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Employment
and
Earnings
Statistics
for the
United States
1909-62
ISSUED
1963
B ul l e t i n

No. 1312-1

U N I T E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
W. Wi llard Wirtz, Secretary
B U R E A U OF L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S
Ewan Clague, Co mmi s s i o n e r

P U B L IC A T IO N S O F IN T E R E S T T O
USERS O F E M P L O Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S
STATISTICS

E M P L O Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S
This monthly report will make it possible to keep the industry statistics in this
volume up to date, as current data are shown for each listed series. For the States and
146 major areas, statistics on employees in nonagricultural establishments by major
industry divisions, earnings and hours of factory production workers, and labor turnover
rates are also presented.
In addition to the industry figures, E m p loym ent and E a rn in g s provides detailed
monthly statistics on the labor force. Information is presented on various characteristics
of the employed and unemployed, such as age, marital status, color, industry, and occu­
pation group.
Annual Subscription: $3.50.

E M P L O Y M E N T A N D E A R N I N G S S T A T I S T I C S F O R S T A T E S A N D A R E A S , 1 93 9 -6 2
( B L S B u lle t in 1370)
This comprehensive reference volume (670 pages) features over 6,000 State and area
series on payroll employment by industry, and more than 3,000 State and area series for
hours and earnings of production workers by industry. Included are annual averages for
the States and 146 major areas. All the industry detail currently published by each State
agency cooperating with BLS is shown from the earliest date of availability of each series
through 1962.
Price per copy: $3.50

HOW TO ORDER:

The monthly report Em p loym ent and E a rn in g s and the historical volume E m p loym ent
and E a rn in g s S t a t is t ic s for States and A re a s , 1 93 9 -6 2 ( B L S B u lle t in 1 3 7 0 ), may be ordered
through the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington
25, D. C., or any of the BLS Regional Offices listed on the inside back cover.




EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS
FOR THE UNITED STATES
1909- 62

Based on the
1957 Standard Industrial Classification

ISSUED 1963

Bulletin No. 1312 -1
UNITED STATES D0>ARTMENT O F LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price $ 3 .5 0







PREFACE
This bulletin continues the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of providing basic informa­
tion on the Nation’ s nonfarm work force. It is the second comprehensive data book on national
statistics released by the BLS within the past 2 years and replaces Employment and Earnings
Statistics for the United States, 1909-60 (BLS Bulletin 1312).
Payroll employment statistics, which provide detailed industry information on the employ­
ment, hours, and earnings of nonfarm wage and salary workers, are based on data supplied by
employers. Each month a representative panel of industrial, commercial, and government estab­
lishments, employing collectively about 25 million workers, voluntarily submits data, drawn from
payroll records, to the State agencies cooperating with BLS. In these agencies, data are extracted
for preparation of estimates on State and area employment, hours, and earnings. The reports are
then sent to the BLS to be used in the preparation of national estimates. This program is con­
ducted jointly by State employment security agencies, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the
Bureau of Employment Security in 43 States and the District of Columbia; in the remaining States,
the program is a cooperative endeavor by State Departments of Labor and the BLS.
Contribution (tax) reports filed by employers subject to State unemployment insurance laws
are the major source of benchmarks on which employment statistics are based. These reports,
covering about three-fourths of the total number of nonfarm employees in the United States, are
collected and tabulated by State employment security agencies under the direction of BES. Bench­
mark data for the remaining portion of nonfarm employees are obtained by BLS from information
collected under the programs of the Social Security Administration, the Civil Service Commission,
the Interstate Commerce Commission, and a number of other agencies, both private and government.
Labor turnover statistics, showing the rate of accessions and separations, by industry, are
also based on data voluntarily supplied by employers. The State agencies in the labor turnover
statistics program have the same responsibilities as in the employment statistics program. In 49
States and the District of Columbia, the program is operated by the State employment security
agencies, BLS, and BES.
This bulletin was prepared in the Division of Industry Employment Statistics, Robert
Dorman, Chief, and the Division of Data Systems Research and D e v e l o p m e n t , Rudolph
Mendelssohn, Chief, under the general direction of Harold Goldstein, Assistant Commissioner
Manpower and Employment Statistics, and Dudley E. Young, Deputy Assistant Commissioner
Manpower and Employment Statistics.

CAUTION
Periodically, the Bureau adjusts the industry employment series to a recent bench­
mark to improve its accuracy. These adjustments may also affect the hours and earnings
series because employment levels are used as weights. All the industry statistics in this
book for periods after March 1962, the present benchmark date, are therefore subject to
revision.




iii

O.
C.
for
for




CONTENTS
page
Introd u c t i o n ........................................

page

xiii

Section I
Employment, hours a n d earnings, a n d l a b o r turnover,
b y i n d u s t r y .........

Special summary tables:
1. Employees o n nonagricultural payrolls b y industrydivision, 19 19 -6 2 ............... ...........
xvi
2. Employees o n manufacturing p a y rolls^by m ajor
industry group, 19 39 -6 2 ..............................
xvii
3* Gross hours a n d earnings o f p roduction workers
on manufacturing payrolls,
1909-62 .........
xviii
b. Gross hours a n d earnings o f p roduction workers
o n payrolls o f selected industries, 19 ^ 7-6 2 .......
x ix
5. L abor turnover rates i n manufacturing, 1 9 3 0 - 6 2 .....
x ix
6 . Employment estimates for industries not p ublished
monthly for Mar c h o f 1959, 1961, a n d 19 62 .........
xx

1

S e ction II
Seasonally a d justed s e r i e s ...... ..........................

559

Section III
Special s e r i e s ...... ...............................

599

Technical n o t e ................................................

623

BL S Regional Offices a n d Cooperating State agencies
(inside b a c k cover)

Section I . Employm ent!, hours a n d e arn in g s, and la b o r turnover, b y in d u stry

NOTE:
This table o f contents includes those industries for w h i c h
statistics are publ i s h e d monthly, a nd indicates the pa g e o n w h i c h each
industry series m a y b e found.
There are, in addition, some 200 indus­
tries for w h i c h d ata are available for b enchmark periods o nly
(March
1959> 1961, a n d 1962 ).
These are shown in table 6, p age xx.

Industry
code
-

10
10 1
102
11 ,1 2
12

13

1 3 1 ,2
13 8

lb

All
employees

Industry

Women

Produc­
tion
workers

Average
we e k l y
earnings

.............. ...........................

*2

-

-

-

M I N I N G ......................................................................................................................

*3

3

3

b

b

5

5

7
9

-

5
7

T O T A L

M KTAL MINING.....................................................................................................
Iron o r e * .............................................................................................................
C o p p e r o r e s .....................................................................................................

10

-

Average
hour l y
earnings

Average
wee k l y
hours

-

-

b

*b

8
10

6
8
11

6
8
11

O ver­
time
hours
-

Labor
turnover
rates
-

-

-

_

6

-

9

11

12

12

12

12

12

_

-

13

lb

15

15

-

17

B i t u m i n o u s .....................................................................................................

12

13

CO AL MINING ......................................

18

18

_

_

19

19

-

-

17
l8

18

O i l a n d g s s f i e l d s e r v i c e s ..................................................................

18
20

20

QUARRYING AND NONMETALLIC M IN IN G ...........................................

21

21

CRUDE PETROLEUM AN D N A TU R AL G A S ................
C r u d e p e tr o le u m e n d n a tu r a l g a s f i e l d s ...............................

17

17

13

16

20

18
20

20

20

-

-

21

21

22

22

-

-

2b

-

2b

25

25

*25

-

-

15

GENERAL BUILDING C O N T R A C T O R S ...................................................

25

-

26

26

26

27

-

-

16
l 6l
162

HEAVY CONSTRUCTION..................................................................................

27

_

27

28

28

_

_

29
29

29
29

-

-

17

SPECIAL TRADE CONTRA CTO RS...........................................................

30

31

-

-

C O N T R A C T C O N S T R U C T I O N ..............................................................

H i g h w a y s n d s t r e e t c o n s t r u c t i o n . ...............................................

28

-

28

O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ...................................................................

29

-

29

27
29
29

30

-

30

30

-

32

*32

33

3b

*35

35

*36

D U R A B L E G O O D S ...................................................................................

*39

39

*39

bo

bo

*

bl

bl

bl

* b2
b6
b7
bd

b3
b6
b7
bd

*b3
b6
b7
b9

bb
b6
b7
b9

bb
b6
b7
b9

* bb
b6
b8
b9

bb
b6
b8
b9

b5
b6
b8
b9

*50
52
53
55
57
59
60

50
53
5b
56
57
59

*50
53
5b
56
57
59

50

51

*51

51

ORDNANCE AND A C C E S S O R IE S ..............................................................
S ig h ti n g s n d fir e c o n tr o l e q u i p m e n t ...........................................

2b3
2b31
2b32
Ebb
2 bbi.2
2 b9

-

-

*32

19
192

2b
2 bl
2 b2
2 b21

-

........................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..........................................................

19 b
19H ’ 5’

*

A m m u n it io n , e x c e p t fo r s m a ll s m s ...........................................
O th e r o r d n a n c e a n d a c c e a a o r i e a ...................................................

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS, E X C E P T FURNITURE . . . .
L o g g i n g c n m p a a n d lo g g i n g c o n t r a c t o r s ................
S a w m i l ls a n d p la n i n g m i l l s ...........................

............................

S a w m i lls a n d p in n in g m i l l s , g e n e r a l ...................................
M i llw o r k , p l y w o o d , a n d r e la t e d p r o d u c t s ................................
M i l l w o r k .........................................................................................................
V e n e e r a n d p l y w o o d ....................................... ... ..................................

60
62

V o o d e n b o x e s , s h o o k , a n d c r a t e s ...........................................

62
6b

M i s c e l l a n e o u s w o o d p r o d u c t s ..........................................................

65

65

V o o d o o c o n t a i n e r s .....................................................................................

^Denotes the availability of seasonally adjusted data.




6b

See contents page xii

61
62
6b
66

-

-

5b
56
57
59

5b
56
58
59

61
62
6b
66

61

-

55
56
58

51

-

-

55

55
56
58

-

58

60
6l

-

63

63

-

63
6b

65

-

66

66

66

60
6l
63
65
66

C O N T E N T S — Continued

Industrycode

Industry

All
employees

Women

Produc­
t ion
■workers

Average
we e k l y
earnings

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

O ver­
time
hours

Labor
turinover
rates

68

*68

68

68

70
72
7*
76
77
79

71
73
7*
76
77
79

71

71
73
7*
76
77

D u rable G o o d s —C o n tin u ed

25
251
2511
2512

2515

FURNITURE AND F IX T U R E S .........................................................
H o u s e h o l d fu r n i t u r e .................................................................................. ...

W o o d h o u s e fu r n itu r e , u p h o l s t e r e d ...............................................
M a t t r e s s e s an d b e d s p r i n g s ...............................................................

*67

67
70
72
73
75
77
78
79

69
72
73
75
77

*67
70
72
7*
75
77
78
79

67
70
72
7*
75
77
78
79

*81
8*

81
8*
86

252

O f f i c e fu r n it u r e .................................................................................................

25*
253,9

P a r t i t i o n s ; o f f i c e a n d s to r e f i x t u r e s ...........................................

78

O th e r fu rn itu re a n d f i x t u r e s ..................................................................

79

STONE, C LAY, AND GLASS P R O D U C TS ..........................................

*80

80

F l a t g l a s s .............................................................................................................

83
85
87
89
90
93
97
98

83
85
87
89
91
9*
97
98

O th e r s t o n e a n d m in e r a l p r o d u c t s ...................................................

10 1
102

101
102

10 1
102

10 1.
102

102
102

100
102
102

103

103

103

32
321
322
3221

3229
32*
325
3251
326

G l a s s a n d g l a s s w a r e , p r e s s e d or b l o w n ....................................
G l a s s c o n t a i n e r s ..........................................................................................
P r e s s e d a n d b lo w n g l a s s w a r e , n . e . c .......................................
C e m e n t , h y d r a u l i c ..........................................................................................
S tr u c tu r a l c l a y p r o d u c t s ..........................................................................
B r ic k a n d s tr u c tu r a l c l a y t i l e ...........................................................
P o t te r y an d r e la t e d p r o d u c t s ...............................................................

85
87
89
91
9*
97
99

87
89
91
9*
97
99

_

_
-

77
79

80

80

80

-

81
8*
86
88

*82
8*
86
88

82
8*
86

85

89
92
95
97
99

89
92
95
97

93
96
-

100
102

A b r a s i v e p r o d u c t s ......................................................................................

103

103

103

33
331
3312
332
3321
3322
3323

PRIMARY M ETAL IN D U S TR IE S ......................................................................

* 10 *
107

10 *
107

*105

105
108

105
109

*106

110
11 2
11*
116
118
120
12 1

110
112
11*
116
118
120
12 1

108
111

ill

111

111

_

113
115

113
115

113
115
117
119

113
115
117
119

11*

Iron a n d s t e e l f o u n d r i e s ..........................................................................
G r a y iro n f o u n d r i e s .......................................................................... . . .
M a l l e a b le iro n f o u n d r i e s .......................................................................
S t e e l f o u n d r i e s ..............................................................................................

333,*

N o n fe r r o u s s m e l t i n g a n d r e f i n i n g . ...................................................

335
3351
3352
3357
336
3361
3362,9
339
3391

N o n fe r r o u s r o ll i n g , d r a w in g , a n d e x t r u d i n g ............................

3*
3*1
3*2
3*21,3,5
3*29
3*3
3*31,2
3*33
3**
3**1
3**2
3**3
3***
3**9
3*5
3*51
3*52
3*6
3*7
3*8
3*9
3*9* ,8

C o p p e r r o l l i n g , d r a w in g , a n d e x t r u d i n g ...................................

123

A lu m in u m r o ll i n g , d r a w in g , a n d e x t r u d i n g ............................

12*1

N o n fe r r o u s w ir e d r a w in g an d i n s u l a t i n g ................................
N o n fe r r o u s f o u n d r i e s ..................................................................................
A lu m in u m c a s t i n g s ..................................................................................

125
127
129

123

127

129

129
130

*135
138

C u t l e r y , h a n d t o o l s , a n d g e n e r a l h a r d w a r e ............................

1*0

FABRICATED M ETA L P R O D U C TS ...............................................................

C u t le r y a n d h a n d t o o l s , i n c lu d i n g s a w s ................................
H a r d w a r e , n . e . c . ..........................................................................................
H e a t i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p lu m b in g f i x t u r e s ................................
S a n ita r y w a r e and p lu m b e r s ’ b r a s s g o o d s ............................
H e a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, e x c e p t e l e c t r i c ...........................................
F a b r i c a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e t a l p r o d u c t s ...........................................
F a b r i c a t e d s tr u c t u r a l s t e e l ...............................................................
M e t a l d o o r s , s a s h , fr a m e s , a n d tr im ...........................................
F a b r i c a t e d p l a t e w o rk ( b o i le r s h o p s ) ........................................
S h e e t m e t a l w o r k ..........................................................................................
A r c h i t e c t u r a l a n d m i s c e l l a n e o u s m e t a l w o r k ....................
S c r e w m a c h i n e p r o d u c t s , b o l t s , e t c ...............................................
S c r e w m a c h i n e p r o d u c t s ....................................................... ...
B o l t s , n u t s , s c r e w s , r i v e t s , a n d w a s h e r s ............................
M e t a l s t a m p i n g s ..............................................................................................
C o a t i n g , e n g r a v i n g , a n d a l l i e d s e r v i c e s ....................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s f a b r ic a t e d w ir e p r o d u c t s ....................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s fa b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ................................
V a l v e s , p i p e , a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s ...............................................

1*3

126
127
129
130

131
133

131
133

135
138

*135
138

135
138

1*1

1*1

1*1

1*3

1*3

1*3

1 **
1*6

1 **
1*6

1 **
1*6

1 **
1*6

1*7
;*9

1*7
1*9
151
153
15*
155
156
157
158

1*7
1*9
151
153
15*
155
156
157
158

1*7
1*9
151
153
15*
155
156
157
158

160
16 1
162

160
16 1
162
16 *
165
166
168

160
16 1
162
16 *

150
153
15*
15 5
156
15 7
158
159 ,
160
162
163
16 *
166
167

* Denotes the a v a ilability of seasonally adjusted data.




123
125

127

M e t a l c a n s .............................................................................................................

Iron a n d s t e e l f o r g i n g s ..........................................................................

130

123

12 *
126

131
132

M i s c e l l a n e o u s prim a ry m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ................................... '

116
118
120
122

12 *
126

130
131
133

O th e r n o n fe r r o u s c a s t i n g s ..................................................................

116
118
120
122

163
164
166
168

165

166
168

See contents page xii.

vi

120
122

109

12 1
122

103
-

106
110
_
-

12 1
122

123
125

123
125

_

126
128

_

129

126
128
129

130
132

130

_

132

132

133

13*

-

136
139

* 13 6

136

139

1*0
1*2

1*1

1*2

1*3

1*3
1*5

1 **

1*6
1*8

1*9
151
153
15*
155

156

157
159
160
16 1
162
16 *
165

l67>

168

90
93
96
98

-

C o n c r e t e , g y p s u m , an d p l a s t e r p r o d u c t s ...................................

B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e l a n d r o llin g m i l l s ................................

86
88

_

327
328,9
3291

B l a s t fu r n a c e a n d b a s i c s t e e l p r o d u c t s ...................................

82

_

128
-

_
_

10 1
*
-

10 *
106
110
111
11*
115
117
119
12 1
122
12 *
125
126
128
129
131
132
13*
136
1*0
1*2
1* 3
1*5
1*6
1*8
150
15 2

1*6
.1*8
150

1*6

152
153
15*
155
157
157
159

152

_

158

159

159

_

163
16 *

163
16 *

16 1
163

165

165

167

167

160
16 1

168

_
-

153

-

-

_

155

-

166
167
168

C O N T E N T S — Continued

Industry
code

Industry

A ll
employees

Women

Produc­
tion
■workers

Average
we e k l y
earnings

Average
ho u r l y
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

*170
173
17*
175
177
178
179

Over­
time
hours

Labor
turnover
rates

D u r a b le G o o d s --C o n t in u e d

35
351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3535,6
35*
35*1
3511
**
35*5
35^2,8
355
3551
3552
356
3561
3562
3566
357
3571
358

MACHINERY............................................................................................

*169

169

*170

170

170

E n g i n e s a n d t u r b i n e s ..................................................................................

172

173
175
176
177
179

172
173
175
176
178
179

172

S te a m e n g i n e s a n d t u r b i n e s ..............................................................

172
17*
175
177

180
18 1

180
182

180
182

172
17*
175
176
178
179

183
185
187

183
185
187

183
185

188
189
190

188
189

188
188
189

191
193
19*
196
197
199

191
193
19*
196
197
199

I n te r n a l c o m b u s tio n e n g i n e s , n . e . c ...........................................
F a rm m a c h in e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t...........................................................
C o n s t r u c t io n a n d r e la te d m a c h i n e r y ...............................................
C o n s t r u c t io n an d m in in g m a c h i n e r y ...........................................
O i l f i e l d m a c h in e r y a n d e q u i p m e n t ...........................................
C o n v e y o r s , h o i s t s , a n d i n d u s tr ia l c r a n e s ............................
M e ta lw o r k in g m a c h in e r y an d e q u i p m e n t ...................................
M a c h in e t o o l s , m e t a l c u tti n g t y p e s ...........................................
S p e c i a l d i e s , t o o l s , j i g s , a n d f i x t u r e s ...................................
M a c h in e t o o l a c c e s s o r i e s ..................................................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m e t a lw o r k in g m a c h i n e r y ................................
S p e c i a l in d u s tr y m a c h i n e r y ..................................................................
F o o d p r o d u c t s m a c h in e r y ......................................................................
T e x t i l e m a c h i n e r y ......................................................................................
G e n e r a l in d u s t r ia l m a c h i n e r y ..............................................................
P u m p s ; a ir an d g a s c o m p r e s s o r s ...................................................
B a l l a n d r o lle r b e a r i n g s ......................................................................
M e c h a n i c a l p o w e r t r a n s m i s s io n g o o d s ...................................
O f f i c e , c o m p u t in g , a n d a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s ........................
C o m p u t in g m a c h i n e s a n d c a s h r e g i s t e r s ........................... .
S e r v i c e in d u s tr y m a c h i n e s ......................................................................

193
19*
196
197
199
200
202

203
20*

3585

R e f r ig e r a t io n , e x c e p t h o m e r e f r ig e r a t o r s ...............................

206

359
3591
3599

M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a c h i n e r y .......................................................................
M a c h in e s h o p s , jo b b in g an d r e p a i x ...........................................

207
207

M a c h in e p a r t s , n . e . c . , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ................................

208

ELEC TR IC A L EQUIPMENT AND S U P P L IE S ...................................

*209

36
361
3611
3612

3613,9

207

200
202

203

20*
206

207

366
3661
3662

C o m m u n ic a ti o n e q u i p m e n t .......................................................................

367
3671-3
3679
369
369*

E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n ts a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ....................................

37
371
3711
3712
3713
371*
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373
3731
3732
37*
375,9

229
231
233
23*

T e le p h o n e a n d t e le g r a p h a p p a r a t u s ...........................................

235

R a d i o a n d T V c o m m u n ic a tio n e q u ip m e n t................................

237

E le c t r o n t u b e s ..............................................................................................

238

239

201
202
20*

202
-

200
201
202
20*

205

205

205

*210
212
2 1*

215
217

215
217

215
217

-

217

218
219
220
221

218

218

220
222

218
219
220
222

218
219
221
222

223
22 *

223
22 *

_

226
227
228
230
232

226
227

-

227

227

229

-

229

230
232

-

231

-

232

233
23*

233
23*

233
23*

233
235

237

237
239

239

216
218

223
22 *
225
226
228
230

231
233
23*
235

237

238

239

216
218
219
220
221

223
22 *
225
227
228
230

231
233
23*
235
237
238
2*0
2 *1
2*2

223
22 *
225
227
228
230

231
233
23*
235
237
238
2*0
2*1
2*2
2 **

219

236

238
2*0
2*1
2*2
2 **

236

2*0
2*1
2*2
2 **

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t fo r e n g i n e s . ...............................................

2*3

2*3

TRANSPORTATION EQ U IP M E N T......................................................

*2*5
2*8

*2*6
2*9

M o to r v e h i c l e s ..............................................................................................

251
253
25*
255

251
253
25*
255
257
259

2*6
2*9
252

2*6
250
252

* 2*7

M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u i p m e n t ...........................................................

2*5
2*9

253
25*
255
257
259

253
25*
256
257

253
25*

253
25*

T r u c k a n d b u s b o d i e s ..............................................................................
M o to r v e h i c l e p a r ts a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ........................................
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ..........................................................................................

256

S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g a n d r e p a i r i n g ...........................................

259
26 l
26 *
265

S h ip b u ild in g a n d r e p a i r i n g ...............................................................

268

A i r c r a f t .................................................................................................................
A i r c r a f t e n g i n e s a n d e n g i n e p a r t s ...............................................
O th e r a ir c r a ft p a r ts a n d e q u i p m e n t ...........................................

B o a t b u i ld i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g ...............................................................
R a i lr o a d e q u i p m e n t ......................................................................................
O th e r tr a n s p o r t a tio n e q u ip m e n t...........................................................

271
272
27 *

*Denotes the availability of seasonally adjusted data.




206

210
212
21*

2*1
2*2

P a s s e n g e r c a r b o d i e s ..............................................................................

-

206

2*1
2*2
2*3

E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n t s , n . e . c ...........................................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s . . . .

-

196

210
212
21*

220
221

L i g h t i n g f i x t u r e s ...................................................................... ... . . . .

-

-

220
221
222
22 *
225
226
228

W irin g d e v i c e s ..............................................................................................

192

-

In d u s t r i a l c o n t r o l s ......................................................................................

R a d i o a n d T V r e c e i v i n g s e t s ...............................................................

192

193
195
196
198
199

189

190
192
19*
195
196
198

209

212

207

206

-

-

219

E l e c t r i c l a m p s ..............................................................................................

206

190

-

219

E l e c t r i c lig h t in g an d w ir in g e q u ip m e n t.......................................

203
205

_

-

M o to r s an d g e n e r a t o r s ...........................................................................

E l e c t r i c h o u s e w a r e s a n d f a n s . .......................................................

203
205

187

_

207

213
215

H o u s e h o l d la u n d ry e q u ip m e n t...........................................................

201
202

_

18 1
182
18 *

208

*209

H o u s e h o l d r e fr ig e r a to r s a n d f r e e z e r s .......................................

199

201
202

_

18 *

178

179

207

209

H o u s e h o l d a p p l i a n c e s . ..........................................................., , , . .

196
198

_
_

207

212

363
3632
3633
363*
36*

191
193
195

18 1
182
18 *
186
188
189

208
209

213
215

216
217

180
182
18 *
186
188
188
190

208
208

212

P o w e r an d d is t r i b u tio n t r a n s f o r m e r s .......................................

190
191
193
195
196
197
199

178

179

_

177
178

171
173
17*
176
177

208
208

213
215

S w it c h g e a r a n d s w it c h b o a r d a p p a r a t u s ....................................

180
182
18 *
185
188
188

,

171
173

208
208

E l e c t r i c m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ....................................................

E l e c t r i c a l in d u s t r ia l a p p a r a t u s ...........................................................

36*3,*
365

203

20*
206

178

179

E l e c t r i c d is t r i b u tio n e q u i p m e n t .......................................................

362
3621
3622

36*1
36*2

200
202

17*
175
176

262
26*

265
269
271
273
275

252

262
26*
266
269

271
273
275

260
262
26*
266

269
271
273
275

See contents page xii.

256
258
260

263
26 *
267
270
272
273
275

250
252
256
258
260

263
26 *
267
270
272
27 *
275

2 11

213

-

222
_

211

213

2 1*
216

223
225
226

-

236

-

237
239

"

2*0
2*1
2*2
2*5

2*7
251

251

-

2*2

-

258
-

268
-

2*7
252

253
255
256
258
26l

263
265
268
270

-

-

27*
275

27 *
275

C O N T E N T S — Continued

P roduc­

Industry
code

A ll
In d u stry

W om en

e m p lo y e e s

tio n
• w o rk ers

A verage

A verage

A verage

O ver­

w e e k ly

h o u r ly

w e e k ly

tim e

e a r n in g s

e a r n in g s

h ours

hours

la b o r
tu rn o v er
ra te s

Durable G oods—Continued

38
381
382
3821
3822

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS.............................

*276

276

E n g i n e e r i n g a n d s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t s ................................

279

279

*276

279

276

279

281
282

283
285

284
265

284
285

283
284
285

286
288
290

286
288
290

286
288
290

286
288
291

285
287
289
291

*293

293
296

*293
296

296
300
302

298
300
302

294
296
299

294
297
299

303
305
307

303
305
307

306
308

306

308

301
302
30 k
30
6
308

NONDURABLE G O O D S ..................................................

383,5
384

281
282

*309

309

*309

310

310

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS...............................................................

* 3 12

313

*313
316
319

314
317
319

314
317
319

M e c h a n i c a l m e a s u r in g d e v i c e s ...................................................
A u t o m a t i c te m p e r a tu r e c o n t r o l s ...............................................
O p t i c a l a n d o p h t h a lm ic g o o d s .......................................................
S u r g i c a l, m e d i c a l , a n d d e n t a l e q u ip m e n t

. . . . . . . .

386

P h o to g r a p h ic e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s ....................................

387

W a t c h e s a n d c l o c k s ..................................................................................

39
391
394
39 M -3
39*9
395
396
393 , 8 ,9

20
201
2011

2013
2015
202

MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

. . . .

J e w e lr y , s i l v e r w a r e , a n d p l a t e d w a r e .......................................
T o y s , a m u s e m e n t , a n d s p o r t in g g o o d s ....................................
T o y s , g a m e s , d o l l s , a n d p in y v e h i c l e s ............................
S p o r tin g a n d a t h l e t i c g o o d s , t f . e . c ...........................................
P e n s , p e n c i l s , o f f i c e , a n d a rt m a t e r i a l s ................................
C o s t u m e j e w e l r y , b u t t o n s , a n d n o t i o n s ....................................
O th e r m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .......................................................

277

277

283
284
285

-

287
289
292

*294
297
299

311

*314
317

315

321

321
322

321
322

321
322

323
323
325
325

323
323
325

323
324
325

323
324
325

323
324
325
327

323
324
325
327

F r o z e n f o o d , e x c e p t s e a f o o d s ...................................................
G r a in m i l l p r o d u c t s ..................................................................................
F l o u r a n d o th e r g r a in m ill p r o d u c t s ........................................
P r e p a r e d f e e d s fo r a n i m a ls a n d f o w l s ................................
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ..........................................................................................
B r e a d , c a k e , a n d p e r i s h a b le p r o d u c t s ................................
B i s c u i t , c r a c k e r s , a n d p r e t z e l s ...............................................
S u g a r .....................................................................................................................

326
328
328

326
328
328

348
350
352

329
330
332
333
335
337
338
340
342
344
346
348
350
352

*353
355
358
*361

329
330
332
333
334
337
338
3k 0
3k 2

207
2071

C o n f e c t i o n e r y a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ............................................
C a n d y a n d o th e r c o n f e c t io n e r y p r o d u c t s ............................

344

208
2082
2086

B e v e r a g e s ..........................................................................................................

3k 6

M a lt l i q u o r s .................................................................................................
B o t t le d a n d c a n n e d s o f t d r in k s ...................................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s fo o d an d k in d r ed p r o d u c t s ............................

21
211
212

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES......................................................

22
221
222

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS......................................................

C i g a r e t t e s ..........................................................................................................
C i g a r s . .................................................................................................................

C o tt o n b r o a d w o v e n f a b r i c s ...............................................................
S ilk a n d s y n t h e t i c bro a d w o v e n f a b r i c s ................................

223

W e a v in g a n d f i n i s h i n g b r o a d w o o l e n s ....................................

22k

N arrow f a b r i c s a n d s m a ll w a r e s ...................................................

225

K n i t t i n g ..............................................................................................................

2251

F u l l - f a s h i o n e d h o s i e r y ......................................................................

2252

S e a m l e s s h o s i e r y . ..................................................................................

2253

K n it o u t e r w e a r ..........................................................................................

223k
226

K n it u n d e r w e a r ..........................................................................................
F i n i s h i n g t e x t i l e s , e x c e p t w o o l a n d k n i t ............................

227

F lo o r c o v e r i n g ..............................................................................................

228
229

Y a r n a n d t h r e a d ..........................................................................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s t e x t i l e g o o d s ...........................................................

364
365

366
368




-

318

315

318
320

_

_

_

322

323
_
_

326
328

328

328

329
330
332
333
335
337
339
340
342
344
346
348
350
352

329
330
331
332
333
335
337
339
34l
342
344
347
349
351
352

329
330
331
332
333
336
338
339
34l
343
344
347
349
351
352

329
330
331
332
334
336
338
339
341
343
345
347
349
351
352

353
356
358

*353
356
359

353
356
359

354
357
359

*354
357

354
357
36p

354
357

361

*361
364
365
367

362

362

*362

364
365
367

364

364

363
364

363
365

366

366

366

366

367
369
371
372
374
376
377

367
369
371
373
374
376
377

367
369
371

367
369
371
373
374

364
365
367
368

370
372
373
375
376
378

370
372
373
375
376
379

381

381

383
385

383
385

* Denotes the availability of seasonally adjusted data.

300
301

311

321

328
328

295
297

300

*311

321

C a n n e d , c u r e d , a n d fr o z e n s e a f o o d s ....................................

294
297

308

321

C a n n e d f o o d , e x c e p t s e a f o o d s ...................................................

289
292

308

P o u ltr y d r e s s i n g a o d p a c k i n g .......................................................

2031,6

289
292

285

303
305
307

S a u s a g e s a n d o th e r p r e p a r e d m e a t s .......................................

2032,3
2037
204
204l
2042
205
2051

287

304
307

306
308

D a ir y p r o d u c t s ..............................................................................................

C a n n e d a n d p r e s e r v e d f o o d , e x c e p t m e a t s ............................

283
284

304

320
321
322

F l u i d m i l k ......................................................................................................

-

285
287

-

316

316
318

280
282

301
302

318

I c e c r e a m a n d fr o z e n d e s s e r t s ...................................................

209

302
304

280
282

M e a t p a c k i n g ..............................................................................................

2024

2052
206

304

301

280
28l

*277

M e a t p r o d u c t s ..................................................................................................

2026

203

296
296
300
302

281

277
279
28 l
283
284

280
282

M e c h a n i c a l m e a s u r in g a n d c o n tr o l d e v i c e s ........................

368

368

370
372
374
375
376
379

370
372
374
375
376
379

382

383
385

382

383
385

See contents page xii.
v iii

380
382

384
385

360

380
382

384
385

327

_
_

_

_

_

331
_

336
_

341
343
348

_
_

352

.
_

331
332
334
337
338
339
343
345
348
350
-

360

-

-

_

378

381
382

381
382

384
385

384
385

C O N T E N T S — Continued

P rodu c­
A ll

In d u stry

In d u stry

code

e m p lo y e e s

W om en

tio n
w orkers

A verage

A verage

A verage

w e e k ly

h o u r ly

w e e k ly

tim e

e a r n in g s

e a r n in g s

h ours

h ours

r a te s

388

O ver­

Labor
tu r n o v e r

M o n d m a b le G o o d a - C o n t i n u e d

A P P A R E L AND R E L A T E D P R O D U C T S...................................................

*3 8 6

386

# 387

387

387

*388

388

231

M e n 's a n d b o y s ' s o i l s a n d c o a t s ...................................................

389

390

390

390

390

391

391

391

232

M e n 's a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g * ...........................................................

392

392

392

393

393

393

39*

23

M e n 's a n d b o y s ' s h i n s a n d n i g h t w e a r ................................

39*

39*

39*

395

395

395

39*
-

2327

M e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s ........................................

396

396

396

397

397

397

-

397

2328

W ork c l o t h i n g . . ......................................................................................

398

398

398

396

398

398

-

*00

399
-

2321

*00

*01

W o m e n 's b l o u s e s , w a i s t s , a n d s h i r t s ....................................

399
*01

*00

2331

*01

*01

*01

*02

*02

*01
_

2335

W o m e n 's , m i s s e s ' , a n d j u n i o r s ' d r e s s e s ............................

*02

*02

*02

*02

*02

*02

•

233

2337
2339
23*

23*1

W o m e n 's , m i s s e s ' , a n d j u n i o r s ' o u t e r w e a r ................. .... .

399

-

396

.
_
.

W o m e n 's s u i t s , s k i n s , a n d c o a t s ...........................................

*03

*03

*03

*03

*03

W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s ' o u t e r w e a r , n . e . c .................................

*0 *

*0*

*0*

*0 *

*0*

UOk

_

-

W o m e n 's a n d c h i l d r e n 's u n d e r g a r m e n t s . . ...........................

*0*

*05

*05

*05

*05

*06

*07

*06
*08

*06
*08

-

*03

-

W o m e n 's a n d c h i l d r e n 's u n d e r w e a r ........................................

*07

*07

C o r s e t s a n d a l l i e d g a r m e n t s .......................................................

*08

*07
*08

*07

23*2

*09

*09

*09

*09

2 35
236
2361
2 3 7 ,8
239
2 3 9 1 ,2

H a t s , c a p s , a n d m illi n e r y ....................................... ... .......................

*10

*10

*10

*10

*10

*10

*10

G i r l s * a n d c h i l d r e n 's o u t e r w e a r .......................................

*11

*11

*11

*11

*12

*12

_

*13

*13

*12
_

_

*09
.
_

C h i l d r e n 's d r e s s e s , b l o u s e s , a n d s h i n s . ........................

*12

*12

*12

F u r g o o d s a n d m i s c e l l a n e o u s a p p a r e l ....................................

*13

*13

*13

*13

*1*

M i s c e l l a n e o u s f a b r ic a t e d t e x t i le p r o d u c t s ............................

*1*

*13
*1*

*13
*13

*1*

*1*

*1*

*1*

*1*

.

H o u s e f u r n i s h i n g s ..................................................................................

*15

*15

*15

*15

*15

*15

-

-

26
2 6 1 , 2 ,6
263
26 *
26*3
265
2 6 5 1 ,2
2653

P A PER AND A L L IE D P R O D U C T S...............................................................

**16

*16

** 16

**1 7

*19

*19

*19'

*17
*19

*17

P a p e r a n d p u l p ..............................................................................................

*19

*20

*20

*20

*20

*19
*21

C o n v e n e d p a p e r a n d p a p e r b o a r d p r o d u c t s ............................

*21

*22

*22

*22

*22

B a g s , e x c e p t t e x t i l e b a g s ...............................................................

*23

*23

*23

*23

*23

P a p e r b o a r d c o n t a i n e r s a n d b o x e s ...............................................

*2*

*2*

*2 *

*25

*25

F o l d i n g a n d s e t u p p a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ....................................

*27

*27

*27

*27

*27

*27

-

*27

C o r r u g a te d a n d s o l i d f i b e r b o x e s ............................................

*28

*28

*28

*2 8

*28

*28

-

*29

27
271
272
273
2 75
2751
2752
278
27* , 6 , 7 , 9

PRINTING, PUBLISHING, AND A L LIE D IN D U STRIES....................

**2 9

*29

**3 0

*30

*30

* * 3 1

*31

*31

*32

*32

*33

*33

*33

*3*

*3*

N e w s p a p e r p u b l i s h i n g a n d p r i n t i n g ...............................

*18

*18
*20

*21

*19
*21

*22

*22

*23

-

*23

*26

*26

*26

*21
*22

-

P e r i o d i c a l p u b l i s h i n g a n d p r i n t i n g ...........................................

*3*

*3*

*3*

*35

*35

*35

*36

B o o k s . .................................................................................................................

*36

*36

*36

*36

*37

*37

*37

-

*38

*38

*38

*38

*38

*39

*39

**0

**0

.C o m m e r c i a l p r i n t in g , l i t h o g r a p h i c ...........................................

**o

**0

**1

*39
* * l

*38
-

-

C o m m e r c ia l p r in tin g , e x c e p t l i t h o g r a p h i c ........................

*37
*38

**1

**1

_

-

B o o k b i n d i n g a n d r e la t e d i n d u s t r i e s ...........................................

**2
**3

**2

**2

**2

**3

**3

**3

.

**3

**3

**3

***

***

***

-

* * * *

***

***5

**5

**5

***5

**6

**6

281

CHEM ICALS AND A L LIE D P R O D U C T S ...................................................
I n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l * ..............................................................................

**7

**7

**?

**7

**7

**8

**8

**8

282

P l a s t i c s s a d s y n t h e t i c s , e x c e p t g l a s s ...................................

**8

**8

** 9

*50

*50

*50

**9
_

2 8 2 3 ,*

S y n t h e t i c f i b e r * ......................................................................................

*51

*51

*51

*52

*5 2

** 9
*50
*52

** 9

*50

**9
*50

**9

P l a s t i c s a n d s y n t h e t i c s , e x c e p t f i b e r s ................................

-

*53

283

D r u g s .....................................................................................................................

*53

*5*

*55

*55

*55

*56

5*
*56

*55

*56

5*
*56

*56

*56

*57

*57

*57

*57

*57

*57

*58

*56
*58

*58

*5 8
*60
*61
*62
*6 3

*5 8
*60
*6 1
*6 2

*59

*59

*59

-

*59

*60
*6 1
*62

*60
*6 1
*6 2

*60
*61

_

*60
*61

*63

*63

*6*

*65

*6 5

*65

*66

**6 7

*67

* *6 8

*69

*70

*70

*70

*71

*71

*71

*72

*72

*72

*73

*73

*73

*75
*78

**7 5
*78

*75

*75

*79

*79

*80

*80

*80

*80

*82

*82

*82

*82

*85

28

2821

283 *
28*

28*1
28 * *

C o m m e r c ia l p r in t in g ..................................................................................

O th e r p u b l i s h i n g a n d p r in tin g i n d u s t r i e s ................................

P h a r m a c e u t i c a l p r e p a r a t i o n s .......................................................
S o a p , c l e a n e r s , a n d t o i l e t g o o d s ...................................................
S o a p a n d d e t e r g e n t s ..............................................................................
T o i l e t p r e p a r a t i o n s ..............................................................................

285
287

*59

P a i n t s , v a r n i s h e s , a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ....................................
A g r i c u l t u r a l c h e m i c a l s ...........................................................................

2 8 7 1 ,2
2 8 6 ,9
29

*61
*62

F e r t i l i s e r s , c o m p l e t e an d m ix in g o n l y ................................

*63

O t h e r c h e m i c a l p r o d u c t s .......................................................................

165
j

PETROLEUM REPINING AMD RELATED INDUSTRIES ................

**66
*69

291

P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g . ..............................................................................

2 9 5 ,9

O t h e r p e t r o l e u m a n d c o a l p r o d u c t s ...........................................

*72

RUDDER AMD MISCELLANEOUS PLASTIC PRODUCTS............

30

30 1
3 0 2 ,3 ,6
307
31
311
31*
3 1 2 ,3 ,5 *

*72

*

*

*67

*62
*6 *
*65

*61
*6 2

_

*65
*68

-

*51

_
_

*66
*68

**7 3

*7*

7*

*7*

i n n e r t u b e s ..............................................................................

*76

*77

*77

*7?

O t h e r r u b b e r p r o d u c t s . ..........................................................................

*80
*81

*80
*81

*80
*8 1

*80
*81

**8 3

*83

**83

*8 *

*8 *

** 8*

*85

*86

*86

*86
*89

*87

*8 7
*90
*92

*88

*88

*88

*9 1
*9 2

*91
*92

*91
-

T ite s

ad
n

M i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c p r o d u c t s ...................................................

LEATHER AMD LEATHER PRODUCTS...................................................
L ea th er

ta a ga d
a in n

f i n i s h i n g .......................................................

*89

F o o t w e a r , e x c e p t r u b b e r . ...................................................................
O t h e r l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ...........................................................................

•

*89

*92

*92

* Denotes the availability of seasonally adjusted data.




* *

*92

*90

*92

See contents page xii.

lx

C O N T E N T S — Continued

P roduc­
In d u stry

A ll
In d u stry

code

-

T R A N S P O R T A T I O N A N D P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ................

to

RAILROAD TRA N SPORTATION...............................................................

* 0 1 1 ,in
part

*1
*11
*12
*13

C l a s s 1 r a i l r o a d s ..............................................................................

*8
8l
* 8 17
* 8l 8
*8 2
*83

A verage

O ver­

h o u r ly

w e e k ly

tim e

e a r n in g s

h ours

h ours

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*93

9*

-

*9*

*95

*95

_

_

_

_

L o c a l a n d s u b u rb a n t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ........................................

h96

1*96

*96

*96

*96

*96

_

_

T a x i c a b s .....................................................................................................

1 *9 7

1*97

-

-

-

-

-

_

I n te r c i ty a n d ru ra l b u s l i n e s .......................................................

1*97

1*97

*97

1*97

*97

*97

-

-

498

1*98

*98

U 98

*98

*98

-

-

A i r tr a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m o n c a r r i e r s ........................................

*

498

1*98

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 *9 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

. . .......................................................

1*99

1*99

*99

1 *99

*99

500

_

_

OTHER TR A N SPORTATION......................................................................

500

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMMUNICATION.......................................................................... ...

500
500

500
500

_

_

_

_

500

501

501

501

-

502

50*

-

PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION

T e le p h o n e c o m m u n i c a t i o n ...............................................................
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s
L i n e c o n s t r u c t io n e m p l o y e e s
T e le g r a p h c o m m u n ic a tio n

....................................

...............................................

-

-

-

503

50*

-

-

-

50*

50*

505

-

-

505

-

505

505

506

-

506

508

508

508

508

506
508

...........................................................

R a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g .......................................

508

509

509

509

509

509

E l e c t r i c c o m p a n i e s a n d s y s t e m s ...............................................

510

510

510

510

*92

G a s c o m p a n i e s a n d s y s t e m s .......................................................

5 H

511

511

512

5 10
5 12

*93
I49 I+-7
.

C o m b in e d u t i l i t y S y s t e m s ...............................................................

512

513

513

513

513

W a t e r , s t e a m , a n d s a n it a r y s y s t e m s ........................................

51*

51*

51*

51*

* 5 16

516

516

517

50

_

1 *9 9

ELE C T R IC , GAS, AND SANITARY S E R V I C E S ...............................

-

ra te s

-

*91

*9

la b o r
tu rn o v e r

-

AIR T R A N S P O R T A T IO N ..............................................................................

*

A verage

e a r n in g s

1*96

*5

*6

**9 3

A verage
w e e k ly

L 95

MOTOR FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE . . . .

* * ,* 7

tio n
w orkers

L O C A L AND INTERURBAN PASSENGER T R A N S IT ....................

*2

1 * 5 1 ,2

W om en

e m p lo y e e s

WHOLESALE AND R E T A IL TR A D E

...........................

W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ..................................................................................

-

.

509
511

-

512

-

-

513

-

-

515

515

-

-

517

*517

-

-

*519

_

_
-

*517
520

518

518

M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d a u to m o tiv e e q u i p m e n t ........................

520

520

520

520

520

-

D r u g s , c h e m i c a l s , a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ................................

520

520

520

521

521

521

-

503

D ry g o o d s a n d a p p a r e l ......................................................................

521

521

521

521

-

-

G r o c e r i e s a n d r e la t e d p r o d u c t s ...................................................

522
522

522
522

522

522

-

-

E l e c t r i c a l g o o d s ......................................................................................

522
522

521
522

5 2 l?

50 *
506

523

523

523

-

-

507

H a r d w a r e , p lu m b i n g , a n d h e a t i n g g o o d s ............................

523

523.

523

523

523

523

-

-

508

M a c h in e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d s u p p l i e s ...................................

52*

5 2 l*

52*

52*

52*

52*

-

-

R E T A I L T R A D E ..........................................................................................

«5 2 l*

525

525

525

525

*526

526
528

527

527

527

527

528

531

G ENERAL MERCHANDISE S T O R E S .......................................................
D e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ..................................................................................

528

528

528

529

533

L i m i t e d p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .......................................................

529

529

529

529

529

FOOD S T O R E S ..................................................................................................

529

530

50 1
502

5 2 -5 9
53

518

-

519

-

-

_

_

529

-

-

529

-

530

530

530
530

530
531

530
531

530
531

S h o e s t o r e s .................................................................................................

531
533
533
53*
535

531
533
53*
53*
535

531
533
53*
53*
535

531
533
53*
53*
535

532
533
53*
535
535

532
533
53*
535
535

57

FURNITURE AND AP P L IA N C E S T O R E S ............................................

535

536

536

536

536

536

58

EATING AND DRINKING P L A C E S ...........................................................

536

536

-

-

537
537
538
539

537
537
538
539

5*

5*1-3

G r o c e r y , m e a t , a n d v e g e t a b l e s t o r e s ....................................

56
561

A P P A R E L AND ACCESSORIES S T O R E S ............................................

562

W o m e n ’ s r e a d y -t o -w e a r s t o r e s . ...................................................

565

F a m i l y c l o t h i n g s t o r e s ......................................................................

566

52,55,59
551,2
553,9
591

M e n ’ s a n d b o y s * a p p a r e l s t o r e s . ...............................................

OTHER RE TAIL T R A D E ..............................................................................
M o to r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s ..........................................................................
O th e r v e h i c le a n d a c c e s s o r y d e a l e r s ....................................
D r u g s t o r e s ................................................................................................

Denotes the availability of seasonally adjusted data.




-

537
537
538
539

537
538
538
539

See contents page xii.
x

537
538
538
539

-

-

537
538
538
539

_

_

~

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

C O N T E N T S — Continued

In d u s tr y
cod e

I n d u s tr y

A ll
em ployees

Women

P rodu c­
t io n
w ork ers

A vera ge
w e e k ly
e a r n in g s

A verage
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

A verage
w e e k ly
h ours

Over­
tim e
hours

Labor
tu r n o v e r
ra te s

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL E S T A T E ...........

*5*0

5*0

-

-

-

-

-

-

Banking................................................................................
Credit agencies other than b a n k s..................................
Savings and loan asso cia tio n s.....................................
Personal credit institutions...........................................
Security dealers and exchanges ..................................
Insurance carriers..............................................
....
Life insurance
......................................................
Accident and health insurance.....................................
Fire, marine, and casualty insurance..........................
Insurance agents, brokers, and services.......................
Real e s t a t e ....................................................................
Operative builders.
...............................
Other finance, insurance, and real estate . .
...

5*0
5*1
5*2
5*2
5*2

5*1
5*2
5*2
5*2
5*2
5*3
5**
5**
5*5
5*5
5*5
5*5
5*6

5*1
-

5*1
_
_

5*3
5*3
5**
5**
5*5
_
-

5*3
5*3
5**
5**
5*5
_
-

5*1
_
_
_
_

5*1
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

~

■

-

“

-

SERVICES AND MISCELLANEOUS..................................

*547

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70

Hotel and lodging places. . ...........................................
Hotels, tourist courts, and motels...............................
Personal services:
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing plants.......................
Miscellaneous business services:
A dvertising.......................................................................
Motion pictures....................................................................
Motion picture filming and distributing.......................
Motion picture theaters and s e r v ic e s ..........................
Medical services:
Hospitals.............................................................................

5*7
5*8

5*8

5*8

5*8

5*8

5*8

-

-

548

5*8

5*8

5*9

5*9

5*9

-

-

549
549

550
-

_
-

550
550

5*9
5*9
550
550

550
-

-

-

-

-

550

550

■

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
6l
612
6l *
62
63
631

632

633
6k

65

656
66,67

701
721
731
78

781
7 8 2 ,3

806

5*3
5**
5**
5**
5*5
5*5
5*5

5*6

-

GOVERNMENT.......................................................................

*551

91

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT................................................

*5 5 1

-

-

Executive .
.................................................................
Department of D efen se............................ ....................
Post Office D epartment.............................................
Other agencies...............................................................
L e g is la tiv e .......................................................................
J u d ic ia l.............................................................................

552
552
553
553

_

55*
55*

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT..................................

*55*

-

-

_

-

State and local education.............................................
Other State and local government...............................

555
556

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

State government...............................................................
State education...............................................................
Other State government................................................

556
556
557
557
557
557

_

_
-

_
_

»
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-»

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92,93
92
93

Local government............................................................
L ocal edu cation ............................................................
Other local government............................................. .

* Denotes the availability of seasonally adjus t e d data.




_

See contents p age xii.

xi

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

C O N T E N T S — Continued
Section IL Seasonally adjusted series
ond
Section HL Special series
Seasonally adjusted series

Special series
Indexes

Indus t r y
code

Industry
All
employees

Production
workers

Weekly
hours

Tu r n ­
over

-

T O T A L ..........................................

560

-

-

-

-

M I N I N G ..........................................

560

-

585

-

-

C O N T R A C T CONSTRUCTION

......................

560

-

585

-

MANUFACTURING

...............................

561

575

561

562
562
562

-

D U R A B L E G O O D S .........................................................................................

Aggre­
gate
weekly
hours

ifo o

We e k l y
pay­
roll

Spendable
week l y
e arn­
ings

Hour l y
earn­
ings
exc.
over­
time

-

-

-

600

609

6 11

-

-

600

609

612

-

585

595

600

609

6 l4

619

575

586

-

601

-

-

619

586
586

620
620
620
620

601
601
602
602
602
603
603
603
603

-

20
21
22
23

M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g .........................................................

565

576
576
576
577
577
577
578
578
579
579
579

NONDURABLE GOODS...........................................................................

19
24
25
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

566

580

589

-

566
566

580

590
590
590
591
591
591
592
592
592
592

_

605

-

605

-

605
606
606

-

-

-

-

-

606
606

-

-

-

-

-

623
623
623

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ................................................................
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c e s ...............................................................
F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s .............................................. ... ........................
S t o n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ......................................................
P r im a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s .................. ... ......................................
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c e s .................................... ...........................
M a c h i n e r y ....................................................................................................
E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ...........................................................................
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ................................................................
I n s tr u m e n ts a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ..................................................

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ................................................................
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s ........................................... .........................

Textile m i l l

p r o d u c t s .............................................. ...........................

A p p a r e l a o d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ....................................... ...

26

P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ................................................................
P r in t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ..................

27

....................................

28

C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ......................................................

29
30
31

R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c p r o d u c t s .............................................................

P e t r o le u m a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s
L ta h tt

..................................................

le a t h e r p r o d u c t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

563
563
563
564
564
565
565

567
567
568
568

568

581
582
582
582

569
569
570

583
583
564

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ..................

50
5 2 -5 9

571

588
588
588
588
589

WHOLESALE T R A D E .........................
R E TA IL T R A D E ..................

...............................................
. . . . . . . .

------------

-

589

570

W HOLESALE AND R E TA IL TR AD E

-

580
58i

587
587
587

-

-

6o4
6o 4

6o4

607
607
607

_

593

571
571

-

593
594

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

620

-

-

-

-

620
621
621

-

-

-

-

-

-

621

_

_

622

-

-

-

-

-

-

»

621
621

622
622

622
622

623

-

-

-

619
-

-

-

-

-

617

„

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

FIN A N C E, INSURANCE, AND R IA L E S T A T E .........................

572

-

-

-

-

-

SERVICE AND M ISCELLAN EO US ......................................................

572

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

GOVERNMENT

573
J%>3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91
9**93

.... ..............................................................

F E D E R A L .......................... .............................................................................
STATE AN D LOCAL . . . . . . . . . . ........... ... .........................

573
57*.

1/ Includes ttiniag, contract construction, and manufacturing Only.




INTRODUCTION
This volume traces the growth and transformation of the Nation’s industrial economy thrpugh
the distribution of its employed manpower. Monthly data, adjusted to March 1962 benchmarks
(comprehensive counts of employment), are shown from the earliest date of availability through
May 1963 for each series regularly published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The data show in w
hat* industries people have jobs, the employees’ average weekly hours,
and hourly and weekly earnings. Included are monthly and annual figures for all employees, pro­
duction workers, weekly earnings, weekly hours, hourly earnings, overtime hours, employment of
women, and labor turnover rates. Also provided are seasonally adjusted data for a number of
these series, as well as indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls. Data on spendable
weekly earnings, and hourly earnings excluding overtime are also shown.
Each industry title is followed by the appropriate SIC code. The product or activity of the
industry conforms to the definition for that code as described in the 1957 Standard Industrial
Classification Manual, p u b l i s h e d by the Office of Statistical Standards of the Bureau of the
Budget.
Definitions of the industries included are also available in the Guide to Employment
Statistics o f BLS, 1961 .

Periodically, the BLS adjusts its industry employment series to recent benchmarks to improve
the accuracy of sample-based estimates. Since November 1961, the series has been projected
from benchmarks relating to March 1959* The estimates have now been adjusted to March 1962
levels, and many series, commencing with April 1959, have been revised and supersede those
previously published in Employment and Earnings, the Monthly Labor Review§ and in BLS Bul­
letin 1312, Employment and Earnings Statistics for the United States, 1909*60, issued in 1961.
Since post-benchmark projections are subject to revision, estimates beginning with April 1962
may be revised at the time of the next comprehensive count of employment. A special article,
“ New Benchmark Levels for BLS Establishment Employment Estimates," featured in the September
1963 issue of Employment and Earnings, discusses in detail the effect of the benchmark adjust­
ments. Reprints of the article are a v a i l a b l e upon request to BLS or to any of the six BLS
regional offices listed on the inside back cover of this bulletin.
Bulletin 1312-1 is primarily intended to bring together all information available for each
industry for which data are published. However, summary tables beginning on page xv show, in
historical perspective, employment in the total nonfarm sector, the major nonagricultural divi­
sions, the manufacturing subdivisions (durable goods and nondurable goods), and all major manu­
facturing groups. Hours and earnings summary tables have also been prepared for total
manufacturing and its s u b d i v i s i o n s , mining, contract construction, and trade. The historical
summary table for labor turnover rates is limited to accessions, new hires, separations, quits,
and layoffs for total manufacturing.
Also featured in this section on page xx are levels of employment for March of 1959, 1961,
and 1962 for some i n d u s t r y categories for which monthly data are not regularly published in
Employment and Earnings. The data shown are the actual benchmark levels for these industries.
For comparative purposes the published industry division totals are also provided here.
Although only national data are presented in this volume, a companion bulletin, Employment
and Earnings Statistics for States and Areas, 1939-62 (BLS Bulletin 1370), provides similar infor­
mation for all States, the District of Columbia, and 146 areas. That bulletin presents annual
averages for total employment, and weekly earnings, weekly hours, and hourly earnings of produc­
tion workers from the beginning date of each series through 1962. All industry detail, currently
published by each BLS cooperating State agency based on the 1957 Standard Industrial Classi­
fication Manual, is shown.
Future editions of the present volume are p l a n n e d when the series are adjusted to new
benchmark levels. Users interested in current statistics will find these published in the monthly
report Employment and Earnings, which is available by subscription. (See details on inside front
cover of this bulletin.)




xiii







SPECIAL
SUMMARY
TABLES

Table 1. Employee* on nonagricultural payroll* by industry, division, 1919-62

(In thousands)

C on tract
co n stru c­
tio n

Manufac­
tu rin g

T ran sp ort& tion and
p u b lic
u t ilit ie s

V h o le s a ls and r e t a il tra d #

F in a n ce,
In su ra n ce,
and r e a l
e s ta te

Year

TOTAL

M ining

X9X9
X920

ST, 088
2 7,350

1 ,1 3 3
1 ,2 3 9

1*0 21

1 0 ,6 5 9

848

10*658

X92X
X922
1923

962

1 ,0 1 2

929
1 ,2 1 2
1,101

1,18 5

1925

28*778

1,0 89

1 ,2 2 9
1 ,3 2 1
1 ,4 4 6

8 ,2 5 7
9 ,1 2 0
10,300

19U

24*382
25,827
28*394
2 d ,o4 o

1926
1927
192J5
1929
1930

29 ,8 19
29,976
30*000

1,18 5

1 ,5 55

1,0 50

1,608
1,606

3 1 ,3 3 9
29,424

1,087
1 ,0 0 9

1 ,* 9 7
1 ,3 7 2

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

26*649
23,628
23,711
25,953
27,053

873
731
744
883
897

1,2 1 4
970
809
862
912

6 ,9 3 1
7 ,3 9 7

2 ,8 16
2,6 72

9 ,0 6 9

2#7|0
2 ,7 8 6

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

29*082
3 1,026
2 9 ,2 0 9
30*618
32,376

946
1,0 1 5

1,1 4 5
1 ,1 1 2
1 ,0 5 5
1 ,1 5 0
1 ,2 9 4

9 ,8 2 7
1 0 ,794
9 ,4 4 0
10*278
10,985

2 ,9 7 3
3 ,1 3 4
2,8 6 3
2 ,9 3 6
3 ,0 3 8

I '? ? 9
6 ,2 6 5
6 ,1 7 ?
6 , 1*26
6 ,7 5 0

19U
1942
1943
1944
1945

3 6,554
40*125
4 2,452
41,883
4 0,394

957
992
925
892

1 3,192
1 5,280
17,602
1 7,328
15,524

3 ,2 7 4
3 ,4 6 0
3 ,6 4 7
3 ,8 2 9
3,9 0 6

7 ,2 1 0
7 ,U 8
6 ,9 8 2
7 ,0 5 ?
7 ,3 1 *

1 ,873
1 ,8 2 1
1 ,7 4 1
1 ,7 6 2

836

1 ,7 9 0
2 ,1 7 0
1 ,5 6 7
1 ,0 9 4
1 ,1 3 2

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

41*674
43,881
44*891
4 3,778
45,222

862

1,6 6 1
1 ,9 8 2
2*169
2 ,1 6 5
2*333

4 ,0 6 l
4 ,1 6 6
4 ,1 8 9
4 ,0 0 1
4 ,0 3 4

8 ,3 7 6
8 ,9 5 5
9 ,2 7 2
9 ,2 6 *
9,3 8 6

2 ,1 9 0
2 ,3 6 1
2 ,4 8 9
2 ,4 8 7
2 ,5 1 8

6 ,18 6

955
994
930
901

14*703
1 5,545
15,582
l4 ,4 4 l
15,241

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

47*849
48,825
50,232

929

2,603

16,393

4,2 2 6
4,2 4 8

7 ,1 3 6
7 ,3 1 7

17,5 4 9
16,314

2,802

16,882

4,l4l

9 ,7 * 2
1 0 ,0 0 *
10,21,7
10,235
10,535

2,606

4,290

2 ,7 3 9
2,7 9 6

7 ,4 9 6
7 ,7 4 0

2 ,2 3 4
2 ,335

1956
1957
1958
1959

52,408

822

10,858

2 ,8 8 4

828
751
732

17,243
17,174
15,945

4,244

5 2,904
51,423
53,404
54,370

2 ,9 9 9
2 ,923
2 ,7 7 8

2,960
2,885

16 ,7 9 6

4 ,241
3 ,976
4 ,0 1 1
4 ,0 0 4

10,886
10,750
1 1 ,1 2 7
11,391

2 ,8 4 8
2 ,9 4 6
3,004

7 ,9 7 4
7 ,9 9 2
7 ,9 0 2
8 ,1 8 2

8,388

2 ,4 2 9
2,4 7 7
2 ,5 1 9
2 ,5 9 4
2 ,6 6 9

54,224

672

3,903
3,903

11,3 3 7
11,5 8 2

2 ,9 9 3

8,344
8 ,5 2 1

2 ,7 3 1
2 ,7 9 8

I960

1961
1962

1 ,1 1 4

49,022
50,675

55,841

59 1
854
925

898
866
791
792

712
652

2 ,6 3 4

2,623
2,612

3 ,711
3 ,9 9 6
3,1*59

2 ,2 6 3

2 ,3 6 2

-

2 ,4 1 2
2 ,5 0 3
2*684
2 ,7 8 2

•

2*869

2*800

-

-

-

•

1 ,3 0 5
1 ,3 6 7
1 ,4 3 5
1 ,5 0 9
1 ,4 7 5

3*°46
3 ,1 6 8
3 ,2 6 5
3 ,4 4 0
3 ,3 7 6

2*846
2 ,9 1 5
2 *??5
3 ,°6 5
3 ,1 4 8

3 ,1 8 3
2*931
2*873
3 ,0 5 8
3 ,1 4 2

3 ,2 6 4
3 ,2 2 5

3*326
3 ,5 1 8
3 ,4 7 3
3 ,5 1 7

3,8 2 6
3 ,9 * 2
3,8 9 5
3 ,8 2 6
3 ,? l6
3,6 8 5

5 ,7 8 *
5 ,? 0 6
§#07**
6 ,1 2 3
5,7 9 7

3' &

5 ,2 8 *
* ,8 8 3
■*,755

5 ,2 8 1

.
-

5 ,* 3 1

-

•

1 ,4 0 7
1 ,3 4 1
1,2 9 5
1 ,3 1 9
1 ,3 3 5

.
-

m

1*388
1 ,4 3 2

1*684
1 ,7 5 4

M IS

10*001
9,562
8 ,17 0
8 ,5 0 1

16,632

16,675

2,816

1 6 ,327

2 ,9 0 9

16,859

4 ,o 8 4

m

2 ,5 2 8
2 ,5 3 8
2 ,6 0 7
2 ,7 2 0

-

1 ,163
1 ,1 4 4
1 ,1 9 0
1 ,2 3 1
1 ,233

1*862

2 ,6 8 7

2,727

2,g?3

3,061

•

•
•

-

5 ,3 3 8
5,29 7
5 ,2 4 l
5 ,2 9 6
5 ,4 5 2

6 ,5 9 5
6 ,7 8 3
6 ,7 7 8
6 ,8 6 8

7,520

3 ,2 9 9
3 ,4 8 1

3 ,6 8 1

3 ,6 6 8
3 ,7 5 6
3 ,8 8 3
3,9 9 5
4*202

1 ,5 4 9
1 ,5 3 8
1 ,5 0 2
1 ,4 7 6
1 ,4 9 7

3 ,9 2 1
4 ,0 8 4
4*148
4*163
4 ,2 4 1

4*66 °
5,483
6*080
6 ,0 4 3
5 ,9 4 4

1 ,6 9 7
1 ,7 5 4
1 ,8 2 9
1 ,8 5 7
1 ,9 1 9

4 ,7 1 9
5 ,0 5 0

5 ,595

5,206

5 ,6 5 0
5,856
6*026

1,9 9 1

5,576
5 ,730
5,8 6 7
6*002
6*274

-

4,996

3 ,16 6

1*462
1 ,5 0 2

2,069
2,146

5 ,264
5 ,3 8 2

6 ,5 3 6
6 ,7 4 9

6 ,8 1 1
7,1 1 5
7 ,3 9 2

7,6 10
7,9 4 9

5,474

6 ,3 8 9

6,609
6,645

533
526

2 ,5 3 2
2*622

560
559
565
652
753

2 ,7 0 4
2 ,6 6 6

826

2 ,8 4 2
2 ,9 2 3
3 ,0 ^ 4
3 ,0 9 0

833
829
905
996
1 ,3 4 0
2 ,2 1 3
2 ,905

2 ,6 0 1
2 ,6 4 7
2 ,7 2 8

3,206

2 ,8 0 8

3 ,3 2 0
3 ,2 7 0
3 ,1 7 4
3*116
3 ,1 3 7

2 ,2 5 4
1 ,8 9 2
1,863
1 ,9 0 8
1 ,9 2 8

3*341
3 ,5 8 2
3 ,7 8 7
3 ,9 4 8
4 ,0 9 6

2 ,3 0 2
2*420
2 ,305

4 ,0 8 7
4 ,1 8 8
4 ,3 4 0
4 ,5 6 3
4 ,7 2 7

2,9 28

6 ,7 5 1
6 ,9 1 4

2 ,18 8

7 ,2 7 7

7 ,8 9 3
8,190
8 ,5 2 0

2 ,2 0 9
2 ,2 1 7
2 ,191
2 ,2 3 3
2 ,2 7 0

6,250

8 ,8 2 8
9 ,1 8 8

2 ,2 7 9
2 ,3 4 0

6 ,5 4 8
6 ,8 4 9

7,626

2,1 8 7

This inclusion has resulted in an increase of 212,000 (0.4 percent) in the

xvi

S ta te
and
lo e a l_

2 ,6 0 3

.
-

F ed era l

2,676

1 ,175

10,156
9*947
1 0 ,702

T o ta l

1,111

9 ,9 3 9

9 ,6 71

G oeernaant

-

j*»589
•*,903
5 ,290
5 ,* 0 7
5,5 7 6

3,50 5
3,882
3,50 7

S e rv ice
and
■ ia e e llan eou s

-

M il*
*#*67

NOTE: Data includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959*
nonagri cultural total for the March 1959 benchmark month.




V h ola sa la
tra d e

T o ta l

R e ta il
tra d e

5 ,0 6 9
5 ,4 0 9
5 ,7 0 2
5 ,9 5 7

Table 2. Employees on manufacturing payrolls*by major industry group, 1939-62

(in thousands)
D U RABLE GOODS

Tear
TOTAL

Ordnance
and
accesso­
ries

11
22

Lumber
and
wood
products

Furni­
ture
and
fixtures

Stone,
clay,
and
glass
products

Primary
metal
indus­
tries

_

-

-

*56

_

_

*60
**6

-

-

*13

_

_

-

-

1,307

_

*98

_

_

808

336
3*6
317
36*

537
5*9
51*
5*7

1,279
1,290
1,13*
1,2*7

8*0.2
790.*
770.7
707.9
739.6

357.2
357.1
369.9
3*1.9
363.8

587.0
56*. 0
581.3
552.6
588.*

1,36*.3
1 ,282.1
1,383.1
1,219.3
1,322.5

375.5
37*. 3
385.0
383.0

605.3
595.*
562.*
60*. 0
6o *.0

367.5
385.1

582.0
59*.0

-

369
387

_

_

-

-

-

-

19*1
19*2
19*3
19**
19*5

6,968
8,823
1 1 ,08*
10,856

*86
368

9,07*

2*5

-

-

*08

19*6
19*7
19*8
19*9
1950

7,7*2
8,385

_

8*5

8,326

30
27

1951
1952
1953
195*
1955

10 ,110

1956
1957
1958
1959
i 960

8,830

1961
1962

7,*89
8,09*
9,089
9,3*9

30

Elec­
trical
equip­
ment and
supplies

1,265
1,500
1,*62

_

*,715
5,363

28
26

Machinery

_

_

-

1939
19*0

71
329

Fabri­
cated
metal
products

818
7*1

9,129
9,5*1

77.0
178.7
23*. 3
163.3
1 *1 .2

9,83*
9,8!56

1 *0.2

138.5

730.9
655.3

9,373
9,*59

1*5.*
176.5

202.2

615.0
658.8
626.8

9,072
9, *93

23*. 7
270.7

582.9
588.7

360.8

-

588
701

-

*9*

959

657

**1

881
982

Instru­
ments
and
related
products

6*5
83*

788

-

_

_

3,666
3,682

2,5*8
1,250
1,275
1,270

262

991

1,210
1,265

250

862

_

_

919
1,035
991

1,18 2
1,210

Miscel­
laneous
manufac­
turing

_

1,297
2,259

1,015
1,087
979

1,255
1,375
1,372

989
979

Transpor­
tation
equip­
ment

_

_

-

-

_

267
239

*21
*22
385

*00

1 ,113.6
1 ,185.0

1 ,122 .*

l,* 56.6
1,517.*
1,55*.*
1,*17.7
1,**8.5

1,333.3
1.190.*
1 ,2 *0.8

1,515.1
1,703.2
1,969.1
l,75*.l
1 ,85*.6

1,355.3
1,355.3
1,153.5
1 ,182.6
1 ,231.2

1 ,1 *0 .*
1,167.3
1,076.9
1 ,122.5
1,135.3

1,571.6
1,585.9
1 ,362.*
l,* 52 .l
1,*79.0

1,323.1
1,3*3.8
1 ,2* 9.0
1,396.*
1,*67.1

1,852.5
1,909.1
1,607.3
1 ,661.9
1,586.7

323.8
3*5.3
35*.3

*03.0
387.2
373.0
387.7
389.9

1 ,1 *2 .7
1 ,163.8

1,08*.5
1,127.5

l,* 19.0
l,*89.8

1,*7*.7
1,579.2

l,* 58.8
1,5*2.3

3*7.*
360.*

378.2
391.2

1,077.8

1 ,06*.*
1 ,156 .*
1,069.9

29*. 3
312.5
337.1

321.2

323.2
337-8

3* 2 .1

*06.0
393.7
*20.9
390.7
396.2

NOMDURABLE GOODS

Tear
TOTAL

Food and
kindred
products

Tobacco
manufac­
tures

Apparel
and
related
products

Paper
and
allied
products

1,193
1,177

92*
929

333

1,336
1,3*2
1,295
1,197
1,139

1,050
1,087
1,107
1,079

1 ,26*
1,299
1,332
1,187
1,256

1 ,1*6
1,15*
1,190
1,173

Textile
mill
products

5,622

1,393

_

19*0

1 ,*1 *

-

19*1
19*2
19*3
19**
19*5

6,225
6,*58

6,518
6,*72
6 ,*50

1,51*
1,617
1,6*9
1,685
1,691

19*6
19*7
19*8
19*9
1950

7,159
7,256
6,953
7,1*7

1,801

118
11*

1,778
1,790

109
103

1951
1952
1953
195*
1955

7,30*
7 ,28*
7, *38
7,185
7,3*0

1 ,823.2
1 ,827.8
1 ,838.9
1 ,818.3
1 ,82*.7

10 *. 1
105.6
103.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
I 960

7,*09
7,319
7,116
7,303
7,336

1 ,8* 1.9
1,805.*
1 ,772.8

1 ,032.0
981.1
918.8

1,789.6
1,790.0

99.6
97.0
9*. 5
9*.5
9*.0

1961
1962

7,255
7,367

1,775.2
1,759.9

90.7

893.*

91.0

1939

5,56*

6,962

1,767
1,799

_
-

-

_

103.3
102.5

1,237.7
1,163.*

1 ,15*.8
1 ,0* 2.3
1 ,050.2

9*5.7
92*.*

902.6

1,060

1,202

1 ,207.2
1 ,216 .*
1 ,2*8.0
1 ,183.6
1 ,219.2

320

Chemicals
and
allied
products

Petroleum
refining
and
related
industries

371
399

1*6

580

*83

155

391

565
557
558
577

609
650
668

**7
*65

669
721

633

*73
*55

7*0
7*0

372
376
389

388

*85
5 11.2
503.7
530.*
531.1
550.0
567.8
570.6
56*.l
587.2

569
570

7*8

571

6*9
655

618
6*0

767.6
779.9

707.0

802.8

768.2

813.9

752.7
773.1

83*. 7
862.0
870.O
872.6

730.1

1,223.*
1 ,210.1
1 ,17 1.8
1,225.9
1,233.2

601.1

888.5
9H.3

809.2
828.2

1 ,2 1 *. 5
1,266.7

601.3
61*. 5

917.3
92*. 9

827.2
8*6.0

Mote: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959.




Printing,
publishing
and allied
industries

xvli

796.5

810.0
79*. 1

139

Rubber
and mis;cellaneous
plastic
products

37*

213

*16

186

208
221
228
221
218

317
323
312
283
311

17*

231.3

23*. 6
2* 1 .*
238.1

386

163
176

219
268
285
28*

160
160

Leather
and
leather
products

33*.*
338.3

361.0
328 .*

*13

381
358
357

*08
*12
*12
389
395

380.0
38*. 2
389.2

237.1

363.3

373.0
385.9

235.5

215.5
211.9

369.2
371.9
3**. 3
372.7
379.0

382.7
372.7
359.2
37*.Q
363.*

201.9
195.0

375.3
*05.8

358.2
360.3

232.2
223.8




Table 3. Gross hours and earnings of production workers
on manufacturing payrolls, 1909-62

Average
weekly
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

1909

$9.74

51.0

$0,191

1911*
1915

10.92
11.22

49.4
-

.221
-

1916

Nondurable goods

Durable goods

Manufacturing
Year

Average
weekly
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

_

46.3
47.4

.472
.549

21.94
21.28
23.56
23.67
24.11

43.1
44.2
45.6
43.7
44.5

.509
.482
.516
.541
.541

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

$25.42
25.48
26.02

-

-

-

-

$21.50
21.63

-

-

-

-

-

-

1929
1930

24.38
24.47
24.70
24.76
23.00

45.0
45.0
44.4
44.2
42.1

.542
.544
.556
.560
.546

26.23
26.28
26.86
26.84
24.42

-

-

1931
1932
1933
193U
1935

20.64
16.89
16.65
18.20
19.91

40.5
38.3
38.1
34.6
36.6

.509
.441
.437
.526
.544

20.98
15.99
16.20
18.59
21.24

_

_

32.5
34.7
33.8
37.2

1936
1937
1938
1939
191*0

21.56
23.82
22.07
23.64
24.96

39.2
38.6
35.6
37.7
38.1

.550
.617
.620
.627
.655

23.72
26.61
23.70
26.19
28.07

191*1
191*2
19 U3
1910*
19U5

29.48
36.68
43.07
45.70
44.20

40.6
43.1
45.0
45.2
43.5

.726
.851
.957
1.011
1.016

191*6
19U7
19U3
191*9
1950

43.32
49.17
53.12
53.88
58.32

40.3
40.4
40.0
39.1
40.5

1951
1952
1953
195U
1955

63.34
67.16
70.47
70.49
75.70

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

1961
1962

1917
1913
1919
1920

12.63
14.97
19.12
21.84
26.02

1921
1922
1923
192U
1925
1926
1927

1928

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21.99
22.29
22.55
22.42
22.47
21.40

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

$0,492
.467
.550
.571

20.09
17.26
16.76
17.73
18.77

41.9
40.0
35.1
36.1

$0,412
.419
.505
.520

40.9
39.9
34.9
37.9
39.2

.580
.667
.679
.691
.716

19.57
21.17
20.65
21.36
21.83

37.7
37.4
36.1
37.4
37.0

.519
.566
.572
.571
.590

33.56
42.17
48.73
51.38
48.36

42.0
45.0
46.5
46.5
44.0

.799
.937
1.048
1.105
1.099

24.39
28.57
33.45
36.38
37.48

38.9
40.3
42.5
43.1
42.3

.627
.709
.787
.844
.886

1.075
1.217
1.328
1.378
1.440

46.22
51.76
56.36
57.25
62.43

40.4
40.5
40.4
39.4
41.1

1.144
1.278
1.395
1.453
1.519

40.30
46.03
49.50
50.38
53.48

40.5
40.2
39.6
38.9
39.7

.995
1.145
1.250
1.295
1.347

40.6
40.7
40.5
39.6
40.7

1.56
1.65 '
1.74
1.78
1.86

68.48
72.63
76.63
76.19
82.19

41.5
41.5
41.2
40.1
41.3

1.65
1.75
1.86
1.90
1.99

56.88
59.95
62.57
63.18
66.63

39.5
39.7
39.6
39.0
39.9

1.44
1.51
1.58
1.62
1.67

78.78
81.59
82.71
88.26
89.72

40.4
39.8
39.2
40.3
39.7

1.95
2.05
2.11
2.19
2.26

85.28
88.26
89.27
96.05
97.44

41.0
40.3
39.5
40.7
40.1

2.08
2.19
2.26
2.36
2.43

70.09
72.52
74.11
78.61
80.36

39.6
39.2
38.8
39.7
39.2

1.77
1.85
1.91
1.98
2.05

92.34
96.56

39.8
40.4

2.32
2.39

100.35
104.70

40.3
40.9

2.49
2.56

82.92
85.54

39.3
39.6

2.11
2.16

NOTE:
Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959.
the hours and earnings series.

x v iii

This inclusion has not significantly affected




Table 4. Gross hours and earnings of production workers1
on payrolls of selected industries, 1947-62

Mining
Year

Contract Construction

Average
weeklyearnings

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
earnings

194-7
1948
1949
1950

$59*94

40.8
39.4
36.3
37.9

$1,469
1.664

$ 58.87
65.27
67.56

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.11
77.59
83.03

65.56
62.33

67.16

1.717
1.772

38.4

2.01

82.86
86.41

82.60

2.14
2.14

89*54

40.7

2.20

95.06

2.33
2.46

100.27

2.47
2.56
2.61

103.78
108.41
113-04

2.64

118.08

2.70

122.47

98.65
96,08
103.68

1960

105.44

40.8
4o.l
38.9
40.5
40.4

106.92
.70

40.5
41.0

1962

76.96

1.93

38.6
38.8
38.6

1956
1957
1958
1959

1961

69.68

H O

88.91
90.90
96.38

Average
weeklyhours

Trade

Average
hourly
earnings

37.7
37.4

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

$1,541
1.713
1.792
1.863

38.2
38.1

Average
weekly
earnings
$40.96
43.97
45.96
47.77

4l.O
40.9
4l.O
4l.O

$0,999
1.075

51.13
53.06
55-20
57.20
59.45

40.9
40.5
40.0
40.0
39.9

1.25
1.31
1.38
1.43
1.49

61.78

1.56
1.64
1.70

2.02

38.1

2.13

38.9
37.9
37-2
37.1

2.28
2.39
2.45

37.5
37.0

2.57
2.71

36.8

2.82

37-0
36.7

2.93

69.17,
70.77

39.6
39.2
39-1
39-3
39-1

3-20

72.56
75.08

38.7

64.29
66.47

3.08

36.9
37-0

3.31

38.8

1 .1 2 1

1.165

1.76
1.8 1
1.87

1.94

l/ For mining, data refer to production workers; for contract construction, to construction workers'
and for trade, to nonsupervisory workers.
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959*

Table 5. Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, 1930-62

(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
Year
Total
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

1936
1937
1938
1939 ,
19401/

1941
1942
1943 2/
1944
1945

New
Hires

3.8
3-7
4.1
6.5
5.7
5.1

-

5.3
4.3
4.7
5.0
5-4

_
-

6.5
9.3
9.1
7.4
7-7

_
_

Separation rates

Accession rates
Year

Total
5.9
4.8
5.2
4.5
4.9
4.3

4.0
5-2
4.8
3.7
4.0

-

8.6
8 .1

-

9-6

4.7
7.8

Quits
1-9

1.1

•9

1.1
1.1
1.1

1.3
1.5

.8
1.0
1.1
2.4
4.6
6.3

6.2
6 .1

Total

Layoffs
3.6
3.5
4.2
3.2
3.7
3.0

2.4
3.5
3.9

2.6
2.6

J .6
1.3
•7
•7

2.6

8 .1
6.2

New
Hires

_

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

5.4
4.3
5.3

_
-

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

5.3
5.4
4.8
3.6
4.5

4.1
4.1
3.6
1.9
3.0

1956
1957
1958
19593/

4.2
3.6
3.6
4.2
3-8

2.8
2.2

1960
1961
1962

4.1
4.1

1.7

2.6
2.2
2.2

2.5

Separation rates
Total

Quits

7.2
5.7
5.4
5.0
4.1

5.2
4.1
3.4
1.9
2.3

5.3

2.9

4.9
5.1
4.1
3.9
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.3
4.0
4.1

2.8
2.8

1.4
1-9
1-9

1.6
l.l
1-5
1-3

1 .2
1.4

Layoffs
1.4

1.1
1.6
2.9
1.3
1.4
1.4

1.6
2.3
1.5
1.7

2 .1
2.6
2.0
2.4

2.2
2.0

1/ Quits include miscellaneous separations prior to 1940.
2/ Beginning January 1943 labor turnover rates refer to all employees; previously, to production
workers only.
3/ Beginning with January 1959# transfers between establishments of the same firm are included in
total accessions and total separations, therefore rates for these items are not strictly comparable
with prior data.
Transfers comprise pant of other accessions and other separations, the rates for
which are not shown separately.
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959*
This inclvision has not significantly
affected the labor turnover series.
xlx




estimates for industries not published monthly for March 1959, 1961

Industry
code

All employees (in thousands)
March

March

1962

1961
52,787

52,093

645

658

10.8

10.9

21.0

11

1 2 .1

14.1

lltg
11A

37.4
34.5

38.4
35.8

15-17

35.4
2,480

36.4
2,457

Primary production of
imrtm u m ............. .
Primary smelting and refining
of nonferrous metals, not
elsewhere classified ........
Secondary smelting and refin­
ing of nonferrous metals ....
Other nonferrous rolling,
drawing and extruding .......
Primary metal industries, not
elsewhere classified ........

18.6
38.7
36.7
35.8

302.5

304.0
114.7

173

185.2

123.8

174

207.9

205.1

175

71.1
91.4

177

56.1

48.7

93-5
52.3

226.5

220.1

Metal barrels, drums, kegs,
and p a i l s ...................
Miscellaneous fabricated
metal products, not else­
where classified ............

304.0

114.8
I 87.9

221.4

176
178,9
19-39

19 ,24 ,25 ,

68.7
90.2

70.8

16,618

15,915
8,803

34.2

31.9

2433

13.3

12 .6
9.5

34.1

253

19.6

19.7

20.9

20 .1

19.1

21.9

323
3255
3253,9

328

18.0

16 .2

14.7

14.1

17.0
16 .1

23.2

23.6
18.0

25.8
18.0

17.5

100.0
2 3.1

94.0
22.4

104.9
22.2

3293,5-7,9

53.7

50.6

54.3

3317

22.7

21.5

26.6

3313,5,6

50.7

44.0

51.4

329
3292

333

54.0

52.1

57*9

3331

15.9

14.4

3333

9.0

4.8
7.3

16 .

3392,9

1 8 .1

14

3491

10.8

10 ,

37.5

32

3534

13.9

13.

3537
3554

19.9
17-5

15-

18.

.

3555

24.5

21

3553,9

54.6

55.

3564

23.2

21 .

3565,7,9
3572

45.7

18.6

21.

3576,9
3581,2,4,

24.8

22 .

6,9

39.5

34 .

3624

1 1 .2

10.

3623,9
3631,5,9
3691
3692

23.9
9-5
35.7
17.3
9-5

3693,9

16.7

3715
3741
3742

19.6

20.

15.1

25.2

17.
22.

383
385

12 .7
27.8

10

3911-3
3914
393

30.5
11.4

Nondurable goods i J ............

3.3

13

17 .2

3492,3,6,
7,9

14.9

3332

14.0

3356

Jewelry (precious metal) and
cutting and polishing
precious stones ...............
Silverware and plated ware ....
Musical instruments and parts .
Other miscellaneous manu­
facturing industries .........

10.6

35-1

259

8,

Optical instruments and lenses
Ophthalmic g o o d s ...... .......

12.6

9.0

30.1

7.9

334

Truck t railers.................
locomotives and p a r t s .........
Railroad and streetcars......

9,296

^32.9

3339

19

Carbon and graphite products..
Other electrical industrial
apparatus.................. ..
Sewing machines...............
Other household appliances....
Storage batteries.............
Primary batteries.............
Miscellaneous electrical ma ­
chinery, equipment and sup­
plies, not elsewhere
classified...................

16,441

9,377

32-39

2514,9

17.9

Elevators and moving stairways
Industrial trucks, tractors,
trailer's, and s t a c k e r s .....
Riper industries machinery....
Printing trades machinery
and e q u i p m e n t ...............
Special industry machinery,
not elsewhere classified ....
Blowers, exhaust and venti­
lating f a n s ................ .
General industrial machinery
and equipment, not elsewhere
c l a s s i f i e d .............. .
^typewriters..................
Scales, balances, and office
machines, not elsewhere
classified ..................
Other service industry
machinery....................

179.8
224.3

2426,9

2443,5

3334

2,562

172

March

Durable goods— Continued

12 .3
20.6

17 1

All eagle

1962

731

19.3

141,5,7-9

Industry
code

1959

54,442
10-14
103
104-6,8,9

Industry title

March

3636

398,9
20-23,
26-31

20.7
133.9
7,24l

5.4
Condensed m i l k ...............
Other dairy p r o d u c t s .... .

9.8

XX

2023
2021,2,5

14.5
38.7

39-

20.

10.

37-

16 .
9-

16.

.

27-

2715.

18.
L36.

lk5

16.

39.

Table 6. Employment estimates for industries not published monthly for March 1959, 1961, and 1962-Continued

Industry title

Industry
code

All employees (in thousands)
March

March

1962

1961

All esployees (in thousands)
Industry title

March
1959

code

Nondurable goods— Continued
Dried, dehydrated,and
pickled fruits and
vegetables, e t c ............
Wet corn milling.........
Other grain mill products...
Cane sugar, except refining
Cane sugar refining.........

203^,5
2046
2043-5

2061
2062
2063

26.3

25-9
16.9

16.4

21.0

20.6

8.6
13.5
7.0

9.1
l4?6
7.3

Synthetic rubber............
Other drugs and medicines...
Other cleaning, polishing,
and sanitation preparations
Agricultural chemicals,
except fertilizer..........
Hum a n d u n o d c h e m i c a l s ......
Miscellaneous chemical
p r o d u c t s ................................. ..................
Explosives..................
Other chemical products, not
e l s e w h e r e c l a s s i f i e d . ......

25.6
17 .2
20.8
9.6
16.3
7.1

14.7

20.0

14.6
20.5

13.5
21.3

1 7 .3

17.4

20.3

2i.3

17 .8
22.6

120.4

11 8 .1

116.3

R ubber fo o tw e a r

T ..............................

Reclaimed rubber and other
rubber products, not else­
where classified...........

Tobacco (chewing and smoking)

Boot and shoe cut stock....

213
Tobacco stemming and redrylnf 214

2256,9

2281,3

5-7
14.2

20.3
79-5

2282,4
2298

23.3
10 .2

2291-7,9

Men'8 and boys' underwear... 2322
Men's and boys' clothing,
not elsewhere^classified... 2323,9
Girls' and children's outer­
wear, not elsewhere
classified.................
2363,9
Fur goods...................
237
Miscellaneous apparel and
m ................
238
Dress and work gloves, except
knit and all l eather......
2381
Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories, not elsewhere
classified............. .
2384-7,9
r
fV»v+.11 VlflgR...................................
2393
Miscellaneous fabricated.
textile products, not
elsewhere classified......
2394-7,9

P

Other converted pulp and
paperboard products, not
elsewhere classified......
Sanitary food containers . . . .
Fiber cans, tubes, drums,
and similar products......

March

March

1962

1961

2641,2,
4-6,9
2654

5.9
13 .7
19 .3
76.1
20.6

L uggage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.5

12 .8

Hand bags and other personal
leather goods..............
Other leather products, not
elsewhere classified......

18.3
87 .I

2822

13-0

2831,3

27.9

11 .0
26.6

10 .1
29.0

2842,3

27.1

26.9

24.2

2873,9

11.3

286

1 2 .1
8.2

8.8

9.2
7-7

289
2892

19-7

69.4
17 .6

70.1
17 .6

2891,3-5,9

52.9

51.8

52.5

302

26.8

22.9

21.6

130.5

118.0

128.3

313
316

17.1
15.7

17.7
14.6
,

317

38.1

36.1

36.6

312,5,9

16.7

16 .3

17-5

303,6

Transportation and public
utilities 1 / .................
40-49
( T l a s s IT r a i l r o a d s
,
,
4011-2
Class I switching and termi­
nal companies..............
4013-1
Class II switching and terminal companies..............
4013-2

72.6

3,865

3,846

18 .2
15.8

9*6

21.4
11.4

56.0

53-5

6 1.1

14.1

13.1

12.4

50.2

45.4

46.0

Other services allied to
highway transportation....

414,5,7

27.7

25.3

43.1
8.3

40.3
7-8

39-5

Motor freight transportation
Public warehousing..........

421,3
422

774.2
77-5

729.9

725.7
82.4

W a ter

44
441,2

220.8

222.4
84.3

23 I .7

83.4

443
444,5

2.8
29.2

2.8
27.6

4.0
29-5

446

105.4

107.7

114.9

458

21.0

20.2

17 .2

47

76.8

74.6

68.6

4-3

4.1

8.8

63 .O

59.4

59-6

14.4

13 .8

14.4

48.6
8.9

81.6

109.0
28.2

45.6

45.2

9.0

9-1

79-0

102.9
27-0

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n .....................

Deep sea transportation....
Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
Seaway transportation.....
Local water transportation..
Services incidental to
water transportation.......
Fixed facilities and services
related to air transporta­
t ion .................................................................

72.8

Transportation services, not
elsewhere classified......
Communication services, not
elsewhere classified.......

91.6
22.4

2655

13-0

10.9

Engrsying and plate printing
frreetlng cards....... .
Other publishing and print­
ing industries, not elsewhere classified...........

2753
277

10 .7
19.6

10 .3
19.1

10.5
18.5

274,6,9

91.7

89.5

83.7

Alkalies and chlorine......
Industrial organic chemicals,
not elsewhere classified*.•
Industrial inorganic chemi­
cals, not elsewhere
classified.................
Industrial gases, cyclic
crude dyes, and pigments...

2812

24.1

22.6

489

12.6

2818

112.4

2819

2813-6

Wholesale and retail trade l/.
Farm products-raw materials
(who!esale ) - . - . . . _........
Miscellaneous wholesalers . , •

110 .2

106.6

92.6

93.8

91.9

53.1

51.8

53.4

l/ Regularly published series.
xxi

50,52-59
505

509

Building materials, hardware,
and farm equipment.........

52

Maj^l order houses..... .
Limited price variety stores
Other general merchandising.

532
533
534,5,9

Candy, nut, and confectionery
544
stores............. ........

3,959
17.5

15.0

15 .6

36.2

35.7

42.9

9.0

9-7

10.2

24.0




March
1959

Nondurable goods— Continued

Chocolate and cocoa products,
chewing g u m ................
2072,3
2085
Other beverages and related
2083,4 ,7
Vegetable oils and f a t s ....
209I - 3 ' '
Miscellaneous food prepare2094-9

Knit fabrics and knitting,
not elsewhere classified...
Yarn spinning...............
Yarn throwing and thread
mills.......................
Cordage
twine...........
Miscellaneous textile goods,
not elsewhere classified...

Industry

11,213

80.3

11,051

19.0

83.3

1.6
10,771

92.3
1,037.8

95.2
1,017.7

91.8
1 ,006.3

508.1

518.7

532.8

89 .O

85.2

91.1
305-8
224.9

300.3

304.8

219.2

202.8

28.4

31.9

34.2

Table 6. Employment estimates for industries not published monthly for March 1959, 1961, and 1962-Continued

All enplor'fees (in thousands)
Industry title

Industry
code

March

March

1962

1961

546
545,9

W omen’s accessory and
specialty stores...........
Other clothing stores......

93.0
44.3

55
551
552
554

563
564,7-9

Miscellaneous retail stores.
Book and stationery stores..
Farm and garden supply
stores......................
Jdyfp] -py fSt/lTPR . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel and ice dealers........
Retail trade, not elsewhere
classified.................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate \J.....................
Other credit agencies......

code

March

Jferch

March

1962

1961

1959

Service and miscellaneous—
Continued

Automotive dealers and
gasoline service stations..
New and used car dealers....
Used car dealers............
Gasoline service stations...

Furniture and home furnishings........................
Household appliance stores..
Radio, television, and music
stores......................

Industry

1959

Wholesale and retail
trade— Continued
Retail bakeries.............

All enploryrees (in thousands)
Industry title

March

94.2
45.5

Automobile rentals, without
drivers....................
Automobile parking..........
Auto repair and services....

90.7
47.3

1,247.7
591.9
40.7
472.0

1 ,222.1

42.1
440.0

32.0
36.7

35.2
37-4

36.3
38.9

571
572

240.2

239.4

87.7

89.8

241.9
92.4

573

58.7

56.9

55.1

59
594

978.4
51.9

954.5
53.1

919.2

596
598

113.4

91.6
63.1
111.2

89.4

597

90.8
62.7

25.2

23.3
33-6
202.7

18 7 .O

47.2

132.4
44.9

124.1
42.2

33*8

217.8

292.0

592,3,5,9

60-67

2,757

611,3,5,6

46.9

271.3

2,684
43.3

602.8

Miscellaneous repair services 76
762
Electrical repair shops....
Other miscellaneous repair
services...................
763,4,9

138 .3
91.1

87.5

81.9

7811

28.6

32.0

25.2

7812

13.4

15.1

18.3

79

318.9

306.9

281.2

793
791,2
794

101.9

60.7
156.2

97.9
61.5
147-5

77.6
65.3
138.3

1 ,819.4

1,703.7

1,519.6

239.4

218.4

207.1

803,4,7,9

92.3
255.3

83.4
230.4

183.7

Legal services..............

81

155.2

146.0

135.9

Educational services.......
Elementary and secondary
schools (private)..........
Higher educational insti­
tutions (private) ..........
Other educational services
(private)..................

82

825.9

783.8

748.0

Motion picture filming.... .
Motion picture distributing.
Amusement and recreation
services, except motion
pictures................ .
Bowling alleys and billiard
parlors....................
Other winter amusements....
Summer amusements...........

52.81

Medical and other health
services....... .
Offices of physicians and
sturgeons...................
Offices of dentists and
dental surgeons............
Other medical services.....

64.1

112.0
256.4

80
801
802

36.6

635,6,9

39-9

38.9

39-6

Subdividers and developers..
Real estate, n+.her..........

655
651,3,4

4 3 .O
424.9

42.3
412.5

39.9
423.8

Combination of real estate,
insurance, loans, law
offices.....................

66

53.5

54.3

57-2

Holding and other investment
companies..................

67

22.8

20.7

18 .1

Other lodging places........
Personal S6!nric°^
Photographic studios........
Beauty shops................
Barber shops................
Funeral services and
crematories,................
Pressing, alteration, and
garment repair.............
Other personal
<■**»».....
Miscellaneous business
sarYic^s
Credit reporting and collection agencies...........
Duplicating, mailing, blue­
printing, stenographic
services...................
Services to buildings......
Oiliar TMtsinas®
- T -*

70-86,89,
99,07-09

7,731

7,407

6,925

41.4

882.7
32.1
156.6

875.7
13 8 .1

73-7

73-6

73.4

53-0

722

40.6

168.7

72

41.5

895.8

702-4

51.6

726

31.7

31.6
28.2

778.6

274.0

249.2

463-0

441.0

47.8

46.8

57.8

9.2

9-2

7-9

1,148.4
54.6
107.9

1,135.7

52.2

1,079.1
50.5

104.4

101.8

866,7

829.5

826.2

775-3

862,4,5,9

156.4

152.9

151.5

390.5

369.9

327.2

200.5

187-7

175.4

823,4,9

84

86
861

863

48.5

54.7

116 .2

447.3

53-0
92.7
373-2

276.8

259.6

239.7

31.5

35-1

Agricultural services,
forestry, fisheries........
733
734
735,6,9

Automobile repair, automobile
services, and garages.....
75

1

07-09

Nondassifiable
p s t s M if?hiipntR .............

99

Government 1/ .................

l/Regularly published series.




285.7
492.4

Miscellaneous services.....
89
Engineering and architectural
pprvl (’ p r ...................
891
Nonprofit educational and
scientific research
892
organiseti^na
Other miscellaneous services 893,9

669.9

53.0

57.4
129.1
495.7

732

Nonprofit membership
organizations..............
Business associations.... .
Labor organizations.........
Religious and charitable
organi za+.i n r i s ..............
Other nonprofit membership
organi zations, excluding
religious and charitable
..............
organizations

29.6

56.3

73

28.6

846.9

727
725,9

Museums, art galleries, bo ­
tanical and zoological
gardens....................

821
822

47.7

31.8

723
724

80.0

2,548

Other insurance carriers....

Service and miscellaneous 1 / ..

19.5
33-2

| ,216.6
l

589.5
41.6
453.3

751
752
753,4

x x ii

91-93

38.7

6l.O

59*2

129.0

123.0

113.1

166 .-6

168.6

166.2

26.0

19.7

53-1

9,133

8,769

8,156

SECTION I.
EMPLOYMENT
HOURS AND EARNINGS
LABOR TURNOVER
BY INDUSTRY
NOTE: All data in Section I include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959.
For labor turnover rates, beginning with January 1959, transfers between establishments of the same firm
are included in total accessions and total separations, therefore rates for these items are not strictly comparable
with prior data. Transfers comprise part of other accessions and other separations, the rates for which are not
shown separately.




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

2

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

JUIM

July

.August

Snptnmbnr

October

November

December

TOTAL EM PLOYEES IN N O N AG RICULTURAL ESTABLISHMENTS
IN THOUSANDS
1919
1920

27*088
27,350

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

24,382
25,827
28,394
28,040
28,778

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

29,819
29,976
30,000
31,339
29,424

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

26,649
23,628
23,711
25,953
27,053

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

29,082
31,026
29,209
30,618
32,376

29,268
30,936

29,365
30,965

29,774
31,297

29,758
31,366

30,118
31,707

30,490
31,985

30,442
31,987

30,843
32,556

31,584
33,350

31,950
33,776

31,814
33,968

32,011
34,619

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

36,554
40,125
42,452
41,883
40,394

33,792
37,640
41,458
42,013
41,317

34,079
37,766
41,688
41,952
41,388

34,553
38,417
42,094
41,956
41,526

35,154
39,060
42,380
41,860
41,266

36,016
39,605
42,418
41,829
41,123

36,689
40,085
42,843
42,007
41,149

37,213
40,534
42,741
41,896
40,784

37,750
41,126
42,602
41,840
40,427

38,306
41,564
42,637
41,733
38,577

38, 358
41,730
42,712
41,640
38,560

38,243
41,758
42,827
41,679
39,015

38,493
42,211
43,027
42,191
39,590

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

41,674
43,881
44,891
43,778
45,222

39,315
43,032
44,158
44,088
42,910

38,768
43,022
43,890
43,748
42,504

39,940
43,275
44,227
43,679
43,339

40,723
43,239
44,018
43,813
43,941

41,120
43,327
44,410
43,569
44,317

41,677
43,699
44,887
43,600
44,985

41,995
43,542
44,926
43,286
45,211

42,643
44,009
45,275
43,761
46,337

43,101
44,536
45,734
44,275
46,943

43,206
44, 690
45,636
43,392
47,178

43,543
44,753
45,527
43,599
47,144

44,061
45,446
46,000
44,524
47,851

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

47,849
48,825
50,232
49,022
50,675

46,607
47,571
49,380
48,686
48,688

46,750
47,674
49,453
48,462
48,686

47,232
47,844
49,793
48,443
49,195

47,424
48,183
49,990
48,716
49,751

47,544
48,237
50,106
48,610
50,188

47,977
48,221
50,498
48,928
50,889

47,806
47,896
50,313
48,633
50,799

48,113
48,995
50,555
48,905
51,205

48,409
49,752
50,797
49,327
51,728

48,476
50,083
50,741
49,455
51,962

48,544
50,270
50,405
49,703
52,132

49,301
51,178
50,751
50,394
52,874

1956
1957
1958
1959
19 60

52,408
52,904
51,423
53,404
54,370

51,172
52,090
51,314
51,712
53,484

51,178
52,070
50,550
51,638
53,462

51,461
52,269
50,393
52,093
53,539

51,830
52,647
50,465
52,796
54,345

52,182
52,840
50,706
53,421
54,426

52,715
53,244
51,201
54,072
54,842

51,785
52,986
51,008
53,866
54,470

52,742
53,275
51,471
53,661
54,674

53,106
53,490
52,156
54,135
55,004

53,355
53,379
52,162
54,057
54,897

53,378
53,130
52,540
54,234
54, 595

53,993
53,431
53,109
55,162
54,697

1961
1962
1963

54,224
55,841

52,856
54,053
55,409

52,494
54,154
55,374

52,787
54,442
55,714

53,244
55,296
56,505

53,815
55,721
56,967

54,571
56,311

54,381
56,093

54,759
56,329

55,220
56,872

55,327
56,953

55,413
56,828

55,815
57,044




MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

3

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y«ar

Annual
A v.rag.

January

February

April

March

MINING

May

July

Juna

August

Saptnmbar

October

Nowmbar

Dacambar

ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANOS

1919
1920

1.133
1.239

1921
1922
1923
1926
1925

962
929
1.212
1,101
1.089

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

1.185
1.114
1.050
1.087
1.009

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

873
731
744
883
897

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

946
1,015
891
854
925

887
927

883
925

884
925

599
908

710
912

851
903

845
916

862
928

892
935

940
943

952
943

937
940

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

957
992
925
892
836

941
1,016
942
908
857

939
1,002
943
910
855

952
997
939
905
853

646
998
930
901
816

954
997
917
899
779

970
996
923
904
852

991
1,002
923
895
842

1,011
1,000
920
896
842

1.020
990
923
887
842

1,023
979
919
874
772

1,019
970
910
869
853

1,016
959
915
861
865

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

862
955
994
930
901

871
934
985
990
854

867
935
976
987
596

869
937
991
981
928

557
917
887
983
931

775
946
1,005
972
931

894
961
1,022
966
941

912
936
990
940
918

925
973
1,023
953
950

922
972
1.022
943
949

922
976
1,011
596
941

922
980
1,007
912
938

911
987
1,009
933
936

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

929
898
866
791
792

930
929
890
835
766

929
921
878
823
764

928
926
870
808
773

914
921
862
792
774

921
921
862
782
785

936
849
872
794
802

919
817
863
785
795

939
908
869
787
802

931
905
866
769
811

931
894
854
769
806

934
894
857
776
811

934
895
851
775
813

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

822
828
751
732
712

806
823
791
745
712

809
822
770
731
713

816
819
754
731
710

821
821
740
740
723

816
826
738
756
726

842
845
747
768
729

771
838
734
768
701

843
850
740
707
722

843
840
746
689
714

835
825
744
691
711

833
818
750
725
699

830
813
753
732
686

1961
1962
1963

672
652

671
652
622

660
648
618

658
645
616

662
652
632

673
662
643

684
666

678
654

682
663

682
657

674
652

673
644

663
634

1960
1961
1962
1963

36
35
35

35
35
35
35

36
35
34
35

36
34
34
35

36
35
35

35
34
35

35
34
35

3§
34
35

35
35
35

M O N TH LY D A T A N O T A V A IL A B L E

,

E
FEMALE 1MPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
36
35
35
35

36
34
35
35

36
35
35

36
35
35

PRODUCTION NQRKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

871
906
839
816

853
901
901
766

854
892
897
507

855
905
891
845

833
801
892
846

864
915
881
847

878
933
876
856

852
900
846
833

888
933
862
865

888
931
851
863

891
922
503
856

895
919
822
854

902
919
844
852

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

840
801
765
686
680

842
837
788
732
659

842
830
777
721
658

842
833
769
704
664

826
827
762
688
664

834
824
761
67$
673

648
753
773
687
689

829
716
764
677
680

849
809
769
681
687

840
802
765
661
695

840
792
752
663
691

844
793
754
669
696

843
794
747
667
699

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

701
695
611
590
570

694
699
651
604
575

693
698
630
589
574

697
693
615
590
570

703
692
601
596
581

698
696
600
613
584

719
711
608
624
585

647
701
594
621
556

720
711
600
563
578

718
701
606
547
570

712
687
604
551
568

710
680
610
586
557

707
674
612
594
544

1961
1962
1963

532
514

530
513
485

521
509
482

518
507
481

523
513
496

534
523
506

544
526

535
515

542
524

542
518

535
514

534
508

523
498




4

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

MINING— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

59.94
65.56
62.33
67.16

59.83
66*54
69.76
55.99

57.38
64.36
66.09
59.26

57.92
65.61
64.46
71.02

52.36
54.32
66.26
67.56

58.58
66.54
67.56
65.79

60.22
65.89
59.44
66.33

54.98
61.40
56.41
67.69

61.96
69.47
54.61
67.08

63.07
67.45
57.66
68.66

63.73
69.14
66.96
71.17

63.32
66.43
64.51
69.57

64.79
68.64
54.43
72.17

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.11
77.59
83.03
82.60
89.54

72.10
79.60
82.22
83.28
87.48

71.80
76.44
80.30
81.27
87.26

70.08
76.63
80.14
78.60
86.22

71.80
71.34
79.55
78.60
87.02

72.19
74.09
83.10
80.94
89.38

73.53
72.10
85.41
84.10
90.45

73.91
71.54
84.10
81.62
90.64

73.54
78.21
86.83
83.71
89.57

76.25
83.23
84.63
82.82
91.17

77.02
77.75
85.97
84.96
92.66

76.83
82.97
83.11
85.17
89.82

79.40
84.56
82.94
86.86
93.34

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95.06
98.65
96.08
103.68
105.44

93.71
97.12
96.11
101.24
105.99

92.34
97.36
94.62
102.29
102.83

92.11
96.48
93.50
102.66
106.78

94.60
97.04
91.39
102.51
106.75

94.66
96.71
92.72
104.60
106.34

95.71
101.02
97.81
106.66
106.34

94.89
100.44
95.55
99.25
106.30

93.73
99.79
97.17
103.73
105.67

97.06
102.16
98.46
102.47
104.64

96.93
99.20
98.31
104.30
105.44

95.44
96.36
99.50
104.64
102.82

99.70
98.36
101.40
108.47
103.49

1961
1962
1963

106.92
110.70

105.86
108.26
111.66

104.15
109.62
112.48

101.14
110.57
110.97

103.49
110.70
112.75

104.52
109.61
114.39

107.42
110.68

109.82
109.08

107.68
111.90

108.79
112.47

111.19
111.78

109.47
110.02

109.48
111.66

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.469
1.664
1.717
1.772

1.369
1.623
1.744
1.707

1.376
1.617
1.730
1.646

1.379
1.616
1.719
1.780

1.367
1.552
1.721
1.778

1.375
1.631
1.728
1.759

1.407
1.631
1.718
1.764

1.486
1.664
1.699
1.772

1.549
1.711
1.675
1.756

1.569
1.725
1.711
1.788

1.562
1.720
1.674
1.811

1.595
1.721
1.753
1.807

1.588
1.729
1.701
1.827

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.93
2.01
2.14
2.14
2.20

1.83
1.98
2.13
2.18
2.16

1.93
1.97
2.13
2.15
2.16

1.92
1.98
2.12
2.13
2.15

1.93
1.96
2.11
2.13
2.17

1.92
1.96
2.12
2.13
2.18

1.93
1.97
2.13
2.14
2.19

1.95
1.96
2.14
2.12
2.20

1.92
1.99
2.16
2.13
2.19

1.95
2.03
2.17
2.14
2.24

1.94
2.03
2.16
2.14
2.26

1.96
2.09
2.17
2.14
2.24

1.98
2.13
2.16
2.15
2.26

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.33
2.46
2.47
2.56
2.61

2.28
2.41
2.49
2.55
2.63

2.28
2.41
2.49
2.57
2.61

2.28
2.40
2.48
2.56
2.63

2.33
2.42
2.45
2.55
2.61

2.32
2.43
2.44
2.57
2.60

2.34
2.47
2.47
2.57
2.60

2.32
2.48
2.45
2.50
2.58

2.32
2.47
2.46
2.53
2.59

2.35
2.51
2.48
2.53
2.59

2.37
2.48
2.47
2.55
2.61

2.38
2.49
2.50
2.59
2.59

2.42
2.49
2.51
2.62
2.62

1961
1962
1963

2.64
2.70

2.64
2.72
2.73

2.63
2.70
2.75

2.60
2.71
2.74

2.62
2.70
2.73

2.60
2.68
2.73

2.62
2.68

2.64
2.68

2.62
2.69

2.66
2.71

2.66
2.70

2.67
2.69

2.69
2.73

1947
1948
1949
1950

40.8
39.4
36.3
37.9

43.7
41.0
40.0
32.8

41.7
39.8
38.2
36.0

42.0
40.6
37.5
39.9

38.3
35.0
38.5
38.0

42.6
40.8
39.1
37.4

42.8
40.4
34.6
37.6

37.0
36.9
33.2
38.2

40.0
40.6
32.6
38.2

40.2
39.1
33.7
38.4

40.8
40.2
40.0
39.3

39.7
38.6
36.8
38.5

40.8
39.7
32.0
39.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

38.4
38.6
38.8
38.6
40.7

39.4
40.2
38.6
38.2
40.5

37.2
38.8
37.7
37.8
40.4

36.5
38.7
37.8
36.9
40.1

37.2
36.4
37.7
36.9
40.1

37.6
37.8
39.2
38.0
41.0

38.1
36.6
40.1
39.3
41.3

37.9
36.5
39.3
38.5
41.2

38.3
39.3
40.2
39.3
40.9

39.1
41.0
39.0
38.7
40.7

39.7
38.3
39.8
39.7
41.0

39.2
39.7
38.3
39.8
40.1

40.1
39.7
38.4
40.4
41.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.8
40.1
38.9
40.5
40.4

41.1
40.3
38.6
39.7
40.3

40.5
40.4
38.0
39.8
39.4

40.4
40.2
37.7
40.1
40.6

40.6
40.1
37.3
40.2
40.9

40.8
39.8
38.0
40.7
40.9

40.9
40.9
39.6
41.5
40.9

40.9
40.5
39.0
39.7
41.2

40.4
40.4
39.5
41.0
40.8

41.3
40.7
39.7
40.5
40.4

40.9
40.0
39.8
40.9
40.4

40.1
38.7
39.8
40.4
39.7

41.2
39.5
40.4
41.4
39.5

1961
1962
1963

40.5
41.0

40.1
39.8
40.9

39.6
40.6
40.9

38.9
40.8
40.5

39.5
41.0
41.3

40.2
40.9
41.9

41.0
41.3

41.6
40.7

41.1
41.6

40.9
41.5

41.8
41.4

41.0
40.9

40.7
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

METAL MINING - SIC 10
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

102.6
115.2

99.7
109.5

98.4
109.4

98.4
109.2

99.4
111.4

99.9
113.9

101.1
115.6

100.0
117.6

100.7
117.9

104.5
119.4

108.1
119.6

109.9
119.5

110.8
119.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

128.3
132.3
125.7
105.7
89.3

119.8
133.7
128.4
118.7
94.6

121.1
133.8
128.5
117.6
93.6

122.5
135.8
128.2
115.2
93.8

127.2
135.4
127.8
112.9
92.7

126.0
135.6
126.5
110.2
91.9

130.5
134.7
127.0
107.8
90.1

130.9
134.1
125.1
104.0
88.2

132.7
132.3
122.8
102.1
86.2

131.7
129.3
126.8
98.5
84.7

132.1
127.4
124.6
95.4
84.1

131.8
127.9
122.1
93.6
85.1

133.0
127.5
121.0
92.6
87.0




5

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yuar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

April

May

Junu

July

August

Suptumbur

Octobur

Novumbur

Ducumbur

METAL MINING - SIC 10— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

87.8
103.0
104.2
97.7
96.9

87.5
100.3
104.9
102.5
94.4

77.4
101.3
105.1
105.9
94.6

76.2
102.7
105.5
106.8
94.7

73.4
103.5
105.9
107.7
94.7

78.6
103.2
105.1
105.7
96.1

85.7
104.4
106.6
104.5
97.7

90.0
103.2
105.1
98.5
99.1

95.2
104.0
100.9
97.7
98.4

96.0
102.6
101.9
95.5
98.7

96.5
102.5
104.9
67.5
97.1

97.9
104.1
101.7
86.4
97.9

98.9
104.4
103.0
93.6
99.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

101.0
99.8
106.0
99.3
101.5

100.1
104.5
106.8
105.0
97.5

100.6
104.8
106.5
103.9
98.1

100.0
104.7
105.6
102.4
98.9

99.4
105.4
105.2
99.5
100.8

99.4
105.7
105.6
100.1
101.6

101.1
75.3
106.9
101.3
103.6

101.6
72.4
106.2
102.2
94.5

102.0
106.3
105.6
100.8
97.9

100.6
103.6
105.7
91.8
105.8

101.1
102.9
105.6
92.6
106.0

102.6
105.8
105.8
96.4
106.3

103.7
106.7
106.2
95.4
106.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

108.8
111.4
93.2
83.7
93.8

106.9
111.4
101.0
94.8
81.4

108.2
111.4
97.4
94.3
90.2

108.8
111.5
95.2
93.7
94.7

110.8
112.3
91.2
96.4
96.9

110.2
113.7
91.9
97.2
98.1

112.4
114.3
93.3
98.3
98.6

85.4
115.2
91.1
97.9
96.3

110.8
114.2
88.6
71.8
96.6

114.6
112.1
90.9
54.4
95.5

113.3
107.9
90.0
53.9
94.3

112.3
106.9
94.0
75.1
91.4

112.2
105.4
93.9
76.4
91.8

1961
1962
1963

87.4
82.8

90.9
84.7
77.9

87.2
84.8
79.5

87.3
84.5
78.7

86.7
85.5
81.5

87.8
86.9
83.0

88.9
87.6

88.8
86.4

85.8
82.1

88.0
78.8

85.9
78.0

87.0
77.5

84.1
76.8

2.5
2.4
2.5

2.5
2.2
2.4

2.5
2.2
2.4

2.5
2.1
2.4

2.5
2.3
2.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
2.4
2.4

2.4
2.6
2.3
2.4

2.5
2.4
2.3
2.3

2.6
2.4
2.3
2.3

2.6
2.4
2.3
2.2

2.6
2.4
2.3
2.2

2.6
2.4
2.4

2.6
2.5
2.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

92.4
103.7

89.8
98.6

88.6
98.5

88.6
98.3

89.5
100.3

90.0
102.6

91.1
104.0

90.1
105.8

90.7
106. 1

94.2
107.5

97*4
107.6

99.0
107.6

99.8
107.4

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

115.5
119.1
112.5
95.1
78.4

107.8
120.3
114.8
106.6
83.0

109.0
120.4
114.9
105.7
82.1

110.3
122.2
114.5
103.6
82.4

114.6
122.0
114.3
101.6
81.3

113.4
122.2
113.2
99.2
80.6

117.6
121.4
113.7
97.0
79.0

117.8
120.8
112.0
93.6
77.4

119.4
119.1
109.9
91.9
75.6

118.5
116.5
113.4
88.7
74.5

118.9
114.8
111.4
86.0
73.8

118.6
115.1
109.2
84.3
74.7

119.7
114.8
108.2
83.3
76.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

78.0
92.8
93.7
87.2
86.7

77.7
90.3
94.3
92.3
84.1

68.7
91.4
94.5
95.3
84.5

67.5
92.4
94.9
96.6
84.9

65.2
93.4
95.4
97.2
84.7

69.9
93.2
94.7
95.1
85.8

76.4
94.4
95.7
93.6
87.4

80.0
93.0
94.3
87.4
88.6

84.6
93.9
90.2
86.6
88.0

85.3
92.3
91.5
84.7
88.2

85.7
92.1
94.5
57.2
86.6

87.0
93.6
91.4
75.9
87.8

87.8
93.9
92.7
84.0
89.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

88.9
86.4
91.3
84.7
86.3

88.6
91.7
92.7
90.3
83.0

88.9
92.0
92.2
89.0
83.8

88.3
91.6
91.1
87.6
84.4

87.5
92.4
90.5
84.9
85.7

87.5
92.5
91.1
85.7
86.5

89.1
62.2
92.0
86.7
88.2

89.1
59.1
91.4
87.6
79.0

89.3
92.3
90.7
86.1
81.9

88.2
89.6
91.0
77.3
90.5

88.7
89.0
90.7
78.2
90.5

90.3
91.8
90.9
81.9
91.0

91.2
92.6
91.3
80.8
91.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

92.6
94.2
76.4
67.3
77.3

91.5
95.4
83.9
78.0
66.5

92.2
95.2
80.6
77.5
74.3

92.9
94.9
78.6
77.1
78.6

94.8
95.4
74.3
79.5
80.5

94.2
97.0
75.3
80.1
81.6

95.7
96.9
76.4
81.0
81.6

68.8
97.3
73.9
80.3
79.4

94.4
95.9
72.0
54.9
79.7

97.6
94.1
74.3
38.8
78.5

96.4
90.4
73.3
38.6
77.3

96.3
89.4
77.2
60.1
74.5

95.9
88.4
77.3
61.8
75.2

1961
1962
1963

71.7
67.9

74.4
69.4
63.2

71.3
69.8
64.9

71.5
69.5
64.5

70.9
70.5
67.3

72.4
71.9
68.9

73.3
72.5

73.1
71.5

70.0
67.1

72.4
63.9

70.6
63.3

71.4
63.2

68.9
62.4

1939
1940

28.49
29.71

28.55
29.85

28.07
30.22

28.11
29.82

27.42
29.35

27.97
29.59

27.82
28.99

26.13
27.70

28.11
29.61

27.92
29.89

30.60
30.60

30.08
29.91

30.20
31.26

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

32.70
38.06
42.51
43.78
45.07

30.11
35.78
40.08
42.87
44.28

30.69
37.27
40.58
43.22
45.79

30.65
37.15
40.76
43.72
46.10

31.88
37.19
41.52
43.80
46.52

32.90
37.50
42.87
43.89
45.92

33.58
37.98
43.46
44.27
46.65

30.81
36.87
42.37
42.61
44.84

33.11
38.79
44.47
44.10
43.26

33.33
38.49
43.84
43.87
44.60

34.35
39.33
44.42
44.93
45.42

34.90
40.26
43.14
43.63
44.30

35.83
40.30
43.12
44.96
43.39

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

46.26
54.26
60.35
61.05
64.67

42.86
50.14
58.06
65.38
63.28

38.28
51.53
58.70
64.11
62.18

43.17
51.00
57.67
65.62
61.16

45.02
51.29
57.70
64.22
62.00

43.64
53.21
59.17
63.05
62.21

47.34
56.07
58.70
59.74
62.50

46.89
54.12
57.75
57.97
62.32

48.72
55.49
62.42
57.45
63.62

48.72
56.45
61.78
58.18
65.51

48.76
56.89
63.56
58.75
68.74

47.80
56.91
63.62
52.27
68.94

51.11
57.72
64.87
61.61
72.41

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

73.52
80.59
87.03
83.23
91.15

73.25
77.79
83.85
90.92
89.23

72.38
78.32
83.03
84.25
87.15

72.14
79.74
83.61
81.20
86.74

73.75
76.54
83.81
79.80
85.70

74.09
79.74
85.22
80.60
88.20

70.06
78.20
85.89
82.22
89.46

71.06
79.12
87.33
82.21
90.01

75.04
80.15
90.87
82.42
93.24

75.68
84.22
92.63
82.41
95.44

75.31
83.54
89.42
82.21
96.30

73.61
83.76
89.65
83.84
94.75

78.41
83.96
90.87
86.53
96.10

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




6

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y«ar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

April

May

Juna

July

August

Saptambur

October

Novumbar

Ducumbur

METAL MIMING - SIC l£~ CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE' WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95. 57
97.27
94.96
102.77
111.19

97.41
96.56
95.59
102.87
112.10

94.55
95.82
95.35
104.04
107.42

93.44
96.00
93.99
103.83
110.72

95.40
95.65
91.78
102.80
113.95

96.98
96.12
89.01
106.19
114.22

95.85
97.58
90.48
107.23
110.51

94.33
98.82
94.49
91.14
111.07

90.97
99.87
94.00
97.91
111.34

99.03
101.60
96.38
98.09
112.56

95.91
97.27
96.89
98.66
110.70

94.76
95.11
99.54
108.78
108.95

98.41
95.83
100.19
110.83
112.19

1961
1962
1963

113.44
117.45

111.24
116.75
116.16

110.29
117.18
117.14

108.95
118.29
118.37

111.52
117.59
117.50

109.62
118.86
117.71

113.82
119.14

114.68
116.88

113.02
115.87

114.68
117.71

117.46
116.44

115.23
116.31

117.88
116.85

1939
1940

.700
.721

•688
.721

•688
.723

•689
.715

•689
.714

.689
.713

•692
.714

.695
.714

.694
.717

.698
.722

.715
.725

.723
.733

.726
.739

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.788
.877
•964
.995
1.029

.738
•836
•930
.981
1.011

.745
.847
.935
.980
1.022

.744
.850
.937
.987
1.029

.772
.857
•950
1.000
1.027

.789
*862
.972
.993
U02S

.790
.871
.970
.997
1.032

.782
.880
.974
.998
1.026

.794
•898
.971
.991
1.035

.807
.895
.983
1.004
1.042

•812
.902
•985
1.003
1.030

•833
.915
.985
1.003
1.035

.839
.920
.980
1.008
1.038

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.148
1.295
1.420
1.489
1.536

1.023
1.214
1.363
1.524
1.503

1.046
1.227
1.362
1.512
1.484

1.058
1.229
1.357
1.512
1.488

1.077
1.227
1.364
1.504
1.494

1.119
1.258
1.376
1.494
1.499

1.166
1.313
1.378
1.475
1.506

1.190
1.301
1.419
1.475
1.520

1.197
1.337
1.445
1.458
1.522

1.206
1.357
1.485
1.473
1.556

1.195
1.345
1.492
1.465
1.573

1.204
1.368
1.497
1.460
1.607

1.217
1.355
1.505
1.481
1.657

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.69
1.84
2.01
2.04
2.16

1.68
1.76
1.95
2.09
2.08

1.66
1.78
1.94
2.03
2.07

1.67
1.80
1.94
2.01
2.08

1.68
1.78
1.94
2.01
2.08

1.68
1.80
1.95
2.02
2.09

1.68
1.84
1.97
2.03
2.12

1.70
1.84
2.05
2.04
2.19

1.69
1.83
2.07
2.02
2.22

1.72
1.88
2.11
2.05
2.23

1.70
1.89
2.07
2.05
2.25

1.70
1.93
2.08
2.06
2.24

1.77
1.93
2.07
2.07
2.24

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.27
2.39
2.46
2.55
2.66

2.26
2.31
2.42
2.54
2.65

2.23
2.32
2.42
2.55
2.62

2.23
2.33
2.41
2.57
2.63

2.25
2.35
2.39
2.57
2.65

2.25
2.35
2.38
2.59
2.65

2.25
2.38
2.40
2.59
2.65

2.23
2.44
2.48
2.56
2.67

2.28
2.43
2.50
2.46
2.67

2.33
2.46
2.51
2.44
2.68

2.30
2.45
2.51
2.43
2.70

2.30
2.42
2.52
2.59
2.69

2.31
2.42
2.53
2.62
2.71

1961
1962
1963

2.74
2.83

2.70
2.82
2.84

2.69
2.81
2.85

2.69
2.83
2.88

2.72
2.82
2.88

2.70
2.83
2.85

2.71
2.83

2.75
2.83

2.73
2.84

2.75
2.85

2.79
2.84

2.79
2.83

2.80
2.85

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1939
1940

40.7
41.2

41.5
41.4

40.8
41.8

40.8
41.7

39.8
41.1

40.6
41.5

40.2
40.6

37.6
38.8

40.5
41.3

40.0
41.4

42.8
42.2

41.6
40.8

41.6
42.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

41.5
43.4
44.1
44.0
43.8

40.8
42.8
43.1
43.7
43.8

41.2
44.0
43.4
44.1
44.8

41.2
43.7
43.5
44.3
44.8

41.3
43.4
43.7
43.8
45.3

41.7
43.5
44.1
44.2
44.8

42.5
43.6
44.8
44.4
45.2

39.4
41*9
43.5
42.7
43.7

41.7
43.2
45.8
44.5
41.8

41.3
43.0
44.6
43.7
42.8

42.3
43.6
45.1
44.8
44.1

41.9
44.0
43.8
43.5
42.8

42.7
43.8
44.0
44.6
41.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.3
41.9
42.5
41.0
42.1

41.9
41.3
42.6
42.9
42.1

36.6
42.0
43.1
42.4
41.9

40.8
41.5
42.5
43.4
41.1

41.8
41.8
42.3
42.7
41.5

39.0
42.3
43.0
42.2
41.5

40.6
42.7
42.6
40.5
41.5

39.4
41.6
40.7
39.3
41.0

40.7
41.5
43.2
39.4
41.8

40.4
41.6
41.6
39.5
42.1

40.8
42.3
42.6
40.1
43.7

39.7
41.6
42.5
35.8
42.9

42.0
42.6
43.1
41.6
43.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.5
43.8
43.3
40.8
42.2

43.6
44.2
43.0
43.5
42.9

43.6
44.0
42.8
41.5
42.1

43.2
44.3
43.1
40.4
41.7

43.9
43.0
43.2
39.7
41.2

44.1
44.3
43.7
39.9
42.2

41.7
42.5
43.6
40.5
42.2

41.8
43.0
42.6
40.3
41.1

44.4
43.8
43.9
40.8
42.0

44.0
44.8
43.9
40.2
42.8

44.3
44.2
43.2
40.1
42.8

43.3
43.4
43.1
40.7
42.3

44.3
43.5
43.9
41.8
42.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.1
40.7
38.6
40.3
41.8

43.1
41.8
39.5
40.5
42.3

42.4
41.3
39.4
40.8
41.0

41.9
41.2
39.0
40.4
42.1

42.4
40.7
38.4
40.0
43.0

43.1
40.9
37.4
41.0
43.1

42.6
41.0
37.7
41.4
41.7

42.3
40.5
38.1
35.6
41.6

39.9
41.1
37.6
39.8
41.7

42.5
41.3
38.4
40.2
42.0

41.7
39.7
38.6
40.6
41.0

41.2
39.3
39.5
42.0
40.5

42.6
39.6
39.6
42.3
41.4

1961
1962
1963

41.4
41.5

41.2
41.4
40.9

41.0
41.7
41.1

40.5
41.8
41.1

41.0
41.7
40.8

40.6
42.0
41.3

42.0
42.1

41.7
41.3

41.4
40.8

41.7
41.3

42.1
41*0

41.3
41.1

42.1
41.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.6
3.4
2.7
2.9

1.5
3.3
5.2
3.8
2.9
3.2

1.2
2.2
3.7
2.5
2.7
2.8

1.2
3.0
4.1
1.9
2.4
2.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.1
2.7
3.4
1.8
5.8
3.0
3.9
2.5
5.3
3.7
4.3
2.5
3.1
2.8
3.9
2.1
4.1
3.4
3.8
2.4
3.6
5.7

2.4
2.7
3.0
2.3
2.4

5.8
3.2
3.0
2.5
2.9

3.7
3.9
2.2
2.7
2.7

2.9
6.4
1.7
2.7
2.9

2.5
2.9
1.8
1.9
2.0




7

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yoar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

April

May

Jun*

July

August

Saptambar

October

November

Dacambar

METAL MINING - SIC 10— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
1.3
.6
1.6
1.4
2.4
2.3
1.8
3.3
1.3
2.4
1.1
2.9
2.1
1.4
1.6

.8
2.0
1.9
1.2
1.3

•8
2.4
1.8
1.3
1.4

.9
2.8
1.5
1.4
1.5

1.3
3.1
1.0
1.3
1.3

•8
1.8
1.0
.8
1.2

5.6
4.0
3.3
2.8
2.4
3.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
3.7
5.4
3.4
3.0
3.0
2.7
3.2
2.7
2.9
3.0
3.9
1.9
2.2
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.6
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.1

3.5
4.2
4.2
2.9
4.9

4.2
5.2
4.8
4.2
6.0

3.4
2.5
3.6
2.9
3.6

2.3
5.1
4.1
4.2
3.8

2.2
3.0
6.6
3.4
5.5

.6
.8
1.3
.6

•8
1.1
2.2
.7
1.0

1.2
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.8

1.6
2.7
2.4
2.0
2.3

1. 0

1.0

1.4
•8
.9
1.1

.7
1.9
.7
.8
.9

•6
1.2
.9
.6
•8

1.2

1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.4
.9
.9
1. 0
.8
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.5
1.4

2.0
•4
•4
1.1
.3
.9

4.3
2.1
.5
1.3
.7
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
3.6
1.5
1.1
.7
.9
.4
.5
.4
.4
.6
1.9
.8
.8
.2
.8
.4
.7
1.3
1.1
.9
.8

1.7
1.1
1.8
.7
2.4

2.2
1.7
1.7
1.2
2.9

2.0
.4
2.1
1.2
1.7

1.1
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.2

1.1
1.1
4.7
2.2
4.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
1.9
2.0
1.2
1.5

•5
1.3
2.3
1.3
1.3
1.7

.4
.9
1.7
.9
1.0
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
3.4
3.8
3.1
3.5

5.7
2.6
3.2
5.1
2.4
3.6

3.0
1.8
3.8
2.4
1.9
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.5
1.5
1.0
1.2

.9
1.1
1.7
.9
.9
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
1.1
1.5
1.4
1.5

4.3
.9

NEW HI,RES
.5
1.6
2.5
.9
1.8
1.7

.6
1.5
2.3
•8
1.3
1.5

1.0

3.3
.7
1.3

IRON ORES - SIC 101
ALL EMPLOYEES -

in thousands

1947
1948
1949
1950

34.3
36.6
33.7
35.5

30.9
34.9
36.2
34.0

31.2
35.0
36.3
33.6

32.2
35.5
36.3
33.9

33.6.
36.5
37.6
33.8

34.4
36.7
37.6
35.4

35.4
37.6
37.9
36.1

35.6
37.8
37.5
36*6

35.8
37.9
37.1
37.0

35.8
37.6
36.6
37.2

35.7
36.8
9.4
36.6

36.1
36.3
28.8
36.1

35.0
36.2
33.1
35.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

37.7
33.5
40.1
35.2
34.2

36.2
37.3
38.9
39.1
30.3

36.5
37.1
38.4
38.2
30.2

36.4
37.1
38.5
37.3
30.5

36.9
38.2
39*2
36.0
32.1

37.7
38.8
40.3
36.4
34.1

38.6
8.0
40.9
35.8
35.0

38.5
6.9
41.2
36.0
36.4

39.1
40.2
41.3
35.1
36.9

38.8
40.1
41.1
34.4
37.1

38.2
39.3
40.7
32.9
36.6

37.8
39.2
40.5
31.4
36.2

37.7
39.2
40.5
29.8
35.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

35.1
39.4
31.8
27.7
33.2

35.1
36.3
35.1
31.4
32.9

35.5
36.2
33.3
31.6
33.2

35.8
36.2
32.3
32.8
33.6

37.8
37.9
28.9
34.3
34*4

37.1
40.2
29.9
35.3
35.4

38.2
41.0
31.5
35.7
35.6

11.3
41.5
31.4
35.7
34.5

37.1
42.5
30.9
11.3
34.3

39.6
42.1
32.7
10.4
33.1

38.9
40.8
32.7
10.4
32.5

37.5
39.7
32.0
31.1
29.5

36.8
38.3
31.1
32.7
29.8

1961
1962
1963

26.9
25.5

28.3
26.2
21.5

26.7
26.0
22.9

27.1
25.7
23.1

26.5
26.3
24.4

27.1
27.5
26.5

27.3
27.5

27.4
26.8

25.7
26.1

27.3
24.4

26.8
23.9

26.9
23.1

25.6
22.4

19.1
20.8

19.8
21.8

20.6
23.4

21.5
24.5

21.6
25.1

21.9
25.4

22.4
25.5

22.7
25.2

21.4
24.6

21.4
23.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

20.8
23.5

18.7
21.0

18.9
20.8

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

27.9
33.3
34.9
31.2
26.2

23.8
29.3
33.9
32.2
26.8

24.5
29.7
34.1
32.3
26.5

25.0
30.8
34.4
32.2
26.8

27.6
32.6
35.6
32.7
27.1

28.4
33.4
36.0
32.8
27.1

28.9
34.2
36.5
32.3
26.5

28.3
34.8
36.4
31.7
26.2

29.6
35.3
35.7
31.5
25.9

29.6
35.6
35.3
31.0
25.4

29.8
35.2
34.8
29.7
25.3

29.7
34.4
33.3
28.6
25.4

29.4
34.0
33.0
27.3
25.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

25.6
31.3
33.2
30.0
31.6

24.6
28.2
31.7
32.5
30.1

19.3
28.4
31.6
32.5
29.9

17.1
29.3
32.2
32.6
30.2

17.7
30.7
33.1
33.9
30.0

21.7
31.4
33.4
33.7
31.5

28.6
32.4
34.2
34.0
32.1

29.4
32.6
34.3
33.6
32.6

30.2
32.8
34.4
33.2
33.1

29.9
32.6
34.2
32.8
33.1

30.1
32.6
33.4
6.1
32.5

29.6
32.9
32.9
25.1
32.3

28.8
31.7
32.8
30.3
32.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

33.5
29.0
35.0
30.2
29.4

32.3
33.0
34.0
33.9
25.5

32.4
32.8
33.6
33.0
25.7

32.3
32.6
33.6
32.1
25.9

32.8
33.8
34.1
31.0
27.3

33.6
34.3
35.1
31.5
29.3

34.4
3.9
35.7
30.7
29.9

34.1
2.9
35.9
31.0
31.5

34.6
35.5
36.0
30.1
31.9

34.5
35.4
35.9
29.4
32.1

33.8
34.7
35.4
28.1
31.6

33.6
34.5
35.3
26.7
31.3

33.4
34.5
35.3
25.0
30.6




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

IRON ORES - SIC 101— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

30.1
34.0
26.8
23.0
28.6

30.2
31.5
29.7
26.6
28.9

30.3
31.3
28.1
26.7
29.1

30.7
31.3
27.1
28.0
29.3

32.8
32.7
23.8
29.4
29.9

32.4
35.2
25.0
30.3
30.9

33.0
35.6
26.4
30.6
30.9

6.3
35.9
26.2
30.5
29.7

32.1
36.6
25.9
6.5
29.6

34.5
36.2
27.9
5.8
28.2

33.8
35.2
27.8
5.9
27.6

32.7
34.1
27.1
27.2
24.4

32.1
32.8
26.3
28.7
24.9

1961
1962
1963

22.3
21.3

23.4
21.7
17.6

21.9
21.6
19.0

22.3
21.3
19.2

21.8
22.0
20.5

22.5
23.2
22.6

22.7
23.2

22*8
22.6

21.1
22.0

22.8
20.4

22.3
19.9

22.4
19.1

21.1
18.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

26.09
28.50

24.73
27.90

25.40
28.08

25.37
27.45

23.45
26.68

25.28
28.31

26.02
27.60

23.63
28.54

26.20
29.10

25.83
29.06

29.75
30.52

28.30
28.46

27.97
29.89

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

33.81
36.74
39.95
41.28
44.01

28.91
34.18
36.53
39.74
39.99

29.29
35.98
37.45
40.44
44.91

29.44
35.42
37.14
41.05
46.42

33.99
36.09
38.80
41.73
45.76

35.76
37.92
40.68
41.82
45.77

36.50
37.93
41.58
42.06
46.41

34.09
36.29
40.41
40.42
43.66

35.79
37.68
43.17
42.33
43.95

34.73
36.04
41.85
41.87
43.78

36.03
37.78
43.18
42.92
45.35

34.75
37.85
38.81
40.69
42.44

34.41
37.43
39.06
40.19
39.55

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

43.42
51.75
57.69
58.23
61.27

39.12
46.02
54.76
62.05
58.04

20.71
48.16
56.19
62.11
58.97

36.70
48.00
55.58
62.60
56.94

42.33
47.40
54.93
61.50
58.97

37.49
51.04
57.46
60.95
58.65

46.93
55.95
56.99
59.62
60.06

47.64
52.63
54.97
56.33
60.82

47.48
54.00
58.50
56.69
60.28

47.95
53.53
59.87
58.46
62.10

47.56
54.36
62.04
53.79
65.66

45.83
54.25
60.45
38.36
63.07

47.40
53.49
60.63
58.21
69.76

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

71.57
79.17
89.67
81.00
91.37

69.31
73.42
81.20
89.38
85.14

70.05
75.24
82.40
84.99
82.94

68.47
77.50
83.01
82.01
82.56

72.33
71.40
83.82
75.75
79.57

74.36
76.88
87.49
76.80
86.98

64.22
49.52
89.40
80.30
87.56

66.52
69.53
94.73
82.78
93.13

74.80
79.92
97.65
81.92
96.76

75.52
84.74
97.41
79.78
98.95

75.75
85.19
91.96
79.28
100.80

72.16
86.90
92.35
77.92
99.42

75.69
81.77
91.54
80.89
98.23

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95.59
102.05
98.81
107.34
114.73

97.36
99.75
97.02
107.25
122.64

94.80
98.16
98.36
108.11
115.49

91.25
98.30
96.21
106.76
115.49

95.12
95.12
93.34
105.45
120.64

99.48
98.43
91.19
113.54
120.51

97.10
101.89
95.50
116.47
111.36

87.96
108.40
102.73
78.88
116.76

81.31
110.54
103.58
94.79
112.68

102.25
113.55
103.66
90. 69
115.37

96.58
105.03
100.11
88.27
109.82

97.07
99.16
102.32
120.56
106.14

101.93
96.29
102.17
120.93
109.15

1961
1962
1963

115.50
122.19

110.19
119.25
118.95

107.74
122.80
116.05

106.03
122.28
116.73

110.26
125.86
117.80

109.66
126.28
120.08

117.91
127.51

119.20
124.43

120.09
119.87

120.77
122.61

122.61
117.87

120.04
119.56

121.27
115.36

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

.735
.746

.719
.744

.730
.739

.731
.740

.735
.741

.737
.745

.735
.746

.736
.753

.736
.748

.738
.745

.740
.748

.737
.751

.742
.749

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.839
•881
.940
.960
1.014

.747
•844
.902
.944
.966

.755
•865
•898
.947
.998

.751
•866
.897
.948
1.027

.852
.876
.935
.966
1.008

.868
•884
•964
.957
1.006

•867
.878
.945
.956
1.009

.848
.883
.953
.974
1.006

.873
.895
.955
•962
1.049

•866
.877
.949
.976
1.040

•864
.891
•966
.971
1.019

.871
.899
.963
.962
1.025

.858
.902
.948
.957
1.022

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.161
1.297
1.407
1.478
1.509

.988
1.180
1.352
1.488
1.473

1.020
1.198
1.354
1.486
1.467

1.102
1.203
1.349
1.487
1.475

1.114
1.197
1.353
1.482
1.478

1.150
1.254
1.368
1.483
1.481

1.188
1.368
1.370
1.472
1.483

1.194
1.346
1*364
1.467
1.498

1.190
1.350
1.413
1.461
1.492

1.214
1.362
1.493
1.499
1.522

1.189
1.349
1.495
1.528
1.527

1.203
1.370
1.478
1.453
1.527

1.203
1.344
1.486
1.459
1.661

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.70
1.82
2.13
2.16
2.29

1.67
1.68
2.01
2.18
2*20

1.66
1.71
2.00
2.13
2.20

1.67
1.73
2.01
2.13
2.19

1.69
1.70
2.01
2.11
2.18

1.69
1.72
2.03
2.11
2.18

1.69
1.69
2.06
2.13
2.20

1.71
1.70
2.25
2.19
2.34

1.70
1.80
2.25
2.15
2.36

1.74
1.90
2.26
2.21
2.39

1.71
1.91
2*20
2.19
2.40

1.71
2.04
2.22
2.22
2.39

1.74
1.98
2.19
2.21
2.39

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.42
2.61
2.76
2.87
2.89

2.41
2.50
2.68
2.86
2.92

2.37
2.53
2.68
2.86
2.88

2.37
2.54
2.68
2.87
2.88

2.39
2.55
2.69
2.85
2.90

2.38
2.55
2.69
2.86
2.89

2.38
2.56
2.69
2.89
2.90

2.45
2.67
2.83
2.90
2.89

2.42
2.67
2.83
2.89
2.86

2.50
2.71
2.84
2.87
2.87

2.47
2.70
2.82
2.82
2.89

2.47
2.68
2.85
2.85
2.90

2.48
2.66
2.87
2.90
2.95

1961
1962
1963

3.00
3.07

2.97
3.13
3.05

2.96
3.07
3.07

2.97
3.08
3.08

2.98
3.10
3.10

2.94
3.08
3.04

2.97
3.08

3.01
3.08

2.98
3.05

2.96
3.05

3.05
3.03

3.07
3.05

3.07
3.06

35.6
38.9

35.0
39.0

40.2
40.8

38.4
37.9

37.7
39*9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1939
1940

35.5
38.2




34.4
37.5

34.8
38.0

34.7
37.1

31.9
36.0

34.3
38.0

35.4
37.0

32.1
37.9

9

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

IRON ORES - SIC 101— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

40.3
41.7
42.5
43.0
43.4

38.7
40.5
40.5
42.1
41.4

38.8
41.6
41.7
42.7
45.0

39.2
40.9
41.4
43.3
45.2

39.9
41.2
41.5
43.2
45.4

41.2
42.9
42.2
43.7
45.5

42.1
43.2
44.0
44.0
46.0

40.2
41.1
42.4
41.5
43.4

41.0
42.1
45.2
44.0
41.9

40.1
41.1
44.1
42.9
42.1

41.7
42.4
44.7
44.2
44.5

39.9
42.1
40.3
42.3
41.4

40.1
41.5
41.2
42.0
38.7

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

37.4
39.9
41.0
39.4
40.6

39.6
39.0
40.5
41.7
39.4

20.3
40.2
41.5
41.8
40.2

33.3
39.9
41.2
42.1
38.6

38.0
39.6
40.6
41.5
39.9

32.6
40.7
42.0
41.1
39.6

39.5
40.9
41.6
40.5
40.5

39.9
39.1
40.3
38.4
40.6

39.9
40.0
41.4
38.8
40.4

39.5
39.3
40.1
39.0
40.8

40.0
40.3
41.5
35.2
43.0

38.1
39.6
40.9
26.4
41.3

39.4
39.8
40.8
39.9
42.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.1
43.5
42.1
37.5
39.9

41.5
43.7
40.4
41.0
38.7

42.2
44.0
41.2
39.9
37.7

41.0
44.8
41.3
38.5
37.7

42.8
42.0
41.7
35.9
36.5

44.0
44.7
43.1
36.4
39.9

38.0
29.3
43.4
37.7
39.8

38.9
40.9
42.1
37.8
39.8

44.0
44.4
43.4
38.1
41.0

43.4
44.6
43.1
36.1
41.4

44.3
44.6
41.8
36.2
42.0

42.2
42.6
41.6
35.1
41.6

43.5
41.3
41.8
36.6
41.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.5
39.1
35.8
37.4
39.7

40.4
39.9
36.2
37.5
42.0

40.0
38.8
36.7
37.8
40.1

38.5
38.7
35.9
37.2
40.1

39.8
37.3
34.7
37.0
41.6

41.8
38.6
33.9
39.7
41.7

40.8
39.8
35.5
40.3
38.4

35.9
40.6
36.3
27.2
40.4

33.6
41.4
36.6
32.8
39.4

40.9
41.9
36.5
31.6
40.2

39.1
38.9
35.5
31.3
38.0

39.3
37.0
35.9
42.3
36.6

41.1
36.2
35.6
41.7
37.0

1961
1962
1963

38.5
39.8

37.1
38.1
39.0

36.4
40.0
37.8

35.7
39.7
37.9

37.0
40.6
38.0

37.3
41.0
39.5

39.7
41.4

39.6
40.4

40.3
39.3

40.8
40.2

40.2
38.9

39.1
39.2

39.5
37.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
(114.2
2.3
3.2
2.4

2.3
4.8
4.1
6.9
3.6
3.6

1.5
3.4
2.2
3.8
1.7
4.6

.4
5.0
2.1
2.3
1.7
3.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
5.0
4.0
1.6
8.9
3.8
3.4
(2)
6.0
2.7
2.3
1.0
4.6
3.1
3.6
1.7
5.7
2.4
3.5
2.1
5.2
12.2

3.0
(2)
1.2
2.0
1.8

10.2
(2)
2.1
1.6
2.2

2.8
(2)
.9
2.2
1.0

1.3
(2)
1.0
3.3
2.4

3.1
2.8
1.9
3.0
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•2
(1)1.3
.6
.2
.4

.1
1.4
.5
•2
.2
.1

•1
.7
•6
.1
.2
.6

(3)
2.2
.3
.2
.2
.5

NEW HIRES
.1
2.1
1.4
.2
1.0
.8

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.1
.1
1.8
1.7
(2)
.7
1.6
1.0
.7
•2
.3
1.0
.3
1.1
•6

•3
(2)
.5
•2
.3

.2
(2)
.5
.2
•2

.4
(2)
.1
.2
.3

.1
(2)
.1
.1
.1

•1
1.2
.3
.2
•1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.4
(1)3.7
4.6
3.5
4.2

8.0
2.6
2.3
5.6
1.8
3.5

4.3
1.5
1.5
2.0
1.0
2.8

7.4
3.1
.9
3.4
1.4
2.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
6.7
5.3
1.1
3.9
1.8
3.4
(2)
1.7
2.1
5.4
2.1
2.8
2.2
1.2
1.1
1.5
2.3
4.1
3.7
2.8
1.7

2.1
(2)
5.0
1.9
5.4

4.9
(2)
5.3
4.3
6.5

5.5
(2)
5.9
3.8
5.6

3.6
(2)
7.6
8.0
5.4

7.8
2.6
14.8
5.3
11.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•2
(1) .6
.4
.2
.3

•1
•2
.2
•1
•2
•2

•1
.2
•3
•1
.1
.2

.2
.6
.3
.1
.2
.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
(3)
.1
.2
.1
.5
•8
.5
(2)
.6
.3
•4
.3
.2
.3
.3
.2
•3
•3
.4
•3
•4
.4

•2
(2)
.6
.3
.4

.4
(2)
1.1
.6
.9

.2
(2)
.2
.2
•3

.2
(2)
•2
.1
.1

.1
.4
.2
•2
.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
(1)1.7
3.5
2.7
3.3

7.3
1.4
1.6
4.8
•8
2.4

3.9
•3
•6
1.4
.4
1.7

6.8
1.3
.1
2.7
.7
1.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
6.0
•4
5.0
.5
(2)
1.3
•1
.5
4.6
.8
1.2
•6
1.5
1.9
.1
2.6
.5
1.4
3.1
1.8
.6

1.4
(2)
3.9
1.2
4.6

4.1
(2)
3.6
2.9
4.8

4.9
(2)
5.3
3.1
4.6

2.8
(2)
7.0
7.1
4.8

2.2
1.5
13.1
4.6
10.7

27.6
28.4
27.1
25.8

27.7
28.2
28.1
25.7

27.5
27.6
25.0
25.8

27.3
27.8
24.9
25.6

27.2
27.7
24.9
25.5

27.5
24.1
24.8
25.7

28.2
24.6
25.4
26.2

COPPER ORES - SIC 102
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950
(1)
(2)
m

27.5
27.3
25.9
25.8

27.2
28.4
24.1
25.7

7-MONTH AVERAGE.
NOT AVAILABLE,
LESS THAN 0.05.




27.6
28.0
27.8
25.8

27.0
27.6
27.1
25.7

27.3
27.9
26.4
25.7

27.5
27.7
25.2
26.0

10

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

COPPER ORES - SIC 102— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

25.9
26.5
28.6
27.9
28.9

26.4
26.3
28.1
29.3
29.7

26.3
26.4
28.4
29.1
30.2

26.1
26.6
28.6
29.0
30.4

25.9
26.7
28.4
27.6
30.5

25.6
26.5
28.1
27.7
29.2

25.9
26.9
28.7
28.8
29.7

26.1
25.7
28.5
28.9
19.1

25.9
27.1
28.5
29.1
21.9

25.1
25.2
28.6
23.3
31.1

25.2
25.2
28.7
25.7
31.4

25.7
27.3
29.2
28.0
31.7

26.1
27.8
29.4
28.8
32.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

33.3
32.3
27.7
23.3
28.3

32.7
33.6
29.3
29.1
16.6

32.8
33.6
28.6
29.2
24.9

32.9
33.8
28.1
28.0
28.5

32.9
33.3
27.3
29.2
29.5

33.0
32.8
27.4
29.3
29.4

33.4
33.2
27.4
29.7
30.0

33.5
33.1
26.4
29.5
29.2

33.6
32.5
26.8
27.9
30.0

33.8
31.7
27.5
1,2.8
30.2

33.6
30.0
26.6
12.2
30.3

33.7
30.0
28.5
11.5
30.4

33.7
29.7
29.0
11.6
30.4

1961
1962
1963

29.0
28.5

30.1
28.4
28.0

28.4
28.8
28.0

28.3
28.7
28.0

28«(4
28.8
28.5

29.1
28.8
27.9

29.6
29.1

29.4
28.8

29.7
28.8

29.6
27.9

28.1
27.7

29.1
27.8

28.5
28.0

1939
1940

25.1
29.5

25.3
28.3

23.9
28.5

23.7
28.7

24.3
28.9

24.3
29.3

24.0
29.1

23.5
29.3

23.2
28.9

25.4
30.2

26.6
30.5

28.2
30.7

28.5
31.1

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

32.9
34.1
33.4
27.5
21.8

31.2
34.6
35.5
32.6
23.7

31.9
34.9
35.4
31.9
23.6

32.5
35.3
35.0
31.2
23.5

33.0
34.4
34.1
30.1
23.0

33.0
34.5
33.3
29.2
22.8

33.0
34.0
32.9
28.4
22.2

33.3
33.4
31.8
26.8
21.5

33.5
32.7
30.9
25.3
20.6

32.8
32.0
33.4
23.9
20.0

33.4
32.3
32.9
23.7
20.0

33.3
35.2
32.6
23.6
20.2

34.1
35.5
32.8
23.6
20.9

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

20.6
24.7
24.7
23.2
22.9

21.8
24.3
25.7
21.7
23.0

19.0
24.7
25.8
24.4
23.0

19.0
24.7
25.6
25.5
23.0

16.3
24.6
25.4
25.1
23.0

16.6
24.3
24.9
24.5
22.9

15.7
24.5
25.1
23.6
22.8

21.7
24.7
25.0
22.4
22.9

22.5
24.8
24.8
22.1
22.8

22.8
24.6
25.1
22.1
22.7

23.1
24.6
25.0
22.1
22.4

24.0
24.9
21.6
22.1
22.7

24.8
25.5
22.0
22.6
23.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

22.7
23.0
24.6
23.9
24.5

23.2
23.1
24.3
25.2
25.6

23.2
23.1
24.4
25.0
25.9

23.0
23.3
24.6
24.9
26.2

22*7
23.3
24.4
23.4
26.1

22.4
23.1
24.3
23.7
24.8

22.7
23.4
24;7
24.8
25.3

22.8
22il
24.6
24.9
14.5

22.6
23.4
24.5
24.9
17.1

21.9
21.5
24.6
19.3
26.7

22.0
21.5
24.7
21.6
26.9

22.5
23.6
25.1
23.8
27.2

22.9
24.0
25.3
24.7
27.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

28.4
27.1
22.7
18.5
22.6

28.1
28.6
24.3
24.0
12.2

28.1
28.6
23.5
24.1
19.5

28.2
28.6
23.1
22.9
22.9

28.1
28.1
22.1
24.0
23.8

28.0
27.7
22.2
24.0
23.7

28.4
28.0
22.2
24.3
24.0

28.5
27.6
21.4
24.0
23.4

28.6
27.1
21.8
22.8
23.9

28.7
26.4
22.4
8.6
24.3

28.5
24.7
21.7
8.1
24.4

28.8
24.9
23.5
7.2
24.6

28.6
24.8
24.0
7.4
24.7

1961
1962
1963

23.8
23.4

24.5
23.3
22.9

23.1
23.8
22.9

23.2
23.8
22.9

23.2
23.8
23.4

24.0
23.7
22.9

24.5
23.9

24.2
23.6

24.3
23.5

24.3
22.6

22.9
22.6

23.9
22.8

23.4
23.0

PRODUCTION1 WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

28.20
30.05

28.25
31.28

27.65
31.26

27.69
30.30

27.92
29.72

27.88
29.64

27.19
28.57

24.31
27.49

27.06
29.06

27.58
29.60

30.27
30.46

30.35
30.61

31.19
32.21

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

33.13
40.53
45.85
45.84
46.24

31.01
38.61
43.20
45.67
46.94

31.32
39.80
43.88
45.92
46.68

31.22
39.36
44.31
45.85
46.39

31.29
39.45
45.05
44.97
48.02

32.12
39.04
46.52
45.65
47.19

32.77
40.04
47.16
45.76
48.33

29.55
39.51
46.19
44.53
46.77

32.63
41.40
47.02
45.15
41.62

35.05
41.95
46.64
45.54
45.23

34.82
41.31
46.61
46.75
45.81

36.31
43.34
46.96
45.97
45.47

38.65
42.83
46.79
49.20
45.89

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

49.02
58.88
65.27
63.39
71.25

44.67
55.00
62.83
71.56
71.39

45.40
55.55
63.42
66.92
67.83

45.19
55.16
62.01
70.33
67.92

43.63
55.31
61.92
70.77
67.49

47.43
57.46
62.70
66.74
68.76

48.58
59.78
62.20
58.52
68.90

50.04
58.76
65.66
58.93
67.31

51.74
60.89
69.04
55.75
70.98

50.71
62.37
66.39
57.78
71.91

51.15
61.78
67.86
58.71
75.06

50.30
61.20
70.07
59.18
78.18

55.02
62.69
71.14
63.68
79.16

1951
1952
19 53
1954
1955

77.52
85.01
90.94
86.63
95.00

81.43
85.14
91.96
98.59
95.12

78.19
83.88
87.48
87.84
90.90

77.72
84.17
87.29
82.57
91.64

76.42
81.72
87.86
83.58
91.60

75.47
82.90
88.32
83.58
93.60

74.98
82.53
87.17
86.66
96.28

74.87
83.54
85.55
82.41
93.74

76.73
82.25
92.66
83.53
97.01

78.52
90.53
96.76
86.83
98.56

77.85
88.07
94.60
86.28
97.02

77.36
85.00
95.00
89.52
95.69

83.42
89.68
97.31
90.37
97.90

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

99.23
96.88
94.17
105.90
116.77

101.68
98.70
97.41
105.72
112.27

98.57
97.38
94.87
108.25
105.92

98.12
97.98
94.47
110.19
116.36

98.57
98.87
92.59
108.18
116.62

98.79
98.21
87.32
107.68
117.78

99.24
96.00
84.94
106.25
117.52

99.39
97.20
88.77
101.93
115.01

99.62
96.39
87.12
98.95
119.52

102.80
92.83
93.75
99.19
119.62

100.30
91.48
98.58
108.24
119.07

95.99
95.51
104.73
104.78
118.26

99.64
97.82
102.41
109.92
120.06

1961
1962
1963

119.03
120.70

117.21
123.88
121.12

117.75
122.24
121.69

116.68
124.52
125.71

117.82
119.84
124.12

113.05
120.40
122.55

117.72
121.24

117.00
117.46

116.47
117.99

118.83
120.98

125.77
119.14

123.04
120.13

126.00
121.41




11

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Avuragn

Yuor

January

February

April

March

May

JuiM

July

August

Snptumbur

October

Novumbur

Ducumbur

COPPER ORES - SIC 102— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

•665
.712

•651
.719

.649
.722

•650
.708

.657
.701

.653
.704

.652
.702

.638
.703

.649
.702

.643
.703

•691
.715

.709
.727

.717
.732

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.774
.885
.986
1.003
1.023

.733
.843
.937
.995
1.034

.737
•856
.956
.996
1.026

.738
•852
.957
.999
1.015

.745
.854
.971
1.006
1.026

.754
•858
•992
1.001
1^028

.755
•880
1.012
1.008
1.046

.752
•902
1.013
1.003
1.028

.766
.916
.994
•988
.998

.802
.916
1.014
1.003
1.021

.795
.906
.996
.999
1.009

•831
.924
.997
1.017
1.015

.857
.921
1.004
1.025
1.022

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.132
1.297
1.425
1.481
1.566

1.013
1.225
1.360
1.539
1.552

1.018
1.229
1.358
1.514
1.514

1.020
1.223
1.357
1.506
1.516

1.010
1.229
1.355
1.509
1.520

1.098
1.260
1.363
1.483
1.528

1.154
1.294
1.367
1.452
1.538

1.200
1.283
1.459
1.466
1.551

1.206
1.353
1.488
1.448
1.560

1.196
1.389
1.502
1.448
1.570

1.195
1.346
1.485
1.439
1.597

1.192
1.366
1.520
1.454
1.674

1.204
1.357
1.520
1.481
1.656

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.66
1.84
1.9^
2.01
2.13

1.70
1.80
1.94
2.08
2.05

1.66
1.80
1.91
2.01
2.02

1.65
1.81
1.91
1.98
2.05

1.64
1.80
1.91
1.99
2.04

1.63
1.81
1.92
1.99
2.08

1.63
1.83
1.92
2.02
2.13

1.66
1.84
1.94
2.01
2.16

1.65
1.84
1.98
1.97
2.22

1.66
1.89
2.05
2.01
2.20

1.66
1.89
2.00
2.03
2.20

1.66
1.86
2.03
2.03
2.21

1.76
1.90
2.04
2.04
2.21

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.25
2.34
2.39
2.48
2.63

2.22
2.29
2.37
2.47
2.54

2.21
2.27
2.36
2.50
2.54

2.21
2.30
2.35
2.51
2.58

2.22
2.31
2.35
2.51
2.58

2.21
2.30
2.31
2.51
2.60

2.23
2.35
2.34
2.50
2.60

2.29
2.40
2.38
2.48
2.65

2.29
2.38
2.42
2.48
2.65

2.31
2.35
2.41
2.39
2.67

2.29
2.37
2.44
2.40
2.70

2.28
2.37
2.47
2.36
2.70

2.28
2.38
2.45
2.40
2.68

1961
1962
1963

2.73
2.82

2.67
2.79
2.83

2.67
2.81
2.83

2.67
2.83
2.87

2.69
2.80
2.86

2.66
2.80
2.85

2.70
2.80

2.74
2.81

2.76
2.85

2.77
2.86

2.82
2.83

2.79
2.82

2.80
2.83

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1939
1940

42.4
42.2

43.4
43.5

42.6
43.3

42.6
42.8

42.5
42.4

42.7
42.1

41.7
40.7

38.1
39.1

41*7
41.4

42.9
42.1

43.8
42.6

42.8
42.1

43.5
44.0

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

42.8
45.8
46.5
45.7
45.2

42.3
45.8
46.1
45.9
45.4

42.5
46.5
45.9
46.1
45.5

42.3
46.2
46.3
45.9
45.7

42.0
46.2
46.4
44.7
46.8

42.6
45.5
46.9
45.6
45.9

43.4
45.5
46.6
45.4
46.2

39.3
43.8
45.6
44.4
45.5

42.6
45.2
47.3
45.7
41.7

43.7
45.8
46.0
45.4
44.3

43.8
45.6
46.8
46.8
45.4

43.7
46.9
47.1
45.2
44.8

45.1
46.5
46.6
48.0
44.9

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

43.3
45.4
45.8
42.8
45.5

44.1
44.9
46.2
46.5
46.0

44.6
45.2
46.7
44.2
44.8

44.3
45.1
45.7
46.7
44.8

43.2
45.0
45.7
46.9
44.4

43.2
45.6
46.0
45.0
45.0

42.1
46.2
45.5
40.3
44.8

41.7
45.8
45.0
40.2
43.4

42.9
45.0
46.4
38.5
45.5

42.4
44.9
44.2
39.9
45.8

42.8
45.9
45.7
40.8
47.0

42.2
44.8
46.1
40.7
46.7

45.7
46.2
46.8
43.0
47.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

46.7
46.2
46.4
43.1
44.6

47.9
47.3
47.4
47.4
46.4

47.1
46.6
45.8
43.7
45.0

47.1
46.5
45.7
41.7
44.7

46.6
45.4
46.0
42.0
44.9

46.3
45.8
46.0
42.0
45.0

46.0
45.1
45.4
42.9
45.2

45.1
45.4
44.1
41.0
43.4

46.5
44.7
46.8
42.4
43.7

47.3
47.9
47.2
43.2
44.8

46.9
46.6
47.3
42.5
44.1

46.6
45.7
46.8
44.1
43.3

47.4
47.2
47.7
44.3
44.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

44.1
41.4
39.4
42.7
44.4

45.8
43.1
41.1
42.8
44.2

44.6
42.9
40.2
43.3
41.7

44.4
42.6
40.2
43.9
45.1

44.4
42.8
39.4
43.1
45.2

44.7
42.7
37.8
42.9
45.3

44.5
41.7
36.3
42.5
45.2

43.4
40.5
37.3
41.1
43.4

43.5
40.5
36.0
39.9
45.1

44.5
39.5
38.9
41.5
44.8

43.8
38.6
40.4
45.1
44.1

42.1
40.3
42.4
44.4
43.8

43.7
41.1
41.8
45.8
44.8

1961
1962
1963

43.6
42.8

43.9
44.4
42.8

44.1
43.5
43.0

43.7
44.0
43.8

43.8
42.8
43.4

42.5
43.0
43.0

43.6
43.3

42.7
41.8

42.2
41.4

42.9
42.3

44.6
42.1

44.1
42.6

45.0
42.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
11)2.2
t3)3.6
1.9
2.3

.7
2.0
C2)
1.1
1.6
2.6

1.1
1.5
(2)
1.5
3.0
1.4

1.8
1.7
4.7
1.6
1.7
1.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
3.0
1.9
2.6
5.7
2.9
2.5
2.8
4.9
3.9
2.4
2.7
3.5
2.3
2.7
2.2
1.5
2.1
2.2
3.4
1.5
2.1

2.1
(2)
3.7
2.0
1.8

4.7
(2)
3.5
2.2
2.0

4.2
C2)
2.0
1.9
3.0

5.1
C2)
1.4
1.4
2.9

1.9
(2)
.8
•8
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
11)1.2
(3)1.6
•8
1.1

.3
1.0
(2)
.4
•6
1.5

.8
•8
(2)
.3
.6
.9

1.1
.9
1.7
.4

1.1
(2)
1.7

1.6
(2)
1.9

1.0

1.0

.8

2.8
(2)
.7
.8
.9

.9
(2)
.4
.6

.9

1.2
(2)
1.1
1.1
1.2

Cl)
12)
(3)

7-MONTH AVERAGE.
NOT AVAILABLE.
10-MONTH AVERAGE.




1.0

.9

NEW HIRES
.7
1.0
2.1
.5
1.1
1.1

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.8
1.5
1.4
2.3
1.2
1.9
.9
•8
2.4
1.0
1.2
•8

1 .0

12

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

COPPER ORES - SIC 102— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
(1)2.5
(3)2.5
2.4
2.4

5.6
2.1
(2)
6.0
2.0
2.0

2.5
1.6
(2)
2.4
1.8
1.0

6.8
5.8
3.8
2.3
1.8
1.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
2.5
3.0
3.3
1.7
1.8
3.2
2.2
1.8
1.8
2.0
2.1
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.8
2.1
1.8
1.9
2.4
1.8
2.7

2.9
(2)
2.7
2.6
3.6

2.6
(2)
3.2
3.0
6.0

2.4
(2)
1.9
2.3
1.8

1.7
(2)
1.6
1.8
2.0

1.5
(2)
2.1
2.2
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
(1)1.2
(3)1.4
.9
1.0

.7
1.2
(2)
.7
.8
.8

•6
.9
(2)
.4
.9
.5

•6
1.0
2.4
.7
.7
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
1.5
1.4
1.7
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.3
.9
*9
1.1
1.2
.5
.9
.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
.9
1.0

1.7
(2)
1.6
1.4
1.4

1.8
(2)
2.2
2.0
1.9

1.6
(2)
•8
1.0
1.0

1.0
(2)
.6
.9
.8

•8
(2)
.7
.4
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
(1) .7
(3).4
.9
•8

4.5
.3
(2)
4.7
•6
.5

1.4
.4
(2)
1.3
.3
.1

5.7
4.3
.8
.9
.3
.3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
1.0
1.0
.4
1.0
.1
•1
.1
•2
.3
.2
.1
.6
.3
.2
.2
.6
•2
.1
.2
.8
.2

•6
(2)
.5
.4
1.6

.3
(2)
.4
•4
3.4

.3
(2)
.4
.5
.3

•1
(2)
.4
.3
.8

•1
(2)
•8
1.5
1.1

235.8
209.3
205.4
168.3
160.7
147.3

228.4
204.5
202.4
162.1
156.8
141.7

202.4
170.9
180.4
160.1
149.1

205.6
175.1
176.6
162.0
150.1

208.6
187.5
179.8
162.9
151.5

210.7
199.7
175.6
163.9
150.0

212.7
212.4
171.9
163.1
147.9

COAL MINING - SIC 11,12
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

215.1
198.2
186.1
161.3
151.7

242.6
212.8
207.0
169.0
161.4
148.1

218.1
197*5
196.0
158*5
153.5
142.8

211.4
202.8
191.0
158.4
152.3
141.5

209.1
204.5
186.9
159.0
149.9

195.9
201.2
160.4
148.5
137.0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
2.6
2.5

3.1
2.7
2.6
2.4

3.1
2.7
2.5
2.4

3.2
2.7
2.4
2.4

3.2
2.7
2.5
2.4

3.1
2.6
2.5
2.4

3.1
2.7
2.3

3.0

3.0
2.6
2.6

3.0
2.6
2.4

2.5
2.1

2.9
2.7
2.5

2.8
2.6
2.6

2.8
2.6
2.5

PRODUCTION1 WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

195.0
177.0
164.6
141.8
133.4

221.8
192.0
186.2
148.7
142.5
130.6

215.4
188.2
184.0
148.4
141.9
129.8

208.2
183.3
180.4
141.6
138.1
124.7

198.0
175.9
174.6
139.1
134.9
125.8

191.8
181.9
169.6
139.0
133.5
124.0

189.5
183.3
165.4
139.8
131.1

175.6
177.0
138.4
128.7
120.1

182.2
149.9
159.0
140.6
131.2

185.4
154.1
154.7
142.9
131.7

188.5
166.8
158.4
143.9
133.5

190.7
179.1
154.7
144.8
132.1

192.4
192.0
150.2
143.9
130.3

100.28
111.55
107.84
116.42
113.28

100.16
109.51
103.12
116.18
110.77

109.50
120.33
107.14
116.87
119.11

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

95.70
109.03
110.41
110.62
113.09

97.49
108.78
116.44
110.00
116.63
120.43

94.28
106.96
110. It
107.18
116.18
121.29

2.90
1958
1959
3.08
3.11
1960
1961
3.09
1962 (4)3.09
1963

2.91
3.03
3.13
3.09
3.11
3.08

2.91
3.03
3.12
3.08
3.09
3.11

89.63
105.79
116.94
96.69
116.56
113.77

83.52
107.57
111.07
100.70
115.07
117.73

86.98
110.18
110.21
106.22
107.45
122.14

99.76
115.81
114.35
113.83
114.58

91.01
96.86
111.91
117.87
101.04

97.92
106.98
108.54
112.79
112.42

99.13
104.10
105.06
113.15
112.53

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.91
3.04
3.11
3.05
3.10
3.10

2.90
3.10
3.12
3.07
3.11
3.09

2.88
3.13
3.14
3.07
3.07
3.10

2.90
3.13
3.15
3.11
3.08

2.88
2.90
3.10
3.11
(2)

2.88
3.11
3.11
3.09
3.08

2.89
3.08
3.09
3.10
3.10

2.89
3.09
3.09
3.08
3.07

2.92
3.12
3.06
3.09
3.06

2.92
3.15
3.07
3.10
3.11

34.0
34.4
34.9
36.5
36.5

34.3
33.8
34.0
36.5
36.3

34.7
36.1
34.9
37.8
36.9

34.3
35.1
33.7
37.6
36.2

37.5
38.2
34.9
37.7
38.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
Cl)
(2)
(3)
(4)

33.0
35.4
35.5
35.8
(4)36.6

33.5
35.9
37.2
35.6
37.5
39.1

7-MONTH AVERAGE.
NOT AVAILABLE.
10—MONTH AVERAGE.
11-MONTH AVERAGE*




32.4
35.3
35.3
34.8
37.6
39.0

30.8
34.8
37.6
31.7
37.6
36.7

28.8
34.7
35.6
32.8
37.0
38.1

30.2
35.2
35.1
34.6
35.0
39.4

34.4
37.0
36.3
36.6
37.2

31.6
33.4
36.1
37.9
(2)

13

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

COAL MINING - SIC 11,12— CONTINUED
1.3
2.2
1.6
2.2
1.7

.7
1.4
1.7
2.0
1.9
2.2

•6
1.3
1.2
1.7
1.5
2.2

.9
1.6
1.2
1.5
1.7
2.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.3
1.8
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.4
1.2
2.5
1.7
3.6
1.3
1.6
1.9
1.5
1.2
2.2
2.1

1.2
1.8
5.2
3.4
2.5

3.1
1.9
1.2
3.0
2.5

2.5
1.9
1.2
2.3
1.7

1.8
7.5
1.4
2.0
1.5

1.0
3.5
1.2
1.0
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.3
.5
.5
.6
.5

•3
.3
.5
.9
•6
•6

.2
.2
.4
.4
.5
.9

.2
.4
.4
.4
.4
.8

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
•2
•2
•3
.4
.4
.3
.3
.4
.4
.5
.5
.4
.6
•4
.7
.4
.5
.4
.5
.8
.8

•3
.5
.6
.t
.7

.3
•6
.5
.9
.7

.4
.7
.4
.9
.8

.3
.8
.5
.9
•6

.4
.5
.4
•4
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
3.6
3.8
2.7
2.8

4.3
3.4
1.8
2.2
2.1
2.1

4.3
3.4
1.4
3.1
2.1
2.0

5.1
3.3
1.9
3.4
1.8
2.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
3.8
2.8
1.9
2.9
2.5
2.7
5.1
3.6
4.1
3.2
9.7
2.6
1.6
3.2
5.7
1.8
3.5
4.6
5.3
2.8
2.2

1.9
12.4
3.9
1.7
2.3

1.2
2.1
3.4
1.8
2.1

1.0
1.8
5.1
2.5
2.6

1.0
2.4
2.8
1.6
3.2

.8
1.5
4.7
2.5
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.3
•3
•3
.4
.4

.2
.2
.3
.1
.4
.3

.3
•2
.3
.3
.3
.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
.3
.4

•3
.3
.4
.5
•4

•3
.5
.4
.4
.5

.4
.5
.4
•6
.5

.4
.5
.3
.5
.5

.2
.4
.3
.4
.3

.3
.3
.2
.3
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.0
3.0
1.9
1.9

3.9
2.9
1.1
1.5
1.4
1.4

3.9
2.8
.7
2.4
1.4
1.3

4.7
2.6
1.3
2.6
.8
1.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.2
2.3
1.4
3.7
2.4
1.8
2.2
4.4
2.5
2.9
3.4
8.5
1 .0
2.0
2.4
4.7
2.6
1.0
3.8
4.3
1.8
1.4

1.3
11.6
3.0
.9
1.4

.7
1.1
2.5
.7
1.0

.4
1.0
4.4
1.5
1.7

.5
1.7
2.2
.8
2.2

.4
1.0
4.0
1.8
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•3
.3
•2
.3
•3
•2
•4
.3
.3
•3
.3
.3
•4
•3
.3
.5
.4

^ in 4- si- «$
■

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

BITUMINOUS - SIC 12
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

388.3
435.0

441.0
457.2

439.8
457.8

432.5
446.6

139.8
420.2

241.0
411.9

378.8
405.2

383.5
414.5

396.2
427.0

420.4
435.9

458.5
444.3

468.9
449.1

459.2
450.0

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

431.4
474.7
437.2
419.2
383.7

452.6
483.8
461.2
431.5
401.2

453.0
481.9
456.8
433.0
400.3

455.6
478.4
451.6
429.7
397.7

134.7
476.9
440.2
424.5
362.0

431.3
473.5
429.3
421.1
392.6

432.4
474.2
430.6
422.9
394.2

446.9
475.6
430.5
418.3
385.1

460.2
475.1
428.9
418.8
385.2

470.8
472.8
430.3
413.8
387.9

478.5
471.3
430.0
407.6
314.4

480.4
467.6
425.4
405.5
389.0

480.7
465.3
431.5
403.4
394.7

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

372.7
425.6
436.1
393.3
367.9

399.0
428.7
447.8
445.9
341.6

402.4
428.7
441.3
443.1
85.8

403.5
426.2
448.2
435.9
413.6

88.0
400.6
334.1
433.9
408.8

297.9
421.1
446.7
425.8
402.7

404.0
426.6
450.8
418.4
400.5

411.8
397.4
418.8
397.6
373.2

417.2
427.9
450.5
411.4
398.8

415.8
430.4
451.0
407.6
398.4

414.3
435.1
447.4
96.5
397.7

413.7
438.7
447.1
393.3
396.6

404.6
445.6
449.5
409.9
397.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

372.0
327.8
288.9
228.5
218.7

395.9
361.8
317.3
268.9
215.3

395.9
360.3
309.6
261.0
215.2

390.4
357.5
302.3
246.3
214.1

372.4
350.9
294.9
228.6
211.4

370.3
342.8
287.0
222.5
216.0

372.4
294.2
286.8
223.9
220.0

354.1
267.2
278.9
211.7
218.5

363.9
321.7
280.8
217.7
218.5

360.1
325.4
281.6
215.5
220.8

361.8
317.9
275.4
214.4
222.6

363.0
316.4
278.0
215.9
225.1

363.3
317.5
274.1
216.1
227.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

228.6
229.8
193.0
178.5
168.5

228.3
236.0
218.0
190.7
186.2

230.6
236.4
210.4
188.5
184.5

229.7
233.0
203.9
185.9
183.2

229.1
231.6
196.9
180.2
177.8

229.5
231.0
190.1
185.2
174.2

231.7
233.7
188.1
186.0
170.6

186.7
223.1
174.6
179.6
145.4

232.4
229.1
182.4
152.2
164.6

235.9
227.9
185.0
155.8
159.2

236.4
227.4
187.0
167.1
162.0

236.0
224.9
188.8
178.9
158.6

237.0
222.9
190.6
191.5
155.8

1961
1962
1963

147.1
139.8

152.7
149.0
136.6

152.2
148.6
135.8

148.0
144.7
130.5

143.2
141.7
131.9

144.2
140.1
130.5

144.7
138.4

134.5
124.7

146.1
137.7

148.0
138.8

149.8
139.8

150.9
138.1

150.4
136.2

1909
1914

5 2 2 .9
5 6 1 .9

1923
1924
1925

657I2
5 7 7 l7
5 4 8 .7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




M O N TH LY D A T A N O T A V A IL A B L E

14

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

BITUMINOUS -

January
S IC

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1 2 — CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS -

IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

553.5
553.8
486.9
469.0
450.6

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

416.9
357.7
374.0
432.2
445.5

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

459.8
471.0
414.8
379.8
425.4

431.3
447.1

430.1
447.7

423.0
436.8

136.7
411.0

235.7
402.8

370.5
396.3

375.1
405.4

387.5
417.6

411.2
426.3

448.4
434.5

458.6
439.2

449.1
440.1

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

421.9
464.3
427.6
410.0
374.5

442.6
473.2
451.1
422.0
392.4

443.0
471.3
446.8
423.5
391.5

445.6
467.9
441.7
420.2
389.0

131.9
466.4
430.5
415.2
350.4

421.8
463.1
419.9
411.8
384.0

422.9
463.8
421.1
413.6
385.5

437.1
465.1
421.0
409.1
376.6

450.1
464.6
419.5
409.6
376.7

460.4
462.4
420.8
404.7
379.4

468. 0
460.9
420.5
398.6
302.8

469.8
457.3
416.0
396.6
379.7

470.1
455.1
422.0
394.5
386.0

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

362.8
411.0
420.0
376.1
351.4

390.2
414.1
432.6
429.0
323.8

393.5
414.1
425.9
426.3
64.8

394.6
412.1
432.1
419.3
397.9

69.6
384.6
317.4
417.0
392.9

288.1
407.2
431.5
408.8
386.6

395.1
412.1
434.6
401.2
384.1

402.7
382.7
400.8
379.7
357.2

408.0
412.9
434.7
395.8
382.8

406.7
416.6
434.8
390.9
382.1

405.2
420.7
431.3
76.0
382.2

404.6
424.2
431.0
376.0
380.7

395.7
430.9
433.3
392.7
382.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

355.8
311.2
273.6
213.6
204.9

379.3
346.2
301.1
254.6
201.1

379.3
344.1
293.8
246.4
201.6

374.8
341.4
287.2
231.0
200.6

356.4
334.4
279.3
213.5
197.7

354.4
325.0
271.5
207.8
202.6

355.6
278.3
271.6
208.5
206.1

337.1
248.2
263.6
195.2
204.3

347.5
305.6
265.4
203.1
204.1

343.5
308.8
266.7
200.8
207.1

345.9
301.4
259.7
199.8
208.8

347.8
299.9
263.3
201.0
211.8

347.7
301.3
259.6
201.2
212.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

213.4
212.9
175.1
159.4
149.2

214.4
220.7
199.6
172.1
167.4

215.8
220.6
192.5
169.5
165.2

214.1
216.7
186.0
166.8
163.7

213.3
215.4
179.0
160.7
158.6

213.7
214.4
172.8
166.3
155.0

215.9
216.2
170.8
166.9
151.3

170.6
205.7
156.6
157.4
125.6

218.0
211.5
164.5
133.4
145.3

221.0
210.6
167.0
137.0
139.4

221.3
210.1
169.1
148.6
142.7

220.9
206.9
170.9
160.4
139.8

221.8
205.7
172.5
173.2
135.9

1961
1962
1963

129.3
123.0

134.2
131.7
120.5

134.1
131.3
119.7

129.7
127.6
114.9

125.6
124.6
116.1

126.6
122.8
114.3

127.3
121.0

116.4
109.2

128.3
121.2

130.5
121.8

132.3
123.1

133.4
121.6

132.7
120.0

1909
1914
1919
1923
1924
1925

11.70
12.11
25.84
25.41
23.42
26.24

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

28.42
24.18
24.46
25.11
22.04

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

17.59
13.58
14.21
17.45
18.86

14.43
13.03
17.10
18.60

15.22
13.48
17.77
20.54

15.72
11.24
18.74
20.60

13.02
10.37
17.12
15.01

12.41
10.94
17.91
16.30

11.42
11.93
17.97
20.65

10.70
13.28
15.99
12.82

11.36
15.69
16.08
15.28

12.23
15.13
16.17
18.89

14.40
15.98
18.02
23.02

13.91
16.67
18.31
21.59

13.66
16.61
17.89
22.02

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

21.89
22.94
19.78
22.99
23.74

21.91
23.27
18.00
22.49
24.65

24.11
23.98
19.73
23.43
24.54

21.21
25.46
18.46
22.49
22.49

19.84
18.25
16.44
18.13
21.62

19.71
21.51
16.67
11.65
22.95

19.66
22.02
17.68
21.43
22.82

20.10
21.13
18.02
20.88
22.47

20.91
22.84
20.10
23.42
24.20

22.17
23.51
22.01
24.45
24.25

23.78
25.14
22.82
27.55
24.08

24.05
22.67
23.35
26.71
24.34

24.92
24.13
23.17
23.99
26.34

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

29.47
33.37
39.97
49.32
50.36

25.17
31.50
36.09
50.40
51.80

26.16
32.02
39.49
51.07
51.45

26.73
32.15
41.44
50.17
50.26

18.37
32.22
39.93
48.69
41.79

29.74
33.21
37.80
49.53
51.03

31.05
34.55
30.65
49.83
56.93

28.23
30.74
40.92
45.47
49.01

32.37
32.63
44.37
50.18
47.96

31.20
34.20
44.18
48.80
51.12

32.83
35.09
43.39
50.34
38.31

31.50
35.40
31.19
47.85
54.33

32.33
37.13
50.90
49.02
56.13

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

56.04
63.75
69.18
60.63
67.46

52.25
66.67
71.95
73.25
45.42

55.16
62.06
67.70
70.58
47.80

56.06
62.09
71.36
67.65
75.58

31.39
51.48
47.79
69.38
69.79

34.63
62.11
71.10
70.01
65.54

61.32
62.77
70.43
57.36
67.05

50.30
53.45
62.00
45.99
66.82

60.12
66.43
73.38
47.53
68.11

59.24
68.06
71.09
50.36
68.96

60.01
68.57
73.17
60.45
69.99

58.98
68.00
69.78
65.34
70.29

66.76
71.12
73.22
46.77
74.64

PRODUCTION*WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

BITUMINOUS - SIC 12— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION—WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.69
75.04
81.84
77.52
92.13

73.48
82.89
84.24
78.96
88.32

72.67
77.25
78.08
75.76
90.75

71.60
76.17
78.39
69.97
88.21

72.58
63.94
76.32
68.64
89.30

70.95
67.41
81.50
73.13
90.15

74.52
61.76
87.60
79.62
94.43

70.63
61.10
81.50
72.24
91.72

74.04
77.54
89.17
78.72
90.77

78.55
84.53
82.66
77.84
92.67

77.40
72.32
86.16
84.00
95.72

77.90
82.72
77.84
84.72
92.01

83.06
88.08
78.87
88.32
101.39

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

102.00
106.00
97.57
111.34
112.41

99.96
106.02
99.08
110.52
119.51

98.94
107.82
96.43
110.16
114.03

98.16
104.99
92.02
107.71
119.07

101.25
107.16
85.85
109.55
114.03

101.79
103.31
88.76
112.50
112.85

103.57
110.04
101.38
118.82
116.39

98.09
107.64
91.98
99.16
113.93

98.36
106.43
100.10
110.57
109.94

101.90
108.34
101.03
106.39
107.05

105.75
106.13
102.49
115.18
109.55

102.32
97.94
102.37
110.92
104.16

110.59
103.49
111.22
122.75
108.54

1961
1962
1963

112.01
114.50

110.80
118.00
120.90

107.57
118.25
122.77

97.02
118.00
114.56

102.32
117.12
119.81

107.92
109.08
124.66

116.55
116.31

120.08
102.66

114.82
113.83

115.18
113.67

117.87
114.76

117.62
111.24

118.31
119.88

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1909
1914
1919
1923
1924
1925

.312
.347
.734
.817
.786
.774

1927
1928
1929
1930

1726
.693
.659
.662

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

.626
.503
.485
•651
.720

.570
•689

•564
.694

.556
•689

.661
•708

•681
*712

.691
•693

.695
.716

•693
.714

.694
.710

.693
.775

.691
.791

•688
.762

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.768
•828
.849
•858
.854

.753
.768
•841
.855
.847

.744
.771
•843
.855
•849

.763
.760
.839
.855
•855

.775
•849
•839
.855
.851

.779
•871
•855
.832
.853

.777
.857
.850
.857
.858

.770
•852
.854
•863
;851

.783
.865
.859
.861
•858

.775
•861
.853
.867
•854

.767
.858
•858
.853
.857

.766
.849
.849
.859
•860

.769
.838
.852
•860
•858

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.960
1.030
1.101
1.147
1.199

.856
1.016
1.049
1.156
1.164

•855
1.023
1.076
1.140
1.151

.854
1.027
1.082
1.135
1.158

•813
1.023
1.091
1.143
1.145

.972
1.025
1.083
1.136
1.215

•989
1.050
1.087
1.143
1.243

.994
1.018
1.112
1.160
1.213

.999
1.026
1.112
1.151
1.208

1 .0 0 0

1.030
1.130
1.173
1.220

1.004
1.035
1.127
1.152
1.201

1.016
1.038
1.106
1.134
1.221

1.033
1.049
1.149
1.148
1.239

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.357
1.582
1.835
1.877
1.944

1.218
1.440
1.781
1.883
1.869

1.223
1.440
1.763
1.877
1.897

1.232
1.434
1.784
1.874
1.943

1.198
1.434
1.757
1.870
1.955

1.278
1.418
1.782
1.882
1.939

1.426
1.453
1.792
1.887
1*949

1.409
1.686
1.873
1.847
1.948

1.418
1.730
1.896
1.835
1.935

1.431
1.754
1.906
1.879
1.959

1.412
1.736
1.881
1.913
1.955

1.428
1.780
1.891
1.933
1.947

1.442
1.756
1.892
1.856
1.954

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

2.14
2.22
2.40
2.40
2.47

1.97
2.17
2.40
2.40
2.40

2.15
2.17
2.41
2.39
2.42

2.15
2.17
2.39
2.38
2.41

2.16
2.16
2.40
2.40
2.42

2.15
2.14
2.39
2.39
2.43

2.16
2.19
2.42
2.42
2.44

2.18
2.19
2.39
2.40
2.42

2.14
2.16
2.41
2.40
2.44

2.17
2.19
2.41
2.41
2.56

2.15
2.26
2.40
2.40
2.58

2.17
2.35
2.41
2.40
2.57

2.18
2.44
2.39
2.40
2.58

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.72
2.92
2.93
3.11
3.14

2.61
2.85
2.94
3.07
3.17

2.59
2.83
2.94
3.06
3.15

2.59
2.83
2.94
3.06
3.15

2.70
2.92
2.92
3.13
3.15

2.70
2.91
2.91
3.16
3.17

2.74
2.95
2.93
3.16
3.18

2.74
2.99
2.92
2.96
3.13

2.68
2.94
2.91
3.15
3.15

2.71
2.96
2.92
3.12
3.13

2.82
2.94
2.92
3.13
3.13

2.85
2.95
2.95
3.16
3.10

2.88
2.94
2.95
3.18
3.11

1961
3.12
1962 (1)3.12
1963

3.13
3.13
3.10

3.10
3.12
3.14

3.08
3.13
3.13

3.11
3.14
3.12

3.11
3.09
3.14

3.15
3.11

3.16
(2)

3.12
3.11

3.13
3.14

3.11
3.11

3.12
3.09

3.13
3.13

MONTHLY DATA NOTAVAILABLE

PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1909
1914
1919
1923
1924
1925
(1)
12)

37.5
34.9
35.2
31.1
29.8
33.9

11-MONTH AVERAGE
NOT AVAILABLE.




MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

16

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

BITUMINOUS - SIC 12— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

37.4
33.3
35.3
38.1
33.3

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

28.1
27.0
29.3
26.8
26.2

30.0
27.0

31.5
29.6

33.7
29.9

25.9
21.2

26.3
22.9

26.0
29.8

23.0
17.9

23.2
21.4

23.3
26.6

26.0
29.7

26.5
27.3

26.0
28.9

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

28.5
27.7
23.3
26.8
27.8

29.1
30.3
21.4
26.3
29.1

32.4
31.1
23.4
27.4
28.9

27.8
33.5
22.0
26.3
26.3

25.6
21.5
19.6
21.2
25.4

25.3
24.7
19.5
14.0
26.9

25.3
25.7
20.8
25.0
26.6

26.1
24.8
21.1
24.2
26.4

26.7
26.4
23.4
27.2
28.2

28.6
27.3
25.8
28.2
28.4

31.0
29.3
26.6
32.3
28.1

31.4
26.7
27.5
31.1
28.3

32.4
28.8
27.2
27.9
30.7

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

30.7
32.4
36.3
43.0
42.0

29.4
31.0
34.4
43.6
44.5

30.6
31.3
36.7
44.8
44.7

31.3
31.3
38.3
44.2
43.4

22.6
31.5
36.6
42.6
36.5

30.6
32.4
34.9
43.6
42.0

31.4
32.9
28.2
43.6
45.8

28.4
30.2
36.8
39.2
40.4

32.4
31.8
39.9
43.6
39.7

31.2
33.2
39.1
41.6
41.9

32.7
33.9
38.5
43.7
31.9

31.0
34.1
28.2
42.2
44.5

31.3
35.4
44.3
42.7
45.3

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.3
40.3
37.7
32.3
34.7

42.9
46.3
40.4
38.9
24.3

45.1
43.1
38.4
37.6
25.2

45.5
43.3
40.0
36.1
38.9

26.2
35.9
27.2
37.1
35.7

27.1
43.8
39.9
37.2
33.8

43.0
43.2
39.3
30.4
34.4

35.7
31.7
33.1
24.9
34.3

42.4
38.4
38.7
25.9
35.2

41.4
38.8
37.3
26.8
35.2

42.5
39.5
38.9
31.6
35.8

41.3
38.2
36.9
33.8
36.1

46.3
40.5
38.7
25.2
38.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

34.9
33.8
34.1
32.3
37.3

37.3
38.2
35.1
32.9
36.8

33.8
35.6
32.4
31.7
37.5

33.3
35.1
32.8
29.4
36.6

33.6
29.6
31.8
28.6
36.9

33.0
31.5
34.1
30.6
37.1

34.5
28.2
36.2
32.9
38.7

32.4
27.9
34.1
30.1
37.9

34.6
35.9
37.0
32.8
37.2

36.2
38.6
34.3
32.3
36.2

36.0
32.0
35.9
35.0
37.1

35.9
35.2
32.3
35.3
35.8

38.1
36.1
33.0
36.8
39.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

37.5
36.3
33.3
35.8
35.8

38.3
37.2
33.7
36.0
37.7

38.2
38.1
32.8
36.0
36.2

37.9
37.1
31.3
35.2
37.8

37.5
36.7
29*4
35.0
36.2

37.7
35.5
30.5
35.6
35.6

37.8
37.3
34.6
37.6
36.6

35.8
36.0
31.5
33.5
36.4

36.7
36.2
34.4
35.1
34.9

37.6
36.6
34.6
34.1
34.2

37.5
36.1
35.1
36.8
35.0

35.9
33.2
34.7
35.1
33.6

33.4
35.2
37.7
38.6
34.9

1961
35.9
1962 11136.7
1963

35.4
37.7
39.0

34.7
37.9
39.1

31.5
37.7
36.6

32.9
37.3
38.4

34.7
35.3
39.7

37.0
37.4

38.0
(2)

36.8
36.6

36.8
36.2

37.9
36.9

37.7
36.0

37.8
38.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.3
1.6
2.1
1.6

.7
1.4
1.7
1.9
1.5
2.2

•6
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
2.2

1.2
1.4
1.3
1.5
1.5
2.3

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.8
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.0
1.4
2.7
1.5
3.6
1.2
1.5
1.7
1.1
1.4
2.3
2.1

1.5
1.7
5.5
3.3
2.5

2.2
1.9
1.2
3.1
2.5

1.8
1.9
1.2
2.2
1.6

1.6
8.1
1.4
1.7
1.2

1.3
3.8
.9
1.0
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.3
.5
.5
.6
.5

.3
.4
.5
.9
•6
.6

.2
.2
.5
.3
.5
.9

.4
.4
.5
.4
.5
.7

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•2
•3
•3
.2
.4
.4
.3
.4
.5
.5
.5
.4
•6
.5
.8
•4
•4
•6
.4
.5
.9
•8

.3
.6
•6
.7
.7

.3
•6
.4
.9
.6

.4
.7
.5
•8
.7

.3
.7
.4
.7
.4

•4
.5
.3
.3
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.5
3.4
2.4
2.7

4.5
2.1
1.7
2.0
2.1
2.0

3.9
2.7
1.3
2.6
2.1
1.9

4.9
2.8
2.0
3.1
1.6
2.4

SEPARATIONSi PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.7
2.6
1.7
2.3
2.3
3.0
5.0
3.9
3.7
3.1
8.0
1.6
2.3
2.2
6.1
1.8
4.2
3.2
5.1
2.3
2.2

2.2
13.7
4.1
1.7
2.3

1.2
2.2
3.4
1.7
1.9

.9
1.9
2.8
2.2
2.5

.9
2.4
2.3
1.6
3.2

.9
1.6
4.6
1.7
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.3
.3
.3
.4
.4

•3
.2
.3
•2
.4
.3

.3
.2
.3
.2
.3
.4

.4
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3

.4
.4
.4
.4
.6

•4
•5
.4
•6
.5

.3
.5
.3
.5
.4

.2
.4
.3
.4
.3

.3
.3
.2
.3
•3

(1)
12)

11-MONTH AVERAGE.
NOT AVAILABLE.




QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.4
.4
.3
.4
„5

.3
.4
•4
.5
.4

17

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

BITUMINOUS - SIC 12— -CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
2.9
2.7
1.7
1.8

4.0
1.6
1.1
1.4
1.4
1.3

3.5
2.0
.8
2.1
1.4
1.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.2
3.2
3.0
2.2
1.9
4.3
2.5
1.7
3.0
2.5
6.9
3.2
1.6
1.0
1.5
5.2
4.0
1.0
3.4
2.3
1.2
1.3

4.3
2.3
1.4
2.4
.9
1.6

1.6
13.0
3.3
.9
1.3

.7
1.3
2.7
•6
.9

.4
1.1
2.2
1.3
1.6

.5
1.7
1.7
.9
2.2

.5
1.1
4.0
1.1
1.1

CRUDE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS - SIC 13
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

197.6
202.7

193.9
204.5

190.0
201.1

194.6
206.0

194.5
207.5

199.6
209.7

200.3
206.7

201.9
205.1

197.3
203.4

197.7
199.4

199.7
198.7

200.7
195.2

200.7
194.6

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

210.6
195.8
189.0
207.1
215.2

197.0
214.4
182.0
196.3
211.5

193.5
204.6
183.2
197.0
211.1

199.4
198.3
184.6
198.7
211.1

204.8
196.4
185.3
201*5
211.2

211.2
195.1
185.0
205.3
211.3

217.2
195.8
189.1
209.5
213.9

220.9
197.0
190.5
212.8
215.1

221.8
196.1
193.2
214.7
216.8

218.9
191.7
192.5
213.6
215.6

215.0
188.4
192.7
212.3
217.7

212.8
186.9
194.3
212.0
221.3

214.8
185.2
195.1
211.2
226.3

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

230.6
248.5
274.0
266.3
266.1

228.0
235.9
257.7
267.8
255.3

227.6
235.0
257.1
266.6
253.1

225.6
236.2
260.9
266.1
254.8

226.1
238.7
267.4
267.0
259*3

228.4
243.6
273.0
266.9
261.2

233.0
250.3
280.2
269.4
269.6

234.0
256.1
284.9
270.3
273*6

234.5
257.9
287.7
270.6
276.3

232.3
256.5
285.5
266.9
276.6

232.7
256.8
278.0
261.6
272.2

232.9
256.8
277.7
261.6
270.5

231.6
257.9
277.7
261.3
270.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

284.4
303.4
311.4
318.1
331.9

266.4
296.9
305.4
310.9
316.6

265.4
295.4
302.1
310.3
316.1

268.7
297.4
302.8
311.5
320.2

273.8
301.3
305.5
315.4
324.2

278.1
302.8
307.7
317.2
328.2

287.3
310.2
316.1
325.6
337.9

292.8
311.2
318.9
328.5
342.3

297.2
309.1
321.0
325.9
343.9

295.1
305.3
317.1
319.8
340.8

294.1
302.8
312.0
315.7
335.3

296.0
302.7
313.9
317.8
337.9

297.3
305.5
313.7
318.4
339.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

340.1
344.0
327.5
329.5
309.2

332.6
335.6
339.1
328.3
313.2

331.0
336.4
331.0
319.5
308.0

336.3
334.9
323.1
321.2
304.4

336.8
335.7
319.7
326.6
308.1

336.1
335.8
320.1
331.4
309.6

349.7
350.2
326.7
338.8
313.9

352.2
357.2
328.1
342.6
312.9

350.3
358.7
330.8
337.7
313.0

344.2
352.5
328.9
333.0
310.8

337.1
343.9
324.8
324.8
306.3

337.7
343.8
325.8
326.4
306.0

336.9
343.8
331.6
324.2
304.5

1961
1962
1963

303.1
299.2

300.1
299.6
289.1

298.2
297.7
287.8

298.1
296.8
288.1

300.0
297.1
289.7

303.9
298.9
295.0

308.4
302.8

312.2
304.8

308.8
303.5

305.0
301.6

300.1
297.4

301.2
294.5

301.1
295.6

25.3
24.9
25.4

24.9
24.5
25.1

24.7
24.3
25.3

24.6
24.3
25.5

24.7
24.7
25.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1960
1961
1962
1963

25.2
24.6
25.2

25.4
24.7
24.9
25.3

25.4
24.7
24.7
25.3

25.4
24.5
25.0
25.3

1947
1948
1949
1950

209.3
232.0
223.0
226.5

197.5
219.9
225.6
214.2

196.7
217.9
223.2
212.9

197.6
220.2
222.2
215.3

200.0
227.9
222.5
219.6

205.0
228.0
223.3
222.2

211.0
238.8
226.5
230.8

216.2
242.6
226.1
233.8

217.8
244.2
226.5
237.4

216.9
240.8
222.4
236.9

217.3
234.6
219.0
232.8

217.4
235.4
219.0
231.0

218.4
233.9
220.0
231.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

243.3
256.3
260.9
263.2
268.9

225.8
253.8
255.1
257.2
258.2

225.2
252.0
252.2
257.0
257.6

229.2
253.5
252.4
258.3
259.9

233.6
256.7
256.0
261.4
262.3

238.4
256.7
257.5
263.3
265.1

247.3
263.6
266.4
271.9
275.0

251.8
263.1
269.3
273.8
277.8

255.8
260.7
271.4
271.3
279.9

253.0
253.8
266.8
263.1
274.6

251.7
252.5
261.9
259.0
269.4

253.8
253.5
261.3
261.6
271.4

253.7
255.2
260.5
260.6
275.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

271.4
265.5
242.9
244.2
225.6

269.4
263.0
254.3
243.3
230.5

266.7
263.3
246.4
233.8
225.5

269.2
261.3
238.7
236.0
222.6

271.1
260.3
235.1
240.4
224.1

269.7
259.8
235.9
245.6
225.4

280.4
272.3
242.1
253.0
229.4

281.8
276.0
243.7
256.7
227.6

278.8
277.1
245.8
251.4
228.2

270.8
270.4
244.5
247.2
226.3

266.1
261.6
240.3
240.2
223.0

266.5
261.3
241.3
242.7
222.7

265.9
259.6
246.8
240.1
221.8

1961
1962
1963

218.8
214.0

217.3
214.7
205.1

215.2
212.7
203.8

214.6
211.8
204.5

216.1
211.4
205.2

219.7
213.3
210.4

224.4
216.8

226.4
218.4

224.0
217.7

220.1
216.5

215.0
212.5

216.4
210.5

215.9
211.5

99.30
102.79
103.66
107.95
109.46

101.76
104.80
103.99
106.75
109.30

100.91
104.92
103.09
107.17
111.61

25.7
24.6
25.1
25.4

25.5
24.6
25.0
25.3

25.5
24.7
25.4

25.4
24.7
25.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

100.62
103.52
103.32
105.75
109.20




99.90
100.38
103.00
106.68
106.60
110.09

100.62
103.88
101.50
104.42
108.52
110.51

101.46
104.49
103.64
104.75
108.78
110.77

100.86
102.37
105.29
105.75
109.20
111.45

100.20
103.52
105.04
104.00
108.78
110.62

101.76
103.82
102.66
103.75
107.74

101.34
103.94
103.74
106.93
110.83

99.25
104.68
103.15
104.67
109.56

99.84
104.19
103.99
105.83
110.99

18

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Ymar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

April

May

Jun*

July

August

Saptumbur

October

November

December

CRUDE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS - SIC 13— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.39
2.A3
2.46
2.53
2.60

2.39
2.39
2.47
2.54
2.60
2.64

2.39
2.45
2.44
2.51
2.59
2.65

2.41
2.43
2.45
2.50
2.59
2.65

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

42.1
42.6
42.0
41.8
42.0

41.8
42.0
41.7
42.0
41.0
41.7

42.1
42.4
41.6
41.6
41.9
41.7

42.1
43.0
42.3
41.9
42.0
41.8

2.39
2.42
2.46
2.53
2.60
2.66

2.38
2.43
2.46
2.50
2.59
2.64

2.40
2.42
2.45
2.50
2.59

2.39
2.44
2.47
2.54
2.62

2.38
2.44
2.45
2.51
2.59

2.40
2.44
2.47
2.55
2.63

2.37
2.43
2.48
2.54
2.60

2.40
2.46
2.47
2.56
2.59

2.38
2.44
2.49
2.57
2.62

41.7
42.9
42.1
41.7
42.3

41.6
42.7
42.1
41.5
42.2

41.9
42.3
41.8
42.5
42.1

42.4
42.6
42.1
41.7
42.2

42.4
43.0
41.4
41.7
42.6

PRODUCT IO * “
N < WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
42.2
42.3
42.8
41.8
42.0
41.9

42.1
42.6
42.7
41.6
42.0
41.9

42.4
42.9
41.9
41.5
41.6

42.4
42.6
42.0
42.1
42.3

CRUDE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FIELDS - SIC 131,2
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

164.0
173.6
173.1
166.8

158.4
166.2
172.6
165.6

158.7
166.8
173.4
165.1

159.6
169.0
172.9
164.2

160.7
169.7
172.7
164.4

162.0
172.1
172.6
164.6

165.6
176.5
175.3
168.1

168.7
180.2
177.7
170.9

169.5
181.4
177.9
170.8

166.9
179.0
175.3
169.7

165.8
174.3
170.8
167.2

165.5
174.0
168.8
165.3

166.2
174.1
167.3
165.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

169.1
177.2
181.3
184.7
189.0

164.3
170.8
178.5
180.4
184.4

164.5
171.5
177.5
180.6
183.7

164.9
172.8
178.4
180.6
184.3

165.8
174.1
179.6
181.5
184.6

166.9
174.0
179.6
182.1
185.9

170.9
179.5
184.0
188.0
192.0

174.0
183.8
186.0
191.8
195.5

175.4
184.5
186.8
191.5
196.6

172.3
181.6
183.7
188.6
193.6

169.6
178.4
180.1
184.2
189.1

169.9
176.9
180.5
183.8
189.0

170.1
178.5
180.6
183.8
189.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

192.3
194.5
192.4
185.4
178.2

188.0
189.5
194.8
187.4
180.1

188.6
189.6
193.6
185.7
178.2

190.2
189.0
192.4
184.7
176.4

189.9
190.5
192.3
185.2
177.3

189.8
190.0
191.6
184.6
177.4

197.6
197.8
194.7
188.0
180.5

200.8
202.8
195.5
189.3
181.8

199.9
203.1
195.3
188.7
181.6

196.2
199.4
192.8
185.7
179.6

189.7
193.9
189.2
182.2
175.5

188.9
193.0
188.5
181.4
175.0

187.9
194.8
188.5
181.7
174.4

1961
1962
1963

171.3
167.4

173.0
167.6
163.4

172.1
166.9
163.1

170.5
166.8
162.3

170.3
167.1
162.9

170.3
167.9
163.0

172.8
170.4

174.7
170.6

174.6
170.4

172.0
167.8

169.2
165.0

168.8
164.3

167.8
163.7

1960
1961
1962
1963

18.4
18.0
18.5

18.6
18.1
18.1
18.8

18.6
18.1
18.1
18.7

18.4
17.9
18.2
18.7

18.5
18.3
18.7

18.3
17.8
18.6

18.1
17.7
18.7

18.0
17.6
18.9

18.1
17.9
18.7

1947
1948
1949
1950

128.3
134.8
132.7
130.7

123.2
129.5
132.0
127.5

123.5
129.4
132.1
127.8

124.2
131.0
131.7
127.7

125.2
131.9
131*6
128.1

126.7
133.7
132.4
128.9

129.8
138.4
135.9
132.6

132.4
141.5
136.8
134.8

133.1
141.5
137.2
135.6

131.0
137.8
133.9
133.7

130.0
134.2
131.2
131.6

129.9
134.7
129.5
129.8

130.5
133.7
128.5
130.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

133.4
138.0
140.5
140.3
138.4

128.6
133.6
137.6
137.3
137.0

129.3
134.3
137.2
137.8
136.3

130.3
135.5
138.1
137.3
135.8

130.8
136.5
139.4
137.9
135.1

132.2
135.5
138.8
138.6
135.7

135.9
141.4
144.1
144.6
141.9

138.3
144.1
146.0
147.5
144*1

139.4
143.5
146.5
147.1
145.3

135.6
138.9
142.9
142.8
140.6

133.3
137.4
139.6
138.7
136.5

133.9
137.1
137.9
137.5
135.5

133.2
137.6
137.6
136.9
137.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

136.8
131.5
124.5
117.8
111.2

137.2
131.7
126.6
119.5
114.1

137.1
131.6
125.5
117.8
112.8

136.4
129.8
124.7
117.0
111.6

136.7
129.9
124.4
117.1
110.3

135.7
129.2
123.9
116.6
110.4

141.5
135.9
126.6
120.0
112.8

143.6
137.5
127.5
121.0
113.5

141.5
137.5
127.1
120.6
113.1

136.6
133.2
124.9
118.2
111.4

132.4
127.8
121.7
115.5
108.7

131.7
126.6
120.8
115.0
108.4

131.2
127.0
120.8
115.1
107.8

1961
1962
1963

104.5
99.7

106.6
100.2
96.7

105.4
99.6
96.6

104.1
99.5
96.1

104.0
99.2
95.9

103.9
100.0
95.8

106.5
102.1

107.0
101.9

107.1
101.8

104.7
99.9

102.0
97.8

101.7
97.4

100.6
96.9

26.75
26.11
26.25
26.43

27.15
25.74
26.15
26.96

26.42
25.37
25.26
28.42

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
18.6
18.1
18.3
18.8

18.5
18.1
18.3
18.7

18.6
18.1
18.6

18.7
18.2
18.8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1932
1933
1934
1935

28.31
25.95
25.92
27.03




30.75
25.44
26.13
26.68

28.28
26.82
24.90
27.04

29.89
27.58
25.66
27.47

28.78
25.86
25.59
27.17

30.77
26.59
26. L3
27.09

29.51
25.52
25.35
26.30

28.94
26.27
26.70
26.46

26.48
25.55
26.82
26.50

26.49
24.82
25.73
27.86

19

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

Saptambar

Octobar

November

December

CRUDE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FIELDS - SIC 131»2~CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

27.97
31.32
31.96
31.89
31.77

27.45
29.45
31.75
31.38
31.74

27.34
30.23
32.64
32.30
32.19

27.75
30.14
32.20
31.88
31.88

28.04
31.36
32.08
31.68
32.03

27.93
31.24
31.47
31.88
31.89

27.92
31.56
32.04
32.08
31.51

27.67
31.72
31.96
31.65
31.84

27.60
31.60
32.00
32.00
31.84

28.15
32.00
32.12
32.08
31.49

28.06
31.68
31.76
31.63
31.71

28.82
32.08
32.05
32.08
31.77

29.55
32.04
31.72
31.85
31.45

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

33.74
37.71
44.69
49.86
51.62

31.80
36.10
40.30
49.15
51.05

32.22
36.00
41.61
49.32
51.79

31.76
35.53
41.57
48.65
51.24

32.62
36.51
42.03
50.06
50.81

33.03
36.40
43.00
49.15
50.99

33.06
36.84
44.65
49.53
51.72

33.77
37.40
45.99
51.32
51.34

33.78
37.71
45.45
49.76
52.43

35.31
39.46
48.02
51.32
52.34

35.73
39.44
47.43
49.53
49.81

35.79
39.35
48.32
50.22
51.00

36.08
40.82
48.19
50.35
48.39

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

49.93
55.98
62.88
67.40
69.53

48.75
52.96
61.04
69.16
71.93

49.29
52.99
62.60
66.37
67.82

50.34
52.82
59.03
65.60
66.84

49.65
55.49
60.22
66.30
70.19

49.41
55.57
62.24
67.71
66.86

49.24
58.25
61.11
66.60
67.06

49.97
56.92
63.72
68.41
71.33

50.43
56.26
66.20
66.71
66.97

50.22
57.10
63.99
68.30
69.32

50.84
56.54
64.42
69.70
73.25

50.85
59.62
64.93
67.14
71.87

50.15
57.39
65.59
67.46
71.28

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

75.30
80.98
85.47
86.65
88.88

72.32
79.68
84.46
87.48
90.06

72.94
77.55
83.42
85.81
84.16

72.32
79.49
83.84
85.20
86.18

75.85
78.12
83.23
85.20
88.40

73.97
77.16
84.05
89.19
91.02

74.37
80.56
82.19
85.39
87.78

78.77
80.78
87.34
87.26
90.94

73.60
81.00
88.40
88.58
87*38

79.04
84.26
87.08
87.70
90.54

74.56
81.61
85.01
85.60
90.98

74.77
85.49
88.99
85.60
88.84

79.46
82.82
85.20
85.41
88.84

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95.88
100.53
103.38
108.12
108.95

94.47
98.95
104.30
105.22
110.43

92.23
96.15
104.55
108.65
106.27

93.67
95.51
105.22
108.65
108.14

97.41
95.04
103.38
106.52
109.48

94.24
98.49
101.66
106.80
110.02

93.93
102.91
104.55
106.27
107.60

100.08
103.73
104.65
110.27
110.70

94.54
100.35
100.40
108.67
106.53

101.70
106.91
103.38
109.61
110.57

95.34
100.75
101.05
107.20
109.62

95.75
103.12
105.37
111.11
109.21

98.71
105.32
102.21
108.79
108.54

1961
1962
1963

113.96
115.46

116.90
117.14
121.09

112.03
113.65
118.15

111.35
113.65
118.26

114.93
115.18
120.30

111.76
113.12
117.74

112.59
113.52

116.75
118.85

111.35
114.80

114.93
119.81

115.21
114.09

114.37
115.18

112.84
119.11

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1935

.753

.787

.786

.794

.783

1774

.745

.739

.736

.741

.732

.749

.744

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.736
.793
.809
.837
.845

.742
.759
•808
•839
•842

.749
.775
.818
•839
.847

.746
.765
•805
•828
•848

.738
.786
•808
•836
•843

.737
.803
.807
.826
.837

.731
.791
.801
•831
.847

k732

•801
.807
•844
•838

.732
•804
.794
.829
•840

.733
•804
•803
.842
.858

.725
.798
•804
.848
.839

.739
•808
.826
.842
.845

.737
•803
•824
.847
.857

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.895
.972
1.054
1.103
1.147

.848
.940
1.015
1.112
1.122

•866
•960
1.030
1.096
1.121

•856
.950
1.024
1.074
1.114

.863
.941
1.025
1.120
1.129

•876
.953
1.054
1.085
1.111

.896
.947
1.053
1.091
1.122

.891
.954
1*067
1.138
1.146

.896
.977
1.057
1.084
1.125

.922
.994
1.084
1.123
1.158

.928
.996
1.073
1.108
1.127

.957
1.022
1.081
1.099
1.167

.947
1.013
1.078
1.114
1.186

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.239
1.396
1.580
1.685
1.721

1.192
1.298
1.526
1.691
1.729

1.217
1.328
1.538
1.676
1.704

1.240
1.351
1.502
1.665
1.688

1.226
1.377
1.517
1.670
1.712

1.220
1.379
1.560
1.676
1.680

1.253
1.407
1.559
1.686
1.685

1.243
1.409
1.597
1.706
1.723

1.239
1.410
1.603
1.672
1.670

1.265
1.431
1.624
1.699
1.720

1.240
1.417
1.631
1.700
1.778

1.265
1.472
1.648
1.687
1.779

1.276
1.464
1.648
1.695
1.782

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.85
1.98
2.10
2.15
2.20

1.79
1.92
2.06
2.16
2.17

1.81
1.91
2.07
2.14
2.12

1.79
1.92
2.07
2.13
2.16

1.85
1.91
2.05
2.13
2.21

1.84
1.91
2.05
2.17
2.22

1.85
1.96
2.06
2.14
2.20

1.88
1.98
2.12
2.16
2.24

1.84
2.01
2.13
2.15
2.19

1.90
2.05
2.15
2.16
2.23

1.85
2.02
2.12
2.14
2.23

1.86
2.07
2.16
2.14
2.21

1.91
2.04
2.13
2.13
2.21

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.35
2.47
2.54
2.65
2.69

2.26
2.39
2.55
2.56
2.70

2.30
2.38
2.55
2.65
2.67

2.33
2.37
2.56
2.65
2.67

2.37
2.37
2.54
2.63
2.69

2.35
2.45
2.51
2.65
2.69

2.36
2.51
2.55
2.65
2.67

2.40
2.53
2.54
2.67
2.70

2.34
2.49
2.51
2.67
2.65

2.41
2.57
2.54
2.68
2.71

2.36
2.50
2.52
2.66
2.70

2.37
2.54
2.57
2.71
2.69

2.39
2.55
2.53
2.66
2.70

1961
1962
1963

2.80
2.83

2.81
2.85
2.89

2.78
2.82
2.91

2.77
2.82
2.92

2.81
2.83
2.92

2.78
2.80
2.90

2.78
2.81

2.82
2.85

2.77
2.80

2.81
2.88

2.81
2.81

2.81
2.83

2.80
2.87

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1935

35.9

33.9

14.4

34.6

34.7

35.0

35.3

35.8

36.0

37.6

36.1

36.0

38.2

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

38.0
39.5
39.5
38.1
37.6

37.0
38.8
39.3
37.4
37.7

36.5
39.0
39.9
38.5
38.0

37.2
39.4
40.0
38.5
37.6

38.0
39.9
39.7
37.9
38.0

37.9
38.9
39.0
38.6
38.1

38.2
39.9
40.0
38.6
37.2

37.8
39.6
39.6
37.5
38.0

37.7
39.3
40.3
38.6
37.9

38.4
39.8
40.0
38.1
38.7

38.7
39.7
39.5
37.3
37.8

39.0
39.7
38.8
38.1
37.6

40.1
39.9
38.5
37.6
36.7




20

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

CRUDE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FIELDS - SIC 131,2— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

37.7
38.8
42.4
45.2
45.0

37.5
38.4
39.7
44.2
45.5

37.2
37.5
40.4
45.0
46.2

37.1
37.4
40.6
45.3
46.0

37.8
38.8
41.0
44.7
45.0

37.7
38.2
40.8
45.3
45.9

36.9
38.9
42.4
45.4
46.1

37.9
39.2
43.1
45.1
44.8

37.7
38.6
43.0
45.9
46.6

38.3
39.7
44.3
45.7
45.2

38.5
39.6
44.2
44.7
44.2

37.4
38.5
44.7
45.7
43.7

38.1
40.3
44.7
45.2
40.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.3
40.1
39.8
40.0
40.4

40.9
40.8
40.0
40.9
41.6

40.5
39.9
40.7
39.6
39.8

40.6
39.1
39.3
39.4
39.6

40.5
40.3
39.7
39.7
41.0

40.5
40.3
39.9
40.4
39.8

39.3
41.4
39.2
39.5
39.8

40.2
40.4
39.9
40.1
41.4

40.7
39.9
41.3
39.9
40.1

39.7
39.9
39.4
40.2
40.3

41.0
39.9
39.5
41.0
41.2

40.2
40.5
39.4
39.8
40.4

39.3
39.2
39.8
39.8
40.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.7
40.9
40.7
40.3
40.4

40.4
41.5
41.0
40.5
41.5

40.3
40.6
40.3
40.1
39.7

40.4
41.4
40.5
40.0
39.9

41.0
40.9
40.6
40.0
40.0

40.2
40.4
41.0
41.1
41.0

40.2
41.1
39.9
39.9
39.9

41.9
40.8
41.2
40.4
40.6

40.0
40.3
41.5
41.2
39.9

41.6
41.1
40.5
40.6
40.6

40.3
40.4
40.1
40.0
40.8

40.2
41.3
41.2
40.0
40.2

41.6
40.6
40.0
40.1
40.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.8
40.7
40.7
40.8
40.5

41.8
41.4
40.9
41.1
40.9

40.1
40.4
41.0
41.0
39.8

40.2
40.3
41.1
41.0
40.5

41.1
40.1
40.7
40.5
40.7

40.1
40.2
40.5
40.3
40.9

39.8
41.0
41.0
40.1
40.3

41.7
41.0
41.2
41.3
41.0

40.4
40.3
40.0
40.7
40.2

42.2
41.6
40.7
40.9
40.8

40.4
40.3
40.1
40.3
40.6

40.4
40.6
41.0
41.0
40.6

41.3
41.3
40.4
40.9
40.2

1961
1962
1963

40.7
40.8

41.6
41.1
41.9

40.3
40.3
40.6

40.2
40.3
40.5

40.9
40.7
41.2

40.2
40.4
40.6

40.5
40.4

41.4
41.7

40.2
41.0

40.9
41.6

41.0
40.6

40.7
40.7

40.3
41.5

135.5
149.0
131.4
134.2
133.1

136.1
147.3
131.2
133.0
133.8

135.6
142.6
130.8
130.9
132.4

137.3
145.0
131.0
132.4
130.2

143.1
142.5
130.1
133.3
131.9

6.8
6.6
6.7

6.6
6.7
6.5

6.6
6.6
6.6

6.6
6.7
6.6

6.6
6.8
6.6

118.7
130.8
115.1
116.9
115.9

119.6
129.0
114.9
115.4
116.6

118.6
124.7
114.3
113.0
114.7

120.5
127.7
114.3
114.7
113.1

126.0
125.0
114.0
115.3
114.6

97.01
99.01
98.04
101.85
105.90

98.55
99.67
98.97
99.88
104.40

99.*8
101.03
97.33
101.86
105.71

L AND GAS FIELD SERVICES - SIC 138
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

135.0
144.2
131.1
131.8
131.8

144.3
140.9
133.1
127.1
132.0
125.7

137.4
133.8
129.8
126.1
130.8
124.7

130.7
136.5
128.0
127.6
130.0
125.8

127.4
141.4
130.8
129.7
130.0
126.8

128.5
146.8
132.2
133.6
131.0
132.0

132.0
150.8
133.4
135.6
132.4

132.6
153.3
131.1
137.5
134.2

EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
FEMALE 1
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.8
6.6
6.7

6.3
6.6
6.8
6.5

6.8
6.6
6.6
6.6

7.0
6.6
6.8
6.6

7.1
6.5
6.8
6.6

7.0
6.5
6.7
6.6

6.9
6.6
6.8

6.7
6.5
6.8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

118.4
126.4
114.4
114.3
114.3

127.7
123.8
116.4
110.7
114.5
108.4

120.9
116.0
112.7
109.8
113.1
107.2

114.0
119.0
111.0

110.5
112.3
108.4

110.7
123.3
113.8
112.1
112.2
109.3

112.0
129.0
115.0
115.8
113.3
114.6

115.5
133.0
116.6
117.9
114.7

116.2
135.7
114.1
119.4
116.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER , VERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
A
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

97.44
99.68
98.31
98.44
103.63

95.22
95.87
95.63
96.90
97.99
100.43

96.77
98.55
96.78
97.61
104.16
103.76

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.24
2.25
2.26
2.30
2.41

2.23
2.24
2.25
2.28
2.39
2.42

2.24
2.25
2.23
2.27
2.40
2.43

97.20
100.58
98.12
98.75
104.84
104.25

98.11
97.90
100.80
97.55
103.68
103.52

98.11
101.02
10GU57
97.16
104.59
104.49

98.34
102.15
97.22
96.25
102.67

97.67
98.11
97.41
97.98
103.58

98.10
101.25
99.44
98.70
104.84

95.63
99.01
97.65
97.67
103.58

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.25
2.24
2.23
2.27
2.41
2.43

2.24
2.23
2.25
2.29
2.40
2.43

2.24
2.26
2.26
2.27
2.41
2.43

2.24
2.25
2.24
2.27
2.41

2.23
2.24
2.26
2.30
2.42

2.25
2.25
2.26
2.29
2.41

2.25
2.23
2.25
2.32
2.42

2.22
2.24
2.28
2.32
2.44

2.25
2.26
2.27
2.35
2.40

2.25
2.25
2.29
2.38
2.43

43.6
45.0
44.0
43.1
43.5

42.5
44.4
43.4
42.1
42.8

43.7
44.2
43.0
43i9
43.4

43.8
44.1
43.6
42.5
43.5

44.3
44.9
42.5
42.8
43.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

43.5
44.3
43.5
42.8
43.0




42.7
42.8
42.5
42.5
41.0
41.5

43.2
43.8
43.4
43.0
43.4
42.7

43.2
44.9
44.0
43.5
43.5
42.9

43.8
43.9
44.8
42.6
43.2
42.6

43.8
44.7
44.5
42.8
43.4
43.0

43.9
45.4
43.4
42.4
42.6

43.8
43.8
43.1
42.6
42.8

21

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

QUARRYING AND NONMETALLIC MINING - SIC 14
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
19 39
1940

76.2
80.7

65.4
64.6

63.7
64.1

67.5
69.5

72.4
76.6

77.2
82.5

80.4
85.6

81.5
87.4

82.3
88.7

82.7
89.8

83.3
89.6

81.8
86.7

76.2
82.8

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

94.1
100.4
90.1
79.6
74.7

79.3
92.5
90.5
79.5
71.2

78.1
90.4
88.3
78.7
70.8

81.3
93.2
88.5
78.7
71.8

88.8
99.2
90.8
79.9
72.7

95.2
102.7
91.4
80.3
73.2

98.1
105.2
92.5
81.6
75.1

100.8
107.2
93.2
82.1
75.6

103.6
108.3
93.1
82.5
75.8

105.0
107.6
91.3
80.2
76.4

103.5
104.1
89.4
78.7
77.7

99.9
99.8
86.7
77.7
78.8

96.0
94.1
85.1
75.1
77.6

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

89.5
97.8
99.6
95.0
95.1

77.1
88.1
95.1
93.3
87.1

78.0
89.5
93.0
91.5
86.8

82.1
91.9
96.3
93.4
88.3

87.4
95.7
99.7
96.2
92.4

89.1
98.8
100.6
96.2
95.1

92.1
101.0
102.6
96.6
97.6

94.3
101.9
102.3
97.6
98.9

96.1
102.8
103.4
97.5
100.9

95.4
102.7
103.0
97.1
100.0

94.7
101.6
101.0
94.2
99.4

94.3
100.7
100.0
93.9
99.1

92.9
99.3
98.4
91.9
95.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

102.4
103.8
105.9
105.1
108.3

95.2
98.5
99.7
100.8
101.1

94.2
98.5
100.0
100.3
100.8

96.6
99.4
101.5
101.5
103.5

100.3
102.9
104.9
103.6
106.7

103.0
103.6
106.4
105.9
108.2

105.3
104.4
107.8
106.9
109.7

105.4
105.2
108.1
108.0
110.4

107.3
108.0
109.8
108.1
112.3

107.0
107.4
109.9
107.8
113.8

106.7
107.6
109.3
106.9
112.3

105.1
106.8
107.7
106.4
111.4

102.8
103.7
105.9
104.9
108.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

115.2
114.3
114.9
120.4
123.0

107.9
109.4
108.7
108.9
110.8

107.9
107.4
105.3
107.5
109.5

111.1
109.2
107.7
111.2
108.0

114.9
112.6
111.3
119.1
121.7

116.5
115.5
114.8
124.4
127.3

118.9
116.1
118.0
126.2
130.0

118.4
116.6
119* 1
126.3
131.2

119.6
118.7
118.6
126.6
132.1

119.1
118.6
120.6
126.2
131.0

118.1
117.6
120.5
125.1
130.4

116.7
116.3
119.4
124.0
126.2

113.5
113.6
114.5
119.2
117.9

1961
1962
1963

119.8
118.7

110.5
105.9
106.8

106.5
104.4
103.8

110.6
107.3
107.7

117.2
116.0
118.1

122.8
124.2
123.3

127.2
125.8

128.0
125.8

127.6
128.5

126.9
126.5

125.3
124.9

120.7
121.9

114.5
113.2

1960
1961
1962
1963

4.8
4.9
4.8

4.5
4.6
4.7
4.5

4.6
4.7
4.9
4.6

4.5
4.7
4.6
4.5

5.0
4.9
5.0

5.0
4.9
4.7

4.9
4.9
4.8

4.8
5.0
4.7

4.7
5.0
4.5

1939
1940

68.1
72.1

58.5
57.7

56.9
57.3

60.3
62.1

64.7
68.4

69.0
73.7

71.8
76.4

72.8
78.0

73.5
79.3

73.9
80.3

74.4
80.0

73.1
77.5

68.1
74.0

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

84.1
89.6
80.5
71.1
66.7

70.9
82.6
80.8
71.0
63.7

69.8
80.7
78.9
70.3
63.2

72.6
83.2
79.0
70.3
64.1

79.4
88.6
81.2
71.4
64.9

85.0
91.8
81.6
71.8
65.4

87.6
93.9
82.6
72.9
67.1

90.1
95.7
83.2
73.4
67.5

92.6
96.7
83.2
73.7
67.7

93.8
96.2
81.5
71.7
68.2

92.5
93.0
79.8
70.3
69.4

89.3
89.2
77.5
69.4
70.4

85.8
84.0
76.1
67.1
69.3

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

79.9
85.5
86.7
81.9
82.6

68.9
77.0
81.8
80.6
74.7

69.7
78.1
80.0
79.1
75.3

73.4
80.3
83.4
80.6
76.3

78.0
84.1
86.7
83.3
80.1

79.7
86.8
87.6
83.5
82.6

82.3
88.7
90.0
83.8
85.0

84.2
89.5
89.2
84.0
86.1

85.8
90.2
90.1
84.2
87.8

85.2
89.8
89.8
83.8
87.3

84.7
88.6
88.5
81.2
86.7

84.2
87.4
87.4
80.8
86.4

83.1
85.8
85.9
78.1
83.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

89.1
89.4
90.7
89.4
92.2

82.3
84.7
84.8
85.5
85.5

81.8
84.8
85.2
85.2
85.4

83.7
85.6
86.5
86.1
87.6

87.2
88.7
90.0
88.3
91.4

90.0
89.8
90.9
90.4
92.2

91.8
89.8
92.9
90.9
93.1

91.6
90.4
93.5
92.1
93.7

93.8
93.1
94.5
92.1
95.8

93.3
92.5
94.6
92.0
97.1

92.7
92.8
93.5
91.2
96.2

91.3
91.8
92.2
90.1
95.2

89.2
88.8
90.2
89.1
93.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

98.1
96.6
96.4
101.2
102.6

91.6
92.4
90.7
90.2
91.3

91.5
90.6
87.1
89.3
90.3

94.1
92.4
89.7
93.1
88.5

97.8
95.1
93.5
100.1
101.6

99.1
98.1
96.6
105.1
106.9

101.2
98.1
99.7
106.8
108.8

100.5
98.6
100.5
106.7
110.1

102.1
100.5
99.7
107.2
110.9

101.8
100.2
101.8
106.5
110.1

100.9
99.5
101.6
105.4
109.6

99.5
98.3
100.3
104.3
105.4

96.6
95.7
95.5
99.6
97.2

1961
1962
1963

99.5
98.6

89.8
85.9
86.4

86.3
84.9
83.5

90.3
87.9
87.3

96.7
96.2
97.7

102.5
104.2
102.7

106.5
105.4

107.2
104.9

107.2
107.7

106.7
106.2

105.2
104.6

101.0
102.0

94.7
93.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
4.7
4.8
4.8
4.7

4.7
4.8
4.8
4.8

5.0
5.0
5.0

5.0
4.9
5.0

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER iAVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1932
1933
1934
1935

15.60
14.51
15.39
16.17

16.23
13.62
13.72
13.98

16.39
13.41
13.80
14.68

16.34
13.36
14.89
15.19

16.22
13.61
15.64
15.65

16.79
14.13
16.68
15.70

15.81
15.02
16.77
15.90

15.33
15.20
16.09
16.35

15.31
15.21
15.75
17.20

15.33
14.50
15.38
17.14

15.11
15.06
15.70
17.83

14.48
14.31
15.05
16.71

13.83
14.06
13.87
16.83

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

19.20
21.61
20.43
21.02
21.78

15.58
18.75
18.04
19.31
18.64

15.70
19.85
18.76
19.18
19.51

17.51
20.69
19.18
20.25
20.15

17.87
22.14
19.97
20.47
20.82

19.78
22.72
21.54
21.25
22.06

20.05
23.29
21.06
21.47
22.24

19.75
22.40
20.71
21.11
22.04

20.22
23.37
21.57
21.56
22.63

19.85
22.12
21.17
21.63
23.13

20.62
23.02
21.69
22.40
23.42

20.20
20.86
20.58
21.43
22.18

19.80
18.87
19.98
21.54
22.89




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

22

YMr

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

April

March

May

Jun«

July

August

Saptumbar

October

Novambar

Dacambar

QUARRYING ANO NONMETALLIC MINING - SIC 14— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

2 5 .6 7
3 0 .5 4
3 5 .4 5
3 8 .7 2
4 0 .3 2

2 1 .4 7
2 6 .1 3
3 2 .8 1
3 5 .2 0
3 7 .7 8

2 2 .1 0
2 7 .8 2
3 2 .7 1
3 5 .5 7
3 8 .1 9

2 2 .3 3
2 8 .5 9
3 2 .7 4
3 6 .9 3
3 9 .4 0

2 3 .8 1
2 8 .7 9
3 4 .8 5
3 7 .7 3
4 0 .9 6

2 5 .5 9
3 0 .1 5
3 5 .5 7
3 9 .2 7
4 0 .5 1

2 6 .5 0
3 0 .3 3
3 6 .0 8
3 9 .9 0
4 1 .3 8

2 6 .0 0
3 0 .9 3
3 5 .7 7
3 9 .3 7
4 1 .9 2

2 7 .3 2
3 1 .7 3
3 7 .2 4
4 0 .2 6
4 0 .2 8

2 7 .3 4
3 2 .1 7
3 6 .7 8
3 9 .8 0
4 0 .8 4

2 8 .2 9
3 3 .1 7
3 7 .7 6
4 2 .0 8
4 1 .5 5

2 7 .3 6
3 3 .3 7
3 6 .9 9
3 9 *8 0
4 0 .9 0

2 7 .2 7
3 2 .3 5
3 6 .1 9
3 8 .7 5
3 9 .1 6

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

4 4 .0 2
4 9 .3 2
5 3 .9 6
5 5 .0 4
5 8 .4 3

3 8 .3 2
4 4 .8 3
4 9 .5 3
5 3 .5 9
5 2 .0 8

3 9 .2 9
4 4 .6 6
4 9 .2 1
5 3 .0 5
5 3 .0 2

4 0 .9 5
4 5 .5 9
5 0 .6 9
5 3 .0 9
5 4 .0 3

4 3 .3 3
4 7 .8 3
5 1 .9 3
5 5 .0 0
5 6 .6 4

4 1 .8 1
4 9 .2 2
5 3 .9 8
5 6 .7 6
5 8 .0 3

4 4 .3 2
4 9 .9 4
5 4 .1 5
5 6 .4 2
5 8 .9 6

4 4 .4 8
4 9 .9 0
5 4 .9 5
5 5 .3 8
5 9 .4 5

4 6 .1 1
5 1 .2 5
5 7 .2 8
5 6 .4 5
6 0 .2 6

4 6 .8 6
5 1 .7 1
5 6 .0 4
5 5 .3 0
6 1 .0 2

4 7 .0 9
5 2 .7 8
5 7 .2 8
5 6 .3 6
6 2 .4 7

4 6 .2 8
5 1 .4 8
5 5 .6 9
5 4 .4 0
6 1 .7 8

4 7 .0 1
5 1 .0 9
5 5 .4 3
5 3 .7 2
6 0 .6 2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

6 5 .4 1
6 9 .4 4
7 4 . 32
7 5 .3 4
7 8 .8 5

6 0 .3 4
6 5 .2 5
6 8 .5 9
6 9 .3 6
7 3 ,4 3

5 9 .3 6
6 6 .1 5
6 9 .2 3
7 2 .1 6
7 2 .0 4

6 2 .0 6
6 5 .8 4
7 1 .1 2
7 2 .5 9
7 5 .5 2

6 4 .0 6
6 7 .7 9
7 2 .7 0
7 3 .4 4
7 6 .4 8

6 5 .5 2
6 9 .1 6
7 4 .2 5
7 6 .2 0
7 9 .8 3

6 5 .9 8
6 9 .7 7
7 5 .0 8
7 6 .8 8
8 0 .7 3

6 7 .0 3
6 8 .8 4
7 5 .9 4
7 8 .3 0
8 1 .8 1

6 7 .7 7
7 1 .5 9
7 7 .6 9
7 8 .1 3
8 2 .5 4

6 8 .8 5
7 3 .4 6
7 7 .5 0
7 7 .4 3
8 3 .6 3

7 0 .2 0
7 3 .9 2
7 8 .6 0
7 7 .7 8
8 2 .1 7

6 6 .8 9
7 1 .4 8
7 5 .3 1
7 6 .9 1
8 0 .2 8

6 5 .7 0
6 9 .6 4
7 4 .4 6
7 4 .7 4
7 8 .8 4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

8 3 .4 7
8 5 .6 5
8 8 .3 3
9 4 .1 3
9 6 .5 8

7 8 .3 2
8 0 .2 6
8 2 .1 9
8 5 .4 9
8 9 .2 4

7 9 .2 4
8 1 .9 4
7 8 .4 1
8 6 .5 3
8 8 .7 8

7 9 .1 8
8 2 .5 1
8 0 .7 8
8 9 .2 4
8 9 .7 6

8 1 .7 7
8 2 .7 5
8 3 .1 6
9 4 .2 9
9 6 .8 0

8 3 .5 1
8 5 .5 5
8 8 .2 4
9 5 .5 8
9 7 .8 9

8 6 .3 7
8 8 .2 6
9 0 .1 3
9 8 .1 9
9 9 .8 8

8 5 .8 1
8 8 .5 1
9 0 .3 7
9 7 .5 2
1 0 1 .0 1

8 5 .5 0
9 0 .3 5
9 2 .8 7
9 9 .5 5
1 0 1 .4 5

8 7 .5 5
9 0 .0 5
9 4 .3 9
9 6 .9 7
1 0 0 .5 8

8 7 .6 2
8 9 .0 0
9 4 .8 5
9 7 .1 8
1 0 1 .0 3

8 5 .0 6
8 4 .8 0
9 1 .9 4
9 3 .3 1
9 5 .8 7

8 3 .3 3
8 4 .2 2
8 7 .7 8
9 3 .7 4
9 2 .4 8

1961
1962
1963

1 0 0 .0 9
1 0 5 .4 3

9 3 .2 1
9 2 .5 9
1 0 0 .1 4

9 2 .3 5
9 5 .9 1
9 8 .7 7

9 2 .9 9
9 8 .9 8
1 0 2 .0 0

9 6 .1 0
1 0 2 .4 9
1 0 6 .5 6

1 0 0 .1 3
1 0 7 .3 8
1 1 0 .3 2

1 0 2 .6 0
1 0 7 .1 6

1 0 3 .0 5
1 1 0 .6 6

1 0 3 .9 7
1 1 2 .7 9

1 0 5 .0 8
1 1 3 .2 4

1 0 6 .0 2
1 1 0 .4 0

1 0 2 .1 0
1 0 6 .7 6

9 7 .6 3
9 8 .2 5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

1933
1934
1935

.4 0 2
.4 6 5
• 466

• 396
.4 4 7
• 460

.3 9 1
.4 4 5
• 456

.3 8 4
.4 4 7
.4 6 6

.3 7 6
.4 6 0
.4 7 0

• 365
• 466
• 466

.3 6 9
.4 7 1
.4 6 5

• 368
.4 7 6
.4 6 7

.3 9 7
.4 7 0
• 461

• 424
.4 6 9
• 462

.4 3 4
.4 7 3
• 463

.4 4 3
.4 6 9
.4 7 2

.4 5 2
.4 7 0
.4 7 8

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.4 6 6
.5 2 2
.5 3 2
.5 3 9
.5 5 7

• 465
.4 9 2
.5 4 5
• 538
.5 4 5

• 455
.4 9 5
.5 3 9
.5 4 5
.5 5 1

.4 4 9
.4 9 5
.5 2 7
.5 4 3
.5 4 9

.4 5 7
.5 1 6
.5 3 1
.5 4 3
.5 4 5

• 460
.5 2 0
.5 2 8
• 534
• 550

.4 6 3
.5 2 7
.5 2 4
• 538
.5 5 6

.4 6 7
.5 3 2
.5 3 1
.5 4 4
• 558

• 466
.5 3 0
.5 2 6
.5 3 5
.5 5 6

.4 6 7
.5 2 8
.5 2 4
.5 3 8
.5 5 6

.4 7 3
.5 4 3
.5 3 3
.5 3 2
.5 5 9

.4 7 3
.5 3 9
.5 4 3
.5 3 7
.5 7 3

.4 8 3
.5 4 7
.5 4 0
.5 4 8
.5 7 5

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.6 1 7
.7 0 2
.7 7 4
• 840
.8 6 9

.5 6 5
.6 7 0
.7 4 4
.8 1 1
.8 5 1

.5 7 1
.6 7 2
.7 4 0
• 812
.8 4 3

.5 7 7
.6 7 9
.7 5 1
.8 1 7
• 851

.5 8 8
.6 7 9
.7 6 1
• 831
.8 5 7

• 605
• 693
.7 7 0
.8 3 2
• 862

.6 2 2
• 683
.7 6 6
• 840
.8 6 2

.6 2 2
.6 9 5
.7 7 6
.8 5 4
.8 7 7

.6 2 8
.7 1 3
• 784
.8 4 4
• 868

.6 3 0
.7 2 3
.7 9 6
.8 5 4
.8 8 2

.6 4 6
.7 2 9
.7 9 5
• 864
• 884

.6 5 3
.7 3 5
.7 9 9
• 854
• 891

.6 5 4
.7 4 2
.7 9 9
• 867
• 890

i9 4 6
1947
1948
1949
1950

.9 7 4
1 .1 0 1
1 .2 1 8
1 .2 7 7
1 .3 3 4

.8 8 9
1 .0 4 5
1 .1 6 0
1 .2 6 1
1 .2 6 4

.8 9 5
1 .0 4 6
1 .1 6 9
1 .2 6 0
1 .2 8 7

.9 1 2
1 .0 5 3
1 .1 6 8
1 .2 5 5
1 .3 0 5

• 940
1 .0 7 0
1 .1 8 3
1 .2 7 6
1 .3 0 5

• 948
1 .0 7 7
1 .2 0 5
1 .2 8 7
1 .3 1 3

.9 7 4
1 .1 0 0
1 .2 0 6
1 .2 9 4
1 .3 1 9

.9 8 4
1 .1 0 4
1 .2 3 2
1 .2 8 2
1 .3 3 9

.9 9 6
1 .1 1 9
1 .2 4 8
1 .2 8 0
1 .3 3 9

1 .0 2 1
1 .1 2 9
1 .2 5 1
1 .2 8 6
1 .3 5 9

1 .0 2 6
1 . 140
1 .2 5 9
1 .2 8 1
1 .3 7 0

1 .0 2 4
1 .1 4 9
1 .2 6 0
1 .2 8 0
1 .3 8 2

1 .0 3 1
1 .1 4 8
1 .2 5 7
1 .2 7 3
1 .4 0 0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1 .4 6
1 .5 5
1 .6 7
1 .7 2
1 .7 8

1 .4 0
1 .5 0
1 .6 1
1 .7 0
1 .7 4

1 .4 2
1 .5 0
1 .6 1
1 .6 9
1 .7 4

1 .4 3
1 .5 1
1 .6 2
1 .7 0
1 .7 4

1 .4 3
1 .5 2
1 .6 3
1 .7 0
1 .7 5

1 .4 4
1 .5 2
1 .6 5
1 .7 2
1 .7 7

1 .4 5
1 .5 3
1 .6 5
1 .7 2
1 .7 9

1 .4 7
1 .5 4
1 .6 8
1 .7 4
1 .8 1

1 .4 7
1 .5 7
1 .7 0
1 .7 4
1 .8 1

1 .5 0
1 .5 9
1 .7 3
1 .7 4
1 .8 3

1 .5 0
1 .6 0
1 .7 2
1 .7 4
1 .8 1

1 .5 1
1 .6 1
1 .7 0
1 .7 4
1 .8 0

1 .5 0
1 .5 9
1 .7 0
1 .7 3
1 .8 0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1 .8 8
1 .9 6
2 .0 4
2 .1 2
2 .2 1

1 .8 3
1 .9 2
1 .9 9
2 .0 7
2 .1 4

1 .8 3
1 .9 1
1 .9 9
2 .0 8
2 .1 6

1 .8 5
1 .9 1
1 .9 8
2 .0 9
2 .2 0

1 .8 5
1 .9 2
1 .9 8
2 .1 0
2 .1 9

1 .8 6
1 .9 4
2 .0 1
2 .1 1
2 .1 9

1 .8 9
1 .9 7
2 .0 3
2 .1 3
2 .2 0

1 .8 9
1 .9 8
2 .0 4
2 .1 2
2 .2 2

1 .9 0
1 .9 9
2 .0 5
2 .1 5
2 .2 2

1 .9 2
2 .0 1
2 .0 7
2 .1 5
2 .2 4

1 .9 3
2 .0 0
2 .0 8
2 .1 5
2 .2 5

1 .9 2
2 .0 0
2 .0 8
2 .1 5
2 .2 4

1 .9 2
2 .0 1
2 .0 9
2 .1 6
2 .2 5

1961
1962
1963

2 .2 8
2 .3 8

2 .2 3
2 .3 5
2 .3 9

2 .2 2
2 .3 0
2 .3 8

2 .2 3
2 .3 4
2 .4 0

2 .2 4
2 .3 4
2 .4 0

2 .2 5
2 .3 6
2 .4 3

2 .2 7
2 .3 5

2 .2 9
2 .3 9

2 .2 9
2 .4 1

2 .3 3
2 .4 3

2 .3 2
2 .4 0

2 .3 1
2 .4 1

2 .3 3
2 .4 2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

1933
1934
1935

3 6 .1
3 3 .1
3 4 .7

3 4 .4
3 0 .7
3 0 .4

3 4 .3
3 1 .0
3 2 .2

3 4 .8
3 3 .3
3 2 .6

3 6 .2
3 4 .0
3 3 .3

3 8 .7
3 5 .8
3 3 .7

4 0 .7
3 5 .6
3 4 .2

4 1 .3
3 3 .8
3 5 .0

3 8 .3
3 3 .5
3 7 .3

3 4 .2
3 2 .8
3 7 .1

3 4 .7
33^2
3 8 .5

3 2 .3
3 2 .1
3 5 .4

3 1 .1
2 9 .5
3 5 .2

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

4 1 .2
4 1 .4
3 8 .4
3 9 .0
3 9 .1

3 3 .5
3 8 .1
3 3 .1
3 5 .9
3 4 .2

3 4 .5
4 0 .1
3 4 .8
3 5 .2
3 5 .4

3 9 .0
4 1 .8
3 6 .4
3 7 .3
3 6 .7

3 9 .1
4 2 .9
3 7 .6
3 7 *7
3 6 .2

4 3 .0
4 3 .7
4 0 .8
3 9 .8
4 0 .1

4 3 .3
4 4 .2
4 0 .2
3 9 .9
4 0 .0

4 2 .3
4 2 .1
3 9 .0
3 8 .8
3 9 .5

4 3 .4
4 4 .1
4 1 .0
4 0 .3
4 0 .7

4 2 .5
4 1 .9
4 0 .4
4 0 .2
4 1 .6

4 3 .6
4 2 .4
4 0 .7
4 2 .1
4 1 .9

4 2 .7
3 8 .7
3 7 .9
3 9 .9
3 8 .7

4 1 .0
3 4 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .3
3 9 .8




23

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

QUARRYING AND NONMETALLIC MINING - SIC 14— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

41.6
43.5
45.8
46.1
46.4

38.0
39.0
44.1
43.4
44.4

38.7
41.4
44.2
43.8
45.3

38.7
42.1
43.6
45.2
46.3

40.5
42.4
45.8
45.4
47.8

42.3
43.5
46.2
47.2
47.0

42.6
44.4
47.1
47.5
48.0

41.8
44.5
46.1
46.1
47*8

43.5
44.5
47.5
47.7
46.4

43.4
44.5
46.2
46.6
46.3

43.8
45.5
47.5
48.7
47.0

41.9
45.4
46.3
46.6
45.9

41.7
43.6
45.3
44.7
44.0

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

45.2
44.8
44.3
43.1
43.8

43.1
42.9
42.7
42.5
41.2

43.9
42.7
42.1
42.1
41.2

44.9
43.3
43.4
42.3
41.4

46.1
44.7
43.9
43.1
43.4

44.1
45.7
44.8
44.1
44.2

45.5
45.4
44.9
43.6
44.7

45.2
45.2
44.6
43.2
44.4

46.3
45.8
45.9
44.1
45.0

45.9
45.8
44.8
43.0
44.9

45.9
46.3
45.5
44.0
45.6

45.2
44.8
44.2
42.5
44.7

45.6
44.5
44.1
42.2
43.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

44.8
44.8
44.5
43.8
44.3

43.1
43.5
42.6
40.8
42.2

41.8
44.1
43.0
42.7
41.4

43.4
43.6
43.9
42.7
43.4

44.8
44.6
44.6
43.2
43.7

45.5
45.5
45.0
44.3
45.1

45.5
45.6
45.5
44.7
45.1

45.6
44.7
45.2
45.0
45.2

46.1
45.6
45.7
44.9
45.6

45.9
46.2
44.8
44.5
45.7

46.8
46.2
45.7
44.7
45.4

44.3
44.4
44.3
44.2
44.6

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.2
43.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

44.4
43.7
43.3
44.4
43.7

42.8
41.8
41.3
41.3
41.7

43.3
42.9
39.4
41.6
41.1

42.8
43.2
40.8
42.7
40.8

44.2
43.1
42.0
44.9
44.2

44.9
44.1
43.9
45.3
44.7

45.7
44.8
44.4
46.1
45.4

45.4
44.7
44.3
46.0
45.5

45.0
45.4
45.3
46.3
45.7

45.6
44.8
45.6
45.1
44.9

45.4
44.5
45.6
45.2
44.9

44.3
42.4
44.2
43.4
42.8

43.4
41.9
42.0
43.4
41.1

1961
1962
1963

43.9
44.3

41.8
39.4
41.9

41.6
41.7
41.5

41.7
42.3
42.5

42.9
43.8
44.4

44.5
45.5
45.4

45.2
45.6

45.0
46.3

45.4
46.8

45.1
46.6

45.7
46.0

44.2
44.3

41.9
40.6




24

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

C O N T R A C T CO N STR U CTIO N
ALL

EMPLOYEES

-

IN T H O U S A N D S

1919
1920

1,021
848

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

1,012
1,185
1,229
1,321
1,446

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

1,555
1,608
1,606
1,497
1,372

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

1,214
970
809
862
912

1936
1937
1 938
193 9
1940

1,145
1 ,112
1 ,055
1,150
1,294

927
904

916
930

1,035
1,015

1,132
1,146

1,234
1,260

1,272
1,300

1,285
1,342

1,312
1,371

1,285
1,469

1,234
1,550

1,161
1,607

1,010
1,629

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

1,790
2,170
1,567
1,094
1 ,132

1,606
1,675
1,835
1,114
950

1,567
1,649
1,780
1,068
959

1,532
1,834
1,764
1,061
1,002

1,644
2,040
1,741
1,075
It 053

1,738
2,222
1,694
1,109
1,093

1,803
2,403
1,669
1,147
1,147

1,956
2,565
1,580
1,153
1,187

2,014
2,577
1,524
1,157
1,232

2,035
2,530
1,451
1,125
1,232

1,969
2,370
1,343
1,092
1,252

1,879
2,212
1,272
1,057
1,266

1,734
1,957
1,147
969
1,215

194 6
1947
1948
1949
1950

1 ,661
1 , 982
2,169
2,165
2,333

1,220
1,702
1,930
2,022
1,929

1,251
1,681
1,793
1,931
1,870

1,375
1,727
1,879
1,953
1,916

1,528
1,842
2,021
2,043
2,086

1,617
1,936
2,158
2,145
2,258

1,701
2,084
2,293
2,215
2,430

1,802
2,130
2,353
2,287
2,549

1,887
2,194
2,389
2,351
2,648

1,923
2,193
2,375
2,351
2,646

1,910
2,166
2,340
2,324
2,653

1,887
2,102
2,294
2,257
2,592

1,826
2,031
2,206
2,098
2,422

1 951
195 2
195 3
1954
1955

2,603
2,634
2,623
2,612
2,802

2,299
2,365
2,382
2,288
2,389

2,244
2,362
2,362
2,295
2,345

2,338
2,355
2,388
2,351
2,464

2,489
2,483
2,506
2,497
2,657

2,622
2,597
2,600
2,606
2,838

2,717
2,751
2,702
2,721
2,979

2,791
2,818
2,769
2,793
3,074

2,852
2,886
2,830
2,851
3, 115

2,814
2,870
2,836
2,830
3,099

2,812
2,807
2,820
2,792
3,021

2,684
2,729
2,720
2,738
2,908

2,568
2,579
2,567
2,578
2,731

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2,999
2,923
2,778
2,960
2,885

2,539
2,595
2,520
2,573
2,584

2,529
2,583
2,295
2,456
2,518

2,603
2,657
2,419
2,562
2,428

2,804
2,811
2,583
2,835
2,755

3,012
2,975
2,759
3,024
2,961

3,274
3,118
2,884
3,191
3,100

3,269
3,168
2,974
3,258
3,192

3,361
3,199
3,061
3,323
3, 224

3,317
3,165
3,071
3,246
3,159

3,242
3,107
3,067
3, 165
3, 114

3,112
2,952
2,991
3,032
2,947

2,926
2,750
2,715
2,850
2,637

1961
1962
1963

2,816
2,909

2,460
2,426
2,584

2,339
2,418
2,470

2,457
2,480
2,556

2*637
2,771
2,846

2,805
2,963
3,049

3,015
3,071

3,081
3,232

3,157
3,288

3,114
3,235

3,087
3,195

2,942
3,057

2,702
2,776

M O N T H L Y DATA N OT A V A ILA B LE

CONSTRUCTION WORKERS -

IN T H O U S A N D S

1947
1948
1949
1950

1,759
1,924
1,919
2,069

1,499
1,697
1,777
1,695

1,473
1,569
1,689
1,637

1,516
1,647
1,713
1,680

1,631
1,790
1,808
1,846

1,721
1,916
1,907
2,006

1,858
2,045
1,974
2,164

1,903
2,099
2,043
2,274

1,960
2,137
2,099
2,364

1,960
2,120
2,099
2,363

1,931
2,087
2,072
2,365

1,865
2,035
2,001
2,300

1,791
1,945
1,849
2,135

195L
1952
1953
1954
1955

2,308
2,324
2,305
2,281
2,440

2,021
2,069
2.067
1,972
2,041

1,965
2,069
2,047
1,985
1,999

2,053
2,059
2,075
2,036
2,117

2,204
2,179
2,188
2,176
2,302

2,329
2,291
2,282
2,279
2,481

2,420
2,441
2,383
2,389
2,607

2,491
2,501
2,446
2,456
2,703

2, 548
2,567
2,503
2,508
2,744

2,512
2,551
2,517
2,489
2,729

2,508
2,488
2,499
2,451
2,652

2,380
2,409
2,404
2,395
2,538

2,264
2,266
2,251
2,240
2,365

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2,613
2,537
2,384
2,538
2,459

2,173
2,216
2,132
2,162
2,161

2,161
2,211
1,914
2,045
2,097

2,235
2,281
2,042
2,150
2,006

2,428
2,432
2,202
2,419
2,330

2,629
2,591
2,377
2,605
2,535

2,872
2,727
2,493
2,764
2,669

2,867
2,773
2,576
2,830
2,759

2,963
2,803
2,659
2,894
2,795

2,915
2,776
2,666
2,821
2,732

2,846
2,714
2,660
2,738
2,688

2,725
2,562
2,580
2,606
2,522

2,538
2,364
2,303
2,425
2,217

1961
1962
1963

2,390
2,468

2,044
1,997
2,142

1,925
1,992
2,029

2,043
2,051
2,114

2,216
2,335
2,398

2,378
2,520
2,600

2,585
2,624

2,650
2,781

2,722
2,837

2,679
2,788

2,655
2,746

2,510
2,611

2,270
2,331




25

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual ,
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION— CONTINUED
CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

58.87
65.27
67.56
69.68

55.59
61.81
66i97
64.89

54.94
61.73
66.95
63.24

56.79
62.38
66.34
64.85

56.40
63.07
66.80
67.05

57.80
63.47
68.51
68.70

58.18
65.94
68.31
69.64

59.14
66.66
68.31
69.73

60.18
67.22
68.86
71.56

61.03
67.74
67.56
71.48

61.89
67.30
68.72
73.42

59.95
65.55
66.82
73.23

62.51
68.53
66.69
72.86

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

76.96
82.86
86.41
88.91
90.90

73.11
79.63
83.40
82.11
86.51

71.08
80.85
84.07
87.82
86.02

72.44
78.70
83.93
88.16
88.69

74.63
80.22
84.00
87.79
87.36

77.00
80.70
85.73
89.11
90.62

77.39
82.18
86.91
90.15
91.23

78.98
83.13
86.71
90.15
93.45

79.58
84.53
88.85
90.68
92.61

80.16
86.80
86.07
88.56
95.34

81.16
87.56
90.79
90.38
93.00

76.96
8 3.32
87.89
88.69
88.89

79.25
86.14
87.32
88.94
92.25

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

96.38
100.27
103.78
108.41
113.04

90.11
92.92
101.16
104.11
106.96

91.84
99.06
94.75
100.92
106.40

89.56
97.89
100.60
103.61
107.88

92.74
98.52
101.28
107.14
112.04

94.50
100.34
104.35
108.58
112.11

97.79
101.95
103.69
110.69
113.93

97.67
102.87
105.09
110.58
116.89

99.33
104.72
107.06
113.10
117.35

100.62
104.60
108.02
109.59
117.25

101.13
103.78
108.87
111.53
118.87

96.78
96.95
104.03
107.04
111.03

98.05
99.60
103.31
110.77
108.73

1961
1962
1963

118.08
122.47

115.75
111.56
121.07

114.75
113.72
118.33

112.77
118.41
122.72

113.13
120.74
124.58

116.29
123.83
128.06

119.51
121.88

120.14
126.01

122.43
127.71

120.80
128.64

123.39
127.25

118.63
121.61

115.17
118.67

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.541
1.713
1.792
1.863

1.463
1.644
1.781
1.828

1.465
1.673
1.795
1.833

1.479
1.668
1.793
1.837

1.496
1.673
1.791
1.822

1.513
1.679
1.784
1.832

1.515
1.695
1.779
1.823

1.532
1.718
1.779
1.835

1.551
1.728
1.784
1.849

1.577
1.746
1.792
1.891

1.595
1.748
1.799
1.902

1.616
1.762
1.806
1.917

1.632
1.780
1.827
1.948

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

2.02
2.13
2.28
2.39
2.45

1.96
2.09
2.23
2.38
2.43

1.98
2.10
2.23
2.38
2.43

1.99
2.11
2.25
2.37
2.41

1.99
2.10
2.24
2.36
2.42

2.00
2.08
2.25
2.37
2.41

2.01
2.07
2.24
2.36
2.42

2.02
2.11
2.27
2.36
2.44

2.03
2.14
2.29
2.38
2.45

2.05
2.17
2.32
2.40
2.47

2.06
2.20
2.34
2.41
2.48

2.08
2.21
2.35
2.41
2.49

2.08
2.22
2.36
2.43
2.50

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.57
2.71
2.82
2.93
3.08

2.51
2.67
2.81
2.90
3.03

2.53
2.67
2.82
2.90
3.04

2.53
2.66
2.81
2.87
3.10

2.52
2.67
2.79
2.88
3.02

2.52
2.69
2.79
2.88
3.03

2.54
2.69
2.78
2.89
3.03

2.55
2.70
2.81
2.91
3.06

2.58
2.72
2.81
2.93
3.08

2.60
2.76
2.85
2.97
3.11

2.62
2.76
2.85
2.99
3.12

2.63
2.77
2.85
2.99
3.11

2.65
2.79
2.91
3.01
3.17

1961
1962
1963

3.20
3.31

3.18
3.34
3.42

3.17
3.24
3.41

3.15
3.28
3.39

3.16
3.29
3.34

3.16
3.25
3.37

3.17
3.25

3.17
3.29

3.18
3.30

3.23
3.35

3.23
3.34

3.25
3.35

3.30
3.41

1947
1948
1949
1950

38.2
38.1
37.7
37.4

38.0
37.6
37.6
35.5

37.5
36.9
37.3
34.5

38.4
37.4
37.0
35.3

37.7
37.7
37.3
36.8

38.2
37.8
38.4
37.5

38.4
38.9
38.4
38.2

38.6
38.8
38.4
38.0

38.8
38.9
38.6
38.7

38.7
38.8
37.7
37.8

38.8
38.5
38.2
38.6

37.1
37.2
37.0
38.2

38.3
38.5
36.5
37.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

38.1
38.9
37.9
37.2
37.1

37.3
38.1
37.4
34.5
35.6

35.9
38.5
37.7
36.9
35.4

36.4
37.3
37.3
37.2
36.8

37.5
38.2
37.5
37.2
36.1

38.5
38.8
38.1
37.6
37.6

38.5
39.7
38.8
38.2
37.7

39.1
39.4
38.2
38.2
38.3

39.2
39.5
38.8
38.1
37.8

39.1
40.0
37.1
36.9
38.6

39.4
39.8
38.8
37.5
37.5

37.0
37.7
37.4
36.8
35.7

38.1
38.8
37.0
36.6
36.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

37.5
37.0
36.8
37.0
36.7

35.9
34.8
36.0
35.9
35.3

36.3
37.1
33.6
34.8
35.0

35.4
36.8
35.8
36.1
34.8

36.8
36.9
36.3
37.2
37.1

37.5
37.3
37.4
37.7
37.0

38.5
37.9
37.3
38.3
37.6

38.3
38.1
37.4
38.0
38.2

38.5
38.5
38.1
38.6
38.1

38.7
37.9
37.9
36.9
37.7

38.6
37.6
38.2
37.3
38.1

36.8
35.0
36.5
35.8
35.7

37.0
35.7
35.5
36.8
34.3

1961
1962
1963

36.9
37.0

36.4
33.4
35.4

36.2
35.1
34.7

35.8
36.1
36.2

35.8
36.7
37.3

36.8
38.1
38.0

37.7
37.5

37.9
38.3

38.5
38.7

37.4
38.4

38.2
38.1

36.5
36.3

34.9
34.8

CONSTRUCTION--WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

*

GENERAL b u i l d i n g CONTRACTORS - SIC 15

all

EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1945

397

325

337

354

371

379

399

413

426

426

439

451

442

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

663
762
837
809
875

465
684
756
775
720

485
667
698
733
697

544
675
735
738
709

612
709
787
764
768

642
735
834
795
839

660
793
888
821
908

720
810
904
850
955

760
831
917
870
996

778
832
905
865
998

770
821
891
860
999

761
804
876
843
986

735
787
851
794
927




26

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Y«or

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Saptambar

Octabar

Novambar

Dacambar

GENERAL BUILDING CONTRACTORS - SIC 15— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
991.4
983.2
969.2
937.1
997.2

882.7
891.2
890.6
819.0
854.0

845.8
894.0
880.6
821.5
834.2

895.2
890.4
893.2
842.5
891.2

1956 1*074.6
1957
986.8
893.6
1958
1959
959.0
1960
908.4

903.9
925.6
829.8
850.3
831.7

896.0
907.9
749.3
801.6
803.8

926.0 1*004.6 1*065.0 1*176.0 1*183.3
976.0 1*013.5 1*045.8 1*082.8
926.4
885.0
793.9
834.2
917.2
944.2
923.0
980.8 1*039.7 1*055.1
833.0
938.5
980.8 1*010.4
756.6
880.4

1961
1962
1963

772.7
757.3
781.2

727.2
759.7
741.7

765.3
767.0
768.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

874.9
881.1

946.4
998.6
925.6
963.3
934.0
961.9
898.0
934.4
950.4 1*004.1

817.5
857.0
864.0

864.6
892.8
916.0

1*040.1
1*031.3
1*000.4
978.6
1*057.6

932.0
923.6

1*065.8
1*057.0
1*027.6
1*007.0
1*101.1

954.9
971.2

1*089.4
1*076.2
1*047.8
1*022.7
1*114.8

1*073.5
1*060.6
1,044.7
1,012.3
1,091.6

1,075.1 1,013.8
1,035.4 1*014.1
988.9
1*028.3
1*000.5
982.1
1*061.3 1*031.6

970.6
959.8
932.1
926.8
974.9

1*225.6 1*195.4 1*159.7 1,109.7 1,050.1
1*066.0 1*032.6 1*004.9
961.5
898.5
968.5
971.5
980.7
973.4
875.7
1*073.5 1*043.0 1,015.1
971.9
920.4
1*010.8
980.7
959.4
918.9
828.2
981.8
98 5.7

960.7
959.0

956.0
944.9

915.2
916.7

850.5
837.8

CONSTRUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

689
756
731
791

616
680
698
648

597
625
656
623

606
659
662
636

640
710
689
693

665
754
721
760

717
805
744
822

736
821
773
867

755
834
790
905

755
821
785
905

746
809
781
907

726
791
761
890

706
763
712
833

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

895.8
882.3
863.3
832.0
880.1

794.4
795.0
785.5
718.3
743.0

757.0
801.0
775.8
725.4
722.4

803.0
796.0
789.6
743.1
778.9

854.6
828.4
827.5
794.7
835.4

903.7
864.1
856.1
827.9
890.6

942.3
931.3
892.4
871.9
933.9

967.7
954. 5
917.6
900.3
980.0

990.3
971.8
937.8
913.3
992.2

973.7
955.6
939.2
903.0
969.3

976.2
929.8
921.4
891.4
942.4

915.5
906.6
885.1
874.1
913.0

870.6
853.3
831.4
820.2
859.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

950.4
866.2
775.2
834.4
785.4

788.2
803.4
711.9
726.7
707.8

779.5
791.7
634.6
678.1
680.6

810.3
809.7
680.3
710.0
634.4

883.0
856.9
718.3
799.4
758.6

941.5 1*045.5 1,053.1 1*093.2 1,063.9 1*033.3
892.9
922.4
956.1
910.8
940.2
884.3
769.9
800.7
825.2
848.4
851.0
859.1
912.4
856.5
946.8
918.1
929.2
890.7
856.3
815.3
885.6
886.6
858.2
836.4

988.7
843.2
850.8
847.9
797.1

925.1
782.6
752.2
796.9
707.8

1961
1962
1963

752.6
754.9

653.1
632.6
653.3

608.7
635.7
613.9

646.8
642.7
641.5

697.1
732.1
735.4

743.2
767.3
787.7

831.7
817.3

790.1
789.1

72 5.9
710.0

1947
1948
1949
1950

55.54
61.86
64.17
65.81

52.76
58.04
63.97
60.81

51.26
58.00
63.96
58.94

54.21
58.84
63.83
61.04

52.67
59.13
63.93
63.08

54.13
60.41
65.38
64.90

54.65
62.63
64.80
65.36

56.06
63.51
64.33
65.76

57.27
63.94
65.01
67.77

57.21
64.13
63.82
67.63

58.19
63.69
64.96
69.53

56.48
62.11
63.36
69.75

58.72
65.61
63.12
68.57

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

71.76
79.34
83.69
85.54
86.40

69.33
75.22
82.51
78.54
84.83

65.66
76.20
82.94
85.05
81.98

66.97
73.20
82.13
86.44
85.32

69.87
77.18
83.00
85.61
83.66

71.97
76.23
83.66
85.74
86.38

71.97
78.61
84.75
86.07
86.27

73.13
80.38
83.47
85.61
88.06

73.52
80.77
85.57
87.56
88.32

74.45
82.32
82.13
85.20
89.65

76.23
83.74
86.49
87.71
87.72

72.80
81.37
84.50
85.80
84.28

74.82
84.50
83.95
87.00
87.96

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

90.86
94.78
96.92
100.32
103.72

84.77
85.99
96.02
97.09
99.71

86.24
94.38
87.63
95.14
98.60

84. 04
91.85
95.74
97.23
98.31

88.07
93.34
95.58
99.72
103.68

89.78
94.84
97.56
100.55
104.11

92.13
96.42
97.11
101.94
104.26

92.25
97.42
97.92
101.00
107.09

93.74
99.11
99.46
103.41
106.95

94.74
98.09
99.00
101.82
106.26

95.49
98.09
100.65
103.10
108.11

92.11
91.19
97.98
98.44
102.76

92.36
93.50
94.64
103.03
99.33

1961
1962
1963

108.83
112.50

107.46
102.08
111.11

106.50
106.30
108.85

103.70
109.55
113.34

105.05
111.78
115.84

108.78
114.14
117.85

109.56
111.91

110.23
115.92

111.74
116.92

109.85
117.81

112.98
117.12

110.05
113.34

106.13
108.55

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.501
1.681
1.763
1.823

1.422
1.599
1.743
1.778

1.420
1.620
1.762
1.786

1.434
1.612
1.773
1.790

1.451
1.629
1.771
1.777

1.475
1.655
1.767
1.788

1.485
1.670
1.756
1.776

1.495
1.698
1.748
1.787

1.511
1.705
1.757
1.812

1.542
1.724
1.763
1.858

1.560
1.726
1.770
1.869

1.582
1.735
1.765
1.885

1.587
1.745
1.788
1.910

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.95
2.05
2.22
2.35
2.40

1.91
1.99
2.16
2.31
2.41

1.92
2.00
2.16
2.33
2.39

1.93
2.00
2.19
2.33
2.37

1.93
2.01
2.19
2.32
2.37

1.94
1.98
2.19
2.33
2.36

1.94
1.98
2.19
2.32
2.37

1.95
2.04
2.22
2.32
2.38

1.95
2.05
2.24
2.36
2.40

1.98
2.10
2.25
2.38
2.41

1.98
2.12
2.27
2.39
2.43

2.00
2.13
2.29
2.39
2.45

1.99
2.15
2.30
2.41
2.45

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.51
2.64
2.73
2.81
2.93

2.45
2.59
2.72
2.79
2.89

2.45
2.60
2.73
2.79
2.90

2.45
2.58
2.72
2.77
2.97

2.46
2.60
2.70
2.77
2.88

2.48
2.62
2.71
2.77
2.90

2.49
2.62
2.69
2.77
2.88

2.50
2.64
2.72
2.79
2.91

2.52
2.65

2*71

2.81
2.93

2.54
2.68
2.75
2.86
2.96

2.56
2.68
2.75
2.88
2.97

2.58
2.69
2.76
2.87
2.97

2.58
2.71
2*80
2.87
3.01

1961
1962
1963

3.04
3.16

3.01
3.18
3.23

3.00
3.09
3.23

2*98
3.13
3.22

3.01
3.14
3.20

3.03
3.11
3.22

3.01
3.10

3.02
3.15

3.02
3.16

3.06
3.21

3.07
3.20

3.10
3.22

3.14
3.25

808.5
796.9

832.0
844.1

857.7
858.4

836.8
832.5

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




27

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

GENERAL BUILDING CONTRACTORS - SIC 15— CONTINUED
CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

37.0
36.8
36.4
36.1

37.1
36.3
36.7
34.2

36.1
35.8
36.3
33.0

37.8
36.5
36.0
34.1

36.3
36.3
36.1
35.5

36.7
36.5
37.0
36.3

36.8
37.5
36.9
36.8

37.5
37.4
36.8
36.8

37.9
37.5
37.0
37.4

37.1
37.2
36.2
36.4

37.3
36.9
36.7
37.2

35.7
35.8
35.9
37.0

37.0
37.6
35.3
35.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

36.8
38.7
37.7
36.4
36.0

36.3
37.8
38.2
34.0
35.2

34.2
38.1
38.4
36.5
34.3

34.7
36.6
37.5
37.1
36.0

36.2
38.4
37.9
36.9
35.3

37.1
38.5
38.2
36.8
36.6

37.1
39.7
38.7
37.1
36.4

37.5
39.4
37.6
36.9
37.0

37.7
39.4
38.2
37.1
36.8

37.6
39.2
36.5
35.8
37.2

38.5
39.5
38.1
36.7
36.1

36.4
38.2
36.9
35.9
34.4

37.6
39.3
36.5
36.1
35.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

36.2
35.9
35.5
35.7
35.4

34.6
33.2
35.3
34.8
34.5

35.2
36.3
32.1
34.1
34.0

34.3
35.6
35.2
35.1
33.1

35.8
35.9
35.4
36.0
36.0

36.2
36.2
36.0
36.3
35.9

37.0
36.8
36.1
36.8
36.2

36.9
36.9
36.0
36.2
36.8

37.2
37.4
36.7
36.8
36.5

37.3
36.6
36.0
35.6
35.9

37.3
36.6
36.6
35.8
36.4

35.7
33.9
35.5
34.3
34.6

35.8
34.5
33.8
35.9
33.0

1961
1962
1963

35.8
35.6

35.7
32.1
34.4

35.5
34.4
33.7

34.8
35.0
35.2

34.9
35.6
36.2

35.9
36.7
36.6

36.4
36.1

36.5
36.8

37.0
37.0

35.9
36.7

36.8
36.6

35.5
35.2

33.8
33.4

HEAVY CONSTRUCTION - SIC 16
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1945

223

185

186

192

207

220

234

243

255

254

248

240

212

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

284
363
389
401
419

186
264
309
322
304

187
264
276
308
290

209
278
294
327
305

244
321
344
373
362

275
364
393
417
414

299
408
430
441
463

330
425
449
458
488

352
442
461
474
516

354
435
458
471
509

344
420
447
449
503

326
385
424
419
475

301
345
378
352
401

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

461.6
481.4
480.1
471.0
483.8

357.9
374.1
388.3
374.9
363.8

346.4
379.8
390.5
380.0
354.2

368.5
384.2
397.9
400.5
375.3

433.3
441.2
443.5
448.5
434.3

480.6
489.3
485.3
495.9
493.3

513.1
526.8
515.6
523.6
534.^

530.5
542.2
530.1
535.7
562.6

543.8
569.8
557.1
545.2
572.1

530.5
565.1
553.2
531.3
575.2

522.8
551.6
548.2
514.9
559.2

476.6
507.1
504.5
485.7
524.4

434.9
445.6
447.4
416.0
456.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

556.7
576.0
564.6
586.5
585.7

399.6
449.6
457.4
438.7
439.9

401.3
442.5
400.9
416.2
435.1

431.8
460.1
432.4
458.7
425.2

499.9
522.5
503.0
551.8
525.8

588.1
600.9
580.8
625.6
617.7

664.1
644.3
625.3
676.3
672.4

647.7
663.5
646.7
697.4
698.0

660.1
679.9
670.4
710.1
713.1

652.2
672.4
677.4
683.0
695.5

632.6
656.3
660.0
657.6
685.1

583.7
596.7
612.3
602.6
619.0

519.4
523.2
508.9
519.9
501.9

1961
1962
1963

583.3
593.8

447.7
430.5
448.4

423.0
429.3
420.7

454.8
455.3
451.0

526.5
544.6
551.0

602.2
631.5
635.7

668.2
660.2

685.9
716.3

700.0
727.1

694.9
709.1

678.0
690.0

613.3
620.3

505.2
511.4

CONSTRUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

321
343
354
370

229
268
278
262

227
236
264
249

238
253
283
263

282
302
327
317

324
349
371
368

366
385
394
413

381
400
410
436

397
414
425
461

391
410
422
456

374
398
400
448

340
374
370
419

300
329
306
347

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

407.0
423.6
426.7
418.7
429.7

309.6
319.5
334.7
322.8
311.8

296.9
324.3
336.6
327.2
303.2

318.4
327.7
344.2
346.8
324.3

379.6
382.1
388.1
396.0
382.6

426.3
431.6
430.0
444.3
440.0

457.2
468.7
462.0
470.2
482.4

472.7
482.0
477.6
483.2
507.5

486.2
510.0
504.2
491.8
517.2

474.3
504.1
500.1
479.8
521.1

465.3
491.5
496.1
464.4
503.3

419.4
449.3
453.0
432.3
465.1

377.5
392.1
394.2
366.1
397.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

493.4
512.9
498.1
516.8
511.5

343.3
388.0
390.0
371.9
370.2

343.1
382.3
335.0
349.1
364.9

372.2
398.9
368.0
391.5
354.1

437.9
460.8
438.0
482.4
453.5

524.0
537.8
516.3
555.9
545.0

596.4
583.7
559.2
606.1
596.6

580.3
600.5
579.5
626.4
621.0

596.7
617.3
602.8
638.4
635.8

585.0
609.2
609.4
612.8
617.7

565.5
590.7
592.7
586.7
608.9

520.7
529.9
544.4
531.2
543.5

456.0
455.7
442.3
449.1
427.0

1961
1962
1963

505.7
515.3

374.4
353.4
372.8

348.9
354.8
346.2

380.7
378.2
376.1

450.1
466.3
474.0

521.7
552.5
558.6

589.6
580.3

607.3
635.1

619.8
645.2

615.0
629.5

598.8
611.1

535.2
542.7

427.0
434.6

58.32
66.63
68.93
73.53

55.74
61.86
66.28
71.42

56.84
65.97
64.47
71.57

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

55.20
63.24
66.59
69.54




51.14
57.26
63.95
62.10

51.91
58.63
64.44
63.41

52.32
59.83
63.72
64.72

52.72
60.89
64.88
67.61

54.38
60.29
67.59
67.89

54.34
63.75
67.62
69.84

55.84
64.65
68.40
69.80

56.72
65.64
68.72
72.42

57.65
66. 77
66.99
71.84

28

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

H E A VY C O N S TR U C TIO N - S IC 1 6 — C O N T IN U E D
C O N S TR U C TIO N -W O R K E R AVERAG E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S - I N D O LLA R S — C O N T IN U E D
1951
1952
1953
195*
1955

7 6 .8 9
8 2 .6 0
8 5 .2 4
8 7 .8 5
9 0 .0 9

7 0 .7 1
7 7 .4 2
7 9 .5 2
7 9 .4 2
8 0 .4 4

6 8 .4 2
7 8 .5 9
8 0 .7 3
8 6 .5 8
8 3 .4 4

7 0 .2 5
7 5 .6 6
7 9 .8 7
8 5 .1 7
8 6 .5 5

7 4 .3 4
7 8 .2 0
8 0 .5 5
8 4 .7 1
8 4 .6 4

7 7 .1 0
8 0 .1 2
8 3 .0 1
8 8 .7 3
8 9 .2 8

7 7 .4 2
8 2 .4 9
8 6 .7 3
9 1 .1 4
9 1 .0 5

8 0 .4 1
8 2 .1 2
8 7 .7 8
9 2 .0 1
9 4 .1 1

8 0 .8 9
8 5 .2 2
9 0 .7 4
9 1 .5 6
9 4 .0 5

8 0 .2 2
8 9 .1 5
8 6 .0 0
8 7 .6 0
9 6 .9 5

8 2 .4 1
8 9 .4 2
9 2 .2 1
8 8 .7 0
9 4 .2 1

7 5 .2 7
8 0 .5 5
8 6 .1 1
8 8 .8 8
8 7 .8 5

7 5 .2 7
8 2 .8 1
8 5 .0 6
8 4 .7 0
9 0 .2 9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

9 6 .1 2
9 9 .3 5
1 0 5 .5 6
1 0 9 .3 4
1 1 5 .3 0

8 8 .0 1
8 9 .6 5
9 8 .3 0
1 0 1 .0 1
1 0 2 .1 0

8 9 .2 4
9 5 .9 2
9 2 .0 1
9 5 .9 4
1 0 4 .1 2

8 6 .8 6
9 5 .2 0
9 7 .1 5
1 0 3 .2 0
1 0 9 .8 0

9 0 .0 0
9 5 .6 5
9 9 .5 8
1 0 6 .3 7
1 1 2 .6 1

9 3 .6 1
9 8 .3 1
1 0 6 .8 1
1 0 8 .6 2
1 1 2 .4 6

9 9 .2 2
1 0 0 .7 8
1 0 4 .8 1
1 1 4 .2 8
1 1 6 .0 6

9 9 .8 8
1 0 4 .7 5
1 0 6 .3 0
1 1 4 .4 4
1 2 0 .2 7

1 0 0 .7 3
1 0 6 .3 4
1 1 0 .7 6
1 1 7 .6 1
1 2 2 .5 4

1 0 2 .5 3
1 0 4 .3 0
1 1 2 .9 9
1 0 9 .7 5
1 2 2 .3 8

1 0 2 .4 3
1 0 3 .3 8
1 1 5 .0 1
1 1 2 .4 6
1 2 4 .3 9

9 5 .5 2
9 3 .5 9
1 0 4 .5 2
1 0 5 .8 1
1 1 1 .3 6

9 4 .7 1
9 7 .1 6
1 0 1 .6 4
1 0 8 .2 3
1 0 8 .6 2

1961
1962
1963

1 2 0 .0 9
1 2 2 .3 1

1 1 5 .4 4
1 0 6 .7 3
1 1 5 .8 2

1 1 3 .6 8
1 1 0 .7 8
1 1 0 .7 0

1 1 2 .0 3
1 1 6 .7 2
1 1 7 .3 0

1 1 1 .4 5
1 1 8 .5 9
1 2 2 .3 6

1 1 7 .3 1
1 2 5 .1 6
1 2 6 .9 6

1 2 3 .0 7
1 2 3 .0 7

1 2 3 .9 7
1 2 8 .4 7

1 2 8 .5 7
1 3 1 .6 3

1 2 3 .4 2
1 3 0 .1 7

1 2 8 .4 7
1 2 7 .9 8

1 1 8 .5 6
1 1 8 .9 9

1 1 3 .0 9
1 1 2 .0 0

1947
1948
1949
1950

1 .3 8 0
1 .5 5 0
1 .6 2 8
1 .6 9 6

1 .2 9 8
1 .4 9 9
1 .6 1 5
1 .6 5 6

1 .2 8 8
1 .5 4 7
1 .6 1 9
1 .6 7 3

1 .3 1 8
1 .5 3 8
1 .6 0 9
1 .6 6 8

1 .3 3 8
1 .5 1 1
1 .6 1 4
1 .6 4 9

1 .3 5 6
1 *5 1 1
1 .6 1 7
1 .6 6 4

1 .3 4 5
1 .5 2 5
1 .6 1 0
1 .6 5 9

1 .3 7 2
1 .5 4 3
1 .6 1 7
1 *6 7 8

1 .3 9 7
1 .5 4 8
1 .6 1 7
1 .6 9 2

1 .4 2 0
1 .5 7 1
1 .6 3 4
1 .7 2 7

1 .4 3 3
1 .5 7 9
1 .6 4 5
1 .7 2 6

1 .4 4 4
1 .5 7 8
1 .6 5 7
1 .7 4 2

1 .4 6 5
1 .6 1 7
1 .6 7 9
1 .7 7 6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1 .8 8
2 .0 0
2 .1 1
2 .1 8
2 .2 3

1 .7 9
1 .9 5
2 .0 6
2 .2 0
2 .1 8

1 .8 1
1 .9 5
2 .0 7
2 .1 7
2 .1 9

1 .8 2
1 .9 6
2 .0 8
2 .1 4
2 .1 8

1 .8 4
1 .9 6
2 .0 6
2 .1 5
2 .2 1

1 .8 4
1 .9 4
2 .0 7
2 .1 8
2 .2 1

1 .8 7
1 .9 5
2 .0 7
2 .1 7
2 .2 1

1 .8 7
1 .9 6
2 .1 0
2 .1 7
2 .2 3

1 .8 9
2 .0 1
2 .1 3
2 .1 8
2 .2 5

1 .9 1
2 .0 4
2 .1 5
2 .1 9
2 .2 6

1 .9 3
2 .0 7
2 .1 8
2 .1 9
2 .2 7

1 .9 4
2 .0 6
2 .1 8
2 .2 0
2 .2 7

1 .9 3
2 .0 6
2 .1 7
2 .2 0
2 .2 8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2 .3 5
2 .4 9
2 .6 0
2 .6 8
2 .8 4

2 .2 8
2 .4 1
2 .5 6
2 .5 9
2 .7 3

2 .3 0
2 .4 1
2 .5 7
2 .6 0
2 .7 4

2 .3 1
2 .4 1
2 .5 7
2 .5 8
2 .8 3

2 .2 9
2 .4 4
2 .5 6
2 .6 2
2 .7 4

2 .3 0
2 .4 7
2 .5 8
2 .6 3
2 .7 7

2 .3 4
2 .4 7
2 .5 5
2 .6 7
2 .7 9

2 .3 5
2 .5 0
2 .5 8
2 .6 8
2 .8 5

2 .3 7
2 .5 2
2 .6 0
2 .7 1
2 .8 9

2 .3 9
2 .5 5
2 .6 4
2 .7 3
2 .9 0

2 .4 1
2 .5 4
2 .6 5
2 .7 7
2 .9 2

2 .4 0
2 .5 5
2 .6 0
2 .7 2
2 .8 7

2 .4 1
2 .5 5
2 .6 4
2 .7 4
2 .9 2

1961
1962
1963

2 .9 8
3 .0 2

2 .9 3
3 .1 3
3 .0 4

2 .9 0
2 .9 0
3 .0 0

2 .8 8
2 .9 7
3 .0 0

2 .9 1
3 .0 1
2 .9 7

2 .9 4
2 .9 8
3 .0 3

2 .9 8
2 .9 8

2 .9 8
3 .0 3

2 .9 9
3 .0 4

3 .0 4
3 .0 7

3 .0 3
3 .0 4

3 .0 4
3 .0 2

3 .0 9
3 .0 6

1947
1948
1949
1950

4 0 .0
4 0 .8
4 0 .9
4 1 .0

3 9 .4
3 8 .2
3 9 .6
3 7 .5

4 0 .3
3 7 .9
3 9 .8
3 7 .9

3 9 .7
3 8 .9
3 9 .6
3 8 .8

3 9 .4
4 0 .3
4 0 .2
4 1 .0

4 0 .1
3 9 .9
4 1 .8
4 0 .8

4 0 .4
4 1 .8
4 2 .0
4 2 .1

4 0 .7
4 1 .9
4 2 .3
4 1 .6

4 0 .6
4 2 .4
4 2 .5
4 2 .8

4 0 .6
4 2 .5
4 1 .0
4 1 .6

4 0 .7
4 2 .2
4 1 .9
4 2 .6

3 8 .6
3 9 .2
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

3 8 .8
4 0 .8
3 8 .4
4 0 .3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

4 0 .9
4 1 .3
4 0 .4
4 0 .3
4 0 .4

3 9 .5
3 9 .7
3 8 .6
3 6 .1
3 6 .9

3 7 .8
4 0 .3
3 9 .0
3 9 .9
3 8 .1

3 8 .6
3 8 .6
3 8 .4
3 9 .8
3 9 .7

4 0 .4
3 9 .9
3 9 .1
3 9 .4
3 8 .3

4 1 .9
4 1 .3
4 0 .1
4 0 .7
4 0 .4

4 1 .4
4 2 .3
4 1 .9
4 2 .0
4 1 .2

4 3 .0
4 1 .9
4 1 .8
4 2 .4
4 2 *2

4 2 .8
4 2 .4
4 2 .6
4 2 .0
4 1 .8

4 2 .0
4 3 .7
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 2 .9

4 2 .7
4 3 .2
4 2 .3
4 0 .5
4 1 .5

3 8 .8
3 9 .1
3 9 .5
4 0 .4
3 8 .7

3 9 .0
4 0 .2
3 9 .2
3 8 .5
3 9 .6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

4 0 .9
3 9 .9
4 0 .6
4 0 .8
4 0 .6

3 8 .6
3 7 .2
3 8 .4
3 9 .0
3 7 .4

3 8 .8
3 9 .8
3 5 .8
3 6 .9
3 8 .0

3 7 .6
3 9 .5
3 7 .8
4 0 .0
3 8 .8

3 9 .3
3 9 .2
3 8 .9
4 0 .6
4 1 .1

4 0 .7
3 9 .8
4 1 .4
4 1 .3
4 0 .6

4 2 .4
4 0 .8
4 1 .1
4 2 .8
4 1 .6

4 2 .5
41J9
4 1 .2
4 2 .7
4 2 .2

4 2 .5
4 2 .2
4 2 .6
4 3 .4
4 2 .4

4 2 .9
4 0 .9
4 2 .8
4 0 .2
4 2 .2

4 2 .5
4 0 .7
4 3 .4
4 0 .6
4 2 .6

3 9 .8
3 6 .7
4 0 .2
3 8 .9
3 8 .8

3 9 .3
3 8 .1
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .2

1961
1962
1963

4 0 .3
4 0 .5

3 9 .4
3 4 .1
3 8 .1

3 9 .2
3 8 .2
3 6 .9

3 8 .9
3 9 .3
3 9 .1

3 8 .3
3 9 .4
4 1 .2

3 9 .9
4 2 .0
4 1 .9

4 1 .3
4 1 .3

4 1 .6
4 2 .4

4 3 .0
4 3 .3

4 0 .6
4 2 .4

4 2 .4
4 2 .1

3 9 .0
3 9 .4

3 6 .6
3 6 .6

3 5 9 .8
4 0 4 .6
3 8 2 *9
3 7 7 .2
3 9 2 .1

3 6 3 .7
3 8 4 .3
3 7 1 .0
3 6 9 .9
3 8 1 .7

3 5 1 .9
3 6 1 .6
3 6 0 .3
3 5 9 .1
3 6 7 .1

3 1 9 .6
3 1 2 .0
3 1 3 .4
3 0 5 .9
3 1 7 .3

2 4 5 .7
2 4 8 .1
2 2 6 .8
2 2 7 .5
2 3 9 .2

3 2 8 .8
3 7 2 .7
3 5 1 .3
3 4 5 .7
3 6 0 .4

3 3 2 .4
3 5 3 .1
3 3 9 .3
3 3 8 .9
3 5 0 .4

3 2 0 .6
3 3 0 .8
3 2 9 .6
3 2 8 .4
3 3 5 .7

2 8 8 .6
2 8 1 .1
2 8 2 .8
2 7 5 .9
2 8 6 .6

2 1 6 .2
2 1 7 .7
1 9 6 .5
1 9 7 .7
2 0 8 .9

C O N S TR U C TIO N -W O R K E R AVERAG E HOURLY E A R N IN G S - IN D O LLA R S

C O N S TR U C TIO N -W O R K E R AVERAG E W EEKLY HOURS

H IG H W AY AND S TR E E T C O N S TR U C TIO N - S IC 1 6 1
A L L E M PLO YEES 1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2 8 2 .5
3 1 0 .4
2 9 3 .6
2 9 1 .5
2 9 8 .1

1 9 3 .3
2 0 2 .4
1 8 9 .5
1 9 2 .7
1 8 3 .5
1 9 7 .7

1 6 4 .1
1 8 9 .1
1 8 7 .7
1 7 8 .7
1 8 3 .4
1 8 1 .9

1 8 5 .8
2 1 8 .2
1 8 0 .8
2 0 2 .8
1 9 8 .2
2 0 3 .8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2 5 3 .2
2 7 9 .7
2 6 2 .7
2 6 1 .2
2 6 7 .7

1 6 6 .1
1 7 3 .3
1 5 9 .9
1 6 3 .5
1 5 4 .7
1 6 7 .8

1 3 7 .5
1 5 9 .8
1 5 8 .2
1 4 9 .9
1 5 5 .1
1 5 1 .9

1 5 8 .7
1 8 8 .5
1 5 0 .7
1 7 3 .1
1 6 9 .6
1 7 3 .4

IN THOUSANDS

2 3 4 .7
2 8 3 .9
2 5 3 *6
2 5 2 .5
2 6 1 .9
2 7 4 .9

3 3 0 .6
3 8 0 .3
3 6 0 .6
3 5 5 .6
3 4 6 .9

2 9 6 .9
3 4 5 .6
3 2 4 .2
3 0 7 .8
3 2 4 .5
3 4 1 .5

3 4 4 .2
3 9 4 .5
3 7 2 .2
3 6 8 .7
3 8 0 .9

C O N S T R U C T IO N WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




2 0 6 .7
2 5 3 .3
2 2 2 .7
2 2 1 .7
2 3 2 .0
2 4 3 .5

2 6 8 .1
3 1 4 .3
2 9 2 .9
2 7 7 .1
2 9 3 .8
3 0 9 .8

3 0 0 .5
3 4 9 .1
3 2 8 .7
3 2 4 .5
3 1 6 .1

3 1 3 .9
3 6 2 .8
3 4 0 .2
3 3 7 .6
3 4 9 .6

29

EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November December

HIGHWAY AND STREET CONSTRUCTION - SIC 161— CONTINUED
CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

99.87
105.06
110.00
113.81
118.37

89.64
90.77
90.89
104.37
99.83
107..54

82.71
83.66
94.38
100.88
99.15
99.72

84.45
94.72
98.80
100.10
106.15
109.42

90.32
100.69
105.66
101.04
110.48
117.74

101.64
105.17
105.93
109.85
120.70
123.68

99.66
111.87
111.14
117.59
118.43

102.17
112.75
116.91
119.85
126.44

112.20
108.94
122.04
124.13
126.42

99.14
101.01
104.37
110.59
115.02

91.63
100.23
98.46
103.43
104.60

2.50
2.63
2.75
2.89
2.96

2.51
2.67
2.78
2.88
2.94

2.43
2.59
2.69
2.88
2.89

2.45
2.57
2.72
2.93
2.93

43.9
44.6
43.4
43.8
44.4

43.7
41.0
43.7
40.9
43.5

44.7
40.8
43.9
43.1
43.0

40.8
39.0
38.8
38.4
39.8

37.4
39.0
36.2
35.3
35.7

310.6
305*5
330.2
322*8
335.0

313.7
298.7
324.5
325.0
327.4

308.1
296.0
324.8
318.9
322.9

292.7
290.6
305.6
307.4
303.0

263.2
271.8
275.1
277.7
272.2

274.0
265.7
284.5
274.1
284.8

277.0
259.7
278.4
276.1
279.1

272.1
255.9
279.3
270.4
275.4

255.8
250.1
260.7
259.3
256.1

226.1
231.4
230.5
229.3
225.7

117.88
117.05
127.31
133.54
130.38

110.21
111.74
118.42
127.36
123.56

111.28
115.31
117.35
121.39
118.24

2.82
2.88
3.09
3*22
3.21

2.82
2.89
3.09
3.21
3.18

2.79
2.88
3.06
3.20
3.16

2.81
2.89
3.08
3.22
3.17

41.8
39.0
40.5
40.3
41.1

41.8
40.5
41.2
41.6
41.0

39.5
38.8
38.7
39.8
39.1

39.6
39.9
38.1
37.7
37.3

107.99
115.96
118.92
123.95
130.09

109.25
107.83
120.18
118.20
128.76

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY 1ARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
E
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.43
2.55
2.67
2.81
2.88

2.36
2.37
2.49
2.69
2.98
2.86

2.37
2.37
2.51
2.60
2.63
2.77

2.32
2.38
2.60
2.60
2.75
2.82

2.34
2.48
2.54
2.68
2.84
2.81

2.42
2.51
2.59
2.76
2.82
2.91

2.39
2.56
2.64
2.82
2.84

2.45
2.58
2.70
2.82
2.90

2.46
2.60
2.74
2.83
2.93

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

41.1
41.2
41.2
40.5
41.1

37.9
38.3
36.5
38.8
33.5
37.6

34.9
35.3
37.6
38.8
37.7
36.0

36.4
39.8
38.0
38.5
38.6
38.8

38.6
40.6
41.6
37.7
38*9
41*9

42.0
41.9
40.9
39.8
42.8
42.5

41.7
43.7
42.1
41.7
41.7

41.7
43.7
43.3
42.5
43*6

OTHER HEAVY CONSTRUCTION - SIC 162
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

282.1
276.1
292.1
291.8
295.7

264.1
236.3
250.4
255.0
247.0
250.7

236.8
227.1
247.4
244.3
245.9
238.8

246.6
240.5
244.4
252.0
257.1
247.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

245.0
237.1
248.8
244.5
247.6

223.9
198.6
210.3
210.9
198.7
205.0

197.5
189.3
206.7
199.0
199.7
194.3

209.3
203.0
203.4
207.6
208.6
202.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

110.80
114.05
120.50
127.12
126.48

105.15
109.81
110.49
124.09
112.45
123.13

98.64
106.47
111.54
123.24
119.35
119.19

268.3
267*9
272*2
274*0
282.7
276*1

283.9
280.0
293.5
294.4
307.0
294.2

294.7
296.0
311.8
312.6
313.3

302*5
302.9
325.8
317*2
335.4

CONSTRUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
231.3
229*1
230.8
228*4
234.3
230*5

248.2
241.6
252.1
244.6
258.7
248.8

258.7
257.0
267.9
265.1
264.2

265.6
263.6
280.8
269*7
285.5

CONSTRUC TION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
106.98
111.23
118.11
121.83
125.29
123.80

107.53
112.46
119.36
121.06
126.48
127.98

111.93
113.00
119.80
126.32
131.02
131.02

110.70
117.31
121.88
129.02
128.21

111.24
117.58
124.64
128.47
130.38

114.26
119.55
126.59
133.76
132.92

117.88
112.32
125.15
129.77
131.93

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - I N OOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.77
2.83
3.02
3.17
3.17

2.71
2.78
2.90
3.11
3.25
3.19

2.71
2.78
2.92
3.12
3.10
3.17

2.75
2.76
2.99
3.10
3.14
3.15

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.0
40.3
39.9
40.1
39.9

38.8
39.5
38.1
39.9
34.6
38.6

36.4
38.3
38.2
39.5
38.5
37.6

38.9
40.3
39.5
39.3
39.9
39.3

2.75
2.77
2.94
3.12
3.17
3.16

2.75
2.79
2.98
3.15
3.18
3.18

2.74
2.82
2.98
3.17
3.15

2.74
2.84
3.04
3.18
3.18

2.78
2.86
3.08
3.20
3.18

CONSTRUCTION-WORK ER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




39.1
40.6
40.6
38.8
39.9
40.5

40.7
40.5
40.2
40.1
41.2
41.2

40.4
41.6
40.9
40.7
40.7

40.6
41.4
41.0
40.4
41.0

41.1
41.8
41.1
41.8
41.8

30

EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Y *a r

Annual
A vu rag*

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Jun*

July

August

Saptambar

October

November

Ducumbar

SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS - SIC 17
ALL EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
513

440

436

456

475

494

514

531

551

552

565

575

561

1946
714
1947
857
1948
944
1949
955
1950 1»039

569
754
865
925
905

579
750
819
890
883

622
774
850
888
902

672
812
890
906
956

700
837
931
933
1*005

722
883
975
953
1*059

752
895
1,000
979
1*106

775
921
1*011
1*007
1*136

791
926
1*012
1,015
1,139

796
925
1,002
1,015
1,151

800
913
994
995
1,131

790
899
977
952
1*094

1945

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1*149.6
1*168.8
1*174.0
1*203.5
1*320.8

1,058.1
1,099.5
1,102.6
1*094.3
1,171.6

1*051.7
1*087.9
1*090.4
1*093.8
1,156.3

1,074.5
1*080.0
1*096.4
1*108.0
1,197.9

1,109.6
1,115.9
1*128.5
1,150.5
1*272.0

1*142.4
1,144.4
1*153.0
1*175.8
1,340.8

1*164.0
1*192.4
1*185.8
1*218.8
1*386.5

1*195.0
1,218*9
1*210.8
1*250.2
1,410.1

1,218.7
1*240.0
1# 225.3
1*282.8
1,428.4

1*210.4
1,244.2
1*238.2
1,286.8
1*432.2

1*214.1
1*220.2
1*243.1
1*276.1
1*400.9

1*193.3
1,207.6
1*226.9
1*269.7
1*352.1

1*162.8
1,174.0
1*187.1
1,234.8
1*300.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1*367.6
1*360.6
1*320.2
1*414.1
1,390.7

1,235.6
1*219.4
1,233.2
1*284.3
1*312.0

1*231.3
1*232.8
1,145.1
1,237.9
1,278.7

1,245.1
1*270.1
1*192.7
1,269.9
1*246.1

1,299.7
1,312.7
1*246.2
1,360.3
l,3f48.9

1,359.1
1*360.4
1*293.5
1,417.3
1,404.5

1,433.7
1,428.0
1,341.4
1*475.1
1*446.5

1,437.7
1*422.1
1,383.5
1*505.5
1*483.4

1,475.0
1*452.8
1,422.2
1,539.2
1,499.7

1*469.3
1,460.4
1,422.3
1*519.7
1*483.1

1*450.1
1*445.5
1*426.6
1*492.1
1,469.8

1,418.5
1*393.9
1*405.2
1,457.7
1,409.2

1,356.6
1*328.5
1,330.5
1,409.7
1*306.4

1961 1*357.9 1,239.4 1,188.3 1,236.7 1*292.6 1*398.6 1*414.5 1*440.5 1*474.8 1,457.9 1,452.7 1*413.1 1*346.1
1962 1,434.5 1,238.5 1*228.8 1,258.1 1*369.1 1*438.4 1*487.5 1,544.5 1*575.6 1*567.2 1,559.6 1,520.2 1,427.0
1963
1*354.2 1*308.0 1*336.5 1*430.9 1*497.2
CONSTRUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
654
749
801
785

649
708
769
765

1,005.2
1,018.2
1*015.2
1*030.5
1V130.1

917.4
954.4
947.1
931.2
986.5

910.8
931.6
969.8
998.5 1*020.8
935.3
943.2
968.6
995.6 1*041.0
940.7
996.2 1*028.1
934.5
972.8
931.9
946.2
984.8 1*006.5 1*046.9
973.6 1*013.4 1,083.7 1*150.4 1*191.0

1*168.8
1*158.2
1*110.3
1*186.9
1,162.3

1*041.6
1,024.3
1*030.0
1*063.2
1*082.9

1947
1948
1949
1950

749
825
834
908

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,038.0
1*036.8
944.0
1,017.4
1,051.2

672
735
768
781

1*052.1
1,072.0
993.4
1,048.2
1,017.7

709
778
792
836

1*107.3
1*114.5
1*045.9
1*136*9
1*118.3

732
813
815
878

1*163.4
1*160.4
1*090.4
1*192.1
1,175.1

775
855
836
929

1*230.1
1*220.9
1,133.4
1,245.7
1,216.4

786
878
860
971

808
889
884
998

814
889
892
1#002

811
880
891
1*010

1,050.4
1*064.1
1*051.0
1,072.7
1,215.5
1,233.5
1,215.9
1*171.6
1,274.6
1*252.4

799
870
870
991

785
853
831
955

1,071.2
1,085.0
1*061.1
1*103.2
1*234.1

1*063.9
1,091.2
1,077.2
1*106.6
1,238.9

1*066.0
1*066.5
1*081.5
1,094.9
1,206.2

1,045.3
1*053.0
1*066.2
1*088.1
1*160.1

1*016.3
1*020.2
1,02 5.7
1,053.3
1,107.8

1,272.9
1*245.0
1,207.9
1*308.8
1,272.5

1*266.5
1*255.9
1,205.8
1*289.9
1,255.7

1,247.1
1*238.8
1,208.6
1*260.5
1*242.4

1,215.7
1*189.0
1*184.3
1,226.7
1,181.1

1,157.2
1*125.2
1,108.5
1,178.7
1*081.7

967.8 1*015.3 1*068.4 1*113.0 1,186.7 1,210.4 1*244.8 1,227.0 1,224.0 1,184.2 1*117.3
1961 1,131.3 1*016.8
1962 1,197.5 1,010.6 1,001.5 1*030.3 1,136.1 1*200.3 1,247.2 1,302.1 1*333.7 1*325.5 1,317.3 1*279.4 1*186.2
1*115.8 1*069.3 1,096.7 1,188.5 1*253.5
1963
CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

63.74
69.48
70.99
73.00

59.90
66.76
70.80
68.99

59.54
66.00
70.57
66.67

60.75
66.64
69.26
68.15

61.28
67.39
70.20
69.94

62.78
67.84
71.55
72.23

63.38
69.88
71.67
73.13

63.70
70.65
71.90
73.35

64.64
71.21
72.24
74.79

66.13
71.60
71.21
74.75

66.76
70.89
71.82
76.89

65.02
70.24
70.13
76.95

67.93
72.12
70.47
77.17

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

81.92
86.26
88.93
91.62
94.69

77.42
84.29
85.90
85.75
89.82

76.49
85.57
86.38
90.25
89.66

77.91
84.38
86.98
91.00
92.09

79.34
83.78
86.74
90.89
91.08

81.37
84.52
88.30
92.50
94.49

82.99
85.86
89.01
93.13
95.12

83.64
85.57
89.28
93.50
97.64

84.24
87.10
90.75
93.25
95.83

85.63
89.70
89.30
91.98
98.92

85.58
90.32
93.74
92.99
96.94

81.33
85.88
91.76
90.97
93.01

84.42
88.83
91.13
92.20
96.78

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

100.64
105.41
108.00
113.62
118.11

95.04
99.33
105.44
110.05
113.40

96.29
103.86
100.39
106.26
112.45

94.52
103.49
104.78
108.68
112.50

97.36
104.14
105.97
112.79
117.61

99.32
105.45
107.74
114.70
117.69

101.68
106.96
107.81
115.63
119.64

101.63
106.11
109.20
115.50
122.06

103.30
108.38
110.47
117.44
122.76

104.60
108.92
111.57
115.07
121.88

104.98
108.12
111.87
116.71
123.91

100.91
102.84
108.58
113.60
117.23

103.60
104.73
109.39
117.90
114.58

1961
1962
1963

123.44
128.50

121.36
119.33
128.47

119.99
119.71
125.93

118.96
124.25
130.31

118.96
126.70
131.40

121.32
129.83
134.67

124.38
128.08

125.43
131.67

126.45
132.75

126.59
134.98

127.97
133.91

124.20
127.80

121.80
127.40

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.647
1.814
1.893
1.973

1.560
1.734
1.873
1.927

1.571
1.760
1.887
1.927

1.578
1.763
1.882
1.936

1.600
1.778
1.887
1.932

1.618
1.776
1.883
1.947

1.625
1.801
1.886
1.945

1.646
1.821
1.892
1.956

1.666
1.840
1.896
1.963

1.687
1.855
1.899
2.004

1.703
1.851
1.900
2.018

1.720
1.868
1.911
2.025

1.733
1.878
1.915
2.047

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

2.15
2.27
2.41
2.51
2.58

2.07
2.23
2.36
2.50
2.53

2.09
2.24
2.36
2.50
2.54

2.10
2.25
2.37
2.50
2.53

2.11
2.24
2.37
2.49
2.53

2.13
2.23
2.38
2.50
2.54

2.15
2.23
2.38
2.49
2.55

2.15
2.24
2.40
2.50
2.59

2.16
2.28
2.42
2.50
2.59

2.19
2.30
2.46
2.52
2.61

2.20
2.34
2.48
2.52
2.62

2.21
2.34
2.48
2.52
2.62

2.21
2.35
2.49
2.54
2.63

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




31

EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yoar

Annual
Avaragu

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novambar Ducumbur

SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS - SIC 17— CONTINUED
CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
196Q

2.72
2.88
3.00
3.13
3.29

2.64
2.83
2.97
3.10
3.24

2.66
2.83
2.97
3.08
3.25

2.67
2.82
2.96
3.07
3.28

2.66
2.83
2.96
3.09
3.24

2.67
2.85
2.96
3.10
3.26

2.69
2.86
2.97
3.10
3.26

2.71
2.86
3.00
3.13
3.29

2.74
2.89
3.01
3.14
3.30

2.76
2.92
3.04
3.17
3.33

2.77
2.93
3.04
3.18
3.34

2.78
2.93
3.05
3.20
3.34

2.80
2.95
3.09
3.23
3.38

1961
1962
1963

3.41
3.54

3.39
3.52
3.66

3.38
3.48
3.65

3.37
3.50
3.64

3.37
3.50
3.60

3.37
3.49
3.63

3.38
3.49

3.39
3.53

3.39
3.54

3.44
3.59

3.44
3.59

3.45
3.59

3.49
3.64

CONSTRUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

38.7
38.3
37.5
37.0

38.4
38.5
37.8
35.8

37.9
37.5
37.4
34.6

38.5
37.8
36.8
35.2

38.3
37.9
37.2
36.2

38.8
38.2
38.0
37.1

39.0
38.8
38.0
37.6

38.7
38.8
38.0
37.5

38.8
38.7
38.1
38.1

39.2
38.6
37.5
37.3

39.2
38.3
37.8
38.1

37.8
37.6
36.7
38.0

39.2
38.4
36.8
37.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

38.1
38.0
36.9
36.5
36.7

37.4
37.8
36.4
34.3
35*5

36.6
38.2
36.6
36.1
35.3

37.1
37.5
36.7
36.4
36.4

37.6
37.4
36.6
36.5
36.0

38.2
37.9
37.1
37.0
37.2

38.6
38.5
37.4
37.4
37.3

38.9
38.2
37.2
37.4
37.7

39.0
38.2
37.5
37.3
37.0

39.1
39.0
36.3
36.5
37.9

38.9
38.6
37. B
36.9
37.0

36.8
36.7
37.0
36.1
35.5

38.2
37.8
36.6
36.3
36.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

37.0
36.6
36.0
36.3
35.9

36.0
35.1
35.5
35.5
35.0

36.2
36.7
33.8
34.5
34.6

35.4
36.7
35.4
35.4
34.3

36.6
36.8
35.8
36*5
36.3

37.2
37.0
36.4
37.0
36.1

37.8
37.4
36.3
37.3
36.7

37.5
37.1
36.4
36.9
37.1

3. 7
7.
37.5
36.7
37.4
37.2

37.9
37.3
36.7
36.3
36.6

37.9
36.9
36.8
36.7
37.1

36.3
35.1
35.6
35.5
35.1

37.0
35.5
35.4
36.5
33.9

1961
1962
1963

36.2
36.3

35.8
33.9
35.1

35.5
34.4
34.5

35.3
35.5
35.8

35.3
36.2
36.5

36.0
37.2
37.1

36.8
36.7

37.0
37.3

37.3
37.5

36.8
37.6

37.2
37.3

36.0
35.6

34.9
35.0




EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

32

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

O ctober

Novem ber

December

MANUFACTURING
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1919
1920

10*659
10*658

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

8,257
9*120
10,300
9,671
9,939

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

10,156
10,001
9,947
10,702
9,562

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

8,170
6,931
7,397
8,501
9,069

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

9,827
10,794
9,440
10,278
10,985

9,722
10,644

9,859
10,664

9,980
10,631

9,987
10,541

9,937
10,506

9,984
10,565

10,028
10,624

10,330
11,048

10,694
11,397

10,985
11,616

10,945
11,728

10,887
11,852

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

13,192
15,280
17,602
17,328
15,524

11,802
13,961
16,784
17,791
16,961

12,077
14,189
17,027
17,787
17,009

12,298
14,406
17,249
17,657
16,938

12,609
14,618
17,349
17,451
16,746

12,871
14,813
17,406
17,327
16,516

13,194
15,031
17,662
17,341
16,291

13,508
15,383
17,850
17,320
15,925

13,774
15,759
17,969
17,313
15,574

14,016
16,037
17,9 2
2|
17,112
13,645

14,076
16,186
17,998
16,975
13,535

14,046
16,350
18,074
16,907
13,590

14,036
16,630
17,931
16,957
13,554

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

14,703
15,545
15,582
14,441
15,241

13,747
15,523
15,669
15,046
14,269

13,020
15,576
15,607
14,917
14,287

13,738
15,576
15,638
14,741
14,407

14,385
15,463
15,319
14,454
14,478

14,479
15,269
15,249
14,171
14,744

14,744
15,328
15,417
14,176
15,020

14,934
15,202
15,479
14,061
15,153

15,319
15,558
15,735
14,444
15,868

15,499
15,764
15,957
14,645
16,104

15,445
15,754
15,821
14,210
16,239

15,571
15,744
15,650
14,108
16,155

15,559
15,779
15,445
14,320
16,166

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

16,393
16,632
17,549
16,314
16,882

16,198
16,306
17,378
16,686
16,245

16,371
16,393
17,524
16,571
16,371

16,411
16,416
17,660
16,478
16,523

16,353
16,369
17,614
16,263
16,581

16,273
16,263
17,588
16,103
16,664

16,413
16,046
17,717
16,165
16,908

16,288
15,845
17,639
15,927
16,809

16,519
16,741
17,824
16,166
17,149

16,560
17,156
17,794
16,309
17,243

16,483
17,264
17,573
16,339
17,333

16,412
17,353
17,251
16,385
17,384

16,432
17,439
17,022
16,371
17,369

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

17,243
17,174
15,945
16,675
16,796

17,183
17,284
16,374
16,204
16,924

17,178
17,283
16,080
16,279
16,968

17,119
17,277
15,814
16,441
16,922

17,131
17,168
15,561
16,531
16,844

17,078
17,110
15,482
16,686
16,812

17,172
17,217
15,660
16,951
16,883

16,652
17,094
15,612
16,925
16,725

17,379
17,355
15,935
16,699
16,882

17,465
17,318
16,227
16,867
16,980

17,571
17,201
16,023
16,708
16,775

17,507
17,006
16,311
16,804
16,576

17,484
16,783
16,266
16,989
16,258

1961
1962
1963

16,327
16,859

15,978
16,455
16,687

15,883
16,540
16,683

15,915
16,618
16,756

15,958
16,735
16,845

16,136
16,783
16,960

16,378
16,969

16,330
16,881

16,595
17,040

16,709
17,249

16,678
17,157

16,732
17,023

16,637
16,862

MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1950

3,768

3,757

3,846

4,291

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

4,237
4,247
4,655
4,404
4,238

4,249
4,231
4,658
4,207
4,259

4,194
4,235
4,644
4,088
4,237

4,302
4,631
4,712
4,307
4,569

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

4,430
4,394
4,176
4,176
4,363

4,219
4,388

4,236
4,389

4,373
4,361
3,981
4,232
4*337

4,265
4,329

4,330
4,356

4,295
4,295
4,003
4,315
4,304

4,503
4,459

4,577
4,498

4,609
4,488
4,250
4,536
4,434

4,476
4,370

4,437
4,231

4,148
4,319
4,397

4,168
4,358
4,413

4,179
4,392
4,435

4,163
4,416
4,424

4,184
4,420
4,449

4,252
4,485

4,218
4,447

4,414
4,594

4,449
4,649

4,467
4,627

4,463
4,568

4,407
4,484

8,832
8,680

8,995
8,570

8,958
8,246

9,053
7,726

9,202
7,111

4,359
4,372

1961
1962
1963

4,293
4,480

1909
1914
1919
1920

6,272
6,624
8,617
8,652

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




8,440
9,237

8,178
9,157

8,216
9,338

8,234
9,211

8,290
8,976

8,393
8, 891

8,613
8,681

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

33

Novem ber December

MANUFAC TURING— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS— -CONTINUED

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

6« 622
7,327
8,388
7,789
8,061

6,423
6,658
8,095
8,086
7,803

6,604
6,831
8,276
8,218
7,945

6,698
6,930
8,453
8,237
8,019

6,650
6,921
8,490
8,092
8,010

6,628
7,104
8,504
7,824
7,967

6, 557
7,236
8,543
7,576
7,953

6,438
7,315
8,451
7,324
7,944

6,552
7,518
8,468
7,430
8,082

6,706
7, 686
8,505
7,613
8,236

6,759
7,802
8,401
7,674
8,293

6,761
7,915
8,302
7,633
8,261

6,684
8,007
8,170
7,760
8,225

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

8,214
8,037
8,051
8,567
7,464

8,159
7,965
7,702
8,216
7,930

8,242
8,092
7,849
8,411
7,944

8,237
8,153
7,931
8,517
7,909

8,226
8,101
7,899
8,619
7,865

8,142
8,049
7,906
8,609
7,727

8,145
8,055
7,958
8,630
7,566

8,057
7,966
7,952
8,674
7, 304

8,228
8,077
8,170
8,826
7,243

8,400
8,175
8,341
8,912
7,323

8,370
8,094
8,365
8,805
7,169

8,213
7,914
8,288
8,447
6,894

8,103
7,800
8,248
8,133
6,698

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

6,301
5,351
5,924
6,909
7,374

6,467
5,648
5,110
6,354
7,002

6,522
5,743
5,227
6,747
7,232

6,559
5,657
5,029
7,026
7,349

6,557
5,470
5,160
7,156
7,366

6,507
5,259
5,399
7,176
7,260

6,362
5,097
5,781
7,077
7,130

6,271
4,923
6,155
6,954
7,171

6,290
5,059
6,570
7,046
7,412

6,318
5,333
6, 860
6,735
7,591

6,091
5,423
6,827
6,928
7,701

5,869
5,350
6,555
6,800
7,654

5,806
5,252
6,413
6,910
7,618

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

8,014
8,791
7,478
8,318
8,940

7,469
8,473
7,434
7,795
8,636

7,507
8,698
7,494
7,926
8,653

7,605
8,894
7,473
8,037
8,617

7,731
8,988
7,328
8,037
8,528

7,806
9,004
7,148
7,992
8,488

7,856
8,910
7,026
8,038
8,537

7,969
8,956
7,073
8,081
8,586

8,203
9,079
7,434
8, 375
8,973

8,407
9,091
7,723
8,722
9,338

8,499
8,952
7,778
8,987
9,541

8,500
8,474
7,876
8,947
9,636

8,619
7,965
7,955
8,882
9,745

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

11,016
12,996
15,147
14,740
13,009

9,717
11,732
14,441
15,231
14,381

9,951
11,952
14,650
15,204
14,423

10,187
12,162
14,844
15,044
14,331

10,472
12,356
14,930
14,850
14,132

10,714
12,548
14,960
14,725
13,906

11,015
12,736
15,200
14,725
13,703

11,302
13,066
15,384
14,708
13,337

11,570
13,438
15,490
14,719
13,011

11,804
13,741
15,446
14,546
11,245

11,852
13,862
15,495
14,411
11,165

11,823
14,039
15,540
14,339
11,210

11,787
14,317
15,382
14,382
11,264

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

12,274
12,990
12,910
11,790
12,523

11,422
12,994
13,059
12,364
11,637

10,688
13,043
12*967
12,241
11,657

11,414
13,046
12,993
12,072
11,753

11,988
12,933
12,658
11,787
11,812

12,041
12,731
12,585
11,508
12,072

12,291
12,764
12,759
11,525
12,315

12*467
12,639
12,786
11,410
12,422

12,850
12,995
13,033
11,790
13,117

13,016
13,188
13,254
12,006
13,345

12,954
13,178
13,116
11,588
13,451

13,075
13,163
12,958
11,492
13,343

13,081
13,203
12,757
11,697
13,346

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

13,368
13,359
14,055
12,817
13,288

13,317
13,151
13,983
13,173
12,744

13,467
13,204
14,107
13,075
12*857

13,468
13,211
14,217
12,981
12,995

13,392
13,145
14,152
12,767
13,035

13,286
1,3,025
14,100
12,619
13,103

13,385
12,783
14,198
12,666
13,313

13,224
12,557
14,093
12,422
13,181

13, 434
13,419
14,280
12,668
13,505

13,482
13,841
14,269
12,621
13,603

13,387
13,927
14,049
12,852
13,683

13,284
13,990
13,720
12,889
13,733

13,288
14,060
13.497
12,869
13,707

1956
1957
1958
19 59
1960

13,436
13,189
11,997
12,603
12,586

13,513
13,378
12,387
12,237
12,765

13,473
13,349
12,110
12,296
12,799

13,390
13,319
11,863
12,441
12,740

13,386
13,196
11,628
12,514
12,655

13,309
13,132
11,561
12,651
12,621

13,351
13,210
11,730
12,873
12,658

12,784
13,060
11,670
12,804
12,487

13,508
13,314
11,984
12,569
12,627

13,600
13,297
12,277
12,765
12,741

13,707
13,200
12,081
12,587
12,554

13,630
13,015
12,364
12,665
12,351

13,581
12,795
12,311
12,832
12,036

1961
1962
1963

12,085
12,494

11,770
12,177
12,286

11,671
12,249
12,276

11.699
12,306
12,344

11,750
12,408
12,426

11,917
12,442
12,526

12,127
12,587

12,063
12,471

12,317
12,624

12,448
12,840

12,426
12,753

12,466
12,613

12,360
12,459

1909
1914
1915

9.74
10.92
11.22

10.85

10.82

11.03

10.94

11.1 1

11.08
11.17

10.94
11.04

10.93
11.24

10.88
11.22

10.70
11.60

10.75
11.69

10.95
11.93

1916
1917
1918
1919
1920

12.63
14.97
19.12
21.84
26. 02

11.24
13.46
15.55
21.36
24.76

12.15
13.54
15.70
20.97
24. 64

12.36
14.15
17.08
21.04
25.81

12.36
13.62
17.43
20.80
25.51

12.80
14.86
18.71
20.89
26.32

12.82
14.96
18.77
21.23
26.89

12.01
14.44
19.20
21.33
26.55

12.49
15.02
20.75
22.12
26.69

12.74
15.16
21.07
22.69
26.66

13.10
16.38
22.33
22.22
26.65

13.64
17.06
20.71
22*87
26.12

13.92
16.91
22.11
24.09
25.80

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

21.94
21.28
23.56
23.67
24.11

24.12
20.08
22.28
23.50
23.64

23.30
20.41
22.71
24.43
24.41

23.24
20.62
23.32
24.37
24.62

22.78
20.43
23.49
24.23
24.10

22.44
20.81
24.25
23.97
24.46

22.14
21.24
24.10
23.32
23.97

21.38
21.07
23.38
22.39
23.57

21.59
21.49
23.39
23.04
23.80

20.99
21.75
23.44
23.32
23.20

20.45
21.85
24.22
23.67
24.40

20.16
22.39
24.04
23.42
24.43

20.88
22.67
24.15
24.17
24.65

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

24.38
24.47
24. 70
24.76
23.00

23.93
23.79
24.09
24.27
23.37

24.65
24.89
24.96
25.30
24.09

24.86
25.11
25.08
25.49
24.23

24.50
24.91
24.64
25.43
24.08

24.43
25.02
24.87
25.51
23.91

24.47
24.61
24.79
25.09
23.58

23.71
23.90
24.22
24.05
22.37

24.24
24.38
24.61
24.70
22.23

24.03
23.99
24.45
24.67
22.24

24.80
24.37
25.16
24.81
22.23

24.41
24.01
24.61
23.85
21.52

24.55
24.64
24.91
23.90
21.61

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

20.64
16.89
16.65
18.20
19.91

20.86
18.37
15.31
17.22
19.04

21.91
18.62
15.51
18.21
19.77

22.23
18.06
14.86
18.45
19.93

21.86
17.35
15.32
18.76
19.86

21.72
17.15
16.28
18.71
19.47

21.08
16.41
16.90
18.41
19.38

20.37
15.95
17.08
17.70
19.17

20.25
15.78
17.67
18.00
19.93

19.39
16.15
17.71
17.78
20.18

19.48
16.52
17.65
18.16
20.63

19.07
16.03
17.01
18.03
20.47

19.10
15.86
17.15
18.88
21.11

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




34

EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Y»ar

Annual
A va rag*

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Juna

July

August

Saptambar

October

Novam bur

Dacambar

MANUFACTURING— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

21.56
23.82
22.07
23.64
24.96

20.46
22.67
21.17
22.94
24.24

20.48
23.39
21.60
23.21
24.17

21.11
24.17
21.78
23.44
24.40

21.25
24.72
21.43
22.94
24.18

21.56
24.90
21.49
23.10
24.42

21.56
24.64
21.42
23.41
24.67

21.15
24.04
21.45
22.75
24.28

21.62
24.48
22.22
23.61
25.14

21.12
23.69
22.62
23.64
25.52

22.29
24.05
23.22
24.70
25.96

22.49
22.71
22.79
24.61
25.74

23.40
22.01
23.40
25.00
26.73

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

29.48
36.68
43.07
45. 70
44.20

26.36
33.15
40.53
44.97
47.08

27.27
33.79
40.90
45.26
46.94

27.66
34.45
41.66
45.35
46.99

27.91
34.89
42.39
45.27
46.78

29.10
35.69
42.99
45.71
45.70

29.98
36.04
43.12
45.85
46.00

29.45
36.34
42.68
45.05
45.06

30.12
37.32
43.39
45.56
41.27

30.50
37.70
44.41
45.88
40.27

31.11
38.81
44.73
46.65
40.42

31.06
39.69
45. 24
46.48
40.24

32.01
40.14
44.41
47.01
40.70

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

43.32
49.17
53.12
53.88
58.32

40.57
46.93
51.92
54.45
55.38

39.96
47.11
51.78
54.33
55.50

41.64
47.51
52.03
53.74
55.62

42.26
47.44
51.72
52.78
55.98

41.90
48.40
51.99
53.01
56.58

42.77
49.29
52.85
53.54
57.69

42.81
49.00
52.92
53.66
58.12

44.40
49.20
54.14
53.68
59.10

44.86
50.30
54.17
54.73
59.43

45.29
50.83
54.64
54.23
60.73

45.47
51.15
54.69
53.45
61.16

46.67
52.49
55.08
55.08
62.80

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

63.34
67.16
70.47
70.49
75.70

62.58
65.53
70.11
70.13
73.16

62.42
65.93
70.35
70.09
73.53

63.14
66.18
71.10
69.74
73.89

63.24
64.71
70.41
69.03
73.97

63.34
65.36
70.24
69.95
75.30

63.90
66.02
70.82
70.31
74.70

63.11
64.48
70.53
69.74
75.14

62.87
66.42
70.47
69.87
75.11

64.15
68.80
70.22
70.67
76.89

63.83
69.38
70.93
70.84
77.27

64.64
69.46
70.22
72.36
78.28

66.17
70.72
70.98
73.31
78.47

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

78.78
81.59
82.71
88.26
89.72

77.55
81.20
80.29
86.58
91.08

76.76
81.20
79.87
86.58
89.95

77.38
81.40
80.08
88.04
89.72

78.18
80.79
80.05
88.66
88.65

77.60
80.59
80.67
89.10
90.40

78.20
81.60
82.32
89.95
90.63

77.79
81.59
82.32
88.44
90.17

78.39
81.60
83.16
87.48
89.55

80.59
82.19
84.38
88.26
89.89

80.99
81.37
83.77
87.64
90.12

81.00
81.74
85.79
87.78
89.21

82.82
81.95
87.23
90.72
88.62

1961
1962
1963

92.34
96.56

89.08
94.49
97.44

88.92
94.80
97.20

89.54
95.91
98.09

90.39
96.56
97.36

91.71
96.80
99.23

93.03
97.27

92.80
96.39

92.86
95.75

92.34
97.27

94.54
96.32

95.82
97.36

96.22
98.01

1909
1914
1919
1920

.191
•221
.472
.549

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

.509
•482
.516
.541
.541

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

.542
.544
•556
•560
.546

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

.509
•441
.437
.526
.544

.476
.406
.511
.541

•469
•404
•510
•543

.462
•405
.511
•546

.459
.401
•521
.547

.455
•398
.527
.547

•446
.394
•529
•549

.443
.399
•533
.543

.430
.459
•531
•543

.414
.488
.534
.538

.411
.493
.531
.540

.411
.496
.532
.543

.411
.503
.538
.547

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.550
.617
•620
•627
.655

.547
.571
•632
•625
•648

•546
.576
•626
•624
•648

.547
•588
•626
•625
•649

.549
.612
•623
•625
•650

•550
•624
•621
•626
•653

•550
.627
•619
•626
•656

•548
•631
.611
•620
•651

•546
•631
•607
•618
•653

.543
•630
•608
•622
•656

.549
•638
•616
•630
.659

.554
•638
.621
•636
•665

•568
.636
.624
•646
.670

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.726
•851
.957
1.016

•676
*795
.915
.995
1.037

•680
.797
.919
.997
1.034

•683
•805
•930
.999
1.035

•696
.817
•940
1.006
1.035

.715
•830
•949
1.009
1.034

.726
•840
.954
1.010
1.029

.729
•851
.959
1.010
1.024

.731
.866
.960
1.008
1.014

.742
.887
.989
1.024
.975

.755
•888
•983
1.023
.974

.767
•900
.992
1.026
.979

.777
.902
.989
1.031
•983

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.075
1.217
1.328
1.378
1.440

.992
1.156
1.282
1.382
1.395

•989
1.166
1.288
1.379
1.398

1.023
1.176
1.291
1.378
1.401

1.046
1.183
1.293
1.378
1.410

1.058
1*204
1.303
1.377
1.418

1.072
1.223
1.318
1.380
1.428

1.081
1.228
1.333
1.383
1.435

1.099
1.233
1.350
1.373
1.438

1.116
1.245
1.361
1.382
1.453

1.121
1.252
1.366
1.366
1.474

1.131
1.263
1.374
1.367
1.488

1.141
1.274
1.377
1.384
1.517

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.56
1.65
1.74
1.78
1.86

1.53
1.61
1.71
1.78
1.82

1.53
1.62
1.72
1.77
1.82

1.54
1.63
1.73
1.77
1.82

1.55
1.63
1.73
1*77
1.84

1.56
1.63
1.73
1.78
1.85

1.57
1.63
1.74
1.78
1.84

1.57
1.62
1.75
1.77
1.86

1.56
1.64
1.74
1.76
1.85

1.58
1.67
1.76
1.78
1.88

1.58
1.68
1.76
1.78
1.88

1.60
1.69
1.76
1.80
1.90

1.61
1.70
1.77
1.81
1.90

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

1.011




MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yuar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

A p ril

June

M ay

July

August

Suptumbur

35

Octobur

Novumbur Ducumbur

NANUFACTURING^-CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.95
2.05
2.11
2.19
2.26

1.91
2.02
2.08
2.17
2.26

1.90
2.02
2.08
2.17
2.26

1.92
2.03
2.08
2.19
2.26

1.94
2.03
2.09
2.20
2.25

1.94
2.03
2.09
2.20
2.26

1.95
2.04
2.10
2.21
2.26

1.94
2.05
2.10
2.20
2.26

1.95
2.04
2.10
2.16
2.25

1.98
2.06
2.12
2.19
2.27

1.99
2.06
2.11
2.18
2.27

2.00
2.08
2.15
2.20
2.27

2.02
2.08
2.17
2.24
2.29

1961
1962
1963

2.32
2.39

2.29
2.38
2.43

2.28
2.37
2.43

2.29
2.38
2.44

2.30
2.39
2.44

2.31
2.39
2.45

2.32
2.39

2.32
2.38

2.31
2.37

2.32
2.39

2.34
2.39

2.36
2.41

2.37
2.42

PRODUCTION-WORKER <VERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
A
1909
1914
1919
1920

51.0
49.4
46.3
47.4

1921
1922
1923
1924
1925

43.1
44.2
45.6
43.7
44.5

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

45.0
45.0
44.4
44.2
42.1

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

40.5
38.3
38.1
34.6
36.6

38.6
37.7
33.7
35.2

39.7
38.4
35.7
36.4

39.1
36.7
36.1
36.5

37.8
38.2
36.0
36.3

37.7
40.9
35.5
35.6

36.8
42.9
34.8
35.3

36.0
42.8
33.2
35.3

36.7
38.5
33.9
36.7

39.0
36.3
33.3
37.5

40.2
55.8
34.2
38.2

39.0
34.3
33.9
37.7

38.6
34.1
35.1
38.6

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

39.2
38.6
35.6
37.7
38.1

37.4
39.7
33.5
36.7
37.4

37.5
40.6
34.5
37.2
37.3

38.6
41.1
34.8
37.5
37.6

38.7
40.4
34.4
36.7
37.2

39.2
39.9
34.6
36.9
37.4

39.2
39.3
34.6
37.4
37.6

38.6
38.1
35.1
36.7
37.3

39.6
38.8
36.6
38.2
38.5

38.9
37.6
37.2
38.0
38.9

40.6
37.7
37.7
39.2
39.4

40.6
35.6
36.7
38.7
38.7

41.2
34.6
37.5
38.7
39.9

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

40.6
43.1
45.0
45.2
43.5

39.0
41.7
44.3
45.2
45.4

40.1
42.4
44.5
45.4
45.4

40.5
42.8
44.8
45.4
45.4

40.1
42.7
45.1
45.0
45.2

40.7
43.0
45.3
45.3
44.2

41.3
42.9
45.2
45.4
44.7

40.4
42.7
44.5
44.6
44.0

41.2
43.1
45.2
45.2
40.7

41.1
42.5
44.9
44.8
41.3

41.2
43.7
45.5
45.6
41.5

40.5
44.1
45.6
45.3
41.1

41.2
44.5
44.9
45.6
41.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.3
40.4
40.0
39.1
40.5

40.9
40.6
40.5
39.4
39.7

40.4
40.4
40.2
39.4
39.7

40.7
40.4
40.3
39.0
39.7

40.4
40.1
40.0
38.3
39.7

39.6
40.2
39.9
38.5
39.9

39.9
40.3
40.1
38.8
40.4

39.6
39.9
39.7
38.8
40.5

40.4
39.9
40.1
39.1
41.1

40.2
40.4
39.8
39.6
40.9

40.4
40.6
40.0
39.7
41.2

40.2
40.5
39.8
39.1
41.1

40.9
41.2
40.0
39.8
41.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.6
40.7
40.5
39.6
40.7

40.9
40.7
41.0
39.4
40.2

40.8
40.7
40.9
39.6
40.4

41.0
40.6
41.1
39.4
40.6

40.8
39.7
40.7
39.0
40.2

40.6
40.1
40.6
39.3
40.7

40.7
40.5
40.7
39.5
40.6

40.2
39.8
40.3
39.4
40.4

40.3
40.5
40.5
39.7
40.6

40.6
41.2
39.9
39.7
40.9

40.4
41.3
40.3
39.8
41.1

40.4
41.1
39.9
40.2
41.2

41.1
41.6
40.1
40.5
41.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
i960

40.4
39.8
39.2
40.3
39.7

40.6
40.2
38.6
39.9
40.3

40.4
40.2
38.4
39.9
39.8

40.3
40.1
38.5
40.2
39.7

40.3
39.8
38.3
40.3
39.4

40.0
39.7
38.6
40.5
40.0

40.1
40.0
39.2
40.7
40.1

40.1
39.8
39.2
40.2
39.9

40.2
40.0
39.6
40.5
39.8

40.7
39.9
39.8
40.3
39.6

40.7
39.5
39.7
40.2
39.7

40.5
39.3
39.9
39.9
39.3

41.0
39.4
40.2
40.5
38.7

1961
1962
1963

39.8
40.4

38.9
39.7
40.1

39.0
40.0
40.0

39.1
40.3
40.2

39.3
40.4
39.9

39.7
40.5
40.5

40.1
40.7

40.0
40.5

40.2
40.4

39.8
40.7

40.4
40.3

40.6
40.4

40.6
40.5

MONTHLY DATA NOT AVAILABLE

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.8
2.3
2.0
2.7
2.4

2.9
2.6
1.7
2.3
2.8

2.7
2.5
1.7
2.4
2.6

2.6
2.4
1.6
2.6
2.5

2.6
2.3
1.6
2.6
2.2

2.5
2.2
1.7
2.8
2.5

2.6
2.3
1.9
2.9
2.5

2.6
2.3
1.9
2.8
2.4

2.7
2.3
2.2
3.0
2.5

3.0
2.5
2.4
3.0
2*5

3.0
2.3
2.4
2.8
2.5

3.0
2.2
2.5
2.6
2.2

3.0
2.0
2.7
2.7
2.1

1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.8

1.9
2.6
2.5

1.9
2.5
2.5

2.0
2.6
2.6

2.1
2.7
2.4

2.2
2.8
2.8

2.4
2.9

2.5
2.8

2.6
2.8

2.8
3.0

2.8
2.8

2.9
2.9

2.9
2.9




36

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber December

MANUFACTURING— CONTINUED
ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES(1)
4.4
3.9
3.5
3.3

1930

3*8

4.6

4.6

4.9

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

3*7
4*1
6.5
5.7
5.1

3.5
4.9
4.0
6.7
7.3

3.3
3.3
3.0
7.8
4.9

4.4
3.3
2.6
7.4
4.5

3.7
3.4
5.9
6.3
4.4

3.3
3.1
8.6
5.0
3.6

2.9
3.3
12.0
4.4
3.9

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

5.3
4.3
4.7
5.0
5.4

4.3
5.3
4.4
4.7
4.3

3.5
5.5
3.6
3.6
3.5

4.7
5.5
3.6
3.9
3.4

5.4
4*8
3.1
3.5
3.7

4.9
4.3
3.3
3.9
4.1

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

6.5
9.3
9.1
7.4
7.7

6.4
8.0
9.6
7.5
8.1

5.7
7.0
9.2
6.4
5.9

6.6
8.2
9.8
6.8
5.8

7.3
8.6
8.9
6.6
5.7

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

8.1
6.2
5.4
4.3
5.3

9.8
6.9
5.3
3.7
4.2

8.0
5.9
5.6
3.4
3.7

8.3
6.0
4.7
3.5
4.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

5.3
5.4
4.8
3.6
4.5

6.0
5.1
5.1
3.2
3.8

5.3
4.6
4.9
2.9
3.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

4.2
3.6
3.6
4.2
3.8

3.8
3.7
2.9
3.8
4.0

1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

3.5

4.1

3.2

2.5

2.5

4.0
4.0
11.6
4.9
5.5

3.4
5.4
10.4
4.1
5.9

4.5
6.3
6.9
4.5
6.3

3.4
4.5
4.9
5.0
6.3

4.3
3.7
4.4
5.2
4.3

3.9
3.6
4.0
7.1
3.9

5.5
4.5
4.2
4.8
5.9

6.5
4.5
6.3
5.5
6.3

6.1
4.4
6.9
6.6
8.5

6.4
4.8
5.7
7.8
7.8

5.8
3.4
6.3
7.2
6.7

5.5
2.2
5.0
4.9
5.6

5.1
2.5
3.7
3.3
4.8

7.2
8.7
8.6
7.6
6.0

7.7
10*2
10.3
9.3
7.2

7.9
10.9
10.3
8.3
7.6

7.0
10.2
9.8
8.1
7.6

6.5
11.6
9.7
7.7
9.3

5.9
10.6
8.7
7.3
10.4

4.7
9.7
7.9
7.3
10.5

5.6
8.1
6.1
6.0
8.1

8.1
6.2
4.8
3.5
4.2

7.3
5.7
4.9
4.2
5.3

8.2
6.7
7.0
5.4
5.9

9.7
6.5
6.2
4.6
6.2

9.1
6.9
6.5
5.7
8.5

8.9
7.4
6,4
5.2
7.2

8.3
6.7
5.5
4.5
6.3

6.9
5.8
4.7
4.0
4.8

5.0
4.2
3.2
3.7
3.5

5.4
4.6
5.2
3.3
4.2

5.4
4.5
5.2
2.9
4.2

5.4
4.7
4.9
3.2
4.5

6.0
6.0
6.2
4.3
5.3

5.5
5.8
5.4
3.8
4.5

5.8
7.6
5.6
4.3
5.8

5.4
7.0
5.0
4.3
5.5

5.3
6.3
4.0
4.4
5.0

4.7
4.8
3.2
4.0
4.0

3.5
3.9
2.5
2.9
2.9

3.6
3.3
2.6
3.7
3.5

3.6
3.3
2.8
4.1
3.3

4.0
3.4
3.1
4.1
3.4

4.1
3.6
3.6
4.2
3.9

5.1
4.8
4.7
5.4
4.7

4.3
4.2
4.2
4.4
3.9

4.9
4*1
4.9
5.2
4.9

5.2
4.1
5.0
5.1
4.8

5.1
3.5
4.0
3.9
3.5

3.6
2.6
3.2
3.4
2.9

2.7
2.0
2.7
3.6
2.3

3.7
4.1
3.6

3.2
3.6
3.3

4.0
3.8
3.5

4.0
4.0
3.9

4.3
4.3
4.0

5.0
5.0

4.4
4.5

5.3
5.1

4.7
4.9

4.3
3.9

3.4
3.0

2.6
2.4

4.1
4.1
3.6
1.9
3.0

4.5
3.6
3.9
1.6
2.0

4.1
3.4
3.8
1.5
2.1

4.3
3.3
4.1
1.7
2.6

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
4.4
4.2
3.5
4.7
4.4
3.9
4.4
5.1
1.7
2.3
2.1
3.0
3.8
3.3

4.4
5.0
4.3
2*3
4.1

4.0
5.5
3.8
2.4
3.9

4.1
5.0
2.9
2.2
3.5

3.4
4.0
2.0
2.1
2.9

2.3
3.1
1.3
1.5
2.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.8
2.2
1.7
2.6
2.2

2.5
2.3
1.2
2.0
2.2

2.4
2.0
1.1
2.1
2.2

2.2
2.0
1.1
2.4
2.0

2.5
2.1
1.3
2.5
2.0

2.8
2.3
1.5
2.7
2.3

3.6
3.2
2.2
3.7
3.0

2.9
2.8
2.1
3.0
2.4

3.4
2.7
2.4
3.5
2.9

3.4
2.5
2.6
3.5
2.8

3.2
2.1
2.2
2*6
2.1

2.3
1.3
1.7
1.9
1.5

1.8
•8
1.3
1.5
1.0

1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.5

1.5
2.2
1.9

1.4
2.1
1.8

1.6
2.2
2.0

1.8
2.4
2.3

2.1
2.8
2.5

2.9
3.5

2.5
2.9

3.1
3.2

3.0
3.1

2.7
2.5

2.0
1.8

1.4
1.2

1930

5.9

5.8

5.3

5.9

6.8

6.2

5.7

4.8

4.5

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

4.8
5.2
4.5
4.9
4.3

3.3
3.9
4.2
4.0
3.5

3.1
3.8
5.0
3.4
3.2

3.3
4.9
5.0
3.6
3.7

3.9
6.5
3.2
3.8
4.2

4.4
6.0
2.7
5.7
5.1

6.2
6.9
3.1
5.7
5.6

5.6
6.2
4.3
4.7
4.4

4.4
4.5
4.0
5.4
4.5

7.0
5.6
5.4
6.5
4.1

7.8
4.4
5.8
6.7
3.9

4.8
4.1
5.9
5.6
4.4

4.2
5.1
5.7
4.2
4.6

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

4.0
5.2
4.8
3.7
4.0

4.1
3.9
6.9
3.6
3.9

3.5
3.2
5.0
3.0
4.1

3.2
3.4
4.9
3.4
3.9

3.8
3.6
5.3
4.0
4.1

3.9
3.9
5.2
4.1
4.4

4.0
4.9
5.4
4.1
4.1

3.8
4.3
4.5
3.9
4.1

5.5
4.7
3.6
3.5
3.5

4.2
5.7
4.4
3.5
4.1

4.0
6.9
4.2
3.7
4.0

3.7
8.0
3.8
3.7
3.8

4.1
9.6
4.7
4.2
4.0

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

4.7
7.8
8.6
8.1
9.6

3.9
5.9
8.1
7.6
7.0

3.5
5.6
8.1
7.5
6.8

3.8
5.9
8.6
8.2
7.6

4.6
7.1
8.6
7.8
7.6

4.4
7.6
7.8
8.2
8.1

4.7
8.0
8.6
8.6
9.4

5.1
8.0
9.1
7.9
9.0

4.9
8.2
9.8
9.2
19.1

5.7
10.1
10.1
9.5
13.8

5.2
10.1
8.8
8.1
10.8

4.3
8.8
7.8
7.3
8.7

5.8
7.7
7.8
6.7
7.0

NEW HIRES
4.4
3.4
4.2
1.5
2.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES(l)
6.6
6.0
6.0
7.1

L BEGINNING JANUARY 1943 LABOR TURNOVER RATES REFER TO ALL EMPLOYEESt PREVIOUSLY* TO PRODUCTION WORKERS
)
ONLY*




37

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y to r

Annual
A vuragu

January

February

March

A p ril

JUIM

M ay

July

August

Suptumbar

Octobar

Novum bur Ducambar

MANUFACTURING— CONTINUED
SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES— CONTINUED
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

7.2
5.7
5.4
5.0
4.1

7.7
5.6
4.9
5.2
3.5

7.2
5.1
5.3
4.7
3.4

7.4
5.4
5.0
5.3
3.2

7.3
6.0
5.4
5.5
3.2

7.3
6.2
5.0
6.0
3.6

7.0
5.8
5.6
5.3
3.7

6*9
5*5
5*3
4.5
3.5

7.8
6.2
6.0
4.7
4.9

8.6
7.3
6.7
5.2
6.1

7.9
6.3
5.7
5.2
5.4

6.0
4.9
5.0
4.9
4.8

5.4
4.5
5.2
3.9
4.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

5.3
4.9
5.1
4.1
3.9

4.7
4.5
4.3
4.9
3.3

4.3
4.4
4.1
4.0
2.8

4.6
4.1
4.6
4.1
3.3

5.3
4.7
4.9
4.4
3.6

5.6
4.5
5.1
3.8
3.7

5.3
4.8
5.2
3.8
4.0

5.3
6.0
5.1
3.7
4.1

6.2
5.4
5.6
4.1
4.7

6.4
6.1
6.5
4.9
5.5

5.9
5.3
5.7
4.2
4.4

5.2
4.3
5.3
3.7
3.8

4.2
4.1
4.8
3.6
3.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.3

4.1
3.8
5.4
3.7
3.6

4.1
3.4
4.1
3.1
3.5

3.9
3.7
4.5
3.3
4.0

3.9
3*8
4.4
3.6
4.2

4.3
3.9
3.9
3.5
3.9

4.2
3.7
3.5
3.6
4.0

3.8
3.7
3.7
4.0
4.4

4.6
4.7
4.1
4.6
4.8

5.5
5.5
4.5
5.3
5.3

4.4
5.0
4.1
5.5
4.7

4.0
4.9
3.6
4.7
4.5

3.4
4.6
3.5.
3.9
4.8

1961
1962
1963

4.0
4.1

4.7
3.9
4.0

3.9
3.4
3.2

3.8
3.6
3.5

3.4
3*6
3*6

3.5
3.8
3.6

3.6
3.8

4.1
4.4

4.2
5.1

5.1
5.0

4.2
4.4

4.0
4.0

4.0
3.8

1930

1.9

2.2

1.9

2.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES!1)
2.3
2.6
1.7
2.3

1.7

1.9

1.6

1 .1

.9

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

1.1
.9
1.1
1.1
1.1

•8
•8
•8
1.1
.9

•8
•8
•6
i.i
•8

1.1
1.1
.6
1.1
.9

1.4
1.1
.7
1.4
1*1

1.3
•8
.9
1.2
1.4

1.2
.9
1.2
1.1
1.0

1.4
.7
1.6
.9
1.1

1.3
•8
1.4
1.0
1*1

1.5
2.1
2.0
1.4

1.2
.9
1.1
•9
1.1

.9
.6
1.0
•8

•8
.7
.8
.7
.8

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

1.3
1.5
•8
1.0
(2)1.1

•8
1.5
.6
1.1
.7

•8
1.4
.6
.7
.7

1.1
1.7
.7
.9
.8

1*5
1.7
.7
1.0
.9

1.3
1.6
.7
.8
.9

1.3
2.3
.7
.9
1.0

1.5
1.6
.7
.9
1.1

1.4
1.4
•8
1.0
1.3

2.0
2.0

1.6
1.4

1 .0

1 .0

1.4
1.7

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

2.4
4.6
6.3
6.2
6.1

1.5
2.8
5.3
5.4
5.4

1.6
2.9
5.6
5.5
5.1

2.0
3.5
6.4
5.9
5.9

2.6
4.4
6.6
6*0
5.9

2.5
4.4
5.5
6.1
5.5

2.6
4.8
6.4
6.6
6.2

2.9
5.0
7.0
6.2
6.3

3.0
5.2
7.6
7.5
7.2

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

5.2
4.1
3.4
1.9
2.3

5.0
4.1
3.1
2.0
1.3

4.7
3.8
3.0
1.7
1.2

4.9
4.0
3.3
1.9
1.4

5.2
4.5
3*6
2.1
1.6

4.8
4.0
3.2
1.8
1.8

4.9
3.8
3.6
1.8
2.1

5.7
3.8
3.6
1.7
2.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

2.9
2.8
2.8
1.4
1.9

2.5
2.2
2.5
1.3
1.2

2.5
2.3
2.5
1.2
1.2

3.0
2.4
3.0
1.2
1.5

3.3
2.7
3.3
1.4
1.8

3.2
2.5
3.1
1.2
1.7

3.1
2.7
3.2
1.3
1.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.9
1.6
1.1
1.5
1.3

1.6
1.5
.9
1.1
1.2

1.6
1.4
•8

1.8
1.6
•8
1.4
1.4

1.8
1.6
.9
1.5
1.3

2.0
1.6

1.2

1.7
1.5
•8
1.2
1.2

1961
1962
1963

1.2
1.4

.9
1.1
1.1

•8
1.1
1.0

.9
1.2
1.2

1.0
1.3
1.3

1.1
1.5
1.4

1930

3.6

3.1

2.7

3.0

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

3.5
4.2
3.2
3.7
3.0

2.3
2.9
3.2
2.7
2.4

2.0
2.7
4.2
2.1
2.1

2.0
3.6
4.2
2.3
2.5

2.3
5.2
2.3
2.3
2.9

2.8
5.1
1.5
4.4
3.5

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

2.4
3.5
3.9
2.6
2.6

3.1
2.2
6.2
2.4
3.0

2.4
1.5
4.2
2.1
3.0

2.0
1.6
4.0
2.4
2.7

2.2
1.7
4.4
2.9
3.1

2.5
2.1
4.4
3.2
3.3

1 .0

1 .0

l.l
1.6

1.4
.9
.8
1.0
1.4

1.3
.7
.7
•8
1.2

3.5
6.4
7.8
7.6
7.8

2.6
5.8
6.5
6.2
6.9

2.0
5.3
5.7
5.8
6.0

2.1
4.3
5.1
5.0
4.7

6.4
4.8
4.1
2*2
3*5

6.6
5.6
4.8
2.6
4.2

5.8
4.5
3.5
1.9
3.4

4.7
3.4
2.8
1.5
2.7

3.0
2.7
3.1
1.4
2.0

3.7
3.6
3.5
1.7
2.7

3.8
4.3
3.8
2.2
3.5

3.1
3.5
2.6
1.5
2.2

2.4
2.7
1.9
1.3
1.8

1.6
2.0
1.3

2.7
2.3
1.5
2.1
1.8

3.2
2.7
1.9
2.6
2.3

2.1
1.6
1.3
1.7
1.3

1.6

1.2
•8
.8

1.5
1.4

1.9
1.7
1.1
1.6
1.4

1.2
1.5

1.2
1.4

1.7
2.1

2.3
2.4

1.4
1.5

l.l

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES!1)
2.9
3.2
3.7
5.1

4.6

3.9

3.8

3.5

3.4

4.7
5.9
1.5
4.3
4.3

4.0
5.4
2.4
3.6
3*2

2.8
3.5
2.2
4.2
3.1

5.3
4.5
2.9
4.3
2.5

6.5
3.4
4.6
5.7
2.6

3.8
3.4
4.8
4.7
3.3

3.3
4.3
4.8
3.4
3.7

2.3
2.3
4.5
3.1
2.8

2.2
2.5
3.7
2.9
2.8

3.7
3.0
2.7
2.4
1.9

1.9
3.5
3.3
2.0
1.9

2.2
5.4
3.1
2.4
2.0

2.1
7.0
2.9
2.5
2.0

2.7
8.8
3.9
3.3
2.4

1 .0

(1) BEGINNING JANUARY 1943 LABOR TURNOVER RATES REFER TO all
ONLY.
(2) QUITS INCLUDE MISCELLANEOUS SEPARATIONS PRIOR TO 1940.




1 .0

emp l o y e e s ;

1 .1
1 .0

1.2
.9
1 .1

PREVIOUSLY* TO PROOUCTION WORKERS

3.5
2 .7

2.0
1.0
2.0

1 .0

1.3

1 .0

.7
.9
•8

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

38

Yuar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

April

May

Junu

July

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novumbar

Ducambar

MANUFACTURING— CONTINUED
LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

1.6
1.3
.7
.7
2.6

1.8
1.8
•8
.9
.7

1.3
1.5
•5
.9
•8

1.2
1.3
•5
1.0
•8

1.4
1.5
.7
.7
.9

1.3
1.7
•6
.6
1.4

1.2
1.5
.6
.6
2.1

1.7
1.3
•6
•6
1.8

1.3
1.0
•6
•6
11.0

1.5
.9
•6
•8
5.1

1.8
1.1
.7
.7
3.0

1.8
.9
.9
.6
2.1

2.8
.9
1.3
•6
1.6

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.4
1.1
1.6
2.9
1.3

2.1
1.0
1.4
2.9
1.9

1.9
•9
1.9
2.5
1.9

2.0
1.0
1.3
3.0
1.5

1.6
1.1
1.4
3.2
1.4

1.8
1.7
1.3
3.9
1.3

1.5
1.4
1.4
3.1
1.1

.7
1.2
1.2
2.5
.7

•8
.9
1.4
2.1
.7

1.3
1.1
1.3
2.3
.9

1.3
1.2
1.6
3.0
1.1

•9
1.0
1.8
3.2
1.4

1.3
1.1
2.8
2.5
1.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.4
1.4
1.6
2.3
1.5

1.1
1.6
1.0
3.2
1.7

•9
1.4
.9
2.4
1.2

.9
1.2
.9
2.5
1.4

1.1
1.5
1.0
2.7
1.4

1.4
1.3
1.2
2.2
1.3

1*2
1.4
1.1
2.1
1.5

1.6
2.7
1.3
1.9
1.6

1.6
1.2
1.5
2.0
1.5

1.6
.9
1.9
2.1
1.4

1.8
.9
2.4
2.1
1.6

2.1
.9
2.9
2.0
1.5

1.9
1.3
3.2
2.2
1.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.7
2.1
2.6
2.0
2.4

1.9
1.7
4.0
2.1
1.8

2.0
1.5
2.9
1.5
1.7

1.7
1.5
3.3
1.6
2.2

1.6
1.7
3.2
1.6
2.2

1.9
1.8
2.6
1.4
1.9

1.6
1.4
2.0
1.4
2.0

1.5
1.6
2.3
1.8
2.4

1.4
1.9
2.1
1.8
2.4

1.8
2.3
2.1
2.0
2.4

1.7
3.0
2.3
3.2
2.8

1.9
3.4
2.2
2.9
3.1

1.6
3.4
2.4
2.4
3.6

1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.0

3.2
2.1
2.2

2.6
1.7
1.6

2.3
1.6
1.7

1.9
1.6
1.6

1.8
1.6
1.5

1.8
1.6

2.3
2.2

1.8
2.2

2.1
1.9

2.0
2.2

2.2
2.3

2.6
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.5
3.7
3.3
3.7
3.2

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
2.9
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.2
3.4
3.8
3.7
3.8
4.0
3.7

3.7
3.5
3.2
3.8
3.5

1958
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

4.9
3.4
3.2
4.4
3.6
3.5

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100' MALES
4.0
3.4
3.2
3.7
3.8
4.2
3.9
3.0
3.2
4.1
3.2

3.6
5.3
4.2
3.9
3.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.9
1.0
.7
.9
•9

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.7
.9
1.2
1.4
1.2
1.1
•8
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.1
1.4
1.0
1.2
1.3

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
4.8
4.9
4.6
5.2
4.8

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.8
5.7
4.8
6.1
4.0
5.3
4.7
5.9
4.8
6.2
4.4

5.0
4.9
4.6
5.7
5.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.8
4.7
4.8
5.4
5.0
5.3

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
5.5
4.4
4.6
5.0
5.1
5.1
4.6
4.8
4.7
5.3
4.6

5.4
5.9
5.8
5.2
5.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.6
1.8
1.4
1.7
1.6




FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.6
1.2
1.8
2.3
1.8
2.1
1.5
1.9
1.8
2.1
1.7

1.8
2.2
2.1
2.0
2.1

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

39

November

December

DURABLE G O O D S
A U EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

4,715
5,363

4,395
5,111

4,450
5,088

4,514
5,090

4,558
5,086

4,550
5,116

4,581
5,159

4,529
5,127

4,591
5,317

4,844
5,566

5,123
5,765

5,199
5,914

5,241
6,015

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

6,968
8,823
11,084
10,856
9,074

6,044
7,669
10,304
11,368
10,489

6,208
7,836
10,526
11,327
10,525

6,350
8,025
10,743
11,211
10,466

6,583
8,229
10,879
11,050
10,313

6,782
8,441
10,967
10,950
10,112

7,000
8,674
11,156
10,905
9,846

7,165
8,922
11,282
10,828
9,517

7,249
9, 179
11,332
10,762
9,150

7,432
9,364
11,342
10,579
7,219

7,555
9,606
11,461
10,460
7,107

7,609
9,827
11,552
10,403
7,139

7,634
10,101
11,458
10,434
7,005

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

7,742
8,385
8,326
7,489
8,094

7,136
8,416
6,426
8,048
7,377

6,286
8,478
8,364
7,936
7,364

6,921
8,501
8,414
7,827
7,468

7,524
8,470
8,301
7,670
7,609

7,620
8,349
8,235
7,470
7,882

7,812
8,387
8,215
7,413
8,050

7,965
8,164
8,250
7,277
8,077

8,177
8,248
8,293
7,324
8,407

8,302
8,333
8,378
7,440
8,535

8,332
8,385
8,405
7,024
8*742

8,414
8,424
8,364
7,093
8,784

8,412
8,470
8,266
7,341
8,830

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

9,089
9,349
10,110
9,129
9,541

8,881
9,170
10,024
9,540
9,116

9,002
9,237
10,147
9,425
9,214

9,099
9,275
10,272
9,329
9,322

9,133
9,307
10,285
9,214
9,417

9,114
9,267
10,266
9,103
9,497

9,155
8,913
10,289
9,077
9,616

9,011
8,622
10,178
8,836
9,514

9,059
9,249
10,159
8,841
9, 592

9,094
9,556
10,107
8,898
9,648

9,135
9,722
10,027
9,010
9,772

9, 180
9,872
9,848
9,127
9,878

9,207
9,994
9,723
9,146
9,910

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

9,834
9,856
8,830
9,373
9,459

9,847
10,008
9,252
9,100
9,672

9,817
10,016
9,005
9,160
9,706

9,771
9*996
8,825
9,296
9,650

9,848
9,952
8,646
9,410
9,595

9,799
9,918
8,562
9,536
9,560

9,811
9,945
8,632
9,668
9,540

9,325
9, 805
8,565
9,613
9,383

9,788
9,861
8,647
9,143
9,346

9,837
9,780
8,885
9,289
9,429

10,006
9,772
8,743
9,224
9,322

10,074
9,685
9,093
9,389
9,246

10,085
9,531
9,100
9,643
9,063

1961
1962
1963

9,072
9,493

8,892
9,258
9,481

8,795
9,322
9,474

8,803
9,377
9,508

8,865
9,463
9,593

9,027
9,518
9,673

9,138
9,590

9,083
9,507

9,117
9,455

9,222
9,638

9,237
9,633

9,360
9,606

9,330
9,546

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

1,200

1,245

1,297

1,481

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1,512
1,607
1,879
1,764
1,618

1,571
1,646
1,927
1,646
1,655

1,542
1,603
1,900
1,553
1,632

1,576
1,775
1,887
1,604
1,750

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,734
1,735
1,600
1,597
1,713

1,609
1,720

11623
1,710

1,726
1,722
1,498
1,634
1,687

1,652
1,682

1,675
1,680

1,669
1,685
1,476
1,663
1,652

1,686
1,672

1,735
1,696

1,797
1,739
1,563
1,740
1,677

1,713
1,667

1.722
1,616

1,592
1,693
1,740

1,585
1,706
1,737

1,583
1,720
1,737

1,588
1,731
1,742

1,613
1,747
1,752

1,633
1,767

1,619
1,750

1,658
1,764

1,682
1,795

1,710
1,805

1,729
1.798

1,715
1,768

1961
1962
1963

1,671
1,681
1,642
1,754

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

3,895
4,477

3,600
4,258

3,650
4,229

3,708
4,231

3,749
4,225

3,742
4,251

3,771
4,285

3,720
4,246

3,777
4,415

4,015
4, 664

4,277
4,854

4,348
4,991

4,388
5,078

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

5,947
7,589
9,548
9,197
7,541

5,113
6,564
8,910
9,707
8,857

5,252
6,712
9,098
9,651
8,895

5,393
6,881
9,281
9,516
8,820

5,604
7,062
9,395
9,372
8,669

5,787
7,248
9,454
9,278
8,482

5,983
7,449
9,619
9,227
8,236

6,125
7,662
9,728
9,144
7,908

6,198
7,896
9,758
9,096
7,575

6,370
8,074
9,759
8,945
5,820

6,478
8,279
9,851
8,838
5,740

6,524
8,493
9,916
8,782
5,777

6,531
8,747
9,809
8,812
5,717

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

6,412
7,028
6,925
6,122
6,705

5,839
7,070
7,050
6,650
6,032

5,018
7,126
6,966
6,541
6,024

5,667
7,149
7,022
6,433
6, 120

6,215
7,119
6,898
6,276
6,253

6,284
7,000
6,837
6,079
6,529

6,466
7,023
6,830
6,043
6,678

6,606
6,804
6,839
5,920
6,688

6,818
6, 888
6, 882
5,974
7,006

6,936
6,968
6,961
6,089
7,127

6,968
7,024
6,988
5,691
7,310

7,053
7,060
6,960
5,759
7,332

7,072
7,104
6,863
6,003
7,366

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

7,480
7,550
8,154
7,194
7,548

7,382
7,456
8,130
7,578
7,186

7,484
7,500
8,234
7,478
7,274

7,550
7,520
8,339
7,383
7,373

7,567
7,541
8,342
7,274
7,452

7,533
7,488
8,307
7,172
7,523

7,548
7,126
8,319
7,139
7,623

7,379
6,819
8,186
6,897
7,499

7,414
7,420
8,172
6,910
7, 567

7,443
7, 726
8,133
6,976
7,625

7,470
7,877
8,056
7,092
7,738

7,489
8,009
7,875
7,204
7,846

7,501
8,115
7,753
7,221
7,867

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

7,669
7,550
6,579
7,033
7,028

7,784
7,756
6,957
6,835
7,264

7,730
7,741
6,730
6,879
7,293

7,661
7,704
6,567
7,001
7,228

7,725
7,652
6,402
7,104
7,173

7,663
7,614
6,334
7,222
7,138

7,647
7,627
6,404
7,327
7,103

7,123
7,467
6,329
7,243
6,943

7,582
7,521
6,405
6,770
6,892

7,627
7,452
6,639
6,920
6,985

7,795
7,456
6,495
6,854
6,888

7,850
7,382
6,841
7,002
6,805

7,838
7,233
6,839
7,238
6,622

1961
1962
1963

6,620
6,946

6,456
6,771
6,896

6,357
6,826
6,884

6,365
6,865
6,919

6,435
6,941
7,010

6,590
6,986
7,083

6,685
7,036

6,623
6,936

6,650
6,883

6,760
7,064

6,780
7,059

6,889
7,026

6,851
6,962




*0

E M P L O Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yoar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

April

May

Junu

July

August

Suptumbur

October

November

Ducumbur

DURABLE GOODS - SIC 19,24,25.32-39— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1923
1924
1925

25*42
25*48
26*02

23.44
25.05
24*94

24.12
26.66
26.34

24.92
26.63
26.55

25.27
26.48
26.09

26.22
26.08
26.48

26.09
25.08
25.92

25.02
23.64
25.25

25.45
24.59
25.58

25.44
24.88
25.14

26.45
25.44
26.61

26.38
25.19
26.61

26.22
25.95
26.75

1926
1927
1928
1929
1930

26*23
26*28
26.86
26.84
24.42

25.31
25.01
25.57
25.95
24.65

26.52
26.67
27.11
27.52
25.86

26.81
27.12
27.30
27.77
26.11

26.50
27.01
27.06
27.92
26.21

26.36
27.06
27.29
27.85
25.94

26.37
26.41
26.91
27.17
25.52

25.24
25.39
26.08
25.78
23.50

26.10
26.22
26.84
26.84
23.30

25.92
25.71
26.54
26.79
23.49

26.94
26.31
27.61
27.02
23.59

26.43
25.90
26.96
25.77
22.54

26.30
26.53
26.99
25.59
22.40

1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

20.98
15.99
16.20
18.59
21.24

20.96
18.24
14.13
17.00
19.67

22.55
17.81
14.27
18.24
20.90

23.07
17.32
13.54
18.99
21.13

22.81
16.77
14.36
19.80
21.28

22.73
16.95
15.97
19.84
20.67

21.56
15.71
16.91
19.57
20.56

20.49
14.83
17.20
17.90
19.99

20.34
14.45
18.37
18.34
21.11

19.26
14.54
17.78
17.53
21.58

19.66
15.46
17.85
18.29
22.44

19.18
15.11
17.03
18.36
22.52

19.13
14.72
16.98
19.46
22.98

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

23.72
26.61
23.70
26.19
28.07

21.98
24.79
22.16
25.01
27.01

21.85
25.81
22.61
25.39
26.87

23.02
27.03
23.02
25.60
27.16

23.78
28.21
22.92
25.36
27.12

24.09
28.16
23.05
25.42
27.19

24.03
27.76
23.02
25.84
27.63

23.12
26.69
22.41
24.83
26.98

23.53
27.63
23.98
26.29
28.38

23.28
26.68
24. 56
26.50
28.90

24.80
27.16
25.52
27.97
29.72

25.24
25.23
25.35
27.63
29.38

26.12
23.70
25.74
28.11
30.27

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

33.56
42.17
48.73
51.38
48.36

30.08
38.50
46.07
50.55
52.86

31.11
39.21
46.51
50.70
52.63

31.58
39.92
47.18
50.84
52.52

31.88
40.41
48.05
50.95
52.25

33.46
41.27
48.63
51.15
50.94

34.53
41.72
48.71
51.42
51.09

33.45
41.97
48.15
50.34
49.95

34.51
43.35
48.99
51.15
45.14

34.81
43.88
50.34
51.52
43.39

35.74
44.79
50.59
52.50
43*66

35.49
45.72
51.00
52.38
43.17

36.46
45.68
49.83
53.02
43.57

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

46. 22
51.76
56.36
57.25
62.43

43.10
49.09
54.75
58.12
58.80

42.01
49.05
54.34
57.75
58.64

44.19
49.61
54.82
57.09
58.91

45.10
49.86
54.41
56.48
60*13

44.49
51.03
54.36
56.44
60.68

45.77
52.29
55.75
57.05
61.96

45.67
51.63
55.76
56.69
62.07

47.39
51.87
57.71
57.11
63.34

47.76
53.34
57.54
58.01
64.15

48.27
53.94
58.75
57.31
65.39

48.00
54.21
58.31
56*02
65.39

49.04
55.65
58.91
58.51
67.32

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

68.48
72.63
76.63
76.19
82.19

66.65
70.89
76.08
75.60
79.15

66.65
71.14
76.31
75.39
79.95

68.13
71.55
77.10
75.01
80.54

68*13
70*00
76.54
74.45
80.56

68.22
70.52
76.18
75.41
81.95

69.06
70.86
76.59
75.41
81.16

67.73
68.57
76.30
74.84
81.60

68.39
71.75
76.45
75.60
81.79

69.72
74.82
76.14
76.40
83.63

69.89
75.78
76.89
76.97
84.23

69.97
75.66
76.14
78.74
85.27

71.57
77.35
76.92
79.32
85.48

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

85.28
88*26
89.27
96.05
97.44

84.05
88.34
86.14
93.90
99.39

83.03
88.34
85.47
94.30
97.93

83.44
88.13
86.75
96.05
97.89

84.46
87.48
86.30
96.93
96.40

83.84
86.83
86*97
97.41
97.77

84.46
88.29
88.48
98.53
97.77

83.64
87.60
88.82
95.99
96.80

84.66
88.26
89.72
94.66
96.40

87.56
88.84
91.43
95.24
97.60

88.18
87.96
90.80
95.47
97.69

87.95
88.53
93.26
94.64
96.23

90.29
88.53
95.00
98.81
96.19

1961
1962
1963

100.35
104.70

96.29
103*17
105.82

96.29
103.53
106.23

96.78
104.04
106.49

98.31
105.22
106.37

99.70
104.81
108.36

100.69
105.06

100.35
104.04

100.44
103.89

99.85
105.88

102.66
105.37

103.98
105.78

105.32
107*53

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1932
1933
1934
1935

.492
.467
.550
.571

.524
•450
.523
.567

.530
•446
.524
.568

.517
.447
•529
.571

•516
•439
•550
.572

.512
•434
*559
•571

.497
•428
.559
.576

.491
*430
•561
.571

•480
.481
•561
.569

.469
.508
.560
.565

.456
.513
.556
.568

.455
.513
.558
.573

.453
•516
.564
.576

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

•580
•667
.679
.691
.716

.577
•606
.686
•689
.709

.575
.613
•683
•688
.709

.577
.633
•683
•690
.711

•580
•667
•682
•689
.710

.579
.677
•680
•687
.710

.579
.677
.677
•689
.714

.578
.686
.669
•684
.710

.574
•684
•666
.681
.713

.572
.684
•671
.690
.719

.578
.691
.677
.694
.723

.587
.693
•687
•696
.729

.606
•691
•690
.708
.733

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.799
.937
1.048
1.105
1.099

.741
•881
1.006
1.087
1.132

.746
•883
1.009
1.088
1.127

.752
•889
1.019
1.091
1.127

.770
.902
1.029
1.098
1.126

.793
.915
1.039
1.100
1*122

•805
•925
1.043
1.101
1.118

•806
*939
1.049
1.104
1.115

.810
.959
1.049
1.100
1.101

.823
•986
1.085
1.120
1.061

•833
.980
1.074
1.117
1.052

.847
.994
1.085
1.124
1.053

.860
.993
1.081
1.128
1.055

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.144
1.278
1.395
1.453
1.519

1.059
1.209
1.342
1.453
1.470

1.053
1.214
1.345
1.451
1.466

1.091
1.222
1.347
1.449
1*469

1.119
1.231
1.350
1.452
1.481

1.135
1.263
1.359
1*451
1.491

1.153
1.288
1.380
1.459
1.504

1.165
1.294
1.401
1.461
1.514

1.173
1.300
1.425
1.457
1.519

1.188
1.317
1.442
1.465
1.542

1.189
1.322
1.447
1.440
1.557

1.197
1.332
1.447
1.440
1.568

1.202
1.341
1.451
1.459
1.599

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.65
1.75
1.86
1.90
1.99

1.61
1.70
1.82
1.89
1.94

1.61
1.71
1.83
1*88
1.95

1.63
1.72
1.84
1.88
1.95

1.63
1.72
1.84
1.88
1.96

1.64
1.72
1.84
1.89
1.97

1.66
1.72
1.85
1.89
1.97

1.66
1.71
1.87
1.89
2.00

1.66
1.75
1.86
1.89
1.99

1.68
1.79
1.88
1.91
2.02

1.68
1.80
1.88
1.91
2.02

1.69
1.81
1.88
1.93
2.04

1.70
1.82
1.89
1.93
2.04




41

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yuar

Annual
Avurag*

January

February

April

March

May

Junn

July

August

Suptumbur

October

Novumbur

Ducumbur

DURABLE GOODS - SIC 19*24*25*32-39— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.08
2.19
2.26
2.36
2.43

2.04
2.16
2.22
2.33
2.43

2.03
2.16
2.22
2.34
2.43

2.04
2.16
2.23
2.36
2.43

2.06
2.16
2.23
2.37
2.41

2.06
2.16
2.23
2.37
2.42

2.07
2.18
2.24
2.38
2.42

2.06
2.19
2.26
2.37
2.42

2.08
2.19
2.26
2.32
2.41

2.12
2.21
2.28
2.34
2.44

2.13
2.21
2.27
2.34
2.43

2.14
2.23
2.32
2.36
2.43

2.16
2.23
2.34
2.41
2.46

1961
1962
1963

2.49
2.56

2.45
2.56
2.60

2.45
2.55
2.61

2.45
2.55
2.61

2.47
2.56
2.62

2.48
2.55
2.63

2.48
2.55

2.49
2.55

2.48
2.54

2.49
2.57

2.51
2.57

2.53
2.58

2.55
2.61

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1932
1933
1934
1935

32.5
34.7
33.8
37.2

34.8
31.4
32.5
34.7

33.6
32.0
34.8
36.8

33.5
30.3
35.9
37.0

32.5
32.7
36.0
37.2

33.1
36.8
35.5
36.2

31.6
39.5
35.0
35.7

30.2
40.0
31.9
35.0

30.1
38.2
32.7
37.1

31.0
35.0
31.3
38.2

33.9
34.8
32.9
39.5

33.2
33.2
32.9
39.3

32.5
32.9
34.5
39.9

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

40.9
39.9
34.9
37.9
39.2

38.1
40.9
32.3
36.3
38.1

38.0
42.1
33.1
36.9
37.9

39.9
42.7
33.7
37.1
38.2

41.0
42.3
33.6
36.8
38.2

41.6
41.6
33.9
37.0
38.3

41.5
41.0
34.0
37.5
38.7

40.0
38.9
33.5
36.3
38.0

41.0
40.4
36.0
38.6
39.8

40.7
39.0
36.6
38.4
40.2

42.9
39.3
37.7
40.3
41.1

43.0
36.4
36.9
39.7
40.3

43.1
34.3
37.3
39.7
41.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

42.0
45.0
46.5
46.5
44.0

40.6
43.7
45.8
46.5
46.7

41.7
44.4
46.1
46.6
46.7

42.0
44.9
46.3
46.6
46.6

41.4
44.8
46.7
46.4
46*4

42.2
45.1
46.8
46.5
45.4

42.9
45.1
46.7
46.7
45.7

41.5
44.7
45.9
45.6
44.8

42.6
45.2
46.7
46.5
41.0

42.3
44.5
46.4
46.0
40.9

42.9
45.7
47.1
47.0
41.5

41.9
46.0
47.0
46.6
41.0

42.4
46.0
46.1
47.0
41.3

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.4
40.5
40.4
39.4
41.1

40.7
40.6
40.8
40.0
40.0

39.9
40.4
40.4
39.8
40.0

40.5
40.6
40.7
39.4
40.1

40.3
40.5
40.3
38.9
40.6

39.2
40.4
40.0
38.9
40.7

39.7
40.6
40.4
39.1
41.2

39.2
39.9
39.8
38.8
41.0

40.4
39.9
40.5
39.2
41.7

40.2
40.5
39.9
39.6
41.6

40.6
40.8
40.6
39.8
42.0

40.1
40.7
40.3
38.9
41.7

40.8
41.5
40.6
40.1
42.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.5
41.5
41.2
40.1
41.3

41.4
41.7
41.8
40.0
40.8

41.4
41.6
41.7
40.1
41.0

41.8
41.6
41.9
39.9
41.3

41.8
40.7
41.6
39.6
41.1

41.6
41.0
41.4
39.9
41.6

41.6
41.2
41.4
39.9
41.2

40.8
40.1
40.8
39.6
40.8

41.2
41.0
41.1
40.0
41.1

41.5
41.8
40.5
40.0
41.4

41.6
42.1
40.9
40.3
41.7

41.4
41.8
40.5
40.8
41.8

42.1
42.5
40.7
41.1
41.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.0
40.3
39.5
40.7
40.1

41.2
40.9
38.8
40.3
40.9

40.9
40.9
38.5
40.3
40.3

40.9
40.8
38.9
40.7
40.2

41.0
40.5
38.7
40.9
40.0

40.7
40.2
39.0
41.1
40.4

40.8
40.5
39.5
41.4
40.4

40.6
40.0
39.3
40.5
40.0

40.7
40.3
39.7
40.8
40.0

41.3
40.2
40.1
40.7
40.0

41.4
39.8
40.0
40.8
40.2

41*1
39.7
40.2
40.1
39.6

41.8
39.7
40.6
41.0
39.1

1961
1962
1963

40.3
40.9

39.3
40.3
40.7

39.3
40.6
40.7

39.5
40.8
40.8

39.8
41.1
40.6

40.2
41.1
41.2

40.6
41.2

40.3
40.8

40.5
40.9

40.1
41.2

40.9
41.0

41.1
41.0

41.3
41.2

PRODUC TION-WORK ER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.0
2.4
1.9
2.7
2.4

3.1
2.9
1.5
2.3
2.9

2.9
2.7
1.5
2.4
2.7

2.8
2.6
1.4
2.6
2.5

2.9
2.4
1.4
2.7
2.1

2.8
2.2
1.5
2.8
2.4

2.8
2.4
1.7
3.0
2.4

2.7
2.3
1.7
2.8
2.3

2.8
2.3
2.1
3.0
2.4

3.3
2.4
2.3
3.0
2.5

3.3
2.2
2.3
2.9
2.5

3.3
2.2
2.5
2.5
2.1

3.4
1.8
2.7
2.8
2.0

1961
1962
1963

2.3
2.8

1.8
2.6
2.6

1.8
2.5
2.6

1.8
2.7
2.7

2.0
2.7
2.5

2.1
2.8
2.9

2.3
3.0

2.3
2.8

2.5
2.8

2.7
3.1

2.7
2.9

2.9
3.0

3.0
3.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.5
4.2
3.5
3.9
3.8

2.7
4.0
4.1
3.8
4.3
3.5

2.5
3.9
3.5
3.2
3.6
3.2

2.8
4.4
3.2
4.2
3.8
3.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3*0
3.4
4.4
3.8
4.3
4.2
5.0
3.8
4.1
3.3
3.7
3.3
4.2
3.9
4.2
4.5
4.5
4.1
3.8
4.0
3.8
3.8

4.6
4.7
4.4
4.8
4.5

5.0
4.7
4.4
4.3
4.5

4.0
3.6
3.3
4.0
3.6

3.3
3.4
2.6
3.2
2.8

2.8
4.3
2.2
2.7
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.5
1.9
1.9
2.3

1.0
2.0
2.2
1.3
2.2
1.7

.9
2.1
2.1
1.2
2.1
1.7

1.0
2.4
1.9
1.4
2.2
1.8

NEW HIRES
1.1
2.6
1.8
1.6
2.4
2.2

2.0
3.1
2.3
2.6
2.6

2.4
3.2
2.2
2.6
2.6

2.1
2.4
1.9
2.5
2.2

1.7
1.7
1.3
1.9
1.6

1.4
1.6
.9
1.4
1.1




PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.7
1.3
3.5
2.6
2.7
2.0
2.5
1.9
2.5
2.0
1.8
3.1
2.4
2.6
2.3

42

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yaar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

April

May

Jun«

July

August

Saptambar

October

Novambar

Dacambar

DURABLE GOODS - SIC 19,24,25,32-39— CONTINUED

4.1
4.0
4.3
3.9
3.8

5.9
3.6
3.3
5.0
3.7
3.7

4.5
3.0
3.5
4.2
3.2
3.1

4.9
3.2
4.3
4.0
3.5
3.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 employees
4.5
4.1
3.5
3.8
3.9
3.3
3.3
3.4
4.5
3.9
4.2
4.1
3.5
4.3
3.1
3.3
3.3
3.6
3.8
4.4
3.3
3.3

4.0
4.6
5.0
3.9
5.3

4.0
4.9
4.9
4.3
4.3

3.6
6.0
4.4
3.7
3.9

3.1
4.9
4.5
3.6
3.6

3.2
3.6
5.0
3.8
3.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.2

•8
.9
1.1
.7
1.0
.9

•6
.9
1.0
•6
.9
.9

.7
1.1
l.l
•8
1.1
1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
.8
.9
.9
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.2
1.2
l.l
1.2
.9
.8
1.0
1.0
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.1

1.2
1.9
1.5
1.5
1.8

1.6
2.3
1.8
1.9
2.0

1.1
1.5
1.0
1.2
1.3

.9
1.1
.8
1.0
1.0

.7
.9
.6
.8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.0
2.5
2.2
1.9

4.6
2.0
1.7
3.7
1.9
2.0

3.4
1.5
1.8
3.1
1.5
1.6

3.8
1.5
2.5
2.6
1.6
1.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
2.5
3.4
2.2
1.3
1.8
1.4
1.2
2.4
2.0
2.7
2.2
1.7
1.8
2.7
1.7
1.4
1.5
1.7
2.4
1.4
1.3

2.3
2.0
2.9
1.7
2.7

1.9
1.8
2.3
1.6
1.6

2.0
3.8
2.8
1.7
1.8

1.8
3.3
3.2
2.0
2.0

2.1
2.1
3.8
2.3
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.8
4.1
3.7
4.1
3.4

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
2.9
3.7
3.6
4.2
3.2
3.2
4.1
3.7
3.9
3.7
3.8

3.9
3.4
3.1
3.8
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.7
3.5
3.2
5.0
3.6
3.5

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
3.6
4.4
3.8
3.2
4.6
4.1
3.0
4.4
4.4
3.2
3.2

3.5
6.1
4.4
3.6
3.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.8
1.0
.6
.9
•8

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.6
.8
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.1
.9
.8
1.1
1.1
l.l

1.0
1.4
.9
1.1
i.l

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
4.6
4.4
4.1
4.9
4.2

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.3
4.2
4.7
4.5
3.3
3.8
4.5
4.4
4.6
4.3
4.0

4.7
4.4
3.9
5.1
4.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.8
4.0
4.0
5.1
4.2
4.7

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.9
5.0
3.7
4.2
4.6
4.3
3.6
4.0
3.7
4.4
3.8

4.3
5.4
4.6
4.0
4.3

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.4
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.4

-4 o a*
o

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.9
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.2
1.7
1.5
1.4

1 .6

2.0

1.5
1 .8

1.7

O R D N A N C E A N D A C C E S S O R IE S - SIC 19
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

11
22




10
13

11
15

11
17

11
18

11
19

11
21

11
22

11
24

12
26

12
28

13
30

13
34

43

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September j October

November

December

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 19— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

71
329
486
368
245

39
176
482
424
370

42
208
485
414
378

46
241
496
387
374

50
276
501
358
368

53
308
493
354
358

62
332
492
353
327

68
364
489
354
288

73
375
487
353
231

81
384
488
352
86

95
405
489
351
68

109
429
485
350
56

139
454
443
360
41

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

30
27
28
26
30

38
26
28
28
25

34
26
28
28
25

32
27
28
28
26

31
27
28
28
27

28
27
28
27
27

28
27
28
26
28

29
27
28
25
28

27
24
28
24
30

30
27
28
24
32

28
27
28
24
35

28
27
28
25
36

27
27
28
25
37

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

77.0
178.7
234.3
163.3
141.2

39.6
141.3
214.9
210.7
146.3

43.1
150.0
222.1
195.7
144.1

46.6
158.2
233.4
180.4
144.9

54.1
165.1
237.6
169.0
142.9

59.7
172.8
244.3
158.2
141.9

66.1
177.8
246.4
153.8
141.4

76.9
182.6
249.1
150.3
141.8

86.6
189.9
240.8
148.3
141.3

96.8
195.8
237.8
149.8
140.6

109.7
199.3
235.0
148.5
137.4

119.4
203.1
228.6
147.3
137.1

125.3
208.8
221.2
147.0
134.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

138.5
140.2
145.4
176.5
202.2

135.6
144.8
131.4
165.0
194.2

135.0
144.0
134.0
165.4
196.0

134.9
144.0
135.8
167.1
198.1

135.5
143.7
138.4
168.3
198.3

136.1
142.2
140.3
170.2
198.5

137.9
141.6
143.4
173.1
199.3

139.1
141.4
146.6
177.9
196.7

138.1
142.0
149.5
179.4
203.9

141.2
139.0
151.9
183.9
205.8

141.4
134.9
152.2
185.3
207.2

142.7
132.6
158.7
189.1
212.6

144.9
131.7
162.1
193.1
216.0

1961
1962
1963

234.7
270.7

217.9
254.8
279.8

220.6
257.0
279.2

223.0
262.6
277.9

225.2
264.9
273.9

228.5
266.0
274.5

232.1
267.4

236.8
274.6

239.3
280.3

243.0
279.2

247.2
279.4

250.4
281.0

252.7
280.7

FEMALE 1MPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
E
1950

4.1

4.5

5.0

C
O
•
«
o

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

8.2
39.3
57.8
54.4
31.7

12.2
46.2
64.2
40.2
30.6

18.1
50.2
67.5
34.7
28.4

27.5
53.6
63.0
32.5
27.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

26.8
26.6
24.3
29.5
36.4

29.9
36.7

30.4
37.2

26.3
26.6
25.2
31.0
37.3

31.1
37.5

31.6
37.7

26.2
26.2
25.7
32.5
37.7

32.8
39.0

33.8
39.3

26.2
24.4
27.2
34.4
39.9

35.1
40.7

37.1
41.3

43.6
50.8
50.6

44.0
52.1
51.2

44.6
52.3

44.6
53.2

45.6
53.7

46.2
53.3

47.1
53.3

48.4
53.4

48.6
53.0

32.4
38.4

1961
1962
1963

45.0
51.9

41.8
48.6
52.3

42.3
49.0
52.1

42.7
50.3
51.7

1939
1940

9
17

8
11

8
12

8
13

8
14

8
14

8
16

9
17

9
18

9
20

1C
22

11
23

11
25

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

55
274
412
309
202

29
141
408
357
312

32
167
410
350
320

35
197
421
322
315

38
229
425
302
309

40
255
417
297
300

47
277
417
294
273

52
303
415
296
237

56
313
412
297
188

63
322
413
297
58

76
337
415
295
47

87
361
410
294
39

109
383
376
303
29

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

23
22
23
20
23

28
21
23
23
19

25
22
23
23
19

24
22
23
23
20

24
22
23
22
21

22
22
23
21
21

22
22
23
21
22

23
22
23
19
22

20
19
23
18
23

23
2?
23
18
25

22
22
23
10
27

22
22
23
19
28

21
23
23
19
29

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

59.3
130.2
173.6
113.1
91.7

31.0
105.4
159.2
155.1
96.9

33.7
110.3
165.0
143.1
95.1

36.3
115.2
173.2
129.5
95.5

42.0
120.5
176.1
118.3
93.5

46.3
126.3
181.0
108.8
92.9

51.0
129.3
182.1
105.0
92.1

60.7
130.7
184.8
102.2
91.6

67.8
136.3
179.2
99.4
91.0

74.0
141.4
177.4
100.8
90.0

84.0
143.9
174.6
99.3
8 7.7

91.0
148.7
167.8
98.1
87.9

94.2
153.9
162.8
97.9
86.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

84.9
80.4
74.8
85.7
94.6

86.8
85.1
71.4
83.0
92.3

85.7
84.4
71.6
82.5
93.3

83.9
84.4
72.2
83.1
94.0

85.0
83.9
73.7
83.2
93.3

84.5
82.2
73.5
83.5
93.1

84.7
81.7
74.5
84.4
92.4

83.7
79.9
73.3
85.0
93.4

82.0
81.2
74.1
85.0
93.8

84.4
78.8
76.4
88.3
96.0

85.0
75.4
75.2
89.2
96.0

85.6
74.1
80.0
89.5
98.5

86.9
73.1
82.0
91.1
99.3

1961
1962
1963

106.8
119.7

99.4
115.2
121.4

100.3
115.4
120.3

101.6
116.4
119.8

101.3
117.9
117.5

104.0
118.0
118.1

104.9
118.0

106.2
120.7

107.6
124.0

111.2
122.9

114.0
122.4

115.5
123.3

115.7
122.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS




44

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 19— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

