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IO W A S T A T E

TEAS' ’

EEGE

SEP 211959

L i u ........ <

EARNINGS IN WHOLESALE TRADE

Distribution of Non supervisory Workers in
Selected Wholesale Trade Industries by
Straight-Time Hourly Earnings

JUNE 1958

Bulletin No. 1253
UN ITED STA TES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




EARNINGS IN WHOLESALE TRADE
JUNE 1958

Bulletin No. 1253
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREA U

O F LA B O R S TA TIS TIC S

Ew an Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. * Price 30 cents










Preface
T h e U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s p r o v i d e s in th is r e p o r t the b a s i c r e s u l t s o f a n a t i o n ­
w id e s u r v e y of s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s ) of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( e x c l u d i n g o u t s i d e s a l e s ­
m e n ) in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e .
T h e s u r v e y w a s l i m i t e d to the t h r e e
m a j o r e m p l o y i n g g r o u p s in the w h o l e s a l e t r a d e i n d u s t r y —
m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , a g e n t s and b r o k e r s , and a s s e m b l e r s of
farm p rod u cts.
T h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d data r e f e r to June 1958.
T h e s u r v e y w a s p a r t o f a b r o a d p r o g r a m of s t u d ie s
in itia t e d b y the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r in c o n n e c t i o n w ith F e d ­
e ra l m in im u m w age le g islation .
The W a g e and H o u r and
P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s p a r t i c i p a t e d in the p la n n in g o f the
s u r v e y and p r o v i d e d the n e c e s s a r y f u n d s .
T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s D i v i s i o n o f
W a g e s and I n d u s t r ia l R e l a t i o n s .
The s t a t i s t i c a l and s a m p l i n g
t e c h n i q u e s w e r e d e v e l o p e d b y S a m u e l E . C o h e n and T h e o d o r e
G o lo n k a ; the a n a l y s i s w a s p r e p a r e d b y H e r b e r t S c h a f f e r u n d e r
the d i r e c t i o n o f N o r m a n J. S a m u e l s .




Contents
Page
S u m m a r y —-------------------------- ----- ----- --------------------------—— —------ —
C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------ ------ -------------M e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ------------------------------C o m p a n y s i z e -------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------M e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s -------------------------------— ----------------------------S e l e c t e d w h o l e s a l e lin e s ------------------------------------------------------------

1

A s s e m b l e r s of f a r m p r o d u c t s --------—------------------------ ----------------W a g e c o m p a r i s o n s a m o n g ty p e s o f w h o l e s a l i n g --------—--------

C harts:
1.

2.

3.

4.

P e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t io n s o f a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s in
w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , United States
and r e g i o n s --------- ------------—--------------------------------------—-------- ------------------------C u m u la t iv e p e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t io n s o f a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y ,
o f f i c e and i n s id e s a l e s , and o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e b y h o u r l y e a r n i n g s --------------------------------------- ------------C u m u la t iv e p e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t io n s o f a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s in m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
b y h o u r l y e a r n in g s --------------------------------------------------------- — —----------------------P e r c e n t a g e d i s t r i b u t io n s o f a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d b y m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , a g en ts and b r o k e r s ,
and a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s b y h o u r l y e a r n in g s ------------------------

9

10

11

12

T a bles:
1.

2.

3.

4.

D i s t r i b u t i o n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e
b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , U nited States
and r e g i o n s --------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s
in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , U nited S tates and r e g i o n s -— -------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e d i s t r i b u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s
in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ,
U nited States and r e g i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in
w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r s i z e o f c o m p a n y , United States
and r e g i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------- -----




v

13

14

15

18

Contents—- Continued
Page

T a b l e s : — C on tin u ed
5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

P e r ce n ta g e d istrib u tion of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s
in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-*tim e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , U nited States
and r e g i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------- — —
P e r ce n ta g e distrib u tion of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s
in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r s e l e c t e d w h o l e s a l e lin e s o f m e r c h a n t
w h o l e s a l e r s , United S t a t e s ---------------------------- --------------------------------------------N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , f o r
s e l e c t e d w h o l e s a l e l in e s o f m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s ,
United States and r e g i o n s --------- ------------------------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e d is t r i b u t i o n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in
w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r a g en ts and b r o k e r s , United States
and r e g i o n s ----------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------ ---------P e r c e n t a g e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in
w h o l e s a l e tr a d e b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s , f o r a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s , U nited
S tates and r e g i o n s -----------------------------------------------------—--------------------------------

21

22

23

24

25

w>

A pp endixes:
.
.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y --------------------------------------------------------------------------Q u e s t i o n n a i r e --------------------- —-------------------------------------------------- -----------------------




vi

27
31

Earnings in Wholesale Trade. June 1958

Sum m aryW o r k e r s in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e within the s c o p e o f this s u r v e y a v e r a g e d
$ 1 . 7 4 an h o u r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s in June 1958.
Of the l 1
/* m i l l i o n n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , 43 p e r c e n t w e r e e m p l o y e d in o f f i c e and
i n s id e s a l e s j o b s .
T h e i r a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f $ 1 . 8 6 e x c e e d e d th o s e f o r o th e r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s b y 20 c e n ts an h o u r .

W h o l e s a l e r s in the N o r t h e a s t and the N o r th C e n t r a l r e g i o n s e a c h e m p l o y e d
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 30 p e r c e n t of the N a t i o n !s w h o l e s a l e t r a d e w o r k f o r c e ; 25 p e r ­
cen t w e r e e m p l o y e d in the South; and 15 p e r c e n t in the W e s t .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
v a r i e d a m o n g th e s e r e g i o n s b y as m u c h as 55 ce n ts an h o u r .
N on su p ervisory
e m p l o y e e s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 4 3 in the South, $ 1 . 7 5 in the N o r th C e n t r a l , $ 1 . 8 7 in the
N o r t h e a s t , and $ 1 . 9 8 in the W e s t .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s
w o r k e r s w e r e h ig h e r than th o s e f o r o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s in e a c h o f the
f o u r r e g i o n s , w ith d i f f e r e n c e s ra n g in g f r o m 6 cen ts in the N o rth C e n t r a l to
26 cen ts in the N o r t h e a s t .

A l m o s t f o u r - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w e r e e m p l o y e d in the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s o f the c o u n t r y . W o r k e r s in t h e s e a r e a s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 8 3 , 39 cen ts an h o u r
m o r e than t h o s e in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s .

C o m p a n i e s w ith f e w e r than 20 w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d 42 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; th o s e w ith 20 to 99 w o r k e r s , 38 p e r c e n t ; and th o s e w ith
100 o r m o r e w o r k e r s , 20 p e r c e n t .
C o m p a n y s i z e a p p e a r e d to h a v e little o v e r a l l
a f f e c t , i f any, on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s , w h ic h w e r e $ 1 . 7 9 in the l a r g e s i z e g r o u p ,
$ 1 . 7 6 in the s m a l l s i z e , and $ 1 . 7 1 in the m e d i u m s i z e .

M o r e than 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 w o r k e r s (abou t 14 p e r c e n t ) e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5
an h o u r and a lik e n u m b e r w e r e paid $ 2 . 4 0 o r m o r e .
A lm o s t three of e v e r y
f o u r w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r w e r e n o n o f f i c e e m p l o y e e s and m o r e
than h a l f w e r e e m p l o y e d in the South. A lth o u g h a h ig h e r p r o p o r t i o n o f n o n m e t r o ­
p o lita n than m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a w o r k e r s r e c e i v e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 , the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s b e l o w that l e v e l e x c e e d e d the n u m b e r in the n o n ­
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s b y abou t 2 2 , 0 0 0 .

M e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s e m p l o y e d 86 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y and paid an a v e r a g e o f $ 1 . 7 6 an h o u r . The h ig h e s t a v e r a g e e a r n ­
ings a m o n g the t h r e e s e g m e n t s o f w h o l e s a l e tr a d e stu d ied s e p a r a t e l y w e r e $ 1 . 8 1
f o r w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y a g en ts and b r o k e r s and the l o w e s t , $ 1 . 4 3 f o r w o r k e r s
e n g a g e d in a s s e m b l i n g f a r m p r o d u c t s .

Data f o r n in e w h o l e s a l e m e r c h a n d i s e l in e s w e r e a v a i la b le s e p a r a t e l y .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 6 0 in m o t o r v e h i c l e s to $ 1 . 9 2 in d r y g o o d s
and a p p a r e l . A l m o s t t h r e e o f e v e r y f o u r w o r k e r s in m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l i n g e a r n ­
ing l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r w e r e e m p l o y e d b y m i s c e l l a n e o u s m e r c h a n t w h o l e ­
s a l e r s , h a n d le r s o f g r o c e r i e s and f o o d s p e c i a l t i e s , and d i s t r i b u t o r s o f e d ib le
farm p rod u cts.




2
C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of W h o l e s a l e T r a d e
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e in its e a r l i e s t f o r m dates b a c k to B i b l i c a l t i m e s w h en
c a r a v a n s u n lo a d e d th e ir g o o d s at the m a r k e t p l a c e . The G r e e k s r e c o g n i z e d w h o l e ­
s a l in g as a d i s t i n c t b r a n c h o f c o m m e r c e , l a r g e l y w ith r e s p e c t to i m p o r t and e x ­
p o r t t r a n s a c t i o n s . 1 A d a m S m ith in h is W ea lth o f N ation s n o te d the i m p o r t a n c e o f
the w h o l e s a l e d is t r i b u t i o n fu n c t io n in the e m p l o y m e n t o f c a p it a l.
T o d a y , the c o m ­
p l e x i t y o f o u r e c o n o m y has m a d e w h o l e s a l i n g a v it a l and i n d i s p e n s a b l e s e c t o r o f
our b u s in e s s stru ctu re.
The d e fi n it i o n o f w h o l e s a l i n g u s e d in this stu dy c o n f o r m s w ith that o f the
1949 e d it io n o f the Sta n da rd I n d u s tr ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l ( V o l u m e II, N o n ­
m a n u f a c t u r i n g I n d u s t r i e s ) p r e p a r e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t . T h is d e fi n it i o n
i n c lu d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in s e l l i n g m e r ­
c h a n d is e to r e t a i l e r s ; to i n d u s t r i a l , c o m m e r c i a l , i n s titu tio n a l, o r p r o f e s s i o n a l
u s e r s ; o r to o t h e r w h o l e s a l e r s ; o r a c tin g as a g en ts in b u y in g m e r c h a n d i s e f o r
o r s e l l i n g m e r c h a n d i s e to s u c h p e r s o n s o r c o m p a n i e s .
M e r c h a n d i s e o f e v e r y d e s c r i p t i o n is d is t r i b u t e d at w h o l e s a l e b y m e r c h a n t
w h o l e s a l e r s , a gen ts and b r o k e r s , a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s , s a l e s b r a n c h e s
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and m i n in g c o m p a n i e s , and p e t r o l e u m b u lk s t a t io n s .
O n ly the
f i r s t th r e e o f t h e s e m a j o r ty p e s o f w h o l e s a l i n g a r e in c lu d e d in this stu d y .
They
a c c o u n t , h o w e v e r , f o r a b ou t t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f the i n d u s t r y e m p l o y m e n t .
W h ole­
s a lin g o r g a n i z a t i o n s r a n g e in s i z e f r o m s in g l e unit o p e r a t i o n s to c o m p a n i e s w ith
b r a n c h o p e r a t i o n s th ro u g h o u t the c o u n t r y . The a v e r a g e w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t
e m p l o y s a b ou t 10 w o r k e r s .
A p p r o x i m a t e l y t h r e e - f i f t h s o f the e m p l o y m e n t in
w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w a s d iv id e d b e t w e e n the N o r t h e a s t and N o r th C e n t r a l r e g i o n s ;
the South a c c o u n t e d f o r a b ou t a f o u r t h , w ith the r e m a i n d e r in the W e s t .
N early
f o u r o f e v e r y f i v e w o r k e r s w e r e e m p l o y e d in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s and the p r i n c i p a l
c e n t e r f o r w h o l e s a l e a c t i v i t i e s w a s New Y o r k C it y w h i c h a c c o u n t e d f o r a l m o s t
h a l f o f the w h o l e s a l e t r a d e e m p l o y m e n t in the N o r t h e a s t . 3
A c c o r d i n g to the 1950 C e n s u s o f P o p u l a t i o n , 4 a ll but a fifth o f the w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w e r e m e n .
A lth o u g h th ey w e r e e m p l o y e d in a
v a r i e t y o f j o b s r a n g in g f r o m e n g i n e e r s to l a b o r e r s , s a l e s w o r k w a s b y f a r the p r e ­
d o m in a n t o c c u p a t i o n and p r o v i d e d e m p l o y m e n t f o r a fo u r t h o f the m e n . M o s t o f
the w o m e n (65 p e r c e n t ) in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w e r e c l e r i c a l p e r s o n n e l s u c h as s t e n o g ­
r a p h e r s , t y p i s t s , s e c r e t a r i e s , and b o o k k e e p e r s .
The j o b s k i l l s r e q u i r e d in the
i n d u s t r y a r e to a l a r g e exten t i n f l u e n c e d b y the m e r c h a n d i s e lin e s c a r r i e d . F o r
e x a m p l e , i n d u s t r i a l d i s t r i b u t o r s f r e q u e n t l y h i r e e n g i n e e r s w h o a r e f a m i l i a r w ith
the p r o b l e m s o f the p r o s p e c t i v e c u s t o m e r s , w h e r e a s a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s
r e q u i r e a l a r g e n u m b e r o f l a b o r e r s in m a t e r i a l s h an d lin g j o b s .
Data fu r n is h e d b y the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t i c s in its E m p l o y m e n t and
E a r n iiig s S e r i e s s h o w e d that the e m p l o y m e n t ga in in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a v e r a g e d
abou t 4 p e r c e n t a n n u a lly b e t w e e n 1939 and 1957. M o r e o v e r , e m p l o y m e n t in w h o l e ­
s a l e tr a d e a p p e a r e d to b e l e s s a f f e c t e d b y c y c l i c a l tr e n d s than that in m a n u f a c t u r ­
ing and r e t a i l t r a d e . A n o t h e r a s p e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t in w h o l e s a l i n g is the r e l a t i v e
l a c k o f s e a s o n a l f l u c t u a t i o n s , a lth ou gh e m p l o y m e n t l e v e l s do tend to d e c l i n e a ft e r
the C h r i s t m a s s e a s o n .
In 1957, f o r e x a m p l e , m o n t h l y e m p l o y m e n t v a r i e d at a
m a x i m u m o f o n ly 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .

1 B e c k m a n , T , N. and E n g le , N. H * , W h o l e s a l i n g , The R o n a ld P r e s s C o . ,
New Y o r k , 1949.
2 1954 C e n s u s o f B u s i n e s s , U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f C o m m e r c e , B u r e a u o f the
C e n s u s , B u ll . W - H .
3 Ibid .
4 1950 C e n s u s o f P o p u la t i o n , O c c u p a t i o n b y I n d u s tr y , S p e c i a l R e p o r t P - E
N o, 1, U . 5 . D e p a r t m e n t o f C o m m e r c e , B u r e a u o f the C e n s u s .




3
W h olesa le

Trade

A n e s t i m a t e d 1 , 4 8 2 , 7 0 0 n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s 5 w e r e e m p l o y e d in the
t h r e e m a j o r s e g m e n t s o f w h o l e s a l e tr a d e — m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , a gen ts and
b r o k e r s , and a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s ---- i n c lu d e d in the p r e s e n t stu dy . T h e s e
w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 7 4 an h o u r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s in June 1958.
A l l but
6 . 5 p e r c e n t o f th e s e e m p l o y e e s had e a r n in g s ra n g in g f r o m $1 to $3 an h o u r 6
(c h a r t 1).
The m i d d l e h a lf o f the w o r k e r s e a r n e d b e t w e e n $ 1 . 2 5 and $ 2 . 1 0 an
h o u r ; lik e p r o p o r t i o n s o f a p p r o x i m a t e l y 14 p e r c e n t w e r e p aid l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 and
$ 2 .4 0 or m o r e .
The l a r g e s t s in g l e c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f w o r k e r s at any one w a ge
i n t e r v a l w a s at $1 to $ 1 . 0 5 ; an e s t i m a t e d 1 8 2 ,5 0 0 w o r k e r s ( 1 2 . 3 p e r c e n t ) w e r e
at this i n t e r v a l .
E a r n in g s w e r e d is t r i b u t e d e v e n l y o v e r a 3 0 - c e n t ra n g e a r o u n d
the a v e r a g e (ta b le s 1 and 2 ).
F o r p u r p o s e s o f this stu dy, n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s w e r e d iv id e d into
two b r o a d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s — o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s and o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
e m p l o y e e s . 7 V ie w e d b r o a d l y , the f o r m e r g r o u p ca n b e c o n s i d e r e d as "w h ite c o l l a r
w o r k e r s '* and the l a t t e r , " b lu e c o l l a r w o r k e r s . " A b o u t 43 p e r c e n t ( 6 3 9 , 8 0 0 ) o f
the w o r k e r s in w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w e r e e n g a g ed at the ti m e o f the stu dy in c l e r i c a l
and r e l a t e d o f f i c e fu n c t io n s o r as i n s id e s a l e s p e r s o n n e l .
T h eir stra ig h t-tim e
e a r n in g s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 8 6 , 20 c e n ts an h o u r m o r e than o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
e m p l o y e e s . Th is d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the two g r o u p s is r e f l e c t e d in the d i s t r i b u ­
tio n , p r i m a r i l y at the l o w e r w a g e l e v e l s and, to a l e s s e r ex ten t, at the u p p e r
w a g e l e v e l s ( c h a r t 2 ).
A b o u t 1 5 0 ,0 0 0 n o n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , o r n e a r l y 18 p e r c e n t ,
r e c e i v e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r and a c c o u n t e d f o r n e a r l y t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f a ll
the w o r k e r s p aid th e s e r a t e s .
O t h e r w i s e , the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in b o th
g r o u p s at the v a r i o u s e a r n in g s i n t e r v a l s w e r e n ot to o w i d e l y d i f f e r e n t , a lth ou gh
a bou t 5 0 , 0 0 0 o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s , c o m p a r e d w ith 2 5 , 0 0 0 o th e r n o n ­
s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s , e a r n e d $3 o r m o r e an h o u r (ta b le s 1 and 2 ).
N a tio n w id e data w e r e d iv id e d into f o u r b r o a d g e o g r a p h i c a l r e g i o n s . 8
The
N o r t h e a s t e m p l o y e d 4 4 7 , 000 o r 30 p e r c e n t o f the w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w o r k e r s w ithin
s c o p e o f the stu dy and the p r o p o r t i o n in the N o r th C e n t r a l a r e a w a s r o u g h l y
s i m i l a r . Th e South a c c o u n t e d f o r 25 p e r c e n t of the w o r k f o r c e , o r 369, 700, and
the W e s t f o r 15 p e r c e n t , o r 2 2 7 , 7 0 0 .
The h ig h e s t a v e r a g e r e c o r d e d w a s $ 1 . 9 8
in the W e s t , f o l l o w e d b y $ 1 . 8 7 in the N o r t h e a s t , $ 1 . 7 5 in the N o rth Central^
and $ 1 . 4 3 in the South (ta b le s 1 and 2 ).
The 55 c e n ts an h o u r d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the South and the W e s t , o r e v e n
the 11 c e n ts d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the N o r t h e a s t and W e s t , i n d i c a t e s s ig n i f ic a n t
v a r i a t i o n in the d i s t r i b u t io n s o f e a r n in g s a m o n g the r e g i o n s .
A lm o s t three-ten th s
o f the w o r k e r s in the South e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r .
T h e s e 1 0 6 ,3 0 0 w o r k ­
e r s r e p r e s e n t e d m o r e than h a lf o f the w h o l e s a l e t r a d e w o r k e r s in the c o u n t r y
f a l li n g b e l o w this l e v e l .
N e a r l y a m a j o r i t y o f the s o u t h e r n w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s
than $ 1 . 2 5 w h e r e a s a bou t 13 p e r c e n t e a r n e d $2 o r m o r e an h o u r .
In the o th e r
r e g i o n s , the l a r g e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 w a s 12 p e r c e n t
in the N o rth C e n t r a l; and n o m o r e than 7 p e r c e n t w e r e foun d in the N o r t h e a s t
and W e s t . The p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e a r n in g $2 o r m o r e r a n g e d f r o m 31 p e r c e n t
in the N o rth C e n t r a l to 47 p e r c e n t in the W e s t .

5 E x c l u d e s o u t s id e s a l e s m e n .
6 F o r e a s e o f r e a d i n g , in this and s u b s e q u e n t d i s c u s s i o n s o f ta b u l a t i o n s , the
l i m i t s o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s a r e d e s ig n a te d as $1 to $ 3 , $1 to $ 1 . 0 5 , e t c . , i n ­
s tea d o f u s in g the m o r e p r e c i s e t e r m i n o l o g y o f $1 and u n d e r $ 3 , $1 and u n d e r
$ 1 .0 5 , etc.
7 S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r d e fin itio n s o f th e s e b r o a d o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .
8 S ee f o o t n o t e 3, ta b le 1, f o r lis t in g o f S tates in e a c h r e g i o n .




