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Employment
and Earnings
SEPTEMBER 1954

VOL. 1 NO. 3
CONTENTS

Seasonally-adjusted
indexes of employment....
Two

new

tables

showing

seasonally-adjusted indexes of
current employment

have

been

ANNOUNCJ'ENT..........................................
EUPLOYtEI'TTREmS......................................
Table 1: Employees in nonagricultural establishments,
by industry division and selected groups..........
Table 2: Production workers in manufacturing, by major
industry group................................
Table 3: Hours and gross earnings of production workers in
manufacturing, by major industry group............
Table 4: Index of employees in nonagricultural establishments,
by industry division, seasonally adjusted..........
Table 5: Index of production workers in manufacturing, by
major industry group, seasonally adjusted..........

Pa ge

ii
Mi
v
vi
vii
viii
viii

C URRENT STAT! S T! CS

added to the Employment Trends
section.

Indexes

for total

employment

industry

division

are

shown
in each

as well as

for the production workers in
manufacturing, by major indus­
try group.

See story on page

ii.

A.-EIiPLOYTENT AND PAYROLL
Table A-l: Emoloyees in nonagricultural establishments,
by industry division.......................
Table A-2: Employees in nonarricultural establishments,
by industry division and group...............
Table A-3: All emoloyees and production workers in mining
and manufacturing industries.................
Table A-4: Indexes of production-worker employment and weekly
payroll in manufacturing....................
Table A-5: Employees in Government and private shipyards,
by region................................
Table A-6: Federal civilian employment...................
Table A-7: Emoloyees in nonagricultural establishments,
by industry division and State...............
Table A-8: Employees in nonagricultural establishments for
selected areas, by industry division..........
B.-LABOR TURNOVER
Table B-l: f'bnthly labor turnover rates in manufacturing,
by class of turnover.......................
Table B-2: Monthly labor turnover rates in selected groups
and industries............................
C.-HOURS AND EARNINGS
Table C-l: Hours and gross earnings of production workers
or nonsupervisory employees..................
Table C-2: Gross average weelily earnings in selected
industries, in current and 1947-49 dollars.....
Table C-3: Gross and net spendable average weekly earnings in
manufacturing, in current and 1947-49 dollars...
Table C-4: Average hourly earnings, gross and excluding
overtime, in manufacturing................ .
Table C-5: Indexes of aggregate weelily man-hours in
industrial and construction activity..........
Table C-6: Hours and gross earnings in manufacturing for
selected States and areas...................
NOTE: Data for July 1954 are preliminary.

1
2
A
9
10
11
12
15

23
24
29
37
37
38
39
41

CHART

Gross average hourly earnings in manufacturing..............
For sale by the Superintendent
of Documents, U. S. Government
Printing Office, Washington 25
D. C.
Price 20 cents (single
copy). Subscription Price: ^3
a year; ^1 additional for for­
eign mailing.
Single copies
vary in price.




28

E X P L A N A T O R Y NOTE S

INTRODUCTION..........................................
1-E
SECTION A - Employment..................................
1-E
B - Labor Turnover...............................
4-E
C - Hours and Earnings............................
4-E
D - Glossary....................................
7-E
LIST OF COOPERATING STATE AGENCIES............... Inside back cover

other than seasonal change.

SEASONALLY-ADJUSTED
INDEXES OF EMPLOYMENT

indexes

Beginning with this issue of Employment and

employment

Earnings.

monthly indexes of employment

adjusted for

seasonal

on a current

basis in two

added to the

Employment

presents indexes of

estimates

Trends

which have been
section.

Table 4

seasonally-adjusted employment

associate the current
level

with

average

Employment

variation have been computed and published for many
years by the

Board

of

Reserve System based

Board was a pioneer in the

adjusted
turing by

production-worker
major

employment in manufac­

industry group.

for the indexes is the average
for 1947-^49.

The base period

monthly

employment

detail shown in these tables will

be available on request in the near future.
The Inclusion of
conveniently

available

these

lytical tool for appraising
in employment.

Many

tables

now

makes

this important ana­

month-to-month changes

employment

series reflect a

recurring seasonal movement which can be

measured on the basis of past experience.
inating that part of the

ation, it is possible to
nonseasonal




clarify the

seasonal vari­
cyclical and

movements in the series.

the seasonally-adjusted
ment of the monthly

By elim­

Thus,

indexes provide a measure­

movement

arising from factors

Statistics.

data

of the

The Federal Reserve

development

time

been a

leading

has

Federal

series,

of season­
and through

exponent

of their

utility.
In October,
will assume the

the adjusted

the Bureau of Labor Statistics

function

of computing the season­

estimates and the indexes based upon
data.

Beginning

with

the

October

issue of Employment and Earnings the data in tables
4 and 5 will be indexes of
estimates of employment.

BLS seasonally-adjusted
Indexes in this issue are

derived from Federal Reserve Board estimates.
sonally-adjusted

aggregates

will

continue

Seato be

published in the Federal Reserve Bulletin.

monthly change in employ­

ment which can be ascribed to usual

other

the years

of the

employment

economic

ally-adjusted

to users of the comprehen­

sive statistics in the report,

regularly

ally-adjusted

Historical indexes from January 1947

for the industry

Labor

on

sion and table 5

seasonally-

of

Governors

Bureau

indexes of

employment in the

estimates adjusted for seasonal

in nonagricultural establishments by industry divi­
presents

seasonally-adjusted

base period.

variation will be published
tables

At the same time, the

BLS
Governors

has adopted the policy of the Board of
for

continuing

scrutiny of monthly ad­

justment factors, modifications being introduced as
needed.

For the immediate

future BLS will use the

factors which have been developed by the
were in use in September 1954.

Board and

Emptoyment Trends
NONFARM EM PLO YM EN T UP SLIGHTLY
IN AUGUST
The num ber o f nonfarm job s in cre a s e d by about
180, 000 betw een July and August 1954, a ccord in g to
e m p lo y e r s ' re p o rts to the U. S. D epartm ent of
L a b o r 's Bureau o f L abor S tatistics. Seasonal in ­
c r e a s e s in nondurable goods m anufacturing and
con stru ction w ere la rg e ly resp on sib le fo r the o v e r the-m onth em ploym ent gain. Em ploym ent usually
r is e s between these two months as m anufacturing
establishm ents reopen after vacation shutdowns.
This y ea r the r is e in m anufacturing was quite
g en era l, with only the autom obile industry showing
a sharp d eclin e . The o v e ra ll in cre a s e in m anufac­
turing, as in total nonagricultu ral em ploym ent, w as
slightly le s s than season al.
N onfarm wage and sa la ry em ploym ent, at 48. 0
m illion in August, was about 2 m illion low er than a
year e a r lie r but higher than in any other postw ar
y ea r, with the exception o f 1952.
A sea son al in cr e a s e o f about a third of an hour
in the fa c to r y w orkw eek brought w eekly earnings in
m anufacturing up to $71. 06.
NONDURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING
E M PLO YM EN T SHOWS SEASONAL GAINS

the tran sp ortation equipm ent industry reported a
sizab le em ploym ent l o s s - - 3 3 , 000 w o rk e r s. This
was a lm ost en tirely a resu lt o f reductions in the
autom obile industry.
On the other hand, the e le c tr ic a l m ach in ery
group rep orted an in cr e a s e o f 32, 000 w o rk e r s,
w ell above its usual r is e at this tim e o f y ear. A l­
m ost a ll o f the im provem en t in this industry group
was in plants w hich p rod u ce ra d ios, te le v is io n s,
and m ilita ry e le c tr o n ic s equipm ent and com ponents.
The furniture in du stry, w hich rep orted an em ­
ploym ent in cr e a s e o f about 9, 000 w o rk e r s , co n ­
tinued to follow the m od era te uptrend o f the past
few m onths, w hile the 11, 000 d eclin e in m ach in ery
em ploym ent was le s s than the drop usual for this
tim e o f y e a r .
NONMANUFACTURING EM PLO YM EN T TO TA L
F A L L S O FF SLIGHTLY
Nonm anufacturing establishm ents reduced em ­
ploym ent som ewhat betw een July and August 1954.
The o v e r-th e -m o n th reduction this y ea r was la rg e r
than in m ost postw ar y e a r s , as em ploym ent in r e ­
tail and w h olesale trade establishm ents fe ll m ore
than usual and both tran sportation and mining
a lso d eclin ed although an in cre a s e is usual in
August.

F a c to r y em ploym ent at 15. 9 m illion in August
1954 was about 240, 000 higher than in July. M ost
o f the in cr e a s e o c c u r r e d in nondurable m anufac­
turing in line with season al expectation s. Within
nondurable goods manufacturing, m ore than
season al gains w ere r e co r d e d in textile m ills ,
which added 27, 000 w o rk e rs to their p a y r o lls , and
in ap parel plants, w here 78 ,000 w ork ers w ere
added. The pickup in tex tiles m arks a continuation
of the im prov em en t in the em ploym ent situation in
this in du stry w hich has been nottud si'ice ea rly
spring. The upturn in apparel this month con tra sts
-vith the dow ntrend o f the past y ea r.

E m ploym ent in s e r v ic e and fin an ce, at 5. 6 and
2.1 m illio n , r e s p e c tiv e ly , w ere virtu a lly unchanged
fr o m July and continued at r e c o r d le v e ls .

With the exception of printing and p e t r o le u m -both o f w hich rep orted v irtu a lly no change in em ­
p lo y m e n t--a ll other nondurable industry groups r e ­
ported som e em ploym ent pickup ov er the month.
The la rg e st g a i n - - 75, 0 0 0 --w a s in food , la rg e ly as
a resu lt o f an expansion o f p a y r o lls in canning
e stablishm ents.

E m ploym ent in the F e d e ra l governm ent, at 2. 2
m illio n w as the low est fo r the month in the past
fou r y e a r s . H ow ever, State and lo c a l governm ent
em ploym ent, at 4. 3 m illion in August, was an a lltim e peak fo r the month.
FA C T O R Y WORKWEEK RISES SEASONALLY
IN AUGUST

D urable good s plants rep orted an in cr e a s e o f
about 26, 000 to th eir p a y r o lls betw een July and
August 1954. in m ost in du stries the o v e r-th e -m o n th
em ploym ent change fe ll short by a sm all m argin o f
m eeting sea son al expectation s. H ow ever, on ly the

The a v erag e w orkw eek in m anufacturing plants
in cre a s e d n early on e-th ird o f an hour, to 39. 7
hours in August 1954, about the sam e as usually
o c c u r s at this tim e o f y e a r.




The con stru ction industry added 40, 000 w o rk e rs
to its r o lls o v e r the m onth, continuing at the high
le v e ls w hich have c h a ra cte riz e d the industry thus
far in 1954.
W h olesale and reta il trade em ployed 10. 3
m illion w o rk e r s in August, the highest lev el r e ­
cord ed fo r the month with the exception o f 1953.

M ost industry groups rep orted lon g er w ork ­
w eek s. H ours o f w ork r o se e sp e cia lly sharply in
fa b rica ted m eta ls, e le c tr ic a l m a ch in ery , te x tile s,
ap parel, and printing. Significant d e c r e a s e s w ere
r e co r d e d in only two industry g r o u p s --fo o d and
to b a c c o --w h e r e the addition o f m o re than usual
num bers o f p a rt-tim e w o rk e rs fo r the late sum m er
p r o ce s s in g season low ered the av erag e w orkw eek.
With the exception o f lu m b er, c h e m ic a ls , and
p etroleu m , ev ery m anufacturing industry group
showed som e o v e r -th e -y e a r reduction in hours o f
w ork. The w orkw eek in the lu m ber in du stry was
th re e -fifth s o f an hour higher than a y ea r e a r lie r
while hours o f w ork in ch e m ica l and p etroleu m
plants w e re unchanged fr o m y ea r ago le v e ls .
WEEKLY EARNINGS RISE IN AUGUST
A v era ge h ourly earnings o f fa c to r y w o rk e r s ,




including ov ertim e and oth er p rem iu m pay,
w ere $1. 79 in August, about the sam e as in July
and 2 cents higher than a y ea r e a r lie r . H ow ever,
average hourly earnings in nondurable goods
plants dropped 2 cen ts, p r im a r ily as the resu lt
o f the addition o f la rg e n um bers o f low -w age p a rttim e w o rk e rs in the food and to b a cco in d u stries.
A v era ge w eekly earnings o f m anufacturing
w ork ers ro se 14 cen ts o v e r the month to $71. 06
in August, as a resu lt o f a lon g er w orkw eek. At
this le v e l, w eek ly earn ings w e re 63 cents le s s
than a y ear e a r lie r . O ver the m onth, average
w eekly earnings in durable goods plants r o se 76
cen ts. On the other hand, w eek ly earnings in
nondurable goods dropped by 45 cen ts to $ 6 4 .2 9
as a resu lt of d e c re a se d h ourly earn ings and
w eekly hours in food and to b a c co .

T a b !*

E m ptoy*** in n on a g ricu ttv ra t e sta b !ish m * n t!,
b y !n d u !tr y d iv ision o " d s * !* c t e d g r o u p !
(In thousands)
Year
&go

Current

August 1954
net change from:

Industry division and group
August 1954
l/
48,007

Nonmetallic mining and quarrying.......
CONTRACT CONSTRUCT!ON...................
MANUFACTURE..........................

733
100.0
207.1
104.5
2,834
15,8 8 1

July 1954
1/
47.824
735
100.3
202.0
105.0
2,794
15,638

June
1954

August
1953

48,137

49,962

744
99.6
214.2
104.1
2,729
15,888

344
105.2
276.4
108.7

+

183
2

-

.3 5.1 .5 -

+
-

2,825

+

40

17,537

+

243

8,899
163.8

8,873
167.0

9,123
170.0

10 ,19 2
252.1

+

673.2
337.2
510.8
1,159.5

663.3
328.3
506.5
1 ,163.0

769.4
329.0
510.0
1,179.5

802.5
370.3
549.6
1,342.4

+
+
+

1,023.9
1 ,502.1
1 ,100.6
1,669.9
297.3
460.2

1,014.3
1,513.3
1,069.0
1,702.7
299.6
446.4

1,037.6
1,550.7
1,074.8
1,737.9
305.4
458.9

6,982
1 ,664.0
1 1 1 .6
1,071.7

6,765
1,589.0
9 1.2
1.044.9

799.5
774.6
255.1
226.7
374.3

-

Instruments and related products.......
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries...
Food and kindred products................

+

111
5.2
69.3
4.2
9
L,656

26
-1,293
3.2 88.3

Lumber and wood products (except

Primary metal industries...............
Fabricated metal products (except
ordnance, machinery, and transportation

1.955
_

_

1,175.8
528.3

DURABLE GOODS.........................

Year
ago

Previous
month

_

-

9.9
8.9
4.3
3.5

-

129.3
33.1
38.8
182.9

1 ,154.0
1,676.4
1,233.9
1 ,969.0
332.8
508.6

+
+
+

9.6
1 1 .2
3 1.6
32.8
2.3
13.8

-

13 0 .1
174.3
133.3
299.1
35.5
48.4

6,765
1,511.3
90.4
1,073.8

7,345
1,721.4
113.3
1 ,189.6

+
+
+
+

217
75.0
20.4
26.8

-

363
57.4
1.7
117.9

1 ,098.2
519.9

1,110.4
525.8

1,249.7
537.6

+
+

77.6
8.4 -

73.9
9.3

800.3
772.4
256.9
225.5
366.4

804.5
775.2
255.4
255.2
363.2

789.6
809.4
265.6
278.9
389.9

+
+
+

+
-

9.9
34.8
10.5
52.2
15.6

-

Apparel and other finished textile

Printing, publishing, and allied
.8
2.2
1.8
1.2
7.9

-

-

TRANSP0RTAT!0M AND PUBHC UT!L!T!ES......
TRAMSPORTAHOM.........................
COMMUmCAHOM..........................
OTHER P U B H C U H H H E S .................

4,026
2,682
749
595

Ay 041
2,701
747
593

4,032
2,703
741
588

4,274
2,929
754
591

+
+

15
19
2
2

+

248
247
5
4

WHOLESALE AND RETA!L TRADE...............

10 ,3 12

10,379

10,414

10,392

-

67

-

80

13
54
27.2
1 1 .2
.7
7.1
7.4

-

*
*
-

4
76
76.8
26.6
13.8
1.4
13.2

2,766
7,546
1 ,262.8
1 ,40 2.1
813.4
551.2
3,518.5

2,779
7,600
1,290.0
1,413.3
812.3
558.3
3,525.9

2,757
7,657
1,325.1
1,421.6
811.7
595.6
3,502.7

2,770
7,622
1,339.6
1,375.5
825.2
549.8
3,531.7

-

F) NANCE, tNSURANCE, AMD REAL ESTATE......

2,125

2,126

2,104

2,067

-

1

+

58

SERVtCE AMD MtSCELLANEOUS................

5,638

5,643

5,601

5,601

-

5

+

37

WHOLESALE TRADE.......................
RETA!L TRADE..........................
Food and liquor stores.................
Apparel and accessories stores........ *

GOVERNMENT.............................
FEDERAL...............................
STATE AMO LOCAL........................




6,458
2,160
4,298

6,468
2,162
4,306

6,625
2,164
4,461

6,422
2,258
4?l64

-

—

10
2
8

+
36
- 98
+ 134
V

Tabte 2. P roduction w orkers in m a n u fa ctu rin g , b y m ajor industry g r o u p

Year
ago

Current
Major industry group
August 195^.
1/

July 1954
1/

August 1954
net change from:

June
1954

August
1953

Previous
month

Year
ago

MAMUFACTUR!M6...........................

12,478

12,233

12,460

14,070

/245

-1,592

DURABLE GOODS..........................

6,959

6,933

7,177

8,195

/ 26

-1,236

U5.0

117.9

120.3

194.4

-

2.9

-

79.4

605.5
282.5
429.2
967.2

595.6
274.2
424.1
971.2

700.7
274.5
427.2
983.0

731.1
315.1
465.6
1,138.4

/
/
/
-

9.9
8.3
5.1
4.0

-

125.6
32.6
36.4
171.2

819.8
1 ,103.0
796.2
1,256.9
206.9
376.3

809.6
1 ,11 3 .2
771.1
1,284.5
208.9
362.2

831.1
1 ,150.6
775.8
1,324.1
214.8
375.0

942.1
1,267.5
932.2
1,546.9
239.8
421.9

/
/
/

10 .2
10 .2
25.1
27.6
2.0
14.1

-

122.3
164.5
136.0
290.0
32.9
45.6

5,519

5,300

5,303

5,875

/219

-

356

1,231.3
102.6
978.5

1 ,148.2
82.7
952.6

1,078.7
82.4
980.9

1,289.4
105.2
1,092.8

/83.1
/19.9
/ 25.9

—
-

58 .1
2 .6
114.3

1 ,051.2
435.9

976.9
429.5

987.0
435.6

1,120.7
447.0

/ 74.3
/ 6.4

-

69.5
1 1 .1

512.3
516.7
179.8
174.3
336.3

513.7
513.7
181.8
173.3
327.8

518.5
517.2
181.1
198.4
323.6

509.6
549.8
190.5
220.7
349.4

Lumber and wood products (except

Fabricated metal products (except
ordnance, machinery, and transportation

Instruments and related products.......
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries...
MOMOURABLE GOOOg.......................

Apparel and other finished textile
Printing, publishing, and allied
Chemicals and allied products..........

l/ Preliminary.




/
/
/

1.4
3.0
2.0
1 .0
8.5

-

-

2.7
33.1
10.7
46.4
13.1

Tabte 3. Hours and gross e a r n in g s o f p rod u ction w orkers in m a n u fa ctu rin g ,
b y m ajor industry g r o u p

Average weekly
hours

^'earnings""
Major industry group

MANUFACTURE................

1954
August
July
l/
l/

1953
August

19f54
August
July
l/
i/

'"earuiugs^
1953

August

19 54
August
July
l/
l/

1953
August

$70.92

$71.69

39.7

39.4

40.5

$1.79

$1.80

$1.77

76.59

75.83

77.27

40.1

39.7

41.1

1.91

1.91

1.88

( /)
2

79.40

78.12

(2/)

39.9

40.9

(2/)

1.99

1.91

65.41
63.59

63.34
62.02

66.91
62.99

41.4
40.5

40.6
39.5

40.8
40.9

1.5 8
1.57

1.5 6
1.57

1.64
1.54

72.39
81.2 4

DURABLE GOODS................

$71.06

71.51
81.24

71.10
85.28

40.9
38.5

40.4
38.5

41.1
4 1.0

1.77
2 .1 1

1.77
2 .1 1

1.73
2.08

77.33
81.41
72.44
84.80

76.00
80.60
71.16
84.38

76.59
82.12
71.63
85.70

40.7
40.3
39.8
40.0

40.0
40.1
39.1
39.8

41.4
41.9
40.7
4 1.2

1.9 0
2.02
1.82
2 .12

1.90
2.01
1.82
2 .12

1.85
1.9 6
1.76
2.08

L^ber°Lrwoorprodu=Is.....
Furniture and fixtures......
Stone, clay, and glass

lexcep^ordnance'^acMnery,
ment)........ ^..... ^....
Machinery (except electrical).
Electrical machinery........
Ins^^ent^and^relatir
73.60

72.65

73.16

40.0

39.7

41.1

1.84

1.83

1.78

Miscellaneous* ^ufLcturlng*"
industries.................

64.08

62.56

63.74

39.8

39.1

40.6

1 .6 1

1.6 0

1.57

NONDURABLE GOODS.............

64.29

64.74

63.76

39.2

39.0

39.6

1.64

1.6 6

1 .6 1

Food and kindred products....
Tobacco manufactures........

67.57
46.86
52.22

69.72
51.79
51.27

65.25
47.46
53.04

4 1.2
36.9
38.4

41.5
37.8
37.7

41.3
38.9
39.0

1.64
1.27
1 .3 6

1.68
1.37
1.3 6

1.58
1 .2 2
1.3 6

47.17
74.20

49.78
73.61

36.0
42.6

35.2
42.4

36.6
43.3

1.34
1.75

1.34
1.75

1.3 6
1.70

86.78
78.94

85.58
76.26

38.7
41.0

38.4
40.9

38.9
41.0

2.26
1.94

2.26
1.93

2.20
1.8 6

94.12
77.03
51.38

92.06
77.21
51.79

41.1
39.4
37.5

41.1
39.5
37.5

41.1
39.8
37.8

2.27
1.93
1.37

2.29
1.95
1.37

2.24
1.94
1.37

I p p a ^ n ^ \ t h e r " f W i s h e d * '''
textile products...........
48.24
74.55
P ^ n ti n ^ p ^ l l L i n f and
allied industries..........
87.46
79.54
Pr^cts'orpetriie^Ind"^''
coal......................
93.30
Rubber products............. 76.04
Leather and leather products.. 51.38

2/ Not available.




T a b !e 4 . !n d e x of e m p !oyee$ in n on a g ricu ttu ra ! estab!ishm ents,
b y in d u stry d iv ision , seasonaH y a d ju s te d
(1947-49= 100)

Year
ago

Current
Industry division
August 1954
i
l

July 1954
i
!

June 1954

August 1953

109.6

109.8

110.1

1 1 4 .1

Mining............................
Contract construction.................
Manufacturing......................

76.6
124.7
105.5

78.3
125.2
105.7

78.1
124.7
107.1

88.2
124.3
116.5

Wholesale and retail trade...... .
Finance, insurance, and real estate...
Service and miscellaneous...........

98.2
111.2
123.5
113.1
118.8

98.6
111.7
123.5
113.2
118.1

98.6
111.4
122.8
112.4
117.9

104.2
112.1
120.0
U2.4
118.0

TOTAL...............................

.........................

T abie 5. i n d e x of prod uction w o r k e r s in manufacturing,
b y m a jo r in du stry g rou p ,

seasonaHy a d ju ste d

(1947-49=100)

Year
ago

Current
Major industry group
August 1954
i/

July 1954
l'

June 1954

August 1953

MAMUFACTURtNG........................

99.9

100.2

101.8

112.7

DURABLE GOODS.......................

104.8

105.4

107.6

123.5

507.3

520.6

529.4

855.9

79.0
97.2
98.2
94.4

79.1
96.5
98.9
95.3

92.7
96.2
97.7
95.5

95.3
108.4
106.7
111.1

106.3
99.5
126.8
122.9
107.7
98.9

107.2
98.9
124.8
125.7
109.8
100.3

107.7
100.3
122.4
129.5
111.3
100.8

122.2
114.4
148.5
151.3
124.7
111.1

MOMDURABLE GOODS....................

94.2

94.1

94.9

100.2

Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures................
Textile-mill products...............
Apparel and other finished textile

91.7
89.0
81.3

92.0
89.9
80.0

93.4
89.0
80.7

95.5
89.9
90.8

98.9
109.3

98.2
109.6

99.3
109.3

105.5
112.1

107.6
102.9
94.6
86.4
90.7

108.0
102.7
96.8
87.4
92.1

108.0
102.9
96.8
97.7
90.1

107.1
109.3
100.5
109.5
94.0

Ordnance and accessories
furniture )"°°^
Furniture and fixtures. .
.
.
.
Stone, clay, and grass products.......
Primary metal industries............
^ordiancl^ Ilchinery^and trans-^

Transportation equipment............
Instruments and related products....
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries .

Paper and allied products...........
Printing, publishing, and allied
industries........................
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal........
Rubber products.... ...............
Leather and leather products........

viii




Historical
Tab!# A -l: Em ptoyees in nonagricuttura! estabiishments,
b y industry division

Year and month

TOTAL

Mining

con­
struction

Manufac­
turing

Transpor­ Wholesale Finance, Service
tation and and retail insurance,
and
public
and real miscel­
trade
utilities
estate laneous

Govern­
ment

Annual average:
1919.............
19 20 .
19 2 1.
1922 .
1923 .
1924.
1925 .
1926 .
1927.
19 2 8 .

26,829
27,088
24,125
25,569
28,128
27,770
28,505
29,539
29,691
29,710

1,124
1,230
953
920
1,203
1,092
1,080
1,176
1,105
1,041

1.021
'848
1,012
1,18 5
1,229
1,321
1,446
1,555
1,608
1,606

10,534
10,534
8,132
8,986
10,155
9,523
9,786
9,997
9,839
5,786

3,711
3,998
3,459
3,505
3,882
3,806
3,824
3,940
3,891
3,822

4,664
4,623
4,754
5,084
5,494
5,626
5,810
6,033
6,165
6,137

1,050
1 ,1 1 0
1,097
1,079
1,12 3
1,16 3
1,16 6
1,2 35
1,295
1,360

2,054
2,142
2,187
2,268
2 ,431
2 ,516
2 ,59 1
2,755
2 ,8 71
2,962

2,671
2,603
2,531
2,542
2 ,6 11
2,723
2,802
2,848
2,917
2,996

1929.
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933 .
1934 .
1935 .
1936 .
1937.
1938.

31,041
29,143
26,383
23,377
23,466
25,699
26,792
28,802
30,718
28,902

1,078
1,000
864
722
735
874
888
937
1,006
882

1,497
1,372
1,214
970
809
862
912
1,145
1 ,1 1 2
1,055

10,534
9,401
8,021
6,757
7,258
8,346
8,907
9,653
10,606
9,253

3,907
3,675
3,243
2,804
2,659
2,736
2 ,7 7 1
2,956
3,114
2,840

6,401
6,064
5,531
4,907
4,999
5,552
5,692
6,076
6,543
6,453

1,4 3 1
1,398
1,333
1,2 70
1,225
1,247
1,262
1,3 13
1,3 55
1,3 47

3,127
3,084
2,913
2,682
2,6l4
2,784
2,883
3,060
3,233
3,196

3,066
3,149
3,264
3,225
3,167
3,298
3,477
3,662
3,749
3,876

1939.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.

30,287
32,031
36,164
39,697
42,042
41,480
40,069
41,412
43,438
44,382

845
916
947
983
917
883
826
852
943
982

1,150
1,294
1,790
2,170
1,094
1,13 2
1,6 6 1
1,982
2,169

10,078
10,780
12,974
15,051
17,381
17,111
15,302
14,461
15,290
15,321

2,912
3,013
3,248
3,433
3,619
3,798
3,872
4,023
4,122
4,141

6,612
6,940
7,4l6
7,333
7,189
7 ,26o
7,522
8,602
9,196
9,519

1,382
1,4 19
1,462
i,44o
1,401
1,374
1,394
1,58 6
i,64i
1 ,7 1 1

3,321
3,477
3,705
3,857
3,919
3,934
4,055
4,621
4,807
4,925

3,987
4,192
4,622
5,431
6,049
6,026
5,967
5,607
5,456
5,614

1949 .
1950 .
1951.
1952 .
1953.

43,295
44,696
47,289
48,306
49,660

918
889
916
885
844

2,165
2,333
2,603
2,634
2,644

14,178
14,967
16 ,io4
16,334
17,259

3,949
3,977
4,166
4,185
4,224

9,513
9,645
10,012
10,281
10,533

1,736
1,796
1,862
1,957
2,025

5,000
5,098
5,278
5,423
5,486

5,837
5,992
6,348
6,609
6,645

Monthly data:
1953: June.......

49,904

846

2 ,7 1 1

17,416

4,260

10,473

2,037

5,576

6,585

July.......
August......
September....
October.....
November....
December....

49,716
49,962
50,200
50,180
49,851
50,197

836
844
839
826
829
822

2,768
2,825
2,866
2,889
2,789
2,632

17,336
17,537
17,510
17,301
16,988
16,765

4,283
4,274
4,265
4,257
4,216
4,187

10,414
10,392
10,523
10,669
10,828
11 ,3 6 1

2,067
2,067
2,041
2,040
2,034
2,040

5,607
5,601
5,566
5,506
5,467
5,435

6,405
6,422
6,590
6,692
6,700
6,955

January.....

48,147
47,880
47,848
48,o68
47,935
48,137

805
790
772
749
737
744

2,349
2,356
2,415
2,535
2,634
2,729

16,434
16,322
16,234
16,000
15,836
15,888

4,069
4,039
3,992
4,008
4,008
4,032

10,421
10 ,310
10,305
10,496
10,375
10,414

2,033
2,044
2,057
2,075
2,081
2,104

5,377
5,380
5,406
5,506
5,563
5,601

6,659
6,639
6,667
6,699
6,701
6,625

47,824

735

2,794

15,638

4,o4i

10,379

2,126

5,643

6,468

1954:

March......
April......
May........
June.......

315421 0 - 54 -2




Tabte A -2 : Emptoyees in nonagricuttura! estab!ishments^
b y industry division and g rou p
(In thousands)

1954

1953

Industry division and group

July

June

May

July

June

TOTAL....................................

47,824

48,137

47,935

49,716

49,904

M!N!N6...................................

735

744

737

836

846
10 6 .6

Metal mining............................
Anthracite..............................
Bituminous-coal..........................
Crude-petroleum and natural-gas production..
Nonmetallic mining and quarrying..........

10 0 .3
2 5 .2

99.6

98 .8

2 6 .5

202.0

214.2

29.3
213.3

105-9
48.6
275.4

303.3
105.0

2999

2 9 2 .2
10 3 .2

298.4
10 7 .2

104.1

53.6
284.1
294.7
1 0 7 .1

CONTRACT CONSTRUCT!ON.................... .

2,794

2,729

2,634

2,76 8

2 ,7 1 1

NONBU!LD)MG CONSTRUCTION..................

6oo

582

550

570

553

281.2

2 7 0 .7

246.0

3U. 7

243 .6
3 0 6 .7

258 .0

318.3

3U.7

306.8

Highway and street......................
Other nonbuilding construction...........
BU!LD!MG CONSTRUCTION.....................
General contractors......................
Special-trade contractors................
Plumbing and heating....................
Painting and decorating.................
Electrical work.........................
Other special-trade contractors.........