53.81
57.28
58.80
65.06

51.78
54.65
58.14
60.73

52.03
54.78
59.29
60.91

52.20
56.27
57.93
61.34

51.73
56.18
54.13
61.46

53.30
56.80
59.36
61.69

53.94
57.24
58.75
61.93

53.82
58.00
59.68
64.97

52.85
57.47
58.47
66.20

55.22
58.91
59.80
67.50

55.44
59.36
60.00
68.73

55.61
59.57
59.85
70.60

57.94
58.69
60.88
68.41

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.04
77.35
78.14
79.80
83.63

69.64
77.18
76.11
77.81
81.39

70.81
78.59
77.64
78.61
82.41

72.76
78.76
77.71
79.40
82.62

70.81
77.15
76.76
78.41
82.62

72.50
73.12
78.50
79.00
83.03

71.15
77.76
79.13
79.60
83.64

73.19
75.60
78.12
80.00
82.80

73.68
74.07
78.36
80.40
82.61

76.39
80.14
79.37
80.79
85.47

75.60
78.54
79.17
81.61
85.47

75.43
75.30
76.43
82.01
86.92

77.50
77.00
79.17
82.42
86.92

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

91.72
95.58
102.41
106.30
108.94

87.74
95.91
100.86
106.81
108.50

88.38
96.33
99.14
105.06
108.12

88.97
95.82
100.85
105.06
109.03

90.47
95.76
100.44
104.55
107.45

90.89
94.13
100.85
106.40
108.09

91.69
94.94
101.25
106.45
107.06

91.91
93.69
101.50
104.86
107.86

90.80
93.93
102.06
103.83
107.73

94.05
95.12
104.30
106.04
110.16

95.34
95.04
104.65
107.38
109.21

94.66
96.07
104.81
108.21
110.16

96.87
98.82
108.10
109.93
110.57

1961
1962
1963

113.29
116.31

112.34
114.24
119.65

111.93
115.77
119.65

112.48
116.47
118.20

111.93
117.16
115.14

112.06
116.47
117.67

112.06
115.90

112.31
114.21

113.15
115.34

114.11
116.72

115.64
116.03

116.62
117.71

117.18
120.10

PRODUCTION-WORKER ,VERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
A
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.306
1.387
1.481
1.564

1.263
1.333
1.432
1.522

1.266
1.336
1.446
1.519

1.270
1.356
1.474
1.522

1.271
1.367
1.487
1.525

1.300
1.372
1.484
1.527

1.303
1.386
1.491
1.533

1.316
1.401
1.492
1.536

1.305
1.395
1.484
1.565

1.337
1.416
1.495
1.577

1.336
1.420
1.500
1.602

1.340
1.432
1.500
1.638

1.357
1.428
1.507
1.621

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.71
1.82
1.92
2.00
2.07

1.67
1.75
1.87
1.96
2.05

1.67
1.77
1.88
1.98
2.05

1.70
1.79
1.90
1.99
2.05

1.67
1.79
1.90
1.99
2.05

1.69
1.80
1.91
1.99
2.05

1.69
1.80
1.93
2.00
2.06

1.71
1.80
1.91
2.01
2.07

1.69
1.82
1.93
2.02
2.Q6

1.74
1.89
1.95
2.03
2.10

1.73
1.87
1.95
2.03
2.10

1.73
1.85
1.93
2.03
2.12

1.73
1.86
1.95
2.04
2.12

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.21
2.36
2.51
2.58
2.67

2.14
2.30
2.46
2.58
2.64

2.14
2.31
2.46
2.55
2.65

2.17
2.32
2.49
2.55
2.64

2.18
2.33
2.48
2.55
2.64

2.19
2.33
2.49
2.57
2.63

2.22
2.35
2.50
2.59
2.65

2.22
2.36
2.50
2.57
2.65

2.22
2.36
2.52
2.57
2.66

2.25
2.39
2.55
2.58
2.70

2.27
2.40
2.54
2.60
2.69

2.27
2.42
2.55
2.62
2.70

2.29
2.44
2.58
2.63
2.73

1961
1962
1963

2.77
2.83

2.74
2.80
2.89

2.75
2.81
2.89

2.75
2.82
2.89

2.75
2.83
2.85

2.76
2.82
2.87

2.76
2.82

2.78
2.82

2.78
2.82

2.79
2.84

2.80
2.83

2.81
2.85

2.81
2.88

PRODUCTION-WORKER i VERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
A
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.2
41.3
39.7
41.6

41.0
41.0
40.6
39.9

41.1
41.0
41.0
40.1

41.1
41.5
39.3
40.3

40.7
41.1
36.4
40.3

41.0
41.4
40.0
40.4

41.4
41.3
39.4
40.4

40.9
41.4
40.0
42.3

40.5
41.2
39.4
42.3

41.3
41.6
40.0
42.8

41.5
41.8
40.0
42.9

41.5
41.6
39.9
43.1

42.7
41.1
40.4
42.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.3
42.5f
40.7
39.9
40.4

41.7
44.1
40.7
39.7
39.7

42.4
44.4
41.3
39.7
40.2

42.8
44.0
40.9
39.9
40.3

42.4
43.1
40.4
39.4
40.3

42.9
43.4
41.1
39.7
40.5

42.1
43.2
41.0
39.8
40.6

42.8
42.0
40*9
39.8
40.0

43.6
40.7
40.6
39.8
40.1

43.9
42.4
40.7
39.8
40.7

43.7
42.0
40.6
40.2
40.7

43.6
40.7
39.6
40.4
41.0

44.8
41.4
40.6
40.4
41.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.5
40.5
40.8
41.2
40.8

41.0
41.7
4L0
41.4
41.1

41.3
41.7
40.3
41.2
40.8

41.0
41.3
40.5
41.2
41.3

41.5
41.1
40.5
41.0
40.7

41.5
40.4
40.5
41.4
41.1

41.3
40.4
40.5
41.1
40.4

41.4
39.7
40.6
40.8
40.7

40.9
39.8
40.5
40.4
40.5

41.8
39.8
40.9
41.1
40.8

42.0
39.6
41.2
41.3
40.6

41.7
39.7
41.1
41.3
40.8

42.3
40.5
41.9
41.8
40.5

1961
1962
1963

40.9
41.1

41.0
40.8
41.4

40.7
41.2
41.4

40.9
41.3
40.9

40.7
41.4
40.4

40.6
41.3
41.0

40.6
41.1

40.4
40.5

40.7
40.9

40.9
41.1

41.3
41.0

41.5
41.3

41.7
41.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.5
1.7
1.8
2.0
1.9

2.2
2.3
1.8
2.1
2.2

2.1
2.3
1.7
1.8
2.0

2.4
2.2
1.7
2.0
1.8

2.4
2.0
1.8
1.9
1.4

2.4
1.8
1.4
2.0
1.8

2.3
1.7
1.5
2.1
1.9

2.5
1.4
1.7
2.1
1.7

2.2
1.4
1.6
2.0
2.1

3.0
1.4
2.1
2.4
2.2

2.9
1.0
2.1
2.0
1.9

2.6
1.1
2.0
1.9
2.1

2.9
1.4
2.3
2.1
2.0

1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.2

1.8
2.0
2.6

1.9
2.0
2.5

2.1
2.1
2.1

2.1
2.3
1.6

1.4
2.1
2.2

1.4
2.1

1.4
2.2

1.7
2.1

1.8
2.1

2.1
2.3

2.1
2.4

2.1
2.9




45

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

September

August

October

November

December

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 19— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.7
3.2
2.6
2.9
2.9

3.2
3.3
2.4
2.9
3.2
2.5

3.4
3.2
2.4
2.6
3.3
2.2

4.0
3.9
2.3
2.3
3.1
2.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.4
5.1
4.0
3.1
3.1
2.7
4.2
2.0
2.2
3.0
2.1
2.5
3.1
2.7
3.4
3.0
3.0
4.0
3.2
2.5
2.3

3.7
3.3
2.8
2.7
2.8

3.8
3.3
3.2
3.7
2.6

3.9
3.1
3.6
3.5
2.6

3.3
2.6
2.5
2.8
1.9

2.9
2.1
2.5
2.3
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
2.5
1.9
2.1
2.0

2.4
2.5
1.7
2.1
2.4
1.4

2.3
2.3
1.9
1.8
2.3
1.3

3.2
3.0
1.8
1.6
1.9
1.1

NEW HIRES
2.9
2.1
1.5
2.0
2.1
1.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
4.3
3.1
1.9
2.6
3.4
1.6
1.8
1.6
1.9
2.7
2.4
2.1
2.5
3.0
1.4

2.9
2.6
2.2
1.9
2.0

3.1
2.7
2.2
2.8
1.9

3.1
2.6
2.7
2.4
1.7

2.6
2.2
1.8
1.9
1.2

2.3
1.5
1.7
1.7
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.7

2.9
2.7
2.0
2.2
3.5
3.2

2.6
2.5
1.9
2.1
2.6
3.1

2.0
2.8
2.2
2.3
2.1
4.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
2.5
2.4
1.8
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.1
2.7
2.2
3.1
2.4
2.0
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.3

2.2
2.3
2.2
2.6
2.9

2.8
3.3
3.5
3.1
3.5

2.1
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.8

1.9
1.7
2.4
2.0
2.7

1.4
1.4
1.9
1.9
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.2

.9
1.1
1.1
.9
1.0
1.0

•8
1.0
.9
•8
1.1
.9

•8
1.1
.9
.9
1.1
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
.8
•8
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.1
.9
.9
1.0
1.1
.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.2
1.1
1.2
•8
1.0

1.2
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.6

1.9
2.2
2.1
1.9
1.9

1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1
l.l

.9
.8
•8
.9
•8

•6
•8
.7
.8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
.7
.9
.7
.9

1.7
.9
•6
•8
1.5
1.7

1.5
1.1
.6
.8
.9
1.8

1.0
1.2
.8
.9
.6
2.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
1.3
1.2
1.1
.4
.8
.7
.7
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.1
.5
.8
.7
.8
.5
.7
•8
•6
•8
1.1

.7
.4
.6
.7
.8

.6
•5
.9
.5
1.1

.7
.7
.9
.5
1.1

.7
.5
1.0
•6
1.3

.5
•3
.6
•6
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
3.1
2.2
2.7
3.1
2.4

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
3.9
3.5
2.9
2.9
1.9
1.9
2.9
2.5
2.8
3.1
2.2

3.6
2.8
3.3
3.2
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.7
1.8
2.1
3.0
3.0

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
2.0
1.7
1.9
2.3
2.6
2.3
1.9
1.8
2.3
2.4
2.3

1.9
2.3
2.2
2.0
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
1.0
.9
•8
.8
•8

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.7
.7
1.0
1.1
.7
.9
•8
•8
1.1
1.1
.7

1.0
1.0
.9
1.0
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.5
3.1
3.8
3.8
2.9

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
4.4
3.5
4.2
4.0
2.4
2.9
4.1
3.6
3.9
4.0
2.4

4.8
4.5
5.0
4.9
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
2.8
3.0
2.9
5.2
4.1

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FfrMALES
2.4
3.2
2.6
2.8
2.9
3.2
3.5
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.9

3.1
3.1
3.0
2.9
3.8




E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

46

Y«ar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Suptumbar

October

November

Dscsmbsr

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 19— CONTINUED
FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.3
1.5
1.5
2.2
1.6
1.7
1.8
2.1
1.9
2.0
1.3

1.6
2.0
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.0
1.7
1.7
1.5

MMUNITIONv EXCEPT FOR SMALL ARMS - SIC 192
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

64.4
92.4
119.3
153.3
183.4

52.2
80.3
109.0
136.9
170.2
190.2

17.3
23.2
30.0
35.7

9.8
14.7
20.9
26.9
33.1
35.6

54.9
80.9
110.9
140.6
172.0
190.6

55.7
82.1
113.1
143.8
177.1
189.8

57.2
84.7
114.8
147.8
178.8
186.9

59.6
87.1
115.7
149.1
179.5
187.7

62.5
90.1
116.7
152.0
183.2

65.3
94.1
114.4
155.5
188.4

68.1
96.4
121.9
157.4
190.7

70.1
99.1
123.6
159.6
189.3

7?.7
100.6
126.9
162.9
189.8

75.9
104.6
130.6
165.6
190.8

78.2
108.2
134.3
168.1
191.0

18.0
24.0
30.7
37.0

18.6
24.2
30.9
36.7

13.3
19.1
24.9
31.8
36.8

19.8
25.6
32.8
36.6

20.6
26.4
33.0
36.3

27.2
37.8
46.9
59.7
70.9

28.2
39.2
48.8
61.8
69.4

29.2
40.4
50.2
63.9
68.9

30.9
41.1
51.2
64.9
69.3

32.1
42.5
52.2
65.3
69.1

105.56
107.68
111.93
115.75
117.38

107.23
108.73
110.84
116.57
116.69

105.93
110.12
111.52
117.14
118.37

109.98
110.51
114.54
118.56
120.06

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

14.9
21.3
27.6
33.4
35.4

15.2
21.7
28.2
34.7
34.9

10.8
15.8
22.0
29.2
35.0
33.9

16.1
22.3
29.4
35.9
34.4

16.7
22.5
29.9
36.2

11.9
17.6
22.8
29.8
36.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

26.9
36.8
47.0
58.9
68.2

23.4
32.7
43.2
52.4
65.0
68.0

24.1
32.8
44.2
54.1
65.2
67.8

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

103.28
108.05
110.29
115.49
116.69

99.05
108.16
108.40
115.65
114.45
119.02

99.60
106.75
110.68
114.26
116.16
119.31

24.3
33.2
44.9
55.2
66.0
67.3

24.9
34.2
45.3
56.6
67.1
65.7

25.6
35.0
45.5
57.0
67.0
66.4

26.6
36.2
45.0
57.6
69.0

25.8
37.0
46.4
58.5
71.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
100.15
106.91
110.27
114.40
116.28
117.86

102.16
104.55
109.47
114.26
117.26
116.24

100.80
107.23
109.45
114.67
116.72
117.50

101.09
109.15
107.07
114.39
116.00

101.35
106.86
110.29
115.34
114.97

103.72
107.16
109.75
115.75
116.00

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.55
2.61
2.69
2.81
2.86

2.47
2.60
2.67
2.78
2.84
2.91

2.49
2.56
2.68
2.78
2.84
2.91

2.51
2.57
2.67
2.77
2.85
2.91

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.5
41.4
41.0
41.1
40.8

40.1
41.6
40.6
41.6
40.3
40.9

40.0
41.7
41.3
41.1
40.9
41.0

39.9
41.6
41.3
41.3
40.8
40.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.0
1.7
1.6
1.9

.9
2.1
1.7
1.8
1.7
2.4

1.2
2.1
1.7
1.8
1.6
2.4

1.1
2.3
1.4
2.3
1.6
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.8
4.1
2.7
3.1
3.1

4.3
4.3
2.5
3.3
3.6
2.5

4.0
4.5
2.6
2.9
3.8
2.1

5.2
5.6
2.5
2.4
3.1
2.0

2.51
2.55
2.67
2.78
2.86
2.87

2.52
2.59
2.6?
2.79
2.84
2.88

2*54
2.63
2.67
2.79
2.85

2.54
2.60
2.69
2.82
2.86

2.58
2.62
2.69
2.83
2.85

2.60
2.62
2.73
2.83
2.87

2.59
2.62
2.71
2.85
2.86

2.59
2.66
2.72
2.85
2.88

2.60
2.65
2.76
2.85
2.90

40.2
40.9
40.8
40.9
40.7

40.6
41.1
41.0
40.9
40.9

41.4
41.5
40.9
40.9
40.8

40.9
41.4
41.0
41.1
41.1

42.3
41.7
41.5
41.6
41.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
40.7
41.0
41.0
41.1
41.0
40.5

40.0
41.4
41.3
41.1
41.1
40.8

39.8
41.5
40.1
41.0
40.7

39.9
41.1
41.0
40.9
40.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




1.6
1.9
1.3
1.2
2.0

1.1
1.7
1.8
1.3
1.9

1.8
2.3
1.8
1.3
1.7

2.1
1.7
1.8
1.5
2.1

1.9
1.8
2.1
1.6
2.0

2.2
1.8
1.8
1.7
2.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.8
6.9
4.8
4.6
4.0
3.5
5.7
3.9
2.2
2.2
2.7
2.0
3.1
2.4
3.5
3.6
3.3
3.6
3.1
4.2
2.2
2.5

5.3
3.9
2.8
2.5
3.0

5.3
4.0
3.3
3.7
2.8

5.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.0

4.1
3.2
2.8
3.1
1.9

3.8
2.3
2.8
2.6
1.8

1.9
1.7
1.3
2*4
2.0
1.6

•8
1.9
1.9
1.3
1.9
2.1

1.1
2.4
1.7
1.2
1.8

47

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yaar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

July

Jun*

August

September

October

November D ac.m b.r

AMMUNITION. EXCEPT FOR SMALL ARMS - SIC 192— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
3.5
2.1
2.4
2.2

3.5
3.5
1.9
2.8
2.8
1.4

2.8
3.7
2.2
2.1
2.6
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.4
2.6
2.3
2.6

2.4
2.6
2.4
2.2
3.7
3.2

2.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.6
3.3

1.2
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.4

1.1
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.1

.9
1.1
1.1
.9
1.3
1.0

.9
1.4
1.1
.9
1.2
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.5
•9
.5
.7

1.0
•5
.7
.5
1.5
1.6

1.1
•6
•6
•6
.7
1.7

1.0
1.0
•8
•6
.5
2.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.4
4.2
4.2
2.7
5.0
3.7
1.8
1.6
1.7
2.9
2.0
2.9
2.2
3.2
2.8
1.4

4.5
3.5
2.3
1.9
2.3

4.6
3.7
2.5
2.8
2.1

4.3
3.6
3.1
2.6
1.9

3.6
2.7
2.2
2.1
1.3

3.4
1.7
2.2
2.0
1.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
2.6
2.2
2.0
2.3
2.2
2.6
2.3
2.9
2.3
3.8
2.7
2.4
2.0
2.4
2.3
2.4
1.9
2.5
2.7
2.1
2.2

2.1
3.0
2.2
2.1
2.0
4.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

NEW HIRES
4.3
3.0
1.8
2.4
2.4
1.2

4.5
4.8
2.1
2.0
2.1
1.1

2.2
2.4
2.1
2.8
2.8

3.0
3.7
3.6
3.1
3.8

2.2
2.9
2.4
2.2
2.9

1.9
1.6
2.6
1.8
2.6

1.2
1.4
1.8
1.8
1.7

1.2
1.6
1.1
1.3
1.5

1.6
1.8
1.4
1.4
1.8

2.4
2.8
2.6
2.1
2.1

1.3
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.3

1.1
1.1
.9
1.0
.9

.7
1.0
•8
.9
.7

.6
.4
1.3
.6
•4

.4
.1
.3
.9
.5

.4
•4
•6

.5
.9
.7
.3

.5
•2

1.0

1.0

.3
1.1

.3
.1
•4
.4
•6

41.4
42.5
38.6
33.3
32.5

41.6
42.4
38.5
33.6
32.2

39.2
42.2
36.4
33.5
31.9

42.5
42.2
38.1
33.2
31.9

43.4
42.5
37.3
32.6
31.5

7.2
7.4
6.5
6.3

7.4
7.4
6.7
6.2

6.7
7.4
7.3
6.6
6.2

7.5
7.4
6.6
6.4

7.6
7.2
6.4
6.4

19.9
19.7
17.3
14.4
13.3

20.7
19.9
17.4
14.9
13.5

18.?
19.6
15.7
14.8
13.5

21.2
19.5
17.3
14.7
13.6

21.7
19.7
16.6
14.2
13.3

108.84
111.90
115.51
116.87
125.40

108.32
113.57
117.29
121.18
125.58

111.51
114.24
114.24
122.43
128.87

111.45
115.08
105.75
121.72
131.24

2.61
2.73
2.84
2.92
2.99

2.63
2.72
2.80
2.95
2.99

2.66
2.74
2.82
2.94
3.01

QUITS PER 100i EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.4
1.2
1.7
.9
1.1
LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•9
1.0
.4
•4
•4
1.3
•9
1.9
.5
.5
•8
.5
•4
.4
.9
.7

.4

1.0

SIGHTING AND FIRE CONTROL EQUIPMENT - SIC 194
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

41.4
42.6
39.5
33.6
32.1

41.5
43.3
42.3
36.2
32.4
31.5

40.9
42.9
41.9
34.8
32.3
30.9

41.1
43.6
41.5
33.7
32.1
30.1

41.4
42.3
40.6
33.2
32.1
29.4

41.2
42.5
40.0
32.9
32.0
28.6

41.5
42.5
39.3
33.0
32.0

41.6
42.5
39.1
33.4
32.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

7.5
7.4
6.6
6.3

7.8
7.5
7.6
7.0
6.3
6.3

7.6
7.4
6.8
6.3
6.2

7.7
7.5
6.5
6.2
6.1

21.4
21.4
19.7
16.1
13.9
13.4

20.9
20.7
19.5
14.9
13.8
13.0

20.7
21.1
19.3
14.8
13.7
12.8

7.3
7.7
7.5
6.4
6.3
5.9

7.6
7.5
6.4
6.3
5.7

7.5
7.4
6.5
6.2

6.9
7.5
7.2
6.5
6.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.7
20.2
18.0
14.8
13.5

21.2
20.3
18.8
14.5
13.6
12.4

20.6
20.6
18.4
14.5
13.5
11.8

20.9
20.5
17.9
14.6
13.3

20.5
19.7
17.6
14.7
13.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

107.59
110.81
113.44
117.27
126.18

104.67
109.98
115.50
112.35
121.95
128.35

104.08
109.56
111.79
111.55
124.09
128.29

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.58
2.67
2.76
2.91
2.99

2.51
2.65
2.75
2.83
2.96
3.02

2.52
2.64
2.74
2.89
2.99
3.04

105.92
109.67
114.66
115.53
129.33
127.98

107.78
108.09
112.06
117.09
129.60
119.20

107.52
109.67
112.75
117.09
126.60
122.01

107.33
110.12
114.13
117.97
126.48

106.81
111.99
112.89
116.00
122.36

105.93
107.06
114.13
116.11
122.78

PRODUCTION-WORKER /
AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




2.54
2.63
2.73
2.91
2.98
3.04

2.56
2.63
2.72
2.92
3.00
3.01

2.56
2.63
2.73
2.92
3.00
3.02

2.58
2.66
2.75
2.92
2.99

2.58
2.66
2.74
2.90
2.97

2.59
2.65
2.75
2.91
2.98

2.61
2.69
2.79
2.90
3.00

48

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yuar

A nnual
Avuragu

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

Juna

August

July

Supfumbur

October

Novum bar Ducumbur

SIGHTING ANO FIRE CONTROL EQUIPMENT - SIC 194— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

41.7
41.5
41.1
40.3
42.2

41.7
41.5
42.0
39.7
41.2
42.5

41.3
41.5
40.8
38.6
41.5
42.2

41.7
41.7
42.0
39.7
43.4
42.1

42.1
41.1
41.2
40.1
43.2
39.6

42.0
41.7
41.3
40.1
42.2
40.4

41.6
41.4
41.5
40.4
42.3

41.4
42.1
41.2
40.0
41.2

40.9
40.4
41.5
39.9
41.2

41.7
41.6
41.4
40.3
41.8

41.5
41.6
41.3
41.5
42.0

42.4
42.0
40.8
41.5
43.1

41.9
42.0
37.5
41.4
43.6

PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.5
2.8
2.2
3.0

2.5
2.2
3.3
1.4
2.8
2.9

2.2
1.9
3.0
1.5
2.9
2.2

2.5
2.3
2.6
1.7
3.2
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
2.6
2.4
2.0
2.1

1.7
2.3
2.4
2.0
2.2
1.8

2.1
2.4
2.4
1.8
2.6
1.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.6
1.6
1.1
1.3

1.1
1.3
1.6
1.2
1.2
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
.9
.9
•8
.9

1958
L959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
.7
•8
1.0
1.0

2.8
2.1
2.2
1.7
3.1
1.2

2.6
2.1
2.3
2.0
2.4
.9

2.4
2.0
2.8
2.0
2.4

2.3
3.1
3.0
1.8
3.0

1.8
2.6
3.5
2.4
2.8

2.2
2.9
3.5
2.7
2.7

2.3
2.8
2.6
3.0
2.8

2.9
2.8
2.0
3.0
3.4

2.7
3.1
2.1
3.0
4.0

2.5
2.8
2.2
1.7
2.4
1.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.7
1.8
1.8
2.4
3.0
2.6
2.2
3.5
1.8
1.9
2.2
1.6
2.0
2.5
1.9
1.6
3.4
2.1
2.1
1.4
1.4

1.9
3.1
2.4
2.3
1.8

2.0
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.0

2.4
2.7
3.6
2.3
1.6

2.6
2.5
2.2
2.0
1.8

2.1
2.6
1.7
1.8
1.2

1.3
1.3
1.9
1.0
1.6
1.0

1.6
1.7
1.6
1.0
1.5
.5

NEW HIRES
1.1
1.5
1.0
1.1
1.6
.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.9
1.5
1.5
2.4
1.1
.9
1.5
1.0
2.1
1.2
1.1
•6

1.1
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.0

1.3
1.9
1.8
1.3
1.2

1.3
1.9
2.4
1.4
1.1

1.6
2.0
1.5
.9
1.1

1.1
1.6
1.0
•8
•6

3.3
2.3
1.7
3.0
2.9
3.2

2.9
2.1
2.1
2.5
2.1
3.4

2.1
2.4
2.2
3.3
2.1
4.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
2.3
1.7
2.2
2.0
2.6
2.4
1.8
1.9
2.8
2.2
1.7
1.9
1.8
2.4
2.1
2.4
l J4
2.6
2.2
4.0
3.9

2.0
2.2
2.2
1.9
2.8

2.7
2.7
3.0
2.7
3.3

1.9
1.7
1.5
2.5
2.4

1.7
1.3
2.2
3.0
2.6

1.3
1.6
2.1
1.6
2.4

•8

•8
•8
.7
•9
.7

•8
.7
.7
.7
.9
.7

•8
•8
.7
.8
l.l
•8

•6
•8
.7
•8
.7

1.0
1.1
.9
1.0
1.0

1.5
1.6
1.7
1.3
1.2

•8
1.0
.9
.7
.9

.7
.6
•8
.7
.7

.5
.7
•8
.7
.7

2.2
1.0
•4
1.6
1.5
1.6

1.9
1.1
.7
1.0
•8
2.0

1.0
1.1
.9
1.7
•4
2.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
.7
1.2
1.2
•5
1.2
1.0
•8
1.6
.6
•4
1.2
.6
•9
.7
•8
.7
1.0
.9
.5
2.4
2.0

•8
•6
«8
.3
1.4

.9
.5
•8
.7
1.5

•8
•3
.3
1.2
.9

.8
.5
.9
1.8
1.3

•6
.3
•8
•4
1.1

40.0
40.5
43.4
48.6
57.1

40.2
42.4
43.7
49.8
57.7

40.3
42.5
43.9
50.8
57.7

40.3
42.3
43.9
51.6
58.3

40.5
42.4
44.4
52.0
58.2

7.6
7.6
8.4
10.4

7.8
7.7
8.6
10.4

7.2
7.9
7.7
8.7
10.3

7.8
7.7
9.0
10.4

8.9
7.7
9.2
10.3

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•8
•8
.9
.9
•8
•8
•6
•8
.9
•8
.7
.9
1.0
1.1
•8
•8

OTHER ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 191v3,5*6»9
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

39.6
41.5
43.4
47.8
55.1

37.7
41.4
42.9
44.8
52.2
58.1

38.2
41.6
43.2
45.2
52.7
5T.7

39.0
41.4
43.5
45.5
53.4
58.0

39.8
41.3
42.9
44.2
54.0
57.6

39.5
40.6
42.8
46.5
54.5
58.2

39.4
40.5
43.3
47.1
52.2

39.7
41.3
43.2
47.9
53.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

7.7
7.8
8.4
9.9




6.7
7.3
7.9
7.9
9.2
10.4

7.4
8.0
7.9
9.3
10.5

7.5
8.0
8.0
9.4
10.7

7.1
7.5
7.8
8.0
9.5
10.8

7.4
7.7
8.2
9.9
11.1

7.4
7.8
8.2
9.9

6.9
7.4
7.7
8.3
10*0

49

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

June

M ay

August

July

September

October

November

December

OTHER ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES - SIC 191.3,5*6,9— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

27.3
28.6
29.7
33.1
38.0

26.6
28.9
29.4
30.9
36.3
40.0

26.6
29.0
29.6
31.3
36.4
39.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

97.77
100.69
103.17
108.39
112.34

99.29
102.34
104.74
106.37
111.07
117.74

95.12
99. 54
102.11
107.98
111.76
117.59

27.2
28.8
29.8
31.6
36.7
39.7

27.6
28.7
29.2
30.2
37.2
39.4

27.3
27.9
29.2
32.5
37.5
39.9

27.0
27.7
29.5
32.7
35.7

27.0
28.3
29.4
33.0
36.2

27.0
27.5
29.6
33.5
39.8

27.5
29.2
29.8
34.5
40.0

27.8
29.2
30.1
35.3
40.0

27.9
28.9
30.0
35.9
40.4

28.2
28.9
30.5
36.2
40.3

99.31
100.21
104.12
110.27
112.06

99.55
101.34
102.43
111.87
111.79

98.58
101.09
105.59
112.94
113.44

103.09
106.01
106.66
112.83
116.06

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
96.80
99.79
103.22
107.98
111.37
116.05

93.69
101.84
101.20
105.59
112.88
112.19

95.52
102.59
103.63
105.20
111.65
116.90

97.12
99.94
103.17
105.46
112.19

97.85
97.42
101.35
104.94
110.70

97.61
96.47
101.52
107.18
110.70

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.42
2.48
2.56
2.65
2.72

2.41
2.49
2.53
2.62
2.67
2.81

2.39
2.47
2.54
2.64
2.68
2.82

2.42
2.47
2.53
2.64
2.69
2.81

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.4
40.6
40.3
40.9
41.3

41.2
41.1
41.4
40.6
41.6
41.9

39.8
40.3
40.2
40.9
41.7
41.7

40.0
40.4
40.8
40.9
41.4
41.3

2.39
2.49
2.53
2.62
2.72
2.77

2.40
2.49
2.54
2.63
2.71
2.81

2.41
2.48
2.56
2.63
2.71

2.41
2.46
2.54
2.65
2.70

2.41
2.43
2.57
2.64
2.70

2.44
2.45
2.59
2.67
2.72

2.44
2.49
2.58
2.67
2.72

2.44
2.49
2.62
2.67
2.76

2.49
2.53
2.64
2.68
2.79

40.5
39.7
39.5
40.6
41.0

40.7
40.9
40.2
41.3
41.2

40.8
40.7
39.7
41.9
41.1

40.4
40.6
40.3
42.3
41.1

41.4
41.9
40.4
42.1
41.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
39.2
40.9
40.0
40.3
41.5
40.5

39.8
41.2
40.8
40.0
41.2
41.6

40.3
40.3
40.3
40.1
41.4

40.6
39.6
39.9
39.6
41.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
1.8
1.8
2.1
2.5

1.9
2.0
2.2
2.0
2.3
2.9

1.8
1.3
1.8
2.3
2.4
2.6

1.6
1.5
1.9
2.0
2.7
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
1.8
2.4
2.8
2.6

3.2
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.4
3.0

4.0
1.5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
1.1
1.4
2.0
1.7

2.4
1.6
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.8
1.6
1.5
2.2

1.9
1.9
1.9
2.1
2.1

2.2
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.5

1.9
1.9
1.7
2.8
2.5

1.5
1.5
2.0
2.7
2.7

2.0
1.9
2.4
2.6
2.9

3.9
1.7
2.0
2.1
3.3
2.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
3.3
5.0
3.3
1.6
2.0
1.6
2.1
1.6
2.3
3.6
2.2
2.3
3.1
2.6
3.9
2.6
2.9
3.3
3.7
2.9
3.1

2.8
2.2
3.1
3.4
2.5

3.2
2.1
3.3
4.6
2.5

3.2
1.4
2.8
3.1
2.1

2.4
1.5
1.9
2.3
2.0

2.1
1.3
2.3
1.7
1.7

3.2
.7
1.3
l.l
1.8
1.6

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
3.5
2.6
3.4
.9
.9
1.4
1*2
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.5
3.1
1.2
2.3
1.9
1.5
2.4
2.9
2.0
1.7
1.8

2.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
1.6

2.3
1.3
1.9
3.8
1.7

2.5
1.0

1.7
1.0

1.6
2.3
l.l

1.7
1.0

1.6
•8
1.0
1.2

1.7
1.8

2.5
•8
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.6

2.4
2.4
2.2
2.2
2.9

3.1
3.1
1.5
2.0
3.0
3.1

2.7
3.4
1.5
1.9
3.0
2.7

1.8
2.9
2.0
2.1
2.4
3.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
1.9
2.8
2.9
2.3
2.3
1.8
2.3
1.9
1.9
2.2
2.4
1.8
1.2
1.4
3.1
2.9
3.7
3.1
2*1
2.3
1.8

2.6
2.4
2.7
2.3
3.4

2.4
2.9
3.5
3.1
3.0

2.3^
2.0
2.9
2.0
2.5

2.2
2.3
1.9
2.4
3.0

1.7
1.4
1.9
2.5
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.9
.7
.7
.8

.7
1.0
.6
•4
.7
.6

•6
1.0
.5
•6
.7
•6

•6
.9
.7
•6
.7
.8

•6
.9
.7
.6
.7

.9
1.3
1.0
1.0
1.3

1.4
1.6
1.3
1.6
1.4

.9
.8
.7
.7
.7

.7
.5
.5
•6
•6

.5
.4
.5
•6
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.0
1.1
.9
1.5

2.1
1.6
•6
1.1
1.7
2.2

1.7
1.9
•6
i.i
1.8
1.7

.9
1.5
.9
1.1
.9
2.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
1.8
1.6
.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
.4
.9
.9
1.3
1.0
•4
.5
1.9
•8
1.3
1.4
•8
2.1
1.2
.6

1.1
.7
1.2
.5
1.5

•6
.5
1.7
•8
1.0

.9
.8
1.8
•6
1.2

.8
1.4
1.0
1.1
1.7

.8
.7
1.0
1.3
2.0




1.0

1.1
2.0
1.1
1.6
2.6
1.6

1.1
2.2
1.5
1.4
2.2
2.6

1.3
1.7
1.5
1.4
2.4

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.6
.7
.8
.8
.9
.7
•6
.9
•6
.5
.6
•8
.8
.8
.8
.8

1.0

1.0

50

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

July

August

September

October

November

December

ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
846
860
858
844
811
797
795
848
723
739
753
742
797
761
821
833

March

855
858
754
867

853
850
749
876

852
838
757
873

839
822
760
863

829
785
749
841

Arl
pi

May

June

LUMBER A N D W O O D PRO D U CTS, EXCEPT FURNITURE -SIC 24
1947
1948
1949
1950

845
818
741
808

835
809
730
703

833
800
718
715

841
805
724
746

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

840*2
790.4
770.7
707.9
739.6

826.7
755.8
752.3
671.7
693.8

820.2
762.2
754.4
678.2
694.4

816.8
761.2
767.9
690.4
695.7

843.1
771.5
779.1
696.0
707.6

861.8
735.8
790.7
722.4
735.2

874.9
R04.6
807.4
742.1
771.1

851.0
825.8
790.8
661.1
767.5

858.7
840.5
794.5
667.1
781.5

852.4
830.4
780.6
736.6
776.5

847.7
812.7
770.5
756.8
769.3

827.0
803.1
750.8
748.4
751.9

801.6
781.6
709.2
724.0
731.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

730.9
655.3
615.0
658.8
626.8

718.4
649.9
589.7
619.4
620.1

720.1
638.5
576.7
611.3
615.6

702.9
633.5
572.3
617.0
606.0

728.3
646.0
577.5
639.9
626.4

747.3
668.4
598.3
665.9
642.4

767.6
688.4
626.1
689.7
662.5

759.9
679.1
630.9
692.6
657.2

768.1
683.2
638.8
696.1
656.8

749.4
669.1
646.7
688.4
643.2

723.8
655.2
650.6
675.9
624.6

701.7
635.7
639.6
660.6
597.7

678.3
616.0
632.3
648.3
569.0

1961
1962
1963

582.9
588.7

553.7
552.4
561.2

542.0
559.3
556.1

543.0
557.1
560.9

563.5
575.8
571.9

586.0
594.0
594.6

612.1
617.5

609.8
614.0

615.1
620.5

610.8
610.5

601.1
601.5

587.3
589.8

570.7
572.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
53.3
53.3

1950

51.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

56.2
52.2
54.9
50.4
47.2

58.2
52.5
55.3
50.1
48.8

57.0
55*3
55.4
46.3
46.8

55.1
56.1
53.9i
49.9
49.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

51.0
46.8
43.1
43.7
43.3

42.8
43.4

43.9
43.3

50.3
46.5
42.4
44.2
43.6

45.1
43.5

44.6
43.3

47.9
44.8
42.6
44.2
42.6

45.9
43.4

44.7
42.9

48.8
45.91
44.7
44.6
42.6

44.0
41.7

$3. 5
40.9

40.9
41.4
40.9

41.0
42.2
41.0

40.8
42.1
41.9

41.1
42.6
42.5

41.5
43.1
43.3

42.5
43.5

41.9
42.5

42.5
43.7

42.1
43.6

42.3
43.4

42.2
42.3

42.1
41.9

1961
1962
1963

44.3
42.9
41.7
42.7

56.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

783
757
680
745

769
749
670
642

769
740
659
654

778
744
663
684

786
734
663
699

799
733
677
735

798
752
691
757

780
786
682
769

791
797
692
804

789
788
689
812

790
776
695
807

776
760
697
796

766
723
688
776

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

771.2
719.9
699.9
640.4
672.3

758.9
685.5
682.3
604.5
627.2

752.9
692.8
682.7
611.7
627.7

748.2
691.2
695.7
623.4
628.2

774.8
701.3
707.4
628.5
640.4

793.7
663.7
718.7
654.5
668.3

805.8
732.2
735.5
673.8
704.8

780.4
754.0
720.4
593.0
700.7

789.1
769.1
723.0
599.1'
714.3

783.4
760.6
710.3
669.6
708.9

779.0
742.8
701.2
688.7
701.6

757.5
734.0
681.7
681.0
684.2

731.1
712.0
640.4
657.4
660.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

661.8
588.0
549.4
592.2
561.1

648.7
581.0
523.7
553.1
553.7

651.0
570.8
511.9
544.8
550.2

634.7
567.0
507.7
549.8
539.7

659.8
580.1
512.4
573.4
560.8

678.5
600.9
534.0
599.7
577.0

699.3
620.2
561.0
623.0
596.2

690.0
611.9
564.9
625.9
591.1

698.2
615.6
572.8
628.9
590.4

679.0
602.2
580.7
621.9
576.8

658.8
587.7
584.3
609.6
558.9

633.6
569.0
573.4
594.5
532.7

609.8
550.1
565.6
582.3
505.1

1961
1962
1963

518.4
526.2

488.5
489.9
500.9

476.5
496.7
496.0

477.6
494.7
500.5

497.9
512.6
511.0

520.9
530.6
532.9

547.2
553.7

545.7
550.2

550.1
557.4

546.8
548.5

537.9>
539.6

524.3
528.6

507.6
511.6

1947
1948
1949
1950

43.93
47.60
48.02
51.27

39.13
44.86
46.14
44. 53

41.29
45.27
44.54
46.89

40.77
45.67
46.48
48.35

41.87
44.61
47.70
49.39

43.83
46.84
49.02
50.33

45.72
48.67
49.00
52.17

44.67
48.68
47.04
52.11

^6.50
50.80
48.96
54.03

46.15
49.63
48.92
53.60

45.64
50.06
50.21
54.54

45.43
48.67
48.59
52.81

45.89
47.36
48.79
53.35

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

55.41
59.15
60.76
61.39
63.99

52.13
52.75
58.41
57.76
61.54

52.38
55.52
59.40i
59.06
61.70

51.74
55.87
59.89'
59.68
61.31

54.92
57.62
60.68
60.76
62.24

55.72
55.95
61.70
61.82
63.60

57.63
61.20
63.04
63.43
66.09

53.48
59.89
61.94
58.16
6*.35

56.74
62.78
62.09
60.40
66.40

57.87
62.40
61.76
62.40
65.57

58.51
62.22
62.09>
64.40
65.51

57.62
61.54
60.60i
63.36i
63.16

56.59
60.10
59.36
62.09
63.76

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

65.57
66.64
69.09
74.24
73.71

62.08
62.21
64.55
69.48
71.37

61.76
63.41
64. 55
69.09
71.39

62.65
64.73
64.70
71.10
70.88

64.51
66.61
65.45
72.86
74.26

66.01
67.73
68.00
74.99
75.43

67.86
69.38
69.78
76.73
77.18

66.95
66.68
68.58
75.43
75.66

69.60
70.09
71.89
76.17
75.66

68.56
66.38
73.78
76.42
76.83

67.60
68.50
74.19
76.42
75.65

65.45
66.73
71.53
74.84
71.05

64.13
66.18
70.98
74.05
69.94

1961
1962
1963

76.83
79.20

70.84
73.48
77.03

69.89»
76.24
77.22

71.23
75.47
77.81

74.88
78.41
78.41

77.42
79.99
80.60

79.59
80.40

78.21
80.80

79.19
81.80

81.00
82.42

81.41
79.60i

78.61
79.00

76.63
78.40

PR00UCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




51

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

June

M ay

August

July

September

October

November December

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS* EXCEPT FURNITURE - SIC 24— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERA6E HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.090
1.190
1.225
1.298

1.006
1.116
1.177
1.178

1.022
1.149
1.169
1.221

1.040
1.139
1.198
1.243

1.052
1.141
1.223
1.260

1.085
1.168
1.238
1.284

1.115
1.190
1.250
1.301

1.103
1.217
1.238
1.316

1.126
1.239
1.249
1.334

1.134
1.247
1.248
1.350

1.127
1.236
1.249
1.350

1.133
1.226
1.230
1.337

1.122
1.199
1.226
1.337

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.41
1.49
1.55
1.57
1.62

1.34
1.37
1.49
1.52
1.57

1.35
1.42
1.50
1.53
1.57

1.33
1.44
1.52
1.55
1.56

1.38
1.47
1.54
1.57
1.60

1.40
1.42
1.57
1.61
1.61

1.43
1.50
1.58
1.61
1.64

1.40
1.52
1.58
1.48
1.65

1.44
1.55
1.58
1.51
1.66

1.48
1.56
1.60
1.60
1.66

1.47
1.54
1.58
1.61
1.65

1.47
1.55
1.57
1.60
1.62

1.44
1.51
1.53
1.58
1.61

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.69
1.74
1.79
1.87
1.89

1.60
1.65
1.74
1.80
1.83

1.60
1.66
1.74
1.79
1.84

1.64
1.69
1.73
1.80
1.88

1.68
1.73
1.75
1.84
1.88

1.71
1.75
1.78
1.87
1.90

1.74
1.77
1.78
1.89
1.92

1.73
1.75
1.80
1.90
1.93

1.74
1.77
1.82
1.89
1.93

1.74
1.77
1.84
1.92
1.95

1.72
1.77
1.85
1.92
1.92

1.70
1.77
1.82
1.89
1.86

1.67
1.76
1.82
1.87
1.86

1961
1962
1963

1.95
1.99

1.84
1.97
1.96

1.82
1.94
1.96

1.85
1.94
1.98

1.93
1.98
1.98

1.95
1.98
2.02

1.97
1.99

1.98
2.00

1.97
2.00

2.02
2.02

2.01
1.99

1.99
2.00

1.97
2.00

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.3
40.0
39.2
39.5

38.9
40.2
39.2
37.8

40.4
39.4
38.1
38.4

39.2
40.1
38.8
38.9

39.8
39.1
39.0
39.2

40.4
40.1
39.6
39.2

41.0
40.9
39.2
40.1

40.5
40.0
38.0
39.6

41.3
41.0
39.2
40.5

40.7
39.8
39.2
39.7

40.5
40.5
40.2
40.4

40.1
39.7
39.5
39.5

40.9
39.5
39.8
39.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.3
39.7
39.2
39.1
39.5

38.9
38.5
39.2
38.0
39.2

38.8
39.1
39.6
38.6
39.3

38.9
38.8
39.4
38.5
39.3

39.8
39.2
39.4
38.7
38.9

39.8
39.4
39.3
38.4
39.5

40.3
40.8
39.9
39.4
40.3

38.2
39.4
39.2
39.3
39.0

39.4
40.5
39.3
40.0
40.0

39.1
40.0
38.6
39.0
39.5

39.8
40.4
39.3
40.0
39.7

39.2
39.7
38.6
39.6
39.0

39.3
39.8
38.8
39.3
39.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

38.8
38.3
38.6
39.7
39.0

38.8
37.7
37.1
38.6
39.0

38.6
38.2
37.1
38.6
38.8

38.2
38.3
37.4
39.5
37.7

38.4
38.5
37.4
39.6
39*5

38.6
38.7
38.2
40.1
39.7

39.0
39.2
39.2
40.6
40.2

38.7
38.1
38.1
39.7
39.2

40.0
39.6
39.5
40.3
39.2

39.4
37.5
40.1
39.8
39.4

39.3
38.7
40.1
39.8
39.4

38.5
37.7
39.3
39.6
38.2

38.4
37.6
39.0
39.6
37.6

1961
1962
1963

39.4
39.8

38.5
37.3
39.3

38.4
39.3
39.4

38.5
38.9
39.3

38.8
39.6
39.6

39.7
40.4
39.9

40.4
40.4

39.5
40.4

40.2
40.9

40.1
40.8

40.5
40.0

39.5
39.5

38.9
39.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.6
2.2
2.3
3.2
2.9

2.8
2.1
1.7
2.7
3.0

2.8
2.1
1.8
2.8
2.7

2.5
2.0
1.9
3.0
2.6

2.5
2.0
1.6
3.1
2.8

2.4
2.2
1.9
3.4
3.1

2.7
2.4
2.2
3.5
3.3

2.5
2.2
P.l
3.4
3.0

2.8
2.5
2.9
3.8
3.1

2.8
2.4
3.0
3.3
3.0

2.5
2.2
2.8
3.4
3.0

2.2
2.1
2.8
3.1
2.6

2.3
1.9
2.4
3.0
2.3

1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.2

2.5
2.5
2.8

2.3
2.9
2.9

2.4
2.3
3.0

2.6
3.0
2.9

2.8
3.3
3.2

3.2
3.5

3.2
3.4

3.3
3.7

3.1
3.7

3.2
3.1

2.9
2.9

2.8
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.8
5.5
4.8
5.3
5.5

3.9
3.9
4.1
5.4
6.1
4.6

3.4
3.8
4.4
4.2
4.7
4.4

3.9
6.0
5.2
5.4
5.2
6.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.6
7.7
5.5
5.4
7.9
5.9
7.4
8.3
4.9
6.5
7.4
7.4
7.5
7.1
8.7
5.3
8.6
7.3
7.4
6.2
6.6
7.3

5.5
5.8
5.1
5.1
5.4

6.0
5.6
4.2
5.0
5.4

4.5
4.7
3.5
4.1
4.5

3.0
3.5
2.6
3.2
3.2

2.6
2.9
2.3
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
4.2
3.4
3.3
3.9

1.7
2.7
2.7
1.9
2.7
2.6

1.4
2.7
2.9
1.5
2.9
2.9

1.8
3.9
3.5
2.4
3.3
3.7

NEW HIRES
2.3
5.2
4.2
3.8
4.7
4.6

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
3.7
4.8
6.6
4.9
6.0
3.9
5.7
5.3
4.7
5.8
4.2
6.2
5.3
4.6
5.5

3.8
5.0
3.9
4.2
4.6

4.4
4.3
3.5
3.9
4.4

3.4
3.8
2.6
3.2
3.6

2.1
2.7
1.7
2.2
2.5

1.6
2.0
1.2
1.5
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.9
5.4
6.1
5.4
5.6

5.5
4.9
5.6
6.1
5.4
5.0

5.0
4.6
4.7
6.0
4.7
4.7

4.6
4.8
5.8
4.7
6.0
5.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.8
4.3
5.0
4.0
5.0
4.8
5.1
5.4
5.6
5.0
5.2
6.0
3.7
4.0
4.1
5.8
4.9
5.6
4.7
4.7
5.2
5.0

5.5
6.2
6.6
6.1
6.8

5.5
6.9
6.8
6.7
6.7

4.7
6.0
6.8
5.3
5.6

5.1
5.8
7.8
5.7
6.1

4.8
5.6
6.8
6.4
5.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




52

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A pril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS, EXCEPT FURNITURE - SIC 24— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
2.6
2.3
1.9
2.4

1.2
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.7

1.0
1.5
1.8
1.0
1.4
1.6

1.1
2.0
2.2
1.3
1.8
2.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.7
1.8
2.0
2.5
2.9
3.0
3.1
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.7
1.7
2.0
2.2
2.1
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.6
3.0

2.5
3*7
3.1
2.9
3.7

3.4
4.4
3.6
3.6
4.2

2.2
2.8
1.8
2.0
2.5

1.5
2.1
1.2
1.4
1.9

1.2
1.6
1.0
1.1
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.1
3.1
2.8
2.4

3.8
2.7
3.3
4.3
3.3
2.6

3.5
2.5
2.3
4.5
2.6
2.3

3.0
2.1
2.8
2.8
3.4
2.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
1.8
1.7
2.4
1.7
1.1
1.3
1.4
2.1
1.5
1.8
2.5
1.4
1.3
2.9
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.3
2.2
1.8
1.1

2.3
1.6
2.6
2.3
2.1

1.3
1.7
2.5
2.2
1.6

1.9
2.4
4.3
2.5
2.1

3.1
3.0
6.0
3.7
3.5

3.1
3.4
5.4
4. 6
3.6

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
3.9
4.0
5.4
6.2
4.7

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
5.5
5.7
7.6
6.0
6.7
5.0
7.7
5.3
7.4
6.4
6.7

4.6
4.8
3.5
4.1
4.5

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

5.3
4.9
5.8
6.2
5.6
5.0

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
4.9
5.2
5.1
5.4
5.7
6.2
3.7
5.9
5.0
5.8
5.4

4.8
6.1
6.9
5.4
5.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.7

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
1.4
2.1
2.6
3.1
2.7
2.8
1.7
2.2
2.6
2.7
2.7

2.3
2.8
1.8
2.1
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.7
4.6
4.1
4.5
3.9

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
5.0
4.0
5.0
4.4
4.7
3.6
5.2
4.5
5.3
3.8
5.0

4.3
4.1
3.4
4.0
4.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.9
4.0
3.8
5.6
3.9
5.0

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.8
3.7
3.7
5.5
3.9
3.9
3.0
4.1
4.1
4.0
3.3

3.5
4.7
5.5
4.7
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
.9
1.5
1.5
2.2
1.8
1.7
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.8
1.5

1.5
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.5

LOGGING CAMPS AND LOGGING CONTRACTORS - SIC 241
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

92.5
86.7
78.5
91.5

89.8
79.5
72.8
59.4

89.7
81.4
73.2
65.2

91.2
78.3
75.5
78.8

90.8
73.6
73.1
78.8

96.0
77.0
80.2
90.5

96.0
88.3
81.2
99.9

96.0
95.4
80.3
103.0

93.4
97.5
80.7
106.7

94.1
96.2
77.1
105.6

93.8
97.5
83.4
106.3

90.2
92.7
83.5
105.4

89.0
82.6
80.6
98.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

106.4
98.5
96.9
90.9
92.5

91.8
85.1
80.5
65.1
79.1

90.6
90.8
83.3
73.6
76.0

88.1
88.8
93.6
81.7
72.2

97.8
91.0
96.5
81.6
75.5

110.1
77.5
105.3
97.8
88.4

115.3
99.5
111.4
105.6
104.0

112.0
118.0
104.9
88.4
106.7

112.8
118.7
108.0
89.8
109.1

118.6
112.0
102.9
94.2
106.7

117.9
104.9
100.2
109.1
104.2

115.1
101.9
97.3
108.5
98.7

106.5
93.7
79.2
95.6
89.5




53

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

March

M ay

A p ril

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber December

LOGGING CAMPS ANO LOGGING CONTRACTORS - SIC 241— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

99.8
86.3
87.2
94.4
91.0

87.4
79.4
76.4
81.6
85.4

87.9
76.5
74.1
78.5
83.7

74.0
73.7
71.4
78.8
80.9

91.4
76.3
73.3
82.9
83.6

104.1

1961
1962
1963

84.6
83.0

74.1
74.0
74.7

72.1
74.5
72.6

69.4
69.8
71.1

74.9
74.6
74.1

84*3
82.0
82.4

8 8 .8

84.5
93.6
92.1

115.4
98.6
95.0
104.2
103.9

116.6
97.3
97.3
106.3
104.7

117.1
97.0
98.9
107.3
101.4

111.6
91.9
98.2
104.3
99.1

105.0
89.5
96.8
101.5
94.0

97.3
85.3
91.5
98.3
86.0

89.5
80.7
88.5
95.1
77.4

97.0
91.9

96.9
93.6

97.3
94.4

93.9
90.6

90.7
87.3

85.6
84.3

78.4
78.5

E
FEMALE I MPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

2.9

3.9

4.2

4.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

3.4
3.0
3.1
2.5
2.9

3.6
3.4
3.6
2.7
3.7

3.9
4.6
3.5
2.7
3.5

4.4
3.9
3.5
3.6
3.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.6
3.7
2.7
2.7
2.3

2.6
2.4

3.2
2.2

3.6
2.7
3.0
2.5
2.0

2.4
1.8

2.1
1.7

3.4
2.8
3.2
2.1
1.8

3.3
1.8

2.3
1.9

3.9
3.1
3.8
2.3
1.8

2.5
1.9

2.1
2.2

2.5
2.1
1.7

3.0
2.2
1.8

2.7
2.1
2.0

2.4
2.1
2.4

2.3
2.2
2.2

2.1
2.4

2.2
2.3

2.2
2.4

2.0
2.6

2.0
2.1

2.0
1.7

2.2
1.8

1961
1962
1963

2.5
2.0
2.3
2.2

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

87.6
81.7
72.8
85.3

83.8
74.8
67.8
53.6

83.7
76.6
68.1
59.3

86.2
73.7
70.1
72.7

86.1
69.3
68.0
72.9

91.2
72.3
74.8
84.3

91.4
83.4
75.7
93.2

91.5
90.2
74.4
96.2

89.1
92.2
74.7
100.3

89.3
90.9
70.9
99.5

89.1
92.1
77.1
99.9

85.5
87.4
77.4
99.1

84.1
77.6
74.6
92.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

99.5
91.1
89.0
83.6
85.5

85.6
77.4
72.6
58.3
71.6

84.7
83.6
75.0
66.8
69.4

81.4
81.9
85.3
74.9
65.0

91.4
84.3
88.5
75.1
69.0

103.8
69.6
97.1
90.3
81.9

108.5
91.6
102.9
98.0
96.9

105.1
110.3
97.6
80.2
100.2

105.9
111.5
99.9
81.9
102.0

1 1 1 .0
104.7
95.3
86.8
99.6

110.8
97.3
92.5
101.7
97.2

107.0
94.7
89.5
101.0
91.8

98.2
86.3
71.9
88.0
81.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

91.7
78.5
79.9
88.5
85.6

79.1
70.9
69.0
74.7
79.8

79.5
68.1
66.9
71.3
78.0

66.7
66.0
64.3
71.4
75.1

84.1
69.1
66.3
76.5
78.3

96.1
80.8
77.1
87.8
87.0

107.3
90.7
87.9
98.8
98.5

108.4
89.8
89.7
100.8
99.4

108.8
89.2
91.2
102.1
96.1

103.0
83.9
91.0
98.8
94.0

96.5
82.2
89.9
96.2
88.5

89.3
77.9
84.6
93.0
80.6

81.2
73.4
81.4
90.0
72.4

1961
1962
1963

78.7
78.2

68.3
69.1
69.9

65.3
69.5
67.9

62.4
64.3
66.5

68.1
69.6
68.9

77.5
77.0
77.3

91.4
87.0

91.5
88.7

91.7
89.8

88.7
86.4

85.5
82.9

80.5
79.9

73.2
73.7

SAWMILLS AND PLANING MILLS - SIC 242
all

employees

- IN THOUSANDS

1947
1948
1949
1950

479.4
462.4
420.6
451.0

472.0
457.2
406.2
400.6

469.3
448.0
398.0
405.4

472.7
454.8
404.9
418.8

477.8
453.1
408.0
428.5

487.8
450.6
419.3
447.3

487.4
455.4
430.7
455.3

480.2
484.0
425.6
463.1

489.1
488.6
433.4
483.4

487.3
484.4
434.0
488.2

486.0
471.0
432.6
482.9

476.4
462.3
431.3
475.6

467.0
438.9
422.7
463.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

461.6
429.6
406.7
368.3
383.0

455.4
414.3
403.4
359.0
363.4

452.4
416.3
401.5
357.8
366.5

450.3
416.5
403.8
361.3
368.3

466.6
423.4
411.3
365.3
372.9

474.5
404.7
415.6
374.7
383.8

481.0
441.7
423.0
384.3
399.7

470.1
444.7
417.1
336.9
397.0

474.8
453.8
417.9
343.2
402.1

467.0
449.2
411.5
387.1
397.1

462.6
439.7
405.2
390.2
390.9

450.5
432.2
393.8
384.4
382.0

434.5
418.1
375.7
375.1
372.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

361.9
309.5
287.0
305.2
287.5

364.1
311.2
275.9
291.3
286.7

364.8
305.2
270.4
288.9
284.2

360.4
302.2
269.9
289.5
278.3

365.7
310.0
271.9
299.1
291.0

372.3
316.8
280.4
308.6
297.0

380.2
323.8
290.8
315.4
303.5

375.0
319.0
292.4
317.2
299.9

375.3
321.2
296.0
319.7
300.6

364.3
313.1
300.2
316.2
292.9

354.6
305.8
302.2
310.5
284.3

339.6
297.7
298.5
305.4
273.8

326.6
237.5
294.8
30Q.1
258.3

1961
1962
1963

257.9
255.7

250.5
242.1
244.0

242.8
246.9
241.8

244.7
247.4
244.9

253.1
254.0
248.3

260.7
259.5
257.1

267.4
267.5

266.8
264.5

266.8
265.0

267.5
262.1

264.3
258.7

258.3
253.9

251.7
246.4




54

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

SAWMILLS AND PLANING MILLS - SIC 242— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950
15.2
15.9
15.3

October

November

December

15.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

16.8
14.1
14.1
13.3
11.6

17.7
14.8
14.8
13.2
11.9

16.9
15.1
14.2
10.8
11.9

16.2
14.9
13.8
12.5
12.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

12.4
10.3
9.7
10.1
9.9

9.8
10.0

9.9
9.8

11.7
10.2
9.6
9.9
10.0

9.9
10.1

9.9
9.9

11.3
9.9
9.9
10.0
10.0

10.3
10.1

10.0
10.0

11.3
9.8
10.2
9.9
10.1

9.7
9.7

9.8
9.6

9.7
9.5
9.5

9.6
9.6
9.6

9.7
9.8

9.7
9.6

9.4
9.7

9.5
9.5

9.5
9.4

9.5
9.4

9.5
9.4

458.3
461.2
406.1
456.8

457.1
456.8
407.5
460.4

455.9
443.2
405.3
454.9

445.9
434.6
404.1
446.6

437.1
411.7
395.2
435.1

9.9
9.9

1961
1962
1963

9.5
9.5

9.6
9.3
9.4

9.4
9.2
9.2

9.4
9.3
9.3

1947
1948
1949
1950

449.6
434.5
393.1
423.5

440.8
429.3
379.0
373.4

439.3
420.2
371.7
377.8

442.9
426.1
377.0
391.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

432.0
399.8
378.3
342.3
357.1

426.7
384.1
375.2
332.8
338.0

423.9
386.7
373.0
332.0
340.5

421.5
386.1
375.1
335.3
342.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

335.7
284.7
262.7
279.9
262.0

337.9
285.7
251.9
266.2
260.7

339.3
280.2
246.7
264.0
258.7

1961
1962
1963

233.5
233.0

225.1
218.9
222.5

217.8
223.9
220.3

PRODUCTION
449.1
422.7
380.7
401.5

WORKERS
459.5
422.2
390.4
420.9

- I N THOUSANDS
459.1
449.9
430.4
455.4
401.8
398.8
428.0
435.3

438.1
392.9
382.1
338.6
346.8

444.6
373.9
386.5
348.5
358.1

450.7
410.8
394.2
358.2
374.1

438.6
414.5
387.9
311.0
371.2

444.4
423.4
389.1
317.5
376.8

437.1
420.0
383.5
361.6
371.3

433.0
411.1
378.1
364.1
365.1

420.8
403.7
366.6
358.3
356.0

404.1
390.1
348.6
349.2
345.2

334.8
277.4
246.2
264.6
252.7

339.4
285.5
247.7
273.8
265.6

346.2
291.8
256.5
283.2
271.7

354.3
298.2
266.2
290.1
278.0

348.4
294.4
268.1
291.9
274.3

348.3
296.8
272.0
293.8
274.2

337.3
288.7
276.0
291.1
266.7

327.7
281.3
277.6
285.2
259.1

313.8
273.3
273.9
279.8
248.4

300.8
263.4
270.1
274.5
233.3

219.8
225.0
223.3

228.3
231.2
227*0

236.5
236.4
235.3

242.7
244.3

242.7
241.2

242.5
242.0

243.1
239.7

240.5
236.2

234.6
231.9

228.2
224.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.39
44.82
45.27
47.48

36.39
42.15
43.73
40.96

38.75
42.44
42.18
43.78

38.26
42.71
43.92
44.78

39.12
41.69
45.20
45.86

41.49
44.59
46.49
46.80

43.60
46.02
46.30
48.48

42.21
45.98
44.35
48.35

44.44
48.07
46.25
50.14

43.40
46.60
46.10
49.86

43.03
47.20
47.15
50.67

43.00
45.42
45.73
48.86

43.01
44.28
45.19
49.11

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

50.96
54. 51
56.59
57.96
60.15

47.60
49.28
53.82
54.34
57.52

48.25
50.83
55.02
55.24
58.25

47.60
51.21
54.74
56.20
58.11

50.82
52.65
55.95
56.99
58.16

51.60
53.06
56.84
58.02
60.20

53.06
56.85
58.25
59.45
63.04

49.79
54.74
57.09
55.75
60.59

52.27
58.03
58.11
58.08
62.68

53.29
58.00
57.87
60.60
61.75

53.72
57.77
58.51
61.31
61.91

52.79
56.91
56.65
59.50
60.15

51.61
55.58
55.91
57.82
60.20

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

61.78
61.34
62.76
67.26
67.20

58.16
58.13
57.99
62.27
65.30

57.96
59.28
57.51
62.59
64.63

59.44
60.36
59.15
65.11
64.53

60.37
61.44
58.99
65.51
68.28

62.65
62.31
62.21
67.87
68.68

64.31
63.30
64.39
69.60
70.24

63.18
60.91
63.14
68.46
68.73

64.48
63.90
65.90
70.41
69.25

63.50
62.32
66.40
68.80
68.56

63.11
62.37
66.63
68.16
67.77

61.53
61.29
64.68
68.34
65.40

59.59
60.26
63.86
67.60
63.58

1961
1962
1963

68.99
71.71

64.01
64.79
70.98

64.39
68.89
70.62

65.45
68.92
71.16

67.38
70.59
71.82

69.52
73.53
73.97

71.20
73.42

70.71
73.57

71.38
74.48

73.20
75.30

72.36
72.98

69.99
72.31

68.02
71.23

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.017
1.115
1.152
1.205

•938
1.046
1.107
1.104

.945
1.080
1.107
1.146

.971
1.065
1.129
1.154

•983
1.069
1.150
1.170

1.017
1.101
1.168
1.194

1.048
1.117
1.175
1.203

1.027
1.138
1.164
1.221

1.058
1.164
1.171
1.235

1.056
1.168
1.173
1.256

1.047
1.154
1.170
1.251

1.059
1.144
1.152
1.240

1.044
1.121
1.144
1.237

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.30
1.38
1.44
1.46
1.50

1.23
1.29
1.38
1.43
1.46

1.25
1.31
1.40
1.42
1.46

1.23
1.33
1.40
1.43
1.46

1.28
1.35
1.42
1.45
1.48

1.29
1.34
1.45
1.48
1.49

1.32
1.39
1.46
1.49
1.53

1.30
1.40
1.46
1.38
1.53

1.33
1.44
1.46
1.42
1.54

1.37
1.45
1.48
1.50
1.54

1.36
1.43
1.47
1.51
1.54

1.35
1.43
1.46
1.48
1.50

1.32
1.40
1.43
1.46
1.49

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.58
1.61
1.63
1.69
1.71

1.48
1.55
1.58
1.63
1.67

1.49
1.56
1.58
1.63
1.67

1.54
1.58
1.59
1.64
1.73

1.56
1.60
1.59
1.65
1.69

1.59
1.61
1.62
1.68
1.70

1.62
1.64
1.63
1.71
1.73

1.62
1.62
1.64
1.72
1.74

1.62
1.63
1.66
1.73
1.74

1.62
1.64
1.66
1.72
1.74

1.61
1.62
1.67
1.73
1.72

1.59
1.63
1.65
. 1.70
1.69

1.56
1.62
1.65
1.69
1.70

1961
1962
1963

1.76
1.82

1.68
1.82
1.82

1.69
1.78
1.82

1.70
1.79
1.82

1.75
1.81
1.80

1.76
1.82
1.84

1.78
1.84

1.79
1.83

1.78
1.83

1.83
1.85

1.80
1.82

1.79
1.84

1.79
1.85




55

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A pril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber December

SAWMILLS AND PLANING MILLS - SIC 242— *
CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.7
40.2
39.3
39.4

38.8
40.3
39.5
37.1

41.0
39.3
38.1
38.2

39.4
40.1
38.9
38.8

39.8
39.0
39.3
39.2

40.8
40.5
39.8
39.2

41.6
41.2
39.4
40.3

41.1
40.4
38.1
39.6

42.0
41.3
39.5
40.6

41.1
39.9
39.3
39.7

41.1
40.9
40.3
40.5

40.6
39.7
39.7
39.4

41.2
39.5
39.5
39.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.2
39.5
39.3
39.7
40.1

38.7
38.2
39.0
38.0
39.4

38.6
38.8
39.3
38.9
39.9

38.7
38.5
39.1
39.3
39.8

39.7
39.0
39.4
39.3
39.3

40.0
39.6
39.2
39.2
40.4

40.2
40.9
39.9
39.9
41.2

38.3
39.1
39.1
40.4
39.6

39.3
40.3
39.8
40.9
40.7

38.9
40.0
39.1
40.4
40.1

39.5
40.4
39.8
40.6
40.2

39.1
39.8
38.8
40.2
40.1

39.1
39.7
39.1
39.6
40.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.1
38.1
38.5
39.8
39.3

39.3
37.5
36.7
38.2
39.1

38.9
38.0
36.4
38.4
38.7

38.6
38.2
37.2
39.7
37.3

38.7
38.4
37.1
39.7
40.4

39.4
38.7
38.4
40.4
40.4

39.7
38.6
39.5
40.7
40.6

39.0
37.6
38.5
39.8
39.5

39.8
39.2
39.7
40.7
39.8

39.2
38.0
40.0
40.0
39.4

39.2
38.5
39.9
39.4
39.4

38.7
37.6
39.2
40.2
38.7

38.2
37.2
38.7
40.0
37.4

1961
1962
1963

39.2
39.4

38.1
35.6
39.0

38.1
38.7
38.8

38.5
38.5
39.1

38.5
39.0
39.9

39.5
40.4
40.2

40.0
39.9

39.5
40.2

40.1
40.7

40.0
40.7

40.2
40.1

39.1
39.3

38.0
38.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
3.3
3.0
2.9
3.1

1.3
2.7
3.2
2.6
2.3
2.9

1.3
2.7
2.7
2.4
2.8
2.9

1.6
3.2
2.5
2.4
2.7
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
4.5
3.9
4.2
4.4

2.5
3.3
3.1
3.3
3.5
3.7

2.4
3.1
3.6
3.1
4.1
3.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.6
2.9
2.8
3.4

1.4
2.3
2.2
1.6
2.1
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.6
5.2
4.5
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
3.2
3.2
2.6
3.0
3.0

1.6
3.5
3.6
2.9
3.5
3.2

1.9
3.6
3.6
3.3
3.4

1.9
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3

2.7
4.1
3.2
3.3
3.5

2.7
3.5
2.9
3.1
3.6

2.5
3.3
3.0
3.1
3.1

2.3
3.3
2.8
2.9
2.9

1.9
3.1
2.2
2.7
2.9

3.3
5.2
4.4
5.4
4.8
4.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.1
4.6
5.3
5.6
6.4
5.9
5.4
6.4
4.0
6.2
5.5
6.1
6.5
5.6
4.5
6.0
6.2
4.7
6.0
5.8
5.2
6.3

4.8
5.1
4.3
4.4
4.8

4.8
4.6
3.4
4.0
4.7

3.8
3.9
2.7
3.4
3.7

2.2
2.8
1.9
2.7
2.5

2.0
2.3
1.7
2.0
1.8

1.1
2.1
2.3
1.1
2.5
2.1

1.6
3.5
3.0
2.1
3.0
3.2

NEW HIRES
2.3
4.5
4.3
3.5
4.4
3.8

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
3.3
3.2
4.7
4.6
5.4
3.4
4.4
5.1
3.7
3.9
4.6
4.8
4.8
4.1
4.9

3.7
4.4
3.3
3.6
4.2

3.8
4.0
2.8
3.3
4.0

3.0
3.4
2.0
2.6
3.1

1.6
2.4
1.3
2.0
2.0

1.4
1.6
.9
1.3
1.4

4.6
4.4
5.1
5.4
5.1
4.2

3.9
3.6
3.8
5.0
4.2
3.9

3.7
3.6
4.3
4.1
4.2
4.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.7
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.5
5.2
3.3
3.8
3.9
3.5
4.0
4.5
4.4
4.0
4.8
4.6

4.4
5.1
5.7
4.7
5.5

4.9
6.0
6.3
5.8
5.8

4.3
4.8
5.4
4.5
4.7

4.4
4.9
6.5
4.9
5.2

4.0
4.6
6.6
5.0
5.0

1.7
2.3
2.0
1.7
2.2

1.1
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.5

.9
1.2
1.5
.9
1.2
1.4

1.0

1.8
1.8
1.2
1.6
1.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
1.8
1.7
1.8
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.2
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
1.5
1.9
2.0
2.0
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.7

2.6
3.4
2.8
2.6
3.5

3.1
3.9
3.3
3.2
3.8

2.1
2.6
1.7
1.7
2.3

1.4
1.9
1.1
1.2
1.6

1.9
1.6
2.5
2.2
1.8

3.1
2.5
3.0
3.8
3.1
2.1

2.6
2.0
1.8
3.6
2.4
2.0

2.3
1.2
1.8
2.4
1.8
1.8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.7
1.0
.9
l.l
1.2
1.3
2.1
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.3
.9
1.2
1.8
1.1

1.1
.9
2.2
1.3
1.2

1.1
1.3
2.4
1.9
1.2

1.6
1.4
3.2
2.0
1.6

2.6
2.4
4.9
3.1
3.0

2.5
2.7
5.3
3.5
3.2

261.9
281.7
264.8
232.8
231.7

265.3
278.5
257.9
233.8
227.6

267.0
273.1
249.4
230.2
223.8

263.6
268.7
239.4
224.7
219.8

260.2
263.5
224.5
217.5
212.9

1.0

1.4
1.0
1.0

1.2

tWMILLS AND PLANING MILLS* GENERAL - SIC 2421
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

254.0
268*9
252.2
224.6
221.5




244.5
257.5
250.9
217.7
209.0
210.8

238.9
254.7
248.0
211.0
213.2
209.1

238.8
254.4
242.7
212.8
213.2
212.0

241.2
263.4
255.1
220.3
219.0
215*4

249.1
272.5
260.9
227.6
224.8
223.7

258.2
278.6
267.3
233.7
231.9

259.7
280.4
265.1
233.4
231.1

56

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Y#or

A nnual
A varagu

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

Juna

July

August

Suptumbur

O ctober

Novem ber

Ducumbur

SAWMILLS AND PLANING MILLS* GENERAL — SIC 2421— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

8.3
8.3
T.9
7.9

8.1
8.5
8.2
8.0
7.7
7.8

8.1
8.3
7.8
7.6
7.6

8.2
8.1
7.8
7.7
7.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

232.8
246.7
229.7
203.3
201.7

223.4
235.4
228.1
195.5
188.8
192.1

218.1
232.8
225.7
189.1
193.2
190.3

218.0
232.5
220.2
191.0
193.7
193.2

8.0
8.2
8.3
8.0
7.8
7.9

8.2
8.5
7.9
8.0
8.0

8.3
8.3
8.0
8.1

8.3
8.3
8.3
8.0
8.0

8.6
8.4
7.8
8.1

8.3
8.4
7.9
7.9

8.6
8.2
8.4
7.9
7.8

8.0
8.1
7.9
7.8

8.1
8.0
7.9
7.8

240.9
259.0
241.6
211.6
211.5

244.1
256.6
234.8
212.4
208.0

245.4
251.0
227.2
209.4
204.2

242.0
246.3
217.3
204.0
200.6

238.5
241.0
202.7
196.9
194.1

67.83
69.38
68.99
73.78
74.21

65.69
69.37
66.39
71.58
73.32

64.90
68.63
64.73
69.37
72.58

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS
220.0
241.3
232.9
198.6
199.2
196.8

228.1
250.1
238.8
206.4
204.6
204.8

236.6
256.4
244.8
212.2
211.7

238.4
258.2
242.5
212.4
210.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

63.74
68.28
68.43
70.59
73.12

58.77
63.08
66.13
65.19
66.20
71.98

58.28
63.41
66.01
65.19
70.07
72.18

59.73
65.97
65.30
66.26
69.91
72.35

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.66
1.72
1.75
1.81
1.87

1.61
1.66
1.70
1.72
1.87
1.86

1.61
1.66
1.71
1.72
1.82
1.87

1.61
1.67
1.76
1.73
1.83
1.86

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

38.4
39.7
39.1
39.0
39.1

36.5
38.0
38.9
37.9
35.4
38.7

36.2
38.2
38.6
37.9
38.5
38.6

37.1
39.5
37.1
38.3
38.2
38.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
4.5
3.9
4.2
4.4

2.5
3.2
2.9
3.2
3.6
3.8

2.4
3.1
3.6
3.1
4.1
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.6
3.0
2.8
3.4

1.4
2.3
2.2
1.6
2.1
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.6
5.2
4.4
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

59.57
66.76
69.49
68.56
71.60
73.23

63.36
68.74
70.12
70.92
74.77
75.20

65.57
70.82
71.86
72.62
75.03

64.30
69.70
69.95
72.31
75.20

66.92
71.46
70.67
73.02
75.95

67.83
70.22
69.95
74.43
76.95

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1.69
1.76
1.78
1.83
1.88

1.70
1.76
1.78
1.87
1.90

1.70
1.77
1.76
1.84
1.86

1.68
1.73
1.72
1.84
1.88

1.69
1.72
1.74
1.84
1.89

38.5
39.6
39.3
39.3
40.0

39.6
40.6
39.7
39.9
40.4

39.9
39.9
39.3
39.8
40.5

39.9
39.2
39.2
40.1
39.9

39.1
40.1
38.6
38.9
39.0

38.4
39.9
37.2
37.7
38.4

3.2
4.8
4.4
5.0
4.8
4.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.6
5.1
5.3
5.7
5.3
6.5
5.8
6.3
6.2
5.6
4.0
6.3
6.7
6.1
4.5
5.7
5.9
6.0
4.7
6.3
6.5
5.2

4.7
5.0
4.1
4.2
4.8

4.9
4.6
3.4
3.9
4.6

3.8
3.8
2.6
3.1
3.6

2.0
2.8
1.8
2.5
2.5

2.0
2.3
1.6
1.9
1.8

1.1
2.1
2.4
1.1
2.5
2.1

1.6
3.5
3.0
2.2
3.0
3.3

NEW HIRES
2.3
4.5
4.4
3.7
4.5
3.8

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
3.3
4.0
4.5
5.4
4.7
3.5
4.5
5.3
4.0
3.8
4.8
4.9
4.2
4.7
5.1

3.7
4.4
3.3
3.6
4.2

3.9
4.0
2.8
3.2
3.9

3.0
3.3
2.0
2.5
3.1

1.5
2.4
1.3
1.7
2.0

1.4
1.6
.9
1.2
1.4

4.6
4.4
5.0
5-4
5.3
4.1

3.9
3.8
3.9
4.5
4.1
4.0

3.4
3.5
4.1
3.9
4.3
4.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.6
3.8
3.8
4.3
4.4
4.6
4.4
4.2
4.3
4.4
5.2
3.7
3.7
3.5
3.2
4.3
3.9
4.4
3.9
4.8
4.7

4.5
5.1
5.6
4.7
5.5

5.1
6.0
6.3
5.8
5.8

4.4
4.8
5.6
4.6
4.7

4.5
4.9
6.8
5.0
5.0

4.0
4.8
6.7
5.2
5.2

1.7
2.3
2.1
1.7
2.2

1.1
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.4

.9
1.3
1.5
.9
1.2
1.4

1.0

1.8
1.9
1.2
1.6
1.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.8
1.4
1.7
2.3
2.7
2.6
2.7
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
1.5
1.9
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.8
2.2

2.7
3.4
2.9
2.6
3.5

3.3
4.0
3.4
3.3
3.9

2.2
2.6
1.7
1.7
2.3

1.4
1.9
1.1
1.2
1.6

1.1
1.4

1*9
1.6
2.5
2.2
1.8

3.1
2.5
3.0
3.9
3.3
2.1

2.6
2.1
1.9
3.2
2.3
2.0

2.1
1.2
1.6
2.2
1.9
1.8

1.2
.9
2.1
1.4
1.3

1.1
1.2
2.4
1.9
1.1

1.6
1.5
3.4
2.2
1.7

2.7
2.4
5.2
3.3
2.8

2.5
2.9
5.4
3.8
3.4

1.61
1.69
1.72
1.79
1.85
1.84

1.65
1.71
1.74
1.80
1.86
1.88

1.66
1.74
1.77
1.82
1.89

1.67
1.76
1.78
1.84
1.88

PRODUCTION^-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




37*0
39.5
40.4
38.3
38.7
39.8

38.4
40.2
40.3
39.4
40.2
40.0

39.5
40.7
40.6
39.9
39.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.7
1.3
1.4
1.6
.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.2
.9
1.3
.8
1.9
1.1

1.3
.9
2.0
1.0
1.1

1.0
1.0

1.3

57

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yaar

Annual
Avaraga

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

Jun*

July

August

September

October

November December

millhork ,

1947
1948
1949
1950

PLYWOOD> AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 243
t
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
125.9
125.9
123.3
123.2
124.2
125.1
126.4
122.1
129.9
130.4
131.0
130.1
130.8
128.7
129.7
130.4
118.1
114.3
116.5
114.4
120.3
117.6
115.9
116.0
122.4
138.0
139.9
136.8
122.4
124.9
128.8
133.5

126.1
132.4
117.2
145.4

126.5
131.8
117.7
147.5

127.7
131.6
120.6
147.9

129.5
130.3
123.2
146.5

130.5
127.7
123.8
144.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

139.2
135.3
140.1
134.3
149.9

144.1
128.2
140.4
128.9
139.7

140.8
125.6
140.7
128.8
139.8

141.4
126.9
141.1
129.6
141.4

142.5
129.4
143.2
131.2
145.2

142.4
127.3
141.7
133.9
148.3

143.8
136.3
143.9
136.3
152.2

136.6
138.5
140.5
125.1
151.8

139.5
142.8
140.6
125.2
157.5

137.8
143.4
139.9
142.8
157.8

137.7
143.0
140.0
144.3
157.8

132.8
141.6
136.5
143.6
154.5

131.1
140.9
132.6
141.5
152.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

151.2
143.1
142.0
156.1
146.5

150.7
141.1
137.0
146.3
147.7

150.2
138.7
135.3
144.2
147.2

150.8
139.3
132.7
147.1
145.8

152.5
140.3
134.7
154.0
148.4

152.9
142.7
135.4
158.5
149.3

153.8
145.2
141.3
163.5
150.4

152.5
145.9
143.0
164.0
149.2

157.5
148.6
146.4
164.7
150.5

154.5
147.7
149.0
163.0
148.3

149.4
146.0
150.8
159.9
145.1

145.7
142.3
149.2
155.4
138.9

143.3
139.3
148.9
152.0
136.7

1961
1962
1963

143.2
151.9

133.4
141.5
147.3

131.5
141.9
146.4

133.5
143.1
148.0

138.5
149.2
151.7

142.5
153.0
155.1

147.9
157.1

147.8
156.7

152.2
160.6

150.9
158.3

148.5
156.6

146.7
154.1

144.6
150.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
9.3
9.7

1950

8.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

10.1
10.0
11.5
10.3
10.1

10.5
9.7
11.6
10.4
10.5

10.7
10.8
11.9
9.8
10.6

10.9
11.4
11.6
10.7
11.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

11.5
10.4
10.3
10.7
10.7

10.3
10.6

10.5
10.6

11.1
10.4
10.2
11.0
10.6

11.4
10.6

11.4
10.7

11.3
10.7
10.3
11.3
10.4

11.4
10.7

11.3
10.5

11.4
10.8
10.8
11.3
10.2

11.1
10.0

11.0
9.8

9.8
10.5
10.6

10.0
10.7
10.9

10.5
10.8

10.4
10.8

10.4
11.1

10.2
11.0

10.3
11.0

10.2
10.8

10.1
10.5

11.1
10.5

9.9

1961
1962
1963

10.1
10.7

9.8
10.2
10.2

9.5
10.6
10.4

9.7
10.4
10.5

1947
1948
1949
1950

111.9
115.4
103.0
120.2

109.6
116.7
105.4
107.2

109.5
115.8
102.9
106.7

110.4
116.2
101.2
109.2

111.1
115.4
101.2
112.6

112.4
114.3
99.6
117.1

112.6
114.9
101.4
121.0

107.6
115.1
99.2
123.1

112.1
116.9
102.0
128.5

111.8
116*2
102.6
130.2

114.2
116.1
104.9
130.4

115.3
114.9
107.4
129.2

116.4
112.5
108.3
127.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

120.3
115.5
119.2
113.3
127.8

124.8
109.0
119.8
108.1
118.5

121.5
106.3
120.0
108.3
118.6

122.2
107.4
120.1
109.0
120.2

123.3
109.9
122.1
110.6
123.7

123.9
107.7
120.6
112.9
126.2

124.8
116.4
122.9
114.9
130.3

118.0
118.3
120.0
103.6
129.3

120.7
122.5
119.5
103.7
134.8

119.1
123.3
119.1
121.5
135.1

118.6
122.8
119.0
122.8
134.8

113.9
121.5
115.5
122.8
131.8

112.2
120.6
111.6
120.8
129.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
i960

128.7
121.1
119.7
132.9
123.8

127.6
119.1
114.6
124.1
125.1

127.8
117.2
113.3
121.7
124.9

128.3
117.7
110.8
124.3
123.1

130.2
118.6
112.8
131.3
125.5

130.6
120.6
114.2
135.6
126.4

131.5
123.3
119.8
i39.7
127.1

129.6
123.6
120.8
140.3
126.3

134.3
126.5
123.9
140.9
127.9

131.9
126.0
126.1
139.3
125.6

127.4
123.7
127.8
136.4
122.3

123.8
120.2
126.3
132.3
117.0

121.4
117.2
126.0
128.9
114.7

1961
1962
1963

120.9
128.6

111.5
118.7
124.9

109.9
119.1
124.0

111.8
120.3
125.3

116.6
125.7
128.7

170.4
129.8
132.0

125.0
133.2

125.2
132.8

129.5
136.8

128.5
134.7

126.1
133.1

124.3
130.9

122.1
127.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

48.64
53.83
53.92
59.48

44.80
51.18
52.12
54.99

46.01
52.09
51.94
55.88

46.14
52.33
52.61
56.58

47.04
53.57
53.53
57.82

48.26
53.56
53.96
58.08

49.91
53.88
54.08
60.03

47.45
53.59
51.68
58.63

50.06
55.29
53.10
60.32

50.30
55.08
54.51
60.83

50.85
55.81
56.50
62.42

50.58
55.30
55.03
61.83

52.29
54.91
57.68
63.54

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

62.88
65.78
67.32
69. 38
72.38

61.63
62.62
65.92
66.73
71.14

61.76
63.45
67.46
67.64
70.69

62.34
64.17
68.04
66.99
71.38

63.06
64.74
68.04
67.23
71.21

63.06
63.76
68.30
68.21
72.31

63.33
66.88
68.30
70.30
72.73

61.27
65.10
66.74
68.15
71.97

62.85
67.31
66.58
70.38
72.98

64.41
67. 36
64.94
69.70
73.33

64.72
67.52
67.98
72.50
72.98

61.31
66.30
66.99
71.82
71.58

63.38
67.42
67.65
71.91
73.15

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

72.72
74.03
77.97
82.81
81.59

71.81
71.89
73.33
79.58
81.40

71.81
72.44
74.29
80.77
81.19

73.26
70.43
73.90
82.39
80.78

73.49
72.65
74.48
83.82
82.41

72.54
74.96
76.21
84.44
83.03

73.67
75.92
77.76
84.44
82.00

72.76
74.61
77.97
82.61
80.94

73.67
76.33
80.70
84.65
82.81

73.35
76.17
82.15
82.21
81.18

72.00
75.20
81.76
83.02
82.01

71.46
72.94
81.76
82.42
79.58

73.53
74.84
79.77
83.23
80.38

1961
1962
1963

84.44
87.12

79.95
83.92
87.10

79.76
84.42
86.88

81.99
86.07
87.94

84.44
87.54
87.94

85.27
89.23
90.07

86.52
87.97

85.24
87.53

87.35
89.02

86.50
89.23

86.09
86.88

85.26
87.53

86.28
87.94




58

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yaar

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Juna

July

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novam bar

Dacambar

MILLWORK* PLYWOOD* AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 243— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.126
1.249
1.293
1.380

1.059
1.182
1.265
1.303

1.080
1.203
1.270
1.321

1.083
1.203
1.280
1.325

1.089
1.223
1.293
1.351

1.125
1.237
1*297
1.357

1.142
1.250
1.300
1.380

1.119
1.264
1.292
1.373

1.115
1.274
1.292
1.393

1.159
1.293
1.301
1.408

1.169
1.286
1.311
1.425

1.179
1.286
1.304
1.428

1.183
1.289
1.311
1.454

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.49
1.57
1.63
1.68
1.74

1.45
1.52
1.60
1.66
1.71

1.46
1.54
1.61
1.67
1.72

1.46
1.55
1.62
1.65
1.72

1.47
1.56
1.62
1.66
1.72

1.47
1.54
1.63
1.68
1.73

1.49
1.57
1.63
1.69
1.74

1.48
1.55
1.62
1.65
1.73

1.50
1.58
1.62
1.66
1.75

1.53
1.60
1.64
1.70
1.75

1.53
1.60
1.65
1.71
1.75

1.51
1.59
1.65
1.71
1.75

1.52
1.59
1.65
1.70
1.75

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.80
1.86
1.93
2.01
2.05

1.76
1.82
1.89
1.96
2.03

1.76
1.82
1.90
1.97
2.04

1.80
1.82
1.89
1.99
2.04

1.81
1.83
1.90
2.01
2.05

1.80
1.86
1.91
2.02
2.05

1.81
1.87
1.92
2.02
2.05

1.81
1.87
1.93
2.01
2.07

1.81
1.88
1.94
2.03
2.06

1.82
1.89
1.97
2.02
2.05

1.80
1.88
1.97
2.02
2.04

1.80
1.88
1.97
2.03
2.03

1.82
1.89
1.96
2.03
2.04

1961
1962
1963

2.09
2.13

2.05
2.13
2.14

2.04
2.10
2.14

2.06
2.12
2.15

2.09
2.13
2.15

2.09
2.15
2.16

2.10
2.13

2.11
2.14

2.11
2.14

2.12
2.15

2.11
2.14

2.10
2.14

2.12
2.15

1947
1948
1949
1950

43.2
43.1
41.7
43.1

42.3
43.3
41.2
42.2

42.6
43.3
40.9
42.3

42.6
43.5
41.1
42.7

43.2
43.8
41.4
42.8

42.9
43.3
41.6
42.8

43.7
43.1
41.6
43.5

42.4
42.4
40.0
42.7

44.9
43.4
4.1
43.3

43.4
42.6
41.9
43.2

43.5
43.4
43.1
43.8

42.9
43.0
42.2
43.3

44.2
42.6
44.0
43.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.2
41.9
41.3
41.3
41.6

42.5
41.2
41.2
40.2
41.6

42.3
41.2
41.9
40.5
41.1

42.7'
41.4
42.0
40.6
41.5

42.9
41.5
42.0
40.5
41.4

42.9
41.4
41.9
40.6
41.8

42.5
42.6
41.9
41.6
41.8

41.4
42.0
41.2
41.3
41.6

41.9
42.6
41.1
42.4
41.7

42.1
42.1
39.6
41.0
41.9

42.3
42.2
41.2
42.4
41.7

40.6
41.7
40.6
42.0
40.9

41.7
42.4
41.0
42.3
41.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.4
39.8
40.4
41.2
39.8

40.8
39.5
38.8
40.6
40.1

40.8
39.8
39.1
41.0
39.8

40.7
38.7
39.1
41.4
39.6

40.6
39.7
39.2
41.7
40.2

40.3
40.3
39.9
41.8
40.5

40.7
40.6
40.5
41.8
40.0

40.2
39.9
40.4
41.1
39.1

40.7
40.6
41.6
41.7
40.2

40.3
40.3
41.7
40.7
39.6

40.0
40.0
41.5
41.1
40.2

39.7
38.8
41.5
40.6
39.2

40.4
39.6
40.7
41.0
39.4

1961
1962
1963

40.4
40.9

39.0
39.4
40.7

39.1
40.2
40.6

39.8
40.6
40.9

40.4
41.1
40.9

40.8
41.5
41.7

41.2
41.3

40.4
40.9

41.4
41.6

40.8
41.5

40.8
40.6

40.6
40.9

40.7
40.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
3.3
2.6
2.8
3.3

2.0
3.0
2.8
1.9
2.5
2.8

2.0
3.2
2.8
1.8
2.8
3.0

2.0
3.4
2.6
2.3
3.0
3.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
4.6
3.8
4.3
4.6

3.0
3.3
3.2
4.0
3.8
3.8

2.2
3.3
3.5
3.2
4.4
3.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.9
2.7
3.1
3.6

1.5
2.7
2.3
1.4
2.3
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
4.6
4.9
4.2
4.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.4
1.8
1.7
2.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




2.6
3.3
2.5
3.1
3.5

3.6
3.8
2.7
3.4
3.7

3.9
3.1
2.7
3.2
3.8

3.6
3.3
2.7
3.0
3.2

3.7
3.0
2.4
2.7
3.2

2.9
3.1
2.3
2.9
3.3

2.9
5.3
3.9
4.8
4.9
4.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
4.4
6.3
5.3
6.7
6.8
6.7
4.8
4.5
4.7
5.3
4.2
5.6
6.1
6.6
4.7
6.2
6.2
4.9
5.7
6.2
5.0

4.8
5.0
4.4
4.5
5.0

5.7
4.9
3.8
4.2
5.0

3.5
3.5
3.2
3.7
4.1

2.9
2.6
2.4
2.5
2.8

2.5
1.9
2.4
1.8
2.0

1.1
2.6
2.5
1.5
2.8
2.6

1.1
4.2
2.7
2.7
3.5
3.0

NEW HIRES
1.8
5.5
3.2
3.8
4.5
4.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
2.7
3.7
5.9
5.8
4.3
3.1
4.1
3.2
5.3
4.1
4.4
5.6
4.7
4.1
4.2

3.7
4.5
3.4
4.0
4.4

4.6
4.5
3.2
3.6
4.4

2.9
3.0
2.3
3.1
3.5

2.2
2.1
1.6
2.0
2.2

1.5
1.6
.8
1.2
1.5

4.1
3.8
5.6
6.2
5.3
4.5

3.7
4.2
3.6
3.7
3.5
3.5

3.7
3.3
4.0
3.0
4.1
3.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
3.4
3.1
3.2
3.5
4.4
4.5
4.8
4.4
4.5
4.7
4.8
3.1
3.4
3.3
3.4
3.8
4.2
4.4
3.9
3.8
4.4

4.1
5.3
5.2
5.0
6.3

5.0
6.8
6.8
6.0
7.0

4.0
5.3
5.3
4.9
5.6

4.1
5.6
4.9
4.2
4.3

3.7
3.7
5.3
4.1
4.6

1.0
1.4
1.5
1.1
1.4
1.5

•8
1.4
1.5
.9
1.3
1.4

1.0
1.9
1.7
1.0
1.8
1.8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.1
1.3
1.4
1.4
2.3
2.9
2.6
2.6
2.3
1.9
2.1
2.2
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.7
2.2
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.6
2.2

2.1
3.3
2.7
2.5
3.6

3.2
4.3
2.8
3.4
4.3

1.7
2.3
1.4
1.9
2.3

1.2
1.9
1.1
1.3
1.6

1.0
1.3
.7
•9
1.1

2.1
3.6
2.5
2.9
3.2
3.1

2.2
3.7
2.7
2.8
3.4
3.5

2.8
3.6
2.7
3.0
3.5

59

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

August

July

September

October

November December

MILLWORK* PLYWOOD* AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 243— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.0
3.4
4.7
3.3
2.1

1.8
1.6
2.4
1.9
1.8

2.5
2.2
1.5
2.4
1.7
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.2
1.4
1.1
.5
•6
1.1
1.3
1.7
1.8
.9
1.0
•8
.9
.9
1.4
.9
1.0

2.3
.8
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.1

1.2
1.4
2.1
1.0
1.0

1.4
1.3
1.8
1.7
1.7

1.1
1.8
3.2
1.8
2.0

1.7
2.3
3.3
2.1
2.3

2.4
3.0
3.3
2.4
2.0

2.2
1.8
4.1
2.8
2.9

69.0
77.2
68.5
68.3
71.0

70.1
76.5
67.2
67.5
70.2

71.2
75.3
65.6
66.2
69.4

70.5
73.3
64.1
65.3
67.5

70.1
71.2
62.4
64.4
65.9

5.8
5.1
5.0
5.1

5.8
4.9
4.8
5.0

5.5
5.7
4.8
4.9
5.0

5.6
4.7
4.8
4.9

5.5
4.7
4.9
4.8

55.7
62.8
55.3
55.3
58.0

56.5
62.2
54.0
54.7
57.2

57.5
61.2
52.4
53.5
56.4

56.9
59.2
51.1
52.6
54.6

56.4
57.2
49.6
51.6
53.1

MILLWORK - SIC 2431
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

67.5
73.5
67.2
64.4
66.9

66.5
70.3
68.9
61.2
62.6
65.2

5.7
5.0
4.8
5.0

5.3
5.5
5.3
4.6
4.8
4.8

65.5
69.4
68.7
60.3
62.9
65.4

64.8
70.4
68.0
60.5
63.1
65.9

64.4
72.1
68.1
62.3
65.3
67.3

64.0
73.8
68.2
64.0
67.2
69.0

67.1
76.4
69.0
66.2
69.1

67.1
76.6
68.2
66.9
68.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES ■ IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.4
5.1
4.4
5.0
4.9

5.5
5.2
4.5
4.8
5.0

5.2
5.8
5.2
4.6
4.9
5.1

5.8
5.1
4.8
5.1
5.1

5.8
5.2
5.1
5.1

5.2
5.8
5.0
5.0
5.0

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

54.2
59.4
53.9
51.7
54.1

53.1
56.5
55.2
48.4
49.9
52.4

52.5
55.5
55.2
47.8
50.1
52.5

1947
1948
1949
1950

46.93
52.58
53.36
58.12

43.22
49.51
52.62
55.19

43.40
49.44
51.78
54.86

43.84
49.94
51.64
55.59

45.13
51.38
51.88
56.64

46.78
52.19
52.43
56.91

46.60
52.92
53.19
58.76

46.00
51.75
52.44
57.65

48.39
54.40
52.84
58.45

48.45
54.27
54.03
59.67

49.08
55.04
55.63
60.85

48.71
53.81
55.06
60.55

50.72
54.14
56.94
60.95

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

60.98
64.84
67.49
69.87
71.40

59.06
61.31
66.26
66.86
69.08

59.31
61.35
67.32
67.54
69.49

60.30
62.37
67.32
67.54
70.35

61.45
62.93
67.73
66.80
70.24

61.30
63.55
67.82
68.61
71.17

61.12
66.73
68.81
70.89
72.45

59.64
64.43
67.65
69.80
72.28

61.39
66.78
67.49
71.74
72.51

61.80
67.88
66.30
71.72
72.51

63.27
68.04
68.64
72.83
72.98

61.16
67.14
67.06
71.80
70.80

62.36
66.98
67.80
71.38
71.86

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

71.86
74.45
78.20
82.21
81.77

70.27
71.58
73.15
79.20
80.16

69.92
71.78
73.92
78.41
78.93

70.74
71.60
73.73
79.80
80.34

71.10
72.54
74.11
81.60
79.95

72.40
74.24
77.02
82.81
82.18

73.71
76.36
78.78
84.23
82.80

72.47
76.55
79.97
83.21
83.39

73.38
76.36
82.17
85.07
83.41

73.63
77.36
82.78
82.62
83.18

72.29
76.00
82.19
83.64
83.84

71.92
73.91
80.78
82.01
81.56

72.86
74.10
79.79
82.40
81.33

1961
1962
1963

85.41
87.05

80.91
82.99
85.93

80.88
82.47
85.10

82.11
84.56
86.55

83.37
87.89
86.58

86.28
90.01
89.38

87.56
87.94

86.05
87.51

88.17
90.06

87.67
88.54

86.65
87.23

86.24
85.97

85.57
87.82

51.8
56.5
54.4
47.8
50.5
52.8

51.2
58.0
54.5
49.6
52.5
54.0

51.2
59.6
54.7
51.4
54.6
55.7

54.0
62.0
55.5
53.4
56.2

53.8
62.3
54.9
54.1
55.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.112
1.243
1.292
1.374

1.044
1.165
1.271
1.314

1.056
1.180
1.269
1.322

1.064
1.189
1.272
1.330

1.072
1.206
1.281
1.355

1.106
1.228
1.285
1.355

1.125
1.248
1.291
1.373

1.111
1.256
1.298
1.366

1.136
1.277
1.295
1.385

1.140
1.286
1.302
1.404

1.152
1.286
1.309
1.415

1.157
1.275
1.311
1.418

1.166
1.280
1.318
1.434

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.48
1.57
1.65
1.70
1.75

1.43
1.51
1.62
1.68
1.71

1.45
1.53
1.63
1.68
1.72

1.46
1.54
1.63
1.68
1.72

1.47
1.55
1.64
1.67
1.73

1.47
1.55
1.65
1.69
1.74

1.48
1.57
1.65
1.70
1.75

1.48
1.56
1.65
1.69
1.75

1.49
1.59
1.65
1.70
1.76

1.50
1.62
1.67
1.72
1.76

1.51
1.62
1.67
1.73
1.78

1.51
1.61
1.66
1.73
1.77

1.51
1.61
1.67
1.72
1.77

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.81
1.88
1.95
2.02
2.07

1.77
1.84
1.91
1.98
2.05

1.77
1.85
1.91
1.97
2.05

1.80
1.85
1.91
1.99
2.06

1.80
1.86
1.91
2.00
2.05

1.81
1.87
1.94
2.01
2.07

1.82
1.89
1.95
2.02
2.07

1.83
1.89
1.96
2.01
2.09

1.83
1.89
1.98
2.04
2.08

1.85
1.91
1.99
2.03
2.09

1.83
1.90
1.99
2.04
2.07

1.83
1.90
1.98
2.04
2.07

1.84
1.90
1.98
2.06
2.08

1961
1962
1963

2.13
2.16

2.08
2.15
2.17

2.09
2.12
2.16

2.10
2.13
2.18

2.10
2.17
2.17

2.12
2.19
2.18

2.12
2.15

2.13
2.15

2.14
2.17

2.17
2.17

2.15
2.17

2.14
2.16

2.15
2.19




60

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

MILLWORK - SIC 2431— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

42.2
42.3
41.3
42.3

41.4
42.5
41.4
42.0

41.1
41.9
40.8
41.5

41.2
42.0
40.6
41.8

42.1
42.6
40.5
41.8

42.3
42.5
40.8
42.0

43.2
42.4
41.2
42.8

41.4
41.2
40.4
42.2

42.6
42.6
40.8
42.2

42.5
42.2
41.5
42.5

42.6
42.8
42.5
43.0

42.1
42.2
42.0
42.7

43.5
42.3
43.2
42.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.2
41.3
40.9
41.1
40.8

41.3
40.6
40.9
39.8
40.4

40.9
40.1
41.3
40.2
40.4

' 41.3
40.5
41.3
40.2
40.9

41.8
40.6
41.3
40.0
40.6

41.7
41.0
41.1
40.6
40.9

41.3
42.5
41.7
41.7
41.4

40.3
41.3
41.0
41.3
41.3

41.2
42.0
40.9
42.2
41.2

41.2
41.9
39.7
41.7
41.2

41.9
42.0
41.1
42.1
41.0

40.5
41.7
40.4
41.5
40.0

41.3
41.6
40.6
41.5
40.6

1956
1957
19 58
1959
1960

39.7
39.6
40.1
40.7
39.5

39.7
38.9
38.3
40.0
39.1

39.5
38.8
38.7
39.8
38.5

39.3
38.7
38.6
40.1
39.0

39.5
39.0
38.8
40.8
39.0

40.0
39.7
39.7
41.2
39.7

40.5
40.4
40.4
41.7
40.0

39.6
40.5
40.8
41.4
39.9

40.1
40.4
41.5
41.7
40.1

39.8
40.5
41.6
40.7
39.8

39.5
40.C
41.3
41.0
40.5

39.3
38.9
40.8
40.2
39.4

39.6
39.0
40.3
40.0
39.1

1961
1962
1963

40.1
40.3

38.9
38.6
39.6

38.7
38.9
39.4

39.1
39.7
39.7

39.7
40.5
39.9

40.7
41.1
41.0

41.3
40.9

40.4
40.7

41.2
41.5

40.4
40.8

40.3
40.2

40.3
39.8

39.8
4C.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.6
3.4
4.2
4.6

3.2
3.7
3.1
4.4
4.0
4.6

1.7
3.3
3.8
2.9
4.7
3.8

1.6
5.8
3.4
4.8
5.1
3.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.5
5.5
2.7
4.7
6.5
4.5
7.8
6.2
3.4
4.3
4.5
3.4
4.6
5.3
5.3
6.9
6.6
5.8
6.8
4.5
5.8
5.6

4.8
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.9

5.5
5.1
3.7
3.8
4.7

3.6
3.3
2.6
3.6
3.5

3.0
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.5

2.8
1.6
1.9
1.3
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
4.0
2.6
3.0
3.8

1.6
2.9
2.3
1.4
2.0
2.1

.9
2.5
2.5
1.3
3.0
2.8

4.8
2.6
2.4
4.0
2.9

NEW HIRES
1.6
5.3
2.5
3.5
5.0
4.2

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
2.3
3.5
6.0
7.1
4.2
2.7
3.1
3.6
4.1
4.1
5.9
5.7
6.4
4.1
4.8

4.0
4.5
3.7
4.2
4.4

4.8
4.7
3.3
3.3
4.3

3.2
3.0
1.9
3.2
3.3

2.2
2.1
1.8
2.0
1.8

1.7
1.4
.8
.9
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.7
4.7
4.1
4.9

4.0
3.8
4.4
5.4
4.5
3.6

2.9
4.1
3.7
3.6
3.9
3.0

3.3
3.2
4.1
2.8
4.9
3.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
3.8
3.3
2.5
4.6
4.7
3.5
4.7
4.5
4.6
4.4
4.2
3.1
2.9
3.3
3.1
5.0
4.1
3.6
4.2
3.8
4.7

4.1
5.8
5.2
4.7
5.9

5.0
6.6
7.1
5.9
6.7

4.2
5.4
5.0
5.3
5.9

3.5
5.9
5.2
4.6
5.1

3.6
3.7
4.5
4.3
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.4
1.7
1.5
2.1

1.0

.7
1.4
1.3
.7

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
2.3
2.9
2.7
2.7
2.0
1.8
2.0
1.7
1.4
1.8
1.4
1.2
2.7
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.5

2.3
3.7
2.9
2.5
3.7

3.4
4.7
2.7
3.5
4.3

1.7
2.4
1.3
2.0
2.2

1.2
1.6
.9
1.2
1.5

1.1

1.0

1.3

.9
1.7
1.6
.9
1.7
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
1.6
2.5
1.9
2.0

1.8
2.2
1.9
2.6
2.4
1.1

2.0
.7
2.0
1.5
2.6
1.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
1.7
.9
.9
.7
1.3
.5
l.l
1.9
1.5
1.9
2.0
1.0
1.0
.7
1.0
1.4
1.4
•8
1.2
1.4
1.0

1.3
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.4

.7
1.2
3.7
1.5
1.6

1.7
2.4
3.3
2.2
2.7

1.7
3.5
3.9
2.9
2.8

2.0
2.0
3.3
3.0
3.1

61.7
69.0
65.6
66.1
70.1

62.7
68.2
65.1
66.1
70.1

63.6
68.0
64.1
65.5
70.0

63.3
67.1
61.1
65.3
70.0

64.0
66.8
61.2
64.9
69.6

4.5
4.4
4.2
4.6

4.4
4.4
4.2
4.6

4.3
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.6

4.4
4.1
4.2
4.6

4.4
4.0
4.1
4.5

1.4
1.3
.9
1.1
1.3
2.6
1.8
2.6
4.0
2.7
1.7

1.0

1.0

1.3
.7
.8

VENEER AND PLYWOOD - SIC 2432
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

60.7
66.9
64.7
63.4
68.4

59.4
63.7
66.9
60.1
65.1
69.5

59.1
63.5
66.5
59.4
66.1
69.2

57.1
64.1
65.8
60.4
66.7
70.1

58.5
67.3
66.3
62.1
67.3
70.5

58.6
68.0
65.4
63.0
67.7
70.8

59.9
68.9
64.7
64.7
69.1

60.9
68.6
63.9
63.3
68.9

FEMALE 1
EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.4
4.3
4.1
4.4




4.0
4.2
4.3
4.0
4.2
4.3

4.0
4.4
4.0
4.3
4.4

4.1
4.3
4.1
4.3
4.4

4.0
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.3
4.4

4.5
4.4
4.1
4.3
4.6

4.5
4.4
4.2
4.4

4.1
4.4
4.3
4.1
4.4

61

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

A pril

July

M ay

A ugm t

September

October

November

December

VENEER AND PLYWOOD - SIC 2432— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

55.8
61.9
59.7
58.4
63.2

54.3
58.8
61.8
55.2
60.0
64.4

54.0
58.6
61.6
54.5
61.1
64.1

52.1
59.2
60.7
55.7
61.6
65.0

53.6
62.2
61.3
57.3
62.1
65.3

53.8
62.9
60.4
58.1
62.5
65.5

55.1
63.8
59.6
59.6
63.8

56.0
63.4
58.9
58.2
63.6

57.T
63.2
60.2
61.0
64.8

58.7
62.8
59.1
60.3
64.8

58.3
62.1
56.2
60.1
64.8

58.9
61.8
56.3
59.7
64.4

81.67
82.81
79.19
85.90
89.46

81.48
83.80
80.00
84.67
85.90

81.67
82.80
77.22
83.64
88.20

80.10
84.40
79.20
86.32
88.62

56.7
63.9
60.6
61.0
64.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE 1EEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
W
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

77.52
84.20
81.41
84.05
87.57

73.28
81.29
83.21
79.19
85.27
87.78

75.20
83.89
83.43
79.60
86.11
88.62

74.61
85.77
82.42
82.21
87.36
89.04

74.84
87.09
84.04
85.70
87.78
88.41

75.60
88.13
83.84
84.87
87.99
89.68

77.30
85.24
81.00
84.46
87.57

75.41
81.60
78.52
83.63
86.93

79.57
85.26
82.01
86.31
87.78

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.90
2.00
2.02
2.05
2.10

1.86
1.94
2.01
2.01
2.09
2.10

1.88
1.96
2.02
1.99
2.07
2.11

1.87
1.99
2.02
2.02
2.09
2.11

1.89
2.03
2.03
2.07
2.10
2.11

1.89
2.04
2.03
2.05
2.10
2.12

1.89
2.02
2.02
2.05
2.10

1.89
2.00
2.05
2.07
2.11

1.89
2.03
2.03
2.06
2.09

1.94
2.01
2.01
2.08
2.11

1.94
2.00
2.00
2.05
2.09

1.94
2.00
1.97
2.05
2.10

1.93
2.00
2.00
2.07
2.11

39.9
40.8
38.3
40.4
41.2

42.1
42.0
40.4
41.9
42.0

42.1
41.2
39.4
41.3
42.4

42.0
41.9
40.0
41.3
41.1

42.1
41.4
39.2
40.8
42.0

41.5
42.2
39.6
41.7
42.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.6
2.8
4.5
3.4
5.1
5.3
5.2
4.3
3.9
4.0
5.3
4.7
5.7
4.3
4.0
5.2
4.5
4.1
5.2
4.3
4.0
4.2

4.2
4.9
4.4
4.5
4.7

5.4
4.7
3.9
4.4
5.4

3.8
3.8
3.6
3.3
4.4

2.8
2.5
1.9
2.6
2.9

1.8
2.4
2.2
2.1
1.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
3.4
3.0
3.8
4.7
5.0
3.9
3.1
4.4
3.6
3.3
4.2
3.4
3.5
4.5
3.5

3.0
4.4
3.5
4.0
4.1

4.2
4.3
3.2
4.0
4.9

3.0
3.4
2.6
2.9
3.9

2.2
2.1
1.2
2.2
2.4

1.3
2.0
.7
1.4
1.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.8
42.1
40.3
41.0
41.7

39.4
41.9
41.4
39.4
40.8
41.8

40.0
42.8
41.3
40.0
41.6
42.0

39.9
43.1
40.8
40.7
41.8
42.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.1
3.6
3.9
4.0

2.8
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.4
3.0

2.5
3.4
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.1

3.1
4.2
3.2
4.1
3.5
3.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
3.6
2.8
2.9
3.3

1.4
2.7
2.5
1.3
2.6
2.2

1.3
2.9
2.2
1.6
2.6
2.5

1.3
3.7
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.5
3.9
4.6
3.7
3.8

3.5
2.7
3.8
5.2
3.5
3.5

3.7
3.1
3.6
3.5
2.7
3.2

4.5
3.7
3.8
2.8
3.4
3.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
4.1
3.7
3.1
4.5
3.7
4.2
4.6
5.1
4.6
4.9
4.5
3.4
3.0
3.7
3.3
3.8
3.6
3.7
4.6
4.0
3.8

3.8
4.8
5.1
4.4
5.0

4.0
5.4
6.1
4.9
5.9

2.9
4.0
4.9
4.1
4.1

2.8
3.7
4.0
3.4
3.2

2.4
2.9
4.7
2.4
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.4
2.1
1.8
2.3

1.0

.9
1.5
1.7

1.2
2.2
2.1
1.2
1.8
2.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
1.6
1.2
1.8
2.8
2.9
2.8
2.5
2.6
2.8
2.6
2.4
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.1
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.7

2.0
3.1
2.8
2.7
3.5

2.9
3.8
3.3
3.2
4.3

1.8
2.2
1.7
1.9
2.5

1.3
1.7
1.2
1.4
1.7

1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
.9
1.7
1.3
•8

2.1
.7
1.3
3.5
1.4
•8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.3
1.3
2.4
.9
.5
•4
1.1
1.0
1.6
1.3
1.5
•6
.6
.9
.5
.8
.5
.6
1.3
.7
.5

1.3
.9
1.4
.8
.8

.6
.9
1.8
.9
.8

•6
.9
2.4
1.5
.7

.9
1.3
2.2
1.5
•8




1.4
1.6
1.2
1.5
1.7

1.0

1.5
1.6
2.4
1.0
1.0

2.1
.6
.9

2.9
.9
1.0

1.2
.8
.5

39.6
42.9
41.4
41.4
41.8
41.9

40.0
43.2
41.3
41.4
41.9
42.3

NEW HIRES
1.5
4.3
3.3
3.5
3.7
3.7

40.9
42.2
40.1
41.2
41.7

1.4
.8
1.0

1.3

1.0

.9
3.3
.9
.9

62

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Y«or

Annual
A va rag*

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Jun*

August

July

Saptembar

October

Novambar

D sctm bsr

WOODEN CONTAINERS - SIC 244
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
81.1
80.1
78.0
81.1
73.7
72.6
72.4
73.1
61.8
63.7
63.7
63.6
64.8
62.7
63.4
65.3

77.6
72.5
61.9
66.4

77.2
71.6
61.4
68.0

77.3
71.2
61.7
68.6

75.9
71.3
62.2
68.1

75.6
70.1
62.6
67.2

68.1
64.2
66.3
57.9
56.1

66.6
62.7
65.6
54.2
54.4

65.0
62.9
64.4
53.4
53.5

64.4
63.2
63.1
55.4
55.2

64.6
62.4
62.5
56.2
56.0

64.5
65.1
61.1
55.2
56.0

65.6
66.4
60.4
55.4
56.0

56.0
50.0
43.4
45.0
43.6

55.5
50.0
44.0
45.6
43.8

54.1
47.6
43.3
44.7
43.2

53.7
47.3
42.4
43.1
42.6

53.5
48.0
43.7
43.5
41.7

53.6
47.2
44.1
43.1
41.2

52.2
46.0
43.6
42.0
39.9

52.0
44.8
43.4
42.3
38.5

39.8
37.2
36.0

40.1
37.8

39.1
37.3

39.1
37.1

38.7
36.2

37.8
36.4

37.1
35.6

36.8
35.2

1947
1948
1949
1950

78.7
72.6
63.2
65.0

80.2
75.4
66.7
61.6

79.5
73.5
64.9
61.7

80.9
73.5
64.0
61.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

66.6
64.1
64.4
56.5
55.3

67.9
64.8
65.6
58.7
55.4

68.3
64.8
65.7
58.2
55.1

68.6
64.6
66.1
57.6
55.5

67.9
64.0
65.8
57.8
54.8

67.8
64.0
66.1
57.5
55.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

54.4
48.5
43.2
43.4
41.8

55.1
51.4
43.8
42.9
41.6

55.2
50.6
41.3
42.1
41.4

55.7
49.8
42.5
42.9
41.4

56.0
49.8
42.4
43.9
42.8

1961
1962
1963

38.4
36.4

37.7
35.8
34.2

37.7
36.0
34.0

37.8
35.9
34.3

38.7
36.3
35.0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES -- IN THOUSANDS
10.2
10.0

10.4
9.8
8.3
7.7
7.4

7.6
7.2

10.9
11.7
11.3
10.5
10.7

7.5
7.3

10.9
9.5
7.8
7.9
7.5

8.2
7.7

8.0
7.8

10.3
9.0
8.0
7.9
7.5

7.6
7.4

7.6
7.2

10.2
9.0
7.8
7.7
7.3

7.6
7.1

7.6
6.7

6.6
6.4
6.2

6.8
6.5
6.4

7.0
6.6

6.6
6.4

6.8
6.5

6.6
6.3

6.5
6.6

6.6
6.5

6.6
6.4

10.9
11.1
11.9
10.6
10.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

11.3
11.3
11.7
9.9
10.1

10.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

11.2

11.1
11.1
11.8
10.5
10.4

1950

7.7
7.3

1961
1962
1963

6.6
6.4

6.5
6.3
6.1

6.5
6.4
6.0

6.6
6.3
6.1

1947
1948
1949
1950

73.8
67.4
58.5
60.3

75.3
70i3
61.9
57.0

74.6
68.5
60.0
57.2

75.9
68.4
59.3
57.3

76.1
68.6
59.2
58.1

76.3
67.4
59.2
58.7

75.3
67.3
59.1
60.6

73.1
68.0
57.1
60.3

72.6
67.2
57.2
61.8

72.2
66.5
56.9
63.3

72.3
66.0
57.1
63.9

70.9
66.0
57.5
63.3

70.6
65.1
57.9
62.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

61.8
59.3
59.7
52.1
51.0

63.1
60.1
60.7
54.2
51.2

63.5
60.1
60.9
53.8
50.9

63.6
59.9
61.3
53.3
51.1

62.9
59.3
61.0
53.2
50.5

63.1
59.1
61.4
53.0
51.1

63.4
59.4
61.5
53.3
51.9

61.8
58.0
60.9
49.9
50.1

60.3
58.1
59.7
49.1
49.3

59.6
58.3
58.4
51.2
51.0

59.8
57.6
57.9
51.9
51.6

59.7
60.2
56.7
51.0
51.7

60.9
61.5
56.0
51.2
51.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

50.1
44.4
39.2
39.4
37.9

50.9
47.2
39.7
38.8
37.5

50.8
46.6
37.3
38.2
37.5

51.2
45.8
38.5
38.8
37.4

51.5
45.7
38*4
39.9
38.8

51.6
45.9
39.4
40.9
39.7

51.1
45.8
39.9
41.6
40.0

49.7
43.4
39.3
40.8
39.1

49.4
43*0
38.4
39.0
38.7

49.2
43.8
39.8
39.4
37.7

49.3
43.0
40.2
39.0
37.3

48.1
41.8
39.6
38.0
36.0

47.8
40.8
39.4
38.3
34.8

1961
1962
1963

34.7
33.0

33.9
32.4
30.9

34.0
32.5
30.8

34.2
32.5
31.1

34.8
32.8
31.9

36.1
33.6
32.8

36.6
34.5

35.4
33.9

35.0
33.7

34.9
32.9

34.2
33.1

33.6
32.2

33.1
31.9

1947
1948
1949
1950

39.59
42.09
42.39
46.57

37.45
40.74
41.34
41.73

38.19
39.61
40.96
43.39

37.71
41.21
41.12
43.32

38.18
40.46
40.99
44.31

39.22
41.66
42.13
44.97

40.14
43.13
42.70
47.04

40.29
42.61
42.89
48.28

40.24
43.81
42.50
48.68

40.88
43.24
43.54
48.07

40.74
43.87
43.92
49.37

40.28
42.45
42.49
49.13

42.27
43.01
43.91
49.05

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

49.45
50.93
51.74
50.44
53.33

48.52
48.98
51.58
48.26
49.67

48.04
48.86
51.97
49.28
50.44

48.52
49.13
52.63
49. 54
52.53

48.88
49.39
52.78
49.66
52.54

49.41
50.25
52.12
50.44
53.20

50.84
50.53
52.39
51.61
55.49

49.23
50.67
51.75
49.92
52.22

49.48
51.46
51.22
49.54
53.57

50.00
51.86
50.04
51.21
54.12

49.85
53.04
51.61
52.27
55.49

49.60
52.63
50.18
50.96
53.73

51.28
53.54
50.57
50.96
54.81

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

57.42
56.98
57.90
61.35
62.02

53.33
56.36
53.95
58.71
60.59

54.40
55.92
53.36
58.95
60.06

57.57
56.65
54.98
60.10
60.76

58.11
57.48
55.13
59.80
61.69

57.96
57.72
56.92
62.02
64.12

58.21
57.72
58.80
62.83
64.31

58.21
58.20
59.34
62.12
64.71

58.56
58.20
60.85
62.68
63.12

58.56
57.30
61.29
62.49
61.82

59.20
57.45
60.44
62.68
62.65

56.79
55.58
58.56
60.74
60.68

57.82
55.65
59.04
61.66
58.44

1961
1962
1963

63.12
66.17

59.68
60.89
64.02

59.91
64.94
64.91

60.06
65.44
65.01

62.02
67.06
66.73

62.87
67.73
68.31

64.08
67.65

64.80
68.30

63.83
68.30

65.27
68.04

66.57
66.66

64.85
65.76

65.04
64.29

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




63

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November December

WOODEN CONTAINERS - SIC 246— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

.975
1.047
1.076
1.179

1.044
1.081

.909

•936
1.021
1.045
1.130

.938
1.020
1.041
1.128

•938
1.009
1.051
1.145

.952
1.026
1.064
1.156

.972
1.052
1.092
1.191

.990
1.068
1.097
1.213

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.23
1.27
1.30
1.30
1.34

1.21
1.24
1.28
1.28
1.29

1.21
1.24
1.28
1.28
1.29

1.21
1.25
1.29
1.28
1.31

1.21
1.26
1.30
1.28
1.32

1.22
1.25
1.29
1.29
1.32

1.24
1.26
1.30
1.31
1.36

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.45
1.48
1.50
1.53
1.57

1.34
1.46
1.47
1.49
1.53

1.36
1.46
1.47
1.50
1.54

1.45
1.46
1.47
1.51
1.55

1.46
1.47
1.47
1.51
1.55

1.46
1.48
1.49
1.52
1.56

1961
1962
1963

1.59
1.65

1.55
1.65
1.65

1.54
1.64
1.66

1.54
1.64
1.65

1.57
1.66
1.66

1.56
1.66
1.65

1.011

1.066
1.101
1.208

1.022
1.081
1.105
1.217

1.021
1.086
1.098
1.216

1.012
1.064
1.084
1.213

1.021
1.062
1.095
1.217

1.24
1.27
1.31
1.29
1.36

1.24
1.28
1.31
1.29
1.37

1.25
1.29
1.31
1.33
1.37

1.24
1.30
1.32
1.32
1.37

1.24
1.29
1.29
1.30
1.34

1.26
1.29
1.29
1.31
1.34

1.47
1.48
1.50
1.54
1.58

1.47
1.50
1.51
1.53
1.59

1.49
1.50
1.51
1.54
1.59

1.49
1.50
1.54
1.57
1.61

1.48
1.50
1.53
1.54
1.59

1.46
1.49
1.49
1.53
1.56

1.46
1.48
1.51
1.53
1.55

1.59
1.65

1.60
1.67

1.58
1.67

1.64
1.68

1.66
1.65

1.65
1.64

1.63
1.64

1.0 0 1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.6
40.2
39.4
39.5

41.2
40.3
39.6
38.6

40.8
38.8
39.2
38.4

40.2
40.4
39.5
38.4

40.7
40.1
39.0
38.7

41.2
40.6
39.6
38.9

41.3
41.0
39.1
39.5

40.7
39.9
39.1
39.8

40.2
41.1
38.6
40.3

40.0
40.0
39.4
39.5

39.9
40.4
40.0
40.6

39.8
39.9
39.2
40.5

41.4
40.5
40.1
40.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.2
40.1
39.8
38.8
39.8

40.1
39.5
40.3
37.7
38.5

39.7
39.4
40.6
38.5
39.1

40.1
39.3
40.8
38.7
40.1

40.4
39.2
40.6
38.8
39.8

40.5
40.2
40.4
39.1
40.3

41.0
40.1
40.3
39.4
40.8

39.7
39.9
39.5
38.7
38.4

39.9
40.2
39.1
38.4
39.1

40.0
40.2
38.2
38.5
39.5

40.2
40.8
39.1
39.6
40.5

40.0
40.8
38.9
39.2
40.1

40.7
41.5
39.2
38.9
40.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.6
38.5
38.6
40.1
39.5

39.8
38.6
36.7
39.4
39.6

40.0
38.3
36.3
39.3
39.0

39.7
38.8
37.4
39.8
39.2

39.8
39.1
37.5
39.6
39.8

39.7
39.0
38.2
40.8
41.1

39.6
39.0
39.2
40.8
40.7

39.6
38.8
39.3
40.6
40.7

39.3
38.8
40.3
40.7
39.7

39.3
38.2
39.8
39.8
38.4

40.0
38.3
39.5
40.7
39.4

38.9
37.3
39.3
39.7
38.9

39.6
37.6
39.1
40.3
37.7

1961
1962
1963

39.7
40.1

38.5
36.9
38.8

38.9
39.6
39.1

39.0
39.9
39.4

39.5
40.4
40.2

40.3
40.8
41.4

40.3
41.0

40.5
40.9

40.4
40.9

39.8
40.5

40.1
40.4

39.3
40.1

39.9
39.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.9

1.5
2.3
2.4
2.0
1.9
1.9

1.5
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.6
2.2

1.6
2.6
2.4
2.1
2.8
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.8
5.0
4.9
5.1
5.5

3.2
3.5
5.6
4.9
5.2
4.5

4.0
3.1
4.3
4.4
5.2
3.5

5.8
5.4
5.6
4.4
5.7
5.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.2
3.3
2.9
3.4

2.0
2.2
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.0

1.9
2.2
2.6
1.9
2.7
2.6

1.9
3.0
3.5
2.2
2.8
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.1
5.5
5.5
5.3
5.8

7.1
4.6
3.8
6.2
5.3
5.4

6.5
4.3
4.4
3.5
4.0
4.1

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.1
2.0
1.6
1.9

1.2
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.4
1*3

1.1
1.3
1.5
.9
1.1
1.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.3
3.0
3.2
2.7
3.2
3.5

1.8
3.2
3.1
2.7
3.4

1.8
3.4
3.2
3.2
3.9

2.3
3.2
2.7
2.7
3.3

2.2
2.9
2.3
2.5
3.2

2.2
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.8

2.2
2.6
2.2
2.3
2.5

1.9
2.6
1.9
2.5
2.4

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.0
4.7
5.6
4.5
5.9
5.9
5.7
4.9
6.6
5.3
6.4
4.2
5.2
7.5
6.2
4.7
6.4
9.1
6.2
4.5
5.9
6.7

5.1
5.5
4.9
5.6
6.2

8.0
5.1
4.3
5.8
5.6

4.8
5.9
4.2
4.8
5.9

3.4
4.3
3.9
4.5
3.6

3.0
4.3
3.0
3.0
2.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
3.5
3.0
4.4
4.0
4.1
5.1
2.9
5.1
4.5
2.9
4.7
5.3
5.7
3.6
4.8

3.3
3.6
3.6
3.3
3.3

2.9
3.7
3.3
3.3
4.0

2.6
3.1
2.7
2.8
3.3

2.0
2.5
2.1
2.6
2.5

1.7
1.9
1.6
1.5
1.5

4.2
4.5
4.7
3.9
6.2
3.7

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.6
6.0
4.2
4.4
4.9
4.4
4.5
7.0
4.7
6.5
5.0
4.6
6.4
3.7
4.1
6.0
7.9
6.7
6.2
3.8
5.0
4.3

6.3
8.1
5.9
6.1
7.6

4.1
6.7
6.9
7.2
5.0

4.4
5.7
7.9
6.2
6.1

4.3
5.9
4.8
4.3
5.4

3.8
5.3
6.5
6.0
5.2

1.1
1.4
1.8
1.2
1.5
1.5

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.3
1.7
1.6
2.0
2.5
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.1
2.3
2.2
1.4
1.9
1.9
1.5
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.7
2.5
2.2

1.6
3.1
2.6
2.5
3.5

2.2
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.1

1.8
2.3
1.8
1.9
2.3

1.5
1.8
1.0
1.1
1.5

1.0
1.3
1.1
.9
.8

NEW HIRES
2.1
4.1
3.9
3.1
4.0
4.4

o




1.7
2.5
2.4
2.4
3.0
2.8

64

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber

December

WOODEN CONTAINERS - SIC 244— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.0

5.4
2.6
2.1
4.5
3.1
3.5

4.9
2.4
2.3
2.1
2.3
2.1

2.5
2.8
2.3
1.9
4.0
1.4

LAYOFFS PER IOO EMPLOYEES
2.5
2.4
3.9
3.4
3.7
1.7
1.8
2.2
1.8
1.7
3.2
2.2
1.6
3.3
1.8
4.2
3.4
.9
3.0
5.1
1.6
1.4

4.0
4.1
2.5
2.9
3.1

1.3
2.6
2.8
3.0
1.1

2.1
2.8
5.5
3.4
3.0

2.3
3.3
3.0
2.5
3.2

2.2
3.6
4.8
4.7
3.8

33.5
32.9
32.5
29.6
28.2

33.7
33.2
31.7
29.1
27.5

33.7
32.5
30.8
28.3
27.7

33.1
31.5
29.7
27.6
26.9

33.0
31.8
28.7
27.4
26.6

5.6
5.3
4.8
4.6

5.7
5.2
4.8
4.5

5.9
5.7
5.3
4.7
4.8

5.5
5.1
4.8
4.6

5.5
5.0
4.8
4.5

30.3
29.7
29.5
26*6
25.5

30.6
30.0
28.6
26.1
24.8

30.6
29.4
27.8
25.5
25.1

29.9
28.4
26.7
24.8
24.2

29.8
28.7
25.9
24.6
24.0

WOODEN BOXES# SHOOK, AND CRATES - SIC 2441«2
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

33.2
32.7
31.5
28.8
27.5

33.7
32.4
31.3
28.4
26.7
25.7

32.3
31.9
31.2
28.3
27.1
25.7

32.6
32.3
31.3
28.3
26.9
26.1

32.3
32.8
32.0
28.8
27.1
26.5

33.0
33.6
32.9
29.8
27.8
27.3

33.6
34.1
33.3
30.5
28.8

33.4
33.8
32.9
29*8
28*6

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.7
5.3
4.8
4.6

6.3
5.7
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.3

5.6
5.2
4.7
4.7
4.3

5.5
5.3
4.7
4.6
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

30.0
29.6
28.5
25.9
24.8

30*4
29.2
28.2
25.4
24.0
23.1

29.1
28.8
28.1
25.3
24.4
23.1

29.4
29.1
28.1
25.5
24.1
23.5

5.8
5.7
5.4
4.7
4.6
4.4

6.0
5.6
4.9
4.7
4.6

5.8
5.7
5.0
4.7

5.8
5.7
5.4
4.9
4.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
29.1
29.7
28.9
25.8
24.4
24.1

29.8
30.4
29.8
27.0
25.0
24.8

30.3
31.0
30.3
27.7
26.1

30.2
30*7
29.7
26.9
25*8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

39.84
42.67
42.81
46.92

37.27
41.31
41.23
42.24

37.66
40.37
40.83
43.35

37.36
41.90
40.69
43.61

38.13
41.00
41.08
*5.21

39.50
42.42
42.41
45.11

40.82
44*20
43.11
47*52

40*38
42*96
43*65
48*80

41.04
44.34
43.19
48.88

41.25
43.55
44.23
48.04

41.31
44.39
45.09
49.64

41.03
43.29
43.10
49.48

42.83
43.35
44.33
49.77

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

49.65
51.16
51.60
49.67
53.73

49.73
48.68
52.07
47.75
49.41

49.56
48.68
52.20
48.13
51.08

49.85
49.23
53.41
49.41
53.06

50.09
50.00
53.56
49.66
52.79

49.97
50.63
52.76
50.05
54.25

50.55
50*78
52.37
51.74
56.17

49.48
51.31
51.48
49.41
53.96

48.95
51.58
50.31
48.13
53.45

49. 85
52.37
49.14
50.92
53.99

49.82
53.69
50.44
51.74
55.62

49.69
53.15
48.77
50.57
54.54

50.72
54.57
49.28
50.57
55.49

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

57.02
56.83
57.13
60.75
60.89

54.27
55.54
52.78
57.13
59.60

54.27
55.39
52.13
57.77
59.10

56.91
56.26
53.86
59.35
59.65

57.60
56.79
54.09
59.20
60.10

57.13
57.33
56.39
61.54
63.80

57.67
57.81
59.10
62.62
63.09

57.82
58.89
59.89
62.93
63.49

57.48
58.44
61.00
62.47
62.17

58.31
56.85
61.10
62.16
61.30

58.36
57.51
58.95
61.76
60.68

56.45
54.39
56.84
59.85
59.04

56.70
54.17
57.62
61.35
57.53

1961
1962
1963

61.85
64.88

57.60
59.15
60.99

59.00
63.20
62.49

58.56
63.52
62.65

60.34
65.12
64.32

61.86
66.33
67.20

62.47
66.91

63.43
66.91

63.49
67.16

63.68
67.40

64.88
65.21

62.81
63.52

63.67
62.65

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

.967
1.051
1.081
1.170

•896
1.010
1.036
1.083

.923
1.017
1.039
1.126

•918
1.027
1.030
1.124

.921
1.020
1.048
1.136

•945
1*032
1.071
1*142

.972
1.060
1.097
1.182

•980
1.066
1.105
1.208

•996
1.084
1.116
1.201

1.016
1.086
1.114
1.198

1.015
1.088
1.116
1.202

1.008
1.069
1.094
1.204

1.015
1.060
1.100
1.205

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.22
1.26
1.29
1.29
1.34

1.21
1.22
1.27
1.27
1.28

1.20
1.22
1.27
1.27
1.29

1.21
1.24
1.29
1.28
1.31

1.21
1.25
1.30
1.28
1.31

1.21
1.25
1.29
1.29
1.32

1.23
1.26
1.29
1.32
1.36

1.24
1.27
1.30
1.28
1.38

1.23
1.28
1.29
1.27
1.36

1.24
1.29
1.30
1.34
1.36

1.23
1.30
1.30
1.32
1.37

1.23
1.29
1.27
1.30
1.35

1.24
1.29
1.27
1.30
1.35

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.44
1.48
1.48
1.50
1.53

1.34
1.45
1.45
1.45
1.49

1.35
1.45
1.44
1.47
1.50

1.43
1.45
1.44
1.48
1.51

1.44
1.46
1.45
1.48
1.51

1.45
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.53

1.46
1.49
1.50
1.52
1.55

1.46
1.51
1.52
1.52
1.56

1.47
1.51
1.51
1.52
1.57

1.48
1.50
1.52
1.55
1.58

1.47
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.54

1.44
1.47
1.45
1.50
1.51

1.45
1.46
1.47
1.50
1.51

1961
1962
1963

1.55
1.61

1.50
1.59
1.58

1.49
1.58
1.59

1.49
1.58
1.59

1.52
1.60
1.60

1.52
1.61
1.60

1.55
1.62

1.57
1.64

1.56
1.63

1.60
1.64

1.61
1.61

1.59
1.58

1.58
1.59




65

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A pril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

WOODEN BOXES* SHOOK* AND CRATES - SIC 2441,2— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.2
40.6
39.6
40.1

41.6
40.9
39.8
39.0

40.8
39.7
39.3
38.5

40.7
40.8
39.5
38.8

41.4
40.2
39.2
39.8

41.8
41.1
39.6
39.5

42.0
41.7
39.3
40.2

41.2
40.3
39.5
40.4

41.2
40.9
38.7
40.7

40.6
40.1
39.7
40.1

40.7
40.8
40.4
41.3

40.7
40.5
39.4
41.1

42.2
40.9
40.3
41.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.7
40.6
40.0
38.5
40.1

41.1
39.9
41.0
37.6
38.6

41.3
39.9
41.1
37.9
39.6

41.2
39.7
41.4
38.6
40.5

41.4
40.0
41.2
38.8
40.3

41.3
40.5
40.9
38.8
41.1

41.1
40.3
40.6
39.2
41.3

39.9
40.4
39.6
38.6
39.1

39.6
40.3
39.0
37.9
39.3

40.2
40.6
37.8
38.0
39.7

40.5
41.3
38.8
39.2
40.6

40.4
41.2
38.4
38.9
40.4

40.9
42.3
38.8
38.9
41.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.6
38.4
38.6
40.5
39.8

40.5
38.3
36.4
39.4
40.0

40.2
38.2
36.2
39.3
39.4

39.8
38.8
37.4
40.1
39.5

40.0
38.9
37.3
40.0
39.8

39.4
39.0
38.1
41.3
41.7

39.5
38.8
39.4
41.2
40.7

39.6
39.0
39.4
41.4
40.7

39.1
38.7
40.4
41.1
39.6

39.4
37.9
40.2
40.1
38.8

39.7
38.6
39.3
40.9
39.4

39.2
37.0
39.2
39.9
39.1

39.1
37.1
39.2
40.9
38.1

1961
1962
1963

39.9
40.3

38.4
37.2
38.6

39.6
40.0
39.3

39.3
40.2
39.4

39.7
40.7
40.2

40.7
41.2
42.0

40.3
4!.3

40.4
40.8

40.7
41.2

39.8
41.1

40.3
40.5

39.5
40.2

40.3
39.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.9
5.0
5.0
5.2
5.7

3.4
3.7
5.1
5.4
5.7
5.0

4.1
3.4
3.9
4.7
5.7
3.7

3.8
5.9
5.8
4.3
6.3
5.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.1
6.2
4.9
4.5
5.7
5.9
5.8
5.5
5.5
7.3
7.3
4.7
5.3
8.4
6.5
4.4
7.1
10.8
6.8
4.7
6.3
7.8

5.4
5.0
5.5
6.5
4.5

8.2
5.5
4.2
4.7
5.3

4.9
4.8
4.4
4.7
5.1

3.6
4.6
3.8
4.6
3.7

3.1
4.2
2.9
3.1
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.4
3.5
3.1
3.7

2.2
2.1
2.6
2.0
2.4
2.2

1.9
2.3
2.5
2.1
3.1
3.0

1.8
3.1
3.6
2.2
2.8
4.0

NEW HIRES
2.0
4.1
3.9
3.2
4.6
4.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
3.4
2.8
4.6
4.5
4.1
5.7
5.9
3.4
5.1
5.2
3.1
6.6
5.8
3.7
5.5

3.4
3.6
4.0
3.8
3.5

2.8
4.1
3.2
3.6
4.2

2.8
3.3
3.0
2.8
3.6

2.1
2.8
2.3
2.9
2.8

1.8
2.1
1.8
1.7
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.1
5.4
5.9
5.5
5.9

6.3
4.9
4.2
7.2
5.6
5.8

6.0
4.5
4.7
3.1
4.4
4.1

4.5
4.4
4.2
3.9
6.7
3.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.6
4.9
6.0
6.4
4.6
4.6
5.1
7.7
4.8
4.7
6.5
6.0
4.0
3.8
5.0
6.7
5.6
7.2
3.9
5.3
4.3
5.1

4.8
6.7
7.0
6.6
7.3

4.2
7.4
7.8
7.9
5.7

4.5
6.2
8.4
7.0
7.0

4.6
5.7
5.8
4.5
5.9

4.0
3.4
6.9
6.7
6.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.1
2.2
1.7
2.0

1.3
1.5
1.4
1.1
1.4
1.4

1.1
1.3
1.6
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.5
1.3
1.4
1.9
2.4
2.1
2.1
2.5
2.4
2.8
2.4
1.4
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.9
2.2
2.2
2.0
2.4
2.7

1.5
3.2
3.0
2.7
4.0

2.1
3.8
3.7
3.4
3.5

1.9
2.3
2.0
2.0
2.5

1.5
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.5

1.3
1.2
.9
•8

1.3

1.1
1.5
1.9
1.1
1.5
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
2.7
3.0
3.1
2.9

4.5
2.7
2.3
5.4
3.4
3.8

4.4
2.7
2*5
1.6
2.6
1.8

2.7
2.5
1.7
2.1
4.3
1.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.8
3.9
4.4
1.9
1.8
4.4
2.4
1.7
1.5
2.7
2.8
1.9
2.5
3.9
1.1
4.1
1.4
•8
2.3
1.2
1.1

2.5
2*6
3.1
3.0
2.2

1.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
1.3

2.2
3.3
5.7
4.2
3.7

2.5
3.1
3.8
2.7
3.7

2.5
1.6
5.0
5.3
4.4

55.1
61.3
61.7
59.7
63.4

55.6
61.4
61.2
59.8
63.1

56.7
60.9
60.0
59.8
62.5

56.8
59.5
59.1
59.6
61.9

56.7
58.8
58.1
59.2
61.6

13.3
13.4
13.7
14.0

13.5
13.3
13.8
14.2

12.1
13.4
13.2
14.0
14.3

13.1
13.0
13.9
13.9

13.0
12.6
13.7
13.8

1.0

1.0

MISCELLANEOUS WOOD PRODUCTS - SIC 249
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

55.7
59.8
60.0
59.0
61.8

56.6
57.3
58.7
58.0
59.0
61.0

55.6
57.6
59.1
57.9
60.0
61.3

55.8
58.7
59.6
57.6
60.9
62.6

55.2
60.0
60.6
58.3
61.7
62.8

54.6
60.2
60.4
58.7
62.3
64.0

55.0
61.0
60.9
59.7
63.2

54.9
60.4
60.2
59.2
61.9

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

13.0
13.2
13.2
13.9




12.1
12.5
13.0
12.5
13.5
13.5

12.5
13.2^
12.6
13.8
13.6

12.8
13.4
12.4
14.0
14.0

11.8
12.9
13.5
12.6
14.1
13.8

13.2
13.3
12.8
14.1
14.2

13.2
13.2
13.2
13.9

11.2
12.9
12.9
13.0
13.4

66

EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yaar

Annual
Avaraga

January

Fabruary

March

A p ril

Juna

M ay

July,

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novambar Dacambar

MISCELLANEOUS WOOD PRODUCTS - SIC 249— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

47.8
51.7
51.8
50.7
53.5

48.5
49.3
50.6
49.7
50.8
52.7

47.7
49.6
51.1
49.5
51.7
53.0

1958
1*959
1960
1961
1962
1963

64.87
68.21
69.32
69.77
72.54

63.43
66.90
68.85
67.32
67.61
73.08

62.79
66.50
68.51
67.55
70.40
72.90

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.63
1.68
1.72
1.74
1.80

1.61
1.66
1.70
1.70
1.77
1.80

1.61
1.65
1.70
1.71
1.76
1.80

47.9
50.7
51.4
49.4
52.6
54.3

47.2
51.9
52.6
50.1
53.3
54.5

46.8
52.2
52.2
50.4
53.8
55.5

47.2
52.8
52.6
51.5
54.7

47.0
52.1
52.0
50.9
53.6

47.3
53.1
53.5
51*4
55.1

47.8
53.3
52.8
51.6
54.8

48.8
52.8
51.7
51.6
54.3

49.0
51.4
50.7
51.3
53.7

48.7
50.6
49.9
51.0
53.3

66.83
68.34
69.72
70.93
74.62

67.32
69.02
70.41
71.28
73.44

67.40
68.28
68.97
71.69
73.71

67.23
68.91
66.91
70.40
72.80

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
63.20
67.16
68.68
68.06
71.91
73.12

62.56
67.56
68.51
70.12
72.62
72.36

62.95
68.88
69.60
70.12
72.85
73.89

64.55
69.05
70.86
71.05
73.49

63.96
68.78
69.32
69.60
72.00

65.76
69.05
69.55
69.95
73.49

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1.60
1.65
1.70
1.71
1.78
1.81

1.60
1.66
1.70
1.74
1.78
1.80

1.61
1.68
1.71
1.74
1.79
1.82

1.63
1.68
1.72
1.75
1.81

1.64
1.69
1.72
1.74
1.80

1.64
1.68
1.73
1.74
1.81

1.65
1.70
1.73
1.76
1.82

1.65
1.70
1.73
1.76
1.80

1.66
1.69
1.72
1.77
1.82

1.66
1.71
1.72
1.76
1.82

40.1
41.1
40.2
40.2
40.6

40.5
40.2
40.3
40.3
41.0

40.8
40.6
40.7
40.5
40.8

40.6
40.4
40.1
40.5
40.5

40.5
40.3
38.9
40.0
40.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
39.5
40.7
40.4
39.8
40.4
40.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.8
40.6
40.3
40.1
40.3

39.4
40.3
40.5
39.6
38.2
40.6

39.0
40.3
40.3
39.5
40.0
40.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.9

2.3
2.7
2.7
2.2
2.6
2.5

2.2
2.7
2.7
2.3
2.9
2.7

2.1
2.9
3.0
2.4
3.1
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
4.7
4.3
4.4
4.9

3.5
4.6
5.0
4.2
4.9
4.9

3.2
4.0
4.9
3.7
4.9
6.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
3.6
3.2
3.1
3.7

1.4
2.7
3.2
2.3
3.3
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.3
4.6
4.8
4.6
5.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
40.7
40.3
40.3
40.8
40.2

39.1
41.0
40.7
40.3
40.7
40.6

39*6
41.1
41.2
40.6
40.6

39.0
40.7
40.3
40.0
40.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.8
3.0
2.6
2.7
2.8

2.6
3.2
2.6
2.6
3.1

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.7
3.1

3.0
3.0
2.9
3.1
3.0

3.1
2.7
2.5
2.9
2.7

3.1
2.7
2.4
2.7
2.7

3.0
5.3
5.3
4.7
5.4
6.4

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
4.1
5.1
3.3
5.2
5.6
5.9
4.4
4.7
5.2
4.9
4.6
4.7
5.6
4.3
4.2
5.8
5.4
5.3
5.9
5.8
5.3

4.5
5.4
4.9
5.7
5.3

4.7
5.3
3.7
5.4
5.0

5.1
4.2
3.1
4.5
4.8

3.1
3.2
2.9
3.4
3.4

2.6
3.0
2.3
2.3
2.9

1.2
3.0
3.6
2.3
3.4
4.3

1.3
3.8
3.5
2.7
4.2
4.7

NEW HIRES
1.8
4.0
3.8
3.3
4.6
4.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.6
2.1
3.0
4.5
4.7
3.7
3.8
3.8
3.8
2.8
3.6
3.2
4.5
4.4
3.5
4.8

2.9
4.6
3.7
4.7
4.4

3.2
4.6
3.0
4.3
4.0

3.5
3.2
2.5
3.5
3.9

1.9
2.0
1.7
2.4
2.6

1.6
1.8
1.4
1.5
2.0

5.5
4.0
3.8
4.6
4.2
5.2

4.1
3.9
4.1
4.2
3.9
4.3

3.9
2.9
4.5
4.1
4.7
5.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.3
4.5
3.4
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.2
3.6
4.7
4.5
4.0
4.4
4.1
4.1
4.5
4.1
4.0
5.0
5.3
5.8
4.6
4.9

4.6
5.3
6.2
5.8
6.1

4.7
6.7
5.3
5.8
5.6

4.3
6.4
5.5
5.2
6.1

3.6
4.5
4.8
4.4
4.3

3.9
4.5
5.7
3.7
4.7

1.3
2.0
1.9
1.6
2.1

1.0
1.4
1.4
1.0
1.4
1.5

1.0
1.4
1.6
•8
1.5
1.6

.7
1.3
1.9
1.3
2.1
2.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1 .0
1.2
1.3
1.8
2.2
2.5
2.2
1.9
2.3
2.1
2.2
1.6
1.8
1.8
1.7
2.7
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.5
2.8

1.9
2.7
3*0
2.3
3.3

2.1
3.2
2.8
2.9
3.0

1.8
2.0
1.8
1.9
2.3

1.0
1.6
1.3
1.5
1.5

.9
1.1
.9
1.1
1.2

2.3
1.8
2.1
2.1
2.0

3.9
1.8
1.7
2.8
2.0
2.9

2.7
1.8
1.7
2.4
1.7
1.9

2.7
1 .0
1.7
2.2
1.9
1.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
2.7
2.5
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.6
1.3
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.5
•9
1.9
1.6
2.7
1 .7
1 .3

2.1
1.7
2.2
2.4
1.7

1.9
2.4
1.8
1.9
1.8

1.9
3.4
2.9
2.3
2.8

2.1
2.2
2.9
2.3
2.1

2.5
2.8
4.2
2.0
2.9




1.6
2.7
2.5
2.6
3.1
2.6

2.2
3.0
2.7
2.6
3.0
3.1

2.3
3.0
3.0
2.7
3.2

67

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

Juna

July

A ug utt

Saptambur

October

November December

FURNITURE A N D FIXTURES - SIC 25
1947
1948
1949
1950

336
346
317
364

329
361
326
338

336
362
321
347

336
358
316
351

ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
330
327
327
318
348
338
337
332
299
302
296
311
354
353
356
357

331
339
307
376

339
344
322
385

347
347
330
387

354
346
330
386

357
339
336
383

1951
195*
1953
1954
1955

357.2
357.1
369.9
341.9
363.8

380.3
353.8
376.2
346.1
345.9

383.5
353.0
381.0
344.9
350.7

385.1
352.1
382.4
343.5
354.1

375.9
347.4
378.8
336.3
354.2

357.3
343.4
372.4
329.6
354.1

343.3
345.6
368.0
328.3
357.T

337.9
343.4
366.3
325.7
355.1

338.8
355.3
365.1
341.4
370.9

339.1
364.4
367.6
350.0
378.0

343.1
371.1
365.2
353.1
381.8

349.4
377.3
361.3
353.9
382.3

352.8
378.3
354.1
349.6
380.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

375.5
374.3
360.8
385.0
383.0

378.4
369.7
366.9
376.6
388.3

379.2
371.3
360.9
378.5
387.1

376.0
371.2
354.7
378.1
386.6

372.2
370.7
347.2
379.5
387.3

368.7
367.2
345.6
380.3
383.2

370.3
371.3
348.9
385.8
384.9

364.5
369.9
347.5
384.5
377.6

376.9
379.5
362.8
388.3
385.7

381.8
382.6
372.6
392.7
386.3

382.8
382.8
375.7
392.8
385.4

377.7
379.8
374.8
391.3
377.8

377.2
375.7
371.8
391.0
365.2

1961
1962
1963

367.5
385.1

355.0
375.1
384.2

355.7
377.4
382.3

356.0
379.5
383.0

358.4
380.8
382.6

358.5
383.1
382.8

364.3
386.2

363.3
382.0

374.6
391.6

378.6
392.6

383.0
393.1

381.7
391.8

380.6
387.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
56.9
57.0

63.9

1950

55.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

63.9
63.0
71.9
64.7
61.9

65.0
63.6
72.0
61.5
63.0

59.1
62.8
69.2
58.6
61.1

60.4
68.3
69.0
63.2
67.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

66.6
66.2
63.7
64.6
66.4

65.0
66.1

65.6
65.8

65.9
67.1
60.4
65.9
66.3

66.3
65.5

66.8
65.4

64.5
65.8
59.2
65.9
63.2

67.0
64.8

68.2
65.7

68.5
67.8
64.4
68.5
65.2

67.8
64.1

67.3
61.7

59.4
64.6
66.1

60.7
65.0
66.1

60.9
65.8
66.5

62.0
66.7
66.8

61.9
66.8
66.9

62.9
66.7

62.7
66.2

64.6
67J2

65.7
69.0

67.0
68.9

66.2
68.9

66.2
67.8

1961
1962
1963

66.6
65.0
63.4
67.0

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

296
304
274
317

289
321
284
295

297
320
279
302

295
315
275
306

291
305
269
308

288
296
261
308

287
294
258
309

280
291
255
309

291
297
264
327

298
303
279
334

306
306
288
338

313
304
286
336

317
298
293
335

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

307.1
305.6
315.9
287.7
307.0

330.1
303.2
323.5
291.8
290.9

332.1
302.2
328.0
290.8
294.9

334.3
301.4
328.9
289.2
297.8

324.8
297.0
324.6
282.2
297 k5

306.9
292.6
318.4
275.9
297.8

293.5
294.5
314.3
274.1
300.8

288.6
292.2
311*7
271.6
298*3

289.7
303.4
310.7
287.5
313.8

289.3
311.9
313.2
296.1
320.5

293.4
318.4
310.4
299.1
324.1

299.8
324.5
306.7
299.4
325.0

303.1
326.1
299.9
294.7
322.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

315.5
313.0
298.7
321.0
318.5

319.7
309.4
303.9
313.5
324.0

320.8
310.4
298.4
315.0
323.0

317.0
310.3
292.8
315.0
321.8

313.0
309.9
285.5
316.3
322.2

309.3
306.2
284.5
317.0
318.3

309.9
310.8
287.6
321.5
320.2

303.3
308.5
285*5
320.3
313.3

315.8
318.0
301.0
324.3
321.3

321.1
321.4
310.7
328.7
321.7

321.9
320.8
312.8
327.9
320.7

317.3
316.8
312.0
326.5
313.8

316.5
313.0
309.5
326.2
301.2

1961
1962
1963

303.9
319.7

292.4
310.0
319.0

292.9
312.6
316.7

292.8
314.1
317.7

295.4
315.9
317.8

295.2
317.5
317.3

300.8
320.3

300.0
316^5

311.4
326.4

314.1
326.7

318.4
327.7

317.5
326.2

315.5
322.7

1947
1948
1949
1950

45.53
48.87
49.36
53.59

43.76
48.64
48.22
51.00

44.04
48.41
48.87
52.17

44.05
48.46
48.74
52.04

43.94
47.62
47.48
51.54

44.50
47.71
47.46
51.38

45.17
47.95
48.24
52.38

44.01
47.60
47.74
51.90

44.83
48.52
49.57
54.74

46.46
49.57
50.59
55.29

48.07
50.80
51.29
56.14

48.02
49.90
50.59
56.74

49.23
50.64
52.37
56.63

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

57.13
60.86
62.99
62.80
67.07

56.03
59.06
62.36
61.62
63.83

57.54
59.47
62.51
62.00
65.51

58.10
60.01
63.65
62.40
65.51

56.44
58.98
63.04
60.84
64.32

55.88
59.02
62.58
60.37
64.96

55.48
59.71
62.58
62.02
66.82

54.91
58.03
60.89
61.70
64.80

56.70
59.89
62.83
63.59
68.30

57.95
62.16
62.62
64.31
69.63

58.23
63.18
63.96
64.78
69.80

58.36
63.00
63.34
64.46
69.14

60.06
64.63
63.59
65.67
69.4t

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

68.78
69.83
69.95
74.48
75.20

67.16
68.28
67.58
72.40
74.77

68.06
69.37
67.61
72.36
74.59

68.71
69.77
67.97
72.76
73.70

67.20
68.51
66.73
72.62
74.43

66.70
68.03
66.73
72.80
74.61

67.94
69.30
68.89
74.70
75.39

67.37
68.21
68.50
74.30
75.01

69.70
71.46
72.32
76.18
76.33

70.86
72.22
73.44
75.44
76.14

71.80
71.86
73.21
76.36
76.17

69.49
69.70
72.67
75.26
74.26

71.69
70.45
73.80
77.98
75.43

1961
1962
1963

76.40
79.37

72.20
75.66
79.00

72.38
77.59
79.19

73.14
78.76
79.19

73.14
78.76
78.01

73.53
78.78
79.60

76.02
79.95

75.62
78.59

78.12
80.54

79.52
81.54

80.32
81.76

80.12
80.16

81.32
81.58

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

68

Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES - SIC 25— CONTINUED
PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.097
1.192
1.234
1.282

1.047
1.158
1.227
1.244

1.056
1.161
1.231
1.254

1.064
1.165
1.234
1.251

1.069
1.170
1.230
1.251

1.080
1.175
1.236
1.250

1.091
1.184
1.240
1.256

1.084
1.190
1.240
1.269

1.096
1.198
1.230
1.282

1.125
1.221
1.237
1.301

1.139
1.224
1.233
1.321

1.146
1.229
1.231
1.335

1.153
1.232
1.244
1.342

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.39
1.47
1.54
1.57
1.62

1.35
1.43
1.51
1.56
1.58

1.37
1.44
1.51
1.55
1.59

1.38
1.46
1.53
1.56
1.59

1.38
1.46
1.53
1.56
1.60

1.39
1.45
1.53
1.56
1.60

1.38
1.46
1.53
1.57
1.61

1.39
1.44
1.53
1.57
1.60

1.40
1.45
1.54
1.57
1.63

1.41
1.48
1.55
1.58
1.65

1.41
1.49
1.56
1.58
1.65

1.42
1.50
1.56
1.58
1.65

1.43
1.51
1.57
1.59
1.65

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.69
1.75
1.78
1.83
1.88

1.65
1.72
1.76
1.81
1.86

1.66
1.73
1.77
1.80
1.86

1.68
1.74
1.77
1.81
1.88

1.68
1.73
1.77
1.82
1.87

1.68
1.74
1.77
1.82
1.87

1.69
1.75
1.78
1.84
1.88

1.68
1.74
1.77
1.83
1.88

1.70
1.76
1.79
1.84
1.88

1.72
1.77
1.80
1.84
1.88

1.73
1.77
1.79
1.84
1.89

1.72
1.76
1.79
1.84
1.88

1.74
1.77
1.80
1.87
1.90

1961
1962
1963

1.91
1.95

1.89
1.94
1.97

1.88
1.93
1.97

1.89
1.94
1.97

1.89
1.94
1.96

1.90
1.95
1.98

1.91
1.95

1.90
1.95

1.91
1.95

1.93
1.96

1.94
1.97

1.94
1.96

1.95
1.98

PRODUCTION-WORKER , VERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
A
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.5
41.0
40.0
41.8

41.8
42.0
39.3
41.0

41.7
41.7
39.7
41.6

41.4
41.6
39.5
41.6

41.1
40.7
38.6
41.2

41.2
40.6
38.4
41.1

41.4
40.5
38.9
41.7

40.6
40.0
38.5
40.9

40.9
40.5
40.3
42.7

41.3
40.6
40.9
42.5

42.2
41.5
41.6
42.5

41.9
40.6
41.1
42.5

42.7
41.1
42.1
42.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.1
41.4
40.9
40.0
41.4

41.5
41.3
41.3
39.5
40.4

42.0
41.3
41.4
40.0
41.2

42.1
41.1
41.6
40.0
41.2

40.9
40.4
41.2
39.0
40-2

40.2
40.7
40.9
38.7
40.6

40.2
40.9
40.9
39.5
41.5

39.5
40.3
39.8
39.3
40.5

40.5
41.3
40.8
40.5
41.9

41.1
42.0
40.4
40.7
42.2

41.3
42.4
41.0
41.0
42.3

41.1
42.0
40.6
40.8
41.9

42.0
42.8
40.5
41.3
42.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.7
39.9
39.3
40.7
40.0

40.7
39.7
38.4
40.0
40.2

41.0
40.1
38.2
40.2
40.1

40.9
40.1
38.4
40.2
39.2

40.0
39.6
37.7
39.9
39.8

39.7
39.1
37.7
40.0
39.9

40.2
39.6
38.7
40.6
40.1

40.1
39.2
38.7
40.6
39.9

41.0
40.6
40.4
41.4
40.6

41.2
40.8
40.8
41.0
40.5

41.5
40.6
40.9
41.5
40.3

40.4
39.6
40.6
40.9
39.5

41.2
39. &
41.0
41.7
39.7

1961
1962
1963

40.0
40.7

38.2
39.0
40.1

38.5
40.2
40.2

38.7
40.6
40.2

38.7
40.6
39.8

38.7
40.4
40.2

39.8
41.0

39.8
40.3

40.9
41.3

41.2
41.6

41.4
41.5

41.3
40.9

41.7
41.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.3
1.9
2.0
2.8
2.5

2.4
1.9
1.3
2.4
2.6

2.4
1.8
1.6
2.4
2.5

2.3
1.8
1.3
2.4
2.4

2.0
1.6
1.4
2.2
2.3

2.0
1.5
1.4
2.3
2.4

2.0
1.9
1.8
2.6
2.4

2.0
1.8
1.7
2.7
2.3

2.4
2.1
2.3
3.2
2.7

2.6
2.2
2.7
3.1
2.8

2.6
2.1
2.8
3.4
2.6

2.2
1.8
2.6
3.1
2.2

2.4
1.9
2.9
3.4
2.3

1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.9

1.6
2.3
2.5

1.4
2.5
2.5

1.6
2.7
2.6

1.7
2.7
2.2

1.6
2.5
2.5

2.1
3.1

2.2
2.7

2.8
3.2

3.3
3.5

3.4
3.3

3.2
3.0

3.5
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
4.5
3.9
4.1
4.5

3.0
4.2
4.3
3.1
4.7
4.1

3.2
4.0
3.9
3.0
4.5
3.9

2.9
4.6
3.8
3.5
4.5
3.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
5.0
3.1
4.3
4.2
4.1
5.1
5.3
3.9
4.1
4.2
4.4
3.6
3.7
4.5
5.3
5.1
4. 6
4.7
5.2
4.5
4.4

5.8
6.0
5.7
5.9
6.0

5.1
5.9
4.4
5.1
5.0

4.2
4.6
3.4
4.9
4.3

3.3
3.5
2.5
3.7
3.3

2.5
3.0
2.1
2.9
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.4
2.8
2.8
3.5

1.3
2.5
2.9
1.5
3.2
2.7

1.3
2.8
2.8
1.4
3.0
2.7

1.5
3.1
2.7
2.0
3.5
2.7

NEW HIRES
1.4
2.7
2.7
1.8
3.4
3.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
2.2
3.0
3.0
4.5
3.8
2.9
3.1
3.2
2.3
2.9
3.6
4.1
4.2
3.9
3.5

3.8
5.0
4.5
4.5
4.9

3.7
5.0
3.5
4.2
4.3

2.9
3.9
2.4
3.9
3.5

2.1
2.6
1.7
3.0
2.5

1.5
1.8
1.1
1.9
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
4.4
4.6
4.3
4.6

5.3
4.0
4.2
5.1
4.1
4.5

3.4
3.7
4.3
4.0
3.9
3.9

4.6
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.9
4.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.1
4.4
3.5
3.5
4.0
3.8
4.4
3.9
4. 6
3.9
4.4
4.4
3.5
4.3
3.3
4.3
4.2
4.7
4.6
5.2
4.5
4.4

3.8
5.2
4.7
4.6
5.7

4.2
5.6
5.2
4.9
5.2

4.1
5.4
5.0
4.7
4.6

3.8
4.3
4.9
4.3
4.3

4.1
4.0
4.8
3.9
3.7




EMPLOYMENT AN D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A pril

M ay

June

July

August

September

69

October

November

December

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES - SIC 25— CONTINUED

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.9
1.7
1.5
2.1

1.1
1.4
1.7
1.0
1.5
1.7

.9
1.4
1.5
.8
1.7
1.5

1.0
1.8
1.5
1.1
2.0
1.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.4
1.9
1.9
1.8
2.1
1.9
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.6
2.2
2.5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.2

2.0
2.7
2.3
2.3
3.1

2.1
3.2
2.6
2.5
3.0

1.7
2.2
1.7
1.9
2.1

1.2
1.5
1.1
1.5
1.6

1.0
1.2
.9
1.2
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
1.8
2.1
2.1
1.8

3.7
2.0
1.9
3.4
2.0
2.1

2.2
1.7
2.1
2.5
1.6
1.7

3.2
1.7
2.0
2.5
2.2
1.8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
3.6
1.9
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.9
1.5
1.7
2.3
2.2
1.4
1.3
1.8
2.2
1.5
1.3

1.2
1.4
1.6
1.7
1.7

1.5
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.4

1.9
2.5
2.6
1.9
1.7

2.1
2.1
3.2
2.0
2.1

2.7
2.2
3.3
2.1
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
4.1
4.2
2.9
4.8
4.0

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
3.0
5.1
4.3
5.4
3.9
4.2
3.6
5.3
4.7
5.2
4.4

4.2
4.6
3.4
4.9
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.2
4.1
4.1
5.0
4.1
4.5

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
5.2
3.4
4.0
4.4
4.6
4.3
3.5
4.3
4.3
5.2
4.6

4.0
5.3
5.1
4.7
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.4
1.7
1.0
1.6
1.7

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.9
1.3
1.9
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.2
1.5
2.3
2.3
2.3

1.6
2.2
1.7
1.9
2.2

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
4.8
4.9
4.2
4.4
4.3

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.7
4.5
3.7
4.6
3.9
4.0
4.0
5.2
4.4
5.0
4.2

4.2
4.7
3.5
5.2
4.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.0
3.5
4.7
5.5
4.3
4.8

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
4.8
4.2
4.0
4.6
4.2
5.0
3.7
4.6
3.8
5.2
3.6

4.2
6.0
4.4
4.6
3.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.4
1.7
1.3
1.3
1.6

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.6
1.2
2.0
2.0
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.2
1.7
1.8
1.7

2.1
2.2
1.6
1.8
1.9

HOUSEHOLDl FURNITURE - SIC: 251
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

243.9
250.3
228.7
271.4

239.6
263.9
233.1
250.7

244.0
265.2
230.0
258.3

243.7
260.4
226.7
261.5

238.8
251.1
223.2
263.6

235.9
243.0
215.4
263.7

236.8
241.3
213.4
265.4

231.6
238.7
212.2
265.4

241.3
243.8
221.3
279.6

245.3
249.0
233.9
286.7

251.6
251.9
242.0
288.9

257.6
250.8
243.9
288.8

260.6
244.6
248.8
284.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

257.1
257.1
267.0
243.7
259.2

281.2
252.8
275.2
244.2
247.2

283.8
252.1
278.1
244.7
250.8

284.1
251.6
279.8
245.2
252.5

274.2
248.9
275.9
239.7
251.7

256.6
246.4
270.0
233.6
250.5

243.2
246.5
265.1
231.2
253.5

238.8
248.0
262.5
231.6
251.1

237.9
256.4
262.9
243.4
263.2

238.3
263.4
262.9
251.1
269.2

243.4
269.4
261.4
254.2
272.9

250.7
274.3
258.7
254.5
274.4

252.6
275.0
251.1
251.2
273.6




70

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE - SIC 251— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

267.1
267.6
260.3
277.8
271.9

271.9
263.0
265.1
272.4
278.5

272.6
265.0
260.4
274.7
277.2

269.0
265.3
255.7
274.2
276.0

265.0
265.5
250.5
274.5
275.7

261.0
261.4
249.0
274.0
272.4

260.7
264.1
250.5
275.9
271.9

257.9
262.6
251.9
275.3
265.8

265.2
270.9
260.5
279.5
272.5

270.3
273.5
268.1
282.8
272.3

272.5
274.8
273.1
284.5
273.2

269.8
274.3
271.5
283.2
268.8

268.9
271.2
267.6
282.0
258.9

1961
1962
1963

262.0
276.0

252.2
269.0
276.7

254.0
270.7
277.3

254.0
272.4
278.6

256.7
274.1
278.9

254.6
273.9
278.0

257.7
274.4

257.5
271.7

265.6
278.8

270.9
281.7

274.2
283.1

273.0
282.1

273.2
279.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

40.9

42.4

42.2

48.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

47.8
46.5
53.9
45.9
45.7

48.3
46.0
53.8
44.3
46.1

42.7
45.9
50.4
42.6
44.9

44.3
50.1
50.2
47.0
49.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

50.0
49.2
48.0
48.5
49.7

49.1
49.3

49.5
48.9

48.8
51.2
45.7
49.7
49.4

50.0
48.7

50.3
48.4

47.7
49.4
44.8
49.8
46.9

50.2
48.2

51.2
48.8

51.0
50.6
48.6
51.8
49.0

51.6
48.1

50.8
45.9

44.1
48.4
49.5

45.6
48.6
49.8

45.6
49.5
50.5

46.5
50.1
50.5

46.2
49.9
50.6

46.7
49.4

46.6
49.5

48.2
50.1

49.2
51.8

50.2
51.7

49.5
51.5

49.7
51.0

1961
1962
1963

50.2
48.4
47.3
50.1

PRODUCTION MORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

219.0
223.9
201.8
241.3

214.4
237.8
207.0
222.1

219.8
238.7
203.6
229.4

218.6
234.1
200.2
232.7

214.0
225.0
196.2
234.3

210.9
216.5
188.9
234.2

212.2
214.5
187.4
235.4

207.3
212.0
185.9
235tl

216.2
217.2
194.3
248.6

219.8
222.9
207.0
255.2

226.4
225.5
214.4
257.1

232.4
224.2
215.9
257.0

235.6
217.9
220.9
254.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

225.3
224.8
233.1
210.2
224.5

249.1
221.2
242.2
209.8
213.3

250.6
220.3
245.0
210.7
216.2

251.4
219.6
246.2
211.1
218.2

241.6
217.0
241.7
206.1
217.5

224.5
214.6
236.0
200.2
216.2

211.6
214.2
231.4
197.9
219.0

207.8
215.8
228.1
198.7
216J4

207*0
223.8
228.5
210.5
228.7

207.1
230.5
229.0
218.0
234.2

212.5
23*. 3
226.9
221.2
237.4

219.4
241.4
224.6
220.9
239.0

221.0
242.3
217.2
217.5
237.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

230.1
229.6
221.9
238.6
233.0

235.5
225.7
225.9
233.4
239.4

236.1
227.1
221.6
235.5
238.3

232.4
227.4
217.2
235.0
236.8

228*4
227.8
212.2
235.2
236.1

224.5
223.5
210.9
234.9
233.4

223.9
226.9
212.7
236.5
232.8

221.0
225*0
213.3
235.8
227.0

227.8
232.7
222.4
240.8
233.9

233.0
235.5
229.9
243.9
233.6

234.9
236.3
234.4
245.2
234.5

232.3
234.8
232.9
244.1
230.3

231.3
232.1
229.0
242.5
220.2

1961
1962
1963

223.5
235.7

214.7
229.0
236.1

216.2
231.1
236.4

215.7
232.2
238.0

218.7
234.2
238.7

216.4
233.9
237.4

219.6
234.1

219.2
231.3

227.4
238.6

231.9
240.9

234.9
242.5

233.9
241.2

233.3
239.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

43.91
46.64
46.93
51.79

42.37
47.08
45.28
49.24

42.53
46.72
46.10
50.75

42.39
46. 62
46.26
50.58

42.44
45.50
44.96
49.73

42.60
45.47
44.80
50.01

43.32
45.49
45.58
50.59

42.26
45.18
44.68
49.41

43.48
46.68
47.11
52.78

44.75
47.19
48.63
53.72

46.21
48.53
49.62
54.44

46.13
47.51
48.74
55.17

47.57
48.14
50.76
54.65

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

54.95
58.79
60.24
60.10
64.02

54.23
55.90
60.15
58.26
60.70

55.59
57.13
60.86
59.15
62.62

56.28
57.53
61.42
59.70
62.62

53.73
56.82
60.94
58.05
61.35

52.93
56.70
60.09
57.15
61.56

52.93
57.39
60.09
59.04
63.60

51.86
56.56
58.07
58.89
61.97

53.33
58.52
60.24
60.85
64.64

55.49
60.35
59.75
61.56
66.41

55.76
61.34
61.20
62.47
67.15

56. 58
61.19
60.85
62.02
66.52

57.96
62.92
60.55
63.04
66.52

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

65.61
66.47
66.42
70.82
70.45

63.99
64.62
63.79
69.14
70.40

64.87
65.84
64.01
69.49
70.40

65.53
66.23
64.34
69.89
68.50

63.52
64.85
62.83
68.85
69.70

62.88
63.86
62.83
69.03
69.92

63.92
65.57
64.90
70.12
70.05

63.52
64.91
65.23
70.41
69.52

65.93
67.80
68.28
72.10
71.10

68.15
68.54
69.94
71.93
71.51

68.48
68.95
70.45
72.98
71.33

66.66
66.70
69.94
71.51
69.74

68.23
67.66
71.04
73.99
71.06

1961
1962
1963

71.46
75.07

66.73
70.05
74.19

67.44
73.16
74.96

68.35
74.07
75.36

68.35
74.48
74.21

68.17
73.75
74.99

71.28
74.85

70.49
73.38

72.67
75.99

74.80
77.15

75.35
77.38

75.58
76. 63

77.10
78.02

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.058
1.146
1.182
1.239

1.016
1.121
1.173
1.198

1.020
1.123
1.176
1.214

1.095
1.175
1.187
1.278

1.101
1.179
1.183
1.295

1.114
1.180
1.200
1.298

PRODUCTION-MORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




1.029
1.126
1.180
1.210

1.035
1.129
1.177
1.210

1.039
1.131
1.182
1.211

1.049
.1.140
1.184
1.216

1.041
1.141
1.179
1.220

1.058
1.147
1.172
1.239

1.081
1.171
1.186
1.261

71

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yuar

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Junu

July

August

Suptumbar

October

November Dacumbur

HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE - SIC 251— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERA6E HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.35
1.42
1.48
1.51
1.55

1.31
1.37
1.46
1.49
1.51

1.33
1.39
1.47
1.49
1.52

1.34
1.41
1.48
1.50
1.52

1.33
1.41
1.49
1.50
1.53

1.34
1.40
1.48
1.50
1.52

1.34
1.41
1.48
1.51
1.54

1.34
1.40
1.47
1.51
1.53

1.34
1.41
1.48
1.51
1.55

1.36
1.43
1.49
1.52
1.57

1.36
1.44
1.50
1.52
1.58

1.38
1.45
1.51
1.52
1.58

1.39
1.47
1.51
1.53
1.58

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.62
1.67
1.69
1.74
1.77

1.58
1.64
1.67
1.72
1.76

1.59
1.65
1.68
1.72
1.76

1.61
1.66
1.68
1.73
1.77

1.60
1.65
1.68
1.73
1.76

1.60
1.65
1.68
1.73
1.77

1.61
1.66
1.69
1.74
1.76

1.60
1.66
1.69
1.73
1.76

1.62
1.67
1.69
1.75
1.76

1.65
1.68
1.71
1.75
1.77

1.65
1.69
1.71
1.75
1.77

1.65
1.68
1.71
1.74
1.77

1.66
1.70
1.72
1.77
1.79

1961
1962
1963

1.80
1.84

1.77
1.81
1.85

1.77
1.82
1.86

1.78
1.82
1.87

1.78
1.83
1.86

1.78
1.83
1.87

1.80
1.83

1.78
1.83

1.79
1.84

1.82
1.85

1.82
1.86

1.83
1.86

1.84
1.88

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.5
40.7
39.7
41.8

41.7
42.0
38.6
41.1

41.7
41.6
39.2
41.8

41.2
41.4
39.2
41.8

41.0
40.3
38.2
41.1

41.0
40.2
37.9
41.3

41.3
39.9
38.5
41.6

40.6
39.6
37.9
40.5

41.1
40.7
40.2
42.6

41.4
40.3
41.0
42.6

42.2
41.3
41.8
42.6

41.9
40.3
41.2
42.6

42.7
40.8
42.3
42.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.7
41.4
40.7
39.8
41.3

41.4
40.8
41.2
39.1
40.2

41.8
41.1
41.4
39.7
41.2

42.0
40.8
41.5
39.8
41.2

40.4
40.3
40.9
38*7
40.1

39.5
40.5
40.6
38.1
40.5

39.5
40.7
40.6
39.1
41.3

38.7
40.4
39.5
39.0
40.5

39.8
41.5
40.7
40.3
41.7

40.8
42.2
40.1
40.5
42.3

41.0
42.6
40.8
41.1
42.5

41.0
42.2
40.3
40.8
42.1

41.7
42.8
40.1
41.2
42.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.5
39.8
39.3
40.7
39.8

40.5
39.4
38.2
40.2
40.0

40.8
39.9
38.1
40.4
40.0

40.7
39.9
38.3
40.4
38.7

39.7
39.3
37.4
39.8
39.6

39.3
38.7
37.4
3$.9
39.5

39.7
39.5
38.4
40.3
39.8

39.7
39.1
38.6
40.7
39.5

40.7
40.6
40.4
41.2
40.4

41.3
40.8
40.9
41.1
40.4

41.5
40.8
41.2
41.7
40.3

40.4
39.7
40.9
41.1
39.4

41.1
39.8
41.3
41.8
39.7

1961
1962
1963

39.7
40.8

37.7
38.7
40.1

38.1
40.2
40.3

38.4
40.7
40.3

38.4
40.7
39.9

38.3
40.3
40.1

39.6
40.9

39.6
40.1

40.6
41.3

41.1
41.7

41.4
41.6

41.3
41.2

41.9
41.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
2.8
2.5
2.4
3.0

1.2
2.5
2.6
1.5
2.4
2.7

1.6
2.4
2.6
1.4
2.7
2.7

1.2
2.6
2.4
1.5
2.9
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.7
4.4
3.6
3.9
4.4

2.8
4.3
3.6
3.1
4.6
4.1

3.3
4.0
3.8
3.0
4.7
4.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
3.3
2.7
2.7
3.5

1.3
2.6
2.5
1.3
3.2
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.2
4.4
4.0
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.0
1.9
1.6
2.2




1.6
2.7
2.2
2.1
2.6

2.1
3.1
2.6
2.7
3.2

2.7
3.1
2.8
3.3
3.4

3.0
3.5
2.6
3.4
3.4

2.8
3.2
2.2
3.3
3.2

3.1
3.5
2.5
3.7
3.6

2.7
4.5
3.4
3.3
4.5
4.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
4.1
3.2
5.0
4.0
3.9
4.6
5.0
3.6
3.8
4.1
3.8
3.2
3.9
5.1
3.1
4.4
4.8
4.9
4.2
4.4
4.2

5.7
5.8
5.5
5.8
5.6

5.3
5.8
4.6
5.3
4.9

4.1
4.5
3.1
4.7
4.4

3.0
3.3
2.3
3.5
3.0

2.4
2.5
2.0
2.8
2.4

1.2
3.0
2.8
1.4
3.2
3.0

1.3
3.4
2.6
2.0
3.6
3.1

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
1.2
1.2
2.0
2.7
2.7
4.1
3.3
2.5
2.6
2.6
3.1
1.7
2.0
2.4
3.5
3.4
4.0
3.6
4.0
3.5
3.6

3.8
4.8
4.6
4.6
4.9

3.9
5.0
3.7
4.4
4.3

2.9
3.8
2.3
4.0
3.6

2.1
2.5
1.5
3.0
2.4

1.4
1.7
l.l
1.8
1.5

5.5
3.6
4.2
5.0
4.2
4.5

3.4
3.4
4.1
3.6
3.8
3.6

4.6
4.4
4.3
3.5
4.4
4.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.3
3.6
4.7
3.4
4.3
3.7
4.1
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.1
4.4
3.6
4.2
3.2
4.1
5.1
4.5
4.2
5.3
4.7
4.5

3.7
5.0
4.5
4.3
5.3

3.6
5.3
4.7
4.4
4.7

3.8
4.5
4.6
4.4
3.9

3.6
3.7
4.7
4.0
3.9

4.3
4.1
4.6
3.7
3.5

1.2
1.5
1.8
1.1
1.6
1.9

•9
1.5
1.6
•9
1.8
1.7

1.1
2.0
1.7
1.3
2.2
2.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.5
2.1
2.0
1.8
2.3
2.0
2.1
1.8
2.0
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.7
2.3
2.7
2.1
2.4
2.5
2.6

2.1
2.8
2.5
2.4
3.2

2.2
3.2
2.8
2.7
2.9

1.8
2.3
1.8
2.0
2.3

1.3
1.6
1.2
1.6
1.7

1 .0
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.2

1.3
2.3
2.4
1.7
2.9
2.4

1.4
2.3
2.4
1.6
2.6
2.6

1.7
2.6
2.4
2.1
3.1

72

EMPLOYMENT A N D EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber

December

HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE - SIC 251— CONTINUED
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
1.5
1.9
1.8
1.5

3.7
1.4
1.8
3.2
1.9
1.9

2.1
1.3
1.8
2.1
1.3
1.2

2.9
1.7
2.0
1.7
1.5
1.3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
3.1
1.9
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.7
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.8
1.4
2.2
1.9
1.4
1.2
1.7
2.1
1.3
1.1

.9
1.0
1.3
1.3
1.2

•8
1.3
1.2
.9
1.0

1.4
1.4
2.0
1.5
.9

1.7
1.5
2.9
1.7
1.5

2.7
2.3
3.0
2.0
1.7

131.9
141.2
140.5
135.8
144.9

135.4
143.8
140.5
137.9
146.0

137.5
144.3
140.4
139.1
146.8

136.8
144.8
138.2
139.5
147.1

136.3
143.5
130.6
139.7
146.4

20.2
19.3
18.8
20.4

20.9
19.7
19.3
20.9

19.5
21.0
19.6
19.5
21.1

20.8
19.2
19.6
21.0

20.2
17.2
19.5
2C.6

116.7
125.4
124.6
120.3
128.9

120.0
128.2
124.5
122.2
129.9

121.8
128.5
124.4
123.4
130.7

121.2
128.9
122.3
123.8
131.0

120.9
127.7
115.4
123.8
130.2

WOOD HOUSE FURNITURE, UNUPHOLSTERED - SIC 2511
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

130.2
139.4
138.2
132.8
142.0

134.2
136.0
141.4
127.7
138.0
144.8

129.6
136.1
139.0
128.3
137.5
144.0

124.3
134.8
137.6
127.3
137.8
144.3

122.3
134.6
138.0
128.9
138.9
145.2

123.5
136.3
136.9
128.0
139.6
144.5

124.6
137.7
138.9
130.6
141.7

126.5
139.5
136.3
130.3
139.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES ■ IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

19.7
18.9
18.1
19.7

18.8
18.9
19.4
16.6
18.6
19.7

18.9
18.8
17.1
18.0
19.3

18.7
18.3
16.8
18.5
19.4

17.0
18.4
18.7
17.3
18.7
19.6

19.2
18.7
17.3
19.2
19.9

19.8
18.9
17.7
19.6

17.6
19.8
18.6
17.7
19.5

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

114.9
123.6
122.4
117.2
126.1

118.6
120.6
125.7
112.6
122.3
128.5

114.1
120.5
123.3
112.7
121.9
127.7

109.0
119.0
121.8
111.8
122.0
128.0

107*0
118.8
122.0
113.5
123.2
129.2

108.2
120.5
121.3
112.3
123.9
128.2

109.7
121.7
123.0
115.0
125.6

111.1
123.5
120.2
114.6
123.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.62
44.31
44.11
48.90

40.25
44.92
43.49
46.55

40.48
44.35
43.67
47.22

40.42
44.56
43.64
47.72

40.39
43.60
42.07
46.90

40.91
43.60
41.93
47.67

41.46
43.07
42.48
48.03

40.68
42.82
41.44
46.93

41.06
44.08
43.62
49.71

42.21
44.27
44.63
50.52

43.37
45.69
46.63
51.94

43.37
44.98
47.08
52.13

44.82
46.11
47.59
51.40

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

51.13
54.10
55.90
55.20
58.94

51.41
52.48
55.21
54.25
56.85

52.88
53.02
55.76
54.80
57.55

52.50
52.79
56.99
55.20
57.69

51.25
52.26
56.44
53.54
56.02

50.13
52.52
56.44
53.13
57.13

49.75
52.65
56.31
54.91
58.38

47.74
52.37
55.08
53.54
57.13

50.25
54.47
56.58
55.48
59.08

51.69
55.84
55.06
55.74
59.78

52.20
56.39
56.71
57.13
61.49

52.35
56.26
56.02
57.13
61.20

53.41
57.38
55.34
57.96
61.06

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

59.86
60.40
60.44
65.73
65.12

59.49
59.45
58.44
63.86
65.67

58.93
59.60
56.93
63.55
64.87

60.30
60.00
58.14
63.96
62.56

59.28
59.40
57.30
64.06
65.60

58.98
59.19
56.93
64.06
66.01

58.25
59.80
58.45
64.94
65.85

58.44
58.80
58.37
65.31
64.16

59.71
62.02
61.97
66.04
66.17

61.27
62.32
63.29
65.57
65.76

62.43
63.04
64.22
67.89
66.49

60.79
61.10
64.06
67.42
64.48

62.10
61.05
64.64
68.32
65.37

1961
1962
1963

66.18
70.56

62.63
65.84
71.23

62.24
68.39
71.06

63.34
69.47
71.14

63.67
69.97
70.04

63.67
70.39
71.72

65.69
71.06

64.72
69.22

67.32
71.74

69.39
72.16

69.89
73.10

70.47
72.08

71.14
72.68

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.003
1.086
1.114
1.167

•963
1.062
1.115
1.127

• 966
1.061
1.114
1.135

.974
1.066
1.119
1.139

.985
1.074
1.113
1.141

.993
1.074
1.118
1.146

.999
1.085
1.118
1.149

.997
1.084
1.111
1.153

1.004
1.083
1.096
1.167

1.022
1.104
1.102
1.186

1.035
1.109
1.113
1.208

1.040
1.119
1.121
1.218

1.052
1.122
1.125
1.221

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.25
1.31
1.37
1.38
1.41

1.23
1.28
1.34
1.37
1.39

1.25
1.29
1.35
1.37
1.39

1.25
1.31
1.37
1.38
1.39

1.25
1.30
1.38
1.38
1.39

1.25
1.30
1.37
1.38
1.39

1.25
1.30
1.37
1.39
1.40

1.24
1.29
1.36
1.38
1.39

1.25
1.30
1.38
1.38
1.41

1.27
1.32
1.38
1.39
1.42

1.27
1.33
1.39
1.39
1.43

1.28
1.33
1.39
1.39
1.43

1.29
1.35
1.38
1.40
1.43

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.46
1.51
1.53
1.58
1.60

1.43
1.49
1.51
1.55
1.59

1.42
1.49
1.51
1.55
1.59

1.46
1.50
1.51
1.56
1.60

1.46
1.50
1.52
1.57
1.60

1.46
1.51
1.51
1.57
1.61

1.46
1.51
1.53
1.58
1.61

1.45
1.50
1.52
1.57
1.60

1.46
1.52
1.53
1.58
1.61

1.48
1.52
1.54
1.58
1.60

1.49
1.53
1.54
1.59
1.61

1.49
1.52
1.54
1.59
1.60

1.50
1.53
1.55
1.60
1.61

1961
1962
1963

1.63
1.68

1.61
1.65
1.70

1.60
1.66
1.70

1.62
1.67
1.71

1.62
1.67
1.70

1.62
1.68
1.72

1.63
1.68

1.61
1.66

1.63
1.68

1.66
1.69

1.66
1.70

1.67
1.70

1.67
1.71




73

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A pril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September , October

November

December

HOOD HOUSE FURNITURE, UNUPHOLSTERED - SIC 2511— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.5
40.8
39.6
41.9

41.8
42.3
39.0
41.3

41.9
41.8
39.2
41.6

41.5
41.8
39.0
41.9

41.0
40.6
37.8
41.1

41.2
40.6
37.5
41.6

41.5
39.7
38.0
41.8

40.8
39.5
37.3
40.7

40.9
40.7
39.8
42.6

41.3
40.1
40.5
42.6

41.9
41.2
41.9
43.0

41.7
40.2
42.0
42.8

42.6
41.1
42.3
42.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.9
41.3
40.8
40.0
41.8

41.8
41.0
41.2
39.6
40.9

42.3
41.1
41.3
40.0
41.4

42.0
40.3
41.6
40.0
41.5

41.0
40.2
40.9
38.8
40.3

40.1
40.4
41.2
38.5
41.1

39.8
40.5
41.1
39.5
41.7

38.5
40.6
40.5
38.8
41.1

40.2
41.9
41.0
40.2
41.9

40.7
42.3
39.9
40.1
42.1

41.1
42.4
40.8
41.1
43.0

40.9
42.3
40.3
41.1
42.8

41.4
42.5
40.1
41.4
42.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.0
40.0
39.5
41.6
40.7

41.6
39.9
38.7
41.2
41.3

41.5
40.0
37.7
41.0
40.8

41.3
40.0
38.5
41.0
39.1

40.6
39.6
37.7
40.8
41.0

40.4
39.2
37.7
40.8
41.0

39.9
39.6
38.2
41.1
40.9

40.3
39.2
38.4
41.6
40.1

40.9
40.8
40.5
41.8
41.1

41.4
41.0
41.1
41.5
41.1

41.9
41.2
41.7
42.7
41.3

40.8
40.2
41.6
42.4
40.3

41.4
39.9
41.7
42.7
40.6

1961
1962
1963

40.6
42.0

38.9
39.9
41.9

38.9
41.2
41.8

39.1
41.6
41.6

39.3
41.9
41.2

39.3
41.9
41.7

40.3
42.3

40.2
41.7

41.3
42.7

41.8
42.7

42.1
43.0

42.2
42.4

42.6
42.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
4.5
3.8
3.7
4.4

3.1
4.3
3.8
2.9
4.7
3.8

3.1
3.3
3.4
2.4
4.6
3.6

3.0
3.7
3.3
2.5
4.1
3.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
3.5
4.5
5.5
4.8
4.9
4.5
5.1
4.1
4.7
4.4
4.0
2.6
3.8
3.3
5.0
4.4
4.9
5.4
5.2
4.5
4.7

6.0
6.1
6.2
6.1
5.6

5.3
5.9
4.6
5.4
4.9

4.2
4.9
3.3
4.4
4.2

3.2
3.5
2.2
3.5
3.2

2.6
2.7
1.8
2.4
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.4
2.9
2.7
3.6

1.3
2.7
2.7
1.4
3.5
2.9

1.0

2.3
2.4
1.1
3.1
2.6

1.3
2.7
2.4
1.5
3.2
2.6

NEW HIRES
1.4
2.9
2.5
1.6
3.5
3.6

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
1.5
3.1
3.6
3.1
4.2
3.3
3.2
3.3
2.3
2.4
3.3
4.6
4.2
4.4
4.2

4.1
5.0
5.4
4.8
5.0

4.0
5.2
3.8
4.6
4.4

3.0
4.1
2.5
3.9
3.6

2.2
2.7
1.7
3.1
2.7

1.6
2.0
1.2
1.8
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
4.3
4.4
3.7
4.2

6.3
3.6
4.8
5.0
4.2
4.4

4.0
3.4
4.3
3.5
4.1
3.4

4.7
4.4
4.6
3.5
3.8
3.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
3.6
3.0
4.7
4.0
4.3
3.6
4.3
4.7
4.8
3.8
3.8
3.3
3.0
3.6
3.8
4.3
4.8
4.1
4.7
4*4
4.4

4.0
5.6
4.2
4.2
5.2

3.8
5.7
5.0
4.3
4.7

3.9
4.3
4.3
3.9
3.8

3.4
3.7
4.6
3.8
3.4

3.8
4.7
4.2
3.0
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.1
2.0
1.7
2.4

1.2
1.6
1.9
1.2
1.8
1.9

.9
1.4
1.6
.9
1.9
1.7

1.0

2.5
3.0
2.8
2.5
3.5

2.5
3.4
3.1
2.9
3.3

2.0
2.5
2.1
2.2
2.3

1.4
1.6
1.2
1.7
1.7

1.0

1.8
1.8
1.3
2.2
2.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.6
2.0
2.0
2.4
2.1
2.3
2.0
2.4
2.2
1.4
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.6
2.9
2.5
2.8
2.8
2.8

1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
1.4
1.7
1.5
1.0

4.6
1.4
2.2
3.2
1.8
1.7

2.7
1.4
2.0
2.0
1.5
.9

3.2
2.0
2.1
1.6
.9
.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.3
2.9
1.8
.9
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.1
1.7
1.7
1.0
.9
1.3
1.6
1.0
1.3
1.0
.7
•8
1.1
.8
.7

.9

•6
1.4
1.1
.7
.6

1.3

•6
.9
.7

1.4
.7

1.3
1.4
2.8
1.5
1.1

2.4
2.8
2.7
1.3
1.4

62.5
67.4
66.9
64.9
67.8

64.8
67.9
66.9
66.5
68.9

66.7
69.3
68.1
67.6
69.4

67.7
70.0
68.0
68.5
69.7

68.2
69.9
66.7
68.9
69.5

14.2
14.4
14.4
14.9

14.3
14.6
14.5
15.4

14.1
14.8
14.7
15.0
15.5

14.9
14.6
15.0
15.6

14.8
14.3
15.2
15.6

1.0

1.0
1.0

1.3
1.2
1.3

WOOD HOUSE FURNITURE, UPHOLSTERED - SIC 2512
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

