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107th Congress, 2d Session

Economic Indicators
SEPTEMBER 2002
(Includes data available as of October 7, 2002)

Prepared for the Joint Economic Committee by the
Council of Economic Advisers

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 2002

JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
(Created pursuant to Sec. 5(a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.)
JIM SAXTON, New Jersey, Chairman
JACK REED, Rhode Island, Vice Chairman
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PAUL RYAN (Wisconsin)
LAMAR SMITH (Texas)
JENNIFER DUNN (Washington)
PHIL ENGLISH (Pennsylvania)
ADAM H. PUTNAM (Florida)
PETE STARK (California)
CAROLYN B. MALONEY (New York)
MELVIN L. WATT (North Carolina)
BARON P. HILL (Indiana)

SENATE
EDWARD M. KENNEDY (Massachusetts)
PAUL S. SARBANES (Maryland)
JEFF BINGAMAN (New Mexico)
JON CORZINE (New Jersey)
ROBERT G. TORRICELLI (New Jersey)
ROBERT F. BENNETT (Utah)
SAM BROWNBACK (Kansas)
JEFF SESSIONS (Alabama)
MIKE CRAPO (Idaho)
LINCOLN D. CHAFEE (Rhode Island)

CHRISTOPHER FRENZE, Executive Director

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS
R. GLENN HUBBARD, Chairman
MARK B. MCCLELLAN, Member
RANDALL S. KROSZNER, Member
[PUBLIC LAW 120—81ST CONGRESS; CHAPTER 237—1ST SESSION]
JOINT RESOLUTION [S.J. Res. 55]
To print the monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators’’
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the
Joint Economic Committee be authorized to issue a monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators,’’ and that
a sufficient quantity be printed to furnish one copy to each Member of Congress; the Secretary and the Sergeant
at Arms of the Senate; the Clerk, Sergeant at Arms, and Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives; two copies
to the libraries of the Senate and House, and the Congressional Library; seven hundred copies to the Joint Economic
Committee; and the required numbers of copies to the Superintendent of Documents for distribution to depository
libraries; and that the Superintendent of Documents be authorized to have copies printed for sale to the public.
Approved June 23, 1949.
Charts prepared by the Art Production Section, Design and Graphics Branch,
Office of the Secretary, Department of Commerce.

Economic Indicators, published monthly, is available at $3.00 a single copy
($3.75 foreign), or by subscription at $33.00 per year ($41.25 for foreign mailing)
from:
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20402
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402–9328

ii

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
In the second quarter of 2002, according to revised estimates, current-dollar gross domestic product (GDP) rose
2.5 percent (annual rate), real GDP (GDP in chained 1996 dollars) rose 1.3 percent, and the implicit price deflator
rose 1.2 percent.

[Billions of current dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1992 ......................
1993 ......................
1994 ......................
1995 ......................
1996 ......................
1997 ......................
1998 ......................
1999 ......................
2000 ......................
2001 ......................
1999: I .................
II ................
III ..............
IV ...............
2000: I .................
II ................
III ..............
IV ...............
2001: I .................
II ................
III ..............
IV ...............
2002: I .................
II r ..............
1 GDP

Exports and imports
of goods and services

Personal Gross
Gross
conprivate
domestic sumption domestic
product expendi- investtures
ment

Net
exports

Exports

6,318.9
6,642.3
7,054.3
7,400.5
7,813.2
8,318.4
8,781.5
9,274.3
9,824.6
10,082.2
9,092.7
9,171.7
9,316.5
9,516.4
9,649.5
9,820.7
9,874.8
9,953.6
10,028.1
10,049.9
10,097.7
10,152.9
10,313.1
10,376.9

¥27.9
¥60.5
¥87.1
¥84.3
¥89.0
¥89.3
¥151.7
¥249.9
¥365.5
¥348.9
¥196.4
¥241.8
¥274.6
¥286.7
¥330.6
¥353.2
¥384.9
¥393.2
¥372.7
¥365.7
¥312.6
¥344.5
¥360.1
¥425.6

636.8
658.0
725.1
818.6
874.2
966.4
964.9
989.3
1,101.1
1,034.1
959.2
970.2
996.8
1,031.2
1,055.9
1,098.0
1,130.9
1,119.8
1,100.0
1,059.7
1,005.8
971.1
977.5
1,018.1

4,209.7
4,454.7
4,716.4
4,969.0
5,237.5
5,529.3
5,856.0
6,246.5
6,683.7
6,987.0
6,076.6
6,195.6
6,299.4
6,414.5
6,552.2
6,638.7
6,736.1
6,808.0
6,904.7
6,959.8
6,983.7
7,099.9
7,174.2
7,254.7

866.6
955.1
1,097.1
1,143.8
1,242.7
1,390.5
1,538.7
1,636.7
1,755.4
1,586.0
1,618.0
1,597.8
1,637.9
1,693.2
1,711.4
1,786.3
1,766.4
1,757.4
1,671.1
1,597.2
1,574.9
1,500.7
1,559.4
1,588.0

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Imports

Total
Total

less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.

664.6
718.5
812.1
902.8
963.1
1,055.8
1,116.7
1,239.2
1,466.6
1,383.0
1,155.6
1,212.0
1,271.4
1,317.9
1,386.5
1,451.1
1,515.8
1,513.0
1,472.8
1,425.3
1,318.4
1,315.6
1,337.5
1,443.7

1,270.5
1,293.0
1,327.9
1,372.0
1,421.9
1,487.9
1,538.5
1,641.0
1,751.0
1,858.0
1,594.6
1,620.1
1,653.9
1,695.4
1,716.5
1,748.8
1,757.2
1,781.4
1,825.0
1,858.5
1,851.7
1,896.8
1,939.5
1,959.8

534.5
527.3
521.1
521.5
531.6
538.2
539.2
565.0
589.2
628.1
550.0
556.1
569.0
584.9
575.7
598.5
589.7
592.9
613.3
624.8
627.4
646.9
672.0
688.2

National
defense
378.5
364.9
355.1
350.6
357.0
352.6
349.1
364.3
374.9
399.9
354.0
355.1
368.7
379.5
365.5
379.1
375.0
380.0
391.4
395.2
400.3
412.8
431.7
442.1

Nondefense
156.0
162.4
165.9
170.9
174.6
185.6
190.1
200.7
214.3
228.2
196.0
201.0
200.3
205.5
210.2
219.4
214.7
213.0
221.9
229.6
227.2
234.1
240.3
246.1

State
and
local
736.0
765.7
806.8
850.5
890.4
949.7
999.3
1,076.0
1,161.8
1,229.9
1,044.5
1,064.0
1,084.8
1,110.5
1,140.8
1,150.3
1,167.4
1,188.5
1,211.7
1,233.7
1,224.3
1,249.8
1,267.5
1,271.6

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

6,303.9
6,621.2
6,991.8
7,367.5
7,783.2
8,255.5
8,708.4
9,214.8
9,761.1
10,142.5
9,018.0
9,144.0
9,269.7
9,427.5
9,602.6
9,731.5
9,813.6
9,896.6
10,055.3
10,107.0
10,158.3
10,249.4
10,343.0
10,373.5

6,346.8
6,702.8
7,141.4
7,484.8
7,902.1
8,407.7
8,933.3
9,524.2
10,190.1
10,431.0
9,289.1
9,413.5
9,591.2
9,803.1
9,980.1
10,173.9
10,259.7
10,346.8
10,400.8
10,415.5
10,410.4
10,497.4
10,673.1
10,802.4

6,342.3
6,666.7
7,071.1
7,420.9
7,831.2
8,325.4
8,778.1
9,297.1
9,848.0
10,104.1
9,112.7
9,195.9
9,333.6
9,546.0
9,670.5
9,846.4
9,892.5
9,982.8
10,038.0
10,081.0
10,109.3
10,188.1
10,314.9
10,356.8

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

1

REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1992 .........
1993 .........
1994 .........
1995 .........
1996 .........
1997 .........
1998 .........
1999 .........
2000 .........
2001 .........
1999: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2000: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2001: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2002: I ....
II r

Gross private
domestic investment

Personal
consumption
expenditures

Gross
domestic
product

6,880.0
7,062.6
7,347.7
7,543.8
7,813.2
8,159.5
8,508.9
8,859.0
9,191.4
9,214.5
8,733.2
8,775.5
8,886.9
9,040.1
9,097.4
9,205.7
9,218.7
9,243.8
9,229.9
9,193.1
9,186.4
9,248.8
9,363.2
9,392.4

Nonresidential
fixed
investment

4,594.5
4,748.9
4,928.1
5,075.6
5,237.5
5,423.9
5,683.7
5,964.5
6,223.9
6,377.2
5,851.4
5,932.8
6,000.1
6,073.6
6,151.9
6,198.2
6,256.8
6,288.8
6,326.0
6,348.0
6,370.9
6,464.0
6,513.8
6,542.4

Residential
fixed
investment

630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.4
1,324.2
1,255.1
1,197.5
1,220.4
1,243.3
1,252.4
1,297.1
1,329.1
1,340.7
1,329.9
1,311.4
1,261.0
1,241.7
1,206.4
1,188.4
1,181.1

257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
372.4
373.5
364.1
368.4
369.2
371.7
379.1
376.2
367.2
367.2
374.5
374.0
374.3
371.0
383.6
386.1

Change
in private
inventories

17.1
20.0
66.8
30.4
30.0
63.8
76.7
62.8
65.0
¥61.4
80.0
31.2
47.6
92.2
45.3
91.5
63.1
59.9
¥26.9
¥58.3
¥61.8
¥98.4
¥28.9
4.9

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Net
exports

Exports

¥19.8
¥59.1
¥86.5
¥78.4
¥89.0
¥113.3
¥221.1
¥320.5
¥398.8
¥415.9
¥283.2
¥319.6
¥339.6
¥339.5
¥368.8
¥394.6
¥413.1
¥418.5
¥404.5
¥414.8
¥419.0
¥425.3
¥446.6
¥487.4

651.0
672.7
732.8
808.2
874.2
981.5
1,002.4
1,036.3
1,137.2
1,076.1
1,007.5
1,018.1
1,044.1
1,075.6
1,095.8
1,133.9
1,165.5
1,153.7
1,135.8
1,098.8
1,048.0
1,021.8
1,030.6
1,065.5

Imports

Total
Total

670.8
731.8
819.4
886.6
963.1
1,094.8
1,223.5
1,356.8
1,536.0
1,492.0
1,290.7
1,337.7
1,383.7
1,415.2
1,464.6
1,528.5
1,578.6
1,572.2
1,540.3
1,513.6
1,467.0
1,447.2
1,477.1
1,552.9

1 GDP less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

1,410.0
1,398.8
1,400.1
1,406.4
1,421.9
1,455.4
1,483.3
1,540.6
1,582.5
1,640.4
1,515.9
1,526.7
1,546.5
1,573.2
1,568.3
1,586.1
1,582.2
1,593.4
1,615.7
1,638.0
1,633.3
1,674.5
1,697.3
1,703.3

National
defense

595.1
572.0
551.3
536.5
531.6
529.6
525.4
537.7
544.4
570.6
527.2
530.6
540.1
553.0
533.8
554.0
543.7
546.4
559.0
567.2
568.9
587.2
597.8
608.7

417.1
394.7
375.9
361.9
357.0
347.7
341.6
348.8
348.7
366.0
341.2
341.0
352.4
360.8
341.3
353.4
347.9
351.9
359.0
361.4
365.5
378.0
388.5
395.8

Nondefense

177.9
177.3
175.5
174.6
174.6
181.8
183.8
188.8
195.6
204.4
185.9
189.5
187.7
192.1
192.3
200.3
195.6
194.3
199.8
205.6
203.2
209.1
209.3
212.9

State
and
local

815.3
827.0
848.9
869.9
890.4
925.8
957.7
1,002.4
1,037.4
1,069.4
988.3
995.7
1,006.0
1,019.8
1,033.8
1,031.8
1,037.8
1,046.3
1,056.2
1,070.2
1,064.1
1,087.1
1,099.3
1,094.7

Final
sales of
domestic
product

6,867.7
7,043.8
7,285.8
7,512.2
7,783.2
8,095.2
8,431.8
8,793.9
9,121.1
9,258.4
8,654.3
8,741.0
8,833.6
8,946.6
9,042.9
9,111.1
9,150.4
9,179.8
9,243.8
9,234.3
9,230.5
9,324.9
9,379.4
9,377.9

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

6,896.4
7,120.6
7,434.2
7,621.8
7,902.1
8,271.7
8,721.3
9,160.2
9,561.2
9,600.7
9,002.1
9,076.2
9,204.9
9,357.7
9,440.8
9,571.9
9,600.9
9,631.0
9,604.6
9,577.1
9,575.8
9,645.3
9,778.2
9,840.8

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

6,905.8
7,087.8
7,364.3
7,564.0
7,831.2
8,168.1
8,508.4
8,883.7
9,216.2
9,237.3
8,755.5
8,801.8
8,906.4
9,071.1
9,119.7
9,233.0
9,238.2
9,274.0
9,241.7
9,224.3
9,199.8
9,283.5
9,367.5
9,376.7

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

IMPLICIT PRICE DEFLATORS FOR GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Index numbers, 1996=100; quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]

Personal consumption
expenditures
Period

1992 ..................
1993 ..................
1994 ..................
1995 ..................
1996 ..................
1997 ..................
1998 .................
1999 .................
2000 .................
2001 .................
1999: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2000: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2001: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2002: I ............
II r ..........

Gross
domestic
product

91.84
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.69
106.89
109.42
104.12
104.51
104.83
105.27
106.07
106.68
107.12
107.68
108.65
109.32
109.92
109.78
110.14
110.48

Total

91.6293.81
95.70
97.90
100.00
101.94
103.03
104.73
107.39
109.56
103.85
104.43
104.99
105.61
106.51
107.11
107.66
108.26
109.15
109.64
109.62
109.84
110.14
110.89

Durable
goods

Nondurable goods

Services

98.28
99.06
100.56
101.06
100.00
97.75
95.40
93.03
91.46
89.70
93.71
93.24
92.84
92.38
91.91
91.74
91.24
90.96
90.70
89.91
89.31
88.97
88.02
87.38

95.20
96.14
96.83
97.93
100.00
101.34
101.31
103.69
107.59
109.17
102.13
103.29
104.16
105.10
106.48
107.28
108.04
108.53
109.00
109.80
109.42
108.45
108.52
109.75

88.50
91.56
94.16
97.25
100.00
103.12
105.53
107.81
110.85
114.32
106.92
107.44
108.07
108.78
109.75
110.44
111.15
112.02
113.42
114.08
114.40
115.38
116.14
117.00

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

2

Gross private
domestic investment

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Nonresidential
fixed

Residential fixed

99.29
99.81
100.54
100.93
100.00
99.02
96.95
95.53
95.59
95.73
96.04
95.68
95.28
95.16
95.33
95.43
95.73
95.85
95.95
95.96
95.68
95.31
94.81
94.47

87.69
91.23
94.48
97.91
100.00
102.68
105.58
109.59
114.40
119.09
108.02
109.22
110.11
110.98
112.89
113.98
114.87
115.91
117.49
118.78
119.51
120.60
120.61
121.40

Exports

Imports
Total

97.82
97.82
98.94
101.28
100.00
98.47
96.26
95.47
96.83
96.10
95.21
95.29
95.47
95.87
96.36
96.83
97.03
97.06
96.85
96.44
95.97
95.03
94.85
95.55

99.09
98.18
99.12
101.83
100.00
96.44
91.27
91.33
95.49
92.70
89.54
90.60
91.88
93.13
94.67
94.94
96.02
96.24
95.61
94.17
89.87
90.91
90.55
92.97

89.82
92.18
94.51
97.21
100.00
101.63
102.63
105.08
108.23
110.09
104.33
104.82
105.36
105.77
107.87
108.04
108.48
108.52
109.72
110.15
110.29
110.18
112.41
113.06

National
defense

Nondefense

State
and
local

90.75
92.45
94.49
96.88
100.00
101.41
102.22
104.44
107.53
109.27
103.77
104.15
104.65
105.16
107.09
107.26
107.80
107.96
109.02
109.35
109.50
109.22
111.14
111.70

87.71
91.58
94.55
97.90
100.00
102.06
103.41
106.29
109.55
111.63
105.41
106.08
106.70
106.94
109.34
109.52
109.77
109.59
111.06
111.67
111.79
111.97
114.79
115.60

90.28
92.59
95.04
97.77
100.00
102.58
104.34
107.33
111.98
115.01
105.70
106.86
107.84
108.89
110.35
111.49
112.49
113.59
114.72
115.28
115.06
114.97
115.29
116.16

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND RELATED PRICE MEASURES:
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES
[Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]
Percent change from preceding period 1

Index numbers, 1996=100

1992 .............................................................
1993 .............................................................
1994 .............................................................
1995 .............................................................
1996 .............................................................
1997 ..............................................................
1998 .............................................................
1999 .............................................................
2000 .............................................................
2001 .............................................................
1997: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
1998: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
1999: I ........................................................
II .......................................................
III .....................................................
IV ......................................................
2000: I ........................................................
II .......................................................
III .....................................................
IV ......................................................
2001: I ........................................................
II .......................................................
III .....................................................
IV ......................................................
2002: I .........................................................
II r .....................................................
1 Percent

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
(current
dollars)

Period

80.88
85.01
90.29
94.72
100.00
106.47
112.39
118.70
125.74
129.04
103.98
105.97
107.39
108.52
110.43
111.32
112.84
114.99
116.38
117.39
119.24
121.80
123.50
125.69
126.39
127.40
128.35
128.63
129.24
129.95
132.00
132.81

GDP
chain-type
price index

88.06
90.39
94.04
96.55
100.00
104.43
108.91
113.39
117.64
117.94
102.60
104.08
105.16
105.88
107.46
108.06
109.16
110.94
111.78
112.32
113.74
115.70
116.44
117.82
117.99
118.31
118.13
117.66
117.58
118.37
119.84
120.21

91.85
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.69
106.89
109.42
101.36
101.82
102.12
102.49
102.76
103.02
103.38
103.66
104.12
104.52
104.84
105.28
106.08
106.69
107.13
107.68
108.66
109.32
109.92
109.78
110.14
110.48

changes based on unrounded data. Quarterly percent changes are at annual rates.

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

GDP
(current
dollars)

91.84
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.69
106.89
109.42
101.34
101.82
102.12
102.49
102.76
103.01
103.38
103.65
104.12
104.51
104.83
105.27
106.07
106.68
107.12
107.68
108.65
109.32
109.92
109.78
110.14
110.48

5.6
5.1
6.2
4.9
5.6
6.5
5.6
5.6
5.9
2.6
7.3
7.9
5.5
4.2
7.2
3.3
5.6
7.8
4.9
3.5
6.5
8.9
5.7
7.3
2.2
3.2
3.0
.9
1.9
2.2
6.5
2.5

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
chain-type
price
index

3.0
2.7
4.0
2.7
3.6
4.4
4.3
4.1
3.8
.3
4.4
5.9
4.2
2.8
6.1
2.2
4.1
6.7
3.0
2.0
5.2
7.1
2.6
4.8
.6
1.1
¥.6
¥1.6
¥.3
2.7
5.0
1.3

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

2.4
2.4
2.1
2.2
1.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
2.1
2.4
2.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
1.7
3.1
2.3
1.6
2.1
3.7
2.5
2.2
¥.5
1.3
1.2

2.4
2.4
2.1
2.2
1.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
2.1
2.4
2.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
1.7
3.1
2.3
1.6
2.1
3.7
2.5
2.2
¥.5
1.3
1.2

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE BUSINESS–OUTPUT, PRICE, COSTS, AND PROFITS
[Quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Gross product
of nonfinancial
corporate business
(billions of dollars)
Period
Current
dollars

1992 ........................................................
1993 ........................................................
1994 ........................................................
1995 ........................................................
1996 ........................................................
1997 .........................................................
1998 ........................................................
1999 ........................................................
2000 ........................................................
2001 ........................................................
1999: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2000: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2001: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2002: I ...................................................
II r ................................................
1 The

Chained
(1996)
dollars

3,288.0
3,457.6
3,737.2
3,945.9
4,159.5
4,435.1
4,707.1
4,981.0
5,295.0
5,354.2
4,899.9
4,945.1
4,995.0
5,084.2
5,228.7
5,275.1
5,335.5
5,340.7
5,318.6
5,340.9
5,365.7
5,391.6
r 5,423.8
5,488.7

3,468.4
3,573.8
3,801.5
3,960.1
4,159.5
4,404.2
4,658.1
4,896.3
5,075.7
5,048.7
4,832.8
4,870.2
4,909.6
4,972.7
5,065.2
5,063.2
5,095.3
5,079.1
5,037.6
5,032.2
5,029.0
5,096.1
r 5,137.1
5,203.5

Price, costs, and profits per unit of real output (dollars)
Price per
unit of real
gross product of nonfinancial
corporate
business 1

Compensation of employees
(unit labor
cost)

0.948
.967
.983
.996
1.000
1.007
1.011
1.017
1.043
1.061
1.014
1.015
1.017
1.022
1.032
1.042
1.047
1.052
1.056
1.061
1.067
1.058
1.056
1.055

0.633
.641
.639
.645
.641
.644
.656
.668
.698
.708
.665
.665
.669
.674
.688
.692
.702
.710
.712
.712
.710
.697
.695
.693

deflator for gross product of nonfinancial corporate business divided by 100.
business tax and nontax liability plus business transfer payments less subsidies.
3 Unit profits from current production.
2 Indirect

Corporate profits with inventory
valuation and capital consumption
adjustments 3

Unit nonlabor cost

Total

0.236
.236
.238
.239
.236
.237
.240
.244
.254
.272
.239
.241
.246
.247
.248
.253
.256
.261
.268
.271
.276
.273
r .273
.274

Consumption of
fixed
capital

Indirect
business
tax, etc.2

Net interest

0.107
.108
.109
.110
.111
.112
.112
.114
.118
.129
.112
.113
.115
.114
.115
.117
.119
.121
.125
.127
.136
.129
r .131
.132

0.096
.098
.101
.100
.099
.098
.098
.098
.100
.104
.097
.097
.098
.099
.099
.100
.100
.102
.104
.105
.101
.105
.105
.105

0.033
.030
.028
.029
.026
.027
.030
.032
.036
.039
.030
.031
.033
.034
.034
.036
.037
.038
.039
.039
.039
.039
.037
.037

Total

0.080
.091
.106
.112
.122
.126
.114
.106
.091
.081
.110
.109
.103
.102
.097
.097
.090
.081
.076
.078
.080
.088
.088
.088

Profits
tax
liability

0.026
.029
.034
.035
.036
.036
.033
.034
.034
.024
.034
.035
.034
.034
.036
.036
.033
.030
.027
.027
.026
.018
.023
.025

Profits
after
tax 4

0.054
.062
.072
.077
.086
.090
.081
.072
.057
.056
.076
.074
.069
.068
.061
.061
.056
.051
.050
.051
.054
.070
.065
.063

4 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
Note.—See Note, p. 5.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

3

NATIONAL INCOME
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

National
income

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
1999:

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
I .................................
II ...............................
III ..............................
IV ..............................
2000: I .................................
II ...............................
III ..............................
IV ..............................
2001: I .................................
II ...............................
III ..............................
IV ..............................
2002: I .................................
II r ..............................

