View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

C O L L E C T IV E B A R G A IN IN G C L A U S E S :
Layoff, Recall, and W o rk -S h a rin g P ro ce d u re




.m

w

w

Bulletin No. 1189
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, C o m m ission er




Collective Bargaining Clauses:
Layoff, Recall, and Work-Sharing Procedures

Bulletin No. 1189
F e b r u a r y 1956

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
B R A O L B R S A IS IC
UE U F A O T T T S
E a C e, C m
wn lagu om issioner

F sale by th S p ten en of D ents, U . G
or
e u erin d t
ocum
.S overnm P tin O
ent rin g ffice, W ington 2 , D . - P 40 cents
ash
5 .C rice







Preface
E a r l y in 1954, the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r * s B u r e a u of
L a b o r Statistics u n d e r t o o k a c o m p r e h e n s i v e study of l a b o r - m a n a g e ­
m e n t a g r e e m e n t provisions dealing with layoff, recall, a n d w o r k ­
sharing p r o c e d u r e s .
T h e study w a s de si gn ed to pr ovide insight into
the m e t h o d s d e v e l o p e d b y e m p l o y e r s a n d unions to handle p r o b l e m s
w h i c h arise w h e n a reduction in force is required. F o r e x a m p l e , is
a d j u s t m e n t of the w o r k force during slow pe riods a c c o m p l i s h e d by
layoff, w o r k - s h a r i n g , or a c o m b i n a t i o n of w o r k i n g r e d u c e d h o u r s in
conjunction with layoff? W h a t is the relative i m p o r t a n c e a s s i g n e d to
length of service a n d ability in d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h w o r k e r s a r e to be
retained or laid off? W h a t p r o c e d u r e s h a v e b e e n established to allow
senior e m p l o y e e s to displace short-service w o r k e r s ?
W h a t a r e the
rehiring rights of a laid-off e m p l o y e e ?
T h i s bulletin p r e s en ts illustrations of a variety of layoff,
w o r k - s h a r i n g a n d r e e m p l o y m e n t clauses found in recent union a g r e e ­
m e n t s . 1 T h e s e clauses a r e p r e s e n t e d as a s o ur ce of reference only,
a n d should not be c o n s i d e r e d as ideal, m o d e l , or typical. E a c h r e p ­
resents the e n d result of negotiations b y a specific unio n a n d e m p l o y e r
within the f r a m e w o r k of a particular bargaining situation a n d written
a g r e e m e n t . E a c h of the a g r e e m e n t s , selected f r o m the B u r e a u * s file
of un io n contracts, w a s in effect during the latter half of 1954 a n d
c o v e r e d at least 1, 000 w o r k e r s . In su bs eq ue nt studies, the fr e q u e n c y
a n d interrelation of various types of provisions a n d prevailing industry
practices will b e analyzed.
S o m e of the clauses r e p r o d u c e d in this report w e r e subjected
to m i n o r editorial c h a n g e to e n h a n c e clarity; irrelevant parts w e r e
om it te d w h e r e feasible. All of the clauses, it m u s t be r e m e m b e r e d ,
w e r e pulled out of the context of the entire collective bargaining a g r e e ­
ment.
T h e clauses ar e n u m b e r e d a n d a g r e e m e n t s f r o m w h i c h they
h a v e b e e n e x c e r p t e d a r e identified b y e m p l o y e r a n d un io n in the index,
p a g e 43.
A gl os sa ry of t e r m s u s e d in this report in discussing layoff,
recall to w o r k a n d w o r k - s h a r i n g is p r e s e n t e d in the appendix.

1 A n earlier compilation of illustrative clauses w a s published
in Collective B a r g a i n i n g P r ov is io ns— P r o m o t i o n , T r a n s f e r a n d A s ­
signment; Lay-Off, W o r k - S h a r i n g a n d R e e m p l o y m e n t , B L S Bull. 908-7,
M a y 1948.



iii




Contents
Page
Preface ___________________________________________________________
Introduction ______________________________________________________

iii
1

Chapter 1. - Forestalling or mini m i z i n g layoffs:
Forestalling or m i n i m i z i n g layoffs - clauses 1 to 28 _______

3

Chapter 2. - T h e layoff procedure:
U n i on participation in layoffs - clauses 29 to 3 5 ____________
W o r k i n g reduced hours: A c o m p o n e n t of the layoff
p r o cedure - clauses 36 to 61 ______________________________
A d v a n c e notice of layoff - clauses 62 to 8 6 __________________
Seniority: A factor determining the order of layoffs clauses 87 to 1 2 5 ___________________________________________
S h o r t - t e r m or t e m p o r a r y layoffs defined clauses 126 to 137 _________________________________________
B u m p i n g - clauses 138 to 1 5 5 _______________________________

22
24

Chapter 3. - Recall to work:
O r d e r of recall - clauses 156 to 159B ______________________
Retention of seniority - clauses 160 to 1 7 2 __________________
Preference in rehiring - clauses 173 to 177 ________________

29
30
32

Chap t e r 4. - Work-sharing:
W o r k - s h a r i n g - clauses 178 to 189 __________________________

35

Chapter 5. - C o m p e n s a t i o n to laid-off employees:
Se v erance allowances - clauses 1 90A to 1 9 4 ________________
S u p p l e m e n t a r y u n e m p l o y m e n t c o m p e n s a t i o n ________________

37
40

Appendix:

41

Glossary of t e r m s ____________________________________

Index o f c la u s e s




7
8
13
15

43




Collective Bargaining Clauses: Layoff, Recall, and W ork-Sharing Procedures
Introduction

T h e m a i n t e n a n c e of individual job security u n d e r the t e r m s of collective bargaining
a g r e e m e n t s includes the establishment of equitable p r o c e d u r e s to be followed should e m p l o y ­
m e n t opportunities decline. T h e possibility of seasonal sl u m p s , sporadic peri od s of r e d u c e d
output, or a generalized bu siness re c e s s i o n is not ov e r l o o k e d b y either union or m a n a g e m e n t
in contract negotiation, e v e n at the height of prosperity.
In addition to these ev e r - p r e s e n t
p r o b l e m s or fears, s o m e unions h a v e in recent y e a r s sought safeguards against the e m p l o y ­
m e n t effects of industrial m e r g e r s, consolidations, plant relocations, a n d technological changes.
W h e n e m p l o y m e n t opportunities within a n es tablishment decline, the p r o b l e m of a d ­
justing the w o r k force arises.
S o m e action either to forestall or m i n i m i z e the i m p a c t of
a n i m m e d i a t e layoff m a y be required b y the t e r m s of the l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
Th i s action m a y take the f o r m of restrictions or prohibitions o n o v e r t i m e w o r k or extra
shifts.
T h e contract m a y b a n the hiring of n e w w o r k e r s , require the di s m i s s a l of certain
categories of w o r k e r s s u c h as t e m p o r a r y or pr obationary e m p l o y e e s , or specify a c h a n g e
in contracting-out practices.
If s u ch m e a s u r e s p r o v e inadequate, the e m p l o y e r m u s t consider m o r e drastic steps.
T h e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t m a y spell out a specific c o u r s e of action or it m a y offer
a choice of alternatives. S o m e d e g r e e of union participation m a y be required b y the a g r e e ­
m e n t o n a n y or all aspects of the p r o b l e m . T w o principal types of a d j u s t m e n t a r e possible:
(l) T o distribute the available w o r k evenly a m o n g the w o r k e r s (w ork-sharing) or (2) to lay
off w o r k e r s .
T h e layoff p r o c e d u r e m a y e n c o m p a s s a r r a n g e m e n t s w h i c h provide for a r e ­
duction in the a v e r a g e w o r k i n g h o u r s prior to layoff, a n d m a y also allow the e m p l o y e e being
laid off to displace or " b u m p " a junior e m p l o y e e .
T h e o r d e r of layoff a n d recall to w o r k
w h e n business activity in cr ea se s is usually d e t e r m i n e d b y provisions of the a g r e e m e n t .
A r r a n g e m e n t s d e si gn ed to stabilize w o r k e r s * i n c o m e or less en the effect of u n e m p l o y ­
m e n t m a y also be in co rporated in the a g r e e m e n t . F o r e x a m p l e , s e v e r a n c e p a y a s s u r e s the
e m p l o y e e laid off th ro ug h n o fault of his o w n a specified p a y m e n t w h i c h softens the i m p a c t
of a n i m m e d i a t e loss of earnings. S u p p l e m e n t a l u n e m p l o y m e n t benefit plans, w h i c h re ce iv ed
w i d e attention in 1955, ar e d e s i g n e d to provide laid-off w o r k e r s with a fixed proportion of
their regular i n c o m e for varying periods.

* T h is report w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u * s Division of W a g e s a n d Industrial Relations
b y M o r t o n L e v i n e a n d T h e o d o r e Allison.




1




3

CHAPTER

1.

- F O R E S T A L L IN G O R M I N I M IZ I N G

LAYOFFS

Positive action to forestall or m i n i m i z e the effect of layoffs m a y be called for by
collective bargaining a g r e e m e n t s . S u c h m e a s u r e s , de si g n e d to m a x i m i z e the a m o u n t of w o r k
available to regular, l o n g - t e r m e m p l o y e e s , include the elimination or restriction of shifts
or o v e r t i m e w o r k a n d c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t or subcontracting practices. O v e r t i m e or shift
w o r k m a y be prohibited entirely, or p e r m i t t e d only u n d e r special c i r c u m s t a n c e s defined in
the contract.
T h e hiring of n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y be b a n n e d or restricted to filling highly
specialized or technical jobs requiring training or ex pe ri en ce not p o s s e s s e d b y available
c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s . P r o b a t i o n a r y e m p l o y e e s , t e m p o r a r y or seasonal w o r k e r s , or e m p l o y e e s
with less than a specified period of service, m a y be d i s m i s s e d before regular e m p l o y e e s
a r e laid off.
Specific limitations o n ov ertime, shift operations, a n d subcontracting a r e also found
in a g r e e m e n t s without re ference to a p e nd in g or actual layoff situation. T h e s e general p r o ­
visions, w h i c h apply during periods of full e m p l o y m e n t as well as slack pe ri od s unless m o d i ­
fied b y a n in formal a g r e e m e n t or unde rs ta nd in g b e t w e e n the parties, ar e also directed t o w a r d
m a x i m i z i n g the available w o r k opportunities for regular e m p l o y e e s .

1.

O v e r t i m e eliminated during layoffs
O v e r t i m e w o r k will be distributed ac co rd in g to the seniority rules existing in the
shop a n d will be entirely voluntary o n the part of the e m p l o y e e s .
N o overtime w o r k
shall be u s e d in a n y d e p a r t m e n t in w h i c h a n y e m p l o y e e is laid off . . .

2.

O v e r t i m e eliminated during slack pe ri od s except in c a s e s of e m e r g e n c y
E x c e p t in e m e r g e n c y c a s e s not to e x c e e d 2 w e e k s , no o v e r t i m e within a d e p a r t m e n t a l
job classification shall be w o r k e d while e m p l o y e e s having seniority in that d e p a r t m e n t a l
job classification a r e laid off.

3.

Shift w o r k eliminated during slack periods
W h e n layoffs b e c o m e
apply:
(1)
(2)

4.

n e c e s s a r y du e to lack of w o r k ,

the following p r o c e d u r e

shall

Layoff of all probat io na ry e m p l o y e e s
R e d u c t i o n to on e n o r m a l shift b y layoffs a c c o r d i n g to seniority . . .

O v e r t i m e eliminated, then shift w o r k eliminated
p e r m i t t e d to ba la nc e operations

during slack

periods; o v e r t i m e

work

W h e n operations ar e to be reduced, the c o m p a n y will, before m a k i n g layoffs, r e d u c e
w e e k l y h o u r s to 4 0 except in d e p a r t m e n t s in w h i c h a longer schedule is required to
balance operations.
W h e n h o u r s h a v e b e e n so reduced, further reduction in operation
will be m a d e , first b y elimination of extra shifts in a c c o r d a n c e with the seniority p r o ­
visions of this article to r e d u c e force to that required for 4 0 - h o u r single shift operation
except in d e p a r t m e n t s in w h i c h a longer schedule is re qu ir ed to balance operations,
a n d s e c o n d b y further layoffs in a c c o r d a n c e with the seniority provisions of this article.
5.

Hiring n e w w o r k e r s prohibited while regular e m p l o y e e s are laid off or w o r k i n g r e d u c e d
hours
N e w help shall not be hired o n the first or s e c o n d shift in a n y d e p a r t m e n t unless:
(1)
(2)

6.

All laid-off e m p l o y e e s ar e recalled
W o r k e r s a r e receiving 4 0 h o u r s p e r w e e k

Subcontracting restricted during slack periods; p e r m i t t e d u n d e r special conditions

N o w o r k shall b e c a u s e d to be p e r f o r m e d b y a m e m b e r of the association outside
of his o w n shop so long as w o r k e r s of his inside shop are not fully supplied with w o r k ,
unless the w o r k is of a different nature or clai s than p e r f o r m e d in his o w n shop.



4

7.