63.0
67.7
67.4
65.0
67.9

62.7
67.2
68.7
64.1
66.6
67.8

61.9
67.6
68.8
64.0
67.5
67.9

62.5
67.6
68.7
63.9
67.9
68.4

60.7
67.5
68.1
63.4
67.9
68.1

59.0
66.3
66.3
62.1
67.0
67.4

59.3
66.2
66.0
62.6
66.7

59.7
65.6
65.4
63.0
66.1

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

14.4
14.4
14.2
15.1




13.2
14.2
14.6
13.7
14.9
15.2

14.4
14.6
13.9
14.9
15.1

14.4
14.6
13.9
15.2
15.2

12.7
14.4
14.6
13.8
15.3
15.2

14.2
14.2
13.6
14.8
15.0

14.1
14.1
13.7
14.8

12.6
14.0
14.0
13.7
14.7

74

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year
WOOD

HOUSE

January

FURNITURE*

February

March

UPHOLSTERED

-

Arl
pi

SIC

May

2512—

CONTINUED

PRODUCTION
53.3
57.9
58.8
53.9
57.1
57.3

June

WORKERS

-

J
uly

August

53.7
58.0
57.5
55.0
57.0

53.3
57.4
58.7
54.3
56.2
56.8

52.8
57.8
59.0
54.4
56.9
56.8

1947
1948
1949
1950

47.47
50.61
50.45
56.64

44.35
51.50
47.21
53.06

45.68
51.00
47.69
55.24

45.53
50.13
48.23
54.89

45.78
48.44
48.08
54.70

45.70
48.36
46.79
54.70

46.68
49.50
47.65
54.82

43.28
47.98
47.12
53.15

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

58.51
65.00
65.85
64.85
69.60

57.46
59.40
65.28
60.47
62.81

59.45
62.83
66.49
63.80
68.54

60.30
63.86
67.39
63.96
69.29

56.12
63.02
66.67
62.54
67.09

54.17
62.22
64.87
58.84
66.19

55.57
63.96
64.94
61.50
68.68

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

72.22
72.89
72.19
75.65
75.08

68.46
68.96
68.08
72.96
73.72

72.14
73.26
70.49
74.47
76.44

72.72
74.37
70.13
75.62
75.26

70.74
72.31
67.15
72.39
74.11

68.20
67.89
65.10
72.39
71.22

1961
1962
1963

76.81
79.78

69.58
74.03
76.67

72.32
78.60
79.72

73.11
80.40
80.91

72.86
79.99
79.46

70.92
77.95
78.62

PRODUCTION-WORKER

PRODUCTION-WORKER

50.1
56.6
56.5
52.4
56.1
56.5
AVERAGE

AVERAGE

October

November

December

IN T H O U S A N D S

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

51.6
57.7
58.1
53.5
57.2
57.1

September

50.3
56.6
56.1
52.8
55.8

55.5
58.3
56.9
56.2
57.7

57.2
59.6
57.9
57.3
58.3

58.1
60.2
58.0
58.1
58.5

58.6
60.2
56.5
58.4
58.4

46.32
50.39
50.10
56.95

48.16
51.39
52.35
58.91

51.12
53.23
54.12
60.83

52.11
53.25
55.82
60.99

53.00
52.11
57.98
60.77

54.90
60.98
61.94
62.48
64.85

55.83
64.43
64.24
65.67
70.79

58.69
67.26
65.76
67.89
72.83

60.68
68.80
67.65
69.31
74.45

61.80
69.34
66.99
69.55
74.69

65.76
72.00
69.22
71.40
75.47

69.12
71.39
68.44
74.11
73.14

66.93
68.60
68.82
72.95
72.95

71.46
73.20
73.87
75.64
75.27

75.21
75.92
76.36
77.39
76.14

76.36
75.92
77.90
78.76
76.83

75.03
74.43
78.12
78.18
76.43

78.35
77.36
80.29
82.17
79.40

74.66
76,96

74.30
74.54

77.42
79.17

80.40
82.21

82.41
83.02

83.63
83.63

86.50
87.78

WEEKLY

HOURLY

50.6
56.1
55.8
53.2
55.3

EARNINGS

53.2
58.0
57.1
54.9
56.9

-

EARNINGS

-

IN

IN

DOLLARS

DOLLARS

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.175
1.262
1.297
1.368

1.120
1.247
1.290
1.320

1.128
1.253
1.282
1.331

1.141
1.250
1.286
1.342

1.159
1.239
1.289
1.344

14 1 5 7
1*256
1.282
1.344

1*167
1.266
1.281
1.347

1.139
1.256
14284
1.332

1.161
1.263
1.278
1.356

1.198
1.288
1.299
1.386

1.220
1.292
1.304
1.418

1.229
1.302
1.326
1.435

1.247
1.306
1.339
1.440

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.47
1.57
1.63
1.65
1.71

1.44
1.50
1.60
1.63
1.64

1.45
1.54
1.61
1.64
1.68

1.46
1.55
1.62
1.64
1.69

1.45
1.56
1.63
1.65
1.69

1.46
1.54
1.63
1.63
1.68

1.47
1.56
1.64
1.64
1.70

1.46
1.54
1.63
1.64
1.68

1.45
1.56
1.61
1.65
1.71

1.46
1.59
1.64
1.66
1.73

1.48
1.60
1.65
1.67
1.76

1.50
1.62
1.65
1.68
1.77

1.54
1.64
1.68
1.70
1.78

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.81
1.85
1.88
1.92
1.95

1.76
1.81
1.86
1.90
1.94

1.79
1.85
1.86
1.89
1.95

1.80
1.85
1.87
1.90
1.96

1.80
1.84
1.86
1.90
1.94

1.79
1.82
1.86
1.90
1.93

1.80
1.84
1.87
1.92
1.94

1.78
1.81
1.66
1.89
1.93

1.80
1.83
1.87
1.91
1.94

1.83
1.87
1.89
1.93
1.94

1.84
1.87
1.90
1.94
1.96

1.83
1.87
1.91
1.94
1.98

1.87
1.91
1.93
1.98
2.01

1961
1962
1963

1.99
2.03

1.96
1.99
2^05

1.96
2.00
2.06

1.96
2.01
2.08

1.98
2.02
2.08

1.97
2.03
2.08

1.97
2.02

1.95
2.02

1.97
2.03

2.00
2.05

2.01
2.06

2.02
2.07

2.04
2.11

1947
1948
1949
1950

40.4
40.1
38.9
41.4

39.6
41.3
36.6
40.2

40.5
40.7
37.2
41.5

39.9
40.1
37.5
40.9

39.5
39.1
37.3
40.7

39.5
38.5
36.5
40.7

40.0
39.1
37.2
40.7

38.0
38.2
36.7
39.9

39.9
39.9
39.2
42.0

40.2
39.9
40.3
42.5

41.9
41.2
41.5
42.9

42.4
40.9
42.1
42.5

42.5
39.9
43.3
42.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.8
41.4
40.4
39.3
40.7

39.9
39.6
40.8
37.1
38.3

41.0
40.8
41.3
38.9
40.8

41.3
41.2
41.6
39.0
41.0

38.7
40.4
40.9
37.9
39.7

37.1
40.4
39.8
36.1
39.4

37.8
41.0
39.6
37.5
40.4

37.6
39.6
38.0
38.1
38.6

38.5
41.3
39.9
39.8
41.4

40.2
42.3
40.1
40.9
42.1

41.0
43.0
41.0
41.5
42.3

41.2
42.8
40.6
41.4
42.2

42.7
43.9
41.2
42.0
42.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.9
39.4
38.4
39.4
38.5

38.9
38.1
36.6
38.4
38.0

40.3
39.6
37.9
39.4
39.2

40.4
40.2
37.5
39.8
38.4

39.3
39.3
36.1
38.1
38.2

38.1
37.3
35.0
38.1
36.9

38.4
38.8
36.6
38.6
37.7

37.6
37.9
37.0
38.6
37.8

39.7
40.0
39*5
39.6
38.8

41.1
40.6
40.4
40.1
39.3

41.5
40.6
41.0
40.6
39.2

41.0
39.8
40.9
40.3
38.6

41.9
40.5
41.6
41.5
39.5

1961
1962
1963

38.6
39.3

35.5
37.2
37.4

36.9
39.3
38.7

37.3
40.0
38.9

36.8
39.6
38.2

36.0
38.4
37.8

37.9
38.1

38.1
36.9

39.3
39.0

40.2
40.1

41.0
40.3

41.4
40.4

42.4
41.6

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.9
3.1
3.6
3.4

1.9
3.3
3.1
2.1
3.0
3.1

2.5
3.6
3.6
3.1
3.5
3.6

1.9
3.6
3.0
3.2
3.6
3.3

EMPLOYEES
2.5
4.4
3.2
5.2
2.8
3.6
3.6
5.0
4.1
2.2

5.7
5.7
4.8
5.2
5.5

5.8
6.4
4.4
5.0
4.6

4.4
4.7
2.8
5.0
4.3

3.0
3.3
2.2
3.6
2.5

2.0
1.7
1.9
2.0
1.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER




ACCESSIONS
1.5
3.3
2.4
2.9
3.0
3.6

AVERAGE

PER
1.9
2.6
2.2
2.3
3.0
2.7

100

WEEKLY

HOURS

75

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year
HOOD

HOUSE

January

FURNITUREt

February

March

UPHOLSTERED

-

Arl
pi

SIC

May

2512—

CONTINUED

NEW
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.2
2.5
2.7
3.0

1.2
2.5
2.4
1.2
2.5
2.5

1.5
2.9
3.0
1.7
2.8
3.0

1.4
2.9
2.6
1.9
3.2
2.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
3.9
3.7
3.5
3.6

3.8
4.0
3.7
4.7
4.3
4.5

3.0
3.3
3.7
3.8
2.8
3.5

3.2
3.2
3.5
3.3
3.7
4.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.0
1.8
1.5
2.0

1.4
1.5
2.0
1.2
1.6
2.0

1.1

1.7
1.8

1.1
1.7
1.7
1.3
2.2
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.2
1.3
1.4
•9

1.9
1.6
1.1
3.0
2.1
1.8

1.4
1.1
1.3
2.1
.5
1.2

1.5
.8
1.1
1.4
.9
1.3

MATTRESSES

AND

BEDSPRINGS

1-7
1.7

1 .0

-

SIC

2.7
2.1
1.4
2.7
3.0

35.9
36.4
36.0
33.9
34.1

37.2
37.5
38.2
32.5
34.3
33.4

36.8
37.5
37.8
32.5
33.8
33.7

OUITS
1.2
2.3
1.7
1.1
1.9
2.0

9.3
9.0
8.8
8.8

9.1
9.1
9.4
8.1
8.7
8.4

9.0
9.2
8.3
8.9
8.6

PER

LAYOFFS
3.2
2.2
1.2
1.7
.5
1.3

100

100
1.2
1.9
1.8
1.3
2.4
2.0

J
uly

September

October

November

December

EMPLOYEES
1.3
2.9
2.5
4.3
1.8
2.8
2.2
3.9
1.9
3.4

100

4.0
4.9
4.1
4.4
4.6

4.3
5.7
3.8
4.2
4.3

3.6
4.2
2.2
4.4
4.0

2.5
2.8
1.7
3.3
2.3

1.7
1.5
1.1
1.7
1.4

EMPLOYEES
2.9
3*1
3.4
4.0
2.9
3.1
2.8
3.8
2.8
3*6

3.5
4.4
3.9
3.5
4.4

3.0
4.6
3.8
3.8
3.9

2.7
3.6
3.5
3.2
3.1

2.5
3.3
3.4
2.7
3.4

3.5
3.6
4.7
3.5
2.9

1.6
2.4
2.1
1*6
2.1

2.0
2.8
2.5
2.4
3.1

1.8
3.1
2.4
2.3
2.5

1.8
2.2
1.6
1.8
2.1

1.6
1.8
1.3
1.5
1.6

1.0
1. 1
1.0
1.1
1.1

•8
•8
.5
1.7
.8

.9
.8
.7
•6
•4

.6
.7
•6
.7
.7

.4
.7
1.2
•6
•3

.5
.9
1.5
.5
1.1

1.9
1.9
3.2
1.7
1.2

37.1
39.7
35.6
35.1
35.1

37.6
39.7
35.6
35.7
35.4

37.4
39.0
35.5
35.5
35.2

36.0
38.0
33.9
34.5
33.8

32.5
38.0
33.0
33.7
33.6

9.6
8.9
9.3
8.8

9.6
9.1
9.4
9.3

9.0
9.5
9.0
9.3
9.0

9.3
8.7
9.0
8.6

9.3
8.5
8.7
8.7

29.4
31.9
28.3
28.3
27.7

30.1
31.8
28.6
28.6
27.9

29.9
31.1
28.4
28.3
27.6

28.6
30.2
26.8
27.3
26.3

25.0
30.1
25.8
26.2
26.0

EMPLOYEES
1.2
1.6
1.5
1.2
1.5

P E R 100
3.1
1.2
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.7

August

EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.3
.9
1.2
•8

2515

36.1
37.7
37.3
32.7
33.8
33.6

EMPLOYEES

34.7
37.8
37*1
33*1
33.7
33*3
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER
.7
1.9
1.8
1.5
2.6
2.2

SEPARATIONS PER
4.6
4.8
5.0
3.8
3.6
4.0
3.3
3.4
2.9
4.9
4.1
4.3

ALL
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

HIRES

1 .0

June

9.0
9.2
8.4
8.8
8.8

-

IN

34.4
38.2
36.9
33.4
33.6
33.5
EMPLOYEES

8.4
9.2
9.1
8.5
8.9
8.7

-

IN

9.1
9.0
8.7
8.8
8.8

PRODUCTION

THOUSANDS

35.4
38.6
35.6
33.7
32.3

THOUSANDS

9.3
9.0
8.9
7.8

WORKERS

-

36.1
39*0
34.9
34.4
34.3

IN

8.6
9.4
8*7
9.1
8.8

THOUSANDS

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

28.3
30.6
28.5
26.8
26.6

29.4
29.7
30.3
25.5
26.3
25.8

29.0
29.9
30.0
25.6
26.5
26.0

1947
1948
1949
1950

46.15
47.96
48.72
53.99

44.96
47.95
45.62
51.41

44.60
47.80
48.47
54.14

44.24
47.55
48.48
53.75

43.53
46.25
46.83
51.17

43.12
46.02
46.62
50.88

44.24
46.69
49.04
52.40

45.76
47.76
48.28
51.19

46.87
49.29
50.84
55.08

48.39
50.23
53.84
56.18

49.16
50.59
51.09
54.37

47.56
47.67
43.37
58.15

49.76
47.83
50.76
57.25

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

57.11
61.09
62.56
63.04
67.40

57.41
59.71
64.64
60.53
65.61

56.17
60.12
64.58
62.64
66.01

60.78
60.53
63.49
62.33
64.16

54.66
59.35
62.62
60.76
64.00

54.10
58.95
60.52
60.22
64.56

53.33
60.38
62.40
62.02
66.17

55.55
59.09
61.07
63.99
66.17

54.91
60.94
63.65
65.57
69.63

58.90
63.57
63.18
66.14
73.21

58.61
64.75
61.85
65.19
70.22

59.28
61.16
60.14
62.57
66.23

59.45
64.37
59.75
63.04
68.38

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

67.72
69.56
72.50
78.38
76.63

66.81
68.64
68.61
77.78
79.40

66.98
68.99
68.61
76.02
77.21

66.08
67.34
66.79
76.42
74.82

62.12
64.70
67.70
74.48
76.58

62.29
68.08
71.55
76.42
77.59

68.57
72.50
76.07
78.34
75.66

68.28
72.45
75.62
79.90
78.20

71.90
72.67
76.96
82.91
78.78

72.56
73.26
77.38
81.32
79.58

71.40
70.92
74.93
80.16
75.46

67.55
66.77
70.27
75.47
71.80

69.30
70.07
72.44
77.62
74.49

1961
1962
1963

76.44
79.58

73.32
75.98
79.49

72.89
77.20
78.72

71.60
76.81
78.62

74.09
76.80
78.28

74.68
75.60
79.70

77.81
81.61

78.20
82.01

79.39
84.05

80.60
85.08

79.20
81.37

75.65
77.52

79.00
80.11

28.5
30.0
29.5
25.6
26.4
26.2

27.1
30.1
29.2
26.1
26.2
25.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER




26.9
30.5
29.1
26.4
26.1
26.1
AVERAGE

27.7
30.9
28.0
26.7
25.0

WEEKLY

28.3
31.2
27*7
27.3
26.8

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

76

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

MATTRESSES

AND

January

February

BEDSPRINGS

-

SIC

March

Arl
pi

2515—

June

PRODUCTION-WORKER

May

Ju y
l

August

September

October

November

CONTINUED
AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS

-

IN

December

DOLLARS

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.112
1.190
1.221
1.304

1.073
1.161
1.210
1.257

1.080
1.163
1.221
1.289

1.087
1.174
1.218
1.286

1.067
1.171
1.210
1.273

1.070
1.171
1.214
1.272

1.095
1.173
1.220
1.278

1.100
1.188
1.210
1.283

1.124
1.208
1.222
1.296

1.144
1.228
1.258
1.325

1.154
1.225
1.234
1.326

1.146
1.216
1.185
1.378

1.160
1.217
1.241
1.363

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.41
1.49
1.56
1.58
1.64

1.38
1.46
1.57
1.56
1.62

1.38
1.47
1.56
1.57
1.61

1.42
1.48
1.56
1.57
1.60

1.37
1.48
1.55
1.57
1.60

1.38
1.47
1.54
1.56
1.61

1.34
1.48
1.56
1.57
1.61

1.41
1.47
1.55
1.58
1.61

1.39
1.49
1.56
1.58
1.65

1.44
1.51
1.56
1.59
1.66

1.44
1.52
1.55
1.59
1.68

1.46
1.51
1.55
1.58
1.66

1.45
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.68

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.71
1.77
1.84
1.94
1.97

1.70
1.76
1.82
1.93
2.01

1.70
1.76
1.82
1.91
1.99

1.69
1.74
1.81
1.92
1.99

1.67
1.73
1.82
1.90
2.01

1.67
1.75
1.83
1.92
2.01

1.71
1.79
1.86
1.92
1.94

1.69
1.78
1.84
1.93
1.95

1.72
1.79
1.85
1.96
1.95

1.74
1.80
1.86
1.95
1.96

1.75
1.80
1.85
1.96
1.93

1.75
1.79
1.83
1.95
1.93

1.75
1.82
1.82
1.96
1.95

1961
1962
1963

1.97
2.03

1.95
2.01
2.07

1.97
2.00
2.05

1.93
1.99
2.08

1.96
2.00
2.06

1.96
2.00
2.07

1.98
2.01

1.96
2.04

1.97
2.05

1.99
2.06

1.99
2.06

1.97
2.04

2.00
2.07

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

1947
1948
1949
1950

41.5
40.3
39.9
41.4

41.9
41.3
37.7
40.9

41.3
41.1
39.7
42.0

40.7
40.5
39.8
41.8

40.8
39.5
38.7
40.2

40.3
39.3
38.4
40.0

40.4
39.8
40.2
41.0

41.6
40.2
39.9
39*9

41.7
40.8
41.6
42.5

42.3
40.9
42.8
42.4

42.6
41.3
41.4
41.0

41.5
39.2
36.6
42.2

42.9
39.3
40.9
42.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.5
41.0
40.1
39.9
41.1

41.6
40.9
41.3
38.8
40.5

40.7
40.9
41.4
39.9
41.0

42.8
40.9
40.7
39.7
40.1

39.9
40.1
40.4
38.7
40.0

39.2
40.1
39.3
38.6
40.1

39.8
40.8
40.0
39.5
41.1

39.4
40.2
39.4
40.5
41.1

39.5
40.9
40.8
41.5
42.2

40.9
42.1
40.5
41.6
44.1

40.7
42.6
39.9
41.0
41.8

40.6
40.5
38.8
39.6
39.9

41.0
41.8
38.3
39.9
40.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.6
39.3
39.4
40.4
38.9

39.3
39.0
37.7
40.3
39.5

39.4
39.2
37.7
39.8
38.8

39.1
38.7
36.9
39.8
37.6

37.2
37.4
37.2
39.2
38.1

37.3
36.9
39.1
39.8
38.6

40.1
40.5
40.9
40.8
39.0

40*4
40.7
41.1
41.4
40.1

41.8
40.6
41.6
42.3
40.4

41.7
40.7
41.6
41.7
40.6

40.8
39.4
40.5
40.9
39.1

38.6
37.3
38.4
38.7
37.2

39.6
38.5
39.8
39.6
38.2

1961
1962
1963

38.8
39.2

37.6
37.8
38.4

37.0
38.6
38.4

37.1
38.6
37.8

37.8
38.4
38.0

38.1
37.8
38.5

39.3
40.6

39.9
40.2

40.3
41.0

40.5
41.3

39.8
39.5

38.4
38.0

39.5
38.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.6
3.4
3.9
4.0

2.9
3.8
3.4
3.4
4.9
5.3

2.6
3.0
2.9
2.6
3.9
3.1

2.3
4.8
2.8
3.7
3.7
3.4

EMPLOYEES
5.2
5.7
4.4
4.7
4.1
4.6
5.6
5.0
4.5
4.4

4.7
4.6
4.3
5*4
6.2

3.8
3.7
4.5
4.9
4.5

2.9
3.2
2.5
3.8
3.8

1.2
2.2
1.9
2.1
2.0

1.6
3.1
2.5
2.8
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
2.7
2.0
2.5
3.0

1.0
1.9
2.2
1.0
2.2
2.8

.7
2.1
1.8
1.0
2.7
2.3

.6
2.9
1.7
1.7
2.7
2.6

EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.3
4.2
3.8
2.4
2.7
3.1
3.9
3.5
3.7

3.4
4.0
3.1
4.5
5.0

3.2
3.5
2.9
4.1
3.8

2.2
2.6
1.7
3.4
3.2

.9
1.7
.6
1.8
1.6

.6
1.5
.5
1.5
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
3.5
4.8
4.1
4.2

4.2
2.6
3.4
4.5
3.4
3.8

2.8
2.9
4.4
3.4
3.8
3.4

5.8
3.2
4.0
3.6
4.2
4.4

SEPARATIONS
4.0
2.9
5.0
3.1
3.1
3.5

EMPLOYEES
2.6
2.4
2.9
3.2
4.1
4.2
2.3
3.5
3.0
4.4

2.7
3.6
5.0
3.8
4.6

3.5
5.0
4.8
4.4
5.1

3.8
5.6
6.5
5.8
5.3

4.4
4.4
6.9
5.9
5.1

3.1
3.3
4.8
4.8
3.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.6

.8
1.0
1.4
•6
•8
1.4

.6
1.1
1.4
.5
1.1
1.3

.4
1.2
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.8

QUITS
.7
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.6
1.7

.8
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.5

1.4
2.3
2.1
2.1
2.6

1.9
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.5

1.1
2.1
1.5
1.8
2.3

.7
1.4
1.1
1.4
1.3

.7
1.1
•6
.8
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
1.3
2.7
2.1
1.8

3.0
1.1
1.4
3.4
1.9
1.7

1.8
1.3
2.5
2.4
1.8
1.5

4.9
1.3
2.3
1.8
2.0
2.0

LAYOFFS
2.9
.9
3.1
1.2
.9
1.1

1.2
.7
2.0
1.4
2.4

•6
.5
2.1
1.1
1.2

.9
1.6
1.6
1.1
1.8

2.2
2.4
4.2
2.7
2.2

3.2
2.5
5.3
3.7
3.1

2.0
1.7
3.8
3.3
2.0

ACCESSIONS PER
3.3
2.1
3.2
2.8
3.5
3.3
3.6
4.1
4.3
4.0
4.2
3.1
PER
.9
2.6
1.9
2.1
3.3
3.4

NEW




HIRES
.7
2.1
2.3
2.0
3.4
2.5

100

100

PER
4.1
2.8
4.7
4.3
4.1
3.8

100

PER

100
.7
1.5
1.7
1.7
1.8
2.1

P E R 100
3.0
.7
2.3
2.2
1.5
1.0

EMPLOYEES
.6
1.7
1.6
1.1
1.7

EMPLOYEES
1.5
•6
1.8
•8
.7

77

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year
OFFICE

Annual
Average

January

FURNITURE

-

SIC

February

Arl
pi

March

25.2
26.6
27.8
26.6
27.8

25.8
25.9
27.0
26.6
27.4
28.3

25.5
25.8
27.3
26.0
27.4
27.2

25.2
25.8
27.8
26.0
27.4
27.0

EMPLOYEES

25.1
25.9
27.8
25.9
27.2
26.8
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.3
3.3
3.5

3.2
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.4

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.5
3.3

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.3

20. A
21.6
22.4
21.0
22.3

20.8
20.9^
21.8
21.0
21.8
22.7

20.5
20.9
22.1
20.4
21.9
21.5

20.3
21.0
22.5
20.4
22.0
21.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

78.72
86.67
90.83
90.54
92.57

77.97
83.39
90.47
87.85
93.79
94.07

76.73
83.37
90.25
87.42
91.98
92.29

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.05
2.14
2.21
2.23
2.28

2.02
2.09
2.18
2.18
2.31
2.30

2.03
2.10
2.18
2.18
2.26
2.29

76.30
83.98
90.45
87.60
92.84
93.15

2.04
2.11
2.19
2.19
2.27
2.30

38.4
40.5
41.1
40.6
40.6

38.6
39.9
41.5
40.3
40.6
40.9

37.8
39.7
41.4
40.1
40.7
40.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.4
2.4
2.0
2.1

1.4
2.2
2.8
1.8
2.3
1.9

1.0
2.2
2.6
1.8
2.0
1.9

.9
2.0
2.4
1.7
2.1
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.6
2.9
2.7
3.0

1.5
2.4
3.7
2.1
2.8
2.1

1.3
2.6
3.3
1.9
2.8
2.1

2.0
3.6
2.8
2.5
2.8
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
2.2
1.8
1.6
2.3

•4
1.3
2.1
•8
1.9
1.6

.4
1.2
2.0
1.1
1.8
1.3

.5
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.1
3.1
2.7
2.8

2.8
3.2
2.0
4.5
2.3
4.2

3.1
2.4
2.5
2.8
2.4
3.6

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
4.1
2.4

37.4
39.8
41.3
40.0
40.9
40.5

AVERAGE

75.72
85.03
89.54
87.34
92.57
92.63

AVERAGE

2.03
2.11
2.20
2.20
2.28
2.31

-

September

October

November

December

HIRES
•6
1.4
1.8
1.2
1.2
1.2

SEPARATIONS
1.9
1.9
3.8
2.7
2.3
2.1

PER
.2
1.7
2.0
1.2
2.4
1.5
PER
2.5
2.2
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.1

-

76.91
88.78
92.57
92.48
92.52

25.8
27.0
27.1
27.3
28.9

3.2
3.4
3.4
3.5

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5

3.2
3.4
3.4
3.5

3.2
3.3
3.3
3.4

21.4
22.4
23.0
21.5
21.2

21.1
22.1
22.9
21.7
21.4

21.2
21.7
22.4
21.9
23.4

21.1
21.7
21.7
21.8
23.2

EARNINGS

IN

84.45
87.72
91.43
93.34
92.57

82.37
87.74
91.65
92.34
91.17

80.91
83.03
88.40
95.04
91.77

82.14
89.86
89.24
95.04
95.40

-

IN

2.04
2.16
2.22
2.25
2.29

WEEKLY

DOLLARS

80.13
90.07
91.05
91.65
92.34

DOLLARS
2.06
2.16
2.21
2.23
2.28

2.08
2.15
2.23
2.26
2.28

2.08
2.14
2.23
2.28
2.24

2.08
2.14
2.21
2.29
2.30

2.09
2.16
2.22
2.29
2.31

38.9
41.7
41.2
41.1
40.5

40.6
40.8
41.0
41.3
40.6

39.6
41.0
41.1
40.5
40.7

38.9
38.8
40.0
41.5
39.9

39.3
41.6
40.2
41.5
41.3

HOURS

37.7
41.2
41.7
40.4
40.7

37.7
41.1
41.7
41.1
40.4

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

1.0

HOURS

2.5
2.8
2.0
2.4

2.3
3.1
2.5
2.4
2.0

1.9
2.8
2.4
2.3
2.4

2.0
2.4
2.1
2.4
2.1

1.7
2.1
1.7
2.5
1.6

2.4
2.8
1.9
2.9
2.2

10,0 E M P L O Y E E S
3.8
3.8
4.9
3.8
4.1
2.9
3.7
4.0
4.4
3.6

4.1
5.8
4.0
4.0
4.1

3.3
4.6
2.5
2.1
2.9

2.5
3.6
2.3
3.3
2.8

2.1
2.9
1.6
2.9
2.3

1.8
2.9
1.3
1.3
1.7

EMPLOYEES
1.6
1.3
3.6
3.4
2.7
2.1
2.5
2.5
3.6
2.8

2.6
4.4
3.0
2.9
3.4

2.0
3.0
1.8
1.4
2.6

1.5
2.9
1.5
1.9
2.5

1.6
1.4
1.6
2.0

.9
.9
.6
.8
1.5

EMPLOYEES
2.0
1.4
2.0
2.3
1.9
2.9
2.2
2.5
2.5
2.6

1.8
3.2
3.1
3.3
3.4

2.3
6.5
3.5
2.1
3.7

3.9
4.3
4.2
2.5
2.9

3.6
4.0
4.2
2.9
2.3

1.6
2.4
4.2
2.1
2.7

.6
2.1
2.2
1.5
1.7
1.8

ACCESSIONS; PER
1.3
1.8
2.8
3.2
3.4
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.8
3.4
2.7
2.4

26.0
26.9
27.9
27.4
29.0

20.4
22.4
22.8
21.6
23.2

19.3
22.0
22.6
20.6
22.1

EARNINGS

- VERAGE
A

AVERAGE

.7
2.0
2.2
1.2
1.8
1.3

26.0
27.3
28.4
27.2
27.0

THOUSANDS

2.05
2.16
2.20
2.21
2.30

36.8
40.3
41.3
39.9
40.7
41.0

26.2
27.4
28.5
27.1
26.8

3.2
3.3
3.4
3.6

2.9
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

77.29
88.99
91.74
89.28
93.61

HOURLY

25.1
27.4
28.2
27.2
28.7

THOUSANDS

IN

WEEKLY

2.02
2.14
2.19
2.21
2.28
2.31

37.3
40.3
40.7
39.7
40.6
40.1

24.0
26.9
28.0
26.1
27.7

19.3
21.7
22.7
20.8
22.8

74.34
86.24
90.45
88.18
92.80
94.71

NEW

1.0

IN

19.3
21.1
22.4
20.2
22.2
20.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER




August

THOUSANDS

3.1
3.3
3.4
3.4

WORKERS

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

-

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.2

20.3
21.1
22.4
20.3
21.8
21.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER

IN

24.0
26.7
28.1
26.4
28.3

EMPLOYEES

3.1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER

-

23.9
25.9
27.9
25.7
27.8
26.6

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

Ju y
l

June

252
ALL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

May

.9
2.5
2.6
1.8
2.4

100

100

1.0

78

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

OFFICE FURNITURE - SIC 252— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.3

.5
.8
1.0
•6
1.0
1.1

.5
.8
1.1
.7
•8
•8

.5
.9
.9
.7
.9
1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.6
.6
.4
1.0
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.6
1.1
1.1
.8
•8
1.1
1.1
.9
1.2
1.2
1.1
.9
1.1

1.1
2.0
1.5
1.9
2.1

1.1
2.4
2.1
1.1
2.3

.9
1.5
1.0
1.0
1.5

•8
1.0
•6
.9
1.1

•4
.9
•6
.8
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.1

1.8
2.0
.6
3.5
•8
2.7

2.4
1.2
.8
1.7
1.2
2.2

1.8
1.2
l.i
1.6
2.5
.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.2
.5
1.0
.5
.7
•5
•3
.9
1.7
.4
•V
.6
•6
1.4
1.1
1.0
.9
1.0
.6
•8
•6

.3
.4
.9
•6
•8

.7
3.4
.8
•4
.8

2.7
2.3
2.5
.7
.9

2.5
2.5
3.2
1.5
.7

.8
1.3
3.4
.9
1.4

34.8
33.9
36.0
34.3
39.6

34.7
34.6
35.7
35.1
39.6

34.5
35.0
36.3
35.5
39.2

34.3
35.5
35.7
35.7
38.7

34.4
35.8
35.6
34.9
38.2

PARTITIONS; OFFICE AND STORE FIXTURES - SIC 254
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
34.9
34.3
34.1
1951
34.4
34.0
34.4
34.5
34.2
31.9
33.9
1952
34.0
34.3
34.2
33.7
32.4
32.3
35.1
35.8
36.0
35.4
35.4
1953
35.7
36.0
35.7
1954
34.4
35.6
34.7
34.1
33.6
33.5
34.1
32.2
37.9
37.7
37.7
36.1
36.5
36.6
37.2
1955
35.2
1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

37.9
38.2
35.7
36.8
39.9

37.7
38.3
36.2
35.2
39.4

37.4
37.6
35.7
35.3
39.0

37.0
37.6
35.3
35.3
39.0

36.9
37.8
34.3
35.9
39.8

37.3
38.2
34.4
36.8
39.4

38.1
38.7
34.9
38.4
40.6

36.2
38.9
36.0
38.4
40.8

39.3
39.0
36.9
35.9
41.3

39.5
39.4
37.1
36.2
41.1

39.1
38.6
36.2
36.1
40.6

37.7
37.3
35.9
38.6
39.2

38.5
37.3
35.2
38.9
38.0

1961
1962
1963

38.2
40.6

37.1
39.1
39.6

37.0
39.6
38.9

37.2
40.0
38.7

36.0
39.7
37*8

37.3
40.4
38.2

38.5
41.3

38.4
41.4

39.8
42.0

38.2
42.4

40.0
42.1

40.0
39.9

39.4
39.0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1953
1954
1955

3.2
3.1
3.2

3.2
2.9
3.1

3.2
2.8
2.8

3.3
3.0
3.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.0
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.5

3.2
3.4

3.3
3.5

3.0
3.3
3.0
3.3
3.5

3.3
3.5

3.3
3.5

3.0
3.3
3.1
3.3
3.4

3.3
3.5

3.3
3.4

3.4
3.4
3.1
3.3
3.4

3.4
3.2

3.4
3.2

3.2
3.5
3.3

3.2
3.6
3.3

3.2
3.6

3.2
3.4

3.2
3.4

3.1
3.4

3.3
3.4

3.3
3.5

3.3
3.5

3.3
3.4

1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.5

3.2
3.4
3.5

3.2
3.4
3.5

3.2
3.5
3.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

27.6
27.1
28.4
26.8
29.7

27.1
27.3
28.9
28.4
27.5

27.7
27.3
28.5
27.4
28.3

27.9
26.8
27.7
26.6
28.5

28.1
25.9
28.0
26.0
28.7

27.6
25.4
28.1
25.9
29.3

27.5
27.2
28.4
26.4
29.9

27.3
25.4
28.7
24.3
29.7

27.7
27.1
28.5
26.5
31.4

27.8
27.7
28.5
27*3
31.4

27.6
28.1
29.1
27.7
31.1

27.6
28.5
28.3
27.8
30.8

27.5
28.9
28.6
27.1
30.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

29.3
29.2
26.8
27.5
29.9

29.9
29.3
27.3
26.5
29.7

29.4
28.7
26.9
26.4
29.3

28.9
28.7
26.4
26.4
29.1

28.4
28.6
25.4
27.0
30.0

28.8
29.3
25.5
27.6
29.4

29.6
29.6
26.0
29.0
30.6

26.7
29.8
26.8
29.2
30.7

30.5
30.1
28.0
26.4
31.1

30.7
30.3
28.3
26.6
30.9

30.3
29.6
27.3
26.3
30.4

28.8
28.4
27.0
28.8
29.2

29.6
28.3
26.6
29.3
28.0

1961
1962
1963

28.2
30.5

27.2
28.9
29.8

27.0
29.3
29.0

27.2
29.6
28.7

26.0
29.4
28.0

27.2
30.0
28.4

28.3
30.9

28.4
31.5

29.8
32.1

27.9
32.4

29.8
32.2

30.0
30.1

29.1
29.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

71.23
73.22
75.95
77.14
83.20

69.37
73.68
74.40
77.27
77.93

70.62
72.38
75.12
75.70
80. 56

70.95
73.22
75.24
75.14
80.75

70.46
71.40
75.60
74.77
79.19

70.72
73.22
75.12
75.95
79.59

70.72
71.69
75.12
77.27
85.00

69.97
70.64
72.62
76.02
81.80

72.33
72.63
77.04
77.18
87.52

73.27
75.00
75.81
79.56
88.82

72.93
75.66
77.93
77.99
87.13

71.28
74.70
78.40
79.15
84.66

73.44
75.15
77.04
78.94
84.00

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

86.11
87.94
88.31
93.09
96.72

82.01
88.62
85.67
88.46
97.58

82.62
86.94
85.80
88.30
95. 34

81.41
87.99
87.34
89.21
96.05

84.05
86.51
85.58
92.75
94.64

85.28
87.54
86.85
93.02
96.46

87.77
88.37
89.47
97.63
98.88

86.32
87.26
88.31
87.70
99.39

91.16
89.19
91.30
95.35
98.98

89.68
89.13
90.17
94.89
96.87

90.31
90.03
89.15
93.89
97.27

86.73
86.15
87.75
97.06
95.74

87.99
85.93
89.50
98.59
92.79

1961
1962
1963

100.53
103.57

93.65
99.94
101.85

95.26
101.34
100.58

94.43
101.75
101.20

93.75
100.85
98.39

98.49
104.17
101.75

99.63
106.01

99.54
105.16

106.42
108.38

105.08
107.87

107.43
107.01

105.67
100.65

103.58
99.04




79

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

PARTITIONS,

January

OFFICE

AND

February
STORE

Arl
pi

March

FIXTURES

-

SIC

June

May

254—

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

August

J
uly

September

October

Novombor Docombor

CONTINUED

AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.68
1.76
1.83
1.90
2.00

1.64
1.75
1.78
1.88
1.91

1.65
1.74
1.81
1.86
1.96

1.65
1.76
1.80
1.86
1.96

1.65
1.75
1.80
1.86
1.97

1.66
1.76
1.81
1.88
1.97

1.66
1.74
1.81
1.88
2.00

1.69
1.74
1.82
1.91
2.00

1.69
1.75
1.83
1.92
2.04

1.72
1.79
1.84
1.95
2.08

1.72
1.81
1.86
1.94
2.05

1.73
1.80
1.88
1.94
2.04

1.72
1.76
1.87
1.93
2.00

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.07
2.15
2.23
2.31
2.40

2.01
2.11
2.18
2.28
2.38

2.03
2.09
2.20
2.27
2.36

2.02
2.11
2.20
2.27
2.36

2.04
2.11
2.20
2.29
2.36

2.06
2.13
2.21
2.28
2.37

2.07
2.15
2.22
2.33
2.40

2.07
2.16
2.23
2.32
2.43

2.12
2.17
2.26
2.32
2.42

2.12
2.19
2.26
2.32
2.44

2.12
2.18
2.24
2.29
2.45

2.10
2.17
2.25
2.35
2.43

2.10
2.17
2.26
2.37
2.41

1961
1962
1963

2.47
2.52

2.42
2.48
2.54

2.43
2.49
2.54

2.44
2.50
2.53

2.41
2.49
2.51

2.45
2.51
2.55

2.46
2.53

2.47
2.54

2.51
2.55

2.49
2.55

2.51
2.56

2.51
2.51

2.49
2.52

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.4
41.6
41.5
40.6
41.6

42.3
42.1
41.8
41.1
40.8

42.8
41.6
41.5
40.7
41.1

43.0
41.6
41.8
40.4
41.2

42.7
40.8
42.0
40.2
40.2

42.6
41.6
41.5
40.4
40.4

42.6
41.2
41.5
41.1
42.5

41.4
40.6
39.9
39.8
40.9

42.8
41.5
42.1
40.2
42.9

42.6
41.9
41.2
40.8
42.7

42.4
41.8
41.9
40.2
42.5

41.2
41.5
41.7
40.8
41.5

42.7
42.7
41.2
40.9
42.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.6
40.9
39.6
40.3
40.3

40.8
42.0
39.3
38.8
41.0

40.7
41.6
39.0
38.9
40.4

40.3
41.7
39.7
39.3
40.7

41.2
41.0
38.9
40.5
40.1

41.4
41.1
39.3
40.8
40.7

42.4
41.1
40.3
41.9
41.2

41.7
40.4
39.6
37.8
40.9

43.0
41.1
40.4
41.1
40.9

42.3
40.7
39.9
40.9
39.7

42.6
41.3
39.8
41.0
39.7

41.3
39.7
39.0
41.3
39.4

41.9
39.6
39.6
41.6
38.5

1961
1962
1963

40.7
41.1

38.7
40.3
40.1

39.2
40.7
39.6

38.7
40.7
40.0

38.9
40.5
39.2

40.2
41.5
39.9

40.5
41.9

40.3
41.4

42.4
42.5

42.2
42.3

42.8
41.8

42.1
40.1

41.6
39.3

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

2.9
3.4
2.6
3.1
4.0

2.8
3.6
2.4
4.1
4.6

2.0
3.2
2.1
4.3
3.7

1.6
3.3
2.0
3.3
2.5

1.8
3.1
1.3
2.8
1.6

40.3
45.5
43.7
42.0
42.1

41.2
46.3
44.4
42.4
41.7

40.4
44.9
43.2
41.6
40.9

41.4
42.6
41.9
41.3
40.8

43.2
43.1
41.2
40.7
40.1

10.3
9.8
9.8
10.1

10.5
10.1
10.0
10.3

9.6
10.2
9.5
10.1
10.3

9.6
9.4
10.0
10.4

9.9
9.3
9.9
9.9

30.2
34.7
33.5
32.6
32.5

31.1
35.8
34.2
32.8
32.2

30.0
34.3
32.9
32.0
31.6

30.9
31.9
31.9
31.7
31.5

32.8
32.7
31.3
31.3
30.9

77.04
79.32
80.95
80.77
82.00

73.35
78.12
81.19
80.79
81.61

75.26
76.76
79.19
80.80
81.20

77.46
79.71
79.00
82.82
81.81

PRODUC TION-WORKE R
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

OTHER

2.0
2.1
2.7
1.2
2.3
1.9

2.2
2.6
2.3
2.4
3.0

FURNITURE

AND

2.0
2.0
2.5
1.2
2.6
1.7

FIXTURES

-

2.2
1.7
2.6
1.1
2.2
1.3

SIC

39.6
43.9
43.3
40.7
40.7

39.8
43.1
43.4
39.1
39.6
39.6

39.3
42.7
43.6
38.7
39.7
38.9

9.9
9.9
9.5
9.9

9.4
9.9
10.0
8.8
9.4
9.7

9.6
10.2
8.6
9.5
9.5

38.5
42.8
43.8
38.8
39.7
38.7

EMPLOYEES

37.3
43.2
44.0
39.8
39.8
39.1

9.7
10.2
8.8
9.4
9.3

29.6
33.4
33.1
31.2
31.3

29.9
32.7
33.1
29.5
30.3
30.4

29.4
32.2
33.3
29.3
30.3
29.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

74.00
77.33
78.78
79.99
81.41

72.73
74.80
77.38
78.41
79.95
80.78

71.23
74.99
75.85
78.61
79.79
81.18

28.9
32.6
33.4
29.5
30.3
29.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER




72.35
75.41
77.79
79.80
80.39
79.98

72.34
75.39
76.42
78.01
81.00
81.19

IN

2.7
2.5
2.5
2.3
3.6

-

IN

9.9
10.1
9.2
9.9
9.8

AVERAGE
72.13
76.57
77.97
79.00
80.80
82.42

-

IN

8.4
9.7
9.7
9.6
9.9

THOUSANDS

29.6
34.3
34.1
32.1
32.5

WEEKLY

35.6
43.9
43.0
41.3
41.2

THOUSANDS

10.1
10.2
9.6
10.3

WORKERS
28.8
33.4
33.1
31.4
31.4
30.6

THOUSANDS

39.5
44.8
44.3
41.7
42.2

EMPLOYEES

8.6
9.8
10.2
9.0
9.7
9.7

27.6
33.0
33.7
30.4
30.5
29.9

-

38.3
43.6
43.5
40.9
41.0
40.0

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.8
2.7
2.0
3.6

HOURS

253,9

FEMALE
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
1.8
2.5
1.6
2.8
1.8

2.1
2.1
2.1
1.4
2.2
1.2

ALL
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

AVERAGE

26.1
33.3
33.0
3 U 8
31.6

EARNINGS

73.23
76.55
78.76
79.79
83.43

70.31
79.65
78.36
78.60
80.39

-

IN

DOLLARS

77.23
81.06
81.12
81.73
81.79

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

Ju y
l

August

September

October

November

December

OTHER FURNITURE AND FIXTURES - SIC 253,9--C0NTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.85
1.90
1.95
1.98
2.02

1.86
1.87
1.92
1.99
2.05
2.04

1.85
1.87
1.93
1.98
2.02
2.05

1.86
1.89
1.94
1.99
2.03
2.03

1.85
1.88
1.92
1.96
2.02
2.04

1.84
1.90
1.93
1.97
2.01
2.04

1.84
1.89
1.94
1.97
2.02

1.78
1.91
1.93
1.96
1.98

1.87
1.93
1.95
1.96
1.99

1.87
1.93
1.96
1.97
2.00

1.82
1.91
1.99
1.99
2.02

1.84
1.90
1.97
2.00
2.02

1.88
1.93
1.97
2.04
2.03

41.3
42.0
41.6
41.7
41.1

41.2
41.1
41.3
41.0
41.0

40.3
40.9
40.8
40.6
40.4

40.9
40.4
40.2
40.4
40.2

41.2
41.3
4 J. 1
40.6
40.3

3.2
3.5
3.5
2.9
3.2

2.4
3.1
3.1
2.8
2.8

2.9
2.9
2.4
2.8
2.9

2.8
3.2
2.7
3.0
2.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.0
40.7
40.4
40.4
40.3

39.1
40.0
40.3
39.4
39.0
39.6

38.5
40.1
39.3
39.7
39.5
39.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.6

1.4
2.3
2.6
2.0
1.8
2.1

1.6
2.2
2.1
1.8
1.9
2.0

38.9
39.9
40.1
40.1
39.6
39.4

39.1
40.1
39.8
39.8
40.1
39.8

39.2
40.3
40.4
40.1
40.2
40.4

39.8
40.5
40.6
40.5
41.3

39.5
41.7
40.6
40.1
40.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.7
2.1
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.1

1.7
2.1
2.0
2.2
2.3
1.9

1.7
2.5
2.3
1.9
2.4
2. f

1.8
2.6
2.6
2.4
3.0

1.8
3.6
2.8
2.8
2.6

3.5
3.9
3.6
3.7
3.4

S T O N E , C LA Y, AN D G L A S S PR O D U CTS - SIC 32
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

369
387

335
365

336
357

349
364

363
376

365
383

373
386

372
386

377
396

384
401

396
403

398
414

386
412

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

456
460
446
413
408

404
462
453
430
407

409
458
448
425
405

423
460
448
421
407

438
464
449
417
404

453
462
446
412
405

461
463
450
412
411

470
457
449
411
408

481
459
449
411
409

484
459
441
403
402

484
459
440
401
413

484
460
440
405
404

47 7
461
44 C
407
414

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

498
537
549
514
547

433
526
529
529
496

457
525
527
524
500

471
531
539
519
506

482
539
546
515
522

488
533
550
514
538

501
539
555
511
551

505
529
550
501
552

526
543
561
513
573

530
545
561
515
573

532
546
562
508
587

529
546
559
507
589

523
54 3
550
506
582

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

587.0
564.0
581.3
552.6
588.4

579.8
554.5
568.9
546.3
553.6

579.3
552.0
572.2
545.4
559.3

586.6
555.4
580.2
547.3
568.0

593.8
559.5
584.6
548.1
577.8

594.4
556.3
583.7
547.4
586.1

596.5
563.8
589.4
548.9
596.4

588.2
550.7
581.6
546.3
591.0

594.1
568.5
589.4
556.8
604.1

591.5
572.4
590.3
560.7
609.5

588.1
577.9
586.6
561.4
609.1

579.1
579.9
580.3
562.4
606.3

570.7
576.8
568.5
560.0
599.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

605.3
595.4
562.4
604.0
604.0

592.2
589.6
562.6
551.1
592.1

591.0
587.5
548.6
553.9
593.7

598.2
590.7
544.3
578.4
590.9

606.3
595.3
545.6
602.1
605.9

609.7
597.3
549.5
612.7
615.6

614.2
602.7
561.7
627.1
621.8

604.4
584.6
568.1
626.9
618.9

613.0
603.2
576.5
626.6
619.2

609.6
607.9
586.7
629.5
616.9

613.6
603.7
569.5
616.3
608.1

608.5
597.6
571.3
615.8
593.6

602.9
584.3
564. 4
607.5
571.3

1961
1962
1963

582.0
594.0

549.9
559.3
567.7

542.5
561.0
563.2

554.0
564.7
574.1

568.6
586.0
599.6

583.2
600.1
615.3

596.9
611.8

599.4
612.8

608.1
618.8

607.2
616.4

600.7
612.0

594.5
601.9

578.5
583.1

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

76.3

81.4

85.0

93.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

95.1
87.6
94.4
86.9
86.4

98.6
90.1
97.0
86.6
91.3

94.7
87.6
91.9
83.0
91.6

95.3
94.2
95.0
87.0
97.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

94.8
93.2
87.2
85.7
91.2

87.5
93.3

90.3
93.5

97.0
95.2
84.4
91.5
92.5

90.9
93.5

94.3
93.7

91.9
94.1
86.0
94.0
92.3

94.6
92.9

95.3
92.8

97.6
96.0
88.4
93.6
91.2

93.9
89.6

92.4
86.3

83.6
87.7
89.3

84.8
89.5
89.8

85.9
89.8
90.2

85.9
90.4
92.1

87.4
91.3
93.4

88.8
93.4

88.4
93.0

91.1
93.8

92.5
93.5

91.0
93.9

90.7
92.4

89.3
90.3

1961
1962
1963

92.0
91.9
88.3
91.6




ax

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year
STONE,

Annual
Average
CLAY.

January
AND

GLASS

February

March

PRODUCTS

-

Arl
pi

SIC

32—

May

PRODUCTION

1929
1930

August

September

October

November

December

WORKERS

-

IN

THOUSANDS

353
301

1931
1932

Ju y
l

June

CONTINUED

240
176

1933

186

1934
1935

232
251

M O N TH LY D ATA N O T A V A IL A B L E

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

288
324
275
312
328

278
307

280
299

292
306

305
317

307
325

314
327

314
327

318
336

325
341

337
349

339
354

326
354

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

396
405
397
363
353

344
404
402
381
353

351
401
398
377
353

363
403
398
373
354

379
408
400
369
351

392
407
397
363
351

402
408
401
363
356

410
401
401
360
354

420
405
401
359
354

423
406
395
353
347

425
405
392
350
357

425
408
393
352
349

41 9
410
392
354
350

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

437
471
479
443
473

376
462
463
458
426

398
462
460
452
431

411
466
471
449
436

422
472
477
444
449

428
467
480
442
465

440
471
485
438
476

445
462
478
429
475

464
475
490
441
496

466
477
491
442
496

468
479
491
439
510

465
478
487
438
512

464
477
479
43 6
504

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

507.1
479.8
493.6
464.3
495.6

503.3
471.9
483.6
458.9
463.9

502.8
469.2
485.8
457.6
468.7

510.9
472.6
493.2
460.3
477.7

515.4
476.1
496.9
460.4
485.9

514.8
472.9
495.6
459.3
493.5

516.0
479.2
501.6
460.5
503.4

506.4
465.9
492.6
457.8
497.0

512.7
483.8
501.0
468.3
509.9

509.9
487.7
502.3
471.5
515.6

506.9
491.8
498.6
472.7
514.1

497.4
494.7
492.1
473.0
512.3

489.1
491.4
479.8
471.5
505.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

507.0
492.8
457.9
496.2
491.8

497.4
490.5
457.8
447.5
481.2

495.3
486.5
444.8
450.2
481.8

501.9
489.7
440.0
472.8
478.7

509.3
494.1
441.4
495.0
493.5

510.9
495.8
444.9
505.2
503.0

515.9
499.0
456.8
519.1
509.3

504.7
481.7
463.1
517.7
505.2

513.7
499.4
472.4
517.3
506.6

508.4
503.3
481.9
520.2
504.8

514.2
499.3
464.8
507.2
495.7

509.3
493.6
467.1
506.0
481.4

50?.8
480.3
460.3
496.7
459.0

1961
1962
1963

469.4
479.1

439.6
447.3
451.8

431.9
448.8
447.2

443.1
452.0
457.7

457.4
472.4
482.4

471.6
485.6
496.7

484.7
495.9

485.8
496.4

493.4
501.8

493.7
500.2

486.6
495.9

480. 1
486.0

465.2
466.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER

- VERAGE
A

I EEKLY
W

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1947
1948
1949
1950

48.95
53.19
54.31
59.10

46.56
50.42
54.36
55.18

46.01
50.45
54.89
55.42

47.14
51.62
54.05
55.56

47.27
51.98
53.23
56.42

47.74
52.77
53.76
57.14

49.31
53.01
53.45
57.97

48.84
52.27
52.80
58.43

49.61
54.85
54.04
59.26

50.18
54.69
54.59
60.73

51.05
55.88
55.37
62.96

51.62
55.04
55.14
63.51

51.75
55.58
55.52
63.44

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

63.76
66.17
70.18
71.69
77.00

62.36
63.49
68.04
69.30
73.31

61.91
64.53
69.12
70.70
73.31

63.38
64.78
69.63
70.30
74.98

64.11
63.99
69.70
70.18
75.40

63.80
64.78
70.28
70.93
76.73

64.06
65.19
70.11
70.70
77.75

64.17
64.08
70.41
71.15
77.04

63.76
65.76
70.93
71.86
78.17

64.43
67.32
70.93
72.67
79.00

64.90
69.30
71.93
73.16
79.00

64.06
68.80
70.88
74.39
79.27

64.68
69.14
71.05
73.80
79.42

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

80.56
82.82
84.80
91.46
92.57

77.93
81.20
82.11
87.02
90.40

78.12
81.81
80.26
87.23
90.40

78.53
81.81
81.09
90.39
89.89

79.73
81.41
81.30
92.13
92.16

80.73
82.62
83.58
92.80
93.48

80.95
83.03
85.03
93.88
93.94

80.57
82.62
85.41
93.21
93.71

81.16
83.84
87.94
93.02
94.58

81.39
84.45
89.19
92.48
93.61

81.99
84.44
87.13
92.51
94.94

82.41
84.40
87.94
91.17
93.38

3 3.02
83.37
86.83
91.80
9 0 . 39

1961
1962
1963

95.24
98.57

91.08
92.97
97.36

90.23
93.93
97.36

91.54
95.27
99.47

92.63
97.75
101.11

95.06
99.60
103.07

97.29
100.26

97.06
100.67

98.00
101.40

97.70
101.33

97.47
100.67

97.17
100.53

94.64
97.84

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.194
1.307
1.368
1.438

1.130
1.251
1.359
1.390

1.136
1.258
1.362
1.389

1.147
1.262
1.358
1.389

1.153
1.271
1.358
1.400

1.170
1.284
1.361
1.404

1.194
1.293
1.360
1.414

1.203
1.310
1.368
1.432

1.216
1.328
1.368
1.428

1.233
1.347
1.382
1.467

1.239
1.353
1. 3 7 4
1.485

1.253
1.359
1.382
1.505

1.250
1.359
1.381
1.50 7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.54
1.61
1.72
1.77
1.86

1.51
1.56
1.68
1.75
1.81

1.51
1.57
1.69
1.75
1.81

1.52
1.58
1.69
1.74
1.82

1.53
1.58
1.70
1.75
1.83

1.53
1.58
1.71
1.76
1.84

1.54
1.59
1.71
1.75
1.86

1.55
1.59
1.73
1.77
1.87

1.54
1.60
1.73
1.77
1.87

1.56
1.63
1.76
1.79
1.89

1.56
1.65
1.75
1.78
1.89

1.57
1.67
1.75
1.81
1.91

1.57
1.67
1.75
1.80
1.90




82

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year
STONE*

Annual
Average
CLAY*

January
AND

GLASS

February

March

PRODUCTS

-

Arl
pi

SIC

32—

PRODUCTION-WORKER

May

August

July

June

September

October

November

December

CONTINUED
HOURLY

EARNINGS

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.96
2.05
2.12
2.22
2.28

1.91
2.02
2.10
2.17
2.26

1.91
2.02
2.09
2.17
2.26

1.92
2.02
2.09
2.21
2.27

AVERAGE
1.94
2.02
2.09
2.22
2.27

1.95
2.03
2.10
2.22
2.28

1.96
2.04
2.11
2.23
2.28

1.97
2.05
2.13
2.23
2.28

1.97
2.06
2.15
2.22
2.29

1.99
2.08
2.17
2.25
2.30

1.99
2.09
2.12
2.24
2.31

2.01
2.11
2.15
2.24
2.30

2.02
2.10
2.16
2.25
2.30

1961
1962
1963

2.36
2.41

2.30
2.39
2.44

2.29
2.36
2.44

2.30
2.37
2.45

2.31
2.39

2.33
2.40
2.46

2.35
2.41

2.35
2.42

2.35
2.42

2.36
2.43

2.36
2.42

2.37
2.44

2.36
2.44

1947
1948
1949
1950

41.0
40.7
39.7
41.1

41.2
40.3
40.0
39.7

40.5
40.1
40.3
39.9

41.1
40.9
39.8
40.0

41.0
40.9
39.2
40.3

40.8
41.1
39.5
40.7

41.3
41.0
39.3
41.0

40.6
39.9
38.6
40.8

40.8
41.3
39.5
41.5

40.7
40.6
39.5
41.4

41.2
41.3
40.3
42.4

41.2
40.5
39.9
42.2

41.4
40.9
40.2
42.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.4
41.1
40.8
40.5
41.4

41.3
40.7
40.5
39.6
40.5

41.0
41.1
40.9
40.4
40.5

41.7
41.0
41.2
40.4
41.2

41.9
40.5
41.0
40.1
41.2

41.7
41.0
41.1
40.3
41.7

41.6
41.0
41.0
40.4
41.8

41.4
40.3
40.7
40.2
41.2

41.4
41.1
41.0
40.6
41.8

41.3
41.3
40.3
40.6
41.8

41.6
42.0
41.1
41.1
41.8

40.8
41.2
40.5
41.1
41.5

41.2
41.4
40.6
41.0
41.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

41.1
40.4
40.0
41.2
40.6

40.8
40.2
39.1
40.1
40.0

40.9
40.5
38.4
40.2
40.0

40.9
40.5
38.8
40.9
39.6

41.1
40.3
38.9
41.5
40.6

41.4
40.7
39.8
41.8
41.0

41.3
40.7
40.3
42.1
41.2

40.9
40.3
40.1
41.8
41.1

41.2
40.7
40.9
41.9
41.3

40.9
40.6
41.1
41.1
40.7

41.2
40.4
41.1
41.3
41.1

41.0
40.0
40.9
40.7
40.6

41.1
39.7
40.2
40.8
39.3

1961
1962
1963

40.7
40.9

39.6
38.9
39.9

39.4
39.8
39.9

39.8
40.2
40.6

40.1
40.9
41.1

40.8
41.5
41.9

41.4
41.6

41.3
41.6

41.7
41.9

41.4
41.7

41.3
41.6

41.0
41.2

40.1
40.1

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

2.46

PRODUCTION-WORKER

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

-

IN

WEEKLY

DOLLARS—

CONTINUED

HOURS

HOURS

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.3
2.8
2.8
3.6
3.1

3.2
2.7
2.2
2.9
2.9

3.2
2.7
2.0
3.1
2.9

3.2
2.8
2.2
3.3
2.8

3.3
2.7
2.2
3.7
3.0

3.4
2.8
2.6
4.0
3.3

3.3
3.0
2.8
4.0
3.3

3.4
3.0
2.8
4.1
3.4

3.3
3.0
3.3
4.1
3.5

3.3
3.1
3.3
3.9
3.4

3.3
2.9
3.8
3.6
3.4

3.3
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.1

3.1
2.5
2.7
3.1
2.5

1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.4

2.4
2.6
2.8

2.5
2.7
2.8

2.6
2.9
3.1

2.9
3.2
3.4

3.1
3.7
3.9

3.5
3.8

3.6
3.9

3.6
3.9

3.7
3.9

3.7
3.7

3.3
3.4

2.9
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.0
3.4
3.7
3.8

2.2
3.6
3.0
3.1
3.4
3.6

2.3
3.7
3.6
3.4
3.8
3.5

3.3
4.8
3.5
5.1
4.4
4.7

ACCESSIONS
4.5
5.2
4.6
4.5
5.5
5.7

PER
4.2
4.4
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.4

EMPLOYEES
4.9
4.3
5.4
4.1
4.5
3.4
4.9
3.7
4.9
3.8

4.7
4.3
4.7
4.0
4.1

4.1
3.7
3.2
3.3
3.4

3.2
3.2
2.6
3.2
2.8

2.8
3.1
1.9
2.5
2.4

2.4
2.3
1.7
1.9
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
2.6
2.0
1.8
2.2

.7
1.9
1.5
1.4
1.3

.6
2.0
1.9
1.1
1.6
1.6

1.2
2.5
1.9
1.7
2.3
2.1

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.2
2.4
1.8
2.9
2.8

PER
2.0
3.4
2.6
2.1
3.1
2.8

EMPLOYEES
2.5
2.4
4.3
3.1
3.2
2.3
2.9
2.3
3.4
2.5

2.6
3.3
3.1
2.5
2.6

2.3
2.8
2.0
2.1
2.2

1.9
2.1
1.6
2.0
1.8

1.7
1.7
.9
1.5
1.3

1.3
1.2
•6
.9
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
3.8
4.1
3.8
4.1

5.7
4.1
3.8
5.4
4.7
4.9

3.8
2.8
3.4
4.1
3.4
3.4

4.6
2.8
4.0
3.2
3.5
2.9

SEPARATIONS
3.7
2.8
3.6
3.2
3.4
3.0

EMPLOYEES
3.1
3.2
3.6
3.9
3.7
3.8
3.0
3.2
3.6
3.3

3.4
4.5
4.3
3.7
4.6

3.9
5.3
4.9
4.4
5.0

3.5
4.6
4.4
4.0
4.2

3.6
4.2
4.8
4.0
4.1

4.1
4.3
5.5
4.8
5.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0

.7
.9
.9
.7
•8
•8

.5
.8
.9
.6
.8
.7

1.2

1.6
2.1
1.6
1.5
1.9

1.9
2.5
1.9
1.8
2.1

1.2
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.2

1.0
1.1
.7
.9
.8

.7
•8
•6
•6
•6

4.7
2.6
2.2
4.2
3.3
3.4

2.9
1.5
1.9
3.0
2.0
2.1

1.6
1.5
1.9
1.5
1.7

1.3
1.5
2.0
1.5
1.9

1.5
2.0
2.2
1.8
2.2

1.8
2.5
2.8
2.1
2.3

2.1
2.5
3.5
2.3
2.8

2.9
3.0
4.5
3.6
4.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.1

1.0
1.2

2.4
1.8
2.4
2.2
2.2




1.0

.7

1.0
1.0
.7
1.0
.9

3.5
1.2
2.4
2.0
1.9
1.4

QUITS
.8
1.3
1.1
.8
1.1

1.1
LAYOFFS
2.5
.9
1.8
1.9
1.6
1.2

100

100

PER
3.8
3.1
3.4
2.9
3.8
3.1

100

PER

100
.9
1.5
1.2
.9
1.4
1.3

PER 100
2.5
.9
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.2

EMPLOYEES
1.1
1.7
1.2
1.0
1.2

EMPLOYEES
1.5
1.1
1.8
1.3
1.4

1.1
1.6
1.2

1.0

83

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

STONE* CLAY* AND GLASS PRODUCTS - SIC 32— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
3.5
2.7
2.8
3.1
3.4

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
4.0
4.7
4.0
5.2
3.3
4.9
3.6
4.5
5.6
3.7
5.9

3.1
3.1
2.6
3.1
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.6
4.1
3.8
5.4
4.9
5.0

MALE SEPARATIONSi PER 100 MALES
3.6
3.1
3.9
2.7
3.5
3.8
3.0
3.2
3.5
3.2
2.9

3.4
4.6
4.4
3.9
4.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
.8
•8
•6
.7
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
4.6
4.8
4.4
4.6
4.5

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.2
5.0
4.7
4.4
3.3
4.0
4.6
4.3
4.9
4.4
4.5

3.9
3.9
2.8
3.7
3.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.4
4.3
3.8
5.3
4.1
4.4

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
4.3
3.3
3.2
4.1
4.2
3.8
3.0
4.3
3.6
4.2
3.8

4.4
4.8
4.8
4.6
4.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
1.2
1.4

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.7
1.0
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.1
.8
1 .0
1.1
1.1

1.1
1.4
1 .0

1.1
1.2

1 .0

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.0
1.4
2.0
1.3
1.4
1.5
1 .0
1.2
1.6
1.2
1.3

1 .0

1.1
1.1

1.4
1.5
1.2
1.4
1.4

FLAT GLASS - SIC 32l
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

32.6
30.4
31.6
29.6
33.5

32.4
30.2
32.3
31.0
33.0

32.0
29.5
32.1
29.4
32.9

32.2
29.1
31.7
28.3
32.8

32.9
29.3
31.6
28.2
32.7

33.1
29.5
31.3
27.9
32.6

33.3
29.4
31.2
28.3
33.8

32.7
30.0
31.3
28.5
33.1

33.0
30.3
31.6
28.2
33.5

,32.8
30.9
31.9
29.3
34.0

32.6
31.5
31.5
30.6
34.2

32.4
32.1
31.5
32.2
34.6

32.0
32.5
31.6
32.7
34.9

1956
1957
19£8
1959
1960

35.4
36.5
29.2
34.3
33.2

35.0
37.6
36.6
23.7
37.4

34.0
37.2
34.4
24.3
37.4

33.7
36.3
30.6
36.7
35.4

34.6
35.5
29.5
36.8
32.8

34.3
34.8
28.2
36.4
32.0

34.2
34.9
29.7
36.6
31.8

34.4
35.2
30.6
36.3
31.4

35.7
35.9
32.6
33.9
31.3

36.2
36.4
34.1
35.2
32.0

37.0
37.6
17.6
37.4
32.4

37.7
38.0
22.8
37.1
31.9

37.9
38.4
23.6
37.3
33.0

1961
1962
1963

29.9
30.4

31.6
31.2
29.7

29.4
30.8
29.5

29.5
29.6
29.3

28.2
29.4
29.9

29.1
29.0
30.1

28.7
30.0

29.7
30.1

30.5
30.5

30.9
30.8

30.9
31.0

30.7
31.5

30.0
30.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1953
1954
1955

3.1
2.2
2.4

2.8
2.0
2.3

2.7
2.1
2.3

2.5
2.1
2.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.2
2.7
2.0
1.1
1.8

1.1
1.7

1.7
1.5

2.0
2.6
1.7
1.7
1.4

1.7
1.6

1.7
1.3

1.9
2.3
1.9
1.8
1.5

1.7
1.5

1.7
1.4

2.4
2.2
1.1
1.8
1.4

1.7
1.4

1.7
1.4

1.3
1.3
1.4

1.3
1.3
1.3

1.4
1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3

1.2
1.3

1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3

1.3
1.4

1.3
1.4

1.3
1.4

1961
1962
1963

1.6
1.5
1.3
1.3




84

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A pril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber

December

FLAT GLASS - SIC 321— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

29.3
27.0
28.3
26.4
30.2

29.2
26.8
29.0
27.7
29.9

28.8
26.0
28.8
26.3
29.7

28.9
25.8
28.4
25.4
29.6

29.6
26.0
28.3
25.1
29.5

29.7
26.2
28.0
24.9
29.4

29.9
26.0
27.8
25.2
30.3

29.4
26.7
27.9
25.3
29.7

29.7
27.0
28.2
25.0
30.3

29.4
27.5
28.5
26.0
30.7

29.3
28.1
28.3
27.4
30.9

29.0'
28.7
28.4
29.1
31.2

28.6
29.2
28.4
29.6
31.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

31.7
32.6
25.3
30.2
28.8

31.4
34.1
32.7
20.1
32.9

30.4
33.4
30.2
20.7
32.9

30.0
32.6
26.6
32.6
31.0

30.9
32.0
25.5
32.7
28.4

30.7
31.1
24.3
32.2
27.6

30.4
30.9
25.8
32.3
27.4

30.8
31.1
26.7
31.9
27.0

32.0
31.5
28.7
29.7
26.8

32.4
32.2
30.4
30.8
27.6

33.2
33.5
13.2
33.1
28.0

33.9
34.0
19.2
32.8
27.2

34.2
34.4
20.1
33.0
28.4

1961
1962
1963

25.5
25.2

27.1
26.6
24.2

24.9
26.1
23.9

25.1
24,6
23.6

23.8
24.5
24* 2

24.8
24.1
24.3

24.3
24.8

25.3
24.7

26.1
25.1

26.5
25.4

26.4
25.6

26.1
26.0

25.3
25.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

83.22
84.99
96.56
99.79
113.21

84.66
77.39
98.74
98.49
112.92

84.05
80.60
97.41
99.47
109.48

85,68
81.40
9?. 70
95.20
110.17

86.74
79.98
96.88
95.99
109.23

85.08
82.62
100.74
98.55
114.49

85.07
84.85
94.87
95.83
111.04

83.41
79.49
95.68
97.02
110.16

77.20
84.96
93.85
95.45
111.90

82.37
85.85
90.92
99.60
114.51

82.21
90.83
94.96
101.33
115.08

80.94*
97.06
96.96
110.24
121.69

78.11
94.94
97.60
108.20
117.85

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

112.33
113.60
112.31
132.29
127.66

119.28
116.28
116.03
138.35
127.92

111.52
113.48
108.58
137.34
125.29

109.05
111.60
107.34
133.86
125.22

108.80
109.81
103.74
133.76
124.57

111.25
109.97
103.78
132.70
125.06

109.21
107.92
102.08
136.10
125.69

111.11
111.28
106.93
132.72
124.97

109.08
108.03
120.80
126.48
126.45

110.42
112.52
127.51
133.88
127.26

111.38
115.71
77.56
130.41
134.08

118.20
125.88
126.05
128.88
135.47

116.97
117.91
135.26
128.93
130.29

1961
1962
1963

122.68
126.01

124.03
125.45
129.26

122.07
122.06
127.92

122.07
123.00
130.65

118.18
120.01
131.66

124.19
125.02
133.51

126.56
127.92

125.42
126.81

127.84
125.78

128.30
126.94

115.48
127.59

119.32
133.06

120.82
130.42

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

2.06
2.13
2.39
2.47
2.67

2.07
2.01
2.42
2.45
2.59

2.04
2.01
2.37
2.45
2.57

2.04
2.04
2.36
2.41
2.58

2.08
2.03
2.34
2.43
2.57

2.07
2.04
2.41
2.47
2.62

2.04
2.09
2.36
2.42
2.65

2.08
2.07
2.38
2.45
2.70

2.00
2.14
2.37
2.46
2.69

2.08
2.19
2.38
2.49
2.72

2.04
2.21
2.38
2.43
2.74

2.07
2.35
2.43
2.60
2.87

2.05
2.35
2.44
2.54
2.76

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.76
2.84
2.94
3.18
3.16

2.80
2.85
2.93
3.24
3.19

2.74
2.83
2.88
3.27
3.18

2.74
2.79
2.87
3.21
3.17

2.72
2.78
2.85
3.20
3.13

2.72
2.77
2.82
3.19
3.15

2.71
2.76
2.82
3.21
3.15

2.73
2.81
2.89
3.16
3.14

2.70
2.77
2.99
3.10
3.13

2.74
2.82
3.08
3.15
3.15

2.73
2.90
2.80
3.15
3.20

2.89
2.99
3.12
3.19
3. 18

2.86
2.97
3.19
3.16
3.17

1961
1962
1963

3.17
3.29

3.14
3.31
3.34

3.13
3.29
3.34

3.13
3.28
3.35

3.11
3.27
3.35

3.16
3.29
3.38

3.18
3.28

3.12
3.26

3.18
3.25

3.16
3.28

3.19
3.28

3.26
3.36

3.31
3.37

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.4
39.9
40.4
40.4
42.4

40.9
38.5
40.8
40.2
43.6

41.2
40.1
41.1
40.6
42.6

42.0
39.9
41.4
39.5
42.7

41.7
39.4
41.4
39.5
42.5

41.1
40.5
41.8
39.9
43.7

41.7
40.6
40.2
39.6
41.9

40.1
38.4
40.2
39.6
40.8

38.6
39.7
39.6
38.8
41.6

39.6
39.2
38.2
40.0
42.1

40.3
41.1
39.9
41.7
42.0

39.1
41.3
39.9
42.4
42.4

38.1
40.4
40.0
42.6
42.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.7
40.0
38.2
41.6
40.4

42.6
40.8
39.6
42.7
40.1

40.7
40.1
37.7
42.0
39.4

39.8
40.0
37.4
41.7
39.5

40.0
39.5
36.4
41.8
39.8

40.9
39.7
36.8
41.6
39.7

40.3
39.1
36.2
42.4
39.9

40.7
39.6
37.0
42.0
39.8

40.4
39.0
40.4
40.8
40.4

40.3
39.9
41.4
42.5
40.4

40.8
39.9
27.7
41.4
41.9

40.9
42.1
40.4
40.4
42.6

40.9
39.7
42.4
40.8
41.1

1961
1962
1963

38.7
38.3

39.5
37.9
38.7

39.0
37.1
38.3

39.0
37.5
39.0

38.0
36.7
39.3

39.3
38.0
39.5

39.8
39.0

40.2
38.9

40.2
38.7

40.6
38.7

36.2
38.9

36.6
39.6

36.5
38.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.7
2.4
2.1
1.7

2.4
4.1
3.4
2.0
2.2
1.5

1.7
4.0
2.3
1.9
1.7
1*5

4.0
4.9
2.8
2.7
2.0

1.4
3.3
2.8
2.1
1.5

4.0
3.4
3.5
1.4
2.2

3.6
3.3
2.5
2.6
1.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




1.6
3.8
2.3
1.5
1.4
1.3

1.4
3.6
2.0
1.8
1.0
1.6

1.7
3.6
1.7
2*2
1.3
1.9

1.5
3.7
1.7
2.2
1.6

1.7
3.2
2.0
2.3
1.8

3.2
3.6
2.2
2.2
1.6

85

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

A pril

March

M ay

June

August

July

September

October

November

December

FLAT GLASS - SIC 321— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
2.6
2.5
3.2
2.6

2.8
2.8
1.8
1.7
4.2
2.0

1.6
4.4
1.1
3.2
2.4
3.3

1.7
3.7
.8
2.8
1.4
3.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
7.5
5.7
4.8
6.7
1.7
1.9
1.6
1.2
1.4
5.9
3.1
3.1
4.0
3.4
4.2
5.2
1.5
1.7
4.5
3.2
3.6
2.8

8.6
3.7
3.1
5.0
2.4

7.1
3.0
4.4
2.2
3.0

2.1
2. 1
2.7
1.8
2.5

3.6
2.6
.9
2.4
2.7

3.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.9
.6
.5
.6

•6
2.3
•6
.2
.8
•2

•1
1.3
.3
•1
1.2
.3

•1
.5
.2
•2
.7
•6

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
•4
.2
.3
•6
•4
.6
.5
.5
1.0
•2
1.2
.9
.9
1.0
.1
1.0
.4
.5
.5
.3
.4

.9
1.5
.7
.4
.5

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
.5

.4
.6
.9
.9
•6

1.2
.5
.3
.3
.4

2.6
•6
.2
•2
.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.1
2.4
3.7
3.9
2.8

7.7
1.7
1.3
8.0
1.5
3.4

8.6
1.1
2.7
4.6
2.1
3.3

11.1
4.9
6.2
5.6
2.2
3.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
8.9
2.8
3.2
9.7
2.5
2.3
2.2
1.7
2.5
8.9
2.9
8.8
1.9
8.7
3.4
2.1
3.8
1.9
1.7
3.2
2.4
2.6

2.8
1.8
3.2
1.8
2.8

2.1
2.8
3.0
1.7
2.4

2.8
4.0
1.7
1.7
1.7

.7
2.2
1.7
4.7
3.7

1.7
1.9
3.0
6.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•2
.3
.3
.2
.3

.3
•4
.2
.1
.4
•2

•1
.3
.2
•1
.4
•2

.1
.5
.3
.1
.2
.5

.2
.2
.2
.2
.2

.5
.3
.4
.4
.4

.5
.3
.4
.4
.5

.2
.5
.3
.2
.3

.2
•2
.2
.2
.1

.2
.2
.1
.2
•1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
1.8
3.2
3.1
2.2

7.1

8.2
.6
2.3
4.3
1.3
2.8

10.7
4.0
5.6
5.2
1.6
2.8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
7.9
2.8
2.4
9.2
1.7
1.6
1.2
1.7
7.9
2.4
2.0
8.4
7.9
2.8
1.4
1.1
2.7
1.5
1.3
3.2
2.0
2.2

2.1
1.2
2.4
.9
2.2

1.3
2.2
2.3
.9
1.7

2.3
3.0
1.1
1.1
1.1

.3
1.6
1.3
2.6
3.3

.6
1.2
1.7
1.5
5.9

1.0

.9
7.6
.8
3.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.1
.2
.1
•4
.4
.3
.3
.3
•6
.2
.2
.2
.2
•2
.1
•2
.2

1.0

GLASS AND GLASSWARE, PRESSED OR BLOWN - SIC 322
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

97.3
93.2
97.8
90.1
93,6

98.0
89.1
95.5
90.6
88.7

98.2
90.4
96.5
90.9
89.9

100.7
91.6
98.6
91.5
91.4

101.4
92.3
99.2
91.6
92.3

100.4
92.2
98.9
91.2
94.1

98.8
93.2
100.0
91.0
95.7

93.1
89.5
95.1
86.9
91.1

98.3
92.7
97.6
90.0
95.0

97.9
96.8
99.1
89.7
97.9

96.1
96.4
99.1
89.9
96.9

92.6
97.3
98.7
89.5
96.0

91.5
96.3
95.8
88.7
94.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95.9
99.3
96.5
100.2
106.5

93.5
95.9
95.8
93.6
101.7

94.5
95.8
95.4
94.8
104.6

95.1
97.0
95.5
96.6
105.7

96.5
97.8
94.3
98.9
106.3

96.5
99.1
94.9
101.4
107.8

97.1
100.8
96.9
103.7
109.6

91.9
96.9
98.0
101.6
107.9

95.9
101.9
97.3
102.3
107.9

93.5
103.0
99.3
104.7
109.6

99.2
102.3
97.7
98.9
107.3

98.9
102.2
96.5
103.7
105.8

97.8
99.0
95.9
102.4
103.3

1961
1962
1963

106.6
109.6

100.8
105.0
107.6

103.0
106.6
109.5

104.6
107.8
110.9

105.2
108.3
112.6

106.6
110.1
113.6

107.6
112.5

107.8
111.8

109.9
112.1

110.6
111.7

108.1
110.9

108.2
109.4

106.9
108.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1953
1954
1955

30.2
28.3
27.7

31.6
29.4
29.4

30.1
28.3
30.4

32.2
29.0
31.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

29.5
29.9
30.0
29.0
32.2

29.8
33.8

30.9
34.5

31.0
31.3
29.9
32.0
34.6

33.2
35.4

34.4
36.2

29.7
32.6
32.1
33.8
35.4

34.1
35.6

34.2
35.4

32.5
33.9
32.1
32.2
34.5

33.5
33.3

32.5
31.7

31.3
32.6
33.6

32.4
33.6
34.3

33.4
34.4
34.9

33.6
34.5
36.1

34.7
35.6
36.9

35.2
37.0

35.1
36.8

36.1
37.0

36.2
36.7

34.7
36.1

34.7
35.2

33.5
34.6

85.8
80.4
84.8
76.9
81.2

85.1
84.1
85.9
76.6
83.9

83.4
83.5
86.2
76.8
82.7

79.8
84.5
85.7
76.3
81.9

78.9
83.7
82.8
75.7
80.5

1961
1962
1963

32.5
34.4
34.2
35.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1951
19 52
1953
1954
1955

84.9
80.6
85.0
77.1
79.8




86.4
76.7
82.9
77.6
75.2

86.4
78.0
83.8
77.8
76.4

88.6
79.1
85.8
78.4
77.8

89.2
79.7
86.5
78.7
78.6

88.1
79.5
86.1
78.2
80.3

86.4
80.9
87.1
78.0
81.8

80.9
77.5
82.2
74.0
77.2

86

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Suptumbur

October

November

December

GLASS AND GLASSWARE. PRESSED OR BLOWN - SlC 322— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

81.2
84.1
81.2
84.8
89.8

79.2
81.1
79.8
78.7
85.2

80.1
80.6
80.0
79.9
87.9

80.9
82.0
80.1
81.6
89.3

82.1
82.9
78.7
83.7
89.8

81.8
84.1
79.5
86.2
91.2

82.6
85.5
81.6
88.4
92.9

77.5
82.1
82.8
86.3
90.8

81.3
86.7
82.5
86.8
91.3

77.5
87.8
83.9
88.8
93.2

84.6
86.8
83.0
82.8
90.5

84.4
86.6
81.8
87.6
88.8

82.9
83.1
81.0
86.2
86.3

1961
1962
1963

89.5
93.2

84.0
88.6
91.8

86.0
90.2
93.6

87.6
91.3
95.0

88.0
91.7
96.9

89.6
93.6
98.0

90.6
96.0

90.7
95.1

92.8
95.2

93.5
95.6

90.9
94.8

90.9
93.6

89.8
92.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

58.61
61.31
67.20
69.66
74.07

58.51
59.13
63.50
67.94
71.58

57.38
59.65
65.57
69.38
71.74

58.95
60.59
67.13
69.78
73.47

59.28
59.29
67.20
67.84
73.30

57.67
60.37
67.77
69.09
73.30

57.77
60.61
67.72
68.74
74.61

60.45
59.66
66.39
68.40
73.34

57.18
61.69
67.77
70.05
74.43

58.44
62.49
68.46
70.80
74.86

58.41
64.08
68.38
71.53
75.22

59.04
63.99
69.42
72.17
76.43

61.31
64.88
68.64
72.34
76.80

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

78.60
82.74
85.10
88.36
91.94

75.86
81.77
83.92
85.89
89.44

75.84
80.96
83.32
87.60
90.80

78.20
81.16
84.96
89.24
92.29

78.01
80.16
83.21
89.20
89.86

79.40
83.39
84.07
89.47
93.32

79.60
83.18
85.54
88.62
92.86

80.19
83.98
84.02
89.65
92.86

78.38
83.16
85.10
89.65
93.26

74.70
83.10
85.10
84.96
91.01

81.00
82.89
87.20
88.98
92.97

81.18
84.24
86.29
89.27
93.37

81.39
83.71
85.89
88.88
91.49

1961
1962
1963

95.44
98.33

92.90
96.56
100.15

94.24
97.53
100.65

94.64
97.93
100.40

94.80
98.98
98.00

94.72
99.06
100.10

96.32
100.37

95.68
98.00

96.56
98.09

94.09
97.76

96.56
98.49

96.96
99.38

97.36
99.14

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.48
1.56
1.71
1.80
1.88

1.47
1.52
1.62
1.76
1.84

1.46
1.51
1.66
1.77
1.83

1.47
1.53
1.67
1.78
1.86

1.46
1.54
1.71
1.79
1.87

1.46
1.54
1.72
1.79
1.87

1.47
1.55
1.71
1.79
1.87

1.50
1.57
1.72
1.80
1.90

1.47
1.55
1.72
1.81
1.87

1.51
1.59
1.76
1.82
1.90

1.49
1.59
1.74
1.82
1.89

1.51
1.62
1.78
1.86
1.93

1.51
1.61
1.76
1.85
1.92

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.00
2.10
2.16
2.22
2.31

1.95
2.07
2.13
2.18
2.27

1.92
2.06
2.12
2.19
2.27

1.96
2.06
2.14
2.22
2.29

1.99
2.05
2.15
2.23
2.31

2.00
2.09
2.15
2.22
2.31

2.01
2.09
2.16
2.21
2.31

2.03
2.11
2.16
2.23
2.31

2.02
2.10
2.16
2.23
2.32

2.03
2.12
2.16
2.23
2.31

2.03
2.12
2.18
2.23
2.33

2.05
2.16
2.19
2.26
2.34

2.05
2.13
2.18
2.25
2.34

1961
1962
1963

2.38
2.44

2.34
2.42
2.51

2.35
2.42
2.51

2.36
2.43
2.51

2.37
2.45
2.50

2.38
2.44
2.49

2.39
2.46

2.38
2.45

2.39
2.44

2.37
2.45

2.39
2.45

2.40
2.46

2.41
2.46

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.6
39.3
39.3
38.7
39.4

39.8
38.9
39.2
38.6
38.9

39.3
39.5
39.5
39.2
39.2

40.1
39.6
40.2
39.2
39.5

40.6
38.5
39.3
37.9
39.2

39.5
39.2
39.4
38.6
39.2

39.3
39.1
39.6
38.4
39.9

40.3
38.0
38.6
38.0
38.6

38.9
39.8
39.4
38.7
39.8

38.7
39.3
38.9
38.9
39.4

39.2
40.3
39.3
39.3
39.8

39.1
39.5
39.0
38.8
39.6

40.6
40.3
39.0
39.1
40.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.3
39.4
39.4
39.8
39.8

38.9
39.5
39.4
39.4
39.4

39.5
39.3
39.3
40.0
40.0

39.9
39.4
39.7
40.2
40.3

39.2
39.1
38.7
40.0
38.9

39.7
39.9
39.1
40.3
40.4

39.6
39.8
39.6
40.1
40.2

39.5
39.8
38.9
40.2
40.2

38.8
39.6
39.4
40.2
40.2

36.8
39.2
39.4
38.1
39.4

39.9
39.1
40.0
39.9
39.9

39.6
39.0
39.4
39.5
39.9

39.7
39.3
39.4
39.5
39.1

1961
1962
1963

40.1
40.3

39.7
39.9
39.9

40.1
40.3
40.1

40.1
40.3
40.0

40.0
40.4
39.2

39.8
40.6
40.2

40.3
40.8

40.2
40.0

40.4
40.2

39.7
39.9

40.4
40.2

40.4
40.4

40.4
40.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5

3.6
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.3
3.3

3.3
3.7
3 *9
3.3
3.4
3.3

3.4
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.4
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.8
3.5
3.6
3.7

3.1
4.5
3.6
4.0
3.9
5.0

3.5
3.8
4.4
4.1
3.7
3.1

2.6
4.4
3.3
3.7
3.8
4.6




2.9
3.6
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.3

3.4
3.9
3.7
3.3
3.5
3.6

3.6
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.8

3.9
4.1
3.9
3.7
3.8

3.8
4.1
3.7
3.7
3.4

3.9
3.1
3.6
3.8
3.5

6.5
3.8
3.7
3.8
3.5

3.7
3.8
3.6
3.9
3.6

3.8
3.3
3.2
3.7
3.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
2.9
4.9
4.0
4.5
4.4
5.6
4.2
4.6
3.3
5.1
3.4
3.7
4.4
5.2
3.6
4.7
4.0
5.0
4.1
3.9
4.6

3.5
4.1
4.7
3.8
3.4

2.1
2.5
2.7
3.0
3.4

3.2
3.3
2.6
2.8
2.7

2.2
2.5
1.7
2.3
2.5

2.8
2.1
2.0
2.4
2.7

87

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yaar

Annual
A va rag*

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

Suptumbar

October

November Dacambur

GLASS AND GLASSWARE* PRESSED OR BLOWN - SIC 322— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.6
2.1
3.0
3.7
2.6
2.5
3.0
2.0
1.4
2.0
1.7
2.0
2.0
2.9
2.3

2.1
2.6
3.0
2.0
1.5

.9
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.5

1.3
1.6
1.1
1.1
1.1

1.2
1.1
•6
.9
.7

1.0
.7
.3
.7
.8

3.8
3.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.1
4.2
3.0
2.5
2.9
2.7
3.5
3.7
2.9
3.1
3.1
3.3
3.9
3.3
2.9
2.8
3.6
4.6
4.1
2.7
3.6
3.2

2.7
4.0
4.6
3.5
4.7

5.1
4.8
5.5
5.3
6.1

3.6
4.0
4.9
4.8
4.4

3.5
3.9
5.1
3.9
4.1

4.5
3.8
4.5
4.4
4.8

.6
.7
•8
.5
.6
.5

.5
.9
.9
.7
.7
.7

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.7
.8
•8
.9
1.5
1.1
1.3
1.0
.8
1.0
1.1
.7
.9
.9
.8
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.0

1.4
2.2
1.7
1.5
1.5

1.6
2.1
2.0
1.7
1.8

.9
1.2
.9
.9
.9

.8
.8
.6
.8
•6

.6
.5
.5
.6
.5

2.1
1.3
1.0
1.4
1.4
1.9

3.6
1.2
2.5
1.9
2.2
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
2.2
3.1
1.7
1.0
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.3
2.3
1.6
1.2
.9
1.9
2.5
1.4
1.5
1.2

•8
•9
1.7
.9
2.2

3.0
1.7
2.7
2.4
3.3

2.2
2.1
3.1
2.7
2.5

2.3
2.3
3.6
2.1
2.8

3.6
2.7
3.4
3.2
3.5

53.5
53.4
57.8
58.4
60.7
63.2

54.1
54.4
58.3
60.2
61.7
63.9

58.7
62.2
64.1
65.8
67.1

57.9
60.5
62.8
65.3
65.3

56.1
53.5
60.5
61.9
64.5

55.2
57.2
58.5
61.8
63.0

54.9
56.3
56.8
60.8
62.7

23.3
23.7
24.1
25.0

22.2
22.6
23.9
24.0

20.8
19.7
21.8
22.1
23.4

20.6
20.4
22.0
22.5

19.7
19.2
21.1
22.1

51.9
55.2
56.6
58.0
59.1

51.0
53.2
55.5
57.5
57.8

49.4
46.2
53.2
54.1
56.9

48.3
49.9
51.2
53.9
55.5

48.0
48.9
49.4
53.1
54.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.0
1.7
1.3
1.5

•8
1.2
1.2
.7
•8
1.0

.8
1.6
1.6
.9
.9
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
3.6
3.9
3 .8
4.1

5.4
4.4
3.4
5.2
3.7
3.7

3.0
2.5
2.6
2.6
3.1
3.2

4.5
2.6
4.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.8
1.2
1.0
.9
1.0

•6
.7
.9
.8
.7
.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
1.7
2.1
2.1
2.2

4.4
3.2
1.7
3.6
1.8
1.9

NEW HIRES
1.0
2.2
1.6
1.1
2.0
2.3

.9
2.1
1.5
1.4
1.7
1.8

GLASS CONTAINERS - SIC 3221
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

55.7
57.2
60.0
62.0
63.7

53.4
53.2
56.1
57.4
60.0
62.6

53.7
56.3
59.0
61.1
62.0
65.3

55.3
58.0
60.7
62.7
63.6
66.8

57.4
60.4
62.5
63.9
66.5

58.5
61.4
63.4
65.0
67.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.6
21.6
22.2
22.8

18.6
18.0
19.6
19.6
20.6
21.6

18.4
20.7
20.3
21.1
21.9

19.1
21.0
21.4
21.7
22.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

48.9
50.1
52.7
54.4
56.0

46.3
46.3
48.8
50.1
52.2
54.8

46.6
46.5
50.5
51.0
52.9
55.4

47.3
47.5
51.0
52.8
53.9
56.1

1947
1948
1949
1950

49.53
51.78
53.53
56.07

48.27
50.31
52.79
55.00

46.60
50.71
53.64
54.65

47.00
51.49
53.08
54.51

47.56
51.23
52.63
55.14

47.20
50.73
54.25
54.71

51.13
49.85
54.03
54.95

48.20
48.67
53.84
55.12

49.32
51.68
53.31
53.04

50.26
54.05
51.31
54.39

51.09
54.96
54.54
60.89

55.90
53.27
54.35
59.64

52.18
53.08
53.96
59.99

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

60.25
62.81
69.25
72.10
75.81

60.85
60.45
65.01
69.99
72.34

58.56
60.45
66.30
72.18
73.84

59.70
61.46
68.71
72.44
76.02

60.94
60.29
70.22
72.15
76.22

60.15
61.54
71.10
73.02
76.59

59.55
61.78
70.88
72.47
77.16

61.26
61.62
67.38
70.62
75.83

58.35
63.11
70.80
73.08
76.78

59.21
64.48
68.53
71.04
75.64

60.74
65.36
70.45
73.26
76.00

61.75
65.29
71.73
73.26
76.43

64.17
66.75
72.14
73.47
77.38

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

80.19
84.59
86.83
88.53
91.77

75.08
84.02
85.44
87.16
88.65

76.22
82.37
86.28
87.60
89.50

79.99
82.37
87.10
89.87
91.83

80.58
62.39
86.80
90.23
89.40

83.03
85.67
87.67
90.94
94.42

82.41
85.22
88.54
89.28
94.19

83.21
86.03
86.37
90.09
94.71

80.52
85.20
87.85
90.50
94.42

72.92
84.32
86.15
82.36
90.62

82.21
84.32
88.07
86.85
91.48

82.80
86.24
86.80
87.30
92.57

82.40
84.77
86.55
89.50
92.20

1961
1962
1963

96.80
100.12

93.67
98.25
99.35

95.47
98.49
100.35

96.29
98.58
100.10

97.27
100.94
100.25

98.16
101.76
101.18

98.40
102.18

96.32
100.94

97.68
100.78

94.72
99.05

96.96
99.88

96.48
99.88

98.17
101.68

18.8
20.1
21.4
21.7
21.7
23.0

21.1
22.4
22.6
22.8
24.0

22.4
23.3
23.3
24.4

21.6
23.0
23.5
23.7
24.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS — IN THOUSANDS
46.8
49.4
51.7
53.6
54.2
57.5

48.5
51.0
53.4
55.1
55.9
59.0

50.6
53.3
55.2
56.3
58.7

51.6
54.3
55.9
57.2
59.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




88

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

GLASS CONTAINERS - SIC 3221— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.226
1.311
1.369
1.416

1.189
1.290
1.382
1.396

1.165
1.297
1.379
1.387

1.172
1.297
1.361
1.380

1.183
1.284
1.367
1.382

1.180
1.281
1.370
1.361

1.235
1.275
1.361
1.367

1.236
1.274
1.377
1.399

1.233
1.292
1.353
1.374

1.279
1.358
1.383
1.474

1.274
1.357
1.360
1.496

1.288
1.359
1.369
1.480

1.282
1.368
1.373
1.474

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.51
1.59
1.74
1.83
1.90

1.51
1.55
1.65
1.79
1.85

1.49
1.55
1.67
1.80
1.86

1.50
1.56
1.68
1.82
1.91

1.49
1.57
1.76
1.85
1.92

1.50
1.57
1.76
1.83
1.91

1.50
1.58
1.75
1.83
1.91

1.52
1.58
1.75
1.82
1.91

1.50
1.57
1.77
1.85
1.91

1.55
1.62
1.78
1.85
1.91

1.53
1.63
1.77
1.85
1.90

1.54
1.62
i.78
1.85
1.93

1.55
1.64
1.79
1.86
1.92

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.03
2.12
2.16
2.23
2.30

1.95
2.09
2.12
2.19
2.25

1.92
2.08
2.12
2.19
2.26

1.98
2.08
2.14
2.23
2.29

2.04
2.07
2.17
2.25
2.31

2.05
2.11
2.17
2.24
2.32

2.05
2.12
2.17
2.21
2.32

2.07
2.14
2.17
2.23
2.31

2.07
2.13
2.18
2.24
2.32

2.06
2.14
2.17
2.22
2.30

2.05
2.14
2.18
2.21
2.31

2.07
2.14
2.17
2.25
2.32

2.06
2.13
2.18
2.26
2.34

1961
1962
1963

2.39
2.46

2.33
2.42
2.49

2.34
2.42
2.49

2.36
2.44
2.49

2.39
2.48
2.50

2.40
2.47
2.48

2.40
2.48

2.39
2.48

2.40
2.47

2.38
2.47

2.40
2.46

2.40
2.46

2.43
2.48

1947
1948
1949
1950

40.4
39.5
39.1
39.6

40.6
39.0
38.2
39.4

40.0
39.1
38.9
39.4

40.1
39.7
39.0
39.5

40.2
39.9
38.5
39.9

40.0
39.6
39.6
40.2

41.4
39.1
39.7
40.2

39.0
38.2
39.1
39.4

40.0
40.0
39.4
38.6

39.3
39.8
37.1
36.9

40.1
40.5
40.1
40.7

43.4
39.2
39.7
40.3

40.7
38.8
39.3
40.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.9
39.5
39.8
39.4
39.9

40.3
39.0
39.4
39.1
39.1

39.3
39.0
39.7
40.1
39.7

39.8
39.4
40.9
39.8
39.8

40.9
38.4
39.9
39.0
39.7

40.1
39.2
40.4
39.9
40.1

39.7
39.1
40.5
39.6
40.4

40.3
39.0
38.5
38.8
39.7

38.9
40.2
40.0
39.5
40.2

38.2
39.8
38.5
38.4
39.6

39.7
40.1
39.8
39.6
40.0

40.1
40.3
40.3
39.6
39.6

41.4
40.7
40.3
39.5
40.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.5
39.9
40.2
39.7
39.9

38.5
40.2
40.3
39.8
39.4

39.7
39.6
40.7
40.0
39.6

40.4
39.6
40.7
40.3
40.1

39.5
39.8
40.0
40.1
38.7

40.5
40.6
40.4
40.6
40.7

40.2
40.2
40.8
40.4
40.6

40.2
40.2
39.8
40.4
41.0

38.9
40.0
40.3
40.4
40.7

35.4
39.4
39.7
37.1
39.4

40.1
39.4
40.4
39.3
39.6

40.0
40.3
40.0
38.8
39.9

40.0
39.8
39.7
39.6
39.4

1961
1962
1963

40.5
40.7

40.2
40.6
39.9

40.8
40.7
40.3

40.8
40.4
40.2

40.7
40.7
40.1

40.9
41.2
40.8

41.0
41.2

40.3
40.7

40.7
40.8

39.8
40.1

40.4
40.6

40.2
40.6

40.4
41.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.5
4.1
3.8
3.8
4.0

4.6
3.7
4.7
5.0
4.8
5.5

4.4
4.5
5.4
4.7
4.0
3.2

2.8
5.1
3.4
4.8
4.2
4.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.3
4.3
5.8
3.5
5.3
5.1
5.0
7.2
4.2
6.4
3.8
6.3
4.3
5.3
4.5
3.8
5.9
6.2
4.7
4.6
4.7
5.5

3.3
3.8
3.8
3.8
2.4

1.9
1.7
2.2
2.5
3.4

2.1
3.1
1.8
2.3
2.3

1.8
2.7
1.4
2.4
2.5

3.0
2.2
2.2
2.3
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.2
2.0
1.7
1.8

1.2
1.2
1.5
1.0
•9
1.3

1.0
1.4
1.7
1.3
1.0
1.6

1.0
2.0
1.5
2.2
2.1
2.0

NEW HIRES
1.6
2.4
2.3
1.7
2.6
2.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.5
2.0
2.7
3.5
3.7
5.2
3.6
4.6
2.8
2.6
2.1
2.9
2.5
4.0
2.8
3.0

2.3
2.9
2.7
2.8
1.7

1.0
1.0
1.6
1.2
1.7

1.0
1.0
.9
1.0
1.0

.7
.9
•6
1.0
.7

•9
.7
•4
.7
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.1
4.2
3.9
4.6

4.5
5.2
3.8
3.6
4.0
4.1

2.3
2.7
3.1
2.5
3.6
4.0

4.5
3.0
4.6
2.9
4.5
3.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
3.4
2.3
2.6
2.9
2.6
3.3
3.6
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.7
2.6
3.9
2.5
2.8
4.8
2.6
3.6
4.1
4.0
3.1

3.1
4.7
4.4
3.8
5.1

5.3
6.0
6.5
6.8
7.7

4.7
5.7
6.4
5.8
5.3

3.8
4.9
5.9
4.8
4.5

4.6
4.4
4.9
4.9
5.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.3

•6
.8
1.1
.9
1.0

•6
•8
1.1
•6
•8
•6

.6
1.0
1.1
.9
.8
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
.7
.8
1.0
1.0
1.8
1.8
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.4
1.0
1.2
1.1
.9
1.5
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3

1.8
2.8
2.2
2.0
2.0

2.1
2.9
2.8
2.4
2.5

1.2
1.5
1.1
1.2
1.2

•8
1.0
.7
1.1
.9

.6
•6
•6
•8
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
1.8
2.1
1.9
2.5

3.4
3.8
1.9
1.9
2.1
2.1

1.3
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.8
2.8

3.4
1.2
2.5
1.2
3.0
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•8
1.4
2.1
1.1
.6
•4
.8
1.2
•6
.5
.6
•8
.9
2.1
•6
.9
.7
1.7
2.4
1.1
1.0
1.7

•6
.8
1.1
•8
2.2

2.7
2.1
3.0
3.2
4.3

3.0
3.3
4.6
3.7
3.2

2.6
3.0
4.4
2.8
3.1

3.5
3.0
3.8
3.5
4.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




1.0

89

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A pril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

PRESSED AND BLOWN GLASSWARE, N.E.C. - SIC 3229
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.7
43.0
46.4
44.6
45.9

42.4
40.4
45.6
43.4
45.0
45.0

41.9
41.4
46.8
44.6
45.9
46.3

41.4
42.2
47.4
44.4
46.1
47.0

40.6
42.6
47.3
44.1
46.3
47.3

39.6
43.4
47.1
43.9
46.5
46.8

39.5
43.3
47.1
43.7
46.0

39.5
40.2
44.5
42.8
44.4

38.6
40.1
43.8
44.1
45.0

41.4
44.2
46.8
45.3
46.4

41.6
45.4
46.8
46.2
46.4

41.3
46.5
47.3
46.4
46.4

41.0
46.1
46.5
46.1
46.0

10.8
11.9
12.0
12.0

12.0
12.8
12.3
12.7

11.3
12.5
12.7
12.6
12.7

12.9
12.9
12.7
12.7

12.8
12.5
12.4
12.5

30.6
31.6
34.7
34.8
36.1

32.9
35.6
37.7
36.0
37.8

33.6
36.6
37.3
36.8
37.9

33.5
37.7
37.6
37.0
38.1

33.0
37.3
36.9
36.7
37.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

11.8
12.8
12.1
12.5

11.4
11.0
12.6
11.7
12.0
12.0

11.4
13.1
12.1
12.5
12.4

11.8
13.5
12.0
12.7
12.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

32.4
34.6
37.1
35.1
37.2

33.5
32.4
36.4
33.9
36.4
37.0

33.4
33.4
37.4
35.0
37.3
38.2

32.8
34.1
38.3
34.8
37.4
38.9

11.1
11.9
13.2
11.9
12.8
13.1

12.1
13.0
12.1
12.8
12.9

12.0
12.9
11.9
12.6

10.5
10.8
11.9
11.4
12.2

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS
31.9
34.3
38.1
34.4
37.5
39.4

31.0
35.2
37.8
34.5
37.7
39.0

31.0
35.1
37.7
34.3
37.3

31.2
32.0
34.9
33.5
35.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

44.39
46.52
49.16
52.53

42.86
43.50
49.72
50.23

42.19
45.63
49.58
49.75

45.14
47.67
49.81
50.14

44.12
46.72
47.97
48.74

43.85
47.03
49.11
49.82

43.45
46.46
47.95
49.12

43.24
43.95
46.67
48.79

42.03
46.12
48.02
50.47

45.40
45.69
49.39
55.44

46.18
48.20
49.48
56.96

46.79
47.16
50.12
59.83

47.55
50.63
50.48
57.55

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

56.06
59.43
63.91
66.35
71.39

55.66
56.89
,60.92
65.02
70.25

55.66
58.40
63.73
65.36
69.09

57.23
58.90
64.85
65.88
69.81

56.68
57.90
63.14
62.24
68.74

54.71
58.80
63.03
63.66
68.22

54.95
58.89
63.36
63.66
70.77

58.69
56.21
64.24
65.14
68.44

55.10
59.58
63.30
65.25
70.38

56.70
59.60
67.60
70.31
72.93

55.44
62.22
65.23
68.68
73.68

55.33
62.15
66.38
70.50
76.24

57.42
62.09
63.95
70.25
75.64

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

76.05
79.72
81.70
88.58
92.10

75.85
77.95
81.53
84.41
90.23

75.46
78.58
79.66
88.22
92.97

75.66
78.78
81.96
88.40
93.38

73.92
77.16
78.23
87.78
90.16

73.92
79.56
78.65
87.38
91.60

74.69
79.58
80.30
87.34
91.08

73.91
79.76
79.45
88.75
89.63

74.30
78.97
80.35
88.58
91.18

77.22
80.73
83.42
89.10
91.57

79.40
80.88
85.28
91.58
95.11

78.00
80.94
85.69
92.34
94.56

79.58
81.66
85.19
88.48
90.95

1961
1962
1963

93.62
95.83

91.80
94.77
100.69

92.28
95.92
100.44

92.04
96.64
100.44

91.18
96.16
94.88

89.15
95.52
98.25

92.90
97.04

94.16
93.51

94.80
94.32

93.46
95.68

95.91
96.47

97.03
98.00

96.32
95.89

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.144
1.221
1.297
1.347

1.122
1.195
1.288
1.315

1.131
1.204
1.298
1.299

1.120
1.210
1.304
1.299

1.103
1.201
1.286
1.286

1.113
1.206
1.306
1.294

1.114
1.210
1.289
1.303

1.138
1.204
1.300
1.308

1.112
1.198
1.284
1.294

1.164
1.212
1.293
1.393

1.178
1.236
1.292
1.410

1.228
1.278
1.319
1.470

1.210
1.295
1.301
1.428

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.43
1.52
1.66
1.76
1.84

1.42
1.47
1.57
1.72
1.82

1.42
1.46
1.63
1.72
1.79

1.42
1.48
1.65
1.72
1.79

1.41
1.50
1.64
1.71
1.79

1.41
1.50
1.65
1.73
1.80

1.42
1.51
1.65
1.73
1.81

1.46
1.54
1.66
1.77
1.87

1.42
1.52
1.64
1.74
1.80

1.45
1.54
1.72
1.78
1.87

1.44
1.54
1.69
1.77
1.87

1.46
1.61
1.77
1.87
1.93

1.45
1.56
1.71
1.82
1.91

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.95
2.06
2.15
2.22
2.32

1.93
2.03
2.14
2.17
2.29

1.92
2.02
2.13
2.20
2.29

1.93
2.02
2.14
2.21
2.30

1.91
2.02
2.12
2.20
2.30

1.92
2.04
2.12
2.19
2.29

1.93
2.03
2.13
2.20
2.30

1.94
2.04
2.13
2.23
2.31

1.92
2.03
2.12
2.22
2.32

1.97
2.07
2.15
2.25
2.33

2.00
2.09
2.17
2.25
2.36

2.00
2.17
2.22
2.28
2.37

2.03
2.11
2.19
2.24
2.35

1961
1962
1963

2.37
2.42

2.36
2.43
2.53

2.36
2.41
2.53

2.36
2.41
2.53

2.35
2.41
2.51

2.34
2.40
2.50

2.37
2.42

2.36
2.41

2.37
2.40

2.36
2.41

2.38
2.43

2.39
2.45

2.39
2.44

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

38.8
38.1
37.9
39.0

38.2
36.4
38.6
38.2

37.3
37.9
38.2
38.3

40.3
39.4
38.2
38.6

40.0
38.9
37.3
37.9

39.4
39.0
37.6
38.5

39.0
38.4
37.2
37.7

38.0
36.5
35.9
37.3

37.8
38.5
37.4
39.0

39.0
37.7
38.2
39.8

39.2
39.0
38.3
40.4

38.1
36.9
38.0
40.7

39.3
39.1
38.8
40.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

39.2
39.1
38.5
37.7
38.8

39.2
38.7
38.8
37.8
38.6

39.2
40.0
39.1
38.0
38.6

40.3
39.8
39.3
38.3
39.0

40.2
38.6
38.5
36.4
38.4

38.8
39.2
38.2
36.8
37.9

38.7
39.0
38.4
36.8
39.1

40.2
36.5
38.7
36.8
36.6

38.8
39.2
38.6
37.5
39.1

39.1
38.7
39.3
39.5
39.0

38.5
40.4
38.6
38.8
39.4

37.9
38.6
37.5
37.7
39.5

39.6
39.8
37.4
38.6
39.6




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

90

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

PRESSED AND BLOWN GLASSWARE, N.E.C. - SIC 3229— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

39.0
38.7
38.0
39.9
39.7

39.3
38.4
38.1
38.9
39.4

39.3
38.9
37.4
40.1
40.6

39.2
39.0
38.3
40.0
40.6

38.7
38.2
36.9
39.9
39.2

38.5
39.0
37.1
39.9
40.0

38.7
39.2
37.7
39.7
39.6

38.1
39.1
37.3
39.8
38.8

38.7
38.9
37.9
39.9
39.3

39.2
39.0
38.8
39.6
39.3

39.7
38.7
39.3
40.7
40.3

39.0
37.3
38.6
40.5
39.9

39.2
38.7
38.9
39.5
38.7

1961
1962
1963

39.5
39.6

38.9
39.0
39.8

39.1
39.8
39.7

39.0
40.1
39.7

38.8
39.9
37.8

38.1
39.8
39.3

39.2
40.1

39.9
38.8

40.0
39.3

39.6
39.7

40.3
39.7

40.6
40.0

40.3
39.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
3.4
3.0
3.3
3.2

1.1
5.5
2.3
2.6
2.7
4.3

2.4
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.3
2.9

2.2
3.6
3.0
2.2
3.4
4.3

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
1.9
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.4
3.5
2.9
2.4
3.5
2.1
2.8
3.1
3.0
6.2
3.3
2.7
3.0
3.7
3.3
2.8
3.4

3.7
4.5
6.1
3.8
4.9

2.4
3.5
3.4
3.7
3.4

4.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.3

2.8
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.4

2.5
1.9
1.7
2.6
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.7
1.2
.6

.4
1.1
•8
.4
•8
•6

.6
1.7
1.4
.4
.7
1.1

.6
2.1
1.5
•3
1.2
1.6

NEW HIRES
.4
1.9
•8
.2
1.2
1.4

1.7
2.1
3.5
1.3

.9
1.9
1.1
1.3
1.2

1.6
2.3
1.3
1.1
1.3

1.9
1.3
.5
.7
.6

1.1
•6
.3
.7
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
2.9
3.5
3.7
3.4

6.5
3.4
2.9
7.2
3.2
3.2

3.9
2.2
1.9
2.8
2.3
2.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
4.5
5.4
4.1
2.3
2.8
2.8
3.7
3.8
2.2
3.6
2.8
3.7
3.5
3.8
4.0
3.9
4.4
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.8
5.3
3.2
3.5
2.9
3.2
3.2

2.2
2.9
4.8
3.0
4.1

4.8
3.2
4.1
3.1
3.7

2.2
2.0
2.8
3.4
3.2

3.0
2.6
4.0
2.8
3.5

4.4
3.2
4.0
3.8
3.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
.8
•6
.5
•6

•6
•6
.5
.4
.5
•6

.5
.7
.5
.3
.4
•4

.4
.7
.7
.4
•6
.4

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.3
.5
.5
.5
•8
•8
.9
1.0
•6
.5
•6
.7
.5
.3
.5
.5
.7
•6
.6
•6
.7
.7

•8
1.2

.9
1.0

.9
.7
.8

•6
•8
.6
.6
•6

.7
.5
.4
.5
•3

.5
•4
.3
•3
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
1.6
2.0
2.2
1.8

5.6
2.5
1.6
5.8
1.4
1.6

3.1
1.2
.7
1.7
.8
.7

3.8
1.2
2.4
2.7
1.1
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.1
4.5
3.0
1.4
1.9
1.7
2.5
1.5
1.4
2.3
1.8
2.3
2.9
1.6
1.8
2.7
1.3
1.7
1.2
3.7
1.3
1.5

2.1

3.4
1.2
2.2
1.2
1.9

1.2
.6
1.3
1.5
1.5

1.9
1.6
2.6
1.3
2.3

3.6
2.3
3.0
2.7
2.4

1.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
.4
1.2
1.6
1.3
2.1
1.1
•8
.9
.4
•6
.5
•8
1.2
1.1
1.3

1.0

1. 0

.6
.7

1.1
1.0

2.5
1. 0

CEMENT, HYDRAULIC - SIC 324
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

26.2
27.7

21.2
22.7

21.6
21.8

23.9
23.5

26.3
26.9

26.7
28.3

28.1
29.0

28.6
29.0

28.5
30.2

28.0
30.5

28.1
30.8

27.5
30.2

26.0
29.4

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

32.4
35.7
30.7
23.5
24.2

26.5
33.3
34.3
25.0
22.5

27.2
32.9
32.5
23.5
21.9

28.8
33.9
31.8
22.9
21.9

30.8
34.7
31.5
23.0
22.1

32.7
35.8
31.1
22.9
22.2

33.3
36.6
31.2
23.2
22.9

34.7
37.0
30.8
23.7
23.8

35.3
37.5
30.6
23.9
24.6

35.4
37.5
29.6
23.6
26.1

34.8
36.6
29.2
23.4
27.3

35.1
36.6
28.5
23.3
26.9

34.5
36.0
27.5
23.4
28.2

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

34.4
38.1
40.4
40.3
39.8

28.9
37.0
39.5
40.6
39.7

29.5
37.1
39.3
40.4
38.9

31.1
37.2
39.5
40.2
38.5

32.8
37.8
39.8
40.5
39.3

33.7
32.8
40.1
40.6
39.9

35.3
38.1
40.7
41.0
40.3

36.4
38.5
41.1
41.1
39.5

37.3
39.6
41.1
40.9
40.7

37.1
39.9
40.4
40.7
40.1

36.7
39.8
41.1
38.8
40.7

36.8
39.9
41.3
38.9
40.4

37.4
39.8
41.0
40.2
40.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.6
40.0
41.8
41.4
42.6

39.6
40.4
41.0
41.2
41.7

39.6
40.0
41.1
40.8
41.5

39.9
40.2
41.1
41.1
41.6

40.0
39.8
41.2
40.9
41.9

40.3
39.0
41.7
40.3
42.2

41.0
37.8
41.7
39.2
42.9

41.3
37.3
42.5
42.4
43.4

41.5
41.1
42.7
42.5
43.4

41.2
40.7
42.5
42.5
43.4

40.9
41.2
42.0
42.4
43.1

40.8
40.8
42.3
42.0
43.1

4C.6
41.1
42.0
41.9
43.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

44.0
43.6
44.4
43.9
42.8

42.9
43.8
43.7
41.5
41.9

42.2
43.9
42.7
40.6
40.4

42.4
44.2
42.5
42.7
41.0

43.2
44.1
43.7
44.2
43.2

43.8
44.7
45.1
44.8
44.3

44.6
43.7
45.7
45.5
45.2

44.6
31.4
45.2
45.7
45.3

45.2
44.2
45.2
45.9
45.1

45.0
46.0
45.6
45.4
44.0

44.8
45.6
45.2
43.2
42.8

44.6
45.8
44.7
44.0
41.0

44.6
45.3
44.0
43.4
39.5

1961
1962
1963

40.2
40.1

38.0
37.7
37.0

36.5
36.4
35.4

37.6
36.8
36.3

40.1
39.5
40.0

41.0
40.6
41.0

42.3
42.0

42.5
42.2

41.9
42.4

41.3
42.2

40.9
41.6

40.6
41.1

39.2
38.7




91

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

April

March

May

June

August

July

Suptumbur

October

November

December

CEMENT. HYDRAULIC - SIC 324— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

1.0

1.0

.9

.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0

1.0
.9
1.1
1.1
1.0

1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

l.l
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.2

1.1
1.2

1.1
1.2

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.1
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1961
1962
1963

1.2
1.2

1.1
1.1
1.2

1.1
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.1
1.1

1939
1940

21.8
23.2

17.6
18.9

18.0
18.2

19.9
19.6

21.9
22.5

22.2
23.7

23.4
24.3

23.8
24.3

23.7
25.3

23.3
25.6

23.4
25.9

22.9
25.4

21.6
24.8

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

27.6
30.8
26.7
19.9
20.4

22.4
28.5
29.8
21.5
18.9

23.0
28.2
28.2
20.1
18.4

24.4
29.0
27.7
19.5
18.4

26.1
29.8
27.4
19.6
18.5

27.7
30.8
27.1
19.4
18.6

28.3
31.5
27.2
19.6
19.2

29.5
31.9
26.9
20.0
19.9

30.0
32.4
26.7
20.1
20.7

30.2
32.4
25.7
19.9
22.0

29.7
31.7
25.3
19.7
23.0

30.0
31.7
24.6
19.6
22.8

2 2.5
31.2
23.7
19.7
23.9

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

29.7
33.0
35.0
34.8
34.1

24.6
32.2
34.2
35.0
34.1

25.2
32.1
34.2
34.9
33.3

26.6
32.1
34.2
34.7
32.8

28.2
32.7
34.4
35.0
33.6

29.0
27.8
34.7
35.0
34.0

3Q.5
33.0
35.2
35.3
34.5

31.5
33.2
35.8
35.6
33.7

32.5
34.5
35.6
35.3
35.1

32.2
34.8
34.9
35.0
34.5

31.8
34.6
35.6
33.4
35.0

31.9
34.6
35.9
33.3
34.7

32.4
34.6
35.5
34.7
34.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

34.8
33.9
35.3
34.8
35.8

33.9
34.5
34.6
34.6
35.0

33.9
34.2
34.7
34.2
34.9

34.2
34.3
34.6
34.5
34.9

34.4
33.8
34.7
34.2
35.2

34.5
33.0
35.2
33.7
35.4

35.3
31.8
35.0
32.5
36.1

35.4
31.3
35.8
35.7
36.5

35.6
34.9
36.0
35.8
36.5

35.3
34.6
36.0
35.7
36.6

35.1
35.1
35.5
35.7
36.3

34.9
34.6
35.7
35.2
36.3

34.8
34.9
35.2
35.2
36.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

37.1
36.4
36.7
36.2
34.9

36.0
37.0
36.0
34.0
34.2

35.3
36.9
35.0
33.1
32.6

35.6
37.1
34.7
35.0
33.2

36.4
37.0
35.8
36.5
35.4

36.8
37.5
37.3
37.1
36.3

37.6
36.4
37.8
37.7
37.1

37.6
24.4
37.4
37.9
37.1

38.3
37.0
37.4
38.1
37.1

37.9
38.6
37.8
37.6
36.1

37.9
38.2
37.5
35.5
34.9

37.7
38.4
36.9
36.2
33.1

37.6
37.8
36.3
35.6
31.7

1961
1962
1963

32.3
32.1

30.3
29.8
29.1

28.8
28.5
27.5

29.8
28.9
28.4

32.3
31.4
31.8

33.2
32.6
32.7

34.5
34.0

34.6
34.2

34.0
34.5

33.5
34.1

33.1
33.6

32.7
33.1

31.3
3C.7

1933
1934
1935

15.41
18.01
19.63

13.96
15.17
17.79

14.19
15.87
18.10

14.37
16.59
18.39

13.48
18.58
19.38

15.15
18.47
19.61

15.48
19.85
20.26

15.78
19.52
19.96

17.25
18.72
20.19

15.78
18.47
20.55

17.18
18.80
20.13

16.07
18.56
20.33

14.82
17.70
20.95

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

22.81
25.98
25.49
26.88
27.66

18.67
22.50
22.64
24.67
25.13

18.91
23.20
23.22
24.94
24.89

21.71
25.31
24.15
25.78
26.12

22.18
26.37
25.17
26.08
27.03

22.87
26.81
27.61
26.63
28.15

23.44
27.69
26.75
27.50
27.79

23.71
26.80
26.30
27.05
27.31

24.20
28.40
26.26
27.64
28.07

24.11
26.93
26.14
27.30
29.39

24.39
27.04
26.20
2e.70
28.70

25.30
26.16
26.36
27.26
28.40

24.41
24.54
25.56
27.44
29.04

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

30.95
34.28
37.66
41.22
43.70

27.19
31.40
34.97
37.33
41.66

27.30
32.32
34.26
38.45
42.09

27.52
32.92
34.97
38.89
43.10

29.25
32.97
36.45
39.95
45.32

31.68
33.46
37.97
40.95
44.60

32.79
34.53
38.32
41.40
45.65

31.91
34.43
38.39
41.34
46.66

32.63
35.23
39.83
43.11
44.92

32.32
35.50
39.22
42.77
43.29

32.79
36.25
40.14
44.79
43.96

31.92
36.85
39.52
43.57
42.89

31.92
34.64
39.03
42.50
41.07

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

44.12
49.44
54.72
57.35
59.95

39.67
44.91
51.01
55.42
57.41

40.47
44.70
50.92
55.15
57.59

41.86
45.24
51.70
55.54
57.33

43.76
45.96
52.88
56.18
58.74

43.68
44.79
55.55
57.55
58.99

43.06
51.62
56.28
58.66
60.13

44.58
51.91
56.49
57.93
61.15

45.64
52.66
57.21
58.22
60.98

46.99
52.54
56.43
59.01
61.51

45.83
52.37
56.21
59.26
61.45

46.08
53.12
55.54
57.52
61.95

46.05
51.83
55.40
57.67
62.28

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

65.05
67. 55
73.22
75.53
78.66

62.21
65.10
70.79
73.34
76.41

62.82
65.78
70.38
73.87
75.76

63.84
65.16
71.23
73.63
75.76

63.80
65.57
71.06
73.87
76.59

65.36
65.99
72.21
73.80
77.87

65.47
65.76
73.81
76.91
80.29

65.67
67.78
76.08
78.25
81.73

66.52
68.46
75.00
76.18
79.30

66.72
69.06
77.56
80.03
82.57

66.36
69.80
74.64
76.73
79.49

65.31
71.06
72.57
75.95
78.31

65.16
71.06
73.28
75.35
78.50

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




92

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

O ctober

Novem ber December

CEMENT* HYDRAULIC - SIC 324— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

83.84
87.48
93.09
98.98
102.87

78.88
86.52
89.38
92.98
99.54

78.50
84.25
87.02
93.93
97.66

78.50
85.07
86.97
95.27
97.42

78.14
84.45
89.60
96.63
101.43

82.00
84.45
91.13
97.58
104.30

85.28
86.30
91.88
98.47
105.88

87.57
82.94
95.24
100.67
106.97

86.53
91.17
95.75
101.02
103.83

90.31
93.07
97.75
106.17
105.44

86.53
90.27
96.46
99.72
105.01

85.90
91.13
97.58
103.25
105.67

85.28
89.87
95.18
100.61
103.06

1961
1962
1963

106.52
112.75

101.65
106.40
112.16

100.74
105.60
111.63

102.94
107.46
112.87

103.46
110.02
119.99

105.56
113.85
116.48

107.16
114.12

109.06
117.60

108.79
115.93

111.92
116.62

109.88
114.26

110.68
115.21

105.87
111.50

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1933
1934
1935

.456
.549
.574

.439
.525
.587

•421
.517
.580

.407
.520
.571

.411
.545
•565

•403
.558
•565

.399
•553
.569

.413
•556
.567

.490
•564
.567

.514
•563
.579

.527
.563
•580

.520
.559
.576

.533
•560
.577

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.582
.656
.689
.700
.711

.587
•608
•686
.691
.702

.580
•609
.687
.689
.705

.579
•628
•686
.693
.704

.573
•648
.684
.690
.702

•569
•662
.685
.697
.709

.576
•664
•686
.698
.707

.584
.670
.694
.708
.715

•586
.673
.693
.707
.716

•588
.680
.697
.711
.724

.585
.676
•693
.707
.714

.587
.676
.690
.699
.710

.594
.678
•689
.700
.710

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.766
•834
.882
•918
.950

.710
.795
.855
.891
.932

.709
.794
.848
.890
.927

.711
.799
•855
.894
.937

.717
•806
.872
•908
.950

.767
•816
•885
.914
.943

.777
•836
.889
.920
.953

.784
•848
.897
.931
.970

.792
.853
.887
.927
.966

.796
.870
.912
.942
.962

.792
•861
.904
.939
.962

.796
.861
.892
.933
.949

.792
.847
.887
.924
.942

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.043
1.180
1.306
1.382
1.441

.940
1.077
1.238
1.342
1.407

.950
1.077
1.227
1.329
1.391

.978
1.085
1.231
1.335
1.395

1.013
1.089
1.265
1.357
1.412

1.035
1.134
1.304
1.380
1*418

1.040
1.206
1.318
1.400
1.435

1.069
1.233
1.345
1.413
1.470

1.079
1.239
1.343
1.403
1.452

1.098
1.257
1.363
1.422
1.475

1.081
1.244
1.348
1.411
1.470

1.092
1.247
1.348
1.403
1.475

1.086
1.234
1.335
1.393
1.490

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.56
1.62
1.76
1.82
1.90

1.51
1.58
1.71
1.78
1.85

1.51
1.57
1.70
1.78
1.83

1.52
1.57
1.70
1.77
1.83

1.53
1.58
1.70
1.78
1.85

1.56
1.59
1.74
1.80
1.89

1.57
1.60
1.77
1.84
1.93

1.59
1.61
1.82
1.89
1.96

1.58
1.63
1.79
1.84
1.92

1.60
1.66
1.86
1.91
1.98

1.58
1.65
1.79
1.84
1.92

1.57
1.70
1.77
1.83
1.91

1.57
1.70
1.77
1.82
1.91

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.03
2.16
2.31
2.42
2.54

1.91
2.10
2.24
2.36
2.47

1.91
2.07
2.22
2.36
2.46

1.91
2.08
2.23
2.37
2.46

1.92
2.08
2.24
2.38
2.48

2.00
2.08
2.25
2.38
2.55

2.08
2.11
2.28
2.39
2.57

2.10
2.20
2.34
2.42
2.59

2.09
2.24
2.37
2.44
2.57

2.13
2.27
2.39
2.54
2.61

2.09
2.24
2.37
2.45
2.58

2.09
2.25
2.38
2.50
2.59

2.08
2.23
2.35
2.46
2.57

1961
1962
1963

2.63
2.75

2.58
2.68
2.79

2.57
2.66
2.77

2.58
2.66
2.78

2.58
2.69
2.85

2.60
2.75
2.80

2.62
2.77

2.66
2.80

2.66
2.78

2.71
2.81

2.68
2.78

2.68
2.81

2.66
2.76

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1933
1934
1935

33.8
32.8
34.2

31.8
28.9
30.3

33.7
30.7
31.2

35.3
31.9
32.2

32.8
34.1
34.3

37.6
33.1
34.7

38.8
35.9
35.6

38.2
35.1
35.2

35.2
33*2
35.6

30.7
32.8
35.5

32.6
33.4
34.7

30.9
33.2
35.3

27.8
31.6
36.3

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

39.2
39.6
37.0
38.4
38.9

31.8
37.0
33.0
35.7
35.8

32.6
38.1
33.8
36.2
35.3

37.5
40.3
35.2
37.2
37.1

38.7
40.7
36.8
37.8
38.5

40.2
40.5
40.3
38.2
39.7

40.7
41.7
39.0
39.4
39.3

40.6
40.0
37.9
38.2
38.2

41.3
42.2
37.9
39.1
39.2

41.0
39.6
37.5
38.4
40.6

41.7
40.0
37.8
40.6
40.2

43.1
38.7
36.2
39.0
40.0

41.1
36.2
37.1
39.2
40.9

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

40.4
41.1
42.7
44.9
46.0

38.3
39.5
40.9
41.9
44.7

38.5
40.7
40.4
43.2
45.4

38.7
41.2
40.9
43.5
46.0

40.8
40.9
41.8
44.0
47.7

41.3
41.0
42.9
44.8
47.3

42.2
41.3
43.1
45.0
47.9

40.7
40.6
42.8
44.4
48.1

41.2
41.3
44.9
46.5
46.5

40.6
40.8
43.0
45.4
45.0

41.4
42.1
44.4
47.7
45.7

40.1
42.8
44.3
46.7
45.2

40.3
40.9
44.0
46.0
43.6

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

42.3
41.9
41.9
41.5
41.6

42.2
41.7
41.2
41.3
40.8

42.6
41.5
41.5
41.5
41.4

42.8
41.7
42.0
41.6
41.1

43.2
42.2
41.8
41.4
41.6

42.2
39.5
42.6
41.7
41.6

41.4
42.8
42.7
41.9
41.9

41.7
42.1
42.0
41.0
41.6

42.3
42.5
42.6
41.5
42.0

42.8
41.8
41.4
41.5
41.7

42.4
42.1
41.7
42.0
41.8

42.2
•42.6
41.2
41.0
42.0

42.4
42.0
41.5
41.4
41.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.7
41.7
41.6
41.5
41.4

41.2 .
41.2
41.4
41.2
41.3'

41.6
41.9
41.4
41.5
41.4

42.0
41.5
41.9
41.6
41.4

41.7
41.5
41.8
41.5
41.4

41.9
41.5
41.5
41.0
41.2

41.7
41.1
41.7
41.8
41.6

41.3
42.1
41.8
41.4
41.7

42.1
42.0
41.9
41.4
41.3

41.7
41.6
41.7
41.9
41.7

42.0
42.3
41.7
41.7
41.4

41.6
41.8
41.0
41.5
41.0

41.5
41.8
41.4
41.4
41.1




93

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yoor

Annual
A vuragu

January

February

A pril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

O ctober

Novumbar

Ducumbur

CEMENT, HYDRAULIC - SIC 324— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.3
40.5
40.3
40.9
40.5

41.3
41.2
39.9
39.4
40.3

41.1
40.7
39.2
39.8
39.7

41.1
40.9
39.0
40.2
39.6

40.7
40.6
40.0
40.6
40.9

41.0
40.6
40.5
41.0
40.9

41.0
40.9
40.3
41.2
41.2

41.7
37.7
40.7
41.6
41.3

41.4
40.7
40.4
41.4
40.4

42.4
41.0
40.9
41.8
40.4

41.4
40.3
40.7
40.7
40.7

41.1
40.5
41.0
41.3
40.8

41.0
40.3
40.5
40.9
40.1

1961
1962
1963

40.5
41.0

39.4
39.7
40.2

39.2
39.7
40.3

39.9
40.4
40.6

40.1
40.9
42.1

40.6
41.4
41.6

40.9
41.2

41.0
42.0

40.9
41.7

41.3
41.5

41.0
41.1

41.3
41.0

39.8
40.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.8

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.1
1.5
1.6

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.7

1.1
1.7
1.3
1.1
1.4
2.0

1.8
1.9
1.7
1.9
2.1

1.7
2.1
1.5
1.7
2.1

1.9
2.3
1.8
1.9
2.3

1.7
1.7
1.5
1.6
1.8

1.7
1.9
1.5
1.6
1.7

1.3
1.6
1.2
1.3
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
2.2
2.4
2.9
3.1

2.1
1.9
1.1
2.9
2.8
3.2

2.8
2.2
2.5
3.7
4.3
4.8

2.6
4.2
3.9
6.7
6.1
7.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.2
2.9
3.1
2.8
3.9
2.5
3.2
2.1
5.3
1.6
3.0
3.3
4.5
3.8
3.0
2.4
6.7
3.8
4.6
2.3
7.7
2.3

2.4
1.7
2.1
1.6
2.3

2.2
1.2
3.0
1.9
1.7

1.4
1.1
.9
1.9
.9

1.2
1.7
.8
1.3
1.3

.7
1.0
1.8
1.5
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.1
•9
.7
1.0

.5
.5
.5
.3
.5
.5

•3
.6
•6
•2
.5
.8

•3
•8
.9
.4
1.3
•8

NEW HIRES
.9
1.5
1.3
.5
1.5
1.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
2.1
1.3
1.7
2.7
1.7
1.6
2.4
1.1
.9
2.0
•8
1.7
2.3
1.1
1.1

1.2
1.4
•8
.7
1.1

1.3
1.0
1.0
•8
.9

1.0
.7
•4
.5
.6

.6
.5
•4
.5
.4

•3
•6
•2
•3
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
2.3
3.3
3.0
3.6

4.1
3.7
3.6
5.7
7.4
8.5

4.6
2.2
3.8
4.9
5.4
4.9

2.1
1.4
3.5
2.0
3.2
1.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
1.3
1.4
1.8
1.4
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.3
1.6
2.6
1.4
1.5
2.5
1.2
2.1
2.5
1.8
2.1
1.8
1.3

3.6
2.5
3.8
3.2
2.2

2.9
3.5
3.7
3.5
2.4

2.0
3.6
3.5
2.8
2.5

2.6
2.6
5.0
1.9
4.0

4.5
2.7
5.9
5.8
8.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
.7
•5
•4
•5

•4
•4
•4
•3
.3
•3

•2
•3
•4
•2
•3
•3

.3
.5
.4
•2
.3
•2

•6
.7
.5
•4
•4

.9
1.1
.7
•6
1.0

1.7 ;
2.1
1.4
1.4
1.4

.5
•6
.5
•3
.4

.4
.5
.3
•3
.2

.3
•5
•2
•2
.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
1.2
2.3
2.2
2.7

3.2
2.9
2.6
4.9
6.6
7.7

4.0
1.5
2.9
4.3
4.6
4.2

1.5
.5
2.6
1.4
2.3
1.0

1.7
•2
1.6
1.7
1.0

2.1
.9
2.3
2.2
•6

.9
.9
1.8
1.5
•6

1.1
2.5
2.6
1.8
1.7

1.9
1.8
4.1
1.2
3.3

3.9
1.9
5.4
5.2
7.4

1.3
1*7
1.7
1.3
1.6
2.3

1.5
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.9
2.1

1.5
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
.4
.4
•6
.8
.6
•5
•5
.5
.3
•4
•4
.4
•5
•4
•4
•5
LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
.5
1.0
.3
.3
• .2
•6
•4
.7
.7
•5
.6
1.3
1.5
1.4
•4
1.0

STRUCTURAL CLAY PRODUCTS - SIC 325
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

66.1
66.7

58.0
62.7

57.0
57.8

59.0
59.5

63.9
63.5

64.3
66.7

68.4
69.1

68.7
70.0

69.4
70.2

71.0
70.4

72.6
70.3

72.1
70.0

69.3
70.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

78.6
72.4
55.8
47.9
49.1

69.8
75.2
62.1
50.8
46.8

68.9
72.a
59.5
50.2
46.8

70.4
73.7
57.9
49.1
46.6

74.7
76.0
57.4
48.1
46.3

78.3
76.0
56.3
47.3
46.2

80.4
75.2
56.6
47.7
47.7

83.8
74.0
56.3
47.8
48*1

85.6
72.9
55.2
47.9
48.0

85.3
70.9
53.1
46.8
49.3

83.9
69.1
51.9
46.0
51.5

82.2
67.2
51.3
46.5
54.4

80.2
65.8
51.8
47.0
57.7

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

68.9
76.1
82.3
77.0
78.3

60.5
72.2
80.1
81.2
71.7

61.7
72.5
77.5
79.8
71.6

63.5
73.3
79.1
78.6
71.9

65.5
74.4
80.0
77.7
72.3

67.8
74.4
81.5
77.5
76.3

69.2
75.5
83.3
77.3
79.1

73.0
76.1
83.1
76.7
80.8

74.0
78.1
84.7
76.5
82.6

73.8
78.6
84.9
76.1
83.3

73.9
79.0
84.7
74.9
83.1

72.1
79.5
84.7
73.3
83.6

71.8
80.0
84.0
73.9
82.7




94

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

O ctober

Novem ber December

STRUCTURAL CLAY PRODUCTS - SIC 325— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

85.2
81.2
79.1
76.5
82.5

83.0
80.4
76.8
74.0
75.4

82.1
78.5
76.8
72.8
75.6

83.4
79.0
78.4
74.8
77.8

84.5
81.2
78.9
75.8
79.8

85.8
79.9
79.3
76.4
81.1

87.3
83.6
81.6
77.7
83.4

87.1
82.6
81.4
77.9
84.5

87.2
83.5
80.6
78.1
86.5

86.7
81.9
79.7
78.2
87.1

86.1
82.1
79.7
77.8
86.9

85.6
81.4
78.7
77.6
86.3

84.1
80.0
77.2
77.1
85.5

1956
19 57
1958
1959
1960

86.5
80.5
74.5
77.8
76.3

84.3
79.7
73.7
71.9
76.1

85.1
77.1
70.7
70.9
75.7

86.8
78.3
70.1
73.4
75.5

86.6
79.5
71.1
77.0
77.6

87.5
79.8
72.5
78.2
79.1

90.2
82.3
74.2
80.3
78.9

88.5
82.6
76.3
80.7
79.5

88.4
83.0
77.5
81.2
78.5

87.9
83.0
77.5
80.2
76.7

86.5
81.9
77.7
80.4
75.0

84.0
80.8
76.8
80.0
73.2

82.4
78.5
75.8
79.1
69.9

1961
1962
1963

70.4
68.3

66.3
64.9
64.2

65.0
63.6
62.9

67.3
65.4
63.9

70.2
68.1
67.7

71.7
69.5
69.8

72.9
70.2

73.8
70.5

73.7
71.4

73.2
70.8

71.1
69.6

70.5
68.8

69.4
66.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

5.9

6.4

6.5

6.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

6.7
6.3
5.9
6.0
6.1

6.6
6.4
5.9
6.5
6.4

6.8
5.7
5.9
6.3
6.4

6.9
5.9
6.1
6.3
7.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

8.0
7.5
7.8
7.5
8.0

7.5
7.8

7.5
7.8

8.3
7.5
7.3
7.7
7.6

7.4
7.7

7.9
7.4

8.5
8.2
7.1
8.0
7.4

8.1
7.4

8.1
7.3

8.2
7.9
7.4
8.5
7.2

8.5
7.0

8.3
6.8

6.7
7.1
7.3

6.7
7.1
7.3

6.6
7.2
7.3

6.7
7.3
7.4

6.8
7.1
7.4

7.0
7.4

7.2
7.4

7.2
7.6

7.3
7.2

6.8
7.4

6.9
7.4

7.1
7.3

1961
1962
1963

7.9
7.5
6.9
7.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

58.0
59.0

50.9
55.1

50.0
50.9

51.8
52.4

56.1
56.0

56.4
58.8

60.0
61.0

60.3
61.9

60.9
62.1

62.3
62.4

63.7
62.4

63.3
62.2

60.8
62.5

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

70.4
65.5
50.8
43.0
44.0

62.1
67.7
56.6
45.9
41.8

61.4
65.6
54.3
45.3
41.8

62.8
66.5
52.9
44.2
41.6

66.6
68.6
52.5
43.3
41.3

69.9
68.7
51.5
42.4
41.2

71.9
68.1
51.8
42.7
42.5

75.0
67.0
51.4
42.8
42.9

76.7
66.1
50.3
43.0
42.9

76.5
64.4
48.2
41.9
44.2

75.3
62.8
47.1
41.2
46.3

73.9
61.1
46.5
41.6
49.0

72.2
59.9
46.8
42.0
52.2

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

63.2
70.2
75.5
69.9
70.9

54.9
66.5
73.6
73.9
65.4

56.1
66.9
71.0
72.4
65.0

57.9
67.6
72.6
71.3
65.2

59.9
68.7
73.5
70.7
65.3

62.1
68.6
75.0
70.4
69.2

63.6
69.7
76.6
70.3
71.7

67.3
70.2
76.3
69.5
73.0

68.2
72.1
77.8
69.4
74.7

68.0
72.5
77.8
69.2
75.5

68.1
72.9
77.6
68.0
75.4

66.5
73.3
77.5
66.7
76.0

66.2
73.8
76.9
67.3
74.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

77.5
73.0
70.8
68.0
73.6

75.2
72.2
68.5
65.4
66.8

74.5
70.5
68.3
64.3
67.0

75.6
70.9
70.0
66.5
69.4

76.8
72.9
70.4
67.3
71.0

78.0
72.1
71.0
68.0
72.5

79.6
75.3
73.3
69.3
74.7

79.3
74.3
73.0
69.1
75.4

79.3
75.0
72.4
69.2
77.4

79.0
73.7
71.5
69.5
77.8

78.4
73.9
71.4
69.3
77.6

77.8
73.2
70.6
69.1
77.0

76.2
71.8
68.8
68.7
76.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

76.7
70.4
64.7
67.7
66.0

74.9
69.6
63.5
62.1
65.9

75.1
67.1
60.7
60.9
65.4

77.0
68.0
60.2
63.3
65.1

77.0
69.4
61.4
67.0
67.2

77.6
69.8
62.8
68.2
68.8

80.5
72.3
64.6
70.3
68.7

78.7
72.5
66.5
70.6
69.2

78.5
73.0
67.7
71.1
68.1

78.0
73.0
67.6
70.0
66.4

76.6
71.7
67.9
70.2
64.8

74.0
70.4
67.1
69.7
63.0

72.2
68.5
66.0
68.6
59.8

1961
1962
1963

60.2
58.3

56.2
54.9
54.0

54.7
53.7
53.0

57.1
55.4
54.1

59.9
58.0
57.4

61.4
59.5
59.6

62.7
60.1

63.4
60.6

63.4
61.3

62.9
60.7

60.8
59.6

60.4
59.0

59.1
56.9

1932
1933
1934
1935

12.68
11.40
13.63
15.70

14.32
10.71
12.71
13.53

13.99
10.22
12.97
14.63

13.06
9.74
12.97
14.83

12.79
10.14
13.77
14.80

13.58
10.62
13.99
14.92

12.66
11.61
14.42
15.24

12.23
11.91
13.86
15.58

12.56
12.57
13.44
15.98

12.41
12.47
13.61
16.71

12.14
12.04
14.08
17.34

11.08
11.95
13.99
17.26

11.12
12.22
13.95
17.36

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

18.43
20.30
18.47
20.15
20.57

16.23
19.04
16.52
19.31
19.29

16.44
19.48
16.81
19.22
19.00

17.51
20.61
16.84
19.26
19.29

17.84
22.00
17.57
18.95
19.78

18.84
21.16
18.74
19.40
20.51

18.88
21.36
19.09
20.80
20.49

18.48
20.34
18.50
19.03
20.50

18.88
21.05
19.14
20.62
21.12

18.70
20.78
19.16
20.28
21.11

19.71
20.71
19.96
22.13
21.51

19.66
18.70
19.01
21.29
21.09

20.03
17.75
19.71
20.99
22.07

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




95

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Ym t

AmwqI
Average

j—

,

M arch

S T R U C T U R A L C L A Y P R O D U C TS -

S IC

A p ril

___ * L
2 ___

JlJM

J«ly

Avgust

September

October

November December

3 2 5 — C O N T IN U E D

P R O D U C TIO N -W O R K E R A V E R A G E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S -

IN

D O L L A R S — C O N T IN U E D

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

23.72
26.67
30.24
32.62
34.32

21.39
23.84
28.05
30.30
32.89

21.81
25.17
28.80
31.70
33.49

21.83
25.75
29.25
31.92
34.31

22.91
25.84
30.24
31.55
35.48

24.12
26.31
30.29
32.54
34.82

24.41
26.78
30.61
33.44
35.43

24.15
26.43
30.08
32.87
35.15

24.58
27.07
31.15
33.49
33.00

24.51
27.47
30.72
32.9?
34.14

24.80
28.66
31.87
34.58
34.57

24.32
28.97
31.65
33.60
34.33

24.91
28.81
31.10
32.88
34.38

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

38.98
44.86
49.33
49.45
53.91

34.83
42.52
46.51
49.31
49.25

34.85
41.86
45.40
50.01
49.10

36.26
42.17
46*87
49.56
49.63

37.90
42.35
47.95
49.54
52.13

36.48
44.55
49.37
49.67
53.02

38.91
45.72
49.33
49.16
53.85

39.40
45.06
49.29
48.63
54.15

40.32
45.86
51.54
49.24
54.98

41.21
46.54
50.78
49.76
55.71

41.84
47.13
51.78
49.56
57.43

41.54
46.54
50.93
49.32
57.57

42.22
47.50
51.15
49.65
57.96

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

60.74
61.20
65.19
67.40
71.38

58.50
60.94
61.38
63.92
67.40

57.23
60.68
61.75
65.53
67.23

59.89
60.68
63.49
65.21
69.55

61.03
60.24
64.21
66.99
68.88

61.76
60.09
64.37
67.90
71.23

61.89
60.79
65.89
67.48
72.16

60.74
60.35
66.56
67.32
71.90

61.74
61.39
66.98
68.39
72.31

61.84
62.47
66.50
68.64
72.98

63.03
64.17
68.13
68.15
73.57

61.69
62.62
67.07
68.80
72.92

61.84
62.93
66.17
68.72
73.22

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

74.80
75.98
76.24
81.19
82.21

72.98
74.03
72.20
76.63
81.00

72.98
74.59
70.86
77.42
80.40

73.98
74.59
72.01
79.39
80.77

75.12
75.17
73.15
80.99
83.44

75.53
7*.95
75.06
82.19
83.64

75.35
76.92
76.78
82.39
84.25

74.98
77.52
77.59
83.00
82.62

75.58
77.71
78.76
82.59
84.26

76.04
77.57
79.76
81.81
82.41

75.62
77.38
79.76
81.59
82.62

74.37
75.25
79.18
81.80
81.60

75.14
75.07
76.25
82.42
79.95

1961
1962
1963

84.45
86.69

80.57
81.79
85.41

79.76
84.19
84.77

81.18
85.65
86.67

83.42
87.13
90.27

84.66
88.18
90.71

85.90
87.76

85.49
87.54

86.11
87.56

86.51
87.34

87.14
87.56

86.72
86.90

84.84
35.41

.353
.3 9 3

•360
•406

.447
•446

.4 5 3
.4 4 5

P R O D U C TIO IH W O R K E R A V E R A G E H O U R LY E A R N IN G S -

IN

D O LLA R S

1932
1933
1934
1935

•389
•355
.434
•446

.446
•351
•418
•451

•433
•356
•421
•453

•420
•330
•421
•452

•410
•326
•421
.443

•403
•318
.433
•440

•379
•318
.441
.443

.375
•322
•436
.445

•361
.357
.432
.445

.363
•386
•442
.442

•356
.387
.447
.447

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.443
•505
•513
•533
•550

.447
•469
•526
.529
.551

•443
•466
•522
•531
•549

•440
.477
.512
•532
•548

•435
.507
•505
.522
.545

•436
•505
•505
•520
•544

•439
.511
•505
•528
.545

•440
•511
•500
.520
•548

•436
.516
.501
.530
.550

.439
•526
.507
.531
.547

.446
.527
.513
.545

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

•613
•691
•756
•788
•833

•569
•646
.740
.771
•808

.571
•652
•746
.775
.809

.573
•662
•748
.773
•817

•586
•666
.754
•783
•825

.617
•678
•761
•784
•831

•621
•685
•754
•785
•822

•624
•690
.754
.792
•829

.627
.703
.756
.788
.827

.630
.719
.766
.799
.843

.631
.731
.766
•806
.641

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

.972
1.105
1.221
1.268
1.331

•860
1.032
1.157
1.261
1.276

•867
1.049
1.164
1.263
1.272

•880
1.057
1.166
1.261
1.279

•938
1.064
1.187
1.267
1.300

•955
1.092
1.207
1.267
1.319

•980
1.115
1.212
1.267
1.323

.995
1.118
1.226
1.263
1.324

1.013
1.124
1.251
1.269
1.328

1.020
1.138
1.260
1.276
1.349

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.46
1.50
1.59
1.64
1.72

1.42
1.49
1.55
1.61
1.66

1.42
1.48
1.54
1.61
1.66

1.45
1.48
1.56
1.61
1.68

1.46
1.48
1.57
1.63
1.68

1.46
1.48
1.57
1.64
1.70

1.47
1.49
1.58
1.63
1.71

1.46
1.49
1.60
1.63
1.72

1.47
1.49
1.61
1.64
1.73

1956
1957'
1958
1959
1960

1.82
1.89
1.93
1.99
2.04

1*78
1.86
1.91
1.94
2.02

1.78
1.86
1.91
1.95
2.02

1.80
1.86
1.90
1.97
2.05

1.81
1.87
1.90
1.99
2.05

1.82
1.88
1.91
1.99
2.04

1.82
1.89
1.91
1.99
2.04

1.82
1.90
1.93
2.00
2.04

1961
1962
1963

2.08
2.13

2.05
2.13
2.13

2.04
2.11
2.13

2.05
2.12
2.14

2.07
2.12
2.17

2.07
2.13
2*17

2.08
2.13

2.08
2.13

.5 5 0

.451

.467

.5 2 1
.5 1 8
.5 5 0
.5 5 5

.5 2 2
.5 2 7
.5 5 1
.5 6 3

•635
.739

.6 4 2
.7 3 3
.7 6 6
.8 0 4
•866

.7 7 0
.8 0 2

.867

1.274
1.374

1.036
1.152
1.267
1.281
1.394

1.C40
1.153
1.266
1.273

1.49
1.52
1.63
1.67
1.75

1.49
1.55
1.63
1.65
1.76

1.49
1.55
1.62
1.67
1.77

1.49

1.83
1.90
1.94
1.99
2.05

1.85
1.92
1.95
2.01
2.05

1.84
1.92
1.95
1.99
2.05

1.85
1.91
1.96
2.00
2.04

1 .8 6

1.9?
1.95
2.02
2.05

2.08
2.12

2.11
2.12

2.11
2.12

2.11
2.13

2.10
2.13

1 .0 2 8

1.144
1 .2 6 9

1 .4 0 0
1 .5 5

1.61
1 .6 6
1 .7 6

P R O O U C T IO N -W O R K E R A V E R A G E W EEKLY HOURS

1932
1933
1934
1935

32.6
32.1
31.4
35.2

32.1
30.5
30.4
30.0

32.3
28.7
30.8
32.3

31.1
29.5
30.8
32.8

31.2
31.1
32.7
33.4

33.7
33.4
32.3
33.9

33.4
36.5
32.7
34.4

32.6
37.0
31.8
35.0

34.8
35.2
31.1
35.9

34.2
32.3
30.8
37.8

34.1
31.1
31.5
38.8

31.4
30.4
31.3
38.7

3C.9
30.1
3C.8
3 9.0

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

41.6
40.2
36.0
37.8
37.4

36.3
40.6
31.4
36.5
35.0

37.1
41.8
32.2
36.2
34.6

39.8
43.2
32.9
36.2
35.2

41.0
43*4
34*8
36.3
36.3

43.2
41.9
37.1
37.3
37.7

43.0
41.8
37.8
39.4
37.6

42.0
39.8
37.0
36.6
37.4

43.3
40.8
38.2
38.9
38.4

42.6
39.5
37.8
38.2
38.6

44.2
39.3
38.9
40.6
39.1

43.6
35.9
36.7
38.7
38.0

4?. 9
34.0
37.4
38.1
39.2




96

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
A vnragn

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

N ovem ber December

STRUCTURAL CLAY PRODUCTS - SIC 325— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

38.7
38.6
40.0
41.4
41.2

37.6
36.9
37.9
39.3
40.7

38.2
38.6
38.6
40.9
41.4

38.1
38.9
39.1
41.3
42.0

39.1
38.8
40.1
40.3
43.0

39.1
38.8
39.8
41.5
41.9

39.3
39.1
40.6
42.6
43.1

38.7
38.3
39.9
41.5
42.4

39.2
38.5
41.2
42.5
39.9

38.9
38.2
40.1
41.2
40.5

39.3
39.2
41.6
42.9
41.1

38.3
39.2
41.1
41.9
39.6

38.8
39.3
40.6
40.9
39.7

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.1
40.6
40.4
39.0
40.5

40.5
41.2
40.2
39.1
38.6

40.2
39.9
39.0
39.6
38.6

41.2
39.9
40.2
39.3
38.8

40.4
39.8
40.4
39.1
40.1

38.2
40.8
40.9
39.2
40.2

39.7
41.0
40.7
38.8
40.7

39.6
40.3
40.2
38.5
40.9

39.8
40.8
41.2
38.8
41.4

40.4
40.9
40.3
39.0
41.3

40.7
41.2
40.8
38.9
41.8

40.1
40.4
40.2
38.5
41.3

40.6
41.2
40.4
39.0
41.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.6
40.8
41.0
41.1
41.5

41.2
40.9
39.6
39.7
40.6

40.3
41,0
40.1
40.7
40.5

41.3
41.0
40.7
40.5
41.4

41.8
40.7
40.9
41.1
41.0

42.3
40.6
41.0
41.4
41.9

42.1
40.8
41.7
41.4
42.2

41.6
40.5
41.6
41.3
41.8

42.0
41.2
41.6
41.7
41.8

41.5
41.1
40.8
41.1
41.7

42.3
41.4
41.8
41.3
41.8

41.4
40.4
41.4
41.2
41.2

41.5
40.6
41.1
41.4
41.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.1
40.2
39.5
40.8
40.3

41.0
39.8
37.8
39.5
40.1

41.0
40.1
37.1
39.7
39.8

41.1
40.1
37.9
40.3
39.4

41.5
40.2
38.5
40.7
40.7

41.5
40.4
39.3
41.3
41.0

41.4
40.7
40.2
41.4
41.3

41.2
40.8
40.2
41.5
40.5

41.3
40.9
40.6
41.5
41.1

41.1
40.4
40.9
40.7
40.2

41.1
40.3
40.9
41.0
40.3

40.2
39.4
40.4
40.9
40.0

40.4
39.1
39.1
40.8
39.0

1961
1962
1963

40.6
40.7

39.3
38.4
40.1

39.1
39.9
39.8

39.6
40.4
40.5

40.3
41.1
41.6

40.9
41.4
41.8

41.3
41.2

41.1
41.1

41.4
41.3

41.0
41.2

41.3
41.3

41.1
40.8

40.4
40.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTINE HOURS
2.7
3.3
2.9
3.2
3.2

2.9
3.4
2.9
3.0
3,2

2.9
3.2
2.6
3.0
3.1

2.9
3.1
2.6
2.9
3.0

2.8
3.0
2.5
2.6
2.9

2.5
2.7
2.3
2.4
2.5

3.7
6.1
3.6
7.8
6.2
5.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
7.0
5.0
3.7
6.2
5.0
5.5
3.9
5.0
3.9
4.2
3.2
5.0
4.8
2.9
4.3
6.9
4.5
4.6
3.6
8.0
5.1

3.5
3.9
3.0
2.9
4.6

3.3
3.5
2.6
2.7
3.6

2.8
3.5
2.0
3.1
2.9

2.2
2.8
2.2
2.8
2.4

1.9
2.2
1.2
1.2
1.4

•6
1.6
1.7
.7
1.4
1.6

1.0
2.3
1.7
1.6
2.4
2.1

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.4
2.4
1.7
3.2
3.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.7
2.5
1.7
4.6
3.5
3.0
2.8
2.4
2.1
2.8
2.0
1.9
3.3
3.4
2.4
3.1

1.9
3.3
1.8
2.0
2.8

1.7
2.9
1.5
1.8
2.4

1.5
2.0
1.2
1.9
1*8

1.2
1.5
.7
1.7
1.2

.7
.9
•5
•8
.7

6.8
6.3
5.5
7.4
7.1
6.9

5.9
3.9
3.5
5.3
4.4
4.4

5.4
2.4
3.4
3.1
3.3
2.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
2.5
3.0
3.2
2.2
2.6
3.1
3.2
2.6
3.7
3.4
4.4
2.2
2.0
2.6
3.3
2.6
3.9
3.7
3.5
2.5
3.2

2.9
4.8
4,3
3.4
4.5

3.2
4.9
5.3
4.5
5.5

2.6
3.8
4.8
3.6
3.5

3.9
4.1
5.3
3.9
4.0

4.7
5.5
7.2
6.0
4.7

•9
1.4
1.2
1.0
1.3

.6
•9
1.0
.7
•8
1.0

•5
.7
•9
•5
•8
•8

i.i
1.0
.7
.9
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
.7
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.4
•8
•8
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.4

1.5
2.1
1.9
1.5
2.2

1.5
2.5
2.2
2.0
2.5

1.0
1.6
1.1
1.3
1.4

.9
1.0
•6
•8
1.1

.7
.7
.5
•6
.7

2.7
1.9
2.7
2.4
2.4

5.7
4.9
4.0
6.2
5.6
5.4

5.0
2.9
2.0
4.2
3.1
3.1

4.4
98
1.8
2.0
1*8
1.3

•9
2.0
1.8
1.3
1.6

1.2
1.8
2.5
1.6
2.2

1.2
1.6
3.2
1.6
1.6

2.6
2.6
4.2
2.6
2.5

3.7
4.4
6.3
5.0
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.0
2.7
2.7
2.8

1.9
2.5
2.7
2.2
2.1
2.4

1.7
2.4
2.7
2.0
2.3
2.5

1.7
2.7
2.7
2.3
2.6
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
4.1
3.1
3.6
4.0

1.6
2.9
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.0

1.6
3.5
3.5
2.9
4.3
3.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.6
1.7
1.6
2.2

•6
1.7
1.6
.8
1.1
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
3.9
4.5
3.9
4.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963




2.0
2.9
2.8
2.6
2.8
2.8

2.3
3.3
3.1
2.7
3.2
3.4

2.6
3.3
3.1
3.1
2.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
1.0
2.1
•4
•4
•4
.7
1.4
1.7
1.0
1.0
.7
1.9
1.6
1.1
•6
1.1

1.4
1.0
2.4
1.7
1.8

97

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yaar

Annual
A va rag*

January

February

March

A pril

June

M ay

July

August

Saptambar

October

Novambar

December

BRICK AND STRUCTURAL CLAY TILE - SIC 3251
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

33.1
34.6
33.8
31.7
30.2

30.3
30.6
31.6
28.9
26.6
27.1

•9
.9
.9
•8

.9
.9
.9
1.0
.9
•8

29.0
29.7
31.4
27.7
25.7
26.0

29.5
31.5
31.6
29.6
27.5
26.9

32.0
34.1
33.8
32.0
30.2
29.2

33.6
35.2
35.3
32.9
31.7
30.9

34.5
36.3
35.9
33.8
32.3

35.3
36.4
36.1
33.7
32.3

35.5
37.3
35.8
33.8
32.7

35.1
36.8
34.7
33.2
32.3

35.1
36.0
34.2
32.6
31.3

34.2
34.9
33.1
31.9
30.5

33.5
33.9
31.5
30.8
29.4

.9
.9
.9
•8

.9
.9
1.0
•8

.9
.9
.9
.9
•8

.9
.9
.9
.8

.9
.9
.9
•8

32.3
34.0
32.3
30.4
29.5

31.9
33.4
31.3
29.9
29.0

32.0
32.7
30.8
29.2
28.0

31.2
31.5
29.8
28.6
27.3

30.4
30.5
28.2
27.5
26.2

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
.9
.9
•8
•8

.9
.9
.9
•8
.8

.9
.9
.9
.9
•8
.8

.9
•9
.9
•8
•8

.9
•9
1.0
.9

.9
.9
.9
1.0
•8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

30.0
31.1
30.4
28.4
27.0

27.0
27.5
28.3
25.6
23.4
23.7

25.7
26.5
28.2
24.3
22.5
22.8

1947
1948
1949
1950

46.16
50.79
51.33
55.64

42.56
46.53
50.06
49.49

43.03
44.55
50.10
48.80

43.51
46.78
49.77
49.94

44.16
49.73
50.92
53.09

46.44
50.92
51.42
56.07

46.76
50.65
51.78
56.55

45.87
51.45
50.63
56.81

47.26
54.00
52.19
57.68

47.71
53.14
52.45
57.67

48.88
54.06
53.16
59.80

47.59
52.99
52.29
59.52

48.41
53.02
51.13
59.16

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

60.06
60.63
63.90
66.77
70.52

57.95
57.68
58.34
61.16
65.63

56.44
58.52
59.20
64.18
65.63

59.64
58.80
61.61
64.41
68.91

61.19
59.08
63.05
67.70
68.43

62.04
60.49
62.46
67.98
71.78

61.48
61.78
64.80
67.39
72.54

60.48
61.20
64.50
67.35
72.38

60.91
61.63
65.51
68.57
71.94

60.63
62.63
64.72
67.89
73.15

61.91
63.50
67.14
67.94
72.81

59.36
61.47
66.37
68.32
71.23

60.21
60.90
65.91
67.94
71.21

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

72.49
72.04
73.26
76.49
77.68

69.39
67.60
68.68
70.98
72.98

68.89
68.46
66.73
70.58
72.07

71.31
69.72
69.56
72.98
72.73

73.70
71.75
72.36
76.08
77.61

74.38
72.34
73.26
78.02
79.38

73.95
74.05
74.70
78.32
80.14

74.55
74.05
74.93
78.38
79.38

73.95
74.23
75.42
79.55
81.02

73.92
74.75
75.66
78.77
79.68

73.50
74.03
76.56
79.10
79.87

71.23
71.82
75.89
77.33
78.91

71.17
71.10
71.28
77.19
76.40

1961
1962
1963

80.70
82.57

76.00
73.52
78.99

74.43
76.59
77.41

76.73
80.10
80.34

80.26
83.75
84.80

81.45
85.60
87.26

82.06
86.43

82.06
84.60

82.06
85.00

82.78
84.77

83.53
84.15

83.53
83.18

79.76
80.60

26.3
28.2
28.3
26.3
24.3
23.7

28.8
30.8
30.3
28.6
27.0
25.9

30.5
31.9
32.0
29.5
28.4
27.6

31.3
33.0
32.4
30.5
28.9

32.1
33.1
32.7
30.3
29.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.081
1.195
1.228
1.297

1.023
1.124
1.215
1.207

1.032
1.125
1.213
1.205

1.041
1.130
1.211
1.218

1.054
1.162
1.227
1.255

1.075
1.176
1*233
1.292

1.075
1.189
1*227
1.297

1.087
1.205
1.220
1.303

1.089
1.219
1.2'25
1.314

1.107
1.233
1.240
1.335

1.121
1.240
1.242
1.353

1.125
1.238
1.245
1.362

1.118
1.236
1.235
1.360

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.40
1.43
1.59
1.56
1.64

1.37
1.40
1.43
1.51
1.57

1.36
1.40
1.43
1.51
1.57

1.40
1.41
1.46
1.53
1.61

1.41
1.41
1.48
1.56
1.61

1.41
1.41
1.48
1.57
1.65

1.41
1.43
1.50
1.56
1.66

1.40
1.43
1.50
1.57
1.66

1.41
1.43
1.52
1.58
1.65

1.42
1.46
1.53
1.59
1.67

1.42
1.47
1.54
1.58
1.67

1.41
1.46
1.54
1.60
1.68

1.42
1.45
1.54
1.58
1.66

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.73
1.77
1.80
1.83
1.89

1.66
1.72
1.77
1.77
1.82

1.66
1.72
1.77
1.76
1.82

1.71
1.73
1.77
1.78
1.86

1.73
1.75
1.80
1.82
1.87

1.75
1.76
1.80
1.84
1.89

1.74
1.78
1.80
1.83
1.89

1.75
1.78
1.81
1.84
1.89

1.74
1.78
1.80
1.85
1.92

1.76
1.81
1.81
1.88
1.92

1.75
1.81
1.81
1.87
1.92

1.75
1.80
1.82
1.85
1.92

1.74
1.80
1.80
1.86
1.91

1961
1962
1963

1.94
1.98

1.90
1.95
1.96

1.87
1.91
1.94

1.89
1.93
1.95

1.92
1.98
2.00

1.93
2.00
2.02

1.94
2.01

1.94
2.00

1.94
2.00

1.99
1.99

1.97
1.98

1.97
1.99

1.95
1.99

1947
1948
1949
1950

42.7
42.5
41.8
42.9

41.6
41.4
41.2
41.0

41.7
39.6
41.3
40.5

41.8
41.4
41.1
41.0

41.9
42.8
41.5
42.3

43.2
43.3
41.7
43.4

43.5
42.6
42.2
43.6

42.2
42.7
41.5
43.6

43.4
44.3
42.6
43.9

43.1
43.1
42.3
43.2

43.6
43.6
42.8
44.2

42.3
42.8
42.0
43.7

43.3
42.9
41.4
43.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.9
42.4
42.6
42.8
43.0

42.3
41.2
40.8
40.5
41.8

41.5
41.8
41.4
42.5
41.8

42.6
41.7
42.2
42.1
42.8

43.4
41.9
42.6
43.4
42.5

44.0
42.9
42.2
43.3
43.5

43.6
43.2
43.2
43.2
43.7

43.2
42.8
43.0
42.9
43.6

43.2
43.1
43.1
43.4
43.6

42.7
42.9
42.3
42.7
43.8

43.6
43.2
43.6
43.0
43. &

42.1
42.1
43.1
42.7
42.4

42.4
42.0
42.8
43.0
42.9

PRQDUCTION-ttORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES

98

Y*ar

Annual
Avuragu

April

ibar

mb

Ibwahi

BRICK AND STRUCTURAL CLAY TILE - SIC 3251— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION—WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.9
40.7
40.7
41.8
41.1

41.8
39.3
38.8
40.1
40.1

41.5
39.8
37.7
40.1
39.6

41.7
40.3
39.3
41.0
39.1

42.6
41.0
40.2
41.8
41.5

42.5
41.1
40.7
42.4
42.0

42.5
41.6
41.5
42.8
42.4

42.6
41.6
41.4
42.6
42.0

42.5
41.7
41.9
43.0
42.2

42.0
41.3
41.8
41.9
41.5

42.0
40.9
42.3
42.3
41.6

40.7
39.9
41.7
41.8
41.1

40.9
39.5
39.6
41.5
40.0

1961
1962
1963

41.6
41.7

40.0
37.7
40.3

39.8
40.1
39.9

40.6
41.5
41.2

41.8
42.3
42.4

42.2
42.8
43.2

42.3
43.0

42.3
42.3

42.3
42.5

41.6
42.6

42.4
42.5

42.4
41.8

40.9
40.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
4.5
3.9
4.1
4.7

1.6
3.1
2.4
2.6
1.8
2.0

1.8
4.4
4.8
3.2
6.3
5.1

5.8
8.8
5.5
11.8
9.0
6.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.4
2.9
5.4
11.3
8.9
5.4
4.9
5.4
7.5
6.1
4.6
3.6
4.9
6.2
5.0
3.4
10.3
6.3
5.1
3.6
11.4
6.8

3.2
3.8
3.6
2.8
4.9

2.9
3.3
2.5
2.5
3.0

2.4
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.4

1.8
2.0
2.4
3.0
2.6

1.6
1.4
.9
•9
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.9
2.2
1.8
2.5

.7
2.3
1.6
•8
•8
•8

.9
2.1
1.6
.9
1.7
2.0

1.4
3.1
2.2
2.4
2.7
2.6

NEW HIRES
2.9
4.6
3.4
2.0
4.4
4.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.5
3.6
2.0
4.8
3.6
3.6
2.9
3.6
3.3
2.8
3.0
2.3
4.0
2.8
4.7
4.2

2.0
3.5
2.2
2.0
3.2

2.0
3.0
2.0
1.9
2.5

1.5
2.2
1.8
1.6
1.6

1.5
1.5
•9
1.7
1.2

•6
•9
.4
.7
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
4.5
4.9
4.6
4.7

7.7
8.2
8.4
10.5
12.0
11.5

5.5
5.7
3.8
6.9
3.9
5.3

4.4
2.9
3.4
1.9
2.7
3.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
2.4
2.7
2.2
3.9
3.1
3.5
2.7
4.8
2.4
3.1
3.2
2.6
3.5
2.0
2.1
2.6
3.9
3.2
3i4
2.7
3.8

2.8
3.8
4.3
3.4
4.0

3.3
4.2
5.4
4.6
6.1

2.8
3.8
5.4
4.0
3.9

4.5
5.4
5.0
4.6
4.5

5.8
6.4
9.0
8.8
5.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
1.7
1.4
1.1
1.6

.7
.9
1.2
•8
.9
1.1

.6
.7
.9
•5
•8
.9

.7
1.2
1.0
•6
1.1
1.3

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
.9
1.0
1.3
1.9
1.8
2.0
2.1
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.3
1.3
•8
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.9
1.6
2.0
1.6
1.8

1.7
2.5
1.9
1.7
2.5

1.6
3.0
2.3
2.3
2.8

1.3
1.9
1.6
1.3
1.7

1.2
1.1
.7
•9
1.3

.7
•8
•6
•6
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.2
2.8
2.9
2.5

6.6
6.6
6.7
9.3
10.6
9.7

4.6
4.7
2.2
5.8
2.6
3.9

3.4
1.1
1.9
•9
1.1
1.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
•8
.7
2.0
•5
•4
•3
1.0
•9
•8
•5
2.0
•8
.8
1.6
•6
•8
•6
1.7
.7
•6
1.3

.7
•6
1.6
1.0
.7

1.0
.7
2.2
1.1
2.6

1.1
1.3
3.2
2.0
1.5

2.8
3.8
3.8
3.1
2.8

4.6
5.1
8.0
7.8
4.8

POTTERY AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 326
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

58.8
60.6
57.5
60.2

58.2
58.8
61.1
56.3

58.9
59.3
61.4
58.2

59.0
60.3
61.2
58.8

59.1
59.4
59.9
58.7

58.9
60.0
57.4
59.0

58.4
60.1
55.3
57.6

56.9
58.5
51.5
56.9

58.8
61.3
54.9
59.9

58.5
61.5
55.8
62.3

59.0
62.2
57.2
64.3

60.0
62.5
57.6
65.4

60.4
62.7
57.0
64.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

63.0
57.9
55.8
51.9
53.8

64.8
58.9
57.8
51.2
52.3

65.3
59.1
57.9
53.5
53.5

65.6
58.5
58.6
53.3
54.2

65.6
58.6
57.9
52.2
54.2

64.9
58.0
56.7
51.4
53.8

63.6
57.8
55.7
50.4
53.3

61.7
54.7
49.8
47.3
51.3

62.0
57.1
54.6
50.8
53.1

61.6
57.1
55.7
52.6
54.4

61.2
58.4
55.9
52.9
55.4

60.5
58.4
54.9
53.6
54.9

59.5
58.3
53.5
53.0
55.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

54.0
50.3
45.3
47.7
46.7

54.1
52.4
46.8
46.3
47.9

53.2
53.0
46.7
47.2
48.1

55.0
52.4
46.2
47.7
48.3

55.6
51.9
45.2
47.9
47.9

55.2
50.5
42.9
45.1
47.1

54.5
50.0
43.0
47.5
47.4

52.0
48.3
43.2
47.3
46.1

53.8
48.9
43.9
48.4
46.3

53.0
49.7
45.3
49.1
46.5

54.2
49.2
46.2
48.8
46.2

53.9
49.2
47.0
48.8
44.9

53.6
48.3
46.8
47.9
43.2

1961
1962
1963

42.9
43.8

42.4
43.9
42.8

42.4
44.3
42.7

42.1
43.0
43.0

42.2
43.6
43.6

42.2
43.2
43.7

42.4
43.7

41.1
43.3

43.3
43.8

44.3
44.4

44.4
45.0

44.3
44.2

43.8
43.2

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950




20.6

21.7

,

21.1

23.7

99

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
- I Annual I
T M r | Avutugu 1 Januoty

w_

hhw w nr

Match

A pril

May

Jaw

July

August

Sup—mbur

Octobur

I w V lIllU V r

Ducumbur

POTTERY AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 326— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1959
1955

29.2
22.3
21.7
18.7
18.2

29.8
22.0
22.2
18.6
19.0

23.0
20.9
18.6
16.2
17.9

22.9
21.7
20.8
18.3
19.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

19.3
18.5
15.6
16.0
16.0

16.3
16.1

16.7
16.2

20.1
18.3
15.3
16.6
16.0

15.1
15.7

16.2
15.6

17.9
16.5
19.7
15.6
15.1

16.3
15.5

16.6
15.6

19.5
16.9
16.0
16.6
15.9

16.5
15.3

16.0
19.9

13.5
19.9
13.9

13.9
19.2
19.0

13.6
13.9

12.8
13.9

13.9
19.3

19.6
19.7

19.8
15.0

19.6
19.7

19.5
19.0

16.2
15.6

1961
1962
1963

13.9
19.9

13.9
19.5
13.9

13.9
19.9
13.8

13.7
19.3
13.7

1997
1998
1999
1950

59.7
56.1
52.7
59.9

59.1
59.5
56.5
51.5

55.0
59.9
56.7
53.2

55.0
56.0
56.2
53.9

55.0
55.1
55.2
53.8

59.8
55.6
52.8
53.9

59.3
56.0
50.7
52.5

52.8
53.9
96.7
51.7

59.5
56.8
50.2
59.5

59.2
56.9
50.8
56.7

59.6
57.5
52.2
58.3

55.6
57.9
52.7
59.8

56.1
57.9
52.1
59J

1951
1952
1953
1959
1955

57.9
52.2
99.9
96.2
98.1

59.3
53.1
52.3
95.9
96.7

59.7
53.9
52.3
97.7
97.7

60.0
52.7
52.7
97.5
98.6

60.0
53.0
51.9
96.9
98.5

59.2
52.9
50.6
95.7
98.0

57.8
52.0
50.0
99.9
97.7

55.9
99.0
99.0
91.9
95.7

56.3
51.6
98.8
95.9
97.3

55.9
51.3
99.9
97.1
98.5

55.6
52.6
50.1
97.3
99.9

55.0
52.7
98.9
97.9
99.0

59.2
52.6
97.7
97.5
99.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

98.0
99.2
39.0
91.0
39.9

98.1
96.2
90.9
39.5
91.2

97.2
96.8
90.3
90.7
91.9

99.1
96.2
39.8
91.0
91.6

99.7
95.8
38.9
91.3
91.2

99.2
99.9
36.7
38.6
90.9

98.3
93.8
36.8
90.9
90.7

95.8
92.2
36.9
90.5
39.9

97.8
92.9
38.0
91.8
39.5

96.7
93.6
39.2
92.5
39.8

98.1
93.1
90.1
92.0
39.9

97.9
93.1
90.7
92.2
38.1

97.7
91.9
90.5
9L.2
36.5

1961
1962
1963

36.9
37.2

35.9
37.9
36.2

35.8
37.8
36.0

35.6
36.3
36.9

35.8
37.1
37.2

35.8
36.7
37.1

36.2
37.0

39.8
36.9

36.7
37.3

37.7
37.8

37.8
38.3

37.8
37.9

37.3
36.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERA6E WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1935

16.57
19.15

15.67
17.79

16.12
18.93

16.97
18.53

16.86
18.76

16.93
18.88

16.36
18.95

15.79
18.19

15.85
19.08

16.26
19.71

17.38
20.57

17.67
20.51

18.02
21.03

1936
1937
1938
1939
1990

21.36
23.92
21.73
23.05
23.60

19.93
21.99
19.99
22.07
23.05

21.08
23.02
21.86
23.18
23.36

21.76
23.72
22.01
23.69
23.79

21.22
23.35
21.96
22.98
23.98

20.35
29.12
21.80
22.87
23.72

20.93
29.08
21.13
22.99
22.59

20.08
22.71
19.83
21.68
21.85

21.50
23.73
21.08
23.28
23.99

21.88
23.93
21.72
22.59
29.10

22.81
29.50
23.09
23.75
29.98

22.60
23.36
22.77
23.59
29.96

22.57
21.75
23.36
29.17
29.89

1991
1992
1993
1999
1995

25.98
29.99
33.36
35.66
36.99

23.81
26.17
31.53
33.95
35.82

29.10
28.98
31.53
39.99
36.92

29.38
29.10
32.09
35.19
37.76

25.96
28.92
32.89
35.70
37.59

26.07
29.29
33.93
35.70
37.10

26.62
29.23
33.99
36.29
37.06

25.95
28.35
32.36
39.50
35.67

26.92
30.22
39.13
36.00
39.85

26.83
29.59
33.91
36.00
35.29

27.50
30.90
35.01
36.81
37.02

26.80
31.08
35.18
36.72
36.36

27.77
31.79
33.79
37.07
36.63

1996
1997
1998
1999
1950

39.22
99.50
98.09
97.53
50.77

35.96
91.28
95.66
99.93
97.68

37.29
91.73
96.09
99.61
98.66

38.18
93.11
96.97
99.12
99.01

37.75
93.97
97.32
97.80
98.92

37.68
99.33
97.39
97.03
99.11

90.06
99.59
97.61
95.37
97.92

37.98
99.20
97.06
91.97
97.83

90.99
95.16
99.30
95.62
51.17

90.69
99.93
97.98
95.60
52.26

91.29
96.92
50.57
99.36
59.39

90.83
96.93
50.58
99.59
55.90

91.88
97.12
99.97
99.78
55.29

1951
1952
1953
1959
1955

56.06
59.67
60.26
59.98
69.69

55.63
57.53
60.83
58.98
59.95

56.06
59.39
62.09
59. 89
60.76

57.02
60.19
62.99
60.91
62.96

57.13
59.06
61.06
59.62
62.33

55.68
59.93
60.16
59.13
63.09

55.63
58.82
59.36
58.81
63.97

59.10
56.92
59.20
56.58
61.92

55.80
58.75
58.35
58.89
66.05

55. 65
60.21
58.88
59.20
65.79

56.77
62.37
61.37
62.98
67.25

57.95
61.60
60.69
63.30
69.93

58.19
61.23
59.89
61.38
70.53

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

70.10
71.99
71.31
78.90
80.98

67.98
69.19
69.97
75.78
80.19

68.99
72.00
71.15
76.20
80.01

69.89
72.57
71.31
76.76
81.27

70.82
71.25
70.99
76.33
81.29

69.91
71.06
69.38
77.90
81.37

69.56
69.73
70.09
78.52
81.75

67.32
69.91
68.90
78.00
78.97

70.97
71.63
69.97
79.90
82.60

71.60
72.77
72.50
79.66
79.76

70.87
72.58
73.88
81.59
82.86

72.37
73.72
75.09
80.50
82.69

72.76
72.13
73.83
82.71
79.08

1961
1962
1963

82.13
86.85

79.18
83.11
87.69

79.88
89.67
88.19

81.27
89.96
89.31

81.22
85.91
88.37

83.28
85.19
90.96

82.62
86.96

81.00
86.91

81.32
87.25

82.99
89.20

89.10
89.87

89.28
89.65

89.50
88.88

1939
1935

•968
•508

•953
•990

•958
•999

•980
.513

.988
.519

•487
.518

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




.955
•998

•962
.503

.960
.513

.970
.519

.967
.511

.969
•513

.979
.512

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

100

Yaar

A nnual
A vuraga

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

Jun*

July

August

Suptumbar

October

Novem ber

Ducumbar

POTTERY AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 326— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.516
.559
.597
.591
.605

.515
• 521
.597
.595
.594

.518
.522
•604
.596
.593

• 518
.527
.603
.597
•601

.515
.538
•601
•600
• 602

.514
•561
•604
.594
.602

.512
•568
*602
.602
• 606

.511
.565
.592
•586
•602

.512
.569
.592
.585
.612

.516
.578
.587
.584
•610

• 516
.582
.592
.58?
• 612

• 516
.587
.593
• 584
•613

.520
.591
.587
.591
.616

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

•656
.741
.798
.843
.871

• 620
• 696
.769
•826
.859

•618
.719
.769
.824
.863

.622
.724
.775
• 826
.870

•643
.723
.785
•834
• 869

•650
.734
.796
.838
.873

.659
.742
.798
.842
.870

•661
.744
.795
•854
.868

•668
.769
• 803
.847
•869

.674
.753
.819
.851
.870

.679
.761
• 816
.854
.873

.682
.758
.820
.854
.874

.689
.763
• 823
.858
.689

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

.983
1.141
1.233
1.295
1.343

•888
1.075
1.189
1.294
1.310

.890
1.104
1.188
1.292
1.308

.909
1.111
1.186
1.296
1.307

.914
1.109
1.201
1.292
1.315

•928
1.128
1.217
1.292
1.313

.994
1.142
1.224
1.289
1.332

1.021
It 148
1.245
1.288
1.336

1.033
1.155
1.245
1.296
1.336

1.042
1.161
1.256
1.288
1.354

1.052
1.179
1.277
1.299
1.370

1.055
1.185
1.287
1.305
1.394

1.063
1.193
1.278
1.310
1.414

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.46
1.53
1.59
1.63
1.71

1.43
1.51
1.58
1.62
1.67

1.43
1.51
1.58
1.61
1.66

1.44
1.52
1.59
1.62
1.67

1.45
1.53
1.59
1.62
1.68

1.45
1.52
1.60
1.62
1.69

1.46
1.52
1.60
1.62
1.72

1.47
1.53
1.60
1.64
1.72

1.48
1.53
1.59
1.63
1.72

1.48
1.54
1.60
1.64
1.73

1.49
1.54
1.59
1.64
1.72

1.50
1.54
1.60
1.64
1.74

1.51
1.55
1.61
1.65
1.75

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.84
1.90
1.97
2.06
2.12

1.79
1.87
1.96
2.01
2.12

1.80
1.88
1.96
2.00
2.10

1.82
1.88
1.97
2.02
2.10

1.83
1.87
1.98
2.03
2.11

1.83
1.89
1.96
2.05
2.13

1.85
1.90
1.98
2.05
2.14

1.87
1.91
1.98
2.08
2.14

1.84
1.89
1.96
2.07
2.14

1.85
1.91
1.97
2.08
2.11

1.87
1.92
1.97
2.08
2.13

1.87
1.94
1.98
2.08
2.13

1.88
1.96
1.99
2.11
2.12

1961
1962
1963

2.15
2.21

2.14
2.17
2.26

2.13
2.16
2.26

2.15
2.16
2.29

2.16
2.19
2.26

2.18
2.19
2.29

2.18
2.24

2.16
2.24

2.14
2.22

2.15
2.23

2.14
2.23

2.15
2.23

2.15
2.25

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1934
1935

35.4
37.7

34.6
36.2

35.2
37.3

36.2
37.2

36.5
37.3

36.8
36.8

34.8
35.9

33.7
35.5

33*8
3712

34.3
38.5

36.2
40.1

36.2
39.9

37.0
40.6

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

41.4
4*.9
36.4
39.0
39.0

38.7
42.2
33.4
37.1
38.8

40.7
44.1
36.2
38.9
39.4

42.0
45.0
36.5
39.6
39.5

41.2
43.4
35.7
38.3
39.0

39.6
43.0
36.1
38.5
39.4

39.9
42.4
35.1
38.1
37.2

39.3
40.2
33.5
37.0
36.3

42.0
41.7
35.6
39.8
38.3

42.4
41.4
37.0
38.6
39.5

44.2
42.1
39.0
40.8
40.0

43.8
39.8
38.4
40.4
39.9

43.4
36.8
39.8
40.9
40.4

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

39.6
39.8
41.8
42.3
41.9

38.4
37.6
41.0
40.5
41.7

39.0
40.3
41.0
41.8
42.2

39.2
40.2
41.4
42.6
43.4

39.6
40.0
41.9
42.8
43.2

40.1
39.9
42.0
42.6
42.5

40.4
39.4
42.6
43.1
42.6

38.5
38.1
40.7
40.4
41.1

40.3
39.3
42.5
42.5
40.1

39.8
39.3
41.4
42.3
40.5

40.5
40.6
42.9
43.1
42.4

39.3
41.0
42.9
43.0
41.6

40.3
41.6
41.0
43.2
41.2

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

39.9
39.0
39.0
36.7
37.8

40.5
38.4
38.4
38.2
36.4

41.9
37.8
38.8
38.4
37.2

42.0
38.8
39.6
37.9
37.5

41.3
39.2
39.4
37.0
37.2

40.6
39.3
38.9
36.4
37.4

40.3
39.0
38.9
35.2
35.6

37.2
38.5
37.8
32.2
35.8

39.2
39.1
39.6
35.2
38.3

39.0
38.7
38.2
35.4
38.6

39.2
39.8
39.6
38.0
39.7

38.7
39.6
39.3
38.0
40.1

39.4
39.5
39.1
38.0
39.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

38.4
39.0
37.9
36.8
37.8

38.9
38.1
38.5
36.1
35.6

39.2
39.3
39.3
37.2
36.6

39.6
39.6
39.3
37.6
37.7

39.4
38.6
38.4
36.8
37.1

38.4
39.1
37.6
36.5
37.3

38.1
38.7
37.1
36.3
36.9

36.8
37.2
37.0
34.5
36.0

37.7
38.4
36.7
36.1
38.4

37.6
39.1
36.8
36.1
38.0

38.1
40.5
38.6
38.1
39.1

38.3
40.0
37.9
38.6
39.9

38.5
39.5
37.2
37.2
40.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

38.1
37.6
36.2
38.3
38.2

37.7
37.0
35.7
37.7
37.8

38.3
38.3
36.3
38.1
38.1

38.4
38.6
36.2
38.0
38.7

38.7
38.1
35.6
37.6
38.5

38.2
37.6
35.4
38.0
38.2

37.6
36.7
35.4
38.3
38.2

36.0
36.6
34.8
37.5
36.9

38.3
37.9
35.7
38.6
38.6

38.7
38.1
36.8
38.3
37.8

37.9
37.8
37.5
39.2
38.9

38.7
38.0
37.9
38.7
38.8

38.7
36.8
37.1
39.2
37.3

1961
1962
1963

38.2
39.3

37.0
38.3
38.8

37.5
39.2
39.0

37.8
39.1
39.0

37.6
39.0
39.1

38.2
38.9
39.5

37.9
38.6

37.5
38.8

38.0
39.3

38.6
40.0

39.3
40.3

39.2
40.2

39.3
39.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.8

1.0
1.2
1.7
1.1
1.8
1.7

.9
1.4
1.4
1.0
1.7
1.6

1.1
2.1
1.3
1.8
2.1

1.2
2.0
1.6
1.8
2.3

1.3
1.9
1.4
1.9
2.1

1.3
2.1
1.2
1.8
1.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




.9
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.6
1.8

.9
1.3
1.7
1.3
1.3
1.6

•9
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
2.0

.9
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

.9
1.6
1.4
1.6
1.7

1.0
1.7
1.7
1.7
2.1

101

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y*ar

Annual
Avnraga

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

Jun*

July

August

Saptambar

October

Novantbar Dacambar

POTTERY AND RELATED PRODUCTS - SIC 326— CONTINUED

2.6
3.4
2.6
3.3
3.1

2.0
4.0
3.2
3.3
5.1
2.9

2.4
3.2
3.4
3.7
3.0
2.9

1.8
3.3
2.8
2.5
2.7
3.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.7
1.5
2.4
2.9
3.0
3.0
3.5
4.2
2.0
3.0
2.8
3.4
3.5
3.1
4.3
2.7
2.2
3.6
3.0
3.9
4.0
2.7

4.5
4.0
3.8
5.7
3.6

4.2
4.3
2.5
3.5
3.6

2.9
3.4
2.3
2.8
3.3

2.6
2.4
1.2
2.1
2.2

1.7
2.0
1.3
1.8
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
2.3
1.6
1.4
1.9

.6
1.7
2.0
.6
2.3
1.0

.7
1.7
2.1
1.1
2.0
1.3

.8
2.2
2.1
.7
1.7
1.2

NEW HIRES
.6
2.2
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
.7
.7
2.4
2.9
2.6
2.0
1.6
2.1
1.0
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.3
2.4
1.4

1.8
3.1
1.8
3.1
2.3

2.2
3.5
1.4
2.1
2.5

1.9
2.3
1.4
1.9
2.1

1.7
1.7
•6
1.3
1.3

1.0
1.3
.2
1.1
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.0
3.7
3.3
3.4

4.5
2.6
3.0
4.1
2.6
3.1

1.9
2.0
2.3
2.9
2.5
3.1

3.3
2.7
3.2
3.3
3.9
2.7

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.0
4.6
3.5
2.9
3.0
2.5
3.6
2.5
3.0
2.8
3.5
4.1
2.6
2.7
2.6
4.2
4.1
3.5
2.5
3.2
3.2
3.1

2.4
3.1
4.4
3.1
3.7

2.5
3.8
3.9
3.2
3.8

2.1
3.2
4.0
3.0
2.6

1.8
3.5
3.7
3.5
3.4

4.0
3.3
6.2
4.1
4.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.8
1.3
1.1
.9
1.1

.7

.5
•8
1.1
•6

.7

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
•6
.7
•8
1.4
1.1
1.6
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.1
1. 0
.7
.9
.7
.8
.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0

1. 0

1.2
1.9
1.5
1.4
1.6

1. 0

.7

1.6
1.3
1.3
1.5

1.2

1.0

1. 0
1. 0
1. 0

•8
.7
•8

•6
.9
•6
•8
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
1.2
2.1
1.9
1.8

1.0
.6
2.6
1.3
1.5

.9
1.4
2.0
.9
1.5

•6
1.5
2.4
1.5
1.2

.6
2.1
2.6
2.4
2.3

3.0
2.0
5.3
2.8
4.0

148.8
173.0
171.7
171.7
178.9

151.0
172.4
168.6
169.8
177.0

148.9
167.1
166.1
167.9
174.4

147.1
161.9
160.2
162.4
168.2

141.8
155.6
149.7
152.6
157.9

8.2
8.7
9.0
9.0

8.2
8.7
9.0
9.0

7.1
8.4
8.6
9.0
9.2

8.1
8.6
8.8
9.0

8.4
6.6
8.7
9.0

120.0
141.7
138.7
136.8
142.3

122.2
141.6
135.4
135.2
140.4

119.9
135.9
132.8
132.8
137.8

118.2
130.6
127.3
127.8
131.9

113.3
124.0
117.2
118.4
121.6

93.66
94.83
97.86
102.73
105.36

90.06
90.09
93.21
99.49
102.96

84.46
89.45
87.30
92.06
95.60

1.0

1.1
.6
.9
.7
3.5
1.1
1.4
3.0
1. 0

2.1

1.0

•8

1.0
.7
1.3
.9

1.2
.7
.7
1.9
.9
1.9

2.3
1.1
1.6
2.2
2.0
1.4

1.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.6
3.2
2.6
.9
.9
1.5
2.3
1.4
1.2
1.5
1.6
2.9
.9
2.6
1.9
1.8
1.6

1.7
.7
2.0
1.2
1.6

OrtNH»0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

CONCRETE, GYPSUM, AND PLASTER PRODUCTS - SIC 327
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

140.1
159.0
159.9
158.5
164.4

129.2
138.3
147.2
143.2
142.7
150.8

125.7
138.2
145.5
138.9
143.9
148.6

128.7
141.4
144.3
144.7
146.6
154.8

133.6
156.0
158.1
152.8
160.9
168.0

138.9
164.4
165.2
160.9
170.4
177.3

142.7
169.1
170.2
168.2
175.2

145.2
170.8
171.7
169.4
176.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

7.9
8.5
8.7
8.9

7.0
7.3
8.0
8.4
8.7
9.0

7.4
8.2
8.4
8.5
9.1

7.5
8.2
8.4
8.5
8.9

6.9
7.6
8.3
8.5
8.7
9.0

7.7
8.6
8.6
8.9
9.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

111.9
128.8
127.1
124.7
128.9

102.3
110.1
115.7
110.9
109.0
114.7

98.8
109.8
113.2
106.8
110.1
112.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

86.92
92.45
93.04
97.10
100.96

81.19
84.25
85.22
89.69
86.71
94.40

77.62
83.22
85.81
87.96
89.72
93.93

101.5
112.7
111.9
111.7
112.7
118.2

105.9
126.1
125.0
119.7
126.3
131.1

110.3
134.0
132.1
127.5
135.2
139.8

z
*
4
1

PRODUCTION WORKERS

8.0
8.7
8.7
9.0

114.0
138.5
137.1
134.0
139.3

7.1
8.2
8.7
8.8
9.1
THOUSANDS
116.3
140.1
138.2
135.0
140.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE 1EEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
M




