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G e o g r a p h ic P r o file
o f E m p lo y m e n t
a n d U n e m p lo y m e n t , 1 9 8 6
U. S. Department of Labor
William E. Brock. Secretary
May 1987
Bulletin

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6

G e o g r a p h ic P r o file
o f E m p lo y m e n t
a n d U n e m p lo y m e n t , 1 9 8 6
U. S. Department of Labor
William E. Brock, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
May 1987
Bulletin 2279




For sale by the' superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402




Preface

metropolitan areas, and central cities, which are the basis
for determining the eligibility of an area for benefits under
Federal economic assistance programs, result from the
Federal-State Cooperative Program, b l s is responsible for
establishing the estimating procedures; the State employment
security agencies are responsible for developing the esti­
mates. For all States, the District of Columbia, the Los An­
geles Metropolitan Statistical Area, and New York City, the
official annual average estimates are obtained directly from
the C P S. For the remaining metropolitan areas and cities, the
official annual average estimates are derived using a stan­
dardized procedure. Data from the CPS for metropolitan areas
and cities in this bulletin are not the official BL S estimates
and are provided because they are the only current source
of information on demographic and economic characteristics.
This bulletin was prepared by the Data Users’ and Publi­
cation Services Group and the Data Services Group in col­
laboration with the Division of Local Area Unemployment
Statistics.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and, with
appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission.

Data on labor force, employment, and unemployment in
State and sub-State areas are available from two major
sources—the Current Population Survey (C P S ) and the
Federal-State Cooperative Program. This bulletin presents
data from the C PS for regions, States, and selected large
metropolitan areas and central cities. It provides 1986 an­
nual averages for the employed and the unemployed by
selected demographic and economic characteristics based on
population counts projected from the 1980 decennial census.
Comparable data for 1980-85 were published in Geographic
Profile o f Employment and Unemployment as follows: 1985,
Bulletin 2266; 1984, Bulletin 2234; 1983, Bulletin 2216;
1982, Bulletin 2170; and 1981 and 1980, Bulletin 2156.
Bulletin 2156 also provided instructions for adjusting 1970
census-based data for earlier years to reflect 1980 census
population counts.
Beginning with 1986 annual data, this bulletin introduces
revised definitions for metropolitan areas based on guide­
lines and standards established by the U.S. Office of Manage­
ment and Budget in 1983. (See appendix C.)
The official Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates for States,




iii




Page

.

1

Section I. Estimates for Census regions and divisions...................................................................
Tables: Census regions and divisions, 1986 annual averages:
1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status .................................................................................
2. Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and part-time status, sex, age,
race, and Hispanic origin................................................................................................
3. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation.......................
4. Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and
Hispanic origin.................................................................................................................
5. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force for private nonagricultural
wage and salary workers by industry .............................................................................
6. Percent distribution of private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin...................................................................
7. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work.......................
8. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than
35 hours, and usual status ..............................................................................................
9. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin,
and reason not at w o rk ..................................................................................................
10. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin,
and reason for unemployment ........................................................................................
11. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin,
and duration of unemployment........................................................................................

2

Geographic profile of employment and unemployment, 1986

3
8
10
13
17
19
23
25
27
29
31

Section II. Estimates for States ...................................................................................................... 33
Charts:
1. Unemployment rates by State, 1986 annual averages ...................................................... 34
2. Changes in State unemployment rates, 1985-86 ............................................................... 34




Tables: States, 1986 annual averages:
12. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status .................................................................................
13. Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and part-time status, sex, age,
race, and Hispanic origin................................................................................................
14. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation.......................
15. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation.........................................................................................................................
16. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by industry...........................
17. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, andindustry.........
18. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work.......................
19. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than
35 hours, and usual status ..............................................................................................
20. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by reason................................................
21. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin,
and reason for unemployment ........................................................................................
22. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin,
and duration of unemployment........................................................................................

35
49
54
58
62
65
69
74
78
79
83

C o n te n ts — C o n tin u e d

Page
Section III. Estimates for metropolitan areas and c itie s ...............................................................................
Tables: Metropolitan areas and cities, 1986 annual averages:
23. Employment status o f the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status ...................................................................................................
24. Employment status o f the experienced civilian labor force by occu p ation ...........................
25. Percent distribution o f em ployed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin,
and occu p ation ...........................................................................................................................................
26. Employment status o f the experienced civilian labor force for nonagricultural
workers by industry..................................................................................................................................
27. Percent distribution o f em ployed civilians in nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic o r ig in ............................................................................................................

112

Appendixes:
A . Concepts and definitions o f dataderived from the CurrentPopulation S u r v e y ...................
B. Sampling and estimation procedures andsampling error t a b le s ....................................................
Index to tables B-8 to B-13 for rates by Census region and d iv is io n ...............................
Index to tables B-20 to B-25 for rates by State...........................................................................
Index to tables B-32 to B-37 for rates by metropolitan areas and c itie s ...........................
C. Geographic boundary d efin itio n s............................................................................................................

128
130
139
157
181
196




vi

87

88
107
112
118

Geographic Profile
of Employment and
Unemployment, 1986

The Current Population Survey (C P S ) is the regular month­
ly survey o f about 59,500 households from which the na­
tional unemployment rate is derived. (See appendix A for
concepts and definitions used in the C P S, and appendix B for
a description o f the estimation procedure.)
Annual average estimates o f the labor force by demograph­
ic characteristics (age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin) and
the economic characteristics o f the employed and unemployed
are published in this bulletin only if they meet the b l s stan­
dards o f reliability for publication. (See appendix B for an
explanation o f the B L S standards for publication o f CPS data.)




Estimates for census regions and divisions are shown in sec­
tion I; States are shown in section II; and metropolitan areas
and cities are shown in section III.
Since these estimates are based on a survey rather than
on a com plete census o f the population, they are subject to
sampling error. Consequently, error ranges have been
provided, at a 90-percent confidence interval, for the unem­
ployment rates in the first table o f sections I, II, and III. In
addition, appendix B provides tables from which the sam­
pling error ranges can be obtained for the data in other ta­
bles in these sections.

1

Section I. Estimates for Census Regions and Divisions




2

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Total ..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs ........

Area and population group

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

28,895
13,525
15,370
2,282

17,935
10,023
7,912
1,090

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
W om en........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

24,953
11,769
13,184
1,882

B lack............................................
M e n .............................................
W om en.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

Unemployment

Employment

Error range of
rate1

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

62.1
74.1
51.5
47.8

16,827
9,380
7,448
910

58.2
69.3
48.5
39.9

1,108
643
465
180

6.2
6.4
5.9
16.5

6.0
6.2
5.6
15.3

-

6.4
6.7
6.2
17.7

15,606
8,812
6,794
966

62.5
74.9
51.5
51.3

14,751
8,325
6,426
826

59.1
70.7
48.7
43.9

855
487
367
. 141

5.5
5.5
5.4
14.5

5.3
5.3
5.1
13.4

-

5.7
5.8
5.7
15.7

3,297
1,441
1,856
347

1,926
973
953
111

58.4
67.6
51.3
31.8

1,696
832
864
73

51.4
57.8
46.5
20.9

230
141
89
38

12.0
14.5
9.4
34.3

11.1
13.2
8.3
28.8

-

12.8
15.8
10.4
39.7

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

1,970
873
1,097
218

1,130
656
474
63

57.4
75.2
43.2
29.0

1,013
591
421
46

51.4
67.8
38.4
21.3

117
65
53
17

10.4
9.8
11.1
26.7

9.4
8.6
9.5
20.4

- 11.4
- 11.1
- 12.7
- 33.0

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

7,950
15,954
4,990

5,355
10,333
2,247

67.4
64.8
45.0

4,829
9,917
2,081

60.7
62.2
41.7

526
416
166

9.8
4.0
7.4

9.4
3.8
6.8

-

10.2
4.2
8.0

Total ..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs........

44,337
21,196
23,141
3,620

29,341
16,370
12,971
2,191

66.2
77.2
56.1
60.5

27,198
15,168
12,031
1,801

61.3
71.6
52.0
49.7

2,143
1,203
940
390

7.3
7.3
7.2
17.8

7.1
7.1
7.0
16.8

-

7.5
7.6
7.5
18.8

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

39,885
19,160
20,724
3,133

26,622
14,975
11,647
1,983

66.7
78.2
56.2
63.3

24,972
14,033
10,939
1,683

62.6
73.2
52.8
53.7

1,650
942
708
300

6.2
6.3
6.1
15.1

6.0
6.1
5.8
14.2

-

6.4
6.5
6.3
16.1

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

3,794
1,693
2,101
421

2,306
1,159
1,147
181

60.8
68.4
54.6
42.9

1,850
922
928
95

48.8
54.4
44.2
22.5

456
237
219
86

19.8
20.4
19.1
47.5

18.8
19.0
17.7
42.5

-

20.8
21.9
20.5
52.5

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

862
438
425
95

581
366
215
46

67.4
83.7
50.5
48.1

511
320
192
32

59.3
73.0
45.1
33.4

70
47
23
14

12.0
12.8
10.6
30.6

10.4
10.7
8.2
22.5

- 13.6
- 14.8
- 13.1
- 38.8

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

10,649
26,309
7,379

7,740
17,837
3,765

72.7
67.8
51.0

6,773
16,994
3,431

63.6
64.6
46.5

967
842
334

12.5
4.7
8.9

12.0
4.5
8.3

-

12.9
4.9
9.4

Total ..............................................
Men ..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

31,317
14,932
16,385
2,601

20,463
11,463
9,000
1,530

65.3
76.8
54.9
58.8

18,837
10,543
8,294
1,231

60.1
70.6
50.6
47.3

1,626
920
706
299

7.9
8.0
7.8
19.6

7.7
7.7
7.5
18.4

-

8.2
8.3
8.2
20.7

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

27,641
13,254
14,387
2,193

18,256
10,328
7,928
1,360

66.0
77.9
55.1
62.0

17,051
9,632
7,419
1,139

61.7
72.7
51.6
51.9

1,205
696
509
221

6.6
6.7
6.4
16.2

6.4
6.4
6.1
15.0

-

6.8
7.0
6.8
17.4

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

3,204
1,430
1,775
364

1,907
962
946
153

59.5
67.3
53.3
42.0

1,510
752
757
77

47.1
52.6
42.7
21.0

398
209
189
76

20.9
21.8
19.9
49.9

19.7
20.1
18.4
44.3

- 22.0
- 23.4
- 21.5

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
W omen.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

727
368
359
82

486
306
181
41

66.9
83.0
50.3
49.9

428
267
161
27

58.9
72.6
44.9
33.3

58
38
19
14

11.9
12.6
10.7
33.2

10.2
10.3
8.0
24.2

- 13.6
- 14.8
- 13.4
- 42.2

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

7,711
18,288
5,318

5,523
12,241
2,699

71.6
66.9
50.7

4,775
11,616
2,445

61.9
63.5
46.0

748
625
254

13.5
5.1
9.4

13.0
4.9
8.7

-

M id d le A tlan tic
D ivision

M id w e s t R egion

E ast N o rth C e n tral
D ivision

S ee footnotes at end of table.




3

- 55.5

14.1
5.3
10.1

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages
(Num bers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

UNITED STATES2
T o ta l..............................................
M e n ..............................................
W om en.........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs.........

180,587
85,798
94,789
14,496

117,834
65,422
52,413
7,926

65.3
76.3
55.3
54.7

109,597
60,892
48,706
6,472

60.7
71.0
51.4
44.6

8,237
4,530
3,707
1,454

7.0
6.9
7.1
18.3

6.9
6.8
6.9
17.8

-

7.1
7.0
7.2
18.9

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

155,432
74,390
81,042
11,879

101,801
57,217
44,584
6,862

65.5
76.9
55.0
57.8

95,660
53,785
41,876
5,792

61.5
72.3
51.7
48.8

6,140
3,433
2,708
1,070

6.0
6.0
6.1
15.6

5.9
5.9
5.9
15.1

-

6.1
6.1
6.2
16.1

B la ck............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

19,989
8,956
11,033
2,137

12,654
6,373
6,281
883

63.3
71.2
56.9
41.3

10,814
5,428
5,386
536

54.1
60.6
48.8
25.1

1,840
946
894
347

14.5
14.8
14.2
39.3

14.1
14.3
13.7
37.6

-

14.9
15.4
14.8
41.0

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

12,344
6,106
6,238
1,302

8,076
4,948
3,128
571

65.4
81.0
50.1
43.9

7,219
4,428
2,791
430

58.5
72.5
44.7
33.0

857
520
337
141

10.6
10.5
10.8
24.7

10.2
10.0
10.2
22.9

-

11.0
11.0
11.4
26.4

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

43,775
104,927
31,885

31,065
70,100
16,669

71.0
66.8
52.3

27,478
66,802
15,318

62.8
63.7
48.0

3,588
3,298
1,352

11.6
4.7
8.1

11.3
4.6
7.8

-

11.8
4.8
8.4

T o ta l..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

38,766
18,179
20,587
3,058

24,652
13,642
11,011
1,585

63.6
75.0
53.5
51.8

23,282
12,861
10,421
1,356

60.1
70.7
50.6
44.3

1,370
781
590
229

5.6
5.7
5.4
14.4

5.4
5.5
5.1
13.5

-

5.7
5.9
5.6
15.3

W hite............................................
M e n .............................................
W om en........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

34,374
16,211
18,164
2,610

22,004
12,265
9,739
1,440

64.0
75.7
53.6
55.2

20,906
11,649
9,257
1,255

60.8
71.9
51.0
48.1

1,098
616
482
185

5.0
5.0
5.0
12.9

4.8
4.8
4.7
12.0

-

5.1
5.2
5.2
13.8

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

3,644
1,607
2,038
387

2,172
1,102
1,071
127

59.6
68.6
52.5
32.9

1,926
953
973
85

52.8
59.3
47.7
22.0

247
149
98
42

11.3
13.5
9.1
33.1

10.6
12.4
8.2
28.3

-

12.1
14.6
10.1
37.9

Hispanic orig in.............................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

2,179
965
1,213
239

1,258
728
530
74

57.7
75.4
43.6
30.9

1,128
658
470
54

51.8
68.2
38.7
22.8

129
70
59
19

10.3
9.6
11.2
26.3

9.4
8.4
9.8
20.7

-

11.2
10.7
12.7
31.8

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

10,666
21,532
6,569

7,408
14,191
3,053

69.5
65.9
46.5

6,760
13,671
2,850

63.4
63.5
43.4

648
520
203

8.7
3.7
6.6

8.4
3.5
6.2

-

9.1
3.8
7.1

Total ..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ........

9,871
4,654
5,217
777

6,717
3,618
3,098
495

68.0
77.8
59.4
63.7

6,454
3,481
2,973
446

65.4
74.8
57.0
57.4

263
138
125
49

3.9
3.8
4.0
9.9

3.7
3.5
3.7
8.6

-

4.2
4.1
4.4
11.2

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

9,421
4,442
4,979
729

6,398
3,453
2,946
474

67.9
77.7
59.2
65.1

6,155
3,324
2,831
430

65.3
74.8
56.8
59.0

244
129
115
45

3.8
3.7
3.9
9.4

3.6
3.4
3.5
8.1

-

4.1
4.1
4.3
10.7

B la ck............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................

348
166
182

246
129
117

70.8
77.4
64.7

230
121
109

66.1
72.7
60.1

16
8
8

6.6
6.1
7.1

4.5
3.3
4.0

-

8.6
8.9
10.2

Hispanic origin.............................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................

209
92
116

128
72
55

61.1
78.1
47.6

116
67
49

55.3
72.4
41.8

12
5
7

9.4
7.3
12.2

6.5
3.9
7.2

-

12.3
10.7
17.1

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

2,715
5,578
1,578

2,053
3,858
805

75.6
69.2
51.0

1,931
3,755
769

71.1
67.3
48.7

122
103
37

6.0
2.7
4.6

5.4
2.4
3.8

-

6.5
3.0
5.3

Northeast Region

New England
Division

S e e footnotes at end of table.




4

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Civilian labor force

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Total ..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs........

13,020
6,264
6,756
1,019

8,878
4,907
3,971
661

68.2
78.3
58.8
64.8

8,361
4,625
3,736
570

64.2
73.8
55.3
55.9

517
283
234
91

5.8
5.8
5.9
13.7

5.5
5.4
5.5
12.2

-

6.1
6.2
6.3
15.3

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
W omen.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

12,244
5,906
6,337
940

8,366
4,648
3,718
623

68.3
78.7
58.7
66.3

7,921
4,401
3,520
544

64.7
74.5
55.5
57.9

445
246
199
79

5.3
5.3
5.3
12.7

5.0
4.9
4.9
11.1

-

5.6
5.7
5.8
14.3

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women.......................................

590
264
326

399
197
202

67.6
74.7
61.9

340
169
171

57.7
64.3
52.4

58
28
31

14.6
14.0
15.2

12.5
11.0
12.2

-

16.7
16.9
18.3

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................

136
70

95
61

69.9
87.6

83
52

61.2
75.5

12
8

12.5
13.8

8.6
8.6

-

16.5
18.9

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

2,938
8,021
2,061

2,216
5,596
1,066

75.4
69.8
51.7

1,998
5,378
985

68.0
67.1
47.8

219
217
81

9.9
3.9
7.6

9.1
3.6
6.6

-

10.6
4.2
8.5

Total ..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

61,638
29,023
32,615
5,017

39,882
21,962
17,920
2,623

64.7
75.7
54.9
52.3

36,862
20,376
16,486
2,067

59.8
70.2
50.5
41.2

3,020
1,585
1,435
557

7.6
7.2
8.0
21.2

7.4
7.0
7.8
20.3

-

7.7
7.4
8.3
22.1

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

49,788
23,724
26,064
3,761

32,152
18,080
14,072
2,070

64.6
76.2
54.0
55.0

30,177
16,998
13,179
1,717

60.6
71.6
50.6
45.7

1,976
1,082
893
353

6.1
6.0
6.3
17.1

6.0
5.8
6.1
16.1

-

6.3
6.2
6.6
18.0

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

10,921
4,873
6,048
1,166

7,100
3,539
3,561
512

65.0
72.6
58.9
44.0

6,112
3,067
3,045
318

56.0
62.9
50.3
27.3

988
471
516
195

13.9
13.3
14.5
38.0

13.4
12.6
13.7
35.3

- 14.4
- 14.1
- 15.3
- 40.7

Hispanic origin.............................
M en.............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

4,074
2,027
2,047
416

2,711
1,642
1,070
192

66.6
81.0
52.3
46.2

2,434
1,476
957
144

59.7
72.8
46.8
34.6

278
165
112
48

10.2
10.1
10.5
25.2

9.5
9.2
9.3
21.8

-

10.9
11.0
11.6
28.7

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

13,699
36,417
11,521

9,492
24,243
6,147

69.3
66.6
53.4

6,233
22,999
5,631

60.1
63.2
48.9

1,260
1,245
516

13.3
5.1
8.4

12.9
5.0
8.0

-

13.7
5.3
8.8

T o ta l..............................................
Men ............................. ,................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

30,981
14,502
16,479
2,421

20,035
10,857
9,178
1,312

64.7
74.9
55.7
54.2

18,889
10,296
8,593
1,078

61.0
71.0
52.1
44.5

1,145
561
585
233

5.7
5.2
6.4
17.8

5.5
4.9
6.1
16.6

-

5.9
5.4
6.7
19.0

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

24,420
11,581
12,839
1,723

15,645
8,695
6,951
987

64.1
75.1
54.1
57.3

14,954
8,336
6,618
857

61.2
72.0
51.5
49.7

691
359
332
130

4.4
4.1
4.8
13.2

4.2
3.9
4.5
12.0

-

4.6
4.4
5.1
14.4

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

6,155
2,745
3,410
652

4,103
2,018
2,085
300

66.7
73.5
61.1
46.0

3,665
1,824
1,841
201

59.6
66.5
54.0
30.8

437
194
244
99

10.7
9.6
11.7
32.9

10.1
8.8
10.8
29.9

-

11.2
10.4
12.5
35.9

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

1,195
590
606
81

816
472
344
37

68.3
80.1
56.7
45.6

764
444
319
31

63.9
75.3
52.8
37.9

52
28
24
6

6.4
5.9
7.0
16.8

5.4
4.7
5.4
9.5

-

7.4
7.2
8.6
24.1

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

7,129
17,890
5,962

5,043
11,840
3,152

70.7
66.2
52.9

4,527
11,409
2,953

63.5
63.8
49.5

516
431
198

10.2
3.6
6.3

9.7
3.4
5.8

-

10.7
3.9
6.8

Area and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

West North Central
Division

South Region

South Atlantic
Division

S ee footnotes at end of table.




5

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

T o ta l..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

11,290
5,267
6,022
972

7,036
3,886
3,151
466

62.3
73.8
52.3
47.9

6,373
3,545
2,829
347

56.5
67.3
47.0
35.7

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

9,148
4,315
4,832
736

5,741
3,223
2,518
374

62.8
74.7
52.1
50.9

5,306
2,996
2,310
300

58.0
69.4
47.8
40.7

435
228
207
75

7.6
7.1
8.2
20.0

7.1
6.4
7.5
17.3

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

2,091
928
1,163
234

1,266
644
622
91

60.6
69.4
53.5
38.8

1,039
531
508
48

49.7
57.3
43.6
20.3

227
112
115
43

17.9
17.5
18.5
47.6

16.5
15.4
16.3
40.8

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

2,364
6,754
2,172

1,528
4,447
1,062

64.6
65.8
48.9

1,254
4,160
959

53.0
61.6
44.2

274
286
103

17.9
6.4
9.7

16.6
5.9
8.4

T o ta l..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

19,367
9,253
10,114
1,624

12,811
7,220
5,592
846

66.2
78.0
55.3
52.1

11,600
6,536
5,064
641

59.9
70.6
50.1
39.5

1,212
684
528
205

9.5
9.5
9.4
24.2

9.1
9.0
9.0
22.7

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

16,220
7,828
8,392
1,302

10,766
6,162
4,604
708

66.4
78.7
54.9
54.4

9,916
5,666
4,250
560

61.1
72.4
50.6
43.0

850
496
354
148

7.9
8.0
7.7
20.9

7.6
7.6
7.2
19.2

Area and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

East South Central
Division
663
341
322
118

9.4
8.8
10.2
25.4

8.9
8.1
9.5
22.8

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

9.9
9.4
11.0
28.1
8.1
7.7
9.0
22.8
19.4
19.5
20.6
54.4
19.2
6.9
10.9

West South Central
Division

_

9.8
9.9
9.9
- 25.8

_
-

8.2
8.5
8.2
22.6
20.0
20.6
20.3
49.9
12.9
13.0
13.7
31.4

-

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

2,675
1,200
1,475
279

1,731
877
854
122

64.7
73.1
57.9
43.6

1,408
712
696
69

52.6
59.3
47.2
24.7

323
165
158
53

18.7
18.8
18.5
43.3

17.4
17.0
16.6
36.8

-

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

2,851
1,425
1,426
333

1,876
1,161
715
155

65.8
81.4
50.2
46.4

1,652
1,023
628
112

57.9
71.8
44.1
33.7

224
137
87
42

12.0
11.8
12.2
27.3

11.0
10.6
10.6
23.3

-

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

4,206
11,773
3,387

2,922
7,957
1,933

69.5
67.6
57.1

2,451
7,430
1,719

58.3
63.1
50.7

470
527
214

16.1
6.6
11.1

15.3
6.3
10.2

-

T o ta l..............................................
M e n ..............................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs ........

35,926
17,437
18,489
2,808

24,006
13,475
10,532
1,529

66.8
77.3
57.0
54.5

22,297
12,511
9,786
1,250

62.1
71.7
52.9
44.5

1,709
964
745
279

7.1
7.2
7.1
18.2

6.9
6.9
6.8
17.1

W hite............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

31,436
15,319
16,117
2,379

21,051
11,914
9,137
1,369

67.0
77.8
56.7
57.6

19,631
11,120
8,511
1,136

62.4
72.6
52.8
47.8

1,419
794
626
233

6.7
6.7
6.8
17.0

6.5
6.4
6.5
15.9

_ 7.0
6.9
7.2
- 18.2

B lack............................................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

1,654
794
860
166

1,091
582
509
64

66.0
73.2
59.2
38.5

939
492
447
39

56.8
62.0
52.0
23.6

152
90
62
25

13.9
15.4
12.2
38.8

12.6
13.5
10.4
30.2

-

15.3
17.3
14.1
47.4

Hispanic orig in .............................
M en.............................................
W omen........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

5,249
2,686
2,563
555

3,539
2,220
1,319
261

67.4
82.6
51.5
47.0

3,157
1,981
1,176
201

60.1
73.8
45.9
36.2

382
239
143
60

10.8
10.8
10.9
22.9

10.1
9.9
9.8
19.6

-

11.5
11.6
12.0
26.2

Single (never married).................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status3 ....................

8,779
20,713
6,434

6,436
13,856
3,714

73.3
66.9
57.7

5,721
13,162
3,414

65.2
63.5
53.1

715
694
300

11.1
5.0
8.1

10.7
4.8
7.5

-

11.6
5.2
8.6

-

-

16.9
7.0
12.0

W e s t R e gio n

S e e footnotes at end of table.




6

_
-

-

“

7.3
7.4
7.4
19.4

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

T o ta l...................................................
M e n ...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

9,390
4,536
4,854
755

6,371
3,557
2,814
465

67.8
78.4
58.0
61.6

5,899
3,285
2,614
384

62.8
72.4
53.8
50.9

472
272
201
81

7.4
7.6
7.1
17.3

7.1
7.2
6.7
15.8

-

7.7
8.1
7.6
18.9

W h ite.................................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

8,825
4,262
4,562
703

5,986
3,349
2,637
444

67.8
78.6
57.8
63.2

5,571
3,109
2,462
371

63.1
72.9
54.0
52.8

415
240
175
73

6.9
7.2
6.6
16.5

6.6
6.7
6.2
14.9

-

7.3
7.6
7.1
18.0

B la c k .................................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en............................................

246
122
124

179
98
81

72.9
80.7
65.2

151
83
69

61.6
68.0
55.3

28
15
12

15.5
15.7
15.2

12.7
11.9
11.0

-

18.4
19.6
19.4

Hispanic origin................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

1,158
587
572
133

779
472
306
76

67.2
80.5
53.6
57.2

686
416
270
58

59.2
70.9
47.2
43.8

93
56
37
18

11.9
11.9
12.0
23.4

10.7
10.4
10.1
18.9

-

13.1
13.4
13.9
27.8

Single (never married)...................
Married, spouse present ..............
Other marital status3 ......................

2,073
5,677
1,640

1,564
3,824
983

75.5
67.4
59.9

1,376
3,620
903

66.4
63.8
55.1

188
204
80

12.0
5.3
8.2

11.2
5.0
7.3

-

12.8
5.7
9.0

T o ta l...................................................
M e n ...................................................
Women ............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .........

26,536
12,901
13,635
2,053

17,635
9,918
7,717
1,064

66.5
76.9
56.6
51.8

16,399
9,226
7,173
866

61.8
71.5
52.6
42.2

1,237
692
544
198

7.0
7.0
7.1
18.6

6.8
6.7
6.7
17.2

-

7.3
7.3
7.4
20.1

W h ite................................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs........

22,611
11,057
11,554
1,676

15,064
8,565
6,500
925

66.6
77.5
56.3
55.2

14,060
8,011
6,049
765

62.2
72.5
52.4
45.7

1,004
554
451
160

6.7
6.5
6.9
17.3

6.4
6.1
6.5
15.8

-

6.9
6.8
7.3
18.8

B lack................................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en ...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs........

1,408
672
735
144

912
483
428
53

64.8
71.9
58.2
37.0

788
409
378
32

56.0
60.9
51.5
22.1

124
74
50
21

13.6
15.3
11.7
40.2

12.1
13.1
9.6
30.1

-

15.1
17.6
13.7
50.3

Hispanic origin................................
M e n ..................................................
W om en...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs........

4,091
2,099
1,992
422

2,760
1,747
1,013
185

67.5
83.2
50.9
43.8

2,471
1,564
907
143

60.4
74.5
45.5
33.9

289
183
107
42

10.5
10.5
10.5
22.7

9.7
9.5
9.2
18.5

-

11.3
11.5
11.8
26.9

Single (never m arried)..................
Married, spouse present ..............
Other marital status3 ......................

6,706
15,036
4,794

4,872
10,032
2,731

72.7
66.7
57.0

4,345
9,542
2,511

64.8
63.5
52.4

527
490
220

10.8
4.9
8.0

10.3
4.6
7.4

-

11.4
5.2
8.7

Area and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

M ountain Division

Pacific Division

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval,
which means that if repeated samples were drawn from the same popula­
tion and an error range constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out
of 10 cases the true value based on a complete census of the population
would be contained within these error ranges.
2 Because of separate processing and weighting procedures, totals for
the United States differ from the results obtained by aggregating the totals
for regions and States.
3 "Other marital status" includes divorced, widowed, separated, and mar­




ried with spouse absent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not
meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on
the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or
compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and
Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other
races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the
white and black population groups.

7




Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed
workers by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin,
1986 annual averages
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and area

Full-time
schedules1

Part time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

TO TAL

Northeast........................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

18,961
5,168
13,793

830
185
645

3,490
1,102
2,389

1,106
198
908

264
65
200

M idw est...........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North C entral....................

21,515
14,998
6,517

1,434
967
467

4,249
2,872
1,377

1,714
1,311
402

430
315
115

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

30,403
15,708
5,205
9,491

2,081
875
432
774

4,378
2,307
737
1,335

2,502
919
565
1,019

518
227
98
193

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
P acific...........................................

17,947
4,666
13,281

1,246
380
866

3,104
852
2,252

1,391
386
1,005

318
86
232

N ortheast........................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

11,546
3,111
8,435

362
78
284

952
292
661

689
116
572

92
21
71

M idw est...........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North Central....................

13,252
9,260
3,992

618
416
202

1,297
866
431

1,033
795
239

169
126
44

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

17,931
9,142
3,098
5,691

1,004
397
199
407

1,441
757
247
438

1,362
465
302
595

224
96
39
89

W e s t ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

10,936
2,834
8,102

607
176
431

968
275
693

835
239
596

129
33
96

Northeast.......................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

7,415
2,057
5,358

468
107
361

2,538
810
1,728

417
82
336

172
43
129

M idw est...........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North C entral....................

8,263
5,737
2,526

816
551
265

2,952
2,006
946

680
517
164

260
189
71

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

12,472
6,566
2,106
3,800

1,077
478
233
367

2,937
1,550
490
897

1,141
454
264
423

294
131
58
104

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

7,011
1,832
5,179

639
204
435

2,136
578
1,558

556
147
409

189
54
135

N ortheast........................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

481
159
322

115
31
84

760
257
503

117
21
95

112
27
85

M idw est...........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North C entral....................

560
386
174

218
152
66

1,022
692
330

185
145
40

205
155
51

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

800
428
135
236

263
113
56
94

1,004
537
156
311

297
117
68
112

260
117
50
93

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

430
134
296

155
54
101

665
196
469

135
44
91

144
36
108

Men

Women

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

S ee footnotes at end of table.

8




Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed
workers by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin,
1986 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Unemployed

Employed
Population group and area

Full-time
schedules1

Part time for
economic
reasons

Voluntary
part time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

White

Northeast.......................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

16,901
4,916
11,985

733
173
559

3,273
1,065
2,207

872
183
689

226
61
165

M idw est...........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North C entral....................

19,695
13,524
6,171

1,261
830
431

4,016
2,696
1,320

1,306
962
344

344
243
101

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

25,037
12,496
4,370
8,171

1,437
555
298
583

3,703
1,903
638
1,162

1,619
547
368
704

357
144
67
146

West ................................................
Mountain......................................
Pacific...........................................

15,723
4,397
11,326

1,094
355
739

2,814
819
1,995

1,155
337
819

264
78
186

N ortheast.......................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,665
195
1,471

86
10
76

175
25
150

211
(*)
199

35
(*)
32

M idw est..........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North Central....................

1,523
1,247
275

155
126
29

172
137
36

378
331
47

78
67
12

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

4,898
2,991
809
1,098

606
307
132
167

608
368
98
143

837
360
197
281

150
78
31
42

W e s t ................................................
Mountain.......................................
P acific...........................................

799
126
673

56
10
48

82
15
66

124
(*)
100

28
(! )
24

Northeast.......................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

980
98
881

48
6
42

101
11
90

112
(*)
103

18
(*)
15

M idw est..........................................
East North C entral.....................
West North C entral....................

427
360
67

40
34
6

45
34
11

58
47

12
10
(*)

S o u th ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
West South Central ...................

1,950
631
1,306

231
48
182

254
85
164

231
43
187

47
9
37

W e s t ................................................
Mountain......................................
P acific..........................................

2,610
545
2,065

251
62
189

296
79
217

332
83
249

50
10
40

Black

Hispanic origin

1 Employed persons with a job but not at work
are distributed according to whether they usually
work full- or part-time.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base
does not meet 6LS publication standards of reliabil­
ity for the particular area, based on the sample in
that area. See appendix B.

(*)

NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of
rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups
will not add to totals because data for the "other
races" group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population
groups.

9

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Managerial and professional specialty............................................
Executive, administrative, and m anagerial..................................
Professional specialty......................................................................
Engineers........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

6,325
2,926
3,400
432
173
197
526
798

1,811
843
967
155
64
47
153
212

4,515
2,083
2,432
277
109
149
373
585

6,238
2,878
3,360
366
131
167
548
893

4,389
2,015
2,374
274
99
119
375
614

1,848
863
985
92
ft
48
172
278

8,552
4,190
4,362
540
183
206
602
1,242

4,511
2,244
2,267
286
117
109
336
591

1,277
564
713
81
ft
ft
102
232

2,764
1,383
1,381
174
51
64
164
419

6,103
2,990
3,112
453
157
162
383
704

1,561
775
786
92
ft
44
95
206

4,542
2,216
2,326
361
126
118
287
498

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical ....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ...................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

7,864
766
255
239
2,839
725
504
319
1,277
4,259
204
1,230
539
263

2,101
236
78
76
765
191
154
86
333
1,100
49
307
156
62

5,763
530
177
163
2,074
534
350
233
944
3,159
155
923
382
201

8,576
823
308
274
3,265
823
502
391
1,529
4,488
233
1,250
627
227

6,001
570
215
189
2,275
575
357
270
1,059
3,156
165
893
417
161

2,575
253
93
85
989
247
145
121
469
1,333
68
357
210
67

12,165
1,142
396
405
4,961
1,334
762
523
2,324
6,062
286
1,699
826
290

6,150
567
186
203
2,461
672
387
247
1,145
3,122
139
879
391
152

1,943
183
85
61
812
239
86
78
405
948
ft
250
146
45

4,072
392
124
142
1,689
423
290
198
774
1,992
105
569
289
93

7,465
749
198
275
2,905
710
543
319
1,314
3,812
171
998
589
168

1,937
200
57
80
793
199
137
77
378
943
46
260
156
41

5,529
548
142
195
2,112
511
406
242
937
2,869
125
738
434
127

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service.............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service...................................................................................
Health service................................................................................
Cleaning and building service.....................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

3,258
163
482
2,613
1,077
482
639
415

812
40
108
664
305
109
149
101

2,446
123
375
1,948
771
374
490
313

4,153
245
383
3,526
1,576
535
851
564

2,848
166
292
2,390
1,075
349
602
365

1,305
79
90
1,136
502
186
249
199

5,366
408
638
4,320
1,847
668
1,076
729

2,683
201
318
2,163
926
326
544
365

943
78
107
758
311
138
188
120

1,741
129
212
1,400
610
203
344
243

3,289
234
375
2,680
1,238
301
631
510

1,000
51
99
849
395
78
207
169

2,290
183
275
1,832
843
224
424
341

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction tra d es..........................................................................

2,872
860
1,112

843
227
328

2,029
633
784

3,496
1,165
1,131

2,485
833
776

1,011
332
355

5,204
1,676
2,070

2,602
851
1,079

943
312
330

1,659
514
661

2,878
900
1,137

797
245
348

2,082
655
789

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................

3,765
1,824
940
729
1,000
176

1,021
558
221
173
242
40

2,744
1,266
719
556
758
136

5,315
2,609
1,252
914
1,454
228

3,911
2,012
859
619
1,040
157

1,403
596
393
294
414
71

6,941
3,028
1,889
1,331
2,024
351

3,387
1,528
849
633
1,010
164

1,550
780
389
245
381
65

2,004
720
652
453
633
122

3,238
1,360
915
698
962
187

779
250
257
194
272
64

2,458
1,110
658
505
690
123

Farming, forestry, and fishing...........................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

400
97

101
ft

300
80

1,260
675

585
247

674
428

1,236
374

539
128

273
105

424
141

839
198

250
86

588
111

Managerial and professional specialty............................................
Executive, administrative, and m anagerial..................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

6,201
2,873
3,328
423
171
196
519
780

1,779
830
950
151
63
47
151
208

4,422
2,043
2,379
272
108
149
368
572

6,085
2,796
3,289
358
127
166
540
875

4,275
1,956
2,319
268
96
119
370
601

1,810
840
970
89
ft
47
170
274

8,350
4,079
4,271
527
179
205
591
1,220

4,428
2,201
2,228
282
115
108
329
579

1,246
546
700
78
ft
ft
101
229

2,676
1,333
1,343
167
49
64
162
412

5,929
2,900
3,029
442
154
161
376
685

1,515
750
766
90
ft
44
94
201

4,413
2,151
2,263
351
124
117
282
484

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except re ta il..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services............................
Administrative support, including clerical ....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ...................................
Financial records processing......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

7,563
744
249
229
2,725
709
492
310
1,200
4,093
198
1,181
520
251

2,042
231
76
74
745
187
152
85
320
1,066
48
296
153
60

5,521
513
172
155
1,980
522
341
226
880
3,027
150
885
367
191

8,172
798
299
265
3,105
802
490
381
1,414
4,269
225
1,187
597
216

5,698
551
208
182
2,153
559
348
263
971
2,994
159
846
398
152

2,474
248
92
83
952
243
142
118
443
1,275
67
342
199
64

11,548
1,102
384
388
4,668
1,295
744
506
2,106
5,778
274
1,629
791
279

5,903
553
181
196
2,341
655
379
241
1,056
3,009
135
853
380
147

1,839
176
82
59
762
234
83
75
367
900
ft
242
138
43

3,807
374
120
133
1,565
405
28 2
190
682
1,868
99
534
272
88

7,086
721
192
263
2,753
689
530
309
1,210
3,612
162
945
566
158

1,833
193
55
75
748
191
132
74
348
892
44
245
149
39

5,253
528
138
188
2,005
498
398
235
862
2,720
118
700
417
119

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service.............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service...................................................................................
Health service ................................................................................
Cleaning and building service.....................................................

3,048
154
465
2,428
989
457
587

775
38
104
633
288
104
142

2,273
116
361
1,796
701
352
445

3,794
229
361
3,205
1,417
488
763

2,585
154
275
2,156
959
317
535

1,209
74
86
1,049
458
171
228

4,835
379
607
3,848
1,615
599
948

2,473
191
307
1,975
832
304
490

829
70
100
658
260
124
164

1,533
119
200
1,215
522
171
294

3,009
220
355
2,434
1,108
279
564

909
49
93
767
353
72
183

2,100
171
262
1,667
755
207
381

EMPLOYED

See footnotes at end of table.




10

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

West

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

EMPLOYED—Continued
Personal service.............................................................................

395

97

298

536

344

192

687

349

110

228

483

159

324

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers................................................................
Construction tra d e s .........................................................................

2,708
821
1,033

809
221
314

1,899
600
719

3,238
1,103
1,007

2,291
782
687

947
321
320

4,811
1,595
1,871

2,483
827
1,013

850
294
287

1,479
474
571

2,654
856
1,017

724
229
307

1,931
627
710

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators...............................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................

3,393
1,657
868
679
867
143

955
525
207
163
222
35

2,438
1,132
661
516
645
108

4,716
2,339
1,137
834
1,241
174

3,448
1,798
777
563
873
116

1,268
541
360
270
368
57

6,183
2,712
1,730
1,230
1,741
273

3,099
1,403
796
600
900
136

1,362
688
357
227
317
46

1,722
621
578
403
524
90

2,874
1,206
831
639
838
153

692
227
229
174
236
52

2,182
979
601
465
602
101

Farming, forestry, and fishing...........................................................
Farm operators and m anagers......................................................

370
96

95

274
79

1,192
673

539
246

652
426

1,135
371

503
127

249
105

383
140

746
195

226
85

520
110

93
39
53
5
1

114
59
55
6
3

38
23
15
2

82
43
40
3
2

31
18
13
3

6
13

89
50
38
7
2
1
3
7

174
90
84
12
3
1
7
19

46
25
21
2

1
2
4

202
111
91
13
4
1
11
22

2
5

128
65
63
10
2
1
5
14

9
8
2

266
18
4
9
124
17
8
8
91
124
6
35
17
4

380
28
6
11
152
21
14
10
105
200
8
53
23
10

104
8
2
5
45
8
5
3
30
51
2
15
7
2

276
20
4
7
107
13
9
8
75
149
7
38
17
8

ft

UNEMPLOYED

7
17

1
4

5
13

153
82
71
8
4
1
8
17

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians.......................................
Engineering and science technicians........................................
Sales occupations...........................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except re ta il..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services............................
Administrative support, including clerical ....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ...................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

301
21
7
10
114
15
11
9
77
166
5
49
19
12

59
5
2
2
20
4
2
1
13
34
1
11
4
2

242
16
5
8
94
12
9
8
64
132
4
38
15
10

404
25
9
9
160
21
12
11
115
219
8
63
30
12

303
19
7
7
122
17
9
7
89
161
6
47
19
9

101
5
2
2
38
4
4
4
26
58
1
16
11
3

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service.............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service...................................................................................
Health service ................................................................................
Cleaning and building service.....................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

211
9
17
184
87
25
52
20

37
2
4
32
17
4
7
4

174
8
14
152
70
21
45
16

359
16
22
321
160
46
88
27

263
11
18
234
116
31
66
21

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers................................................................
Construction tra d es..........................................................................

164
40
79

34
6
15

131
33
65

258
62
124

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators...............................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers...................................................................

372
167
72
50
133
33

66
33
14
10
20
5

305
134
58
40
113
28

Farming, forestry, and fishing...........................................................
Farm operators and m anagers......................................................

31
1

5

1.7
1.6
1.9
2.1
1.5

Managerial and professional specialty............................................
Executive, administrative, and m anagerial..................................
Professional specialty .....................................................................
Engineers........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists .....................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

124
53
71
8
2

ft

32
14
18
3
1

ft

P)

P)

P)

P)

P)
P)

ft
ft

7
12

1
3

616
40
12
18
293
39
18
17
218
284
12
70
36
11

247
15
5
6
120
17
7
6
89
112
3
26
11
5

104
7
3
2
49
5
2
3
38
48

96
5
4
87
44
15
22
6

532
29
31
472
232
69
128
42

210
11
11
188
94
24
54
17

114
8
7
99
51
14
24
10

208
11
13
185
88
32
51
15

281
14
20
246
130
22
67
27

91
3
7
81
43
6
24
10

190
11
13
165
88
17
43
18

194
51
89

64
11
35

393
81
199

119
24
66

93
18
43

180
39
90

224
44
120

73
16
41

151
27
79

598
270
116
80
213
54

463
215
82
56
166
40

135
55
34
24
46
13

757
316
159
102
282
78

287
125
53
33
110
28

188
92
32
18
63
18

282
99
74
50
109
31

363
154
85
59
124
34

87
23
28
19
36
12

276
131
57
39
88
22

25
1

68
2

46
1

22
2

101
3

36
1

25
1

40
1

93
2

25
1

68
1

2.4
2.8
2.1
2.3
3.0
.6
1.4
1.9

2.6
2.9
2.3
2.2
3.4
.3
1.5
2.2

2.1
2.7
1.6
2.5
ft
1.1
1.1
1.4

2.4
2.7
2.1
2.4
2.1
.6
1.8
1.8

1.8
1.9
1.7
1.2
1.4
.4
2.0
2.0

2.5
3.2
1.8
3.3

1.1
1.4

3.2
3.6
2.8
4.0
4.4
.9
1.6
1.7

2.9
3.0
2.7
2.6
2.2
.5
1.7
2.7

2.9
3.2
2.6
2.1
ft

.9
1.9

2.0
1.9
2.2
1.9
1.3
.1
1.5
2.3

1.6
2.4

2.8
2.9
2.7
2.7
1.9
.7
1.8
2.9

2.8
2.1
2.1

4.2
3.1
2.9

4.7
3.0
2.9

5.0
3.4
3.4

3.9
2.1
1.9

5.1
3.5
3.0

4.0
2.6
2.5

5.4
3.8
3.7

6.5
4.6
3.3

5.1
3.8
3.0

5.4
3.9
3.1

5.0
3.7
2.9

P)

ft

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
Managerial and professional specialty............................................
Executive, administrative, and m anagerial..................................
Professional specialty......................................................................
Engineers........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists .....................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

2.0
1.8
2.1
2.0
1.4
.1
1.3
2.2

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians.......................................

3.8
2.8
2.6

P)

See footnotes at end of table.




11

ft
ft

P)

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

South

East
West
North
North
Central Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

West
East
South
South
Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

4.1
5.2
3.0
2.5
3.3
8.0
5.2
5.0
5.3
3.9
5.7

5.8
5.7
3.8
3.7
3.4
7.9
5.4
3.6
5.9
4.2
4.3

3.4
5.0
2.6
2.2
3.2
8.0
5.2
5.5
5.1
3.8
6.2

U N E M P L O Y M E N T R A T E - C o n tin u e d

Engineering and science technicians.....................................
Sales occupations.....................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors...................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services.........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................
Sales workers, retail and personal services.........................
Administrative support, including clerical .................................
Computer equipment operators.............................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................
Financial records processing .................................................
Mail and message distributing ...............................................

4.1
4.0
2.1
2.3
2.7
6.0
3.9
2.7
3.9
3.4
4.5

2.6
2.6
1.9
1.3
1.3
3.9
3.1
2.9
3.6
2.4
2.8

4.8
4.5
2.2
2.7
3.2
6.8
4.2
2.6
4.1
3.9
5.0

3.3
4.9
2.6
2.5
2.8
7.5
4.9
3.3
5.0
4.8
5.1

3.5
5.4
2.9
2.4
2.7
8.4
5.1
3.8
5.3
4.6
5.5

2.8
3.8
1.8
2.6
3.0
5.5
4.3
2.1
4.4
5.1
3.9

4.3
5.9
2.9
2.3
3.2
9.4
4.7
4.1
4.1
4.3
3.8

3.1
4.9
2.5
1.9
2.4
7.8
3.6
2.5
3.0
2.7
3.2

3.5
5.8
4.3

6.4
7.3
4.0
2.7
3.8
11.8
6.2
6.1
6.1
5.7
4.4

Service occupations.....................................................................
Private household......................................................................
Protective service......................................................................
Service, except private household and protective...................
Food service............................................................................
Health service .........................................................................
Cleaning and building service................................................
Personal service......................................................................

6.5
5.6
3.6
7.1
8.1
5.3
8.1
4.8

4.6
4.1
3.3
4.8
5.5
3.9
4.5
4.1

7.1
6.1
3.7
7.8
9.1
5.7
9.2
5.0

8.6
6.6
5.7
9.1
10.1
8.7
10.3
4.9

9.2
6.8
6.0
9.8
10.8
9.0
11.0
5.8

7.3
6.1
4.7
7.6
8.8
8.0
8.6
3.2

9.9
7.1
4.8
10.9
12.6
10.4
11.9
5.8

7.8
5.3
3.5
8.7
10.1
7.2
9.9
4.6

12.1
9.7
6.5
13.1
16.4
10.1
12.8
8.6

11.9
8.3
5.9
13.2
14.4
15.7
14.7
6.1

8.5
6.2
5.3
9.2
10.5
7.3
10.6
5.3

9.1
5.8
6.6
9.6
10.8
7.1
11.4
5.6

8.3
6.3
4.8
9.0
10.4
7.4
10.1
5.1

Precision production, craft, and repair........................................
Mechanics and repairers...........................................................
Construction trades...................................................................

5.7
4.6
7.1

4.0
2.8
4.5

6.4
5.2
8.2

7.4
5.3
11.0

7.8
6.1
11.5

6.3
3.3
10.0

7.5
4.8
9.6

4.6
2.8
6.1

9.9
5.7
13.0

10.8
7.6
13.6

7.8
4.9
10.5

9.1
6.6
11.8

7.3
4.2
10.0

Operators, fabricators, and laborers...........................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors......................
Transportation and material moving occupations....................
Motor vehicle operators..........................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............
Construction laborers.............................................................

9.9
9.2
7.6
6.9
13.3
18.5

6.5
5.9
6.2
5.9
8.2
12.5

11.1
10.6
8.1
7.2
14.9
20.3

11.3
10.4
9.2
8.8
14.6
23.6

11.8
10.7
9.5
9.0
16.0
25.7

9.6
9.3
8.5
8.2
11.2
18.8

10.9
10.4
8.4
7.6
13.9
22.1

8.5
8.2
6.2
5.3
10.9
17.0

12.1
11.8
8.3
7.2
16.6
28.2

14.1
13.8
11.4
11.1
17.2
25.8

11.2
11.3
9.2
8.4
12.9
18.3

11.2
9.3
10.8
10.1
13.2
18.7

11.2
11.8
8.6
7.8
12.8
18.0

Farming, forestry, and fishing......................................................
Farm operators and managers.................................................

7.7
1.1

5.4
(*)

8.4
1.1

5.4
.4

7.9
.2

3.3
.4

8.2
.7

6.6
.6

9.1
.8

9.5
.7

11.1
1.3

9.8
1.6

11.6
1.0

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.




3.9
6.1
2.1
2.8
4.3
9.4
5.1

3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

12

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1986 annual averages
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

West

South

East
West
North
North
Central Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West
East
South
South
Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

TOTAL
Total (in thousands).............................................................. 23,282
Percent................................................................................... 100.0

6,454
100.0

16,827
100.0

27,198
100.0

18,837
100.0

8,361
100.0

36,862
100.0

18,889
100.0

6,373
100.0

11,600
100.0

22,297
100.0

5,899
100.0

16,399
100.0

Managerial and professional speciality .......................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...............................
Professional specialty ...............................................................
Engineers................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ..................................
Health diagnosing occupations..............................................
Health assessment and treating occupations........................
Teachers, except college and university...............................

26.6
12.3
14.3
1.8
.7
.8
2.2
3.4

27.6
12.9
14.7
2.3
1.0
.7
2.3
3.2

26.3
12.1
14.1
1.6
.6
.9
2.2
3.4

22.4
10.3
12.1
1.3
.5
.6
2.0
3.2

22.7
10.4
12.3
1.4
.5
.6
2.0
3.2

21.6
10.0
11.6
1.1
.4
.6
2.0
3.3

22.7
11.1
11.6
1.4
.5
.6
1.6
3.3

23.4
11.7
11.8
1.5
.6
.6
1.7
3.1

19.5
8.6
11.0
1.2
.2
.5
1.6
3.6

23.1
11.5
11.6
1.4
.4
.6
1.4
3.5

26.6
13.0
13.6
2.0
.7
.7
1.7
3.1

25.7
12.7
13.0
1.5
.5
.7
1.6
3.4

26.9
13.1
13.8
2.1
.8
.7
1.7
3.0

Technical, sales, and administrative support..............................
Technicians and related support..............................................
Health technologists and technicians....................................
Engineering and science technicians.....................................
Sales occupations.....................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ...................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services.........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................
Sales workers, retail and personal services .........................
Administrative support, including clerical .................................
Computer equipment operators.............................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................
Financial records processing .................................................
Mail and message distributing ...............................................

32.5
3.2
1.1
1.0
11.7
3.0
2.1
1.3
5.2
17.6
.9
5.1
2.2
1.1

31.6
3.6
1.2
1.2
11.5
2.9
2.3
1.3
5.0
16.5
.7
4.6
2.4
.9

32.8
3.1
1.0
.9
11.8
3.1
2.0
1.3
5.2
18.0
.9
5.3
2.2
1.1

30.0
2.9
1.1
1.0
11.4
2.9
1.8
1.4
5.2
15.7
.8
4.4
2.2
.8

30.3
2.9
1.1
1.0
11.4
3.0
1.8
1.4
5.2
15.9
.8
4.5
2.1
.8

29.6
3.0
1.1
1.0
11.4
2.9
1.7
1.4
5.3
15.2
.8
4.1
2.4
.8

31.3
3.0
1.0
1.1
12.7
3.5
2.0
1.4
5.7
15.7
.7
4.4
2.1
.8

31.3
2.9
1.0
1.0
12.4
3.5
2.0
1.3
5.6
15.9
.7
4.5
2.0
.8

28.8
2.8
1.3
.9
12.0
3.7
1.3
1.2
5.8
14.1
.6
3.8
2.2
.7

32.8
3.2
1.0
1.1
13.5
3.5
2.4
1.6
5.9
16.1
.8
4.6
2.3
.8

31.8
3.2
.9
1.2
12.3
3.1
2.4
1.4
5.4
16.2
.7
4.2
2.5
.7

31.1
3.3
.9
1.3
12.7
3.2
2.2
1.3
5.9
15.1
.7
4.1
2.5
.7

32.0
3.2
.8
1.1
12.2
3.0
2.4
1.4
5.3
16.6
.7
4.3
2.5
.7

Service occupations.....................................................................
Private household.....................................................................
Protective service......................................................................
Service, except private household and protective...................
Food service...........................................................................
Health service ........................................................................
Cleaning and building service................................................
Personal service......................................................................

13.1
.7
2.0
10.4
4.2
2.0
2.5
1.7

12.0
.6
1.6
9.8
4.5
1.6
2.2
1.5

13.5
.7
2.1
10.7
4.2
2.1
2.6
1.8

14.0
.8
1.3
11.8
5.2
1.8
2.8
2.0

13.7
.8
1.5
11.4
5.1
1.7
2.8
1.8

14.5
.9
1.0
12.5
5.5
2.0
2.7
2.3

13.1
1.0
1.6
10.4
4.4
1.6
2.6
1.9

13.1
1.0
1.6
10.5
4.4
1.6
2.6
1.8

13.0
1.1
1.6
10.3
4.1
1.9
2.6
1.7

13.2
1.0
1.7
10.5
4.5
1.5
2.5
2.0

13.5
1.0
1.6
10.9
5.0
1.3
2.5
2.2

15.4
.8
1.6
13.0
6.0
1.2
3.1
2.7

12.8
1.0
1.6
10.2
4.6
1.3
2.3
2.0

Precision production, craft, and repair ........................................
Mechanics and repairers..........................................................
Construction trades...................................................................

11.6
3.5
4.4

12.5
3.4
4.9

11.3
3.6
4.3

11.9
4.1
3.7

12.2
4.2
3.6

11.3
3.8
3.8

13.1
4.3
5.1

13.1
4.4
5.4

13.3
4.6
4.5

12.7
4.1
4.9

11.9
3.8
4.6

12.3
3.9
5.2

11.8
3.8
4.3

Operators, fabricators, and laborers...........................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors......................
Transportation and material moving occupations....................
Motor vehicle operators.........................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............
Construction laborers .............................................................

14.6
7.1
3.7
2.9
3.7
.6

14.8
8.1
3.2
2.5
3.4
.5

14.5
6.7
3.9
3.1
3.8
.6

17.3
8.6
4.2
3.1
4.6
.6

18.3
9.5
4.1
3.0
4.6
.6

15.2
6.5
4.3
3.2
4.4
.7

16.8
7.4
4.7
3.3
4.7
.7

16.4
7.4
4.2
3.2
4.8
.7

21.4
10.8
5.6
3.6
5.0
.7

14.8
5.4
5.0
3.5
4.5
.8

12.9
5.4
3.7
2.9
3.8
.7

11.7
3.8
3.9
3.0
4.0
.9

13.3
6.0
3.7
2.8
3.7
.6

Farming, forestry, and fishing......................................................
Farm operators and managers.................................................

1.6
.4

1.5
.3

1.6
.5

4.4
2.5

2.9
1.3

7.8
5.1

3.1
1.0

2.7
.7

3.9
1.6

3.3
1.2

3.3
.9

3.8
1.4

3.2
.7

Total (in thousands) .............................................................. 12,861
Percent................................................................................... 100.0

3,481
100.0

9,380
100.0

15,168
100.0

10,543
100.0

4,625
100.0

20,376
100.0

10,296
100.0

3,545
100.0

6,536
100.0

12,511
100.0

3,285
100.0

9,226
100.0

Managerial and professional speciality .......................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...............................
Professional specialty ...............................................................
Engineers................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ..................................
Health diagnosing occupations..............................................
Health assessment and treating occupations.......................
Teachers, except college and university...............................

27.5
14.5
13.0
3.1
.9
1.2
.4
1.8

28.6
14.9
13.7
4.1
1.1
1.1
.5
1.6

27.2
14.4
12.8
2.7
.8
1.3
.4
1.9

22.6
11.8
10.7
2.2
.5
.9
.6
1.6

23.1
12.0
11.1
2.4
.6
.9
.6
1.6

21.4
11.5
9.9
1.8
.4
.9
.5
1.6

22.7
12.6
10.1
2.4
.5
.9
.4
1.2

23.7
13.3
10.5
2.6
.7
.9
.5
1.1

18.9
9.9
9.0
2.0
.3
.8
.4
1.3

23.2
13.0
10.2
2.4
.4
.8
.4
1.4

27.5
14.1
13.4
3.3
.8
1.1
.5
1.7

26.7
14.3
12.4
2.7
.7
1.1
.6
1.7

27.8
14.0
13.7
3.6
.8
1.1
.5
1.7

Technical, sales, and administrative support..............................
Technicians and related support..............................................
Health technologists and technicians....................................
Engineering and science technicians.....................................
Sales occupations.....................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ...................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services.........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................
Sales workers, retail and personal services .........................
Administrative support, including clerical .................................
Computer equipment operators.............................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................
Financial records processing .................................................
Mail and message distributing ...............................................

21.1
3.0
.3
1.4
11.0
4.0
2.2
1.9
2.9
7.1
.6
.2
.4
1.4

20.1
3.3
.3
1.7
10.5
3.7
2.2
1.9
2.7
6.3
.5
.1
.3
1.2

21.5
2.9
.3
1.4
11.1
4.1
2.1
1.9
2.9
7.5
.6
.2
.5
1.5

18.6
2.7
.3
1.5
10.5
3.7
1.9
2.1
2.8
5.3
.4
.1
.3
.9

18.6
2.8
.3
1.5
10.4
3.7
2.0
2.0
2.6
5.5
.4
.1
.3
.9

18.4
2.7
.2
1.4
10.7
3.7
1.8
2.1
3.0
5.0
.4
.1
.4
.8

19.9
2.8
.3
1.5
11.8
4.3
2.2
2.0
3.2
5.3
.4
.1
.3
.9

20.0
2.7
.3
1.5
11.8
4.3
2.2
1.9
3.3
5.5
.4
.1
.3
.9

18.1
2.4
.3
1.3
10.8
4.5
1.5
1.8
3.0
4.8
.3
.1
.3
.9

20.6
3.1
.3
1.7
12.4
4.2
2.6
2.3
3.2
5.1
.4
.1
.4
.8

20.5
3.3
.3
1.7
11.6
3.8
2.5
2.0
3.3
5.5
.4
.2
.4
.8

19.7
3.2
.2
1.9
11.5
3.9
2.4
1.8
3.3
5.1
.4
.1
.6
.7

20.7
3.4
.4
1.6
11.7
3.8
2.5
2.0
3.4
5.6
.5
.2
.4
.8

Men

S ee footnotes at end of table.




13

T a b le 4. C e n s u s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d c iv ilia n s b y o c c u p a tio n , se x, ra ce , a n d H isp a n ic
o rig in , 1986 a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d

Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

New

Midwest

Middle

England Atlantic

Total

South

East
North

W est
North

Central

Central

Total

South
Atlantic

W est

East
South

W est
South

Central

Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Men—Continued

Service o c cu p a tio n s ....................................................................................
Private h o u s eh o ld ......................................................................................
Protective s e r v ic e ......................................................................................
Service, except private household and p ro te c tiv e .......................
Food s e rv ic e .............................................................................................
Health s e r v ic e .........................................................................................
Cleaning and building s e r v ic e ...........................................................

10.6

9.5

<1)
3.2
7.4

(’)
2 .7
6.8

3.2
.4

3.1

11.0
.1

9.0
.1

9.2
.1

8.8
.1

3.4

2.1
6.9

2.3
6 .8

1.5

3.2

3.0

7.2
3.5

.3
3 .0

.3
2.8

.6

3.2
.8

.3
2.9
.5

.5

.4
2.7

7 .6
3.2
.4

8.7

9.0

8.1

8.8

10.1

(1)
2.6
6.1
2.7

(1)
2 .6
6.3
2.8

(1)
2 .6
5.5

(’ )
2.7
6 .0

.1
2.5

.2

.5

.3
2.5
.6

2 .0
.4

2.8

.3
2 .5
.6

2.5
.6

11.2
.1

9.7

7.5
3.8

2.4
8.7

2.5
7.0

4.3

3.6

.3

.2

2 .5
.5

2.6
.9

3.1
1.2

.3
2.4

.1

Personal s e rv ic e ......................................................................................

3 .0
.8

Precision production, craft, and r e p a ir .................................................

19.3

20.7

18.7

19.5

19.8

18.7

21.7

22.1

21.7

21.1

19.3

20.4

18.9

Mechanics and re p a ire rs ........................................................................
Construction tr a d e s ..................................................................................

6.2
7.9

6.1

6 .2
7.6

7.0
6 .5

7.2
6.4

6 .7
6 .7

7.6
9.0

7.8
9.6

8.0

7.0
8.6

6 .5
8 .0

6.8

6.4

8.8

9.2

7.5

Operators, fabricators, and la b o re rs .....................................................

19.1
7.3

18.8

19.2

23.8

25.1

18.2

6.1

6.1

4.2

6.8

6 .2

6 .5

6 .8

11.6
6.6

27.3
10.4

16.2

10.2

21.2
6.8

17.7

6 .9

22.3
7.2

21.2

8.3

20.8
7.1
7.2

7.8

7 .0

9.4

8.2

5.9

6.2

5.0
5.8

4 .9

4.7

5.3

5.4

5.8

5 .6

6.9

7.2

1.1

1.3

1.3

7.5
1.3

6 .9
1.4

4.5
5.8

1.1

6.5
1.2

4 .5
5.6

5.9
4.4

6.8
1.1

5.1
7.3

1.2

1.5

5.5
1.1

6 .0
2.6

5.1
1.9

5.0

5.8

4.7

1.3

2.2

1.0

M achine operators, assemblers, and insp ectors...........................

7.9

.7

Transportation and material moving o c c u p a tio n s ........................
Motor vehicle o p e ra to rs .......................................................................

4 .8

5.3
4.1

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and la b o re rs ................
Construction la b o re rs ...........................................................................

5.6
1.1

5.1
1.0

Farming, forestry, and fis h in g ..................................................................

2.3
.6

2.3
.3

2.4
.7

6.6
3.9

4.3

11.9
8.2

4.8
1.5

4.1

2.0

10,421
100.0

2,9 7 3

7,448

12,031

8 ,294

3,7 3 6

16,486

8 ,593

9,7 8 6

2,614

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2,8 2 9
100.0

5,064

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

7,173
100.0

M anagerial and professional s p e c ia lity ................................................
Executive, administrative, and m a n a g e ria l......................................

2 5.5

26.3

25.2

22.1

2 2.2

22.0

22.6

23.1

20.4

22.9

25.4

24.4

25.8

9.6

10.4

9.3
15.8

9.2
13.4

9.7
13.4

.3

.3
.8

.2
.4

.3

.2
.4

.2

.5

.2
.4

.2

.6

.5

.2

13.3
.3
.4

11.9
13.9

E n g in e e rs ..................................................................................................
Mathem atical and computer s c ie n tis ts ..........................................

13.5
.2

11.6
13.8
.2

10.7

15.9

8.3
13.7

9.5

15.9

8.3
13.8

6.9

Professional s p e c ia lty .............................................................................

8.3
13.8

.6

.3

.3
.7

Health diagnosing o c c u p a tio n s .........................................................
Health assessm ent and treating occu p a tio n s .............................

.4
4 .4

4.6

.4
4.4

.2
3.8

.2
3.7

.2
4 .0
5.3

.1
3.1
5.9

.1
3.2
5.4

.1
3.1
6.5

.3
2.9

.2
3.3

6.4

.2
3.2
4 .8

5 .6

4.5

43.4

4 5.5
3.3

44.7
3.2

42.4
3.2

4 8.6
3.4

46.2
3.1

45.3
3.4

4 6.6
3 .0

1.8
.5

2.5
.4
13.4

2 .0
.4
14.9

1.5
.6

1.8
.5

1.4
.6

13.3

14.2

12.9

2.6
1.1
.4
9 .2
2 5.8
1.1
8.4
4 .5
.4

2 .6
2 .2
.7
9.3
30.3
1.4
10.4
4.8
.7

2 .2
2.3
.6
8.1
29.9
1.1
9.4

2.4
2.0
.5
9.2
27.8
1.2
9.2
5.0
.6

2.1
2.4
.6
7.7
3 0.7
1.0
9.5
5.3
.6

19.2
2.4
.3
16.4
6.7

19.0
2.3
.5
16.2
6 .7

17.9

20.7
1.8

16.8
2 .2
.4

Farm operators and m a n a g e rs ............................................................

1.0

Women
Total (in th o u s a n d s )............................................................................
P e rc e n t......................................................................................................

.4

.3

Teachers, except college and univ ers ity ......................................

5.2

5.1

5.3

5.2

5.2

Technical, sales, and administrative s upport.....................................

46.5

47.1

44.5

Technicians and related s u p p o rt.........................................................
Health technologists and te c h n ic ia n s ............................................
Engineering and science te chnician s.............................................

3 .5
2.0

45.2
3.9

3.2
2.2
.4

Sales o c c u p a tio n s ....................................................................................

12.6
1.9
2.1
.6
8 .0
30.5

2 .2
.5
12.7

3.3
1.9
.4
12.6

4 5.0
3.1

1.2
11.1
4.4
.6

2.0
2.5
.6
7.7
28.5
1.0
9.8
4.8
.6

1.9
1.9
.6
8.1
31.3
1.3
11.6
4.3
.7

16.1
1.4
.5

14.9
1.2
.4

14.2
5.5
3.9

13.3

16.6
1.5
.6
14.5

Supervisors and p ro p rieto rs ..............................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business s e rv ic e s ............
Sales representatives, commodities, except r e ta il....................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ...............................
Administrative support, including clerical ........................................
Com puter equipm ent o p e ra to rs ........................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists .......................................
Financial records processing ............................................................
Mail and m essage distributing ..........................................................
Service occup a tio n s ....................................................................................
Private h o u s eh o ld ......................................................................................
Protective s e r v ic e ......................................................................................
Service, except private household and p ro te c tiv e .......................
Food s e rv ic e ............................................................................................
Health service .........................................................................................

.4

Personal s e rv ic e .....................................................................................

1.9
2.8

Precision production, craft, and repair .................................................

2 .2

Mechanics and r e p a ire rs ........................................................................
Construction tr a d e s ..................................................................................

.2
.2

Cleaning and building s e r v ic e ...........................................................

Operators, fabricators, and la b o re rs .....................................................
Machine operators, assem blers, and in sp ectors...........................

9.0

Transportation and material moving o c c u p a tio n s ........................

6.9
.7

Motor vehicle o p e ra to rs ......................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and la b o re rs ................

.6
1.4

Construction la b o re rs ...........................................................................
Farming, forestry, and fis h in g ..................................................................
Farm operators and m a n a g e rs ............................................................

(1)

6 .0
3.1
1.6
2 .6

12.6
2 .0
1.7
.6
8.3
28.8
1.3
9.7
4.5
.7

12.2

2.0
1.7
.6
8.3
29.1
1.4
10.0
4 .4
.7

1.9
1.6
.5
8.1
28.0

2 .5
1.8
.5
8.8
28.5

1.2
9.0
4.8
.7

1.2
9.7
4.4
.6

20.1
1.8
.4

19.5
1.8
.4
17.3
7.7
3 .5

18.5
2.3
.4
15.8

18.0
2 .2
.4
15.4

5.3
4.3

17.9
7.8
3.7

21.5
1.9
.4
19.2
7.9
4 .2

6 .5
3.3

2 .0
2.9

2 .6
3.8

2.6
3.5

2.6
4 .5

2 .6
3.4

6.3
3.2
2.7

2.5
.3
.2

2.2
.2
.2

2 .4
1.8
.5
8.3
28.4
1.1
9.8
4.1
.6

3.9
2.7

5.2
.6

2.1
.4
15.3

.5
18.4

3.1

6.5
2.5

8.1
2 .5

2 .6
3.9

2.5
3.8

3.1
4 .6

14.2
5.9
2.5
2 .2

3.3

3.2

2.4

2 .5

2.4

.3
.2

.4
.2

2.1
.2
.2

2 .6

.3
.2

2.9
.3
.2

2 .0

.3
.2

3 .6

1.9

2 .4

.2
.1

.3
.2

10.1
7.9

8 .5
6.5

9.2

9.7

8 .2

10.0

10.7

13.9

6.6

7.0

5.7

7.5

8.1

11.3

6 .6
4.4

6 .8
4.5

6 .2
3.4

7 .0
4 .9

.7

.7

.9

.9
.8

.8

.9

1.0

.8
1.8

.9
.8

.9

.6
1.3

.9
.8
1.8

.8

.7
1.4

1.7
.1

.7
1.4

.8
1.4

1.0
1.7

.8
.8

1.6
.1

.8
1.8

2 .8

1.0

1.3

.3

.9
.3

(’ )

(’ )

0

.5

.7

.2

.2

1.6
.7

S e e footnotes at end of table.




13.1

.3

3 .0
.3

(’ )
.7
.2

3 .2
2.2
.5

2 .0
.5
13.7

2 .2
.3
12.8

.2
2.7

13.7
.1

14

1.1
.4

.7
1.7
(')

0

<1)
1.3
.5

.1

(1)
1.0
.4

1.2
.3

1.3
.5

.5
.2

1.3
(1)
1.2
.3

T a b le 4. C e n su s re g io n s and d iv is io n s : P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d c iv ilia n s b y o c c u p a tio n , sex, race , a n d H isp a n ic
o rig in , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s— C o n tin u e d

Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

New
Middle
England Atlantic

W est

South

Midwest

Total

East
North
Central

W est
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

W est
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

W h ite
Total (in th o u s a n d s )............................................................................
P e rc e n t.....................................................................................................

20,9 06
100.0

6,155
100.0

14,751
100.0

24,972
100.0

17,051
100.0

7,921
100.0

3 0,177
100.0

14,954
100.0

5 ,306
100.0

9,916
100.0

19,631
100.0

5,571
100.0

14,060
100.0

M anagerial and professional speciality ...............................................
Executive, administrative, and m a n a g e ria l......................................
Professional s p e c ia lty .............................................................................
E n g in e e rs ..................................................................................................
M athem atical and computer s c ie n tis ts ..........................................
Health diagnosing oc cu p a tio n s ........................................................
Health assessm ent and treating occu p a tio n s .............................
Teachers, except college and univ ers ity ......................................

27.4
12.8
14.6
1.9
.8
.8
2.2
3.5

27.8
13.1
14.7
2.4
1.0
.7
2.4
3.3

27.2
12.7
14.5
1.7
.7
.9
2.1
3.6

22.7
10.5
12.1
1.3
.5
.6
2.0
3.3

23.1
10.7
12.4
1.4
.5
.6
1.9
3.3

21.8
10.2
11.6
1.1
.4
.6
2.0
3.2

24.6
12.3
12.3
1.6
.5
.6
1.7
3.3

26.0
13.2
12.8
1.7
.7
.7
1.9
3.1

21.0
9.5
11.5
1.4
.2
.6
1.7
3.4

24.5
12.6
11.9
1.5
.4
.6
1.4
3.6

27.1
13.3
13.8
1.9
.7
.7
1.7
3.2

26.1
13.0
13.1
1.5
.5
.8
1.6
3.4

27.4
13.4
14.0
2.1
.7
.7
1.7
3.1

Technical, sales, and administrative s u p p o rt.....................................
Technicians and related s u p p o rt........................................................
Health technologists and te c h n ic ia n s ............................................
Engineering and science tec h n ic ian s .............................................
Sales o c c u p a tio n s ....................................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ..............................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business s e rv ic e s ............
Sales representatives, commodities, except r e ta il....................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ...............................
Administrative support, including clerical ........................................
Computer equipment operators .......................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists .......................................
Financial records processing ............................................................
Mail and m essage distributing ..........................................................

32.6
3.2
1.1
1.0
12.2
3.2
2.2
1.4
5.3
17.2
.8
5.1
2.3
1.0

31.8
3.6
1.2
1.1
11.8
3.0
2.4
1.3
5.0
16.4
.7
4.6
2.4
.9

32.9
3.1
1.0
1.0
12.4
3.3
2.2
1.5
5.4
17.5
.9
5.3
2.2
1.0

30.2
2.9
1.1
1.0
11.8
3.1
1.9
1.5
5.3
15.5
.8
4.4
2.3
.7

30.4
2.9
1.1
1.0
11.9
3.1
2.0
1.5
5.3
15.6
.8
4 .5
2.2
.7

29.7
3.0
1.1
1.0
11.6
3.0
1.7
1.5
5.3
15.1
.8
4.1
2.5
.7

33.0
3.1
1.0
1.1
13.9
4.0
2.3
1.6
5.9
16.1
.7
4.7
2.4
.6

33.2
3.0
.9
1.1
13.9
4.0
2.4
1.6
5.8
16.3
.7
4.9
2.3
.6

30.6
2.9
1.2
1.0
13.0
4.0
1.5
1.4
6.0
14.8
.6
4.1
2.5
.7

34.1
3.3
1.0
1.2
14.4
3.8
2.7
1.8
6.0
16.4
.8
4.9
2.5
.7

31.5
3.1
.8
1.1
12.7
3.2
2.5
1.5
5.4
15.7
.7
4.2
2.6
.6

31.5
3.3
.9
1.3
13.0
3.4
2.4
1.3
5.9
15.2
.7
4.2
2.6
.7

31.5
3.1
.8
1.1
12.5
3.1
2.6
1.5
5.3
15.9
.6
4.3
2.5
.6

Service o c cupations....................................................................................
Private h o u s eh o ld .....................................................................................
Protective s e r v ic e .....................................................................................
Service, except private household and p ro te c tiv e .......................
Food s e rv ic e ............................................................................................
Health service ........................................................................................
Cleaning and building s e r v ic e ...........................................................
Personal s e rv ic e .....................................................................................

12.2
.6
1.9
9.7
4.2
1.5
2.3
1.7

11.6
.5
1.6
9.4
4.4
1.5
2.1
1.5

12.4
.6
2.0
9.8
4.2
1.5
2.3
1.8

13.2
.8
1.2
11.2
5.1
1.7
2.5
2.0

13.0
.8
1.3
10.9
5.0
1.5
2.5
1.8

13.7
.9
.9
11.9
5.2
2.0
2.4
2.3

10.9
.7
1.6
8.7
3.8
1.2
1.7
1.9

10.7
.6
1.6
8.4
3.8
1.1
1.6
1.9

11.0
.7
1.6
8.7
3.6
1.6
1.8
1.6

11.3
.7
1.6
9.0
4.0
1.2
1.9
1.9

13.0
1.0
1.6
10.4
4.7
1.2
2.3
2.2

14.8
.8
1.5
12.4
5.8
1.2
2.8
2.6

12.3
1.1
1.6
9.6
4.3
1.2
2.1
2.0

Precision production, craft, and repair ................................................
Mechanics and r e p a ire rs .......................................................................
Construction t r a d e s ..................................................................................

12.0
3.6
4 .6

12.7
3.4
5.0

11.7
3.7
4.5

12.2
4.2
3.8

12.5
4.3
3.8

11.5
3.9
3.9

13.7
4.6
5.4

14.0
4.7
5.9

14.0
5.0
4.7

13.2
4.3
5.1

12.2
3.9
4.8

12.3
3.9
5.3

12.1
3.9
4.6

Operators, fabricators, and la b o re rs .....................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and in sp ectors..........................
Transportation and material moving o c c u p a tio n s ........................
Motor vehicle o p e ra to rs ......................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and la b o re rs ................
Construction la b o re rs ...........................................................................

14.1
6.8
3.7
2.8
3.6
.6

14.5
7.9
3.2
2.5
3.4

13.9
6.4

17.9
9.2
4.1
3.0
4.6
.6

15.0
6.3
4.4
3.3
4.4
.7

14.6
6.4

19.6
10.1
5.5
3.5
4.0
.5

4.5
2.9
4.0
.8

12.8
5.3
3.8
2.9
3.7
.7

11.4
3.8
3.8
2.8
3.9
.8

13.4

4.3
3.0
3.9
.6

13.6
6.0
3.8
2.8
3.8
.6

13.4
4.9

3.8
3.0
3.7
.6

17.0
8.3
4.2
3.1
4.5
.6

Farming, forestry, and fis h in g ..................................................................
Farm operators and m a n a g e rs ............................................................

1.7
.5

1.5

.3

1.8
.5

4.7
2.7

3.1
1.4

8.2
5.4

3.1
1.2

2.5
.8

3.9
1.9

3.5
1.4

3.5
1.0

3.9
1.5

3.3
.8

Total (in thousands) ............................................................................
P e rc e n t......................................................................................................

1,926
100.0

230
100.0

1,696
100.0

1,850
100.0

1,510
100.0

3 40
100.0

6 ,112
100.0

3,665
100.0

1,039
100.0

1,408
100.0

939
100.0

151
100.0

788
100.0

M anagerial and professional speciality ...............................................
Executive, administrative, and m a n a g e ria l......................................
Professional specialty .............................................................................
E n g in e e rs ..................................................................................................
Mathem atical and computer scientists ..........................................
Health diagnosing o c cu p a tio n s .........................................................
Health assessm ent and treating occup a tio n s .............................
Teachers, except college and univ ers ity ......................................

16.7
6.8
9.9
.8
.4
.3
2.1
2.5

17.5
6.4
11.1
1.5
1.0

16.6
6.9
9.8
.7
.3
.3
2.2
2.5

16.9
7.1
9.8
.6
.3
.3
1.7
2.9

16.9
7.2
9.8
.6
.3
.4
1.7
2.7

16.6
6.6
10.0
.6
.6

12.9
5.5
7.4
.5
.4
.2
1.0
3.1

11.7
3.7
8.0
.3
.2
.2
.9
4.4

12.2
4.3
7.9
.5
.3
.2
1.2
3.5

20.7
10.4
10.3
1.1
1.2
.3
1.1
2.9

16.0
7.6
8.4
1.1
.9

(’ )
1.7
3.8

12.5
4.9
7.6
.5
.3
.2
1.0
3.4

21.7
11.0
10.7
1.1
1.2
.3
1.2
2.8

Technical, sales, and administrative s u p p o rt.....................................
Technicians and related s u p p o rt........................................................
Health technologists and te c h n ic ia n s ............................................
Engineering and science tec h n ic ian s .............................................
Sales o c c u p a tio n s ....................................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ..............................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business s e rv ic e s ............
Sales representatives, commodities, except r e ta il....................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ...............................
Administrative support, including clerical ........................................
Com puter equipment o p e ra to rs .......................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists .......................................
Financial records processing ............................................................
Mail and m essage distributing ........................................................

32.1
2.6
1.3
.6
6.7
1.3
1.0
.4
3.9
22.8
1.2
5.1
1.7
2.2

30.9
3.0
.7
1.4
6.7
1.5
.9
.7
3.5
21.2
1.5
4.6
1.8
2.8

32.2
2.5
1.3
.5
6.7

29.3
2.4
1.2
.6
7.1
1.3
.9
.4
4.4
19.8
1.6
4.9
1.3
1.8

29.5
2.3
1.2
.6
7.0
1.4

28.6
2.9
1.4
.7
7.5
1.2
.8
.3
5.1
18.3
1.6
3.4
.7
1.0

23.3
2.5
1.3
.7
6.7
1.2
.7
.1
4.6
14.2
.9
3.1
.9
1.4

23.7
2.4
1.2
.7

19.7
2.2
1.6
.5
6.2
1.6
.4

25.2
2.6
1.5
.6
7.7
1.3
.9
.3
5.2
14.9
.9
2.8
1.2
1.5

36.2
3.5
1.4
1.2
8.8
1.7
1.2
.9
4.9
23.9
1.6
4.7
2.0
2.6

.5

5.9
3.8
2.9
3.7
.7

Black

.3
1.2
2.7

1.3
1.0
.4
4.0
23.1
1.2
5.2
1.7
2.1

S ee footnotes at end of table.




15

.9
.4
4.2
20.2
1.5
5.3
1.5
2.0

6.5
1.1
.7
.1
4.6
14.8
1.0
3.4
.9
1.5

0
4.2
11.2
.6
2.3
.7
.7

(')
.6
3.1
25.8
2.8
1.0
1.1
7.7
.7
.5
.6
6.0
15.3
1.7
3.2
1.5
1.2

38.2
3.7
1.4
1.2
9.0
1.9
1.3
1.0
4.7
25.5
1.5
5.0
2.1
2.9

T a b le 4. C e n su s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : P e rce n t d is trib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d c iv ilia n s b y o c c u p a tio n , se x, ra ce , a n d H isp a n ic
o rig in , 1986 a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

South
W est
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

W est

East
South
Central

W est
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Black—Continued

Service o c cu p a tio n s ....................................................................................
Private h o u s e h o ld ......................................................................................
Protective s e r v ic e ......................................................................................
Service, except private household and p ro te c tiv e .......................
Food s e rv ic e ............................................................................................
Health service .........................................................................................
Cleaning and building s e r v ic e ...........................................................
Personal s e rv ic e ......................................................................................

22.9
1.6
3.4
17.9
3.4
7.1
5.4
2.1

21.0
1.6
2.0
17.4
4.2
6.0
4.7
2.6

23.1
1.5
3.6
17.9
3.3
7.3
5.4
2.0

22.8
1.1
3.1
18.6
5.8
3.8
6.9
2.1

21.5
1.1
3.1
17.3
5.0
3.9
6.4
2.0

28.8
1.2
3.1
24.5
9.3
3.4
9.3
2.5

23.5
2.8
2.0
18.7
6.6
3.7
6.6
1.9

22.5
2.6
1.6
18.2
6.3
3.6
6.7
1.6

23.5
3.0
1.7
18.8
6.4
3.7
6.5
2.2

25.9
3.1
3.0
19.8
7.4
3.7
6.5
2.2

19.8
1.4
2.6
15.8
5.4
2 .9
5.0
2.6

33.6
1.2
2.7
29.7
9.9
3.4
11.2
5.2

17.2
1.4
2 .6
13.2
4.5
2.8
3.8
2.1

Precision production, craft, and repair .................................................
Mechanics and re p a ire rs ........................................................................
Construction tr a d e s ..................................................................................

8.8
2.9
3.0

9.5
3.2
2.5

8.7
2.8
3.0

8.4
2.8
2 .6

8.5
2.9
2.5

7.9
2.2
3.2

10.0
3.0
3.6

9.9
3.1
3.5

10.4
2.8
3 .5

9.8
3.1
3.6

8.3
2.7
2.8

7.3
2.4
2 .7

8.5
2.7
2.8

Operators, fabricators, and la b o re rs .....................................................
M achine operators, assemblers, and in sp ectors...........................
Transportation and material moving o c c u p a tio n s ........................
Motor vehicle o p e ra to rs ......................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and la b o re rs ................
Construction la b o re rs ...........................................................................

19.1
9.0
4.9
4.2
5.2
.9

20.9
12.6
3.6
3.4
4.7
.6

18.9
8.5
5.1
4.3
5.3
.9

22.0
12.0
4.5
3.2
5.5
.7

23.0
12.6
5.0
3.6
5.4
.6

17.7
9.6
2.2
1.7
5.9
1.0

27.5
11.9
6 .8
5.2
8.7
1.3

27.8
12.9
6.2
4 .7
8.8
1.3

3 0.6
14.6
6.1
3 .9
9.9
1.7

24.4
7.5
9.1
7.5
7.8
.9

13.8
4.6
4 .9
4.2
4.3
.6

16.4
3.8
7.8
6.7
4.8
.8

13.3
4.7
4.3
3.7
4.3
.5

Farming, forestry, and fis h in g ..................................................................
Farm operators and m a n a g e rs ............................................................

.5

(1)

O

(’)

ft

ft

3.2
.3

3.2
.2

4.0
.5

2.4
.2

1.1
.1

.9

ft

1.2
.1

Total (in th o u s a n d s )............................................................................
P e rc e n t......................................................................................................

1,128
100.0

116
100.0

1,013
100.0

511
100.0

4 28
100.0

83
100.0

2,4 3 4
100.0

764
100.0

ft
ft

1,652
100.0

3,1 5 7
100.0

6 86
100.0

2,471
100.0

M anagerial and professional speciality ................................................
Executive, administrative, and m a n a g e ria l......................................
Professional specialty .............................................................................
E n g in e e rs ..................................................................................................
M athem atical and computer scientists ..............................
Health diagnosing o c c u p a tio n s .........................................
Health assessm ent and treating o c cupations .....................
Teachers, except college and univ ers ity ............................

14.0
6.9
7.2
.5
.2
.5
.8
1.7

14.0
4.4
9.6
1.2
.7

12.9
5.3
7.6
.6
.3
.7
.6
1.9

11.3
4.8
6.5
.4
.2
.7
.6
1.7

20.7
7.7
13.1
1.5
.8
1.2
.2
2.7

14.2
7.4
6.8
.6
.1
.4
1.0
2.3

19.0
10.5
8.5
.8
.4
.7
1.7
2.0

ft
ft
ft

12.0
6.0
6.0
.5

ft

(1)

.4
1.9

14.1
7.2
6.9
.5
.2
.5
.8
1.6

ft
ft
ft

.3
.7
2.4

11.2
5.8
5.4
.6
.3
.1
.6
1.4

14.2
7.7
6.5
.6
.4
.1
.7
2.2

10.4
5.3
5.1
.6
.2
.2
.6
1.2

Technical, sales, and administrative s u p p o rt.....................................
Technicians and related s u p p o rt.........................................................
Health technologists and te c h n ic ia n s ................................
Engineering and science tec hnic ian s .................................
Sales o c c u p a tio n s .............................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ..............................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business s e rv ic e s ........
Sales representatives, commodities, except r e ta il ..............
Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................
Administrative support, including clerical .........................................
Com puter equipm ent o p e ra to rs ........................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists .............................
Financial records processing ............................................
Mail and m essage distributing ..........................................

26.1
2.1
.7
.7
8.2
2.1
1.0
.6
4.4
15.8
1.0
4.0
1.3
1.4

16.7
2.5
.5
1.1
4 .6
.2
.9
.9
2.7
9.6
.4
1.6
.6
.8

27.1
2.0
.7
.7
8.6
2.3
1.1
.6
4.6
16.5
1.1
4.3
1.4
1.4

24.6
1.5
.2
.7
7.9
1.7
1.3
.4
4.4
15.2
1.1
3.6
1.2
1.0

24.4
1.5
.1
.8
7.9
1.7
1.5
.4
4.2
15.0
.9
3.3
1.0
1.0

26.1
1.4
.8
.3
8.1
1.4
.6
.7
5.3
16.7
1.8
5.1
1.8
.5

28.2
2.2
.8
.8
11.2
2.9
1.2
1.0
6.1
14.9
.7
3.6
1.5
.7

31.8
2 .6
.9
.8
13.1
3.8
1.1
1.2
6.9
16.1
.9
3.8
1.9
.5

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

26.4
1.9
.7
.8
10.2
2.4
1.2
.9
5.7
14.3
.5
3.5
1.3
.8

22.4
1.6
.4
.9
7.6
1.7
1.0
.6
4 .5
13.2
.6
3.2
1.4
.6

25.4
2.2
.6
1.3
10.4
2.8
1.5
.8
5.3
12.8
.8
2.4
2.2
.9

21.6
1.4
.4
.8
6.9
1.3
.8
.5
4.2
13.3
.6
3.4
1.2
.5

Service occu p a tio n s .............................................................
Private h o u s eh o ld ..............................................................
Protective s e r v ic e ..............................................................
Service, except private household and p ro te c tiv e .................
Food s e rv ic e ...................................................................
Health s e r v ic e .................................................................
Cleaning and building s e r v ic e ...........................................
Personal s e rv ic e ..............................................................

20.2
1.3
1.6
17.3
5.1
2.6
7.7
2.0

21.3
1.2
.8
19.3
9.6
3.2
4.7
1.8

20.1
1.3
1.7
17.1
4.5
2.5
8.0
2.0

16.3
.6
1.1
14.6
7.5
1.3
4.2
1.5

17.0
.7
1.1
15.1
8 .0
1.5
3.9
1.8

13.0
.1
.9
12.0
5.4
.6
5.6
.4

17.2
1.4
1.5
14.3
6.1
1.2
4.7
2.3

15.8
1.3
1.6
12.9
5.6
.8
3.9
2.6

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

17.9
1.5
1.4
15.0
6.3
1.4
5.1
2.2

18.0
2.4
1.2
14.4
6.6
1.3
4.5
2.0

19.9
1.2
1.1
17.6
8.3
1.7
5.5
2.2

17.5
2.7
1.3
13.6
6.1
1.2
4.3
2.0

Precision production, craft, and repair ...................................
Mechanics and re p a ire rs ....................................................
Construction tr a d e s ............................................................

11.2
3.2
3 .0

14.2
2.7
3.1

10.9
3.2
3.0

12.6
4.1
2.4

12.6
3.9
2.3

12.4
5.1
3.1

15.2
4.5
6.4

14.0
4.1
5.6

ft
ft
ft

15.9
4.7
6 .9

15.0
4.3
5.2

14.7
3.7
6.5

15.0
4.5
4.8

Operators, fabricators, and la b o re rs .......................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and insp ectors...........................
Transportation and material moving o c c u p a tio n s ..................
Motor vehicle o p e ra to rs .......................................................................
Handlers, equipm ent cleaners, helpers, and la b o re rs ............
Construction la b o re rs .......................................................

27.5
17.3
4.8
3.5
5.5
.8

32.6
23.9
3.7
3.1
5.0
.6

27.0
16.5
4.9
3 .6
5.5
.8

32.4
19.4
4.4
2.9
8.5
.5

33.8
20.7
4.7
2 .9
8.4
.4

25.1
13.2
3.1
2 .7
8.8
.6

20.1
7.9
5.1
3.6
7.0
1.7

14.7
6.9
3.5
3.0
4.3
1.0

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

22.6
8.4
5.9
3.9
8.3
2.0

26.4
14.9
4 .6
3.4
6.9
1.7

18.6
6 .4
4 .5
3.1
7.7
2.2

28.5
17.2
4.6
3.5
6.7
1.5

Farming, forestry, and fis h in g ................................................
Farm operators and m a n a g e rs ............................................................

.9
.1

1.1
.2

2 .6

5.1
.3

4.8
.1

ft
ft

5.2
.3

7 .0
.2

7 .2
.5

6.9
.1

.4

.2

.5

.6

.6

ft

Hispanic origin

.3

.9

1.0

O

ft

NO TE: Items m ay not add to totals or com pute to displayed percentages because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because
data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both
the white and black population groups.

1 Less than 5 00 persons em ployed or less than 0 .05 percent of total employed.
2 Data are not shown w hen the labor force base does not m eet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sam ple in that area. See
appendix B.




1.2
ft

ft

ft

16

T a b le 5. C e n su s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : E m p lo y m e n t s ta tu s o f th e e x p e rie n c e d 1 c iv ilia n la b o r fo rc e f o r p riv a te n o n a g ric u ltu ra i
w a g e a n d s a la ry w o rk e rs b y in d u s try , 1986 a n n ua l a ve ra g e s
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and industry
Total

Midwest

West

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

13,691

21,824

15,656

6,168

28,964

14,739

5,022

9,203

17,081

4,428

12,653

52

130

83

47

625

115

95

416

174

112

63

New
Middle
England Atlantic

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
T o ta l...............................................................................................

18,985

Mining.....................................................................................................

57

5,293
(3)

Construction.........................................................................................

1,202

334

868

1,235

849

385

2,438

1,281

371

787

1,311

437

874

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ...................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2 ...........................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds...........................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products .....................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..........................

5,043
2,980
74
100
152
216
295
688
580
389
132

1,609
1,103
27
25
32
45
116
271
236
172
(3)

3,434
1,877
47
75
120
171
179
417
344
217
113

6,372
4,183
120
185
162
345
503
893
576
1,098
879

4,891
3,349
90
152
121
308
414
675
436
934
812

1,481
834
P)
P)
42
37
88
218
140
164
67

6,801
3,434
324
288
223
213
363
588
612
608
215

3,507
1,619
154
168
106
91
158
255
283
296
90

1,556
814
101
84
48
66
86
118
132
136
81

1,739
1,001
69
P)
69
57
119
215
197
176
P)

3,773
2,569
189
108
113
87
218
453
518
635
72

671
441
34
P)
34
O
42
87
93
64
P)

3,102
2,129
154
87
79
69
176
366
425
571
64

335
2,063
292
147
369
176
469
361
142

112
506
61
53
59
62
114
65
47

224
1,557
231
93
310
114
355
296
96

197
2,189
605
P)
114
229
514
339
280

137
1,542
371
(3)
72
190
356
263
220

60
647
235
P)
42
39
158
76
60

138
3,367
628
568
620
246
481
434
213

74
1,888
295
482
321
132
269
215
110

P)
741
128
77
213
63
79
88
56

P)
738
206

179
1,204
364

32
230
81

147
974
284

P)
86
52
133
132
48

I3)
186
76
282
121
103

P)
P)
P)
69
P)
P)

P)
165
65
213
99
90

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

1,292
704
589

309
153
156

984
551
433

1,473
872
601

1,002
591
411

471
282
190

2,118
1,192
926

1,062
571
490

341
210
131

716
411
305

1,274
723
550

343
179
164

930
545
386

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e ................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

4,409
790
3,619

1,196
203
993

3,213
587
2,626

5,745
1,102
4,643

4,004
747
3,257

1,741
355
1,386

7,801
1,530
6,271

3,907
736
3,172

1,307
252
1,055

2,586
542
2,044

4,574
907
3,666

1,285
226
1,059

3,289
681
2,608

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households..........................................
Professional services ......................................................................
Educational services.....................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals........................................

