View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS SIXTH FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICT  Research Department Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia Revised February 1966   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS of the SIXTH FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICT  Research Department  Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia  February 1966  Table of Contents  Pages  Sources of Personal Income...Employment...Population...State and Local Government Revenue and Expendi­ ture.. .Payroll and Procurement Data...Farming Statistics...Trade and Commerce...of the SIXTH FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICT........................................................................................................................................................  2-18  Civilian Labor Force... Manufacturing Employment ... Population ... State and Local Government Revenue and Expenditure ... Banking Data...Trade and Services ... Farming Statistics ... of ALABAMA........................................................................................................................................................................... FLORIDA............................................................................................................................................................................ GEORGIA............................................................................................................................................. LOUISIANA............................................................................................................................................................... MISSISSIPPI ........................................................................................................................................................................ TENNESSEE .......................................................................................................................................................................  19-28 29-38 39-48 49-58 59-68 69-78  Sources of Data  79-80   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Introduction  In analyzing the mutual relationship between economic developments and monetary and credit policy, the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta must continuously depend upon economic information drawn from all parts of the Sixth Federal Reserve District. Local economic changes can be better understood if we have a knowledge of the basic economic structures of the local areas. The following statistics, which are intended to depict local area economic structures, arise as a by-product of the normal activity of the Research Department. The Sixth Federal Reserve District includes Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The latest available data are presented by trade and banking area -- a region having homogeneous characteristics — and by Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area — a county or a group of adjoining counties within a trade and banking area having common social and economic characteristics and containing one city of 50,000 persons or more and a total population of 100,000 or more. If a trade and banking area does not contain an SMSA, data for a major county within the area are presented. Maps of the District and its states depict these trade and banking areas and SMSA’s, and short descriptive paragraphs discuss each area.  Unless otherwise indicated, data cover entire states. In many cases, figures may not equal totals because of rounding. Area totals may not add to state totals because some counties outside a given state are included in a trade and banking area that overlaps state boundaries.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  The SIXTH FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICT states—Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and parts of Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee—are served by the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta and its branches in Birmingham, Jacksonville, Nashville, and New Orleans. All Sixth District states are included among the eleven Southeastern states usually referred to as the “South.” The District is moderately well populated. Florida is the nation’s tenth largest state, and the other states generally fall in the mid-range of state populations. The largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area is Atlanta, followed closely by Miami and New Orleans. The three SMSA’s classify as 24, 25, and 28, respectively, in the nation. New Orleans, the area’s largest city, ranked fifteenth among the nation’s cities in 1960. Population growth in the District states has twice exceeded that of the nation as a whole, once in the 1930’s during the depression when industrial workers returned to the farms and again in the 1950’s. Population growth trends in the 50’s varied widely among the six states: Florida was the nation’s fastest growing state, while Mississippi showed virtually no population change. In recent years the percent of urban population has in­ creased considerably, but the area still remains below the national average. Since the end of World War II, several agricultural enterprises have grown significantly. Although cotton was still “King” in 1964, supply­ ing the major portion of cash farm receipts, its relative importance has diminished. Broiler and egg production have expanded very sharply, and the District states now account for over one-fifth of the nation’s output. Likewise, the region now claims over two-thirds of the nation’s citrus production, two-fifths of the peanut output, and growing shares of tobacco, truck crops, soybeans, dairy products, and cattle and calves. In 1964, Georgia had more cash receipts from broilers, peanuts, and forest products than any other state. Florida led orange and grapefruit production. Mississippi ranked second in cotton lint and seed income, while Georgia was number two in cash receipts from egg sales.  Expansion in cash incomes has occurred despite greatly reduced farm employment. Today, the number of persons employed on farms is about one-half the total of the late 1940’s. They now account for 12 percent of the region’s total labor force. Meanwhile, farms expanded to an average of 176 acres per farm in 1965, and average investment per farm now approaches $33,000. Manufacturing in the six states developed later than in many other areas of the country. However, since World War II, it has grown faster than the nation. Much of the manufacturing centers around the District’s natural resources. The presence of cotton aided the development of textiles, one of the region’s oldest industries. The apparel industry records the greatest number of manufacturing employees. A large food processing industry, supported by agriculture, is second in manufacturing jobs. Abundant forests underpin the lumber industry and aid the fast growth of the paper industry.  Traditionally, the area’s manufacturing has consisted of low-wage industries with low capital requirements. There are some hopeful signs of change, however. The area has a greater percentage of its manufacturing workforce in the high-wage chemical industry than does the country. And transportation equipment has been the area’s fastest growing industry in the last few years. Industrial development agencies, recently established in all six states, aid the growth of industry. Over half the mining jobs in the District are in Louisiana and are mainly connected with oil and gas production along the Gulf Coast. Bi­ tuminous coal mining jobs have decreased since the war, with only about 7,500 jobs remaining in the six states. National defense serves as one of the District’s largest “industries”; about 373,000 persons either serve on active military duty or civilian payrolls of the Defense Department. Although only 12 percent of the nation’s population resides in the six states, 16 percent of active military personnel are there. Many other people have jobs which support the defense establishment and its personnel.  The District has an abundant supply of water. The Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers provide navigation, irrigation, and electrical power. Five of the six states have major seaports. Surface water in the panhandle of Florida is the purest in the nation.   2 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Sixth Federal Reserve District District Boundaries Trade and Banking Areas  SMSA Areas  0  SOURCES OF PERSONAL INCOME, 1964 (Millions of Dollars) Alabama!M  Total Personal Income Wage and Salary Disbursements Farms Mining Construction Manufacturing Trade Finance Transportation Communication and public utilities Services Government Federal, civilian Federal, military State and local Other industries  4,0^^  r  Florida ~ 12,841  Georgia  Louisiana  Mississippi  Tennessee  Six States  8,345  6,510  3,328  7,061  44,044  2,003 48 31 126 553 331 80 77 66 195 486 112 110 264  4,855 39 30 260 1,689 870 223 234 94 491 922 272 104 546  29,111 352 488 1,895 7*270 5,513 1,459 1,442 830 3,252 6,504 1,774 1,428 3,302  9  4  106  29 49 232 1,257 641 174 172 117 410 1,010 444 139 426  7,899 130 49 652 1,207 1,766 495 376 228 1,142 1,813 383 458 972  5,902 59 26 291 1,694 1,111 299 303 173 512 1,402 400 454 549  6  41  31  4,354 47 303 334 870 794 188 280 152 502 871 163 163 545 15  Other labor income  176  247  202  203  83  198  1,109  Proprietors’ Income Farm  Nonfarm Property income  739 251 488 589  1,594 447 1,147  973 264 710  748 207 540  830 257 573  5,580 1,789 3,791  2,182  865  781  696 363 333 320  784  5,521  Transfer payments  535  1,204  614  581  318  572  3,824  Less: Personal contributions for social insurance  178  286  211  156  93  178  1,102   4 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  EMPLOYMENT, 1964 Average Number Employed (Thousands)  Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mi ssi ssippi  Tennessee  969  1,650  1,333  990  661  1,269  6,872  Agricultural  130  120  152  133  201  224  960  Nonagricultural Establishments-'  839  1,530  1,181  857  460  1,045  5,912  258  238  140  361  1,528  41  13 21 13 3 15 19 25 14 18  377 46 99 58 35 13 6 12 11 35 21 11  154  24 36 35 23 8 46 13 10 13 13 6  5 8 5 3  32 31 57 37 15 16 19 48 8 10 16  193 171 202 165 61 75 67 110 100 78 60  581  1,292  804  704  320  684  4,385  9 48 161 174 66 107 49 106 35  10 128 409 275 59 216 107 268 95  6 66 248 211 67 143 79 137 58  46 67 189 163 27 136 82 117 39  6 27 90 100 20 78 27 54 16  7 55 208 173 41 132 56 141 45  84 391 1,305 1,096 280 812 400 823 288  Total  Manufacturing  Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel and related products Lumber and furniture Stone, clay, and glass Primary metals Fabricated metals Chemicals and allied products Transportation equipment Paper and allied products Printing and publishing Nonmanufacturing  Mining Construction Trade Government Federal State and local Transportation, comm., and public utilities Service Finance, ins., and real estate  3/  33 37  6 18 7 4 8 17 11 15 6  17 5 33 31 5 JJ 3/  Six States  1J Categories not shown separately excluded from six-state total. 2J  Proprietors, self-employed persons, domestic servants, unpaid family workers, and personnel of armed forces excluded.  3J Not available separately.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  MANUFACTURING EMPLUYMENT, 1963  (1,000)  Six-State Employees as Percent of U. S.  1,426  8.4  100.0  6,559  14,191  1,018  27,945  155 63 68 39 47 10 94 103 182 167 188 53 97 135  15.8 5.7 6.2 2.7 3.2 1.4 5.8 6.8 11.1 19.3 14.5 5.8 13.0 8.7  10.9 4.4 4.8 2.8 3.3 0.7 6.6 7.2 12.7 11.7 13.2 3.7 6.8 9.5  491 401 340 205 255 43 599 530 756 590 531 275 619 752  870 836 643 432 549 93 1,067 1,137 2,009 1,076 958 512 2,120 1,783  71 78 35 20 29 8 37 60 127 69 22 31 276 153  8,508 337 1,721 1,560 465 167 768 2,884 4,068 721 1,482 2,930 1,266 1,032  Total Employment  Total27  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  Percent Change Percent of Capital Total 1963 from 1958 Total Payrolls Value Added Manufacturing ($ Millions) ($ Millions) Expenditures 1/ Establishments Em­ Value ($ Millions) (Humber) Employment ployees Added  ly Includes expenditures for both plants in operation and plants under construction but not in operation.  2j  The sum of the industry figures does not equal the total, because data for some industries are not avail able for all states.   