4

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s ra n g e d f r o m
$ 1 . 5 8 in the South to $ 2 . 1 0 in the W e s t ; f o r o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s , the
r a n g e w a s f r o m $ 1 . 3 3 to $ 1 . 8 9 in the s a m e tw o r e g i o n s .
The d i f f e r e n c e in
a v e r a g e e a r n in g s b e t w e e n the two o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s w ith in r e g i o n s a m o u n te d to
o n ly 6 cen ts an h o u r in the N o r t h C e n t r a l , but r a n g e d f r o m 21 to 26 c e n ts in the
other re g io n s .
The l o w e r e a r n in g s l e v e l s f o r n o n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ca n b e r e a d i l y o b s e r v e d
in the d i s t r i b u t i o n s , p a r t i c u l a r l y at the l o w e r end o f the w a g e s c a l e . F o r e x a m p l e ,
at p a y l e v e l s o f l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 w e r e 2 3 , 1 0 0 o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s o r
72 p e r c e n t o f a ll the w o r k e r s in the N o r t h e a s t e a r n in g th e s e r e l a t i v e l y low w a g e s ;
8 1 . 2 0 0 o r 76 p e r c e n t in the South; 3 6 , 2 0 0 o r 67 p e r c e n t in the N o r th C e n t r a l; and
1 0 .2 0 0 o r 78 p e r c e n t in the W e s t (ta b le s 1 and 2 ).
The n a r r o w e r p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l noted in the N o rth C e n t r a l b e t w e e n the two
b r o a d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s is a l s o r e f l e c t e d in the w a g e d i s t r i b u t i o n s .
In that
r e g i o n , 19 p e r c e n t o f the o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s and 22 p e r c e n t o f the
o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h o u r ; c o m p a r e d w ith
10 and 19 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y , in the N o r t h e a s t ; 32 and 57 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c ­
t i v e l y , in the South; and 7 and 16 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y , in the W e s t .
M e t r o p o l i t a n and N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s
The b u s i n e s s s ite o f the w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is a f a c t o r w h i c h a p ­
p a r e n t l y i n f l u e n c e s w a g e s . In June 1958, n e a r l y f o u r o f e v e r y f i v e w o r k e r s w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w h e r e a v e r a g e e a r n in g s w e r e $ 1 . 8 3 , 39 c e n ts
an h o u r a b o v e n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s (ta b le 3 ) . 9
A l m o s t t h r e e - t e n t h s o f the w o r k e r s in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s r e c e i v e d
l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r , c o m p a r e d w ith a l m o s t a tenth in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s .
D e s p i t e this d i f f e r e n c e in p r o p o r t i o n s , a l m o s t 2 2 , 0 0 0 m o r e w o r k e r s in m e t r o ­
p o lit a n than in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 .
M o r e than tw o fifth s o f the w o r k e r s in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h o u r ,
m o r e than t w i c e the p r o p o r t i o n in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s . E a r n in g s o f $2 o r m o r e
w e r e paid to n e a r l y t h r e e - e i g h t h s o f the w o r k e r s in the l a t t e r g r o u p , a b ou t 2 l/z
t i m e s the p r o p o r t i o n in the f o r m e r g r o u p ( c h a r t 3).
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a a v e r a g e s f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s and o t h e r n o n ­
s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e x c e e d e d th o s e in n c n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s b y 42 and 33 c e n t s ,
r e s p e c t i v e l y . D i f f e r e n c e s in w a g e l e v e l s b e t w e e n o f f i c e and in s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s
and o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s w e r e g r e a t e r in m e t r o p o l i t a n than in n o n m e t r o ­
p o li t a n a r e a s ---- 19 and 10 c e n t s , r e s p e c t i v e l y . T h e s e r e l a t i o n s h i p s can a l s o b e o b ­
s e r v e d in the w a g e d i s t r i b u t i o n s . The p r o p o r t i o n o f o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s
e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w a s m o r e than t h r e e t i m e s as
g r e a t as in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , w h e r e a s the p r o p o r t i o n o f o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s at this w a g e i n t e r v a l in s m a l l c i t i e s w a s l e s s than t w i c e the p r o p o r ­
tion found in l a r g e c i t i e s . T h e p r o p o r t i o n s o f o f f i c e and in s i d e s a l e s and o th e r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s at th o s e w a g e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w e r e 1 2 . 5 and
2 4 . 2 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y , c o m p a r e d w ith 3 9 . 7 and 4 4 . 9 p e r c e n t in n o n m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a s .
On a r e g i o n a l b a s i s , e m p l o y m e n t in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s r a n g e d f r o m
abou t s e v e n - t e n t h s o f the w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w o r k e r s in the South to m o r e than n i n e tenths in the N o r t h e a s t .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 4 9 in the South to $ 2 . 0 8 an h o u r in the W e s t , and f o r th o s e in
9

S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r d e fi n it i o n s o f m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s .




5
n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s f r o m $ 1 . 2 9 to $ 1 , 7 3 in the s a m e tw o r e g i o n s . A v e r a g e s
in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e x c e e d e d th o s e in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s b y 20 cen ts an
h o u r in the South, 35 c e n ts in the W e s t , 45 cen ts in the N o r th C e n t r a l , and
46 cen ts in the N o r t h e a s t .
Of the a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 1 3 ,8 0 0 w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s
than $ 1 . 0 5 in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , the South e m p l o y e d h a lf , the N o r th C e n t r a l a
fo u r t h , the N o r t h e a s t a fifth , and the W e s t a tw en tieth .
In n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ,
the South e m p l o y e d m o r e than h a lf o f the 9 1 , 9 0 0 w o r k e r s p aid l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 , the
N orth C e n t r a l a bou t t h r e e - t e n t h s , and the N o r t h e a s t and W e s t n e a r l y a tenth e a c h .
P a y a d v a n ta g e s h e ld b y o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s in l a r g e c o m ­
m u n it ie s o v e r th o s e in s m a l l c o m m u n i t i e s r a n g e d f r o m 23 ce n ts an h o u r in the
W e s t to 53 cen ts in the N o r t h e a s t , and f o r o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s , the d i f ­
f e r e n c e s r a n g e d f r o m 12 ce n ts in the South to 45 cen ts in the N o rth C e n t r a l .
D i f f e r e n c e s in w a g e l e v e l s b e t w e e n o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s and o th e r n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s w e r e s m a l l e s t in the N o rth C e n t r a l r e g i o n in b o th m e t r o p o l i t a n
and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s (2 and 4 c e n t s , r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . The l a r g e s t d i f f e r e n c e
b e t w e e n the two g r o u p s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w a s r e c o r d e d in the South (29 c e n t s ) ,
and in n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , the W est (26 c e n t s ) .

C o m p a n y S iz e
Data do not p r o v i d e c o n c l u s i v e e v i d e n c e c o n c e r n i n g the e f f e c t o f c o m p a n y
s i z e on the w a g e s t r u c t u r e in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e . C o m p a n i e s e m p l o y i n g f e w e r than
20 w o r k e r s a c c o u n t e d f o r 42 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k f o r c e , c o m p a n i e s w ith 20 to
99 w o r k e r s , f o r 38 p e r c e n t , and th o s e w ith 100 o r m o r e w o r k e r s , f o r 20 p e r c e n t .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s w e r e $ 1 . 7 9 an h o u r in the l a r g e s i z e c o m p a n i e s , $ 1 . 7 6 in the
s m a l l s i z e , and $ 1 . 7 1 in the m i d d l e s i z e . A lth o u g h a 5 - c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l e x i s t e d
b e t w e e n the a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f the m i d d l e and s m a l l s i z e g r o u p s , and an 8 - c e n t
d i f f e r e n t i a l b e t w e e n the m i d d l e and l a r g e s i z e g r o u p s , r o u g h l y , the s a m e p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s (19 to 25 p e r c e n t ) in e a c h o f the g r o u p s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5
an h o u r .
The e f f e c t o f c o m p a n y s i z e on w a g e s is a l s o o b s c u r e if the n a t io n ­
w id e e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s and o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s a r e
e x a m i n e d . F o r e x a m p l e , o f f i c e and in s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s in the s m a l l s i z e c o m ­
p a n ie s had the h ig h e s t a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s th o s e in the l a r g e s i z e c o m p a n i e s had
the l o w e s t a v e r a g e (ta b le 4 ).
The p a tte r n is f u r t h e r c o m p l i c a t e d a f t e r i n s p e c t i n g the data on a r e g i o n a l
b a sis.
The h ig h e s t a v e r a g e s in the W e s t f o r a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s w e r e
in the s m a l l and m i d d l e s i z e c o m p a n i e s , but in the N o r t h e a s t , the h ig h e s t a v e r a g e
w a s in the l a r g e s i z e c o m p a n i e s . V ie w e d a n o t h e r w a y , e a r n in g s in the N o r t h e a s t
w e r e d i r e c t l y r e l a t e d to the s i z e o f the c o m p a n y , w h e r e a s e a r n in g s in the W e s t
w e r e i n v e r s e l y r e l a t e d to the s i z e .
In the o th e r two r e g i o n s , the m i d d l e s i z e
c o m p a n i e s had the l o w e s t e a r n i n g s .

M erchant W h olesa lers
A s i n d ic a te d e a r l i e r , the stu dy w as l i m i t e d to t h r e e s e g m e n t s o f w h o l e ­
s a l e t r a d e . The m o s t i m p o r t a n t s e g m e n t , n u m e r i c a l l y , w a s m a d e up o f m e r c h a n t
w h o l e s a l e r s w h o, in June 1958, e m p l o y e d 1 , 2 8 0 , 0 0 0 n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s
r e p r e s e n t i n g 86 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s i n c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
C o n s e q u e n t ly ,
t h e ir e a r n in g s e x e r t e d g r e a t i n f l u e n c e on the o v e r a l l w a g e s t r u c t u r e in w h o l e s a l e
trade.
T h e s e w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 7 6 , 2 ce n ts an h o u r m o r e than the a v e r a g e
f o r the t h r e e s e g m e n t s c o m b i n e d .
A b o u t an eigh th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s
than $ 1 . 0 5 and a n o t h e r eigh th $ 2 . 5 0 o r m o r e ; a p p r o x i m a t e l y a f o u r t h w e r e at
e a c h o f t h r e e e a r n in g s r a n g e s
$ 1 . 0 5 to $ 1 . 4 5 , $ 1 . 4 5 to $ 1 . 9 0 , and $ 1 . 9 0 to
$ 2 . 5 0 (tab le 5).




6
O f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s a v e r ­
a g e d $ 1 . 8 4 , 14 ce n ts an h o u r a b o v e the l e v e l f o r o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s .
A lt h o u g h the p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l b e t w e e n the two o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s w a s 6 c e n ts l e s s
than the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the tw o g r o u p s in the t h r e e s e g m e n t s c o m b i n e d , the
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s at the v a r i o u s w a g e i n t e r v a l s w e r e n ot s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f ­
f e r e n t f r o m the o v e r a l l d i s t r i b u t i o n a l p a t t e r n in w h o l e s a l e t r a d e .

low ed
South.
hour,
$ 2 . 50
11 to

On a r e g i o n a l b a s i s , the h ig h e s t a v e r a g e w a s $ 2 . 0 6 in the W e s t , f o l ­
b y $ 1 . 8 5 in the N o r t h e a s t , $ 1 . 7 9 in the N o r th C e n t r a l , and $ 1 . 4 4 in the
A l m o s t 46 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in the South e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an
c o m p a r e d w ith f r o m 7 to 17 p e r c e n t in the o th e r r e g i o n s .
E a r n in g s of
o r m o r e w e r e paid to 6 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in the South, c o m p a r e d w ith
21 p e r c e n t in the o t h e r r e g i o n s .

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e and in s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s e x c e e d e d
t h o s e o f o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s b y 24 cen ts in the South, 22 ce n ts in the
N o r t h e a s t , and 7 c e n ts in the W e s t .
E a r n in g s w e r e i d e n t i c a l f o r b o th g r o u p s
in the N o r th C e n t r a l r e g i o n .
A c o m p a r i s o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in b o th
o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r i e s p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 i l l u s t r a t e s th e s e p a y d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g the r e g i o n s . F o r e x a m p l e , in the South, e a r n in g s f o r 32 p e r c e n t o f the o f f i c e
and in s i d e s a l e s and 56 p e r c e n t o f the o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s f e l l b e lo w
the $ 1 . 2 5 l e v e l , w h e r e a s eq u a l p r o p o r t i o n s o f 17 p e r c e n t w e r e at this l e v e l in
the N o r th C e n t r a l .

S e le cte d W h o le sa le L in es
The w a g e p i c t u r e f o r m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s w o u ld n ot b e c o m p l e t e w ith ou t
e x a m i n i n g b r i e f l y the w a g e l e v e l s p r e v a i l i n g in the v a r i o u s c o m p o n e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
Data f o r 9 w h o l e s a l e lin e s a r e a v a i l a b l e s e p a r a t e l y . M e r c h a n t s w h o l e s a l i n g m i s ­
c e l l a n e o u s p r o d u c t s , s u c h as m e t a l s , p a p e r , b e e r , f u r n i t u r e , e t c . , e m p l o y e d
a b ou t o n e - h a l f m i l l i o n n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t i n g n e a r l y tw o o f e v e r y
f i v e w o r k e r s in m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l i n g .
H a n d le r s o f g r o c e r y p r o d u c t s and m a ­
c h i n e r y e q u ip m e n t t o g e t h e r e m p l o y e d abou t o n e - t h i r d m i l l i o n w o r k e r s and a c ­
co u n te d f o r one o f e v e r y f o u r w o r k e r s . W h o l e s a l e r s o f m o t o r v e h i c l e s and f a r m
p r o d u c t s e a c h e m p l o y e d f e w e r than 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 w o r k e r s , and d i s t r i b u t o r s o f e l e c t r i c a l
g o o d s , h a r d w a r e and r e l a t e d s u p p l i e s , d r y g o o d s , and d r u g p r o d u c t s c o m b i n e d
e m p l o y e d a l m o s t on e o f e v e r y f i v e w o r k e r s (tab le 6).
A m o n g the v a r i o u s w h o l e s a l e l i n e s , a v e r a g e e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 6 0
in m o t o r v e h i c l e s to $ 1 . 9 2 in d r y g o o d s and a p p a r e l . W o r k e r s in m i s c e l l a n e o u s
w h o l e s a l i n g a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 7 6 an h o u r , the s a m e as f o r m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s as a
g r o u p . A v e r a g e s f o r t h r e e o t h e r w h o l e s a l e l in e s f e l l b e l o w and t h r e e o t h e r s w e r e
a b o v e that w a g e l e v e l .
A lth o u g h the l o w e s t a v e r a g e e a r n in g s w e r e r e c o r d e d in m o t o r v e h i c l e s ,
o n ly 13 p e r c e n t o f th e s e w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r c o m p a r e d w ith
25 p e r c e n t in h a n d le r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s and 17 p e r c e n t in g r o c e r i e s .
L e s s than
10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s w e r e at that w a g e l e v e l in the o t h e r w h o l e s a l e l i n e s ,
e x c e p t m i s c e l l a n e o u s w h o l e s a l i n g w h e r e 12 p e r c e n t e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an
hour.
A t the o t h e r end o f the p a y s c a l e , 29 to 38 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s e a r n e d
$2 o r m o r e an h o u r in e a c h o f the w h o l e s a l e l i n e s , e x c e p t in m o t o r v e h i c l e s .
The t h r e e m a j o r e m p l o y e r s w ith in e a c h o f the r e g i o n s w e r e m i s c e l l a n e o u s
m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , s u p p l i e r s o f m a c h i n e r y , and d i s t r i b u t o r s o f g r o c e r i e s and
food s p e c ia lt ie s .
W a g e l e v e l s w e r e g e n e r a l l y h i g h e s t in the W e s t , f o l l o w e d b y
the N o r t h e a s t , the N o r th C e n t r a l , and the South. In the g r o c e r y l in e , h o w e v e r ,
the N o rth C e n t r a l ra n k e d s e c o n d in e a r n in g s (table 7 ) 0




7
A g e n ts and B r o k e r s
A g e n t s and b r o k e r s e m p l o y e d 1 06,900 n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s , a p p r o x i ­
m a t e l y 7 p e r c e n t o f the w h o l e s a l e tr a d e w o r k e r s in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e s e
w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 8 1 an h o u r , the h ig h e s t a v e r a g e a m o n g the t h r e e s e g m e n t s
s tu d ie d .
E a r n in g s f o r the m i d d l e h a l f of t h e s e w o r k e r s w e r e d i s p e r s e d s o m e w h a t
e v e n l y b e t w e e n $ 1 . 1 5 and $ 2 . 2 0 an h o u r .
The m o s t a p p a r e n t c o n c e n t r a t i o n of
w o r k e r s w a s at the $1 to $ 1 . 0 5 w a g e i n t e r v a l , w h e r e m o r e than a fifth o f the
w o r k e r s w e r e fou n d .
E a r n in g s o f at l e a s t $3 an h o u r w e r e paid to a l m o s t 9 p e r ­
cen t o f the w o r k e r s (tab le 8).
The m a j o r i t y o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y a gen ts and b r o k e r s h e ld o f f i c e and
inside sales jo b s .
T h e i r a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f $ 2 . 07 e x c e e d e d t h o s e f o r o th e r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s b y 60 c e n t s . A l m o s t f o u r - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s e a r n in g
l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r w e r e o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s .
M o r e than t w o fifth s o f the o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s w e r e at that w a g e l e v e l c o m p a r e d w ith
f e w e r than a tenth of the o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s .
A b o u t h a l f o f the w o r k ­
e r s in the l a t t e r g r o u p e a r n e d at l e a s t $2 an h o u r , w h e r e a s f e w e r than a fifth o f
th o s e in the f o r m e r g r o u p w e r e at this r e l a t i v e l y h igh w a g e l e v e l .
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s w e r e $ 2 o l 5 in
the N o r t h e a s t , $ 1 . 7 0 in the N o r th C e n t r a l, and $ 1 . 4 7 in the South.
A lth o u g h
the a v e r a g e in the N o rth C e n t r a l w a s 23 cen ts an h o u r m o r e than in the South,
33 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in that r e g i o n e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 c o m p a r e d w ith
29 p e r c e n t in the South. M e d ia n e a r n i n g s , h o w e v e r , w e r e at the $ 1 . 5 0 l e v e l in
the N o r th C e n t r a l and $ 1 . 3 0 in the South.
A b o u t 7 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in
the N o r t h e a s t e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r and m o r e than h a lf r e c e i v e d at
l e a s t $2 an h o u r .
M a r k e d d i f f e r e n c e s in e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n o f f i c e and in s i d e s a l e s and
o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e x i s t e d a m o n g the r e g i o n s .
A lth o u g h the n u m b e r o f
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y a g e n ts and b r o k e r s e x c e e d e d the n u m b e r o f n o n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s f o r the c o u n t r y as a w h o l e , the o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d a m a j o r i t y
o f the w o r k e r s o n ly in the N o r t h e a s t .
In that r e g i o n , 80 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d b y a gen ts and b r o k e r s w e r e o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s .
In the
South and N o r th C e n t r a l , o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s d o m in a t e d e m p l o y m e n t .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f $ 2 . 2 3 f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s in the N o r t h e a s t
e x c e e d e d th o s e in the N o rth C e n t r a l b y 19 c e n t s , and in the South b y 64 cen ts
an h o u r . The $ 1 . 8 4 a v e r a g e f o r o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s in the N o r t h e a s t
w a s 40 and 46 cen ts an h o u r m o r e than f o r th o s e in the o th e r two r e g i o n s ,
resp ectively.
The d i f f e r e n c e s in e a r n in g s b e t w e e n the two o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s
r a n g e d f r o m 21 cen ts in the South to 60 c e n ts in the N o rth C e n t r a l .
These d if­
f e r e n c e s in w a g e l e v e l s b e t w e e n the two g r o u p s a p p e a r to s t e m p r i m a r i l y f r o m
the c o n c e n t r a t i o n s in the l o w e r w a g e i n t e r v a l s .
F o r e x a m p le , a lm o s t n in e-tenths
o f the w o r k e r s in the N o r th C e n t r a l , abou t t h r e e - f o u r t h s in the N o r t h e a s t , and
n e a r l y t h r e e - f i f t h s in the South e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 an h o u r w e r e o th e r n o n ­
su p e rv iso ry w o r k e r s .
A ssem b lers

of F a rm

Products

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s at s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s w e r e $ 1 . 4 3 f o r the 9 5 , 8 0 0 n o n ­
s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y w h o l e s a l e a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s at the
t im e o f the s u r v e y . A b o u t a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s w e r e c o n c e n t r a t e d b e l o w the
$ 1 . 0 5 w a g e l e v e l and a n o t h e r f o u r t h w e r e w i d e l y d i s p e r s e d a b o v e the $ 1 . 70 l e v e l
(table 9 ).
O f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s e m p l o y e e s a v e r a g e d $ 1 . 6 0 an h o u r , 22 ce n ts m o r e
than o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s w h o co n s titu te d t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f t h o s e e m p l o y e d
b y a s s e m b le r s of fa r m p r o d u c ts .
Th e m a j o r d i f f e r e n c e in the e a r n in g s d i s t r i b u ­
tion s b e t w e e n the two g r o u p s o c c u r r e d at the l o w e r w a g e l e v e l s .
T w enty-three