1,754
5,227
3,233
564
1,605

467
1,374
903
178
452

1,288
3,853
2,329
386
1,153

1,547
5,322
3,359
457
1,884

1,076
3,751
2,345
328
1,304

471
1,571
1,014
128
580

2,214
6,966
4,022
484
2,030

1,137
3,731
2,132
270
1,041

289
1,064
657
84
373

788
2,171
1,233
130
617

1,395
4,580
2,441
271
1,194

340
1,240
621
58
309

1,055
3,340
1,820
214
885

1,054

206

848

1,584

1,203

382

2,227

846

475

906

1,235

344

891

UNEMPLOYED
T o ta l...............................................................................................
Mining....................................................................................................

6

5

17

9

8

91

18

21

51

21

14

7

Construction.........................................................................................

124

25

99

190

140

50

323

112

67

145

172

65

107

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ...................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2 ...........................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds............................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products .....................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

316
177
6
7
14
24
21
32
29
17
11

69
42
1

247
135
5
6
13
21
15
24
21
13
10

470
312
15
17
15
31
40
62
46
65
55

376
264
10
16
11
29
36
47
38
58
50

95
49
P)
P)
3
2
5
15
8
7
5

513
263
31
21
17
22
33
44
39
39
19

206
88
11
9
8
6
9
10
13
16
7

145
76
11
8
4
7
7
10
12
12
7

162
99
9
P)
4
9
17
25
14
11

261
157
20
7
6
9
21
28
32
21
4

48
26
4
P)
1
P)
4
4
7
2

213
131
16
6
4
9
17
24
25
20
4

17
139
23
14
38
6
19
17
11

6
28
5
4
5
1
3
2
3

11
111
18
10
33
5
16
15
9

11
158
58
(3)
12
11
29
17
24

8
112
40

3
46
18

3
118
24
32
32
5
7
7
6

8
104
48

1
22
10

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

54
40
14

10
7
3

44
33
11

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e ................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

265
37
229

46
5
41

220
32
188

P)

1
1
3
6
9
9
4
(3)

S ee footnotes at end of table.




17

8
8
20
13
18

4
3
9
3
6

11
249
58
39
72
8
19
21
15

84
66
18

64
50
14

20
16
4

113
80
33

42
28
14

434
56
378

325
39
286

109
17
92

652
84
568

253
32
221

P)

P>

P)
69
15
6
25
2
5
6
4

P)
P)
63
19

P)

P)

15
2
8
8
5

15
4
16
9
8

21
16
5

50
36
14

128
11
116

272
42
230

P)

P)
P)
P)

7
81
38

P)
4

12
3
11
6
7

62
47
15

18
14
5

44
33
11

356
52
304

100
11
89

255
41
214

P)
P)

T a b le 5. C e n su s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : E m p lo y m e n t s ta tu s o f th e e x p e rie n c e d 1 c iv ilia n la b o r fo rc e f o r p riv a te n o n a g ric u ltu ra l
w a g e a n d s a la ry w o rk e rs b y in d u s try , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

56
334
140
13
80

41
249
99
10
55

15
85
41
3
25

78
457
181
16
100

South
Atlantic

West

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

12
83
31
3
18

36
190
80
6
46

63
301
105
12
46

18
80
27
3
13

45
221
78
9
33

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ................................................
Services, excluding private households..........................................
Professional services.......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

42
246
94
11
44

9
46
23
3
10

3.9

33
200
70
7
34

30
184
70
7
36

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
T o ta l................................................................................................

5.5

Mining.....................................................................................................

9.7

Construction.........................................................................................

10.3

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products.................................................
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2 ...........................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds............................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..........................

6.3
5.9
7.6
7.3
8.9
11.1
7.0
4.7
5.1
4.3
8.3
4.9
6.7
7.9
9.5
10.3
3.6
4.1
4.7
7.9

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

6.2

7.3

7.7

6.2

7.7

5.7

9.5

9.8

7.2

7.8

7.0

9.6

12.7

10.4

16.8

14.5

16.0

22.3

12.4

11.9

12.4

11.0

7.4

11.4

15.4

16.5

13.1

13.3

8.8

17.9

18.4

13.1

14.8

12.3

4.3
3.8
2.8
4.0
3.2
6.3
4.9
3.2
3.6
2.4

7.2
7.2
10.4
8.4
10.4
12.4
8.4
5.6
6.1
5.9
8.7

7.4
7.5
12.9
9.3
9.1
9.0
8.0
7.0
8.0
5.9
6.2

7.7
7.9
11.5
10.8
9.5
9.6
8.6
7.0
8.8
6.2
6.2

6.4
5.8

7.5
7.7
9.7
7.3
7.5
10.4
9.1
7.6
6.4
6.4
6.8

5.9
5.4
7.4
5.4
7.8
6.6
5.9
3.8
4.6
5.3
8.0

9.3
9.3
10.7
10.0
8.7
10.5
8.1
8.1
9.2
9.0
8.8

9.3
9.9
13.4

6.9
6.1
10.7
6.8
5.0
10.4
9.5
6.1
6.2
3.4
6.2

7.2
5.9
12.9

P)

P)

6.9
6.2
10.2
6.5
5.2
12.4
9.7
6.5
6.0
3.5
5.6

5.2
5.4
8.0
7.9
8.5
2.0
3.0
3.0
5.8

4.8
7.1
7.9
10.4
10.7
4.6
4.4
5.0
8.9

5.6
7.2
9.6
(3)
10.9
5.0
5.7
4.9
8.6

6.0
7.3
10.8

4.7
6.2
8.2
6.6
9.9
3.8
2.6
3.3
5.4

P)
9.3
11.3
8.4
11.8
2.7
5.9
7.2
6.6

4.4
8.6
13.1

2.5
9.7
12.0

4.8
8.3
13.4

P)
8.1
4.8
5.6
7.5
7.5

P)
P)
P)

P)

17.6
3.3
5.9
5.8
11.4

4.2
5.7
2.4

3.3
4.5
2.2

4.4
6.0
2.5

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e ................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

6.0
4.6
6.3

3.8
2.4
4.1

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households..........................................
Professional services.......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

2.4
4.7
2.9
1.9
2.8

1.9
3.4
2.6
1.9
2.2

(3)

P)

7.9
4.1
5.5
6.8
5.9
4.3
7.0
4.6
7.1
7.7

P)
6.0
16.4
14.1
11.7
6.9
6.2

P)

P)
4.4
8.9
4.4
7.5
2.5

11.5
4.4
5.7
5.1
8.2

9.8
7.6
5.6
4.3
9.9

8.3
7.4
9.2
6.8
11.6
3.4
4.0
4.9
7.1

5.7
7.6
2.9

6.4
8.5
3.4

4.2
5.7
2.0

5.3
6.7
3.5

4.0
4.9
2.9

6.2
7.8
3.6

6.9
8.7
4.6

4.9
6.5
2.8

5.4
7.7
2.8

4.7
6.1
2.8

6.8
5.4
7.2

7.5
5.1
8.1

8.1
5.2
8.8

6.3
4.8
6.6

8.4
5.5
9.1

6.5
4.3
7.0

9.8
4.5
11.0

10.5
7.7
11.3

7.8
5.7
8.3

7.8
4.8
8.4

7.8
6.0
8.2

2.6
5.2
3.0
1.9
3.0

3.6
6.3
4.2
2.9
4.3

3.8
6.6
4.2
3.0
4.2

3.2
5.4
4.0
2.6
4.3

3.5
6.6
4.5
3.4
4.9

2.6
4.9
3.3
2.6
3.4

4.0
7.8
4.8
3.5
4.8

4.6
8.7
6.5
5.0
7.5

4.5
6.6
4.3
4.4
3.9

5.3
6.4
4.4
5.4
4.1

4.2
6.6
4.3
4.2
3.8

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods.
3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See




P)
P)

P)

P)

P)
8.6
9.3

P)

6.2

P)
P)

7.5
4.3
5.3
6.1
7.5

appendix B.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding,

18

T a b le 6. C e n su s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : P e rce n t d is trib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d p riv a te n o n a g ric u ltu ra l w a g e a nd s a la ry w o rk e rs b y
in d u s try , sex, race, a n d H isp a n ic o rig in , 1986 a n n ua l a ve ra g e s — C o n tin u e d

Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

South

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

West

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

White—Continued
Textile mill products .....................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

0.7
1.7
1.0
2.6
1.9
.8

1.0
1.0
1.2
2.2
1.2
.9

0.6
1.9
.8
2.7
2.1
.7

0.1
.5
1.1
2.4
1.6
1.3

0.1
.4
1.3
2.4
1.7
1.4

0.1
.7
.6
2.5
1.3
1.0

1.6
1.8
.8
1.8
1.6
.7

2.7
1.6
.8
2.0
1.5
.7

1.3
4.3
1.2
1.7
2.0
1.2

0.1
.8
.5
1.5
1.5
.5

0.1
1.0
.4
1.8
.7
.6

0.1
.5
.2
1.6
.5
.3

0.2
1.1
.5
1.8
.8
.8

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

6.7
3.6
3.1

5.9
2.9
3.0

7.1
4.0
3.2

6.8
3.9
2.8

6.3
3.7
2.7

7.9
4.6
3.3

7.5
4.1
3.4

7.3
3.8
3.5

7.0
4.3
2.8

8.0
4.5
3.5

7.5
4.1
3.3

7.9
3.9
4.0

7.3
4.2
3.1

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e ................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

23.6
4.3
19.3

22.9
4.0
18.9

23.9
4.4
19.5

26.6
5.4
21.2

25.8
5.1
20.7

28.4
6.1
22.4

27.1
5.8
21.3

27.0
5.5
21.5

26.3
5.6
20.7

27.8
6.3
21.5

26.8
5.5
21.2

29.3
5.4
23.9

25.8
5.6
20.2

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ................................................
Services, excluding private households .........................................
Professional services ......................................................................
Educational services.....................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

9.4
27.0
17.1
3.1
8.2

8.9
25.9
17.2
3.4
8.6

9.6
27.5
17.1
3.1
8.1

7.4
24.2
15.6
2.2
8.7

7.2
23.6
15.1
2.2
8.3

7.9
25.4
16.8
2.2
9.6

8.6
24.0
14.3
1.7
6.9

8.6
25.4
14.9
1.9
6.9

6.4
21.4
13.8
1.7
7.7

9.7
23.3
13.6
1.5
6.3

8.4
26.7
14.6
1.7
7.1

8.1
28.0
14.6
1.3
7.2

8.5
26.2
14.6
1.8
7.0

1,399
100.0

177
100.0

1,222
100.0

1,352
100.0

1,101
100.0

251
100.0

4,187
100.0

2,537
100.0

701
100.0

949
100.0

620
100.0

106
100.0

514
100.0

Black
Total (in thousands)....................................................................
Percent...........................................................................................

P)

.1

P)

.1

P)

Mining....................................................................................................

.1

.7

.2

.4

2.3

.3

1.1

.2

Construction.........................................................................................

3.8

3.0

3.9

2.8

2.6

4.0

6.2

6.3

6.0

6.4

3.0

4.5

2.7

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ...................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1 ...........................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds............................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products .....................................................................
Apparel and other textile products............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

22.9
11.8
.2
.6
.5
.8
1.0
2.4
2.2
2.1
1.0

31.3
22.8
.2
.1
.1
.2
2.6
5.7
3.5
6.3
1.4

21.6
10.2
.2
.7
.5
.9
.8
2.0
2.0
1.5
1.0

29.0
20.2
.1
.6
.4
2.1
1.6
2.2
2.4
9.7
8.7

29.7
21.3
.1
.6
.5
2.4
1.7
2.3
2.2
10.3
9.8

25.9
15.4

31.7
12.4
2.1
1.2
1.1
.9
1.1
1.7
1.3
2.4
1.0

35.9
18.1
3.9
1.4
.9
1.6
1.9
2.5
2.9
2.8
1.4

20.2
10.1
1.9
.4
.7
.5
.9
1.4
2.3
1.8
.5

19.0
14.4
.2
.6
.8
.3
.7
2.2
2.7
5.7
.6

13.7
9.6

1.0
1.2
1.7
2.8
6.8
3.9

29.8
12.8
2.3
1.1
1.0
.9
1.2
1.7
1.8
2.4
1.0

.1
.1
.1
.3
2.4
3.3
2.7
.4

20.1
15.3
.2
.7
.9
.3
.8
2.2
2.6
6.3
.7

1.3
11.1
1.8
.7
2.3
.9
2.1
2.3
.6

3.0
8.5
1.2
.3
1.3
.6
1.3
1.7
1.1

1.1
11.5
1.9
.7
2.5
.9
2.2
2.4
.5

.8
8.8
3.0
.2
.5
1.0
1.9
1.4
.7

.7
8.5
2.9
.2
.5
.8
1.5
1.5
.8

1.1
10.5
3.5
.1
.1
1.7
3.4
.9
.4

.3
16.9
4.2
3.9
3.1
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.0

.4
19.3
3.9
5.5
3.8
1.3
1.5
1.6
1.0

.1
17.7
5.7
2.8
3.4
2.1
1.1
.9
1.1

.1
10.1
3.9
.2
.7
1.1
1.3
1.1
.7

.9
4.7
2.0

.2
4.1
2.2

1.0
4.8
2.0

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

9.0
4.6
4.4

7.7
3.6
4.1

9.2
4.7
4.5

8.5
4.8
3.7

8.8
4.9
3.9

7.3
4.7
2.6

8.0
4.7
3.3

7.8
4.5
3.3

7.2
4.3
2.9

8.9
5.3
3.6

12.1
7.3
4.9

11.7
10.7
1.0

12.2
6.5
5.7

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e ................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

17.1
3.1
13.9

15.4
1.9
13.5

17.3
3.3
14.0

21.7
2.6
19.1

21.3
2.9
18.5

23.3
1.7
21.6

24.5
3.8
20.7

22.9
3.5
19.4

23.7
3.8
19.9

29.1
4.3
24.8

22.3
3.9
18.3

22.0
4.9
17.2

22.3
3.7
18.6

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households.........................................
Professional services ......................................................................
Educational services.....................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals........................................

11.1
36.1
21.6
2.3
13.6

12.3
30.3
19.8
4.1
10.9

11.0
36.9
21.9
2.0
14.0

7.6
30.3
18.8
2.4
11.8

7.5
30.1
19.4
2.5
12.2

8.2
31.4
16.5
2.0
9.9

5.1
25.8
14.7
2.0
8.9

5.4
25.8
14.5
2.0
8.6

4.5
22.3
13.2
2.3
8.3

4.7
28.3
16.0
1.8
10.4

8.0
35.3
19.9
2.1
11.0

4.9
42.1
15.5
1.6
9.5

8.6
33.9
20.9
2.2
11.3

933
100.0

98
100.0

835
100.0

438
100.0

376
100.0

62
100.0

1,794
100.0

586
100.0

f2)

1,193
100.0

2,318
100.0

475
100.0

1,843
100.0

P)

P)

P)

.1

.1

2.3

.1

P)

3.4

.8

2.6

.3

P)
.4

P)

P)
.2
.7
.6
.5
.2

P)

P)
P)
1.0
.5
.1

P)

P)
.3
.7
.6
.6
.2

Hispanic origin
Total (in thousands)....................................................................
Percent...........................................................................................
Mining.....................................................................................................

P)

Construction.........................................................................................

3.9

4.2

3.9

3.5

3.3

5.1

10.1

7.9

I2)

11.3

8.5

12.5

7.4

Manufacturing......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................

33.7
14.4
.3

45.9
27.8
.2

32.2
12.8
.3

41.3
26.4
.7

42.5
27.8
.7

34.4
17.8
.7

20.1
10.3
.5

18.2
8.7
.4

P)
f2)
P)

20.9
11.1
.6

33.5
19.3
.7

17.9
10.1
.6

37.5
21.7
.8

S ee footnotes at end of table.




19

T a b le 6. C e n su s re g io n s a n d d iv is io n s : P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d p riv a te n o n a g ric u ltu ra l w a g e a n d s a la ry w o rk e rs b y
in d u s try , se x, race , a n d H isp a n ic o rig in , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s

Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

TOTAL
Total (in thousands)..................................................................... 17,931
Percent............................................................................................ 100.0
Mining.....................................................................................................

.3

5,088
100.0

12,844
100.0

20,240
100.0

14,453
100.0

5,787
100.0

26,737
100.0

13,893
100.0

4,547
100.0

8,297
100.0

15,846
100.0

4,084
100.0

11,762
100.0

.1

.4

.6

.5

.7

2.0

.7

1.6

4.4

1.0

2.4

.5

Construction.........................................................................................

6.0

6.1

6.0

5.2

4.9

5.8

7.9

8.4

6.7

7.7

7.2

9.1

6.5

Manufacturing......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products.................................................
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1 ............................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds............................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..........................

26.4
15.6
.4
.5
.8
1.1
1.5
3.7
3.1
2.1
.7

30.3
20.9
.5
.5
.6
.8
2.2
5.2
4.5
3.3
.3

24.8
13.6
.3
.5
.8
1.2
1.3
3.1
2.5
1.6
.8

29.2
19.1
.5
.8
.7
1.6
2.3
4.1
2.6
5.1
4.1

31.2
21.3
.6
.9
.8
1.9
2.6
4.3
2.8
6.1
5.3

24.0
13.6
.4
.5
.7
.6
1.4
3.5
2.3
2.7
1.1

23.5
11.9
1.1
1.0
.8
.7
1.2
2.0
2.1
2.1
.7

23.8
11.0
1.0
1.1
.7
.6
1.1
1.8
1.9
2.0
.6

31.0
16.2
2.0
1.7
1.0
1.3
1.7
2.4
2.6
2.7
1.6

19.0
10.9
.7
.4
.8
.6
1.2
2.3
2.2
2.0
.5

22.2
15.2
1.1
.6
.7
.5
1.2
2.7
3.1
3.9
.4

15.2
10.2
.7
.5
.8
.4
.9
2.0
2.1
1.5
.2

24.6
17.0
1.2
.7
.6
.5
1.3
2.9
3.4
4.7
.5

1.8
10.7
1.5
.7
1.8
.9
2.5
1.9
.7

2.1
9.4
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.2
2.2
1.2
.9

1.7
11.3
1.7
.7
2.2
.8
2.6
2.2
.7

.9
10.0
2.7
.1
.5
1.1
2.4
1.6
1.3

.9
9.9
2.3
.1
.4
1.3
2.3
1.7
1.4

1.0
10.4
3.7
.1
.7
.6
2.6
1.3
.9

.5
11.7
2.1
2.0
2.0
.9
1.7
1.5
.7

.5
12.7
1.9
3.2
2.1
.9
1.9
1.5
.7

.5
14.8
2.5
1.6
4.1
1.3
1.6
1.8
1.2

.4
8.1
2.2
.1
.8
.6
1.5
1.5
.5

1.1
6.9
2.0
.1
1.1
.5
1.7
.7
.6

.8
5.1
1.7
.1
.5
.2
1.6
.5
.3

1.2
7.6
2.1
.2
1.3
.5
1.7
.8
.7

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities...................................

6.9
3.7
3.2

5.9
2.9
3.0

7.3
4.0
3.3

6.9
4.0
2.9

6.5
3.7
2.7

7.8
4.6
3.2

7.5
4.2
3.3

7.3
3.9
3.4

7.0
4.3
2.8

8.0
4.5
3.5

7.6
4.3
3.4

8.0
4.0
3.9

7.5
4.3
3.2

Wholesale and retail tra d e ................................................................
Wholesale tra d e................................................................................
Retail tra d e ........................................................................................

23.1
4.2
18.9

22.6
3.9
18.7

23.3
4.3
19.0

26.2
5.2
21.1

25.5
4.9
20.6

28.2
5.8
22.4

26.7
5.4
21.3

26.3
5.1
21.2

25.9
5.3
20.6

27.9
6.0
21.9

26.6
5.4
21.2

29.0
5.3
23.7

25.8
5.4
20.3

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households..........................................
Professional services.......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

9.5
27.8
17.5
3.1
8.7

9.0
26.1
17.3
3.4
8.7

9.6
28.4
17.6
3.0
8.7

7.4
24.6
15.9
2.2
8.9

7.2
24.2
15.5
2.2
8.6

7.9
25.7
16.8
2.2
9.6

8.0
24.3
14.4
1.7
7.2

8.0
25.5
14.8
1.9
7.2

6.1
21.6
13.8
1.8
7.8

9.1
23.9
13.9
1.5
6.9

8.4
27.0
14.7
1.6
7.2

7.9
28.4
14.5
1.3
7.2

8.6
26.5
14.8
1.7
7.2

Total (in thousands).....................................................................
Percent...........................................................................................

9,868
100.0

2,724
100.0

7,144
100.0

11,303
100.0

8,163
100.0

3,140
100.0

14,990
100.0

7,699
100.0

2,555
100.0

4,735
100.0

8,947
100.0

2,283
100.0

6,664
100.0

Mining.....................................................................................................

.5

.1

.6

.9

.8

1.1

3.0

1.2

2.8

6.0

1.5

3.7

.7

Men

Construction.........................................................................................

10.0

10.3

9.9

8.5

8.0

9.7

12.8

13.8

10.9

12.3

11.4

14.8

10.3

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products ................................ ,...............
Primary metal industries...............................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................................
Machinery, except electrical........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1 ............................................................................................
Nondurable goo ds............................................................................
Food and kindred products.........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products............................................................
Printing and publishing.................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..........................

31.5
20.6
.6
.7
1.0
1.7
2.2
5.0
3.5
3.1
1.0

37.2
27.1
.8
.6
.9
1.3
3.0
7.0
5.1
5.0
.5

29.3
18.1
.5
.7
1.1
1.9
1.9
4.2
2.9
2.4
1.2

37.2
25.8
.8
1.0
1.0
2.4
3.1
5.9
2.9
7.3
5.9

40.0
28.8
.8
1.1
1.0
3.0
3.4
6.3
3.0
8.7
7.6

29.8
18.0
.6
.7
1.1
.9
2.1
4.9
2.5
3.8
1.7

27.4
15.5
1.7
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.7
2.7
2.3
3.0
.9

27.1
14.5
1.6
1.3
1.1
.9
1.4
2.4
2.0
3.0
.8

35.9
21.7
3.2
1.9
1.4
2.0
2.3
3.2
3.0
3.8
2.1

23.4
13.8
1.1
.5
1.1
.9
1.7
3.0
2.3
2.6
.5

27.1
19.6
1.6
.9
.9
.8
1.8
3.5
3.3
5.2
.6

18.7
13.2
1.2
.7
1.1
.7
1.4
2.6
2.2
2.0
.2

30.0
21.8
1.8
.9
.9
.8
1.9
3.8
3.7
6.2
.7

2.1
10.9
1.9
.7
.9
1.2
2.6
2.1
.9

2.3
10.1
1.4
1.0
.5
1.6
2.2
1.4
1.1

2.0
11.2
2.1
.6
1.0
1.0
2.7
2.4
.8

.9
11.4
3.4
.1
.3
1.4
2.4
1.9
1.4

.9
11.3
2.8
.1
.3
1.7
2.3
2.1
1.5

.9
11.8
5.0
.1
.2
.7
2.6
1.5
1.0

.4
11.9
2.5
1.9
.7
1.3
1.7
2.1
.9

.5
12.6
2.2
3.2
.7
1.3
1.9
1.9
.8

.4
14.2
3.0
1.2
1.5
2.0
1.5
2.5
1.5

.4
9.6
2.8
.1
.2
.9
1.5
2.2
.7

1.1
7.6
2.4
.2
.7
.6
1.7
.9
.7

.8
5.5
1.9
.1
.4
.3
1.6
.6
.3

1.2
8.3
2.5
.2
.8
.7
1.7
.9
.9

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

8.8
5.0
3.8

7.0
3.7
3.4

9.4
5.5
3.9

9.0
5.5
3.5

8.4
5.1
3.3

10.6
6.6
4.0

9.8
5.9
3.8

9.4
5.5
3.9

9.5
6.5
3.0

10.4
6.3
4.1

9.1
5.4
3.7

9.8
5.2
4.6

8.9
5.5
3.4

Wholesale and retail tra d e .................................................................

22.0

21.1

22.3

24.0

22.6

27.4

24.9

25.0

23.5

25.6

25.0

26.6

24.4

S ee footnotes at end of table.




20

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

East
West
South
South
Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Men—Continued
Wholesale trade........................................................................
Retail tra d e ................................................................................

5.2
16.7

5.1
16.1

5.3
17.0

6.6
17.3

6.1
16.5

8.0
19.5

6.9
18.0

6.5
18.4

6.8
16.7

7.6
18.1

6.7
18.2

6.8
19.8

6.7
17.7

Finance, insurance, and real estate ...........................................
Services, excluding private households ......................................
Professional services ................................................................
Educational services...............................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.....................................

7.2
20.1
10.2
2.4
3.3

6.0
18.3
9.8
2.7
3.0

7.7
20.8
10.3
2.2
3.4

4.7
15.8
7.9
1.5
2.7

4.4
15.8
7.9
1.5
2.7

5.5
15.8
7.8
1.5
2.5

5.3
16.8
7.4
1.1
2.4

5.5
18.0
7.9
1.2
2.4

3.9
13.5
6.7
1.0
2.4

5.9
16.6
7.1
.8
2.3

5.5
20.4
8.5
1.1
2.7

5.5
21.0
8.1
.9
2.7

5.5
20.2
8.6
1.2
2.8

8,063
100.0

2,363
100.0

5,700
100.0

8,936
100.0

6,290
100.0

2,646
100.0

11,747
100.0

6,194
100.0

1,991
100.0

3,562
100.0

6,899
100.0

1,802
100.0

5,097
100.0

Women
Total (in thousands)..............................................................
Percent...................................................................................
Mining...........................................................................................

.1

.1

.2

.2

.2

.8

.1

.1

2.3

.3

.8

.2

Construction.................................................................................

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.0

.9

1.1

1.7

1.7

1.3

1.7

1.7

2.0

1.6

Manufacturing ..............................................................................
Durable goods...........................................................................
Lumber and wood products ...................................................
Furniture and fixtures .............................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products ............................................
Primary metal industries.........................................................
Fabricated metal products......................................................
Machinery, except electrical...................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies......................
Transportation equipment......................................................
Motor vehicles......................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1 ...................................................................................
Nondurable goods.....................................................................
Food and kindred products....................................................
Textile mill products ...............................................................
Apparel and other textile products........................................
Paper and allied products......................................................
Printing and publishing...........................................................
Chemicals and allied products...............................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ........................

20.1
9.6
.1
.3
.5
.3
.7
2.0
2.6
.8
.2

22.3
13.7
.2
.3
.3
.4
1.2
3.0
3.8
1.4
.2

19.2
7.9
.1
.3
.5
.3
.5
1.6
2.1
.5
.3

19.0
10.7
.2
.6
.4
.5
1.3
1.8
2.3
2.3
1.7

19.8
11.7
.2
.7
.5
.6
1.6
1.8
2.4
2.7
2.3

17.0
8.3
.2
.4
.2
.3
.6
1.8
2.0
1.4
.3

18.5
7.2
.3
.8
.3
.2
.7
1.1
2.0
1.0
.5

19.6
6.7
.3
1.0
.2
.2
.6
1.0
1.9
.8
.3

24.8
9.3
.5
1.3
.5
.4
1.0
1.3
2.2
1.4
1.0

13.2
7.0
.2
.2
.4
.2
.6
1.3
2.0
1.2
.4

15.7
9.6
.3
.3
.3
.1
.5
1.6
2.8
2.2
.2

10.8
6.3
.2
.2
.4
.1
.3
1.3
2.0
.9
.1

17.4
10.7
.4
.4
.3
.1
.6
1.7
3.0
2.6
.3

1.4
10.5
1.0
.8
3.0
.6
2.5
1.7
.5

1.8
8.6
.7
.9
1.7
.7
2.1
1.0
.6

1.3
11.3
1.1
.7
3.6
.6
2.6
1.9
.5

.9
8.3
1.8
.1
.8
.6
2.4
1.2
1.1

.9
8.1
1.6
.1
.6
.7
2.3
1.3
1.2

1.1
8.7
2.2
.1
1.2
.5
2.6
.9
.8

.5
11.3
1.6
2.1
3.8
.4
1.7
.8
.5

.5
12.9
1.6
3.4
3.8
.4
1.8
1.0
.6

.6
15.5
1.8
1.9
7.5
.5
1.8
.9
.7

.5
6.2
1.5
.1
1.6
.3
1.5
.5
.3

1.0
6.1
1.5
.1
1.6
.2
1.7
.5
.4

.6
4.6
1.5
(3)
.6
.2
1.5
.3
.3

1.1
6.7
1.5
.1
1.9
.2
1.7
.6
.5

Transportation, communications, and public utilities..................
Transportation...........................................................................
Communications and other public utilities................................

4.6
2.1
2.5

4.5
2.0
2.6

4.7
2.2
2.5

4.2
2.1
2.1

4.0
2.0
2.0

4.5
2.2
2.3

4.6
1.9
2.7

4.7
1.9
2.8

3.8
1.4
2.4

4.9
2.1
2.8

5.7
2.8
2.9

5.7
2.6
3.1

5.7
2.9
2.9

Wholesale and retail tra d e ..........................................................
Wholesale trade........................................................................
Retail tra d e ................................................................................

24.5
2.9
21.6

24.3
2.5
21.8

24.6
3.1
21.5

29.1
3.3
25.8

29.1
3.3
25.8

29.1
3.3
25.8

29.1
3.5
25.5

28.0
3.3
24.7

29.1
3.4
25.7

30.9
4.0
26.9

28.7
3.7
25.1

32.1
3.3
28.8

27.5
3.8
23.8

Finance, insurance, and real estate ...........................................
Services, excluding private households......................................
Professional services ................................................................
Educational services...............................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.....................................

12.4
37.2
26.5
4.0
15.3

12.5
35.1
25.9
4.3
15.3

12.3
38.0
26.7
3.8
15.3

10.7
35.8
26.1
3.0
16.8

10.7
35.2
25.5
3.1
16.3

10.6
37.4
27.6
3.0
17.9

11.4
34.0
23.2
2.6
13.4

11.0
34.9
23.5
2.7
13.3

8.9
31.9
22.8
2.7
14.8

13.3
33.6
23.0
2.4
12.9

12.2
35.6
22.9
2.3
13.1

11.0
37.7
22.7
1.9
13.1

12.6
34.8
22.9
2.5
13.1

Total (in thousands).............................................................. 16,161
Percent................................................................................... 100.0

4,853
100.0

11,308
100.0

18,618
100.0

13,147
100.0

5,471
100.0

22,127
100.0

11,152
100.0

3,827
100.0

7,147
100.0

13,993
100.0

3,870
100.0

10,123
100.0

(*)

White

Mining...........................................................................................

.3

.1

.4

.6

.6

.7

2.2

.8

1.9

4.7

1.1

2.4

.5

Construction .................................................................................

6.3

6.2

6.3

5.4

5.2

5.9

8.3

9.0

6.9

8.0

7.7

9.2

7.1

Manufacturing ..............................................................................
Durable goods...........................................................................
Lumber and wood products ...................................................
Furniture and fixtures .............................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products ............................................
Primary metal industries.........................................................
Fabricated metal products......................................................
Machinery, except electrical...................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies......................
Transportation equipment.......................................................
Motor vehicles......................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1...................................................................................
Nondurable g oods.....................................................................
Food and kindred products....................................................

26.6
16.0
.4
.5
.8
1.1
1.6
3.8
3.1
2.1
.7

30.2
20.7
.5
.5
.6
.9
2.1
5.1
4.5
3.2
.3

25.1
14.0
.4
.5
.9
1.2
1.3
3.2
2.6
1.6
.8

29.1
19.0
.5
.9
.8
1.5
2.3
4.2
2.6
4.8
3.7

31.3
21.4
.6
1.0
.8
1.9
2.7
4.5
2.8
5.7
4.9

23.8
13.5
.4
.5
.7
.6
1.5
3.6
2.2
2.5
1.0

22.3
11.6
.9
1.0
.7
.7
1.2
2.1
2.2
2.1
.7

21.9
10.7
.8
1.1
.6
.5
1.1
1.8
2.1
1.9
.5

30.2
15.9
1.6
1.7
1.0
1.2
1.7
2.4
2.6
2.7
1.7

18.6
10.8
.6
.4
.8
.6
1.2
2.3
2.2
2.0
.5

22.0
15.0
1.1
.7
.7
.5
1.3
2.6
2.8
3.8
.4

15.0
10.0
.8
.5
.8
.4
.9
2.0
2.0
1.5
.1

24.6
16.9
1.3
.7
.6
.6
1.4
2.9
3.1
4.7
.5

1.8
10.6
1.5

2.0
9.4
1.1

1.7
11.1
1.7

.9
10.1
2.7

.9
10.0
2.3

1.0
10.4
3.8

.5
10.7
1.7

.5
11.3
1.5

.5
14.3
1.9

.5
7.8
2.0

1.1
7.0
2.0

.8
5.1
1.7

1.2
7.7
2.1

S ee footnotes at end of table.




21

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

South

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Hispanic origin—Continued
Furniture and fixtures .............................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products............................................
Primary metal industries..........................................................
Fabricated metal products......................................................
Machinery, except electrical...................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies......................
Transportation equipment.......................................................
Motor vehicles......................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1...................................................................................
Nondurable goods.....................................................................
Food and kindred products....................................................
Textile mill products ...............................................................
Apparel and other textile products.........................................
Paper and allied products.......................................................
Printing and publishing............................................................
Chemicals and allied products...............................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ........................

1.2
.5
.8
1.8
2.0
3.4
1.3
.3

1.3
.7
.8
3.5
4.1
8.7
3.7
.1

1.2
.5
.7
1.6
1.7
2.8
1.0
.3

0.6
1.0
5.2
4.7
3.2
3.8
5.2
4.6

0.6
1.2
5.9
5.3
2.2
4.3
5.4
5.1

0.8
(3)
.8
1.0
9.5
.6
4.0
1.4

0.9
1.0
.7
1.4
1.6
1.9
1.3
.3

1.1
.1
.1
1.2
1.3
1.8
1.5
.4

ft
ft
ft
(2)
ft
ft
ft
ft

0.7
1.4
1.0
1.4
1.7
2.0
1.3
.3

1.9
1.0
.9
2.7
2.6
3.3
4.3
1.2

0.7
1.2
.6
.9
1.5
2.6
1.1
.2

2.1
1.0
1.0
3.2
2.9
3.5
5.1
1.5

1.5
19.3
2.2
2.5
7.6
1.2
2.0
1.6
1.3

3.3
18.1
3.6
.3
3.8
1.2
2.2
1.6
2.5

1.3
19.4
2.0
2.8
8.0
1.2
2.0
1.6
1.1

1.3
15.0
5.4
.4
1.0
2.2
2.0
1.2
2.5

1.5
14.7
5.0
.5
1.2
2.5
1.9
1.1
2.2

.4
16.6
7.7
(3)
.3
ft
2.8
1.5
4.4

.7
9.8
2.9
.5
2.6
.2
1.6
1.2
.4

.7
9.5
1.8
.9
2.5
.1
1.9
.9
.7

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

.8
9.8
3.4
.3
2.6
.2
1.4
1.2
.3

1.1
14.1
3.7
.3
3.9
.7
1.4
1.2
2.4

.8
7.8
2.7
.2
1.4
.4
.9
.7
1.0

1.2
15.7
4.0
.4
4.6
.7
1.6
1.3
2.8

Transportation, communications, and public utilities..................
Transportation............................................................................
Communications and other public utilities................................

5.3
4.0
1.3

4.7
1.9
2.8

5.4
4.3
1.1

5.3
3.1
2.1

4.8
2.9
2.0

7.8
4.6
3.2

7.0
4.6
2.4

7.4
5.3
2.1

ft
ft
ft

6.9
4.3
2.6

5.4
3.4
2.0

4.9
2.6
2.3

5.5
3.6
1.9

Wholesale and retail tra d e ...........................................................
Wholesale trade.........................................................................
Retail tra d e ................................................................................

20.8
3.6
17.3

20.8
1.3
19.5

20.8
3.8
17.0

23.9
3.4
20.5

23.1
2.6
20.4

28.9
8.1
20.9

29.5
6.0
23.5

30.8
7.3
23.5

ft
ft
ft

28.9
5.3
23.6

25.7
5.0
20.7

31.7
4.9
26.7

24.2
5.1
19.1

Finance, insurance, and real estate ...........................................
Services, excluding private households......................................
Professional services................................................................
Educational services...............................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.....................................

10.3
26.0
13.2
2.4
6.0

5.9
18.5
12.2
2.8
5.6

10.8
26.9
13.3
2.3
6.0

5.5
20.4
10.2
2.1
4.4

5.5
20.7
9.9
1.8
4.3

5.6
18.2
12.0
4.0
4.8

6.9
24.1
12.0
1.4
6.5

6.9
28.8
13.8
1.5
7.7

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

6.9
21.7
11.0
1.3
5.9

4.8
21.5
9.2
.8
5.3

4.9
25.5
11.5
.8
7.1

4.7
20.4
8.6
.8
4.8

NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because
data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both
the white and black population groups.

1 Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
3 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.




22

Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1986 annual
averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Average hours

Hours of work
Population group and area

Total at
work

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

TOTAL

Northeast....................................
New England ...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

22,023
6,082
15,941

1,043
313
730

2,728
790
1,938

1,477
477
1,001

16,774
4,502
12,272

2,200
471
1,729

9,004
2,321
6,683

2,051
661
1,390

3,518
1,049
2,469

38.5
38.5
38.5

43.9
44.4
43.7

M idwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

25,728
17,784
7,945

1,510
994
516

3,302
2,240
1,062

1,860
1,248
612

19,056
13,301
5,754

1,547
1,084
463

9,691
6,901
2,790

2,852
2,024
828

4,965
3,292
1,673

39.1
39.0
39.2

45.4
45.1
46.3

S outh..........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

34,982
17,952
6,010
11,019

1,588
743
286
559

3,908
1,965
705
1,238

2,552
1,289
460
803

26,933
13,954
4,560
8,420

2,217
1,156
431
630

14,473
7,519
2,498
4,456

3,786
1,971
615
1,200

6,457
3,307
1,016
2,133

39.5
39.7
39.0
39.6

44.9
44.7
44.5
45.2

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific......................................

21,164
5,598
15,566

1,090
335
755

2,519
701
1,818

1,654
434
1,220

15,901
4,128
11,773

1,041
293
748

9,057
2,206
6,851

2,085
561
1,524

3,718
1,069
2,650

38.9
39.0
38.9

44.7
45.3
44.4

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

12,248
3,302
8,946

347
103
244

883
244
639

609
188
421

10,410
2,767
7,643

793
159
634

5,420
1,341
4,079

1,409
449
960

2,788
818
1,970

41.8
42.0
41.7

45.3
45.9
45.0

Midwest......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

14,431
10,012
4,420

566
361
204

1,194
810
384

763
511
252

11,908
8,329
3,579

569
392
177

5,558
3,979
1,579

1,890
1,363
527

3,891
2,595
1,296

42.4
42.3
42.8

47.0
46.5
48.0

S o u th ..........................................
South Atlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

19,448
9,854
3,360
6,234

633
287
121
225

1,588
771
288
529

1,095
530
197
369

16,131
8,266
2,755
5,111

789
392
141
256

8,043
4,154
1,416
2,472

2,353
1,204
400
749

4,947
2,515
798
1,634

42.2
42.3
41.7
42.2

46.3
46.2
46.1
46.8

West ...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific......................................

11,958
3,137
8,821

403
121
281

966
280
685

731
190
542

9,858
2,546
7,312

448
123
325

5,229
1,259
3,969

1,370
358
1,012

2,811
806
2,005

41.6
41.9
41.5

45.8
46.6
45.5

Northeast....................................
New England ...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

9,774
2,780
6,994

696
210
486

1,846
546
1,299

868
288
579

6,364
1,735
4,629

1,408
313
1,095

3,584
980
2,604

642
212
430

730
231
499

34.4
34.3
34.5

41.6
42.1
41.4

Midwest......................................
East North Central...................
West North Central..................

11,297
7,772
3,525

944
633
312

2,108
1,431
678

1,097
737
360

7,147
4,972
2,175

978
692
286

4,133
2,923
1,211

961
661
301

1,075
697
377

34.7
34.8
34.7

42.8
42.6
43.4

S o u th ..........................................
South Atlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

15,533
8,098
2,650
4,785

955
456
164
334

2,320
1,194
417
709

1,457
760
263
434

10,802
5,688
1,805
3,309

1,429
764
290
375

6,430
3,365
1,081
1,984

1,433
767
215
451

1,510
792
219
499

36.3
36.5
35.7
36.2

42.6
42.7
42.2
42.9

West ...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

9,206
2,461
6,745

687
214
473

1,553
421
1,133

923
245
678

6,043
1,582
4,461

593
171
422

3,828
946
2,882

714
203
512

907
262
645

35.4
35.2
35,5

42.8
43.2
42.7

Northeast....................................
New England ...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

1,314
430
883

304
97
207

482
158
324

99
35
64

428
140
289

79
20
59

257
84
173

46
20
26

46
15
31

25.0
25.3
24.9

41.3
41.6
41.1

Midwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

1,743
1,192
550

427
284
143

644
443
201

169
118
51

503
347
156

95
70
25

263
180
83

72
50
22

73
47
26

24.8
24.9
24.5

42.5
42.3
43.2

S ou th ..........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

1,993
1,037
334
622

365
182
55
128

716
375
118
223

203
101
41
61

709
379
119
210

129
63
21
44

401
220
73
109

94
50
15
29

85
46
11
28

26.9
27.1
27.1
26.3

41.9
41.9
41.2
42.4

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

1,209
370
839

262
82
179

431
131
301

128
37
92

387
120
267

61
21
40

241
70
170

39
12
27

46
17
29

25.7
25.6
25.7

41.8
42.0
41.7

Men

Women

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

S ee footnotes at end of table.




23

Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and area

Total at
work

Average hours

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

W h ite

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

19,772
5,798
13,974

981
304
677

2,506
758
1,748

1,349
454
895

14,936
4,281
10,655

1,874
443
1,430

7,848
2,183
5,665

1,911
640
1,270

3,304
1,014
2,290

38.5
38.5
38.6

44.1
44.5
44.0

Midwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

23,631
16,104
7,527

1,418
924
494

3,050
2,047
1,003

1,706
1,129
577

17,457
12,004
5,453

1,426
986
441

8,582
6,002
2,580

2,700
1,901
799

4,748
3,115
1,633

39.2
39.1
39.4

45.7
45.3
46.5

S ou th ...........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

28,646
14,212
5,009
9,425

1,280
583
231
465

3,125
1,518
574
1,033

2,013
974
369
670

22,228
11,137
3,835
7,256

1,733
875
342
517

11,386
5,664
2,028
3,694

3,284
1,664
542
1,078

5,825
2,935
923
1,967

40.0
40.2
39.5
40.0

45.3
45.2
44.9
45.6

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

18,624
5,286
13,338

986
324
663

2,240
664
1,575

1,457
405
1,052

13,941
3,894
10,047

927
278
649

7,723
2,047
5,676

1,896
538
1,358

3,395
1,031
2,364

39.0
39.0
39.0

44.9
45.5
44.6

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

1,816
217
1,599

47
5
42

188
25
163

110
18
92

1,471
168
1,303

270
23
248

953
105
847

103
17
87

144
23
121

37.8
38.0
37.7

41.3
42.3
41.2

M idwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

1,742
1,418
323

72
58
14

207
165
43

130
103
27

1,332
1,093
239

103
85
18

947
779
168

123
101
22

159
128
31

37.5
37.6
37.1

42.3
42.3
42.3

S outh...........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

5,784
3,480
974
1,331

284
150
53
80

724
418
130
176

499
296
90
114

4,277
2,616
700
961

451
265
88
97

2,837
1,742
461
634

455
284
70
101

534
325
80
129

37.2
37.6
36.4
36.8

42.5
42.6
42.0
42.7

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

888
144
744

25
5
20

91
17
74

67
13
54

705
110
595

41
6
35

510
80
430

54
9
45

101
15
86

38.8
38.0
39.0

42.9
42.6
42.9

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

1,076
109
967

24
1
23

111
14
96

60
6
54

881
87
794

159
7
152

553
61
492

62
6
56

108
13
95

38.3
38.7
38.3

41.7
42.6
41.6

Midwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North C entral..................

482
402
81

15
11
4

51
41
10

35
28
7

382
322
61

35
31
4

259
221
38

38
30
8

50
40
10

38.1
38.2
37.6

42.1
42.0
42.7

S outh...........................................
South Atlantic..........................
West South Central .................

2,320
725
1,577

101
22
78

296
85
208

186
50
134

1,737
568
1,157

148
43
103

1,068
359
704

210
62
146

311
105
204

38.2
39.0
37.9

43.6
43.5
43.7

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

3,011
650
2,362

112
33
78

328
82
246

222
52
170

2,350
483
1,867

154
39
114

1,626
306
1,320

268
56
212

303
82
221

38.2
37.9
38.2

42.6
43.4
42.4

B lack

H ispa nic origin

1 Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “ other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

24

Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours,
and usual status, 1986 annual averages
(In thousands)
Usually work full time

Population group and area
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termi­
shortages
nated

Holiday

Usually work part time

Own
illness

Bad
weather

On
vacation

Other1

Total

Slack
Does not Full-time
work or
want full­ work less
could find
time
than 35
only partwork2
hours
time work

Other

TOTAL

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

1,444
431
1,013

186
41
145

38
9
29

325
132
194

74
17
57

283
82
201

259
78
182

279
73
206

3,804
1,149
2,655

591
131
461

2,775
936
1,839

283
40
243

154
42
112

M idwest......................................
East North C entral...................
West North C entral..................

1,709
1,129
581

299
193
106

64
43
21

113
76
37

123
68
55

336
234
103

376
247
129

399
267
131

4,964
3,354
1,610

1,053
717
336

3,341
2,230
1,111

375
280
95

195
127
69

S o u th ..........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

2,712
1,362
493
857

589
261
119
210

115
57
21
36

222
129
29
64

245
99
60
85

532
278
93
160

427
225
72
130

582
312
99
171

5,336
2,636
957
1,743

1,346
542
288
516

3,124
1,644
504
976

599
326
102
171

268
124
64
80

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific......................................

1,581
427
1,154

321
89
232

65
22
43

206
44
163

69
19
50

298
78
220

288
83
205

334
92
241

3,682
1,043
2,638

840
264
576

2,384
685
1,699

298
50
249

159
44
115

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

727
215
513

107
22
85

23
6
18

152
65
87

61
15
47

124
38
86

140
40
100

120
30
90

1,111
320
791

226
49
177

725
241
485

85
12
72

75
19
57

Midwest......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

924
609
315

175
114
61

36
23
13

53
33
20

108
60
47

155
112
43

209
139
70

188
129
59

1,599
1,073
526

398
273
125

1,003
665
338

99
74
25

99
60
38

S o u th ..........................................
South Atlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

1,448
692
264
493

361
148
69
144

67
32
12
24

102
56
14
32

209
89
47
74

230
119
43
69

224
115
36
73

255
134
43
78

1,869
897
342
630

562
210
117
234

1,016
549
156
311

157
80
32
46

133
57
36
39

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
P acific......................................

659
235
623

208
57
150

35
11
24

101
21
79

61
17
44

135
32
103

162
50
111

157
47
111

1,241
356
886

354
105
249

721
214
507

93
15
79

73
22
51

Northeast....................................
New England ...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

717
216
501

78
19
60

15
3
12

174
67
107

13
3
10

159
44
115

119
38
82

159
43
116

2,693
828
1,864

365
82
283

2,050
696
1,355

198
27
171

79
24
55

M idwest......................................
East North Central...................
West North Central..................

785
519
266

124
79
44

28
20
7

60
43
16

15
8
8

181
122
59

167
108
59

211
139
72

3,365
2,281
1,084

655
444
211

2,338
1,565
773

276
206
70

96
66
30

S o u th ..........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

1,264
670
229
364

228
112
50
66

48
25
10
13

121
74
15
32

35
10
13
12

302
160
50
92

203
110
36
56

327
178
56
93

3,468
1,740
616
1,112

784
331
170
282

2,108
1,096
348
665

441
246
70
125

135
67
27
41

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
Pacific.......................................

723
191
531

113
32
82

30
10
19

106
22
83

8
2
6

163
46
117

127
33
94

176
46
130

2,440
688
1,753

486
159
327

1,663
472
1,191

205
35
170

86
22
64

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

1,301
409
893

166
40
126

35
8
26

288
125
164

68
16
52

250
77
173

244
74
170

250
69
181

3,535
1,108
2,427

520
122
398

2,619
907
1,713

252
38
213

144
41
103

Midwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North C entral..................

1,556
1,010
546

268
170
99

59
39
20

100
66
33

114
64
50

297
201
96

358
234
124

360
237
123

4,618
3,090
1,529

919
612
308

3,181
2,108
1,073

340
256
84

179
114
64

S ou th ..........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

2,140
1,013
404
723

428
171
90
167

95
43
18
33

167
90
25
53

191
70
47
74

414
205
76
133

374
193
63
118

471
240
86
145

4,277
2,063
770
1,445

894
331
187
375

2,697
1,386
445
866

474
250
85
140

212
95
53
63

W e s t...........................................
Mountain...................................
P acific.......................................

1,381
397
985

290
84
206

59
20
39

159
40
119

61
17
44

254
69
184

261
80
181

298
86
212

3,303
996
2,306

727
245
481

2,168
663
1,505

262
45
217

145
42
103

Men

Women

White

S ee footnotes at end of table.




25

Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours,
and usual status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Usually work part time

Usually work full time

Population group and area
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
termi­
material
shortages
nated

Holiday

Own
illness

Bad
weather

On
vacation

Other1

Total

Slack
Does not Full-time
work or
want full­ work less
could find
time
than 35
only partwork2
hours
time work

Other

Black

Northeast....................................
New England...........................
Middle Atlantic.........................

124
(3)
105

17
(3)
15

M idwest.......................................
East North C entral...................
West North Central..................

133
106
(3)

27
21
(3)

S o u th ...........................................
South A tlantic..........................
East South Central...................
West South Central .................

534
331
88
115

W e s t...........................................
Pacific.......................................

64
52

2

3
O’)
2

31
O’)
26

4

25

14
O’)
11

25
O’)
22

221
30
191

64
8
56

119
20
99

28
1
28

10
1
9

8
3

34
29
O’)

14
11
(3)

33
28
O’)

276
220
56

120
97
23

112
91
21

30
22
8

13
10
3

5

29

P)

ft

5
4

13
10
O')

150
86
28
36

19
14
4
2

50
36
4
9

52
28
14
10

110
69
17
24

46
28
9
9

107
70
12
25

973
532
185
255

427
202
99
125

376
230
58
88

117
73
17
28

52
27
11
14

10
8

2
2

13
12

1
1

15
10

8
7

15
12

118
97

44
36

57
47

11
9

6
5

O’)

O’)

standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.

Includes industrial disputes.
Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work.

3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication




26

Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason not at work, 1986 annual averages
(In thousands)
Reason not at work
Population group and area

Total
Vacation

Illness

Bad weather

Other'

TOTAL

Northeast.......................................................................................
New England..............................................................................
Middle A tlantic...........................................................................

1,259
373
886

734
228
506

307
85
222

12
4
9

206
56
150

Midwest .........................................................................................
East North Central .....................................................................
West North Central ....................................................................

1,470
1,053
417

833
592
242

324
243
81

31
18
13

281
201
80

South.............................................................................................
South Atlantic.............................................................................
East South Central.....................................................................
West South Central....................................................................

1,881
938
363
580

1,013
508
186
319

435
221
90
124

57
19
19
18

376
189
67
119

W e st..............................................................................................
Mountain.....................................................................................
Pacific.........................................................................................

1,133
300
833

655
182
473

227
54
173

27
4
23

224
61
164

Northeast......................................................................................
New England..............................................................................
Middle A tlantic...........................................................................

612
179
433

368
109
259

157
43
114

12
3
8

76
23
53

Midwest .......................................................................?.................
East North Central .....................................................................
West North Central ....................................................................

736
531
205

414
303
111

176
133
43

30
17
13

117
78
38

South.............................................................................................
South Atlantic.............................................................................
East South Central.....................................................................
West South Central....................................................................

928
442
184
301

457
227
83
147

240
118
54
67

51
18
16
17

180
78
32
70

W e st..............................................................................................
Mountain.....................................................................................
Pacific.........................................................................................

553
148
405

320
86
234

115
29
86

26
4
22

92
28
64

Northeast.......................................................................................
New England..............................................................................
Middle A tlantic...........................................................................

647
194
453

366
119
248

150
42
108

1
1

130
33
97

Midwest ........................................................................................
East North Central .....................................................................
West North Central ....................................................................

733
522
212

420
289
131

148
110
38

1
1
1

164
122
42

South.............................................................................................
South Atlantic.............................................................................
East South Central.....................................................................
West South Central....................................................................

952
495
179
279

556
280
103
172

195
102
37
56

6
1
4
1

195
111
35
49

W est..............................................................................................
Mountain.....................................................................................
Pacific..........................................................................................

581
153
428

335
96
239

112
24
87

2
1

133
33
100

Northeast.......................................................................................
New England..............................................................................
Middle A tlantic...........................................................................

1,134
357
777

675
220
455

265
81
185

11
4
8

182
53
129

Midwest .........................................................................................
East North Central .....................................................................
West North Central ....................................................................

1,341
947
394

768
542
226

286
209
77

30
17
13

256
179
77

South.............................................................................................
South Atlantic.............................................................................
East South Central.....................................................................
West South Central....................................................................

1,531
742
297
492

841
417
152
272

338
165
72
101

44
12
16
15

308
148
57
103

W e st..............................................................................................
Mountain.....................................................................................
Pacific..........................................................................................

1,007
285
722

586
174
413

196
51
146

26
4
22

199
57
142

Men

Women

(2)

(2)

White

S ee footnotes at end of table.




27

Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason not at work, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Reason not at work
Population group and area

Total
Vacation

Illness

Bad weather

Other1

Black

Northeast................................................................................................
Middle Atlantic...................................................................................

110
97

50
44

38
34

1
1

21
18

Midwest ..................................................................................................
East North Central ............................................................................

108
91

52
40

34
31

1
1

22
19

South.......................................................................................................
South Atlantic.....................................................................................
East South Central............................................................................
West South Central...........................................................................

328
186
65
77

160
87
33
39

93
53
18
21

14

62
39
10
13

W e s t........................................................................................................

51

23

16

ft

11

Northeast................................................................................................
Middle Atlantic...................................................................................

53
46

31
28

15
12

ft
ft

6
6

South.......................................................................................................
South Atlantic.....................................................................................
West South Central...........................................................................

114
39
75

58
20
38

23
8
15

5
1
4

28
10
18

W e s t........................................................................................................
Mountain..............................................................................................
Pacific...................................................................................................

145
36
109

68
19
48

37
9
28

9
1
9

31
7
25

7
3
3

Hispanic origin

1 Includes industrial disputes.

2 Less than 500 persons.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet
BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample




in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals because of rounding.
Detail for race and Hispanic-ongin groups will not add to totals because data for
the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the
white and black population groups.

28

Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason for unemployment, 1986 annual averages
Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent
Total

On layoff

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

TO TAL

Northeast.................................................
New England.......................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

1,370
263
1,108

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.5
46.0
52.8

18.7
16.6
19.2

12.3
16.8
11.2

24.4
26.5
23.8

11.9
10.7
12.2

M idw est....................................................
East North C entral..............................
West North Central.............................

2,143
1,626
517

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.8
49.2
47.5

15.8
16.0
15.2

11.3
10.7
13.0

26.4
25.8
28.5

13.5
14.3
11.1

S o u th ........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South C entral............................

3,020
1,145
663
1,212

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.1
42.0
49.7
50.6

10.3
10.6
13.7
8.1

12.7
14.8
11.0
11.5

27.2
29.9
24.1
26.3

13.1
13.3
15.2
11.6

W e s t.........................................................
Mountain ..............................................
Pacific....................................................

1,709
472
1,237

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.5
49.4
50.9

11.4
10.4
11.8

13.1
12.8
13.2

25.8
28.7
24.7

10.7
9.1
11.3

Northeast................................................
New England.......................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

781
138
643

100.0
100.0
100.0

60.4
55.0
61.6

21.2
17.6
21.9

11.4
15.7
10.5

17.8
20.0
17.4

10.3
9.3
10.6

Midwest....................................................
East North Central..............................
West North Central.............................

1,203
920
283

100.0
100.0
100.0

60.9
61.4
59.6

19.8
19.7
20.2

10.8
10.5
11.8

17.2
16.6
19.0

11.1
11.6
9.5

S o uth........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

1,585
561
341
684

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

58.7
53.5
61.0
61.8

12.9
14.1
16.7
10.1

12.1
14.6
11.7
10.3

18.1
19.8
14.9
18.3

11.1
12.1
12.4
9.6

W e s t.........................................................
Mountain ..............................................
Pacific....................................................

964
272
692

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.3
60.8
61.5

14.1
13.0
14.5

11.4
11.2
11.5

17.9
20.9
16.7

9.4
7.2
10.3

Northeast................................................
New England.......................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

590
125
465

100.0
100.0
100.0

39.6
36.1
40.6

15.4
15.6
15.4

13.4
18.0
12.2

33.0
33.7
32.8

13.9
12.3
14.4

M idwest...................................................
East North Central..............................
West North Central.............................

940
706
234

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.3
32.8

10.6
11.1
9.3

11.9
11.1
14.3

38.3
37.7
40.0

16.7
18.0
12.9

S o uth........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

1,435
585
32 2
528

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.3
30.9
37.7
36.0

7.4
7.3
10.6
5.4

13.3
15.1
10.4
13.0

37.2
39.5
33.8
36.7

15.2
14.5
18.1
14.2

W e s t.........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific....................................................

745
201
544

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.5
34.0
37.4

8.0
6.9
8.4

15.2
14.9
15.3

36.0
39.3
34.7

12.3
11.7
12.6

Northeast.................................................
New England.......................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

229
49
180

100.0
100.0
100.0

19.3
19.7
19.2

5.0
5.2
4.9

10.8
15.0
9.6

26.5
24.1
27.2

43.3
41.2
43.9

M idwest....................................................
East North C entral..............................
West North Central.............................

390
299
91

100.0
100.0
100.0

14.2
13.9
15.3

3.6
3.5
3.7

9.7
9.4
11.0

25.1
24.0
28.9

50.9
52.8
44.8

S o uth........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

557
233
118
205

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.0
14.1
13.6
16.9

2.8
2.9
3.0
2.5

10.2
11.4
8.5
9.9

25.4
27.3
19.0
26.9

49.3
47.2
58.9
46.2

W e s t.........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific....................................................

279
81
198

100.0
100.0
100.0

20.4
20.3
20.4

3.8
2.3
4.4

9.1
9.5
8.9

26.5
31.0
24.7

44.0
39.2
46.0

M en

W o m en

B o th s e x e s , 16 to 19
y e a rs

S e e footnotes at end of table.




29

Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason for unemployment, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent
Total

On layoff

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

W h ite

Northeast.................................................
New England.......................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

1,098
244
855

100.0
100.0
100.0

52.2
46.8
53.7

20.6
17.2
21.6

13.3
16.8
12.3

23.6
25.9
22.9

11.0
10.6
11.1

M idwest....................................................
East North C entral..............................
West North Central.............................

1,650
1,205
445

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.0
50.5
48.6

18.0
18.5
16.6

12.6
12.3
13.3

25.3
24.5
27.5

12.1
12.7
10.6

S o u th ........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South C entral............................

1,976
691
435
850

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

48.2
42.9
50.8
51.3

11.8
11.9
17.3
9.0

14.3
16.8
13.1
12.8

26.4
29.5
23.9
25.2

11.1
10.8
12.2
10.7

West .........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific....................................................

1,419
415
1,004

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.2
49.7
51.8

12.3
10.7
12.9

13.4
12.9
13.6

25.5
28.0
24.5

9.9
9.4
10.1

Northeast.................................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

247
230

100.0
100.0

48.6
49.6

10.6
10.9

8.0
7.4

27.7
27.2

15.7
15.8

M idwest....................................................
East North Central..............................
West North Central.............................

456
398
58

100.0
100.0
100.0

45.3
46.1
40.3

8.4
8.7
6.3

6.6
5.9
11.3

29.8
29.1
34.7

18.3
19.0
13.6

S o u th ........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

988
437
227
323

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

45.2
41.2
47.6
49.0

7.5
9.0
6.9
5.8

9.6
11.9
7.2
8.0

28.5
30.2
24.3
29.0

16.8
16.6
20.9
14.0

W e s t .........................................................
Pacific....................................................

152
124

100.0
100.0

48.8
48.7

6.2
6.6

11.4
10.6

27.1
26.2

12.7
14.5

Northeast.................................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

129
117

100.0
100.0

49.1
50.8

16.1
16.8

12.2
10.9

21.7
20.8

16.9
17.5

M idwest....................................................
East North Central..............................

70
58

100.0
100.0

52.8
55.0

13.1
15.5

8.2
7.9

18.3
14.4

20.7
22.6

S o u th ........................................................
South Atlantic......................................
West South C e ntral............................

278
52
224

100.0
100.0
100.0

52.4
49.7
53.1

9.7
13.1
8.9

10.9
10.4
11.1

23.9
28.3
22.7

12.8
11.7
13.1

W e s t .........................................................
M ountain...............................................
Pacific....................................................

382
93
289

100.0
100.0
100.0

59.5
52.1
61.8

13.4
9.4
14.7

8.7
9.2
8.6

20.6
25.3
19.1

11.3
13.5
10.5

Black

H ispa nic origin

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-orlgin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hlspanlcs are
included in both the white and black population groups.

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




30

Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
duration of unemployment, 1986 annual averages
Duration of unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

15-26
weeks

27 weeks
and over

27-51
weeks

52 weeks
and over

TOTAL

Northeast.........................................
New England................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

1,370
263
1,108

100.0
100.0
100.0

40.9
49.2
39.0

31.0
30.0
31.2

28.1
20.8
29.8

13.7
11.0
14.4

14.3
9.8
15.4

5.5
5.0
5.7

8.8
4.8
9.7

M idwest.............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

2,143
1,626
517

100.0
100.0
100.0

38.6
37.9
40.6

29.8
29.5
30.7

31.6
32.6
28.7

13.1
12.9
13.8

18.5
19.6
14.9

6.6
6.6
6.5

11.9
13.0
8.4

S o uth.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South Central ......................
West South Central .....................

3,020
1,145
663
1,212

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.5
48.4
39.9
40.8

31.2
29.2
33.0
32.1

25.3
22.4
27.1
27.1

12.2
10.5
12.1
13.7

13.2
11.8
14.9
13.4

5.6
4.8
5.8
6.3

7.5
7.1
9.1
7.1

W e s t..................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific............................................

1,709
472
1,237

100.0
100.0
100.0

43.9
43.9
43.8

32.4
32.5
32.3

23.8
23.6
23.8

12.2
12.9
12.0

11.6
10.8
11.9

5.0
5.2
5.0

6.5
5.6
6.9

Northeast.........................................
New England................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

781
138
643

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.0
43.0
34.6

31.6
31.7
31.5

32.4
25.3
33.9

15.4
13.1
15.9

17.0
12.2
18.0

6.2
6.4
6.2

10.8
5.8
11.9

Midwest............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

1,203
920
283

100.0
100.0
100.0

34.1
33.4
36.2

29.5
29.1
30.8

36.4
37.4
33.1

14.2
14.0
15.1

22.2
23.5
18.0

7.7
7.8
7.5

14.5
15.7
10.5

South ................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South Central ......................
West South C entral.....................

1,585
561
341
684

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

39.9
46.6
34.6
36.9

31.2
28.1
33.7
32.5

28.9
25.2
31.7
30.6

13.2
11.0
13.2
15.1

15.7
14.2
18.5
15.5

6.4
5.4
6.6
7.1

9.3
8.8
11.9
8.5

W e s t.................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific............................................

964
272
692

100.0
100.0
100.0

40.5
39.9
40.7

32.7
33.1
32.6

26.8
26.9
26.7

13.0
14.1
12.5

13.8
12.8
14.2

5.5
6.1
5.3

8.3
6.7
8.9

Northeast.........................................
New England................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

590
125
465

100.0
100.0
100.0

47.4
56.0
45.1

30.2
28.2
30.8

22.3
15.8
24.1

11.5
8.8
12.3

10.8
7.1
11.8

4.7
3.4
5.0

6.1
3.6
6.8

Midwest............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

940
706
234

100.0
100.0
100.0

44.3
43.8
45.9

30.2
30.0
30.7

25.5
26.2
23.4

11.7
11.6
12.2

13.7
14.6
11.2

5.1
5.1
5.3

8.6
9.5
5.9

South.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South C e n tral......................
West South Central .....................

1,435
585
322
528

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.5
50.1
45.6
45.8

31.2
30.3
32.2
31.6

21.3
19.6
22.2
22.7

11.0
10.1
11.0
11.9

10.3
9.5
11.1
10.7

4.8
4.1
5.0
5.3

5.6
5.4
6.2
5.4

W e s t..................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific.............................................

745
201
544

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.2
49.3
47.8

31.9
31.5
32.0

19.9
19.1
20.2

11.3
11.2
11.3

8.6
8.0
8.8

4.4
4.0
4.5

4.2
4.0
4.3

Northeast.........................................
New England................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

229
49
180

100.0
100.0
100.0

57.4
61.0
56.4

29.7
29.1
29.9

12.9
9.9
13.7

8.5
7.3
8.8

4.4
2.7
4.9

2.2
1.9
2.3

2.2
.7
2.6

M idwest............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

390
299
91

100.0
100.0
100.0

53.8
52.9
56.6

31.9
32.4
30.0

14.4
14.7
13.4

8.4
8.6
7.7

6.0
6.1
5.7

2.7
2.7
2.9

3.2
3.4
2.8

South.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South Central ......................
West South Central .....................

557
233
118
205

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

58.0
63.3
55.2
53.7

29.3
27.1
29.1
32.0

12.7
9.6
15.8
14.3

8.0
6.6
9.5
8.7

4.7
3.1
6.2
5.6

2.8
2.0
4.5
2.8

1.9
1.0
1.8
2.9

W e s t..................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific............................................

279
81
198

100.0
100.0
100.0

57.9
54.5
59.2

29.9
29.3
30.1

12.3
16.3
10.7

8.0
10.3
7.1

4.3
6.0
3.6

1.7
2.7
1.3

2.5
3.3

Men

Women

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

22
See footnotes at end of table.




31

Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
duration of unemployment, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Duration of unemployment
Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

15-26
weeks

27 weeks
and over

27-51
weeks

52 weeks
and over

W h ite

Northeast..........................................
New England................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

1,098
244
855

100.0
100.0
100.0

42.5
49.3
40.6

31.0
30.2
31.3

26.5
20.5
28.2

13.1
10.7
13.8

13.4
9.8
14.4

5.5
5.2
5.6

7.9
4.6
8.8

M idwest.............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

1,650
1,205
445

100.0
100.0
100.0

38.9
38.2
41.1

30.4
30.3
30.5

30.7
31.6
28.4

13.5
13.3
13.9

17.2
18.3
14.5

6.7
6.6
6.9

10.5
11.6
7.6

S o uth.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South Central ......................
West South C e ntral.....................

1,976
691
435
850

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.7
49.7
39.8
43.1

31.1
28.3
33.6
32.1

24.2
22.0
26.6
24.8

12.0
10.5
13.0
12.6

12.3
11.5
13.6
12.2

5.2
4.5
5.2
5.8

7.0
7.0
8.4
6.4

W e s t..................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific.............................................

1,419
415
1,004

100.0
100.0
100.0

45.0
44.4
45.2

31.8
31.8
31.8

23.3
23.8
23.0

12.0
12.9
11.6

11.3
10.9
11.4

5.0
5.3
4.9

6.2
5.6
6.5

Northeast.........................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

247
230

100.0
100.0

34.6
33.7

30.7
30.8

34.7
35.5

15.6
15.7

19.1
19.8

5.9
6.2

13.3
13.6

M idwest.............................................
East North Central.......................
West North Central......................

456
398
58

100.0
100.0
100.0

37.1
37.3
36.4

28.3
27.5
33.7

34.6
35.2
30.0

11.4
11.6
9.9

23.2
23.6
20.1

6.3
6.5
4.8

16.9
17.1
15.3

S o uth.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
East South Central ......................
West South Central .....................

988
437
227
323

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.0
46.0
40.1
34.9

31.7
31.0
31.9
32.5

27.3
23.0
28.1
32.6

12.4
10.6
10.5
16.3

14.9
12.4
17.6
16.3

6.3
5.2
6.9
7.3

8.6
7.2
10.6
9.0

W e s t..................................................
Pacific.............................................

152
124

100.0
100.0

34.9
34.1

37.7
36.5

27.4
29.4

14.6
15.5

12.8
13.9

5.2
5.5

7.5
8.3

Northeast..........................................
Middle Atlantic..............................

129
117

100.0
100.0

39.8
39.5

30.7
30.5

29.5
30.0

12.9
12.6

16.6
17.4

6.0
6.2

10.6
11.2

Midwest.............................................
East North Central.......................

70
58

100.0
100.0

34.7
34.4

28.3
27.3

37.0
38.2

16.6
17.3

20.4
20.9

10.2
9.8

10.2
11.1

South.................................................
South Atlantic...............................
West South C entral.....................

278
52
224

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.0
49.8
50.0

29.4
29.1
29.5

20.6
21.1
20.5

10.5
12.5
10.1

10.0
8.6
10.4

4.1
5.8
3.7

6.0
2.8
6.7

W e s t..................................................
Mountain .......................................
Pacific.............................................

382
93
289

100.0
100.0
100.0

46.4
43.4
47.3

32.3
31.7
32.4

21.3
24.8
20.2

11.1
11.8
10.8

10.3
13.0
9.4

4.3
5.8
3.9

5.9
7.1
5.5

Black

H ispa nic origin

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




32




S e c tio n

II. E s t im a t e s

33

fo r S ta te s

C h a r t 1 . U n e m p lo y m e n t R a te s b y S t a t e , 1 9 8 6 A n n u a l A v e r a g e s

9.0% and over
7.0% to 8.9%
□ 5.0% to 6.9%
[ ] less than 5.0%

C h a r t 2 . C h a n g e s in S t a t e U n e m p lo y m e n t R a te s , 1 9 8 5 - 8 6

£2 Increased 1% — 1.9%
□ Less than 1% change
Decreased 1% — 1.9%
Decreased 2% and over
• Change was less than 1% but
statistically significant

Source U S. Deportment of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics,




34

Table 12. S tates: Em ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex , age, race, H ispanic origin, an d marital
sta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s
(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian non­
S tate and population group

Civilian labor force

Unemployment

Employment

institutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

3,003
1,385
1,618
259

1,883
1,021
862
117

62.7
73.7
53.3
45.3

1,697
927
771
84

56.5
66.9
47.6
32.3

185
94
91
33

9.8
9.2
10.6
28.6

8.8
7.9
9.0
22.7

-

10.9
10.6
12.2
34.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

2,335
1,092
1,243
180

1,475
818
657
90

63.1
74.9
52.8
50.3

1,369
763
606
69

58.6
69.8
48.8
38.3

105
55
50
22

7.2
6.8
7.6
23.8

6.1
5.4
6.1
17.4

-

8.2
8.1
9.2
30.3

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

654
285
369

401
197
204

61.3
68.9
55.4

321
158
163

49.1
55.3
44.2

80
39
41

19.9
19.7
20.1

17.1
15.7
16.1

-

22.8
23.7
24.1

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................

633
1,782
589

400
1,187
296

63.2
66.6
50.3

322
1,109
266

51.0
62.2
45.2

77
78
30

19.3
6.6
10.2

16.4
5.5
7.6

-

22.2
7.7
12.8

349
173
176
27

256
142
114
14

73.4
82.0
64.9
49.5

229
125
104
11

65.5
72.1
59.0
39.7

28
17
10
3

10.8
12.1
9.1
19.8

9.9
10.8
7.9
15.8

-

11.7
13.3
10.4
23.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

271
136
135
21

207
116
91
11

76.5
85.4
67.5
54.7

188
104
84
9

69.4
76.6
62.2
45.8

19
12
7
2

9.2
10.2
7.9
16.2

8.3
9.0
6.6
11.9

-

10.1
11.5
9.1
20.5

B la c k .....................................................................

11

9

81.3

8

68.7

1

15.5

10.4

-

20.6

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................

88
205
56

62
153
41

69.9
74.8
73.5

52
141
36

58.5
68.8
64.5

10
12
5

16.3
8.1
12.3

14.4
7.1
10.1

-

18.2
9.1
14.4

2,450
1,178
1,272
197

1,586
887
700
122

64.8
75.3
55.0
62.0

1,476
826
650
105

60.3
70.2
51.1
53.1

110
60
50
17

6.9
6.8
7.1
14.3

6.2
5.8
6.0
10.8

-

7.7
7.8
8.2
17.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

2,324
1,116
1,207
188

1,500
840
660
119

64.5
75.2
54.6
63.2

1,400
785
615
102

60.2
70.3
50.9
54.5

100
55
45
16

6.7
6.5
6.8
13.7

5.9
5.5
5.7
10.2

-

7.4
7.5
8.0
17.1

Hispanic o rig in ...................................................
M en .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

365
185
180

259
157
102

70.9
84.9
56.5

232
143
90

63.6
77.2
49.7

26
14
12

10.2
9.0
12.0

7.9
6.2
8.2

-

12.5
11.8
15.8

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................

572
1,446
432

439
898
250

76.7
62.1
57.8

393
851
232

68.7
58.9
53.7

45
47
18

10.4
5.2
7.2

8.7
4.3
5.3

-

12.0
6.1
9.1

1,763
825
938
141

1,073
593
480
74

60.9
71.9
51.2
52.5

979
545
434
59

55.6
66.1
46.3
41.4

94
48
46
16

8.7
8.1
9.6
21.1

7.9
6.9
8.2
16.7

-

9.6
9.2
10.9
25.6

1,449
690
759
108

901
507
393
62

62.2
73.5
51.8
56.8

844
477
366
51

58.2
69.2
48.3
47.2

57
30
27
10

6.3
5.9
6.9
17.0

5.5
4.8
5.6
12.4

-

7.1
7.0
8.1
21.5

M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

300
128
172

165
80
85

55.0
62.9
49.2

129
64
66

43.2
49.7
38.3

36
17
19

21.5
20.9
22.1

18.3
16.3
17.6

-

24.8
25.5
26.7

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................

331

1,099

O ther marital status2 ......................................

333

213
713
147

64.4
64.9
44.0

173
675
132

52.3
61.4
39.5

40
38
15

18.9
5.4
10.3

16.3
4.5
7.8

-

21.4
6.3
12.8

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

A labam a
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................
W h it e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................
A laska
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................
White ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................
A rizo n a
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................
W h it e ....................................................................
Men .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

Other marital status2 ......................................
A rk an s a s
T o ta l........................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................
W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................
B la c k .....................................................................

S ee footnotes at end of table.




35

Table 12. S tate s: E m ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex , ag e, race, H ispanic origin, an d m arital
sta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian nonS tate and population group

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unem ploym ent

institutional
population

Num ber

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

20,1 15
9 ,787
10,328
1,553

13,365
7 ,565
5,801
781

66.4
77.3
56.2
50.3

12,473
7,060
5,413
6 40

62.0
72.1
52.4
41.2

892
504
3 88
141

6.7
6.7
6.7
18.1

6.4
6.3
6.3
16.4

-

7.0
7.0
7.1
19.8

W h it e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W o m e n ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

17,151
8,401
8,751
1,264

11,436
6,556
4,8 8 0
683

66.7
78.0
55.8
54.0

10,716
6 ,1 5 5
4 ,5 6 2
569

62.5
73.3
52.1
45.0

7 20
401
319
114

6.3
6.1
6 .5
16.7

6.0
5.7
6.1
14.9

-

6 .6
6 .5
7.0
18.5

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

1,267
6 00
668

808
4 22
386

6 3.8
70.3
57.9

705
3 60
3 45

55.6
6 0.0
51.7

103
62
41

12.8
14.7
10.6

11.1
12.3
8.5

-

14.4
17.1
12.8

Hispanic orig in ...................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

4,001
2 ,055
1,946
4 14

2,6 9 5
1,712
983
181

67.3
83.3
50.5
43.7

2 ,413
1,534
8 79
140

60.3
74.6
4 5.2
33.8

281
178
103
41

10.4
10.4
10.5
22.7

9 .6
9.4
9.1
18.4

-

11.3
11.4
11.9
27.1

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

5,303
11,111
3,700

3 ,853
7 ,407
2 ,1 0 6

72.7
66.7
56.9

3,4 6 5
7 ,058
1,950

65.3
63.5
52.7

3 88
3 49
155

10.1
4 .7
7.4

9.4
4.4
6 .7

-

10.7
5.0
8.1

T o t a l........................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

2,4 1 3
1,140
1,273
164

1,694
920
774
99

70.2
80.7
60.8
6 0.6

1,568
847
721
78

65.0
74.3
56.6
47.7

126
73
53
21

7.4
7.9
6 .9
21.2

6.7
6 .9
5.7
16.6

-

8 .2
9.0
8 .0
25.9

W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

2,2 3 9
1,051
1,188
147

1,568
848
720
93

70.1
80.7
60.6
6 3.5

1,462
788
6 75
75

65.3
74.9
56.8
50.9

106
61
45
19

6.8
7.1
6.3
19.9

6 .0
6.1
5.2
15.2

-

7.5
8.2
7.4
24.6

B la c k ......................................................................

114

83

73.4

67

59.2

16

19.4

13.8

-

24.9

Hispanic o rig in ...................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

240
112
127

156
90
66

65.2
80.2
51.9

136
77
58

56.6
68.8
45.8

21
13
8

13.2
14.2
11.8

9.6
9.3
6 .5

-

16.7
19.0
17.0

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

513
1,435
4 65

3 93
1,007
295

76.6
70.2
63.3

341
953
274

6 6.4
66.5
58.9

52
53
21

13.4
5.3
7.0

11.3
4 .4
5.2

-

15.4
6.1
8.8

T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

2 ,490
1,183
1,307
181

1,740
9 46
794
116

69.9
80.0
60.8
64.1

1,674
912
7 62
106

67.2
77.1
58.3
58.4

66
33
32
10

3.8
3.5
4.1
8.9

3.3
2 .8
3.3
5.9

-

4.3
4 .2
4 .9
11.8

W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

2,341
1,109
1,232
170

1,623
8 82
742
111

69.4
79.5
60.2
6 5.0

1,565
8 52
713
102

6 6.9
76.8
57.9
59.9

59
30
29

9

3 .6
3 .4
3 .9
7.8

3.1
2.7
3.1
5.0

-

4.1
4.1
4 .7
10.7

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

136
68
68

105
59
47

77.6
86.7
68.6

99

7
4
3

6.3
6.0
6.7

2.2

44

72.7
8 1.5
64.1

3 .4

55

2 .2

-

9.2
9.8
11.1

Hispanic orig in ...................................................

87

59

6 7.6

52

60.4

6

10.7

5.8

-

15.6

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

6 82
1,427
381

528
1,007
2 05

77.4
70.6
53.8

496
982
197

72.7
68.6
51.8

32
26

6.1
2.5
3.8

4 .9

2.0

-

7.3
3.1

481
227
254
34

3 25
175
150
20

67.6
77.1
59.1
60.6

311
167
144
18

6 4.6
73.7
56.6
53.4

14

4 .3
4.4
4.3
11.9

3 .8
3 .6
3.4
8 .2

-

4 .9
5.2

Num ber

R ate

Error range of
rate'

C a lifo rn ia
T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................

C o lo ra d o

Connecticut

8

2.3

5.3

Delaware
T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

See footnotes at end of table.




36

8

6
2

-

5.1

-

15.6

Table 12. S tates: Em ploym ent sta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex, ag e, race, Hispanic origin, an d marital
sta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Num bers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force

Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate’

Delaware— Continued
W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

407
192
215
26

272
148
124
16

66.9
77.2
57.8
62.8

262
143
119
15

64.5
74.5
55.5
56.7

10
5
5
2

3.6
3.5
3.9
9.6

3.0
2.7
3.0
5.9

-

4.2
4.2
4.8
13.5

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................

67
31
35

48
24
24

71.3
75.3
67.8

44
21
22

65.2
67.6
63.2

4
2
2

8.6
10.3
6.9

6.3
6.8
4.0

-

10.9
13.9
9.8

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

119
280
82

90
192
43

75.9
68.6
51.9

84
186
41

70.6
66.4
50.1

6
6
1

7.0
3.3
3.5

5.6
2.6
2.0

-

8.4
4.0
4.9

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en.........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

486
222
264
32

328
162
165
13

67.4
73.0
62.7
42.2

302
150
153
10

62.2
67.3
57.9
30.5

25
13
13
4

7.7
7.8
7.6
27.7

7.0
6.7
6.6
21.6

-

8.5
8.9
8.7
33.7

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

139
66
73

104
54
50

74.5
81.1
68.5

101
52
49

72.6
79.0
66.9

3
1
1

2.5
2.7
2.3

1.7
1.5
1.2

-

3.3
3.8
3.4

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

334
150
184
27

216
105
111
12

64.5
69.7
60.3
43.6

193
94
100
8

57.8
62.3
54.1
30.0

22
11
11
4

10.4
10.6
10.2
31.1

9.3
9.0
8.6
23.0

-

11.6
12.3
11.8
39.3

Hispanic origin.............................................

16

13

79.1

12

76.7

3.0

.4

-

5.7

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

206
154
126

153
102
73

74.0
66.3
58.0

135
98
69

65.8
63.7
54.6

17
4
4

11.2
3.9
5.8

9.9
2.9
4.4

-

12.5
4.9
7.2

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

9,171
4,296
4,875
624

5,588
3,041
2,546
363

60.9
70.8
52.2
58.2

5,268
2,873
2,395
297

57.4
66.9
49.1
47.5

320
168
152
67

5.7
5.5
6.0
18.4

5.4
5.1
5.5
16.4

-

6.1
6.0
6.4
20.3

W h ite .............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

7,822
3,698
4,123
478

4,677
2,591
2,086
292

59.8
70.1
50.6
61.0

4,459
2,475
1,984
252

57.0
66.9
48.1
52.8

218
116
101
39

4.7
4.5
4.9
13.5

4.3
4.1
4.4
11.6

-

5.0
4.9
5.4
15.5

Black..............................................................
M e n .............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,243
556
687
134

840
418
422
64

67.5
75.2
47.9

743
368
375
39

59.7
66.1
54.6
29.2

97
50
47
25

11.6
12.0
11.1
39.1

10.3
10.2
9.3
31.6

-

12.8
13.8
12.8
46.6

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

996
502
494

666
399
267

66.9
79.5
54.0

619
373
246

62.2
74.4
49.8

47
26

5.9
5.1
6.0

-

21

7.0
6.4
7.9

-

8.1
7.8
9.7

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,894
5,350
1,926

1,382
3,192
1,014

73.0
59.7
52.7

1,242
3,074
952

65.6
57.5
49.4

140
117
62

10.1
3.7
6.2

9.3
3.3
5.4

-

11.0
4.0
6.9

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

4,480
2,076
2,404
374

3,014
1,612
1,402
204

67.3

2,836
1,540
1,296
164

63.3
74.2
53.9
43.7

178
72
106
40

5.9
4.5
7.6
19.7

5.2
3.7
6.5
15.6

-

58.3
54.5

-

6.6
5.3
8.7
23.8

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

3,176
1,505
1,671
252

2,136
1,182
954
144

67.2
78.5
57.1
57.0

2,058
1,144
914
127

64.8
76.0
54.7
50.3

78
37
40
17

3.6
3.2
4.2
11.7

3.0
2.4
3.2
7.6

-

4.3
4.0
5.2
15.7

Black..............................................................

1,270

67.2
75.1
61.0
50.3

59.3
69.0
51.8
30.7

100
34

Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

853
417
436
60

753

556
714
119

11.7
8.2
15.0
39.0

10.0
6.1
12.4
30.2

-

13.4
10.2
17.6
47.7

District of Columbia

(3)

Florida

61.4

Georgia

77.7

383
370
37

S ee footnotes at end of table.




37

66
23

Table 12. S tate s: E m ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex, ag e, race, H ispanic origin, an d marital
sta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Num bers in thousands)

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

1,062
2,504
914

745
1,770
499

70.2
70.7
54.6

665
1,702
468

62.6
68.0
51.2

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

739
352
387
60

488
260
228
29

66.1
73.8
59.0
47.9

465
247
217
24

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................

234
109
125

154
82
72

66.1
75.3
58.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

202
419
118

144
284
61

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

699
341
358
62

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

State and population group

Rate

Error range of
rate1

80
67
31

10.7
3.8
6.1

9.0
3.1
4.5

-

12.5
4.5
7.8

62.9
70.2
56.1
39.5

24
13
11
5

4.8
4.9
4.8
17.5

4.2
4.0
3.9
13.3

-

5.5
5.7
5.7
21.7

146
77
69

62.3
70.8
55.0

9
5
4

5.6
6.0
5.2

4.4
4.3
3.5

-

6.8
7.7
6.9

71.2
67.6
51.7

133
272
59

65.9
65.0
50.1

11
11
2

7.4
3.9
3.1

6.0
3.2
1.7

-

8.8
4.7
4.6

468
265
202
40

66.9
77.7
56.6
65.2

427
240
187
33

61.1
70.3
52.3
53.2

41
25
15
7

8.7
9.6
7.6
18.5

7.9
8.4
6.4
14.6

-

9.6
10.8
8.8
22.4

683
333
350
60

457
259
197
40

66.9
77.8
56.4
65.6

418
235
183
32

61.2
70.4
52.3
53.5

39
25
14
7

8.5
9.5
7.3
18.4

7.6
8.3
6.0
14.5

-

9.4
10.7
8.5
22.3

Hispanic origin..............................................
M e n ..............................................................

29
17

22
15

73.5
86.5

17
12

57.2
68.7

5
3

22.1
20.7

16.4
14.0

-

27.8
27.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

127
465
108

95
314
58

75.1
67.7
54.1

80
295
52

63.4
63.5
48.0

15
20
7

15.6
6.2
11.2

13.2
5.3
8.5

-

18.0
7.1
13.9

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

8,659
4,095
4,564
727

5,686
3,188
2,498
406

65.7
77.9
54.7
55.9

5,225
2,928
2,297
324

60.3
71.5
50.3
44.6

461
261
201
82

8.1
8.2
8.0
20.2

7.7
7.6
7.4
18.0

-

8.5
8.7
8.7
22.5

W h ite .............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

7,296
3,480
3,816
572

4,858
2,758
2,100
350

66.6
79.3
55.0
61.2

4,556
2,584
1,972
298

62.4
74.3
51.7
52.1

302
174
128
52

6.2
6.3
6.1
14.9

5.8
5.8
5.5
12.8

-

6.6

-

6.7
17.1

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,176
519
656
138

693
355
338
50

58.9
68.4
51.4
36.5

542
273
269
22

46.1
52.6
40.9
15.8

151
82
69
29

21.8
23.1
20.4
56.8

19.8
20.3
17.7
46.8

-

23.7
25.8
23.1
66.8

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

485
257
228

327
216
111

67.4
83.9
48.8

292
192
100

60.2
74.8
43.7

35
23
12

10.7
10.8
10.4

8.7
8.3
7.0

-

12.6
13.3
13.7

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

2,310
4,835
1,513

1,616
3,299
771

70.0
68.2
50.9

1,395
3,129
700

60.4
64.7
46.3

221
170
70

13.6
5.2
9.1

12.7
4.7
7.9

-

14.6
5.6
10.3

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

4,107
1,947
2,160
313

2,750
1,507
1,243
191

67.0
77.4
57.6
61.1

2,565
1,416
1,149
153

62.5
72.7
53.2
49.0

185
91
94
38

6.7
6.0
7.6
19.8

6.1
5.2
6.6
16.0

-

7.4
6.9
8.6
23.6

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

3,767
1,787
1,981
286

2,548
1,405
1,143
179

67.6
78.6
57.7
62.4

2,396
1,330
1,066
146

63.6
74.5
53.8
50.9

152
74
78
33

6.0
5.3
6.8
18.5

5.3
4.5
5.8
14.7

-

6.6
6.1
7.8
22.3

Number

Georgia—Continued
Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................
Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

-

6.8

Indiana

S e e footnotes at end of table.




38

Table 12. S tate s: Em ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex, ag e, race, Hispanic origin, an d marital
sta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian nonS tate and population group

institutional
population

Civilian labor force

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

Indiana— Continued
B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

297
136
161

173
86
87

58.4
63.3
54.3

141
71
71

47.6
51.8
44.1

32
16
16

18.5
18.1
18.8

14.4
12.4
13.0

-

22.5
23.9
24.6

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

875
2,503
729

643
1,710
397

73.5
68.3
54.5

563
1,634
367

64.4
65.3
50.4

80
76
30

12.4
4.4
7.5

10.7
3.7
5.7

-

14.1
5.1
9.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

2,131
1,023
1,108
171

1,432
801
631
120

67.2
78.3
57.0
70.3

1,332
746
586
105

62.5
72.9
52.9
61.4

100
55
45
15

7.0
6.9
7.2
12.6

6.2
5.9
6.0
9.2

-

7.8
7.9
8.3
16.1

W h i t e ....................................................................
Men .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

2,090
1,003
1,087
167

1,405
787
619
118

67.2
78.4
56.9
70.7

1,311
734
576
103

62.7
73.2
53.0
61.9

95
52
42
15

6.7
6.7
6.8
12.4

6.0
5.7
5.7
9.0

-

7.5
7.7
8.0
15.8

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

452
1,351
328

349
917
167

77.2
67.8
50.9

311
875
146

68.9
64.7
44.5

37
42
21

10.7
4.6
12.7

8.9
3.8
9.8

-

12.6
5.3
15.6

T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

1,797
853
944
132

1,224
675
549
76

68.1
79.2
58.2
57.6

1,158
641
517
64

64.4
75.1
54.7
48.9

67
34
32
11

5.4
5.1
5.9
15.0

4.8
4.2
4.9
11.1

-

6.1
5.9
6.9
19.0

W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

1,680
798
881
121

1,148
636
512
73

68.3
79.7
58.0
59.8

1,093
609
484
62

65.0
76.2
54.9
51.0

55
28
28
11

4.8
4.3
5.4
14.8

4.2
3.5
4.4
10.8

-

5.5
5.1
6.4
18.8

B la c k .....................................................................
Men .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

89
42
47

62
31
31

69.9
74.7
65.6

52
26
26

58.9
61.8
56.3

10
5
4

15.8
17.3
14.2

10.9
10.2
7.7

-

20.6
24.3
20.8

Hispanic o rig in ..................................................

42

29

68.9

27

64.2

2

7.0

2.4

-

11.5

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

371
1,148
278

271
811
143

73.0
70.6
51.3

243
785
130

65.6
68.3
46.7

27
27
13

10.2
3.3
8.9

8.4
2.6
6.5

-

12.0
3.9
11.2

T o t a l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

2,758
1,301
1,457
228

1,690
975
715
114

61.3
74.9
49.1
49.7

1,533
886
648
91

55.6
68.1
44.5
39.7

156
89
67
23

9.3
9.1
9.4
20.2

8.3
7.9
8.0
15.3

-

10.2
10.4
10.8
25.0

W hite ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

2,551
1,210
1,341
212

1,579
917
662
107

61.9
75.8
49.3
50.4

1,440
838
602
86

56.4
69.2
44.9
40.6

138
79
59
21

8.8
8.6
9.0
19.6

7.8
7.4
7.5
14.6

-

9.7
9.9
10.4
24.5

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

203
90
113

109
57
52

53.8
63.3
46.3

92
47
44

45.2
52.6
39.3

18
10
8

16.1
17.0
15.1

11.5
10.5
8.6

-

20.7
23.5
21.6

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................

531
1,708
520

343
1,111
236

64.7
65.0
45.4

291
1,030
213

54.8
60.3
41.0

53
81
23

15.3
7.3
9.8

12.8
6.2
7.3

-

17.8
8.3
12.3

3,215
1,490
1,725
310

1,988
1,113
875
156

61.8
74.7
50.7
50.3

1,727
972
755
107

53.7
65.3
43.8
34.5

261
141
120
49

13.1
12.7
13.7
31.4

12.1
11.4
12.2
27.3

-

14.1
13.9
15.2
35.5

2,304
1,089
1,214
203

1,443
837
606
110

62.6
76.8
49.9
54.2

1,302
756
546
86

56.5
69.4
45.0
42.3

141
81
60
24

9.8
9.7
9.8
22.0

8.7
8.4
8.3
17.3

-

10.8
11.0
11.4
26.8

Iowa
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................

Kansas

Kentucky

O ther marital status2 ......................................

Louisiana
T o t a l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

W h ite .............................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

S e e footnotes at end of table.




39

Table 12. S tate s: E m ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex, ag e, race, H ispanic origin, an d m arital
s ta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Num bers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Louisiana— Continued
Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

872
382
490

519
262
257

59.5
68.6
52.4

401
204
197

46.0
53.3
40.2

118
58
60

22.8
22.2
23.3

20.0
18.3
19.3

-

25.6
26.2
27.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

781
1,832
602

485
1,192
310

62.1
65.1
51.6

373
1,096
258

47.8
59.8
42.9

112
96
52

23.1
8.1
16.9

20.8
7.1
14.2

-

25.4
9.1
19.5

To tal................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

884
421
463
71

562
311
251
41

63.6
73.8
54.2
57.7

532
295
237
35

60.2
70.1
51.2
49.5

30
16
14
6

5.3
5.1
5.6
14.3

4.6
4.2
4.6
10.5

-

6.0
6.0
6.6
18.0

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

877
417
460
70

557
308
249
41

63.5
73.9
54.1
57.9

528
293
235
35

60.1
70.2
51.0
49.5

30
16
14
6

5.3
5.0
5.6
14.4

4.6
4.2
4.6
10.6

-

6.0
5.9
6.7
18.2

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

186
549
149

128
365
69

68.7
66.5
46.3

117
352
63

63.0
64.1
42.4

11
13
6

8.4
3.6
8.5

6.7
2.9
6.2

-

10.1
4.3
10.9

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,400
1,599
1,801
286

2,358
1,263
1,095
160

69.3
79.0
60.8
55.8

2,252
1,216
1,037
140

66.2
76.0
57.6
48.9

105
47
58
20

4.5
3.8
5.3
12.4

3.9
3.1
4.5
9.4

-

5.0
4.4
6.1
15.4

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

2,573
1,234
1,339
193

1,771
981
790
121

68.8
79.5
59.0
62.5

1,710
953
757
110

66.4
77.2
56.5
57.1

61
29
33
10

3.5
2.9
4.1
8.6

2.9
2.3
3.3
5.6

-

4.0
3.6
5.0
11.7

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

751
333
419

530
253
277

70.5
76.0
66.2

488
236
252

64.9
70.8
60.3

42
17
25

8.0
6.9
8.9

6.4
4.7
6.6

-

9.6
9.1
11.3

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

934
1,876
590

692
1,314
352

74.1
70.0
59.6

635
1,280
338

68.0
68.2
57.3

57
35
14

8.2
2.6
4.0

7.0
2.1
2.7

-

9.5
3.2
5.3

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

4,552
2,129
2,423
369

3,051
1,632
1,419
231

67.0
76.6
58.6
62.7

2,934
1,567
1,366
209

64.5
73.6
56.4
56.8

117
64
53
22

3.8
3.9
3.7
9.5

3.6
3.5
3.3
7.9

-

4.1
4.3
4.1
11.0

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

4,300
2,013
2,287
337

2,882
1,546
1,336
218

67.0
76.8
58.4
64.6

2,774
1,486
1,288
198

64.5
73.8
56.3
58.7

108
60
48
20

3.7
3.9
3.6
9.1

3.5
3.5
3.2
7.5

-

4.0
4.3
4.0
10.6

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

184
86
99

121
60
61

65.8
70.5
61.8

114
57
57

61.7
66.2
57.8

8
4
4

6.3
6.1
6.6

4.4
3.5
3.8

-

8.2
8.8
9.3

Hispanic origin..............................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

101
43
58

55
31
24

54.8
72.7
41.6

51
28
22

50.1
66.6
38.1

5
3
2

8.4
8.3
8.5

5.2
4.1
3.7

-

11.6
12.6
13.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,359
2,457
736

1,011
1,674
367

74.4
68.1
49.8

953
1,630
351

70.2
66.3
47.7

58
44
16

5.7
2.6
4.3

5.1
2.3
3.4

-

6.3
2.9
5.1

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

S e e footnotes at end of table.