Compensation
of
employees1

4,994.9
5,251.9
5,556.8
5,876.7
6,210.4
6,618.4
7,041.4
7,468.7
7,984.4
8,122.0
7,343.1
7,405.9
7,475.9
7,650.1
7,860.2
7,954.5
8,048.3
8,074.8
8,092.1
8,110.1
8,089.1
8,196.8
r 8,268.5
8,327.7

Proprietors’ income
with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments

Farm

3,644.8
3,814.4
4,016.2
4,202.5
4,395.6
4,651.3
4,989.6
5,308.8
5,723.4
5,874.9
5,216.8
5,260.3
5,329.0
5,429.1
5,627.3
5,670.5
5,773.1
5,822.7
5,878.9
5,879.3
5,880.4
5,860.9
r 5,908.4
5,963.5

Rental
income
of
persons
with
capital
consumption
adjustment

Nonfarm

32.7
30.1
31.9
22.2
34.3
29.7
25.6
27.7
22.6
19.0
30.1
29.7
25.7
25.4
22.3
25.0
21.7
21.2
19.3
18.4
19.3
19.2
21.7
7.5

401.7
431.7
444.6
475.5
510.5
551.5
598.2
650.7
692.2
708.8
629.2
644.5
657.0
672.0
680.2
693.8
696.9
698.1
701.9
708.2
713.1
712.1
726.7
740.0

63.3
90.9
110.3
117.9
129.7
128.3
138.6
149.1
146.6
137.9
148.9
149.9
145.8
152.0
151.4
146.7
144.9
143.5
137.0
134.3
140.8
139.3
141.3
153.5

1 Includes employer contributions for social insurance. (See also p. 5.)
NOTE.—See Note, p. 5.

Corporate profits with inventory valuation and
capital consumption adjustments
Profits with inventory valuation
adjustment and without capital
consumption adjustment
Total
Total

453.1
510.5
573.2
668.8
754.0
833.8
777.4
805.8
788.1
731.6
808.2
802.1
788.0
824.7
807.6
807.3
787.7
749.7
706.5
721.4
687.2
811.4
797.6
785.0

Profits
before tax

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

451.6
510.4
573.4
668.5
726.3
792.4
721.1
762.1
782.3
670.2
744.4
752.9
753.4
797.6
796.9
800.5
780.6
751.1
707.0
720.2
654.3
599.1
639.4
657.9

¥2.8
¥4.0
¥12.4
¥18.3
3.1
8.4
18.3
¥4.2
¥15.0
5.0
16.0
¥2.5
¥13.8
¥16.6
¥22.6
¥16.4
¥8.3
¥12.5
¥10.1
¥6.2
8.9
27.2
1.9
¥5.7

448.8
506.4
561.0
650.2
729.4
800.8
739.4
757.9
767.3
675.1
760.5
750.5
739.6
781.0
774.3
784.2
772.3
738.6
696.9
714.0
663.2
626.3
641.3
652.2

Capital
consumption
adjustment

Net
interest

4.3
4.1
12.2
18.6
24.6
32.9
38.0
47.9
20.8
56.5
47.8
51.6
48.5
43.7
33.4
23.1
15.4
11.1
9.6
7.3
23.9
185.1
156.3
132.8

399.5
374.3
380.5
389.8
386.3
423.9
511.9
526.6
611.5
649.8
509.9
519.4
530.4
546.8
571.3
611.1
624.0
639.6
648.5
648.6
648.3
653.9
672.8
678.1

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars, except as noted; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Durable goods

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
1999:

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2000: I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2001: I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2002: I ..........
II r ........

Total
personal
consumption
expenditures

4,594.5
4,748.9
4,928.1
5,075.6
5,237.5
5,423.9
5,683.7
5,964.5
6,223.9
6,377.2
5,851.4
5,932.8
6,000.1
6,073.6
6,151.9
6,198.2
6,256.8
6,288.8
6,326.0
6,348.0
6,370.9
6,464.0
6,513.8
6,542.4

Total
durable
goods

479.0
518.3
557.7
583.5
616.5
657.3
726.7
812.5
878.9
931.9
777.6
804.2
824.1
844.2
879.5
871.3
888.5
876.5
900.6
912.4
922.6
992.0
975.9
980.7

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

225.7
242.2
255.1
253.4
256.3
264.8
292.0
322.1
338.4
361.9
309.0
322.9
326.9
329.5
347.3
333.8
343.6
329.1
345.1
349.5
352.8
400.4
370.0
369.1

Furniture
and
household
equipment

161.5
177.4
196.3
215.4
236.9
261.9
293.3
335.1
374.0
398.0
317.8
328.6
340.8
353.1
366.0
372.2
377.1
380.6
386.0
392.8
399.5
413.6
428.2
435.2

Nondurable goods

Other

94.1
100.7
107.6
115.0
123.3
130.8
141.8
156.5
169.6
175.3
151.6
153.4
157.7
163.5
167.8
168.6
170.7
171.3
173.1
174.2
175.0
178.9
184.2
184.1

Total
nondurable
goods

1,389.7
1,430.3
1,485.1
1,529.0
1,574.1
1,619.9
1,686.4
1,765.1
1,833.8
1,869.8
1,736.1
1,756.7
1,767.7
1,799.9
1,809.7
1,831.6
1,840.9
1,853.1
1,863.7
1,862.3
1,868.3
1,885.0
1,921.4
1,920.9

Food

725.6
745.1
764.9
777.0
786.0
794.5
819.4
846.8
879.0
887.0
831.9
842.2
847.3
866.0
870.8
880.5
880.7
883.9
889.1
887.4
884.3
887.1
901.4
899.2

1 Includes other items, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

4

Clothing
and
shoes

208.8
218.5
231.6
244.3
258.6
271.6
290.4
312.1
329.4
337.7
307.9
311.6
314.1
314.7
322.3
327.9
332.3
335.1
334.3
334.7
337.1
344.8
355.8
355.1

Gasoline
and
oil

112.5
115.4
117.4
120.2
124.2
128.1
131.8
136.4
135.7
138.8
134.3
136.8
136.1
138.6
134.4
135.9
136.1
136.3
137.6
136.2
139.9
141.4
145.1
144.7

Services

Fuel
oil
and
coal

13.2
14.0
15.0
15.7
15.6
15.0
14.3
14.7
14.0
12.6
14.6
15.2
14.7
14.1
13.3
14.2
14.0
14.5
13.9
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.4
12.1

Other

331.2
338.5
356.8
372.0
389.8
410.8
430.8
455.7
477.0
495.5
448.1
451.7
456.3
466.6
469.8
474.1
479.2
484.7
490.0
493.5
496.5
502.0
510.1
513.1

Total
services 1

2,729.7
2,802.5
2,886.2
2,963.4
3,047.0
3,147.0
3,273.4
3,395.4
3,524.5
3,594.9
3,343.6
3,379.7
3,417.4
3,440.7
3,477.7
3,508.2
3,541.7
3,570.6
3,576.3
3,589.3
3,597.5
3,616.6
3,642.2
3,666.2

Housing

Medical
care

719.3
728.1
749.1
763.7
772.6
787.2
808.7
835.0
851.3
866.0
827.6
833.0
837.7
841.6
844.7
849.5
853.4
857.5
862.0
865.1
867.1
869.6
874.0
878.5

765.4
775.4
783.1
797.7
814.4
835.4
857.7
875.6
900.1
938.3
867.3
872.1
878.6
884.4
888.5
896.2
903.2
912.5
921.4
932.7
944.3
954.9
963.4
974.7

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Retail sales
of new passenger cars
and light
trucks (millions of
units)

12.8
13.9
15.0
14.7
15.0
15.1
15.4
16.8
17.2
17.0
16.2
16.6
17.1
17.2
18.1
17.1
17.4
16.3
16.9
16.5
16.2
18.4
16.3
16.3

SOURCES OF PERSONAL INCOME
Personal income rose $33.0 billion (annual rate) in August, following an increase of $2.6 billion in July. Wages
and salaries rose $23.8 billion in August, following a decrease of $14.2 billion in July.

[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1992 .................................................................
1993 .................................................................
1994 .................................................................
1995 .................................................................
1996 .................................................................
1997 ................................................................
1998 ................................................................
1999 ................................................................
2000 ................................................................
2001 ................................................................
2001: Aug ......................................................
Sept .....................................................
Oct ......................................................
Nov ......................................................
Dec ......................................................
2002: Jan r ......................................................
Feb r .....................................................
Mar r .....................................................
Apr r ......................................................
May r .....................................................
June r ....................................................
July r .....................................................
Aug p .....................................................

Total
personal
income

5,390.4
5,610.0
5,888.0
6,200.9
6,547.4
6,937.0
7,426.0
7,786.5
8,406.6
8,685.3
8,701.0
8,707.5
8,685.2
8,686.7
8,730.9
8,766.8
8,807.2
8,836.3
8,869.2
8,906.0
8,966.0
8,968.6
9,001.6

Wage and
salary
disbursements 1

2,982.6
3,085.2
3,236.7
3,424.7
3,626.5
3,888.9
4,192.8
4,470.4
4,836.3
4,950.6
4,952.3
4,946.1
4,923.5
4,922.3
4,948.6
4,941.0
4,956.9
4,975.4
4,972.7
4,990.1
5,028.0
5,013.8
5,037.6

Proprietors’ income 3
Other labor
income 1 2

449.5
482.8
507.5
497.0
490.0
475.4
490.6
510.2
544.2
570.4
572.3
573.8
574.7
576.2
577.9
586.1
590.7
595.5
599.8
603.9
608.5
612.6
617.2

1 The total of wage and salary disbursements and other labor income differs from compensation of employees (see p. 4) in that it excludes employer contributions for social insurance and
the excess of wage accruals over wage disbursements.
2 Consists primarily of employer contributions to private pension and private welfare funds.
3 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
4 With capital consumption adjustment.

Farm

32.7
30.1
31.9
22.2
34.3
29.7
25.6
27.7
22.6
19.0
19.3
19.4
19.1
19.2
19.4
20.8
21.8
22.5
14.0
5.1
3.3
9.1
13.3

Nonfarm

401.7
431.7
444.6
475.5
510.5
551.5
598.2
650.7
692.2
708.8
712.8
716.4
708.7
710.2
717.4
722.4
728.2
729.4
737.4
740.9
741.7
746.2
749.1

Rental
income
of
persons 4

63.3
90.9
110.3
117.9
129.7
128.3
138.6
149.1
146.6
137.9
141.1
143.5
141.0
139.6
137.3
139.4
141.3
143.2
148.3
153.5
158.7
152.8
142.8

Personal
dividend
income

185.3
203.0
234.7
254.0
297.4
334.9
348.3
328.0
375.7
409.2
411.0
413.1
415.1
417.2
419.6
421.8
423.8
425.5
428.0
430.3
432.7
435.0
437.3

Personal
interest
income

750.1
725.5
742.4
792.5
810.6
864.0
964.4
969.2
1,077.0
1,091.3
1,086.5
1,082.3
1,074.7
1,072.2
1,071.9
1,070.9
1,069.9
1,069.0
1,075.7
1,082.3
1,088.9
1,088.0
1,087.1

Transfer
payments 5

751.7
798.6
833.9
885.9
928.8
962.2
983.7
1,018.5
1,070.3
1,170.4
1,178.7
1,185.7
1,200.3
1,201.9
1,212.9
1,243.5
1,255.0
1,257.6
1,275.0
1,282.9
1,289.9
1,296.1
1,303.7

Less: Personal contributions
for social
insurance

226.6
237.8
254.1
268.8
280.4
297.9
316.3
337.4
358.4
372.3
373.0
372.9
371.9
372.1
374.0
379.2
380.4
381.8
381.8
383.1
385.7
385.0
386.6

5 Consists mainly of social insurance benefits, direct relief, and veterans payments.
NOTE.—Revised data include changes to income-side aggregates affected by the introduction
of revised private wage and salary estimates for 2002:Q1. For details, see Survey of Current
Business, August 2002.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

5

DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME
According to revised estimates, per capita disposable personal income in chained (1996) dollars rose at an annual
rate of 2.4 percent in the second quarter of 2002.

Period

Personal
income

Less:
Personal
tax and
nontax
payments

Equals:
Disposable
personal
income

Less:
Personal
outlays 1

Equals:
Personal
saving

Disposable
personal
income in
billions of
chained
(1996)
dollars

Per capita
disposable personal
income
Current
dollars

Billions of dollars
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

5,390.4
5,610.0
5,888.0
6,200.9
6,547.4
6,937.0
7,426.0
7,786.5
8,406.6
8,685.3

635.8
674.6
722.6
778.3
869.7
968.8
1,070.4
1,159.1
1,286.4
1,292.1

4,754.6
4,935.3
5,165.4
5,422.6
5,677.7
5,968.2
6,355.6
6,627.4
7,120.2
7,393.2

Chained
(1996)
dollars

Per capita personal
consumption
expenditures
Current
dollars

Chained
(1996)
dollars

Dollars

4,340.9
4,584.5
4,849.9
5,120.2
5,405.6
5,715.3
6,054.1
6,453.3
6,918.6
7,223.5

413.7
350.8
315.5
302.4
272.1
252.9
301.5
174.0
201.5
169.7

5,189.3
5,261.3
5,397.2
5,539.1
5,677.7
5,854.5
6,168.6
6,328.4
6,630.3
6,748.0

18,524
18,979
19,624
20,358
21,069
21,881
23,031
23,742
25,205
25,859

Percent
change
in real
per capita
disposable
personal
income

Saving as
percent of
disposable
personal
income

Population,
including
Armed
Forces
overseas
(thousands) 2

Percent

20,217
20,233
20,504
20,795
21,069
21,464
22,354
22,671
23,471
23,602

16,401
17,131
17,918
18,655
19,435
20,272
21,221
22,377
23,660
24,438

17,900
18,262
18,722
19,055
19,435
19,886
20,597
21,367
22,032
22,305

1.8
.1
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.9
4.1
1.4
3.5
.6

8.7
7.1
6.1
5.6
4.8
4.2
4.7
2.6
2.8
2.3

256,677
260,037
263,226
266,364
269,485
272,756
275,955
279,144
282,489
285,908

22,628
22,612
22,625
22,818
23,223
23,432
23,599
23,627
23,558
23,456
23,970
23,424
24,166
24,307

21,865
22,234
22,533
22,872
23,301
23,542
23,809
23,985
24,262
24,385
24,388
24,715
24,906
25,112

21,055
21,291
21,462
21,657
21,877
21,980
22,115
22,156
22,229
22,241
22,248
22,501
22,613
22,646

1.7
¥.3
.2
3.5
7.3
3.6
2.9
.5
¥1.2
¥1.7
9.1
¥8.8
13.3
2.4

3.9
2.7
2.0
1.9
2.6
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.4
1.9
4.0
.8
3.5
4.0

277,910
278,657
279,562
280,446
281,202
281,994
282,923
283,838
284,582
285,418
286,360
287,272
288,051
288,897

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
1999: I .............
II ...........
III ..........
IV ..........
2000: I .............
II ...........
III ..........
IV ..........
2001: I .............
II ...........
III ..........
IV ..........
2002: I r ...........
II r ..........

7,655.9
7,722.2
7,807.7
7,960.2
8,211.6
8,350.2
8,487.8
8,576.6
8,658.1
8,676.2
8,706.2
8,700.9
8,803.4
8,913.7

1,125.5
1,142.0
1,167.2
1,201.8
1,256.3
1,273.0
1,299.6
1,316.7
1,340.6
1,336.1
1,181.9
1,309.7
1,136.8
1,127.2

6,530.3
6,580.2
6,640.5
6,758.4
6,955.3
7,077.2
7,188.2
7,259.8
7,317.5
7,340.0
7,524.2
7,391.2
7,666.7
7,786.6

6,276.4
6,400.3
6,507.2
6,629.4
6,775.9
6,869.8
6,976.7
7,052.1
7,143.9
7,198.5
7,222.0
7,329.6
7,396.3
7,477.9

253.9
179.9
133.3
129.0
179.4
207.5
211.5
207.7
173.7
141.6
302.2
61.5
270.4
308.7

1 Includes personal consumption expenditures, interest paid by persons, and personal transfer
payments to rest of the world (net).
2 Annual data are averages of quarterly data, which are averages for the period.

6

6,288.4
6,301.0
6,325.0
6,399.3
6,530.4
6,607.6
6,676.8
6,706.2
6,704.3
6,694.8
6,864.0
6,729.1
6,961.0
7,022.1

23,498
23,614
23,753
24,099
24,734
25,097
25,407
25,577
25,713
25,717
26,275
25,729
26,616
26,953

Estimates shown here are by Bureau of Economic Analysis. See Survey of Current Business,
December 2001.
See Note, p.5.
Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census).

FARM INCOME
In the second quarter of 2002, according to preliminary estimates, gross farm income fell $13.5 billion (annual
rate) and net farm income fell $15.6 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Income of farm operators from farming
Gross farm income
Period

Cash marketing receipts
Total 1
Total

1992 ................................
1993 ................................
1994 ................................
1995 ................................
1996 ................................
1997 ................................
1998 ................................
1999 ................................
2000 ................................
2001 ................................
2000: I ...........................
II .........................
III ........................
IV ........................
2001: I ..........................
II .........................
III ........................
IV ........................
2002: I ..........................
II p ........................

200.6
205.0
216.0
210.8
235.8
238.1
232.1
234.5
241.7
246.5
231.6
235.4
239.5
260.4
232.3
239.4
244.4
270.0
232.7
219.2

171.4
178.2
181.3
188.0
199.3
207.7
196.0
187.5
193.7
202.8
189.8
196.7
204.8
183.5
195.1
204.8
212.4
199.1
197.9
186.4

Livestock and
products

85.8
90.5
88.3
87.2
92.9
96.5
94.1
95.6
99.6
106.4
98.1
99.2
101.2
99.7
103.7
105.0
107.0
110.0
99.2
91.0

1 Cash marketing receipts, inventory changes and direct Government payments, plus other
farm cash income and nonmoney income produced by farms.
2 Physical changes in end-of-year inventory of crop and livestock commodities valued at
weighted average market prices during the period.
NOTE.—Data include Commodity Credit Corporation loan transactions and imputed rent of
operator residences.

Crops

85.7
87.7
93.0
100.8
106.3
111.2
101.9
91.9
94.1
96.4
91.7
97.5
103.6
83.8
91.3
99.8
105.4
89.1
98.7
95.4

Value of
inventory
changes 2

4.2
¥4.2
8.3
¥5.0
7.9
.6
¥.6
¥.3
.1
¥3.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
¥3.9
¥3.8
¥2.9
¥2.1
¥3.3
¥3.1

Direct
Government
payments

9.2
13.4
7.9
7.3
7.3
7.5
12.4
21.5
22.9
20.7
16.6
13.5
9.7
51.7
15.1
12.3
8.8
46.8
11.8
9.6

Production
expenses

152.8
160.4
167.2
173.8
181.0
187.6
186.5
188.3
193.7
200.8
196.9
202.6
195.1
180.1
199.6
207.5
206.0
190.0
200.0
202.1

Net farm
income

47.8
44.7
48.9
36.9
54.8
50.5
45.6
46.2
48.0
45.7
34.7
32.8
44.3
80.3
32.7
31.9
38.4
80.0
32.7
17.1

Quarterly data plotted for 1992 and 1993 in chart do not reflect revisions to annual data
in table.
Data for 2002 are forecasts.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

7

CORPORATE PROFITS
In the second quarter of 2002, according to revised estimates, corporate profits before tax rose $18.5 billion (annual
rate) and profits after tax rose $7.3 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Profits (before tax) with inventory valuation adjustment 1

Profits after tax

Domestic industries
Period

Profits
before
tax

Nonfinancial

Total 2
Total

Financial

Total 3

Manufacturing

Transportation4

Wholesale

Tax
liability

Total

Dividends

Undistributed
profits

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

Retail

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

448.8
506.4
561.0
650.2
729.4
800.8
739.4
757.9
767.3
675.1

380.1
429.6
483.7
558.2
628.6
690.2
637.2
637.6
624.0
524.4

124.8
127.9
114.7
154.3
165.3
185.7
158.4
181.7
201.0
190.6

255.2
301.7
369.0
403.8
463.3
504.5
478.8
455.9
423.0
333.7

93.9
108.4
139.6
166.1
181.2
195.2
164.3
157.5
159.8
83.4

58.5
69.6
82.9
85.8
91.4
85.0
79.1
57.2
36.6
27.7

25.9
28.2
33.1
29.4
42.6
49.2
55.9
54.4
62.1
44.8

33.7
39.7
46.6
44.1
52.9
63.9
73.8
75.6
73.4
79.1

451.6
510.4
573.4
668.5
726.3
792.4
721.1
762.1
782.3
670.2

143.1
165.4
186.7
211.0
223.6
237.2
238.8
247.8
259.4
199.3

308.4
345.0
386.7
457.5
502.7
555.2
482.3
514.3
522.9
470.9

185.5
203.1
234.9
254.2
297.7
335.2
348.7
328.4
376.1
409.6

122.9
141.9
151.8
203.3
205.0
220.0
133.6
185.9
146.8
61.2

¥2.8
¥4.0
¥12.4
¥18.3
3.1
8.4
18.3
¥4.2
¥15.0
5.0

1999: I .........
II .......
III ......
IV ......
2000: I .........
II .......
III ......
IV ......
2001: I .........
II .......
III ......
IV ......
2002: I .........
II r ......

760.5
750.5
739.6
781.0
774.3
784.2
772.3
738.6
696.9
714.0
663.2
626.3
641.3
652.2

647.1
635.0
624.0
644.5
642.7
642.7
626.9
583.6
560.8
553.6
521.4
461.6
509.3
537.1

175.1
170.2
183.2
198.4
201.7
193.1
204.5
204.9
208.2
191.6
162.7
200.1
218.2
218.5

471.9
464.8
440.9
446.1
441.0
449.7
422.4
378.8
352.6
362.0
358.7
261.5
291.1
318.6

159.1
161.0
155.8
154.0
167.6
176.1
160.7
134.6
92.3
99.2
91.1
50.9
68.9
91.9

63.9
53.3
53.1
58.6
43.6
35.7
34.4
32.8
36.6
34.3
33.3
6.5
15.0
17.1

57.4
53.7
50.0
56.4
57.3
66.7
67.1
57.4
45.2
41.0
45.9
46.9
41.2
44.8

79.4
79.8
71.0
72.3
77.7
74.1
74.0
67.9
75.7
77.8
82.6
80.5
81.4
86.0

744.4
752.9
753.4
797.6
796.9
800.5
780.6
751.1
707.0
720.2
654.3
599.1
639.4
657.9

243.1
246.0
246.3
255.7
270.8
267.3
257.4
241.9
217.3
213.1
196.2
170.6
202.4
213.7

501.3
506.9
507.1
542.0
526.1
533.3
523.2
509.2
489.7
507.1
458.1
428.5
437.0
444.3

332.0
323.7
324.3
333.5
351.1
369.7
386.1
397.6
402.9
406.5
411.4
417.7
424.2
430.8

169.2
183.2
182.8
208.5
174.9
163.6
137.1
111.6
86.8
100.7
46.7
10.8
12.8
13.5

16.0
¥2.5
¥13.8
¥16.6
¥22.6
¥16.4
¥8.3
¥12.5
¥10.1
¥6.2
8.9
27.2
1.9
¥5.7

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

1 See

p. 4 for profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
rest of the world, not shown separately.
industries not shown separately.