Subcontracting prohibited if it results in a layoff
T h e c o m p a n y a g r e e s that it will not contract an y w o r k w h i c h is ordinarily a n d c u s ­
to ma ri ly d o n e by its regular e m p l o y e e s if, as a result thereof, it w o u l d b e c o m e n e c e s s a r y
to lay off or re d u c e the rate of p a y of a n y s u ch e m p l o y e e s .

8.

In reduction in force,

p r ob at io na ry e m p l o y e e s laid off first

In case of reduction in the
first . . .
9.

w o r k force,

probat io na ry

employees

shall be laid off

In reduction in force, e m p l o y e e s with less than specified seniority laid off first
W h e n it b e c o m e s ne ce ss ar y, within a de p a r t m e n t , to lay e m p l o y e e s off, the e m ­
ployees in that d e p a r t m e n t with less than 6 m o n t h s 1 seniority will be the first to be laid
off. . . .

10. W o r k w e e k of m o r e

than 5 da y s or nights prohibited

Dining r o o m e m p l o y e e s shall not be allo we d to w o r k m o r e than 5 d a y s or nights in
1 w e e k , a n d 9 consecutive h o u r s shall constitute a d a y 1s w o r k or nightfs w o r k ; except
that f e m a l e e m p l o y e e s shall w o r k only 8 consecutive h o u r s p e r day.
11.

O v e r t i m e a n d shift w o r k prohibited
A w e e k * s w o r k shall consist of 35 h o u r s in the first 5 d a y s of the w e e k .
begin at 8; 30 a . m . a n d e n d at 4:30 p . m . , with 1 h o u r interval for lunch.
There
No

12.

shall be n o m o r e

overtime w o r k

than one

shift of w o r k e r s in a n y day.

Work

shall

. . .

shall be permitted.

O v e r t i m e prohibited except in c a s e s of e m e r g e n c y
It is h e r e b y a g r e e d that all labor in connection with or incidental to w o r k c o v e r e d
b y this a g r e e m e n t shall be p e r f o r m e d within the regular w o r k i n g h o u r s specified in . . .
this a g r e e m e n t a n d that no o v e r t i m e shall be p e r m i t t e d or required outside of said
regular w o r k i n g h o u r s or on holidays specified in this a g r e e m e n t except in c a s e s of
e m e r g e n c y w h e n , by m u t u a l consent of both parties hereto, su c h e m e r g e n c y o v e r t i m e
m a y be p e r m i t t e d a n d in all c a s e s w h e r e such e m e r g e n c y w o r k is p e r m i t t e d or re qu ir ed
outside of the regular w o r k i n g h o u r s specified . . . or o n holidays specified . . . double
t i m e shall be paid.

13.

O v e r t i m e limited to 5 h o u r s pe r w e e k during specified periods
O v e r t i m e is limited to 5 h o u r s p e r w e e k during 3 m o n t h s of e a c h of the 2 s e a s o n s
of the year, a n d the w o r k e r s shall be paid for o v e r t i m e at the rate of t i m e a n d one-half.
T h e t e r m " o v e r t i m e " shall apply to all t i m e w o r k e d outside of the regularly established
h o u r s of w o r k .

14.

U n i o n p e r m i t required for overtime,

shift, S a t u rd ay or S u n d a y w o r k

. . . N o w o r k shall be p e r f o r m e d o n . . . a n y S a tu rd ay or Sunday, or a n y o v e r ­
t i m e or an y shift wo r k , without a p e r m i t f r o m the District Council Office or f r o m the
bu si ne ss representative of the union.
15.

U n i o n p e r m i s s i o n required to schedule S a tu rd ay o v e r t i m e w o r k
No

overtime

shall be p e r f o r m e d on Sa t u r d a y s except with the consent of the union.

16. S u n d a y w o r k prohibited
N o e m p l o y e e shall be required or p e r m i t t e d
such as herein specified . . .

to w o r k a n y S u n d a y or legal holiday,

17. Shift w o r k prohibited
The
1 day.

employer




shall not operate or be p e r m i t t e d to operate m o r e

than 1 shift in a n y

5

18. U n i o n p e r m i s s i o n re qu ir ed to schedule

shift w o r k

Shift w o r k m a y be established b y the e m p l o y e r o n the following basis: T h e e m p l o y e r
shall request a n d be granted p e r m i s s i o n b y the un io n before establishing shift w o r k .
19. Subcontracting of w o r k prohibited
No
20.

outside or inside contracting in a n y shape, m a n n e r ,

or f o r m shall be permitted.

Subcontracting m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k prohibited
T h e e m p l o y e r a g r e e s not to contract out w o r k that is ordinarily d o n e by the m a i n ­
tenance m e n .
A t all t i m e s the m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k shall be p e r f o r m e d u n d e r the t e r m s
of this a g r e e m e n t .

21.

Subcontracting to sh op s not u n d e r the u n i o n s jurisdiction prohibited unless w o r k e r s ar e
offered a w e e k l y m i n i m u m of 4 h o u r s 1 o v e r t i m e w o r k
F u r t h e r m o r e , n o m e m b e r of the association shall h a v e w o r k p e r f o r m e d outside of
shops u n d e r /The union*^7 jurisdiction unless the w o r k e r s of his inside shop ar e given
at least 4 h o u r s of o v e r t i m e w o r k during the w e e k .
T h e e m p l o y e r is relieved of this
obligation if o v e r t i m e is offered to the w o r k e r s a n d the w o r k e r s refuse to w o r k .

22.

Subcontracting of w o r k p e r m i t t e d only to e m p l o y e r s c o v e r e d b y the a g r e e m e n t
A n y w o r k sublet b y a n y e m p l o y e r , signatory to this a g r e e m e n t , w h i c h w o r k is c o v ­
er e d b y this a g r e e m e n t , shall sublet only to e m p l o y e r s w h o a r e signed to this a g r e e m e n t .

23.

Subcontracting p e r m i t t e d if w o r k cannot be do n e b y c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s u n d e r
conditions

specified

T h e c o m p a n y will contract w o r k out only to the extent that su ch w o r k cannot be
p e r f o r m e d b y existing c o m p a n y forces w o r k i n g n o r m a l h o u r s a n d o n existing classifica­
tions within the scop e of this a g r e e m e n t within the t i m e r e qu ir ed by the c o m p a n y for the
c o m p l e t i o n of the w o r k involved.
24.

C o m p a n y m a k e s re as on ab le effort to u s e available
subcontracting its n o r m a l w o r k

w o r k force a n d e q u i p m e n t

to avoid

It is the intention of the c o m p a n y to provide full a n d regular e m p l o y m e n t for its
e m p l o y e e s at all times. In a c c o r d a n c e with that intention, the c o m p a n y will m a k e e v e r y
re asonable effort to u s e its available w o r k i n g force a n d e q u i p m e n t in or d e r to avoid
having its n o r m a l w o r k p e r f o r m e d outside.
25.

Joint a g r e e m e n t requ ir ed to contract out w o r k
Contracting out w o r k regularly p e r f o r m e d or that could re as on ab ly be d o n e b y
e m p l o y e e s shall not be p e r m i t t e d unless it h a s b e e n a g r e e d to b y the union a n d
company.

26.

our
the

Joint discussion o n the subcontracting of w o r k d o n e b y pr es en t qualified e m p l o y e e s
T h e c o m p a n y a n d the union a g r e e that they will in g o o d faith discuss a n y pr o p o s a l
for contracting or sending out w o r k of classes that h a s b e e n d o n e b y its pr es en t e m ­
ployees w h e r e they are qualified to p e r f o r m su ch w o r k .

27.

Subcontracting p e r m i t t e d if w o r k h a s f o r m e r l y b e e n d o n e b y other c o n c e r n s
All w o r k shall be p e r f o r m e d , f r o m beginning until co mp le te d, exclusively b y m e m ­
b e r s of the union on the p r e m i s e s of the e m p l o y e r , except s u ch w o r k a s w a s heretofore
p e r f o r m e d for the e m p l o y e r by other concerns. . . . N o contracting shall be p e r m i t t e d
with respect to a n y w o r k required b y the e m p l o y e r in connection with his business,
except as h e r e i n a b o v e p r o v i d e d . . .

28.

Company^

right to contract out w o r k not limited b y the a g r e e m e n t

Nothing in this a g r e e m e n t shall limit the right of the c o m p a n y to contract out w o r k
except that such contracting will not be d o n e in o r d e r to ev a d e a n y of the t e r m s of this
agr
 e e m e n t .





7
CHAPTER

2.

- TH E LAYOFF PROCEDURE

N o r m a l l y , a n e m p l o y e r schedules production o n the basis of d e m a n d , as reflected
either in definite o r d e r s or in anticipated m a r k e t d e v e l o p m e n t s .
T h o u g h stable production
is d e si re d b y both parties to a collective bargaining a g r e e m e n t , slack pr od uc ti on periods
m a y occur.
Accordingly, a p r o c e d u r e for reducing the w o r k force during s u ch pe riods is
a n i m po rt an t subject for collective bargaining.
In force reductions, e m p l o y e r s a r e c o n c e r n e d with the retention of w o r k e r s w h o can
handle the available w o r k m o s t efficiently with a m i n i m u m of retraining. Consid er at io ns of
e m p l o y e e m o r a l e require that reductions in force be m a d e in a n equitable m a n n e r . W o r k e r s
a n d their representatives also desire a fair, easily understood, a n d impartially a d m i n i s t e r e d
s y s t e m of layoffs. A n o t h e r union objective is to safeguard e m p l o y m e n t opportunities a n d in­
c o m e for as m a n y m e m b e r s as possible. T h e a i m s of both m a n a g e m e n t a n d labor a r e r e ­
flected in the variety of clauses negotiated o n the subject of layoff.
U n i o n P a r t i c i p a t i o n in L a y o f f s

T h e right to lay off w o r k e r s is a m o n g the traditional prerogatives of m a n a g e m e n t .
U n d e r the t e r m s of a g r e e m e n t s w h i c h grant the union a voice in handling aspects of the layoff
p r o b l e m , the exercise of this right b e c o m e s a joint undertaking.
Co nt ra ct s v a r y in the d e g r e e of un io n participation w h i c h they provide. T h e u n i o n 1s
role m a y be passive, with n o participation indicated by the contract.
The agreement m a y
require the e m p l o y e r to consult with the union o n layoff policy, but r e s e r v e s the final d e ­
cision to the e m p l o y e r . U n d e r the t e r m s of s o m e a g r e e m e n t s , h o w e v e r , layoff policies are
to be d e t e r m i n e d th r o u g h negotiations w h e n layoffs a r e i m m i n e n t , allowing the union a n equal
voice in m a k i n g final decisions.
A contract m a y pr ovide that w o r k i n g h o u r s be r e d u c e d automatically, in lieu of a n
i m m e d i a t e layoff, in the event of slack w o r k .
If a choice of alternatives is not stipulated,
h o w e v e r , consideration of the union viewpoint m a y be m a d e obligatory by the contract. O n l y
rarely is the choice left entirely to the union.
O t h e r e x a m p l e s of the w a y s in w h i c h unions participate in the layoff p r o c e d u r e are
p r e s e n t e d in later sections of this report.
29 • Layoffs not c o n s i d e r e d p e r m a n e n t until d i s c u s s e d with the union
. . . E x c e p t as h e re in provided, pr o m o t i o n s , de mo ti on s, transfers, or layoffs of
e m p l o y e e s c o v e r e d b y this a g r e e m e n t m a d e b y the c o m p a n y without discussion in a d v a n c e
with designated unio n representatives will not be co ns i d e r e d p e r m a n e n t , until so discussed.
30.

U n i o n notified to negotiate o n m e t h o d of adjusting w o r k force;
c o m p a n y p r o c e e d s with layoff

if parties fail to a g r e e ,

W h e n e v e r , in the j u d g m e n t of the c o m p a n y , there exists a n o c c a si on for the adoption
of a p r o g r a m of m a s s or general layoffs or part-timing (less than a n o r m a l w o r k w e e k )
or both, of regular full-time a n d regular pa rt -t im e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s of the
c o m p a n y , the c o m p a n y a g r e e s before p r o c e e d i n g with s u c h p r o g r a m , in the following
sequence, to:
L a y off all occasional a n d t e m p o r a r y e m p l o y e e s e n g a g e d within the job classifications
a n d e x c h a n g e s affected in a s e q u e n c e to be d e t e r m i n e d by the c o m p a n y .
Notify the union of its intention to introduce su ch p r o g r a m a n d negotiate
union in r e g a r d to the m e t h o d or m e t h o d s to be e m p l o y e d .

with the

T h e c o m p a n y shall d e t e r m i n e the extent of the reductions required, the effective date
or dates thereof, the ex changes, a n d the job classifications involved.
If a n a g r e e m e n t as to the m e t h o d or m e t h o d s to be e m p l o y e d in introducing such
p r o g r a m is not r e a c h e d b y the c o m p a n y a n d the union within thirty d a y s f r o m the date
of s u ch meeting, the c o m p a n y m a y then p r o c e e d . . . /Jo lay off w o r k e r s ac co rd in g

to senioritv."7


8
3 1.