40

Table 12. S tates: Em ploym ent s ta tu s of th e civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, an d marital
s ta tu s, 1986 annual a v e ra g e s—C ontinued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

6,860
3,276
3,584
612

4,393
2,479
1,914
367

64.0
75.7
53.4
60.0

4,007
2,266
1,741
290

58.4
69.2
48.6
47.3

385
212
173
77

8.8
8.6
9.0
21.1

8.3
8.0
8.4
18.9

-

9.2
9.2
9.7
23.2

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

5,892
2,837
3,056
498

3,834
2,191
1,643
317

65.1
77.2
53.8
63.7

3,563
2,033
1,529
263

60.5
71.7
50.1
52.8

271
157
114
54

7.1
7.2
6.9
17.1

6.6
6.6
6.3
15.0

-

7.5
7.7
7.6
19.2

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

835
367
469
102

476
236
239
43

57.0
64.5
51.1
42.6

370
186
183
21

44.3
50.9
39.1
20.9

106
50
56
22

22.3
21.2
23.3
50.9

20.2
18.3
20.3
41.5

-

24.3
24.1
26.3
60.4

Hispanic origin.............................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

100
47
53

68
37
31

67.4
79.1
57.2

58
31
27

57.7
66.6
49.9

10
6
4

14.5
15.8
12.8

10.0
9.5
6.5

-

19.0
22.2
19.2

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,762
3,905
1,192

1,277
2,512
604

72.4
64.3
50.7

1,085
2,383
540

61.6
61.0
45.3

192
129
64

15.0
5.1
10.7

14.0
4.7
9.4

-

16.0
5.6
11.9

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,138
1,528
1,610
246

2,213
1,224
989
172

70.5
80.2
61.4
70.2

2,095
1,159
936
150

66.8
75.9
58.1
61.2

118
65
53
22

5.3
5.3
5.3
12.8

4.7
4.4
4.3
9.3

-

6.0
6.2
6.3
16.3

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,021
1,470
1,551
232

2,136
1,182
954
164

70.7
80.4
61.5
70.4

2,029
1,121
908
144

67.2
76.3
58.5
62.0

107
61
46
19

5.0
5.2
4.8
11.9

4.3
4.3
3.8
8.4

-

5.7
6.1
5.8
15.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

795
1,877
466

628
1,351
235

79.0
72.0
50.4

575
1,303
218

72.3
69.4
46.6

53
48
17

8.4
3.5
7.4

6.9
2.8
5.0

-

10.0
4.2
9.8

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,883
879
1,004
184

1,163
646
517
80

61.8
73.5
51.5
43.4

1,027
578
449
52

54.5
65.7
44.7
28.5

136
68
68
27

11.7
10.6
13.1
34.4

10.7
9.3
11.6
30.0

-

12.7
11.8
14.6
38.8

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,199
563
637
93

751
425
326
44

62.6
75.5
51.2
47.1

695
397
298
35

58.0
70.6
46.9
37.4

55
28
28
9

7.4
6.5
8.5
20.6

6.4
5.3
7.0
14.9

-

8.4
7.7
10.1
26.3

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
W o m e n ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

676
314
363
90

409
220
189
36

60.5
70.2
52.2
39.6

329
179
150
17

48.6
57.2
41.2
19.2

80
41
40
18

19.7
18.5
21.0
51.4

17.5
15.6
17.6
41.4

-

21.8
21.5
24.3
61.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

437
1,081
366

272
717
174

62.2
66.4
47.7

211
663
153

48.4
61.3
41.9

60
55
21

22.3
7.6
12.1

19.9
6.6
9.6

-

24.6
8.6
14.5

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,802
1,822
1,980
300

2,529
1,394
1,135
184

66.5
76.5
57.3
61.4

2,374
1,308
1,066
155

62.4
71.8
53.8
51.6

154
86
69
29

6.1
6.1
6.1
16.0

5.5
5.3
5.1
12.5

-

6.8
7.0
7.0
19.4

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,386
1,635
1,751
260

2,251
1,256
994
165

66.5
76.8
56.8
63.5

2,131
1,187
944
142

62.9
72.6
53.9
54.8

120
70
50
23

5.3
5.1
13.7

4.7
4.7
4.1
10.3

-

6.0
6.4
6.0
17.2

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

378
166
212

251
122
130

66.5
73.2
61.3

220
108
112

58.3
65.0
53.0

31
14
17

12.4
11.2
13.4

9.5
7.3
9.3

-

15.2
15.1
17.5

State and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Michigan

-

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

S ee footnotes at end of table.




41

5.5

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Employment

Unem ploym ent

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

839
2,288
675

607
1,554
367

72.4
67.9
54.3

5 39
1,488
3 47

64.3
6 5.0
51.4

T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

6 00
292
308
49

4 07
229
178
30

67.8
78.3
57.8
60.9

374
209
165
25

W h i t e ....................................................................
M en .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

570
2 79
291
45

3 89
2 19
169
28

68.2
78.5
58.3
6 2.2

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

129
377
94

92
264
51

T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

1,165
558
607
89

W h it e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W o m e n ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

1,123
539
584
84

S tate and population group

Rate

Error range of
rate1

68
66
20

11.2
4.3
5.5

9.5
3.6
3.9

-

12.9
5.0
7.0

62.3
71.5
53.6
50.8

33
20
13
5

8.1
8.7
7.3
16.6

7.2
7.5
6.1
12.7

-

8.9
9.8
8.5
20.6

361
201
159
24

63.3
72.1
54.9
52.6

28
18
10
4

7.2
8.2
5.9
15.5

6.4
7.1
4 .7
11.5

-

8 .0
9.4
7.0
19.4

71.2
70.1
54.0

80
2 50
45

61.6
66.3
47.4

12
14
6

13.5
5.4
12.3

11.3
4 .5
9.5

-

15.6
6.2
15.1

803
437
367
58

68.9
78.3
60.4
64.5

763
4 15
348
51

65.5
74.4
57.3
57.3

40
22
19
6

5.0
5.0
5.1
11.2

4.4
4.2
4.2
8 .0

-

5.6
5.8
6.0
14.4

774
4 22
3 52
55

68.9
78.4
60.2
66.0

738
4 04
3 34
49

65.7
75.0
57.2
58.5

36
18
18
6

4 .6
4.3
5.0
11.3

4 .0
3 .6
4.1
8 .0

-

5.2
5.1
5.9
14.6

Num ber

Missouri—Continued
Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

Montana

Nebraska

B la c k .....................................................................

35

24

6 8.6

20

57.2

4

16.6

10.5

-

22.7

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

254
730
181

196
518
89

77.2
70.9
49.4

178
501
84

70.0
68.6
46.4

18
17
5

9.2
3.3
6.0

7.6
2.6
4 .0

-

10.9
3.9
8.0

T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

749
363
3 86
58

541
289
251
36

72.2
79.7
65.1
61.8

508
2 72
2 37
30

67.8
74.7
61.3
51.2

32
18
15
6

6 .0
6.2
5.8
17.1

5.3
5.2
4.8
14.2

-

6.7
7.1
6.8
19.9

W h i t e ....................................................................
M en .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

6 68
3 27
341
52

4 80
261
2 19
32

71.8
79.8
64.2
6 2.8

4 53
2 45
207
27

67.7
75.1
60.6
53.3

28
15
12
5

5.8
5.9
5.6
15.2

5.0
4 .9
4 .5
12.1

-

6.5
6.9
6.6
18.3

B la c k .....................................................................

53

39

73.3

35

65.9

4

10.1

6.5

-

13.7

Hispanic o rig in ...................................................
M e n .....................................................................

59
32

45
27

76.2
82.5

42
25

71.1
77.8

3
2

6.7
5.7

3.9
2.4

-

9.4
8.9

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

174
4 05
170

139
286
116

80.0
70.6
68.0

126
273
109

72.4
67.5
64.1

13
13
7

9.5
4.4
5.7

8.0
3 .6
4.3

-

11.1
5.2
7.1

T o ta l........................................................................
M e n ........................................................................
W o m e n .................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s ..........................

781
381
400
62

562
3 09
2 53
42

72.0
81.1
63.2
68.4

546
302
244
39

70.0
79.2
61.2
62.7

16
7
8
4

2.8
2.3
3.3
8.4

2.3
1.7
2.5
5.4

-

3.3
2.9
4.1
11.3

W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

774
378
396
61

557
307
251
42

72.0
81.1
63.2
68.6

542
300
2 42
39

70.0
79.3
61.2
63.5

15
7
8
3

2.7
2.3
3.3
7.5

2.2
1.7
2.5
4.7

-

3.2
2.9
4.1
10.4

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

183
4 76
122

148
343
70

81.0
72.2
57.6

142
336
68

77.6
70.7
55.7

6
7

4.2
2.1

3.0
1.5

-

5.3

2

3.3

1.8

-

2.6
4.8

Nevada

New Hampshire

S e e footnotes at end of table.




42

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

T o t a l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

5,923
2,811
3,112
478

3 ,892
2 ,182
1,710
2 49

65.7
77.6
54.9
52.2

3,696
2,081
1,616
217

62.4
74.0
51.9
45.5

196
101
95
32

5.0
4.6
5.5
12.8

4.7
4.2
5.0
11.0

-

5.3
5.0
6.0
14.7

W h it e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

5,107
2,435
2,672
390

3 ,326
1,887
1,439
214

65.1
77.5
53.8
55.0

3,183
1,815
1,369
192

62.3
74.5
51.2
49.3

143
72
70
22

4.3
3.8
4.9
10.2

4.0
3.4
4.4
8.4

-

4.6
4.2
5.4
12.1

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

696
315
382
81

4 79
2 44
2 35
32

68.8
77.6
61.6
40.1

429
2 16
213
22

61.6
68.7
55.8
27.8

50
28
22
10

10.4
11.4
9.5
30.7

9.1
9.4
7.6
22.3

-

11.8
13.4
11.3
39.1

Hispanic o rig in ..................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

425
197
229

273
156
116

64.1
79.5
50.8

2 46
143
103

57.9
72.6
45.2

27
14
13

9.7
8.7
11.2

8.0
6.6
8.4

-

11.5
10.9
13.9

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

1,609
3,356
958

1,160
2,274
4 58

72.1
67.8
47.9

1,064
2,203
4 29

66.1
65.6
44.8

96
71
29

8.2
3.1
6.4

7.5
2.8
5.4

-

9.0
3.4
7.4

T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

1,046
513
533
94

672
3 90
281
51

64.2
76.0
52.8
53.9

610
352
258
39

58.3
68.6
48.4
41.6

62
38
24
12

9.2
9.7
8.5
22.9

8.4
8.7
7.4
21.5

-

10.0
10.7
9.6
24.3

W h i t e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

946
467
479
84

6 16
3 60
2 56
48

65.1
77.1
53.4
56.8

567
3 30
237
37

59.9
70.6
49.4
44.4

50
31
19
10

8.1
8.5
7.4
21.7

7.3
7.6
6.3
20.0

-

8.8
9.5
8.5
23.5

Hispanic o rig in ..................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

391
198
193

245
149
96

62.7
75.0
49.9

2 15
129
86

55.0
65.0
44.7

30
20
10

12.2
13.3
10.4

10.6
11.2
8.1

-

13.8
15.5
12.8

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

2 58
6 12
176

180
398
93

69.8
65.1
53.1

155
371
84

59.9
60.7
47.6

25
27
10

14.1
6.7
10.3

12.6
5.9
8.4

-

15.5
7.6
12.2

T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

13,733
6,374
7,359
1,116

8 ,408
4 ,6 8 6
3 ,722
471

61.2
73.5
50.6
42.2

7,881
4,374
3,508
387

57.4
68.6
47.7
34.6

526
312
214
85

6.3
6.7
5.8
18.0

6.0
6.3
5.4
16.1

-

6.5
7.0
6.2
19.8

W h it e ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

11,421
5,353
6,068
873

7,064
3,989
3,075
407

61.9
74.5
50.7
46.6

6,685
3,771
2,913
343

58.5
70.5
48.0
39.3

3 79
218
162
63

5.4
5.5
5.3
15.6

5.1
5.1
4.8
13.7

-

5.7
5.8
5.7
17.4

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

1,861
799
1,062
206

1,069
532
537
58

57.4
66.5
50.5
28.1

938
449
489
38

50.4
56.2
46.0
18.4

131
83
48
20

12.2
15.5
8.9
34.5

11.1
13.8
7.6
26.9

-

13.3
17.3
10.3
42.0

Hispanic orig in ...................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

1,443
626
817
160

7 95
461
3 34
42

55.1
73.6
40.9
25.9

709
412
297
28

49.1
65.9
36.3
17.3

86
48
37
14

10.8
10.5
11.1
33.4

9.6
9.0
9.2
25.0

-

12.0
12.1
13.0
41.8

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

4,085
7,162
2 ,486

2,655
4 ,615
1,138

65.0
64.4
45.8

2,391
4,433
1,057

58.5
61.9
42.5

264
181

9.9
3.9
7.1

9.3
3.6
6.3

-

10.6
4.2
7.9

S tate and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate’

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

S ee footnotes at end of table.




43

81

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Civilian noninstitutional
population

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

State and population group

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

4,757
2 ,2 2 6
2,531
389

3,194
1,724
1,471
211

67.2
77.4
58.1
54.2

3 ,024
1,643
1,382
175

63.6
73.8
54.6
45.0

170
81
89
36

5.3
4 .7
6.0
17.1

5.0
4.3
5.5
15.0

-

5.6
5.1
6.6
19.2

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3 ,765
1,784
1,980
287

2,5 3 7
1,402
1,135
164

67.4
78.6
57.3
57.1

2 ,433
1,351
1,082
142

64.6
75.7
54.6
49.4

104
51
53
22

4.1
3.6
4.7
13.4

3.8
3 .2
4 .2
11.3

-

4.4
4.1
5.2
15.6

Black..............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

927
4 12
515
96

611
298
314
43

66.0
72.2
61.0
45.1

549
2 69
281
30

59.3
65.2
54.5
31.0

62
29
33
14

10.1
9.7
10.5
31.4

9.1
8.3
9.0
25.2

-

11.2
11.2
12.0
3 7.6

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,051
2,824
881

725
2 ,002
4 68

68.9
70.9
53.1

6 47
1,940
4 38

61.5
68.7
49.7

78
62
30

10.7
3.1
6.4

9.8
2.8
5.5

-

11.7
3.4
7.3

T o ta l................................................................
Men ...............................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

482
235
247
41

331
185
145
24

68.6
78.9
58.9
58.3

3 10
174
136
20

64.3
73.8
55.3
49.9

21
12
9
3

6.3
6.4
6.2
14.4

5.6
5.5
5.1
10.8

-

7.0
7.4
7.2
18.0

W h ite .............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

4 63
2 27
2 36
38

320
180
139
23

69.0
79.4
59.1
60.7

301
170
131
20

65.1
74.9
55.7
52.9

18
10
8
3

5.7
5.6
5.7
12.8

5.0
4.7
4.7
9.3

-

6.4
6.5
6.8
16.3

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

116
3 07
59

83
220
28

71.0
71.6
4 8.5

74
2 10
26

63.5
68.3
44.8

9
10
2

10.6
4.5
7.7

8.8
3.8
5.1

-

12.3
5.3
10.3

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

8,1 0 6
3,862
4,2 4 4
671

5 ,234
2 ,938
2 ,2 9 6
389

64.6
76.1
54.1
57.9

4,8 0 9
2,681
2 ,127
315

59.3
69.4
50.1
47.0

4 26
257
169
73

8.1
8.7
7.3
18.8

7.7
8.2
6.8
16.8

-

8.5
9.3
7.9
20.8

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

7,288
3,489
3,798
583

4 ,7 2 8
2 ,683
2 ,044
348

6 4.9
76.9
53.8
59.8

4,3 8 7
2,4 7 4
1,913
291

60.2
70.9
50.4
49.9

341
2 10
131
57

7.2
7.8
6.4
16.5

6.8
7.3
5.8
14.5

-

7.6
8.4
7.0
18.6

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs .....................

758
342
416
81

471
234
237
36

62.1
68.5
56.9
44.8

388
188
200
21

51.1
54.9
48.0
26.0

83
46
37
15

17.7
19.8
15.6
42.0

15.6
16.8
12.9
31.7

-

19.7
22.8
18.3
52.4

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

North Carolina

North Dakota

O hio

Hispanic origin..............................................

64

41

64.8

37

57.6

5

11.1

5.6

-

16.5

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,881
4 ,885
1,340

1,349
3 ,219
6 67

71.7
65.9
49.8

1,167
3 ,040
601

62.1
62.2
44.9

181
178
66

13.5
5.5
9.9

12.5
5.1
8.7

-

14.4
6.0
11.1

T o ta l................................................................
M e n ................................................................
W om en..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,401
1,123
1,278
187

1,593
872
721
99

66.3
77.6
56.4
53.0

1,462
795
666
78

6 0.9
70.8
52.1
42.0

131
76
54
21

8 .2
8.8
7.6
20.8

7.4
7.7
6 .5
16.7

-

9.0
9.8
8.6
24.8

W h ite .............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2 ,062
973
1,089
152

1,377
761
6 16
85

66.8
78.2
56.5
55.9

1,283
705
577
69

62.2
72.5
53.0
45.4

94
56
38
16

6.8
7.3
6.2
18.7

6.1
6.3
5.1
14.4

-

7.6
8.4
7.3
23.0

Black..............................................................
M e n ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

160
68
91

102

63.8
72.5
57.2

82
39
43

51.2
56.7
4 7.0

20

50
52

9

19.8
21.8
17.8

15.0
14.8
11.5

-

24.5
28.8
24.2

Hispanic origin..............................................

59

41

70.0

38

64.6

3

7.7

2.5

-

12.9

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

431
1,530
440

295
1,061
2 36

68.6
69.3
53.6

2 56
1,000
206

59.4
65.3
46.8

40
61
30

13.4
5.8
12.7

11.3
5.0
10.4

-

15.5

O kla h o m a

S ee footnotes at end of table.




44

11

-

6.6

-

15.0

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstltutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian nonS tate and population group

Civilian labor force

institutional
population

Number

2,036

1,347

W o m e n .................................................................

985
1,051

Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

163

736
611
95

W h i t e ....................................................................
Men .....................................................................

1,947
943

W om en ..............................................................

1,004

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

153

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................

417
1,271

O ther marital status2 ......................................

347

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

66.2
74.7

1,233
674

58.1
58.3

1,288
706

66.1
74.9

582
91

57.9
59.4

295
848
204

70.7

254

66.7
58.7

796
183

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

O reg o n
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................

60.6

114
62

559
79

68.4
53.2
48.6

8.5
8.4
8.5
16.6

7.6

-

9.3

7.3
7.2
12.7

-

9.6
9.8
20.5

1,179

60.6

108

646
533
75

68.5
53.1
49.2

8.4
8.4
8.4

7.5

-

9.3

59
49

7.2
7.1

-

9.6
9.7

16

17.1

13.1

-

21.2

60.8

41

62.6
52.7

52
21

14.0
6.1
10.1

11.9
5.1
7.8

-

16.2
7.1

-

12.5

52
16

P ennsylvania
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................

9,239

5,634

61.0

5,248

6.8

6.5

-

7.2

230
156

7.3

6.8

44.4

63

5.7
15.0

7.8
6.8

305

6.3
17.2

-

688

72.7
50.6
53.6

2,925
2,324

Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

3,155
2,479
369

56.8
67.4
47.4

386

4 ,340
4 ,899

W h i t e ....................................................................

5,217
2 ,937

61.9

4,884

57.9

6.0

73.7

2 ,739

6.7

W om en ..............................................................

4 ,446

2 ,280

51.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

618

345

55.8

2 ,145
290

68.8
48.2

333
198

6.4

M e n .....................................................................

8,428
3,983

738

377

51.1

326
411

197

60.3
43.8
61.8

B la c k .....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

180

Hispanic o rig in ..................................................
M e n .....................................................................

99
49

61
38

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................

2,254
5,438
1,547

1,539
3,445
650

68.3
63.3

T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

756
344

510

67.5

263
247
44

76.6

White ....................................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

725
331
394

67.5
76.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

60

489
253
236
44

O ther marital status2 ......................................

77.2

19.3
6.8
7.2

-

6.5
18.2

136

5.9

6.2
5.4

46.9

55

16.0

13.9

328

44.4

11.1

50.9
39.2

50
31
19

13.2

166
161

15.6
10.6

12.5
7.9

-

15.2
18.6

-

13.3

56
36

56.9
72.4

5
2

8.0
6.2

4.0
1.7

-

12.0
10.8

1,373

60.9
60.3

166
164
56

10.8
4.8
8.5

9.9
4.4

-

11.7
5.2

7.3

-

9.8

21
10

4.0
3.9

3.5
3.1

-

4.6
4.7

10
5

4.2
10.5

3.3
7.4

-

5.0
13.6

3,280
595

42.0

-

38.5

R h o d e Island

412
63

490
253
237

59.9
70.5

40
4 70
243
227
39

59.9
72.9

64.8
73.6
57.5
63.1
64.9
73.6
57.5

19

3.8

3.2

-

4.4

10
9

3.8
3.9

3.0
3.0

-

4.6
4.7

65.5

4

10.2

7.1

-

13.3

B la c k .....................................................................

21

14

67.7

13

60.6

1

10.4

4.5

-

16.4

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................

202
430
124

159
294
58

78.6
68.2
46.9

148
286
55

73.4
66.6

10
7

6.6
2.4

5.3
1.8

44.5

3

5.2

3.2

-

7.9
3.0
7.2

T o t a l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

2,468
1,148
1,320
227

1,602
864
738
110

64.9
75.3
55.9
48.2

1,502
821
681
89

60.9
71.5
51.6
39.3

100
43
57
20

6.2
5.0
7.7
18.5

5.5
4.1
6.5
14.1

-

6.9
5.9
8.8
22.9

W h i t e ....................................................................
M en .....................................................................

1,745

1,157
6 46

66.3
77.7

1,111
623

63.7

46
22

3.9

4.6

3.5

-

4.3

511

56.0

23

4.5

73

54.7

488
64

53.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

913
134

3.3
2.6
3.4

-

75.0

W om en ..............................................................

47.8

9

12.5

8.0

-

5.6
17.1

B la c k .....................................................................

705

379

53.8

54

12.4

10.6

306

433
210

61.4

M e n .....................................................................

68.7

190

62.1

-

14.2
11.8

399

222

55.8

189

47.4

9.5
15.1

7.3

W om en ..............................................................

20
34

12.4

-

17.7

16 to 19 y e a r s .......................

91

35

39.0

24

27.0

11

30.8

22.5

-

39.0

63.2
70.8

318

55.1
68.6
43.8

47

12.8

10.7

-

14.9

32
21

3.1
9.6

2.5
7.3

-

3.8
12.0

O ther marital status2 ......................................
S outh C a rolina

Both sexes,

831

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................

577

365

Married, spouse p re s e n t...............................

1,437
4 54

1,017
220

O ther marital status2 ......................................

985
199

48.5

See footnotes at end of table.




45




status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin,
•Continued

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force

Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unem ploym ent

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

505
246
259
40

3 45
191
154
26

68.3
77.6
59.5
65.5

329
182
147
24

65.1
74.1
56.5
58.7

16
9
8
3

4.7
4.6
4.9
10.3

5.
5.
5.
13.

481
234
247
37

331
183
148
26

68.9
78.3
60.1
68.7

318
176
142
23

66.1
75.3
57.4
62.3

14
7
7
2

4.1
3.9
4.4
9.4

4.
4.
5.

111
319
75

83
225
38

74.4
70.4
50.4

77
2 16
35

69.0
67.9
47.4

6
8
2

7.3
3.6
6.0

3,6 4 6
1,701
1,945
302

2,301
1,244
1,057
155

63.1
73.1
54.4
51.5

2,116
1,155
961
121

58.0
67.9
49.4
40.0

185
89
96
35

8.0
7.2
9.1
22.4

3,061
1,449
1,611
250

1,936
1,064
873
133

63.3
73.4
54.2
53.2

1,801
998
803
110

58.8
68.9
49.8
43.8

135
66
70
23

7.0
6.2
8.0
17.6

22.

559
2 39
3 19

3 48
171
177

62.2
71.2
55.5

298
147
151

53.4
61.5
47.3

50
23
26

14.2
13.6
14.8

16.
17.
18.

7 65
2 ,183
6 98

5 14
1,431
3 56

6 7.2
6 5.6
51.0

430
1,359
327

56.2
62.2
46.9

84
73
29

16.3
5.1
8.0

18.
5.

11,988
5 ,816
6 ,1 7 2
985

8,1 5 9
4,643
3,515
5 17

68.1
79.8
57.0
52.4

7,433
4,224
3,209
397

62.0
72.6
52.0
40.3

726
419
307
119

8.9
9.0
8.7
23.1

9.
9.
9.
25.

10,408
5 ,077
5,331
840

7 ,047
4 ,058
2 ,990
4 52

67.7
79.9
56.1
53.8

6,4 8 9
3,7 2 9
2,761
355

62.4
73.5
51.8
4 2.2

558
329
229
97

7.9
8.1
7.7
21.6

23

1,343
621
721
126

945
485
460
57

70.3
78.0
63.7
45.1

796
4 06
390
36

59.3
65.3
54.1
28.4

149
79
70
21

15.7
16.3
15.2
36.9

17.
18.
17.
46.

2,722
1,361
1,360
321

1,783
1,106
678
149

65.5
81.2
49.8
46.6

1,565
972
593
107

57.5
71.4
43.6
33.5

219
134
85
42

12.3
12.1
12.6
28.0

13.
13.
14
32.

2 ,664
7,313
2,0 1 2

1,928
4 ,990
1,240

72.4
68.2
61.6

1,650
4,659
1,123

62.0
63.7
55.8

278
331
117

14.4
6.6
9.4

15.
7.

1,078
533
545
103

755
433
321
71

70.0
81.3
58.9
69.5

709
4 10
299
63

65.8
76.9
54.9
61.2

45
23
22
9

6.0
5.4
6.8
11.9

1,044
515
529
99

730
420
310
69

70.0
81.5
58.7
70.1

688
397
2 90
61

65.9
77.1
54.9
61.9

43
23
20
8

5.8
5.4
6.4
11.7

53
31

37
26

71.4
84.6

33
23

62.1
75.6

5
3

13.0
10.6

46

12.
8.
4.
8.
8.
8.
10.
27.
7.
7.
9.

10.

8.
8.
8

10.
6.
6.
7.
14.

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Utah— Continued

235
704
140

181
486
88

77.1
69.1
62.8

165
466
78

70.2
66.3
56.0

16
20
10

9.0
4.0
10.8

7.4
3.3
8.4

-

10.6
4.7
13.2

408
196
212
30

292
158
134
20

71.7
80.9
63.2
65.0

279
152
127
17

68.3
77.5
59.9
56.1

14
7
7
3

4.7
4.2
5.2
13.7

4.0
3.4
4.2
9.9

-

5.3
5.0
6.1
17.6

405
195
211
30

290
157
133
20

71.6
80.8
63.1
65.1

277
151
126
17

68.3
77.5
59.9
56.1

13
7
7
3

4.6
4.2
5.2
13.7

4.0
3.4
4.2
9.9

-

5.3
5.0
6.1
17.6

102
239
66

79
177
36

77.4
73.9
54.9

74
170
34

72.3
71.2
51.7

5
6
2

6.6
3.6
5.7

5.2
2.9
3.8

-

8.0
4.3
7.6

4,281
2,027
2,254
345

2,885
1,579
1,306
190

67.4
77.9
57 9
55.1

2,740
1,508
1,232
154

64.0
74.4
54.7
44.6

145
71
74
36

5.0
4.5
5.7
19.0

4.4
3.7
4.7
15.2

-

3,390
1,614
1,776
244

2,275
1,268
1,006
138

67.1
78.6
56.7
56.7

2,185
1,226
959
115

64.5
76.0
54.0
47.2

89
42
47
23

3.9
3.3
4.7
16.8

3.3
2.6
3.7
12.4

-

816
381
435

556
285
271

68.1
74.8
62.3

504
258
245

61.8
67.9
56.4

52
26
26

9.4
9.2
9.5

7.6
6.8
7.0

-

11.1
11.6
12.0

1,029
2,531
721

754
1,735
396

73.3
68.6
54.8

688
1,677
375

66.9
66.3
52.0

66
58
20

8.8
3.3
5.2

7.3
2.7
3.5

-

10.3
4.0
6.8

16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

3,297
1,604
1,693
249

2,178
1,216
962
145

66.1
75.8
56.8
58.2

2,000
1,121
879
112

60.7
69.9
51.9
44.8

179
95
83
33

8.2
7.8
8.7
23.1

7.4
6.8
7.4
18.7

9.0
8.9
9.9
- 27.5

W h it e ....................................................................

3,009

Men ..............................................................

1,469

W om en ..............................................................

1,540
222

1,980
1,106
873
131

65.8
75.3
56.7
59.0

1,832
1,031
802
104

60.9
70.2
52.0
47.0

148
76
72
27

7.5
6.8
8.2
20.3

6.6
5.8
6.9
15.8

-

99

71

71.5

55

55.3

16

22.7

15.3

- 30.0

699
2,024
573

522
1,337
320

74.6
66.0

444
1,272
283

63.5
62.8
49.4

77
65
36

14.8
4.9
11.4

12.7
4.0
9.0

-

1,457
682
775
110

743
436
307
41

51.0
64.0
39.6
37.2

655
379
277

88

33

45.0
55.6
35.7
29.7

11.8
13.2
9.9
20.1

10.8
11.7
8.4
14.7

- 12.9
- 14.6
- 11.4
- 25.5

717
422
295
39

51.1
64.4
39.5
36.9

634
368
266
31

45.2
56.2
35.7
29.7

83
54
29

16 to 19 years .......................

1,401
655
746
104

7

11.5
12.8
9.8
19.4

10.5
11.3
8.3
13.9

- 12.6
- 14.2
- 11.3
- 24.9

B la c k ........................................................

45

19

43.3

15

32.6

5

24.7

15.9

- 33.4

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................

258
932
268

139
515
89

54,1
55.3

115
466
75

44.5
50.0
28.0

25
49
14

17.7
9.6
15.6

14.9
8.4
12.2

- 20.5
- 10.7
- 18.9

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

Vermont
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes,

16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

W h i t e ....................................................................
Men .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................

16 to 19 years .......................

Both sexes,

Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

-

Virginia
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes,

16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

W h i t e ....................................................................
M en .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................
B la c k .....................................................................
Men .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

5.6
5.3
6.6
- 22.8
4.6
- 4.1
5.7
- 21.1

Washington
T o ta l.......................................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes,

Both sexes,

16 to 19 years .......................

B la c k .......................
Single (never m a rrie d )....................................
Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2

...............................

55.8

8.3
7.9
9.5
24.9

16.9
5.7
13.8

West Virginia
T o t a l ..........................................................
M e n .......................................................................
W o m e n ................................................................
Both sexes,

16 to 19 y e a r s .........................

W h it e .......................................................
M e n .....................................................................
W om en ..............................................................
Both sexes,

Married, spouse p r e s e n t...............................
O ther marital status2 ......................................

33.2

See footnotes at end of table.




47

57
30
8

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Total...........................................................
Men...........................................................
Women.....................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................
W hite........................................................
M e n .........................................................
Women ...................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...................

State and population group

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

3,585
1,752
1,833
278

2,399
1,350
1,049
177

66.9
77.1
57.2
63.7

2,230
1,251
979
148

62.2
71.4
53.4
53.3

169
99
70
29

7.0
7.4
6.6
16.3

6.2
6.3
5.5
12.2

-

7.8
8.4
7.8
20.4

3,397
1,661
1,736
255

2,287
1,291
997
166

67.3
77.7
57.4
65.1

2,147
1,209
938
142

63.2
72.8
54.0
55.8

140
81
58
24

6.1

63
59
14.2

5.3
5.3
4.7
10.2

-

6.9
7.3
7.0
18.2

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Wisconsin

Black.........................................................

140

95

68.2

69

49.5

26

27.3

21.0

-

33.7

Single (never married).............................
Married, spouse present.........................
Other marital status2 ...............................

882
2,159
543

639
1,500
260

72.4
69.5
47.8

564
1,429
237

64.0
66.2
43.6

75
71
23

11.7
4.7
8.9

9.8
3.9
6.2

-

13.6
5.6
11.5

Total...........................................................
Men..........................................................
Women.....................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................

355
176
179
28

249
143
107
15

70.3
81.1
59.6
54.9

227
129
98
12

64.0
73.7
54.5
42.9

22

9.0
9.2
8.6
21.8

8.1
8.0
7.3
17.2

-

9.9
10.4
10.0
26.5

W hite........................................................
Men ........................................................
Women ...................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................

349
172
177
28

245
140
105
15

70.3
81.3
59.6
54.4

224
127
96
12

64.1
73.8
54.6
42.9

22

3

8.9
9.2
8.5
21.2

8.0
8.0
7.2
16.6

-

9.8
10.3
9.8
25.9

-

Wyoming

13
9

3
13
9

Hispanic origin..........................................

16

11

70.4

9

55.0

2

21.9

15.6

-

28.2

Single (never married).............................
Married, spouse present.........................
Other marital status2 ...............................

66

46
169
34

70.3
72.6
60.4

39
158
31

58.4
67.8
54.6

8
11
3

16.9
6.7
9.6

14.4
5.7
7.2

-

19.5
7.6
12.1

233
56

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means
that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range
constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value based
on a complete census of the population would be contained within these error ranges.
2 “Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with
spouse absent.
3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.




NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

48




Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual
averages
(In thousands)

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules'

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time'

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

TOTAL

Alabama ......................................
A laska..........................................
Arizona ..........................................
Arkansas......................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida..........................................

1,387
184
1,199
791
10,211
1,252
1,358
256
263
4,333

113
18
85
71
620
104
38
15
11
256

197
27
193
118
1,642
212
278
40
28
680

160
25
95
78
726
102
51
11
21
251

26
3
15
16
166
24
15
3
4
69

G eorgia........................................
Hawaii ..........................................
Id ah o .............................................
Illinois...........................................
Indiana.........................................
Iow a...............................................
Kansas .........................................
Kentucky......................................
Louisiana .....................................
Maine ...........................................

2,364
375
323
4,222
2,028
1,013
932
1,215
1,370
416

133
24
37
248
149
86
47
104
142
32

339
65
67
755
388
233
178
215
214
85

142
20
32
379
147
78
53
136
222
23

36
4
9
82
39
23
14
20
39
7

M aryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi...................................
Missouri .......................................
Montana.......................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire..........................

1,889
2,332
3,196
1,589
843
1,906
280
590
428
450

71
75
207
128
80
119
32
44
29
12

293
527
604
378
105
349
62
129
51
84

85
88
304
86
117
127
26
31
27
11

21
30
82
32
19
27
6
9
5
4

New Jersey .................................
New M exico ................................
New Y o rk.....................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
Oregon .........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

3,078
482
6,541
2,528
233
3,840
1,171
956
4,171
391

90
37
281
140
21
238
104
86
276
18

528
90
1,060
356
56
731
186
191
801
81

158
52
437
137
15
349
109
94
314
15

38
10
89
33
6
77
22
20
72
5

South Carolina............................
South D akota..............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ...........................................
Utah .............................................
Verm ont.......................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin ....................................
W yoming......................................

1,240
253
1,761
6,160
528
222
2,314
1,557
523
1,711
176

79
21
135
456
36
11
107
117
62
125
20

182
54
220
816
145
46
319
325
70
394
31

86
13
152
609
33
10
107
140
78
133
19

14
4
33
116
12
3
38
39
10
36
4

Alabama ......................................
A lask a..........................................
Arizona.........................................
Arkansas ......................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida..........................................

821
108
717
476
6,236
737
825
149
134
2,506

50
9
40
32
312
50
19
6
5
134

56
7
70
37
512
60
69
11
11
234

84
16
(2)
39
433
66
(2)
(2)
10
138

10
1
(2)
9
71
7
(2)
(2)
2
30

G eorgia........................................
H a w aii..........................................
Id a h o .............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana.........................................
Iow a...............................................
Kansas .........................................
Kentucky......................................

1,363
210
204
2,575
1,230
635
567
753

60
10
16
113
67
33
23
56

117
27
19
239
119
78
51
77

57
11
21
230
76
47
28
80

15
1
4
31
15
8
6
9

Men

See footnotes at end of table.
49




Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Men—Continued

Louisiana.....................................
M a in e ............................................

837
260

67
12

68
23

126
13

15
3

M aryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
M ichigan.......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi...................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana.......................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire..........................

1,098
1,394
2,002
981
502
1,141
177
360
241
275

30
31
84
56
40
57
13
18
14
4

88
142
180
122
35
110
20
37
16
23

41
53
179
54
61
74
17
18
ft
ft

7
11
33
12
8
12
2
3

New Jersey .................................
New M exico................................
New Y o rk......................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
O regon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

1,885
304
3,952
1,467
150
2,371
684
584
2,597
222

44
19
125
62
7
100
54
37
115
8

152
28
296
114
16
210
58
53
212
23

89
34
279
68

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee...................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Verm ont.......................................
Virginia.........................................
W ashington.................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin....................................
Wyoming......................................

725
158
1,022
3,694
343
136
1,372
965
329
1,081
113

33
8
53
255
15
4
39
61
28
51
8

62
17
79
275
52
12
98
94
22
118
9

Alabama ......................................
A laska...........................................
Arizona..........................................
Arkansas .......................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

566
76
482
315
3,975
515
533
107
129
1,827

63
9
45
39
308
54
20
9
6
122

142
19
123
81
1,131
152
209
28
18
446

G eorgia.........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Id a h o .............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iow a...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana......................................
M a in e ............................................

1,001
165
118
1,647
798
378
365
461
533
156

73
13
21
135
82
53
25
48
76
19

221
38
48
515
269
155
127
138
146
62

M aryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
M ichigan.......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi...................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana...... .................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire..........................

791
938
1,194
608
340
765
103
230
187
175

41
43
123
72
40
62
19
26
15
8

New Jersey .................................
New M exico................................
New Y o rk.....................................
North Carolina ............................

1,194
178
2,589
1,061

46
18
155
79

ft
ft

ft
225
68
55
204

12
4
33
13
ft
32
9
8
26

ft

ft

37
7
76
362
19
ft
54
80
53
85
12

6
1
13
57
5
ft
17
15
4
14
2

Women

See footnotes at end of table.
50

76
8

16
2

ft

ft

39
293
36
ft
ft
11
113

7
95
17
ft
ft
2
39

85
11
149
71
30
24
56
96
10

21
ft
4
51
24
15
8
11
24
5

205
385
424
256
69
239
43
92
35
61

44
34
124
32
57
54
9
ft
ft
ft

14
19
49
21
11
15
4
ft
ft
ft

376
62
763
242

ft
158
69

ft

68

26
ft
56
20




Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules’

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time’

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Women— Continued

North Dakota ..............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
O regon.........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

83
1,468
487
372
1,574
169

13
138
51
48
160
10

40
521
129
139
589
58

ft
124
41
40
109
ft

ft
45
13
12
46
ft

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ...........................................
Utah ..............................................
Verm ont.......................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington.................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin....................................
Wyoming......................................

515
96
739
2,466
186
86
942
592
195
629
64

46
14
82
202
21
6
68
56
34
74
11

120
37
140
541
92
35
222
230
48
276
22

49
5
76
247

8
2
20
60

Alabama ......................................
A laska..........................................
Arizona.........................................
Arkansas......................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida..........................................

35
4
43
22
229
23
35
7
3
115

12
1
13
9
70
11
6
2
2
32

36
5
48
28
341
44
64
9
5
149

(2)
(2)
(2)
ft
65

ft
ft
ft
ft

0
ft
ft
(2)
32

ft
ft
ft
ft
35

G eorgia........................................
Hawaii ..........................................
Id a h o ............................................
Illinois...........................................
Indiana.........................................
Iow a...............................................
Kansas .........................................
Kentucky......................................
Louisiana .....................................
M a in e ............................................

62
8
10
99
54
31
21
31
36
14

16
3
7
29
24
11
7
16
19
4

85
13
16
197
75
63
36
44
52
17

ft
(2)
ft
41
(2)
(2)
(2)
ft
ft
ft

ft
ft
ft
41
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

Maryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi ...................................
Missouri .......................................
Montana.......................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire..........................

54
73
89
37
23
56
8
14
13
14

10
12
38
16
9
19
4
6
4
3

76
124
162
97
20
80
13
31
13
22

(2)
10
38
I2)
19
ft
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

ft

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico ................................
New Y o rk.....................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
O regon.........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

83
13
138
80
7
105
27
26
102
15

12
7
34
15
3
42
11
13
38
4

123
19
215
80
11
168
40
41
166
20

17
(2)
47
20
ft
34

15
ft
38
16
ft
39

<2)
(2)
32

ft
ft

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee...................................
Texas ...........................................
Utah ..............................................
Verm ont.......................................
Virginia.........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin....................................

31
8
46
152
20
7
65
29
10
40

14
3
19
54
6
2
14
14
8
18

44
12
56
190
37
9
75
68
14
90

(2)
(2)
(2)
64

ft
O
53
60
25
48
7

ft
ft
21
24
5
22
2

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

See footnotes at end of table.

51

(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
ft
ft

76

12
39
ft
9
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

31
ft
ft
ft
ft
56
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft




Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years—Continued

Wyoming......................................

4

2

6

Alabama ......................................
A laska...........................................
Arizona.........................................
Arkansas......................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

1,135
155
1,135
695
8,723
1,162
1,264
216
89
3,686

67
11
80
48
533
97
34
11
3
178

G eorgia.........................................
H a w aii...........................................
Id ah o .............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Io w a...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky......................................
Louisiana .....................................
M a in e ............................................

1,740
114
315
3,653
1,898
998
878
1,146
1,046
412

Maryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi...................................
Missouri .......................................
Montana.......................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire..........................

(*)

<*)

167
22
186
100
1,461
203
267
35
10
596

90
17
86
48
590
85
45
8
(2)
168

15
2
14
9
130
21
14
2
(2)
50

63
8
36
202
134
83
44
91
79
31

255
24
66
700
365
22 9
171
204
177
84

62
(2)
31
242
120
73
43
120
116
22

15
<2)
8
60
31
22
12
19
25
7

1,425
2,199
2,836
1,542
586
1,710
270
571
381
446

42
69
167
120
35
101
30
41
25
12

243
506
560
366
75
320
61
126
46
84

49
80
211
78
48
99
22
27
23
11

12
28
60
29
8
21
6
9
5
4

New Jerse y.................................
New M exico................................
New Y o rk.....................................
North Carolina ............................
North D a k o ta ..............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
O regon.........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

2,629
450
5,489
2,045
226
3,489
1,031
917
3,867
375

73
32
238
88
20
210
86
81
249
17

481
85
958
300
55
688
166
181
768
78

113
41
308
83
13
281
77
89
269
14

30
8
71
21
5
60
17
19
64
5

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Verm ont.......................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin....................................
Wyoming.......................................

933
245
1,503
5,400
512
221
1,855
1,420
506
1,647
174

41
20
105
370
35
10
71
106
60
117
19

138
53
193
719
141
46
259
306
68
384
31

38
10
110
463
31
10
64
115
73
108
18

8
3
25
95
12
3
26
33
9
32

Alabama .......................................
A laska...........................................
Arkansas ......................................
California .....................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

245
6

46

30

1

1

91

22
41

17
58
6

G eorgia.........................................
Illinois............................................

603
459

White

4

Black

606
57
85
35
167
596

4
4

9
4

8
73

18
73

70
42

42

5

See footnotes at end of table.

52

80

69
n

29
83

(2)
(2)
(*)

19

11
(2)
6
20
(2)
t2)
<*>

80

3
17

80
130

20
21




Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed workers by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules'

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time'

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Black—Continued

Indiana.........................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky......................................
Louisiana.....................................

107
46
68
305

14
2
12
61

20
4
11
35

I2)
f2)
ft
105

M aryland......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ......................................
Mississippi...................................
Missouri .......................................
Nevada ........................................

419
95
304
255
179
29

28
5
35
45
17
3

41
14
31
29
24
3

34
(2)
87
70
(2)
(2)

New Jersey .................................
New Y ork.....................................
North Carolina ............................
O hio...............................................
Oklahom a....................................
Pennsylvania...............................

375
821
447
323
64
274

15
35
49
28
9
25

39
82
53
37
9
29

43
114
50
67
ft
42

South Carolina............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ............................................
Virginia..........................................
Wisconsin....................................

299
241
639
415
55

38
30
76
35
7

42
27
81
54
7

48
42
129
ft
ft

Arizona .........................................
California .....................................
Colorado......................................
Connecticut.................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................
Id ah o .............................................
Illinois............................................
Kansas .........................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ......................................
Nevada ........................................

188
2,021
106
46
10
519
14
250
24
41
47
35

18
181
15
2
1
37
2
22
1
3
5
4

26
212
15
4
1
63
1
20
2
6
5
3

ft
243
ft
ft
ft
39
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico ................................
New Y o rk.....................................
O hio...............................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Wyoming......................................

213
168
619
30
48
1,243
26
7

10
17
30
2
3
172
4
1

24
30
61
5
6
150
3
1

24
27
75
ft
ft
182

ft
ft
ft
14
8
ft
18
11
ft
ft
7
17
12
17
ft
8
6
8
19
ft
ft

Hispanic origin

' Employed persons with a job but not at work
are distributed according to w hether they usually
work full- or part-time.
2 Data are not shown w hen the labor force
base does not m eet BLS publication standards of
reliability for the particular area, based on the
sam ple in that area. S ee appendix B.

ft
ft

ft
39
ft
ft
ft
8
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
2
3
11
ft
ft
36
ft
ft

NOTE: Items may not add to totals because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin
groups will not add to totals because data for the
"other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black
population groups.

53

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages
(Numbers in thousands)

Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al
spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerica

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
production, Machine
Transpor­ equipment forestry,
craft, and operators,
tation and cleaners, and fishing
repair
assem­
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Alabama...........................................
Alaska.............................................
Arizona............................................
Arkansas.........................................
California..........................................
Colorado.........................................
Connecticut.....................................
Delaware.........................................
District of Columbia........................
Florida.............................................

1,850
255
1,577
1,058
13,255
1,682
1,734
323
325
5,551

147
36
207
87
1,722
235
249
38
47
653

206
38
180
93
1,771
240
255
38
62
618

61
8
(2)
27
433
58
58
13
12
152

228
26
184
126
1.590
224
206
41
22
822

256
41
236
138
2,213
262
300
58
66
877

232
38
238
148
1,656
246
183
42
66
818

257
32
223
155
1,596
198
211
40
18
727

201
(2)
(2)
104
897
62
131
22
(2)
247

102
11
(2)
63
474
54
60
13
13
209

103
13
73
59
500
63
61
13
11
254

55
(2)
(2)
60
398
ft
ft
(2)
(2)
172

Georgia...........................................
Hawaii .............................................
Idaho...............................................
Illinois..............................................
Indiana............................................
Iowa.................................................
Kansas ............................................
Kentucky.........................................
Louisiana .........................................
M aine..............................................

2,988
485
465
5,620
2,726
1,420
1,217
1,671
1,947
558

330
57
44
635
227
110
125
133
156
56

298
61
48
690
277
149
149
175
221
62

71
15
ft
150
72
31
35
(2)
63
14

362
61
53
652
291
159
136
197
281
60

486
82
66
998
406
194
201
223
312
77

410
88
71
749
389
231
160
257
299
71

386
49
57
651
388
158
139
220
253
81

261
14
28
436
297
99
84
154
93
54

134
17
25
228
123
67
55
105
117
25

176
20
21
290
154
68
52
85
101
32

69
19
41
140
100
153
81
89
(2)
27

Maryland..........................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan .........................................
Minnesota........................................
Mississippi.......................................
Missouri...........................................
Montana..........................................
Nebraska.........................................
Nevada ...........................................
New Hampshire..............................

2,343
3,038
4,325
2,200
1,140
2,511
404
800
538
560

309
389
406
232
99
261
41
76
63
66

337
479
486
262
115
271
56
82
50
65

89
115
131
79
29
71
(2)
ft
(2)
22

253
344
484
234
127
293
51
90
81
68

438
520
654
350
150
373
53
126
80
81

312
386
645
316
147
371
65
121
134
64

285
353
529
231
152
327
41
85
56
90

95
233
498
142
123
203
12
46
(2)
56

88
94
179
88
77
115
19
40
(2)
16

92
98
205
101
75
132
17
35
<2)
26

45
28
105
165
46
93
41
77
C2)
ft

New Jersey .....................................
New Mexico ....................................
New York........................................
North Carolina.................................
North Dakota...................................
Ohio.................................................
Oklahoma........................................
Oregon............................................
Pennsylvania...................................
Rhode Island...................................

3,868
664
8,337
3,172
329
5,181
1,583
1,340
5,594
508

509
79
1,007
299
29
519
177
151
566
51

497
89
1,238
335
37
637
183
160
697
67

129
ft
233
80
(2)
162
47
(2)
167
17

477
86
954
362
38
605
187
163
642
54

711
95
1,559
439
44
767
253
203
889
81

469
96
1,208
374
52
722
231
195
769
68

452
89
893
440
34
620
190
142
685
67

259
ft
515
439
(2)
540
93
99
493
64

155
29
303
138
14
232
74
61
262
16

162
32
300
164
(2)
264
72
72
296
15

48
ft
125
100
51
110
76
63
127
ft

South Carolina................................
South Dakota..................................
Tennessee .......................................
Texas ..............................................
Utah.................................................
Vermont..........................................
Virginia............................................
Washington .....................................
West Virginia...................................
Wisconsin ........................................
Wyoming.........................................

1,583
343
2,274
8,083
751
291
2,865
2,160
733
2,378
248

148
30
185
964
87
33
360
250
62
228
20

157
36
218
885
99
40
347
296
76
284
26

41
8
62
256
25
10
93
(2)
<2)
56
ft

187
40
260
1,095
86
33
329
270
83
243
28

215
44
320
1,289
118
42
452
329
92
330
34

199
54
308
1,063
111
40
348
311
115
343
40

218
38
313
1,062
93
41
363
264
125
297
38

212
14
302
429
45
20
199
95
47
241
9

74
13
105
398
28
9
129
94
51
96
21

96
12
118
401
34
10
152
85
52
126
11

36
53
83
239
26
13
91
101
ft
131
15

Alabama..........................................
Alaska.............................................
Arizona............................................
Arkansas ..........................................
California..........................................
Colorado..........................................
Connecticut.....................................
Delaware.........................................
District of Columbia.........................
Florida.............................................

1,697
229
1,476
979
12,473
1,568
1,674
311
302
5,268

142
35
202
84
1,675
226
246
37
46
638

203
36
172
90
1,723
235
249
38
61
606

58
7
<2)
26
418
56
57
13
12
149

215
24
176
120
1,513
210
201
39
20
784

241
38
221
131
2,104
249
289
56
62
838

204
33
219
129
1,536
218
175
40
59
756

234
26
203
142
1,489
183
202
39
16
695

173
ft
(2)
94
796
55
123
19
(2)
221

93
8
(2)
58
436
48
55
12
11
194

83
10
66
50
436
54
57
12
9
230

Georgia...........................................
Hawaii .............................................
Idaho...............................................
Illinois..............................................
Indiana............................................

2,836
465
427
5,225
2,565

325
56
42
615
222

292
60
46
674
274

70
15

343
59
49
613
277

468
79
62
943
386

374
83
66
681
354

373
46
52
601
365

240
13
23
384
275

128
16
22
200
115

158
19
18
241
133

EMPLOYED

(2)
143
70

See footnotes at end of table.




54

51
ft
ft
56
347
ft
ft
ft
ft
158
64
18
36
131
94

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
production, Machine
Transpor­ equipment forestry,
craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, and fishing
repair
assem­
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

EMPLOYED—Continued

Iowa.................................................
Kansas ............................................
Kentucky.........................................
Louisiana ........................................
Maine ..............................................

1,332
1,158
1,533
1,727
532

107
123
129
151
55

147
147
171
214
61

30
35
(2)
58
13

151
131
186
253
59

184
192
213
288
74

211
149
223
246
67

146
129
193
219
77

87
78
138
77
49

62
50
96
99
24

56
46
74
80
28

149
79
81
ft
24

Maryland.........................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan .........................................
Minnesota.......................................
Mississippi ......................................
Missouri...........................................
Montana..........................................
Nebraska........................................
Nevada ...........................................
New Hampshire..............................

2,252
2,934
4,007
2,095
1,027
2,374
374
763
508
546

302
381
394
225
96
254
40
74
61
65

332
470
472
258
112
266
54
80
49
64

87
112
127
78
28
70
ft
(2)
(2)
22

241
333
458
226
116
281
48
88
76
67

425
504
617
334
140
359
50
122
77
79

288
370
582
299
127
336
59
114
126
60

278
339
488
216
135
310
36
79
52
88

91
220
440
129
106
183
10
43
ft
55

84
88
164
78
69
107
16
38
(2)
16

81
90
172
91
59
120
13
32
ft
25

44
27
93
161
40
88
38
75
ft
ft

New Jersey .....................................
New Mexico ....................................
New York........................................
North Carolina.................................
North Dakota...................................
Ohio.................................................
Oklahoma.......................................
Oregon............................................
Pennsylvania ...................................
Rhode Island...................................

3,696
610
7,881
3,024
310
4,809
1,462
1,233
5,248
490

501
76
986
294
28
503
171
146
556
50

487
86
1,208
329
36
621
178
155
683
65

126
<2)
227
77
(2)
157
44
(2)
161
17

461
82
909
348
36
572
177
151
609
53

684
89
1,491
423
42
732
239
193
852
78

443
84
1,119
349
48
649
206
173
711
65

436
77
831
421
31
563
168
125
632
64

231
ft
462
411
<2)
484
80
85
440
61

141
24
282
133
12
210
66
55
238
15

144
27
254
146
(2)
221
60
63
248
14

43
ft
113
93
49
98
72
58
119
ft

South Carolina................................
South Dakota..................................
Tennessee ......................................
Texas ..............................................
Utah.................................................
Vermont..........................................
Virginia ............................................
Washington .....................................
West Virginia...................................
Wisconsin.......................................
Wyoming.........................................

1,502
329
2,116
7,433
709
279
2,740
2,000
655
2,230
227

147
29
179
927
84
32
355
239
59
222
20

155
36
214
862
98
40
341
289
75
278
25

40
8
60
245
24
10
92
(2)
ft
54
(2)

176
39
245
1,015
82
32
313
257
78
234
26

209
43
305
1,211
112
40
440
306
88
316
32

183
51
275
952
102
37
322
274
102
319
36

208
36
289
950
86
39
347
245
105
274
34

192
13
271
370
41
19
186
81
38
216
8

71
12
99
355
26
9
119
85
43
88
19

86
10
102
333
31
9
136
74
41
106
9

34
51
77
213
25
12
89
90
ft
123
14

153
27
101
79
782
114
60
12
23
283

5
2
5
2
47
8
3
(3)
1
15

3
2
8
4
48
5
6
<3)
2
12

3
1

13
2
8
5
78
14
5
1
3
39

14
3
14
8
109
12
10
1
4
39

28
5
19
19
119
28
8
2
7
62

24
5
19
12
107
15
9
1
2
32

28

9
3

20
3
7
9
64
9
4
1
2
25

Iowa.................................................
Kansas ............................................
Kentucky.........................................
Louisiana ........................................
Maine..............................................

152
21
38
395
160
88
59
138
220
26

4
1
2
19
5
3
3
4
5
1

Maryland.........................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan .........................................
Minnesota........................................
Mississippi ......................................
Missouri...........................................
Montana..........................................
Nebraska........................................
Nevada ...........................................

91
104
317
105
113
137
30
37
30

7
8
13
6
3
7
1
3
2

UNEMPLOYED

Alabama..........................................
Alaska.............................................
Arizona............................................
Arkansas.........................................
California.........................................
Colorado .........................................
Connecticut .....................................
Delaware.........................................
District of Columbia........................
Florida.............................................
Georgia...........................................
Hawaii .............................................
Idaho...............................................
Illinois..............................................

6
2
1
17
4
2
2
4
7
(3)

(2)
<3)
15
3
1
<3)
(3)
3
1
(3)
(2)
7
2
1
1
(2)
4
(3)

5
9
14
3
3
5
2
2

2
3
3
1
1
1
(2)
(2)

’

0

See footnotes at end of table.




55

(2)
ft

0

10
101
7
9
3
ft
26

5
38
6
5
1
1
15
6

19
2
4
39
14
8
4
10
28
1

18
3
4
55
20
10
9
10
23
2

35
5
5
68
35
20
11
33
53
4

12
3
5
50
23
11
9
28
35
4

21
1
5
52
22
12
6
17
16
5

12
10
26
8
11
12
3
3
5

13
16
37
16
9
14
3
5
4

23
16
63
16
20
35
6
7
8

7
14
41
16
17
17
5
6
4

4
13
59
13
17
20
2
3
ft

3
28
9
5
5
9
18
1

19
1
3
49
20
11
6
11
21
4

4
6
15
10
8
8
3
3

11
8
33
11
16
12
3
4

<3)

ft

ft

4
ft
ft
4
50
ft
ft
ft
ft
14
5
1
5
8
6
4
2
9
ft
3
1
1
12
4
6
6
2
3
ft

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Farming,
Handlers,
Transpor­ equipment forestry,
tation and cleaners, and fishing
helpers,
material
moving
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

New Hampshire..............................

14

1

1

New Jersey .....................................
New Mexico ....................................
New York.........................................
North Carolina.................................
North Dakota...................................
Ohio.................................................
Oklahoma........................................
Oregon............................................
Pennsylvania...................................
Rhode Island...................................

172
55
456
148
19
372
121
107
346
18

8
3
21
5
1
16
6
4
11
1

9
2
31
6
1
15
5
5
13
1

South Carolina................................
South Dakota..................................
Tennessee .......................................
Texas ..............................................
Utah.................................................
Vermont...........................................
Virginia............................................
Washington .....................................
West Virginia...................................
Wisconsin........................................
Wyoming..........................................

81
15
158
651
42
12
125
161
78
148
21

1
1
7
37
3
1
5
11
3
6
1

1
1
3
23
1
1
6
7
1
7
1

Alabama..........................................
Alaska.............................................
Arizona............................................
Arkansas.........................................
California..........................................
Colorado.........................................
Connecticut.....................................
Delaware.........................................
District of Columbia.........................
Florida.............................................

8.3
10.4
6.4
7.5
5.9
6.7
3.4
3.8
7.0
5.1

3.2
4.1
2.4
2.5
2.8
3.5
1.1
1.1
2.2
2.4

1.2
4.0
4.4
3.8
2.7
2.0
2.3
1.0
2.7
2.0

Georgia...........................................
Hawaii .............................................
Idaho...............................................
Illinois..............................................
Indiana............................................
Iowa.................................................
Kansas ............................................
Kentucky..........................................
Louisiana .........................................
Maine ..............................................

5.1
4.2
8.2
7.0
5.9
6.2
4.9
8.3
11.3
4.7

1.3
1.5
4.6
3.1
2.1
3.1
2.1
3.1
3.2
1.2

Maryland.........................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan ..........................................
Minnesota........................................
Mississippi .......................................
Missouri...........................................
Montana..........................................
Nebraska.........................................
Nevada ...........................................
New Hampshire..............................

3.9
3.4
7.3
4.8
9.9
5.5
7.5
4.6
5.5
2.5

New Jersey .....................................
New Mexico ....................................
New York.........................................
North Carolina.................................
North Dakota...................................
Ohio.................................................
Oklahoma........................................
Oregon............................................
Pennsylvania...................................
Rhode Island...................................
South Carolina................................

1

2

3

2

1

1

2

ft

16
5
45
14
2
33
10
12
33
1

27
6
68
16
2
36
15
11
37
3

26
12
89
25
4
73
25
22
58
3

16
13
62
19
3
57
22
16
53
3

28

14
5
21
5
2
22
8
7
24
1

19
6
46
17

ft

10
1
15
81
5
1
16
13
6
10
2

6
2
14
78
6
1
11
24
4
14
2

16
3
33
111
10
3
26
38
13
24
3

9
2
24
112
7
2
16
20
20
23
4

20
1
31
60
4
1
13
14
9
26
1

4.7
7.8
(2)
.4
3.4
4.4
1.4
2.8
3.9
2.1

5.6
8.2
4.3
4.2
4.9
6.3
2.5
3.6
11.3
4.7

5.5
7.4
6.0
5.7
4.9
4.8
3.4
2.5
5.4
4.5

12.0
13.1
7.8
12.8
7.2
11.5
4.4
4.4
10.2
7.5

9.2
15.9
8.7
7.9
6.7
7.8
4.2
3.1
8.4
4.4

2.0
2.7
2.7
2.4
1.3
1.4
1.6
2.3
3.1
.7

1.4
2.2
(2)
4.7
3.2
2.9
2.5
l2)
6.9
3.2

5.3
3.7
6.7
6.0
4.9
4.8
3.3
5.3
10.0
1.1

3.8
3.3
5.4
5.6
4.9
5.1
4.6
4.5
7.5
3.2

8.6
5.6
7.6
9.1
9.0
8.5
6.8
13.0
17.6
6.0

2.3
2.1
3.1
2.7
2.9
2.6
1.8
3.4
3.4
1.0

1.5
1.8
2.8
1.2
2.8
1.7
3.2
2.0
2.0
1.6

2.3
2.8
2.7
1.5
3.8
1.7
ft
ft
ft
1.2

4.6
3.0
5.4
3.5
9.0
4.0
5.4
2.9
5.9
1.7

3.0
3.1
5.6
4.6
6.3
3.8
6.0
3.6
4.4
2.0

4.4
8.2
5.5
4.7
5.8
7.2
7.6
8.0
6.2
3.6

1.5
3.6
2.1
1.6
2.4
3.2
3.4
2.8
1.9
1.6

1.9
2.3
2.5
1.7
2.2
2.4
2.8
3.0
1.9
1.9

2.8
ft
2.9
4.4
ft
3.1
4.8
ft
3.7
.9

3.4
5.6
4.7
3.8
5.2
5.4
5.2
7.3
5.1
2.5

5.1

.8

.9

3.1

5.6

ft
4
(2)
7
4
ft
5
2
ft
6
(3)
1
ft
2 '

11
1
ft
2
(2)
ft
2
(2)

ft
53
28
ft
56
13
14
53
4

3
1
6
42
3

5
11
7
2
12
4
5
9

ft
43
11
8
48
1

ft

10
9
8
8
2

10
2
16
67
2
1
16
12
10
20
3

13.9
ft
ft
9.6
11.2
10.7
6.5
14.3
ft
10.5

9.1
23.3
ft
8.7
8.0
11.3
7.6
5.5
11.2
7.2

19.4
24.6
9.4
15.8
12.8
14.4
7.2
6.6
21.1
9.7

7.9
ft
ft
6.2
12.7
ft
ft
ft
ft
8.0

3.2
6.6
9.2
7.7
5.8
7.2
6.8
12.6
13.6
5.3

8.1
7.9
16.6
11.9
7.4
12.2
7.3
10.8
17.4
9.4

4.2
2.1
10.9
12.2
7.0
8.1
8.8
8.5
15.6
5.6

10.6
6.9
16.1
16.9
13.3
16.6
10.8
13.0
20.8
11.3

7.4
7.7
12.9
6.0
5.9
2.4
3.1
9.6
ft
10.9

7.5
4.1
9.8
5.2
13.4
9.4
8.8
6.1
6.1
5.4

2.5
3.8
7.8
6.8
11.4
5.1
11.9
6.5
7.6
2.2

4.4
5.5
11.8
9.0
13.7
9.8
14.3
6.9
ft
2.4

4.6
6.5
8.5
10.9
10.3
7.0
14.4
6.4
ft
3.9

11.6
8.4
16.1
10.5
21.2
9.0
20.8
10.6
ft
6.0

3.2
4.1
11.4
2.6
13.3
6.3
5.6
3.3
ft
ft

3.8
6.4
4.4
3.7
5.2
4.6
5.9
5.2
4.1
3.2

5.6
12.2
7.4
6.8
6.8
10.1
10.8
11.5
7.5
4.0

3.4
14.4
6.9
4.4
10.1
9.2
11.4
11.3
7.8
4.3

10.8
ft
10.3
6.4
ft
10.4
14.1
14.2
10.8
5.5

8.7
15.6
7.0
3.8
13.1
9.5
10.7
10.8
9.0
4.1

11.5
17.9
15.3
10.5
ft
16.4
15.7
11.6
16.3
8.1

11.1
ft
9.0
6.9
4.1
11.0
5.0
7.9
6.9
ft

2.6

8.2

4.3

9.4

4.1

10.0

6.0

ft

2
1
6
25
1
ft
2
11
ft
8
1

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

See footnotes at end of table.




56

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Techni­
Executive,
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
production, Machine Transpor­ equipment forestry,
craft, and operators,
tation and cleaners, and fishing
repair
assem­
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

South Dakota..................................
Tennessee ......................................
Texas ..............................................
Utah.................................................
Vermont..........................................
Virginia............................................
Washington ....................................
West Virginia...................................
Wisconsin .......................................
Wyoming.........................................

4.3
7.0
8.0
5.6
4.3
4.3
7.4
10.7
6.2
8.3

1.9
3.5
3.8
3.9
2.4
1.5
4.5
5.0
2.5
4.0

1.5
1.5
2.6
.7
1.5
1.7
2.3
1.9
2.3
3.8

3.0
3.3
4.4
4.2
.7
1.9
ft
ft
2.8
ft

3.2
5.7
7.4
5.5
3.5
4.9
4.7
7.1
3.9
8.9

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.




3.9
4.5
6.0
4.9
3.4
2.5
7.2
4.0
4.3
5.6

6.2
10.7
10.5
8.7
6.9
7.6
12.1
11.2
6.9
8.7

5.4
7.8
10.5
7.3
5.7
4.4
7.5
16.1
7.7
9.7

5.5
10.1
13.9
8.4
7.2
6.4
14.4
18.6
10.7
11.5

8.8
6.0
10.7
9.2
4.6
7.5
9.7
15.1
8.7
11.0

15.0
13.8
16.8
6.9
8.9
10.5
13.7
19.7
16.0
22.6

2.2
7.1
10.5
3.5
2.9
2.5
10.8
ft
5.9
5.8

3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

57

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1986 annual
averages
Total employed

Population group and State

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Alabama............................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ...........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware...........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

1,697
229
1,476
979
12,473
1,568
1,674
311
302
5,268

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
15.3
13.7
8.6
13.4
14.4
14.7
12.0
15.1
12.1

12.0
15.8
11.7
9.1
13.8
15.0
14.9
12.1
20.1
11.5

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky............................................
Louisiana..........................................
Maine................................................

2,836
465
427
5,225
2,565
1,332
1,158
1,533
1,727
532

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.5
12.1
9.8
11.8
8.7
8.0
10.6
8.4
8.7
10.3

Maryland............................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan............................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri .............................................
Montana............................................
Nebraska...........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

2,252
2,934
4,007
2,095
1,027
2,374
374
763
508
546

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico ......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Oregon ..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

3,696
610
7,881
3,024
310
4,809
1,462
1,233
5,248
490

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont.............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming...........................................

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
produc­
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
and fish­
Transpor­
ment
craft, and operators,
ing
tation and
repair
assem­
cleaners,
material
blers, and
helpers,
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

3.4
3.1
3.8
2.7
3.3
3.6
3.4
4.1
4.0
2.8

12.7
10.6
11.9
12.3
12.1
13.4
12.0
12.7
6.6
14.9

14.2
16.8
15.0
13.3
16.9
15.9
17.3
18.2
20.6
15.9

12.0
14.4
14.8
13.1
12.3
13.9
10.5
12.9
19.6
14.4

13.8
11.6
13.8
14.5
11.9
11.7
12.1
12.5
5.4
13.2

10.2
1.9
4.1
9.6
6.4
3.5
7.3
6.0
1.3
4.2

5.5
3.7
3.7
5.9
3.5
3.1
3.3
3.8
3.8
3.7

4.9
4.3
4.5
5.1
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.9
2.9
4.4

3.0
2.5
3.1
5.7
2.8
2.1
1.2
1.8
.6
3.0

10.3
12.9
10.8
12.9
10.7
11.0
12.7
11.1
12.4
11.5

2.5
3.2
2.3
2.7
2.7
2.3
3.0
2.0
3.4
2.5

12.1
12.7
11.6
11.7
10.8
11.4
11.3
12.1
14.6
11.1

16.5
17.1
14.6
18.0
15.1
13.8
16.6
13.9
16.7
14.0

13.2
17.9
15.4
13.0
13.8
15.9
12.9
14.6
14.3
12.6

13.2
9.8
12.1
11.5
14.2
11.0
11.2
12.6
12.7
14.4

8.5
2.8
5.5
7.3
10.7
6.5
6.7
9.0
4.5
9.2

4.5
3.5
5.2
3.8
4.5
4.6
4.3
6.3
5.7
4.5

5.6
4.0
4.2
4.6
5.2
4.2
4.0
4.8
4.6
5.3

2.3
3.9
8.4
2.5
3.7
11.2
6.8
5.3
2.4
4.5

13.4
13.0
9.8
10.8
9.3
10.7
10.8
9.7
12.0
11.9

14.7
16.0
11.8
12.3
10.9
11.2
14.4
10.5
9.7
11.7

3.9
3.8
3.2
3.7
2.7
2.9
2.1
2.6
2.3
4.0

10.7
11.4
11.4
10.8
11.3
11.8
12.9
11.5
15.0
12.3

18.9
17.2
15.4
15.9
13.6
15.1
13.4
15.9
15.1
14.5

12.8
12.6
14.5
14.3
12.4
14.2
15.9
14.9
24.8
11.0

12.3
11.6
12.2
10.3
13.1
13.1
9.8
10.4
10.3
16.1

4.1
7.5
11.0
6.2
10.3
7.7
2.7
5.6
2.5
10.0

3.7
3.0
4.1
3.7
6.7
4.5
4.3
5.0
3.7
2.9

3.6
3.1
4.3
4.3
5.8
5.1
3.5
4.2
3.4
4.5

2.0
.9
2.3
7.7
3.9
3.7
10.3
9.8
1.3
1.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.6
12.4
12.5
9.7
9.2
10.5
11.7
11.9
10.6
10.3

13.2
14.2
15.3
10.9
11.6
12.9
12.2
12.6
13.0
13.3

3.4
3.7
2.9
2.5
2.4
3.3
3.0
2.3
3.1
3.4

12.5
13.4
11.5
11.5
11.6
11.9
12.1
12.3
11.6
10.8

18.5
14.6
18.9
14.0
13.4
15.2
16.3
15.6
16.2
16.0

12.0
13.8
14.2
11.5
15.6
13.5
14.1
14.0
13.5
13.3

11.8
12.6
10.5
13.9
10.0
11.7
11.5
10.2
12.0
13.1

6.2
2.7
5.9
13.6
2.7
10.1
5.4
6.9
8.4
12.4

3.8
4.0
3.6
4.4
3.9
4.4
4.5
4.4
4.5
3.2

3.9
4.4
3.2
4.8
3.9
4.6
4.1
5.1
4.7
2.9

1.2
4.3
1.4
3.1
15.7
2.0
4.9
4.7
2.3
1.2

1,502
329
2,116
7,433
709
279
2,740
2,000
655
2,230
227

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.8
8.9
8.5
12.5
11.8
11.5
12.9
11.9
8.9
10.0
8.6

10.3
10.9
10.1
11.6
13.8
14,2r
12.4
14.5
11.4
12.5
11.0

2.7
2.4
2.8
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.3
3.0
2.1
2.4
2.2

11.7
11.8
11.6
13.7
11.5
11.3
11.4
12.9
11.8
10.5
11.3

13.9
13.0
14.4
16.3
15.8
14.4
16.1
15.3
13.5
14.2
14.1

12.2
15.5
13.0
12.8
14.3
13.4
11.8
13.7
15.5
14.3
16.0

13.9
11.0
13.6
12.8
12.1
13.9
12.7
12.2
16.0
12.3
15.2

12.8
3.9
12.8
5.0
5.8
6.7
6.8
4.1
5.8
9.7
3.4

4.7
3.7
4.7
4.8
3.6
3.2
4.3
4.3
6.6
3.9
8.4

5.7
3.2
4.8
4.5
4.4
3.3
5.0
3.7
6.3
4.8
3.8

2.3
15.7
3.6
2.9
3.5
4.4
3.2
4.5
2.1
5.5
6.1

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ...........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

927
125
826
545
7,060
847
912
167
150
2,873

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.9
16.1
15.1
9.7
14.3
16.6
17.3
13.3
15.8
13.5

10.8
14.5
10.5
7.2
13.9
15.4
14.0
11.3
20.2
10.3

3.0
3.5
3.2
2.1
3.5
3.6
3.3
4.6
3.7
2.4

10.3
9.8
11.5
11.8
11.8
12.0
11.2
11.6
6.3
14.3

4.1
5.4
4.7
4.2
5.8
5.6
6.6
7.3
10.7
5.0

6.9
11.1
11.3
7.0
9.5
10.0
7.6
9.2
18.9
10.6

22.6
19.9
22.6
23.2
19.0
20.1
19.8
21.4
9.6
22.1

10.8
2.6
3.9
9.3
7.2
3.7
8.0
6.9
1.5
4.3

9.2
6.2
5.8
9.8
5.6
4.7
5.3
6.2
7.1
6.1

7.9
6.7
6.6
7.0
5.2
5.0
5.0
5.7
5.2
6.9

4.4
4.1
4.7
8.6
4.2
3.3
1.9
2.5
1.2
4.5

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................

1,540
247
240
2,928
1,416
746

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.4
13.5
11.7
13.5
9.7
8.1

8.1
11.3
9.2
11.4
9.8
8.9

2.1
3.4
1.9
2.9
2.7
2.3

12.1
11.3
11.2
11.1
9.8
10.3

6.8
6.7
3.8
6.6
5.0
4.6

7.8
15.2
8.4
10.2
7.2
9.4

22.2
17.1
20.0
18.4
23.0
18.2

7.6
3.3
6.4
8.5
12.4
7.6

7.5
6.1
8.5
6.4
7.3
7.5

8.6
6.2
5.8
7.0
7.6
6.0

3.8
5.7
13.1
3.9
5.4
17.0

TOTAL

Men

See footnotes at end of table.




58

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
produc­
forestry,
equip­
Machine
tion,
and
fish­
Transpor­
ment
craft, and operators,
ing
tation and
assem­
cleaners,
repair
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

Men—Continued
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana..........................................
Maine................................................

641
886
972
295

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.6
9.2
9.9
11.5

11.3
9.2
10.9
10.0

2.7
1.6
2.9
1.8

10.6
11.4
12.7
10.0

5.3
4.8
5.6
5.6

7.0
8.7
9.4
7.0

18.3
20.0
21.6
23.6

8.5
9.8
6.2
8.8

7.2
10.2
9.5
7.4

5.6
6.9
7.4
7.5

10.7
8.0
3.9
6.8

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan ...........................................
Minnesota.........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri ............................................
Montana ...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada.............................................
New Hampshire................................

1,216
1,567
2,266
1,159
578
1,308
209
415
272
302

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.4
14.9
11.3
12.9
11.5
11.6
12.4
11.5
11.6
13.7

14.5
15.2
10.8
11.5
7.2
9.5
13.2
8.2
10.1
10.9

3.8
3.6
3.0
3.4
2.2
2.7
1.6
2.6
2.2
2.9

10.1
10.3
10.5
10.6
10.8
10.7
12.7
11.0
12.3
11.3

6.1
6.7
4.9
5.0
4.6
5.0
4.1
5.8
5.0
5.0

10.1
10.9
9.9
8.5
7.9
10.4
9.5
7.4
24.0
8.2

21.1
19.4
20.0
17.0
20.4
21.6
16.1
17.5
17.9
25.4

4.5
7.8
13.6
6.9
9.3
7.4
3.4
6.6
3.3
9.5

5.9
5.0
6.4
6.3
11.2
7.5
7.0
8.4
6.2
4.8

5.6
4.6
6.1
6.5
8.7
7.8
5.1
6.2
5.4
6.8

2.9
1.4
3.5
11.5
6.2
5.8
15.0
14.9
2.0
1.6

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico.....................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota ....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

2,081
352
4,374
1,643
174
2,681
795
674
2,925
253

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.3
13.8
14.4
11.2
11.1
12.2
13.3
13.5
12.9
13.1

12.2
12.7
14.1
9.4
7.9
11.5
11.2
12.5
11.3
11.0

3.2
4.1
2.8
2.3
1.8
2.8
3.5
2.3
2.7
3.0

12.6
11.8
10.9
11.6
12.1
10.6
11.5
12.2
10.5
9.9

7.0
5.6
8.6
4.9
4.2
5.3
5.3
4.1
6.0
5.2

9.5
9.7
12.5
7.2
6.9
8.8
8.5
8.2
10.0
12.3

19.4
20.0
17.6
22.8
16.5
19.2
19.0
16.7
20.0
21.6

6.1
3.2
5.9
11.0
3.4
12.6
6.2
8.3
9.0
11.6

6.3
6.4
5.9
7.4
6.7
7.0
7.8
72
7.6
5.8

5.9
6.7
5.1
7.3
6.0
6.9
6.2
8.4
6.9
4.2

1.6
6.1
2.2
4.8
23.5
3.0
7.4
6.9
3.2
2.2

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin.........................................
Wyoming...........................................

821
182
1,155
4,224
410
152
1,508
1,121
379
1,251
129

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6
10.7
9.5
14.1
14.2
12.6
14.7
12.6
10.1
11.8
10.0

8.3
8.8
8.3
10.2
13.3
13.1
11.7
14.0
8.2
11.5
9.7

2.2
1.4
2.6
3.2
4.1
3.4
3.4
3.1
1.9
2.0
1.8

11.3
11.7
10.7
12.6
9.6
9.8
9.5
11.2
10.5
8.8
10.1

4.5
3.6
5.5
5.1
6.4
5.1
5.5
5.6
4.1
4.8
2.8

8.0
7.6
8.7
8.9
9.6
9.0
7.6
10.2
8.8
8.3
9.1

23.1
18.2
22.8
21.0
19.2
23.1
21.6
20.2
25.8
20.0
25.7

10.3
3.8
11.1
5.7
6.3
6.9
6.9
4.8
6.9
11.8
4.3

8.0
6.3
8.0
7.8
5.8
5.5
7.0
6.6
11.1
6.2
12.6

8.8
4.8
7.1
6.9
5.9
5.2
7.4
5.5
9.5
7.1
5.6

3.8
23.2
5.7
4.5
5.6
6.2
4.7
6.2
3.1
7.7
8.3

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas ...........................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

771
104
650
434
5,413
721
762
144
153
2,395

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.6
14.3
11.9
7.2
12.3
11.9
11.6
10.6
14.5
10.4

13.4
17.3
13.1
11.5
13.7
14.4
15.9
13.0
20.0
13.0

3.9
2.7
4.6
3.4
3.1
3.5
3.6
3.6
4.3
3.3

15.5
11.7
12.4
12.9
12.6
15.1
13.0
14.0
6.9
15.6

26.3
30.4
28.1
24.8
31.3
28.0
30.1
30.7
30.3
29.0

18.1
18.3
19.4
20.9
16.0
18.4
13.9
17.3
20.4
18.9

3.1
1.6
2.5
3.7
2.7
1.8
2.8
2.1
1.3
2.5

9.5
1.2
4.3
10.1
5.3
3.3
6.5
5.0
1.1
4.1

1.0
.7
1.0
.9
.8
1.1
.9
1.0
.6
.7

1.2
1.3
1.9
2.6
1.3
1.7
1.4
1.8
.6
1.3

1.4
.7
.9
2.0
.9
.7
.4
.9
.1
1.2

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana..........................................
Maine................................................

1,296
217
187
2,297
1,149
586
517
648
755
237

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.1
10.5
7.5
9.5
7.4
7.9
8.0
7.2
7.2
8.9

12.9
14.6
12.9
14.8
11.7
13.8
14.4
13.7
14.2
13.5

2.9
3.0
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.2
3.3
2.5
4.0
3.3

12.1
14.4
12.0
12.6
12.0
12.7
12.2
13.1
17.1
12.6

28.0
28.9
28.5
32.6
27.5
25.6
30.5
26.4
31.1
24.4

19.6
21.1
24.3
16.6
21.9
24.2
20.1
22.6
20.5
19.6

2.4
1.5
1.9
2.7
3.4
1.8
2.3
2.4
1.1
3.0

9.4
2.3
4.3
5.8
8.6
5.1
4.4
7.8
2.3
9.7

1.0
.6
1.1
.6
1.0
.9
.7
1.0
.9
1.0

2.0
1.5
2.2
1.6
2.2
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.1
2.4

.4
1.8
2.5
.7
1.5
3.8
2.0
1.5
.5
1.7

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan ...........................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri ............................................
Montana ...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

1,037
1,366
1,741
936
449
1,066
165
348
237
244

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1
10.8
7.9
8.1
6.5
9.5
8.6
7.5
12.4
9.6

15.0
17.0
13.0
13.3
15.7
13.3
15.9
13.2
9.2
12.7

3.9
4.0
3.4
4.1
3.3
3.2
2.8
2.7
2.5
5.3

11.4
12.6
12.7
11.0
11.8
13.3
13.2
12.1
18.1
13.5

33.8
29.2
29.1
29.5
25.3
27.5
25.2
28.1
26.6
26.2

15.9
14.5
20.5
21.5
18.2
18.8
24.0
23.8
25.7
14.5

2.0
2.6
2.0
2.0
3.8
2.6
1.8
1.9
1.5
4.7

3.6
7.1
7.5
5.2
11.7
8.1
1.7
4.4
1.5
10.7

1.1
.7
1.0
.6
.9
.9
1.0
.9
.8
.6

1.3
1.3
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.7
1.2
1.6

.8
.3
.8
3.0
.9
1.1
4.3
3.8
.5
.6

.■

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




59

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
produc­
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
and fish­
Transpor­
ment
craft, and operators,
ing
tation and
repair
assem­
cleaners,
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

Women—Continued

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina..................................
North Dakota....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma..........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

1,616
258
3,508
1,382
136
2,127
666
559
2,324
237

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.0
10.6
10.1
7.9
6.7
8.3
9.9
10.0
7.6
7.3

14.5
16.3
16.9
12.6
16.3
14.7
13.3
12.7
15.2
15.8

3.7
3.0
2.9
2.8
3.3
3.9
2.4
2.3
3.5
3.9

12.4
15.6
12.3
11.3
11.0
13.5
12.8
12.4
13.1
11.7

33.3
26.9
31.8
24.8
25.2
27.7
29.5
29.6
29.1
27.6

15.2
19.5
16.3
16.7
26.5
19.5
20.8
21.0
18.0
14.4

2.1
2.3
1.7
3.4
1.7
2.2
2.5
2.4
2.1
4.1

6.5
2.1
5.9
16.7
1.9
6.8
4.6
5.2
7.6
13.3

0.7
.7
.7
.8
.5
1.1
.6
1.1
.7
.3

1.3
1.2
.9
2.0
1.2
1.6
1.7
1.3
1.9
1.5

0.6
1.7
.5
1.0
5.9
.8
2.0
2.1
1.1
.1

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming........................................

681
147
961
3,209
299
127
1,232
879
277
979
98

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
6.6
7.2
10.3
8.4
10.0
10.7
11.1
7.4
7.6
6.8

12.8
13.6
12.3
13.4
14.5
15.6
13.4
15.1
15.9
13.7
12.6

3.2
3.8
3.1
3.4
2.4
3.9
3.3
2.9
2.2
3.0
2.7

12.2
11.9
12.6
15.1
14.2
13.2
13.8
15.1
13.7
12.6
12.8

25.4
24.7
25.1
31.1
28.6
25.6
29.0
27.6
26.3
26.1
29.0

17.2
25.4
18.1
18.0
20.8
18.7
16.8
18.1
24.7
22.0
25.2

2.7
2.1
2.7
1.9
2.4
3.0
1.8
2.1
2.5
2.5
1.2

15.8
4.0
14.9
4.1
5.0
6.4
6.7
3.1
4.3
6.9
2.1

.8
.5
.7
.8
.6
.4
1.1
1.3
.5
1.1
2.8

2.0
1.1
2.0
1.3
2.4
1.0
2.0
1.4
1.9
1.8
1.4

.4
6.3
1.2
.7
.7
2.2
1.4
2.3
.6
2.7
3.3

Alabama............................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ...........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

1,369
188
1,400
844
10,716
1,462
1,565
262
101
4,459

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.6
16.1
14.0
9.4
13.7
14.8
15.2
12.7
25.4
13.3

12.7
17.4
11.6
9.4
14.0
15.3
15.2
12.1
37.7
11.9

3.6
3.5
3.7
3.0
3.2
3.6
3.5
4.4
5.3
2.9

14.1
11.2
12.2
13.6
12.4
14.0
12.4
13.5
7.7
16.1

15.0
16.5
15.0
13.4
16.1
15.9
16.9
18.5
11.5
16.2

9.2
11.9
14.6
11.0
11.9
13.0
9.9
11.6
7.0
12.6

14.7
12.1
14.0
15.5
12.3
11.6
12.4
13.1
3.0
13.6

9.4
1.8
4.1
9.0
6.3
3.4
6.9
5.2
.5
3.7

5.4
3.5
3.4
6.0
3.6
2.8
3.2
3.4
.8
3.3

3.5
3.9
4.3
4.2
3.6
3.3
3.2
3.5
1.0
3.7

2.8
2.0
3.0
5.5
3.0
2.2
1.3
1.9
.2
2.7

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky............................................
Louisiana...........................................
Maine................................................

2,058
146
418
4,556
2,396
1,311
1,093
1,440
1,302
528

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.0
15.8
9.9
12.2
8.7
8.1
10.9
8.8
10.6
10.4

11.8
18.5
10.9
12.8
11.0
10.9
12.8
11.4
13.4
11.6

2.7
3.1
2.3
2.8
2.6
2.3
2.9
2.0
3.7
2.5

14.0
14.2
11.6
12.3
11.1
11.3
11.7
12.5
16.4
11.2

17.4
14.6
14.8
17.7
15.1
13.9
16.6
13.7
17.1
14.1

9.1
14.5
15.2
12.4
12.9
15.7
12.1
13.5
9.7
12.4

14.5
7.8
12.1
11.6
14.6
11.0
11.0
12.6
13.8
14.5

6.1
2.6
5.3
7.1
10.5
6.4
6.4
9.0
4.2
9.1

3.9
2.6
5.2
3.8
4.5
4.7
4.4
6.5
4.9
4.5

4.2
3.0
4.1
4.4
5.2
4.3
3.9
4.8
4.0
5.2

2.1
3.2
8.6
2.8
3.8
11.4
7.2
5.3
2.3
4.5

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri............................................
Montana...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada.............................................
New Hampshire................................

1,710
2,774
3,563
2,029
695
2,131
361
738
453
542

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.5
13.3
10.4
10.9
12.2
11.1
10.9
9.7
12.6
11.9

15.6
16.0
11.8
12.3
11.8
11.2
14.2
10.5
10.2
11.7

3.5
3.8
3.3
3.8
3.1
2.9
2.1
2.6
2.5
4.0

11.9
11.6
11.9
10.9
14.3
12.4
13.2
11.7
15.2
12.3

18.5
17.2
15.2
15.8
16.4
14.9
13.3
15.7
15.6
14.5

10.1
12.1
13.5
14.0
8.4
12.4
15.8
14.5
21.7
11.1

13.5
11.7
12.9
10.3
14.7
13.8
9.8
10.6
10.9
16.2

3.6
7.2
10.1
6.0
7.1
7.5
2.6
5.6
2.5
9.8

3.4
3.1
4.1
3.8
5.9
4.8
4.4
5.0
3.8
2.9

3.2
3.1
4.3
4.3
3.5
5.0
3.4
4.1
3.6
4.5

2.1
.9
2.5
7.9
2.6
4.1
10.3
10.1
1.4
1.1

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma..........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

3,183
567
6,685
2,433
301
4,387
1,283
1,179
4,884
470

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.3
12.8
13.3
11.1
9.2
10.7
12.4
12.0
10.9
10.3

13.7
14.3
15.9
12.1
11.5
13.0
12.2
12.4
13.0
13.1

3.3
3.7
3.0
2.6
2.5
3.3
3.1
2.1
3.1
3.4

13.0
13.8
12.3
13.0
11.8
12.4
12.8
12.4
12.0
11.0

18.5
14.9
18.0
14.8
13.3
14.8
16.6
15.7
16.1
16.1

11.0
13.0
12.8
9.4
15.2
12.7
12.6
13.9
12.8
13.2

12.3
12.2
11.0
14.6
10.0
12.1
11.6
10.3
12.3
13.3

5.6
2.6
5.4
11.4
2.6
9.9
5.1
6.8
8.3
12.3

3.5
4.0
3.5
4.0
3.9
4.3
4.5
4.5
4.6
3.3

3.5
4.3
3.1
4.0
3.9
4.6
3.7
5.1
4.6
2.8

1.3
4.3
1.6
2.9
16.0
2.2
5.5
4.8
2.4
1.2

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................

1,111
318
1,801
6,489

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.3
8.7
9.0
13.4

12.2
10.8
10.5
11.9

3.0
2.5
2.9
3.3

14.2
12.0
12.0
14.4

15.8
13.0
14.8
16.6

9.1
15.2
11.3
11.5

15.7
11.0
14.2
13.1

8.6
3.9
12.6
4.5

3.6
3.7
4.6
4.2

3.7
3.1
4.0
4.1

1.7
16.1
4.0
3.0

White

See footnotes at end of table.




60

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

688
277
2,185
1,832
634
2,147
224

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.0
11.5
14.4
12.1
9.1
10.2
8.6

13.8
14.2
14.0
14.5
11.3
12.7
11.1

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

321
8
129
705
67
99
44
193
743

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.9
5.2
3.5
11.5
8.2
6.6
7.8
9.8
4.9

Georgia.............................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana ..........................................

753
542
141
52
92
401

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Mississippi........................................
Missouri............................................
Nevada .............................................

488
114
370
329
220
35

New Jersey......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ..................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
South Carolina..................................
Tennessee .......................................
Texas ................................................
Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin.........................................

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
Handlers,
produc­
forestry,
Machine
equip­
tion,
and fish­
Transpor­
ment
craft, and operators,
ing
tation and
assem­
cleaners,
repair
helpers,
blers, and material
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

3.5
3.6
3.6
3.0
2.1
2.4
2.2

11.8
11.4
12.5
13.6
11.9
10.8
11.4

15.8
14.5
16.3
14.9
13.5
14.1
14.1

14.5
13.3
9.5
13.1
15.2
13.8
15.9

11.9
13.9
13.2
12.5
16.1
12.5
15.2

5.4
6.7
5.6
3.9
5.8
9.4
3.4

3.7
3.2
3.8
4.5
6.8
3.9
8.3

4.2
3.3
3.6
3.5
6.1
4.6
3.6

3.4
4.4
3.3
4.4
2.0
5.7
6.1

7.9
12.4
7.6
10.2
10.4
8.5
8.5
11.2
9.1

2.9
3.9
1.1
3.9
3.5
2.9
2.6
3.3
2.2

6.9
9.9
3.6
9.1
5.5
6.8
7.3
5.6
7.7

11.0
28.0
12.7
26.1
16.9
24.2
17.2
25.9
14.5

24.3
30.4
27.4
16.2
29.6
18.7
21.3
25.5
23.9

9.9
3.3
8.5
8.7
8.9
8.0
9.6
6.6
11.4

13.6
1.1
13.1
4.8
3.1
13.4
11.6
1.8
6.9

5.9
2.5
5.0
4.5
7.0
4.9
6.6
5.5
6.0

10.7
3.3
10.3
3.9
5.8
5.9
6.3
4.0
8.8

4.1
(1)
7.1
1.0
1.2
0
1.3
.9
4.7

4.5
8.1
7.9
4.7
2.5
3.2

5.7
12.5
3.3
11.1
7.6
9.0

1.8
1.4
4.8
3.1
1.3
2.2

6.7
7.1
7.6
6.2
6.6
8.8

14.4
22.7
14.1
17.2
17.4
15.6

24.0
17.6
28.8
23.8
31.6
28.4

9.6
10.6
9.2
12.8
12.4
9.6

14.8
8.0
12.7
12.2
9.4
5.2

6.1
5.2
5.5
1.1
2.4
8.7

9.6
6.5
5.3
7.4
4.4
6.6

2.8
.4
1.0
.4
4.2
2.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.5
5.6
5.3
3.3
6.9
4.7

10.7
13.6
9.0
8.9
9.5
5.1

4.7
3.0
1.5
1.9
3.5
1.4

6.3
6.5
7.7
4.9
7.5
12.3

20.3
20.2
19.6
7.9
17.1
12.0

22.3
23.4
22.4
20.8
30.6
53.0

8.7
10.7
6.3
10.0
7.3
2.7

5.3
10.8
18.8
17.2
9.3
2.4

5.1
2.7
4.3
8.4
2.4
2.8

5.5
3.5
4.4
10.5
5.8
2.4

1.5
.1
.8
6.3
.3
1.3

429
938
549
388
82
328

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.1
7.3
3.8
7.5
5.8
5.3

7.8
10.0
5.9
10.0
11.5
11.6

3.0
2.0
2.2
3.4
2.3
3.2

8.5
6.1
5.4
6.8
7.1
5.8

19.5
25.8
10.9
20.1
14.3
19.8

20.3
24.1
20.9
22.1
28.2
24.1

9.0
8.5
10.8
7.2
9.9
8.8

10.8
7.0
22.2
12.0
4.4
9.8

6.8
4.5
5.8
5.3
6.9
4.7

6.9
4.2
8.3
4.9
8.2
6.4

.5
.4
3.9
.7
1.4
.7

379
298
796
504
69

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.5
5.3
4.9
6.3
5.5

5.2
7.4
7.1
6.1
4.7

1.6
2.3
3.1
2.1
3.0

4.8
6.8
7.8
7.0
2.7

8.4
13.1
15.0
15.0
16.4

20.8
23.2
24.2
20.2
29.7

8.4
10.8
10.0
10.7
8.9

24.9
14.5
8.1
11.5
18.4

8.0
5.2
10.2
6.9
4.2

11.6
9.9
8.0
10.8
6.6

3.8
1.5
1.7
3.3
O

Arizona..............................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan ...........................................
Nevada .............................................