2 Includes
3 Includes

8

4 Transportation and public utilities.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL GROSS PRIVATE DOMESTIC INVESTMENT
In the second quarter of 2002, according to revised estimates, nonresidential fixed investment in chained (1996)
dollars fell $7.3 billion (annual rate) and residential investment rose $2.5 billion. There was an increase of $4.9
billion in inventories following a decrease of $28.9 billion in the first quarter.

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Fixed investment
Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

Gross
private
domestic
investment

Change in private
inventories

Nonresidential
Total
Total

Equipment
and software

Residential

Structures

Total

Nonfarm

.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................

899.8
977.9
1,107.0
1,140.6
1,242.7
1,393.3
1,558.0
1,660.5
1,762.9
1,574.6

886.5
958.4
1,045.9
1,109.2
1,212.7
1,328.6
1,480.0
1,595.2
1,691.9
1,627.4

630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.4
1,324.2
1,255.1

197.3
198.9
200.5
210.1
225.0
245.4
262.2
258.6
275.5
270.9

437.5
487.1
544.9
607.6
674.4
764.2
875.4
975.9
1,056.0
988.2

257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
372.4
373.5

17.1
20.0
66.8
30.4
30.0
63.8
76.7
62.8
65.0
¥61.4

10.7
28.6
53.6
42.6
22.1
60.6
75.0
64.1
67.2
¥63.2

1999: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................

1,640.3
1,620.5
1,663.4
1,717.8

1,560.5
1,587.6
1,610.6
1,622.2

1,197.5
1,220.4
1,243.3
1,252.4

262.4
258.9
254.7
258.5

939.1
967.1
996.1
1,001.2

364.1
368.4
369.2
371.7

80.0
31.2
47.6
92.2

71.1
30.1
58.7
96.7

2000: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................
2001: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................
2002: I ............................................................................
II r .........................................................................

1,727.8
1,798.1
1,770.3
1,755.2
1,661.8
1,583.5
1,562.7
1,490.3
1,554.0
1,583.9

1,673.6
1,700.9
1,701.7
1,691.3
1,682.1
1,633.5
1,615.7
1,578.4
1,576.4
1,572.6

1,297.1
1,329.1
1,340.7
1,329.9
1,311.4
1,261.0
1,241.7
1,206.4
1,188.4
1,181.1

267.0
272.3
280.2
282.7
280.4
274.4
276.3
252.7
243.2
231.7

1,038.0
1,065.3
1,067.7
1,053.1
1,036.1
989.9
966.4
960.3
953.7
961.4

379.1
376.2
367.2
367.2
374.5
374.0
374.3
371.0
383.6
386.1

45.3
91.5
63.1
59.9
¥26.9
¥58.3
¥61.8
¥98.4
¥28.9
4.9

58.9
88.6
64.6
56.8
¥32.6
¥54.9
¥63.6
¥101.5
¥35.1
4.2

NOTE.—See p. 10 for further detail on fixed investment by type.
Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar estimates
for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any inter-

mediate aggregates.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

9

REAL PRIVATE FIXED INVESTMENT BY TYPE
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Nonresidential

Residential

Structures

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
1999:

...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
2000: I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
2001: I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
2002: I ..........................
II r ........................

Total
nonresidential

630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.4
1,324.2
1,255.1
1,197.5
1,220.4
1,243.3
1,252.4
1,297.1
1,329.1
1,340.7
1,329.9
1,311.4
1,261.0
1,241.7
1,206.4
1,188.4
1,181.1

Total 1

197.3
198.9
200.5
210.1
225.0
245.4
262.2
258.6
275.5
270.9
262.4
258.9
254.7
258.5
267.0
272.3
280.2
282.7
280.4
274.4
276.3
252.7
243.2
231.7

Structures

Equipment and software
Information processing equipment
and software

Nonresidential
buildings,
including
farm

Utilities

129.2
131.7
137.2
147.6
161.7
177.0
188.3
185.5
192.3
178.7
192.1
186.0
182.3
181.7
188.4
192.4
194.5
193.9
193.8
183.2
174.2
163.5
157.1
148.2

41.8
38.4
36.1
36.8
36.0
35.3
42.7
45.7
50.4
50.3
44.1
44.3
46.2
48.3
48.3
49.3
51.1
52.9
50.6
51.5
49.7
49.3
50.8
48.4

Mining
exploration,
shafts,
and
wells

Total 2

17.2
20.5
19.8
18.2
21.1
26.2
25.1
21.6
27.0
34.0
20.4
21.9
20.8
23.1
24.5
25.0
28.6
30.1
30.9
34.6
35.9
34.8
30.2
30.3

437.5
487.1
544.9
607.6
674.4
764.2
875.4
975.9
1,056.0
988.2
939.1
967.1
996.1
1,001.2
1,038.0
1,065.3
1,067.7
1,053.1
1,036.1
989.9
966.4
960.3
953.7
961.4

Total

1 Includes

other structures, not shown separately.
other items, not shown separately.
equipment, not shown separately.
4 Includes multifamily and other structures, not shown separately.

Computers
and
peripheral
equipment

163.0
183.4
206.6
242.8
287.3
349.8
429.3
508.1
583.3
548.5
477.3
506.8
522.2
526.1
561.3
585.5
591.9
594.3
578.9
549.8
533.4
531.8
540.4
557.0

20.8
26.4
32.6
49.2
70.9
102.9
147.7
207.4
246.4
239.9
186.1
209.2
218.8
215.3
226.7
249.2
255.9
253.9
253.0
239.0
224.5
243.3
262.1
271.6

Software

Other

Industrial
equipment

58.7
66.8
74.3
82.0
95.1
119.0
147.1
169.3
184.4
182.0
160.2
167.8
172.5
176.8
181.8
184.3
185.8
185.6
185.5
181.7
180.5
180.6
179.0
184.3

91.5
96.4
104.9
113.1
121.3
129.8
143.5
157.5
187.4
163.9
151.1
157.1
160.7
161.2
180.2
188.2
189.1
192.2
180.2
165.7
158.6
151.2
154.1
158.5

100.8
109.6
119.6
131.3
136.4
140.0
145.6
147.5
160.8
153.8
142.5
146.9
150.1
150.5
156.0
159.3
164.5
163.4
164.8
156.4
149.2
144.7
148.3
145.6

Transportation
equipment

Total
residential 3

92.3
103.4
120.4
128.2
138.9
150.5
168.2
193.2
186.6
163.6
188.1
188.6
199.1
196.8
193.9
192.5
186.9
173.0
167.6
161.6
160.0
165.4
151.5
143.4

257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
372.4
373.5
364.1
368.4
369.2
371.7
379.1
376.2
367.2
367.2
374.5
374.0
374.3
371.0
383.6
386.1

Total 4

Single
family

251.0
269.4
295.8
284.4
305.6
311.8
336.8
359.4
363.0
364.0
355.4
359.5
360.1
362.5
369.7
366.8
357.8
357.8
365.1
364.6
365.0
361.5
373.9
376.4

135.7
148.0
163.2
147.7
159.1
158.6
175.9
189.0
191.0
192.6
188.4
187.3
187.4
192.8
198.0
193.8
186.5
185.8
192.0
193.1
194.1
191.3
197.2
198.4

NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

2 Includes
3 Includes

BUSINESS INVESTMENT
[Billions of dollars]
Capital expenditures
By industry

Period

Total
capital
expenditures

Total
by
industry

Forestry,
fishing
Con- Manuand
Min- Utili- strucfacagriing
ties
turtion
culing
tural
services

ProFor
Real fesscomTransesional, Health
panies
portaFiWhole- Retail
tion
Infor- nance tate scien- care Other withand
tific,
and
out
sale
and
maand
1
and
emtrade trade waretion insur- rental tech- social
and
ployhousance leas- nical assistance
ees
ing
ing
services

For companies with employees
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

..............................
.............................
..............................
.............................
..............................

807.1 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... .......... ..........
871.8 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... .......... ..........
970.9
896.5
0.9 40.4 36.0 26.9 203.6
29.2 57.3
51.3 96.5 118.2 85.2
22.3
47.1 81.7 74.4
1,047.0
974.6
1.7 30.6 42.8 23.1 196.4
32.4 64.1
57.3 122.8 130.1 100.6
29.5
51.3 91.8 72.3
1,171.6 1,100.5
1.5 42.5 61.3 24.0 214.7
35.0 69.6
60.0 164.2 133.7 98.3
33.5
53.2 109.0 71.2

1 Includes the following industries: Management of companies and enterprises; administrative
and support and waste management; educational services; arts, entertainment, and recreation;
accommodation and food services; and other services (except public administration). Also includes an item for structure and equipment expenditures serving multiple industry categories.

10

NOTE.—Data from Annual Capital Expenditures. Industry data are based on the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS): 1997.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE
In September, employment rose by 711,000, and unemployment fell by 50,000.

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]
Civilian employment

Period

1992 ..................................
1993 ..................................
1994 3 ................................
1995 ..................................
1996 ..................................
1997 4 ................................
1998 4 ................................
1999 4 ................................
2000 4 ................................
2001 ..................................
2001: Sept .......................
Oct ........................
Nov ........................
Dec .........................
2002: Jan .........................
Feb .........................
Mar ........................
Apr .........................
May ........................
June .......................
July ........................
Aug ........................
Sept ........................

Civilian
noninstitutional
population
NSA

192,805
194,838
196,814
198,584
200,591
203,133
205,220
207,753
209,699
211,864
212,357
212,581
212,767
212,927
213,089
213,206
213,334
213,492
213,658
213,842
214,023
214,225
214,429

Civilian
labor
force

128,105
129,200
131,056
132,304
133,943
136,297
137,673
139,368
140,863
141,815
142,068
142,280
142,279
142,314
141,390
142,211
142,005
142,570
142,769
142,476
142,390
142,616
143,277

Nonagricultural
Total

118,492
120,259
123,060
124,900
126,708
129,558
131,463
133,488
135,208
135,073
135,004
134,615
134,253
134,055
133,468
134,319
133,894
133,976
134,417
134,053
134,045
134,474
135,185

Agricultural

3,247
3,115
3,409
3,440
3,443
3,399
3,378
3,281
3,305
3,144
3,181
3,203
3,154
3,246
3,273
3,246
3,126
3,154
3,097
3,110
3,282
3,188
3,298

Part time
for
economic
reasons 1

Total

115,245
117,144
119,651
121,460
123,264
126,159
128,085
130,207
131,903
131,929
131,823
131,412
131,099
130,809
130,195
131,073
130,768
130,823
131,320
130,942
130,763
131,286
131,887

1 Persons at work. Economic reasons include slack work, material shortages, inability to find
fulltime work, etc.
2 Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian noninstitutional population; and
unemployment as percent of civilian labor force.
3 Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods because of a major redesign of the household survey questionnaire.

4 Not

Percent 2

Unemployment

6,240
6,230
4,414
4,279
4,123
3,879
3,501
3,189
3,045
3,529
4,015
4,222
4,017
4,119
3,781
3,998
3,848
4,009
3,818
3,758
3,949
4,060
4,068

Total

9,613
8,940
7,996
7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,655
6,742
7,064
7,665
8,026
8,259
7,922
7,891
8,111
8,594
8,351
8,424
8,345
8,142
8,092

15
weeks
and
over
3,408
3,094
2,860
2,363
2,316
2,062
1,637
1,480
1,309
1,746
1,907
2,042
2,317
2,410
2,546
2,561
2,688
2,854
2,952
3,103
2,883
2,783
2,900

Not in
labor
force

64,700
65,638
65,758
66,280
66,647
66,837
67,547
68,385
68,836
70,050
70,289
70,301
70,488
70,613
71,699
70,995
71,329
70,922
70,889
71,366
71,633
71,609
71,152

Labor
force
participation
rate

Employment/
population
ratio

Unemployment
rate

66.4
66.3
66.6
66.6
66.8
67.1
67.1
67.1
67.2
66.9
66.9
66.9
66.9
66.8
66.4
66.7
66.6
66.8
66.8
66.6
66.5
66.6
66.8

61.5
61.7
62.5
62.9
63.2
63.8
64.1
64.3
64.5
63.8
63.6
63.3
63.1
63.0
62.6
63.0
62.8
62.8
62.9
62.7
62.6
62.8
63.0

7.5
6.9
6.1
5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
4.8
5.0
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.7
6.0
5.8
5.9
5.9
5.7
5.6

strictly comparable with earlier data.

NOTE.—See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

11

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
In September, the unemployment rate fell to 5.6 percent from 5.7 percent in August.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in group)
By sex and age
Period

1992 .........................
1993 .........................
1994 2 .......................
1995 .........................
1996 .........................
1997 .........................
1998 .........................
1999 .........................
2000 .........................
2001 .........................
2001: Sept ..............
Oct ...............
Nov ..............
Dec ...............
2002: Jan ...............
Feb ...............
Mar ...............
Apr ...............
May ...............
June ..............
July ...............
Aug ...............
Sept ..............
1 Revised
2 Data

12

All
civilian
workers

7.5
6.9
6.1
5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
4.8
5.0
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.7
6.0
5.8
5.9
5.9
5.7
5.6

Men
20 years
and over

Women
20 years
and over

7.1
6.4
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.2
3.7
3.5
3.3
4.2
4.3
4.8
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.2
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.2

6.3
5.9
5.4
4.9
4.8
4.4
4.1
3.8
3.6
4.1
4.4
4.8
4.9
5.2
4.8
5.0
5.0
5.4
5.2
5.1
5.2
4.9
4.9

By race
Both
sexes
16–19
years

White

20.1
19.0
17.6
17.3
16.7
16.0
14.6
13.9
13.1
14.7
14.9
15.4
15.7
16.2
16.1
15.6
16.4
16.8
16.9
17.6
17.7
17.2
15.7

definition; for details, see Employment and Earnings, February 1994.
beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.

6.6
6.1
5.3
4.9
4.7
4.2
3.9
3.7
3.5
4.2
4.3
4.7
5.0
5.1
5.0
4.9
5.0
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.3
5.1
5.1

Black
and
other

12.7
11.7
10.5
9.6
9.3
8.8
7.8
7.0
6.7
7.7
8.0
8.6
8.8
9.1
8.7
8.8
9.5
10.0
9.1
9.5
8.9
8.8
8.5

By selected groups

Black

14.2
13.0
11.5
10.4
10.5
10.0
8.9
8.0
7.6
8.7
8.8
9.6
9.9
10.2
9.8
9.6
10.7
11.2
10.2
10.7
9.9
9.6
9.6

Experienced
wage
and
salary
workers

7.2
6.6
5.9
5.4
5.2
4.7
4.3
4.0
3.9
4.6
4.8
5.3
5.5
5.7
5.5
5.5
5.7
5.9
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.5
5.5

Married
men,
spouse
present

5.1
4.4
3.7
3.3
3.0
2.7
2.4
2.2
2.0
2.7
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.9
3.6
4.1
3.5
3.4
3.6

Women
who
maintain
families

Full-time
workers 1

Part-time
workers 1

10.0
9.7
8.9
8.0
8.2
8.1
7.2
6.4
5.9
6.6
7.1
6.8
8.0
8.0
7.9
8.0
7.3
8.6
8.1
8.2
8.4
7.3
7.2

7.5
6.9
6.1
5.5
5.3
4.8
4.3
4.1
3.9
4.7
5.0
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.8
6.2
5.9
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.7

7.5
7.2
6.0
6.0
5.8
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.8
5.1
4.6
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.2
4.8
5.2
5.2
5.6
5.0
5.4
5.6
5.3

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
PROGRAMS
In September, the percentage of the unemployed who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks fell; the
percentages for 5–14 weeks and for 27 weeks and over rose; and the percentage for 15–26 weeks was unchanged.
The mean duration of unemployment rose to 17.8 weeks and the median duration rose to 9.5 weeks.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
Duration of unemployment

Period

Unemployment
(thousands)

Percent distribution
Less
than
5
weeks

5–14
weeks

15–26
weeks

Reason for unemployment:
percent distribution

State
programs

Number of weeks
27
weeks
and
over

Average
(mean)

Median

Job
losers 1

Job
leavers

Reentrants

New
entrants

Insured
unemployment

Initial
claims

Insured
unemployment,
all
regular
programs
(unadjusted) 2

Weekly average, thousands
1992 ........................................
1993 ........................................
1994 3 ......................................
1995 ........................................
1996 ........................................
1997 ........................................
1998 ........................................
1999 ........................................
2000 ........................................
2001 ........................................
2001: Sept .............................
Oct ..............................
Nov ..............................
Dec ...............................
2002: Jan ...............................
Feb ..............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May ..............................
June .............................
July .............................
Aug ..............................
Sept .............................
1 Beginning

9,613
8,940
7,996
7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,655
6,742
7,064
7,665
8,026
8,259
7,922
7,891
8,111
8,594
8,351
8,424
8,345
8,142
8,092

35.1
36.5
34.1
36.5
36.4
37.7
42.2
43.7
45.0
42.0
39.6
40.3
38.7
37.1
36.7
35.8
37.6
33.0
34.4
31.7
35.1
35.6
33.4

29.4
28.9
30.1
31.6
31.6
31.7
31.4
31.2
31.9
32.1
33.4
33.0
32.2
33.4
31.9
31.8
29.5
33.3
30.3
32.3
29.9
30.0
30.9

15.1
14.5
15.5
14.6
14.6
14.8
12.3
12.8
11.8
14.1
15.3
14.9
15.1
15.9
17.5
17.5
16.6
16.1
15.7
16.6
16.4
16.2
16.2

20.3
20.1
20.3
17.3
17.4
15.8
14.1
12.3
11.4
11.8
11.6
11.8
13.9
13.7
13.9
14.9
16.3
17.6
19.6
19.4
18.6
18.2
19.5

January 1994, job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.
2 Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFE). Railroad (RR) programs included through 1993. Also includes Federal and State extended benefit programs. Does not include Federal supplemental
compensation or Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.
3 Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.

17.7
18.0
18.8
16.6
16.7
15.8
14.5
13.4
12.6
13.2
13.3
13.0
14.4
14.5
14.6
15.0
15.4
16.6
17.1
17.3
16.4
16.2
17.8

8.7
8.3
9.2
8.3
8.3
8.0
6.7
6.4
5.9
6.8
7.3
7.4
7.6
8.2
8.8
8.1
8.1
8.9
9.8
11.7
8.6
8.4
9.5

56.1
54.2
47.7
46.9
46.6
45.1
45.5
44.6
44.1
50.8
51.5
55.4
56.0
54.4
55.1
54.4
52.3
53.2
54.5
54.8
54.9
55.1
56.0

10.4
10.9
9.9
11.1
10.7
11.8
11.8
13.3
13.7
12.3
11.7
11.3
10.5
11.0
11.1
11.0
10.6
12.0
10.7
10.0
9.8
10.0
9.6

23.8
24.6
34.8
34.1
34.7
34.7
34.3
34.1
34.6
30.1
30.1
27.2
27.3
28.6
27.7
28.5
30.3
28.8
28.9
28.2
28.5
27.4
27.9

9.7
10.3
7.6
7.8
8.0
8.4
8.4
8.0
7.6
6.7
6.7
6.0
6.2
6.0
6.1
6.1
6.8
6.1
5.9
7.0
6.8
7.5
6.5

3,245
2,751
2,670
2,572
2,595
2,323
2,222
2,188
2,110
2,972
3,318
3,562
3,603
3,540
3,475
3,522
3,619
3,757
3,797
3,672
3,513
3,532
..............

408
341
340
357
356
323
321
298
301
404
453
465
439
410
401
391
422
435
412
393
386
r399
p423

3,348
2,845
2,739
2,633
2,650
2,366
2,257
2,219
2,141
3,005
2,853
3,026
3,138
3,940
4,313
4,300
4,138
3,947
3,250
3,539
3,526
3,124
.................

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured unemployment and
initial claims).
Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment and Training Administration).

13

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey fell by 43,000 in September.

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; 1 monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Goods-producing industries
Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2001:

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
Sept .......
Oct .........
Nov ........
Dec ........
2002: Jan ........
Feb ........
Mar ........
Apr ........
May .......
June ......
July r ......
Aug r .......
Sept p ......

Total
nonagricultural
employment

108,601
110,713
114,163
117,191
119,608
122,690
125,865
128,916
131,720
131,922
131,819
131,414
131,087
130,890
130,871
130,706
130,701
130,680
130,702
130,736
130,790
130,897
130,854

Service-producing industries

Manufacturing
Total 2

23,231
23,352
23,908
24,265
24,493
24,962
25,414
25,507
25,669
24,944
24,675
24,511
24,353
24,261
24,130
24,041
23,975
23,905
23,870
23,861
23,812
23,787
23,749

Construction

4,492
4,668
4,986
5,160
5,418
5,691
6,020
6,415
6,653
6,685
6,674
6,643
6,629
6,634
6,615
6,597
6,593
6,541
6,541
6,549
6,519
6,553
6,552

Total

18,104
18,075
18,321
18,524
18,495
18,675
18,805
18,552
18,473
17,695
17,430
17,302
17,158
17,062
16,947
16,880
16,822
16,800
16,771
16,757
16,742
16,679
16,644

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

10,277
10,221
10,448
10,683
10,789
11,010
11,205
11,111
11,141
10,636
10,445
10,343
10,237
10,166
10,070
10,023
9,976
9,976
9,963
9,944
9,922
9,876
9,834

7,827
7,854
7,873
7,841
7,706
7,665
7,600
7,441
7,332
7,059
6,985
6,959
6,921
6,896
6,877
6,857
6,846
6,824
6,808
6,813
6,820
6,803
6,810

1 Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in nonagricultural establishments
who received pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Excludes
proprietors, self-employed persons, domestic servants, and personnel of the Armed Forces. Total
in this table not comparable with estimates of nonagricultural employment of the civilian labor
force, shown on p. 11, which include proprietors, self-employed persons, and domestic servants;
which count persons as employed when they are not at work because of industrial disputes,
bad weather, etc., even if they are not paid for the time off; and which are based on a sample

14

Total

85,370
87,361
90,256
92,925
95,115
97,727
100,451
103,409
106,051
106,978
107,144
106,903
106,734
106,629
106,741
106,665
106,726
106,775
106,832
106,875
106,978
107,110
107,105

Transportation and
public
utilities

5,718
5,811
5,984
6,132
6,253
6,408
6,611
6,834
7,031
7,065
7,044
6,974
6,907
6,856
6,850
6,837
6,814
6,799
6,793
6,790
6,780
6,763
6,731

Wholesale
trade

5,997
5,981
6,162
6,378
6,482
6,648
6,800
6,911
6,947
6,776
6,747
6,728
6,693
6,702
6,702
6,689
6,681
6,678
6,681
6,681
6,679
6,672
6,667

Retail
trade

19,356
19,773
20,507
21,187
21,597
21,966
22,295
22,848
23,337
23,522
23,509
23,470
23,449
23,318
23,396
23,331
23,332
23,345
23,327
23,308
23,339
23,295
23,279

Finance,
insurance,
Services
and real
estate

6,602
6,757
6,896
6,806
6,911
7,109
7,389
7,555
7,578
7,712
7,739
7,743
7,751
7,748
7,748
7,745
7,740
7,743
7,732
7,733
7,737
7,747
7,763

29,052
30,197
31,579
33,117
34,454
36,040
37,533
39,055
40,457
40,970
41,062
40,923
40,834
40,883
40,908
40,901
40,963
41,025
41,093
41,152
41,215
41,352
41,380

Government
Total

18,645
18,841
19,128
19,305
19,419
19,557
19,823
20,206
20,702
20,933
21,043
21,065
21,100
21,122
21,137
21,162
21,196
21,185
21,206
21,211
21,228
21,281
21,285

Federal

2,969
2,915
2,870
2,822
2,757
2,699
2,686
2,669
2,777
2,616
2,622
2,622
2,616
2,615
2,609
2,608
2,611
2,610
2,600
2,601
2,607
2,616
2,627

of the working-age population, whereas the estimates in this table are based on reports from
employing establishments. In the series shown here, persons who work at more than one job
are counted each time they appear on a payroll, in contrast to the series shown on p. 11, where
persons are counted only once—as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.
2 Includes mining, not shown separately.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS
PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Average weekly hours

Average gross hourly earnings

Manufacturing
Period

1992 ......................
1993 ......................
1994 ......................
1995 ......................
1996 .....................
1997 .....................
1998 ......................
1999 ......................
2000 .....................
2001 .....................
2001: Aug ...........
Sept ..........
Oct ............
Nov ...........
Dec ...........
2002: Jan ...........
Feb ...........
Mar ...........
Apr ...........
May ...........
June ..........
July ...........
Aug r ..........
Sept p .........