U n io n

a llo w e d

U n io n
c a s e s

of

.

b e fo r e

h o u rs

.

re v ie w

p r o p o s e d

re p re s e n ta tiv e s
la y o ff

R e d u ce d

3 2A .

to

.

to

b e fo r e

be

w ill

a ctio n

g iv e n

la y o ffs

n e g o tia te d

M a n a g em en t

co m m itte e

s h a ll

su ch

b e

la y o ffs

a re

by

any

It

b e in g

co m p a n y
w h e n e v e r
s h a ll
to

be

th e

any

u n io n

th e

end

that

th e

re q u ire d

a g re e d

4 0 -h o u r
b y

s h a ll

b e

w ith

on

th e

list

o f

cu rta ilm e n t

w eek ,

su ch

an y

ch an ge

in

In th e

ca s e

d iv isio n

o f

of

a

co n te m p la te d

in

th e

w o rk w e e k

w ith

th e

u n io n

w h en

th e re
and

w e e k

b y

an y
is

a

be

sh a ll

o r

and

w o rk in g

in te re s ts

w o r k

in

be

h o u rs

w o rk in g

in

th e

o f

th e re

ca u s e s ,

o f

w eek

la y o ffs

s e n io rity ,

co m e

th e

b oth

p e r

fo r c e ,

o r d e r

S h o u ld

o th er

th e

b e st

in

p r e s e r v e d .

co m p a n y

o r

th e

d e c r e a s e

d e p r e s s io n

la y o ff

th at

re d u ctio n

r e h ir in g

sh a ll

th e

to

h e r e to

abou t

q u estion

o f

u n io n .

re d u ce d

h o u r s :

J o in t

a g re e m e n t

e m p lo y e e s

w ill
o f

a ll

u n io n

re d u ctio n s

a v o id in g

e c o n o m ic

p r io r

p ro d u ctio n

sch ed u le

and

p a rtie s

b y

w o rk in g

n e g o tia te d

m a n a g e m e n t

re v ie w

*

s e n io rity ,

re a s o n

u n io n

*

th e

that

o f

la id -o ff

o f

by

fu rth e re d

o r d e r

la b o r

p e r

th e

b e

is

o f

C o n su lta tio n

b y

it

in v e rs e

w o rk

of

If

re c o g n iz e d

w ill

p o s s ib le ,
in

su rp lu s

h o u rs

33.

m u tu a lly

and

to

tak en .
#

32B .

o p p o rtu n ity
e ffe ctiv e .

m a n a g e m e n t

n e g o tia te

is

the

m a d e

in

any

co n fe r
h o u rs

la y o ff,

a

su p e rin te n d e n t

o r

list
and

d e p a rtm e n t

w ith

th e

p la n t

re d u ctio n

o f

in

e m p lo y e e s

th e

re q u ire s

le s s

co m m itte e
p e rs o n n e l

w h o

d e p a rtm en t

w ill

is

be

ste w a rd

th an

a n d /o r

40

h o u rs

th e

of w o rk

ste w a rd

b e fo r e

m a d e .

a ffe cte d

a n d /o r

a

s h a ll

be

m e m b e r

a g re e d

o f

th e

to

p la n t

c o m m it t e e .

34.

U n io n

co n se n t

e m p lo y e r
N o
sh a ll
ca u se

a s

35.

of

o n ly

w ith

W hen

w o rk

b y

th e

a fte r

a

R e d u ctio n
th e

e m p lo y e r

in c r e a s e s .

in

of

th e

re d u ctio n

of

th e

h o u rs;

p r o v is io n

fo r

a rb itra tio n

if

of

.

u n io n .

re fu sa l
.

to
.

s h a ll

re d u ce d ,
.

.

.

the

d is c h a rg e d
u pon

o r

g o o d

S h o u ld

th e

to

co n se n t

.

be

ex ce p t

d is c h a rg e ,

any

d isp u te

sh a ll

e m p lo y e r

b e

la id
and

off,

d e e m

la y o ff,

su b m itte d

to

n o r

su fficie n t
h im s e lf

o r

r e d u c ­

a rb itra tio n

.

h o u rs

in

th e

be

in

lieu

that

of

im m e d ia te

a

p e rio d ,

re d u ctio n

.

n otice ,

.

.

th e

a c c o r d a n c e

th e

o f

p la n

u p on
.

.

be

m a d e

by

u n io n

[nn
ui /
o

fo r c e s

is

a s s o cia tio n

co m p a n y ,
w ith

la y o ff to

n e c e s s a r y

and,

e le cts

re c e ip t

of

w ith in

15

sh a re

th e

n o tifica tio n ,

su ch

to

w ill

.

A Component of the Layoff Procedure
o f

to

.

w o rk

e m p lo y e e s ,

e m p lo y e e

su ch

w o rk in g
re ta in

a g re e m e n t

h o u rs

h is

S h o r t e r -s e r v ic e

p r o v is io n s

any

d e cid e s

o f

p rogra m ;

Working Reduced H o urs:

m its

o f

co m p a n y

re d u cin g

su ch

o r

e m p lo y e e

u n io n , s

re d u ce d

re c e ip t

any

co n se n t

th e

p ro v id e d .

of w o rk in g

d a ys

la y o ffs

p a r t-tim e

of

th e

o f

h o u rs

h e r e in a fte r

ad op t

h o u rs

b e ca u s e

w ork in g

C h o ice

in clu d in g

w ork in g

and

fo r

a g g rie v e d

e m p lo y e e ,

th e

a g g rie v e d
tio n

n e c e s s a r y

fe e ls

b e fo re

re g u la r

e m p lo y e e s
a ls o

b e n e fit

r e s o r t

sta ff

and

is

m a d e

in s u re s

w h o

w o u ld

w h en

h o u rs

to

o th e rw is e
a re

la y o ff

th e ir

cut

be

in

in

a

s la ck

a v a ila b ility
la id

lie u

o ff

of

an

p e r io d

w h en

u n d er

p e r ­

p r . . i o n

th e

s e n io rity

im m e d ia te

re d u ctio n

fo r c e .

In
p r o c e e d s
s o m e

in

e s ta b lis h m e n ts
sta ges

d e p a rtm e n ts

sch e d u le

is

b e in g




fr o m
m a y

w h e re

ra w
be

o b s e r v e d

o r

o p e ra tio n s
s e m ifin ish e d

re d u ce d
o r

at

th e

e m p lo y e e s

b e c o m e

sa m e
a re

p r o g r e s s iv e ly

m a te ria ls
tim e

b e in g

to

fin ish e d

that

la id

o ff.

in

s la ck

a s

g o o d s ,

o th e rs

th e

flo w

w o rk in g

eith er

a

of

w o rk

h o u rs

n o r m a l

in

w o rk

9

A
m a y

be

re d u ctio n

c o n s id e re d

c o lle c tiv e

th e

In
le v e l,

a

w ith

no
a s

m a in ta in

at

T h e
if

w o rk

v id e

p e rio d

has

not

fo r

fle x ib ility

36.

H ou rs

w ill

the

b e

32

to

and

an

at

an

1

w e e k

at

p ro d u ctio n
a v e ra g e

m a n a g e m e n t

to

36

be

40

le ft

th e

in

fo r c e

te r m s

o f

a u to m a tica lly
to

th e

a

th e

w h en

e m p lo y e r,

a

to

la y o ff

a

th e

the

m a y

lim it,

w e e k ly

re d u ce d

a

be

"a s
set—

u n io n

a g re e m e n t.

a re

m a d e

s p e cify

w o rk

a

R a th e r,

fo r c e

w ith

by

se e k s

le s s

p e r io d

not

to

to

30

than

30

a

n e e d

is

lo w .

days*

s e r v ic e

w e e k ly

2 -w e e k

e x c e e d
s h a ll

d o e s

th e

d a y s 4 s e r v ic e

th e

in

p r o ­

lim it

p ro d u ctio n

o c c u r ,

la y o ffs

G e n e ra lly

o r d e r

r e fle c ts

w ith

o p e ra tin g

p la ce ,

it

w h en

la y o ffs

in

m a x im u m

o f w o r k e r s

fu rth e r

fo r

re g u la r
be

lim it

lo w e r

by

in d e fin ite ly .

tak e

th e

m a y

lo w e r

la y o ffs

F a ilu re

th e

b e lo w

h o u rs

o r

e m p lo y e e s

h o u rs

o f

lim ite d

a ch ie v e d

sch e d u le s

o f

re d u ctio n

e m p lo y e d .

tim e ,

B e fo re

to

40

still

im m e d ia te

re d u ce d ,

le v e l

be

w o rk .

firs t.

o f

be

n e g o tia tin g

m a n a g in g

o f

be

o ff

m a y

con tin u e

e ffe ctiv e ly

to

In

th ose

s p e cifie d

w ill

a v e ra g e

and

in

co n tra ct,

th e

h o u rs

h o u rs

la id

a

u pon

e ffe ct

h o u rs

by

w e e k 1s

h as

be

of

T h e

fo r

th e

lie u

tak e

m a y

re d u ctio n

w o rk d a y s.

o f

m a y

a ctio n

d u rin g

D e p e n d in g

cu ts.

in co m e

in

h o u rs

su ch

in itia l

fu ll

in

fo r c e

h o u rs

h o u rs

a

sh ort

w ill

re d u ctio n

w e e k ly

fu ll

end

a u to m a tica lly

w o rk in g

at

th e

d is c r e tio n

re d u ce d

w eek

U n io n

that

co m p a n y

fu rth e r

37.

m e a n

an

re d u ce d

w ith

and

th e

w o rk in g
at

re d u ce d

If

o f

in c r e a s e d

n e c e s s a r ily

o f

o c c u r s

p a rtie s .

fu rth e r

s u b siste n ce

o r

p r o c e s s .1

in

tak e

b oth

e sta b lis h e d

m u ltip le

p e rs o n n e l

not

w ith

a

to

o f

fo r

lim it

p r e c e d e s

la y o ff

re d u ctio n

fo r

p ro v id e

a

th e

d e c is io n

p ro v id in g

lo w e r

le a st

re m a in in g

1

to

m a y

e x p r e s s e d

u s u a lly

th e

w h ic h

of

a

d e te rm in a tio n

a d d itio n

co n tra ct

n e c e s s a r y , ”

to

o r

jo in t

h o u rs
p a rt

a g re e m e n t,

d e clin e s ,

o r

w ork in g
in teg ra l

b a rg a in in g

p ro d u ctio n
u n io n ,

in
an

90

h o u rs

p e rio d —

d a y s.

o c c u r

to

S h ou ld

m a in ta in

h o u rs.

d is c u s s

re d u ce d

h o u rs

in

lie u

of

n o tifie d

a s

soon

im m e d ia te

la y o ff

fo r

s e n io r

e m p lo y e e s

T h e

e x e cu tiv e

re d u ctio n
w ith

th e

a m on g

38.

o f

e x e cu tiv e

s e n io r

U n io n

to

s la ck

.

39.

a

be

.

U n ion

.

h o u rs

A s

te r m s
in
A

fo r

equ al

th ose
la y o ff.

o f

b oth ,

con su lted

be
If

fo r

re q u e ste d

th e

re d u ce d

w ill

la y o ffs

B u re a u

h o u rs

a

b y

p u rp o s e

h o u rs;

the

th e

o f

g iv e

a s

the

o f

p o s s ib le
u n io n ,

w h en

a

la rg e

m a n a g e m e n t

d is c u s s in g

la y o ffs;

o r

of

w o rk ,
to

th e

in te n t

in

S ta tistics

the

h o u rs

a

32

a

s ca le

w ill

d iv isio n

co m b in a tio n

re g a r d s

the

of

m e e t
h o u rs

o f

b oth ,

in

p r io r

lin e

b etw een

th e

o f w h ic h

a p p e a rs

a re

p re s e n te d

a v o id
in

sa m e

to

in
to

tw o

e x p e cte d

a ttem p t

a

re d u cin g

a s

b e

co n su lte d

h o u rs ,

la y o ffs,

p r o c e d u r e .

h o u rs

la y o ffs .
to

p la ce

re q u e st

a ttem p ted

re d u ce d

p ro d u ctio n

w ill
in

W h e n e v e r

a

re d u ctio n

o f

su ch

p r a c tic a l.
p r io r

to

la y o ffs
T h e

th e

su ch

in

th e
w h en

e m p lo y e r

e ffe ctu a tio n

of

w o rk w e e k .

has

an

o r

w eek

its

(w o r k -sh a r in g )

to

u n io n

e s ta b lis h

to

th e

at

th e

re d u ctio n

co n s id e ra tio n

p e r

[ nn
ui ]
o

it

A n

cla u s e s

g iv e

h o u rs

a rra n g e m e n t.

sh ou ld

e ffo rt

to

o f

a

to

w o r k e r s

b e

p r io r

la y o ffs .

m a d e

re a s o n a b le

m a n n e r

m a y

o ff

b o a rd

in v o lv in g

e ffo rt

a g r e e s

b e lo w

w o rk

con ta ct

fo r c e

la y in g

re d u ctio n

w o r k

w a y

o f

a s s o cia tio n

o f

th e

in

s in ce re

e v e r y

not

th e

o p e ra tio n ,

W o rk -s h a rin g




in

w o r k -s h a r in g

d iv isio n

a g re e m e n ts

to

L a b o r

of

a

e m p lo y e r

d iv isio n

re d u ctio n

m u st

o r

of

equ al

a ctu a l

m a k e

w o rk e d

p o s s ib le

ch o ic e

th e

and

a s

d e c r e a s e
and

on

w ith

w h ic h
In

a d v a n ce

exten t

th e

p u re ly

sh a rin g

in

co n su lt

fo r

fo r c e .

re g a r d in g

re q u ire d

the
to

T h e

g e n e ra l

co m m itte e

co n te m p la te d

n o r m a lly

to

o f

e ffe ct,

fa r

e m p lo y e r
a re

a g re e s

1

co n su lte d

be

T h e

p ro v id in g

w ill

a n ticip a te d .

e m p lo y e e s .

any

to

la y o ffs

e ith e r

is

shop

co m b in a tio n

and

co m m itte e

p e rio d s

re g a rd in g
o r

shop

e m p lo y m e n t

d istin g u ish

lie u
or

p r a c tic e s

la y o ff

fa ll

to
in

o ff

b e
a

to

b e e n
to

a

th e

not
to

w h e re

m a r k e d

p ro v id e

su b seq u en t

fo r

be

a

co n tra ct

and

b e g in n in g

on

d ra w n .
is,

in

p ro v id e s

e v e n tu a lly
tre a t

th e

re d u ctio n

c le a r ly

w o r k -s h a r in g

ch a p ter

u n d er

o f a

m a te ria liz e

d e g r e e ,

id e n tify

a g re e m e n ts

th ose

co u r s e

m a y

e v e n

to

and

fa ils

w h ic h

m a d e

b e tw e e n

la y o ff

d u rin g

C o n tra riw is e ,

h a s

o f

w o r k ­

se p a ra te ly
in

lie u

p a ge

of
35.