2 ,19 8

2,194

2,147

2,084

941.4
1.253.0
304.9
155.9

918.4
1.228.4
297.4
150.7

8 92.5

997.7

1.191.7

172.2

16 8 .2
6 1 2 .1

1,2 0 0 .0
2 9 1 .8
1 6 1 .0
1 6 2 .7

620.0

292 .0

139.2
164.2
596.3

584.5

2 ,1 5 8
969.8
1 ,1 8 8 .1
286.8

154.1
158.3
588.9

MANUFACTURE.............................

15 ,6 3 8

15,8 8 8

15 ,8 3 6

17,336

17,416

DURABLE GOODS............................

8,8 73

9 ,1 2 3

9,152

10 ,19 0

10 ,3 0 1

Lumber and wood products (except furniture),
Furniture and fixtures...................
Stone, clay, and glass products...........
Primary metal industries..................
Fabricated metal products (except ordnance,
machinery, and transportation equipment)...
Machinery (except electrical).............
Electrical machinery.................... .
Transportation equipment..................
Instruments and related products.........
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.....
NONDURABLE GOODS..........................
Food and kindred products................
Tobacco manufactures.................. .
Textile-mill products...................
Apparel and other finished textile products
Paper and allied products................
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
Chemicals and allied products............
Products of petroleum and coal...........
Rubber products.........................
Leather and leather products.............

2




1 6 7 .0
6 6 3 .3
328.3
50 6.5
1 .1 6 3 .0

1 7 0 .0

1.179.5

175.6
747.1
330.6
509.5
1.172.4

1 .0 3 7 .6

1.040.4
1 .5 6 7 .7
1 . 0 8 7 .1

1,702.7
299.6
446.4

1.550.7
1.074.8
1,737-9
305.4
458.9

6 ,7 6 5

6 ,7 6 5

1.539.0
9 1 .2

1.014.3
1.513.3
1 .0 6 9 .0

1,044.9
1 ,0 9 8 .2

519.9
800.3

772.4
2 5 6 .9
2 2 5 .5
366 .4

769.4
329.0
5 10 .0

258 .3

796.3
3 6 9 .7

541.9
1,348.5

253-2
811.1
371.6
550.7
1.356.7

1,981.3
334.4
491.7

1.162.7
1.736.4
1.232.4
1,987.0
336.2
502.9

6,684

7,146

7,115

1.511.3

1.457.8

1.634.9

1 ,5 3 6 .6

9 0 .4
1 .0 7 3 .8
1 .1 1 0 .4
5 2 5 .8
804.5

8 9 .8
1 .0 6 3 .2

9 1 .6
1 .1 8 1 .5

1 ,2 0 9 .6

1,107-3

1.192.5
529.5

775.2
255.4

781.3

2 5 5 .2
3 6 3 .2

253.7
353.5

1.752.5
3 10 .5
4 5 8 .3

5 2 2 .7
8 0 1 .7
2 5 2 .6

1,145.7
1.705.4
1 .2 1 6 .9

78 6.2
804.3
2 6 5 .4

91.3
1.214.4
532.2
790.1
804.6
2 6 3 .5

277.3

284.1

382.6

388.5

Tabte A -2 : Em p!oy*es in nonagricuttura! estab!ishm#nts,
b y industry division an d grou p - Continued
(In thousands)

1954

1953

Industry division and group
July

June

May

July

June

TRAHSP0RTAT!0N AMD PUBHC UT!L!T!ES......

4,041

4,032

4,008

4,283

4,260

TRAMSP0RTAT!0M.......................

2,701

2,703

2,685

2,934

2,928

1,
231.8
1.077.9

1,228.9

1.215.6

1.409.5

1,399-9

1,061.9

1,238.8
128.2

1,229.2

122.1

1,074.7
122.5

684.0

684.2

663.2

667.3

680.1
66 5.4

I n t e r s t a t e r a i l r o a d s ...................................... ..
C l a s s I r a i l r o a d s .....................................................
L o c a l r a i l w a y s and bu s l i n e s .................. ..
T r u c k i n g and w a r e h o u s i n g . . . . . ............................
O t h e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n and s e r v i c e s . . . . . . . .
Bus l i n e s , e x c e p t l o c a l .........................................
A i r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n (common c a r r i e r ) ...........

COMMUmCAHOM........................
T e l e p h o n e ............................................................................
T e l e g r a p h ............................................................................

OTHER PUBUC UT!L!T!ES................
Gas and e l e c t r i c
Local u t i l i t i e s ,

u t i l i t i e s . . ....................... ..
not elsew here c l a s s i f i e d

123-5

128.6
723.8

48.3

48.2

48.6

106.0

105.7

105-3

721.3
674.9
53-5
105-9

747

741

741

76 0

751

705.3

698 . 8

698.6

41.2

41.4

715.5
43.9

706.0

41.2

6 7 6.0

52.9
105.7

44.6

593

588

582

589

581

567.9

563.3

25.5

24.8

557.1
24.4

564.1
24.7

557-3
24.1

WHOLESALE AMD RETA!L TRADE..............

10,379

10,414

10,375

10,414

10,473

WHOLESALE TRADE......................

2,779

2,757

2,746

2,773

2,765

RETA!L TRADE.........................

7 ,600

7, 657

7,629

7,641

7,708

1,290.0

1, 325.1

1.421.6

1,339-3
1,416.3

1,333-9

1,413-3

1,385.7
1,390.5

812.1
558.3

81 1.7

G e n e r a l m e r c n a n d i s e s t o r e s ....................................
F o o d and l i q u o r s t o r e s ..........................
A u t o m o t i v e and a c c e s s o r i e s d e a l e r s .................
A p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r i e s s t o r e s ...........................
O t h e r r e t a i l t r a d e ....................... ................................ .

FtMAMCE, !HSURAMCE, AMD REAL ESTATE......
Ban ks and t r u s t c o m p a n i e s ......................................
S e c u r i t y d e a l e r s and e x c h a n g e s ...........................
I n s u r a n c e c a r r i e r s and a g e n t s ............................ .
O t h e r f i n a n c e a g e n c i e s and r e a l e s t a t e . . . .

SERV!CE AMD M!SCELLAMEOUS................
H o t e l s and l o d g i n g p l a c e s .......................................
Personal s e r v ic e s :
L a u n d r i e s ............................... .. ..........................................
C l e a n i n g and d y e i n g p l a n t s ..................................
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ................................................................ .

808.8
600 . 0

3.525.9

595.6
3.502.7

1.385.6
8 20 . 1
560.0

3.464.6

3.541.6

3,514.0

2,126

2,104

2,081

2,067

2,037

534.7

525.6

68.0

66.8

785.4
737.6

775-7
736.1

5,643

5,6oi

814.5
603.6

519.3

65.8

66.8

506.8
66.5

770.9

751.0

738.4

723.2

729.6

725.2

521.3

5,563

5,607

5,576

589.4

527.1

501.7

596.2

538.9

337.1
167.5

337.3
172.3

347.3

23 6.4

236.0

333.6
171.3
235.7

347.0
174.3
237.4

167.8

237.3

GOVERMMEHT..............................

6,468

6,625

6,7 0 1

6,405

6,585

FEDERAL................................

2,162

2,164

2,160

2,281

2,303

STATE AMO LOCAL.........................

4,306

4,461

4,541

4,124

4,282




3

[tidustr^ Em p)o\m ait
T a b ). A -3 : AH * m p !o y * e s and production w orkers !n mining and
manufacturing industries
(In
A ll
I n d u s t r y group

thousands)

em p loy ees

P rodu ction

workers

and i n d u s t r y

July
1954
MM/M?..........................

June
1954

May
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

735

744

737

836

-

-

-

July
1953
-

100.3

99.6

98.8

105.9

86.7

85.3

84.8

91.4

35.1
28.4

35.3
27.5
15.1

40.8
28.5
16.6

30.7
24.4
13.0

30.1
24.3
12.8

30.9
23.4

1 5.2

34.7
20.4
15-2

1 2.8

36.0
24.5
13-9

2 5.2

26.5

29.3

M.6

21.4

21.9

26.0

45.4

B<TUM)M0US-C0AL.................

202 .0

214.2

213.3

275.4

181.4

195.1

194.9

254.5

CRUDE-PETROLEUM AMR MATURAL-GAS
PRODUCHOW....................

302.3

299.9

292.2

298.4

-

-

-

-

136.7

134.2

129.0

136.5

90.3

89.0

8 8.6

93.4

METAL MtMtMG...................
I r o n m ining
C o p p e r m i n i n g . ..............................................
L e a d and z i n c m i n i n g ...............................

AHTHRACtTE.....................

P e t r o l e u m and n a t u r a l - g a s
production (except con tract

MOMMETALL!C M!M!MG AMD QUARRY!MG..

105 .0

104.1

103.2

107.2

...................

15,638

15.888

15.836

17.336

12.233

12.480

12,437

13,875

Gbods..................
MM4Mrc6/g
................

8,873
6,765

9.123
6.765

9.152
6,684

10,190
7.146

6.933
5.300

7.177
5.303

7,208
5,229

8,194
5 ,6 8 1

ORDMAMCE AMD ACCESSORIES .......

167.0

170.0

175.6

258.3

117.9

120.3

125.2

198.7

FOOD AMD K!MDRED PRODUCTS.......

1,589.0

1.511-3

1.457.8

1.634.9

1.148.2

1.078.7

1,031.1

1,202.2

Meat p r o d u c t s
Dairy p r o d u c t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

321.9
130.6
255.5
124.5
287.2
29.7

317.4
130.0
193.7
123.1
282.4
29.1

310.0
124.2
172.6
H9. 7
280.2
29.1

318.2
129.7
296.6
121.3
289.2
30.2

251.0
88.0
226.0
92.I
174.7
24.2

246.9
88.2
165.4
91.3
173-5
23.8

238.6
84.0
144.2
87.9
171.9
23.8

251.6
90.2
263.6
89.2
182.9
24.7

75.2
219.1
141.3

74.5
209.6
137.9

75-5
228.7
145-5

58.0
133.5
100.7

61.2
127.3
101.1

60.3
12 1 .8

f o o d p r o d u c t s .............

72.2
226.2
141.2

98.6

61.3
133.9
104.8

TOBACCO MAMUFACTURES........ ...

91.2

90.4

89.8

91.6

82.7

82.4

81.5

83.6

C i g a r e t t e s ........................................................

31.7
38.0
7.8
13.7

31.6
39.9
7.8
ll.l

31.4
39-5
7.9
ll.o

30.6
39-0
7.6
14.4

28.8
36.O
6.7
11.2

28.7
37.9
6.7
9.1

28.3
37.5
6.7
9.0

27.7
37.1
6.5
12.3

TEXT!LE-M!LL PRODUCTS...........

1,044.9

1.073.8

1.063.2

1 .181.5

952.6

980.9

968.6

1,085.3

Y a rn and t h r e a d m i l l s ............................

6.2
119.8
472.2
28.5
85.1

5.4
124.0
485.5
29.1
217.8
85.7

5.6
122.5
481.1
29.0
213.2
86.0

7.1
144.7
537.4
31.2
234.3
91.0

5.7
110.5
444.4
24.9
190.0
74.5

5.0
114.7
456.8
25.5
197.0
75.2

5.1
113.1
451.5
25.3
192.2
75.5

6.6
134.5
507.2
27.6
213.6
80.0

49.3

50.1

50.1

54.4

40.6

41.1

41.0

45.3

14.4
58.6

14.4
61.8

14.0
61.7

16.7
64.7

12.7
49.3

13.0
52.6

12.5
52.4

15.0
55-5

S u g a r .....................................................................
C o n f e c t i o n e r y and r e l a t e d

M iscella n eou s

Tobacco
Tobacco

and s n u f f .......................................
st em m ing and r e d r y i n g . . . .

N a rr ow f a b r i c s and s m a l l w a r e s . . . .
K n i t t i n g m i l l s ..............................................
D y e i n g and f i n i s h i n g t e x t i l e s . . . .
c o v e r i n g s ........................................................
H a ts (except c l o t h and
m i l l i n e r y ) ......................................................

4




210 .8

Tabte A -3 : A!! e m p !oyees and production w orkers in mining and
manufacturing industries -C ontinued

All employees

Production workers

Industry group and industry
July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

July
1953

1,098.2

1,110.4

1,107.3

1,192.5

976.9

987.0

984.9

1,065.5

119.1

121.5

118.5

127.0

106.5

108.2

105.3

114.2

268.9
331.6

283.9
321.5

283.6
324.1

301.8
350.1

247.9
294.0

262.4
283.6

261.4
286.8

279.3
309.9

101.6
16.1
75.8
11.5

107.5
12.9
75.8
12.9

109.9
15.0
69.5
10.9

111.3
19.9
71.6
14.2

89.3
13.9
69.0
8.4

95.1
10.9
69.0
9.9

97-2
13.1
63.0
8.2

98.8
17.7
65.I
11.5

56.9

57.4

55.9

62.6

50.6

50.9

49.4

55-3

116.7

117.0

H9.9

134.0

97.3

97.0

100.5

113.7

663.3

769.4

747.1

796.3

595.6

700.7

678.5

726.5

90.7
342.8

125.6
401.2

116.1
390.5

110.6
428.9

83.0
314.5

117.8
372.0

108.3
361.3

104.0
396.9

120.3
56.9
52.4

128.0
61.2
53.4

125.9
60.9
53.7

131.2
66.8
58.8

99.6
32.3
46.2

107.4
56.4
47.1

105.5
56.1
47.3

111.3
62.0
52.3

328.3

329.0

330.6

369.7

274.2

274.5

276.5

314.4

228.9

228.3

230.7

261.4

196.9

196.0

198.6

228.0

39.8

40.3

39.9

42.6

31.8

32.1

31.9

34.7

33.2

33-3

33.0

36.0

25.I

25.2

24.9

28.0

26.4

27.1

27.0

29.7

20.4

21.2

21.1

23.7

519.9

525.8

522.7

529.5

429.5

435.6

432.5

438.8

256.0
140.4
123.5

259.2
14 2 .5
124.1

256.9
142.1
123.7

258.5
145-9
125.I

215.8
115.4
98.3

219.5
117.3
98.9

217.9
116.3
98.3

219.0
119.0
100.8

PR!MT!MG, PUBL!SH!M6, AMD ALL!ED
tMDUSTR!ES....................

800.3

804.5

801.7

786.2

513.7

518.5

514.7

506.7

Books.........................

293-4
60.9
50.7
206.6
58.6
20.2

295.2
61.4
50.7
207.0
59.0
20.3

293.7
61.9
51.1
206.1
59.2
19.1

288.0
60.6
50.3
203.0
56.0
20.1

145.5
24.6
30.9
167.3
45.3
15.1

147.9
25.5
30.6
167.9
45.5
15.0

146.6
25.6
30.6
166.5
45.6
14.0

143.7
25.9
29.0
165.4
42.9
15.4

Bookbinding and related
industries...................
Miscellaneous publishing and

44.0

44.0

43.9

44.6

34.8

34.7

34.5

35.2

65.9

66.9

66.7

63.6

50.2

51.4

51.3

49.2

APPAREL AMD OTHER F!M)SHED
TEXT!LE PRODUCTS...............
Men's and boys' suits and coats..
Men's and boys' furnishings and
Women's outerwear..............
Women's, children's under
garments.....................
Millinery.....................

Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories..................
Other fabricated textile

LUMBER AMD MOOD PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
FURM!TURE)....................
Logging camps and contractors....
Sawmills and planing mills.....
Mi11work, plywood, and prefabri­
cated structural wood products..
Wooden containers..............

FURMtTURE AMD F!XTURES..........

Office, public-building, and
professional furniture........
Partitions, shelving, lockers,
and fixtures..................
Screens, blinds, and miscellane­
ous furniture and fixtures....

PAPER AMD ALL!ED PRODUCTS.......
Pulp, paper, and paperboard
mills...........................
Paperboard containers and boxes..
Other paper and allied products..




5

industry

hnplc\)ii^nt

Tabte A -3 : A!) em ptoyees and production w orkers in mining and
m anufacturing industries - Continued
(In thousands)
All employees

Production workers

Industry group and industry
July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
195*

May
1954

July
1953

772.4

775-2

781.3

804.3

513.7

517.2

525.3

546.2

95-3
297.5
91.2

94.6
297.7
90.9

93.6
297.0
90.8

94.4
324.9
90.0

67.4
201.8
56.2

67.4
201.3
56.0

67.1
201.0
56.2

67.3
226.9
55.0

51.3
72.8
8.1
30.3

51.6
72.8
8.0
33.0

51.4
72.6
8.3
40.3

50.9
76.3
7.9
32.0

31.1
45.6
6.9
21.9

31.6
45.7
6.8
24.5

31-7
45.6
7.1
31.7

31.4
48.6
6.7
23.8

36.8
89.1

37.1
89.5

37.8
89.5

37.0
90.9

25.5
57.3

26.0
57.9

26.7
58.2

26.0
60.5

256.9

255.4

252.6

265.4

181.8

181.1

178.6

190.0

206.7

205.2

202.9

209.6

141.0

140.3

138.4

144.2

50.2

50.2

49.7

55.8

40.8

4o.8

40.2

45.8

RUBBER PRODUCTS.................

225.5

255.2

253.7

277.3

173-3

198.4

197.0

219.3

Tires and inner tubes...........

90.6
25.3
109.6

112.8
25.0
117.4

111.5
25.0
117.2

120.8
28.1
128.4

67.0
20.1
86.2

85.0
19.8
93-6

83.9
19.8
93.3

93.7
22.5
103.1

LEATHER AMD LEATHER PRODUCTS.....

366.4

363.2

353.5

382.6

327.8

323.6

315.1

342.9

43.4

43.6

43.1

47.2

39.1

39.1

38.6

42.4

4.4

4.7

4.7

5.3

3.3

3.6

3.6

4.3

15.8
242.9
14.6

16.0
241.3
14.6

14.9
234.4
13.9

17.0
247.6
16.7

14.1
219.1
12.4

14.2
216.7
12.4

13.2
210.8
11.8

15.2
223.3
14.6

28.7

26.6

27.0

30.4

25.4

23.3

23.7

27.0

16.6

16.4

15.5

18.4

14.4

14.3

13.4

16.1

506.5

510.0

509.5

541.9

424.1

427.2

426.9

457.9

28.5

28.1

27.7

31.3

25.4

24.9

24.7

27.8

86.5

90.6

91.0

95.1

73.5

77.6

77-9

82.0

Cement, hydraulic...............

15.1
42.8
79-1
48.0

15-3
39.4
79.2
51.6

15-5
40.5
77.8
52.6

17.8
42.5
81.9
50.1

12.9
36.0
70.2
42.4

13.2
32.7
70.5
45.6

13.3
33.7
69.2
46.4

15.5
35.8
73-5
43.9

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products......................
Cut-stone and stone products....
Miscellaneous nonmetallic

104.9
17.6

103.2
18.5

101.8
18.7

IO8.5
18.4

86.3
15.1

84.2
16.2

83.3
16.3

89.8
16.1

84.0

84.1

83.9

96.3

62.3

62.3

62.1

H.5

CHEMtCALS AMO ALL!ED PRODUCTS....
Industrial inorganic chemicals....

Soap, cleaning and polishing

Gum and wood chemicals..........
Fertilizers....................
Vegetable and animal oils and

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AMD COAL...

Coke and other petroleum and

Leather: tanned, curried, and
Industrial leather belting and
packing.......................
Boot and shoe cut stock and

Luggage...........................
Handbags and small leather
Gloves and miscellaneous leather

STOME, CLAY, AMD GLASS PRODUCTS....

Glass and glassware, pressed or
Glass products made of purchased

6




Tab!e A -3 : AH em p toy ees a n d prod u ction w ork ers !n m ining and
m anufacturing industries - Continued
(In thousands)

All employees

Production work.rs

Industry group and industry
July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

1,163.0

1,179.5

1,172.4

1,348.5

573-0
214.8

579.0
219.6

573.9
219.1

58.8

53.3

12.2

July
1953

June
1954

May
1954

971.2

983.0

975.6

1,143.4

665.1
250.8

486.4
186.7

488.1
191.0

483.3
190.4

570.5
220.3

57.8

60.9

47.9

47.6

47.1

50.4

12.4

12.6

13.5

9-1

9.2

9.3

9.9

100.9
70.6

102.4
72.8

101.8
72.4

U3.6
92.3

79-5
56.2

81.0
58.2

80.6
57-6

91.5
76.9

132.7

135.0

134.8

152.3

105.4

107.9

107.3

123.9

FABRtCATED METAL PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
ORMAMCE, MACHtHERY, AMO TRANS­
PORTATION EQUtPMEMT)............ 1,014.3

1,037.6

i,o4o.4

1,145.7

809.6

831.1

833-3

933.9

57-6

56.9

55.3

59-7

50.9

50.2

48.8

52.5

137.9

144.6

146.9

160.6

110.6

117.3

119-3

132.1

116.5

U 8.0

115.9

134.8

90.7

92.0

89.6

107.2

271.2

269.7

266.6

272.1

207.4

205.7

202.8

209.1

213.5
41.6
51.5

223.9
43.2
53.2

230.4
43.3
53.8

260.0
50.2
64.2

175.7
32.7
42.0

185.2
34.2
43.5

191.1
34.3
44.3

219.1
41.2
53.9

124.5

128.1

128.2

144.1

99.6

103.0

103.1

118.8

MACHtMERY (EXCEPT ELECTRtCAL)..... 1.513.3

1,550.7

1,567.7

1,705.4

1,113.2

1,150.6

1,165.0

1.294.9

74.8

75.4

76.4

89.4

52.9

53.3

54.2

64.8

145.1
122.8
273.5

149.9
123.6
280.4

149-7
123.7
284.7

172.1
134.9
307.5

104.9
89.1
209.6

110.2
89.8
216.1

110.1
89.6
219.5

130.0
100.4
242.0

171.1
224.5

174.1
226.5

175.5
227.9

186.8
246.0

121.6
151.4

124.6
154.1

125.8
155.7

136.6
172.5

101.9

103.5

103-3

108.7

80.6

81.7

81.3

87.7

153.1
246.5

166.0
251.3

175.3
251.2

193.1
266.9

112.1
191.0

124.6
196.2

133.4
195.4

148.7
212.2

ELECTRICAL MACH!MERY............. 1,069.0

1,074.8

1,087.1

1,216.9

771.1

775.8

791.2

918.1

363.7
60.8
28.4
70.9
27.6
477.9
45.5

369.0
62.6
28.6
72.1
27.7
481.6
45.5

406.8
71.3
33.2
82.4
28.6
544.7
49.9

246.7
48.o
21.8
54.5
23.4
342.7
34.0

253.0
48.3
22.7
56.6
23.9
337.5
33.8

259.2
50.4
23.1
57.7
24.2
342.6
34.0

293.2
59-5
27.5
67.5
25.2
406.8
38.4

PRIMARY METAL !NDUSTR!ES.........
Blast furnaces, steel works, and
rolling mills.................
Iron and steel foundries.........
Primary smelting and refining of
nonferrous metals......... .
Secondary smelting and refining
of nonferrous metals...........
Rolling, drawing, and alloying
of nonferrous metals...........

July
1954

July
1953

Miscellaneous primary metal

Cutl^f H ^ o o L ^ d l a r d " ' "
ware..........................
Heating apparatus (except eleo-

products......................
Metal stamping, coating, and
engraving.....................
Fabricated wire products........
Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products......................

Agricultural machinery and
tractors......................
Construction and mining machinery.
Metalworking machinery..........
Special-industry machinery
(except metalworking machinery)..
General industrial machinery ....
Office and store machines and
devices.......................
Service-industry and household
machines......................
Miscellaneous machinery parts...

Electrical generating, trans­
mission, distribution, and

Insulated wire and cable........
Electrical equipment for vehicles.
Electric lamps..................
Communication equipment.........
Miscellaneous electrical products.




357.9
60.5
27.5
68.8
27.0
481.5
45.8

7

)ndustt\

[m p k ^ m cn t

Tabte A -3 : A!) e m p !o y e e s and production w orkers in mining and
m anufacturing industries - Continued
(In thousands)
All employees

Production workers

Industry group and industry
July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

May
1954

1,702.7

1,737.9

1,752.5

1 ,981.3

1,284.5

1,324.1

1,342.4

1,558.9

709.4
803.7
498.5
162.9
17.4

739.5
8o4.o
493.8
166.3
17.5

744.8
806.9
496.2
169.5
13-1

945.0
793.3
478.9
179.7
17.8

561.8
566.4
349.5
110.5
12.5

593-5
570.0
348.6
113.4
12.6

600.9
575.0
353-3
116.2
9.1

779-2
574.9
344.8
127.2
13.1

124.9

126.4

128.1

116.9

93.9

95.4

96.4

89.8

Other transportation equipment...

125.2
104.6
20.6
54.7
9.7

127-5
105.6
21.9
57.4
9-5

132.0
109.1
22.9
59-8
9.0

153.4
130.2
23.2
77.9
11.7

108.7
90.7
18.0
39-7
7-9

lll.l
91.8
19-3
41.7
7.8

115.2
95.0
20.2
44.1
7.2

135-1
114.4
20.7
59.0
9.9

!MSTRUMENTS AMO RELATED PRODUCTS..

299-6

305.4

310.5

334.4

208.9

214.8

219.5

241.5

47.8

49.3

51.4

55.8

27.5

29.1

30.5

34.3

76.4
13.4

74.7
13.7

76.9
13.8

80.9
14.9

53-4
10.6

51.6
10.8

54.0
10.8

57.5
11.8

39.6
24.3
67.5
30.6

39.3
25.5
67.0
35.4

39-7
25.8
66.8
36.1

43.7
26.7
69.5
42.9

27.4
19.1
45.7
25.2

27-7
20.2
45.9
29.5

27.7
20.5
45.7
30.3

31.2
21.4
48.4
36.9

446.4

458.9

458.3

491.7

362.2

375.0

373-9

405.4

50.3
15.1
80.9

51.5
15.2
81.9

51.9
15.5
81.2

50.8
16.8
96.9

40.5
12.8
67.5

41.6
12.9
68.6

41.9
13.2
67.9

41.2
14.6
83.1

28.5
59-9
66.8
144.9

29.2
62.0
69.8
149.3

29.3
59-6
70.1
150.7

29.1
66.1
76.7
155.3

21.3
49.6
54.0
II6.5

22.0
51.7
56.9
121.3

22.1
49.1
57.3
122.4

21.8
55-3
63.6
125.8

TRANSPORTATION EQUtPMEMT........

Aircraft engines and parts.*....
Aircraft propellers and parts...
Other aircraft parts and

July
1953

Ship and boat building and

Boat building and repairing....

Laboratory, scientific, and
Mechanical measuring and
controlling instruments.......
Optical instruments and lenses...
Surgical, medical, and dental

M!SCELLAMEOUS MANUFACTURE
!HDUSTR!ES....................
Jewelry, silverware, and plated
Musical instruments and parts....
Toys and sporting goods........
Pens, pencils, and other office
Costume jewelry, buttons, notions
Fabricated plastic products......
Other manufacturing industries...

8



Tabte A -4 :

Production w orkers an d in dexes o f prod u ction -w ork er

em ptoym ent and w e e k ty poyrott in manufacturing industries

Period

Production-worker employment
Index
Number
(1947-49 aver­
(in thousands)
age-100)

Production-worker
payroll index
(1947-49 aver­
age e 100 )

Annual
average:
1939.................
19bO.................
i9bi.................
19b2.................
19b3.................
19bb.................
19b5.................

8,192
8,811
10,877
12,85b
15,OJA
lb,<507
12,86b

66.2
71.2
87.9
103.9
121.b
118.1
10b.0

29.9
3b.O
b9.3
72.2
99.0
102.8
87.8

19b6.................
19b7.................
19b8.................
i9b9.................
1950.................

12,105
12,795
12,715
11,597
12,317
13,155
13,144
13,850

97.9
103.b
102.8
93.8
99.6
106.4
106.3
112.0

81.2
97.7
1D5.1
97.2
111.7
129.8
136.6
151.6

June..........

13,985

113.1

153.9

July..........
August........

13,875
14,070
14,061
13,852
13,534
13,319

112.2
113-8
113-7
112.0
109.4
107.7

151.1
154.0
153.4
152.6
148.0
147.2

May...........
June..........

13,002
12,906
12,818
12,590
12,437
12,480

105.1
104.3
103.6
101.8
100.5
100.9

140.8
140.5
138.4
135.0
135-1
136.6

July..........

12,233

98.9

132.5

1952.................
1953.................

Monthly
data:
1953:

November......
December......
1954:

Januaiy.......
February......

3154210- 54-5




Stup Ruitdirtg
Tabte A-51 E m p to y e e s in G ov ern m en t and p riv a te s h ip y a r d s , b y region

(In thousands)
1954

1953

Region 1/
July

June

May

July

June

ALL REG!0MS.........................

212.6

214.4

219.4

253.6

256.6

PRtVATE YARDS...................

104.6

105.6

109.1

130.2

131.7

WAVY YARDS......................

108.0

108.8

110.3

123.4

124.9

WORTH ATLANTIC......................

89.5

90.6

93-2

114.4

115.2

41.8
47.7

42.1
48.5

43.9
49.3

59-3
55.1

59.2
56.O

38.0

38.2

38.9

43.3

43.3

17.7
20.3

17-8
20.4

18.2
20.7

19.7
23.6

19.5
23.8

22.6

22.8

22.0

24.4

24.6

53-1

52.8

54.8

59.7

61.2

13.1
40.0

12.9
39.9

14.5
40.3

15.0
44.7

16.1
45.1

5.0

5.5

6 .1

6.5

7.0

4.4

4.5

4.4

5.3

5.3

SOUTH ATLAMHC......................

GULF:

PAC!F!C.............................

GREAT LAKES:

!MLAM0:

1/ The North Atlantic region includes all yards bordering on the Atlantic in the following States:
Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island, and Vermont.
The South Atlantic region includes all yards bordering on the Atlantic in the following States: Florida,
Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.
The Gulf region includes all yards bordering on the Gulf of Mexico in the following States:
Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas.

Alabama,

The Pacific region includes all yards in California, Oregon, and Washington.
The Great Lakes region includes all yards bordering on the Great Lakes in the following States:
Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
The Inland region includes all other yards.
2/ Data include Curtis Bay Coast Guard Yard.

10



Illinois,

Tabte A -6 : Federat civitian em ptoym ent
(In thousands)
1953

1954
Branch and agency
July

2,164

2,160

2.281

2,303

2,13 8 .1

2,134.2

2,255.0

2,277.2

1,022.1
507.4
606.4

1 ,025.2
504.8
608.1

1 ,028.6
502.4
603.2

1 ,128.2
498.6
628.2

1,138.1
504.3
634.8

2 1.9
4.0

21.8
4.0

22.2
3.9

22.3
3.9

228.4

228.7

226.6

239.6

243.2

207-5

207.8

205.8

218.6

222.1

87.2
8.9

u i. 4

87.2
8.9
1 1 1 .7

86.4
9.0
110.4

89.6
9.3
119.7

90.1
9.1
122.9

20.2
.7

Post Office Department...............

2,162

22.1
3-9

Department of Defense...............
Post Office Department..............

May

2,135-9

TOTAL FEDERAL 3 / ...................................................

June

2 0 .1
.8

20.0
.8

20.3
.7

20.4
.7

July

June

2/ Includes all executive agencies (except the Central Intelligence Agency), and Government corporations.
Civilian employment in navy yards, arsenals, hospitals, and on force-account construction is also included.
3/ Includes all Federal civilian employment in Washington Standard Metropolitan Area (District of Columbia
and adjacent Maryland and Virginia counties).