6 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  + 14.7 + 48.4  + 0.8 + 9.2 + 18.7 + 33.4 + 79.3 + 60.6 + 24.7 + 40.4 + 6.2 - 2.1 + 38.9 + 12.8 + 8.0 + 10.9  + 30.4 + 18.6 + 44.7 + 85.5 + 106.5 + 94.8 + 84.0 + 76.8 + 38.1 + 34.1 + 80.5 + 32.6 + 51.3 + 35.7  DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS, 1960 Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mi ssi ssippi  Tennessee  Six States  3,267  4,952  3,943  3,257  2,178  3,567  21,164  1,795 1,069 403  3,662 1,185 105  2,180 1,356 407  2,061 963 233  821 814 543  1,865 1,115 587  12,384 6,502 2,278  30.1  17.9  28.6  32.1  42.3  16.5  27.9  9.1  10.9  9.0  8.8  8.9  8.8  9.3  852  1,102  1,017  869  613  863  5,316  1,153  1,887  1,516  1,092  743  1,314  7,705  White collar Professional, technical, and kindred Clerical and kindred Managers, officials, and proprietors Sales workers  33.7 9.0 10.6 7.7 6.4  42.4 10.2 13.0 11.1 8.1  35.1 8.5 11.7 8.3 6.6  37.8 10.2 11.9 9.1 6.6  29.3 8.1 8.3 7.5 5.4  34.8 9.2 11.4 7.3 6.9  36.5 9.3 11.5 8.8 6.9  Blue collar Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred Operatives and kindred  33.4 13.1 20.3  25.9 13.5 12.4  32.9 11.6 21.3  28.8 12.4 16.4  28.0 10.4 17.6  33.1 12.4 20.7  30.2 12.4 17.8  9.1 6.3 7.7 7.1 2.7  5.2 4.5 9.9 5.8 6.2  8.2 6.3 7.7 6.2 3.5  6.2 6.1 9.4 7.5 4.3  20.1 7.0 7.0 6.1 2.5  10.3 4.1 7.9 5.4 4.5  8.8 5.5 8.5 6.3 4.2  1,066  1,720  1,385  1,008  683  1,222  7,084  Total Population (Thousands)  Urban Rural nonfarm Rural farm  Percent nonwhite Median school years completed (25 yrs. of age & over) Total school enrollment  Population working (labor force) Percentage Distribution of Total Employed  Farm Private household workers Service workers Laborers Occupation not reported Total Employed (Thousands)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  i  STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Fiscal Year  DOLLARS PER CAPITA Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mi ssissippi  Tennessee  Six-state Median  U. S. Median  265.41  327.75  276.80  360.96  254.48  266.19  271.50  360.96  62.80  43.93  54.55  80.09  55.24  56.95  56.10  55.24  202.61 156.22 28.95 127.27 46.38  283.82 220.55 84.22 136.33 63.26  222.24 173.71 53.32 120.39 48.52  280.88 208.62 45.10 163.53 72.23  199.23 153.96 44.38 109.57 45.27  209.24 168.99 54.83 114.15 40.24  215.74 171.35 49.21 123.83 47.45  293.35 237.31 106.10 127.06 55.32  273.68  337.84  270.94  377.77  271.89  271.25  272.79  369.77  Education Local schools Higher education Other education  93.94 70.54 17.72 5.68  118.07 95.65 19.73 2.69  103.11 82.20 17.03 3.88  121.26 88.36 28.35 4.55  96.60 66.14 27.41 3.05  92.91 72.76 17.66 2.49  99.86 77.48 18.73 3.47  132.54 102.90 28.35 3.18  Highways  63.51  59.89  46.58  73.81  63.58  67.12  63.55  67.52  Public welfare  35.51  20.48  25.69  56.47  28.51  18.53  27.10  26.13  Health and hospitals  16.99  31.47  29.47  20.17  22.70  22.25  22.48  21.16  Police and fire protection  10.37  18.07  11.04  14.80  8.28  11.68  11.36  14.52  Sanitation  5.53  13.49  6.90  16.05  4.43  5.82  6.36  10.00  Recreation  2.71  8.60  2.15  4.59  1.18  3.06  2.89  3.75  Financial administration  3.82  6.14  4.43  4.37  3.47  3.74  4.10  6.17  General control  4.66  9.17  6.48  6.07  4.58  4.85  5.46  6.56  Interest on general debt  8.44  11.25  9.03  15.29  7.88  8.72  8.88  9.03  28.14  41.15  26.01  44.83  30.62  32.50  31.56  39.53  Total Revenue  From Federal Government From own sources Taxes, total Property Other Miscellaneous Total Expenditure  All other   8 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE PER $1,000 OF PERSONAL INCOME  1963-64 Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mississippi  Tennessee  Six-state Median  U. S. Median  163.28  156.69  154.06  206.16  185.00  153.46  159.99  156.69  38.63  21.00  30.36  45.74  40.16  32.83  35.73  26.40  124.64 96.11 17.81 78.30 28.53  135.69 105.44 40.26 65.18 30.24  123.69 96.68 29.67 67.01 27.00  160.42 119.15 25.76 93.39 41.25  144.84 111.92 32.26 79.66 32.91  120.62 97.42 31.61 65.81 23.20  130.17 101.43 30.64 72.66 29.39  126.45 102.78 46.22 56.56 25.11  168.37  161.51  150.80  215.76  197.66  156.37  164.94  161.51  57.79 43.39 10.89 3.49  56.45 45.72 9.43 1.28  57.39 45.75 9.47 2.16  69.26 50.46 16.18 2.59  70.23 48.08 19.92 2.21  53.56 41.94 10.18 1.42  57.59 45.74 10.54 2.19  46.67 12.37 1.37  39.07  28.63  25.92  42.15  46.22  38.69  38.88  32.58  21.85  9.79  14.30  32.25  20.72  10.68  17.51  11.39  10.45  15.04  16.40  11.52  16.50  12.83  13.94  10.07  6.36  8.62  6.14  8.44  6.01  6.72  6.54  6.33  3.40  6.44  3.83  9.15  3.20  3.35  3.62  4.36  1.67  4.10  1.19  2.61  0.85  1.75  1.71  1.63  2.34  2.92  2.46  2.48  2.51  2.14  2.47  2.68  2.86  4.38  3.60  3.45  3.32  2.78  3.39  2.86  5.18  5.36  5.02  8.72  5.71  5.02  5.27  3.94  17.31  19.67  14.46  25.59  22.26  18.73  19.20  17.27   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  67.55  9  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL AND THEIR ESTIMATED ANNUAL PAYROLLS FISCAL YEARS 1961-65 Alabama Military Personnel Number (Thousands)  Payrolls ($ Millions)  Civilian Personnel Number (Thousands)  Payrolls ($ Millions)  Total Personnel Number (Thousands)  Payrolls ($ Millions)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org TO Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mississippi  Tennessee  Six States  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  21.8 24.5 23.7 21.9 24.0  56.3 59.8 66.6 70.7 70.0  67.7 87.5 93.0 98.5 94.0  18.0 14.3 32.5 31.4 34.3  24.9 29.5 25.0 20.9 21.3  17.5 18.9 17.7 19.3 18.4  206.2 261.5 258.5 262.7 262.0  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  86.2 96.9 94.7 118.9 130.3  234.8 246.4 276.7 335.4 361.8  255.9 331.8 355.7 387.8 396.4  77.4 161.8 128.5 138.7 127.8  111.6 129.9 110.8 115.2 104.9  67.6 72.6 68.4 78.8 90.1  833.4 1,039.4 1,034.7 1,174.9 1,211.4  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  35.9 36.1 34.0 33.2 33.3  23.6 24.1 24.1 24.4 25.2  32.0 33.6 34.0 32.8 33.6  5.7 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5  5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.2  6.6 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.2  109.5 113.9 111.5 109.8 110.9  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  210.2 215.3 216.3 222.4 227.7  139.8 144.5 155.0 164.4 166.1  188.0 200.7 216.8 220.0 223.5  33.7 44.9 46.1 45.9 44.3  33.1 34.4 37.6 40.6 41.7  38.7 40.1 39.9 44.6 44.8  643.5 679.9 711.7 737.8 748.1  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  57.7 60.6 57.7 55.1 57.3  79.9 83.9 90.7 95.1 95.2  99.7 121.1 127.0 131.3 127.6  23.7 21.8 39.7 38.2 40.8  30.5 35.3 30.9 26.9 27.5  24.1 25.6 24.0 25.9 24.6  315.7 375.4 370.0 372.5 372.9  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  296.4 312.2 311.0 341.3 358.0  374.6 390.9 431.7 499.8 527.9  443.9 532.5 572.5 607.8 619.9  111.1 206.7 174.6 184.6 172.1  144.7 164.3 148.4 155.8 146.6  106.3 112.7 108.3 123.4 -134.9  1,476.9 1,719.3 1,746.4 1,912.7 . 1,959.5  ‘  ,  DEPT. OF DEFENSE AND NASA PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS. 1965  MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PAYROLLS. 1965  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND NASA PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS FISCAL YEARS, 1961-65 (Mil lions of Dollars) Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mi ssi ssippi  T ennessee  United States  -  Department of Defense  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  Six States  95.6 154.4 195.0 190.7 165.2  492.7 645.5 583.2 782.6 633.3  300.5 337.5 423.3 520.2 662.4  139.3 244.0 195.3 181.4 255.8  69.4 100.2 186.0 155.9 152.2  144.1 183.8 183.5 193.6 197.3  1,251.5 1,665.4 1,766.4 2,024.3 2,066.2  22,638.1 25,795.7 25,233.2 24,417.1 23,268.1  37.1 81.3 97.1 146.4 236.9  5.1 50.9 92.4 141.6 181.6  2.9 3.4 6.0 6.4 7.4  0.1 18.5 185.3 286.3 355.3  — 0.1 0.1 0.6 4.3  0.9 2.2 2.3 2.5 1.8  46.1 156.3 383.1 583.7 787.4  380.2 939.1 2,181.4 3,490.2 4,103.4  NASA  1961 1962 1963 1964 1965  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  Trade and Commerce Alabama  1958 Retail Trade Establishments • Employees and proprietors Sales ($ Millions)  1963  26,893 29,065 132,291 137,862 2,567 3,253  Wholesale Trade Establishments Employees and proprietors Sales ($ Millions)  3,393 36,379 2,853  3,935 40,440 3,395  Selected Services Establishments Employees and proprietors Receipts ($ Millions)  11,534 44,539 256  13,752 50,900 363  Commercial Banking Total loans ($ Millions) Total deposits ($ Millions) Time deposits ($ Millions)  808 1,951 541  1,309 2,557 920  301 62 239 93 146 56 90  371 129 242 97 145 67 78  Total Number Banking offices Branches Banks Member Nonmember Par Nonpar  Digitized for 12 FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Georgia  Florida 1958  1963  1958  Louisiana  1963  1958  Mississippi  1963  49,547 53,293 35,452 36,987 29,260 24,609 285,829 309,720 185,202 190,652 152,206 141,993 4,570 5,840 2,940 7,610 3,528 3,391  7,232 83,895 5,512  1958  1963  18,475 80,346 1,482  19,167 80,721 1,914  Tennessee 1958  1963  32,925 33,226 169,967 170,672 3,199 4,009  8,896 95,735 7,487  5,445 61,291 5,741  6,530 75,275 8,100  4,501 49,076 4,075  4,852 50,599 4,598  2,264 17,642 1,389  2,544 21,347 1,787  4,490 53,159 5,153  5,100 60,479 6,677  32,561 39,491 137,100 165,996 1,027 1,492  15,858 67,461 432  19,625 77,637 634  13,675 56,569 387  12,722 60,345 476  7,198 26,353 146  9,056 29,737 201  15,053 64,185 402  18,853 77,098 585  2,826 6,030 2,184  1,249 2,718 669  2,065 3,608 1,142  1,084 2,803 6,611  1,629 3,459 1,017  467 1,232 296  828 1,679 539  1,389 3,051 969  2,306 4,192 1,675  395 16 379 171 208 169 39  486 76 410 65 345 69 276  583 160 423 70 353 82 271  342 156 186 52 134 27 107  419 220 199 55 144 40 104  318 124 194 35 159 18 141  371 177 194 36 158 24 134  479 183 296 83 213 131 82  565 272 293 82 211 141 70  1,708 4,498 1,205  284 13 271 115 156 112 44  Types of Farming Areas  and  Principal Crops  TYPES OF FARMING AREAS  PRINCIPAL CROPS  Primarily oranges, grapefruit; also vegetables, beef cattle. Vegetables; also dairying. Vegetables, some cattle on muckland. Livestock, dairying, general farming, small grains, tobacco. Livestock, dairying, general farming. Small general farms, patches of tobacco. Forest products, turpentine, truck crops, cotton. Woodland products, cotton, grazing of livestock. Cotton (small farms, intense cultivation). Cotton, some livestock (heavy clay soils, small farms). Cotton; some peanuts, peaches, truck crops, pecans. Livestock, cotton, tobacco, hogs, peanuts; some timber, truckcrops, melons. Shifting from cotton to livestock--both beef and dairy (heavyclay soils). Cotton, livestock. Cotton, corn, livestock, general farming (fertile limestone valleys, highly mechanized farms). 16. Rice............................................... Rice, cotton, range livestock, some woodland grazing. 17. Sugarcane...................................... Sugarcane; some cotton, soybeans, sweet potatoes, cattle. 18. Peanut........................................... Peanuts, cotton, corn, hogs.  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.  Citrus............................................. Gulf Truck.................................... Winter Truck.................................. Highland Rim ............................... Central Basin............................... Appalachian.................................. Flatwoods...................................... Alabama-Mississippi Timber..... Sand Mountain............................... Piedmont....................................... Upper Coastal Plain.................... Lower Coastal Plain.................... Blackbelt ...................................... Silt Loam....................................... Limestone......................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  SELECTED AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, Farm Population  Approximate Land Acreage  Percent of Land in Farms  Type of Farming Area 1950  1960  1959  1964—z  1959  1964  72,083  39,849  12,433,920  12,433,920  60.7  65.2  102,984  38,812  7,358,720  7,358,720  21.7  21.6  3. Winter Truck  21,395  8,248  8,624,640  8,624,640  32.4  . 32.9  4. Highland Rim  150,686  83,649  5,468,160  5,424,640  54.3  52.3  5. Central Basin  192,220  119,036  4,805,120  4,795,520  79.2  75.8  6. Appalachian  384,991  193,648  10,274,560  10,128,640  42.5  40.1  65,316  30,078  8,900,480  8,900,480  32.5  31.7  8. Alabama-Mississippi Timber  307,494  139,416  11,724,800  11,724,800  47.4  44.7  9. Sand Mountain  123,632  63,458  2,103,680  2,103,680  58.0  52.5  10. Piedmont  405,502  132,549  13,347,200  13,347,200  47.5  42.4  11. Upper Coastal Plain  316,215  121,947  12,165,120  12,165,120  50.6  44.5  12. Lower Coastal Plain  275,762  136,127  15,729,280  15,729,280  45.5  41.4  13. Blackbelt  150,930  66,113  5,068,160  5,068,160  70.3  67.5  14. Silt Loam  186,774  79,728  6,727,680  6,727,680  61.1  59.3  15. Limestone  326,470  143,611  9,449,600  9,444,480  49.1  44.8  75,048  33,205  6,222,720  6,222,720  39.1  41.6  17. Sugarcane  163,280  75,012  6,208,640  6,208,640  36.9  37.2  18. Peanut  329,088  158,627  11,662,080  11,662,080  67.2  61.5  3,649,870  1,663,113  158,274,560  158,070,400  48.8  46.5  1. Citrus 2. Gulf Truck  7. Flatwoods  16. Rice  Sixth District  7/ Reduced total reflects conversion of land acreages into lakes in Tennessee.  Total includes income from hunting, fishing, and other recreational services. Digitized-2/ for FRASER 14 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  BY TYPE OF FARMING AREA Number of Farms  Value of Products Sold by Source  Average Farm Acreage  All Crops  1959  1964  1959  22,837  20,644  330.8  392.6  15,973  14,129  99.8  4,057  3,854  23,944  1964  1959  (Thousands of Dollars)  Livestock and Products  All Farm Products 1964^  1964  1959  1964  356,109  456,721  84,173  130,952  440,282  588,182  112.4  24,129  33,911  31,730  46,761  55,859  80,734  689.1  735.5  113,309  204,321  49,191  39,765  162,501  244,413  21,003  123.9  135.2  27,153  31,026  37,939  39,619  65,092  70,988  33,297  29,177  114.3  124.5  28,396  34,026  69,475  66,498  97,871  100,577  56,136  48,787  77.7  83.3  46,899  53,059  91,001  119,603  137,<899  172,951  9,708  8,467  297.6  333.4  28,014  34,309  29,111  34,095  57,125  68,472  45,390  39,368  122.4  133.2  29,622  38,084  92,431  133,998  122,053  172,136  16,147  13,473  75.6  82.0  29,170  30,937  43,379  79,750  72,549  110,854  43,805  34,788  144.7  162.8  46,685  38,657  150,785  225,394  197,470  264,491  33,981  26,090  181.0  207.5  62,760  83,080  70,694  89,326  133,454  172,503  34,467  28,925  207.5  225.0  118,002  161,407  69,303  83,981  187,305  245,574  17,570  14,462  202.9  236.6  20,024  26,928  42,179  37,377  62,203  64,395  23,412  18,797  175.6  212.2  38,732  56,593  40,690  40,025  79,422  96,674  38,724  31,074  119.9  136.2  73,873  82,049  84,897  120,290  158,770  202,430  12,617  11,020  193.0  234.8  58,531  79,816  22,243  18,948  80,774  98,794  20,286  16,766  112.8  137.9  67,485  85,924  18,848  17,951  86,333  103,988  37,101  27,238  211.2  263.4  132,382  195,459  75,630  87,505  208,012  283,179  489,452  408,062  157.9  180.2  1,301,277  1,726,521  1,103,698  1,411,838  2,404,975  3,141,335   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1959  15  SELECTED AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, Farm Population  Approximate Land Acreage  Percent of Land in Farms  Trade and Banking Area 1950  Alabama  1960  1959  196417  32,678,000  1959  1964  960,493  402,855  32,678,000  46.6  23,909 130,399 45,049 53,970 73,372  1,868,800 10,648,960 3,130,240 7,975,680 5,827,200  1,868,800 10,648,960 3,130,240 7,975,680 5,827,200  50.6  61,466 341,880 93,165 143,079 175,071  43.0 41.4 65.8 38.5 67.7  37.9 37.5 59.0 37.4 63.0  232,806  105,440  34,721,280  34,721,280  43.9  44.4  71,402 16,793 29,679 69,249 45,683  32,945 7,326 15,240 25,955 23,974  8,785,920 7,616,640 6,031,360 6,041,600 6,245,760  8,785,920 7,616,640 6,031,360 6,041,600 6,245,760  39.7 33.3 55.8 24.4 69.9  38.5 36.5 56.3 22.2 72.2  962,435  407,268  37,296,000  37,296,000  52.7  48.0  358,543 103,826 46,619 195,062 59,232 206,000  116,406 42,415 16,101 93,804 30,633 111,809  10,590,720 3,894,400 2,319,360 8,072,320 4,284,160 8,615,680  10,590,720 3,894,400 2,319,360 8,072,320 4,284,160 8,615,680  46.2 56.8 45.7 61.7 39.5 59.8  41.7 49.3 39.9 55.1 35.6 57.3  567,455  233,101  28,868,000  28,868,000  36.1  36,288 19,526 62,505 21,053  5,977,600 2,625,920 5,067,520 4,048,640  5,977,600 2,625,920 5,067,520 4,048,640  35.8  79,879 62,520 124,583 59,100 1,097,207  542,836  30,223,000  30,223,000  170,262 209,670 63,329  75,420 103,234 25,089  6,850,560 5,587,840 3,099,520  6,850,560 5,587,840 3,099,520  45.4 65.9 54.3  45.2 62.5 53.9  1,016,204  586,744  26,728,000  26,478,000  57.7  168,472 179,189 415,823 100,294  77,912 90,954 243,181 64,644  5,332,480 4,456,320 11,550,080 1,729,280  5,287,040 4,375,040 11,502,080 1,699,840  60.2  Chattanooga Knoxville Nashville Tri-Cities Six-State Total  4,836,600  2,278,244  190,514,280  190,264,280  Anniston-Gadsden Birmingham Dothan Mobile Montgomery Florida  Jacksonville Miami Orlando Pensacola Tampa-St. Petersburg Georgia  Atlanta Augusta Columbus Macon Savannah South Georgia Louisiana  Alexandria-Lake Charles Baton Rouge Lafayette-Iberia-Houma New Orleans Mississippi  Hattiesburg-Laurel-Meridian Jackson Natchez Tennessee  J/ Reduced total reflects conversion of land acreages into lakes in Tennessee.  