Total
private
nonagricultural 1

34.4
34.5
34.7
34.5
34.4
34.6
34.6
34.5
34.5
34.2
34.1
34.1
34.0
34.1
34.1
34.1
34.2
34.2
34.2
34.2
34.3
34.0
34.1
34.3

Total

41.0
41.4
42.0
41.6
41.6
42.0
41.7
41.7
41.6
40.7
40.7
40.6
40.5
40.4
40.6
40.6
40.7
41.0
40.9
40.9
41.1
40.7
40.9
40.9

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private
nonagricultural 1

Overtime

3.8
4.1
4.7
4.4
4.5
4.8
4.6
4.6
4.6
3.9
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.9
3.9
4.1
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.0
4.2
4.1

Current
dollars

$10.57
10.83
11.12
11.43
11.82
12.28
12.78
13.24
13.76
14.32
14.38
14.43
14.46
14.52
14.56
14.59
14.62
14.65
14.68
14.70
14.75
14.78
14.82
14.87

1982
dollars 2

$7.41
7.39
7.40
7.39
7.43
7.55
7.75
7.86
7.89
8.00
8.02
8.01
8.06
8.10
8.14
8.14
8.14
8.13
8.10
8.12
8.14
8.14
8.14
..............

Total private
nonagricultural 1
Manufacturing

Current
dollars

$11.46
11.74
12.07
12.37
12.77
13.17
13.49
13.90
14.37
14.83
14.91
14.95
14.99
15.03
15.08
15.13
15.17
15.19
15.19
15.27
15.31
15.28
15.33
15.36

1 Also

includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.
2 Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for urban wage earners and
clerical workers (CPI–W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Percent change from
a year earlier, total
private nonagricultural

Current dollars

1982
dollars 2

Manufacturing

Construction

Retail
trade

$363.61
373.64
385.86
394.34
406.61
424.89
442.19
456.78
474.72
489.74
490.36
492.06
491.64
495.13
496.50
497.52
500.00
501.03
502.06
502.74
505.93
502.52
505.36
510.04

$254.99
254.87
256.73
255.07
255.73
261.31
268.32
271.25
272.36
273.45
273.49
273.06
273.89
276.15
277.68
277.63
278.40
278.04
277.08
277.60
279.06
276.72
277.52
..............

$469.86
486.04
506.94
514.59
531.23
553.14
562.53
579.63
597.79
603.58
606.84
606.97
607.10
607.21
612.25
614.28
617.42
622.79
621.27
624.54
629.24
621.90
627.00
628.22

$537.70
553.63
573.00
587.00
603.33
625.56
646.13
672.13
702.68
720.76
721.94
720.89
717.60
725.87
727.26
736.68
735.99
732.73
734.37
726.40
733.59
r 720.83
729.15
738.66

$205.06
209.95
216.46
221.47
230.11
240.74
253.46
263.61
273.39
282.35
281.95
282.53
283.39
285.12
285.82
286.11
287.68
289.55
289.13
290.71
292.75
289.44
291.60
293.91

Current
dollars

2.7
2.8
3.3
2.2
3.1
4.5
4.1
3.3
3.9
3.2
3.2
3.2
2.6
3.0
3.5
2.9
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.5
2.5
3.1
3.7

1982
dollars

¥0.2
¥.0
.7
¥.6
.3
2.2
2.7
1.1
.4
.4
.5
.7
.6
1.4
2.3
2.1
2.7
2.2
2.0
2.4
2.7
1.2
1.5
..............

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX—PRIVATE INDUSTRY
Index (June 1989 = 100)

Percent change from
3 months earlier

Period

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

12 months earlier
Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Not seasonally adjusted
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
.................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................

115.6
119.8
123.5
126.7
130.6
135.1
139.8
144.6
150.9
157.2

112.9
116.4
119.7
123.1
127.3
132.3
137.4
142.2
147.7
153.3

1999: Mar .................................................................
June ................................................................
Sept .................................................................
Dec ..................................................................
2000: Mar .................................................................
June ................................................................
Sept .................................................................
Dec ..................................................................
2001: Mar .................................................................
June ................................................................
Sept .................................................................
Dec ..................................................................
2002: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................

140.2
141.8
143.1
144.6
146.6
148.3
149.8
151.1
152.8
154.3
155.7
157.3
158.7
160.4

138.1
139.7
140.9
142.3
143.9
145.4
146.7
147.9
149.4
150.9
152.0
153.4
154.8
156.3

122.2
128.3
133.0
135.9
138.6
141.8
145.2
150.2
158.6
166.7

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

0.4
1.2
.9
1.0
1.1
1.0
.9
.8
1.0
1.0
.7
.9
.9
1.0

0.0
1.0
1.0
1.3
1.9
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.4

Seasonally adjusted

1 Employer costs for employee benefits.
NOTE.—The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the cost of labor, free
from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.

145.2
146.7
148.2
150.2
153.1
155.1
157.0
158.8
160.8
162.5
164.7
166.8
168.6
170.9

0.3
1.1
.9
1.0
1.4
1.2
1.0
.9
1.1
1.0
.9
1.0
.9
1.1

3.5
3.6
3.1
2.6
3.1
3.4
3.5
3.4
4.4
4.2

2.6
3.1
2.8
2.8
3.4
3.9
3.9
3.5
3.9
3.8

5.2
5.0
3.7
2.2
2.0
2.3
2.4
3.4
5.6
5.1

Not seasonally adjusted
3.0
3.3
3.1
3.4
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.4
4.2
4.0
4.0
4.2
3.9
4.0

3.3
3.6
3.2
3.5
4.2
4.1
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.6

2.2
2.5
2.8
3.4
5.5
5.7
6.0
5.6
5.0
4.8
4.9
5.1
4.8
5.1

Data exclude farm and household workers.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

15

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR
Output per hour of
all persons
Period
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Output 1
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Hours of all
persons 2
Business
sector

Compensation per
hour 3

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Real compensation
per hour 4
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Unit labor
costs

Implicit price
deflator 5

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

100.0
101.9
102.6
104.1
104.5
105.3
108.2
110.3
114.4
116.5
106.9
108.3
108.9
108.8
110.2
110.5
110.4
110.2
114.0
113.0
115.1
115.6
116.9
117.1
116.8
115.1
113.9
114.5

100.0
101.7
102.5
103.7
104.2
105.2
108.0
110.1
114.4
116.3
106.7
108.0
108.7
108.6
109.9
110.3
110.3
110.1
114.0
113.0
115.2
115.6
116.8
116.9
116.6
115.0
113.6
114.2

100.0
102.2
104.0
106.0
107.7
109.7
110.6
111.6
113.5
115.8
110.3
110.4
110.7
110.8
111.2
111.5
111.8
112.1
112.8
113.4
113.7
114.3
115.2
115.8
116.4
115.9
116.0
116.1

100.0
102.2
104.1
106.1
107.6
109.8
110.8
112.1
114.1
116.3
110.5
110.6
111.0
111.1
111.5
111.9
112.3
112.6
113.4
113.9
114.3
114.8
115.7
116.3
116.8
116.5
116.4
116.8

1.6
1.7
.8
1.2
.5
.9
2.7
2.0
3.9
1.6
2.0
5.1
2.7
¥.4
4.8
1.3
.0
¥.5
14.9
¥3.6
8.0
1.4
4.3
.3
¥1.1
¥5.4
¥4.6
2.1

2.0
2.2
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.8
.8
1.0
1.7
2.0
.5
.5
.9
.5
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.1
2.4
2.2
1.1
1.9
3.4
2.2
1.8
¥1.6
.3
.5

2.1
2.2
1.9
2.0
1.4
2.1
.9
1.2
1.8
1.9
.6
.4
1.2
.5
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.3
2.7
1.9
1.4
1.6
3.3
2.0
1.7
¥1.0
¥.2
1.3

Indexes, 1992=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
1998:

1999:

2000:

2001:

2002:

........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II * ...............

100.0
100.5
101.9
102.6
105.4
107.8
110.6
113.5
116.9
118.2
110.0
110.0
110.6
111.8
112.7
112.5
113.6
115.2
115.3
117.2
117.3
117.9
117.5
117.4
117.9
120.1
122.5
123.0

100.0
100.5
101.8
102.8
105.4
107.5
110.3
112.9
116.2
117.5
109.6
109.8
110.3
111.4
112.1
111.9
112.9
114.7
114.7
116.4
116.6
117.1
116.7
116.6
117.2
119.3
121.8
122.3

100.0
103.1
108.1
111.5
116.4
122.5
128.5
134.5
140.0
139.8
126.7
127.3
128.7
131.3
132.4
133.0
134.9
137.7
138.4
140.3
140.4
140.7
140.4
139.4
139.1
140.3
142.3
142.5

100.0
103.3
108.2
111.8
116.7
122.7
128.8
134.8
140.2
140.1
127.0
127.7
129.0
131.6
132.7
133.3
135.3
138.0
138.7
140.5
140.6
141.0
140.7
139.7
139.4
140.4
142.5
142.8

100.0
102.6
106.2
108.7
110.4
113.6
116.2
118.5
119.7
118.2
115.2
115.7
116.3
117.4
117.4
118.2
118.8
119.5
120.1
119.7
119.7
119.4
119.5
118.7
117.9
116.8
116.1
115.8

100.0
102.9
106.2
108.8
110.7
114.1
116.8
119.4
120.6
119.2
115.9
116.3
117.0
118.1
118.4
119.1
119.8
120.4
120.9
120.7
120.6
120.4
120.6
119.8
118.9
117.7
117.0
116.8

100.0
102.5
104.5
106.7
110.1
113.5
119.7
125.2
133.8
137.7
117.6
119.1
120.5
121.7
124.1
124.3
125.4
127.0
131.4
132.4
135.0
136.3
137.3
137.5
137.8
138.3
139.6
140.9

100.0
102.2
104.3
106.6
109.8
113.1
119.1
124.3
133.0
136.6
116.9
118.6
119.9
121.1
123.2
123.4
124.5
126.3
130.8
131.5
134.3
135.3
136.3
136.3
136.7
137.2
138.4
139.7

100.0
100.0
99.9
99.6
100.1
101.0
105.0
107.6
111.2
111.4
103.6
104.7
105.5
106.1
107.7
107.1
107.3
107.8
110.5
110.5
111.7
111.9
111.8
111.0
111.1
111.6
112.2
112.4

100.0
99.7
99.7
99.4
99.8
100.6
104.5
106.8
110.6
110.5
103.0
104.2
105.0
105.5
106.9
106.3
106.6
107.2
110.0
109.8
111.1
111.2
110.9
110.1
110.2
110.7
111.3
111.3

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
1998:

1999:

2000:

2001:

2002:

........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II ..................
III ................
IV .................
I ...................
II * ...............

1 Output

3.9
.5
1.3
.7
2.8
2.3
2.6
2.6
3.0
1.1
5.1
.1
2.3
4.4
3.1
¥.6
3.8
5.8
.3
6.7
.4
2.1
¥1.5
¥.2
1.8
7.6
8.3
1.7

3.7
.5
1.3
.9
2.5
2.0
2.6
2.4
2.9
1.1
4.9
.6
1.9
4.3
2.4
¥.8
3.7
6.3
.2
6.0
.6
1.7
¥1.5
¥.1
2.1
7.3
8.6
1.5

3.7
3.1
4.9
3.1
4.4
5.2
4.9
4.7
4.1
¥.2
7.5
1.9
4.4
8.2
3.4
2.1
5.9
8.4
2.2
5.4
.4
.9
¥1.0
¥2.8
¥.9
3.5
5.9
.5

3.5
3.3
4.7
3.4
4.3
5.1
5.0
4.6
4.0
¥.1
7.8
2.1
4.3
8.3
3.3
1.9
6.0
8.3
1.9
5.4
.2
1.1
¥.9
¥2.7
¥.8
2.9
6.2
.8

¥0.2
2.6
3.5
2.4
1.6
2.9
2.2
2.0
1.0
¥1.3
2.2
1.9
2.0
3.7
.2
2.7
2.0
2.4
1.9
¥1.2
.0
¥1.2
.4
¥2.6
¥2.6
¥3.9
¥2.2
¥1.2

¥0.2
2.9
3.3
2.4
1.7
3.1
2.4
2.2
1.0
¥1.2
2.8
1.4
2.4
3.8
.9
2.6
2.2
1.9
1.7
¥.6
¥.4
¥.6
.5
¥2.6
¥2.9
¥4.1
¥2.2
¥.7

refers to real gross domestic product originating in the sector.
of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of proprietors and unpaid family
workers. Estimates based primarily on establishment data.
3 Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for
the self-employed.
4 Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI–
U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978–2001 is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI–U–RS).
2 Hours

16

5.3
2.5
2.0
2.1
3.2
3.1
5.5
4.6
6.8
2.9
7.3
5.4
4.7
4.0
8.2
.5
3.7
5.1
14.7
3.0
8.3
3.7
3.1
.5
.9
1.4
3.8
4.0

5.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
3.1
3.0
5.4
4.4
7.0
2.7
7.0
5.8
4.6
3.8
7.3
.6
3.7
5.8
15.2
2.2
8.7
3.1
2.8
.1
1.0
1.5
3.6
3.7

2.7
.0
¥.1
¥.3
.5
.9
4.0
2.4
3.4
.2
6.5
4.2
3.1
2.2
6.5
¥2.3
.8
1.7
10.3
.0
4.6
.7
¥.6
¥2.6
.2
1.7
2.3
.5

2.7
¥.3
.0
¥.3
.4
.8
3.9
2.2
3.5
¥.1
6.2
4.6
3.0
2.0
5.5
¥2.2
.8
2.5
10.7
¥.7
4.9
.2
¥.9
¥2.9
.3
1.8
2.2
.2

1.4
1.9
.7
1.4
.4
.8
2.8
1.9
3.7
1.8
2.1
5.3
2.3
¥.4
5.0
1.1
¥.1
¥.7
14.4
¥3.5
7.8
1.6
4.7
.7
¥.9
¥5.8
¥4.2
2.3

5 Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.
NOTE.—Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.
Percent changes are from preceding period and are based on original data; they therefore
may differ slightly from percent changes based on indexes shown here.
* Data based on GDP data released August 29, 2002.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Industrial production and capacity utilization fell in August.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Total industrial production
Percent
Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

Index,
1992=100

From
preceding
month

Industry production indexes, 1992=100

change 1
From
year
earlier

Capacity utilization
rate, percent 2

Manufacturing

Total

Durable

Nondurable

Mining

Utilities

Total
industry

Manufacturing

.........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................

100.0
103.4
109.1
114.4
119.6
127.9
134.5
139.4
145.7
140.1

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

3.1
3.4
5.5
4.8
4.6
6.9
5.1
3.7
4.5
¥3.9

100.0
103.7
110.0
115.8
121.5
131.1
138.8
144.7
151.6
144.8

100.0
105.6
114.8
124.4
135.0
149.6
164.1
176.3
190.0
179.3

100.0
101.5
104.8
106.5
107.4
112.0
113.4
113.7
114.8
111.4

100.0
100.0
102.3
102.0
103.5
105.3
102.9
98.2
100.7
101.3

100.0
104.0
105.4
109.1
112.7
112.7
114.3
117.3
120.7
119.8

80.2
81.2
83.2
83.3
82.7
83.5
82.2
81.4
81.8
76.8

79.4
80.4
82.5
82.6
81.6
82.7
81.4
80.6
80.7
75.1

2001: Aug ..............................
Sept .............................
Oct ...............................
Nov ...............................
Dec ..............................

140.0
138.5
137.7
137.2
136.7

¥0.3
¥1.1
¥.6
¥.3
¥.4

¥4.6
¥5.7
¥5.9
¥5.9
¥5.8

144.5
142.9
142.1
142.0
141.6

178.9
176.1
173.9
174.3
174.1

111.1
110.5
110.8
110.2
109.7

101.4
102.1
99.5
99.0
97.4

121.1
118.1
119.4
116.2
115.2

76.4
75.5
75.0
74.7
74.4

74.6
73.7
73.3
73.2
72.9

2002: Jan ...............................
Feb ...............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May r .............................
June r ............................
July r ............................
Aug p .............................

137.6
138.1
138.6
138.8
139.4
140.3
140.9
140.5

.6
.4
.3
.1
.5
.6
.4
¥.3

¥4.4
¥3.8
¥3.0
¥2.3
¥1.5
.0
.4
.4

142.6
142.9
143.4
143.4
144.2
145.0
145.5
145.3

175.7
176.0
176.6
177.2
178.4
179.7
180.3
180.3

110.3
110.5
110.9
110.5
111.0
111.4
111.7
111.5

97.0
96.6
95.4
95.3
95.1
96.2
95.7
96.5

115.7
120.3
121.8
123.9
123.3
124.6
127.7
124.5

74.8
75.0
75.2
75.3
75.6
76.0
76.2
76.0

73.4
73.5
73.7
73.6
74.0
74.3
74.5
74.4

1 Percent
2 Output

changes based on unrounded indexes.
as percent of capacity.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

17

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION—MAJOR MARKET GROUPS AND
SELECTED MANUFACTURES
[1992=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Products

Materials

Final products

Intermediate products

Consumer goods

Equipment

Period
Total
Total

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total 1

Business

Defense
and
space
equipment

Total

Construction
supplies

Business
supplies

Total

Energy

100.0
103.5
108.0
112.0
116.4
123.5
128.9
131.8
135.8
132.0

100.0
103.4
107.8
110.6
112.6
115.9
118.3
119.9
121.9
120.7

100.0
112.0
124.2
128.6
131.8
138.2
146.4
158.6
161.2
151.3

100.0
101.3
103.8
106.2
107.9
110.5
111.6
110.8
112.7
113.3

100.0
103.7
108.3
114.5
122.9
136.9
148.1
153.5
161.8
152.3

100.0
105.6
113.2
122.0
133.4
152.3
167.1
176.6
188.9
175.9

100.0
92.7
86.1
83.3
80.1
77.5
80.8
79.1
74.4
74.0

100.0
102.4
106.1
107.9
110.7
116.2
120.2
123.2
126.4
121.4

100.0
103.2
110.5
112.4
117.7
123.8
131.3
136.5
141.5
137.6

100.0
101.9
103.5
105.3
106.6
111.7
113.7
115.4
117.5
111.9

100.0
103.7
111.6
119.6
127.0
137.9
146.9
155.6
166.4
158.0

100.0
99.6
101.3
102.5
103.7
103.9
103.9
103.9
104.6
103.3

..................................................
.................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

132.0
130.0
129.2
129.4
129.1

121.4
119.9
119.6
120.0
120.6

154.1
151.8
146.2
152.1
156.2

113.6
112.3
113.1
112.3
112.2

150.5
147.1
145.4
145.0
142.7

173.3
168.4
166.9
167.2
164.3

73.5
73.8
74.2
74.3
74.7

121.6
120.7
119.6
118.9
118.6

138.8
138.1
134.6
134.0
135.6

111.3
110.4
110.7
109.8
108.6

157.6
156.5
155.9
154.8
153.6

103.0
103.1
102.6
102.6
101.6

2002: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar .................................................
Apr ..................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July r ................................................
Aug p ................................................

129.3
129.4
129.6
129.2
129.3
130.3
130.7
130.2

120.6
121.2
121.7
121.4
121.4
122.3
123.0
122.4

154.5
155.4
156.8
157.9
159.0
161.2
164.6
163.2

112.6
113.1
113.4
112.8
112.6
113.2
113.4
112.9

143.3
142.2
141.7
141.3
141.6
142.6
142.3
142.1

165.3
164.0
163.5
162.9
163.2
164.2
163.7
163.1

74.9
74.9
74.9
75.3
75.7
76.2
76.7
77.4

118.9
119.4
120.8
120.3
120.9
121.3
121.2
121.0

136.3
136.8
139.7
138.3
139.6
140.2
138.3
139.2

108.5
109.1
109.6
109.6
109.9
110.1
111.0
110.3

155.8
157.1
157.4
158.8
160.2
161.3
162.5
162.2

101.6
102.6
102.1
103.0
102.4
103.4
105.1
103.7

2001: Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

1 Includes

oil and gas well drilling and manufactured homes, not shown separately.

