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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
2200 N. PEARL ST.
DALLAS, TX 75201-2272

March 17, 2006
Notice 06-19

TO: The Chief Executive Officer of each
financial institution and others concerned
in the Eleventh Federal Reserve District

SUBJECT
Imposition of Special Measures Against
Commercial Bank of Syria
DETAILS
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is advising banking organizations
under its supervision of new obligations relating to Commercial Bank of Syria imposed by the U.S.
Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). On March 15,
2006, FinCEN issued a final rule that imposes special measures under Section 311 of the USA
PATRIOT Act (31 U.S.C. 5318A) against Commercial Bank of Syria. These special measures apply
to Commercial Bank of Syria and any of its branches, offices and subsidiaries in Syria or in any
other jurisdiction.
This final rule becomes effective April 14, 2006.
ATTACHMENT
A copy of the Board’s SR letter 06-6 dated March 15, 2006, is attached.
MORE INFORMATION
For more information, please contact Gary Krumm, Banking Supervision Department, (214)
922-6218. Previous Federal Reserve Bank notices are available on our web site at
www.dallasfed.org/banking/notices/index.html or by contacting the Public Affairs Department at
(214) 922-5254.

For additional copies, bankers and others are encouraged to use one of the following toll-free numbers in contacting the Federal
Reserve Bank of Dallas: Dallas Office (800) 333-4460; El Paso Branch Intrastate (800) 592-1631, Interstate (800) 351-1012;
Houston Branch Intrastate (800) 392-4162, Interstate (800) 221-0363; San Antonio Branch Intrastate (800) 292-5810.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS
OF THE

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20551

DIVISION OF BANKING
SUPERVISION AND
REGULATION

SR 06-6
March 15, 2006
TO THE OFFICER IN CHARGE OF SUPERVISION AND APPROPRIATE
SUPERVISORY AND EXAMINATION STAFF AT EACH
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK, AND TO BANKING
ORGANIZATIONS SUPERVISED BY THE FEDERAL RESERVE
SUBJECT: Imposition of Special Measures against Commercial Bank of Syria
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is issuing this SR letter to
advise banking organizations under its supervision of new obligations relating to Commercial Bank
of Syria imposed by the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement
Network (FinCEN). On March 15, 2006, FinCEN issued a final rule that imposes special measures
under section 311 of the USA PATRIOT Act (31 U.S.C. 5318A) against Commercial Bank of Syria.1
These special measures apply to Commercial Bank of Syria and any of its branches, offices and
subsidiaries in Syria or in any other jurisdiction. One such subsidiary, Syrian Lebanese Commercial
Bank, is specifically identified in the rule. This final rule is effective as of April 14, 2006; it can be
found at http://www.fincen.gov/reg_section311.html.
The final rule prohibits all covered financial institutions2 from opening or maintaining a
correspondent account in the United States for, or on behalf of, Commercial Bank of Syria and its
branches, offices, and subsidiaries. Covered financial institutions are also required to apply special
due diligence to their correspondent accounts for foreign banks that is reasonably designed to
guard against the indirect use of the account by Commercial Bank of Syria.
At a minimum, special due diligence under the final rule must include two elements:
First, a covered financial institution must notify its correspondent account
holders that the account may not be used to provide Commercial Bank
of Syria with access to the covered financial institution. A sample notice is
provided in the preamble to the final rule. The final rule requires a covered
financial institution to document its compliance with this notice requirement.
Second, a covered financial institution must take reasonable steps to identify
any indirect use of its correspondent accounts by Commercial Bank of Syria,
to the extent that such indirect use can be determined from transactional
records maintained in its normal course of business. For example, a covered
financial institution is expected to apply an appropriate screening mechanism
to be able to identify a funds transfer order that, on its face, lists Commercial
Bank of Syria as the originator's or beneficiary's financial institution, or
otherwise references it in a manner detectable under the financial institution's
screening procedures.

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The final rule states that a covered financial institution should take a risk-based
approach (based on factors such as the type of services it offers and the geographic locations of
its correspondent account holders) when deciding what, if any, additional due diligence measures it
adopts to guard against the indirect use of its correspondent accounts by Commercial Bank
of Syria. Pursuant to the final rule, a covered financial institution that obtains knowledge that its
correspondent account is being used by a foreign bank to provide indirect access to Commercial
Bank of Syria is expected to take all appropriate steps to prevent such indirect access, including,
when necessary, terminating the correspondent account.
The final rule does not require a Suspicious Activity Report to be filed based solely on
the fact that a transaction involves Commercial Bank of Syria. However, a banking organization
should determine whether the transaction would otherwise be reportable under suspicious activity
reporting rules.3
Reserve Banks are asked to distribute this SR letter to the domestic and foreign
banking organizations supervised by the Federal Reserve as well as to supervisory and
examination staff. For questions regarding these special measures, please contact Bridget M. Neill,
Assistant Director, (202) 452-5235 or Suzanne Williams, Manager, (202) 452-3513.
Richard Spillenkothen
Director

Notes:
1. For background information on section 311, refer to the "Special Measures" section of the
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money
Laundering Examination Manual, available at
http://www.ffiec.gov/bsa_aml_infobase/.
2. The final rule is codified at 31 CFR § 103.188. Under the rule, covered financial institutions
comprise a wide variety of entities, including certain banking organizations supervised by
the Federal Reserve such as state member banks, Edge and agreement corporations,
and state-licensed U.S. agencies or branches of foreign banks.
3. See e.g. 31 CFR § 103.18, 12 CFR § 208.62, 12 CFR § 211.5(k), and 12 CFR
§ 211.24(f).

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102