Digitized FRASER 2/for Total includes income from hunting, fishing, crtd other recreational services. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 16 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  36.1 43.5 39.2 19.7  38.8 42.8 39.4 20.3  61.6  58.7  44.8 44.0 67.4 61.1  41.5 41.5 64.5 58.8  50.6  48.3  BY TRADE AND BANKING AREA Humber of Farms  Value of Products Sold by Source  Average Farm Acreage  All Crops  (Thousands of Dollars)  Livestock and Products 1959 1964  All Farm Products 1959 19641/  1959  1964  92,530 5,729 32,126 9,201 15,326 16,309  142.9 112.9 114.4 170.1 166.7 190.0  164.5 123.7 124.2 200.7 194.6 225.2  193,980 10,087 55,512 26,614 27,815 28,127  243,298 10,947 66,089 37,461 40,348 37,030  220,283 14,052 86,751 17,210 24,558 47,094  293,283 23;014 138,206 20,858 22,273 49,012  414,263 24,139 142,263 43,823 52,372 75,221  537,080 33,979 204,390 58,361 62,708 86,111  45,100 9,734 3,786 11,692 8,239 11,649  40,541 8,975 3,454 9,379 7,148 11,585  337.8 358.7 670.6 287.8 179.1 374.7  380.1 377.1 804.3 362.0 187.9 389.1  519,230 37,780 119,871 159,973 15,422 186,185  727,450 52,839 229,573 199,388 24,729 220,921  181,246 38,368 48,622 29,082 19,074 46,099  225,129 58,374 47,396 36,861 19.434 63,064  700,476 76,149 168,493 189,055 34,496 232,284  953,514 111,327 277,262 236,449 44,199 284,277  106,350 38.695 10,540 5,370 20,384 7,870 24,365  83,366 31,491 7,863 3,886 14,870 6,182 19,220  184.8 126.5 209.8 197.4 244.3 214.9 211.4  214.6 140.1 244.0 237.9 298.9 246.8 257.0  281,281 '38,861 24,704 5,417 78,685 25,513 110,019  367,423 30,800 28,102 6,454 117,937 31,052 156,618  326,036 165,770 24,397 9,881 51,892 15,910 54,267  457,928 259,099 34,267 9,027 65,936 18,614 61,837  607,317 204,631 49.101 15,298 130,577 41,423 164,286  826,280 290,454 62,399 15,531 184,021 49,713 218,581  74,438 13,651 7,952 16,072 8,413  62,466 11,744 7,363 13,242 7,122  139.0 157.9 143.7 123.6 94.9  166.7 197.4 152.6 150.8 115.2  216,352 44,185 12,000 68,026 12,369  282,428 60,099 15,932 87,539 14,723  118,555 21,207 14,676 15,307 17,727  124,006 18,359 19,983 14,121 27,502  334,908 65,392 26,676 83,333 30,097  406,834 78,501 351,944 101,734 42,262  138,142 25,454 29,383 7,351  109,141 22,277 24,518 5,918  134.9 122.1 125.4 229.2  162.6 130.8 142.5 282.2  356,799 16,373 31,501 16,148  477,800 19,651 44,417 24,266  208,701 44,624 65,855 14,196  247,884 61,456 91,637 12,272  565,501 60,997 97,356 30,344  724,860 81,133 136,088 36,567  157,688 22.235 25,570 66,283 17,794  133,445 17,911 22,364 57,019 15.840  102.0 107.4 76.6 117.5 59.4  114.4 122.5 81.3 130.1 63.1  244,633 26,681 22,225 83,214 17,969  283,045 27,666 24,802 96,179 20,962  229,923 50,955 31,047 116,752 18,325  245,982 68,309 33,344 115,082 22,498  474,557 77,636 53,272 199,967 36,294  529,448 96,206 58,182 211,456 43,498  637,506  521,489  151.4  176.3  1,812,275  2,381,444  1,284,744  1,594,212  3,097,022  3,978,016  1959  1964  115,788 7,125 38,580 12,109 18,404 20,752   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1959  1964  17  SOURCES OF TOTAL CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARM MARKETINGS, 1965 Relative Importance of Crops and Livestock  Distribution of Total, by State  (Thousands of Dollars)  Total  Total Livestock  Cattle and calves Hogs Dairy products Poultry and eggs Other Total Crops  Citrus Corn Cotton Peaches Peanuts Pecans Potatoes Rice Soybeans Strawberries Sugarcane Sweet potatoes Tobacco Vegetables Wheat Forest products Greenhouse and nursery Other  Digitized 18 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Alabama  Florida  Georgia  Louisiana  Mississippi  Tennessee  Six States  660,640  979,494  945,531  484,823  812,498  622,796  4,505,782  401,905  238,163  520,662  180,087  332,942  319,007  1,992,766  93,073 41,718 46,776 219,172 1,166  80.137 14,196 86,338 54,363 3,129  66,790 61,209 55,571 335,453 1,639  88,556 4,163 52,120 34,426 822  100,155 19,456 50,000 162,524 807  111,213 65,477 89,520 50,251 2,546  539,924 206,219 380,325 856,189 10,109  258,735  741,331  424,869  304,736  479,556  303,789  2,513,016  _ 19,221 136,468 2,524 29,599 6,422 9,991 — 9,761 386 — 1,371 495 11,373 1,441 14,140 11,640 3,903  321,804 7,585 2,374 — 9,265 419 25,112 — 4,560 7,705 47,673 • 349 27.476 201,948 648 7,215 71,097 6.101  __ 44,317 88,831 6,867 101,338 11,830 129 — 7,360 — — 5,059 79,041 23,831 1,892 34,320 9,542 10,512  52 2,190 92,047 211 — 2,349 543 88,156 31,385 3,356 52,458 9,709 192 6,395 1,236 4,030 5,355 5,072  _ 6,234 351,388 609 419 2,706 335 9,101 75,037 — — 4,541 — 4,579 5,181 10,464 3,033 5,929  _14,917 109,556 490 — — 1,345 — 39,244 1,727 — 972 89,571 11,073 4,085 8,360 14,214 8,235  321,856 94,464 780,664 10,701 140,621 23,726 37,455 97,257 167,347 13,174 100,131 22,001 196,775 259,199 14,483 78,529 114,881  39,752   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ALABAMA  TRADE AND RANKING AREAS THE ANNISTON-GADSDEN AREA, predominantly an industrial region, leads the state in percentage of manufacturing employment. Primary metals and textiles provide over one-half of the manufacturing jobs. The economy of Gadsden is based principally on steel pro­ duction, the main manufacturing employer. Anniston is the textile industry center, producing cotton cloth, mens clothing, yarn, hosiery, and other goods. A number of foundries for making cast iron pipe are also located in Anniston. Agriculture is devoted mainly to cotton pro­ duction, which provides textile mills in the region with needed materials. The area’s farms are operated parttime. Poultry and eggs account for about one-half the agricultural income.  DOTHAN has the greatest percentage of agricultural employment in the state. The to­ pography and soil in this area are particularly well-suited for peantft production, the main source of agricultural income. Cotton and live­ stock production are commonly combined with peanuts to give this area the agricultural di­ versification necessary to make general farms the most prevalent. Dothan, in addition to serving as a retail and wholesale center and marketplace for much of the farm produce, also has a number of cotton textile, peanut, and cottonseed oil mills. The lumber and forest products industry is growing and accounts for close to one-fifth of all manufacturing employ­ ment. Digitized 20 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  BIRMINGHAM is the hub of Alabama’s largest industry, iron and steel. Immediately surrounding Jefferson County are large deposits of iron, limestone, and coal, including good coking coal. Closely linked with steel­ making is a processing industry, which turns out pipe, railroad cars, struc­ tural steel, and nuts and bolts. Chemicals, utilizing the by-products of the iron and steel coking process, are also an important source of manufacturing employment. Many of the farms in the area are operated part-time, with a large percentage of farmers earning their primary livelihood in nonfarm em­ ployment. Cotton is the most prevalent commercial farm commodity, but the income derived from truck crops, milk, and poultry and eggs far exceeds that of cotton.  MOBILE possesses a varied economy, with public administration, manu­ facturing, seaport activities, and trade each being important. Manufacturing is closely linked with port activities through a large network of ocean ship lines and intracoastal barge lines, making Mobile the major ocean port in this territory. Wood and paper products, ships, apparel, and chemicals account for over one-half of the area’s manufacturing employment. Major items of commerce are petroleum, coal, bauxite, lumber, rubber, and food products. Growing increasingly more important in recent years has been the chemical industry. The rural part of this region supports a number of small residential and part-time farms, with livestock, cotton, soybeans, and truck and horticultural products being the major sources of agricultural income. The mild winter climate, floral gardens, and points of historical interest attract many tourists to the area.  THE MONTGOMERY AREA h as a well-balanced econo­ my. Agriculture, based on one of the most productive farming regions in the state, is highly diversified. Beef and dairy products, poultry and eggs, and cotton are major sources of income. Manufacturing includes lumber and wood products, food products, textiles, and apparel. The largest percentage of employment in the city of Montgomery, the center of commerce for the area, is in wholesale and retail trade. State and Federal Governments also provide a major source of employment, a large part of which is centered at Maxwell Air Force Base.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Alabama Trade and Banking Areas  J Standard Metropolitan Statistical  Areas  1. Birmingham (Jefferson) 2. Gadsden (Etowah) 3. Mobile (Baldwin, Mobile) 4. Montgomery (Elmore, Montgomery)  5. Tuscaloosa (Tuscaloosa)  21  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN ALABAMA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  Public  Construction}-:  60  Administration  — 60  Agriculture  • ••••• • •••••( • •••••  f.1/.*.1.1 J.1'.1 ..............  • •••••< 40  OS®:;  20  — 20  ’Manufacturing  ANNISTON-GADSDEN  — 40  MONTGOMERY  MOBILE  DOTHAN  BIRMINGHAM  ALABAMA  Percentage Distribution Anniston-Gadsden Gadsden Area  Total  Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational services Public administration Other NOTE:  SMSA  Dothan  Birmingham Birmingham  Houston  T uscaloosa  Area  SMSA  SMSA  Area  County  Montgomery  Mobile  Area  SMSA  Montgomery Area  Alabama  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  6.1 6.7 35.3 17.7 17.6  3.8 6.3 36.2 20.8 15.4  6.9 6.7 27.8 17.1 10.7  0.7 5.4 27.3 21.2 6.1  4.9 6.2 23.0 9.5 13.5  18.3 6.4 25.1 9.2 15.9  15.1 6.6 17.8 6.5 11.3  7.5 6.7 23.7 11.4 12.3  3.0 7.0 17.8 6.4 11.4  14.7 6.0 19.2 7.2 12.0  5.9 7.2 14.2 5.3 8.9  26.5  5.0 16.0 2.4 4.8 7.0 16.7  5.9 18.3 2.9 4.4 3.9 18.3  6.7 17.9 3.5 5.2 3.4 21.9  7.8 20.4 5.2 4.5 3.5 25.2  4.9 17.6 2.5 10.2 3.1 27.6  4.4 16.2 2.2 4.6 4.5 18.3  6.2 20.4 3.1 4.2 4.4 22.2  6.7 17.3 2.9 4.4 10.5 20.3  8.4 19.4 3.7 4.2 14.8 21.7  4.8 16.4 3.0 5.7 6.9 23.3  6.1 20.0 4.4 5.5 11.0 25.7  5.9 17.0 3.0 5.1 5.5 20.7  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 21.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 22 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Mobile  Huntsville SMSA  100.0  9.6 6.7  13.7  12.8  is included in the Nashville Trade and Banking Area on page  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN ALABAMA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  60  60 • Transportation** • • Equipment**** • •***«•*  Fabricated Metals 40  40  20  20  0  0 ANNISTON-GADSDEN  BIRMINGHAM  DOTHAN  MONTGOMERY  MOBILE  ALABAMA  Percentage Distribution Birmingham  Anniston-Gadsden  Dothan  Mobile  Montgomery Alabama  Total  Furn., lumber,& wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables ^OTE:  Huntsvi 11 e  SMSA  Birmingham  Tuscaloosa  Area  Gadsden SMSA  Area  SMSA  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  7.4 29.1 5.4 0.7 5.6 0.1 0.4 1.6 4.7 22.6 6.4 2.1 1.1 12.8  4.2 44.1 2.9 0.8 3.1 0.1 0.4 1.8 5.5 5.8 1.1 2.0 0.4 27.8  9.8 28.3 9.0 2.2 2.4 0.8 4.0 5.0 9.5 8.4 6.5 3.5 4.2 6.4  3.0 45.8 10.9 2.9 2.1 0.9 6.4 5.8 9.8 0.8 1.8 5.1 2.4 2.3  Mobi le  Montgomery  Area  Houston County  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  13.9 21.4 2.0 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.6 1.5 9.1 0.7 1.9 3.9 5.2 37.9  17.7 0.2 1.0 0.9 0.4 5.1 7.9 3.6 10.6 17.4 28.6 2.4 1.8 2.4  13.2 0.5 1.1 1.1 0.2 1.0 6.8 12.6 22.5 6.9 19.4 5.8 2.7 6.2  25.3 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.6 15.8 3.1 7.9 2.8 9.6 2.6 7.1 22.0  10.8 1.4 1.5 1.9 0.6 0.2 15.3 4.2 12.6 0.8 3.5 4.3 9.7 33.2  21.4 2.5 2.2 3.8 0.9 1.4 0.7 4.6 15.8 - 26.2 10.1 4.4 2.6 3.4  14.6 0.9 3.0 4.7 2.2 2.0 0.7 9.5 24.3 18.3 2.3 9.8 5.5 2.2  13.6 16.5 8.4 2.0 2.1 0.9 4.2 3.9 9.1 15.9 8.3 3.1 3.9 8.1  included in the N ashvi I le Trade ard Banking Area on page 73.