Tabte A -7 : E m ptoyees in nonagricvttura) estabtishments^
b y industry division and State
(In thousand a)
Mining

Total
State

1954
1

1954
!
July 1 June

Contract construction
July

1951
July

33.9
17.4
14.3
234.8
19.5

32.0
16.5
13.8
233.3
27.0

35.9
16.8
19.0
248.6
27.7

1951
July

650.6
199.3
297.4
3,634.1
401.9

661.0
199.3
302.5
3,823.8
4o8.4

670.3
197-4
313.6
3,905.1
416.7

...
13.5
59
35-7
12.5

15.7
13.6
5.7
35.6
12.7

18.0
12.8
6.3
37.2
12.4

841.2

850.2

878.9

(1/)

(1/)

(1/)

-

-

-

District of Columbia.....

488.9
811.3
879.1

489.0
824.9
888.3

507.0
792.8
908.8

(2/)
7.3
4.5

(2/)
7.3
4.5

(2/)
7.1
4.5

16.5
78.1
45.2

16.3
76.7
49.4

19.5
78.0
53.6

Idaho ^ ................
Illinois^...............
Indiana 3 / ..............

134.1
3,271.3
1 ,290.4
629.0
541.7

131.7
3,307.7
1,303.4
632.9
542.8

139.8
3,424.4
1,432.3
64o.i
549.2

4.5
31.9
10.3
3.3
18.8

4.4
32.3
10.6
3.2
18.8

4.9
35.1
11.6
3.3
18.5

9.8
177.1
63.5
40.2
41.8

8.1
170.3
59.1
37.9
40.2

10.3
178.4
68.2
42.3
35.2

692.2
274.2
791.2
1,756.0

697.6
285.2
814.6
1,820.4

42.6
34.7
.6
2.2
(2/)

42.9
33.8
.6
2.2
(2/)

47.4
32.3
.5
2.2
(2/)

53.7
14.4
62.9
71.8

55.3
14.2
62.0
69.7

60.2
13.5
64.3
76.8

849.7
334.4
1 ,227.7
159.7

S33.2
335.3
1 ,234.0
158.6

877.1
339.5
1,277.1
160.1

18.1
2.7
8.3
11.5

18.1
2.6
8.3
11.5

20.9
3-1
8.8
11 .1

52.0
19.7
59.9
11.9

43.4
19.0
57.3
11.0

56.4
20.6
52.5
11.2

Nebraska................
Nevada.................
Nev Hampshire...........
Nev Jersey..............

351.1
76.6
177.7
1,772.0
178.5

353-0
75-7
175-9
1,778.1
177-6

353.4
75.1
179.6
1 ,850.5
177.4

1.9
5.0
.2
4.5
14.6

1.8
4.8
.2
4.5
14.1

1.8
4.7
.2
4.8
15.4

26.1
9.1
8.1
99.7
14.6

25.2
9.0
7.8
100.4
14.2

23-4
8.8
7.9
98.6
13.7

Nev York................
North Carolina..........

5,797.4
971.0
113.2
2,876.4
533.9

5,800.9
977.1
112.7
2,920.8
534.3

5,951.8
1 ,000.3
114.4
3,079.0
537.0

12.1
3.5
2.0
21.1
46.9

11.9
3.5
2.0
21.4
47.0

12.1
3.8
2.2
23.0
46.5

240.9
47.9
9.2
167.5
39.6

234.9
47.2
8.9
162.6
38.4

230.2
52.9
10.2
161.2
36.5

South Dakota .3/.........

444.5
3,577.9
279.9
508.4
121.8

462.1
3,596.4
282.0
513^3
121.9

488.7
3,867.1
301.3
533.7
124.0

1.3
94.1
(2/)
1.2
2.5

1.3
99.9
(2/)
1.2
2.6

1.2
134.5
(2/)
1.2
2.6

26.9
210.2
15.6
41.7
11.0

24.5
202.7
15.9
41.1
10.5

28.9
207.5
15.4
53.6
1 1.1

Tennessee...............
Texas..................
Utah...................
Vermont.................
Virginia................

807.9
2,242.1
(2/)
101.4
856.3

817.4
2,245.2
205.4
102.4
859.6

834.4
2,246.8
218.9
105.0
894.4

8.4
127.0
(3/)
1.3
15.1

8.7
126.0
11.8
1.3
15.4

8.9
123.9
13.6
1.4
18.0

54.2
173.1
(5/)
4.7
55.6

60.7
172.9
11.5
4.5
54.0

55.5
167.8
13.1
4.7
58.5

Washington..............
Vest Virginia...........
Wisconsin-..............
Wyoming
..............

724.8
464.0
1,075.1
88.5

747.5
469.6
1,055-3
87.4

758.1
502.4
1,104.1
94.1

2.6
79-9
4.2
8.9

2.7
80.5
4.2
9.7

2.8
96.7
4.3
10.8

52.7
20.6
55.9
7.3

52.3
19.2
52.4
6.7

51.6
23.1
58.2
7.5

Arizona................
California..............
Colorado................

Kentucky................

Maryland................

Michigan................
Minnesota...............
Mississippi.............
Missouri................
Montana................

Ohio...................
Oklahoma................
Oregon..................
Pennsylvania............
Rhode Island............

-

686.9
274.7
791.0
1,737.8
-

See footnotes at end of table.

12




-

1951
July

June

June

July

1954

42.0
-

-

-

43.2

40.1
-

-

-

--

Stjte

Tabie A -7 : Em p!oyees in nonagricuttura! estabtishments,
b y industry division and State - Continued
(In thousands)
Manufacturing

State
July

>54 ____
June

1933
July

Transportation and
public utilities
1954
1953
July
June
July

213.8
26.2
76.0
1 ,037.1
65.4

224.1
26.0
79.2
1,022.3
64.5

230.5
28.1
82.7
1,084.1
68.6

401.1
56.3
16.1
114.7
296.1

414.2
57.8
16.3
120.0
303.5

451.2
63.1
17.2
114.2
317.0

42.6
29.4
74.7
69.4

g?-5
1 ,184.5
555.6
161.7
131.8

24.6
1,211.2
567.5
163.3
132.7

27.2
1,319.8
682.5
171.5
139.6

146.0
154.1
107.5
251.8
654.3

148.2
155.2
108.2
250.8
665.4

1 ,006.8
215.6
92.7
376.2
19.3

Wholesale and
retail trade
1354
1953
July
June
July

52.0
21.5
30.4
346.0
46.7

135.2
49.4
72.0
880.6
108.5

135.0
49.9
72.6
876.8
107.7

136.3
49.7
75-5
887.4
108.8

42.3
29.4
74.4
69.4

42.5
31.2
74.4
72.6

148.7
87.9
242.1
204.9

149.9
88.6
247.8
201.4

143.3
90.9
234.1
203.3

15.4
296.2
99.5
58.4
64.2

15.2
295.5
98.5
57.5
63.9

17.2
315.8
108.4
61.6
70.5

34.4
701.9
274.2
169.1
127.3

34.2
707.2
275.6
170.0
126.7

35-5
705.3
278.2
169.4
131.5

159.0
162.5
119.8
276.0
731.7

57.2
80.6
20.5
73.7
118.4

57.3
80.9
20.2
75.3
118.2

60.1
83.2
20.2
78.3
120.1

125.8
160.0
53.6
162.6
360.7

126.1
159-9
52.9
163.1
368.4

126.9
160.9
53.7
161.4
364.3

1,044.3
207.8
92.9
377.7
18.7

1 ,238.3
234.3
98.8
414.1
19.7

88.1
26.7
126.1
22.6

86.6
26.2
126.6
22.6

96.1
25.6
135.1
24.5

205.0
82.5
298.1
40.7

205.3
82.2
298.5
40.6

212.1
82.7
312.5
40.6

58.8
4.4
78.2
762.3
16.8

59.8
4.2
78.7
771.2
16.5

62.9
4.4
81.7
844.5
16.7

42.6
9.0
10.6
145.8
19.0

42.0
8.9
10.6
146.1
18.9

45.3
9.3
11.0
150.0
20.5

91.9
16.3
32.1
320.5
42.2

92.2
16.2
31.8
317.8
41.7

94.0
15.8
31.8
323.4
41.7

New York..................
Worth Carolina.............
Worth Dakota...............
Ohio......................

1,815.4
422.3
6.6
1 ,243.8
83.9

1 ,832.3
423.5
6.6
1 ,283.0
82.8

1,991.7
444.1
6.5
1 ,430.8
85.4

505.2
59.6
14.0
216.4
49.3

503.9
60.2
14.0
216.9
49.1

517.2
63.6
14.7
236.9
51.8

1,265.4
195.0
37.8
558.7
128.3

1 ,263.9
195.6
37-5
561.8
127-7

1 ,268.0
197.9
37.5
571.2
132.1

Oregon....................
Pennsylvania...............
South Carolina.............
South Dakota.
...........

119.2
1,422.6
122.9
212.6
11.9

139.7
1 ,428.1
124.8
215.9
11.9

157.2
1 ,625.8
145.4
225.7
12.4

45.8
309.1
16.0
26.0
10.0

45.3
308.0
16.0
25.9
9.9

49.4
338.6
16.6
27.8
10.5

106.9
664.5
52.0
99.9
38.9

105.5
674.1
52.1
99.8
38.5

111.5
686.5
51.6
99.5
39.5

Texas.....................
Utah......................
Vermont...................
Virginia..................

273.7
426.5
(i/)
35.9
236.6

272.4
425.0
30.1
37.5
236.9

296.8
444.2
34.5
40.0
255.2

59.3
224.8
Q/)
8.7
80.8

59.4
224.1
21.8
8.4
80.9

62.2
234.4
23.7
8.8
86.3

180.0
600.4
(2/)
19.6
190.5

180.7
599.7
49.1
19.4
190.7

180.9
594.5
50.5
19.2
196.3

Vest Virginia..............
Wisconsin.,................
Wyoming. 3/.................

176.7
122.8
446.5
6.9

200.5
125.7
427.6
6.6

206.3
133.8
479.0
7.2

64.9
49.7
78.0
15.0

64.8
49.5
77.2
14.8

69.3
54.3
81.6
16.6

167.1
79.5
227.2
19.7

165.3
80.8
227.7
18.6

168.9
85.1
226.8
20.8

Idaho.3/..................
Illinois..................

Nevada....................

51.7
51.1
20.9
20.7
28.0
27.7
335.5 , 332.8
43.6
43.3

See footnotea at end of table.




13

S tjtc tm p k ^ m u it
Tab)# A -7 : E m ptoy##: in nonagricuttura! #stab!ishm#nts,
b y industry division an d Stat# - Continu#d
fin thousands)

State

Arizona....................
Arkansas...................
California.................
Colorado...................
Connecticut................
Delavare........... ........
District of Columbia
.....
Florida....................
Georgia....................

Finance, insurance,
and real estate
1954
1953J1
July
June
July
22.5
7.6
9.1
174.7
18.3
44.6

Service and
miscellaneous
1954
1953
July
June
July

July

June

1953
July

58.1
24.8
35.8
508.5
54.7

57.4
24.0
36.0
501.0
56.1

120.4
39.9
56.7
627.0
78.5

122.6
40.2
58.6
641.0
80.3

119.6
37.5
54.7
626.6
78.8

85.9

22.4
7.6
9.1
173.5
18.2

20.6
7.0
9.0
174.2
17.6

57.3
24.4
35.4
508.7
55.6

43.9

43.1

87.3

Government
IS 54

-

-

23.1
39.4
33.0

65.1
116.6
84.1

64.3
117.3
83.6

83.9
64.9
112.9
84.7

74.9
12.9
250.2
135.4
141.7

73.9
13.2
250.3
139.3
143.1

71.7
12.2
260.2
132.7
140.1

4.2
169.8
44.4
28.4
18.9

4.3
168.8
43.3
27.8
18.1

16.1
374.6
98.5
70.4
56.0

16.2
380.1
99.5
71.4
56.3

16.3
372.9
99.5
70.7
55.2

24.2
333-7
143-9
97.6
82.7

24.8
341.3
148.2*
101.3
85.3

24.1
328.3
140.6
93.7
80.6

17.6
24.2
7.4
37.2
85.9

17.6
24.2
7.4
37.0
85.3

18.2
23.2
7.4
36.1
84.9

62.9
74.1
30.1
86.0
220.7

62.9
74.5
29.1
85.8
219.2

63.9
73.1
30.0
83.1
220.4

89.2
105.5
40.6
114.6
226.0

91.9
108.4
41.6
115.0
229.8

89.1
102.2
4o.i
113.2
222.2

-

40.9
9.2
60.9
5.1

41.3
9.0
61.5
4.9

100.7
34.8
150.5
20.6

101.2
34.9
154.1
20.5

-

41.7
9.2
61.8
5.1

99.4
35.6
149.2
21.1

230.2
128.5
66.1
146.8
28.0

237.7
129.8
68.3
150.6
28.6

223.1
116.7
64.1
143.4
27.0

19.0
1.9
5.4
64.3
5.9

18.9
1.9
5.4
63.8
5.9

18.9
1.6
5.2
65.3
5.2

45.4
18.9
22.6
186.9
23.9

46.1
18.4
20.4
183.0
23.8

43.9
18.7
22.1
180.5
24.1

65.4
12.0
20.3
188.0
41.5

67.1
12.3
21.0
191.3
42.5

63.3
11.8
19.7
183.4
40.1

North Dakota...............
Ohio.......................
Oklahoma...................

416.8
28.1
4.6
93.8
19.7

415.2
27.9
4.6
92.3
19.8

417.3
27.4
4.5
92.2
19.2

821.9
89.9
13.5
265.2
59.3

806.6
90.1
13.2
265.O
59.5

813.7
90.0
13.4
259.5
58.9

719.6
124.7
25.5
309.9
106.9

732.2
129.1
25.9
317.8
110.0

701.6
120.6
25-3
304.1
106.6

Oregon.....................
Pennsylvania................
Rhode Island................
South Carolina y.............
South Dakota.3/.............

17.5
131.7
11.8
12.4
5.2

17.5
129.8
11.7
12.4
5-1

17.1
129.9
11.6
12.2
4.9

56.8
372.3
28; 3
39.6
15.4

56.8
372.1
27.7
39.5
15.4

56.2
375-6
28.3
40.0
15.6

70.1
373-4
33.3
75.0
27.0

71.5
381.8
33.8
77.5
28.2

67.2
368.6
32.4
73.7
27.5

Tennessee..................
Texas......................
Utah.......................
Vermont?...................
Virginia.6/................

28.4
101.3
(1/)
3.2
34.5

28.4
101.1
8.2
3.1
34.3

27.9
99.1
7.7
3.0
35.5

85.8
277.2
(
3/)
12.5
85.4

86.0
275.5
22.9
12.3
85.8

86.6
269.3
23.3
11.9
85.3

118.1
311.8
(2/)
15.6
157.8

121.1
320.9
50.0
15.9
161.6

115.6
313.6
52.5
16.0
159.3

Washington.................
West Virginia...............
Wisconsin^.................
Wyoming .i/.................

29.5
11.2
38.8
2.2

29.4
11.2
38.3
2.1

29.2
11.2
36.8
2.0

86.9
43.9
103.3
12.9

84.9
43.9
103.1
12.8

84.9
43.5
101.0
13.8

144.4
56.4
121.2
15.6

147.6
58.8
124.9
16.1

145.1
54.7
116.4
15.4

-

-

23.7
42.4
33.2

23.8
42.1
33.4

Idaho.2/...................
Illinois...................
Indiana....................
Iowa....y..................
Kansas. ..................

4.2
171.2
44.9
26.5
19.1

Kentucky...................
Louisiana..................
Maine.. . ................
Maryland .5/................
Massachusetts...............
Michigan...................
Minnesota..................
Mississippi................
Missouri...................
Montana....................
Nebraska...................
Nevada.....................
Nev Jersey.................

Nev York...................

-

* Finance and government do not conform vith definitions used for national series as shown in Glossary, l/ Mining
combined vith construction. 2/ Mining combined vith service, j/ Revised series; not strictly comparable vith
previously published data. 4/ Total and contract construction revised; not strictly comparable vith previously
published data.
Wot available. 6/ Federal employment in Maryland and Virginia portions of the Washington,
D. C., metropolitan area included in data for District of Columbia.

14




Atwi

ttnpk'\mcnt

T a b ). A -8 : Em ptoyees in nonagricuttura! estab!ishments
fo r setected areas, b y industry division
(In thousands)
Number of employees
>54
1953
July
June
July

Area and industry
division
ALABAMA
Birmingham
Total...............
Mining..............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans. and pub. util.
.
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........

Area and industry
division

Number of employees
1954
.1222July
July_____ June

Sacramento
Manufacturing.........
187.2
11.3
11.0
60.3
16.9
42.5
10.3
19.1
16.0

Mobile
Manufacturing......

(1/)

187.6
11.2
10.4
61.3
16.8
42.6
10.3
19.1
16.0

16.5

190.2
13.1
10.6
61.8
17.7
42.6
9.9
19.0
15.7

9.6

11.3

10.5

San BernardinoRiverside-Ontario
Manufacturing.........

25.8

25.9

25.7

180.4
.2
10.9
47.8
10.8

179.9
.2

40.5

40.5

San Diego

6.0
24.7
39-5

5.9
24.3
40.1

187.1
.2
13.5
49.5
10.8
42.1
6.0
25.1
39-9

865.9
1.4
55.0
185.2
98.0
198.3
55-8
109.0
163.2

855.8
1.4
54.1
177.2
97.2
196.7
55.3
109.0
164.9

882.2
1.4
49.6
195.5
103.5
199.9
55.6
107.5
169.2

San Jose
Manufacturing.........

31.8

23.9

32.0

Stockton
Manufact uring.........

12.3

11.2

14.9

1.8
12.4
44.0
26.4
63.7
13.0
31.1

1.8
19.1
43.4
26.0
63.5
12.9
30.9

1.5
19.5
45.4
64.8
12.8
31.9

115.5
5.6
65.5
5.6
19.2
9.5
7.5

117.6
5.3
67.8
5.7
19.2
2.6
9-7
7.4

123.1
5-9
72.9
5.4
19.2
2.5
10.0
7.1

194.2
9.4
75.2
7.4
38.2
26.7

195.0
9.0
75.3
7.4
39.4
26.6

196.9
9.0
78.1
7.3
39.5
26.1

Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....

16.6
Finance * .............
Service...............

ARIZONA
Phoenix
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............
Government......... .

95.0
.2
8.5
15.6
9.0
27.3
5.2
11.7
17.5

94.7
.2
7.9
15.3
9.0
27.4
5.2
11.9
17.8

93.8
.2
8.5
16.0
9.1
27.5
4.7
ll.l
16.7

San Francisco-Oakland
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....

Service...............
Tucson
Total...............
Mining............. .
Contract construction,
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........

40.0
1.7
3.4
4.4
5.5
9.6
1.3
6.6
7.5

ARKANSAS
Little RockN. Little Rock
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade.............. .
Finance............ .
Service 2/.........
Government..........

65.6
4.4
11.4
7.3
17.1
4.2
9.5
11.9

40.4
1.8
3.2
4.5
5.4
9.8
1.3
6.6
7.8

. 67.0
4.6
12.0
7.4
17.5
4.2
9.6
11.9

42.4
1.6
4.0
6.1
5.6
9.8
1.3
6.5
7.5

69.8
4.9
13.0
8.6
17.6
4.1
9.8
11.9

COLORADO
Denver
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturi ng.........
Trans, and pub. util....

13.7

12.7

14.1

2.6
Los Angeles
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............ .
Government......... .

Service...............
1,818.2
14.6
103.7
623.8
122.3
411.8
83.9
257.2
200.9

1 ,818.7
14.9
104.3
624.8
121.9
410.5
82.9
255.7
203.7

1 ,838.2
15.8
121.4
643.5
124.0
410.8
82.1
249.7
190.9

28.0

CONNECTICUT
Bridgeport
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturi ng.........
Trans, and pub. util....

CALIFORNIA
Fresno
Manufacturing......

11.1

47.3
10.5

Hartford
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....

See footnotes at end of table.




12-

Tab!# A - 8: E m ptovee: in nonagricutturat M tabtishm ent:
fo r setected a rea !, b y industry division - C ontinued
(In thousands)
Area and industry
division
CONNECTICUT - Continued
Hartford - Continued
Service.............
Government..........

Number of employees
1 934
1953
July
June
July

19.9
17.5

20.0
17.4

20.3
16.6

Nev Britain
Total...............
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

41.6
1.3
27.0
2.1
5.4
.7
2.8
2.3

42.3
1.3
27.6
2.1
5.5
.7
2.8
2.3

43.3
1.2
29.4
2.0
5.2
.7
2.6
2.3

New Haven
Total.................
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturing.........
Trana. and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

118.3
6.1
45.7
n.7
22.5
5.7
18.0
8.6

119.0
5-8
46.5
11.6
22.6
5.7
18.2
8.5

121.9
5-9
50.0
11.6
22.7
5.7
17.8
8.2

Stamford
Total.................
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

48.3
3.4
20.7
2.6
9.2
1.5
7.4
3.4

48.3
3.3
20.9
2.7
9.2
1.5
7.4
3.3

51.4
3.5
23.3
2.6
9.2
1.5
7.8
3.5

Waterbury
Total.................
Contract construction 2/
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............
DELAWARE
Wilmington
Manufacturing.........
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington
Total.................
Contract construction...
Manufacturing.........
Trana. and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service 2/............
Government............

Area and industry
division
Jacksonville - Continued
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....

Service 2/............

66.8
2.1
42.5
2.7
9.3
1.3
4.3
4.7

72.0
2.1
47.9
2.7
9.2
1.3
4.3
4.7

51.9

52.7

57.0

600.2
33.2
26.2
41.2
121.8
31.9
80.4
265.5

603.2
32.8
26.6
41.1
122.5
31.9
82.7
265.6

621.0
38.0
26.6
43.7
124.9
31.0
82.4
274.4

Contract construction..
.
Trans, and pub. util....

See footnotes at end of table.

16




115.8
9.5

115.0
9.3

110.5
8.2

19.0
14.3
35.5
8.1
13.4
15.6

18.1
14.5
34.2
7.0
13.1
15.6

196.7
17.4
22.6
27.3
65.O
11.5
36.2
18.9

197.9
16.3
23.7
26.7
64.8
11.3
36.2
18.9

188.1
19.3
21.5
25.5
58.9
10.7
34.2
18.1

118.2
12.4
21.4
10.3
38.5
6.2
14.7
14.8

120.4
12.3
22.4
10.4
39.7
6.2
14.8
14.8

114.4
11.7
22.4
10.1
37.6
5.6
14.0
13.2

290.2
13.8
75.6
30.4
78.6
20.9
37.5
33.4

296.5
17.7
77.6
30.6
78.3
21.1
37.7
33.5

300.4
16.2
79.3
31.9
80.0
21.4
37-3
34.3

48.4
3.3
13.4
6.4
12.5
1.5
5.8
5.5

48.6
3.2
13.4
6-5
12.5
1.5
5.7
5.8

50.9
4.9
14-3
6.7
12.3
1.5
5.8
5.4

20.0
1.7
1.9
2.3
5.9
1.2
2.9
4.1

19.6
1.5
1.9
2.3
5.7
1.2
2.9
4.1

21.0
2.4
1.9
2.5
6.2
1.2
2.9
3.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg
Contract construction..
.
Trans, and pub. util....

Service 2/............
Government............

GEORGIA
Atlanta
Contract construction...
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....

Service 2/............

Savannah
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing..........
Trans, and pub. util....

IDAHO
Boise
Contract construction..
.
Trans, and pub. util....

FLORIDA
Jacksonville
Total.................
Contract construction...

18.7
14.4
36.0
a.3
13.4
15.6

Miami

Service 2/............

64.7
2.1
40.6
2.7
9.1
1.3
4.2
4.7

Number of employees
1953
1^t54
June
July
July

A r c j Lmpk'\mcnt
Tab!# A -8 : E m ptovee: in nonagricutturat estabiishments,
for setected areas, b y industry division - Continued
(In thousanda)

Area and industry
division

July

ILLINOIS
Chicago
Total.................
Mining................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

(I/)
(1/)
(I/)
(1/)
(I/)
(I/)

INDIANA
Evansville
Total.................
Manufacturing.........
Nonmanufacturing......

65-7
30.9
34.8

Fort Wayne
Total.................
Manufacturing.........
Nonmanufacturing......
Indianapolis
Total.................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing j}/......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade.................
Finance...............
Other nonmfg.
......

KANSAS
Topeka
Total.................
Mining................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturi ng.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............
Wichita
Total.................
Mining................

2,446.6
3.7
96.7
967.1
210.0
506.2
144.5
295-2
223.2

64.7
29.9
34.8

2,538.3
4.0
103.5
1,047.2
223.7
512.0
143.9
288.9
215.2

77.0
41.8
35.2

73.4
34.5
38.9

73.4
34.7
38.7

82.9
41.8
41.1

266.9
10.3
98.7

267.5
10.1
100.1
19.8
62.9
15.3
59.3

280.0
11.4
106.3
24.8
64.8
15.5
57.2

20.1
63.0
15-4
59.4

South Bend
Total.................
Manufacturing.........
Trade.................
Other nonmanufacturing..
IOWA
Des Moines
Total.................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service 2/............
Government............

of employees
>
4
1953
June
July

73.2
35.9
14.6
22.7

73.3
36.1
14.5
22.7

96.5
57.0
15.6
23.9

92.2
4.9
22.5
7-9
24.4

91.6
4.5
22.2
7.9
24.1
10.0
11.9
11.0

91.9
4.6
22.9
7.9
24.6
9.8
11.7
10.3

10.0
11.8
10.6

Age* and industry
division
Wichita - Continued
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Finance...............
Government............

LOUISIANA
Baton Rouge
Manufacturing.........
Finance...............

43.7
.1
2.4
5-9
7.6
9.0
2.3
5.1
11.5

44.9
.2
2.7
6.1
8.1
9.3
2.2
5.0
11.5

1 1 7 .7
1.4

115.9
1.4

118.7
1.3

6.8
53.1
7.6
23.9
4.5
11.4
9.2

6.7
51.8
7.5
23.7
4.5
11.2
9.2

7.2
54.0
7-9
24.3
4.1
11.2
8.9

18.7
11.8
2.0

18.6
11.7
2.0

19.2
11.7
1.9

263.3
4.8
18.7
52.7
42.4
65.6
11.8
34.9
32.6

265.5
4.7
19.1
53.5
43.4
66.0
11.8
34.9
32.4

271.3
4.5
19.5
57.6
43.3
66.3
11.8
35.7
32.7

27.5
1.4
14.4
l.l
5.1
.7
3.8
1.0

27.9
1.4
14.8
1.1
5.1
.7
3.8
1.0

29.0
1.2
16.0
1.2
5.1
.7
3.8
1.0

53.7
4.5
13.1
6.6
14.6
3.2
8.4
3.3

53.5
4.2
14.0
6.4
14.3
3.1
8.2
3.3

54.1
4.3
14.0
6.3
14.7
3.1
8.3
3.4

547.9
.8
39.3
187.9
56.1
110.7
28.6
60.4
64.1

551.5
.8
39.0
189.3
57.8
111.2
28.5
60.1
64.8

560.7
.8
39.8
201.9
59.1
109.9
28.0
57.6
63.6

Nev Orleans

Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

MAINE
Leviston
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans. and pub. util....
Finance...............
Service 2/............
Government............

Portland
Contract construction..
.
Trans, and pub. util....
Finance...............
Government............

(1 /)
a/)
(1 /)
(1 /)
(1 /)
(1 /)
a/)
(1 /)
(1 /)

Number of employees
1<
?54
1953
July
June
July

MARYLAND
Baltimore

Contract construction..
.
Trans, and pub. util....

S*e footnot.a at .nd of table.
3 15 4 2 IO -54-4




H-

Ate^ Empioymetit
Tabte A -8 : Em ptoyees in nonagricu!tura! estabtishments
for setected areas, b y industry division - Continued
(In thousands)

Area and industry
division

Number of employees
1954
1951.
July
June
_JulX_

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Total...............
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade................
Finance..............
Service 2/...........
Government...........
Fall River
Total...............
Manufacturing.......
Trans. and pub. util.
.
Trade...............
Government..........
Other nonmanufacturing
Nev Bedford
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans. and pub. util...
Trade................
Government...........
Other nonmanufacturing.
Springfield-Holyoke
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade................
Finance..............
Service 2/...........
Government...........
Worcester
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade................
Finance..............
Service 2/...........
Government...........

Saginav
Manufacturing......
940.7
41.2
275.9
79.4
219.3
64.9
130.4
129.6

45.5
2 6 .0
2.4
7.9
4.7
4.5
47.8
1.1
25.4
2.2
8.4
4.8
5-9

152.2
5.5
65.5
8.8
30.4
6.4
15.3
2 0 .3

950.8
40.3
279-5
79.2
2 23.9
63.9
131.8
132.2
4 7 .1
2 7.2
2.4

8.2
4.8
4.5
48.5
1.0
26 .1
2.2

8.4
4.9
5.9
155.6
4.9
6 7.8

8.8
31.5
6 .3
15 .6
2 0 .7

975-4
47.1
302.2
79-5
22 5.2
63.5
129.5
128.4

48.6
29 .1
2.5
7.9
4.5
4.6

53.3
1.4
30.8
2.2
8.5
4.6
5.8

162.3
4.7
74.8
9.0
31.2
6.4
15 .0
2 1.2

99.5
3.6
46.0
5.2
2 0 .2
4 .2
9.5
1 0 .8

100.9
3.5
46.7
5.2
20 .6
4.2
9.7
11.0

106.3
4.1
52.9
5.3
19.9
4.2
9.5
10.4

MICHIGAN
Detroit
Manufacturing.

550.9

579-9

733-9

Flint
Manufacturing.

77.1

79.4

76 .2

Grand Rapids
Manufacturing.

5 2 .1

53.1

2 9 .0

30.8

35.3

Muskegon
Manufacturing.

23.5

24.5

30.4

1&-




Number of employees
July

195&.

June

,1223Juiy-

26.5

2 7.6

29.4

43.3
2.4
10.0
7.8

42.7
2.1

44.7
2.7

10.0

10.2

7.6

11.1

10.9

1.9
6.2
3.9

1.8
6.2
4.0

8.4
11.4
1.8
6 .1
4.1

Minneapolis
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans. and pub. ut il.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service 2 / .....................
Government.........

261.8
14.0
6 8 .7
28.6
72.7
20.2
33.0
24.6

260.3

St. Paul
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing...... .
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade....,......... .
Finance............ .
Service 2 / ......................
Government.........

149.9
9.5
41.8
21.9
33.0
10.5
16.9
16.3

147.4
7.0
4 1 .7
21.4
33.1
10 .5
16 .1

151.9
9 .0
44.3
2 1 .9
33.7
10 .5
16 .6
16 .0

8.8

8.9

9.4

MISSOURI
Kansas City
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............ .
Service............ .
Government......... .

(1 /)
(1/)
(l/)
(I/)
(I/)
(1 /)
(I/)
(I/)
(I/)

364.1
.8
2 1 .1
1 1 1 .7
4 5 .6
94.3
2 0 .7
39.6
30.3

362.8
.7
6 .1
12 2 .0
47.4
96.0
2 1 .0
40.1
29.5

St. Louis
Manufacturing......

(I/)

264.4

300.3

MONTANA
Great Falls
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Service 4/...... J..

2.9
2.6
6 .0
3.5

2.8
2.6
5.9
3.4

2 .9
2 .9
5.9
3.4

MINNESOTA
Duluth
Total..............
Contract constructionManufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade.............. .
Finance.............
Service 2 / ......................
Government..........

MISSISSIPPI
Jackson
Manufacturing......

11.2

69.8
2 8 .0
73.2

19.6
33.2

25.2

17.6

268.3
14.3
75.3
29.5
75-2
2 0 .0
3 1 .0
2 3 .0

56.3

Lansing
Manufacturing.

See footnotes at end of table.

Area and industry
division

Tab!* A -8 : Em ptovees !n nonagricuttura) estab!ishments,
fo r so!octed areas, b y industry division - Continued
(In thousands)

Area and industry
division
NEBRASKA
Omaha
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans. and pub. util.
.
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service 2/..........
Government..........