8

p e r c e n t of the o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s r e c e i v e d l e s s than $ 1 . 1 0 an h o u r ,
and 3 7 p e r c e n t o f the o th e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s than that a m o u n t .
A s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s e m p l o y e d 3 2 , 6 0 0 w o r k e r s in the N o r th
C e n t r a l , 2 9 , 8 0 0 in the W e s t , 2 6 , 5 0 0 in the South, and 6 , 9 0 0 in the N o r t h e a s t .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 3 2 in the South to $ 1 . 5 5 in the W e s t , the la t t e r
a v e r a g e e x c e e d i n g th o s e in the N o r t h e a s t and N o rth C e n t r a l b y 12 and 13 c e n t s ,
resp ectively.
T h e s e p a y d i f f e r e n c e s a r e r e f l e c t e d in the w a g e d i s t r i b u t i o n s .
E a r n in g s o f l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 w e r e paid to 7 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in the W e s t ,
a l m o s t 30 p e r c e n t in the N o r th C e n t r a l and the N o r t h e a s t , and 44 p e r c e n t in the
South.
V a r i a t i o n s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s at the o t h e r end o f the p a y s c a l e s
w e r e s u b s t a n t i a ll y s m a l l e r — a bou t 10 to 20 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in e a c h o f the
r e g i o n s e a r n e d $2 o r m o r e an h o u r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s e x c e e d e d th o s e f o r
o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s b y 5 c e n ts in the N o r t h C e n t r a l , 30 c e n ts in the
N o r t h e a s t , 32 c e n ts in the South, and 44 c e n ts in the W e s t .
R e l a t i v e l y little
d i f f e r e n c e e x i s t e d in the N o r th C e n t r a l b e t w e e n the p r o p o r t i o n s o f o f f i c e and i n ­
s id e s a l e s and o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 , 32 and
26 p e r c e n t r e s p e c t i v e l y , and the p r o p o r t i o n s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 w e r e a l m o s t
id en tica l.
In the o t h e r r e g i o n s , the d i f f e r e n c e s at the l o w e r w a g e i n t e r v a ls w e r e
s h a r p as b e t w e e n the two o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s .
In the South, f o r e x a m p l e , a bou t
h a l f o f the o t h e r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 , w h e r e a s o n ly
a fifth o f the o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s r e c e i v e d l e s s than that a m o u n t .
W age C om p a ris o n s A m on g Types

of W h olesalin g

W a g e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s foun d in e a c h o f the t h r e e m a j o r ty p e s o f w h o l e ­
s a l in g s tu d ied v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y .
The $ 1 . 8 1 a v e r a g e r e c o r d e d b y w o r k e r s e m ­
p l o y e d b y a gen ts and b r o k e r s w a s a l m o s t 27 p e r c e n t h ig h e r than the a v e r a g e f o r
a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s and 3 p e r c e n t h ig h e r than f o r m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s .
D e s p i t e the h ig h e r a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y a g en ts and b r o k e r s ,
23 p e r c e n t o r abou t 2 4 , 500* e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 0 5 c o m p a r e d w ith 26 p e r c e n t o r
2 4 , 9 0 0 in a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s , and 12 p e r c e n t o r a b ou t 1 5 6 ,2 0 0 in m e r ­
chant w h o l e s a l e r s .
The p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 w e r e
2 9 , 44, and 22 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y . The d is t r i b u t io n s at the u p p e r w a g e i n t e r ­
v a l s r e f l e c t e d the m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s in w a g e l e v e l s n oted b e t w e e n m e r c h a n t w h o l e ­
s a l e r s and a gen ts and b r o k e r s and the d i s t i n c t l y l o w e r p a y l e v e l s o f a s s e m b l e r s
o f f a r m p r o d u c t s . E a r n in g s o f $2 o r m o r e an h o u r w e r e p a id to 32 p e r c e n t o f
the w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s and 36 p e r c e n t o f th o s e e m p l o y e d
b y a g e n ts and b r o k e r s . Only 14 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y a s s e m b l e r s
o f f a r m p r o d u c t s e a r n e d th e s e r e l a t i v e l y h ig h w a g e s ( c h a r t 4).
V a r ia t i o n s in h o u r l y e a r n in g s a l s o p r e v a i l e d a m o n g the r e g i o n s .
For ex­
a m p l e , a v e r a g e e a r n in g s in the N o r t h e a s t f o r th o s e e m p l o y e d b y m e r c h a n t w h o l e ­
s a l e r s and a gen ts and b r o k e r s e x c e e d e d a v e r a g e e a r n in g s f o r th o s e e m p l o y e d b y
a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s b y 29 and 50 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
In the South,
p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n c e s a m o u n te d to o n ly 9 and 11 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
A m o n g the t h r e e s e g m e n t s o f w h o l e s a l e tra/de, a v e r a g e e a r n in g s v a r i e d
m o r e w i d e l y f o r o f f i c e and i n s i d e s a l e s w o r k e r s than t h o s e f o r n o n o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A v e r a g e s f o r the f o r m e r o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 6 0 f o r th o s e e m p l o y e d
b y a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s to $ 2 .0 7 f o r th o s e e m p l o y e d b y a g e n ts and b r o k e r s ,
w h e r e a s a v e r a g e s f o r the n o n o f f i c e w o r k e r s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 .3 8 f o r th o s e w o r k ­
ing f o r a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s to $ 1 . 7 0 f o r th o s e w o r k i n g f o r m e r c h a n t
w h o l e s a l e r s . The d i f f e r e n c e in e a r n in g s b e t w e e n the tw o o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s a l s o
v a r i e d a m o n g the t h r e e typ es o f w h o l e s a l i n g — 14 c e n t s , m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s ;
22 c e n t s , a s s e m b l e r s o f f a r m p r o d u c t s ; and 60 c e n t s , a g e n ts and b r o k e r s .




9

Chari 1. Percentage Distributions of
A ll Nonsupervisory Workers in Wholesale Trade
By Hourly Earnings,1 United States and Regions, June 1958
UNITED STATES
Percent

Under

Sl.00

0__________10________ 20_________30________ 40
i--------------------1
------------- 1
-------------------- r
1

45

tSS L..,
1 25
1.25
1.50

‘i

and under

1.50

and under

o nn
6 .U U

2.00

and under

2.50

l:/

?v

$2.50
ond Over

NORTHEAST

NORTH CENTRAL

SOUTH

W EST

UNITED STA TES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




^Excludes premium pay for overtime, and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




Chart 2. Cumulative Percentage Distributions of All Nonsupervisory,
Office and Inside sales, and Other Nonsupervisory Workers in Wholesale Trade
By Hourly Earnings,1 June 1958

.
.
H o u rly earnings

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

1 Excludes premium pay fo r overtime,
an(j f or wor| on weekends, holidays,
<
and late shifts.




Percent

Chart 3. Cumulative Percentage Distributions of All Nonsupervisory Workers
in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas
By Hourly Earnings,1 June 1958

H o u rly E a rn in g s

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Exc lud es premium

pay for overtime, and for

work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.

12

Chari A . Percentage Distributions of All Nonsupervisory Workers Employed
by Merchant Wholesalers, Agents and Brokers,
and Assemblers of Farm Products
By Hourly Earnings,1 June 1958

H o u rly E a rn in g s
UNITED STA TE S DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
b u rea u

OF LABOR s t a t i s t i c s




i _ .
Excludes premium pay for overtime, and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Less than 0.5 percent.

13
T A B L E 1.

D is t r ib u ti o n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w ho le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
hour ly e a r n i n g s , 2 United S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 Ju n e 1958

AV erage hou rl y e a r n in g s 2

Un der $ 1 . 0 0

South
N ortheast
United S t a t e s
All non­ Offic e and Other non­ Al l non­ Of fic e and Other no n­ Al l non­ O ffice and Other non­
super­
super­
in sid e
super­
super­
super­
in sid e
super­
in sid e
visory 4
visory 4
sales
v isory 4
sales
visory 4 visory 4
sales
visory 4

_______________________
$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20
$1.25

22 . 7

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1.25
$ 1.30
$ 1.35
$1.40
$ 1.45
$ 1.50
$ 1. 60
$1.70
$1.80
$ 1 .9 0
$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$ 2 . 50
$2.60
$2.70
$2.80
$2.90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

84. 0
64. 7
59.0
45.4
32.2
45.3
18.4
1 8. 2
12. 7
7. 1
7 4 .3
1,482.7
$ 1.74

639. 8
$1.86

182. 5
30.3
56. 6
27.6
37. 6
84.8
41 . 1
51.9
4 2.9
27. 7

unde r $ 1 . 3 0 ___________
unde r $ 1 . 3 5 ___________
under $ 1 . 4 0 --------------under $ 1 . 4 5 ___________
unde r $ 1 . 5 0 ___________
under $ 1. 60 ___________
unde r $ 1 . 7 0 ___________
under $ 1 . 8 0 ___________
under $ 1 . 9 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 0 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 1 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 2 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 3 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 4 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 5 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 8 0
under $ 2 . 9 0
unde r $ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r ______________ _____

___________
___________

N u m b er of w o r k e r s _______________
A v e r a g e ho u rl y e a r n i n g s 2 ________

13.5

9. 1
45. 5
10. 1
1 9 .3
10. 9
15.4
34.3
18.4
24.0
1 9 .3
14.8
53.4
42.2
44.4
39. 9
19.2
42.0
25.5
21.5
1 7. 3
11.7
2 4. 5
7. 5
8.8
8. 1
3.5
4 9. 1

___________
___________

$ 1.00
$ 1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

no. 6
85. 9
87. 9
83.4
47.8

137 .1
20.3
37.3
1 6 .7
22.2
50. 5
22.6
27.9
23.6
12.9
5 7 .2
43.7
43.6
43.4
28. 7
41.9
39.2
37.5
28. 1
20 . 5
20.8
1 0 .8
9.4
4. 6
3.6
25.2
842.9
$1.66

4.6
27. 3
5.9
13.6
6.9
9.3
24.0
11. 5
14.5
12.4
8 .2
36.2
31.7
2 7.9
26.9
16.4
30.8
22.9
22 . 1
16. 6
1 5 .0
1 5. 2
6.3
7.2
4.3
2. 5
2 6. 9
447.0
$1.87

1.5

3. 1

11. 1

3. 5

7. 6

7.4
2.0
4. 1
1.9
4.0
9.8
5.2
6. 8
5.3
4.4
16. 1
1 4 .2
14. 1
14. 7
6.4
1 6 .1
10.6
9.3
5.0
6. 6

95.2
12.9
26.1
10.5
16. 7
25 . 7
13.0
1 7 .0
11.7
7. 1
22.2
16.0
16.5
1 2 .2
7.0
9.0
7.4
4.4
3. 3
1.8
7.0
2. 1
1.5
1.6
.5
10. 3

21.6
5.0
8. 1
4.4
6.4
11.3
6.6
7. 1
6.5
3. 6
11. 6
8. 5
9 .1
7 .2
4.0

73.6
7.9
1 8 .0
6. 1
10.3
14.4
6.4
9.9
5 .2
3. 5
10. 6
7.4
7.4
5. 1
3. 0

5. 5
3.2
2. 7
1.5
.9
4. 1
1. 7
.6
1.3
.2
6.2

3 .6
4.2
1. 7
1.8
1.0

9.9
2. 6
4. 6
2 .4
1 .0
20.0

20.0
3 .9
9.5
5. 0
5. 3
1 4 .2
6.3
7. 7
7 .0
3.8
20 . 1
17.4
13.9
1 2 .2
9. 9
14. 7
12.4
12. 8
11. 6
8.4
5.3
3. 7
2.5
1.9
1 .5
6.9

2 06 . 1
$2.01

24 0. 9
$1.75

369. 7
$1.43

1 5 2 .2
$1.58

21 7. 5
$1.33

North C e n tr a l
Un der $ 1 . 0 0 _________________ ______
$ 1 . 0 0 and unde r $ 1 . 0 5 ____________
$ 1 . 0 5 and under $ 1 . 1 0 ____________
$ 1 . 1 0 and under $ 1 . 1 5
$ 1 . 1 5 and unde r $ 1 . 2 0
$ 1 . 2 0 and unde r $ 1 . 2 5 ____________
$ 1 . 2 5 and under $ 1 . 3 0 ____________
$ 1 . 3 0 and unde r $ 1 . 3 5 ____________
$ 1 . 3 5 and under $ 1 . 4 0 ____________
$ 1 . 4 0 and unde r $ 1 . 4 5 ____________
$ 1 . 4 5 and under $ 1 . 5 0 ____________
$ 1. 5 0 and u nde r $ 1 . 6 0
$ 1 . 6 0 and unde r $ 1 . 7 0 ____________
$ 1 . 7 0 and unde r $ 1 . 8 0
._ .
$ 1 . 8 0 and unde r $ 1 .9 0 ____________
$ 1 . 9 0 and under $ 2 . 0 0
_
$ 2 . 0 0 and under $ 2 . 1 0 ____________
$ 2 . 1 0 and under $ 2 . 2 0 _
$ 2 . 2 0 and under $ 2 . 3 0 ____________
$ 2 . 3 0 and under $ 2 . 4 0
$ 2 . 4 0 and under $ 2 . 5 0
. . .
—
$ 2 . 5 0 and under $ 2 . 6 0
$2 . 60 and unde r $ 2 . 70
$ 2 . 7 0 and under $ 2 . 8 0 ____________
$ 2 . 80 and under $ 2 . 90
$ 2 . 9 0 and under $ 3 . 0 0 ____________
$ 3 . 0 0 and o v e r ____________________
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s ________________
A v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n in g s 2

______

—

6 .2
47. 7
5.8
12. 7
8.7
9 .3
26.3
12.9
15.8
1 4 .0
8.8
35. 6
26. 9
25.8
29 . 7
1 5 .3
25.3
20 . 7
20.8
13.9
8 .1
1 3 .4
4. 5
4 .6
3.0
1.6
20.8
438.4
$1.75

3. 7
14. 1
2.9
5.4
3.8
4. 3
10. 7
5. 1
7.8
5.2
4. 6
19. 1
14.0
12. 9
10. 7
5. 1
1 0 .3
6 .2
5. 1
4. 5
2 .5
6 .2
1.4
1.8
1.7
.7
12. 6
182.5
$1.7 9

2.9
.5
.9
.3
.3
4. 1

West
2. 6
33. 6
3.0
7.4
5.0
5.0
15. 6
7. 7
8.0
8.8
4.2
16. 5
12.9
12. 9
19.0
10. 3
15.0
14.4
15. 6
9.4
5. 6
7 .2
3. 1
2. 8
1.3
.8
8.2
255.8
$1.73

0. 8
12. 3
5.8
4.2
1.5
2.2
8.8
3. 7
4. 6
4.8
3.6
16. 6
11.4
17. 6
14. 5
9.2
18.8
13.8
11.7
11.6
7.3
9.7
5.5
4.9
3.8
2. 6
16.3
227. 7
$1.98

0. 5
2 .4
.2
1.7
.9
.8
2.5
1 .5
2.3
2.3
2.2
6. 6
5.4
8. 3
7.3
3. 7
10. 1
5.5
4 .4
6. 3
1.8
4.4
1.8
1.8
2. 6
1. 5
1 0 .3
98. 9
$ 2 . 10

0. 3
9.9
5.5
2. 5
.7
1. 5
6 .3
2.2
2.3
2 .5
1.4
10. 0
6.0
9.4
7.2
5. 5
8.8
8.2
7.4
5. 3
5. 5
5.4
3. 6
3. 1
1 .2
1 .0
6.0
128. 8
$1.89

1 L i m i t e d to 3 m a j o r b r a n c h e s of w ho le sa le t r a d e : M er c ha n t w h o l e s a l e r s , ag en t s and b r o k e r s , and a s s e m b l e r s of f a r m
products.
Ex cl u d e d f r o m the s u r v e y w ere m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' s a l e s b r a n c h e s and p e t r o l e u m bulk st a t i o n s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w ee ke n d s, h o l i d a y s , and lat e sh i f t s .
3 The r e g io n s u s e d in this stud y include:
N o r t h e a s t ------- Connecticut, Maine, M a s s a c h u s e t t s , New H a m p sh i re , New J e r s e y , New York, P e n n s ylvania, Rhode Is l an d , and Ve rm on t;
S o u t h ------------- A l a b a m a , A r k a n s a s , D e l a w a r e , D i s t r i c t of C d lu m b ia , F l o r i d a , G e o r g i a , Kentucky, L o u i s i a n a , M a r y la n d , M i s s i s ­
si p p i, North C a r o l i n a , O k la ho m a, South C a r o l i n a , T e n n e s s e e , T e x a s , V i r g in ia , and West V ir gi n ia ;
N o r t h C e n t r a l — I l li n o is , Indiana, Iowa, K a n s a s , Mi ch ig an , M in n es ot a, M i s s o u r i , N e b r a s k a , North D ak ota , Ohio, South D ak ota ,
and W is co n sin ; and
W e s t --------------A r i z o n a , C a l i f o r n i a , C o lo r a d o , Idaho, Montana, N ev a d a , New M e x ic o , O r e g o n , Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
4 E x c l u d e s ou ts id e s a l e s m e n .
NOTE:




B e c a u s e of rounding,

s u m s of in dividual i t e m s m a y not e q u al t o t a l s .

14
T A B LE 2.

P e r c e n t a g e di st r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w ho le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
ho u rl y e a r n i n g s , United S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 Ju n e 1958
United S t a t e s

South

Northeast

All non­ Office and Other non­ All non­ Office and Other non­ All non­ O ffice and Other no n­
super­
super­
super­
super­
in sid e
super­
insid e
super­
in sid e
visory 4
visory 4
sales
visory4
sales
visory 4 visory 4
sales
visory 4

A v e r a g e hour ly e a r n in g s 2

1.5

1.4

1.6

1.0

0. 7

1.3

3.0

2. 3

1 2 .3
2. 0
3. 8
1.9
2.5

7. 1
1. 6
3.0
1. 7
2 .4

16.3
2.4
4.4
2.0
2. 6

6. 1
1 .3
3.0
1.5
2. 1

8.3
1. 6
3.9
2.1
2.2

25 . 8
3. 5
7. 1
2 .8
4. 5

1 4 .2
3.3
5.3
2 .9
4.2

5.4
2.9
3.7
3.0
2.3

6.0
2.7
3.3
2. 8
1.5

5.4
2. 6
3.2
2.8
1.8

5. 9
2. 6
3.2
2 .9
1. 6

6. 6
2.9
4 .5
2.4
1. 6

8. 3
6. 6
6.9
6 .2
3.0

6. 8
5.2
c. 2
5 .2
3.4

8. 1
7. 1
6 .3
6 .0
3. 7

7. 8
6.9
6.8
7. 1
3. 1

8.4
7 .2
5. 8
5. 1
4. 1

6.9
3.5
4. 6
3.2
1.9
6.0
4. 3
4. 5
3.3
1.9

7.4
4.3
4 .7
4.3
2.4

___________
___________
___________
___________

5. 7
2. 8
3. 5
2. 9
1.9
7. 5
5.8
5.9
5. 6
3.2

3. 6
1.0
2.0
.9
1.9
4. 7
2 .5
3.3
2. 6
2. 1

7. 6
5. 6
6.0
4. 7
2.6

4.9
3.4
3.4
2.3
1.4

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

5. 7
4.4
4. 0
3. 1
2.2

6. 6
4.0
3.4
2. 7
1.8

5.0
4. 6
4.4
3. 3
2.4

6. 9
5 1
4. 9
3.7
3.3

7. 8
5. 1
4. 5
2 .4
3. 2

6.
5.
5.
4.
3.