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  23  POPULATION  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 1959  Percent 160  _1940=100  Mobile  By Area  140  AnnistonGadsden ALABAMA ^Birmingham  Montgomery Dothan 1940  1950  1960  120  1000  100  Anniston- B’ham Gadsden  1965  Dothan  Mobil e  ——V Montg. ALABAMA  POPULATION AND INCOME, ALABAMA Population (Thou sands)  Demographic Characteristics Percent of  Population Nonwhite 1950  I960  1965  Income Aggregate Income  Labor Force  (Thousands)  1960  1960  No. of Income Reci pient s_l/  Average Income  (Thousands)  (Dollars)  1959  1959  1959  (Millions of Do 11 ar s)  Per Recipient  3,062  3,267  3,462  30.1  1,153  4,070  1,505  2,704  225 94  240 97  250 99  16.8 15.5  86 33  301 129  111 43  2,720 3,034  1,299 559 94  1,359 635 109  1,417 675 117  26.1 34.6 28.7  472 232 37  1,822 1,046 137  629 299 52  2,897 3,500 2,617  Dothan Area Houston County  212 47  210 51  217 53  26.1 27.4  79 20  213 59  101 24  2,101 2,417  Mobile Area Mobile SMSA  520 272  617 363  678 412  36.8 33.7  212 131  683 462  267 159  2,556 2,989  Montgomery Area Montgomery SMSA  465 171  468 200  484 216  47.4 34.0  168 77  520 294  221 97  2,351 2,640  Alabama Anniston-Gadsden Area Gadsden SMSA  Birmingham Area Birmingham SMSA Tuscaloosa SMSA  J/ Persons 14 years old and over who reported money income during 1959. NOTE: Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 21.  Digitized 24 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Huntsville SMSA included in the Nashville Trade and Banking Area on page 7<   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ALABAMA’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $904  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $932  Health and Hospitals $58 (6.2%)  Police and Fire Protection $35 (3.8%) Sanitation $19 (2%)  Recreation $9 (1%)  25  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, ALADAMA v (Millions of Dollars) Deposits 1960  1965  1950  1960  1,175  2,121  2,924  399  985  83 34  147 57  188 70  31 12  585 395 39  954 634 56  1,289 841 72  75 27  136 49  Mobile Area Mobile SMSA  164 104  Montgomery Area Montgomery SMSA  184 99  Anniston-Gadsden Area Gadsden SMSA  Birmingham Area Birmingham SMSA Tuscaloosa SMSA Dothan Area Houston County  Investments  Loans  1950  State Total  (Number)  1965  Banks  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1,606  521  843  1,070  222  238  258  70 25  95 37  37 14  61 23  70 29  21 7  22 7  22 7  187 130 14  444 312 31  705 465 45  266 182 18  351 208 21  440 265 24  76 8 2  78 7 2  85 9 2  187 60  24 8  54 21  94 31  32 13  65 22  83 26  26 6  31 7  32 7  412 288  577 398  60 39  209 161  319 230  72 46  155 95  218 139  41 8  42 10  45 11  321 180  430 236  65 35  144 83  247 143  8449  146 79  163 81  35 6  41 8  42 9  2/ J 950 and 1960 data are December figures; 7965 data, June figures.  NOTE: page 76.  Digitized 26 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 21.  Huntsvi I le SMSA included in the Nashvilie Trade and Banking Area o  TRADE AND SERVICES, ALADAMA Wholesale Trade  Retail Trade  Anniston-Gadsden Area 1958 1963 Gadsden SMSA 1958 1963 Birmingham Area 1958 1963 Birmingham SMSA 1958 1963 Tuscaloosa SMSA 1958 1963  Dothan Area 1958 1963 Houston County 1958 1963  Mobile Area 1958 1963 Mobile SMSA 1958 1963 Montgomery Area 1958 1963 Montgomery SMSA 1958 1963  Selected Services  Establish­ ments  Employment-!/  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment!/  Sales ($ MiIlions)  Establish­ ments  1,977 2,204  9,398 9,414  181 223  200 220  1,574 1,765  88 125  949 1,098  2,870 3,200  14 20  823 906  4,107 4,168  81 98  91 97  663 703  31 42  446 480  1,273 1,418  6 8  11,743 11,964  59,555 58,692  1,158 1,400  1,563 1,735  19,293 20,100  1,735 1,954  5,039 5,701  26,253 21,823  120 159  5,097 4,764  34,045 31,573  659 769  979 1,074  14,946 15,167  1,449 1,595  2,675 2,738  12,398 13,232  81 105  735 831  4,420 4,809  83 106  80 85  934 1,028  47 58  352 384  1,736 1,741  9 12  2,049 2,357  8,279 8,863  158 201  255 282  1,993 2,249  131 145  813 1,000  2,580 3,118  14 21  530 655  2,826 3,214  56 73  105 114  988 1,003  55 59  243 318  937 1,087  6 9  4,758 5,244  24,639 26,136  493 613  636 776  6,708 7,928  438 531  2,154 2,774  8,568 9,514  51 68  2,626 2,908  16,451 17,438  338 417  444 525  5,448 5,962  345 428  1,463 1,832  6,576 7,140  40 52  3,616 3,991  18,122 19,211  330 430  483 549  4,845 5,369  337 428  1,486 1,664  6,269 6,664  34 47  1,467 1,612  9,632 10.308  182 238  272 308  3,427 3,876  240 317  780 863  4,005 4,305  24 33  Employment!/  Sales ($ Mi Ilions)  -!/ Includes employees and proprietors.   NOTE: Huntsvi I le SMSA included in the Nashvi II e Trade and Banking Area on page 77. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  Alabama  SELECTED AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS  Type of Farming Area Limestone  Sand Mountain  Upper Coastal Plain  Piedmont  Alabama Blackbelt Mississippi Timber  Gulf Truck  Peanut  Alabama  Farm population  1950 1960  210,262 95,165  123,632 63,458  183,263 64,893  68,930 20,379  150,930 66,113  31,685 9,603  31,426 12,442  160,365 70,802  960,493 402,855  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 1964  6,115 6,115  2,104 2,104  6,460 6,460  2,769 2,769  5,068 5,068  2,066 2,066  2,443 2,443  5,653 5,653  32,678 32,678  Percent of land in farms  1959 1964  47.5 43.3  58.0 52.5  45.1 40.6  41.7 36.9  70.3 67.5  34.1 32.4  26.9 26.9  60.5 54.5  50.6 46.6  Number of farms  1959 1964  24,683 19,338  16,147 13,473  20,656 16,397  7,912 6,163  17,570 14,462  4,116 3,128  4,609 4,212  20,095 15,357  115,788 92,530  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  117.6 137.0  75.6 82.0  141.1 160.0  146.0 165.6  202.9 236.6  170.9 213.8  142.8 156.0  170.3 200.5  142.9 164.5  Value of products sold by source ($ Th ousands) 1959 All crops 1964 1959 Livestock and products 1964  58,556 68,313 39,480 57,770  29,170 30,937 43,379 79,750  23,678 30,706 41,569 51,832  6,324 6,934 14,762 21,341  20,024 26,928 42,179 37,377  2,427 3,210 2,591 2,374  15,332 24,307 8,909 9,326  38,469 51,963 27,414 33,513  193,980 243,298 220,283 293,283  98,037 126,136  72,549 110,854  65,247 82,598  21,087 28,298  62,203 64,395  5,019 5,604  24,240 33,652  65,883 85,543  414,263 537,080  All farm products  1959 1964^/  _!/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, and other recreational services.   28 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  FLORIDA  TRADE AND RANKING AREAS JACKSONVILLE is the leading port on the Atlantic Coast south of Norfolk and Florida’s leading port in foreign trade. The Federal Government employs many workers in and around Jacksonville in connection with the naval air station there. Forest products from the 21 counties in this trade and banking area provide raw materials for furniture, lumber, and wood products, the chief manufacturing employer. Other major manufactured items include food products and ships. Livestock, tobacco, and truck crops are main sources of cash receipts to farmers. Containing both the University of Florida and Florida State University, this area is the state’s most important center of higher education.  Sunshine and sand are raw ma­ terials for the resort industry which is primary in the economy of the MIAMI AREA. Nearly half the people employed work in services or wholesale and retail trade. Processing of food and kindred products is the largest manufacturing employer. Population growth, although more moderate in recent years, has been phenomenal; the growth rate of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood averaged about 30 percent per year from 1950 to 1960. Nearly a third of all Floridians now live within the boundaries of the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas of West Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood, and Miami. Though of relatively minor importance as a source of income, dairy foods and truck crops are produced for the local area, and winter truck crops are sent to northern cities.  The economy of the PENSACOLA AREA depends heavily upon military installations such as the Pensacola Naval Air Station and Eglin and Tyndall Air Force Bases. Government is the area’s most important source of income and employment. Abundant pure water found here has attracted firms making nylon and acrylic fibers. Other major manufactured items are chemicals, paper products, lumber, and food products. Farm income is derived main­ ly from livestock and tobacco. Beaches along the Gulf Coast, traditionally used by area residents and tourists from other Southern states, now attract patrons from other areas. Digitized30 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ORLANDO, centered amidst lakes and citrus groves, is Florida’s largest inland city. This area has long been attractive to both tourists and retirees. Citrus crops and tourism, two traditional income producers in Florida, contribute greatly to the area’s economy. Super­ imposed upon this economic base is the area’s valuable link with space -- Cape Kennedy. Because of the space pro­ grams, Brevard County has become Florida’s latest boom area. The making of electrical machinery equipment has been added to manufacturing employment, which is generally dominated by the packing, canning, and shipping of citrus crops.  THE TAMPA-ST. PETERSBURG AREA is a famous haven for retirees; Pinellas County (St. Petersburg) has a high percentage of population 65 and over. Tampa is Florida’s “industrial” city and largest port, based on freight tonnage. Although the traditional cigar­ making industry retains its importance to the area’s economy, suc­ cessful promotion of industrial parks has developed a quite diversi­ fied manufacturing employment. Canned citrus, shrimp, and beverages are major products of an important food processing industry. Outside the cities, citrus growing and phosphate mining contribute to the area’s balanced economy.  Florida PENSACOLA  ■■■  Trade and Banking Areas  Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas 1. Ft. Lauderdale — Hollywood (Broward) Jacksonville (Duval) 3. Miami (Dade) 4. Orlando (Orange, Seminole) 5. Pensacola (Escambia, Santa Rosa) 6. Tallahassee (Leon) 7. Tampa - St. Petersburg (Hillsborough, Pine 8. West Palm Beach (Palm Beach)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  to* 31  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN FLORIDA, 1960 Major Components Percent 60  Transportation, Communication and Public Utilities  40  5 Construction}:*:  *-- —  liuiujuiuiu  Agriculture  ’.•••••••••-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-•J  »*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*•  20  ♦w. 1♦♦♦♦< ♦♦ *eee w»5  < MIAMI  JACKSONVILLE  TAMPA — ST. PETERSBURG  PENSACOLA  ORLANDO  FLORIDA  Percentage Distribution Jacksonville  Total  Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational services Public administration Other  NOTE:  Miami  Orlando  Tampa-St. Pete.  Area  Jacksonville SMSA  Tallahassee SMSA  Area  SMSA  West Palm Beach SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  5.4 7.9 13.5 6.2 7.3  1.1 8.4 13.2 5.7 7.5  3.4 8.6 6.7 3.4 3.3  5.6 8.5 10.5 5.1 5.4  2.2 6.7 11.5 5.4 6.1  14.8 9.0 7.2 3.0 4.2  4.7 13.2 10.7 6.7 4.0  8.3 10.4 14.9 10.4 4.5  8.0 10.7 16.0 10.2 5.8  8.1 8.6 17.8 5.0 12.8  2.0 9.1 20.7 2.7 18.0  6.5 10.3 14.0 5.7 8.3  3.3 10.1 15.4 6.8 8.6  6.4 9.1 13.1 6.2 6.9  7.7 20.8 5.6 7.4 7.0 24.7  9.8 23.1 7.8 3.9 7.4 25.3  4.5 18.5 3.9 18.5 12.9 23.0  8.5 22.3 6.1 4.1 4.3 30.1  10.8 22.2 6.2 4.4 4.4 31.6  4.8 21.6 5.2 3.5 3.9 30.0  5.8 23.4 7.4 3.8 3.5 27.5  5.3 21.6 4.5 4.4 5.0 25.6  5.5 21.7 5.5 4.0 4.7 23.9  5.4 18.5 3.0 5.5 10.7 22.4  6.0 19.6 3.5 4.8 12.9 21.4  6.2 23.1 5.2 4.4 3.6 26.7  7.0 24.1 5.6 4.1 3.9 26.5  7.1 21.8 5.3 4.9 5.2 27.1  Mi ami  Fort LauderdaleHollywood  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 31.   32 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Pensacola  Florida Orlando  T ampa-St. Petersburg  Pensacola  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN FLORIDA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent 80  60  — 40  — 20  MIAMI  JACKSONVILLE  ORLANDO  PENSACOLA  FLORIDA  TAMPA—ST. PETE.  Percentage Distribution Jack sonvi lie  Total  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical machinery equipment Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Orlando  Miami  Area  Jacksonville SMSA  T ailahassee SMSA  Area  SMSA  SMSA  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  19.6 1.6 3.7 2.7 3.1 0.8 8.1 6.4 15.4 1.0 1.9 7.8 4.5 23.4  7.1 2.5 4.9 4.1 2.9 1.1 11.4 9.0 18.1 0.5 2.3 9.4 5.4 21.3  34.1 0.4 0.6 3.2 0.8 0.5 2.9 7.9 19.7 — 1.1 21.4 2.6 4.8  10.2 2.7 10.9 4.6 4.2 0.6 4.5 9.4 16.8 1.3 12.8 11.5 2.9 7.6  8.4 0.6 7.1 3.9 2.8 0.8 6.8 10.9 33.3 0.5 2.7 14.9 3.8 3.5  Miami  9.7 2.'3' 10.0 4.6 4.9 0.6 5.9 10.7 19.4 1.1 9.4 11.9 3.2 6.3  West Palm Ft. Lauderdale-H’wood Beach  Area  Orlando SMSA  100.0  100.0  9.8 2.3 10.9 5.7 8.9 0.8 9.3 15.3 11.2 1.0 4.7 12.3 3.2 4.6  7.0 0.4 32.1 3.4 15.1  0.4 3.4 8.1 16.7 0.3 1.9 7.1 2.3 1.8  Pensacola  Tampa-St. Pete. T ampaSt. Pete.  Florida  Area  Pensacola SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  3.5 0.3 42.5 3.6 5.9 0.4 1.5 6.3 20.9 0.3 2.0 7.4 3.2 2.2  14.7 0.2 4.3 1.0 1.3 0.2 3.6 2.9 10.8 22.2 4.0 4.2 7.3 23.3  6.4 0.1 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.1 1.7 2.2 8.3 41.4 1.0 4.9 10.8 20.7  5.4 1.6 8.2 3.9 6.8 0.9 3.7 10.4 27.8 0.4 2.7 9.0 8.1 11.1  5.2 1.6 8.9 4.0 8.6 0.7 4.4 10.7 20.0 0.5 3.5 9.2 7.6 15.1  10.4 1.4 11.4 3.5 6.4 0.6 5.1 8.6 19.5 3.1 4.5 8.8 5.0 11.7  33  POPULATION  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 1959  Percent  Doiior,  POPULATION AND INCOME, FLORIDA Population (Thousands)  Demographic Characteristics Percent of Population Nonwhite  Labor Force (Thousands)  Income Aggregate Income (Millions of Do 11 ar s)  No. of Income Recipients.]/  1959  1959  1959  3,305  (Thousands,  Average Income Per Recipient ( Do 11 ar s)  I960  1965  1960  1960  2,771  4,952  5,805  17.9  1,887  8,548  2,586  Jacksonville Area Jacksonville SMSA Tallahassee SMSA  621 304 52  834 455 74  930 512 83  26.0 23.4 32.9  320 183 30  1,275 785 117  416 227 40  3,066 3,454 ' 2,928  Miami Area Miami SMSA West Palm Beach SMSA Fort Lauderdale— Hollywood SMSA  780 495 115  1,657 935 228  1,999 1,089 280  16.9 14.9 22.9  670 388 92  3,242 1,886 433  881 503 123  3,680 3,746 3,513  84  334  424  16.6  124  660  171  3,858  Orlando Area Orlando SMSA  353 142  720 318  913 372  17.6 16.6  272 125  1,228 576  373 163  3,290 3,321  Pensacola Area Pensacola SMSA  337 131  475 203  523 228  20.8 19.0  172 76  632 310  220 95  2,875 3,115  Tampa-St. Petersburg Area Tampa-St. Petersburg SMSA  680 409  1,266 772  1,440 867  13.2 11.5  453 276  2,171 1,365  696 431  3,117 3,170  1950  Florida  T/  Persons 14 years old and over who reported money income during 1959.   