XU

4 0 .

J o in t

a g re e m e n t

.
o f

.

.

h o u rs

8

w o rk

o r

th e

w o r k -s h a r in g
b e tw e e n

4 1 .

E m p lo y e r

c r e w .

4 2 .

to

4

4

3.

U n ion

vote

go

b y

co n su lte d

th e
a

4 4 .

th an

8

J o in t

In

th e

d a y,

in

th e

fo r c e
p e r

even t

s e n io rity
a

w e e k ,

a ttem p t

th e

to

s e ctio n

not

to

th e

o f

still

a ll

d e p a rtm e n t
at

4 6 .

any

L e v e l

on e

o f

In
pan y
th at

4 7 .

L e v e l

even t
th at

of

o f

re d u ce d

s h a ll

A fte r

p o s s ib le

2

to




a

to

and

of w o rk

w o rk .
o f

In

le s s

N ot

th an

th an

p e r
o ff

35

w o r k
be

24
a

le s s

p e r

sch ed u le

32

th e

n e c ­

n e c e s s a r y

la y o ff

ru le

to

la y

and

off

a re

th e

s e c r e t

e m p lo y e e s

sch e d u le d

u n io n

w ill

e m p lo y e e s

be

a sh o rt

to

fo r

d is c u s s
m a in ta in

w e e k

an

w h ic h
a

a v e ra g e

co m m itte e
e ffe cte d

d istrib u ted

w ill
in

fr o m

d a y

e m p lo y e e s
in

the

c o m ­

d e c r e a s e
o f

32

and

o f

h o u rs

co n fe r

in

a c c o r d a n c e

a s e q u a lly
s k ills

d isa g r e e m e n t,
p e r

th e

n e c e ss ita te

b e lo w

be

o c c u r

fo r

im m in e n t,

p a rtic u la r
of

w e e k

w h ic h m a y

w ill

sh a ll

m a y

an

w ith

b e tw e e n

su ch

a b ilitie s

r e ­

m a n a g e m e n t

sh a ll

w e e k .

to

h a ve

b e e n

re d u ce

p e r io d

not

s e n io rity .

the

la id

h o u rs

e x c e e d in g
.

.

2

o ff,
of

if n e c e s s a r y
w o rk

in

ca le n d a r

an y

w e e k s

.

w e e k

fo r c e

sp re a d

than

o r

and

p e r

g r ie v a n ce

se n io rity

a

in

is

b e ca u s e

w ith o u t

h o u rs .

.

.

any

o f

la ck

of

d e c r e a s e

in

w o rk ,
fo r c e ,

the

c o m ­

p ro v id e d

.

w e e k

la y o ff

h o u rs

b e

exten t

o f

w e e k

p e r

d e c r e a s e
w ill

w o rk

s iz e

e m p lo y e e s .

w o rk in g

and

h o u rs

co m p a n y

32

th e

m a jo rity

en ou gh

a p p e a rs

even t

1 y ea r*s

th an

w e e k ly

th e

im m e d ia te

b y

h o u rs

fo r th e

fo r

o ff

w h en

fo r c e

32

th e

o p e ra tio n s

e m p lo y e e s

e m p lo y e e s

p e r

a c c o r d in g

le s s

g e n e ra l
at

o r

a g re e m e n t

w e e k .

32

sh a ll

than

o f

to

h o u rs

that

p e r io d

th e

of

d e c r e a s e s

the

o f

re d u ce

re g u la r

la y in g

o f

su ch

lie u

co m p a n y

p e r

w o rk

due re g a rd

le s s

la y

24

m u tu al

re d u cin g

o ff

vote

o f

so

th an

d e c r e a s e

le s s

35

not

h o u r s :

m a in ta in

p la n t

a

co n te m p la te d

n o

fo r

w e e k

s h a ll

b e

th e

m a y

fu rth e r

o f

in

th e

o r

exten d ed

la id

re d u ce d

th en

a v e ra g e

m a y

b e fo r e

o r

o ff

h o u rs

h o u rs

an

h o u rs

N ot

a v a ila b le

w e e k s

40

th an

h o u r s :

a ll

o f

the

a n d / o r

w o rk w e e k

T h e re
w e e k .
it

tim e

b y

cu rta ilm e n t

h o u rs

re d u ce d

w o rk w e e k

p ro d u ctio n ,

le s s

re d u ce d

th e

the

not

b e lo w

w o r k -s p r e a d in g

e m p lo y e e s .

w o rk in g

w eek ,

an

w ith

w ith

re d u ce

n u m b e r

w o rk d a y

la y o ff

y e a r,

la y in g

d e c r e a s e

b a s is

h o u r s :

e m p lo y e e s

to

a g r e e s

a

m in im u m
th e

of

e x ce p t

co m p a n y

fu rth e r

re d u ce d

a re

p e r

fo r

o f

th e

cla s s ific a tio n s

to

a v a ila b le

on

any

re d u ce

p u rp o s e

co n tra ct,

im m e d ia te

if

w o rk , oth e r

w h eth er

th e

of

not

th e

tr a n s fe r r e d

b e fo r e

w o rk e d

a v a ila b le

w o rk

fu rth e r

o f

h o u rs

to

th e

h o u rs

g u a ra n tee
s h a ll

fo r

re m a in in g

con tin u e

fu rth e r

in

a

ca le n d a r

be

w o rk

re d u ce

p ra ctica b le

re d u ce d

W hen
to

th e
is

p e r fo r m

d iv id e

L e v e l

o r
a s

a s

to

sh ort

con tin u e

a

th e

sch e d u le

to

o f

sch ed u le,
w ill

to

th e

m a n a g e m e n t

a g re e

e m p lo y e e s
q u ire d

and

re d u ctio n

in

fo r

re d u ctio n

m a y

of

d e p a rtm e n t,

w e e k

d e c r e a s e
th e

u n it

ju d g m en t
o r

th is

a
in

a

h o u rs

w o rk

re d u cin g

co m p a n y
s o le ly

lie u

o p e ra tio n s

4 0

re q u ire d

re s u lts

p a n y ’ s

o f

co n tin u in g

a g re e m e n t

to

4 5 .

of

p e r

a fte r

a v e ra g e

in

re s p e ctiv e

w h eth er

a v e ra g e

p r o b le m

m in im u m

on

co n stitu te

th e

h o u rs

w e e k s

b a llo t

h o u rs

w e e k s

an

in
4

w o rk w e e k

th e ir

36

o r

u n io n .

re d u ce d

s e c r e t

in

to

W ith in
le s s

o f

not

p ro v is io n s

e m p lo y e e s

n o r m a l

E m p lo y e e s
to

s la ck

w e e k s

40

h o u rs

e x c e e d

y o u n g e st
a

E m p lo y e e s

b a llo t

re d u ce

w o r k e r s

w e e k ,

la y o ff
th e

off

d o e s

p e r

b e lo w

th e

a re

not

th e

p ro v id e

o r

and

to

o r d e r s

A fte r

e s s a r y ,
to

a v o id

la y in g

s e ctio n

d ay

co m p a n y

fo r

o f

w o rk w e e k

ch o ic e

W hen

th is

p e r

to

the

sch e d u le

ch o ic e

A lth o u g h

o f

h o u rs

on

o r
of

u n til

h o u rs

le s s ,
not

in

la y o ffs

le s s

th an

a

r o o m

w ill
24

b e

h a ve

b e e n

m a d e ,

if

h o u rs

p e r

re d u c e d

n e c e s s a r y ,

w e e k .

to
to

24

p e r

m a k e

11

4 8 .

L e v e l

o f

h o u rs

p e r

re d u ce d

fo r

th e

fir s t

D u rin g
w eek ,

th e

tio n ,

a s

th e

30

th e

fir s t
fo r

no

o b lig a tio n

L e v e l

of

re d u ce d

W h en
step s

a

to

be

h o u r s :

sch e d u le d

E m p lo y e e s
m a in ta in

a

in

w eek ,

h ire d

3 5 -h o u r

th e

th e

is

w o rk

s h a ll

be

a fte r

J an u a ry

fo r

th o se

re d u ce d

h o u rs:

R e la te d

o f

a v e ra g e
an

o f

a

24

o f

h o u rs

a v e ra g e

L e v e l

o f

b e

d iv isio n

n e c e s s a r y

52.

n o

lo s s
4

on

F o r

p e r io d

in

o n

an y

to

s h a ll

th e

b e lo w

w ith ou t

w o rk w e e k

p e r io d

o f

35

a

any

5 -d a y

lim ita ­

the

to

a

m in im u m

co m p a n y

sh a ll

be

step s

la ck

b e

p e r

o f

w o rk ,

th e

fo llo w in g

th e

fo r

n o tifie d
w ill

n ot

fo r

so

fa r

a s

n e c e s s a r y

to

w o r k .

any
fo r

a

a

sch e d u le

th e

a fte r

o f

w ill

.

.

.

w h ic h

if

not

be
th e

w e e k ,

that

is,

8 h o u rs

2

e m p lo y m e n t
co n se cu tiv e

m o r e

than

4

o f

le s s

w e e k s

th an

o r

co n se cu tiv e

le s s

w e e k s

co m m itte e .

n e c e s s a r y 1
1

to

s h a ll
th e

e m e r g e n c y

p e rio d

o f

than

sh op

!,a s

p e r

p e r io d

m o r e

s e n io rity

on e

u n io n

a

p e r io d

w ith

h o u rs

s la ck

o f

re d u ce d

q u ittin g

in

re d u ce d

b e

o ff

It

2

w ith in

a

w o rk w e e k

b e

co n s e cu tiv e

is

w o rk

b e fo r e

sh a ll

w o rk w e e k

e x c e e d

re g u la r

la id

w o rk w e e k

th e

n otified .

th e

o f

h o u r s :

p ro d u ctio n ,
to

b e fo re

w o rk in g

a

th e

2

u n d e rsto o d
sch e d u le

w e e k s ,

co m p a n y

m in im u m

in itia tin g

co m p a n y

is

re d u ce d

w e e k s .
that

is

a s

d e p a rtm e n t
B e fo r e

th e re

re d u ce d

sh a ll

to

le s s

and

the

re d u ce d

e x ce p t
m a y

w o rk in g

tr a n s fe r s
u n io n

.

h o u rs;

3

.

o r

b y

m u tu al

re d u ce

th e

sch e d u le
la y o ffs

o f

a g re e m e n t

h o u rs

32

o f

h o u rs

e x ce p t

a s

th e

fo r

m a y

a
be

.

co n s e cu tiv e

w e e k s

u n le s s

ch a n ged

e n t.

the

o th e r
o r

a s

e x ce p t

h o u rs

than

a

on

so o n

a s

It

a g re e d

b y

is

an

o p e ra tio n

p e rm a n e n t
p o s s ib le

a fte r

that

flu ctu a te

re d u ctio n
th e

th e se

m u tu al a g re e m e n t

in

h o u rs

h a v e

co n d itio n s

b e tw e e n

fr o m

32

to

p ro d u ctio n ,

th e

b e e n

s h a ll

h o u rs

stew a rd

re d u ce d

n ot

co m p a n y

4 0

th e

la st

and

and

lo n g e r

th e

u n io n

p e r

w e e k

.

o f w o rk in g

fu rth e r

d e p a rtm e n t

th a
 t d e p a r t m


to

w e e k s

d u ra tio n

It

.

w h e re

p r o c e s s e d .

L im it 3 o n th e

.

o f

w e e k s

r e a s o n

.

.

fo r

h o u rs ,

d e p a rtm en t

b y

p r io r
b e

3 co n se cu tiv e

.