232
2,413
136
52
12
619
17
292
27
51
58
42

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.8
5.2
6.7
4.9
18.2
10.5
6.6
5.2
10.7
3.0
5.0
5.1

5.6
5.2
8.4
10.8
13.4
7.9
7.5
4.6
20.0
9.1
6.8
3.7

1.9
1.4
2.2
4.0
1.8
2.2
2.0
1.1
1.1
.9
3.2
.7

11.3
6.9
8.3
4.1
5.7
13.3
5.5
6.7
9.1
4.5
13.3
11.7

10.1
13.2
15.0
9.2
16.8
15.9
8.8
15.8
16.6
11.7
11.4
10.4

19.1
17.5
21.5
18.5
27.4
14.6
3.0
17.4
6.8
25.7
19.2
38.8

15.8
15.1
14.5
17.1
9.2
14.4
11.9
12.4
15.6
11.9
9.4
10.7

7.0
17.4
6.1
19.0
.5
7.4
16.8
21.2
8.5
25.7
16.3
6.5

4.2
4.7
4.4
4.0
1.6
4.1
6.5
5.6
1.1
3.8
3.9
2.9

7.7
6.7
8.9
7.1
5.3
4.2
6.7
8.8
7.0
3.6
9.9
6.6

9.5
6.7
3.9
1.4
(1)
5.4
24.7
1.1
3.5
(1)
1.7
2.8

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico .....................................
New York .........................................
Ohio ..................................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Wyoming...........................................

246
215
709
37
56
1,565
33
9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.1
9.3
7.8
3.5
4.4
6.1
3.5
3.5

5.2
6.9
7.0
18.5
12.9
6.1
5.3
8.1

1.8
2.8
2.0
3.3
3.5
1.9
2.6
2.8

8.1
12.3
8.9
9.9
6.6
10.0
2.2
6.1

14.5
15.3
17.5
15.8
12.9
14.3
10.6
14.9

11.6
18.3
22.6
11.1
25.8
17.7
14.5
19.6

13.5
15.0
10.2
15.2
7.9
16.1
11.4
18.0

24.0
3.5
14.2
15.7
12.9
8.4
17.5
6.5

6.5
4.8
4.2
1.5
6.6
6.1
5.1
7.4

7.3
7.3
4.9
5.5
4.9
8.4
8.5
8.2

1.4
4.5
.7
0
1.4
4.8
18.9
5.0

White—Continued
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington ......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin.........................................
Wyoming...........................................
Black

Hispanic origin

' Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

61

Table 16. States: Employment statue of the experienced1 civilian labor force by industry, 1986 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers

Manufacturing
Employment status and State

Total2
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transportation,
communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices5

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

1,850
255
1,577
1,058
13,255
1,682
1,734
323
325
5,551

1,772
252
1,505
988
12,695
1,633
1,698
314
318
5,320

1,323
150
1,148
734
9,764
1,233
1,406
257
198
4,183

110
15
147
48
686
105
79
19
13
426

426
11
195
225
2,523
199
458
72
11
634

227
ft
150
118
1,731
137
328
21
ft
392

199
(6)
ft
107
793
61
131
51
ft
242

98
18
74
58
691
100
87
14
15
295

343
41
315
199
2,437
353
298
63
41
1,266

73
12
95
45
820
109
158
25
16
374

261
44
309
155
2,557
334
323
64
102
1,174

317
72
239
157
1,807
251
187
41
103
734

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Io w a ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana...........................................
M aine................................................

2,988
485
465
5,620
2,726
1,420
1,217
1,671
1,947
558

2,886
465
417
5,441
2,600
1,247
1,122
1,564
1,871
533

2,271
324
295
4,409
2,099
935
847
1,197
1,389
395

172
21
21
235
130
51
54
68
143
32

585
25
60
1,181
686
239
208
311
211
119

228
(6)
27
712
499
137
118
184
116
49

357
21
33
468
187
102
90
127
95
71

207
39
26
357
145
54
72
88
115
22

609
99
94
1,113
523
287
228
323
410
100

166
29
18
382
124
69
65
67
98
24

528
111
73
1,108
480
231
204
281
347
97

428
104
71
709
320
212
182
241
352
77

16
41
130
93
154
79
80
ft
17

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri............................................
Montana...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

2,343
3,038
4,325
2,200
1,140
2,511
404
800
538
560

2,278
3,001
4,180
2,019
1,081
2,395
359
713
530
549

1,635
2,431
3,359
1,566
805
1,889
231
538
427
440

153
139
178
98
61
125
15
30
36
41

274
687
1,166
393
254
488
26
104
30
152

155
481
912
239
139
267
15
50
(*)
110

119
206
254
154
115
222
11
54
ft
42

122
150
171
112
60
157
24
48
28
21

424
547
864
426
207
504
80
164
105
106

155
211
190
127
46
128
15
50
29
25

507
695
780
403
159
478
65
139
191
95

525
384
579
300
192
321
82
117
68
64

41
21
91
160
39
92
41
76
ft
ft

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

3,868
664
8,337
3,172
329
5,181
1,583
1,340
5,594
508

3,795
630
8,154
3,051
275
5,032
1,493
1,263
5,435
501

3,064
415
6,230
2,434
193
4,044
1,064
939
4,397
408

191
47
380
191
14
213
66
44
297
24

809
38
1,409
921
17
1,282
197
224
1,217
138

389
(6)
776
394
ft
870
125
156
713
97

420
ft
633
527
(6)
412
72
68
503
42

255
30
455
139
16
233
77
71
274
19

718
135
1,438
556
69
1,055
310
274
1,057
92

299
31
704
139
14
257
88
76
284
34

789
113
1,838
481
55
979
262
247
1,226
99

522
151
1,410
408
56
680
276
186
654
70

47
ft
101
84
50
97
72
54
111
ft

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
U tah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming...........................................

1,583
343
2,274
8,083
751
291
2,865
2,160
733
2,378
248

1,528
287
2,169
7,769
721
277
2,752
2,061
710
2,239
231

1,186
202
1,696
6,018
526
213
2,038
1,478
537
1,745
158

89
13
132
530
48
20
173
108
44
93
18

440
32
565
1,106
111
54
458
322
110
576
12

137
17
265
643
68
39
231
234
57
356
(6)

303
15
300
464
44
15
227
88
53
220
7

88
12
94
466
43
9
143
111
39
97
18

278
63
434
1,667
154
52
517
437
153
450
49

70
17
102
558
36
13
165
118
28
124
8

219
60
362
1,408
128
65
548
381
110
403
30

225
53
309
1,096
135
35
554
380
126
330
53

ft
52
80
211
24
12
79
75
ft
117
14

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California...........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware...........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

153
27
101
79
782
114
60
12
23
283

146
26
92
75
726
109
59
12
22
266

133
20
79
65
641
95
54
11
18
237

22
5
17
9
73
15
6
1
2
35

43
2
11
18
160
16
20
4
1
41

23
ft
5
10
102
10
13
3
ft
23

20
(6)
(6)
8
58
6
7
2
(6)
18

7
2
4
3
29
4
3
(7)
1
13

37
5
21
16
180
27
11
2
6
79

6
1
8
1
34
5
2
1
1
10

16
4
18
16
159
23
13
2
7
57

12
6
10
8
62
11
4
1
3
22

ft
ft
ft

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................

152
21
38
395

142
19
33
387

127
16
26
348

12
3
4
36

32
1
7
96

11

21
1
4
34

7
1
2
24

41
5
7
101

4
1
1
16

27
6
4
75

12
3
5
30

ft

ft
(6)
ft
56
386
ft
ft
ft
ft
159
ft

UNEMPLOYED

S e e footnotes at end of table.




62

ft
3
62

4
43
ft
ft
ft
ft
13

1
5
6

Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced1civilian labor force by industry, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and State

Total2
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices6

Govern­
ment

Agriculture

U N E M P LO Y E D — C o n tin u ed

In d ia n a ........................................................
Iowa .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
K en tu c k y .....................................................
L o u is ia n a ....................................................
M a in e ...........................................................

160
88
59
138
220
26

154
81
57
128
2 06
24

140
73
50
115
178
21

18
8
8
15
35
3

39
20
10
28
21
9

28
12
6
16
15
2

M a ry la n d .....................................................
M assa ch u se tts .........................................
M ic h ig a n .....................................................
M in n e s o ta ..................................................
M ississippi.................................................
Missouri ......................................................
M ontana .....................................................
N e b r a s k a ....................................................
Nevada .......................................................
N ew H a m p sh ire .......................................

91
104
317
105
113
137
30
37
30
14

89
103
3 05
98
105
132
28
33
29
13

78
93
266
88
92
118
22
29
27
12

11
10
28
11
14
13
4
5
4
2

11
28
89
22
27
32
2
6
2
4

6
18
69
13
12
13
1
3

New Jersey ...............................................
New Mexico ..............................................
New York ...................................................
North Carolina .........................................
North Dakota ............................................
Ohio .............................................................
O k la h o m a ..................................................
O r e g o n ........................................................

172
55
456
148
19
372
121
107
346
18

166
52
441
142
17
3 60
115
101
336
18

148
42
393
127
13
3 22
100
85
307
16

10
12
46
16
4
42
13
10
43
2

49
4
94
48
1
101
20
24
103
6

81
15
158
651
42
12
125
161
78
148
21

77
13
153
623
41
12
121
154
75
141
20

71
10
135
564
35
11
108
129
69
127
17

8
2
16
89
6
2
14
16
12
16
4

28
2
47
102
5
3
25
26
15
51
2

Alabam a .....................................................
A la s k a .........................................................
Arizona ........................................................
A rk an s a s .....................................................
California ....................................................
C o lo ra d o .....................................................
C o n n e c tic u t...............................................
Delaw are ....................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ................................
F lo rid a ..........................................................

8.3
10.4
6.4
7.5
5.9
6.7
3.4
3.8
7.0
5.1

8.3
10.4
6.1
7.5
5.7
6.7
3.5
3.8
6.9
5.0

10.1
13.0
6.9
8.8
6.6
7.7
3.8
4.3
9.2
5.7

19.5
31.8
11.2
17.9
10.7
14.6
7.0
5.8
18.1
8.3

10.1
15.5
5.5
8.0
6.3
8.1
4.3
6.1
11.1
6.4

G e o r g ia .......................................................
H a w a ii.........................................................
Id a h o ............................................................
Illin o is ...........................................................
In d ia n a ........................................................
Iowa .............................................................
K a n s a s .........................................................
K e n tu c k y .....................................................
L o u is ia n a ....................................................
M a in e ...........................................................

5.1
4.2
8.2
7.0
5.9
6.2
4.9
8.3
11.3
4.7

4.9
4.1
7.9
7.1
5.9
6.5
5.1
8.2
11.0
4.5

5.6
4.9
8.7
7.9
6.7
7.8
5.9
9.6
12.8
5.2

7.2
13.3
17.0
15.3
13.6
15.2
14.0
22.1
24.2
10.4

5.5
2.9
11.4
8.1
5.6
8.4
4.7
8.9
10.1
7.3

M a ry la n d .....................................................
M a s sa ch u se tts .........................................
M ic h ig a n .....................................................
M in n e s o ta ...................................................
M ississippi..................................................
Missouri ......................................................

3.9
3.4

3.9
3.4
7.3
4.8
9.7

4.8
3.8
7.9
5.6
11.5
6.2

7.2
7.0
15.8
11.3
22.4
10.8

4.0
4.1

P ennsylvania.............................................
Rhode Island ............................................
South C a ro lin a .........................................
South D a k o ta ............................................
Tennessee ................................................
Texas ..........................................................
Utah .............................................................
V e r m o n t......................................................
V irg in ia ........................................................
W a s h in g to n ...............................................
W est V irg in ia .............................................
W is c o n s in ..................................................
W y o m in g .....................................................

11
8
4
12
7
7

10
2
3
3
10
0

5
10
20
10
15
19
1
3

6
6
12
7
6
6
3
1
1

f6)

ft

3

1

24

25

(6)
49
19

(6)
46
29

(6)
75
12
13
63
4

ft

26
9
12
40
2

8
1
26
63
3
2
9
17
9
31

20
1
21
39
3
1
16
9
6
20
1

f t

0

41
26
13
30
57
3

4
3
2
1
7
1

28
14
12
25
37
4

10
6
7
10
23
2

23
21
70
21
24
34
8
9
8
4

4
5
9
5
3
3
1
1
1

23
22
56
19
15
28
4
7
11
2

9
7
34
7
10
12
4
3
1
1

7
1
19
4

33
8
109
23
2
66
20
19
57
3

14
9
38
12
3
29
11
11
24
2

12
2
27
115
8
3
23
33
10
24
3

6
3
14
41
4
1
10
17
5
12
2

(7)

5
4
2
7
(6)
2
1
1
7
5
5
4
2
3
(6)
(6)

9
2
19
5
1
15
5
4
15
1

39
13
104
31
4
86
27
25
77
4

3

5
7
2
4
1

16
3
36
171
11
2
36
40
17
27
5

10.9
13.1
6.7
8.1
7.4
7.7
3.6
3.6
14.7
6.3

7.9
5.2
8.6
2.7
4.1
5.0
1.0
2.2
5.8
2.8

6.0
9.4
5.7
10.5
6.2
7.0
4.0
3.5
6.6
4.9

3.6
7.7
4.0
5.1
3.4
4.3
2.3
2.4
3.4
3.0

f)
(6)
(6)
6.4
11.2

5.2
5.0
5.9
6.8
5.7
6.2
6.1
8.7

(6)
4.9
11.3
4.3
5.3
2.8
2.5
8.6

10.8
4.0

2.9
2.9
6.6
4.3
3.2
2.9
3.8
4.3
6.5
3.0

4.6
3.2
7.2
4.6
9.5
5.9

1.7
1.9
5.9
2.3
5.4
3.6

1.8
5.4
7.8
2.8
12.5
4.5

(7)
5
31
2
(7)

(7)
8
5
2
7
1
3
1
2
23
1
(7)
2
7
1
4
(7)

5
(6)
8
5
2
7
4
4
7
(6)
ft

1
5
21
1
(7)
1
5
(6)
6
1

U N E M P LO Y M E N T
RATE

7.3
4.8

9.9
5.5

5.5

7.6
5.7
10.6
6.7

See footnotes at end of table.




63

10.0

10.2

(6)
3.6
8.4
5.9
7.3
3.9
13.3

ft

(6)
5.8

(6)
7.4

7.5
9.5
4.9
5.8
4.3
4.1
3.4
2.8
6.2
4.4

4.7
(6)
9.3
8.7
5.6
8.7
5.0
8.7
12.5
4.4

5.9
3.1
13.2
7.3
5.7
8.1
4.4
9.1
7.3
9.3

3.4
2.3
7.7
6.6
6.8
3.1
3.9
3.5
8.7
1.4

6.8
5.1
7.6
9.0
7.9
9.1
5.7
9.4
14.0
3.5

2.3
2.4
6.1
4.1
3.4
4.2
2.5
2.2
7.2
3.2

3.8
3.8
7.5
5.3
8.3
5.0

4.2
4.9
8.0
6.2
13.3
8.6

4.6
4.1

5.4

2.8
2.5
4.7
4.2

ft

7.6
7.4
9.7
5.2
3.1

6.9
6.1
10.0
3.9

3.9
8.1
4.9
11.4
6.7

5.5
2.4

ft
ft
ft
ft

8.0

(6)
12.5

Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by industry, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural w age and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and S tate

Total1
2
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transportation,
communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

S er­
vices5

Govern­
ment

Agriculture

UNEM PLO YM ENT
R A T E — C o n tin u e d

M ontana .....................................................
N e b r a s k a ....................................................
N e v a d a .......................................................
N ew H a m p s h ire .......................................

7.5
4 .6
5.5
2.5

7.8
4.7
5.5
2.4

9.7
5.5
6.3
2.8

25.7
16.8
10.1
6.1

8.3
6.1
6.7
2.4

N ew J e r s e y ...............................................
N ew M e x ic o ..............................................
N ew York ...................................................
North Carolina ..........................................
North D a k o ta ............................................
Ohio .............................................................
O k la h o m a ...................................................
O r e g o n ........................................................
P enns y lv a nia .............................................
Rhode Island ............................................

4.4
8.2
5.5
4.7
5.8
7.2
7.6
8.0
6.2
3.6

4.4
8.3
5.4
4.7
6.2
7.2
7.7
8.0
6.2
3.6

4.8
10.2
6.3
5.2
6.9
8.0
9.4
9.1
7.0
3.9

5.4
26.0
12.1
8.2
24.5
19.9
19.6
21.9
14.5
8.0

6.1
9.2
6 .7
5.3
7.2
7.9
10.4
10.9
8.5
4.3

5.1
4.7
7.0
8.0
5.6
4.4
4.4
7.5
10.6
6.3
8.6

6.0
5.0
7.9
9.4
6.7
5.0
5.3
8.8
12.9
7.2
10.8

9.2
14.2
12.4
16.7
12.0
9.4
8.1
15.2
28.0
16.9
19.9

6.4
7.0
8.3
9.3
4 .9
5.8
5.5
8.0
13.6
8.8
13.5

South C a ro lin a ..........................................
South D a k o ta ............................................
Tennessee .................................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah .............................................................
V e r m o n t......................................................
V irg in ia .........................................................
W a s h in g to n ................................................
W est V irg in ia .............................................
W is c o n s in ...................................................
W y o m in g .....................................................

5.1
4.3
7.0
8.0
5.6
4.3
4.3
7.4
10.7
6.2
8.3

7.2
6.3

(*)
2.4

<6)
2.4

10.7
2.3
4.1
.4

9.5
5.5
7.5
3.8

3.9
2.0
1.7
1.0

6.8
4 .9
5.9
1.8

5.1
3.0
2.0
1.6

5.4
9.7
7.2
5.6
5.4
8.2
8.7
9.2
7.3
4.2

2.3
2.8
2.8
2.5
3.3
3.0
5.5
3.0
2.4
2.2

4.2
7.0
6.0
4 .7
3.9
6.7
7.8
7.6
4.7
3.1

2.6
6.0
2.7
3.0
5.3
4 .2
4.1
5.9
3.7
2 .2

5.8
4.3
8.4
10.3
7.2
4.7
7.0
9.1
11.3
5.9
10.3

4.5
3.4
1.7
4.2
3.6
2.4
1.2
6.1
5.0
3.6
3.8

5.7
3.7
7.6
8.2
6.2
4.2
4.1
8.7
9.0
6.1
9.6

2.5
5.8
4.4
3.8
3.3
2.7
1.8
4.5
4.0
3.5
3.8

6.2

6.0

(6)
6.3
4.8

(6)
7.2
5.6

(6)
8 .6
9.4
8.1
8.8
4.0

(6)
6.4
11.9
17.4
8.0
4.9

3.6
5.8
4.3
3.6
4.8
6.5
6.1
6.3
5.5
2.9

6.0
6.7
9.6
9.8
4.3
5.2
4.1
7.0
15.5
8 .6

6.5
7.4
7.1
8.5
5.8
7.4
6.9
10.5
11.5
9.2
9.5

3.4
4.1
5.0
6.7
4.0
1.6
3.5
6.3
6.1
3.9
8.2

(6)

4 .8
3.5
(6)
(6)
10.0
(*)
8.2
5.4
3.6
7.7
5.9
7.5
6.0
(6)
(6)
1.6
6.2
9.9
3.2
1.7
.8
6.9
(*)
5.0
4.8

6 Data are not shown w hen the labor force base does not m eet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sam ple in that area. S ee
appendix B.
7 Less than 5 00 persons or less than 0 .0 5 percent.
NO TE:
Items may not add to totals or com pute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 Includes private household workers, self-em ployed and unpaid family workers, and
mining.
3 Includes self-em ployed and unpaid family workers and mining.
4 Includes mining.
5 Excludes private household workers.




9.1
6.0

64

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1986 annual
averages
Total employed

Nonagricultural Industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Trans­
porta­
tion,
com ­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

TO TAL

A la b a m a ............................................................
Alaska ...............................................................
A riz o n a ..............................................................
Arkansas ...........................................................
C a lifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo ra d o ...........................................................
Connecticut .....................................................
D e la w a re .........................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................
F lo rid a ...............................................................

1,697
229
1,476
979
12,473
1,568
1,674
311
302
5,268

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

95.8
98.7
95.7
93.3
96.0
97.2
97.9
97.2
97.8
95.9

70.1
57.3
72.4
68.4
73.1
72.6
80.8
79.1
59.6
74.9

5.2
4.6
8.8
4.0
4.9
5.7
4.4
5.8
3.5
7.4

22.6
4.0
12.5
21.1
18.9
11.6
26.2
21.8
3.2
11.3

12.0
2.1
9.8
11.0
13.1
8.1
18.8
5.9
.9
7.0

10.6
2.0
2.7
10.1
5.9
3.5
7.4
15.9
2.3
4.3

5.4
7.1
4.8
5.6
5.3
6.1
5.0
4.3
4.6
5.4

18.0
15.7
19.9
18.7
18.1
20.8
17.2
19.6
11.7
22.5

4.0
5.1
5.9
4.5
6.3
6.6
9.3
7.7
5.1
6.9

14.5
17.5
19.7
14.1
19.2
19.8
18.5
19.8
31.6
21.2

18.0
28.9
15.5
15.3
14.0
15.3
10.9
13.0
33.0
13.5

2.5
.7
3.2
5.3
2.7
1.9
1.2
2.1
.2
2.8

Georgia .............................................................
Hawaii ...............................................................
Id a h o ..................................................................
Illin o is ................................................................
Indiana ..............................................................
Io w a ....................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
K e n tu c k y ...........................................................
Louisiana...........................................................
M a i n e ................................................................

2 ,836
465
427
5,225
2,565
1,332
1,158
1,533
1,727
532

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.8
96.0
89.9
96.7
95.4
87.5
92.0
93.6
96.4
95.7

75.6
66.3
63.0
77.7
76.3
64.7
68.9
70.6
70.1
70.4

5.6
3.9
4.1
3.8
4.4
3.3
4.0
3.5
6.3
5.4

19.5
5.2
12.4
20.8
25.2
16.4
17.1
18.5
11.0
20.8

7.7
.8
5.8
12.5
18.4
9.4
9.7
10.9
5.9
8.7

11.8
4.4
6.7
8.3
6.9
7.0
7.4
7.5
5.1
12.1

7.1
8.2
5.6
6.4
5.2
4.0
6.0
5.6
6.1
4.1

20.0
20.1
20.4
19.4
18.8
19.6
18.6
19.1
20.4
18.1

5.7
6.0
3.9
7.0
4.7
5.0
5.5
4.3
5.3
4.5

17.6
22.7
16.2
19.8
17.6
16.3
16.5
16.7
17.9
17.5

14.7
21.7
15.5
13.0
12.1
15.5
15.1
15.1
19.1
14.1

1.8
3.3
8.5
2.4
3.4
11.3
6.6
4.8
1.7
2.7

M a ry la n d ...........................................................
M a s sa ch u se tts ...............................................
Michigan ..........................................................
M in n e s o ta ........................................................
Mississippi .......................................................
M issouri.............................................................
M o n ta n a ............................................................
N e b r a s k a .........................................................
N e v a d a ..............................................................
N ew Hampshire .............................................

2,252
2,934
4,007
2,095
1,027
2 ,374
374
763
508
546

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.2
98.8
96.7
91.7
95.1
95.3
88.6
89.1
98.5
98.1

69.1
79.7
77.2
70.6
69.4
74.6
55.8
66.6
78.7
78.4

6.3
4.4
3.7
4.2
4.6
4.7
3.0
3.2
6.4
7.1

11.7
22.5
26.9
17.7
22.1
19.2
6.3
12.8
5.6
27.2

6.6
15.8
21.0
10.8
12.4
10.7
3.6
6.2
3.3
19.7

5.1
6.7
5.8
6.9
9.7
8.5
2.7
6.6
2.3
7.6

5.2
4.9
4.0
5.0
5.2
6.4
5.8
6.1
5.4
3.8

17.8
17.9
19.8
19.3
17.9
19.8
19.4
20.3
19.1
18.7

6.7
7.0
4.5
5.8
4.3
5.3
3.8
6.5
5.7
4.5

21.5
22.9
18.1
18.4
14.0
19.0
16.2
17.4
35.4
17.1

22.9
12.9
13.6
14.0
17.7
13.0
20.8
14.9
13.2
11.5

1.8
.7
2.1
7.4
3.3
3.7
10.3
9.6
1.0
1.1

New Jersey .....................................................
N ew Mexico ....................................................
New Y o r k .........................................................
North C a ro lin a ................................................
North D a k o ta ..................................................
O h io ....................................................................
O klahom a ........................................................
Oregon ..............................................................
Pennsylvania ..................................................
Rhode Is la n d ..................................................

3,696
610
7,881
3,024
310
4,809
1,462
1,233
5,248
4 90

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

98.2
94.8
97.9
96.2
83.1
97.2
94.3
94.2
97.1
98.7

78.9
61.1
74.1
76.3
58.0
77.4
66.0
69.2
77.9
80.0

4.9
5.7
4.2
5.8
3.5
3.6
3.6
2.8
4.8
4.5

20.6
5.7
16.7
28.8
5.0
24.6
12.1
16.2
21.2
27.1

9.9
3.3
9.2
12.4
1.8
16.5
7.7
11.6
12.4
18.9

10.7
2.4
7.5
16.5
3.2
8.0
4.4
4.6
8.8
8.1

6.6
4.7
5.5
4.4
5.0
4.5
5.0
5.4
4.9
3.8

18.4
19.9
16.9
17.3
21.1
20.1
19.4
20.2
18.7
18.0

7.9
4.9
8.7
4.5
4.5
5.2
5.7
6.0
5.3
6.9

20.4
17.2
21.9
15.2
17.2
19.0
16.5
18.5
22.3
19.7

13.7
23.3
17.4
13.1
17.2
13.5
18.1
14.2
12.0
13.9

1.2
4.0
1.2
2.6
15.6
1.9
4.7
4.1
2.0
.7

South Carolina ...............................................
South D a k o ta ..................................................
Tennessee .......................................................
Texas ................................................................
U t a h ....................................................................
Verm ont ............................................................
Virginia ..............................................................
W a s hin gton......................................................
W est V irg in ia ...................................................
Wisconsin ........................................................
W y o m in g ...........................................................

1,502
329
2,116
7,433
709
279
2,740
2,000
655
2 ,230
227

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.6
83.1
95.3
96.1
95.9
94.9
96.0
95.4
96.9
94.1
93.1

74.3
58.2
73.8
73.4
69.2
72.6
70.4
67.5
71.5
72.6
62.0

5.4
3.3
5.5
5.9
5.9
6.5
5.8
4.6
4.8
3.5
6.3

27.4
9.2
24.5
13.5
14.9
18.2
15.8
14.8
14.5
23.6
4.5

8.6
4.9
11.3
7.8
9.1
13.2
8.1
10.9
7.4
14.6
1.7

18.9
4.3
13.2
5.7
5.8
4.9
7.7
3.9
7.1
9.0
2.8

5.7
3.4
4.2
5.8
5.8
3.2
5.0
5.2
5.6
4.2
7.4

17.5
18.4
18.8
20.1
20.1
17.9
17.6
19.9
20.7
19.0
19.3

4.4
5.0
4.8
7.2
4.9
4.6
6.0
5.6
4.0
5.3
3.6

13.8
17.6
15.8
17.4
17.0
22.2
19.2
17.4
15.3
17.0
11.8

14.6
15.2
14.0
14.2
18.4
12.3
19.9
18.1
18.5
14.3
22.6

1.9
15.6
3.5
2.6
3.3
4.1
2.9
3.5
1.4
5.0
5.8

A la b a m a ............................................................
A la s k a ...............................................................
A riz o n a ..............................................................
Arkansas ...........................................................
C a lifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo r a d o ...........................................................
Connecticut .....................................................
D e la w a re ...........................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................
F lo r id a ...............................................................

927
125
826
545
7 ,060
847
912
167
150
2,873

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.3
99.1
95.0
91.8
95.7
97.2
98.3
97.0
99.3
95.9

71.9
58.4
72.7
67.6
73.6
72.7
81.1
79.0
63.7
75.5

8.9
7.6
14.3
6.5
7.7
9.5
7.3
9.6
6.4
12.1

28.8
5.6
14.6
24.1
22.8
15.0
33.1
27.1
3.9
13.9

16.8
3.3
11.8
13.4
16.5
11.3
25.4
8.5
1.2
9.2

12.0
2.2
2.8
10.6
6.3
3.7
7.8
18.6
2.7
4.7

7.0
8.6
5.7
7.7
6.3
6.9
5.7
6.0
6.2
6.8

15.2
15.0
19.0
17.3
17.4
19.7
15.2
17.1
13.5
21.5

2.2
3.1
3.9
3.4
4.1
4.9
6.7
5.5
5.4
5.1

8.9
13.5
14.0
8.0
14.8
14.1
12.9
13.7
28.3
15.8

15.2
26.0
13.1
12.4
12.0
14.4
9.2
11.8
28.8
11.1

3.3
.8
4.6
7.8
3.9
2.7
1.5
2.9
.4
3.9

Georgia .............................................................
Hawaii ...............................................................
Id a h o ..................................................................
Illin o is .................................................................
In d ia n a ..............................................................
Io w a ....................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
K e n tu c k y ...........................................................
L ouisiana...........................................................

1,540
247
240
2,928
1,416
7 46
641
886
972

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.8
95.2
86.8
96.2
94.9
83.0
89.6
92.6
97.0

78.3
65.0
61.2
77.6
77.1
62.0
68.9
73.4
73.5

9.5
6.5
6.8
6.3
7.4
5.4
6.3
5.5
10.7

23.1
6.3
15.4
25.5
31.7
20.0
22.0
22.9
15.5

10.9
1.0
8.3
16.2
24.0
11.9
13.2
14.9
8.3

12.2
5.3
7.1
9.3
7.6
8.0
8.8
8.0
7.2

9.3
10.2
7.4
8.3
7.3
5.3
8.1
8.2
8.7

19.9
18.3
17.0
18.1
16.0
18.5
16.8
17.8
18.5

4.1
4.3
2.8
4.5
3.0
3.0
3.3
2.9
3.8

12.2
19.4
11.2
14.1

10.4
21.2
13.3
11.4
10.5
13.4
12.3
11.0
15.1

2.9
4.6
12.7
3.5
4.9
16.8
10.1
7.1
2.6

M en


S ee footnotes at end of table.


------ 65

11.2
9.5
10.6
11.2
11.8

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total em ployed’

Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural w age and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transportation,
com ­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

M e n — C o n tin u e d

Maine .................................................................

295

100.0

95.5

69.7

8.6

24.8

11.6

13.3

5.2

16.7

2.4

11.8

13.1

3.6

M a ry la n d ...........................................................
M a s s a c h u s e tts ...............................................
Michigan ...........................................................
M in n e s o ta .........................................................
Mississippi .......................................................
M issouri.............................................................
M o n ta n a ............................................................
N e b r a s k a ..........................................................
N evada ..............................................................
N ew H a m p s h ire .............................................

1,216
1,567
2,2 6 6
1,159
578
1,308
209
415
272
302

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.4
99.0
96.6
89.1
94.2
94.1
85.6
8 5.6
98.5
98.4

69.6
78.9
79.2
68.6
69.5
75.1
54.4
64.5
78.1
78.1

10.8
7.5
6.0
6.9
7.5
7.8
4 .6
5.3
10.7
11.6

14.2
27.5
36.1
21.5
24.6
22.7
8.7
16.6
6.7
31.9

9.4
20.5
29.5
13.5
16.0
14.0
5.3
8 .6
4.2
23.5

4.9
7.0
6.5
8.0
8.6
8.6
3.4
8.0
2.5
8.4

6.5
5.8
4.8
6.0
7.1
8.8
8.3
8.7
6.4
4.1

18.6
17.0
17.8
18.3
17.0
19.8
18.0
19.3
17.8
17.6

4.4
4 .7
2.7
4.0
2.7
4.0
2.9
4.4
3.7
2.0

15.1
16.2
11.5
11.6
8.3
11.6
9.8
9.6
30.7
10.8

21.4
12.1
10.6
12.3
14.5
10.6
18.2
13.0
13.3
10.9

2.4
.9
3.0
10.8
5.2
5.5
14.1
14.2
1.4
1.2

N ew Jersey .....................................................
N ew Mexico ....................................................
New Y o r k ..........................................................
North C a ro lin a ................................................
North D a k o ta ...................................................
O h io ....................................................................
O k la h o m a .........................................................
O r e g o n ...............................................................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ...................................................
Rhode Is la n d ...................................................

2,081
3 52
4 ,374
1,643
174
2,681
795
674
2,925
253

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

98.4
94.2
98.2
95.8
76.7
97.1
93.0
94.0
97.2
98.8

79.0
63.9
74.1
77.7
55.4
78.6
65.3
69.6
77.3
78.1

8.0
9.4
7.1
9.7
5.7
5.7
6.1
4.5
7.8
7.9

23.3
7.4
19.3
30.9
6 .6
32.4
14.8
21.1
26.2
29.9

11.7
4.4
12.0
15.3
2.5
23.0
9.7
15.8
17.9
21.3

11.6
3.0
7.2
15.7
4.1
9.3
5.1
5.3
8.4
8.6

8.3
6.2
6.9
6.1
7.2
6.1
6.7
6.9
6.9
5.0

17.9
18.5
16.7
16.9
20.6
18.2
18.4
19.5
16.8
17.6

6.4
3.6
7.4
3 .2
3 .6
3.3
3.5
3.8
3.3
3.8

15.1
13.9
16.7
10.6
9.1
12.1
10.8
13.5
15.0
13.8

12.3
20.2
16.0
9.6
13.8
11.2
15.6
11.9
11.3
14.4

1.5
5.4
1.6
3.9
23.1
2.6
6.7
5.4
2.6
1.1

South C a r o lin a ...............................................
South D a k o ta ..................................................
Tennessee .......................................................
Texas .................................................................
U t a h ....................................................................
V e r m o n t............................................................
V irg in ia ..............................................................
W as h in g to n ......................................................
W est V irg in ia ...................................................
Wisconsin ........................................................
W y o m in g ...........................................................

821
182
1,155
4 ,224
410
152
1,508
1,121
379
1,251
129

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.6
77.3
94.4
95.8
94.9
94.5
95.9
95.1
97.5
92.9
92.2

75.4
52.9
72.5
74.2
69.5
71.6
71.1
68.4
75.2
71.6
66.0

8 .9
5.5
9.0
9.3
9.1
10.8
9.9
7.4
8 .0
5.9
10.3

2 9.2
11.1
26.5
16.7
17.6
21.9
19.2
20.1
19.0
30.9
5.7

11.1
5.9
15.1
10.0
11.5
17.1
11.2
15.4
11.0
19.8
2.4

18.1
5.2
11.4
6.7
6.1
4 .7
7.9
4 .7
8 .0
11.1
3.3

7.9
4.4
5.7
7.4
7.2
4.7
6 .5
6.1
7.4
5.4
10.6

16.7
16.5
17.7
18.8
17.4
15.7
15.7
18.4
18.5
15.9
15.8

2.9
3.8
3.3
4 .6
3.3
2.9
4.1
3.6
2.2
3.1
1.7

9.7
9.1
10.0
12.8
14.1
15.5
13.7
12.7
9.5
10.4
7.6

11.6
14.1
12.6
11.6
17.2
11.2
18.4
16.2
14.8
12.9
17.4

2.9
22.4
5.3
3.8
4.9
5.2
3.8
4.4
2.0
6.7
7.6

A la b a m a ............................................................
A la s k a ................................................................
A riz o n a ..............................................................
A rk a n s a s ...........................................................
C a lifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo r a d o ...........................................................
C o n n e c tic u t.....................................................
D e la w a re ...........................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................
F lo r id a ................................................................

771
104
6 50
4 34
5,413
721
762
144
153
2,395

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

95.2
98.3
96.5
95.2
96.2
97.3
97.4
97.4
96.3
96.0

68.0
55.9
72.0
69.4
72.5
72.4
80.3
79.3
55.5
74.2

.8
.9
1.9
.9
1.2
1.2
.9
1.5
.6
1.8

15.1
2.1
9.8
17.4
13.9
7.7
17.9
15.7
2.4
8.2

6.3
.5
7.2
7.9
8.6
4.4
11.0
3.0
.5
4.4

8.8
1.6
2.6
9.5
5.3
3.3
7.0
12.7
1.9
3.8

3.4
5.3
3 .5
2.8
4 .0
5.2
4.1
2.3
3.0
3.7

21.4
16.6
21.2
20.5
19.0
2 2.0
19.6
22.6
9.9
23.7

6.1
7.4
8.4
5.8
9.2
8.6
12.5
10.2
4.7
9.1

21.1
22.3
27.0
21.9
25.0
26.6
25.2
26.9
34.9
27.6

2 1.2
32.3
18.6
18.9
16.6
16.5
13.0
14.4
37.1
16.4

1.6
.5
1.4
2.3
1.2
.9
.7
1.1
.1
1.5

G e o r g ia .............................................................
Hawaii ................................................................
Id a h o ..................................................................
Illin o is .................................................................
In d ia n a ..............................................................
Io w a ....................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
K e n tu c k y ...........................................................
Louisiana...........................................................
M aine .................................................................

1,296
217
187
2 ,297
1,149
5 86
517
6 48
7 55
2 37

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.7
97.0
93.9
97.4
96.0
93.2
95.0
95.0
95.6
95.9

72.4
67.8
65.3
77.8
75.4
68.1
68.8
66.7
65.8
71.2

1.0
1.0
.8
.7
.6
.6
1.3
.7
.6
1.4

15.2
4 .0
8.6
14.7
17.3
11.9
11.0
12.5
5.2
15.8

3.9
.6
2.6
7.7
11.3
6.2
5.3
5.6
2.8
5.2

11.4
3.4
6.1
7.0
5.9
5.7
5.8
6 .9
2.4
10.6

4 .3
6.0
3.2
4 .0
2.8
2.2
3.3
2.0
2 .8
2 .6

20.1
22.2
24.8
21.0
22.2
21.0
20.7
20.8
22.9
19.8

7.6
8.0
5.3
10.3
6.7
7.5
8.1
6.2
7.1
7.0

24.1
26.5
22.6
27.0
25.6
24.9
23.9
24.4
25.9
24.7

19.7
22.1
18.4
15.1
13.9
18.2
18.6
2 0.6
24.2
15.4

.6
1.8
3.0
.9
1.7
4.3
2.4
1.7
.6
1.6

M a ry la n d ...........................................................
M a s sa ch u se tts ...............................................
Michigan ...........................................................
M in n e s o ta .........................................................
Mississippi ........................................................
M issouri.............................................................
M o n ta n a ............................................................
N e b r a s k a ..........................................................
N e v a d a ..............................................................
N ew H a m p s h ire .............................................

1,037
1,366
1,741
936
449
1,066
165
3 48
2 37
2 44

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.9
98.6
96.8
95.0
96.2
96.9
92.3
93.4
98.4
97.7

68.6
80.6
74.6
73.0
69.2
74.0
57.6
69.2
79.4
78.7

1.0
.9
.8
.7
.8
.9
1.1
.7
1.5
1.4

8.7
16.6
14.9
12.9
18.9
15.0
3.2
8.2
4.2
21.5

3.4
10.3
10.0
7.4
7.9
6.6
1.4
3.2
2.2
15.0

5.3
6.3
4 .9
5.5
11.0
8.4
1.8
5.0
2.0
6.5

3.6
3.9
2.9
3.8
2.8
3.4
2.7
3.1
4.2
3.4

16.9
19.0
22.5
20.7
19.0
19.9
21.2
21.5
20.6
20.0

9 .5
9.7
6 .9
8.0
6.2
6.8
4 .9
8 .9
7.9
7.7

29.0
30.6
26.6
26.8
21.3
28.0
24.3
26.6
40.7
24.8

24.6
13.7
17.5
16.1
21.8
16.0
24.1
17.1
13.0
12.2

1.1
.5
.9
3.2
1.0
1.4
5.6
4.1
.5
.9

N ew Jersey .....................................................
N ew Mexico ....................................................
N ew Y o r k ..........................................................
North C a ro lin a .................................................
North D a k o ta ...................................................
O h io .....................................................................

1,616
258
3,508
1,382
136
2 ,127

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.9
95.6
97.5
96.6
91.3
97.2

78.8
57.3
74.0
74.6
61.3
75.9

.9
.6
.7
1.2
.8
.8

17.0
3.3
13.5
26.4
3.0
14.7

7.5
1.8
5.7
9.0
1.0
8.4

9.5
1.5
7.7
17.4
2.1
6.3

4 .6
2.7
3.8
2 .5
2.3
2.5

19.0
21.9
17.2
17.9
21.7
22.6

9.9
6.8
10.3
6.0
5.6
7.5

27.4
21.8
28.4
20.6
27.5
27.6

15.6
27.6
19.2
17.2
21.5
16.5

.8
2.1
.6
1.2
6.0
.9

W om en




66

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed1

Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Trans­
porta­
tion,
com ­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Finance,
insur­
Trade

ance,
and real
estate

20.5
20.9
21.1

8.3
8.6
7.7
10.2

Ser­
vices4

G overn­
ment

Agricul­
ture

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

O k la h o m a ........................................................
O r e g o n ..............................................................
P en n s y lv a n ia ...................................................
Rhode Is la n d ..................................................

666
559
2,324
237

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

95.8
94.4
97.0
98.6

0.6
.8

1.2
.6

98

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.6
97.4
95.4
96.1
95.7
96.0
95.6
94.3

72.8
64.9
75.4
72.3
68.7
73.9
69.7
66.3
66.3
73.8
56.7

1,369
188
1,400
844
10,716
1,462
1,565
262
101
4,4 5 9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.3
98.9
95.7
93.9
95.7
97.2
98.0
97.3
97.6
96.5

73.0
68.6
73.4
72.7
81.0
79.7
63.7
76.4

2 ,058
146
418
4 ,556
2 ,396
1,311
1,093
1,440

100.0

Hawaii ...............................................................
Id a h o .................................................................
Illin o is ................................................................
In d ia n a ..............................................................
Io w a ....................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
K e n tu c k y ...........................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.5
95.6
89.7
96.4
95.4

Louisiana...........................................................
M aine ................................................................

1,302
528

100.0
100.0

93.8
97.5
95.7

62.8
78.2
76.9
64.6
68.6
71.3
72.4
70.4

M a ry la n d ...........................................................
M a s sa ch u se tts ...............................................
Michigan ...........................................................
M in n e s o ta ........................................................
Mississippi .......................................................
M is so u ri.............................................................
M o n ta n a ............................................................
Nebraska .........................................................
Nevada ..............................................................
N ew Hampshire .............................................

1,710
2 ,774
3,563
2,029
695
2,131
361
738
453
542

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.3
98.8
96.6
91.4
96.7
94.9
88.4
88.9
98.4
98.1

N ew Jersey .....................................................
New Mexico ....................................................
N ew Y o r k .........................................................
North C a ro lin a ................................................
North D a k o ta ...................................................

3,183
567
6 ,685
2 ,433
301
4,387
1,283
1,179
4,884
470

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1,111
318
1,801
6 ,489
688
277
2,185
1,832
6 34
2 ,147
224

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

South C a ro lin a ...............................................
South D a k o ta .................................................
Tennessee .......................................................
Texas ................................................................
U t a h ....................................................................
V e r m o n t............................................................
V irg in ia ..............................................................
W ashin gton......................................................
W est V irg in ia ..................................................
W is c o n s in ........................................................
W y o m in g ...........................................................

681
147
961
3 ,209
299
127
1,232
879
277
979

96.6
90.4
96.4

66.8
68.8
78.8
82.0

1.1
.7

1.2
1.6
1.6
1.3
.8
1.0
.5
.4
.9

8.9
10.3
14.9
24.0
25.3
6.8
22.1
9.2
11.3
13.7
11.7
8.1
8.3
14.1
2.9

5.4
6.6
5.5
16.4

3.5
3.6
9.4
7.6

2.9
3.6
2.5
2.6

5.5
3.6
6.8
4.9
5.8
8.6
4.2
5.1
2.4
8.0
.7

19.8

3.0
2.1
2.5
3.8
3.9
1.5
3.2
4.0
3.1
2.7
3.1

20.6
20.2
21.9
23.9
20.5
19.8
21.8
23.8
23.0
23.9

3.2
15.3
4.4
5.4
5.1
7.5
3.0
5.9
6.2
2.2

18.5
18.4

23.3
24.7
31.4
26.0

21.1
17.0
12.9
13.5

2.2
2.5
1.3
.3

6.3
6.5
6.5
10.6
7.0

18.6
28.1
22.8
23.4
20.9

18.3
16.6
15.6
17.7
20.1

.6
7.1

6.5
8.3
8.1
6.6
8.2
6.1

30.3
25.8
23.4
23.3
25.4
17.5

13.8
21.6
20.5

1.5
.9
1.1
2.7
1.7
2.4

23.6
16.0
29.5

.6
2.7
3.4

4.7
5.6
6.1
4.8
6.2
6.8
9.0
7.6
5.8
7.4

14.3
18.0
19.8
13.7
19.1
19.9
18.6
19.8
39.6

16.5
25.7

21.5

12.1

2.5
.6
3.2
5.2
3.0
1.9
1.2
2.2
.3
2.5

W h ite

A la b a m a ............................................................
Alaska ...............................................................
A riz o n a ..............................................................
Arkansas ..........................................................
C alifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo ra d o ...........................................................
Connecticut .....................................................
D e la w a re ..........................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................
F lo r id a ...............................................................
G e o r g ia .............................................................

O h io ....................................................................
O k la h o m a ........................................................
O r e g o n ..............................................................
P en n s y lv a n ia ...................................................
Rhode Is la n d ...................................................
South C a ro lin a ...............................................
South D a k o ta ..................................................
Tennessee .......................................................
Texas .................................................................
U t a h ....................................................................
Verm ont ............................................................
Virginia ..............................................................
W ashin gton ......................................................
W est V irg in ia ...................................................
Wisconsin .........................................................
W y o m in g ...........................................................


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
S ee footnotes at end of table.
Federal Reserve
Bank of St. Louis

70.9
59.9

5.2
5.2
9.0
4.2
5.4
5.8
4.6
6.4
2.3
7.8

11.2

12.6
2.0
9.7
10.8
12.8
7.9
18.8
6.1
1.0
7.1

9.7
1.9
2.8
9.8
6.1
3.5
7.3
14.9
3.5
4.2

5.5
6.8
4 .6
5.7
5.2
6.0
4.9
4.1
3.0

18.2
16.7
20.3
19.2
18.2
20.8
17.6
20.8
8.4

5.3

22.9

7.4

21.5
17.7
20.4
19.8
19.0
19.5
18.8
19.6

14.6
14.4
13.2
14.9
10.5
12.2
25.4

.9
5.8
12.7

9.7
3.4
6.6
8.3

4.5
3.3
4.1
3.4

17.1
4.3
12.4
21.0
25.4
16.4
16.7
18.5

18.5
9.4
9.5
11.0

6.9
7.0
7.2
7.5

7.4
9.0
5.5
6.2
5.3
4.0
5.9
5.6

4.3

17.6
25.2
16.0
19.2
17.7
16.2
16.3
16.8

6.4
5.3

11.6
20.8

6.6
8.7

5.0
12.1

6.3
4.1

20.1
18.1

6.1
4.5

18.1
17.6

16.6
15.4
12.0
11.4
15.3
14.8
14.2
16.3
14.1

71.3
79.8
77.6
70.4
71.2
74.8
56.3
66.3
78.4
78.3

7.4
4.5
4.1
4.2
5.1
4.9
3.1
3.3
7.1
7.1

11.7
22.4
26.7
17.5
18.5
19.3
6.2
12.8
5.8
27.2

7.3
15.7
20.8
10.6
10.4
10.7
3.6
6.2
3.4
19.6

4.4
6.7
5.9
7.0
8.2
8.6
2.6
6.6
2.4
7.5

5.0
5.0
3.9
5.1
5.6
6.5
5.9
6.2
5.6
3.8

18.9
18.1
20.2
19.3
20.0
20.1
19.6
20.5
19.8
18.7

6.9
7.1
4.6
5.8
5.4

21.3
22.6
17.9
18.3
14.9
18.5
16.3
17.0
32.9
17.0

20.2
12.6
12.8
13.8
15.7
11.7
20.0
14.7
13.4
11.5

2.0
.7
2.3
7.6
2.9
4.1
10.5
9.8
1.1
1.1

98.2
94.9
97.9
96.8
82.7
97.0
94.0
94.1
97.1
98.7

79.3
62.0
74.2
76.2
58.5
78.0
66.0
69.1
78.2
80.1

5.2
5.7
4.6
6.2
3.5
3.7
3.8
2.9
4.9
4.6

20.5
5.6
16.9
27.2
4.8

9.9

10.6
2.4

6.4

18.8
20.3
17.6
17.8
21.3
20.7
19.8
20.1
19.1
18.2

8.0
5.1
8.6
5.0
4.6
5.2
5.7
5.9
5.3
6.7

20.3
17.4

12.9
22.5
16.8
12.7
16.2
12.5
17.2
13.9
11.4
13.7

1.2
4.1

97.6
82.8
95.1
96.2
96.1
94.9
96.1
95.3
96.9
93.8
93.1

73.9
58.9
74.1
73.7
69.3
72.5
70.7
67.8
71.6
72.4
62.1

5.7
3.3
5.9
6.2
5.9
6.5
5.8
4.6
4.9
3.6
6.3

23.4
9.1
25.3
13.2
14.4
18.0
14.7
14.7
14.4
23.4
4.5

18.5
18.7
18.6
20.1
20.4

5.3
5.1
4.6
7.7
5.0
4.6
6.6
5.7
4.1

14.8
17.9
15.4

87.3
91.7

76.9
65.4

6.7

22.3
3.9
12.4
20.6
18.9
11.4
26.1
21.0
4.6

3.7
4.1
4.1

67

25.1
11.7
16.2
21.6
27.2

3.2
9.8
12.2
1.6
16.8
7.6
11.5
12.7
19.0

7.2
15.0
3.2
8.2
4.1
4.6
8.9
8.2

7.2
4.9
11.4
7.7
8.8
13.0
7.3
10.9
7.3
14.4

16.2
4.2
13.9
5.5
5.5
4.9
7.5
3.8
7.0
9.1

1.7

2.9

4.7
5.4
4.4
5.1
4.5
5.1
5.4
4.9
3.8
6.1
3.4
4.1
5.8
6.0
3.3
5.1
5.2
5.6
4.2
7.3

17.9
17.6
20.2
20.7
19.0
19.2

6.5
5.5
3.9
7.1
4.7
5.0
5.4

5.3
3.9
6.3
5.9
4.6

5.2
3.6

21.0
15.4
17.3
18.4
16.1
18.4
21.6
19.5

17.1
17.2
22.2
19.5
17.3
15.3
16.8
11.9

12.9

14.0
14.0
12.9
13.4
18.4
12.4
19.1
17.3
18.2
14.1
22.4

1.9
3.4
8.6
2.7
3.6
11.4
7.0
4.9
1.7
2.7

1.3
2.6
15.9
2.0
5.2
4.2
2.1
.7
1.6
16.0
3.9
2.8
3.1
4.1
3.1
3.6
1.4
5.2
5.8

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1986 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed1

Nonagrlcultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Transportation,
com ­

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total1
2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Finance,
insur­
Trade

ance,
and real
estate

Ser­

G overn­
ment

Agricul­
ture

vices4

Black

A la b a m a ............................................................
A la s k a ................................................................
A rk a n s a s ...........................................................
C a lifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo r a d o ...........................................................
C o n n e c tic u t.....................................................
D e la w a re ...........................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................

93.3
97.1
89.3
97.8
98.8
96.8
96.4
97.9
92.3

66.5
52.8
66.4
65.0
66.6
77.9
76.0
56.8
66.5

8.9
.2
11.7
10.6
4.8
18.5
5.8
.7
6.5

17.4

2.8
1.6
3.2
1.7
3.0
4.1
5.7

23.3
2.8
23.5
13.6
8.3
26.7
27.7
2.5
11.4

4 .9

2.5
11.7
3.0
3.5
8.2
21.9
1.7
4.9

7.8
4.8
7.9
9.0
7.3
5.5
5.6
5.9

13.4
15.1
14.5
19.0
11.1
12.4

F lo r id a ................................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.4

129
705
67
99
44
193
743

G e o r g ia .............................................................
Illin o is .................................................................
In d ia n a ..............................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
K e n tu c k y ...........................................................
Louisiana...........................................................

753
542
141
52
92
401

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

94.6
98.8
95.3
97.7
91.0
92.7

72.1
73.4
69.9
74.7
59.3
62.1

3.0
2.2
3.9
1.8
3.6
6.3

26.1
17.4
23.3
24.6
18.5
8.8

8.3
10.0
17.0
12.8
10.4
3.6

17.8
7.5
6.2
11.8
8.1
5.2

6.2
8.9
4.9
7.3
5.6
5.3

15.7
15.5
16.8

M a ry la n d ...........................................................
M a s s a c h u s e tts ...............................................
Michigan ...........................................................

488
114
370
329
220
35

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.8
99.5
98.1
91.5
98.4
98.5

62.2
76.0
74.7

2.8
3.1
1.1
3.6
3.4

4 .6
16.4
23.6
16.9
10.2
1.6

7.3
5.0
4 .9
12.9
7.8
1.3

6.1
4.6

1.5

12.0
21.4
28.5
29.8
18.0
2.9

429
938
549
388
82
328

100.0

97.9
97.6
93.6
98.9
95.4

3.2
2.4

20.5
13.4

9.3

4.0
1.7
1.4

35.4

11.2
7.3
22.4

8.1

6.1

6.2
4.4

5.5
6.3
7 .2

5.1
4 .2
5.8

26.6
9.5
6.9

4.5
4.9
6.8
4.7
3.7

14.1

Mississippi .......................................................
M issouri.............................................................
Nevada ..............................................................
N ew Jersey .....................................................
N ew Y o r k ..........................................................
North C a ro lin a ................................................
O h io ....................................................................
O k la h o m a ........................................................
P en n s y lv a n ia ...................................................
South C a r o lin a ...............................................
Tennessee .......................................................
Texas ................................................................
Virginia ..............................................................
Wisconsin .........................................................

321

B

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

796
504
69

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2 32
2,413
136
52
12
619
17
292
27
51
58
42
2 46
215
709
37
56
1,565

379
298

65.5
73.4
82.2
74.8
70.2
76.4

97.6

70.6
62.0
73.7

93.6
96.3
95.6
95.0
100.0

75.1
73.0
70.8
67.7
78.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

89.0
90.4
93.9
96.0
90.0
93.8
72.7
98.4
96.5
100.0
97.7
97.6

73.7
74.9
70.2
84.4
57.1
77.1
57.8
90.0
71.7
84.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.7
94.7
97.9
97.8
98.6
94.0
80.9
95.7

86.1
62.2
80.7
75.0
87.3
72.2
59.9
71.5

5.3
1.1

3.6

19.1
11.4
15.3

13.0
13.6
5.1
8.1

4.6
3.3
3.9
6.1
.3

38.7
20.7
14.7
20.5
29.5

11.2
7.8
11.6
23.0

10.9
5.6
8.8
4.2
9.0
6.0
2.3
2.1
6.4
2.5
6.1
8.4

15.6
28.2
15.2
40.1
1.5
14.1
32.3

3 .2
7.2

40.8
6.2
2 1.5
29.4
27.7
15.0
19.3
8.7

12.1

8.9
6.5

5.2
4 .6
5.7
4 .9

1.1
5.6

14.2
21.0

2.3
5.6
3 .6
14.2
8.6
4.8
4.3

17.8
21.6
22.6
16.9
18.8

17.6
23.0
16.4

15.0
10.0
21.2

3.4
6.4
4 .6
6 .7
5.0
2.5

19.3
16.7
16.6

19.5
21.5
22.3
19.1
29.1
28.3

13.3
12.4
16.4
13.3
17.4
11.6

5.7
5.6
4 .2
1.8
5.3
4.1

22.1
28.9
19.3
11.9
23.6
57.3

32.4
21.4
20.0
22.2
23.3
11.9

15.4

6.6

11.2
15.3
14.6
15.0
12.3

9.3
2.6
5.1
5.1
5.5

20.9
27.6

20.6
24.1

14.6
24.8
23.3
31.1

14.9
25.3
28.9
21.2

19.3
20.1

2.0
5.9
3.5

11.0
18.9
20.1

16.5
20.6
20.6

16.2
15.0

3.0
8.1

17.0
22.3

24.3
17.3

3.1
3.5
2.9
7.2
4.2
5.3
2.1
5.1
7.7
3.6
1.7
4.8

17.2
15.2
17.0
10.9
24.9
21.8
9.6
17.4
6.8
19.9
20.3
37.1

11.5
10.2
17.4
9.3
25.4
8.3
12.5
5.9
16.2
11.2
11.8
5.3

4.3
10.9
9.1
3.4
4.9
.8
5.1

16.8
15.7
22.8
13.8
37.3
15.5
16.6
13.0

6.8
24.2
13.0
19.3
9.1
15.0
15.9
22.5

12.2
19.7

27.6
19.4

24.3
36.8
21.0
27.0
30.2
18.0
16.8
37.8
21.7

2.7
.1
6.0
.3
(5)
(5)
1.7
.2
4.3
1.5
(5)
1.3

(5)
3 .9
2.0
1.1

(5)
.2
4.3
.3
.6
.5
.3
3 .0
.3
1.2
.1
2.5
1.3
1.0
2.1

(5)

H ispa nic origin

A riz o n a ..............................................................
C a lifo rn ia ...........................................................
C o lo r a d o ...........................................................
C o n n e c tic u t.....................................................
District of C o lu m b ia ......................................
F lo r id a ...............................................................
Id a h o ..................................................................
Illin o is .................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................
M a s sa ch u se tts ...............................................
Michigan ...........................................................
Nevada ..............................................................
New Jersey .....................................................
N ew Mexico ....................................................
N ew Y o r k ..........................................................
O h io ....................................................................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ...................................................
Texas .................................................................
U t a h ....................................................................
W y o m in g ...........................................................

33
9

82.8
90.3

3.3
1.6
3 .0
8.3
5.0
11.8

2.8
4.1
2.9
3 .9

3.8

5.8
2 .3
5.4
7.9
4 .8
1.2
5.8

23.5
18.0
22.2
18.0
16.6
24.1
9.1
20.6
19.1
18.1
20.9
25.3

18.5
2.9
7.8
19.0
11.5
7.9
11.6
3.6

22.3
3.2
13.8
10.4
16.3
7.1
7.8
5.1

5.4
3.2
4.1
3.7
4.5
5.1
6.4
9.3

15.6
22.5
18.1
17.5
11.4
20.9
11.6
12.0

,9

4.4

10.1
6.5
3.3
1.3
(5)
4 .9
26.6
1.0
3.3
(5)
1.4
1.6
1.5
3.8
.3
(5)
1.1
3 .9
18.0
4.1

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

1 Includes private household workers, self-employed and unpaid family workers, and
mining.
2 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
3 Includes mining.
4 Excludes private household workers.
5 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed




39.3
23.8
36.0
32.5
5.4

6.1
11.8
5.9
14.8
.8
7.4
24.7
14.4
13.0
16.7
7.5
1.6

9.5
16.4
9.3
25.4
.7
6.7
7.6
25.0
10.8
19.3
24.9

68

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1986 annual averages
(Num bers in thousands)
Average hours

Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

4 1-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

TOTAL

Alabam a .....................................................
A la s k a ..........................................................
A rizo n a ........................................................
A rk an s a s .....................................................
C a lifo rn ia ....................................................
C o lo ra d o .....................................................
C o n n e c tic u t...............................................
Delaw are ....................................................
District of C olum bia................................
F lo rid a .........................................................

1,605
212
1,402
927
11,850
1,486
1,571
295
288
4,992

71
11
62
50
503
96
77
14
8
181

184
25
163
107
1,354
177
201
35
30
565

123
17
105
82
895
114
94
19
24
357

159
1,070
688
9,098
1,099
1,199
227
226
3,889

97
16
78
54
565
75
153
23
16
304

728
77
604
364
5,442
558
562
120
141
2,090

157
19
150
103
1,149
154
179
30
22
512

244
47
238
167
1,942
312
304
54
47
983

38.8
40.1
39.0
39.2
39.0
39.2
39.0
38.9
39.5
40.0

44.0
46.3
44.3
45.1
44.1
45.7
44.5
44.2
43.8
45.0

G e o r g ia .......................................................
H a w a ii..........................................................
Id a h o ............................................................
Illinois ...........................................................
In d ia n a ........................................................
Iowa .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
K en tu c k y .....................................................
L o u is ia n a ....................................................
M a in e ...........................................................

2,698
4 39
4 06
4,929
2 ,429
1,267
1,102
1,440
1,620
505

105
22
33
237
142
97
68
79
101
30

296
55
57
598
299
176
129
192
209
65

172
46
31
321
173
96
72
116
119
44

2,124
316
285
3,773
1,815
899
833
1,053
1,190
3 66

166
22
25
334
159
75
57
126
109
39

1,140
196
135
2,153
891
412
406
522
653
179

313
31
38
482
2 95
135
117
159
150
56

506
67
86
804
471
277
253
245
278
92

39.8
38.3
38.5
38.8
39.2
39.0
40.1
38.5
38.7
38.6

44.7
44.3
46.5
44.1
45.3
46.7
46.4
44.8
45.1
45.2

M a ry la n d .....................................................
M a ssachu setts..........................................
M ic h ig a n .....................................................
M in n e s o ta ..................................................
M ississippi.................................................
Missouri ......................................................
M ontana .....................................................
N e b r a s k a ....................................................
N evada .......................................................
N ew H a m p s h ire .......................................

2,144
2 ,770
3 ,770
1,990
972
2 ,250
352
725
487
517

99
144
2 17
147
52
114
30
43
15
25

2 38
370
4 69
295
108
2 82
52
97
46
57

164
234
2 92
165
72
175
28
57
40
37

1,643
2 ,022
2 ,792
1,383
739
1,679
242
529
385
398

142
191
2 14
119
63
133
17
43
24
32

941
1,126
1,367
644
4 00
918
116
228
246
192

198
270
469
207
99
224
31
85
46
74

362
435
742
413
177
404
77
173
68
100

39.2
38.0
39.1
38.6
39.3
39.0
38.6
39.8
39.2
39.6

44.4
44.1
45.4
46.5
44.9
44.9
47.2
46.8
43.5
44.9

New J e r s e y ...............................................
N ew M e x ic o ..............................................
New York ..................................................
North Carolina ..........................................
North D a k o ta ............................................
Ohio .............................................................
O k la h o m a ...................................................
O r e g o n ........................................................
P ennsylvania.............................................
Rhode Island ............................................

3,497
5 76
7,490
2,886
294
4 ,535
1,390
1,178
4,952
455

146
33
305
129
25
245
80
83
280
22

409
74

2 ,726
4 26
5,851
2 ,260
204
3,398
1,049
846
3,693
321

3 54
32
981
186
18
252
74

143
636
64

2 16
44
442
201
23
314
100
105
342
47

1,473
229
3,177
1,176
89
1,774
571
4 19
2,033
169

324
56
583
362
28
525
140
124
484
48

576
109
1,111
535
69
847
265
243
783
64

38.9
39.1
38.5
39.8
39.2
39.0
39.2
38.8
38.3
37.5

43.8
45.5
43.2
44.9
47.7
45.0
45.2
45.7
44.2
43.6

South C a ro lin a .........................................
South D a k o ta ............................................
Tennessee ..............................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah .............................................................
V e r m o n t......................................................
V irg in ia ........................................................
Washington ...............................................
W est V irg in ia .............................................
W is c o n s in ...................................................
W y o m in g .....................................................

1,430
315
1,994
7,084
678
265
2 ,608
1,888
613
2,121
213

63
22
84
327
49
15
115
135
29
153
15

159
42
221
760
104
33
266
240
79
297
27

96
25
148
502
54
21
203
156
54
148
18

1,112
227
1,541
5,494
472
196
2,024
1,357
4 50
1,522
153

104
19
145
394
31
16
175
83
39
124
10

622
93
847
2,869
243
93

167
31
200
808
65
34

1,029
722
263
716
77

309
201
58
254
20

219
85
350
1,423
133
54
512
350
90
428
45

38.9
40.8
39.3
39.9
38.0
39.4
39.9
38.4
38.4
39.0
39.1

43.9
48.7
44.5
45.3
45.8
45.8
45.0
45.3
44.2
46.4
46.2

Alabam a .....................................................
A la s k a ..........................................................
A rizo n a ........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California ....................................................
C o lo ra d o .....................................................
C o n n e c tic u t...............................................
Delaw are ....................................................
District of C olu m b ia ................................
F lo rid a ..........................................................

882
116
789
516
6,755
805
867
160
143
2 ,746

24
4
23
19
191
34
23
5
3
72

68
10
72
42
510
68
63
11
12
238

54
7
46
34
4 06
49
35
7
10
147

736
95
648
422
5,648
6 54
747
136
117
2,289

29
7
31
19
250
31
59
9
6
107

412
41
346
200
3,159
301
329
68
69
1,141

106
11
94
69
763
96
122
18
12
307

188
35
177
134
1,476
227
237
41
31
734

41.7
43.4
41.2
42.4
41.5
42.2
42.5
42.0
41.2
42.5

45.5
48.3
45.3
46.9
45.2
47.0
46.0
45.7
45.1
46.5

G e o r g ia .......................................................
H a w a ii..........................................................
Id a h o ............................................................
Illin o is ...........................................................
In d ia n a ........................................................
Iowa .............................................................
K a n s a s .......................................................
K e n tu c k y ....................................................
L o u is ia n a ....................................................
M a in e ..........................................................

1,477
2 36
230
2 ,779
1,346
713
614

39
9
12
87
57
41
25
34
38
10

119
24
21
2 30
103
65
46
86
90
22

68
23
14
136
73
35
27
54
51
17

1,251
180
184
2 ,326
1,114
571
517
665
735
232

56
8
10
121
55
27
21
43
38
13

618
106
79
1,243
510
237

190
19
26
3 26
193
82
78
110
101
40

386
47
69
636
356
225
192
201
227
73

42.3
40.2
42.7
41.6
42.4
43.0
43.8
41.3
42.1
42.4

46.0
45.5
48.3
45.5
46.8
48.8
48.2
46.4
47.2
46.8

892
296
42
578
162

1,227

61
394
40

Men

838
914
281

See footnotes at end of table.




69

225
311
368
106

T a b le 18. S ta te s : C iv ilia n s a t w o rk b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d h o u rs o f w o rk , 1986 a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

Men—Continued

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota.........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri............................................
Montana...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

1,162
1,485
2,151
1,108
550
1,247
197
396
262
287

36
48
78
55
25
52
12
15
5
8

81
112
170
109
44
102
18
33
17
18

72
95
122
73
33
78
12
21
19
14

972
1,230
1,780
871
448
1,015
155
327
220
247

46
58
83
50
22
51
7
15
11
11

530
649
791
368
224
522
68
127
133
109

124
186
321
138
63
140
19
51
28
47

272
337
584
316
139
302
61
134
49
81

42.0
41.5
42.5
42.4
41.9
41.5
42.8
44.0
41.4
43.0

45.8
45.4
46.8
48.2
46.6
46.1
49.1
48.8
44.6
46.4

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina..................................
North Dakota....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

1,983
335
4,189
1,580
166
2,543
760
648
2,774
237

51
13
104
48
9
84
33
27
89
8

137
31
293
118
15
200
64
51
208
20

92
18
186
82
8
122
40
38
143
20

1,703
273
3,605
1,331
134
2,137
623
532
2,333
189

128
15
367
63
6
88
28
24
138
13

886
140
1,959
645
50
1,027
310
235
1,234
93

225
37
400
223
19
346
88
82
336
33

465
82
880
400
58
676
199
190
625
50

41.9
41.9
41.5
42.4
44.5
42.4
42.1
42.6
41.8
40.7

45.2
46.6
44.6
46.2
50.4
46.5
46.7
47.3
45.6
45.2

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming...........................................

789
175
1,091
4,045
396
146
1,445
1,067
353
1,192
123

28
9
38
135
16
6
42
50
12
55
6

62
14
90
333
43
10
100
91
30
107
9

35
9
56
244
24
6
85
68
24
58
8

665
143
906
3,332
313
123
1,218
859
288
971
100

34
7
46
172
15
5
58
36
14
45
3

346
50
469
1,595
147
55
577
431
161
408
47

106
19
120
491
45
22
184
137
40
176
13

178
67
270
1,075
105
41
399
255
73
343
36

41.5
45.8
41.8
42.3
41.6
43.2
42.9
41.2
41.2
43.0
43.0

45.3
51.4
46.0
46.6
47.0
47.4
46.7
46.0
45.4
48.2
48.0

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

723
96
612
411
5,096
681
704
135
145
2,246

46
7
40
32
312
62
54
8
5
109

116
15
91
64
845
110
138
24
17
327

70
10
59
48
489
65
59
12
14
210

491
64
422
267
3,450
445
453
91
109
1,600

68
9
47
35
315
44
95
14
10
197

316
35
259
164
2,283
257
233
52
73
949

51
8
56
34
386
58
58
12
10
205

56
12
61
34
465
86
67
13
16
249

35.3
36.0
36.1
35.2
35.7
35.7
34.6
35.2
37.7
36.9

41.9
43.4
42.7
42.3
42.4
43.8
42.2
42.0
42.5
42.9

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Io w a ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana..........................................
M aine................................................

1,221
203
176
2,150
1,082
554
488
602
706
224

66
13
22
150
84
56
44
45
63
20

177
31
36
368
197
111
83
107
119
43

105
23
17
185
100
60
45
62
68
27

874
136
101
1,447
701
328
316
388
455
134

111
14
16
213
104
48
35
83
71
26

521
90
56
910
382
175
180
211
285
73

122
12
13
156
101
53
40
49
49
16

120
20
17
168
115
52
61
45
50
19

36.8
36.0
33.1
35.1
35.2
33.8
35.4
34.7
34.2
33.9

42.8
42.7
43.2
41.9
43.0
43.1
43.6
42.1
41.7
42.4

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri ............................................
Montana...........................................
Nebraska...........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

982
1,286
1,619
882
422
1,003
155
329
225
230

63
96
139
92
28
62
18
28
10
17

156
259
298
186
64
180
34
64
29
39

91
139
170
92
40
97
16
36
22
23

671
792
1,012
512
291
664
87
202
164
151

96
134
131
70
41
82
10
28
14
21

411
476
576
276
176
397
48
101
114
83

75
84
147
70
35
84
12
34
19
27

90
98
158
97
39
102
16
39
18
20

35.9
34.1
34.6
33.8
35.9
35.8
33.3
34.8
36.7
35.3

42.5
41.9
42.9
43.6
42.3
43.0
43.9
43.5
41.9
42.5

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina ...................................
North Dakota....................................
O h io...................................... - ..........
Oklahoma..........................................
Oregon..............................................

1,514
240
3,301
1,306
128
1,992
630
530

95
20
201
81
16
161
47
56

272
42
599
179
27
378
98
93

124
26
256
119
14
192
60
67

1,023
152
2,246
928
70
1,261
426
315

225
17
614
123
11
164
46
37

587
89
1,218
530
39
747
261
184

99
19
183
139
10
179
52
41

111
27
231
135
11
172
66
52

34.9
35.3
34.7
36.8
32.4
34.7
35.9
34.1

41.4
43.6
41.0
43.0
42.7
42.6
43.0
43.2

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




70

T a b le 18. S ta te s: C iv ilia n s a t w o rk b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d h o u rs o f w o rk , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Num bers in thousands)

Average hours

Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1-14

15-29

hours

hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

Women—Continued

P enns y lv a nia .............................................
Rhode Island ............................................

2,179
218

191
14

428
44

200
27

1,360
133

255
27

799
76

148
16

157
14

33.9
34.0

41.9
41.4

South C a ro lin a ..........................................
South D a k o ta ............................................
Tennessee ................................................

641
140
903
3,039
282
119
1,164
821
259
928
90

35
13
45
192
33
9
73
85
17
98
9

98
28
131
428
61
22
166
149
50
190
17

61
15
92
258
30
14
118
89
30
90
10

447
84
635
2,161
159
73
806
498
163
551
53

70
12
98
222
16
11
117
47
25
80
7

276
43
378
1,274
96
38
452
291
102
308
30

61
11
79
317
19
12
125
65
18
78
7

41
17
79
349
28
13
112
95
17
85
9

35.8
34.6
36.4
36.8
33.0
34.9
36.2
34.6
34.7
33.8
33.7

41.7
44.1
42.3
43.1
43.3
43.2
42.5
43.9
42.1
43.3
42.8

81
11
100
57
620
74
101
17
10
285

14
2
17
13
123
20
22
3
1
39

23
3
36
19
221
27
40
7
4
114

11
1
9
6
66
7
7
2
1
29

32
4
38
19
209
20
32
6
3
103

5
7
5
29
3
5
1
ft
20

20
2
22
10
140
13
17
3
2
57

4
1
3
2
21
2
6
1
ft
14

3
1
6
1
20
2
5
1
ft
12

27.9
25.8
27.6
25.3
26.3
23.4
25.3
24.9
24.4
27.6

40.9
39.9
41.9
39.9
41.7
40.2
42.2
39.2
36.0
41.8

156
23
32
311
150
102
62
88
104
35

25
6
8
72
33
30
. 14
16
27
8

59
8
11
123
50
37
23
36
35
11

17
3
4
27
19
8
5
11
11
3

55
7
9
89
49
27
19
26
31
12

11
1
2
16
11
4
4
4
6
2

29
4
4
54
23
14
10
14
15
7

6
1
1
9
8
4
3
4
6
2

9
2
9
7
6
3
4
4
2

27.4
23.3
24.3
24.4
26.0
23.6
24.7
25.5
25.0
25.8

42.2
37.9
42.3
41.3
41.6
43.8
42.2
41.3
42.6
41.0

134
203
279
144
50
151
24
48
29
37

31
47
70
43
8
32
7
12
4
9

43
75
101
53
15
54
7
18
10
12

14
17
31
13
7
15
2
5
4
4

46
63
77
34
20
50
7
12
12
13

4
9
15
5
5
6
1
3
2
1

32
42
36
18
12
32
3
5
8
7

6
8
15
5
2
7
1
2
1
2

4
5
11
7
1
5
2
2
1
2

25.8
24.7
24.6
23.0
27.7
25.9
24.0
23.9
27.8
26.1

41.3
40.9
42.3
43.3
39.9
41.6
43.6
42.3
39.8
41.6

210
38
377
169
20
308
77
77
296
38

44
8
87
31
5
66
19
19
75
7

77
13
141
53
7
118
26
25
106
15

16
6
25
14
2
30
7
10
23
3

72
12
124
71
6
94
25
23
92
13

14
2
28
10
1
20
4
5
16
2

43
8
76
43
2
48
15
12
54
9

6
1
8
10
1
13
4
2
11
1

9
1
11
9
1
12
2
5
11
2

25.6
25.3
24.8
28.2
24.6
25.6
24.8
25.1
24.6
25.8

41.2
39.6
40.6
42.3
42.4
42.2
41.2
42.7
41.7
40.3

87
23
115
385
61
17
148
108
32
144
12

20
6
17
68
15
4
27
29
6
43
3

31
8
44
143
22
5
52
43
12
51
4

8
2
12
37
5
2
13
12
4
11
1

29
7
42
136
19
6
57
25
10
38
4

5
1
7
29
3
1
10
5
2
8
1

18
3
27
69
11
3
31
12
5
19
2

3
1
5
17
3
1
8
3
2
4
ft

2
3
3
21
3
1
8
4
1
7
1

25.2
26.2
27.4
27.1
24.7
25.1
27.3
23.0
25.3
23.7
23.5

40.7
46.0
41.2
42.8
41.8
39.9
42.1
41.7
39.7
44.5
39.2

Texas ...........................................................
Utah .............................................................
V e r m o n t......................................................
V irg in ia .........................................................
Washington ...............................................
W est V irg in ia .............................................
W is c o n s in ...................................................
W y o m in g .....................................................

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

Alabam a .....................................................
A la s k a .........................................................
A rizo n a ........................................................
A rk an s a s .....................................................
California ....................................................
C o lo ra d o .....................................................
C o n n e c tic u t...............................................
D e la w a r e ....................................................
District of C olum bia................................
F lo rid a .........................................................
G e o r g ia .......................................................
H a w a ii.........................................................
Id a h o ............................................................
Illinois...........................................................
In d ia n a ........................................................
Iowa .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
K en tu c k y .....................................................
L o u is ia n a ....................................................
M a in e ...........................................................
M a ry la n d .....................................................
M assa ch u se tts .........................................
M ic h ig a n .....................................................
M in n e s o ta ..................................................
M ississippi.................................................
Missouri ......................................................
M ontana .....................................................
N e b r a s k a ....................................................
N evada .......................................................
New H a m p s h ire .......................................
N ew Jersey ...............................................
N ew Mexico ..............................................
N ew York ..........................................
North Carolina ..........................................
North Dakota ............................................
O hio .............................................................
O k la h o m a ...................................................
O r e g o n ........................................................
P enn s y lv a n ia .............................................
Rhode Island ............................................
South C a ro lin a ..........................................
South D a k o ta ............................................
Tennessee ................................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah .............................................................
V e r m o n t......................................................
V irg in ia ........................................................
W a s h in g to n ...............................................
W est V irg in ia .............................................
W is c o n s in ...................................................
W y o m in g .....................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




71

ft

ft

T a b le 18. S ta te s: C iv ilia n s a t w o rk b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d h o u rs o f w o rk , 1986 a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

White

Alabama ...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas............................................
California ...........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

1,294
175
1,328
800
10,171
1,387
1,469
249
97
4,228

54
9
59
40
440
93
74
11
3
155

141
19
155
84
1,183
166
191
29
8
464

97
13
98
67
785
105
87
16
6
288

1,002
135
1,015
608
7,763
1,021
1,118
192
79
3,322

67
13
76
46
494
71
139
17
5
244

576
64
566
312
4,522
508
517
100
39
1,721

137
17
145
93
1,024
146
172
27
10
458

223
41
228
157
1,724
297
290
48
26
899

39.5
40.9
39.0
39.9
39.0
39.2
39.0
39.2
41.7
40.4

44.6
46.7
44.3
45.5
44.3
45.8
44.7
44.5
46.0
45.4

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana..........................................
Maine................................................

1,958
135
397
4,300
2,269
1,247
1,039
1,354
1,219
500

74
8
33
218
131
95
65
73
72
30

207
17
56
535
278
172
122
180
150
65

111
13
30
280
160
93
69
107
85
44

1,566
97
278
3,268
1,699
887
784
993
911
362

116
6
25
289
146
74
54
117
77
39

770
53
132
1,787
817
404
372
484
470
177

247
9
37
444
284
134
112
153
127
56

433
29
85
748
453
275
247
240
238
91

40.6
39.1
38.6
38.8
39.4
39.1
40.2
38.8
39.5
38.7

45.4
46.0
46.6
44.5
45.5
46.8
46.7
45.0
45.8
45.2

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan............................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri .............................................
Montana...........................................
Nebraska..........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire................................

1,625
2,617
3,351
1,927
661
2,020
340
702
433
513

79
140
196
141
31
106
29
41
15
25

182
351
418
283
67
250
51
93
42
57

121
221
259
158
43
156
26
55
35
37

1,243
1,905
2,477
1,343
521
1,508
234
513
342
395

104
182
195
116
38
119
17
42
22
31

668
1,045
1,164
618
260
795
111
218
213
190

165
259
433
204
77
209
31
83
43
73

306
419
685
406
146
384
75
170
64
99

39.4
38.0
39.2
38.7
40.7
39.2
38.8
40.0
39.4
39.6

44.9
44.2
45.6
46.6
45.9
45.3
47.4
47.0
43.8
45.0

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota ....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Oregon...............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

3,016
535
6,353
2,321
286
4,138
1,221
1,125
4,605
436

131
30
278
101
24
230
71
79
268
21

362
67
789
235
41
531
141
134
597
62

192
40
391
158
22
288
84
100
312
45

2,330
398
4,896
1,827
198
3,088
926
812
3,428
309

299
29
772
147
17
234
64
59
359
37

1,222
211
2,588
901
85
1,555
483
398
1,855
162

284
52
522
307
28
493
126
122
464
47

526
106
1,014
472
68
806
253
234
750
62

38.9
39.5
38.5
40.3
39.4
39.1
39.6
38.9
38.4
37.6

44.0
45.8
43.6
45.3
48.0
45.3
45.7
45.8
44.4
43.8

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming...........................................

1,060
305
1,700
6,187
656
263
2,080
1,732
593
2,044
210

42
21
73
283
48
15
90
126
28
148
15

111
40
186
658
100
32
205
224
77
285
27

65
24
122
434
52
21
155
140
53
141
18

841
220
1,319
4,813
456
195
1,630
1,243
435
1,470
151

68
19
120
331
30
16
136
77
37
121
10

435
88
708
2,430
233
92
776
644
254
679
76

135
30
176
732
64
34
257
188
56
247
20

203
83
314
1,320
129
53
461
335
88
423
45

39.9
41.0
39.5
40.2
38.1
39.5
40.5
38.5
38.5
39.1
39.2

44.7
49.0
44.7
45.6
45.9
46.0
45.6
45.5
44.3
46.6
46.4

17
10
17
2
2
2
4
25

43
1
22
65
7
9
6
21
92

26
1
14
45
5
7
3
17
64

218
6
75
541
49
73
31
140
520

30
ft
8
29
3
14
5
11
56

148
4
49
394
35
40
18
98
347

20
ft
9
40
4
8
3
12
49

20
1
9
79
7
11
5
20
69

36.0
36.1
34.7
39.2
38.4
38.6
36.8
38.3
37.6

41.5
41.3
42.3
43.0
42.8
42.4
42.4
42.7
42.6

Black

Alabama ...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

304
7
121
668
63
92
42
183
700

Georgia.............................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana...........................................

716
510
132
50
85
378

32
17
9
2
5
28

88
52
18
5
12
57

58
36
12
3
9
32

539
405
93
41
59
262

49
38
10
2
10
31

359
298
66
29
39
174

63
29
9
4
6
23

67
40
8
6
5
35

37.6
37.9
35.5
38.3
35.4
35.8

42.6
41.8
41.6
42.4
41.2
42.4

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................

465
109
348

17
3
16

48
15
41

40
9
27

360
82
265

35
7
17

249
58
179

29
7
27

46
10
41

38.3
37.4
38.0

42.7
42.0
43 1

ft

See footnotes at end of table.




72

T a b le 18. S ta te s : C iv ilia n s a t w o rk b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d h o u rs o f w o rk , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Numbers in thousands)
Average hours

Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

Black—Continued

Mississippi........................................
Missouri ............................................
Nevada .............................................

308
209
34

21
8
ft

41
28
3

30
18
4

216
156
27

25
12
1

139
112
23

22
14
1

30
18
1

36.3
37.1
37.3

42.6
42.0
40.3

New je rs ey .......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ..................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Pennsylvania.....................................

401
886
524
364
77
311

12
21
25
13
3
9

40
86
58
43
12
37

21
42
40
23
7
29

328
737
400
285
55
237

45
169
37
17
6
33

215
468
256
205
39
164

32
38
51
29
5
17

37
62
57
34
5
22

38.3
37.7
37.9
38.0
35.9
37.0

41.9
40.8
42.9
42.5
41.2
41.3

South Carolina..................................
Tennessee .......................................
Texas ................................................
Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin.........................................

359
277
755
480
64

20
11
40
24
3

47
35
87
56
10

29
25
60
43
6

263
207
569
356
45

35
24
52
37
3

182
135
372
229
32

30
23
64
46
6

16
25
80
44
5

36.1
37.2
37.7
37.6
35.7

41.3
42.0
42.9
42.7
41.6

Arizona..............................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut......................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Nevada .............................................

221
2,307
127
49
12
590
16
274
27
48
54
40

6
74
9
1

2
1

29
238
15
5
1
62
1
26
2
8
7
4

14
164
11
1
1
39
1
17
2
3
4
4

170
1,830
93
42
9
473
12
225
23
36
42
32

14
112
7
3
1
36
2
20
2
3
6
1

107
1,299
62
28
6
301
7
165
12
27
22
23

22
207
9
2
1
51
2
16
5
3
6
3

27
212
15
9
2
85
2
24
3
3
9
4

38.2
38.2
37.1
40.7
38.6
39.4
37.6
38.3
39.3
36.8
38.5
38.4

43.1
42.3
43.2
43.8
42.3
43.4
42.8
41.6
42.2
41.0
43.1
42.4

New Jersey......................................
New Mexico.....................................
New York .........................................
Ohio ..................................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Wyoming...........................................

233
202
678
34
55
1,494
32
8

6
12
15
2
2
71
2
ft

23
27
67
5
5
195
3
1

12
16
38
3
4
128
4
1

191
147
558
24
44
1,100
22
6

23
13
123
2
6
96
2
ft

121
88
344
17
26
668
14
4

21
17
29
3
6
141
3
ft

27
29
62
3
5
195
3
1

38.9
37.7
38.1
35.8
38.4
38.0
36.7
36.4

42.6
44.0
41.2
41.2
42.2
43.8
42.3
42.1

Hispanic origin

ft
17
1
6
1
ft

area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

1 Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week.
2 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that




73

T a b le 19. S ta te s: C iv ilia n s a t w o rk 1 t o 34 h o u rs b y se x, ra ce , re a s o n f o r w o rk in g le ss th a n 35 h o u rs , a n d u su a l s ta tu s , 1986
a n n u a l a v e ra g e s
(In thousands)

Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Usually work part time

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other1

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work2
hours

Other

TOTAL

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas...........................................
California...........................................
Colorado............................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................

129
18
97
82
844
123
88
20
27
338

40
4
19
19
175
24
6
3
3
82

3
1
6
4
30
6
3
1
1
17

13
3
14
2
114
9
13
1
7
27

12
<4)
5
12
41
4
4
1
1
15

25
3
19
15
170
23
23
4
6
70

18
3
16
14
139
28
23
5
4
44

18
4
18
15
174
28
17
5
7
82

249
36
235
157
1,908
264
283
48
34
765

70
13
58
48
405
71
29
11
8
154

136
18
159
86
1,246
176
233
30
21
466

32
4
10
17
190
7
12
3
3
102

11
1
8
6
67
9
10
3
2
42

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana...........................................
Maine................................................

187
45
35
282
150
84
72
114
130
39

38
4
10
52
35
15
13
21
32
9

10
1
2
9
7
2
2
5
3
1

10
21
3
37
8
3
3
5
22
9

14
1
2
16
13
9
6
16
10
3

40
5
5
54
31
18
14
20
21
6

32
5
7
51
23
19
15
16
15
5

45
7
7
64
34
18
20
31
26
6

386
78
86
873
463
284
197
273
300
100

82
19
25
183
106
68
32
76
105
21

237
47
53
592
279
180
151
145
147
72

49
9
3
63
62
17
8
29
36
2

19
3
4
35
16
18
6
23
11
4

Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts..................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota..........................................
Mississippi.........................................
Missouri............................................
Montana ...........................................
Nebraska...........................................
Nevada.............................................
New Hampshire................................

185
205
273
163
87
171
31
45
37
34

17
17
41
25
23
35
7
10
9
3

6
3
10
7
4
7
1
2
2
1

40
76
11
9
4
14
3
4
4
6

11
6
15
10
12
24
2
3
1
2

38
35
60
29
18
30
4
7
8
7

33
35
64
42
10
31
6
12
6
6

40
33
72
42
16
31
8
8
7
8

316
543
704
444
146
400
80
151
65
85

46
52
151
95
52
76
24
33
17
7

238
451
469
308
74
274
47
107
36
70

22
19
55
24
12
38
3
5
8
5

10
22
29
18
8
13
6
7
3
2

New Jersey.......................................
New Mexico ......................................
New York ..........................................
North Carolina ..................................
North Dakota ....................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma..........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania.....................................
Rhode Island ....................................

229
42
450
225
23
283
101
96
334
46

25
8
57
54
4
42
29
20
63
3

6
2
15
10
1
11
4
6
9
1

48
6
104
4
2
17
6
8
42
25

15
3
17
21
2
14
12
4
25
1

46
7
91
44
3
65
14
17
65
7

39
6
74
41
5
57
16
19
69
4

50
10
94
51
7
76
19
22
62
5

542
109
1,190
402
67
854
240
236
924
87

57
26
205
73
16
182
70
59
199
14

408
66
803
237
45
562
146
154
628
70

55
12
126
69
1
78
16
13
63
1

22
4
56
23
4
32
9
10
34

South Carolina..................................
South Dakota....................................
Tennessee ........................................
Texas ................................................
Utah ..................................................
Vermont............................................
Virginia..............................................
Washington.......................................
West Virginia.....................................
Wisconsin..........................................
Wyoming...........................................

105
22
164
545
44
18
222
151
52
140
19

28
4
35
130
7
3
25
29
11
22
5

4
1
9
26
2
<4)
7
5
2
6
1

2
2
8
34
3
2
32
17
6
4
2

7

21
3
30
110
9
4
47
25
9
24
3

16
5
27
84
11
4
45
39
5
51
3

28
5
34
110
10
4
44
34
11
23
4

213
67
289
1,046
163
50
363
379
110
459
41

47
16
89
294
27
7
73
80
48
95
14

121
46
149
597
126
40
247
233
47
328
22

38
1
28
101
3
1
28
33
11
22
3

7
3

69
10

24
3

2
1

5
1

12
1

9
2

7
2

77
12
88
53
644
83
78
14
13
280

25
6
24
20
177
30
14
4
70

37
5
58
25
377
45
55
9
8
162

9
1
3
4
59
2
5
1
1
30

136
32
27
297
147
98
61
109

32
8
9
76
38
25
13
38

85
20
14
183
86
61
42
48

12
4
1
23
14

6
1
2
15

3
3

10

11

13

2

21
51
2
1
21
3
8
9
1

2

22

54
7
2

14
33
5

14
3

Men

Alabama...........................................
Alaska...............................................
Arizona..............................................
Arkansas ...........................................
California...........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut.......................................
Delaware ...........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................
Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana...................................................

Io w a ..................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Kentucky...........................................

(3)

(3)

42
462
68
42
10
12
177

11
114
15

90
24
20
155
85
43
37
65

20
2
6
30
25
8
8
14

(3)

0

3

2
2
53

2
17
4
2
<4)
(4)

1
55
4
6
1
3

10

11

6

3

1

11
1
15

(4)
5

4
1
1
4

3

2
1
3

11
(4)
(3)

(3)

1
1
14

6
81
10
11
2
2
30

8
73
17
11
2
2
21

7
84
16
6
2

14
1
2
16
12
8

15
2
2
27
12
7

18
4
32
11

15
4
4
30
18

9

9

5

5

8

11

9

9

8
15

3
3

See footnotes at end of table.




(3)

(3)

8
38

74

3

3

38

3

5
1
4

4
32
6
5
1
1
18

9

3

T a b le 19. S ta te s : C iv ilia n s a t w o rk 1 to 34 h o u rs b y sex, race , re a so n fo r w o rk in g le ss th a n 35 h o u rs, a n d u su a l s ta tu s , 1986
a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(In thousands)
Usually work part time

Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Job
Slack
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other'

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
than 35
time
work2
hours

Other

Men—Continued

Louisiana...............................................
M a in e .....................................................

76
21

22
4

3
1

10
5

10
2

11
3

10
3

10
3

103
28

41
7

47
18

8
1

6
2

M aryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
M ichigan................................................
Minnesota.............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
N ebraska...............................................
New Hampshire...................................

92
103
149
88
49
98
17
24
18

9
10
22
15
15
21
4
5
2

4
2
6
5
2
5
1
1

18
38
6
5
2
8
2
2
4

9
5
12
9
11
20
1
3
2

17
17
30
12
7
14
2
3
3

18
18
38
23
5
17
3
6
3

17
13
35
19
7
13
4
4
3

98
151
222
149
52
134
25
45
22

16
19
54
36
22
31
8
11
1

73
119
138
96
22
85
14
29
19

4
5
16
7
3
10
1
1
1

4
9
14
10
5
7
3
3
1

New Jerse y..........................................
New M exico.........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................
O h io .......................................................
Oklahom a.............................................
O regon...................................................
Pennsylvania........................................
Rhode Island .......................................