NOTE: Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 31. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 34 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  FLORIDA’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $1,870   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $1,927  35  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, FLORIDA v (Millions of Dollars) Deposits  (Number) Investments  Loans  Banks  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1,863  4,867  6,813  443  2,005  3,493  1,011  1,983  2,703  192  304  432  Jacksonville Area Jacksonville SMSA Tallahassee SMSA  359 246 33  894 662 64  1,119 803 88  97 68 9  346 253 24  543 394 42  161 98 17  320 208 33  406 266 36  45 8 4  62 16 5  70 24 6  Miami Area Miami SMSA West Palm Beach SMSA Ft. LauderdaleHollywood SMSA  697 465 108  1,888 1,151 234  2,631 1,515 376  163 108 25  779 476 85  1,360 816 171  403 270 61  791 440 120  1,059 558 185  40 15 8  83 36 15  135 62 23  87  387  562  19  172  288  51  175  234  7  17  31  Orlando Area Orlando SMSA  218 100  583 282  890 406  55 26  254 130  483 241  124 53  243 103  341 134  36 9  51 15  77 23  96 48  183 90  270 128  21 11  72 41  133 69  54 27  88 40  111 47  25 4  34 11  37 12  493 329  1,318 856  1,905 1,212  109 68  554 359  974 632  270 184  540 336  787 473  47 19  74 34  113 55  State Total  Pensacola Area Pensacola SMSA  Tampa-St. Petersburg Area Tampa-St. Petersburg SMSA  7/ 7950 and 1960 data are December figures; 7965 data, June figures.  NOTE:   36 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 31.  TRADE AND SERVICES, FLORIDA Retail Trade Establish­ ments  Jacksonville Area 1958 1963 Jacksonville SMSA 1958 1963 Tallahassee SMSA 1958 1963  Miami Area 1958 1963 Miami SMSA 1958 1963 West Palm Beach SMSA 1958 1963 Ft. LauderdaleHollywood SMSA 1958 1963 Orlando Area 1958 1963 Orlando SMSA 1958 1963 Pensacola Area 1958 1963 Pensacola SMSA 1958 1963  Tampa-St. Petersburg Area 1958 1963 Tampa-St. Petersburg SMSA 1958 1963  Employment-^  Selected Services  Wholesale Trade  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment-^  Sales ($ Mi llions)  Establish­ ments  Employment-1/  Sales ($ Mi llions)  7,874 8,330  44,709 46,235  871 1,110  1,303 1,499  16,063 16,704  1,533 2,226  4,259 5,092  19,156 20.586  124 165  3,860 4,124  26,491 27,576  523 672  856 986  12,982 13,163  1,357 2,002  2,337 2;851  12,254 12,938  85 110  577 658  4,356 4,432  80 103  115 136  875 1,210  15 61  328 413  1,565 1,824  10 14  17,828 18,644  108,934 117,577  2,300 2,934  2,810 3,499  28,541 34,080  1,934 2,513  13,221 15,481  64,973 76,190  531 738  9,839 9,459  64,704 65,525  1,369 1,618  1,949 2,360  20,564 23,580  1,451 1,829  7,949 8,295  43,483 49,238  380 493  2,682 2,960  15,119 16,899  321 428  295 353  2,765 3,371  150 213  1,666 2,184  7,167 8,629  49 77  3,439 4,141  20,452 25,301  433 647  356 526  2,742 4,464  253 359  2,404 3,439  10,572 13,812  75 131  7,190 8,155  38,694 47,035  799 1,165  908 1,227  13,475 15,196  536 846  4,582 5,957  15,848 24,941  107 215  2,679 3,074  16,512 19,965  361 504  488 704  8,222 9,002  334 540  1,704 2,189  6,764 9,436  47 75  4,051 4,351  20,119 21,189  410 511  443 525  4,259 5,006  264 268  2,005 2,467  7,219 8,751  43 66  1,566 1,750  9,443 9,872  198 242  190 217  2,013 2,111  137 142  849 1,061  3,230 3,815  18 27  12,604 13,813  73,373 77,684  1,460 1,890  1,768 2,146  21,520 24,734  1,240 1,620  8,494 10,494  33,869 35,413  221 308  7,395 7,813  47,307 48,145  919 1,152  1,158 1,428  13,235 16,422  919 1,213  5,273 6,239  19,626 22,968  146 203   _!_/ Includes employees and proprietors. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  ----------------------------  Lower Coastal Plain  Flatwoods  Citrus  Winter Truck  Florida  Farm population  1950 1960  109,998 45,441  29,330 11,902  72,083 39,849  21,395 8,248  232,806 105,440  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 1964  9,978 9,978  3,684 3,684  12,434 12,434  8,625 8,625  34,721 34,721  Percent of land in farms  1959 1964  31.7 27.9  46.9 45.7  60.7 65.2  32.4 32.9  43.9 44.4  Number of farms  1959 1964  13,415 11,797  4,791 4,246  22,837 20,644  4,057 3,854  45,100 40,541  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  235.5 236.1  360.7 396.9  330.8 392.6  689.1 735.5  337.8 380.1  34,366 48,783 29,310 32,176 63,676 81,016  15,445 17,625 18,572 22,236 34,017 39,903  356,109 456,721 84,173 130,952 440,282 588,182  113,309 204,321 49,191 39,765 162,501 244,413  519,230 727,450 181,246 225,129 700,476 953,514  Value of products sold by source (S Th ousands) 1959 All crops 1964 Livestock and products 1959 1964 1959 All farm products 1964-17  \/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, end other recreational services.  Digitized 38 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  GEORGIA  TRADE AND DANKING AREAS ATLANTA has long been recognized as the transportation and distribution hub of the Southeast. Georgia’s largest and fastest growing population center, the metropolitan area serves almost half the state in direct retail trade and finance. In addition, it offers a substantial amount of high quality regional retail shopping. Its new status as a big-league sports center is expected to further broaden retail trade. Manufacturing accounts for the area’s largest share of total employment; wholesale and retail trade take a comfortable secondplace. The leading provider of manufacturing employment is textile mill products, with food products and transportation equip­ ment also contributing substantially to the total employment. Fi­ nance is also a large employer.  THE AUGUSTA AREA outside the metropolis still has a substantial but declining dependence on diversified agriculture, which includes broilers, cotton, peaches, and grains. Hay and pasture acreage, along with forests, has expanded as dependence on cotton has lessened. Manufacturing employment, especially in nondurable goods, has grown substantially in recent years. Textiles and apparel are still the major manufacturers. The production of chemical and allied products has increased sharply in recent years. Furniture and lumber production is important, and the area contains major producers of stone and clay products. Augusta’s most famous export is one annual green coat, representing the Masters’ Golf Championship. A major military installation, Camp Gordon, has continued to expand, cushioning the decline of employment at the Savannah River Atomic Energy Plant.  THE COLUMBUS AREA has the highest ratio of manu­ facturing to total employment (over one-third of total) of Georgia’s six trade and banking areas. More than two-thirds of total manu­ facturing is in textile mill products. Columbus thus retains its eminence as a Southern textile center, which it established before the Civil War. Agriculture is a relatively minor employer, but food processing is substantial. Candy and other food processing utilize large amounts of peanuts from South Georgia. Nonelectrical machinery, of which cotton gins and other industrial machinery are important, is concentrated mainly in Columbus. Like Augusta, Columbus has a large military installation which provides sizable civilian employment, as well as local trade.  THE MACON AREA in central Georgia is a major producing area and marketing center for peaches, peanuts, and other agri­ cultural products. Manufacturing (on a lesser scale than in other trade and banking areas) and wholesale and retail trade are major employers. Large levels of employment in public administration, including agencies of the Defense Department, help to further diversify income sources. Furniture, lumber, clay products, pulp and paper, insulation materials, and food products dominate the list of items produced.  Historic SAVANNAH servps the Georgia coastal area and several inland counties in trade and banking facilities. Forest products, chiefly from pines, and port activities have long been the most important elements in Savannah’s economic base. Reduction in Defense Department employment has encouraged greater em­ phasis on promoting growth-in port activities and in manufacturing. Savannah’s chemical industry, second only to paper and lumber, produces paint, turpentine, acids, cottonseed oil, and industrial chemicals. Port facilities are complemented by the railroad center, making Savannah an important export and import facility — the principal American naval stores market. Agriculture is limited, consisting mainly of egg and dairy products. Food processing is of considerable importance.  SOUTH GEORGIA is the only trade and banking area in the state in which agriculture exceeded manufacturing or trade in im­ portance in 1960. Rapid migration from farm to urban centers has continued, however, as cities such as Albany, Bainbridge, Tifton, and Valdosta have added substantial manufacturing establishments. Food and kindred products is the main manufacturing employer, representing over one-fifth of the total. Transportation equipment, including mobile homes and executive aircraft, is growing rapidly in importance. Fabricated metals represents another expanding type of manufacturing. Highway improvements and better community airports have contributed to this area, as they have in most of Georgia.  Digitized40 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Georgia ——  Trade and Banking Areas  k*.y??»vl Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas 1. Albany (Dougherty) 2. Atlanta (Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, Gwinnett)  3. Augusta (Richmond; Aiken, South Carolina) 4. Columbus (Chattahoochee, Muscogee. Russell, Alabama) 5. Macon (Bibb, Houston)  6. Savannah (Chatham)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  41  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN GEORGIA, 1960 Major Components Percent  Percent  Transportation, Communication and Public Utilities 60  60  40  40 ■.•AyAwXjrZjZvriTAT.T  XwXwXvXv  20  20  ATLANTA  COLUMBUS  AUGUSTA  MACON  SAVANNAH  SOUTH GEORGIA  GEORGIA  Percentage Distribution Atlanta  Augusta  Atlanta  Total  Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational service Public administration Other  Columbus  Augusta  Area  SMSA  Area  100.0  100.0  4.6 6.6 29.4 10.5 18.9 7.1 18.4 4.4 4.7 4.3 20.5  1.0 6.7 22.1 10.9 11.2 9.2 21.3 6.2 4.5 5.5 23.5  Macon  Savannah  Macon  Columbus  South Georgia  Savannah  Albany  Georg i<  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.1  11.9 6.5 25.1 8.8 16.3 4.8 16.2 2.8 4.4 4.9 23.4  3.6 6.9 28.8 3.7 25.1 4.9 17.3 3.8 4.7 5.0 25.0  4.1 5.6 33.6 5.0 28.6 4.2 16.4 3.1 5.9 4.5 22.6  2.6 6.3 26.8 4.1 22.7 5.1 19.4 4.0 5.0 6.4 24.4  14.1 5.6 19.6 6.9 12.7 4.5 15.7 2.4 4.7 10.8 22.6  2.5 5.6 17.6 5.3 12.3 5.9 17.6 3.6 4.6 20.2 22.4  7.9 6.8 23.2 7.5 15.7 7.7 18.5 3.3 4.7 4.8 23.1  0.6 7.4 22.9 6.3 16.6 10.5 20.0 4.4 4.6 4.8 24.8  21.5 5.4 17.4 6.3 11.1 5.6 17.4 2.5 5.3 4.6 20.3  3.4 6.9 15.9 3.7 12.2 6.3 22.2 4.3 5.5 9.6 25.9  8.: 6.5 26.c 8J 17.J 6.< 17.' 3.< 4/ 5? 2i.:  NOTE: Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropol itan Statistical Areas depicted on page 41.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 42 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN GEORGIA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  80  — 80  ■  60  — 60  v—e—e—w— • Chemicals* — 40  40  I 1 1  20 ■— ’■’Food and*’*’  t  .*■* Kindred »’»'■ III ■i.guHiillii  1  ■• e ■■ v ■■ ■■  Apparel ih  ATLANTA  1  AUGUSTA  B B  B B  B -  VB B B B B B B B B B BB B B B B B B B ■ B BB B B * B B B B B B BB B B B BB B B B B BB B B B B B B B B S BB B B B BB B B B B BB B B B B ■■  B B B B BB B 1 B B B B B B B 1 B B B B B B B 1 B B B B B B B 1 B B B B B B B 1 B B B B BB B 1 B B B B B B B 1  — 20  _ _ _  ■■  II ■! II ■ 111  .'•"1  SAVANNAH  MACON  COLUMBUS  B  B  SOUTH GEORGIA  GEORGIA  Percentage Distribution Atlanta  Augusta  Atlanta  Total  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Macon  Columbus  Augusta  Columbus  Savannah  Macon  South Georgia  Sav annah  Al bony  Georgia  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  8.2 2.1 2.5 3.3 3.1 4.9 6.5 4.9 10.9 26.7 13.3 4.6 3.1 5.9  5.2 2.6 4.0 5.0 4.2 9.0 12.5 6.8 13.9 6.1 8.5 8.7 4.4 9.1  17.9 0.3 1.3 1.4 0.7 2.1 0.5 10.8 10.9 21.5 20.6 2.8 5.9 3.3  3.2 0.1 0.8 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 6.9 10.1 38.8 4.8 3.2 27.5 2.8  7.9 0.7 0.6 2.7 0.9 0.1 0.2 1.9 9.8 66.4 4.2 3.1 0.5 1.0  4.8 0.4 0.6 5.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 3.6 17.7 55.1 3.5 5.8 1.0 1.4  23.5 0.3 1.3 1.9 0.4 1.6 1.5 4.9 12.8 18.7 20.9 2.7 3.0 6.5  14.1 0.3 3.2 2.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 8.2 17.8 22.7 6.2 4.7 2.1 16.4  18.9 0.2 2.6 1.1 0.5 1.3 3.5 4.3 17.8 0.2 4.8 3.2 10.1 31.5  11.3 0.3 2.8 1.0 0.7 2.1 5.5 3.7 18.3 0.1 0.6 4.6 9.5 39.5  25.0 0.4 3.6 2.9 0.4 0.6 1.5 2.0 21.2 12.0 11.8 3.7 5.3 9.6  6.6 0.9 2.4 5.7  12.5 1.5 2.6 2.8 2.0 3.2 4.3 4.7 12.2 26.0 12.9 3.9 3.8 7.6  1.1  0.6 1.9 4.2 24.3 30.9 0.6 6.2 9.9 4.7  43  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 1959  POPULATION AND INCOME, GEORGIA Population (Thou sands)  Income  Demographic Characteristics Percent of Population  Labor Force  Nonwhite  (Thousands)  Aggregate Income (Millions of Dollars)  No. of Income Recipients-!