[1992=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Durable manufactures
Primary metals
Period
Total
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

Iron
and
steel

Fabricated
metal
products

Industrial
machinery and
equipment

Electrical
machinery

Nondurable manufactures
Transportation
equipment

Total

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

Lumber
and
products

Apparel
products

Printing
and
publishing

Chemicals
and
products

Foods

100.0
105.1
113.8
116.2
119.7
125.5
127.7
129.4
131.9
116.9

100.0
106.0
114.4
116.6
119.1
123.9
124.0
123.9
127.3
112.6

100.0
104.3
112.1
116.3
120.1
126.5
131.3
132.4
137.2
130.4

100.0
110.4
126.0
144.7
161.1
178.3
195.2
207.9
227.1
213.3

100.0
109.8
131.3
165.5
206.3
266.8
334.5
411.3
536.6
504.2

100.0
104.0
108.8
108.5
110.2
120.2
130.6
137.8
137.1
128.5

100.0
114.4
133.6
137.6
137.6
148.4
154.7
174.3
177.6
162.9

100.0
100.8
105.9
107.9
110.4
113.1
117.4
122.0
118.8
113.0

100.0
102.4
106.5
107.0
105.1
108.8
105.5
106.1
101.9
93.1

100.0
100.5
100.5
101.1
101.1
107.3
106.3
105.3
106.9
101.6

100.0
100.9
103.7
106.0
108.8
115.9
118.3
119.1
122.0
121.1

100.0
102.0
103.6
105.7
105.4
107.2
110.6
112.0
113.8
112.9

..................................................
.................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

117.5
116.4
113.6
110.2
103.6

115.7
112.7
110.4
107.1
94.6

131.0
128.7
127.5
127.2
129.1

211.0
205.1
202.8
203.4
200.4

485.5
484.6
484.8
485.1
487.3

131.6
128.5
124.6
127.2
129.1

169.9
164.2
157.3
165.9
172.1

116.2
116.4
112.8
112.4
113.0

91.2
89.4
87.8
87.3
88.8

100.7
99.7
99.8
98.9
97.3

121.2
121.0
123.2
122.4
121.4

113.0
111.7
112.2
113.0
114.0

2002: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar .................................................
Apr ..................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July r ................................................
Aug p ................................................

111.3
111.8
113.1
112.1
115.2
115.7
113.4
115.5

107.1
110.6
110.2
110.7
117.5
116.0
113.0
116.9

128.7
127.7
127.9
128.2
130.0
130.6
131.4
130.7

204.5
205.3
207.1
206.8
208.3
208.6
206.9
208.6

494.0
500.8
503.1
507.9
520.1
520.1
520.3
524.1

128.2
128.9
128.2
129.6
128.8
132.0
134.7
133.3

171.8
174.5
174.9
179.3
178.8
185.7
193.0
190.2

112.9
111.0
112.9
111.6
111.8
113.1
112.9
112.6

89.4
88.4
89.5
88.3
88.7
88.8
89.0
87.8

96.6
96.0
95.4
94.9
95.3
95.8
95.6
96.5

123.0
122.9
122.8
122.2
123.3
124.3
125.8
125.2

113.5
113.7
114.4
114.0
113.2
113.6
112.9
113.2

2001: Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

18

NEW CONSTRUCTION
[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Construction contracts 3

Private
Period

Total new
construction
expenditures

Residential
Total

New housing
units

Total 1

Commercial
and industrial 2

Other

Federal
and
State
and
local

Total value
index
(1996=100)

Commercial
and industrial
floor space
(millions of
square feet)

Billions of dollars
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

463.7
491.0
539.2
557.8
615.9
653.4
705.7
765.9
820.3
842.5

347.8
375.1
419.0
427.9
476.6
502.7
551.4
596.3
641.8
650.0

199.4
225.1
258.6
247.4
281.1
289.0
314.6
350.6
374.5
388.7

135.1
150.9
176.4
171.4
191.1
198.1
224.0
251.3
265.0
279.8

82.2
81.5
93.3
110.9
125.2
136.6
151.1
153.1
164.1
155.8

66.2
68.5
67.1
69.7
70.4
77.1
85.7
92.7
103.2
105.5

115.8
116.0
120.2
129.9
139.3
150.7
154.3
169.5
178.6
192.5

76
82
89
92
100
109
122
135
142
....................

556
589
744
862
875
1,027
1,223
1,255
1,240
......................

150.9
148.2
144.4
139.9
137.7
138.6
134.9
131.7
131.0
121.9
119.1
116.1
112.5

108.0
106.9
106.7
105.0
107.9
109.6
111.0
109.8
113.8
106.8
104.7
107.2
107.2

188.1
187.4
193.1
196.9
201.0
208.7
214.9
199.9
200.2
204.9
199.1
201.0
202.7

....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................

......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................

Annual rates
2001: Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ............................
2002: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr r ...........................
May r ..........................
June r .........................
July r ..........................
Aug p ..........................

838.6
836.0
836.6
836.5
841.8
860.2
874.3
855.2
856.9
847.1
833.7
832.7
829.8

650.6
648.5
643.4
639.7
640.8
651.5
659.4
655.3
656.7
642.2
634.6
631.7
627.1

391.7
393.5
392.3
394.7
395.2
403.3
413.5
413.8
411.8
413.5
410.8
408.3
407.5

282.3
281.6
281.6
282.2
283.1
286.9
293.8
295.4
295.6
294.9
292.8
293.2
292.9

1 Includes

residential improvements, not shown separately.
hotels and motels.
Dodge series.

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census) and The McGraw-Hill Companies,
Inc., F.W. Dodge Division.

2 Includes
3 F.W.

NEW PRIVATE HOUSING AND VACANCY RATES
[Thousands of units or houses, except as noted]
New private housing units
Period
Total
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

New private houses

Units started, by type of structure

1,199.7
1,287.6
1,457.0
1,354.1
1,476.8
1,474.0
1,616.9
1,640.9
1,568.7
1,602.7

1 unit
1,029.9
1,125.7
1,198.4
1,076.2
1,160.9
1,133.7
1,271.4
1,302.4
1,230.9
1,273.3

2–4 units 1

5 units or
more

30.9
29.4
35.2
33.8
45.3
44.5
42.6
31.9
38.7
36.6

139.0
132.6
223.5
244.1
270.8
295.8
302.9
306.6
299.1
292.8

Units
authorized
1,094.9
1,199.1
1,371.6
1,332.5
1,425.6
1,441.1
1,612.3
1,663.5
1,592.3
1,636.7

Units
completed

Houses
sold

Houses for
sale at end
of period 2

1,157.5
1,192.7
1,346.9
1,312.6
1,412.9
1,400.5
1,474.2
1,604.9
1,573.7
1,570.8

610
666
670
667
757
804
886
880
877
908

265
293
336
370
322
281
294
308
298
308

1,621
1,551
1,575
1,567
1,705
1,607
1,669
1,576
1,650
1,702
1,587
1,602
1,637

871
856
865
938
979
870
937
915
932
r 974
959
977
996

308
310
308
308
308
310
314
316
324
r 329
328
331
332

Vacancy rate
for rental
housing units
(percent) 3
7.4
3 7.3

7.4
7.6
7.8
7.7
7.9
8.1
8.0
8.4

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
2001: Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ............................
2002: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr ............................
May ...........................
June r .........................
July r ..........................
Aug p ..........................

1,562
1,582
1,531
1,604
1,583
1,713
1,788
1,675
1,566
1,742
1,692
1,645
1,609

1,274
1,263
1,238
1,241
1,294
1,344
1,472
1,298
1,261
1,380
1,344
1,309
1,252

27
46
33
38
17
67
43
49
27
37
46
31
27

1 Derived; seasonally adjusted monthly data for 2–4 housing units started are no longer published.
2 Seasonally adjusted.
3 Revised series beginning 1994; data for 1993 reflect the revision. Quarterly data entered
in last month of quarter.

261
273
260
325
272
302
273
328
278
325
302
305
330

1,606
1,570
1,566
1,659
1,702
1,686
1,766
1,629
1,631
1,676
1,706
1,712
1,666

......................
8.4
......................
......................
8.8
......................
......................
9.1
......................
......................
8.5
......................
......................

NOTE.—Beginning 1994, units authorized are for 19,000 places. For other data shown, units
authorized are for 17,000 places.
Beginning 1999, housing starts, completions, and sales are not directly comparable with earlier data due to new estimation methods.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

19

BUSINESS SALES AND INVENTORIES—Manufacturing and Trade
In July, manufacturing and trade sales rose 1.2 percent and inventories rose $5.2 billion. According to advance
estimates, retail sales rose 0.8 percent in August; retail and food services sales also rose 0.8 percent.

[Millions of dollars, except ratios; seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Manufacturing and trade 1
Period
Sales 2

Inventories 3

Inventorysales
ratio 4

Wholesale

Sales 2

Inventories 3

Retail
Inventory
sales
ratio 4

1992 .................................................................
537,899
837,873
1.53 144,302 194,463
1.32
1993 .................................................................
564,458
864,841
1.51 150,833 202,730
1.31
1994 .................................................................
605,983
927,859
1.47 161,133 219,766
1.30
1995 .................................................................
648,961
986,329
1.49 176,227 236,145
1.31
1996 .................................................................
680,673 1,005,021
1.47 186,649 238,782
1.28
1997 .................................................................
716,672 1,044,981
1.43 194,541 256,417
1.27
1998 .................................................................
736,556 1,076,471
1.45 198,319 269,412
1.33
1999 .................................................................
779,798 1,134,734
1.41 211,756 285,686
1.31
2000 .................................................................
827,951 1,198,395
1.42 229,313 304,678
1.30
2001 .................................................................
815,111 1,122,990
1.43 226,313 288,014
1.32
2001: July r ....................................................
814,554 1,168,281
1.43 225,620 298,162
1.32
Aug r .....................................................
818,083 1,165,434
1.42 227,530 297,130
1.31
Sept ......................................................
797,312 1,158,937
1.45 225,481 295,863
1.31
Oct .......................................................
815,570 1,141,500
1.40 221,161 292,811
1.32
Nov .......................................................
806,128 1,129,548
1.40 222,704 289,487
1.30
Dec .......................................................
803,854 1,122,990
1.40 220,380 288,014
1.31
2002: Jan .......................................................
811,196 1,122,911
1.38 223,023 286,994
1.29
Feb .......................................................
804,624 1,120,288
1.39 224,738 284,508
1.27
Mar ......................................................
808,644 1,116,303
1.38 224,855 283,732
1.26
Apr ......................................................
822,615 1,113,864
1.35 228,131 281,193
1.23
May ......................................................
820,227 1,116,527
1.36 228,052 281,080
1.23
June r ...................................................
822,795 1,119,454
1.36 229,638 282,340
1.23
July p ....................................................
833,006 1,124,662
1.35 230,991 284,152
1.23
Aug p .................................................... ................ .................. ................ ................ ................ ................
1 See

4 Annual

Inventories 3

page 21 for manufacturing.
data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month.

20

Inventory
sales
ratio 4

154,268 267,808
1.68
164,837 285,906
1.69
178,932 312,019
1.67
188,235 329,536
1.72
200,190 340,335
1.68
209,112 350,763
1.65
219,507 364,288
1.62
239,013 392,501
1.59
254,928 416,475
1.59
263,987 395,814
1.55
263,114 409,731
1.56
263,899 412,220
1.56
258,609 411,033
1.59
276,275 399,642
1.45
268,345 396,256
1.48
267,283 395,814
1.48
267,002 399,269
1.50
268,410 401,693
1.50
268,196 401,137
1.50
271,522 402,518
1.48
268,439
406,855
1.52
272,347
408,884
1.50
r 275,914
412,514
1.50
278,173 ................ ................

3 Seasonally

2 Annual

Sales 2

adjusted, end of period.
data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Retail and
food services
sales 2

171,219
182,841
197,735
207,704
220,431
230,616
242,228
262,803
280,427
290,713
289,971
291,036
285,006
302,770
295,036
295,232
294,852
296,468
296,199
299,642
296,567
300,634
r 303,918
306,208

MANUFACTURERS’ SHIPMENTS, INVENTORIES, AND ORDERS
In August, manufacturers’ shipments and inventories fell; new orders were about unchanged; and unfilled orders
rose.

Manufacturers’ shipments 1

Manufacturers’ inventories 2

Manufacturers’ new orders 1
Durable goods

Period
Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total
Total

Capital
goods
industries,
nondefense

Manufacturers’
unfilled
orders 2

Manufacturers’
inventory—
shipments
ratio 3

Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted, except as noted
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2001:

....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
Aug ..........................................
Sept ..........................................
Oct ...........................................
Nov ..........................................
Dec ...........................................
2002: Jan ...........................................
Feb ...........................................
Mar ..........................................
Apr ...........................................
May ..........................................
June .........................................
July r .........................................
Aug p .........................................

239,330
248,789
265,918
284,499
293,835
313,018
318,730
329,029
343,710
324,811
326,654
313,222
318,134
315,079
316,191
321,171
311,476
315,593
322,962
323,736
320,810
326,101
324,214

123,899
130,793
143,081
153,094
158,952
172,409
179,712
186,933
190,502
175,012
175,700
166,480
170,284
170,355
171,075
174,828
170,367
170,376
176,426
175,927
173,205
178,739
176,122

115,430
117,996
122,838
131,405
134,883
140,610
139,019
142,096
153,207
149,799
150,954
146,742
147,850
144,724
145,116
146,343
141,109
145,217
146,536
147,809
147,605
147,362
148,092

375,602
376,205
396,074
420,648
425,904
437,801
442,771
456,547
477,242
439,162
456,084
452,041
449,047
443,805
439,162
436,648
434,087
431,434
430,153
428,592
428,230
427,996
427,924

1 Annual data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month. Shipments are the same as sales.
2 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
3 Annual data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.

234,905
235,218
249,272
263,223
267,980
275,348
284,484
289,641
304,151
275,311
287,818
284,392
282,528
278,994
275,311
273,770
271,870
269,094
267,811
266,417
265,478
264,398
263,779

140,697 ................ ................ ................
140,987 246,668
128,672
40,681
146,802 266,641 143,803
45,175
157,425 285,542 154,137
51,011
157,924 297,282 162,399
54,066
162,453 314,986 174,377
60,697
158,287 317,345 178,327
62,133
166,906 329,770 187,674
64,392
173,091 347,225 194,017
69,476
163,851 321,397 171,598
57,886
168,266 321,844 170,890
56,854
167,649 305,994 159,252
51,448
166,519 321,694 173,844
51,109
164,811 308,379 163,655
53,391
163,851 312,308 167,192
55,491
162,878 315,360 169,017
54,680
162,217 313,068 171,959
55,500
162,340 316,737 171,520
53,642
162,342 318,861 172,325
54,220
162,175 320,873 173,064
56,174
162,752 312,866 165,261
50,774
163,598 326,636 179,274
56,933
164,145 326,633 178,541
60,240

450,631
425,314
434,236
446,913
488,392
512,718
495,947
505,376
547,826
506,412
520,663
513,435
516,995
510,295
506,412
500,601
502,193
503,337
499,236
496,373
488,429
488,964
491,383

1.57
1.51
1.45
1.45
1.44
1.38
1.39
1.36
1.37
1.42
1.40
1.44
1.41
1.41
1.39
1.36
1.39
1.37
1.33
1.32
1.33
1.31
1.32

NOTE.—Manufacturers’ nondurable new orders (not shown) are the same as nondurable shipments. Also, there are no unfilled nondurable orders; data shown for total unfilled orders are
durable unfilled orders.
Data exclude semiconductors.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

21

PRICES
PRODUCER PRICES
The producer price index for all finished goods was unchanged in August. Prices of finished consumer foods fell
0.4 percent, while prices of other finished consumer goods rose 0.2 percent. Capital equipment prices fell 0.1
percent.

[1982=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Finished goods

Period

Total
finished
goods

Intermediate materials

Finished goods excluding consumer foods
Consumer
foods

Consumer goods
Total
Total

Durable

Nondurable

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
consumer
goods

Crude materials

Total

Foods
and
feeds 1

Other

Total

Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs

Other

1992 ...........................
1993 ...........................
1994 ...........................
1995 ...........................
1996 ...........................
1997 ...........................
1998 ...........................
1999 ..........................
2000 ...........................
2001 ...........................
2001: Aug ................
Sept ...............
Oct .................
Nov .................
Dec .................

123.2
124.7
125.5
127.9
131.3
131.8
130.7
133.0
138.0
140.7
140.6
141.1
139.2
138.3
137.8

123.3
125.7
126.8
129.0
133.6
134.5
134.3
135.1
137.2
141.3
142.0
142.2
142.1
140.9
140.7

123.1
124.4
125.1
127.5
130.5
130.9
129.5
132.3
138.1
140.4
140.0
140.6
138.3
137.4
136.9

120.8
121.7
121.6
124.0
127.6
128.2
126.4
130.5
138.4
141.4
140.7
141.5
138.4
137.1
136.3

125.7
128.0
130.9
132.7
134.2
133.7
132.9
133.0
133.9
134.0
134.3
134.6
133.2
133.1
133.7

117.3
117.6
116.2
118.8
123.3
124.3
122.2
127.9
138.7
142.8
141.7
142.7
138.9
137.1
135.7

129.1
131.4
134.1
136.7
138.3
138.2
137.6
137.6
138.8
139.7
140.0
140.1
139.5
139.4
139.6

121.7
123.0
123.3
125.6
129.5
130.2
128.9
132.0
138.2
141.5
141.2
141.8
139.6
138.4
137.7

114.7
116.2
118.5
124.9
125.7
125.6
123.0
123.2
129.2
129.7
129.2
129.3
127.6
126.7
125.9

110.7
112.7
114.8
114.8
128.1
125.4
116.2
111.1
111.7
115.9
118.9
118.0
117.5
115.6
114.3

114.9
116.4
118.7
125.5
125.6
125.7
123.4
123.9
130.1
130.5
129.8
129.9
128.2
127.3
126.6

100.4
102.4
101.8
102.7
113.8
111.1
96.8
98.2
120.6
121.0
112.5
107.6
98.1
102.9
95.5

105.1
108.4
106.5
105.8
121.5
112.2
103.9
98.7
100.2
106.1
107.9
108.8
105.0
99.9
97.6

93.5
94.7
94.8
96.8
104.5
106.4
88.4
94.3
130.4
126.8
111.5
102.9
89.9
101.3
90.6

2002: Jan ................
Feb .................
Mar ................
Apr r ...............
May ................
June ...............
July ................
Aug .................

137.8
138.1
139.3
139.1
138.6
138.8
138.5
138.5

141.8
142.9
143.8
139.5
139.2
139.4
139.3
138.8

136.5
136.7
138.0
138.7
138.2
138.5
138.1
138.2

135.9
136.0
138.0
139.3
138.6
138.8
138.5
138.8

133.4
133.9
133.6
133.2
133.3
133.6
132.7
132.3

135.4
135.3
138.4
140.4
139.3
139.5
139.5
140.1

139.5
139.6
139.5
139.2
139.2
139.4
138.9
138.7

137.8
138.2
139.9
139.6
139.0
139.2
139.0
139.0

125.6
125.3
126.5
127.5
127.3
127.6
127.8
128.3

114.1
114.0
114.5
113.7
112.9
113.7
115.4
116.1

126.2
126.0
127.2
128.3
128.1
128.4
128.5
128.9

99.9
98.7
103.6
108.0
109.5
105.6
106.2
107.9

101.8
103.6
102.7
96.2
96.5
95.6
97.0
98.9

95.0
91.3
100.7
113.8
116.3
110.0
110.0
111.3

1 Intermediate

22

materials for food manufacturing and feeds.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
In August, the consumer price index for all urban consumers rose 0.3 percent both seasonally adjusted and not
seasonally adjusted. The index was 1.8 percent above its year-earlier level.

[1982–84=100, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
All items 1

Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

Not
season- Seasonally
ally
adjust- adjusted
ed
(NSA)

Food
Total 1

Rent
of primary
residence

Total 1

Owners’
equivalent
rent
(12/82=
100)

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Rel. imp.3 .........................
1992 .................................
1993 .................................
1994 .................................
1995 .................................
1996 .................................
1997 .................................
1998 .................................
1999 .................................
2000 .................................
2001 .................................

100.0
140.3
144.5
148.2
152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6
172.2
177.1

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

14.7
137.9
140.9
144.3
148.4
153.3
157.3
160.7
164.1
167.8
173.1

40.9
137.5
141.2
144.8
148.5
152.8
156.8
160.4
163.9
169.6
176.4

31.5
151.2
155.7
160.5
165.7
171.0
176.3
182.1
187.3
193.4
200.6

6.4
146.9
150.3
154.0
157.8
162.0
166.7
172.1
177.5
183.9
192.1

22.0
155.5
160.5
165.8
171.3
176.8
181.9
187.8
192.9
198.7
206.3

4.5
117.8
121.3
122.8
123.7
127.5
130.8
128.5
128.8
137.9
150.2

4.4
131.9
133.7
133.4
132.0
131.7
132.9
133.0
131.3
129.6
127.3

17.1 ............
126.5 128.4
130.4 131.5
134.3 136.0
139.1 139.0
143.0 141.4
144.3 141.7
141.6 140.7
144.4 139.6
153.3 139.6
154.3 138.9

2.6
99.0
98.0
98.5
100.0
106.3
106.2
92.2
100.7
129.3
124.7

5.8
190.1
201.4
211.0
220.5
228.2
234.6
242.1
250.6
260.8
272.8

6.2
103.0
104.2
104.6
105.2
110.1
111.5
102.9
106.6
124.6
129.3

79.1
147.3
152.2
156.5
161.2
165.6
169.5
173.4
177.0
181.3
186.1

2001: Aug ......................
Sept .....................
Oct .......................
Nov ......................
Dec ......................

177.5
178.3
177.7
177.4
176.7

177.4
178.1
177.6
177.5
177.3

173.9
174.2
174.9
174.8
174.8

177.2
177.0
177.0
177.5
177.9

201.8
202.0
202.5
203.5
204.3

193.2
194.0
194.7
195.4
196.2

207.4
208.1
209.0
209.9
210.7

150.0
148.0
145.3
144.5
143.4

125.8
126.0
126.5
125.7
124.9

153.2
155.8
152.5
150.1
148.8

138.4
138.4
138.5
139.3
139.6

120.1
130.5
116.8
104.7
98.5

274.1
275.2
276.3
277.5
278.4

127.0
130.5
122.7
116.7
113.2

186.7
187.1
187.4
188.1
188.3

2002: Jan ......................
Feb .......................
Mar ......................
Apr .......................
May ......................
June .....................
July ......................
Aug .......................

177.1
177.8
178.8
179.8
179.8
179.9
180.1
180.7

177.6
178.0
178.6
179.5
179.5
179.7
179.9
180.5

175.4
175.8
176.1
176.2
175.8
175.8
176.1
176.0

178.2
178.7
178.9
179.5
180.0
180.1
180.3
180.9

205.0
206.0
206.2
207.1
207.6
207.8
208.2
209.0

196.8
197.5
198.2
198.5
199.0
199.5
200.0
200.4

211.4
212.2
212.8
213.5
213.9
214.5
215.1
215.7

143.1
141.6
142.1
142.4
143.6
143.5
143.2
143.7

124.0
124.6
126.1
125.4
124.7
123.6
122.4
123.7

149.2
148.9
150.7
153.3
152.7
152.8
153.3
153.9

138.7
138.0
137.6
137.3
136.9
136.7
136.6
136.6

101.1
101.0
109.6
120.4
117.0
117.4
118.8
119.7

279.7
280.4
281.4
282.7
284.0
284.6
286.5
287.1

114.2
113.3
117.6
122.9
122.0
122.0
122.5
123.2

188.6
189.1
189.3
189.8
190.1
190.2
190.5
191.1

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc. excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

3 Relative importance, December 2001.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

23

CHANGES IN PRODUCER PRICES FOR FINISHED GOODS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Change from preceding period
Period

Change from 3 months earlier, annual rate

Change from 6 months earlier, annual rate

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Total
finished
goods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

1.7
1.8
2.0
2.2
.4
¥.6
0
.3
1.2
0

Excluding
foods

Foods

Change
from year
earlier,
total
finished
goods
NSA

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

1.2
1.2
.6
1.9
2.7
.4
¥.8
1.8
3.8
2.0

Change, Dec. to Dec., NSA
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................