Nm&er of employees
195S*
1922June
July

141.8

8.2
32.2
23.2
34.4

10.6
18.0
15-3

NEVADA
Reno
Contract construction
Manufacturing 2/....
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........
NEW JERSEY
Nevark-Jersey City j /
?
Manufacturing......
Paterson j /
?
Manufacturing.

2.2

1.9
3-0

6.0
.9
6.0

141.1
8.0
32.2
22.8
34.3
10.5
18.2
15 .2

143.6
7.9
31.8
25.6
35.5
10.8
17.9
14.4

2.0
1.9
3.0
5.9
.8
5.4

1.7
1.9
2.9
5.9
.8
6.0

39-3
1.4
19.2
2.6
7.3
1.9
4.2
2.7

39-4
1.3
19.1
2.6
7.5
1.9
4.2
2.7

40.7
1.5
20.5
2.5
7.5
1.8
4.3
2.6

348.1

354.2

388.9

167.1

168.3

181.5

Perth Amboy ji
/
Manufacturing.

79.0

79.5

85.1

Trenton
Manufacturing.

38.4

38.9

44.2

52.8
4.2
9.0
5.2
13.9
2.6
7.3
10.6

52.3
4.2
8.8
5.2
13.5
2.7
7.3
10.6

53.0
4.2
9.0
5.3
14.3
2.5
7.1
10.6

206.8
7.0
78.2
16.7
39.6
36.9
28.4

206.3
6.4
78.5
16.5
39.6
37.1
28.2

225.6
8.1
91.7
18.0
40.2
39.5
28.1

NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service 2/..........
Government..........
NEW YORK
Albany-S chene ctady-Troy
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, andpub. util...
Trade................
Government...........
Other nonmanufacturing.

A^ea and industry
division
Binghamton
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Other nonmanufacturing

Number of employees
1954
1953
June
July
Jl..,
uy.,
76.2
3.6
41.3
3.9
13.0
14.5

75.8
3-5
41.1
3.9
12.9
14.5

77.7
3.1
42.8
4.1
13.3
14.3

Buffalo
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade................
Finance..............
Service 2/...........
Government..7........

429.8
22.2
197-0
38.6
81.2
13.5
45.1
32.1

432.7
20.3
200.9
39.3
81.3
13.3
45.5
32.1

455.8
21.2
219.3
40.7
83.6
13.1
45.2
32.7

Elmira
Total................
Manufacturing...... ..
Trade................
Other nonmanufacturing.

33.2
17.2
6.3
9.8

32.8
16.8
6.3
9.8

33.6
17.2
6.4
9.9

Nassau and Suffolk
Counties 5/
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade................
Service 4/...........

28.6
103.7
20.2
59.4
38.6

29.1
102.7
20.0
58.9
40.5

25.2
97.9
20.2
54.1
39.0

Nev York-Northeastern
Nev Jersey
Manufacturing......

1 ,638.8

1 ,655.0

1 ,792.2

Nev York City
Total...............
Mining..............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........

3,445.7
1.9
110.9
884.6
336.4
795.7
343.6
552.7
420.0

3,477.0
1.9
110.5
893.4
336.0
807.5
342.5
558.5
426.7

3,525.8
2.0
87.8
975.9
341.9
813.1
345.1
548.4
411.6

Rochester
Total................
Contract construction..
Manufacturi ng........
Trans, andpub. util...
Trade................
Finance..............
Other nonmanufacturing.

212.1
10.3
110.5
11.2
37.7
6.6
35.8

212.5
10.0
110.8
11.0
38.2
6.5
36.0

217.0
9.2
118.1
1 1 .1
37.1
6.3
35.1

Syracuse
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Other nonmanufacturing

134.7
7.1
53.9
11.4
29.0
33.4

138.1
5.8
57.7
11.5
29.7
33-5

145.2
7.2
63.8
11.6
29.4
33.2

See footnotes at end of table.




19

A tcj Emptoyment
Tab)# A - 8: Em ptoyees in nonagricuiturai estabiishments
fo r setected areas, b y industry division - Continued
(In thousands)
Area and industry
division
NEV YORK - Continued
Utica-Rome
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trana. and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service 2/.........
Government.........

Number of employeea
954
1!
1953
June
July
July

102.2
4.4
49.0
6.4
15.1
3.0
7.7
16.5

46.4

52.7

NORTH CAROLINA
Charlotte
Total..............
Contract conatruction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service 2/.........
Government.........

82.7
6.1
21.1
9.6
24.4
5.3
10.0
6.2

82.7
6.0
21.2
9.6
24.4
5.3
10.0
6.2

83.9
6.0
21.9
9.9
24.5
5-4
10.1
6.1

39.9

39.4

4o.o

NORTH DAKOTA
Fargo
Manufacturing......
Trana. and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............
Government.........

2.2
2.3
7.4
1.4
2.8
(1/)

2.2
2.3
7.4
1.4
2.8
(1/)

2.1
2.4
7.5
1.3
2.7
2.8

OHIO
Cincinnati
Manufacturing......

155.4

156.2

170.7

298.1

304.0

339.0

OKLAHOMA
Oklahoma City
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract conatruction
Manufacturing......
Trana. and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............
Government.........

134.7
6.6
9.0
16.6
10.7
36.2
7.7
16.5
31.4

134.5
6.6
9.0
16.3
10.6
36.1
7.7
16.6
31.5

138.7
6.6
9.7
16.4
11.5
36.5
7.7
16.8
33.5

Tulaa
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract conatruction

113.9
11.2
9.5

113.8
11.3
9.3

115.8
11.0
8.6

See footnotes at end of table.
20




Tulsa - Continued
Manufacturing.......
Trana. and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........

29.0
12.4
27.7
5-2
13.8
5-1

28.9
12.5
27.8
5.2
13.8
5.1

30.9
12.5
28.1
5.0
14.1
5.8

OREGON
Portland
Total...............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service 2/..........
Government..........

237.0
13.1
56.8
29*3
61.2
12.6
33.9
30.1

239.5
12.3
59.7
29.2
60.4
12.6
33.7
31.6

250.3
14.8
64.8
31.5
63.2
12.5
33-3
30.2

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown-BethlehemEaaton
Manufacturing...... .

92.5

91.5

104.5

Erie
Manufacturing.......

38.7

40.3

46.2

Harrisburg
Manufacturing.......

31.5

31.5

37.1

42.3

42.7

45.3

Philadelphia
Manufacturing...... .

547.9

544.9

611.3

Pittaburgh
Mining.............
Manufacturi ng.......
Tran8. and pub. util.,
Finance.............

21.3
321.0
67.6
28.5

22.1
324.3
67.6
28.3

27.8
375.4
74.4
28.8

Reading
Manufacturing.......

47.7

47.9

52.2

Scranton
Manufacturing......

29.4

29.7

31.3

Vilke a-Barre — Hazleton
Manufacturing......

95-3
2.8
43.9
6.1
15.0
3.0
7.3
17.3

45.6

Cleveland
Manufacturing......

Number of employeea
1953
1954
July
July
June

Lancaater
Manufacturing.......

94.7
2.8
43.2
6.0
14.8
3-1
7.4
17.4

WeatcheBter County
Manufacturing......

Greenaboro-High Point
Manufacturings,.....

Area and industry
division

(1/)

(I/)

38.3

York
Manufacturing......

43.2

44.8

48.2

RHODE ISLAND
Providence
Total..............
Contract conatruction
Manufacturing...... .
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............ .
Service 2/......... .
Government......... .

27s. 5
13.8
128.3
14.2
49.4
11.6
26.1
29.1

276.0
14.1
131.6
14.2
49.5
11.5
25.6
29.5

295.2
13.7
151.7
14.8
49.2
11.4
26.1
28.3

A r e j Emplo\ment
Tab!# A -8 : Em ptoyeet in nonagricuttura! wstabhshment!.
fo r seiected areas, b y industry divis!on - Continued
(In thousands)
Area and industry
division
SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service 2/......... .
Government......... .
Greenville
Manufacturing...... .

Number of employees
1954
1951
July
June
July

A^ea and industry
division

n
July

June

1953
July

Nashville - Continued
49.1
3.6
8.1
4.4
1 1 .5
1.6
4.7
15.4

48.9
3.6
8.4
4.0
11.5
1 .6
4.5
15.4

51.8
4.0
8.9
4.8
12.3
1.5
4.5
16.0

27.6

27.7

29.8

5.6
2.0
7.1
1.4
4.7

5.5
2.0
7.2
1.3
4.7

5.4
2.1
7.5
1.3
4.8

SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux Falls
Manufacturing.....
Trans, and pub. util
Trade.............
Finance...........
Service 6/........

Trans. and pub. util...
Finance..............
Service..............

87.2
.1
3-6
40.4
5.3
17.1
3.9
9.2
7.8

88.3
.1
3.5
41.5
5.2
17.3
3.8
9.2
7.8

94.9
.1
5.0
46.6
5-4
17.4
3-7
9.0
7.8

Knoxville
Total.................
Mining................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturi ng.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government * ..........

107.4
1.9
5-9
43.7
7.0
22.1
2.2
11-3
13.5

115.5
1 .8
14 .9
42.5
7.2
22.2
2 .2
H.3
13 .6

117 .0
2.1
11.8
45.7
7.6
21.5
2.2
1 1 .6
14 .7

Memphis
Total.................
Mining................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans. and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government............

163.6
-3
10 .8
40.9
14.5
48.7
7.5
18.4
22.5

164.4
.3
10 .7
41.5
14.6
48.8
7.5
18 .7
22.5

170.9
.4
ll.l
44,8
15.1
50 .1
7-5
19.1
23.0

Nashville
Total.................
Contract construction 2/

12 1.6
10 .4

120.6
9.9

125.3
10.5

33.8
12.0
26.2
7.1
17.3
14.4

38.1
12.3
2 6 .1
7.1
17.1
14.3

(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)
(1/)

106.9
6.0
6.5
16.4
12 .6
31.0
6.4
13.5
14.5

106.8
6.4
7.3
16 .7
12.9
30.9
5.9
13.3
13.4

17.1
5.1
1.3
4.7
2.9
3.1

17 .2
5.3
1 .2
4.7
2.8
3.2

17.9
6.3
1.2
4.6
2.4
3-4

11.5
7.0
.6
1 .6
.8
1 .6

12.4
7.8
.6
1 .6
.8
1 .6

13.2
8.9
.6
1.5
.8
1.5

14.7

14 .9

16.0

145.4
.4
10 .7
35-8
14.8
35.9
11.9
16 .7
19 .2

14 5 .1
.4
10.2
35.3
14 .9
36.2
11.8
16 .7
19.6

148.8
.3
10.5
37.6
15.4
36.5
1 1 .6
17 .2
19.7

279.4
13.7
76.4
2 6 .7
70.5
16 .2
36.6
39-3

282.1
13.3
80.1
26.3
70.5
1 6 .1
36.5
39-3

282.6
14.1
78.6
27.8
70.3
16 .0
36.4
39-4

UTAH
Salt Lake City

Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...

Service..............

VERMONT
Burlington
Manufacturi ng........
Trans, and pub. util...

TENNESSEE
Chattanooga
Total.................
Mining................
Contract construction..
.
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util....
Trade.................
Finance...............
Service...............
Government * ..........

34.3
12.1
2 6 .1
7.2
17.3
14.4

Other nonmanufacturing.
Springfield
Manufacturing.........
Trans, and pub. util...
Service..............
Other nonmanufacturing.
VIRGINIA
Norfolk-Portsmouth
Manufacturing........
Richmond

Contract construction..
Trans, and pub. util...
Finance..............
Service..............
Government...........

WASHINGTON
Seattle
Contract construction..
Manufacturing........
Trans, and pub. util...

Service 2/...........
Government...........

See footnotes at end of table.




21

Aren Employment
Tabte A -S : Em ptoyees in nonagricuttura! estabiishments
fo r detected areas, b y industry division - Continued
(In thousands)
Area and industry
division
WASHINGTON - Continued
Spokane
Total..............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service 2/.........
Government.........
Tacoma
Total.............. .
Contract construction.
Manufacturing...... .
Trans, and pub. util.,
Trade.............. .
Finance.............
Service 2/..........
Government..........

WEST VIRGINIA
Charleston
Total..............
Mining.............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............

Number of employees
1953July
June
July

69.5
5.2
14.4
8.3
18 .3
3-5
10.6
9.2

66.6
3.8
14.4
6.4
14.4
2.6
7.8
1 7 .2

89.6
1 1.2
4.5
2 5.9
10.4
17.5
2.7

68.8
5.2
14.2
8.3
17.9
3-4
10.7
9-1
69.6
3.7
1 7 .0
6.7
14.8
2.5
7.5
17.4

9 0.0
11.4
4.5
2 6 .0
10.4
17.5
2.7

71.3
5.3
1 5 .0
9.1
18.9
3.3
10.7
9.0

72.0
4.6
17.5
7.3
1 5 .0
2 .6
7.9
17.1

99-3
15.9
5-9
28.9
10.5
17-9
2 .8

Area and industry
division

.uy
Jl.

June

.T u l v

Charleston - Continued
Service............
Government * ....... .

8.7
8.8

8.8
8.8

8.7
8.9

Wheeling-Steubenville
Total...............
Mining.............
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.......
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade...............
Finance.............
Service.............
Government..........

109.4
5.6
4 .0
53.0
9.1
18.8
2 .8
9-4
6.8

110 .2
5.8
4 .0
53.5
9.0
18.9
2.8
9-7
6.7

113.1
6.8
4.4
53-8
1 0 .0
19.4
2 .6
9.5
6.7

WISCONSIN
Milwaukee
Manufacturing......

181.4

182.3

190.8

Racine
Manufacturing......

2 1 .1

21.6

24.1

2.9
1 .1
1.9
1.8
3.6
.4
2 .0

2.8
.9
2.0
1.7
3.5
.4
2.0

2.9
1.0
1 .9
1 .7
3 .5
.4
1 .8

WYOMING
Casper
Mining.............
Contract construction
Manufacturing......
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade..............
Finance............
Service............

* Does not conform with definition used for national series as shown in Glossary,
^l/ Not available.
2/ Includes mining.
3/ Revised series; not strictly comparable with previously published data.
4/ Includes mining and finance.
5/ Subarea of Nev York-Northeastern Nev Jersey.
6/ Includes mining and government.




Number of employees
J353-

Libor 1urnover
Tabte B-ls M on th iy !a b o r turnover rates !n m anufacturing industries,
by ctass o f turnover
(Per 100 emiiloyeea
Year

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

1939...............
1947...............
194a...............
1949....... .......
1950...............
1951...............
1952...............
1953 *****************
195b...............

3*2
4*9
4*3
4.6
3.1
4.1
4.0
3*8
l .3
l

2.6
4*5
4*7
4.1
3-0
3-8
3.9
3.6
3.5

3-1
4*9
4*5
4.8
2*9
4.1
3.7
it.l
3.7

3.5
5.2
4.7
4.8
2.8
4.6
4.1
i.
t3
3*8

1939...............
1947...............
1946...............
1949...............
1950...............
1951...............
1932....... .......
1953*****************
195b...............

0*9
3-5
2.6
1*7
1.1
2.1
1*9
2.1
l.l

0.6
3.2
2*5
1.4
1.0
3*1
1*9
2.2
1.0

0.8
3-5
2.8
1*6
1.2
2*5
2*0
2.5
1.0

1939...............
1947...............
1946...............
1949...............
1950...............
1951...............
195S...............
1953 *****************
195b...............

0.1
.4
.4
*3
*2
*3
*3
.3
.2

0.1
*4
*4
.3
*2
-3
*3
.t
i
.2

0.1
.4
.4
.3
.2
.3
*3
.t
i
.2

1939...............
1947...............
194a ...............
1949...............
1950...............
1951...............
195?...............
1953 *****************
195b...............

2.2
.9
1*2
2*5
1*7
1.0
1.4
*9
2.8

1*9
*8
1*7
2*3
1*7
.8
1.3
.8
2.2

2.2
*9
1*2
2.8
1.4
.8
1.1
.8
2.3

1947...............
1948...............
1949...............
1950...............
1951...............
1952...............
1953 *****************
I95it...............

0.1
.1
*1
*1
*7
*4
.t
i
.3

0.1
.1
.1
.1
.6
.4
.t
i
-2

0.1
.1
.1
.1
.5
.3
.3
.2

1939...............
1947....... .......

4.1
6.0
4.6
3-2
3.6
5*2
4.4
i.t
ti
2.8

3*1
5*0
3-9
2*9
3.2
4*5
?'9
b.2
2.5

3*3
5.1
4.0
3.0
3.6
4.6

1949...............
1950...............
1931...............
1932...............
1953 *****************
195b...............




?-9
t.b
2.8

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Total sei)aration
2.8
3*0
3*5
3*3
3.3
5.4
4.6
4*7
5-9
5*3
4.4
3-4
4*3
4*3
3-1
5.2
4.0
3-8
4.2
4.3
3.0
4.2
2*9
4*9
3-1
4.8
4.4
4*3
5*3
3*1
4.6
3*0
3*9
3*9
4.9
i .t
ti
i.2
t
i.
t8
5.2
it.3
3.3
3*1
3.3
Q Ait
i
0.8
0.8
1*1
0*7
0*7
0*7
4.0
3.7
3.5
3-1
4*3
3.1
2*8
3.4
3-0
2*9
2*9
3.9
1.6
1.4
1.8
2.1
1*7
1*3
3*4
1*6
1*8
1*7
1.3
2.9
2.4
2.8
3.1
2*7
2*3
3*1
2.2
2*2
3.0
2.2
2.2
3.3
2.6
2.7
2.9
2.7
2.5
3.1
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
Disc!large
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
*4
.4
.4
.4
.4
*4
.4
.4
*4
.4
.4
.3
*2
.2
*2
.2
.2
*3
*4
.4
.2
*3
.3
.3
*.
4
.4
*4
.4
*3
-3
.4
.3
-3
.3
.3
.3
.t
i
.t
i
.t
i
.t
i
.t
i
et
i
.2
.2
.2
.2
roff
1.6
2.6
2.1
2*7
2*3
2*3
1*0
1.4
1.0
.8
l.l
*9
1.0
1.0
1*2
1.2
1.1
l.l
2.8
1.8
2.1
1.8
3*3
2.3
.6
.6
1.2
1.1
*7
*9
1.0
1.4
1.0
1.2
1*3
1.3
1.0
1.1
2.2
1.1
*7
1*3
1.0
.9
1.1
.9
1.5
1.3
2*it
1.9
1.7
1.7
i
Mi!acellan<!oua. i lcludim mllitiury
0.1
0.1
0,1
0.1
0.1
0.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
*1
*1
*1
.1
.1
*1
.1
*1
.4
.2
.1
*1
*1
3
.4
.4
.4
*4
.4
.5
*3
.3
.3
-3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2 ___ 2
.2
.2
Total *
Mceaai<m
6.2
4.2
3*9
5.1
2*9
3-3
4.8
4.9
3*9
3-3
3*3
5.1
4.1
4.0
3*0
3*7
4*7
3-1
4.4
4.1
4.4
3*5
2*9
3-3
4.4
4.8
6.6
4*7
3.7
3-5
4.2
4*5
4*5
4*9
4*3
4*3
4.4
3*6
3*9
4*9
3.7
3*9
i.
t0
i.
tl
i.
tl
i.3
t
5.1
i.
t3
3.0
2.7
2.
it
3.5

Oct.

Nov.

2*9
3*0
4*3
4.1
4*3
4*7
4.2

3-0
4.0
4.1
4.0
3*8
4*3
3.3
i.2
t

3*3
3*7
4*3
3*2
3-6
3.3
3-4
i
t.0

0.9
3*6
2.8
1-3
2*7
2*3
2.8
2.1

0.8
2*7
2.2
1.2
2.1
1*9
2.1
1.5

0*7
2*3
1*7
*9
1*7
1*4
1*7
1.1

0.2
*4
*4
.2
.4
*4
.4
.t
i

0.2
.4
.4
.2
.3
.3
.4
.3

0.1
.4
.3
*2
*3
.3
3
.2

1.8
*9
1*2
2*3
.8
1.4
*7
1.8

2.0
.8
1.4
2*3
1.1
1*7
*7
2.3

2*7
.9
2.2
2*0
1.3
1.3
1.0

0.1
*1
.1
*4
*4
.3
.3

0.1
.1
.1
*3
*4
*3
.3

0.1

3.9
3.3
4*3
3.7
5.2
4.4
3.2
3.3

4.1
4.8
3-9
3.3
4.0
3-9
4.0
2.7

2.8
3.6
2*7
3-2
3.0
3.0
3-3
2.1

it.5

Dec.

2.5

.2

-23

Libor ! umo\er
Tabte B-2: M onthty tabor turnover rates in setected grou ps
and industries
(Per 100 employees)
Separation
Total

Discharge

Quit

Industry group and industry

Layoff

Misc.,incl.
military

accession

July
195it

June
195it

July
1951t

June
195it

July
1954

June
19^it

July June
195it 195it

July
195it

June
195it

July
I95it

June
195h

n/R/M?.......................

3.3

3.1

1.1

1.1

0.2

0.2

1.7

1.7

0.2

0.2

3.0

3.5

0Mrc6/g Coods......................
...................

3.5
2.8

3.5
2.6

1 .0
1.3

1 .0
1.1

.2
.2

.2
.2

2.1
1.1

2.0
1.1

.2
.1

.2
.1

2.9
3 .1

3.3
3 .8

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORtES.............

Q /)

2.7

( 1 /)

.9

(V )

.2

a / ) l.it

(1 /)

.2

(V )

2.2

FOOD AND KtNDRED PRODUCTS............ 3.7
it.l
3.1
Bakery products..... ....... ....... 3.3
Beverages:
(1 /)

3.it
it.3
2.1
3.3

1.2
.8
1.3
2.0

1.2
.8
1 .1
2.0

.3
.2
.it
.5

.3
.3
.4
.it

2 .0
3 .0
1.3
.6

1.7
2.9
.it
.8

.1
.1
.1
.1

.1
.2
.1
.1

it .l
ii.6
it.5
3.5

5.9
6 .1
5.1
it.9

1.7

( 1 /)

.5

(l/)

.1

(1 /)

.9

( 1 /)

.1

(V )

7 .0

1.8
1.7
2.0
1.7

2.0
l.it
2.6
1.5

l.it
1.3
1.6
.7

1.1
.8
1.5
.it

.2
.2
.2
.1

.2
.3
.2
.2

.1
.1
.1
.3

.5
.1
.8
.it

.1
.1
.1
.6

.2
.3
.1
.5

3.3
3.9
2.9
2.9

2.8
3.3
2.6
1.5

3.0
3.2
Broad-woven fabric mills............ 2.9
2.8
ii.O
2.5
1.7
2.7
3.1
Dyeing and finishing textiles....... 2.6
Carpets, rugs, other floor coverings.. it.l

2.8
2.9
3.1
3.0
tt.it
2.8
3.1
2.3
2.5
1.8
2.2

1.3
1.5
1.3
1 .4
1.2
1.6
1.2
1 .6
2.2
.7
.it

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.2
.9
1.3
1.1
1.5
1.5
.7
.it

.2
.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
.1
.1
( 2 /)
.1
.2

.2
.2
.2
.2
.it
.1
.1
.1
.1
.2
.1

1.3
l.it
l.l
1.0
2.2
.6
.3
.7
.8
1.7
3.1

l.it
1.5
l.it
1.3
2.8
1.2
1.8
.3
.9
.8
1.3

.3
.1
.3
.3
.4
.1
.1
.3
( 2 /)
.1
.5

.2
.1
.3
.3
.3
.1
.1
.3
.1
.1
.it

3.0
it.it
3.1
3 .0
ii.2
3.3
l.it
2.6
5.3
1.6
2.2

3.2
3 .0
3.3
3 .0
7.0
3 .6
2.2
5 .1
3.5
2.5
2.6

3.3
3.6

3.2
2.4

2.3
1.7

1.9
.9

.1
.1

.1
.1

.6
1.4

1.2
1.2

.1
.it

.1
.1

it .l
3.5

it .l
5.1

3.3

3.6

2.6

1.9

.1

.1

.5

1.6

.1

(2 /)

5 .0

it.3

3.8
it.6
3.8

3.7
lt.it
3.7

2.0
3.8
1.6

2.2
3.0
2 .it

.2
( 2 /)
.3

.3
.3
.2

1.3

.3
.3
.2

.2
.3
.2

it.3
4 . it
3.5

5.5

1.7

1.0
.8
.9

8.8
4 .9

1.7

1.9

1 .2

1.1

.1

.1

.3

.it

.1

.1

5.3

3.7

FURNtTURE AND F!XTURES..............

2.5

Other furniture and fixtures........

2.9
1.8

3.5
it.l
2.2

1.5
1.7
1 .0

1.3
1.3
1.2

.2
.2
.2

.2
.3
.1

.7
.9
.3

1.8
2.3
.7

.2
.1
.3

.2
.2
.1

5.0
5.it
it.2

5.9
6.3
5 .0

PAPER AND ALL!ED PRODUCTS............
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills..
.
Paperboard containers and boxes.....

2.5
1.6
2.5

2.2
l.ii
2.3

1.0
.7
1 .6

1.1
.7
1.4

.2
.1
.3

.2
.1
.2

l.l
.5
.it

.8
.3

.1
.2
.1

.2
.3
.2

2.3
2.1
3.it

3.5
3.2
3.7

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES................

TEXT!LE-M!LL PRODUCTS...............

APPAREL AND OTHER F!N!SHED TEXTtLE
PRODUCTS..........................
Men's and boys' suits and coats.....
Men's and boys' furnishings and

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
FURN!TURE).........................
Logging camps and contractors.....
Sawmills and planing mills..........
Millwork, plywood, and prefabricated
structural wood products...........

See footnotes at end of table.

-2k.




.5

.5

Libor

Turnover

T a b ). B -2: M on th !y tabor turnover rates in se!ected grou ps
and industries - Continued
( P e r 100 e m p l o y e e s )
Separation
Total
I n d u s t r y group

and i n d u s t r y

T otal

July

June

Quit

July

Discharge

June

July

June

M is c., in c l.
m ilita ry

L ayoff

July

June

July

June

July

June

1 5 * 1 5 t I95h 1 5 t 1 5 t I 5 t i 5 t 1 it 1 5 t 1 5 t 1 5 t 1 5i
91
9i
9i
9i
9i
9i
95
9i
9i
9 t
9i
CHEM!CALS AMD ALUED PRODUCTS.......

0.2
.1
.1

0.1 0.6
.2
.6
.1
.7
(2/)
.1 0/)
.2
.1
.1

0.7
.9

1.1
PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL......

1.1
.6

.8
.7

.h
.2

.3
.2

RUBBER PRODUCTS........... .......

2.3
.8
1.5
3.7

2.6
1.3
1.7
i.
tO

.
7
.3
.9
.9

.8
.7
.9
1.0

.1
.1
.1
.1

3.1
3.3
3.0

2i
.t
2.0
2.5

1.9
.
8
2.1

1.6
.9
1.7

3.2
5.7
1.1
2.2
1.2

2.7
3.6
1.0
2.7
3i
.t

.
3
.7
.6
1.0
.7

2.2

2.5

.6

in org a n ic

c h e m i c a l s ..................

1.7
1.8
1.6

0.6
.7
.t
i
i
(i/) .t
.8
(V)
.6
.5

1.3
1.5
1.5
2.0
1.2
1.1

Indu strial

(.V)

T ires

and i n n e r t u b e s ........................................

LEATHER AMD LEATHER PRODUCTS........
F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) .................................

STOWE, CLAY, AMD GLASS PRODUCTS.....

PRtMARY METAL !MDUSTR!ES...........
B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e l w o r k s , and
r o l l i n g m i l l s ..........................................................

o.5 0.2
.t
i
.3
.2
.9
li
.t
.2 (V)
.2
.3

0.1
.1
.1
.2
.2
.1

1.9
1.9
1.1
1.9

2.7
3.0
2.7
3.7
1.9
2.5

.t
i
.2

.3
.2

.2
.2

.2
.2

1.0
.7

2.C
1.8

.1
.1
.1
.2

li
.t
.2
.t
i
2.5

li
.t
.t
i
.6
2.6

.2
.2
.1
.
2

.2
.3
.1
.2

2.0
1.3
1.7
2.6

2.8
2.5
3.0
3.0

.2
.1
.3

.2
.1
.2

.7
2.1
.t
i

.5
.t
i

.2
.3
.2

.1
.2
.1

i.
t0
2.1
i.t
ti

i.2
t
3.7
i.
t3

.8
.7
.7
1.0
1.3

.1
.1
.1
.1
.1

.1 2.1
t
.1 i.6
.2 (^/)
.2
.
8
.3
.3

1.6
2.6
.1
1.3
1.7

.2
.3
.5
.2
.1

.2
.2
.1
.1
.1

3.0
3.7
1.5
3.2
li
.t

3.2
3.9
i.
t0
3.2
2i
.t

.6

.1

.1

1.2

1.5

.2

2i
.t

.9
1.6
1.5
li
.t
1.7

1.1
2.5
3.0
l.l
2.5

.3
.2
.2
.3
.3
.
2

2.3

.2
.1
.1
.2
.
2

2.3
2.2
2^6
2.2
1.7

2.2
2.9
3.2
2.2
2.8

.1
.1
(2/) (2/)

.8

f o u n d r i e s ...........................................

S t e e l f o u n d r i e s .....................................................
P r i m a r y s m e l t i n g and r e f i n i n g o f
n on ferrou s m etals:
P r i m a r y s m e l t i n g and r e f i n i n g o f
c o p p e r , l e a d , and z i n c .................................
R o l l i n g , d r a w i n g , and a l l o y i n g o f
non ferrou s m etals:
R o l l i n g , d r a w i n g , and a l l o y i n g o f
c o p p e r .........................................................................
Other prim ary m etal

ha nd t o o l s ,




.5
.8
1.0
l.l
.5

.5
.8
.8
.9
.6

.1 (2/)
.2 *.2
.2
.3
.1
.3
.2
.3

1.3

1.1

.5

.5

.2

.1

.t
i

.2

.2

.2

2.1

2i
.t

1.0
5.0

li
.t
h.5

.t
i
.7

.t
i
1.0

.1
.2

.1
.t
i

.t
i
3.6

.5
2.8

.1
.
5

.t
i
.3

1.0
3.3

1.8
3.7

51
.i

.3

.6

.1

.1

1.2

i.
t5

.1

.2

2.8

1.7

i.2
t
3.2
3.7
1.9
3.7

it.o

1.0
.9
.6
.5
1.2

1.0
.9
.6
.6
1.1

.2
.1
.2
.1
.1

.3
.2
.2
.1
.2

2.7
1.8
2.7
1.1
2.0

2.5
2.5

.2
.3
.
2
.2
.3

.2
.
2
.1
.1
.2

2.9
2.0
1.0
1.2
2.8

3.9
2i
.t
2.2
2.2
2.6

in du stries:

FABRtCATEO METAL PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
OROMAMCE, MACHtMERY, A M
TRAMSPORTATtOH EQUtPMEMT)..........
C u tle ry,

1.9
3.8
i.
t3
2.5
3.7

2.2

G ray-iron

1.8
2.8
3.0
2.7
2.6

and h a r d w a r e ..........