78.61
87.99
85.46
90.35
93.61
99.48

81.40
93.72
93.95
93.56
99.64
103.92

87.31
94.59
94.38
96.90
103.60
108.62

89.15
97.61
95.48
101.62
104.28

89.82
95.89
97.24
101.85
105.91

91.70
97.65
97.89
103.69
108.66

92.40
95.48
96.32
101.36
108.14

102

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Yuar

January

February

March

July

April

Naum ■bar

DuwuArr

CONCRETE, GYPSUM* ANO PLASTER PROOUCTS - SIC 327— CONTINUE!)
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.05
2.14
2.21
2.29
2.37

1.99
2.07
2.12
2.22
2.30
2.36

1.98
2.06
2.14
2.21
2.26
2.36

1.98
2.09
2.18
2.22
2.30
2.38

2.00
2.13
2.19
2.26
2.35
2.40

2.04
2.14
2.20
2.28
2.36
2.43

2.04
2.15
2.20
2.32
2.37

2.06
2.15
2.22
2.32
2.38

2.07
2.17
2.24
2.33
2.42

2.10
2.18
2.24
2.33
2.43

2.10
2.19
2.26
2.34
2.40

2.08
2.15
2.23
2.33
2.40

2.07
2.14
2.21
2.29
2.39

44.3
45.0
43.7
44.5
44.9

44.0
43.8
43.0
43.5
44.5

44.6
43.3
43.3
43.9
43.9

43.3
41.9
41.8
42.7
42.9

40.8
41.8
39.5
40.2
4Q.0

5.2
6.7
5.7
6.0
6.7

4.8
6.1
5.4
5.9
6.4

5.3
5.6
5.5
6.0
6.0

4.3
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.0

2.7
4.3
3.1
3.9
3.8

115.3
124.6
121.2
119.8
120.8

117.4
124.4
122.1
119.3
120.3

119.6
122.4
120.6
119.2
119.8

119.9
122.5
118.9
119.4
119.0

120.5
124.3
115.2
118.4
117.7

20.6
18.2
17.8
18.4

20.5
18.4
17.9
18.3

19.5
20.2
18.1
18.1
18.3

19.7
17.9
18.2
18.2

20.2
17.5
18.2
17.8

84.8
93.4
90.8
89.4
90.6

87.0
93.6
91.8
89.6
90.3

89.2
92.3
90.6
89.7
89.8

89.4
91.8
89.2
89.1
88.7

89.7
93.4
85.4
88.9
87.3

89.60
92.70
94.02
97.58
99.14

88.94
91.58
92.00
97.34
99.06

91.91
94.39
90.39
97.10
98.74

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

42.4
43.2
42.1
42.4
42.6

40.8
40.7
40.2
40.4
37.7
40.0

39.2
40.4
40.1
39.8
39.7
39.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
5.5
4.8
5.0
5.4

2.6
3.8
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.5

2.5
4.0
3.7
3.6
3.8
3.7

39.7
42.1
39.2
40.7
40.7
41.8

40.7
44.0
42.9
41.4
42.4
43.3

42.8
44.2
42.9
42.5
43*9
44.7

43.7
45.4
43.4
43.8
44.0

43.6
44.6
43.8
43.9
44.5

PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
3.1
4.7
3.5
3.9
4.1
A.5

3.3
5.9
5.0
4.5
5.2
5.6

4.1
6.2
5.3
5.0
6.2
6.2

4.7
6.6
5.5
5.6
6.3

4.2
6.9
5.6
5.9
6.3

OTHER STONE ANO MINERAL PROOUCTS - SIC 328*9
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

116.4
124.0
121.6
116.4
118.9

120.2
119.9
123.3
112.0
116.4
116.2

116.6
121.4
124.8
111.0
117.4
115.5

114.9
122.9
123.8
112.0
117.5
116.5

112.7
124.6
123.5
113.9
118.1
118.5

114.0
127.4
122.1
118.2
119.9

111.7
126.1
123.4
115.4
119.3
120.3

114.1
127.3
120.5
118.0
120.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.4
18.7
17.5
18.2

20.0
20.0
20.1
17.3
18.0
17.8

20.2
20.0
16.9
18.0
17.8

20.6
19.7
16.9
18.2
17.9

18.5
20.5
19.0
16.8
18.2
18.1

20.5
18.9
17.0
18.0
18.2

20.5
18.5
17.3
18.5

18.3
20.9
18.2
17.5
18.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

85.8
93.2
91.2
86.8
88.8

89.1
89.7
92.3
82.7
86.6
85.9

85.9
91.1
94.0
81.7
87.5
85.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

85.60
93.38
93.38
95.24
98.33

81.27
91.05
94.58
91.83
95.52
98.00

80.88
91.91
93.71
91.31
97.03
99.23

1958
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

2.14
2.25
2.30
2.34
2.41

2.10
2.21
2.29
2.29
2.40
2.45

2.09
2.22
2.28
2.30
2.39
2.45

84.1
92.2
92.6
83.0
87.8
86.1

82.4
93.6
92.9
84.9
88.4
88.0

81.4
95.3
92.8
86.1
89.1
89.3

83.3
96.6
91.6
88.9
89.7

83.6
95.9
89.8
87.9
90.0

PRODUCT!ON-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
82.32
92.80
92.92
91.77
97.03
100.12

82.11
93.86
91.88
93.50
98.47
100.61

83.53
94.73
93.66
94.83
98.47
102.26

85.81
94.28
93.84
96.82
99.46

84.96
93*56
93.43
96.59
99.77

87.70
92.93
95.40
97.47
99.95

89.38
92.70
94.02
98.59
99.87

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.10
2.22
2.30
2.30
2.39
2.46

2.10
2.24
2.28
2.32
2.39
2.46

2.14
2.25
2.30
2.35
2.42

2.12
2.25
2.29
2.33
2.39
2.47

2.14
2.26
2.29
2.35
2.41

2.16
2.25
2.31
2.36
2.42

2.18
2.25
2.31
2.37
2.43

2.18
2.25
2.31
2.38
2.43

2.18
2.25
2.30
2.38
2.44

2.22
2.28
2.30
2.38
2.45

40.6
41.3
41.3
41.3
41.3

41.0
41.2
46.7
41.6
41.1

41.1
41.2
40.7
41.0
40.8

40.8
40.7
40.0
40.9
40.6

41.4
41.4
39.3
40.8
40.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.0
41.5
40.6
40.7
40.8




38.7
41.2
41.3
40.1
39.8
40.0

38.7
41.4
41.1
39.7
40.6
40.5

39.2
41.8
40.4
39.9
40.6
40.7

39.1
41.9
40.3
40.3
41.2
40.9

39.4
42.1
40.9
40.7
41.2
41.4

40.1
41.9
40.8
41.2
41.1
\

39.7
41.4
40.8
41.1
41.4

103

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

Junu

July

August

September

October

November December

OTHER STONE ANO MINERAL PRODUCTS - SIC 328*9— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-•WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
3.0
2.6
2.3
2.7

1.6
2.7
2.8
1.9
2.4
2.4

1.5
3.1
2.6
1.8
2.4
2.6

1.5
3.1
2.4
1.8
2.4
2.8

1.5
3.2
2.1
2.2
2.6
2.5

1.7
3.4
2.6
2.3
2.9
3.0

1.7
3.3
2.4
2.6
2.9

1.8
2.9
2.3
2.5
2.8

2.3
3.3
2.9
2.7
2.9

2.4
3.3
2.7
2.9
3.0

2.6
2.8
2.4
2.6
2.8

2.4
2.7
2.1
2.3
2.7

2.7
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.4

26.4
28.1
24.2
22.1
23.5

26.5
27.6
23.7
22.0
23.4

26.9
26.9
23.0
22.3
23.1

27.2
26.3
22.8
22.5
23.3

27.6
27.0
22.4
22.8
23.2

7.0
5.9
5.4
5.6

6.8
5.8
5.5
5.6

7.1
6.7
5.7
5.5
5.5

6.5
5.6
5.5
5.5

6.8
5.5
5.6
5.5

15.1
16.8
14.0
13.0
14.3

15.4
16.5
13.7
13.0
14.2

15.7
16.2
13.3
13.4
14.1

16.1
15.5
13.1
13.6
14.1

16.4
16.2
12.9
13.8
14.1

ABRASIVE PRODUCTS - SIC 3291
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

26.9
27.8
24.6
21.8
23.3

29.1
27.8
26.7
21.8
22.6
23.3

27.8
27.9
26.4
21.2
23.3
23.2

27.1
28.4
26.2
21.0
23.2
23.3

26.4
28.0
25.6
21.0
23.3
23.0

25.9
28.2
25.2
21.1
23.3
23.1

25.9
28.3
24.8
21.5
23.4

25.8
28.5
24.6
21.7
23.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

7.0
6.1
5.4
5.5

7.8
7.2
6.8
5.4
5.4
5.4

7.2
6.6
5.3
5.4
5.4

7.4
6.5
5.2
5.5
5.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

15.6
16.6
14.5
12.7
14.0

17.3
16*6
16.1
12.5
13.5
14.2

16.2
16.7
15.8
12*1
13.8
14.0

15.5
17.0
15.7
12.0
13.9
14.2

6.9
7.2
6.3
5.2
5.5
5.4

7.2
6.2
5.2
5.5
5.4

7.1
6.1
5.2
5.6

6.8
7.1
6.0
5.3
5.5

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
15.1
16.6
15.2
12.0
13.9
14.0

14.8
17.0
14.8
12.1
13.9
14.0

14.8
17.2
14.6
12.5
14.0

14.8
17.0
14.3
12.7
14.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

68.45
69.42
75.41
72.01
81.81

67.62
68.38
76.63
72.00
78.39

67.62
68.21
75.74
71.43
79.58

67.90
69.34
77.98
71.06
79.56

67.48
68.82
76.67
70.31
81.59

69.63
68.29
77.64
71.43
81.80

69.66
67.94
75.03
70.87
83.22

68.11
64.78
73.52
68.78
76.00

68.97
67.50
74.68
69.17
81.20

68.97
68.02
71.63
70.68
83.03

66.56
71.13
73.15
73.73
86.11

67.16
74.70
73. 9&
75.85
85.48

70.24
76.82
74.67
78.98
85.07

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

83.53
85.63
85.88
96.39
94.71

81.58
86.58
84.07
94.71
97.20

80.99
85.97
83.03
96.76
97.36

81.14
87.67
84.14
95.41
97.85

82.35
86.18
82.29
97.47
94.56

81.74
86.15
82.54
98.95
96.47

81.62
86.55
83.68
98.47
95.74

82.47
83.93
82.43
97.20
94.04

80.77
83 .49
83.33
94.72
91.58

80.63
83.54
88.14
93.12
91.34

86.68
85.86
90.52
95.52
93.99

88.66
82.96
91.14
95.35
95.74

94.08
87.81
94.60
100.43
91.78

1961
1962
1963

96.71
99.79

92.82
98.74
99.75

93.36
98.33
100.90

93.45
98.98
100.30

93.12
100.21
101.20

94.71
100.12
101.60

96.71
101.68

99.47
101.02

97.27
96.29

99.23
96.14

98.25
99.35

100.21
102.21

100.37
102.16

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.6(9
1.78
1.89
1.89
2.02

1.61
1.74
1.86
1.88
1.95

1.61
1.74
1.87
1.87
1.96

1.64
1.76
1.87
1.87
1.95

1.63
1.76
1.87
1.87
1.99

1.69
1.76
1.88
1.87
2.00

1.72
1.76
1.89
1.86
2.02

1.72
1.77
1.89
1.90
2.00

1.72
1.80
1.91
1.89
2.01

1.72
1.79
1.89
1.90
2.05

1.72
1.81
1.90
1.92
2.09

1.74
1.84
1.91
1.93
2.09

1.73
1.86
1.90
1.95
2.08

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.12
2.19
2.26
2.38
2.41

2.06
2.17
2.23
2.35
2.40

2.04
2.16
2.22
2.36
2.41

2.07
2.17
2.22
2.35
2.41

2.09
2.16
2.23
2.36
2.40

2.08
2.17
2.28
2.39
2.43

2.12
2.18
2.28
2.39
2.43

2.12
2.18
2.24
2.40
2.43

2.12
2.18
2.24
2.38
2.41

2.15
2.21
2.26
2.40
2.41

2.20
2.23
2.28
2.40
2.41

2.20
2.23
2.29
2.42
2.43

2.24
2.24
2.33
2.42
2.39

1961
1962
1963

2.43
2.47

2.38
2.45
2.50

2.40
2.44
2.51

2.39
2.45
2.5 2

2.40
2.45
2.53

2.41
2.46
2.54

2.43
2.48

2.45
2.47

2.45
2.45

2.45
2.44

2.45
2.49

2.45
2.53

2.46
2.51

40.5
39.0
39.9
38.1
40.5

42.0
39.3
41.2
38.3
40.2

42.0
39.2
40.5
38.2
40.6

40.1
37.5
39.1
36.6
40.4

40.1
38.0
37.9
37.2
40.5

38.7
39.3
38.5
38.4
41.2

38.6
40.6
38.7
39.3
40.9

40.6
41.3
39.3
40.5
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955




41.4
39.4
41.7
38.0
40.8

41.4
39.1
41.0
37.6
41.0

41.2
38.8
41.3
38.2
40.9

40.5
38.6
39.7
38.1
41.2

39.6
36.6
38.9
36.2
38.0

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

104
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

ABRASIVE PRODUCTS - SIC 3291— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

39.4
39.1
38.0
40.5
39.3

39.6
39.9
37.7
40.3
40.5

39.7
39.8
37.4
41.0
40.4

39.2
40.4
37.9
40.6
40.6

39.4
39.9
36.9
41.3
39.4

39.3
39.7
36.2
41.4
39.7

38.5
39.7
36.7
41.2
39.4

38.9
38.5
36.8
40.5
38.7

38.1
38.3
37.2
39.8
38.0

37.5
37.8
39.0
38.8
37.9

39.4
38.5
39.7
39.8
39.0

40.3
37.2
39.8
39.4
39.4

42.0
39.2
40.6
41.5
38.4

1961
1962
1963

39.8
40.4

39.0
40.3
39.9

38.9
40.3
40.2

39.1
40.4
39.8

38.8
40.9
40.0

39.3
40.7
40.0

39.8
41.0

40.6
40.9

39.7
39.3

40.5
39.4

40.1
39.9

40.9
40.4

40.8
40.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
2.3
1.7
1.7
1.4

•8
2.8
2.1
1.0
2.0
1.0

.5
2.1
1.7
1.1
1.7
1.4

1.3
2.0
1.7
1.3
1.2
1.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
1.9
1.1
2.1
2.3
2.5
4.3
2.1
1.6
1.4
3.0
1.6
1.4
2.4
3.4
2.0
1.5
1.4
2.1
1.7
1.3
1.5

1.9
2.2
1.8
1.8
1.1

2.6
2.3
1.5
1.9
1.1

2.7
2.0
1.5
2.2
1.3

2.4
1.9
1.4
1.3
1.0

2.0
1.4
1.0
.7
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
1.6
L.2
.9
1.1

.4
1.3
1.6
.6
1.5
.7

.3
1.2
1.3
.7
1.4
.8

.4
1.3
1.3
.7
.7
•6

NEW HIRES
•2
1.4
1.1
•6
1.2
.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
.6
.2
1.7
3.4
1.6
2.3
1.1
1.1
.9
1.4
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
•8

.5
1.7
.9
1.1
.8

•8
1.9
1.0
1.2
.9

.9
1.3
.9
1.5
•9

.9
1.3
.8
.8
.7

•8
1.1
.7
.5
.5

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
1.6
2.0
1.5
1.3

4.8
1.5
1.6
2.6
1.4
1.5

3.7
1.1
1.6
1.6
.9
1.1

3.8
1.1
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
2.1
1.7
3.4
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.7
1.7
1.6
2.1
1.0
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.5
1.3

1.4
2.4
2.9
1.4
2.0

1.4
3.7
4.1
1.9
2.8

1.5
1.7
1.4
1.3
1.2

l.u
1.3
1.2
l.l
1.0

1.2
1.2
2.5
1.4
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.6
.8
.7
•6
•6

•6
•6
.7
.5
•6
.4

.5
.5
.7
.4
.5
.3

•6
.5
.5
.6
.5
.4

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
•6
.7
•8
•6
.8
.5
.7
.7
•6
.4
•6
.6
.7
.5
.5
.5

.5
.8
•6
.6
.5

.6
1.3
•8
.5
•6

.9
2.1
1.5
1.0
1.1

.6
.7
.6
.7
.5

.4
•6
.5
.4
.3

.5
.5
.6
.4
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
.3
•8
.5
.3

3.8
•2
.2
1.7
.3
.7

3.0
•3
.4
.7
(1)
.1

2.8
.1
.4
.7
.2
•3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
2.7
.2
1.1
.2
.3
.1
.1
.6
.7
1.0
.4
.3
.2
.2
•4
.3
.2
•2
(1)
.6
.5

.5
.4
1.5
•5
.7

.3
1.1
1.9
.3
1.4

.4
.5
•6
.2
•3

•2
.4
.4
.3
.3

.4
.4
1.4
.6
•2

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES - SIC 33
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1,279
1,290
1,134
1,247

1,280
1,285
1,297
1,153

1,286
1,286
1,283
1,167

1,287
1,297
1,266
1,172

1,288
1,281
1,230
1,198

1,273
1,274
1,191
1,217

1,285
1,281
1,168
1,243

1,263
1,275
1,127
1,248

1,274
1,291
1,122
1,282

1,272
1,298
1,129
1,301

1,275
1,303
730
1,313

1,277
1,307
923
1,325

1,284
1,308
1,146
1,340

1951
1952
1953
1954
195S

1,364.3
1,282.1
1,383.1
1,219.3
1,322.5

1,349.7
1,370.5
1,396.7
1,290.1
1,228.6

1,354.8
1,370.2
1,400.6
1,262.1
1,249.5

1,361.1
1,365.3
1,405.6
1,244.5
1,274.7

1,363.8
1,351.4
1,406.3
1,222.7
1,296.1

1,366.1
1,348.8
1,401.1
1,207.3
1,317.3

1,378.0
908.5
1,408.8
1,213.6
1,339.3

1,363.1
870.4
1,398.7
1,194.2
1,326.5

1,373.7
1,313.8
1,391.6
1,191.8
1,341.1

1,369.0
1,356.6
1,377.4
1,186.6
1,363.7

1,367.5
1,364.3
1,360.1
1,191.2
1,365.1

1,353.1
1,375.6
1,334.3
1,207.0
1,379.7

1,371.7
1,390.3
1,316.3
1,219.9
1,388.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,355.3
1,355.3
1,153.5
1,182.6
1,231.2

1,387.6
1,404.4
1,239.1
1,212.4
1,327.1

1,387.4
1,397.9
1,187.7
1,241.2
1,332.4

1,384.9
1,387.4
1,153.1
1,277.0
1,322.1

1,391.7
1,377.2
1,115.4
1,301.3
1,300.2

1,375.7
1,367.6
1,101.6
1,318.2
1,274.6

1,380.0
1,367.9
1,119.3
1,337.0
1,248.9

1,007.1
1,351.6
1,106.3
1,313.1
1,200.7

1,352.7
1,355.2
1,120.0
896.2
1,188.5

1,391.2
1,337.5
1,152.3
872.6
1,174.1

1,398.0
1,325.7
1,157.3
863.2
1,158.8

1,401.5
1,306.2
1,187.7
1,241.5
1,134.0

1,406.3
1,285.4
1,202.6
1,317.2
1,112.6

1961 1,142.7 1,096.6 1,086.8 1,088.7 1,099.4 1,130.5 1,154.0 1,155.3 1,168.6 1,181.8 1,179.0 1,183.1 1,188.0
1962 1,163.8 1,197.4 1,211.8 1,219.1 1,219.4 1,191.9 1,163.2 1,132.3 1,133.0 1,135.0 1,122.3 1,117.4 1,123.2
1963
1,123.0 1,136.4 1,151.9 1,174.8 1,191.6
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950




64.5

67.1

68.7

73.6

EM P LO YM EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

105

November

Docombor

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES - SIC 53— CONTINUED
FEMALE

EMPLOYEES

-

IN

THOUSANDS—

CONTINUED

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

78.3
83.6
90.8
80.0
77.4

79.1
83.8
90.0
75.8
79.1

80.4
72.2
90.9
72.8
79.6

82.1
87.3
85.7
75.0
81.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

83.3
84.3
79.4
74.3
78.4

75.3
7B.5

76.1
77.9

83.5
82.6
73.1
76.7
76.1

77.7
76.0

78.2
75.2

76.5
82.4
70.9
76.8
73.6

70.3
73.6

70.1
74.2

85.3
80.9
71.3
69.8
72.8

76.0
71.8

77.6
70.9

69.8
73.6
70.8

68.8
73.0
70.6

68.7
73.3
70.6

68.5
73.3
70.9

69.4
73.0
71.7

70.7
72.9

70.3
72.3

71.4
71.9

71.6
71.6

71.8
71.3

72.7
71.1

72.8
71.1

1961
1962
1963

75.0
74.9
70.5
72.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
19*7 1*114
19*8 1« 121
1949
968
1950 1,075

1,119
1,118
1,125
989

1,125
1,118
1,111
1,003

1,125
1,127
1,093
1,006

1,126
1,112
1,058
1,031

1,110
1,107
1,019
1,049

1,119
1,114
998
1,072

1951
1952
1953
19 54
1955

1,168.8
1,177.3
1,190.0
1,082.4
1,033.3

1,173.3
1,174.3
1,193.3
1,057.6
1,050.8

1,176.0
1,168.7
1,196.2
1,039.2
1,074.6

1,178.3
1,155.4
1,195.4
1,019.7
1,092.6

1,178.9
1,150.5
1,189.5
1,003.3
1,113.1

1,189.2 1,170.9 1,181.4 1,176.0 1,174.7
717.7
679.8 1,114.1 1,155.8 1,163.7
1,196.1 1,184.7 1,178.7 1,166.7 1,149.3
1,009.7
993.6
991.6
989.6
993.5
1,133.0 1,115.6 1,129.2 1,151.0 1,152.1

1956 1,131.6 1,175.3 1,172.4 1,164.7
1957 1,117.9 1,171.3 1,163.1 1,150.2
1958
928.0 1,002.1
954.9
923.9
1959
953.8
987.2 1,013.9 1,048.7
1960
993.8 1,090.5 1,094.4 1,083.2

1,170.4
1,140.3
888.1
1,071.0
1,060.7

1,152.8
1,131.0
877.1
1,087.1
1,034.1

1,155.1
777.5 1,126.8 1,165.8 1,171.5 1,173.1 1,174.3
1,131.3 1,113.7 1,115.3 1,098.1 l,087.1 1,067*2 1,046.3
896.6
884.9
897.8
931.6
935.2
965.6
978.3
671.3
650.9
1,103.4 1,076.0
641.7 1•011.7 1,082.5
1,008.6
881.5
960.7
949.3
937.6
923.8
901.3

872.5
989.1
952.6

904.3
962.6
969.6

1,175.1
1,084.7
1,172.6
1,017.9
1,115.8

1,096
1,104
960
1,076

1,107
1,118
957
1,108

1961
1962
1963

914.6
935.8

867.7
968.5
899.8

859.0
982.4
914.1

1947
1948
1949
1950

55.38
61.18
60.94
67.36

51.95
59.27
63.88
63.95

51.53
58.69
63.32
63.64

52.58
59.02
61.86
62.56

53.02
57.83
60.98
65.16

55.42
59.05
60.24
65.73

56.94
59.63
59.98
66.67

55.12
59.76
58.79
67.12

56.11
62.99
59.60
67.53

1951
1952
19 53
1954
1955

75.30
77.52
84.46
81.48
92.51

74.64
76.78
84.85
81.95
87.48

73.34
75.81
83.42
79.72
87.91

75.24
76.78
84.44
78.49
88.56

75.60
71.37
83.43
78.11
89.62

74.88
72.13
83.63
79.70
91.32

76.26
72.98
84.87
80.91
91.52

74.98
71.50
85.28
81.02
92.97

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

96.76
99.00
101.11
112.19
109.59

97.86
101.52
95.49
110.68
117.55

95.58
99.38
94.10
111.91
115.14

95.58
98.89
95.49
114.39
114.17

96.00
98.15
95.35
116.47
112.46

95.76
97.66
96.12
117.03
108.92

95.94
99.54
100.22
118.29
109.20

1961
1962
1963

114.84
119.80

106.31
122.81
120.80

107.26
122.81
122.21

108.49
123.41
122.91

111.25
123.11
127.82

113.76
118.50
127.30

116.58
118.99

861.2
989.5
929.2

926.0
933.1

926.4
901.7

940.4
904.3

1,105
1,127
965
1,126

954.7
909.5

1,109
1,131
579
1,136

1,111
1,135
768
1,145

1,117
1,136
982
1,160

1*158.3
1,173.4
1,123.5
1,010.3
l•167.2

1,175.5
1.185.9
1,108.3
1,024.7
1,177.2

949.8
896.7

953.6
893.3

959.6
899.3

57.41
63.64
60.58
69.26

57.90
64.67
58.51
69.97

58.33
64.24
57.63
70.31

59.24
64.28
63.08
74.54

73.80
78.17
85.49
80.85
92.16

76.18
81.99
85.84
82.60
98.05

74.98
81.97
84.03
82.86
96.33

75.35
83.00
82.99
84.74
96.74

77.83
84.22
82.99
85.81
97.44

92.11
100.69
102.80
108.92
107.97

93.93
100.08
103.57
104.28
106.20

100.36
101.52
106.23
106.00
106.30

98.98
98.43
106.08
104.28
105.36

99.31
97.28
107.56
107.36
103.60

101.19
97.41
108.93
116.60
104.53

117.68
116.53

116.11
115.84

117.79
119.10

119.29
116.92

119.39
117.91

121.58
120.39

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS -• IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER i ERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
W
1947
1948
1949
19 50

1.388
1.522
1.587
1.647

1.302
1.467
1.593
1.615

1.298
1.460
1.587
1.603

1.308
1.461
1.582
1.604

1.319
1.464
1.584
1.609

1.382
1.469
1.581
1.619

1.413
1.487
1.591
1.630

1.417
1.509
1.589
1.645

1.424
1.567
1.581
1.639

1.446
1.599
1.607
1.669

1.444
1.589
1.556
1.666

1.451
1.590
1.579
1.678

1.459
1.591
1.597
1.758

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.81
1.90
2.06
2.10
2.24

1.79
1.85
2.03
2.08
2.16

1.78
1.84
2.01
2.06
2.16

1.80
1.85
2.0?
2.06
2.16

1.80
1.83
2.02
2.05
2.17

1.80
1.84
2.02
2.07
2.19

1.82
1.82
2.05
2.08
2.20

1.82
1.81
2.08
2.11
2.29

1.80
1.93
2.08
2.10
2.27

1.84
1.99
2.13
2.14
2.34

1.82
1.98
2.08
2.13
2.31

1.82
2.00
2.08
2.14
2.32

1.84
2.01
2.08
2.14
2.32

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.36
2.50
2.64
2.77
2.81

2.33
2.47
2.56
2.76
2.86

2.32
2.46
2.55
2.77
2.85

2.32
2.46
2.56
2.79
2.84

2.33
2.46
2.57
2.82
2.84

2.33
2.46
2.57
2.82
2.80

2.34
2.47
2.61
2.83
2.80

2.28
2.53
2.67
2.80
2.79

2.36
2.54
2.69
2.62
2.78

2.43
2.57
2.71
2.65
2.79

2.42
2.55
2.72
2.62
2.78

2.44
2.54
2.73
2.76
2.77

2.45
2.55
2.73
2.83
2.81

1961
1962
1963

2.90
2.98

2.82
3.01
2.99

2.83
3.01
3.01

2.84
3.01
3.02

2.86
3.01
3.08

2.88
2.97
3.06

2.90
2.96

2.92
2.95

2.91
2.94

2.93
2.97

2.96
2.96

2.97
2.97

2.98
2.98




106

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES - SIC 33— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

39.9
40.2
38.4
40.9

39.9
40.4
40.1
39.6

39.7
40.2
39.9
39.7

40.2
40.4
39.1
39.0

40.2
39.5
38.5
40.5

40.1
40.2
38.1
40.6

40.3
40.1
37.7
40.9

38.9
39.6
37.0
40.8

39.4
40.2
37.7
41.2

39.7
39.8
37.7
41.5

40.1
40.7
37.6
42.0

40.2
40.4
36.5
41.9

40.6
40.4
39.5
42.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.6
40.8
41.0
38.8
41.3

41.7
41.5
41.8
39.4
40.5

41.2
41.2
41.5
38.7
40.7

41.8
41.5
41.8
38.1
41.0

42.0
39.0
41.3
38.1
41.3

41.6
39.2
41.4
38.5
41.7

41.9
40.1
41.4
38.9
41.6

41.2
39.5
41.0
38.4
40.6

41.0
40.5
41.1
38.5
40.6

41.4
41.2
40.3
38.6
41.9

41.2
41.4
40.4
38.9
41.7

41.4
41.5
39.9
39.6
41.7

42.3
41.9
39.9
40.1
42.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.0
39.6
38.3
40.5
39.0

42.0
41.1
37.3
40.1
41.1

41.2
40.4
36.9
40.4
40.4

41.2
40.2
37.3
41.0
40.2

41.2
39.9
37.1
41.3
39.6

41.1
39.7
37.4
41.5
38.9

41.0
40.3
38.4
41.8
39.0

40.4
39.8
38.5
38.9
38.7

39.8
39.4
38.5
39.8
38.2

41.3
39.5
39.2
40.0
38.1

40.9
38.6
39.0
39.8
37.9

40.7
38.3
39.4
38.9
37.4

41.3
38.2
39.9
41.2
37.2

1961
1962
1963

39.6
40.2

37.7
40.8
40.4

37.9
40.8
40.6

38.2
41.0
40.7

38.9
40.9
41.5

39.5
39.9
41.6

40.2
40.2

40.3
39.5

39.9
39.4

40.2
40.1

40.3
39.5

40.2
39.7

40.8
40.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.8
2.0
1.4
2.6
1.8

3.5
2.9
1.2
2.2
2.8

2.8
2.2
1.0
2.3
2.4

2.8
2.0
.9
2.5
2.1

2.8
2.0
1.0
2.7
2.0

2.8
1.8
.9
2.9
1.6

2.9
2.2
1.3
3.1
1.7

2.9
2.1
1.3
2.4
1.7

2.3
1.8
1.5
2.6
1.4

3.1
2.1
1.9
3.0
1.6

2.5
1.6
1.7
2.7
1.4

2.6
1.4
1.8
2.3
1.3

2.7
1.2
2.0
2.6
1.3

1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.3

1.4
2.7
2.3

1.2
2.5
2.4

1.3
2.5
2.5

1.4
2.3
2.8

1.6
2.0
3.1

2.1
2.3

2.1
2.0

2.1
1.9

2.5
2.2

2.2
2.0

2.1
2.1

2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
3.1
2.4
3.4
2.8

1.6
3.7
2.7
3.4
3.7
3.4

1.8
4.2
2.3
2.9
2.7
3.6

2.0
4.3
1.9
3.3
2.7
3.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
3.0
3.8
2.1
3.4
3.0
3.2
2.1
2.5
1.8
2.1
2.6
4.1
4.8
4.1
3.1
2.8
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.8
3.5

3.9
3.1
2.9
3.5
3.4

3.9
2.9
2.9
3.1
2.7

3.4
2.4
2.4
2.9
2.7

2.5
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.5

2.6
2.7
2.1
2.7
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
1.7
•8
.9
1.1

•4
1.4
1.5
.5
1.5
.9

.3

1.9
1.3
.4
1.3
.9

.3
2.3
.9
.5
1.3
1.0

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
.3
•4
.6
2.0
1.2
2.2
2.1
•6
.7
.7
1.0
1.0
.9
1.3
•9
1.1
1.4
1.1
1.7
1.4

.8
1.9
.7
1.4
1.0

1.0
1.8
.8
1.3
1.0

.9
1.3
•6
1.2
.9

.8
1.0
•4
.9
.7

.9
1.1
.4
.8
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
2.5
4.0
2.8
3.3

6.0
2.0
1.9
4.4
2.3
2.6

4.5
1.7
2.4
3.4
2.0
2.2

5.1
1.9
3.4
3.2
2.3
2.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.3
3.4
2.5
3.1
1.9
1.9
2.4
2.1
3.7
4.3
4.4
4.4
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.2
3.2
4.5
4.4
4.1
2.1
2.1

2.6
3.2
4.6
2.7
3.8

2.8
3.7
4.8
3.0
3.8

2.2
3.7
4.9
3.0
3.5

2.1
3.1
4.5
2.9
2.9

1.8
2.1
4.9
2.0
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•4
.8
.6
.5
•6

.4
.5
.6
.3
.5
•4

.3
.5
.6
•3
.5
.4

.3
.7
.6
.4
.6
.5

.4
.7
.5
.5
.6

.5
1.2
.6
.7
.9

.6
1.4
•8
1.0
.9

.5
.8
.4
.6
.5

.4
•8
.4
.5
•4

.3
.7
•3
.4
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
1.1
2.9
1.7
2.1

5.2
1.1
.9
3.5
1.1
1.4

3.8
.8
1.2
2.6
•8
1.1

4.4
•6
2.3
2.3
1.0
1.0

LAYOFFSi PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.6
2.7
1.8
2.3
.7
•6
.5
1.1
2.5
3.2
3.3
3.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.9
3.1
2.8
3.2
.8
.8

1.7
1.4
3.5
1.4
2.3

1.8
1.6
3.3
1.2
2.3

1.3
2.3
3.9
1.6
2.4

1.3
1.8
3.7
1.8
2.0

1.1
.9
4.2
1.2
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963




1.5
3.7
2.7
3.5
3.8
3.5

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.3
•3
•4
•8
•8
•9
.6
.6
.6
.4
.4
.5
.6
•6
•6
.6
.7

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
2.2
3.1
2.0
3.4
1.7
2.5
4.2
3.1
2.8
2.2
3.9

3.5
2.3
2.4
2.8
2.7

107

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y«or

February

April'

Dmuh

J
uly

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES - SIC 33— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.2
2.0
1.9
4.5
2.2
2.7

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
4.3
2.8
1.9
2.3
3.7
4.5
2.1
2.2
4.1
3.2
2.0

2.1
3.7
5.0
3.0
3.6

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

•3
.4
.5
•3
.5
.4

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
•2
.3
.7
.7
.6
.5
•4
.4
.6
.5
.6

•4
.8
•4
.5
.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
3.8
3.2
2.5
3.5
2.7

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
1.7
2.6
3.5
3.1
2.5
2.7
3.1
3.3
3.1
3.1
3.0

3.3
2.8
2.5
3.8
2.6

1958
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

4.8
2.6
2.8
3.8
2.8
2.7

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
4.3
3.3
2.4
3.3
3.9
3.5
2.5
2.5
2.7
3.5
2.5

2.9
3.9
4*2
3.4
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1
.9

blast furnace

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
.8
1.0
1.4
1.2
1.3
1.2
•8
1.1
1.0
1.2
1.0

1.1
1.5
1.1
1.3
1.2

AND BASIC STEEL PRODUCTS - SIC 331
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1939
1940

515.5
590.5

478.0
601.9

481.0
584.0

484.8
556.4

485.2
541.7

479.9
546.3

485.4
572.2

483.5
594.3

492.0
607.1

512.5
609.7

579.3
616.9

609.8
623.8

614.8
632.1

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

675.8
684.5
672.4
629.8
600.7

638.2
686.6
672.6
651.5
619.2

645.1
686.8
675.9
648.2
624.3

650.6
685.9
676.1
641.3
624.7

658.8
690.3
676.9
633.9
621.6

671.2
693.8
677.3
628.4
620.1

683.5
697.3
677.4
628.4
616.3

695.6
694.4
675.4
626.8
605.9

701.9
687.7
673.8
627.5
599.5

697.9
680.0
671.4
619.6
555.9

691.1
673.9
668.3
616.6
561.5

687.4
665.1
665.5
617.4
569.8

688.7
672.0
658.6
618.1
589.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

593.1
655.8
678.6
610.1
674.4

593.9
640.0
664.2
692.5
644.6

276.9
642.6
664.1
695.0
646.6

602.9
642.8
672.1
693y 5
642.4

619.3
647.7
666.3
685.7
658.5

593.5
647.7
670.7
672.5
666.0

605.8
665.4
676.0
659.0
676.6

629.3
663.0
680.1
638.8
680.6

644.5
668.0
689.4
629.7
691.6

645.5
664.0
687.7
630.8
694.3

635.7
662.3
688.0
238.0
695.2

645.1
662.4
690.2
445.6
696.5

624.7
663.9
694.3
640.2
699.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

714.4
638.0
726.1
645.5
706.9

704.0
719.1
726.4
682.9
647.5

703.5
720.5
727.8
668.1
660.5

707.3
717.6
730.4
659.0
676.0

708.3
706.3
730.5
644.3
689.8

712.9
704.1
729.7
637.6
703.4

720.9
281.0
736.6
643.1
719.5

722.0
258.8
739.2
635.7
725.2

725.5
682.9
740.4
633.3
729.2

723.6
712.9
726.3
632.7
735.3

719.4
714.5
721-1
630.5
727.9

703.7
716.5
708.2
636.0
732.3

722.0
722.1
696.3
642.7
735.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

706.6
719.9
601.1
587.3
651.4

734.3
738.9
637.5
634.2
727.4

736.6
740.2
610.8
658.2
730.1

736.9
736.8
594.1
685.8
724.5

740.9
730.9
571.9
702.4
708.6

730.4
728.0
570.5
712.9
691.6

738.1
729.0
586.6
721.9
662.1

373.5
725.5
579.2
702.0
628.1

719.8
725.0
588.2
293.6
620.1

744.0
717.8
605.0
278.2
601.5

741.8
704.5
618.8
270.8
591.4

741.5
690.0
622.0
666.6
573.6

741.2
672.0
628.0
721.3
557.8

1961
1962
1963

595.5
591.9

551.6
630.4
550.6

552.8
641.0
564.3

558.7
645.3
578.5

570.3
644.1
597.9

592.0
616.9
612.2

605.1
589.5

612.1
565.6

617.2
562.2

626.5
561.1

622.4
550.1

617.4
545.8

620.1
550.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950




23.9

24.4

24.5

25.0

108

Y«ar

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

Juna

J
uly

August

September

October

Novambar

Dacambar

BLAST FURNACE AND BASIC STEEL PRODUCTS - SIC 331— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

26.0
28.8
30.5
28.7
27.8

25.5
29.7
30.0
28.3
28.3

26.7
17.1
31.8
28.0
29.7

29.5
29.3
30.3
28.4
29.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

27.9
30.3
29.0
27.0
29.1

27.3
28.9

27.7
28.7

29.6
29.2
27.0
28.1
28.6

28.4
28.7

28.8
28.2

23.5
30.5
26.7
28.4
27*9

21.4
27.5

20.7
27.3

31.2
29.6
26.8
20.2
26.4

27.4
25.8

28.5
25.2

24.9
26.2
23.3

24.9
26.2
23.4

25.0
26.3
23.4

25.3
26.4
23.6

25.3
25.9
24.2

25.7
25.7

25.9
25.1

26.1
24.5

26.0
24.3

25.7
23.9

25.7
23.6

26.0
23.5

1961
1962
1963

26.2
27*7
25.5
25.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

452.6
519.6

419.7
528.5

422.3
512.8

425.7
488.5

426.0
476.2

421.4
480.2

426.2
503.5

424.5
523.0

432.0
534.2

450.0
537.1

508.6
543.5

535.4
550.2

539.8
557.5

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

597.3
607.9
598.6
555.6
527.3

562.9
608.3
598.6
577.2
544.3

569.0
608.5
602.2
573.7
548.8

573.8
608.4
602.4
567.6
549.1

581.7
612.3
603.1
560.4
545.8

592.7
616.1
604.2
554.9
544.4

604.2
619.2
604.2
554.2
540.5

614.9
616*6
601.8
551.0
531.4

620.5
611.4
599.7
552.8
525.8

617.6
604.5
597.5
545.9
487.5

611.6
599.1
594.1
542.6
492.4

609.0
591.9
591.0
543.3
499.7

610.2
598.1
584.2
543.9
517.3

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

516.8
575.0
593.9
526.8
586.8

520.9
561.3
581.8
607.3
561.4

202.1
564.8
581.1
609.5
562.5

528.7
563.7
588.1
607.5
557.0

543.1
568.7
582.3
600.0
572.9

520.5
568.0
587.5
586.4
580.1

531.3
582.9
592.2
574.0
589.3

551*9
580.1
595.1
554.5
593.0

565.2
585.2
603.2
546.6
602*4

566.1
581.0
601.7
548.2
604.7

557.5
580.8
601.3
161.6
604.8

565.8
580.9
603.9
368.1
605.3

547.9
582.2
608.2
557.6
608.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

620.2
541.5
620.4
546.1
604.5

613.2
624.9
623.3
579.1
553.0

612.7
624.7
624.5
566.5
563.4

614.6
621.4
625.2
556.2
576.6

615.5
610.9
624.6
543.8
588.4

619.5
606.9
623.9
535.6
602.8

627.9
188.0
629.8
540.8
616.6

626.0
163.8
632.8
537.2
620.0

630.5
586.6
633*8
535.1
624.2

627.4
615.2
621.0
537.2
628.7

623.7
616.6
613.7
533.4
620.9

607.3
616.9
600.6
540.6
626.8

624.5
621.7
591.9
547.6
632.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

595.4
600.1
486.5
470.9
528.4

629.3
622.9
518.4
518.4
605.1

629.1
623.2
494.0
541.2
607.0

625.6
617.4
478.9
568.1
600.5

630.5
611.8
456.5
583.7
583.6

619.4
609.3
456.9
592.9
565.3

625.9
609.4
473.6
600.7
536.7

253.6
605.1
466.5
579.4
503.7

609.7
603.2
474.7
183.3
495.9

633.9
595.8
492.7
169.9
479*0

631.3
584.0
505.3
162.9
470.5

629.5
568.6
507.7
549.4
454.0

627.1
551.0
512.7
600.5
439.7

1961
1962
1963

478.4
475.5

434.8
512.1
439.8

436.5
522.7
454.5

442.5
526.8
468.6

454.1
525.2
488.7

475.6
498.7
503.1

487.9
471.0

494.2
447.8

499.8
446.1

509.6
447.6

504.5
436.7

499.0
433.5

502.3
438.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1932
1933
1934
1935

13.96
17.00
19.75
23.53

16.73
12.86
17.70
21.68

16.88
13.46
19.25
24.43

16.44
12.82
20.94
23.93

15.29
13.84
23.18
23.70

15.20
16.10
24.28
23.23

12.77
18.37
24.60
22.01

11.62
19.46
18.40
20.37

11.62
22.07
17.89
23.35

12.24
19.38
16.09
24.19

13.43
19.97
16.77
24.51

13.18
17.40
17.73
24.45

12.75
18.11
19.45
26.22

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

27.57
31.46
24.05
30.00
31.54

24.73
30.90
20.38
28.32
31.19

24.94
30.90
21.78
28.66
29.65

26.71
32.17
22.36
28.91
29.03

27.81
35.91
23.02
28.21
28.81

28.10
35.35
23.07
27.57
29.88

28.29
34.21
22.29
28.38
31.49

26.60
32.62
21.87
27.35
30.98

27.66
34.67
24.55
30.20
32.46

27.11
31.58
25.03
29.85
32.91

28.09
29.86
26.91
34.00
33.13

29.21
25.44
28.44
33.16
33.54

31.61
22.61
28.61
33.14
34.74

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

37.68
42.13
50.92
55.22
53.62

33.74
39.28
47.04
53.50
56.48

34.63
40.39
47.48
54.21
55.79

35.08
40.77
48.03
53.98
57.34

37.94
40.42
49.02
54.33
57.58

38.99
40.98
50.18
54.68
57.43

39.58
41.02
51.05
55.55
56.50

37.44
40.38
51.44
55.70
56.20

38.92
42.42
53.11
55.10
52.11

37.97
43.74
54.01
56.69
48.61

38.77
44.62
54.29
56.70
47.36

39.32
46.03
53.19
55.76
48.06

39.48
45.92
52.76
56.61
48.51

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

48.53
56.51
62.84
63.34
67.95

47.50
51.28
60.98
66.72
66.30

37.00
51.05
60.12
66.11
65.28

48.97
52.09
60.15
65.37
62.29

48.77
53.33
58.75
65.17
66.56

46.54
56.90
60.85
63.70
66.34

47.22
58.88
60.99
62.66
67.10

48.14
56.25
60.76
60.31
68.31

50.04
58.83
65.54
61.78
67.85

50.58
59.24
66.30
62.51
69.79

50.45
59.23
67.14
56.30
69.36

51.02
60.00
66.64
56.90
69.52

48.77
60.51
66.35
65.12
75.75

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

77.71
80.00
88.29
83.92
96.80

77.14
78.34
89.84
85.58
90.91

74.61
77.14
86.71
82.03
90.74

77.49
78.66
86.71
79.86
92.06

78.06
70.69
85.44
80.14
93.15

76.70
70.69
87.54
81.97
94.48

79.07
71.02
88.34
83.98
95.94

78.34
72.38
90.58
84.75
99.45

75.58
82.62
91.02
83.18
97.76

79.13
87.94
91.60
85.65
104.74

76.36
84.85
88.84
85.20
99.88

77.90
87.13
87.12
88.08
100.53

80.03
87.33
86.24
88.76
102.42




109

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

BLAST FURNACE ANO BASIC STEEL PRODUCTS - SIC 331— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

102.87
105.57
108.00
122.71
116.13

104.08
109.61
101.19
119.99
128.44

100.19
105.86
98.26
121.90
124.12

99.94
104.81
100.55
125.15
123.11

100.60
104.68
100.91
127.62
121.97

101.50
103.10
101.66
127.51
115.14

101.75
105.47
106.60
129.58
114.84

97.25
107.96
111.34
114.64
112.95

98.30
106.43
111.81
114.98
110.40

108.36
107.86
115.03
118.34
110.40

105.71
104.50
114.05
115.41
108.17

105.99
103.30
115.62
113.92
105.73

107.98
101.93
116.22
127.51
108.58

1961
1962
1963

122.92
127.40

112.06
133.50
128.44

112.67
133.90
129.89

114.27
133.90
131.27

118.80
132.84
141.70

121.76
124.68
138.28

125.06
123.71

126.80
121.77

123.80
122.68

127.43
125.00

127.83
122.42

127.33
123.39

130.00
126.68

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1932
1933
1934
1935

.519
•520
•635
.659

.571
.478
.590
.657

.580
.479
.596
.662

.565
•480
.600
•661

.560
.474
•642
•662

.561
.482
.651
.658

.499
.476
•649
.657

•484
.477
.641
.653

.480
.549
•646
.656

.478
•565
.646
.659

.478
.589
•645
.659

•481
.588
.652
.659

.481
.590
.657
•662

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.666
•815
.835
.845
.850

.656
.722
•815
.838
.843

.653
.722
.825
•838
•840

•658
.743
.825
•838
•839

.659
.847
•831
.837
•840

.658
.860
.836
.838
.844

.664
.849
.841
.842
.851

•665
.854
•841
.852
•851

.665
.854
.835
•846
•852

.658
.840
.840
•848
.857

•661
.834
•841
.850
.856

.670
.826
.844
.848
.860

.725
.825
.844
.852
.862

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.949
1.025
1.124
1.165
1.189

•865
.987
1.099
1.148
1.194

.870
.990
1.089
1.146
1.182

.877
.992
1.094
1.146
1.197

.958
.998
1.104
1.156
1.202

.970
1.002
1.115
1.156
1.209

.970
1.003
1* 122
1.167
1.215

.970
1.007
1.143
1.185
1.219

.973
1.032
1.130
1.160
1.209

.976
1.072
1.164
1.196
1.177

.974
1.065
1.143
1.174
1.144

.983
1.073
1.139
1.169
1.147

.987
1.078
1.142
1.177
1.155

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.294
1.449
1.591
1.658
1.703

1.167
1.339
1.540
1.668
1.687

1.213
1.326
1.522
1.657
1.661

1.292
1.339
1.519
1.655
1.661

1.297
1.357
1.522
1.654
1.664

1.300
1.459
1.525
1.646
1.671

1.308
1.483
1.548
1.662
1.686

1.319
1*492
1.566
1.657
1.712

1.310
1.497
1.651
1.643
1.692

1.331
1.523
1.687
1.685
1.736

1.307
1.511
1.666
1.656
1.700

1.315
1.519
1.666
1.654
1.704

1.318
1.528
1.667
1.657
1.843

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.90
2.00
2.18
2.22
2.39

1.90
1.92
2.17
2.20
2.29

1.87
1.90
2.12
2.17
2.28

1.89
1.90
2.12
2.17
2.29

1.89
1.89
2.12
2.16
2.30

1.88
1.89
2.13
2.18
2.31

1.91
1.93
2.16
2.21
2.34

1.92
1.92
2.22
2.26
2.48

1.88
2.05
2.22
2.23
2.45

1.93
2.15
2.29
2.29
2.53

1.89
2.09
2.21
2.26
2.46

1.90
2.12
2.20
2.27
2.47

1.91
2.13
2.20
2.27
2.48

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.54
2.70
2.88
3.06
3.04

2.49
2.68
2.78
3.03
3.11

2.48
2.64
2.76
3.04
3.08

2.48
2.64
2.77
3.06
3.07

2.49
2.65
2.78
3.09
3.08

2.50
2.63
2.77
3.08
3.03

2.50
2.65
2.82
3.10
3.03

2.50
2.74
2.93
3.09
3.02

2.54
2.75
2.95
3.01
3.00

2.63
2.78
2.98
3.05
3.00

2.61
2.75
2.97
2.99
2.98

2.63
2.74
2.98
2.99
2.97

2.64
2.74
2.98
3.08
3.05

1961
1962
1963

3.16
3.25

3.07
3.28
3.26

3.07
3.29
3.28

3.08
3.29
3.29

3.11
3.28
3.39

3.13
3.23
3.34

3.15
3.23

3.17
3.23

3.15
3.22

3.17
3.23

3.22
3.23

3.24
3.23

3.25
3.24

29.1
26.7
34.9
36.2

27.3
29.2
36.1
35.8

27.1
33.4
37.3
35.3

25.6
38.6
37.9
33.5

24.0
40.8
28.7
31.2

24.2
40.2
27.7
35.6

25.6
34.3
24.9
36.7

28.1
33.9
26.0
37.2

27.4
29.6
27.2
37.1

26.5
30.7
29.6
39.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1932
1933
1934
1935

26.9
32.7
31.1
35.7

29.3
26.9
30.0
33.0

29.1
28.1
32.3
36.9

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

41.4
38.6
28.8
35.5
37.1

37.7
42.8
25.0
33.8
37.0

38.2
42.8
26.4
34.2
35.3

40.6
43.3
27.1
34.5
34.6

42.2
42.4
27.7
33.7
34.3

42.7
41.1
27.6
32.9
35.4

42.6
40.3
26.5
33.7
37.0

40.0
38.2
26.0
32.1
36.4

41.6
40.6
29.4
35.7
38.1

41.2
37.6
29.8
35.2
38.4

42.5
35.8
32.0
40.0
38.7

43.6
30.8
33.7
39.1
39.0

43.6
27.4
33.9
38.9
40.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

39.7
41.1
45.3
47.4
45.1

39.0
39.8
42.8
46.6
47.3

39.8
40.8
43.6
47.3
47.2

40.0
41.1
43.9
47.1
47.9

39.6
40.5
44.4
47.0
47.9

40.2
40.9
45.0
47.3
47.5

40.8
40.9
45.5
47.6
46.5

38.6
40.1
45.0
47.0
46.1

40.0
41.1
47.0
47.5
43.1

38.9
40.8
46.4
47.4
41.3

39.8
41.9
47.5
48.3
41.4

40.0
42.9
46.7
47.7
41.9

40.0
42.6
46.2
48.1
42.0

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

37.5
39.0
39.5
38.2
39.9

40.7
38.3
39.6
40.0
39.3

30.5
38.5
39.5
39.9
39.3

37.9
38.9
39.6
39.5
37.5

37.6
39.3
38.6
39.4
40.0

35.8
39.0
39.9
38.7
39.7

36.1
39.7
39.4
37.7
39.8

36.5
37.7
38.8
36.4
39.9

38.2
39.3
39.7
37.6
40.1

38.0
38.9
39.3
37.1
40.2

38.6
39.2
40.3
34.0
40.8

38.8
39.5
40.0
34.4
40.8

37.0
39.6
39.8
39.3
41.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.9
40.0
40.5
37.8
40.5

40.6
40.8
41.4
38.9
39.7

39.9
40.6
40.9
37.8
39.8

41.0
41.4
40.9
36.8
40.2

41.3
37.4
40.3
37.1
40.5

40.8
37.4
41.1
37.6
40.9

41.4
36.8
40.9
38.0
41.0

40.8
37.7
40.8
37.5
40.1

40.2
40.3
41.0
37.3
39.9

41.0
40.9
40.0
37.4
41.4

40.4
40.6
40.2
37.7
40.6

41.0
41.1
39.6
38.8
40.7

41.9
41.0
39.2
39.1
41.3




110

T—

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

1

J—

,

February

April

March

May

Jun«

July

August

September

October

November

December

BLAST FURNACE AND BASIC STEEL PROOUCTS - SIC 331— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.5
39*1
37.5
40.1
38.2

41.8
40.9
36.4
39.6
41.3

40.4
40.1
35.6
40.1
40.3

40.3
39.7
36.3
40.9
40.1

40.4
39.5
36.3
41.3
39.6

40.6
39.2
36.7
41.4
38.0

40.7
39.8
37.8
41.8
37.9

38.9
39.4
38.0
37.1
37.4

38.7
38.7
37.9
38.2
36.8

41.2
38.8
38.6
38.8
36.8

40.5
38.0
38.4
38.6
36.3

40.3
37.7
38.8
38.1
35.6

40.9
37.2
39.0
41.4
35.6

1961
1962
1963

38.9
39.2

36.5
40.7
39.4

36.7
40.7
39.6

37.1
40.7
39.9

38.2
40.5
41.8

38.9
38.6
41.4

39.7
38.3

40.0
37.7

39.3
38.1

40.2
38.7

39.7
37.9

39.3
38.2

40.0
39.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
2.2
1.3
1.3
1.4

1.0
1.8
2.7
.9
2.4
1.3

.6
1.9
2.1
.7
2.1
1.5

.4
2.2
1.7
.7
2.0
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
(1)3.3
2.0
3.5
2.6

1.4
3.8
2.3
3.9
3.8
3.9

1.9
4.9
1.8
3.4
2.7
4.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•3
11)1.6
.4
•5
•5

.1
1.0
1.3
•1
1.2
•3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
(1)1.4
4.3
2.5
3.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
.9
2.0
1.1
1.7
1.1

1.0
2.0
•8
1.5
.9

1.4
2.5
1.0
2.1
1.3

1.2
2.2
.7
1.5
.9

1.2
2.1
.6
1.3
1.0

1.4
2.4
.7
1.5
1.1

2.0
4.4
1.3
3.5
2.1
4.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.2
3.5
4.0
2.7
3.0
2.3
2.2
€21
1.9
1.3
1.3
2.3
4.9
5.4
4.0
3.1
1.6
1.8
2.2
2.8
3.9
4.5

3.8
(2)
2.6
3.5
3.3

3.8
(2)
2.8
2.9
2.4

3.5
<21
2.2
2.3
2.6

2.1
(2)
2.2
2.1
2.9

2.5
2.3
2.2
3.1
2.7

•1
1.9
1.1
•1
1.1
•5

•1
2.3
•6
•2
•8
•6

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•1
.1
.3
.3
1.8
1.6
1.6
(2)
•4
.4
.2
•2
.9
•4
•6
•2
•4
.5
.3
f3
1.7
1.2

•4
(2)
.2
•8
•3

•4
(2)
•2
.7
•2

.5
(2)
•1
.6
•2

.4
(2)
.1
.4
•2

•5
1.2
•1
.5
.2

6.4
1.4
1.3
3.6
1.8
2.5

4.5
1.1
1.9
2.8
1.5
1.8

5.9
1.3
3.0
2.6
1.8
1.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
2.7
2.1
3.2
1.6
1.3
1.2
12)
3.3
5.0
5.3
5.4
1.9
1.9
1.9
2.1
3.6
6.3
6.1
4.8
1.7
1.7

2.0
(2)
5.0
2.3
3.9

2.7
(2)
4.9
2.7
4.2

1.8
(2)
5.9
3.2
4.2

2.0
(2)
5.3
3.1
3.3

1.6
1.6
5.3
1.8
2.6

•3
Cl).5
•3
•3
•3

•3
•3
•4
•2
•3
•2

.2
.3
.4
•2
•3
•3

.2
.4
•4
•2
.4
•3

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
•2
.2
•2
•5
•5
•6
(2)
•4
•4
.3
•3
•3
•3
•3
•2
•4
.3
.3
•3
.4
•4

•3
(2)
•4
•4
.4

.4
(2)
.5
.7
•4

•3
(2)
•2
•3
.3

•3
(2)
.2
•3
.2

.2
.8
•2
.2
•2

2.6
11).4
3.4
1.6
2.8

5.7
.7
•5
2.8
.9
1.5

3.9
•3
•9
2.0
•6
•9

5.2
•3
2.0
1.8
•8
.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.6
1.5
2.6
2.2
•5
•3
•2
12)
4.0
2.4
4.5
4.5
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.0
2.6
5.2
5.4
3.8
•6
.4

1.4
(2)
4.2
1.3
2.9

1.9
(2)
3.8
1.2
3.2

1.1
(2)
5.1
2.0
3.3

1.4
(2)
4.6
2.2
2.7

1.1
.4
4.7
1.2
1.9

520.6
233.9
548.0
546.1
494.3

534.5
223.2
531.0
554.9
493.5

546.2
217.2
522.2
550.8
485.0

548.8
598.3
505.3
546.1
480.9

554.5
643.2
490.9
549.0
485.4

16.2
22.1
20.9
19.3

15.5
21.9
20.8
19.1

21.3
15.0
21.1
20.5
18.7

21.9
20.6
20.4
18.5

22.7
20.1
2C.6
18.4

B L A S T FURN ACES.

S T E E L AND R O L L IN G M IL L S

•6
2.4
1.9
•9
1.7
2.8

-

S IC

.5
2.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.8

3312

ALL EMPLOYEES
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

531.4
515.3
577.1
526.5
522.3

564.0
559.7
647.4
485.6
558.3
486.0

539.8
581.9
648.9
487.4
568.0
499.0

524.8
607.8
643.7
493.2
571.9
512.5

505.4
622.5
629.4
504.0
571.0
531.2

.9
2.8
1.0
1.6
1.1

504.6
632.0
614.6
523.5
544.4
544.4

IN THOUSANDS
520.1
640.2
587.5
535.2
518.0

512.9
623.2
556.2
541.6
496.6

FEMALE EMPLOYEE: - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
111
12)

20.6
22.2
20.4
19.9

23.1
21.3
23.2
19.9
20.8
18.2

7 -M O N T H A V ER A G E
N O T A V A IL A B L E *




21.6
23.0
20.0
20.9
18.3

22.0
22.9
20.1
20.9
18.4

21.7
22.4
23.0
20.4
21.0
18.6

22.6
23.0
20.3
20.6
19.1

23.0
22.7
20.6
20.3

21.5
22.7
22.5
20.8
19.8

111

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yoar

February

March

April

July

May

BLAST FURNACES* STEEL AND ROLLING MILLS - SIC 3312— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

432*2
414.7
470.5
424.7
421*4

460*8
459*5
541.5
384.2
455.7
390*1

438*9
480*7
542*5
386*5
465*4
404*2

425.1
505.9
536.5
392*4
469.1
417.5

405.3
519*8
521.1
403.1
467.7
436.7

406*2
528*1
505.0
422*4
441*8
450.0

422.3
535*2
478.7
433.2
415.2

415.5
516.6
448*3
438*9
394.4

422.2
139.4
440.3
444.0
393.7

437.2
130*5
424. B
453.3
395.1

447.9
124.7
417.3
448.1
386.7

450.0
496.8
401.6
443.1
383.5

454.7
538.8
388.5
446.8
388.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

78.34
80.60
88.48
84.07
97.36

77.76
78.96
90.03
85.75
91.08

75.22
77.76
86.90
82.19
90.91

78.12
79.30
86.90
80.01
92.23

78.69
71.05
85.63
80.07
93.32

77.33
71.05
87.74
82.13
94.66

79.71
71.54
88.54
84.14
96.12

78.96
72.36
90.76
84.90
100.40

76.19
83.21
91.21
83.33
98.70

79.76
88.13
91.77
85.79
105.73

76.97
85.46
89.02
85.35
100.85

78.53
87.33
87.30
88.24
101.50

80.67
87.53
86.41
88.92
103.41

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

103.83
106.47
108.54
123.38
117.04

105.08
110.57
101.72
120.96
129.37

101.15
106.80
98.77
122.49
124.71

100.90
105.73
101.36
125.76
124.00

101.56
105.59
101.72
128.23
123.24

102.47
104.01
102.48
127.82
115.97

102.72
106.40
107.16
130.21
115.74

98.55
108.86
112.27
114.56
113.83

99.20
107.31
112.42
116.38
110.60

109.33
108.75
115.97
120.78
110.96

106.66
105.08
114.68
117.80
108.72

106.93
103.88
116.27
114.46
105.95

108.94
102.49
117.18
128.44
109.08

1961
1962
1963

123.84
128.31

112.58
135.12
129.69

113.52
135.20
131.14

115.13
135.20
132.93

120.02
134.13
143.79

123.00
125.24
139.59

126.32
124.64

128.08
122.67

125.05
123.23

129.04
126.61

128.77
123.28

128.25
124.64

130.94
127.59

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.92
2.02
2.19
2.23
2.41

1.92
1.94
2.18
2.21
2.30

1.89
1.92
2.13
2.18
2.29

1.91
1.92
2.13
2.18
2.30

1.91
1.91
2.13
2.17
2.31

1.90
1.91
2.14
2.19
2.32

1.93
1.96
2.17
2.22
2.35

1.94
1.94
2.23
2.27
2.51

1.90
2.07
2.23
2.24
2.48

1.95
2.16
2.30
2.30
2.56

1.91
2.11
2.22
2.27
2.49

1.92
2.13
2.21
2.28
2.50

1.93
2.14
2.21
2.28
2.51

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.57
2.73
2.91
3.10
3.08

2.52
2.71
2.81
3.07
3.14

2.51
2.67
2.79
3.07
3.11

2.51
2. 67
2.80
3.09
3.10

2.52
2.68
2.81
3.12
3.12

2.53
2.66
2.80
3.11
3.06

2.53
2.68
2.85
3.13
3.07

2.54
2.77
2.97
3.13
3.06

2.57
2.78
2.99
3.12
3.03

2.66
2.81
3.02
3.17
3.04

2.64
2.78
3.01
3.10
3.02

2.66
2.77
3.02
3.02
3.01

2.67
2.77
3.02
3.11
3.09

1961
1962
1963

3.20
3.29

3.11
3.32
3.30

3.11
3.33
3.32

3.12
3.33
3.34

3.15
3.32
3.44

3.17
3.27
3.38

3.19
3.28

3.21
3.28

3.19
3.26

3.21
3.28

3.26
3.27

3.28
3.28

3.29
3.28

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.8
39.9
40.4
37.7
40.4

40.5
40.7
41.3
38.8
39.6

39.8
40.5
40.8
37.7
39.7

40.9
41.3
40.8
36.7
40.1

41.2
37.2
40.2
36.9
40.4

40.7
37.2
41.0
37.5
40.8

41.3
36.5
40.8
37.9
40.9

40.7
37.3
40.7
37.4
40.0

40.1
40.2
40.9
37.2
39.8

40.9
40.8
39.9
37.3
41.3

40.3
40.5
40.1
37.6
40.5

40.9
41.0
39.5
38.7
40.6

41.8
40.9
39.1
39.0
41.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.4
39.0
37.3
39.8
38.0

41.7
40.8
36.2
39.4
41.2

40.3
40.0
35.4
39.9
40.1

40.2
39.6
36.2
40.7
40.0

40.3
39.4
36.2
41.1
39.5

40.5
39.1
36.6
41.1
37.9

40.6
39.7
37.6
41.6
37.7

38.8
39.3
37.8
36.6
37.2

38.6
38.6
37.6
37.3
36.5

41.1
38.7
38.4
38.1
36.5

40.4
37.8
38.1
38.0
36.0

40.2
37.5
38.5
37.9
35.2

40.8
37.0
38.8
41.3
35.3

1961
1962
1963

38.7
39.0

36.2
40.7
39.3

36.5
40.6
39.5

36.9
40.6
39.8

38.1
40.4
41.8

38.8
38.3
41.3

39.6
38.0

39.9
37.4

39.2
37.8

40.2
38.6

39.5
37.7

39.1
38.0

39.8
38.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
(1)3.3
2.0
3.5
2.6

1.4
4.0
2.2
4.0
3.8
4.0

1.8
5.1
1.7
3.4
2.7
4.7

1.8
4.6
1.2
3.5
2.1
4.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
4.1
2.7
2.1
3.0
2.3
2.2
(2)
1.9
2.2
1.2
1.3
5.1
3.9
3.0
5.4
2.9
1.5
1.7
2.1
4.7
3.8

3.8
(2)
2.4
3.3
3.2

3.7
(2)
2.8
2.8
2.4

3.5
(2)
2.1
2.2
2.7

2.1
(2)
2.3
2.0
3.0

2.5
2.0
2.3
3.2
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•3
(1)1.6
•3
•4
•4

.1
1.0
1.2
•1
1.1
•2

•1
1.9
1.0
•1
1.1
•4

.1
2.4
.5
•1
.7
.6

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
.2
.1
•1
1.8
1.5
1.5
(2)
•3
•3
•2
•2
•3
•8
•5
.1
•3
•2
•1
•2
1.7
1.2

•4
(2)
•2
•6
•1

•4
(2)
.1
•6
.1

•4
(2)
.1
•5
•1

•4
(2)
(3)
•3
•1

•5
1.2
(3)
•5
•1

Cl)
(2)
13)

7-MONTH AVERAGE*
NOT AVAILABLE*
LESS THAN 0*05*




112

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

Ju y
l

August

September

October

November

December

BLAST FURNACES* STEEL AND ROLLING MILLS - SIC 3312— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
(1)1.4
4.3
2.4
3.7

6.6
1.4
1.3
3.6
1.8
2.5

4.4
1.1
1.9
2.7
1.3
1.8

5.7
1.3
3.0
2.5
1.7
1.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
2.0
3.3
2.5
1.5
1.3
1.2
(2)
5.0
5.3
5.4
3.2
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.7
6.4
4.7
3.6
6.7
1.6
1.6

2.0
(2)
5.0
2.1
3.6

2.9
(2)
4.8
2.6
4.0

1.8
(2)
6.1
3.1
4.2

2.0
(2)
5.4
3.2
3.2

1.5
1.7
5.3
1.8
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.2
(1) .5
.3
•3
.3

.3
.3
•4
.2
.3
.2

.2
.3
•4
.2
•3
•2

.2
•4
.4
.2
•3
.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
.2
.2
•2
.5
.6
(2)
.5
.4
.3
•3
•3
.3
•2
.2
•2
.3
•2
.3
.2
•4
.3

.3
(2)
.3
.3
.3

.4
(2)
.4
.6
.3

.2
(2)
.2
•3
•2

.3
(2)
.2
•2
•2

.2
•8
•i
.2
•2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
(1) .4
3.5
1.5
2.8

5.9
.7
.4
2.8
.9
1.5

3.8
.3
•9
1.9
•5
•8

5.0
.3
2.0
1.7
•8
•6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
3.2
2.0
2.7
•4
.3
•2
(2)
4.5
4.1
4.5
2.2
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
5.5
3.9
2.6
5.8
•4
.5

1.4
(2)
4.3
1.2
2.8

2.1
(2)
3.7
1.1
3.1

1.2
(2)
5.3
2.1
3.4

1.5
(2)
4.7
2.3
2.6

1.0
•4
4.8
1.1
1.9

IRON AND STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 332
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

151.3
174.0

139.5
177.8

139.9
173.2

141.2
167.5

142.6
163.0

142.7
159.0

142.3
160.1

142.0
164.1

146.5
171.2

151.3
177.4

167.8
184.0

179.2
192.1

180.6
198.2

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

231.8
248.8
248.7
234.6
228.6

204.4
245.7
257.4
242.7
242.2

211.9
246.2
256.8
243.Q
243.9

216.9
247.4
255.7
240.1
243.9

222.7
249.2
255.8
236^ 0
240.4

229.2
248.1
252.3
233.3
240.3

235.9
248.3
250.6
232.7
234.4

241.1
248*8
248.6
231.3
226.3

243.8
250.7
246.2
232.5
219.9

245.2
249.3
241.5
230.1
208.2

243.8
249.2
240.6
229.8
211.1

244.1
250.3
239.5
231.1
213.7

242.9
252.6
239.5
232.7
218.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

233.0
256.8
257.4
212.7
223.6

225.6
255.6
261.2
251.3
192.9

174.6
257.1
261.5
244.8
197.6

214.5
258.1
262.6
238.4
202.1

233.3
257.5
25718
223.3
208.7

233.1
257.8
254.8
210.9
213.2

235.2
257.0
255.4
208.1
219.7

242*1
25140
24746
200.2
221.4

242.8
256.1
252.3
201.0
232.4

246.9
255.9
259.0
196.0
240.8

244.6
257.4
260.4
193.8
245.6

251.6
258.8
259.4
191.0
252.2

251.5
259.7
257.1
193.7
256.8

264.2
261.8
259.4
219.4
214.5

267.3
258.9
259.2
217.4
221.2

269.5
257.5
259.1
215.9
225.2

270.6
257.5
256.2
211.5
229.7

271.5
254.4
254.3
211.3
230.4

264.8
243.8
248.3
206.0
230.1

267.3
249.6
242.0
206.2
233.8

267.0
255.2
241.7
203.4
238.0

266.9
256.0
234.6
203.1
241.5

268.1
259.6
228.3
204.4
244.1

266.7
261.0
226.9
206.5
247.3

1951

267.0

1952

256.6

1953
1954
1955

247.6
210.7
230.5

260.1
264.2
260.8
223.1
209.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

242.9
233.5
192.4
211.8
204.7

247.5
247.3
216.0
200.4
215.0

247.0
246.2
206.5
204.3
216.7

244.1
241.1
198.1
209.0
211.0

244.3
237.8
191.3
213.0
210.9

240.1
236.0
186.4
214.6
206.3

238.6
235.1
185.7
219.2
209.3

237.5
230*2
183.6
217.7
203.6

240.5
231.4
180.0
214.1
197.2

238.0
224.3
187.1
215.2
200.7

244.8
228.0
181.5
215.1
197.8

245.1
223.1
194.2
203.7
195.4

247.6
222.0
198.5
215.2
192.9

1961
1962
1963

186.7
193.6

188.5
190.5
193.4

184.1
194.4
194.4

182.5
194.1
195.1

181.3
195.4
197.2

185.4
194.7
198.4

187.9
195.1

186.8
192.2

187.7
191.9

187.6
194.7

185.8
193.8

190.7
193.0

191.8
193.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
4950

8.9

9.6

10.0

10.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

10.9
11.9
14.3
10.7
9.7

11.6
12.6
13.5
10.1
9.9

11.7
13.4
12.9
9.5
9.7

12.0
13.8
11.7
9.3
10.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

10.6
11.6
10.3
9.4
9.9

9.4
10.1

9.5
10.0

10.7
11.2
9.5
9.5
9.8

9.6
9.0

9.7
9.4

11.0
10.3
8.9
9.6
9.3

9.4
9.1

9.8
9.2

9.0
8.9
8.8

9.0
8.9
8.8

8.9
8.8
8.9

8.6
8.8
8.7

8.6
8.8

8.6
8.8

8.5
8.8

8.9
8.8

8.8
8.8

1961
1962
1963
(1)
(2)

9.6
9.5
8.8
8.8

7-MONTH AVERAGE.
NOT AVAILABLE.




-

9.7
9.6

9.8
9.4

10.9
11.0
9.3
9.6
9.3

8.7
8.8
9.0

8.8
8.8

8.7
8.8

113

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

Ju y
l

August

September

October

November

December

IRON ANO STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 332— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

131.1
151.7

120.8
154.2

121.2
150.3

122.3
145.6

123.5
141.8

123.6
138.5

123.4
139.6

123.0
143.1

126.9
149.5

131.0
155.0

145.3
161.0

155.2
168.3

156.4
173.8

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

204.7
222.3
224.2
210.2
203.0

179.5
218.4
231.4
218.2
215.8

186.3
219.1
231.1
218.2
217.1

190.9
220.2
230.4
215.6
216.8

196.0
222.0
230.7
211.7
213.5

201.9
221.3
227.8
209.0
213.4

208.1
221.7
226.5
208.5
207.9

212.9
222.4
224.7
207.0
200.7

215.5
224.4
222.3
207.9
195.1

217.0
223.4
217.8
205.7
184.7

216.0
223.5
216.5
205.2
187.2

216.5
224.8
215.8
206.4
189.6

215.7
226.8
215.6
208.7
194.1

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

207.1
228.8
228.7
184.8
196.4

202.1
228.3
233.0
222.1
166.9

154.9
229.6
233.3
215.4
171.5

190.3
230.2
234.0
209.6
176.0

206.9
229.4
229.2
194.5
181.6

206.8
229.7
226.0
182.4
186.3

208.6
229.0
226.8
180.0
192.7

215.0
223.4
218.9
172.0
194.4

215.6
227.7
223.3
173.1
205.0

219.5
227.8
230.3
169.1
213.1

217.7
229.3
231.2
167.4
217.6

223.9
230.3
230.6
164.8
223.2

224.1
231.4
228.3
167.4
228.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

237.3
226.1
217.5
182.5
201.8

231.0
234.3
230.0
193.7
182.4

235.1
231.2
228.8
190.9
187.3

238.2
228.1
228.9
188.9
193.3

239.9
226.9
228.8
187.6
197.3

240.8
226.9
225.7
183.4
201.4

241.6
223.6
223.8
183.4
201.8

235.4
213.3
217.8
178.4
201.1

237.6
218.9
211.8
178.2
204.6

237.4
224.8
211.7
174.9
209.0

236.5
225.5
205.5
175.1
211.6

237.8
229.5
199.1
176.8
214.1

236.8
230.5
197.6
179.2
217.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

211.2
201.0
162.7
181.5
173.3

217.3
214.7
184.4
171.3
183.8

216.1
213.0
175.3
174.8
185.0

212.9
208.3
167.5
179.3
179.4

213^0
205.0
161.0
183.1
179.3

208.4
203.4
156.5
185.0
174.8

206.6
202.7
156.1
189.0
177.9

205.2
198.0
154.4
187.1
172.1

208.5
198.8
150.8
183.1
165.8

205.6
192.0
158.3
184.3
169.5

212.5
194.9
152.5
184.2
165.9

213.0
191.0
166.0
172.7
164.4

214.9
190.0
169.5
184.2
161.9

1961
1962
1963

156.6
163.7

157.8
161.1
163.7

153.7
164.6
164.5

152.1
164.6
165.2

151.3
165.5
167.4

155.7
165.0
168.6

157.9
165.2

156.6
161.8

157.8
161.9

158.0
164.5

155.8
163.6

160.9
163.0

162.0
163.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

55.73
59.45
55.98
66.26

53.64
58.30
59.78
59.07

52.92
57.87
59.55
60.17

54.02
58.76
56.38
61.39

54.23
57.34
54.32
63.44

55.80
57.83
53.14
64.26

56.66
58.63
54.35
65.80

55.95
58.71
54.50
65.45

54.34
60.13
54.39
67.16

57.00
60.95
55.28
68.67

57.49
61.90
55.69
71.16

57.34
61.41
54.72
70.36

58.87
61.56
58.12
73.52

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

72.84
73.28
77.64
75.45
86.48

72.60
73.78
76.18
75.45
80.15

72.21
72.91
77.93
73.90
82.94

73.92
72.80
80.28
73.90
83.56

73.85
71.51
79.71
74.10
85.40

73.35
72.45
78.58
73.91
87.44

73.18
72.51
79.76
74.67
85.40

71.32
68.68
78.66
74.09
84.84

71.99
70.93
77.87
75.24
85.45

72.85
75.06
76.38
75.25
88.37

72.85
77.41
75.60
77.01
90.29

72.16
75.58
75.03
77.39
90.50

74.39
78.26
76.76
79.35
89.86

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

88.83
88.98
86.86
97.04
96.61

88.20
90.25
83.68
94.41
99.94

87.78
89.32
83.68
94.64
99.10

88.20
88.66
83.68
97.12
99.25

89.03
88.22
82.90
98.01
94.85

87.57
88.40
83.81
100.28
96.47

87.36
90.09
86.25
100.85
97.61

86.94
89.87
87.09
98.25
96.97

87.78
89.38
87.17
95.76
95.59

89.45
90.63
89.09
95.74
95. 63

90.07
88.01
88.62
95.11
95.00

89.40
86.94
91.96
93.27
93.62

92.86
87.78
94.64
98.65
93.62

1961
1962
1963

98.81
106.52

92.25
102.70
108.14

93.13
104.40
110.83

94.00
105.85
110.15

95.63
106.11
110.15

98.67
106.90
112.98

100.19
109.41

100.33
106.90

99.96
103.34

98.81
107.45

101.38
106.52

103.86
107.73

107.30
109.88

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.330
1.436
1.481
1.559

1.271
1.388
1.487
1.503

1.269
1.391
1.485
1.508

1.280
1.399
1.476
1.512

1.285
1.402
1.476
1.5*5

1.316
1.407
1*472
1.530

1.349
1.423
1.477
1.541

1.345
1.432
1.477
1.540

1.345
1.449
1.478
1.551

1.367
1.483
1.486
1.575

1.372
1.488
1.485
1.599

1.375
1.487
1.483
1.610

1.382
1.487
1.494
1.641

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.69
1.77
1.88
1.91
2.03

1.65
1.74
1.84
1.91
1.95

1.66
1.74
1.86
1.89
1.97

1.68
1.75
1.88
1.89
1.98

1.69
1.74
1.88
1.90
2.00

1.69
1.75
1.88
1.90
2.01

1.69
1.76
1.89
1.90
2.00

1.69
1.73
1.90
1.89
2.02

1.69
1.76
1.89
1.90
2.02

1.71
1.80
1.90
1.91
2.06

1.71
1.83
1.89
1.93
2.09

1.71
1.83
1.89
1.93
2.09

1.73
1.85
1.90
1.94
2.08

L956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.12
2.23
2.31
2.42
2.49

2.09
2.18
2.28
2.39
2.48

2.08
2.20
2.28
2.39
2.49

2.09
2.20
2.28
2.41
2.50

2.09
2.20
2.29
2.42
2.47

2.09
2.21
2.29
2.44
2.48

2.10
2.23
2.30
2.43
2.49

2.10
2.23
2.31
2.42
2.48

2.11
2.24
2.30
2.40
2.47

2.14
2.26
2.32
2.43
2.51

2.16
2.28
2.32
2.42
2.50

2.17
2.27
2.37
2.41
2.49

2.19
2.28
2.39
2.46
2.51

1961
1962
1963

2.54
2.63

2.50
2.62
2.67

2.49
2.61
2.69

2.50
2.62
2.68

2.51
2.62
2.68

2.53
2.62
2.69

2.53
2.63

2.54
2.62

2.55
2.59

2.54
2.64

2.56
2.63

2.59
2.66

2.63
2.68

1947
1948
1949
1950

41.9
41.4
37.8
42.5

42.2
42.0
40.2
39.3

41.7
41.6
40.1
39.9

42.2
42.0
38.2
40.6

40.4
41.5
36.8
43.3

41.7
41.1
37.2
43.6

41.9
41.6
37.5
44.5

41.7
41.3
36.9
43.7

42.6
41.4
38.9
44.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION- WORKER lIVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




42.2
40.9
36.8
41.6

42.4
41.1
36.1
42.0

42.0
41.2
36.8
42.7

41.6
41.0
36.9
42.5

114

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

S#pltivib9f

October

November

December

IRON AND STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 332— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION—WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.1
41.4
41.3
39.5
42.6

44.0
42.4
41.4
39.5
41.1

43.5
41.9
41.9
39.1
42.1

44.0
41.6
42.7
39.1
42.2

43.7
41.1
42.4
39.0
42.7

43.4
41.4
41.8
38.9
43.5

43.3
41.2
42.2
39.3
42.7

42.2
39.7
41.4
39.2
42.0

42.6
40.3
41.2
39.6
42.3

42.6
41.7
40.2
39.4
42.9

42.6
42.3
40.0
39.9
43.2

42.2
41.3
39.7
40.1
43.3

43.0
42.3
40.4
40.9
43.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.9
39.9
37.6
40.1
38.8

42.2
41.4
36.7
39.5
40.3

42.2
40.6
36.7
39.6
39.8

42.2
40.3
36.7
40.3
39.7

42.6
40.1
36.2
40.5
38.4

41.9
40.0
36.6
41.1
38.9

41.6
40.4
37.5
41.5
39.2

41.4
40.3
37.7
40.6
39.1

41.6
39.9
37.9
39.9
38.7

41.8
40.1
38.4
39.4
38.1

41.7
38.6
38.2
39.3
38.0

41.2
38.3
38.8
38.7
37.6

42.4
38.5
39.6
40.1
37.3

1961
1962
1963

38.9
40.5

36.9
39.2
40.5

37.4
40.0
41.2

37.6
40.4
41.1

38.1
40.5
41.1

39.0
40.8
42.0

39.6
41.6

39.5
40.8

39.2
39.9

38.9
40.7

39.6
40.5

40.1
40.5

40.8
41.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.4
2.7
1.9
2.3
2.8

1.6
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.5

2.0
2.8
1.9
2.2
2.7

1.6
2.5
1.8
2.4
2.9

2.0
2.2
1.7
2.7
3.0

2.4
2.6
1.6
3.1
3.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.0
2.4
1.7
4.9
4.6
4.6
3*8
2.7
3.0
2.7
2.2
3.1
4.7
4.1
3.7
3.4
4.2
3.5
3.2
3.4
3.5

3.9
4.3
3.1
3.7
3.6

4.0
3.8
3.0
3.4
3.3

3.6
2.7
2.8
4.0
3.1

3.1
2.4
2.6
2.8
2.4

3.2
4.4
2.1
2.7
2.4

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.8
1.2
3.2
2.3
3.3
•9
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.6
1.6
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.4

1.3
2.9
1.3
2.0
2.3

1.4
2.5
1.1
1.9
1.8

1.5
1.7
.9
1.6
1.5

1.3
1.2
.7
1.4
1.2

1.4
1.1
•5
1.3
1.3

5.0
3.1
4.1
3.9
3.3
3.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.8
3.3
3.0
4.1
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.2
4.7
4.0
3.4
3.2
2.9
3.1
2.7
2.b
3.3
3.5
3.3
2.8
2.8
3.2

3.7
3.4
4.4
3.8
4.1

3.1
4.6
4.9
3.7
3.4

3.0
4.4
4.1
2.9
3.8

2.5
5.2
4.5
2.9
2.9

2.4
2.7
5.0
2.3
2.6

•4
.9
•9
.4
•8
.7

.5
1.1
.8
.5

•8
1.6
1.0
1.0
1.5

.9
1.8
1.1
1.2
1.4

.9
1.1
.6
.8
.9

.7
•8
.5
.7
•8

•5
.7
.4
.7
•6

.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.5
.5
.5
1.4
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.0
•8
.9
•8
.7
.7
.7
.7
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.2

3.6
1.5
1.7
2.8

4.1
1.3
2.6
2.8
1.4
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
2.5
3.3
2.1
•9
1 .0
1.0
1.2
2.6
3.1
1.8
2.1
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.2
.9
1.7
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.3

2.5
1.1
2.9
2.1
1.7

1.8
2.1
3.2
1.8
1.4

1.7
2.7
3.0

1.5
1.6
4.2

1.9

1.5
3.8
3.6
1.7
1.5

105.5
125.0
115.2
113.5
113.6

111.6
125.0
119.9
113.3
115.9

105.5
126.3
117.1
110.6
116.5

116.6
120.0
116.0
115.4
116.2

118.6
127.3
114.6
115.6
116.7

4.8
4.5
4.4
4.5

4.8
4.8
4.5
4.5

4.1
4.3
4.7
4.4
4.5

4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5

4.9
4.6
4.5
4.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.7
2.1
2.1
2.9

1.3
2.3
2.9
1.4
2.6
3.1

1.4
2.5
2.8
1.5
2.6
3.6

1.2
2.7
2.6
1.5
3.0
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
4.2
2.9
3.5
3.5

1.8
4.6
4.0
4.1
5.2
3.4

1.8
4.6
3.2
2.5
3.2
3.5

2.1
5.4
2.8
3.7
4.4
3.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
2.4
1.2
1.4
2.0

.7
2.2
1.9
•8
2.2
1.6

.5
2.3
1.7
•6
1.9
1.8

•6
2.9
1.4
•8
2.2
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
3.5
4.0
3.4
3.2

5.7
3.1
2.8
6.1
3.2
2.8

4.4
2.9
3.2
3.7
2.7
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
1.2
•8
.7
1.0

.6
•8
•8
.5
.8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
1.7
2.7
2.0
1.4

4.7
1.8
1.5
5.1
1.3
1.1

1.0

1.2.

1 .0

1.0
2.9
1.8
1.7
2.8
3.1

1.1
3.2
2.0
1.9
3.2
3.9

NEW HIRES
•4
3.0
1.2
1.3
2.2
2.3

1.4
3.3
2.1
2.2
3.4

1.0

1.0

1.3

GRAY IRON FOUNDRIES - SIC 3321
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

113.4
124.4
120.7
112.0
115.8

125.6
119.8
127.8
112.4
113.3
116.3

4.7
4.8
4.5
4.5

4.9
4.6
5.0
4.6
4.5
4.5

120.1
121.5
127.5
108.9
116.7
116.6

115.3
123.2
121.8
108.6
116.2
117.4

112.1
124.8
122.9
109.3
116.7
117.8

110.8
124.7
120.6
111.3
115.7
118.9

109.8
128.0
123.9
112.7
117.2

109.0
126.9
120.8
112.2
115.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963




4.6
5.0
4.6
4.6
4.5

4.7
4.9
4.5
4.5
4.6

4.5
4.7
4.9
4.4
4.5
4.4

4.7
4.9
4.4
4.5
4.5

4.8
4.8
4.5
4.5

4.4
4.8
4.7
4.4
4.6

115

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

February

April

June

July

nb

GRAY IRON F0UN0R1ES - SIC 3321— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

97.5
108.3
103.9
95.7
99.2

108.6
106.2
111.3
96.1
97.2
99.9

103.3
105.9
110.6
92.8
100.1
100.0

98.8
107.5
105.0
92.6
99.9
100.8

96.0
109.0
106.1
93.1
100.0
101.3

96.8
109.2
103.8
95.3
99.2
102.6

96.0
111.9
107.1
96.5
100.6

93.6
110.5
106.0
95.9
98.6

89.9
108.6
98.6
97.1
96.8

96.2
108.6
103.3
96.9
99.0

90.1
109.7
100.0
96.1
99.7

101.6
103.6
99.6
98.9
99.5

103.0
110.8
98.1
99.1
100.1

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1967
1968
1969
(950

56.16
58.65
55.25
66.13

55.67
57.76
58.60
58.77

56.68
57.37
58.39
59.95

55.20
58.08
56.68
60.86

55.38
55.70
52.60
63.08

56.96
56.26
51.36
66.30

57.99
57.62
53.56
65.15

56.36
58.37
53.50
66.95

53.93
58.87
53.87
67.63

57.00
59.86
55.91
69.06

56.96
60.62
56.98
71.53

56.28
60.18
55.18
70.30

58.28
60.36
58.28
73.27

1951
1952
1953
1956
1955

71.21
71.10
76.18
75.01
85.60

71.77
71.57
73.57
76.82
79.71

71.18
69.70
76.75
72.91
82.69

73.21
70.62
77.78
72.73
82.91

72.21
69.19
78.38
73.87
86.96

72.06
69.60
77.10
73.87
87.16

71.71
69.63
78.07
76.61
86.12

69.30
65.63
77.19
76.03
86.82

70.05
69.69
75.99
76.80
83.98

70.31
73.92
75.16
76.82
86*86

70.67
75.56
75.33
76.38
89.60

69.66
73.16
76.77
77.36
89.60

71.69
75.00
75.70
79.10
87.31

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

85.28
85.67
86.52
95.27
96.67

86.66
86.68
80.06
91.96
99.72

86.65
85.57
80.28
92.12
98.60

85.07
86.50
80.73
96.56
97.66

86.50
86.28
80.62
95.75
92.83

86.06
86.66
82.21
98.67
96.77

83.86
86.76
86.60
99.01
95.65

83.85
87.16
85.20
96.70
96.86

85*28
86.51
85.12
93.83
93.27

85.70
87.36
87.60
96.96
93.10

86.31
85.19
86.18
95.20
92.86

86.07
86.52
89.55
92.28
91.26

90.30
86.90
92.20
98.25
90.52

1961
1962
1963

96.61
103.83

88.70
99.85
106.37

89.91
101.26
108.36

91.50
103.57
108.62

93.59
103.62
108.21

96.97
106.65
110.06

97.96
106.66

99.25
106.65

97.25
99.90

95.62
105.26

98.75
105.26

102.51
106.69

105.26
108.09

1967
1968
1969
1950

1.306
1.605
1.650
1.538

1.255
1.359
1.656
1.673

1.260
1.366
1.669
1.686

1.266
1.373
1.639
1.686

1.276
1.372
1.661
1.502

1.303
1.379
1.638
1*513

1.330
1.397
1.667
1.515

1.323
1.610
1.666
1.521

1.309
1.622
1.668
1.536

1.335
1.666
1.656
1.559

1.337
1.669
1.661
1.586

1.360
1.650
1.656
1.596

1.366
1.651
1.668
1.621

1951
1952
1953
1956
1955

1.66
1.73
1.86
1.88
2.00

1.62
1.70
1.79
1.88
1.93

1.66
1.70
1.81
1.86
1.95

1.66
1.71
1.83
1.86
1.96

1.66
1.70
1.86
1.87
1.98

1.66
1.71
1.86
1.87
1.99

1.66
1.71
1.85
1.87
1.97

1.65
1.67
1.86
1.86
2.01

1.66
1.72
1.86
1.87
1.99

1.67
1.76
1.86
1.88
2.02

1.67
1.79
1.86
1.90
2.06

1.67
1.78
1.86
1.91
2.06

1.69
1.79
1.86
1.92
2.06

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.06
2.18
2.26
2.37
2.66

2.06
2.13
2.23
2.36
2.65

2.03
2.15
2.23
2.35
2.66

2.06
2.15
2.23
2.37
2.66

2.06
2.15
2.26
2.37
2.63

2.03
2.16
2.26
2.39
2.63

2.06
2.18
2.25
2.38
2.66

2.05
2.19
2.26
2.37
2.62

2.06
2.19
2.26
2.36
2.61

2.07
2.20
2.27
2.38
2.65

2.10
2.23
2.25
2.38
2.65

2.12
2.23
2.32
2.36
2.66

2.15
2.26
2.36
2.62
2.66

1961
1962
1963

2.69
2.57

2.63
2.58
2.62

2.63
2.55
2.63

2.66
2.57
2.63

2.65
2.56
2.62

2.68
2.56
2.62

2.68
2.57

2.50
2.56

2.50
2.51

2.69
2.58

2.50
2.58

2.55
2.61

2.58
2.63

1967
1968
1969
1950

63.0
61.6
38.1
63.0

66.2
62.5
60.3
39.9

63.6
62.0
60.3
60.6

63.6
62.3
38.0
61.0

63.6
60.6
36.5
62.0

63.7
60.8
35.7
62.5

63.6
61.1
37.0
63.0

62.6
61.6
37.0
62.7

61.2
61.6
37.2
63.9

62.7
61.6
38.6
66.3

62.6
61.7
39.0
65.1

62.0
61.5
37.9
66.1

63.3
61.6
39.7
65.2

1951
1952
1953
1956
1955

62.9
61.1
61.6
39.9
62.7

66.3
62.1
61.1
39.8
61.3

63.6
61.0
61.3
39.2
62.3

66.1
61.3
62.5
39.1
62.3

63.5
60.7
62.6
39.5
62.9

63.6
60.7
61.9
39.5
63.8

63.2
60.6
62.2
39.9
62.7

62.0
39.3
61.5
39.8
62.2

62.2
60.6
61.3
60.0
62.2

62.1
62.0
60.6
39.8
63.0

62.2
62.2
60.5
60.2
63.6

61.7
61.1
60.2
60.5
63.6

62.3
61.9
60.7
61.2
62.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

61.6
39.3
37.6
60.2
38.8

61.5
60.6
35.9
39.3
60.7

61.7
39.8
36.0
39.2
60.0

61.7
39.3
36.2
39.9
39.7

62.6
39.2
35.9
60.6
38.2

61.6
39.1
36.7
61.2
39.0

61.1
39.8
37.6
61.6
39.2

60.9
39.8
37.7
60.8
39.2

61.6
39.5
38.0
60.1
38.7

61.6
39.7
38.5
39.9
38.0

61.1
38.2
38.3
60.0
37.9

60.6
37.9
38.6
39.1
37.6

62.0
37.9
39.6
60.6
37.1

1961
1962
1963

38.8
60.6

36.5
38.7
60.6

37.0
39.7
61.2

37.5
60.3
61.3

38.2
60.6
61.3

39.1
60.8
62.0

39.5
61.5

39.7
60.8

38.9
39.8

38.6
60.8

39.5
60.8

60.2
60.8

60.8
61.1

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
6.2
2.8
3.5
3.7

1.8
6.8
6.0
6.6
5.6
3.3

1.9
6.6
3.0
2.5
3.0
3.3

2.5
5.0
2.7
6.2
6.8
2.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.5
6.1
3.3
6.8
6.6
5.0
6.3
2.7
2.9
3.1
2.6
2.9
6.9
3.6
6.0
3.6
6.5
3.6
3.3
3.3
3.1

3.9
6.7
3.6
3.6
3.9

6.3
6.3
2.7
2.9
3.6

3.3
2.7
2.7
6.0
3.6

3.1
2.6
2.1
2.5
2.6

3.2
2.7
1.9
2.6
2.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




116

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

GRAY IRON FOUNDRIES - SIC 3321— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•8
1.6
1.0
3.4
3.1
2.4
1.5
1.0
1.1
1.6
1.7
1.8
2.8
2.4
2.0
2.1

1.4
2.9
1.4
2.1
2.5

1.5
2.6
1.2
1.9
2.0

1.6
1.6

4.0
3.3
4.2
3.4
3.7
2.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.2
3.9
3.8
2.9
3.3
3.5
3.5
3.6
3.6
4.8
4.2
3.2
2.3
3.3
2.7
3.0
3.4
3.0
3.8
3.0
2.5
2.9

3.7
3.6
4.3
4.0
4.5

.6
1.1
.9
.5
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
.7
.7
•6
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.7
.9
.9
.9
1.1
•8
.7
.7
.8
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.3
1.2

3.1
1.5
2.5
2.5
1.5
1.1

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
2.9
1.9
3.1
1.0
1.5
1.2
1.2
2.7
3.0
1.7
2.1
1.5
1.2
1.1
1.1
•8
.9
•6
1.8
•8
1.0

2.3
1.3
2.7
2.2
1.7

1.8
1.6
2.6
2.1
1.1

1.4
2.6
2.6
.8

22.4
28.4
25.0
22.2
24.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
2.4
1.2
1.4
2.0

.7
2.4
2.1
.9
1.9
1.6

.7
2.3
1.7
.6
1.8
1.8

.8
2.8
1.4
•8
2.0
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
3.5
3.9
3.4
3.3

5.3
3.2
2.6
6.5
3.3
2.8

3.7
3.0
3.2
3.6
2.8
2.9

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.3
.9
.8
1.1

•6
.9
.9
.5
•8
.8

.5
.9
.9
.4
.9
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
1.6
2.5
1.9
1.2

4.3
1.9
1.3
5.5
1.2

2.8
1.7
1.6
2.7
•9
1.1

1. 0

1.0

NEW HIRES
•6
2.9
1.3
1.3
2.1
2.2

1.7
1.8

1.4
1.4
.7
1.4
1.4

1.7
1.1
.5
1.3
1.3

3.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
3.2

2.7
4.3
3.8
2.8
3.1

2.5
3.3
4.1
2.7
2.7

2.7
2.9
5.1
2.2
2.5

1.0

1.0

1.7
1.1
1.1
1.7

1.9
1.1
1.3
1.5

.9
1.1
.7
.8

.8
.9
.5
.7
.9

.6
.7
•4
.7
•6

1.0

1.3
1.8
3.2
1.5
1.2

1.8
1.7
4.3
1.0
1.1

24.2
30.0
24.8
22.2
24.8

23.5
29.9
25.4
23.0
24.5

26.1
25.7
24.4
23.7
24.8

26.4
29.4
23.6
23.8
24.9

1.7
1.6
1.4
1.4

1.8
1.6
1.4
1.4

1.6
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.4

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4

1.8
1.6
1.5
1.4

18.8
23.9
20;5
18.2
20.1

20.5
25.6
20.3
18.3
20.7

19.7
25.4
20.9
18.9
20.4

22.4
21.1
20.0
19.7
20.7

22.7
24.8
19.2
19.8
20.8

1. 0

1. 0

MALLEABLE IRON FOUNDRIES - SIC 3322
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
24.1
28.4
26.4
22.5
24.1

27.0
26.8
29.3
22.8
24.0
25.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
1.7
1.5
1.4

1.8
1.7
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.4

1.7
1.9
1.5
1.5
1.4

1.7
1.9
1.5
1.4
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.2
24.1
21.9
18.5
20.1

22.8
22.8
24.7
18.4
20.0
20.9

21.2
23.4
25.0
17.9
20.1
20.8

19.8
24.0
24.6
17.3
19.6
20.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

25.3
27.5
29.6
22.2
24.1
24.9

23.8
28.1
29.2
21.5
23.6
24.9

22.6
28.5
28.2
21.6
24.0
25.3

22.2
28.9
26.2
22.3
24.1
25.0

22.6
29.2
26.3
22.7
23.6

22.5
28.7
25.0
22.4
22.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1.6
1.7
1.9
1.4
1.4
1.4

1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.6

1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4

1.6
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
18.7
24.3
23.6
17.5
20.0
21.2

18.4
24.7
21.6
18.4
20.1
20.8

18.8
24.9
21.8
18.7
19.6

18.8
24.4
20.5
16.3
18.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

24.46
25.65

22.94
25.64

24.40
24.24

22.97
24.67

22.49
24.57

23.25
23.84

22.23
23.81

23.01
24.95

25.11
26.42

25.11
26.69

27.78
27.12

27.12
27.63

27.26
28.99

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

31.82
37.46
45.79
50.71
49.28

28.89
34.32
40.95
49.62
52.28

29.30
35.70
43.30
50.16
52.19

29.72
35.90
44.66
49.84
52.02

29.78
36.27
45.50
48.24
52.09

31.51
36.34
45.44
49.66
50.55

32.56
36.07
45.62
50.63
50.99

31.71
36.31
43.57
49.88
48.57

32.71
37.39
45.59
50.34
42.10

33.73
38.74
47.55
51.84
46.17

34.15
40.38
49.57
52.53
47.76

33.45
40.15
48.77
51.76
46.45

34.53
41.50
49.69
52.92
50.31

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

49.17
55.15
60.01
55.11
66.36

48.06
52.58
58.98
59.79
60.10

46.76
52.97
58.83
57.60
60.10

46.86
53.32
59.35
54.57
62.57

47.72
53.92
57.99
53.77
64.14

44.95
55.44
58.81
52.35
64.17

47.83
55.50
58.56
54.50
66.77

49.33
55.90
59.63
54.29
65.69

51.23
51.34
59.79
54.30
67.22

51.52
56.44
61.59
54.81
68.60

52.18
57.97
64.18
53.11
70.11

51.90
58.28
61.34
51.92
70.24

51.37
58.20
62.23
58.24
73.01

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

73.25
71.71
78.14
75.08
85.06

72.50
71.91
76.89
73.92
80.99

71.74
71.20
82.03
71.23
84.00

74.48
69.99
82.84
75.85
84.20

75.86
69.63
80.90
73.72
85.85

74.30
72.22
80.45
73.15
88.74

72.21
73.38
80.73
72.39
86.46

70.69
72.73
65.87
61.41
79.30 ^ 76.78
70.67
76.24
81.60
82.81

72.98
74.99
74.30
75.26
85.90

72.86
76.70
75.06
78.20
84.05

72.04
76.36
72.77
79.79
87.15

74.05
77.83
74.50
80.38
88.19




117

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

MALLEABLE IRON FOUNDRIES - SIC 3322— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

85.06
85.65
87.55
96.00
94.35

87.57
87.48
82.26
95.12
100.19

85.49
86.62
85.20
95.68
97.17

85.08
84.71
83.90
96.56
96.62

84.46
83.21
80.00
97.44
91.72

82.21
85.32
82.63
99.05
90.77

79.56
86.11
87.71
97.92
93.35

82.40
85.06
87.10
96.87
94.67

84.02
84.53
87.71
96.56
93.48

87.74
88.70
91.26
93. 80
93.37

86.90
85.50
86.16
93.17
95.26

86.67
86.78
96.56
93.69
92.62

87.31
87.46
98.98
97.11
91.48

1961
1962
1963

99.06
107.59

93.37
103.48
113.85

92.25
101.91
117.18

94.13
105.97
113.03

94.38
105.44
112.61

100.58
110.54
116.89

99.29
110.77

98.11
107.27

102.54
104.80

99.82
108.00

101.75
108.40

102.68
108.68

108.77
113.85

1939
1940

•691
.699

•695
•691

•699
.681

.692
.695

.692
.694

.690
•695

•682
•690

•691
.691

•686
.699

.686
.708

.691
.708

.690
.714

.692
.723

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.778
•894
1.013
1.079
1.105

.724
•839
.950
1.058
1.103

.727
•848
.973
1.065
1.108

.732
•865
.988
1.065
1.114

.739
.874
1.000
1.058
1.113

.763
.880
1.003
1.068
1.116

.779
•882
1.007
1.075
1.099

.785
•890
1.004
1.068
1.089

.790
.912
1.013
1.071
1.105

.805
.918
1.059
1.096
1.089

.821
.937
1.057
1.099
1.098

.828
•936
1.051
1.099
1.106

•834
.939
1.055
1.114
1.123

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.214
1.365
1.478
1.535
1.599

1.110
1.295
1.428
1.537
1.561

1.108
1.295
1.421
1.536
1.549

1.143
1.310
1.430
1.520
1.572

1.161
1.312
1.439
1.532
1.572

1.205
1.349
1.438
1.513
1.565

1.214
1.384
1.453
1.531
1.586

1.227
1.387
1.476
1.538
1.583

1.265
1.380
1.491
1.534
1.593

1.272
1.404
1.532
1.557
1.618

1.282
1.414
1.554
1.535
1.638

1.291
1.418
1.545
1.536
1.645

1.281
1.423
1.548
1.549
1.667

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.74
1.82
1.92
1.94
2.03

1.69
1.78
1.88
1.93
1.99

1.68
1.78
1.93
1.92
2.00

1.72
1.79
1.94
1.93
2.00

1.74
1.79
1.94
1.94
2.02

1.74
1.81
1.92
1.93
2.04

1.74
1.83
1.95
1.91
2.02

1.72
1.79
1.92
1.91
2.00

1.74
1.78
1.91
1.94
2.01

1.75
1.87
1.91
1.96
2.05

1.76
1.88
1.91
1.96
2.04

1.77
1.89
1.91
1.98
2.07

1.78
1.88
1.92
1.97
2.08

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.09
2.19
2.31
2.40
2.47

2.09
2.16
2.26
2.39
2.48

2.07
2.16
2.26
2.38
2.46

2.07
2.15
2.28
2.39
2.44

2.06
2.15
2.26
2.40
2.42

2.05
2.16
2.27
2.41
2.44

2.04
2.18
2.29
2.40
2.45

2.06
2.17
2.28
2.38
2.44

2.09
2.19
2.29
2.39
2.46

2.14
2.24
2.34
2.43
2.51

2.13
2.25
2.31
2.42
2.52

2.14
2.26
2.42
2.39
2.51

2.14
2.26
2.42
2.44
2.52

1961
1962
1963

2.54
2.65

2.51
2.60
2.75

2.50
2.58
2.79

2.51
2.61
2.75

2.51
2.61
2.76

2.54
2.67
2.77

2.52
2.65

2.49
2.61

2.57
2.62

2.54
2.66

2.55
2.67

2.58
2.69

2.64
2.75

1939
1940

35.4
36.7

33.0
37.1

34.9
35.6

33.2
35.5

32.5
35.4

33.7
34.3

32.6
34.5

33.3
36.1

36.6
37.8

36.6
37.7

40.2
38.3

39.3
38.7

39.4
40.1

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

40.9
41.9
45.2
47.0
44.6

39.9
40.9
43.1
46.9
47.4

40.3
42.1
44.5
47.1
47.1

40.6
41.5
45.2
46.8
46.7

40.3
41.5
45.5
45.6
46.8

41.3
41.3
45.3
46.5
45.3

41.8
40.9
45.3
47.1
46.4

40.4
40.8
43.4
46.7
44.6

41.4
41.0
45.0
47.0
38. 1

41.9
42.2
44.9
47.3
42.4

41.6
43.1
46.9
47.8
43.5

40.4
42.9
46.4
47.1
42.0

41.4
44.2
47.1
47.5
44.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.5
40.4
40.6
35.9
41.5

43.3
40.6
41.3
38.9
38.5

42.2
40.9
41.4
37.5
38.8

41.0
40.7
41.5
35.9
39.8

41.1
41.1
40.3
35.1
40.8

37.3
41.1
40.9
34.6
41.0

39.4
40.1
40.3
35.6
42.1

40.2
40.3
40.4
35.3
41.5

40.5
37.2
40.1
35.4
42.2

40.5
40.2
40.2
35.2
42.4

40.7
41.0
41.3
34.6
42.8

40.2
41.1
39.7
33.8
42.7

40.1
40.9
40.2
37.6
43.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.1
39.4
40.7
38.7
41.9

42.9
40.4
40.9
38.3
40.7

42.7
40.0
42.5
37.1
42.0

43.3
39.1
42.7
39.3
42.1

43.6
38.9
41.7
38.0
42.5

42.7
39.9
41.9
37.9
43.5

41.5
40.1
41.4
37.9
42.8

41.1
36.8
41.3
37.0
40.8

41.8
34.5
40.2
39.3
41.2

41.7
40.1
38.9
38.4
41.9

41.4
40.8
39.3
39.9
41.2

40.7
40.4
38.1
40.3
42.1

41.6
41.4
38.8
40.8
42.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.7
39.2
37.9
40.0
38.2

41.9
40.5
36.4
39.8
40.4

41.3
40.1
37.7
40.2
39.5

41.1
39.4
36.8
40.4
39.6

41.0
38.7
35.4
40.6
37.9

40.1
39.5
36.4
41.1
37.2

39.0
39.5
38.3
40.8
38.1

40.0
39.2
38.2
40.7
38.8

40.2
38.6
38.3
40.4
38.0

41.0
39.6
39.0
38.6
37.2

40.8
38.0
37.3
38.5
37.8

40.5
38.4
39.9
39.2
36.9

40.8
38.7
40.9
39.8
36.3

1961
1962
1963

39.0
40.6

37.2
39.8
41.4

36.9
39.5
42.0

37.5
40.6
41.1

37.6
40.4
40.8

39.6
41.4
42.2

39.4
41.8

39.4
41.1

39.9
40.0

39.3
40.6

39.9
40.6

39.8
40.4

41.2
41.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
4.3
2.6
3.9
3.3

2.8
3.6
3.0
4.3
4.7
3.2

1.8
3.5
2.6
2.7
3.3
3.3

1.8
4.5
1.6
2.6
3.8
3.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.6
2.9
3.2
3.5
3.9
3.9
2.4
2.8
1.5
1.8
1.5
4.4
5.0
4.2
4#6
2.8
3.4
2.9
3.8
2.5
3.1

3.8
4.4
3.2
5.3
3.6

3.8
3.0
5.0
3.0
3.4

4.6
2.8
2.8
4.7
2.4

2.9
1.6
3.2
3.8
2.4

2.3
14.8
2.2
2.4
2.8

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




118

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
January

February

March

April

May

Juna

July

August

Saptumbar

October

Novambar

Dacambar

MALLEABLE IRON FOUNDRIES - SIC 3322— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•4
•6
.5
2.0
3.6
3.2
.6
•4
.6
.9
1.0
1.6
1.9
2.2
2.1
2.2

.9
3.5
•8
2.3
2.5

1.2
2.8
•6
1.6
1.5

2.1
2.4
.9
1.5
1.6

1.3
1.3
1.0
1.3
1.1

1.2
1.9
•3
1.3
2.0

4.6
2.3
4.8
5.7
3.8
3.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.3
3.1
1.5
4.7
2.4
2.7
2.5
2.5
6.1
4.8
3.7
4.0
2.6
2.3
3.3
4.3
3.5
2.8
3.2
2.4
3.8
5.5

2.4
2.9
4.1
4.0
5.2

1.8
3.0
4.8
3.0
3.0

2.2
3.7
4.3
2.7
4.6

1.9
15.4
7.5
4.0
3.0

1.2
2.7
5.1
2.0
2.1

•5
1.0
1.0
•5
.9
•8

.7
1.4
1.1
.5
•9
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•4
.5
•5
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.2
•8
1.1
1.1
.8
.6
•6
•5
•6
.9
1.2
.7
1.2
1.2
1.1

.7
1.7
1.0
1.2
1.5

1.0
1.7
1.2
1.4
1.5

.9
1.3
•6
•8
.9

.7
.9
.5
•8
•8

•6
•8
.4
.9
.8

4.2
.7
1.4
5.1
1.2
1.2

3.5
.5
3.2
4.7
2.2
1.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
5.2
2.5
.7
•6
.4
•5
.7
4.6
2.8
3.2
2.4
1.0
2.8
1.5
1.6
1.3
1.7
•8
1.1
1.9
3.6

1.3
•6
2.6
2.2
2.9

.4
.7
3.0
1.0
.9

1.0
1.8
3.4
.7
2.6

.7
14.0
6.7
2.2
1.7

•4
1.5
4.3
.7
•8

61.1
55.3
59.6
53.0
53.6
52.9

59.0
57.7
60.0
52.4
54.3
52.8

52.1
60.7
57.0
52.0
54.2

51.3
60.2
56.0
52.1
54.0

52.5
58.9
55.3
52.2
52.8

51.5
58.0
55.0
51.6
52.0

53.5
56.5
54.7
52.4
51.9

3.1
2.9
2.8
2.9

3.1
3.0
2.7
2.9

3.2
3.0
3.0
2.7
2.9

3.1
2.9
2.8
2.9

3.1
3.0
2.8
2.9

42.1
50.6
46.9
42.5
45.0

41.6
50.3
45.9
42.8
44.8

42.7
49.1
45.0
42.8
43.5

42.0
48.2
44.8
42.3
42.8

43.8
48.6
44.6
43.1
42.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
2.7
1.0
1.2
2.0

1.4
2.5
2.3
•6
2.3
2.0

•6
2.6
2.0
•6
2.1
2.0

•5
3.1
1.2
•4
2.4
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
3.7
4.6
3.9
3.3

8.2
2.1
2.7
7.4
3.5
2.6

5.2
2.2
3.0
6.0
2.8
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.2
•9
.7
1.0

•8
.7
.9
.4
.9
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
1.9
3.2
2.5
1.5

7.0
.9
1.2
6.6
1.3
1.1

NEW HIRES
•2
3.2
1.0
•8
1.8
1.4

STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 3323
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

55.0
59.0
57.6
52.2
53.7

63.4
53.8
57.9
53.3
53.2
52.1

56.6
59.7
59.8
50.4
54.7
54.1

53.4
61.0
59.5
51.8
54.9
54.5

53.3
62.0
59.1
52.5
54.3

52.1
62.1
57.8
52.2
54.1

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
3.4
3.1
3.0
2.8
2.9
2.9

3.3
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.0
2.8
2.9

3.6
3.1
3.1
2.9
2.9
2.9

3.1
3.2
2.9
2.8
2.9

3.1
3.2
2.9
2.9
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

45.0
49.1
47.5
42.5
44.4

53.0
44.3
47.8
43.3
43.9
42.9

50.8
45.5
49.4
43.0
44.4
43.7

48.9
47.8
49.8
42.4
45.1
43.6

1939
1940

27.41
29.38

24.99
29.40

26.44
28.96

26.62
28.23

26.65
27.10

27.29
27.40

26.98
27.96

25.44
28.88

26.73
30.30

25.53
29.99

30.25
31.03

30.74
30.72

30.89
32.29

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

36.46
43.51
48.77
51.34
48.77

31.86
40.90
46.59
50.81
52.94

33.53
42.04
47.16
50.92
52.39

34.11
42.23
48.50
50.73
53.15

34.83
42.73
48.70
50.28
53.08

37.44
43.24
49.06
50.92
50.77

38.32
43.05
49.48
50.60
50.19

36.34
42.48
47.55
49.16
48.08

38.27
44.07
48.45
51.72
44.75

37.02
44.64
48.74
52.16
43.34

38.72
45.43
49.77
52.97
44.91

38.28
45.93
50.53
52.21
45.53

39.83
45.92
50.19
53.02
47.24

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

47.97
54.10
60.12
56.96
65.62

41.73
50.09
58.00
60.61
57.99

47.12
49.05
57.29
61.34
60.06

45.59
51.25
59.04
59.62
60.79

48.83
51.60
59.14
56.78
62.97

47.76
53.13
59.12
55.95
63.48

47.89
54.25
59.99
54.97
65.84

45.91
54.41
57.78
55.80
65.49

48.90
55.80
61.40
54.73
65.91

48.88
56.08
61.23
53.66
66.27

49.75
57.35
62.48
54.23
69.56

51.27
57.71
62.64
54.90
69.36

50.93
59.16
62.29
56.85
72.51

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

75.95
77.83
80.16
76.03
88.83

73.27
77.33
79.68
76.63
80.00

74.39
78.84
81.45
78.01
83.64

74.65
76.93
82.45
76.63
84.67

75.60
75.36
81.12
73.89
85.28

74.99
77.04
79.76
73.70
86.94

76.30
77.17
82.12
74.66
87.78

74.55
75.17
79.38
75.25
85.08

75.17
75.30
80.59
75.83
88.83

76.56
75.81
79.00
75.83
91.38

76.56
79.52
76.04
76.22
93.74

76.64
79.27
76.83
75.82
93.74

79.48
83.27
79.00
78.59
96.14

3.2
3.0
2.8
2.9
2.9

3.2
2.9
2.8
2.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS • IN THOUSANDS
46.3
49.8
49.6
40.7
45.5
44.9

43.3
51.1
49.4
42.0
45.7
45.4

43.3
52.2
49.0
42.7
45.0

42.2
52.2
47.6
42.4
44.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




119

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y«or

Annual
February

July

April

dm

August

Pucnwbi

STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 3323— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

95.87
95.94
91.48
100.69
101.66

95.27
98.44
91.54
99.60
100.86

94.39
96.56
90.34
101.15
101.65

95.47
98.14
89.63
103.57
103.34

95.46
97.25
88.43
103.22
101.14

96.34
95.87
87.36
104.55
102.44

96.11
96.70
88.56
105.41
103.88

93.91
95.53
91.13
102.36
102.44

93.24
95.58
91.37
98.92
101.27

96.25
96.63
92.23
97.91
101.13

97.13
93.53
94.60
96.52
99.58

95.57
91.96
95.34
95.76
100.22

99.36
93.53
97.96
99.71
100.73

1961
196?
19t»3

104.01
110.97

99.41
109.07
110.80

100.99
111.93
114.11

99.68
110*84
113.83

100.47
112.34
113.70

101.64
111.24
117.59

105.60
115.37

103.22
110.57

104.68
109.20

105.87
111.24

106.52
109.20

108.40
108.78

110.57
112.46

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1939
1940

.755
.765

.746
.750

.749
.758

.752
.759

.757
.757

.758
.759

.758
•768

.764
.768

.755
.771

.738
.773

•764
.770

.759
.766

.759
.778

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.840
.952
1.051
1.116
1.129

.777
.911
1.015
1.107
1.141

.789
.920
1.012
1.095
1.134

.795
.922
1.032
1.098
1.143

•810
.931
1.034
1.105
1.144

.849
•938
1.046
1.107
1*146

.846
.942
1.055
1.117
1.146

.847
.942
1.059
1.125
1.126

•862
.958
1.051
1.117
1.130

.865
.979
1.076
1.129
1.117

•876
.992
1.068
1.127
1.098

•880
.992
1.075
1.130
1.105

.887
•996
1.084
1.133
1.122

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.230
1.356
1.470
1.515
1.585

1.104
1.291
1.425
1.519
1.530

1.130
1.274
1.425
1.522
1.540

1.181
1.291
1.433
1.517
1.543

1.233
1.290
1.439
1.510
1.551

1.231
1.325
1.442
1.508
1*552

1.244
1.370
1.456
1.506
1.575

1.251
1.367
1.448
1.504
1.563

1.257
1.395
1.476
1.512
1.573

1.273
1.409
1.527
1.520
1.593

1.279
1.416
1.524
1.519
1.614

1.285
1.418
1.524
1.525
1.632

1.286
1.429
1.523
1.524
1.663

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.75
1.84
1.96
1.98
2.11

1.70
1.79
1.92
1.97
2.01

1.71
1.80
1.93
1.97
2.04

1.72
1.81
1.94
1.97
2.05

1.73
1.79
1.95
1.96
2.06

1.74
1.80
1.95
1.96
2.07

1.75
1.82
1.96
1.97
2.09

1.75
1.82
1.96
1.97
2.06

1.74
1.81
1.98
1.98
2.10

1.76
1.84
1.99
1.98
2.15

1.76
1.88
1.97
1.99
2.18

1.77
1.91
1.97
1.99
2.17

1.79
1.95
1.98
2.01
2.19

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.24
2.34
2.42
2.53
2.60

2.19
2.30
2.39
2.49
2.56

2.19
2.31
2.39
2.51
2.58

2.21
2.32
2.39
2.52
2.59

2.22
2.31
2.39
2.53
2.58

2.23
2.31
2.40
2.55
2.60

2.23
2.33
2.40
2.54
2.61

2.22
2.33
2.43
2.54
2.62

2.22
2.36
2.43
2.53
2.59

2.27
2.38
2.44
2.53
2.62

2.28
2.38
2.47
2.52
2.60

2.27
2.37
2.47
2.54
2.61

2.30
2.38
2.48
2.55
2.63

1961
1962
1963

2.66
2.74

2.63
2.72
2.77

2.63
2.73
2.79

2.63
2.73
2.79

2.63
2.74
2.78

2.64
2.74
2.82

2.64
2.76

2.64
2.73

2.65
2.73

2.66
2.74

2.69
2.73

2.71
2.74

2.73
2.77

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1939
1940

36.3
38.4

33.5
39.2

35.3
38.2

35.4
37.2

35.2
35.8

36.0
36.1

35.6
36.4

33.3
37.6

35.4
39.3

34.6
38.8

39.6
40.3

40.5
40.1

40.7
41.5

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

43.4
45.7
46.4
46.0
43.2

41.0
44.9
45.9
45.9
46.4

42.5
45.7
46.6
46.5
46.2

42.9
45.8
47.0
46.2
46.5

43.0
45.9
47.1
45.5
46.4

44.1
46.1
46.9
46.0
44.3

45.3
45.7
46.9
45.3
43.8

42.9
45.1
44.9
43.7
42.7

44.4
46.0
46.1
46.3
39.6

42.8
45.6
45.3
46.2
38.8

44.2
45.8
46.6
47.0
40.9

43.5
46.3
47.0
46.2
41.2

44.9
46.1
46.3
46.8
42.1

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

39.0
39.9
40.9
37.6
41.4

37.8
38.8
40.7
39.9
37.9

41.7
38.5
40.2
40.3
39.0

38.6
39.7
41.2
39.3
39.4

39.6
40.0
41.1
37.6
40.6

38.8
40.1
41.0
37.1
40.9

38.5
39.6
41.2
36.5
41.8

36.7
39.8
39.9
37.1
41.9

38.9
40.0
41.6
36.2
41.9

38.4
39.8
40.1
35.3
41.6

38.9
40.5
41.0
35.7
43.1

39.9
40.7
41.1
36.0
42.5

39.6
41.4
40.9
37.3
43.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.4
42.3
40.9
38.4
42.1

43.1
43.2
41.5
38.9
39.8

43.5
43.8
42.2
39.6
41.0

43.4
42.5
42.5
38.9
41.3

43.7
42.1
41.6
37.7
41.4

43.1
42.8
40.9
37.6
42.0

43.6
42.4
41.9
37.9
42.0

42.6
41.3
40.5
38.2
41.3

43.2
41.6
40.7
38.3
42.3

43.5
41.2
39.7
38.3
42.5

43.5
42.3
38.6
38.3
43.0

43.3
41.5
39.0
38.1
43.2

44.4
42.7
39.9
39.1
43.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.8
41.0
37.8
39.8
39.1

43.5
42.8
38.3
40.0
39.4

43.1
41.8
37.8
40.3
39.4

43.2
42.3
37.5
41.1
39.9

43.0
42.1
37.0
40.8
39.2

43.2
41.5
36.4
41.0
39.4

43.1
41.5
36.9
41.5
39.8

42.3
41.0
37.5
40.3
39.1

42.0
40.5
37.6
39.1
39.1

42.4
40.6
37.8
38.7
38.6

42.6
39.3
38.3
38.3
38.3

42.1
38.8
38.6
37.7
38.4

43.2
39.3
39.5
39.1
38.3

1961
1962
1963

39.1
40.5

37.8
40.1
40.0

38.4
41.0
40.9

37.9
40.6
40.8

38.2
41.0
40.9

38.5
40.6
41.7

40.0
41.8

39.1
40.5

39.5
40.0

39.8
40.6

39.6
40.0

40.0
39.7

40.5
40.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
4.1
3.1
3.6
3.3

1.4
4.5
4.4
3.4
5.2
3.7

1.5
5.8
4.0
2.7
3.7
4.0

1.3
6.7
3.4
3.3
3.9
3.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
2.4
2.8
1.1
5.6
3.4
4.9
4.4
2.8
2.8
2.0
3.0
4.2
3.5
3.0
4.4
3.6
3.3
2*8
3.7
4.4
4.3

3.9
3.5
2.7
3.8
3.2

3.6
3.1
2.8
4.7
2.5

3.8
2.7
3.0
3.6
2.4

3.3
2.2
3.3
3.2
2*3

3.7
2.9
2*4
3.4
2*4




EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

120

Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

A p ril

March

June

M ay

July

August

September

October

November

December

STEEL FOUNDRIES - SIC 3323— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
.4
.3
3.2
3.1
2.2
1.3
1.7
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.3
2.4
2.4
1.8
3.0

1.1
2.6
1.2
1.9
1.8

1.3
2.2
1.2
2.1
1.6

1.1
1.3
.8
1.5
.9

1.1
.8
.7
1.3
.7

.9
.9
.7
1.2
.9

7.0
2.9
3.7
4.0
2.3
3.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.0
4.6
3.1
2.4
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.9
3.9
3.3
3.2
3.5
2.6
2.6
2.5
3.3
3.7
3.1
2.7
2.8
2.9

4.2
3.3
4.9
3.2
3.0

3.5
6.2
6.3
3.2
4.0

3.8
4.9
4.7
3.2
5.0

2.9
4.6
3.9
2.9
3.2

2.3
2.4
4*7
2.5
2.9

.4
.7
.7
.3
•6
.5

.3
l.l
.7
.6
.9
.8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•4
.3
.3
.3
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.1
.6
.9
.8
.7
.5
.6
.7
.6
.9
1.0
.9
1.1
.9
1.1

.4
1.5
.8
•8
1.1

•6
1.8
1.0
.9
1.3

.7
1.0
.5
•6
.8

.5
.7
.3
.5
.5

.5
.5
.3
•5
•4

4.9
1.4
2.0
2.1
1.3
1.5

6.2
1.2
2.5
2.8
.8
2.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
1.7
2.4
5.2
.9
•8
•8
.8
1.9
1.9
1.7
2.5
2.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
2.0
1.4
1.3
1.6
1.3
.9

3.4
1.0
3.5
1.9
1.3

2.5
3.7
4.5
1.6
2.1

2.8
3.2
3.5
1.6
3.7

2.1
3.4
3.1
1.8
2.2

1.4
1.5
4.0
1.3
1.9

68.6
72.1
71.5
67.5
68.4

68.5
59.3
70.0
67.1
68.7

68.8
58.7
68.9
68.0
68.8

70.2
57.7
68.1
68.1
68.3

71.2
63.9
67.7
68.1
67.8

2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8

3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8

2.9
3.0
2.8
2.8
2.8

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9

3.0
2.8
2.8
2.9

52.0
55.5
55.5
52.1
52.6

52.0
43.4
54.0
51.4
53.4

52.7
42.7
53.3
52.3'
53.4

53.9
42.1
52.3
52.4
52.8

54.9
48.0
52.1
52.5
52.5

101.66
112.10
109.59
110.12
116.75

103.07
106.08
108.53
112.20
114.80

103.82
106.19
109.06
113.16
116.75

105.25
104.23
108.40
112.20
117.32

2.52
2.60
2.66
2.73
2.80

2.52
2.59
2.66
2.74
2.82

2.53
2.58
2.67
2.73
2.80

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
2.2
1.2
1.3
1.9

•4
1.6
1.5
.8
2.7
1.5

.2
2.3
1.5
.7
2.1
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
3.5
4.0
3.1
3.2

5.4
3.3
3.2
4.7
3.0
2.7

5.7
2.9
3.2
2.8
2.6
2.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.4
1.1
.7
•6
.9

•4
.6
.7
.4
.7
.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
1.7
2.8
2.0
1.8

4.6
2.0
2.0
3.6
1.5
1.6

NEW HIRES
.2
3.0
1.1
1.3
2.4
2.8

.3
3.2
1.4
1.1
2.7
2.1

NONFERROUS SMELTING AND REFINING - SIC 333*4
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

71.1
67.9
70.3
66.6
68.1

79.5
71.1
67.6
67.2
67.5
67.0

76.1
71.2
69.0
65.3
68.1
66.5

73.4
71.1
71.8
64.6
68.0
66.7

71.6
71.0
73.1
64.2
68.1
67.6

69.4
71.8
72.0
65.0
68.1
68.4

68.1
73.8
72.2
67.1
68.3

67.9
73.1
72.1
67.3
67.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8

3.3
2.8
3.0
2.8
2.8
2.9

2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9

2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9

3.1
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.9

2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8

3.0
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.8

PRODUCTION1WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
19 58
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

54.2
51.8
54.4
51.0
52.6

61.2
55.0
51.5
51.6
51.9
51.5

58.0
54.9
53.1
49.7
52.4
51.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

99.88
104.81
108.09
110.16
114.95

97.68
104.58
106.97
109.20
113.58
116.20

97.61
104.24
105.82
108.26
112.48
116.33

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.46
2.55
2.63
2.70
2.79

2.40
2.52
2.59
2.67
2.75
2.80

2.41
2.53
2.60
2.66
2.75
2.81

55.9
55.0
55.7
49.0
52.6
51.4

54.5
54.7
57.3
48.6
52.8
52.2

52.7
55.8
56.2
49.5
52.6
52.8

51.4
57.6
56.1
51.4
52.8

51.3
56.6
55.7
51.5
51.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS
97.36
103.32
106.97
107.06
112.75
117.31

96.88
103.82
110.99
108.00
112.88
120.12

96.64
104.49
107.12
108.40
114.26
118.43

96.88
104.39
106.60
110.29
116.33

98.49
104.14
107.83
110.70
115.08

IN OOLLARS
99.85
103.28
108.26
110.84
116.03

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




2.41
2.52
2.59
2.65
2.75
2.82

2.41
2.52
2.63
2.66
2.76
2.86

2.41
2.53
2.60
2.67
2.78
2.84

2.41
2.54
2.60
2.69
2.81

2.45
2.54
2.63
2.70
2.80

2.49
2.55
2.66
2.73
2.83

2.51
2.65
2.66
2.76
2.82

121

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

NONFERROUS SMELTING AND REFINING - SIC 333*4— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION—WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.6
41.1
41.1
40.8
41.2

40.7
41.5
41.3
40.9
41.3
41.5

40.5
41.2
40.7
40.7
40.9
41.4

40.4
41.0
41.3
40.4
41.0
41.6

40.2
41.2
42.2
40.6
40.9
42.0

40.1
41.3
41.2
40.6
41.1
41.7

40.2
41.1
41.0
41.0
41.4

40.2
41.0
41.0
41.0
41.1

40.1
40.5
40.7
40.6
41.0

40.5
42.3
41.2
39.9
41.4

40.9
40.8
40.8
41.1
41.0

41.2
41.0
41.0
41.3
41.4

41.6
40.4
40.6
41.1
41.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
3.2
3.0
2.5
2.7

2.7
3.1
3.4
2.5
2.8
2.8

2.6
2.9
2.9
2.4
2.6
2.8

2.3
2.9
3.1
2.2
2.4
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
2.4
2.4
2.6
2.2

1.5
1.9
2.9
1.7
2.1
1.7

•8
1.6
3.0
2.3
2.0
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.2

.6
.6
1.3
.7
.7
.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
2.5
2.8
2.7
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
3.0
3.6
2.2
2.3
2.9

2.3
3.1
2.8
2.3
2.3
2.9

2.3
3.2
2.9
2.7
2.9

2.7
3.3
2.7
2.8
2.7

2.7
3.2
2.8
2.6
3.1

2.7
4.5
3.2
2.7
3.0

3.0
3.4
2.9
2.5
2.3

3.1
3.3
2.7
2.7
2.8

3.5
3.1
2.9
2.3
3.0

1.2
2.1
3.1
2.1
2.2
2.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
2.6
1.2
2.5
2.7
2.5
4.9
2.1
2.4
2.3
3.5
2.0
2.6
2.3
4.5
4.2
2.1
2.5
3.6
2.1
3.4
3.2

3.3
2.1
2.4
3.2
3.3

2.4
2.0
1.8
2.4
2.0

2.9
2.1
1.9
3.1
2.2

2.2
2.1
1.5
1.8
1.5

2.1
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.2

.3
.7
1.6
.5
1.0
.9

.3
1.0
1.6
•6
.9
1.2

NEW HIRES
•5
1.3
1.5
.8
1.0
1.2

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
1.0
.9
1.4
2.9
1.3
1.5
2.4
1.1
1.0
1.9
1.2
1.3
2.4
1.3
1.9

.7
1.4
1.2
1.5
1.5

.7
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.3

1.0
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.4

1.1
1.3
•8
•6
.7

•6
1.0
.5
.5
•6

4.2
2.6
2.0
5.0
2.5
2.0

6.2
2.0
1.8
4.2
1.4
2.3

3.5
1.4
2.1
2.3
1.9
1.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.0
6.2
2.4
2.1
2.0
1.5
2.1
2.2
2.6
2.8
2.0
3.1
1.9
1.9
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.2
2.0
2.1
1.5
1*9

2.7
2.5
4.2
2.8
2.8

3.4
3.9
4.7
3.4
3.1

1.6
2.9
3.6
2.1
2.2

1.8
4.2
2.4
2.4
2.3

1.7
3.1
2.8
2.1
2.6

.5
.8
.8
•6
.7

.4
.4
•6
.5
•5
.4

•4
.4
.7
.4
.5
•4

.3
.5
.8
.5
.5
.5

•6
.9
•8
.6
.7

.7
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.3

1.0
1.6
1.6
1.3
1.6

.6
.8
.7
•6
.6

.5
.5
.5
•4
.4

.5
•8
.4
.4
.4

2.4
1.3
1.5
1.4
.9

3.3
1.6
•9
4.0
1.4
1.0

5.4
1.2
•5
3.4
.6
1.3

2.9
.5
.9
1.3
.9
.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
3.3
5.2
1.4
.8
.7
.3
.5
1.0
1.8
•6
1.1
1.0
.7
•8
.8
.9
•6
.8
.7
.4
.7

1.6
.7
2.6
.8
.9

2.1
1.8
2.6
1.0
.8

.8
1.7
2.4
.9
•8

1.0
3.2
1.4
1.4
1.1

•8
2.0
1.9
1.2
1.7

168.8
185.3
176.7
176.5
180.9

173.2
187.1
177.6
178.7
181.8

169.0
186.6
177.4
180.8
181.6

177.6
184.8
175.9
181.1
180.9

180.2
185.1
174.9
181.3
180.9

24.5
23.1
22.7
23.7

24.9
23.2
22.9
23.7

21.7
24.8
22.8
23.5
23.7

24.3
22.7
23.4
23.6

24.3
22.5
23.2
23.5

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•4
•6
.5
.7
1.0
.8
.9
1.0
.9
.6
.6
.6
.6
.6
.8
•6
.6

NONFERROUS ROLLING* DRAWING* AND EXTRUDING - SIC 335
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

170.9
185.4
178.9
174.4
181.3

178.0
180.6
185.0
171.8
181.5
180.9

24.3
23.4
22.3
23.5

24.6
23.7
24.4
22.1
23.6
23.4

171.9
180.3
184.2
169.5
180.2
181.0

169.6
182.7
183.2
168.9
181.3
181.4

167.3
185.2
179.6
169.1
181.7
182.0

163.5
188.3
178.1
170.5
181.7
183.1

166.7
190.0
179.0
173.6
182.1

165.1
188.3
174.7
171.2
181.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963




24.0
24.5
21.5
23.1
23.5

24.1
24.4
21.3
23.3
23.6

22.8
24.3
23.5
21.3
23*2
23.9

24.5
23.4
21.6
23.2
23.9

24.6
23.5
22.2
23.5

21.5
24.0
22.7
21.9
23.7

122

it

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
February

March

April

May

Jim *

July

August

S*pt*m b*r

October

Nov*mb*r

D*c*m b*r

NONFERROUS ROLLING* DRAWING* AND EXTRUOING - SIC 335— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

130.3
143.5
136.0
132.5
139.1

135.5
140.0
142.6
129.7
139.7
138.3

130.0
139.6
141.4
127.5
138.3
138.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

98.01
105.59
105.01
111.76
116.05

91.49
103.42
105.32
105.59
114.93
116.89

92.59
105.25
104.70
105.59
114.11
116.34

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.42
2.52
2.58
2.68
2.75

2.34
2.48
2.55
2.62
2.73
2.77

2.35
2.50
2.56
2.62
2.73
2.77

128.2
141.5
140.4
126.7
139.4
138.3

126.5
143.7
136.7
127.2
139.6
138.8

122.7
146.6
135.4
128.8
139.8
140.0

126.3
147.9
135.7
131.9
140.2

125*1
145.4
131.5
129<j4
138.7

129.2
142.8
133*4
134*5
138*4

133.4
144.8
134.7
137*0
139*5

129.0
144.3
134.8
138.6
139.0

137.7
143.0
133.2
139.1
138.5

140.0
142.5
132.3
139.8
138.3

102.51
104.74
106.37
115.21
115.09

104.33
103.73
106.37
116.03
116.62

105.75
106.43
104.15
117.82
118.43

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
93.22
106.34
104.04
107.30
116.18
116.34

92.75
107.78
101.85
108.77
117.85
115.23

93.38
108.03
104.04
110.92
116.33
118.72

97.68
108.46
106.14
112.94
119.23

96.48
106.01
106.19
112.83
115.78

99.96
103.41
106.08
114.90
113.98

101.84
105.16
105.44
113.84
116.47

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.36
2-5?
2.55
2.63
2.74
2.77

2.36
2.53
2.54
2.64
2.76
2.77

2.37
2.53
2.55
2.66
2.75
2.80

2.40
2.53
2.59
2.68
2.75

2.40
2.54
2.57
2.67
2.76

2.45
2.51
2.60
2.71
2.74

2.46
2.54
2.61
2.73
2.76

2.47
2.53
2.62
2.73
2.76

2.49
2.53
2.62
2.73
2.77

2.50
2.54
2.63
2.74
2.78

40.8
41.2
40.8
42.4
41.6

41.4
41.4
40.4
41.7
42.2

41.5
41.4
40.6
42.2
41.7

41.9
41.0
40.6
42.5
42.1

42.3
41.9
39.6
43.0
42.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.5
41.9
40.7
41.7
42.2

39.1
41.7
41.3
40.3
42.1
42.2

39.4
42.1
40.9
40.3
41.8
42.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3
3.4
2.4
3.1
3.6

1.5
3.0
2.7
2.0
3.5
3.5

1.6
3.3
2.7
1.8
3.3
3.3

1.6
3.5
2.4
2.1
3x
.6
3.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.4

1.4
2.4
2.0
2.1
2.6
2.6

1.6
2.6
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•9
1.6
1.0
1.3
1.3

•5
1.2
1.0
.7
1.4
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.5
3.5
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.5
42.2
40.8
40.8
42.4
42.0

39.3
42.6
40.1
41.2
42.7
41*6

39.4
42.7
40.8
41.7
42.3
42.4

40.7
42.7
41.3
42.3
43.2

40*2
41.9
41.0
42*1
42*1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.5
3.6
1.9
2.3
3.8
2.5

2.3
3.4
2.5
3.2
3*3

2*8
3.3
2.4
3.8
3.2

2.9
3.5
2.5
3.8
3.7

2.9
3.1
2.5
3.7
3.4

3.4
2.9
2.3
3.5
3.8

3.3
3.0
2.2
3.9
3.9

2.1
3.2
2.3
2.7
2.4
2.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
1*6
2.3
3.2
3*1
3*4
3.7
2*3
3.1
3.6
2.1
3.1
3.0
3.1
3.3
3.8
3.0
2.6
3.4
2.7
2.4
2.4
2.7

4.1
3.4
3.7
3.2
2.9

3.5
3.0
3.2
2.9
2.6

2.6
2.2
2.4
2.7
1.9

2.4
2.1
2.0
2.1
1.4

2.2
2.1
1.6
1.6
1.4

•4
1.3
.9
•6
1.0
1.0

•3
1.8
1.0
•8
1.3
1.2

NEW HIRES
.4
2.1
•9
.9
1.6
1.1

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•9
•5
.8
2.0
2.5
1.4
•9
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.4
1.8
2.3
l.I
1.2

1.1
2.0
1*2
2.2
1*3

1.7
1.8
1.4
1.9
1.3

1.4
1.2
.9
1.7
1.0

1.2
1.0
.7
1.3
•6

1.1
.9
.5
1.1
•6

4.4
1.9
2.6
3.4
2.5
2.5

3.6
2.0
2.5
3.3
2.0
2.0

2.9
1.7
4.0
2.4
1.9
2.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
3.4
2.2
2.6
1.8
2.1
2.1
2.7
3.7
3.4
3.1
4.0
1.9
1.9
2.3
2.1
2.0
1.7
2.5
2.9
2.0
1.9

2.6
4.2
3*8
2*4
3.5

2.5
3.4
4.2
2.8
3.3

1.7
3.3
3.4
2.4
2.1

1.4
2.8
2.9
2.1
2.1

1.6
2.2
3.8
2.1
2.4

•5
.8
•6
•6
.7

•4
•5
•6
•4
•6
•5

•3
.5
•5
•4
•6
.5

•3
.7
.6
•4
.6
.5

•4
•8
•6
•6
•6

•8
1.2
.8
.8
1.1

•8
1.4
1.1
1.4
1.3

•6
•8
•6
•8
•6

.5
.5
•4
.6
.5

.4
.5
•3
.5
.4

1.9
1.3
2.4
1.3
1.2

3.6
1.0
1.5
2.6
1.3
1.5

2.9
1.1
1.6
2.4
•9
1.1

2.3
.7
2.9
1.4
.7
1.1

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
2.7
1.4
1.9
.7
.8
.7
1.3
2.6
2.1
2.7
2.3
1.0
•9
1.0
1.3
•9
•5
1.9
1.2
•9
1.0

1.5
2.5
2.5
.9
1.9

1.4
1.4
2.5
.7
1.5

.9
2.0
2.4
.9
1.1

.6
2.0
2.1
1.0
1.1

1.0
1.3
3.1
1.1
1.7




1.7
3.8
2.3
2.8
3.4
3.7

2.3
4.0
2.6
3.4
4.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
•3
•4
.7
•8
.9
.7
•6
.7
.5
•5
•6
•6
.7
•8
•6
•6

123

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A verage

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Jun*

July

August

September

October

November December

COPPER ROLLING* DRAWING* AND EXTRUDING - SIC 3351
ALL ENPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

46.0
49.0
45.7
43.9
46.1

48.4
48.5
47.9
42.7
45.7
46.2

46.1
48.6
47.8
42.4
45.7
46.5

44*8
49.7
46.6
42.9
46.3
46.7

45.5
49.2
47.7
42.3
46.0
46.3

43.1
50.2
45.1
43.7
46.2
46.7

45.3
49.9
45.6
44.3
46.5

44.8
49.1
44.9
43.1
45.6

45.4
48.2
45.2
44.2
45.9

45.9
49.1
45.3
45.3
46.6

46.8
48.8
44.9
45.5
46.5

47.6
48.4
43.9
45.3
46.1

48.3
48.6
43.4
45.0
45.9

4.0
3.7
3.6
3.7

3.9
3.7
3.6
3.7

3.7
3.9
3.6
3.7
3.8

3.9
3.6
3.7
3.7

3.9
3.6
3.7
3.7

35.0
37.4
34.2
34.0
35.5

35.5
38.3
34.4
35.2
36.2

36.5
38.1
34.2
35.3
36.2

37.3
37.7
33.2
35.1
35.7

38.0
37.8
32.8
34.9
35.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
3.8
3.6
3.8

4.0
3.9
3.9
3.6
3.8
3.7

3.9
3.9
3.5
3.8
3.6

3.9
4.0
3.5
3.8
3.6

3.8
4.0
3.9
3.5
3.8
3.6

4.0
3.9
3.5
3.8
3.6

4.0
3.8
3.5
3.7

3.7
4.0
3.7
3.5
3.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

35.6
38.4
34.8
33.7
35.8

37.6
38.1
37.1
32.4
35.4
35.9

35.4
38.1
36.8
32.0
35.4
36.1

35.0
38.6
36.7
32.1
35.9
36.0

1947
1948
1949
1950

53.87
60.13
58.98
69.91

54.43
57.25
61.06
64.21

53.98
58.10
58.14
65.99

53.77
58.30
53.79
66.64

52.75
56.40
50.08
67.29

52.67
56.52
51.62
70.39

54.12
58.77
54.88
71.93

53.37
61.39
57.11
73.13

51.79
63.58
60.95
73.34

53.34
63.70
61.65
67.77

54.19
63.12
64.38
69.89

55.30
61.13
65.12
71.14

56.92
63.35
66.00
75.73

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

70.41
76.13
84.97
80.80
92.88

68.61
73.10
84«83
76.81
88.62

69.26
70.98
85.10
75.24
89.03

69.83
71.96
85.70
76.03
91.36

70.00
70.98
86.92
75.83
90.52

68.97
71.20
88.80
79.40
93.51

72.04
73.03
89.85
81.61
94.36

71.45
75.89
85.97
81.00
86.50

69.14
77.83
85.80
80.00
83.20

69.14
79.29
83.23
84.05
95.70

70.24
81.32
81.59
83.22
98.78

68.85
82.75
80.99
87.98
100.80

74.87
85.61
80.80
87.15
101.47

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

94.73
94.07
98.40
110.17
105.32

103.97
94.07
89.86
107.19
108.58

101.02
91.31
91.44
109.74
108.36

98.33
92.86
92.30
112.15
104.78

98.76
91.94
90.72
112.67
99.72

93.46
93.50
91.30
110.94
103.34

90.58
96.64
97.44
113.18
108.88

89.87
94.71
99.38
109.74
108.21

90.13
92.66
101.93
109.91
105.44

93.56
95.51
102.09
109.56
102.70

91.13
96.56
103.91
109.30
104.54

91.48
95.76
107.95
109.20
104.94

95.82
96.16
108.89
110.66
101.90

1961
1962
1963

115.35
119.00

105.21
120.55
120.27

105.07
117.88
119.13

109.75
120.98
117.86

113.02
120.98
115.34

115.90
118.16
121.98

119.23
123.54

118.68
117.60

120.37
114.39

120.37
116.90

118.28
116.33

116.34
117.86

120.68
119.99

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.350
1.481
1.540
1.645

1.296
1.417
1.542
1.570

1.307
1.424
1.526
1.590

1.302
1.429
1.511
1.598

1.296
1.417
1.504
1.606

1.320
li420
1*505
1.637

1.377
1.430
1.516
1.646

1.379
1.501
1.519
U662

1.381
1.547
1.547
1.663

1.389
1.546
1.549
1.629

1.393
1.547
1.574
1.668

1.400
1.536
1.573
1.710

1.409
1.545
1.579
1.733

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.73
1.83
1.99
2.02
2.15

1.69
1.77
1.95
1.99
2.09

1.71
1.77
1.97
1.98
2.09

1.72
1.79
1.97
1.98
2.11

1.72
1.77
1.98
1.98
2.11

1.72
1.78
2.00
2.00
2.13

1.74
1.79
2.01
2.01
2.13

1.73
1.82
1.99
2.00
2.12

1.72
1.84
2.00
2.01
2.08

1.72
1.87
2.03
2.04
2.19

1.73
1.90
1.99
2.06
2.20

1.73
1.92
1.99
2.08
2.25

1.77
1.95
2.00
2.07
2.26

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.25
2.34
2.46
2.58
2.62

2.28
2.30
2.39
2.54
2.61

2.26
2.30
2.40
2.57
2.63

2.25
2.31
2.41
2.59
2.60

2.26
2.31
2.40
2.59
2.59

2.22
2.32
2.39
2.58
2.59

2.22
2.34
2.43
2.59
2.63

2.23
2.35
2.46
2.57
2.62

2.22
2.34
2.48
2.58
2.61

2.26
2.37
2.49
2.59
2.62

2.25
2.39
2.51
2.59
2.62

2.27
2.40
2.54
2.60
2.63

2.32
2.41
2.55
2.61
2.64

1961
1962
1963

2.74
2.82

2.65
2.81
2.85

2.66
2.80
2.85

2.69
2.82
2.84

2.73
2.82
2.82

2.74
2.80
2.87

2.76
2.84

2.76
2.80

2.78
2.79

2.78
2.81

2.77
2.81

2.77
2.84

2.80
2.85

1947
1948
1949
1950

39.9
40.6
38.3
42.5

42.0
40.4
39.6
40.9

41.3
40.8
38.1
41.5

41.3
40.8
35.6
41.7

40.7
39.8
33.3
41.9

39.9
39.8
34.3
43.0

39.3
41.1
36.2
43.7

38.7
40.9
37.6
44.0

37.5
41.1
39.4
44.1

38.4
41.2
39.8
41.6

38.9
40.8
40.9
41.9

39.5
39.8
41.4
41.6

40.4
41.0
41.8
43.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.7
41.6
42.7
40.0
43.2

40.6
41.3
43.5
38.6
42.4

40.5
40.1
43.2
38.0
42.6

40.6
40.2
43.5
38.4
43.3

40.7
40.1
43^9
38.3
42.9

40.1
40.0
44.4
39.7
43.9

41.4
40.8
44.7
40.6
44.3

41.3
41.7
43.2
40.5
40.8

40.2
42.3
42.9
39.8
40.0

40.2
42.4
41.0
41.2
43.7

40.6
42.8
41.0
40.4
44.9

39.8
43.1
40.7
42.3
44.8

42.3
43.9
40.4
42.1
44.9

34.5
39.1
35.5
32.7
35.9
36.2

32.8
39.6
34.1
33.5
36.1
36.2

34.7
39.3
34.6
34.2
36.4

34.3
38.2
33.7
33.0
35.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




124

Year

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A verage

January

February

A p ril

March

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

Novem ber

December

COPPER ROLLING. DRAWING. AND EXTRUDING - SIC 3351— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.1
40.2
40.0
42.7
40.2

45.6
40.9
37.6
42.2
41.6

44.7
39.7
38.1
42.7
41.2

43.7
40.2
38.3
43.3
40.3

43.7
39.8
37.8
43.5
38.5

42.1
40.3
38.2
43.0
39.9

40.8
41.3
40.1
43.7
41.4

40.3
40.3
40.4
42.7
41.3

40.6
39.6
41.1
42*6
40.4

41.4
40.3
41.0
42.3
39.2

40.5
40.4
41.4
42.2
39.9

40.3
39.9
42.5
42.0
39.9

41.3
39.9
42.7
42.4
38.6

1961
1962
1963

42.1
42.2

39.7
42.9
42.2

39.5
42.1
41.8

40.8
42.9
41.5

41.4
42.9
40.9

42.3
42.2
42.5

43.2
43.5

43.0
42.0

43.3
41.0

43.3
41.6

42.7
41.4

42.0
41.5

43.1
42.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.5
1.2
1.9
1.6

•8
1.3
1.0
1.5
1.8
1.8

.7
1.9
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.0

.9
2.3
1.1
1.7
1.7
1.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
•8
2.2
2.1
1.8
1.0
2.5
1.5
.6
1.6
2.1
1.5
2.5
2.6
2.3
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.6
1.1
1.3
1.5

2.4
1.4
1.2
2.7
1.5

2.0
1.8
1.2
2.1
1.5

1.9
1.2
•8
1.6
1.4

2.1
.9
.8
1.4
1.0

1.4
•8
1.1
1.2
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.4
1.1
•4
.9
1.1

•3
.7
.4
•4
1.2
1.1

.3
1.1
.5
.3
.9
.6

.2
1.7
.4
•2
1.0
.8

NEW HIRES
.1
2.0
•2
.5
1.4
.7

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.3
.1
.2
1.5
•6
1.2
.5
.4
.7
1.3
1.2
1.2
•9
1.4
2.4
.9

•4
1.0
•5
1.9
1.0

.5
1.2
•4
1.3
1.2

.5
.9
.3
1.1
.9

1.0
.7
•2
1.1
.5

.7
.4
•2
•8
•4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
1.4
2.1
1.7
1.5

3.9
1.1
1.3
2.5
1.8
1.5

2.8
1.4
1.4
2.4
1.2
1.4

3.0
1.1
2.9
1.6
1.5
1.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
3.1
1.5
2.1
146
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.8
146
2.2
3.1
1.8
1.0
1.1
1.7
1.0
1.0
1.2
14 1
1.3
1.3

1.0
1.7
1.7
1.7
2.2

1.7
1.6
2.5
1.8
2.1

.7
1.5
2.5
1.6
1.4

.8
1.7
1.9
1.7
1.8

.7
1.3
2.6
1.2
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•3
.5
.3
.4
.5

•2
•3
.3
.2
.4
.3

.2
•3
.3
•1
.4
•3

.2
•4
.3
.2
.4
.3

•2
.5
•4
•3
•4

•3
.7
.5
•5
1.1

.4
.9
.5
•8
1.1

•3
•4
.3
.4
.4

.3
.3
.2
•4
.4

.3
.2
.2
.3
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
.5
1.3
.8
•5

3.3
•5
.7
1.8
.9
.8

2.2
.7
.8
1.7
.4
.7

2.5
•3
2.1
.9
.5
.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.6
1.0
2.6
.7
.4
•4
.5
.3
2.3
1.5
.9
.7
•4
•3
1.0
.7
.4
.2
•2
.2
.6
.4

•3
.5
.7
.6
•6

1.1
.2
1.5
•4
•6

•1
.7
1.7
.6
•6

•2
1.1
1.3
•8
.9

.1
.6
1.9
.4
.5

53.4
60.6
56.9
57.1
59.5

54.0
59.6
56.5
57.1
58.8

54.2
59.0
56.8
58.1
58.8

54.7
58.3
56.2
58.8
58.5

55.5
58.4
56.2
59.6
58.6

5.4
5.1
4.8
5.5

5.3
5.1
5.0
5.3

5.0
5.2
4.9
5.0
5.3

5.0
4.8
5.1
5.2

5.1
4.7
5.1
5.2

41.2
46.7
42*9
43.2
45.4

41.6
46.0
42.6
43.4
44.8

41.6
45.4
42.9
44.3
44.6

42.2
44.8
42.4
44.9
44.5

42.8
44.8
42.5
45.6
44.4

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.2
•2
•2
.6
.4
.7
•4
.3
.3
.3
•3
•5
•6
•5
.4
.4
.4

ALUMINUM ROLLING* DRAWING • AND EXTRUDING - SIC 3352
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

52.9
58.9
57.1
56.7
59.3

52.9
55.3
58.4
55.2
59.2
58.7

51.2
55.0
57.6
55.0
58.5
58.6

51.1
56.7
57.5
54.9
59.5
59.2

51.5
58.2
57.1
55.3
59.7
59.4

51.4
60.5
57.3
56.3
60.6
60.8

52.2
62.4
58.0
56.9
59.6

53.0
63.0
56.2
56.5
60.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.2
5.0
4.8
5.3

5.4
4.9
5.1
4.7
5.2
5.2

4.9
5.1
4.5
5.1
5.3

5.1
5.1
4.6
5.3
5.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.3
45.5
43.2
43.0
45.3

39.7
42.5
44.6
41.4
45.2
44.4

38.3
42.2
43.8
41.3
44.6
44.2

38.5
43.6
43.7
41.2
45.5
44.7

5.0
5.2
5.0
4.6
5.3
5.4

5.4
5.0
4.7
5.4
5.6

5.5
5.2
4.9
5.4

4.9
5.5
4.9
4.8
5.5

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




38.9
44.9
43.2
41.6
45.9
44.9

38.9
47.2
43.6
42.7
46.6
46.3

39.8
48.7
43.9
43.2
45.6

40.6
49.0
42.2
42.7
46.1

125

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

ALUMINUM ROLLING* DRAWING* AND EXTRUDING - SIC 3352— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

104.75
112.05
113.42
121.22
125.46

96.38
108.40
108.94
115.87
123.67
123.73

99.60
112.44
109.33
115.30
124.62
123.26

101.40
113.40
110.57
116.44
126.05
124.02

101.00
115.87
113.02
116.75
129.13
128.27

102.97
116.96
113.30
118.71
125.76
126.30

105.32
115.33
112.61
118.56
127.97

100.58
114.51
112.48
118.56
125.88

106.80
105.87
114.21
123.31
121.66

108.14
108.14
116.88
128.87
124.15

110.54
110.43
115.46
126.65
123.14

111.22
109.75
116.85
126.95
124.74

109.88
110.29
114.74
127.08
126.78

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.58
2.70
2.78
2.90
2.98

2.44
2.67
2.71
2.84
2.98
2.96

2.49
2.69
2.74
2.84
2.96
2.97

2.51
2.70
2.73
2.84
2.98
2.96

2.50
2.72
2.73
2.82
3.01
2.99

2.53
2.72
2.75
2.84
2.98
3.00

2.55
2.72
2.74
2.85
2.99

2.54
2.72
2.75
2.85
2.99

2.65
2.66
2.82
2.95
2.96

2.67
2.69
2.83
2.99
2.97

2.67
2.70
2.83
2.98
2.96

2.68
2.69
2.85
2.98
2.97

2.68
2.69
2.84
2.99
2.99

39.6
42.1
40.9
41.6
42.1

40.3
39.8
40.5
41.8
41.1

40.5
40.2
41.3
43.1
41.8

41.4
40.9
40.8
42.5
41.6

41.5
40.8
41.0
42.6
42.0

41.0
41.0
40.4
42.5
42.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.6
41.5
40.8
41.8
42.1

39.5
40.6
40.2
40.8
41.5
41.8

40.0
41.8
39.9
40.6
42.1
41.5

40.4
42.0
40.5
41.0
42.3
41.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.8
2.6
2.9
2.1

1.3
2.2
2.0
2.5
2.3
2.5

2.0
2.7
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.2

2.9
4.4
2.3
3.2
2.6
2.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
2.8
3.5
2.6
4.3
4.5
1.7
4.5
2.8
3.9
3.0
3.8
3.8
3.6
2.9
3.7
2.9
2.6
3.0
1.8
3.3
3.3

2.3
1.6
2.6
2.8
2.1

2.6
2.2
2.7
2.5
1.6

2.1
1.9
2.5
3.2
2.1

2.2
2.6
1.9
2.6
1.3

1.6
1.5
1.4
1.6
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.1

•2
.9
.8
.7
1.4
1.1

•4
1.0
.7
.5
1.0
1.0

•2
1.9
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.4

NEW HIRES
.4
2.4
1.6
1.2
1.6
1.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
1.0
1.3
2.7
3.3
lil
2.2
2.2
1.1
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.5
2.1
1.0
1.2

.9
1.1
1.0
1.7
1.0

1.0
.8
1.1
1.5
•8

1.0
.8
.8
1.3
.9

1.0
.7
.5
1.5
.4

.7
.7
•6
1.1
•4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.5
3.4
2.2
2.3

4.8
1.9
3.6
2.8
2.8
2.5

3.6
1.4
2.5
2.9
1.4
1.8

2.2
1.2
2.3
1.6
1.4
2.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.6
2.1
1.4
1.4
lil
1.7
2.4
3.5
2.8
3.3
4.8
1.4
1.8
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.6
2.6
2.9
1.6
1.4

2.9
5.8
3.5
3.0
3.0

2.8
4.3
4.7
3.0
3.2

2.3
3.8
2.8
2.3
2.2

2.1
2.1
2.9
1.3
2.2

2.0
2.4
3.7
1.9
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•4
.7
.6
•5
.6

.3
.5
.5
.4
.5
•4

.3
•3
.4
•3
.4
.4

•2
.5
.4
.4
.5
•4

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•3
.3
.4
.6
.7
.8
.5
.8
.7
.5
.4
.5
•6
•6
.7
.5
•4

•5
.7
.7
.5
.6

.8
1.1
.7
.8
1.0

•6
1.2
1.4
1.2
1.0

.4
•6
.5
•6
.4

•3
.4
.4
.4
.3

•2
•4
.3
•4
.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
1.4
2.3
1.1
1.2

4.1
1.0
2.7
2.1
1.6
1.6

2.8
.8
1.6
2.3
•6
1.1

1.7
.3
1.4
.9
.3
1.1

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
•6
2.3
1.7
•1
.2
•2
1.0
2.2
3.4
1.5
2.2
.8
.9
.7
•9
•8
.5
1.4
1.8
.6
.5

1.7
4i3
2.3
1.3
1.6

1.9
2.6
2.8
1.1
1.8

1.7
2.8
1.9
1.0
1.3

1.5
1.5
2.2
.4
1.4

1.5
1.7
3.0
1.2
1.5

54.4
59.2
57.2
58.0
58.9

57.6
61.1
58.5
58.7
59.8

52.0
61.4
58.6
59.5
59.7

58.9
60.6
58.6
59.4
59.7

59.8
60.4
58.0
59.3
59.7

40.4
42*6
41.4
41.4
42*9
42.9

40.7
43.0
41.2
41.8
42.2
42.1

41.3
42.4
41.1
41.6
42.8

NONFERROUS WIRE DRAWING AND INSULATING - SIC 3357
•
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

55.8
60.2
58.8
56.5
59.1




59.2
60.1
61.2
56.8
59.2
59.4

57.8
60.0
61.2
54.9
58.7
59.1

56.6
59.9
60.5
54.4
58.6
59.1

54.7
60.2
58.5
53.7
58.5
59.1

53.1
60.2
58.4
53.3
57.9
58.9

53.5
60.2
58.1
55.2
59.3

51.9
58.7
56.3
54.8
58.8

126

Y *a r

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve rag*

January

February

March

A p ril

M ay

Jun*

July

August

Saptumbar

O ctobar

Novum bar Dacambar

NONFERROUS WIRE DRAWING AND INSULATING - SIC 3357— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

13.2
12.6
11.9
12.5

13.1
12.9
13.3
11.8
12.6
12.6

13.2
13.5
11.5
12.3
12.7

13.1
13.3
11.2
12.3
12.7

12.0
13.1
12.6
11.2
12.2
12.9

13.1
12.5
11.4
12.1
12.8

13.1
12.5
11.7
12.5

11.0
12.5
12.2
11.6
12.6

13.1
12.3
12.3
12.6

13.7
12.4
12.3
12.8

11.0
13.7
12.4
12.8
12.7

13.4
12.2
12.7
12.8

13.2
12.1
12.4
12.7

42.0
46.3
44.1
45.2
45.8

45.2
48.1
45.5
45.7
46.8

39.4
48.3
45.6
46.3
46.5

46.4
47.9
45.6
46.5
46.6

47.2
47.3
44.9
46.7
46.5

94.73
96.64
100.77
103.17
106.43

97.67
95.18
98.81
106.21
108.63

100.92
99.41
97.02
107.63
109.98

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

43.0
47.3
45.7
43.6
46.1

45.8
47.4
48.3
43.9
46.6
46.3

44.4
47.3
48.1
42.1
45.9
46.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

92.93
97.39
98.23
101.26
106.25

90.09
97.52
99.54
96.88
103.57
107.27

88.22
96.60
98.18
97.20
101.84
108.20

43.3
47.2
47.5
41.3
45.7
45.8

41.7
47.3
45.5
40.8
45.6
45.8

39.9
47.2
45.4
40.6
45.0
45.7

40.9
47.2
45.0
42.4
46.4

39.3
45.5
43.4
42.0
45.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
88.00
97.21
97.47
97.03
104.06
107.70

87.78
97.25
93.83
98.40
104.98
101.91

87.78
97.90
96.59
99.95
105.65
107.87

92.29
97.94
98.12
103.94
108.32

91.24
96.28
98.81
103.88
104.41

94.21
96.46
100.26
104.30
106.25

97.81
99.54
98.74
94.53
109.55

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.25
2.33
2.39
2.44
2.50

2.23
2.30
2.37
2.41
2.46
2.53

2.20
2.30
2.36
2.40
2.46
2.54

2.20
2.32
2.36
2.39
2.46
2.54

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

41.3
41.8
41.1
41.5
42.5

40.4
42.4
42.0
40.2
42.1
42.4

40.1
42.0
41.6
40.5
41.4
42.6

40.0
41.9
41.3
40.6
42.3
42.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
4.0
4.0
3.4
3.4

1.9
3.8
3.0
2.5
3.6
3.7

2.1
3.4
2.9
3.1
2.5
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.2
1.3
1.5
1.7

.9
2.0
1.6
.8
1.7
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
3.8
5.1
3.6
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.2
.9
.9
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.1
3.7
2.1
2.0

2.20
2.31
2.34
2.40
2.47
2.51

2.20
2.32
2.35
2.42
2.48
2.55

2.24
2.31
2.37
2.44
2.49

2.22
2.32
2.41
2.45
2.48

2.27
2.33
2.41
2.46
2.50

2.28
2.37
2.42
2.43
2.53

2.25
2.34
2.44
2.48
2.54

2.32
2.35
2.41
2.47
2.55

2.32
2.35
2.45
2.48
2.54

41.1
41.5
41.0
42.4
42.1

41.5
41.4
41.6
42.4
42.5

42.9
42.0
40.8
38.9
43.3

42.1
41.3
41.3
41.6
41.9

42.1
40.5
41.0
43.0
42.6

43.5
42.3
39.6
43.4
43.3

2.7
3.1
3.4
3.4
3.3
2.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
3.4
4.4
5.1
4.6
4.3
3.3
3.5
2.9
3.9
4.7
4.8
3.3
4.0
4.1
5.2
3.3
3.3
4.7
4.4
2.5
3.1

8.3
7.3
7.1
3.9
5.2

5.9
5.2
5.7
3.7
4.6

3.7
3.4
3.9
3.4
2.1

2.7
2.6
3.3
2.6
1.9

3.4
3.9
2.4
2.1
2.0

.4
1.9
1.3
•6
1.3
1.2

.5
1.9
1.2
1.0
1.8
1.3

NEW HIRES
•6
1.9
.7
.9
1.9
1.1

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
1.0
1.1
2.5
2.2
2.1
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.8
1.6
2.3
2.5
1*6
1.3

1.9
3.9
1.8
2.7
1.8

3.4
3.2
2.7
2.6
1.9

2.4
1.9
1.5
2.4
1.3

1.6
1.3
1.1
1.5
1.0

2.0
1.4
•6
1.3
.9

4.4
2.7
3.0
5.2
3.1
3.3

4.5
3.3
3.9
4.8
3.4
2.9

3.6
2.9
7.2
4.2
3.2
3.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.4
3.4
4.4
4.7
3.8
3.3
3.2
4.3
3.9
6.3
4.8
5.3
3.0
3.4
3.2
2.8
3.2
1.9
4.7
3.5
3.0
3.2

4.2
5.2
6.4
2.4
5.2

2.9
4.2
5.5
3.6
4.6

2.4
4.9
5.5
3.5
2.8

1.5
4.9
4.1
3.6
2.4

2.2
3.1
5.5
3.2
4.3

•6
.8

•6

1.1
1.7
1.1

1 .0

.9
.9
.7

1.1

1.2
2.0
1.4
2.1
1.9

.7

•6
•8
.4
.7
.5

.7

.4
.8
.9
.5
.9
.7

3.4
1.5
1.4
4.2
1.5
2.2

3.7
2.0
2.5
3.7
1.9
1.8

2.7
2.9
4.8
.9
3.4

1.3
1.6
3.5
.8
2.1

.9
2.9
4.0
1.4
1.5

•3
3.6
3.0
2.0
1.3

1.3
1.8
4.7
1.9
3.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




1.0

.6
1 .0

39.9
42.1
40.1
41.0
42.5
40.6

39.9
42.2
41.1
41.3
42.6
42.3

41.2
42.4
41.4
42.6
43.5

.8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
.5
•5
•5
1.0
1.3
1.1
1.2
.8
.9
.9
.9
.7
.7
.9
.7
.9
.9
1.0
.8
.8
•8

2.8
1.6
5.6
2.7
1.5
1.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.7
3.9
2.5
3.5
2.0
1.7
1.5
2.5
3.5
2.5
3.8
5.0
2.0
1.6
1.7
2.1
3.5
1.7
.3
2.0
1.7
2.0

1.0

1.0
.6
1 .0

1.0

1.3
.9
1.3
.9

1 .0

127

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annua!
Average

j- » r

NONFEftftOUS FOUNDRIES -

February

Sic

A p ril

M arch

M ay

JlH M

July

August

September

O ctober

Novem ber December

336
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
91.2
86.5
84.5
77.8
83.8
81.1
81.7
79*5
67.8
63.8
65.2
62.2
70.0
72.1
75.2
75.6

1947
1948
1949
1950

85*9
81*6
67.1
76.6

94.0
84.8
77.9
66.9

92.5
84.4
73.7
68.1

92.1
84.7
70.7
69.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

86.5
87.6
92.2
75.4
77.5

88.8
86.2
94.5
84.8
74.4

89.0
86.4
94.8
82.4
75.2

88.6
86.3
94.6
80.2
76.2

88.4
86.9
94.0
76.6
77.5

88.2
86.9
92.1
73.4
77.2

86.5
86.1
94.1
73.3
77.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

77.8
73.0
59.9
68.3
66.4

81.8
79.4
64.0
64.9
70.6

80.3
77.9
61.2
65.7
70.4

78.8
77.1
60.0
66.4
69.1

77.8
74.7
57.5
67.6
67.0

76.2
72.5
56.0
67.9
65.6

1961
1962
1963

63.7
70.0

62.5
69.2
71.9

61.1
69.3
71.5

60.5
70.5
71.5

60.8
70.0
71.5

62.5
70.8
71.3

79.6
78.6
62.3
78.5

81.7
80.1
64.4
82.2

82.9
80.8
66.0
85.3

83.1
80.2
63.9
86.5

84.5
79.2
66.9
88.6

83.7
85.3
93.2
70.6
75.4

85.1
85.1
91.4
68.5
75.3

85.1
86.6
91.5
71.5
78.1

84.8
89.1
89.7
72.7
79.6

84.2
91.9
89.1
74.9
81.3

85.4
94.3
87.6
75.3
81.9

74.7
72.3
56.5
68.8
66.1

73.6
70.6
55.2
68.8
63.8

74.8
71.6
58.0
69.1
65.2

77.0
71.3
61.0
69.9
65.8

79.6
71.9
60.9
71.1
65.6

79.7
69.5
63.9
69.3
64.1

79.5
67.?
64.4
70.5
63.4

64.1
68.4

62.3
67.2

63.9
70.6

65.3
70.6

65.9
70.6

67.2
70.8

68.6
71.9

FEMALE EMPLOYEES — IN THOUSANDS
8.2
8.5

1950

8.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

10.7
10.9
13.0
11.6
10.3

10.7
10.5
13.1
10.1
10.9

10.7
11.1
13.0
9.0
10.2

10.4
11.5
12.6
9.3
11.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

11.2
10.3
7.6
7.6
7.8

7.4
7.8

7.6
7.6

10.5
9.3
6.5
7.7
7.2

7.8
7.2

7.8
7.1

10.0
8.6
6.4
7.6
6.8

7.5
6.9

7.6
7.2

10.7
8.8
6.9
7.8
7.4

7.8
7.3

7.8
7.1

6.5
7.9
7.8

7.0
8.0
7.7

7.1
7.9

6.8
7.7

7.1
8.0

7.3
8.0

7.4
8.1

7.7
8.2

7.8
8.3

7.7
7.3

9.9

1961
1962
1963

7.1
8.0

7.0
7.9
8.3

6.6
7.8
8.0

6.7
7.9
7.8

1947
1948
1949
1950

75.3
70.9
56.6
65.6

83.3
73.9
66.7
56.6

82.0
73.8
62.8
57.7

81.6
74.0
59.7
59.0

80.4
73.2
56.5
59.4

76.0
70.5
54.1
61.4

73.9
70.5
53.3
64.4

67.3
68.5
52.2
64.7

69.1
68.2
52.6
67.6

71.1
69.8
54.5
70.7

72.1
70.4
56.0
73.9

72.5
69.6
54.2
74.8

73.8
68.6
56.8
76.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

73.1
73.8
77.9
61.5
65.1

77.1
72.5
80.2
69.9
62.0

76.6
72.7
80.9
67.6
62.8

75.6
72.5
80.7
65.8
64.4

75.1
72.9
80.1
61.9
65.3

74.8
73.0
78.0
59.1
64.9

72.7
72.2
79.4
59.2
65.1

69.6
71.7
78.5
56.8
62.9

71.2
71.4
76.9
54.7
62.6

71.1
72.9
76.9
58.3
65.8

71.2
75.6
75.0
59.8
67.4

70.6
78.1
74.5
62.2
69.0

71.7
80.4
73.1
62.8
69.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

65.0
60.5
48.8
56.9
54.8

69.4
66.8
51.9
54.0
58.7

67.7
65.1
49.5
54.5
58.6

65.9
64.5
48.4
55.4
57.4

65.0
62.2
46.3
56.3
55.5

63.7
60.0
45.0
56.6
54.2

61.8
59.9
45.8
57.4
54.8

60.9
58.3
44.5
57.1
51.9

61.9
59.0
47.2
57.5
53.6

64.1
58.8
50.1
58.3
54.3

66.6
59.5
49.9
59.5
53.9

66.8
57.3
52.9
57.8
52.7

66.7
55.0
53.5
58.8
51.9

1961
1962
1963

52.3
58.1

50.9
57.6
59.7

49.6
57.9
59.5

49.2
58.5
59.4

49.4
58.2
59.3

51.3
59.0
59.2

52.7
56.3

51.1
55.2

52.5
58.5

54.1
58.7

54.4
58.7

55.7
58.9

56.9
59.9

1947
1948
1949
1950

53.96
58.92
59.87
66.44

52.52
56.94
60.40
61.66

51.91
56.64
60.40
61.23

53.57
58.08
58.44
61.95

52.39
57.93
57.76
62.94

52.89
57.70
57.99
64.25

53.32
58.72
58.91
65.35

52.86
59.06
59.52
63.18

52.61
59.66
59.10
65.21

55.06
59.24
60.44
69.41

55.80
60.80
61.26
71.05

56.28
60.46
60.88
71.56

58.79
62.42
62.12
74.16

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

72.49
76.54
79.73
79.40
84.25

71.15
77.47
81.56
79.20
82.42

71.40
75.60
80.83
79.00
82.82

71.82
76.02
81.45
77.82
83.64

72.33
73.44
79.32
76.83
82.22

72.58
73.67
79.10
77.82
83.44

72.31
74.21
79.73
78.01
82.42

70.41
71.28
79.37
76.63
81.20

71.45
74.07
78.17
78.61
82.42

73.50
77.98
79.38
79.20
85.90

73.74
81.18
80.38
82.62
89.46

73.28
80.60
78.80
83.23
86.94

76.86
82.70
80.39
83.03
87.78

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

87.31
89.60
90.85
96.87
97.11

84.23
89.51
88.69
95.82
99.55

85.47
89.73
87.78
94.94
97.84

85.47
89.95
88.39
95.41
96.80

85.88
88.36
86.71
96.35
94.23

85.67
89.02
88.69
96.52
97.44

85.44
90.27
90.91
96.93
97.84

87.51
90.17
89.54
95.91
97.11

87.94
90.45
91.14
95.99
97.51

90.25
91.66
92.92
97.20
97.66

90.03
90.06
92.40
98.98
97.66

89.13
89.38
93.67
96.96
97.32

92.35
88.92
96.17
99.05
97.22

1961
1962
1963

100.75
104.55

97.22
105.47
107.38

98.31
105.06
106.45

98.06
104.65
106.45

98.95
105.16
105.01

99.35
104.81
106.45

100.35
105.08

100.00
102.31

100.50
102.11

100.50
104.60

104.33
105.41

103.98
105.01

107.26
106.81

PRODUCTION MORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTIOM-MORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




128

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual January
Avtragt

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

NONFERROUS FOUNDRIES - SIC 336— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN OOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.349
1.473
1.535
1.601

1.284
1.420
1.529
1.557

1.301
1.423
1.529
1.550

1.313
1.420
1.514
1.545

1.313
1.434
1.520
1.554

1.339
1.439
1.530
1.571

1*343
1.457
1.530
1.571

1.345
1.484
1.534
1.560

1.363
1.499
1.531
1.575

1.387
1.523
1.538
1.618

1.395
1.520
1.551
1.660

1.407
1.523
1.557
1.672

1.427
1.545
1.557
1.701

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.73
1.84
1.94
1.99
2.06

1.69
1.81
1.91
1.98
2.04

1.70
1.80
1.92
1.97
2.04

1.71
1.81
1.93
1.97
2.04

1.71
1.80
1.93
1.96
2.03

1.72
1.81
1.92
1.97
2.04

1.73
1.81
1.94
1.98
2.04

1.73
1.80
1.95
1.98
2.02

1.73
1.82
1.93
1.98
2.04

1.75
1.87
1.96
2.00
2.08

1.76
1.91
1.97
2.02
2.13

1.77
1.91
1.97
2.05
2.10

1.80
1.91
1.98
2.03
2.11

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.14
2.24
2.30
2.38
2.44

2.09
2.21
2.28
2.36
2.44

2.10
2.21
2.28
2.35
2.44

2.10
2.21
2.29
2.35
2.42

2.11
2.22
2.27
2.35
2.41

2.11
2.22
2.28
2.36
2.43

2.12
2.24
2.29
2.37
2.44

2.15
2.26
2.29
2.38
2.44

2.15
2.25
2.29
2.37
2.45

2.18
2.28
2.30
2.40
2.46

2.18
2.28
2.31
2.42
2.46

2.19
2.28
2.33
2.40
2.47

2.22
2.28
2.34
2.41
2.48

1961
1962
1963

2.50
2.55

2.48
2.56
2.60

2.47
2.55
2.59

2.47
2.54
2.59

2.48
2.54
2.58

2.49
2.55
2.59

2.49
2.52

2.50
2.52

2.50
2.54

2.50
2.57

2.52
2.59

2.53
2.58

2.56
2.58

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.0
40.0
39.0
41.5

40.9
40.1
39.5
39.6

39.9
39.8
39.5
39.5

40.8
40.9
38.6
40.1

39.9
40.4
38.0
40.$

39.5
40.1
37.9
40.9

39.7
40.3
38.5
41.6

39.3
39.8
38.8
40.5

38.6
39.8
38.6
41.4

39.7
38.9
39.3
42.9

40.0
40.0
39.5
42.8

40.0
39.7
39.1
42.8

41.2
40.4
39.9
43.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.9
41.6
41.1
39.9
40.9

42.1
42.8
42.7
40.0
40.4

42.0
42.0
42.1
40.1
40.6

42.0
42.0
42.2
39.5
41.0

42.3
40.8
41.1
39.2
40.5

42.2
40.7
41.2
39.5
40.9

41.8
41.0
41*1
39.4
40.4

40.7
39.6
40.7
38.7
40.2

41.3
40.7
40.5
39.7
40.4

42.0
41.7
40.5
39.6
41.3

41.9
42.5
40.8
40.9
42.0

41.4
42.2
40.0
40.6
41.4

42.7
43.3
40.6
40.9
41.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.8
40.0
39.5
40.7
39.8

40.3
40.5
38.9
40.6
40.8

40.7
40.6
38.5
40.4
40.1

40.7
40.7
38.6
40.6
40.0

40*7
39.8
38*2
41*0
39.1

40.6
40.1
38.9
40.9
40.1

40.3
40.3
39.7
40.9
40.1

40.7
39.9
39*1
40*3
39.8

40.9
40.2
39.8
40.5
39.8

41.4
40.2
40.4
40.5
39.7

41.3
39.5
40.0
40.9
39.7

40.7
39.2
40.2
40.4
39.4

41.6
39.0
41.1
41.1
39.2

1961
1962
1963

40.3
41.0

39.2
41.2
41.3

39.8
41.2
41.1

39.7
41.2
41.1

39.9
41.4
40*7

39.9
41.1
41.1

40.3
41.7

40.0
40.6

40.2
40.2

40.2
40.7

41.4
40.7

41.1
40.7

41.9
41.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
2.8
2.3
2.3
2.9

1.4
2.4
2.9
1.7
3.0
3.2

1.1
2.4
2.7
2.0
3.0
3.0

1.2
2.5
2.4
1.8
2.9
3.1

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
4.5
3.6
4.5
3.9

3.2
4.8
4.3
3.7
4.6
3.7

2.7
4.7
3.5
3.0
3.6
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
3.0
1.8
2.2
2.7

•8
2.8
2.4
1.4
3.1
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.5
3.8
4.6
4.1
3.7

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




1.0
2.7
1.9
2.0
2.9
2.7

1.2
2.9
2.4
2.0
2.9
2.8

1.5
2.9
2.1
2.1
3.2

1.5
2.6
2.2
2*2
2.8

1.7
2i8
2.3
2.1
2.5

2.0
2.7
2.3
2.5
2.9

2.1
3.2
2.3
2.8
2.9

2.0
2.8
1.8
2.7
2.9

2.2
3.0
2.0
3.3
3.3

3.6
5.0
2.9
3.9
3.7
3.3

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.4
5.5
4.1
4.1
4*2
4.4
4.9
4.4
3.0
3.8
4.2
3.3
5.5
3.6
6.0
5.1
4.1
3.8
4.3
3.5
3.6
4.0

5.5
5.1
4.7
5.3
4.6

7.3
5.0
4.4
5.1
4.4

5.3
4.6
3.2
5.2
4.2

4.9
3.3
3.1
3.9
3.8

4.0
3.6
3.0
3.7
2.6

.7
3.2
2.1
1.5
2.4
1.9

1.0
3.3
2.0
1.4
2.6
2.1

NEW HIRES
1.1
2.9
1.6
1.8
3.0
2*3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.6
1.5
1.1
3.3
3.6
3*1
1.8
1.3
1.8
2.5
2.4
1.8
2.4
3.2
2.2
2.3

2.3
3.6
2.0
2.7
2.6

3.0
3.6
1.9
3.1
3.2

2.8
3.2
1.6
3.1
2.9

2.1
1.9
1.5
2.4
2.5

1.9
1.7
1.1
2.1
1.9

8.3
3.5
3.4
5.8
3.0
3.5

4.2
3.4
4.1
5.0
3.6
3.6

6.4
3.7
6.3
3.7
4.5
3.7

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.1
4.0
3.0
4.4
3.3
3.8
3.4
3.8
5.4
4.2
3.7
4.2
3.4
3*5
4.7
3.3
3.7
3.1
3.8
4.6
3.6
4.4

3.8
4*0
4.5
4.7
4.5

3.2
3.9
5.7
4.3
4.2

4.3
4.9
4.3
4.4
3.6

3.1
5.3
5.1
3.0
3.2

2.7
2.7
4.8
2.8
2.4

.6
1.1
1.2
.7
1.0
1.0

.4
1.1
1.1
.6
.9
.9

.5
1.3
1.1
.8
1.2
1.3

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•6
.9
•6
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
.9
.9
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.2
1.4
1.5

1.0
1.8
1.2
1.5
1.8

1.2
1.9
1.5
1.7
1.9

.9
1.5
.9
1.3
1.3

.8
1.1
•8
1.0
1.1

.7
•8
•6
.7
•8

129

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

NQNFERROUS FOUNDRIES - SIC 336— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
1.7
2.9
2.3
1.7

7.1
1.7
1.6
4.4
1.3
1.7

3.4
1.7
2.3
3.9
2.0
2.0

5.5
1.5
4.4
2.4
2.4
1.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.1
1.9
2.9
3.1
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.2
3.4
2.4
2.6
2.2
1.8
1.7
2.8
1.6
1.8
1.1
1.5
2.2
1.5
2.0

2.2
1.3
2.5
2.5
1.9

1.4
1.1
3.4
1.9
1.6

2.6
2.6
2.7
2.4
1.6

1.6
3.4
3.7
1.2
1.4

1.5
1.4
3.6
1.4
1.1

27.1
32.6
31.1
30.9
34.3

28.2
32.9
31.6
31.6
34.4

28.8
33.2
31.8
32.1
34.4

29.7
32.0
31.1
32.8
34.4

29.6
33.2
31.4
33.5
35.2

3.0
2.7
2.8
2.9

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9

2.8
2.9
3.0
2.8
3.0

2.9
2.9
3.0
3.0

3.0
2.8
3.1
3.0

22.2
27.3

23.3
27.7
26.3
26.5
28.8

23.9
28.0
26.4
26.8
28.8

24.8
26.7
25.8
27.4
28.9

24.8
27.9
26.1
28.2
29.6

93.66
98.17
99.45
103.22
105.32

92.23
101.11
99.70
107.01
107.18

94.37
100.70
99.20
106.14
107.71

96.59
102.17
99.85
111.09
109.45

ALUMINUM CASTINGS - SIC 3361
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

28.1
31.8
32.1
31.1
34.0

30.5
30.1
33.7
31.1
34.1
35.5

2.9
2.9
2.8
3.0

3.1
3.0
3.1
2.8
3.2
3.1

29.1
30.3
33.9
29.9
34.3
35.3

28.6
30.7
33.3
29.6
34.8
35.5

27.0
31.2
32.3
29.6
34.3
35.6

26.3
31.4
31.8
30.6
34.8
35.6

26.1
32.0
32.0
31.2
31.8

25.9
31.9
30.9
30.2
30.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
3.1
2.6
3.1
2.9

2.9
3.0
2.7
3.1
2.9

2.5
3.0
2.8
2.5
3.1
3.0

3.0
2.9
2.7
3.2
2.9

3.0
2.8
2.8
2.9

2.4
2.9
2.9
2.6
2.8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

23.0
26.7
26.7
25.8
28.4

24.9
25.2
28.2
25.6
28.8
29.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

91.08
99.05
99.14
103.48
106.34

90.16
98.29
102.75
100.50
108.73
109.56

23.7
25.3
28.5
24.5
29.0
29.7

23.2
25.8
28.0
24.3
29.2
29.9

21.9
26.2
27.0
24.2
28.9
29.9

21.3
26.4
26.6
25.3
29.3
30.0

21.3
26.9
26.8
26.0
26.1

21.1
26.6
25.2
24.9
25.2

2518

25.6
28.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
89.01
97.17
100.12
100.69
106.97
110.35

88.78
97.82
97.84
99.70
106.60
109.56

87.94
98.77
94.62
101.91
107.01
106.63

89.38
99.12
98.33
101.40
107.53
108.36

89.67
99.36
98.82
101.75
105.16

89.54
98.81
98.58
101.56
103.73

91.37
98.16
98.65
102.41
103.72

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.30
2.41
2.46
2.53
2.60

2.30
2.38
2.47
2.50
2.62
2.64

2.30
2.37
2.46
2.48
2.59
2.64

2.30
2.38
2.44
2.48
2.60
2.64

2.29
2.40
2.46
2.51
2.58

2.29
2.43
2.48
2.53
2.62

2.30
2.46
2.48
2.56
2.64

2.33
2.45
2.48
2.57
2.64

2.35
2.45
2.49
2.62
2.65

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.6
41.1
40.3
40.9
40.9

39.2
41.3
41.6
40.2
41.5
41.5

38.7
41.0
40.7
40.6
41.3
41.8

38.6
41.1
40.1
40.2
41.0
41.5

39.1
41.0
40.4
40.3
41.0

39.9
40.9
40.1
40.8
40.2

40.9
40.4
40.1
40.8
40.2

40.1
41.1
40.2
41.8
40.6

40.5
41.1
40.0
41.3
40.8

41.1
41.7
40.1
42.4
41.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.3
5.2
4.3
5.0
4.6

4.0
5.4
5.1
3.8
5.9
4.6

2.5
4.5
3.7
3.5
4.1
3.6

4.5
5.8
3.5
4.8
4.3
4.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.3
4.8
5.4
6.4
4.5
5.3
5.1
6.0
5.0
3.6
5.5
3.5
4.1
5.4
6.1
4.7
4.1
5.2
5.0
4.8
4.3
4.0

6.7
6.8
5.4
7.0
5.7

8.6
6.0
5.4
5.8
5.3

6.4
4.6
2.9
5.8
4.5

5.5
4.2
4.1
4.8
3.8

3.7
4.5
3.9
4.4
2.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
3.1
2.0
2.5
2.9

.9
2.6
2.4
1.5
3.8
3.0

.7
2.3
2.4
1.8
2.6
2.4

1.3
3.3
2.4
1.7
3.0
2.6

NEW HIRES
1.2
2.7
2.0
2.0
3.6
2.6

2.7
4.4
2.3
3.5
2.5

3.1
3.7
2.2
3.8
3.4

3.1
2.9
1.8
3.4
2.8

2.1
2.1
1.7
2.7
2.5

1.3
1.8
1.4
2.6
1.8

2.29
2.38
2.42
2.51
2.61
2.62

2.28
2.40
2.44
2.51
2.61
2.63

2.27
2.40
2.44
2.50
2.54

2.29
2.41
2.44
2.52
2.53

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




38.4
41.5
39.1
40.6
41.0
40.7

39.2
41.3
40.3
40.4
41.2
41.2

39.5
41.4
40.5
40.7
41.4

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.2
2.1
3.6
3.9
3.7
1.5
2.2
1.9
2.4
1.9
2.2
3.0
3.6
2.1
2.3

130

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Annual
Avaragu

January

February

March

Jl
«y

Arl
pi

Saptomb

December

ALUMINUM CASTINGS - SIC 3361— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.3
6.3
5.2
5.0
4.4

7.8
4.1
3.1
8.1
3.5
3.6

3.5
3.4
4.2
6.6
4.0
4.2

8.4
4.5
8.0
4.4
5.1
3.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
8.0
5.0
4.6
4.2
3.8
4.7
4.6
4.3
3.9
5.6
5.5
4.7
4.0
3.0
5.0
4.1
4.8
3.8
4.9
7.0
4.0
4.8

4.6
4.8
6.0
6.4
5.3

4.2
4.0
6.2
5.7
4.2

5.4
5.9
5.3
5.3
4.3

3.8
5.6
5.9
3.6
3.6

3.7
2.4
4.2
3.2
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.4

.7
1.2
1.3
.7
1.1
1.1

•3
1.0
1.0
.7
1.0
1.0

.7
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.4
1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
•6
1.0
.7
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.1
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.9
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7

1.2
2.1
1.4
1.8
2.0

1.5
1.9
1.7
2.1
1.9

1.1
1.5
1.1
1.6
1.3

.9
1.1
.8
1.2
1.1

.8
.8
•6
.9
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
2.1
3.3
3.0
2.1

6.4
2.2
1.2
6.6
1.7
1.6

2.9
1.8
2.4
5.3
2.0
2.4

7.2
2.2
6.0
2.8
3.0
1.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.6
2.8
2.9
4.0
1.9
1.8
1.8
2.2
3.3
2.4
3.6
2.2
3.0
2.0
1.2
2.1
1.4
3.8
2.4
2.1
1.7
2.2

2.6
1.5
3.8
3.7
2.4

2.0
1.0
3.6
2.9
1.3

3.3
3.5
3.2
2.9
2.0

2.2
3.7
4.4
1.6
1.7

2.3
1.1
3.0
1.5
1.1

30.9
36.5
34.1
33.0
36.3

32.8
37.0
34.2
33.7
36.2

32.1
37.9
33.8
33.8
36.2

34.2
37.3
33.0
34.4
36.4

34.8
37.3
32.0
35.1
36.7

4.5
4.2
4.3
5.1

4.7
4.4
4.5
5.1

4.1
4.9
4.4
4.6
5.1

4.9
4.4
4.7
5.2

4.8
4.3
4.7
5.3

25.0
30.2
27.8
26.9
29.8

26.8
30.6
28.0
27.6
29.9

26.0
31.5
27.5
27.6
29.9

28.1
31.1
26.9
28.3
30.0

28.7
30.9
25.8
28.7
30.3

92.40
96.87
96.04
101.93
103.22

92.80
93.93
95.31
101.59
102.56

95.76
96.22
94.60
103.09
104.58

2.31
2.37
2.44
2.47
2.52

2.31
2.38
2.45
2.48
2.53

2.32
2.36
2.45
2.49
2.52

2.33
2.37
2.47
2.49
2.52

39.9
40.6
39.3
39.6
41.3

40.0
40.7
39.2
41.1
40.8

40.0
39.8
38.9
40.6
40.7

41.1
40.6
38.3
41.4
41.5

OTHER NONFERROUS CASTINGS - SIC 3362*9
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

31.8
36.5
34.3
32.6
36.0

33.5
34.8
36.9
31.4
35.1
36.4

4.7
4.4
4.3
5.0

4.5
4.6
4.7
4.2
4.7
5.2

32.1
35.4
36.5
31.2
35.0
36.2

31.4
35.7
35.8
30.9
35.7
36.0

30.5
36.4
34.7
31.2
35.7
35.9

29.7
36.5
33.8
31.9
36.0
35.7

30.4
36.8
34.1
32.9
36.6

29.3
36.9
32.9
32.1
36.5

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
4.7
4.0
4.7
5.1

4.7
4.6
4.0
4.8
4.9

4.0
4.7
4.4
4.0
4.8
4.8

4.8
4.3
4.3
4.8
4.8

4.8
4.3
4.3
5.0

4.0
4.7
3.9
4.2
4.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

25.7
30.3
28.1
26.5
29.7

27.0
28.8
30.5
25.3
28.8
29.9

25.8
29.2
30.1
25.1
28.9
29.8

25.2
29.6
29.4
24.9
29.3
29.5

24.4
30.1
28.5
25*2
29.3
29.4

23.7
30.2
27.6
26.0
29.7
29.2

24.5
30.5
28.0
26.7
30.2

23.4
30.5
26.7
26.2
30.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS ~ IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