2

c a s e s

c o m m itte e s .

any

p e rio d

y e a r s 1
40

the

d e clin e

d u ra tion

an y

be

on

a

32

o ff

at

co n se n t

in

s h a ll

th e re o f

to

w e e k .

la id

re m a in in g

o f

w e e k

w o rk in g

on e

u p on

w e e k ,

la y o ffs

in

fa ll

b oth ,

s u c c e s s iv e

re d u ce d

re d u ce d

a g re e m e n t

re d u ce d

o f

e x c e e d

H o w e v e r,

54.

30

w e e k .

a g r e e d

m u tu a l

th an

re d u ce

a cco u n t

d u ra tio n

s p e cifie d ;

e ffe ct

d u ra tion

to

p e r

than 4

rig h ts

to

fo r

even t

be

in to

te m p o r a r y

n ot

L im its

m a y

p e r

fo r c e

m u tu a lly

p e r

o f

.

1947,

b e

p a rt

b e lo w

th e

r e c a ll

the

a

in

put

o f

d a y s

L im its

b y

is

n ot

le s s

s h a ll

any

h o u rs

h o u rs

e x ce p t

a ctio n

w o rk in g

53.

1,

w e e k

w r itte n

re d u c e d

d e p a rtm e n ts

su ch

32

w ith

is

o r
p e r

lo c a l

re d u ce d

o f w o rk

p la n t

o f

by

E m p lo y e e s
a

than

m in im u m

T h u rsd a y .

o n ly

b e

o r

4 -w e e k

in

on

.

e m p lo y e e s

h o u rs

s h a ll

o r

re d u c e d

.

th rou g h

th an

in

p e rio d ;

sch e d u le s

fo r c e ,

m a y

th is

n e c e s s a r y

M on d a y

O p e ra tio n

51.

s la ck

fo r c e .

liste d

sch e d u le d

L e v e l

an

o f

p ro d u ctio n

w o r k

co m p a n y

h o u rs

T h e

50.

the

D u rin g

w o rk

day,

p e r

w eek

an y

o r

o r d e r

o f

w e e k

w h ich

w e e k s .

fo r c e
th e

h o u rs

in

h o u rs,

W eek ly

in

tak en

firs t

re q u ire .

re d u ce

d e c r e a s e

sh a ll

T h e

m a y

d u rin g

w e e k s

w e e k

a d d itio n a l

u n d er

4 9.

3

re d u ce

ca le n d a r

3

lim it

ca le n d a r
m a y

s itu a tio n

h o u rs

N o

fo llo w in g

co m p a n y

A fte r
o f

h o u r s :

w e e k

s h a ll

re d u ce d

u n d e rsto o d
not

be

that

h o u r s :

a

co n tin u e d

N ot b e y o n d

4

s ch e d u le d

w o r k w e e k

in

b ey on d

e ffe ct

4

co n s e cu tiv e

u n d er

40

co n s e cu tiv e

w e e k s

h o u rs

w o rk w e e k s

in

12

55.

L im its

on

the

. . .
d u rin g

If

th e

5 6.

th e

w h ic h

p a rtm e n t

on

T h e
ca b le

tak e

co m p a n y

a v a ila b le

w o rk ,

d e p a rtm e n ts
la y

o ff

w o rk

o r

in d u stria l
h o u rs

a ffe cte d

and

th e

w e e k

b e lo w

d u ra tio n

o f

and

a

h o u rs
a

that

fo r

a

p e r io d

of

r e c la s s ific a tio n

th ose

e m p lo y e e s

4

o f

w e e k s,

that

d e ­

re m a in in g

in

w e e k .

6

4 0 -h ou r

in

it

th e

th e

w e e k s;

p e rio d

and

the

ca n

of

by

th e

g re a te s t

te m p o r a r y

to

32

b e

ex ten d ed

6

w e e k s ,

u n io n ,

p e r

a fte r

th an

40

it

s h a ll
of

d ir e c to r

th e

w e e k s

the
th e

h o u rs

th e

ch an ge

6

in
in

w h ic h

b etw een

te m p o r a r ily

lo n g e r

p r a c t i­

w e e k

e m p lo y e e s

a g re e m e n t

p e r io d s

exten t

re d u ctio n

h o u rs

re m a in in g

m a y ,

fo r

th e

a

e x ce e d in g

g iv e

a gen t

h o u rs

to

o f

w o rk w e e k

n ot

to

w e e k

even t

th e

u n io n

b u s in e ss

32

so

h o u r s :

p e rio d

en a b le

co m p a n y

40

a g re e m e n t

re d u ce
a

w e e k s

b e lo w

p e r

re d u ce d

4

m a in ta in e d ,

re d u ce d

m a in ta in

fo r

to

be

w o rk

m u tu al

m a y

e m p lo y e e s

re la tio n s

fo r c e

to

fa lls

sh a ll

H o w e v e r,

co m p a n y

T h e

p e r

by

e n d e a v o r

a r e a s

w e e k .

h o u rs

w o rk in g

n e e d s .

th e

su fficie n t

p e r

u le d

w ill

h o u r s :

d e p a rtm e n t

h o u r s 1

c a s e s

o p e ra tin g

re d u ce d

th e

40

o f

s p e c ific

a
32

and

h a ve

d u ra tio n

in

in
o f

p la ce

s h a ll

th e

w ith

w o rk in g

m in im u m

d e p a rtm e n t

L im its

of

w o rk w e e k

a

s h a ll

te m p o r a r ily

o f

d u ra tio n

s ch e d ­

in

s p e c ific

c a s e s .
57.

L im its

on

In
that
a s

58.

ca s e

any

p e r io d
100

L im its

on

In
tiv e
th e

in

c a s e

th e

o ld e r
.

.

on

th an
If

th e

1st

s h a ll

e la p se

a

to

L im its
p e r io d

p e rio d

th is

to

s e n io rity

ca le n d a r
s h a ll

h o u r s :
w o rk

o p e ra te

o ff

at

4

2

at

le s s

y o u n g e r

w ith

o f

w o rk in g

d e p a rtm e n t

is
o f

not
4

June

d a y s,

b e

la id

so

o ff

a s

.

co n se cu tiv e

re d u ce d

th an

4

e m p lo y e e s

d a y s 1 w o rk

re d u ce d

be

s h a ll

to

.

.

w e e k s

h o u rs

d a y s

fo r

p e r

re su lt

and

fo r

re c a lle d

se n io rity
s h a ll

in

b e

b e fo r e

se n io r

w e e k

in

w e e k

p e r

30th

r e lie v e

th e

a

o r

4

fo r

ju n io r

w o r k e r s

2

o r d e r

c o n s e c u ­

to

fo llo w e d

p ro v id e

a s

fa r

a s

sla ck

th rou gh

p e rio d

s itu a tio n

w ith in

w o rk

s h a ll

6 -m o n th

1st

w e e k s

any

6 -m o n th

sch ed u le,

p e r io d

e m p lo y e e s

w ith

tr a n s fe r r e d .

d e p a rtm e n t

4 -w e e k

th e

o ff

any

J u ly

s e co n d

w ith

la id

w ith in

and

h o u r s :

fa ce d

b e

re lie v e d

w e e k s

th e

not

the

d u ra tio n
exten d ed

e m p lo y e e

w ith

s h a r e -o f-th e -w o r k

cu m u la tiv e

in

6

any

be

p e rio d ,

re d u ce d
6

D e c e m b e r

sh a ll

tak e

e m p lo y e e s

to

m on th s
31st.

a

3 2 -h o u r

p e r io d s
A

w o r k ­

b ein g

J a n ­

o f

p e r io d

d a y s

90

p la c e .

s h a ll

be

la id

o ff

o r

tr a n s fe r r e d

a c ­

th e

w o rk in g

re d u ce d

m u tu al

m o r e

than

p r o g r a m

h o u r s :

5

w e e k s

cu m u la tiv e

in

any

6-m o n th

a g re e m e n t
30

d a y s

b a se d

p e rio d ,

p e r io d s

s h a ll

o f

u p on

a

u n le s s

b e

cu rre n t
4 -d a y

e x te n sio n s

J an u a ry

1st

e m p lo y m e n t

w o rk w e e k
a re

th rou gh

w ill

co n tin u e s

m u tu a lly

June

30th

b e

la id

o ff

b ey on d

5

u n til
w e e k s

a g re e d .

and

J u ly

1st

th rou g h

31st.

L im its

o f
b y

6 -m o n th

m on th s

D e c e m b e r

61.

re d u ce d

co n tin u in g

la y in g

90

e m p lo y e e s

d a ys

s e n io rity .

on

T h e

o f

s e r v ic e

b e fo r e

u n le s s

N o
a

o r
o f

th rou gh

S h ou ld
co rd in g

in

situ a tio n

fo r

u a ry

60.

jo b
y e a r

w e e k

re q u ire d

fo r

ca le n d a r

fu rn ish e d .

w o rk in g

is

d u ra tio n

a
1

be

p ro v id e

p rin c ip le

.

90

.

the

S h ou ld
le s s

o f

.

ca n

h o u r s :

co n tin u e

.

to

p la n t

th e

e m p lo y e e s

p o s s ib le

L im its

o ff

re d u ce d

s h a ll

w o rk

tim e

d u ra tio n
la id

w e e k s ,

th e

w o rk in g

th e

a re

w o rk in g

cu rta ilm e n t

sh a rin g

p e rce n t

w o r k e r s

59.

the

on

B e fo r e
th e

d u ra tio n

any

co m p a n y

w ith in

20

la y o ffs

d a y s

p ro v id e d

o f

not

o v e r

tim in g

w ith

th e

re c e ip t

of

e m p lo y e e s
su ch

y e a r

la y o ffs




w ith

n o tify

of
o f

tim in g

1

w o rk in g

e m p lo y e e s

sh a ll

tw een

o f

if,

in

o r

y e a r s

in te n tio n

su ch

n o tice ,
net
s h a ll

to

n o tify

cr e d ite d
not

fu rth e r

ju d g m e n t,

h o u r s :

m o r e

o f

w ith

p ro v id e d
its

5

u n io n

p a rt-tim in g

and

re d u ce d

su ch

o f

th e

th e

o v e r

net

m a k e

1

o f

o n e -h a lf
co m p a n y

a d d itio n a l

y e a r

cr e d ite d
su ch

co m p a n y

s e r v ic e

e x c e e d

that

N ot

5

s e r v ic e

la y o ffs .
of

th e

y e a r s
d ay

m a y

cu rta ilm e n t

fo r

su p p le m e n t
is

and

n e c e s s a r y .

a

su ch

o ff,
m a y ,

c h o ic e

m o r e

w e e k

la id

u n io n

u n io n s
o r

p e r

a re

T h e

b e ­

p a r t­
p e r io d
p a r t­

13
Advance Notice of Layoff
P r io r
to

th e

e m p lo y e e s
e e s

to

a ffe cte d

an

s in ce

in v o lv e d

im p e n d in g

e m p lo y e e s ,
it

and

g iv e s

the

re v ie w

b etw een

th e

p a re

the

e c o n o m ic

the

fo r

b u m p in g

and

T h e

p a rtie s

th e

e m p lo y e r ^

o f

n o tice

62.

o f

m a y

if

N o tice

n eed

la y o ff

In

F o r e m e n ,

to

the

to

w e r e

re q u ire d

the

th e

to

a s s u r e s

fo r

la y o ff

h is

a d v a n ce

n o tice

tre a tm e n t

sta tu s

la y o ff.

a llo w s

d e te rm in e

g iv e

fa ir

se n io rity

s e le c te d

o f
to

o f

th e

A ls o ,

th e

to

th e

p e r io d

e m p lo y e e

d isp la ce m e n t

a ll

e m p lo y ­

to

rig h ts

p r e ­
u n d er

a g re e m e n t.

a d ju s tm e n t

in

n o tice

re q u ire m e n t

1

be

n o tice

v e r ify

d ate

a d v a n ce

fo r

the

o f

a re

a d v a n ce

w o rk

fo r c e

s h o r t-te r m

a d v a n ce

e m p lo y e e s

p ro v id e

la y in g

to

h im

the

q u ick

u n io n :

b e fo re

of

c a s e s ,

n o tice

e n title d

in

to

d u rin g

o r

e m e r g e n c y

te m p o r a r y

la y o ffs .

c ir c u m s ta n c e s

b eyon d

o r

fu ll

in

lie u

s u p p ly

the

p a rtia l

p ay

n o tice .

day

o ff,

co m m itte e m e n

tr a n s fe rrin g ,

tak en

.

N o tice

o f

T h e
2

.

la y o ff

co m p a n y

w o rk in g

N o tice

d a ys

o f

k n ow led g e

o f

o f

u n io n :

to

s h a ll

th e

n e e d

la y o ff

to

even t

o f

la y o ff

3

re c a llin g

w r itte n
re su lt

th e

th e

e m p lo y e e s

e m p lo y e e s ,

a ffe cte d

24

sh a ll

h o u rs

b e fo re

a ctio n

d a ys

w ith

the

b e c o m e

d a y s,

g iv e

fo r

the

u n io n

sh a ll

th ey

u n le s s

o f

w o rk in g

th e

u n io n:

th e

lis ts

2

fu rn ish
th e

la y o ffs

N o tice

s h a ll

co m p a n y

su ch

th e

b e fo r e

la y o ff

T h e
to

to

w ith

o r

.