116
(3)
225
116
(3)
145
54
46
171
22

3

22
ft
44
2
ft
8
3
3
20
12

12
14
20
ft
12
9
2
21
1

21
ft
37
18
(3)
30
5
7
28
3

19

ft
34
28
ft
25
20
13
33
2

ft
41
21
(3)
30
7
10
40
2

21
ft
44
22
ft
35
8
7
25
2

164
39
359
133
19
262
82
71
269
26

22
13
80
28
4
68
30
21
76
5

116
21
210
77
12
164
44
43
159
20

14
4
42
16
(4)
15
4
3
16
ft

11
2
28
12
2
14
4
3
18
1

South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Verm ont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ..........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

49
12
81
320
24
9
117
82
28
75
11

12
3
16
90
4
1
15
19
7
12
3

7
2
15
46
2
1
19
3
4
8
1

7
1
15
46
4
2
23
12
4
13
1

8
3
13
48
7
2
22
24
3
28
2

11
2
14
54
4
2
21
14
5
11
2

75
20
104
393
60
14
110
126
38
146
12

18
5
33
143
10
3
20
37
19
37
4

45
13
49
194
45
10
76
64
14
94
6

7
8
30
1
ft
5
11
3
6
ft

4
2
14
25
4
1
8
14
2
9
1

60
8

16
1

1

13
2
(3)
9
90
14
12
2
4
40

9
1

11
2

45
7
35
28
229
42
15
8
4
84

99
13
101
61
869
131
178
22
13
304

23
3
7
13
131
5
7
2
2
73

5
1
4
2
36
4
5
2
1
24

ft

17
ft

10
5
ft
6
2
3
5
ft
2
ft
4
17
2
ft
3
2
2
2
ft

1
1
4
18
1
1
14
8
3
2
1

ft

ft

Women

A lab a m a................................................
A laska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

(3)
39
382
55
46
10
15
161

G eorgia..................................................
H aw aii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
M a in e .....................................................

97
21
15
127
65
41
35
49
53
18

18
2
4
22
11
8
5
6
9
5

M aryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
M ichigan................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
N ebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

93
101
125
75
37
73
14
21

8

New Jersey ..........................................
New M exico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................

ft
8
61
9
3
1
1
29

2
ft
ft

8
1
ft

2
13
3
1
ft
ft
7
3
ft
1
4
3
1
1
1
1
ft

7
10
1
22
4
1
2
2
11
5

1

1

22
38
5
3
2
6
1
2
ft
2

113

7

3

26

ft
225
109
ft

ft
23
26

ft
5
5

ft

ft

ft
59
2
ft

(3)
16

3
1
4
2
1
2

1
59
5
7
1
4
16

8
19
10
8
14
2

4
ft

ft
ft
ft

ft
ft
4
3
1
1
ft
ft
1
ft
ft
ft
ft
1
1
1
5
ft
ft
1
ft
3
1
1
4
ft
ft
(3)
ft

8
90
12
10
3
4
45

24
3
3
27
18
10
9
11
10
3

14
3
3
19
11
10
7
7
5
2

29
3
3
34
16
9
12
16
17
3

250
45
59
576
316
185
137
164
197
72

49
11
16
107
68
44
19
39
64
14

151
27
39
409
193
120
109
96
100
54

37
5
2
40
48
14
6
19
28
2

13
2
2
21
8
8
3
11
5
2

21
18
30
17
11
16
2
4

15
17
27
19
5
14
3
5

22
20
36
23
9
18
4
4

218
392
483
295
94
266
55
106
42
62

30
33
97
59
30
45
16
21
10
6

164
332
331
212
51
189
34
78
25
51

18
14
39
17
9
27
2
4
5
4

6
13
15
8
3
5
3
3
1
2

378
70
831
269
47

35
14
125
46
11

292
45
593
161
33

40
8
84
53
1

11
3
28
11
2

(3)

ft

ft

ft

ft

4

3

5

3

25

20

29

ft
33
20

ft

3
1

(3)
53
26
ft

ft

ft

ft

ft

See footnotes at end of table.




6
66
11
12
2
2
23

172
24
147
104
1,264
182
205
34
21
485

75

50
29

T a b le 19. S ta te s : C iv ilia n s a t w o rk 1 to 34 h o u rs b y se x, race , re a s o n f o r w o rk in g le ss th a n 35 h o u rs , a n d u su a l s ta tu s , 1986
a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(In thousands)
Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Usually work part time

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other1

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work8
hours

Other

Women—Continued

Ohio .......................................................
Oklahom a..............................................
O regon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

138
47
50
163
25

17
9
8
30
1

South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Verm ont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

56
10
83
225

15
2
19
40

ft

ft

10
105
70
24
65
8

1
10
10
4
11
1

Alabama ................................................
A laska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

105
14
88
69
732
113
82
16
(3)
268

29
3
18
15
157
23
6
2

G eorgia..................................................
H aw aii....................................................
Id ah o ......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Io w a .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
M a in e .....................................................

5
2
3
4

9
4
4
22
13

2

1
1
3
16

(4)

(4)
5
8
(3)
(4)

ft
4
3
1
4

(4)

1
18
9
3
2
1

2
3
2
5
(4)
(4)
(4)
6
5
(3)
(4)
2
1
4
1
(4)

36
8
10
37
4

27
9
9
29
2

41
12
14
37
3

593
158
165
656
61

114
39
37
123
9

398
101
111
469
50

63
13
10
47
1

17
5
7
16
1

14
2
15
64
ft
2
24
13
5
12
2

7
2
14
36
ft
2
23
15
3
23
1

16
3
19
56

138
47
185
653
103
36
253
253
72
313
29

28
12
56
150
17
5
53
43
29
58
10

76
33
101
403
81
30
171
170
33
234
16

31
1
20
71
2
1
23
22
8
16
2

3
1
8
29
3
1
6
19
2
5
1

17
2
16
12
123
26
22
4

15
3
16
14
153
25
16
4

ft

ft

35
7
55
30
341
67
25
8
2
102

117
16
155
76
1,106
169
224
27
8
417

27
3
9
12
170
7
12
2
1
86

8
1
7
5
60
9
9
3
(4)
34

ft
2
24
21
6
12
2

White

(3)
61

3
1
6
3
27
6
2
(4)
(3)
14

10
2
12
2
92
9
12
1
(3)
20

8
4
10
37
3
3
1
(3)
11

22
2
16
12
143
21
20
3
ft
56

124
12
34
241
141
82
68
107
88
39

16
1
10
42
34
15
12
18
18
9

7
1
2
8
6
2
2
5
3
1

7
4
3
31
7
3
3
5
17
9

11
(4)
2
15
12
9
5
16
6
3

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
N ebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

132
192
240
155
52
154
29
43
34
34

12
16
34
22
13
32
6
9
8
3

4
3
9
6
2
7
1
1
2
1

24
71
10
9
3
11
3
4
4
6

New Jerse y...........................................
New M exico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahom a..............................................
O regon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

198
37
389
175
23
257
87
90
305
44

20
7
45
37
4
38
25
19
61
3

5
2
13
7
1
10
3
6
8
1

South Carolina.....................................
South D akota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Verm ont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

71
21
140
479
43
18
169
136
51
132
19

15
4
30
109
7
3
16
25
11
21
4

2
1
8
24
2
(4)
7
5
2
6
1

39

69

187
26
225
122
1,676
252
270
40
10
639

26
2
5
43
29
17
13
19
15
6

28
2
7
47
22
18
14
16
13
5

29
3
7
55
31
18
18
29
17
6

268
26
85
791
429
278
188
253
219
99

38
6
25
149
94
66
29
66
58
21

185
15
52
559
262
177
146
138
125
72

33
4
3
53
58
17
8
27
29
2

12
1
4
30
15
18
5
21
7
4

8
6
14
10
5
20
2
3
1
2

26
33
49
28
11
26
4
7
7
7

27
32
62
41
7
30
6
12
6
6

31
30
62
40
11
28
8
8
7
8

251
521
634
428
88
359
77
146
58
84

25
48
121
90
19
62
22
30
15
7

200
434
438
298
57
258
47
103
33
69

18
17
50
23
8
29
3
5
7
5

8
21
26
17
4
10
5
7
3
2

43
6
90
3
2
15
5
7
31
24

14
3
14
17
2
13
11
5
24
1

38
6
77
34
3
60
11
15
59
7

35
6
70
35
5
53
15
18
65
4

43
9
80
41
7
68
16
21
57
5

488
100
1,068
319
65
792
208
222
872
83

46
23
176
42
15
160
56
55
177
13

375
62
736
204
45
529
131
145
602
67

48
11
105
56
1
74
14
13
60
1

19
4
50
18
4
30
7
9
33
2

2
2
7
29
2
2
26
14
6
4
2

3
2
18
47
2
1
12
1
7
9
1

14
3
24
94
9
4
35
23
9
21
3

14
4
23
79
11
4
39
35
5
50
3

20
5
31
97
9
4
34
32
11
22
4

148
65
242
895
158
50
281
354
107
442
41

22
15
66
232
26
7
46
73
46
89
14

98
45
133
535
122
40
203
222
46
319
22

24
1
23
84
3
1
20
28
11
21
3

4
3
20
44
7
2
11
31
5
14
2

(4)

S ee footnotes at end of table.




76

T ab le 19. S ta te s: C iv ilia n s a t w o rk 1 t o 34 h o u rs b y se x, race , re a so n fo r w o rk in g le ss th a n 35 h o u rs, a n d usu a l s ta tu s , 1986
a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
(In thousands)
Usually work part time

Usually work full time

Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other1

(3)
P)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
P)

(3)
(3)
(3)

P)
P)
P)

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
than 35
time
work2
hours

Other

Black

Alabama...........................................
Arkansas ...........................................
California ..........................................
District of Columbia..........................
Florida...............................................
Georgia.............................................
Illinois................................................
Louisiana..........................................

(3)
(3)
P)

(3)
P)
P)

20
67

2
20

62
37

22
9

(3)

(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(4)

5
7

5

4
13

2

3

5

5
13

3
1

3
6

3
1

13
9

4
3

15
8

(3)

1

(3)

O

(3)

Maryland...........................................
Michigan...........................................
Mississippi........................................

50
29
34

5
6
10

New Jersey.......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ..................................
Ohio ..................................................
Pennsylvania....................................

27
51
46

4

1

4

9
15

2

11

2

3

1

3

South Carolina..................................
Texas ................................................
Virginia..............................................

(3)

P)
34
56
P)

(3)
P)

12
17
(3)

14

2

11

6

1

1

1

9
8

1

7

10
7

3

2

4

4

7
12
9

4

6

3

11

2
1

1

(3)

(3)

P)

(3)

(4)
(3)

(3)
P)

4
4

4
(3)

7
14
(3)

6
P)
P)

P)
P)

2
5
P)

9

7
12
P)

34
18
30
6
49

19
10
40
13
42

6
5
8
2
15

4

115
68
78

43
31
45

50
24
22

15
9
7

4

56
54
58

20
27

29
21
16

3

2
2

33

4

4

45
99
78
56
47

10
25
29
22
21

26
50
31
28
22

6
18

2
6

13

4

62
130
75

24
56
26

22

appendix B.
4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0 .05 percent.
NO TE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.

1 Includes industrial disputes.
2 Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work.
3 Data are not shown w hen the labor force base does not m eet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. S ee




P)

2

(3)
ft

(3)

(3)

62
33
83
23
113

\

77

49
38

5

3
1
2
7
7
4

3

2
1

14
16
8

2
9
3

4

T a b le 20. S ta te s: E m p lo y e d c iv ilia n s w ith a jo b b u t n o t a t w o rk b y re a so n , 1986 a n n u a l a ve ra g e s
(In thousands)

Reason not at work
State

Total
Vacation

Illness

Alabama...........................................................................................
Alaska...............................................................................................
Arizona .............................................................................................
Arkansas..........................................................................................
California..........................................................................................
Colorado...........................................................................................
Connecticut......................................................................................
Delaware..........................................................................................
District of Columbia.........................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................

92
17
75
53
623
82
103
16
15
276

47
10
46
29
343
53
63
10
7
154

21
2
14
11
139
13
25
3
4
58

Georgia.............................................................................................
Hawaii..............................................................................................
Idaho................................................................................................
Illinois...............................................................................................
Indiana..............................................................................................
Kansas.............................................................................................
Kentucky ..........................................................................................
Louisiana..........................................................................................
Maine................................................................................................

138
26
21
296
137
65
56
93
107
27

74
15
12
178
79
36
36
50
58
16

30
5
4
58
27
14
9
22
19
5

Maryland...........................................................................................
Massachusetts.................................................................................
Michigan...........................................................................................
Minnesota ........................................................................................
Mississippi........................................................................................
Missouri............................................................................................
Montana...........................................................................................
Nebraska..........................................................................................
New Hampshire...............................................................................

108
163
237
105
56
124
21
37
30

60
103
124
59
27
72
11
22
16

29
36
64
18
14
29
3
7
6

New Jersey......................................................................................
New Mexico.....................................................................................
New York .........................................................................................
North Carolina.................................................................................
North Dakota...................................................................................
Oklahoma.........................................................................................
Oregon..............................................................................................
Pennsylvania....................................................................................
Rhode Island...................................................................................

199
34
391
138
16
274
72
55
296
35

113
19
227
70
9
147
38
35
166
20

50
7
99
33
2
72
16
8
72
10

South Carolina.................................................................................
South Dakota...................................................................................
Tennessee .......................................................................................
Texas ...............................................................................................
U tah.................................................................................................
Vermont............................................................................................
Virginia..............................................................................................
Washington......................................................................................
West Virginia....................................................................................
Wisconsin.........................................................................................
Wyoming ..........................................................................................

72
13
122
349
31
14
132
112
42
109
14

38
8
61
194
19
10
72
69
22
64
9

18
2
33
77
5
3
34
20
11
22
2

' Includes industrial disputes.
2 Less than 5 00 persons.
NO TE: D ata for demographic groups are not shown w hen they do not m eet




Bad weather

3
ft

ft
3
19
1
1
ft
ft
2
3
ft
1
6
4
1
2
7
3
1

22
5
15
9
122
16
15
3
3
61
31
5
4
53
27
13
8
14
27
5

1
1
3
2
2
6
1
1

19
23
47
27
12
17
6
7
7

2
1
3
4
1
3
2
2
4

33
6
63
31
4
51
15
10
53

ft

5

ft

2
ft

6
10
ft
ft
4
1
3
2
ft

Other'

14
3
20
67
7
2
22
21
7
21
3

BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sam ple
in that area. S ee appendix B. Item s m ay not add to totals because of rounding.

78

T a b le 21. S ta te s: P e rce n t d is trib u tio n o f u n e m p lo y e d p e rs o n s b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d re a so n fo r
u n e m p lo y m e n t, 1986 a n n ua l a ve ra g e s
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent
Total

On layoff

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

TOTAL

Alabama................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas...............................................
California................................................
Colorado ................................................
Connecticut ...........................................
Delaware................................................
District of Columbia...............................
Florida....................................................

185
28
110
94
892
126
66
14
25
320

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.0
54.5
45.2
42.8
50.6
48.5
43.6
52.4
46.4
42.5

12.1
8.4
7.2
12.0
10.9
12.2
13.5
31.5
4.1
9.9

6.6
13.3
17.5
11.2
12.7
12.0
20.4
9.5
11.4
15.6

24.7
28.4
28.6
30.2
24.4
29.5
26.9
25.6
31.4
30.3

17.6
3.8
8.6
15.9
12.4
10.0
9.1
12.5
10.8
11.6

Georgia ..................................................
Hawaii ....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa.......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana................................................
Maine .....................................................

178
24
41
461
185
100
67
156
261
30

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.3
40.4
56.2
50.8
49.7
48.9
43.3
54.0
54.5
48.6

6.3
6.1
15.7
9.7
20.0
15.7
14.5
16.5
8.2
16.5

16.6
19.4
8.8
10.3
12.4
10.6
15.0
11.5
7.7
11.2

33.7
27.0
28.2
24.7
24.6
27.9
30.7
22.8
22.1
28.3

14.4
13.2
6.9
14.3
13.4
12.7
11.0
11.7
15.7
11.9

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi .............................................
Missouri..................................................
Montana................................................
Nebraska ...............................................
Nevada ...................................................
New Hampshire .....................................

105
117
385
118
136
154
33
40
32
16

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.3
47.2
42.5
51.5
47.4
46.3
46.4
46.1
54.0
38.8

12.8
15.8
16.9
20.9
10.6
11.7
9.2
12.3
6.4
16.0

17.3
15.6
10.2
9.7
9.8
15.1
9.7
17.6
15.3
18.6

26.6
26.1
29.7
27.7
25.7
27.6
35.7
27.7
22.3
31.5

13.8
11.1
17.6
11.1
17.2
11.1
8.1
8.5
8.4
11.1

New Jersey ...........................................
New Mexico ..........................................
New York...............................................
North Carolina.......................................
North Dakota.........................................
Ohio.......................................................
Oklahoma ..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island.........................................

196
62
526
170
21
426
131
114
386
21

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.8
53.8
49.2
39.7
50.6
53.2
51.6
56.6
58.3
44.9

17.2
5.9
13.4
8.5
17.3
18.1
8.0
21.1
28.1
27.6

11.7
10.2
12.3
15.2
8.4
11.6
13.3
15.1
9.5
21.1

24.1
24.1
25.1
32.0
31.8
22.6
27.6
21.9
21.9
21.3

12.4
11.8
13.4
13.1
9.2
12.7
7.5
6.4
10.3
12.7

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee .............................................
Texas ....................................................
Utah.......................................................
Vermont .................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington............................................
West Virginia .........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

100
16
185
726
45
14
145
179
88
169
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.4
37.2
46.3
50.0
48.5
50.7
37.1
49.5
57.8
49.2
50.1

9.1
12.9
15.4
7.6
17.1
23.8
11.8
11.6
22.0
21.2
12.4

11.7
17.3
16.1
12.5
13.1
13.0
15.2
13.7
9.8
9.3
9.0

23.1
35.8
23.4
27.1
30.7
27.1
34.0
26.8
21.3
29.0
32.8

18.8
9.7
14.2
10.4
7.7
9.1
13.7
10.0
11.1
12.5
8.1

Alabama ................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arkansas................................................
California................................................
Colorado ...............................................
District of Columbia...............................
Florida....................................................

94
17
48
504
73
13
168

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100 0

65.0
66.3
52.7
60.5
59.6
49.7
51.4

16.4
10.4
14.0
13.3
16.4
6.0
12.4

8.7
9.7
10.8
11.5
10.8
8.8
14.8

14.7
21.1
24.4
16.8
21.5
32.4
23.1

11.6
2.9
12.1
11.1
8.0
9.1
10.6

Georgia ..................................................
Hawaii ....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana ...................................................
Iowa.......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana................................................
Maine .....................................................

72
13
25
261
91
55
34
89
141
16

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.1
52.9
65.5
62.1
61.0
61.2
51.7
64.0
66.6
56.8

9.0
9.9
15.5
11.7
23.1
21.2
18.6
20.1
10.0
18.5

16.8
16.8
8.2
10.5
12.0
8.9
15.7
12.3
7.1
10.0

18.0
19.9
20.6
16.1
15.6
18.2
22.0
14.1
12.7
22.6

18.1
10.4
5.8
11.2
11.4
11.7
10.6
9.6
13.6
10.6

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................

47
64

100.0
100.0

55.5
55.5

16.9
15.3

14.9
14.7

18.8
19.3

10.9
10.5

Men

See footnotes at end of table.




79

T a b le 21. S ta te s : P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n o f u n e m p lo y e d p e rs o n s b y se x, age, race , H is p a n ic o rig in , a n d re a s o n f o r
u n e m p lo y m e n t, 1986 a n n ua l a ve ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent
Total

On layoff

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

Men—Continued

Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi .............................................
Missouri..................................................
Montana.................................................
Nebraska ...............................................

212
65
68
86
20
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

55.4
64.5
58.1
58.8
60.8
57.6

22.0
25.2
12.3
16.7
12.7
16.0

10.6
7.9
9.0
14.6
9.1
13.4

20.3
20.5
16.8
16.1
23.5
20.7

13.7
7.1
16.1
10.5
6.7
8.2

New Jersey ...........................................
New Mexico ...........................................
New York...............................................
North Carolina........................................
Ohio........................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania..........................................

101
38
312
81
257
76
62
230

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.7
65.4
56.2
49.8
65.6
61.9
67.4
69.8

17.6
7.8
14.5
9.2
22.4
9.9
26.5
34.0

12.4
10.5
12.2
17.5
10.2
12.7
12.6
7.4

17.2
16.0
19.8
19.7
13.6
19.4
14.5
14.0

10.7
8.2
11.8
12.9
10.6
6.0
5.5
8.8

South Carolina.......................................
South Dakota.........................................
Tennessee .............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah........................................................
Virginia ...................................................
Washington............................................
West Virginia..........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

43
9
89
419
23
71
95
57
99
13

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.3
44.5
56.0
61.3
61.3
48.8
63.0
72.7
61.3
65.5

9.7
17.3
16.9
9.7
23.4
15.1
14.5
30.1
25.6
15.9

10.7
19.1
16.2
10.8
12.2
15.8
10.3
10.1
9.3
8.6

18.5
28.1
14.5
19.3
20.8
22.3
16.6
8.3
18.8
19.1

11.4
8.2
13.3
8.6
5.8
13.1
10.2
8.9
10.6
6.8

Alabama.................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arkansas................................................
California................................................
Colorado................................................
District of Columbia...............................
Florida....................................................

91
10
46
388
53
13
152

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
35.0
32.4
37.7
33.1
43.0
32.5

7.7
5.1
9.9
7.9
6.5
2.2
7.0

4.5
19.1
11.6
14.2
13.6
14.1
16.4

35.0
40.5
36.2
34.2
40.5
30.4
38.2

23.9
5.4
19.8
13.9
12.8
12.5
12.8

Georgia..................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa........................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana................................................
Maine .....................................................

106
15
201
94
45
32
67
120
14

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.3
40.7
36.0
38.7
33.8
34.5
40.8
40.4
39.5

4.4
16.2
7.2
16.9
9.0
10.3
11.7
6.0
14.3

16.4
9.9
9.9
12.7
12.5
14.2
10.3
8.5
12.6

44.3
40.8
35.8
33.3
39.8
39.8
34.5
33.0
34.7

12.0
8.6
18.3
15.2
13.9
11.5
14.5
18.1
13.3

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.......................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi .............................................
Missouri..................................................
Montana.................................................

58
53
173
53
68
69
13

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

31.5
37.2
26.7
35.4
36.5
30.7
24.3

9.5
16.3
10.5
15.5
8.9
5.4
3.9

19.4
16.6
9.7
12.0
10.5
15.6
10.7

32.9
34.3
41.3
36.6
34.7
42.0
54.6

16.2
11.9
22.4
16.0
18.2
11.8
10.4

New Jersey ...........................................
New York...............................................
North Carolina........................................
Ohio........................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania..........................................

95
214
89
169
54
52
156

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.3
38.9
30.4
34.3
37.1
43.6
41.3

16.8
11.9
7.8
11.5
5.3
14.7
19.3

10.9
12.5
13.1
13.7
14.2
18.1
12.6

31.5
32.9
43.2
36.2
39.2
30.8
33.6

14.2
15.8
13.3
15.8
9.5
7.6
12.5

South Carolina.......................................
South Dakota.........................................
Tennessee .............................................
Texas .....................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington............................................
West Virginia..........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

57
8
96
307
74
83
30
70
9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
28.8
37.4
34.6
25.9
34.0
29.6
32.1
28.2

8.6
7.7
13.9
4.6
8.6
8.3
6.7
14.9
7.6

12.5
15.2
16.0
14.8
14.6
17.6
9.3
9.3
9.4

26.6
44.7
31.6
37.9
45.3
38.6
46.0
43.6
52.4

24.3
11.4
15.1
12.7
14.2
9.8
15.1
15.0
9.9

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




80

T a b le 21. S ta te s: P e rce n t d is trib u tio n o f u n e m p lo y e d p e rs o n s b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d re a so n fo r
u n e m p lo y m e n t, 1986 a n n ua l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
Reason for unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Job losers
Percent
Total

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

On layoff

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

California.....................................................
Florida.........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Massachusetts..........................................
Michigan .....................................................
Mississippi ..................................................

141
67
82
22
77
27

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.3
14.1
14.2
20.5
13.5
9.7

4.8
2.8
2.2
5.8
3.7
2.1

7.9
11.1
5.8
15.3
8.6
7.6

23.5
33.8
26.8
23.7
22.1
23.6

47.3
41.0
53.2
40.6
55.8
59.2

New Jersey ...............................................
New Y o rk ....................................................
North Carolina...........................................
O h io .............................................................
Pennsylvania.............................................
Texas ..........................................................

32
85
36
73
63
119

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.5
18.2
13.6
12.3
20.5
16.8

4.9
3.3
1.2
3.3
7.1
1.7

10.7
10.7
16.6
12.2
7.6
11.3

19.0
28.9
24.7
23.7
29.1
28.3

50.8
42.2
45.1
51.8
42.7
43.6

Alabam a......................................................
A lask a.........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas.....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
Connecticut................................................
Delaware.....................................................
Florida.........................................................

105
19
100
57
720
106
59
10
218

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.5
57.3
45.3
47.3
51.6
48.2
44.6
52.9
41.3

16.3
8.2
6.9
14.6
11.8
13.1
14.5
31.3
9.6

7.7
15.3
17.8
14.1
13.2
11.7
21.4
10.6
18.2

26.5
25.3
28.4
25.5
24.3
28.7
25.2
26.5
30.7

14.2
2.2
8.5
13.1
11.0
11.4
8.7
10.1
9.9

G eorgia.......................................................
Id a h o ...........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
In diana........................................................
Io w a .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

78
39
302
152
95
55
138
141
30

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.1
56.0
52.2
49.4
49.4
44.3
53.1
58.4
48.6

7.6
16.1
11.6
21.9
16.2
15.4
17.2
10.1
16.5

15.4
9.3
12.4
13.5
10.7
15.6
11.1
9.8
11.3

32.0
28.0
23.6
23.2
27.4
29.4
23.5
19.3
28.2

9.5
6.7
11.8
13.9
12.6
10.7
12.3
12.5
11.9

M aryland.....................................................
Massachusetts..........................................
Michigan .....................................................
M innesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
M ontana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire ........................................

61
108
271
107
55
120
28
36
28
15

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.1
48.2
45.5
53.6
49.0
47.4
49.4
45.3
54.1
38.3

13.4
16.3
20.2
22.7
14.5
13.0
10.4
12.8
6.2
16.4

20.7
15.2
12.3
10.2
15.5
15.8
9.7
17.6
16.2
18.1

27.6
25.5
27.0
25.7
27.5
26.8
32.0
28.2
22.9
32.3

11.5
11.1
15.3
10.6
8.1
10.0
8.9
8.9
6.8
11.3

New Jersey ...............................................
New Mexico ..............................................
New Y o rk ....................................................
North Carolina...........................................
North D akota.............................................
O h io .............................................................
O klahom a...................................................
Oregon ........................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................
Rhode Island..............................................

143
50
379
104
18
341
94
108
333
19

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.9
55.6
48.9
39.1
51.7
54.1
51.3
57.3
60.0
45.8

19.5
5.3
14.5
9.0
19.0
20.0
8.4
21.9
30.6
28.1

13.0
9.7
13.8
18.2
8.7
12.6
13.4
14.9
10.2
21.6

25.0
22.7
24.4
32.0
30.5
22.1
27.2
21.6
20.4
20.8

10.1
12.0
12.9
10.8
9.1
11.1
8.1
6.2
9.4
11.9

South Carolina...........................................
South D a ko ta.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
U ta h .............................................................
V erm ont......................................................
Virginia........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
W yoming.....................................................

46
14
135
558
43
13
89
148
83
140
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.5
36.1
48.7
49.8
48.6
51.1
36.1
48.5
57.5
49.1
49.6

11.9
15.1
19.4
8.2
17.3
23.8
11.1
12.3
22.7
22.7
12.8

13.1
18.7
18.3
13.3
13.6
12.9
19.5
13.9
10.2
10.5
9.1

28.8
35.1
20.9
26.3
29.6
26.7
30.4
27.4
21.7
28.6
33.2

11.6
10.1
12.1
10.5
8.2
9.3
14.0
10.2
10.6
11.8
8.1

80
36
103
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.5
35.7
48.3
45.4

6.6
8.2
6.2
4.2

5.2
6.9
9.9
11.3

22.1
36.9
25.5
31.4

22.2
20.5
16.3
11.9

White

Black

Alabama......................................................
Arkansas.....................................................
California.....................................................
District of Columbia..................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




81

T a b le 21. S ta te s: P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n o f u n e m p lo y e d p e rs o n s b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d re a s o n fo r
u n e m p lo y m e n t, 1986 a n n u a l a v e ra g e s — C o n tin u e d
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent

Job leavers
Total

On layoff

Reentrants

New entrants

Black—Continued

Florida.........................................................

97

100.0

46.0

10.7

10.4

29.6

14.0

G eorgia.......................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Louisiana.....................................................

100
151
118

100.0
100.0
100.0

29.6
48.8
50.0

5.3
6.1
6.0

17.1
5.7
5.2

34.9
26.9
25.4

18.4
18.5
19.3

M aryland.....................................................
Michigan .....................................................
Mississippi ..................................................

42
106
80

100.0
100.0
100.0

45.0
36.0
46.4

12.4
8.8
8.0

13.2
5.0
5.7

25.0
35.8
24.5

16.8
23.1
23.5

New Jersey ................................................
New Y o rk ....................................................
North Carolina............................................
O h io .............................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................

50
131
62
83
50

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.7
50.4
41.6
50.0
46.3

9.7
11.2
8.1
10.6
11.0

8.6
8.0
10.6
7.3
4.8

22.0
27.4
30.2
24.4
31.8

18.6
14.2
17.6
18.2
17.1

South C arolina...........................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................

54
50
149

100.0
100.0
100.0

46.6
40.2
50.9

6.7
4.4
5.2

10.1
10.1
10.1

18.5
30.1
29.9

24.7
19.5
9.2

California.....................................................
Florida.........................................................

281
47

100.0
100.0

62.1
52.3

14.5
13.8

8.2
10.0

18.9
25.7

10.8
11.9

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New Y o rk ....................................................
Texas ..........................................................

27
30
86
219

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

55.4
61.3
48.7
52.3

24.8
5.1
12.5
8.6

9.9
8.4
11.4
11.3

21.7
19.3
20.8
23.0

12.9
11.0
19.2
13.4

Hispanic origin

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




82

T a b le 22. S ta te s: P e rce n t d is trib u tio n o f u n e m p lo y e d p e rs o n s b y se x, age, race , H isp a n ic o rig in , a n d d u ra tio n o f
u n e m p lo y m e n t, 1986 a n n ua l a ve ra g e s
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Duration of unemployment

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

TOTAL

Alabama ..........................................................................................
A laska..............................................................................................
Arizona ............................................................................................
Arkansas .........................................................................................
California.........................................................................................
Colorado..........................................................................................
Connecticut.....................................................................................
D elaw are.........................................................................................
District of Colum bia.......................................................................
Florida..............................................................................................

185
28
110
94
892
126
66
14
25
320

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.7
41.6
49.0
43.7
45.2
40.6
46.9
46.1
40.9
53.2

31.9
29.9
30.6
32.2
32.2
34.3
29.6
32.6
31.9
29.3

27.4
28.5
20.5
24.1
22.6
25.1
23.5
21.3
27.1
17.5

15.9
14.2
8.9
11.0
11.0
11.5
13.6
8.3
12.5
7.7

G eorgia............................................................................................
H aw aii..............................................................................................
Idaho................................................................................................
Illinois...............................................................................................
Indiana.............................................................................................
Io w a .................................................................................................
Kansas .............................................................................................
Kentucky..........................................................................................
Louisiana.........................................................................................
M a in e ...............................................................................................

178
24
41
461
185
100
67
156
261
30

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.3
38.5
42.3
38.4
41.3
32.7
39.7
33.5
32.0
45.6

30.4
33.8
34.7
29.7
30.4
28.2
32.7
35.6
33.2
33.9

19.3
27.7
23.0
31.9
28.3
39.2
27.6
30.9
34.8
20.5

10.2
17.0
8.1
18.8
16.0
22.1
12.3
18.1
18.6
7.7

Maryland..........................................................................................
Massachusetts................................................................................
M ichigan..........................................................................................
Minnesota........................................................................................
Mississippi.......................................................................................
Missouri ...........................................................................................
M ontana..........................................................................................
N ebraska.........................................................................................
Nevada ............................................................................................
New Hampshire..............................................................................

105
117
385
118
136
154
33
40
32
16

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

45.9
49.8
40.1
45.4
43.6
42.8
37.7
37.6
48.3
54.2

30.7
29.3
28.9
29.1
30.2
31.5
29.6
32.8
32.6
27.5

23.4
20.9
30.9
25.5
26.2
25.6
32.6
29.6
19.0
18.2

11.7
9.9
19.2
12.6
13.9
13.9
16.3
15.8
7.7
4.9

New Jersey.....................................................................................
New M exico....................................................................................
New York ........................................................................................
North Carolina ................................................................................
North Dakota ..................................................................................
O h io .................................................................................................
O klahom a........................................................................................
O regon.............................................................................................
Pennsylvania...................................................................................
Rhode Island ..................................................................................

196
62
526
170
21
426
131
114
386
21

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.4
44.3
37.8
50.0
45.0
34.0
35.9
41.3
39.9
55.4

32.8
31.2
32.2
29.8
32.9
28.0
31.1
31.5
29.1
31.2

26.7
24.5
30.0
20.2
22.1
38.0
32.9
27.2
31.0
13.5

11.5
12.5
15.7
10.1
10.5
24.0
15.8
14.5
17.1
3.2

South Carolina................................................................................
South D akota..................................................................................
Tennessee ......................................................................................
Texas ...............................................................................................
U ta h .................................................................................................
Verm ont...........................................................................................
Virginia.............................................................................................
Washington.....................................................................................
West Virginia...................................................................................
Wisconsin .......................................................................................
Wyoming..........................................................................................

100
16
185
726
45
14
145
179
88
169
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

39.2
38.9
41.9
44.4
45.9
48.2
53.8
40.0
31.7
37.8
38.4

30.7
34.1
33.9
31.9
32.2
30.5
27.8
33.4
22.8
33.3
35.5

30.1
27.0
24.1
23.7
21.9
21.3
18.4
26.6
45.5
28.9
26.1

18.9
11.7
12.1
11.5
10.7
9.9
8.4
13.5
31.9
15.9
12.2

Alabama ..........................................................................................
A laska..............................................................................................
Arkansas .........................................................................................
California .........................................................................................
Colorado..........................................................................................
District of Columbia .......................................................................
Florida..............................................................................................

94
17
48
504
73
13
168

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.8
38.0
40.6
41.9
36.4
42.6
50.3

32.5
29.4
32.7
32.8
36.2
29.3
29.8

32.7
32.7
26.7
25.3
27.5
28.1
19.9

18.5
16.0
12.2
13.1
13.9
14.1
8.8

G eorgia............................................................................................
H aw aii..............................................................................................
Idaho ................................................................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Indiana.............................................................................................
Iowa .................................................................................................
Kansas .............................................................................................
Kentucky..........................................................................................
Louisiana.........................................................................................
M a in e ...............................................................................................

72
13
25
261
91
55
34
89
141
16

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.9
35.5
36.5
34.2
33.2
30.1
37.5
29.7
29.2
37.5

31.3
34.5
38.4
28.4
30.4
26.8
31.3
34.4
32.4
35.0

20.9
29.9
25.2
37.4
36.4
43.1
31.1
35.9
38.4
27.5

11.9
16.9
8.1
22.7
20.6
25.6
15.2
22.2
21.4
11.2

Maryland..........................................................................................
Massachusetts................................................................................
M ichigan..........................................................................................

47
64
212

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.9
45.3
36.1

29.4
30.0
29.7

21.7
24.7
34.2

9.8
12.6
22.5

Men

See footnotes at end of table.




83

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of
unemployment, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Duration of unemployment
Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

M e n — C o n tin u e d

Minnesota................................................................................
Mississippi...............................................................................
Missouri...................................................................................
Montana..................................................................................
Nebraska.................................................................................

65
68
86
20
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.9
37.1
38.6
35.4
33.3

29.0
33.2
32.2
29.7
34.0

33.1
29.7
29.1
34.9
32.7

16.5
16.5
16.4
18.0
20.1

New Jersey..............................................................................
New Mexico.............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
North Carolina .........................................................................
Ohio .........................................................................................
Oklahoma................................................................................
Oregon.....................................................................................
Pennsylvania............................................................................

101
38
312
81
257
76
62
230

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.9
40.8
33.3
48.4
29.3
28.6
41.9
34.8

31.8
31.5
32.7
29.5
28.2
34.7
27.4
29.9

30.3
27.7
34.0
22.1
42.5
36.7
30.7
35.3

13.9
14.5
17.5
12.0
28.0
16.9
17.4
20.5

South Carolina.........................................................................
South Dakota...........................................................................
Tennessee ..............................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................
U tah .........................................................................................
Virginia.....................................................................................
Washington..............................................................................
West Virginia............................................................................
Wisconsin................................................................................
Wyoming..................................................................................

43
9
89
419
23
71
95
57
99
13

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.9
31.9
37.3
40.6
38.4
54.4
34.8
29.1
36.5
30.7

26.6
35.7
34.8
32.1
34.1
25.0
35.1
19.9
31.2
39.5

35.5
32.4
27.9
27.3
27.4
20.6
30.1
51.0
32.3
29.8

22.4
13.4
16.5
13.7
12.8
11.6
17.1
37.6
18.7
12.6

Alabama..................................................................................
Alaska......................................................................................
Arkansas .................................................................................
California.................................................................................
Colorado..................................................................................
District of Columbia ................................................................
Florida......................................................................................

91
10
46
388
53
13
152

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.7
47.7
47.0
49.4
46.4
39.3
56.4

31.3
30.7
31.5
31.5
31.6
34.5
28.7

22.0
21.6
21.4
19.1
21.9
26.2
14.9

13.3
11.3
9.8
8.1
8.2
10.9
6.4

Georgia....................................................................................
Idaho........................................................................................
Illinois.......................................................................................
Indiana.....................................................................................
Iowa .........................................................................................
Kansas.....................................................................................
Kentucky..................................................................................
Louisiana.................................................................................
Maine.......................................................................................

106
15
201
94
45
32
67
120
14

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.9
51.9
43.8
49.0
35.8
42.0
38.5
35.3
54.7

29.9
28.6
31.4
30.4
29.9
34.2
37.3
34.2
32.7

18.2
19.5
24.8
20.6
34.4
23.8
24.2
30.6
12.6

9.0
8.1
13.7
11.6
17.7
9.2
12.7
15.3
3.7

Maryland..................................................................................
Massachusetts.........................................................................
Michigan..................................................................................
Minnesota................................................................................
Mississippi...............................................................................
Missouri ...................................................................................
Montana..................................................................................

58
53
173
53
68
69
13

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.4
55.2
45.1
54.6
50.1
48.1
41.3

31.7
28.5
28.0
29.2
27.2
30.7
29.6

24.9
16.3
26.9
16.3
22.7
21.3
29.1

13.1
6.6
15.1
7.8
11.2
10.7
13.7

New Jersey..............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
North Carolina.........................................................................
O h io.........................................................................................
Oklahoma................................................................................
Oregon.....................................................................................
Pennsylvania............................................................................

95
214
89
169
54
52
156

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.2
44.4
51.5
41.2
46.2
40.6
47.3

34.0
31.4
30.1
27.8
26.1
36.4
28.0

22.9
24.2
18.4
31.1
27.7
23.1
24.6

8.9
12.9
8.4
17.9
14.3
10.9
12.0

South Carolina.........................................................................
South Dakota...........................................................................
Tennessee ..............................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................
Virginia.....................................................................................
Washington..............................................................................
West Virginia............................................................................
Wisconsin................................................................................
Wyoming..................................................................................

57
8
96
307
74
83
30
70
9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.1
46.9
46.2
49.6
53.1
46.0
36.6
39.6
49.3

33.8
32.3
33.1
31.6
30.5
31.4
28.2
36.4
29.7

26.1
20.8
20.6
18.8
16.3
22.5
35.2
24.0
21.0

16.2
9.8
8.0
8.4
5.3
9.3
21.3
11.8
11.6

141
67
82
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.8
65.6
52.9
65.6

28.7
26.9
32.6
26.4

11.5
7.5
14.5
8.0

3.9
1.9
6.0
2.2

W om en

B o th se x e s , 16 to 19 y e a rs

California .................................................................................
Florida......................................................................................
Illinois.......................................................................................
Massachusetts.........................................................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




84

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of
unemployment, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Duration of unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

B o th s ex es, 16 to 19 y e a rs — C o n tin u e d

Michigan..................................................................................
Mississippi...............................................................................

77
27

100.0
100.0

55.1
56.0

29.3
27.2

15.6
16.7

6.6
9.2

New Jersey.............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
North Carolina ........................................................................
Ohio .........................................................................................
Pennsylvania...........................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................

32
B5
36
73
63
119

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

57.0
57.6
65.1
52.1
54.4
59.3

30.3
28.9
25.8
31.1
30.9
29.8

12.7
13.4
9.2
16.8
14.7
10.9

3.2
4.7
1.6
7.1
6.1
4.1

Alabama ..................................................................................
Alaska......................................................................................
Arizona ....................................................................................
Arkansas .................................................................................
California .................................................................................
Colorado..................................................................................
Connecticut.............................................................................
Delaware.................................................................................
Florida......................................................................................

105
19
100
57
720
106
59
10
218

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.4
39.8
51.1
43.8
47.0
40.7
48.8
47.9
54.2

33.2
30.1
29.0
32.4
31.6
32.5
29.3
35.3
27.5

24.3
30.1
19.9
23.8
21.4
26.8
21.9
16.8
18.3

11.8
14.5
8.7
12.0
10.7
13.1
13.0
5.6
7.9

Georgia....................................................................................
Idaho.......................................................................................
Illinois.......................................................................................
Indiana.....................................................................................
Iowa ........................................................................................
Kansas.....................................................................................
Kentucky..................................................................................
Louisiana.................................................................................
Maine......................................................................................

78
39
302
152
95
55
138
141
30

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

48.5
43.0
36.3
41.7
32.3
40.1
32.4
35.0
45.8

32.5
34.0
29.6
32.0
27.9
34.4
35.8
32.3
33.5

19.0
23.0
34.1
26.3
39.8
25.5
31.9
32.6
20.7

9.7
7.8
20.1
15.1
22.6
10.2
18.2
19.1
7.8

Maryland..................................................................................
Massachusetts........................................................................
Michigan..................................................................................
Minnesota................................................................................
Mississippi...............................................................................
Missouri ...................................................................................
Montana..................................................................................
Nebraska.................................................................................
Nevada ....................................................................................
New Hampshire.......................................................................

61
108
271
107
55
120
28
36
28
15

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

53.4
49.2
40.6
45.5
43.4
45.5
38.6
38.0
49.1
53.9

29.1
29.8
30.3
27.3
29.7
32.5
30.1
31.0
31.8
28.3

17.6
21.0
29.0
27.1
27.0
22.0
31.3
31.0
19.1
17.8

6.8
10.3
16.8
13.4
13.1
11.5
15.3
15.8
7.6
5.0

New Jersey.............................................................................
New Mexico............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
North Carolina........................................................................
North Dakota..........................................................................
Ohio ........................................................................................
Oklahoma................................................................................
Oregon .....................................................................................
Pennsylvania...........................................................................
Rhode Island ..........................................................................

143
50
379
104
18
341
94
108
333
19

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.3
42.0
40.3
51.0
43.6
35.6
35.6
41.4
40.5
54.7

32.2
32.7
32.5
31.6
33.2
28.5
31.5
31.4
29.5
31.2

26.5
25.3
27.2
17.4
23.2
35.9
32.9
27.1
30.0
14.1

11.6
12.2
14.0
7.9
11.0
21.1
15.9
13.9
16.1
3.5

South Carolina.........................................................................
South Dakota..........................................................................
Tennessee ..............................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................
U tah .........................................................................................
Vermont...................................................................................
Virginia.....................................................................................
Washington .............................................................................
West Virginia...........................................................................
Wisconsin................................................................................
Wyoming..................................................................................

46
14
135
558
43
13
89
148
83
140
22

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.0
37.9
43.9
46.4
46.3
48.1
55.7
40.6
32.8
39.8
37.9

29.8
36.0
33.3
32.1
32.2
30.7
26.3
32.8
22.2
34.2
35.9

28.2
26.1
22.8
21.5
21.5
21.2
18.0
26.6
45.0
26.1
26.2

16.7
11.3
10.5
9.9
10.5
10.0
9.1
12.5
31.4
13.5
12.2

Alabama..................................................................................
Arkansas .................................................................................
California.................................................................................
District of Columbia................................................................
Florida......................................................................................

80
36
103
22
97

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

38.4
44.5
34.3
41.3
50.2

30.1
31.5
38.0
31.6
34.0

31.5
24.0
27.7
27.1
15.8

21.4
9.8
11.6
13.1
7.1

Georgia....................................................................................
Illinois.......................................................................................
Louisiana.................................................................................

100
151
118

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.4
43.0
28.6

29.0
29.7
34.0

19.7
27.2
37.4

10.7
16.3
18.0

W h ite

Black

S ee footnotes at end of table.




85

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of
unemployment, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Duration of unemployment

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5-14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

B lack— C o n tin u e d

Maryland..................................................................................
Michigan..................................................................................
Mississippi...............................................................................

42
106
80

100.0
100.0
100.0

34.3
38.5
43.6

33.8
25.8
30.7

31.8
35.7
25.8

19.3
25.4
14.4

New Jersey..............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
North Carolina .........................................................................
O hio.........................................................................................
Pennsylvania...........................................................................

50
131
62
83
50

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.0
32.0
48.8
27.9
34.7

34.8
30.4
26.8
25.6
27.8

28.2
37.6
24.4
46.6
37.5

11.5
21.6
13.3
35.6
23.5

South Carolina.........................................................................
Tennessee ..............................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................

54
50
149

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.6

31,4
35.7
31.9

32.0
27.8
31.5

20.8
16.5
17.4

California.................................................................................
Florida......................................................................................

281
47

100.0
100.0

47.4
48.9

32.2
28.7

20.4
22.4

9.4
9.1

New Jersey.............................................................................
New Mexico............................................................................
New York ................................................................................
Texas .......................................................................................

27
30
86
219

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.5
40.7
38.2
50.2

27.6
33.0
31.3
29.8

29.9
26.2
30.5
20.1

13.9
14.2
18.3
10.0

H ispa nic origin

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­




„

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

86

Section III. Estimates for Metropolitan Areas and Cities




87

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

A n a h e im -S a n ta A n a P M SA

Total .............................................................
Men .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................

1,641
836
805
135

1,207
704
503
88

73.6
84.3
62.5
64.9

1,152
674
478
75

70.2
80.7
59.4
55.6

55
30
25
13

4.6
4.3
4.9
14.4

3.8
3.3
3.6
9.4

-

5.4
5.3
6.2
19.3

White............................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,503
768
735
123

1,113
649
465
83

74.1
84.5
63.2
67.9

1,062
621
440
72

70.6
80.9
59.9
59.1

52
27
25
11

4.7
4.2
5.3
13.1

3.8
3.2
3.9
8.2

-

5.5
5.3
6.7
18.0

Hispanic origin ............................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................

300
168
132

226
153
73

75.3
91.0
55.4

205
141
64

68.5
84.1
48.7

20
12
9

9.0
7.6
12.1

6.3
4.5
6.6

-

11.8
10.7
17.5

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

468
909
264

383
650
174

81.7
71.6
66.0

356
628
168

76.1
69.1
63.7

26
23
6

6.9
3.5
3.4

5.2
2.5
1.6

-

8.6
4.5
5.2

Total .............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................

1,920
920
1,000
154

1,376
750
626
85

71.7
81.5
62.6
55.3

1,318
726
592
72

68.7
78.9
59.3
47.1

57
24
34
13

4.2
3.1
5.4
14.9

3.4
2.2
4.1
9.5

-

4.9
4.0
6.7
20.3

White............................................................
M en.............................................................
Women.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,420
696
724
109

1,005
565
440
63

70.8
81.1
60.8
57.6

978
553
425
58

68.9
79.5
58.7
53.3

27
12
15
5

2.7
2.0
3.5
7.4

2.0
1.2
2.2
2.7

-

3.4
2.9
4.7
12.0

Black............................................................
M en.............................................................
Women.......................................................

480
213
267

356
176
180

74.1
82.4
67.4

326
164
162

67.9
77.0
60.6

30
12
18

8.4
6.6
10.2

6.1
3.7
6.7

-

10.6
9.4
13.7

Single (never married) ................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

506
1,049
365

377
768
232

74.4
73.2
63.6

346
748
224

68.3
71.3
61.5

31
19
8

8.1
2.5
3.3

6.1
1.7
1.6

-

10.1
3.3
5.0

To tal.............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................

1,751
818
933
142

1,129
616
513
67

64.5
75.3
55.0
47.3

1,064
583
481
56

60.8
71.3
51.5
39.6

65
32
32
11

5.7
5.3
6.2
16.1

4.9
4.2
5.0
11.0

White...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,280
624
656
85

843
484
359
48

65.9
77.5
54.7
56.3

808
466
342
42

63.1
74.6
52.2
49.8

35
19
17
5

4.2
3.8
4.7
11.5

3.4
2.8
3.4
6.1

-

5.0
4.9
6.0
16.9

Black...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................

440
182
258

264
121
144

60.1
66.4
55.6

236
107
129

53.7
59.1
49.9

28
13
15

10.7
11.1
10.4

8.3
7.4
7.1

-

13.1
14.7
13.6

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

486
938
327

337
623
169

69.3
66.3
51.8

302
602
161

62.1
64.1
49.1

35
21
9

10.4
3.3
5.1

8.5
2.5
3.2

-

12.3
4.2
7.1

To tal.............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................

1,053
498
555
79

697
392
305
42

66.2
78.7
55.0
53.9

669
378
291
39

63.5
75.8
52.5
49.8

29
15
14
3

4.1
3.7
4.6
7.5

3.4
2.9
3.5
3.9

-

4.8
4.6
5.6
11.1

White...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

972
460
513
72

637
358
279
40

65.6
77.9
54.5
55.0

612
345
267
37

62.9
75.0
52.1
51.2

26
13
12
3

4.0
3.7
4.4
6.9

3.3
2.8
3.3
3.4

-

4.7
4.6
5.5
10.5

Black...........................................................

54

42

78.0

39

73.4

2

5.8

2.4

-

9.3

A tla n ta M SA

B a ltim o re M SA

6.5
6.3
7.5
- 21.3

B e rg e n -P a s s a ic PM SA

S ee footnotes at end of table.




88

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

B a rg e n -P a s s a ic P M S A — C o n tin u e d

Hispanic origin ............................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................

92
42
51

67
37
30

73.0
89.1
59.6

62
34
28

67.6
81.4
56.2

5
3
2

7.4
8.7
5.8

4.3
4.3
1.7

-

10.4
13.0
9.8

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

277
607
170

205
417
76

74.0
68.7
44.8

195
404
70

70.4
66.6
41.4

10
13
6

4.9
3.1
7.6

3.5
2.3
4.9

-

6.2
3.8
10.3

Total .............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

2,231
1,029
1,202
187

1,509
787
722
111

67.6
76.4
60.1
59.2

1,456
758
698
102

65.3
73.7
58.1
54.7

52
28
24
9

3.4
3.6
3.3
7.7

3.1
3.1
2.7
5.7

-

3.8
4.2
3.8
9.8

White...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................

2,044
944
1,101
162

1,389
727
661
102

67.9
77.1
60.1
62.9

1,343
702
641
95

65.7
74.3
58.3
58.4

46
26
20
7

3.3
3.5
3.1
7.1

2.9
3.0
2.5
5.1

-

3.7
4.1
3.6
9.1

Black...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................

136
63
73

85
42
43

62.7
66.7
59.3

81
39
41

59.2
62.9
56.1

5
2
2

5.5
5.7
5.4

3.4
2.6
2.4

-

7.7
8.8
8.3

Hispanic origin............................................

53

30

57.4

28

52.7

2

8.1

3.8

-

12.3

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

774
1,108
349

577
753
179

74.5
67.9
51.2

551
734
172

71.1
66.2
49.4

27
19
7

4.6
2.5
3.6

3.9
2.1
2.5

-

5.3
3.0
4.8

Total .............................................................
Men .............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................

913
426
487
63

542
299
243
33

59.4
70.1
50.0
52.3

490
267
223
27

53.7
62.6
45.8
42.7

52
32
20
6

9.6
10.7
8.3
18.3

8.3
8.9
6.5
11.5

- 10.9
- 12.5
- 10.1
- 25.2

White...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................

827
388
439
58

499
277
221
31

60.3
71.6
50.4
54.6

458
252
206
27

55.4
65.0
46.8
46.8

41
25
16
5

8.3
9.1
7.2
14.4

7.0
7.4
5.4
8.0

9.5
- 10.9
9.0
- 20.7

Black...........................................................

81

40

49.6

29

36.4

11

26.7

18.5

-

35.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

235
527
152

164
313
64

70.0
59.5
42.4

139
296
55

59.3
56.2
36.2

25
18
9

15.3
5.7
14.5

12.4
4.3
10.0

-

18.2
7.0
19.0

Total .............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................

820
385
435
67

569
304
264
38

69.3
79.1
60.7
56.8

542
293
249
32

66.1
76.2
57.1
47.7

27
11
16
6

4.7
3.6
5.9
16.0

3.9
2.7
4.7
11.2

5.4
4.5
7.1
- 20.8

White...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

645
305
340
47

439
241
198
26

68.1
78.9
58.4
55.7

426
235
191
23

66.0
77.0
56.1
48.7

13
6
8
3

3.0
2.4
3.9
12.6

2.4
1.5
2.8
7.3

-

3.7
3.2
5.0
17.8

Black...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women.......................................................

166
75
90

120
59
61

72.7
78.6
67.7

107
54
53

64.7
71.6
59.0

13
5
8

10.9
8.9
12.9

8.4
5.6
9.0

-

13.5
12.2
16.7

Single (never married) ................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

197
463
160

138
334
96

70.2
72.2
60.0

125
327
90

63.7
70.5
56.3

13
8
6

9.3
2.4
6.1

7.2
1.7
4.1

-

11.3
3.0
8.2

4,725
2,239
2,486
391

3,139
1,758
1,381
214

66.4
78.5
55.6
54.8

2,866
1,604
1,263
168

60.7
71.6
50.8
42.8

273
154
119
47

8.7
8.8
8.6
21.8

8.1
8.0
7.8
18.8

-

9.2
9.5
9.4
24.8

B o s to n P M SA

B u ffa lo -N ia g a ra Falls C M S A

C h a rlo tte -G a s to n ia R o ck Hill M SA

C h ic a g o PM SA

To tal.............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




89

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Area and population group

C h ic a g o

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

PMSA—C o n tin u e d

W hite............................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,556
1,712
1,843
270

2,417
1,385
1,032
167

68.0
80.9
56.0
61.9

2,283
1,306
978
146

64.2
76.3
53.0
54.3

134
80
54
20

5.5
5.7
5.3
12.2

5.0
5.1
4.5
9.5

-

6.0
6.4
6.0
15.0

B lack............................................................
M en............................................................
W omen.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,008
443
565
109

605
307
299
42

60.0
69.2
52.8
38.9

473
236
237
17

46.9
53.2
42.0
15.8

132
71
61
25

21.8
23.1
20.5
59.3

19.8
20.1
17.7
47.9

-

23.9
26.0
23.4
70.6

Hispanic orig in ............................................
M en............................................................
W omen.......................................................

415
220
195

275
184
91

66.2
83.7
46.5

245
164
81

58.9
74.3
41.5

30
21
10

11.1
11.2
10.7

8.8
8.5
6.9

-

13.3
13.9
14.5

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

1,461
2,396
868

1,031
1,648
459

70.6
68.8
53.0

889
1,563
414

60.9
65.2
47.7

142
85
46

13.8
5.2
9.9

12.6
4.6
8.4

-

14.9
5.8
11.4

T o ta l.............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs........................

1,066
514
552
100

711
407
304
56

66.7
79.1
55.1
55.7

658
374
284
42

61.8
72.8
51.5
41.6

53
33
20
14

7.4
8.1
6.6
25.3

6.4
6.6
5.1
19.3

-

8.5
9.5
8.1
31.3

W hite............................................................
M en............................................................
W om en.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

928
453
474
83

620
364
256
46

66.9
80.3
54.0

55.5

582
340
242
37

62.7
74.9
51.1
44.1

38
25
14
10

6.2
6.8
5.4
20.6

5.1
5.4
3.9
14.4

-

7.2
8.1
6.8
26.8

B lack............................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................

133
58
75

87
41
46

65.5
70.4
61.8

73
33
40

54.7
56.3
53.4

14
8
6

16.6
20.0
13.6

11.9
12.6

7.7

-

21.3
27.4
19.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

267
621
178

189
433
89

70.6
69.7
50.3

164
412
83

61.2
66.3
46.6

25
21

7

13.2
4.9
7.3

10.6
3.8
4.4

-

15.8
6.0
10.2

Total .............................................................
Men .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs........................

1,445
694
751
123

911
512
399
71

63.0
73.7
53.2
57.4

838
464
373
57

58.0
66.9
49.7
46.6

73
47
26
13

8.0
9.3
6.5
18.8

7.1
7.9
5.2
14.1

-

9.0
10.6
7.7
23.5

W hite...........................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,166
570
597
94

748
431
317
60

64.1
75.7
53.1
63.5

706
401
305
51

60.5
70.5
51.0
54.5

42
30
12
8

5.6
7.0
3.8
14.2

4.8
5.7
2.7
9.6

-

6.5
8.2
5.0
18.8

B la ck...........................................................
M en.............................................................
Women .......................................................

256
112
143

146
70
76

57.1
62.6
52.7

116
54
62

45.5
47.9
43.6

30
17
13

20.3
23.6
17.2

16.4
17.6
12.2

-

24.2
29.5
22.2

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present ............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

384
815
246

269
531
111

70.1
65.1
45.2

228
508
101

59.4
62.4
41.2

41
22
10

15.3
4.2
8.8

13.0
3.3
6.0

-

17.5
5.1
11.5

T o ta l.............................................................
M e n .............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs........................

972
454
518
81

679
359
320
50

69.8
79.1
61.7
62.1

640
339
301
43

65.9
74.7
58.1
52.5

38
20
19
8

5.7
5.5
5.9
15.5

4.7
4.2
4.5
10.3

-

6.6
6.7
7.2
20.7

W hite...........................................................
M e n ............................................................
W omen.......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

840
389
452
64

592
313
279
41

70.5
80.6
61.8
63.4

563
298
265
36

67.0
76.8
58.6
56.5

29
15
14
4

4.9
4.7
5.1
10.9

4.0
3.5
3.8
5.8

-

5.8
5.9
6.5
15.9

B la ck............................................................
M en............................................................
Women .......................................................

123
61
62

81
43
38

66.0
70.4
61.6

72
38
34

58.4
62.5
54.5

9

11.4
11.3
11.5

7.4
5.8
5.7

-

15.4
16.8
17.4

C incinnati

C le v e la n d

PMSA

PMSA

C o lum bu s, O hio

MSA

S ee footnotes at end of table.




90

5

4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

Columbus, Ohio MSA—Continued
247
562
163

194
391
94

78.3
69.7
57.5

176
375
89

71.0
66.8
54.9

18
16
4

9.3
4.1
4.6

7.1
3.1
2.3

-

T o ta l......................................................
M e n ......................................................
W o m e n ................................................ ............
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ............ ............

2,660
1,332
1,328
198

2,014
1,137
877
116

75.7
85.3
66.1
58.8

1,880
1,066
814
95

70.7
80.0
61.3
47.8

134
71
63
22

6.7
6.2
7.2
18.7

6.0
5.4
6.1
14.3

-

W h ite....................................................
M e n ..................................................... ............
Women ...............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs........... ............

2,208
1,115
1,093
152

1,678
957
721
94

76.0
85.8
66.0
62.3

1,590
909
680
80

72.0
81.6
62.2
52.6

88
47
41
15

5.3
4.9
5.7
15.5

4.6
4.1
4.6
11.0

-

B lack....................................................
M e n .....................................................
W o m en .............................................. ...........

403
191
211

300
156
144

74.4
81.6
67.9

259
136
124

64.4
70.9
58.5

40
21
20

13.5
13.2
13.9

10.9
9.6
10.0

_ 16.2
- 16.8
- 17.7

Hispanic origin...................................
M e n ..................................................... ...........
W om en.............................................. ............

308
180
127

242
163
79

78.6
90.2
62.1

222
151
72

72.3
83.6
56.3

20
12
7

8.1
7.4
9.4

5.8
4.7
5.1

-

Single (never married) ......................
Married, spouse present ................. ...........
Other marital status2 ......................... ............

687
1,503
470

563
1,119
332

82.0
74.4
70.6

503
1,069
308

73.2
71.1
65.5

60
50
24

10.7
4.5
7.2

9.1
3.7
5.5

-

695
317
378

445
238
207

64.0
75.0
54.7

417
223
194

60.0
70.2
51.4

28
15
13

6.2
6.4
6.1

5.1
4.8
4.3

-

W h ite....................................................
M e n ..................................................... ...........
Women .............................................. ...........

616
283
333

400
217
183

64.9
76.7
54.8

377
205
172

61.2
72.4
51.6

23
12
11

5.7
5.6
5.8

4.5
4.0
4.0

_
-

6.9
7.3
7.6

B la c k .................................................... ............

75

42

56.6

37

50.1

5

11.6

6.0

-

17.2
12.2
6.5
9.5

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ..................
Other marital status2 .........................

-

11.5
5.2
6.8

Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA

-

-

-

-

7.3
7.1
8.3
23.0
5.9
5.8
6.7
20.0

10.3
10.1
13.7
12.3
5.2
9.0

Dayton-Springfleld MSA
T o ta l......................................................
M e n ......................................................
Women ...............................................

Single (never married)......................
Married, spouse present .................. ............
Other marital status2 ......................... ...........

-

7.4
8.1
7.8

151
406
138

97
273
75

64.0
67.3
54.3

88
259
70

58.1
63.8
50.7

9
14
5

9.2
5.1
6.6

6.1
3.7
3.6

-

1,391
675
716
100

1,040
570
470
64

74.8
84.5
65.6
63.9

969
527
442
53

69.6
78.0
61.7
53.2

71
44
28
11

6.9
7.7
5.9
16.8

6.0
6.4
4.6
11.5

-

1,265
608
656
88

946
515
431
59

74.8
84.6
65.7
67.2

890
481
409
50

70.4
79.0
62.4
57.2

56
34
22
9

5.9
6.6
5.1
14.9

5.0
5.4
3.9
9.7

_
-

91
45

69
38

75.3
85.1

57
31

62.0
68.4

12
8

17.6
19.7

11.7
11.4

-

120
62

82
52

68.8
82.8

74
45

61.5
72.5

9
6

10.5
12.4

6.4
6.8

-

342
778

79.7
74.1
70.5

242
550
177

70.9
70.6
65.2

30
27
14

11.1
4.7
7.5

8.9
3.7
5.3

-

271

272
577
191

13.2
5.7
9.6

3,298
1,568
1,730
315

2,106
1,188
919
193

63.9
75.7
53.1
61.2

1,910
1,081
829
147

57.9
68.9
47.9
46.8

196
107
90
45

9.3
9.0
9.7
23.5

8.7
8.2
8.8
20.6

_

9.9

-

Denver-Boulder CMSA
T o ta l.....................................................
M e n ..................................................... ............
Women ..............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........... ............
W h ite ...................................................
M e n ....................................................
W om en .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........
B lack...................................................
M e n .................................................... ............

Hispanic origin ............................
M e n .................................................... ............
Single (never married) .....................
Married, spouse present ................ .............
Other marital status2 ........................ .............

-

-

-

-

7.8
9.0
7.1
22.1
6.8
7.9
6.3
20.2
23.4
27.9
14.7
18.1

Detroit PMSA

Total ...........................................
Men...........................................

............
Women ............................................... ............
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........... ............

See footnotes at end of table.




91

-

9.8
10.7
26.3
“

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Detroit PMSA
W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

2,612
1,262
1,350
230

1,725
994
731
156

66.1
78.7
54.2
67.7

1,611
928
683
129

61.7
73.5
50.6
56.2

114
66
48
27

6.6
6.6
66
17.0

6.0
5.9
5.7
14.2

-

7.2
7.4
7.4
19.9

B lack..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

626
273
353
80

345
172
173
35

55.1
62.7
49.1
43.5

264
132
132
16

42.2
48.3
37.5
20.3

80
40
41
18

23.3
23.1
23.6
53.2

20.9
19.6
20.1
42.4

-

25.8
26.6
27.1
64.0

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

942
1,765
591

683
1,135
289

72.5
64.3
48.8

574
1,080
256

60.9
61.2
43.3

109
55
33

16.0
4.8
11.3

14.7
4.2
9.5

-

17.3
5.4
13.1

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

950
440
510

533
294
238

56.1
66.8
46.7

505
278
227

53.2
63.3
44.4

28
16
12

5.2
5.4
4.9

4.2
4.0
3.5

-

6.2
6.7
6.4

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

849
391
457

461
258
204

54.3
65.8
44.5

441
247
195

52.0
63.0
42.6

20
11
9

4.3
4.2
4.4

3.3
2.9
2.9

-

5.3
5.5
5.9

B lack..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................

90
44

63
33

70.5
74.7

57
29

63.5
66.0

6
4

9.8
11.6

5.6
5.3

-

14.0
17.9

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

179
580
191

138
310
85

76.8
53.5
44.3

125
301
79

69.7
51.9
41.4

13
9
5

9.2
3.0
6.5

6.7
2.0
3.7

-

11.8
4.0
9.2

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

820
399
421
54

590
318
273
38

72.0
79.7
64.8
70.8

574
309
265
36

70.1
77.6
62.9
66.8

16
8
8
2

2.7
2.6
2.8
5.6

1.9
1.6
1.7
1.4

-

3.5
3.6
4.0
9.8

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

755
365
389

538
288
250

71.2
78.7
64.2

525
281
244

69.6
76.9
62.8

12
7
6

2.3
2.3
2.3

1.6
1.3
1.2

-

3.0
3.3
3.3

B la c k .................................................................

57

46

80.3

43

74.5

3

7.3

2.6

-

12.0

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

222
481
116

177
339
74

79.8
70.5
63.4

169
334
72

75.9
69.4
61.7

9
5
2

4.9
1.6
2.7

3.1
.8
.6

-

6.7
2.3
4.8

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

2,416
1,177
1,239
192

1,729
987
742
101

71.6
83.9
59.9
52.7

1,541
872
669
78

63.8
74.1
54.0
40.5

188
115
73
23

10.9
11.6
9.9
23.1

10.0
10.4
8.5
18.1

-

11.8
12.9
11.2
28.1

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,908
934
975
154

1,361
790
572
85

71.3
84.6
58.6
54.8

1,240
713
527
67

65.0
76.4
54.1
43.6

121
77
44
17

8.9
9.7
7.7
20.5

7.9
8.4
6.4
15.2

-

9.8
11.0
9.1
25.7

B lack..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

408
191
217

295
154
141

72.3
80.5
65.0

238
122
117

58.4
63.5
53.8

57
32
24

19.2
21.1
17.3

16.1
16.6
12.9

-

22.4
25.6
21.6

Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA

Hartford-New BritalnMiddletown CMSA

Houston PMSA

See footnotes at end of table.




92

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Unemployment

Employment
Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

Houston PMSA—Continued
Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

374
195
179

254
166
87

67.8
85.3
48.8

215
139
76

57.4
71.1
42.6

39
28
11

15.4
16.7
12.7

12.4
12.9
8.1

-

18.3
20.6
17.4

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

567
1,477
372

419
1,051
260

73.8
71.1
69.9

349
966
226

61.5
65.4
60.8

70
84
34

16.7
8.0
13.0

14.5
7.0
10.5

-

18.9
9.0
15.6

Total ...................................................................
Men ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

914
429
485
78

636
347
289
50

69.5
80.8
59.5
63.5

595
325
270
39

65.1
75.8
55.7
50.6

40
22
19
10

6.3
6.3
6.4
20.3

5.2
4.7
4.7
13.4

-

7.5
7.9
8.2
27.2

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

771
361
410
66

545
298
247
44

70.7
82.6
60.1
66.8

516
284
232
36

66.9
78.6
56.6
55.3

29
15
15
8

5.4
4.9
5.9
17.2

4.2
3.4
4.1
10.3

-

6.5
6.4
7.8
24.1

B lack.................................................................

130

80

61.0

68

52.4

11

14.0

8.8

-

19.3

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

197
520
197

150
369
117

76.2
70.9
59.3

131
353
111

66.8
68.0
56.1

19
15
6

12.4
4.2
5.5

9.1
2.9
2.9

-

15.7
5.4
8.1

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,129
556
573
88

822
458
364
56

72.8
82.4
63.5
63.6

784
436
348
49

69.4
78.4
60.7
55.7

38
22
16
7

4.6
4.8
4.4
12.4

3.8
3.7
3.2
7.5

-

5.5
6.0
5.6
17.4

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

943
465
478
72

681
381
300
46

72.2
81.8
62.9
63.6

657
366
291
41

69.6
78.6
61.0
57.6

24
15
9
4

3.5
4.0
3.0
9.3

2.7
2.8
1.9
4.4

-

4.4
5.1
4.1
14.2

B lack .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................

171
85
86

130
73
57

75.9
85.1
66.8

116
66
51

67.9
77.2
58.8

14
7
7

10.5
9.3
11.9

7.1
5.1
6.6

-

13.8
13.5
17.2

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

247
686
196

193
503
126

78.1
73.4
64.2

175
489
119

71.0
71.3
60.9

18
14
6

9.2
2.8
5.1

6.8
1.9
2.9

-

11.5
3.6
7.4

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

6,224
3,033
3,191
482

4,095
2,361
1,735
208

65.8
77.8
54.4
43.2

3,822
2,191
1,632
167

61.4
72.2
51.1
34.6

273
170
103
42

6.7
7.2
6.0
19.9

6.3
6.6
5.4
17.1

-

7.1
7.8
6.6
22.8

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

5,012
2,483
2,529
371

3,324
1,964
1,360
172

66.3
79.1
53.8
46.3

3,117
1,836
1,281
139

62.2
73.9
50.6
37.5

207
128
79
32

6.2
6.5
5.8
18.9

5.8
5.9
5.2
15.8

-

6.7
7.1
6.5
22.0

B lack .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

653
288
365

390
193
197

59.7
66.9
54.0

344
164
179

52.6
57.0
49.2

46
29
17

11.8
14.8
8.8

9.9
11.8
6.5

-

13.7
17.8
11.2

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs .........................

1,911
971
940
201

1,265
810
455
78

66.2
83.4
48.4
39.0

1,147
732
415
59

60.0
75.4
44.1
29.4

118
78
40
19

9.3
9.7
8.8
24.6

8.4
8.5
7.3
19.0

-

10.3
10.8
10.3
30.3

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

1,804
3,273
1,147

1,260
2,207
630

69.8
67.4
54.9

1,132
2,103
588

62.8
64.2
51.2

127
104
42

10.1
4.7
6.7

9.2
4.2
5.6

-

11.0
5.2
7.7

Indianapolis MSA

Kansas City MSA

Los AngelesLong Beach PMSA

See footnotes at end of table.




93

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages-—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

L o u isville M SA

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................

735
353
382

490
279
210

66.6
79.3
54.9

463
268
195

63.0
76.0
51.1

26
12
15

5.4
4.1
7.0

4.2
2.8
4.9

-

6.5
5.5
9.0

W h ite..................................................................

658
321
336

441
257
184

67.0
80.0
54.6

422
249
173

64.1
77.4
51.4

19
8
11

4.4
3.3
5.9

3.3
2.0
3.9

-

5.5
4.6
8.0

M en............................................................
W om en............................................................
B la c k ..................................................................

76

48

62.6

41

53.7

7

14.3

7.9

-

20.8

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

142
455
138

106
302
82

74.4
66.4
59.2

94
292
77

66.3
64.2
55.7

12
10
5

10.9
3.3
5.9

7.4
2.1
2.9

-

14.4
4.5
9.0

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

702
318
384

469
250
219

66.8
78.7
56.9

423
230
192

60.2
72.6
50.1

46
20
26

9.8
7.8
12.1

8.1
5.8
9.4

-

11.5
9.9
14.8

W hite.................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

429
199
230

296
161
134

69.0
81.2
58.4

281
155
126

65.6
77.9
54.9

15
7
8

4.9
4.0
6.0

3.4
2.1
3.5

-

6.5
6.0
8.5

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

257
111
146

162
83
80

63.2
74.7
54.4

131
70
61

51.0
63.1
41.8

31
13
18

19.3
15.5
23.1

15.1
10.2
16.6

-

23.5
20.9
29.7

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

190
361
151

133
260
77

69.8
71.9
50.8

107
249
67

56.2
69.0
44.4

26
11
10

19.4
4.1
12.5

15.3
2.6
7.9

-

23.6
5.6
17.1

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,417
667
750
102

914
510
403
45

64.5
76.6
53.8
44.7

851
481
370
35

60.1
72.1
49.4
34.3

63
30
33
11

6.9
5.8
8.2
23.3

6.0
4.7
6.8
17.0

-

7.7
6.9
9.6
29.6

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,128
545
584
65

737
421
317
33

65.3
77.2
54.2
51.2

692
398
294
28

61.3
73.1
50.3
43.0

45
22
23
5

6.1
5.3
7.2
16.1

5.2
4.2
5.7
9.6

-

7.1
6.5
8.7
22.6

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

275
116
159

169
86
83

61.4
74.0
52.2

152
79
73

55.1
67.8
45.8

17
7
10

10.3
8.5
12.2

7.7
5.1
8.2

-

12.9
11.8
16.3

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

661
337
324

450
272
178

68.0
80.5
55.1

416
254
163

63.0
75.3
50.2

33
18
16

7.4
6.5
8.9

6.1
4.8
6.6

-

8.8
8.1
11.3

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

338
753
326

218
520
176

64.4
69.0
54.1

194
494
163

57.3
65.6
50.1

24
26
13

11.0
4.9
7.5

8.9
3.9
5.4

-

13.2
5.9
9.5

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,045
507
538
75

696
392
304
47

66.6
77.4
56.4
62.5

644
364
280
36

61.6
71.9
52.0
47.9

52
28
24
11

7.4
7.1
7.8
23.4

6.2
5.5
6.0
16.0

-

8.7
8.7
9.7
30.8

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

926
452
474

612
348
264

66.1
77.0
55.7

581
332
249

62.8
73.5
52.5

31
16
15

5.1
4.6
5.6

4.0
3.2
3.9

-

6.1
6.0
7.4

B la c k ..................................................................

109

78

71.3

58

52.8

20

25.9

19.0

-

32.9

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

295
611
139

205
418
73

69.3
68.4
52.7

175
402
67

59.2
65.8
48.3

30
16
6

14.6
3.8
8.3

11.6
2.6
4.3

-

17.6
4.9
12.2

M em p h is M S A

M en............................................................

M iam i-H ia leah P M SA

M ilw a u k e e P M SA

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




94

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

4.5
3.8
5.4

-

5.3
4.7
6.6
15.2

M inn eapolis -S t. Paul M SA

To tal....................................
M e n ....................................
Women ..............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

1,717
834
883
131

1,282
698
584
94

74.7
83.7

1,605
779
826
119

71.3
80.5
62.5
63.8

58
27
32

71.8

1,223
671
552
84

10

11.1

3.8
2.9
4.2
7.0

1,206
657
549

75.2
84.4
66.5
72.2

1,159
635
524
78

72.2
81.5
63.5
65.6

47
23
25
8

3.9
3.4
4.5
9.2

3.2
2.5
3.4
5.2

-

4.6
4.3
5.6
13.1

497
958
262

407
729
146

81.9
76.0
55.9

377
710
137

75.9
74.0
52.4

30
19
9

7.3
2.6
6.4

5.7
1.9
3.8

-

9.0
3.4
9.0

2,023
977
1,046
177

1,345
766
579
83

66.5
78.4
55.3
47.1

1,298
741
557
75

64.2
75.9
53.2
42.1

47
25

3.5
3.3
3.7
10.5

3.0
2.6
2.9
7.1

-

4.0
3.9
4.6
14.0

1,864
901
963
160

1,242
712
530
78

66.7
79.1
55.0
48.8

1,199
689
511
70

64.4
76.5
53.0
43.8

43
24
19

8

3.4
3.3
3.6
10.3

2.9
2.6
2.8
6.8

-

4.0
4.0
4.5
13.8

56
64

79
39
40

65.7
69.6
62.4

76
38
38

63.2
67.6
59.3

3
1
2

3.9
2.9
4.9

1.5
-.1
1.1

-

6.3
5.8
8.7

84
37
47

65
33
31

76.9
89.6

62
32
30

73.4

3
1
2

4.6
4.0
5.2

1.7
.3
.9

-

7.4
7.7
9.6

551
1,234
238

388
829
127

70.5
67.2
53.4

360
817

65.4

28
12
6

7.2
1.5
5.0

5.8
1.0
3.0

-

8.5
1.9
7.0

974
451
523

596
337
259

61.1
74.7
49.5

530
303
227

54.4
67.2
43.4

66

11.1
10.1

9.4

- 12.7

12.3

9.8

- 14.9

White...
M en....
Women

644
309
335

399
237
162

61.9
76.5
48.5

365
217
148

56.7
70.1
44.2

34
20
14

8.5
8.3
8.9

6.8

- 10.3

Black...
M en....
Women

315
137
178

185
96
90

58.8
69.9
50.4

154
82
73

49.0
59.6
40.8

31
14
17

16.8
14.7
18.9

12.9
9.6
13.1

Single (never married) ...
Married, spouse present
Other marital status2 .....

272
509
193

168
317

61.9
62.4
56.8

138
296
95

50.7
58.3
49.3

30

18.1
6.6
13.2

14.4
4.8
9.1

- 21.8
- ■ 8.4
- 17.3

6,717
3,017
3,700
541

3,848
2,138
1,710
160

57.3
70.9
46.2
29.5

3,589
1,979
1,610

53.4
65.6
43.5
22.5

259
159

6.3

7.1

38

6.7
7.4
5.9
23.7

5.3
20.4

6.4
27.0

White...................................
M en....................................
Women..............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

4,815
2,191
2,623
338

2,758
1,576
1,181

2,614
1,492

68.1

54.3

110

57.3
71.9
45.0
32.5

5.2
5.4
5.0

87

42.8
25.9

144
85
59

4.8
4.8
4.4
16.4

5.6
5.9
5.7
24.0

Black....................................
M en....................................
Women...............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

1,521
637
884
172

857
424
433
45

56.3
66.5
49.0
26.1

755
360
395
30

49.6
56.4
44.7
17.5

11.9
15.1

10.7
13.2
7.3
24.7

13.1
17.0

White...................................
M en....................................
Women...............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Single (never married) ...
Married, spouse present
Other marital status2 .....

86

66.1

N a ssau -S u ffo lk PM SA

To tal....................................
M en....................................
Women ..............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
White...................................
M en....................................
Women...............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

121

Black ....
M en....
Women
Hispanic origin
M en..............
Women ........
Single (never married) ...
Married, spouse present
Other marital status2 .....

66.8

121

86.1
63.3

66.2
50.7

22
9

N e w O rle a n s M SA

Total ....
M e n ....
Women

110

34
32

21
14

8.0

- 12.1

6.0

- 10.6

6.0

-

11.7

20.6
19.8
24.8

N e w Y o rk PM SA

Total ....................................
M e n ....................................
Women ..............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le.




95

122

1,122

100

22
102
64
38
15

20.2
8.8

33.0

6.8

8.0

10.2

41.4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

New York PMSA— Continued
Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,349
579
771
151

713
416
297
36

52.8
71.9
38.6
24.0

633
371
262
23

46.9
64.0
34.0
15.5

80
45
35
13

11.3
10.9
11.8
35.3

10.0
9.3
9.8
26.3

-

12.6
12.6
13.8
44.4

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

2,281
3,040
1,396

1,354
1,889
605

59.4
62.1
43.3

1,217
1,806
566

53.4
59.4
40.6

137
83
38

10.1
4.4
6.4

9.3
3.9
5.4

-

11.0
4.9
7.4

T o ta l....................................................................
Men ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,470
700
770
138

982
545
438
69

66.8
77.8
56.9
50.4

930
517
413
60

63.3
73.9
53.6
43.6

52
27
25
9

5.3
5.0
5.7
13.5

4.7
4.2
4.7
9.9

-

6.0
5.9
6.7
17.1

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,165
564
601
101

783
441
342
56

67.2
78.2
57.0
55.5

751
424
326
50

64.4
75.3
54.3
49.6

32
17
16
6

4.1
3.8
4.6
10.6

3.5
2.9
3.6
6.9

-

4.8
4.6
5.7
14.2

B lack .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

285
126
159

183
94
89

64.2
74.9
55.8

164
84
80

57.3
66.4
50.2

20
11
9

10.7
11.3
10.1

8.5
8.2
7.0

-

13.0
14.5
13.2

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

99
47
53

63
37
26

64.0
80.4
49.4

59
35
24

59.4
76.0
44.8

4
2
2

7.1
5.5
9.4

4.0
2.0
3.9

-

10.1
9.0
14.8

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

447
801
222

309
563
111

69.2
70.2
49.8

282
544
104

63.1
68.0
46.7

27
18
7

8.9
3.2
6.2

7.4
2.6
4.1

-

10.3
3.9
8.2

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................

895
396
499

588
306
283

65.7
77.2
56.7

546
287
259

61.0
72.4
51.9

43
19
24

7.3
6.1
8.5

5.9
4.4
6.3

-

8.6
7.9
10.6

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

549
244
304

354
194
160

64.5
79.3
52.7

335
186
149

61.0
76.1
48.9

19
8
12

5.5
4.0
7.2

3.9
2.2
4.5

-

7.0
5.9
9.8

B lack.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en ............................................................

322
142
180

220
105
115

68.2
74.0
63.6

198
96
102

61.5
67.5
56.7

22
9
12

9.9
8.9
10.8

7.0
4.9
6.7

-

12.7
12.8
14.9

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

206
512
177

153
331
104

74.2
64.6
59.1

132
316
98

63.9
61.7
55.3

21
15
7

13.9
4.4
6.5

10.3
3.0
3.4

-

17.5
5.9
9.6

Total ....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,482
708
774
113

1,041
557
485
64

70.3
78.7
62.6
56.5

970
523
447
50

65.5
73.8
57.8
44.0

71
34
37
14

6.9
6.1
7.7
22.1

5.8
4.8
6.1
15.3

-

7.9
7.5
9.3
28.9

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

1,140
549
591

804
436
367

70.5
79.4
62.2

756
416
339

66.3
75.8
57.4

48
20
28

6.0
4.5
7.7

4.8
3.2
5.8

-

7.1
5.8
9.5

B la c k ..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

172
80
92

123
61
62

71.6
75.8
67.9

106
51
55

61.6
63.0
60.4

17
10
7

13.9
16.9
11.1

9.3
9.7
5.3

-

18.5
24.0
16.9

Hispanic origin.................................................

136

97

70.7

85

62.4

11

11.8

7.0

-

16.5

76.6
71.0
59.2

287
526
157

69.2
67.5
54.5

31
27
13

9.7
4.9
7.9

7.5
3.7
5.2

-

11.9
6.1
10.7

Newark PMSA

Norfolk-VIrginla BeachNewport News MSA

O akla n d PM SA

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

415
779
288

318
553
170

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




96

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

O k la h o m a City M SA

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................

716
333
383

511
266
245

71.4
79.8
64.0

479
247
232

66.9
74.2
60.6

32
19
13

6.2
7.0
5.4

5.1
5.4
3.9

-

7.4
8.7
6.9

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

631
293
338

454
237
217

71.9
80.9
64.1

431
223
208

68.3
76.1
61.5

23
14
9

5.0
5.9
4.1

4.0
4.3
2.7

-

6.1
7.6
5.5

B la c k .................................................................

64

40

62.7

32

50.8

8

19.0

11.7

-

26.2

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

147
437
132

109
319
83

73.9
73.1
62.7

99
305
75

66.9
69.9
56.9

10
14
8

9.4
4.4
9.1

6.5
3.2
5.8

-

12.3
5.6
12.5

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

3,708
1,714
1,994
278

2,306
1,270
1,036
146

62.2
74.1
52.0
52.6

2,197
1,211
987
129

59.3
70.6
49.5
46.3

109
59
50
18

4.7
4.7
4.8
12.0

4.3
4.0
4.1
9.2

-

5.2
5.3
5.5
14.7

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

2,978
1,393
1,585
217

1,910
1,070
840
128

64.1
76.8
53.0
58.9

1,837
1,033
804
115

61.7
74.2
50.7
53.1

73
37
36
13

3.8
3.4
4.3
9.9

3.4
2.9
3.6
7.1

-

4.3
4.0
5.1
12.6

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

681
298
383

367
185
182

53.9
62.0
47.5

334
164
170

48.9
54.9
44.3

34
21
13

9.2
11.4
6.9

7.5
8.7
4.8

-

10.9
14.1
9.0

Ph iladelphia PM SA

Hispanic origin.................................................

74

36

49.1

33

45.3

3

7.8

2.9

-

12.8

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

1,010
2,039
659

692
1,329
285

68.5
65.1
43.3

636
• 1,292
269

63.0
63.4
40.8

56
36
17

8.1
2.7
5.9

7.0
2.3
4.5

-

9.2
3.2
7.4

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,462
705
757
123

995
562
433
77

68.0
79.6
57.2
62.8

936
530
406
70

64.0
75.1
53.7
57.0

59
32
27
7

6.0
5.7
6.3
9.3

5.1
4.6
4.9
5.4

-

6.8
6.9
7.6
13.1

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,392
670
722
117

944
534
410
75

67.8
79.7
56.8
64.4

889
505
384
69

63.9
75.4
53.2
58.6

55
29
26
7

5.8
5.4
6.3
9.0

4.9
4.3
4.9
5.2

-

6.7
6.6
7.7
12.8

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

173
93
81

129
83
46

74.4
89.7
56.8

119
77
41

68.4
83.6
51.0

10
6
5

8.0
6.8
10.2

5.0
3.3
4.6

-

11.0
10.2
15.8

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

368
834
260

289
547
159

78.5
65.6
60.9

264
523
149

71.7
62.8
57.1

25
24
10

8.7
4.4
6.3

6.8
3.3
4.1

-

10.7
5.4
8.6

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,860
866
994
125

1,070
601
469
63

57.5
69.4
47.2
50.5

967
534
433
50

52.0
61.7
43.6
40.1

103
67
36
13

9.6
11.2
7.7
20.7

8.7
9.8
6.3
15.4

-

10.6
12.6
9.0
26.1

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,709
799
910
111

994
560
434
57

58.2
70.1
47.7
51.9

905
501
404
48

53.0
62.7
44.4
43.1

89
59
30
10

9.0
10.5
7.0
17.0

8.0
9.1
5.7
11.7

-

10.0
11.9
8.3
22.2

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................

139
62

69
38

49.5
60.7

55
29

39.5
47.4

14
8

20.2
21.9

14.4
13.7

-

26.1
30.1

P h oenix M SA

P ltta b u rg h -B e a v e r V a lley
CM SA

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




97

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Num bers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

PittsburglvBeaver Valley
CMSA—Continued
Single (never married).......................
Married, spouse present ...................
Other marital status2 ..........................

461
1,077
322

298
638
134

64.6
59.3
41.5

259
589
119

56.3
54.7
37.0

38
50
15

12.9
7.8
11.0

10.8
6.7
8.1

T o ta l........................................................
M e n ........................................................ ...........
Women ..................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ............... .........

887
427
460
78

622
328
294
43

70.1
76.9
63.8
54.8

582
306
276
36

65.6
71.8
59.9
46.8

40
22
18
6

6.4
6.7
6.1
14.6

5.3
5.2
4.5
8.7

W h ite ......................................................
M e n ....................................................... .........
W om en.................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.............. .........

830
401
429
72

578
308
270
41

69.7
76.7
63.1
56.5

542
287
254
35

65.3
71.6
59.4
48.0

36
20
16
6

6.3
6.7
5.9
15.0

5.2
5.1
4.3
9.0

Single (never m arried)........................
Married, spouse present ....................
Other marital status2 ........................... ..........

206
542
139

149
384
89

72.3
70.8
64.3

129
370
82

62.8
68.4
59.1

19
13
7

13.1
3.4
8.0

10.1
2.4
4.9

865
398
467
73

584
307
277
51

67.5
77.3
59.1
68.9

558
293
265
45

64.5
73.8
56.7
61.2

26
14
11
6

4.4
4.6
4.2
11.1

3.8
3.8
3.3
8.0

_
-

15.0
9.0
13.9

Portland, Ore. PMSA

-

_
-

-

7.5
8.2
7.6
20.5
7.4
8.2
7.5
21.1

_ 16.1
4.4
- 11.2

Provldence-Pawtucket*
Fall River CMSA
T o ta l........................................................
M e n ........................................................ .........
W o m e n .................................................. .........
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ............... ..........

_

5.0
5.5
5.0
14.1

W h ite......................................................
M e n ....................................................... .........
W om en................................................. .........
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .............. .........

837
386
451
70

565
298
266
50

67.5
77.3
59.1
70.8

541
285
256
44

64.6
73.7
56.8
63.1

24
14
10
5

4.2
4.5
3.9
10.8

3.6
3.7
3.1
7.7

Single (never m arried)........................
Married, spouse present ....................
Other marital status2 ........................... ..........

223
503
139

173
347
65

77.4
68.9
46.5

160
337
61

71.5
67.0
44.3

13
9
3

7.6
2.7
4.9

6.2
2.1
3.0

T o ta l........................................................
M e n .......................................................
Women ..................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ...............

1,430
679
751
103

931
524
407
57

65.1
77.1
54.2
54.6

877
494
383
49

61.3
72.8
51.0
47.1

54
30
24
8

5.8
5.6
6.0
13.8

4.8
4.3
4.4
7.7

_

W h ite.....................................................
M e n .......................................................
W om en................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs............

1,346
645
702
98

869
495
375
55

64.6
76.7
53.4
56.1

820
466
354
47

60.9
72.3
50.4
48.4

50
29
21
8

5.7
5.8
5.6
13.7

4.6
4.4
4.0
7.6

_
-

Hispanic origin....................................
M e n ......................................................
W om en................................................

278
140
138

184
119
65

66.3
85.1
47.3

171
109
61

61.5
78.4
44.5

13
9
4

7.2
7.9
5.9

4.5
4.4
1.7

-

Single (never m arried).......................
Married, spouse present ...................
Other marital status2 ..........................

288
883
259

207
577
147

71.7
65.3
56.9

186
555
135

64.7
62.9
52.3

20
22
12

9.8
3.7
8.1

7.1
2.7
5.1

-

T o ta l.......................................................
M e n .......................................................
Women .................................................

740
357
383

497
277
219

67.1
77.7
57.3

473
266
207

63.9
74.4
54.1

24
11
12

4.7
4.1
5.5

3.8
2.9
3.9

-

W h ite .....................................................
M e n ......................................................
W o m en ......................... ......................

680
331
349

461
259
202

67.8
78.5
57.8

442
251
191

65.0
75.9
54.6

19
8
11

4.2
3.2
5.5

3.3
2.1
3.8

_
-

5.2
4.4
7.1

B lack.....................................................

55

31

57.1

28

51.5

3

9.8

3.9

-

15.8

Single (never m arried).......................
Married, spouse p resent...................
Other marital status2 ..........................

199
399
142

141
283
72

70.9
70.9
51.0

128
276
70

64.2
69.1
49.2

13
8
3

9.5
2.7
3.5

7.0
1.7
1.3

-

12.1
3.6
5.8

-

-

4.8
5.4
4.7
13.9
9.0
3.3
6.8

Rlverside-San Bernardino
PMSA

-

-

-

-

“

6.8
7.0
7.5
19.9
6.8
7.2
7.2
19.9
9.9
11.5
10.0
12.6
4.8
11.1

R o c h e s te r M SA

-

"

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




-

98

5.7
5.4
7.1

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

S a c ra m e n to M SA

_

Total ...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

972
472
500

629
349
280

64.7
74.0
56.0

585
323
262

60.1
68.4
52.4

45
26
18

7.1
7.6
6.5

5.7
5.7
4.5

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

843
409
433

553
308
245

65.7
75.4
56.5

518
287
231

61.5
70.2
53.2

35
21
14

6.4
6.9
5.8

5.0
5.0
3.8

-

7.8
8.8
7.8

Hispanic origin.................................................

88

59

66.9

53

60.0

6

10.3

4.6

-

16.0

-

13.5
6.3
13.3

-

_

8.5
9.5
8.5

228
543
201

166
349
114

73.0
64.4
56.4

149
333
103

65.4
61.3
51.0

17
17
11

10.3
4.7
9.6

7.2
3.2
5.9

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,822
835
987
145

1,178
635
543
80

64.7
76.1
55.0
55.3

1,103
593
510
68

60.6
71.1
51.7
46.9

75
42
33
12

6.4
6.6
6.1
15.1

5.5
5.4
4.9
10.3

-

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,523
713
811
110

1,018
561
457
71

66.8
78.7
56.4
64.9

968
531
438
63

63.6
74.5
54.0
57.6

49
30
19
8

4.9
5.4
4.2
11.2

4.0
4.2
3.1
6.8

-

B lack.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

289
116
173

155
71
85

53.8
61.1
48.9

130
60
71

45.2
51.5
40.9

25
11
14

16.1
15.7
16.4

12.1
9.9
11.0

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

484
1,010
328

336
683
159

69.5
67.6
48.5

298
657
148

61.6
65.0
45.2

38
26
11

11.3
3.8
6.7

9.3
2.9
4.3

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

680
340
340
63

483
282
200
44

71.0
83.1
58.9
69.1

455
268
188
38

66.9
78.8
55.1
59.3

27
15
13
6

5.7
5.2
6.3
14.2

4.9
4.2
5.0
10.2

-

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs .........................

654
327
328
60

463
272
191
42

70.8
83.2
58.4
69.8

438
258
180
36

66.9
79.0
55.0
60.2

25
14
11
6

5.4
5.1
5.9
13.8

4.6
4.1
4.6
9.8

-

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................

39
24

28
20

71.8
83.2

24
17

60.9
71.7

4
3

15.1
13.9

9.5
7.5

-

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

151
433
95

119
301
63

78.8
69.4
65.5

108
291
56

71.6
67.1
58.7

11
10
6

9.2
3.3
10.4

7.2
2.5
7.4

-

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women .............................................................

861
414
447

549
312
236

63.7
75.3
52.9

509
291
218

59.1
70.3
48.7

40
21
19

7.2
6.7
7.9

5.9
5.0
5.8

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................