90.00
94.71
95.74
98.31
103.16

87.46
93.20
96.00
93.84
102.66
104.81

86.56
92.97
95.44
95.94
103.16
102.62

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.29
2.35
2.43
2.47
2.51

2.26
2.33
2.40
2.45
2.51
2.55

2.26
2.33
2.41
2.46
2.51
2.54

88.01
93.50
96.00
96.43
102.84
103.12

85.88
94.19
94.08
96.04
103.83
102.97

88.24
94.60
96.56
96.92
102.50
104.39

91.54
94.77
97.11
98.95
105.17

89.31
93.13
95.50
98.70
100.75

90.91
94.47
95.99
98.60
100.50

92.17
96.22
95.89
97.81
104.08

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.28
2.32
2.40
2.46
2.49
2.54

2.26
2.32
2.40
2.45
2.49
2.53

2.28
2.33
2.42
2.46
2.50
2.54

2.30
2.34
2.44
2.48
2.51

2.29
2.34
2.43
2.48
2.50

2.29
2.35
2.43
2.49
2.50

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.3
40.3
39.4
39.8
41.1




38.7
40.0
40.0
38.3
40.9
41.1

38.3
39.9
39.6
39.0
41.1
40.4

38.6
40.3
40.0
39.2
41.3
40.6

38.0
40.6
39.2
39.2
41.7
40.7

38.7
40.6
39.9
39.4
41.0
41.1

39.8
40.5
39.8
39.9
41.9

39.0
39.8
39.3
39.8
40.3

39.7
40.2
39.5
39.6
40.2

131

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

ft n n
nul
J—

y

Frimmy

Match

Arl
pi

JUfM

* *

July

August

Suptumbur

October

November

December

OTHER NONFERROUS CASTINGS - SIC 3362*9— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
3.9
3.0
4.0
3.3

2.5
4.3
3.6
3.7
3.4
2.8

2.9
4.9
3.3
2.5
3.1
2.1

2.8
4.2
2.3
2.9
3.1
2.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EHPLOYEES
3.0
3.5
5.4
4.7
3.6
4.6
4.1
3.1
3.1
2.4
2.8
3.0
5.9
5.6
5.5
3.1
2.6
3.0
3.1
3.9
3.8
3.2

4.5
3.6
4.2
3.7
3.6

6.1
4.2
3.5
4.4
3.5

4.3
4.6
3.6
4.6
3.9

4.3
2.6
2.1
3.1
3.8

4.3
2.8
2.1
3.0
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
3.0
1.5
1.9
2.4

.7
3.0
2.3
1.3
2.4
1.9

•8
4.0
1.9
1.3
2.1
1.5

.7
3.3
1.6
1.2
2.2
1.6

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.3
1.7
1.2
2.9
3.5
3.0
2.4
1.3
1.8
1.2
1.2
1.6
2.3
3.0
1.5
2.4
1.8
2.8
2.2
1.9
2.2

2.1
3.0
1.8
1.9
2.8

2.9
3.5
1.6
2.4
3.0

2.7
3.5
1.4
2.7
3.0

2.1
1.8
1.3
2.0
2.6

2.4
1.6
•8
1.7
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.7
3.3
4.1
3.2
3.0

8.8
3.0
3.6
3.4
2.5
3.4

4.7
3.3
3.9
3.5
3.3
3.0

4.6
3.0
4.6
3.1
3.9
4.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EHPLOYEES
4.5
3.1
2.0
4.2
2.8
3.0
2.6
3.1
3.8
3.6
2.9
5.3
2.5
4.5
3.0
3.7
2.7
2.5
2.8
2.5
3.9
3.1

3.1
3.3
3.1
3.1
3.7

2.3
3.9
5.2
3.0
4.2

3.3
4.0
3.4
3.6
2.9

2.5
5.0
4.4
2.4
2.9

1.8
2.9
5.3
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
1.2
.9
•9
1.1

.5
1.0
1.1
.7
•9
•9

•4
1.1
1.2
.5
.9
•9

•4
1.2
1.0
•6
1.1
1.3

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•4
.6
.5
.7
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.1
.9
•8
.7
1.2
•9
1.0
.8
1.2
1.0
.9
1.1
1.1
1.4
1.2

.8
1.4
1.0
1.2
1.6

1.0
1.8
1.3
1.4
1.8

.7
1.5
.7
1.1
1.3

.7
1.1
.8
•8
1.1

.6
.9
.6
.6
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
1.4
2.6
1.7
1.3

7.8
1.3
1.8
2.1
•9
1.8

3.9
1.6
2.2
2.6
1.9
1.6

3.8
1.0
2.8
2.0
1.8
2.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
3.8
1.1
2.2
1.0
1.4
1.0
.7
2.4
3.5
1.7
2.2
1.6
2.2
2.6
1.3
.9
1.0
•8
1.1
1.8
1.3

1.8
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.3

.9
1.3
3.2
1.0
1.9

2.0
1.7
2.2
1.9
1.2

1.1
3.1
3.0
.7
1.2

•8
1.6
4.3
1.3
1.1

56.4
62.0
57.8
55.8
59.0

57.5
62.9
58.5
56.6
58.1

58.3
60.9
57.7
56.1
57.4

59.8
59.4
56.9
58.6
58.6

60.3
61.2
55.9
58.1
58.8

4.4
4.2
4.0
4.1

4.2
4.2
4.0
4.0

4.1
4.4
4.1
3.9
4.0

4.2
4.1
4.2
4.0

4.2
4.1
4.2
4.1

43.9
49.1
45.1
43.7
46.8

45.1
50.2
46.1
44.6
45.8

45.8
48.1
45.4
44.2
45.3

47.4
46.7
44.7
46.5
46.6

47.7
48.5
43.6
46.1
46.7

103.21
108.47
110.54
120.42
123.49

105.42
107.25
109.98
122.96
125.14

109.89
114.65
111.15
125.16
129.25

MISCELLANEOUS PRIMARY NETAL INDUSTRIES - SlC 339
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

58.2
61.9
59.5
55.7
58.9

64.1
61.2
61.5
55.0
58.3
59.2

61.2
61.5
62.0
54.0
58.8
58.7

57.9
62.0
62.5
53.5
59.9
58.7

55.8
62.1
61.0
53.7
60.1
58.6

55.8
62.7
61.0
55.1
59.7
58.2

55.7
63.3
60.2
56.2
59.8

55.3
63.2
58.4
55.6
58.6

FEMALE EMPLOYEES — IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.3
4.2
4.0
4.1

4.6
4.3
4.2
4.0
4.2
4.1

4.3
4.3
4.0
4.2
4.0

4.3
4.3
4.0
4.2
4.0

4.2
4.3
4.2
4.0
4.2
4.0

4.4
4.2
4.0
4.3
4.1

4.3
4.2
4.1
4.2

4.0
4.3
4.1
4.1
4.2

PRODUCTION WORKERS — IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

45.6
49.2
46.9
43.7
46.7

50.7
48.5
48.8
42.9
46.1
46.8

48.1
48.9
49.3
42.0
46.5
46.5

45.0
49.4
49.8
41.7
47.6
46.3

43.3
49.5
48.3
41*9
47.8
46.2

43.3
50.2
48.2
43.4
47.5
45.9

43.4
50.8
47.4
44.2
47.6

43.1
50.4
45.8
43.6
46.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

100.61
111.78
112.80
117.16
124.50




97.92
110.57
118.98
112.58
122.36
129.98

96.75
110.97
119.26
111.61
123.49
127.60

98.30
111.65
117.29
111.15
125.40
126.99

97.27
112.61
110.76
112.97
123.79
125.05

96.61
115.09
112.56
115.09
122.78
127.10

99.32
113.99
111.32
117.22
124.68

102.31
113.02
110.76
115.66
122.18

99.30
110.55
107.31
115.60
123.07

102.70
111.08
110.15
120.54
126.00

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

132

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

MISCELLANEOUS PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES - SIC 339— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.62
2.76
2.82
2.90
3.00

2.57
2.73
2.86
2.85
2.97
3.08

2.58
2.74
2.86
2.84
2.99
3.06

2.58
2.75
2.84
2.85
3.00
3.06

2.58
2.76

2.59
2.78
2.80
2.87
2.98
3.07

2.79

2.86
2.99
3.05

2.60
2.76
2.79
2.88
2

2.61
2.77
2.79
2.87
2.98

2.62
2.75
2.78
2.89
2.98

2.64
2.77
2.81
2.94
3.00

2.66
2.76
2.82
2.93
2.99

2.71
2.75
2.82
2.97
3.03

2.72
2.81
2.85
2.98
3.07

37.9
40.2
38.6
40.0
41.3

38.9
40.1
39.2
41.0
42.0

38.8
39.3
39.2
41.1
41.3

38.9
39.0
39.0
41.4
41.3

40.4
40.8
39.0
42.0
42.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

38.4
40.5
40.0
40.4
41.5

38.1
40.5
41.6
39.5
41.2
42.2

37.5
40.5
41.7
39.3
41.3
41.7

38.1
40.6
41.3
39.0
41.8
41.5

37.7
40.8
39.7
39.5
4U4
41.0

37.3
41.4
40.2
40.1
41.2
41.4

38.2
41.3
39.9
40.7
41.7

39.2
40.8
39.7
40.3
41.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.6
2.3
2.4
3.2

1.2
2.5
3.6
1.9
3.1
3.4

1.0
2.5
3.8
1.8
3.1
3.0

1.2
2.5
3.0
1.8
3.3
3.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.2
2.7
2.9
2.5

1.8
3.8
3.4
3.0
2.8
2.7

1.6
3.3
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.7
1.3
1.5
1.4

•4
1.9
1.9
.9
1.7
1.3

.4
1.7
1.8
1.0
1.6
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
3.2
3.6
3.9
2.6

7.7
2.6
2.5
7.7
1.8
3.0

4.9
2.2
2.9
7.0
2.8
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
1.0
.7
.8
•8

•6
.8
.8
.5
.7
.4

.4
.7
•8
.5
.6
.5

.4
1.1
.7
.7
1.0
.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
1.7
2.4
2.6
1.3

6.7
1.5
1.3
6.8
.7
1.7

4.1
1.1
1.5
6.0
1.7
1.2

4.5
1.7
1.7
8.9
1.5
1.5

1.3
2.6
1.9
2.0
2.9
2.7

1.2
3.0
2.4
2.2
2.9
3.3

1.3
2.8
1.3
2.2
2.9

1.5
2.8
1.6
2.9
3.5

1.5
2.1
2.0
3.1
3.2

2.0
2.1
1.8
2.9
3.2

2.3
2.8
2.2
3.4
3.9

2.0
3.2
2.1
2.7
2.3
1.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.0
3.4
2.3
2.8
3.1
3.5
3.0
3.9
3.5
2.1
3.3
2.2
3.1
3.2
3.6
2*6
2.7
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3

3.5
3.1
2.5
3.1
4.6

4.1
2.5
3.4
3.1
2.1

3.6
3.0
2.8
3.5
2.8

3.0
3.7
2.2
3.0
2.0

2.4
2.8
1.8
1.7
1.9

•4
1.9
1.4
1.2
1.6
1.0

NEW HIRES
.5
1.9
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.2

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
•6
.5
2.0
2.4
1.9
1.1
1.7
1.0
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.2

.8
2.1
1.1
1.6
1.4

1.2
1.7
1.3
2.0
1.5

1.1
1.0
1.3
2.5
1.4

.9
•8
.7
2.1
1.0

.9
.7
.9
1.0
.7

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.3
4.8
4.6
3.9
3.8
3.3
3.0
2.0
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.0
3.8
3.3
2.9
10.1
2.5
2.5
1.8
2.4
2.9
2.4
2.0
4.5
2.4
2.6
2.5
2.3

2.9
3.1
4.2
2.5
2.5

2.7
4.1
4.3
2.7
3.4

2.9
6.5
4.3
2.5
2.8

2.2
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.0

1.7
2.9
6.0
2.2
2.0

•5
.9
.6
•6
.8

.7
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

.8
1.4
1.0
1.5
1.2

.8
.8
.6
.9
.7

.5
•6
.4
•8
.5

•4
•6
.4
•6
•4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
3.1
3.8
2.8
1.3
•8
.6
1.2
1.8
1.9
2.8
1.7
1.4
•8
1.0
1.2
1.0
1.1
.7
3.0
1.2
1.2

1.7
1.2
2.7
.7

1.7
5.3
3.4
1.0

1.3
1.8
2.1
1.6

1.0

1.4
2.1
2.8
•8
1.7

1.5

1.0

.9
1.9
5.2
1.1
1.1

43.2
45.9
41.6
39.8
41.0

43.8
46.7
42.2
40.0
39.9

44.3
44.7
41.2
39.2
39.3

45.5
43.3
40.7
40.9
40.7

45.9
44.8
39.8
40.5
40.9

N 9 0 N 0

<4

♦ <0 *

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.4
.4
1.2
1.2
1.1
.9
•8
.7
.7
•6
1.0
.9
•8
•8
.7
.7

fl'NO'OC>

1.7
2.8
2.0
2.1
2.8

1.2
3.2
2.1
2.4
3.4

IRON AND STEEL FORGINGS - SIC 3391
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

44.4
46.3
43.2
39.3
40.9




49.2
46.6
45.2
39.3
40.6
41.1

46.9
46.8
45.5
38.4
40.7
40.5

44.0
47.2
46.0
37.9
41.8
40.3

42.3
47.0
45.2
37.9
41.8
40.4

42.4
47.2
44.6
39.0
41.6
40.0

42.5
47.6
43.9
39.8
41.5

42.2
47.3
42.2
39.3
40.6

133

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

IRON AND STEEL FORGINGS - SIC 3391— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4

3.1
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.4

2.8
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.3

2.8
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.3

2.8
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.3

2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.4

2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4

2.7
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4

2.7
2.5
2.4
2.3

2.6
2.5
2.4
2.3

2.7
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.3

2.6
2.5
2.4
2.3

2.6
2.5
2.4
2.4

34.2
36.8
32.9
31.6
33.0

34.9
37.8
33.7
31.9
31.9

35.3
35.8
32.8
31.2
31.3

36.5
34.5
32.4
32.9
32.7

36.7
36.1
31.5
32.6
32.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

35.2
37.3
34.5
31.3
32.9

39.5
37.5
36.4
31.1
32.6
32.9

37.4
37.8
36.8
30.3
32.6
32.5

34.6
38.1
37.2
30.0
33.7
32.2

1935

23.32

22.87

24.41

24.69

24.23

22.89

21.08

19.85

23.28

23.21

23.61

24.29

25.33

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

25.02
27.93
22.99
28.16
31.30

23.72
27.67
20.65
26.68
31.24

24.36
28.25
20.89
27.27
30.78

25.24
29.26
21.89
27.05
29.71

25.19
30.21
21.31
26.94
29.56

25.06
29.57
21.05
27.23
28.92

24.28
29.20
20.59
26.82
29.57

23.05
26.19
21.20
26.42
30.26

24.26
27.70
23.58
28.04
31.23

23. 61
28.23
24.52
28.08
31.55

25.18
28.01
25.96
30.12
33.53

26.75
25.56
26.14
31.49
33.68

29.17
23.92
28.16
32.01
35.51

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

39.50
48.47
54.08
57.39
53.71

35.83
45.59
53.78
57.43
59.55

36.27
46.07
54.67
58.20
60.32

37.15
46.59
54.45
57.84
59.20

37.18
47.70
54.74
56.37
59.50

39.25
48.13
54.60
56.15
56.38

41.14
48.21
53.84
56.58
56.60

38.50
46.61
50.11
55.28
54.46

40.41
48.31
53.42
55.27
45.74

40.90
47.34
47.24
58.23
45.59

42.00
50.94
56.91
59.38
49.55

41.47
51.51
58.01
58.17
47.99

43.94
54.22
56.79
58.73
50.55

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

50.41
59.44
64.76
62.75
73.67

51.12
56.16
64.31
68.88
64.44

46.31
56.98
63.85
68.24
66.50

46.83
57.88
63.02
64.74
68.34

49.83
57.29
62.13
61.81
68.39

48.00
57.79
61.65
61.53
72.53

48.93
59.81
63.15
62.49
71.80

47.49
57.27
62.84
60.84
72.66

51.99
56.52
64.56
59.93
74.20

51.90
60.77
66.47
59.69
77.39

53.64
63.89
68.84
59.62
79.67

53.90
63.09
68.95
58.98
82.23

55.46
64.43
68.96
63.57
80.48

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

84.32
85.69
90.67
86.24
100.74

81.98
90.82
94.17
87.91
93.73

81.02
89.18
93.30
87.07
95.47

83.42
87.13
93.94
85.09
98.18

85.06
84.04
92.20
82.72
100.67

84.08
84.85
90.47
83.54
100.38

85.54
84.03
88.99
83.92
101.28

81.71
75.64
88.54
84.29
96.70

82.91
76.24
89.82
85.57
99.84

83.98
81.41
88.18
85.28
103.74

86.60
86.11
89.47
86.94
105.'0

84.80
88.83
89.65
88.24
305.75

90.61
94.83
89.87
91.37
106.00

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

104.83
105.32
102.87
114.11
115.74

107.43
111.78
99.79
113.08
122.66

105.33
108.99
98.32
113.48
123.07

105.08
108.73
99.91
114.17
120.66

103.34
104.90
98.32
115.14
114.26

102.92
104.90
98.69
117.38
115.42

101.11
107.27
101.84
116.28
113.97

101.34
104.90
104.64
115.95
114.73

100.44
103.88
100.88
113.43
108.86

103.48
103.22
104.72
112.22
112.91

109.04
101.76
105.49
110.50
113.68

108.10
99.00
107.42
108.59
112.22

108.26
100.85
113.52
116.98
114.05

1961
1962
1963

119.10
126.48

116.33
124.24
131.75

114.46
126.07
129.56

112.99
128.03
128.21

115.24
126.69
126.72

117.71
125.15
129.74

120.20
126.38

118.90
124.84

117.21
126.07

122.51
126.79

120.40
125.64

125.26
128.11

126.38
130.51

1935

.586

.576

.577

.585

.591

.593

.592

.582

.594

.589

.583

.584

.585

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.603
•688
.723
.743
.771

.596
•642
.727
.741
.760

.597
.642
.723
.739
.760

.601
.659
.720
.731
.754

.604
•682
.715
.738
.758

.598
.691
.721
.746
.755

.595
.697
.720
.743
.762

.594
.682
.726
.736
.770

.605
.696
.719
.738
.773

.607
.713
.717
.735
.777

•601
.709
.721
.751
.789

•608
.720
.726
.757
.798

.626
.714
.739
.764
.798

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.874
1.029
1.153
1.221
1.229

.807
.968
1.118
1.204
1.259

.815
.974
1.139
1.210
1.262

.822
.983
1.132
1.210
1.257

.830
1.002
1.138
1.207
1.258

.857
1.007
1.147
1.205
1.250

.881
1.017
1.143
1.209
1.244

.881
1.011
1.121
1.215
1.235

.892
1.039
1.144
1.199
1.210

.911
1.059
1.175
1.247
1.169

.917
1.077
1.188
1.250
1.191

.934
1.096
1.201
1.243
1.185

.947
1.118
1.193
1.247
1.221

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.296
1.475
1.603
1.660
1.788

1.220
1.404
1.561
1.684
1.687

1.206
1.414
1.565
1.685
1.705

1.226
1.422
1.560
1.660
1.730

1.268
1.418
1.565
1.644
1.727

1.280
1.434
1.553
1.654
1.752

1.281
1.484
1.567
1.662
1.747

1.287
1*476
1.571
1.640
1.768

1.323
1.468
1.622
1.642
1.801

1.341
1.508
1.670
1.658
1.834

1.358
1.547
1.679
1.656
1.857

1.375
1.550
1.690
1.652
1.886

1.390
1.560
1.682
1.673
1.876

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.97
2.05
2.19
2.24
2.41

1.92
2.05
2.19
2.22
2.32

1.92
2.05
2.18
2.21
2.34

1.94
2.05
2.20
2.21
2.36

1.96
2.03
2.19
2.20
2.38

1.96
2.03
2.18
2.21
2.39

1.98
2.02
2.16
2.22
2.40

1.95
1.98
2.17
2.23
2.37

1.96
1.97
2.18
2.24
2.40

1.99
2.02
2.21
2.25
2.47

2.00
2.06
2.22
2.27
2.48

2.00
2.11
2.23
2.28
2.5C

2.05
2.17
2.23
2.29
2.50

33.2
38.0
36.4
30.0
33.8
32.3

33.4
38.3
35.9
31.1
33.6
31.9

33.7
38.7
35.1
31.8
33.5

33.4
38.2
33.4
31.3
32.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




134

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Awrogt

Jonuory

F.bruary

March

Arl
pi

IRON AND STEEL F0R6INGS -SIC 3391— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERA6E HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

2.52
2.62
2.70
2.86
2.93

2.51
2.63
2.64
2.82
2.97

2.49
2.62
2.65
2.83
2.98

2.49
2.62
2.65
2.84
2.95

2.49
2.59
2.65
2.85
2.90

2.48
2.59
2.66
2.87
2.90

2.46
2.61
2.68
2.85
2.90

2.49
2.59
2.69
2.87
2.89

2.48
2.61
2.69
2.85
2.88

2.53
2.64
2.72
2.87
2.91

2.59
2.65
2.74
2.87
2.93

2.58
2.64
2.79
2.85
2.93

2.59
2.64
2.81
2.91
2.97

1961
1962
1963

3.00
3*10

2.96
3.06
3.19

2.95
3.09
3.16

2.95
3.10
3.15

2.97
3.09
3.16

2.98
3.09
3.18

2.99
3.09

2.98
3.09

2.99
3.09

3.04
3.10

3.01
3.11

3.07
3.14

3.06
3.16

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
39.8

39.7

42.3

42.2

41.0

38.6

35.6

34.1

39.2

39.4

40.5

41.6

43.3

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

41.5
40.6
31.8
37.9
40.6

39.8
43.1
28.4
36.0
41.1

40.8
44.0
28.9
36.9
40.5

42.0
44.4
30.4
37.0
39.4

41.7
44.3
29.8
36.5
39.0

41.9
42.8
29.2
36.5
38.3

40.8
41.9
28.6
36.1
38.8

38.8
38.4
29.2
35.9
39.3

40.1
39.8
32.8
38.0
40.4

38.9
39.6
34.2
38.2
40.6

41.9
39.5
36.0
40.1
42.5

44.0
35.5
36.0
41.6
42.2

46.6
33.5
38.1
41.9
44.5

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

45.2
47.1
46.9
47.0
43.7

44.4
47.1
48.1
47.7
47.3

44.5
47.3
48.0
48.1
47.8

45.2
47.4
48.1
47.8
47.1

44.8
47.6
48.1
46.7
47.3

45.8
47.8
47.6
46.6
45.1

46.7
47.4
47.1
46.8
45.5

43.7
46.1
44.7
45.5
44.1

45.3
46.5
46.7
46.1
37.8

44.9“
44.7
40.2
46.7
39.0

45.8
47.3
47.9
47.5
41.6

44.4
47.0
48.3
46.8
40.5

46.4
48.5
47.6
47.1
41.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

38.9
40.3
40.4
37.8
41.2

41.9
40.0
41.2
40.9
38.2

38.4
40.3
40.8
40.5
39.0

38.2
40.7
40.4
39.0
39.5

39.3
40.4
39.7
37.6
39.6

37.5
40.3
39.7
37.2
41.4

38.2
40.3
40.3
37.6
41.1

36.9
38.8
40.0
37.1
41.1

39.3
38.5
39.8
36.5
41.2

38.7
40.3
39.8
36.0
42.2

39.5
41.3
41.0
36.0
42.9

39.2
40.7
40.8
35.7
43.6

39.9
41.3
41.0
38.0
42.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.8
41.8
41.4
38.5
41.8

42.7
44.3
43.0
39.6
40.4

42.2
43.5
42.8
39.4
40.8

43.0
42.5
42.7
38.5
41.6

43.4
41.4
42.1
37.6
42.3

42.9
41.8
41.5
37.8
42.0

43.2
41.6
41.2
37.8
42.2

41.9
38.2
40.8
37.8
40.8

42.3
38.7
41.2
38.2
41.6

42.2
40.3
39.9
37.9
42.0

43.3
41.8
40.3
38.3
42.5

42.4
42.1
40.2
38.7
42.3

44.2
43.7
40.3
39.9
42.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.6
40.2
38.1
39.9
39.5

42.8
42.5
37.8
40.1
41.3

42.3
41.6
37.1
40.1
41.3

42.2
41.5
37.7
40.2
40.9

41.5
40.5
37.1
40.4
39.4

41.5
40.5
37.1
40.9
39.8

41.1
41.1
38.0
40.8
39.3

40.7
40.5
38.9
40.4
39.7

40.5
39.8
37.5
39.8
37.8

40.9
39.1
38.5
39.1
38.8

42.1
38.4
38.5
38.5
38.8

41.9
37.5
38.5
38.1
38.3

41.8
30.2
40.4
40.2
38.4

1961
1962
1963

39.7
40.8

39.3
40.6
41.3

38.8
40.8
41.0

38.3
41.3
40.7

38.8
41.0
40.1

39.5
40.5
40.8

40.2
40.9

39.9
40.4

39.2
40.8

40.3
40.9

40.0
40.4

40.8
40.8

41.3
41.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.2
2.8
2.8
2.5

1.8
3.9
3.8
3.2
3.3
2.6

1.5
2.8
3.0
2.2
2.5
2.2

1.9
2.6
2.5
2.2
2.2
1.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
3.4
2.3
2.7
4.1
2.9
3.5
3.7
2.6
2.3
2.2
3.3
2.1
3.5
3.4
3.3
2.2
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.4
2.5

3.7
2.7
2.6
2.9
5.2

4.2
2.1
3.6
3.0
1.5

3.4
3.4
3.0
3.0
2.7

3.3
4.3
2.6
2.8
1.7

2.5
3.6
2.2
1.8
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.2

.4
1.5
2.0
.9
2.0
1.4

•2
1.3
1.7
.7
1.6
1.3

.3
1.2
1.7
.7
1.4
1.0

NEW HIRES
•4
1.7
.9
•8
1.3
1.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•5
•8
•4
1.9
1.8
1.3
•6
•9
1.3
1.5
.9
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.3

•6
1.5
.9
1.3
1.1

•8
1.1
.8
1.6
.9

.7
.7
1.2
1.9
.9

•6
.6
.7
1.5
•9

•9
•8
.9
•9
.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
3.2
3.7
4.4
2.5

7.7
2.6
2.0
9.6
1.8
3.1

5.5
2.3
2.5
8.9
2.2
2.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.4
5.6
4.0
5.0
3.7
3.5
2.8
1.8
3.0
2.5
3.2
3.5
3.0
4.3
2.5
12.8
2.0
2.3
2.5
2.0
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.0
5.4
2.8
2.6
2.6

3.1
2.5
4.5
2.4
2.2

2.7
4.2
4.7
2.5
3.3

3.0
7.9
3.0
2.3
2.7

2.2
3.2
3.4
2.8
1.3

1.7
1.7
7.3
2.2
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
•8
•6
•6
.7

.5
.7
.7
.4
•6
•4

•3
.7
.7
•3
•5
•4

.7
•8
•8
1.0
1.0

.7
1.2
•8
1.3
1.0

•6
.6
•4
.7
•6

•4
.5
•4
•6
•4

•3
.5
.4
•5
•4




QUITS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
•3
•4
•4
•9
1.0
1.0
•8
•6
.7
•4
•8
•5
•6
.7
.7
.7
•8

•4
.7
.5
•6
.7

* Ul * V* W

•4
.9
•6
.4
.7
•6

OB*Ox0<9<0

1935

135

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

IRON AND STEEL F0R6INGS - SIC 3391— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.7
1.5
.9
8.7
•8
1.8

3.2
1.9
2.7
3.3
1.4

4.7
1.2
1.4
8.2
1.2
1.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.3
3.3
2.9
3.5
1.6
1.0
1.4
.7
2.0
3.4
2.3
1.7
1.5
1.2
•8
1.5
1.4
.9
4.2
1.3
1.4
1.3

4.8
2.2
1.9
12.0
1.5
1.6

1.7
2.5
3.5
.9
1.8

2.0
1.2
3.3
•8
.9

2.1
6.9
2.3
1.0
1.8

1.4
2.3
2.8
1.7
•6

1.0
.8
6.6
1.2
.9

FABRICATED M ETAL PR O D U CTS - SIC 3 4
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

989
979
881
982

997
999
949
877

999
990
934
885

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1*077.8
1*064.4
1*156.4
1*069.9
1,122.4

1*089.3
1*058.4
1*151.1
1*102.6
1*071.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1*140.4
1*167.3
1,076.9
1*122.5
1*135.3

1*152.4
1*168.1
1,135.7
1*104.8
1*152.6

1,005
988
908
899

1*001
976
885
917

1*094.2
1*060.5
1,163.8
1*092.0
1*078.8

1,099.4
1*062.1
1*172.3
1,079.4
1*096.3

1*142.5
1,171.5
1*098.2
1*100.3
1*160.1

1*137.6
1,170.7
1*072.6
1*114.1
1*151.6

966
976
861
1*026

987
989
881
1*051

989
989
863
1*072

990
987
849
1,078

1*000
977
869
1,084

1*061.8
981.0
1*159.6
1*043.2
1*113.2

1*066.3
1*035.1
1*165.7
1*054.2
1*125.7

1*059.4
1*074.8
1*161.8
1,054.5
1,144.0

1,060.0
1,103.7
1,148.5
1,060.8
1,154.7

1,056.7
1,119.7
1,129.0
1,075.7
1*165.2

1,060.9
1*140.8
1*101.8
1,078.2
1*163.3

1*082.1
1*151.7
1,039.0
1*142.6
1*122.7

1*122.1
1*162.1
1,059.1
1*112.0
1*127.2

1*141.1
1*164.7
1*089.5
1*134.1
1*139.4

1,165.9
1,177.8
1,073.5
1*104.0
1,136.9

1*168.9
1*179.4
1*115.1
1*096.3
1,116.9

1*170.3
1*166.7
1,108.1
1,141.3
1,092.1

988
969
863
940

984
949
855
973

962
962
848
981

1*101.8
1,061.5
1,171.7
1,069.3
1*108.0

1,094.7
1*052.5
1*173.1
1*065.0
1*119.2

1*089.6
1*022.7
1*178.2
1*064.3
1*129.3

1*143.5
1*166.6
1*048.1
1*125.9
1*138.4

1*132.9
1*161.1
1*035.4
1*138.3
1*138.7

1*125.6
1*167.2
1*048.5
1,156.2
1*146.6

1961 1*084.5 1,069.7 1*047.0 1*041.9 1*053.2 1*079.3 1,090.7 1*075.4 1*097.4 1*105.6 1,114.6 1,122.4 1*116.9
1962 1*127.5 1*106.3 1*104.3 1,110.1 1*120.2 1*131.1 1*139.5 1*126.2 1*126.8 1,146.7 1,145.0 1,140.5 1,133.8
1963
1*123.0 1,119.7 1*121.5 1*133.7 1*147.6
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

155.3

161.5

172.7

192.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

197.2
190.5
221.0
207.3
195.0

201.6
193.2
227.3
194.6
200.5

194.3
182.5
225.0
182.6
197.0

189.7
203.1
219.4
188.8
211.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

208.6
200.9
188.6
188.3
193.6

187.6
194.2

190.0
192.9

203.5
199.5
173.3
191*0
189.4

192.6
188.3

193.9
188.2

188.3
191.2
168.7
189.7
182.2

190.4
182.9

196.0
184.8

204.0
199.0
177.0
190.8
185.1

185.4
181.6

193.1
177.3

174.1
184.3
186.6

171.1
184.0
187.7

170.0
186.0
187.1

170.8
1^7.7
189.2

176.3
189.2
190.5

178.0
189.1

175 J1
184.1

178.5
186.2

180.6
189.3

185.7
190.7

187.2
190.3

185.8
188.7

1961
1962
1963

190.7
186.7
177.8
187.5

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

826
809
714
812

838
830
777
714

839
822
762
721

844
819
739
735

839
806
716
751

826
799
695
776

820
782
691
807

799
792
683
812

805
804
699
853

823
817
719
879

824
819
700
894

825
816
685
896

835
806
706
901

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

883.0
859.4
937.4
851.1
897.8

903.0
858.4
938.1
882.1
851.8

904.9
860.1
947.3
871.4
859.8

909.2
859.2
956.6
860.3
877.0

910.1
858.8
954.9
850.1
886.4

899.8
849.4
954.9
846.7
896.5

894.6
820.2
957.9
845.1
904.6

863.2
777.9
938.1
825.2
886.1

868.0
830.2
944.2
836.0
898.3

862.4
869.5
941.1
835.2
916.3

861.8
894.0
928.0
843.3
927.2

858.0
908.1
907.7
858.4
935.7

860.4
927.5
880.3}
859.3
934.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

900.7
913.2
824.5
868.5
874.3

919.6
921.6
875.6
854.3
893.4

909.4
922.0
841.2
851.4
901.0

903.3
920.2
819.1
863.4
892.4

906.8
913.4
796.3
874.6
878.3

895.0
908.0
785.3
887.7
877.7

885.8
912.8
797.1
903.9
883.9

838.6
896.0
789.5
888.7
860.0

878.6
906.4
808.0
854.2
864.2

899.2
907.3
838.0
876.1
876.8

923.4
921.0
821.7
847.1
874.3

925.8
922.3
864.0
838.6
856.0

923.4
907.7
858.3
882.5
833.0

1961
1962
1963

826.0
863.8

810.8
846.1
857.2

790.3
842.9
853.6

786.6
849.5
855.4

796.2
858.2
867.6

822.8
868.2
880.0

831.7
876.0

816.1
860.1

838.4
860.0

845.5
881.2

854.0
880.1

862.8
874.1

856.9
868.7

1947
1948
1949
1950

51.74
56.33
57.45
63.04

49.36
55.08
57.85
59.55

49.00
54.48
57.35
59.31

54.23
58.81
58.13
66.23

54.51
58.71
56.51
65.77

56.12
59.18
59.28
67.83

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




49.57
54.64
56.98
59.27

49.73
54.58
55.83
60.18

50.84
54.85
56.30
60.51

51.65
55.51
57.02
62.44

51.54
55.46
57.25
62.13

51.23
57.45
57.76
64.36

53.29
56.65
58.88
65.28

136

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 34— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

68.55
71.72
76.49
76.70
81.73

67.04
69.97
76.50
76.30
79.52

67.30
70.22
76.14
75.70
79.71

68.62
70.47
76.93
75.33
80.10

68.62
68.54
76.74
74.77
79.71

68.13
69.80
76.38
76.30
81.09

68.72
69.12
76.62
76.30
80.32

67.24
67.03
75.76
74.99
81.36

67.73
69.94
75.95
76.33
82.15

68.81
73.85
75.07
77.11
83.38

69.22
74.98
76.59
77.90
84.60

68.31
75.23
76.04
78.88
84.42

70.81
77.69
77.38
80.06
84.42

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

84.67
88.34
89.78
96.12
98.42

82.00
86.30
86.68
93.32
99.70

82.20
86.72
86.19
93.26
97.85

82.41
87.13
87.25
95.24
97.61

82.81
87.33
86.97
95.94
96.40

82.42
87.74
88.26
97.70
99.14

83.84
88.99
90.00
98.83
100.04

82.82
88.54
90.40
96.29
99.06

83.64
89.38
91.71
97.29
100.28

87.15
91.30
93.25
97.88
100.37

88.62
89.76
91.71
95.71
99.47

86.94
89.73
93.15
93.83
97.60

89.89
88.66
95.12
99.12
96.68

1961
1962
1963

100.85
104.81

96.78
101.96
105.52

96.92
102.72
105.01

97.42
103.48
105.67

99.05
104.39
104.75

100.44
105.32
108.32

102.09
106.34

101.34
104.30

102.34
105.32

99.70
106.66

102.75
105.73

103.66
105.22

105.16
106.30

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.265
1.384
1.447
1.519

1.198
1.337
1.439
1.474

1.201
1.332
1.441
1.468

1.209
1.336
1.439
1.467

1.216
1.341
1.439
1.475

1.246
1.351
1.440
1.483

1.269
1.364
1.451
1.501

1.282
1.390
1.453
1.508

1.284
1.415
1.455
1.525

1.303
1.427
1.461
1.547

1.313
1.438
1.446
1.562

1.323
1.439
1.438
1.566

1.333
1.440
1.460
1.596

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.64
1.72
1.83
1.88
1.96

1.60
1.67
1.80
1.87
1.93

1.61
1.68
1.80
1.86
1.93

1.63
1.69
1.81
1.86
1.93

1.63
1.68
1.81
1.86
1.93

1.63
1.69
1.81
1.87
1.94

1.64
1.69
1.82
1.87
1.94

1.64
1.68
1.83
1.87
1.97

1.64
1.71
1.83
1.68
1.97

1.65
1.75
1.84
1.89
1.99

1.66
1.76
1.85
1.90
2.00

1.65
1.77
1.85
1.91
2.01

1.67
1.79
1.86
1.92
2.01

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.05
2.16
2.25
2.35
2.43

2.00
2*11
2.20
2.31
2.42

2.00
2.11
2.21
2.32
2.41

2.01
2.12
2.22
2.34
2.41

2.01
2.13
2.23
2.34
2.41

2.02
2.14
2.24
2.36
2.43

2.04
2.16
2.25
2.37
2.44

2.03
2.17
2.26
2.36
2.44

2.05
2.18
2.27
2.35
2.44

2.09
2.20
2.28
2.37
2.46

2.11
2.20
2.27
2.34
2.45

2.10
2.21
2.30
2.34
2.44

2.13
2.20
2.32
2.40
2.46

1961
1962
1963

2.49
2.55

2.45
2.53
2.58

2.46
2.53
2.58

2.46
2.53
2.59

2.47
2.54
2.58

2.48
2.55
2.61

2.49
2.55

2.49
2.55

2.49
2.55

2.48
2.57

2.50
2.56

2.51
2.56

2.54
2.58

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION?*WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.9
40.7
39.7
41.5

41.2
41.2
40.2
40.4

40.8
40.9
39.8
40.4

41.0
40.9
39.6
40.4

40.9
40.7
38.8
40.8

40.8
40.6
39.1
40.8

40.7
40.7
39.3
41.6

40.2
39.9
39.4
41-2

39.9
40.6
39.7
42.2

40.9
39.7
40.3
42.2

41.3
40.9
40.2
42.4

41.2
40.8
39.3
42.0

42.1
41.1
40.6
42.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.8
41.7
41.8
40.8
41.7

41.9
41.9
42.5
40.8
41.2

41.8
41.8
42.3
40.7
41.3

42.1
41.7
42.5
40.5
41.5

42.1
40.8
42.4
40.2
41.3

41.8
41.3
42.2
40.8
41.8

41.9
40.9
42.1
40.8
41.4

41.0
39.9
41.4
40.1
41.3

41.3
40.9
41.5
40.6
41.7

41.7
42.2
40.8
40.8
41.9

41.7
42.6
41.4
41.0
42.3

41.4
42.5
41.1
41.3
42.0

42.4
43.4
41.6
41.7
42.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.3
40.9
39.9
40.9
40.5

41.0
40.9
39.4
40.4
41.2

41.1
41.1
39.0
40.2
40.6

41.0
41.1
39.3
40.7
40.5

41.2
41.0
39.0
41.0
40.0

40.8
41.0
39.4
41.4
40.8

41.1
41.2
40.0
41.7
41.0

40.8
40.8
40.0
40.8
40.6

40.8
41.0
40.4
41.4
41.1

41.7
41.5
40.9
41.3
40.8

42.0
40.8
40.4
40.9
40.6

41.4
40.6
40.5
40.1
40.0

42.2
40.3
41.0
41.3
39.3

1961
1962
1963

40.5
41.1

39.5
40.3
40.9

39.4
40.6
40.7

39.6
40.9
40.8

40.1
41.1
40.6

40.5
41.3
41.5

41.0
41.7

40.7
40.9

41.1
41.3

40.2
41.5

41.1
41.3

41.3
41.1

41.4
41.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.1
2.8
2.1
2.8
2.6

2.9
2.8
1.7
2.2
3.2

2.9
2.8
1.7
2.3
2.8

2.9
2.8
1.6
2.5
2.5

2.8
2.7
1.6
2.7
2.1

2.7
2.7
1.7
3.0
2.7

2.9
2.9
1.9
3.2
2.7

2.7
2.8
2.0
2.9
2.5

2.9
2.9
2.4
3.3
2.9

3.5
3.3
2.5
3.4
2.8

3.6
2.9
2.6
2.9
2.6

3.3
2.7
2.5
2.4
2.1

3.6
2.1
2.8
3.0
1.9

1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.9

1.7
2.6
2.7

1.7
2.6
2.6

1.8
2.6
2.7

2.0
2.8
2.4

2.2
2.9
3.0

2.5
3.1

2.6
2.9

2.8
3.1

3.0
3.3

2.9
3.0

2.9
3.0

2.9
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.8
4.7
3.9
4.4
4.1

2.8
3.9
4.9
4.3
4.1
3.7

2.6
3.8
3.8
3.5
3.7
3.2

2.7
4.5
3.3
4.9
4.0
3.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
3.5
4.7
4.1
4.8
4.1
4.5
5.4
3.7
4.4
4.3
3.6
4.8
4.6
4.7
4.7
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.0
4.3
4.2

5.6
6.0
5.4
5.6
5.5

5.8
5.1
4.3
5.0
4.5

4.3
3.7
3.6
4.4
3.9

3.3
5.2
2.7
3.4
3.0

2.8
5.2
2.5
2.7
2.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIMEi HOURS




137

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

Jl
uy

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 34— CONTINUED

1.7
2.7
2.1
2.1
2.4

1.1
2.1
2.6
1.3
2.3
1.9

1.1
2.1
2.4
1.3
2.0
1.8

1.1
2.5
1.9
1.5
2.2
2.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
1.8
1.3
3.9
2.9
3.0
2.3
2.6
2.1
2.1
2.7
2.4
2.9
2.6
3.2
2.6

2.4
3.5
2.6
3.2
2.9

3.0
3.5
2.4
3.0
3.0

2.4
2.4
2.0
2.8
2.6

1.9
1.9
1.4
2.1
1.9

1.5
1.9
1.0
1.4
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.4
4.7
4.8
4.6
4.2

6.4
4.5
3.7
6.7
4.7
4.2

5.1
3.6
4.2
5.2
4.0
3.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.7
4.7
3.3
4.2
4.0
3.6
3.8
3.8
3.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
5.2
3.8
4.4
4.4
3.1
3.5
4.3
4.5
3.9
3.4
3.6
4.1
5.4
3.8
3.5
3.7

4.3
5.1
5.1
4.8
4.7

4.4
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.9

4.7
8.3
5.0
4.5
4.7

3.9
5.9
4.9
4.3
3.9

3.5
3.6
6.4
4.4
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.3

•8
1.0
1.1
.6
1.0
.9

•6
.9
1.1
•6
.9
.8

.6
1.1
1.1
.7
1.1
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•8
.8
.7
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
.8
•9
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.3

1.3
1.9
1.5
1.7
1.9

1.6
2.3
1.8
2.1
2.2

1.1
1.4
1.0
1.3
1.3

.9
1.1
.7
1.0
.9

.7
.9
•6
•8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
2.6
3.0
2.9
2.2

5.1
2.8
2.0
5.5
3.0
2.5

4.1
2.0
2.4
4.1
2.3
2.1

3.6
1.8
3.3
3.2
2.0
2.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
3.5
2.8
2.1
2.5
1*8
1.6
1.5
2.9
2.5
2.0
3.1
2.0
2.6
2.7
1.7
1.6
1.9
3.3
1.5
1.7
1.7

2.4
2.4
2.9
2.4
2.0

2.2
2.4
2.8
2.2
2.0

2.9
6.1
3.4
2.3
2.6

2.5
4.2
3.6
2.6
2.4

2.3
2.2
5.3
3.0
2.3

NEW HIRES
1.2
3.0
2.0
1.8
2.4
2.4

2.7
3.7
4.9
4.4
4.1
3.5

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
3.9
2.9
4.1
4.7
3.6
3.7
4.7
4.7
4.0
4.2
4.3

4.0
3.6
3.5
4.3
3.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.3
4.4
3.6
6.8
4.8
4.1

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
4.6
3.8
3.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
3.1
3.4
5.4
3.6

4.6
8.0
5.0
4.5
4.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
.9
1.0
•6
.9
.9

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
•6
.7
1.3
1.4
1.0
1.2
.8
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1942
1963

3.3
4.7
5.1
3.9
4.4
4.6

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.1
4.2
5.0
4*1
’
3.5
3.5
5.3
4.0
4.5
4.2
4.3

5.7
4.1
4.3
5.3
4.3

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

7.2
5.0
9.1
6.0
4.6
4.5

FEMALE SEPARATIONS 1ER 100 FEMALES
P
5.3
4.3
4.2
5.8
5.6
5.6
3.9
3.2
3.8
5.6
3.4

4.8
9.8
5.2
4.3
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.4
1.4
1.0
1.2
1.3




FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
•9
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.4
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.6
1.2

1.0

1.4
.9
1 .2

1.3

1.5
1.6

1.3
1.5
1.5

eo r-

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

r» o'

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

138

Y»ar

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

Jun*

July

August

Ssptombsr

October

November

Dccsmbtr

METAL CANS - SIC 341
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

51.4
53.4
51.8
56.5

49.4
53.0
51.5
47.4

48.8
51.8
50.2
48.2

48.5
50.8
50.0
50.3

49.1
48.7
49.3
51.7

49.6
49.8
49.8
52.9

50.0
51.9
53.2
56.6

51.8
55.1
54.0
59.9

54.7
57.4
56.0
65.3

55.4
58.3
55.7
65.1

53.1
56.0
52.9
61.1

52.7
54.2
50.1
59.2

53.3
53.3
48.3
60.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

57.8
55.4
55*.4
58.5
58.3

60.2
52.6
54.9
57.0
54.4

57.4
52.2
55.0
56.6
54.0

57.9
53.2
55.1
56.5
54.3

58.3
54.7
55.3
58.0
56.7

57.9
54.7
56.1
59.1
58.6

58.6
56.9
58.0
60.9
61.0

58.1
56.7
59.7
61.6
62.3

59.9
58.6
62.6
63.2
64.2

59.9
60.5
61.6
62.3
62.7

57.6
57.1
57.9
57.2
61.0

54.0
54.0
55.0
55.2
56.4

54.3
54.1
33.1
54.6
54.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

59.7
62.6
62.2
62.5
62.3

54.2
58.0
58.9
58.7
61.1

55.3
59.3
60.3
59.8
60.7

56.7
60.4
60.4
60.3
61.6

59.4
62.9
60.7
62.0
62.1

60.3
62.3
61.9
64.1
64.8

62.4
64.6
64.1
66.3
66.2

63.2
66.6
65.3
65.9
66.0

64.2
67.8
67.1
67.8
66.3

64.8
66.3
65.9
68.5
63.5

61.7
62.9
62.3
59.4
59.9

56.8
60.4
61.5
58.4
57.9

57.0
59.1
58.1
59.3
57.4

1961
1962
1963

59.9
61.3

56.6
57.5
58.1

57.2
58.5
58.8

58.4
59.3
60.2

59.8
61.2
62.0

61.1
62.6
63.0

61.8
64.8

62.8
65.3

63.5
65.1

62.6
65.0

59.8
60.7

58.1
57.7

57.3
57.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

12.4

13.2

15.6

15.v

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

16.3
13.9
15.5
15.9
13.5

15.3
14.4
15.3
15.4
13.9

15.2
15.3
16.1
15.8
14.8

14.3
15.1
15.2
14.1
14.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

13.1
14.0
14.4
14.2
14.2

14.2
13.5

14.3
13.9

14.4
15.2
14.8
14.6
13.9

14.8
14.3

15.0
14.3

14.9
15.7
15.1
14.7
14.0

14.7
14.0

15.2
13.9

14.7
15.3
14.5
13.7
13.0

13.5
12.6

13.8
12.5

13.0
13.1
12.8

13.1
13.2
12.9

13.0
13.7

13.0
13.4

13.1
13.3

13.0
13.6

12.7
12.9

12.4
12.2

12.5
12.3

14.4
13.7

1961
1962
1963

12.8
13.0

12.5
12.7
12.2

12.3
12.7
12.7

12.6
12.8
12.6

1947
1948
1949
1950

44.2
46.3
45.2
50.0

42.4
46.0
44.9
41.3

41.5
44.8
43.4
41.8

41.4
43.7
43.3
44.1

42.1
41.6
42.6
45.2

42.7
42.7
43.1
46.7

43.0
44.9
46.3
50.1

44.7
47.9
47.4
53.1

47.4
50.3
49.6
58.8

48.0
51.2
49.2
58.5

45.9
49.1
46.4
54.1

45.5
47.3
43.7
52.2

46.3
46.6
42.1
53.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

50.7
48.8
48.6
51.3
51.1

52.6
45.8
48.5
49.5
47.3

50.3
45.5
48.6
49.2
46.9

50.7
46.6
48.7
49.4
47.2

50.8
48.1
48.8
50.9
49.7

50.7
48.0
49.5
52.2
51.3

51.5
50.1
51.3
53.8
53.7

51.0
50.0
52.5
54.3
54.9

52.7
52.0
55.6
55.9
56.9

52.8
54.0
54.6
54.9
55.4

50.6
50.6
51.0
50.1
53.6

47.0
47.5
48.0
48.1
49.1

47.5
47.3
26.4
47.6
47.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

52.2
54.5
54.0
54.5
53.9

46.9
50.5
50.6
50.7
53.0

48.1
51.5
52.0
51.8
52.5

49.5
52.6
52.1
52.3
53.4

52.2
55.1
52.5
54.1
53.8

52.8
54.3
53.6
56.1
56.4

55.0
56.5
55.9
58.2
57.8

55.9
58.3
56.9
57.7
57.5

56.6
59.4
58.7
59.4
57.6

57.2
58.0
57.5
60.3
55.1

54.0
54.7
54.2
51.3
51.5

49.2
52.2
53.3
50.4
49.5

49.5
50.7
5C.2
51.3
49.0

1961
1962
1963

51.1
51.2

48.0
48.0
47.7

48.8
48.9
48.5

50.0
49.7
49.8

51.4
51.4
51.8

52.5
52.6
52.8

53.0
54.7

53.8
55.0

54.5
54.6

53.6
54.5

50.7
50.2

48.8
47.3

47.9
47.1

1934
1935

19.35
19.68

18.86
19.30

18.60
18.37

19.70
19.39

20.33
19.22

20.34
19.56

20.69
19.71

19.72
19.84

19.39
20.72

19.47
20.26

17.92
20.46

18.06
19.81

18.96
19.83

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

20.61
22.66
22.92
23.77
24.53

19.94
20.84
22.44
23.12
23.51

19.40
21.40
22.65
22.60
22.87

20.52
21.91
23.07
23.76
24.25

20.26
23.05
22.64
23.47
24.26

20.60
23.39
22.88
23.92
24.06

20.76
23.17
22.91
23.98
25.18

20.52
22.88
22.66
23.28
24.48

21.32
23.79
23.62
24.40
25.73

21.50
23.60
23.24
25.01
25.20

20.65
23.12
22.79
23.96
25.35

20.51
22.24
22.83
24.03
23.52

21.20
22.61
23.11
23.94
25.94

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

27.70
31.24
37.26
39.56
40.43

25.61
30.10
35.37
40.01
41.26

25.37
28.46
35.50
39.60
41.58

25.80
29.40
36.29
38.98
41.45

26.46
29.76
36.93
39.03
40.90

27.68
29.79
37.57
38.98
38.75

28.12
30.26
37.70
38.85
40.72

28.22
31.00
36.77
38.54
41.54

29.09
31.94
37.46
39.52
38.77

29.45
32.03
37.84
40.27
40.38

30.00
33.60
38.58
39.65
39.01

27.81
33.53
38.06
39.60
39.66

29.25
35.73
39.07
41.00
41.10

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




139

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November December

METAL CANS - SIC 3*1— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
19*6
19*7
19*8
19*9
1950

*2.61
*9.**
5*. 69
56.82
61.55

*1.13
*3.67
51.65
55.0*
57.39

38.67
*3.25
50.81
55.20
57.*3

*0.27
**.*8
*9.53
55.62
57.61

*1.86
**.93
*9.9*
5*.25
59.*0

39.23
*5.39
51.29
5*. 63
59.8*

*2.17
*7.12
53.63
56.26
61.59

*3.66
52.00
58.15
59.95
6*. 80

*5.83
53.85
57.86
61.79
68.15

*6.**
55.3*
61.*5
59.6*
6*. 56

**.66
5*.**
56.31
56.19
61.20

*2.60
52.28
55.36
53.75
59. *8

**.58
53.93
57.05
57.75
63.72

1951
1952
1953
195*
1955

67.07
69.89
76.31
81.97
86.73

63.71
66.99
7*.11
78.79
82.01

6*. 08
66.*2
73.98
82.7*
82.01

6*.80
67.98
73.80
80.3*
81.61

6*.*0
67.56
7*.39
79.95
83.03

65.**
67. *0
7*. 75
83.78
85.27

65.**
68.81
75.8*
8*.18
88.37

67.1*
70.81
79.37
83.16
90.67

70.19
72.67
80.35
8*.18
91.31

72.58
7*. 65
79.05
82.37
87.77

69.1*
70.30
75.89
81.00
90.09

66.91
72.0*
76.70
80.20
86.50

69.30
75.12
78.96
8*.25
90.30

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

93.26
97.70
105.25
113.21
11*.68

87.08
91.20
97.27
107.68
112.61

89.*2
93.02
99.23
108.62
107.98

91.1*
93.89
100.9*
107.9*
108.67

9*. 39
98.33
99.5*
109.*1
111.38

91.12
95.12
103.00
115.08
116.20

93.08
98.98
107.10
113.85
118.13

9*. 60
102.86
108.79
11*.5*
120.37

95.25
100.73
110.85
117.72
118.83

95.89
98.*1
108.63
127.50
116.06

95.79
97.0*
107.38
107.71
113.81

91.8*
99.23
108.9*
109.86
11*.62

96.22
102.26
107.27
111.99
11*.29

1961
1962
1963

121.80
126.30

116.16
120.36
122.29

116.00
121.95
120.88

115.02
122.5*
122.59

118.37
125.28
125.1*

120.96
127.02
128.65

126.73
131.67

128.19
133.15

128.19
131.50

122.80
133.11

122.18
123.26

121.8*
119.99

12*.7*
122.*8

193*
1935

•508
.506

.52*
.508

.521
.509

.509
.509

.516
.507

.511
•50*

.507
.*99

.503
•*96

.501
.*98

.*98
.50*

.*95
.509

.*99
•516

.507
.515

1936
1937
1938
1939
19*0

.51*
•568
.600
.608
.629

.518
.529
.600
•610
.617

.520
.531
.60*
.606
•618

.517
.537
•60*
•606
.625

.509
.558
•602
•608
.622

.510
i572
.599
.607
.620

.505
•568
.595
.601
•631

.508
*572
.587
•603
.626

.510
.576
.595
•60*
.637

.512
.590
.599
.613
•638

.515
.596
•603
•608
.637

.522
.593
.60*
.613
.639

•526
.595
.605
.617
.6*2

19*1
19*2
19*3
19**
19*5

.67*
.760
.8*1
•891
.921

.6*5
.720
•815
.889
.921

.6**
.715
.816
.88*
.920

.6*5
.726
•821
•882
.921

.6*7
.7**
•828
•889
.919

.659
.7*3
.833
•88*
*91*

.668
.7*9
•836
•881
.915

.672
.758
•830
•880
.913

.678
.766
.8*0
.886
.908

.693
.785
•868
.901
.92*

.716
.802
.363
•899
.931

.715
.806
.867
.900
.931

.710
•812
.878
.911
.93*

19*6
19*7
19*8
19*9
1950

1.052
1.203
1.33*
l.*03
l.*76

.937
1.100
1.266
1.376
l.*17

.950
1.109
1.267
1.380
l.*25

1.017
1.112
1.25*
1.387
l.*26

1.0**
1.126
1.258
1.38*
l.*56

1.0*9
1.132
1.279
1.383
1**56

1.057
1.175
1.308
1.379
l.*70

1.070
1.2**
1.378
l.*0*
1.507

1.086
1.270
1.381
1.6*7
1.528

1.111
1.275
1.616
1.***
1.698

1.100
1.28*
1.387
1.619
1.689

1.095
1.272
1.377
1.607
1.676

1.098
1.272
1.378
1.612
1.510

1951
1952
1953
195*
1955

1.62
1.68
1.83
1.98
2.07

1.55
1.65
1.79
1.96
2.03

1.59
1.6*
1.80
1.97
2.03

1.60
1.65
1.80
1.95
2.02

1.59
1.66
1.81
1.95
2.03

1.60
1.66
1.81
1.99
2.0*

1.60
1.65
1.81
1.99
2.06

1.61
1.67
1.85
1.98
2.07

1.6*
1.69
1.86
1.99
2.08

1.68
1.72
1.86
1.98
2.07

1.67
1.69
1.86
2.01
2.1*

1.6*
1.7*
1.88
2.01
2.12

1.65
1.78
1.88
2.03
2.15

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.21
2.36
2.53
2.67
2.77

2.15
2.28
2.*5
2.62
2.72

2.16
2.28
2.*5
2.63
2.72

2.17
2.29
2.*5
2.62
2.71

2.18
2.33
2.*7
2.63
2.73

2.18
2.32
2.50
2.67
2.76

2.19
2.3*
2.52
2.66
2.76

2.20
2.37
2.53
2.67
2.78

2.21
2.37
2.56
2.70
2.77

2.23
2.36
2.55
2.79
2.77

2.27
2.62
2.60
2.6*
2.81

2.2*
2.65
2.60
2.66
2.83

2.28
2.67
2.61
2.66
2.85

1961
1962
1963

2.90
3.00

2.8*
2.95
2.99

2.85
2.96
2.97

2.8*
2.96
2.99

2.88
2.99
3.03

2.88
3.01
3.02

2.90
3.02

2.92
3.0*

2.92
3.03

2.91
3.06

2.93
2.97

2.95
2.97

2.97
2.98

39.*
37.9

39.8
38.8

*0.8
39.5

39.2
*0.0

38.7
*1.6

39.1
*0.2

36.2
*0.2

36.2
38.*

37.*
36.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
193*
1935

38.1
38.9

36.0
38.0

35.7
36.1

38.7
38.1

1936
1937
1938
1939
19*0

*0.1
39.9
38.2
39.1
39.0

38.5
39.*
37.*
37.9
38.1

37.3
*0.3
37.5
37.3
37.0

39.7
*0.8
38.2
39.2
38.8

39.8
*1.3
37.6
38.6
39.0

*0.*
*0.9
38.2
39.*
38.8

*1.1
*0.8
38.5
39.9
39.9

*0.*
*0.0
38.6
38.6
39.1

*1.8
*1.3
39.7
*0.*
*0.6

*2.0
*0.0
38.8
*0.8
39.5

*0.1
38.8
37.8
39.*
39.8

39.3
37.5
37.8
39.2
36.8

*0.3
38.0
38.2
38.8
*0.6

19*1
19*2
19*3
19**
19*5

*1.1
*1.1
**.3
**.*
*3.9

39.7
*1.8
*3.*
*5.0
**.8

39.*
39.8
*3.5
**.8
*5.2

*0.0
*0.5
**.2
**.2
*5.0

*0.9
*0.0
**.6
*3.9
**.5

*2.0
*0.1
*5.1
**.l
*2.6

*2.1
*0.*
*5.1
**.l
**.5

*2.0
*0.9
**.3
*3.8
*5.5

*2.9
*1.7
**.6
**•6
*2.7

*2.5
*0.8
*3.6
**.7
*3.7

*1.9
*1.9
**.7
**.l
*1.9

38.9
*1.6
*3.9
*6.0
*2.6

*1.2
**•0
**.5
*5.0
**•0

19*6
19*7
19*8
19*9
1950

*0.5
*1.1
*1.0
*0.5
*1.7

*3.9
39.7
*0.8
*0.0
*0.5

*0.7
39.0
*0.1
*0.0
*0.3

39.6
*0.0
39.5
*0.1
*0.6

*0.1
39.9
39.7
39.2
*0.8

37.*
*0.1
*0.1
39.5
*1.1

39.9
*0.1
*1.0
*0.8
*1.9

*0.8
*1.8
*2.2
*2.7
*3.0

*2.2
*2.*
*1.9
*2.7
**.6

*1.8
*3.*
*3.*
*1.3
*3.1

*0.6
*2.*
*0.6
39.6
*1.1

38.9
*1.1
*0.2
38.2
*0.3

*0.6
*2.6
*1.6
*0.9
*2.2




140

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

METAL CANS - SIC 341— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.4
41.6
41.7
41.4
41.9

41.1
40.6
41.4
40.2
40.4

40.3
40.5
41.1
42.0
40.4

40.5
41.2
41.0
41.2
40.4

40.5
40.7
41.1
41.0
40.9

40.9
40.6
41.3
42.1
41.8

40.9
41.7
41.9
42.3
42.9

41.7
42.4
42.9
42.0
43.8

42.8
43.0
43.2
42.3
43.9

43.2
43.4
42.5
41.6
42.4

41.4
41.6
40.8
40.3
42.1

40.8
41.4
40.8
39.9
40.8

42.0
42.2
42.0
41.5
42.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.2
41.4
41.6
42.4
41.4

40.5
40.0
39.7
41.1
41.4

41.4
40.8
40.5
41.3
39.7

42.0
41.0
41.2
41.2
40.1

43.3
42.2
40.3
41.6
40.8

41.8
41.0
41.2
43.1
42.1

42.5
42.3
42.5
42.8
42.8

43.0
43.4
43.0
42.9
43.3

43.1
42.5
43.3
43.6
42.9

43.0
41.7
42.6
45.7
41.9

42.2
40.1
41.3
40.8
40.5

41.0
40.5
41.9
41.3
40.5

42.2
41.4
41.1
42.1
40.1

1961
1962
1963

42.0
42.1

40.9
40.8
40.9

40.7
41.2
40.7

40.5
41.4
41.0

41.1
41.9
41.3

42.0
42.2
42.6

43.7
43.6

43.9
43.8

43.9
43.4

42.2
43.5

41.7
41.5

41.3
40.4

42.0
41.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.4
2.8
3.2
3.5

2.1
2.4
3.1
2.3
2.5
2.7

2.4
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.9
2.5

2.2
2.2
2.3
2.1
3.0
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.0
6.7
6.0
5.8
6.2

6.4
7.4
6.0
6.3
7.1
8.7

6.6
5.7
6.0
5.8
4.2
5.1

5.3
6.3
6.0
6.7
6.5
6.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
2.7
2.1
1.7
2.2

1.3
1.6
1.7
.7
1.6
1.1

1.5
1.8
1.5
.8
1.1

1.3
1.7
1.2

1 .0

1 . 5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.6
6.7
6.4
6.3
6.6

4.8
4.7
4.5
5.9
5.1
5.1

3.1
3.8
5.3
4.4
4.4
5.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
1*4
1.1
.9
1.3

.6
•6
.7
•4
•5
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.0
4.4
4.4
4.6
4.5

3.8
3.7
3.1
4.8
3.7
4.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.9
2.5
2.3
2.8
3.4
3.1

3.4
3.7
3.4
4.2
4.7

4.3
4.6
3.6
4.4
4.3

3.7
6.9
3.3
4.0
4.9

3.1
2.5
2.5
3.0
2.8

2.9
2.6
2.1
2.8
2.5

2.3
2.6
2.2
3.0
2.4

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.4
5.9
9.1
7.0
7.9
6.8
7.7
6.8
7.1
7.4
6.5
7.5
6.5
5.4
7.5
5.9
6.8
7.4
6.9
6.1
6.6
5.8

7.4
6.0
6.0
5.3
6.5

5.8
7.5
4.5
4.2
6.0

4.6
6.1
4.0
4.4
5.0

3.6
6.5
5.0
4.9
5.7

4.1
5.3
5.4
7.2
6.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
4.1
2.1
4.2
3.6
4.2
3.6
3.5
3.4
2.0
2.7
3.2
3.6
4.0
3.3
1.9

4.9
3.9
3.9
3.5
3.4

2.6
4.2
1.7
1.5
3.0

1.9
1.3
•6
1.2
.8

.6
.7
.7
.5

.7
1.7
.8
.9
.9

6.7
4.2
4.9
4.3
3.7
4.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
5.0
3.4
3.8
3.4
3.6
4.3
4.3
4.0
4.4
6.3
4.3
4.6
4.1
5.0
4.2
3.7
5.0
4.5
4.7
3.9
4.8

7.0
6.1
6.3
8.0
7.0

10.7
11.7
12.0
11.6
12.7

10.4
20.3
9.8
9.5
13.9

11.3
8.4
8.0
8.8
8.0

8.4
5.3
6.6
7.0
6.8

.5
.5
•8
.3
.6
.4

.4
.7
•8
.5
.7
.6

QUITS PER 100 !EMPLOYEES
.6
.7
.9
1.0
1 .0
1.4
1.1
1.3
.9
1.0
1.3
1.1
.7
.6
.8
.8
•8
1.3
1.3
l . l
•6
.9

1.9
2.2
1.8
1.8
2.3

4.4
5.1
3.5
3.2
4.9

1.4
1.6
.8
.9
.8

.7
9
.4
.5
•4

.4
.7
.3
.5
.3

2.3
2.9
3.5
3.5
3.1
4.4

5.9
2.9
3.3
3.1
2.2
3.3

LAYOPPS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.2
3.7
1.9
2.3
1.6
1.6
2.3
2.0
2.5
4.2
2.2
2*2
3.5
2.5
2.7
3.4
2.5
3.0
2.7
2.1
3.1
2.5

4.3
2.8
3.5
3.3
3.7

5.6
5.5
7.5
7.2

8.4
17.1

7.7
3.9

6 .6

7.7
12.1

10.3
6.8
7.1
7.7
7.1

5.6
5.5

1 .0

1.5

2.6
3.5
3.0
3.0
3.5
3.3

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.2
2.0
1.8
2.3
2.4

3.2
3.4
3.1
3.6
4.0

8 . 3

1 .0

*

5 .7

CUTLERY, HAND tOOLS, AN& GENERAL HARDWARE - SIC 342
ALL EMPLOYEES

IN THOUSANDS

1947
1948
1949
1950

156*5
154.4
142.3
157.8

180.9
159.3
154.5
145.3

162.4
160.5
152.8
147.6

163.1
159.8
148.8
151.6

161.8
157.5
145.2
153.1

157.2
154.1
140.7
155.0

153.9
135.7
138.0
157.0

144.0
149.4
133.1
154.0

1501.8
151.3
135.2
157.8

152.6
154.3
137.4
164.4

155.1
155.7
140.2
167.6

153.8
156.8
139.1
169.6

157.3
158,7
142.9
170.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

162.8
150.0
160.0
144.6
154.1

170.5
154.8
161.6
151,3
148.6

170.7
154.1
164.1
152.5
151.5

169.0
151.5
165.9
148.2
153.9

168.0
151.6
164.9
145.2
154.3

166.6
149.6
166.1
144.4
154.8

165.0
147.2
165.4
142.2
153.9

159.6
138.4
159.6
136.3
149.7

161.6
140.2
160.0
139.1
150.0

158.1
147.5
155.6
139.3
152.9

156.6
151.4
152.8
142.5
157.0

154.4
154.8
151.0
145,8
161.1

153.9
159.0
152.7
148.5
161,8




141

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

Jl
uy

August

September

October

November

December

CUTLERY* HAND TOOLS* AND GENERAL HARDWARE - SIC 342— CONTINUED
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

149.2
144.0
124.9
135.2
134.9

158.9
152.5
138.3
136.5
142.3

156.2
150.4
131.8
136.0
142.0

155.0
148.2
127.3
136.7
140.0

154.0
144.6
120.1
135.6
136.2

147.8
142.9
117.3
136.2
134.6

143.3
140.7
119.9
136.8
134.2

137.4
136.1
115.9
133.3
128.8

140.1
137.8
118.3
134.7
130.2

143.6
139.8
124.7
138.3
132.4

148.2
144.3
113.0
131.5
133.8

152.0
145.9
135.5
125.5
132.6

153.3
144.6
136.7
141.4
131.1

1961
1962
1963

127.7
134.8

128.3
135.1
136.2

124.7
134.7
135.7

123.0
135.1
134.8

120.1
134.8
134.8

126.5
135.4
134.6

127.3
135.5

123.8
130.5

127.4
131.4

128.2
134.8

132.9
136.1

134.5
137.3

136.0
137.0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

40.7

43.5

43.4

47.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

48.4
44.0
48.6
45.4
43.4

47.9
43.4
50.8
42.7
45.7

45.2
39.4
49.2
39.3
43.7

44.0
44.1
47.4
41.6
47.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

47.7
44.1
39.9
40.6
42.3

40.5
42.1

40.7
41.7

45.0
41.2
34.1
40.3
40.0

40.6
39.4

40.9
39.1

39.8
39.2
33.1
39.6
37.1

40.4
37.8

42.2
38.3

44.6
42.6
32.9
39.3
39.0

36.6
38.7

42.2
38.0

34.3
39.6
40.0

36.9
40.0
39.9

37.5
40.2

36.0
38.0

37.5
38.5

37.6
40.2

39.6
40.4

39.9
40.6

39.9
40.5

40.3
39.5

1961
1962
1963

37.2
39.7

37.0
39.2
40.1

35.6
39.2
40.0

35.0
39.7
39.9

1947
1948
1949
1950

134.5
131.3
118.1
133.2

139.7
136.5
130.2
121.0

140.6
137.5
128.0
123.7

141.1
136.9
124.4
127.6

139*5
134.3
120.4
129.4

135.3
131.0
116.4
131.0

132.2
115.2
113.6
133.0

127.1
125.8
108.9
129.7

128.5
127.8
111.1
133.0

130.6
130.8
113.5
139.1

133.1
132.0
116.1
142.3

131.5
133.3
115.3
144.0

134.8
134.4
119.0
144.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

136.4
123.1
131.8
117.1
126.1

144.9
127.7
134.1
123.2
121.3

144.8
127.1
136.2
124.9
124.5

143.0
124.2
137.7
120.6
126.0

142.1
124.6
137.0
117.6
126.4

140.1
122.7
137.7
117.0
126.9

138.8
120.4
136.8
114.8
126.2

133.1
111.7
131.0
109.3
121^6

134.6
113.6
131.8
111.8
122.3

131.4
121*0
127.4
112.0
124.9

129.5
124.5
124.5
114.9
128.4

127.2
127.4
122.6
118.5
132.3

127.0
131.7
124.5
120.9
132.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

120.1
114.5
97.2
107.4
106.4

130.0
123.1
109.2
109.1
113.6

127.3
121.1
102.9
108.8
113.4

125.9
118.6
98.9
109.1
111.4

124.7
114.7
91.9
108.0
107.6

118.5
113.2
89.6
108.5
106.0

114.1
111.0
92.4
108.9
105.8

108.5
106.6
88.9
105.7
100.4

111.4
108.3
91.2
106.6
101.6

114.9
110.4
97.6
110.2
104.0

119.4
114.7
86.1
103.6
105.3

122.8
116.3
108.3
97.3
104.5

123.9
115.4
109.5
112.9
103.0

1961
1962
1963

99.8
106.2

100.3
106.5
107.0

96.7
106.2
106.5

95.3
106.6
105.9

92.4
106.2
105.9

98.9
106.8
105.6

99.6
106.9

95.8
101.9

99.2
102.5

100.4
106.0

105.1
107.5

106.4
108.6

107.6
108.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

48.50
52.58
53.16
59.16

46.94
52.04
54.84
55.79

46.59
51.21
53.81
56.43

46.98
51.00
53.75
57.05

47.21
51.33
52.23
57.01

48.45
50.74
52.85
55.81

48.95
51.65
52.28
58.76

47.96
51.35
52.69
57.75

47.92
53.22
51.74
59.18

49.45
53.23
53.51
61.05

50.02
54.71
51.76
63.04

50.27
54.66
52.75
62.14

51.46
56.04
55.13
65.08

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

64.48
66.83
71.80
71.96
77.04

63.69
65.57
72.50
70.98
76.96

64.57
65.35
72.41
71.20
77.75

64.68
64.71
72.41
69.87
77.19

64.68
64.48
72.58
70.45
73.35

64.37
65.21
72.83
72.14
76.04

65.21
65.45
73.08
70.49
72.62

63.71
63.20
71.17
70.13
75.74

63.86
64.40
70.24
72.54
77.08

64.27
67.82
70.07
72.90
77.49

64.43
69.47
70.47
73.49
80.45

64.53
71.32
70.76
74.26
79.65

65.63
72.93
72.16
76.36
80.26

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

79.37
83.02
82.92
89.10
92.63

77.36
81.00
80.47
87.82
96.46

76.95
81.41
80.26
88.04
90.74

76.38
81.61
80.26
88.88
91.43

76.38
80.60
79.07
88.26
89.89

76.19
82.21
80.47
88.91
92.92

76.80
82.41
82.50
90.39
92.23

76.61
81.59
81.30
88.48
92.23

77.78
83.02
83.58
89.10
93.15

82.39
87.57
84.19
90.54
92.97

84.44
86.71
82.21
88.51
93.73

83.01
86.90
87.23
86.43
93.43

86.10
81.35
90.83
95.68
91.73

1961
1962
1963

93.53
99*14

90.94
97.36
102.59

88.32
95.36
101.59

90.94
96.32
101.75

92.10
97.68
99.70

94.24
100.28
104.24

93.83
100.77

92.50
97.12

93.83
96.48

84.59
99.96

95.75
100.86

100.02
102.51

102.24
103.09

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.180
1.292
1.356
1.429

1.123
1.248
1.354
1.381

1.128
1.243
1.352
1.390

1.220
1.341
1.348
1.473

1.223
1.343
1.349
1.483

1.234
1.357
1.368
1.517

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




1.132
1.244
1.354
1.388

1.143
1.255
1.353
1.387

1.176
1.259
1.355
1.378

1.191
1.269
1.358
1.416

1.193
1.300
1.365
1.419

1.198
1.314
1.358
1.426

1.215
1.334
1.365
1.457

142

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
| Annual
| Avwogt

' January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

C U T L E R Y * H A N D T O O L S * AND GENERAL HARDWARE - SIC 3 4 2 — CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS—"-CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.55
1.63
1.73
1.79
1.87

1.52
1.58
1.71
1.77
1.85

1.53
1.59
1.72
1.78
1.86

1.54
1.59
1.72
1.76
1.86

1.54
1.60
1.72
1.77
1.82

1.54
1.61
1.73
1.79
1.85

1.56
1.62
1.74
1.78
1.82

1.55
1.60
1.74
1.78
1.87

1.55
1.61
1.73
1.80
1.88

1.56
1.65
1.73
1.80
1.89

1.56
1.67
1.74
1.81
1.92

1.57
1.69
1.73
1.82
1.91

1.57
1.70
1.76
1.84
1.92

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.95
2.06
2.11
2.20
2.31

1.91
2.02
2.09
2.19
2.33

1.90
2.02
2.09
2.19
2.28

1.90
2.03
2.09
2.20
2.28

1.90
2.01
2.07
2.19
2.27

1.90
2.04
2.09
2.19
2.30

1.92
2.05
2.11
2.21
2.30

1.92
2.05
2.09
2.19
2.30

1.93
2.06
2.10
2.20
2.30

1.99
2.11
2.11
2.23
2.33

2.02
2.12
2.04
2.18
2.32

2.01
2.13
2.17
2.15
2.33

2.05
2.07
2.21
2.30
2.34

1961
1962
1963

2.35
2.43

2.32
2.41
2.49

2.30
2.39
2.49

2.32
2.39
2.50

2.32
2.40
2.48

2.35
2.44
2.53

2.34
2.44

2.33
2.41

2.34
2.40

2.28
2.45

2.37
2.46

2.41
2.47

2.44
2.49

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.1
40.7
39.2
41.4

41.8
41.7
40.5
40.4

41.3
41.2
39.8
40.6

41.5
41.0
39.7
41.1

41.3
40.9
38.6
41.1

41.2
40.3
39.0
40.5

41.1
40.7
38.5
41.5

40.2
39.5
38.6
40*7

40.0
40.5
38.1
41.5

40.7
39.9
39.2
41.9

41.0
40.8
38.4
42.8

41.1
40.7
39.1
41.9

41.7
41.3
40.3
42.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.6
41.0
41.5
40.2
41.2

41.9
41.5
42.4
40.1
41.6

42.2
41.1
42.1
40.0
41.8

42.0
40.7
42.1
39.7
41.5

42.0
40.3
42.2
39.8
40.3

41.8
40.5
42.1
40.3
41.1

41.8
40.4
42.0
39.6
39.9

41.1
39.5
40.9
39.4
40.5

41.2
40.0
40.6
40.3
41.0

41.2
41.1
40.5
40.5
41.0

41.3
41.6
40.5
40.6
41.9

41.1
42.2
40.9
40.8
41.7

41.8
42.9
41.0
41.5
41.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.7
40.3
39.3
40.5
40.1

40.5
40.1
38.5
40.1
41.4

40.5
40.3
38.4
40.2
39.8

40.2
40.2
38.4
40.4
40.1

40.2
40.1
38*2
40.3
39.6

40.1
40.3
38.5
40.6
40.4

40.0
40.2
39.1
40.9
40.1

39.9
39.8
38.9
40.4
40.1

40.3
40.3
39.8
40.5
40.5

41.4
41.5
39.9
40.6
39.9

41.8
40.9
40.3
40.6
40.4

41.3
40.8
40.2
40.2
40.1

42.0
39.3
41.1
41.6
39.2

1961
1962
1963

39.8
40.8

39.2
40.4
41.2

38.4
39.9
40.8

39.2
40.3
40.7

39.7
40.7
40.2

40.1
41.1
41.2

40.1
41.3

39.7
40.3

40.1
40.2

37.1
40.8

40.4
41.0

41.5
41.5

41.9
41.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.3
2.0
1*9
1.6
2.3

1.9
2.1
2*3
2.0
2*1

1.6
2.3
2.1
2.5
2.6

2.1
2.4
2.1
2.3
2.4

1.8
2.0
2.1
2.9
3.1

2.6
3.0
1.7
3.4
3.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.3
3.9
4.1
3*5
3.7
3.7
3.1
2.9
2.2
3.3
2.3
3.8
5.2
3.3
4.4
3.1
3.4
3.1
3.0
2.7
2.6

7.1
6*1
6.4
4.2
4.3

6.6
4.3
4.0
4.3
4.0

4.8
2.8
3.2
5.0
3.8

2.9
8.0
2.3
2.8
2.4

2.6
7.9
1.8
1.9
1.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
1.0
1.0
1.8
2.2
1.7
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.3
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.7

1.7
2*3
1.8
3.1
2.2

2.1
2.6
1.7
2.8
2.5

2.9
1.9
1.6
3.2
2.6

1.9
2.1
1.1
2.0
1.6

1.2
1.6
.7
1.2
1.0

3.6
4.1
4.6
4.0
3.3
3.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.9
3.1
3.9
4.2
3.7
3.4
5.7
3.3
5.2
3.2
4.9
4.8
2.5
3.6
3.8
2.1
3.0
2.8
5.5
3.5
2.8
2.8

4.3
4.1
4.3
3.8
3.9

2.8
4.8
4.5
3.8
3.3

3.0
11.6
3.1
3.9
2.7

2.2
2.8
3.8
2.6
2.3

2.3
2.9
4.2
2.4
2.2

.6
.8
.9
.7

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.7
•6
.7
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
•8
•8
1.1
.8
.7
.7
.7
•8
1 .0
1 .0
1 .0
1.1
1.1
1.2

1 .0

1 .0

1.5
1.2
1.6
1.7

1.8
1.3
1.8
1.8

1.2
1.2
•8
1.3
1.2

.9
.9
.6

.6
.9
.5
•8
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.5

1.2
1.8
3.4
1.4
2.3
2.8

1.1
1.9
2.0
1.5
2.0
2.5

1.1
2.0
1.9
1.5
2.0
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.5
4.4
3.1
3.5
3.2

2.3
3.0
3.5
2.2
3.1
2.8

1.8
2.9
2.7
2.2
2.8
2.4

2.1
3.5
2.3
2.8
3.1
2.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.0
1.4
1.7
1.9

.9
1.6
2.0
•9
1.9
1.6

.8
1.7
1.7
.9
1.6
1.4

•8
2.0
1.3
1.0
1.9
1.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
4.6
4.1
3.6
3.3

5.6
5.0
2.9
6.5
3.2
3.5

4.8
4.1
4.2
4.7
3.3
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
1.1
.9
•9
1.1

•8
•8
1.0
.5
•8
.9

.7
•8
.9
.5
.7
.7




1.0
1.0

1.2
1.9
1.6
1.7
2.3
2.0

NEW HIRES
.9
2.0
1.1
1.2
1*6
1.7

1.2
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.7
3.0

1.4
2.4
2.0
1.7
2.9

1 .0
1 .0

143

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Year

Annual
January

February

Arl
pi

March

No«Mh

July

May

Dana*

CUTLERY* HAND TOOLS* AND GENERAL HARDWARE - SIC 342— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.9
2.7
2.0
1.2

4.3
3.5
1.4
5.5
1.3
1.4

3.8
2.7
2.8
3.8
1.5
1.3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.8
2.8
2.0
3.1
1.9
1.6
1.5
3.9
3.5
3.5
1.9
3.4
1.0
1.0
1.9
2.2
2.8
1.2
•8
1.3
1.0
1.2

2.6
2.8
3.1
2.9
1.3
1.7

2.9
1.9
2.4
1.4
1.1

1.3
2.4
2.6
1.3
1.0

1.2
9.8
1.8
1.0
.7

.9
1.3
2.7
.9
•8

1.3
1.4
3.2
1.0
.9

48.8
53.2
51.7
50.2
51.7

50.0
53.3
51.9
50.8
52.0

51.1
53.7
51.8
50.9
52.0

52.3
53.4
51.5
51.5
52.9

53.1
53.5
51.2
52.1
52.5

12.5
11.6
11-4
11.5

12.6
11.7
11.5
11.6

12.0
12.7
11.7
11.8
11.8

12.5
11.8
11.7
12.0

12.4
11.7
11.7
11.9

38.2
41.9
40.4
39.0
40.1

39.4
42.0
40.6
39.8
40.5

40.5
42.5
40.4
39.9
40.6

41.6
42.1
40.3
40.3
41.3

42.3
42.1
40.0
40.8
41.0

82.99
87.94
88.00
92.06
95.65

84.42
87.08
87.78
94.48
96.35

84.23
87.48
85.47
95.58
96.76

2.07
2.13
2.20
2.28
2.35

2.08
2.15
2.20
2.29
2.35

2.10
2.15
2.20
2.31
2.35

2-09
2.16
2.22
2.32
2.36

CUTLERY AND HAND TOOLS* INCLUDING SAWS - SIC 3421 .3*5
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

49.8
53.1
52.3
50.3
52.2

51.4
53.0
53.3
50.7
52.0
52.6

50.1
53.0
53.5
50.3
52.4
52.6

49.1
53.4
53.7
49.8
52.5
52.6

48.6
52.8
53.3
49.5
52.5
52.4

47.8
53.1
52.7
49.5
52.5
51.9

47.8
52.8
52.2
49.9
52.7

47.3
52.1
51.1
48.9
50.7

c m ai e
i
— t a i T u n ifl 1C AAflflC
FENALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

12.3
11.9
11.4
11.7

11.5
12.4
12.0
11.5
11.5
11.7

12.4
12.2
11.4
11.7
11.7

12.4
12.3
11.3
11.7
11.8

11.1
12.0
12.2
11.4
11.7
11.7

12.1
11.9
11.3
11.7
11.6

12.1
11.8
11.4
11.7

10.7
11.9
11.5
10.9
11.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
41.9
41.0
39.3
40.8

40.5
41.9
42.0
39.5
40.7
40.9

39.2
42.0
42.2
39.1
41.1
40.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

80.16
86.27
87.16
90.40
95.00

77.97
84.42
87.23
87.02
93.73
96.52

77.55
85.03
85.72
87.69
93.67
96.46

38.5
42.3
42.3
38.9
41.2
40.9

37.8
41.7
42.0
38.5
41.2
40.8

37.2
42.0
41.3
38.7
41.1
40.3

37.1
41.7
41.0
38.8
41.4

36.9
41.0
39.8
37.8
39.4

A
PRODUCTION-WORKER <VERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
78.56
85.65
87.85
88.31
94.42
96.87

78.76
85.65
85.28
89.82
95.71
95.51

78.31
86.07
88.04
90.23
95.88
97.68

79.34
86.69
88.22
89.55
96.35

79.17
85.65
86.76
88.43
94.07

79.95
85.44
86.55
89.04
94.54

82.18
85.84
86.68
91.66
95.18

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS — IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.05
2.13
2.19
2.26
2.34

2.02
2.10
2.17
2.22
2.32
2.36

2.03
2.11
2.17
2.22
2.33
2.37

2.03
2.12
2.18
2.23
2.32
2.38

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
40.5
39.8
40.0
40.6

38.6
40.2
40.2
39.2
40.4
40.9

38.2
40.3
39.5
39.5
40.2
40.7

38.7
40.4
40.3
39.6
40.7
40.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.8
2.2
2.2
2.6

1.6
3.1
2.7
2.0
2.7
2.4

1.4
2.7
2.6
1.8
2.8
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.1
1.6
1.5
2.0

.7
1.8
2.0
1.2
2.0
1.7

.7
2.0
1.9
1.0
2.0
1.4

2.03
2.12
2.17
2.24
2.34
2.37

2.05
2.12
2.19
2.25
2.35
2.40

2.05
2.13
2.20
2.25
2.35

2.03
2.12
2.18
2.25
2.34

2.05
2.12
2.18
2.26
2.34

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




38.8
40.4
39.3
40.1
40.9
40.3

39.0
40.4
39.8
39.3
40.2

39.0
40.3
39.7
39.4
40.4

39.7
40.3
39.4
40.2
40.5

39.9
40.9
40.0
40.2
40.7

40.2
40.5
39.9
40.9
41.0

40.3
40.5
38.5
41.2
41.0

1.9
3.1
2.3
2.0
2.7
2.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
2.9
2.5
2.3
2.9
2.5
2.3
3.1
1.8
2.6
2.1
2.1
1.7
1.7
2.4
2.4
3.1
2.4
2.2
2.2
2.0
2.2

3.9
3.4
2.8
2.8
2.9

3.6
3.4
2.8
2.5
3.1

3.9
2.5
1.9
3.0
3.4

2.8
2.3
1.7
2.7
2.3

2.2
1.9
1.5
1.7
1.7

•9
2.2
1.6
1.1
2.3
1.7

NEW HIRES
1.0
2.2
1.5
1.0
1.7
1.7

2.0
2.7
2.2
1.9
2.3

2.4
2.9
1.9
2.0
2.6

2.8
2.0
1.3
2.3
2.8

2.0
1.6
1.3
2.1
1.7

1.5
1.1
•9
1.3
1.2

38.2
40.6
40.2
40.1
40.8
40.7

38.7
40.7
40.1
39.8
41.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.7
2.5
2.0
1.6
1.9
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.1
1.6

144

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

CUTLERY AND HAND TOOLS* INCLUDING SAWS - SIC 3421*3*5— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
2.9
2.8
2.1
2.4

4.3
2.9
2.1
2.5
1.9
2.1

3.3
2.7
1.8
1.9
2.7
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.1
1.0
•8
1.0

.6
.9
.9
•6
•8
•8

•4
.8
.9
•6
.9
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.2
1.3
.9
.9

3.2
1.3
•8
1.4
•6
.7

2.5
1.2
.5
.9
1.4
.7

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
2.3
2.7
1.8
2.1
2.6
3.0
2.8
3.1
2.6
2.4
3.2
2.6
2.3
2*6
2.8
1.7
1.7
1.6
2.0
2.3
2.0
3.6
2.2
2.3
2.5
2.1
2.6

2.3
3.2
3.8
2.0
3.0

2.4
3.8
4.0
2.9
2.8

2.7
3.5
2.7
2.0
2.3

1.6
2.3
2.7
1.9
2.0

2.0
2.2
3.1
2.1
1.9

.5
.9
1.0
.7
1.0
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.6
.7
.7
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.1
.9
1.0
.9
1.2
.6
.7
.7
.7
1.1
.9
.9
1.2
.9
1.1

1.0
1.5
1.4
1.0
1.6

1.0
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.5

1.1
1.4
•8
.9
1.0

.6
•8
.7
.7
.9

.6
•8
.7
.7
•6

2.5
1.2
1.0
1.7
.8
.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.7
•8
1.0
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.1
.7
1.6
1.3
.9
1.1
•8
•6
.6
1.0
.5
.9
•6
2*1
1.2
1.0

1.0
1.2
1.9
.5
.9

.9
1.4
1.6
.9
.8

1.1
1.6
1.4
•6
.8

.6
1.2
1.6
•6
.6

1.0
1.0
2.2
.9
.9

69.5
81.5
78.5
77.2
79.7

74.7
85.0
80.5
77.4
82.8

61.9
77.8
82.0
82.0
84.1

83.2
72.1
81.1
83.0
84.4

83.6
87.9
79.9
83.9
84.5

27.9
26.2
26.1
27.0

29.6
26.6
26.1
28.6

20.9
26.6
27.3
27.8
28.6

24.1
26.9
28.2
28.6

29.8
26.3
28.2
28.6

53.0
64.7
61.2
60.2
62.4

58.2
68.2
63.4
60.6
65.5

45.6
61.1
64.9
65.2
66.9

66.7
55.2
64.2
66.1
67.3

67.2
70.8
63.0
66.8
67.4

HARDWARE* N.E.C. - SIC 3429
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

75.1
82.1
82.5
77.4
82.6

86.9
83.5
89.0
77.6
83.1
83.6

28.0
27.6
25.8
28.0

28.4
28.2
30.3
25.5
27.7
28.4

81.7
83.0
88.5
74.4
82.3
83.1

78.2
83.3
86.3
73.2
82.6
82.2

71.5
82.8
82.9
70.6
82*3
82.4

69.5
83.1
81.9
77.0
82.9
82.7

72.1
84.0
82.0
77.4
82.8

68.6
81.2
77.7
74.9
79.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

28.1
29.9
24.2
27.5
28.3

28.3
29.4
23.7
28.0
28.1

23.0
28.3
27.8
22.9
27.9
28.3

28.5
27.5
25.6
28.3
28.3

28.8
27.3
26.1
28.5

22.4
27.7
25.6
25.1
26.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

58.1
65.5
65.4
60.6
65.4

68.7
67.2
71.6
60.8
65.8
66.1

63.7
66.8
71.2
57.6
65.1
65.8

60.4
66.8
69.1
56.4
65.4
65.0

54.1
66.3
65.6
53.9
65.0
65.1

52.4
66.5
64.7
60.2
65.7
65.3

55.3
67.2
64.8
60.8
65.5

52.0
64.7
60.6
58.0
62.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

47.82
52.02
53.96
60.07

45.66
51.96
55.11
57.73

45.49
51.09
54.08
58.53

45.93
50.76
54.35
58.66

46.62
50.75
53.00
58.23

48.06
49.26
54.11
56.48

48.27
51.07
53.74
60.38

47.68
50.79
54.32
59.37

47.48
52.54
52.95
59.39

48.80
52.92
54.55
61.63

49.57
54.58
51.16
63.13

49.65
54.88
52.65
61.36

50.92
56.88
56.76
65.31

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

63.71
67.89
72.63
74.30
79.49

62.62
66.56
74.47
73.12
80.56

63.34
66.01
73.78
72.58
82.37

63.45
65.45
73.60
70.88
80.60

63.45
65.04
74.38
72.76
75.14

63.45
65.36
74.80
75.26
78.66

64.68
66.17
74.69
71.86
71.76

63.34
64 306
71.81
72.62
79.15

63.49
64.78
70.53
74.70
80.73

63.74
69.87
69.60
75.26
78.55

64.37
71.14
70.00
76.04
82.52

64.68
73.35
71.05
76.26
81.12

66.46
74.91
73.75
79.76
81.93

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

80.19
85.46
84.32
91.35
96.15

77.20
82.40
81.79
90.23
101.88

76.80
83.02
81.62
89.82
93.77

76.42
83.21
81.37
90.27
93.60

76.03
82.21
79.17
89.65
92.73

76.03
84.24
81.66
90.72
95.99

77.42
84.44
84.71
92.66
95.27

77.62
84.82
82.64
90.50
95.91

79.00
85.67
86.05
91.53
97.58

85.07
92.01
85.41
93.66
97.28

87.35
90.25
81.61
88.88
97.44

84.87
90.23
88.84
86.00
96.72

89.04
81.48
94.85
100.01
95.44

1961
1962
1963

95.28
101.59

93.06
100.04
106.40

88.36
96.71
104.45

92.58
97.20
105.01

94.01
99.06
102.26

96.64
102.84
108.32

96.72
103.75

95.20
99.38

96.63
97.84

79.80
102.91

98.25
103.82

103.07
106.59

106.42
107.17

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.175
1.294
1.380
1.451

1.111
1.249
1.371
1.415

1.115
1.240
1.369
1.424

1.215
1.351
1.368
1.489

1.214
1.355
1.371
1.493

1.227
1.374
1.398
1.533

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




1.123
1.238
1.369
1.417

1.137
1.247
1.373
1.410

1.175
1.247
1.384
1.398

1.186
1.261
1.385
1.448

1.189
1.309
1.400
1.448

1.196
1.320
1.386
1.445

1.211
1.350
1.388
1.478

145

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November December

HARDWARE* N.E.C. - SIC 3429— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.55
1.66
1.75
1.83
1.92

1.52
1.60
1.74
1.81
1.90

1.53
1.61
1.74
1.81
1.92

1.54
1.62
1.74
1.79
1.91

1.54
1.63
1.75
1.81
1.86

1.54
1.63
1.76
1.84
1.90

1.57
1.65
1.77
1.81
1.84

1.56
1.63
1.76
1.82
1.94

1.56
1.64
1.75
1.84
1.95

1.57
1.70
1.74
1.84
1.93

1.57
1.71
1.75
1.85
1.96

1.57
1.73
1.75
1.86
1.95

1.59
1.73
1.79
1.89
1.96

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.98
2.11
2.14
2.25
2.38

1.93
2.06
2.13
2.25
2.42

1.92
2.06
2.12
2.24
2.35

1.92
2.07
2.13
2.24
2.34

1.92
2.05
2.10
2.23
2.33

1.92
2.08
2.11
2.24
2.37

1.95
2.09
2.15
2.26
2.37

1.96
2.11
2.13
2.24
2.38

1.97
2.11
2.13
2.26
2.38

2.04
2.17
2.13
2.29
2.42

2.07
2.18
2.01
2.20
2.40

2.05
2.19
2.21
2.15
2.40

2.10
2.10
2.28
2.37
2.41

1961
1962
1963

2.40
2.49

2.38
2.47
2.57

2.35
2.43
2.56

2.38
2.43
2.58

2.38
2.44
2.55

2.41
2.49
2.61

2.40
2.50

2.38
2.46

2.38
2.44

2.28
2.51

2.42
2.52

2.46
2.55

2.51
2.57

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
40.7
40.2
39.1
41.4

41.1
41.6
40.2
40.8

40.8
41.2
39.5
41.1

40.9
41.0
39.7
41.4

41.0
40.7
38.6
41.3

40.9
39.5
39.1
40.4

40.7
40.5
38.8
41.7

40*1
38.8
38.8
41.0

39.7
39.8
38.2
41.1

40.3
39.2
39.3
41.7

40.8
40.4
37.4
42.4

40.9
40.5
38.4
41.1

41.5
41.4
40.6
42.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.1
40.9
41.5
40.6
41.4

41.2
41.6
42.8
40.4
42.4

41.4
41.0
42.4
40.1
42.9

41.2
40.4
42.3
39.6
42.2

41.2
39.9
42.5
40.2
40.4

41.2
40.1
42.5
40.9
41.4

41.2
40.1
42.2
39.7
39.0

40.6
39.3
40.8
39.9
40.8

40.7
39.5
40.3
40.6
41.4

40.6
41.1
40.0
40.9
40.7

41.0
41.6
40.0
41.1
42.1

41.2
42.4
40.6
41.0
41.6

41.8
43.3
41.2
42.2
41.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.5
40.5
39.4
40.6
40.4

40.0
40.0
38.4
40.1
42.1

40.0
40.3
38.5
40.1
39.9

39.8
40.2
38.2
40.3
40.0

39.6
40.1
37.7
40.2
39.8

39.6
40.5
38.7
40.5
40.5

39.7
40.4
39.4
41.0
40.2

39.6
40.2
38.8
40.4
40.3

40.1
40.6
40.4
40.5
41.0

41.7
42.4
40.1
40.9
40.2

42.2
41.4
40.6
40.4
40.6

41.4
41.2
40.2
40.0
40.3

42.4
38.8
41.6
42.2
39.6

1961
1962
1963

39.7
40.8

39.1
40.5
41.4

37.6
39.8
40.8

38.9
40.0
40.7

39.5
40.6
40.1

40.1
41.3
41.5

40.3
41.5

40.0
40.4

40.6
40.1

35.0
41.0

40.6
41.2

41.9
41.8

42.4
41.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
5.4
3.6
4.3
3.5

2.7
2.9
4.1
2.4
3.3
3.0

2.0
3.0
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.9

2.2
3.8
2.2
3.3
3.3
3.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2*2
4.5
5.1
3.9
4.5
4.1
3.4
2.4
3.0
2.4
4.1
5.3
5.6
7.4
3.8
4.1
3.7
3.0
3.5
3.2
2.8

9.3
7.9
8*8
5.1
5*3

8.6
4.9
4.8
5.5
4.5

5.6
3.0
4.0
6.2
4.1

3*0
12.3
2.7
2.8
2.5

2.8
11.5
2.0
2.1
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.9
1.2
1.9
1.8

1.1
1.5
2.0
.7
1.8
1.5

.8
1.5
1.6
.9
1.3
1.4

.8
1.8
1.0
1.0
1.6
1.5

100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
•8
2.0
1.5
.9
.9
1*9
1.9
1.7
1.6

1.5
2.1
1*5
3.8
2.2

1.9
2.3
1.5
3.3
2.4

3.1
1.9
1.8
3.8
2*5

1.8
2.4
.9
2.0
1.6

1.0
1.9
•6
1.2
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.4
5.7
5.0
4.6
3.8

6.4
6.3
3.4
9.0
3.9
4.4

5.8
4*9
5.6
6.5
3.6
3.3

3.8
5.1
5.9
4.8
4.0
4.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
3.3
5.3
5i7
4.0
3.7
7.7
3.7
6*4
3*6
6.3
6.4
2.4
2.9
4.6
5*2
3.6
3.1
4*2
6.7
2.9
3.0

5.8
4.6
4.7
4.9
4.5

3.1
5.4
4.8
4.4
3.7

3.2
17.1
3.4
5.0
3.0

2.6
3*1
4.5
3.1
2.5

2.5
3.3
4.9
2*6
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.8
1.1
•8
1.0
1.1

•9
.8
1.1
.5
.8
1.1

•8

•8
.9
.4
.7
.7

.7
.8
•8
•6
1.0
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
*7
.7
•6
.5
1.1
1.2
1*2
1.1
1.0
*8
.7
.8
.8
•8
•8
.9
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.3

1*1
1.5
1.1
2.0
1.7

1.0
1.8
1.0
2.0
2.0

1.2
1.1
•8
1.5
1.2

1.0
.9
.5
1*2
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
4.0
3.6
2.7
1.5

4.9
5.0
1*8
8.1
1.8
1.8

4.5
3.7
4*1
5.7
1.6
1*6

2.6
3.8
4.5
3.7
1.7
2.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3*6
4.2
2.1
4*6
2.3
1*8
1.8
5.9
4.8
2.3
5.0
5.1
1.2
3.3
1.2
2.4
1.6
•8
3.2
1.8
1.2
i.i

4.2
2.3
2*8
1*9
1*2

1.6
3.0
3.2
1.5
1*1

1.3
15.4
2.1
1*3
.7

1.0
1.4
3.5
1.1
.9




HIRES

•8
1.8
•8
1.3
1.6
1.8

PER

.7
1.9
•9
1.4
2*0
1.8

so ru 0*

NEW

o

1947
1948
1949
1950

•6
1*0

.4
.9
.5

1.6
1*6
3.8
1.1
1.0

146

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

11

J~ « r

«»«»,

March

April

May

Jupu

July

August

Suptumbur

October

Nevumbur

Ducumbur

HEATING EQUIPMENT AND PLUMBING FIXTURES — SIC 343
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

77-7
80.7
77.5
73.2
74.9

77.7
75.5
79.4
72.1
73.5
73.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

„
9.8
9.4
9.0
9.1

9.7
9.4
9.8
8.8
9.0
9.1

9.8
9.7
8.7
9.2
9.0

10.0
9.5
8.7
9.2
9.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

58.4
60.9
57.9
54.0
55.6

58.0
55.8
59.3
52.8
54.1
54.6

58.2
59.3
59.8
51.3
54.6
55.7

59.3
60.3
59.2
52.4
54.7
55.8

77.7
79.0
79.3
70.4
74.1
74.5

78.8
80.0
78.8
71.4
74.4
74.3

78.3
79.9
78*4
71.0
74.4
74.8

75.8
80.8
78.4
72.7
74.4
75.9

76.0
82.0
78.9
73.7
74.8

75.3
80.8
77.7
73.2
74.5

78.1
83.2
78.0
75.4
76.4

79.6
83.5
77.3
74.8
76.1

80.2
83.2
76.7
74.9
76.4

79.4
81.2
74.8
74.7
75.3

75.8
78.8
72.7
74.4
74.4

9.8
9.5
9.1
9.1

10.0
9.4
9.1
9.1

9.5
10.0
9.2
9.2
9.2

9.8
9.1
9.1
9.2

9.4
9.0
9.0
9.1

58.8
63.3
58.3
56.0
57.0

60.3
63.6
57.6
55.7
57.0

60.9
63.3
57.0
55.5
57.3

59.9
61.7
55.2
55.5
56.3

56.2
59.1
53.3
55.0
55.4

91.17
91.60
92.28
97.20
101.34

91.84
93.50
92.59
97.77
101.09

89.02
90.71
90.48
96.96
99.20

90.54
92.34
90.92
96.47
98.60

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
9.6
10.0
9.4
8.8
9.2
9.3

9.9
9.6
8.9
9.1
9.1

9.8
9.4
9.0
9.1

8.8
9.6
9.3
9.0
8.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
•
59.0
60.2
58.9
51.7
54.8
55.9

56.7
61.3
58.7
53.4
54.9
56.8

56.8
62.3
59.3
54.2
55.5

56.1
61.0
57.8
54.0
55.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

87.52
91.43
91.03
94.95
98.55

86.29
89.42
90.48
92.02
94.18
98.95

85.19
90.40
90.17
91.87
95.40
98.95

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.21
2.28
2.34
2*41
2.47

2.19
2.23
2.32
2.39
2.44
2.48

2.19
2.26
2.33
2.38
2.44
2.48

85.41
90.80
90.64
90.82
96.62
98.60

84.10
91.25
88.70
93.21
96.14
97.86

83.93
92.34
91.73
94.71
97.42
100.15

87.12
92.52
92.36
95.76
101.18

85.41
91.20
91.89
94.64
99.05

87.34
92.29
92.83
96.40
100.94

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.19
2.27
2.33
2.39
2.44
2.49

2.19
2.27
2.31
2.39
2.44
2.49

2.18
2.28
2.34
2.41
2.46
2.51

2.20
2.29
2.35
2.40
2.48

2.19
2.28
2.35
2.39
2.47

2.20
2.29
2.35
2.41
2.48

2.24
2.29
2.36
2.43
2.49

2.24
2.32
2.35
2.42
2.49

2.22
2.32
2.35
2.43
2.48

2.23
2.32
2.38
2.43
2.49

39.7
40.3
39.5
40.0
40.7

40.7
40.0
39.1
40.0
40.7

41.0
40.3
39.4
40.4
40.6

40.1
39.1
38.5
39.9
40.0

40.6
39.8
38.2
39.7
39.6

PRODUCTION?-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.6
40.1
38.9
39.4
39.9

39.4
40.1
39.0
38.5
38.6
39.9

38.9
40.0
38.7
38.6
39.1
39.9

39.0
40.0
38.9
38.0
39.6
39.6

38.4
40.2
38.4
39.0
39.4
39.3

38.5
40.5
39.2
39.3
39.6
39.9

39.6
40.4
39.3
39.9
40.8

39.0
40.0
39.1
39.6
40.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
2.1
1.4
1.5
1.9

1.4
1.9
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.9

1.3
2.0
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.8

.9
2.0
1.3
1.0
1.4
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.7
2.7
3.4
3.1

2.9
4.0
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.8

3.6
3.8
3.1
6.1
2.8
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.6
1.6
1.6
2.1

1.2
2.6
1.6
1.1
1.7
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.7
3.6
3.4
3.3

3.3
3.2
3.5
7.6
3.4
3.1




.9
1.9
1.0
1.0
1.4
1.3

1.4
2.0
1.4
1.7
1.9

1.8
2.4
1.7
1.9
2.2

2.3
2.3
1.8
1.8
2.5

2.7
2.5
1.6
2.1
2.5

1.8
1.9
1.3
1.6
1.9

2.3
1.7
1.4
1.5
2.1

3.2
3.8
2.4
2.6
3.3
3.3

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
2.4
3.5
3.0
4.0
4.7
3.7
4.2
2.9
2.6
3.8
2.7
3.4
3.7
3.8
3.7
4.3
3.3
3.3
3.0
3.9
4.0

4.6
4.0
3.1
3.6
3.9

4.1
3.9
2.9
3.5
3.2

2.9
2.8
2.9
2.8
3.0

2.5
3.2
1.7
2.2
2.2

2.3
2.3
1.4
1.8
1.8

1.4
2.6
1.9
•9
1.8
2.0

1.5
2.7
1.8
.9
2.0
2.1

NEW HIRES
1.1
3.3
1.8
1.5
1.9
2.4

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
2.4
2.0
3.0
3.1
3.7
1.9
1.8
2.5
2.3
2.4
1.4
2.3
2.2
3.2
2.8

2.5
3.2
1.8
2.6
2.6

3.1
3.1
1.7
2.3
2.4

2.0
2.1
1.2
2.1
2.2

1.5
1.2
.9
1.4
1.5

1.4
.9
.6
•8
1.1

2.8
2.7
3.7
3.7
2.7
2.8

2.3
2.6
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.4

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.7
4.4
4.5
2.3
3.5
3.2
3.2
3.6
2.5
2.9
4.0
3.0
2.4
2.7
2.7
2.1
3.1
3.3
3.3
2.5
3.2
3.4

3.3
4.1
4.8
3.6
3.9

3.4
4.4
3.9
3.8
3.9

3.7
4.6
4.1
3.5
2.9

2.9
6.2
4.1
3.1
3.9

2.3
3.0
3.7
2.9
3.0

1.0
2.1
1.4
1.3
1.5
2.0

1.5
2.3
1.6
1.5
2.2

147

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

October

HEATING EQUIPMENT AND PLUMBING FIXTURES - SIC 343— CONTINUED
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•9
1.4
1.0

.9
1.1

1.8
1.6
2.1
2.0
1.6

1.3
1.9
1.3
1.3
1.5

1.9
2.3
1.5
1.8
1.9

1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
.9
.8
.8
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.7
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.0
•6
.9
•8
.9
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.2

1.2
.8
1.5
1.9
1.6
1.8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
1.3
3.2
3.1
.8
.9
.8
1.0
2.3
.9
1.3
1.3
1.2
.9
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.4
.8
1.5
1.5

1.5
1.3
2*9
1.7
1.6

1.0

32.0

•8
1.1
.9
.6
.8
.8

.6
1.1
.9
.5
•8
.7

1.1
.9
.6
1.1

2.1
1.4
2.0
6.5
1.9
1.3

1.7
1.1
2.2
2.7
1.3
1.4

.6

1.0

.7
•8
•6
.7
•8

•6
.7
•4
•6
•5

1.3
2.0
1.2
1.5

2.3
2.5
2.8
1.7
1.2

1.8
4.9
2.8
1.8
2.6

1.3
1.9
2.9
1.8
2.0

32.2
34.6
32.2
31.6

32.5
34.3
32.4
31.8
32.7

32.5
33.6
31.4
32.0
32.3

29.7
32.2
31.5
32.1
32.5

4.5
4.8
4.3
4.5
4.4

4.6
4.3
4.4
4.4

4.2
4.3
4.4
4.4

26.8
28.1
26.2
25.5
26.7

26.6
27.6
25.4
25.8
26.3

23.7
26.2
25.4
25.9
26.5

1.0

1.3
.9
1.1

SANITARY WARE AND PLUMBERS* BRASS GOODS - SIC 3431*2
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

32.4
33.5
32.6
31.3
32.2

33.5
30.0
33.6
31.2
31.8
32.2

4.7
4.5
4.3
4.4

4.7
4.4
4.6
4.2
4.4

33.9
33.2
33.9
29.3
32.1
32.5

34.2
33.5
33.4
30.6
32.1
32.8

34.2
34.0
33b 1
30.4
32.0
33.0

32.2
34.4
32.7
31.2
31.9
33.5

31.5
34.2
32.6
31.8
31.8

30.8
33.4
32.0
31.8
31.7

34.3
32«s2

32,3
32*7

32.4

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.4

4.8
4.7
4.0
4.5
4.3

4.8
4.9
4.5
4.2

4.9
4.5
4.1
4.4
4.4

4.4

4.6

4.8
4.6
4.3
4.3
4.5

4.7
4.5
4.3
4.4

4.0
4.5
4.4
4b4
4.2

4.7
4.6
4.4
4.3

4.a
4bS
4.4
4.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

26.7
27.4
26.5
25.2
26.0

27.7
24.0
27.4
25.2
25.6
26.2

28.2
27.2
27.9
23.4
25.9
26.5

28.4
27.5
27.3
24.7
25.7
26.7

1935

21.88

21.15

21.39

21.71

21.79

21.36

21.06

20.74

22.21

22.83

23.47

22.17

23.09

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

23.65
26.21
23.50
27.20
28.19

21.39
24.99
22.64
25.31
27.01

23.06
24.90
21.75
26.38
27.08

23.94
27.93
22.29
25.69
27.17

22.77
27.11
22.87
26.40
27.79

24.24
27.04
24.63
27.30
27.90

24.23
27.53
23.87
27.22
27.64

21.49
25.99
22.85
26.04
27.59

23.43
27.48
23.52
27.98
28.83

23.17
25.75
24.38
27.67
28.63

25.49
27.32
25.48
29.79
29.27

23.98
23.70
22.50
28.60
29.31

26.33
23.21
25.24
28.31
30.14

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

31.69
37.84
46.36
49.64
48.70

28.70
32.01
43.90
47.35
51.95

29.84
34.78
43.95
48.96
52.52

30.59
35.06
45.46
49.53
52.42

29.90
34.99
45.94
49.18
52.48

31.41
35.79
46.18
49.43
51.55

31.75
37.79
47.29
50.41
50.04

30.53
37.45
46.38
48.88
49.64

31.93
40.27
46.65
49.98
44.10

32.66
39.15
45.65
49.74
43.97

34.96
41.86
48.30
50.57
44.22

33.09
42.23
48.79
50.06
45.17

34.44
42.97
48.02
51.24
46.31

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

47.47
53.32
58.15
57.53
65.13

45.88
51.07
54.67
56.10
59.91

45.56
50.57
57.00
56.25
61.14

46.28
51.81
57.02
56.85
61.46

46.78
51.89
56.68
54.41
61.51

46.25
51.57
57.27
55.35
61.51

46.27
52.83
56.54
53.78
62.83

45.94
52.89
58.25
56.39
64.92

47.83
50.05
58.10
56.99
64.99

47.40
54.08
55.75
57.87
68.51

50.59
56.07
62.39
61.36
69.72

49.82
58.28
61.57
62.13
70.13

51.17
59.40
61.69
62.75
71.39

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

72.63
70.67
72.71
74.28
79.20

71.57
70.58
72.44
71.80
77.41

72.76
70.75
73.75
71.80
77.02

74.12
70.98
73.78
73.12
77.81

73.78
65.14
74.40
69.75
77.60

72.91
68.82
73.23
72.74
78.38

73.53
68.25
71.34
74.82
78.60

71.23
67.38
71.19
72.89
74.67

68.34
70.84
71.76
76.38
76.64

72.75
72.14
69.75
73.52
81.81

72.57
72.72
73.49
76.59
83.64

69.87
73.31
73.12
78.36
82.62

72.75
75.58
72.74
77.99
84.04

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

79.72
83.03
87.98
94.00
91.15

81.39
80.43
86.97
91.48
90.86

81.00
81.27
86.46
93.90
91.72

80.13
80.22
85.19
95.06
90.01

80.94
81.20
84.22
95.00
90.15

79.75
81.20
83.69
95.88
92.34

77.11
82*60
88.26
94.24
91.78

77.63
82.18
86.30
92.10
92.64

79.36
84.93
87.64
94.16
92.49

81.14
85.14
91.83
93. 53
91.68

80.70
84.28
91.43
95.60
91.30

78.42
86.63
91.88
92.30
90.44

79.87
86.63
93.94
94.80
90.38

1961
1962
1963

95.11
98.95

91.44
94.18
100.65

90.72
95.80
101.15

90.62
97.02
100.30

92.79
96.92
99.29

95.35
97.66
101.45

96.80
102.00

95.52
100.69

97.20
102.91

98.33
102.91

97.20
100.50

97.27
99.50

97.02
99.15

28.4
28.1
26.9
24.3
25.7
27.1

26.5
28.4
26.5
25.0
25.7
27.4

25.8
28.1
26.5
25.6
25.8

25.1
27.2
25.8
25.8
25b5

26.3
28.1
26.1
26.1
26.5

26.4
28.4
26.0
25.5
26.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

146

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

SANITARY WARE ANO PLUMBERS* BRASS GOODS — SIC 3431#2— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1935

•564

•558

•563

•564

•566

•568

.563

.559

.558

.568

.567

.567

.570

1936
1937
1936
1939
1940

•581
•652
.683
.692
•710

.569
.595
•680
•684
•689

.575
.603
•686
.687
.698

•584
.622
•688
.687
.702

.578
.635
•691
.691
.709

•584
.647
•688
.693
.708

.577
•654
.678
.689
.707

.564
•658
.672
.687
.711

.577
.672
.674
•696
.710

.585
.674
.679
.690
.714

.590
.678
•685
.701
.714

.592
.683
•684
.701
.722

.593
.695
•686
.699
.728

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.771
•880
.974
1.063
1.087

.721
•825
.938
1.016
1.096

.735
•840
.937
1.033
1.101

.739
.853
.951
1.045
1.113

.740
.864
.957
1.053
1.119

.755
.873
.960
1.063
14 123

.767
w .881
.973
1.084
1.107

.767
.873
.991
1.065
1.103

.777
.901
.980
1.068
1.081

.789
.902
.986
1.086
1.037

•815
.912
1.002
1.076
1.038

.817
.916
1.008
1.072
1.053

.822
.924
1.011
1.088
1.067

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.155
1.323
1.450
1.506
1.577

1.072
1.264
1.384
1.496
1.509

1.072
1.261
1.404
1.508
1.521

1.094
1.273
1.401
1.512
1.525

1.106
1.275
1.410
1.503
1.534

1.128
1.286
1.414
1.500
1.534

1.151
1.324
1.417
1.494
1.540

1.169
1.339
1.460
14484
1.568

1.181
1.331
1.449
1.492
1.566

1.197
1.352
1.471
1.511
1.612

1.219
1.361
1.533
1.515
1.629

1.227
1.401
1.524
1.519
1.658

1.245
1.411
1.512
1.523
1.668

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.75
1.78
1.85
1.89
1.98

1.70
1.76
1.82
1.86
1.94

1.72
1.76
1.83
1.86
1.94

1.74
1.77
1.84
1.87
1.95

1.74
1.77
1.86
1.86
1.94

1.74
1.76
1.84
1.87
1.94

1.73
1.75
1.82
1.88
1.96

1.75
1.75
1.83
1.85
1.90

1.73
1.78
1.84
1.90
1.95

1.77
1.79
1.86
1.89
2.01

1.77
1.80
1.87
1.91
2.05

1.76
1.81
1.87
1.93
2.05

1.77
1.83
1.87
1.94
2.07

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.06
2.14
2.25
2.35
2.38

2.05
2.10
2.23
2.27
2.36

2.03
2.10
2.24
2.33
2.37

2.06
2.10
2.23
2.33
2.35

2.07
2.12
2.24
2.34
2.36

2.05
2.12
2.22
2.35
2.38

2.04
2.14
2.24
2.35
2.39

2.07
2.14
2.23
2.32
2.40

2.04
2.15
2.23
2.36
2.39

2.07
2.15
2.29
2.35
2.40

2.08
2.15
2.28
2.39
2.39

2.08
2.21
2.28
2.41
2.38

2.08
2.21
2.28
2.40
2.41

1961
1962
1963

2.42
2.48

2.40
2.44
2.51

2.40
2.45
2.51

2.41
2.45
2.52

2.41
2.46
2.52

2.42
2.46
2.53

2.42
2.50

2.40
2.48

2.43
2.51

2.44
2.51

2.43
2.50

2.45
2.50

2.45
2.51

1935

38.8

37.9

38.0

38.5

38.5

37.6

37.4

37.1

39.8

40.2

41.4

39.1

40.5

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

40.7
40.2
34.4
39.3
39.7

37.6
42.0
33.3
37.0
39.2

40.1
41.3
31.7
38.4
38.8

41.0
44.9
32.4
37.4
38.7

39.4
42.7
33.1
38.2
39.2

41.5
41.8
35.8
39.4
39.4

42.0
42.1
35.2
39.5
39.1

38.1
39.5
34.0
37.9
38.8

40.6
40.9
34.9
40.2
40^6

39.6
38.2
35.9
40.1
40.1

43.2
40.3
37.2
42.5
41.0

40.5
34.7
32.9
40.8
40.6

44.4
33.4
36.8
40.5
41.4

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

41.1
43.0
47.6
46.7
44.8

39.8
38.8
46.8
46.6
47.4

40.6
41.4
46.9
47.4
47.7

41.4
41.1
47.8
47.4
47.1

40.4
40.5
48.0
46.7
46.9

41.6
41.0
48.1
46.5
45.9

41.4
42.9
48.6
46.5
45.2

39.8
42.9
46.8
45.9
45.0

41.1
44.7
47.6
46.8
40.8

41.4
43.4
46.3
45.8
42.4

42.9
45.9
48.2
47.0
42.6

40.5
46.1
48.4
46.7
42.9

41.9
46.5
47.5
47.1
43.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.1
40.3
40.1
38.2
41.3

42.8
40.4
39.5
37.5
39.7

42.5
40.1
40.6
37.3
40.2

42.3
40.7
40.7
37.6
40.3

42.3
40.7
40.2
36.2
40.1

41.0
40.1
40.5
36.9
40.1

40.2
39.9
39.9
36.0
40.8

39.3
39.5
39.9
38.0
41.4

40.5
37.6
40.1
38.2
41.5

39.6
40.0
37.9
38.3
42.5

41.5
41.2
40.7
40.5
42.8

40.6
41.6
40.4
40.9
42.3

41.1
42.1
40.8
41.2
42.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.5
39.7
39.3
39.3
40.0

42.1
40.1
39.8
38.6
39.9

42.3
40.2
40.3
38.6
39.7

42.6
40.1
40.1
39.1
39.9

42.4
36.8
40.0
37.5
40.0

41.9
39.1
39.8
38.9
40.4

42.5
39.0
39.2
39.8
40.1

40.7
38.5
38.9
39.4
39.3

39.5
39.8
39.0
40.2
39.3

41.1
40.3
37.5
38.9
40.7

41.0
40.4
39.3
40.1
40.8

39.7
40.5
39.1
40.6
40.3

41.1
41.3
38.9
40.2
40.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

38.7
38.8
39.1
40.0
38.3

39.7
38.3
39.0
40.3
38.5

39.9
38.7
38.6
40.3
38.7

38.9
38.2
38.2
40.8
38.3

39.1
38.3
37.6
40.6
38.2

38.9
38.3
37.7
40.8
38.8

37.8
38.6
39.4
40.1
38.4

37.5
38.4
38.7
39.7
38.6

38.9
39.5
39.3
39.9
38.7

39.2
39.6
40.1
39.8
38.2

38.8
39.2
40.1
40.0
38.2

37.7
39.2
40.3
38.3
38.0

38.4
39.2
41.2
39.5
37.5

1961
1962
1963

39.3
39.9

38.1
38.6
40.1

37.8
39.1
40.3

37.6
39.6
39.8

38.5
39.4
39.4

39.4
39.7
40.1

40.0
40.8

39.8
40.6

40.0
41.0

40.3
41.0

40.0
40.2

39.7
39.8

39.6
39.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
3.4
2.3
3.7
2.7

3.3
4.7
3.2
2.7
2.8
3.0

4.3
4.0
2.6
10.6
2.4
3.2

2.8
3.9
1.8
2.6
2.6
3.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
1.5
2.4
2.4
4.3
3.5
3.8
3.0
2.5
1.5
2.0
2.1
4.1
4.5
3.8
3.6
3.0
2.5
3.8
1.9
3.3
3.5

5.4
3.8
3.1
3.5
3.9

3.2
3*4
2.8
2.6
2.8

2.9
2.3
3.0
2.4
3.0

2.8
1.9
1.4
1.9
2.2

2.5
1.6
1.0
1.7
1.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




149

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

SANITARY WARE AND PLUMBERS* BRASS GOODS - SIC 3431,2— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
1.5
1.4
2.5
2.8
2.2
.9
1.3
1.2
1.6
2.4
2.3
1.5
1.7
2.5
2.3

1.6
2.5
1.3
2*4
2.0

1.9
2.4
1.0
1.9
1.9

1.8
1.3
•8
1.8
2.0

1.6
1.2
.4
1.4
1.5

1.6
.9
.3
1.0
1.3

1.8
2.7
2.7
3.6
3.2
2.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.6
2.5
2.9
6.0
3.6
3.6
4.2
3.4
4.4
2.6
2.8
2.0
2.0
1.6
2.5
2.3
2.8
3.5
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.6

3.6
3.7
4.4
3.2
3.4

2.6
4.0
3.1
3.3
3.4

4.1
5.0
3.6
2.5
2.4

2.0
3.0
3.4
2.8
2.1

1.2
2.0
2.1
2.2
1.7

.5
1.1
•8
.4
.7
•6

.6
1.1
.8
.5
1.0
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
•6
.7
.5
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.4
•8
.8
.9
1.0
.9
.5
.7
.7
.9
1.0
1.2
.9
.9
1.1

.9
1.7
l.l
1.1
1.1

1.3
2.0
1.3
1.5
1.3

•8
1.2
.9
•8
.9

.4
.7
.6
.7
.7

.6
.7
.3
.5
.5

2.0
1.2
2.1
3.5
1.0
1.0

.6
•8
1.4
2.6
1.7
1.1

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.7
5.6
1.5
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
3.0
1.5
.6
1.1
.4
1.3
.8
1.1
1.9
1.3
.9
.8
.6
.9

2.3
1.3
2.6
1.6
1^7

1.0
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.7

2.8
3.0
2.3
1.0
.8

1.2
1.7
1.8
1.4
1.0

•3
.9
1.4
1.3
.9

46.1
48.9
45.8
43.1
43.7

47.4
48.9
45.1
43.2
43.7

47.7
48.9
44.3
43.1
43.7

46.9
47.6
43.4
42.7
43.0

46.1
46.6
41.2
42.3
41.9

5.1
4.9
4.7
4.8

5.2
4.9
4.7
4.8

5.0
5.2
4.9
4.7
4.8

5.2
4.8
4.7
4.8

5.2
4.7
4.6
4.7

32.5
35.2
32.2
29.9
30.5

33.9
35.2
31.6
30.2
30.7

34.1
35.2
30.8
30.0
30.6

33.3
34.1
29.8
29.7
30.0

32.5
32.9
27.9
29.1
28.9

90.42
90. 23
92.97
95.92
100.44

92.16
91.76
94.13
98.49
101.68

87.20
89.33
90.64
97.04
98.89

87.82
90.63
91.42
96.32
98.06

2.21
2.26
2.33
2.42
2.48

2.18
2.25
2.33
2.42
2.46

2.19
2.26
2.35
2.42
2.47

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.3
1.0
1.5
1.7

1.6
3.1
1.5
•6
1.5
1.7

2.0
2.8
1.4
1.0
1.4
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
3.4
3.1
3.6
2.7

2.6
2.4
2.9
13.0
3.0
3.3

3.2
3.0
3.4
4.4
2.3
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.3
.9
.7
.9

.7
.9
.9
•5
•8
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
1.3
1.7
2.3
1.3

1.5
•8
1.4
12.0
1.6
1.2

NEW HIRES
1.0
3.0
.9
1.2
1.7
2.2

1.5
2.4
1.0
.8
1.8
2.1

HEATING EQUIPMENT, EXCEPT ELECTRIC - SIC 3433
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

45.3
47.2
45.0
41.9
42.7

44.2
45.5
45.8
40.9
41.7
41.2

43.8
45.8
45.4
41.1
42.0
42.0

44.6
46.5
45.4
40.8
42.3
41.5

44*1
45.9
45.3
40.6
42.4
41.8

43.6
46.4
45.7
41.5
42.5
42.4

44.5
47.8
46.3
41.9
43.0

44.5
47.4
45.7
41.4
42.8

FEMALE 1MPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
E
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.1
4.9
4.7
4.8

5.0
5.0
5.2
4.6
4.6
4.7

5.0
5.0
4.7
4.7
4.7

5.1
5.0
4.6
4.8
4.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

31.7
33.5
31.4
28.7
29.6

30.3
31.8
31.9
27.6
28.5
28.4

30.0
32.1
31.9
27.9
28.7
29.2

30.9
32.8
31.9
27.7
29.0
29.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

86.58
89.42
91.25
94.64
97.76

85.57
87.78
89.83
92.82
93.80
97.51

83.89
87.56
88.78
92.90
95.01
96.78

4.8
5.1
4.9
4.6
4.8
4.7

5.1
5.0
4.6
4.8
4.6

5.1
4.9
4.7
4.7

4.8
5.1
4.9
4.6
4.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
30.6
32.1
32.0
27.4
29.1
28.8

30.2
32.9
32.2
28.4
29.2
29.4

31.0
34.2
32.8
28.6
29.7

31.0
33.8
32.0
28.2
29.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
85.36
87.07
91.01
91.01
96.38
97.17

84.07
87.96
88.01
93.77
95.74
96.43

84.28
88.84
91.25
93.93
97.02
98.46

85.75
90.76
92.40
94.49
100.37

84.50
90.68
91.87
94.01
97.66

86.80
90.94
93.26
95.60
99.38

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.17
2.23
2.31
2.39
2.45




2.15
2.20
2.28
2.38
2.43
2.45

2.14
2.20
2.30
2.37
2.43
2.45

2.15
2.21
2.31
2.37
2.44
2.46

2.15
2.21
2.28
2.38
2.43
2.46

2.15
2.21
2.31
2.39
2.45
2.48

2.16
2.23
2.31
2.38
2.46

2.15
2.25
2.32
2.38
2.46

2.17
2.24
2.32
2.39
2.46

2.20
2.25
2.33
2.41
2.48

150

v

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
i A— wnl 1
| Anrag* | January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

HEATING EQUIPMENT* EXCEPT ELECTRIC - SIC 3433— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION—WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
39.9
40.1
39.5
39.6
39.9

39.8
39.9
39.4
39.0
38.6
39.8

39.2
39.8
38.6
39.2
39.1
39.5

39.7
39.4
39.4
38.4
39.5
39.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
4.0
3.1
3.2
3.4

2.6
3.5
3.6
4.0
3.6
4.4

3.1
3.6
3.4
2.8
3.1
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
2.9
2.1
1.7
2.3

•9
2.3
1.7
1.4
1.8
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.9
4.0
3.3
3.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
39.8
38.6
39.4
39.4
39.2

39.2
40.2
39.5
39.3
39.6
39.7

40.0
40.6
40.2
40.0
40.4

41.1
40.1
39.9
39.8
40.5

41.7
40.6
40.4
40.7
41.0

40.0
39.7
38.9
40.1
40.2

40.1
40.1
38.9
39.8
39.7

3.6
3.8
2.9
2.6
3.9
3.5

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
3.1
4.3
3.4
4.2
4.4
5.3
4.2
3.4
3.6
4.6
3.1
2.8
3.1
3.9
3.8
3.4
3.8
4.6
3.8
4.3
4.3

4.0
4.2
3.1
3.8
4.0

4.8
4.2
3.0
4.1
3.5

3.0
3.2
2.8
3.1
3.1

2.4
4.1
1.9
2.4
2.3

2.2
2.9
1.6
2.0
1.8

•9
2.4
2.2
.9
2.1
2.0

1.5
2.9
2.4
1.0
2.2
2.2

NEW HIRES
1.1
3.5
2.5
1.7
2.0
2.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
1.7
3.0
3.5
3.6
4.4
2.7
3.4
2.3
1.3
2.4
2.3
2.9
2.6
3.8
3.3

3.0
3.7
2.1
2.8
,3.1

3.9
3.7
2.2
2.6
2.8

2.3
2.6
1.5
2.3
2.3

1.4
1.3
1.2
1.3
1.5

1.3
1.0
.8
.7
1.0

3.9
3.7
4.0
3.4
3.6
3.0

2.4
2.6
3.9
3.1
3.1
3.1

2.7
2.6
3.1
2.6
3.2
4.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.2
2.5
3.1
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.5
3.8
2.9
3.1
3.1
3.1
2.6
2.8
2.5
3.3
4.1
2.5
3.1
4.0
4.0

3.1
4.4
5.2
4.0
4.3

4.0
4.7
4.4
4.1
4.3

3.4
4.3
4.4
4.3
3.3

3.6
8.5
4.5
3.3
5.3

3.1
3.7
5.0
3.3
4.0

1.1
1.5
1.1
1.0
1.2

.9
1.3
.9
.7
.8
•9

.7
1.1
1.0
•6
.9
•8

.7
1.1
.9
.7
1.1
1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.8
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.1
.9
.9
.7
1.1
1.2
1.5
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.1

1.6
2.1
1.5
1.5
1.9

2.3
2.5
1.6
2.1
2.3

1.1
1.5
.9
1.3
1.1

.9
.8
•6
•8
.9

.7
.7
.5
•6
.5

1.5
1.7
2.3
1.7
1.8

2.6
1.8
2.5
2.3
2.2
1.3

1.5
1.0
2.4
2.1
1.6
1.7

1.7
•8
1.5
1.4
1.5
2.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
.5
.9
1.3
•5
.7
.7
.5
1.7
1.1
1.4
1.2
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.9
•6
1.2
2.0
2.2

.9
1.3
3.1
1.8
1.6

1.1
1.4
2.4
1.3
1.3

2.0
2.1
3.0
2.2
1.5

2.2
7.1
3.5
2.0
3.9

1.8
2.6
4.0
2.2
2.9

ow O'J h

39.7
40.7
40.0
39.7
40.8

o -Jooow

39.3
40.3
39.6
39.5
39.7

vnO'

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 344
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

120.8
133.0

106.4
130.6

111.6
127.6

114.8
124.3

117.7
122.4

117.2
121.9

117.1
125.6

118.3
131.7

122.0
136.2

124.7
139.5

132.0
142.8

133.7
144.3

134.1
149.0

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

167.2
182.0
204.8
214.8
184.9

152.8
169.9
197.1
215.2
210.5

157.3
171.8
201.0
218.6
214.0

159.6
174.4
200.0
217.9
212.2

162.3
176.3
202.7
215.8
208.6

162.9
178.0
201.2
216.5
204.0

168.2
180.0
203.8
217.7
197.2

172.4
182.4
205.7
217-5
188.0

175.9
185.6
206.8
215.9
181.0

176.2
186.9
205.6
213.2
146.8

175.5
190.3
209.3
210.7
148.3

172.9
192.9
212.3
208.8
151.8

170.7
195.7
212.1
209.5
156.8

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

183.2
218.6
227.9
212.5
221.8

160.0
209.6
228.9
224.0
203.8

128.3
211.5
227.0
221.6
203.0

169.2
213.6
227.6
217.8
206.0

171.6
214.6
227.1
215.0
209.1

175.6
215.2
226.0
213.0
211.8

181.3
218.0
225.3
213.2
218.0

189.6
216.7
225.8
211.5
221.7

199.3
220.2
228.4
212.2
231.7

202.3
222.6
230.4
212.6
231.7

203.0
225.1
230.0
202.3
239.2

208.8
226.7
229.5
203.2
242.2

209.2
228.9
228.4
204.1
243.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

253.3
264.0
286.7
287.2
295.5

245.3
263.3
278.2
284.9
276.1

246.5
264.7
279.4
283.7
276.1

248.8
265.8
279.8
283.8
279.0

250.8
265.7
279.8
285.1
284.4

252.3
264.8
282.6
286.4
291.1

250.8
244.1
288.2
290.3
298.4

251.5
240.0
287.6
291.5
301.3

256.3
264.0
292.9
291.9
305.8

255.9
266.7
295.0
292.5
309.3

258.0
272.0
293.8
289.1
307.2

260.0
276.6
292.5
285.7
309.1

263.7
280.4
290.9
281.5
308.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

328.3
359.7
343.4
333.2
339.7

309.0
344.8
355.7
332.6
329.6

311.3
348.6
343.4
327.2
330.7

315.1
351.2
337.2
330.3
330.5

319.9
352.8
334.5
338.2
332.0

324.2
357.4
334.6
343.6
339.3

332.2
365.0
341.1
352.5
345.5

317.7
363.0
343.7
354.6
346.3

338.7
366.4
348.9
328.0
351.3

340.6
369.1
352.3
323.2
348.9

342.8
369.2
348.2
313.0
347.5

343.4
365.5
342.0
324.7
341.0

344.4
363.5
338.9
331.0
334.2

1961
1962
1963

332.7
331.5

326.0
323.3
322.6

320.6
321.2
319.7

320.3
321.4
320.8

325.7
325.8
327.5

330.0
331.9
335.9

337.5
337.8

337.3
339.7

341.5
339.6

345.4
340.7

340.8
336.6

336.8
332.0

330.7
3 2 8 .0




151

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

June

July

August

September

Oct b r
oe

bar

Oeremh

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 344— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

15.3

15.3

15.5

17.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

17.7
22.1
23.4
24.2
23.5

18.3
21.3
23.5
23.9
24.2

19.6
20.9
25.0
23.3
24.4

20.6
22.0
25.0
23.4
24.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

26.0
26.9
27.5
27.4
27.9

27.1
27.8

27.3
27.9

26.9
27.9
26.3
27.8
28.3

28.3
28.9

28.6
29.2

27.6
28.0
27.6
29.0
29.0

28.8
28.9

28.5
28.5

27.8
28.1
28.1
28.2
28.6

28.1
27.9

28.3
27.4

26.5
26.4
27.1

26.5
26.4
27.5

26.6
26.6
27.6

27.1
27.4
28.0

27.5
28.2
28.8

28.1
28.8

27.8
28.7

27.4
28.8

27.8
28.2

27.9
28.3

27.8
28.3

27.2
27.4

1961
1962
1963

28.1
28.4
27.4
27.8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

91.9
103.2

81.0
99.6

84.8
97.6

87.4
95.5

89.6
94.2

89.1
94.2

89.1
97.2

90.0
102.2

92.8
106.1

95.0
108.9

100.5
111.8

101.7
113.4

102.1
117.3

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

134.2
151.0
174.7
183.3
153.2

120.7
138.8
166.4
184.2
177.9

124.6
140.7
170.0
186.9
180.4

126.7
143.2
169.6
186.3
178.5

129.2
145.1
172.5
184.5
175.2

130.3
146.9
171.4
185.1
171.0

134.7
149.0
174.2
186.1
165.1

138.4
151.6
176.1
185.7
156.8

141.8
154.6
177*0
184.4
150.6

142.2
155.9
176.2
182.1
117.7

142.3
159.5
179.4
179.3
118.5

140.4
161.8
181.7
177.3
121.3

139.3
164.8
181.6
177.4
125.4

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

146.3
173.7
177.6
162.5
171.9

128.2
167.3
180.4
172.9
154.5

96.7
169.0
177.7
170.6
153.7

135.5
170.2
178.0
167.9
156.1

137.5
171*3
176.9
165.3
159.8

140.8
170.9
175.2
163.6
163.1

145.4
172.9
175.3
163.7
169.4

152.1
171.0
175.2
162.6
173.6

159.8
174.6
176.8
163.0
181.4

162.2
176.1
179.7
163.5
182.3

162.8
178.7
179.6
150.5
188.3

167.0
180.5
178.8
151.2
189.2

167.4
182.0
177.9
155.7
191.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

197.1
203.3
220.6
217.3
221.4

192.6
204.3
214.8
216.5
204.6

193.3
205.4
215.1
215.0
204.6

194.6
206.5
215.7
214.8
208.1

195.6
205.7
215.4
215.8
211.9

196.0
205.2
217.3
217.4
217.5

195.1
184.8
221.9
220.9
224.1

194.7
179.8
220.6
221.8
226.0

198.9
202.8
224.9
221.0
230.0

198.3
205.4
227.7
221.1
233.2

200.0
209.4
225.9
218.6
231.3

201.8
213.3
224.9
214.8
233.4

204.4
217.0
222.5
210.0
232.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

244.1
266.8
248.5
237.9
242.2

230.8
255.5
260.7
237.8
233.8

232.2
258.0
249.4
234.4
235.3

235.4
260.2
244.5
236.2
235.2

239.3
260.4
241*4
244.0
235.7

241.9
264.5
241.1
249.1
242.1

248.2
271.6
247.0
257.6
246.8

228.7
269.7
248.8
258.9
247.5

251.0
272.2
253.3
231.0
251.9

254.1
275.0
256.0
225.8
250.3

256.4
274.7
251.2
217.3
248.8

255.8
271.2
245.7
228.1
242.9

255.5
268.6
243.2
234.1
236.6

1961
1962
1963

235.6
234.7

229.1
227.3
226.0

224.2
225.5
223.1

224.0
226.2
224.1

228.7
230*3
230.7

233.0
235.5
239.0

239.6
240.7

239.6
241.7

243.8
241.6

247.3
243.0

243.4
239.5

239.8
234.0

234.4
231.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

53.19
57.79
59.51
62.85

49.41
56.08
60.42
59.87

49.78
55.58
60.46
59.38

50.72
56.03
59.87
59.95

50.84
55.84
58.49
60.87

52.50
56.51
59.47
61.22

53.57
57.38
59.52
62.21

53.14
55.78
58.89
60.96

54.16
59.31
59.40
63.77

54.85
57.21
60.15
64.57

56.06
60.94
59.06
65.48

55.86
60.99
57.51
65.80

57.32
61.28
60.41
67.42

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

70.90
74.27
79.71
78.91.
82.40

67.65
72.93
77.78
79.65
77.99

68.39
73.10
78.63
78.88
77.60

69.72
73.35
79.18
78.28
78.57

70.64
71.45
79.00
77.71
79.37

70.64
72.83
79.24
78.69
80.95

70.47
71.97
79.85
79.65
82.76

69.31
70.93
78.40
78.53
83.02

70.64
73.87
80.98
79.13
84.03

72.59
76.25
79.87
78.74
85.69

72.08
77.47
82.41
78.96
86.31

71.91
77.53
80.83
78.96
85.08

74.30
79.30
82.60
79.54
85.28

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

87.35
92.35
92.63
95.68
99.47

85.49
89.42
91.08
93.06
96.07

84.67
90.27
89.67
92.98
95.59

84.87
91.12
90.29
94.56
96.07

86.11
91.32
90.06
95.51
97.20

85.70
92.40
91.14
97.10
99.80

87.36
93.04
92.92
99.36
101.02

84.87
92.99
93.50
95.60
101.35

85.44
94.24
95.47
96.46
101.84

89.23
95.34
95.65
95.75
101.76

90.29
93.75
94.71
94.64
101.27

88.80
92.39
94.24
93.21
100.53

91.57
93.07
94.64
97.28
99.20

1961
1962
1963

102.06
104.60

99.60
100.35
103.46

99.00
102.40
103.60

99.90
103.31
104.12

100.00
104.60
104.64

101.00
104.96
107.53

102.50
105.98

102.31
104.96

104.24
107.07

103.89
106.97

104.81
105.78

104.30
104.34

103.94
104.64

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.291
1.406
1.473
1.533

1.220
1.348
1.470
1.493

1.223
1.349
1.471
1.492

1.338
1.465
1.462
1.559

1.346
1.466
1.467
1.563

1.352
1.466
1.488
1.609

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




1.234
1.360
1.471
1.495

1.240
1.362
1.466
1.503

1*268
1.375
1.472
1.508

1*294
1.386
1.477
1.521

1*312
1.398
1*476
1.524

1.321
1.443
1.474
1.533

1.328
1.452
1.478
1.556

152

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 344— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNIN6S - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.68
1.76
1.88
1.92
2.00

1.63
1.72
1.83
1.91
1.94

1.64
1.72
1.85
1.91
1.94

1.66
1.73
1.85
1.90
1.94

1.67
1.73
1.85
1.90
1.95

1.67
1.73
1.86
1.91
1.96

1.67
1.73
1.87
1.91
1.98

1.67
1.73
1.88
1.92
2.02

1.67
1.78
1.91
1.93
2.02

1.70
1.79
1.92
1.93
2.05

1.70
1.81
1.93
1.94
2.06

1.70
1.82
1.92
1.94
2.05

1.72
1.84
1.93
1.94
2.05

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.11
2.22
2.31
2.38
2.45

2.07
2.16
2.26
2.35
2.42

2.06
2.17
2.27
2.36
2.42

2.06
2.18
2.28
2.37
2.42

2.07
2.19
2.28
2.37
2.43

2.07
2.20
2.29
2.38
2.44

2.09
2.21
2.30
2.40
2.44

2.07
2.23
2.32
2.39
2.46

2.12
2.26
2.34
2.37
2.46

2.15
2.27
2.35
2.37
2.47

2.16
2.27
2.35
2.36
2.47

2.15
2.27
2.35
2.39
2.47

2.17
2.27
2.36
2.42
2.48

1961
1962
1963

2.52
2.57

2.49
2.56
2.58

2.50
2.56
2.59

2.51
2.57
2.59

2.50
2.57
2.59

2.50
2.56
2.61

2.50
2.56

2.52
2.56

2.53
2.58

2.54
2.59

2.55
2.58

2.55
2.57

2.56
2.59

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

41.2
41.1
40.4
41.0

40.5
41.6
41.1
40.1

40.7
41.2
41.1
39.8

41.1
41.2
40.7
40.1

41.0
41.0
39.9
40.5

41.4
41.1
40.4
40.6

41.4
41.4
40.3
40.9

40.5
39.9
39.9
40.0

41.0
41.1
40.3
41.6

41.3
39.4
40.7
41.5

41.9
41.6
40.4
42.0

41.5
41.6
39.2
42.1

42.4
41.8
40.6
41.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.2
42.2
42.4
41.1
41.2

41.5
42.4
42.5
41.7
40.2

41.7
42.5
42.5
41.3
40.0

42.0
42.4
42.8
41.2
40.5

42.3
41.3
42.7
40.9
40.7

42.3
42.1
42.6
41.2
41.3

42.2
41.6
42.7
41.7
41.8

41.5
41.0
41.7
40.9
41.1

42.3
41.5
42.4
41.0
41.6

42.7
42.6
41.6
40.8
41.8

42.4
42.8
42.7
40.7
41.9

42.3
42.6
42.1
40.7
41.5

43.2
43.1
42.8
41.0
41.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.4
41.6
40.1
40.2
40.6

41.3
41.4
40.3
39.6
39.7

41.1
41.6
39.5
39.4
39.5

41.2
41.8
39.6
39.9
39.7

41.6
41.7
39.5
40.3
40.0

41.4
42.0
39.8
40.8
40.9

41.8
42.1
40.4
41.4
41.4

41.0
41.7
40.3
40.0
41.2

40.3
41.7
40.8
40.7
41.4

41.5
42.0
40.7
40.4
41.2

41.8
41.3
40.3
40.1
41.0

41.3
40.7
40.1
39.0
40.7

42.2
41.0
40.1
40.2
40.0

1961
1962
1963

40.5
40.7

40.0
39.2
40.1

39.6
40.0
40.0

39.8
40.2
40.2

40.0
40.7
40.4

40.4
41.0
41.2

41.0
41.4

40.6
41.0

41.2
41.5

40.9
41.3

41.1
41.0

40.9
40.6

40.6
40.4

2.9
3.0
3.0

2.4
2.6
2.9
2.8
3.0

2.0
2.4
2.8
2.8
2.6

2.0
1.9
2.5
2.4
2.5

2.0
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.2
2.4
2.3
2.5

2.0
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.9
2.0

1.8
1.7
1.9
1.7
2.0
2.1

1.7
1.8
1.9
1.8
2.0
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
4.2
4.3
4.2
4.3

2.4
3.5
4.5
3.4
4.1
3.4

2.4
3.5
4.1
3.5
4.1
3.6

2.5
4.7
3.9
4.4
4.3
4.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.3
3.7
4.9
4.1
5.1
6.4
4.3
5.2
4.7
5.3
5.9
4.4
4.6
4.9
5.1
5.8
4.6
5.4
5.2
5.7
5.3
5.3

4.2
4.0
5.1
4.6
5.0

4.1
3.5
4.3
4.5
4.1

3.2
2.8
3.7
4.0
3.8

2.7
3.7
3.0
3.2
3.2

2.3
3.5
2.6
2.6
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
2.9
2.8
2.7
3.0

1.5
2.0
2.3
1.9
2.6
2.0

1.5
1.9
2.6
1.8
2.4
1.9

1.4
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.5
2.6

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.4
3.1
2.5
3.1
3.0

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
3.0
2.6
3.6
5.1
3.5
3.4
4.2
3.2
3.0
3.8
3.2
3.9
4.3
3.6
3.5

2.8
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.8

3.1
2.9
3.3
3.3
3.3

2.2
2.3
2.5
2.9
2.9

1.7
2.1
1.8
2.2
2.2

1.2
1.8
1.4
1.6
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5

5.0
4.9
4.3
5.6
5.3
5.1

4.9
3.8
4.4
4.5
3.9
4.1

4.2
3.4
4.7
4.5
4.4
4.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.7
3.4
3.1
4.0
3.7
4.1
4.4
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.0
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.9

4.3
4.9
4.6
4.9
5.2

5.0
5.8
5.3
5.8
5.4

5.9
5.6
5.0
4.8
5.2

4.0
6.0
5.2
5.1
4.6

3.9
4.6
5.3
4.9
4.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.4

•8
.9
1.0
.7
1.1
1.0

.7
.9
1.0
.7
1.0
.9

.7
1.1
1.2
.8
1.2
1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•8
.9
.9
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.5

1.5
2.1
1.7
1.7
2.4

1.8
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.4

1.2
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.4

.9
].l
•8
1.1
1.0

.7
.8
•6
.7
.7




1.5
2.1
2.0
1.9
2.2
2.0

1.6
2.4
2.5
2.0
2.6
2.7

1.9
2.9
2.8
2.5
2.8

2.0
2.6
2.8
2.5
2.7

2.3
2d7

153

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

June

Arl
pi

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 3*4— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.4

3.6
3.4
2.7
4.2
3.6
3.4

3.7
2.3
2.8
3.3
2.4
2.5

2.9
1.7
2.8
3.1
2.3
2.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.5
2.1
1.7
2.1
1.9
2.0
1.4
1.6
2.0
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.9
1.9
1.4
1.6
1.7

2.0
2.1
2.1
2.5
2.0

2.6
2.8
2.4
2.7
2.2

4.1
3.7
3.1
2.5
3.1

2.7
4.3
3.8
3.4
2.9

2.8
3.2
4.2
3.5
3.1

103.3
85.6
102.8
101.0
97.5

103*8
83*0
102.7
101.8
97.8

101.6
78.3
101.6
99.2
94.9

99.7
86.7
99.9
97.7
92.3

98.7
92.2
97.9
96.3
91.3

5.0
5.0
4.8
4.7

4.9
5.0
4.8
4.6

4.9
4.8
4.9
4.8
4.6

4.9
4.9
4.8
4.6

4.9
4.9
4.8
4.5

75.8
58.9
75.4
74.8
71.8

76.4
55.9
75.5
75.4
72.2

74.3
52.4
74.6
73.3
69.6

72.3
60.6
73.0
72.1
67.2

71.8
65.8
71.2
71.1
66.6

94.96
93.93
102.75
107.79
107.86

93.38
88.56
100.94
107.27
107.06

92.04
96.47
100.40
105.04
105.87

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL STEEL - SIC 3441
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

101.5
92.4
98.7
96.7
94.6

105.9
95.5
93.4
94.5
94.2
90.0

101.9
94.0
95.0
92.5
93.0
88.8

100.5
94.8
94.8
92.7
93.5
90.5

99.7
97.6
96.5
93.6
93.5
92.5

100.0
99.2
97.4
95.0
94.4
95.8

101.1
100.7
100.1
97.3
95.5

102*0
101.3
101*9
98.4
96.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.9
5.0
4.8
4.7

4.9
4.9
5.0
4.9
4.8
4.5

4.9
5.0
4.9
4.7
4.5

4.9
5.0
4.9
4.7
4.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

74.7
66.1
71.9
70.8
69.4

78.8
69.3
67.1
68.5
69.1
65.7

75.5
68.1
69.1
67.0
66.0
64.5

74.6
68.9
68.8
66.9
68.7
65.7

4.7
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.5

5.0
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.6

5.0
5.0
4.8
4.7

4.8
5.1
5.0
4.8
4.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
73.7
71.5
69.9
67.9
68.8
67.8

73.7
72.9
70.8
69.3
69.1
71.2

74.4
74.5
72.7
71.4
70.2

74.9
74.8
74.4
72.3
71.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

93.67
94.64
100.94
103.79
106.52

93.20
90.95
95.65
101.15
100.10
104.81

89.83
92.28
96.38
99.40
103.34
104.28

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.33
2.39
2.48
2.55
2.63

2.29
2.35
2.44
2.51
2.60
2.64

2.28
2.36
2.44
2.51
2.59
2.64

2.30
2.37
2.44
2.51
2.62
2.65

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.2
39.6
40.7
40.7
40.5

40.7
38.7
39.2
40.3
38.5
39.7

39.4
39.1
39.5
39.6
39.9
39.5

39.9
39.5
39.7
39.9
40.2
40.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
4.3
4.8
4.8
4.9

2.3
3.2
5.9
3.7
5.0
3.7

2.0
3.4
5.4
4.3
5.1
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.7
3.1
2.9
3.3

1.6
1.8
2.3
2.0
3.0
2.0

1.2
1.6
2.9
2.1
3.1
2.4

91.77
93.62
96.87
100.15
105.32
106.00

91.14
93.62
99.23
100.80
106.78
107.59

93.32
96.00
101.27
103.38
107.16
110.68

94.25
99.46
102.67
103.73
107.94

95.88
95.68
103.58
103.89
108.62

97.23
95.75
104.08
106.91
109.56

96.70
94.80
104.00
106.97
110.12

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.36
2.37
2.49
2.57
2.64

2.37
2.37
2.50
2.59
2.66

2.38
2.36
2.50
2.61
2.65

2.37
2.40
2.48
2.61
2.65

2.36
2.43
2.51
2.60
2.66

40.8
39.7
41.6
40.9
41.3

41.2
40.4
41.8
41.6
41.5

40.8
40.0
41.6
41.3
41.4

39.9
39.8
41.1
41.3
40.7

39.4
36.9
40.7
41.1
40.4

39.0
39.7
40.0
4C.4
39.8

2.7
5.2
4.6
4.9
4.9
6.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
3.6
4.4
4.5
5.6
6.1
4.3
5.3
5.0
6.6
4.8
5.3
5.2
5.3
6.0
7.2
5.5
5.2
5.8
6.4
5.7
6.0

3.7
4.3
5.4
5.2
5.2

3.8
3.2
4.9
4.8
4.4

2.8
2.8
3.7
4.7
4.6

2.5
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.8

2.1
4.4
2.8
3.1
3.0

1.2
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.9
2.9

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.5
3.5
2.7
3.0
3.2

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.3
1.7
3.3
3.6
4.5
3.7
3.2
4.9
3.1
3.7
4.2
3.6
4.8
4.2
3.7

2.5
3.6
4.0
3.6
3.8

2.6
2.5
3.7
3.3
3.4

1.9
2.0
2.5
3.5
3.3

1.5
1.5
2.1
2.4
2.5

.9
1.4
1.2
1.6
1.4

2.29
2.37
2.45
2.52
2.63
2.65

2.31
2.40
2.47
2.54
2.62
2.68

2.31
2.42
2.48
2.53
2.62

2.35
2.41
2.49
2.54
2.63

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




39.8
39.5
40.5
40.0
40*6
40.6

40.4
40.0
41.0
40.7
40.9
41.3

40.8
41.1
41.4
41.0
41.2

154

T—

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Avtragt

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

Junu

J
uly

August

Suptumbur

October

November

December

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL STEEL - SIC 3441— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
4.8
4.5
5.1
5.1

4.9*
4.9
3.6
5.9
5.9
6.0

4.6
3.9
4.5
5.1
4.4
4.6

3.5
3.4
3.9
6.4
4.9
4.2

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.9
3.5
3.3
2.9
4.5
4.5
4.0
4.7
3.6
4.0
3.8
3.8
3.8
4.2
4.1
3.9
4.7
4.6
4.8
4.4
4.2
4.5

4.1
5.6
4.7
4.6
5.7

5.6
6.3
5.3
6.8
6.1

5.5
7.1
5.6
5.9
6.2

3.5
5.1
5.3
5.1
5.0

4.2
3.8
5.9
5.1
4.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•9
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.4

.8
.7
.9
.7
1.2
1.0

.6
.7
.9
.7
1.0
1.0

.6
.9
1.1
.9
1.3
1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•8
•8
1.0
1.8
1.2
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.4
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.4
1.6
1.8
1J4
1.3
1.4

1.4
2.2
1.8
1.8
2.3

1.7
2.2
2.3
2.2
2.2

.9
1.5
1.0
1.4
1.3

.7
1.0
.8
1.2
1.0

•6
.7
.5
.7
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.9
2.7
3.2
2.9

3.7
3.7
2.2
4.6
3.7
4.5

3.4
2.7
3.1
4.0
2.8
3.0

2.5
1.9
1.9
4.7
2.9
2.3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.2
1.7
1.8
2.1
2.8
2.0
2«2
2.2
1.9
2.2
2.0
1.7
2.5
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.7
2.4
2.0
2.3
2.1
2.2

2.1
2.7
2.2
2.1
2.5

3.4
3.4
2.4
3.8
3.2

4.1
5.1
3.4
3.1
4.2

2.6
3.7
4.1
3.2
3.3

3.2
2.7
4.9
3.8
3.3

63.7
64.9
62.0
59.6
63.2

65.1
63.9
60.2
59.8
62.2

65.1
62.3
61.7
59.9
62.9

64.3
63.8
60.7
59.4
62.5

63.4
63.7
58.4
57.4
61*1

9.3
9.0
7.8
8.9

9.2
8.6
8.0
8.7

9.0
9.0
8.8
8.1
8.9

8.9
8.4
8.1
8.9

9.0
8.0
7.7
8.5

46.6
47.4
45.0
43.2
45.5

47.4
46.5
43.6
43.1
44.9

47.2
45.2
44.6
43.3
45.6

46.7
46.5
43.9
43.0
44.8

45.9
46.5
41.9
41.1
43.5

86.05
85.01
89.28
90.61
94.47

86.88
85.57
89.54
91.24
92.51

87.91
86.18
87.96
92.43
92.43

METAL DOORS. SASH. FRAMES. AND TRIM - SIC 3442
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

62.3
63.7
61.1
57.4
59.9

62.8
62.3
61.8
55.8
55.3
59.6

8.9
8.7
7.8
8.3

8.5
8.4
8.6
7.4
7.2
8.3

60.5
60.8
61.3
53.5
54.8
58.5

59.3
61.2
61.0
53.9
55.1
57.6

59.1
62.7
59.9
55.4
56.8
59.7

59.6
64.6
62.3
57.3
59.9
62.2

62.1
67.1
62.9
58.4
62.2

62.6
66.8
60.6
57.8
62.6

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

8.1
8.5
7.2
7.1
8.3

8.3
8.4
7.2
7.4
8.6

8.1
8.7
8.8
7.6
7.9
8.9

9.2
9.2
7.9
8.6
9.5

9.2
9.4
8.2
9.0

8. 8
9.2
9.1
7.9
8.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

45.0
46.4
44.3
40.9
42.9

45.2
45.0
45.0
39.4
39.2
42.1

43.5
43.7
44.5
37.1
38.6
41.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

83.60
85.60
86.37
89.28
92.48

80.40
82.89
85.32
85.80
88.43
91.35

80.16
83.16
83.38
86.14
89.95
90.23

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.09
2.14
2.17
2.21
2.25

2.02
2.12
2.16
2.20
2.25
2.25

2.05
2.16
2.16
2.22
2.26
2.25

42.5
43.7
44.2
37.5
38.9
41.0

42.3
45.3
43.4
38.9
40.5
42.6

42.7
47.3
45.4
40.7
43.2
44.9

45.0
49.7
45.8
41.7
45.1

45.5
49.4
44.1
41.3
45.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
80.55
84.74
84.20
87.69
88.93
90.63

79.75
87.10
83.42
88.00
90.76
91.53

82.19
88.15
86.43
87.82
92.51
93.07

83.21
88.99
87.10
90.67
95.00

84.44
85.39
87.42
89.98
91.02

85.46
85.88
87.64
91.46
94.92

86.05
85.20
88.04
89.54
95.30

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.06
2.14
2.17
2.2 2
2.24
2.26

2.05
2.14
2.15
2.20
2.23
2.26

2.06
2.15
2.15
2.19
2.24
2.27

2.07
2.16
2.14
2.19
2.23

2.09
2.14
2.18
2.20
2.22

2.11
2.11
2.18
2.22
2.26

2.13
2.13
2.19
2.20
2.28

2.13
2.12
2.21
2.21
2.26

2.14
2.15
2.20
2.22
2.24

2.16
2.16
2.21
2.26
2.26

40.5
40.7
40.2
41.2
42.0

40.4
40.0
40.2
40.7
41.8

40.4
40.1
40.4
41.0
41.8

40.6
39.8
40.7
41.1
41.3

40.7
39.9
39.8
40.9
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.0
40.0
39.8
40.4
41.1




39.8
39.1
39.5
39.0
39.3
40.6

39.1
38.5
38.6
38.8
39.8
40.1

39.1
39.6
38.8
39.5
39.7
40.1

38.9
40.7
38.8
40.0
40.7
40.5

39.9
41.0
40.2
40.1
41.3
41.0

40.2
41.2
40.7
41.4
42.6

40.4
39.9
40.1
40.9
41.0

155

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED PLATE WORK (BOILER SHOPS) - SIC 3443
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

101.5
93.8
94.2
90.6
86.5

110.3
96.1
91.8
92.8
87.5
83.6

6.8
7.1
6.8
6.7

7.3
6.9
7.0
6.8
6.8
6.6

106.7
93.9
92.0
91.8
87.4
82.9

104.0
94.2
92.7
90.1
86.8
83.5

101.9
94.9
92.7
90.9
86.5
84.1

100.2
95.2
95.0
90.1
86.7
85.0

100.8
96.2
95.7
91.6
87.5

100.7
96.9
96.8
90.9
87.2

100.5
92.3
97.0
88.5
84.3

100.3
92.4
95.7
91.5
86.8

98.0
89.9
94.7
90.6
86.0

96.9
91.5
93.9
89.7
85.7

97.3
91.8
92.9
88.7
85.0

6.9
7.2
6.7
6.9

6.9
7.1
6.9
6.6

7.0
6.8
7.0
6.9
6.6

6.9
7.0
6.9
6.7

6.9
6.9
6.9
6.6

70.4
61.4
64.3
57.0
53.9

70.0
61.6
63.4
60.2
56.2

67.5
59.1
62.7
59.3
55.5

66.5
60.2
62.1
58.4
54.8

66.8
60.4
61.2
57.4
54.5

98.82
98.31
105.63
107.33
110.56

98.98
99.10
105.37
107.59
109.88

99.63
102.56
104.38
108.79
110.43

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.8
7.0
6.8
6.7
6.6

6.8
7.0
6.8
6.7
6.5

6.9
6.8
7.0
6.8
6.7
6.5

6.7
7.1
6.7
6.7
6.5

6.8
7.1
6.9
6.8

6.9
6.9
7.2
7.0
6.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

71.3
63.5
62.4
59.2
55.8

80.1
65.6
60.7
61.3
56.5
53.2

76.2
64.6
60.9
60.3
56.6
52.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

96.08
99.54
103.63
105.99
108.94

94.66
98.74
100.25
104.90
104.80
109.08

93.20
97.11
100.80
104.52
108.12
110.29

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.39
2.47
2.54
2.63
2.67

2.32
2.45
2.50
2.59
2.66
2.68

2.33
2.44
2.52
2.60
2.65
2.69

73.8
64.8
61.5
58.8
56.1
53.5

71.9
65.4
61.2
59.3
55.9
54.4

70.4
65.5
62.9
58.9
56.2
55.4

70.8
66.4
63.5
60.1
56.8

70.6
66.7
64.2
59.4
56.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
94.24
98.65
100.80
104.54
107.33
110.97

94.16
99.14
101.81
105.32
109.06
109.34

91.80
100.28
104.24
105.06
108.79
112.32

96.15
101.68
105.41
106.25
109.47

96.24
97.57
103.98
104.94
108.26

97.44
101.43
105.16
107.30
110.15

98.58
101.59
105.47
107.06
109.61

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.35
2.46
2.52
2.62
2.65
2.70

2.36
2.46
2.52
2.62
2.66
2.68

2.36
2.47
2.53
2.62
2.66
2.70

2.38
2.48
2.54
2.63
2.67

2.43
2.48
2.54
2.63
2.68

2.44
2.49
2.56
2.65
2.68

2.44
2.47
2.57
2.65
2.69

2.45
2.49
2.57
2.65
2.68

2.46
2.52
2.59
2.66
2.70

40.1
39.5
41.1
39.6
40.7

40il
40.9
41.4
40.8
41.1

40.4
40.8
41.2
40.4
40.9

40.5
39.8
41.1
40.5
41.1

40.4
39.8
41.0
40.6
41.0

40.5
40.7
40.3
40.9
40.9

2.40
2.47
2.53
2.65
2.66

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
40.2
40.3
40.8
40.3
40.8

40.8
40.3
40.1
40.5
39.4
40.7

40.0
39.8
40.0
40.2
40.8
41.0

40.1
40.1
40.0
39.9
40.5
41.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.1
3.7
3.2
3.3

1.8
2.6
4.0
3.3
3.5
2.7

2.4
2.2
3.5
2.8
3.4
3.1

1.9
3.2
4.0
3.2
3.5
3.3

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
3.4
2.8
1.8
3.2
4.6
3.3
3.4
3.9
4.1
4.9
3.5
3.2
3.9
4.2
3.1
3.2
4.4
3.2
4.0
3.9
3.5

2.8
3.1
4.7
3.5
3.9

3.1
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.3

2.4
2.1
3.2
3.3
2.6

1.9
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.2

2.2
3.2
2.4
2.2
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1*4
2.0
2.3
1.8
2.1

1.1
1.2
2.1
1.6
2.1
1.5

1.4
1.3
2.2
1.4
1.9
1.3

1.2
1.7
2.5
1.6
2.0
1.8

NEW HIRES
1.0
2.0
2.6
2.0
2.3
1.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.6
2.1
3.4
2.1
2.4
2.6
3.5
2.3
1.5
1.9
2.5
2.2
3.0
2.0
2.0

1.6
2.5
2.7
2.0
2.7

1.8
2.3
2.1
2.2
2.4

1.3
1.5
2.0
1.9
1.8

1.0
2.0
1.7
1.5
1.3

•8
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.7

5.2
4.1
3.6
4.3
4.5
4.1

5.7
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.4
3.1

4.5
2.6
3.3
3.4
4.2
3.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
3.4
2.7
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.9
2.9
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.7
3.2
2.8
3.0
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.8
3.0
3.0

4.1
3.7
4.0
3.2
4.2

5.0
4.2
4.6
4.3
3.8

5.0
4.7
4.5
3.8
3.6

3.0
5.1
3.5
4.2
3.8

2.2
3.3
3.6
3.8
3.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.8
1.0
1.1
•9
1.1

.7
•8
.9
.7
.9
•8

.7
.7
•8
.7
.9
.7

.7
.7
•9
•6
1.0
1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.7
.8
.7
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.0
•8
•8
1.0
•8
1.1
1.2
1.1
i.i
1.0
1.1

1.2
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.7

1.5
1.7
1.9
1.6
1.9

.9
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.1

.7
.9
.7
•8
•8

.5
•6
.5
•6
.7




39.9
40.3
40.4
40.2
41.0
40.8

38.9
40.6
41.2
40.1
40.9
41.6

40.4
41.0
41.5
40.4
41.0

-4 O* Vrt 0 * 01

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

156

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

Jl
uy

August

September

October

November

December

FABRICATED PLATE WORK (BOILER SHOPS) - SIC 3443— CONTINUED
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.1
2.0
2.2
1.9

4.0
2.8
2.1
3.0
2.9
2.7

4.6
2.2
2.2
2.5
1.8
1.8

3.3
1.5
1.9
2.3
1.9
2.1

47.2
49.5
52.8
52.6
54.2
56.6

46.8
50.9
52.4
53.0
54.3
56.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
2.3
1.5
1.9
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.6
1.3
1.4
1.5
2.5
1.8
1.4
1.7
1.8
1.4
1.5
2.3
1.5
1.4

2.3
1.7
2.0
1.5
1.8

2.9
2.1
2.1
2.1
1.3

3.5
3.2
2.9
2.1
1.9

2.0
3.8
2.4
2.9
2.5

1.4
2.2
2.7
2.7
2.1

51.4
54.4
ST. 8
St. 2
59.2

52.3
53.1
57.7
58.1
58.8

51.9
52.1
57.1
57.5
58.1

51.0
52.6
55.1
57.1
57.1

49.9
53.3
54.2
56.0
56.2

5.1
5.2
5.4
5.5

5.0
5.2
5.4
5.5

4.8
5.1
5.3
5.4
5.4

4.9
5.1
5.3
5.3

5.0
5.1
5.2
5.1

38.8
41.4
44.2
44.2
45.0

39.7
40.0
44.1
44.1
44.5

39.1
39.1
43.4
43.7
43.9

38.3
39.6
41.4
43.1
42.8

37.2
40.4
40.4
42.1
42.1

SHEET METAL WORK - SIC 3444
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

49.4
53.0
55.2
55.8
56.8

48.4
49.4
52.8
52.1
54.3
55.8

47.4
53.1
53.5
54.2
56.0
58.2

48.0
54.0
55.2
55.6
57.3
59.2

49.1
56.7
56.8
57.3
58.3

49.6
57.2
56.5
57.7
58.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.0
5.1
5.3
5.3

4.6
4.8
4.8
4.9
5.0
5.0

4.9
4.8
5.1
5.2
5.3

4.9
5.0
5.1
5.1
5.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

36.9
40.1
41.8
41.8
42.8

35.9
36.6
40.0
38.1
40.2
41.3

34.8
36.9
39.8
38.7
40.3
41.2

34.6
38.1
39.4
39.2
40.5
41.2

4.5
5.1
5.1
5.2
5.4
5.3

5.1
5.2
5.4
5.5
5.4

5.2
5.2
5.5
5.5

4.8
5.3
5.2
5.4
5.4

PRODUCTION1 WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
34.7
40.1
40.2
40.4
42.1
42.7

35.5
41.0
42.0
41.5
43.3
43.7

36.7
43.8
43.4
43.1
44.2

37.0
44.1
42.9
43.6
44.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

50.93
55.76
56.68
61.22

47.04
55.20
58.32
57.99

48.24
53.29
57.34
57.96

47.80
54.82
56.50
57.45

49.32
54.41
54.28
57.82

51.34
55.49
57.01
59.45

52.16
55.93
56.71
59.32

50.79
50.44
57.32
60.08

51.57
58.48
56.76
62.60

51.73
54.26
57.39
62.95

53.10
59.39
54.49
64.83

53.17
58.32
57.06
64.00

55.43
58.81
57.35
65.83

1951
1953
19 54
1955

69.46
74.16
79.10
77.61
83.64

66.02
70.99
77.15
76.81
77.03

68.15
70.99
78.21
75.66
78.01

68.23
70.30
78.02
76.44
79.79

70.56
68.25
79.23
76.04
79.00

69.55
72.16
78.88
78.59
82.60

68.71
71.86
77.71
78.78
84.02

67.54
71.96
74.67
78.39
85.68

68.95
74.80
78.91
78.20
85.08

69.77
78.02
81.56
78.01
86.11

71.80
79.00
82.32
77.62
88.62

70.00
78.86
79.76
77.03
86.74

73.68
79.10
79.77
79.40
88.20

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

89.23
92.16
95.36
101.02
103.22

86.73
89.79
92.50
97.04
100.90

84.66
90.61
91.89
97.53
99.50

85.27
90.58
90.79
99.06
100.10

87.35
89.24
92.19
101.11
100.65

89.04
91.80
94.40
103.66
104.08

89.03
93.52
95.27
105.33
105.59

88.17
93.43
93.45
103.25
104.90

89.84
93.20
100.19
101.02
105.83

91.96
93.96
100.77
99.31
104.90

91.98
92.69
97.12
100.86
104.65

90.23
91.54
95.44
99.20
102.11

92.60
94.30
99.06
102.16
102.14

1961
1962
1963

105.30
107.73

102.14
104.94
107.73

101.12
104.81
108.13

102.68
106.53
107.06

102.94
106.92
106.66

103.83
108.53
110.57

105.78
108.65

106.90
107.73

106.08
108.92

107.68
110.27

109.56
108.79

106.90
106.67

106.25
108.68

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.267
1.401
1.457
1.519

1.197
1.343
1.458
1.483

1.197
1.339
1.459
1.471

1.195
1.357
1.445
1.473

1.200
1.350
1.463
1.475

1.246
1.370
U458
1.490

1.288
1.381
1.454
1.498

1.299
1.405
1.466
1.502

1.299
1.444
1.463
1.523

1.313
1.447
1.464
1.543

1.308
1.470
1.434
1.551

1.316
1.458
1.452
1.561

1.352
1.452
1.463
1.594

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.69
1.80
1.92
1.95
2.04

1.63
1.74
1.85
1.93
1.96

1.65
1.74
1.88
1.93
1.97

1.66
1.74
1.88
1.94
1.98

1.68
1.75
1.90
1.93
1.98

1.68
1.76
1.91
1.95
2.00

1.68
1.77
1.90
1.95
2.01

1.68
1.79
1.90
1.95
2.04

1.69
1.82
1.92
1.96
2.06

1.71
1.84
1.97
1.96
2.09

1.73
1.85
1.96
1.96
2.10

1.72
1.86
1.95
1.96
2.09

1.75
1.87
1.96
1.98
2.11

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.15
2.27
2.39
2.47
2.53

2.10
2.19
2.33
2.42
2.51

2.08
2.21
2.35
2.42
2.50

2.09
2.22
2.34
2.44
2.49

2.11
2.22
2.37
2.46
2.51

2.12
2.25
2.36
2.48
2.52

2.13
2.27
2.37
2.49
2.52

2.14
2.29
2.39
2.50
2.54

2.17
2.29
2.42
2.47
2.55

2.20
2.32
2.44
2.44
2.54

2.19
2.30
2.41
2.46
2.54

2.19
2.30
2.41
2.48
2.54

2.21
2.34
2.44
2.51
2.56

1961
1962
1963

2.60
2.66

2.56
2.65
2.70

2.56
2.64
2.71

2.58
2.65
2.69

2.58
2.64
2.68

2.57
2.66
2.71

2.58
2.65

2.62
2.66

2.60
2.65

2.62
2.67

2.64
2.66

2.62
2.66

2.63
2.69

195 2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




157

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

SHEET METAL WORK - SIC 3444— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40*2
39.8
38.9
40.3

39.3
41.1
40.0
39.1

40.3
39.8
39.3
39.4

40.0
40.4
39.1
39.0

41.1
40.3
37*1
39.2

41.2
40.5
39.1
39.9

40.5
40.5
39.0
39.6

39.1
35.9
39.1
40.0

39.7
40.5
38.8
41.1

39.4
37.5
39.2
40.8

40.6
40.4
38.0
41.8

40.4
40.0
39.3
41.0

41.0
40.5
39.2
41.3

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.1
41.2
41.2
39.8
41.0

40.5
40.8
41.7
39.8
39.3

41.3
40.8
41.6
39.2
39.6

41.1
40.4
41.5
39.4
40.3

42.0
39.0
41.7
39.4
39.9

41.4
41.0
41.3
40.3
41.3

40.9
40.6
40.9
40.4
41.8

40.2
40.2
39.3
40.2
42.0

40.8
41.1
41.1
39.9
41.3

40.8
42.4
41.4
39.8
41.2

41.5
42.7
42.0
39.6
42.2

40.7
42.4
40.9
39.3
41.5

42.1
42.3
40.7
40.1
41.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.5
40.6
39.9
40.9
40.8

41.3
41.0
39.7
40.1
40.2

40.7
41.0
39.1
40.3
39.8

40.8
40.8
38.8
40.6
40.2

41.4
40.2
38.9
41.1
40.1

42.0
40.8
40.0
41.8
41.3

41.8
41.2
40.2
42.3
41.9

41.2
40.8
39.1
41.3
41*3

41.4
40.7
41.4
40.9
41.5

41.8
40.5
41.3
40.7
41.3

42.0
40.3
40.3
41.0
41.2

41.2
39.8
39.6
40.0
40.2

41.9
40.3
40.6
40.7
39.9

1961
1962
1963

40.5
40.5

39.9
39.6
39.9

39.5
39.7
39.9

39.8
40.2
39.8

39.9
40.5
39.8

40.4
40.8
40.8

41.0
41.0

40.8
40.5

40.8
41.1

41.1
41.3

41.5
40.9

40.8
40.1

40.4
40.4

30.0
30.8
31.7
34.2
35.4

30.8
30.8
32.6
34.2
35.1

31.6
30.4
32.4
33.6
34.7

30.1
30.1
31.4
32.9
34.4

29.6
30.0
30.8
32.3
34.4

2.5
2.5
2.7
2J8

2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8

2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8

2.5
2.5
2.7
2.8

2.5
2.5
2.6
2.7

21.7
21*9
23.0
24.6
25.4

22.5
21.8
23.7
24.5
25.2

23.1
2.1.5
23.5
23.8
24.9

21.9
21.2
22.5
23.2
24.4

21.5
21.0
21.9
22.7
24.4

96.82
97.99
103.91
105.06
108.09

95.34
97.77
103.91
107.59
105.04

96.70
95.40
103.16
105.67
104.92

97.34
98.40
97.86
106.75
105.85

ARCHITECTURAL AND MISCELLANEOUS METAL WORK - SIC 3449
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

28.7
30.4
30.6
32.3
33.8

28.3
29.3
29.8
30.8
32.0
33.6

2.4
2.5
2.7
2.7

2.2
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.7

27.1
29.0
29.6
30.2
31.8
32.9

26.6
29.2
29.6
30.6
31.7
32.6

26.4
29.9
29.4
31.6
33.0
33.0

26.8
30.6
29.4
32.0
33.6
33.7

28.0
31.8
30.0
32.9
34.3

28.8
32.4
30.5
32.5
34.8

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.5
2.5
2.7
2.8

2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8

2.1
2.3
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.8

2.3
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.8

2.4
2.5
2.7
2.8

2.3
2.5
2.5
2.7
2.8

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.7
21.8
21.9
22.9
23.9

20.7
21.3
21.0
21.8
22.3
23.7

19.4
21.1
21.0
21.1
22.0
23.2

1958
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

93.90
97.36
101.09
104.04
106.49

88.88
95.04
98.31
101.45
104.78
103.62

89.15
94.72
98.21
100.69
102.03
102.70

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.33
2.41
2.49
2.55
2.61

2.25
2.37
2.47
2.53
2.60
2.61

2.28
2.38
2.48
2.53
2.57
2.60

19.0
20.7
21.3
21.6
22.0
22.7

18.8
21.7
21.0
22.2
23.0
23.2

18.8
22.4
21.0
22.6
23.7
23.8

20.1
23.2
21.4
23.3
24.4

20i8
23.9
21.9
23.0
24.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
89.70
95.60
97.42
102.11
104.12
102.96

90.00
96.32
98.21
100.80
105.82
104.15

92.80
99.29
99.94
101.66
106.60
108.24

93.90
102.24
101.93
103.91
108.84

95.88
97.11
103.83
103.98
108.05

98.77
99.22
104.67
106.24
110.09

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.30
2.39
2.46
2.54
2.59
2.60

2.29
2.39
2.48
2.52
2.60
2.63

2.32
2.41
2.48
2.51
2.60
2.64

2.33
2.44
2.48
2.51
2.61

2.35
2.44
2.49
2.53
2.61

2.38
2.42
2.51
2.56
2.64

2.35
2.39
2.51
2.55
2.63

2.36
2.42
2.51
2.58
2.60

2.37
2.44
2.51
2.59
2.61

2.38
2.46
2.49
2.61
2.62

41.5
41.0
41.7
41.5
41.7

41.2
41.0
41.4
41.2
41.1

40.4
40.4
41.4
41.7
40.4

40.8
39.1
41.1
40.8
40.2

40.9
40.0
39.3
40.9
40.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.3
40.4
40.6
40.8
40.8




39.5
40.1
39.8
40.1
40.3
39.7

39.1
39.8
39.6
39.8
39.7
39.5

39.0
40.0
39.6
40.2
40.2
39.6

39.3
40.3
39.6
40.0
40.7
39.6

40.0
41.2
40.3
40.5
41.0
41.0

40.3
41.9
41.1
41.4
41.7

40.8
39.8
41.7
41.1
41.4

158

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

ARCHITECTURAL AND MISCELLANEOUS METAL WORK - SIC 3449— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.9
4.0
4.3
4.5
4.4

2.0
4.3
3.8
3.7
4.0
2.7

2.0
3.7
4.0
4.2
2.5
2.9

2.6
5.6
3.9
5.2
4.2
3.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.5
4.1
6.3
4.6
4.9
3.6
4.3
5.4
3.6
4.4
4.9
4.7
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.5
5.2
5.8
5.4
5.3
5.9
5.8

5.9
4.1
7.0
5.7
5.1

5.0
3.9
5.6
5.1
4.3

3.7
2.7
3.8
3.8
4.5

2.3
3.2
2.7
3.4
3.6

2.8
2.7
2.8
2.2
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2*
.8
3.0
3.0
3.1

1.1
2.8
2.2
2.0
2.5
1.9

1.0
2.2
2.3
2.3
1.9
1.8

1.2
2.7
2.8
2.6
1.9
2.7

NEW HIRES
1.7
3.1
2.3
2.2
2.7
3.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
3.3
3.1
2.3
4.3
3.7
3.6
2.9
3.5
3.5
3.7
3.5
4.0
4.2
4.2
3.9

4.5
3.7
4.9
4.6
4.2

4.2
3.5
4.8
4.4
3.5

2.7
2.4
2.8
2.9
3.7

1.9
1.6
2.0
2.8
2.5

1.5
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
4.3
4.4
4.6
4.1

6.3
4.7
4.2
5.4
4.2
4.6

6.1
3.0
3.4
4.8
4.2
5.2

4.8
3.0
4.6
3.5
3.7
4.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.9
3.7
2.7
3.1
3.1
2.8
3.1
2.9
4.7
3.8
3.1
3.4
4.1
3.7
3.3
3.6
2.9
2.9
3.0
3.5
3.5
3.7

2.9
4.1
3.9
4.2
6.0

3.6
6.1
4.8
5.7
4.8

6.5
4.1
4.9
5.6
4.7

5.8
10.6
6.6
6.6
4.2

4.2
4.3
5.9
5.1
4.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.4

.8
1.0
•8
.6
.8
.8

.7
1.0
•9
.8
.9

.6
1.2
1.2
.8
1.3

1.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
2.7

1.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
2.5

1.2
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.5

•8
.9
•8
1.3
.9

.5
.8
.6
.7
•8

1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
.7
.7
.9
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.1
•8
.9
1.2
1.1
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.4
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
2.4
2.7
2.9
2.1

4.8
3.1
2.5
4.2
2.9
3.3

5.0
1.3
2.0
3.5
3.1
2.9

3.9
1.3
3.1
2.4
2.0
2.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
2.6
2.0
1.4
.9
1.3
1.1
1.1
li7
3.2
1.8
2.2
1.4
2.2
2.2
2.1
1.0
•9
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.6

1.2
1.2
1.5
2.2
2.5

1.4
3.2
1.7
2.7
1.3

4.8
2.6
3.2
3.5
2.5

4.7
8.9
4.9
4.8
2.6

3.4
3.2
4.9
3.7
3.5

75.5
86.6
84.9
82.3
87.6

78.4
87.8
85.1
82.7
87.7

81.1
87.9
84.9
84.1
88.2

82.9
88.3
83.7
85.6
88.4

84.0
89.1
81.5
86.3
88.5

18.1
16.8
16.5
17.8

18.2
16.7
16.6
17.8

16.9
18.0
16.9
17.1
17.9

18.1
16.8
17.6
17.9

18.2
16.4
17.6
17.9

58.7
68.6
66.3
64.3
68.9

61.4
69.8
66.5
64.8
69.1

63.9
69.7
66.4
66.1
69.6

65.6
70.0
65.3
67.5
69.7

66.7
70.7
63.4
68.2
69.9

93.15
96.14
92.83
101.02
107.18

93.56
95.91
94.87
102.09
104.75

94.02
93.66
93.69
104.06
106.09

95.79
97.21
92.90
106.14
108.46

1.0

SCREW MACHINE PRODUCTS* BOLTS* ETC. - SIC 345
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

77.9
87.1
87.2
82.1
87.9

83.2
84.1
91.4
81.5
86.9
88.4

80.2
83.4
92.0
80.8
88.1
88.8

77.8
85.9
91.6
79.8
88.2
88.9

74.6
87.9
90.5
79.4
88.5
88.3

72.5
88.8
88.4
80.3
88.1
88.5

73.1
89.3
87.8
81.7
87.8

71.2
86.2
85.1
81.1
86.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

18.1
17.5
16.6
17.9

17.4
17.7
18.5
16.4
17.7
17.7

17.4
18.8
16.2
18.0
17.8

18.0
18.5
16.1
18.1
17.6

15.1
18.4
18.1
15.9
18.4
17.5

18.5
17.6
16.2
18.0
17.5

18.5
17.6
16.5
17.9

14.6
17*9
16.9
16.6
17.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

60.9
69.4
68.6
64.1
69.4

65.9
67.0
72.6
63.2
68.7
69.9

63.3
66.4
73.0
62.8
69.6
70.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

87.52
97.06
95.18
98.49
106.00

85.93
95.99
98.23
93.14
105.83
108.46

83.59
97.06
99.30
93.06
105.83
107.19

60.7
68.8
72.7
61.9
69.8
70.1

57.8
70.5
71.6
61.4
70.0
69.7

55.7
71.2
69.5
62.6
69.7
69.8

56.0
71.7
69.0
63.7
69.4

54.5
68.5
66.5
63.1
68.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE MEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




82.68
99.10
98.88
93.77
105.90
106.26

79.49
99.33
94.30
94.01
105.65
105.08

80.94
99.53
95.18
96.96
104.90
108.38

84.10
98.87
94.94
99.22
105.58

85.58
96.60
93.83
97.77
104.33

89.20
95.72
94*54
99.14
105.00

159

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yuar

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

July

J im ,

August

Suptumbur

October

Nov,mb,r December

SCREW MACHINE PRODUCTS, BOLTS, ETC. - SIC 345— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.21
2.30
2.35
2.42
2.50

2.17
2.28
2.35
2.37
2.49
2.54

2.16
2.30
2.37
2.38
2.49
2.54

2.17
2.31
2.36
2.38
2.48
2.53

2.16
2.31
2.34
2.38
2.48
2.52

2.17
2.32
2.35
2.40
2.48
2.55

2.19
2.31
2.35
2.42
2.49

2.20
2.30
2.34
2.42
2.49

2.23
2.29
2.34
2.43
2.50

2.25
2.30
2.35
2.44
2.51

2.26
2.30
2.36
2.46
2.50

2.26
2.29
2.36
2.46
2.52

2.27
2.32
2.37
2.48
2.54

41.4
41.8
39.5
41.4
42.7

41.4
41.7
40.2
41.5
41.9

41.6
40.9
39.7
42.3
42.1

42.2
41.9
39.2
42.8
42.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.6
42.2
40.5
40.7
42.4

39.6
42.1
41.8
39.3
42.5
42.7

38.7
42.2
41.9
39.1
42.5
42.2

38.1
42.9
41.9
39.4
42.7
42.0

36.8
43.0
40.3
39.5
42.6
41.7

37.3
42.9
40.5
40.4
42.3
42.5

38.4
42.8
40.4
41.0
42.4

38.9
42.0
40.1
40.4
41.9

40.0
41.8
40.4
40*8
42.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
3.6
2.5
2.6
4.0

1.7
3.4
3.7
1*8
4.3
4.0

1.4
3.7
3.9
1.6
4.4
3.9

1.0
4.1
3.3
1.9
4.1
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
3.5
2.4
3.5
3.3

1.5
3.4
3.6
3.0
4.3
3.2

1.5
3.8
2.8
2.4
3.0
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.8
1.6
2.2
2.6

•6
2.6
2.5
1.4
3.5
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
3.1
3.8
2.9
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
3.3
1.8
2.5
3.6

2.2
3.5
2.3
2.7
3.6

3.1
3.3
2.0
3.0
4.2

3.1
3.2
2.2
3.1
3.6

3.2
3.0
1.9
3.6
3.7

3.4
3.5
1.7
4.2
4.3

1.4
4.2
2.1
2.7
3.1
2.3

ACCESSIONS PER TOO EMPLOYEES
2.3
2.4
4.2
3.8
4,2
3.3
4.1
2.7
2.0
2.4
2.7
2.6
2.9
3.6
4.0
4.0
4.1
3.1
3.0
4.0
2.9
2.9

4.5
3.7
2.8
4.2
3.8

5.5
3.6
2.2
4.4
3.2

4.4
3.2
2.2
4.2
3.3

3.5
3.0
1.9
3.9
2.5

2.9
2.9
1.7
2.9
1.9

•6
2.7
2.3
1.4
2.4
2.3

.7
3.3
1.6
1.4
2.5
1.8

NEW HIRES
.7
3.5
1.4
1.7
2.5
2.2

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•8
1.0
1.3
2.4
2.9
3.3
1.6
1.6
1,5
1.6
2.3
1.8
2.4
3.2
2.5
2.2

1.8
3.2
1.8
3.0
2.8

3.1
3.1
1.5
2.9
2.8

2.6
2.7
1.4
3.1
2.8

2.2
2.5
1.1
3.2
2.0

1.8
1.9
.7
2.1
1.3

5.6
3.4
2.4
3.5
3.2
2.9

5.0
2.3
2.6
3.6
3.0
2.6

5.8
2.6
4.3
3.2
3.7
2.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
5.3
3.8
2.4
2.2
2.9
2.9
2.7
2,6
4.5
3.8
3.3
3.7
2,5
2.5
2.6
2.2
3.1
3.9
3.4
3.7
2.8
3.2

2,6
3.8
4,6
3.0
4.3

2,3
3.7
5.0
3.6
3.5

2.3
4.1
4.2
2.6
3.0

1.7
3.3
3.3
2.8
2.6

1.9
2.4
3.8
2.3
2.0

•8
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.5

.7
1.1
1.3
•8
1.4
1.1

•5
1.1
1.2
.7
1.3
1.1

•4
1.1
1.3
•8
1.8
1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.7
.7
.7
1.3
1,4
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.6
li
«7
1.4
1.4
1.3

1.1
2.1
1,3
1.6
2,2

1.3
2.4
1.6
2.1
2.0

1.1
1.5
1.0
1.4
1.5

•9
1.3
.7
1.3
1.2

.7
1.0
.6
1.2
.7

2.2
1.0
2.0
1.1
1.2

4.4
1.8
•6
2.1
1.1
1.2

4.1
.8
.9
2.4
1.0
.9

5.0
•8
2.4
2.0
1.3
•8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4,5
2.7
1.3
1.2
.7
•6
•5
.5
2.0
2.5
2.1
1.5
.9
.8
.7
l.l
1.6
1.1
1.7
1.1
•8
1,2

1.2
•8
2.6
.8
1,3

.6
.7
2.4
•8
•8

.7
1.9
2.7
•6
1.0

•4
1.4
2.0
•8
1.0

•8
.9
2.8
•6
.8

31.3
38.6
36.5
36,1
38.3

33.1
39.6
37.4
36.2
38.6

34.4
39.7
37.5
36.7
38.7

35.2
39.8
36.9
37.4
38.5

35.8
40.0
36.0
37.7
38.4

1.0
4.2
2.3
1.7
4.1
3.1

1.1
4.3
2.3
2.1
3.8
3.8

1.3
4.2
2.2
2.5
4.0

SCREW MACHINE PRODUCTS - SIC 3451
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

32.5
38.1
38.1
36.0
38.4




34.5
36.0
40.4
35.9
37.9
38.3

33.1
35.0
40.3
35.8
38.6
38.3

32.0
37.0
39.9
35.2
38.5
38.3

30.6
37.9
39.6
34.6
38.7
38,2

30.1
38.2
38.4
34.8
38,5
38.4

30.4
38.2
38.1
35.6
38.1

29.5
36.6
36.4
35.5
38.1

160

Y*ar

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

SCREW MACHINE PRODUCTS - SIC 3651— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

8.6
8.2
8.0
8.8

7.6
8.2
8.8
7.9
8.7
8.5

8.0
8.8
7.9
8.9
8.5

8.5
8.6
7.8
9.0
8.4

6.6
8.7
8.4
7.7
9.1
8.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

26.8
32.1
31.8
30.0
32.4

28.8
30.3
34.0
29.7
32.0
32.3

27.5
29.3
33.7
29.8
32.6
32.2

26.3
31.2
33.5
29.2
32.5
32.3

8.8
8.1
7.7
8.9
8.3

8.7
8.2
7.9
8.7

6.5
8.3
7.8
8.1
8.5

8.7
7.6
7.9
8.6

8.8
7.9
8.0
8.7

7.8
8.7
8.0
8.3
8.8

8.7
8.1
8.6
8.7

8.8
8.0
8.6
8.7

25.8
32.6
30.3
30.2
32J2

27.3
33.5
31.1
30.3
32.6

28.5
33.6
31.3
30.8
32.5

29.4
33.6
30.7
31.5
32.3

30.1
33.7
29.9
31.7
32.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
25.1
32.1
33.2
28.6
32.7
32.2

24.5
32.3
32.1
29.0
32.6
32.3

24.6
32.4
31.8
29.6
32.2

24.0
30.8
30.3
29.6
32.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.82
76.50
81.27
75.53
83.22