1
1
3
8
5

2.4
2.0
1. 2
.9
.5

3. 6
2.1
1 .8
1.0
.6

1. 6
1.9
.8
.8
.5

unde r $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 8 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 9 0 ___________
under $ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r ____________________

3. 1
1.2
1 .2
.9
.5
5.0

3.8
1 .2
1.4
1 .3
.5
7. 7

2. 5
1.3
1.1
.5
.4
3.0

3.4
1 .4
1. 6
1 .0
.5
6. 0

4.8
1.3
2.3
1.2
R
9. 7

2.2
1.5
1.0
.8
.6
2. 9

1.9
.6
.4
.4
.1
2. 8

2. 7
1. 1
.4
.8
.1
4. 1

1.4
.2
.4
.1
.1
1.9

T o t a l ___________ ___ _________

100.0

100.0

100 .0

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0. 0

N u m be r of w o r k e r s
(in th o u san ds ) ____________________
A v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 ________

1,482. 7
$1.74

639. 8
$ 1. 86

842.9
$1.66

447.0
$ 1.87

206 . 1
$2.01

240. 9
$ 1.75

3 69. 7
$1.43

1 52 .2
$ 1.58

217. 5
$1.33

Unde r $ 1 . 0 0 ____ ___ ________ ___ __
$1.00
$1.05
$1.10
$ 1 „ 15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
under

$1.05
$1,10
$1.15
$1.20
$1.25

___________
___________
___________
___________

$1.25
$1.30
$ 1.35
$1.40
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
unde r

$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$1.45
$ 1 .5 0

___ ______
___________
____ ________
___________
___________

$1.50
$1.60
$1.70
$ 1. 80
$ 1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
unde r

$ 1. 60
$1.70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$2.00

$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

$2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$2.80
$ 2 . 90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

.

North C e n tr a l
Under $ 1 . 0 0

__________ ____ ________

3. 5
33.
3.
8.
2.
4.

8
6
3
8
7

West

1.4

2.0

1.0

0.3

0. 5

0.2

$1.00
$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
unde r
under

$1.05
$1.10
$ 1 .15
$1.20
$1.25

_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________

10. 9
1.3
2.9
2.0
2.1

7. 7
1.6
2.9
2. 1
2 .4

13. 1
1 .2
2.9
1.9
2.0

5.4
2. 5
1.8
.7
1.0

2 .4
.2
1. 7
.9
.8

7. 7
4.3
1.9
.5
1. 1

$ 1.25
$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1.45

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
unde r
under
unde r
unde r

$1.30
$ 1.35
$1.40
$1.45
$1.50

_____________
_____________
...... .
_____________
_____________

6.0
2 .9
3.6
3.2
2.0

5.9
2 .8
4 .3
2. 8
2.5

6. 1
3.0
3. 1
3.4
1. 6

3. 9
1.6
2.0
2. 1
1. 6

2. 5
1. 5
2.3
2 .4
2.2

4 .9
1. 7
1.8
2.0
1. 1

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1. 70
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

un der
un der
under
unde r
under

$ 1.60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2 .00

_____________
.. __
_____________ —

8. 1
6. 1
5. 9
6. 8
3.5

lu. 5
7. 7
7. 1
5.9
2 .8

o. 5
5. 0
5 .0
7.4
4.0

7.3
5.0
7. 7
6.4
4. 0

6. 6
5.5
8.4
7.4
3. 7

7.
4.
7.
5.
4.

8
6
3
6
3

$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
under
under
under

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

_____________
_ _ .............
_
_____________
_____________

5. 8
4. 7
4. 7
3.2
1.9

5.7
3.4
2.8
2 .4
1.4

5.8
5. 6
6. 1
3. 7
2.2

8. 3
6 .0
5. 1
5. 1
3. 2

10.2
5. 6
4.4
6.4
1.8

6.
6.
5.
4.
4.

8
4
7
1
3

$2.50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2.70
$2.80
$2.90
$ 3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0 .. .................. _
under $ 2 . 70 _____________
unde r $ 2 . 80 _____________
under $ 2 . 9 0
under $ 3 . 0 0 _____________
o v e r ______________________

3. 1
1 .0
1. 1
.7
.4
4. 7

3.4
.8
1 .0
1.0
.4
6.9

2.8
1 .2
1. 1
.5
.3
3.2

4. 3
2 .4
2.2
1. 7
1. 1
7.2

4 .4
1.9
1. 8
2 .7
1. 6
10.4

4. 2
2. 8
2.4
.9
.8
4. 7

____ ____ _________________

100 .0

100.0

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

438.4
$1.75

182.5
$1.79

255. 8
$ 1 . 73

227. 7
$1.98

98. 9
$2.10

128. 8
$1.89

T o t al

—

___________________

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in t ho usa nds ) ______________________
A v e r a g e ho u rl y e a r n i n g s 2 __________ —
1

Se e footnote 1, ta ble 1.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r work on w ee ke n d s, h o l id a y s ,
3 S ee footnote 3, ta ble 1.
4 E x c l u d e s o uts ide s a l e s m e n .
N O TE :




B e c a u s e of rounding, s u m s of individual i t e m s m a y not equal 100

and late s h i f t s .

15
T A B L E 3. P e r c e n t a g e di st r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o le sa le t r ad e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
hou rl y e a r n i n g s , 2 fo r m et r o p o li t an and n o n m e ' 1’opolitan a r e a s , United S ta t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 Jun e 1958
United S ta t e s
No n m e tro p o lit an a r e a

M et r o p ol it an a r e a

A v e r a g e hourl y e a r n in g s 2
All no n­
super­
visory 4

Office and
inside
sales

Other non­
super­
visory 4

All non­
super­
v is o r y 4

Office and
ins id e
sales

Other non­
super­
visory 4

Under $ 1 . 0 0 ................................ ..............

0. 8

0. 9

0.8

4. 1

4.0

4. 1

$1.00
$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
under
unde r
under

$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20
$1.25

9.0
1.5
3.4
1.8
2.3

4. 3
1.3
2 .4
1.5
2. 1

12. 8
1 .8
4.3
2.0
2.5

24. 5
3.9
5. 3
2. 1
3.3

20.3
3. 1
6. 1
2 .5
3„ 7

26 . 7
4.3
4. 8
1. 9
3. 1

$ 1.25
$ 1.3 0
$1.35
$ 1.4 0
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1 . 3 0 _____ _____
$ 1 . 3 5 ___________
$ 1.4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 _____ _____ _
$ 1 .50 ___________

5.3
2 .7
3. 5
3. 1
2 .4

5.4
2.3
3 o5
2 .8
1 .5

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
unde r
under
under
under

$1.60
$1.70
$1.80
$ 1.90
$2.00

...... ....... .
___________
___________
___________
___________

8.2
7 .2
7.2
6. 7
3. 1

6. 2
r. 5
5. 1
5. 7
3.8

7. 1
3.8
3.5
2. 8
1. 7
8. 7
4. 0
5.4
3. 7
2. 3

5.9
3. 6
4. 8
2. 6
1.9
9.2
3. 6
5.8
3. 9
2.3

7.8
3. 9
2 .9
2. 9
1 .5

$1.50
$ 1. <0
$ 1. 70
$ 1 .8 0
6 1. 90

5. 3
2.5
3.5
2. 9
1.9
7. 1
6 .3
6. 1
6 .2
3.5

$2.00
$ 2 . 10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

6. 5
5.0
4. 7
3. 5
2.5

7. 3
4 .4
3.8
2.9
2. 1

2.2
2.0
1 .4
1.2
1.0

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 7 0
under $ 2 . 8 0
unde r $ 2 . 90
under $ 3 . 0 0 ..... ............... .
o v e r ____________________

3.4
1.4
1.3
1 .0
.6
5.8

4.2
1 .3
1 .4
1 .4
.6
8. 7

2. b
2.0
1 .4
1.4
.9
1.6
.5
.8
.3
.2
2.0

3.2
1 .9
1.5
2.0
.6

$2.50
$2.60
$ 2 .7 .
$2.80
$2.90
$3.00

5. 9
5.5
5.5
4. 1
2 .9
2.8
1.6
1 .3
.7
.5
3.4

2.2
.7
1.1
.8
.1
2. 8

1.4
.4
.7
.1
.3
1.6

--------------------------------

10 0 .0

1 00 .0

1 00 .0

1 00 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N u m be r of w o r k e r s
(in ho usa nds ) ______________ ___
A v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 ________

1, l t l . 4
$ 1. 83

528. 6
$ 1 . 93

632. 8
$1.74

3 2 1 .3
$1.44

111 .2
$1.51

210 . 1
$ 1.41

T o t al

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

8.5
4.2
5.3
3. 6
2 .3

Northeast
Under $ 1. 00 _

0. 7

0. 5

3. 8

4. 7

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 0 5 ___________
$ 1. 10 ___________
$1.15
$1.20
_
. _ ..
$1.25

5.2
1 .2
2.9
1. 5
2.0

3.0
.8
1.8
.8
1.8

0. 9
7.1
1.5
3.9
2.2
2.2

4. 4

$1.00
$ 1 .0 5
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

16. 9
3. 2
4. 7
1.8
2. 5

12. 9

4. 4

1 9 .0
2 .6

5.4
2. 9
3. 3

1.2
2. 1

$1.25
$ 1. 30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1 .45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 3 0 __
_
$ 1 . 3 5 ___________
$1.40 _
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1. 50 . _

4. 5
2.3
3.2
2. 6
2.2

5.8
2.3
3.3
2.9
1.6

7. 5
5. 5
3. 1
3.1
1.2

8. 1
6. 1
4. 1
3.0
1.0

7. 3
5 .2
2, 6
3. 1
1.4

$ 1. 50
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1. 70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1.60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$ 1.90
$2.00

5 .2
2.3
3.3
2. 7
1. 9
7. 5
7. 1
6 .2
6 .2
3. 8

7. b
7.0
6.8
7.4
3.2

1 7 .2
6. 9
6. 8
4. 3
2. 1

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 1 0 ___________
$2.20
$2.30
$ 2 . 4 0 ___________
$ 2. 50

7 .2
5.4
5.2
3. 9
3.5

8. 0
r. 2
4. 8
2.4
3.3

15. 1
6 .4
6. 8
3. 7
1. 8
3.0
2. 5
2. 1
1.4
1. 0

10. 9
5. 3
6. 9
2 .4
1. 1

$2.00
$2.10
$ 2 .20
$2.30
$2.40

7.4
7. 3
5.1
5. 1
4.3
6. 5
5. 5
5. 5
5 .3
3.8

4. 6
4.2
. 1
2.7
1 .3

2.2
1.6
3. 1

$2.50
$ 2 . 60
$2.70
$2.80
$2.90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
over

$2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$2.80
$ 2 . 9 0 ___________
$ 3 . 0 0 ___________
.. .

3. 6
1. 5
1.7
1. 0
.6
6. 5

4 .9
1.3
2.3
1 .2
.5
1 0. 2

2.4
1. 7
1. 1
.9
.7
3.2

1.0
.1
.4
.4
.1
.4

2 .5
.1
.9
1. 1

T o t a l ________________________

10 0 .0

1 0 0. 0

10 0 .0

N u m be r of w o r k e r s
(in th ou san ds) ____________________
A v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 ________

411.2
$ 1 . 91

1 9 4. 0
$ 2 . 04

217.2
$ 1 . 79

7ee footnotes at end of table




4. 4

19
.2
.1
.1

1 0 0. 0

1. 1
10 0 .0

. 1
( 5)
1 0 0 .0

35. 8
$1.45

12. 1
$ 1 . 51

23. 7
$1.42

16
T A B L S 3 . P e r c e n ta g e d istrib u tio n of n o n su p erv iso ry e m p lo y e e s in w h o le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v era g e stra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly e a r n in g s , 2 for m etro p o lita n and n on m etrop olitan a r e a s , U nited S ta tes and r e g io n s , 3 June 1958—Continued
South
M et r o p ol it an a r e a

A v e r a g e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s 2
All n on ­
super­
visory *
U nde r $ 1 . 0 0 ............ ...................................

Office and
insid e
sales

N o n m e tr o p o lit an a r e a
Other non­
super­
visory 4

Office and
inside
sales

All non­
super­
visory 4

Other non­
super­
visory 4

1. 3

1. 3

1. 4

7 .0

5. 1

8. 1

$ 1. 0 0
$1.05
$ 1 .10
$1.15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
unde r
under

$ 1.0 5
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20
$ 1.25

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

20. 5
3.5
6.9
3. 1
4.4

8. 1
2 .8
4 .3
3.2
4.0

29. .
4. 1
8.9
3.0
4.7

38. 3
3.4
' .4
2.3
4. 7

30.4
4. 6
8.0
2.2
4. 7

43. 3
2. 6
7. 0
2.4
4. 7

$ 1 .25
$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
unde r
unde r

$ 1 . 3 0 ___________
$ 1 . 3 5 ___________
$ 1 .4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1 . 5 0 ___________

8. 1
4.0
5.2
3. 9
2.1

8.0
3.3
5. 7
3. 1
1.6

4.3
2 .4
3.0
1.4
1.4

5. 5
2 .7
4. 7
2.0
1.0

3.5
2.2
2.0
1 .0
1. 7

$ 1 .5 0 and under $ 1. 60 ___________
$ 1. 6 0 and under $ 1 . 7 0 ___________
$ 1. 7 0 and under $ 1 . 8 0 ___________

8.2
5.0
4. 7
5. 1
2 .9
8. 1
6. 5
6. 7
5. 6
2. 7

4. 6
4.0
3.3
2. 5
1.5

5.
2.
3.
2.
1.

5.4
2. 1
3. 6
2.0
1 .0

$ 1 . 9 0 and under $ 2 . 0 0

$ 1 . 8 0 and under $ 1 . 9 0

___________
___________

6. 1
5. 1
4. 8
3.8
2.0

6

6.3
3.2
4. 1
2.2
2. 5

$2.00
$ 2 . 10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
u nde r
under
under

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

2. 8
2.3
1.4
.9
.4

4.2
2. 6
1.9
1 .2
.6

1.8
2.0
1. 0
.7
.3

1 .5
1.3
.8
.8
.7

1.9
.8
1. 5
.5
.6

1.2
1. 6
.3
1.0
.8

$2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$ 2 . 80
$2.90
$ 3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

unde r $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 8 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 90 ___________
unde r $ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r ____________________

2.2

2. 9
1.2

1. 6

1.3
.4

2. 1
.8
.6

.2

.1

.3

(5)
(5 )

1 .2

T o t al _________________________
N u m b er of w o r k e r s
(in th o u san ds ) --------------------------A v e r a g e ho u rl y e a r n i n g s 2 ________

$ 2 . 10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

.6
.5
.5

.3

.2

.6

7
5
8
1

.3

.8
.1

.2
.2
2.2

1.5

.1
1. 8

1 0 0. 0

1.0
.1
4.9
1 0 0. 0

1 00 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 00 .0

1 0 0. 0

261.0
$ 1.49

110.6
$ 1 . 66

1 5 0 .4
$1.37

108. 7
$ 1.29

41.6
$ 1.36

67.0
$1.25

.2

3. 3

(5)

Nort h C e n t r a l
0 .8

1.3

0 .4

3.2

4. 5

2. 6

$

1.00
$ 1.05
$ 1 .10
$ 1 .15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

u nde r
unde r
unde r
unde r
u nde r

1 .0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 ___________
$ 1 . 1 5 ___________
$1.20
$ 1 . 2 5 ___________

7.4
1 .0
2. 1
1.8
1. 7

4.9
1. 3
2. 1
1. 8
2.0

9.4
.8
2. 1
1 .7
1.4

21.0
2.2
5.2
2.7
3.5

1 8 .3
2 .4
6.0
3.0
3.9

22.4
2. 1
4. 7
2. 5

$ 1.25
$1.30
$1.35
$ 1.40
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
under
u nde r
unde r

1. 30
$ 1 .35
$1.40
$ 1 .4 5
$1.50

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

4.4

5. 6
2.5
3 .8
3.0
2.6

3. 5
1.9
2. 6
3.0
1.6

7.0
4. 2
6. 3
2.4
2.3

1 2 .5
5. 8

1.50
1 .6 0
$ 1.70
$ 1.80
$ 1. 9 0

and
and
and
and
and

u nde r
u n de r
u nde r
unde r
u nde r

1. 60
1. 70
$ 1. 80
$ 1. 90
$2.00

___________
--------------___________
___________
___________

9.7
8. 7
7.8
6 .3
3.2

6.2
4 .8
5.9
8.4
4. 5

10. 6
5.3
5.0
3. 8
1.9
9.3
4. 9

$2.00
$ 2 . 10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
unde r
u nde r
unde r
u nde r

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

___________
___________
___________
___________
_______ __

6. 5
3 .8
3.2
2. 7
1.7

2.4
2.0
1 .2
1.2
.3

7.2
5. 5
2 .9
5.0
2.9
2.3
2. 1
1. 1
1 .2

$2.50
$2.60
$2. 70
$2.80
$ 2 . 90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
under $2. 80 ___________
u nde r $ 2 . 9 0 ___________
unde r $3. 00 __________
o v e r _ __________________

7.3
7. 1
8. 1
4.7
2 .9
3.5
1.6
1 .3
.7

1 3 .3
3.8
4.3
4. 1
1. 1
2. 7
1.9
1.4
1 .3

4. 1

Unde r $ 1 . 0 0 _______________________

$
$

$

$

$
$

2. 1
3. 1
3.0
2 .0
7. 7
6. 5
6. 7
7. 5
3 .9
6. 9
5. 6
6.0
3.8
2 .4

4.0
.8
1.2
1. 0
.5
8. 1

T o t a l _________________________

3. 7
1 .3
1.2
.8
.5
5.9
1 00 .0

1 0 0 .0

N u m b er of w o r k e r s
(in t ho u sa n ds ) ____________________
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 ________

327.2
$1.87

$

144. 5
1 .8 8

S ee footn otes at end of ta b le.




3. 4

4. 7
2.3

3.3

4.4

4. 5
1.7

.3

.3

1.2
.6

1 .0

.5

.3

.6

(5 )

.9
_
2 .5

(5)

1 .5

1 0 0 .0

100.0

10 0 .0

.1
.9
1 0 0 .0

182. 7
$1.86

1 1 1 .2
$1.42

38. 1
$1.45

73. 1
$1.41

.4

1. 1

.4

.3

.2

17
TABJLE 3. P e r c e n ta g e d istrib u tion of n o n su p erv iso ry e m p lo y e e s in w h o lesa le t r a d e 1 by a v er a g e stra ig h t-tim e
hourly e a r n in g s ,2 fo r m etro p o lita n and n on m etro p o lita n a r e a s , U nited S ta tes and r e g io n s, June 195 8 —Continued
W est
N o n m e tr o p o lit an a r e a

M e tr o p ol it an a r e a

A v e r a g e hourly e a r n i n g s 2
All nonsupervisory 4

O ffice and
insid e
sales

Other non­
super­
visory 4

Al l non­
super­
visory 4

Other non­
super­
visory 4

O ffice and
in sid e
sales

Under ip 1 . 0 0

__

_____

0.3

0 .4

0. 1

0. 5

0 .7

0.5

$ 1 . 0U
$ 1.05
$1.10
$ 1. 15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
unde r
unde r
under

$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20
$1.25

__________
.
___________
___________
___________

3.0
.3
1. 7
.5
.9

1.3
.2
1 .5
.5
‘ .5

4 .6
.5
1.8
.5
1 .2

11.4
7. 9
2.2
1. 1
1.2

7 .0
.4
2. 6
2.2
1.7

13.2
11. 1
2 .0
.6
1 .0

$ 1.25
$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1 .45

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1 . 3 0 __ ________
$ 1 . 3 5 ___________
$ 1.40
__________
$ 1 . 4 5 --------------$ 1 . 5 0 ___________

3.2
1.1
2.0
1.7
1.4

2.4
1. 1
2.2
2 .0
1.9

4 .0
1. 1
1.8
1 .4
1.0

5. 6
2.9
2.0
3.2
1. 9

3.2
2.9
2. 6
3.8
3.8

6. 6
2.9
1.8
2 .9
1 .1

$1.50
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1. 70
$ 1. 8 0
$ 1.90

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
unde r
under
unde r
u nde r

$ 1 .6 0 ___________
$ 1 . 7 0 ___________
$ 1 . 8 0 ___________
$ 1 .9 0 ___________
$ 2 . 0 0 ___________

6.4
5. 7
6. 5
7. 1
4. 1

6.7
6 .1
7. 5
7.3
3.4

6 .2
5.2
5. 5
6.9
4. 7

9.4
3. 3
10. 9
4 .6
3.9

6.2
2. 8
11. 7
7.8
4.9

10. 7
3.6
10. 5
3.2
3. 6

$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$ 2 .40

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
unde r
un der

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

___________
____
___________
___________
___________

9.8
7.4
6 .2
6.0
3. 7

11. 1
6.2
4 .9
6. 5
2.0

8.6
8.5
7. 5
5. 6
5. 3

4.4
2.7
2 .5
2.8
2.0

6.4
3.0
2 .4
5.9
1. 0

3. 6
2. 6
2. 6
1. 6
2 .4

$2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$2.80
$ 2 . 90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0
unde r $ 2 . 7 0 ____ __ __
under $ 2 . 8 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 9 0 __ ______ __
under $ 3 . 00 _ ______
o v e r ____________________

4. 5
2. 9
2. 1
2.1
1 .3
8. 1

4 .5
2. 1
1.4
3.0
1.9
11.3

4. 6
3.8
2 .8
1.2
.7
5.0

3. 6
1. 1
2.3
.7
.8
4 .9

4.0
1.0
3 .6
1.4
.2

3.4
1.1
1.8

7

1 .0
4.2

T o t a l —.................. .............. ..........