808
388
419

510
292
218

63.2
75.2
52.1

474
273
201

58.7
70.4
47.8

36
18
18

7.1
6.3
8.2

5.7
4.6
5.9

-

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

410
202
208

253
151
102

61.7
75.0
48.8

228
138
90

55.7
68.4
43.4

24
13
11

9.7
8.8
11.1

7.3
5.8
7.0

_ 12.1
- 11.8
- 15.1

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

204
500
157

133
327
89

65.0
65.4
56.6

117
309
83

57.5
61.8
52.7

15
18
6

11.6
5.5
6.9

8.3
4.0
3.6

_
-

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

-

S t.Louls M SA

_
-

-

7.2
7.8
7.4
19.9
5.7
6.5
5.4
15.7

_ 20.0
-

_
-

21.5
21.7
13.4
4.7
9.1

S a lt La k e C ity -O g d e n M SA

_
-

_
-

-

-

6.5
6.2
7.6
18.2
6.2
6.1
7.2
17.9
20.8
20.3
11.2
4.1
13.3

S an A n to n io M SA

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




99

_
-

_
-

8.6
8.4
10.1
8.5
8.1
10.4

15.0
7.1
10.2

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstltutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

S an D ie g o M SA

_

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,552
736
816
120

990
538
452
62

63.8
73.1
55.3
51.8

933
510
423
52

60.1
69.3
51.9
43.6

57
29
28
10

5.8
5.3
6.3
15.9

4.8
4.0
4.8
9.8

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,421
679
742
102

899
499
401
57

63.3
73.5
54.0
55.3

852
476
377
49

60.0
70.1
50.8
47.7

47
23
24
8

5.2
4.6
6.0
13.8

4.2
3.4
4.4
7.7

_
-

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

209
103
106

138
83
55

66.3
80.9
52.2

126
76
50

60.6
74.3
47.3

12
7
5

8.7
8.2
9.4

5.2
3.8
3.8

_ 12.1
- 12.5
- 15.1

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

394
854
305

294
518
178

74.7
60.7
58.4

269
499
165

68.4
58.5
54.0

25
19
13

8.5
3.6
7.5

6.3
2.5
4.9

_

1,300
661
639

900
506
394

69.2
76.5
61.6

855
478
378

65.8
72.2
59.1

45
29
16

5.0
5.7
4.1

4.0
4.3
2.7

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women ............................................................

973
501
471

679
390
289

69.8
77.8
61.3

648
370
278

66.6
73.8
59.0

31
20
11

4.6
5.2
3.7

3.5
3.7
2.2

-

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ...................................................................

144
78

101
64

70.3
82.1

93
57

64.9
73.1

8
7

7.7
10.9

3.9
5.3

-

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

376
666
257

283
467
150

75.3
70.1
58.2

259
453
143

68.8
68.0
55.5

24
14
7

8.6
2.9
4.6

6.4
1.9
2.3

-

Total ....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................

1,064
530
534

774
435
339

72.8
82.2
63.4

727
413
314

68.3
77.9
58.8

47
23
25

6.1
5.2
7.3

5.0
3.8
5.4

_
-

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
Women ............................................................

853
416
437

634
350
284

74.3
84.2
64.9

598
332
266

70.1
79.8
60.9

36
18
17

5.6
5.2
6.1

4.4
3.6
4.2

-

Hispanic origin .................................................
M e n ..................................................................

159
73

108
60

67.9

97
55

60.8
74.4

11
5

10.4
8.5

6.2

-

81.3

3.3

“

14.6
13.6

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

320
571
173

244
412
118

76.4
72.2
68.1

223
392
112

69.7
68.7
64.6

21
20
6

8.8
4.8
5.1

6.3
3.4
2.4

“

11.2
6.3
7.9

Total ...................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,342
661
681
94

951
535
416
63

70.9
81.0
61.1
66.8

887
498
389
50

66.1
75.3
57.2
53.2

64
37
27
13

6.7
7.0
6.4
20.3

5.7
5.5
4.9
13.8

-

7.8
8.4
8.0
26.8

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

1,191
590
602
78

845
478
368
54

70.9
81.0
61.1
69.5

797
450
347
45

66.9
76.3
57.7
58.2

48
28
20
9

5.7
5.8
5.6
16.2

4.7
4.4
4.0
9.7

-

6.8
7.2
7.1
22.7

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

318
775
249

255
545
152

80.1
70.3
60.9

222
525
140

69.8
67.7
56.4

33
20
11

12.9
3.7
7.4

10.2
2.6
4.6

-

-

-

-

6.8
6.6
7.8
22.0
6.2
5.9
7.6
19.8

10.6
4.7
10.1

S an Fra n c is c o P M SA

Total ....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

_
-

-

-

-

-

6.0
7.1
5.4
5.6
6.7
5.2
11.5
16.5
10.8
4.0
6.8

San J o s e P M SA

-

-

7.3
6.7
9.1
6.8
6.8
8.1

S e a ttle P M SA

See footnotes at end of table.




100

-

15.6
4.7
10.2

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—-Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Unemployment

Employment
Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Tampa-St PetersburgClearwater MSA
T o ta l .............................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,549
726
823
105

943
501
441
66

60.8
69.0
53.6
62.8

887
474
413
51

57.3
65.4
50.2
48.9

55
27
28
15

5.9
5.4
6.4
22.1

5.1
4.3
5.2
17.0

-

6.7
6.4
7.6
27.3

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en ......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,371
649
722
83

816
442
373
54

59.5
68.2
51.7
64.4

775
421
354
45

56.5
64.8
49.0
54.3

41
22
19
8

5.0
4.9
5.2
15.7

4.2
3.8
4.0
10.6

-

5.8
5.9
6.4
20.7

B lack.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en .......................................................

164
72
92

116
54
62

71.0
75.6
67.3

103
49
54

62.8
68.2
58.5

13
5
8

11.6
9.8
13.1

8.2
5.3
8.3

-

14.9
14.3
18.0

Hispanic origin.................................................

79

50

63.4

46

58.3

4

8.1

3.8

-

12.3

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse prese n t...............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

324
896
328

248
528
167

76.4
58.9
50.9

223
506
158

68.8
56.5
48.0

25
21
9

10.0
4.0
5.6

8.0
3.1
3.7

-

11.9
4.9
7.4

T o ta l .............................................................
M e n .............................................................
W o m en ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ........................

2,683
1,278
1,405
222

2,028
1,056
972
134

75.6
82.6
69.2
60.2

1,953
1,022
931
114

72.8
80.0
66.3
51.3

75
34
41
20

3.7
3.2
4.3
14.8

3.2
2.6
3.5
11.3

-

4.2
3.8
5.0
18.2

W h ite ...........................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,923
921
1,001
146

1,462
774
689
93

76.1
84.0
68.8
64.0

1,425
758
667
82

74.1
82.2
66.6
56.5

38
16
22
11

2.6
2.1
3.1
11.8

2.1
1.5
2.4
8.1

-

3.1
2.7
3.9
15.5

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ............................................................
W om en .......................................................

665
314
351

491
245
246

73.9
78.2
70.0

457
229
227

68.7
73.1
64.7

35
16
19

7.0
6.5
7.6

5.6
4.6
5.5

-

8.4
8.4
9.6

Hispanic origin ............................................

65

53

81.2

53

80.4

1

1.0

-.6

-

2.7

Single (never married) ................................
Married, spouse p resent ............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

854
1,382
447

674
1,049
305

79.0
75.9
68.1

632
1,028
294

74.0
74.3
65.6

42
22
11

6.3
2.0
3.6

5.2
1.6
2.4

-

7.3
2.5
4.8

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

587
261
326

322
161
161

54.8
61.7
49.2

292
144
147

49.7
55.3
45.2

30
17
13

9.3
10.3
8.2

7.4
7.5
5.7

-

-

11.2
13.1
10.8

W h ite ...........................................................
M e n ............................................................
W om en .......................................................

260
125
135

137
77
60

52.6
61.4
44.4

129
72
57

49.4
57.4
42.0

8
5
3

6.0
6.4
5.4

3.6
3.2
2.0

-

8.4
9.7
8.8

B lack ............................................................
M e n ............................................................
W om en .......................................................

324
135
189

183
83
100

56.5
62.0
52.7

162
72
90

49.8
53.3
47.4

22
12
10

11.8
14.0
10.0

8.8
9.1
6.2

-

14.9
18.9
13.8

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

224
199
164

130
115
77

58.2
57.5
46.8

113
109
70

50.4
54.5
42.8

17
6
7

13.4
5.2
8.5

9.9
2.8
4.8

-

16.8
7.6
12.3

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

2,269
1,032
1,237
192

1,376
748
628
87

60.6
72.5
50.7
45.4

1,196
646
550
56

52.7
62.6
44.4
29.1

180
102
78
31

13.1
13.7
12.4
36.0

12.1
12.3
11.0
30.6

-

14.1
15.0
13.8
41.3

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

1,325
617
708
89

826
468
358
48

62.4
75.9
50.5
54.4

762
431
332
39

57.5
69.8
46.8
44.2

64
38
26
9

7.8
8.1
7.3
18.7

6.7
6.7
5.8
12.7

-

8.8
9.4
8.8
24.7

-

-

Washington D.C. MSA
-

-

-

Baltimore central city

Chicago central city

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




101

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Chicago central city—Continued
B la c k .................................................................
Men .................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

854
372
481
95

484
246
238
36

56.7
66.1
49.4
37.3

372
184
188
14

43.6
49.5
39.0
14.5

112
62
50
22

23.2
25.0
21.2
61.2

20.8
21.6
18.0
48.7

-

25.5
28.5
24.4
73.6

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

321
165
157

197
132
65

61.2
80.2
41.2

170
113
57

52.8
68.8
36.0

27
19
8

13.7
14.2
12.5

10.8
10.6
7.7

-

16.5
17.8
17.4

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

813
951
505

522
612
242

64.2
64.4
47.9

424
564
208

52.1
59.3
41.2

98
48
33

18.8
7.9
13.9

16.9
6.7
11.5

-

20.6
9.1
16.3

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................

410
190
220

225
120
105

54.8
63.0
47.7

185
94
91

45.0
49.3
41.4

40
26
14

17.8
21.9
13.1

15.2
18.0
9.7

-

20.4
25.7
16.5

W h ite .................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

219
108
110

121
71
51

55.4
65.2
45.8

105
59
47

48.2
54.0
42.5

16
12
4

13.0
17.1
7.3

9.9
12.6
3.5

-

16.2
21.7
11.0

B lack..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

169
80
108

102
49
53

54.1
60.3
49.4

78
35
43

41.4
43.2
40.1

24
14
10

23.4
28.4
18.9

18.6
20.7
12.7

-

28.3
36.1
25.1

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

136
161
113

82
92
51

60.8
56.7
44.9

60
81
44

44.4
50.1
38.6

22
11
7

26.9
11.7
14.0

22.0
8.2
9.0

-

31.8
15.1
19.0

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................

764
378
386

573
315
258

75.0
83.2
67.0

525
290
235

68.8
76.7
61.0

48
25
23

8.4
7.9
9.0

7.0
6.0
6.8

-

9.8
9.7
11.1

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en ............................................................

525
273
252

395
230
165

75.2
84.2
65.5

372
217
155

70.9
79.6
61.4

23
13
10

5.8
5.5
6.2

4.3
3.6
3.9

-

7.2
7.3
8.5

B la c k ..................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en ............................................................

229
101
128

172
81
91

75.0
79.9
71.1

147
69
78

64.3
68.7
60.9

24
11
13

14.2
14.1
14.3

10.6
8.9
9.4

-

17.8
19.3
19.2

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................

117
70

88
62

75.3
88.0

80
57

68.3
80.8

8
5

9.4
8.2

5.3
3.6

-

13.4
12.7

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

278
328
158

233
231
110

83.8
70.3
69.6

206
217
102

74.1
66.2
64.7

27
13
8

11.6
5.8
6.9

9.0
3.9
4.0

-

14.1
7.7
9.9

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

790
350
440
84

416
215
200
38

52.6
61.6
45.5
45.7

326
168
158
19

41.2
48.0
35.8
22.2

90
48
43
20

21.7
22.1
21.3
51.5

19.8
19.4
18.5
44.5

-

23.6
24.8
24.0
58.5

W h ite ..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

231
104
127

115
65
50

49.7
62.3
39.3

98
54
44

42.3
51.9
34.5

17
11
6

14.8
16.7
12.3

11.6
12.3
7.9

-

18.0
21.1
16.8

Black ..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

546
238
309
67

295
147
148
29

54.0
61.7
48.0
43.9

222
110
112
13

40.6
46.4
36.2
18.9

73
36
36
17

24.7
24.8
24.6
57.1

22.0
20.9
20.8
45.2

-

27.4
28.7
28.5
68.9

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

294
266
230

178
147
91

60.5
55.1
39.7

120
131
75

40.6
49.1
32.8

58
16
16

32.8
10.9
17.4

29.5
8.4
13.6

-

36.1
13.3
21.2

Cleveland central city

Dallas central city

Detroit central city

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




1 02

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian nonlnstltutlonal population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Unemployment

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

District of Columbia
T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

486
222
264
32

328
162
165
13

67.4
73.0
62.7
42.2

302
150
153
10

62.2
67.3
57.9
30.5

25
13
13
4

7.7
7.8
7.6
27.7

7.0
6.7
6.6
21.6

-

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

139
66
73

104
54
50

74.5
81.1
68.5

101
52
49

72.6
79.0
66.9

3
1
1

2.5
2.7
2.3

1.7
1.5
1.2

-

B la c k .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 yea rs.........................

334
150
184
27

216
105
111
12

64.5
69.7
60.3
43.6

193
94
100
8

57.8
62.3
54.1
30.0

22
11
11
4

10.4
10.6
10.2
31.1

9.3
9.0
8.6
23.0

-

-

-

8.5
8.9
8.7
33.7
3.3
3.8
3.4

_ 11.6
-

12.3
11.8
39.3

Hispanic origin.................................................

16

13

79.1

12

76.7

3.0

.4

-

5.7

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

206
154
126

153
102
73

74.0
66.3
58.0

135
98
69

65.8
63.7
54.6

17
4
4

11.2
3.9
5.8

9.9
2.9
4.4

-

12.5
4.9
7.2

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

1,317
631
686
90

946
528
419
48

71.9
83.6
61.0
53.2

833
459
374
36

63.3
72.8
54.5
39.8

113
68
45
12

12.0
13.0
10.7
25.2

10.7
11.2
8.9
17.8

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

941
457
484

675
387
288

71.8
84.8
59.5

611
345
266

64.9
75.4
55.0

64
43
22

9.5
11.0
7.5

8.1
9.1
5.6

B lack.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

316
143
173

226
114
112

71.4
79.5
64.7

182
90
92

57.4
62.9
52.8

44
24
21

19.6
20.8
18.4

16.0
15.6
13.4

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

252
131
121

171
115
55

67.9
88.3
45.9

147
98
48

58.3
75.2
40.1

24
17
7

14.1
14.8
12.5

10.6
10.5
6.7

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

354
736
227

274
512
161

77.4
69.5
70.8

230
464
140

64.9
63.0
61.6

44
48
21

16.2
9.4
13.1

13.5
7.8
9.9

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

546
258
288

387
208
179

70.9
80.6
62.3

361
194
167

66.1
75.0
58.1

26
14
12

6.8
6.9
6.8

5.3
4.7
4.5

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en ............................................................

406
192
214

300
161
139

73.8
84.0
64.7

284
154
130

70.0
80.3
60.8

15
7
8

5.1
4.4
5.9

3.5
2.4
3.5

-

6.7
6.4
8.4

B lack .................................................................

130

79

60.7

68

52.1

11

14.2

8.9

-

19.5

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

132
282
132

102
209
77

76.8
74.0
58.5

90
199
72

67.7
70.7
54.5

12
9
5

11.8
4.4
6.8

7.9
2.7
3.3

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

2,472
1,199
1,273
184

1,593
914
678
67

64.4
76.2
53.3
36.4

1,480
841
638
52

59.9
70.1
50.2
28.0

113
73
40
16

7.1
8.0
5.9
23.1

6.4
7.0
5.0
17.8

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

1,866
938
928
131

1,235
740
495
53

66.2
78.9
53.3
40.1

1,156
688
468
42

61.9
73.4
50.4
32.1

79
52
27
11

6.4
7.0
5.5
19.9

5.7
6.0
4.5
14.3

B lack .................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W o m en ............................................................

368
153
215

194
91
103

52.8
59.5
48.1

173
79
95

47.1
51.5
44.1

<*)

-

Houston central city

_ 13.2
-

-

14.7
12.5
32.6

__ 10.9
-

-

12.9
9.4

_ 23.2
-

26.0
23.4

_ 17.6
-

19.2
18.4

_ 18.9
-

-

10.9
16.3

Indianapolis central city
-

-

_
-

8.4
9.0
9.1

15.7
6.2
10.4

Los Angeles central city

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




103

21
12
9

10.8
13.5
8.3

8.2
9.3
5.2

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

7.8
8.9
6.9
28.4
7.1
8.0
6.6
25.6
13.3
17.6
11.4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Los Angeles central city—Continued
Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

747
390
357

498
325
173

66.7
83.4
48.4

449
291
158

60.1
74.5
44.3

49
35
14

9.9
10.6
8.4

8.3
8.7
6.0

Single (never m arried)....................................
Married, spouse prese n t...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

796
1,191
485

537
797
259

67.4
66.9
53.5

482
756
242

60.5
63.5
49.9

55
41
17

10.2
5.1
6.7

8.9
4.3
5.1

-

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

468
221
247

308
169
139

65.8
76.7
56.0

274
150
124

58.6
68.2
50.0

34
19
15

10.9
11.2
10.6

8.7
8.2
7.4

_ 13.1
- 14.1
- 13.8

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en ............................................................

361
171
190

231
129
102

64.0
75.6
53.6

218
122
96

60.4
71.4
50.5

13
7
6

5.6
5.5
5.7

3.7
3.1
2.9

_
-

_

-

_
-

11.4
12.6
10.8
11.6
5.9
8.4

Milwaukee central city

B lack..................................................................

102

74

72.5

54

52.8

20

27.1

19.9

Single (never m arried)....................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................

156
236

108
160

69.3
67.7

86
151

55.4
63.9

22
9

20.1
5.6

15.4
3.4

T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

5,779
2,574
3,205
468

3,208
1,787
1,421
123

55.5
69.4
44.3
26.2

2,972
1,639
1,332
91

51.4
63.7
41.6
19.3

236
147
88
32

7.4
8.2
6.2
26.3

6.9
7.6
5.6
22.4

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

3,980
1,790
2,191
272

2,185
1,257
928
76

54.9
70.2
42.3
27.9

2,061
1,183
878
58

51.8
66.1
40.1
21.5

123
74
49
17

5.6
5.9
5.3
22.9

5.1
5.2
4.6
18.1

B lack..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m en ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

1,437
605
832
166

804
401
403
42

55.9
66.2
48.5
25.6

704
337
367
28

49.0
55.7
44.1
17.1

100
63
36
14

12.4
15.8
9.0
33.3

11.1
13.8
7.5
24.7

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 ye a rs .........................

1,286
550
735
146

668
391
277
35

52.0
71.1
37.6
24.0

590
347
243
22

45.9
63.1
33.1
15.3

78
44
33
13

11.6
11.3
12.0
36.3

10.3
9.6
9.9
27.1

-

7.5
8.0
8.5

-

34.3

_ 24.7
-

7.9

New York central city

Single (never m arried)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

2,029
2,501
1,249

1,177
1,506
525

58.0
60.2
42.0

1,050
1,433
489

51.7
57.3
39.2

127
73
36

10.8
4.8
6.8

9.9
4.3
5.7

1,282
570
712
90

661
357
304
36

51.6
62.5
42.8
39.9

613
329
285
28

47.8
57.6
40.0
30.5

48
28
20
8

7.2
7.8
6.5
23.5

6.1
6.3
5.0
16.1

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

7.8
8.9
6.9
30.1
6.1
6.5
6.1
27.6
13.7
17.9
10.6
41.8
12.9
13.0
14.1
45.6
11.7
5.4
7.9

Philadelphia central city
T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 y e a rs ..........................

_
-

-

_

8.3
9.4
8.0
30.9

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en ............................................................

772
346
426

417
230
187

53.9
66.4
43.8

391
217
174

50.6
62.6
40.9

25
13
12

6.1
5.7
6.6

4.8
4.1
4.7

-

B lack..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W om en............................................................

487
213
274

234
122
112

48.1
57.2
41.0

213
108
105

43.7
50.5
38.3

22
14
7

9.2
11.7
6.6

7.0
8.3
3.9

_ 11.4
- 15.1
9.3
-

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse prese n t...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

403
567
311

235
314
112

58.2
55.3
36.1

206
303
104

51.0
53.4
33.5

29
11
8

12.4
3.4
7.2

10.1
2.3
4.6

See footnotes at end of table.




104

-

_

“

7.4
7.3
8.6

14.7
4.5
9.8

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areaa and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(N um bers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

Phoenix central city
-

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

666
329
359

491
272
219

71.3
82.6
60.9

460
256
204

66.9
77.9
56.8

30
16
15

6.2
5.8
6.7

4.9
4.1
4.7

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

638
304
334

455
251
204

71.3
82.6
61.0

427
238
189

67.0
78.3
56.7

27
13
14

6.0
5.2
7.0

4.7
3.5
4.9

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................

103
53

74
46

72.0
87.7

70
44

67.9
82.8

4
3

5.7
5.6

2.3
1.4

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

191
352
146

152
242
97

79.7
68.8
66.3

140
230
90

73.4
65.4
62.0

12
12
6

7.9
4.9
6.6

5.4
3.3
3.7

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

324
125
199

190
87
103

58.6
69.0
52.1

172
79
93

53.1
63.2
46.7

18
7
11

9.5
8.5
10.3

6.9
4.8
6.6

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

171
68
103

106
55
54

63.3
80.6
51.9

102
50
52

59.7
73.5
50.6

6
5
1

5.7
8.8
2.6

2.9
4.1
-.1

-

8.5
13.6
5.3

B lack .................................................................
W om en............................................................

149
94

80
50

53.5
53.2

68
40

45.7
43.2

12
9

14.6
18.8

9.2
11.1

-

20.0
26.4

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse prese n t...............................

114
122

77
78

67.3
63.5

66
73

57.9
59.5

11
5

14.0
6.4

9.1
2.9

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

600
285
315

361
206
156

60.2
72.2
49.4

335
192
143

55.8
67.4
45.4

26
14
13

7.3
6.7
8.1

5.6
4.5
5.4

W hite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

566
269
297

338
194
143

59.6
72.1
48.2

313
182
131

55.3
67.5
44.2

25
13
12

7.3
6.5
6.3

5.5
4.3
5.5

Hispanic origin.................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

345
167
179

204
121
83

59.1
72.5
46.6

185
111
74

53.5
66.5
41.4

19
10
9

9.4
8.3
11.1

6.8
5.0
6.6

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 ......................................

153
323
124

100
196
65

65.3
60.7
52.7

90
184
61

58.7
57.1
48.9

10
11
5

10.1
5.9
7.2

6.4
3.8
3.3

T o ta l...................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

712
350
362

455
252
203

63.9
72.0
56.0

428
235
193

60.1
67.2
53.2

27
17
10

5.9
6.6
5.1

4.5
4.5
3.0

W h ite.................................................................
M e n ..................................................................
W om en............................................................

628
308
320

398
222
175

63.4
72.3
54.7

378
210
168

60.1
68.3
52.3

20
13
8

5.1
5.6
4.4

3.6
3.5
2.3

-

6.6
7.7
6.5

-

13.0

-

_
-

_
-

7.5
7.4
8.7
7.3
6.8
9.1
9.0
9.8
10.4
6.5
9.6

St. Louis central city

_ 12.2
-

_
-

12.2
14.1

_ 18.9
-

9.8

San Antonio central city

_
-

_
-

-

8.9
8.8
10.8
9.0
8.6
11.1

_ 12.1
-

11.6
15.6

_ 13.7
-

7.9
11.1

San Diego central city

Hispanic origin.................................................

103

66

63.6

60

58.4

5

8.1

3.3

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse prese n t...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

227
324
161

166
193
96

73.0
59.6
59.6

152
167
89

66.8
57.6
55.4

14
6
7

8.5
3.2
7.0

5.6
1.5
3.5

S e e footnotes at end o f tab le.




105

_
-

_

7.4
8.7
7.2

_ 11.4
-

4.9
10.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

San Francisco central city
T o ta l....................................................................
M e n ....................................................................
W o m e n .............................................................

629
333
296

432
251
181

68.7
75.3
61.3

405
235
171

64.5
70.5
57.7

27
16
11

6.2
6.4
6.0

4.6
4.3
3.6

7.8
8.5
8.3

W h ite..................................................................
M e n ...................................................................
Women ............................................................

422
228
194

295
178
117

69.9
77.9
60.6

279
167
112

66.1
73.2
57.7

16
11
6

5.6
6.0
4.9

3.8
3.6
2.2

7.4
8.4
7.5

Hispanic origin.................................................

92

64

69.9

60

65.6

4

6.2

1.9

10.5

Single (never m arried)...................................
Married, spouse p resent...............................
Other marital status2 .......................................

235
263
132

171
181
80

73.0
69.0
60.5

156
174
75

66.6
66.3
57.0

15
7
5

8.9
3.9
5.7

6.0
2.0
2.2

11.8
5.8
9.2

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means
that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range
constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value
based on a complete census of the population would be contained within these er­
ror ranges.
2 "Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with
spouse absent.




3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed per­
centages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not
add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.

106

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1986 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Service
production,
Administra­
tive sup­
occupations craft, and
port, in­
repair
cluding
clerical

Machine
Transporta­
operators,
tion and
assemblers,
material
and inspec­
moving
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Metropolitan areas.*2
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore.............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A .....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ............
Charlotte-Gastoma-Rock H ill...........
Chicago P M S A ...................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ..................
Dayton-SpringfiekJ..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM S A ......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM SA ...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PM S A ...................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Kansas City.........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville.............................................
Memphis..............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
MinneapoMs-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffoik P M S A .......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s ...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia P M S A ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
R ochester............................................
Sacram ento.........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D ieg o ............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

1,202
1,368
1,118
695
1,504
536
565
3,095
704
900
672
2,003
440
1,036
2,068

175
190
129
109
215
43
59
382
87
102
82
296
43
163
199

132
152
152
99
264
59
56
402
99
129
89
224
56
154
259

531

80

67

ft

589
1,712
629
818
4,061
486
460
904
686
1,275
1,340
587
3,808
977

77
256
57
97
516
52
54
102
77
170
191

ft

ft
511
133

90
239
77
92
530
56
51
98
101
174
199
69
605
124

582
1,031
508
2,293
991
1,059
619

ft
146
74
285
137
103
88

53
159
63
330
106
143
88

ft
ft
ft

581
924
494
627
1,167
481
543
982
889
771
946
935
2,015

61
96
62
72
150
62
53
141
140
129
128
121
360

69
108
77
81
137
65
48
150
150
135
153
97
366

316
1,345
220
569
396
325
936
384
1,579
302
3,170
656
489
187
357
450

ft
123

ft
167

ft
89

ft

ft
ft
ft
ft
64
ft
ft
73
ft
ft
ft
62
ft
ft
65

57
ft
ft
125
ft
ft
ft
ft
50
38
ft
83
33

179
181
127
97
175
68
72
382
86
121
96
281
54
149
234

199
271
198
133
278
95
87
612
115
154
122
370
71
174
325

162
155
164
64
189
79
69
381
94
114
88
218
59
139
300

134
174
141
77
152
65
73
347
75
90
67
229
54
108
256

93

79

73

61

55
263
62
106
456
65
60
132
79
146
191
85
398
118

117
271
116
140
732
79
79
151
109
230
257
108
799
194

62
202
90
111
466
69
59
135
107
167
156
95
579
111

74
115
60
274
112
134
84

92
196
93
422
153
166
109

59
123
60
83
146
56
68
120
122
72
119
141
202

ft
134

74
ft
37
ft
17
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
95

83
74
59
47
77
50
76
218
57
69
39
113
48
ft
224

ft
ft
46
ft
41

ft

ft
22
106
ft
36

ft
31
165
ft
44

ft
82
ft
ft
81

ft
107
ft
ft
98

ft

ft

ft

74
199
91
98
500
62
49
112
77
131
162
68
333
104

45
62
50
59
379
44
ft
54
61
90
46
ft
224
65

ft
79
ft
ft
144

ft
65
ft
44
154

ft
ft
36

ft
ft
49

ft
ft
42

ft
58
42

ft
136
40

ft
121
45

95
123
69
288
146
172
78

102
114
55
266
146
124
59

ft
59
ft
138
43
57
37

ft
ft
ft
86
ft
48
ft

ft
ft
ft
103
48
58
ft

94
141
75
123
203
83
96
155
164
120
148
156
407

74
131
56
75
168
64
88
146
107
70
126
131
248

82
143
61
76
143
59
79
112
85
89
116
123
168

83
58
44
ft
66
29
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
42
ft

17
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
34
58

19
ft
ft
ft
55
22
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
41
55

62
275
37
98
73
66
154
69
273
53
686
132
80
ft
63
67

75
197
44
73
82
66
120
62
194
63
506
107
80
47
63
73

ft
149
ft
56
31
18
102
48
177
ft
277
67
70

ft
121

ft
52

ft
ft
65

ft
ft
ft

ft
93
ft
ft
ft
11
44

77
54
26
39

Cities:
Baltimore.............................................
C hicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
M ilwaukee............................................
New Y o rk .............................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San D ieg o ............................................

ft
47
124
ft
199
ft
406
61
70
ft
ft
66

59
37
62
137
50
214
ft
483
90
42
ft
ft
78

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
12
ft
ft
50
ft
66
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
78
35
22
134
ft
180
ft
313
61
53
ft
ft
ft

S ee footnotes at end of table.




107

ft
53
ft

ft
ft
ft
161
ft
201
45
ft
ft
ft
ft

13
51
ft

ft
52

ft
117
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

58
ft
104
43
ft
ft
ft
ft

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Administra­
Service
production,
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­
occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
repair
port, in­
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
tors
clerical

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Cities:
San Francisco....................................

426

61

80

1,152
1,318
1,064
669
1,456
490
542
2,866
658
838
640
1,880
417
969
1,910

173
188
124
108
210
42
58
370
86
99
81
286
42
158
193

129
149
151
97
259
55
56
390
97
126
88
218
54
151
251

505

79

65

574
1,541
595
784
3,822
463
423
851
644
1,223
1,298
530
3,589
930

77
244
55
94
500
50
52
99
76
166
188
P)
499
131

89
230
76
91
511
55
50
97
99
171
196
68
588
122

546
970
479
2,197
936
967
582

P)
144
72
281
133
101
86

558
877
473
585
1,103
455
509
933
855
727
887
887
1,953

292
1,196
185
525
326
302
833
361
1,480

72

68

192
260
192
126
271
91
85
574
111
147
117
351
68
166
304

89

P)
81
32

54
237
59
103
430
64
57
126
75
140
183
78
377
112

51
156
61
325
100
138
85

P)
P)
P)
72
P)
36
P)

66
110
58
263
106
126
80

59
93
60
70
146
60
51
136
136
126
122
119
355

67
107
77
77
135
65
48
147
145
133
149
95
359

16
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
93

ft
116

(3)
161
(3)
57
34
61
133
49
203

P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
12
P)
P)
49

(3)

P)

(3)
P)
P)
P)
62

174
175
119
94
169
64
70
357
81
115
92
264
51
139
221

P)

P)

P)

P)

155
143
150
61
182
70
66
343
81
102
83
199
55
123
268

128
172
136
75
146
59
69
318
71
81
61
215
51
99
240

73
70
55
43
74
44
70
191
50
61
36
98
45
P)
194

P)
P)
44
P)
37
P)
21
95

P)
71
46
23
36
P)
28
135

P)
33
P)
74
P)
P)
75

P)
38
P)
93
P)
P)
81

75

67

57

P)

P)

P)

114
249
113
136
701
77
74
141
104
219
251
98
758
188

59
177
80
103
430
62
47
126
99
158
150
82
536
104

71
165
86
94
470
59
45
106
72
127
157
57
307
99

43
52
47
55
341
42
P)
46
54
84
43
P)
199
57

P)
68

P)
52

P)
P)
131

P)
41
134

P)
P)
35
P)
P)
41

P)
P)
43
P)
52
38

P)
127
35

P)
102
40

88
180
88
407
144
156
103

87
115
64
272
137
157
70

100
105
51
255
136
107
55

P)
53
P)
128
41
47
32

P)
P)
P)
80
P)
42
P)

P)
P)
P)
91
44
44
P)

58
117
57
77
141
53
63
115
119
69
114
135
196

92
133
72
117
197
80
91
146
160
114
137
148
395

72
124
53
69
153
57
80
136
100
65
112
119
233

78
135
58
71
134
55
74
106
80
81
108
116
165

78
54
39
P)
58
26
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
39
P)

15
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
32
55

16
P)
P)
P)
48
21
P)
P)
P)
P)
P)
37
49

P)
119

59
250
36
92
63
62
141
67
261

68
168
36
64
65
59
105
55
176

P)
134

P)
101

P)
46

P)
70

P)
52
27
16
82
45
165

P)
P)
49

P)
P)
P)
11
42
P)
47

P)
P)
P)

EMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:2
Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A ......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A .............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill............
Chicago P M S A ....................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM S A .......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM S A ...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A .............................................
Houston P M S A ...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas C ity..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s ...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity ....................................
Philadelphia P M S A ............................
Phoenix................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
Rochester............................................
Sacram ento.........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A ......................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

P)
P)
69
P)
P)
P)
61
P)
P)
63
P)
P)
52
P)
P)
121
P)
P)
P)
P)
49
36

Cities:
Baltimore..............................................
C hicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Colum bia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles.........................................

P)
86
(3)
46
117
(3)
194

P)
72
30
20
121
P)
168

S e e footnotes at end of table.




108

P)
P)
P)
147

9
36
P)
52

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Administra­
Service
production,
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­
occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

EMPLOYED—Continued

Cities:
M ilwaukee............................................
New Y o rk .............................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio........................................
San D iego ...........................................
San Francisco....................................

274
2,972
613
460
172
335
428
405

ft
395
59
68

ft
469
89
38

ft
ft
63
59

ft
ft

50
50
54
26
48
46
23
229
46
62
32
123
24
67
157

2
2
4
1
5
1
1
12
1
3
1
9
1
5
6

3
3
1
2
5
3
1
12
2
3
1
5
1
3
9

26

2

2
1
9

76
77

ft
295
57
51
ft
ft
ft
ft

50
649
125
75
ft
61
63
71

57
467
100
74
42
58
68
62

6
6
8
3
6
5
2
25
5
5
4
17
2
10
14

8
11
7
6
7
4
2
38
4
7
5
19
3
8
21

6
12
14
3
7
10
3
38
13
11
5
19

ft

4

ft

ft
64
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
253
61
63
ft
49
ft
ft

ft
177
40
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
108
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
86
35
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

UNEMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:2
Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ..............
A tlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A .....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A .............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill............
Chicago P M S A ...................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM SA.......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM SA ...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PM SA ...................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Kansas C ity.........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PM S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans........................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia P M S A ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
R ochester............................................
Sacram ento.........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

15
171
34
34
238
23
37
53
42
52
42
57
219
47

ft

37
60
29
96
55
91
37

ft

22
47
21
42
64
25
35
49
34
44
58
48
62

11
2
3
16
1
2
3
2
4
3

ft

ft
ft
ft
ft
2
ft
ft
4
ft
ft
ft
1
ft
ft
2

5
ft
ft

12
2

1
18
1
1
1
3
3
3
1
17
3

3
2
4
4
1
1

2
3
2
5
6
5
3

ft
ft
ft

1
2
1
4
3

(4)
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft

1
3
1
2
4
2
2
5
4
3
6
2
4

ft
ft
4
5
2
4
2
7

4
ft
ft
ft
ft
(4)
1
ft
2
1

2
ft
1
ft

2

S e e footnotes at end of table.




109

4
16
32

6
2
5
2
6
6
3
29
4
9
6
13
3
9
16

4

6

4

1
26
3
3
26
1
4
6
4
6
7
7
21
6

2
21
3
4
31
3
5
10
5
11
6
10
41
6

2
25
10
8
36
7
12
9
8
9
6
13
43
7

2
34
6
5
30
3
5
6
5
4
6
11
26
4

8
5
2
11
5
9
4

4
17
5
15
9
10
6

8
8
6
16
9
15
9

2
9
4
12
10
18
4

1
6
3
6
5
3
4
5
3
3
5
5
6

3
8
3
6
6
3
5
9
4
7
11
8
12

2
7
3
6
15
7
8
10
7
4
13
13
15

4
8
2
5
9
4
5
6
5
8
8
6
4

l

11
5
3
4
3
5
6
27
8
8
4
14
3
ft
30
ft
1
11
3
4
38
3
ft
8
7
6
3

ft
ft
ft
3
ft

ft

ft
ft

3

ft
ft
17

ft

ft

ft

ft
12

ft
ft

14
ft

13
ft
ft

2
20
ft
ft

2
ft
ft

ft

ft

14

6

10
2
10
5

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

6
ft

8

ft
ft
ft

7

ft

ft

6

3

3
30

3

ft

ft

ft
1
11

ft

5
5
5

6
8
3
3

2

ft
25
8

ft

ft

6
ft

1

6
4

9
5

ft
20
5
ft
ft
ft

6

12
4
14

7
ft

ft
1

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

2
ft
ft
ft
8
1
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

2
3

3
6

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Service
production,
Administra­
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­
occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

U N E M P LO Y E D — C o n tin u e d

C itie s :

Baltimore..............................................
C hicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Colum bia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
Milwaukee............................................
New Y o rk .............................................
Philadelphia.........................................
Phoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................
San Francisco....................................

24
150
35
43
70
23
103
23
99
28
198
42
29
16
22
22
21

(3)

(3)
6

(3)

6
l3)

3

2
3
2
4

ft
1
7
(3)
5
(3)
11
2
2

ft

ft
l3)

ft
ft

3
4
1

7
29
8
9
16
7
16
7
18
7
39
7
6
6
6
5
6

(3)
ft
ft
1.9
ft
ft
2.3

3.2
3.2
6.3
3.2
3.5
7.1
2.3
6.6
6.2
4.5
4.3
5.9
4.1
7.0
5.8

3.9
4.0
3.3
4.6
2.6
4.1
2.7
6.2
3.3
4.7
3.9
5.3
3.7
4.4
6.6

3.9
7.9
8.5
4.6
3.5
12.2
3.8
10.0
13.5
9.9
5.7
8.6
7.2
11.6
10.7

4.7
1.3
3.9
3.1
3.8
9.4
4.4
8.3
5.8
9.9
8.3
5.9
5.3
8.1
6.4

12.7
6.1
5.8
8.9
4.2
10.7
7.7
12.5
13.2
11.9
9.0
12.7
7.0
ft
13.2

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(4)
<3)
(3)

11
ft

ft
15
ft
6
6
3
13
ft
1

11

(3)
14
1
3

ft
2

18
4
2

(3)
l3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

ft
ft
ft
ft

3
25
2
7
10
4
13
2
12
3
36
7
5
ft

ft
16
ft
4
4
2
20
3
12
ft
24
6
6
ft
4
ft
ft

3
3

2
3

4.1
3.6
4.9
3.7
3.2
8.6
4.0
7.4
6.5
6.9
4.7
6.1
5.3
6.5
7.6

1.2
1.0
3.5
1.1
2.2
3.3
1.7
3.2
.8
3.1
1.0
3.2
1.9
3.4
3.2

2.3
1.7
.7
2.0
2.0
5.9
1.1
3.0
2.4
2.5
1.3
2.4
2.5
2.1
3.3

4.9

2.0

3.6

ft

4.6

5.2

8.7

6.1

2.5
10.0
5.4
4.2
5.9
4.7
8.0
5.9
6.1
4.1
3.1
9.7
5.8
4.9

.2
4.5
3.0
2.6
3.1
2.4
3.4
3.1
2.4
2.2
1.5
ft
2.3
1.3

1.6
3.7
.4
1.4
3.5
1.2
1.8
1.1
2.5
1.6
1.6
2.0
2.8
2.1

ft
8.6
ft
ft
3.2
ft
ft
ft
ft
.8
3.3
ft
2.2
2.4

2.4
9.8
4.3
3.0
5.7
2.3
5.9
4.4
4.8
4.1
3.7
8.1
5.3
5.2

2.0
7.8
2.7
2.9
4.2
3.4
6.5
6.8
4.7
4.6
2.5
9.3
5.1
3.3

3.9
12.2
11.0
7.2
7.8
9.7
20.4
6.5
7.7
5.2
3.8
14.1
7.5
6.0

3.0
17.3
6.3
4.9
5.9
5.0
9.7
5.4
5.9
3.4
3.5
16.1
7.7
4.3

6.3
5.9
5.7
4.2
56
8.6
6.0

(3)
1.8
2.6
1.6
2.8
1.4
1.7

4.0
1.9
3.6
1.5
5.2
3.4
2.9

ft
ft
ft
3.3

10.4
4.7
3.4
4.0
4.6
6.5
5.0

4.7
8.5
5.3
3.6
6.2
5.8
5.2

8.6
6.4
8.2
5.5
6.4
9.0
11.0

3.8
5.1
4.2
6.7
5.5
5.3
6.4

1.9
3.1
2.0
2.2
2.6
3.2
3.0

1.7
1.8
.8
4.5
1.8
.6
.4

1.9

2.2
4.9
4.8
7.6
3.6
5.7
6.0

3.1
5.7
3.4
4.9
3.2
3.7
5.3

3.3
5.3
5.7
7.6
8.8
11.0
8.7

ft
20

ft

ft
ft

ft
ft
ft

16

7

1
9

ft
ft
ft

ft
14

ft
24
5
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

4
ft

ft
23
ft
ft
ft
2
9
ft
6
ft

9
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

18
8
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

U N E M P LO Y M E N T
R A TE

M e tro p o lita n a re a s :2

Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A ......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A .............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill............
Chicago P M S A ....................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM S A .......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM SA ...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PM S A ...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas C ity..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans........................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A .....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia P M S A ............................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
Rochester............................................
Sacram ento.........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
2.9
(3)
(3)
5.3

ft
2.9
ft

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

S e e footnotes at end of table.




110

ft
ft
3.9
ft
7.6
ft
4.5
10.3
ft
9.1

ft
8.4
14.0
11.3
8.4
ft
9.2
18.0
ft
14.7

ft
9.3
ft
ft
7.3

ft
13.2
ft
ft
16.9

ft

ft

ft

2.5
17.2
5.5
7.5
9.9
6.4
ft
15.1
10.9
6.4
5.9

ft
14.5
ft
ft
8.9
ft
ft
5.1
ft
ft
3.4

ft
11.3
11.7

ft
6.9
12.1

ft
21.2
ft
5.4
13.0
ft
ft
12.5
ft
10.0
8.6
ft
16.3
11.4

2.0
7.9
8.1
4.4
6.8
14.1
7.0

ft
10.4
ft
7.4
3.5
18.0
12.8

ft
ft
ft
7.3
ft
13.8
ft

ft
ft
ft
12.0
8.1
23.9

4.9
5.8
4.0
6.3
6.4
6.4
6.6

6.0
8.2
10.9
ft
10.8
9.1

6.8

11.1

ft

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft

ft
ft
ft
13.8
6.7
ft

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1986 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
production,
Service
Administra­
tive sup­
occupations craft, and
repair
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Machine
Transporta­
operators,
tion and
assemblers,
material
and inspec­
moving
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

Metropolitan areas.*1
2
San D iego ...........................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

5.0
3.8
5.7
6.2
5.1
3.1

3.5
2.9
2.4
4.5
1.7
1.2

2.4
3.6
1.5
2.6
2.1
2.0

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
1.7

4.2
2.7
4.2
3.8
3.8
2.9

5.6
2.3
5.5
7.2
5.1
3.0

6.8
6.7
6.4
10.7
9.7
6.1

5.7
5.5
8.5
6.9
5.2
2.2

ft
ft
ft
l3)
7.0
ft

ft
ft
ft
ft
5.5
5.4

ft
ft
ft
ft
8.1
10.5

7.7
11.1
16.0
7.6
17.8
7.0
11.0
6.0
6.3
9.3
6.3
6.4
5.8
8.3
6.2
4.9
4.9

(3)
5.2

(3)
3.5
(3)
3.1
8.7
2.7
3.2
.5
5.1
(3)
3.0
1.5
8.2
(3)
(3)
2.5
3.5

(3)
O’)
(3)
(3)
(3)
3.9
(3)
(3)
1.6
(3)
2.6
(3)
(3)
(3)
ft
ft
(3)

(3)
11.4
l3)
7.1
15.9
11.3
9.4

4.7
9.2
4.8
6.6
13.8
5.4
8.6
3.2
4.5
4.9
5.3
4.9
5.9
ft
4.0
5.9
1.9

9.0
14.6
18.9
11.9
20.1
10.2
13.0
11.7
9.3
10.3
7.8
7.0
7.6
12.5
8.8
7.0
8.6

ft
10.5
ft
6.8
13.5
8.4
19.4
5.3
7.0
ft
8.6
8.2
9.1
ft
7.8
ft
ft

ft
16.2
ft
ft
24.8
ft
ft
ft
8.8
ft
12.1
11.2
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
12.5
ft
ft
ft
11.2
17.8
ft
7.9
ft
7.8
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
24.4
ft
ft
ft
21.1
19.6
ft
11.0
ft
17.7
18.1
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

Cities:
Baltimore.............................................
C hicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Los Angeles........................................
M ilwaukee...........................................
New Y o rk ............................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix ...............................................
St. Louis..............................................
San Antonio........................................
San Diego...........................................
San Francisco....................................

<3)
3.7
(3)
2.2
5.6
(3)
2.7
(3)
2.7
2.6
2.6
(3)
(3)
4.1
4.2

(3)
6.2
l3)
5.8
7.1
3.4
f3)
ft
l3)
(3)

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Defini­
tions”.
3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication




standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

Ill

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

16.6
19.7
18.0
18.9
18.6
18.6
15.7
20.0
16.9
17.5
18.3
18.7
16.4
17.1
15.9

13.5
10.9
14.1
9.1
12.5
14.2
12.2
12.0
12.3
12.2
13.0
10.6
13.1
12.7
14.1

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

TO TAL

M e tro p o lita n a re a s :1

Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ............
A tlan ta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill..........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ............................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas C ity........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. PMSA .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

1,152
1,318
1,064
669
1,456
490
542
2,866
658
838
640
1,880
417
969
1,910

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.0
14.3
11.7
16.2
14.4
8.6
10.7
12.9
13.1
11.8
12.6
15.2
10.1
16.3
10.1

11.2
11.3
14.2
14.5
17.8
11.3
10.3
13.6
14.7
15.1
13.7
11.6
13.1
15.6
13.1

3.1
2.6
3.5
3.0
4.3
3.1
2.3
2.4
3.5
3.2
3.5
3.2
4.0
3.6
3.3

15.1
13.3
11.2
14.0
11.6
13.0
12.9
12.4
12.3
13.7
14.4
14.1
12.3
14.3
11.5

11.1
13.0
12.7
11.2
10.0
12.0
12.8
11.1
10.8
9.7
9.5
11.4
12.2
10.3
12.5

6.3
5.3
5.2
6.4
5.1
9.0
13.0
6.7
7.6
7.3
5.6
5.2
10.7
3.3
10.2

2.9
3.3
4.1
3.0
2.6
4.4
3.9
3.3
3.7
3.9
4.0
4.0
3.3
3.1
3.9

3.7
5.3
4.3
3.4
2.4
4.7
5.2
4.7
4.1
4.5
4.0
4.9
3.7
3.0
4.3

505

100.0

15.6

12.8

3.1

17.6

14.9

13.2

11.3

3.3

2.4

3.8

574
1,541
595
784
3,822
463
423
851
644
1,223
1,298
530
3,589
930

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.4
15.8
9.3
12.0
13.1
10.9
12.3
11.7
11.7
13.6
14.5
8.6
13.9
14.1

15.4
14.9
12.8
11.6
13.4
12.0
11.8
11.4
15.4
14.0
15.1
12.8
16.4
13.1

3.5
3.4
3.0
3.2
3.2
2.6
3.4
2.8
2.8
4.0
2.8
3.5
2.3
3.4

9.4
15.4
10.0
13.1
11.3
13.8
13.4
14.8
11.7
11.4
14.1
14.8
10.5
12.0

19.9
16.2
18.9
17.3
18.3
16.6
17.5
16.5
16.1
17.9
19.3
18.4
21.1
20.2

10.3
11.5
13.5
13.1
11.2
13.4
11.1
14.8
15.4
12.9
11.6
15.4
14.9
11.2

12.4
10.7
14.4
11.9
12.3
12.7
10.6
12.5
11.3
10.4
12.1
10.8
8.6
10.6

7.6
3.3
7.9
7.0
8.9
9.0
7.4
5.4
8.4
6.8
3.3
3.8
5.5
6.1

3.1
4.4
4.3
3.9
3.4
4.7
4.2
4.1
2.8
3.6
3.1
6.4
3.5
3.8

3.4
3.3
4.5
5.3
3.5
2.9
6.1
5.0
3.8
4.2
3.0
4.9
2.8
4.3

546
970
479
2,197
936
967
582

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
14.8
15.1
12.8
14.2
10.5
14.8

9.4
16.1
12.7
14.8
10.7
14.3
14.6

2.4
3.9
3.5
3.3
3.8
3.8
2.6

12.1
11.3
12.2
12.0
11.4
13.0
13.7

16.2
18.5
18.3
18.5
15.4
16.1
17.7

16.0
11.8
13.3
12.4
14.6
16.2
12.0

18.4
10.9
10.6
11.6
14.6
11.1
9.5

5.5
5.4
5.0
5.8
4.4
4.8
5.6

4.7
3.2
3.3
3.6
3.8
4.3
3.4

5.3
3.0
3.9
4.1
4.7
4.5
4.6

558
877
473
585
1,103
455
509
933
855
727
887
887
1,953

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.7
12.8
12.0
13.2
13.2
10.0
14.5
15.9
17.4
13.8
13.5
18.2

12.1
12.2
16.2
13.2
12.2
14.3
9.4
15.7
16.9
18.4
16.8
10.7
18.4

2.9
2.5
4.4
2.7
3.6
3.7
3.2
3.4
3.5
6.8
3.6
2.8
4.8

10.3
13.4
12.0
13.2
12.8
11.5
12.5
12.3
13.9
9.5
12.9
15.3
10.0

16.4
15.1
15.2
20.1
17.8
17.5
17.8
15.7
18.7
15.6
15.4
16.7
20.2

12.9
14.2
11.2
11.9
13.9
12.6
15.7
14.6
11.6
9.0
12.7
13.4
11.9

14.0
15.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
14.5
11.3
9.4
11.2
12.2
13.1
8.4

14.0
6.1
8.3
2.9
5.3
5.7
4.4
3.6
3.8
5.4
4.2
4.3
1.3

2.8
3.7
3.3
6.1
3.3
3.4
5.2
2.4
2.9
2.7
3.6
3.6
2.8

3.0
3.9
2.7
3.4
4.3
4.5
5.1
3.1
2.7
2.5
3.3
4.2
2.5

292
1,196
185
525
326
302
833
361
1,480
274
2,972
613
460
172
335
428
405

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
9.7
7.9
16.4
5.1
15.1
14.0
8.9
13.1
8.8
13.3
9.7
14.7
11.8
10.0
14.8
14.4

9.8
13.5
8.2
10.9
10.4
20.1
16.0
13.7
13.7
11.4
15.8
14.4
8.3
11.7
8.9
17.7
19.1

2.5
2.0
2.1
2.7
2.6
4.0
3.0
3.3
3.3
2.9
2.2
3.3
4.2
4.2
3.0
3.7
2.9

5.5
9.9
8.5
13.7
9.1
6.6
14.6
9.5
11.4
8.5
9.9
9.3
11.2
10.4
12.0
11.4
12.2

20.2
20.9
19.2
17.5
19.3
20.6
16.9
18.6
17.6
18.3
21.8
20.4
16.4
20.0
18.2
14.8
17.5

23.3
14.1
19.4
12.2
20.1
19.6
12.6
15.2
11.9
20.7
15.7
16.2
16.2
24.2
17.3
15.8
15.3

10.0
11.2
7.5
9.9
8.2
5.4
9.8
12.5
11.1
10.4
8.5
10.0
13.8
5.6
14.6
10.3
6.8

7.7
8.5
12.0
4.8
15.1
1.3
3.2
8.6
9.9
10.5
5.9
6.6
5.2
5.0
4.2
3.8
5.5

4.7
3.8
6.6
5.1
4.3
3.8
5.1
4.2
3.2
2.8
3.6
3.5
3.8
4.3
4.7
2.4
3.1

7.3
5.9
7.8
6.1
4.9
2.9
4.3
5.0
3.5
5.3
2.9
5.7
4.9
2.6
5.2
3.2
2.6

C ities:

Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Los Angeles......................................
M ilwaukee..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Lou is.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego .........................................
San Francisco ..................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




112

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

Men

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A ............
A tlan ta................................................
Baltimore...........................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ..........
Chartotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O hio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ...........................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity.......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans.....................................
New York P M S A ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia P M S A ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ...........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester..........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco P M S A ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

674
726
583
378
758
267
293
1,604
374
464
339
1,066
223
527
1,081

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.9
16.5
13.6
19.2
16.2
11.0
12.1
14.3
14.7
14.4
14.6
17.5
11.5
18.2
11.3

11.9
9.8
13.7
14.2
17.3
9.6
10.1
12.7
13.3
13.6
13.4
10.7
12.4
16.6
12.5

3.4
2.9
3.3
2.8
4.4
3.1
2.3
2.8
2.6
2.6
4.0
3.7
3.5
3.7
3.3

15.4
13.4
11.1
15.0
10.6
12.5
13.8
11.8
12.3
14.0
12.4
13.1
12.4
13.0
10.0

4.0
7.7
5.3
6.8
7.5
5.7
6.2
7.8
6.7
6.6
6.3
6.9
4.5
6.5
4.8

10.8
7.5
11.1
6.6
11.5
9.5
8.1
11.0
8.8
8.5
9.8
7.9
7.6
9.6
10.1

278

100.0

16.9

10.5

2.8

17.5

4.8

11.6

18.8

309
872
325
436
2,191
268
230
481
364
671
741
303
1,979
517

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.2
18.9
9.4
13.0
13.8
12.9
13.6
12.0
13.3
16.5
17.5
8.7
15.4
18.0

16.7
13.5
12.4
10.2
13.3
11.1
8.1
9.1
14.0
13.7
14.6
12.5
14.7
12.0

3.2
3.0
3.5
3.3
3.3
2.3
4.2
2.4
2.2
4.7
2.8
3.3
2.2
3.1

8.5
15.5
9.2
11.7
11.2
14.0
12.6
16.2
11.5
11.3
12.9
12.9
10.7
12.4

7.6
3.5
6.8
6.1
7.3
6.0
6.3
6.3
7.1
5.8
7.5
8.1
11.7
6.9

7.7
9.2
8.1
11.2
9.3
8.6
8.4
12.4
11.4
9.2
10.5
12.4
14.9
9.6

20.7
17.5
24.1
19.8
18.9
20.2
18.7
20.4
18.2
17.1
19.8
18.6
14.4
17.9

287
523
247
1,211
530
534
306

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
15.5
16.9
15.4
15.8
13.7
18.1

8.7
16.4
12.4
13.7
9.3
12.4
14.1

2.0
4.2
4.4
2.9
3.0
3.6
2.5

8.0
10.6
11.9
10.7
11.2
11.3
15.0

5.5
7.2
5.7
7.6
5.0
4.9
5.3

8.8
9.5
8.7
9.7
11.2
12.9
8.3

33.7
18.8
18.4
19.5
23.3
18.4
15.0

293
494
266
323
593
268
291
510
478
413
496
474
1,022

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.1
10.6
13.8
12.4
14.3
15.3
9.8
16.3
16.9
18.4
13.9
15.2
20.6

10.9
12.1
17.4
12.9
10.3
14.6
7.8
16.5
18.3
20.8
16.3
9.2
19.2

2.3
2.0
5.1
2.9
4.3
4.3
3.0
3.2
3.5
8.0
4.0
2.1
5.1

9.7
12.9
10.9
12.4
11.7
10.3
11.1
11.6
14.2
9.3
11.8
14.8
9.2

5.3
5.4
4.5
6.3
6.4
7.3
6.7
4.6
8.5
5.2
6.4
5.9
8.0

12.0
9.4
7.3
9.2
11.1
8.8
11.1
12.4
10.3
6.4
10.3
9.9
10.5

144
646
94
290
168
150
459
194
841
150
1,639
329
256
79
192
235

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.1
9.3
9.7
18.6
4.5
15.8
15.8
8.6
13.8
10.4
14.7
11.3
16.3
12.1
9.0
16.2

9.3
13.0
5.9
8.7
9.0
20.2
15.7
13.3
13.7
11.4
13.9
11.2
7.2
12.1
7.3
19.8

1.5
2.2
2.0
3.2
3.0
3.7
2.7
3.7
3.7
1.8
2.3
3.0
2.9
5.3
2.5
4.2

5.5
8.4
7.5
12.7
7.8
6.3
14.6
8.3
11.9
8.1
10.6
6.1
10.3
8.8
11.6
10.7

7.2
7.8
7.5
6.9
6.2
10.7
3.6
8.4
7.6
9.2
12.5
12.0
6.5
5.4
7.9
4.3

19.8
14.6
11.4
9.8
17.5
18.9
10.5
9.6
9.2
14.7
15.6
14.6
12.0
24.6
12.7
13.6

17.4
21.7
21.6
18.4
17.3
20.2
21.8
18.0
17.9
15.9
16.5
18.6
21.2
17.9
20.9

4.3
5.6
6.5
4.9
4.3
7.4
7.0
5.6
5.7
6.2
6.8
6.6
5.1
5.0
6.1

5.4
8.2
6.6
5.5
4.0
7.5
7.8
7.0
6.6
7.2
6.1
7.4
5.7
4.2
6.4

3.8

3.9

6.3

8.5
5.2
9.7
7.8
10.0
11.4
6.9
4.7
10.8
7.6
3.1
4.7
4.7
5.6

5.0
6.7
7.2
6.9
5.6
6.9
7.3
6.9
4.6
5.9
5.0
10.1
6.2
6.6

5.4
5.3
7.3
7.9
5.1
4.0
10.1
7.9
5.9
6.5
4.6
7.7
4.4
6.5

6.7
6.3
6.6
6.5
4.3
6.4
6.6

7.5
5.2
6.0
6.2
5.9
7.2
5.2

7.9
4.8
6.0
6.2
7.1
7.0
7.8

22.8
25.6
20.1
20.6
21.0
19.0
24.2
18.2
15.4
15.9
19.7
22.3
15.0

12.7
6.4
9.7
4.1
5.8
6.6
5.8
3.9
3.5
5.8
4.7
4.7
1.4

5.0
5.9
4.6
9.9
5.8
5.3
8.9
4.1
4.7
3.7
5.7
5.9
4.7

4.2
5.5
4.0
5.5
7.4
6.1
8.4
4.4
3.9
4.0
4.8
6.1
4.2

17.4
18.5
13.3
15.5
14.5
9.6
16.3
21.0
17.0
16.8
14.3
17.4
23.2
11.1
24.2
15.5

8.3
9.5
15.8
4.9
19.4
1.5
4.9
10.9
10.3
13.6
4.8
7.9
5.3
5.6
5.2
3.6

8.2
6.8
12.0
8.8
7.6
7.1
7.7
7.0
5.4
4.7
6.3
6.2
6.6
9.4
8.2
4.1

13.3
9.1
13.8
9.6
8.4
5.2
7.1
8.3
5.4
8.5
4.5
9.1
7.4
5.1
8.5
5.2

8.0
5.2
5.5
6.1
5.7
11.6
9.5
7.7
9.5
9.6
7.9
5.8
14.3
3.9
13.0

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland...........................................
D allas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Los Angeles......................................
M ilwaukee.........................................
New Y o rk ...........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




113

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

M e n — C o n tin u e d

C ities:

San Francisco ..................................

235

100.0

14.8

20.8

3.3

12.7

8.8

14.7

11.0

4.7

4.9

3.6

478
592
481
291
698
223
249
1,263
284
373
301
814
194
442
829

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.3
11.6
9.3
12.2
12.6
5.6
9.1
11.1
11.0
8.6
10.4
12.2
8.5
14.0
8.5

10.1
13.1
14.7
14.8
18.3
13.4
10.5
14.8
16.5
16.9
14.0
12.8
13.8
14.4
13.9

2.6
2.3
3.7
3.4
4.1
3.1
2.4
1.9
4.7
4.0
3.0
2.6
4.5
3.4
3.3

14.6
13.1
11.3
12.8
12.7
13.5
11.8
13.3
12.3
13.5
16.6
15.3
12.3
15.8
13.5

34.5
34.5
33.4
34.6
30.7
34.0
26.9
35.6
30.2
31.1
32.0
34.1
30.0
29.8
30.4

17.2
15.0
17.6
12.4
13.6
19.9
17.0
13.2
17.0
16.9
16.6
14.1
19.4
16.3
19.2

2.2
2.3
2.0
1.8
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.4
1.4
2.1
1.6
2.0
2.0
1.2
1.6

3.9
5.5
4.8
6.7
4.4
5.9
17.1
5.3
5.0
4.3
3.0
4.6
6.7
2.7
6.5

.9
.4
1.3
.5
.7
.9
.4
.5
1.0
1.2
.9
.4
1.1
.8
1.0

1.2
1.9
1.6
.7
.7
1.4
2.2
1.8
.9
1.1
1.5
1.7
1.4
1.5
1.5

227

100.0

13.9

15.6

3.6

17.8

27.3

15.1

2.2

2.8

.5

.8

265
669
270
348
1,632
195
192
370
280
552
557
227
1,610
413

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.5
11.8
9.2
10.8
12.1
8.1
10.8
11.2
9.7
10.0
10.5
8.5
12.1
9.3

14.0
16.7
13.3
13.3
13.5
13.1
16.3
14.2
17.2
14.3
15.7
13.2
18.5
14.5

3.8
3.8
2.3
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.4
3.2
3.7
3.2
2.8
3.8
2.3
3.8

10.5
15.2
10.9
14.9
11.4
13.5
14.4
13.0
11.9
11.5
15.7
17.2
10.3
11.6

34.2
32.7
33.5
31.4
33.2
31.0
30.9
29.7
27.9
32.5
35.0
32.3
32.7
36.8

13.4
14.5
20.1
15.5
13.8
20.1
14.4
17.9
20.5
17.5
13.0
19.4
14.9
13.2

2.7
1.8
2.6
2.1
3.5
2.4
.8
2.1
2.2
2.3
1.8
.4
1.4
1.6

6.4
.9
5.8
5.9
7.5
5.7
8.0
6.2
5.4
5.9
3.7
2.5
6.5
6.8

.8
1.4
.8
.3
.5
1.6
.5
.4
.5
.7
.7
1.4
.3
.3

1.2
.8
1.2
2.0
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.3
.9
1.4
.8
1.2
.9
1.6

259
447
232
987
406
433
276

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
14.0
13.2
9.5
12.1
6.5
11.2

10.0
15.8
13.1
16.1
12.6
16.6
15.2

2.8
3.5
2.5
3.7
5.0
3.9
2.7

16.6
12.2
12.5
13.6
11.6
15.1
12.1

27.9
31.7
31.8
32.0
28.9
29.9
31.5

24.0
14.6
18.2
15.7
19.0
20.3
16.1

1.4
1.5
2.3
2.0
3.3
2.0
3.2

4.2
4.4
3.4
4.9
4.6
2.9
4.4

1.7
.8
.3
.4
1.0
.8
1.3

2.3
1.0
1.7
1.5
1.7
1.5
1.1

265
383
207
262
510
188
218
423
378
314
389
413
931

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.0
10.8
11.5
11.5
11.9
10.2
10.3
12.4
14.8
16.0
13.5
11.4
15.5

13.3
12.3
14.6
13.5
14.5
13.8
11.4
14.8
15.1
15.2
17.4
12.3
17.5

3.6
3.1
3.6
2.5
2.8
2.7
3.5
3.6
3.4
5.1
3.0
3.7
4.4

11.0
14.0
13.5
14.1
14.0
13.3
14.3
13.3
13.5
9.7
14.3
15.8
10.9

28.7
27.6
29.0
37.1
31.2
32.1
32.7
29.0
31.7
29.3
27.1
29.1
33.6

13.8
20.5
16.2
15.2
17.1
18.0
22.0
17.2
13.3
12.4
15.6
17.4
13.5

4.2
2.2
2.3
1.9
1.9
2.3
1.5
3.1
1.7
5.0
2.6
2.5
1.3

15.4
5.7
6.4
1.3
4.7
4.4
2.6
3.2
4.2
4.9
3.5
3.9
1.1

.2
.7
1.7
1.4
.3
.7
.3
.5
.7
1.5
1.0
1.0
.8

1.6
1.8
1.0
.9
.7
2.2
.7
1.5
1.3
.4
1.3
2.0
.7

147
550
91
235
158
153
374
167
638

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
10.3
6.2
13.6
5.7
14.5
11.7
9.3
12.2

10.2
14.1
10.6
13.6
11.8
20.0
16.3
14.1
13.8

3.5
1.9
2.3
2.0
2.1
4.3
3.3
2.9
2.8

5.5
11.7
9.7
14.9
10.5
6.9
14.5
11.0
10.7

32.9
36.3
31.3
30.6
33.2
30.3
33.4
30.4
30.8

26.7
13.4
27.6
15.3
22.8
20.4
15.1
21.7
15.4

2.8
2.5
1.5
3.0
1.5
1.3
1.9
2.7
3.4

7.1
7.3
8.0
4.7
10.4
1.1
1.0
5.9
9.4

1.2
.3
1.0
.5
.9
.6
1.8
.9
.3

1.5
2.2
1.6
1.8
1.1
.6
.9
1.2
.9

W om en

M e tro p o lita n a re a s :'

Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ............
Atlanta ................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus. O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ............................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas C ity........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Mem phis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................
C ities:

Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
D allas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




114

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
ns and
administra­
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

Women—Continued

Cities:
M ilwaukee.........................................
New Y o rk ..........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis............................................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o .........................................
San Francisco ..................................

124
1,332
285
204
93
143
193
171

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8
11.6
7.8
12.8
11.6
11.2
13.1
13.9

11.4
18.1
18.2
9.7
11.3
11.2
15.2
16.8

4.4
2.0
3.8
5.8
3.2
3.7
3.1
2.3

8.9
9.1
13.0
12.3
11.6
12.6
12.3
11.5

29.3
33.4
30.2
28.8
32.5
32.0
27.8
29.6

28.0
15.8
18.1
21.3
23.8
23.5
18.4
16.2

2.7
1.4
1.5
1.9
.9
1.8
4.0
1.1

6.7
7.3
5.0
5.0
4.5
2.9
4.0
6.8

0.4
.3
.4
.2
O
.1
.3
.5

1.4
.9
1.7
1.8
.4
.9
.8
1.3

1,062
978
808
612
1,343
458
426
2,283
58 2
706
563
1,590
377
890
1,611

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.7
17.0
12.9
16.1
15.1
9.1
12.1
14.0
13.3
12.8
13.3
16.8
10.2
16.8
10.9

11.2
13.0
15.0
14.5
17.9
11.2
10.9
13.6
14.7
15.2
14.4
12.2
13.9
15.9
13.4

3.0
2.9
3.3
2.9
4.3
3.1
2.4
2.3
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.9
3.6
3.4

15.5
15.6
12.6
14.4
12.0
13.7
14.9
13.5
13.2
14.8
15.5
15.3
12.4
15.1
12.2

16.7
19.8
18.3
19.2
18.7
19.2
16.9
19.7
16.4
17.0
17.4
18.6
16.6
17.3
15.5

13.2
7.0
10.7
8.7
11.4
12.9
9.1
11.1
11.2
10.6
11.1
9.4
11.8
11.8
12.5

10.6
13.9
14.3
11.2
10.2
12.5
13.8
11.1
11.5
10.3
10.1
11.7
12.8
10.2
13.8

5.6
3.2
4.2
6.2
4.7
8.4
11.2
6.1
7.6
6.6
5.6
4.5
10.1
3.1
9.2

3.0
2.5
4.1
3.0
2.6
4.5
3.4
3.0
3.6
3.7
4.0
3.1
3.1
2.7
3.8

3.8
4.2
3.6
3.3
2.5
4.3
4.5
4.5
3.9
4.6
3.8
4.1
3.9
2.6
4.1

441

100.0

17.2

12.6

3.0

18.9

15.6

12.0

11.0

2.8

2.5

3.1

525
1,240
516
657
3,117
422
281
692
581
1,159
1,199
365
2,614
751

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.6
18.2
9.3
13.5
13.1
11.8
16.2
13.1
12.4
13.9
14.8
11.0
16.1
16.1

15.7
15.3
14.0
11.8
13.5
12.2
15.7
11.4
16.5
14.1
14.8
15.2
18.3
14.1

3.5
3.3
2.6
3.4
2.9
2.8
3.9
2.5
2.8
4.2
2.8
4.1
2.3
3.6

9.6
16.1
10.9
14.4
11.1
14.2
13.7
16.0
12.5
11.6
14.8
18.3
11.7
12.6

19.5
16.9
19.0
17.3
16.8
15.4
20.1
17.3
16.1
17.8
19.3
17.8
19.3
19.9

9.8
9.5
11.9
10.6
11.1
12.2
6.1
13.1
13.7
12.4
10.9
9.8
12.3
9.8

12.9
10.9
15.2
12.2
13.2
12.7
10.6
12.7
11.7
10.4
12.4
12.0
8.8
11.1

7.3
3.0
6.9
5.9
9.9
9.3
4.3
5.0
7.5
6.6
3.3
3.3
4.7
5.1

3.0
2.8
4.2
4.4
3.5
4.8
4.0
3.6
2.8
3.6
3.1
4.1
3.2
3.0

3.3
2.8
4.5
4.9
3.6
3.0
4.0
3.8
3.3
4.3
2.8
3.8
2.6
3.5

335
756
431
1,837
889
905
542

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.9
15.3
15.8
13.9
14.6
10.9
15.2

11.2
17.1
12.4
15.2
10.6
14.5
14.5

2.8
4.1
3.5
3.2
3.7
3.7
2.2

14.6
12.3
12.9
13.0
11.7
13.4
14.0

15.8
17.9
19.0
18.6
15.4
15.9
17.8

11.2
10.3
11.7
10.5
14.5
15.3
11.7

22.1
11.3
10.9
12.3
14.8
11.3
9.6

5.3
4.1
4.8
5.1
4.4
4.6
5.1

3.2
3.2
3.4
3.4
3.5
4.2
3.4

1.9
3.3
3.6
3.6
4.5
4.7
4.6

541
820
442
518
968
438
474
852
648
598
797
775
1,425

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.7
13.2
12.5
13.6
13.6
10.2
15.0
17.4
18.4
14.0
14.7
20.3

11.7
12.4
16.7
13.5
12.8
14.2
9.7
16.4
18.8
17.7
16.7
11.2
20.8

2.9
2.4
4.5
2.6
3.5
3.7
3.2
3.4
3.6
5.6
3.5
2.9
4.8

10.4
13.4
12.2
13.5
13.5
11.8
12.8
13.2
15.0
9.9
13.7
16.5
11.1

16.6
15.1
15.5
19.0
18.1
17.6
18.0
15.4
16.9
16.2
14.9
16.3
18.7

12.8
14.3
10.5
11.3
11.2
12.7
14.4
13.3
10.5
9.4
11.9
12.2
8.8

14.2
15.3
12.5
12.5
13.1
11.9
14.7
11.2
9.5
11.0
12.7
13.6
8.9

13.9
5.9
7.4
2.9
5.1
5.2
4.3
3.4
2.9
4.8
4.1
3.6
1.1

2.8
3.7
3.4
6.3
3.3
3.5
5.1
2.5
2.4
3.2
3.8
2.9
1.8

2.9
3.8
2.5
3.5
4.3
4.3
5.3
2.8
2.3
2.6
3.0
3.8
2.0

White

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A ............
A tlanta................................................
Baltimore...........................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ..........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati P M S A ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O hio ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ...........................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity.......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester..........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Lou is.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco P M S A ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




115

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

3.0
1.6
1.8
2.6
4.3
5.3
3.1
2.7
3.1
2.7
2.2
3.1
4.0
4.7
3.1
4.2
3.2

6.9
11.3
9.8
17.1
11.1
7.7
15.4
10.9
11.5
10.4
11.1
10.8
11.9
11.4
12.3
12.7
13.0

21.6
19.6
18.5
15.9
18.3
11.5
17.8
18.7
14.8
19.0
19.8
21.5
16.3
21.4
18.3
14.4
17.0

13.1
12.1
13.6
9.0
13.8
7.0
9.7
12.7
11.5
17.5
12.9
12.2
16.1
14.3
15.8
14.4
13.4

14.5
11.4
10.3
10.5
14.2
3.0
10.1
13.6
11.9
11.4
8.7
11.0
14.0
7.3
15.0
9.5
5.7

6.7
8.9
13.2
3.0
11.1
.5
2.8
7.1
11.3
8.3
5.1
5.3
5.1
4.8
4.3
3.5
4.1

2.9
3.7
5.5
3.2
3.4
.8
3.0
4.0
3.1
2.6
3.2
2.9
3.2
4.5
4.7
2.5
1.6

5.3
6.3
10.1
4.2
4.1
1.0
3.5
5.0
3.5
4.5
2.7
4.5
4.3
1.7
5.4
2.7
1.8

5.3
10.8
12.5
13.1
8.1
12.8
12.9
10.7
7.6
6.7
5.3
10.3
9.6

1.9
3.2
4.0
3.3
2.3
1.4
4.1
2.6
4.3
2.3
4.3
3.6
2.0

6.1
7.0
7.6
7.1
5.2
7.6
3.8
8.5
7.0
7.3
12.3
5.4
8.0

20.4
17.6
15.5
20.9
11.8
24.1
21.6
21.2
25.8
20.3
14.0
18.8
20.5

22.4
26.1
18.5
26.6
24.8
15.9
21.5
23.2
25.9
18.1
24.6
25.9
22.1

10.4
7.5
14.2
10.0
9.5
10.7
5.9
6.0
5.8
9.6
7.8
10.0
6.3

11.5
7.9
8.5
8.5
17.8
7.9
7.9
10.8
5.5
8.8
15.2
3.3
15.9

5.5
4.7
4.3
3.2
6.4
5.3
4.3
6.0
4.3
9.4
4.7
7.3
4.5

8.9
7.1
5.9
2.4
7.7
6.0
6.0
4.3
5.6
9.7
2.0
4.8
5.1

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

129
762
105
372
98
101
611
284
1,156
218
2,061
391
427
102
313
378
279

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6
11.1
10.2
20.7
7.1
25.4
17.0
8.8
13.6
9.9
15.7
11.7
15.6
14.3
10.1
15.0
17.1

13.8
13.4
6.3
13.0
11.2
37.7
16.8
16.0
14.2
13.1
18.0
16.3
8.3
15.3
9.2
19.0
22.7

326
236
39
81
107
473
73
116
72
259
37
57
264

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
7.4
8.5
5.0
4.7
7.8
11.6
6.1
7.2
6.9
9.4
9.2
5.3

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

W h ite — C o n tin u e d

C ities:

Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
D allas..................................................
D etroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Los Angeles......................................
M ilwaukee..........................................
New Y o rk ...........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o .........................................
San Francisco ..................................
Black

M e tro p o lita n a re a s :'

A tlan ta................................................
Baltim ore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ...........................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity.......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
St. Louis.............................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

57

100.0

3.2

15.0

4.6

7.1

8.7

19.6

15.1

7.6

2.1

10.3

43
238
68
116
344
41
131
152
58
76
154
755
164

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.6
4.6
8.4
4.2
11.8
1.4
5.1
5.5
5.8
10.3
3.5
7.4
5.0

10.4
9.6
3.7
9.7
10.7
9.4
4.0
11.0
2.9
13.6
6.7
9.9
7.9

3.0
3.6
5.7
2.0
3.9
(*)
1.6
4.0
3.5
2.7
2.0
1.8
2.4

7.5
10.3
4.9
7.2
9.5
8.1
7.6
8.1
2.9
7.4
6.7
5.8
9.5

25.1
14.9
18.9
16.9
29.7
28.9
13.4
13.5
16.3
22.0
20.2
28.4
21.1

16.3
22.5
25.4
27.4
14.3
27.0
22.9
21.3
31.6
22.3
28.0
23.6
18.3

8.1
9.8
8.8
11.3
7.0
13.2
11.2
11.4
7.8
8.8
8.2
8.6
8.9

9.5
4.6
12.9
11.6
3.5
6.2
14.5
7.1
18.1
3.6
4.8
5.9
11.2

4.6
13.5
5.4
1.4
4.9
3.8
4.7
6.3
3.2
3.1
12.2
4.7
7.7

4.9
6.2
4.9
7.8
3.8
1.5
11.0
11.0
7.8
4.8
7.1
3.8
7.8

198
106
32
334
55
130
103
457

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
12.9
8.5
6.3
3.9
10.7
4.6
12.2

6.8
11.0
12.6
11.7
6.4
7.5
7.8
11.4

1.8
3.6
2.2
3.6
4.1
4.2
2.6
4.7

8.4
8.2
5.0
6.5
6.5
7.9
6.4
6.1

17.0
24.0
15.9
19.1
22.2
15.8
19.2
25.3

22.9
15.8
29.4
22.9
31.6
33.1
21.3
20.1

12.1
8.2
7.7
8.4
7.0
5.7
9.7
7.7

5.3
7.6
4.2
9.1
8.4
6.8
9.4
1.5

7.4
5.3
2.5
5.0
6.8
3.1
9.0
5.9

11.2
2.9
9.9
6.9
1.7
4.7
7.8
4.0

162
372
78
147
222
193
182
68
173

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.6
6.9
4.7
5.7
4.2
9.8
4.2
8.2
11.5

6.7
14.1
10.8
4.9
9.0
11.2
9.8
3.3
10.0

2.1
1.5
2.6
2.3
1.6
3.3
2.4
5.8
3.5

4.4
7.0
7.0
5.3
7.8
5.6
10.4
5.0
9.1

18.9
25.4
19.9
22.1
20.2
25.9
16.1
19.1
31.4

31.4
17.1
27.5
20.3
23.2
25.5
22.3
25.7
14.9

6.5
10.8
3.8
8.7
5.8
6.6
9.1
8.9
7.1

8.6
7.0
10.3
9.5
17.1
1.8
4.8
12.7
2.6

6.1
4.7
7.8
9.3
4.8
5.5
13.2
5.4
5.5

9.0
5.3
4.7
10.9
5.4
4.0
7.5
5.0
4.3

C ities:

Baltimore............................................
C h icago..............................................
Cleveland...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




116

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

B lack— C o n tin u e d

Cities:

M ilwaukee.........................................
New Y o rk ..........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
St. Louis............................................

54
704
213
68

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
7.2
5.3
8.5

3.1
9.3
11.4
6.4

3.8
1.7
3.7
3.5

0.9
5.7
6.1
9.0

15.7
28.8
19.0
18.5

33.7
23.8
23.9
37.8

7.0
8.9
8.4
3.2

19.5
5.9
8.4
4.9

3.5
4.8
4.9
4.2

8.4
3.8
8.1
4.0

205
62
28
245
222
74
215
1,147
416
62
633
59
85
33
119
171
53
24
228
126
93
97
46
53

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.7
7.5
2.3
5.8
4.9
5.7
7.9
4.5
11.0
8.3
7.5
4.8
8.7
5.9
8.1
5.1
4.8
4.2
6.3
7.0
8.0
8.0
9.7
10.9

3.0
6.5
11.8
4.6
2.6
6.5
6.7
4.3
7.1
7.8
6.5
6.4
9.5
17.4
3.9
6.1
4.3
5.5
4.4
5.9
12.4
5.8
11.5
12.1

.7
2.7
1.2
1.0
2.0
3.2
2.3
1.2
2.3
3.5
1.7
.2
2.1
(1
2)
2.8
1.3
2.3
3.3
3.0
1.3
2.1
2.7
3.3
5.2

7.2
7.0
5.5
6.6
6.6
8.2
9.5
7.5
13.8
9.2
9.0
4.7
8.0
8.1
10.2
5.9
3.5
3.0
9.8
5.9
6.3
2.7
17.2
5.6

8.8
13.7
12.1
15.7
13.4
19.2
14.5
13.8
17.0
18.8
17.6
13.8
19.1
13.8
7.9
12.3
23.8
12.5
17.3
11.5
19.3
16.0
16.2
17.6

22.6
11.5
33.4
16.5
15.4
19.5
17.7
16.6
15.0
17.9
23.2
10.3
19.4
15.3
18.7
19.9
19.4
15.2
18.8
25.4
26.1
17.5
11.6
33.8

14.5
14.8
12.2
12.2
21.3
14.7
17.3
16.4
15.5
12.4
10.2
15.0
11.2
19.7
16.5
19.8
18.6
15.2
17.2
16.0
7.1
15.9
14.9
7.7

18.7
24.5
13.5
21.8
14.9
6.4
6.1
21.8
7.9
14.1
14.4
24.1
10.7
9.6
8.2
12.6
6.1
18.9
6.6
9.1
10.5
13.7
6.0
.3

3.7
4.3
4.5
5.2
5.0
8.0
6.7
5.2
4.2
2.9
4.3
7.7
3.7
4.7
3.8
3.2
3.0
6.9
6.0
3.4
1.5
8.6
1.2
.4

9.3
6.9
3.7
9.8
12.4
7.7
9.5
6.1
4.6
4.6
5.0
13.0
5.4
5.0
9.9
7.1
6.2
10.6
7.6
3.7
6.2
8.4
1.0
2.8

170
80
12
147
449
590
70
185
60
60

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.8
5.4
18.2
6.9
3.6
7.5
7.2
6.3
6.8
3.3

4.5
2.6
13.4
4.5
3.9
6.7
2.9
4.1
9.9
11.8

.7
1.8
1.8
1.3
1.1
1.6
3.8
2.8
.1
1.4

6.5
3.4
5.7
10.2
7.0
8.8
11.7
9.6
5.5
3.4

16.2
14.6
16.8
14.8
10.8
18.2
7.1
17.5
9.1
19.5

14.2
21.3
27.4
16.8
19.1
22.9
24.2
20.4
34.5
30.6

13.1
20.8
9.2
18.9
15.8
10.3
15.1
17.8
13.9
9.6

21.6
8.6
.5
5.4
25.2
14.2
10.5
5.7
8.1
13.3

4.9
5.8
1.6
8.0
5.1
4.1
2.7
6.1

12.0
14.0
5.3
11.9
5.8
5.2
11.4
7.4

4.7

4.0

2.1

4.9

H ispa nic origin

M e tro p o lita n are a s :1

Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A ............
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Chicago P M S A .................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Houston P M S A .................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New York P M S A ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Sacramento.......................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o .........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................
C ities:

Chicago.............................................
D allas..................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston.............................................
Los Angeles......................................
New York ..........................................
Phoenix...............................................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco ..................................

publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Defini­
tions”.
2 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS




117

Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for
nonagriculturai workers by industry, 1986 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagriculturai wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Transporta­
tion, com­
munica­
Nonr'
ble tions, and
public
goods
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

C IV IL IA N LA B O R FO R C E

M e tro p o lita n are a s :5

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............
A tlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A ......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill...........
Chicago P M S A ...................................
Cincinnati PMSA ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM S A .......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM S A ...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston P M S A ...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
R ochester............................................
Sacramento ........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D ieg o ............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

1,165
1,336
1,095
684
1,492
528
553
3,054
691
885
657
1,965
432
1,018
2,026

953
1,087
816
572
1,226
418
480
2,554
567
720
500
1,622
354
800
1,683

(6)
63
93

286
205
167
164
288
114
159
659
172
194
84
367
101
120
558

222
104
99
81
213
68
61
376
102
134
53
247
77
77
468

515

421

34

59

42

575
1,672
615
801
3,951
472
443
884
680
1,256
1,322
578
3,754
958

466
1,368
482
627
3,180
393
354
717
550
1,025
1,031
452
2,881
793

(6)
111
(6)
46
159
(6)
(6)
61
(6)
55
78
(6)
138
47

136
190
113
140
970
108
67
105
165
276
207
55
515
204

569
1,010
495
2,250
954
1,034
602

424
780
354
1,811
776
847
459

574
891
481
606
1,140
471
528
929
876
752
925
907
1,971

307
1,333
216
559
386
318
913
377
1,528
300
3,127
645
478
185
347
429
421

69
85
74
30
65

64
101
67
83
75
46
97
283
71
60
w
120
(6)
44
90

(6)
119
59
36
76
(6)
43
213
41
46
36
133
(6)
76
98

241
305
226
140
259
119
110
642
140
191
159
412
90
225
413

(6)

(6)

113
103
74
67
643
63

(6)
87
(6)
73
327
44

<6)
47
127
179
130

(*)
58
(6)
97
77

(6)
115
(6)
68
214
(®)
(*)
69

(6)
167
99

(6)
348
105

<*)
123
104
59
(6)

82
163
52
427
142
173
95

64
103
33
225
111
130
70

(6>
60
(6)
202
(6)
43

473
683
391
377
957
347
385
694
669
621
726
711
1,312

28
74
(6)
(6)
64
29
(6)
74
(6)
(6)
(6)
60
98

173
161
163
(6)
228
71
55
138
97
279
167
111
114

235
1,090
169
470
299
198
738
299
1,236
242
2,406
503
404
149
254
325
324

(6)
41
(6)
47

51
277
52
80
98
11
89
65
351
67
425
91
66
(*)
(6)
69
(6)

(6)
37
118
(6)
35
(6)
144

49
53

82
89
61
56
128
(6)
34
242
37
56
55
178
(6)
78
101

225
282
229
145
410
104
97
675
154
196
139
361
103
218
420

115
154
225
69
177
86
43
334
90
120
118
202
57
138
248

130

48

119

61

72
90
(6)
244
72

85
385
129
158
689
102
100
211
137
265
268
125
565
174

79
137
46
60
253
(6)
(6)
62
47
98
116
(6)
448
91

113
335
123
152
885
102
96
208
151
256
271
139
969
203

72
176
89
117
432
51
70
101
88
165
218
90
610
115

(6)

(6)
72
(6)
120
56
50
36

135
206
106
415
204
234
125

(6)
72
33
145
68
61
51

103
211
104
579
199
259
131

118
163
98
297
111
114
78

118
115
131
(6)
148
49
<6)
113
<6)
252
135
69
64

55
(6)
32
(6)
80
21
(6)
(6)
(6)
<6)
(*)
41
50

25
(6)
(6)
(6)
78
31
<6)
(6)
70
(6)
53
49
107

101
190
87
135
251
104
123
183
157
114
195
218
310

40
(6)
(6)
<6)
72
25
(6)
72
99
(6)
68
70
147

105
161
88
95
261
84
102
194
204
137
198
200
536

74
140
60
163
133
88
97
157
128
68
122
123
563

(6)
153
40

(6)
124

(6)
83

(6)
106

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
136

(6)
(6)
(6)
15
55
(6)
78

(6)
293
51
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

C5)
204
36
(®)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

62
255
44
112
71
41
220
78
267
60
466
112
103
(6)
82
78
72

79
328
43
129
87
102
200
79
379
69
815
195
110
62
71
95
105

62
172
40
53
69
103
97
55
145
(6)
507
102

0

C ities:

Baltimore..............................................
C hicago................................................
C leveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Colum bia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
M ilwaukee............................................
New Y o rk .............................................
Philadelphia.........................................
Phoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................
San Francisco.....................................

(6)
13
57
(6)
53
(6)
107
(6)
52
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
83
(6)
50
(6)
215
55
132
39
46
(6)
(6)
57
(6)

S ee footnotes at end of table.




118

<6)
57
(6)
16
73
(6)
106
(6)
389
38

44
(6)
(6)
(6)
55

44
(6)
66
77
62

T a b le 2 6 .

S e le c t e d

m e t r o p o lit a n

a re a s an d

c itie s : E m p lo y m e n t s t a t u s o f t h e e x p e r ie n c e d 1 c iv ilia n

la b o r fo r c e f o r

n o n a g r ic u ltu r a l w o r k e r s b y in d u s tr y , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n tin u e d

(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Transporta­
tion, com­
munica­
Nondurable tions, and
public
goods
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

UNEMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:5
Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ..............
A tlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A .....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ............
Chartotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill...........
Chicago P M S A ...................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit PM SA......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM SA...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PM S A ...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas C ity.........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s...............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia P M S A ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
R ochester............................................
Sacram ento........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

9
11

14
5
8
8
11
9
9
57
11
16
5
27
8
9
42

11
3
5
3
7
7
2
35
6
14
4
19
7
5
35

23

4

2

14
167
32
34
230
21
35
51
42
50
40
55
215
46

13
154
29
30
208
19
30
47
37
44
35
48
193
43

ft
26
ft
2
15
ft
(6)
6

36
60
28
93
52
89
36

34
53
24
84
47
81
32

2
5

22
46
20
40
62
25
33
46
34
42
57
45
61

20
41
18
32
58
21
29
41
26
37
51
40
51

24
148
34
43
68
22
100
22
95
28
194
41
28
15
20
21

20
136
29
41
56
18
91
20
85
24
174
38
26
14
19
19

48
49
54
26
47
45
22
226
44
60
31
121
23
65
153

45
44
47
24
42
39
22
205
40
53
28
113
22
59
131

24

5
3
6
1
5
(6)
2
14
(6)
7
ft
13
ft

ft
3
3
ft
17
3

ft
6
8
13
ft

4
2
3
5
4
2
7
22
4
2
ft
8
ft
4
7

ft

1

ft

ft

3
24
7
7
62
6
5
10
15
11
7
5
44
15

3
16
4
3
41
4
ft
5
10
6
3

ft

6
11
2
24
6
26
7

3
9
1
12
3
21
3

9
7
7

6
4
3

3
8
ft
ft

ft
19
8

ft
15
4
4
8
3
16
9
6
3

ft
5
ft
ft
ft
7
7

ft
5
13
6
4
2

1
13
3
2
1
6
ft
3
7

ft

8
ft

3
21
2
ft
5
ft
4
3
ft
25
7
ft

3
10
ft
ft
3
ft
3
2
ft
12
3
ft

2
ft

2
ft

13

3
2
5
2

ft
5
ft
3
ft
4
7
1
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

13
17
15
7
11
13
4
63
12
14
9
33
5
18
33

3
3
1
2
3

5
5

8
13
12
4
10
11
4
47
8
13
7
25
5
15
32

2
4
6
1
4
5
1
16
4
5
3
5
1
4
19

1

6

1

14
2

5
33
7
9
53
6
11
12
8
11
8
13
57
9

1
9
2
4
14
1
5
3
4
4
5
6
15
3

2
2
3
6
2
1

7
14
6
20
11
14
9

2
6
2
6
3
6
4

3
12
5
8
14
5
6
11
8
7
15
10
19

1
3
1
7
4
3
3
4
5
3
4
4
8

6
33
7
12
16
7
23
5
27
6
51
8
7
5
5
5

4
9
4
1
12
3
6
1
6

ft
1
11
2
1
1
7
ft

8

ft

7
2

ft

ft

9

ft

ft

9
3

4
3
1
3

1
ft
ft
ft
4
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
2
1
4

3
2

2
48
9
8
58
5
8
14
8
12
12
15
50
11

(7)

16
17
6
29
13
20
9

ft

4
10
4
11
16
8
10
12
8
6
13
13
14

6
1
1
9
ft
ft
2
2
4
3
ft

1
ft
ft
ft
1
1
ft
4
4
ft
5
2
5

Cities:
Baltimore..............................................
C hicago................................................
C leveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles........................................
Milwaukee............................................
New Y o rk .............................................
Philadelphia........................................
P hoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San D iego............................................

ft
9
ft
6
ft
2
12
ft
6
ft
16
ft
5
ft
ft
ft

6
36
10
6
19
1
15
4
23
9
41
13
3

ft
23
9
ft
16
ft
9
ft
13
5
18
4
1

ft
ft

ft
ft
4

2

S ee footnotes at end of table.




119

ft

ft
14

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

9
ft
ft
ft
1
4
ft

10

3

ft
23
9

ft

ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
ft
ft
ft

11
1

5
40
8
12
14
6
29
7
23
4
42
11
7
ft
6
4

ft
7
ft
2
ft
1
3
ft
3
ft
13
1
4
ft
ft
ft

ft
14
3
1
ft
1
2

T a b le 2 6 .

S e le c te d

m e t r o p o lit a n

a re a s a n d

c itie s : E m p lo y m e n t s t a t u s o f t h e e x p e r ie n c e d 1 c iv ilia n

la b o r fo r c e

fo r

n o n a g r ic u ltu r a l w o r k e r s b y in d u s tr y , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n tin u e d
(Num bers in thousands)

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Transportation, com­
munica­
Nondurable tions, and
public
goods
utilities

Total

Durable
goods

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

4.7
2.6
4.9
3.5
3.3
9.8
3.0
9.2
6.3
10.6
7.8
7.7
8.8
6.6
7.5

5.8
2.4
4.7
6.3
4.7
5.0
7.1
7.8
6.3
3.6
(6)
6.7
(6)
8.1
7.6

(6)
3.0
5.3
3.2
3.5
(6)
2.3
6.0
7.4
3.6
2.6
4.7

(6)

(6)

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

Cities:
San Francisco....................................