/  Average Income Per Recipient  (Thousands)  (Dollars)  1950  I960  1965  1960  1960  1959  1959  1959  3,445  3,943  4,357  28.6  1,516  5,359  1,932  2,773  1,532 727  1,863 1,017  2,122 1,221  21.4 22.8  736 414  2,951 1,958  932 515  3,167 3,804  Augusta Area Augusta SMSA  293 162  309 217  315 230  41.7 29.5  117 56  336 305  151 106  2,219 2,877  Columbus Area Columbus SMSA  324 171  371 218  358 204  33.2 29.4  151 91  486 307  190 110  2,561 2,790  Macon Area Macon SMSA  544 135  564 180  579 191  39.9 31.1  201 82  621 286  270 89  2,301 3,211  Savannah Area Savannah SMSA  309 151  368 188  380 188  34.5 34.1  137 72  473 285  173 90  2,730 3,149  South Georgia Albany SMSA  485 44  506 76  527 83  34.4 34.4  187 30  516 105  240 36  2,148 2,876  Georgia  Atlanta Area Atlanta SMSA  _]/ Persons 14 years and over who reported money income during 7959. NOTE: Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 41.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 44 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  GEORGIA'S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $1,189  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $1,163  Public Welfare $110 (9.5%)  Police and Fire Protection $47(4%)  _  Sanitation $30 (2.6%)  Recreation $9 (0.8%)  45  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, GEORGIA lJ (Millions of Dollars) Loans  Deposits  _7/ 2_  (Number)  Investments  Banks  1950  1960  1965  1950  I960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  State Total  1,734  2,927  4,232  727  1,508  2,585  600  928  1,228  329  363  383  Atlanta Area Atlanta SMSA  1,078 851  1,818 1,396  2,691 2,105  449 363  943 768  1,633 1,316  370 276  535 357  733 511  128 32  144 40  152 42  Augusta Area Augusta SMSA^Z  110 72  180 113  274 179  51 38  95 67  171 118  33 19  60 _ 30  84 50  28 3  30 4  35 7  Columbus Area Columbus SMSA  95 46  182 105  254 154  37 19  96 63  154 105  39 18  62 28  84 41  19 6  21 8  24 9  Macon Area Macon SMSA  169 68  276 107  391 155  66 33  130 62  235 106  64 22  106 27  130 38  72 3  75 5  80 6  Savannah Area Savannah SMSA  152 111  238 160  328 218  74 62  139 100  214 147  43 27  68 40  92 55  28 7  31 8  32 8  South Georgia Area Albany SMSA  153 29  267 50  341 68  58 15  119 29  200 42  56 7  111 18  123 25  59 5  67 5  65 4  1950 and 1960 data are December figures; 1965 data, June figures. Aiken County, South Carolina, excluded.  NOTE:  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropol itan Statistical Areas depicted on page 41.  Digitized46 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  TRADE AND SERVICES, GEORGIA Retail Trade Establish­ ments  Atlanta Area 1958 1963 Atlanta SMSA 1958 1963  Augusta Area 1958 1963 Augusta SMSA 1958 1963 Columbus Area 1958 1963 Columbus SMSA 1958 1963 Macon Area 1958 1963 Macon SMSA 1958 1963  Savannah Area 1958 1963 Savannah SMSA 1958 1963 South Georgia Area 1958 1963 Albany SMSA 1958 1963  Selected Services  Wholesale Trade  Sales Employment-^7 ($ Millions)  Establi shments  Employment^  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Sales Employment^7 ($ Millions)  16,214 17,332  96,082 99,636  1,844 2,449  3,080 3,787  40,456 50,289  4,357 6,364  8,177 10,392  37,786 45,408  268 414  7,721 8,146  63,519 65,670  1,229 1,619  2,321 2,821  35,330 42,691  3,999 5,733  4,957 6,120  28,391 34,022  217 336  3,468 3,490  15,165 15,855  289 368  397 424  3,038 3,181  173 192  1,361 1,642  4,875 5,471  25 37  1,852 1,894  9,934 10,358  191 249  247 264  2,267 2,334  129 146  854 1,005  3,475 3,943  19 27  3,017 3,145  15,864 15,364  281 351  316 353  2,613 3,392  167 225  1,286 1,472  5,446 6,083  29 38  1,706 1,730  10,240 9,882  181 229  194 219  1,748 2,282  112 144  793 903  3,773 4,222  21 28  5,234 3,442  22,575 23,563  425 561  604 741  4,849 6,250  300 399  1,956 2,344  6,919 7,579  39 52  1,401 1,557  8,962 9,721  170 232  213 261  2,412 2,930  139 173  717 898  3,639 3,996  22 31  3,443 3,485  17,476 17,557  324 400  490 541  5,283 5,193  398 448  1,563 1,810  7,291 6,801  40 50  1,622 1,577  10,538 9,591  192 218  301 316  3,642 3,505  316 335  877 932  4,465 3,904  24 28  4,830 5,037  21,321 21,939  411 523  629 758  5,096 7,340  338 471  1,839 2,318  6,140 6.884  36 46  593 684  3,522 4,179  68 99  119 147  1,246 1,958  95 124  295 400  1,496 1,712  10 13   -1/ Includes employees and proprietors. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  47  Limestone  Appalachian  Piedmont  Upper Coastal Plain  Peanut  Lower Coastal Plain  Flatwoods  Georgia  Farm population  1950 1960  75,117 26,675  47,321 14,682  336,572 112,170  132,952 57,054  168,723 87,825  165,764 90,686  35,986 18,176  962,435 407,268  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 1964  2,155 2,155  1,882 1,882  10,578 10,578  5,705 5,705  6,009 6,009  5,751 5,751  5,216 5,216  37,296 37,296  Percent of land in farms  1959 1964  51.3 46.6  30.2 26.2  49.0 43.9  56.7 48.9  73.5 68.1  69.4 64.7  22.3 21.8  52.7 48.0  Number of farms  1959 1964  8,256 6,837  5,901 4,981  35,893 28,625  13,325 9,693  17,006 11,801  21,052 17,128  4,917 4,221  106,350 83,366  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  133.8 146.8  96.3 99.1  144.4 162.2  242.7 287.9  259.6 344.5  189.6 217.4  236.1 269.6  184.8 214.6  9,874 8,753 34,182 50,641 44,056 59,424  1,847 1,769 27,958 48,084 29.804 49,995  40,360 31,723 136,023 204,053 176,383 236,193  39,082 52,374 29,125 37,494 68,207 89,905  93,914 143,496 48,216 53,992 142,129 197,636  83,636 112,624 39,993 51,805 123,629 164,558  12,569 16,684 10,539 11,869 23,108 28,569  281,281 367,423 326,036 457,928 607.317 826,280  Value of products sold by source ($ Tho usands) All crops 1959 1964 1959 Livestock and products 1964 1959 All farm products 1964-b7  ]/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, and other recreational services.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 48 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LOUISIANA  TRADE AND RANKING AREAS  The marshes of the ALEXANDRIA-LAKE CHARLES AREA are largely devoted to the growing of rice. This crop and the oil beneath the marshes form the area’s economic base. About half the farm cash receipts come from rice; most of the remainder, from cattle and calf production. Lake Charles, the area’s largest city, has access to the Gulf via a deep water channel. As a result, this city serves as an outlet for both the rice crop and petroleum products. Major manufacturing employers in the area, in addition to the chemical industry, are furniture, lumber, and wood and food processing industries.  Oil, government, and education provide a firm basis for the BATON ROUGE AREA’S economy. It is the only trade and banking area in the state which lists manufacturing as its chief employer. About a third of those em­ ployed in manufacturing work in petroleum, petrochemical, and related industries. The world’s largest oil refinery is located here amidst many oil fields. Baton Rouge is the state capital and home of Louisiana State University. Because of its location on the Mississippi River, the city is also a major port and the inland limit for ocean-going vessels. Livestock and sugarcane are major sources of income for inhabitants of the surrounding parishes.  Digitized for50 FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LAFAYETTE-IBERIA-HOUMA is primarily an agricultural area, with sugarcane and rice as chief products. The largest sweet potato growing area in the United States is located in Saint Landry and Lafayette Parishes. Farmers outnumber manufacturing workers. Even those employed in manufacturing are dependent on the dominant crops; processing of food and kindred products accounts for nearly half the manufacturing employment in the area. Wholesale and retail trade are major sources of income, reflecting the fact that the area’s small cities serve as distribution points for products from the surrounding agri­ culture. In recent years Lafayette has become an important center for the oil and gas industry.  For nearly two and a half centuries, the economy of the NEW ORLEANS AREA has drawn upon the trade moving through the crescent city. Today New Orleans ranks second in the nation in the value of foreign trade. Tourism also accounts for a sizable portion of the area’s income. In recent years the city has assumed the role of an industrial center. Ship building and repairs, food products, and oil refining are major manufacturing industries, along with the building and testing of space launch vehicles, a recently added industry. New Orleans East, an urban development covering 50 square miles, has virtually grown up around the NASA-Michoud plant which manufactures Saturn boosters. Plaquemines Parish, south of New Orleans, is rich in petroleum, natural gas, and sulphur.  Louisiana ■■■■ ■■■ Trade and Banking Areas  ■  lakV£HarlesJB   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ■ Counties Outside the District  IvXv/Sfl Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas  cadia  LAFAYETTE  1. Baton Rouge (East Baton Rouge) 2. Lafayette (Lafayette) 3. Lake Charles (Calcasieu) 4. Monroe (Ouachita)  5. New Orleans (Jefferson, Orleans, St. Bernard, St. Tammany) 6. Shreveport (Bossier, Caddo)  51  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN LOUISIANA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  Percentage Distribution Alexandria-Lake Charles  Baton Rouge Baton Rouge  Lake Charles  Total  Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational services Public administration Other  Lafayette-lberia-Houma  New Orleans New Orleans  Lafayette  Louisiana (6th District part)  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  9.4 8.7 14.8 4.5 10.3 7.5 19.8 3.1 6.0 4.5 26.2  2.3 9.1 20.5 2.5 18.0 8.5 20.6 3.6 5.6 3.9 25.9  6.2 9.9 18.8 4.1 14.7 5.7 18.2 3.4 8.9 5.4 23.5  1.0 9.2 19.9 3.0 16.9 5.6 19.6 4.3 10.7 6.1 23.6  14.0 8.6 9.7 2.6 7.1 7.6 19.5 2.3 5.7 2.7 29.9  9.6 7.9 7.8 2.1 5.7 8.1 21.7 3.8 7.6 2.7 30.8  2.1 7.3 16.8 6.1 10.7 10.8 21.4 4.7 5.1 5.6 26.2  0.6 6.9 15.8 6.2 9.6 12.1 22.0 5.3 5.0 5.5 26.8  6.3 8.1 15.6 4.9 10.7 9.0 20.2 3.8 6.0 4.6 26.4  Digitized for NOTE: FRASER Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 57. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 52 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN LOUISIANA, 1960 Major Components  Percent  60  __  Machinery —S Except Electrical  Printing and Publishing y  I  '77777777/. • • • • • I r1  Apparel  ■■■■■■■■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■■■ »_■ >■■■■■■■■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■ ■ ■■■■■■■■ h ■ ■■■■■■■■ ■ ■■■■■■a i a aa a  40  a a a a a d a a a a l a a a a a aa a a a a a a  Chemicals andt — Allied Productsi • ••••• ■.•.Food and^.*. Kindred L’.B. Pro ducts • — —ra • i ALEXANDRIALAKE CHARLES  40 •  a a a  a  •  a  %  • • a a  a aa a a a a ■ a a a a a a a aa a a a a ■ aaaaaaa a aa a a a i aa a a a a a aa a a a i aa a a a a a aa a a a i i aa a a a a a aa a a a  a a a a ■ ■ a a a a a a a r a a a a  BATON ROUGE  60  Transportation Equipment  • • • • •  |>.Ai  20  Percent  20  NEW ORLEANS  LAFAYETTEIBERIA  LOUISIANA  Percentage Distribution Alexandria-Lake Charles  Baton Rouge  Lafayette-lberia-Houma  New Orleans  Louisiana  (6th District Lake Charles  Total  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Baton Rouge  Lafayette  New Orleans  part)  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  21.6 0.3 1.1 1.6 0.4 0.1 1.4 4.2 13.1 0.1 0.1 4.4 19.1 32.5  2.7 0.4 1.1 1.4 0.4 0.0 1.6 4.5 9.4 0.1 0.2 3.5 28.5 46.2  8.3 2.1 3.9 1.8 0.5 0.2 0.5 4.5 9.8 0.1 0.7 5.1 32.9 29.6  1.9 1.9 4.1 1.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 4.4 9.2 0.1 0.2 6.3 35.8 33.4  5.1 0.7 4.7 6.7 0.6 0.1 5.9 3.4 47.1 0.2 0.7 5.6 8.0 11.2  3.1 0.5 9.8 3.0 1.7 0.2 0.5 7.6 40.8 0.2 0.4 10.4 3.8 18.0  5.8 4.9 5.4 2.9 1.4 0.4 8.9 6.7 25.1 1.0 7.1 5.3 6.8 18.3  3.5 5.6 6.8 3.4 1.7 0.5 9.7 8.0 24.7 1.2 8.3 6.2 5.7 14.7  8.4 3.2 4.4 3.0 1.0 0.3 5.6 5.5 22.7 1.0 4.0 5.0 13.8 22.1  53  POPULATION  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 19S9  Percent  POPULATION AND INCOME, LOUISIANA Population (Thousands)  Demographic Characteristics  -  Income  i  1965  Percent of Population  Nonwhite  Labor Force  Aggregate Income (Millions of  No. of Income Recipients—L  Average Income Per Recipient  (Thousands)  Dol lars)  (Thousands)  (Dollars)  1959  1959  1959  1950  I960  1,924  2,424  2,645  30.1  818  3,425  1,069  3,204  Alexandria-Lake Charles Area Lake Charles SMSA  338 90  420 145  456 160  24.3 20.9  135 51  512 224  182 63  2,814 3,562  Baton Rouge Area Baton Rouge SMSA  299 158  394 230  431 253  36.5 31.8  128 84  551 397  170 106  3,238 3,735  Lafayette-Iberia-Houma Lafayette SMSA  425 58  519 85  577 95  26.6 24.0  163 30  607 121  209 37  2,899 3,295  New Orleans Area New Orleans SMSA  958 712  1,225 907  1,320 980  39.1 30.9  444 335  1,933 1,558  573 432  3,371 3,645  Louisiana (6th District part)  1960  1/ Persons 14 years old and over who reported money income during 7959.  NOTE:  Digitized54 for FRASER  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 5 7.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1960   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LOUISIANA’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $1,252  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $1,310  Health and Hospitals $70 (5.3%)  4/  Police and Fire Protection $51 (3.9%) Sanitation $56 (4.3%)  Recreation $16 (1.2%)  55  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, LOUISIANA v (Millions of Dollars) Deposits  Loans  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1,127  2,256  2,969  358  933  Alexandria-Lake Charles Area Lake Charles SMSA  194 54  295 99  355 110  57 16  Baton Rouge Area Baton Rouge SMSA  172 133  334 270  468 384  Lafayette-Iberia-Houma Area Lafayette SMSA  184 31  356 60  New Orleans Area New Orleans SMSA  613 544  1,331 1,180  State Totak^7  (Number)  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1,553  593  887  1,109  93  115  131  115 36  178 55  85 23  125 44  146 46  20 3  25 4  28  44 36  142 117  266 228  87 70  136 108  174 136  20 5  23 7  25 7  473 81  47 11  123 27  209 45  86 12  165 19  216 25  33 2  41 3  45 4  1,761 1,541  220 202  576 520  944 839  356 315  490 410  609 512  25 11  31 16  38 21  _7/ 1950 and 1960 data are December figures; 1965 data, June figures. 2/ Sixth District portion only.  NOTE:  Digitized for56 FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Banks  Investments  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropol itan Statistical Areas depicted on page 51.  