72.21
76.82
81*60
75.84
78.44

73.62
77.45
82.34
76.02
81.16

73.28
76.94
84.35
74.70
81.53

74.06
75.10
84.17
72.36
81.59

74.36
75.54
83.44
74.21
82.72

75.80
74.76
83.45
74.03
83.10

73.22
68.39
80.18
72.04
80.04

73.84
72.41
79.20
72.72
80.89

74.46
77.16
77.83
75.35
82.84

77.49
79.28
78.44
76.54
86.46

75.74
80.50
78.81
79.18
87.61

77.32
82.37
78.81
80.29
88.34

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

85.77
88.20
84.40
92.00
91.21

87.17
89.84
82.95
90.50
93.88

86.97
90.46
81.72
90.71
93.88

84.63
89.84
81.09
92.88
94.33

84.87
89.44
79.66
92.02
90.32

84.28
87.77
80.26
92.44
92.25

82.52
87.57
82.92
92.87
91.43

82.76
86.74
83.39
90.72
89.06

83.56
86.74
84.42
90.49
90.80

85.43
87.57
86.51
91.12
88.93

87.29
87.77
88.17
91.54
90.72

87.13
86.71
87.76
91.76
90.27

90.02
86.93
90.31
93.93
88.65

1961
1962
1963

93.66
100.30

90.85
99.45
102.72

90.97
99.41
100.38

90.80
100.58
99.90

90.17
101.05
100.14

93.02
100.77
103.52

94.12
99.88

93.02
99.30

94.12
100.25

93.43
101.15

94.94
99.59

97.90
99.54

100.15
102.96

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.63
1.70
1.81
1.82
1.90

1.58
1.67
1.77
1.81
1.85

1.59
1.68
1.79
1.81
1.87

1.60
1.68
1.81
1.80
1.87

1.61
1.68
1.81
1.80
1.88

1.62
1.69
1.81
1.81
1.88

1.63
1.68
1.83
1.81
1.88

1.62
1.64
1.81
1.81
1.87

1.63
1.68
1.80
1.80
1.89

1.64
1.73
1.81
1.82
1.90

1.67
1.75
1.82
1.84
1.93

1.65
1.75
1.82
1.85
1.96

1.67
1.76
1.82
1.85
1.95

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.99
2.09
2.11
2.18
2.23

1.95
2.07
2.10
2.16
2.23

1.95
2.07
2.09
2.17
2.23

1.95
2.07
2.09
2.17
2.23

1.96
2.08
2.08
2.16
2.23

1.96
2.07
2.09
2.17
2.25

1.96
2.08
2.11
2.18
2.23

1.98
2.08
2.09
2.16
2.21

1.98
2.09
2*10
2.17
2.22

2.01
2.10
2.11
2.18
2.24

2.03
2.12
2.14
2.19
2.24

2.05
2.12
2.13
2.19
2.24

2.06
2.11
2.14
2.21
2.25

1961
1962
1963

2.29
2.36

2.26
2.34
2.40

2.28
2.35
2.39

2.27
2.35
2.39

2.26
2.35
2.39

2.28
2*36
2.43

2.29
2.35

2.28
2.37

2.29
2.37

2.29
2.38

2.31
2.36

2.32
2.37

2.34
2.40

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

45.9
45.0
44.9
41.5
43.8

45.7
46.0
46.1
41.9
42.4

46.3
46.1
46.0
42.0
43.4

45.8
45.8
46.6
41.5
43.6

46.0
44.7
46.5
40.2
43.4

45.9
44.7
46.1
41.0
44.0

46.5
44.5
45.6
40.9
44.2

45.2
41.7
44.3
39.8
42.8

45.3
43.1
44.0
40.4
42.8

45.4
44.6
43.0
41.4
43.6

46.4
45.3
43.1
41.6
44.8

45.9
46.0
43.3
42.8
44.7

46.3
46.8
43.3
43.4
45.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

43.1
42.2
40.0
42.2
40.9

44.7
43.4
39.5
41.9
42.1

44.6
43.7
39.1
41.8
42.1

43.4
43.4
38.8
42.8
42.3

43.3
43.0
38.3
42.6
40.5

43.0
42.4
38.4
42.6
41.0

42.1
42.1
39.3
42.6
41.0

41.8
41.7
39.9
42.0
40.3

42.2
41.5
40.2
41.7
40.9

42.5
41.7
41.0
41.8
39.7

43.0
41.4
41.2
41.8
40.5

42.5
40.9
41.2
41.9
40.3

43.7
41.2
42.2
42.5
39.4

1961
1962
1963

40.9
42.5

40.2
42.5
42.8

39.9
42.3
42.0

40.0
42.8
41.8

39.9
43.0
41.9

40.8
42.7
42.6

41.1
42.5

40.8
41.9

41.1
42.3

40.8
42.5

41.1
42.2

42.2
42.0

42.8
42.9

44.2
48.0
48.4
46.2
49.3

45.3
48.2
47.7
46.5
49.1

46.7
48.2
47.4
47.4
49.5

47.7
48.5
46.8
48.2
49.9

48.2
49.1
45.5
48.6
50.1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

BOLTS* NUTS* SCREWS* RIVETS* AND WASHERS - SIC 3452
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

45.4
49.1
49.1
46.2
49.5




48.7
48.1
51.0
45.6
49.0
50.1

47.1
48.4
51.7
45.0
49.5
50.5

45.8
48.9
51.7
44.6
49.7
50.6

44.0
50.0
50.9
44.8
49.8
50.1

42.4
50.6
50.0
45.5
49.6
50.1

42.7
51.1
49.7
46.1
49.7

41.7
49.6
48.7
45.6
48.6

161

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

BOLTS, NUTS, SCREWS, RIVETS, AND WASHERS - SIC 3452— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

9.5
9.3
8.6
9.1

9.8
9.5
9.7
8.5
9.0
9.2

9.4
10.0
8.3
9.1
9.3

8.5
9.7
9.7
8.2
9.3
9.1

9.5
9.9
8.3
9.1
9.2

9.7
9.5
8.5
9.1
9.2

9.8
9.4
8.6
9.2

9.4
9.2
8.6
9.2

9.4
8.8
8.6
9.1

9.1
9.3
8.9
8.8
9.1

9.4
8.7
9.0
9.2

9.4
8.4
9.0
9.2

32.9
36.0
36.0
34.1
36.7

34.1
36.3
35.4
34.5
36.5

35.4
36.1
35.1
35.3
37.1

36.2
36.4
34.6
36.0
37.4

36.6
37.0
33.5
36.5
37.6

8.1
9.6
9.1
8.5
9.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN fHOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

34.0
37.3
36.7
34.1
37.0

37.1
36.7
38.6
33.5
36.7
37.6

35.8
37.1
39.3
33.0
37.0
38.0

34.4
37.6
39.2
32.7
37.3
37.8

32.7
38.4
38.4
32.8
37.3
37.5

31.2
38.9
37.4
33.6
37.1
37.5

31.4
39.3
37.2
34.1
37.2

30.5
37.7
36.2
33.5
36.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

74.46
73.25
79.61
76.57
88.71

73.15
72.68
79.61
74.40
85.93

73.58
74.73
79. 61
76.33
85.54

76.10
74.65
82.14
74.05
86.76

75.14
71.06
81.22
72.91
87.56

73.35
71.14
82.21
73.30
86.57

76.10
67.55
81.47
74.07
88.00

72.50
66.92
78.68
73.53
86.63

73.35
69.55
78.73
74.66
88.13

74.73
73.04
77.42
77.93
90.46

74.46
78.12
77.04
79.32
93.87

72.93
77.76
76.26
81.29
91.10

76.54
80.26
77.61
83.85
93.21

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

88.83
91.49
90.39
101.70
98.89

91.10
91.14
88.31
100.67
102.09

89.65
92.01
85.25
102.00
103.42

88.40
91.56
83.85
104.06
102.75

87.35
90.69
79.61
105.46
97.44

86.53
90.03
81.76
105.84
97.84

84.46
90.23
84.98
104.06
97.51

83.64
90.86
87.25
101.64
97.76

85.69
90.80
92.97
100.80
97.76

90. 74
92.29
98.41
100.32
96.29

91.81
93.11
98.18
99.84
99.20

90.30
92.89
99.54
94.96
96.58

93.09
89.87
100.67
99.95
96.33

1961
1962
1963

102.47
110.83

95.10
111.09
112.89

94.85
111.61
112.52

96.86
110.50
111.57

97.36
109.56
109.56

100.65
108.78
113.05

103.89
110.40

101.85
108.94

103.53
109.10

107.68
112.99

107.84
108.99

108.71
111.14

111.28
113.32

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.70
1.74
1.86
1.90
2.03

1.67
1.71
1.83
1.86
1.98

1.68
1.71
1.83
1.88
1.98

1.71
1.72
1.85
1.87
1.99

1.70
1.70
1.85
1.86
1.99

1.69
1.71
1.86
1.87
1.99

1.71
1.71
1.86
1.88
2.00

1.69
1.69
1.86
1.90
2.01

1.69
1.73
1.87
1.89
2.04

1.71
1.76
1.87
1.91
2.07

1.70
1.80
1.87
1.93
2.10

1.70
1.80
1.86
1.94
2.08

1.72
1.82
1.87
1.95
2.09

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.10
2.21
2.30
2.41
2.46

2.08
2.17
2.23
2.38
2.46

2.08
2.17
2.22
2.40
2.48

2.08
2.18
2.23
2.42
2.47

2.07
2.18
2.23
2.43
2.43

2.08
2*18
2.24
2.45
2.44

2.06
2.19
2.26
2.42
2.45

2.04
2.20
2.29
2.42
2.45

2.09
2.22
2.33
2.40
2.45

2.13
2.24
2.36
2.40
2.45

2.15
2.26
2.36
2.40
2.48

2.15
2.26
2.37
2.38
2.47

2.17
2.23
2.38
2.42
2.47

1961
1962
1963

2.53
2.62

2.47
2.62
2.65

2.47
2.62
2.66

2.49
2.60
2.65

2.49
2.59
2.64

2.51
2.59
2.66

2.54
2.61

2.54
2.60

2.55
2.61

2.57
2.64

2.58
2.62

2.57
2.64

2.60
2.66

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.8
42.1
42.8
40.3
43.7

43.8
42.5
43.5
40.0
43.4

43.8
43.7
43.5
40.6
43.2

44.5
43.4
44.4
39.6
43.6

44.2
41.8
43.9
39.2
44.0

43.4
41.6
44.2
39.2
43.5

44.5
39.5
43.8
39.4
44.0

42*9
39.6
42.3
38.7
43.1

43.4
40.2
42.1
39.5
43.2

43.7
41.5
41.4
40.8
43.7

43.8
43.4
41.2
41.1
44.7

42.9
43.2
41.0
41.9
43.8

44.5
44.1
41.5
43.0
44.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.3
41.4
39.3
42.2
40.2

43.8
42.0
39.6
42.3
41.5

43.1
42.4
38.4
42.5
41.7

42.5
42.0
37.6
43.0
41.6

42.2
41.6
35.7
43.4
40.1

41.6
41.3
36.5
43.2
40.1

41.0
41.2
37.6
43.0
39.8

41.0
41.3
38.1
42.0
39.9

41.0
40.9
39.9
42.0
39.9

42.6
41.2
41.7
41.8
39.3

42.7
41.2
41.6
41.6
40.0

42.0
41.1
42.0
39.9
39.1

42.9
40.3
42.3
41.3
39.0

1961
1962
1963

40.5
42.3

38.5
42.4
42.6

38.4
42.6
42.3

38.9
42.5
42.1

39.1
42.3
41.5

40.1
42.0
42.5

40.9
42.3

40.1
41.9

40.6
41.8

41.9
42.8

41.8
41.6

42.3
42.1

42.8
42.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
2.7
1.9
2.7
2.6

1.0

1.0

1.0

2.5
3.5
1.8
3.4
2.9

2.9
2.0
1.6
2.7
2.4

3.3
1.7
2.4
2.3
1.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.8
3.3
3.2
3.6
2.7
3.7
2.1
1.8
1.5
1.6
2.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
2.1
2.3
3.6
3.1
2.2
2.0
2.2

4.3
2.8
1.9
2.9
2.7

4.4
2.4
1.7
3.5
2.4

3.5
2.3
2.0
3.5
2.7

2.6
2.2
1.8
2.6
2.2

2.1
2.4
1.1
2.1
1.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




162

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

BOLTS* NUTS* SCREWS* RIVETS* AND WASHERS - SIC 3452--C0NTINUED
NEW HIRES PER 100 ENPLOYEES
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1 .1
2 .2
1 .2
1 .5
2 .1

•5
1 .6
2 .0
.7
2 .7
2 .2

.5
2 .1
1 .6
.7
2 .2
2 .0

.4
2 .7
1 .4
1 .1
1 .8
1 .1

•9
1 .8
1 .1
1 .0
2 .0

1 .5
2 .5
1 .3
1 .9
2 .2

2 .4
2 .1
1 .0
2 .3
2 .2

2 .2
2 .0
1 .1
2 .4
2 .2

1 .6
1 .9
1 .0
2 .1
1 .8

1 .3
1 .2
.5
1 .3
1 .2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2/4
3.0
2.1
2.5

4.9
1.8
1.9
2.5
2.6
2.3

4.1
1.8
2.0
3.1
2.4
1.9

5.5
1.7
2.6
2.3
2.9
1.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
4.0
2.8
1.7
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.0
2.1
3.7
2.5
2.9
2.4
1.6
1.8
1*8
1.8
2.4
3.0
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.1

1.9
3.3
4.7
2.3
3.1

1.7
3.1
4.4
2.6
3.3

1.9
3.9
3.0
2.0
2.2

1.4
2.7
2.6
2.0
1.7

1.2
2.2
2.7
1.5
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.2
1.0
•8
1.2

.7
•8
1.2
•6
1.0
.9

.5
•8
1.0
•5
1.0
.9

•4
•8
.9
.6
1.2
.9

QUITS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
•5
•5
•6
.7
1.0
1.3
1.3
1.2
.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
.7
.7
.7
.7
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1

.9
1.8
1.2
1.3
1*9

1.0
2.2
1.3
1.5
1.9

1.0
1.2
.8
1.1
1.1

.7
1.1
.6
.8
.9

.5
.9
•4
.7
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
.7
1.6
.9
•8

3.6
.5
•5
1.5
1.1
.8

3.2
•6
.7
2.2
.8
.5

4.7
•6
1.3
1.3
1.1
•5

LAYOFFS PER 100 ENPLOYEES
•6
1.9
*8
3.2
•4
•3
•2
•2
1.0
1.5
1.1
2.2
•6
.7
•4
m
8
.8
1.3
•8
.8
•6
1.1

.7
1.0
2.8
•6
.6

•3
.5
2.7
•6
•8

.5
2.3
1.8
.4
.5

.3
1.2
1.6
•8
•4

.4
.9
1.9
•4
.4

157.1
181*5
182.1
173*6
180.6

168.6
197.2
195.7
176.7
193.8

163.5
194.6
197.1
180.6
197.1

186.1
177.5
194.5
191.3
197.1

186.1
196.7
187.0
190.3
197.9

34.7
33.6
31*9
33.7

36.5
34.7
33.0
35.0

32.4
36.2
34.5
33.9
35.4

33.8
33.5
34.7
35.4

35.2
31.9
34.1
35.1

121*5
145.6
146*0
139.4
143.7

132.7
161.2
158*8
141.1
156*8

127.7
158.3
160.3
144.2
159.7

150.9
141.4
157.9
156.1
160.0

151.1
160.8
151.0
154.8
160.8

90.57
103.42
107.38
106.24
112.56

96.80
99.06
102.29
108.68
113.55

103.64
111.20
101.39
111.72
113.82

2.27
2.48
2.60
2.56
2.68

2.39
2.44
2.57
2.60
2.71

2.45
2.58
2.58
2.66
2.71

•4
2 .9
1 .0
1 .1
1 .7
1 .6

•6
2 .3
1 .1
1 .4
2 .0
1 .5

.8
3 .0
1 .3
1 .5
2 .7

NETAL STANPIN6S - SIC 346
ALL ENPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

171.2
188.4
195.4
177.2
190.4

192.8
187.5
203.9
180.8
189.5
196.1

181.1
184.4
208.7
170.7
186.8
193.1

172.0
188.9
204.0
166.6
187.9
192.7

165.1
187.5
197.2
171.7
189.1
194.4

162.2
189.3
196.0
179.1
191.5
196.1

162.2
190.3
194.5
177.7
188.6

157.4
185.5
184.4
167.2
184.7

FENALE ENPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
32.9
35.5
34.7
30.5
34.8
35.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

35.5
34.4
32.0
34.5

36.8
35.7
35.5
31.4
34.0
34.9

35.2
36.0
30.1
33.8
34.9

35.9
35.4
30.0
34.5
34.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

134.1
152.8
158.9
142.0
153.8

152.1
152.2
167.4
144.5
154.0
158.9

141.0
149.0
172.2
135.3
150.7
155.9

133.0
153.4
167.2
131.9
151.9
155.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

92.00
104.33
108.16
105.41
111.76

85.25
98.09
115.28
99.71
108.24
113.01

85.19
98.33
111.37
101.12
108.77
113.15

36.2
34.6
31.6
35.2
36.2

36.3
34.9
31.5
34.1

30.9
35.0
33.5
30.7
33.3

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
127.3
152.2
160.9
136.9
152.9
157.4

125.2
154.1
159.4
144.4
155.1
158.9

125.7
154.9
158.2
142.8
152.5

121.5
150.3
148.0
132.4
147*8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
89.33
102.75
108.45
102.54
110.66
113.57

90.74
104.16
104.34
105.97
110.92
112.06

92.40
105.50
109.25
107.94
113.25
116.47

92.46
106.68
109.62
108.05
111.72

92.69
104.75
106.37
107.83
109.62

90.68
109.22
109.72
105.88
111.87

94.85
107.10
112.89
97.64
112.56

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.30
2.49
2.60
2.59
2.68




2.22
2.41
2.62
2.55
2.64
2.71

2.23
2.44
2.59
2.56
2.64
2.72

2.25
2.47
2.57
2.57
2.66
2.73

2.28
2.48
2.57
2.61
2.66
2.72

2.31
2.50
2.62
2.62
2.69
2.76

2.30
2.51
2.61
2.61
2.66

2.30
2.50
2.62
2.63
2.70

2.29
2.54
2.60
2.57
2.67

2.28
2.52
2.65
2.51
2.68

163

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Y*or

Annual
Avuragu

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

JuiM

J
uly

August

September

October

Novumbar

December

METAL STAMPINGS - SIC 346— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.0
41.9
41*6
40.7
41.7

38.4
40.7
44.0
39.1
41.0
41.7

38.2
40.3
43.0
39.5
41.2
41.6

39.7
41.6
42.2
39.9
41.6
41.6

39.8
42.0
40.6
40.6
41.7
41.2

40.0
42.2
41.7
41.2
42.1
42.2

40.2
42.5
42.0
41.4
42.0

40.3
41.9
40.6
41.0
40.6

39.6
43.0
42.2
41.2
41.9

41.6
42.5
42.6
38.9
42.0

39.9
41.7
41.3
41.5
42.0

40.5
40.6
39.8
41.8
41.9

42.3
43.1
39.3
42.0
42.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
2.5
3.9
3.3
3.3
3.2

2.9
5.2
4.3
3.2
3.7

3.1
4.8
4.5
3.5
4.1

3.6
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.8

3.6
2.9
2.1
3.7
3.8

4.2
4.8
2.1
3.7
3.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.5
3.4
5.3
5.2
4.4
4.8
4.2
4.2
4.6
3.6
3.0
3.3
4.6
6.4
3.8
5.9
4.1
4.7
4.2
3.5
3.9
4.2

9.7
11.2
9.1
10.0
8.9

9.4
7.2
6.6
7.5
5.4

6.1
4.3
5.0
5.7
4.3

4.3
9.3
2.9
3.9
2.9

3.5
10.8
3.2
2.8
2.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•8
1.0
.9
2.5
1.8
2.1
1.6
.9
1.2
1.1
1.3
1.7
2.1
2.0
1.3
1.9

1.7
3.5
2.0
3.0
1.9

2.7
3.5
2.6
3.1
2.5

2.2
1.6
2.5
2.6
2.3

1.8
1.1
1.0
1.7
1.6

1.6
2.8
•8
1.2
1.1

5.9
4.4
7.6
7.2
4.3
3.8

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
7.6
5.8
5.1
8.3
3.9
4.1
4.0
7.3
5.0
3.8
4.9
7.2
2.8
5.1
9.1
8.3
3.5
5.2
3.2
11*1
3.8
3.7

6.0
6.1
6.3
5.5
4.9

4.2
5.1
5.6
4.3
4.1

4.4
13.3
5.8
4.4
4.2

3.5
8.5
5.6
4.4
3.7

3.2
3.3
14.4
7.1
3.1

•6
•8
1.0
.4
•8
•6

.5
1.0
.9
•5
.9
•8

QUITS 1
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.6
•6
1.2
1.0
1.1
.9
1.0
•8
•6
•6
.6
.9
.9
1.1
•8
1.0

.5
•9
.7
.8
•8

*8
1.3
1.0
1*2
1.3

1.0
1.4
1.2
1.7
1.4

1.0
1.0
.7
1.2

•8
•8
.5
•8
.9

.7
•8
•4
.7
.5

6.7
1.8
2.7
9.0
3.3
2.2

4.8
2.6
6.1
6.2
2.6
2.5

Layoffs PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.5
7.3
6.5
4.1
5.5
2.1
2.1
2.3
3.5
2.3
3.6
6.0
3.6
1.7
6.9
7*4
1.6
1.7
3.5
9.4
2.1
2.2

4*7
4.0
4.8
3.4
2.7

2.6
2.8
3.8
1.9
2.1

2.7
11.5
4.3
2.5
2.3

2.3
7.3
4.6
3.1
2.2

2.0
1.8
13.5
5.7
2.0

54.8
62.0
63.0
63.3
67.6

57.7
64.6
63.8
65.2
69.1

59.5
65.6
65.0
66.1
69.8

60.0
65.7
63.8
65.5
70.4

60.2
65.5
61.8
64.9
67.9

11.8
10.8
11.4
12*1

12.3
11.4
11.5
12.3

10.8
12.3
11.9
12.2
12.7

12.0
11.8
12.2
12.7

11.7
11.3
11.8
12.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
3.8
3.8
2.9
3.5

1.7
2.7
5.6
1.7
3.1
3.4

1.9
2.9
4.8
1.8
3.2
3.2

2.0
3.5
3.9
1.9
3.4
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.2
6.1
4.6
6.1
4.5

3.8
3.8
6.7
9.1
4.4
3.3

3.1
3.6
4.1
3.3
4.5
2.8

3.9
4.9
3.6
10.7
4.5
3.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.2
1.7
1.6
1.8

1.1
1.6
3.2
.9
2.0
1.5

•8
1.7
2.4
.5
1.4
1.2

•6
2.1
1.3
•8
1.5
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.2
5.6
6.2
6.8
4.9

12.0
4.0
3.3
13.2
6.9
4.2

7.9
3.3
4.4
10.0
5.0
3.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.0
.9
•8
1.0

•8
.9
1.1
•5
•8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.9
3.9
4.7
5.3
3.2

10.6
2.4
1.6
12.2
5.3
2.8

2.5
3*6
3.2
2.4
3.3
3.0

NEW HIRES
.7
2*5
1.0
1.0
1.6
1.6

2.2
3.8
3.8
2.7
3.6
3.7

2.2
4.2
3.7
3.0
3.4

1.0

COATING* ENGRAVING* AND ALLIED SERVICES - SIC 347
ALL EMPLOYEES — IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

56.0
63.2
64.2
62.5
67.2

57.0
60.4
64.8
59.2
63.3
66.8

11.6
11.4
11.5
12.1

10.1
11.0
11.3
10.9
11.7
12.2

55.8
61.0
66.1
58.7
64.4
67.1

54.5
61.4
65.9
59.1
65.7
66.9

53.3
62.4
65.1
60.7
66.6
68.7

53.0
62.7
64.6
62.4
66.7
69.7

53.3
63.7
64.5
63.2
68.3

52.6
62.8
62.4
62.0
67.0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963




11.0
11.7
11.1
11.6
12.2

11.2
11.6
11.2
11.7
11.8

9.7
11.5
11.5
11.0
11.7
12.0

11.4
11.4
11.4
11.9
11.9

11.4
11.4
11.4
11.9

9.3
11.4
10.8
11.4
12.0

16*

Y*ar

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

COATING* ENGRAVING* AND ALLIED SERVICES - SIC 347— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

47,0
53*3
53,8
51.8
56.1

47.0
51.1
54.5
48.7
52.5
55.5

46.6
51.6
55.5
48.3
53.4
55.4

45.5
52.0
55.5
48.7
54.5
55.3

44.2
52*7
54.4
50.3
55.5
56.9

44.1
53.4
54.4
51.9
55.7
57.6

44.5
54.3
53.9
52.4
57.2

43.7
53.0
52.3
51.3
55.7

45.5
51.6
52.9
52.4
56.1

48.7
54.2
53.4
54.3
57.9

50.7
55.1
54.6
55.2
58.6

51.3
55.5
53.2
54.6
59.0

51.8
55.1
51.3
53.8
56.7

83.64
82.61
86. 86
92.84
92.55

84.87
83.20
86.24
91.98
93.79

86.31
85.28
84.16
91.88
92.70

83.84
83.42
81.70
93.60
93.98

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

81.80
84.46
66.43
90.32
93.34

79.60
83.84
86.27
84.80
92.97
92.39

77.80
84.05
86.69
85.41
92.57
91.53

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.04
2.06
2.15
2.23
2.26

2.01
2.04
2.13
2.18
2.29
2.27

2.00
2.06
2.13
2.19
2.28
2.26

79.99
83.84
86.88
87.96
93.94
94.12

78.78
86.11
84.77
89.28
95.49
92.80

79.80
87.15
87.51
89.51
94.02
95.63

80.99
87.57
87.70
91.43
95.57

82.39
83.58
87.64
90.72
91.62

82.59
81.59
88.32
91.43
90.94

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - (N DOLLARS
2.02
2.06
2.14
2.21
2.28
2.29

2.02
2.09
2.13
2.21
2.29
2.28

2.01
2.10
2.15
2.21
2.26
2.31

2.04
2.11
2.16
2.23
2.27

2.07
2.10
2.18
2.24
2.24

2.07
1.99
2.17
2.23
2.24

2.06
2.01
2.15
2.27
2.23

2.06
2.00
2.14
2.26
2.26

2.05
2.08
2.12
2.23
2.25

2.04
2.07
2.15
2.25
2.27

39.9
41.0
40.7
41.0
40.6

40.6
41.1
40.4
40.9
41.5

41.2
41.6
40.3
40.7
41.5

42.1
41.0
39.7
41.2
41.2

41.1
40.3
38.0
41.6
41.4

2.4
3.4
2.8
2.6
3.1

3.0
3.6
2.6
3.5
3.6

3.0
3.8
2.8
3.3
3.6

3.4
3.3
2.6
3.4
3.3

3.2
3.0
2.3
3.5
3.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.1
41.0
40.2
40.5
41.3

39.6
41.1
40.5
38.9
40.6
40.7

38.9
40.8
40.7
39.0
40.6
40.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.1
2.7
2.8
3.3

2.0
2.9
3.3
2.2
3.1
3.2

1.7
2.5
3.2
2.3
3.1
2.8

39.6
40.7
40.6
39.8
41.2
41.1

39.0
41.2
39.8
40.4
41.7
40*7

39.7
41.5
40.7
40.5
41.6
41.4

39.7
41.5
40.6
41.0
42.1

39.8
39.8
40.2
40.5
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
2.3
2.8
2.9
2.2
3.0
3.1

1.7
3.0
2*3
2.3
3.6
2*6

2.3
3.3
2.8
2.6
3.3
3.3

1.9
3.2
2.8
2.8
3.7

2.2
2.7
2*5
2.6
2.8

MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATED WIRE PRODUCTS - SIC 348
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

62.7
57.6
63.2
55.2
58.8

65.2
58.7
62.5
59.1
57.7

65.2
58.7
62.6
57.3
57.4

65.4
59.0
63.6
56.9
58.3

64.9
58.5
64.2
55.9
58.6

64.5
57.7
63.8
54.9
58.4

63.8
54.2
63.7
54.2
58.5

61.2
49.4
63.2
52.5
56.9

62.2
54*8
63.2
52.2
57.3

61.6
57.4
63.4
52.2
58.2

60.3
59.5
62.7
53.6
60.4

59.0
61.1
63.3
56.1
61.3

58.9
61.9
62.6
57.8
62.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

59.2
57.9
51.5
56.3
56.4

62.0
61.7
54.2
55.8
60.0

60.5
60.7
52.0
55.9
60.4

59.7
59.7
50.9
56.7
59.6

59.4
59.2
49.0
56.8
57.9

58.5
57.7
48.7
56.9
57.1

57.1
57.5
49.2
57.3
56.5

54.3
56.7
48.3
56.0
54.2

56.4
56.9
49.8
53.2
54.1

58.6
56.5
51.7
55.1
55.2

60.9
56.2
53.7
55.1
55.0

61.6
56.3
55.0
57.5
53.8

61.8
55.5
54.9
59.3
52.5

1961
1962
1963

53.3
56.7

51.6
56.3
57.0

51.2
55.3
56.8

50.2
55.5
57.3

51.5
56.1
57.3

52.5
56.8
57.7

53.0
57.3

52.4
55.9

53.9
56.1

54.6
57.2

55.9
58.2

55.9
58.0

56.5
57.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1953
1954
1955

16.9
15.8
15.0

17.6
14.6
15.4

17.0
13.4
14.5

16.8
13.7
16.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

16.4
15.0
13.3
14.0
14.9

13.8
15.1

14.1
14.9

15.5
14.5
12.1
14.1
14.2

13.9
13.8

14.0
13.3

14.5
13.4
11.5
13.6
12.7

13.3
12.6

14.2
13.0

15.5
13.8
13.3
14.3
13.2

14.1
12.9

14.6
12.6

12.4
13.3
13.5

12.1
12.8
13.5

11.6
13.0
13.5

11.8
13.1
13.5

12.1
13.3
13.7

12.3
13.2

12.0
13.1

12.6
13.1

12.9
13.4

13.1
14.0

13.1
14.1

13.5
13.8

1961
1962
1963

14.0
13.6
12.5
13.4




165

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

Jl
uy

August

September

October

November

December

MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATED WIRE PRODUCTS - SIC 348— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

52.9
48.0
53.4
45.6
49.1

55.7
49.0
53.0
49.2
48.1

55.6
49.1
53.0
47.3
47.9

55.7
49.3
54.0
46.9
48.9

55.4
48.8
54.6
46.2
49.3

54.6
48.1
54.0
45.2
48.9

53.8
44.7
53.6
44.4
48.8

51.2
40.3
53.0
42.7
47.2

52.1
45.3
53.0
42.8
47.3

51.7
48.1
53.4
42.8
48.3

50.7
49.9
52.7
44.4
50.4

49.4
51.6
53.4
46.7
51.2

49.2
52.3
52.5
48.4
52.7

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

49.0
47.1
40.9
45.5
45.0

52.1
51.0
43.4
45.3
48.8

50.3
50.0
41.1
45.0
49.2

49.7
48.8
40.2
45.8
48.3

49.2
48.3
38.4
46.1
46.5

48.3
46.9
38.3
46.2
45.8

46.9
46.6
38.9
46.4
45.1

44.4
45.9
37.8
45.2
42.6

46.1
46.0
39.3
42.4
42.7

48.3
45.6
41.3
44.3
43.9

50.4
45.3
43.2
44.2
43.7

51.1
45.5
44.6
46.4
42.4

51.4
44.7
44.5
48.1
41.2

1961
1962
1963

41.9
45.1

40.4
44.8
45.1

39.9
43.7
45.0

39.0
44.1
45.4

40.1
44.6
45.5

41.3
45.2
45.8

41.6
45.6

41.0
44.1

42.4
44.5

43.2
45.7

44.6
46.6

44.6
46.4

45.1
46.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER <VERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS » IN DOLLARS
A
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

64.06
67.32
71.63
72.54
76.86

63.29
66.40
72.49
72.04
74.48

61.75
65.85
72.21
71.06
75.26

64.27
65.53
72.63
71.78
76.59

64.17
64.80
71.51
70.49
77.79

64.37
66.09
71.17
71.60
76.63

64.37
63.83
71.17
71.82
74.37

63.52
61.12
71.24
71.96
74.56

62.49
64.55
71.86
72.14
75.89

64.62
69.97
70.84
71.78
77.04

65.03
71.40
72.90
72.90
78.25

65.03
71.55
72.14
75.17
78.66

66.40
74.39
70.35
76.91
79.46

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

79.73
81.20
82.76
89.21
90.09

79.10
81.20
80.34
88.15
92.77

78.31
80.20
78.54
87.29
90.39

77.74
81.41
79.13
88.75
89.95

78.72
80.20
78.72
90.06
88.00

77.76
79.40
80.73
92.20
89.47

78.91
81.41
82.16
91.78
89.69

76.17
80.19
82.53
85.84
89.91

78.36
81.40
82.35
85.90
90.54

81.56
83.02
86.50
87.95
90.45

83.58
81.16
85.26
88.40
90.68

81.79
81.39
86.22
89.19
90.23

83.62
81.59
89.23
92.82
89.15

1961
1962
1963

94.07
96.64

90.29
95.94
98.06

91.60
96.82
96.93

91.14
97.11
97.34

91.66
97.11
95.51

93.61
97.53
97.58

95.22
98.65

93.71
95.71

94.76
96.64

96.74
97.29

96.10
96.64

96.93
95.76

98.05
97.70

PRODUCTION-WORKER ,VERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
A
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.57
1.65
1.76
1.80
1.87

1.54
1.60
1.73
1.81
1.83

1.54
1.61
1.74
1.79
1.84

1.56
1.61
1.75
1.79
1.85

1.55
1.62
1.74
1.78
1.87

1.57
1.64
1.74
1.79
1.86

1.57
1.62
1.74
1.80
1.85

1.58
1.60
1.79
1.79
1.85

1.57
1.63
1.77
1.79
1.86

1.58
1.69
1.78
1.79
1.87

1r 59
1.70
1.80
1.80
1.89

t.59
1.72
1.19
1.82
1.90

1.60
1.73
1.79
1.84
1.91

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.94
2.03
2.09
2.16
2.23

1.92
2.01
2.06
2.15
2.23

1.91
2.00
2.04
2.15
2.21

1.91
2.01
2.05
2.17
2.21

1.92
2.00
2.05
2.17
2.20

1.92
2.00
2.07
2.19
2.22

1.92
2.02
2.08
2.18
2.22

1.89
2.03
2.10
2.13
2.22

1.93
2.04
2.09
2.09
2.23

1.97
2.06
2.12
2.14
2.25

1.99
2.06
2.10
2.13
2.25

1.99
2.05
2.15
2.17
2.25

2.01
2.05
2.15
2.21
2.28

1961
1962
1963

2.30
2.34

2.28
2.34
2.38

2.29
2.35
2.37

2.29
2.34
2.38

2.28
2.34
2.37

2.30
2.35
2.38

2.30
2.36

2.28
2.34

2.30
2.34

2.32
2.35

2.31
2.34

2.33
2.33

2.34
2.36

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

40.8
40.8
40.7
40.3
41.1

41.1
41.5
41.9
39.8
40.7

40.1
40.9
41.5
39.7
40.9

41.2
40.7
41.5
40.1
41.4

41.4
40.0
41.1
39.6
41.6

41.0
40.3
40.9
40.0
41.2

41.0
39.4
40.9
39.9
40.2

40.2
38.2
39.8
40.2
40.3

39.8
39.6
40.6
40.3
40.8

40.9
41.4
39.8
40.1
41.2

40.9
42.0
40.5
40.5
41.4

40.9
41.6
40.3
41.3
41.4

41.5
43.0
39.3
41.8
41.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.1
40.0
39.6
41.3
40.4

41.2
40.4
39.0
41.0
41.6

41.0
40.1
38.5
40.6
40.9

40.7
40.5
38.6
40.9
40.7

41.0
40.1
38.4
41.5
40.0

40.5
39.7
39.0
42.1
40.3

4i.r
40.3
39.5
42.1
40.4

40.3
39.5
39.3
40.3
40.5

40.6
39.9
39.4
41.1
40.6

41.4
40.3
40.8
41.1
40.2

42.0
39.4
40.6
41.5
40.3

41.1
39.7
40.1
41.1
40.1

41.6
39.8
41.5
42.0
39.1

1961
1962
1963

40.9
41.3

39.6
41.0
41.2

40.0
41.2
40.9

39.8
41.5
40.9

40.2
41.5
40.3

40.7
41.5
41.0

41.4
41.8

41.1
40.9

41.2
41.3

41.7
41.4

41.6
41.3

41.6
41.1

41.9
41.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
3.2
2.6
2.7
3.0

1.6
2.7
3.5
2.2
3.0
2.9

1.5
2.6
2.8
2.4
2.9
2.8

2.3
3.2
2.4
3.2
3.2

2.5
3.4
2.3
3.1
3.1

2.8
3.1
2.2
3.2
2.8

3.3
3.5
2.2
3.2
3.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS




1.4
3.0
2.8
2.0
2.9
2.8

1.4
3.3
2.2
2.0
3.0
2.2

1.5
3.8
2.6
2.3
2.9
2.8

1.6
3.6
2.7
2.6
3.1

1.5
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.7

1*8
3.0
2.4
3.2
3.0

166

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATED N1RE PRODUCTS - SIC 368— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.6
5.2
6.3
5.0
6.6

3.0
6.2
7.0
3.2
6.0
3.7

1.8
6.8
3.6
3.1
2.8
3.5

1.9
5.5
3.5
6.8
6.9
3.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
3.6
6.5
6.0
6.6
6.3
6.3
6.8
6.6
6.6
3.6
3.6
5.0
6.6
6.1
6.0
6.2
6.3
5.0
3.9
3.9
6.8

5.9
6.0
7.1
8.8
7.7

8.8
8.0
5.6
6.7
7.2

6.9
5.9
6.3
5.6
6.6

6.3
6.7
3.0
6.7
3.7

6.3
5.7
2.1
3.0
2.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3C5
2.3
2.3
2.7

.8
2.9
6.8
1.2
2.6
2.1

.7
2.7
2.8
1.6
1.8
1.9

•8
3.7
1.6
1.2
2.6
1.9

NEW HIRES
.7
3.1
1.9
1.9
2.6
2.7

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.5
1.7
3.3
3.5
3.5
2.3
1.5
2.1
1.8
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.1
3.2
2.9

2.3
3.6
2.9
2.9
3.0

3.9
^•6
2.6
3.6
6.5

6.2
5.2
2.8
6.0
3.5

5.2
2.9
1.8
2.6
2.6

3.3
3.5
.7
2.1
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.5
5.1
5.6
6.6
6.9

8.7
5.6
3.6
5.6
6.3
6.9

6.1
6.8
5.1
6.3
7.3
3.7

5.7
6.0
7.6
6.8
6.6
3.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
6.3
6.0
3.3
3.3
5.6
6.6
5.7
6.5
5.6
3.6
5.8
7.6
2.9
3.2
3.8
5.7
3.9
6.9
6.3
6.0
6.6
6.2

3.5
8.5
6.7
5.8
6.8

3.3
6.1
5.0
3.7
6.5

3.5
5.9
5.7
6.3
6.6

3.9
5.0
5.1
3.8
5.2

3.8
3.2
5.6
2.7
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
2.0
1.5
1.1
1.5

•8
1.6
1.8
•8
1.3
1.2

•6
1.8
1.9
.6
1.0
1.1

.7
2.1
1.9
1.1
1.2
1.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
•8
1.0
•8
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.3
1.5
1.6
1.5
1.5
•9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.3
1.6

1.6
2.6
1.8
1.5
2.1

1.8
2.7
2.1
1.9
2.7

1.5
2.1
1.2
1.5
1.6

1.6
1.5
.9
1.3
1.2

1.5
1.3
.7
•8
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
2.6
3.3
2.8
2.8

7.6
3.6
1.2
6.3
6.6
2.9

5.3
2.3
2.6
5.2
5.7
2.1

6.6
1.3
5.1
3.2
2.5
1.6

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.3
3.0
2.1
1.9
2.6
1.7
1.6
2.6
3.6
1.6
3.9
5.6
1.6
1.6
6.1
2.2
1.6
1.8
6.9
2.1
2.0
2.2

1.6
5.5
2.6
3.5
2.0

1.1
*8
2.6
1.0
1.2

1.6
3.1
3.8
6.0
2.2

1.5
3.0
3.7
1.6
3.1

1.6
1.3
6.6
1.3
1.6

109.5
115.0
117*3
116<i5
122.6

110.6
115.9
117.5
115.6
122i3

112.0
113.7
117.0
119.5
121.9

112.7
117.5
116.8
120.0
126.3

113.6
120.2
113.9
120.5
125.0

18.8
18.9
19.0
19.8

18.9
18.9
19.1
19.7

18.6
18.8
18.8
20.0
19.9

19.6
18.3
20.6
19.9

19.7
18.2
20.2
20.1

81.0
85.7
86.9
86.6
91.1

82.5
86.7
87.2
85.1
91.2

83.8
86.3
86.7
89.2
91.1

86.6
87.8
85.1
89.5
92.8

85.1
90.6
86.2
90.1
93.3

92.06
96.71
96.78
100.60
105.67

91.56
95.36
97.27
103.61
105.61

92.86
96.60
95.99
102.75
105.01

93. 50
97.51
96.82
103.57
105.67

MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 369
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

112.2
115.9
117.6
115.8
122.9

117.9
113.7
120.1
113.6
120.9
126.6

115.9
113.6
120.2
112.7
121.2
125.2

113.7
113.9
119.6
113.1
122.6
125.6

112.5
115.6
119.0
113.3
123.7
125.9

109.6
115.9
115.5
116.7
123.7
126.2

109.6
118.0
118.5
116.8
126.6

109.3
117.5
117;8
115.6
121.9

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

18.9
18.9
19.0
20.0

19.5
18.3
19.2
18.2
20.3
19.8

18.6
19.5
18.5
20.3
20.1

18.5
19.5
18.2
20.6
20.2

18.7
18.8
19.3
18.6
20.6
20.6

19.0
18.7
16.6
20.3
20.5

19.6
19.0
18.7
20.2

17.8
18.9
18.9
18.6
19.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

83.6
87.0
87.5
85.7
91.8

68.7
85.3
90.6
83.8
90.2
92.5

86.7
85.1
90.1
83.0
90.3
93.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

89.95
95.82
96.71
100.19
103.53

88.53
92.57
96.72
96.29
100.90
106.75

87.86
92.80
95.76
96.16
101.60
106.09

86.9
85.5
89.5
83.6
92.0
93.3

83.8
86.8
88.9
83.3
92.5
93.8

81.0
87.8
85.6
86.8
92.7
93.7

79.9
89.6
88.0
86.8
93*5

81.3
88.6
87.6
85.1
90.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




88.26
96.30
96.60
97.27
101.50
106.86

87.58
95.65
96.60
98.60
102.82
106.23

87.58
97.66
97.53
99.56
103.12
106.65

88.75
99.90
97.28
101.18
106.55

91.03
96.70
97.76
99.70
100.15

90.80
95.58
97.86
101.09
102.77

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yeor

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

September

167

October

November

December

MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS - SIC 349— CONTINUED
PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2*26
2.36
2.43
2.48
2.55

2.23
2.32
2.40
2.45
2.51
2.58

2.23
2.32
2.40
2.44
2.51
2.57

2.24
2.34
2.41
2.45
2.50
2.57

2.24
2.35
2.41
2.46

2.52

2.58

2.24
2.37
2.42
2.47
2.54
2.59

2.23
2.39
2.42
2.48
2.55

2.27
2.37
2.45
2.48
2.51

2.27
2.36
2.44
2.49
2.55

2.29
2.35
2.45
2.49
2.59

2.30
2.36
2.45
2.51
2.59

2.31
2.36
2.43
2.50
2.58

2.32
2.39
2.45
2.52
2.59

40.0
40.5
40.1
40.6
40.3

40.2
,
40.3
39.5
40.4
40.8

39.8
40.4
39.7
41.2
40.7

40.2
40.0
39.5
41.1
40.7

40.3
40.8
38.7
41.1
40.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.8
40.6
39.8
40.4
40.6

39.7
39.9
40.3
39.3
40.2
40.6

39.4
40.0
39.9
39.4
40.4
40.5

39.4
40.3
40.0
39.7
40.6
40.8

39.1
40.7
40.0
40.0
40.8
40.4

39.1
41.2
40.3
40.3
40.6
41.1

39.8
41.8
40.2
40.8
41.0

40.1
40.8
39.9
40.2
39.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.6

1.6
2.2
2.4
1.6
2.5
2.4

1.6
2.0
2.2
1.6
2.5
2.3

1.4
2.4
2.0
1.8
2.4
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.2
2.4
2.9
2.9

2.1
3.1
3.4
2.6
3.4
3.1

1.8
3.3
2.8
2.6
2.9
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.2
2.2
1.4
1.6
1.8

1.0
1.6
1.8
1.1
1.9
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
3.4
3.6
2.7
2.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.6
1.7
1.9
2.6
2.2

1.3
2.9
2.1
2.2
2.6
2.7

1.6
3.3
2.0
2.4
2.7

1.6
2.7
1.9
2.4
2.2

2.1
2.7
1.8
2.6
2.5

2.1
2.6
1.8
2.6
2.8

2.2
2.5
1.9
2.8
2.8

2.2
2.2
1.8
2.6
2.7

2.3
2.6
1.4
2.5
2.7

1.5
3.2
2.2
2.5
2.8
2.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.2
3.2
2.3
3.2
3.1
4.2
2.9
2.3
3.1
2.4
2.6
2*7
3.1
3.3
3.2
2.7
3.0
3.1
2.4
2.5
2.7

2.9
3.9
2.8
3.3
3.3

3.8
3.3
2.5
3.5
3.3

2.9
2.4
2.2
3.2
3.2

2.3
3.6
1.5
2.7
2.3

2.0
2.4
1.5
2.0
1.9

.8
2.0
2.0
1.1
1.8
1.6

.7
2.0
1.5
l.l
1.8
1.7

NEW HIRES
.7
2.4
1.5
1.2
1.8
1.7

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.4
1.1
1.1
2.5
3.1
2.1
1.3
1.6
1.3
1.5
2.1
1.5
2.0
2.3
1.6
1.8

1.5
2.7
1.6
2.0
2.1

2.3
2.7
1.5
2.1
2.2

1.8
1.8
1.2
2.3
2.1

1.2
1.5
•8
1.6
1.3

1.0
1.5
.7
1.1
1.1

3.7
3.4
3.8
3.0
2.5
2.7

3.4
2.8
3.3
2.8
3.0
2.7

3.9
2.2
4.1
2.6
2.7
2.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.2
3.3
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.8
3.4
2.6
4.5
3.4
3.0
3.3
2.5
2.9
2.2
2.6
2.2
2.5
3.1
2.8
2.7
2.6

2.7
3.6
3.8
2.7
3.6

3.1
4.2
3.9
3.1
3.7

2.8
4.5
3.2
2.8
3.7

2.5
3.9
3.3
2.4
2.6

2.2
3.3
3.1
3.0
2.2

.7
1.1
.9
•8
1.0

.7
•8
1.0
•6
•8
•8

.5
.7
.9
•6
•8
.7

.5
.9
•8
.7
1.0
•8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
•6
.7
.5
1.1
1.0
1.2
1.2
.9
.9
.9
•9
.7
•8
.9
.7
1.0
.8
1.1
1.1
.9
1.0

.9
1.5
1.1
1.1
1.5

1.2
1.8
1.3
1.3
1.6

.8
1.0
.7
1.0
1.0

.6
•8
.6
.7
.7

.5
.7
.4
.6
•6

1.9
1.7
2.1
1.4
1.3

2.4
2.0
2.3
2.0
.9
1.2

2.3
1.4
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.4

3.0
•8
2.1
1.5
1.2
1.3

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
1.3
2.2
1.5
1.3
1.6
1.0
2.1
2.9
2.0
1.6
1.9
1.4
1.4
.9
1.3
.8
•9
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.0

1.3
1.4
2.1
.9
1.4

1.4
1.7
2.1
1.1
1.5

1.6
2.9
1.9
1.2
2.1

1.5
2.6
2.3
1.1
1.4

1.2
2.0
2.2
1.9
1.2

69.2
73.0
73.4
70.9
74.1

68.9
73.1
72.7
69.1
74.3

70.8
71.6
72.1
72.5
73.5

71.4
73.4
71.2
73.2
75.3

71.8
74.3
71.5
73.9
76.1

iLVES* PIPEs AND PIPE FITTINGS - SIC 3494.8
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

70.9
72.4
72.8
70.9
74.4




74.3
71.6
74.3
71.0
73.6
75.6

73.5
71.2
74.3
70.0
73.6
75.8

72.2
71.8
73.7
69.9
74.3
75.8

71.1
72.4
73.6
69.8
74.7
76.3

69.5
71.8
70.3
70.4
74.7
76.5

69.2
72.2
72.8
70.1
75.4

69.1
72.7
73.3
70.4
73.6

168

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

VALVES, PIPE, AND PIPE FITTINGS - SIC 3494,8— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

10.1
9.9
9.7
10.2

10.0
9.9
10.1
9.5
10.2
10.2

9.9
10.3
9.6
10.1
10.3

9.9
10.2
9.6
10.3
10.2

9.6
10.1
10.1
9.6
10.2
10.3

10.1
9.6
9.6
10.2
10.4

10.1
9.8
9.6
10.3

9.3
10.1
10.1
9.5
9.9

10.2
10.2
9.6
10.2

10.0
9.8
9.3
10.2

9.6
9.8
9.8
9.9
10.1

10.2
9.5
10.2
10.2

10.4
9.5
10.2
10.3

49.4
52.7
52.6
50.4
53.1

49.3
53.2
52.1
48.7
53.2

51.0
51.4
51.6
52.0
52.6

51.6
52.9
50.9
52.5
54.0

52.0
53.9
51.1
53.3
54.5

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

51.0
52.4
52.1
50.5
53.4

54.3
51.7
53.8
50.6
52.8
54.1

53.5
51.3
53.6
49.7
52.7
54.2

52.4
51.9
53.2
49.7
53.4
54.1

51.3
52.4
53.0
49.5
53.6
54.5

49.8
52.5
49.5
50.1
53.7
54.6

48.1
52.6
51.9
49.7
54.3

49.6
52.6
52.4
49.7
52.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

71.55
73.15
77.68
78.40
82.82

70.15
72.50
75.44
78.57
79.79

70.85
73.02
75.67
78.57
80.00

72.38
71.82
77.00
78.98
80.79

73.04
71.21
77.61
77.39
80.60

72.60
72.24
76.48
78.20
81.40

71.38
71.55
76.86
77.99
82.21

69.96
70.41
72.93
75.08
80.00

69.97
70.58
78.47
76.24
81.61

71.40
73.57
79.30
80.00
85.07

72.84
76.20
79.87
78.01
86.11

71.74
75.89
80.51
81.00
86.31

73.61
77.52
81.32
80.40
87.78

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

88.80
90.94
92.04
97.12
98.46

87.15
90.83
92.40
94.72
97.44

86.11
91.05
90.16
94.33
96.38

87.14
90.39
90.16
95.60
98.15

88.82
90.13
89.86
96.96
99.54

86.92
89.06
89.24
96.96
98.55

87.54
90.13
89.60
98.98
99.45

85.63
89.02
92.10
98.33
100.55

87.45
89.65
92.04
96.80
100.40

91.30
91.53
92.43
96.64
99.29

91.30
91.37
93.93
98.17
99.40

90.86
92.46
95.68
97.53
97.36

93.93
95.17
95.91
99.06
97.39

1961
1962
1963

102.11
105.56

98.25
103.83
107.71

98.00
104.09
106.78

98.89
104.45
106.90

99.00
105.52
105.71

100.95
105.41
107.83

102.21
106.75

101.20
101.89

102.77
105.06

102.77
107.86

105.63
108.79

106.14
107.18

106.55
108.12

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.66
1.75
1.89
1.96
2.02

1.62
1.69
1.84
1.94
1.98

1.64
1.71
1.85
1.94
1.99

1.66
1.71
1.86
1.95
1.99

1.66
1.72
1.87
1.93
1.99

1.65
1.72
1.87
1.95
2.00

1.66
1.72
1.87
1.94
2.01

1.65
1.73
1.87
1.94
2.00

1.67
1.73
1.90
1.96
2.01

1.68
1.76
1.92
1.99
2.04

1.69
1.81
1.92
1.99
2.06

1.68
1.82
1.94
2.00
2.06

1.70
1.85
1.95
1.99
2.08

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.15
2.24
2.33
2.41
2.48

2.10
2.21
2.31
2.38
2.43

2.09
2.21
2.30
2.37
2.44

2.11
2.21
2.30
2.39
2.46

2.13
2.22
2.31
2.40
2.47

2.12
2.21
2.30
2.40
2.47

2.13
2.22
2.28
2.42
2.48

2.13
2.22
2.32
2.41
2.52

2.17
2.23
2.33
2.42
2.51

2.20
2.26
2.34
2.41
2.52

2.20
2.29
2.36
2.43
2.51

2.20
2.30
2.38
2.42
2.49

2.21
2.31
2.38
2.44
2.51

1961
1962
1963

2.54
2.60

2.50
2.57
2.64

2.50
2.57
2.63

2.51
2.56
2.62

2.50
2.58
2.61

2.53
2.59
2.63

2.53
2.61

2.53
2.56

2.55
2.62

2.55
2.65

2.57
2.66

2.57
2.64

2.58
2.65

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.1
41.8
41.1
40.0
41.0

43.3
42.9
41.0
40.5
40.3

43.2
42.7
40.9
40.5
40.2

43.6
42.0
41.4
40.5
40.6

44.0
41.4
41.5
40.1
40.5

44.0
42.0
40.9
40.1
40.7

43.0
41.6
41.1
40.2
40.9

42.4
40.7
39.0
38.7
40.0

41.9
40.8
41.3
38.9
40.6

42.5
41.8
41.3
40.2
41.7

43.1
42.1
41.6
39.2
41.8

42.7
41.7
41.5
40.5
41.9

43.3
41.9
41.7
40.4
42.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.3
40.6
39.5
40.3
39.7

41.5
41.1
40.0
39.8
40.1

41.2
41.2
39.2
39.8
39.5

41.3
40.9
39.2
40.0
39.9

41.7
40.6
38.9
40.4
40.3

41.0
40.3
38.8
40.4
39.9

41.1
40.6
39.3
40.9
40.1

40.2
40.1
39.7
40.8
39.9

40.3
40.2
39.5
40.0
40.0

41.5
40.5
39.5
40.1
39.4

41.5
39.9
39.8
40.4
39.6

41.3
40.2
40.2
40.3
39.1

42.5
41.2
40.3
40.6
38.8

1961
1962
1963

40.2
40.6

39.3
40.4
40.8

39.2
40.5
40.6

39.4
40.8
40.8

39.6
40.9
40.5

39.9
40.7
41.0

40.4
40.9

40.0
39.8

40.3
40.1

40.3
40.7

41.1
40.9

41.3
40.6

41.3
40.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.7
2.1
2.6
2.6

1.9
2.9
2.9
2.2
3.2
2.9

1.4
3.2
2.1
2.1
2.5
2.0

1.3
3.0
1.9
2.1
2.4
2.4

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
2.2
1.6
1.3
3.3
2.7
2.4
2.2
1.8
2.7
2.6
1.7
2.9
3.1
3.4
2.1
2.8
2.5
3.0
2.0
2.4
2.5

2.4
3.5
2.6
2.9
2.9

2.6
2.7
1.8
2.9
2.7

2.4
2.3
2.0
3.2
3.0

2.0
2.4
1.3
2.7
2.1

1.7
1.6
1.2
1.8
1.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




169

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

VALVES* PIPE, ANO PIPE FITTINGS - SIC 3494,8— CONTINUED
NEW HIRES PER 100
1958
1. 0
1.1
.8
.7
.6
•6
1959
1.9
1.8
1.5
1.8
2.2
1.9
1960
1.2
1.6
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.2
1961
1.5
1. 0
.9
1.5
1.1
1.1
1962
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.9
1.7
2.1
1963
1.8
1.3
1.6
1.8
1.8
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.0
3.2
2.5
2.6

3.2
3.5
3.7
3.2
2.1
2.2

2.6
2.8
2.8
2.4
2.5
2.6

3.4
2.0
3.6
2.3
2.4
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
.9
.8
.8
.9

.6
.8
.9
.6
.8
.8

.4
.7
.9
.5
.7
.7

.4
.8
.7
.7

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
1.5
1.8
1.2
1.1

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.1
•6
.9

1.8
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.1
1.4

1.0

.8
2.6
.7
1.5
1.1
.8
.9

M ACH IN ERY - SIC 35

J
uly

August

September

EMPLOYEES
1.0
.8
2.5
1.7
1.6
1.3
2.0
1.5
2.1
1.5

1.2
2.3
1.5
1.6
2.1

1.5
2.1
1.2
1.8
2.1

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.4
3.2
2.5
2.1
2.8
4.0
2.6
2.1
3.9
3.3
2.7
3.2
2.7
2.0
3.0
2.6
2.0
2.5
2.0
2.8
2.0
2.4

2.7
3.7
2.9
2.5
3.2

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
.4
.4
1.0
1.0
1.0
.9
.8
.9
.7
1. 0
.7
.9
.9
1. 0
•8
1.0

.5
.9
.9
.7
.8

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
2.2
1.6
1.2
1.3
2.4
.7
1.2
1.9
2.5
2.1
1.2
1.6
1.5
.8
1.4
.6
•8
.9
1.2
.7
•8

October

1.4
1.8

November

December

2.3
2.2

1.2
1.5
•6
1.8
1.2

1.0
1.2
•6
1.2
1.1

2.1
3.6
3.9
2.5
3.5

2.0
3.3
2.8
2.4
3.8

1.8
2.7
3.2
1.9
2.3

1.8
2.5
2.5
1.9
2.1

.7
1.3
.9
1.1
1.5

.8
1.4
1.2
1.3
1.5

•6
.9
•6
.9
1. 0

.4
.7
•6
.7
.6

.4
.7
.4
.6
•6

1.5
1.8
1.3
.8
.9

•8
i.5
2.2
.5
1.4

.9
1.7
1.7
.9
2.3

.9
1.5
2.3
.7
1.2

1.1
1.3
1.7
.9

1.0

1. 0

ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1939
1940

588
701

544
656

559
667

569
674

574
681

578
663

580
689

580
693

583
702

592
712

612
727

635
750

647
777

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

959
1,265
1,500
1,462
1,307

804
1,106
1,444
1,524
1,427

824
1,138
1,464
1,514
1,434

848
1,172
1,485
1,505
1,427

903
1,199
1,495
1,474
1,409

936
1,223
1,506
1,464
1,390

969
1,258
1,517
1,473
1,379

994
1,282
1,516
1,463
1,351

1,016
14310
14513
1,452
14314

14031
14329
14505
14435
1,141

1,043
1,361
1,515
1,419
1,132

1,059
1,388
1,523
1,407
1,138

1,079
1,419
1,520
1,414
1,140

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1,255
1,375
1,372
1,182
1,210

1,176
1,379
1,391
1,328
1,112

1,051
1,390
1,396
1,308
1,129

1,105
1,395
1,395
1,284
1,147

1,181
1,398
1,365
1,246
1,167

1,225
1,390
1,371
1,198
1,182

1,258
1,369
1,381
1,161
1,196

1,284
1,336
1,366
1,123
1,201

1,314
1,359
14360
1,112
14230

14343
1*361
14363
14117
14221

1,359
1,367
1,362
1,102
1,278

1,378
1,371
1,358
1,094
1,309

1,383
1,388
1,350
1,106
1,344

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1,456.6
1,517.4
1,554.4
1,417.7
1,448.5

1,381.4
1,529.9
1,571.9
1,496.1
1,382.2

1,407.7
1,538.4
1,582.6
1,486.8
1,398.7

1,429.7
1,540.6
1,596.8
1,472.1
1,417.3

1,444.5
1,546.4
1,588.1
1,455.3
1,437.9

1,456.2
1,538.6
1*581.3
1,435.5
1,449.6

1,474.4
1,536.7
1,582.4
1,423.5
1,461.8

1,467.3
1,483.7
1,558.6
1,390.1
1,446.4

14448.1
14460.7
1,535.9
14 371.9
14448.7

14460.2
14469.5
14529.9
14373.7
14439.0

1,485.5
1,485.3
1,518.4
1,366.0
1,480.4

1,504.1
1,518.6
1,503.6
1,364.6
1,497.5

1,519.5
1,560.2
1,502.7
1,376.2
1,522.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,571.6
1,585.9
1,362.4
1,452.1
1,479.0

1,534.8
1,627.8
1,464.6
1,365.8
1,505.9

1,551.8
1,642.4
1,436.9
1,398.7
1,521.5

1,559.3
1,647.4
1,417.1
1,422.7
1,522.2

1,573.2
1,638.0
1,386.6
1,438.2
1,515.6

1,568.9
1,619.9
1,354.0
1,464.8
1,505.1

1,574.6
1,609.7
1,339.5
1,484.6
1,505.0

1,561.6
1,584.0
1,317.0
1,472.7
1,484.9

14569.8
14562.1
14309.4
Is46 5. 3
1,463.0

1,577*5
1,558.6
14328.9
1,488.5
1,451.1

1,579.7
1,538.3
1,320.8
1,466.4
1,428.1

1,593.8
1,510.8
1,327.6
1,462.9
1,425.3

1,613.9
1,491.7
1,346.8
1,494.0
1*419.7

1961 1,419.0 1,415.1 1,418.1 1,416.5 1,420.8 1,421.9 1,422.4 1,413.6 1,410.0 1,417.5 1,412.8 1,419.1 1,439.9
1962 1,489.8 1,447.0 1,463.0 1,484.4 1,495.7 1,498.2 1,510.2 1,498.6 14494.4 14498.4 1,495.1 1,495.9 1,496.8
1963
1,501.8 1,506.4 1,514.4 1,518.8 1,516.4
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

140.0

147.0

151.3

167.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

179.6
209.6
215.4
209.5
188.0

190.7
208.8
216.0
196.5
195.6

198.1
200.3
213.5
187.7
195.3

202.0
203.5
211.1
184.4
199.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

207.2
218.1
193.4
184.9
200.5

187.3
201.2

189.5
201.0

209.2
217.9
181.5
190.5
199.1

191.6
196.2

193.2
195.6

209.3
210.7
174.1
191.4
194.6

191.7
193.0

196.1
191.4

213.3
206.1
178.3
197.1
189.9

196.5
191.1

199.3
190.3

189.4
195.5
197.2

187,8
195.5
196.9

186,8
197.9
197.5

186.7
199.5
196.8

186.8
198.0
195.8

187.8
198.7

188.4
196.7

188.6
196.5

189*7
197.8

190.3
197.8

193.7
198.6

194.7
198.0

1961
1962
1963

192.4
195.3
189.2
197,5




1T0

Yaar

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Avaraga

January

Fabruary

March

Arl
pi

May

Juna

J
uly

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novambar

Dacambar

MACHINERY - SIC 35— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

450
550

411
510

425
521

435
529

438
534

441
535

443
538

443
541

446
548

454
558

470
571

492
594

503
618

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

780
1,052
1,253
1,213
1,042

644
909
1,216
1,265
1,173

659
938
1,230
1,257
1,180

682
968
1,246
1,246
1,167

733
993
1,255
1,228
1,147

763
1,014
1,259
1,217
1,126

791
1,042
1,269
1.223
1,109

813
1,063
1,264
1,214
1,074

830
1,088
14259
1,207
1,038

845
14110
14251
1,192
871

853
1,139
1,259
1,176
866

866
1,166
1,267
1,165
866

883
1,195
1,262
1,168
884

971
1946
1947 1,087
1948 1,074
900
1949
929
1950

915
1,091
1,099
1,033
839

783
1,101
1,102
1,013
859

836
1,105
1,099
993
876

907
1,107
1,069
957
894

947
1,099
1,073
914
909

972
1,083
1,081
881
920

993
1,053
1,064
848
921

1,021
1,072
1,060
838
947

1,047
1,075
1*063
843
937

1,061
1,081
1,062
831
989

1,082
1,083
1,059
819
1,016

1,094
1,099
1,054
834
1,045

1,148.3 1,162.7 1,176
1,131.8 1,161.7 1,199.8
1,143.4 1,130.7 1,128.5
999.9
998.9 1,010.1
1,094.0 1,111.1 1,132.7

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1,129.7 1,076.1 1,098.0 1,115.2 1,126.7 1,134.4
1*163*9
1,185.71,190.7 1,190.9 1,195.4 1,184.7
1,182.9
1,210.41,218.6 1,231.1 1,21947 1,211.3
1,046.2
1,120.61,112.1 1,096.7 1,081.3 1,063.7
1,069.2
1,015.91,029.4 1,047.4 1,064.0 1,074.2

1,147.1
1,180.2
1,209.0
1,052.0
1,081.7

1,134.2
1,127.6
1,179.9
1,016.2
1,063.1

1,112*1
1,10248
1*158.1
14000*1
14061.9

1,125.8
1,115.4
1*153.5
14002.8
14054.8

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,158.5
1,143.1
945.5
1,027.2
1,035.9

1,160.5
1,162.2
926.4
1,057.9
1,058.0

1,141.5
1,132.6
902.7
1,043.6
1,036.9

14147.5
1,110.7
897.0
1,033.3
1,016.3

14154.7 1,156.3 1*166.7 1,183.0
1411444 1,096.8 1,072.7 1,054.6
917.2
911.0
920.6 937.7
14056.5 1,035.1 1,030.4 1,058.0
14008.1
986.6
984.9 979.1

1,145.01,154.5
1,194.81,203.9
1,030.31,007.5
956.6 984.1
1,068.01,080.2

1,158.6
1,204.2
990.4
1,005.7
1,078.4

1,170.5
1,194.1
965.7
1,019.9
1,071,6

1,162.6
1,176.0
939.1
1,045.0
1,062.3

981*0
977.9
976.8
969.5
964.2
974.7
970.3
976.2
981.2
978.5
995.4
1961
976.7
974.5
1962 1,036.0 1,000.1 1,016.5 1,033.5 1,044.7 1,046.2 1,054.7 1,039.9 1,035.7 1,041.7 1,040.0 1,039.0 1,039.8
1,043.2 1,046.1 1,050.8 1,055.5 1,052.1
1963
PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

55.78
60.38
60.31
67.08

53.13
58.85
61.59
61.45

53.29
58.60
61.44
62.42

53.71
59.19
60.72
63.21

54.34
59.20
59.43
64.20

55.15
59.33
59.58
64.96

56.37
60.61
59.81
65.56

55.84
59.56
59.55
66.22

55.40
61.32
59.74
67.84

57.24
61.40
60.32
68.81

57.73
62.29
60.09
70.86

57.98
61.88
59.10
71.89

59.43
62.67
61.17
74.07

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

76.13
79.55
82.68
81.40
87.36

73.78
79.64
82.75
82.19
82.62

74.39
79.35
82.99
82.39
83.43

75.77
79.61
84.00
81.99
84.66

75.95
78.32
83.42
80.39
85.49

75.86
78.51
82.64
81.40
86.93

76.13
78.75
82.26
80.79
87.35

74.82
76.13
81.51
80.40
85.91

75.25
77.46
81.71
80.60
86.74

77.07
79.61
82.35
81.61
88.62

77.43
80.65
83.36
81.41
89.89

77.33
80.89
82.57
81.81
90.95

79.38
83.90
83.78
83.23
93.53

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

93.06
94.12
94.33
102.92
104.55

92.66
94.92
92.73
99.14
104.74

92.23
94.92
92.20
100.70
104.39

91.80
95.11
93.06
102.09
105.66

92.66
93.98
93.06
103.00
104.24

92.21
93.52
93.46
103.91
106.08

92.00
94.35
94.16
105.08
106.50

91.76
93.43
93.46
102.92
104.81

91.96
92.97
93.46
102.42
104.04

94. 98
94. 25
95.20
102.59
10?.68

94.53
93.50
94.72
103.50
103.94

93.63
92.34
95.92
103.41
103.17

96.50
94.13
98.49
105.75
103.46

1961
1962
1963

107.42
113.01

104.23
110.27
114.40

104.90
111.49
114.82

105.04
112.71
115.51

106.49
113.67
113.85

106.75
114.09
115.79

107.94
114.09

107.16
113.01

106.75
1L2.32

107.83
112.74

109.03
112.88

109.18
112.75

111.87
114.53

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.344
1.462
1.523
1.601

1.274
1.408
1.517
1.540

1.281
1.412
1.517
1.545

1.288
1.416
1.518
1.553

1.300
1.423
1.516
1.562

1*329
1*433
1.516
1.569

1.355
1.457
1*522
1*576

1*362
1*467
1.523
1.588

1.368
1.492
1.524
1.600

1.386
1.505
1.531
1.619

1.391
1.512
1.529
1.648

1.397
1.513
1.531
1.668

1.405
1.521
1.537
1.691

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.75
1.85
1.95
2.00
2.08

1.70
1.81
1.92
1.99
2.02

1.71
1.82
1.93
1.99
2.03

1.73
1.83
1.94
1.99
2.04

1.73
1.83
1.94
1.98
2.05

1.74
1.83
1.94
2.00
2.06

1.75
1.84
1.94
1.99
2.07

1.74
1.83
1.95
2.00
2.07

1.75
1.84
1.95
2.00
2.08

1.78
1.86
1.97
2.02
2.10

1.78
1.88
1.98
2.02
2.12

1.79
1.89
1.98
2.02
2.14

1.80
1.92
1.99
2.03
2.16

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.20
2.29
2.37
2.48
2.55

2.16
2.26
2.33
2.43
2.53

2.16
2.26
2.34
2.45
2.54

2.16
2.?7
2.35
2.46
2.54

2.17
2.27
2.35
2.47
2.53

2.18
2.27
2.36
2.48
2.55

2.18
2.29
2.36
2.49
2.56

2.19
2.29
2.36
2.48
2.55

2.20
2.29
2.36
2.48
2.55

2.24
2.31
2.38
2.49
2.56

2.24
2.32
2.38
2.50
2.56

2.24
2.32
2.41
2.51
2.56

2.26
2.33
2.42
2.53
2.58

1961
1962
1963

2.62
2,71

2.58
2.67
2.75

2.59
2.68
2.76

2.60
2.69
2.77

2.61
2.70
2.75

2.61
2.71
2.77

2.62
2.71

2.62
2.71

2.61
2.70

2.63
2.71

2.64
2.72

2.65
2.73

2.67
2.74

1947
1948
1949
1950

41.5
41.3
39.6
41.9

41.7
41.8
40.6
39.9

41.6
41.5
40.5
40.4

41.7
41.8
40.0
40.7

40.5
41.1
39*2
42.4

41.3
40.8
39.4
42.5

41.5
41.2
39.3
43.0

41.5
40.9
38.6
43.1

42.3
41.2
39.8
43.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




41.8
41.6
39*2
41*1

41.5
41.4
39.3
41.4

41.6
41.6
39.3
41.6

41.0
40.6
39*1
41*7

171

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yoar

Annual
Avarag*

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

Juna

July

August

Saptambar

Octobar

Novumbar

Dacambur

MACHINERY - SIC 35— CONTINUED
PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS-**CONTINUED
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.5
43.0
42.4
40.7
42.0

43.4
44.0
43.1
41.3
40.9

43.5
43.6
43.0
41.4
41.1

43.8
43.5
43.3
41.2
41.5

43.9
42.8
43.0
40.6
41.7

43.6
42.9
42.6
40.7
42.2

43.5
42.8
42.4
40.6
42.2

43.0
41.6
41.8
40.2
41.5

43.0
42.1
41.9
40.3
41.7

43.3
42.8
41.8
40.4
42.2

43.5
42.9
42.1
40.3
42.4

43.2
42.8
41.7
40.5
42.5

44.1
43.7
42.1
41.0
43.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.3
41.1
39.8
41.5
41.0

42.9
42.0
39.8
40.8
41.4

42.7
42.0
39.4
41.1
41.1

42.5
41.9
39.6
41.5
41.6

42.7
41.4
39.6
41.7
41.2

42.3
41.2
39.6
41.9
41.6

42.2
41.2
39.9
42.2
41.6

41.9
40.8
39.6
41.5
41.1

41.8
40.6
39.6
41.3
40.8

42.4
40.8
40.0
41.2
40.5

42.2
40.3
39.8
41.4
40.6

41.8
39.8
39.8
41.2
40.3

42.7
40.4
40.7
41.8
40.1

1961
1962
1963

41.0
41.7

40.4
41.3
41.6

40.5
41.6
41.6

40.4
41.9
41.7

40.8
42* 1
41.4

40.9
42.1
41.8

41.2
42.1

40.9
41.7

40.9
41.6

41.0
41.6

41.3
41.5

41.2
41.3

41.9
41.8

PROOUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

3.9
2.8
1.8
2.9
2.7

4.3
3.5
1.7
2.3
3.0

4.1
3.4
1.7
2.6
3.1

4.0
3.3
1.8
2.9
3.1

4.0
3c1
f
1.6
3.0
2*7

3.9
2.9
1.7
3.1
3.0

3.8
2.9
1.8
3.4
2.9

3.6
2.7
1.7
3.0
2.7

3*7
2.4
1.7
3.0
2.5

4.0
2.6
1.9
2.9
2.4

3.9
2.2
1.8
3.0
2.4

3.6
2.0
2.1
2.9
2.1

3.9
2.0
2.3
3.1
2.2

1961
1962
1963

2.5
3.1

2.0
2.9
2.9

2.1
3.1
3.0

2.2
3.2
3.2

2.3
3.3
2.8

2.3
3.3
3.1

2.5
3.4

2.5
3.2

2J5
3.0

2.7
3 .0

2.8
2.9

2.8
2.8

3.1
3.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
3.6
2.9
3.1
3.0

2.1
4.1
3.8
3.3
3.8
3.0

1.9
4.1
3.3
2.6
3.2
2.7

2.5
4.0
2.9
3.0
3.2
2.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.2
2.3
3.4
2.8
3.8
3.7
4.5
>•2
>
,
2.5
3.0
3.6
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.6
3.0
3.1
3.7
2.9
3.1
2.7
2.7

3.0
3.5
2.9
3.3
3.2

3.5
3.7
3.0
3.4
2.9

3.4
2.9
2.5
3.2
2.9

3.2
3.0
2.4
2.8
2.4

2.9
2.9
2.1
2.6
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.1
2.3
1.7
1.6
2.0

.8
2.1
2.3
1.4
2.1
1.9

.9
2.3
2.2
1.1
2.1
1.8

.9
2.6
2.0
1.5
2.1
1.8

NEW HIRES
•9
2.5
1.7
1.3
2.1
1.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.3
•9
1.1
2.6
3.3
2.3
1.5
1.9
2.3
1.5
i;5
2.1
2.7
1.9
2.2
1.9

1.2
2^4
1.7
1.8
2.0

1.4
2.5
1.6
1.8
1.9

1.5
1.9
1.3
1.9
1.8

1.4
1.7
1.1
1.6
1.4

1.3
1.4
.9
1.4
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
3.1
3.5
3.2
2.8

4.7
2.6
2.5
3.4
2.5
2.8

3.7
2.4
2.8
2.8
2.3
2.3

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
4.1
4.7
3.8
3.5
2.8
2.6
3.4
2.8
3.0
3.5
3.3
3.5
3.2
3.7
2.9
3.4
3.2
3.3
3.4
2.9
2.8
2.7
3.0
3.0
2.5
2.6
3.0

3.6
3.3
4.6
3.5
3.8

3.5
4.2
4.4
3.8
3.5

3.0
4.7
3.7
3.1
2.9

2.4
3.3
3.1
2.7
2.6

2.0
2.4
3.1
2.4
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.1
.9
•8

•6
.8
.9
•6
•8
•8

.5
•8
.9
•5
•8
.7

.9
1.4

•8
1.1
.7
.9
.9

.6
.8
•6
.7
.8

.6
.7
.5
.7
.6

3.7
1.2
1.0
2.1
.9
1.3

2.8
.9
1.3
1.8
•8
.9

1.8
3.0
2.4
1.5
1.3

1.4
1.9
2.0
1.4
1.2

1.0
1.2
2.1
1.0
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0

2.5
1.4
1.9
1.7
1.2

Idl

1.1
1.5

1.1
1.8
1.4
1.4
1.5

.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
•6
•6
.7
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0
.9
1.0
.9
•8
.7
.7
1 .0
.9
1.1
1.1
1 .0
1.0

3.2
1.0
1.6
1.8
1.0
1.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
3.6
2.5
2.7
•9
1.0
1.6
l.l
1.7
1.8
2.0
2.1
2.C
1.5
2.0
1.8
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4

2.3
1.3
2.8
1.8
1.5

2.0
1.6
2.3
1.6
1.3

•6
1.0

.9
.7
1 .0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
4.2
3.9
3.3
3.8
3*0

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
2.3
2.7
3.9
3.2
2.5
2.6
3.0
2.9
3.2
2.9
2.8

3.4
2.8
2.4
3.2
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.6
2.5
2.5
3.3
2.4

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
4.2
3.4
2.8
3.4
3.5
3.5
2.9
3.5
3.0
2.6
2.5

3.1
4.9
3.7
3.1
2.9




2 .6

17 2

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

MACHINERY - SIC 35— CONTINUED
MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
.5
•5
1*2
1.1
1.0
•8
.7
.7
1.0
.9
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
•7
.9
.5
•8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.8
3.5
3.0
3.9
2.9

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
2.9
2.1
3.6
3.5
2.5
2.6
3.0
3.3
3.1
3.0
2*6

3.4
3.5
3.3
3.5
3.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.2
3.1
2.9
3.9
3.0
4.5

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.9
3.6
2.7
3.7
3.8
3.7
3.0
3.2
2.9
3.3
2.9

2.8
3.3
3.4
2.9
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.5
1.3
1*3
1.4
1.3

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.1
1.0
1.5
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.2

1.4
1.6
1.3
1.5
1.3

engines

.7
1 .0

.7
•8
.9

AND TURBINES - SIC 351
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

89.8
89.7
86.3
79.3
84.0

97.2
88.2
92.6
80.7
80.0
86.2

96.7
89.2
91.8
79.7
82.6
85.9

94.6
90.0
91.7
79.6
83.9
85.7

91.8
87.2
89.8
80.4
84.8
85.7

89.8
91.3
88.6
80.1
85.0
84.4

87.1
91.5
86.9
77.9
84.8

86.0
90.1
85.7
77.2
83.9

85.7
88.7
84.8
78.5
84.9

87.1
90*9
84.1
79.8
84.8

84.7
89.6
76.1
79.6
84.6

88.9
88.8
81.8
78.7
84.3

88.1
91.1
81.6
79.2
84.9

11.9
11.8
10.7
11.1

12.4
11.3
11.0
11.5

12.2
12.8
10.2
10.9
11.5

12.3
11.5
11.3
11.5

13.4
11.7
11.0
11.7

54.3
58.5
53.5
49.4
56.1

55.9
60.6
53.2
51.1
55.7

53.6
59.3
45.6
51.3
56.0

57.9
58.5
51.5
50.8
55.7

57.1
60.6
51.5
51.2
56.2

105.20
109.08
111.95
116.29
121.20

106.53
110.02
107.48
115.42
121.20

104.68
109.87
109.98
117.16
121*20

107.33
111.65
112.18
119.43
122.40

2.65
2.73
2.77
2.90
3.00

2.65
2.74
2.82
2.90
3.00

2.65
2.75
2.84
2.92
3.Q0

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

12.9
12.1
11.2
11.5

14.1
13.7
13.9
11.7
11.4
11.8

13.5
13.8
11.5
11.9
11.4

13.6
13.7
11.4
11.6
11.0

13.1
13*0
12*5
11.7
12.0
10.9

13.4
11.7
11.4
11.2
10.6

12.8
11.5
10.6
11.1

12.1
12*4
11.3
10.7
11.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

58.0
59.3
55.5
50.3
55.7

64.0
57.6
61.9
51.0
52.1
57.5

63.6
58.3
61.0
50.3
55.0
56.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

103*34
109.48
109.69
114.80
119.88

101.85
107.59
109.34
111.00
114.62
120.99

103.02
108.40
106.86
112.40
118.15
123.11

61.9
59.2
60.8
50.2
55.9
56.7

59.7
57.2
58.9
51.0
57.0
56.7

58.2
61.1
57.6
50.8
57.0
55.4

55.6
61.3
55.9
48.8
56.6

54.3
59.9
54.2
48.2
55.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
102.14
109.86
111.10
112.86
119.02
124.23

101.12
110.24
106.59
116.00
120.95
119.30

102.03
110.68
110.12
113.72
121.47
122.41

103.86
110.42
112.31
114.23
121.18

101.14
107.60
110.25
113.08
115.74

103.81
108.14
111.04
114.34
120.09

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.59
2.69
2.77
2.87
2.96




2.54
2.65
2.72
2.81
2.88
2.98

2.55
2.67
2.74
2.81
2.91
3.01

2.56
2.66
2.75
2.85
2.91
3.03

2.56
2.65
2.74
2.85
2.95
2.99

2.57
2.68
2.76
2.85
2.97
3.03

2.59
2.68
2.78
2.87
2.97

2.58
2.69
2.77
2.87
2.93

2.61
2.69
2.79
2.88
2.98

2.63
2.70
2.82
2.90
3.00

173

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

ENGINES ANO

January

TURBINES -

February

March

Arl
pi

May

J
uly

June

August

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

39.9
40.7
39.6
40.0
40.5

40.1
40.6
40.2
39.5
39.8
40.6

40.4
40.6
39.0
40.0
40.6
40.9

39.9
41.3
40.4
39.6
40.9
41.0

39.5
41.6
38.9
40.7
41.0
39.9

39.7
41.3
39.9
39.9
40.9
40.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

1 958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2 .0
2 .0

2 .2

2 .2

1 .6

1 .6

3.2

3.2

2.4

2.9
2.5

3.0

1.9

2 .2

1 .1

1 .8
2 .2

1 .2

1 .6

2.3

1 .8
1 .8

2 .0
3.6

2 .2
2.9
3.2

.7

1 .6
.8
.6
1.4

1.7

2.3

2 .0

2 .6

2.3
2.4
2.7

1.7
3.6
2.4
1.9
3.7
3.0

1.5
3.3

3.8

.7
1.7

1 .2
.3

1 .1
1 .6

2.7
3.4
3 .5
2.9
2.9

195 8
195 9
1960
1961
1962
196 3

.5
.9
.5
.4
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

1.9

2 .8
2 .0

2 .6
1 .8

1 .1
2 .2

4.1

2.3
3.7

2 .6

2 .2

.7
1.7
1. 3
.5
2.4

.5
1.9

1 .1

1 .1
.6
2 .2
1 .1

2 .6
1 .8

2 .0
1*1

2 .8

2.4
4.4

2.5
2.5
2.3

2 .6

1 .8
2.4

2 .6
2 .8
2 .8

•6

.5
.7

.6
.8

.6

.7
.4

.7
.5
.7
•6

.6
•6
.4
.4

.3
•4
.4

.6
.6

1 .1

2.7

2.9

•8

1 .0

1 .0
1 .0

1 .1
1 .1

1 .2
2 .0

PER

2.9
.7

1 .8

1.3

1*7

1 .1
1 .0




2 .2

2 .0
2 .1

2.3

1.7
2.3

2.4
1.4
1. 7
1.9

1.3
1.9
1.9

2 .0
1 .8
2 .2
2.5

3.2

2 .6
1 .6
3.0
2.3

2 .1
2 .8

2.4
5.2

2.7
2.3

2 .0

2 .6

1 .8

3.7

EMPLOYEES
.5
.4
2 .2
1* 5
.7
1 .1
.7
.5

.6

1 .0

1.4
.7
.7

1.5

1 .6

1 .1

1.9

.5
.7
.7

2.7
2.9
5*5
4.3

2.3
4.0
4.6
2.3
3.1

4.4
3.4
2.4
2.5

.5
1*3
.4
.4
•8

•6

.6

1 .6
.8
.8
1 .1

149
•8
4*4
*7

2.5
.7

1 .1

.8

.6
.8

•6
4.3
2.4
2.4
.7

41.4
36.1
37.2
35.4
35.2

40.8
36.4
37.4
35.1
34.1

40.2
36.1
30.5
34.6
35.2

39.5
36.4
37.2
34.9
35.4

39.5
36.2
36.8
34.7
35.4

4.9
5.1
4.6
4.1

4.9
5. 1
4.5
4.1

5. 5
4.9
3.9
4.4
4.1

5.0
5.0
4.4
4.1

5 .0
5.0
4.4
4.1

1 .0

100 EMP L O Y E E S
2 .6
4.4
4.7
3.8
3.7
2 .8
2.7
2.7
3.1
3*5

EMPLOYEES
.5

.4

1 .0

*8

.5
.3
.7

*3
.3
.5

100

.8
.8

1 .6
1 .2

1 .0

.9

.9
.3
.9

1 .0

1 .0

.3
.7
•8

1 .8

1 .8

.7
.4
.4

.6

1.7

1. 3
5.7
4.0
3.5

3.0
2.4

2 .0

1 .8

.5
.7
•6
.5
.5

.5
.5
.3
.5
.4

2 .1

EMPLOYEES

3.5

1 .8

2 .6
2 .2

1. 9
1. 7
.7
.9

1 .6
2 .0

5.4
5.0
4.9
4.3
4. 1

1.7

2 .2
2 .1

3.6
3.4
2.5
3.5
3.2

3.7

1 .1
1.3

.9
.9

1.3

.8

1 .2

2.7
2. 3

.9
.7

1 .8
1 .2
.5

SIC 3 5 1 1

44.6
35.8
35.1
36.1
34.2
35.2

43.4
35.5
35.3
36.2
34.1
35.3

6 .1
4.9
4.9
4.7
4.1

2 .0
2 .2

HOURS

2 *2

.3
•8
.5

.4

42.7
32.6
35*6
35.9
34.0
35.3
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1 963

40.5
40.6
39.5
40.9
40.8

3.3
2.4
3.4
4. 1

100
.5

.8

45.1
38.6
36.3
36.3
34.3
35.3

39.5
40.1
39.0
40.4
40.4

10 0 E M P L O Y E E S
1.7
1 .8
3.8
3.4
2. 5
2*0
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.0

.7
.4
1. 3

ALL EMPLOYEES

41.9
36. 1
36.0
35.5
34.7

40.2
40.3
38.8
39.8
40.4

2 *1

2 .8

1 .0

TURBINESi -

40.0
40.4
39.7
40.1
40.4

2 .0

P E R 100
.4

1.5

STEAM ENGINES AND

39.8
40.2
39.8
39.7
40.3

1.7
2.3

1 .0
.6

LAYOFFS

1.9
.7
2.9

December

1 .1

•6
1 .1

2.7

1.5
2.5
1.7
1. 4

2.3

SEPARATIONS PER
3.9
3.8
2 .6
3. 1
3*7
3.4
2.9
5.0
3.0
3.8
3.3
2 .2

3.6

.6

1. 5
.9

November

2 .2

NEW HIRES
•4
1.7
.7
•4

2 .0

OVERTIME

1 .6

2.5

QUITS PER

1 .6
2 .0

October

HOURS

39.2
40.0
39.8
39.4
39.5

1.9
3.3
2. 3

ACCESSIONS PER
1.3
1 .1
3.5
4.0
1. 9
1 .8
2 *8
3.3
3.8
2 .8
2*3
2.3

3.4

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

1 958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

40.1
41.2
40.4
39.8
40.8

AVERAGE WEEKLY

2 .6

1.9

September

SIC 3 5 1 — C O N T I N U E D

5.0
4.8
4.8
4.3
4.1

5.0
4.9
4.9
3.8
4.1

5.9
4.4
4.9
4.8
4. 2
4.1

42.1
36.1
36 . 8
35.8
34.7
35.4

-- IN T H O U S A N D S

41.8
36.4
36.8
35.6
34.9

EMPLOYEES - I N

4.9
5.0
4.7
4.2
4.1

41.3
36.5
37.1
35.2
34.9

THOUSANDS

4.9
5.0
4.7
4.2

5.6
4.9
5.1
4*7
4.2

174

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

STEAM

ENGINES

January
AND

February

TURBINES

~ SIC

March

May

Arl
pi

PRODUCTION

1958
1959
1 960
1961
1962
1963

24.2
20.3
19.7
1 9.7
19.5

26.5

2 2 .1
2 0 .6
2 0 .1
19 . 2
19 . 9

26.1
19 . 2
1 9.3
19.9
19 . 3
19.8

25.2
1 9.1
19.3

2 0 .0
19.2
19.8

112.06
116.58
120.90
125.45
128.88

108.00
113.48
116.13
119.87
125.45
130.33

109.61
113.15
119.50
123.22
126.98
132.43

108.54

1 1 2 .8 6
122.40
123.72
126.05
131.78

2.76
2.90
3.00
3.09
3.19

2 .6 6

2 .6 8

2.83
2.94
3.05
3.09
3.21

2.85
2.98
3. 0 5
3 .12
3.23

August

2.70
2.85
3 . CO
3.07
3.12
3.23

24.1
20.3

2 0 .6

2 0 .6

19.8
19 . 7
19 . 8

19.7
1 9.8

AVERAGE

1 EEKLY
W

109.62
115.09
120.99
122.71
130.73
132.60
- VERAGE
A

1 958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.6
40.2
40.3
40.6
40.4

40.6
40.1
39.5
39.3
40.6
40.6

40.9
39.7
40.1
40.4
40.7
41.0

40.2
39.6
40.8
40.3
40.4
40.8

•8

.5
2.4
1.4

.5
1.9
1.9
1.5
2.4

•8
2.3
2.3
1.9
2.3
1.7

2 .1
1.9

2 .2
2.3

2 .0
1 .8
2 .0

2 .0

2.70
2.98
3.06
3.16
3.23

110.28
113.87
121.58
121.35
124.34

EARNINGS -

2.74
2.89
2.99
3.09
3.22

2.72
2.87
2.98
3.06
3.22
3.25

2 .8 8

40.3
40.1
40.6
40.1
40.6
40.8

40.2
39.9
40.2
40.1
39.1
40.7

A C C ESSIONS PER
.5
.6
1.7
2.7
1. 9
1.7
1 .6
2.3
2.9
2 .2
1.9
1.5
NEW HIRES

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1 963

.2
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
196 3

2 .1
2 .8

3.1 *
2. 4

2. 5

2 .2

2 .2
2 .2

3.0
2.4
1.7

2 .1

2 .0
2 .0

1.9

1.5

1 .6

2.5

•6
.3
.3
.3
.3

.5
.4
.3

•6
•6
•2
.3

.5
.4

.6

•1
.3
.3
.4
.4
.9

•2
.3
.4
.3
.3
.7

•2

2 .0

2.3
3.4
3.4

.2
.4
.5
.4
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
•6
.3
.3
.3

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

1.3
.7

2.3
•8

1 .2
1 .0

.6

.6
.8

.5
.3

.7
•1

.1
.1

.2

.4
•5




.2
.2
.2

November

December

.2
.3

1.4

1 .2
1.4
.3
;4

1 .0

13.9
19.4
19.7

2 2 .6
2 0 .8
2 0 .6

22.7

2 C.6

19.6
19.9

118.82
121.58
119.69
128.54
133.90

116.12
119.99
120.80
128.74
131.78

114.74
122.89
118.50
129.68
132.43

2.87
2.98
2.97
3.12
3.25

2 .8 6

3.02
3.12
3.22

2.85
2.94
3.03
3.13
3.26

2.97
3.02
3.14
3.23

2.84
2 . 99
3 . 07
3 . 14
3.23

41.1
40.4
41.5
41.3
40.4

41.0
40.5
40.4
41.6
41.0

41.4
40.8
40.3
41.2
41.2

40.6
40.4
40.0
41.0
40.8

40.4
41.1
38.6
41.3
41.0

.9
1.9

•8
2.4

.9
1.3

.9
1.7
2.3

19.5
19 . 8

40.5
40.7
40.9
41.0
40.2

113.85
116.35
125.33
128.86
130.09

IN D O L L A R S

2.75
2.89
2.98
3.08
3.18

2.77

2 .8 8

HOURS

40.1
39.4
40.8
39.4
39.1

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.9
.7
2.9
2.3
2.4
2 .1
2 .0
3.2
2 .0
3.2

1 .8

2 .1

1 .0
1 .6
1 .1

3.0
3.4

2*3

2.4

2 .6

1 .8

2 .2
2 .0
1 .6

.2
1 .1

.2

.1

•2
.3
.4

.6

•2
.3
.3
.5

2 .1
2 .8

1.3

1 .2

2 .2

2.5
2 .7

•1

l.l
1.0

1.0

.8

.7
.5

.7

.7

116.85
119.07
122.41
130.21
133.66

2 0 .6

20.3
1 9 .6
19.9

1 .1

.6

23.1

2 0 .6

EMPLOYEES
.3
.3

.4
•3
.7

23.5
20.9
2 0 .R
19 . 6
18.7

23.8
20.7

PE R 1 0 0
•1

.1
.2

PER

.7
1.3

.6

.6
.6

.7
.5
.9

2 .1
1 .2

•1
•2
.5
•3
.4

.6

.3
.3

SEPARATIONS
3. 2
2.3

October

E A R N I N G S - IN D O L L A R S

110.97
117.62
122.29
126.69
129.44

1 OURLY
H

23.3
20.9
20.5
19.4
19.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY
1958
1959
196 0
1961
1 962
1 963

September

IN T H O U S A N D S

24.5
20.5

108.54
114.91
119.80
122.71
123.56
131.46

PRODUCTION- WORKER

195 8
1959
I960
1961
196 2
196 3

WORKERS -

24.8
17.1
19.5
19.7
19.3
19.8

PRODUCTION-WORKER

195 8
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

Ju y
l

June

3511— CONTINUED

100 E M P LOYEES

2 .6

2 .6

2 .2

1 .6

1.5

2. 5

2.9
2. 9
1.9

3.2
2.5
2.4

2.5

1 .8
2 .1

2 .2
1 .6
1 .6

1 .8

1 .8

2 .1

3.3

3.8

1.3

1.5

.4
•4
•2
•3
.4

.5
.7
.3
.3
.5

2 .6

QUITS
•4
.5
•3

.2
•2
•3
LAYOFFS
1. 9
.9
•4
•4

.2
•1

PER

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
•6
.7
.3
•2
.3
•2
.3
•4

.6

2.7
3.7
3.3
2.9
2.5

1.9

2 .6
1 .6

.7

.6

1 .2

.5

•6
.7
.5

.2

1.7
.5
.5 1
.5
•3

1.3
•6
•6
•6
•2

.3
.3

2.4
1. 7
1.4

•4
.7
.3
.3

.2

2 .0
1.7

.3
•2
.3

.2
.2

.2
P ER 100 EMPLO Y E E S
.9
1 .8
1.3
.8
.4
•4
.3
.4
.2
.4
.8
•4
.3
1.7
.2
.3

.7

.2
.2
.1
1 .8

•6
.4
•6
•2

.1

.7
.7
•9
•3
•3

175

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

INTERNAL COM B U S T I O N

February

ENGINES*

March

N.E.C.

Arl
pi

- SIC

May

ALL EMPLOYEES -

195 8
1959
1 960
1961
196 2
1963

47.9
53.7
50.3
43.8
49.3

5 2.1
49.6
56.3
44.4
45.7
50.9

52.1
53.4
56.7
43.6
48.4
50.7

51.2
54.5
56.4
43.4
49.8
50.4

49.1
54.6
54.2
44.5
50.8
50.4
FEMALE

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

8 .0
8 .0
7 .2
6. 5
7.3

8.3
8.9

6 .8
7.1
7.7

45.3
55.1
50.1
42.3
49.9

47.7
55.2
51.8
44.3
50.3
49.0
EMPLOYEES

-

8 .6
8 .8

8 .6
7. 6
6.9
7.8
6. 8

6.5
7.8
6.9

33. 8
3 9.1
35.8
30.7
36.2

37.5
35.5
41.3
30.9
32.9
37.6

37.5
39.1
41.7
30.4
35.7
3 7.1

36.7
40.1
41.5
30.2
36.7
36.9

September

October** November

December

34.9
40.1
39.4
31.3
37.7
36.9

8.5
6.7
6.7
7.0
6.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER

33.7
40.6
37.0
31.0
37.3
35.6

44.5
53.5
45.6
45.0
49.4

49.4
52.4
44.6
43.8
48.9

48.6
54.9
44.8
44.5
49.5

6.5
7.4

6.7
7.9
6.3
6.5
7.4

7.3
6.5
6.9
7.4

8.4
6 .7

7.0

30.5
37.8
32.9
29.9
36.3

44.7
53.6
48.6
47.0
49.0

32.4
39.7
32.4
31.5
37.0

30.5
38.7
31.7
31.9
36.3

35.3
37.7
30.9
31.2
35.8

34.4
4G.0
3 1.2
31.6
3 6 .3

44.3
52.6
47.6
43.1
49.7

46.3
54.5
46.7
44.7
50.7

7.0
6.7

6 .2

IN T H O U S A N D S

7.2
8.5
9.0
6.7
7.6
7.3

August

IN T H O U S A N D S

7.9
6.5
5.9
6.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS -

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
196 3

Ju y
l

June

3519

IN

7.5

6 .1

6.9

6 .6
7.6

THOUSANDS

31.5
40.5
35.3
29.1
36.8

AVERAGE WEEKLY

6. 5
7.5

6 .2
6 .0

31.0
39.0
33.7
28.8
35.7

EARNINGS

-

IN D O L L A R S

1951
1952
195 3
1954
1955

77.04
79.27
81.20
81.16
89.40

76.79
81.89
79.18
81.19
85.47

75.90
81.32
80.19
81.39
87.77

78.26
79.19
81.39
79.97
86.09

77.65
79.04
81.20
79.76
85.88

76.62
78.28
80.40
81.58
90.72

76.99
78.09
82.42
81.99
90.49

74.75
77.18
82.22
81.77
87.91

76.68
76.55
78.78
79.10
86.43

75.26
76.55
80.77
81.33
90.67

7-8.73
78.72
82.40
80.29
92.3?

76.59
80.75
81.37
80.16
91.43

R1.27
83.78
83.63
85.67
93.44

1956
1957
1958
1959
196 0

92.80
94.01
97.32
105.52
104.15

92.32
93.43
97.66
103.89
106.37

92.74
93.20
98.40
106.04
101.26

93.60
92.57
97.66
108.62
105.99

93.56
91.87
95.94
108.54
99.96

91.35
93.46
96.29
108.52
104.54

92.80
95.36
98.31
106.40
106.67

92.11
92.34
94.33
103.97
103.10

89.67
92.49
95.84
103.46
102.17

92.86
95.89
97.07
103.57
105.06

92.40
95.06
97.07
104.00
101.99

92.63
96.04
97.39
104.14
102.64

94.37
97.27
102.06
106.25
107.60

1961
1962
196 3

107.71
114.62

104.94
108.47
116.12

105.21
113.00
118.20

105.57
115.08

111.79
119.42

105.81
116.72

107.56
111.16

104.88
114.86

107.53
114.69

107.25
114.40

1 1 0 .0 0

113.15
116.81

1 2 0 .0 1

1 1 2 .6 8

107.98
116.44
116.58

1.84
1.89
2.05
2.08
2.19

1.87
1.92
2.06
2.08
2.23

1.85
1.96
2.06
2.05
2.23
2. 3 1
2.45
2.51
2 .61

2 .6 8

2.33
2.45
2. 52
2.63
2.69
2 . 78
2.87

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS -

1.79
1.90
1.98
2.05

1.82
1.89
1.99
2.04

1.81
1. 9 0

1.82
1.90

2 .0 0

2 .0 0

2.06
2.17

1.79
1.90
1.96
2.04

2.04

2 .1 0

2 .1 2

2 .1 1

2 .1 1

2.06
2.16

1956
1957
1958
1959
196 0

2.2 8
2.38
2.47
2.58
2.65

2.23
2.33
2.46
2.54
2.62

2.24
2.33
2.46
2.58
2.63

2.25
2.32
2.46
2.58
2.63

2.26
2.32
2.46
2.56
2 .61

1961
1962
1963

2.72
2.83

2.65
2.76

2.70
2.80
2.92

2.72
2.85

2 .8 6

2.65
2.79
2.89

1951
1 952
1953
1954
1955

42.1
41.5
40.2
39.4
41.2

42.9
43.1
40.4
39.8
40.7

42.4
42.8
40.5
39.7
41.4

43.0
41.9
40.9
39.2
40.3

42.9
41.6
40.6
39.1
40.7

42.1
41.2
40.2
39.6
42.0

42.3
41.1
40.6
39.8
41.7

1956
1957
195 8
1 959
1 960

40.7
39.5
39.4
40.9
39.3

41.4
40.1
39.7
40*9
40.6

41.4
40.0
40.0
41.1
38.5

41.6
39.9
39.7
42.1
40.3

41.4
39.6
39.0
42.4
38.3

40.6
39.6
39.3
41.9
39.6

1961
1962
1963

39.6
40.5

39.6
39.3
40.6

39.7
40.5
40.9

39.1
41.1
41.1

41.1
41.9
39.4

39.7
41.0
40.2

1951
1952
1953
195 4
1 955

1.8 3
1.91

2 .0 2

2 .8 6

IN D O L L A R S
1.89
1.99
2.07

1. 8 2
1.90
2.03
2.06
2.17

1.81
1.92
2.03
2.07
2.16

2 .0 2

2.25
2.36
2.45
2.59
2.64

2.28
2.39
2.47
2.57

2.27
2.39
2.47
2.58
2.64

2. 3 1
2.44
2.47
2.57

2 .6 6

2. 2 8
2.38
2.45
2.53
2.63

2 .6 8

2.31
2.45
2.47
2.60
2.67

2.72
2.84
2.90

2.72
2.84

2.73
2.80

2.71
2.85

2.75

2.75

2 .8 6

2 .8 6

2.75
2.87

41.3
40.2
40.5
39.5
40.7

41.9
40.5
39.0
38.4
40.2

40.9
40.5
39.4
39.1
41.4

42.1
41.0
40.0
38.6
41.4

41.4
41.2
39.5
39.1
41.0

43.0
4 2.1
40.4
40.6
41.9

40.7
39.9
39.8
41.4
40.1

40.4
38 . 8
38.5
40.3
39.2

39.5
38.7
38.8
40.1
38.7

40.2
39.3
39.3
40.3
39.2

40.0
38.8
39.3
40.0
38.2

40.1
39.2
38.8
39.9
38.3

40.5
39.7
40.5
40.4
40.0

38.9
41.1

39.4
39.7

38.7
40.3

39.1
40.1

39.0
40.0

40.0
40.2

40.7
40.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY




115.37

1.83
1.89
2.06
2.15

2 .1 1
2.23

HOURS

176

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year

INTERNAL

January

COMBUSTION

February

ENGINES,

Arl
pi

March

N.E.C.

- SIC

ACCESSIONS
1.9
4. 5
1.9
3.7
4.5
2.5

3.1
4. 5
2. 4
3.5
3.9

2.7
4. 6
3.1

2.3
4.1
3.0

1 .8

2 .1

2 .2
2 .6

5.1
3. 7

5.3
3. 0

4.7
2.5

1 958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

1 .2

1 .2

1 .2

2. 4

2.9
1.7

2.7
1.9

.7
3.0
1.5

.2
1 .6
2 .1

.6

.6

2 .6
1.0
.6

3.8
1. 4

3.5
1. 5

3.0
1.4

1.0
.7

1 958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1 963

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
1.7
2.5
5.6

3.3
3.8
4.2
3.5
3.3

195 8
195 9
1960
1961
1962
196 3

FARM

2 .0

4.7
2.5
2.3
3.0
3.4
3.1

1.9

2 .6
2. 5

2 .8

2 .0

4.7

2.9

.6
1 .1

.6

.7
.5
.9

.8

.5
.9
•8
.4
.5
.5

•8
.5
.5
.9

.5
.9

.8

1 .1

3.7

.7
1.4

1 .0

4.6

1 .6

1 .2

.5
1.3

2 .1
1 .6
1 .6

1.5
.5

2. 4

2 .2

1 .2

3.1
2.3

1 .2

2. 5

MACHINERY

.6
1 .0
1 .0

AND

.9

E Q U I P M E N T - SIC

NEW HIRES
.7

112 . 7
122.3
112.3
108.8
112.4

115.2
100.9
118.4
113.3
103.3
118.5

118.0
121.5

1 2 0 .8
117.9
109.6
123.4

9.6
9. 5

9.5
10.7
9.9
9.3
9.7

PER
.7
3.9

100

81.5

8 8 .8
78.4
76.2
80.5

83.6
70.8
84.2
79.9
72.1
86.4

93.50
99.47
99.05

1 0 2 .6 6
107.59




92.34
94.00
99.05
102.91
104.00

1 1 1 .6 6

November

December

1 .8

1 .2

3.5
4.3
2. 9
3. 7
4.6

6 .0

1.0
1 .8

1.7

4.1

2 .8
4.4
3.7

1 .8
.8

.7

.8

.9
2.5

1.5

5.3
3.2
1.9
3.4

2 .6

3.0
1.9

.6
.9

.8

3.1
3.9
3.1
2.5
3.4

2.7
7.5
1.9
5.0

1 .8

1.5
1.5

1.4
.3
1.3
1.4

2 .2

.2
1.0
1 .2

100

EMPLOYEES
6.4
3.5
5.6
4.6
4.6
3. 6
2.9
3.2
3.7
3.6

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
.4
1.3
1 .2
•8
.7
.4
.3

2 .0

1 .6

4. 2
5. 7
1.9
3.4

5.5
4.3

.6

.5

1.9
.9
.9

.7
.9
.5
.5

1 .0

1 .6

.8

3. 0
1.3
7.7

1 .0
1.7
4.2

.4
4.1
3.4

.8
1 .1

1.3

3.9
3. 4

8 .6
2 .0
4.7

2 .2
3.1

1.4

8 .1
5.3
5.0
2.4

2 .2
1 .8
3.1

2 .8
1.9

PER

.7

1 .0
.8

.8

1 .2
.8

LAYOFFS
3.8
1.4
3.1
2.7

.4

1 .2
.4
.4
.7

P E R 100 E M P L O Y E E S
3.9
5.5
2.7
4.0
2.9
.6
2 .8
3. 6
2. 7
.6
6. 3
1.4
2. 5
.4
1.3
3.3

EMPLOYEES

119.4
127.2
120.4

118.1
129.2
116.3

1 2 0 .2

1 2 0 .6

114.2
125.1

115.5
125.0

-

.6
1 .6
.6

1 .2
•6

.6

.6
.6
.8
.7
.7

•6
.7
.3
.7
.5

.5
6.9
3.9
4.1
l.l

l.l
.7
2.5

96.4
115.9
110.3
101.7
114.5

1 .8
•6

IN T H O U S A N D S

115.4
132.5
113.1
117.0
115.4

114.7
132.2

1 1 2 .2
110.3
114.8

113.5
130.3
109.3
105.3
113.2

109.5
118.3
106.8
99.3

1 1 1 .8

1 1 1 .0

110.3

1 1 0 .6

124.1
106.6
101.3
112.9

1 2 0 .0

114.9
106.4
99.9
111.4

106.5
99.3

1 1 2 .0

1 2 2 .6
E
1 MPLOYEES

-

IN T H O U S A N D S

10 . 9

1 0 .0

1 1 .0
1 0 .8
1 0 .2

9.4
9.8

9.8

9.7

9.6

1 0 .2

1 0 .2

1 0.7
11.3

10.4

1 0 .1

10.5
10.9

1 1 .1
1 0 .6
1 0 .2

8 6 .2
89.2
86.5
84.4
78.5
90.4

87.4
94.3

8 6 .1
86.5
82.0
91.9

8 7.1
95.8
82.1
86.9
83.4
91.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1 960
1961
1 962
1963

October

1 .6

1 .0

1 .6
1 .6

EMPLOYEES
•6
.7
2. 9
1 .8
.7
1 .2
.5
.8

•6
1.7

11.4
10.3
9.7
9.6

11.3
10.4

1 0 .0

PRODUCTION WORKERS

1 958
19 59
1960
196 1
1962
1963

September

35 2

1 1 .1
1 0 .8
1 0 .2

August

100 E M P L O Y E E S
2 .8
2.4
4.4
4.2
2.5
2 .0
4.0
4.7
3.7
3.3

1.0

QUITS
.7
1.5

FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PE R

1 .6
4.9
1.9
4.1
3. 2
2.9

S E P A R A T I O N S PER
4.8
5.0
3.5
2.4
4.5
3. 8
7. 5
3.7
3.8
5.1
2.9
4.7

ALL

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1 963

Jl
uy

3519— CONTINUED

1958
1959
1 960
1961
1 962
1963

2 .0

1.4
4.8

June

May

92.97
99.14
96.43
104.49
107.12
113.16

94.94
103.15
98.65
103.31
108.73
112.61

93.61
102.17
98.82
104.75
108.62

1 1 1 .6 6

84.2
99.2
79.0
83.6
83.2
89.6
, VERAGE
A
95.58
101.92
98.66
103.06
107.30
109.07

-

1 0 .0

1 0 .6
1 0 .0

9.5
9.5

9. 2
9.4

10.9
9.6
9.0
9.4

1 0 .8

1 0 .6

9.7
8.9
9.4

9.6
9.1
9.5

79.7
89.6
73.1
69.4
80.9

79.3
85.9
73.3
67.9
80.3

79.7
81.2
73.4

93.20
98 . 3 1
100.35

94.37
98.70
100.35
101.85
108.41

86.48
96.58
100.44

10.7
9.8
9 .3
9.7

IN T H O U S A N D S

83.6
98.2
77.8
76.7
82.6

WEEKLY

81.9
95.5
75.0
72.8
80.7

EARNINGS -

95.12

1 0 1 .1 1
98.49
102.29
107.33

95.71
98.89
98.80
99.84
106.27

77.9
84.2
72.7

6 6 .8
79.6

6 8 .8
79.7

6 6 .8
81.9
77.1
70.6
82.6

IN D O L L A R S
92.46
97.20
99.54
99.65
107.18

1 0 2 .0 0
107.46

1 0 2 .6 6
108.14

93.90
98.80

1 0 2 .0 0
104.64
110.43

177

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

Year
FARM

MACHINERY

January

February

Arl
pi

March

AND E Q U I P M E N T - SIC

352—

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.3 2
2.45
2.47
2.56
2.65

2.28
2.35
2.47
2.56
2.60
2.73

2.29
2.43
2.46
2.58
2.60
2.74

2.31
2.45
2.46
2.57
2.62
2.74

AVERAGE HOURLY

2.30
2.45
2.44
2.58
2.63
2.73

2.32
2.45
2.43
2.57
2.63
2.72

PRODUCTION— WORKER

1958
1 959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

40.3
40.6
40.1
40.1
40.6

40.5
40.0
40.1
40.2
40.0
40.9

40.6
40.8
39.2
40.5
41.2
41.3

41.1
42.1
40.1
40.2
41.5
41.1

40.7
41.7
40.5
40.6
41.3
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1 963

1958
195 9
1 960
1961
1962
1963

2 .1
2 .2

2 .0
2 .1

2. 3
2.7

1.9

1.7
1.4

2 .0
1 .6

2 .1
2 .0

2.5
2.5

1 .6
2 .1

2.4
3.5
2. 3

2 .1

3.1

8 .2

6 .6

6.5
6.9
7.4
6.3

4.8
5.0
5.5
5.4

4.1
4.8
4.8
3.5

1.7

1 .8

2 .1

2 .8
2 .0

3. 9
3.1

5.2
2.5

1. 7
5.2

1.4

2 .1

1 .6

2 .1

2.4
3.9

3.0
4.1

3.2
1.7
2.9

2.5
2. 3
4. 2
3.2
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.1
4.6
5.1
5.2
3.5

1 958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

.9
1.5
.9

2 .8
2 .2
2 .1

2 .1
2 .0
2 .8
2 .6

5.0
3.0
4.9
4.1
3.2
2.7

2 .1

1 958
1959
I 960
1 961
1962
1963

.8
1 .0

.9
.7
.7

.8
.8

2.7
2. 4
3.4
3.6

2 .2

1 .8

.8

.4
1.5
1.5

2 .2

2 .1
3.7
1.7

1 .8
2.5
2.4

.5

CONSTRUCTION AND RELATED

.8

1 .1

1.7
.9

2.3

.7
.7
.9

1 .0
1 .0
1 .2

1.5
.4

3.7
.4
3.0
2.4
1.5

1.9
•4
.4

.8

MACHINERY

-

SIC

1 .2
1 .0
1.4

1 .6
LAYOFFS
2.9
.9
3.9
2.4

1 .0
1 .0

205.3
225.6
221.3
200.9
210.7




227.1
211.4
232.5
197.4
202.9
210.3

222.7
213.5
235.0
1 9R.1
205.1
210.4

218.0
218.9
235.1
198.3
208.8
210.8

November

December

40.2
40.0
40.3
39.7
40.6

2.33
2.47
2.49
2.55

2 .6 6

2.33
2.48
2.49
2.54
2.69

2.35
2.47
2.53
2.56
2.69

2.33
2.47
2.55
2.59
2.72

40.0
39.8
40.3
40.0
40.4

40.5
39.8
40.3
40.1
40.3

36.8
39.1
39.7
40.1
40.2

4C.3
40.0
40.0
40.4
40.6

1 .0
1 .0
1 .6
1 .6
1 .6

HOURS

2 .0

2 .1
1 .6
2 .2

2 .0

2 .0

1.3
1.7

1.4
1. 9

1.5

2 .1

1 .6
1 .8

100 E M P L O Y E E S
6 .6
3. 7
4.8
2.4
5.7
3.8
3.0
3.4
4.0
3.1

4.3
2.7
4. 2
4.6
4.0

3.8
2.7
5. 3
5.0
3. 4

3.6
4. 2
3.3

1.7

100

EMPLOYEES
2 .0
1.4
1.7

3. 8

1 .8

2 .1
1 .2

1.4
2.7

2 .1
.9
1.9

1.9

1.4

1.9
1.7
2.3
1.4

1.4
1.9

3.4

2 .0

1 .8
1.3
1.3

1 .8
1.9

5.6
4.6
5.0
4.2
4.1

5.0
5.0
4.5
5.1
5.5

2.3
1.4

1 .2

1.4

1 .2

.9

3.0

1 .0

1 .0
1 .2

1 .1

1.3

1 .6

1.7

1 .8

1.3
1.4

3. 2
5.7
4.2

4.3

5.4
4.6

4.8
7.6
7.2
5.5
5.2

2.7
7.0
3.7
4.1
3.1

1 .1
.9

2 .0

2 .1
100 E M P L O Y E E S
5.2
4.3
4.3
4.8
5.6
5.9

8 .6

8 .1

6 .6

4.8

4.1

4. 5

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.9
.9
1.7
2 .2
.9
1 .1

6 .2
6 .2

7.0
3.9
3.6
2.5

2 .1

PER

.8
1 .1

1 .0
1.4
1.4
P E R 100
5.8
1.7
4.7
4.3
1.5
3.8

•8
1.3

1 .2

1 .6

.9

.7

.7

1.7

1 .0
1 .0

2.5
1.7

1 .1
.8

.8

.8

.7

.6
.6

.7

.6

.5

.8

.7

.6

.7
.9

1.3

1 .2
1 .6

EMPLOYEES
3.0
3. 3
1 .8
2. 9
3.9
4.4
6.9
6.7
3.1
2.4

1 .6

2 .2

3.3
2.7
4.9
2. 5

3.3
3. 8
3. 5
2.4

2 0 0 .0

199.6
237.1
213.0
204.0
213.6

3.5
5.8
5.7
4.1
3.7

1.7
5.5
2.4

199.5
219.5
207.8
201.9

182.4
213.5
202.4
195.7
210.5

2 .8
1 .8

1 .0
7.6
7.5
1.5

1 .0

353

ALL
195 8
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER
1.3
4.0

2.30
2.43
2.47
2. 5 1
2.64

2 .6
2 .1
1 .8

2 .1

S E P A R A T I O N S PER
4.5
7.2
4.1
4.7
5.9
6 .6
5.2
6 .2
3.0
3.5
3.3
5.8

.6
1 .2
.8

2 .6

OVERTIME

2.4
2.5
1.9
1.4

A CCESSIONS PER
3.8
3.8
4.7
5.3
3.4
4.3
4.8
3.3
4.0
4.2
2 .8
* 0

QUITS

.6

WEEKLY

2 .2
2 .1

NEW HIRES
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

October

WEEKLY HOURS

40.9
40.2
40.0
39.0
40.1

2 .6

2. 5

3.2

September

IN D O L L A R S

2.34
2.46
2.47
2.56
2.65

41.0
41.1
40.2
39.8
40.5

3.0
1.9
1.5

2.7

3.2

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

3.3

2 .1

8 .6

4.1
4. 8
4.6
4 .5
4.4

August

EARNINGS -

2.32
2.46
2.45
2.57
2.65

41.2
41.6
40.6
40.1
40.8
40.1

2 .0
2 .0

2 .6

J
uly

June

May

CONTINUED

EMPLOYEES

2 1 1 .2
2 2 2 .1
231.9

2 0 0 .6
210.9
211.6

199.8
232.7
228.7

2 0 2 .1
2 1 2 .0
212.3

-

IN T H O U S A N D S
198.1
238.5
226.5
203.3
214.8

199.4
236.5
223.7
202.5
213.9

233.9
219.6
204.9
214.7

2 1 0 .0

206.2
230.0
199.2

2 0 1 .8
2 1 0 .8

178

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

CONSTRUCTION

January

February

AND RELATED

March

MACHINERY

-

Arl
pi

May

FEMALE
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2 0 .8
20.3
18.7
18.7

2 2 .1
2 0 .0

2 0 .1

21.3
18.8
18.4
18.4

21.5
18.8
18.4
18 . 7

EMPLOYEES

1 958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

130.3
148.8
145.5
129.9
139.6

147.2
138.0
154.0
125.9
132.2
139.6

143.4
139.4
156.0
126.8
134.4
139.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

92.67
103.66

91.80

88.77
102.18
100.84
103.48
110.56
113.44

20.3
21.3
18.8
18.7
18.8

106.52
112.34

101.96
103.08
109.08
112.75

139.1
143.7
156.1
127.6
137.8
140.2

88.92
104.33
102.36
103.62
111.90
113.85

2.75

2.37
2 .51
2.56
2.63
2.72

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
41.3
40. 1
40.5
41.3

2.33
2.45
2.53
2.59

2.33
2.48
2.54
2.60
2.69
2.76

2.34
2.49
2.54
2.61
2.69
2.77

39.4
40.9
40.3
39.8
40.7
41.0

38 . 1
41.2
39.7
39.8
41.1
41.1

38.0
41.9
40.3
39.7
41.6
41.1

2 .6 8

18.5
18.8
18 . 7

1.4
2.5

1 .2

1 .1

2.7

1 .8

1 .8

1 .8

1.9

1.3
2.3

1.4
2.5
2. 3

3.1
1. 3
1.4
2.7
2.4

2 .6

2 .2
2 .6

AVERAGE

90.32
104.25
102.36
105.59
111.78
113.57

2 .1
2 .6
2. 7

2.34
2.50
2.54
2.62
2.70
2.77

2.35
2.50
2.56
2.62
2.72
2.78

38.6
41.7
40.3
40.3
41.4
41.0

1 .0
2 .2

1958
1959
I960
1961
196 2
196 3

3.3
3.6
3.4
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
1.3

1 .8

.7
2.4
1.5

•8

1 .6

1 .2
2 .1

1.5

1.5

3. 8

2 .0

2. 3
2.5
1.9

3.8
1.9
3.5
2.4
2.3

2 .2

2 .1

•6

1 .0

•6
•3
.3
.5
.7
.7

.5
.7
•8
.5
.7
.7

.5

•8
.7
•9




2 .1

100

2 .1
2 .8

.8
2 .2
1 .8

3. 8
2.7
2.3
2.7

per

1 .8

•8
1.7
•8
1.7
1.5

1.4
3.6
1.9
1.9
2.9

4.1

2 .2

2 .0

OVERTIME

2 .2

3.6

2 .8
2 .2

3.5

2.9
3.1
2. 5

3.3
2.7

.8
.8
•6
.3
.7

PER

.6

.6

2.4

3.1
1.3
1.3
2.4

1 .1
1 .0
2 .0
1 .8

126.6
141.7
135.0
131.3
138.9

19.2
18.6
18.7

21.3
19 .0
18.9
18.7

1 1 2 .6
136.2
130.0
125.4
139.5

132.9
151.8
127.4
131.6
139.7

IN D O L L A R S
94.01
104.17
102.54
108.24

1 1 2 .8 8

95.52
102.56
102.29
107.86
112. 6 1

94.80
101.15
102.94
107.59
112.75

95.92
101.05
102.03
106.40

98.33
103.63
102.56

1 1 1 .6 6

1 1 0 .6 8
1 1 2 .8 8

2.41
2.52
2.57

2.44
2.54
2.59

2 .6 6

2 .6 8

2.73

2.76

39.8
40.1
39.7
40.0
40.9

40.3
40.8
39.6
41.3
40.9

IN D O L L A R S
2.38
2.51
2.57
2.64
2.72

2.40
2.52
2.57
2.65
2.72

2.40
2 .51
2.58
2.65
2.73

39.5
41.5
39.9
41.0
41.5

39.8
40.7
39.8
40.7
41.4

39.5
40.3
39.9
40.6
41.3

HOURS

1 .6

1.7

1 .6

1.4

1 .8

1.9

2.9
1.9

2 .8
1 .8
2 .1
2 .8

2.4

2 .0
1 .8

1.9
1.4

2 .0

1 .8
2.3
2. 7

2.3
2.5

2 .1
2 .2

3.2

3.0
2.3

2 .6
2 .1

1 .8
2 .2
2 .0

1.4

2.5
1.4

2 .1
1 .6

1 .8
1 .6

1.3
1.3
.7

1.3

1 .2
1 .0

1 .0
1 .0

2 .0
3. 0

1.5
2.4
2.3

2.7

1 .6

2 .1
2 .8

126.4
158.6
139.8
132.8
142.3

2 1 .2

HOURS

WEEKLY

1 .8
2 .8

1.7

WEEKLY

39.0
41.5
40.0
40.7
41.7

3.0
1.9

2 .8
2 .2

126.0
155.2
145.0
133.3
143.0

2 1 .1
2 0 .0

2.37
2. 5 1
2.57
2.63
2.72

38.9
42.9
40.5
40.7
41.7

1 .0

.9
3.0

92.43
104.17
102.80
107.04
113.42

EARNINGS -

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

3.8

1.9
3. 7
2.7
2.3

EARNINGS -

2.35
2.52
2.57
2.63
2.72

38.8
42.1
40.6
40.7
41.7
41.7

1 .6

125.7
158.4
147.5
131.4
142.0

91.42
108.11
104.09
107.04
113.42

iA V E R A G E H O U R L Y

NEW HIRES
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

December

IN T H O U S A N D S

WEEKLY

91.18
105.25
103.94
106.63
113.42
115.93

18.8
18 . 8

i 9. 0
21.3
19.3
18.7
18.5

20.3
18 . 7
19 . 0

124.9
159.8
149.7
1 3 2.1
143.4

1 .6

1.9
3.4
3.4
2.5
3.2
2.4

2.3

3.3

20.4
18.7
18.7

-

ACCESSIONS;
1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
196 3

October ' November
'

21.3
19 . 5
18.8
18 . 7

2 1 .2

125.6
156.3
151.5
131.4
141.4
141.6

133.7
146.5
153.6
129.5
140.1
141.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1 .4
2. 7

2 1 .0

WORKERS

PRODUCTION-WORKER

195 8
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

September

IN T H O U S A N D S

20.7
20.7
18.6
18 . 5
18.6

2 1 .2

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

August

19 . 4

20.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1 0 2 .6 6

-

2 0 .8

PRODUCTION

1 0 0 .2 1

Ju y
l

June

SI C 3 5 3 — C O N T I N U E D

100

EMPLOYEES
3.6
3.6
4. 5
3.6
2 .8
1.9
2. 9
2.7
2.7
3.6

EMPLOYEES
1 .1
1.3
2 .8
3.4
1.9
1 .2
1.7
1.4
1.9
2.7

3.0
3.3

2 .8

2 .1

1.9

2.9
3.0

2 .8
2 .0

1 .1

1 .2
2 .0
1 .1

2. 5
1.4
1.7

1.4

1 .6

2 .1

1.7
1.5

.9
1.4
1.3

3.0
3.1
4.0
2.7
3.3

3. 2
5.3
5.3
3.7
3.2

3.0
10.5
4.2
2.5
2.7

2 .8

1 .1
.5

2 .0

S E P A R A T I O N S i PE R
4.0
5.8
2 .8
2.4
2 .8
3.4

2 .2

1 .8

2.3

2.4

2 .0

100 E M P L O Y E E S
2 .6
2.3
3.5
2.4
2 .8
3.5

1 .0
•6
.9

.8

PER

100 E M P L O Y E E S
•6
.6

1 .2

1 .1

.B
•6

.9
.7
.9

1 .0
1 .0

2 .0

1.9

2 .6
2.7
2.5
1.7

2 .2

CUITS
•6
l.l

1 .8
2 .2

2 .2
4.3
3. 7
2.3

2.3

•6
l.l
.9

.6
.9

2 .2

.8

1 .0

.7

.5

.6

1.4

1.7

1 .0

.8

1 .1

1 .2
1 .1

•6
.7

.5

.6

1.4

.8

•6

.7
.5
•6
.5

.9
1.4

179

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Yeor

Annual
Average

CONSTRUCTION

1 958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

January

2.3

2 .8

2 .0
2 .0
1 .2

1.3

.9

CONSTRUCTION

February

AND RELATED

1 .0
1 .6
.8
1 .1

AND MINING

March

MACHINERY -

2.9
•8
.9
1.5
.7

Arl
pi

|

LAYOFFS
3.1
.7

3.0
.7

2 .1
1 .2

machinery

-

1 .8
1 .2

.9
.3

1 .0

May

1 0 8.8
126.6
123.6

1 1 1 .6
1 15.2

118.9
117.7
131.2
108.5
111.5
115.0

117.5
119.1
133.6
109.8
112.4
115.4

.9
•6

SIC

1 1 .1
1 0 .6
9.6
9.4

11.5
10.5
1 1.3
9.6
9.3
9. 3

.8

69.5
85.0
8 2.7
74.5
79.1

77.2
78.3

8 8 .0
70.6
75.4
79.0

116.4
123.4
133.9

.6
.6

.7

113.7
125.5
131.9
113.1
115.3
116.3

1 1 0 .8
113.3
115.4

-

91.80
103.16
102.54
106.67

1 0 .6

1 0 .8

11.4
9.6
9.3
9. 3

11.3
9.7
9.4
9.3

75.9
79.2
89.9
72.1
76.3
79.0

74.6
82.8
90.3
73.6
77.8
79.4

1 1 2 .8 8

101.85
103.49
109.07
114.21

90.32

86.77
104.00
100.08
104.15
111.38
116.31

2 .31
2.46
2.54
2.62
2.72
2.82

2.32
2.50
2.54
2.63
2.73
2.83

10 5 . 1
13 4 . 0
13 0 . 1
113.9
116.2
116.6

104.0
136.5
127.5
114.1
117.4

EMPLOYEES

-

11 . 3

9.6
9.3
9.2

9. 6
9.4

1 0 .8

2.36
2.51
2.57

2 .6 6
2.76

91.03
105.42
102.51
106.80
114.68
117.01

91.49
105.42
104.34
107.06
114.82
117.58

39.1
41.0
40.1
39.5
40.1
40.5

37.4
41.6
39.4
39.6
40.8
41.1

37.5
42.1
40.2
39.6
41.5
41.0

1958
1 959
1960
1961
1962
1 963

2 .8

2.4
3.9
3.7
3.0
3.2

2 .2

1.9
4.1

3.8

2 .1

2 .0

3.3
3.4
2.5

3. 3
3. 5

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

.9
1.9
.9
.9

38.9
42.0
40.2
40.3
41.7
41.2
ACCESSIONS

2 .0
2.5
2.7

4.2
2.5

2 .8
2 .8

2 .6

2. 5

•6

.7
2.3
1. 5
.7
1.3
1.5

1 .6

2 .6
NEW HIRES

1 .6




2 .2
1.3
•6
1. 3
1.5

.7
2.3

1 .2
.9
1.9
1.7

8 6 .1
76.8
31.4

105.4
1 3 4.1
124.6
112.9
115.9

1 .2

1.3

1.3

1 .1

106.9
135.5
116.6
113.4
117.4

108.0
119.5
113.8
111.3
114.6

1 1 0 .1

9.4

li.4
10*0
9.5
9*4

67.8
90.1
82.7
76.7
81.2

92.9
78.0
76.6
81.2

106,7
132.8

1 2 2 .1
113.8
117.6

2.34
2.51
2.57
2.65
2.76
2.84

11.4
10.5
9.6
9.5

11.3
10.3
9. 6

66.9
92.0
84.0
75.7
79.8

EARNINGS -

92.12
107.78
103.97
107.20
114.96

AVERAGE HOURLY

PRODUCTION-WORKER
38.9
41.1
39.9
40.1
40.9

94.5

AVERAGE WEEKLY

2.34
2.51
2.55
2.65
2.75
2.84

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

3.2

1 .8

1.3
3.0
2.7
1.3

1 .0
1.4
1.7
1.4
•8

91.4
112.3

6 8 .2

106.0
114.8

9.8
11.4
9.9
9.4
9.3

11 . 3
9. 8
9.4
9.4

1 1 .3
9.7
9.4
9.4

69.6
76.8
75.4
74.9
78.5

55.5
70.5
71.9
69.8
78.5

72.9
85.6
7 0 .1
75 .4
78 .9

92.82
99.54
103.22
106.79
113.55

93.69
98.14
101.79
104.76
111.76

97.84
100.84
102.83
111.25

2.38
2.52
2.60
2.69
2.79

2.39
2.51
2.59
2.70
2.78

2.44
2.54
2 .61
2.72
2.81

39.0
39.5
39.7
39.7
40.7

39.2
3 9.1
39.3
38.8
40.2

4 0 .1
39.7
39.4
40.9
4 0.1

3.5
2.9
1.4
1.9
1.7

IN D O L L A R S

92.67
102.75

93.14
102.25

93.77
101.81

1 0 2 .6 8

1 0 2 .6 8

1 0 2 .6 8

106.13
112.83

108.00
113.16

109.75
112.74

EARNINGS -

2.35
2.53
2.58

2.37
2.50
2.58

2 .6 6

2 .6 6

2.77

2.76

2.76

2.38
2.52
2.58
2.69
2.77

39.3
40.9
39.8
40.6
41.0

39.4
40.4
39.8
40.8
40.7

3. 2

3.1

2 .1

2 .1

2 .6
1 .8

2 .2

3.1
2.3
1.4
2.3

1.9
2.7

2.7

2 .8

2 .0

1.7
1. 9
1.9

1. 4
1.9
1. 4

EMPLOYEES
•8
.7
1.9
2.9
.7
1 .2

.7
1.4

•8
1.3

.8

.8

1 .1
1.0
.6

1.4
1.3

1 .2

1.3
•8
.5
.9
.7

AVERAGE
39.2
42.6
40.3
40.3
41.5

WEEKLY

HOURS

39.1
41.1
39.8
39.9
40.9

: 00 E M P L O Y E E S
1
3.4
3.9
2.3
2 .1
2 .6
2.3
3.2
3.4
2.7

1 1 2 .6 8

IN D O L L A R S

2.37
2.50
2.58

2 .6 6

39.1
42.0
40.6
40.4
41.6
41.4

1 1 1 .8
128.4
103.2
111.4
1 1 5 .2

IN T H O U S A N D S

6 6 .2

66.3
92.6
87.6
76.5
80.6
80.7

72.7
84 . 5
88.9
75.5
79.4
80.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1 958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
196 3

2 .0
8.9
2.9

1 .2
1 .2

1 .0
1 .0

1 .8
2. 9
3.4

1 0 .0
1 1 .1
1 1 .0

9. 6
9.4
9.2

87.75
105.67
102.51
104.54
113.71
116.44

1.9
.9
2.4

IN T H O U S A N D S

1 1 .0
1 1 .2

2.34
2.51
2.55
2.64
2.74
2.84

1 0 0 .8 6

December

IN T H O U S A N D S

10 . 9

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1 963

November

.6

PRODUCTION WORKERS 1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

September j October

3531*2

FEMALE
195 8
1959
I960
1961
196 2
1 963

August

PER 100 E M P L O Y E E S
1.7
1.4
4. 8
.9
.5
1.7
1.4
1.4
2 .2

ALL EMPL O Y E E S

1958
1959
1 960
1961
1962
1963

Ju y
l

June

SIC 3 5 3 — C O N T I N U E D

per

2.4
4.2

PER

.6

.6

2. 5

3. 2

1.0
*8
2 .0
1 .8

1.0
1.0
2 .1
1. 9

100

3.6
2.5
1.5

1 .1

1.0

.9

2.4

1.7

1 .8

•8

1 .6
.7
.4

.6
.9

180

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

CONSTRUCTION

January

1 958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1 963

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9

3. 2

2 .0
2 .0

1 .6

1.7
1.9

2 .0
2 .2

.6
.7
.7
.5

.7
•6
•8

4.0

2 .0
2 .1
2 .1

1.9
1.7

2 .1

2 .2

2 .2

2 .1

2.4

.5

2 .2
1 .1

.7
•6
.9

.8
1 .1

.9

.8

•6

l.l

1 .0

MACHINERY

AND

QUITS
.5

1 .2
.9

.6
.8

.6
.8
.8

.7

2.4
.4
2.7
•8

.6
.8

EQUIPMENT -

35.9
35.6
33.3
30.7
33.3

41.9
34.6
35.7
30.3
32.6
32*5

40.6
35.0
35.8
30.2
32.9
32.2

PER

2.7

3.5
3.0
3.0
2.7

2 .8

2 .8

3.0

3.0

10 0

EMPLOYEES
•6

23.7
23.8

2 2 .1
2 0 .2
2 2 .2

38.8
35.5
35.4
29.8
33.2
32.1

3.0
3.0
2.7

3.0
3.0
2.7

2 .8
2 .8

2 .8

28.5
23.0
2 4.1
19.8

27.3
23.4
24.2
19.8

2 1 .8

2 2 .1
2 1 .1

25.8
23.8
23.9
19.4
22.3

21.4

2 .8

2 .6

2 .8

5.0
5.2
3.7
3.0

15.8
4. 8

•6
.9
.5
•6

.5

.7

.9

1 .1
.8

1 .1

1 .2

•8

.9

•6
•8

•8
.5

.6
.8

.8
1 .2

1 .6
1 .1
1 .0
1 .2

1 .0
1 .0
P E R 100
6.3
.7
1.5
.7

EMPLOYEES
1.9
.9
1.9
•6
2. 9
1.4
.8
•8
.6
.7

.6
.6

36.9
35.4
34.9
29 . 8
33.5
32.0

7. 8

3.3
3.0
2.9

2 .6
2 .8
2 .8

-

November

December

1.5

1.7

1 .0

2 .8

2 .6
2.7

.8

1 .8
2 .6

2.3
5.6
3.8
2.4
2.4

2.7
2.5
1.7

.5
.7
.5
.5
.5

.4
.5
.5

.7

.6

2.5
1.3

3.5
1.7

1.9
1 4.1
3.3
1.5

1 .0

1 .2

1 .2

1. 4
4.5
2.9
1.5
1.4

33.4
35.6
32 . 7
31.0
33.8

33.3
35.3
31.5
31.2
33.3

34.3
34.4
31.1
31.6
33.2

34.0
35.5
30.7
31.8
33 . 1

3 4.2
3 5 .8
30.8
32 .1
37.7

3.0
2.7
2. 7

2.9

2.9
2.9

2 .6

2. 9
2.7

3.0
2.7

2. 7

2 .8

2 .8

2 .8
2 .8

2 .8
2 .8

22.7
24.2

•8
1.5

1 .8
1.5

.8

IN T H O U S A N D S

35.2
36.2
34.2
29.8
33.4
31.8

34.5
37.1
34.0
30.2
33.9

EMPLOYEES

-

2 1 .1

24 . 1
23.7
23.5
19.4

2 2 .6
2 1 .0

PRODUCTION-WORKER

34.0
37.0
32.9
30.5
34.0

IN T H O U S A N D S

3.0

3.0

3.0
3. 0

2 .8

2 .8

2 .8

2.7

2.7

2 .8
2 .8

2 .8

2.7
2.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS 1958
19 59
1960
1961
1962
1963

October

SIC 3 5 3 3

2.7

2 .8

2 .0

.6
1 .2

LAYOFFS
3.1
.4
2.3
l.l
.9
.4

FEMALE

195 8
1959
1960
1961
1962
1 963

September

2. 5
3.0
4.0

2 .1

ALL EMPLOYEES

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1 962
1 963

August

100 E M P L O Y E E S
2 .8
1.7
2.5
3. 7
4.3
2.7
1.9
1 .8

1 .6
2 .2
2 .2

2 .1
2.4
1.7

.7

Ju y
l

CONTINUED

SEPARA T I O N S PER
3.9
7.2
2 .2
2.9
3.7
2.9

.4

.6
.6

.6

June

May

3531,2—

.8

.5
.7
.7
.4

•6

FIELD

SIC

3.2

.6
1 .0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

Arl
pi

March

2 .0

3.1
4.1
3. 5
2.3
2.3

OIL

February

AND MINING MACHINERY -

22.9
24.3
23.0
19.6
22.5
*20.8
A
. VERAGE

2 .6
2 .8
2 .8

IN T H O U S A N D S
22.4
25 . 1
22.7
19 . 8
22.7

WEEKLY

2 2 .0

2 1 .8

21.7
23.4
21.3
20.5

2 0 .1
2 2 .6

EARNINGS -

2 2 .2
2 2 .8

22.4
23.8

2 0 .6

20.3

20.7

2 1 .0

2 0 .1
2 1 .2

21.5

2 2 .6

24.9
21.7

2 2 .0

21.9

21.9

2 1 .6

23.5

2 0 .2

IN D O L L A R S

1951
1952
1 953
1954
1955

76.33
78.06
79.57
80.34
85.45

75.04
81.61
80.11
83.33
78.79

74.80
81.20
79.55
84.87
81.18

74.87
80.33
80.97
80.48
81.58

75.37
78.93
78.38
80.51
82.98

75.88
78.23
79.24
81.12
85.17

72.07
72.45
80.75
81.09
85.20

74.36
75.25
78.81
77.60
83.95

76.44
76.29
78.62
81.54
88.13

77.69
77.04
73.51
76.64
89.42

78.15
78.30
79.68
78.40
89.20

78.43
78.32
80.51
79.99
87.99

82.25
80.22
81.90
80.38
90.95

1956
195 7
1958
1959
1960

90.95
92.25
91.65
104.43
99 . 8 5

88.83
91.12
91.41
100.08
101.43

88.62
93.24
90.79

87.99
91.94

1 0 0 .0 2

104.30
98.65

89.67
92.77
87.05
101.92
98.95

90.94
88.13
87.61
109.17
98.95

90.73
92.10
87.14
113.65
99.10

91.36
91.84
88.13
104.37
98.46

92.44
92.93
91.96
105.41
97.25

92.42
95.49
93.93
104.86
97.61

92.86
92.63
96.46
103.03
101.59

91.96
91.01
97.44
99.80
10 2 . 4 1

93.06
93.67
99.77
106.39

1961
1962
196 3

105.66
108.53

99.60
108.52
106.90

102.56
105.82
104.81

107.86
108.42
111.04

107.44
107.64

110.74
110.40

1 1 0 .6 8

1 0 2 .0 0

109.88
106.78

101.30
107.74
106.13

107.53

110.14

108.97
109.36

108.88
107.94

108.10
107.59

1951
1952
195 3
1954
1955

1.70
1.77
1 .89
1 .95

1.69
1.74
1.85
1.97
1.96

1.70
1.75
1.85
1.96
1.98

1 .71
1.80
1.92
1.96
2.06

1 .72
1.83
1.94
1 .98
2.09

1.75
1 . 84
1 .95
1.97

99.20

1 0 0 .0 0

8 8 .8 6

PRODUCTION-WORKER

2 .0 2




1.69
1.75
1.87
1.93
1.98

1.69
1 .75
1.84
1.94
1.99

< VERAGE
A
1. 6 9
1.75

1 .8 6
1.95
1.99

HOURLY

EARNINGS

1 .6 8
1. 7 5
1.90
1.94

2 .0 0

1. 6 9
1.75
1.89
1.94
1.98

-

1 0 2 .6 6

IN D O L L A R S

1 .6 8
1.77
1.89
1.96
2.04

1. 7 0
1.80

1 .8 8
1.96
2.07

2 .1 2

181

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year
OIL

Annual
Average

January

FIELD MACHINERY

February

March

AND EQUIPMENT -

Arl
pi
SIC

PRODUCTION-WORKER

May

Jl
uy

June

August

September

October

November

December

3533— CONTINUED

AVERAGE

HOURLY

1956
1957
1958
195 9
1960

2.14
2.25
2.35
2.44
2.49

2 .1 0

2 .1 0
2 .2 2

2.09

2 .1 0

2.18
2.32
2.40
2.48

2 .2 1

2.34
2.41
2.48

2.32
2.42
2.46

2.23
2.34
2.45
2.48

2.33
2.47
2.48

1961
1962
1963

2.54
2 .61

2.49
2.59
2.62

2.50
2.61
2.63

2.52
2.59
2.64

2.52
2.60
2.64

EARNINGS

2.52
2.60
2.65

2 .1 1
2 .2 2

PRODUCTION-WORKER

-

IN D O L L A R S — C O N T I N U E D

2 .1 1

2 .1 1

2.19
2.29
2.36
2.45
2.49

2.19
2.31
2.37
2.43
2.49

2 .2 0

2.24
2.35
2.45
2.48

2.17
2.25
2.34
2.44
2.50

2 .2 0

2.23
2.33
2.46
2.49

2 .31
2.40
2.44
2.51

2. 33
2.41
2.48
2 .51

2.54
2.60

2.54
2. 6 1

2.58
2.61

2.55
2 .61

2.57
2.61

2. 5 8
2.62

2.58
2 . 65

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

1951
1952
195 3
195 4
1955

44.9
44.1
42.1
41.2
42.3

44.4
46.9
43.3
42.3
40.2

44.0
46.4
43.0
43.3
41.0

44.3
45.9
43.3
41.7
41.2

44.6
45.1
42.6
41.5
41.7

44.9
44.7
42.6
41.6
42.8

42.9
41.4
42.5
41.8
42.6

44.0
43.0
41.7
40.0
42.4

45.5
43.1
41.6
41.6
43.2

45.7
42.8
39.1
3 9.1
43.2

45.7
43.5
41.5
40.0
43.3

45.6
42.8
41.5
40.4
42.1

47.0
43.6
42.0
40.8
42.9

1 956
1 957
195 8
1959
1960

42.5
41.0
39.0
42.8
40.1

42.3
41.8
39.4
41.7
40.9

42.2
42.0
38.8
41.5
40.0

42.1
41.6
38.3
43.1
40.1

42.7
41.6
37.2
41.6
39.9

43.1
39.7
37.6
44.2
39 . 9

43.0
41.3
37.4
46.2
39.8

43.3
41.0
37.5
42.6
39.7

42.6
41.3
39.3
43.2
38.9

42.2
41.7
39.8
42.8
3 9.2

42.4
40.1
40.7
42.4
40.8

41.8
39.4
40.6
40.9
40.8

42.3
40.2
41.4
42.9
40.9

1 961
1962
1963

41.6
41.6

40.0
41.9
40.8

40.0
42.1
40.6

40.2
41.6
40.2

40.7
40.7
39 . 7

42.8
41.7
41.9

42.3
41.4

43.6
42.3

42.9
41.2

40.0
42.2

42.4
41.9

42.2
41.2

41.9
40.6

1 958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1 963

1.5
2.5
1.4
2. 3
2.3

1 .0

1 .0

2 .0
2 .6

2 .1

1.9

2. 5

EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.7
2 .8
4.8

2. 7

2.9

2 .6

1 .8

2 .0
1 .2
2 .2
1 .6

.7
2. 3
1.3
1. 4
2.7
1.5

1.7
1.5
2.9

1 .2
1 .2
2 .1

2 .0

l.l

1 .6
1 .2
1 .1
1 .8
1.0

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

.7
1.9

.5
1.7

.5
1.5

2 .1

2 .1

1 .6

1 .0
1 .1

.7
1.4

.9

ACCESSIONS

195 8
1959
1960
1961
1 962
196 3

195 8
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

1 .1
1 .8
2 .0

1.7
3.3
1.9

.7

1 .6
1 .6

.6
2 .8

PER

.9

1 .8
2 .6
1 .6

2 .6

.7

1.0

NEW HIRES
.3

PER
•4

.7

2 .8

2 .0
1 .1

2.3

2 .1

1 .2

1.3

5.0

5. 7

2 .2
1 .8

1 .6
1 .8
2 .6

4.8
1.7
2.5

2 .1

2 .0
2 .1
2 .1

.9
•8
.9

•6
.7
.9

.5
.7
.7

2.3
1.7

1.9

.8

.6

.9

.9

.6
1 .2

.8

.8

.7

3.6
.7
.4

4.7
.5
•4
1.5
.5
•8

3.9
.5

•6
.7

C O NVEYORS t HOISTS,

29.5
29.3
29.4
26.8
28.3




100

2 .0

2 .2

1.4

2 .8
2 .0

EMPLOYEES

.6
3.4
1.7
2.5
3. 4

1 .0
.2
.8

AND

INDUSTRIAL

S E P A R A T I O N S PER
4. 5
5.2

2 .0

.7
2. 3
.7

1 .0

.9

.7

1.4

1 .0

1 .1

2 .6
1 .8

2. 5

2.4
1.5

.9
1.7

.8
.8
1 .6

.8

.7

4.4
3.0
4. 7
1.9

2.5
5.6

1.4

QUITS
•6
.9
.7
•6

1 .1
.9
LAYOFFS
3.5
.5

.4

.1

.6

•8

.9

C R A N E S - SIC

33.3
27.9
29.3
26.4
27.2
28.6

32.3
28.3
29.6
26.1
27.6
28.9

31.1
28.5
29.9
25.9
28.0
29.0

30.0
28.6
29.7
26.0
28.0
29.0

EMPLOYEES
2.9
2.4

2 .8

1 .8

2 .0
2 .6
1.4

3.6
1.5

2 .2

1 .8

2 .8

.6
1 .1
.8

.8

.8

1.7
1.4

•8

1 .2

1 .1

1.7

1.7
1.3
1.5
1.7

2 .8
2.4
4.2

2.3

2 .0
1 .6
1 .8

1.3
1.5
3.0
1.4

2.4

2 .1

.7
.9

.5

1.3

1 .6
1.5

1 .6
2 .1

2 .0

2 .2

1 .1

1.7

1.4
2.5

2. 7
1.9
1.7

1 .1
1.0

100

2 .0

1 .1
2 .2
1 .1

.7

2 .2

1 .6
2 .1

PER

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.7
.7
.9
1 .1
.9
.8
•8
1.0
1.5
1.3
.9

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.1
1 .8
1.4
.2
.9
.1
.8
1.3
2 .2
.4
.4
.2
.5
.3
•4
.7

3.4

.6
2.9
•1
•6

29.4
30.6
30.5
27.7
29.2

.6
1.0
.8

.6
.6
.8

.5
.5

.6
.8

.7

.5

.6

.5
.7
.5
.4

1. 5
3.1

1.3

.6

•4

1.0

.7

.4

2 .0

.1
1 .1

2 .1
.2
1.0

1 .2

28.9
30.6
29.9
27.3
28.9

26.4
29.4
29.0
27.1
28.2

25.8
29.4
28.0
26.9
28.6

28.7
29.4
2 7.1
27.2
28.5

3535,6

ALL EMPLOYEES
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7

1.9
3.2

1.4

1 .1

1 .2

3.4
3.5

1 .6
2 .8

.9
.9

2.5
.7

1 .0

2 .0

1.3

2 .2

1.9
2.3

2 .1

3. 2

1.3

3.5
2. 3

100

1 .1
2 .6
1 .1
2 .1

29.6
29.0
29.4
26.4
28.1
29.3

-

IN T H O U S A N D S
29.3
29.4
29.7
26.9
28.6

29.6
30.2
30.8
27.2
29.1

182

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

J
uly

Augmt

O tober** November
c

CONVEYORS • HOISTS • AND INDUSTRIAL CRANES - SIC 3535*6— CONTINUED
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
3.0
2.7
2.7

3.3
3.0
3.0
2.7
2.7
2.7

3.0
3.0
2.7
2.7
2.8

3.0
3.0
2.6
2.7
2.8

3.1
3.0
3.1
2.6
2.8
2.8

3.0
3.0
2.6
2.7
2.8

3.0
2.9
2.7
2.8

3.0
3.1
3.1
2.7
2.8

3.0
3.0
2.7
2.8

3.1
3.0
2.8
2.7

2.8
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.7

3.0
2.9
2.8
2.7

3.0
2.8
3.0
2.8

18.2
19.6
19.7
17.2
18.7

18.3
20.0
19.5
17.1
18.7

16.4
19.3
18.6
16.9
18.3

15.8
19.1
17.8
16.7
18.7

13.2
19.2
17.2
17.0
18.5

96.07
101.09
107.01
108.84
112.89

93.21
99.54
105.30
110.20
112.20

96.16
99.10
103.34
110.09
111.99

97.11
102.82
104.CO
111.99
116.15

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

18.6
18.8
19.1
16.7
18*1

21.8
17.7
19.2
16.5
16.9
18.6

20.9
18.0
19.5
16.1
17.4
18.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

92.90
102.00
104.49
107.01
114.01

93.30
97.60
100.65
103.86
111.49
111.78

90.79
98.70
102.77
105.15
112.29
109.15

19.8
18.1
19.7
16.0
17.6
19.0

18.8
18.2
19.4
16.1
17.7
18.8

18.6
18.7
19.5
16.4
17.6
19.2

18.3
18.8
19.4
16.7
18.2

18.5
19.4
20.1
17.1
18.6

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
90.09
101.18
104.30
103.08
114.70
111.83

90.56
101.75
102.62
104.12
112.94
111.61

91.42
102.84
104.34
104.78
114.06
114.17

90.56
105.59
104.86
106.49
114.11

94.49
106.93
105.30
108.32
119.07

93.77
105.92
108.21
108.62
117.72

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.38
2.54
2.62
2.63
2.70

2.42
2.49
2.61
2.61
2.65

2.39
2.47
2.60
2.63
2.64

2.41
2.49
2.59
2.64
2.66

2.44
2.52
2.60
2.66
2.67

39.7
42.1
40.5
41.5
44.1

39.4
41.7
41.3
41.3
43.6

39.7
40.f
t
41.0
41.7
42.6

39.0
40.3
40.5
41.9
42.5

39.9
39.8
39.9
41.7
42.1

39.8
40.8
4C.0
42.1
44.5

1.5
4.6
3.3
3.3
4.4
1.8

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.9
6.2
4.4
3.2
8.5
4.2
4.3
5.2
2.6
4.7
3.0
2.1
3.3
4.5
4.3
4.4
2.8
4.1
3.0
4.4
3.6
3.2

3.8
6.3
4.5
4.9
4.7

3.9
5.0
2.2
2.7
2.0

.7
2.3
1.7
2.1

2.3
2.7
1.6
2.7
2.0

2.1
3.2
1.2
1.8
2.2

1.2
2.3
3.0
1.4
2.0
1.6

1.0
3.5
2.8
2.4
3.1
1.2

NEW HIRES
l.l
2.4
1.7
1.4
1.9
2.3

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
2.3
2.6
6.1
2.7
3.8
2.0
2.4
3.4
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.8
3.5
2.5
2.8

1.8
5.6
3.6
3.8
3.7

2.5
4.1
1.8
1.9
1.7

2.1
1.8
1.2
1.5
1.5

1.5
1.8
1.0
1.3
1.4

1.0
2.2
•6
1.2
1.8

4.6
6.4
3.2
4.0
2.4
2.4

5.1
3.3
2.3
4.1
2.5
2.5

4.5
2.7
3.0
3.7
3.5
2.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.0
3.8
1.6
2.9
4.0
4.8
4.7
2.1
2.5
2.7
2.4
2.6
3.1
2.3
2.0
3.4
2.8
2.8
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.6

2.9
3.7
3.7
3.0
4.3

4.3
9.1
7.5
6.2
3.3

5.3
3.7
4.0
2.9
3.6

3.4
4.3
3.1
2.2
2.0

2.4
3.3
3.9
2.5
1.9

•6
1.1
.9
•6
•8

•6
•6
1.1
•4
.7
•8

•6
.7
.9
.4
.6
.7

.5
.3
1.0
.7
.7
.8

OUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
•6
.7
.7
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.2
.8
.9
l.l
1.1
•6
.5
•6
.7
.9
.7
.7
.7
.9
1.2

.7
1.7
l.l
.9
1.7

l.l
2.1
1.6
1.2
1.4

.7
1.0
•6
.6
•6

.6
•8
.5
.5
.7

•4
.7
.3
.5
.5

2.7
3.2
2.0
2.2
1.5

3.4
5.2
1.5
3.1
1.2
1.2

4.0
2.4
.7
3.1
1.6
1.4

3.6
1.6
1.3
2.6
2.4
.9

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.1
2.7
.7
1.8
2.6
3.1
3.4
•4
•8
1.4
1.1
.9
2.3
1.8
.7
2.5
1.0
1.5
1.5
.9
.9
•8

1.9
l.l
2.1
1.7
1.8

2.5
6.4
5.5
4.5
1.5

4.2
7.1
3.0
1.8
2.4

2.6
3.0
2.3
1.3
.9

1.7
1.6
3.2
1.5
l.l

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.37
2.50
2.58
2.61
2.67

2.35
2.44
2.51
2.59
2.68
2.63

2.34
2.48
2.55
2.59
2.68
2.63

2.34
2.48
2.55
2.59
2.68
2.65

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.2
40.8
40.5
41.0
42.7

39.7
4C.0
40.1
40.1
41.6
42.5

38.8
39.8
40.3
40.6
41.9
41.5

38.5
40.8
40.9
39.8
42.3
42.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
4.4
3.0
3.2
3.2

1.5
2.4
4.4
1.9
3.1
2.2

1.7
3.6
4.1
2.4
3.2
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
3.1
2.2
2.0
2.3

1.1
1.2
2.7
1.3
2.0
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.7
4.8
3.4
3.3
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.34
2.50
2.54
2.59
2.67
2.67

2.35
2.49
2.57
2.60
2.69
2.68

2.34
2.52
2.57
2.61
2.66

2.33
2.54
2.60
2.61
2.70

PRODUCTION- WORKER i VERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
A




38.7
40.7
40.4
40.2
42.3
41.8

38.9
41.3
40.6
40.3
42.4
42.6

38.7
41.9
40.8
40.8
42.9

2.0

L83

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September j October

November

December

METALWORKING MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT - SIC 354
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

119.5
174.8

101.8
147.4

103.9
153.4

106.6
158.9

111.4
164.3

115.4
167.0

119.0
173.3

121.5
178.1

119.0
178.8

121.1
183.4

130.2
189.8

139.2
196.6

144.8
206.2

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

264.5
383.7
398.5
315.6
284.8

215.5
316.0
428.4
346.1
307.4

227.4
331.7
424.8
336.2
310.4

236.8
346.5
423.8
327.9
310.8

246.5
363.3
420.6
318.0
309.2

256.6
375.2
416.7
314.0
307.3

266.2
389.4
411.4
313.1
304.1

273.0
398.2
399.5
309.5
295.5

279.9
405.6
388.5
305.7
291.0

284.7
411.0
377.4
304.8
259.7

290.2
417.0
370.4
303.7
249.4

294.8
422.7
365.8
302.5
235.2

302.9
427.7
355.2
305.5
237.5

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

258.6
240.6
229.2
195.3
203.5

249.1
256.4
232.5
220.0
182.1

260.0
256.0
234.0
213.6
183.5

254.2
253.8
232.7
210.2
186.3

255.6
250.1
230.5
205.7
188.7

252.3
245.8
229.7
199.6
191.1

256.1
235.9
229.6
192.8
196.0

255.7
227.8
224.3
185.4
195.9

262.9
232.1
229.3
184.2
205.3

266.5
232.2
228.9
185.4
215.8

267.3
231.3
227.6
184.0
224.6

263.0
231.9
225.8
181.6
232.6

261.4
23 i. 5
225.2
181.5
239.9

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

270.8
301.5
313.6
280.4
270.9

249.3
295.4
312.9
308.0
262.3

256.1
298.2
313.5
303.4
262.6

261.4
299.7
316.8
297.7
264.7

265.6
301.0
316.5
289.8
267.1

268.5
299.8
316.8
283.9
269.3

273.7
302.3
316.9
279.8
271.8

274.7
297.2
312.0
273.2
270.7

269.2
300.5
311.4
268.9
272.1

275.5
303.2
314.5
268.2
274.7

276.5
303.7
313.0
264.5
271.6

286.7
305.9
311.0
263.7
280.0

291.9
310.5
308.3
263.3
284.0

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

292.6
295.0
231.0
245.2
260.7

284.3
304.0
259.6
229.2
262.2

287.0
305.6
251.3
232.2
265.2

289.1
307.8
246.0
236.8
269.3

291.1
307.1
238.0
240.6
271.0

293.3
306.2
232.7
243.2
270.2

292.3
304.4
225.4
247.0
269.9

289.8
298.9
218.4
244.9
263.3

291.9
292.8
213.3
246.7
255.2

294.8
290.9
218.8
252.6
253.3

296.0
279.7
218.8
251.3
250.1

299.1
274.9
223.0
256.9
249.5

302.3
268.2
226.7
261.0
249.3

1961
1962
1963

247.5
261.7

249.6
255.6
265.7

250.5
259.1
266.8

248.5
261.9
268.4

247.7
265.2
269.4

243.9
264.8
269.4

245. 1
264.3

243.9
261.3

243.3
257.8

247.0
260.1

246.5
261.5

249.5
263.8

253.4
265.3

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

17.8

18.9

19.6

23.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

27.2
34.6
35.7
35.1
29.1

30.3
34.6
36.1
32.2
29.9

32.1
34.2
36.2
29.8
30.3

31.2
34.6
36.0
28.0
30.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

31.8
33.1
28.7
25.5
29.2

25.6
29.4

26.3
29.6

32.6
34.1
25.3
26.6
29.5

26.9
29.2

27.1
29.3

32.5
33.2
23.6
26.9
28.9

27.5
28.4

28.5
28.3

32.3
31.9
24.8
28.6
28.1

28.6
28.6

29.2
28.1

26.9
29.5
29.9

26.5
29.5
29.9

27.0
29.3

26.9
29.7

27.1
29.2

27.4
29.6

27.5
29.6

28.1
30.0

28.5
30.1

27.3
28.9

1961
1962
1963

27.4
29.5

28.0
29.1
30.0

27.8
29.1
30.0

27.3
29.4
30.0

1939
1940

95.8
143.4

81.6
118.7

83.3
123.8

85.5
128.9

89.3
133.6

92.6
136.3

95.4
141.8

97.4
146.2

95.4
147.2

97.1
151.5

104.4
157.3

111.6
163.8

116.1
172.2

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

225.5
332.8
348.7
270.1
231.8

180.6
272.7
374.0
300.1
258.5

191.2
286.6
371.3
290.8
260.1

199.9
299.7
370.8
283.3
259.2

208.5
314.3
368.4
274.1
256.9

217.6
324.9
365.0
269.7
254.1

226.8
337.2
360.8
268.0
249.7

233.4
345.2
350.8
264.3
239.9

239.9
352*1
341.1
260.8
234.8

244.3
357.2
330.6
259.1
202.3

249.3
362.8
323.7
257.2
194.8

253.5
368.2
319.0
255.6
182.8

261.1
373.0
309.0
257.8
188.1

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

204.3
193.6
182.0
150.6
159.2

198.0
205.6
187.9
172.5
138.2

197.9
205.1
187.4
167.9
140.6

196.2
203.0
185.5
164.2
143.1

200.6
199.8
182.6
159.8
146.1

199.3
195.2
181.7
153.9
148.7

202.3
191.6
182.1
148.6
152.9

202.0
184.1
176.7
142.4
152.0

208.7
188.0
181.4
139.6
160.7

212.4
187.8
181.3
141.5
170.5

213.3
187.1
180.0
140.2
178.8

210.9
186.7
179.1
138.0
185.8

21C.4
188.9
178.6
138.1
192.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

220.4
245.9
253.3
220.0
210.9

202.4
241.6
254.1
245.8
202.8

208.2
244.2
255.5
241.5
203.5

213.0
245.5
258.2
235.8
205.9

216.5
246.5
257.3
228.7
207.5

218.0
245.2
256.9
223.1
209.8

223.1
246.7
256.4
219.9
211.7

223.1
240.7
250.2
213.1
210.3

217.8
244.3
249.7
208.7
211.4

224.5
247.7
252.9
208.4
214.0

225.1
247.2
251.3
205.5
211.3

234.5
248.4
249.7
204.9
219.2

239.1
252.4
247.3
204.1
223.2

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

229.4
228.0
171.4
184.4
195.9

224.3
238.3
196.1
170.0
198.7

225.6
239.9
189.0
172.7
200.6

227.2
241.6
184.8
176.9
204.4

228.5
240.5
178.1
180.5
205.8

230.2
238.5
173.5
183.2
205.4

229.2
236.5
166.9
186.0
204.2

226.0
229.9
160.3
183.8
198.1

227.4
223.7
155.5
185.2
190.1

230.8
223.1
160.0
191.1
188.0

231.8
213.1
160.3
190.1
185.4

234.5
208.4
164.8
194.8
185.1

237.0
202.8
167.8
198.2
184.4

1961
1962
1963

182.9
195.4

185.0
190.3
197.9

185.9
193.6
199.2

184.0
195.8
199.5

183.6
199.0
201.4

179.4
198.7
201.3

181.2
197.8

179.3
194.6

178.4
191.1

182.9
193.5

181.8
195.2

184.6
196.8

188.8
197.9

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




184

Year

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

Ju y
l

August

September

October

November

December

METALWORKING MACHINERY AND EOUIPMENT - SIC 354— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

58.69
63.13
61.33
71.73

56.93
61.43
63.94
61.65

56.92
62.21
63.48
64.09

57.00
62.39
63.15
65.33

57.26
62.26
61.48
67.44

57.92
62.53
60.94
68.80

58.96
62.98
60.02
69.99

57.81
61.72
59.33
71.35

58.02
64.21
60.10
73.60

59.92
63.63
60.60
73.44

60.38
64.55
60.64
78.03

60.51
64.01
59.68
78.43

62.50
65.42
61.96
80.78

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

86.01
92.20
96.81
93.09
98.34

80.96
91.49
98.06
94.80
91.37

82.66
90.62
97.03
94.59
91.58

83.77
91.96
98.59
93.95
92.87

85.32
89.55
97.97
92.67
95.48

85.43
91.07
97.60
93.09
98.79

85.90
91.07
95.06
92.87
100.80

84.27
88.14
93.36
92.43
99.00

85.74
90.23
95.13
92.87
99.44

88.08
94.07
96.49
92.20
98.33

89.86
94.13
98.23
92.40
101.46

87.98
95.06
95.85
91.12
101.89

91.20
98.20
96.94
92.00
107.41

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

108.96
106.89
102.00
113.74
117.27

107.40
110.45
100.25
106.86
118.32

108.56
111.85
101.45
109.67
119.74

108.32
111.80
104.09
111.57
123.54

109.72
111.55
104.64
113.74
120.89

109.46
109.56
104.12
116.37
122.88

108.27
109.00
103.46
116.48
122.48

107.76
106.32
100.33
114.28
117.85

108.42
103.74
98.14
112.36
113.28

111.93
104.08
100.19
112.10
110.97

109.80
100.53
99.54
114.54
111.24

107.60
99.45
101.63
114.70
110.84

111.72
102.25
106.19
118.16
112.34

1961
1962
1963

117.04
125.57

113.58
122.41
127.01

114.68
124.85
128.76

114.81
127.02
130.52

117.04
129.06
128.17

116.76
128.92
128.90

117.60
128.48

117.18
125.86

115.65
123.55

116.06
123.55

118.02
122.69

119.00
123.25

122.55
126.87

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.381
1.489
1.541
1.649

1.327
1.442
1.537
1.553

1.333
1.450
1.537
1.567

1.335
1.451
1.544
1.578

1.341
1.458
1.537
1.602

1.366
1.461
1.535
1.615

1.384
1.475
1.535
1.624

1.383
1.480
1.537
1.644

1.398
1.518
1.545
1.654

1.420
1.526
1.546
1.669

1.424
1.537
1.551
1.715

1.434
1.535
1.542
1.720

1.440
1.543
1.549
1.741

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.83
1.97
2.10
2.17
2.24

1.76
1.91
2.06
2.14
2.16

1.77
1.92
2.06
2.14
2.16

1.79
1.94
2.08
2.14
2.18

1.80
1.93
2.08
2.15
2.20

1.81
1.95
2.09
2.17
2.23

1.82
1.95
2.08
2.18
2.25

1.82
1.95
2.07
2.18
2.25

1.84
1.97
2.10
2.18
2.26

1.87
2.01
2.13
2.19
2.25

1.88
2.02
2.14
2.20
2.28

1.88
2.04
2.13
2.18
2.30

1.90
2.05
2.14
2.18
2.34

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.40
2.48
2.55
2.67
2.74

2.35
2.46
2.50
2.60
2.72

2.36
2.48
2.53
2.63
2.74

2.36
2.49
2.57
2.65
2.77

2.38
2.49
2.59
2.67
2.76

2.39
2.49
2.59
2.70
2.78

2.39
2.50
2.58
2.69
2.79

2.40
2.49
2.54
2.67
2.76

2.42
2.47
2.51
2.65
2.71

2.46
2.49
2.53
2.65
2.70

2.44
2.47
2.52
2.67
2.70

2.44
2.48
2.56
2.68
2.71

2.45
2.50
2.59
2.71
2.74

1961
1962
1963

2.80
2.90

2.75
2.86
2.94

2.77
2.89
2.96

2.78
2.90
2.98

2.80
2.92
2.96

2.80
2.93
2.97

2.80
2.92

2.79
2.90

2.78
2.88

2.79
2.88

2.81
2.88

2.82
2.90

2.85
2.93

PRODUCTION- WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

42.5
42.4
39.8
43.5

42.9
42.6
41.6
39.7

42.7
42.9
41.3
40.9

42.7
43.0
40.9
41.4

42.7
42.7
40.0
42.1

42.4
42.8
39.7
42.6

42.6
42.7
39.1
43*1

41.8
41.7
38.6
43.4

41.5
42.3
38.9
44.5

42.2
41.7
39.2
44.0

42.4
42.0
39.1
45.5

42.2
41.7
38.7
45.6

43.4
42.4
40.0
46.4

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

47.0
46.8
46.1
42.9
43.9

46.0
47.9
47.6
44.3
42.3

46.7
47.2
47.1
44.2
42.4

46.8
47.4
47.4
43.9
42.6

47.4
46.4
47.1
43.1
43.4

47.2
46.7
46.7
42.9
44.3

47.2
46.7
45.7
42.6
44.8

46.3
45.2
45.1
42*4
44.0

46.6
45.8
45.3
42.6
44.0

47.1
46.8
45.3
42.1
43.7

47.8
46.6
45.9
42.0
44.5

46.8
46.6
45.0
41.8
44.3

48.0
47.9
45.3
42.2
45.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

45.4
43.1
40.0
42.6
42.8

45.7
44.9
40.1
41.1
43.5

46.0
45.1
40.1
41.7
43.7

45.9
44.9
40.5
42.1
44.6

46.1
44.8
40.4
42.6
43.8

45.8
44.0
40.2
43.1
44.2

45.3
43.6
40.1
43.3
43.9

44.9
42.7
39.5
42.8
42.7

44.8
42.0
39.1
42.4
41.8

45.5
41.8
39.6
42.3
41.1

45.0
40.7
39.5
42.9
41.2

44.1
40.1
39.7
42.8
40.9

45.6
40.9
41.0
43.6
41.0

1961
1962
1963

41.8
43.3

41.3
42.8
43.2

41.4
43.2
43.5

41.3
43.8
43.8

41.8
44.2
43.3

41.7
44.0
43.4

42.0
44.0

42.0
43.4

41.6
42.9

41.6
42.9

42.0
42.6

42.2
42.5

43.0
43.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.5
4.0
4.3
3.4
4.7

2.2
2.8
4.9
3.0
4.2
4.4

2.4
3.0
5.4
3.0
4.7
4.7

3.0
3.5
5.8
3.1
5.0
5.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
3.8
2.8
3.7
3.2

1.7
3.9
3.5
4.8
3.7
3.0

1.9
4.4
3.5
3.1
3.1
2.7

2.1
3.9
3.2
4.0
3.2
2.8




3.0
4.0
5.0
3.2
5.5
4.6

2.9
4.2
5.4
3.3
5.3
4.9

2.8
4.6
5.2
3.5
5.2

2.3
4.2
4.3
3.5
4.9

2.0
4.2
3.6
3.4
4.5

2.0
4.1
3.0
3.4
4.2

1.9
4.4
2.8
3.8
4.1

2.4
4.4
2.7
3.7
4.3

2.7
4.8
2.9
4.3
4.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.0
2.0
2.5
2.7
3.8
3.4
4.7
3.5
2.6
2.6
3.1
2.2
2.8
2.9
5.0
3.8
3.3
2.6
3.8
3.5
2.8
2.5

3.1
4.2
2.8
3.7
3.4

4.4
4.5
2.4
3.6
3.1

3.7
3.2
3.0
4.0
4.0

3.2
3.4
2.9
3.4
2.7

2.9
3.1
2.3
3.0
2.1

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

-------- !
-------January { February

March'

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

185

October

November December

METALWORKING MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT - SIC 354— CONTINUED
PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
.7
.8
1.9
2.9
2.1
1.7
2.3
1.6
1.3
1.7
2.7
2.0
2.9
2.1
1.7

.9
2.5
1.7
2.0
1.9

1.2
2.9
1.4
1.8
2.0

1.1
1.9
1.5
2.0
2.2

1.3
1.9
1.0
1.7
1.9

1.1
1.7
1.3
1.5
1.2

4.7
2.7
2.7
4.1
2.9
2.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.6
4.5
5.6
5.0
2.8
2.7
2.9
3.0
3.5
3.1
3.3
4.0
3.4
4.2
4.1
4.8
2.6
3.6
3.5
3.7
2.5
3.5

4.8
3.1
6.1
4.0
4.2

4.1
3.5
4.5
4.4
3.3

2.8
3.2
3.0
3.4
2.6

2.0
2.3
2.8
2.8
2.4

1.6
2.2
3.7
2.2
2.2

.4
.7
1.1
.5
•8
.8

.5
.9
1.0
.7
1.0
1.0

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
•4
.5
.4
1.0
.9
1.1
1.1
.9
.9
.9
1.2
1.0
•8
.7
.7
1.0
1.2
.9
1.1
1.0
1.0

.7
1.3
1.2
.9
1.4

.9
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.5

.7
1.0
.7
.9
1.0

.6
.8
.6
.7
.9

.4
•8
.4
.7
.6

3.8
1.1
.9
2.7
1.1
1.0

3.8
1.2
l.l
2.8
1.1
1.0

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
4.8
3.6
4.2
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.8
1.7
1.8
2.6
3.0
2.5
3.4
2.2
.9
1.8
1.6
2.2
.9
1.9

3.7
1.2
4.5
2.4
2.1

2.9
1.4
2.6
2.5
1.2

1.8
1.7
1.9
2.0
1. 1

1.1
1.1
1.9
1.5
.9

.9
1.0
2.7
.9
1.0

62.1
66.0
68.5
63.7
67.3

61.7
67.9
68.1
64.1
68.0

61.4
67.5
67.3
65.0
68.0

59.2
69.8
66.2
65.6
68.1

59.2
70.7
65.6
66.3
68.5

6.2
6.5
6.0
6.2

6.4
6.4
5.9
6.2

5.6
6.3
6.3
5.9
6.2

6.5
6.3
6.0
6.2

6.5
6.1
6.0
6.2

41.6
45.4
47.0
42.7
45.9

41.4
47.3
46.7
43.5
46.6

41.2
47.1
46.2
44.1
46.8

39.0
48.9
45.4
44.8
46.8

38.9
49.7
44.7
45.6
47.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
2.1
1.8
1.8
2.1

.5
1.6
2.3
2.4
2.3
2.1

.8
1.9
2.4
1.3
1.9
1.9

.9
1.9
2.4
2.1
2.1
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.2
2.8
3.5
3.7
3.0

6.6
2.7
2.5
3.4
2.4
2.6

4.6
2.3
2.5
3.6
2.6
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
1.0
1.0
.8
1.0

.5
.7
1.1
•6
.9
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
1.3
2.0
2.3
1.3

5.7
1.4
1.0
2.1
.8
1.2

NEW HIRES
.7
1.9
2.0
1.4
2.2
2.0

MACHINE TOOLS* METAL CUTTING TYPES - SIC 3541
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

64.7
64.8
69.5
64.1
67.4

76.1
58.8
70.9
64.9
66.3
68.5

71.8
59.2
71.1
64.3
66.6
68.6

68.7
61.8
71.8
63.5
66.9
69.0

66.7
62.5
72.3
62.9
67.2
69.4

64.7
63.4
71.7
63.0
67.0
69.7

63.1
64.8
71.2
62.9
67.7

62.1
65.5
69.3
63.5
67.6

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.0
6.5
6.0
6.2

7.2
5.4
6.6
6.0
6.1
6.2

5.4
6.6
6.0
6.1
6.2

5.6
6.7
6.0
6.2
6.2

46.8
41.6
50.3
42.9
45.8
47.6

6.3
5.8
6.7
5.9
6.2
6.3

5.9
6.6
5.9
6.3
6.3

6.1
6.6
5.9
6.2

5.9
6.2
6.5
5.9
6.2

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

43.8
44.3
48.2
43.4
46.2

53.6
38.7
49.7
44.1
45.4
47.2

49.7
39.0
49.6
43.5
45.6
47.3

1932
1933
1934
1935

18.23
18.41
22.53
26.09

20.77
18.07
21.19
24.07

21.09
16.85
22.60
24.87

19.23
15.46
22.71
25.27

18.79
14.66
22.38
25.11

18.17
15.84
23.30
25.58

17.05
18.45
22.80
25.54

17.12
19.68
22.07
25.86

17.04
19.52
22.32
26.67

17.11
20.33
22.06
26.88

17.08
20.36
21.93
27.58

17.52
20.83
22.67
27.33

17.46
21.21
23.58
28.66

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

28.73
32.48
26.75
32.34
37.44

28.10
31.03
29.35
28.46
36.92

28.25
31.46
27.93
30.09
37.16

28.31
32.57
27.31
30.16
37.52

27.90
33.62
25.71
30.84
37.31

28.61
33.50
25.71
32.03
36.86

28.81
33.42
24.47
32.15
37.19

27.95
32.37
24.43
31.57
36.88

28.90
32.09
26.08
32.25
35.88

27.37
32.57
27.04
32.65
37.63

29.64
33.44
27.34
34.23
38.37

29.67
31.83
27.01
36.30
37.54

31.69
31.18
28.69
37.44
40.18

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

44.22
52.70
55.11
58.19
57.14

40.74
51.61
54.92
56.45
61.05

42.38
51.72
55.12
56.48
61.20

42.28
52.29
55.80
57.66
61.41

41.79
51.58
56.10
57.17
60.45

43.54
53.07
56.20
57.68
57.38

44.03
53.32
55.00
58.48
59.14

43.50
52.27
53.19
57.62
57.34

44.30
53.06
53.11
58.20
54.72

45.55
51.61
53.95
58.02
52.18

46.44
53.23
56.06
59.79
52.67

45.91
54.06
55.61
58.75
53.44

49.51
54.48
55.35
61.35
54.78

45.3
42.2
50.8
42.4
46.1
48.0

43.8
43.2
50.2
42.6
45.7
48.2

42.4
44.2
49.6
42.3
46.4

41.6
44.7
47.8
42.7
46.2

PRODUCT ION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS




EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

186

Yuar

Annual
Avurag*

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

Junu

J
uly

August

Saptambar

October ' Novumbar

Dacambar

MACHINE TOOLS, METAL CUTTING TYPES - SIC 3541— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION— WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS— CONTINUED
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

54.40
57.87
61.68
59.23
69.87

54.09
56.45
59.94
61.69
59.74

52.96
56.49
60.88
61.36
61.95

53.60
56.74
61.38
60.77
63.09

52.64
56.70
60.97
59.76
64.82

52.67
57.18
61.09
59.12
65.59

54.61
58.03
62.31
57.98
66.72

53.12
56.80
60.80
57.08
67.01

55.03
57.56
61.86
58.40
71.31

55.07
58.91
62.03
58.14
72.38

56.37
59.38
63.23
57.72
76.93

56.71
59.20
62.67
57.42
77.66

56.14
61.21
63.50
60.01
81.01

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

85.14
90.24
95.17
89.25
95.48

82.13
90.70
95.20
93.90
87.99

82.95
89.49
95.00
93.87
88.83

83.25
90.25
96.29
93.45
90.52

84.43
88.45
96.35
89.65
92.02

84.73
88.92
95.53
88.83
95.26

84.19
88.16
93.69
87.57
97.89

82.37
84.98
91.39
85.48
94.61

85.07
89.09
91.80
86.32
96.36

85.38
91.65
95.93
87.57
93.94

89.57
91.92
96.81
88.19
100.57

87.32
92.27
95.34
86.51
98.54

90.13
95.12
96.43
88.40
106.49

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

106.25
101.04
91.20
106.93
110.99

106.03
107.04
93.21
96.14
115.72

106.03
107.28
89.92
97.51
115.19

104.42
105.36
90.82
99.05
117.48

106.03
104.64
89.63
102.25
112.23

106.03
102.48
88.43
103.57
113.62

104.64
102.18
89.28
106.93
112.20

103.50
97.34
88.43
107.70
108.73

103.92
97.75
88.77
107.70
105.71

109.24
97.77
91.68
110.51
106.90

108.55
96.40
92.93
113.18
106.37

108.03
94.38
93.65
115.10
106.66

110.86
96.07
96.23
116.77
107.46

1961
1962
1963

112.19
119.41

108.94
119.97
121.12

108.14
120.53
122.27

107.20
120.10
124.70

109.89
118.56
122.27

110.16
120.25
123.98

111.52
119.69

110.02
118.00

110.97
118.00

113.30
119.13

116.75
117.88

117.15
118.72

122.20
122.69

1932
1933
1934
1935

.618
.579
.624
•638

.653
• 581
.602
.635

.643
.575
•606
.636

.639
.562
.612
.635

.639
• 564
•615
•634

.631
.550
.628
•638

.629
.554
•628
.637

*618
.556
.627
.640

•600
.595
.634
•638

.596
.607
.632
.640

.595
.597
.632
.640

• 586
.602
.635
.643

.582
.606
•634
•644

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

.647
.725
.743
.761
.780

•640
.682
.743
.749
.779

.642
.684
.739
.756
.779

.642
.699
.742
.752
.780

.640
.723
.741
.756
.779

•643
.725
.741
.759
.776

•646
.728
.737
•760
.778

•641
.734
.738
.759
.778

.648
.736
.741
.757
.770

•650
.742
.749
.761
.779

.650
.748
.747
i 764
.783

.655
.749
.746
.774
.782

.670
.746
.749
.780
.794

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

.857
.985
1.087
1.150
1.193

.810
.940
1.048
1.120
1.190

.815
.942
1.060
1.125
1.193

.313
.956
1.071
1.135
1.197

•821
.957
1.081
1.132
1.197

.839
•981
1.087
1.140
1.193

.850
.991
1.087
1.149
1.202

• 858
•990
1.079
1.150
1.192

.867
1.003
1.086
1.157
1.187

•888
1.006
1.101
1.165
1.157

.893
1.012
1.110
1.170
1.181

.902
1.020
1.110
1.168
1.201

.92?
1.026
1.116
1.189
1.220

1946
1947
1948
1949
19 50

1.271
1.368
1.465
1.511
1.621

1.202
1.325
1.417
1.501
1.528

1.212
1.326
1.429
1.504
1.541

1.221
1.332
1.434
1.508
1.550

1.230
1.334
1.438
1.509
1.562

1.260
1.355
1.434
1.512
1.573

1.285
1.375
1.466
1.510
1.581

1.277
1.362
1.465
1.510
1.588

1.301
1.387
1.487
1.517
1.617

1.305
1.406
1.491
1.518
1.645

1.314
1.407
1.509
1.515
1.687

1.325
1.413
1.510
1.511
1.703

1.324
1.417
1.512
1.523
1.731

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.80
1.92
2.06
2.10
2.19

1.74
1.87
2.00
2.11
2.11

1.75
1.88
2.03
2.10
2.12

1.76
1.90
2.04
2.10
2.14

1.77
1.89
2.05
2.08
2.14

1.78
1.90
2.05
2.09
2.17

1.78
1.90
2.05
2.10
2.19

1.76
1.88
2.04
2.09
2.18

1.81
1.92
2.04
2.09
2.19

1.84
1.95
2.09
2.11
2.20

1.87
1.96
2.10
2.12
2.22

1.85
1.98
2.10
2.11
2.26

1.87
1.99
2.11
2.12
2.29

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.33
2.40
2.40
2.54
2.63

2.30
2.40
2.39
2.44
2.63

2.29
2.40
2.36
2.45
2.63

2.28
2.40
2.39
2.47
2.64

2.30
2.40
2.39
2.50
2.61

2.31
2.40
2.39
2.52
2.63

2.31
2.41
2.40
2.54
2.64

2.30
2.38
2.39
2.54
2.62

2.33
2.39
2.38
2.54
2.61

2.38
2.42
2.40
2.57
2.62

2.37
2.41
2.42
2.59
2.62

2.39
2.42
2.42
2.61
2.64

2.41
2.42
2.43
2.63
?• 66

1961
1962
1963

2.71
2.79

2.67
2.79
2.83

2.67
2.79
2.85

2.68
2.78
2.88

2.70
2.77
2.85

2.70
2.79
2.87

2.72
2.79

2.69
2.77

2.70
2.77

2.73
2.79

2.76
2.80

2.75
2.82

2.79
2.84

1932
1933
1934
1935

29.5
31.8
36.1
40.9

31.8
31.1
35.2
37.9

32.8
29.3
37.3
39.1

30.1
27.5
37.1
39.8

29.4
26.0
37.2
39.6

28.8
28.8
37.1
40.1

27.1
33.3
36.3
40.1

27.7
35.4
35.2
40.4

28.4
32.8
35.2
41.8

28.7
33.5
34.9
42.0

28.7
34.1
34.7
43.1

29.9
34.6
35.7
42.5

30.0
35.0
37.2
44.5

1936
1937
1938
1939
1940

44.4
44.8
36.0
42.5
48.0

43.9
45.5
39.5
38.0
47.4

44.0
46.0
37.8
39.8
47.7

44.1
46.6
36.8
40.1
48.1

43.6
46.5
34.7
40.8
47.9

44.5
46.2
34.7
42.2
47.5

44.6
45.9
33.2
42.3
47.8

43.6
44.1
33.1
41.6
47.4

44.6
43.6
35.2
42.6
46.6

42.1
43.9
36.1
42.9
48.3

45.6
44.7
36.6
44.8
49.0

45.3
42.5
36.2
46.9
48.0

47.3
41.8
38.3
48.0
5C.6

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

51.6
53.5
50.7
50.6
47.9

50.3
54.9
52.4
50.4
51.3

52.0
54.9
52.0
50.2
51.3

52.0
54.7
52.1
50.8
51.3

50.9
53.9
51.9
50.5
50.5

51.9
54.1
51.7
50.6
48.1

51.8
53.8
50.6
50.9
49.2

50.7
52.8
49.3
50.1
48.1

51.1
52.9
48.9
50.3
46.1

51.3
51.3
49.0
49.8
45.1

52.0
52.6
5u. 5
51.1
44.6

50.9
53.0
50.1
50.3
44.5

53.7
53.1
49.6
51.6
44.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




187

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Avtraga

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

Ju y
l

August

September 1 October

November

December

MACHINE TOOLS, METAL CUTTING TYPES - SIC 3541— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

42.8
42.3
42.1
39.2
43.1

45.0
42.6
42.3
41.1
39.1

43.7
42.6
42.6
40.8
40.2

43.9
42.6
42.8
40.3
40.7

42.8
42.5
42.4
39.6
41.5

41.8
42.2
42.6
39.1
41.7

42.5
42.2
42.5
38.4
42.2

41.6
41.7
41.5
37.8
42.2

42.3
41.5
41.6
38.5
44.1

42.2
41.9
41.6
38.3
44.0

42.9
42.2
41.9
38. 1
45.6

42.8
41.9
41.5
38.0
45.6

43.2
4? •0
39.4
46.8

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

47.3
47.0
46.2
42.5
43.6

47.2
48.5
47.6
44.5
41.7

47.4
47.6
46.8
44.7
41.9

47.3
47.5
47.2
44.5
42.3

47.7
46.8
47.0
43.1
43.0

47.6
46.8
46.6
42.5
43.9

47.3
46.4
45.7
41.7
44.7

46.8
45.2
44.8
40.9
43.4

47.0
46.4
45.0
41.3
44.0

46.4
47.0
45.9
41.5
42.7

47.9
46.9
46.1
41.6
45.3

47.2
46.6
45.4
41.0
43.6

48.2
47.8
45.7
41.7
46.5

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

45.6
42.1
38.0
42.1
42.2

46.1
44.6
39.0
39.4
44.0

46.3
44.7
38.1
39.8
43.8

45.8
43.9
38.0
40.1
44.5

46.1
43.6
37.5
40.9
43.0

45.9
42.7
37.0
41.1
43.2

45.3
42.4
37.2
42.1
42.5

45.0
40.9
37.0
42.4
41 . 5
.

44.6
40.9
37.3
42.4
40.5

45.9
40.4
38.2
43.0
40.8

45.8
40.0
38.4
43.7
40.6

45.2
39.0
38.7
44.1
40.4

46.0
39.7
39.6
44.4
40.4

1961
1962
1963

41.4
42.8

40.8
43.0
42.8

40.5
43.2
42.9

40.0
43.2
43.3

40.7
42.8
42.9

40.8
43.1
43.2

41.0
42.9

40.9
42.6

41.1
42.6

41.5
42.7

42.3
42.1

42.6
42.1

43.8
43.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.7
3.4
1.9
2.0
2.0

.9
3.0
2.8
1.6
2.5
1.8

1.1
3.0
3.1
1.6
2.2
1.6

1.8
3.1
2.5
1.6
2.0
1.6

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
1.4
2.6
1.4
3.1
3.8
4.6
3.7
1.9
1.7
2.2
1.5
2.0
1.7
1.7
2.7
1.9
2.0
1.9
2.8
2.0
1.6

2.0
4.0
1.7
2.4
2.0

1.9
3.8
1.4
2.4
1.6

2.1
3.4
1.5
2.4
2.0

1.8
2.8
1.3
2.3
1.4

2.3
1.1
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.5
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.5

.4
.7
2.0
.8
1.8
1.5

.6
.9
2.3
.7
1.4
1.3

.7
1.0
1.9
.6
1.4
1.3

NEW HIRES
.4
1.2
1.3
.7
1.5
1.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•3
.7
.4
1.6
2.0
1.0
1.5
1.0
1.1
•6
1.3
.9
1.6
1.5
2.2
1.2

.5
2.0
1.0
1.3
1.4

.6
2.0
.9
1.6
1.3

•8
2.1
.9
1.7
1.3

.7
1.8
.6
1.5
l.l

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4.0
1.9
2.4
1.9
1.7

10.9
2.6
1.7
2.5
1.8
1.8

5.4
1.7
1.6
2.7
1.5
1.5

5.7
2.1
1.7
2.3
1.7
1.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.5
3.3
4.1
2.2
1.9
2.1
1.7
1.7
2.6
2.5
2.9
2.2
1.4
1.5
1.9
1.7
1.7
2.2
1.9
1.5
1.3
2.4

3.4
1.9
3.3
1.7
2.1

3.5
2.4
3.3
2.3
2.3

2.1
1.6
2.2
1.5
1.4

1.6
1.3
2.3
1.7
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.4
.7
.7
•6
.8

•4
.6
•8
.4
•6
•6

.4
.5
.7
•4
.6
.6

•4
.6
.8
.5
.7
.7

.4
•8
.7
.5
•6

.6
.9
.9
.6
1.1

•6
1.2
1.1
l.l
1.2

•6
•8
.5
.5
.7

.4
.5
.5
•6
.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
.8
1.2
.9
.5

10.0
1.6
.5
1.7
.7
.8

4.7
.9
.5
1.9
.5
.5

4.8
1.1
.5
1.3
.5
.4

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.8
3.4
2.6
1.5
.9
•6
•6
.7
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.6
.7
1.0
.8
•6
.3
•6
.7
.6
.2
1.1

2.5
.7
2.0
•6
.5

2.5
•8
1.6
.7
•6

1.3
.5
1.3
.5
.4

.9
•4
1.5
.7
.5

69.9
84.6
85.2
83.2
88.2

71.9
85.7
82.8
85.1
89.1

71.5
84.5
81.6
84.3
90.1

76.3
86.8
82.8
86.0
91.7

78.9
89.3
84.3
87.7
92.6

6.1
6.6
6.5
7.6

6.4
6.5
6.5
7.8

5.6
6.5
6.6
6.7
7.8

6.2
6.9
7.1
8.0

6.8
6.8
7.2
8.1

1.8

l.l

•4
1 .6

.5
1.3
.9

1.3
1.5
2.2

yi O' ^

w

1.5
1 .2

w .p uj * oo

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.4
.4
.4
.7
.7
•8
.9
•8
•8
.5
.5
.5
•8
.8
.9
•6
•8

4?. 4

1.