3.

65.

a

th e

fa ils

is

64.

e n a b le s

m a y

S u ch

th ey

and

so m e

d ep a rtm en ta l

6

w h ic h

e ffe ctiv e

re q u ire

w a iv e

e m p lo y e r

in

th e

fo r

not

to

co n tr o l.

o f

and

e m p lo y e r
b oth .

o p p o rtu n ity

p r o v is io n s

m a y

a g re e

th e

an

a d ju s tm e n t

th e

co n tr a c ts

o r

m a n n e r

d a te

s e n io rity

B e ca u s e
situ a tio n s,

th e

u n io n

th e

n o tifica tio n

la y o ff,
u n io n ,

the

e x ce p t

n o tice

u n d er

to

fr o m

n a m e s

th e

an

o f

a ll

e m p lo y e e s

to

be

la id

o ff

e ffe ctiv e .

e m e r g e n c y

u n io n

con d itio n s

o f p r o p o s e d

e m e r g e n c y

o r

th e

la y o ffs

3 d a ys

co m p a n y

h a s

p r io r

no

p r io r

la y o ffs .

u n io n :

5

d a y s,

ex ce p t

u n d er

c ir c u m s ta n c e s

b ey on d

e m p lo y e e s

co n tro l
In
and

the

c lo c k

c ir c u m s ta n c e s

66.

N o tice

of

T h e
tio n s

67.

o f

W h en ev er
p lo y e e s ,
o f

68.

th e

p la cin g

N o tice

In

o f

in

th e

su ch

o f

m a te ria ls ,
th e

shop

is

co n tr o l,

w ill

b e

m a d e

la y o ff

th e re

sh a ll

b e

a v a ila b le

statu s

to

o f

to

in

o r

in

to

typ e

s h a ll

In

of

fr o m

th e

so

n a m e s

d oin g

by

th e

n o tice

list

of

of

co n te m p la te d

e m p lo y e e s

r e d u c ­

a ffe cte d .

.

.

.

p a r t-tim e
not

le s s

o r

la y

th an

o ff

30

re g u la r

d a y s

in

e m ­

a d v a n ce

la y o ff

s h a ll

a s

to

n a m e s

re m a in in g

a ls o

la id

th e
off,

fu rn ish

a re

o f

not

o r

o f

to
a

be

la y o ff

ch a irm a n
not

th e

le s s

sh a ll

o f

than

ch a irm a n

r e c a lle d

la y o ff

to

a ris in g
be

out

g iv e n

o f

w o rk ,

to

of

a

th e

th e
48

shop
h o u rs

th e

shop

p r io r

to

sh o rta g e
ch a irm a n

s p e cifie d

co n d itio n s

fo r

the

fu rn ish
b e

p o s s ib le .

P e r io d

la y o ffs

to

even t

n o tice

re a s o n s

w r itin g

to

w h o

th e

a d v a n ce

fo r

th e

o f

e m p lo y e e s

u n io n :

a

n o tifie d

e m p lo y e e s

in

in d ica tin g

re la tio n

d a y s 1 n otice

d a ys

co m p a n y

o f

g e n e ra l

g iv e n

b y

w o r k .

th e

a re

5

p re v e n te d

.

co m p a n y
o f

w ith

30

be

e q u ip m e n t,

m u ch

u n io n

u n le s s

a d v a n ce

n e c e s s a r y

.

the

list

T h e

e m e r g e n c y

w h e re

p ra ctica b le

s e n i o r i t y


an

a s

.

la y o ff

list

d a y s 1

th an

it

V a r ie s

th e

th e

b re a k d o w n

co m m itte e

in

o f

7

s h a ll

e ffe ct

u n io n :

th e

off,

to g e th e r

le s s

u n io n

in

g iv e

la id

co n tr o l.

u n it,

c o n s id e r s
th e

g e n e ra l

o f

its

/u n io n ?

N ot

e m p lo y e e s

in d e fin ite

E x ce p t
n o

o r

o f

la y o ff.

c o p ie s

th e

u n io n :

c o p ie s

su ch

of

of

a

o f
12

re tu rn

N o tice

o f
12

o f

6 9.

th e

w ith

a d v a n ce

to

be

d a y s

b a rg a in in g

p r o g r a m

to

7

sh a ll

to

b e y o n d

co m p a n y

a

even t

co m m itte e

g iv e

th e

th e

th e

e m p lo y e r

e m p lo y e e s

u n io n :

p re s id e n t

la y o ff

th e

w ill

to

su ch

co m m itte e

th e

w ith in

la y o ff

th e

th e

co n d itio n s

to

co m p a n y

la y o ff

o f

o r

la y o ff

o f fo r c e

N o tice

a

n u m b e rs

an
shop

o f

the

o v e r

in d e fin ite

co m m itte e
e m p lo y e e s

e m p lo y e e s

in

w h ic h

p e rio d ,

th e

b e fo r e
to

be

th e

a s

co m p a n y

m u ch

th e
la id

d ep a rtm e n t.

la y o ff.
o ff

h a s

n o tice

and

A

a s
list

th eir

70.

N o tice

o f

T h e
th e

is

la y o ff

N o tice

o f

.
48

7 2.

e m p lo y e r

la y o ff

and
71.

te m p o r a r y

n o tice

.

A s

o f

73.

T h e

74.

o f

5.

It

.

.

N o tice

o f

o f

79.

o f

la y o ff

ca s e

N o tice

o f

be

u n d er

o f

at

o r

no

h e r

la y o ff

p y ra m id in g

w h e re

o f

c a ll-in

th e

g iv e

at

le a st

a

p a rt
a s

of

o r

so o n

th e

a s

e n tire

p o s s ib le

d e ­
.

.

.

la id

off

fr o m

d a ys

w o rk

b e fo r e

w ith ou t

th ey

a re

a

d e fin ite

la id

o ff,

o r

e a rn in g s.

5

w o rk in g

by

1

d a ys

a ffe cte d

in

a d v a n ce

d u ra tio n

e m p lo y e r

than

of

d a ys

w o rk in g

n o tice

th e

le s s

a re

2

e m p lo y e e s

days*

o f

p o s s ib le ,

sp e cifie d

in v o lv e d

w o rk in g

w h o

le a st

a v e ra g e

g iv e

o f

p o s s ib le

w h e n e v e r

o p e ra tio n s

2

e m p lo y e e s :

to

not

e m p lo y e e s

V a r ie s

o f

m o r e

10

tc

w e e k

of

by
o f

a

re d u ctio n

su ch

in

exten d ed

fo r c e

o f

an

la y o ff.

la y o ff

g iv e

in

not

le s s th an

w h ic h

g iv en

to

th e re o f

th an

co m p a n y

ca s e

a

1

w eek *s

3 -d a y

n o tice

n o tice

o f

s h a ll

be

g iv e

the

u n io n

oth e r

a b sen t

o r

is

o th e rw is e

p o r a r y

la y o ff

not

not
of

to

g iv e

at

le a st

24

h ou rs*

ca le n d a r

o f w o rk

in

no

it

s h a ll

on

g iv e

e v e n ts h a ll

p ro v id e d ,

e m p lo y e d

d a y s

a

a

th e

e m p lo y e e s

re g u la r

h o w e v e r,

p ro b a tio n a ry

e m p lo y e e

that n o tic e

o f

b a s is .

s p e cifie d

at

th e

but

10

la y o ff,

fo r c e

and

than

o f la ck
o f

a re

P e r io d

at

le a st

e x ce p t

p ro d u ctio n

in

the

a

d e p a rtm e n t,

w e st

gate

e m p lo y e e s

o r

2

2

a s

and

to

and

g iv e

by

th e

fa r

co m p a n y

w ill p o st

in

u n io n :

n o tice
th e

e x ce p t
su ch

p ro b a b le

la y o ff to

days*

ca u s e d

co n tra ct,

w eeks*

in d e fin ite

w ork in g

w h en

im p r a c tica l

e x ce e d in g

o f te m p o r a r y

w h o

la y o ff

p o s s ib le ,

a d v a n ce

a s

2

w o rk in g

d a y s;

a

p o s s ib le .

n o tice

co n d itio n s

o r

it

le s s

n o tice

re d u ctio n

2 w eek s*

N ot

p ra ctica b le ,

days*

p o s s ib le

a ffe cte d .

o ff b e ca u s e

a s

d ep a rtm en t

sh a ll

and

w h e n e v e r

e m p lo y e e s

s u b sta n tia l
th e

w ill,

e m p lo y e e s :

e m p lo y e e s :

in

w h e n e v e r

p la n t

e m p lo y e e s

to

h o u rs,

e m p lo y e e s

ca le n d a r

s p e cifie d

a ffe cte d

th e

re g u la r
la y s

24

e a ch

to

g o v e rn m e n t

N o tice

o f

a ll

e m p lo y e e s

e m p lo y e e s :

e ffe ct

w a iv e d

80.

h is

be

w h e n e v e r

s h a ll,

P e r io d

e m p lo y e e s :

w o rk in g

n o tice

o f a

that

T h e

of

s h a ll

h o u rs,

co m p a n y

c e s s a tio n

p r a c tic e

th an

N o tice

p lo y e e

th e

e m p lo y e e s :

to

m u ch

le s s

to

th e re

a ffe cte d .

n o tify

to

la y o ffs

co m p a n y

not

In

h o u r s 1 n otice

48

e m p lo y e e s :

g iv e

5

la y o ff

n eed

n o tice

to

to

a g r e e s

to

to

la y o ff

78.

4

th at

.

a s

g iv e n

la y o ffs,

n o tice

la y o ff

th e

in

la y o ff

W h en

h o u rs

e m p lo y e e
h o w e v e r,

e m p lo y e e * s

m a n a g e m e n t

in v o lv e d
b e

be

p r io r

N o tice

s h a ll

to

la y o ff

T h e
n o tice

4

e m p lo y e e s :

w ill

la y o ff

th e

la y o ff

s h a ll

g iv e n .

7 7.

at

e x ce p t

to

la y o ff

d e p a rtm e n t

o f

an

e m p lo y e e s

w r itte n

co m p a n y

N o tice

la y o ff

76.

a

to

te m p o r a r y

exten d ed

o p e ra tin g

7

a

co m p a n y

T h e

th e

co m p a n y

h o u r s 1 p a y

N otice

to

in d e fin ite

d a te,

e m p lo y e e s :

p ro v id e d ,

te m p o r a r y

of

th e

o f

r e c a ll
16

to

even t

N o tice

g iv e

la y o ff

te m p o r a r y

p a rtm en t,

to

tim e .

te m p o r a r y

.

In

w ill

te m p o r a r y ;

h o u r s 1 n o tice

N o tice

la y o ff

in

c a s e s

n o tice ,

d u ra tio n

e m p lo y e e s

and

p r io r

to

te rm in a tio n

and

.

.

la y o ff
o r

to

the

e m ­

a m e n d m e n t

w h e re

th e

e x ce p t

in

o f

e m p lo y e e

c a s e s

o f

a
is

t e m ­

.

u n io n :

5 d a y s,

w h e re

re a s o n a b ly

p o s s ib le
T h e
la id
o f

o ff
th e

d a ys

m a n a g e m e n t
fr o m

a d v a n ce
fo rth

th e

o f

but

in

3 d a y s

h is

ow n

Digitized for g r o u p .
FRASER


the

an y

p la n t
and

a ffe cte d ,
th e

n a tu re

d u ra tio n ,
in

o f

d e p a rtm e n t

d e p a rtm e n ts

in

se ttin g

a

and

e ffe ctiv e
o f th e

even t

n o tify

th e
d ate

a ctio n

th e

d e p a rtm e n t

s h a ll

tr a n s fe r r e d
u n io n
o f

and

a ffe cte d
a fter

su ch

in

to

w r itin g

th e

o ffic e

su ch

o f

a ctio n

w h eth er

it

e m p lo y e e
n o tice

th e

e m p lo y e e

re p la ce m e n t
th e

is

to

b e fo re

o r
th e

co n te m p la te d

w h e re

s h a ll

group,

be
be
su ch

re a s o n a b ly
o f a
g iv e n

e m p lo y e e s
u n io n
a ctio n

the

a tra n s fe r

at

p o s s ib le

te m p o r a r y

o r

th e

le a st

to

d o

5

so,

p e rm a n e n t

o p p o rtu n ity
to

b e in g

d e le g a te s

to

w o rk

re p la ce m e n t

15
8

1

.

N

w

a

i

T
p
a
m
o

8

n

.

o

t
.

d

4 N

.

.

I

t

A .