4  TRADE AND SERVICES, LOUISIANA Retail Trade Establish­ ments Alexandria-Lake Charles Area 1958 1963 Lake Charles SMSA 1958 1963  Baton Rouge Area 1958 1963 Baton Rouge SMSA 1958 1963 Lafayette-Iberia-Houma Area 1958 1963 Lafayette SMSA 1958 1963  New Orleans Area 1958 1963 New Orleans SMSA 1958 1963  Employment-2/  Selected Services  Wholesale Trade  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment -1/  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment 1/  Sales ($ Millions)  3,980 3,417  18,237 16,177  365 396  430 451  3,896 7,627  250 270  1,711 1,543  6,919 5,435  35 38  1,258 1,110  6,978 5,731  148 146  150 165  1,723 1,661  116 111  652 634  2,409 2,102  16 16  3,098 2,672  17,446 16,475  361 418  376 457  3,799 4,046  216 305  1,336 1,276  5,051 5,516  36 45  1,774 1,564  13,206 12,258  278 317  285 367  3,310 3,619  182 274  934 947  4,222 4,794  32 41  5,095 4,631  21,535 21,494  404 500  743 826  6,153 6,488  337 463  1,985 2,172  6,716 10,755  48 65  730 781  4,424 4,611  82 110  161 210  1,531 1,697  77 119  440 449  1,892 1,827  15 22  10.791 8,838  65,849 61,490  1,228 1,414  2,014 2,153  24,755 26,817  2,558 2,840  5,896 5,666  30,297 26,736  213 264  7,958 6,202  53,852 57,842  991 1,123  1,738 1,801  23,819 24,028  2,495 2,655  4,651 4,331  25,608 25,709  185 227  -L' Includes employees and proprietors.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  57  |T—’—• — •I  ■V.  ■  J*  I  I !  Louisiana  NON-DISTRICT AREA  \<  X  SELECTED  *  AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS  Type of Farming Area Rice  Sugarcane  Silt Loam  Gulf Truck  Non-District Area  Louisiana  Farm population  1950 1960  75,048 33,205  163,280 75,012  19,322 5,798  61,618 23,011  248,187 96,075  567,455 233,101  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 1964  6,223 6,223  6,209 6,209  849 849  3,755 3,755  11,833 11,833  28,868 28,868  Percent of land in farms  1959 1964  39.1 41.6  36.9 37.2  57.6 57.0  19.6 20.4  37.2 36.0  35.8 36.1  Number of farms  1959 1964  12,617 11,020  20,286 16,766  2,498 2,324  9,291 8,390  29,746 23,966  74,438 62,466  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  193.0 234.8  112.8 137.9  195.7 208.3  79.2 91.1  147.9 177.9  139.0 166.7  58,531 79,816  67,485 85,924  1,904 3,133  7,958 8,669  80,474 104,886  216,352 282,428  Value of products sold by source ($ Th ousands) All crops 1959 1964  Livestock and products  1959 1964  22,243 18,948  18,848 17,951  5,855 6,283  20,297 35,418  51,312 45,356  118,555 124,006  All farm products  1959 1964-^/  80,774 98,794  86,333 103.988  7,759 9,418  28,255 44,123  131,787 150,511  334,908 406,834  2/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, end other recreational services.   53 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MISSISSIPPI  TRADE AND RANKING AREAS In the HATTIESBURG-LAURELMERIDIAN AREA manufacturing firms are major employers. Like other areas in the southern half of Mississippi, timber and wood-using industries are the leading manufacturing firms. The process of making a hard board product was invented in Laurel. Apparel and textile industries account for about one-fourth of the manu­ facturing employment. Over 80 percent of cash receipts from farm marketings comes from livestock. Poultry and eggs, followed by cattle and calves, dairy and cotton production, predominate agricultur­ al activity. Since 1960, the population has been increasing, mainly in urban areas.  Digitized for60 FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  THE JACKSON AREA contains Mississippi’s only Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, Hinds and Rankin Coun­ ties. Rapid population growth in these counties has been sufficient to offset the marked declines in the rest of the area. Poultry production has expanded rapidly since 1945. It currently accounts for approximately 40 percent of the cash receipts and is the area’s largest farming enterprise. Cotton and beef production are next in importance. Timber produc­ tion and various wood-using industries employ a third of the manufacturing labor force. Trade, textiles, apparel, and food processing plants also provide a large number of jobs.  NATCHEZ was one of the first areas of the state to be settled; and its long history, which includes Spanish rule, plantation agriculture, and epic Civil War battles, has created an impor­ tant tourist business. In recent years, cotton and cattle, production have each accounted for approximately one-third of the region’s cash receipts from farm marketings. The balance of farm income comes from a wide variety of crops and livestock. Most of the land not farmed is covered with timber, which supports many of the wood-using industries. Nearly half the area’s labor force is employed in manufacturing firms. The total population in this trade and banking area has declined, since growth in Nat­ chez and Vicksburg has failed to offset the decline in the number of farm resi­ dents.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  "ST Talco" hall]  f  I,  —L !■  Mississippi Trade and Banking Areas  ■ ■■■ ■ Counties Outside the District  j Standard Metropolitan  Statistical Area  1. Jackson (Hinds, Rankin)  61  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN MISSISSIPPI, 1960 Major Components Percent  Percent  HATTIESBURGLAUREL-MERIDIAN  MISSISSIPPI  NATCHEZ  JACKSON  Percentage Distribution Hattiesburg-Laurel-Meridian Lauderdale  Total Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational services Public administration Other  Natchez  Jackson Jackson  Adams  Warren  Mississippi (6th District par  Area  County  Area  SMSA  Area  County  County  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  13.2 7.9 23.5 9.5 14.0 5.7 17.8 2.1 5.4 3.3 21.1  4.0 8.2 17.6 7.2 10.4 9.0 23.2 3.8 4.5 3.8 25.9  15.6 6.9 17.6 9.4 8.2 6.1 16.8 3.7 5.4 3.7 24.2  5.9 7.5 15.3 9.0 6.3 6.6 18.9 5.8 6.4 5.2 28.4  17.0 7.3 20.0 11.9 8.1 5.7 16.6 1.7 5.0 3.0 23.7  3.9 5.1 22.4 6.3 16.1 5.6 21.9 2.7 5.2 2.4 30.8  6.2 11.8 18.8 14.6 4.2 7.4 18.3 2.3 4.2 4.0 27.0  13.1 7.4 20.2 10.0 10.2 5.9 17.6 2.9 5.3 4.2 23.4   NOTE: Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Stat i sti cal Areas depicted on page 61. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 62 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MISSISSIPPI, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Electrical Machinery  Percent Transportation Equipment  Machinery Except Electrical  Zi  t • * ••••• 4 i • • •  60  60  r  ■■■■■■■ ■ ■  ‘??,W?AV»WAV«V ♦X*X*X*X*Xw«»v<  40  40 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■  Food and Kindred  ■ ■■■■■■■■■I  ■ ■■■■«■■■■■ ■ ■■■■■■«■■! ■__ - - - ,A___ V ■■■■■■■■ » ___ ■ ■■  &&x<<*x*x*x*x x*x*x*x<x*z*x»x%%*. ^$***%^**^  ■  %*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦%*♦*♦*♦*♦%*♦%*♦*♦*  20  ■ ■  ♦x*x«x*x*x*x*x*x <4X*X*X*X*XtXtXxX  X»X*X*X*X*J  •X«X»X4»X*X*X*X*Xt  20  *X*X*X*X*X*X*X*XV »X»X*X*XvXvXvX* ♦V>Vo%V&a*A*A*A*  HATTIESBURGLAUREL—MERIDIAN  NATCHEZ  JACKSON  MISSISSIPPI  Percentage Distribution Hattiesburg-Laurel-Meridian  Jackson Jackson  Lauderdale  Total  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Natchez  Mississippi  Adams  Warren  Area  County  County  6th District part)  Area  County  Area  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100,0  100.0  29.6 0.9 0.9 1.5 2.7 0.3 2.2 2.4 10.4 4.8 20.0 2.4 4.5 17.4  25.1 2.6 4.0 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.2 6.4 17.7 8.9 12.5 6.2 1.7 12.1  29.3 1.0 3.0 3.2 5.1 0.4 2.8 8.6 15.6 1.5 17.0 4.8 4.0 3.7  20.7 1.6 3.7 3.9 8.5 0.5 4.7 15.3 20.5 0.2 3.4 8.4 3.5 5.1  45.1 0.1 0.5 3.8 5.4 0.3 3.1 1.2 7.6 1.5 2.0 3.2 1.8 24.4  25.3 — 0.3 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 7.4 0.2 — 3.4 0.1 60.8  34.4 0.2 0.7 9.7 18.6 0.6 10.0 3.4 11.4 — — 4.7 5.7 0.6  28.1 1.0 1.8 2.4 3.6 0.3 7.8 4.8 12.9 2.6 14.7 3.5 4.0 12.5  SMSA  63  POPULATION  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 1959  Percent  Dollars  Laurel-Meridian  POPULATION AND INCOME, MISSISSIPPI Population (Thousands)  Demographic Characteristics Percent of Population Nonwhite  Income  Labor Force  Aggregate Income (Mill ions of  No. of Income Recipients-^/  (Thousands)  Do 1 lars)  (Thousands)  Per Recipient (Dol 1 ars)  Average Income  1950  1960  1965  1960  1960  1959  1959  1959  1,138  1,219  1,284  37.2  424  1,331  554  2,402  Hattiesburg-Laurel-Meridian Area Lauderdale County  386 64  381 67  402 73  30.7 35.0  128 8  379 82  172 34  2,198 2,415  Jackson Area Jackson SMSA  467 171  496 221  525 243  43.8 39.8  173 85  550 323  223 104  2,463 2,731  Natchez Area Adams County Warren County  157 32 40  153 38 42  151 39 43  56.2 49.5 46.8  51 14 16  146 46 52  68 17 21  2,132 2,689 2,509  Mississippi (6th District part)  (r  _]/ Persons 14 years and over who reported money income during 1959.  NOTE:  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropol itan Statistical Areas depicted on page 61.  Digitized64 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MISSISSIPPI’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $589  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $629  Health and Hospitals $53(8.4%)  Police and Fire Protection $19 (3%) Sanitation $10 (1.6%)  Recreation $3 (0.5%)  65  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, MISSISSIPPIv (Number)  (Millions of Dollars) Deposits  1950  1960  State Total  486  848  Hattiesburg-LaurelMeridian Area Lauderdale County  133 37  Jackson Area Jackson SMSA Natchez Area Adams and Warren Counties  Loans  1965  Investments  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1,153  129  370  630  248  337  422  93  92  91  209 49  269 62  33 10  85 20  126 29  73  :9i  21  20  112 24  33 3  33 3  33 3  254 159  471 320  648 446  68 47  215 160  382 288  120 67  168 93  218 127  40 9  40 9  40 9  55 38  75 51  96 67  15 11  35 26  51 39  28 20  32 20  35 21  12 4  12 4  11 4  _]_/ 1950 and 1960 data are December figures; 1965 data, June figures. 2/ Sixth District portion only.  NOTE:  66  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Stati stical Areas depicted on page 61.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Banks 1965  TRADE AND SERVICES, MISSISSIPPI  Retail Trade Establish­ ments  Hattiesburg-LaurelMeridian Area 1958 1963 Lauderdale County 1958 1963  Jackson Area 1958 1963 Jackson SMSA 1958 1963 Natchez Area 1958 1963 Adams County 1958 1963 Warren County 1958 1963  _!/  Employment27  Wholesale Trade  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment2^  Selected Services Sales ($ Millions)  Establ ishments  Employment27  Sales ($ Millions)  3,358 3,514  15,046 14,537  276 331  418 454  3,183 3,938  231 270  1,392 1,754  3,959 4,770  25 33  692 718  3,917 3,631  66 79  130 129  1,230 1,683  108 122  364 411  1,567 1,421  9 9  4,166 4,147  21,097 19,633  395 485  661 713  6,064 6,983  437 535  1,750 2,168  7,577 9,113  46 66  1,784 1,717  11,779 10,463  222 266  408 438  4,702 5,379  338 411  914 1,121  5,321 6,644  36 51  1,376 1,306  6,134 5,813  112 138  151 171  1,223 1,546  79 113  447 510  1,783 1,732  10 12  350 373  2,155 2,045  39 49  60 75  645 837  33 49  146 169  624 673  4 5  450 409  2,299 2,058  41 49  47 49  396 488  30 43  157 171  826 694  4 5  Includes employees and proprietors.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  67  SELECTED AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS  Type of Farming Area Silt Loam  Alabama-Mississippi Timber  Gulf Truck  Non-District Area  Missi ssippi  Farm population  1950 1960  167,452 73,930  275,809 129,813  9,940 3,359  644,006 335,734  1,097,207 542,836  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 1964  5,879 5,879  9,659 9,659  1,161 1,161  13,524 13,524  30,223 30,223  Percent of land in farms  1959 1964  61.6 59.6  50.3 47.4  17.2 14.4  73.6 70.3  61.6 58.7  Number of farms  1959 1964  20,914 16,473  41,274 36,240  2,073 1,527  73,881 54,901  138,142 109,141  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  173.2 212.8  117.6 126.2  96.2 109.1  134.7 173.2  134.9 162.6  36,828 53,460 34,835 33,742 71,663 87,256  27,194 34,874 89,840 131,624 117,034 166,532  840 935 2,524 2,017 3,364 2,959  291,937 387,531 81,502 80,501 373,439 468,113  356,799 476,800 208,701 247,884 565,501 724,860  Value of products sold by source (& Thousands) 1959 All crops 1964 1959 Livestock and products 1964 1959 All farm products 19642/  _!/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, and other recreational services.   68 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  TENNESSEE  TRADE AND RANKING AREAS THE CHATTANOOGA AREA, with a greater percentage of manufacturing employment than any other area in Tennessee, leads the state in textile and fabricated metals jobs. These two industries, plus chemicals, provide over one-half of the area’s manufacturing jobs. Although Chattanooga has long been known for her textile and metals industries, the region’s chemical industry is growing in importance. East of Chattanooga, the Ducktown copper district mines much of the South’s copper ore. Many of the farms in the area are operated only part-time. Poultry and eggs provide the chief source of cash farm receipts. Despite the dominance of poultry and eggs, livestock pro­ duction is well diversified. Cotton, the chief cash crop, provides about one-eighth of cash receipts.  KNOXVILLE possesses a diversified economy, with manufacturing, trade, education, and public adminis­ tration each being important. The city is the site of the University of Tennessee and headquarters for TVA, and its location on the Tennessee River supports its develop­ ment as a distribution center. Apparel and textile industries account for over 40 percent of manufacturing employment. Huge atomic energy production and research facilities give Oak Ridge the state’s highest average family income. Large aluminum sheet rolling mills are located in Alcoa and Maryville. East of Knoxville, the Smoky Mountains National Park provides the focus for a lively tourist industry. The mountainous land of the Knoxville area, extending into the Cumberland Plateau on the west and into the Smoky Mountains on the east, is best suited for tobacco, the chief cash crop. Livestock farming is about equally shared among dairy products, poultry and eggs, and cattle.  