3.7
2.0
3.0
i.
t6

1 .1

2.2
3.1

L jb o t

ium ^\

Tab!e B -2: M onthty !a b or turnover rates in setected groups
and industries - Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Separation
Industry group and industry

Total

Quit

Discharge

Total
L ayo ff

Misc.,incl.
military

accession

July June July June July June July June July June July June
195it I95it 195it 195it 195it 195it 195it 195it 195it 195it 195it I95it
FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
ORDMAMCE, MACHtMERY, AMD
TRAMSPORTAT!OH EQU!PMEHT)-Continued
Heating apparatus (except electric)
and plumbers' supplies............
Sanitary ware and plumbers'

Agricultural machinery and tractors..
Construction and mining machinery....
Metalworking machinery (except
machine tools).....................
Machine-tool accessories..........
Special-industry machinery (except
metalworking machinery)...........
General industrial machinery.......
Office and store machines and

1.3

0.5

0.6

1.5

1.6

O.
it

0.2

it.5

6.i*

3.3

1.0

1.0

.7

.5

1.3

1.6

.1

.1

5.6

6.6

3.7

it.0

1.1

1.5

.t
i

.6

1.6

1.5

.6

.3

3.7

6.2

2i
.t

1.0

l.l

.2

.t
i

l.it

.8

.2

.1

2.1

3.9

7.8

7.2

.9

1.0

.1

.1

6.3

5.8

.5

.3

i.t
ti

it.0

3.1
3 t
.i
(V)
275
3.1
2.I
t

3.1
2.9
3.5
2.6
3.0
2.6

.8
.7
(1/)
1.0
.7
.5

.1
.1
(1/)
a
.i
.i

.2
.1
.2
.2
.1
.1

2.0
2 t
.i
(1/)
1.1
2.0
1.6

1.9
2.0
2.3
1.3
1.9
1.7

.3
.2
(1/)
.2
.2
.3

.2
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2

1.7
1.8
(V)
2.5
.9
.8

2.2
2.2
2.3
2.5
1.6
l.it

3.3
i
t.0

2.9
3.9

1.1
.9

.9
1.0

.i
.2

.2
.2

2.0
2.7

1.6
2.6

.1
.3

.1
.2

.8
1.2

1.3
2.3

2.6
1.9

2.7
2.7

.9
.6

.9
.8

.2
.1

.2
.2

1.3
1.1

1.5
1.5

.2
.2

.2
.2

1.2
1.3

2.2
2.5

i .l
t

MACH!MERY (EXCEPT ELECTR!CAL).......

1.0

2.8
Metal stamping, coating, and
engraving........................

3.7

3.1
Oilburners, nonelectric heating
and cooking apparatus, not else­
where classified................
Fabricated structural metal

3
.it

1.8

1.2

1.0

.2

.1

2.5

.6

.3

.1

2.0

2.8

5.9
1.8

6.5
1.9

.8
.7

.8
.6

.3
.1

.5
.1

i 3
t.
.8

i
t.8
.9

.5
.2

.t
i
.2

3.2
1.5

2.6
2.1

2.8

3.3

1.2

1.0

.2

.2

1.2

1.8

.1

.2

3.2

2.7

2.7
(1/)

2.9
3.1

.8
(1/)

.9
1.2

.1
(1/)

.1
.2

1.5
(l/>

1.7
l.it

.3
(V)

.2
.3

l.it
(1/)

1.6
3.1

3.0
(1/)

3 it
.
2.3

1.6
(1/)

1.1
.9

.2
(V)

.2
.1

1.1
(1/)

1.7
1.0

.3
.3

5.o
(i/>

3.8
1.1

2.6

i
t.0

1.0

.9

.3

.2

1.2

2.8

.1

.2

i .2
t

3.7

5 it
.
7.1
2.6
2.2
i .t
ti
2.7
i.
t7

it.6
i 6
t.
2.8
2i
.t
i.
t5
3.1
2.3

1.0
.5
1.3
l.it
1.0
1.2
1.2

1.1
.6
l.it
1.5
1.1 ;
1.5
1.0

.2
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3

.2
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3

3.7
5.8
.9
.5
2.8
1.1
3.1

3.0
3.3
1.0
.5
3.1
1.3
.9

.3
.6
.2
.1
.t
i
.2
.1

.t
i
.5
.2
.2
.2
.1
(2/)

3.6
3.5
2.5
2.7
l.it
2.1
3.5

3.7
3.1
2.8
3.0
1.8
3.3
3.5

.8
.6
.7
.9
.8
.6

Service-industry and household
Miscellaneous machinery parts......
ELECTRtCAL MACHtMERY...............
Electrical generating, transmis­
sion, distribution, and
industrial apparatus..............
Communication equipment............
Radios, phonographs, television
Telephone, telegraph, and related equipment*
Electrical appliances, lamps, and
miscellaneous products.......... .
TRAMSPORTAT!0M EQUtPMEMT............
Aircraft and parts.................
Aircraft engines and parts.... .
Aircraft propellers and parts. ^ . . .
Other aircraft parts and equipment..

See footnotes at end of table.

26




Labor Turnover
Tabte B -2: M onthty tabor turnover rates in setected grou ps
and industries - Continued
( P e r 100 e m p l o y e e s )
Separation
Total
I n d u s t r y group

Q u it

D ischarge

and i n d u s t r y

Total
M ise ., in c l.
m ilita ry

L ayoff

accession

July June July June July June July
193it 193h 193it 193it 1954 193it 1 9 %

June
19%

July
1954

June July
193it 1954

June
193it

1.8
.8
.t
i
1.1
.t
i

0.8
.2
(i/1
.2
(2/)

0.3
.2
.1
.3
(2/)

9.2
7.2
(1/)
7.6
.t
I

10.6
9.9
9.9
9.9
1.1

0.3

0.3
.9
1.2
.6
.1

10.6
3.4

11.2
3.0
1.9
6.9
1.9

.1
(2/)
.1

.9
Q/)
1.3

l.it
1.2
it.O

fRANSPORTAT! O EQU!PMENT-continued
N
S h i p and b o a t b u i l d i n g

and

R a i l r o a d equipm ent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R ailroad

and s t r e e t

12.1
8.6

c a r s ............................

3.2
!HSTRUMEMTS AM RELATED PRODUCTS............
D

13.2
11.8
11.6
11.9
1.6

1.9
.7
.8
2.8

3 .0

.3

.2

1 .2

2.3

1.8

.3

.2

2.3

i.
tl

1.3

.1

.1

1 .2

1.9

(1/)
(1/)
.3
.6

.3
.1
.t
i
.6

(1 /)
(I/)

.1

1.0
2.it
.1
.2

2.8
2 .2

3.3
1.2
i.
t3
3.6

.3

9.1

.2

.1

1 .2

.7

.1

.1

1 .6

.9

(1/)

.1
.3

-7

.1
(1/)
.1

1.7

2.0

.7

.6

.1

.1

.6

1.0

it.O

3.6

1.3

1.3

.2

.2

2.2

2.1

3.0

1.3

1.2

.1

.1

.7

L ea d and z i n c m i n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 .5
2 .2

3.8 (1/)
3.0 (V)
3 i 3.1
.t
2.6 1.3

72
.2

.t
i
(2/)
.3
.1

(2/)

ANTHRAC!TE M)N!NG.............................................

1 .0

9.8

(2/)

(2/)

and s c i e n t i f i c

MtSCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURE
!NDUSTR!E3 . ........................................................
Jew elry,

1 .6

2.0
1.7
2.1

.6

%

7 .3
(1 /)

.7
(1/)
.7

P rofession al

n.2

.2 ' .1
.1
(1/)
.2
.1

2.3
1.9
3.0

2.0

.5
(1 /)
*3
(2/)

silv erw a re,

and p l a t e d

METAL MtNtNG........................................................

B!TUM!N0US-C0AL M!N!N6 ..................................

.5

2.2

.5

1.6
1 .$

3 .7

2.1
.t
I
2.6
1.7

(1 /)
30

.4
1

.1

(2/)

3 .0

(V)
(1/)

.1
(2/)

(1 ^)
(V)

1.6

C0MMUN!CAT!0N:

1.3
.9

.1
.2

2.3
2.3

l/ Not available.
2/ Less than 0.03.

3/ Data for May are: 3.1, 0.9, 0.1, 1.9, 0.2, and 0.7.
i / Data relate to domestic employees except messengers and those compensated entirely on a commission
t
basis!




27




Hours and Earnings
Tab!* C -l: Hours an d gross

earnings o f prod u ction w orkers

o r nonsupervisory em p toy ees

Average weekly
earnings

Average w eekly
hours

Average h o u r ly
earn in g s

July

June

July

July

June

July

July

June

July

1954

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

$ 8 3.21
82.34
86.32
74 .4 0

$83.84
8 1 .3 2

40.2
37-6
41.7
4o .o

40 .7
38 .0

42.7
42.4

$2.06

2.19

2.14

$ 2 .&
2.2 6

87.34
74.07

$86.82
95.82
86.33
7 9 .5 2

$ 2.07

I r o n m i n i n g ..................................................................
C o p p e r m i n i n g .............................................................
Le a d and z i n c m i n i n g ...........................................

42.4
39.4

4 3 .6

2.07

2.06

41.2

1.86

1.88

1.98
1.93

ANTHRAC!TE...............................................................

74.0 9

96.20

83.89

29.4

36.3

34.1

2.5 2

2.6 5

2.46

B!TUM!N0US-C0AL....................................................

75.39

83.00

84.97

30.4

33.2

34.4

2.48

2.50

2 .4 7

s e r v i c e s ) ..........................

92.80

90.63

9 2.74

4 0 .7

4o . i

41.4

2.28

2.26

2.24

NONMETALL!C M!W!NG AND QUARRY!NG..............

79.47

78 .5 8

77.63

4 4 .9

4 4 .9

45.4

1.77

1.75

1 .7 1

C<WSnM/C77M ................................................

95.88

95.63

9 1.8 2

3 8 .2

3 8 .1

3 8 .1

2 .5 1

2.51

2.41

NONBU!LD!NG C0NSTRUCT!0N..................................

97.52

42.4

95.65

41.2

4 0 .7

2.30
2 .1 7
2.43

2.30

43.8

41.8
42.7
4i . i

4 1 .7

88.37

O t h e r n o n b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n ..................

9 6 .14
9 1 .8 1
100.28

92.57

95.0 5
10 0 .12

2.15
2.44

2.22
2.06
2.35

BU!LD!NG CONSTRUCT!ON.........................................

95.09

95.72

91.64

37-0

37.1

37.1

2.57

2 .58

2.47

GENERAL CONTRACTORS...........................................
SPEC!AL-TRADE COWTRACTORS.............................

89.67

90.04

37.1

10 3 .4 1

37.4
36.9
37-6
35.2
39.1

2.43
2.68
2.69
2 .6 1

2.33
2. %

2.94

c o n t r a c t o r s ...............

103.03
92.66
1 1 2 .3 1
9 6 .1 5

36.9
37.2
38.3
35.4
39.1

2.44

99.70

87.14
95.20

36 .9

99.43

3 6 .6

3 6 .4

....................................................................

70 .92

DURABLE GOODS...........................................................
NONDURABLE GOODS....................................................

75.83

" " " " "

" "

METAL M!N!NG...........................................................

CRUDE-PETROLEUM AM NATURAL-GAS
D
PRODUCT!0N:
(except

con tract

P l u m b i n g and h e a t i n g ...........................................

92.04
113.39
95.89

9 7 .0 1
88.35
109.48

38 .3

35.5

42.9

2.6 2

2.68
2 .70
2.60
2.90
2.62

2 .5 4

2.38

2.51
2.80

92.46

3 8 .2
3 6 .7

7 1 .6 8

71.33

39-4

39.6

40 .3

1.8 0

1 .8 1

1 .7 7

6 4.74

76.40
64.57

76 .70
6 3.76

39.7
39.0

4o .o
38.9

40.8
39.6

1.91

1.91

1 .6 6

1 .6 6

1 .8 8
1 .6 1

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSOR!ES................................

79-40

79.40

77.87

39-9

4o . i

41.2

1.99

1 .9 8

1 .8 9

FOOD AND K!MDRED PRODUCTS..............................

69.72
7 8 .1 7
8 1.0 6

69.55
75.85

6 6 .72
72 .8 5

4 1 .5

41.7

1 .6 8
1 .8 7

75.52

40.6
42.6

1.93
1.84

71.36
75.05
72.14
53.27

69.73

4 4 .7
4 7 .2

1 .6 2
1.6 0
1.6 8

1 .6 8
1 .8 5
1 .9 1
1 .8 5
1.6 0

1.6 0

4 0 .7

78.50
7 6 .4 1

41.4
4i . o
4i . i
41.3
44.6

1 .%

1.59

1.53

Other s p e c i a l - t r a d e

Meat p a c k i n g , w h o l e s a l e .................................
S a u s a g e s and c a s i n g s .........................................
D a i r y p r o d u c t s ..........................................................
C o n d e n s e d and e v a p o r a t e d m i l k ..................

77.65
71.93
73.92
73.92
54.63
56.02

C anned f r u i t s , v e g e t a b l e s , and s o u p s .
G r a i n - m i l l p r o d u c t s ..............................................
F l o u r and o t h e r g r a i n - m i l l p r o d u c t s . .
P r e p a r e d f e e d s ........................................................
B r e a d and o t h e r b a k e r y p r o d u c t s .............
B i s c u i t s , c r a c k e r s , and p r e t z e l s ...........
C a n e - s u g a r r e f i n i n g ...........................................
B e e t s u g a r ..................................................................
C o n f e c t i o n e r y and r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s . . . .

55.20
77-06
82.34

73.16
66.64
7 0 .2 1
6 2 .3 1
72 .9 2

77-28
70 .98

55.58

44.87
56.70
76 .3 2
78 .23

74.10
6 8 .3 1
69.72
63.24
72 .6 3
76.8 6
70.88

S ee

footnotes

a t en d o f t a b l e .




7 2 .7 4

4 5 .6

76.84
69.77
65.73

46.0
46.6
4i . i
M .3
40.2
41.2
42.0
4o . i

7 4 .5 5
7 2 .2 2
70 .68
54.00
56.92

67.46
5 8 .18

73.79
79.56
67.83

95.30

64.08
97.45

38.6
38.0
4 1 .5
43.0
4i . i

74.31

7 1 .0 5

39-3

57.17
55.04

52 .4 4
8 1 .7 6
63.64
M a l t l i q u o r s .............................................................
D i s t i l l e d , r e c t i f i e d , and b l e n d e d
l i q u o r s .......................................................................

54.78

41.8
42.0
42.2
44.4
46.2
44.0
39.3
37.1
4o .o

80.36
63.62

97.00
75.65

53.10
50 .65
80.60

4 7 .2
4 3 .2
38 .6
3 1 .6
40.5

45.7
44.7
47.5
41.4
41.5
4o .8
41.5
42.0
40.5
39.7
39.6
4l . i
42.7

43.9
40.3

35-8
4 1 .5

44.9
4 5 .3

45.9
41.6
41.9
40.4
42.9
44.2
39.9

1.39
1.51
1 .3 8
1 .6 9

1.79
1.57
1 .6 7
1 .7 0

1.55
1.77
1.84
1.77
1.44

1 .6 7
1 .3 8

1.42
l . 4o
1 .6 7

1.75
l.%
1 .6 5
1.6 8

1.55
1.75
1.8 3

1.79
1.8 6

1.75
1 .6 1

1.34
1.59
1 .3 2
1 .6 2
1 .7 0
1 .5 2
1 .5 8
1 .6 1

1.44
1 .7 2
1.8 0
1 .7 0

1 .3 8

1.97
1.48

1 .9 6
1 .4 9

1 .8 7

40 .9

37.8
43.1
44.5
43.7

1.75
1.44
1.39

2 .3 6

2.33

2.23

38.5

38 .2

1.93

1.93

1.86

38 .2

1.39
1.34
1.44

.22-

Hours and Ejm m gs
Tabie C -l: Hours and gross earn in gs of prod u ction w ork ers
o r nonsupervisory em p toy ees - C ontinued

Average w eekly
hours
Industry

group

Average h o u r ly
earn in g s

and i n d u s t r y

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

$65.73
35.93
66.13

#65.31
80.90
64.18

$63.57
81.78
65.00

41.9
43.4
46.9

41.6
41.7
45.2

42.1
43.5
47.1

$1.57
1.98
1.41

$1.57
1.94
1.42

$1-51
1.88
1.38

51.79
67.57
42.11
52.20
42.33

51.71
65.53
42.21
53.oe
47.00

47.87
58.89
41.22
50.63
41.65

37.8
41.2
36.3
36.5
34.7

38.3
40.7
36.7
37-6
37-9

37.4
39.0
36.8
37-5
35-6

1.37
1.64
1.16
1.43
1.22

1.35
1.6l
1.15
l.4l
1.24

1.28
1.51
1.12
1-35
1.17

51.27
65.51
45.76
45.51
47.75
49.26
47.62
54.14
46.25
60.19
53.41
47.53
52.33
53-25
52.12
39.85
42.71
39.38
52.03
44.90
59.55

51.41
65.03
45.50
45.13
47.63
49.63
47.49
54.53
46.13
62.68
54.23
48.34
54.09
54.96
53.58
40.63
44.25
40.15
52.13
45.02
59.90

53.18
66.14
49.15
49.15
49.39
52.93
50.70
55.86
49.27
64.06
53.96
47-99
54.66
55.72
53.40
39.79
44.01
38.84
50.25
44.96
60.64

37-7
43.1
36.9
36.7
37.6
37-6
37.2
38.4
37-0
39.6
38.7
36.6
35.6
35.5
35.7
35-9
36.5
35-8
37.7
36.8
39-7

37.8
40.9
36.4
36.1
37-5
37.6
37-1
38.4
36.9
40.7
39.3
36.9
36.3
36.4
36.2
36.6
37-5
36.5
37-5
36.9
40.2

39-1
41.6
38.7
38.7
39-2
39-5
39-3
39.9
39.1
40.8
39-1
37.2
36.2
36.9
35-6
36.5
37-3
36.3
37.5
38.1
40.7

1.36
1.52
1.24
1.24
1.27
1.31
1.28
1.41
1.25
1.52
1.38
1.30
1.47
1.50
1.46
1.11
1.17
1.10
1.38
1.22
1.50

1.36
1.59
1.25
1.25
1.27
I.32
1.28
1.42
1.25
1.54
1.38
1.31
1.49
1.51
1.48
l.ll
1.18
1.10
1.39
1.22
1.49

1.36
1.59
1.27
1.27
1.26
1.34
1.29
i.4o
1.26
1.57
1.38
1.29
1.51
1.51
1.50
1.09
1.18
1.07
1.34
1.18
1.49

59.15
68.60
65.39
53-40
61.39

59.64
68.38
65.02
54.96
61.69

60.09
69.20
66.39
51.80
62.73

39-7
39-2
37.8
35.6
39-1

40.3
39-3
37.8
36.4
39.8

40.6
4o.o
38.6
35-0
4i.o

1.49
1.75
1.73
1.50
1.57

1.48
1.74
1.72
1.51
1.55

1.48
1.73
1.72
1.48
1.53

68.73
60.39
65.80
50.87

71.40
60.31
64.71
51.29

69.19
62.37
65.94
50.88

39-5
36.6
39.4
41.7

40.8
37-0
39-7
41.7

40.7
38.5
42.0
42.4

1.74
1.65
1.67
1.22

1.75
1.63
1.63
1.23

1.70
1.62
1.57
1.20

74.03
52.88

79.61
52.06

80.64
53.72

40.9
38.6

43.5
38.0

44.8
39-5

1.81
1.37

1.83
1.37

1.80
1.36

47.17
56.83

46.55
55.08

47.88
57.41

35.2
35-3

35.0
34.0

36.0
36.8

1.34
1.61

1.33
1.62

1.33
1.56

39.76
39.73
41.77
33.37
50.66
48.72
37-77
66.44
42.24

4o.oo
39.67
40.83
34.04
48.53
47.91
38.86
60.59
43.91

40.96
41.13
43.66
34.22
52.59
48.76
38.45
68.34
41.54

35-5
35-2
35.7
35.5
34.0
33.6
35.3
33-9
35.2

35-4
34.8
34.6
36.6
33-7
33.5
34.7
32.4
35-7

36.9
36.4
37-0
37.2
34.6
34.1
35.6
34.0
35.5

1.12
1.13
1.17
.94
1.49
1.45
1.07
1.96
1.20

1.13
1.14
1.18
.93
1.44
1.43
1.12
1.87
1.23

1 .1 1
1.13
1.18
.92
1.52
1.43
1.08
2.01
1.17

39-55
46.28
54.54
45.76

40.24
48.51
52.33
45.38

39.29
44.50
58.55
45.51

35-0
35.6
34.3
37-2

35.3
36.2
32.5
37.2

35.4
35.6
35-7
37.0

1.13
1.30
1.59
1.23

1.14
1.34
1.61
1.22

l.ll
1.25
1.64
1.23

FOOD AMD KtHDRED PROOUCTS-Continued
M iscella n eou s

f o o d p r o d u c t s ..............................

TOBACCO MAMUPACTURES..................

T o b a c c o s te m m in g and r e d r y i n g .........................

TEXHLE-M!LL PRODUCTS............ .....
S courin g

C otton,

and c o m b i n g p l a n t s ..............................

s ilk ,

sy n th etic

f i b e r .......................

N ar row f a b r i c s and s m a l l w a r e s .........................
K n i t t i n g m i l l s ...............................................................

D y e i n g and f i n i s h i n g t e x t i l e s .........................
D y e i n g and f i n i s h i n g t e x t i l e s ( e x c e p t
C arpets, ru gs, o th er f l o o r c o v e r i n g s . . . .
Wool c a r p e t s , r u g s , and c a r p e t y a r n . . . .
H a ts ( e x c e p t c l o t h and m i l l i n e r y ) ...............
M i s c e l l a n e o u s t e x t i l e g o o d s ..............................
F e l t g o o d s ( e x c e p t w ov en f e l t s and

P a d d i n g s and u p h o l s t e r y f i l l i n g ..................
P r o c e s s e d w a s t e and r e c o v e r e d f i b e r s . . .
A r t i f i c i a l l e a t h e r , o i l c l o t h , and

APPAREL AMD OTHER F!M!SHED TEXTILE
PRODUCTS............................
M e n 's and b o y s '
M e n 's and b o y s '

Women's s u i t s ,

s u i t s and c o a t s ....................
f u r n i s h i n g s and wor k

coats,

and s k i r t s ...............

U nde rw ear and n i g h t w e a r , e x c e p t
c o r s e t s ............................................................................
C o r s e t s and a l l i e d g a r m e n t s ............................
M i l l i n e r y ............................................................................
C h i l d r e n - s o u t e r w e a r ................................................
S ee

footn otes

a t end o f t a b l e .

-33.




Hours and Earnings
Tabte C -l: Hours an d gross earnings of production w orkers
or n on supervisory em ptoyees - Continued

A verage w eekly
hours
Industry

*"^:ingr'"

g r o u p and i n d u s t r y

July
1954

June

July
1953

July

1954

June
1954

July

1954

1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

$41.88
46.61

$42.59
47.23

$43.07
47.37

34.9
36.7

35-2
36.9

36.5
37.3

$1.20
1.27

$1.21

$1.18

1.28

1.27

41.29
51.30

40.18

49.52
52.66

35.9
38.0
4o.o

35.7
37.0
39-4

36.2
37.8

1.15
1.35
1.32

1.16

52.80

4l.4l
49.95
53.19

1.11
1.31
1.31

63.34
66.70

79.18

64.1?
64.74

68.80
69.38

67.16
83.84
65.85

4o.6
37.9
4i.4

40.9
39.2
41.2
41.3
42.5
39.8

40.7
40.5
4o.4

APPAREL AM OTHER F!M!SHED TEXHLE
D
PRODUCTS-Continued
M i s c e l l a n e o u s a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r i e s . . .
O t h e r f a b r i c a t e d t e x t i l e p r o d u c t s ................
C u r t a i n s , d r a p e r i e s , and o t h e r
h o u s e f u r n i s h i n g s .....................................................
T e x t i l e b a g s ..................................................................
C an va s p r o d u c t s ...........................................................

LUMBER AM W
D OOD PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
FURMtTURE)..................................................................

Sawmills and planing mills............
Sawmills and planing mills, general....
South
W e s t ....................................................................................
M i l l w o r k , p l y w o o d , and p r e f a b r i c a t e d
s t r u c t u r a l woo d p r o d u c t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44.20

66.66
43.98

85.47

66.76

41.5
42.9

83.11

38.5

68.97
70.90

71.90
71.99

68.31
68.72
69.89
51.28
51.25
55.06

45.05

64.80
Wooden b o x e s , o t h e r t h a n c i g a r .....................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s wo od p r o d u c t s ...............................

68.71

49.23
49.08
53.33

71.81
51.16
51.56

55.08

FURMtTURE AM F!XTURES.........................................
D

62.02

62.17

H o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e ...................................................
Wood h o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e , e x c e p t

59.04

59.19

52.92
62.05
67.20
69.32

69.32
58.80

41.3
42.2

4o.o
39.7
39.9
39.8

40.2

1.35
1.35

I .65

I .56
1.76
1.55
I .56

1.05

1.68
2.02
I .67
1.68
1.04

2.22

2.18

41.4

1.67

41.9
41.6

1.68
1.62

40.7

1.24

41.0
41.4

1.23
1.34

1.72
1.69
1.76
1.26
1.27

1.68
1.26
1.25

1.35

1.33

39.6
39.2

39.9
39.6

1.57
1.51

1.57
1.51

1.53

40.9
38.0

1.36
1.63
1.67

1.33

39.2

1.35
1.62
1.68

1.70
1.52
1.85

41.8
42.6
40.8
4o.6
40.6
4o.8

40.4
42.7
38.3

2.07

I .63
I .65
1.03
2.17
I .65
1.64

61.05
58.21

39.5

54.26

54.40

61.13
65.63

61.56

39.2
38.3

64.68

4o.o

39-9
37-5
39.3

69.19

40.7

1.72

39.2
4o.6

39.0
39-3

1.46

77.14

40.3
40.3
39.1

40.3

59.28
72.71

1.90

1.72
1.50
1.90

74.80

75.14

70.56

4o.o

4o.4

39.2

1.87

1.86

1.80

and f i x t u r e s .........................................

64.17

64.74

61.42

41.4

41.5

41.5

1.55

1.56

1.48

PAPER AM ALL!ED PRODUCTS..................................
D

74.20
81.03

74.20

73.44

42.4

42.4

43.2

1.75

1.75

79.79
69.14

80.10
67.36

43.8

43.6

4l.o
41.1

65.31

1.85
1.67
1.65
1.85
1.63

1.83
1.67
1.66
1.83
1.63

1.70
1.80
1.60

4o.o
40.9

41.4
41.6
39.6
4i.o

44.5
42.1
42.1
41.7
41.6

38.7

Wood h o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e , u p h o l s t e r e d . .
M a t t r e s s e s and b e d s p r i n g s .................................
O f f i c e , p u b l i c - b u i l d i n g , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l f u r n i t u r e .........................................

58.84
74.29
P a rtition s,

fu rn itu re

sh elvin g ,

lock ers,

and

68.47
P a p e r b o a r d b o x e s ........................................................

Other paper and allied products.......
PRtMHM6, PUBUSHtMS, AM ALLtED
D
tMDUSTRtES..................................................................

39.1

67.82
74.00
66.67

69.06

86.78
92.26
88.03

86.94
93.50

84.75

38.4

38.3

90.36

36.1

85.63
75.66
85.02
88.91

85.84
72.35

72.47

66.83

66.94
71.72

1.47

1.62
1.65

1.59

1.72
1.57

2.26

2.27

2.57
2.24
1.94

2.59

38.4
39.2
39.0
4o.6
37-7
39.5

36.0
40.3
38.9
4o.o
41.2
35.9
39.2

2.19
i.4o

1.72

1.37
1.73

2.09
2.12
1.26
1.68

2.23

2.19
2.51
2.13

1.93

1.86

52.08
67.77

.............................................................
..................................................................

M iscella n eou s p u b lis h in g

and p r i n t i n g

CMEM!CALS AM ALHED PRODUCTS.........................
D
In d u strial

P la stics,

in orga n ic

except




c h e m i c a l s .......................

sy n th etic

r u b b e r .............

51.65
68.34

45.23

65.86

103.18

103.60

103.23

38.5

38.8

39.4

2.68

2.67

2.62

78.94

76.63
83.21

40.9
4o.6
39.2

41.2

40.9

41.2
41.4

1^93

83.10

79.10
85.89
81.58
84.05

82.81

83.60
90.76

1.92
2.10
2.06
2.05
2.00
2.23
1.82
1.96

1.86
2.01
2.02

84.24

P eriod ica ls
Books

35-9
39-3
39.1
39.6
40.8
37.2
39.4

75.35
85.93
89.35

86.48

91.39
75.11

76.05

74.07
78.40

83.60
87.34

84.64
81.59
82.68
87.91
71.38

76.02

40.5
41.2
40.8
40.6

38.8

39.6
4i.o
41.8

40.7
40.7
40.0

2.17

42.4

2.13
2.12
2.08
2.01

40.7
4o.i

2.24
I .85

41.9
4i.o

39.8

1.96

2.18
2.19

1.99
1.95

2.16
1.78
1.91

31

Tabte C-l: Hours and gross earn in gs of production w orkers
or nonsupervisory em p toy ees - C ontinued

Average w eekly
hours

"earning:""

Average h o u r ly
ea rnings

industry group and industry

July

June

July

July

June

July

July

June

July

1934

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

$70.33

$71.81

$ 68.28

40.2

40.8

4o .4

$ 1.75

$ 1.76

$ 1.69

81.19
88.94

81 . 9 7
89.19

76.32
83.43
76.31

40.8
40.8
41.6

41.4
41.1
41.6

40.7
40.5
41.7

1.99

1.98
2.17
1.90

1.88
2.06
1.83

74.70
66.50

41.4
43*5
42.1
44.9
43.8
46.4
4o.o

41.4
42.6
42.4
44.8
44.2

41.5
42.9
42.2
44.2

1.86

1.86

1.80

1.59
1.46

1.55
1.42

1.56

42.7

1.59
1.48
1.57
1.48

45.6

46.2

1.70

1.52
1.45
1.60

40.4
38.9

1.46
1.71

40.7

37.7

1.77
1.55

1.76
1.56

41.9

42.5

1.96

1.95

1.71
1.49
1.91

CHEM!CALS AM ALLIED PRODUCTS-Continued
D

P a i n t s , p i g m e n t s , and f i l l e r s .........................
P a i n t s , v a r n i s h e s , l a c q u e r s , and

79.46

79.04

77.00
Gum and wood c h e m i c a l s ...........................................
F e r t i l i z e r s . ..................................................... .. . . . .
V e g e t a b l e and a n i m a l o i l s and f a t s .............
V egetable o i l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A ni m a l o i l s and f a t s .................. ..........................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s c h e m i c a l s . ......................................
E s s e n t i a l o i l s , perfum es, c o s m e t i c s . . . .
Compressed and liquified gases.........

77.00

69.17

67.73

62.31
70.49

61.90

59.92

69.89

64.82

64.53
77.98

67.18
61.92

73.92

2.18

1.91

78.88
70.80
58.90
82.52

71.10
&).68
81. 7 1

56.17
81.18

38.0

94.12
97.27

93.98
97.17

92.32

4i.i

2.23

40.7

41.4
41.2

2.27

9 6.00

41.4
4i.o

2.29

r e f i n i n g .....................................................

2.39

2.37

2.33

.......

83.10

83.27

80.60

42.4

42.7

42.2

1.96

1.95

1.91

RUBBER PRODUCTS........................................................

77.03
87.46

79.60

78.98

90.45
68.64
70.64

39.5
38.7

40.2
40.2

40.5

1.95

92.06

40.5

39.8

40.3
4o.i

1.95
2.25
1.67
1.74

37-5
39.1
38.4
37.6
37.2
39.0
37.9
35.5

36.7
39.6
39.4
37.4
35-9
39.0
37-7
35-2

38.8

1.48

1.34
1.33
1.49

37-7
35.4

1.23

1.25

1.23

1.24
1.75
2.41
1.79

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AM COAL......................
D
P etroleum

T i r e s and i n n e r t u b e s
R u b be r f o o t w e a r
Other rubber produ c t s .....................