.

i

.

c

A

8

r fc
t
w

r

o

5

o

o
i

n

e

e a

u eb

h

h
l

m

5

B W
n
t
a

.
o

h

e

t

h

i

n

c

e

e

e

d

n

y

p

a

o

t

r

r

8

5

CR
l

8

. e

i

6 N

g

e

.

o

i

t

I

f

n

p

n

n
n

t

i

o

s

r e

m ui

r
h
m

o

t

w
o

u
p

r

e

p

l
b

e

e
i

a

a

i

s

s

v

n
i

e m

d

e

hl

a
o

e

t

t g

r e
.

f

a

h i e . et .

ep k

a

r
o
o

d

e
m

of

f

e

s

a n

l

e

e
e

l ed

h o
8
c

s

y
u
e

e
o

f

ec

i

eT
p

m

c

o

C

l

o

d

r

i
s
hs

e



c
r

nr b
l

i

si
o

vo
e

o,
y

i

e
e

a

1

r

u-

f 0

r

e

f

f

e t

h

e
t mf

o i

v

ew n

f

s

dc

at

h ,

e e

s et

i
y

m

e e eo

o

s
n

e

iy

f

a

f

eo *

o
o

p

f

c ls

y

p
m

i
f

l
t
t

c

r
o

d

t

r

e

t

y
gr h

t

ee
p

l

a

t
g

v

c h
o
e

n

e

r

o
s

r
i

n

r

s

d

n

i
o
l
e
o
t
e
 m

a

lw
e

v
s

r

et

s

f
* u

2 ki

b

t

l

h

p

r
e

ed

l

p
t

ow

o

ec i

y

l os

e

e

A Factor Determining the Order of Layoffs

e

i

e
ea

o

v

e

e

f

y

o
s f

t

g

i

*

l

o

o

o
l

r n i

#

r

i

e

i

m

to

ra
e

n
h c
l

e

I

s

t

a h

e

e

n .

h

Seniority:

m
a
a
i

c

h

f

ls
h

t

t

W
o

u

u

n

i i t n v -

et k
,

h

o

l
t

❖

t

m

*

c

s i

c c

h

x

a
t

a r

y

a

y

u

d

l

p

e

e
p

❖

m

,

o

t

*

8

yw

a

p
a

r

en a d
o
t

i

f

s

h
le

r

c

e
r

r ue

e

o

u

id s

p
i

a

i

a f

a
t

s

n

i

y

n

p

f

e
u

e

d o

e

n

i

f

q as

e

y

o

r

d

t

d

w

e

l
s

o

s

3e

i

>

f

v

c

n

a

,

o

e

n

h

te

f

e
i

i
p

pe

e

n
i

v

N
8

.
f

f

o

l

7
r

i

f

a

£
p

f
i

a
e

t

w

y

e
te

c

r
r

a

h
oh

t

m

ey

c

t
n

o

oc

i

n

o
c

xl

l

i

f
c

h
l

n

e

o
e

s

e

h

y
p

t

p

h

t

f

e

e

e

t

e

c

c

pe

o

d
o

i

h

.

o

n

t

T
m

e

y
a

j

t

o

I

a

o

s

.

v

.

e

c

/

a

s

n

e
o

l

r

a
d

n

h

f

e

p

r
i

i

.

3 N

o

o
d

a
t

t

e

m

s

t
i

c
n

o

e
o

t

r

a

8

e

d

i
u

c

y

e

t

d

e

o

n

o

e

h
l

2 N

8

v

l

ep
a

n
r
i

n

i

t

v

n t

w

co

i
i

i
u

i ms

d

ea d

sc e
a

t

o

,

n
p e
t c
r

r

l d
o i
e

t

t

,

t

o

h

b

s

u
l
e
p vi o c r e f e o r
vn e
tc r h o i
e tm
yf
e
e
s

f
t

e

n
n

g

o
d r

p

h
w

l

f
r

mo
rd

h
e
e s
i a
a

r
t e te
n on

I

p

n

i

i

p

m
h

e ut s
l

e a i
y
r

a

a
h

n

s
s
wn

h eq a t
g nd

h.
t

e

e
y

s k t h

i

h

p
a

t

a

t
t
d

r
o

g

h

e
b

oe
n

a

h

e

a
p

is
c
d nl i i n v
f
i
i t
o
x

16

O
8

r

7

d

A

r

o

f

l

.
(

p
i
b

e

1

)

A

o

v

n

i

t
a

p

i

2

)

l

o

o

y

j

e

h

e

t

e

r

s

w

7

BI
p
w
r

n .
o
t
h t

l
i
e

c
e

y

ba

h
ih

es
e
t

r

o

ec
,

s
h

i

*

o

s n

e

g

,

7

C I
u

b
i
m

t
t

p o

r

8

h

l s

a

AI

r

n

(
(
(

1 L
2 K
3 P

l

o

)

r

e

n
o

h

e

w k
s

y

il
i

8

8

B W
T
t
m

.

h

h

e

n
l

e

h

e

f

a

t

i

e

r

8

CI
s

8

9 Q

n

.

o

e
s
s


l

u

Of

c
f
r

a

i

1 A
)
2 K
)
t
eh
o d
l e e
e
r

n



kl

, t
fe
i

a r

#

f

s

a
f

s

l

s o

­a y
r

x

r e
u

l

7
i

l

r

a

i

t
t

s

r a f

r

j

u

n

s

e

e

t
e

t

s

l
(

h 2

r

e

n

r
n
a

g
v

e

b t

e
c

sn
o

i

b

t

e

re

y

a

s

o l
g

c

o

e

f

t

lc

d

f

f

i

li

d

d

o

r
j

i

e

t

t

y

o

r
s a h

i

i

i

f

s

o
e

n

d

c

y

o

s

f

r

r

m

t
l

s n

o

r

p

a

k

fe

o n
h

l

e

e

h

o

i

y
b

n

e
a

.

i

s

g n

e

gl

n

o s
d

w
on

f i
,

e

f

p
y

f

c,
l

e
e

r

e

e

'i
f

i

a

f i

o

n

s

h

o
r

a i i
w

tn l

l n
w
i

e

o

a

e

y

a

d

i
i

i

yt

o
h

t

r
v

t c r gh o c t e n eh
e
r
e

lr

i

o

r

w cm
e

f

e

s

a

ly d
l

i
c

f ,

a

r

c

j

f:

f b
d

s

y

n fu
h
s

,

r
e

t

e

noi

f

u

y

c

i
t

yo

f

t

t

c

o

i

d

n

t

h

s

c

o

ee

n
n

a
e

w
t

t

s i
n
t

e

r

e

k

l

a

o

e

o

g

b

v

c

h
e

d

e

d d

o

g

k

ra

s

l

h

u

v

o
r

*

q

r

r e

s

r

(
(
v

r
o

o

l

r

e

o

i

a

o

a
o

L
r

i

n

t
e

c
g

l

e
.

e w

l

a

I

0 S
y
w

d

a

b
9

.

h

f

o

f

y

e

y
o

h

f

a
ls

s

f

da

f

*

t

c

n

l

i

s
e f

r

o
o

y

u

f

u

o
l

l

*

8

y

e

g

t

s

l

a

s

a
f

f

e

c
u
it b l c
a

a

o
l d d ,
a

l
a

l

l mc l
i
t
a
n

o
s

a

s
e e

*

m
o

i
t a yo c

s

nl e
c

a ee
r
p
f

t

u

h

a

o

e

t
rh t j

q

a
rd

hn
o

i

n

l

i

e s

d

r
a et i

r

s

d

s

d

e

y

t

s

i

f

c
s
t

g

n
)

i o p d

a

e

,
e

y
v

h

e

r
d

r
a

c

o

Sc
f

i

(

l
n d h
i

o nw

i

)

ni

s

a
c a

e

n iw

o

o

e

p

t

e

t
a

i
y

n

n
c

a

w
a

h

r

e

n
e

r

o

i

i

eh
e

v

t

t
e

tt

*

e
n

r

t

n .

b
s

n

e

c

e
a
a

ts

d

a

h
l

p

n

O
f
8

n .
t

t
v

h

~

l

f

o

e

*

Z
#

8

t

i

l

t

r

a
w

o

e

u

t

p

r

m i
s

e

a

s

a

p
i

d

e

m

e

y
%

8

b
e

d

e

b
r

e

o

f

c

o

h

y

f

o

r
t

r

T
i

r

p

e
a

o

r

d

s

n

i

l

e

o
o

n

l

d

h

t

(
e

y

P

r

s

a

s

, ,
e

a

e n

d
c

ti

i to

n h rt
i

a
io

n

r

i

r
t

i

c
(

e
gm a e
h

c

o

f
s

ne

v

s

f d
e

g

n

e

e

l

i
o

s e
l s ph l p al
e
i

e

s

f

e

t

n

f
n

c
a

oe v
r

h

go
y yc i

y
s

tf

a
w

,
s

h
e n ot e
a

h

e

i
d

a gr e
s

g

n

eo
r so
s

fc
f mo
i

g

17
9

1

.

Q

L

a

w

1

l

h
b
o

h

p

c
c
u

c

e

a

l

n

r
c
l

a

s

o

f

e
b

f

9

S3

.e

p

W
r

S4

.e

I
a

s
n

lh

t
o

i



i
v

a
p

tn

o r

bi

t

s

o
d

e

f
d

t

a

:

l e ni
.o

n

p

t

e

h
i

t ir

: f i

b f

eo
o

i

e

e

n
h

t
bi

r

w
td .

a e y

e r

er

da

e

t e

m

ev

r a

g
i y

v r

a

y

g

d

m i

t

u y
ee
e l t
i

el
m

l

i

l
nm
ym h p
n

o

ed

h
di l

n

e
t ae

c
y

r

np

ta

g
a

a
b

ec i

l

so l

r

c
s

l sm

i

i o o
os
p

i

l

i t

i

e

t

a

t

a

y

m r
,n
e

c y

i e
n

I

t

r

i

a i

f

i
i

m d
i

l
oc

r

u;

a

c

k
p

t

nc

e

n
m

o

a

b
t

o
o

y
le

a

h
w
c

a
h

a

t

o
l

a
n

e

t
or b

f

r
w

p
u

f

t

b
r

w
t
a

n
r

f

e
si o

s

;

t

h
ns i

t
s

o
i l

t
o

M

r

o c w
o.

—

l

e

e

e e

a
a

t
l

n

, n

a

i .

c d

e

t

h
l

i

a

t

ee
n

.
fn
s

d

g

nh

t o

e

t
r p

n

e

oe

r i
ra a
r

o

bs
t

e

t

i i

r
g

c

l

i

b

t e
e

tn

o

y
e i s

s

s
o

:
s

t

s
t

.

t h

f

wi

e
l

i

a

i

b
hn u
e

et o
h

e i

n

ua n

f

s

t
le

:

u e

f

e

e
l

r

; s
h

o
sc

i

i

ic

n

o

v

y
a

m

w

y

o
c

a
f

y a
t

y

t

S

n r

u

t

l
e

u

y t
e

J o

i

y
l l

,

a i

t

a

g c u
e

c

ul

is

ir
ay
o s
t

l
e

d

c a
o
t

n o
i

d

r

u e

r

e

e
s

,

l

e

t

e

a y

e
r

p

s
o

lr
h

r

bs

g

c

m
a

t

n

t

t
d e

e

n

e

pe

e

l
r

i p

i
t

j
n

f

h

an

i

n

l

P o

i

. h

s

d

e

v
l

t

n
a s

e
i

y

s
i

n

n s

e

p
a

r
a

i
cU
a n
r e
e l
ea
m
s j,
i op n b e
c
t i hc a f
i
s
e
u.
g p
i
n
t
h
o
f
t
h
e e
m t
h a
e y
e
r
v
e
d

i

a
e e
t t h
e

u a

v

l

ah

i

i

b

f

t

l
r

i y

n
r

. n

t

p
re

l

n

E
l

o

c

g

i n

i

e
i

n

n

D o

l

.e

y
c

h
h

6S

e

i

a

ro

l
rh
b

s y
. t.

i

a

p
t

y

a
t c

e

n
l

t

n i
w

N o
a

n

5e

e

n

i

e

o
d

e

e

t

i
i

v

y
u
n
i t A n
e o
d bp
re
a
y
b
e
i
l a y
w
l
ie
d a
o
d
u
c
t
,
nT
h
m e
a
uy
n
l
a
t m
e
ad
y
s
m
e
n
t
m
b
l
i
s
h
i
n

r

t

e
l

s

i

i

I
e
u

bi

s

W

s
s

or

i

i

h
e
S

a

J o

c

e
s

t
n
o

h

o

s

a m

e d
r
o
u

i
p

r

l

e

i

i

t

e

s

i

ra
p
i

r

r

lr
m

g

I b

g

t

f

a
t

y

t

t

n

r

. a

s

o
pe

,
e e

c
s

u

o
n

.e

a
b

p

s
b
m

a

S2

9

e f
e

n

9

i

a
e

i

a

f

n

i

h

,

e

t

e

t

r

I
n

a
h

h

d

e

i

h

n

s

s
r

e

.

y
n

d

e

W

r
e

y T
e

h

e

u

o e

a

s
r

r

t
s

m h

i

T

c

t

e

y

u

i

a

o

o

q

r

c

y
r

s

t

i

g d
a

n
o

r

s
d
w

a

a

e

ip

e

.e a

a
i

i

y
t

e k

p

o

ar
s

e

o
l

f

o

l

l
p

e

o
h

n

p

y

b

t

e

l

n

i
a

e

a
l

s

h

a

a

m
n
p

t

n e
b T

)

t

o
p

n

l

m

i

o

,
o

l

n

p

n

h
e

e h

"o

a

i

a

r
l

9

i

b

n

9

r

m
e

(

m

r
e

t

o

n

s

e

t

S T
w

r

e
o

g

e

n

r

a

s
c

e

e

o

d

n

r
v

n

e

T
e
p
o
f
c
w
l
t

e
t

s

o

o

m

e

i

o

e

i

i

m

F
x

f

s

g

d

i

f

F
l

o

T

r

f

)

n
r

l

o

l

2

a

f

k

a
(

a

)

h

a
p

o

r

(

h
t
p
t
c
b
m

y

o

s

u

o
a

n

18

9

7 S

.

e

n

i

W
l
b

h

a

i
b

(

1

h

T

e

a

k

l

t
t

E

h
h

e
a
(

9

8 S

3

.