SPECIAL DIES, TOOLS, JIGS, AND FIXTURES - SIC 3544
ALL EMPLOYEES
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

77.8
85.1
88.8
86.0
91.3

82.5
80.8
89.8
85.7
88.5
92.6

83.5
82.8
91.8
88.2
91.2
93.1

83.9
83.5
94.1
87.7
93.1
95.2

82.6
85.3
94.5
87.9
94.7
95.2

81.3
85.9
94.5
86.1
94.1
95.0

IN THOUSANDS
77.5
86.7
93.6
85.8
92.3

73.3
85.3
90.5
84.7
89.9

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

6.1
6.8
6.6
7.6




5.9
5.8
6.7
6.8
7.3
7.9

5.6
6.9
6.6
7.4
8.0

5.9
6.9
6.3
7.5
8.0

5.8
6.0
6.8
6.3
7.5
7.8

5.9
6.8
6.4
7.5
7.9

5.8
6.8
6.5
7.4

5.3
5.9
6.7
6.5
7.4

188

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

Year

Annual
Average

SPECIAL

DIES,

January
TOOLS,

February
JIGS,

AND

March

Arl
pi

FIXTURES

-

May

SIC

3544—

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

64.5
70.7
73.4
70.3
74.9

69.0
66.6
74.8
70.3
72.5
75.4

70.2
68.5
76.2
72.8
75.0
75.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

118.00
127.58
132.59
128.92
140.14

114.90
120.55
132.73
125.71
133.32
142.24

119.54
124.98
136-.75
127.89
138.15
145.50

70.8
69.0
78.4
72.1
76.7
77.0

69.7
70.8
78.8
72.4
78.2
77.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER
124.36
127.30
141.90
128.92
143.53
148.16

< VERAGE
A

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.77
2.88
2.94
2.95
3.08

2.71
2.81
2.93
2.91
3.03
3.14

2.78
2.86
2.96
2.94
3.07
3.17

2.82
2.88
3.00
2.95
3.10
3.20

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

42.6
44.3
45.1
43.7
45.5

42.4
42.9
45.3
43.2
44.0
45.3

43.0
43.7
46.2
43.5
45.0
45.9

44.1
44.2
47.3
43.7
46.3
46.3

j VERAGE
A

TOOL

ACCESSORIES

-

SIC

44.1
45.1
46.7
44.2
47.3
45.6

37.1
40.8
42.1
39.0
43.1

42.9
38.6
42.6
39.2
41.7
44.6

40.4
38.8
42.8
38.6
42.1
44.7

38.8
39.5
43.2
38.4
42.5
44.4

7.8
7.7
7.0
7.8

8.1
7.4
8.0
7.1
7.6
8.1

7.6
8.0
7.0
7.6
8.1

26.6
30.2
30.8
27.9
31.5

31.3
28.3
31.5
27.9
30.1
32.6

29.1
28.6
31.6
27.4
30.6
32.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

89.62
101.84
102.72
103.72
111.07

89.63
96.88
104.42
99.82
113.74
114.24

88.24
99.14
103.98
99.71
111.07
114.39

7.7
8.1
6.9
7.8
8.0

28.0
29.1
31.9
27.2
30.8
32.3

27.1
29.6
31.9
27.2
31.7
32.7

87.93
100.94
106.68
99.96
111.45
114.39

87.98
102.09
104.49
101.24
112.25
112.19

PRODUCTION-WORKER
2.34
2.46
2.53
2.58
2.67




2.31
2.41
2.51
2.54
2.67
2.72

2.31
2.43
2.53
2.55
2.67
2.73

AVERAGE

-

IN

December

-

IN

58.1
71.3
67.6
69.4
72.9

57.7
70.1
66.2
68.3
73.6

62.8
72.4
67.5
69.8
74.9

65.0
74.6
68.8
71.8
75.5

112.74
121.69
121.98
125.42
136.95

108.54
125.97
121.84
127.30
134.67

111.78
124.41
121.13
130.09
135.39

119.00
129.18
122.98
133.64
140.57

DOLLARS

109.61
123.82
125.42
126.14
137.70

2.74
2.88
2.97
2.96
3.10

WEEKLY

43.8
45.5
47.1
44.2
46.6

57.2
69.9
70.3
67.3
71.7

116.45
128.16
133.95
130.24
141.98

EARNINGS

2.83
2.93
3.03
2.97
3.11

2.32
2.45
2.54
2.55
2.66
2.73

2.34
2.46
2.53
2.55
2.66
2.71

-

IN

DOLLARS
2.68
2.84
2.87
2.92
3.06

2.71
2.83
2.85
2.91
3.05

2.68
2.85
2.84
2.94
3.04

2.76
2.86
2.85
2.97
3.07

2.80
2.89
2.88
3.01
3.11

40.9
43.6
43.7
43.2
45.0

41.6
43.0
42.8
43.1
44.9

40.5
44.2
42.9
43.3
44.3

40.5
43.5
42.5
43.8
44.1

42.5
44.7
42.7
44.4
45.2

34.4
41.5
42.5
38.6
43.1

35.3
42.4
41.6
39.5
43.4

36.0
42.3
40.4
39.4
43.5

37.4
42.5
40.1
40.4
43.9

38.2
42.5
39.4
41.1
43.9

7.9
7.7
6.9
7.7

8.1
7.5
7.0
7.9

6.9
8.1
7.4
7.0
7.9

8.1
7.3
7.2
8.0

8.0
7.1
7.4
8.0

24.2
30.7
31.0
27.6
31.4

25.2
31.6
30.1
28.4
31.7

26.0
31.5
29.1
28.3
32.1

27.3
31.6
28.8
29.3
32.2

28.0
31.5
28.1
29.8
32.2

90.09
102.34
97.39
105.04
110.15

93.14
102.67
99.79
105.41
110.42

95.36
103.00
99.43
107.83
111.37

96.24
104.75
99.06
110.35
113.01

2.37
2.48
2.52
2.59
2.68

2.39
2.50
2.53
2.63
2.69

2.40
2.50
2.54
2.64
2.71

HOURS

42.5
44.5
45.1
44.0
45.8

EMPLOYEES

- I N

WORKERS

i VERAGE
A
86.21
101.52
105.92
101.26
111.99
113.16
, VERAGE
A
2.33
2.47
2.54
2.57
2.66
2.74

-

IN

23.6
29.6
31.3
27.5
31.3

EARNINGS

87.05
103.32
105.41
103.46
112.14

HOURLY

5.9
7.8
7.8
6.9
8.0

THOUSANDS

24.3
30.3
32.0
27.6
31.8

WEEKLY

33.8
40.4
42.5
38.7
43.1

THOUSANDS

7.9
8.0
6.9
7.9

7.8
7.9
6.6
7.9
8.0

25.6
29.8
31.9
26.2
31.7
32.4

THOUSANDS

34.6
40.9
43.5
38.8
43.5

36.1
40.2
43.3
37.3
43.3
44.5

7.1
7.6
7.9
6.8
7.8
8.0

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

60.3
70.9
74.9
69.0
73.7

EARNINGS

HOURLY

EMPLOYEES

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

November

THOUSANDS

123.95
133.32
142.71
131.27
144.93

44.5
45.9
47.4
44.0
46.8
45.8

37.8
40.0
43.4
38.3
43.4
44.8
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

October

3545
ALL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

IN

WEEKLY

2.85
2.95
3.03
2.96
3.14
3.18

PRODUCTION-WORKER

MACHINE

-

64.7
72.1
78.0
70.0
76.0

126.83
135.41
143.62
130.24
146.95
145.64

2.85
2.90
3.00
2.97
3.12
3.17

September

CONTINUED

WORKERS
68.4
71.6
79.1
70.2
77.8
77.6

125.69
130.79
140.10
131.27
147.58
144.55

August

J
uly

June

EARNINGS

2.34
2.46
2.54
2.58
2.67

-

2.33
2.47
2.54
2.58
2.65

IN

DOLLARS

87.61
102.83
100.90
105.15
108.26

86.21
103.49
103.38
106.04
108.65

-

IN

DOLLARS
2.33
2.46
2.51
2.59
2.66

2.34
2.46
2.51
2.60
2.68

189

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

Arl
pi

March

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October

November

December

MACHINE TOOL ACCESSORIES - SIC 3545— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

38.3
41.4
40.6
40.2
41.6

38.8
40.2
41.6
39.3
42.6
42.0

38.2
40.8
41.1
39.1
41.6
41.9

37.9
41.2
42.0
39.2
41.9
41.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
2.4
1.5
2.1
2.3

.9
1.9
1.9
1.3
3.2
2.8

1.0
2.3
1.7
1.4
2.3
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.7
1.1
1.1
1.7

.4
1.1
1.5
•6
2.1
1.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
1.6
2.4
1.9
1.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

37.6
41.5
41.3
39.7
42.2
41.4

37.0
41.1
41.7
39.4
42.1
41.3

37.0
41.9
40.7
41.1
41.0

37.6
41.8
40.2
40.6
40.7

38.5
41.6
38.8
40.4
41.1

39.3
41.4
39.6
40.7
41.2

39.9
41.2
39.3
41.0
41.4

40.1
41.9
39.0
41.8
41.7

•8
2.6
1.9
1.7
2.5
2.2

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.7
•8
1.3
3.0
2.9
2.1
2.3
3.2
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.2
1.5
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.6
2.1
2.8
1.6
1.8
1.6

1.5
2.8
1.2
3.0
2.7

2.8
3.1
1.1
2.6
2.0

3.4
2.0
1.4
2.7
2.2

2.7
1.7
1.2
2.5
2.1

2.1
1.3
1.2
2.1
1.5

.5
1.2
1.3
.6
1.7
1.4

•4
1.3
1.4
.7
1.6
1.6

NEW HIRES
•4
2.0
1.4
.7
1.9
1.5

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.5
•6
2.3
1.7
1.6
.9
1.3
1.4
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.6
2.3
1.3
1.2

.5
2.3
.9
1.4
1.5

.7
2.8
.7
1.3
1.6

•8
1.7
.8
1.5
1.7

1.1
1.4
.7
1.6
1.7

1.0
1.0
.6
1.5
1.0

5.1
1.9
1.6
2.8
1.7
1.7

4.0
1.2
1.6
1.8
1.5
1.3

3.5
1.3
2.5
2.1
1.5
2.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
4.4
6.1
2.7
1.9
1.5
1.3
1.6
1.7
2.8
2.3
2.4
2.2
1.5
2.1
1.8
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.8
2.1
1.9
1.9

1.3
2.0
3.2
2.4
3.0

1.9
2.3
2.7
1.9
2.2

1.7
1.7
2.6
1.6
1.7

1.3
1.7
2.6
1.4
1.3

.9
1.5
2.3
1.3
1.0

.4
.7
.7
•6
.8

.4
.5
.7
•4
.8
.7

.4
•4
.7
.4
•6
•6

.4
.5
.8
•6
•6
.9

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.3
.3
•3
•6
.7
.7
1.0
.7
.7
.5
.4
.6
.9
.9
.9
.7
•8

.4
•8
.7
.5
.8

.4
.9
.9
.7
1.3

.7
1.3
1.0
.9
l.l

.3
.9
•6
.6
.9

.5
.6
.5
•6
•6

.4
•6
.3
.5
.4

2.1
.5
1.3
.9
.5

4.2
.7
.5
1.8
.4
.7

3.3
.5
.5
1.1
•3
.3

2.9
.3
1.1
1.0
.4
.5

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.7
5.6
1.8
1.0
.5
.5
.3
.4
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.2
•8
1.0
.7
.9
.4
.4
•8
.2
.5
.7

.6
.5
1.9
1.4
1.3

.9
.6
1.4
.5
.5

.9
.4
1.7
.5
.4

.6
.6
1.9
.4
.3

.2
.4
1.5
.2
.2

46.9
54.6
59.0
57.8
59.2

49.9
56.6
60.8
58.3
59.6

49.9
57.0
60.8
57.8
59.9

50.1
57.8
60.4
57.5
60.1

50.4
58.5
60.0
58.3
60.3

7.3
7.6
7.7
7.7

7.6
7.9
8.0
7.7

6.7
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.7

7.8
8.1
7.8
7.8

7.9
8.1
7.9
7.8

32.5
39.2
41.8
40.8
42.1

35.3
40.9
43.6
41.6
42.3

35.4
41.4
43.9
41.1
42.7

35.7
41.9
43.4
40.7
42.9

35.9
42.4
42.8
41.6
43.0

37.2
42.0
41.5
40.1
42.0

MISCELLANEOUS METALWORKING MACHINERY - SIC 3542*8
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

51.4
54.5
60.3
58.3
59.9

58.1
51.0
58.9
59.8
59.1
60.0

55.6
51.4
59.5
59.4
59.2
60.4

54.6
52.0
60.2
58.9
59.4
59.8

50.9
52.8
60.8
58.6
59.9
60.0

50.6
53.7
60.7
57.5
60.4
60.2

50.2
54.6
61.6
58.2
60.8

49.2
53.7
61.0
57.0
60.7

FEMALE EMPLOYEES - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

7.3
7.9
7.9
7.9

7.5
6.9
7.9
8.1
8.1
7.8

;

7.0
7.9
8.2
8.0
7.7

7.1
7.9
8.1
7.9
7.8

40.0
36.6
43.2
42.2
42.4
43.2

39.2
37.2
43.8
41.8
42.5
42.6

6.1
7.2
8.1
7.9
8.0
7.8

7.3
7.9
7.6
7.8
7.7

7.3
7.9
7.7
7.8

6.5
7.0
7.9
7.6
8.1

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

36.5
39.2
43.5
41.3
42.8




42.2
36.4
42.7
42.7
42.3
42.7

36.0
37.9
44.3
41.6
43.0
43.0

35.7
38.6
44.2
40.4
43.5
43.1

35.5
39.4
44.6
41.3
43.6

34.8
38.6
44.1
40.1
43.4

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES

190

Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

J
uly

August

September

October** November

December

MISCELLANEOUS METALWORKING MACHINERY - SIC 3542.8— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

93.27
102.97
107.94
107.73
115.77
116.44

94.14
103.89
109.25
108.67
116.75
117.55

95.80
105.22
109.06
110.15
117.16

93.36
101.96
107.12
108.27
113.83
117.14

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.45
2.56
2.66
2.74
2.83

2.40
2.53
2.60
2.70
2.79
2.85

2.41
2.53
2.62
2.70
2.81
2.84

2.42
2.54
2.62
2.71
2.82
2.86

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.1
41.1
41.0
40.2
41.4

38.9
40.3
41.2
40.1
40.8
41.1

38.7
40.7
41.2
39.9
41.2
41.0

38.9
40.9
41.7
40.1
41.4
41.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.8
3.0
2.0
1.9
2.5

.9
3.1
2.7
1.9
2.6
2.0

1.1
3.3
2.6
1.4
2.1
1.8

1958
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.9
1.3
1.0
1.7

.4
1.2
1.7
1.0
1.4
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
2.1
2.4
2.2
2.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

95.40
104.55
108.21
108.80
117.45
116.16

93.07
106.34
109.15
110.02
118.28
117.42

94.04
106.66
111.19
110.84
120.54

95.69
104.70
110.95
109.75
119.26

97.61
104.70
111.78
110.83
117.58

96.47
105.01
108.27
110.15
115.21

98.11
106.04
107.87
112.19
116.88

98.00
107.23
107.20
111.20
116.57

101.91
108.94
108.67
113.00
118.28

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
2.49
2.56
2.70
2.75
2.84

2.48
2.58
2.68
2.74
2.81

2.49
2.58
2.67
2.77
2.83

2.50
2.59
2.68
2.78
2.85

2.51
2.60
2.71
2.79
2.85

38.9
40.9
41.4
40.2
41.7

39.2
40.9
41.4
40.3
41.4

38.9
40.7
40.4
40.2
41.0

39.4
41.1
40.4
40.5
41.3

39.2
41.4
40.0
40.0
40.9

40.6
41.9
40.1
40. 5
41.5

1.2
3.5
2.3
1.8
2.5
2.1

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.8
1.1
2.1
4.1
2.5
3.1
3.6
2.6
2.2
2.2
1.4
2.6
2.0
2.3
1.9
2.9
2.7
3.3
2.2
2.0
2.7

3.2
3.0
1.9
1.9
2.4

2.8
3.0
1.9
1.8
2.1

2.4
2.1
1.7
2.3
3.0

2.1
2.3
1.2
1.8
2.1

2.1
2.1
1.1
1.3
1.5

.4
1.4
1.7
.6
1.3
l.l

.5
1.8
1.5
.7
1.5
1.3

NEW HIRES
•3
2.1
1.5
•6
2.0
1.6

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.6
•6
.4
1.9
3.0
1.7
1.4
1.9
1*1
1.0
1.3
•9
2.7
1.5
2.0
1.3

.8
2.3
1.5
1.1
1.7

•8
2.3
1.3
l.l
1.6

.8
1.5
l.l
1.3
2.2

•8
1.5
•6
1.1
1.5

.9
1.6
.6
.7
.8

4.9
2.0
1.9
2.5
1.9
2.3

4.2
1.9
1.8
2.3
1.7
2.2

4.1
1.8
1.8
2.7
2.0
2.0

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.0
2.3
4.4
4.1
1.9
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.3
1.9
2.6
2.0
1.4
1.8
2.5
1.7
1.9
2.6
1.7

3.2
2.2
2.7
2.1
2.3

3.1
2.7
4.0
2.8
2.6

2.5
2.5
2.4
2.2
2.4

2.1
1.5
2.2
1.9
1.9

1.7
2.4
2.9
1.6
1.4

.5
.9
.7
•6
.8

.5
•6
.7
.5
.6
.7

.4
.7
.7
.4
.6
.5

.4
.7
.7
.5
•8
.6

.4
.9
.6
.5

.7
1.4
1.0
•8

.6

1 .0

.9
1.6
1.3
1.3
1.2

.6
1.0
.6
.7
.8

.5
.7
•4
.5
.6

•4
.6
.5
.4
•4

2.5
•8
1.1
1.1
.7

3.9
1.0
•6
1.6
.7
1.1

3.3
.9
.7
1.5
.7
1.2

3.5
.7
.5
1.8
.7
1.0

1.7
.5
1.2
.4
.7

2.2
.4
1.1
.5

1.9
.8
2.1
1.1
.9

1.7
1.1
1.3
1.0
.9

1.4
.5
1.4
1.1
.7

.9
1.5
2.0
.7
.5

2.44
2.55
2.62
2.72
2.83
2.84

2.43
2.55
2.63
2.73
2.85
2.85

2.43
2.57
2.66
2.73
2.87

2.46
2.56
2.68
2.73
2.86

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.6
3.1
2.2
.7
.3
1.0
1.0
•8
.9
1.7
1.0
•8
.4
.4
1.2
.6
1.2

1 .0

O ' <0 ^
^
.f* Ul O '

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.5
.4
.5
.9
.9
1.0
.8
.8
.8
.5
•6
.6
•8
.8
.8
.7
•8

*

38.7
41.5
41.8
40.6
42.0

O Ul >0

38.3
41.7
41.5
40.3
41.5
41.2

Ul ^

39.1
41.0
41.3
40.0
41.5
40.9

00 x l O ' O O

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

SPECIAL INDUSTRY MACHINERY - SIC 355
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1947
1948
1949
1950

200.8
198.3
168.8
164.7

198.7
203.1
191.6
153.2

200.0
202.9
188.6
154.4

201.6
201.6
185.1
155.9

202.0
201.9
178.4
158.0

203.4
199.3
172.5
159.9

203.1
199.3
166.3
162.5

197.8
194.1
160.9
162.4

197.8
197.4
159.0
165.6

199.3
196.8
158.7
171.5

201.7
195.7
156.0
175.1

201.3
194.6
154.3
177.4

207.9
194.0
153.9
180.2

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

192.4
187.2
185.6
175.1
175.6

185.2
191.7
187.5
181.9
169.9

189.4
190.4
188.3
180.5
171.3

191.5
191.6
188.2
180.1
173.0

193.0
190.3
187.7
178.4
174.7

193.9
188.5
187.4
176.7
175.2

194.5
188.5
188.4
175.7
176.3

193.9
183.3
184.8
172.8
174.8

194.7
185.3
183.9
172.2
176.0

193.6
181.4
182.4
172.4
177.8

193.7
181.9
183.0
170.5
178.1

193.4
186.5
182.8
169.6
178.7

197.5
187.1
183.3
169.9
18C.9




191

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

SPECIAL

Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

INDUSTRY

F e b ru a ry

MACHINERY

-

M a rc h

SIC

A p r il

355—

ALL
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

184.4
179.7
160.9
163.6
167.9

181.9
183.9
175.0
157.4
168.6

183.4
182.1
171.5
159.2
169.9

1961
1962
1963

161.6
169.0

161.7
164.9
168.0

161.2
166.7
167.5

Ju n e

M ay

J u ly

A ugust

S e p te m b e r ‘

O c to b e r

Novem ber

D e ce m b e r

CONTINUED

EMPLOYEES

184.8
181.7
166.7
160.9
170.0

184.7
180.8
163.5
161.5
170.1

159.9
167.6
168.1

159.7
168.7
168.5
FEMALE

-

IN

THOUSANDS—

CONTINUED

184.6
180.9
160.2
162.1
169.8

186.5
181.5
158.2
164.5
170.7

185.5
178.8
155.5
164.0
168.8

184.4
175.9
156.0
164.2
167.8

184.7
178.4
156.4
166.7
166.4

183.7
179.0
155.4
166.4
164.8

184.4
177.5
156.1
167.9
164.9

184.5
176.4
156.7
168.4
163.3

160.7
169.4
168.0

161.7
171.4

160.7
170.9

161.2
170.5

162.2
169.8

161.3
169.8

163.5
169.0

164.9
169.0

EMPLOYEES

- I N

THOUSANDS

1950

15.9

16.0

16.2

17.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

18.9
20.7
20.6
20.4
19.0

19.7
20.0
20.5
20.0
19.0

20.7
19.4
20.3
19.0
18.7

20.5
19.5
20.5
13.8
19.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

19.1
20.0
18.9
16.6
17.3

16.8
17.5

16.8
17.6

19.8
19.3
17.6
17.0
17.4

17.0
17.4

17.4
17.5

20.0
19.5
16.7
17.1
17.4

17.0
17.3

17.3
17.2

20.4
19.2
16.7
17.2
17.0

17.3
17.0

17.5
16.9

16.6
17.4
17.9

16.5
17.6
17.9

16.4
17.8
18.1

16.4
17.8
17.9

16.2
17.7
17.9

16.4
18.0

16.4
18.0

16.5
17.9

16.9
17.8

17.0
17.8

18.1
17.9

17.4
17.7

1961
1962
1963

17.1
17.3
16.7
17.8

PRODUCTIONE WORKERS

-

IN

THOUSANDS

1947
1948
1949
1950

165.2
160.8
133.0
128.4

164.1
166.1
153.9
118.4

165.4
165.8
151.1
119.4

166.9
164.7
148.1
120.7

167.1
163.2
142.2
122.6

168.4
161.4
136.8
124.4

167.8
161.2
130.9
126.3

161.4
156.4
125.7
126.0

161.6
159.9
124.3
129.2

163.0
159.6
123.5
133.9

165.2
157.7
120.9
137.6

165.3
157.0
119.1
139.4

166.6
156.4
119.0
142.5

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

152.0
144.4
140.6
129.4
128.6

146.9
149.9
142.9
136.4
124.0

150.6
148.7
144.0
135.2
125.0

152.2
149.4
143.8
134.5
126.8

153.4
148.2
143.0
132.4
128.6

153.4
146.3
142.2
130.9
128.6

153.8
145.7
143.2
129.8
129.2

153.0
140.6
139.2
126.3
127.4

153.6
141.8
138.3
126.4
128.1

152.6
137.9
137.0
126.2
130.5

152.2
138.6
137.4
125.1
130.5

151.6
142.5
138.0
124.3
131.3

150.5
142.8
138.2
124.7
133.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

135.1
129.0
112.1
115.4
118.4

133.7
133.7
124.0
109.9
119.7

135.7
131.8
121.0
111.5
120.6

136.2
131.4
116.8
112.9
120.4

135.6
130.2
114.2
113.7
120.7

135.7
130.2
111.6
114.4
120.1

136.3
130.5
109.5
116.2
120.5

135.6
127.8
106.9
115.6
118.4

134.8
124.7
107.6
116.1
117.9

135.0
127.6
108.4
118.1
117.2

134.1
127.8
107.5
118.0
115.1

134.4
126.7
108.7
119.3
115.7

134.1
125.6
109.4
119.6
114.4

1961
1962
1963

111.9
116.8

112.7
113.6
115.5

112.2
115.3
114.9

111.3
115.8
115.4

110.9
116.7
116.0

111.5
117.2
115.3

112.2
118.7

111.1
117.8

111.4
117.5

112.1
117.4

110.9
117.8

112.6
116.8

113.7
116.9

1947
1948
1949
1950

54.61
59.22
59.20
64.27

52.32
57.69
60.15
60.07

52.75
57.54
59.53
60.43

53.19
58.57
59.45
60.87

53.32
58.67
59.09
61.21

54.18
58.97
59.20
62.10

55.43
59.75
58.63
62.46

54.48
58.94
58.67
62.47

53.54
59.81
58.32
64.27

56.02
59.96
58.94
65.90

55.88
60.35
58.54
67.90

55.99
59.60
58.63
69.26

58.55
61.38
60.35
71.57

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

72.98
75.68
79.61
77.90
81.29

72.00
74.82
78.81
78.85
78.12

72.60
74.65
80.04
79.61
78.91

73.10
75.52
80.41
79.00
80.67

73.87
74.30
80.11
77.49
79.87

72.44
74.65
79.92
77.52
80.87

73.04
75.08
79.37
76.92
81.87

72.21
72.38
78.68
76.17
80.32

70.95
73.85
78.07
75.98
80.51

72.74
76.54
78.58
77.36
82.68

72.67
76.54
79.52
77.74
83.92

73.10
77.22
79.80
78.31
84.15

74.90
79.90
81.51
79.27
86.60

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

87.74
87.77
87.56
96.37
99.72

86.03
88.62
86.62
92.66
99.88

86.63
88.62
85.93
93.52
99.36

86.86
88.20
86.11
93.94
100.30

86.46
88.20
85.67
94.39
97.58

87.52
87.35
85.85
95.49
100.25

86.68
87.57
86.68
97.52
100.91

87.34
87.76
86.68
95.91
100.67

87.13
86.92
87.52
96.33
99.78

89.44
88.17
88.80
97.90
100.02

89.03
88.58
88.80
99.92
100.08

89.25
86.86
90.50
99.45
99.12

90.30
87.94
92.66
100.15
98.33

1961
1962
1963

101.43
106.77

98.98
104.08
108.71

98.81
105.17
107.94

98.74
106.85
108.88

98.98
106.42
107.17

99.87
108.03
109.13

101.50
108.46

100.94
106.01

100.94
105.59

103.25
108.38

103.42
106.68

104.41
106.68

106.07
109.31

1.318
1.437
1.482
1.579

1.330
1.443
1.488
1.607

1.343
1.458
1.490
1.623

PRODUCTION-WORKER

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1947
1948
1949
1950

1.279
1.400
1.469
1.534




1.211
1.348
1.453
1.487

1.224
1.357
1.452
1.492

1.234
1.362
1.457
1.492

1.243
1.374
1.459
1.493

AVERAGE

AVERAGE
1.263
1.381
1.469
1.500

WEEKLY

HOURLY

EARNINGS

EARNINGS

1.283
1.396
1.473
1.505

1.294
1.400
1.474
1.509

-

-

IN

IN

DOLLARS

DOLLARS

1.290
1.424
1.469
1.523

1.318
1.438
1.481
1.547

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

192

Year

SPECIAL

Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

INDUSTRY

F e b ru a ry

MACHINERY

-

M a rch

SIC

A p r il

355—

June

M ay

August

J u ly

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

CONTINUED

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS—

CONTINUED

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.67
1.76
1.86
1.90
1..94

1.64
1.72
1.82
1.90
1.91

1.65
1.72
1.84
1.90
1.92

1.65
1.74
1.84
1.89
1.93

1.66
1.74
1.85
1.89
1.92

1.65
1.74
1.85
1.90
1.93

1.66
1.75
1.85
1.89
1.94

1.66
1.74
1.86
1.89
1.94

1.65
1.75
1.85
1.89
1.94

1.68
1.78
1.88
1.91
1.95

1.69
1.78
1.88
1.91
1.97

1.70
1.80
1.90
1.91
1.98

1.71
1.82
1.90
1.91
2.00

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.05
2.12
2.20
2.30
2.38

2.01
2.10
2.16
2.26
2.35

2.01
2.10
2.17
2.27
2.36

2.02
2.10
2.18
2.28
2.36

2.02
2.11
2.18
2.28
2.34

2.04
2.11
2.19
2.29
2.37

2.03
2.11
2.20
2.30
2.38

2.06
2.13
2.20
2.30
2.38

2.05
2.12
2.21
2.31
2.37

2.08
2.14
2.22
2.32
2.41

2.09
2.15
2.22
— 2.34
2.40

2.10
2.15
2.24
2.34
2.40

2.10
2.15
2.26
2.34
2.41

1961
1962
1963

2.45
2.53

2.42
2.49
2.57

2.41
2.51
2.57

2.42
2.52
2.58

2.42
2.51
2.57

2.43
2.53
2.58

2.44
2.54

2.45
2.53

2.45
2.52

2.47
2.55

2.48
2.54

2.48
2.54

2.49
2.56

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

1947
1948
1949
1950

42.7
42.3
40.3
41.9

43.2
42.8
41.4
40.4

43.1
42.4
41.0
40.5

43.1
43.0
40.8
40.8

42.9
42.7
40.5
41.0

42.9
42.7
40.3
41.4

43.2
42.8
39.8
41.5

42.1
42.1
39.8
41.4

41.5
42.0
39.7
42.2

42.5
41.7
39.8
42.6

42.4
42.0
39.5
43.0

42.1
41.3
39.4
43.1

43.6
42.1
40.5
44.1

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.7
43.0
42.8
41.0
41.9

43.9
43.5
43.3
41.5
40.9

44.0
43.4
43.5
41.9
41.1

44.3
43.4
43.7
41.8
41.8

44.5
42.7
43.3
41.0
41.6

43.9
42.9
43.2
40.8
41.9

44.0
42.9
42.9
40.7
42.2

43.5
41.6
42.3
40.3
41.4

43.0
42.2
42.2
40.2
41.5

43.3
43.0
41.8
40.5
42.4

43.0
43.0
42.3
40.7
42.6

43.0
42.9
42.0
41.0
42.5

43.8
43.9
42.9
41.5
43.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.8
41.4
39.8
41.9
41.9

42.8
42.2
40.1
41.0
42.5

43.1
42.2
39.6
41.2
42.1

43.0
42.0
39.5
41.2
42.5

42.8
41.8
39.3
41.4
41.7

42.9
41.4
39.2
41.7
42.3

42.7
41.5
39.4
42.4
42.4

42.4
41.2
39.4
41.7
42.3

42.5
41.0
39.6
41.7
42.1

43.0
41.2
40.0
42.2
41.5

42.6
41.2
40.0
42.7
41.7

42.5
40.4
40.4
42.5
41.3

43.0
40.9
41.0
42.8
40.8

1961
1962
1963

41.4
42.2

40.9
41.8
42.3

41.0
41.9
42.0

40.8
42.4
42.2

40.9
42.4
41.7

41.1
42.7
42.3

41.6
42.7

41.2
41.9

41.2
41.9

41.8
42.5

41.7
42.0

42.1
42.0

42.6
42.7

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1.8
3.2
3.3
2.8
3.5

1.8
2.3
3.7
2.6
3.2
3.5

1.7
2.5
3.7
2.4
3.5
3.5

1.6
2.6
3.7
2.4
3.6
3.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.5

1.5
3.0
2.8
2.1
2.8
2.1

1.3
3.1
3.0
1.7
2.7
2.1

1.6
3.1
2.7
2.2
2.6
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
2.2
1.9
1.5
1.9

.8
1.9
2.2
1.3
2.0
1.6

.7
1.9
2.4
1.1
2.0
1.5

.7
2.1
2.2
1.3
2.0
1.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.1
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5

3.8
2.1
2.2
2.9
2.1
2.9

3.6
1.7
2.0
2.5
2.1
2.2

3.9
2.6
2.2
2.7
2.5
2.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.0
1.0
•8
1.0

.6
.7
1.0
.6
.8
.7

.4
.7
.9
.6
•8
.7

.5
•8
.9
.7
1.0
.9

1.5
2.6
2.9
2.4
3.6
3.1
ACCESSIONS
1.8
2.8
2.4
2.2
2.7
2.4

PER
2.0
2.9
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.4

NEW




1.5
3.4
3.5
2.8
3.8

1.5
2.8
3.4
2.5
3.5
3.4

PER
.9
2.1
2.3
1.8
1.9
1.8

HIRES
.8
2.1
2.0
1.4
2.1
1.8

100

100

SEPARATIONSi PER
3.1
4.2
2.4
2.0
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.3
QUITS
.5
1.1
1.1
.7
1.1
.9

PER

100
.6
1.0
1.0
.7
1.1
1.1

100

HOURS

1.5
3.0
3.6
2.7
3.4

1.8
3.3
3.4
2.8
3.3

2.0
3.5
3.3
3.1
3.6

1.9
4.0
3.2
3.3
3.3

2.1
3.8
2.7
3.2
3.3

2.3
3.8
2.8
3.7
3.7

EMPLOYEES
1.8
2.3
4.0
2.7
2.1
3.6
3.0
2.4
3.1
2.5

2.4
3.1
2.3
2.6
2.8

2.6
3.6
2.2
2.6
2.2

2.8
2.8
2.0
2.7
2.4

2.2
2.4
1.6
2.1
1.7

1.9
1.8
1.4
1.6
1.5

EMPLOYEES
.9
1.3
3.2
2.1
1.7
3.0
1.5
2.1
1.8
2.6

1.2
2.6
1.8
1.8
2.0

1.4
3.0
1.8
1.8
1.8

1.5
2.3
1.5
1.8
1.7

1.1
1.8
1.2
1.4
1.3

.9
1.4
.9
1.1
1.0

EMPLOYEES
2.4
2.7
2.0
2.3
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.0

2.9
2.6
2.9
3.3
3.1

3.1
3.2
3.4
3.0
3.0

3.2
2.9
2.4
2.7
2.9

2.6
2.0
2.3
2.1
2.8

1.8
2.0
2.3
1.7
2.0

•8
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.5

1.1
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.5

•8
1.2
.8
.9
.9

.6
.9
.6
.7
.8

.5
.7
.5
.7
.5

EMPLOYEES
.7
1.0
1.1
.8
.9

•6
1.2
1.0
.8
.9

O ' <$• O'

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

AVERAGE

193

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A v e ra g e

Year

SPECIAL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

FOOD

Ja n u a ry

INDUSTRY

2.1
•8
.9
1.2
•8

PRODUCTS

F e b ru a ry

MACHINERY

2.8
.9
.7
1.9
.7
1.6

MACHINERY

-

SIC

355—

2.9
.6
.6
1.5
.7
.9

-

A p r il

M a rch

SIC

2.9
1.2
.7
1.5
.7
.7

32.4
32.5
32.7
31.9
33.3

33.6
31.7
32.5
32.1
32.4
32.8

33.5
32.1
32.7
32.1
33.0
32.7

LAYOFFS
3.3
.9
.8
1.1
.7
.8

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4

21.3
21.6
21.6
20.9
21.7

PER

100
2.1
.4
.8
1.1
•6
•8

33.1
32.4
32.8
32.0
33.1
32.8

EMPLOYEES

33.0
32.6
32.8
31.8
33.2
32.8

EMPLOYEES
1.6
.4
•6
.9
.5

3.7
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.4

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.4

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.4

22.3
21.0
21.5
20.9
21.1
21.2

22.2
21.3
21.7
21.0
21.9
21.1

21.9
21.6
21.6
21.0
21.8
21.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER

IN

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

1.6
•6
1.0
1.6
•8

1.5
•8
1.3
1.0
1.0

2.0
1.2
1.2
1.3
l.l

1.6
.6
1.3
1.0
1.4

.9
•8
1.4
.5
.9

31.7
32.7
32.7
31.4
33.4

31.6
32.5
32.8
32.1
33.5

31.7
32.0
32.6
32.0
33.5

31.9
32.5
32.6
32.0
33.1

31.8
32.4
32.3
32.3
33.3

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.5

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4

3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4

20.5
21.9
21.5
20.4
21.3

1.4
.6
•8
1.0
.8

-

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4

WORKERS

AVERAGE

31.6
32.6
32.5
31.2
33.4

20.7
21.6
21.8
21.1
21.7

20.8
21.2
21.5
21.0
21.8

21.1
21.5
21.4
21.0
21.4

21.1
21.5
21.2
21.2
21.7

IN T H O U S A N D S

3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.4

21.8
22.0
21.7
21.4
22.1
21.1

THOUSANDS

32.2
33.2
32.9
31.8
33.8

EMPLOYEES

3.6
3.3
3.3
3*2
3.4
3.4

21.7
21.8
21.8
20.8
21.8
21.3

-

33.0
32.9
32.7
32.5
33.6
32.7

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

A ugust

3551

FEMALE
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

J u ly

Ju n e

CONTINUED

ALL
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

M ay

-

IN

THOUSANDS

21.0
22.2
21.8
20.8
22.2

WEEKLY

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4

20.6
21.9
21.3
20.4
21.6

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

73.36
76.74
79.90
79.73
83.21

70.52
74.82
78.81
82.49
79.18

71.31
74.90
78.49
83.27
80.18

72.07
76.79
80.41
82.29
81.59

73.10
76.86
77.98
79.73
81.99

73.10
76.50
81.59
79.35
81.99

74.91
77.11
79.85
78.36
82.39

74.39
75.71
81.08
77.59
81.80

72.33
74.70
80.65
77.97
83.01

74.90
77.04
79.61
78.57
85.46

75.50
77.28
79.80
77.99
84.85

74.62
77.46
79.46
78.39
84.25

74.65
80.04
82.22
80.16
86.51

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

87.99
89.35
91.48
98.29
101.11

86.94
87.10
89.38
95.76
101.75

89.03
88.37
88.93
95.47
99.72

88.83
90.25
90.00
97.23
101.92

86.11
89.84
89.38
96.59
99.31

87.36
89.82
89.15
99.25
101.92

86.32
90.01
91.71
100.67
101.19

89.25
89.76
93.02
97.64
100.94

87.78
89.51
94.30
98.77
100.45

87.97
90.80
93.61
98.88
102.09

87.74
90.13
93.61
100.43
102.34

87.10
88.13
92.69
99.46
99.38

89.44
90.09
94.25
99.77
101.59

1961
1962
1963

104.24
110.35

102.25
106.40
110.95

102.50
110.09
110.68

101.75
111.09
112.59

100.69
112.30
11D.83

102.00
112.36
111.49

104.17
109.93

103.48
108.21

104.65
109.15

106.50
111.45

107.07
110.12

106.34
108.92

107.43
111.49

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.71
1.81
1.88
1.94
2.01

1.64
1.74
1.85
1.95
1.96

1.67
1.75
1.86
1.95
1.97

1.68
1.79
1.87
1.95
1.99

1.70
1.80
1.87
1.94
1.99

1.70
1.80
1.88
1.94
1.99

1.73
1.81
1.87
1.93
1.99

1.73
1.82
1.89
1.93
2.00

1.71
1.80
1.88
1.93
2.01

1.75
1.83
1.90
1.94
2.03

1.76
1.84
1.90
1.94
2.03

1.76
1.84
1.91
1.95
2.04

1.74
1.87
1.93
1.96
2.05

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.11
2.19
2.27
2.38
2.46

2.07
2.14
2.24
2.33
2.44

2.09
2.15
2.24
2.34
2.45

2.09
2.18
2.25
2.36
2.45

2.08
2.17
2.24
2.35
2.44

2.09
2.18
2.24
2.38
2.45

2.08
2.19
2.27
2.38
2.45

2.13
2.20
2.28
2.37
2.45

2.11
2.21
2.30
2.38
2.45

2.13
2.22
2.30
2.40
2.49

2.14
2.22
2.30
2.42
2.49

2.14
2.22
2.30
2.42
2.46

2.15
2.23
2.31
2.41
2.49

1961
1962
1963

2.53
2.64

2.50
2.57
2.68

2.50
2.64
2.68

2.50
2.62
2.70

2.48
2.63
2.69

2.50
2.65
2.68

2.51
2.63

2.53
2.62

2.54
2.63

2.56
2.66

2.58
2.66

2.55
2.65

2.57
2.68

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.9
42.4
42.5
41.1
41.4

43.0
43.0
42.6
42.3
40.4

42.7
42.8
42.2
42.7
40.7

42.9
42.9
43.0
42.2
41.0

42.3
41.5
42.9
40.4
41.3

42.8
42.1
41.9
40.5
42.1

42.9
42.0
42.0
40.2
41.8

42.4
42.1
41.6
40.2
41.3

42.9
42.8
42.6
40.9
42.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

PRODUCTION-WORKER




43.0
42.7
41.7
41.1
41.2

43.0
42.5
43.4
40.9
41.2

HOURLY

EARNINGS

AVERAGE
43.3
42.6
42.7
40.6
41.4

WEEKLY

-

IN

DOLLARS

HOURS

43.0
41.6
42.9
40.2
40.9

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES

19 4

Annual
A vu ra g *

Y «a r

^000

PRODUCTS

Ja n u a ry

MACHINERY

F e b ru a ry

-

SIC

M a rc h

3551—

August

J u ly

Junu

M ay

A p r il

S u p tu m b u r

October**

Novum bur

D e ce m b e r

CONTINUED

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS—

CONTINUED

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

41.7
40.8
40.3
41.3
41.1

42.0
40.7
39.9
41.1
41.7

42.6
41.1
39.7
40.8
40.7

42.5
41.4
40.0
41.2
41.6

41.4
41.4
39.9
41.1
40.7

41.8
41.2
39.8
41.7
41.6

41.5
41.1
40.4
42.3
41.3

41.9
40.8
40.8
41.2
41.2

41.4
40.5
41.0
41.5
41.0

41.3
40.9
40.7
41.2
41.0

41.0
40.6
40.7
41.5
41.1

40.7
39.7
40.3
41.1
40.4

41.6
40.4
40.8
41.4
40.8

1961
1962
1963

41.2
41.8

40.9
41.4
41.4

41.0
41.7
41.3

40.7
42.4
41.7

40.6
42.7
41.2

40.8
42.4
41.6

41.5
41.8

40.9
41.3

41.2
41.5

41.6
41.9

41.5
41.4

41.7
41.1

41.8
41.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.0
2.8
2.8
3.1

2.3
3.3
3.1
2.2
3.8
2.3

2.2
3.6
3.0
2.3
3.8
2.9

2.4
3.3
2.9
3.3
3.3
2.7

EMPLOYEES
2.5
2.7
3.9
2.9
2.6
3.5
3.9
2.2
2.8
3.9

2.9
2.9
3.0
3.3
3.6

3.2
3.4
2.8
2.9
3.0

2.7
2.5
2.7
3.2
3.1

2.0
2.3
2.4
2.1
2.0

1.4
1.7
2.1
2.0
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
2.3
2.2
2.0
2.5

1.2
2.2
2.3
1.7
3.0
1.8

1.2
2.4
2.2
1.8
3.1
1.9

1.7
2.7
2.3
1.7
2.7
1.9

HIRES
1.6
2.3
2.3
1.7
3.0
2.0

1.8
2.4
2.1
1.6
2.0

1.9
2.3
2.4
2.2
2.6

2.4
2.8
2.5
2.1
2.4

2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.5

1.4
1.9
2.0
1.7
1.6

.7
1.4
1.6
1.5
1. 1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.8
3.0

3.1
2.7
3.1
3.3
2.2
4.0

2.7
2.0
2.2
2.6
2.7
2.6

2.8
2.7
3.3
2.2
3.6
2.7

SEPARATIONS
2.6
2.8
2.7
2.6
3.1
3.4

EMPLOYEES
3.2
2.5
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.2
3.1
2.2
2.8
3.1

2.6
3.0
2.8
3.7
3.3

2.8
3.9
3.6
3.4
3.1

2.4
3.5
2.9
3.1
2.9

3.0
2.4
2.8
2.2
3.6

2.1
2.9
2.3
2.2
2.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
1.2
1.0
.9
1.1

.6
1.0
1.0
.7
.9
•8

•4
.9
.8
.6
.9
.9

.7
.9
1.0
.8
1.3
1.1

QUITS
.6
1.4
1.2
.7
1.4
1.0

.7
1.4
1.0
•8
1.0

1.1
1.7
1.4
1.3
1.6

1.2
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.9

1.1
1.2
•9
1.0
1.0

.9
.8
•6
•8
•8

•6
.7
.5
•8
•6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.2

2.0
1.3
1.5
2.2
•6
2.7

1.9
•6
•6
1.6
1.2
1.3

1.6
1.0
1.6
1.0
1.5
1.0

LAYOFFS
1.3
.7
.9
1.3
1.1
1.8

EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.7
•8
.5
.9
.5
1.4
1.0
1.5
1.1

.9
.7
.9
1.7
1.1

.9
1.3
1.5
1.1
.7

.7
1.8
1.5
1.3
1.3

1.7
1.2
1.7
1.0
1.9

1.1
1.6
1.3
•8
1.5

33.3
37.3
38.3
36.6
38.4

33.8
38.5
38.5
36.3
38.6

33.9
38.3
38.4
36.6
38.7

33.8
39.3
38.2
37.3
38.6

33.9
39.4
37.8
37.6
3; .4

4.2
4.1
3.9
4.2

4.2
4.1
4.0
4.3

3.8
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.2

4.2
4.1
4.1
4.2

4.3
4.0
4.1
4.2

25.4
29.3
29.7
28.2
29.6

25.9
30.3
30. C
27.8
29.8

26.1
30.2
29.8
28.1
29.8

26.1
31.1
29.7
28.6
29.8

26.3
31.1
29.3
29.0
29.6

ACCESSIONS
2.6
3.1
2.9
2.6
3.6
2.7
NEW

TEXTILE

MACHINERY

-

SIC

35.0
37.2
39.0
36.8
38.4

39.5
34.4
39.7
37.4
37.6
37.8

38.2
35.2
39.8
36.9
38.0
37.6

36.6
35.8
40.3
36.4
37.9
37.4

4.1
4.2
4.0
4.2

26.9
29.2
30.5
28.3
29.6




PER
2.8
2.3
2.8
3.3
3.0
3.6

EMPLOYEES
2.2
3.4
2.9
2.8
3.1

100

PER

100
.7
1.1
.9
1.0
1.3
1.2

EMPLOYEES
•9
1.4
1.0
1.0
1.0

PER 100
1.6
•4
1.1
1.8
.7
1.8

4.4
3.7
4.3
3.9
4.2
4.2

3.9
4.2
4.0
4.2
4.2

4 .1

30.8
26.6
31.4
28.9
29.0
29.1

29.7
27.4
31.4
28.5
29.2
28.7

28.3
28.0
31.8
28.1
29.3
28.6

4.0
4.2
3.9
4.2

EMPLOYEES

4.0
4.1
4.2
3.9
4.2
4.1

27.4
28.6
31.7
27.8
29.7
28.7

-

IN

34.1
36.6
40.0
36.3
38.5
37.2

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER 100
1.1
2.2
2.2
2.5
2.6
1.7

EMPLOYEES

35.5
36.5
40.3
36.2
38.6
37.4
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

100

3552

ALL
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER
1.6
2.7
2.8
3.1
3.1
2.5

-

IN

4.1
4.2
3.8
4.1
4.1
WORKERS
26.2
28.7
31.4
27.9
29.6
28.6

THOUSANDS

33.8
37.1
39.4
36.7
33.7

THOUSANDS

4.2
4.2
3.8
4.3

-

33.2
37.6
37.7
36.8
38.4

3.8
4.2
4.1
3.9
4.2

IN T H O U S A N D S
25.8
29.1
30.9
23.3
29.9

25.2
29.4
29.2
28.2
29.5

195

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

TEXTILE

Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

MACHINERY

-

SIC

F e b ru a ry

M a rc h

3552—

CONTINUED

A p r il

PRODUCTION-WORKER

Ju n e

M ay

AVERAGE

J u ly

WEEKLY

A ugust

EARNINGS

-

IN

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

Novem ber

D e ce m b e r

DOLLARS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

66.68
66.50
69.87
68.23
71.62

67.51
65.51
70.98
67.72
69.94

67.78
65.76
71.49
69.26
70.79

68.69
66.26
70.98
68.91
71.90

69.12
63.76
70.30
68.06
71.14

67.15
64.96
70.72
67.55
71.38

67.89
66.02
70.38
67.66
71.97

66.36
64.55
67.60
65.23
71.10

65.73
64.38
68.45
66.64
70.69

65.57
67.73
67.37
66.69
71.45

65.99
69.55
69.94
68.17
72.04

63.99
68.23
68.74
69.60
72.98

65.51
71.06
71.14
70.79
74.10

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

74.11
75.11
74.29
82.76
85.91

72.98
75.99
74.21
79.71
85.45

73.15
75.76
73.30
80.32
86.31

73.46
75.21
71.05
80.73
86.73

74.05
74.15
71.06
81.14
84.65

73.69
74.34
70.69
82.15
86.11

73.16
75.43
71.82
84.60
86.53

73.21
75.11
72.58
81.76
86.74

74.16
74.74
74.30
81.56
85.49

75.84
73.82
76.80
82.76
85.05

75.95
76.30
76.21
85.43
86.31

76.36
74.43
77.39
85.67
85.68

76.36
75.70
79.95
86.88
85.26

1961
1962
1963

88.58
93.04

85.24
91.76
91.30

86.50
90.67
89.79

85.46
93.50
90.89

86.90
92.20
89.35

87.94
93.70
92.16

89.62
95.22

89.16
92.77

89.62
93.04

91.12
95.22

89.60
92.38

90.71
91.52

92.21
93.70

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.58
1.63
1.70
1.71
1.73

1.57
1.59
1.69
1.71
1.71

1.58
1.60
1.69
1.71
1.71

1.59
1-62
1.69
1.71
1.72

1.60
1.61
1.69
1.71
1.71

1.58
1.62
1.70
1.71
1.72

1.59
1.63
1.70
1.70
1.73

1.58
1.63
1.69
1.69
1.73

1.58
1.61
1.69
1.70
1.72

1.58
1.64
1.71
1.71
1.73

1.59
1.68
1.71
1.70
1.74

1.58
1.66
1.71
1.71
1.75

1.59
1.68
1.71
1.71
1.76

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.79
1.85
1.90
1.98
2.07

1.75
1.84
1.86
1.93
2.0?

1.75
1.83
1.87
1.94
2.05

1.77
1.83
1.86
1.95
2.06

1.78
1.84
1.87
1.96
2.03

1.78
1.84
1.88
1.97
2.06

1.78
1.85
1.90
2.00
2.07

1.79
1.85
1.90
1.97
2.08

1.80
1.85
1.91
1.97
2.06

1.81
1.85
1.92
1.98
2.10

1.83
1.87
1.91
2.01
2.10

1.84
1.87
1.93
2.03
2.10

1.84
1.86
1.95
2.03
2.10

1961
196,7
1963

2.15
2.21

2.11
2.19
2.20

2.12
2.19
2.19

2.11
2.20
2.19

2.13
2.19
2.19

2.15
2.21
2.21

2.17
2.23

2.18
2.23

2.17
2.21

2.18
2.23

2.18
2.21

2.17
2.20

2.18
2.21

PROOUCTlON-WORKER

AVERAGE

PRODUCTION-WORKER

HOURLY

EARNINGS

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

-

IN

DOLLARS

HOURS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

42.2
40.8
41.1
39.9
41.4

43.0
41.2
42.0
39.6
40.9

42.9
41.1
42.3
40.5
41.4

43.2
40.9
42.0
40.3
41.8

43.2
39.6
41.6
39.8
41.6

42.5
40.1
41.6
39.5
41.5

42.7
40.5
41.4
39.8
41.6

42.0
39.6
40.0
38.6
41.1

41.6
40.3
40.5
39.2
41.1

41.5
41.3
39.4
39.0
41.3

41.5
41.4
40.9
40.1
41.4

40.5
41.1
40.2
40.7
41.7

41.2
42.3
41.6
41.4
42.1

1956
1957
1958
1959
I960

41.4
40.6
39.1
41.8
41.5

41.7
41.3
39.9
41.3
42.3

41.8
41.4
39.2
41.4
42.1

41.5
41.1
38.2
41.4
42.1

41.6
40.3
38.0
41.4
41.7

41.4
40.4
37.6
41.7
41.8

41.1
40.8
37.8
42.3
41.8

40.9
40.6
38.2
41.5
41.7

41.2
40.4
38.9
41.4
41.5

41.9
39.9
40.0
41.8
40.5

41.5
40.8
39.9
42.5
41.1

41.5
39.8
40.1
42.2
40.8

41.5
40.7
41.0
42.8
40.6

1961
1962
1963

41.2
42.1

40.4
41.9
41.5

40.8
41.4
41.0

40.5
42.5
41.5

40.8
42.1
40.8

40.9
42.4
41.7

41.3
42.7

40.9
41.6

41.3
42.1

41.8
42.7

41. 1
41.8

41.8
41.6

42.3
42.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
3.4
2.1
2.1
2.3

1.3
3.8
2.8
1.9
2.6
1.6

.8
3.8
3.2
1.3
3.0
1.8

1.2
3.4
3.1
1.5
2.9
1.8

EMPLOYEES
2.0
1.4
2.7
4.0
2.8
1.5
2.6
2.4
2.3
2.3

2.9
3.9
1.9
2.3
2.6

3.4
4.3
1.8
2.6
2.4

2.9
3.5
1.7
2.7
2.0

2.6
2.6
1.5
2.6
1.6

2.8
2.1
1 .1
1.4
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•8
2.6
1.7
1.4
1.7

.7
2.7
2.4
.9
1.9
1.2

.4
1.9
2.7
•8
2.3
1.3

.5
2.3
2.7
.9
2.2
1.4

EMPLOYEES
.5
•8
3.4
2.3
l.l
2.3
1.7
1.2
1.7
1.8

1.1
3.4
1.4
1.7
1.9

1.4
3.7
1.5
2.1
1.9

1.1
3.2
1.3
2.1
1.6

1.1
2.2
1.0
1.6
1.2

1.6
1.8
•6
1.1
•8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.6
2.1
2.4
2.5
2.4

4.5
1.8
2.3
3.9
2.3
3.6

4.2
1.5
2.0
2.4
1.8
2.1

5.3
1.8
1.9
3.0
2.2
2.4

SEPARATIONS
6.0
2.2
2.7
2.1
2.8
2.5

EMPLOYEES
2.4
2.2
1.7
2.2
2.3
2.0
1.8
2.5
1.8
2.4

3.5
2.4
2.6
2.3
3.0

2.6
2.8
2.9
2.6
2.2

2.9
2.4
1.8
3.1
2.4

4.0
1.6
2.3
2.3
3.8

2.0
2.3
2.8
1.7
1.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.2
l.l
.8
1.1

•6
.9
1.1
.6
.9
.8

.4
.7
1.0
•5
•9
.7

.6
.9
1.0
.7
1.1
.9

QUITS
.5
1.1
1.4
.7
1.2
1.0

.7
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.6

1.1
2.0
1.8
1.4
1.4

.8
1.5
.9
1.0
l.l

.6
.9
.7
.9
.9

.5
.9
•6
.8
.5

PER
2.0
3.1
2.1
2.3
1.9
2.4

NEW




ACCESSIONS
1.3
3.0
2.1
2.0
2.4
2.0

PER
.4
2.3
1.8
1.4
1.5
1.8

HIRES
•4
2.3
1.8
1.0
2.0
1.4

100

100

PER
3.9
2.0
2.8
1.8
2.2
2.1

PER

100
.6
1.3
1.3
.6
1.0
1.0

100

EMPLOYEES
.5
.9
1.0
.7
1.0

•6
1.4
.9
.8
1.0

196

Year

TEXTILE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

GENERAL

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

J a n u a ry

MACHINERY

-

2.7
•A
.9
1.2
.8

SIC

3.5
•4
.7
2.8
•8
2.3

INDUSTRIAL

F e b ru a ry

M a rch

3552—

CONTINUED

3.4
.5
.5
1.6
.4
1.0

MACHINERY

-

A p r il

4.4
.5
.4
2.0
.5
.9

SIC

LAYOFFS
5.2
•6
•8
1.1
1.1
1.0

203.6
221.0
226.7
217.2
227.6

222.3
209.9
229.7
215.2
223.8
229.7

216.5
211.1
233.3
213.2
219.4
228.6

211.7
213.6
232.8
212.7
225.5
229.3

EMPLOYEES

204.5
218.0
230.9
212.5
226.7
229*5
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

36.2
36.4
34.4
35.5

35.8
34.6
37.7
34.6
35.2
35.4

35.0
37.9
34.0
34.0
35.2

35.4
37.5
33.6
35.2
35.6

145.9
149.4
164.0
142.8
152.8
153.3

139.1
155.2
157.2
146.6
153.8

155.0
145.8
161.7
145.1
151.5
154.3

149.7
146.7
165.2
143.3
147.8
153.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

91.57
102.01
101.71
105.04
110.83

89.77
98.09
102.82
99.96
108.65
110.43

88.62
99.39
102.82
101.12
109.20
110.70

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.33
2.47
2.53
2.60
2.69

2.29
2.41
2.52
2.55
2.65
2.70

2.29
2.43
2.52
2.56
2.67
2.72

89.47
100.53
103.07
101.77
109.08
110.98

2.30
2.44
2.52
2.57
2.68
2.72

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

2.5
.3
1.0
.6
.7

1.2
.2
.6
.6
.3

1.9
.5
.6
1.6
.7

3.0
.2
1.3
1.0
2.4

1.2
.9
1.8
.4
.7

195.7
227.1
225.6
218.4
230.0

200.1
225.5
224.6
217.7
230.3

193.2
224.9
222.6
220.2
230.7

203.6
224.8
219.2
220.3
230.0

206.0
228.2
216.7
223.2
227.9

36.7
36.0
34.8
35.4

36.9
35.7
34.3
36.0

31.0
36.9
35.5
34.6
35.8

36.8
34.9
34.6
35.9

37.1
35.0
34.9
35.2

132.3
159.4
155.4
147.2
155.5

136.5
159.0
154.5
146.9
155.7

130.0
158.5
152.8
149.2
155.8

140.1
157.7
149.1
149.2
155.1

142.5
160.7
146.7
151.4
152.5

92.75
103.34
101.75
108.09
111.38

97.61
102.09
100.98
108.77
111.52

98.74
105.08
98.56
110.51
112.06

39.3
41.3
40.2
40.4
41.2

39.2
40.7
40.8
39.2
41.0
40.9

38.7
40.9
40.8
39.5
40.9
40.7

38.9
41.2
40.9
39.6
40.7
40.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.3
2.8
2.1
2.0
2.8

1.1
2.0
2.5
1.2
2.7
2.2

1 .0
2.5
2.7
1.4
2.8
2.3

•8
2.6
2.6
1.4
2.8
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.2
3.3
2.4
2.4
2.4

1.4
3.6
2.9
2.2
2.7
2.1

1.2
3.4
2.6
1.8
2.5
1.9

1.7
3.3
2.2
2.3
2.5
1.8

THOUSANDS

- IN
-

-

134.9
157.8
159.4
147.8
156.2

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

38.8
41.4
40.3
40.0
41.6
40.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER

HOURLY

127.2
156.7
155.7
148.3
154.7

EARNINGS

EARNINGS

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

-

WEEKLY

DOLLARS
93.30
102.67
101.09
104.40
110.97

DOLLARS
2.33
2.47
2.53
2.60
2.69

2.35
2.48
2.54
2.61
2.70

2.36
2.49
2.55
2.63
2.71

2.41
2.49
2.55
2.64
2.72

2.42
2.52
2.56
2.65
2.72

39.0
41.4
40.2
40.5
41.2

39.7
41.4
39.8
40.0
41.1

39.3
41.5
39.9
41. 1
41. 1

40.5
41.0
39.6
41.2
41.0

4^.8
41.7
36.5
41.7
41.2

1.8

2.4

1.8
2.6
2.7

2.3
2.7
1.5
2.6
2.5

2.9
2.5
1.9
2.4

2.6
3.2
1.5
2.2

2.9
2.3

2 .0

1 .6

HOURS

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

100

IN

2.32
2.47
2.52
2.60
2.69

38.9
41.1
40.1
40.2
41.3

1.1
3.3
2.0
2.2
3.1

IN

90.87
102.26
101.71
105.30
110.83

39.4
42.0
40.7
40.9
41.8

•8
3.0
2.2
1.8
2.9
2.4
PER
1.5
3.3
2.4
3.0
2.6
2.3

-

90.25
101.52
101.05
104.52
111.10

2.32
2.48
2.52
2.60
2.69

38.7
41.5
40.6
40.4
41.6
41.1

ACCESSIONS
1.4
3.7
2.0
2.7
2.5
2.2

THOUSANDS

91.41
104.16
102.56
106.34
112.44

2.30
2.46
2.52
2.59
2.68
2.74

.7
2.7
2.2
1.4
2.9
2.0

IN

WEEKLY

89.01
102.09
102.31
104.64
111.49
112.61

2.30
2.44
2.50
2.57
2.68
2.72

30.5
36.5
36.2
34.7
35.8

36.5
36.4
34.4
36.2

135.9
156.9
159.8
145.1
153.9
152.8

89.24
101.02
100.75
102.80
111.49
110.16

190.9
223.3
226.3
219.3
229.2

THOUSANDS

WORKERS

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

IN

36.4
36.6
34.0
35.7
35.7

139.6
153.5
161.9
142.6
153.8
153.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER




EMPLOYEES
1.3
1.4
•2
•4
.7
.7
.7
1.4
.4
.9

198.5
223.8
229.4
218.6
230.3

EMPLOYEES

33.0
35.9
37.2
33.8
35.6
35.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER

-

199.9
221.7
228.9
215.2
227.1
229.2

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER 100
2.8
.3
1.1
.7
.8
.6

A ugust

356

ALL
1958
1959
1960
19$1
1962
1963

J u ly

Ju n e

M ay

HOURS

1.1
2.8
1.9
1.9
3.0

1.2
3.1
2.0
2.2
2.7

1.6
3.0
1.8
2.2
2.6

EMPLOYEES
1.9
2.8
4.4
3.1
3.3
2.6
3.3
2.2
2.4
3.4

2.7
3.6
3.0
2.2
2.4

3.0
3.3
2.2
2.3
2.6

3.0

3.0
1.6

3.0
2 .6

1 .6
1.7
1.3

197

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

GENERAL

Annual
A v e ra g e

Ja n u a ry

INDUSTRIAL

F e b ru a ry

MACHINERY

M a rch

-

SIC

.9
2.1
1.4
1.2
1.6

•6
1.7
1.9
.9
1.8
1.4

.5
1.9
1.7
.8
1.8
1.2

2.9
2.5
3.1
2.3
2.2

4.4
2.2
2.1
3.6
2.3
2.2

3.0
2.0
2.4
2.8
1.9
2.0

3.8
2.2
2.9
2.6
2.2
2.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.0
.9
.7
.9

•6
.7
.9
.6
.7
.7

.5
.7
•8
.5
.8
.6

•6
.9
.9
.6
.8
.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
1.0
1.7
1.1
.9

3.4
1.0
.7
2.5
•8
1.0

2.1
.9
1.1
1.9
.6
.9

HIRES
.5
2.5
1.4
1.1
1.6
1.4

.7
2.0
1.6
.9
1.7
1.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.8
•8
1.5
1.6
.9
1.1

PUMPS;

air

AND

gas

COMPRESSORS

-

SIC

58.7
59.9
61.7
61.0
62.8

63.6
59.1
59.4
60.4
61.6
63.0

62.5
58.3
62.4
60.1
61.7
63.3

QUITS
.5
1.0
1.0
.6
.9
.7

7.3
7.4
7.3
7.5

35.4
36.5
37.5
35.8
36.6

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

PER
3.6
2.3
3.1
1.8
1.9
2.2

EMPLOYEES
1.1
.7
3.3
2.2
1.2
2.2
1.8
1.1
1.6
2.6

.9
2.3
1.4
1.3
1.7

1.1
2.4
1.2
1.5
1.6

1.2
1.8

EMPLOYEES
3.0
2.7
2.5
2.3
3.3
3.0
1.8
2.0
2.0
2.3

2.8
3.1
4.2
2.4
2.9

.5
1.0
.9
•6
•8

EMPLOYEES
1.9
1.8
.9
.7
2.0
1.5
•8
•8
.8
.8

100

100
.5
l.l
.9
•6
1.0
.8

EMPLOYEES
.7
1.0
1.0
.7
1.0

PER 100
2.7
.7
1.6
•8
.5
.9

1.7
1.5

1.1
1.5
.7
1.3
1.2

1.3
1.3
.6
1.2
•8

2.9
3.7
3.8
3.0
3.2

2.4
3.2
3.3
2.2
2.1

1.7
2.4
3.3
1.8
2.4

1.4
1.8
2.7
1.7
1.7

•8
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4

1.1
1.9
1.6
1.4
1.4

.7
1.0
.7
.8
•8

•6
.9
.5
.7
.7

.5
.7
.5
.6
.5

1.6
1.2
2.5
.9
.9

1.5
1.3
1.7
1.0
1.3

1.3
1.6
2.1
.8
.9

•8
1.0
2.4
.6
1.3

•6
.7
1.8
•6
•8

56.9
63.0
62.6
61.9
63.6

56.7
59.2
62.3
61.5
62.6

57.2
59.1
61.5
61.5
63*6

57.7
59.0
60.5
60.6
6S.4

58.3
59.4
60.3
61.5
63.4

7.5
7.5
7.5
7.3

7.2
7.4
7.4
7.5

7.3
7.2
7.3
7.3
7.6

7.2
7.4
7.3
7.5

7.2
7.4
7.4
7.5

33.8
38.5
38.0
36.3
37.2

33.7
36.2
37.7
36.0
36.2

34.2
36.1
37.0
35.9
37.0

34.7
35.9
35.8
35.0
36.8

35.3
36.0
35.7
35.7
36.9

1 .0

3561

60.8
59.1
62.0
60.4
62.1
63.6

EMPLOYEES

59.0
60.0
62.1
60.0
62.6
63.8

7.8
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.4
7.4

7.1
7.3
7.2
7.4
7.4

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.5
7.5

39.6
35.8
36.0
35.8
35.6
36.7

38.4
35.3
38.8
35.4
35.8
36.8

37.3
35.9
38.3
35.6
36.1
36.9

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

IN

-

IN

7.3
7.3
7.3
7.5
7.5

AVERAGE

-

IN

7.4
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.6

THOUSANDS

34.3
36.6
38.5
36.2
36.9

WEEKLY

56.6
61.0
62.4
61.8
63.3

THOUSANDS

7.3
7.4
7.4
7.5

WORKERS
34.7
37.8
38.3
35.5
36.8
36.5

THOUSANDS

57.4
60.3
63.0
61.5
63.2

EMPLOYEES

7.6
7.2
7.2
7.3
7.5
7.6

35.8
36.7
38.3
35.2
36.5
36.9

-

57.8
61.1
62.2
60.5
62.8
63.5

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

100

PER

LAYOFFS
2.6
•6
1.6
1.0
.6
1.0

FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

PER
.6
2.3
1.4
1.2
1.8
1.5

SEPARATIONS
3.4
2.1
3.0
2.0
2.0
2.2

ALL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

August

CONTINUED

NEW
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

J u ly

June

M ay

A p r il

356—

33.3
36.9
37.7
36.4
37.0

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

76.71
78.48
81.79
78.99
84.25

72.60
78.94
80.97
80.36
79.59

74.87
79.57
81.03
80.36
80.79

75.48
78.50
83.28
78.18
79.97

76.78
77.53
82.51
77.99
82.81

77.85
78.32
82.37
76.44
85.46

77.68
78.30
82.18
77.41
85.26

74.99
75.29
80.64
77.61
80.39

76.54
75.40
80.67
78.80
81.99

79.10
77.58
84.71
79.99
86.11

77.00
78.92
83.10
80.19
88.83

78.85
79.49
81.32
78.20
88.41

80.00
81.91
80.70
79.79
88.41

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

90.10
89.98
90.00
100.32
101.76

89.03
90.91
87.36
96.05
99.55

90.52
92.21
86.46
98.53
100.04

90.73
90.69
87.08
98.29
102.58

90.31
88.97
87.91
97.88
101.92

89.46
90.89
88.14
99.19
103.74

90.10
90.17
90.06
99.36
104.23

87.13
89.32
89.08
98.64
101.35

88.40
88.66
90.00
102.77
103.58

91.37
92.51
91.01
101.28
101.18

91.58
90.50
92.50
104.00
101.59

91.15
88.09
93.13
101.16
101.34

92.44
89.60
95.82
103.94
99.40

1961
1962
1963

103.63
108.62

99.00
105.01
108.65

101.15
104.38
108.94

102.21
108.32
108.94

102.41
108.05
108.53

103.73
108.58
111.22

104.49
110.20

102.97
109.15

104.55
109.71

105.47
108.36

104.45
110.12

105.63
109.86

107.49
109.33




198

Year

PUMPS;

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D E A R N IN G S STATISTICS-UN ITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

AIR

AND

Ja n u a ry

GAS

F e b ru a ry

COMPRESSORS

A p r il

M a rc h

-

SIC

3561—

Ju n e

M ay

August

J u ly

O c t o b e r*

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

CONTINUED

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

HOURLY

EARNINGS

-

IN

DOLLARS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.72
1.80
1.92
1.96
2.03

1.65
1.77
1.87
1.96
1.97

1.69
1.78
1.88
1.96
1.99

1.70
1.78
1.91
1.94
1.96

1.71
1.77
1.91
1.94
2.01

1.73
1.78
1.92
1.94
2.03

1.73
1.80
1.92
1.94
2.03

1.72
1.78
1.92
1.95
1.98

1.T2
1.77
1.93
1.97
1.99

1.75
1.80
1.97
1.98
2.06

1.75
1.81
1.96
1.98
2.10

1.76
1.84
1.95
1.96
2.09

1.77
1.87
1.94
1.97
2.09

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.13
2.20
2.29
2.40
2.47

2.09
2.18
2.24
2.36
2.44

2.11
2.18
2.24
2.38
2.44

2.11
2.18
2.25
2.38
2.46

2.11
2.17
2.26
2.37
2.45

2.11
2.19
2.26
2.39
2.47

2.12
2.21
2.28
2.40
2.47

2.12
2.20
2.29
2.40
2.46

2.13
2.20
2.29
2.39
2.49

2.16
2.24
2.31
2.40
2.48

2.16
2.24
2.33
2.43
2.49

2.16
2.23
2.34
2.42
2.49

2.17
2.24
2.36
2.44
2.51

1961
1962
1963

2.54
2.63

2.50
2.58
2.65

2.51
2.59
2.67

2.53
2.61
2.67

2.51
2.61
2.66

2.53
2.61
2.68

2.53
2.63

2.53
2.63

2.55
2.65

2.56
2.63

2.56
2.66

2.57
2.66

2.59
2.66

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

44.6
43.6
42.6
40.3
41.5

44.0
44.6
43.3
41.0
40.4

44.3
44.7
43.1
41.0
40.6

44.4
44.1
43.6
40.3
40.8

44.9
43.8
43.2
40.2
41.2

45.0
44.0
42.9
39.4
42.1

44.9
43.5
42.8
39.9
42.0

43.6
42.3
42.0
39.8
40.6

44.5
42.6
41.8
40.0
41.2

45.2
43.1
43.0
40.4
41.8

44.0
43.6
42.4
40.5
42.3

44.8
43.2
41.7
39.9
42.3

45.2
43.8
41.6
40.5
42.3

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

42.3
40.9
39.3
41.8
41.2

42.6
41.7
39.0
40.7
40.8

42.9
42.3
38.6
41.4
41.0

43.0
41.6
38.7
41.3
41.7

42.8
41.0
38.9
41.3
41.6

42.4
41.5
39.0
41.5
42.0

42.5
40.8
39.5
41.4
42.2

41.1
40.6
38.9
41.1
41.2

41.5
40.3
39.3
43.0
41.6

42.3
41.3
39.4
42.2
40.8

42.4
40.4
39.7
42.8
•40.8

42.2
39.5
39.8
41.8
40.7

42.6
40.0
40.6
*2.6
3v.6

1961
1962
1963

40.8
41.3

39.6
40.7
41.0

40.3
40.3
40.8

40.4
41.5
40.8

40.8
41.4
40.8

41.0
41.6
41.5

41.3
41.9

40.7
41.5

41.0
41.4

41.2
41.2

40.8
41.4

41.1
41.3

41.5
41.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.9
2.1
2.2
2.3

1.4
2.7
2.2
2.0
2.3
2.1

1.1
3.0
2.2
2.2
2.3
1.9

1.3
3.4
2.1
2.3
2.7
2.2

EMPLOYEES
2.4
1.5
4.0
2.8
2.0
3.2
2.1
2.8
3.1
2.4

2.3
2.9
2.3
2.0
2.5

2.7
2.9
1.9
2.4
1.9

2.5
2.7
1.8
2.5
1.9

2.5
2.4
1.5
1.8
1.7

2.4
1.3
2.0
1.4
1.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
2.2
1.5
1.3
1.7

.7
1.9
1.6
1.0
1.6
1.6

•6
2.2
1.7
.9
1.6
1.2

.7
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.9
1.3

EMPLOYEES
1.4
.9
2.3
3.3
2.4
1.4
1.9
1.4
1.9
2.5

1.2
2.3
1.7
1.4
1.8

1.3
2.5
1.4
1.7
1.5

1.3
2.1
1.2
1.8
1.5

1.4
1.9
.9
1.3
1.4

1.5
1.2
.5
.9
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.7
2.3
2.8
2.3
2.1

3.2
2.5
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.3

3.0
2.0
2.4
2.7
1.9
1.6

3.4
1.8
2.6
2.7
2.6
2.5

EMPLOYEES
2.6
2.2
2.0
2.1
2.5
3.0
1.8
1.7
2.1
1.5

2.6
2.5
3.1
2.6
3.2

3.1
3.5
3.6
3.1
3.2

2.0
2.9
3.7
2.7
2.0

1.7
2.2
3.0
2.1
2.1

1.3
1.4
1.9
1.7
1.4

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

.7
1.2
1.0
•8

.8
.9

.6
.7
*8
•6
.8
.7

.9
1.7
1.3
1.0
1.6

1.3
2.1
1.7
1.6
1.6

•8
1.2
.9
.9
.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
.5
1.3
.9
•6

1.3
.3
1.3
l . l

1.4
.7
1.2
.9

1.0

1 .0

1 .0

1 .0

•6
.7
•8




2.0
1 .0

•6
1.1
•6
.9

2.0
.7
1.1
1.7
.5
.5

.5
.9
.7
1.0
.9

2.4
.2

1.2
1.3
.9
1.1

PER
1.2
3.1
2.5
2.2
2.7
2.2

NEW

1 .0

ACCESSIONS
1.0
3.5
2.0
2.1
2.5
2.4

PER
.5
2.3
1.6
1.3
1.9
1.7

HIRES
.5
2.6
1.6
1.2
1.7
1.6

SEPARATIONS
3.5
2.0
3.1
2.2
1.9
2.3
QUITS
.5
1.3
1.2
.7
1 .0

•8
LAYOFFS
2.6
.2
1.3
1.0
.4
1 .0

100

100

PER
3.2
2.3
2.8
1.7
1.8
2.2

100

PER

100
.5
1.3
1.0
•6
1.0
.9

PER 100
2.4
•4
1.1
.6
.3
.8

EMPLOYEES
.7
1.2
l . l

•9
1.1

.6
1.1
.9
•6
.8

EMPLOYEES
1.4
1.1
.4
.3
1.4
•3
.7
.4
.5
.3

.7
1 .0

•6
.7
.7

.8

.6

1.2
2.3
1.2
•6

.7
2 .0

.7
.9

.6
.7
.5
.7

•6

.3
.3
1.0
•6
.4

139

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A v e ra g e

Year

BALL

AND

ROLLER

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

BEARINGS

-

SIC

M a rch

A p r il

43.7
52.4
51.8
47.8
50.3

49.3
48.2
55.2
47.4
50.0
50.0

47.2
49.3
55.3
46.7
44.8
49.5

13.5
13.0
11.8
11.9

12.5
12.5
13.8
11.9
12.0
11.6

12.8
13.9
11.7
10.7
11.5

Ju n e

45.3
50.0
54.9
46.4
49.9
49.9

EMPLOYEES

13.0
13.8
11.6
11.8
11.7

J u ly

IN

August

!

S e p te m b e r ,

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b er

THOUSANDS

42.0
53.5
51.8
47.9
52.1

EMPLOYEES

10.6
13.4
13.5
11.6
12.2
11.8

-

IN

13.6
13.1
11.7
12.2
11.7

PRODUCTION
35.6
40.8
44.8
36.4
39.7
38.8

-

41.9
52.5
52.6
47.0
51.2
50.0

43. A
51.2
53.8
46.4
51.1
50.1
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

M ay

3562
ALL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

|

-

43.7
55.4
50.3
48.2
52.3

38. 8
54.4
49.7
48.6
51.0

45.9
53.6
48.5
48.8
50.7

47.2
54.6
47.6
49.7
40.2

13.7
12.7
12.0
12.0

14.1
12.7
11.7
12.4

9.5
13.9
12.6
11.8
11.9

13.7
12.2
11.8
11.9

13.7
12.0
11.9
11.2

33.3
44.0
40.6
38.2
40.8

34.7
45.2
40.1
38.3
42.1

29.9
44.5
39.6
38.7
40.6

37.0
43.6
38.3
38.9
40.3

33.3
44. 6
37.5
39.6
37.1

THOUSANDS

13.8
12.9
11.7
12.4

WORKERS

42.3
53.9
50.8
48.0
51.3

37.3
52.7
51.2
48.1
51.3

IN

9.3
13.6
12.8
11.8
12.1

THOUSANDS

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

34.4
42.8
41.7
37.8
40.0

39.3
39.2
45.0
37.3
39.8
38.8

37.4
39.9
45.2
36.7
35.2
38.4

1947
1948
1949
1950

53. 14
56.91
57.72
68.74

52.62
54.99
60.48
62.01

51.96
54.83
58.32
63.15

50.61
54.25
57.62
67.15

51.81
55.70
54.80
67.04

53.21
55.96
55.24
63.64

53.47
57.41
55.24
63.57

52.9m
53.88
51.87
65.48

52.13
58.21
57.63
70.81

5 3 . 33
57.50
58.78
71.55

54.21
59.10
59.61
72.62

55.44
60.03
61.81
75.10

56.51
61.11
60.56
77.45

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

76.91
74.70
77.87
76.44
91.10

78.30
78.66
78.12
77.61
83.20

73.53
76.97
79.34
76.04
85.22

78.05
76.86
80.33
75.26
86.88

77.26
73.87
79.52
73.92
89.35

76.73
73.28
76.67
74.68
91.88

78.14
72.39
78.28
75.65
89.59

76.29
70.47
77.11
74.88
91.73

77.70
69.78
78.21
75.65
91.14

76.38
73.53
77.74
75.86
94.76

77.17
72.25
76.40
77.62
92.86

75.23
76.59
76.22
78.80
97.61

76.7?
79.42
78.76
80.78
98.06

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

89.24
89.42
91.41
103.34
98.55

92.87
92.16
87.91
100.60
104.04

92.23
91.49
88.53
99.72
104.60

87.36
91.69
89.03
104.16
101.60

89.04
87.60
88.62
104.98
96.77

85.07
88.62
88.78
105.58
97.78

85.67
88.75
90.62
107.00
97.52

85.24
89.82
86.71
101.43
97.02

84.63
88.98
89.24
104.08
97.41

89.86
89.55
93.03
103.16
97.54

92.62
89.04
87.93
103.41
96.90

93.04
88.24
102.90
103.07
97.16

94. 57
83.37
101.43
104.14
92.01

1961
1962
1963

104.94
113.85

97.92
115.33
lll.H

99.33
116.62
111.38

99.33
108.03
112.61

101.01
116.33
110.68

101.66
116.88
112.19

104.94
114.26

102.97
113.85

105.60
113.16

102.43
114.54

113.79
112.75

112.44
113.85

115.72
111.5?

34.0
41.9
43.6
36.6
40.9
38.9

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

32.7
43.0
42.5
37.1
41.1
38.9
AVERAGE

AVERAGE

32.9
43.9
41.7
38.0
41.8

WEEKLY

HOURLY

28.1
43.0
41.0
38.3
41.0

EARNINGS

-

EARNINGS

-

IN

IN

DOLLARS

DOLLARS

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.322
1.430
1.503
1.606

1.268
1.368
1.512
1.535

1.258
1.364
1.503
1.544

1.259
1.363
1.489
1.569

1.273
1.372
1.481
1.570

1.337
1.375
1.485
1.541

1.340
1.428
1.489
1.562

1.345
1.464
1.482
1.574

1.354
1.470
1.497
1.613

1.357
1.482
1.515
1.641

1.362
1.485
1.509
1.643

1.369
1.497
1.530
1.680

1.375
1.509
1.545
1.721

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.76
1.80
1.89
1.94
2.08

1.74
1.80
1.86
1.95
2.00

1.71
1.79
1.88
1.93
2.01

1.75
1.80
1.89
1.92
2.03

1.74
1.78
1.88
1.91
2.04

1.74
1.77
1.87
1.91
2.06

1.78
1.77
1.90
1.92
2.05

1.77
1.74
1.89
1.93
2.08

1.77
1.78
1.88
1.92
2.10

1.76
1.82
1.91
1.95
2.12

1.77
1.82
1.91
1.97
2.12

1.77
1.85
1.92
1.97
2.15

1.78
1.86
1.94
1.98
2.16

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.14
2.23
2.32
2.49
2.54

2.13
2.21
2.26
2.43
2.55

2.14
2.21
2.27
2.45
2.57

2.09
2.22
2.29
2.48
2.54

2.12
2.19
2.29
2.47
2.52

2.08
2.21
2.30
2.49
2.52

2.11
2.23
2.30
2.50
2.52

2.11
2.24
2.27
2.48
2.52

2.10
2.23
2.30
2.52
2.53

2.16
2.25
2.32
2.51
2.56

2.20
2.26
2.32
2.51
2.55

2.21
2.28
2.45
2.52
2.55

2.22
2.26
2.45
2.54
2.57

1961
1962
1963

2.63
2.75

2.57
2.72
2.71

2.58
2.77
2.75

2.58
2.77
2.76

2.59
2.75
2.76

2.60
2.75
2.77

2.63
2.74

2.62
2.75

2.64
2.74

2.64
2.78

2.69
2.75

2.69
2.77

2.71
2.72

1947
1948
1949
1950

40.2
39.8
38.4
42.8

41.5
40.2
40.0
40.4

41.3
40.2
38.8
40.9

40.2
39.8
38.7
42.8

40.7
40.6
37.0
42.7

39.8
40.7
37.2
41.3

39.9
40.2
37.1
40.7

39.4
36.8
35.0
41.6

38.5
39.6
38.5
43.9

39.3
38.8
38.8
43.6

39.8
39.8
39.5
44.2

40.5
40.1
40.4
44.7

41.1
40.5
39.2
45.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

43.7
41.5
41.2
39.4
43.8

45.0
43.7
42.0
39.8
41.6

43.0
43.0
42.2
39.4
42.6

44.6
42.7
42.5
39.2
42.8

44.4
41.5
42.3
38.7
43.R

44.1
41.4
41.0
39.1
44.6

43.9
40.9
41.2
39.4
43.7

43.1
40.5
40.8
38.8
44.1

43.9
39.2
41.6
39.4
43.4

43.4
40.4
40.7
38.9
44.7

43.6
39.7
♦0.0
39.4
43.8

42.5
41.4
39.7
40.0
45.4

43.1
42.7
40.6
40.8
45.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER




AVERAGE

WEEKLY

HOURS

200

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

Year

BALL

AND R O LLER

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

BEARINGS -

SI C

M a rch

3562—

A p r il

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

A ugust

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

CONTINUED

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE WEEKLY

HOURS—

CONTINUED

1956
1957
1958
1 959
1960

41.7
40.1
39.4
41.5
38.8

43.6
41.7
38.9
41.4
40.8

43.1
41.4
39.0
40.7
40.7

41.8
41.3
38.9
42.0
40.0

42.0
40.0
38.1
42.5
38.4

40.9
40.1
38.6
42.4
38.8

40.6
39.8
39.4
42.8
38.7

40.4
40.1
38.2
40.9
38.5

40.3
39.9
38.8
41.3
38.5

41.6
39.8
40.1
41.1
38.1

42.1
39.4
37.9
41.2
38.0

42.1
38.7
42.0
40.9
38.1

42.6
3 9 .1
41.4
41.0
35.8

1961
196 2
1963

39.9
41.4

38 . 1
42.4
41.0

38.5
42.1
40.5

38.5
39.0
40.8

39.0
42.3
40.1

39.1
42.5
40.5

39.9
41.7

39.3
41.4

40.0
41.3

38.8
41.2

42.3
41.0

41.8
41.1

42.7
41.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
196 3

2.4
3.7
2.2
2. 2
1. 9

.9
3.6
2.9
1. 9
2.5
1.2

.8
3.8
2.4
1.1
2.0
1.3

1. 8
3.7
1.3
1.8
2.0
1.6

A CCESSIONS PER
1. 0
1.3
3.6
3.3
1.4
2.1
3.0
4.0
2.3
2.0
1.9
1.9

100 E M P L O Y E E S
3.2
2.7
4.4
3.3
3.1
2.8
2.5
3.2
2.9
2*0

3.3
4. 1
3.5
1.8
1.4

3. 6
3.2
2. 3
2.0
2.2

2.9
2.4
1.5
1.9
1.4

2.8
6.2
1.6
1. 6
1.1

3.9
2.3
1.3
1.8
1.2

1958
1959
1 960
1961
196 2
1 963

.5
1.7
.6
.6
1.0

•2
1.2
1. 4
.3
1.1
.6

.3
1.5
1.2
.3
1.1
•4

•3
1.7
.6
•2
1.0
.5

NEW HIRES
.2
2.0
.4
.3
1.2
.8

EMPLOYEES
.4
.5
3.0
1.9
.9
.4
.5
1.1
1.8
1.1

.3
1.8
•6
.7
.7

.5
1.8
.4
•8
.8

.9
1.3
.4
1.1
.7

.7
.9
.3
.7
.6

1.0
.7
•2
.8
.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

2.7
2.1
3.2
2.0
1.8

6.5
1.6
1.8
4.9
1.5
1.5

3.9
1.3
2. 2
2.7
1. 4
2.0

4.0
1.3
3.0
2.2
1.5
1.7

SEPARATIONS
2.6
1.3
2. 9
1.7
1.5
1.8

100 E M P L O Y E E S
2. 7
2.2
1.8
2.4
2.6
3.0
1.7
.9
1.9
1.7

2.5
3.2
4.8
2.4
2.2

1.7
3.4
3.7
2.4
2.8

1.2
4.0
3. 4
1.6
1.6

.9
2. 3
3. 9
1. 4
2.2

1.2
1.4
2.6
1.0
1.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

.5
.7
.6
.5
.6

.6
•4
.7
•4
.5
.5

.5
.4
.6
.3
•6
.4

•6
.4
.5
.4
.5
.5

•4
.8
.5
.4
.5

.6
.9
.8
•6
1.0

.7
1.3
l.l
.9
1.0

.5
.7
.4
.5
.5

.3
.5
•4
.5
•4

.3
.5
.3
•4
.3

195 8
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

2.0
1.1
2.2
1.2
•8

5.5
.6
•8
4.2
•6
.7

3.1
•6
1.4
2.0
.4
1.3

3.0
.6
2.1
1.4
.7
.9

P E R : 00 E M P L O Y E E S
1
2.5
1.9
1.5
.5
.7
1.2
3.1
1.6
2. 1
.5
•8
.2
•9
.4
.9
•8

1.6
1.9
3. 6
1.4
.7

.6
1.8
2. 2
1.0
1.5

.4
2.8
2.7
.7
.8

.4
1.6
3. 3
.5
1.5

.6
.7
2.0
.3
.9

40.1
45.8
45.3
41.9
45.0

40.6
47.3
45.2
41.4
44.4

38.4
47.1
44.6
43.0
44.4

41.5
46.2
44.2
43.4
44.7

41.7
47.5
43.3
44.0
44.8

6.1
5.9
5.6
6.0

6.4
5.9
5.5
5.8

5.3
6.2
5.9
5.6
5.9

6.1
5.7
5.6
6.0

6.3
5.7
5.7
6.0

29.0
34.2
33.4
30.5
33.0

29.6
35.5
33.3
30.0
32.4

27.5
35.2
32.9
31.5
32.7

30.5
34.2
32.5
32.0
32.9

30 .7
35.6
31.6
32.6
33.1

MECHANICAL

POWER TRANSMISSION GOODS

QUITS PER
.2
•6
.7
•3
•6
.5
LAYOFFS
2.3
•4
1.8
.9
•6
1.1

- SIC

P E R 100
•3
2. 1
•4
.3
1.3
.8
PER
3.1
1.6
4.3
1.2
1. 3
1.7

10 0 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
.3
.7
.7
•6
.7
.3
.5
•6
.7
•6

3566

ALL EMPLOYEES
1 958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

41.5
45.4
46.1
42.3
44.7

45.8
42.6
47.9
42.6
44.1
45.1

44.4
43.5
48.4
42.0
44.4
44.9

43.7
44.0
48.1
41.6
44.6
45.1

41.5
44.7
47.4
41.3
44.7
45.5
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

6.1
6.1
5.5
5. 9

6.2
5.8
6.5
5.6
5.7
5.8

5.8
6.5
5.5
5.8
5.8

5.9
6.5
5.2
5.8
5.8

30.2
34.0
34. 2
31.0
33.0




33.7
31.6
35.9
31.0
32.6
33.3

32.5
32.4
36.5
30.6
33.0
33.3

31.9
33.1
36.0
30.3
33.1
33.4

EMPLOYEES

5.6
5. 9
6. 4
5.2
5.8
5.8

29.9
33.7
35.4
30 . 1
33.3
33.7

IN T H O U S A N D S

40.8
45.4
46.7
41.9
45.1
45.6

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

-

40.2
46.2
46.5
42.7
45.5

- IN T H O U S A N D S

6.1
6.0
5.5
6.0

6.0
6.2
5.3
5.9
5. 8
WORKERS
29.5
34.3
34.8
30.8
33.4
33.9

39.6
45.0
45.1
42.2
44.9

-

5.3
6.0
5. 9
5.5
5. 9

IN ' H O U S A N D S
T
29.0
34.8
34.5
31.4
33.7

28.5
33.7
33.1
30.8
32.9

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A ve ra g e

MECHANICAL

Ja n u a ry

POWER

F e b ru a ry

M a rch

TRANSMISSION GOODS

A p r il

- SIC

Ju n e

M ay

J u ly

August

S e p te m b e r

201

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

3566— CONTINUED

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE WEEKLY

EARNINGS -

IN D O L L A R S

1951
1952
19 53
1954
1955

79.02
79.92
85.89
80.79
90.30

77.46
80.91
85.55
83.80
83.84

77.40
81.25
86.63
81.97
84.04

77.06
82.51
87.42
79.39
85.27

79.17
78.69
86.19
79.19
87.14

78.47
79.24
86.19
79.79
89.63

80.81
77.78
85.02
79.99
91.10

77.44
76.13
85.46
78.80
88.60

78.40
75.44
85.46
79.79
88.83

79.57
80.28
84.91
80.80
92.44

79.74
80.09
84.58
82.62
96.36

80. 18
83.28
85.00
83.03
96.79

81.81
86.08
85.83
83.43
98.11

1 956
195 7
1958
1959
1 960

95.03
94.58
91.89
102.42
102.36

96.14
95.79
92.27
98.42
103.98

94.61
95.18
89.47
100.45
102.72

93.09
96.22
90.87
101.11
102.41

93.53
94.02
89.55
100.94
101.75

94.39
93.52
88.70
102.92
103.22

93.30
94.16
90.17
106.25
102.06

91.56
92.97
90.40
104.08
100.69

95.46
93.94
89.62
101.93
101.60

96.75
94.76
92.28
103.58
101.38

97.86
94.02
93.38
102.34
102.00

96.05
93.90
98.58
101.50
101.52

99.41
93.67
99.31
105.83
101.26

1961
1 962
1963

105.44
113.01

101.52
112.05
113.85

101.00
112.17
115.92

100.74
112.71
115.79

103.46
114.63
113.85

105.97
113.82
117.59

107.94
115.48

106.78
112.32

106.63
111.24

102.05
111.51

107.59
113.02

109.18
113.44

112.02
115.64

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE HOURLY

EARNINGS -

IN D O L L A R S

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.7 6
1.85
1.97
1.99
2.10

1.71
1.81
1.94
2.00
2.04

1 .72
1. 8 3
1.96
1.98
2.03

1.72
1.85
1.96
1.97
2.04

1. 7 4
1 .83
1.95
1. 9 7
2.06

1.74
1.83
1. 9 5
1. 9 7
2.07

1.78
1.83
1. 9 5
1.98
2.08

1.76
1.83
1.96
1.98
2.07

1.75
1.84
1.96
1.98
2.09

1.78
1.88
1.97
2.00
2. 1 3

1.80
1 .88
1.99
2.02
2.19

1.81
1 .91
2.00
2.03
2.18

1.81
1.93
2.01
2.03
2.19

195 6
195 7
1958
1959
196 0

2.21
2.29
2.35
2.48
2.54

2.20
2.27
2.33
2.43
2.53

2.18
2.25
2.33
2.45
2.53

2.17
2.28
2.33
2.46
2.51

2. 1 7
2.26
2.32
2.45
2.50

2.19
2.27
2. 3 1
2.48
2.53

2.18
2.28
2.33
2.50
2.52

2.18
2.29
2.33
2.49
2.53

2.22
2.28
2.34
2. 4 8
2.54

2.25
2.30
2.36
2.49
2.56

2.26
2. 3 1
2.37
2.49
2.55

2.26
2.33
2.44
2.50
2.57

2 .28
2 . 33
2.44
2.55
2.57

1961
1962
1963

2 .61
2.71

2.57
2.70
2.75

2.57
2.69
2.76

2.57
2.69
2.77

2.58
2.71
2.77

2. 6 1
2.71
2.78

2.62
2.73

2.63
2.70

2.62
2.70

2.59
2.70

2.65
2.73

2.65
2.74

2.68
2.76

PRODUCTION-WORKER

AVERAGE WEEKLY

HOURS

1951
1952
1953
1954
195 5

44.9
43.2
43.6
40.6
43.0

45.3
44.7
44.1
41.9
41.1

45.0
44.4
44.2
41.4
41.4

44.8
44.6
44.6
40.3
41.8

45.5
43.0
44.2
40.2
42.3

45.1
43.3
44.2
40.5
43.3

45.4
42.5
43.6
40.4
43.8

44.0
41.6
43.6
39.8
42.8

44.8
41.0
43.6
40.3
42.5

44.7
42.7
43.1
40.4
43.4

44.3
42.6
42.5
40.9
44.0

44.3
43.6
42.5
40.9
44.4

45.2
44.6
42.7
4 1.1
44.8

195 6
1957
195 8
195 9
I96 0

43.0
41.3
39.1
41.3
40.3

43.7
42.2
39.6
40.5
41.1

43.4
42.3
38.4
41.0
40.6

42.9
42.2
39.0
41.1
40.8

43.1
41.6
38.6
41.2
40.7

43.1
41.2
38.4
41.5
40.8

42.8
41.3
38.7
42.5
40.5

42.0
40.6
38.3
41.8
3 9.8

43.0
41.2
38.3
41.1
40.0

43.0
41.2
39.1
41.6
39.6

43.3
40.7
39.4
41.1
40.0

42.5
40.3
40.4
40.6
39.5

43.6
40.2
40.7
41.5
3 9 .4

1961
1962
196 3

40.4
41.7

39.5
41.5
41.4

39.3
41.7
42.0

39.2
41.9
41.8

4 0.1
42.3
41.1

40.6
42.0
42.3

41.2
42.3

40.6
41.6

40.7
41.2

39.4
41.3

40.6
41.4

41.2
41.4

41.8
41.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

2.1
3.3
2.1
2.2
2. 3

1.5
3.8
3.0
1.9
2.7
2.1

1.2
3.2
2.3
1.5
2.6
1.7

1.2
3.2
1. 7
1.6
2.6
1.6

P E R 100
1.4
3.5
1.8
3.3
2.7
1.9

EMPLOYEES
2. 6
4.8
2. 7
3.5
3.8

1.9
2. 9
2.7
1. 6
1.6

2.9
4.3
3.8
2.4
2.1

3.2
3.3
1.7
1.9
2. 8

2.7
2.1
1.8
2.3
1.8

2. 2
1.6
1.2
2.0
1.4

2.8
2.7
1.4
1.5
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

.7
2.1
1.0
1.0
1.5

.5
1. 9
2. 3
.5
1.8
1. 4

.5
2.0
1.5
.5
2.0
1.1

.5
1. 9
1.3
.4
1.7
l.l

NEW HIRES
.3
2.6
.8
.5
1.5
1.5

EMPLOYEES
.6
.7
2.0
3.5
1.2
•8
1.5
.6
2.5
1.0

.8
2.5
.9
1.4
1.3

1.0
2.2
.7
1.3
1.4

1.0
1.7
.6
1.6
1.3

.8
1.2
.4
1.3
.9

1.4
1.5
.3
1.1
.8

1958
1 959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2. 9
2.4
3.2
2.1
2.3

5.1
1.9
1.9
4.0
2.7
2.2

2.5
1.6
2.3
2.7
2.0
1.8

3.8
2.5
3.2
3.2
2.5
1.6

SEPARATIONS
3. 6
2.3
2.8
2.0
2.1
1.7

100 E M P L O Y E E S
2.0
3.2
2.5
2.3
3.0
4.5
1.9
1.2
1.6
2.6

3. 7
3. 9
4.1
1.8
2.2

2.3
3.6
3.8
2.4
3.9

2.5
2.1
2.5
2.0
2.0

1.3
2.2
3. 6
1.5
2.0

1.8
1.8
3.1
1.3
2.1

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

.6
1.0
.8
.6
.8

•6
.7
.8
.4
.7
.7

.4
.5
.8
.3
.7
.6

.5
.9
.9
.4
.7
.6

.8
1. 4
.9
1.0
1.3

.8
1.9
1.4
1.3
1.5

.7
.8
.5
.8
.7

.5
.8
.4
.7
.6

.4
•6
.4
.6
.4




ACCESSIONS
1.0
3.8
1.4
2.6
2.5
2.0

QUITS
.4
1.1
.9
.5
.8
.7

P E R 100
.5
2.5
•8
.9
1.8
1.4
PER
3.4
1.9
3.0
1.6
2.2
1.5

PER

10 0 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
.7
.9
1.0
•8
.8
.5
.6
1.1
.9
.7

.5
.9
.7
.5
.7

202

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A v e ra g e

MECHANICAL

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

OFFICE*

Ja n u a ry

POWER

F e b ru a ry

2.0
.9
1.9
1.1
1.0

4.0
.8
.6
3.1
1.2
1.0

COMPUTING,

AND

A p r il

M a rch

TRANSMISSION GOODS

- SI C

LAYOFFS
2. 9
.7
1.5
1.2
.9
.6

2.8
l.l
1.7
2.3
1.2
.6

1.7
.7
1.1
2.1
.6
.8

ACCOUNTING

June

M ay

132.9
138.2
146.5
152.0
156.3

133.8
134.4
143.3
149.7
155.8
154.8

128.4
135.0
143.0
149.5
156.4
153.8

MACHINES

130.6
135.6
144.6
149.4
156.7
153.9

- SIC

130.3
136.5
145.3
150.3
156.8
153.5
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

34.9
36.6
37.7
39.3

32.2
34.2
36.7
36.8
39.5
38.2

34.6
36.2
36.5
39.9
37.9

34.4
36.7
36.5
39.9
37.8

87.8
92.7
95.9
96.3
97.4

88.2
91.4
95.7
95.5
98 . 1
94.9

84.3
91.5
95.0
95 . 2
98.3
93.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

96.00
101.91
106.23
111.24
113.15

92.75
99.79
104.60
10 7 . 7 1
112.61
114.21

93.30
99.29
104.49
108.79
11 2 . 6 1
114.90

85.1
91.6
95.8
94.4
98.5
93.0

-

October*"

Novem ber

D e ce m b e r

132.3
137.3
146.4
151.6
156.8

EMPLOYEES

1.1
1.3
1.9
•6
1.9

1.4
.6
1. 6
.6
1.0

.5
.9
2.9
.3
1.2

l.l
.8
2.4
.3
1.3

133.1
138.6
147.3
153.7
157.1

134.7
140.5
148.6
153.2
156.8

136.2
142.1
148.7
153.9
155.6

136.7
143.3
149.4
154.5
155.5

136.8
144.0
149.5
155.3
155.1

34.5
35.9
38.0
38.9

35.5
36.7
38.1
38.8

34.6
35.9
36.8
39.0
39.1

36.7
36.8
39.2
3 9.1

3 6 .9
36.6
39.5
38.6

87.7
91.9
94.8
96.5
97.3

AVERAGE

90.2
93.5
96.3
96.9
97.3

91.7
94.8
96.3
97.5
96.4

92.1
95.6
96 . 5
97.9
96.2

92.0
96. C
96.1
98.1
95.7

97.61
102.21
107.98
112.74
113.68

98.17
103.38
109.03
113.84
112.72

99.47
104.55
107.98
113.71
112.84

99.88
105.22
107.45
113.71
114.49

IN T H O U S A N D S
32.4
33.6
36.3
37.5
38.4

-

IN T H O U S A N D S
85.9
90.2
95.5
95.9
96.1

86.4
92.4
96.0
96.2
97.7

WEEKLY

93.77
101.75
105.01
110.29
111.78
115.59
AVERAGE

131.6
135.0
146.3
152.3
156.1

34.4
36.5
37.3
39.6

85.0
91.9
95.9
95.6
98.2
90.3

94.01
100.60
103.31
109.08
111.78
114.33

PRODUCTION-WORKER

-

34 . 1
36.7
37.2
40.0
36 . 8

84.7
91.9
96.3
95 . 5
98.8
92 . 1

2.1
1.9
2.7
.4
.4

IN T H O U S A N D S

130.7
136.4
145.3
150.1
156.8
152.3

31.6
34.3
37 . 1
36.9
40.3
37.3

PRODUCTICN-WORKER
94.25
99.54
104.60
108.40
112.75
115.30

S e p te m b e r I

357

PRODUCTION WORKERS
1 958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

August

P E R 100- E M P L O Y E E S
2.5
2.2
1.2
.8
.5
1.0
1.8
1.7
3.4
1.0
.8
.4
.7
1.3
.5
.4

ALL EMPLOYEES
1958
195 9
I 960
1961
1962
1963

J u ly

3566— CONTINUED

EARNINGS

95.60
102.91
105.56
112.47
112.46

HOURLY

-

96.96
102.42
107.79
113.28
114.96

EARNINGS

IN D O L L A R S
95.76
99.00
104.78
111.51
112.19

-

IN D O L L A R S

\
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.40
2.51
2.61
2.70
2.78

2.36
2.47
2.57
2.64
2.74
2.82

2.38
2.47
2.58
2.66
2.76
2.83

2.38
2.47
2.57
2.67
2.75
2.84

2 .38
2.49
2 .57
2.68
2.76
2.83

2.38
2.50
2.58
2.69
2.76
2.84

PRODUCTION-WORKER
39.6
40.3
40.7
40.6
41.0
40.6

1958
1959
1 960
1961
1962
196 3

40.0
40.6
40.7
41.2
40.7

39.3
40.4
40.7
40.8
41 . 1
40.5

39.2
40.2
40.5
40.9
40.8
40.6

195 8
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

1.2
1.5
1.9
2.2
1.5

.8
1.3
1.7
2.0
2.2
1.3

•8
1.2
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.5

1. 0
1.4
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.7

1958
1959
I96 0
1961
1962
1963

2 .6
2.6
2.4
2 .3
2.1

1.7
2. 4
2.4
2.2
2.6
2.1

1.3
2.4
2.5
2.0
2.1
1.9

6.4
2.5
2.5
2.0
2.0
1.9

39.5
40.4
40.2
40.7
40.5
40.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER




2.39
2.51
2.60
2. 7 1
2.77

AVERAGE

39.4
40.7
40.7
41.0
40.5
40.7
AVERAGE

1.1
1.5
1.4
1.8
1.4
1.3
ACCESSIONS
2.0
2.3
2.2
1.7
2.0
1.7

.9
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.5
1.6
PER
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.1
1.8
1.7

2.40
2.48
2 .61
2.71
2.77

WEEKLY

2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.77

2.41
2.53
2.64
2.71
2.80

2.43
2.54
2.64
2.73
2.79

2.45
2.55
2.64
2.74
2.80

2.46
2.56
2.64
2.74
2 . 82

39.9
39.6
40.3
41.3
40.5

40.5
40.4
40.9
41.6
40.6

40.4
40.7
41.3
41.7
40.4

40.6
41.0
40.9
41.5
40.3

40.6
4 1 .1
4C.7
41.5
40.6

HOURS

40.0
41.0
40.6
41.5
40.6

40.4
41.3
41.3
41.8
41.5

WEEKLY

OVERTIME

HOURS

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.4
1.6

1.2
1.2
1.6
1.9
1.3

1.7
1.6
2. 3
2.5
1.4

1.6
1.7
2.4
2. 4
1.4

1.8
1.8
2.2
2.7
1.3

1.6
1.9
1.9
2 .4
1.5

100 E M P L O Y E E S
3.0
2.0
3.5
2.6
3.2
2. 3
2.8
2.6
2.8
2.2

2.5
2.9
2.8
2.5
2.4

3. 3
3.5
2.6
3.6
2.4

2.8
3.0
2. 5
2.4
2.2

2.3
2. 4
2.2
2. 3
1.7

1.6
1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4

1.1
1.8
1.9
2.3
1.5

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

OFFICE,

Annual
A v e ra g e

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

M a rch

A p r il

COMPUTING,

AND

195 8
195 9
1 960
1961
196?.
1963

1.0
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.3

.6
1.3
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.2

.5
1.3
1.7
1.0
1.4
1.2

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
2.0
2.2
2.4
2. 4

6.1
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.4
2. 9

4.2
2.5
1.8
2.1
1.8
2. 3

1958
195 9
196 0
1961
1962
1963

.7
.9
.8
.8
.9

.7
.9
.8
.6
.8
•8

.5
.7
.8
.6
.7
.7

.6
.7
.7
.7
.9
.7

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

1.4
.7
.7
.7
.7

5.1
l.l
.4

3.4
l.l
.5
•8
.5
.8

1. 6
.6
.8
.9
.6
•6

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

1.0

.6
1.2

MACHINES

AND C A S H

- SIC

HIRES
.6
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.0

PER

2.5
1.7
2.1
3.2
2.2
2. 1

SEPARATIONS
1.9
1.8
1.8
2.0
1.9
3.2

90.4
93.9
101.4
107.7
112.4

93.5
89.6
98.4
104.6
112.2
110.3

SI C

90.0
91.2
100.0
105.6
113.3
109.8

21.6
23.2
24.2
26. 1

20 . 1
20.2
23.4
23 . 1
26.3
25.0

20.8
23.5
22.9
26.9
24.8

20.7
23.7
23.3
27.0
24.7

56.3
58.8
63.8
63.4
68.0
62.4

57.1
60.2
63.5
64.7
66.5

59.4
58 . 1
63.3
63.1
67.3
63.8

56.5
58.6
63.7
63.2
67.9
62.8

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

103.17
109.61
114.12
119.52
120.36

99.35
107.59
113.16
117.45
121.47
121.80

1 0 1 .3 0
108.00
113.16
117.42
120.13
122.21

90.2
92 . 1
100.7
106.2
113.4
109.5

19.7
20.9
23.8
23.4
27.1
24.3

56.4
59.2
64.2
63.9
68.2
61.4

100.80
109.20
110.29
116.40
119.36
121.91

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1 963

2.56
2.68
2.77
2.88
2.95




2.49
2.65
2.74
2.83
2.92
3.00

2.52
2.66
2.74
2.85
2.93
3.01

O c to b e r

Novem ber

D e ce m b e r

2.53
2.64
2.73
2.85
2.93
3.01

.9

1.1
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.2

1.4
2.0
2.1
1.5
1.3

1.6
2.3
1.9
1.8
1.4

1.6
1.9
1.7
1.7
1.3

1.4
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.2

100 E M P L O Y E E S
1.3
1.6
2.1
2.3
2.4
1.6
2.1
2.1
2. 6
2.5

2.1
2.2
2.9
2.7
2.9

1.8
2.5
2.5
3.0
3.3

2.1
1.8
2.8
2.1
2.4

1.7
1.6
1.6
2.2
2. 3

1.6
1.3
2.0

1.1

.8
1.0
.8
.8
.8

.7
.7
.6
.7
.7

.6
.6
•5
.7
.5

1.0

.7

.5
.6
.7

.6
-4
.7

.5

.7

.6

EMPLOYEES
.6
1.1

.9
.9
1.0

.9

•6
1.0
.7
.7
.9

1.5
1.3
1. 4
1.4

1.1

1.0
l.l
1.3

P E R 100 E M P L O Y E E S
.7
.5
.7
.9
•8
•6
.8
.4
.9
.6
.6
.8
.7
1.0
.9
.7

EMPLOYEES -

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER
102.21
107.18
112.20
116.85
120.72
122.51

EMPLOYEES
1.1
2.5
2.2
2.0
1.9

100
.6
.9
.9
.7
•8
•8

1.0

1.2
.9

1.0
.9

2.9

1.3

1.0

.3
.4
.5
.7

.9

1.0

.4
1.4
.5
.7

89.5
94.6
102.4
109.0
113.0

90.6
95.7
102.7
108.9
11 2 . 2

90.7
96.8
102.8
109.6
111.0

91.0
98.0
103.4
110.6
110.8

90.9
96.7
103.8
111.4
11C.6

21.5
22.9
24.4
25.5

22.1
22.9
24.6
25.3

20.4
22.5
23.0
25.2
25.5

23.1
22.8
25.6
25.5

23.4
22.8
2 6.1
25.2

56.1
60.1
62.8
64.7
66.2

58.1
60.9
63.3
65.4
65.8

58.2
61.8
63.3
66.1
65.1

58.4
62.6
63.2
66.7
64.7

58 .1
63.0
6 3 .1
67.0
64.4

103.97
109.08
116.75
12 0 . 5 1
121.39

105.04
110.57
117.73
121.51
119.69

106.78
112.06
116.60
121.76
120.20

107.59
113.57
117.16
121.35
122.10

2.60
2. 7 1
2.83
2.90
2.97

2.63
2.72
2.83
2.92
2.99

2.65
2.73
2.83
2. 91
3.00

•6
.4

2.52
2.67
2.73
2.86
2.94
3.01

IN T H O U S A N D S

90.0
92.3
100.6
106.2
113.3
108.8

90.1
93.1
101.1
107.2
112.9

1 MPLOYEES
E

-

56.1
59.5
63.9
64.0
67.6
60.0
AVERAGE
100.04
109.86
111.11
117.96
119.36
122.61
AVERAGE
2.52
2.66
2.73
2.87
2.94
3.02

89.1
94.1
101.9
108.3
112.5

IN T H O U S A N D S

20.9
23.5
23.8
26.9
24.0

21.2
23.4
23.9
26.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS
1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
196 3

S e p te m b e r

3571

FEMALE

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

PE R
1.5
2.2
2.3
2.0
2.1
2.2

PER

LAYOFFS
1.2
.4
.4
.8
.6
1.6

REGISTERS -

88.9
90.2
99 . 1
104.9
113.1
109.6

100
.6
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.1
.9

QUITS
.5
.9
.9
.7
.7
.8

ALL

1 958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

August

357— CONTINUED

.7
1.5
1.8
1.2
1.2
1.1

1

MACHINES

NEW

COMPUTING

ACCOUNTING

203

-

19.4
21.4
23.2
24.2
25.4

IN T H O U S A N D S
56.1
60.0
63.7
64.6
66.8

WEEKLY

EARNINGS -

101.85
112.29
112.88
120.51
120.25

HOURLY

55.2
60.3
63.7
64.'6
65.8

104.19
109.71
115.64
120.67
121.84

EARNINGS

2.54
2.68
2.76
2.89
2.94

2.56
2.65
2.76
2.88
2.95

IN D O L L A R S
103.31
107.20
112.61
120.10
119.36

-

IN D O L L A R S
2.57
2.68
2.76
2.88
2.94

2.58
2.70
2.82
2.89
2.99

204

Year

E M P LO Y M EN T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

COMPUTING

Ja n u a ry

MACHINES

F e b ru a ry

AND CASH

M a rch

A p r il

REGISTERS -

M ay

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1 958
1959
1 960
1961
1962
196 3

40.3
40.9
41.2
41.5
40.8

39.9
40.6
41.3
41.5
41.6
40.6

40.2
40.6
41.3
41.2
41.0
40.6

40.4
40.6
41.1
41.0
41.2
40.7

1958
1959
1 960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.6
2. 4
2 .2
1.9

1.2
2.2
2. 4
2.4
2.5
2.1

1.2
2.5
2. 5
2.0
2.0
2. 0

3.3
2.5
2.9
1.7
1. 9
1.8

195 8
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

.9
1. 6
1.6
1.2
1.2

.5
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.5
l.l

.5
1.4
1.7
1.0
1.4
1.2

.7
1.4
2.1
.8
1.1
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

1.8
1.5
1.9
2.1
2. 2

3.6
1.4
2.1
1.5
2.1
3. 0

2.3
2.1
1.4
2.0
1.6
2.2

1.7
1.4
1. 9
2.9
1.9
2.1

1958
1 959
1960
1961
1962
1963

•6
.8
.7
.7
.8

.6
.8
.7
.6
•6
.7

.4
.7
.7
.5
.6
.6

.5
.7
.7
.5
.8
.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

.9
.2
.4
.4
.7

2.7
.3
.1
.4
.2
l.l

1.7
.6
.2
.7
.4
.7

.9
.3
.6
.3
.4
.6

40.0
40.9
40.4
40.7
40.6
40.5

INDUSTRY

MACHINES

- SIC

90. 2
97.2
99.8
95.4
10 0 . 8

91.9
92.4
10 0 . 1
95.5
97.7
98.3

93.2
94.7
102.2
96.4
1 0 0.1
98.8

12.5
13.2
12.8
13.1

SEPARATIONS
1.6
1.5
1.3
1.8
1.9
3.1
QUITS
.4
.7
.7
.5
.6
.7

PER

LAYOFFS
.9
.2
.2
.7
.6
1.6

6-1.9
6 8.2
69.7
64.7
69.0




Novem ber

D e ce m b e r

40.2
40.0
40.8
41.7
40.6

40.3
40.4
41.4
41.7
40.6

40.4
40.8
41.6
41.9
40.3

40.6
41.2
41.2
41.7
40.2

40.6
41.6
41.4
41.7
40.7

EMPLOYEES
2.1
1.9
3.5
2.3
3.2
2.3
2.0
2.8
1.7
2.4

2.3
2.8
2.6
2.2
1.8

2.7
3.2
2. 5
3.6
2.2

2.2
2.9
2.5
2. 2
1.9

1. 9
2. 4
2.1
2. 2
1.7

1.4
1.9
1.8
1.5
1.4

EMPLOYEES
1.2
1.1
1.5
2.4
1. 6
2.2
1.4
2.0
1.6
1.1

1.3
1.9
2.1
1.2
1.1

1.7
2.1
1.7
1.5
1.2

1.3
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.1

1.1
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.2

.7
1.2
.9
1.0
•8

PER
1.2
1.6
1.7
1.7
2.1
2.3

EMPLOYEES
1.5
1.2
1.6
1.7
2.1
1.3
1.9
1.7
1.9
2.4

1.9
1.6
2. 8
2.2
3.1

1.8
2.1
2.2
2.5
3.4

1.7
1.4
2.6
1.7
2.4

1.5
l.l
1.1
1.8
2.2

1.1
1.0
1.8
3.0
1.9

.5
.9
.6
.6
•8

.8
.9
.9
.9
1.1

1.2
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2

.7
.8
.6
.7
.7

.7
.6
.5
.6
.6

.5
.6
.5
.5
.5

.5
.3
.3
.3
.4

.9
.2
.2
•6
1.2

.3
.1
.4
.2
1.1

.7
.2
1.4
.2
.7

.6
.1
.2
.4
.7

.4
.1
.4
.4
•6

84.1
98 . 1
97.6
90 . 5
99.5

86 . 6
98.2
97.0
92.5
100.0

86.4
9 7.7
95. 8
92.5
99.3

87.9
97 . 7
96.6
95.3
99 . 2

88.8
98.4
9 5.2
9 7 .5
98.4

1 2.8
1 3.2
1 2.2
12.8

12 . 7
12.9
12.2
12.7

11.5
12 . 4
13 . 0
1 2.3
1 2.7

12.3
13.3
12.6
12.8

12.5
13.2
12.8
12 .9

56.3
68.4
67.0
59.7
67.4

58.3
68.8
66.7
61.5
68.1

58.5
68.2
65.7
61.5
67.5

59.2
68.4
66.4
64.2
66.9

61.2
68.8
65.1
66.3
66 .5

100

100

100 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
•6
•8
.9
•8
.7
.6
.7
.9
.7
.7
P E R 100 E M P L O Y E E S
.5
.7
.3
.2
.4
.8
.4
.4
.8
•8
.7

358

93.6
96.4
98.5
96.6
101.3
100.1

EMPLOYEES

93.9
97.7
102.6
97.4
102.5
101.9

12.7
12.1
1 2.7
13.2
12.8
12.9

12 . 4
13 . 0
13 . 3
12.8
12.9

12.5
13.3
13.3
13.3
12.9

63. 1
64.2
70.4
65.2
66.4
66.2

64 . 4
66.0
72.5
66.1
69.0
67.3

65.0
67.9
68.7
66.5
69.8
6B.0

1 MPLOYEES
E

12 . 5
12.4
13 . 6
13.1
1 3.5
13.1

6 5.5
69.3
72.7
67.2
70.9
69.8

-

IN T H O U S A N D S

93.0
99.5
104.8
96.2
104.7

93.4
97.0
103.5
99.0
103.3
103.3

PRODUCTION
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

O c to b e r

PE R 100
•6
1.4
1.4
1.0
.9
.9

HIRES
•6
1.4
1.2
•8
1.1
.9

FEMALE

1 958
195 9
I960
1961
1962
1963

S e p te m b e r

40.7
41.4
41.9
41.9
41.3

40.1
41.9
40.9
41.7
40.9

A C C E S S I O N S PER
1.3
1.4
2.4
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.5
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.7

ALL

1958
19 59
196 0
1961
1962
1 963

August

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

39.7
41.3
40.7
41.1
40.6
40.6

NEW

SERVICE

J u ly

Ju n e

SIC 3 5 7 1 — C O N T I N U E D

-

IN T H O U S A N D S

1 2.2
13 . 4
12.9
1 3.5
13.3
WORKERS
6 5.1
68.4
73.6
68.2
71.6
71.3

89.9
99.0
103.4
95.2
103.2

12.7
13.6
12.9
13.7

-

11.9
12 . 7
13 . 5
12.9
13.2

IN ' H O U S A N D S
F
64.7
70.9
74.8
65.4
72.6

61.4
69.4
72.8
64.1
71.1

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES

205

---- 1
Year

SERVICE

A nnual
A ve ra g e

J a n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

INDUSTRY MACHINES -

SIC

M a rch

A p r il

]

87.12
93.02
93.43
95.84
100.12

85.32
90.05
93.50
92.93
97.60
100.90

83.38
90.68
93.50
94.72
97.36
100.90

85.50
91.76
91.77
95.12
98.58
102.31

2.2 0
2.28
2.33
2.39
2.46

2.16
2.24
2.32
2.36
2.44
2.51

2.16
2.25
2.32
2.38
2.44
2.51

2.17
2.26
2.30
2.39
2.44
2.52

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

2.17
2.27
2.33
2.38
2. 4 5
2.51

39.6
40.8
40.1
40.1
40.7

39.5
40.2
40.3
39.4
40.0
40.2

33.6
40.3
40.3
39.8
39.9
40.2

39.4
40.6
39.9
39.8
40.4
40.6

39.5
41.0
40.5
40.0
41.0
40.3

PRODUCTION-WORKER

HOURLY

1.4
2.2
1.9
1.6
2.0

1.3
1.5
1.9
1.3
1.6
1.6

1.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.6
1.8

1.4
1.8
1.9
1.5
1.9
2.3

1958
1 959
I 960
1961
1962
1963

4.4
4. 5
4.5
3.5
3. 6

5.9
8.1
6.9
4.6
4. 8
4.2

3.7
4.5
4. 5
3. 7
4.6
3.2

3.6
5.4
4.2
3.3
4.0
3.6

ACCESSIONS
4.1
5.5
4. 0
3.7
4.0
4.3

PER
3.4
4.4
5.7
3.1
4.6
3.9

1958
1959
1 960
1961
196 2
1 963

1.7
3.1
2. 5
1.7
2.2

1.2
3.3
4.6
1.1
2.4
1. 9

1.5
2.8
3.5
l.l
2.5
1.9

1.8
4.0
3.5
1.7
3.0
2.4

NEW HIRES
1.8
4.0
3.1
2.1
3.0
3.1

PER
2. 1
3.4
4.2
1.7
3.3
3.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

4.9
3. 9
4.9
3.9
3.6

3.5
2.8
2.6
4.5
3.1
3.8

3.4
2. 6
4.0
2.8
2.8
2. 3

4.4
2.8
3.9
3.3
3.0
2.7

1 958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

.9
1.4
1.2
.9
1.1

.8
.9
1.2
.7
.9
.8

.7
1.1
.6
.8
.7

.7
1.4
1.4
.7
1.1
.9

1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
1963

3.5
1.8
2.9
2. 4
1.8

2.2
1.4
.7
3.3
1.4
2.6

2.2
1.1
2.2
1.7
1.2
1.1

3. 2
.7
1.8
2.0
1.2
1.1




S e p te m b e r |

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b er

1.0
1.2
l.l
LAYOFFS
2.6
1.3
1.2
1.8
1.3
.5

OVERTIME

100

10 0

88.75
94.94
92.90
98.49
99.94

87.19
93.79
93.93
96.71
101.15

89.38
94.48
91.96
98.82
100.35

2.22
2. 2 8
2 .31
2.37
2.45

2.22
2.29
2.35
2 .42
2 .48

2.23
2.31
2.34
2.42
2.48

2.23
2 .31
2.36
2.43
2.51

2.24
2.31
2.37
2.44
2.49

39.4
40.9
39.9
39.6
40.8

39.6
40.8
39.4
40.2
40.5

39.8
41. 1
39.7
40.7
40.3

39 . 1
40.6
39.8
39.8
40.3

39.9
40.9
38 .8
40.5
40.3

HOURS

WEEKLY

100

P E R 100
l.l
2.0
1.9
.9
1.4
1.3
PER

WEEKLY

87.91
93.43
92.59
97.28
100.44

IN D O L L A R S

2.21
2. 2 9
2.34
2.39
2.48

1.9
2. 7
2.4
1.7
2.9

S E P A R A T I O N S PER
3.9
5.6
4.0
3.8
3. 7
4.3
5.2
3.3
3. 8
3.2
2.4
3.2
QUITS
.9
2.0
1.7

-

39.6
40.6
40.2
40.3
41.3

1.6
2.5
2.6
1.4
2.2
2.3

IN D O L L A R S

87.47
93.25
92.17
93.85
99.96

40.4
41.1
40.9
40.4
42.0

AVERAGE

1.3
2.3
2.2
1.5
2.1
1.7

EARNINGS

AVERAGE

39.8
41.2
41.1
40.3
41.1
41.1

-

87.52
92.97
94.07
96.32
102.42

2.18
2.30
2.34
2.37
2.47

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

1.0

August

EARNINGS

88.07
94.53
95.71
95.75
103.74

2.18
2.28
2.34
2.38
2.44
2.53

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1 958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

WEEKLY

86.76
93.94
96.17
95.91
100.28
103.98

85.72
93.07
94.37
95.20
100.45
101.15

PRODUCTION-WORKER

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

J u ly

358— CONTINUED

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

Ju n e

M ay

HOURS

1.6
2. 5
2. 2
1.8
2.5

1.4
2.4
1.7
1.7
2.1

1.3
2.4
1.5
1.9
2.0

1.4
2.2
1.4
1.9
1.8

1.2
2.1
1.2
1.5
1.6

1.2
1.9
1.1
1.8
1.7

EMPLOYEES
4.6
4.4
5.1
3.2
4.9
2.5
2.6
3.2
4.2
2.5

3.4
3.2
3.7
3.8
3.0

4.6
4.8
7.3
4.1
3.6

5.3
3.8
4. 1
4.0
3.6

4.9
3.4
2.9
2.9
2.4

4.7
3.1
2.7
3.0
2.1

EMPLOYEES
2.4
1.2
4.1
2.4
3. 4
1.7
2.1
1.3
3.2
1.8

1.4
2.9
1.5
1.4
1.7

1.9
3.4
1.7
2.1
2.1

1.9
2. 4
1.3
1.8
1.8

1.7
2.4
1.1
2.0
1.1

1.3
2.2
.7
1.7
1.0

EMPLOYEES
5.3
9.4
3.9
7.1
6.9
6.8
5.1
4.9
4.3
4.0

6.4
4.7
8.8
4.7
5.0

5. 7
5.1
5.8
4.3
4.5

2.9
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.5

4.0
2. 9
3.6
2.4
2.9

3.9
3.3
4.7
3.2
2.8

.9
1.3
1.2
.8
1.1

1.1
1.7
1.1
1.0
1.6

1.1
2.3
1.6
1.7
1.7

1.0
1.2
.9
.9
.8

.7
.8
.7
.8
.6

.7
.9
.5
.7
.5

7.9
4.8
4.9
3.6
2.3

4.9
2.5
6.9
3.2
2. 6

4.2
1.9
3.5
1.6
2.1

1.5
1.4
1.8
1.8
1.9

2.8
1.5
2.3

2.8
1.8
3.8
1.7
1.7

EMPLOYEES
1.2
1.7
1.5

1.0
1.3

100 E M P L O Y E E S
4.0
3.5
1.5
1.1
3.9
1.4
3.7
3.3
1.5
2.2
1.1

1.0
1.6

206

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A vn ra g a

REFRIGERATION,

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

E XCEPT HOME

A p r il

M a rc h

REFRIGERATORS -

SIC

M ay

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

57.0
61.3
60.8
58.2
61.9

57.1
58.5
62.0
58.0
59.2
60.8

59.8
61.9
59.3
59.7
61.8
63.2

60.6
62.8
63.2
60.4
62.7
64.8
FEMALE

1958
1959
1960
1 961
1962
1963

6.5
6.8
6.6
6.8

6.7
6.4
6.6
6.8
6.6
6.8

6.6
6.8
6.9
6.7
6.9

42.4
44.4
41.6
41.9
42.9
43.6

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.7
63.7
43.0
40.0
42.8

39.7
41.3
44.3
40.2
40.5
41.3

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

87.30
93.20
94.07
95.20
99.47

86.11
89.95
94.30
92.90
96.87
100.65

84.15
90.17
93.90
95.84
96.71
101.30

86.94
91.71
90.68
95.36
97.69
102.97

WORKERS -

AVERAGE

2.19
2.28
2.34
2.38
2.45
2. 5 1

2.19
2.27
2.29
2.39
2.43
2.53

2.20
2.30
2.36
2.37
2.43
2.52

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.5
40.7
40.2
40.0
40.6

39.5
39.8
40.3
39.2
39.7
40 . 1

38.6
39.9
40.3
40.1
39.8
40.2

39.7
40.4
39.6
39.9
40.2
40.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

5.6
5. 1
5.1
3.9
4.1

8. 3
10.9
8.1
6.2
5.8
5.2

4.9
5.7
4.6
4.8
5. 6
3.3

4.5
6.3
4.0
3.5
4.3
3.9

AC C E S S I O N S PER
5.2
4.3
6.3
4.6
4.0
5.8
3.9
3.6
4.5
5.3
4.9
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.9
3.3
2.4
1. 6
2.4

1.4
4.0
5.0
1.1
2.4
2. 3

1.8
3.4
3. 5
l.l
2.5
2.0

2.1
4.8
3.4
1. 9
3.1
2.4

NEW HIRES
2.1
4.3
3.1
2.2
3.4
3.6

1958
1959
1960
1 961
1962
1963

6.0
4.4
5. 5
4.5
3.8

3.3
3.1
2.6
5.4
3.5
2.9

3.4
2.8
4.7
2. 9
2.5
2. 7

5. 0
3.0
4.1
3.3
3.0
2.7

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

1. 0
1. 5
1.2
.9
1.1

.9
.9
1.2
.7
•8
.7

.8
1.1
1.1
.5
.7
.7

.8
1.6
1.3
.7

PRODUCTION-WORKER




1.0
.9

6.0
6.4
6.6
6.0
6.7

6.4
6.8
6.3
6.7

6.4
6 .8
6.5
6.7

36.3
42.9
40.8
36.7
42.5

36.1
42.5
39.9
36.7
41.9

36.6
42.9
40.7
39.2
41.6

38.6
43.1
39 .8
40.6
41.0

87.25
93.43
91.49
95.84
99.38

87.86
95.17
92.04
97.03
98.80

86.63
94.02
94.00
94.56
100.25

88.65
94.42
92.19
97.69
99.60

87.02
92.57
92.63
92.66
98.25

-

IN D O L L A R S
2.22
2.29
2.34
2.39
2.46

2.23
2.31
2.33
2.39
2.47

2.25
2 .31
2.35
2.40
2.50

2.25
2.32
2.37
2.43
2.49

39.8
40.5
40.4
40.3
41.3

39.2
40.6
40.1
39.6
40.6

39.3
40.8
39.1
40.1
40.4

39.4
41.2
39.5
40.6
40.0

38.5
40.7
40.0
39.4
40.1

30.4
40.7
38.9
40.2
40.0

100 E M P L O Y E E S
5.6
5.7
5.3
3.0
4.8
2.7
3.5
2. 8
5.0
2.7

3.6
3.1
4.4
4. 1
2.9

4.9
5.0
10.3
4.1
4.2

6.7
4.5
4.8
4.7
4.2

6.4
4.0
3.6
2.7
2.9

6.6
2 .9
3.5
3.1
2.3

EMPLOYEES
2.8
1.4
4.4
2.0
2.8
1.6
2.2
1.3
3.9
2.0

1.3
2.9
1.3
1.1
1.5

1. 6
3.0
1.4
1.9
2.0

1.8
2.5
1.0
1.6
1.8

1.7
2.5
1.0
1.6
l.l

1.5
1.8
.7
1.3
l.l

100 E M P L O Y E E S
13 . 3
6.0
4.4
9.7
6.9
9. 2
6. 0
5.9
4.7
4.8

9.0
5.6
11.3
5.8
5.6

7.8
5.9
6.3
5. 0
5.2

3.3
3.3
3.2
4.0
4.1

5.1
2.4
3.9
2.1
3.3

3.9
3.0

1.2
1.7
1.0
.8
1.5

1.1
2.1
1.6
1.6
1. 7

9

.7
.8

.8
.3

.8
.6

.4
.7

•6

•

40.5
41.2
41.2
40.2
42.5

10 0

SEPARA T I O N S PER
4.0
7.3
4.6
4.4
3.7
4.7
4.0
5.5
3.4
3.0
3.3
2.4
QUITS
.9
2.3
1.9
1.1
1.1
l.l

6.4
6.5
6. 1
6.7

IN D O L L A R S

2.22
2.31
2.35
2.38
2.46

AVERAGE WEEKLY

PE R
2.7
3.6
4.0
2. 0
3.9
3.8

55.2
60.8
5 7 .5
59.0
60.2

2.22
2.28
2.31
2.34
2.42

40.2
41.3
41.7
40.6
41.1
41.3

39.9
41.0
40.7
40.2
40.9
40.5

88.36
93.56
94.94
95.91
101.60

2.19
2.32
2.35
2.35
2.45

2.18
2.26
2.33
2.39
2.43
2.52

54.3
60.4
58.4
57.5
61.1

35.4
43.0
40.2
36.5
41.4

40.5
45.3
45.0
40.5
44.9

HOURLY EARNINGS

2.18
2.26
2.34
2.37
2.44
2.51

53.1
60.2
57.6
55.0
61.2

6.6
6.6
6.1
6.7

EARNINGS -

88.70
95.58
96.82
94.47
104.13

2.21
2.29
2.34
2.38
2.45

53.7
60.6
58.5
55.0
61.8

IN T H O U S A N D S

MEEKLY

1958
1959
1960
196 1
1962
1963

52.7
61.0
58.4
54.6
60.9

6.6
6.7
6.9
6.7
7.0

42.8
46.3
46.7
40.7
45.6

88.44
94.99
98.41
96.22
99.87
104.08
AVERAGE

58.0
63.4
63.2
59.1
64.3

6.7
7.1
6.8
7.2

43.0
44.4
46.0
43.5
44.8
46.3

87.38
93.48
95.24
95.68
100.21
101.66

PRODUCTION-WORKER

Ducum bur

• IN T H O U S A N D S
-

6.2
7.0
6.9
6.9
7. 2

43.3
45.5
45.5
42.5
43.8
45.0

PRODUCTI ON-WORKER

60.1
63.4
64.7
59.0
65.0

EMPLOYEES

PRODUCTION
41.5
42.8
45.8
41.3
42.6
42.9

N ovem ber

O c to b e r*

s IN T H O U S A N D S
-

60.3
61.7
63.8
61.8
64.0
66.0

6.9
6.6
7.1
6.9
6.8
7.1

6.7
6.9
6.9
6.8
7.0

S u p to m b u r

3585

ALL EMPLOYEES
59.0
60.4
63.4
59.0
61.1
62.2

A ugust

J u ly

Ju n e

P E R 100
1.3
2.3
2. 0
1.0
1.4
1.4

EMPLOYEES
1.4
1.8
1.5
1.1
1.4

HOURS

1.1
1.3
1.0
.7
1.1

•

l.l

.9
.8
.R

5.0
3 .9
5.9

5

207

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A ve ra g e

REFRIGERATION,

1958
195 9
1 960
1961
1962
1 963

Ja n u a ry

EXCEPT

4. 5
2.2
3.6
2.9
2. 0

F e b ru a ry

HOME

2.0
1.8
.7
4. 2
1.7
1.6

MISCELLANEOUS MACHINERY

-

SI C

SIC

136.0
149.2
157.6
156.4
167.4

142.5
142.0
158.5
152.0
163.0
170.3

138.6
142.3
160.3
151.6
164.0
171.2

136.5
143.3
159.8
151.3
164.5
173.0

19.9
20.4
20.7
22.7

17.8
18.7
21.0
19 . 8
22.4
22.9

18.8
21.0
19.4
22.4
23.1

19.2
20.5
19.3
22.2
23.1

103.3
114.3
119.6
117.9
128.0

10 9 . 1
108.9
121.7
114.2
123.8
130.9

105.9
108.8
122.8
113.7
124.6
131.4

104.4
109.8
122.1
113.5
125.1
132.8

195 8
1959
I960
1961
1962
196 3

91.48
99.30
101.02
104.00
109.13

89.24
96.46
101.40
101.76
107.26
111.09

89.20
97.11
100.50
101.68
107.87
109.62

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.27
2.37
2.44
2.50
2.58

2.22
2.33
2.42
2.47
2.56
2.62

EMPLOYEES
3.9
11.6
1.9
7.2
5. 9
5.?
3.9
4.5
2.7
3.0

2.23
2.34
2. 4 1
2.48
2.55
2.61

90.27
98.94
100.19
102.01
107.87
110.72

2.24
2.35
2.42
2.47
2.55
2.63

-

1 958
1959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

40.3
41.9
41.4
41.6
42.3

40.2
41.4
41.9
41.2
41.9
42.4

40.0
41.5
41.7
41.0
42.3
42.0

1958
195 9
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.4
3.8
3. 4
3.5
4.1

2. 2
3. 3
3.8
2.9
3.9
4.1

2. 1
3.4
3. 7
3.1
4.0
3.9

WORKERS 100.0
113.6
119.4
115.6
125.0
134.5

AVERAGE

90.00
99.17
99.70
102.67
108.97
109.36

1.9
1.6
1.3
2.5
2.4

4.0
.9
2.7
.9
2.0

3 .8
2.4
5.1
2.5
2.0

134.6
152.9
157.5
159.8
17 0 . 1

136.3
154.9
155.7
157.6
171.6

133.4
155.1
155.1
161.7
172.2

141.1
157.0
154.6
162.9
170.9

19.6
20.4
21.3
23.0

20.6
20.2
22.0
23.3

1 8.1
21.2
20.3
21.4
23.4

20.7
20.2
22.1
23.2

20.7
20.0
22.4
23.4

99.4
114.4
119.9
121.5
128.2

101.8
117.2
119.3
121.1
130.8

103.5
118.6
117.4
118.9
132.1

105.5
118.7
117.2
122.7
132.3

108.1
120.4
116.4
123.7
131.8

91.94
99.66
102.75
105.67
110.24

94.66
99.36
101.52
106.43
110.14

96.46
101.88
102.67
108.89
112.14

IN T H O U S A N D S

SHOPS,

JOBBING

90.4
99.7
108.5
109.8
115.6

94.3
95.0
106.1
107.1
113.0
116.4

40.3
42.1
41.4
41.3
42.3
42.1

40.0
42.2
41.2
41.4
42.4
41.9

2.0
3.8
3.4
3.2
4.0
4.1

AND REPAIR -

SIC

2.0
3.8
3.3
3. 4
4.0
3.5

90.2
94.7
107.9
107.8
114.6
119.2

90.23
101.39
101.09
103.75
108.45

92.11
101.15
101.99
104.75
108.71

2.26
2.37
2.44
2.50
2.56
2.63

EARNINGS

2.28
2.38
2.44
2.50
2.57

40.1
42.3
41.7
41.5
42.6
42.6

WEEKLY

40.4
42.5
41.8
41.9
42.3

2.0
4.0
3.5
3.2
4.0
4.2

2. 2
4. 1
3.4
3.4
4.0

IN D O L L A R S
91.88
99.78
100.70
102.50
108.29

-

93.61
99.84
101.43
106.34
109.82

IN D O L L A R S
2.28
2.37
2.45
2.50
2.56

2.30
2.40
2.48
2.52
2.59

2.31
2.39
2.47
2.51
2.60

2.32
2.40
2.47
2.54
2.61

2.33
2.42
2.48
2.55
2.62

40.3
42.1
41.1
41.0
42.3

40.7
41.6
40.9
42.2
42.4

39.8
41.7
41.6
42.1
42.4

40.8
41.4
41.1
41.9
42.2

41.4
42.1
41.4
42.7
42.8

2.4
4.2
3. 2
3.5
4.1

2.6
3.9
3.1
3.7
4.4

2.6
3.7
3.3
3.8
4.3

3.0
3.6
3.1
3.8
4.2

3.4
3.9
3.4
4.1
4.3

87.6
101.4
110.2
112.2
116.0

89.6
102.0
109.8
111.0
116.9

91.2
102.9
108.4
111.1
118.0

92.4
104.4
108.6
112.5
118.5

94.5
105.6
108.6
113.3
116.9

2.25
2.38
2.43
2.50
2.57

AVERAGEi WEEKLY

HOURS

40.1
42.6
41.6
41.5
42.2

OVERTIME HOURS
2.C
3.9
3.4
3.3
4.2

35 9 1
ALL EMPLOYEES

91.7
94.3
107.3
107.6
114.0
117.7

99.1
114.1
119.7
118.4
127.6

WEEKLY EARNINGS -

AVERAGE HOURLY

2.25
2.35
2.4?
2.48
2.57
2. 6 1

16.8
19.7
20.7
21.1
22.0

99.9
115.3
119.7
11 8 . 1
129.1

90.63
100.25
101.75
103.75
109.06
112.04

PRODUCTION-WORKER




6.3
2.7
4.0
2.0
2.a

132.0
149.7
158.3
160.2
168.1

131.8
149.6
1 5 8.1
157.2
166.9

19.9
20.1
20.8
22.5

PRODUCTION- WORKER AVERAGE

1958
1 959
1960
1961
1 962
1963

7.3
3.4
9.5
4.4
3.4

IN T H O U S A N D S

19.6
20.1
20.0
22.3
22.9

103.1
111.5
119.6
113.8
125.0
133.4

PRODUCTION-WORKER

MACHINE

Novembe

IN T H O U S A N D S
132.2
150.3
158.2
157.1
168.3

EMPLOYEES

16.7
19.7
20.0
19.2
22.3
23.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER

-

132.1
147.9
157.0
153.8
164.4
174.9

PRODUCTION
195 8
1959
I960
1961
1962
1 963

P E R 100
5.5
1.4
1.7
3.9
1.0
l.l

EMPLOYEES

135.3
145.4
157.7
151.6
164.6
173.7
FEMALE

195 8
1959
I96 0
1961
1962
196 3

October

August

359
ALL

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

J u ly

3585— CONTINUED

LAYOFFS
2.6
1.5
1.1
2.3
1.1
.5

3.6
.6
2.1
2.1
1.3
.9

2.0
1.2
2.9
1.8
.9
1.4

Ju n e

M ay

A p r il

M a rch

REFRIGERATORS -

90.2
96.4
107.8
107.9
114.4
119.4

88.2
98.8
108.4
108.0
113.7
12 0 . 1

-

IN T H O U S A N D S
87.9
100.2
109.9
109.5
116.5

87.4
101.0
109.3
109.5
115.2

208

Year

MACHINE

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

SHOPS*

J a n u a ry

JOBBING

F e b ru a ry

AND

A p r il

M a rc h

REPAIR -

M ay

FEMALE
1958
1959
1960
1961
1 962
196 3

7.9
8. 5
10.0
1 0.2
11.0
11.1

8.4
9.8
10.1
1 1.2
11.4

8.6
9.8
10.2
11.3
11.5

73.8
74.4
83.4
82.3
86.9
90.6

9 .3
10.0
10.6
1 1.3

71.6
73.6
84.1
82.7
87.7
91.5

7.5
9.0
9.8
10.2
11.4
11.3

70.6
74.0
84.5
82.9
88.4
92.8

EMPLOYEES -

9.1
10.0
10.3
11.4
11.3

70.5
78.2
84.4
84.3
89.7

70.6
75.5
84.1
83.1
88.2
92.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1 963

91.94
99.30
102.17
105.00
108.80

90.17
95.82
101.40
102.75
107.36
110.33

89.69
96.23
100.26
102.01
108.38
109.56

90.98
98.00
101.16
102.51
107.95
110.66

89.87
98.70
101.82
102.92
108.80
109.04

PRODUCTION-WORKER
195 8
195 9
196 0
1961
1962
1963

2.27
2.37
2.45
2.50
2.56

2. 2 1
2.32
2.42
2.47
2.55
2.59

2.22
2.33
2.41
2.47
2.55
2.59

2.23
2.35
2.42
2.47
2.54
2.61

1958
1959
1 960
1961
196 2
1 963

40.5
41.9
41.7
42.0
42.5

40.6
41.3
41.9
41.6
42.1
42.6

40.4
41.3
41.6
41.3
42.5
42.3

40.8
41.7
41.8
41.5
42.5
42.4

PARTS,

N.E.C.*

2.23
2.35
2.43
2.48
2.56
2.59

68.5
77.7
84.7
82.6
87.6
93.9

except

40.3
42.0
41.9
41.5
42.5
42.1

ELECTRICAL -

SIC

AL L
1958
1 959
1960
1961
196 2
1963

45.5
49.5
49.0
46.6
51.7

48.2
47.0
52.4
44.9
50.0
53.9

46.9
48.0
53.0
44.0
50.0
53.5

91.08
99.54
102.83
104.25
109.57
110.76
AVERAGE

46.3
48.6
51.9
43.5
49.9
53.8

45.1
49.0
49.9
43.7
50 . 2
54.3

10.6
10.4
10.1
11.4

9.9
1 0.2
11.0
9.6
11.4
11.8

10.4
11 . 2
9.3
11.2
11.7

10.6
10.7
9.1
10.9
11.6

9.2
10.7
10 . 2
9.0
10.9
11 . 9

32.8
36. 1
35.2
33.7
38.3

35.3
34.5
38.3
31.9
36.9
40.3

34.3
35.2
38.7
31.0
36.9
39.9

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
196 3

91.37
99.78
99.39
102.66
109.62

87.14
97.34
101.22
100.35
107.74
112.83

88.14
97.58
100.32
99.70
107.17
110.54

33.8
35.8
37.6
30.6
36.7
40.0

32.5
36.0
35.5
30.7
36.8
40.5

PRODUCTION-WORKER




O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

2.26
2.37
2.46
2.50
2.56
2.60

2.27
2.38
2.45
2.50
2.56

88.59
101.01
98.01
100.69
107.59
110.92

89.60
100.35
94.41
101.68
109.04
110.54

90.05
100.86
102.24
105.00
109.23

9.9
10.0
1 1.0
11.5

8. 2
9.9
10.0
11 . 1
11.5

9.8
10.0
11.0
11.4

10.0
10.1
11 .3
1 1 .4

67.9
79.9
85.5
86.4
89.7

69.7
80.2
85.0
85.3
91.2

71.0
80.5
83.5
85.2
92.3

72.1
81.8
83.9
86.3
92.2

74.0
82.9
83.6
87 .1
91.5

93.38
99.42
101.93
106.85
108.54

93.32
99.90
103.49
107.35
108.97

94.48
100.32
102.09
107.78
109.65

95.82
102.12
103.00
108.79
111.54

40.3
42.4
42.0
42.1
42.5

IN D O L L A R S
91.66
99.78
101.19
102.50
107.95

IN D O L L A R S
2.28
2.37
2.45
2.50
2.54

2.30
2.39
2.48
2.52
2.56

2.31
2.39
2.47
2.52
2.57

2.31
2.40
2.46
2.53
2.58

2.32
2.42
2.47
2.53
2.60

40.2
42.1
41.3
41.0
42.5

40.6
41.6
41.1
42.4
42.4

40.4
41.8
41.9
42.6
42.4

40.9
41.8
41.5
42.6
42.5

41.3
42.2
41.7
43.0
42.9

44.4
48.3
48.1
48.0
52.1

45.0
50.9
47.7
48.8
53.2

45.1
52.0
47.3
46.5
53.6

46.0
50.7
46.5
49.2
53.7

46.6
51.4
46.0
49.6
54.0

10.2
10.5
10.6
1 1.5

10.7
10.2
11.0
11.8

9.9
11.3
10.3
10.3
11.9

10.9
1 0.2
11.1
11.8

10 .7
9.9
11.1
12 .0

31.5
34.5
34.4
3 5.1
38.5

2.24
2.39
2.44
2.50
2.57

< VERAGE WEEKLY
A

40.3
42.0
41.8
41.7
42.8
42.6

9.4
9.9
10.7
11.5

67.6
79.3
84.8
83.8
89.5

1 OURLY EARNINGS H

32 . 1
37.0
34.3
35.8
39.6

32.5
38.1
33.9
33.7
39.8

33.4
36.9
33.3
36.4
40.1

34.0
3 7 .5
32.8
36.6
40.3

94.07
100.67
99.38
105.66
111.67

89.17
99.42
100.37
101.59
112.52

94.83
96.80
99.70
103.17
111.22

97.76
100.08
101.09
108.36
114.59

HOURS

40.2
42.2
41.9
42.0
42.5

35 9 9
IN T H O U S A N D S

43.9
49.1
48.6
45.8
50.7
54.8

44.3
50.1
48.3
47.6
51.8

1 MPLOYEES E

10.5
1 0.1
9.7
10.9
11.6

31.5
35.9
34.7
33.0
37.4
40.6
A
i VERAGE
90.12
102.15
99.36
103.00
108.62
115.45

44.4
48.6
48.8
47.7
51.7

IN T H O U S A N D S

1 0.8
10.1
10 . 3
11.2

PRODUCTION WORKERS 195 8
1959
1960
1961
196 2
196 3

7.6
9.3
10.3
10.6
10.9

EARNINGS -

91.48
100.91
102.90
105.25
108.80

EMPLOYEES -

FEMALE
1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

S e p te m b e r

rHOUSANDS

IN
68.2
78.8
85.7
83.5
90.6

AVERAGE WEEKLY

PRODUCTION-WORKER

MACHINE

August

IN T H O U S A N D S

9.1
10.0
10.5
11.3

PRODUCTION1 WORKERS 1958
1959
196 0
1961
1962
196 3

J u ly

Ju n e

SIC 3 5 9 1 — C O N T I N U E D

9.2
10.4
10.4
10.5
li.l

IN T H O U S A N D S
31.7
36.5
34.0
34.6
38.5

WEEKLY

31.5
34.8
34.9
34.6
38.1

EARNINGS -

92.75
101.15
99.53
104.58
108.36

90.12
102.86
98.57
100.90
107.90

IN D O L L A R S
92.75
100.20
99.06
102.25
109.62

209

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

A p r il

M a rch

M ay

June

J u ly

August

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

Novem ber

D e ce m b er

MACHINE PARTS* N.E.C., EXCEPT ELECTRICAL - SIC 3599— CONTINUED
PRODUCTI ON-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.29
2.37
2.43
2.51
2.61

2.24
2.34
2.41
2.49
2.59
2.68

2.26
2.34
2.40
2.48
2.57
2.67

2.26
2.36
2.42
2.48
2.58
2.66

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.9
42.1
40.9
40.9
42.0

38.9
41.6
42.0
40.3
41.6
42.1

39.0
41.7
41.8
40.2
41.7
41.4

39.2
42.8
40.5
40.6
41.7
41.7

2.28
2.35
2.39
2.48
2.59
2.67

2.27
2.37
2.40
2.50
2.58
2.T1

2.29
2.38
2.41
2.52
2.58

2.29
2.38
2.44
2.50
2.61

2.30
2.42
2.46
2.54
2.64

2.31
2.39
2.46
2.49
2.66

2.33
2.39
2.48
2.56
2.68

2.35
2.40
2.49
2.58
2.69

40.5
42.1
40.6
40.9
42.0

2.27
2.37
2.41
2.51
2.60

40.9
41.6
40.4
41.6
42.3

38.6
41.6
40.8
40.8
42.3

40.7
40.5
40.2
40.3
41.5

41.6
41.7
40.6
42.0
42.6

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY" HOURS
39.3
42.7
39.5
41.0
42.1
41.4

39.7
43.1
41.4
41.2
42.1
42.6

40.5
42.5
41.3
41.5
42.0

39.7
43.4
40.9
40.2
41.5

ELEC T R IC A L EQ UIPM EN T AN D SUPPLIES - SIC 36
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1939
1940

441
494

412
474

417
471

422
473

422
472

420
475

424
479

429
482

434
495

453
503

480
516

489
532

485
549

1941
657
788
1942
1943 1*015
1944 1,087
979
1945

558
709
933
1,082
1,071

580
725
960
1,093
1,079

597
737
989
1,096
1,083

621
745
994
1,094
1,076

646
743
997
1,091
1,072

666
749
1,010
1,099
1,063

686
768
1,025
1,096
1,034

698
797
1,027
1,095
1,010

704
826
1,037
1,089
767

707
859
1,055
1,077
814

705
888
1,073
1,067
839

710
914
1,075
1,065
845

919
1946
1947 1,035
1948
991
1949
862
991
1950

846
1,068
1,037
947
882

647
1,071
1,030
930
903

701
1,070
1,020
906
917

843
1,023
996
875
935

907
1,004
979
840
953

939
1,026
977
817
961

959
1,002
965
799
972

990
1,007
967
805
1,017

1,022
1,021
979
835
1,043

1,044
1,034
983
858
1,092

1 ,059
1 ,044
984
853
1 ,106

1,066
1,046
972
873
1,110

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

i; 113.6
1,185.0
1,333.3
1,190.4
1,240.8

1,104.1
1,145.1
1,319.5
1,250.8
1,194.6

1,115.7
1,154.0
1,344.7
1,231.3
1,201.6

1,128.4
1,154.2
1,360.5
1,214.9
1,207.3

1,123.2
1,147.9
1,361.5
1,197.5
1,214.4

1,106.2
1,143.5
1,352.3
1,171.6
1,223.0

1,104.7
1,144.9
1,342.0
1,155.6
1,233.3

1,078.6
1,125.2
1,321.1
1,138.2
1,216.0

1,094.8
Is 160.7
1,333.1
1,154.6
1,241.6

1,111.4
1,211.9
1,339.6
1,173.6
1,268.3

1,118.2
1,247.8
1,332.0
1,188.4
1,308.8

1,132.8
1,277.6
1,311.9
1,204.6
1,286.9

1,144.6
1,307.1
1,281.5
1,204.1
1*293.6

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1,323.1
1,343.8
1,249.0
1,396.4
1,467.1

1,281.2
1,352.6
1,296.2
1,320.1
1,484.7

1,281.5
1,349.4
1,262.1
1,325.9
1,486.9

1,231.0
1,343.3
1,239.3
1,330.4
1,478.9

1,318.1
1,329.1
1,213.5
1,338.5
1,462.1

1,312.6
1,322.6
1,197.2
1,358.8
1,453.8

1,313.8
1,333.4
1,200.4
1,385.0
1,459.9

1,302.8
1,331.1
1,197.7
1,391.9
1,450.3

1,329.3
1,345.7
1,226.1
1,423.5
1,467.5

1,343.6
1,370.8
1,263.8
1,464.4
1,486.6

1,368.5
1,365.5
1,258.6
1,475.0
1,445.4

1 ,377.0
1,354.6
1,314.4
l ,462.8
1 ,476.6

1,367.3
1,327.5
1,318.4
1,480.3
1,452.8

1961 1,474.7 1,447.0 1,444.1 1,439.2 1,438.1 1,450.8 1,462.1 1,455.8 1,483.1 1,495.6 1,512.3 1,531.0 1,537.5
1962 1,579.2 1,534.6 1,544.5 1,549.8 1,556.0 1,563.9 1,585.5 1,580.1 1,590.3 1,607.8 1,613.6 1,614.3 1,610.4
1963
1,597.3 1,586.9 1,577.4 1,572.4 1,572.8
FEMALE EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1950

308.6

336.7

355.8

412.6

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

421.8
427.1
527.8
475.3
443.2

425.7
436.2
544.6
439.5
450.5

401.2
424.2
521.8
414.3
446.3

416.0
482.9
524.8
438.5
503.9

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

486.9
499.1
462.2
480.4
550.1

483.1
549.5

481.7
541.7

494.3
487.8
422.1
486.2
530.9

494.6
528.9

506.1
529.3

479.4
488.5
420.8
507.2
522.1

525.2
533.5

547.4
543.0

521.4
510.7
460.7
555.1
528.9

548.2
537.4

550.6
520.2

516.5
582.1
585.0

523.7
588.1
585.3

527.2
597.5

522.9
593.0

540.4
597.8

551.2
607.4

563.8
611.9

571.1
612.9

572.5
605.5

513.8
534.6

1961
1962
1963

536.8
593.7

520.5
572.3
597.9

517.0
576.4
590.2

514.8
579.8
586.6

1939
1940

327
375

299
357

305
354

309
355

309
354

309
358

313
361

317
363

323
375

338
384

364
398

374
412

369
425

1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

520
638
842
878
751

434
560
779
887
853

450
575
802
896
859

469
586
822
894
858

489
594
828
888
850

513
595
829
881
841

529
597
838
888
831

545
616
851
883
795

559
646
850
880
770

564
676
858
876
545

564
707
873
863
579

560
738
887
853
600

562
763
886
850
629

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS




210

Y to r

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A va ra g t

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

A p r il

M a rc h

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

August

S ep te m b e r

O c to b e r'

Novem ber

D e ce m b er

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES - SIC 36— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS— CONTINUED
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

704
810
761
638
770

633
843
807
720
661

476
845
799
702
683

642
805
765
647
716

522
843
789
678
696

690
787
749
617
736

716
798
746
595
744

731
776
734
577
751

764
782
736
585
798

793
794
749
614
823

813
810
754
636
870

830
819
757
633
882

841
819
747
652
884

1951
882.5
889.2
862.8
827.3
841.9
861.0
873.4
865.8
879.5
856.1
858.0
883.6
874.4
887.4
886.4
878.1
872.5
871.3
881.0
930.7
963.3
990.1 1,015.6
909.1
882.9
1952
849.5
1953 1,028.6 1,025.3 1,048.9 1,059.8 1,060.6 1,049.4 1 ,037.4 1,013.3 1,023.8 1,031.5 1,023.0 1,001.0
968.8
907.5
848.6
869.6
883.8
890.9
867.0
830.9
885.4
897.1
1954
939.4
922.2
848.2
898.6
895.2
897.0
899.9
906.2
913.9
893.8
918.8
944.9
985.5
971.6
975.4
1955
924.2
887.6
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

950.9
944.1
975.4
957.1
958.7
984.7
977.0
965.8
849.5
857.3
900.5
869.4
969.4
917.9
920.9
922.3
996.3 1,029.6 1,029.1 1,017.4

980.7
947.6
826.3
927.1
999.2

973.9
940.4
810.5
942.3
989.4

965.6
948.0
814.3
960.3
991.2

948.4
939.8
811.3
960.0
978.1

971.7
986.2 1,010.0 1,014.8 1,000.9
955.4
978.8
973.6
960.4
933.2
835.8
873.1
917.1
863.8
916.0
984.3 1,022.8 1,031.4 1,015.8 1,027.4
990.0 1,007.5
965.7
967.0
991.2

9*8.4
1961
960.6
985.6
980.5
960.8
953.5
947.6
959.3
967.3
999.8 1,015.5 1,032.3 1,035.4
1962 1,060.3 1,030.3 1,036.5 1,038.6 1,043.6 1,049.5 1,063.8 1,056.1 1,066.4 1,084.5 l,087.7 1,086.5 1,080.0
1963
1,069.1 1,057.7 1,049.9 1,047.7 1,048.8
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE i EEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
W
1947
1948
1949
1950

50.25
54.54
55.77
59.35

47.62
53.44
56.00
57.29

47.08
53.22
55.92
57. 06

48.03
53.08
55.55
57.11

47.52
52.55
54.62
57.47

49.08
52.39
54.86
58.00

50.60
53.56
55.03
57.39

50.99
54.14
55.02
58.08

50.55
55.96
55.70
58.77

52.25
56.38
56.68
60.05

52.92
56.90
56.86
62.62

53.03
56.88
56.26
62.66

54.10
57.06
57.37
63.59

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

64.27
67.98
70.99
71.24
74.89

62.10
67.72
70.89
69.56
72.94

62.21
67.48
70.86
71.02
73.53

62.78
67.73
71.38
70.49
73.71

63.19
66.42
71.04
69.38
74.30

63.60
66.42
70.18
70.31
74.66

64.43
67.16
70.99
70.88
74.30

63.27
65.11
69.77
70.35
73.63

63.90
67.16
70.82
70.84
74.52

65.25
69.47
70. 88
71.78
75.33

65.67
70.06
70.70
72.72
77.61

66.14
69.89
70.93
73.67
78.21

67.30
71.15
71.15
73.31
78.02

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

79.56
81.80
83.95
89.10
90.74

77.71
81.61
81.72
88.07
91.13

77.14
82.01
81.69
87.64
89.95

77.33
82.22
82.29
88.04
90.17

79.13
81.81
81.66
87.64
88.20

78.55
81.00
82.29
88.70
90.17

78.76
82.01
83.74
89.76
91.20

78.20
80.19
83.10
88.22
89.44

78.98
81.61
83.77
89.10
90.57

81.38
82.01
86.27
89.73
91.83

81.99
80.77
84.16
90.35
92.29

82.00
81.77
87.70
89.24
91.54

83.22
82.37
88.51
91.84
91.49

1961
1962
1963

94.47
97.44

92.73
95.91
97.93

92.73
95.91
98.09

92.50
96.39
97.84

92.73
97.44
96.87

93.37
97.68
98.74

94.71
98.16

93.46
96.72

94.71
97.20

93.77
99.22

96.05
98.49

96.93
98.66

1947
1948
1949
1950

1.247
1.360
1.412
1.444

1.170
1.313
1.407
1.411

1.174
1.314
1.412
1.409

1.183
1.317
1.417
1.410

1.185
1.317
1.415
1.412

1.230
1.323
1.414
1.418

1.265
1.339
1.411
1.417

1.278
1.374
1.418
1.427

1.283
1.399
1.421
1.430

1.290
1.406
1.417
1.447

1.297
1.412
1.404
1.484

1.303
1.408
1.403
1.499

1.310
1.409
1.413
1.514

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.56
1.65
1.74
1.79
1.84

1.50
1.62
1.70
1.77
1.81

1.51
1.63
1.72
1.78
1.82

1.52
1.64
1.72
1.78
1.82

1.53
1.64
1.72
1.77
1.83

1.54
1.64
1.72
1.78
1.83

1.56
1.65
1.74
1.79
1.83

1.57
1.64
1.74
1.79
1.85

1.57
1.65
1.74
1.78
1.84

1.58
1.67
1.75
1.79
1.86

1.59
1.68
1.75
1.80
1.87

1.59
1.68
1.76
1.81
1.88

1.61
1.69
1.77
1.81
1.88

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.95
2.04
2.12
2.20
2.28

1.90
2.02
2.09
2.18
2.25

1.90
2.02
2.10
2.18
2.26

1.90 s
2.03
2.11
2.19
2.26

1.93
2.03
2.11
2.18
2.25

1.93
2.02
2.11
2.19
2.26

1.94
2.03
2.12
2.20
2.28

1.95
2.02
2.12
2.20
2.27

1.95
2.03
2.11
2.2Q

1.99
2.05
2.12
2.22
2.29

2 .0 0

2 .0 2

2.07
2.16

2 . 2 i

1.98
2.04
2.13
2.21
2.29

2.30

2.08
2.18
2.24
2.34

1961
1962
1963

2.35
2.40

2.33
2.38
2.43

2.33
2.38
2.44

2.33
2.38
2.44

2.33
2.40
2.44

2.34
2.40
2.45

2.35
2.40

2.36
2.40

2.35
2.40

2.35
2.42

2.36
2.42

2.37
2.43

2.38
2.45

97.82
1 0 0 .2 1

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS

2 .2 2

PRODUCTION-WORKER i
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1947
1948
1949
1950

40.3
40.1
39.5
41.1

40.7
40.7
39.8
40.6

40.1
40.5
39.6
40.5

40.6
40.3
39.2
40.5

40.1
39.9
38.6
40.7

39.9
39.6
38.8
40.9

40.0
40.0
39.0
40.5

39.9
39.4
38.8
40.7

39.4
40.0
39.2
41.1

40.5
40.1
40.0
41.5

40.3
40.3
40.5
42.2

40.7
40.4
40.1
41.8

41.3
40.5
40.6
42.0

1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.2
41.2
40.8
39.8
40.7

41.4
41.8
41.7
39.3
40.3

41.2
41.4
41.2
39.9
40.4

41.3
41.3
41.5
39.6
40.5

41.3
40.5
41.3
39.2
40.6

41.3
40.5
40.8
39.5
40.8

41.3
40.7
40.8
39.6
40.6

40.3
39.7
40.1
39.3
39.8

40.7
40. i
40.7
39.8
40.5

41.3
41.6
40.5
40.1
40.5

41.3
41.7
40.4
40.4
41.5

41.6
41.6
40.3
40.7
41.6

41.8
42.1
40.2
40.5
41.5




211

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

M a rch

A p r il

Ju n e

M ay

A ugust

J u ly

S e p te m b e r

j

O cto b er

Novem ber

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES - SIC 36— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS— CONTINUED
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.8
40.1
39.6
40.5
39.8

40.9
40.4
39.1
40.4
40.5

40.6
40.6
38.9
40.2
39.8

40.7
40.5
39.0
40.2
39.9

41.0
40.3
38.7
40.2
39.2

40.7
40.1
39.0
40.5
39.9

40.6
40.4
39.5
40.8
40.0

40.1
39.7
39.2
40.1
39.4

40.5
40.2
39.7
40.5
39.9

41.1
40.2
40.5
40.6
40.1

41.2
39.4
39.7
40.7
40.3

41.0
39.5
40.6
40.2
39.8

41.2
39.6
40.6
41.0
39.1

1961
1962
1963

40.2
40.6

39.8
40.3
40.3

39.8
40.3
40.2

39.7
40.5
40.1

39.8
40.6
39.7

39.9
40.7
40.3

40.3
40.9

39.6
40.3

40.3
40.5

39.9
41.0

40.7
40.7

40.9
40.6

41.1
40.9

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

2.6
1.9
1.4
2.2
1.8

2.8
2.4
1.1
2.1
2.3

2.5
2.3
1.0
1.9
2.0

2.3
2.2
.9
2.0
1.9

2.6
2.0
•8
1.9
1.3

2.5
1.8
.9
2.1
1.7

2.4
2.0
1.1
2.4
1.8

2.0
1.7
1.2
2.1
1.5

2.5
2.1
1.6
2.5
1.9

2.9
2.0
2.2
2.6
2.1

3.1
1.7
2.0
2.5
2.1

2.9
1.5
2.1
2.1
1.7

2.8
1.3
2.3
2.5
1.9

1961
1962
1963

1.9
2.2

1.7
2.2
1.9

1.6
2.1
2.0

1.5
2.1
1.9

1.5
2.1
1.5

1.5
2.1
1.9

1.8
2.3

1.7
2.0

2.0
2.1

2.3
2.5

2.3
2.3

2.4
2.3

2.5
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.3
4.0
3.2
3.6
3.6

2.7
3.9
3.7
3.5
3.8
3.0

2.4
3.7
3.3
2.8
3.5
2.7

2.3
3.7
2.9
2.9
3.7
2.7

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.4
3.9
3.5
2.5
3.5
3.9
5.0
4.0
2.5
3.3
4.2
3.1
3.2
4.0
3.2
3.4
3.7
4.4
3.8
3.5
2.9
2.9

4.5
4.9
4.0
4.T
4.0

5.0
5.1
4.0
4.6
3.8

4.0
3.9
3.2
4.3
3.5

3.2
3.3
2.7
3.5
2.8

2.8
3.1
2.0
2.9
2.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
2.6
2.0
2.1
2.3

1.0
2.1
2.2
1.4
2.5
1.6

1.0
2.1
2.1
1.3
2.4
1.5

1.0
2.2
2.0
1.4
2.3
1.5

NEW HIRES
.9
2.1
1.5
1.5
2.4
1.6

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.0
1.6
1.5
3.5
2.4
2.8
2.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.6
2.3
3.2
2.6
2.2
1.7

2.1
3.6
2.4
2.9
2.6

2.6
3.9
2.5
3.1
2.7

2.4
2.9
2.1
3.0
2.3

1.9
2.0
1.5
2.4
1.7

1.5
1.6
l.C
1.8
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.5
3.2
3.5
3.3
3.3

5.4
3.1
3.1
3.9
3.0
3.7

4.2
2.7
3.3
3.2
3.1
3.1

4.4
2.9
3.8
3.5
3.4
3.6

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.6
4.2
3.6
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.8
3.0
3.8
3.4
3.6
3.2
2.8
2.8
3.1
3.1
2.9
3.1
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.0

3.2
3.6
3.5
3.1
3.9

3.1
4.2
4.0
4.1
4.0

3.2
4.0
3.3
3.3
3.4

2.4
3.4
3.7
3.1
3.1

2.6
3.0
3.4
3.1
2.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.4

.9
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.0

•8
1.0
1.1
.8
1.2
1.0

.8
1.1
1.2
.9
1.3
l.l

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
.9
.7
.8
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0
.9
.9
1.1
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.2

1.3
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.9

1.7
2.5
2.0
2.1
2.2

1.3
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.3

1.0
1.2
.9
1.2
l.l

.8
1.0
.7
1.0
.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.1
1.2
1.6
1.4
l.l

3.9
1.3
1.2
2.2
1.0
1.8

3.0
1.1
1.5
1.9
1.1
1.4

3.2
l.l
2.0
1.9
1.3
1.7

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.1
2.5
1.7
1.4
.9
.9
1.0
1.0
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
•9
.9
.9
1.3
1.3
1.2

1.4
1.1
1.3
.8
1.2

.9
.9
1.2
1.1
1.0

1.4
1.6
1.5
1.0
1.3

1.1
1.6
2.2
1.1
1.3

1.4
1.4
2.1
1.3
1.4

MALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 MALES
2.8
2.0
2.9
3.2
2.6
2.2
2.3
2.8
2.9
2.9
2.3

3.5
3.3
2.6
3.5
3.0

2.5
3.5
2 .6
2.8
2.7

2.9

MALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 MALES
3.6
2.3
2 .6
2 .6
3.3
2.9
2.3
2.7
2.3
2 .6
2.4

.7
•8
1.0
.7
1.0
•8

MALE QUITS PER 100 MALES
•6
.7
1.0
1.1
1.0
•8
.7
•8
1.0
1.0
.9

1 .1
1.3
.9
1 .1
1 .0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.6
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.0
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

*•3
2 .6
2 .6

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963




3.1
2*6

212

Year

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A ve ra g e

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

A p r il

M a rch

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

August

S ep te m b e r

O c to b e r

N ovem ber

D e ce m b e r

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES - SIC 36— CONTINUED

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

3.4
5.0
4.3
4.3
5.2
4.2

FEMALE ACCESSIONS PER 100 FEMALES
3.4
4.9
4.6
5.5
3.2
4.0
4.8
4.5
5.0
4.5
4.0

5.1
5.0
4.2
5.7
4.3

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

7.6
4.0
4.1
5.1
3.8
5.2

FEMALE SEPARATIONS PER 100 FEMALES
5.6
3.3
3.5
3.7
4.9
3.6
3.9
3.7
4.1
4.3
4.3

4.4
4.8
4.6
4.1
4.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.6
1.5

FEMALE QUITS PER 100 FEMALES
1.1
1.3
1.6
2.0
1.6
1.6
1.2
1.5
1.8
1.9
1.5

1.8
2.2
1.6
1.9
1.9

ELECTRIC DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT - SIC 361
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

147.3
157.0
163.6
162.8
167.8

157.9
151.0
164.2
161.8
164.8
168.9

152.7
147.8
166.4
160.6
165.6
168.0

148.8
148.0
166.3
159.4
165.0
167.4

145.7
148.9
165.6
159.5
165.6
167.6

142.8
153.9
164.3
159.8
165.3
167.8

141.6
157.4
164.0
162.0
168.3

142.2
157.9
163.6
162.7
168.2

144.6
161.1
164.4
165.0
169.7

145.8
164.1
165.0
164.6
170.0

146.6
165.0
154.5
165.7
170.4

148.5
163.5
162.2
165.9
170.6

150.7
165.4
162.9
166.6
170.3

47.9
49.0
49.5
53.8

49.0
49.4
49.2
53.9

42.5
49.7
47.3
50.1
53.9

48.8
48.7
50.6
54.1

50.2
49.3
51.1
53.6

94.5
108.2
108.3
108.0
113.1

95.7
111.1
109.2
108 #3
113.5

96.5
111.6
100.6
109.0
113.6

98.1
109.8
106.3
109.5
113.9

99.7
111.5
107.2
110.5
113.3

91.71
96.87
96.88
101.15
104.60

93.03
97.27
98.40
102.31
104.75

94.19
100.02
99.50
102.66
107.12

FEMALE 1
EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

46.8
49.4
49.2
52.9

44.1
44.4
50.1
48.7
50.9
‘ 53.0

44.4
50.9
48.4
52.0
52.0

43.9
50.4
48.1
52.3
51.3

39.4
44.5
50.3
48.0
52.3
51.5

45.6
49.5
48.6
52.2
51.3

46.9
49.4
49.2
53.3

38.9
46.5
48.8
48.5
52.7

PRODUCTION WORKERS - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

96.6
104.9
108.5
106.7
111.3

104.8
100.7
110.4
106.3
108.8
112.3

100.4
97.2
111.7
105.1
109.4
111.1

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

90.91
95.65
98. 17
101.00
102.87

89.10
92.06
97.27
99.79
98.85
102.91

89.04
92.23
96.88
99.79
99.35
104.23

97.4
97.2
111.3
103.8
109.0
110.4

94.8
98.0
110.5
103.7
109.4
110.9

92.7
102.5
109.4
103.9
108.7
110.8

92.1
105.4
109.0
105.6
111.9

92.4
105.6
107.8
106.2
111.2

PRODUCT ION— WORKER - VERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
A
89.67
93.09
98.33
99.45
99.70
104.78

89.60
93.73
96.24
99.85
100.50
103.34

89.83
95.06
97.85
100.35
102.72
106.11

91.37
97.29
98.49
100.60
104.39

90.91
95.65
98.42
101.15
103.94

89.67
95.94
98.01
101.50
102.97

91.83
96.76
98.82
101.66
105.22

PRODUCTION-WORKER i VERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
A
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

2.29
2.35
2.43
2.50
2.54

2.25
2.29
2.39
2.47
2.49
2.56

2.26
2.30
2.41
2.47
2.49
2.58

2.27
2.31
2.41
2.48
2.48
2.60

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

39.7
40.7
40.4
40.4
40.5

39.6
40.2
40.7
40.4
39.7
40.2

39.4
40.1
40.2
40.4
39.9
40.4

39.5
40.3
40.8
40.1
40.2
40.3

2.28
2.32
2.40
2.49
2.50
2.59

2.28
2.33
2.41
2.49
2.53
2.62

2.29
2.35
2.42
2.49
2.54

2.29
2.35
2.43
2.51
2.56

2.27
2.34
2.42
2.50
2.53

2.29
2.36
2.44
2.51
2.56

2.31
2.38
2.41
2.51
2.57

2.32
2.39
2.46
2.52
2.58

2.32
2.41
2.50
2.51
2.60

39.5
41.0
40.5
40.6
40.7

40.1
41.0
40.5
40.5
41.1

39.7
40.7
40.2
40.3
40.7

40.1
40.7
40.0
40.6
40.6

40.6
41.5
39.8
40.9
41.2

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS




39.3
40.4
40.1
40.1
40.2
39.9

39.4
40.8
40.6
40.3
40.6
40.5

39.9
41.4
40.7
40.4
41.1

39.7
40.7
40.5
40.3
40.6

213

EM P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STA TISTICS-UNITED STATES
Annual
A v e ra g e

Ja n u a ry

F e b ru a ry

M a rch

A p r il

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

August

S e p te m b e r

O c to b e r

Novem ber

D e ce m b er

ELECTRIC DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT - SIC 361— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY OVERTIME HOURS
1.4
2.4
1.9
1.9
2.2

1.3
2.5
1.8
2.0
2.0

1.8
2.5
2.2
2.0
2.4

1.5
2.4
2.0
1.9
2.3

1.9
2.2
1.7
2.0
2.2

2.0
2.6
2.0
2.2
2.5

1.3
2.8
2.0
2.0
2.3
1.9

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
1.5
2.3
2.4
1.4
2.8
3.4
4.6
3.3
1.6
2.9
2.3
1.7
1.8
2.5
3.6
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.8
2.3
2.0
2.0

2.6
3.9
2.4
2.4
2.5

2.8
3.7
2.6
2.6
2.4

2.7
2.6
2.0
2.6
2.4

2.1
2.0
1.8
2.1
2.0

2.0
1.8
1.4
1.8
1.4

.5
1.8
1.7
1.0
1.7
1.1

.6
1.8
1.3
1.2
1.6
1.0

NEW HIRES
.5
1.8
1.1
1.0
1.6
1.1

PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
.7
1.1
1.9
3.1
2.2
1.4
2.0
l.l
1.6
1.3
2.1
1.6
2.0
1.7
1.2

1.3
2.8
1.7
1.8
1.7

1.6
2.7
1.8
1.8
1.6

1.6
1.9
1.5
1.8
1.6

1.4
1.3
1.0
1.4
1.4

1.0
1.1
•8
1.1
•8

4.0
2.3
2.3
3.3
2.7
2.8

3.3
2.2
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.4

3.5
2.1
2.4
2.7
2.7
2.5

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.6
3.8
2.4
2.4
1.9
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.6
1.8
2.4
2.6
1.8
2.1
1.8
2.2
1.9
2.5
2.3
2.9
2.3
2.4

2.5
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.8

3.0
3.2
3.4
3.1
2.9

2.6
2.4
2.2
2.4
2.1

1.9
1.8
2.2
2.1
2.2

1.5
1.7
2.2
2.3
2.1

.7
1.1
.9
.9
1.0

.8
.9
.9
.7
.9
.9

.6
.8
.9
•6
•8
•8

.6
.9
.9
.7
1.0
•8

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
•6
.6
.6
.6
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.0
.8
.9
1.0
.7
.9
.8
.7
.9
1.0
1.0
1.2
.8
.9

.9
1.4
1.1
1.2
1.4

1.2
2.1
1.6
1.8
1.5

.8
1.1
•8
.9
.9

.7
.8
•6
.7
•8

.6
.7
.6
.8
.6

1.8
.5
.8
.9
.8

2.7
.8
.7
1.9
1.0
1.3

2.3
•8
•6
1.1
.7
1.0

2.5
.6
.8
1.4
1.0
1.2

1.2
.2
•6
.8
.7

1.4
•4
1 .0
•6
.7

1.3
.7
•8
.7
.6

.8
.5
1.0
.8
.8

•6
.5
1.1
•8
.9

39.7
47.2
51.0
53.8
57.8

40.3
48.2
51.2
53.6
57.8

40.9
48.5
48.6
54.2
57.6

42.0
49.3
49.3
54.4
57.8

43.1
49.6
51.7
55.1
58.0

20*6
21.8
22.3
24.9

21.2
21.9
21.9
25.0

17.3
21.4
20.9
22.4
25.1

21.8
21.3
22.8
25.1

22.1
22.2
23.2
25.0

26.9
32.8
34.3
35.5
38.9

27.5
33.8
34.7
35.5
38.9

28.2
33.8
32.6
35.8
38.6

29.0
34.4
32.6
36.2
38.8

29.9
34.6
34.9
36.9
38.8

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.4
2.2
1.9
1.8
2.0

1.3
1.6
2.2
1.6
1.5
1.5

1.0
1.7
2.0
1.6
1.6
1.8

1.1
1.7
2.0
1.6
1.6
1.8

1953
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963

2.0
3.0
2.1
2.3
2.3

1.3
2.6
2.5
1.8
2.8
1.9

1.1
2.8
2.4
1.7
2.3
1.7

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
2.0
1.4
1.4
1.6

•8
1.6
1.7
1.0
2.1
1.2

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2.9
2.2
2.4
2.4
2.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.9
1.4
1.6
1.6
1.5

1.0
2.1
1.8
1.5
1.9
1.9

1.4
2.4
1.9
2.0
2.2

LAYOFFS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.7
2.8
1.4
.5
.5
•2
.8
1.1
1.0
.9
•6
.7
•8
•8
.8
1 .0
1 .1

1.5
.5
.4
.5
.4

ELECTRIC MEASURING INSTRUMENTS - SIC 3611
ALL EMPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

40.2
46.2
50.4
52.8
56.8

42.8
43.8
49.6
51.6
54.6
57.2

41.0
43.9
50.3
51.8
55.7
56.6

39.7
43.9
50.3
51.4
56.2
56.0

38.6
44.0
50.2
51.1
56.2
55.9

38.0
44.8
50.5
51.3
56.2
55.3

38.2
46.1
50.9
52.4
56.8

38.5
45.4
51.2
52.7
57.1

E
FEMALE I MPLOYEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

20.1
21.8
22.1
24.4

18.0
18.7
21.7
22.0
23.0
24.5

18.9
21.9
22.2
23.8
24.0

18.8
21.7
21.9
24.0
23.3

27.9
30.5
34.8
34.9
37.2
37.7

26.9
30.4
34.6
34.1
37.5
37.0

15.8
18.9
21.9
21.6
24.0
23.3

19.4
22.0
21.8
24.0
23.0

19.9
22.1
21.9
24.5

15.6
19.5
21.9
21.7
24.4

PRODUCTION WORKERS - I N THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

27.4
32.1
34.3
35.0
38.0




29.5
30.5
34.6
34.9
36.3
38.4

26.1
30.4
34.4
33.6
37.6
36.9

25.6
30.9
34.6
33.8
37.4
36.5

25.7
31.8
34.6
34.5
37.9

26.0
31.2
34.6
34.7
38.0

214

V—

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Am m o!
F e b ru a r y

A vw ag*

M a rc h

A p r il

M ay

Ju n e

J u ly

August

S e p te m b e r |

O c to b e r «" N o v e m b e r

ELECTRIC MEASURING INSTRUMENTS - SIC 3611— CONTINUED
PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

64.95
66.99
68.68
67.82
69.70

59.50
67.04
68.47
67.16
67.82

63.84
66.98
69.19
68.34
68.25

63.69
66.26
69.19
67.47
69.17

64.68
65.45
67.87
66.74
68.60

64.48
66.50
67.43
67.64
70.00

63.55
66.26
68.04
68.16
69.65

64.58
64.32
68.06
67.77
67.60

66.04
65.77
68.17
68.34
69.43

66.20
67.57
69.26
69.65
67.06

66.62
67.24
70.82
70.00
71.06

67.10
68.72
69.03
69.30
71.96

68.48
68.97
69.77
67.12
72.72

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

74.77
76.24
80.19
84.03
85.57

72.27
74.66
75.66
82.82
85.22

72.22
76.22
76.23
83.02
86.24

71.64
75.65
77.01
83.42
86.46

75.14
75.85
77.00
84.44
84.96

74.59
75.84
78.58
82.81
86.46

77.23
77.59
81.19
84.24
86.22

73.47
76.43
81.16
82.76
85.93

74.77
76.44
79.18
83.82
84.74

76.14
77.22
83.02
83.42
84.50

76.59
76.64
81.97
85.86
84.50

75.65
77.62
85.06
86.71
85.54

77.78
76.24
86.32
87.35
85.80

1961
1962
1963

90.00
92.86

88.13
91.37
93.83

88.00
92.06
93.77

87.74
91.66
94.49

88.75
92.69
92.28

88.75
92.23
92.43

88.93
92.69

88.93
93.09

91.76
92.46

91.71
93.90

90.29
93.20

92.23
94.24

93.02
94.54

PRODUCTION-WORKER t
AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS - IN DOLLARS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

1.55
1.63
1.70
1.73
1.76

1.42
1.60
1.67
1.74
1.73

1.52
1.61
1.70
1.73
1.75

1.52
1.62
1.70
1.73
1.76

1.54
1.62
1.68
1.72
1.75

1.55
1.63
1.69
1.73
1.75

1.55
1.62
1.68
1.73
1.75

1.56
1.60
1.71
1.72
1.72

1.58
1.62
1.70
1.73
1.74

1.58
1.64
1.71
1.75
1.76

1.59
1.64
1.74
1.75
1.79

1.59
1.66
1.73
1.75
1.79

1.60
1.65
1.74
1.73
1.80

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

1.86
1.93
2.03
2.08
2.15

1.78
1.89
1.96
2.04
2.12

1.81
1.92
1.98
2.06
2.14

1.80
1.92
1.99
2.07
2.14

1.86
1.93
2.00
2.09
2.14

1.86
1.92
2.02
2.06
2.14

1.87
1.93
2.04
2.08
2.15

1.86
1.93
2.06
2.09
2.17

1.86
1.94
2.02
2.08
2.14

1.88
1.96
. 2.06
2.07
2.15

1.91
1.95
2.07
2.12
2.15

1.92
1.96
2.09
2.12
2.16

1.93
1.96
2.09
2.11
2.20

1961
1962
1963

2.25
2.31

2.22
2.29
2.34

2.20
2.29
2.35

2.21
2.28
2.38

2.23
2.30
2.36

2.23
2.30
2.37

2.24
2.30

2.24
2.31

2.26
2.30

2.27
2.33

2.28
2.33

2.30
2.35

2.28
2.34

PRODUCTION-WORKER AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

41.9
41.1
40.4
39.2
39.6

41.9
41.9
41.0
38.6
39.2

42.0
41.6
40.7
39.5
39.0

41.9
40.9
40.7
39.0
39.3

42.0
40.4
40.4
38.8
39.2

41.6
40.8
39.9
39.1
40.0

41.0
40.9
40.5
39.4
39.8

41.4
40.2
39.8
39.4
39.3

41.8
40.6
40.1
39.5
39.9

41.9
41.2
40.5
39.8
38.1

41.9
41.0
40.7
40.0
39.7

42.2
41.4
39.9
39.6
40.2

42.8
41.8
40.1
38.8
40.4

1956
1957
1958
1959
1960

40.2
39.5
39.5
40.4
39.8

40.6
39.5
38.6
40.6
40.2

39.9
39.7
38.5
40.3
40.3

39.8
39.4
38.7
40.3
40.4

40.4
39.3
38.5
40.4
39.7

60.1
39.5
38.9
40.2
40.4

41.3
40.2
39.8
40.5
40.1

39.5
39.6
39.4
39.6
39.6

40.2
39.4
39.2
40.3
39.6

40.5
39.4
40.3
40.3
39.3

40.1
39.3
39.6
40.5
39.3

39.4
39.6
40.7
40.9
39.6

40.3
38.9
41.3
41.4
39.0

1961
1962
1963

40.0
40.2

39.7
39.9
40.1

40.0
40.2
39.9

39.7
40.2
39.7

39.8
40.3
39.1

39.8
40.1
39.0

39.7
40.3

39.7
40.3

40.6
40.2

40.4
40.3

39.6
40.0

40.1
40.1

40.8
40.4

1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963

3.0
3.7
3.2
3.1
3.0

1.9
3.6
3.2
2.8
4.2
2.1

1.6
3.6
3.0
2.3
3.1
1.5

1.9
3.3
2.7
3.1
3.0
2.0

ACCESSIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
2.3
2.8
2.0
4.4
3.0
6.1
4.1
3.3
2.1
2.6
5.0
3.5
2.6
2.8
5.0
3.4
3.2
2.7
3.5
3.2
1.9
1.7

3.6
4.5
3.9
3.5
3.2

4.7
4.0
4.0
3.3
3.0

4.1
3.4
3.0
3.7
2.7

3.3
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.9

3.2
2.0
2.3
2.4
1.4

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.6
2.7
2.3
2.2
2.3

1.4
2.7
2.5
2.0
3.4
1.5

•8
2.7
2*3
1.7
2.4
1.1

1.1
2.6
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.1

NEW HIRES PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.9
2.1
1.5
1.1
2.6
2.1
2.5
4.3
1.5
1.9
3.8
2.3
1.7
2.1
3.2
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.5
2.6
1.1
1.1

1.9
3.6
3.0
2.8
2.4

2.6
3.1
2.6
2.5
2.1

2.4
2.5
2.3
2.7
2.0

2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.3

1.7
1.2
1.6
1.8
1.0

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

3.2
2.7
3.0
2.8
2.8

5.5
2.5
2.7
3.4
3.1
3.4

3.9
2.9
2.6
2.5
2.5
3.0

4.1
2.3
2.8
3.2
3.2
3.9

SEPARATIONS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
3.5
4.5
2.3
2.2
2.8
3.0
2.3
2.6
2.9
2.7
4.1
2.4
2.5
2.3
2.1
2.8
2.5
2.6
3.3
2.1
3.1
4.1

2.8
2.9
3.3
3.3
3.3

3.8
4.4
5.6
4.0
4.3

2.3
2.6
2.4
2.8
2.4

2.0
2.1
2.2
2.0
2.1

1.6
1.9
1.8
2.7
2.5

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1.0
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.4

l.l
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.2

.7
1.1
1.2
•8
1.1
l.l

•8
1.0
1.1

QUITS PER 100 EMPLOYEES
.8
.8
.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.3
.9
1.0
1.3
l.l
1.2
1.3
1.6
1.4
.9
1.4

1.5
1.7
1.5
1.6
2.1

2.1
3.0
2.7
2.7
2.3

1.0
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.1

.9
1.0
•8
.9
1.0

•8
1.0
.7
1.1
•8




1 .0

1.2
1 .0

215

E M P LO Y M E N T A N D EA R N IN G S STATISTICS-UNITED STATES
Year

Annual
Average

January

February

March

Arl
pi

May

June

August

Ju y
l

September

October

November

E L E C T R IC M E A S U R IN G IN S TR U M E N TS - S IC 3 6 1 1 — C O N TIN U E D

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1 .7
.6
1 .0
1.0

•8

3 .7
.6
.7
1 .4
1 .1
1 .5

2 .5
1 .2
.8
1 .2
.7
1 .4

2 .6
•6
.8
1 .5
1 .3
2 .1

LA Y O F F S PER 1 0 0 EM PLO YEES
2 .3
1 .0
3 .2
.9
•6
.3
.9
1 .9
1 .0
1 .0
.6
1 .0
.8
.7
.7
1 .5
2 .2

.9
.4
.9
1 .0
.6

l.l
.7
1 .9
.6
1 .4

.7
.5
.7
.7
.7

•6
.5
.9
.6
•6

•4
•4
.6
1 .0
.8

4 0 .8
4 5 .0
4 4 .8
4 2 .9
4 2 .6

4 1 .4
4 5 .8
4 4 .7
4 2 .8
4 2 .8

4 1 .6
4 5 .8
4 2 .1
4 2 .7
4 2 .8

4 2 .0
4 4 .5
4 4 .3
4 2 .4
4 2 .7

4 2 .2
4 5 .5
4 3 .6
4 2 .4
4 2 .3

1 0 .4
1 0 .2
1 0 .3
1 1 .1

1 0 .6
1 0 .4
1 0 .4
1 1 .1

1 0 .1
1 0 .8
1 0 .1
1 0 .6
1 1 .1

9 .8
1 0 .4
1 0 .6
1 0 .9

1 0 .5
1 0 .2
1 0 .6
1 C .7

2 6 .7
3 0 .4
2 9 .9
2 8 .8
2 9 .2

2 7 .3
3 0 .9
2 9 .8
2 8 .8
2 9 .3

2 7 .5
3 0 .9
2 7 .4
2 8 .6
2 9 .2

2 7 .9
2 9 .6
2 9 .5
2 3 .4
2 9 .2

2 8 .1
3 0 .6
2 3 .8
2 8 .5
2 8 .8

.9
.5

.6
.8
.2

POWER AND D IS T R IB U T IO N TRANSFO RM ERS - S IC 3 6 1 2
A L L EM PLO YEES - IN THOUSANDS
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

4 1 .7
4 3 .2
4 4 .7
4 2 .3
4 2 .2

4 4 .7
4 2 .4
4 4 .6
4 2 .7
4 2 .0
4 1 .8

1 0 .3
1 0 .5
1 0 .2
1 0 .8

1 0 .2
1 0 .4
1 0 .8
1 0 .0
1 0 .6
1 0 .6

4 3 .3
3 9 .4
4 5 .9
4 1 .9
4 1 .8
4 1 .7

4 2 .3
3 9 .6
4 6 .0
4 1 .6
4 0 .6
4 1 .9

4 1 .4
3 9 .7
4 5 .9
4 1 .6
4 1 .7
4 2 .1

4 0 .4
4 3 .0
4 5 .2
4 1 .8
4 2 .1
4 2 .6

4 0 .2
4 3 .9
4 4 .9
4 1 .8
4 2 .6

IN THOUSANDS

FE M A LE EM PLO YEES 1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

1 0 .1
1 1 .1
9 .8
1 0 .6
1 0 .3

9 .9
1 0 .9
9 .9
1 0 .4
1 0 .3

9 .1
1 0 .0
1 0 .9
9 .9
1 0 .5
1 0 .3

1 0 .2
1 0 .4
1 0 .1
1 0 .8
1 0 .4

1 0 .4
1 0 .3
1 0 .4
1 0 .9

P R O D U C TIO N WORKERS 1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963

2 7 .3
2 8 .7
2 9 .8
2 8 .1
2 8 .6

2 9 .5
2 8 .2
2 9 .6
2 8 .2
2 8 .2
2 8 .4

2 8 .2
2 5 .1
3 0 .8
2 7 .4
2 8 .0
2 8 .2

2 7 .4
2 5 .2
3 0 .9
2 7 .3
2 7 .2
2 8 .4

2 6 .7
2 5 .4
3 0 .8
2 7 .5
2 8 .1
2 8 .8

2 6 .0
2 8 .6
3 0 .3
2 7 .6
2 8 .3
2 9 .2

4 0 .1
4 4 .1
4 4 .4
4 2 .5
4 2 .4

9 .1
1 0 .3
1 0 .1
1 0 .3
1 0 .7

IN THOUSANDS
2 6 .0
2 9 .5
3 0 .1
2 7 .7
2 9 .1

2 5 .9
2 9 .5
2 9 .5
2 8 .4
2 8 .7

P R O D U C TIO N -W O R K E R AVERAG E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S - IN D O LLA R S
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955

6 8 .1 4
7 1 .2 3
7 5 .5 2
7 7 .1 8
8 2 .7 8

6 5 .2 1
7 1 .8 2
7 4 .8 0
7 4 .6 8
8 0 .7 0

6 4 .1 5
7 1 .8 0
7 4 .6 6
7 5 .0 6
8 1 .3 4

6 5 .4 5
7 2 .2 8
7 6 .5 9
7 6 .9 9
8 0 .9 3

6 7 .3 0
7 1 .4 0
7 5 .8 1
7 5 .2 6
8 3 .1 3

7 0 .3 0
7 0 .3 0
7 6 .6 3
7 7 .9 9
8 2 .9 4

6 9 .8 9
6 9 .4 3
7 5 .6 2
7 7 .3 8
8 4 .9 4

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .9 0
7 4 .7 7
7 5 .8 3
8 2 .8 0

6 8 .0 6
6 8 .4 0
7 5 .1 7
7 7 .7 6
8 1 .5 8

6 8 .7 1
7 1 .5 1
7 5 .3 9