1.6
.2
1.7
2.3
2.8
¥1.2
0
2.9
3.6
¥1.6

1.6
2.4
1.1
1.9
3.4
¥.8
.1
.8
1.7
1.8

1.6
¥1.4
2.0
2.3
3.7
¥1.5
¥.1
5.1
5.5
¥3.9

Change, month to month
2001: Aug .............
Sept ............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec .............

0.4
.4
¥1.3
¥.6
¥.4

0.7
.1
¥.1
¥.8
¥.1

0.4
.6
¥2.2
¥.9
¥.6

0
.1
¥.4
¥.1
.1

¥5.0
¥1.7
¥2.3
¥6.4
¥9.0

¥0.3
1.7
3.2
¥3.1
¥4.2

¥9.4
¥4.4
¥4.8
¥9.8
¥13.9

1.2
1.2
¥1.4
¥1.7
¥1.4

¥2.0
¥.8
¥4.0
¥5.7
¥5.4

2.1
1.1
0
¥1.7
¥1.3

¥4.8
¥2.4
¥7.0
¥9.6
¥9.3

0.9
.7
¥.4
¥.3
¥.1

2.0
1.6
¥.3
¥1.2
¥1.6

2002: Jan .............
Feb .............
Mar .............
Apr r ............
May .............
June ............
July .............
Aug .............

0

.8
.8
.6
¥3.0
¥.2
.1
¥.1
¥.4

¥.3
.1
1.5
.9
r ¥.5
.1
¥.2
.2

¥.1
.1
¥.1
¥.2
r0
.1
¥.4
¥.1

¥4.0
¥.6
4.4
3.8
1.5
¥1.4
r ¥1.7
¥.3

¥.8
5.8
9.1
¥6.3
¥10.0
¥11.7
¥.6
¥1.1

¥7.0
¥3.2
5.1
10.4
7.9
2.3
r ¥2.3
.6

0

¥3.1
¥3.5
¥2.5
¥.1
.4
1.5
1.0
.6

1.1
1.3
2.3
¥3.6
¥2.4
¥1.8
¥3.5
¥5.7

¥5.9
¥6.6
¥4.9
1.3
2.2
3.7
3.9
4.2

¥.7
¥.6
¥.9
¥.4
¥.3
¥.3
¥.9
¥1.3

¥2.7
¥2.6
¥1.6
¥2.1
¥2.7
¥2.1
¥1.1
¥1.6

.2
.9
¥.1
¥.4
.1
¥.2
0

.6
¥.3
¥.9
¥1.1
¥.3
r ¥.9
¥1.4

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CHANGES IN CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

All
items 1

Food
Total 1
Total 1

Rent of Ownpriers’
mary equivaresilent
dence
rent

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Addendum: All items,
percent change
(annual rate)
From
previous
quarter 3

From
From
3
6
months months
earlier earlier

From
year
earlier
NSA

Change, December to December, NSA
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................

2.9
2.7
2.7
2.5
3.3
1.7
1.6
2.7
3.4
1.6

1.5
2.9
2.9
2.1
4.3
1.5
2.3
1.9
2.8
2.8

2.6
2.7
2.2
3.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.2
4.3
2.9

2.9
3.0
3.0
3.5
2.9
3.4
3.3
2.5
3.4
4.2

2.3
2.2
2.5
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
3.1
4.0
4.7

3.0
3.2
3.3
3.7
2.8
3.1
3.2
2.4
3.4
4.5

2.3
2.5
.2
1.4
4.6
.5
¥2.6
2.4
12.1
¥2.1

1.4
.9
¥1.6
.1
¥.2
1.0
¥.7
¥.5
¥1.8
¥3.2

3.0
2.4
3.8
1.5
4.4
¥1.4
¥1.7
5.4
4.1
¥3.8

2.3
2.8
3.2
1.6
1.6
¥1.0
¥.1
¥.8
.3
0

1.8
¥5.4
5.9
¥4.0
12.7
¥6.2
¥15.4
30.2
13.9
¥24.8

6.6
2.0
5.4 ¥1.4
4.9
2.2
3.9 ¥1.3
3.0
8.6
2.8 ¥3.4
3.4 ¥8.8
3.7 13.4
4.2 14.2
4.7 ¥13.0

3.3
3.2
2.6
3.0
2.6
2.2
2.4
1.9
2.6
2.7

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

3.0
3.0
2.6
2.8
3.0
2.3
1.6
2.2
3.4
2.8

0.2 ..........
.2
.7
.2 ..........
.4 ..........
.1
¥.2

0
.7
.7
.2
¥1.8

1.6
2.3
1.1
.1
¥.6

2.7
2.6
2.1
1.9
1.6

0
1.1
3.0
4.3
3.4
2.5
.9
2.2

.3
.7
.6
2.2
2.3
2.7
2.6
2.8

1.1
1.1
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.1
1.5
1.8

Change, month to month
2001: Aug .................
Sept ................
Oct ..................
Nov .................
Dec .................

0.1
.4
¥.3
¥.1
¥.1

0.2
.2
.4
¥.1
0

0.2
¥.1
0
.3
.2

0.4
.1
.2
.5
.4

0.4
.4
.4
.4
.4

0.4
.3
.4
.4
.4

¥1.0
¥1.3
¥1.8
¥.6
¥.8

¥0.6
.2
.4
¥.6
¥.6

¥0.5
1.7
¥2.1
¥1.6
¥.9

¥0.2
0
.1
.6
.2

¥2.8
8.7
¥10.5
¥10.4
¥5.9

0.4
.4
.4
.4
.3

¥1.9
2.8
¥6.0
¥4.9
¥3.0

2002: Jan ..................
Feb ..................
Mar .................
Apr ..................
May .................
June ................
July .................
Aug ..................

.2
.2
.3
.5

.3
.2
.2
.1
¥.2
0
.2
¥.1

.2
.3
.1
.3
.3
.1
.1
.3

.3
.5
.1
.4
.2
.1
.2
.4

.3
.4
.4
.2
.3
.3
.3
.2

.3
.4
.3
.3
.2
.3
.3
.3

¥.2
¥1.0
.4
.2
.8
¥.1
¥.2
.3

¥.7
.5
1.2
¥.6
¥.6
¥.9
¥1.0
1.1

.3
¥.2
1.2
1.7
¥.4
.1
.3
.4

¥.6
¥.5
¥.3
¥.2
¥.3
¥.1
¥.1
0

2.6
¥.1
8.5
9.9
¥2.8
.3
1.2
.8

.5
.3
.4
.5
.5
.2
.7
.2

.9
¥.8
3.8
4.5
¥.7
0
.4
.6

1 Includes

0
.1
.1
.3

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc., excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

24

.2
.3
.1
.3
.2
.1
.2
.3

..........
..........
1.4
..........
..........
3.4
..........
..........

3 Quarterly changes are shown in the last month of the quarter.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRICES RECEIVED AND PAID BY FARMERS
In September, prices received by farmers fell 1.0 percent while prices paid by farmers rose 0.8 percent. (Data
are not seasonally adjusted.)

[1990–92=100; not seasonally adjusted]
Prices received by farmers
Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

All farm
products

Prices paid by farmers
Livestock and
products

Crops

All commodities,
services, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates 1

Production
items, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates

Production
items

Ratio 2

...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
..............................
..............................
...............................
..............................
..............................

98
101
100
102
112
107
102
95
96
102

101
102
105
112
127
115
107
96
96
99

97
100
95
92
99
98
97
95
97
106

101
104
106
109
115
118
115
115
120
124

101
103
105
108
115
118
114
113
118
122

101
104
106
108
115
119
113
111
116
120

97
97
94
93
98
90
89
83
81
82

2001: Sept ...................
Oct .....................
Nov ....................
Dec ....................
2002: Jan ....................
Feb ....................
Mar ....................
Apr ....................
May ....................
June ...................
July ....................
Aug ....................
Sept ...................

106
95
94
93
95
99
106
95
98
98
100
r 100
99

103
89
90
90
94
102
117
100
106
106
111
r 114
111

111
104
99
96
97
97
95
90
90
91
89
87
86

124
123
123
122
123
123
123
123
123
123
124
124
125

122
121
121
120
121
121
121
121
121
121
121
122
123

120
119
118
117
118
117
118
119
118
118
119
120
121

85
77
76
76
77
80
86
77
80
80
81
81
79

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
2 Percentage ratio of index of prices received by farmers to index of prices paid, interest,
taxes, and wage rates.

NOTE.—The official indexes are published on a 1910—14 base as required by law. The indexes have been converted to a 1990—92=100 base to facilitate comparison with other indexes.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
MONEY STOCK AND DEBT MEASURES
In August, M2 and M3 rose.

[Averages of daily figures, except debt end-of-period basis; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]
M1

M2

M3

Debt

Sum of currency,
demand deposits,
travelers’ checks,
and other
checkable deposits (OCDs)

M1 plus retail
MMMF balances,
savings deposits
(including
MMDAs), and
small time deposits

M2 plus large
time deposits,
RPs, Eurodollars, and
institutional MMMF
balances

Debt of
domestic
nonfinancial
sectors1

Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................

1,024.0
1,129.1
1,149.7
1,126.5
1,079.1
1,072.2
1,096.5
1,124.4
1,088.9
1,179.3

3,430.3
3,483.0
3,496.0
3,639.8
3,813.8
4,030.6
4,383.9
4,654.2
4,938.5
5,457.9

r 4,215.5

2001: Aug r ......................................................
Sept r .....................................................
Oct r .......................................................
Nov r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................

1,147.2
1,199.9
1,160.8
1,163.8
1,179.3

2002: Jan r ......................................................
Feb r ......................................................
Mar r ......................................................
Apr r ......................................................
May r ......................................................
June r .....................................................
July r ......................................................
Aug ........................................................

1,182.5
1,184.4
1,187.4
1,176.3
1,182.8
1,189.9
1,197.8
1,184.0

Period

1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:

1 Quarterly data; shown in last month of quarter. End-of-year data are for fourth quarter.
Consists of outstanding credit market debt of the U.S. Government, State and local governments, and private nonfinancial sectors; data from flow of funds accounts.
2 Annual changes are from December to December and monthly changes are from 6 months
earlier at a simple annual rate.

26

Percent change
From year or 6 months
earlier2

M1

M2

M3

From
previous
period3
Debt

4,625.7
4,971.5
5,451.0
6,041.3
6,544.5
7,115.1
8,033.2

11,839.9
12,434.1
13,001.5
13,706.9
14,440.2
15,243.1
16,285.5
17,388.7
18,267.9
19,376.3

14.3
10.3
1.8
¥2.0
¥4.2
¥.6
2.3
2.5
¥3.2
8.3

1.6
1.5
.4
4.1
4.8
5.7
8.8
6.2
6.1
10.5

0.3
1.5
1.9
6.1
7.5
9.6
10.8
8.3
8.7
12.9

4.6
4.9
4.5
5.4
5.3
5.6
6.8
6.6
4.9
6.1

5,263.7
5,374.0
5,367.3
5,413.6
5,457.9

7,670.6
7,824.0
7,871.1
7,961.7
8,033.2

......................
19,072.1
......................
......................
19,376.3

8.8
16.7
9.2
8.5
9.5

9.6
11.9
9.9
10.6
10.5

10.7
13.4
11.7
11.5
11.0

............
6.8
............
............
6.4

5,469.5
5,503.3
5,499.6
5,483.0
5,547.4
5,581.5
5,641.1
5,685.5

8,026.7
8,069.6
8,069.3
8,055.9
8,135.4
8,175.7
8,232.5
8,305.9

......................
......................
19,610.7
......................
......................
19,993.5
......................
......................

7.7
6.5
¥2.1
2.7
3.3
1.8
2.6
¥.1

9.3
9.1
4.7
4.3
4.9
4.5
6.3
6.6

9.6
10.4
6.3
4.7
4.4
3.5
5.1
5.9

............
............
4.8
............
............
7.8
............
............

r 4,277.6
r 4,360.2

3 Annual changes are from fourth quarter to fourth quarter. Quarterly changes are from previous quarter at an annual rate.
NOTE.—See p. 27 for components.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

COMPONENTS OF MONEY STOCK
[Averages of daily figures; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]

Period

1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:

Currency

Nonbank
travelers
checks

Demand
deposits

Other
checkable
deposits
(OCDs)

Savings
deposits,
including
money
market
deposit
accounts
(MMDAs)

Money market
mutual fund
balances

Small
denomination
time
deposits 1

Institutional

Retail

Dec ...........................................
Dec ...........................................
Dec ...........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................

292.2
321.6
354.1
372.1
394.0
424.4
459.3
516.9
530.1
579.9

7.6
7.5
8.0
8.5
8.3
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.0
7.8

339.9
385.4
383.6
389.2
401.0
393.9
378.4
354.5
309.9
330.4

384.4
414.6
404.1
356.7
275.8
245.8
250.5
244.7
240.9
261.2

1,186.8
1,219.5
1,149.9
1,134.1
1,272.7
1,400.1
1,602.2
1,738.8
1,875.8
2,307.6

868.1
782.0
816.3
931.3
946.9
968.2
951.7
955.4
1,043.6
973.4

351.4
352.4
380.0
447.8
515.1
590.1
733.6
835.7
930.2
997.7

2001: Aug r ..........................................
Sept r .........................................
Oct r ...........................................
Nov r ..........................................
Dec r ..........................................

562.7
567.6
571.4
574.9
579.9

8.8
8.4
8.2
7.8
7.8

317.8
365.3
327.8
326.2
330.4

258.0
258.5
253.4
254.8
261.2

2,130.8
2,184.4
2,216.7
2,268.3
2,307.6

1,016.2
1,009.7
999.8
987.2
973.4

2002: Jan r ..........................................
Feb r ..........................................
Mar r ..........................................
Apr r ..........................................
May r ..........................................
June r .........................................
July r .........................................
Aug ...........................................

586.1
591.5
595.1
599.4
605.0
611.1
615.1
617.1

7.8
7.8
7.7
7.7
7.8
8.2
8.6
8.4

327.2
324.7
323.9
309.4
305.9
305.1
303.8
288.9

261.4
260.4
260.5
259.8
264.1
265.5
270.3
269.6

2,345.4
2,396.6
2,418.1
2,438.2
2,484.8
2,514.2
2,552.8
2,617.8

958.8
948.0
939.4
932.2
929.0
925.9
920.8
914.5

1 Small denomination and large denomination deposits are those issued in amounts of less
than $100,000 and more than $100,000, respectively.

Large
denomination
time
deposits 1

r 213.9

Overnight
and term Overnight
repurand term
chase
Euroagreedollars
ments
(net)
(RPs)
(net)

264.3
322.4
395.7
540.1
638.6
796.6
1,206.5

350.2
332.1
370.4
429.3
510.6
620.2
671.4
742.4
820.1
784.0

141.6
172.6
196.3
198.4
210.3
253.9
293.4
335.9
364.0
375.7

79.5
72.8
86.3
94.0
114.5
150.6
152.5
173.4
195.9
209.0

969.5
980.1
990.0
994.4
997.7

1,029.7
1,080.2
1,148.8
1,180.6
1,206.5

795.2
797.5
789.0
780.5
784.0

370.7
360.4
357.1
374.1
375.7

211.2
211.9
208.9
212.9
209.0

982.8
974.4
954.8
936.3
950.8
951.5
969.8
969.2

1,178.7
1,177.1
1,177.3
1,175.4
1,185.8
1,196.4
1,191.6
1,190.1

793.5
791.4
792.1
804.5
812.8
809.6
814.0
817.0

375.6
379.9
377.9
371.9
371.9
373.7
372.6
397.5

209.4
218.0
222.4
221.1
217.4
214.5
213.2
215.9

r 217.2
r 211.2

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

AGGREGATE RESERVES AND MONETARY BASE
[Averages of daily figures 1; millions of dollars; seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Adjusted for changes in reserve requirements

Borrowings of depository institutions from the Federal
Reserve (NSA)

Reserves of depository institutions
Period
Total

1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Nonborrowed

Nonborrowed
plus
extended
credit

Required

Monetary
base

Total

Seasonal

Extended
credit

...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................

54,332
60,460
59,369
56,430
50,149
46,848
45,136
41,824
38,535
41,221

54,208
60,378
59,160
56,173
49,994
46,523
45,019
41,504
38,326
41,154

54,209
60,378
59,160
56,173
49,994
46,523
45,019
41,504
38,326
41,154

53,178
59,390
58,209
55,140
48,733
45,163
43,622
40,527
37,108
39,576

350,751
386,477
418,205
434,396
451,839
479,703
513,550
593,121
584,042
r 634,412

124
82
209
257
155
324
117
320
210
67

18
31
100
40
68
79
15
67
111
33

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2001: Sept .........................................................................
Oct ...........................................................................
Nov ..........................................................................
Dec ...........................................................................

58,217
45,224
40,867
41,221

54,832
45,097
40,783
41,154

54,832
45,097
40,783
41,154

39,200
43,899
39,415
39,576

639,690
629,954
629,373
r 634,412

3,385
127
84
67

93
67
33
33

0
0
0
0

2002: Jan ...........................................................................
Feb ..........................................................................
Mar ..........................................................................
Apr ...........................................................................
May ..........................................................................
June .........................................................................
July r .........................................................................
Aug r .........................................................................
Sept p ........................................................................

41,747
41,451
41,013
40,760
39,116
39,266
39,660
40,059
39,303

41,698
41,421
40,935
40,690
39,003
39,124
39,468
39,726
39,074

41,698
41,421
40,935
40,690
39,003
39,124
39,468
39,726
39,074

40,360
40,083
39,599
39,552
37,843
38,024
38,287
38,421
37,812

640,857
646,175
649,651
r 653,945
r 657,913
r 664,068
668,754
671,058
673,529

50
30
79
71
112
142
191
333
229

17
17
20
50
105
136
176
185
169

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1 Data

are prorated averages of biweekly (maintenance period) averages of daily figures.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

27

BANK CREDIT AT ALL COMMERCIAL BANKS
Total commercial bank loans and leases rose 1.1 percent in August; commercial and industrial loans were unchanged.

[Billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted 1]
Securities in bank credit

Period

1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2001:

Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ............
Dec r ..........
Aug r .........
Sept r .........
Oct r ..........
Nov r .........
Dec r ..........
2002: Jan r ..........
Feb r ..........
Mar r .........
Apr r ..........
May r .........
June r ........
July r .........
Aug ...........

Total
bank
credit

Total
securities

2,956.9

843.3

r 3,115.7

r 917.7

r 3,322.5

942.4
986.7
980.5
1,087.9
1,228.7
1,273.9
1,335.4
1,496.5
1,423.0
1,441.4
1,472.3
1,495.3
1,496.5
1,487.0
1,478.2
1,476.9
1,499.1
1,532.6
1,558.0
1,585.8
1,624.4

3,605.4
3,761.8
4,104.3
4,544.9
4,779.1
r 5,221.3
5,451.8
5,356.0
5,428.4
5,424.2
5,461.6
5,451.8
5,426.9
5,428.1
5,422.7
5,445.5
5,501.6
5,545.2
5,592.0
5,674.9

U.S.
Treasury
and
agency
securities

666.3
732.9
724.3
703.8
700.5
749.0
792.1
807.8
785.6
860.7
794.6
804.0
826.4
842.7
860.7
847.0
837.3
854.1
874.5
896.4
909.1
917.3
946.0

Loans and leases in bank credit
Real estate

CommerOther
Total loans cial and
securities and leases 2 industrial

177.0
184.8
r 218.2
282.9
280.0
338.9
436.5
466.1
549.8
635.8
628.4
637.4
645.8
652.6
635.8
640.0
640.9
622.8
624.6
636.3
648.9
668.4
678.4

2,113.6

599.3

r 2,198.0

r 590.2

r 2,380.1

r 650.2

2,618.7
2,781.3
3,016.3
3,316.2
3,505.1
3,885.8
3,955.2
3,933.0
3,987.1
3,951.9
3,966.3
3,955.2
3,939.8
3,950.0
3,945.8
3,946.4
3,968.9
3,987.2
4,006.2
4,050.5

724.2
787.9
856.5
951.0
1,004.7
1,088.4
1,033.5
1,064.8
1,065.9
1,053.0
1,042.2
1,033.5
1,023.9
1,029.1
1,024.5
1,009.7
1,004.6
998.0
986.8
987.1

1 Data are prorated averages of Wednesday values for domestically chartered commercial
banks, branches and agencies of foreign banks, New York State investment companies (through
September 1996), and Edge Act and agreement corporations. Data are adjusted for breaks
caused by reclassifications of assets and liabilities.

28

Total

907.3
948.3
1,012.0
1,090.6
1,142.6
1,248.5
1,339.5
1,477.7
1,659.6
1,785.5
1,718.3
1,728.3
1,753.4
1,773.3
1,785.5
1,782.3
1,790.1
1,790.8
1,794.9
1,817.6
1,840.2
1,870.5
1,901.4

Revolving
home
equity

78.4
78.0
80.4
84.4
90.7
104.8
103.9
101.5
129.9
155.5
141.4
144.6
150.8
152.6
155.5
158.6
162.2
167.6
172.0
179.2
185.4
192.4
197.1

Consumer

Security

Other

Other

828.9
870.3
931.5
1,006.2
1,051.8
1,143.7
1,235.6
1,376.3
1,529.7
1,630.0
1,576.9
1,583.7
1,602.7
1,620.7
1,630.0
1,623.6
1,627.9
1,623.2
1,623.0
1,638.4
1,654.8
1,678.1
1,704.4

356.3
387.7
448.3
491.4
512.9
502.5
497.2
490.5
538.3
556.5
552.8
552.3
549.9
557.4
556.5
559.8
563.5
562.7
567.5
570.3
569.5
566.5
576.6

63.2
86.4
75.8
83.3
75.5
94.9
146.5
151.4
176.0
145.6
166.4
176.9
154.1
154.0
145.6
150.9
151.9
159.9
167.4
170.1
171.6
179.3
178.8

187.5
185.4
193.8
229.2
262.3
313.9
382.0
380.8
423.5
434.0
430.7
463.7
441.5
439.3
434.0
423.1
415.4
407.9
406.8
406.5
407.9
403.2
406.5

2 Excludes Federal funds sold to, reverse repurchase agreements (RPs) with, and loans to
commercial banks in the United States.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

SOURCES AND USES OF FUNDS, NONFARM NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE
BUSINESS
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Sources

Uses

External (Net increase in liabilities)
Funds raised in markets
Period
Total

1992 ..................
1993 ..................
1994 ..................
1995 ..................
1996 ..................
1997 ..................
1998 r .................
1999 r .................
2000 r .................
2001 r .................
2000: I r ............
II r ..........
III r .........
IV r .........
2001: I r ............
II r ..........
III r .........
IV r .........
2002: I r ............
II p ..........