68.45

67.30

70.45

70.98

LEATHER AM LEATHER PRODUCTS...........................
D

51.38

L e a t h e r : t a n n e d , c u r r i e d , and f i n i s h e d . .
I n d u s t r i a l l e a t h e r b e l t i n g and p a c k i n g . .
B o o t and s h o e c u t s t o c k and f i n d i n g s . . . .
F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) ......................................
L u g g a g e .................................................................................

68.43

51.01
69.70
65.01
50. 1 2

62.59
50.01

Gloves and miscellaneous leather goods..

48.73
57.72
46.62
43.67

STOME, CLAY, AM GtASS PRODUCTS....................
D

71.51

F l a t g l a s s .........................................................................
G l a s s and g l a s s w a r e , p r e s s e d o r b l o w n . . .
G lass c o n t a i n e r s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P r e s s e d and b l o w n g l a s s ......................................
G l a s s p r o d u c t s made o f p u r c h a s e d g l a s s . .
Ce men t, h y d r a u l i c ........................................................

96.71

B r i c k and h o l l o w t i l e . .........................................
F l o o r and w a l l t i l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sewe r p i p e
.
.
....................
P o t t e r y and r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ............................
C o n c r e t e , gypsum, and p l a s t e r p r o d u c t s . .
C oncrete p r o d u c t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

...............
A brasive p ro d u c ts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asbestos products .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N o n c l a y r e f r a c t o r i e s .............................................

PRtMARY METAL !WDUSTR!ES....................................
B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e l w o r k s , and
r o l l i n g m i l l s ...............................................................
B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e l w o r k s , and
r o llin g m ills , except electrom eta l­
l u r g i c a l p r o d u c t s ...................................................
E l e c t r o m e t a l l u r g i c a l p r o d u c t s .......................




69.48
71.16
67.ll
60.10

78.44
66.01
64.48
68.85
68.80

66.06
58.14

47.75

69.60

51.82

68.46
63.68

50.95

58.11

49.65
56.26

47.13
43.65

45.99
42.83

42.1

40.2
4l.i
4o .6

2.26
1.69

1.98
2.29
1.67

1.77

1.77

38.1

1.37
1.75

1.39

39.8
39.8

1.63

38.6

1.33

37.9

1.31

70. 7 0

70. 5 8

96.46

4o .4
39.8

40.4
4o.i

40.8

96.64

1.77

40.7

69.45
72.83
65.25
58.29

67.08

38.6

38.8

39.0

67.73

39.1
37-7
39.8

39.8
37.5

2.43
1.80
1.82
1.78

77-10
66.33
65.23
70.18
67.57
64.98

76.33

59.95
73.54

73.68
63.99

72.45
63.18

63.80

57.28
76.26
65.41
62.35

68.64
66.91
68.20
60.92

41.5

4i.o
42.7
40.5

41.2
36.7
34.4
44.9
45.2

73-37
71.72
64.02

40.5

73.33

39.6

38.6

41.9
41.2
43.2

38.7

39.4
39.5
41.9

41.4
43.0
4l.l

1.51
1.89
1.61

1.76
1.65

1.83

1.74
1.51
1.84
1.61

1.51

1.36
1.72
1.60
1.32
1.31
1.45

1.22
1.21
1.73
2.37
1.72
1.75
I.67

1.45
1.82

1.58
1.45

36.1

38.1

35.9
44.3
45.0
40.5

36.7
44.2
44.0
41.3

1.51
1.70
1.67
1.80
1.69
1.70
1.63
1.58

39.5
38.8

40.3

1.86

1.97
1.89

1.88

1.97

1.97

1.97
1.79
1.97

40.8
41.2

41.3

1.72

1.64
1.80
1.67
1.66
1.61
1.56

I.67
1.62

1.79
1.66
1.66
1.63
1.55

73.66
76.44
79.38

73.47
75.27
79.71

78.01

38.8

77.51

42.4

63.24

60.28

70.72

42.0
32.1

30.6

39.6
43.3
35.9

81.24

80.70

85.07

38.5

38.8

40.9

2.11

2.08

2.08

84.67

83.22

89.76

37.8

38.0

4o .8

2.24

2.19

2.20

84.67
80.20

83.22

89.76
83.82

37.8
39.9

38.0

4o .8
41.7

2.24
2.01

2.19

79.00

1.99

2.20
2.01

39.7

1.86
1.94

1.82

Hours and Eamtngs
Tabte C -l: Hours a n d gross earnings o f production w orkers
or n on su pervisory em p !oyees - Continued

Average w eekly
earnings
I n d u s t r y group

Average w eekly
hours

Average h o u r ly
earnings

and i n d u s t r y

July

June
1934

J uly

July

June

July

J uly

Jun e

July

1934

1953

1954

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

$72.77

$73.53

$77.33

73.30
71.25

75.89
7 8 .0 9

74.8 4

74 .4 5

79.19

38.5
39-1
36.7
37-8

38.7
39.2
37.7
37.6

40.7 $1.89
40.8 1.86
41.1 1.89
40.2 1.98

$1.90
1.87
1.89
1.98

$1.90

72.73
69.36
80.00

79.39

80.34

4o.o

40.3

41.2

2.00

1.97

1.95

76.62
83.24

7 6 .2 1

79.84

39-9
4o.6

41.8
4c. 0

1.93
2.11

1.91

80.00

39.7
4o.4

1.91

84.45

2.08

2.00

73.49

75.12

71.69

40.6

41.5

40.5

1.81

1.81

1.77

79.60

81.19

82.29

4o.o

40.8

42.2

1.99

1.99

1.95

8i.4o

82.01

8 6 .3 7

4c.7

40.8

43.4

2.00

2.01

1.99

75.85
78.17
84.10

79-77
79.19
83.39
84.42

7 5 .6 0

40.7
39.4
39-9

4o.o

85.03

84.43
82.18

1.97
2.02
2.14
2.21
2.12
2.11

1.96
2.01

86.92
80.09

38.5
38.7
39.3
38.3
39.8

2.14
2.21
2.12
2.11

1.89
1.98
2.10
2.16
2.08
2.07

76.00
82.54

76.92

33.13

78.32

1.85
1.83

72.65

73.21

65.74

65.29

72.13

Hardware...........................

72.31
64.68
71.23
75.03

1.89
1.97
I.83

75.oi

74.34
75.03

1.62
1.80
1.83

H e a t i n g a p p a r a t u s ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c ) and
plum bers
s u p p l i e s .................................................

72.34
7% %

74.59
77-79

PR!MARY METAL !MDUSTR!ES-Continued
I r o n and s t e e l f o u n d r i e s ....................................
G r a y - i r o n f o u n d r i e s .............................................. .
M a l l e a b l e - i r o n f o u n d r i e s ................................. .
S t e e l f o u n d r i e s ........................................................ .
P r i m a r y s m e l t i n g and r e f i n i n g o f
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a l s ................................................... .
P r i m a r y s m e l t i n g and r e f i n i n g o f
c o p p e r , l e a d , and z i n c .................................... ..
P r i m a r y r e f i n i n g o f a lu m in um .......................
S e c o n d a r y s m e l t i n g and r e f i n i n g o f
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a l s .....................................................
R o l l i n g , d r a w i n g , and a l l o y i n g o f
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a l s .....................................................
R o l l i n g , d r a w i n g , and a l l o y i n g o f
c o p p e r ...............................................................................
R o l l i n g , d r a w i n g , and a l l o y i n g o f
al um inu m ..........................................................................
N o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s .............................................. ..
M is c e lla n e o u s p rim ary m etal i n d u s t r i e s . .

84.64
W i r e d r a w i n g ..................................................................
W e l d e d and h e a v y - r i v e t e d p i p e .......................

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS (EXCEPT
ORDMAMCE, MACH!MERY, AM TRAMSPORTATiOM
D
EQUtPMEMT)................................................................
C u t l e r y , hand t o o l s , and h a r d w a r e .............
C u t l e r y and e d g e t o o l s .......................................
Hand t o o l s .....................................................................

84.38

38.2

40.7
40.9
41.2

40.3

4i.o
4o.8

4o.6
39.7

4c. 0
41.9
39.3
39.2
38.5
39.7

40.7

42.2
39.7
39.6
39.2
39.9

41.3
42.8
40.9

1.90
1.97
1.84

40.3
41.3
4i.o

1.65
1.85
1.89

1.66

39.1
39-7

4o.i
4o.i

4c.i
39.2

1.85
1.91

1.86

74.09

80.59
85.89
88.99

76.41

72.98

1.84
1.88

1.94

1.86
1.90

1.97

1.79

1.82
1.89

and t r i m .......................................................................
B o i l e r - s h o p p r o d u c t s ............................................
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k ......................................................
M e t a l s t a m p i n g , c o a t i n g , and e n g r a v i n g .
V i t r e o u s - e n a m e l e d p r o d u c t s ............................
S tam pe d and p r e s s e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s . . . .
L i g h t i n g f i x t u r e s .................................... .............
F a b r i c a t e d w i r e p r o d u c t s .................................
M i s c e lla n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d m etal p r o d u c t s
M e t a l s h i p p i n g b a r r e l s , d ru m s , k e g s ,
and p a i l s .....................................................................
S t e e l s p r i n g s .............................................................
B o l t s , n u t s , w a s h e r s , and r i v e t s .............
S c r e w - m a c h i n e p r o d u c t s ....................................

70.80

73.38

38.9
4i.i

40.5

80.06

72.30
79.00

4o.i
41.7

41.8

1.82
1.93

1.83
1.92

1.79

79.32
79.84

c l a s s i f i e d ..................................................................
F a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l m etal p r o d u c t s . .
S t r u c t u r a l s t e e l and o r n a m e n t a l m e t a l

31.75

79.71

41.8

42.8

42.4

1.9 1

1.91

1.88

79.93
77-79
79.54

79-10
78.74
79.93
79.58
59.01

78.44

41.2
4o.i
4i.o
39.2
35.4
39.4
39.6
4o.4
39.7

41.2
40.8
41.2
40.6

41.5

1.94
1.94
1.94
1.96
1.59

1.92

1.89
1.91
1.89

76.83
56.29

80.98

75.79
78.88

63.45'

82.21
71.10
72.80

71.42

74.56

77.78
82.52
82.12
78.26

41.6
38.3

72.47

8.8
4-4
77.81
73-68
73.93

79.97

39.6

79.19
71.28

73-12
73-84
83.62
7% %

72.95

82.15
72.22

38.6

36.2
40.9

39.5
4o.o
40.3

42.0
39.1
39.4
4o.4

42.4
4o.l
41.3
41.2
41.7

2.01

1.93
1.94
1.96
1.63
2.01
1.80
1.82
1.85

1.89

1.91
1.54
1.97
1.79

39.9
39.9
42.5

1.80
1.81
1.86

42.1

2.01
1.98
1.89
1.83

1.99
1.87
1.83

1.96
1.96
1.85
1.83

41.9

42.3
43.7

2.02

1.81
1.83

80.60
83.22

4o.i
40.2

41.7

83.81

81.73
83.43

40.5

E n g i n e s and t u r b i n e s ..............................................
Stea m e n g i n e s , t u r b i n e s , and w a t e r
w h e e l s .............................................................................

4o.i

40.5

2.01
2.12

2.01
2.09

1.96
2.06

92.57

86.14

83.98

40.6

38.8

38.0

2.28

2.22

2.21

82.61

83.23

83.43

77.03

78.4i

75.85

78.78

78.78

77.22

41.3
39.3
39.0

2.06
1.96
2.02

1.97

1.93

Tractors.............................
Agricultural machinery (except
tractors)...........................
See footnotes at end of table.

40.6
39.8
39.0

2.02

m a c h i n e r y and t r a c t o r s . . . .

4o.i
39.3
39.0

2.05

A gricu ltu ra l

75-45

77-97

74.45

39.5

4o.4

39.6

1.91

1.93

1.88

MACH!MERY (EXCEPT ELECTR!CAL).......................




8l.4l

2.02

1.98

Hours and Eamtngs
Tab!e C -l:

Hours and gross earn in gs o f prod u ction w ork ers
or nonsupervisory e m p !o y e e s - C ontinued

Average weekly
earnings

Average weekly
hours

A verage h o u r ly
earnings

industry group and industry
July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

$76.62

$79.95

$78.47

O i l - f i e l d m a c h i n e r y and t o o l s .......................
M e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e r y ...........................................
M a ch in e t o o l s ...............................................................

73.84
78.79
92.40
85.07

78.98
82.52
92.64
87.36

" n l^ in e 't o o ls
M a c h i n e - t o o l a c c e s s o r i e s ...................................

85.90
99.79

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

39.7

41.0

41.3

$1.93

$1.9 5

$1.90

77.90
80.22
93-18
91.15

39.5
40.2
42.0
40.9

40.5
42.1
42.3
41.8

4i.o
42.0
44.8
44.9

1.9 2
1.96
2.20
2.08

1.9 5
1.9 6
2.19
2.09

1.90
1.91
2.08
2.03

84.87
99.36

89.93
96.30

4i.i
43.2

4i.o
43.2

44.3
45.0

2.09
2.31

2.07
2.30

2.03
2.14

77.78
79.18
67.16
81.56

78.55
79-97
69.65
83.28

80.37
82.75
69.60
81.97

1.93
1.96
1.75
1.91

1.90
1.9 2
1.74
1.88

91.80
79.40
77.60
85.67
74.05
75.45

87.53
80.19
77.60
82.61
74.93
78.78

93-93
82.60
80.83
85.36
75.58
83.50

42.2
39.6
38.3

.......

78.61

80.00

85.50

"fu rn tie s\ n d °o v e n s^
O f f i c e and s t o r e m a c h i n e s and d e v i c e s . . .
C o m p u ti n g m a c h i n e s and c a s h r e g i s t e r s . .
T y p e w r i t e r s ....................................................................
S e r v i c e - i n d u s t r y and h o u s e h o l d m a c h i n e s .
D o m e s t i c l a u n d r y e q u i p m e n t ..............................

78.21
80.00
88.07
71.74
74.88
80.15

80.00
78.41
84.10
73.63
75.85
75.27

77.46
77.0 1
83.01
70.98
78.96
74.88

4i.i

'p r "s s l^ .a c h in e s '
S e w i n g m a c h i n e s ..........................................................

71.89
80.19

74.56
79.80

76.74
77.99

39-5
39.7

" u n i i !^ ° !'* .
...
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a c h i n e r y p a r t s .........................
F a b r i c a t e d p i p e , f i t t i n g s , and v a l v e s . .
B a l l and r o l l e r b e a r i n g s ...................................
M a c h in e s h o p s ( j o b and r e p a i r ) ....................

73.14
77.21
76.83
75-27
78.94

75.86
77.79
78.20
75.46
79.32

80.16
76.17
73.13
76.95
78.77

37.7
39.8
39-4
39-0
40.9

ELECTRtCAL MACHtMERY...................

7 1.16

72.07

70.58

^ d is trib u tifn ^ !^
W i r i n g d e v i c e s and s u p p l i e s ............................
C a r b o n and g r a p h i t e p r o d u c t s
( e l e c t r i c a l ) ...............................................................
E l e c t r i c a l i n d i c a t i n g , m e a s u r i n g , and

75-84
66.18

76.61
66.47

73.49

MACHtMERY (EXCEPT ELECTR)CAL)-Continued

^exceprforoil^flildsf.

!...

40.3

40.7

4o.4

4o.8

42.3
4 3 .1

38.6
42.7

39.8
43.6

43.6

1.93
1.96
1.7 4
1 .9 1

42.5

40.9
40.5

4o.4

44.1
42.8
42.1
44.0
42.7
42.6

2.16
1.98
1.9 4
2.03
1.87
1.9 7

2.14
1.98
1.94
2.01
I.85
1.95

2.13
1.93
1.9 2
1.94
1.77
1.9 6

39-5

40.2

43.4

1.99

1.99

1.97

39.3
39.8

39.8
39.6
39.3
39.8
39.1
38.6

41.2
39.9
40.7
38.6

1.99
2.01
2.18
1.83
1.94
1.95

2.01
1.98
2.14
I.85
1.94
1.95

1.88
1.93
2.07
1.77
1.94
1.94

42.4
40.2

1.82
2.02

I.85
1.99

1 .8 1
1.94

39.1
41.1

40.9
40.3
38.9
40.5
4 1.9

1.94
1.94
1.95
1.93
1.93

1.95
1.94
1.95
1.93
1.93

1.9 6
1.89
1.88
1.90
1.88

39.1

39.6

4o.i

1.82

1.82

1.7 6

77-11
67.37

39-5
38.7

39.9
39.1

4o.8
4o.i

1.92
1.71

1.92
1.70

1.89
1.68

74.07

78.44

39.3

39.4

41.5

1.87

1.88

1.89

72.98

72.98

72.90

4o.i

4o.i

40.5

1.82

1.82

1.80

80.78
76.63

80.99
78.59

82.62
75.58

39.6
39.5

39.7
40.3

40.9
40.2

2.04
1.94

2.04
1.95

2.02
1.88

74.43
82.00
75.65
70.24
72.39
60.42
67.47

75.36
83.42
74.68
69.77
75.26
63.69
68.51

75.12
84.82
75.36
70.86
75.20
61.78
65.34

39.8

40.3
4 1.5
39.1

4o.6

4o.i

4 1.5
42.2
40.3
41.2

37.9
36.4
39.0

39.2
38.6
39.6

1.87
2.05
1.92
1.73
1.91
1.66
1.73

1.8 7
2.01
1 .9 1
1.74
1.92
1.6 5
1.73

1 .8 1
2.01
1.8 7
1.7 2
1.88
1.58
1.6 5

R a d i o t u b e s ....................................................................

67.03
61.99

67.32
63.27

63.50
62.22

39.2
38.5

39.6
39.3

4o.4

1.71
1 .6 1

1.70
1 .6 1

1.6 2
1.54

....

77.8 1

79.40

77-59

39.3

39.9

40.2

1.98

1.99

1.93

^etiltorkinriLhin^yr" '
F o o d p r o d u c t s m a c h i n e r y ......................................
T e x t i l e m a c h i n e r y .....................................................

.......
General i n d u s t r i a l mac hi ne r y . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumps
a i r and gas c o m p r e s s o r s . . * .............
C o n v e y o r s and c o n v e y i n g e q u i p m e n t .............
B l o w e r s , e x h a u s t and v e n t i l a t i n g f a n s . .
I n d u s t r i a l t r u c k s , t r a c t o r s , e t c ...............
"e q u ip ie n i.

Motors, generators, and .otor-g.n.rator
Power and d i s t r i b u t i o n

tra n s fo rm e r s....

^introis!*!
E l e c t r i c a l w elding apparatus
E l e c t r i c a l ap p lia n ces
E le c tr ic a l

R adios,

equipment

phonographs,

for

v e h i c l e s ...............

te le v isio n

footnotes at end of table.




*

sets,

4o.i
4o.o

4o.4
39.2
38.6

4o.o
39.4

4o.o
4i.i
40.5

40.3

4o.i
38.9

4o.i
4o.i

4o.o

4o.i
4o.i

4o.o
39.1
39.6
39.2

Hours and Earnings
Tabte C -l:

Hours an d gross earnings o f prod u ction w ork ers
o r n onsupervisory em ptoyees - Continued

A verage w eek ly
earnings
Industry

group

A v e r a g e w e e j cl y
hours

Average h o u r ly
earnings

and i n d u s t r y

July
1954

June
1954

July

July

June

July

July

June

July

1953

1954

1954

1953

1954

1954

1953

#68.60

$69.52

#67.70

76.64
58.35
80.40

79.00

39.5
40.1
39-2
39-7

42.2
39-7
38.7

$1-75
1.95

59.19

39.2
39.3
38.9
40.4

40.3

79.76
57.17
68.11

ELECTRtCAL MACHiMERY-Continued
S t o r a g e b a t t e r i e s ......................................................
P r i m a r y b a t t e r i e s ( d r y and w e t ) ..................
X - r a y and n o n - r a d i o e l e c t r o n i c t u b e s . . .

76.62

$1.68

1.99

$1.76
1.97
1.51
1.93

1.50

1.89

1.44
1.76

M o t o r v e h i c l e s , b o d i e s , p a r t s , and
a c c e s s o r i e s ..................................................................
T ra ilers

(truck

and a u t o m o b i l e ) ..................

A ircra ft
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
.........
A i r c r a f t e n g i n e s and p a r t s ...............................
A i r c r a f t p r o p e l l e r s and p a r t s .......................
O t h e r a i r c r a f t p a r t s and e q u i p m e n t ..........
S h i p and b o a t b u i l d i n g and r e p a i r i n g . . . .
S h i p b u i l d i n g and r e p a i r i n g ............................

84.38

84.59

85.06

TRAHSPORTATiON EQU!PMEMT..............

85.28

84.86
87.91

39.8
39.2

39-9
39-3

40.8
40.7

2.12
2.17

2.12
2.17

2.08
2.16

85.85

85.85

88.32

72.58
74.87
84.86
85.07

77.71

39.2
38.4
39.2
40.8

39.2
40.9
41.1
40.8
4o.8

40.7
40.4
39-2
41.5

2.19
1.90
1.92

2.17
1.81
1.83

2.08
2.08

1.99
1.97

2.09
2.09

2.04

2.06
2.06

1.99
2.05

2.13
1.75
2.11
2.12
2.10
1.88

2.10
1.76
2.01
2.03
2.00
1.78

86.51

79.87
83.84
80.32
82.43
68.99
80.81

70.31

39.2
38.3
39.7
37.2
38.9

40.2
37.3
41.1

38.5
39.0
39-5

2.19
I.89
1.91
2.08
2.08
2.11
2.08
2.07
2.07
2.13
1.76
2.11
2.12
2.11
I .83

78.91

73.12
71.74

84.86
84.86

82.59
80.57

84.65
80.26
84.87
80.55

86.68
84.66
84.38

82.64
71.23
81.45
85.22

80.98
82.53

70.93
77-99
78.16
78.00

40.9

4i.o
38.4
40.5
38.8
38.7

40.5

38.4
41.2
39-1

38.8
40.7
38.6

40.9

42.7
41.5
42.4
39-5
39-3
40.3
38.8

2.03

O t h e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t .......................

84.16
78.49
71.19

tMSTRUMEMTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS.......

72.65

72.83

71.86

39-7

39-8

40.6

1.83

1.83

1.77

82.80

82.59

82.40

4o.o

39-9

4o.o

2.07

2.07

2.06

7^.05
74.64

74.77
75.41

71.96

39-6
39-7

40.2
39-9

40.2
42.3

I.87
1.88

1.86

78.26

1.89

1.79
I.85

66.07
58.35

67.13
58.50

67.65

39-8

57.67
75.36

38.9

41.5
39-5
40.3
41.6

1.66
1.50
1.97

1.50

4o.4

40.2
39-0
40.9
37.6

1.66

1.64

39.6
40.4
40.6
39-9
39-7
38.7

39-7
40.8
40.2
42.0
39-3

1.60
1.63

1.60
1.63

1.55

38.8

1.49

1.55
1.77
1.79
1.49
1.50

L a b o r a t o r y , s c i e n t i f i c , and
e n g i n e e r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ......................................
M e c h a n i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s .....................................................................
S u r g i c a l , m e d i c a l , and d e n t a l
instruments.I....*............***..*.*.

78.33
77-27

79-59
64.57

80.98
61.66

66.98

38.9

M!SCELLAMEOUS MAMUFACTUR!MG !MOUSTR!ES...

62.56

63.36

61.93

J e w e l r y , s i l v e r w a r e , and p l a t e d w a r e . . . .
J e w e l r y and f i n d i n g s ..............................................
S i l v e r w a r e and p l a t e d w a r e ...............................

64.06

65.85
62.93
70.62
71.06

65.28
60.70

39-1
39.3

T o y s and s p o r t i n g g o o d s .........................................
Games, t o y s , d o l l s , and c h i l d r e n ' s

60.30
71.20
69.63
56.92

57.66
57.28

56.39
57.98

58.20

P e n s , p e n c i l s , and o t h e r o f f i c e
s u p p l i e s ............................................................................
Co stum e j e w e l r y , b u t t o n s , n o t i o n s ...............

59.20
56.21

61.05

67.94
Other m an ufacturing

65.46

67.20
66.30




i n d u s t r i e s .......................

57.77

38.9

1.78

1.67
1.98

1.63
1.46
1.87
1.61
1.56
1.60
1.51

73.50

4o.o

68.78
58.20

38.9
38.2

57.45
59-00

38.1
38.4

38.7
38.8

38.3
39.6

1.48
1.51

57.38
55.39

4o.o

40.7

39-3
38.2

1.47

1.46
1.45

66.91

40.2
39.2

39.3
4o.o
39-7

1.48
1.46

1.50

38.5

41.3
39-9

1.69
1.67

1.68
1.67

1.62
1.61

64.24

1.79

1.48

1.75
1.75
1.50
1.50
1.49

35

Tabte C -l:

Hours an d gross earnings o f prod u ction w ork ers
or nonsupervisory em ptoyees - Continued

Avera^weekly

Average hourly
earnings

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

July
1954

June
1954

July
1953

(1/)
$78.14

$79.84
79.10

$78.31
77.92

(1/)
42.7

41.8
43.7

42.1
45-3

(1/)
$1.83

$1.91
1.81

$1.86
1.72

68.60
57.30

67.34
56.39

64.35
54.38

39.2
37.7

38.7
37.1

39.0
37.5

1.75
1.52

1.74
1.52

1.65
1.45

97.18
77.15

94.75
77.15

90.95
74.76

43.0
41.7

42.3
41.7

42.3
42.0

2.26
I.85

2.24
I.85

2.15
1.78

84.44

82.40

81.32

41.8

41.2

41.7

2.02

2.00

1.95

74.52

73.93

72.09

40.5

40.4

40.5

1.84

I.83

1.78

58.51
42.24

57.38
41.30

56.26
40.07

39.8
36.1

39-3
35-3

39.9
36.1

1.47
1.17

1.46
1.17

1.41
l.ll

47.84
62.57
76.37
47.42

47.06
60.92
76.37
46.51

45.86
60.25
74.98
45.61

36.8
39.6
44.4
36.2

36.2
38.8
44.4
35.5

36.4
39.9
44.9
36.2

1.30
1.58
1.72
1.31

1.30
1.57
1.72
1.31

1.26
1.51
1.67
1.26

63.30
67.86

63.30
67.70

62.31

42.2
43.5

42.2
43.4

42.1
43.4

1.50
1.56

1.50
1.56

1.48
1.50

57.35
94.20
70.24

57-09
92.97
69.78

(1/)
(1/)
(1/)

(1/)
(1/)
(1/)

(1/)
(1/)

68.73

(l/)
(l/)
(l/)

(1/)

(LO
(1/)
(1/)

(1/)
(1/)
(l/)

40.22

39-81

38.40

41.9

41.9

42.2

.96

.95

.91

40.00
46.02

40.50
49.20

39.30
44.69

4o.o
39.0

40.5

4i.o

4o.i
39.2

1.00
1.18

1.00
1.20

.98
1.14

103.27

101.81

91.13

(1/)

(1/)

(1/)

(1/)

(1/)

(l/)

TRAHSPORTATIOM:
Local railways and bus lin e s ...........

C0MMUM!CAT!0M:
Switchboard operating employees

2/...

maintenance employees 3 / ............

OTHER PUBHC UT!UT!ES:
HMPf;
WHOLESALE TRADE......................
RETAtL TRADE (EXCEPT EAT!WG AMD
DRtMKtMG PLACES)....................
^H^rde/houses^
Food and liquor stores.
..............
Automotive and accessories dealers
Apparel and accessories st o r e s .........
Other retail trade:
Furniture and appliance stores ........
Lumber and hardware supply stores....
f/iVMCf,

/MSURMCf,

M O

65.10

fSMrf.-

S^*cur' ty dealers and exchanges. ....... .
Insurance c a rriers .......................

^ a u ndr^r''''^^

.......

54.90
81.72

Not available.
2/ Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry as svitohboard operators; service
assistants; operating room instructors; and pay-station attendants. Daring 1953 such enployees made up 45 per­
cent of the total number of nonsupervisory employees in telephone establishments reporting hours and earnings
data.
2/ Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry as central office craftsmen; in­
stallation and exchange repair craftsmen; line, cable, and conduit craftsmen; and laborers. During 1953 such
employees made up 24 percent of the total number of nonsupervisory employees in telephone establishments report­
ing hours and earnings data.

Data relate to domestic employees except messengers and those compensated entirely on a commission basis.
2/ Money payments only; additional value of board, room, uniforms, and tips, not included.




Adjusted Earnings
Tabte C-2: Gross average weekty earnings of production workers
in setected industries, in current and 1947-49 dottars

M anu factu ring

B itu m in ou s-coa l
m in ing

M anu factu ring
P eriod

Period
1947-49

1947-49

C urren t 1947-49
d o lla rs d olla rs

C urrent 1947-49 C urren t 1 947-49 Current
d o lla rs d o lla r s d o lla rs d o lla rs d o lla rs

1947-49

M o n t h ly
data:

1223
1939-.- *23-86 $40.17 *23.aa #40.20
42.07
41.25
25.20
1 9 4 0 ...
24.71
49.06
30.86
4703
19*H... 3938

*17-64 *29 70 June.. .
29 93
1793
18.69
29 71 J u ly .. .

30.20

Aug. . . .
2918 S e p t.. .
31.19 Oct....
34 51 Nov....
Dec. . . .
36.06
36.21 Ig4

32-71

34.25

1 9 4 2 ...

36.63

52.38

1943...
1944...

43-14

46.08

38.30
61.28

3502
41.62
5 12 7

50.24
56.24
68.18

1945.. .

44.39
43.82

1947...

49 97

37 72
32.54
32-32

52.25
58.03
66.59

67.95
69.58
69.73

27 73

1 9 4 6 ...

1948...
1949.-.

34.14
34.98
59 33

72.12
63.28
70.35

70.16
62.16

34.23
34.98
35-47

33 30
34.36
34.30

70.08
68.80

37-81

74.57

39.69

34.06
34.04
34.69

1 9 3 0 ...

1951.- 7952...
^933...

32.67

53 95
37 71
58.30

64-71
67.97

59.89

71.69

62.67

Tabte C-3:

77.79
78.09
85.31

66.43

20.34
23.08

25 95

38.63

$40.08 *35-00

*72.04

*62.92

*91.25

*79.69

71.33
71.6 9

62.19

84.97
92.88
86.15
89.78
81.17
82.25

74.08

39.30

80.77

39.10

74.78
77-80

39.80
39.70

34.55

70.58
71.58

40.00
40.60

34.78
35.34

82.34
79.04
73.06

71.48
68.73
63.64

39.70

34.46
34.61

62.54

40.80

66.37

72 .11

40.30
40.50

65.44

40.00

71.42
72.14
71.60
72.36
70.92
71.28

62.34
62.00
62 .51
62.26
62.98
6 1.56
61.98
61.39
61.26
61.85

Feb.. . .
Mar....
Apr....
May....
J u n e...

71.68

62.28

71.67
76.32
83.00

J u ly .. .

70.92

6 1.56

75-39

70.71
70.20
71.13

39.80
39.60

34.26
34.00
34.40

34.49
35.60
35.04
35.19

34.72

A v e r a g e w ee k ty earnings, gross and net spendabte, o f production w ork ers
in manufacturing industries, in current and 1 9 4 7 -4 9 dottars
Gross average
weekly e a r n in g s

Gross average
weekly e a rn in g s
P eriod

Index
(1947-49
=

100)

P eriod
C urrent 1947-49
d o lla rs

1947-49

Index
Amount ( 1 9 4 7 - 4 9
= 100)

Worker w ith 3
dependents
C urrent 1947-49 C urrent 1947-49
d o lla rs d o lla rs d o lla rs

average:

1951
*23.38 *39 70 *23.62 *39.76
24.69
41.22 24.93 41.65
28.05
44.59 29.28
46.55

1939-- -- $23.86
194 0
25.20
194 1
29 58

43.1

36.65

69.2

43.14
46.08

81-3
87.0

3177
36.01
38.29

45.58
48.66

1943.- -- 44.39
1946_
_ 43.82
1947.- -- 49 97

83.8
82.8

36.97
3772

94.4

1948... 34.14
54.92
1949.
1930. . 59 33
.
1951...