Digitized 70 for FRASER https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  THE NASHVILLE AREA is most diversified, being the only area in the District where the top four manufacturing indus­ tries account for less than one-half of manufacturing employment. The city of Nashville maintains a good balance of industrial, commercial, administrative, and educational activities. Products include nylon, cellophane, shoes, textiles, apparel, and aircraft. Outside of Nashville, nonfarm employment depends to a large extent upon defense and space expenditures. Clarksville and Murfreesboro rely upon military bases, while Huntsville (Ala.) and Tullahoma depend upon Redstone Arsenal and Arnold Engineering Development Center, respectively, for much of their economic activity. Livestock, dairy farms, cotton, and tobacco provide nearly three-quarters of the farm cash receipts. Most of the area’s growth has been concentrated in the urban centers of Nashville and Huntsville.  THE TRI-CITIES AREA is dotted with small farms dependent upon tobacco for the cash crop. Cash receipts are about equally shared by crops and livestock. Bristol strides the state line, with its population about equally divided between Virginia and Tennessee. Most of its manufacturing is in work clothes and chemicals. Kingsport has the second highest average family income in the state because of its chemical industry, which produces synthetic fibers, plastics, and industrial chemicals. Other industries include paper and textile mills. Johnson City, which has more of a nonmanufacturing climate, serves as a wholesale distributing point and medical center for veterans. Elizabethton, a few miles from Johnson City, has some large rayon factories.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tennessee KINGSPORT ;COTI  BR|ST-Q.L  %v>>\Cl*IBORNE  NtWfLLE'X JOHNSON CITY  ■m  ■  ■■■ Trade and Banking Areas  ■ Counties Outside the District  R%%*1 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.  Chattanooga (Hamilton • Walker, Georgia) Huntsville (Limestone, Madison, Alabama) Memphis (Shelby . Crittenden, Arkansas) Nashville (Davidson, Sumner, Wilson) Knoxville (Anderson, Blount, Knox)  71  CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT IN TENNESSEE, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  60  60  40  40  20  20  0  0 TRI-CITIES  NASHVILLE  KNOXVILLE  CHATTANOOGA  TENNESSEE  Percentage Distribution Chattanooga  Knoxville  Total Agriculture Construction Manufacturing Durable goods Nondurable goods Trans., comm., and public utilities Wholesale and retail trade Fin., ins., and real estate Educational services Public administration Other  SMSA  Area  SMSA  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  7.9 6.2 35.0 14.6 20.4 5.9 15.8 3.1 4.7 3.3 18.1  1.8 5.4 34.6 15.2 19.4 6.5 17.2 4.8 4.4 4.0 21.3  8.3 7.0 30.3 10.7 19.6 5.6 17.7 2.4 6.1 3.2 19.4  2.7 6.7 30.2 9.5 20.7 6.2 19.4 3.1 6.6 3.7 21.4  Tenness (6th Distric part)  Nashville  Huntsvil le  Sullivan  Washington  SMSA  SMSA  Area  County  County  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  12.1 7.5 26.0 11.3 14.7 5.6 17.0 3.3 5.3 4.0 19.2  3.4 6.9 23.7 8.6 15.1 7.5 19.6 5.2 5.7 4.8 23.2  12.2 7.9 32.0 24.4 7.6 3.6 16.1 2.0 4.8 5.2 16.2  12.2 6.9 31.7 9.9 21.8 6.0 16.2 2.3 5.1 2.1 17.5  4.4 7.1 38.7 9.9 28.8 6.3 17.3 2.7 4.3 1.8 17.4  10.0 7.4 25.4 9.7 15.7 5.2 18.1 3.0 6.5 2.4 22.0  10.2 7.0 28.6 10.8 17.8 5.8 17.0 3.1 5.5 3.4 19.4  Knoxville  Chattanooga  Area  Tri-Cities  Nashville  Area •  Digitized for NOTE: FRASER Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropol it an Statistical Areas depicted on page 71. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 72 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN TENNESSEE, 1960 Major Components  Percent  Percent  60  60  , a a a a. A a a a a ■ aaaaaaaFood &•■»■■ 1 .a « a a  40  40  /"Kindred Productsj\  20  Chattanooga  Tri-Cities  Nashville  Knoxville  TENNESSEE  Percentage Distribution Chattanooga  Knoxville  Chattanooga  Total  Furn., lumber, & wood products Primary metals Fabricated metals Machinery, except electrical Electrical mach. equip. Motor vehicle equipment Transportation equipment Other durable goods Food and kindred products Textile mill products Apparel Printing and publishing Chemicals and allied products Other nondurables  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tri-Cities  Nashville  Knoxville  Nashvi 1 le  Huntsvi lie  Sullivan  Tennessee Washington  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  Area  SMSA  SMSA  Area  County  County  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  12.6 4.3 13.3 3.2 2.6 0.3 0.7 5.6 6.8 28.4 7.7 2.5 5.9 6.1  6.4 5.6 17.0 4.4 2.0 0.3 1.0 7.4 8.4 28.5 1.9 2.9 9.2 5.0  12.6 10.9 2.6 1.5 1.1 0.3 0.3 6.1 8.9 16.0 8.2 2.9 26.2 2.4  3.4 15.3 2.1 1.5 0.6 0.2 0.1 8.1 9.3 12.9 8.3 3.8 32.2 2.2  8.1 2.6 12.6 2.2 5.3 0.7 4.3 7.6 9.1 5.5 16.8 6.9 7.4 10.9  4.9 0.7 7.1 2.7 7.1 0.9 2.3 10.6 12.2 5.2 7.8 15.0 10.3 13.2  1.6 0.8 56.6 3.8 3.7 0.1 8.7 1.0 5.1 6.7 1.8 2.3 4.3 3.5  8.4 1.0 4.9 2.8 5.2 0.3 0.2 8.2 6.3 9.8 6.0 8.8 32.4 5.7  3.6 1.2 6.6 3.6 0.4 0.4 0.1 9.8 4.9 8.6 6.1 11.4 36.1 7.2  15.0 1.6 4.2 3.3 2.6 0.2 0.2 11.1 9.8 15.9 6.6 4.4 21.3 3.8  (6th District part) 100.0  10.9 4.3 6.5 2.3 3.9 1.0 1.7 7.5 8.6 i 11.0 12.7 I' 5.7 16.0 7.9  73  POPULATION  INCOME PER RECIPIENT, 1959  Percent  nooga  Dollars  Cities  POPULATION AND INCOME, TENNESSEE Population (Thousands)  Income  Demographic Characteristics Percent of Popul ation Nonwhite  i  Labor Force (Thousands)  Aggregate Income (Millions of Dol lars)  No. of Income Recipients-^ (Thousands)  Average Income Per Recipient (Dol lars)  1950  I960  1965  1960  1960  1959  1959  1959  2,313  2,484  2,673  10.1  912  3,279  1,182  2,774  Chattanooga Area Chattanooga SMSA  576 246  615 283  655 311  10.4 17.7  223 109  801 461  286 138  2,803 3,345  Knoxville Area Knoxville SMSA  624 337  658 368  703 395  6.1 7.6  230 135  844 567  302 174  2,795 3,256  1,145 382 109  1,281 464 154  1,431 521 220  14.1 18.3 19.5  484 185 56  1,732 784 228  624 237 70  2,774 2,738 2,869  297 95 60  319 114 65  341 128 69  2.8 2.6 4.6  113 42 23  409 178 87  146 52 31  2,806 3,415 2,748  Tennessee (6th District part)  Nashville Area Nashville SMSA Huntsville SMSA Tri-C ities Sullivan County Washington County  _!/  Persons 14 years old and over who reported money income during 7959.  NOTE:  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 71.  74for FRASER Digitized https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  TENNESSEE’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENOE AND EXPENDITURE 1963-64 (Millions of Dollars and Percentages)  TOTAL REVENUE $1,011  TOTAL EXPENDITURE $1,030  Public Welfare $70 (6.8%)  Health and Hospitals $85 (8.3%)  Police and Fire Protection $44 (4.3%) Sanitation $22 (2.1%)  Recreation $12(1.2%)  75  SELECTED STATISTICS, INSURED COMMERCIAL RANKS, TENNESSEEv (Number)  (Millions of Dollars) Deposits  Loans  Banks  Investments  1950  I960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1950  1960  1965  1,275  2,171  3,050  472  1,050  1,682  533  759  1,031  192  197  198  Chattanooga Area Chattanooga SMSA  285 211  475 334  614 403  93 68  224 166  329 229  130 97  163 101  202 no  44 5  45 5  50 4  Knoxville Area Knoxville SMSA  272 203  468 324  674 464  71 50  207 142  337 230  144 111  191 133  271 187  39 10  44 11  46 12  Nashville Area Nashville SMSA Huntsville SMSA Tri-Cities Area Sullivan and Washington Counties  686 420 27  1,188 720 53  1,755 989 107  307 190 8  595 374 20  1,022 601 59  244 139 11  400 230 24  554 272 36  112 18  114 16  5  112 18 4  no  186  259  36  83  129  44  61  96  17  17  16  71  120  168  23  53  80  29  41  65  9  8  7  State Total-?/  7/ 7950 and 1960 data are December figures; 1965 data, June figures. Sixth District portion only.  NOTE:  Trade and Banking Areas and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas depicted on page 71.   76 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  TRADE AND SERVICES, TENNESSEE Retail Trade  Chattanooga Area 1958 1963 Chattanooga SMSA 1958 1963  Knoxville Area 1958 1963 Knoxville SMSA 1958 1963  Nashville Area 1958 1963 Nashville SMSA 1958 1963 Huntsville SMSA 1958 1963  Tri-Cities Area 1958 1963 Sullivan County 1958 1963 Washington County 1958 1963  Selected Services  Wholesale Trade  Establish­ ments  Employment I7  6,011 5,940  27,046 27,179  535 653  672 752  5,836 6,898  2,697 2,619  16,095 15,511  328 380  453 512  5,778 5,803  29,161 30,311  536 695  3,031 2,886  19,435 19,865  11,450 12,407  Sales ($ Millions)  Establish­ ments  Employment-1/  501 602  2,833 3,204  6,597 9,041  57 76  4,719 5,561  418 506  1,401 1,665  6,578 7,312  40 53  682 805  7,919 8,590  540 608  2,768 3,462  10,342 15,900  64 89  357 461  505 613  6,502 7,161  446 502  1,711 2,067  7,538 7,701  48 56  57,218 60,908  1,119 1,489  1,404 1,722  15,563 18,619  1,110 1,455  5,317 7,074  20,097 25,334  126 250  3,972 4,033  26,258 25,556  526 624  769 918  11,249 12,641  809 1,041  2,349 2,868  11,326 12,472  78 112  967 1,364  6,029 8,617  132 231  99 183  826 1,731  59 121  465 715  2,079 4,132  12 36  2,572 2,829  13,545 14,367  260 320  295 333  3,676 3,665  417 381  1,062 1,471  4,578 4,932  21 35  858 967  5,789 6,349  111 135  123 144  1,695 1,785  261 219  438 612  1,737 2,325  10 18  571 641  3,214 3,393  60 76  94 107  1,252 1,194  84 83  215 332  898 1,183  5 8  Digitized FRASER employees and propi ietors. AyforIncludes https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Establish­ ments  Employment-^7  Sales ($ Millions)  Sales ($ Millions)  77  Tennessee  SELECTED AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS r— NON-DISTRICT AREA  7 Type of Farming Area -.... Highland Rim  Farm population  1950 1960  Approximate land acreage (Thousands)  1959 19641/  Percent of land in farms  Central Basin  Appalachian  Limestone  Non-District Area  T ennessee  150,686 83,649  192,220 119,036  337,670 178,966  41,091 21,771  294,537 183,322  1,016,204 586,744  5,468 5,425  4,805 4,796  8,393 8,247  1,180 1,174  6,882 6,836  26,728 26,478  1959 1964  54.3 52.3  79.2 75.8  45.2 43.3  54.0 49.4  70.9 67.9  60.2 57.7  Number of farms  1959 1964  23,944 21,003  33,297 29,177  50,235 43,806  5,785 4,899  44,427 34,560  157,688 133,445  Average farm acreage  1959 1964  123.9 135.2  114.3 124.5  75.5 81.4  110.1 118.3  109.8 134.5  102.0 114.4  27,153 31,240 37,939 39,619 65,092 70,988  28,396 34,026 69,475 66,498 97,871 100,577  45,052 51,290 63,043 71,519 108,095 122,956  5,444 4,983 11,234 11,879 16,678 16,870  138,588 161,506 48,233 56,437 186,821 218,012  244,633 283,045 229,923 245,982 474,557 529,448  Value of products sold by source ($ Thousands) All crops 1959 1964 Livestock and products 1959 1964 All farm products 1959 19641/  7/ Reduced total reflects conversion of land acreages into lakes. 2/ Total includes income from hunting, fishing, and other recreational services.   78 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  —  SOURCES OF DATA  BANKING DATA Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population: 1960. Table 85 in each state book (1961).  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . County and City Data Book. Table 2 (1962). FARM DATA  Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population: 1960. Table 92 in each state book (1960-63).  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- County and City Data Book. Table 2 (1962). -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . Population Census: 1950. Vol. II, Table 49 in each state book (1952). -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . U. S. Census of Agriculture: 1959. Vol. I (1961). -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . (L  Census of Agriculture: 1964, preliminary county releases.  U. S. Department of Agriculture. Farm Income, State Estimates 1949-65, a Supplement to the July 1966 Farm Income Situation. Table 18 (August 1966). MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT  U. S. Bureau of the Census. 1963 Census of Manufacturing, Summary Series, General Statistics for States.  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . Census of Population: 1960. Table 85 in each state book (1961). NONMANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT  State Bureaus of Labor Statistics.  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population: 1960. Table 85 in each state book (1961). U. S. Department of Agriculture. Farm Labor (March 10, 1965), pp. 4-6.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  79  NUMBER OF INCOME RECIPIENTS AND THEIR INCOMES  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population: 1960. Table 86 in each state book (1961).  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . County and City Data Book. Table 2 (1962). PAYROLL AND PROCUREMENT DATA Department of Defense. Directorate for Statistical Services (1961-65).  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - . Military Prime Contract Awards, by Region and State. Fiscal years 1962-65. POPULATION State Boards of Health (1965).  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population: 1960. Tables 6 and 87 in each state book (1961).  SOURCES OF INCOME U. S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics. Survey of Current Business (July 1965), pp. 14-15. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE  U. S. Bureau of the Census. Government Finances in 1963^64. Tables 16, 21, and 23 (1965).  TRADE AND BANKING AREA DESCRIPTIONS Bogue, Donald J. and Beale, Calvin L. Economic Areas of the United States. (New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1961).  TRADE AND SERVICES  80FRASER Digitized for https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  U. S. Department of Commerce. Census of Business, 1958. Vols. II, IV, and VI, Table 102.  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - .  Census of Business, 1963. Table 3 in each state book.