626.7
728.6
808.2
1,010.7
1,074.5
1,011.1
1,332.8
1,743.9
1,540.8
1,064.4
1,669.2
1,674.6
1,541.0
1,278.3
1,153.1
976.0
1,080.0
1,048.7
1,052.2
1,045.4

Internal 1

465.4
510.7
566.6
619.9
676.0
727.6
716.8
756.3
741.0
777.1
740.5
751.0
743.9
728.4
710.3
748.3
789.7
860.1
815.4
798.0

Credit market instruments
Total

161.3
217.9
241.6
390.8
398.5
283.5
616.0
987.6
799.8
287.3
928.7
923.6
797.1
549.9
442.8
227.7
290.3
188.6
236.8
247.4

Total
net
funds
raised

r 52.7
r 54.5
r 81.4
r 168.7
r 113.6
r 177.2

125.2
258.1
246.6
173.7
508.8
300.0
158.7
18.9
180.9
232.6
63.6
217.8
13.2
141.1

Capital
expenditures 3

Total
Net new
equity
issues

27.0
21.3
¥44.9
¥58.3
¥69.5
¥114.4
¥267.0
¥143.5
¥159.7
¥61.8
62.2
¥245.7
¥87.8
¥367.5
¥25.0
¥70.7
¥126.6
¥25.0
¥3.7
62.5

Total

Securities
and mortgages

r 25.7

r 35.5

r 33.2

r 55.4

r 126.3

r 32.0

r 227.1

r 102.1

r 183.1

r 129.6

r 291.6

r 187.0

392.1
401.6
406.3
235.5
446.6
545.7
246.5
386.4
205.9
303.3
190.2
242.8
16.9
78.6

241.5
269.0
222.4
394.1
240.5
198.0
200.2
250.9
440.4
449.0
279.7
407.0
239.6
261.9

1 Profits before tax (book) less profit tax accruals and dividends plus consumption of fixed
capital, foreign earnings retained abroad, inventory valuation adjustment, and net capital transfers.
2 Includes tax liabilities, trade debt, pension fund liabilities, and direct foreign investment in
the U.S.

Loans
and
shortterm
paper
¥9.9
¥22.2
94.3
124.9
53.7
104.6
150.7
132.7
183.9
¥158.6
206.2
347.7
46.3
135.4
¥234.6
¥145.6
¥89.6
¥164.2
¥222.7
¥183.3

Other 2

r 108.7
r 163.4
r 160.3
r 222.1
r 284.9
r 106.3

490.8
729.6
553.3
113.6
419.9
623.6
638.4
531.0
262.0
¥5.0
226.7
¥29.2
223.6
106.2

601.8
841.5
850.7
1,065.1
1,116.7
1,032.6
1,396.4
1,854.9
1,718.6
1,082.0
1,825.8
1,854.3
1,729.1
1,465.4
1,201.7
1,005.6
1,113.0
1,007.7
996.1
1,001.2

455.8
508.8
575.6
638.7
662.7
760.2
826.5
885.0
957.2
794.2
936.5
970.3
975.3
946.9
866.3
812.3
781.2
717.1
773.6
798.8

Increase
in financial assets

146.0
332.7
275.1
426.4
454.0
272.4
569.9
969.9
761.4
287.8
889.3
884.0
753.8
518.5
335.4
193.3
331.8
290.6
222.5
202.4

Discrepancy
(sources
less
uses)

24.9
¥112.8
¥42.5
¥54.4
¥42.2
¥21.5
¥63.6
¥111.0
¥177.9
¥17.5
¥156.6
¥179.7
¥188.0
¥187.1
¥48.6
¥29.6
¥32.9
41.0
56.1
44.1

3 Nonresidential fixed investment plus residential fixed investment, inventory change with inventory valuation adjustment, and access rights from U.S. Government.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

CONSUMER CREDIT
[Billions of dollars; seasonally adjusted]

Consumer credit outstanding (end of period)
Period
Total

1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2001:

Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Aug r .............................................................................
Sept r .............................................................................
Oct r ..............................................................................
Nov r .............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
2002: Jan r ..............................................................................
Feb r ..............................................................................
Mar r .............................................................................
Apr r ..............................................................................
May r .............................................................................
June r ............................................................................
July ..............................................................................
Aug p .............................................................................

782.2
838.8
960.4
1,095.8
1,185.1
1,243.0
1,317.5
1,416.3
1,560.6
1,667.9
1,624.7
1,631.0
1,643.5
1,664.1
1,667.9
1,673.5
1,680.6
1,689.1
1,697.4
1,706.7
1,716.0
1,726.0
1,730.2

1 Change based on data in billions of dollar as shown here. For year-end data, change from
preceding year-end; for monthly data, change from preceding month.
2 Includes automobile loans and all other loans not included in revolving credit, such as loans
for mobile homes, education, boats, trailers, or vacations. These loans may be secured or unsecured.

Revolving

278.4
309.9
365.6
443.1
498.9
531.0
562.5
597.7
r 666.6
699.9
697.5
698.3
697.7
704.9
699.9
700.7
700.4
703.9
709.1
712.1
715.6
722.0
725.9

Nonrevolving 2

503.7
528.8
594.9
652.7
686.1
712.0
755.0
818.6
894.0
968.1
927.2
932.7
945.8
959.1
968.1
972.8
980.2
985.3
988.3
994.6
1,000.4
1,004.1
1,004.3

Net change in consumer credit outstanding 1
Total

5.1
56.6
121.6
135.4
89.3
57.9
74.5
98.8
144.3
107.3
3.9
6.3
12.5
20.6
3.8
5.6
7.1
8.5
8.3
9.3
9.3
10.0
4.2

Revolving

14.6
31.5
55.7
77.5
55.8
32.1
31.5
35.2
r 68.9
33.3
¥1.7
.8
¥.6
7.2
¥5.0
.8
¥.3
3.5
5.2
3.0
3.5
6.4
3.9

Nonrevolving 2

¥9.6
25.1
66.1
57.8
33.4
25.9
43.0
63.6
75.4
74.1
5.5
5.5
13.1
13.3
9.0
4.7
7.4
5.1
3.0
6.3
5.8
3.7
.2

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

29

INTEREST RATES AND BOND YIELDS
Interest rates fell in September.

[Percent per annum]
U.S. Treasury security yields
Constant
Period

1992 .......................
1993 .......................
1994 .......................
1995 .......................
1996 .......................
1997 .......................
1998 .......................
1999 .......................
2000 .......................
2001 .......................
2001: Sept .............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec .............
2002: Jan .............
Feb .............
Mar .............
Apr .............
May ............
June ...........
July ............
Aug .............
Sept .............
Week ended:
2002: Sept 7 ........
14 ........
21 ........
28 ........
Oct 5 .........
1 Bank-discount

3-month
bills (new
issues) 1

3-year

maturities 2

10-year

30-year

Highgrade
municipal
bonds
(Standard
&
Poor’s) 3

Corporate
Aaa
bonds
(Moody’s)

30

Discount
rate (N.Y.
F.R. Bank) 4

Prime rate
charged by
banks 4

Federal
funds
rate 5

Newhome
mortgage
yields
(FHFB) 6

3.45
3.02
4.29
5.51
5.02
5.07
4.81
4.66
5.85
3.45
2.87
2.22
1.93
1.72
1.66
1.73
1.81
1.72
1.74
1.71
1.68
1.63
1.63

5.30
4.44
6.27
6.25
5.99
6.10
5.14
5.49
6.22
4.09
3.45
3.14
3.22
3.62
3.56
3.55
4.14
4.01
3.80
3.49
3.01
2.52
2.32

7.01
5.87
7.09
6.57
6.44
6.35
5.26
5.65
6.03
5.02
4.73
4.57
4.65
5.09
5.04
4.91
5.28
5.21
5.16
4.93
4.65
4.26
3.87

7.67
6.59
7.37
6.88
6.71
6.61
5.58
5.87
5.94
5.49
5.48
5.32
5.12
5.48
5.45
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

6.41
5.63
6.19
5.95
5.75
5.55
5.12
5.43
5.77
5.19
5.09
5.07
5.06
5.28
5.19
5.14
5.27
5.27
5.22
5.11
5.01
4.92
4.73

8.14
7.22
7.96
7.59
7.37
7.26
6.53
7.04
7.62
7.08
7.17
7.03
6.97
6.76
6.55
6.51
6.81
6.76
6.75
6.63
6.53
6.37
6.15

3.80
3.30
4.93
5.93
5.42
5.62
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

3.25
3.00
3.60
5.21
5.02
5.00
4.92
4.62
5.73
3.40
3.00–2.50
2.50–2.00
2.00–1.50
1.50–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25

6.25
6.00
7.15
8.83
8.27
8.44
8.35
8.00
9.23
6.91
6.50–6.00
6.00–5.50
5.50–5.00
5.00–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75

3.52
3.02
4.21
5.83
5.30
5.46
5.35
4.97
6.24
3.88
3.07
2.49
2.09
1.82
1.73
1.74
1.73
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.73
1.74
1.75

8.24
7.20
7.49
7.87
7.80
7.71
7.07
7.04
7.52
7.00
6.89
6.73
6.63
6.79
6.87
6.82
6.76
6.74
6.59
6.47
6.37
6.26
..............

1.61
1.65
1.66
1.61
1.54

2.36
2.45
2.32
2.22
2.07

3.98
4.00
3.84
3.73
3.69

*
*
*
*
*

4.79
4.79
4.69
4.64
4.65

6.21
6.21
6.12
6.10
6.13

*
*
*
*
*

1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25
1.25–1.25

4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75
4.75–4.75

1.81
1.73
1.73
1.72
1.80

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

basis.
on the more actively traded issues adjusted to constant maturities by the Treasury
Department.
3 Weekly data are Wednesday figures.
4 Average effective rate for year; opening and closing rate for month and week.
5 Daily effective rate; average of the rates on a given day weighted by the volume of transactions at these rates.
2 Yields

Prime
commercial
paper,
6
months 1

6 Effective rate (in the primary market) on conventional mortgages, reflecting fees and
charges as well as contract rate and assumed, on the average, repayment at end of 10 years.
*Series no longer published.
Sources: Department of the Treasury, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Federal Housing Finance Board, Moody’s Investors Service, and Standard & Poor’s.

COMMON STOCK PRICES AND YIELDS
Stock prices fell in September.

Common stock prices 1
Period

New York Stock Exchange indexes (Dec. 31, 1965=50,
except as noted) 2
Composite

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

Industrial

Transportation

Utility 3

Finance

Common stock yields
(percent) 7

Dow Jones
industrial
average 4

Standard &
Poor’s composite index
(1941–
43=10) 5

Nasdaq composite index
(Feb. 5,
1971=100) 6

Dividendprice ratio

Earningsprice ratio

.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................

229.01
249.58
254.12
291.15
358.17
456.54
550.26
619.16
643.66
605.07

284.62
299.99
315.25
367.34
453.98
574.52
681.57
774.78
810.63
748.26

201.09
242.49
247.29
269.41
327.33
414.60
468.69
491.60
413.60
443.59

198.91
228.90
209.06
220.30
249.77
283.82
378.12
473.73
477.65
377.30

179.26
216.42
209.73
238.45
303.89
424.48
516.35
530.86
553.13
595.61

3,284.29
3,522.06
3,793.77
4,493.76
5,742.89
7,441.15
8,625.52
10,464.88
10,734.90
10,189.13

415.74
451.41
460.42
541.72
670.50
873.43
1,085.50
1,327.33
1,427.22
1,194.18

599.26
715.16
751.65
925.19
1,164.96
1,469.49
1,794.91
2,728.15
3,783.67
2,035.00

2.99
2.78
2.82
2.56
2.19
1.77
1.49
1.25
1.15
1.32

4.22
4.46
5.83
6.09
5.24
4.57
3.46
3.17
3.63
2.95

2001: Sept ..........................
Oct ............................
Nov ...........................
Dec ...........................

544.39
556.04
575.30
582.82

672.89
688.35
715.98
727.67

382.68
371.56
410.05
433.70

339.72
341.51
330.78
325.33

538.01
553.16
577.85
585.47

9,042.56
9,220.75
9,721.82
9,979.88

1,044.64
1,076.59
1,129.68
1,144.93

1,573.31
1,656.43
1,870.06
1,977.71

1.48
1.45
1.38
1.36

2.72
..................
..................
2.15

2002: Jan ...........................
Feb ...........................
Mar ...........................
Apr ...........................
May ..........................
June .........................
July ..........................
Aug ...........................
Sept ..........................

581.74
569.55
600.74
587.58
575.75
544.36
486.11
491.84
471.04

723.56
715.80
751.79
732.71
718.12
677.58
603.04
611.34
589.14

446.13
453.51
490.51
470.00
459.55
449.42
416.10
409.96
388.19

322.49
301.32
316.27
300.57
287.10
265.21
230.19
225.52
210.76

591.94
570.18
609.72
610.24
603.15
577.05
524.01
533.60
506.05

9,923.80
9,891.05
10,500.95
10,165.18
10,080.48
9,492.44
8,616.52
8,685.48
8,160.78

1,140.21
1,100.67
1,153.79
1,112.03
1,079.27
1,014.05
903.59
912.55
867.81

1,976.77
1,799.72
1,863.05
1,758.80
1,660.31
1,505.49
1,346.09
1,327.36
1,251.07

1.38
1.43
1.37
1.42
1.47
1.58
1.76
1.72
1.80

..................
..................
2.15
..................
..................
2.70
..................
..................
..................

Week ended:
2002: Sept 7
14
21
28
Oct 5

480.76
487.39
469.22
453.85
447.86

598.24
609.00
588.41
569.31
561.08

396.57
394.65
385.22
380.74
376.47

217.72
219.26
210.22
200.29
200.76

522.18
524.81
500.18
484.91
477.94

8,361.02
8,479.05
8,137.72
7,819.13
7,706.38

886.12
899.74
864.56
834.99
822.13

1,275.61
1,302.24
1,245.10
1,202.03
1,175.71

1.77
1.73
1.82
1.89
1.91

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

1 Average

......................
......................
......................
......................
......................

of daily closing prices.
all the stocks (nearly 3,000) listed on the NYSE.
3 Dec. 31, 1965=100. Effective April 27, 1993 the NYSE doubled the value of the utility
index to facilitate trading of options and futures on the index. All indexes shown here reflect
the doubling.
4 Includes 30 stocks.
2 Includes

5 Includes

500 stocks.
over 4,000 stocks.
& Poor’s series. Dividend-price ratios based on Wednesday closing prices. Earnings-price ratios based on prices at end of quarter.
6 Includes

7 Standard

Sources: New York Stock Exchange, Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Standard & Poor’s, and
the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc.

31

FEDERAL FINANCE
FEDERAL RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND DEBT
In the first 11 months of fiscal 2002, there was a deficit of $200.2 billion, compared with a surplus of $91.8 billion
a year earlier.

[Billions of dollars]
Total

On-budget

Off-budget

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Receipts

734.1
769.2
854.4
909.3
991.2
1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5
2,025.2
1,991.0
1,867.4

946.4
990.5
1,004.1
1,064.5
1,143.7
1,253.2
1,324.4
1,381.7
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.6
1,701.9
1,788.8
1,863.9
2,032.5

¥212.3
¥221.2
¥149.8
¥155.2
¥152.5
¥221.2
¥269.4
¥290.4
¥255.1
¥203.3
¥164.0
¥107.5
¥22.0
69.2
125.5
236.4
127.1
¥165.1

547.9
569.0
641.0
667.8
727.5
750.3
761.2
788.9
842.5
923.6
1,000.8
1,085.6
1,187.3
1,306.0
1,383.0
1,544.6
1,483.5
1,352.6

769.6
807.0
810.3
861.8
932.8
1,028.1
1,082.7
1,129.3
1,142.9
1,182.5
1,227.2
1,259.7
1,290.7
1,336.0
1,381.2
1,458.1
1,517.1
1,674.9

¥221.7
¥238.0
¥169.3
¥194.0
¥205.2
¥277.8
¥321.6
¥340.5
¥300.5
¥258.9
¥226.4
¥174.1
¥103.4
¥30.0
1.8
86.6
¥33.6
¥322.3

186.2
200.2
213.4
241.5
263.7
281.7
293.9
302.4
311.9
335.0
351.1
367.5
392.0
415.8
444.5
480.6
507.5
514.8

176.8
183.5
193.8
202.7
210.9
225.1
241.7
252.3
266.6
279.4
288.7
300.9
310.6
316.6
320.8
330.8
346.8
357.6

9.4
16.7
19.6
38.8
52.8
56.6
52.2
50.1
45.3
55.7
62.4
66.6
81.4
99.2
123.7
149.8
160.7
157.2

1,817.5
2,120.6
2,346.1
2,601.3
2,868.0
3,206.6
3,598.5
4,002.1
4,351.4
4,643.7
4,921.0
5,181.9
5,369.7
5,478.7
5,606.1
5,629.0
5,770.3
6,182.2

1,507.4
1,740.8
1,889.9
2,051.8
2,191.0
2,411.8
2,689.3
3,000.1
3,248.8
3,433.4
3,604.8
3,734.5
3,772.8
3,721.6
3,632.9
3,410.1
3,320.0
3,528.7

1,832.4
1,660.5

1,740.7
91.8
1,860.7 ¥200.2

1,366.8
1,189.7

1,405.8 ¥39.0
1,547.0 ¥357.4

465.6
470.9

334.8
313.7

130.8
157.2

5,728.1
6,179.5

3,318.0
3,544.9

Fiscal year or period

1985 ...........................................
1986 ...........................................
1987 ...........................................
1988 ...........................................
1989 ...........................................
1990 ...........................................
1991 ...........................................
1992 ...........................................
1993 ...........................................
1994 ...........................................
1995 ...........................................
1996 ...........................................
1997 ...........................................
1998 ...........................................
1999 ...........................................
2000 ...........................................
2001 ..........................................
2002 (estimates) .......................
Cumulative total, first 11
months: 1
Fiscal year 2001 ....................
Fiscal year 2002 ....................

1 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.
NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2001 and 2002 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the United
States Government, Fiscal Year 2003, issued July 15, 2002. Other data (except as noted) are
from Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2003, issued February 4, 2002.

32

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Federal debt (end of
period)

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Gross
Federal

Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

Held by
the public

FEDERAL RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AND
OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION
In the first 11 months of fiscal 2002, receipts were $171.9 billion lower than a year earlier and outlays were $120.0
billion higher.

[Billions of dollars]
On-budget and off-budget receipts

Fiscal year or period
Total

Individual
income
taxes

Corporation
income
taxes

Social
insurance
and
retirement
receipts

On-budget and off-budget outlays
National defense
Other

Total

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................

734.1
769.2
854.4
909.3
991.2

334.5
349.0
392.6
401.2
445.7

61.3
63.1
83.9
94.5
103.3

265.2
283.9
303.3
334.3
359.4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................

1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5

466.9
467.8
476.0
509.7
543.1
590.2
656.4
737.5
828.6
879.5

93.5
98.1
100.3
117.5
140.4
157.0
171.8
182.3
188.7
184.7

380.0
396.0
413.7
428.3
461.5
484.5
509.4
539.4
571.8
611.8

91.5
93.1
101.4
98.9
113.7
120.1
115.4
120.2
132.7
151.5

2,025.2 1,004.5
1,991.0 994.3
1,867.4 873.2

207.3
151.1
144.8

1,832.4
1,660.5

143.6
117.2

2000 ...................................................
2001 ..................................................
2002 (estimates) ...............................
Cumulative total, first 11 months: 1
Fiscal year 2001 ............................
Fiscal year 2002 ............................

913.1
766.6

Total

73.1
946.4
73.2
990.5
74.6 1,004.1
79.3 1,064.5
82.8 1,143.7

InterDepart- nationment of
al
Defense, affairs
military

Health

Medicare

Income Social
security security

Net
interest

Other

252.7
273.4
282.0
290.4
303.6

245.2
265.5
274.0
281.9
294.9

16.2
14.2
11.6
10.5
9.6

33.5
35.9
40.0
44.5
48.4

65.8
70.2
75.1
78.9
85.0

129.0
120.6
124.1
130.4
137.4

188.6
198.8
207.4
219.3
232.5

129.5
136.0
138.7
151.8
169.0

131.0
141.4
125.3
138.7
158.2

1,253.2
1,324.4
1,381.7
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.6
1,701.9

299.3
273.3
298.4
291.1
281.6
272.1
265.8
270.5
268.5
274.9

289.8
262.4
286.9
278.6
268.6
259.4
253.2
258.3
256.1
261.4

13.8
15.9
16.1
17.2
17.1
16.4
13.5
15.2
13.1
15.2

57.7
71.2
89.5
99.4
107.1
115.4
119.4
123.8
131.4
141.1

98.1
104.5
119.0
130.6
144.7
159.9
174.2
190.0
192.8
190.4

148.7
172.4
199.5
209.9
217.1
223.7
229.7
234.9
237.7
242.4

248.6
269.0
287.6
304.6
319.6
335.8
349.7
365.3
379.2
390.0

184.4
194.5
199.4
198.7
203.0
232.2
241.1
244.0
241.2
229.8

202.6
223.7
172.2
158.0
171.7
160.3
167.3
157.5
188.8
218.1

652.9
694.0
702.9

160.6 1,788.8
151.6 1,863.9
146.5 2,032.5

294.5
305.5
353.4

281.2
291.0
335.8

17.2
16.5
24.8

154.5
172.3
197.1

197.1
217.4
226.4

253.5
269.6
313.7

409.4
433.0
456.4

223.0
206.2
171.4

239.5
243.4
289.3

637.8
643.3

138.0 1,740.7
133.4 1,860.7

280.5
319.2

268.1
305.0

15.2
21.4

157.8
179.4

199.2
214.8

252.9
291.2

425.2
418.0

197.0
165.6

212.9
251.1

1 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.
NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2001 and 2002 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the United
States Government, FY 2003, issued July 15, 2002. Other data (except as noted) are from
Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2003, issued February 4, 2002.

Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

33

FEDERAL SECTOR, NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTS BASIS
In the second quarter of 2002, according to revised estimates, Federal current receipts rose $4.3 billion (annual
rate), while Federal current expenditures rose $48.8 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Federal Government current receipts

Total

Personal
tax and
nontax
receipts

Corporate
profits
tax accruals

Indirect
business
tax and
nontax
accruals

1,121.3
1,197.3
1,293.7
1,383.7
1,499.1
1,625.5
1,749.7
1,867.2
2,033.9
2,008.4
1,823.2
1,847.1
1,876.3
1,922.4
2,009.6
2,022.9
2,049.1
2,054.1
2,072.9
2,072.3
1,896.0
1,992.3
r 1,884.7
1,889.0

479.4
509.9
547.8
591.8
670.0
751.9
834.9
903.3
1,009.0
1,010.9
875.0
891.2
911.2
935.8
984.5
997.2
1,020.5
1,033.6
1,057.9
1,059.8
900.4
1,025.5
r 874.8
861.9

118.8
138.5
156.7
179.3
190.6
203.0
204.2
213.0
223.8
170.2
208.9
211.4
211.7
219.9
233.7
230.5
222.1
208.9
186.9
183.2
168.0
142.9
170.5
180.2

81.3
85.3
95.2
93.0
95.1
93.7
97.4
100.2
109.1
110.3
97.5
98.2
100.8
104.4
107.0
109.5
109.8
110.1
112.3
112.2
109.5
107.3
108.4
110.2

Period

Calendar year:
1992 ..............................
1993 ..............................
1994 ..............................
1995 ..............................
1996 ..............................
1997 ..............................
1998 ..............................
1999 ..............................
2000 ..............................
2001 ..............................
1999: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................
2000: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................
2001: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................
2002: I .............................
II r ..........................
NOTE.—See Note, p. 5.