20

17

4.1
3.7
4.9
3.7
3.2
8.5
4.1
7.4
6.4
6.8
4.7
6.2
5.4
6.4
7.5

4.7
4.1
5.7
4.2
3.4
9.4
4.5
8.0
7.0
7.4
5.5
7.0
6.2
7.4
7.8

(6)
9.3
(6)
13.6
11.9

(6)

5

3

6

3

5.3
5.4
6.8
4.9
4.1
10.7
4.0
9.8
8.9
7.5
5.6
8.0
5.9
7.9
8.0

4.2
3.2
1.9
3.1
2.2
(6)
2.1
4.6
4.9
1.2
1.4
3.8
(6)
6.1
5.4

3.5
4.5
5.5
3.1
2.5
10.2
4.5
7.0
5.2
6.9
5.0
6.9
5.0
6.8
7.7

1.9
2.4
2.7
1.9
2.2
6.0
1.2
4.8
4.7
4.6
2.5
2.6
1.9
3.2
7.8

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

Metropolitan areas:5
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A .....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill...........
Chicago P M S A ...................................
Cincinnati P M S A ................................
Cleveland P M S A ................................
Columbus, O hio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit P M S A ......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PM SA...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PM S A ...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ...............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l..........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York P M S A ................................
Newark P M S A ....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News ..............................................
Oakland P M S A ...................................
Oklahoma C ity....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ....
Rochester ............................................
Sacramento .........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San D ieg o ............................................
San Francisco P M S A ........................
San Jose P M S A .................................
Seattle P M S A .....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

7.4
4.0
8.5
4.8
7.2
(6)
6.4
12.1
(6)
19.8

5.0
2.5
4.8
4.9
3.7
7.8
5.5
8.6
6.3
8.4
6.2
7.4
8.2
7.2
7.5

4.7

5.4

11.2

3.7

3.4

2.5
10.0
5.2
4.2
5.8
4.4
8.0
5.7
6.1
4.0
3.0
9.5
5.7
4.8

2.8
11.3
6.1
4.8
6.6
4.9
8.4
6.5
6.7
4.3
3.4
10.6
6.7
5.4

(6)
23.3
(6)
4.6
9.2
(6)
(6)
10.2
(®)
6.4
4.1
(6)
12.3
6.6

2.1
12.9
5.9
4.7
6.4
5.6
6.8
9.4
8.8
3.9
3.2
9.9
8.5
7.5

2.2
15.5
5.8
4.9
6.3
5.9
(6)
9.7
7.7
3.6
2.4

6.4
5.9
5.7
4.1
5.5
8.6
6.0

8.1
6.7
6.7
4.7
6.0
9.6
6.9

4.4
10.3
(6)
5.0
7.8
22.2
<6)

3.8
5.1
4.1
6.6
5.4
5.2
6.2
5.0
3.9
5.6
6.2
5.0
3.1

4.3
6.0
4.7
8.6
6.0
6.0
7.5
5.9
3.9
6.0
7.0
5.6
3.9

10.2
11.1

7.9
11.1
15.8
7.7
17.6
6.9
10.9
5.8

8.7
12.5
17.3
8.8
18.6
9.2
12.4
6.6

(6)
(6)
13.6
9.7
(6)
7.2
(6)
(6)
(6)
11.2
7.3

<6)
4.5
7.2

6.4

3.1

5.2

2.0

.4
4.1
1.5
2.1
3.6
(6)
(6)
2.9
3.3
4.1
2.3
(6)
3.0
2.0

4.0
10.0
6.0
5.7
6.0
5.6
11.6
5.7
5.6
4.1
3.1
9.2
5.9
4.2

1.2
5.0
2.4
3.1
3.3
2.9
7.3
3.4
4.4
2.7
2.1
6.4
2.5
2.5

(6)
6.6
(6)
3.7
4.6
(6)
(6)
4.2

(6)
11.4
8.5

(6)
9.8
(6)
4.5
6.5
5.2
(6)
9.2
(6)
4.5
4.5
(6)
7.1
6.6

(6)
3.5
2.7
(6)
4.8
3.9

2.3
12.4
7.3
5.3
8.4
5.1
8.2
6.7
5.5
4.6
4.5
12.4
8.8
6.5

7.4
7.1
4.8
5.7
4.4
14.9
7.5

5.2
9.1
4.5
5.2
2.9
15.9
4.8

(6)
3.6
(6)
6.3
(6)
11.8
(6)

(6)
3.0
(6)
2.4
4.1
9.0
4.6

11.8
8.2
5.9
6.9
6.1
8.7
7.4

(6)
3.3
6.7
1.9
9.4
3.3
2.5

6.9
6.8
5.8
3.4
5.6
5.6
7.1

1.6
3.8
2.4
2.0
3.1
5.4
4.7

5.0
4.2
4.5

4.8
3.8
2.7

5.5
(6)
11.9

(6)
6.5
5.0
7.7
5.7
3.0
5.8
5.3
5.7
2.9

(6)
5.0
4.2
(6)
4.6

(6)
9.1
6.8
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
6.3
3.3

4.1
<6)
(6)
(6)
5.3
1.5
(6)
(6)
.6
(6)
3.7
3.0
3.5

3.8
5.0
4.4
7.8
6.2
7.5
8.4
6.4
4.9
5.3
6.7
6.0
4.4

1.8
(6)
0
(6)
1.5
3.5
(6)
6.0
3.7
(6)
7.8
3.2
3.2

3.1
7.8
6.0
8.2
5.2
5.5
5.7
5.8
4.1
5.4
7.7
4.8
3.5

1.7
2.2
1.9
4.0
2.7
3.8
3.3
2.2
4.0
5.0
3.7
3.5
1.4

11.4
13.1
18.6
7.2
19.7
11.1
16.7
5.9

(6)
14.7
23.2

(6)
11.2
(6)
(6)
(6)
6.2
6.5

8.6
15.8
18.3
10.7
19.5
14.7
13.3
8.8

(6)
6.7

7.1
10.2
16.1
9.5
18.0
6.6
11.3
6.9

5.9
5.5
10.5
2.7
17.6
3.4
6.4
2.7

(6)
5.3
4.4
5.4
2.6

Cities:
Baltimore..............................................
C hicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Colum bia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................

(6)
22.5
(6)
12.9
(6)
18.1
21.5
(6)

(6)
19.7
(6)
18.1
(6)

S ee footnotes at end of table.




120

(6)
11.1
(6)
(6)
(6)
f 5)
(6)
(6)

(6)

(6)
4.4
(6)
5.8
4.7
(®)

T a b le 2 6 .

S e le c te d

m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s a n d

c itie s : E m p lo y m e n t s t a t u s o f t h e e x p e r ie n c e d 1 c iv ilia n la b o r f o r c e f o r

n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l w o r k e r s b y in d u s tr y , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n tin u e d

(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Transportation, com­
munica­
Nondurable tions, and
public
goods
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

Cities:
Los Angeles........................................
M ilwaukee...........................................
New York ............................................
Philadelphia ........................................
Phoenix................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio........................................
San D ieg o ...........................................
San Francisco....................................

6.2
9.4
6.2
6.4
5.9
8.3
5.8
4.9
4.9

6.9
10.0
7.2
7.5
6.5
9.5
7.4
5.7
5.3

10.4
(*)
15.1
(*)
8.9
O
(*)
(*)
0

6.5
13.4
9.6
14.1
4.7
(6)
ft
6.0
ft

6.1
8.6
13.5
10.8
2.8
ft
(6)
3.3
0

1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
3 Includes mining.
4 Excludes private household workers.
s All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Defini­




7.0

3.5

ft
7.9
16.6
(6)
(6)
ft
(6)
ft

ft
5.3
3.8
ft
(6)
(6)
(6)
ft

8.7
7.3
9.0
10.0
6.6

ft
3.4
3.6
8.7

2.8

(6)
7.1
5.2
6.6

(6)
ft
0
4.9

7.2
8.8
6.2
4.3
6.4
8.1
6.8
5.8
6.0

4.0
ft
2.8
2.8
2.6
ft
1.9
2.5
4.4

tions’'.
6 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
7 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

121

T a b le

27.

S e le c t e d

s e x , ra c e , a n d

m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s a n d c itie s : P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d

c iv ilia n s in n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l i n d u s t r ie s b y

H is p a n ic o r ig in , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s

Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

24.3
15.5
15.3
23.7
19.2
21.7
28.3
21.3
25.0
21.5
12.6
18.4
22.8
11.7
27.6

19.0
7.9
9.1
11.8
14.2
12.7
11.2
12.1
14.7
14.5
7.9
12.4
17.2
7.5
23.1

5.4
7.7
6.2
11.9
5.0
9.1
17.1
9.2
10.3
7.0
4.7
6.1
5.6
4.2
4.5

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

TOTAL

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A .............
A tlan ta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A .............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ............................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas C ity........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Mem phis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans......................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco P M S A ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

1,117
1,287
1,041
658
1,445
483
531
2,829
646
825
626
1,844
409
953
1,874

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.3
81.0
73.9
83.3
82.0
78.4
86.4
83.0
.81.6
80.8
75,4
81.8
81.1
77.8
82.8

491

100.0

81.1

6.2

11.5

8.2

561
1,504
583
767
3,720
451
408
834
638
1,206
1,282
523
3,540
912

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

80.8
80.7
77.6
77.8
79.9
82.9
79.5
80.4
80.5
81.3
77.6
77.3
76.0
82.2

4.1
5.7
5.3
5.7
3.9
3.4
5.2
6.5
2.0
4.2
5.9
5.7
3.4
4.8

23.8
11.0
18.2
17.5
24.4
22.5
15.3
11.4
23.6
22.0
15.6
9.6
13.3
20.7

19.6
5.8
12.0
8.3
16.2
13.2
6.8
5.1
18.4
14.3
9.9
6.5
4.2
10.0

532
951
467
2,158
901
944
566

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

73.2
76.5
70.6
80.0
80.9
81.1
75.5

8.9
5.0
4.0
5.4
10.7
4.8
3.3

14.3
15.9
10.5
18.7
15.1
15.6
15.5

11.4
9.9
6.7
9.9
12.0
11.6
11.8

552
845
461
566
1,078
447
495
883
842
710
867
862
1,910

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.1
75.9
80.8
60.8
83.5
73.0
71.9
73.9
76.4
82.3
77.9
77.9
66.0

4.6
7.8
3.4
4.1
5.1
5.9
7.3
7.7
4.5
3.4
4.4
6.2
4.8

29.8
18.2
33.7
7.5
19.8
15.1
10.3
14.7
11.2
37.0
18.2
12.1
5.8

283
1,185
182
516
318
296
813
355
1,433
272
2,933
604
449
170
327
407
400

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

75.9
80.5
76.9
83.2
76.7
60.9
79.6
78.7
80.3
80.3
76.1
77.1
84.0
79.5
71.9
75.2
76.7

4.1
2.7
2.4
8.0
2.1
3.5
5.5
5.6
3.3
2.3
3.1
4.7
10.6
1.0
7.5
5.5
3.0

16.0
20.3
23.4
14.3
24.7
3.2
9.2
17.3
22.9
21.3
13.1
12.9
14.1
12.0
9.8
16.0
11.5

5.7
6.4
6.5
4.3
4.2
4.5
6.5
3.7
2.8
3.4
3.4
7.1
4.7
5.7
4.4

4.2
9.0
5.4
5.4
5.1
5.3
8.0
7.1
5.8
5.4
5.6
6.9
3.8
7.6
4.9

20.4
22.4
20.2
20.2
17.2
22.0
19.8
20.5
19.7
21.4
24.0
20.5
20.7
21.7
20.3

3.2

6.1

4.1
5.2
6.2
9.1
8.2
9.3
8.4
6.3
5.3
7.7
5.8
3.1
9.1
10.8

4.6
7.1
5.8
8.5
5.5
6.9
9.4
7.9
5.1
5.8
6.8
6.6
6.6
7.6

2.9
6.0
3.8
8.8
3.1
4.0
3.7

20.3
13.0
27.6
3.8
13.0
10.6
5.8
12.2
5.5
33.6
14.9
7.6
3.3

9.2
11.0
16.8
7.3
21.0
.9
5.0
10.6
14.1
18.5
3.9
5.8
10.0
6.9
5.2
13.6
4.2

7.0
6.7
5.7
8.2
8.7
5.5
6.2
8.2
5.5
6.7
8.6
9.3
5.3
7.7
5.1

19.5
20.9
20.8
21.3
27.6
19.2
17.5
22.2
22.6
22.1
21.1
18.2
23.9
21.3
20.7

10.1
11.7
21.1
10.3
12.0
16.8
8.0
11.2
13.3
13.9
18.3
10.7
13.8
14.0
12.2

24.8

9.5

23.0

12.1

14.9
22.4
20.6
19.5
17.0
21.5
22.4
23.6
20.3
21.0
20.0
21.0
14.6
17.8

14.0
8.7
7.8
7.7
6.6
7.2
6.4
7.2
7.1
7.8
8.8
6.9
12.3
9.8

19.4
20.1
19.9
18.7
22.4
21.3
20.8
23.6
22.3
20.3
20.5
24.2
25.8
21.4

12.7
11.1
15.0
14.8
11.2
10.9
15.9
11.7
13.2
13.3
16.6
16.2
16.8
12.2

4.7
7.4
4.1
5.4
5.9
4.8
6.1

22.4
19.9
21.3
17.9
21.3
22.6
20.5

5.0
7.4
6.6
6.6
6.8
6.3
8.7

18.0
20.7
20.9
25.9
20.8
25.9
21.5

21.8
16.5
20.4
13.5
11.9
11.4
13.2

9.5
5.2
6.1
3.7
6.7
4.5
4.5
2.5
5.7
3.4
3.4
4.5
2.5

4.3
5.8
3.2
5.5
6.8
6.8
4.6
3.7
8.3
4.1
5.9
5.5
5.4

17.7
21.3
17.9
22.1
21.8
21.5
22.7
19.4
17.7
15.2
21.0
23.8
15.5

7.2
5.1
4.8
6.1
6.6
5.4
6.8
7.7
11.3
4.4
7.2
7.9
7.5

18.5
17.5
17.8
15.4
23.0
17.7
19.4
20.7
23.2
18.2
21.0
22.1
27.1

13.1
16.2
12.7
27.6
12.0
18.9
19.0
17.4
14.6
9.1
13.6
13.8
29.0

6.8
9.3
6.6
7.0
3.7
2.3
4.1
6.7
8.8
2.8
9.2
7.1
4.1
5.1
4.6
2.5
7.3

4.6
6.2
5.3
6.7
5.3
4.7
6.3
6.8
5.2
4.7
6.6
5.8
6.2
4.1
3.8
4.7
7.8

20.1
18.1
19.8
19.4
17.9
11.9
23.4
19.9
17.0
20.6
14.5
16.8
21.3
22.5
23.3
18.1
16.7

5.3
8.3
5.4
10.5
4.1
5.2
8.5
8.3
7.2
8.0
12.8
6.0
8.9
6.1
7.1
8.7
13.1

26.0
24.9
19.9
22.6
22.4
32.3
21.8
20.7
24.6
23.3
26.1
30.9
22.9
33.8
20.2
22.0
24.6

20.5
13.7
19.7
10.1
18.0
33.8
11.2
15.1
9.7
13.8
16.8
16.4
9.5
18.0
19.7
18.4
14.8

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
D allas..................................................
D etroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
M ilwaukee..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Lou is.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco ..................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




122

T a b le 2 7 .

S e le c te d

s e x , ra c e , a n d

m e t r o p o lit a n

a re a s an d

c itie s : P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d

c iv ilia n s in n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l in d u s t r ie s b y

H is p a n ic o r ig in , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n tin u e d

Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Transportation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Govern­
ment

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

30.0
18.5
18.6
25.7
24.4
29.5
31.1
25.8
32.7
29.0
17.1
21.7
30.3
15.5
37.9

23.9
10.6
12.6
13.4
19.0
17.1
15.6
15.7
20.6
20.6
11.1
15.2
24.4
10.8
32.9

6.1
7.9
6.0
12.3
5.5
12.5
15.4
10.1
12.2
8.4
6.0
6.6
5.9
4.7
5.0

4.4
11.1
6.5
6.4
6.1
6.6
10.9
8.6
8.0
6.7
7.4
8.3
4.8
8.6
5.8

19.5
22.2
21.2
20.2
17.3
20.3
19.3
19.9
19.6
20.2
23.6
19.5
19.4
21.2
17.6

4.1
4.2
2.8
6.7
5.8
4.2
4.0
5.1
3.1
5.4
6.3
5.7
4.1
5.7
3.1

15.2
16.7
14.2
17.0
20.3
10.9
10.6
16.8
15.9
15.8
15.0
14.6
13.2
15.5
13.7

7.8
8.1
19.1
9.3
11.2
14.4
5.7
10.1
10.0
11.1
16.0
9.3
13.9
12.7
8.9

Services3

Men

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A ............
A tlan ta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ..........
Chartotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati P M S A ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ............................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity.......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York P M S A ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

658
712
575
374
753
263
289
1,586
368
458
331
1,048
218
519
1,063

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.0
83.3
74.7
83.2
81.1
79.1
86.7
82.5
84.1
82.9
75.6
82.5
79.6
78.3
85.1

8.7
10.5
11.2
7.1
7.2
7.3
10.8
6.1
4.5
5.4
5.9
11.2
7.7
9.4
7.0

272

100.0

81.6

9.3

14.5

11.1

3.4

7.5

25.6

5.3

19.4

9.4

301
859
319
427
2,145
262
221
475
361
663
732
302
1,970
508

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

79.8
82.4
80.1
79.0
79.9
83.9
79.3
81.8
79.9
82.0
77.8
76.9
74.6
82.2

6.8
8.8
9.7
9.3
6.0
4.6
8.1
10.8
3.4
7.1
9.7
9.8
5.6
7.7

30.5
15.7
23.6
20.9
28.1
29.0
17.2
12.4
32.1
26.8
18.2
12.7
12.5
23.7

27.0
8.1
16.1
11.0
20.0
19.0
8.6
6.7
26.1
17.8
12.6
8.3
5.1
11.8

3.5
7.6
7.6
9.9
8.1
10.0
8.6
5.7
6.0
9.0
5.7
4.4
7.4
11.9

4.5
8.2
7.9
11.5
6.3
9.3
10.8
9.1
6.1
6.6
8.4
9.5
8.0
9.3

13.9
21.7
19.1
18.8
16.9
19.4
23.9
24.6
19.3
21.4
18.9
17.7
15.7
18.4

8.6
6.4
4.9
5.7
4.4
4.1
4.7
6.7
4.2
6.0
6.6
5.6
11.3
7.9

15.3
14.9
14.8
12.4
18.0
17.5
14.6
18.0
14.7
14.1
15.8
17.9
21.4
14.9

11.8
8.6
12.6
12.7
9.4
8.5
15.2
8.6
12.8
12.2
15.0
14.7
16.1
10.6

282
514
241
1,193
508
522
300

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

74.0
78.0
68.0
78.7
82.9
80.5
76.1

15.0
8.4
6.8
8.9
17.4
7.8
5.1

21.5
19.9
13.3
23.1
17.8
20.9
18.2

18.1
12.5
8.3
13.4
14.4
16.6
13.5

3.4
7.4
5.0
9.7
3.4
4.3
4.7

5.1
9.0
5.6
7.4
6.9
6.5
7.4

18.9
18.7
21.8
16.9
20.5
20.7
21.8

3.3
5.6
3.5
4.7
4.8
4.0
6.3

10.2
16.1
12.6
17.6
15.0
19.2
17.3

21.1
14.6
19.7
13.3
8.6
10.8
10.3

290
475
259
313
581
263
284
482
475
401
489
458
1,004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

79.9
76.2
81.9
60.7
85.4
74.2
71.3
75.7
75.5
83.3
78.8
77.2
65.1

7.9
12.2
4.7
7.4
8.7
9.2
11.3
12.4
7.0
5.4
7.3
9.5
8.3

32.5
23.0
42.8
10.2
25.5
18.7
13.7
18.1
12.7
44.1
24.5
15.4
7.4

22.9
17.5
35.9
5.2
17.7
13.3
8.9
15.3
7.1
39.9
20.8
10.1
4.5

9.5
5.5
6.9
5.0
7.8
5.3
4.8
2.7
5.6
4.2
3.7
5.3
2.9

5.7
8.0
3.9
7.6
9.2
7.7
4.9
3.9
9.3
3.8
6.5
7.0
6.5

17.1
18.9
16.7
22.3
21.2
18.8
20.8
18.0
17.9
15.3
19.3
23.4
15.9

4.2
3.7
3.4
2.0
5.0
3.8
3.8
4.5
8.5
2.9
5.3
6.1
6.0

12.5
10.1
10.4
10.7
15.1
15.1
15.9
18.9
19.9
11.9
15 7
15.5
21.1

13.6
14.5
9.5
25.2
9.6
17.8
17.4
14.4
13 9
6.7
12 2
12.2
29.5

143
642
93
286
165
149
453
192
824
150
1,634
326
251
79
188
227
234

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.2
78.7
81.5
84.6
80.3
64.1
80.8
79.1
80.7
80.0
74.8
73.8
85.1
84.6
71.5
78.7
77.1

7.9
4.7
4.4
12.9
3.7
6.4
8.7
10.2
5.3
3.7
5.1
8.1
17.9
2.3
12.2
9.1
5.0

21.1
24.4
34.2
16.0
34.1
3.9
13.1
22.9
26.2
28.6
11.9
16.6
17.0
16.5
13.1
20.7
12.2

14.6
14.6
27.1
8.6
28.9
1.2
7.1
14.7
17.8
25.1
4.7
8.8
12.6
11.1
7.9
17.5
5.9

6.5
9.8
7.1
7.5
5.2
2.7
5.9
8.2
8.4
3.4
7.2
7.9
4.4
5.4
5.2
3.2
6.3

6.1
7.8
6.9
7.6
5.3
6.2
71
9.4
5.5
6.1
8.1
7.7
7.8
6.1
3.7
5.6
8.2

24.2
18.9
19.9
20.0
18.0
13.6
24 3
17.9
18.0
20.3
15.9
16.3
19.4
22.8
21.1
17.5
19.2

1.9
4.7
3.9
6.3
1.8
5.5
6.2
4.9
4.8
6.0
12.1
3.8
6.3
9.2
4.0
5.6
9.5

20.0
18.1
11.4
20.0
17.5
28.5
17 0
13.9
20.6
15.3
21.6
21.3
16.6
27.8
17.0
20.2
22.9

13.8
13.6
14.2
7.4
13.1
29.0
ft ft

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland...........................................
D allas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Indianapolis.......................................
Los Angeles......................................
M ilwaukee.........................................
New Y o rk ..........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco..................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




123

14.1
7.1
13.1
16.1
18.1
6.5
14.0
18.0
14.5
14.7

T a b le 2 7 .

S e le c te d

s e x , ra c e , a n d

m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s a n d

c itie s : P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f e m p l o y e d c iv ilia n s in n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l in d u s t r ie s b y

H is p a n ic o r ig in , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n t in u e d

Total employed’

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

Women

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana P M S A ............
A tlan ta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ..........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ............................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity .......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Mem phis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New O rleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark P M S A ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s .............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Lou is.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

459
575
466
285
692
220
242
1,243
279
367
296
796
191
433
810

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

80.3
78.2
73.0
83.5
82.9
77.5
86.0
83.7
78.3
78.3
75.3
80.9
82.8
77.2
79.9

1.4
1.3
.8
.8
.9
1.1
1.3
.6
.7
.8
.6
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.0

16.1
11.8
11.2
21.1
13.5
12.4
24.9
15.5
14.8
12.1
7.6
14.1
14.2
7.1
14.0

11.9
4.5
4.8
9.8
9.1
7.4
5.9
7.4
7.0
6.9
4.3
8.7
8.9
3.6
10.2

4.2
7.4
6.4
11.3
4.4
5.0
19.0
8.1
7.8
5.2
3.3
5.4
5.3
3.5
3.8

4.0
6.4
3.9
4.0
3.9
3.6
4.4
5.1
2.9
3.8
3.5
5.0
2.7
6.5
3.6

21.8
22.7
19.0
20.2
17.1
24.0
20.5
21.1
19.8
22.9
24.4
21.9
22.1
22.3
23.7

11.2
9.8
9.3
10.3
11.8
7.1
8.9
12.1
8.6
8.4
11.2
14.0
6.6
10.2
7.7

25.7
26.2
28.9
27.0
35.6
29.2
25.8
29.1
31.5
29.9
27.9
23.1
36.0
28.2
29.9

13.4
16.0
23.6
11.6
12.8
19.6
10.7
12.7
17.6
17.3
20.9
12.4
13.6
15.5
16.6

219

100.0

80.4

2.3

7.8

4.7

3.1

4.4

23.9

14.7

27.4

15.5

259
646
264
340
1,575
190
186
359
277
543
550
221
1,570
404

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.0
78.4
74.6
76.4
79.9
81.5
79.7
78.5
81.2
80.3
77.5
77.8
77.7
82.3

.9
1.5
.1
1.1
1.0
1.7
1.8
.9
.2
.8
.7
(*)
.7
1.1

16.0
4.6
11.6
13.1
19.4
13.5
13.0
10.1
12.5
16.2
12.2
5.3
14.3
17.1

11.1
2.7
7.1
4.9
10.9
5.2
4.7
3.1
8.3
10.1
6.3
3.9
3.1
7.7

4.9
2.0
4.5
8.2
8.4
8.4
8.2
7.0
4.2
6.1
5.8
1.4
11.2
9.3

4.7
5.7
3.2
4.8
4.5
3.6
7.8
6.4
3.9
4.7
4.6
2.7
4.8
5.5

16.0
23.3
22.3
20.5
17.1
24.4
20.7
22.4
21.6
20.6
21.4
25.5
13.2
17.1

20.3
11.8
11.4
10.2
9.5
11.5
8.4
7.9
10.7
10.0
11.7
8.7
13.5
12.1

24.2
26.9
26.1
26.6
28.4
26.6
28.1
30.9
32.2
27.9
26.8
32.8
31.3
29.4

13.7
14.6
17.7
17.5
13.8
14.2
16.7
15.6
13.7
14.6
18.8
18.2
17.7
14.3

251
437
226
965
394
422
266

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

72.4
74.7
73.4
81.7
78.3
81.8
74.8

2.0
1.1
1.1
1.2
2.1
1.1
1.2

6.3
11.2
7.5
13.2
11.5
9.2
12.4

4.0
6.7
5.1
5.5
8.8
5.4
9.8

2.3
4.5
2.5
7.7
2.7
3.7
2.5

4.1
5.5
2.6
3.0
4.7
2.8
4.6

26.3
21.4
20.8
19.2
22.3
24.9
19.0

6.8
9.4
9.8
8.9
9.4
9.0
11.5

26.8
26.1
29.7
36.1
28.4
34.2
26.2

22.5
18.8
21.1
13.8
16.2
12.1
16.6

262
370
202
254
496
184
211
401
367
309
379
403
907

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.5
75.5
79.4
61.0
81.2
71.1
72.6
71.7
77.5
81.1
76.7
78.6
66.9

.9
2.2
1.6
(5)
.9
1.3
1.9
2.1
1.3
.9
.7
2.4
.9

26.8
12.1
21.9
4.2
13.0
9.9
5.7
10.7
9.3
27.6
10.1
8.4
4.1

17.4
7.3
16.9
2.1
7.6
6.7
1.7
8.3
3.4
25.3
7.1
4.8
1.9

9.4
4.7
5.1
2.1
5.4
3.2
4.1
2.3
5.9
2.4
2.9
3.6
2.2

2.8
2.9
2.3
2.8
4.1
5.4
4.2
3.4
6.9
4.5
5.2
3.9
4.2

18.4
24.4
19.5
21.8
22.6
25.3
25.3
21.0
17.5
15.2
23.2
24.3
15.0

10.4
6.9
6.7
11.2
8.4
7.7
11.0
11.5
14.9
6.4
9.7
10.0
9.0

25.2
27.1
27.3
21.1
32.2
21.4
24.1
22.9
27.6
26.4
27.8
29.6
33.7

12.6
18.3
16.8
30.6
14.9
20.4
21.1
21.1
15.6
12.2
15.2
15.6
28.5

140
543
89
230
153
147
360
163
609
122
1,299
278
198
91
139
181
166

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

70.5
82.7
72.1
81.4
72.7
57.6
78.1
78.2
79.8
80.6
77.8
81.0
82.5
75.1
72.4
70.7
76.3

.1
.2
.3
1.9
.5
.6
1.6
.2
.6
.6
.5
.6
1.3
<5)
1.2
1.0
.1

10.8
15.4
12.2
12.2
14.5
2.5
4.2
10.8
18.5
12.4
14.6
8.5
10.4
8.1
5.4
10.2
10.5

3.6
6.7
6.2
5.8
12.4
.5
2.4
5.8
9.1
10.4
2.8
2.4
6.7
3.3
1.6
8.5
1.8

7.2
8.7
6.1
6.4
2.1
2.0
1.9
5.0
9.4
2.0
11.8
6.2
3.7
4.8
3.8
1.6
8.7

3.0
4.3
3.6
5.7
5.4
3.2
5.3
3.8
4.8
2.9
4.6
3.6
4.3
2.3
3.9
3.6
7.2

15.8
17.2
19.8
18.7
17.9
10.3
22.4
22.3
15.7
21.1
12.6
17.3
23.7
22.3
26.3
18.8
13.3

8.7
12.6
6.9
15.8
6.7
4.9
11.4
12.3
10.4
10.4
13.7
8.7
12.1
3.5
11.2
12.6
18.3

32.1
32.8
28.7
25.8
27.7
36.2
27.8
28.8
29.8
33.2
31.7
42.3
30.8
38.9
24.4
24.3
26.9

27.3
13.9
25.4
13.4
23.3
38.6
14.4
16.2
13.3
14.7
17.7
14.3
13.3
21,4
22.0
23.4
14.9

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
C hicago..............................................
Cleveland...........................................
Dallas..................................................
D etroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
M ilwaukee..........................................
New Y o rk ...........................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco ...................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




124

T a b le

27.

S e le c t e d

s e x , ra c e , a n d

m e tr o p o lita n

a r e a s a n d c itie s : P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f e m p lo y e d

c i v il i a n s in n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l in d u s t r ie s b y

H is p a n ic o r ig in , 1 9 8 6 a n n u a l a v e r a g e s — C o n t in u e d

Total employed'

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

23.4
14.0
14.8
23.4
19.3
21.4
27.7
21.9
26.5
22.5
13.0
18.0
22.9
11.5
27.7

18.0
7.5
9.6
11.9
14.3
12.5
11.5
12.4
15.8
15.1 ’
8.1
12.3
17.3
7.3
23.2

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

White

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana PM S A ............
A tlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ....................
Boston P M S A ...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ..........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago P M S A .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland P M S A ..............................
Columbus, O h io ................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ....................
Detroit P M S A ....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach P M S A ............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ...........................................
Houston P M S A .................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Kansas C ity.......................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville............................................
Memphis............................................
Miami-Hialeah P M S A .......................
Milwaukee P M S A .............................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York P M S A ..............................
Newark PMSA ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s ............................................
Oakland P M S A .................................
Oklahoma C ity ..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A ....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M S A ...........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester..........................................
Sacramento.......................................
St. Louis .............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San D ie g o ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose P M S A ...............................
Seattle P M S A ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

1,028
962
794
603
1,332
452
419
2,251
571
695
551
1,565
370
875
1,581

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.4
81.7
74.9
82.9
82.3
78.7
86.2
84.7
83.9
82.5
76.2
82.2
81.9
78.2
83.9

6.1
7.6
7.7
4.5
4.3
4.6
7.1
4.1
2.9
3.8
3.7
7.6
4.8
5.7
4.9

435

100.0

81.7

6.1

11.2

512
1,212
506
642
3,029
411
274
680
575
1,142
1,185
361
2,587
736

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.4
82.2
78.7
78.8
81.0
84.4
81.5
83.0
80.6
81.5
78.5
80.9
76.2
82.8

4.3
5.7
5.4
5.8
4.4
3.5
5.4
6.2
2.2
4.2
6.1
5.8
3.9
5.2

24.2
11.4
18.3
17.1
25.9
23.0
13.7
11.7
23.4
21.9
15.9
10.5
13.3
20.6

328
742
422
1,806
858
883
526

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

73.6
77.8
71.1
81.6
81.2
80.8
75.4

9.5
6.0
4.3
5.7
10.8
5.1
3.5

14.1
16.0
10.2
19.3
14.8
15.7
15.1

534
788
430
503
944
430
462
805
637
586
777
752
1,391

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.2
76.2
80.6
62.4
84.0
73.2
72.0
74.6
76.5
82.2
78.0
78.9
68.2

4.6
8.0
3.5
4.3
5.6
5.9
7.6
8.2
5.1
4.0
4.6
6.6
5.3

127
756
104
368
96
99
596
281
1,116
215
2,043
387
417
101
306
359
274

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

80.1
84.0
82.1
84.5
80.0
65.2
81.8
80.7
81.7
80.5
76.3
80.2
84.8
80.2
71.6
75.9
76.9

5.4
2.9
3.4
9.5
3.6
2.4
5.7
5.8
3.9
2.9
3.5
4.8
10.6
1.5
7.8
5.9
3.3

5.4
6.6
5.2
11.5
5.0
8.9
16.2
9.5
10.7
7.4
4.8
5.6
5.7
4.2
4.5

4.4
8.7
5.4
5.3
5.2
5.2
7.8
6.8
5.8
5.6
5.8
6.5
3.9
7.6
4.7

20.7
24.0
21.3
20.7
17.3
23.2
19.5
21.4
20.6
22.4
24.4
20.6
21.6
21.9
20.6

7.4
7.3
6.0
8.2
8.9
5.8
6.8
8.6
5.6
7.1
8.8
9.9
5.3
8.0
5.3

19.3
20.1
19.7
20.6
27.3
18.5
17.3
21.8
22.3
20.8
20.3
18.2
23.5
21.5
20.6

10.0
9.9
19.2
10.4
11.3
16.3
7.2
9.3
10.8
11.7
17.1
9.6
12.6
13.2
11.0

7.7

3.5

6.2

25.1

10.0

23.1

11.6

20.0
6.4
12.1
8.1
16.9
13.8
5.6
5.0
18.0
14.0
10.1
7.6
4.4
10.0

4.2
5.0
6.2
9.0
9.0
9.2
8.1
6.7
5.4
7.8
5.8
2.9
8.9
10.7

4.6
7.6
5.8
9.0
5.3
6.7
10.7
8.0
5.3
5.9
6.9
7.0
6.6
7.3

15.4
21.3
21.0
20.1
17.0
22.2
21.8
24.8
20.4
21.1
20.4
21.2
14.7
17.7

12.9
10.2
7.9
8.0
6.4
7.>
6.9
8.1
6.9
7.9
9.1
8.2
12.8
10.3

19.8
19.9
20.2
18.6
21.7
21.9
22.9
24.1
22.3
20.3
20.0
24.2
24.8
21.6

11.8
9.4
13.5
13.0
9.9
8.8
14.1
8.9
12.9
13.1
16.0
10.7
15.5
11.1

11.1
9.7
6.6
10.3
11.7
11.7
11.4

3.0
6.3
3.6
8.9
3.1
4.0
3.7

4.7
7.4
4.2
5.5
5.8
4.9
6.2

21.1
19.6
21.5
18.9
21.6
23.2
20.6

6.1
6.8
6.7
6.9
7.0
6.0
8.6

18.0
21.8
20.9
25.2
20.9
24.9
21.4

19.2
14.4
19.8
11.5
11.4
11.3
12.8

29.9
17.3
32.7
8.0
20.1
14.5
10.7
14.6
10.6
33.9
18.5
11.7
6.6

20.2
12.3
26.6
4.2
13.3
10.2
6.1
12.0
5.4
30.2
15.2
7.8
3.9

9.6
5.0
6.1
3.8
6.8
4.3
4.6
2.5
5.2
3.7
3.3
3.9
2.7

4.2
5.7
3.1
4.6
7.1
7.0
4.5
3.6
7.9
4.5
5.7
5.3
5.2

18.0
21.8
18.5
23.2
22.0
21.8
23.0
19.2
16.6
16.1
21.5
24.4
15.6

7.0
5.1
5.1
6.7
6.9
5.6
6.7
7.9
11.0
4.6
7.4
8.4
7.6

18.3
18.0
17.6
15.2
21.9
17.9
18.7
21.2
25.2
19.1
20.2
22.2
27.9

13.0
15.9
12.8
25.9
11.1
18.7
18.7
16.3
13.3
8.6
13.0
12.0
26.3

16.3
23.1
28.5
12.9
21.8
4.7
9.6
17.3
25.1
19.8
13.2
13.5
13.6
13.1
10.3
15.8
11.0

10.4
13.0
22.1
6.4
17.2
1.1
5.6
10.3
15.3
17.0
4.1
5.9
9.4
6.6
5.5
13.2
4.8

5.9
10.0
6.3
6.5
4.5
3.6
3.9
7.0
9.8
2.7
9.0
7.5
4.2
6.5
4.8
2.6
6.3

6.0
5.7
5.4
5.8
5.0
3.1
6.7
7.3
4.8
5.0
6.5
6.0
5.9
4.7
3.5
4.4
7.0

22.0
18.3
21.6
19.2
18.5
8.6
21.6
20.3
17.1
22.1
14.6
18.2
22.0
22.5
23.9
17.9
14.1

6.9
9.2
6.5
11.6
4.2
5.9
10.8
8.6
7.2
7.8
13.5
7.1
9.4
6.0
6.9
9.2
13.9

23.4
24.9
15.7
23.5
26.9
40.5
21.6
21.4
23.6
23.0
25.1
30.6
23.1
32.3
19.0
22.7
27.4

14.1
9.7
13.3
7.6
11.8
26.0
8.5
12.3
7.7
13.0
15.4
12.5
8.3
16.8
19.8
16.9
12.8

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
Chicago..............................................
C leveland...........................................
D allas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Colum bia.........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis.......................................
Los Angeles......................................
M ilwaukee.........................................
New York ..........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Lou is.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San D ie g o .........................................
San Francisco..................................
S ee footnotes at end of table.




125

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
Services3
and real
estate

Govern­
ment

Black

Metropolitan areas:4
A tlanta...........................................
Baltimore........................................
Bergen-Passaic PM SA ..................
Boston PMSA................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock H ill.........
Chicago PM SA..............................
Cincinnati PMSA ...........................
Cleveland PM SA...........................
Columbus, O hio.............................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..............
Dayton-Springfield.........................
Denver-Boulder CM SA..................
Detroit PMSA.................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA...........
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA........................................
Houston PMSA..............................
Indianapolis....................................
Kansas C ity....................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.........................................
Memphis.........................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.....................
Milwaukee PM SA..........................
Nassau-Suffolk PM SA...................
New Orleans..................................
New York PM SA...........................
Newark PM SA...............................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N ew s.........................................
Oakland PMSA..............................
Philadelphia P M SA........................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
St. Lou is.........................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C..............................

311
228
37
81
103
469
72
115
71
249
37
56
258

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

78.4
70.5
88.2
74.8
86.2
74.5
62.8
72.0
68.5
79.6
71.9
69.4
76.3

2.9
2.9
1.9
2.8
4.5
2.1
2.1
1.2
.6
3.1
3.6
3.4
1.4

19.9
16.3
27.2
16.1
28.4
17.3
14.0
15.3
9.4
18.8
19.8
8.7
25.9

8.6
7.5
8.6
12.8
10.2
9.8
6.8
10.9
5.2
10.9
17.0
4.5
22.2

11.3
8.8
18.6
3.3
18.2
7.6
7.3
4.4
4.2
8.0
2.7
4.2
3.8

10.0
5.8
5.5
4.6
9.2
9.6
6.1
4.9
3.2
10.2
3.5
10.8
6.1

17.6
16.5
14.4
13.6
21.0
15.6
11.9
17.3
21.3
21.5
11.4
19.0
17.8

4.8
4.7
7.4
5.4
4.4
6.7
4.8
5.2
6.9
5.9
5.1
4.3
4.6

23.2
24.1
31.9
32.3
18.7
23.1
23.9
27.6
27.0
19.2
28.6
22.0
20.5

17.6
28.1
10.1
23.9
12.0
21.5
33.6
25.9
28.2
16.4
25.7
28.6
20.1

50

100.0

73.6

7.6

15.9

14.2

1.7

5.9

19.8

4.7

19.7

18.4

42
230
66
114
336
39
123
146
58
75
151
735
161

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

74.7
74.2
71.6
73.1
70.7
66.0
77.6
68.5
79.2
66.6
68.2
72.2
79.1

2.5
5.5
5.4
5.3
1.3
2.5
5.3
8.2
.3
2.8
5.7
2.2
3.2

17.0
8.7
18.4
19.4
15.2
17.4
19.8
10.3
27.3
12.9
7.7
11.1
21.0

16.1
2.4
12.2
9.1
11.7
6.5
10.1
5.9
23.0
7.6
3.9
3.5
10.1

.8
6.3
6.2
10.3
3.4
10.9
9.6
4.5
4.3
5.3
3.8
7.6
10.8

5.4
6.1
5.6
6.1
8.0
9.5
7.3
8.3
3.6
6.3
5.6
6.7
9.0

9.7
26.5
17.6
16.4
13.8
11.9
22.6
17.5
17.5
17.3
19.8
11.4
18.2

25.8
2.8
69
6.7
6.1
8.7
5.8
3.1
8.2
4.7
3.7
10.9
6.7

14.4
22.0
17.6
19.1
26.3
16.0
16.8
20.8
22.4
22.6
23.5
29.9
21.0

23.8
21.4
26.2
23.8
22.9
34.0
20.8
24.7
16.2
28.6
29.2
24.3
17.8

192
104
327
54
129
101
449

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

71.7
62.6
71.7
85.5
79.3
71.9
57.4

7.8
1.8
4.0
.5
1.7
3.1
3.9

14.4
12.3
15.1
15.7
17.9
14.0
3.2

11.6
10.4
7.2
10.9
11.6
5.3
1.2

2.9
1.9
7.9
4.8
6.3
8.7
1.9

4.9
7.6
5.0
5.0
5.4
8.2
6.5

23.9
18.8
12.7
12.7
19.9
19.8
12.7

2.4
8.5
5.0
10.4
4.4
4.8
6.6

18.3
12.9
29.8
40.5
30.0
21.9
24.6

26.7
33.5
24.8
14.3
19.0
26.2
39.2

154
368
77
143
216
189
176
65
170
54
686
207
68

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

72.8
73.0
70.1
79.9
76.1
58.0
74.2
71.2
70.9
78.6
72.6
72.1
78.5

2.9
2.2
1.1
3.2
1.6
4.2
4.8
5.4
1.3
(5)
2.3
4.6
.3

15.9
14.9
16.1
17.4
26.2
2.5
7.9
18.3
10.8
28.0
10.7
11.6
10.1

8.3
7.4
9.6
8.9
22.9
.7
2.3
12.1
8.4
24.7
3.1
5.7
7.5

7.6
7.5
6.5
8.5
3.3
1.8
5.6
6.1
2.4
3.3
7.6
5.9
2.6

3.4
7.9
5.2
9.4
5.7
5.7
5.8
5.7
8.6
3.8
7.0
5.4
3.3

18.4
16.4
17.8
20.5
18.1
12.4
28.4
17.9
14.0
14.5
11.3
13.9
23.0

4.0
6.9
4.0
7.6
4.2
4.9
2.7
7.0
6.0
8.8
11.3
3.9
6.4

28.2
24.8
26.0
20.6
20.4
28.2
22.7
16.9
30.2
23.5
29.9
32.7
35.4

25.9
22.8
28.4
16.5
20.5
38.6
21.2
26.5
20.8
17.4
24.0
24.0
19.7

188
61
28
241
219
71
204
1,083
408
61
619
58
82
33
108

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.1
93.0
83.0
93.4
89.8
81.0
85.1
86.7
84.7
88.3
82.9
88.0
81.8
84.4
91.5

7.8
2.1
1.8
2.0
19.8
9.1
9.2
4.7
7.5
4.6
3.2
5.2
6.1
6.8
15.5

34.9
47.2
20.4
39.7
27.0
18.7
13.5
38.0
15.1
27.6
21.8
39.8
25.3
22.7
22.9

23.3
27.6
8.1
25.1
16.7
11.1
8.1
21.3
6.5
20.7
6.3
17.7
18.1
10.8
15.0

11.6
19.6
12.3
14.6
10.3
7.6
5.4
16.7
8.6
6.9
15.5
22.1
7.2
11.9
7.8

2.3
2.8
4.1
5.9
5.6
4.5
7.8
4.7
6.6
4.4
4.3
8.8
5.6
7.3
3.1

19.9
12.1
23.9
22.9
15.4
28.1
23.6
18.3
26.3
20.4
18.6
15.9
24.2
11.3
25.8

2.2
5.8
5.3
5.7
5.4
4.5
8.4
3.6
6.4
9.4
11.8
6.4
4.5
3.5
4.4

15.9
23.0
27.4
17.3
15.7
14.6
21.3
17.3
22.7
21.9
23.2
12.0
16.1
32.8
19.9

10.3
2.7
13.3
4.2
5.9
12.1
9.5
8.0
5.8
8.5
12.7
7.1
14.4
9.0
6.5

Cities:
Baltimore........................................
Chicago..........................................
Cleveland .......................................
D allas.............................................
D etroit............................................
District of Columbia.......................
Houston..........................................
Indianapolis....................................
Los Angeles...................................
Milwaukee......................................
New Y o rk .......................................
Philadelphia....................................
St. Louis.........................................
Hispanic origin

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA...........
Bergen-Passaic PM SA ..................
Boston PM SA................................
Chicago PM SA..............................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..............
Denver-Boulder C M SA..................
Houston PMSA..............................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.....................
Nassau-Suffolk PM SA...................
New York PM SA ...........................
Newark PM SA ...............................
Oakland PMSA..............................
Philadelphia P M SA........................
Phoenix...........................................
S e e footnotes at end of table.




126

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1986 annual averages—Continued
Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Transportation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

H ispa nic o rig in — C o n tin u e d

M e tro p o lita n areas :4

Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Salt Lake City-Ogden ....................
San Antonio...................................
San D iego......................................
San Francisco PMSA ....................
San Jose PMSA............................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C..............................

154
23
220
106
91
95
43
48

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.3
75.8
72.2
80.6
79.1
81.1
71.2
70.2

10.7
6.3
9.0
9.0
6.1
7.1
3.3
5.3

25.5
23.3
11.8
18.5
12.4
32.7
14.5
.5

17.0
14.6
6.5
14.5
4.5
25.7
6.9
.3

8.4
8.6
5.3
4.0
7.9
6.9
7.5
.2

5.3
9.1
5.0
3.0
8.7
4.4
4.7
2.4

17.7
15.3
25.8
24.0
18.9
19.6
27.6
18.4

5.4
1.2
4.0
6.6
7.7
.3
2.0
5.1

16.8
20.7
16.4
19.5
24.8
17.1
19.2
38.5

13.2
17.2
20.6
16.6
14.0
10.2
23.6
27.1

168
79
11
139
416
579
68
180
53
58

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

93.9
91.1
63.5
88.1
88.9
82.6
94.2
71.8
81.0
76.9

1.9
24.7
10.0
11.1
4.3
3.3
12.1
9.4
5.9
5.3

40.8
18.3
1.6
12.2
39.4
21.9
20.4
10.9
19.5
13.6

25.4
8.3
.8
8.5
20.2
6.3
10.4
5.8
17.1
4.3

15.4
10.0
.9
3.8
19.2
15.6
10.0
5.1
2.5
9.3

5.5
6.1
1.1
7.5
4.0
4.1
4.9
3.6
1.9
8.4

19.5
11.1
18.4
25.8
19.2
18.6
29.2
27.4
23.9
17.9

6.6
6.4
4.6
9.6
4.4
11.6
5.9
3.6
6.9
4.7

19.6
23.8
27.7
20.9
17.7
23.0
21.7
16.9
22.9
27.0

3.8
5.5
28.2
5.7
5.9
13.4
2.8
20.5
16.7
16.8

Cities:

Chicago.........................................
D allas.............................................
District of Columbia ......................
Houston.........................................
Los Angeles...................................
New York ......................................
Phoenix..........................................
San Antonio...................................
San D iego.....................................
San Francisco ...............................

1 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
5 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.
2 Includes mining.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
3 Excludes private household workers.
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
4 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentMetropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
(PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “ Geographic Boundary Definitotals because data for the “ other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are
tions” .
included in both the white and black population groups.




127

Appendix A.
Concepts and Definitions
of Data Derived from the
Current Population Survey

work, and persons on layoff. (2) Job leavers are persons who
quit or otherwise terminated their employment voluntarily
and immediately began looking for work. (3) Reentrants are
persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting 2
weeks or longer but were out of the labor force before look­
ing for work. (4) New entrants are persons who never worked
at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or longer.
The unemployment rate for all civilian workers represents
the number unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.
The civilian laborforce participation rate is the ratio of the
civilian labor force to the civilian noninstitutional population.
The civilian employment-population ratio is the percentage
of all employed civilians in the civilian noninstitutional
population.
Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours
worked during the survey week. For example, persons who
normally work 40 hours a week, but who were off on the
Columbus Day holiday, would be reported as working 32
hours even though they were paid for the holiday. For per­
sons working in more than one job, the figures relate to the
number of hours worked in all jobs during the survey week,
with all hours credited to the major job.
Persons who worked 35 hours or more in the survey week
are designated as working yh// time; correspondingly, per­
sons who worked between 1 and 34 hours are designated as
working part time. Part-time workers are classified by their
usual status at their present job (either full or part time) and
by their reason for working part time during the survey week
(economic or noneconomic). “ Economic reasons’’ include:
Slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equip­
ment, start or termination of job during the week, and in­
ability to find full-time work. Noneconomic reasons include:
Labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation, demands
of home, school, no desire for full-time work, and full-time
worker only during the peak season. Persons on full-time
schedules include, in addition to those working 35 hours or
more, those who worked from 1 to 34 hours for noneconomic
reasons and usually work full time.
The distribution of employment by hours worked relates
to persons “ at work” during the survey week. At-work data
differ from data on total employment because the latter in­
clude persons in the zero-hours-worked category, “ with a

Tables showing labor force status include provisional es­
timates of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years
and over as well as data on the civilian labor force, unem­
ployment rates, and labor force participation rates. Popula­
tion estimates are revised by the Bureau of the Census each
year, and the revised estimates are incorporated into the CPS
labor force levels. This adjustment affects the estimates of
labor force, employment, and unemployment but does not
affect percentages such as unemployment rates, participa­
tion rates, or employment-population ratios.
The civilian labor force comprises all civilians classified
as employed or unemployed in accordance with the criteria
described below.
The employed are all civilians who did any work as paid
employees or in their own business during the survey week,
or who worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an
enterprise operated by a family member. Persons temporar­
ily absent from a job because of illness, bad weather, a strike,
or for personal reasons are also counted as employed whether
they were paid by their employer or were seeking other jobs.
The unemployed are all civilians who did not work during
the survey week, made specific efforts to find a job in the
prior 4 weeks, and were available for work during the sur­
vey week (except for temporary illness). Persons waiting to
be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off, or
waiting to report to a new job within 30 days, need not be
looking for work to be classified as unemployed.
Duration of unemployment represents the length of time
(through the current survey week) during which persons
classified as unemployed have been continuously looking for
work. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment
represents the number of full weeks since the termination
of their most recent employment. A period of 2 weeks or
more during which a person was employed or ceased look­
ing for work is considered to break the continuity of the
present period of jobseeking. Duration of unemployment
measures the length of a spell of unemployment currently
in progress. Hence, it should not be confused with a com­
pleted spell of unemployment.
Reasons for unemployment are divided into four major
groups: (1) Job losers are persons whose employment end­
ed involuntarily and who immediately began looking for



128

job but not at work. ’’ Included in this latter group are per­
sons who were on vacation, ill, involved in a labor dispute,
or otherwise absent from their jobs for voluntary, noneco­
nomic reasons. These persons are classified according to
whether they usually work full or part time.
Occupational and industry data for the employed refer to
the job held during the survey week. Persons with two jobs
or more are classified according to the job in which they
worked the most hours during the survey week. The unem­
ployed are classified according to the last full-time civilian
job held for 2 weeks or more. Beginning with 1983 data,
all occupational and industry data presented in this bulletin
are coded according to the classification systems used in the
1980 census, rather than the 1970 census systems used
through 1982. While this conversion had little effect on
industry-related data, the new occupational categories are
so radically different that their implementation represents a
break in historical data series. Additional information on the
1980 census occupational and industrial classification sys­
tems appears in “ Revisions in the Current Population Sur­




129

vey Beginning in January 1983” in the February 1983 issue
of Employment and Earnings.
Race and Hispanic origin. Beginning with 1981 annual
averages, Geographic Profile presents racial data for white
and black workers. Before 1981, racial data were published
for white and “ black and other” workers. The “ other”
category consists primarily of American Indians, Alaskan
Natives, and Asians and Pacific Islanders.
Hispanic origin refers to persons who identified themselves
in the enumeration process as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban,
Central South American, or of other Hispanic origin or des­
cent. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; thus,
they are included in both the white and black population
groups.
A more detailed description of the concepts and definitions
used in this survey appears in Concepts and Methods Used in
Labor Force Statistics Derived from the Current Population
Survey (BLS Report 463) and the Explanatory Notes of the BLS
monthly publication Employment and Earnings.

Appendix B.
Sampling and Estimation
Procedures and Sampling
Error Tables

The estimates presented in this bulletin are based on an­
nual averages of monthly data obtained from the CPS—a sam­
ple survey of the civilian noninstitutional population. The
survey is conducted each month by the Bureau of the Cen­
sus for bls , and provides comprehensive data on the labor
force, the employed, and the unemployed, including such
characteristics as age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital sta­
tus, occupation, and industry. The survey also provides data
on the characteristics of those not in the labor force. The
information is collected by trained interviewers from a scien­
tifically selected sample designed to represent the civilian
noninstitutional population. Each month, about 59,500 oc­
cupied housing units are eligible for interview. Respondents
are interviewed using a standardized questionnaire to obtain
information about the employment status of each household
member 16 years of age and over. The reference period is
the calendar week, Sunday through Saturday, which includes
the 12th of the month. This is known as the survey week.
Actual field interviewing is conducted during the week which
includes the 19th of the month.
Inmates of institutions, members of the Armed Forces, and
persons under 14 years of age are not covered in the regular
monthly enumerations; data on members of the Armed
Forces and persons under 16 are excluded from the popula­
tion and labor force statistics shown in this bulletin.

are the most populated PSU’s in each State. Other strata were
formed by combining PSU’s which were similar in such
characteristics as population growth, proportion of blacks
and Hispanics, occupation/industry, and age/sex distribution.
PSU’s selected from these strata are non-self-representing,
since each one chosen represents the entire stratum.
Within each of the selected PSU’s, the number of house­
holds to be enumerated each month is determined in two
steps. First, a sample of census enumeration districts (ED’s)
is selected using the population size probability selection
procedures. ED’s are administrative units and contain, on the
average, about 300 households. Second, clusters of approx­
imately four addresses (contiguous, wherever possible) are
selected to be enumerated within each designated ED.
Part of the sample is changed, or rotated, each month. A
primary reason for rotating the sample is to minimize the lack
of cooperation which may result from interviewing a constant
panel indefinitely. Another reason for replacing households is
to reduce the cumulative effect of response biases which are
sometimes observed when the same persons are interviewed
indefinitely. The rotation plan provides for three-fourths of the
sample to be identical from one month to the next and onehalf to be identical with the same month a year earlier.

Sampling procedures

Under the estimating methods used, all of the results for
a given month become available simultaneously and are based
on returns from the entire panel of respondents. The esti­
mation procedure involves the weighting up, or inflating,
of the data from each sample person to develop estimates
for the entire population from which the sample was drawn.
The basic weights, which are the inverse of the sampling
ratios (defined as the number of sample households divided
by total households in the State), are adjusted to better reflect
the entire population, as described below.

Estimating methods

The 1986 sample encompasses 729 sample areas compris­
ing over 1,000 counties and cities, with coverage in every
State and the District of Columbia. It is based to a large ex­
tent on information about the distribution of the population
as reported in the 1980 decennial census. These areas were
selected by dividing the entire area of the United States into
1,973 primary sampling units (PSU’s). With some minor ex­
ceptions, a psu consists of a county or number of contiguous
counties. Most metropolitan areas constitute separate PSU’s.
To improve the efficiency of the sample, the 1,973 PSU’s
were grouped into strata within each State. Then, one PSU
was selected from each stratum, with the probability of selec­
tion proportionate to the population size in the PSU. PSU’s
in strata by themselves are self-representing, and generally



1.

130

Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all inter­
viewed households are inflated to account for occupied
sampled households for which no information was ob­
tained because of impassable roads, refusals, unavail­
ability of the respondent, or other reasons. The

proportion of sample households not interviewed for
these reasons generally varies from 4 to 5 percent.
2 .

a national adjustment is made by the race categories
of white, black, and other races to independent esti­
mates by age and sex. The white and black categories
contain 32 age-sex groups each while the other races
category has 6 age-sex cells.
The entire second-stage ratio estimation procedure
is iterated six times and, when completed, insures that
the adjusted sample population estimates, both for the
States and the national age-sex-race-Hispanic origin
categories, will be virtually equal to the independent
population estimates for these categories.
The monthly independent State controls for the civilian
noninstitutional population 16 years and over are based
on an arithmetic extrapolation of the trend in population
growth from the April 1, 1980, census through the July
1 provisional estimate for the current year, with all State
estimates prorated to a current estimate of the U.S. popu­
lation. A description of the methodology used to derive
the independent national age-sex-race-Hispanic origin es­
timates and State totals may be obtained from the Chief
of the Population Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census,
Washington, DC. 20233.

Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population as
estimated by the sample may differ somewhat each
month, by chance, from that of the population as a
whole in such characteristics as age, sex, ethnic origin,
and residence. Since these characteristics are closely
correlated with labor force participation and other prin­
cipal measurements made from the sample, the latter
estimates can be substantially improved when adjusted
appropriately to conform to the known distribution of
these population characteristics. This is accomplished
through two stages of ratio estimation as follows:

a. First-stage ratio estimate. As explained above, non­
self-representing PSU’s are chosen to represent not only
themselves, but also other unsampled areas. The firststage ratio adjustment procedure is designed to cor­
rect for the differences that existed at the time of the
1980 census between the distribution of the population
by race in the non-self-representing sample areas and
the corresponding distribution in the entire geograph­
ic area from which the non-self-representing areas were
selected. The adjustment is made at the State level for
each of the 43 States which contain non-selfrepresenting areas by the race categories of black and
non-black. The first-stage adjustment factors are de­
rived using the non-self-representing pus ’s in the sam­
ple, and hence, are recomputed only when a new PSU
is rotated into the sample.

3 . Composite estimate procedure. In deriving the statis­
tics for a given month, a composite estimating proce­
dure is used to take account of net changes in the
sample results from the previous month for the con­
tinuing 75 percent of the households in the sample. It
is a weighted average of data from the current and
previous months, and includes an additional term which
is an estimate of the net difference between incoming
and continuing parts of the current month’s sample.
Almost all estimates of month-to-month change are im­
proved by this procedure. Most estimates of levels are
also improved, but to a lesser extent.

b. Second-stage ratio estimate. This stage is designed
to adjust the inflated first-stage estimates to conform
to the most recent distribution of the entire U.S. popu­
lation by age-sex-race-Hispanic origin and is conducted
in three steps.
In the first step, the sample population and labor
force estimates are adjusted within each State and the
District of Columbia using an independent control for
the population 16 years and over for that area. In ef­
fect, the ratio of the independent and sample popula­
tions is used to inflate the sample labor force estimates.
The second step involves an adjustment by Hispanic
origin to a national estimate for eight age-sex categories
by Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.1In the third step,

Reliability of the estimates

1 Prior to January 1985, there w as no separate control for Hispanics in
the second-stage ratio estimation procedure. T hese controls are prepared by
carrying forward the 1980 census count for Hispanics by adding estimated
Hispanic births and immigrants and subtracting estimated Hispanic deaths and
emigrants to yield an estim ate o f the Hispanic population by age and sex.
In addition, the second-stage ratio estim ation procedure w as revised in
January 1986 to reflect an explicit allow ance for net undocumented immigra­
tion (m ostly H ispanic) since April 1, 1980 (the census date) and an increase
in the estim ate o f em igration o f legal foreign-bom residents, also since 1980.
The nature and effect o f these changes on the labor force estim ates are d is­
cu ssed in detail in “ C hanges in the E stim ation Procedure in the Current
Population Survey B eginning in January 1 9 8 6 ” in the February 1986 issue
o f Employment and Earnings.




131

Since the estimates in this report are based upon a sample
of the population rather than a complete count, they may
differ from the figures that would have been obtained if it
had been possible to take a complete census using the same
schedules and procedures as are used in the CPS. There are
two types of errors in an estimate based on a sample
survey—sampling and nonsampling. The sampling error ta­
bles in this report primarily indicate the magnitude of the
sampling error. They also partially measure the effect of
some nonsampling errors in response and enumeration, but
do not measure any systematic biases in the data.
In general, the error of a sample estimate varies inverse­
ly with the size of the sample and directly with the size of
the estimate. Hence, an estimate for a subgroup constituting
a small proportion of a population will tend to have a smaller
absolute (and larger relative) error than an estimate for a sub­
group constituting a large proportion of that same population.

Reliability standards

Table B-14 shows that an estimate of 50,000 unemployed
persons (total or white) in Alabama will have an absolute
sampling error of 11,000, and a relative sampling error of
22 percent, while an estimate of 100,000 unemployed per­
sons in Alabama has an absolute sampling error of 15,000
and a relative sampling error of 15 percent.
The statement that unemployment in Alabama is between
39,000 and 61,000 in the first instance, and between 85,000
and 115,000 in the second, is made with 90-percent confi­
dence. If repeated samples were drawn from the same popu­
lation and a confidence interval (based on the sample estimate
plus and minus the sampling error) were constructed for each
sample estimate, the true value based on a complete census
of the population would be contained within 90 percent of
these intervals. Hence, we can be 90-percent confident that
the interval constructed does, in fact, contain the true value.
To calculate a 68-percent interval (two chances out of
three), multiply the sampling error shown by 0.63. To con­
vert the sampling error to 95-percent confidence (19 chances
out of 20), multiply the sampling error by 1.23. For the ex­
ample given above, the sampling error at 90-percent confi­
dence was 11,000. At 68-percent confidence, the error would
be about 6,900 (11,000 x 0.63 = 6,930). At 95-percent con­
fidence, the error would be about 13,500 (11,000 x 1.23 =
13,530).
To compute the error of a difference from the tables, an
additional step is required. If, for instance, one wishes to
know whether a change in the unemployment rate from 1985
to 1986 in a particular area is statistically significant, or
whether the difference in the unemployment rate between
two areas or population groups is statistically meaningful,
the significance of the difference needs to be computed.
To test for the significance of a difference, the following
formula should be used:

Since the C P S is designed to produce both national and
State estimates, the proportion of the total population sam­
pled and, hence, the sampling ratios differ among the States.
In general, the smaller the population of the State, the larg­
er the sampling proportion. For example, in Alaska approx­
imately 1 in every 200 households was sampled each month
in 1986, whereas in California the sample covered about 1
in every 2,200 households. Nevertheless, the size of the sam­
ple in California is 4 times larger than in Alaska because
California has a larger percentage of the national population.
Differences in the probability of selecting each household
in each State are necessary to obtain total unemployment lev­
els meeting a minimum level of reliability—a maximum ex­
pected annual coefficient of variation of 10 percent, at one
standard error, given a 6-percent unemployment rate. Be­
fore C PS labor force data for a State or area can be used as
the official estimates in the Federal-State Cooperative Pro­
gram, the size of the sample for that area must be large
enough to produce estimates meeting that minimum standard
of reliability.
Publication standards for State and area

cps

data

In order to achieve comparability of the data for regions,
divisions, States, metropolitan areas, and cities for publica­
tion purposes, a unique requirement for minimum labor
force, employment, and unemployment had to be developed
for each area. This requirement is based on the known differ­
ences in sampling ratios among these areas. Before estimates
are published for a specific category, a predetermined “ crit­
ical cell’’ must meet the comparable minimum publication
standard for national C PS data. As a result of this require­
ment, minimum bases for publication have been developed
for each area. Table B-l lists the minimum necessary base
for publication of data in each of the regions, divisions,
States, the District of Columbia, and the metropolitan areas
and cities appearing in this bulletin.
Estimates are not shown when they do not meet the mini­
mum base for the State or area listed in table B-l. In tables
showing the labor force status of the population, the critical
cell is the size of the labor force of the particular population
group. In all other tables, the determining factor or critical
cell is the size of the base of the distribution,i.e., the size
of total employment or unemployment for that area or popu­
lation subgroup. Data are not published for any cell with few­
er than 500 persons or less than 0.5 percent.

Ed = \ ] E2+ E22 ~ C
where: E, = the sampling error of one group or
year
the sampling error of another group or
year

C =

the covariance (or relationship) term
between Ej and E2

Ed = the sampling error of the difference
The Ej and the Ei must be found in the appropriate Geo­
graphic Profile for each year, since the size of the samples
and, consequently, sampling errors may differ from year to
year. Estimates for the “ C” term for areas in this bulletin
are not available. (If the relationship between the two groups
or years is small, the “C” term may be ignored. If, however,
there is a strong positive relationship between the two groups,
then the error computed without the “ C” term will be over­
stated.) An example will show how this significance test is
applied. Suppose one wished to know whether a hypothetical

Using the sampling error tables

Tables B-2 through B-37 provide sampling errors at the
90-percent confidence level (1.6 times one standard error)
for major labor force characteristics. They indicate the ord­
er of magnitude of the sampling error rather than the pre­
cise amount of the possible error in an estimate.



E2 =

132

where:

change in the CPS unemployment rate in Alaska from 10.0
percent in 1985 to 8.0 percent in 1986 is significant. As­
sume that the labor force was about 100,000 in both years.
Table B-20 in the 1985 Geographic Profile gives the error
for a 10.0-percent unemployment rate as 1.28, and table B-20
in this year’s Geographic Profile gives the error for an
8.0-percent unemployment rate as 1.23. Using the formula
described above, the following would result:
Ei

=

E2 +
i

\ J 3.151

1.28

E2 =

E2 =

3.151

=

G = published size immediately below the size
desired (100,000)
S =size desired (150,000)
X = error of the F (21,000)
Y = error of the G (15,000)
E = error of the S (18,000)

1.23

If the sample estimate lies outside the boundaries of the er­
ror tables, extrapolation can be used to approximate the sam­
pling error. The formula for extrapolation is the same as that
for interpolation; however, the “ F” term is the highest value
in the table and the “G” term becomes the next highest value.

1.78

Derivation of sampling errors

Assuming a negligible “ C” term, the error of the differ­
ence is about 1.8. Since the actual change (2.0 percent) ex­
ceeds the error of the difference, it can be stated, with
90-percent confidence, that the difference in rates is attributa­
ble to factors other than sampling error alone.
To derive a sampling error for a given estimate, it may
be necessary to use interpolation or extrapolation. For ex­
ample, table B-14 contains no sampling error for an estimate
of 150,000 unemployed persons in Alabama. The following
formula shows how to interpolate for an estimate of 150,000
in Alabama:
Es =




[[(S-G) / (F-G)] x (X-Y)]

F = published size immediately above the size
desired (200,000)

+

These State and area sampling errors are developed using
a generalized procedure and are not based on the sample data
for each individual area. As with all sampling error tables
produced for CPS State and area data, a number of approxi­
mations were required in order to derive sampling errors that
would be applicable to a wide variety of items. As a result,
these sampling errors provide an indication of the order of
magnitude of a sampling error rather than a precise sampling
error for any specific item. The sampling error tables are
derived from standard error equations and special parameters
developed by the Bureau of the Census. These may be ob­
tained from bls upon request.

Y

133

Contents—Publication Standards
and Sampling Error Tables

Page
Tables:
B- 1. Minimum bases required for publication of State, Census region and division, and metropolitan
area data....................................................................................................................................................... 135
Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level by Census region and division:
B- 2. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or whitepersons............................................................................
B- 3. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons........................................................................................
B- 4. Estimated numbers of
unemployed persons of Hispanic origin............................................................
B- 5. Estimated labor force
and
employment
numbers for total or whitepersons............................
B- 6. Estimated labor force
and
employment
numbers for black persons........................................
B- 7. Estimated labor force
and
employment
numbers for persons of Hispanicorigin....................
B- 8. Estimated unemployment rates for total or whitepersons............................................................................
B- 9. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons........................................................................................
B-10. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic o rig in ....................................................................
B -ll. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or whitepersons..................................................................
B-12. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons..............................................................................
B-13. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanicorigin...........................................................

136
136
136
137
138
138
140
141
143
144
146
148

Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level by State:
B-14. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons...........................................................................
B-15. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons........................................................................................
B-16. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin...................................................................
B-17. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or whitepersons.................................................
B-18. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons.............................................................
B-19. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanicorigin..........................................
B-20. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons...........................................................................
B-21. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons........................................................................................
B-22. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic o rig in ....................................................................
B-23. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons...............................................................
B-24. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons.............................................................................
B-25. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin........................................................

150
151
152
153
155
156
158
161
163
165
169
172

Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level for selected metropolitan areas and cities:
B-26. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons...........................................................................
B-27. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons........................................................................................
B-28. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin....................................................................
B-29. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons................................................
B-30. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons..... ........................................................
B-31. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanicorigin..........................................
B-32. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons...........................................................................
B-33. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons........................................................................................
B-34. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic o rig in ....................................................................
B-35. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons...............................................................
B-36. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons.............................................................................
B-37. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin........................................................

175
176
177
178
179
180
182
185
187
189
192
194




134

Table B-1. Minimum bases required for publication of Census region and division, State, and metropolitan area
data
(In thousands)
State or area

New England..................................................................................

East South Central.........................................................................
West.................................................................................................

Minimum base
28
24
30
35
35
36
43
36
42
47
43
31
48

Minimum base

State or area
Metropolitan areas:'

52
58
40
23
19
31

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.........................................................
Cincinnati PMSA............................................................................
Cleveland PMSA............................................................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CM SA...............................................................

51
7
66
23
50
47
37
8
8
32
59
12
11

Kentucky.........................................................................................

35
45
28
26
39
50
13
40
19
28

Denver-Boulder CMSA...................................................................
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach PMSA....................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ......................................
Houston PMSA ..............................................................................
Indianapolis....................................................................................

Louisville........................................................................................
Memphis........................................................................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA .....................................................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul......................................................................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA....................................................................
New Orleans..................................................................................
New York PMSA............................................................................
Newark PMSA................................................................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News..........................................
Oakland PMSA...............................................................................
Oklahoma City................................................................................
Philadelphia PMSA........................................................................

Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA...................................................
Rochester......................................................................................

9
21
25
14

New York........................................................................................

Oregon.............................................................................................

41

31
37

Cities:

34
13

40
35

31
43

30

7

Utah

................................................................................

35
14
52
31
52
17
43
52
52
52
50

19

O hio.................................................................................................

48
31
47
30
23
49
52
32
32
40

43

23
28
30
14
32
40

31
44

34

Portland, Ore. PMSA.....................................................................

49
26
46

20
35
33
31
31
43
31
38
27
31
37
43
44
38
32
39
44

27

47
51
23

43

44
32
44

7
59
65
18
50

29
34

40
45

7

43
52

52
1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan




Statistical Areas (PMSA’s).
The differences are discussed in appendix C,
"Geographic Boundary Definitions”.

135

T able B-2. Sam pling errors at th e 90-p ercen t c o n fid e n c e level o f e stim a ted num b ers o f u n em p loyed total or w h ite p e r s o n s by
C e n su s region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

1,500

Northeast .......................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

5
5
5

7
8
8

10
11
11

15
15
15

16
17
17

21
21
21

25
26

29
30

32

39

-

-

-

-

33

40

-

-

Midwest..........................................
East North Central......................
West North Central.....................

6
6
6

9
8
8

12
12
12

17
17
17

19
19
19

24
24
24

29
29
29

34
34
-

38
37
-

46
45
-

53
52
-

59
-

South .............................................
South Atlantic .............................
East South Central......................
West South Central.....................

6
6
7
6

9
9
10
9

13
12
14
13

18
17
19
18

20
19
22
20

25
24
27
25

31
29
33
31

36
34
38
36

40
38

48
46

56
-

62
-

-

-

-

-

40

48

-

-

6
5
6

9
7
9

12
10
13

17
14
18

19
16
20

24
20
26

30
24
31

34

38

46

53

_

West...............................................
Mountain......................................
Pacific..........................................
*

2,000

2,500

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

40

48

-

“

Table B-3. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by Census
region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
2

5

10

20

25

50

Northeast.............................................
New England...................................
Middle Atlantic.................................

1
2
2

2
3
2

3
5
3

5
6
5

5

8

M idw est................................................
East North C entral..........................
West North C entral.........................

2
2
2

3
3
3

4
4
4

5
5
5

6
6
6

8
8
8

S o u th ....................................................
South Atlantic..................................
East South Central .........................
West South Central ........................

2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4

6
5
6
6

6
6
7
7

9
9
10
10

West .....................................................
Mountain............................................
Pacific................................................

2
1
2

3
2
3

4
3
4

6
5
6

6
5
7

9
7
9

5

7

-

-

100
10
11
12
12
12

1,000

250
16
17
18
18

20
19
22
21

13

12
14
14

23
23

28

26
24

32
30

12
13

18

Table B-4. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic
origin by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
10

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

Northeast ...........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

5
2
2
2

3
3
3

5
5
5

5

7

10

15

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

5

8

11

15

-

-

M idw est..............................................
East North C e ntral........................
West North C entral.......................

3
3
3

4
4
4

5
5
5

6
6

8
8

12
12

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

South ..................................................
South A tlantic................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

3
3
3

4
4

6
5
6

6
6
7

9
8
9

13
12
13

18
19

20
21

25
-

W e s t....................................................
Mountain..........................................
Pacific..............................................

3
2
3

4

6
5
6

6
5
7

9
8
10

13
11
14

18

20

26




4

3
4

136

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

21

27

T able B-5. Sam pling errors at th e 90-p ercen t c o n fid e n c e level o f e stim a ted labor fo r c e and em p loym en t num bers for total or
w h ite p e r so n s by C e n su s region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
10

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

800

1,000

1,500

2,000

Northeast..........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

4
5
4

5
7
5

6
8
6

8
11
8

12
16
12

16
23
17

18
25
19

23
32
23

33
44
33

36
49
37

44
58
44

51
65
51

M idw est..............................................
East North Central ........................
West North C entral.......................

4
4
5

6
6
6

7
7
7

10
10
10

14
13
14

19
19
20

22
21
22

27
27
28

38
38
39

43
42
44

52
51
52

60
58
59

S o u th ..................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

5
5
5
6

8
7
7
8

8
8
8
9

12
11
11
13

17
16
16
19

24
22
23
26

27
25
25
29

34
31
32
37

47
44
44
52

53
49
49
57

64
60
59
69

74
68
66
79

W e s t....................................................
Mountain.........................................
Pacific..............................................

5
5
5

7
7
7

8
7
8

11
11
11

16
15
16

22
21
23

25
23
25

32
29
32

44
40
45

49
45
50

60
53
61

69
59
70

Estimated level
10,000

12,500

15,000

20,000

25,000

90
69
88

100
95

107
99

111
100

114
92

109
-

91
87
80

108
102
81

121
111
70

130
117
-

137
119
-

82
76
72
87

114
102
86
113

136
119
82
126

154
130
129

168
136
123

77
64
77

104
72
103

122
58
119

135
128

143
132

2,500

5,000

Northeast............................................
New England...................................
Middle Atlantic.................................

56
70
56

77 .
81
76

M idwest...............................................
East North Central..........................
West North Central.........................

67
65
64

S o u th ....................................................
South Atlantic..................................
East South Central .........................
West South C e n tral........................
W e s t .....................................................
Mountain...........................................
Pacific................................................




7,500

137

30,000

35,000

40,000

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144
115
-

144
96
-

136
-

-

-

-

-

-

179
139
107

195
133
-

205
109
-

208
-

206
-

199
-

-

-

-

-

-

148

149
113

138
-

_

_

_

-

131

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

Table B-6. Sam pling errors at th e 90-p ercen t c o n fid e n c e level o f estim a ted labor fo r c e and em p loym en t num b ers for black
p e r s o n s by C e n su s region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
10

20

25

100

200

250

400

600

800

Northeast ...........................................
New E ngland.................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

2
8
3

3
11
4

4
12
4

5
18
6

8
25
8

11
35
11

12
39
12

15

19

21

-

-

16

19

M idw est..............................................
East North C e ntral........................
West North C entral.......................

3
3
3

4
4
4

5
4
5

6
6
7

9
9
10

13
13
13

14
14
15

18
18
19

South ..................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

4
4
5
4

6
6
7
6

7
7
7
6

10
10
10
9

14
14
15
12

20
20
21
18

22
22
23
20

28
28
29
25

W e s t....................................................
Mountain..........................................
Pacific..............................................

4
3
4

3
2
3

5
4
5

50

6
5
7

9
7
10

13
10
13

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

5,000

7,500

-

24
-

29
-

33
_

37
-

_

_

22

25

30

34

-

-

-

22
22

25
25

28
28

35
34

40
39

-

-

-

-

34
34
35
30

39
40
40
34

43
44
45
38

53
54
53
46

44

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

61
61

68
68

94
92

_

_

_

_

53

-

-

-

34

_

.

112
_

14

18

22

25

28

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

15

19

23

27

30

-

-

-

-

-

Table B-7. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons
of Hispanic origin by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
census region ana aivision
25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

-

_

5,000
-

_

Northeast.............................................
New England....................................
Middle Atlantic.................................

4
5
5

6
7
7

9
10
9

13
13
13

14
15

18
18

22
22

25
26

28
29

34
35

-

*

M idw est................................................
East North C entral..........................
West North Central.........................

5
5
6

7
7
9

11
10
13

15
14

17
16

21
20

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

26
25
-

-

-

-

-

-

S o u th ....................................................
South Atlantic..................................
West South Central ........................

9
5
9

12
8
13

17
11
18

24
15
25

27
17
28

34
21
36

41
26
43

48
30
50

53
33
55

65
67

75
-

83
-

76

-

West .....................................................
Mountain............................................
Pacific................................................

7
8
7

10
11
9

14
15
13

19
21
19

21
23
21

27
29
26

33
36
32

38
41
37

42

51

59

65

89

-

-

-

-

-

41

50

57

63

84




138

115
-




Index to tables B-8 to B-13 of sampling errors for rates by
Census region and division
Census region and
division

Table
B-8

B-9

B-10

B-11

B-12

B-13

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Northeast................................
New England......................
Middle Atlantic....................

1
1
1

1
3
1

1
1
1

1
3
1

2
2

1
1
1

Midwest...................................
East North Central..............
West North Central ............

2
2
2

2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

3
3
3

2
2
4

South.......................................
South Atlantic ....................
East South Central..............
West South Central............

2
2
3
2

2
2
3
3

2
2
2
3

3
3
3
4

4
4
4
5

3
2
2
3

West .......................................
M ountain............................
Pacific .................................

2
1
2

2
1
3

3
1
3

3
2
3

3
2
3

4
5
4

2

139

1

Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
Northeast Region and New
England, Middle Atlantic, and
Mountain Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................
10,000 ..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................
20,000 ..................................................
25,000 ..................................................

7.30
4.61
3.26
2.31
2.06
1.46
1.03
.73
.65
.52
.42
.36
.33
.27
.23
.21
.15
.12
.10
.09
.08
.07
.07

10.25
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.05
1.45
1.03
.92
.72
.59
.51
.46
.37
.32
.29
.21
.17
.15
.13
.12
.10
.09

14.31
9.05
6.40
4.53
4.05
2.86
2.02
1.43
1.28
1.01
.83
.72
.64
.52
.45
.40
.29
.23
.20
.18
.17
.14
.13

17.30
10.94
7.73
5.47
4.89
3.46
2.45
1.73
1.55
1.22
1.00
.86
.77
.63
.55
.49
.35
.28
.25
.22
.20
.17
.16

19.70
12.46
8.81
6.23
5.57
3.94
2.79
1.97
1.76
1.39
1.14
.99
.88
.72
.62
.56
.39
.32
.28
.25
.23
.20
.18

21.72
13.73
9.71
6.87
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.17
1.94
1.54
1.25
1.09
.97
.79
.69
.61
.44
.36
.31
.28
.25
.22
.20

25.63
16.21
11.46
8.10
7.25
5.13
3.62
2.56
2.29
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51
.42
.36
.33
.30
.26
.23

28.43
17.98
12.71
8.99
8.04
5.69
4.02
2.84
2.54
2.01
1.64
1.42
1.27
1.04
.90
.81
.57
.47
.41
.36
.33
.29
.26

30.43
19.24
13.61
9.62
8.61
6.09
4.30
3.04
2.72
2.15
1.76
1.52
1.36
1.11
.96
.86
.61
.50
.44
.39
.36
.31
.28

8.88
5.62
3.97
2.81
2.51
1.78
1.26
.89
.79
.63
.51
.44
.40
.32
.28
.25
.18
.15
.13
.11
.10
.09
.08
.07
.07
.06

12.45
7.87
5.57
3.94
3.52
2.49
1.76
1.25
1.11
.88
.72
.62
.56
.45
.39
.35
.25
.20
.18
.16
.14
.12
.11
.10
.09
.09

17.28
10.93
7.73
5.47
4.89
3.46
2.44
1.73
1.55
1.22
1.00
.86
.77
.63
.55
.49
.35
.28
.25
.22
.20
.17
.16
.14
.13
.12

20.76
13.13
9.29
6.57
5.87
4.15
2.94
2.08
1.86
1.47
1.20
1.04
.93
.76
.66
.59
.42
.34
.29
.26
.24
.21
.19
.17
.16
.15

23.50
14.86
10.51
7.43
6.65
4.70
3.32
2.35
2.10
1.66
1.36
1.18
1.05
.86
.74
.67
.47
.39
.33
.30
.27
.24
.21
.20
.18
.17

25.73
16.27
11.51
8.14
7.28
5.15
3.64
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.49
1.29
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.52
.42
.37
.33
.30
.26
.23
.21
.20
.19

29.78
18.84
13.32
9.42
8.42
5.96
4.21
2.98
2.66
2.11
1.72
1.49
1.33
1.09
.94
.85
.60
.49
.43
.38
.35
.31
.27
.25
.23
.22

32.27
20.41
14.43
10.21
9.13
6.45
4.56
3.23
2.89
2.28
1.87
1.62
1.45
1.18
1.02
.92
.65
.53
.46
.42
.38
.33
.30
.28
.26
.24

33.55
21.22
15.00
10.61
9.49
6.71
4.75
3.36
3.00
2.37
1.94
1.68
1.50
1.23
1.07
.96
.68
.56
.49
.44
.40
.35
.32
.30
.28
.26

Part 2:
Midwest, South, and West Regions,
and East North Central, West
North Central, South Atlantic, West
South Central, and Pacific
Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
1 0 0 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................
10,000 ..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................
20,000 ..................................................
25,000 ..................................................
30,000 ..................................................
35,000 ..................................................
40,000 ..................................................




140

Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 3:
East South Central Division
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................




9.75
6.17
4.36
3.08
2.76
1.95
1.38
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.44
.36
.31
.28
.20
.16

13.69
8.66
6.12
4.33
3.87
2.74
1.94
1.37
1.22
.97
.79
.68
.61
.50
.43
.39
.27
.22

19.08
12.07
8.53
6.03
5.40
3.82
2.70
1.91
1.71
1.35
1.10
.95
.85
.70
.60
.54
.38
.31

23.03
14.57
10.30
7.28
6.51
4.61
3.26
2.30
2.06
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.46
.38

141

26.19
16.56
11.71
8.28
7.41
5.24
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.96
.83
.74
.53
.43

28.82
18.23
12.89
9.12
8.15
5.77
4.08
2.88
2.58
2.04
1.67
1.44
1.29
1.06
.92
.82
.58
.48

33.87
21.42
15.15
10.71
9.58
6.77
4.79
3.39
3.03
2.40
1.96
1.70
1.52
1.24
1.08
.97
.69
.57

37.37
23.64
16.71
11.82
10.57
7.48
5.29
3.74
3.35
2.65
2.16
1.88
1.68
1.37
1.19
1.07
.76
.63

39.75
25.14
17.78
12.57
11.24
7.95
5.62
3.98
3.56
2.82
2.30
2.00
1.79
1.47
1.27
1.14
.82
.68

Table B-9. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by Census
region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
Northeast Region and Middle
Atlantic and Mountain Divisions
2 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
1 0 0 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................

7.34
4.64
3.28
2.32
2.08
1.47
1.04
.73
.66
.52
.42
.37
.33
.27
.23
.21

10.35
6.55
4.63
3.27
2.93
2.07
1.46
1.04
.93
.73
.60
.52
.46
.38
.33
.29

14.56
9.21
6.51
4.60
4.12
2.91
2.06
1.46
1.30
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.53
.46
.41

17.73
11.21
7.93
5.61
5.01
3.55
2.51
1.77
1.59
1.25
1.02
.89
.79
.65
.56
.50

20.36
12.88
9.10
6.44
5.76
4.07
2.88
2.04
1.82
1.44
1.18
1.02
.91
.74
.64
.58

22.63
14.31
10.12
7.16
6.40
4.53
3.20
2.26
2.02
1.60
1.31
1.13
1.01
.83
.71
.64

27.32
17.28
12.22
8.64
7.73
5.46
3.86
2.73
2.44
1.93
1.58
1.37
1.22
1.00
.86
.77

31.08
19.66
13.90
9.83
8.79
6.22
4.40
3.11
2.78
2.20
1.79
1.55
1.39
1.13
.98
.88

34.22
21.64
15.30
10.82
9.68
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.42
1.97
1.71
1.53
1.25
1.08
.96

9.12
5.77
4.08
2.88
2.58
1.82
1.29
.91
.82
.64
.53
.46
.41
.33
.29
.26
.18
.15

12.82
8.11
5.73
4.06
3.63
2.56
1.81
1.28
1.15
.91
.74
.64
.57
.47
.41
.36
.26
.21

17.92
11.33
8.02
5.67
5.07
3.58
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.27
1.03
.90
.80
.65
.57
.51
.36
.29

21.69
13.72
9.70
6.86
6.13
4.34
3.07
2.17
1.94
1.53
1.25
1.08
.97
.79
.69
.61
.43
.35

24.73
15.64
11.06
7.82
7.00
4.95
3.50
2.47
2.21
1.75
1.43
1.24
1.11
.90
.78
.70
.49
.40

27.30
17.27
12.21
8.63
7.72
5.46
3.86
2.73
2.44
1.93
1.58
1.37
1.22
1.00
.86
.77
.55
.45

32.34
20.46
14.46
10.23
9.15
6.47
4.57
3.23
2.89
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.45
1.18
1.02
.92
.65
.53

36.04
22.79
16.12
11.40
10.19
7.21
5.10
3.60
3.22
2.55
2.08
1.80
1.61
1.32
1.14
1.02
.72
.59

38.78
24.53
17.34
12.26
10.97
7.76
5.48
3.88
3.47
2.74
2.24
1.94
1.73
1.42
1.23
1.10
.78
.64

9.61
6.08
4.30
3.04
2.72
1.92
1.36
.96
.86
.68
.56
.48
.43
.35
.30

13.54
8.56
6.06
4.28
3.83
2.71
1.91
1.35
1.21
.96
.78
.68
.61
.49
.43

18.99
12.01
8.49
6.00
5.37
3.80
2.69
1.90
1.70
1.34
1.10
.95
.85
.69
.60

23.05
14.58
10.31
7.29
6.52
4.61
3.26
2.31
2.06
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.84
.73

26.38
16.69
11.80
8.34
7.46
5.28
3.73
2.64
2.36
1.87
1.52
1.32
1.18
.96
.83

29.23
18.49
13.07
9.24
8.27
5.85
4.13
2.92
2.61
2.07
1.69
1.46
1.31
1.07
.92

34.98
22.13
15.65
11.06
9.89
7.00
4.95
3.50
3.13
2.47
2.02
1.75
1.56
1.28
1.10

39.42
24.93
17.63
12.47
11.15
7.88
5.57
3.94
3.53
2.79
2.27
1.97
1.76
1.44
1.24

42.97
27.17
19.21
13.59
12.15
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
3.04
2.48
2.15
1.92
1.57
1.35

Part 2:
Midwest, South, and West Regions,
and East North Central, West
North Central, and South Atlantic
Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
1 0 0 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................
Part 3:
New England, East South Central,
West South Central, and Pacific
Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................




142

Table B-10. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
Northeast Region and New
England, Middle Atlantic, and
Mountain Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................

7.57
4.79
3.39
2.39
2.14
1.51
1.07
.76
.68
.54
.44
.38
.34
.28

10.67
6.75
4.77
3.37
3.02
2.13
1.51
1.07
.95
.75
.62
.53
.48
.39

14.97
9.47
6.70
4.73
4.23
2.99
2.12
1.50
1.34
1.06
.86
.75
.67
.55

18.20
11.51
8.14
5.75
5.15
3.64
2.57
1.82
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91
.81
.66

20.85
13.19
9.32
6.59
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.08
1.86
1.47
1.20
1.04
.93
.76

23.13
14.63
10.34
7.31
6.54
4.63
3.27
2.31
2.07
1.64
1.33
1.16
1.03
.84

27.76
17.56
12.41
8.78
7.85
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24
1.01

31.39
19.85
14.04
9.92
8.88
6.28
4.44
3.14
2.81
2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
1.14

34.33
21.71
15.35
10.85
9.71
6.86
4.85
3.43
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.71
1.53
1.25

8.96
5.67
4.01
2.83
2.53
1.79
1.27
.90
.80
.63
.52
.45
.40
.33
.28
.25
.18

12.56
7.94
5.62
3.97
3.55
2.51
1.78
1.26
1.12
.89
.73
.63
.56
.46
.40
.36
.25

17.43
11.02
7.80
5.51
4.93
3.49
2.47
1.74
1.56
1.23
1.01
.87
.78
.64
.55
.49
.35

20.94
13.24
9.36
6.62
5.92
4.19
2.96
2.09
1.87
1.48
1.21
1.05
.94
.77
.66
.59
.42

23.69
14.98
10.60
7.49
6.70
4.74
3.35
2.37
2.12
1.68
1.37
1.19
1.06
.87
.75
.67
.48

25.94
16.40
11.60
8.20
7.34
5.19
3.67
2.59
2.32
1.83
1.50
1.30
1.16
.95
.82
.73
.52

30.01
18.98
13.42
9.49
8.49
6.00
4.24
3.00
2.68
2.12
1.73
1.50
1.34
1.10
.95
.85
.60

32.50
20.55
14.53
10.28
9.19
6.50
4.60
3.25
2.91
2.30
1.88
1.63
1.46
1.19
1.03
.92
.66

33.75
21.34
15.09
10.67
9.55
6.75
4.77
3.38
3.02
2.39
1.95
1.69
1.51
1.24
1.07
.96
.68

9.55
6.04
4.27
3.02
2.70
1.91
1.35
.96
.85
68
.55
.48
.43
.35
.30
.27
.19

13.45
8.50
6.01
4.25
3.80
2.69
1.90
1.34
1.20
.95
.78
.67
.60
.49
.43
.38
.27

18.83
11.91
8.42
5.96
5.33
3.77
2.66
1.88
1.68
1.33
1.09
.94
.84
.69
.60
.53
.38

22.84
14.44
10.21
7.22
6.46
4.57
3.23
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.32
1.14
1.02
.83
.72
.65
.46

26.11
16.51
11.67
8.26
7.38
5.22
3.69
2.61
2.33
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.95
.83
.74
.52

28.89
18.27
12.92
9.13
8.17
5.78
4.09
2.89
2.58
2.04
1.67
1.44
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.58

34.44
21.78
15.40
10.89
9.74
6.89
4.87
3.44
3.08
2.44
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.26
1.09
.97
.69

38.66
24.45
17.29
12.23
10.94
7.73
5.47
3.87
3.46
2.73
2.23
1.93
1.73
1.41
1.22
1.09
.77

41.95
26.53
18.76
13.27
11.87
8.39
5.93
4.19
3.75
2.97
2.42
2.10
1.88
1.53
1.33
1.19
.84

Part 2:
Midwest and South Regions, and
East North Central, West North
Central, South Atlantic, and East
South Central Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
Part 3:
West Region and West South
Central and Pacific Divisions
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
1 0 0 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................




143

Table B-11. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

11.50
7.27
5.14
3.64
3.25
2.30
1.63
1.15
1.03
.81
.66
.57
.51
.42
.36
.33
.23
.19
.16
.15
.13
.11
.10
.09
.09
.08

17.90
11.32
8.01
5.66
5.06
3.58
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.27
1.03
.90
.80
.65
.57
.51
.36
.29
.25
.23
.21
.18
.16
.15
.14
.13

32.86
20.78
14.69
10.39
9.29
6.57
4.65
3.29
2.94
2.32
1.90
1.64
1.47
1.20
1.04
.93
.66
.54
.46
.42
.38
.33
.29
.27
.25
.23

37.64
23.81
16.83
11.90
10.65
7.53
5.32
3.76
3.37
2.66
2.17
1.88
1.68
1.37
1.19
1.06
.75
.61
.53
.48
.43
.38
.34
.31
.28
.27

40.24
25.45
18.00
12.72
11.38
8.05
5.69
4.02
3.60
2.85
2.32
2.01
1.80
1.47
1.27
1.14
.80
.66
.57
.51
.46
.40
.36
.33
.30
.28

41.07
25.97
18.37
12.99
11.62
8.21
5.81
4.11
3.67
2.90
2.37
2.05
1.84
1.50
1.30
1.16
.82
.67
.58
.52
.47
.41
.37
.34
.31
.29

13.59
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
2.72
1.92
1.36
1.22
.96
.78
.68
.61
.50
.43
.38
.27
.22
.19
.17
.16
.14
.12
.11
.10
.10
.09

21.15
13.38
9.46
6.69
5.98
4.23
2.99
2.11
1.89
1.50
1.22
1.06
.95
.77
.67
.60
.42
.35
.30
.27
.24
.21
.19
.17
.16
.15
.13

38.82
24.55
17.36
12.28
10.98
7.76
5.49
3.88
3.47
2.74
2.24
1.94
1.74
1.42
1.23
1.10
.78
.63
.55
.49
.45
.39
.35
.32
.29
.27
.25

44.47
28.13
19.89
14.06
12.58
8.89
6.29
4.45
3.98
3.14
2.57
2.22
1.99
1.62
1.41
1.26
.89
.73
.63
.56
.51
.44
.40
.36
.34
.31
.28

47.54
30.07
21.26
15.03
13.45
9.51
6.72
4.75
4.25
3.36
2.74
2.38
2.13
1.74
1.50
1.34
.95
.78
.67
.60
.55
.48
.43
.39
.36
.34
.30

48.52
30.69
21.70
15.34
13.72
9.70
6.86
4.85
4.34
3.43
2.80
2.43
2.17
1.77
1.53
1.37
.97
.79
.69
.61
.56
.49
.43
.40
.37
.34
.31

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 1:
Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic Division
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
1 0 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
1 2 ,5 0 0 ...............................................................................................
15,000 ...............................................................................................
20,000 ...............................................................................................
2 5 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
30,000 ...............................................................................................
35,000 ...............................................................................................
4 0 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
Part 2:
Midwest Region and East North Central, West North
Central, and Mountain Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
1 0 ,000...............................................................................................
1 2 ,500...............................................................................................
1 5 ,000...............................................................................................
2 0 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
2 5 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
3 0 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................
35,000 ...............................................................................................
40,000 ...............................................................................................
5 0 ,0 0 0 ...............................................................................................