100.0

100.0

10 0 .0

100.0

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in t h o u s a n d s ) ____________________
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 ________

162. 1
$ 2 .08

79.6
$ 2 . 15

82. 5
$2.01

65.6
$ 1. 73

19.4
$1.92

46. 3
$1.66

1
2
3
4
5

___

S ee footnote 1, tab le 1.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for work on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and late s h ifts .
S ee footnote 3 , tab le 1.
E x clu d es o u tsid e s a le s m e n .
L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p erc en t.

NOTE:




B ec a u se of rounding, sum s of ind ivid u al ite m s m ay not equal 10 0 .

6.

.4

18
T A B L E 4.

P e r c e n t a g e d i st r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
hourl y e a r n i n g s , 2 for s i z e of co m pa ny, United S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 J un e 1958
United S t a t e s

A v e r a g e hour ly e a r n in g s 2

100 o r m o r e em p l o y e e s

20-9 9 e m p l o y e e s

Under 20 e m p l o y e e s

A ll non- O ffice and Other non- A ll non- Offic e and Other non- A ll non- Office and Other nonsupersuper­
supersuper­
superin si d e
in si d e
in sid e
s uper­
viso ry4
sales
sales
visory4 v iso ry4
v i s o r y4 v i s o r y 4
v isory4
sales
Under $ 1. 0 0 _______________________

0. 6

0. 1

$ 1. 00
$ 1 . 05
$ 1. 10
$1.15
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1. 05 ________ _
$1-10
$ 1. 15
$ 1 . 2 0 ____________
$ 1. 25 ____________

7.
3.
3.
2.
2.

5
4
0
3
3

3.
1.
2.
2.
3.

6
5
7
7
1

10.
4.
3.
2.
1.

0
7
2
0
8

13.
1.
3.
2.
2.

6
9
8
2
9

6.
1.
3.
2.
2.

2
8
1
2
8

18.
2.
4.
2.
2.

4
0
3
3
9

13.
1.
4.
1.
2.

5
5
2
3
3

9.
1.
3.
1.
1.

2
5
1
0
8

$ 1. 25
$1.30
$1.35
$ 1.40
$ 1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
unde r
under

$ 1. 30 __
$ 1 . 3 5 __________
$ 1. 4 0 ____________
$ 1 . 4 5 ____________
$1.50
________

5. 0
3. 1
2.9
3. 7
2. 4

5.
3.
3.
4.
3.

3
7
8
7
2

4.
2.
2.
3.
1.

8
6
3
0
8

6.
3.
3.
2.
2.

0
1
8
9
0

5.
3.
3.
3.
2.

7
6
8
1
6

6.
2.
3.
2.
1.

3
7
8
7
7

5.
2.
3.
2.
1.

8
3
5
5
5

5.
2.
3.
7.
1.

2
0
7
3
7

$ 1. 50
$ 1.60
$1.70
$ 1 .80
$ 1.90
$2 . 00
$ 2. 10
$ 2. 20
$ 2. 30
$ 2 . 40
$ 2 . 50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$ 2 . 80
$ 2. 90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 1. 60
under $ 1. 7 0 ____________
under $ 1. 8 0 ____________
under $ 1 . 9 0 ____________
under $ 2. 0 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 10 __
__
under $ 2 . 2 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 3 0 ____________
under $ 2. 40 ____________
under $ 2 . 50 _________ __
under $ 2 . 6 0 ____ ___
under $ 2 . 7 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 8 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 9 0 ____________
under $ 3. 0 0 __
___
o v er ____________________

6. 6
5. 8
7. 3
6. 2
4. 0
6. 5
6. 3
4. 1
3. 7
3. 0
2. 1
1. 7
1. 2
.9
.8
3. 8

8.
7.
8.
6.
3.
6.
4.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.
.
5.

8
8
2
8
6
4
6
7
9
1
3
1
1
2
4
5

5.
4.
6.
5.
4.
6.
7.
5.
4.
3.
2.
2.
1.
.
1.
2.

1
4
7
8
3
6
5
0
2
6
0
1
3
8
1
7

7. 4
5. 8
6. 0
5. 8
3. 3
5. 0
3. 8
4. 5
2.9
2. 0
2. 5
1. 1
1. 3
.8
.4
4. 4

8.
6.
7.
6.
3.
6.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
1.
1.
1.
.
7.

8
3
2
5
3
0
8
4
8
0
0
1
5
1
5
3

6.
5.
5.
5.
3.
4.
3.
5.
3.
2.
2.
1.
1.
.
.
2.

4
5
3
4
3
3
8
2
0
0
2
1
2
5
3
6

8.
5.
5.
5.
2.

0
8
2
2
8

5. 9
3. 9
3. 5
2. 9
1.9
4. 0
1. 2
1. 2
.9
.4
6. 1

7. 8
6. 3
6. 2
5. 8
2. 6
7. 0
3. 8
3. 6
2. 5
1. 6
5. 1
1. 3
1. 4
1. 4
. 6
8. 8

T o t a l _________________________

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in thousands)
_____
A v e r a g e hourl y e a r n i n g s 2 _________

305. 8
$ 1 . 79

122. 6
$ 1 . 81

183. 2
$ 1 . 77

558. 5
$ 1. 71

219. 0
$ 1 . 84

339. 5
$ 1 . 62

618. 4
$ 1 . 76

298. 2
$ 1. 88

320. 2
$ 1. 64

1. 1

1. 2

8.
1.
3.
1.
2.

11.
2.
5.
1.
2.

4
1
5
9
0

8.
2.
3.
2.
1.

2
6
9
7
2

0. 8

0. 7

0. 4

1. 0

2. 7

2. 7

2. 7
17.
1.
5.
1.
2.

6
5
3
6
8

6. 4
2. 7
3.4
2. 7
1. 7
8.
5.
4.
4.
3.

2
3
2
6
1

4.
4.
3.
3.
2.
3.
1.
.
.
.
3.

8
0
4
2
2
1
1
9
4
2
6

Northeast
U nde r $1 . 00 _______________________

0. 1

.

1. 3

0. 5

4
2
1
5
7

3.
1.
2.
1.
.

1
0
1
1
8

4.
1.
2.
2.
2.

9
2
4
1
6

2.
1.
1.
1.
2.

8
1
9
2
0

1.
6.
1.
2.
2.
3.

3.
3.
2.
2.
1.

7
1
3
1
1

4.
2.
2.
3.
2.

1
8
8
0
2

4.
3.
2.
2.
2.

2
1
9
4
1

3.9
2. 5
2. 7
3. 5
2. 3

6.9
2. 3
3. 6
2. 7
1. 5

4
8
1
6
0

3.9
2. 8
3. 9
2. 7
2. 9
8. 5
9. 0
8. 2
9. 0
3. 6

4. 8
.9
2. 0
.5
1. 9
5. 4
2. 0
3. 3
2. 7
I. 8

4.
4.
4.
6.
4.

3
7
0
2
3

7.
7.
8.
6.
3.

4
9
0
0
6

7.
5.
7.
7.
4.

6
4
9
9
2

7.
9.
8.
4.
3.

2
7
0
6
2

9.
6.
5.
5.
3.

2
6
0
5
6

7.
7.
5.
6.
2.

7
2
6
0
2

10.
6.
4.
5.
4.

5
0
5
1
8

6.
8.
5.
4.
5.

6
6
9
1
2

7.
5.
3.
1.
3.

4
5
8
6
4

5.
11.
8.
6.
7.

7
7
0
6
0

6.
4.
5.
3.
3.

4
8
9
8
1

6.
4.
4.
2.
3.

9
9
0
5
2

5.
4.
7.
4.
3.

9
6
2
9
0

7.
4.
4.
3.
2.

4
3
0
5
9

8.
5.
5.
2.
3.

6
1
1
7
1

6.
3.
2.
4.
2.

3
5
9
2
8

2.
2.
2.
1.
1.
5.

7
1
0
8
9
9

2.
1.
1.
1.
.
8.

7
3
5
4
6
1

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
3.

6
9
4
1
3
7

2.
1.
1.
.
.
6.

6
7
8
8
4
9

3.
1.
2.
1.
.
12.

6
7
3
0
5
1

1.9
1. 6
1. 5
.7
.3
2. 9

4. 2
1. 0
1. 3
.8
.2
5. 4

6.
.
2.
1.
.
8.

3
9
5
2
5
5

2. 4
1. 0
.2
. 5
2. 6

$ 1. 00
$ 1. 05
$1.10
$1.15
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 0 5 ____________
$ 1 . 1 0 ____________
$ 1 . 1 5 ____________
$ 1. 2 0 _________ __
$ 1. 2 5 ____________

(5)
2. 3
1. 1
2. 1
1. 3
1. 3

$ 1 .25
$ 1. 30
$1.35
$ 1. 40
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1 . 3 0 ____________
$ 1. 35 _ _
_ ____
$ 1. 4 0 ____________
$ 1. 45 __ _________
$ 1 . 5 0 ____________

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

8
0
1
4
0

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1. 70
$ 1. 80
$ 1.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

6 0 ____________
7 0 ____________
8 0 ____________
9 0 __________ _
0 0 ____________

6.
6.
6.
7.
4.

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.

1 0 ____________
2 0 ____________
3 0 ____________
4 0 ____________
5 0 __________ _

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

50
60
70
80
90
00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2. 60 ____________
under $ 2. 7 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 8 0 ____________
under $ 2 . 9 0 ____________
under $ 3. 00 ____________
o v er ____________________

1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

9
4
2
7
7
0

3
5
8
2
0

1. 1

______ _______

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in tho usands) ____________________
A v e r a g e hour ly e a r n in g s 2 _____ __

68. 6
$ 1 . 99

34. 0
$ 1.95

34. 6
$ 2 . 03

162. 4
$ 1 .90

70. 1
$ 2 . 07

92. 3
$ 1 . 77

216. 0
$ 1 . 81

102. 0
$ 1.98

113. 9
$1.66

T o t a l ________

S e e foo tnotes at end of table,




19
T A B L E 4.

P e r c e n t a g e d is tr ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w ho le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
ho ur ly e a r n i n g s , 2 for s i z e of co m p an y, United S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 Ju ne 1958— Continued
South

A v e r a g e hour ly ea r n in g s 2

100 or m o r e em p l o y e e s

Under 20 e m p l o y e e s

Office and Other non- Al l non- Office and 'Other non- Al l non- Office and Other nonsu p e r in sid e
su p e r super in sid e
superin sid e
su p e r visory4 viso ry4
sales
sales
visory4 v isory4
sales
visory4

All nonsu p e r visory4
Under $ 1. 0 0 .............................................

2 0 -9 9 e m p l o y e e s

2. 1

0. 1

3. 6

1. 2

1. 0

1. 3

5. 5

4. 4

6. 5

$ 1. 00
$1.05
$ 1 .10
$1.15
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nde r
under
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 ___________
$ 1. 15 ___________
$ 1. 2 0 ___________
$ 1. 25 __________

17.
4.
6.
4.
5.

3
6
9
4
0

5.
3.
4.
4.
5.

9
1
1
4
5

25.
5.
8.
4.
4.

7
7
8
3
7

28.
4.
7.
3.
4.

8
0
1
3
7

14.
3.
5.
3.
4.

3
5
4
8
9

36.
4.
8.
3.
4.

5
2
0
0
5

26.
2.
7.
1.
4.

5
3
1
5
1

17.
3.
5.
1.
3.

8
1
8
5
0

34.
1.
8.
1.
5.

5
7
3
6
1

$ 1. 25
$ 1.30
$ 1. 35
$ 1 .40
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30 ___________
$ 1. 3 5 ___________
$ 1.40
$1.45
$ 1 . 5 0 ___________

7.
4.
3.
4.
2.

1
5
9
7
6

7.
4.
4.
6.
3.

3
5
3
3
4

6.
4.
3.
3.
2.

9
4
5
5
0

7.
3.
5.
3.
2.

4
5
7
1
0

8.
5.
4.
4.
3.

8
8
3
1
2

6.
2.
6.
2.
1.

6
3
5
6
4

6.
3.
3.
2.
1.

4
0
6
4
5

6.
3.
5.
3.
1.

3
1
1
5
2

6.
3.
2.
1.
1.

4
0
3
5
7

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$ 1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$2.

6 0 ___________
7 0 ___________
80 ___________
9 0 ___________
00

5.
5.
6.
3.
2.

8
0
3
3
5

7.
6.
7.
4.
2.

0
5
9
5
8

4.
4.
5.
2.
2.

9
0
2
5
3

5.
4.
3.
3.
1.

8
2
9
1
7

8.
5.
5.
4.
2.

6
2
0
8
6

4.
3.
3.
2.
1.

3
6
3
2
2

6. 3
4. 1
4 .2
3. 5
1. 8

7.
5.
6.
4.
2.

0
5
0
7
6

5.
2.
2.
2.
1.

6
8
6
5
1

$2 .
$ 2.
$2.
$2 .
$ ?.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

10 ___________
2 0 ___________
3 0 ___________
40
5 0 ___________

3.
2.
1.
1.
.

3
7
3
4
8

5.
3.
2.
2.
1.

7
4
0
1
5

1.
2.
.
.
.

6

1
7
8
3

2.
1.
.
.
.

0
5
9
5
3

2.
2.
1.
.
.

8
2
8
9
4

1.
1.
.
.
.

b
2
4
3
2

2.
2.
1.
1.
.

3.
1.
1.
.
.

3
5
6
5
3

1.
2.
1.
1.
.

7
8
4
5
9

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2 .
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

50
60
70
80
90
00

and under $ 2. 6 0 ___________
and under $ 2. 70 ___________
and under $ 2 . 8 0 ___________
and under $ 2. 9 0 ___________
and under $ 3. 0 0 ___________
and o v er ___________________
Tot al
N u m be r of w o r k e r s
(in thousands) ___________________
A v e r a g e hourl y ea r n in g s 2 ________

.
.
.
.
.
2.
100.

8
3
5
5
1
4
0

1.
.
.
1.
.
3.
100.

5
6
8
0
1
6
0

.
.
.
.
.
1.
100.

2
1
2
2
1
5
0

2.
.
.
.
.
2.
100.

0
3
3
3
2
1
0

2.
.
.
.
.
2.
100.

3
6
2
6
3
6
0

1. 9
.2
.4
.2
.2
1. 8
100. 0

2. 3
1. 0
.5
. 5
3. 8
100. 0

3. 5
1. 7
.4
1. 0
5. 6
100. 0

1. 3
.3
.6
2. 2
100. 0

70. 1
$ 1.48

29. 6
$ 1. 66

40. 4
$ 1. 35

160. 0
$ 1. 39

55. 8
$ 1. 52

104. 2
$ 1. 32

139. 6
$1.47

66. 7
$ 1 . 59

72. 9
$ 1. 35

Under $1 . 0 0 ______________________

0. 2

0. 3

0. 1

0. 1

0. 1

$ 1. 00
$ 1. 05
$ 1.10
$1.15
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 ___________
$ 1. 10 _ _________
$ 1 . 1 5 __________
$ 1 . 2 0 __ ______
$ 1 . 2 5 ___________

7.
1.
2.
2.
2.

0
2
4
5
1

5.
1.
2.
3.
3.

2
2
8
2
5

8. 1
1. 1
2. 1
2.0
1. 2

9.
1.
3.
2.
2.

4
3
1
1
0

4.
1.
3.
2.
2.

3
6
4
4
5

(5)
12. 7
1. 1
2. 9
1. 9
1. 7

14.
1.
3.
1.
2.

4
4
0
6
2

11.
1.
2.
1.
1.

6
7
6
3
6

16.
1.
3.
1.
2.

7
2
3
9
7

$1.25
$ 1. 30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30 _______ _
$ 1. 35
$ 1. 4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1. 50 _ _________

3.
3.
3.
4.
3.

8
0
1
2
3

6.
4.
4.
5.
3.

1
8
4
6
5

2.
1.
2.
3.
3.

4
9
4
4
1

7.
3.
3.
3.
2.

9
3
7
1
2

5.
3.
4.
3.
3.

7
2
5
6
0

9.
3.
3.
2.
1.

3
5
1
7
6

5.
2.
3.
2.
1.

4
5
8
7
1

5.
1.
4.
.
1.

9
6
0
9
6

5.
3.
3.
4.
.

0
3
6
2
7

$ 1 .50
$ 1. 60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$1.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1. 6 0 ___________
$ 1. 7 0 _________ _
$ 1 . 8 0 ___ ____ _
$ 1. 90 __________
$ 2. 0 0 _________ _

7.
6.
6.
7.
4.

6
5
2
7
5

10.
8.
7.
6.
3.

1
2
3
2
6

6.
5.
5.
8.
5.

1
5
6
6
1

7.
5.
6.
8.
4.

8
6
2
1
1

5
8
6
2
9

8.
6.
5.
5.
2.

7
5
4
0
4

10.
6.
5.
5.
2.

1
9
7
2
3

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

5. 5
4. 1
2. 1
2. 6
1. 2
2. 0
.8
.9
.9
.2
4. 0
100. 0

10.
9.
6.
4.
2.

3
2
1
9
5

2
2
3
3
8

2.
1.
1.
.
.
1.
100.

3
9
5
5
4
7
0

5. 5
4. 5
6. 5
2. 9
1. 9
2. 6
.8
. 8
.8
.3
3. 6
100. 0

5.
5.
8.
3.
1.

50
60
70
80
90
00

5
2
5
0
0
2
5
2
7
3
5
0

2.
.
1.
1.
.
5.
100.

5
6
0
3
3
1
0

2.
.
.
.
.
2.
100.

6
9
7
4
3
5
0

4.
3.
3.
3.
1.
4.
1.
1.
.
.
7.
100.

5
5
2
0
7
0
0
2
6
4
1
0

5. 5
3. 1
2. 4
2. 6
1. 0
4. 8
.9
1. 0
.7
.6
9. 7
100. 0

7. 6
6. 1
5. 1
4. 9
2. 5
3. 8
3.9
3. 9
3. 4
2. 4

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2 .
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 3.

8.
7.
4.
4.
2.
2.
1.
1.
.
.
2.
100.

1
3
6
5
9
0
5
7
2
0

5.
3.
4.
9.
4.

$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

11.
8.
8.
6.
2.
6.
3.
3.
2.
2.

3. 3
1. 1
1. 2
.5
.3
4.9
100. 0

96. 7
$ 1 . 78

36. 8
$ 1. 71

59. 9
$ 1. 82

165. 6
$ 1. 74

66. 0
$ 1. 78

176. 1
$ 1. 75

79. 7
$ 1. 83

96. 3
$ 1 . 69

5
2
5
0
6

No rt h C en t r al

1 0 ___________
2 0 ___________
3 0 ___________
4 0 ___________
5 0 __________

and unde r $ 2 . 60 ___________
and under $ 2. 7 0 ______ ___
and under $ 2 . 8 0 ___ ______
and u n de r $ 2. 9 0 ___ _______
and unde r $ 3. 0 0 ___________
and o v er
T o ta l ________________________

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in thousands) ________ _________
A v e r a g e hourly ea r n in g s 2
S e e footnotes at end of table,




99. 6
$ 1 . 72

3. 4

4. 4

2. 5

20
TA B L E 4.

P ercentage distribution of nonsupervisory em ployees in w holesale t r a d e 1 by average straight-tim e
hourly earn in g s , 2 for size of company, United States and reg io n s , 3 June 1958— Continued
West

A v e r a g e hour ly e a r n i n g s 2

20--99 e m p l o y e e s

100 o r m o r e e m p l o y e e s

Un der $ 1 . 0 0 ............................................

0. 1

0. 2

$ 1. 00
$ 1.05
$1.10
$ 1.15
$ 1 . 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 ___________
$ 1 . 1 5 __________
$ 1. 20 _________
$ 1 . 25 ______ __

3.
7.
.
.
1.

3
6
8
9
0

1.
.
1.
1.
1.

3
5
5
1
1

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

25
30
35
40
45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30
$ 1 . 3 5 __________
$ 1. 4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1. 50

5. 7
1. 8
1. 4
3.2
1. 2

3.
2.
2.
4.
2.

7
1
3
1
8

6. 7
1. 7
1. 0
2.8
.5

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
unde r

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$2.