19421943...
1944_
_

1952....
1953...

64.71
67 97
71.69

476

339

36.28

41-39
44.06

52.05
33 93
38.P9

42.74
43.20

35.38

43.76

48.08
45 23
44.77

102.2
103.7
112.0

47.43

46.14
47.24
49.70

3317
53-83
57-21

51.72

48.09

122.2
128.4
135-4

34.04
35-66
58.54

61.28
63.62
66.58

55 21




3109

50.92

48.68
4904

51.17

48.24

31.80
30.51
52.88

55-65'
56.05
38.20

$66.86 $58.39

June.. $72.04
.

136.1

$58.81

$51.36

71.33
71.69
71.42
72.14
71.60
72.36

134.7
135.4
134.9
136.2
135.2
136.7

58.26

50.79

66.29
66.58
66.36

58.89
58.47
59.06

51.03
50.84

66.94

Jan....
Feb....
Mar....
Apr....
May....
June...

70.92
71.28
70.71
70.20
71.13
71.68

133.9
134.6
133.5
132.6
134.3
135.4

58.80
59.09
58.63
58.22
58.97
59.41

51.04

51.07
30.80
51.28
51.62

July...

70.92

133.9

58.80

51.04

July...
Aug....
Sept..
.
Oct....
Nov....
Doc....

1254

58.54

58.33

50.90
50.63
51.40

51.38

57-79

57.90
57.60
58.01

66.50
67 .ll

57.83

66.00
66.30
65.83
66.18
66.63

57.29
57.65
57.34
57-08
57.55
57.89

66.00

57-29

65.41

58.41

-31

Adjusted

E jm m g s

Tabte C-4: Average hourty earnings, gross and exciuding overtime,
of production workers in manufacturing industries
Manufacturing
period

Gross
Amount

Durable goods

Excluding overtime
Amount

Index
(1947-49 =

Gro ss

Excluding

Nondurable goods
Gross

Amount

Amount

Amount

54.5
62.5
69.4

$0, 8 0 8

$ 0,770
.881

$ o . 64o

73.5
1/ 74.8

1.117
1.111

81.6

1.156

93.0
101.7

100)

Excluding

Amount

Annual
average:

1941.........
1943.........
1943........

$ 0,729
.653
.961

1944........
1943.........
1946.........

1.019
1.023
1.086

1947...........
1948........
1949........

1.237

1950.........
1931...........
1952........
1933...........

1.465

$0,703
.803
.894
.947
1/.963
1.051

.947
1059

$ 0,625
.698

.976

.723
.803

1.029
1/ 1.042
1.122

.861
.904
1.015

1.292
1.410
1.469

1 .250
1.366

1.171
1.278
1.325

1133
1.241

1.378
1.48
1.54

1337
1.43
1.49

1.61

1.56

.763
.814
1/.858
.981

1.198
1.310
1.367

106.1

1099

1.537

1.480

118.8
125.0

1.67

1.67

1.415
1.53
1.61

1.77

1.71

132.8

1.87

1.60
1.70
1 .80

June..^

1.77

1.70

132.0

1.87

1.80

1 .60

1.56

July*..
Aug....
Sept..
.
Oct...*
Nov....
Dec....

1.77

1.71
1.71
1.73
1.73
1.74
1,74

132.8
132.8

1.88
1.88
1.90
1.90

1.82
1.81
1.83
1.83

1.61
1.61
1.63
1.62
1.63

1.56
1.56
1.58
1.58

1.84

1.64

1.59
1.59

1.80
1.80

1.76

136.6

1.79

1.65
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.66
1.66

1.61
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.62
1.62

1.66

1.62

1-350
1.401

1.59

1.77

1.434

1.292

Monthly
data:

1953:

1954! Jen....
Feb....
Mar....
Apr....
May....
June...
July...

1.77

1.79
1.79
1.79
1.80

1.80
1.81
1.81
1.80

134.3
134.3
135.1
135.1

1.89
1.90

1.84

1.75
1.75

135.9
135.9
135.9

1.91
1.90
1.90
1.90

1.76
1.76

136.6
136.6

1.91
1.91

1.86
1.85
1.85
1.85
1.86
1.86

1.76

136.6

1.91

1.86

1.75

1 / 11-month *v<r*ge; A u yn t 1943 Mcluded becttuge o f YJ-day holiday period.

38




H our [n d c\c s
Tabte C-5. tndexes of aggregate weekty man-hours
in industria) and constwction a ctiv ity ^
(1 9 4 7 -4 9 = 100)
Ma nu fac ­
tu rin g
d ivision

105.1
105.4
89.5

94.6
103.4

104.8
103.2

106.1

103.1

104.1

102.1

102.0

91.0

92.0
101.1

89.7
102.7

108.4
108.4
113.7

H5-7

94.7
99.2
997

116.6

98.6

86.6

109.1
124.1
127.5
124.2

1255

115.8

90.0

130.9

115.4

114.1

P eriod

Contract
con stru ction
d ivision

86.9
89.4
86.5
86.5
83.2
82.9

132.0

113.4
115.4
113.7
113.0
109.6
108.4

TOTAL 2 /

Mining

T otal:
Durable
goods

T otal:
Nondurable
goods

M a n u f a c t u r i n g .- D u r a b l e g o o d s
Lumbe r and
O r d n a n c e and
wood p r o d u c t s
a ccessories
(except
fu rn itu re)

A nnu al a v e r a g e :

1947..........

103.6

1948..........
I949..........
1950..........
1951..........
I95?.........
I953..........

,103.4
93.0
101.5
109.5
109.7
113.5

M on th ly d a t a :

1953:

June....

116.5
Oct.....

114.5
114.8

Doc

110.6
108.4

95.0
90.9

137.1
133.2
140.2
130.1

120.6

Jan.....
Feb.....
Mar.....
May.....

P eriod

100.4
102.1

80.3
78.0
73.9
71.5
72.3
75.4

109.8
U5.9
122.5
129.4

103.8
103.5
102.5
99.5
99.1
100.0

100.4

1954:

72.3

133.3

97.6

101.9

102.4
101.8

F u rn itu re
and f i x t u r e s

98.3
106.0

M a n u fa c tu rin g - D urable
S ton e, c la y ,
Prim ary m etal
and g l a s s
in d u stries
p roducts

107.0
102.7
90.3

997

101.2
107.6
91.1
107.4
290.4
625.0
826.7

128.5

99-7

866.7

100.3

124.7

99.9
103.3

885.9
860.5
862.1
854.3
809.2
812.7

96.7
97.6
94.7
95.2
91.2
86.1

125.6

996
102.7
96.9
94.0

123.4

102.2

123.6
119.6

118.4

100.5
97-6
96.4

113.7

92.1

112.5

92.8

110.6

92.9

108.1
107.2
107.0

89.2
91.6

542.0
522.I

93.8

102.5

91.7

509.1

79.2

89.4

goods - C on tin u ed
Fabricated
M achinery
m etal
(except
products
e lectrica l)

764.1
712.1
654.3
587.S

E le ctrica l
m achinery

79-6
82.3

!

84.1
85.3
88.5

Transporta­
tion
e q u ip m e n t

A nn u al a v e r a g e

106.7
103.8
89.4
106.5
115.8
112.1
123.7

108.3
106.6
85.1
94.0
116.9
118.4
118.9

111.1
102.9
86.0
107.6

106.6

105.4
106.6
88.0
104.1
115.7
104.6
114.0

148.0

102.9
100.9
96.3
106.1
124.5
138.0
158.7

107.6

108.6

117.4

127.3

121.3

149.2

161.7

July...
Aug....
Sept...
Oct....
Nov___
Dec....

103.7

105.8

106.8
105.8

108.3
106.9
108.3

115.2
114.9

116.5
114 .5

111.7
110.4

122.7
123.9
121.5
121.4

103.8
101.4

105.4

106.7

117.8

105.4

115.4

Jan....
Feb....
Mar....
Apr....
May....
June..
.

96.1
96.7
96.2
91.6

96.2

101.4
97.5
94.4

112.9
111.5
109.4

111.4
112.3
109.4

159.2
153.1
153.9
146.3

103.2

143.6
148.0
148.4
146.9
143.3
138.3
131.1
130.6

127.9

148.6
144.0
141.0

92.8

106.9

92.4
94.0

107.8
107.5

102.0
100.6

123.8
122.0
119.8

138.6
136.0

90.0

97.3
97.6
97.8

131.9

______ July...

89.6

97.0

92.1

103.0

96.4

117.6

127.8

1947.........
194

8

194

9

195 0
195 1
195

103.3
104.6
92.1
111.5

105.9
106.2
108.2

2

195 3

102.8

103.9
93.3

102.9
111.4
104.3

M on th ly d a t a :

1953:

1954:

June...

106.3

88.8

97.8
98.2

U3.5
113.8

108.6
106.6

103.7

123.7
131.2

158.9

151.1

See footnotes at end of table.




.32

M jin H o u r in d e x e s
Tabte C-5. tndexes of aggregate weekty 4nan-hours
in industria! and construction activity
Continued
(1947-49 -

100)

Manufacturing - Durable goods-Con.

Manufacturing - Nondurable

Miscellaneous
manufacturing
industries

kindred

104.6
104.2

103.9
100.0
96.1
95.2

129.1

91.2
101.3
103.1
100.5
109.8

J u n e .....

131.3

no.

4

Aug.....
Sept....

126.3
1 2 6.8
128.6

104.4
111.0
111.9
115-3
112.1
107.5

Period
IncTr^lated

goods

Textile-mill
manufactures

finished textile

Annual average:

19^7.............
1948.............
1949.............
1950.............
1951.............
1952..........
1953.............

107.5

103.0
89.5
97-4
117-5
122.7

105.9
101.0
93.1

104.5

99.6

105.7
100.1

95.9
94.7
93.5

89.2
91.2
92.2
90.1

90.0

101.6
98.8
103.0
101.9
104.5
106.8

92.2

76.4

92.7

105.0

77-6

89.3

101.6
108.9
106.8
96.1
101.7

89.8

89.9
96.0

90.7

Monthly data:

1953:

Nov.....
Dec.....

1954: Jan.....

128.7
129.1
128.1

May.....
June....

121.9
120.9
118.9
114.3

98.7
102.1
101.0

1 1 2.0
1 10.2

95.6
96.4

1 06.9

Feb.....
Mar.....

91-9

96.6

100.3
106.6

111.2
101.6
9 5.1
89.4
83 . 8
81 . 8
81.5
81.3

84.2
89.4
95.3

84.2

102.2
109.2
102.0
106.0
102.8

83.2

103-5

78.5
79-5
79.2
76.5

104.3
106.1

86.3
86. 0

87.3
80.1

75-0
73-5
75-5
78.4

76.0
78.0

77-7

75-5

98.2

93.8
91.5
91.9
91.4

Manufacturing - Nondurable goods - Continued
Period

Paper and
allied products

Printing, pub­
lishing, and
allied industries

Chemicals
and allied

Rubber
products

Leather and
leather products

109.8

Annual a v e r a g e :

101.4
100.5

103.3
102.6

98.0

102.7
105.5

94.1
97.2
105.5
104.7
107.8

112.0

105.1

107-7

111.3
113-7
112.9
113.2
U 2.3

103.6

106.6

104.7
106.9
108.1
107.2
109.0

106.7
108.8

1947..
1948..
1949..
1950..
1951..
1952..
1953..

102.6
102.3
95.1
105.4
109.9
105.9
111.4

1953: June....
Aug.....
Sept....
Oct.....
Nov.....

111.1

1954:

107.6

Feb.....
Mar.....
May.....
July....

107.5
107.8
105.7

99.5
101.6

107.5
107.2
106.1

104.3
103.7

105.0

105.4

104.4

106.9
108.5

104.9

104.9
103.8
101.8
101.0

106.9

104.3

99.4

104.0

io4 .o

99.0
102.7
98.3
97.3
102.1
98.2

101.9
108.5
108.4

100.9

111.7

105.8
100.8
93.4
97.8
92.1
96.9
96.4

102.4

115.8

98.3

104.3
103.8
102.5
100.2
99.3
97-3

111.6

102.8

96.3
97.4
89.1
88.7
88.7
92.3

100.1

91.9

99.1

94.9

96.4

100.1

93.8
85.3
82.2
87.4

85.9

90.6

95-3
94.9
94.0
94.0
97.4
99-3
99.0

102.0
88.1

110.5
108.0
106.0

io 4 .o

95.0
98.3

Aggregate man-hours are for the weekly pay period ending nearest the 15th of the month and do not represent
totals for the month.
For mining and manufacturing industries, data refer to production and related workers. For
contract construction, the data relate to construction workers.
2/ Includes only the divisions shown.

Jta




Stj tc j n d

Arcj

HoL^s jfid Lirm nos

Tabte C-6: Hours and gross earnings of production workers !n
manufacturing industries for setected States and areas
Average veekly eamings

1554 _ _

State and area

1953

July
ALABAMA................
Birmingham
Mobile

June

July

$55.63

$55.06

$55.32

72.50
(1/)

70.71
66.26

70.80
66.26

Average veeMy hours

IS5 4 _
_
June
July
38.9

1953
July
39.8

Average hourly earnings

1954

1953

July

June

July

$1.43
1.84
(1/)

$1.43
1.79
1.62

$1.39
1.77
1.62

39.4
(I/)

38.5
39.5

4o.o

40.9

40.9

40.1
37.8

42.4
41.2

41.7

41.3

1.94
1.92

1.93
1.92

1.89
1.86

ARIZONA................
Phoenix

77.79
72.53

81.83
79.10

78.61
76.82

ARKANSAS...............
Little RockN. Little Rock

51.79

51.38

50.09

41.1

4l.l

41.4

1.26

1.25

1.21

49.53

48.96

48.56

40.6

40.8

41.5

1.22

1.20

1.17

80.63
70.32

81.44

78.60

4o.o

66.26
79-08
76.33

39.7
37.7

39-9

70.86
81.17

38.1
40.3

36.7
4o.6
39.7

2.03
1.87
2.01
2.05

2.04
1.86
2.01
1.99

1.97
1.81
1.95
1.92

41.2
39.3

1.97
2.05

4o.o

2.12
1.86
1.94

1.97
2.04
2.12
2.01
1.94

1.93
1.94
2.05
1.81
1.80

4i.4
41.5

1.84
1.82

1.81
I.83

1.75
1.73

CALIFORNIA.............
Fresno
Los Angeles
Sacramento
San BernardinoRiverside-Ontarlo
San Diego
San Francisco-Oakland
San Jose
Stockton

80.48
77.36

77-10

4o.o
37.7

38.7

40.3

40.3

39.6
39.3
39.2
4o.o

79-43
81.77
82.79
72.53
75.03

79.43
80.79
83.33
78.94
77.79

79.44
76.14
79.56
71.57
72.02

39.9
39-1
38.9
38.7

COLORADO...............
Denver

75.26

74.75
74.30

72.45

40.9

41.3

71.80

4o.o

40.6

CONNECTICUT............
Bridgeport
Hartford
Nev Britain
Nev Haven
Stamford
Waterbury

72.00

72.40
75-17
76.26
70.31

73-57
73-67

4o.o
40.2

1.80

1.81

40.7

1.87

4i.o

43.9
42.2
4l.O
40.1
43.6

1.86
1.89

1.79
1.74
1.92

1.86
1.78

1.76
1.81
1.83
1.73

78.39
72.58

40.0
40.0
41.1
39.4
4o.6
39-5

41.8

74.40
77.68
70.53
70.64
75.84
73.30

1.73
1.95

1.68
1.90

1.81

1.81

1.79

DELAWARE...............
Wilmington

72.04
84.26

71.21
85.32

69.69

39.8
40.2

40.6
40.9

40.4
41.9

1.81
2.10

1.75

85.52

2.09

1.73
2.04

FLORIDA................
Tampa-St. Petersburg

55-35
55.20

55.62
54.80

55.11
53.81

40.4
40.0

40.9
41.2

41.5
41.3

1.37

1.36

1.38

1.33

GEORGIA................
Atlanta
Savannah

48.76

48.51

42.8

1.59
1.57

1.26
1.58
1.56

1.26

64.74

38.5
39.4
41.5

40.9

65.94

38.7
40.0
42.0

1.26

62.25

50.27
63.40
65.48

39.9

63.60

IDAHO..................

82.84

80.12

78.81

42.7

41.3

41.7

1.94

1.94

1.89

ILLINOIS...............
Chicago

75.62
(l/)

76.21
79.27

75.58
79-53

39.7
(1/)

40.1
40.0

40.7
40.9

1.90
(1 /)

1.90
1.98

1.86

INDIANA................

75.18

75-70

77.21

39.1

39.5

40.1

1.92

1.92

1.92

IOWA...................
Des Moines

70.87
73.82

71.26

66.66

40.1

40.5

69.71

38.2

40.1

39.6
37.6

1.77
1.93

1.76

77.50

1.68
1.86

KANSAS.................
Topeka
Wichita

78.17
63.49
82.40

76.90
72.88

42.1
39.3
42.4

41.6
42.5
41.0

41.3

1.86
1.61

39.8

1.94

1.85
1.72
1.96

1.79

40.3

80.12

73-78
63.40
73.51

KENTUCKY...............

67.71

67.57

68.01

40.4

40.3

41.4

1.67

1.68

1.64

LOUISIANA..............
Baton Rouge
Nev Orleans

66.01

66.46
93-41

64.58
92.45

41.4

41.7

43.2

1.61
2.29

67.06

61.62

41.0
40.9
39.9

41.8

93.66
65.84

40.4

39.5

1.65

1.59
2.24
1.66

2.14
I .56

72.80

68.85

80.34

73-01
68.88
76.19
78.04

40.5

39.5
39.8
40.2
40.1

38.8

39.5

1.94

1.33
1.30
1.55
1.53

1.94

1.58

1.84

1.56

See footnotes at end of table.




41

Stj tc j n d

\rcj

Hours and Lit nines

Tabte C-& Hours and gross earnings of production wo&ers in
manufacturing industries for seiected States and areas - Continued
State and area

Average veekly eaminge
15'54
1951
July
June
July

Average veekly hours
1954
1951
July
June
July

_
_
_

Average hourly earnings
IQ54
.1953
July
June
July

MAINE.................
Portland

$56.70
61.37

$56.17
60.68

$56.60
60.62

40.3
41.2

40.2
41.1

40.3
42.5

$1.41
1.49

$1.40
1.48

$1.41
1.43

MARYLAND...............
Baltimore

69.12
73-75

68.62
72.49

67.24
72.70

39.8
40.3

40.2
40.2

40.4
40.9

1.74
1.83

1.71
1.80

1.66
1.78

MASSACHUSETTS..........
Boston
Fall River
Nev Bedford
Springfield-Holyoke
Worcester

65.07
68.21
51.99
55.83
72.14
70 .2 0

65.24
68.16
51.34
55.54
71.96
71.28

66.90
67.89
52.33
56.52
71.10
72.57

39.2
39.2
37.4
38.5
40.3
39.0

39.3
39.4
37.2
38.3
40.2
39.6

4 0.3
39.7
38 .2
39.8
4l.l
41.0

1.66
1.74
1.39
1.45
1.79
1.80

1.66
1.73
1 .38
1.45
1.79
1.80

1.66
1.71
1.37
1.42
1 .73
1 .7 7

MICHIGAN...............
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Lansing
Muskegon
Saginaw

85.44
90.17
89.17
79-79
87.72
81.18
81.20

85.47
88.44
89.20
8o.4o
94.01
77.74
84.81

85.84
87.20
105.82
79.37
93.56
81.61
90.27

4o.o
39.9
4 0 .7
40.5
40.2
38.4
39.9

39.9
39.2
40.6
41.0
42.1
37.5
40.6

40.8
40.0
45.3
41.6
42.8
39-5
44.1

2.14
2.26
2.19
1.97
2.18
2.11
2.04

2.14
2.26
2.20
1.96
2.23
2.07
2.05

2.10
2.18
2.34
1.92
2.19
2.07
2.05

MINNESOTA..............
Duluth
Minneapolis
St. Paul

73.58
76.07
74.03
74.68

74.22
71.59
75.03
75.81

72.09
72.07
73.88
74.43

4l.i
40.0
4o.l
38.6

4 0 .7
39.0
40.6
39-5

41.4
39-1
41.6
40.0

1.79
1.90
1.85
1.93

I.83
1.84
1.85
1.92

1.74
1.84
1.78
1.86

MISSISSIPPI............
Jackson

48.08
52.86

47.56
50.70

46.33
47.84

40.4
41.3

4i.o
39-3

41.0
40.2

1.19
1.28

1.16
1.2 9

1.13
1.19

MISSOURI...............
Kansas City
St. Louis

67.12
(1/)
(i/)

67.33
75-46
73.63

68.51
76.83
72.59

38.7
(1/)
(l/)

38.8
39-3
39.3

40.1
41.0
40.1

1.73
(1/)
(1/)

1.73
1.92
1.88

1.71
1.88
1.81

MONTANA................

79.26

78.09

78.23

40.1

39.7

40.5

1.98

1.97

1.93

NEBRASKA...............

68.23

68.00

64.51

42.7

42.7

41.9

1.60

1.59

1.54

NEVADA.................

87.85

85.32

83.84

40.3

39-5

4l.l

2.18

2 .16

2.04

NEW HAMPSHIRE..........
Manchester

57.74
54.57

57.86
54.05

57.37
54.43

40.1
38.7

39.9
37.8

40.4
38.6

1.44
1.4l

1.45
1.43

1.42
1.41

NEW JERSEY.............
Nevark-Jersey City
Paterson
Perth Amboy
Trenton

74.58
76.33
75-52
75.93
71.0 1

74.85
76.13
75-99
75.91
72.38

74.95
76.01
74.05
77-16
75.50

39.6
39.9
40.6
40.3
39.1

39.9
39.9
40.9
40.4
39.9

40.8
40.8
40.6
41.8
4i.i

1.88
1.91
1.86
1.88
1.82

1.88
1.91
1.86
1.88
1.81

1.84
1.86
1.82
1.85
1.84

NEW MEXICO.............
Albuquerque

78.17
75.90

77.19
73.22

72.75
69.43

41.8
42.4

41.5
41.6

4i.i
40.6

1.8 7
1.79

1.86
1.76

1.77
1.71

NEW YORK...............
Albany-Schene ctady-Troy
Binghamton
Buffalo
Elmira
Nassau and
Suffolk Counties
Nev York City
Rochester
Syracuse
Utica-Rome
Westchester County

71.20
74.86
65.94
82.56
73-05

71.11
75-02
65.13
82.42
73.53

71.25
76.13
67.04
85.20
68.93

38.7
39.1
38 .1
39.8
4 0.5

38.7
39-3
37.5
4o.i
40.6

39.5
39.4
42.1
39.3

1.84
1.91
1.73
2.08
1.80

1.84
1.91
1.74
2.06
1.81

1.80
1.90
1.70
2.02
1.76

84.18
68.13
76.76
73.64
68.37
70.18

84.89
67.77
76.86
72.88
68.72
71.37

82.96
67.29
76.49
76.25
68.50
69.31

41.2
37.2
39.9
39.9
39.2
38.5

4 1.5
37.3
40.0
39-7
39.4
38.9

41.8
37.5
41.4
4 1 .7
4o.$
39.2

2.04
1.83
1.92
1.84
1.75
1.82

2.05
1.82
1.9 2
1.83
1.75
1.84

1.99
1.79
1.85
1.83
1.69
1.77

table.
See footnotes at end of 1

42



4o.o

Tabte C-& Hours and gross earnings of production workers in
manufacturing industries for se!ected States and areas - Continued
f

Average veekiy earnings

State and area

Averaite veekiy hours
1953
i : 54
July
June
J"iy

t

Average hourly earnings
1354
1553
July
July
June

July

June

July

NORTH CAROLINA.........
Charlotte
Greensboro-High Point

$47.00

$47.25
52.40
46.59

$48.34
51.58
(1 /)

37.6
39.1
36.9

37.8

4o.o
36.4

40.3
(i/1

1.30
1.28

NORTH DAKOTA...........
Fargo

70.86

69.92
(1/)

69.00
67.28

46.3

(1/)

(l/)

45.8
(1 /)

46.4
43.7

OHIO..................
Cincinnati
Cleveland

78.32

78.09

73.14
80.42

73.45

8o.4i
72.38

81.12

85.17

39.3
39.6
39.1

39.4
39.9
39.5

4i.i
4o.4
41.8

OKLAHOMA...............
Oklahoma City
Tulsa

72.45
71.50
78.17

72.21
71.01

41.5
43.3
40.7

OREGON.................
Portland

HENNSYLVANIA...........
Allentovn-BethlehemEaston
Erie
Harrisburg
Lancaster
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading
Scranton
Wilkes-Barre— Hazleton
York

RHODE ISLAND...........
Providence

50.83

47.23

39.3

$1.25

$1.25
1.31

$1.23

1.28

1.28
( 1/ )

1.53

1.53

(1/)

(1/)

1.49
1.54

1.99
1.85

1.98
1.84

2.06

2.05

41.6
42.1
41.3

1.75
1.64
1.93

1.74
1.64
1.92

1.69
1.59
1.83

1.96
1.79
2.04

70.30

41.4

78.14

66.94
75.58

43.6
40.5

81.41
77.01

82.96

83.05

37.9

75.33

38.2

38.3
37.8

39-1

77.45

38.2

2.15
2.02

2.17
2.05

2.12
1.97

69.44

69.41

70.71

38.3

38.2

39.5

1.82

1.82

1.79

62.76

62.22

66.24

73.43
61.37

73.28
6o.4o

70.80
63.30
63.65

35.8
39.5

35.8
39-4
37.7

1.73
1.81

1.74

1.86

1.86
1.60

1.62

1.57

1.53

1.89
2.09
1.67

1.89
2.07
1.67

2.04

1.42
1.34
1.52

1.42
1.34
1.53

1.39
1.34
1.51

1.53
1.52

1.50

40.7

38.2

35.7
39.9

37.7
37.1
4o.7

60.26
60.60

39.1
39.7

39-7
40.2

40.0
40.4

1.53

48.89
51.08

49.48
50.67

38.9
39.5

38.8
38.7

39.9
39-9

1.26

1.26

1.34

1.32

1.24
1.27

44.9
44.2

42.5

42.6
43.7

1.51

1.51

1.49

43.3

1.61

1.61

1.58

4o.o
39.2
39.1
42.4
40.6

40.6
40.2
40.5
42.4
40.3

1.44
1.45

1.40

1.52

1.44
1.45
1.71
1.57

1.49

1.49

1.52
1.44

63.90

73-71
$4.17
47.98

73-37
79-33
63.83
53.65
49.75

60.45

62.23

62.18

59-87

60.60
61.10

60.34

1.75

40.2
39-0
38.7
38.3

62.91

80.92
63.81

38.2

39.2
39-1
41.6
4o.o
4o.4
40.4
39.5
37.1
4l.l

73.28
82.21
67.10

54.83
49.79

38.6

38.9
38.4
38.2

1.59
1.57

1.52

1.83
1.66

1.51

SCUTH CAROLINA.........
Charleston

49.01

SOUTH DAKOTA...........
Sioux Falls

67.74
71.37

64.37

63.27

69.81

68.87

TENNESSEE..............
Chattanooga
Knoxville
Memphis
Nashville

57.02
56.98
65.79
6l.4l
59.15

57-60
56.84
66.86
66.57

56.84
57.49
63.99
64.45

60.49

58.03

39-6
39.3
38.7
40.4
39.7

TEXAS..................

72.86

72.04

70.89

41.4

41.4

41.7

1.76

1.74

1.70

UTAH..................
Salt Lake City

(l/)
(l/)

74.40
75.44

72.76
72.98

(1/)
(1/)

4o.o
4i.o

42.3
41.7

(1/)
(1/)

1.86

1.72
1.75

VERMONT................
Burlington
Springfield

59.06
57.23
66.97

59-14

62.20

40.3

1.46

38.5
38.3

38.6

1.49

45.9

1.75

1.47
1.47
1.76

1.46

56.93
81.24

4o.i
39.4
39.0

42.6

58.00
68.71

VIRGINIA...............
Norfolk-Portsmouth
Richmond

56.23
61.00
62.73

56.66
61.61
60.55

54.74

39-9
40.8
4o.i

39-4

1.42
1.51
1.53

1.42
1.51
1.51

1.40

58.31

39.6
4o.4
4i.o

39.1

62.13

WASHINGTON.............
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma

79.66
76.45

82.22
78.31
82.06
81.63

79-75
75-68
80.04
79.73

39.0
37-9
39.3
39-3

39.2
38.4

39.6
38.3
40.1
39.0

2.04
2.02
2.07
2.09

2.10
2.04
2.02
2.06

2.01
1.98
2.00

52.93

81.27
82.31

See footnotes at end of table.



40.5

39.5

41.7

1.70

1.84

1.43
1.58

1.47

1.77
1.49

1.48

2.05

State and *\rea Houts and L in in g s
Tabte C-& Hours and gross earnings of production wo&ers in
manufacturing industries for setected States and areas - Continued
State and area

Average veekly earnings
1953 .
_____
is>54
July
June
July _

Average veekly hours
1954
L 1953_
July
June
July

_

Average hourly earnings
1954
1953
July
June
July

WEST VIRGINIA..........
Charleston

$70.31
89.20

$70.66
88.58

$71.68
88.18

37.2
40.0

38.4
39.9

39.6
41.4

$1.89
2.23

$1.84
2.22

$1 .8 1
2.13

WISCONSIN..............
Kenosha
La Crosse
Madison
Milwaukee
Racine

72.95
76.92
74.68
76.80
81.56
77.40

75.31
77.50
76.79
78.40
81.48
79.49

72.05
73.28
71.53
72.13
79.76
75.61

40.8
38.7
40.3
39.9
39.4

40.9
39.1
40.8
40.3
40.2
39.9

4 1.9
38.5
38.8
39.4
41.2
40.3

1.79
1.99
I.85
1.93
2.04
1.96

1.84
1.98
1.88
1.94
2.03
1.99

1.72
1.90
1.84
1.83
1.94
1.88

WYOMING................
Casper

82.74
97.58

84.80
97.52

84.67
94.25

39.4
41.7

40.0
4 1.5

41.1
40.8

2.10
2.34

2.12
2.35

2.06
2 .3 1

l/ Not available.

44



4o.o

Exp!anatory Notes
iNTRODUCTtON
The statistics for nonfarm industries presented in
this monthly report are part of the broad program of
the Bureau of Labor Statistics to provide timely, com­
prehensive, accurate, and detailed information for the
use of businessmen, government officials, legislators,
labor unions, research vorkers, and the general public,
and are an integral part of the Federal statistical
system. Current statistics on employment, labor turn­
over, hours, and earnings are basic indicators of
economic change. They are widely used in following
business developments and in making decisions in such
fields as marketing, personnel, plant location, and
government policy. The BLS employment statistics
program also provides data used in making official
indexes of production, productivity, and national
income.
The Bureau publishes monthly statistics on employ­
ment, and hours and earnings for the Nation, for all
states, and for selected metropolitan areas. For
employment, the total of employees in nonagricultural
establishments is shown; for hours and earnings, data
are available for production workers in manufacturing
and selected groups in nonmanufacturing industries.
Within these broad activities data are published in
varying industry detail. Labor turnover rates are
presented for both total manufacturing and component
groups, as well as for selected mining and communica­
tions industries.
Statistics on the number and proportion of women
employees in manufacturing industries and turnover
rates for men and women separately are published
quarterly. In addition, earnings adjusted for price
changes, Federal taxes, and overtime for selected in­
dustries appear monthly, as well as indexes of pro­
duct!on-worker aggregate weekly man-hours for major
manufacturing groups.
These data are reprinted regularly in the MnntM v
Labor Review. Each of the series, from the earliest
period to date, may be obtained by writing to the BLS
Division of Manpower and Employment Statistics. Such
requests should specify the industry series desired.
More detailed descriptions of these series are
available through reprints of Technical Notes which
may be obtained upon request:
"Technical Note on the Maasurement of
Industrial Employment"
"Technical Note on Maasurement of Labor
Turnover"
"Technical Note on Hours and Earnings
in Nonagricultural Industries"

Section A - EMPLOYMENT
Definition of Employment
BLS employment statistics represent the total
number of full— and part-time nonagricultural workers
on establishment payrolls during a specified period
each month.