34

Federal Government current expenditures

Contributions
for
social
insurance

441.8
463.7
493.9
519.6
543.3
577.0
613.1
650.7
692.1
716.9
641.8
646.3
652.6
662.2
684.5
685.7
696.6
701.5
715.8
717.1
718.1
716.6
r 731.1
736.7

Total

1,418.9
1,471.5
1,506.0
1,575.7
1,635.9
1,678.8
1,705.9
1,755.3
1,827.1
1,936.4
1,734.5
1,734.2
1,758.9
1,793.6
1,786.4
1,825.7
1,835.9
1,860.3
1,899.1
1,927.8
1,947.7
1,971.0
2,030.5
2,079.3

Consumption
expenditures

Transfer
payments

Grantsin-aid
to
State
and
local
governments

445.8
442.6
439.7
439.2
445.3
456.9
453.1
471.6
493.3
528.4
465.5
461.6
473.4
486.0
480.0
501.3
494.2
497.7
517.3
524.9
527.9
543.6
566.3
581.0

565.2
597.9
618.6
652.1
691.6
717.5
730.6
745.8
779.5
842.2
739.1
743.2
743.9
756.9
758.5
774.6
781.3
803.5
816.3
832.2
849.3
870.9
916.9
927.6

149.1
162.6
174.5
184.5
190.4
196.8
210.3
231.0
247.5
277.4
224.9
222.2
234.9
242.0
239.4
242.2
253.8
254.6
266.8
281.9
271.4
289.4
292.3
309.6

Net
interest
paid

Subsidies less
current
surplus
of
Government
enterprises

Less:
Wage
accruals less
disbursements

229.2
230.2
239.6
267.5
273.6
276.2
278.5
263.8
263.0
238.1
265.3
264.2
262.1
263.7
264.2
264.1
263.0
260.5
254.1
243.1
233.6
221.6
208.5
214.9

29.6
38.2
33.6
32.4
35.1
31.5
33.4
43.0
43.8
50.3
39.6
42.8
44.6
44.9
44.2
43.5
43.6
44.0
44.6
45.6
65.5
45.5
46.6
46.3

0.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Current
surplus
or
deficit
(¥),
national
income
and
product
accounts

¥297.5
¥274.1
¥212.3
¥192.0
¥136.8
¥53.3
43.8
111.9
206.9
72.0
88.7
112.9
117.4
128.8
223.2
197.2
213.2
193.8
173.8
144.4
¥51.7
21.3
r¥145.8
¥190.3

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMER PRICES—MAJOR
INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES
Industrial production (1992=100; seasonally adjusted)
Period

United
States

1992 .....................................
1993 .....................................
1994 .....................................
1995 .....................................
1996 .....................................
1997 .....................................
1998 .....................................
1999 .....................................
2000 .....................................
2001 .....................................
2001: July r ........................
Aug r .........................
Sept r ........................
Oct r ..........................
Nov r ........................
Dec r .........................
2002: Jan r .........................
Feb r .........................
Mar r .........................
Apr r .........................
May r ........................
June r .......................
July r ........................
Aug p .........................
1 Data

Canada

Japan

100.0
100.0
103.4
104.8
109.1
111.4
114.4
116.5
119.6
117.9
127.9
124.5
r 128.9
134.5
r 135.5
139.4
r 143.1
145.7
r 138.3
140.1
140.4
137.4
140.0
137.9
138.5
135.1
137.7
135.4
137.2
135.6
136.7
134.5
137.6
137.1
138.1
139.0
138.6
139.0
138.8
140.9
139.4
140.0
140.3
139.9
140.9
141.9
140.5 ..............

France

Germany

Consumer prices (1982–84=100; NSA)
United
Kingdom

Italy

United
States 1

100.0 100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
96.5
96.2
92.0
97.9
102.2
97.8 100.4
94.9
103.9
107.7
100.9 102.8
95.7
109.2
109.5
103.3 103.7
96.4
107.1
111.0
107.0 r 107.7
99.9
111.1
112.2
99.9 r 113.3
104.1
112.3
113.3
r 105.7
100.8 115.5
112.3
114.1
r 112.2
106.5 r 119.6
117.7
116.0
r 112.8
r 113.5
98.7 r 120.6
116.3
97.8 121.5
111.9
116.5
113.3
96.9 121.5
113.7
117.2
113.9
94.7 121.0
112.3
116.2
112.5
94.5 119.5
110.5
115.9
111.0
92.5 119.5
109.7
113.0
110.5
93.0 118.7
109.8
114.8
110.4
93.2 119.3
110.9
115.1
109.3
93.9 119.6
110.6
115.1
109.2
94.5 120.3
110.8
114.3
109.3
94.8 120.6
110.7
113.2
110.4
98.6 120.3
109.3
115.1
111.6
98.4 120.7
111.5
113.9
106.8
98.8 119.4
110.4
114.5
110.4
100.0 ............ .............. .............. ..............

relate to all urban consumers.

140.3
144.5
148.2
152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6
172.2
177.1
177.5
177.5
178.3
177.7
177.4
176.7
177.1
177.8
178.8
179.8
179.8
179.9
180.1
180.7

Canada

Japan

145.3
147.9
148.2
151.4
153.8
156.3
157.8
160.5
164.9
169.1
170.1
170.1
170.6
169.7
168.2
168.4
168.8
169.8
171.0
172.0
172.3
172.9
173.8
174.5

Germany

117.0
118.5
119.3
119.2
119.3
121.5
122.2
121.8
121.0
120.1
119.8
120.3
120.0
120.0
119.4
119.3
119.0
118.4
118.7
119.0
119.4
119.3
118.8
119.2

Italy

122.2
127.6
131.1
133.4
135.2
137.8
139.1
139.9
142.6
146.2
147.0
146.7
146.7
146.3
146.0
146.2
147.5
147.9
148.2
148.3
148.3
148.2
148.4
148.3

France

179.5
187.7
195.3
205.6
213.8
218.2
222.5
226.2
231.9
238.3
239.1
239.1
239.1
239.5
240.0
240.2
241.4
242.4
242.6
243.5
243.9
244.1
244.5
244.9

140.4
143.4
145.8
148.4
151.4
153.2
154.2
155.0
157.6
160.2
160.7
160.7
161.0
161.1
160.7
160.8
161.6
161.8
162.5
163.1
163.3
163.3
163.3
163.6

United
Kingdom

162.7
165.3
169.3
175.2
179.4
185.1
191.4
194.3
200.1
203.6
203.6
204.4
205.1
204.8
204.0
203.7
203.6
204.2
205.0
206.4
207.0
207.0
206.7
207.3

Source: National sources as reported by Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic
Analysis and International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Economic Analysis).

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
[Billions of dollars; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Goods: Exports (f.a.s. value)

Goods: Imports (customs value)

Census basis (by end-use category)

Services
(BOP basis)

Balance of trade
(exports minus imports)

Census basis (by end-use category)
BOP basis

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

BOP
basis

Total,
Census
basis 1

Auto- ConIndusmo- sumer
Foods, trial Capital tive goods
feeds,
supgoods vehi- (nonand
plies except cles, food)
bevand
auto- parts except
erages mate- motive and autorials
enmogines tive

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................

439.6
456.9
502.9
575.2
612.1
678.4
670.4
684.0
772.0
718.8

448.2
465.1
512.6
584.7
625.1
689.2
682.1
695.8
781.9
729.1

40.3
40.6
42.0
50.5
55.5
51.5
46.4
46.0
47.9
49.4

109.1
111.8
121.4
146.2
147.7
158.2
148.3
147.5
172.6
160.1

175.9
181.7
205.0
233.0
253.0
294.5
299.4
310.8
356.9
321.7

47.0
52.4
57.8
61.8
65.0
74.0
72.4
75.3
80.4
75.4

2001: July ........
Aug .......
Sept ......
Oct .......
Nov ......
Dec ......
2002: Jan .......
Feb .......
Mar .......
Apr ........
May ......
June r ....
July p .....

58.6
58.9
55.7
56.4
56.0
55.0
55.0
54.7
55.0
56.8
57.3
58.2
59.1

59.6
59.7
56.6
57.3
56.9
55.9
55.7
55.5
56.0
57.7
58.3
59.1
60.1

4.0
4.2
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.1
4.2
4.3
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.3
4.3

12.9
13.1
12.2
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.3
13.1
13.3
13.3
13.2

26.1
25.7
24.3
24.4
24.3
23.5
23.7
23.3
24.1
24.1
24.3
25.1
25.3

6.4
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.0
6.0
6.2
6.2
6.7
6.8
6.7
7.1

BOP
basis

51.4 536.5
54.7 589.4
60.0 668.7
64.4 749.4
70.1 803.1
77.4 876.5
80.3 917.1
80.9 1,030.0
89.4 1,224.4
88.3 1,145.9
7.3
7.1
7.0
7.1
6.9
7.1
7.0
6.9
6.7
7.1
6.9
7.1
7.3

94.2
93.4
91.4
91.4
90.1
86.5
88.5
91.0
91.6
97.0
99.0
98.9
98.0

IndusAutoFoods, trial Capital motive
Total, feeds, supgoods vehiCensus and
plies except cles,
basis 1
bevand
auto- parts
erages mate- motive and enrials
gines

Consumer
goods
(nonfood)
except
automotive

Exports

Imports

Goods,
Census
basis

Goods

Services

Goods
and
services

532.7
580.7
663.3
743.5
795.3
869.7
911.9
1,024.6
1,218.0
1,141.0

27.6
27.9
31.0
33.2
35.7
39.7
41.2
43.6
46.0
46.6

138.6
145.6
162.1
181.8
204.5
213.8
200.1
221.4
299.0
273.9

134.3
152.4
184.4
221.4
228.1
253.3
269.5
295.7
347.0
298.0

91.8
102.4
118.3
123.8
128.9
139.8
148.7
179.0
195.9
189.8

122.7
134.0
146.3
159.9
172.0
193.8
217.0
241.9
281.8
284.3

176.9
185.9
201.0
219.2
240.0
256.6
262.3
273.2
292.2
279.3

116.5
122.3
131.9
141.4
150.9
166.3
182.5
189.4
218.5
210.4

¥84.5
¥115.6
¥150.6
¥158.8
¥170.2
¥180.5
¥229.8
¥328.8
¥436.1
¥411.9

¥96.9
¥132.5
¥165.8
¥174.2
¥191.0
¥198.1
¥246.7
¥346.0
¥452.4
¥427.2

60.4
63.7
69.2
77.8
89.2
90.4
79.8
83.8
73.7
68.9

¥36.5
¥68.8
¥96.7
¥96.4
¥101.8
¥107.8
¥166.9
¥262.2
¥378.7
¥358.3

94.0
93.2
91.2
91.2
89.9
86.4
88.2
90.8
91.3
96.7
98.7
98.6
97.7

4.0
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.2

22.4
22.1
21.7
21.0
19.6
18.3
18.9
19.0
19.9
22.8
23.1
22.5
22.7

23.9
23.6
22.5
22.8
22.8
22.5
22.9
23.1
23.4
23.8
24.1
24.2
23.9

16.0
16.2
15.7
15.6
15.8
15.5
15.3
16.4
16.0
17.0
17.7
17.2
17.3

23.6
23.4
23.4
23.8
23.6
22.2
23.2
24.4
23.7
25.0
25.6
26.1
25.6

23.6
24.2
21.3
21.2
21.9
22.5
r 22.5
r 22.7
23.4
r 23.5
r 23.7
23.9
24.1

18.8
19.1
5.1
17.0
17.7
18.2
r 18.9
19.4
r 19.4
r 19.3
r 19.7
20.0
19.8

¥34.4
¥33.5
¥34.6
¥33.9
¥33.0
¥30.5
¥32.5
¥35.2
¥35.3
¥39.0
¥40.4
¥39.5
¥37.6

¥35.6
¥34.5
¥35.7
¥35.0
¥34.1
¥31.5
¥33.5
¥36.4
¥36.6
¥40.1
¥41.7
¥40.6
¥38.8

4.8
5.0
16.2
4.2
4.2
4.3
r 3.6
r 3.2
4.1
r 4.2
r 4.0
3.9
4.3

¥30.8
¥29.5
¥19.5
¥30.8
¥29.9
¥27.3
r ¥29.8
r ¥33.1
r ¥32.6
r ¥36.0
r ¥37.7
¥36.8
¥34.6

1 Total includes ‘‘other’’ exports or imports, not shown separately.
NOTE.—BOP refers to balance of payments on international transactions basis. BOP data
shown here are consistent with figures shown on pp. 36 and 37.

Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Economic Analysis).

35

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS
In the second quarter of 2002, the goods deficit rose to $122.6 billion, from $106.4 billion in the first quarter.
The current account deficit rose to $130.0 billion in the second quarter, from $112.5 billion in the first quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Goods 1

Period
Exports

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

Imports

439,631 ¥536,528
456,943 ¥589,394
502,859 ¥668,690
575,204 ¥749,374
612,113 ¥803,113
678,366 ¥876,485
670,416 ¥917,112
683,965 ¥1,029,987
771,994 ¥1,224,417
718,762 ¥1,145,927

Services

Balance
on
goods

Net
military
transactions 2 3

¥96,897 ¥1,448
¥132,451
1,385
¥165,831
2,570
¥174,170
4,600
¥191,000
5,385
¥198,119
4,968
¥246,696
5,220
¥346,022
2,470
¥452,423
421
¥427,165 ¥2,978

Net
travel
and
transportation
19,969
19,714
16,305
21,772
25,015
22,152
10,145
7,113
2,472
¥1,926

Income receipts and payments

Other
services,
net

Balance
on
goods
and
services

Receipts

Payments

Balance
on
income

Unilateral
current
transfers,
net 4

Balance
on
current
account

¥36,457
¥68,791
¥96,678
¥96,388
¥101,843
¥107,765
¥166,933
¥262,237
¥378,681
¥358,290

132,056
134,159
165,438
211,502
225,846
260,558
259,366
290,536
352,997
283,771

¥109,101
¥110,255
¥148,744
¥186,880
¥201,743
¥240,371
¥251,751
¥272,398
¥331,215
¥269,389

22,954
23,904
16,694
24,622
24,103
20,187
7,615
18,138
21,782
14,382

¥35,013
¥37,637
¥38,260
¥34,057
¥40,081
¥40,794
¥44,509
¥48,757
¥53,442
¥49,463

¥48,515
¥82,523
¥118,244
¥105,823
¥117,821
¥128,372
¥203,827
¥292,856
¥410,341
¥393,371

18,532 ¥87,172
18,345 ¥91,927
17,042 ¥98,326
16,931 ¥101,258

84,083
90,183
88,129
90,603

¥79,260
¥83,994
¥84,055
¥83,909

4,823
6,189
4,074
6,694

¥11,749
¥12,349
¥12,925
¥16,418

¥94,098
¥98,087
¥107,177
¥110,982

41,918
42,562
50,278
51,410
58,757
63,234
64,398
74,202
70,849
73,779

2000: I ..............
II .............
III ...........
IV ...........

184,486
191,411
199,641
196,456

¥290,941
¥303,581
¥314,779
¥315,116

¥106,455
¥112,170
¥115,138
¥118,660

¥74
412
¥199
282

825
1,486
¥31
189

2001: I ..............
II .............
III ...........
IV ...........

193,284
184,846
173,274
167,358

¥306,316
¥292,565
¥279,025
¥268,021

¥113,032
¥742
¥107,719
¥285
¥105,751
¥706
¥100,663 ¥1,245

903
¥1,219
¥255
¥1,357

15,711
15,899
26,934
15,237

¥97,160
¥93,324
¥79,778
¥88,028

83,036
74,846
67,152
58,737

¥81,990
¥68,840
¥66,345
¥52,216

1,046
6,006
807
6,521

¥11,608
¥11,916
¥12,360
¥13,579

¥107,722
¥99,234
¥91,331
¥95,086

2002: I r .............
II p ...........

164,649
172,676

¥271,073
¥295,316

¥106,424 ¥1,498
¥122,640 ¥1,633

¥544
¥1,119

12,974 ¥95,492
14,779 ¥110,613

58,096
60,607

¥59,042
¥66,893

¥946
¥6,286

¥16,016
¥13,060

¥112,454
¥129,959

1 Adjusted

from Census data for differences in timing and coverage; excludes military.
under U.S. military agency sales contracts (exports) minus direct defense expenditures (imports).
2 Transfers

36

3 Quarterly

data are not seasonally adjusted.
4 Includes transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs.
See p. 37 for continuation of table.

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS—Continued
In the financial account, U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks increased $72.7 billion in the second
quarter of 2002, in contrast to a decrease of $0.7 billion in the first quarter. U.S. liabilities to private foreigners
reported by U.S. banks, excluding Treasury securities, increased $34.9 billion in the second quarter, in contrast
to a decrease of $11.1 billion in the first quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Financial account

Period

Capital
account
transactions,
net 3

U.S.-owned assets abroad, net
[increase/financial outflow (¥)]

Total

U.S.
official
reserve
assets 3 5

Other U.S.
Government
assets 3

Statistical discrepancy
Foreign-owned assets in the U.S., net
[increase/financial inflow (+)]

U.S.
private
assets

Total

Foreign
official
assets 3

Other
foreign
assets

Total (sum
of the items
with sign
reversed)

Of which:
Seasonal
adjustment
discrepancy

U.S. official
reserve
assets, net 5
(unadjusted,
end of
period)

...................................
...................................
...................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

612
¥88
¥469
372
693
350
704
¥3,340
837
826

¥74,410
¥200,552
¥176,056
¥352,376
¥413,923
¥487,599
¥359,760
¥477,569
¥606,489
¥370,962

3,901
¥1,379
5,346
¥9,742
6,668
¥1,010
¥6,783
8,747
¥290
¥4,911

¥1,667
¥351
¥390
¥984
¥989
68
¥422
2,750
¥941
¥486

¥76,644
¥198,822
¥181,012
¥341,650
¥419,602
¥486,657
¥352,555
¥489,066
¥605,258
¥365,565

170,663
282,040
305,989
438,562
551,096
706,809
423,569
742,479
1,015,986
752,806

40,477
71,753
39,583
109,880
126,724
19,036
¥19,903
43,666
37,640
5,224

130,186
210,287
266,406
328,682
424,372
687,773
443,472
698,813
978,346
747,582

¥48,350
1,123
¥11,220
19,265
¥20,045
¥91,188
139,314
31,286
7
10,701

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

71,323
73,442
74,335
85,832
75,089
69,954
81,761
71,516
67,647
68,654

2000: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2001: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2002: I r ............................
II p ..........................

210
206
207
214
208
207
206
205
208
200

¥228,888
¥110,470
¥93,029
¥174,104
¥215,815
¥80,036
24,978
¥100,088
¥25,918
¥140,833

¥554
2,020
¥346
¥1,410
190
¥1,343
¥3,559
¥199
390
¥1,843

¥127
¥570
114
¥358
77
¥783
77
143
133
12

¥228,207
¥111,920
¥92,797
¥172,336
¥216,082
¥77,910
28,460
¥100,032
¥26,441
¥139,002

240,723
245,787
244,933
284,544
302,510
181,610
17,889
250,797
113,496
221,213

22,711
6,563
12,904
¥4,538
4,087
¥20,831
16,882
5,086
7,641
47,062

218,012
239,224
232,029
289,082
298,423
202,441
1,007
245,711
105,855
174,151

82,053
¥37,436
¥44,934
328
20,819
¥2,547
48,258
¥55,828
24,668
49,379

7,951
¥838
¥10,675
3,566
7,691
875
¥10,286
1,721
10,019
827

70,789
67,955
66,256
67,647
64,222
64,847
70,963
68,654
67,574
74,696

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

5 Consists of gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), foreign currencies, and the U.S. reserve
position in the IMF.

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis) and Department of the
Treasury.

37

Contents
Page

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
Gross Domestic Product ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Domestic Product ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Implicit Price Deflators for Gross Domestic Product ..............................................................................................................................................
Gross Domestic Product and Related Price Measures: Indexes and Percent Changes ..............................................................................................
Nonfinancial Corporate Business—Output, Price, Costs, and Profits ......................................................................................................................
National Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Personal Consumption Expenditures ...............................................................................................................................................................
Sources of Personal Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................
Disposition of Personal Income ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Farm Income ............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Corporate Profits ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Private Domestic Investment ................................................................................................................................................................
Real Private Fixed Investment by Type ..................................................................................................................................................................
Business Investment ................................................................................................................................................................................................

1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
Status of the Labor Force .........................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Unemployment Rates ................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Measures of Unemployment and Unemployment Insurance Programs ......................................................................................................
Nonagricultural Employment ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Average Weekly Hours, Hourly Earnings, and Weekly Earnings—Private Nonagricultural Industries .................................................................
Employment Cost Index—Private Industry .............................................................................................................................................................
Productivity and Related Data, Business Sector ......................................................................................................................................................

11
12
13
14
15
15
16

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization .......................................................................................................................................................
Industrial Production—Major Market Groups and Selected Manufactures ..............................................................................................................
New Construction ....................................................................................................................................................................................................
New Private Housing and Vacancy Rates ...............................................................................................................................................................
Business Sales and Inventories—Manufacturing and Trade .....................................................................................................................................
Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders .................................................................................................................................................

17
18
19
19
20
21

PRICES
Producer Prices ........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers ................................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Producer Prices for Finished Goods ......................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers .............................................................................................................................................
Prices Received and Paid by Farmers ......................................................................................................................................................................

22
23
24
24
25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
Money Stock and Debt Measures .............................................................................................................................................................................
Components of Money Stock ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregate Reserves and Monetary Base ...................................................................................................................................................................
Bank Credit at All Commercial Banks ....................................................................................................................................................................
Sources and Uses of Funds, Nonfarm Nonfinancial Corporate Business ..................................................................................................................
Consumer Credit ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Interest Rates and Bond Yields ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Common Stock Prices and Yields ............................................................................................................................................................................

26
27
27
28
29
29
30
31

FEDERAL FINANCE
Federal Receipts, Outlays, and Debt .......................................................................................................................................................................
Federal Receipts by Source and Outlays by Function ..............................................................................................................................................
Federal Sector, National Income Accounts Basis .....................................................................................................................................................

32
33
34

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
Industrial Production and Consumer Prices—Major Industrial Countries ...............................................................................................................
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services ......................................................................................................................................................
U.S. International Transactions ................................................................................................................................................................................

35
35
36

General Notes
Detail in these tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Unless otherwise noted, all dollar figures are in current dollars.
Symbols used:
p Preliminary.
r Revised.
c Corrected.
… Not available (also, not applicable).
NSA not seasonally adjusted.

38

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