0
5
8
7
7

9. 4
7. 1
9 .9
7. 7

4. 4
3. 3
11. 2
4. 8
4.9

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$2 .
$2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2. 1 0
$ 2. 20
___
$ 2 . 3 0 ___________
$ 2 . 4 0 ___________
$ 2 . 5 0 --------------

6.9
6. 4
4. 5
5. 2
4. 3

7. 5
5. 8
3. 1

50
60
70
80
$ 2 . 90
$ 3. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
under $ 2 . 80
____
under $ 2. 9 0 ___________
unde r $ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r __________________

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

To ta l _ _

_

6 0 ___________
7 0 ___________
80 _ __ ____
9 0 ___________
0 0 ___________

............................

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in thou sands)
_ _ _ _ _
A v e r a g e hour ly ea r n in g s 2 _______
1
2
3
4
5

Under 20 e m p l o y e e s

Al l non- Office and Other non- All non­ Office and Other non­ A ll non- Office and Other non­
s upe r super­
super­
super­
in si d e
in si d e
superins ide
s upe r sales
viso ry4
v isory4
sales
sales
visory4
viso ry4
v isory4
visory4

6.
4.
10.
5.
4.

4. 4

(5)
4.
10.
.
.
1.

2
8
5
8
0

0. 8

0. 8

0. 8

5
5
4
6
4

3.
.
1.
.
1.

1
2
0
8
2

13.
.
1.
.
1.

5
7
7
4
6

3. 8
3. 0
.6
.6

2.
.
2.
.
.

5
1
2
7
4

4. 0
.3
.8

3. 1
2. 2
2. 1
1.7
1. 3

2.
1.
3.
2.
1.

7
6
1
1
3

3.
2.
1.
1.
1.

3
6
5
4
4

3. 0
.9
2.4
1.6
2. 1

1 .9
1. 1
1 .9
1.7
2. 5

4. 5
. 7
3. 1
1.4
1. 5

5.
4.
8.
7.
3.

7.
5.
3.
6.
3.

-

9.
.
1.
.
1.

6. 8
6.4
6. 3
6. 5
3. 2

12. 0
5. 1
6. 0
5.9
4. 7

6. 2
4.9

7. 3
5. 0
4. 8
6. 2
3.9

10. 4
5. 4
4. 5
9.0
2. 4

5. 4
4. 7
5. 0

10. 2

3
2
6
4
3

3. 0
2. 1
3. 3
1 .6
. 8
6. 1

3. 8
1.6
3. 3
2. 4
1. 6
9.6

6. 6

7. 1
3. 4

3
3
8
8
7

4. 9

6. 0
4. 2
1. 7

11. 3
5. 6
4.9
4.9
1. 1

2.
2.
3.
1.
.
3.

6.
2.
2.
2.
1.
9.

5.
2.
1.
3.
2.
12.

6. 6

5. 5
-

3
8
6
1
1

8. 7
8. 0
7. 4

2. 6

6.
5.
4.
5.

7
1
5
1

2. 8
2.9
1. 3
.8
1. 2
5. 0

3. 2
1 .9
1. 3
1. 4
.6
6. 7

2.
3.
1.
.
1.
4.

6

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

70. 6
$1.89

7.2. 7
$ 1 .97

48. 3
$ 1 . 86

70. 4
$1.93

27. 0
$ 2 . 10

43. 4
$ 1. 83

86. 8
$ 2. 09

49. 7
$ 2 . 16

37. 1
$1.99

6. 6

4. 4
5
5
3
2
3
9

See footnote 1, table 1.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
See footnote 3, table 1.
Excludes outside salesm en .
L e s s than 0. 05 percent.

NOTE: B e c a u se of rounding, su m s of in d ivid u al ite m s m ay not equal 100.




(5)

0
6
1
1
1

6. 6

10.
5.
6.
6.
4.

-

5
3
0
4
4
8

3
0
2
4
0
5

3. 3
2. 5
8. 1

2. 6

3. 0
1. 0
.6

6. 2

21
T A B L E 5. P e r c e n t a g e di st r ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o le s a le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
hou rl y e a r n i n g s , 2 for m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , United S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s , 3 Ju n e 1958
Northeast

Un it ed S t a t e s
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n i n g s 2

Under $ 1 . 0 0

South

O ffice and Other non­ A l l non­ Offi ce an d Other non­ A l l non­ O ffice and Other non­
super­
super­
in si d e
super­
super­
in si d e
super­
in si d e
sales
v isory4
v isory4
sales
visory4
sales
v is o r y 4 v isory4

A l l non *
superv i s o r y4
1 .3

1.5

1. 2

0.9

0.7

1. 0

2.6

2.4

10 .9
1 .7
3.9
1.9
2.5

6.5
1.7
3. 1
1.9
2.5

1 4. 2
1 .7
4.6
2.0
2.5

5.9
1. 3
3.2
1. 7
2.0

3 .8
1. 1
2. 1
1.0
1. 8

7.6
1.5
4.0
2. 1
2.2

24.8
3.4
7 .4
3.0
4.6

13. 1
3.4
5.3
3.2
4.3

2.9
33.4
3.4
9.0
2.9
4.8

5.6
2.8
3.5
2.9
1.9

5.3
3. 1
4. 1
3.0
2.4

5.8
2.6
3. 1
2.8
1.6

4.9
2.8
3.6
2.6
2.3

6.0
2.6
3.3
2.9
1 .6

7.0
3.6
4.4
3.3
2. 1

7.3
4.8
5.0
4.0
2.5

6.9
2.8
3.9
2.7
1.7

7.7
6.0
6. 1
6.0
3.4

6.7
5.5
5.4
5.6
3.7

8.7
7.0
6.6
7.2
3.0

8.5
7.4
5.7
5.2
4.3

6.3
4.3
4.5
3.4
2.0

7.9
5.4
6. 1
5.0
2.7

5.0
3.6
3.3
2.3
1. 5

5.8
4.4
4.2
3.2
2.3

8-. 9
6.7
6.9
6.5
2.9
6.2
3.8
3.4
2.8
1. 7

5.5
2.7
3.4
2.8
1.9
8.6
7.2
6. 1
6. 1
3.7

5.5
4.9
4.8
3.5
2.7

6.6
5.0
5.0
4.0
3.2

6.2
5. 1
5.4
5.0
3.5

2.5
1.8
1. 2
.9
.5

3.3
2.0
1. 8
1.1
.5

1.8
1.7
.9
.8
.5

3. 1
1 .3
1 .3
.9
.5
5.0

3.6
1 .3
1 .2
1 .3
.6
7.4

2.7
1 .4
1 .3
.6
.5
3. 1

3.2
1.4
1.5
1.0
.5
5.4

7.0
4.8
4 .4
2.7
2.9
4.6
1.3
2. 1
1.2
.4
9. 1

2.2
1.5
1.1
.8
.6
2.6

1.9
.6
.5
.4
.1
2.8

2.5
1.2
.4
.9
.1
4.0

1 .4
.2
.5
.1
L9

1 00. 0

1 00. 0

1 00 .0

1 00 .0

IQQ.O

1 00 .0

10 0 .0

1 00 .0

1 0 0 .0

1,28 0 .0
$1.76

555.9
$1.84

724. 1
$1.70

405.7
$1.85

1 7 6 .7
$1.98

229.0
$1.76

317.4
$1.44

134 .9
$1.58

1 82 .5
$1.34

$ 2 . 5 0 and under $ 2 . 6 0 ___________

$ 3 . 0 0 and o v er
T o ta l

_ __

___

N u m be r of w o r k e r s
(in t ho u sa n ds )
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n i n g s 2 ..........

West

No rt h C e n t r a l
Tinder $ 1 . 0 0

1. 1

2.0

0.4

0.4

0.5

0. 3

8. 1
1 .3
2.8
1.9
2.0

6.3
1 .6
2.9
2.2
2.5

9.5
1.1
2.6
1.8
1 .7

3.4
.3
1.8
.6
.9

2.3
.2
1.9
.9
.8

4 .3
.4
1.8
.4
1 .0

5.7
2.8
3.7
3 .2
2. 1

5.5
2.8
4.6
3.0
2.6

5.8
2.8
3.0
3.4
1.7

2 .8
1.5
2. 1
1.6
1.6

2.4
1. 6
2.5
2.2
2. 1

3. 1
1. 5
1.6
1.2
1. 1

$ 1. 60
.. ......__ _ ..
$1.70
. ........
__ _
$1.80
$1.90
$2.00
.
.... . . .. . ... . ..
$2.10
_
$ 2 . 2 0 . _. ...
—
_ — _ ..... _
.
.
$ 2 . 3 0 ... _
... .
$2.40
_
... _ _
$2.50
............ _. __ ___ _

8.7
6.5
6.3
7.4
3.7

1 1 .2
8. 1
7.4
6.0
2.6
5.7
3.3
2.8
2.6
1 .3

6.8
5.4
5.5
8 .4
4.5

6.0
5.4
8. 3
7.3
4.4

6.8
5.8
8.0
7 .9
3 .8

6.6
6. 1
6.7
4.0
2.4

8.9
6.7
5.9
5. 1
3 .6

9.7
5.6
4.6
6.0
1. 7

5 .4
5. 1
8.4
6.7
5.0
8.2
7.7
7.0
4.2
5.4

$2.60 _
$2.70
_ ----- - --$2.80
_ ...... .... ............... ...
$ 2 . 9 0 ........... ........ ....... .... . ..
.........
$3.00
____
___ __ _ _______
___ _
_ _ _ _ _

3. 1
1. 1
1. 1
.7
.4
4. 8

3 .2
1.2
1.2
.5
.4
3. 4

4.9
2.9
2.3
1. 8
1.4
8. 1

4.5
1.9
1 .3
2.5
1.7
10 .7

5.3
3.7
3.2
1. 1
1. 1
5.8

100 .0

1 0 0. 0

100 .0

1 0 0 .0

2 1 5 .9
$1.79

18 3 .0
$2.06

86.3
$ 2 . 10

96.7
$2.03

$1.00
$1.05
$ 1 . 10
$ 1 . 15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 0 5 ................ ..
$ 1 . 1 0 ...
. __
$ 1 . 1 5 _ .... _ .. __
_
$1.20
. ..
$1.25
_
......

$ 1.25
$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 30
______ ____ .
$1.35
_
_ ..... . ......... ,..
$ 1. 40
$ 1 . 4 5 ____________
$ 1. 50

$1.50
$1.60
$1.70
$1.80
$1.90
$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$2.80
$2.90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
o v er

........ . .......

-

.

. ____ ___

.......... . ...
— -i-r ....r

_______ _____

..... .

3.0 .
.9
1 .0
1. 0
.4
6. 8

1 00 .0

T o t a l _________________________
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s
(in th o u sa n ds )
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n i n p s 2

6.2
4.9
5. 1
3.4
2.0

.

1 0 0. 0

373.9
$1.79

158. 1
$1.79

1 See footnote 1, ta ble 1.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay for o v e r t i m e a n d for w o r k on w ee k e n d s, h o l id a y s , and la te sh if t s.
3 S ee footnote 3, ta ble 1.
4 E x c l u d e s ou ts id e s a l e s m e n .
NOTE:




B e c a u s e o f ro un din g, s u m s of ind iv id u al i t e m s m a y not eq u al 100.

22
T A B L E 6- P e r c e n t a g e di st r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o le sa le t r a d e 1 by a v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t i m e
hourly e a r n i n g s , 2 for s e l e c t e d w h o le sa le li ne s of m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , United S t a t e s , June 1958

A v e r a g e hour ly ea r n in g s 2

Mot or
Drugs,
Dry
v e h ic l e s
c h e m ic a l s , goods
and a u t o ­
and a ll ie d
and
mot ive
p r o du ct s a p p a r e l
equ ip men t

Groceries
and food
sp ecial­
ti es

Farm
p r o d u c t s—
goods for
im m e d ia t e
consum p­
tion

Hardware
M iscel­
and pl um b­ M ac h in er y,
lan eo u s
ing and eq uipment,
merchant
heating
and
w ho le ­
eq uipment su p pl ier
salers
su p p l ie s

E lec­
trical
goods

0. 2

0.7

1. 6

0. 2

0. 9

$ 1. 00
$ 1. 05
$ 1.10
$ 1. 15
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 _______
$ 1 . 1 5 ___________
$ 1. 2 0 _______
$ 1 . 2 5 ___________

12.
2.
4.
3.
4.

2
8
5
1
4

8.
1.
3.
3.
2.

2
9
0
0
4

8.
2.
6.
2.
2.

5
8
7
0
9

13.
2.
3.
2.
2.

8
0
5
2
1

22.
1.
6.
2.
2.

6
9
6
8
5

4.
1.
2.
1.
2.

5
5
6
2
8

5.
1.
3.
1.
2.

2
9
1
7
8

5.
1.
2.
1.
1.

4
3
7
2
8

11.
1.
3.
1.
2.

3
3
9
7
4

$ 1. 25
$ 1. 30
$1.35
$1.40
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
unde r
unde r

$ 1 . 3 0 __________
$ 1. 3 5 ___________
$ 1 . 4 0 __________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1 . 5 0 __

5.
3.
4.
4.
2.

5
8
8
4
2

4.
2.
5.
4.
2.

8
6
5
1
9

5.
2.
2.
1.
1.

4
7
7
5
7

4.
2.
4.
1.
1.

9
8
9
8
4

4.
l.
1.
1.
1.

8
8
8
6
6

4.
3.
4.
3.
2.

3
4
8
2
6

6.
3.
3.
3.
2.

0
0
6
4
7

5.
2.
2.
2.
2.

5
2
4
9
2

*.
2.
3.
3.
1.

2
9
2
1
8

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
u n de r
unde r
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 __________
$ 1. 70 _ ________
$ 1 . 8 0 _________
$ 1. 9 0 __________
$ 2 . 0 0 ___________

8.
7.
6.
6.
3.

3
0
4
7
7

10.
4.
6.
6.
4.

9
6
1
7
0

5.
5.
5.
6.
1.

0
0
9
2
9

5.
4.
4.
4.
3.

5
6
7
9
5

5.
2.
3.
5.
2.

5
4
4
0
3

10.
7.
6.
6.
2.

1
0
7
3
6

9.
7.
6.
6.
4.

0
6
1
6
2

8.
6.
6.
7.
5.

4
t
5
1
8

7.
6.
6.
5.
2.

9
8
8
8
9

$2 .
$ 2.
$2 .
$2.
$2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 1 0 __________
$ 2 . 2 0 ___________
$ 2 . 30
__
$ 2 . 4 0 ___________
$ 2 . 50 __

3.
2.
3.
2.
.

8
0
2
0
6

5.
3.
5.
2.
1.

3
3
2
1
8

7. 7
3.
3.
2.
2.

8
5
7
9

6.
3.
5.
4.
4.

2
8
8
4
7

5.
3.
2.
5.
3.

0
8
7
2
1

5.
6.
2.
4.
1.

5
3
8
0
4

7.
5.
4.
3.
1.

8
7
1
0
1

7.
4.
4.
3.
2.

8
3
6
8
1

5.
5.
4.
2.
1.

1
0
2
6
8

$ 2. 50
$2 . 60
$ 2. 70
$ 2. 80
$ 2. 90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 2. 6 0 ___________
$'2. 7 0 ___________
$ 2 . 8 0 _________
$ 2. 9 0 ___ ______
$ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r -------------------------

2.
.
1.
.
.
2.

6
5
4
2
5
2

2.
2.
.
.
.
4.

8
1
3
8
5
3

2.
2.
.
1.
.
10.

0
5
6
2
6
7

3.
1.
1.
.
.
2.

4
1
7
6
1
8

2.
1.
1.
.
.
5.

6
1
4
8
2
2

4.
1.
1.
1.
.
6.

2
6
1
1
4
2

2.
1.
.
1.
.
5.

2
6
6
3
1
7

4.
2.
1.
1.
1.
4.

2
1
3
2
0
5

3.
1.
1.
.
.

0
1
3
9
6
4

U nde r $ 1 . 0 0 ______________________

T o t a l ------ ----------------------N u m b er of w o r k e r s
(in tho usands) _________________
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n in g s 2 ______

1. 1

2. 9

2. 3

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

93. 2
$ 1 . 60

49. 5
$ 1. 75

63. 5
$1.92

173. 3
$ 1 . 72

95. 5
$ 1. 6 (

72.9
$ 1 . 86

72.3
$ 1. 80

156. 7
$ 1 . 85

503. 1
$ 1.76

1 S e e footnote 1, table 1.
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w eek en ds , ho l id a y s, and la t e sh if t s.
NOTE:




1. 0

B e c a u s e of rounding, s u m s of individual it e m s m a y not eq u al 100.

23
T A B L E 7. Nu m b er and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s 1 of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in w h o le s a le t r a d e , 2
for s e l e c t e d w h o le s a le li n e s of m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , United S t a t e s and r e g i o n s , 3 Jun e 1958
(W o rk er s in t ho u sa n ds )
United S ta t e s
Wh o le sa le line

Motor v e h i c l e s and au to mo ti ve e q u i p m e n t ________
D r u g s , c h e m i c a l s , and a ll i e d pr o du cts __________
Dr y go o d s and a p p a r e l ___________________________
G r o c e r i e s and food s p e c i a l t i e s ______________ __
F a r m p r o d u c t s — g o o ds for i m m e d ia t e
cons um pti on
E l e c t r i c a l go o d s ________________________________
H a r d w a r e and plumbing and heating equipment
and su p p l ie s _____________ _______ ___________
M ac h i n er y , eq u ip me n t, and su p p l ie s __ ________
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s ___________

N u m b er
of
workers

N o r t h e a st

Average
hourl y
ea r n in g s

Num ber
of
w orkers

South

Average
hour ly
earnings

Num ber
of
w orkers

93.2
49.5
63.5
1 73 .3

$1.60
1.75
1 .9 2
1.72

4 1 .1
50.3

$1.97
1.79

54.2

$1.38
1.26

95.5
72.9

1 .6 6
1 .8 6

2 1 .1
-

1.99
_

29.6
_

1.28
_

72.3
1 56 .7
503. 1

1 .8 0
1.85
1 .7 6

42.6
1 7 0. 0

1.89
1.85

41.2
1 07 .2

1.68
1.45

|

28.0
-

North C e n tr a l
Motor v e h i c l e s and au to mo ti ve e q u i p m e n t _________
D r u g s , c h e m i c a l s , and a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ____________
__
_ _ _ ______
Dry g o o ds and a p p a r e l
G r o c e r i e s and food s p e c i a l t i e s ____________________
F a r m p r o d u c t s — g o o ds for i m m e d ia t e
c o n s u m p t i o n ______________________________________
E l e c t r i c a l g o o ds ___________________________________
H a r d w a r e and plumbing and heating eq uipment
and s u p p l ie s ______________________________________
M ac h i n er y , equ ip men t, and su p p l ie s ______________
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s ______________ —

West

28.2
45.9
28.1
-

—

$1.64
1.98
1.49
-

46.5
157 .5

1 .8 4
1. 76

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay for o v e r t im e an d for w or k on w ee k en d s, h o l id a y s , and la te sh if t s.
2 See footnote 1, ta ble 1.
3 Se e footnote 3, ta ble 1.
N O TE :

D a s h e s indica te no data r e p o r t e d o r data that do not m e e t pu blication c r i t e r i a .