Persons on an establishment payroll who are on
paid sick-leave, paid holiday, or paid vacation, or
who work during a part of the specified pay period and
are unemployed or on strike during the other part of
the period are counted as employed. Persons are not
considered employed who are laid off or are on leave
without pay, who are on strike for the entire period,
or who are hired but do not report to work during the
period. Proprietors, the self-employed, unpaid family
workers, farm workers, and domestic workers in house­
holds are also excluded. Government employment covers
only civilian employees.
Employment data for nongovernmental establishments
refer to persons who worked during, or received pay
for, any part of the pay period ending nearest the
15th of the month. Current data for Federal Government
establishments generally refer to persons who worked
on, or received pay for, the last day of the month;
for State and local government, persons who received
pay for any part of the pay period ending on, or im­
mediately prior to, the last day of the month.
Beginning with January 1952, the data for Federal
employment are not strictly comparable with those for
prior years, primarily as a result of changes in defi­
nition. For the national series and except for a few
states and areas as noted the following changes were
made starting with that month: (1) data refer to the
last day of the month rather than the first of the
month; (2) employment of the Federal Reserve Banks and
of the mixed ownership banks of the Farm Credit Admin­
istration was transferred from the Federal total to
the "Banks and Trust Companies" group of the "Finance,
Insurance, and Real Estate" division; (3) fourth-class
postmasters, formerly included only in the table show­
ing Federal civilian employment, are now included in
all tables showing government series.
Collection of Establishment Reports
The employment program is based on establishment
payroll reports. An establishment is defined as a
single physical location, such as a factory, mine, or
store where business is conducted. In the case of a
company with several plants or establishments, the
BLS endeavors to obtain separate reports from each
business unit which maintains separate payroll records,
since each may be classified in a different industry.
The BLS, with the cooperation of State agencies,
collects current employment, payroll, and man-hour in­
formation by means of "shuttle" schedules (BLS 790
Forms) mailed monthly to individual establishments.
This shuttle schedule, which has been used by BLS for
more than 20 years, is designed to assist firms to
report consistently, accurately, and with a minimum of
cost. State agencies mail the forms to the establish­
ments and examine the returns for consistency, accu­
racy, and completeness. The states use the informa­
tion to prepare State and area series and then send
the schedules to the BLS Division of Manpower and
Employment Statistics for use in preparing the
national series. Each questionnaire provides a line
for the State agency to enter data for December of the
previous year, as well as lines for the cooperating
establishments to report for each month of the cur­
rent calendar year. The December data, copied Arom
the completed previous year's form, give the reporter
a means for comparison when reporting for January as

an aid to collection of consistent data. The same
form is returned each month to the reporting establish­
ment to be completed. Definitions of terms are de­
scribed in detail in the instructions on each form.

Industrial Classification Code. (U. S. Social Security
Board) for reports from nonmanufacturing establish­
ments.
Benchmark Data

Coverage of Establishment Reports
The Bureau of Labor Statistics obtains monthly
reports from approximately 155,000 establishments,
distributed by industry as shown by the following
table. The table also shows the approximate proportion
of total employment in each industry division covered
by the group of establishments furnishing monthly
employment data. The coverage for individual indus­
tries within the divisions may vary fTom the propor­
tions shown.
Approximate size and coverage of monthly sample
used in BLS employment and payroll statistics
Number of
Employees
establish­
ments!^ Number in Percent
samnla
sample
of total
3,300
440,000
50
Mining..............
783,000
Contract construction..
19,700
28
Manufacturing........
44,100 11,207,000
68
Transportation and
public utilities:
Interstate rail­
—
roads (ICC).......
1,357,000
96
Other transportation
and public utilities
1,430,000
13,600
(BLS).............
51
Wholesale and retail
trade....... .......
60,300
1,889,000
19
Finance, insurance,
486,000
and real estate.....
10,600
25
Service and
miscellaneous:
Hotels and lodging
1,300
145,000
31
Personal services:
Laundries and
cleaning and
dyeing plants....
2,300
99,000
19
Government:
Federal (Civil Service
—
Commission) ...... .
2,368,000
100
State and local
(Bureau of the Census)
2,760,000
—
67
Division
or
industry

Some firms do not report payroll and man-hour
information. Therefore, hours and earnings estimates
are based on a slightly smaller sample than employment
estimates.
Classification of Establishment Reports
To present meaningful tabulations of employment,
hours, earnings, and labor turnover data, establish­
ments are classified into industries on the basis of
the principal product or activity determined from in­
formation on annual sales volume. This information is
collected annually on a product supplement to the
monthly report. The supplement provides for reporting
the percentage of total sales represented by each pro­
duct. In the case of an establishment making more
than one product, the entire employment of the plant
is included under the industry indicated by the most
important product. The titles and descriptions of
industries presented in the 1945 Standard Industrial
Classification Mamml. Vol. I (U. S. Bureau of the
Budget, Washington, D. C.) are used for classifying
reports from manufacturing establishments; the 1942




Experience with employment statistics has shown
that without adjustment to new benchmarks, the employ­
ment estimate tends toward understatement which
becomes larger as the distance from the earlier bench­
mark increases. To adjust for this, the estimates
must be periodically compared with actual counts of
employment in the various nonagricultural industries,
and appropriate revisions made as indicated by the
total counts or benchmarks.
Basic sources of benchmark information are quar­
terly tabulations of employment data, by industry,
compiled by State agencies Orom reports of establish­
ments covered under State unemployment insurance laws.
Supplementary tabulations prepared by the U. S. Bureau
of d d Age and Survivors Insurance are used for the
group of establishments exempt Arom State unemployment
insurance laws because of their small size. For in­
dustries not covered by either of the two programs,
benchmarks are compiled from special establishment
censuses: for example, for interstate railroads, from
establishment data reported to the ICC; for State and
local government, from data reported to the Bureau of
the Census; for the Federal government, from agency
data compiled by the Civil Service Commission. Estab­
lishments are classified into the same industrial
groupings for benchmark purposes as they are for
monthly reporting.
At the time new benchmark data become available,
the BLS estimates which had been prepared for the
benchmark quarter are compared with the levels of the
benchmarks, industry by industry. Where revisions are
necessary, the levels are adjusted between the new
benchmark and the last previous one. Following revi­
sion for these intermediate periods, the industry data
from the most recent benchmark are projected to the
current month by application of the sample trends used
prior to the revision. The benchmark establishes the
level, while the sample determines the trend.
Estimating mthod
The estimating procedure for industries for which
data on both "all employees" and "production and re­
lated workers" are published (i.e., manufacturing and
selected mining industries) is outlined below; the
first step of this method is also used for industries
for which only figures on "all employees" are pub­
lished.
The first step is to compute total employment (all
employees) in the industry for the month following the
benchmark period. The all-employee total for the last
benchmark month (e.g.,March) is multiplied by the per­
cent change of total employment over the month for a
group of establishments reporting for both March and
April. Thus, if firms in the BLS sample for an in­
dustry report 30,000 employees in March and 31,200 in
April, April employment is 104 percent (3.1,200 divided
by 30,000) of March employment. If the all-employee
benchmark in March is 40,000, the all-employee total in
April would be 104 percent of 40,000 or 41,600.
The second step is to compute the production-worker
total for the industry. The all-employee total for the
to all employees. This ratio is computed from those
establishment reports which show data for both items.
Thus, if these firms in April report 24,400 production

workers and a total of 30,500 employees, the ratio of
production workers to all employees would be .80
(24,400 divided by 30,500). The production-worker
total in April would.be 33,280 (41,600 multiplied by
.80).
Figures for subsequent months are computed by
carrying forward the totals for the previous month ac­
cording to the method described above.
Comparability With Other Employment Estimates
Data published by other government and private
agencies differ from BLS employment statistics because
of differences in definition, sources of information,
methods of collection, classification, and estimation.
BLS monthly figures are not directly comparable, for
example, with the estimates of the Bureau of the Census
Mmthlv Report on the Labor Force (MOF). Census data
are obtained by personal interviews with individual
members of a small sample of households and are de­
signed to provide information on the work status of the
whole population, classified by their demographic char­
acteristics. The BLS, on the other hand, obtains data
by mail questionnaire which are based on the payroll
records of business units, and prepares detailed
statistics on the industrial and geographic distribu­
tion of employment and on hours of work and earnings.
Since BLS employment figures are based on estab­
lishment payroll records, persons who worked in more
than one establishment during the reporting period
will be counted more than once in the BLS series. By
definition, proprietors, self-employed persons, domestic

servants, and unpaid family workers are excluded from
the BLS but not the MRIF series. The two series also
differ in date of reference, BLS collecting data for
the pay period ending nearest the 15th of the month
(except for government), while the MRLF relates to the
calendar week containing the 8th day of the month.
Employment estimates derived by the Bureau of the
Census &rom its censuses and/or annual sample surveys
of manufacturing establishments also differ from BLS
employment statistics. Among the important reasons for
lack of comparability are differences in industries
covered, in the business units considered parts of an
establishment, and in the industrial classification of
establishments.
ErnnlnvmRnt statistics for States and Areas
State and area employment statistics are collected
and prepared by State agencies in-cooperation with the
Bureau of Labor Statistics. These statistics are
based on the same reports used for preparing national
estimates. State series are adjusted to benchmark data
from State unemployment insurance agencies and the
Bureau of Old Age and Survivors Insurance. Because
some States have more recent benchmarks than others and
use slightly varying methods of computation, the sum of
the State figures may differ slightly from the official
U. S. totals prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
State and area data in greater industry detail and for
earlier periods may be secured directly upon request to
the appropriate State agency or to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics. The names and addresses of these agencies
are listed on the inside back cover of this report.

-

EMPLOYMENT -

SUMMARY OF METHODS OF COMPUTATtON

Item

Individual manufacturing and
nonmanufacturing industries

Total nonagricultural, divisions,
major groups and groups

MONTHLY DATA
All-employee estimate for
previous month multiplied by
ratio of all employees in
current month to all employees
in previous month for sample
establishments which reported
for both months.
Production workers
(for mining and manu­
facturing )

Sum of all-employee
estimates for component
industries.

All-employee estimate for cur­
rent month multiplied by ratio
of production workers to all
employees in sample establish­
ments for current month.

Sum of production-worker
estimates for component
industries.

ANNUAL DATA
All employees and
production workers




Sum of monthly estimates
divided by 12.

Sum of monthly estimates
divided by 12.

Section B - LABOR TURNOVER
Definition of Labor Turnover
"Labor turnover," as used in this series, refers
to the gross movement of wage and salary workers into
and out of employment status with respect to individ­
ual firms. This movement is subdivided into two broad
types: accessions (new hires and rehires) and separa­
tions (terminations of employment initiated by either
the employer or the employee). Each type of action is
cumulated for a calendar month and expressed as a rate
per 100 employees. Rates of accession and separation
are shown separately. All employees, including execu­
tive, office, sales, and other salaried personnel as
well as production workers are covered by both the
turnover movements and the employment base used in
computing labor turnover rates. All groups of em­
ployees - full- and part-time, permanent and tempo­
rary - are included. Transfers from one establishment
to another within a company are not considered to be
turnover items.
The terms used in labor turnover statistics are
defined in the glossary under "Labor Turnover."

For example, in an industry sample, the total
number of employees who worked during, or received pay
for, the week of January 12-18 was reported as 25,498.
During the period January 1-31 a total of 284 employees
in all reporting firms quit. The quit rate for the in­
dustry is:
284 x 100 = 1.1
25,498
To compute turnover rates for industry groups, the
rates for the component industries are weighted by the
estimated employment. Rates for the durable and non­
durable goods subdivisions and manufacturing division
are computed by weighting the rates of major industry
groups by the estimated employment.
Classification of BstfM ishmant Ramrt*
Beginning with data for January 1950, manufacturing
establishments reporting labor turnover are classified
in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classifica­
tion (1945) code structure. Definitions of nonmanu­
facturing industries are based on the Social Security
Board Classification Code (1942).
For additional details, see Section A-Employment.

Source of Data and Sample Coverage
Comparability With Earlier Data
Labor turnover data are obtained each month from
a sample of establishments by means of a mail ques­
tionnaire. Schedules are received from approximately
7,100 cooperating establishments in the manufacturing,
mining, and communication industries (see below). The
definition of manufacturing used in the turnover series
is more restricted than in the BLS series on employ­
ment and hours and earnings because of the exclusion
of certain manufacturing industries from the labor
turnover sample. The major industries excluded are:
printing, publishing, and allied industries (since
April 1943); canning and preserving fruits, vegetables,
and sea foods; women's and misses' outerwear; and fer­
tilizer.
Approximate coverage of BLS labor turnover sample
Group
and
industry

Number of
mentsin
sample
4,600
4,000
2,600
130

Employees
Number in Percent
samnla
of total
4,800,000
34
3,400,000
38
1,
400,000
27
63,000
60

Labor turnover rates are available on a comparable
basis from January 1930 for manufacturing as a whole
and from 1943 for two coal mining and two communication
industries. Labor turnover rates for many individual
Industries and industry groups for the period prior to
January 1950 are not comparable with the rates for the
subsequent period because of a revision which involved
(1) the adoption of the Standard Industrial Classifi­
cation (1945) code structure for manufacturing indus­
tries, and (2) the introduction of weighting in the
computation of industry-group rates.
Comparability With Ernnlnvment Series
Mbnth-to-month changes in total employment in manu­
facturing industries reflected by labor turnover rates
are not comparable with the changes shown in the Bu­
reau's employment series for the following reasons:
(1) Accessions and separations are computed
for the entire calendar-month; the em­
ployment reports, for the most part, refer
to a 1-week pay period ending nearest the
15th of the month.

Coal mining:
40
275
Communication:
Telephone............

(i/)
(i/)

30,000
120,000

45
33

582,000
28,000

89
60

Data are not available.
3&thod of Computation
To compute turnover rates for individual industries,
the total number of each type of action (accessions,
quits, etc.) reported for a calendar month by the
sample establishments in each industry is first divided
by the total number of employees (both wage and salary
workers), reported by these establishments, who worked
during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period
ending nearest the 15th of that month. The result is
multiplied by 100 to obtain the turnover rate.

4-E




(2) The turnover sample is not as large as the
employment sample and includes propor­
tionately fewer small plants; certain in­
dustries are not covered (see paragraph
on source of data and sample coverage).
(3) Plants are not included in the turnover com­
putations in months when work stoppages are
in progress; the influence of such stoppages
is reflected, however, in the employment
figures.

Section C - HOURS AND EARNtNGS
Production-and Nonsupervisorv-Worker Employment.
Payroll, and Man-Hours
The monthly employment and payroll schedule provides
the following information required to compute averages

of hours and earnings:
(1) The mmthar of full- and part-time productionworkers or nonsupervisory employees who worked during,
or received pay for, any part of the pay period re­
ported. Data cover production and related workers in
manufacturing, mining, laundries, and cleaning and
dyeing plants. Employees covered in the contract con­
struction industries are those engaged in actual con­
struction work. For the remaining industries, unless
otherwise noted, data refer to all nonsupervisory em­
ployees and working supervisors. (See glossary.)
(2) Total e r o a s n a v - m l l a for such workers before
deductions for old-age and unemployment insurance,
withholding tax, bonds, union dues, and special cloth­
ing allowances. The payroll figures also include pay
for sick leave, holidays, and vacations taken. Ex­
cluded are: cash payments for vacations not taken;
retroactive pay not earned during the period reported;
value of payments in kind; contributions to welfare
funds, and insurance or pension plans; and commissions
and bonuses, unless earned and paid regularly each pay
period.
(3) Total man-hours. whether worked or paid for,
of full- and part-time production or nonsupervisory
workers including hours paid for holidays, sick leave,
and vacations taken. If employees elect to work
during a vacation period, only actual hours worked by
such employees are included.
The period reported generally represents the
weekly pay period ending nearest the 15th of the month.
Some establishments, however, use a 2-week or longer
pay period. Such schedules are edited to reduce the
payroll and man-hour aggregates to their proper equiva­
lents for a weekly period.
Collection of Establishment Reports

earnings for those employees not covered under the
production-worker or nonsupervisory-employee defini­
tions.
In addition to the factors mentioned, which exert
varying influences upon gross average hourly earnings,
gross average weekly earnings are affected by changes
in the length of the workweek, part-time work, stop­
pages for varying causes, labor turnover, and absen­
teeism. Gross weekly earnings are not the amount
actually available to workers for spending because no
deduction has been made for income and social security
taxes, group insurance, occupational supplies, and
union dues. For weekly earnings after deduction for
Federal taxes see table C-3. For approximations of
"real" gross weekly earnings, i.e., after adjustment
for price changes, see table C-2.
Average Weekly Hours
The workweek information relates to average hours
worked or paid for, and is somewhat different from
standard or scheduled hours. Normally, such factors as
absenteeism, labor turnover, part-time work, and stop­
pages cause average weekly hours to be lower than the
hours of workers who are on the payroll during the
whole workweek. Group averages further reflect changes
in the workweek of component industries.
Gross Average Weekly Earnings in Current and
1947^9 Dollars
Table C-2 shows gross average weekly earnings in
both current and 1947-49 dollars for selected indus­
tries. These series indicate changes in the level of
weekly earnings before and after adjustment for changes
in purchasing power as determined from the Bureau's
Consumer Price Index. The 3-year average— 1947, 1948,
and 1949— was selected as the base in conformity with
the Bureau of the Budget recommendations that Federal
statistics have a common 1947-49 base period.

See Section A-Employment.
Spendable Average Weekly Earnings
Coverage of Estpt?*!lnhmant Reports
See Section A-Employment.
Classification of Establishment Reports
See Section A-Employment.
Description of Gross Average Hourly and
Weekly Earnings Series
The average hourly earnings information for manu­
facturing and nonmanufacturing industries are on a
"gross" basis; i.e., they reflect not only changes in
basic hourly and incentive wage rates, but also sUph
variable factors as premium pay for overtime and late
shift work, and changes in output of workers paid on
an incentive basis. Employment shifts between rela­
tively high-paid and low-paid work and changes in
workers' earnings in individual establishments also
affect the general earnings averages. Averages for
groups and divisions further reflect changes in average
hourly earnings for individual industries.
Averages of hourly earnings should not be confused
with wage rates. Earnings refer to the actual return
to the worker for a stated period of time; rates are
the amounts stipulated for a given unit of work or time.
However, the average earnings series should not be in­
terpreted as representing total labor costs on the part
of the employer, since the following are excluded: ir­
regular bonuses, retroactive items, payments of various
welfare benefits, payroll taxes paid by employers, and




Net spendable average weekly earnings are obtained
by deducting appropriate amounts for social security
and Federal income taxes from gross weekly earnings.
The amount of income tax liability depends on the
number of dependents supported by the worker, as well
as on the level of his gross income. To reflect these
variables, net spendable earnings have been computed
for two types of income-receivers: (1) a worker with no
dependents; (2) a worker with three dependents.
The computations of net spendable earnings for both
the factory worker with no dependents and the factory
worker with three dependents are based upon the gross
average weekly earnings for all production workers in
manufacturing industries without regard to marital
status, family composition, and total family income.
The spendable series measures relative changes in the
average disposable earnings for two types of incomereceivers .
Net spendable weekly earnings in 1947-49 dollars
represent an approximate measure of changes in "real"
net spendable weekly earnings as indicated by the
changes in the Bureau's Consumer Price Index. "Real"
net spendable weekly earnings are computed by applying
the current CPI to the spendable earnings average for
the current month. The resulting level of spendable
earnings expressed in 1947-49 dollars is thus adjusted
for changes in purchasing power since that base period.
A detailed technical note on net spendable weekly
earnings may be obtained upon request.

5-E

Average Hourly Earnings. Excluding Overtime. of
Production Workers in Manufacturing Industries
The Bureau publishes average hourly earnings exclu­
sive of overtime premium payments for manufacturing as
a whole and the durable- and nondurable-goods sub­
divisions. These data are based on the application of
adjustment factors to gross average hourly earnings (aa
described in the Monthly Labor Review. May 1950, pp. 537540; reprint available. Serial Wo. R. 2020). This
method eliminates only the additional earnings due to
overtime paid for at one and one-half time the straighttime rates after 40 hours a week. Thus, no adjustment
is made for other premium payment provisions— for
example, holiday work, late shift work, and penalty
rates other than time and one-half.
The set of adjustment factors can be used to eli­
minate premium overtime payments from average hourly
earnings in any manufacturing industry where overtime
for individual workers consists typically of hours in
excess of 40 per week paid for at the rate of time and
one-half. As these factors yield results which are
only approximate, they may not be appropriate when exact
figures c r required.
ue
Indexes of Production-Darker Aggregate Weekly
Man-hours

1 week of the pay period ending nearest the 15th of the
month, and may not be typical of the entire month. Ag­
gregate man-hours differ from scheduled man-hours due
to such factors as absenteeism, labor turnover, parttime work, and stoppages.
Railroad Hours and Earnings
The figures for Class I railroads (excluding switch­
ing and terminal companies) are based upon monthly data
summarized in the M-300 report of the Interstate Com­
merce Commission and relate to all employees who re­
ceived pay during the month, except executives, offi­
cials, and staff assistants (ICC Group I). Gross average
hourly earnings are computed by dividing total compensa­
tion by total hours paid for. Average weekly hours are
obtained by dividing the total number of hours paid for,
reduced to a weekly basis, by the number of employees,
as defined above. Gross average weekly earnings are
derived by multiplying average weekly hours by average
hourly earnings. Because hours and earnings data for
manufacturing and other nonmanufacturing industries are
based upon reports to the Bureau of Labor Statistics
which generally represent 1 weekly pay period ending
nearest the 15th of the month, the data for railroad
employees are not strictly comparable with other in­
dustry information shown in this publication.
Hours and Gross Ea-mlrnys for Selected States and Areas

The indexes of production-worker aggregate weekly
man-hours are prepared by dividing the current month's
aggregate by the monthly average for the 1947-4-9 period.
These aggregates represent the product of average weekly
hours and production-worker employment.
The aggregate man-hours are defined as total manhours for which pay was received by full- and part-time
production workers, including hours paid for holidays,
sick leave, and vacations taken. The man-hours are for

- HOURS AND EARNtNGS Item

The State and area hours and earnings data for manu­
facturing are prepared by cooperating State agencies.
These estimates are based on the same reports used in
preparing national estimates. Inasmuch as the estimates
presented in this report relate only to manufacturing as
a whole, variations in earnings among the States and
areas are, to a large degree, caused by differences in
industrial composition. For additional Retails on State
and area statistics see Section A-Employment.

SUMMARY OF METHODS OF COMPUTATtON

Individual manufacturing and
nonmanufacturing industries

Manufacturing division, groups, sub­
groups, and nonmanufacturing groups

MONTHLY DATA
Average weekly hpurs

Total production or nonsupervisory
man-hours divided by number of pro­
duction or nonsupervisory workers.

Average, weighted by employment, of
the average weekly hours for compo­
nent industries.

Average hqwly ear^ir^s
(in
dollars)

Total production or nonsupervisory
worker payroll divided by total pro­
duction or nonsupervisory worker
man-hours.

Average, weighted by aggregate manhours, of the average hourly earnings
for coaponent industries.

Avars** vaalrlv a*mln<?9
(in
dollars)

Product of average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

ANNUAL DATA
Average weekly hpgrg

Annual total of aggregate man-hours
(employment multiplied by average
weekly hours) divided by annual sum
of employment.

Average, weighted by employment, of
the annual averages of weekly hours
for component industries.

Average howlv atn-nincs
(in
dollars)

Annual total of aggregate payrolls
(weekly earnings multiplied by em­
ployment) divided by annual aggregate
man-hours.

Average, weighted by aggregate manhours, of the annual, averages of
hourly earnings for coaponent in­
dustries.

AygEage K9,PM,y
(in
dollars)

Product of average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.




Section D -G L O S S A R Y

separations (including military), as defined below.
Quits are terminations of employment during the
calendar month initiated by employees for such
reasons as: acceptance of a job in another company,
dissatisfaction, return to school, marriage, mater­
nity, ill health, or voluntary retirement where no
company pension is provided. Failure to report after
being hired and unauthorized absences of more than
seven consecutive calendar days are also classified
as quits. Prior to 1940, miscellaneous separations
were also included in this category.

A . . EMPLOYEES - Includes production and related workers
Ti
as defined below and workers engaged in the follow­
ing activities: executive, purchasing, finance, ac­
counting, legal, personnel (including cafeterias,
medical, etc.), professional and technical activities,
sales, sales-delivery, advertising, credit collection,
and installation and servicing of own products, rou­
tine office functions, fhetcry supervision (above the
working foreman level). Also includes employees on
the establishment payroll engaged in new construction
and major additions or alterations to the plant who
are utilized as a separate work force (force-account
construction workers). Proprietors, self-employed
persons, domestic servants, unpaid family workers,
and members of the Armed Forces are excluded.

Discharges are terminations of employment duriig
the calendar month initiated by the employer for such
reasons as employees' incompetence, violation of rules,
dishonesty, insubordination, laziness, habitual ab­
senteeism, or inability to meet physical standards.

CONSTRUCTION WORKERS - Includes working foremen,
journeymen, mechanics, apprentices, helpers, laborers,
and similar workers, engaged in new work, alterations,
demolition, and other actual construction work, at the
site of construction or working in shop or yard at
jobs (such as precutting and preassembling) ordinarily
performed by members of the construction trades; in­
cludes all such workers, regardless of skill, engaged
in any way in contract construction activities.

^Avnffs are terminations of employment during the
calendar month lasting or expected to last more than
seven consecutive calendar days without pay, initi­
ated by the employer without prejudice to the worker,
for such reasons as lack of orders or materials, re­
lease of temporary help, conversion of plant, intro­
duction of labor-saving machinery or processes, or
suspensions of operations without pay during inven­
tory periods.

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION - Covers only firms engaged in the
construction business on a contract basis for others.
Force-account construction workers, i.e., hired di­
rectly by and on the payroll of Federal, State, and
local government, public utilities, and private estab­
lishments, are excluded from contract construction
and included in the employment for such establishments,

MLscellaneous separations finnlndlm? military! are
terminations of employment during the calendar month
because of permanent disability, death, retirement on
company pension, and entrance into the Armed Forces
expected to last more than thirty consecutive calendar
days. Prior to 1940, miscellaneous separations were
included with quits. Beginning September 1940, mili­
tary separations were included here.

DURABLE GOODS - The durable goods subdivision includes
the following major industry groups: ordnance and
accessories; lumber and wood products; furniture and
fixtures; stone, clay, and glass products; primary
metal industries; fabricated metal products; machinery;
electrical machinery; transportation equipment; in­
struments and related products; and miscellaneous
manufacturi ^ industries as defined. This definition
is ooasistent with that used by other Federal agencies,
e.g., Federal Reserve Board.
FINANCE, INSURANCE,AND REAL ESTATE - Covers establish­
ments operating in the fields of finance, insurance,
and real estate, and beginning January 1952, also in­
cludes the Federal Reserve Banks and the ndxed-ownership banks of the Farm Credit Administration for
national and most State and area estimates. However,
in a few State and area estimates the latter two
agencies are included under Government until revisions
can be made by the cooperating State agencies con­
cerned. These exceptions are appropriately noted.
GOVERNMENT - Covers Federal, State, and local government
establishments performing legislative, executive, and
judicial functions, including Government corporations,
Government force-account construction, and such units
as arse als, navy yards, and hospitals. Fourth-class
postmasters are included in the national series and
most State and area series. Exceptions are noted.
State and local government employment includes
teachers, but excludes, as nominal employees, paid
volunteer firemen and elected officials of small local
units.
LABOR TURNOVER:
Separations are terminations of employment during
the calendar month and are classified according to
cause: quits, discharges, layoffs, and miscellaneous




Persons on leave of absence (paid or unpaid) with
the approval of the employer are not counted as sepa­
rations until such time as it is definitely determined
that such persons will not return to work. At that
time, a separation is reported as one of the above
types, depending on the circumstances.
Accessions are the total number of permanent and
temporary additions to the employment roll during tht
calendar month, including both new and rehired em­
ployees. Persons returning to work after a layoff,
military separation, or other absences who have been
counted as separations are considered accessions.
MANUFACTURING - Covers only private establishments.
Government manufacturing operations such as arsenals
and navy yards are excluded from manufacturing and
included under Government.
MINING - Covers establishments engaged in the extraction
fTom the earth of organic and inorganic minerals which
occur in nature as solids, liquids, or gases; includes
various contract services required in mining opera­
tions, such as removal of overburden, tunneling and
shafting, and the drilling or acidizing of oil wells;
also includes ore dressing, beneficiating, and con­
centration.
NONDURABLE GOODS - The nondurable goods subdivision in­
cludes the following major industry groups: food and
kindred products; tobacco manufactures; textile-miU
products; apparel and other finished textile products;
paper and allied products; printing, publishing, and
allied industries; chemicals and allied products;
products of petroleum and coal; rubber products; and
leather and leather products. This definition is con­
sistent with that used by other Federal agencies, e.g.,
Federal Reserve Board.

23

NONSUPEKVISORY EMPLOYEES - Includes enployees (not
above the working supervisory level) such as office
and clerical vorkers, repairmen, salespersons, opera­
tors, drivers, attendants, service enployees, line­
men, laborers, janitors, watchmen, and similar occu­
pational levels, and other employees vhose services
are closely associated vith those of the enployees
listed.
PAYROLL - Private payroll represents the weekly payroll
of both fall- and part-time production and related
workers who worked during, or received pay for, any
part of the pay period ending nearest the 15th of the
month, before deduction for old-age and unemployment
insurance, group insurance, withholding tax, bonds,
and union dues; also includes pay for sick leave,
holidays, and vacations taken. Excludes cash pay­
ments for vacations not taken, retroactive pay not
earned during period reported, value of payments in
kind, and bonuses, unless earned and paid regularly
each pay period.
PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS - Includes working fore­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead
men and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing,
assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling,
packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair,
janitorial, watchman services, products development,
auxiliary production for plant's own use (e.g., power
plant), and record-keeping and other services closely
associated with the above production operations.
REGIONS:

South - Includes the following 17 States: Alabama,
Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi,
North Carolina, CMahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
(In the case of sawmills and planing mills, general,
a third region is identified - the West - and in­
cludes California, Oregon, and Washington.)
SERVICE AND MISCELLANEOUS - Covers establishments pri­
marily engaged in rendering services to individuals
and business firms, including automotive repair serv­
ices. Excludes domestic service workers. Nongovern­
ment schools, hospitals, museums, etc., are in­
cluded under service and miscellaneous; similar
Government establishments are included under Govern­
ment.
TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES - Covers only pri­
vate establishments engaged in providing all types
of transportation and related services; telephone,
telegraph, and other communication services; or pro­
viding electricity, gas,steam, water, or sanitary
service. Similar Government establishments are in­
cluded under Government.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE - Covers establishments
engaged in wholesale trade, i.e., selling merchan­
dise to retailers, and in retail trade, i.e., selling
merchandise for personal or household consumption,
and rendering services incidental to the sales of
goods. Similar Government establishments are in­
cluded under Government.

North - Includes all States except the 17 listed as
South.




U. S. GOVERNMENT PR!NHNG O FF!CE:1954 O

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