144

Table EM1. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
si2e of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
50

2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

16.64
10.52
7.44
5.26
4.71
3.33
2.35
1.66
1.49
1.18
.96
.83
.74
.61
.53
.47
.33
.27
.24
.21
.19
.17
.15
.14
.13
.12
.11
.10
.09

25.90
16.38
11.58
8.19
7.33
5.18
3.66
2.59
2.32
1.83
1.50
1.30
1.16
.95
.82
.73
.52
.42
.37
.33
.30
.26
.23
.21
.20
.18
.16
.15
.14

47.54
30.07
21.26
15.03
13.45
9.51
6.72
4.75
4.25
3.36
2.74
2.38
2.13
1.74
1.50
1.34
.95
.78
.67
.60
.55
.48
.43
.39
.36
.34
.30
.27
.25

54.46
34.45
24.36
17.22
15.40
10.89
7.70
5.45
4.87
3.85
3.14
2.72
2.44
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.09
.89
.77
.69
.63
.54
.49
.44
.41
.39
.34
.31
.29

58.22
36.82
26.04
18.41
16.47
11.64
8.23
5.82
5.21
4.12
3.36
2.91
2.60
2.13
1.84
1.65
1.16
.95
.82
.74
.67
.58
.52
.48
.44
.41
.37
.34
.31

59.42
37.58
26.58
18.79
16.81
11.88
8.40
5.94
5.32
4.20
3.43
2.97
2.66
2.17
1.88
1.68
1.19
.97
.84
.75
.69
.59
.53
.49
.45
.42
.38
.34
.32

18.42
11.65
8.24
5.83
5.21
3.68
2.61
1.84
1.65
1.30
1.06
.92
.82
.67
.58
.52
.37
.30
.26
.23
.21
.18

28.68
18.14
12.83
9.07
8.11
5.74
4.06
2.87
2.57
2.03
1.66
1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.81
.57
.47
.41
.36
.33
.29

52.64
33.29
23.54
16.65
14.89
10.53
7.44
5.26
4.71
3.72
3.04
2.63
2.35
1.92
1.66
1.49
1.05
.86
.74
.67
.61
.53

60.31
38.14
26.97
19.07
17.06
12.06
8.53
6.03
5.39
4.26
3.48
3.02
2.70
2.20
1.91
1.71
1.21
.98
.85
.76
.70
.60

64.47
40.77
28.83
20.39
18.24
12.89
9.12
6.45
5.77
4.56
3.72
3.22
2.88
2.35
2.04
1.82
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.74
.64

65.80
41.62
29.43
20.81
18.61
13.16
9.31
6.58
5.89
4.65
3.80
3.29
2.94
2.40
2.08
1.86
1.32
1.07
.93
.83
.76
.66

Part 3:
South and West Regions, and New England, South Atlantic,
East South Central, and Pacific Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
10,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
12,5 0 0 ..............................................................................................
15,000..............................................................................................
2 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
25,000 ..............................................................................................
3 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
3 5 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
4 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
5 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
6 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
7 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
Part 4:
West South Central Division
2 .......................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
1 0 .....................................................................................................
2 0 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
5 0 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
1 0 ,000..............................................................................................
12,500..............................................................................................
15,000..............................................................................................
2 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................




145

Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

24.73
15.64
11.06
7.82
6.99
4.95
3.50
2.47
2.21
1.75

38.50
24.35
17.22
12.17
10.89
7.70
5.44
3.85
3.44
2.72

70.66
44.69
31.60
22.34
19.98
14.13
9.99
7.07
6.32
5.00

80.95
51.19
36.20
25.60
22.89
16.19
11.45
8.09
7.24
5.72

86.53
54.73
38.70
27.36
24.48
17.31
12.24
8.65
7.74
6.12

88.32
55.86
39.50
27.93
24.98
17.66
12.49
8.83
7.90
6.25

7.84
4.96
3.50
2.48
2.22
1.57
1.11
.78
.70
.55
.45
.39
.35
.29
.25
.22
.16

12.20
7.71
5.46
3.86
3.45
2.44
1.73
1.22
1.09
.86
.70
.61
.55
.45
.39
.35
.24

22.39
14.16
10.01
7.08
6.33
4.48
3.17
2.24
2.00
1.58
1.29
1.12
1.00
.82
.71
.63
.45

25.65
16.22
11.47
8.11
7.25
5.13
3.63
2.56
2.29
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51

27.42
17.34
12.26
8.67
7.76
5.48
3.88
2.74
2.45
1.94
1.58
1.37
1.23
1.00
.87
.78
.55

27.98
17.70
12.52
8.85
7.92
5.60
3.96
2.80
2.50
1.98
1.62
1.40
1.25
1.02
.88
.79
.56

8.98
5.68
4.01
2.84
2.54
1.80
1.27
.90
.80
.63
.52
.45
.40
.33
.28
.25
.18

13.97
8.84
6.25
4.42
3.95
2.79
1.98
1.40
1.25
.99
.81
.70
.62
.51
.44
.40
.28

25.64
16.22
11.47
8.11
7.25
5.13
3.63
2.56
2.29
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51

29.38
18.58
13.14
9.29
8.31
5.88
4.15
2.94
2.63
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.31
1.07
.93
.83
.59

31.41
19.86
14.05
9.93
8.88
6.28
4.44
3.14
2.81
2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89
.63

32.05
20.27
14.33
10.14
9.07
6.41
4.53
3.21
2.87
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17
1.01
.91
.64

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 1:
New England Division
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
Part 2:
Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic and Mountain
Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
Part 3:
Midwest and West Regions, and East North Central, West
North Central, and Pacific Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................




146

Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

13.71
8.67
6.13
4.34
3.88
2.74
1.94
1.37
1.23
.97
.79
.69
.61
.50
.43
.39
.27
.22
.19
.17

21.35
13.50
9.55
6.75
6.04
4.27
3.02
2.13
1.91
1.51
1.23
1.07
.95
.78
.68
.60
.43
.35
.30
.27

39.18
24.78
17.52
12.39
11.08
7.84
5.54
3.92
3.50
2.77
2.26
1.96
1.75
1.43
1.24
1.11
.78
.64
.55
.50

44.89
28.39
20.08
14.20
12.70
8.98
6.35
4.49
4.02
3.17
2.59
2.24
2.01
1.64
1.42
1.27
.90
.73
.63
.57

47.99
30.35
21.46
15.18
13.57
9.60
6.79
4.80
4.29
3.39
2.77
2.40
2.15
1.75
1.52
1.36
.96
.78
.68
.61

48.98
30.98
21.90
15.49
13.85
9.80
6.93
4.90
4.38
3.46
2.83
2.45
2.19
1.79
1.55
1.39
.98
.80
.69
.62

12.33
7.80
5.51
3.90
3.49
2.47
1.74
1.23
1.10
.87
.71
.62
.55
.45
.39
.35
.25

19.19
12.14
8.58
6.07
5.43
3.84
2.71
1.92
1.72
1.36
1.11
.96
.86
.70
.61
.54
.38

35.22
22.27
15.75
11.14
9.96
7.04
4.98
3.52
3.15
2.49
2.03
1.76
1.57
1.29
1.11
1.00
.70

40.35
25.52
18.04
12.76
11.41
8.07
5.71
4.03
3.61
2.85
2.33
2.02
1.80
1.47
1.28
1.14
.81

43.13
27.28
19.29
13.64
12.20
8.63
6.10
4.31
3.86
3.05
2.49
2.16
1.93
1.57
1.36
1.22
.86

44.02
27.84
19.69
13.92
12.45
8.80
6.23
4.40
3.94
3.11
2.54
2.20
1.97
1.61
1.39
1.25
.88

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 4:
South Region, and South Atlantic and East South Central
Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
10,000..............................................................................................
1 2 ,500..............................................................................................
Part 5:
West South Central Division
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................




147

Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
30 or 70

40 or 60

50

2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

8.79
5.56
3.93
2.78
2.49
1.76
1.24
.88
.79
.62
.51
.44
.39
.32
.28
.25

13.69
8.66
6.12
4.33
3.87
2.74
1.94
1.37
1.22
.97
.79
.68
.61
.50
.43
.39

25.13
15.89
11.24
7.95
7.11
5.03
3.55
2.51
2.25
1.78
1.45
1.26
1.12
.92
.79
.71

28.78
18.20
12.87
9.10
8.14
5.76
4.07
2.88
2.57
2.04
1.66
1.44
1.29
1.05
.91
.81

30.77
19.46
13.76
9.73
8.70
6.15
4.35
3.08
2.75
2.18
1.78
1.54
1.38
1.12
.97
.87

31.41
19.86
14.05
9.93
8.88
6.28
4.44
3.14
2.81
2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89

10.55
6.67
4.72
3.34
2.98
2.11
1.49
1.05
.94
.75
.61
.53
.47
.39

16.42
10.39
7.34
5.19
4.64
3.28
2.32
1.64
1.47
1.16
.95
.82
.73
.60

30.14
19.06
13.48
9.53
8.52
6.03
4.26
3.01
2.70
2.13
1.74
1.51
1.35
1.10

34.53
21.84
15.44
10.92
9.77
6.91
4.88
3.45
3.09
2.44
1.99
1.73
1.54
1.26

36.91
23.34
16.51
11.67
10.44
7.38
5.22
3.69
3.30
2.61
2.13
1.85
1.65
1.35

37.67
23.83
16.85
11.91
10.65
7.53
5.33
3.77
3.37
2.66
2.17
1.88
1.68
1.38

17.84
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.04
3.57
2.52
1.78
1.60
1.26
1.03
.89
.80
.65
.56
.50
.36

27.77
17.56
12.42
8.78
7.85
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24
1.01
.88
.79
.56

50.96
32.23
22.79
16.11
14.41
10.19
7.21
5.10
4.56
3.60
2.94
2.55
2.28
1.86
1.61
1.44
1.02

58.38
36.92
26.11
18.46
16.51
11.68
8.26
5.84
5.22
4.13
3.37
2.92
2.61
2.13
1.85
1.65
1.17

62.41
39.47
27.91
19.74
17.65
12.48
8.83
6.24
5.58
4.41
3.60
3.12
2.79
2.28
1.97
1.77
1.25

63.70
40.29
28.49
20.14
18.02
12.74
9.01
6.37
5.70
4.50
3.68
3.18
2.85
2.33
2.01
1.80
1.27

Part 1:
Northeast Region and New England and Middle Atlantic
Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
Part 2:
Midwest Region and East North Central, South Atlantic, and
East South Central Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
Part 3:
South Region and West South Central Division
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................




148

Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

2 or 98

5 or 95

13.41
8.48
6.00
4.24
3.79
2.68
1.90
1.34
1.20
.95
.77
.67
.60
.49
.42
.38
.27
.22

20.87
13.20
9.33
6.60
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.09
1.87
1.48
1.21
1.04
.93
.76
.66
.59
.42
.34

38.31
24.23
17.13
12.11
10.84
7.66
5.42
3.83
3.43
2.71
2.21
1.92
1.71
1.40
1.21
1.08
.77
.63

43.89
27.76
19.63
13.88
12.41
8.78
6.21
4.39
3.93
3.10
2.53
2.19
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24
.88
.72

46.92
29.67
20.98
14.84
13.27
9.38
6.64
4.69
4.20
3.32
2.71
2.35
2.10
1.71
1.48
1.33
.94
.77

47.89
30.29
21.42
15.14
13.54
9.58
6.77
4.79
4.28
3.39
2.76
2.39
2.14
1.75
1.51
1.35
.96
.78

14.91
9.43
6.67
4.72
4.22
2.98
2.11
1.49
1.33
1.05
.86
.75
.67
.54

23.21
14.68
10.38
7.34
6.57
4.64
3.28
2.32
2.08
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.04
.85

42.60
26.94
19.05
13.47
12.05
8.52
6.02
4.26
3.81
3.01
2.46
2.13
1.91
1.56

48.81
30.87
21.83
15.43
13.80
9.76
6.90
4.88
4.37
3.45
2.82
2.44
2.18
1.78

52.18
33.00
23.33
16.50
14.76
10.44
7.38
5.22
4.67
3.69
3.01
2.61
2.33
1.91

53.25
33.68
23.82
16.84
15.06
10.65
7.53
5.33
4.76
3.77
3.07
2.66
2.38
1.94

Part 4:
West Region and West North Central and Pacific Divisions
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
Part 5:
Mountain Division
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................




149

Table B-14. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons
by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level
2
A lab a m a................................................
A laska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
D e law are...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

5
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
1

10
3
1
3
2
3
3
3
1
1
2

5
1
4
3
4
4
4
2
2
3

20
7
2
5
5
6
6
5
2
2
5

50

25
7
2
6
5
6
6
6
3
5

11
3
8
7
9
9
8
3
7

100

200

15

21
16
18
17
15

I2
10
i3
12
11
10

250

400

_

_

20
16

26
21

_

_

18
20

23
25

600

800

_
31
-

_
36
-

1,000
_
40
-

-

-

-

_
27
-

_
-

_
-

G eorgia..................................................
H aw aii....................................................
Id ah o ......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Io w a .......................................................
Kansas...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
M a in e .....................................................

2
1
1
2
2
2
1
2
2
1

4
1
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
2

5
2
2
4
4
4
3
4
4
2

7
3
3
5
6
5
4
6
6
3

8
3
3
6
7
6
5
7
7
3

11
5
8
10
8
7
9
9
5

15
12
13
11
10
13
13

22
16
19
15
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M aryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
M ichigan................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
M o n tan a................................................
Nebraska...............................................
N e v a d a ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

2
1
1
2

6
4

1

1

1

2
2
2

4
3
3
4
3
4
2
3
2
2

6
4

2

3
2
2
3
2
3

9
6
7
10
7
10
4
6
5

12
8
10
14
10
13
-

17
11
14
19
14
19
-

16
~

20
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
3
3
2
3
4
4
4
2

4
3
5
4
2
5

4
4

21
21
22

-

3

6
6
6
3

12
15
11
15
15
16
16
“

25

5

9
7
10
8
11
11
12
11
-

16
17
18

1

2
2
2
2
1
2
3
3
3
2

2

3

5

6

1

1

4
2

3
3
2
1

20
19

~
21
-

-

2
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
1

10
9
6
11
10
6
11

12
15
13
15
14
9
15

26

32

-

-

-

-

“
“

“

~

"

'

'

New Jersey...........................................
New M exico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina.....................................
North D a k o ta .......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahom a..............................................
O regon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................
South Carolina.....................................
South D akota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Verm ont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................




1

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2

5

5

6

7

5

5

6
3
4
3
3

7
3
4
4
-

5
4
3

5

5

-

4
3

4

2
5
5

2
7
6

2

3

4

4

3

5
2

7
2

8
2

3
3

1

-

5

2
7
6

5

6
5
7
6

7
7

4
8
7

150

7
8
8
8

8

21
20
“
21
“

"

~
-

25
“

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

36

-

'

Table B-15. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by State
(In thousands)

oiaie
2

5

10

20

25

50

100

200

Alabama...............................................
A lask a..................................................
Arizona .................................................
Arkansas..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado.............................................
Connecticut........................................
Delaware.............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2

3
3
2
3
3
3
1
1
2

5
4
3
4
4
4
2
4

7
5
6
5
2
5

8
5
7
3
6

11
7
9
8

15
13
11

_
19
-

G eorgia................................................
H a w aii..................................................
Id a h o ....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Io w a......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky.............................................
Louisiana .............................................
M a in e ...................................................

2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1

3
3
3
2
2
3
3
-

5
4
4
3
4
5

7
5
6
6
7

11
8
9
11

15
12
15

16
21

-

-

8
6
7
8
-

-

-

-

Maryland.............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan .............................................
Minnesota...........................................
Mississippi..........................................
Missouri................................................
M ontana..............................................
Nebraska............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................

2
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

3
2
2
3
2
3
2
2

4
3
3
4
3
4
-

6
"
5
5
6
-

7
5
5
7
-

9
7
8
9
-

10
11
-

14
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Jersey ........................................
New Mexico .......................................
New Y o rk............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota......................................
O h io ......................................................
Oklahom a...........................................
O regon................................................
Pennsylvania......................................
Rhode Island......................................

1
1
2

2
2
2
2
3
3
3
-

3
3
3
4
4
4

4
-

5
-

7
8
6
8
8

9
-

-

11

15

8
-

-

-

“

2
1
2
2

3
-

4
-

3

4
4

1
1

-

2
2

3

5

3

4

1

2

4

5
6
6
7
6
6
"

South Carolina...................................
South D akota.....................................
Tennessee ..........................................
Texas ...................................................
U tah ......................................................
Vermont ..............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington ........................................
West Virginia......................................
Wisconsin...........................................
Wyoming.............................................




1
1
2
2
2
2
1

2
1

3

.

3

5

5

4
-

4
6
6
6
-

5
5
-

5

151

11
-

-

-

-

-

8
-

11

_

10
10

-

-

14

19

-

-

10

14

-

7

9

-

-

“

“

"

6
7
7
7
-

Table B-16. Sampling errors at the 90*percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic
origin by State
(In thousands)

Estimated level
2
Alabam a......................................................
Alaska .........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
Connecticut................................................
Delaw are.....................................................
District of Columbia..................................
Florida.........................................................

2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2

5

10

20

25

250

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3
3
3
-

4
4
4
4
-

2

3

6
6
6
5

7
7
7
6

9
10
8

_
4
-

_
5
-

_
6
-

_
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5
8
-

11
“
■“

-

-

-

“

“

10
"
~

14
-

_
"
19

-

-

-

2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1

M aryland.....................................................
Massachusetts..........................................
Michigan .....................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
M ontana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
N evada........................................................
New Hampshire.........................................

2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1

2
2
3
~
2
-

4
3
5
-

5
4
5
-

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New Y o rk ....................................................
North Carolina............................................
North D akota..............................................
O h io .............................................................
Oklahoma ...................................................
O regon........................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................
Rhode Island..............................................

1
1
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1

2
2
2
2
3
3
3
-

3
2
3
-

-

-

South C arolina...........................................
South D a ko ta.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
U ta h .............................................................
Verm on t......................................................
Virginia ........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
W yom ing.....................................................

2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
1

_

_

_

-

3
2
-

4
-

6
-

7
-

4
~
3
1

14
-

-

“

“

152

_

19
-

22
-

27
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

*
-

_

400

-

G eorgia.......................................................
Hawaii .........................................................
Id a h o ...........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Indiana ........................................................
Io w a .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

_

200

_

1
3
3
2
2
3
-




100

50

22
“

“
“
“
“
“

-

“

“

'

'

Table B-17. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by State
(In thousands)

10

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

Alabam a...............................................
A lask a..................................................
Arizona .................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California.............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut........................................
Delaware.............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

2
1
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
2

4
2
4
3
3
4
3
1
1
3

5
2
6
4
5
5
4
2
2
5

8
3
8
6
7
7
6
3
2
6

8
4
9
7
8
8
6
3
3
7

12
5
12
9
11
11
9
4
4
10

17
7
17
13
16
16
12
5
5
14

23
7
24
18
22
22
17
6
6
20

26
7
27
19
25
24
19
6
6
22

32
32
23
31
30
23
5
5
28

37
38
26
38
35
26
34

41
41
28
43
38
29
39

G eorgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Id a h o ....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Io w a......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky.............................................
Louisiana ............................................
M a in e ..................................................

3
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1

4
2
2
3
4
3
3
3
4
2

6
3
3
4
5
4
4
5
6
3

9
4
4
6
7
5
6
6
8
4

10
4
4
6
8
6
6
7
9
4

14
6
6
9
11
8
9
10
12
6

19
8
8
12
16
12
12
14
17
8

27
11
10
18
22
16
17
20
24
10

30
11
11
20
25
18
19
22
27
11

37
12
12
25
30
22
23
27
33
12

44
10
9
30
36
25
26
32
39
11

50
34
41
27
27
35
43
-

M aryland.............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota...........................................
Mississippi ..........................................
Missouri................................................
M ontana...............................................
Nebraska .............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................

3
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1

4
2
3
3
3
4
2
2
3
2

6
3
4
5
4
5
3
3
5
2

8
4
5
7
6
8
4
5
6
3

9
4
6
8
7
9
4
5
7
4

13
6
9
11
10
12
6
7
10
5

18
9
12
15
14
17
8
10
13
7

24
12
17
21
19
24
10
13
17
9

27
14
19
24
20
27
11
14
18
10

34
17
24
29
25
33
10
17
19
11

40
20
28
35
28
39
2
18
15
9

44
23
32
38
30
44
17
-

New Jersey .......................................
New Mexico .......................................
New Y o rk............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota......................................
O hio......................................................
O klahom a...........................................
O regon.................................................
Pennsylvania......................................
Rhode Island......................................

1
2
2
1
1
2
2
3
2
1

2
3
3
2
2
3
3
4
3
2

3
5
4
3
2
4
5
6
4
2

4
7
5
4
3
5
7
8
6
3

5
8
6
5
3
6
8
9
6
4

7
11
8
7
5
9
11
13
9
5

10
15
11
9
6
12
15
18
13
7

14
20
16
13
8
17
21
25
18
9

15
21
18
15
8
19
23
27
20
10

19
24
22
18
6
24
28
33
25
10

23
25
27
22
29
33
38
30
8

26
21
31
25
33
36
41
35
-

South Carolina...................................
South D a kota.....................................
Tennessee ..........................................
Texas ...................................................
U tah ......................................................
Verm ont...............................................
Virginia................................................
Washington ........................................
West Virginia......................................
Wisconsin ...........................................
Wyoming.............................................

2
1
3
3
2
1
3
3
1
3
1

3
2
4
5
3
1
5
4
2
4
2

4
2
6
7
4
2
7
6
3
6
2

5
3
8
9
6
2
10
9
5
8
3

6
4
9
10
7
3
11
10
5
9
3

8
5
13
15
10
4
16
14
7
13
4

11
7
18
21
13
5
22
19
10
18
6

16
8
26
29
18
6
31
27
14
25
6

18
8
28
32
19
5
34
30
15
28
6

21
7
35
41
22
1
42
36
18
34
*

25
42
49
23
50
43
19
41

27
46
56
20
57
48
20
45

“

“

2




5

153

-

Table B-17. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by State —Continued
(In thousands)

Alabam a...............................................
A la s k a ..................................................
Arizona .................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut.........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

44
-

47
43
20
58
39
30
_
51

44
_

_
_
73
_
61

43
28
48
40
30
43

G eorgia................................................
H a w aii..................................................
Id a h o ....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Io w a ......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana .............................................
Maine ...................................................

54
37
44
28
27
37
46
-

61
44
50
25
21
38
50

M aryland..............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan ..............................................
M innesota............................................
Mississippi ..........................................
Missouri................................................
M ontana...............................................
N ebraska.............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................
New J erse y.........................................
New Mexico .......................................
New Y o rk.............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota.......................................
O h io ......................................................
O klahom a............................................
O regon.................................................
Pennsylvania......................................
Rhode Island......................................
South Carolina...................................
South D akota.....................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ...................................................
U tah ......................................................
Verm ont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
W yoming..............................................




34
66
30
25
_
57

5,000

7,500

10,000

12,500

15,000

_

.

_
96
_
_
_
_

_
107
_
_
_
-

68

53

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
-

111
_
_

107
_
_
_
_

96
_
_
_
_

64
53
50
-

58
-

40
-

_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_

-

64
49
51
34
48
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
25
35
41
30
47
13
-

52
28
41
44
24
53
-

51
30
46
43
54
-

45
30
48
36
51
-

_
44
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
35
27
36
38
42
38

33
41
31
43
37
37
46
-

36
47
33
48
29
51
-

37
51
33
51
55
-

28
64
54
61
-

_

_

_

_

66
29
48
-

59
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

_

_

_

_

_

_

29

29

_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
63

55
75

56
84

52
92

-

-

-

-

-

111

109

83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
51
49

69
56

73
55

72
49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54

54
*

50
“

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

”

“

154

-

Table B-18. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black
persons by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level
2

5

10

20

25

50

100

200

Alabam a......................................................
A la s k a .........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
Connecticut ...............................................
Delaware.....................................................
District of Columbia..................................
Florida.........................................................

3
0
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

4
1
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
2

6
1
3
4
3
3
3
1
1
3

8
4
5
4
4
4
2
2
4

9
5
6
5
4
4
2
2
5

13
6
8
7
6
6
3
3
6

18
11
10
9
9
4
9

25
15
14
-

G eorgia.......................................................
Hawaii .........................................................
Id a h o ...........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Indiana........................................................
Io w a .............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1

4
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
-

6
3
3
3
3
4
5
-

8
4
5
4
4
6
7

9
5
5
5
7
7

13
6
7
7
10
10

18
9
10
10
14
15

-

-

-

-

25
13
14
19
20
-

600

800

1,000

1,500

27
25

_
30
27

_
-

_

28
15
4
14

34
19
18

40
23
22

28
14
22

34
18
28

46
25
-

50
-

_
-

-

-

41
21
33
-

-

-

-

26
18
20
-

-

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1

4
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
-

5
3
3
4
4
5
2
2
-

6
3
4
5
5
5
3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Jersey ...............................................
New Mexico ..............................................
New Y o rk....................................................
North Carolina...........................................
North Dakota.............................................
O h io .............................................................
O klahom a...................................................
O regon........................................................
Pennsylvania.............................................
Rhode Island.............................................

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
1

2
2
3
3
3
4
3
3
2

3
3
4
4
4
5
4
4
2

3
4
4
4
6
4
4
-

5
6
6
6
8
6
-

7
8
8
8
11
8
-

10
11
11
12
15
12
-

11
12
13
13
13
-

13
16
16
16
16
-

16
19
19
20
-

_
22
21
-

24
-

29
-

-

-

-

-

South Carolina ..........................................
South D a ko ta............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
U ta h .............................................................
Vermont ......................................................
Virginia........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia.............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
W yoming.....................................................

2
1
2
2
1
1

3
3
3

4
4
4
2
6

6
6
5
-

9
10
8
-

17
19
16
27
-

23
26
23
37
-

27
28
-

_

-

-

5
3
5

13
14
12
19
10
12
“

19
21
18
-

3

6
7
6
10
5
6
“

32
-

35
-

-




3

4

1
1
2
1

2
2

3

2
4

9

~

14
7
8

155

16
9
11
13
15
-

18
12
15
16
-

-

2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1

1

11
6
8
10
11
-

400

M aryland.....................................................
Massachusetts..........................................
Michigan .....................................................
M innesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
M ontana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire........................................

-

8
4
5
7
7
7
4

12
4
13

250

30
-

-

-

“

“

22
15
18
20
-

-

44
-

-

-

-

“

“

“

Table B-19. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons
of Hispanic origin by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level
2

5

10

Alabama...............................................
A lask a..................................................
Arizona .................................................
Arkansas..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut.........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

2
1
3
1
2
2
1
1
1
1

3
1
5
2
3
3
2
1
1
2

G eorgia................................................
H a w aii..................................................
Id a h o ....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Io w a......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana.............................................
M a in e ...................................................

2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1

3
1
2
2
3
2
3

M aryland..............................................
Massachusetts...................................
M ichigan..............................................
M innesota............................................
Mississippi...........................................
Missouri................................................
M ontana...............................................
N ebraska.............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................

2
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
1

New J erse y.........................................
New M exico ........................................
New Y o rk.............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota.......................................
O hio......................................................
O klahom a............................................
O regon.................................................
Pennsylvania......................................
Rhode Island.......................................
South Carolina...................................
South Dakota.....................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ...................................................
U tah ......................................................
V erm ont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia......................................
W isconsin............................................
Wyoming..............................................




-

4
1
7
3
4
5
3
-

100

200

250

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
-

11
7
7
5
-

16
-

22
13
15
10
11

30
18
20
15

10
-

14
-

6
7
5
2
5

4
2
2
3
4
3
4

6
3
3
4
5
5
6

-

-

3
5
6
7
6

7
8
10
9
-

5

5

8

3
4

4

5

5

5
-

5

4
4
2

9

-

-

-

7
-

6
-

3
2
3
4

5

9
10
7
7

-

-

-

1

50

4

3

2
2
2
3
2
3
1
3
2

25

1
3

-

-

20

6
-

-

4

3
-

-

5

16
-

20
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
-

25
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
-

-

-

68
-

-

7
9

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

9

13

5

7

_
19
-

26
-

29
-

37
-

-

-

-

2

3
1
1

2
1

4

3
4

6

2

3

-

2
3
1

-

-

3
5

8
4
-

4

5

7

11
-

-

8
17
“

3

4

5

6
12
-

1

2

2

“

-

-

8
8
9

-

3

1

156

-

-

2

7

-

-

1

5

4

-

-

-

3

7
8
9

-

-

-

5
6
7

61
-

-

-

5
5
6

2,500

-

6
6
7
-

_
55
-

-

2

-

2,000

-

1
1

1
2
2

-

-

4
4
5

_
49
-

36
29

3
4
4

-

4
4
4
3

1,500

_
40
-

31
25

2
3
3
2
1

1
1

3
3
3
2

2
2
2
2

1

1,000

_
-

33
21
17

12
12
14
“
-

1
1

800

_

-

-

-

600

_
41
26
21

-

6
-

400

10

-

11
11
13
-

16
18
-

“

“

-

51
“

57
-

”

~

77
-

-

“
-

“

“

“

In d e x to ta b le s B -20 to B-25 o f s a m p lin g e rro rs fo r
ra te s b y S ta te

B-20

B-21

B-22

B-23

B-24

B-25

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Alabam a.................................
Alaska.....................................
A rizona...................................
Arkansas .................................
California.................................
Colorado.................................
Connecticut.............................
Delaware.................................
District of Columbia ..............
Florida.....................................

10

5

3

10

6

10

1

1

1

4

1

1

3

3

2

10

2

6

6

8

8

5
14

2

2

1

2

2

1

5

6

5

6

4
4

2

6

3
32
4
4
9

3
3

10

3
4
5

Georgia...................................
Hawaii.....................................
Idaho .......................................
Illinois .....................................
In d ia na ...................................
Iowa .......................................
Kansas ...................................
Kentucky.................................
Louisiana.................................
Maine .....................................

10

5

5

8
8

8
8

6
6

7
7

3

9

10

8

Maryland.................................
Massachusetts.........................
Michigan.................................
Minnesota...............................
Mississippi...............................
Missouri...................................
M ontana.................................
Nebraska.................................
Nevada ...................................
New Ham pshire....................
New Jersey.............................
New M exico ...........................
New York ...............................
North Carolina.........................
North Dakota..........................
Ohio .......................................
Oklahoma...............................
Oregon ...................................
Pennsylvania..........................
Rhode Island..........................
South Carolina ......................
South Dakota ........................
Tennessee ...............................
T e x a s .......................................
Utah .......................................
Vermont...................................
Virginia ...................................
Washington.............................
West Virginia...........................
W isconsin...............................
Wyoming.................................




3
1
1

2

3
11

6
12

8

3
4
5
5
6

3
11

8

7

5

6

2

2

3

1

2

10

3

6

6

11

6

6

6

8
8

8

2

3

2

2

3

13
7

6

2

3
5
8

3
9

10

5
3
7

2

2

10

10

7

7

6

8

6

6

4

12

3
11

14

6

8

7
9

11

2

3

1

2

6

9

8

3

2

8

2

2

10

2

10

8

4
7

3
9
9

10

12

11

10

5

8
8

3
4
7
9
9

4
5

6

8

5

10

8

9

1

10

7
8

9

6

7

10

1

11

9
9
9
9

6

3
3
3

10

7
9
10

7
5
3
4

6

11

7
9

11

6

11

14
5

9
7
1
6

1

10

8

9

12

11

6

11

10

13
4
13

10

11

14

12

3

9
4

9

8

9
10

11

10

2

2

2

7

7
4

10

2
2

4

10

4
3
3
7
4
3
5
7

10

2
11

2

10

4

9

157

8
8

10

9

1

7

2

3
9

10

13

2

8

1

4

10

4

2

11

10

3
9
9

1

12

6

11

2
11

7

14
4

13

5

10

2
10

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

3.33
2.11
1.49
1.05
.94
.67
.47
.33
.30
.24

4.65
2.94
2.08
1.47
1.32
.93
.66
.47
.42
.33

6.38
4.04
2.86
2.02
1.81
1.28
.91
.65
.59
.47

7.58
4.80
3.39
2.40
2.15
1.53
1.09
.78
.71
.57

8.47
5.36
3.79
2.69
2.41
1.71
1.23
.89
.80
.65

9.14
5.79
4.10
2.91
2.60
1.86
1.33
.97
.88
.72

10.12
6.41
4.55
3.23
2.90
2.08
1.51
1.12
1.03
.87

10.30
6.54
4.64
3.32
2.98
2.16
1.60
1.22
1.13
.98

9.73
6.18
4.41
3.17
2.86
2.11
1.60
1.27
1.19
1.07

9.12
5.77
4.08
2.88
2.58
1.82
1.29
.91
.82
.65
.53
.46
.41
.33
.29
.26
.18
.15
.13
.12
.11

12.81
8.10
5.73
4.05
3.62
2.56
1.81
1.28
1.15
.91
.74
.64
.57
.47
.41
.36
.26
.21
.18
.16
.15

17.84
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.05
3.57
2.52
1.78
1.60
1.26
1.03
.89
.80
.65
.56
.51
.36
.29
.25
.23
.21

21.51
13.60
9.62
6.80
6.08
4.30
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52
1.24
1.08
.96
.79
.68
.61
.43
.35
.31
.27
.25

24.44
15.46
10.93
7.73
6.91
4.89
3.46
2.44
2.19
1.73
1.41
1.22
1.09
.89
.77
.69
.49
.40
.35
.31
.29

26.87
16.99
12.02
8.50
7.60
5.37
3.80
2.69
2.40
1.90
1.55
1.34
1.20
.98
.85
.76
.54
.44
.38
.35
.32

31.48
19.91
14.08
9.96
8.90
6.30
4.45
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.58
1.41
1.15
1.00
.90
.64
.52
.45
.41
.38

34.63
21.90
15.49
10.95
9.79
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.45
2.00
1.74
1.55
1.27
1.10
.99
.70
.58
.50
.46
.42

36.68
23.20
16.41
11.60
10.38
7.34
5.19
3.67
3.28
2.60
2.12
1.84
1.65
1.35
1.17
1.05
.75
.62
.54
.49
.45

8.13
5.14
3.64
2.57
2.30
1.63
1.15
.81
.73
.58
.47
.41
.36
.30
.26
.23
.16
.13

11.43
7.23
5.11
3.62
3.23
2.29
1.62
1.14
1.02
.81
.66
.57
.51
.42
.36
.32
.23
.19

15.97
10.10
7.14
5.05
4.52
3.19
2.26
1.60
1.43
1.13
.92
.80
.71
.58
.51
.45
.32
.26

19.32
12.22
8.64
6.11
5.46
3.86
2.73
1.93
1.73
1.37
1.12
.97
.86
.71
.61
.55
.39
.32

22.02
13.93
9.85
6.96
6.23
4.40
3.11
2.20
1.97
1.56
1.27
1.10
.99
.81
.70
.62
.44
.36

24.29
15.37
10.87
7.68
6.87
4.86
3.44
2.43
2.17
1.72
1.40
1.22
1.09
.89
.77
.69
.49
.40

28.74
18.18
12.85
9.09
8.13
5.75
4.07
2.88
2.57
2.03
1.66
1.44
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.58
.48

31.98
20.22
14.30
10.11
9.04
6.40
4.52
3.20
2.86
2.26
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17
1.02
.91
.65
.53

34.34
21.72
15.36
10.86
9.71
6.87
4.86
3.44
3.07
2.43
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.26
1.09
.98
.70
.58

15

20

25

Part 1:
Alaska, Delaware, the District of
Columbia, North Dakota, Vermont,
and Wyoming
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
Part 2:
California, Colorado, Indiana,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, and
Texas
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................
10,000 ..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................
Part 3:
Arizona, Connecticut, Illinois,
Iowa, Maryland, Oklahoma,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, and South
Carolina
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................




158

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

6.29
3.98
2.81
1.99
1.78
1.26
.89
.63
.56
.44
.36
.31
.28
.23
.20
.18
.13

8.84
5.59
3.95
2.79
2.50
1.77
1.25
.88
.79
.62
.51
.44
.40
.32
.28
.25
.18

12.34
7.81
5.52
3.90
3.49
2.47
1.75
1.23
1.10
.87
.71
.62
.55
.45
.39
.35
.25

14.92
9.44
6.67
4.72
4.22
2.98
2.11
1.49
1.34
1.06
.86
.75
.67
.55
.47
.42
.30

17.01
10.76
7.61
5.38
4.81
3.40
2.41
1.70
1.52
1.20
.98
.85
.76
.62
.54
.48
.34

18.76
11.87
8.39
5.93
5.31
3.75
2.65
1.88
1.68
1.33
1.08
.94
.84
.69
.60
.53
.38

22.18
14.03
9.92
7.01
6.27
4.44
3.14
2.22
1.99
1.57
1.28
1.11
.99
.81
.71
.63
.45

24.66
15.59
11.03
7.80
6.97
4.93
3.49
2.47
2.21
1.75
1.43
1.24
1.11
.91
.79
.71
.50

5.21
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.47
1.04
.74
.52
.47
.37
.30
.26

7.21
4.56
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.44
1.02
.73
.65
.52
.42
.37

9.71
6.14
4.35
3.08
2.75
1.95
1.38
.99
.88
.71
.58
.51

11.28
7.14
5.05
3.58
3.20
2.27
1.61
1.16
1.04
.84
.70
.62

12.28
7.77
5.50
3.90
3.49
2.48
1.77
1.27
1.15
.93
.78
.70

12.84
8.12
5.75
4.08
3.65
2.60
1.86
1.35
1.22
1.00
.85
.76

12.58
7.97
5.65
4.02
3.61
2.59
1.88
1.40
1.28
1.08
.96
.88

9.61
6.11
4.36
3.14
2.83
2.09
1.59
1.27
1.19
1.07
1.00
.96

.63
.86
.90
.95
.98
.99

7.40
4.68
3.31
2.34
2.09
1.48
1.05
.74
.66
.52
.43
.37
.33
.27
.23
.21
.15
.12
.10

10.40
6.58
4.65
3.29
2.94
2.08
1.47
1.04
.93
.74
.60
.52
.47
.38
.33
.29
.21
.17
.15

14.53
9.19
6.50
4.59
4.11
2.91
2.05
1.45
1.30
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.53
.46
.41
.29
.24
.21

17.58
11.12
7.86
5.56
4.97
3.52
2.49
1.76
1.57
1.24
1.02
.88
.79
.64
.56
.50
.35
.29
.25

20.04
12.68
8.96
6.34
5.67
4.01
2.83
2.00
1.79
1.42
1.16
1.00
.90
.73
.63
.57
.40
.33
.28

22.12
13.99
9.89
6.99
6.26
4.42
3.13
2.21
1.98
1.56
1.28
1.11
.99
.81
.70
.63
.44
.36
.31

26.18
16.56
11.71
8.28
7.41
5.24
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.96
.83
.74
.53
.43
.37

29.15
18.44
13.04
9.22
8.25
5.83
4.12
2.92
2.61
2.06
1.68
1.46
1.31
1.07
.92
.83
.59
.48
.42

31.33
19.82
14.01
9.91
8.86
6.27
4.43
3.13
2.80
2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89
.63
.52
.45

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 4:
New Jersey and West Virginia
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................

26.46
16.73
11.83
8.37
7.48
5.29
3.74
2.65
2.37
1.88
1.53
1.33
1.19
.97
.85
.76
.54

Part 5:
Maine, New Hampshire, and New
Mexico
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

_

Part 6:
Arkansas, Florida, Kansas,
Michigan, Mississippi, New York,
and Ohio
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................
10,000 ..................................................




159

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

5.81
3.67
2.60
1.84
1.64
1.16
.82
.58
.52
.41
.34
.29
.26
.21
.18
.16
.12

8.16
5.16
3.65
2.58
2.31
1.63
1.15
.82
.73
.58
.47
.41
.37
.30
.26
.23
.16

11.38
7.20
5.09
3.60
3.22
2.28
1.61
1.14
1.02
.81
.66
.57
.51
.42
.36
.32
.23

13.74
8.69
6.15
4.35
3.89
2.75
1.94
1.37
1.23
.97
.79
.69
.62
.50
.44
.39
.28

15.64
9.89
6.99
4.94
4.42
3.13
2.21
1.56
1.40
1.11
.90
.78
.70
.57
.50
.45
.32

17.22
10.89
7.70
5.44
4.87
3.44
2.44
1.72
1.54
1.22
1.00
.86
.77
.63
.55
.49
.35

20.26
12.81
9.06
6.41
5.73
4.05
2.87
2.03
1.81
1.44
1.17
1.02
.91
.75
.65
.58
.42

22.39
14.16
10.01
7.08
6.33
4.48
3.17
2.24
2.01
1.59
1.30
1.13
1.01
.83
.72
.65
.47

23.86
15.09
10.67
7.55
6.75
4.78
3.38
2.39
2.14
1.70
1.39
1.21
1.08
.89
.77
.70
.51

4.76
3.01
2.13
1.51
1.35
.95
.67
.48
.43
.34
.28

6.69
4.23
2.99
2.12
1.89
1.34
.95
.67
.60
.47
.39

9.35
5.91
4.18
2.96
2.64
1.87
1.32
.94
.84
.66
.54

11.30
7.15
5.06
3.58
3.20
2.26
1.60
1.13
1.01
.80
.66

12.88
8.15
5.76
4.08
3.65
2.58
1.82
1.29
1.16
.92
.75

14.21
8.99
6.36
4.50
4.02
2.84
2.01
1.43
1.28
1.01
.83

16.80
10.63
7.52
5.32
4.75
3.36
2.38
1.69
1.51
1.20
.98

18.68
11.81
8.36
5.91
5.29
3.74
2.65
1.88
1.69
1.34
1.10

20.04
12.68
8.97
6.34
5.67
4.02
2.85
2.02
1.81
1.44
1.19

3.77
2.39
1.69
1.19
1.07
.75
.53
.38
.34
.27

5.28
3.34
2.36
1.67
1.49
1.06
.75
.53
.47
.38

7.32
4.63
3.27
2.32
2.07
1.47
1.04
.74
.66
.53

8.77
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.49
1.76
1.25
.89
.80
.64

9.91
6.27
4.43
3.14
2.81
1.99
1.41
1.01
.90
.72

10.82
6.85
4.84
3.43
3.07
2.18
1.55
1.11
.99
.80

12.44
7.87
5.57
3.95
3.53
2.51
1.79
1.29
1.16
.94

13.35
8.45
5.98
4.24
3.80
2.71
1.94
1.41
1.28
1.05

13.70
8.68
6.15
4.37
3.91
2.80
2.02
1.48
1.35
1.13

10.81
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.16
1.53
1.08
.97
.77
.62
.54
.48
.40
.34
.31
.22

15.13
9.57
6.77
4.79
4.28
3.03
2.14
1.51
1.35
1.07
.88
.76
.68
.55
.48
.43
.31

20.94
13.24
9.36
6.62
5.92
4.19
2.96
2.10
1.88
1.48
1.21
1.05
.94
.77
.67
.60
.43

25.06
15.85
11.21
7.93
7.09
5.01
3.55
2.51
2.25
1.78
1.45
1.26
1.13
.93
.81
.72
.52

28.25
17.87
12.63
8.93
7.99
5.65
4.00
2.83
2.53
2.01
1.64
1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.82
.60

30.79
19.48
13.77
9.74
8.71
6.16
4.36
3.09
2.76
2.19
1.79
1.56
1.40
1.15
1.00
.90
.66

35.18
22.25
15.74
11.13
9.96
7.05
4.99
3.54
3.17
2.51
2.06
1.80
1.61
1.34
1.17
1.06
.79

37.47
23.70
16.76
11.86
10.61
7.51
5.32
3.78
3.39
2.69
2.22
1.94
1.74
1.45
1.28
1.17
.89

38.05
24.07
17.03
12.05
10.78
7.63
5.41
3.85
3.46
2.76
2.28
2.00
1.81
1.52
1.35
1.23
.97

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 7:
Massachusetts, Nebraska, North
Carolina, and Utah
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
Part 8:
Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada,
and Rhode Island
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
Part 9:
South Dakota
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
Part 10:
Alabama, Georgia, Minnesota,
Tennessee, Virginia, Washington,
and Wisconsin
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................




160

Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State

State and size of
civilian labor force
(in thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

2.93
1.85
1.31

4.13
2.61
1.85

5.80
3.67
2.59

7.07
4.47
3.16

8.11
5.13
3.63

9.02
5.70
4.03

9.43
5.96
4.22
2.98
2.67
1.89
1.33
.94
.84
.67
.54
.47
.42

13.30
8.41
5.95
4.20
3.76
2.66
1.88
1.33
1.19
.94
.77
.66
.59

18.70
11.83
8.36
5.91
5.29
3.74
2.65
1.87
1.67
1.32
1.08
.93
.84

22.78
14.41
10.19
7.20
6.44
4.56
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.31
1.14
1.02

26.16
16.55
11.70
8.27
7.40
5.23
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17

8.44
5.34
3.78
2.67
2.39
1.69
1.19
.84

11.91
7.53
5.33
3.77
3.37
2.38
1.68
1.19

16.75
10.60
7.49
5.30
4.74
3.35
2.37
1.67

20.41
12.91
9.13
6.45
5.77
4.08
2.88
2.04

3.86
2.44
1.72
1.22
1.09
.77
.55
.39
.34

5.44
3.44
2.43
1.72
1.54
1.09
.77
.54
.49

7.65
4.84
3.42
2.42
2.16
1.53
1.08
.76
.68

10.95
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.19
1.55
1.10
.98
.77
.63
.55
.49

15.39
9.73
6.88
4.87
4.35
3.08
2.18
1.54
1.38
1.09
.89
.77
.69

21.46
13.57
9.60
6.79
6.07
4.29
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52
1.24
1.07
.96

20

25

10.88
6.88
4.86

12.36
7.82
5.52

13.60
8.60
6.07

29.09
18.40
13.01
9.20
8.23
5.82
4.11
2.91
2.60
2.06
1.68
1.45
1.30

35.13
22.22
15.71
11.11
9.94
7.02
4.97
3.51
3.14
2.48
2.03
1.75
1.57

39.97
25.28
17.88
12.64
11.31
7.99
5.65
4.00
3.57
2.82
2.30
1.99
1.78

44.03
27.85
19.69
13.92
12.45
8.80
6.22
4.40
3.93
3.11
2.54
2.20
1.96

23.44
14.82
10.48
7.41
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.34

26.06
16.48
11.65
8.24
7.37
5.21
3.68
2.60

31.47
19.90
14.07
9.95
8.90
6.29
4.44
3.14

35.82
22.65
16.02
11.32
10.13
7.16
5.05
3.57

39.45
24.95
17.64
12.47
11.15
7.88
5.56
3.92

9.32
5.89
4.17
2.95
2.63
1.86
1.31
.93
.83

10.70
6.77
4.78
3.38
3.02
2.14
1.51
1.06
.95

11.90
7.52
5.32
3.76
3.36
2.37
1.67
1.18
1.05

14.37
9.09
6.42
4.54
4.06
2.86
2.02
1.41
1.26

16.35
10.34
7.31
5.16
4.61
3.25
2.29
1.60
1.42

18.01
11.39
8.05
5.68
5.08
3.58
2.51
1.75
1.55

25.92
16.39
11.59
8.20
7.33
5.18
3.67
2.59
2.32
1.83
1.50
1.30
1.16

29.49
18.65
13.19
9.33
8.34
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.64
2.09
1.71
1.48
1.32

32.49
20.55
14.53
10.27
9.19
6.50
4.60
3.25
2.91
2.30
1.88
1.63
1.46

38.25
24.19
17.11
12.10
10.82
7.65
5.41
3.83
3.43
2.71
2.22
1.92
1.72

42.31
26.76
18.92
13.38
11.97
8.47
5.99
4.24
3.79
3.00
2.46
2.13
1.91

45.14
28.55
20.19
14.28
12.77
9.03
6.39
4.53
4.05
3.21
2.63
2.28
2.05

15

Part 1:
Alaska
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
Part 2:
California, Indiana, Maryland,
Minnesota, Missouri, Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia, Washington, and
Wisconsin
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
Part 3:
Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut,
and Kentucky
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
Part 4:
Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Montana, and Vermont
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
Part 5:
Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................




161

Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State
—Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 6:
Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,
and New Jersey
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................

7.26
4.59
3.25
2.30
2.05
1.45
1.03
.73
.65
.51
.42

10.24
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.05
1.45
1.02
.92
.72
.59

14.40
9.11
6.44
4.55
4.07
2.88
2.04
1.44
1.29
1.02
.83

17.54
11.09
7.84
5.55
4.96
3.51
2.48
1.75
1.57
1.24
1.01

20.13
12.73
9.00
6.37
5.69
4.03
2.85
2.01
1.80
1.42
1.16

22.38
14.16
10.01
7.08
6.33
4.48
3.16
2.24
2.00
1.58
1.29

27.01
17.08
12.08
8.54
7.64
5.40
3.82
2.70
2.41
1.91
1.55

30.72
19.43
13.74
9.71
8.69
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.74
2.17
1.77

33.82
21.39
15.12
10.69
9.56
6.76
4.78
3.38
3.02
2.38
1.94

5.41
3.42
2.42
1.71
1.53

7.63
4.83
3.41
2.41
2.16

10.73
6.79
4.80
3.39
3.04

13.07
8.27
5.85
4.13
3.70

15.01
9.50
6.71
4.75
4.25

16.69
10.56
7.46
5.28
4.72

20.16
12.75
9.01
6.37
5.70

22.94
14.51
10.26
7.25
6.48

25.27
15.98
11.29
7.98
7.14

5.12
3.23
2.29
1.62
1.45
1.02

7.21
4.56
3.23
2.28
2.04
1.44

10.14
6.41
4.53
3.21
2.87
2.03

12.35
7.81
5.52
3.90
3.49
2.47

14.17
8.96
6.34
4.48
4.01
2.83

15.75
9.96
7.04
4.98
4.45
3.14

18.99
12.01
8.49
6.00
5.36
3.79

21.57
13.64
9.64
6.81
6.09
4.30

23.72
15.00
10.60
7.49
6.70
4.73

7.65
4.84
3.42
2.42
2.16
1.53
1.08
.76
.68
.54
.44
.38
.34
.28

10.78
6.82
4.82
3.41
3.05
2.16
1.53
1.08
.96
.76
.62
.54
.48
.39

15.17
9.59
6.78
4.80
4.29
3.03
2.15
1.52
1.36
1.07
.88
.76
.68
.55

18.48
11.69
8.26
5.84
5.23
3.70
2.61
1.85
1.65
1.31
1.07
.92
.83
.67

21.22
13.42
9.49
6.71
6.00
4.24
3.00
2.12
1.90
1.50
1.22
1.06
.95
.77

23.59
14.92
10.55
7.46
6.67
4.72
3.34
2.36
2.11
1.67
1.36
1.18
1.05
.86

28.48
18.01
12.74
9.00
8.05
5.69
4.03
2.85
2.55
2.01
1.64
1.42
1.27
1.04

32.40
20.49
14.49
10.25
9.16
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.44
1.18

35.68
22.56
15.96
11.28
10.09
7.13
5.04
3.56
3.19
2.52
2.05
1.78
1.59
1.29

6.03
3.81
2.70
1.91
1.71
1.21
.85
.60
.54
.43
.35
.30

8.49
5.37
3.80
2.68
2.40
1.70
1.20
.85
.76
.60
.49
.42

11.89
7.52
5.32
3.76
3.36
2.38
1.68
1.19
1.06
.84
.69
.59

14.42
9.12
6.45
4.56
4.08
2.88
2.04
1.44
1.29
1.02
.83
.72

16.49
10.43
7.38
5.22
4.66
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.47
1.17
.95
.82

18.26
11.55
8.16
5.77
5.16
3.65
2.58
1.83
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91

21.79
13.78
9.74
6.89
6.16
4.36
3.08
2.18
1.95
1.54
1.26
1.09

24.48
15.48
10.95
7.74
6.92
4.90
3.46
2.45
2.19
1.73
1.41
1.22

26.60
16.82
11.89
8.41
7.52
5.32
3.76
2.66
2.38
1.88
1.53
1.33

3.52

4.96

6.98

8.50

9.76

10.85

13.09

14.89

16.39

Part 7:
Nebraska and Utah
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
Part 8:
Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New
Hampshire, New Mexico, and
Rhode Island
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
Part 9:
Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New
York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,
Pennsylvania, and South Carolina
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
Part 10:
Massachusetts, North Carolina, and
West Virginia
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
Part 11:
North Dakota, South Dakota, and
Wyoming
2 ............................................................




162

Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by State
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

2.92
1.84
1.30

4.10
2.59
1.83

5.73
3.62
2.56

6.92
4.38
3.10

7.89
4.99
3.53

8.70
5.50
3.89

9.32
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.64
1.86
1.32
.93
.83
.66

12.99
8.22
5.81
4.11
3.68
2.60
1.84
1.30
1.16
.92

17.83
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.05
3.57
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.27

21.15
13.38
9.46
6.69
5.99
4.24
3.00
2.13
1.90
1.51

23.60
14.93
10.56
7.47
6.68
4.73
3.35
2.38
2.13
1.69

9.71
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.75
1.94
1.37
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.43
.35
.31
.27
.19

13.67
8.65
6.11
4.32
3.87
2.73
1.93
1.37
1.22
.97
.79
.68
.61
.50
.43
.39
.27

19.16
12.12
8.57
6.06
5.42
3.83
2.71
1.92
1.71
1.35
1.11
.96
.86
.70
.61
.54
.38

23.24
14.70
10.39
7.35
6.57
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.04
.85
.73
.66
.46

3.84
2.43
1.72
1.21

5.41
3.42
2.42
1.71

7.59
4.80
3.39
2.40

10.60
6.71
4.74
3.35
3.00
2.12

14.94
9.45
6.68
4.72
4.22
2.99

20.96
13.26
9.37
6.63
5.93
4.19

20

25

10.29
6.51
4.60

11.44
7.23
5.12

12.27
7.76
5.49

25.44
16.09
11.38
8.05
7.20
5.10
3.62
2.57
2.30
1.83

28.04
17.74
12.55
8.88
7.95
5.63
4.00
2.85
2.56
2.05

28.32
17.92
12.68
8.98
8.04
5.71
4.07
2.92
2.63
2.13

26.36
16.69
11.82
8.38
7.51
5.34
3.83
2.78
2.52
2.07

26.58
16.81
11.89
8.41
7.52
5.32
3.76
2.66
2.38
1.88
1.53
1.33
1.19
.97
.84
.75
.53

29.43
18.61
13.16
9.31
8.32
5.89
4.16
2.94
2.63
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.32
1.07
.93
.83
.59

35.15
22.23
15.72
11.12
9.94
7.03
4.97
3.51
3.14
2.49
2.03
1.76
1.57
1.28
1.11
.99
.70

39.52
25.00
17.68
12.50
11.18
7.90
5.59
3.95
3.53
2.79
2.28
1.98
1.77
1.44
1.25
1.12
.79

42.97
27.18
19.22
13.59
12.15
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
3.04
2.48
2.15
1.92
1.57
1.36
1.21
.86

9.23
5.84
4.13
2.92

10.57
6.69
4.73
3.34

11.73
7.42
5.24
3.71

14.08
8.90
6.29
4.45

15.92
10.07
7.12
5.03

17.41
11.01
7.78
5.50

25.47
16.11
11.39
8.05
7.20
5.09

29.18
18.46
13.05
9.23
8.25
5.84

32.36
20.47
14.47
10.23
9.15
6.47

38.82
24.55
17.36
12.28
10.98
7.76

43.87
27.74
19.62
13.87
12.41
8.77

47.95
30.33
21.44
15.16
13.56
9.59

15

Part 1:
Alaska
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
Part 2:
Arizona, Connecticut, Kentucky,
Maryland, Oklahoma, Oregon, and
Wisconsin
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................

)

Part 3:
Alabama, California, Colorado,
Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota,
Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, and
Virginia
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ...................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
Part 4:
Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Montana, South Dakota, Vermont,
and Wyoming
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
Part 5:
Georgia and Washington
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................




163

Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
20

25

16.29
10.30
7.29
5.15
4.61

18.14
11.47
8.11
5.74
5.13

19.49
12.33
8.72
6.17
5.52

18.22
11.52
8.15
5.76
5.15
3.64
2.58

21.87
13.83
9.78
6.92
6.19
4.37
3.09

24.73
15.64
11.06
7.82
6.99
4.94
3.50

27.05
17.11
12.10
8.55
7.65
5.41
3.82

18.28
11.56
8.18
5.78
5.17
3.66
2.59
1.83
1.63
1.29

20.28
12.83
9.07
6.41
5.74
4.06
2.87
2.03
1.81
1.43

24.35
15.40
10.89
7.70
6.89
4.87
3.44
2.43
2.18
1.72

27.53
17.41
12.31
8.71
7.79
5.50
3.89
2.75
2.46
1.94

30.12
19.05
13.47
9.52
8.52
6.02
4.26
3.01
2.69
2.12

12.85
8.13
5.75
4.06
3.63
2.57
1.82
1.29
1.15

14.63
9.26
6.55
4.63
4.14
2.93
2.07
1.47
1.31

16.14
10.21
7.22
5.10
4.57
3.23
2.28
1.62
1.45

19.05
12.05
8.52
6.03
5.39
3.81
2.70
1.91
1.71

21.14
13.37
9.46
6.69
5.98
4.23
3.00
2.13
1.91

22.64
14.32
10.13
7.17
6.41
4.54
3.22
2.28
2.05

18.28
11.56
8.18
5.78
5.17
3.66
2.59
1.83
1.64
1.29
1.06
.91

20.95
13.25
9.37
6.62
5.93
4.19
2.96
2.09
1.87
1.48
1.21
1.05

23.24
14.70
10.39
7.35
6.57
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.64
1.34
1.16

27.89
17.64
12.47
8.82
7.89
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.97
1.61
1.39

31.54
19.95
14.10
9.97
8.92
6.31
4.46
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.57

34.50
21.82
15.43
10.91
9.76
6.90
4.88
3.45
3.08
2.44
1.99
1.72

1

2

4

6

8

4.60
2.91
2.06
1.46
1.30

6.47
4.09
2.89
2.05
1.83

9.04
5.72
4.04
2.86
2.56

10.94
6.92
4.89
3.46
3.09

12.47
7.89
5.58
3.94
3.53

13.76
8.70
6.15
4.35
3.89

5.96
3.77
2.67
1.89
1.69
1.19
.84

8.40
5.31
3.76
2.66
2.38
1.68
1.19

11.79
7.46
5.27
3.73
3.34
2.36
1.67

14.33
9.07
6.41
4.53
4.05
2.87
2.03

16.42
10.39
7.35
5.19
4.65
3.28
2.32

6.64
4.20
2.97
2.10
1.88
1.33
.94
.66
.59
.47

9.35
5.91
4.18
2.96
2.65
1.87
1.32
.94
.84
.66

13.13
8.30
5.87
4.15
3.71
2.63
1.86
1.31
1.17
.93

15.96
10.09
7.14
5.05
4.51
3.19
2.26
1.60
1.43
1.13

5.42
3.43
2.42
1.71
1.53
1.08
.77
.54
.48

7.61
4.82
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.52
1.08
.76
.68

10.63
6.72
4.75
3.36
3.01
2.13
1.50
1.06
.95

7.61
4.81
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.52
1.08
.76
.68
.54
.44
.38

10.72
6.78
4.79
3.39
3.03
2.14
1.52
1.07
.96
.76
.62
.54

15.04
9.51
6.73
4.76
4.25
3.01
2.13
1.50
1.35
1.06
.87
.75

10

15

Part 6:
Hawaii and Idaho
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
Part 7:
Massachusetts, Nebraska, North
Carolina, Utah, and West Virginia
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
Part 8:
Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,
Mississippi, and New Jersey
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
Part 9:
Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire,
New Mexico, North Dakota, and
Rhode Island
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
Part 10:
Florida, Illinois, New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and South Carolina
2 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................




164

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

15.49
9.80
6.93
4.90
4.38
3.10
2.19
1.55
1.39
1.10
.89
.77
.69
.57
.49
.44
.31
.25
.22
.20
.18
.15
.14

24.12
15.26
10.79
7.63
6.82
4.82
3.41
2.41
2.16
1.71
1.39
1.21
1.08
.88
.76
.68
.48
.39
.34
.31
.28
.24
.22

44.27
28.00
19.80
14.00
12.52
8.85
6.26
4.43
3.96
3.13
2.56
2.21
1.98
1.62
1.40
1.25
.89
.72
.63
.56
.51
.44
.40

50.72
32.08
22.68
16.04
14.35
10.14
7.17
5.07
4.54
3.59
2.93
2.54
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.01
.83
.72
.64
.59
.51
.45

54.22
34.29
24.25
17.15
15.34
10.84
7.67
5.42
4.85
3.83
3.13
2.71
2.42
1.98
1.71
1.53
1.08
.89
.77
.69
.63
.54
.48

55.34
35.00
24.75
17.50
15.65
11.07
7.83
5.53
4.95
3.91
3.19
2.77
2.47
2.02
1.75
1.57
1.11
.90
.78
.70
.64
.55
.49

5.67
3.58
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.13
.80
.57
.51
.40
.33

8.82
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.76
1.25
.88
.79
.62
.51

16.19
10.24
7.24
5.12
4.58
3.24
2.29
1.62
1.45
1.14
.93

18.55
11.73
8.29
5.86
5.25
3.71
2.62
1.85
1.66
1.31
1.07

19.83
12.54
8.87
6.27
5.61
3.97
2.80
1.98
1.77
1.40
1.14

20.23
12.80
9.05
6.40
5.72
4.05
2.86
2.02
1.81
1.43
1.17

14.18
8.97
6.34
4.48
4.01
2.84
2.01
1.42
1.27
1.00
.82
.71
.63
.52
.45
.40
.28
.23
.20

22.08
13.96
9.87
6.98
6.24
4.42
3.12
2.21
1.97
1.56
1.27
1.10
.99
.81
.70
.62
.44
.36
.31

40.52
25.63
18.12
12.81
11.46
8.10
5.73
4.05
3.62
2.87
2.34
2.03
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.81
.66
.57

46.42
29.36
20.76
14.68
13.13
9.28
6.57
4.64
4.15
3.28
2.68
2.32
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.31
.93
.76
.66

49.63
31.39
22.19
15.69
14.04
9.93
7.02
4.96
4.44
3.51
2.87
2.48
2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
.99
.81
.70

50.65
32.03
22.65
16.02
14.33
10.13
7.16
5.07
4.53
3.58
2.92
2.53
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.01
.83
.72

Part 1:
California, Colorado, Indiana, Minnesota, New Mexico, and
Oklahoma
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................
7 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
10,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
12,5 0 0 ..............................................................................................
15,000..............................................................................................
2 0 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
2 5 ,0 0 0 ..............................................................................................
Part 2:
Delaware, the District of Columbia, and Vermont
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 .....................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
Part 3:
Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
10,000..............................................................................................




165

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

8.15
5.15
3.64
2.58
2.31
1.63
1.15
.81
.73
.58
.47
.41
.36

12.69
8.02
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.27
1.13
.90
.73
.63
.57

23.28
14.73
10.41
7.36
6.59
4.66
3.29
2.33
2.08
1.65
1.34
1.16
1.04

26.68
16.87
11.93
8.44
7.54
5.34
3.77
2.67
2.39
1.89
1.54
1.33
1.19

28.52
18.04
12.75
9.02
8.07
5.70
4.03
2.85
2.55
2.02
1.65
1.43
1.28

29.11
18.41
13.02
9.20
8.23
5.82
4.12
2.91
2.60
2.06
1.68
1.46
1.30

9.70
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.74
1.94
1.37
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.43
.35
.31
.27
.19
.16

15.10
9.55
6.75
4.78
4.27
3.02
2.14
1.51
1.35
1.07
.87
.76
.68
.55
.48
.43
.30
.25

27.72
17.53
12.39
8.76
7.84
5.54
3.92
2.77
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24
1.01
.88
.78
.55
.45

31.75
20.08
14.20
10.04
8.98
6.35
4.49
3.18
2.84
2.25
1.83
1.59
1.42
1.16
1.00
.90
.64
.52

33.94
21.47
15.18
10.73
9.(50
6.79
4.80
3.39
3.04
2.40
1.96
1.70
1.52
1.24
1.07
.96
.68
.55

34.64
21.91
15.49
10.96
9.80
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.45
2.00
1.73
1.55
1.27
1.10
.98
.69
.57

11.23
7.10
5.02
3.55
3.18
2.25
1.59
1.12
1.00
.79
.65
.56
.50
.41
.36
.32
.22
.18
.16
.14
.13

17.48
11.05
7.82
5.53
4.94
3.50
2.47
1.75
1.56
1.24
1.01
.87
.78
.64
.55
.49
.35
.29
.25
.22
.20

32.08
20.29
14.35
10.14
9.07
6.42
4.54
3.21
2.87
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17
1.01
.91
.64
.52
.45
.41
.37

36.75
23.24
16.44
11.62
10.40
7.35
5.20
3.68
3.29
2.60
2.12
1.84
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.04
.74
.60
.52
.46
.42

39.29
24.85
17.57
12.42
11.11
7.86
5.56
3.93
3.51
2.78
2.27
1.96
1.76
1.43
1.24
1.11
.79
.64
.56
.50
.45

40.10
25.36
17.93
12.68
11.34
8.02
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.84
2.32
2.01
1.79
1.46
1.27
1.13
.80
.65
.57
.51
.46

9.47
5.99
4.24
3.00
2.68
1.89
1.34
.95
.85
.67
.55
.47
.42
.35
.30
.27
.19

14.75
9.33
6.60
4.66
4.17
2.95
2.09
1.47
1.32
1.04
.85
.74
.66
.54
.47
.42
.29

27.07
17.12
12.10
8.56
7.66
5.41
3.83
2.71
2.42
1.91
1.56
1.35
1.21
.99
.86
.77
.54

31.01
19.61
13.87
9.81
8.77
6.20
4.39
3.10
2.77
2.19
1.79
1.55
1.39
1.13
.98
.88
.62

33.15
20.97
14.82
10.48
9.38
6.63
469
3.31
2.96
2.34
1.91
1.66
1.48
1.21
1.05
.94
.66

33.83
21.40
15.13
10.70
9.57
6.77
4.78
3.38
3.03
2.39
1.95
1.69
1.51
1.24
1.07
.96
.68

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 4:
Alaska, Maine, New Hampshire, and South Dakota
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
Part 5:
Nebraska, New Jersey, and West Virginia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
Part 6:
Connecticut, Iowa, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and South
Carolina
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
1 0 ,000...............................................................................................
1 2 ,500...............................................................................................
1 5 ,000...............................................................................................
Part 7:
Hawaii, Idaho, Massachusetts, Montana, and North Carolina

2 0 ......................................................................................................

1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................




166

•

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

12.72
8.04
5.69
4.02
3.60
2.54
1.80
1.27
1.14
.90
.73
.64
.57
.46
.40
.36
.25
.21
.18

19.80
12.52
8.86
6.26
5.60
3.96
2.80
1.98
1.77
1.40
1.14
.99
.89
.72
.63
.56
.40
.32
.28

36.34
22.98
16.25
11.49
10.28
7.27
5.14
3.63
3.25
2.57
2.10
1.82
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.73
.59
.51

41.63
26.33
18.62
13.17
11.78
8.33
5.89
4.16
3.72
2.94
2.40
2.08
1.86
1.52
1.32
1.18
.83
.68
.59

44.51
28.15
19.91
14.07
12.59
8.90
6.29
4.45
3.98
3.15
2.57
2.23
1.99
1.63
1.41
1.26
.89
.73
.63

45.43
28.73
20.32
14.37
12.85
9.09
6.42
4.54
4.06
3.21
2.62
2.27
2.03
1.66
1.44
1.28
.91
.74
.64

7.35
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.47
1.04
.73
.66
.52
.42
.37

11.44
7.24
5.12
3.62
3.24
2.29
1.62
1.14
1.02
.81
.66
.57

21.00
13.28
9.39
6.64
5.94
4.20
2.97
2.10
1.88
1.48
1.21
1.05

24.06
15.21
10.76
7.61
6.80
4.81
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.70
1.39
1.20

25.72
16.27
11.50
8.13
7.27
5.14
3.64
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.48
1.29

26.25
16.60
11.74
8.30
7.42
5.25
3.71
2.62
2.35
1.86
1.52
1.31

18.39
11.63
8.22
5.81
5.20
3.68
2.60
1.84
1.64
1.30
1.06
.92
.82
.67
.58
.52
.37

28.62
18.10
12.80
9.05
8.10
5.72
4.05
2.86
2.56
2.02
1.65
1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.81
.57

52.53
33.22
23.49
16.61
14.86
10.51
7.43
5.25
4.70
3.71
3.03
2.63
2.35
1.92
1.66
1.49
1.05

60.18
38.06
26.91
19.03
17.02
12.04
8.51
6.02
5.38
4.26
3.47
3.01
2.69
2.20
1.90
1.70
1.20

64.34
40.69
28.77
20.34
18.20
12.87
9.10
6.43
5.75
4.55
3.71
3.22
2.88
2.35
2.03
1.82
1.29

65.66
41.53
29.37
20.76
18.57
13.13
9.29
6.57
5.87
4.64
3.79
3.28
2.94
2.40
2.08
1.86
1.31

20.46
12.94
9.15
6.47
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.05
1.83
1.45
1.18
1.02
.92
.75
.65
.58
.41
.33
.29
.26

31.86
20.15
14.25
10.07
9.01
6.37
4.51
3.19
2.85
2.25
1.84
1.59
1.42
1.16
1.01
.90
.64
.52
.45
.40

58.47
36.98
26.15
18.49
16.54
11.69
8.27
5.85
5.23
4.13
3.38
2.92
2.61
2.14
1.85
1.65
1.17
.95
.83
.74

42.37
29.96
21.18
18.95
13.40
9.47
6.70
5.99
4.74
3.87
3.35
3.00
2.45
2.12
1.89
1.34
1.09
.95
.85

71.61
45.29
32.03
22.65
20.25
14.32
10.13
7.16
6.41
5.06
4.13
3.58
3.20
2.61
2.26
2.03
1.43
1.17
1.01
.91

73.09
46.22
32.69
23.11
20.67
14.62
10.34
7.31
6.54
5.17
4.22
3.65
3.27
2.67
2.31
2.07
1.46
1.19
1.03
.92

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 8:
Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, and Pennsylvania
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
10,000..............................................................................................
Part 9:
North Dakota, Rhode Island, and Wyoming
2 ........................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
1 0 .....................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
Part 10:
Alabama, Arizona, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Oregon,
Tennessee, and Wisconsin
2 .......................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
1 0 .....................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................
Part 11:
Georgia, Texas, and Washington
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
2 5 0 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
7 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 0 ,000..............................................................................................
12,500..............................................................................................




167

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

21.96
13.89
9.82
6.94
6.21
4.39
3.11
2.20
1.96
1.55
1.27
1.10
.98
.80
.69
.62
.44

34.19
21.62
15.29
10.81
9.67
6.84
4.83
3.42
3.06
2.42
1.97
1.71
1.53
1.25
1.08
.97
.68

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 12:
Virginia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................
5 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................




168

62.74
39.68
28.06
19.84
17.75
12.55
8.87
6.27
5.61
4.44
3.62
3.14
2.81
2.29
1.98
1.77
1.25

71.88
45.46
32.15
22.73
20.33
14.38
10.17
7.19
6.43
5.08
4.15
3.59
3.21
2.62
2.27
2.03
1.44

76.84
48.60
34.37
24.30
21.73
15.37
10.87
7.68
6.87
5.43
4.44
3.84
3.44
2.81
2.43
2.17
1.54

78.43
49.60
35.07
24.80
22.18
15.69
11.09
7.84
7.01
5.55
4.53
3.92
3.51
2.86
2.48
2.22
1.57

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates fo r black persons by
State
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
5 or 95

3.08
1.95
1.38
.97

4.80
3.03
2.14
1.52

8.80
5.57
3.94
2.78

10.08
6.38
4.51
3.19

10.78
6.82
4.82
3.41

11.00
6.96
4.92
3.48

9.62
6.09
4 .%
3.04
2.72
1.92
1.36
.96
.86
.68
.56
.48
.43
.35

14.98
9.47
6.70
4.74
4.24
3.00
2.12
1.50
1.34
1.06
.86
.75
.67
.55

27.49
17.39
12.30
8.69
7.78
5.50
3.89
2.75
2.46
1.94
1.59
1.37
1.23
1.00

31.50
19.92
14.09
9.96
8.91
6.30
4.45
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.57
1.41
1.15

33.67
21.30
15.06
10.65
9.52
6.73
4.76
3.37
3.01
2.38
1.94
1.68
1.51
1.23

34.37
21.74
15.37
10.87
9.72
6.87
4.86
3.44
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.72
1.54
1.25

3.96
2.51
1.77
1.25
1.12
.79
.56

6.17
3.90
2.76
1.95
1.74
1.23
.87

11.32
7.16
5.06
3.58
3.20
2.26
1.60

12.97
8.20
5.80
4.10
3.67
2.59
1.83

13.86
8.77
6.20
4.38
3.92
2.77
1.96

14.15
8.95
6.33
4.47
4.00
2.83
2.00

3.92
2.48
1.75
1.24
1.11
.78
.55
.39
.35
.28

6.11
3.86
2.73
1.93
1.73
1.22
.86
.61
.55
.43

11.21
7.09
5.01
3.54
3.17
2.24
1.59
1.12
1.00
.79

12.84
8.12
5.74
4.06
3.63
2.57
1.62
1.28
1.15
.91

13.73
8.68
6.14
4.34
3.88
2.75
1.94
1.37
1.23
.97

14.01
8.86
6.27
4.43
3.96
2.80
1.98
1.40
1.25
.99

9.05
5.73
4.05
2.86
2.56
1.61
1.28
.91
.81
.64
.52
.45
.40
.33

14.09
8.91
6.30
4.46
3.99
2.82
1.99
1.41
1.26
1.00
.81
.70
.63
.51

25.87
16.36
11.57
8.18
7.32
5.17
3.66
2.59
2.31
1.83
1.49
1.29
1.16
.94

29.64
18.74
13.25
9.37
8.38
5.93
4.19
2.96
2.65
2.10
1.71
1.48
1.33
1.08

31.68
20.04
14.17
10.02
8.96
6.34
4.48
3.17
2.83
2.24
1.83
1.58
1.42
1.16

32.34
20.45
14.46
10.23
9.15
6.47
4.57
3.23
2.89
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.45
1.18

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

2 or 98

Part 1:
Alaska
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
Part 2:
California, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Missouri, and Washington
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
Part 3:
Delaware and Montana
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 .....................................................................................................
2 0 .....................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
Part 4:
The District of Columbia, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Vermont, and Wyoming
2 ........................................................................................................
6 ........................................................................................................
1 0 .....................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
4 0 0 ...................................................................................................
Part 5:
Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, and
Oregon
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
2 5 0 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
6 0 0 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 .................................................................................................




169

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
State —Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

17.72
11.21
7.93
5.61
5.01
3.54
2.51
1.77
1.59
1.25
1.02
.89
.79
.65

27.59
17.45
12.34
8.73
7.80
5.52
3.90
2.76
2.47
1.95
1.59
1.38
1.23
1.01

50.64
32.03
22.65
16.01
14.32
10.13
7.16
5.06
4.53
3.58
2.92
2.53
2.26
1.85

58.02
36.69
25.95
18.35
16.41
11.60
8.21
5.80
5.19
4.10
3.35
2.90
2.59
2.12

62.02
39.23
27.74
19.61
17.54
12.40
8.77
6.20
5.55
4.39
3.58
3.10
2.77
2.26

63.30
40.04
28.31
20.02
17.90
12.66
8.95
6.33
5.66
4.48
3.65
3.17
2.83
2.31

14.59
9.23
6.53
4.61
4.13
2.92
2.06
1.46
1.31
1.03
.84
.73
.65

22.72
14.37
10.16
7.18
6.43
4.54
3.21
2.27
2.03
1.61
1.31
1.14
1.02

41.69
26.37
18.65
13.18
11.79
8.34
5.90
4.17
3.73
2.95
2.41
2.08
1.86

47.77
30.21
21.36
15.10
13.51
9.55
6.76
4.78
4.27
3.38
2.76
2.39
2.14

51.06
32.30
22.84
16.15
14.44
10.21
7.22
5.11
4.57
3.61
2.95
2.55
2.28

52.12
32.96
23.31
16.48
14.74
10.42
7.37
5.21
4.66
3.69
3.01
2.61
2.33

6.09
3.85
2.73
1.93
1.72
1.22
.86
.61

9.49
6.00
4.24
3.00
2.68
1.90
1.34
.95

17.41
11.01
7.79
5.51
4.92
3.48
2.46
1.74

19.95
12.61
8.92
6.31
5.64
3.99
2.82
1.99

21.32
13.49
9.54
6.74
6.03
4.26
3.02
2.13

21.76
13.76
9.73
6.88
6.16
4.35
3.08
2.18

5.46
3.45
2.44
1.73
1.54
1.09
.77

8.50
5.37
3.80
2.69
2.40
1.70
1.20

15.59
9.86
6.97
4.93
4.41
3.12
2.20

17.86
11.30
7.99
5.65
5.05
3.57
2.53

19.10
12.08
8.54
6.04
5.40
3.82
2.70

19.49
12.33
8.72
6.16
5.51
3.90
2.76

6.78
4.29
3.03
2.14
1.92
1.36
.96
.68
.61
.48
.39
.34

10.56
6.68
4.72
3.34
2.99
2.11
1.49
1.06
.94
.75
.61
.53

19.38
12.26
8.67
6.13
5.48
3.88
2.74
1.94
1.73
1.37
1.12
.97

22.20
14.04
9.93
7.02
6.28
4.44
3.14
2.22
1.99
1.57
1.28
1.11

23.73
15.01
10.61
7.51
6.71
4.75
3.36
2.37
2.12
1.68
1.37
1.19

24.22
15.32
10.83
7.66
6.85
4.84
3.43
2.42
2.17
1.71
1.40
1.21

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 6:
Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
Part 7:
Louisiana
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
Part 8:
Idaho and Massachusetts
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
Part 9:
Nebraska, Nevada, and Utah
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
Part 10:
New Jersey and New Mexico
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................




170

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
State —Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
50

2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

7.85
4.96
3.51
2.48
2.22
1.57
1.11
.79
.70
.56
.45
.39
.35
.29
.25

12.22
7.73
5.47
3.86
3.46
2.44
1.73
1.22
1.09
.86
.71
.61
.55
.45
.39

22.43
14.19
10.03
7.09
6.34
4.49
3.17
2.24
2.01
1.59
1.29
1.12
1.00
.82
.71

25.70
16.25
11.49
8.13
7.27
5.14
3.63
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81

27.47
17.37
12.28
8.69
7.77
5.49
3.88
2.75
2.46
1.94
1.59
1.37
1.23
1.00
.87

28.04
17.73
12.54
8.87
7.93
5.61
3.96
2.80
2.51
1.98
1.62
1.40
1.25
1.02
.89

5.14
3.25
2.30
1.62
1.45

8.00
5.06
3.58
2.53
2.26

14.68
9.29
6.57
4.64
4.15

16.82
10.64
7.52
5.32
4.76

17.98
11.37
8.04
5.69
5.09

18.35
11.61
8.21
5.80
5.19

12.68
8.02
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.27
1.13
.90
.73
.63

19.73
12.48
8.82
6.24
5.58
3.95
2.79
1.97
1.76
1.40
1.14
.99

36.22
22.90
16.20
11.45
10.24
7.24
5.12
3.62
3.24
2.56
2.09
1.81

41.49
26.24
18.56
13.12
11.74
8.30
5.87
4.15
3.71
2.93
2.40
2.07

44.35
28.05
19.84
14.03
12.55
8.87
6.27
4.44
3.97
3.14
2.56
2.22

45.27
28.63
20.25
14.32
12.80
9.05
6.40
4.53
4.05
3.20
2.61
2.26

11.52
7.28
5.15
3.64
3.26
2.30
1.63
1.15
1.03
.81
.66
.58
.51
.42

17.93
11.34
8.02
5.67
5.07
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.60
1.27
1.03
.90
.80
.65

32.90
20.81
14.71
10.40
9.31
6.58
4.65
3.29
2.94
2.33
1.90
1.65
1.47
1.20

37.69
23.84
16.86
11.92
10.66
7.54
5.33
3.77
3.37
2.67
2.18
1.88
1.69
1.38

40.29
25.48
18.02
12.74
11.40
8.06
5.70
4.03
3.60
2.85
2.33
2.01
1.80
1.47

41.13
26.01
18.39
13.00
11.63
8.23
5.82
4.11
3.68
2.91
2.37
2.06
1.84
1.50

Part 11:
Iowa, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and West Virginia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
4 0 0 ...................................................................................................
6 0 0 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................
2 ,0 0 0 ................................................................................................
Part 12:
Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
Part 13:
Kentucky, South Carolina, and Tennessee
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
Part 14:
Arkansas, Maryland, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wisconsin
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
6 0 0 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1 ,5 0 0 ................................................................................................




171

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Part 1:
Alaska, North Dakota, and Vermont
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

•
4.51
2.85
2.02

7.01
4.44
3.14

12.87
8.14
5.76

14.75
9.33
6.60

15.77
9.97
7.05

16.09
10.18
7.20

21.97
13.90
9.83
6.95
6.21
4.39
3.11
2.20
1.97
1.55

34.21
21.63
15.30
10.82
9.67
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.42

62.78
39.70
28.08
19.85
17.76
12.56
8.88
6.28
5.62
4.44

71.92
45.49
32.16
22.74
20.34
14.38
10.17
7.19
6.43
5.09

76.89
48.63
34.38
24.31
21.75
15.38
10.87
7.69
6.88
5.44

78.47
49.63
35.09
24.82
22.20
15.69
11.10
7.85
7.02
5.55

12.92
8.17
5.78
4.09
3.65
2.58
1.83
1.29
1.16
.91
.75
.65
.58
.47
.41
.37
.26

20.11
12.72
9.00
6.36
5.69
4.02
2.84
2.01
1.80
1.42
1.16
1.01
.90
.73
.64
.57
.40

36.92
23.35
16.51
11.67
10.44
7.38
5.22
3.69
3.30
2.61
2.13
1.85
1.65
1.35
1.17
1.04
.74

42.29
26.75
18.91
13.37
11.96
8.46
5.98
4.23
3.78
2.99
2.44
2.11
1.89
1.54
1.34
1.20
.85

45.21
28.59
20.22
14.30
12.79
9.04
6.39
4.52
4.04
3.20
2.61
2.26
2.02
1.65
1.43
1.28
.90

46.14
29.18
20.64
14.59
13.05
9.23
6.53
4.61
4.13
3.26
2.66
2.31
2.06
1.68
1.46
1.31
.92

14.85
9.39
6.64
4.70
4.20
2.97
2.10
1.49
1.33

23.12
14.62
10.34
7.31
6.54
4.62
3.27
2.31
2.07

42.44
26.84
18.98
13.42
12.00
8.49
6.00
4.24
3.80

48.62
30.75
21.74
15.38
13.75
9.72
6.88
4.86
4.35

51.98
32.87
23.25
16.44
14.70
10.40
7.35
5.20
4.65

53.05
33.55
23.72
16.78
15.00
10.61
7.50
5.30
4.74

4.61
2.91
2.06
1.46

7.17
4.54
3.21
2.27

13.16
8.33
5.89
4.16

15 08
9.54
6.74
4.77

16.12
10.20
7.21
5.10

16.46
10.41
7.36
5.20

Part i :
Arizona and Washington
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
Part 3:
California, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, and Oregon
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 .......... .........................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1 ,0 0 0 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
Part 4:
Colorado
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
Part 5:
Delaware and the District of Columbia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................




172

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
50

2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

10.49
6.64
4.69
3.32
2.97
2.10
1.48
1.05
.94
.74
.61
.52
.47

16.33
10.33
7.30
5.16
4.62
3.27
2.31
1.63
1.46
1.15
.94
.82
.73

29.98
18.96
13.41
9.48
8.48
6.00
4.24
3.00
2.68
2.12
1.73
1.50
1.34

34.34
21.72
15.36
10.86
9.71
6.87
4.86
3.43
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.72
1.54

36.71
23.22
16.42
11.61
10.38
7.34
5.19
3.67
3.28
2.60
2.12
1.84
1.64

37.47
23.70
16.76
11.85
10.60
7.49
5.30
3.75
3.35
2.65
2.16
1.87
1.68

7.16
4.53
3.20
2.26
2.02
1.43
1.01
.72

11.14
7.05
4.98
3.52
3.15
2.23
1.58
1.11

20.45
12.93
9.14
6.47
5.78
4.09
2.89
2.04

23.43
14.82
10.48
7.41
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.34

25.04
15.84
11.20
7.92
7.08
5.01
3.54
2.50

25.56
16.17
11.43
8.08
7.23
5.11
3.61
2.56

7.97
5.04
3.56
2.52
2.25
1.59
1.13
.80
.71
.56
.46

12.40
7.84
5.55
3.92
3.51
2.48
1.75
1.24
1.11
.88
.72

22.76
14.39
10.18
7.20
6.44
4.55
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.31

26.08
16.49
11.66
8.25
7.38
5.22
3.69
2.61
2.33
1.84
1.51

27.88
17.63
12.47
8.82
7.88
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.97
1.61

28.45
17.99
12.72
9.00
8.05
5.69
4.02
2.85
2.54
2.01
1.64

9.15
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.59
1.83
1.29
.92
.82
.65
.53
.46
.41
.33

14.25
9.01
6.37
4.51
4.03
2.85
2.01
1.42
1.27
1.01
.82
.71
.64
.52

26.15
16.54
11.69
8.27
7.40
5.23
3.70
2.61
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.95

29.95
18.95
13.40
9.47
8.47
5.99
4.24
3.00
2.68
2.12
1.73
1.50
1.34
1.09

32.02
20.25
14.32
10.13
9.06
6.40
4.53
3.20
2.86
2.26
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17

32.68
20.67
14.62
10.34
9.24
6.54
4.62
3.27
2.92
2.31
1.89
1.63
1.46
1.19

11.90
7.53
5.32
3.76
3.37
2.38
1.68

18.53
11.72
8.29
5.86
5.24
3.71
2.62

34.01
21.51
15.21
10.75
9.62
6.80
4.81

38.96
24.64
17.42
12.32
11.02
7.79
5.51

41.65
26.34
18.63
13.17
11.78
8.33
5.89

42.51
26.88
19.01
13.44
12.02
8.50
6.01

Part 6:
Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland,
and Ohio
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
Part 7:
Idaho, Massachusetts, Nevada, North Carolina, and West
Virginia
2 ........................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
Part 8:
Arkansas, Mississippi, New Jersey, and New Mexico
2 .......................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
10 .....................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
1 0 0 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
Part 9:
Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and
Utah
2 .......................................................................................................
5 .......................................................................................................
10 .....................................................................................................
20 .....................................................................................................
25 .....................................................................................................
50 .....................................................................................................
100 ...................................................................................................
200 ...................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
Part 10:
Alabama, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
Oklahoma, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin

5 ........................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................




173

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

6.03
3.82
2.70
1.91

9.39
5.94
4.20
2.97

17.24
10.91
7.71
5.45

19.75
12.49
8.83
6.25

21.12
13.36
9.44
6.68

21.55
13.63
9.64
6.82

18.60
11.76
8.32
5.88
5.26
3.72
2.63
1.86
1.66
1.31
1.07
.93
.83
.68
.59
.53
.37

28.95
18.31
12.95
9.15
8.19
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.59
2.05
1.67
1.45
1.29
1.06
.92
.82
.58

53.13
33.60
23.76
16.80
15.03
10.63
7.51
5.31
4.75
3.76
3.07
2.66
2.38
1.94
1.68
1.50
1.06

60.87
38.50
27.22
19.25
17.22
12.17
8.61
6.09
5.44
4.30
3.51
3.04
2.72
2.22
1.92
1.72
1.22

65.07
41.16
29.10
20.58
18.41
13.01
9.20
6.51
5.82
4.60
3.76
3.25
2.91
2.38
2.06
1.84
1.30

66.41
42.00
29.70
21.00
18.78
13.28
9.39
6.64
5.94
4.70
3.83
3.32
2.97
2.43
2.10
1.88
1.33

5.36
3.39
2.40
1.69

8.34
5.28
3.73
2.64

15.31
9.68
6.85
4.84

17.54
11.09
7.84
5.55

18.75
11.86
8.39
5.93

19.14
12.10
8.56
6.05

Part 11:
Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and South
Dakota
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
Part 12:
Texas
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................
2 5 ......................................................................................................
5 0 ......................................................................................................
1 0 0 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
Part 13:
Montana and Wyoming
2 ........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
1 0 ......................................................................................................
2 0 ......................................................................................................




174

Table B-26. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons
by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)

2

5

10

20

25

50

100

13
14
11
-

2 00

250

400

-

-

-

17
-

-

M e tro p o lita n area s:'
Anaheim -Santa Ana P M S A ......................
Atlanta .............................................................
Baltimore .......................................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ..............................
Boston P M S A ...............................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ....................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ..................
Chicago PM SA .............................................
Cincinnati P M S A ...........................................
Cleveland P M S A ..........................................
Columbus, O h io ............................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M S A ...........................
Dayton-S pringfield.......................................
Denver-Boulder CM SA ..............................
Detroit P M S A ................................................
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano
Beach PMSA ..............................................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CM SA ............................................................
Houston P M S A .............................................
Indianapolis....................................................
Kansas C ity ....................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach P M S A ............
Louisville..........................................................
M e m p h is ..........................................................
Miam i-Hialeah P M S A .................................
Milwaukee P M S A ........................................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l ..................................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ...............................
New O r le a n s .................................................
New York PMSA .........................................
Newark PMSA ..............................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .
Oakland P M S A .............................................
O klahom a C it y ..............................................
Philadelphia P M S A ......................................
P h o e n ix ............................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A .............
Portland, O re. P M S A .................................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
C M SA ............................................................
Riverside-San Bernardino P M S A ..........
R o c h e s te r.......................................................
S a c ra m e n to ....................................................
St. L o u is .........................................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ................................
San A n to n io ..................................................
San Diego ......................................................
San Francisco PMSA ................................
San Jose P M S A ..........................................
S eattle P M S A ...............................................
Tam pa-St. P etersburg-C learw ater.........
Washington D .C .............................................

2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
1

3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
2

4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
3
4
3

6
6
5
4
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4

7
7
6
4
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
6
5
6
5

9
10
8
6
6
7
6
8
7
7
7
9
7
8
7

1

2

3

5

5

7

.

.

.

.

_

_

.

.

.

12
-

17
-

-

-

-

-

10
10
12
12
-

15
-

16
-

20

-

-

2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
2
2
3
3
2
2
3
2
2

4
4
4
4
3
4
4
3
4
4
3
4
3
3
4
4
3
3
4
3
3

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
5
6
5
4
6
6
5
5
5
5
5

6
6
6
5
6
6
5
6
6
5
6
5
4
6
7
5
5
6
5
5

9
9
8
7
8
8
7
9
9
7
9
7
6
9
9
7
7
8
8
8

1
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2

2
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
2
3

2
4
3
4
4
2
4
4
4
4
4
3
4

3
6
5
6
5
3
5
6
6
6
6
5
5

3
7
5
7
6
4
6
7
7
7
7
5
6

5
9
-

2
2
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
2
2
3
2
3
3
2
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
3

4
3
3
4
3
4
4
3
4
3
3
4
4
4
4
4

5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6

6
5
5
6
5
6
6
5
6
5
5
6
-

9
8
5
8
9
9
9
9
7
8

8
10
11
10
10
12
11
10

12
10
9
-

15
17
13

13
-

14
-

10
11
11
~

14
14
-

21
-

~
-

16
-

20
-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

13
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
10
11

-

cities:
B a ltim o re ........................................................
Chicago ...........................................................
Cleveland .......................................................
D a lla s ...............................................................
D e tr o it..............................................................
H o u s to n ...........................................................
Indianapolis....................................................
Los A n g e le s ...................................................
Milwaukee ......................................................
N e w York .......................................................
P hiladelp hia....................................................
P h o e n ix ............................................................
St. Louis ..........................................................
San A n to n io ...................................................
San Diego ......................................................
San Fra n cis co ...............................................

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas




6
7

7

8
8
7
8
7
9
8
7
8

7
7
8
8
9
9

11
9
12
10
10
-

15
16
14
14
-

-

16
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “ Geographic Boundary
Definitions” .

175

Table B-27. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by
selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)

2

5

10

20

25

50

100

2 00

M e tro p o lita n a rea s:'
Anaheim -Santa Ana P M S A ..............
A t la n ta .....................................................
B a ltim o re ................................................
Bergen-Passaic P M S A ......................
Boston P M S A .......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls C M S A ............
Charlotte-G astonia-Rock H i l l ..........
Chicago P M S A .....................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..................................
Cleveland P M S A .................................
Columbus, O h io ....................................
Dallas-Fort Worth C M SA .................
Dayton-S pringfield...............................
Denver-Boulder C M S A ......................
Detroit P M S A ........................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPom pano Beach P M S A .................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
C M S A ....................................................
Houston P M S A .....................................
Indianapolis............................................
Kansas C ity ............................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville..................................................
M e m p h is ..................................................
Miam i-Hialeah P M S A .........................
Milwaukee P M S A ................................
Minneapolis-St. P a u l...........................
Nassau-Suffolk P M S A .......................
N ew O rle a n s ..........................................
New York P M S A ..................................
N ew ark P M S A ......................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
N e w s ......................................................
O akland P M S A .....................................
O klahom a C ity ......................................
Philadelphia PMSA .............................
P h o en ix ....................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley C M S A .....
Portland, Ore. P M S A .........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CM SA ....................................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PM SA ...
R o c h e s te r...............................................
S a c ra m e n to ............................................
St. L o u is ..................................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ........................
San A n to n io ...........................................
San Diego ..............................................
San Francisco PMSA ........................
San Jose P M S A ...................................
Seattle P M S A .......................................
Tam pa-St. P etersburg-C learw ater..
Washington D .C .....................................

2
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1

3
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
2
3
2
3
2

5
4
-

7
6
-

7
6
-

10
9
-

3
3
4
4
3
3
4
4
3

5
4
5
5
5
-

-

-

2

2

3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

.

.

4
4
4
4
4
4

6
6
5
5

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

6
5
5
_

-

-

6
-

8
-

5
-

8
-

6
-

9
-

5

7

10

16
-

.

.

.

.

6
-

9
-

13
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

8
-

-

-

-

9
-

-

11
-

-

2

2

3

5

2

3
3

2

2

6
-

6

2

4
4
-

-

-

2

3

4

6

7

-

2

2

3

5

5

11

15

1

2

3

4

-

9
8
-

-

-

-

.

_

_

-

6

6
-

6

7

6

-

-

-

-

2

4
4
4

-

-

-

"

-

-

2

3

2

3

2
2

2

3

5

6

8

2

3

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

5

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

3

-

-

-

-

1
2
2

2

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

2

3

4
4

6

6

“

1

-

-

-

2
2

3

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

2

3

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

6

-

-

8

“

-

“
-