Average
hourly
ea r n in g s

.
-

22.9
-

26.3
68.4

_
-

$2.09
2. 10
2 .0 5

24
TA BLE 8. P ercentage distribution of nonsupervisory em ployees in wholesale tr a d e 1 by average straigh t-tim e
hourly e a r n in g s ,2 for agents and b ro k e rs, United States and r e g io n s ,3 June 1958

A verage hourly earnings 2

United States 4
Office and
inside
sa le s

All nonsup erv isory 5
1 .8

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 5
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1.40
$ 1 .4 5
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .( 0
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 .1 0
$ 2 .2 0
$2. 30
$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 .5 0
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 .9 0
$ 3 .0 0

and under $ 1 .0 5 ________
and unde r $ 1 .1 0 __________
and under $ 1 .1 5 __________
and under $ 1 .2 0 __________
and under $ 1 .2 5 __________
and under $ 1 .3 0 __________
and under $ 1 .3 5 __________
and under $ 1.40 __________
and under $ 1 .4 5 __________
and under $ 1 .5 0 __________
and under $ 1.60 __________
and under $ 1 .7 0 __________
and under $ 1.80 __________
and unde r $ 1 .9 0 __________
and under $ 2 .0 0 __________
and under $ 2 .1 0 __________
and under $ 2 .2 0 __________
and under $ 2 .3 0 __________
and under $ 2 .4 0 __________
and under $ 2 .5 0 __________
and under $ 2 .6 0 __________
and under $ 2 .7 0 __________
and under $ 2 .8 0
_______
and under $2. 90 __________
and under $ 3 .0 0 __________
and over __________________
T o t a l.................... ........................
Number of w orkers
(in thousands) __________________
A verage hourly earn ings 2 _______

0. 7

21. 1
1 .2

8 .0

.6

1 .7
.4
2 .4
5. 7
2 .2

3. 3
2. 1
.9
5. 9
4. 1
5.1
3 .2
2.6
7. 1
4. 8
3 .4
2 .4
2 .4
4 .0
.9
1 .8
.8

2 .0
.2

1. 9
5 .9
.8

.8
2 .7
1. 5
3 .4
5 .8
>..9
4. 5
3 .8
11.5
5 .9
4 .0
2 .3
3 .4
6.3
.7
2 .9

Other non­
su p e r­
visory 5
3.2
38.0
2 .0

1.3
.6

3.0
5.4
4. 1
6 .6

All non­
su p e r­
viso ry 5

0. 5
1.5
.4

1 .0

1 .2

.1
1.9
4 .0

.1
2 .4
4 .0
.8

12. 7
12. 7
3. 8
.3
.3
4. 0
1.9

1.9

3 .9
.1
4 .4

1 .0
1 .0

2 .4

.2

1 .0

9.2
1.9

2 .4
5.3
7. 9
5. 6
3. 1
11.4
7. 5
5.4

1. 5
1 .0

1.3
3 .4
2 .6

2 .5
1. 1
1 .1
1. 1
.2

.8

5. 1
5. 6

1 See footnote 1, table 1.




3 .9
13.4
7.4
5.4
.7
5.2
6 .1

.9
3.5

2 .8

6 .9
3. 9
3. 1
7. 7
5 .4
1 .0

4. 8
3. 7
2 .4
_
1. 7
_
11.4

8. 5

11.7

.3
(6)
4 .3

13.8

14.4

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

106. 9
$1 .8 1

$2 .0 7

6 0 .2

46. 7
$1 .4 7

34.4
$2. 15

27. 5
$2.23

6. 9
$1 .8 4

.3

1 .1
.6

1 .0

2 .2

28. 1
3. 5
3. 5
.8

24. 9
2. 3
5.0
.
4 .3
9.3
_
.7
7. 5
1.3
3. 5

6 .8

6 .9
3. 6
1 0 .0

4. 1
.6
4 .4
5. 6
4. 1
.9
1 .6

2 .8

3. 5
.8

8 .0

5.4
.7
2. 3
6.4
4 .0
1.5

1 .1

.2
.2

2 .2

4. 1

.1
_
.3
_
3 .8

.2

.1

1 .0
1 .0

North Central

_
.7
_
5.5

_
30.7
4. 5
2 .2

1.5

8 .8

5. 1
6.4
17. 5
1.3
5. 1
3. 6
3.0
1 .0
1 .0

_
3. 1
.2

1.7
.6

_
_
_
_
2 .4

2.0
30. 7
( 6)
1. 7
.4
.c
7. 5
3.4
2 .0

.9
.5
5. 5
3.3
3. 8
3. 5
3. 2
4. 3
4 .3
4 .1
2 .4
1.5
4. 6
1 .2

.9
.6
( 6)
7.3

0. 1

8 .4
_
2. 1
.6

8. 9
1.7

1 .0
1. 1

.4
5.3
6.5

6 .0
6 .0
6 .0
8 .2

5. 5
3 .5
1. 7
2. 7
9.1
.3
1.5
1.3
.1
11.9

3. 3
47. 7
( 6)
1.4
.2

.8

6. 5

4 .8
2. 7
.7
.6
5. 7
.9
2. 1
1. 5
1 .0

1.3
3 .4
4. 5
2 .9
.5
1 .0

1.9
.5
.1
3 .7

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

11.5
$ 1 .5 9

14.3
$ 1 .3 8

31 .8
$ 1 .7 0

13.8
$ 2 .0 4

18.0
$ 1 .4 4

00

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 .4 7

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
See footnote 3, table 1.
Includes data for regions in addition to those shown sep arate ly .
Excludes outside salesm en .
L e s s than 0 .0 5 percent.
NOTE: B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s may not equal 100.

3
4
5
6

6 .0
8. 1
6 .0

1 .0

tv

$ 1 .0 0 _____________________
and under $ 1 .0 5 __________
and under $ 1 .1 0 __________
and under $ 1 .1 5 __________
and under $ 1 .2 0 __________
and under $ 1 .2 5
________
and under $ 1 .3 0 __________
and under $ 1 .3 5 __________
and under $ 1 .4 0 __________
and under $ 1 .4 5 __________
and under $1. 50 __________
and under $ 1.60
_ _
and under $ 1 .7 0 __________
and under $ 1 .8 0 __________
and under $ 1 . 9 0 __________
and under $ 2 .0 0 __________
and under $ 2 .1 0 __________
and under $ 2 .2 0 __________
and under $ 2 .3 0 __________
and under $ 2 .4 0
and under $ 2 .5 0 __________
and under $ 2 . 60
and under $2. 70 __________
and under $ 2 .8 0 __________
and under $2. 90 __________
and under $ 3 .0 0 __________
and over _ ________________
T o t a l ______________________
Number of workers
(in thousands) __________________
A verage hourly earnings 2 _______

1 .0
2 .0
1 .2

1 .2
2.8
1. 1
.8

South
Under
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1. 10
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 5
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.35
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 5
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1.60
$ 1. 70
$ 1.80
$ 1.90
$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 .1 0
$ 2 .2 0
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0
$2. 50
$ 2. 60
$ 2 .7 0
$2. 80
$2. 90
$ 3 .0 0

Other non­
su p e r­
v is o r y 5

2 .9
3. 8
1. 1

1.3

2 .8

Northeast
Office and
inside
sa le s

25
TA BLE 9.

P e r c e n ta g e d istrib u tio n of n o n su p erv iso ry e m p lo y e e s in w h o lesa le t r a d e 1 by a v er a g e stra ig h t-tim e
h ourly e a r n in g s ,2 for a s s e m b le r s of fa rm p ro d u cts, U nited S ta tes and r e g io n s ,3 June 1 9 5 8
South
Northeast
United S t a t e s
All non­ O ffice and Oth er non­ All no n­ Office and Other non­ All non­ Office and Other non­
super­
insi de
super­
super­
super­
super­
insid e
super­
insid e
visory 4
sales
visory 4 visory 4
sales
viso ry4
v isory4
visory 4
sales

A v e r a g e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s 2

4 .3

2. 7

4 .8

1.2

4.3

_

9.2

1.4

1 1 .3

$ 1. 0 0
$ 1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nde r
unde r
u nde r
u nde r

$1.05
$ 1. 10
$1.15
$1.20
$1.25

___________
___________
___________
___________
________ __

21.7
8.0
4. 8
2. 6
3.0

18. 5
2.0
4. 1
2. 1
2 .4

22. 7
9.9
5. 1
2.8
3.2

28.3
4.2
3.5
1 .3
4 .9

8. 5
1.6
.7
2.3
3.3

36.2
5.3
4. 6
.9
5. 6

35.2
4. 5
6.5
2. 7
1.8

39. 7
5.3
6. 4
2.8
1.8

$ 1 .25
$1.30
$1.35
$1.40
$1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
under

$ 1 . 3 0 ___________
$ 1 . 3 5 ___________
$ 1 . 4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1 . 5 0 ___________

5. 9
3.0
3. 7
4 .4
2. 7

8. 5
3. 1
2.9
4.2
1 .7

3.8
2 .8
2. 6
4. 6
1.7

.3
3.2
3.1
5. 1
.4

5. 3
2.7
2.4
4 .4
2.2

5.9
2.3
1. 9
1.3
1.7

$1.50
$ 1.6 0
$1.70
$1.80
$ 1.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
unde r
unde r

$ 1.60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$2.00

___________
___________
--------------___________
---------------

7. 9
3. 1
3.1
4.2
1. 9
6.4
4.3
5. 1
3.7
1.8

1 9 .3
1.3
6. 9
2. 1
1.9
7.0
2.9
4 .6
4.3
1.8

7. 7
5. 6
7. 6
5. 6
2.2

6.0
3.9
4 .4
3. 1
1.6

8.8
6.8
7. 5
6.0
1.0

1 3 .3
13.4
6. 8
15.8
.8

7.0
4.2
7. 8
2.0
1. 1

4. 5
2. 5
4. 7
4.2
.6

9.3
6.4
5.6
5.2
1.5

3.2
1.9
4.4
3.9
.3

$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2 . 30
$ 2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
under

$ 2 . 10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

___________
___________
___________
___________

2 .5
3. 1
1.8
1.8
.8

3. 7
3.5
1.9
1.6
1 .0

2. 1
3.0
1. 7
1.8
.7

3.0
1 .2
2.3
1.0
.3

2. 8
1.0
1. 1
1 .2
.4

1. 7
3.0
.9
.4
.5

4. 1
1.6
1. 7
.9
1.7

1 .0
3.4
.6
.3
.2

$ 2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$2,80
$2.90
$3.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 60 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 7 0 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 80 ___________
unde r $ 2 . 9 0 ___________
unde r $ 3 . 0 0 ___________
o v e r ____________________

2. 1
.4
.5
1.7
.2
3.3

1 .0

.8
.2
.1
.1
.7

1 .4
.1
.3
.2
(5)
1.8

2 .7
.4
.8
.6
.1
4. 0

1. 1
.1
.2
.1
1 .2

1 0 0. 0

.9
.2
.2
.2
( 5)
1. 1
10 0 .0

1. 0
.5
.4

T o t a l _________________________

1 .2
.2
.3
.6
.1
1. 6
1 0 0. 0

3. 7
1.7
5.4
.6
1.6
1. 1
1. 1
_
1.8

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

100.0

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in t ho usa nds ) ____________________
______
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n i n g s 2

95. 8
$1.43

2 3. 6
$ 1 . 60

72.2
$1.38

6.9
$1.43

2 .0
$ 1 . 65

4 .9
$1.35

26. 5
$1.32

5. 8
$1.57

20. 7
$1.25

5. 0

0. 1

0.8

7
1
5
1
5

6.5
17.4
2. 6
1.2
1 .8

1 .5
.8
1.2
1.9
1 .0

Under $ 1. 0 0 _______________________

(5)

North C e n tr a l

5. 6
2. 1
1. 1
.5
1.6

West
_

4. 7

4.0

23. 1
3. 1
5.8
4.2
4.8

Un de r $ 1 . 0 0 _________________________

28.2
3. 1
4. 5
2.2
3.2

7. 8
3.9

6.8
3.9
4. 1
2.2
4.2

8.2
3.9
4. 6
6.2
2. 1

10. 7
2. 9
2 .8
6.0
1.2

4. 8
1 .0
2 .2
8.8
1.4

6.4
3.5
4. 5
3.5
1. 1

3.4
5.2
2 .9
3. 1
2. 1

9. 7
4. 7
6.9
3.4
3.0

6. 3
6.2
16.6
6. 5
5. 6

10. 5

2 .4
3.0
1.5
1.3

2 .6
2.6
2.0
1.3
1.2

3. 1
4.0
2. 3
3. 7
1 .0

5. 9
7. 2
1.6
3.6
1.6

2. 5
3.3
2 .5
3. 7

1.9
.3

1.3
.2
.2
1.4
.1
1.5

2.0

1. 1
.2
.2

.5

(5)

$ 1.00
$1.05
$1.10
$1.15
$1.20

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
u nde r
under
under

$1.05
$ 1 . 1 0 _____________
$ 1 . 1 5 _____________
$1.20
$ 1.25 _

$1.25
$1.30
$1.35
$ 1.40
$ 1.45

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
un der
under
unde r

$ 1.3 0 ____ ______
$1.35
$ 1.4 0
$1.45
$ 1. 50 _____________

$ 1. 50
$ 1.60
$ 1.70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 . 90

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
unde r
under
under
under

$ 1. 60
$1.70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1. 90 ___
$2.00

$2.00
$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
unde r
under

$2.10
$2.20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

_____________
_____________

2 .5
2 .7
1.8
1. 3
1.0

$2.50
$2.60
$2.70
$ 2.80
$2.90
$ 3 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 2 . 6 0 _____________
unde r $ 2 . 7 0
under $ 2 . 8 0
unde r $ 2 . 90 _____________
under $ 3 . 0 0 _____________
o v e r ________________ ___

1. 1
.3
.3
.3
.1
1.7

.2
2 .7

.6
.3
.3
.2
.1
1 .2

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

1 00 .0

1 0 0 .0

100.0

32.6
$1.42

1 0 .7
$1.45

21.9
$ 1 .4 0

29. 8
$1.55

5. 2
$1.91

24 . 6
$1.47

T o t a l __ _

_

4. 4
4. 9
2 .8

4. 4
______
—

_____________

_ _

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
(in t ho usa nds ) ______________________
A v e r a g e hou rl y e a r n i n g s 2 _ __ ___
1
2
3
4
5

_

_

___________ ________

—

4. 6
3.4
3.2
1.7

.4
.4
.4

20 .
3.
6.
5.
5.

S ee footnote 1, tab le 1.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay for o v er tim e and for work on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h if t s .
S ee footnote 3, tab le 1.
E x clu d es ou tsid e s a le s m e n .
L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p erc en t.

NOTE: B e c a u se of rounding, su m s of individual ite m s m ay not equal 1 00.




.5

.3
6. 1
4. 3

7. 6
20.8
2.9
1 .1
1.9
12.0
3.3
3.0
5. 4
1.2

4.4
4.9
2 .7
2.4

.9

.4

.9




27

Appendix A :

Scope and Method of Survey

S c o p e o f S u rv e y
T h e June 1958 s u r v e y o f e m p lo y e e e a r n in g s in w h o le s a le tr a d e c o v e r e d
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r i m a r il y in w h o le s a le tr a d e w ith one o r m o r e e m p lo y e e s
e x c lu d in g s a le s o f f i c e s o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and m in in g c o m p a n ie s , s e p a r a t e ly i n c o r ­
p o r a te d s a le s s u b s id ia r ie s o f su ch c o m p a n ie s , and p e t r o le u m bulk s ta t io n s . W h o le ­
s a le t r a d e , as d e fin e d in the 1949 e d itio n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s i f i c a t i o n
(SIC ) M an u al o f the B u re a u o f th e B u d g e t, in c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e c h ie f
fu n c tio n s a r e s e llin g g o o d s to tr a d in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r to in d u s tria l, c o m m e r c i a l ,
in s titu tio n a l, and p r o f e s s io n a l u s e r s ; and b rin g in g b u y e r and s e ll e r t o g e t h e r .
In
a d d itio n to s e llin g , fu n c tio n s fr e q u e n t ly p e r f o r m e d by w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t s in ­
clu d e m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r ie s o f g o o d s ; ex te n d in g c r e d it ; p h y s ic a lly a s s e m b lin g ,
s o rtin g , and g r a d in g g o o d s in la r g e lo t s ; b re a k in g bulk and r e d is t r ib u t io n in s m a lle r
l o t s ; d e li v e r y ; r e f r ig e r a t io n ; and v a r i o u s ty p e s o f p r o m o t io n , s u ch a s a d v e r t is in g
and la b e l d e s ig n in g .
Th e e x c e p t io n s m e n tio n e d a r e the o n ly s e g m e n ts o f w h o le s a le
tr a d e n ot c o v e r e d in th is r e p o r t .

E s t a b lis h m e n ts e n g a g e d in the p r o c e s s in g and d is tr ib u t io n o f flu id m ilk
fo r s a le in s t o r e s w e r e e x c lu d e d .
(Such u n its a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s p a rt o f m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g in the 1957 e d itio n o f the SIC M an u al and w e r e in c lu d e d g e n e r a lly in
r e t a il tr a d e u n der p r i o r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m s . )

T h e fo llo w in g ty p e s o f w h o le s a lin g a c t iv it y w e r e in c lu d e d :
1.
M e r ch a n t W h o le s a le r s . — T h is m a jo r g r o u p in c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts
u s u a lly kn ow n as w h o l e s a le r s ,
m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a le r s ,
o r jo b b e r s , p r im a r ily
en g a g e d in b u y in g , takin g title to , and w h e r e c u s t o m a r y p h y s ic a lly s to r in g and
h an d lin g g o o d s , and s e llin g the g o o d s at w h o le s a le p r in c ip a lly to r e t a i l e r s and
in d u s tr ia l and c o m m e r c i a l u s e r s .
T h is g r o u p a ls o in c lu d e s in d u s tr ia l d is t r i b u t o r s ,
e x p o r t e r s , a n d im p o r t e r s , c a s h - a n d - c a r r y w h o le s a le r s , d r o p s h ip p e r s , w a g o n d i s ­
t r ib u t o r s , e t c .
Th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in th is g r o u p m a y p e r f o r m o p e r a tio n s
on the g o o d s in c id e n ta l to the w h o le s a le tr a d in g and d e li v e r y , s u ch as in s ta llin g
m a c h in e r y , e q u ip m e n t, and f ix t u r e s ; and c o lle c t in g and b a lin g w a s te m a t e r i a l s .
2.

A g e n ts and B r o k e r s

3.
A s s e m b l e r s o f F a r m P r o d u c t s . — E s t a b lis h m e n ts p r i m a r il y e n g a g e d in
p u r c h a s in g and a s s e m b lin g fa r m p r o d u c t s and sea fo o d s in l o c a l g r o w e r s * m a r k e t s ,
at l o c a l p r o d u c in g p o in ts , and in th e c i t i e s o f p r o d u c in g r e g io n s .
T h e s e e s t a b li s h ­
m e n ts a r e p r i m a r il y e n g a g e d in c o n c e n tr a tin g fa r m p r o d u c ts p r o d u c e d on a r e l a ­
t iv e ly s m a ll s c a le and a s s e m b lin g l a r g e r lo t s f o r sh ip m e n t to o th e r w h o le s a le
bu yers.
In a d d itio n to the a c tu a l buyin g and w h o le s a le d is tr ib u t io n o f fa r m p r o ­
d u c ts , e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d in th is g r o u p fr e q u e n tly g r a d e , p a c k , s t o r e , and
in s o m e c a s e s , fin a n c e the c o m m o d i t i e s th ey h a n d le .

S u rv e y c o v e r a g e e x te n d e d to the 48 S tates and the D i s t r i c t o f C o lu m b ia
in June 1958.
D ata r e la t e to a r e p r e s e n t a t iv e p a y r o ll p e r io d en din g n e a r e s t
June 15, 1 95 8.




28

W age data a r e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly
e r s , a n d f o r a ll o th e r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
o f w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d in the r e p r in t o f the
but a r e r e p e a t e d u n der D e fin itio n o f T e r m s on
s o r y , e x e c u tiv e * a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and

fo r in s id e s a le s and o f f i c e w o r k ­
Th e d e fin itio n s o f th e s e c l a s s e s
q u e s tio n n a ir e f o r m (a p p e n d ix B ),
p age 30.
W age data f o r s u p e r v i ­
o u ts id e s a le s m e n , a r e e x c lu d e d .

C o ll e c t i o n and S a m p lin g P r o c e d u r e

fro m

The su rvey
tw o s o u r c e s .

w a s c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s ,

w ith the s a m p le d e r iv e d

1.
State U n e m p lo y m e n t C o m p e n s a t io n L i s t i n g s . —A h ig h ly s t r a t ifie d p r o b a ­
b ility s a m p le " ^ a s ” seIectedn^rorrT th¥ T T sts~oF lre^poF nngim its c l a s s i f i e d u n d er w h o l e ­
s a le tr a d e in the r e t u r n s to State u n e m p lo y m e n t in s u r a n c e a g e n c ie s (U l).
Th e s t r a t ific a t io n to o k a c c o u n t o f su ch f a c t o r s a s typ e o f o p e r a t io n ,
lo c a t io n , and e s ta b lis h m e n t e m p lo y m e n t s iz e .
W ith in e a c h typ e o f o p e r a t io n r e g io n a l g r o u p in g , the s a m p le w a s s e le c t e d to y i e ld the m o s t a c c u r a t e e s t im a t e s
p o s s ib le w ith the r e s o u r c e s a v a ila b le .
T h is w a s d on e b y in c lu d in g in the s a m p le
a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s than o f s m a ll— in g e n e r a l, an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s ch a n ce o f in c lu s io n w a s r o u g h ly p r o p o r tio n a te to its e m p lo y m e n t s i z e .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith fe w e r than fo u r e m p lo y e e s a r e not in c lu d e d in
th is s a m p lin g f r a m e , s in c e su ch s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e n ot c o v e r e d by the
U n e m p lo y m e n t In s u r a n c e la w s o f m a n y S ta te s .
T h e in d u s tr y c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s a r e th o s e o f the S o c ia l S e c u r it y B o a r d
(SSB) in d u s tr y c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m , s in c e the UI h ad n ot y e t c o n v e r t e d to the
SIC s y s t e m .
H o w e v e r , the data c o l l e c t e d on k in d o f b u s in e s s m a d e it p o s s ib le
to ta b u la te the in fo r m a t io n on the b a s is o f the SIC s y s t e m .
S in ce the UI l is t s a r e se t up by S ta te , and
a lm o s t p e r f e c t g e o g r a p h ic s t r a t ific a t io n w a s p o s s i b l e .

C ou n ty w ith in S ta te ,

an

O f the 3 ,0 5 8 r e p o r t in g u n its o r i g i n a l ly s o l i c i t e d , 1 ,9 6 3 r e s p o n d e d
to tw o m a il r e q u e s t s .
S om e 476 w e r e , h o w e v e r , fou n d to be o u ts id e the s c o p e
o f the in d u s tr y a s d e fin e d .
P e r s o n a l v i s i t s by B u re a u f ie l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s w e r e
m a d e to a s a m p le o f the n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and an a d d itio n a l 437 u s a b le q u e s t io n n a ir e s
w e r e o b ta in e d . T h is p a rt o f the s a m p le , t h e r e f o r e , in c lu d e d 1 ,9 2 4 r e p o r t in g u n its .
2.
A r e a S a m p le . — T o c o v e r the
lis h m e n ts w ith fe w e r than fo u r e m p lo y e e s , an a r e a
U se w a s m a d e o f the r e s o u r c e s o f the B u re a u o f
m a k e s a s u r v e y o f s e le c t e d g e o g r a p h ic s e g m e n ts in

n u m e r ic a lly im p o r ta n t g r o u p o f e s t a b ­
s a m p lin g fr a m e w a s e m p lo y e d .
the C e n s u s , w h ic h e a c h m on th
its S u rv e y o f C u r r e n t B u s i n e s s .

Th e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o f the C e n s u s B u r e a u , in th e ir e x h a u s tiv e c h e c k
o f the g e o g r a p h ic s e g m e n ts w h ile e n u m e ra tin g the r e t a il and s e r v i c e e s t a b li s h ­
m e n t s , a ls o u n c o v e r e d the a p p r o p r ia t e w h o le s a le tr a d e u n its w ith in th e s e s e g m e n t s ,
and o b ta in e d the a p p r o p r ia t e w a g e data f r o m th e m .
T h is w a s d on e in 2 m o n th s —
to a c c o u n t f o r a 1- p e r c e n t s a m p le o f w h o le s a le tr a d e e s t a b lis h m e n t s o f that s i z e .
T o r e i n f o r c e the s a m p le o f u n its w ith fo u r and fiv e e m p lo y e e s , su ch
u n its w e r e a ls o in c lu d e d in the a r e a s a m p le d e s ig n .
B r a n c h e s o f m u lt i-u n it
e n t e r p r i s e s , w h ic h a r e g e n e r a lly in c lu d e d in the UI l i s t s in a ll S ta te s , w e r e n ot
c o v e r e d in the a r e a s a m p le , n o r w e r e any u n its c o v e r e d w h ic h f e ll in the p a rts
o f w h o le s a le tr a d e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y .
U sa b le data f r o m 463 e s t a b li s h ­
m e n ts w e r e in c lu d e d .




29

M eth od o f E s t im a tio n
Data c o l l e c t e d f r o m e a c h s a m p lin g u n it, w h e th e r a s in g le e s ta b lis h m e n t
o r g r o u p o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s , w e r e w e ig h te d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the p r o b a b ilit y o f
s e le c t in g that u n it.
F o r in s t a n c e , i f 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c h o s e n f r o m 10 s im ila r
u n its , data f r o m that unit w e r e g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 10— s o that it w o u ld r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f and the 9 o th e r u n its in th e fin a l e s t im a t e .
T h is p r o c e d u r e h e ld f o r both
the s a m p le d ra w n f r o m the U n e m p lo y m e n t C o m p e n s a tio n l is t s and that d ra w n by
the a r e a s a m p lin g m e th o d o f the B u re a u o f the C e n s u s .
In the la tte r c a s e , the w e ig h t s d e p e n d e d a lm o s t e n t ir e ly upon the p r o b a ­
b ilit y o f the s e le c t io n o f the p a r t ic u la r g e o g r a p h ic s e g m e n ts — w h ic h in 2 m o n th s
w a s a bou t 1 in 100.
S ligh t u p w a rd a d ju s tm e n t o f the w e ig h ts w a s n e c e s s a r y in
s o m e a r e a s b e c a u s e o f fa ilu r e to o b ta in u s a b le w a g e data f r o m a few o f the
id e n t ifie d w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T w o e s t im a t e s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g fo u r o r fiv e w o r k e r s w e r e
m a d e — one on the b a s is o f the s a m p le d ra w n f r o m the U n e m p lo y m e n t In s u r a n c e
A g e n c y l i s t s , and the o th e r f r o m the a r e a s a m p le d e v e lo p e d by the B u re a u o f the
C en su s.
T h e s e tw o e s t im a t e s w e r e c o m b in e d w ith e q u a l w e ig h t (e a c h g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f o n e -h a lf ) in the o v e r a l l e s t im a t e , s o that e s ta b lis h m e n ts o f th is s iz e
w e r e n ot o v e r r e p r e s e n t e d in the r e s u l t s .
A ll e m p lo y m e n t to ta ls o b ta in e d by a p p lic a t io n o f the w e ig h ts thus d e s c r i b e d
w e r e fu r th e r a d ju s te d to the to ta ls p u b lis h e d f o r June 1958 by the B u re a u o f L a b o r
S ta tis tic s in its m o n th ly e m p lo y m e n t s e r i e s .
S t r ic t a g r e e m e n t w ith the p u b lis h e d
to ta ls is n ot p o s s i b l e , h o w e v e r , s in c e the p u b lis h e d n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y m e n t
to ta ls in c lu d e o u ts id e s a le s m e n , w h ic h a r e n ot in c lu d e d in th is s u r v e y .
The pub­
lis h e d s e r i e s , u n lik e the p r e s e n t w a g e s u r v e y , a ls o in c lu d e s m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a le r s
w h ic h a r e in d e p e n d e n tly in c o r p o r a t e d s a le s s u b s id ia r ie s o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and
m in in g c o m p a n ie s .
T h e p u b lis h e d e s t im a t e s o f e m p lo y m e n t f o r June 1958 in the g r o u p s
stu d ie d (m e r c h a n t w h o l e s a l e r s , a g e n ts and b r o k e r s ,
and a s s e m b l e r s o f fa r m
p r o d u c ts ) w e r e r e d u c e d on the b a s is o f p r o p o r t io n s fou n d f r o m the s u r v e y s a m p le
to ( l ) e lim in a te o u ts id e s a le s m e n f r o m the n o n s u p e r v is o r y to ta l a n d (2) e lim in a te
s e p a r a t e ly i n c o r p o r a t e d s a le s s u b s id ia r i e s o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and m in in g f i r m s .
It is th e s e r e d u c e d to ta ls that a r e u s e d a s the e s t im a t e s o f to ta l n o n s u p e r v i­
s o r y e m p lo y m e n t.
A lth ou g h the B u re a u d o e s n ot p u b lis h r e g io n a l to ta ls in w h o le s a le t r a d e ,
the g e o g r a p h ic data a v a ila b le in the 1954 C e n s u s o f B u s in e s s f o r m e d the b a s is
f o r d is tr ib u t in g c u r r e n t to ta ls a m o n g the r e g io n a l c o m p o n e n ts .
N o a s s u m p tio n h a s b e e n m a d e that the n o n r e s p o n d e n ts w e r e s im ila r to the
r e s p o n d e n ts in th e ir w a g e s t r u c t u r e .
In o r d e r to m in im iz e the b ia s o f n o n r e s p o n s e ,
the s a m p le r e t u r n s o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s it f r o m the n o n r e s p o n d e n ts to the m a il
q u e r y w e r e w e ig h te d to r e p r e s e n t a ll o th e r n o n r e s p o n d e n ts in the sa m e in d u s t r y r e g io n a l-s iz e c la s s e s .
C r it e r ia

f o r P u b lic a t io n o f E s t im a t e

S in ce the data w e r e c o l l e c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s is , the r e s u lt s m a y d iffe r
f r o m the fin d in g s that w o u ld h ave b e e n o b ta in e d f r o m a c o m p le t e c e n s u s .
As a
r u le , the p u b lis h e d e s t im a t e s a r e b a s e d on a s a m p le o f at le a s t 50 e s ta b lis h m e n ts
to m in im iz e the p o s s i b i li t y o f e x c e s s i v e s a m p lin g e r r o r .
W h e re c e r t a in i m p o r ­
tant s e g m e n ts o f the in d u s tr y w e r e not a d e q u a te ly r e p r e s e n t e d in the s a m p le ,
e s t im a t e s w e r e not sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly , e v e n th ou gh the s a m p le a p p e a r e d to be
n u m e r ic a lly la r g e en ou gh .




30

D e fin itio n o f T e r m s
E s t a b lis h m e n t . — D ata w e r e r e p o r t e d fo r in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s r a th e r
than c o m p a n ie s .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is g e n e r a lly d e fin e d a s a s in g le p h y s ic a l l o c a ­
tio n w h e r e b u s in e s s is c o n d u c t e d .
W h e re tw o o r m o r e a c t i v i t ie s w e r e c a r r i e d on
at a s in g le e s t a b lis h m e n t , the e n tir e e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c l a s s i f i e d on the b a s is o f
its m a jo r a c t iv it y in t e r m s o f s a l e s .
A ll data f o r su ch an e s t a b lis h m e n t w e r e
in c lu d e d in that c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

D ata fo r a u x ilia r y u n its , su ch a s a w a r e h o u s e o p e r a t e d p r i m a r il y f o r the
u s e o f a w h o le s a lin g e s t a b li s h m e n t w e r e in c lu d e d in th e r e p o r t .
N o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p l o y e e s . — In c lu d e d in the s u r v e y w e r e a ll e m p l o y e e s ,
f u l l - t i m e and p a r t -t im e (in c lu d in g w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ) w h o w o r k e d o r r e c e iv e d
pay f o r a n y p a rt o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d r e p o r t e d , e x c e p t e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l ,
and o th e r p e r s o n n e l w h o s e w o r k is a b o v e the w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r y l e v e l , and
o u ts id e s a le s m e n .

O f fic e a n d in s id e s a le s e m p l o y e e s ----- In c lu d e d in th is g r o u p a r e a ll n o n ­
s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s e n g a g e d in c l e r i c a l and r e la t e d o f f i c e fu n c t io n s , s u ch a s
b il li n g , f ilin g , b o o k k e e p in g , s te n o g r a p h y , ty p in g , e t c . , and e m p lo y e e s e n g a g e d in
s e llin g c o m m o d i t i e s to c u s t o m e r s c a llin g in p e r s o n o r b y te le p h o n e .
O th er n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p l o y e e s . — In c lu d e d in th is g r o u p a r e a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s (o th e r than o f f i c e and in s id e s a le s ) e n g a g e d in s u c h fu n c ­
tio n s a s a s s e m b li n g , d e l i v e r y , s h ip p in g , r e c e i v i n g , o r d e r f il li n g , p a c k in g , t r u c k ­
in g , m a in te n a n c e , e t c .
E a r n in g s d a ta . — F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is stu d y , e a r n in g s data r e l a t e to
s t r a ig h t -t im e e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e w o r k , and f o r w o r k
on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
C o s t - o f - l i v i n g and p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d p a rt o f e a r n in g s , but n o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e n o t.

In d iv id u a l a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e m p lo y e e s n ot p a id b y the h ou r
w e r e o b ta in e d b y d iv id in g to ta l s t r a ig h t -t im e e a r n in g s r e p o r t e d b y th e n u m b e r o f
h o u r s p a id fo r in the c o r r e s p o n d in g p e r io d .
G ro u p a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s p u b lis h e d in th is r e p o r t w e r e o b ta in e d by
d iv id in g the su m o f the h o u r ly e a r n in g s b y the n u m b e r o f in d iv id u a ls r e p r e s e n t e d
in the g r o u p to ta l.
R e g io n s .— The
ta b le

r e g io n s

u sed

in

th is

stu d y

a r e d e fin e d in fo o tn o te 3 to

1.

M e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . — T h e t e r m " m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a " u s e d in th is r e p o r t
r e f e r s to the S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lita n A r e a s e s t a b lis h e d u n der th e s p o n s o r s h ip o f
the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t.
T h e r e w e r e , a s o f the p e r io d c o v e r e d , 168 su ch
a r e a s in the c o u n tr y m e e tin g c e r t a in c r i t e r i a a s to p o p u la tio n , d e g r e e o f u r b a n i­
z a t io n , c o n tig u ity , and p o p u la tio n d e n s ity .
T h e s e a r e a s in c lu d e a ll m a jo r c i t i e s
and th e ir c o n tig u o u s s u b u rb a n a r e a s .
T h e y in c lu d e a ll a r e a s co n ta in in g at le a s t
on e c e n t r a l c it y o f 5 0 ,0 0 0 o r m o r e , and in c lu d e c e r t a in a r e a s a ro u n d s u c h c i t i e s
i f th ey m e e t e s t a b lis h e d c r i t e r i a o f b e in g m e t r o p o lit a n in c h a r a c t e r and e c o n o m i ­
c a l ly in t e g r a t e d w ith the c e n t r a l c i t y .




31

Appendix B:

Questionnaire
Budget Bureau No. 44*R1100.
Approval expires June 30, 1959.

BLS 2609

U. S . D E P A R TM E N T O F LA B O R
B U R E A U O F LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
W a s h in o t o n -2 5 ,

Your report will be
held in confidence

D. C.

DISTRIBUTION OF STRAIGHT-TIME DOURLY EARNINGS IN WHOLESALE TRADE
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION!

This report should cover wholesale outlets, w arehouses,
and central offices in the location included in your
report to the State unemployment compensation agency.
I.

NUMBEK AND LOCATION OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS COVERED BY REPORT:
(List communities and number of wholesale establishments in each,)

n.

TYPE OF WHOLESALE OPERATION:
1. Merchant wholesaler
4. Sales branch or sa le s
office of manufacturing
or mining company

1 = ]

□

(Chech one o f the following.)
Agent or broker

CD

3. Assembler of farm products

Independently incorporated
sa le s subsidiary of manup—
facturing or mining company 1
__

<

Petroleum bulk station

□

HD

(If blocks 1, 2, or 3 have been checked, complete the remainder of the form. If blocks 4, 5, or 6 have been checked,
sign at Item VB and return the form without further information.)
HI.

IV.

WHOLESALE LINE: (Such as apparel, chemicals, cotton, dairy products, dry goods, drugs, fresh fruit, grain, hard­
ware, leaf tobacco, livestock, machinery, poultry, textile waste, etc.)

PAYROLL PERIOD:
The data reported should be for the payroll period ending nearest _______ June 15, 1958
Payroll period covered: From __________________ 1958 to _____________________ 1958.

V.

EMPLOYMENT IN WHOLESALE OUTLETS, WAREHOUSES, AND CENTRAL OFFICES COVERED BY REPORT:
(a) Total
Enter total number of employees, full-time and part-time who received pay for any part o f the payroll period
covered. Exclude proprietors, members of unincorporated firms, pensioners, members o f the Armed Forces
carried on the payroll and unpaid family workers.
(b)

Nonsupervisory employees (except outside salesmen) and working supervisors----- — —— -----

[

|

Enter total number of nonsupervisory employees, full-time and part-time (including working supervisors) who
worked or received pay for any part of the payroll period reported. Include persons on sick leave paid directly
by your company, on paid holidays, on paid vacations, or on other paid leave. Exclude executive, professional,
ana other personnel whose work is above the working supervisory level, and outside salesmen.
VI.

TOTAL EMPLOYMENT IN ALL ESTABLISHMENTS OPERATED BY THE COMPANY:
Check the group below approximating the total number of employees in the firm.
(Employment covered by this report plus employment in all other establishments o f the company.)
Under 20 employees

[= □

20 to 99 employees

VB. Do you want a copy of the Bureau’s report on this survey?




□
Yes

100 or more employees

□

No

I

1

Name and title of person furnishing data _________________________________________________________
FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
Schedule
number

Area

Reg.

State

City
size

SIC
code

E st.
size

Weight

Special
charac.

32

INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENTERING DATA IN ITEM VIII

T h is study is d esign ed to provide inform ation on the number o f n onsup ervisory em p lo y e e s
(excep t outside salesm en ) and working su p ervisors * r e ce iv in g various earnings. T he total number o f
em ployees for w hich data are reported should corresp ond with the number entered in Item V (b) on
page 1. Separate s e c t io n s are provided for reporting earnings data for two groups o f e m p lo y e e s :

Office and inside sales employees —

T h is group in clu d es em­
p lo y e e s engaged in c le r ic a l and related o f fic e fu n ctio n s, such
as b illin g , filin g , bookk eepin g, stenography, typing, e t c ., and
em p loyees engaged in s e llin g com m od ities to custom ers ca llin g
in person or by telep hone.

Other nonsupervisory employees— T h is group in clu d e s a ll non­
su pervisory em p lo ye e s (other than o f fic e and in sid e s a le s ) en­
gaged in such fu n ction s a s a ssem blin g , d e liv e ry , shipping, re­
c e iv in g , order fillin g , packing, trucking, m aintenance, e tc .

* Working su p ervisors are em p lo y e e s who spend 20 percent or more o f their time at task s sim ilar
to those o f em p loyees under their su p ervision .
Instructions for entering data are lis te d b e lo w ; Data for any em ployee should be entered in one
s e c tio n only.
Separate earnings inform ation w ill be show n in the survey report by c it y popu lation s i z e s . If
this report co v e rs establish m en ts in tw o or more com m unities ( c i t i e s , to w n s, v illa g e s , e t c .,
as entered
in Item I), earnings inform ation should be reported sep arately for e a ch community and the community
id e n tifie d . Data for tw o or more e sta blish m en ts in the sam e community may be grouped or presented
sep arately, as preferred, under the community de sign a tio n .

NOTE: EXCLUDE PREMIUM PAY FOR OVERTIME AND FOR WORK ON WEEKENDS,
HOLIDAYS, AND LATE SHIFTS FROM ALL WAGE DATA REPORTED.
Method of Wage
Payment

Column Entries

Hourly
rate

U se colum ns 1 and 2. Enter ea ch straight-tim e hourly rate in the e s ta b lis h ­
ment in colum n 2, and the number of em p loyees at e a c h rate in colum n 1.

Salaryrate

Use colum ns 1, 3, and 4. Enter each straight-tim e salary rate in the e sta b ­
lishm ent in column 4, the number o f hours in colum n 3 for w hich straight-tim e
salary rate is paid, and the number of e m ployees in colum n 1 for ea ch salary
rate and hours entry.

Hourly or salary rate
plus commission,
bonus, or incentive

Use colum ns 1, 3, and 4. Enter total straight-tim e earnings for the payroll
period in colum n 4, the number o f hours worked during the payroll p eriod , and
the number of e m ployees in colum n 1 for e a ch earnings and hours entry. If the
com m ission , bonus, or in ce n tive earnings co v e r a period longer than the pay­
roll period reported, add on ly the prorated amount o f the latter earnings to c o r ­
respond w ith the hours reported in colum n 3*

Straight commission,
bonus, or
incentive

U se colum ns 1, 3, and 4. Enter total straight-tim e in cen tive earnings in c o l ­
umn 4, the number of hours w orked corresp onding to the com m ission or in cen ­
tiv e period in colum n 3* and the number o f workers in colum n 1 for each
earnings and hours entry. If average hourly earnings
e xclu d in g overtim e and
s h ift premium pay are readily a v a ila b le , enter such a vera ges for e a c h in cen tive
worker in column 2 and lea ve colum ns 3 and 4 blank.

If all data (rates or hours and earnings) are id e n tica l for 2 or more w orkers, a s in g le entry may be
made and the number o f workers entered in colum n 1.




33

v m . WAGE RATES

OF NONSUPERVISORY WORKERS:

IF THIS REPORT COVERS ESTABLISHMENTS IN TWO OR MOKE COMMUNITIES, DATA FOR EACH COMMUNITY
SHOULD BE REPORTED SEPARATELY AND THE COMMUNITY IDENTIFIED.
PAYROLL REPORT FOR OFFICE
AND INSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES

PAYROLL REPORT FOR OTHER
NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

(Use this section to report data for all nonsupervisory
office and inside sales personnel.)

(Use this section to report data for all other nonsuper­
visory employees not included in the opposite section.)

N u m b er
of
w ork ers

(1 )

H ou rly

S a la ry ra te or
i n c e n t iv e e a r n in g s
H ou rs
fo r '" ^

(2 )

N u m ber
of
w o rk e r s

H o u rly
ra te

H ou rs

E a rn in g s

E a r n in g s

(4 )

(1)

(2 )

3

(3 )

S a la ry ra te or
in c e u t iv e e a r n in g s

$ 1 ,5 0 0

(3 )

(4 )

E x a m p le s :




2

$ 1 ,2 7 5

1

8 0 .0

$ 1 4 8 .7 5

3

3 7 .5

$ 4 8 .0 0

2

4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0

1

3 7 .5

5 2 .5 0

* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1959 0 — 514197