9

o
t

i

0

e

.

S
s
c

1

t

e

0 S

p

1

e

.

I

1

0 S

a

i
t
a


V o
i

a

o

f

p

2

e

.

n

3

u.

T

t

i

p

e
e



e

b
nm n

S

l

o

s
cd s i

u

r

ef

s

it s

n
hl

i
o a

o

p

r

o

c
. b .

e

ae

i
a

h
r

i

t

p

o

l

l

a he

r

i

et

e

t y
d fc m

r

e
t
g

o

f

a
g

mg
d n
o

In
si h

n

m

de
e oa

,e
yb

g

b

o

te e

e
l

a

,

t

y

ndm e

j

m se e

a

i
i

i
e n

i

mi

et

ei
o
e

r

e ca n

i

s

ie

e

n n

m
t

u b

n
t

gt
a

p
r a
ta p e

et

i
h

l

g

i e

n

o

w
l m

u

e

t

a n
k t
i n
n
t s
yy e
n
t
.h .
e

i
1 i

r

p

u
r a
d

t

l
ey
hp ej

n

d

t

d f
n ap

r

a
o t
e td

e

t

eue r
e

y
ea
A

e

eg i

a f
e pu

.

b

g

n

a

t
al
d n i

wo

: d

i y ra

r­

p

n
pn

r

e

ec

e

i

e

s

a
a o t

r

o
r d
i . . o .
n na t
e
t
y

b

t
m

n

y i

t t f n hy e
l l y l

f

h

l
a

s

r

i of
d a

t

d
s

a

t

n

l

e
.

f

t

s

h

a

cg t

i

la

td t n h

r a i
e h

s

w
i
t
h
i
n
i r p n t e h
c
s t
e is f
tv h r
eao
t u
y
t
u
sa
h l
a
l a
l
e h
p es
o h ba n a e g l
rl i
ne p
e od

o
c l
a

e

i

nt
t

ei o
e

o

e o s

c

e

n

i ra

i a i o

D

t:

o

i n

m i
t c u

e tu

nn

i

s

r

d

l
t

y

n

t
e

ea

s

n

e

p r f
g

t

o
a

it

e e
l

l

o o

psa

a

:

r

r e
a

m

s

f
e

ch

e

n

d

t
m
i e m
m
a e
n r
i
n

i

r d

ey

r

w

mo np

,

lh
o

e

h

i

e

n

e

y

n

s
h

e

n

g i
a

r
i t n
e e

p

n n

h

e

l
p t
d

d

h o

s
l.

r

e
i

t:

t

e e

u

dh

l

h

aa

e
t

w

e

a

h

t

c

w

n
r

v

t

s

i t

h
e
m

s

t

u

o

l

e

w

,

o

e
s

.

it

i

a
h

o
e

i o l
lr
e
ah b e d i l p n e

n

f

s

i
f

o

e
nt

w

/ k
f
r at d

p
g st d

s

n

n

y

o

p

re

e

ca

y

n

y

h

l

e

o

ie
c

f ei
ep

n

.

t e i

ke e r s

w is
y e

o

u

d

e

c e

i

s
r

i

a
.

l
b

h

t

r
c

o

f

s

s

h

h

gw

hrs o

s

d

h

e

e

s

o

y

n

m

t
i

u a

e

D o

r
s
r

b

h

a

i

t

e
d

i

t:

ao t

n

t

ti

t

.l
i

y
i

i

w ee
n

u

o

o

f

l

h

o

t

fe
r

e

s

d
t n b e
i
n

io

i r

c

y
d

i

s

i

e

e

ra

l e
py t
s

ol

y

e ja
l

o

T

0 M
n

i

t

d

b

n

t

b n

e

t

n

f
a
g

1

b

t

t
r n

t

i

h

a

i

i

c
r

r

a

s
o

i

mo

o

i
l

r

r

y

o a

r

s fr
i
h b
e
a r

w

v

c
s

a
t

i

c
n

f

o
w

o
e
o
h

e
o

o

n

i
s

m

m
o

e

t

m

c

l

d
y

a

e
t

r

u

t
c

i

r
h

o

a co
n

w

c

i

e es
o

l

o

r

n

t

e
i

e

i r

s

f c
np m
v

n
e

n

t

t

e
y

e

n

ra

e

a
p e
o

r

V o

h
o

S

0 S

p

n

l

se
a

n

s

e

t

lr

l

y

dr e
n
n
a

e
t

e l
l A

W

1

e
a

i

.

cs

w

h a

i

p

n

m

e

l

s

e
n

e

e

t

n

d
tc
a

p

n a

ic f

c

i
a

o

o

u

e

d
r

a
l

o

r
e

f

t

e

t

h

i

y

m
a

v

e

p

c

o
l

i

y
s

o

e

i r

h

y

n
u
t

m

d
n

o
c

r

b

g

e
t

l

e
p

ra

i

e
e
h

i

V o

h

n

9 S

i

t

h

t
T

n

bo

x
5

n

i

a

; :

c

f

a

t

e

e

p

)

e
I

w
t
a
r
s
t

e

f

h

o

m

n

e

r

c

i p

r

o

o

u

nu

r
e

p
s

u o

f

t

m

(2)

e
f

t

t

r

e

c

e

g

v
o

d

e

)

y

e

a
j

a

t

g

m

u

bi

n

n

e

t
p

o r

e

y

s

J o

m

n
d

t
h
n n
e s

19

1

0

M 4

. u
L
i
s

v
e
1

0

l
o

. u

S

e
6

i

s

S

A

.

a

t

c

i

0

6

T

i
c

B

h

n

.

e

p

g

f s

o

n

t

e

r

i

a

m n

n

u

t

o s l

e

0

6

M C

.e

S
a
a
f
c
c

u

r
o s

o

v

o

t
f
p
c

ao
o

t

e

r

a

0

u
ee

1

0

u

.s

e

s

e

p
i

e
i

h
o

.n

i

B

o

a
sS
a

r
e
 a


.
l

a

e

g
w
l

a

a
q

rf

a
t b
u

bn
r a

e
e
a

p
n

d

l
m

f

e
f e

i

o c
f

r

w

r

ro

t

i

t

f

i

a

or
ns
o

n

r
l

n

sw
t

o

o f

d
s l
u

a
n
e
o e

i

s
i

pt

l

e he

o

r

ff

e
n

e

f

,

e

t

e
e

b

e

c

o
a

y

s
f

v
f
c

e

,e

a

a

e e

e

a

t

o

eh

y

n

n

s

o

s a

h

e
c
o

l

e
a
ai u
o
l
, l
be

o s

i
h

s
g

y

e t

l

n
c a

h s

h

n

s n
ey

t

c e

n

e

t
r td
p

o n
y o

f

o ha
no
d s
l

i

ea e

e

p

e

g
m

y

t

a
i s
p

a e

d

h

f

ar

ta
t l

e

l

e

g
tt r

r

gt

a

t

o
b

n

m

n fn

o
i

p
i

r

kn
e

t o

i

r

n
io

pi

n

w
a

i

l

,

s

ee
r

il

a

e

n

o

s

g s
t
i

ht
o m

h

e

e

m

c

e

s

a
r e a

e
f

r

e

r

ie
d
l

l

f
e

h

a j
A

h

e
t
ll

d
r

ds

ni
t

m
e

r

g

s

ss
e

e

i

h

i

y

i

t

e
s

p

a

a

e

y

t —
c

a p

l
h

d i
c
t
e

y
e

ue
p
i

s

r

.
i

e

ae

g

n .
u

o
,l

s

d

c

i

eo

e
l o

.

r o

wp

p

l

yc

n
r

t t

l
d s

t

ee e u
o
e t
ei

n

w

o

e

n

l

f t

r

n

m

x

y

a

V

ed

a
d

,
p

oe

r e
e

t

e

t

y

s

o

T

cr y d
f

es

e

r

b l
r

y

t

i

n

s

rb

l

n

te

i e
e

np o
r

e

r

i

e

l

r

t

h

m
c

j

n

t

h

e
g

l
e

l

h

a
i
o

r

w

n
f e l

o pt

t

o

a

i
m
a o

a

f

m

e e

b

h

g
e

e

i rd p
b

l

i

tp

f

t
dd

e

e

e

t

a

h

r
r h

c

f

i

i
r

r

o

U 9

s

w

t

l

l

t

m re

i

s
ne

i
m

ir

r r

e
r

a

t

h
e a

y e

g
s

n s

p

t

n
n

e

f

i

i

e

ur
n
e

i

o

a

t

e

r

m

so

g

m

i

n i
t

b r

e eu

i

a

a r

r

o

n
ao

u

n

e

e

pn

t

e

f

i

i

i
e

*

t

g
m

n

e
o

E

0

ex

n

n

h

E 8
o

er
.

s

e

f
r
p

1

n

a

d

N
t
o
t
s

d
n
t

l

*

ni

o
a
n ,h

c
a ye

t

w

e
i

wa

i p

d

o s
t

a

e

y

.s

g

e

e

l

E 7

n m
i

c

l

1

o

r

e

o
r

n

c

c

a

c s
hc

T

u

a

r i
e h

t

n
s
T r

e

d

l

s

a

p

e

p
e

n

m

o

o

e

p

.
*

1

i

r ee

d

v

n

et

o t
h

t

n

i

nl
s

e

h

n

?c
J

c

ia

u

t

l

e

ee

et

,

e

n

i

v
l r

i

f

e

l

y

l

m
le

o

t
l

e

nm

o

n

i
e a

e

o

e

eu

h i

y r

p
t

o

d

tg

i

p

o
Md

r

e

i

s

;|
c

1

a

s

y

g

e

wt
t

n

r

n

yr

o

o

e

n

p

gt
a

e

n
u

e

o

i

i

n

i t

o

a

d

m

r

d

s

c

n n

i

r

gn

h

p

r

o
a

e a

t

e

it

n a

s
l

p

a

nn

o
i

p

e

p

ea

m

m
l

e

r

A

n

e
c

a

l

l

a

t

h
g

S

b

l

x

0

o
a

T

p
a

i
t

M 5

i

c

s

E
a

1

t

i

s ec
r
t­

s
e t
h

d

i

o

v

e

m u
ni
t i
to
n T
i
h o
er
lrd o k
n i
g n
d
o
t

s
e
i

20

1

1

0

.

I
f
f
x

o
o
e
t
m
1

F

n

a

f
v
o

1 U
a

1

n

n .

i

v

T
r

g

o

(
f
w
n

1

T

o

)

i

l
)

2
T

t
p
t
c

a

1 S

f

c

a

i

t

s

1 T

f

u

p

x
a
e
e

5

c

e
e

a

r

i
o

o

n

d
r




v

h w

i

o

d

v

s

i

t

ov

x

h
d

e
f

y

e
e

m e

o

ar

c

pe s

h

y

s
a

e

t
n

h y

T

v

as i 1 d y

i
o

co

i

a

ei

r
i

l

i
n e

r

n

o

e

e

h

o

s
h

n

a

f

s

e

i

k
e a b

hv h en

v

n
p

i
w

e

l e

o

f

l

i t

i

rey sd

l

i e e

t

h
a

a n y

r i

s
t t h e
e w
al
i ey s f
oe e
c an
t Tc i r h u o h , e pr s
i
o
r
i
t
y
i fc n e e s r s t e . e n
w t
y
e
e
w

t

a

t

i

v

e
p
n x

f
f

r
t

t

str

no

r h et t
y c

t
t

wr
e
f au d
l m
t
o
t
o a h nh
tv e ei
oi r
e
s e c h ad
a
t

a

a
a th
r

n

n
nr
c

h
s

e

e e
ad
e

e

s

e

d

s
i

p s
n

tb
o

h
eo
i h pe n
r

l , h o
oo y
h
eo
o g
r
c y t t i
h
a
k

r

o
os
fe
u be t
c h ne
h a ir
a
l
p
d r n ie
tu d
y m
a t s lo e l t 1 , a 0
t
h
e

t

x r
i r

o

s

s

y

p
t

f

te

r

o y y e e f o e s m f a f p wr s
c
o e
f r
s
t
t
de
u e
r,
i
n
r
e e
s s
p p
e e b c
h
e
r
t
f
w
o
r
i

y

a

d eo

r
o

t

o

i

s

p
o h
s

,

o

r

hi t

m
c

i

r h

g

o g n

l

a e
f s

k

e s

u
n
n

a e

u
n o

g

i

s

g

i i
n

l

yl 1
fr

(

vet

e
e

e

m

o

h

p

o
eo

c

ov

n m
m

S

e

a

t

n
r s

i

r
h p

si o t v e

s

t

i

y i
r i

c
i
u

k

t

i

d rt r

f f l
b
a

hm

n

o k
t

e

eo p o

n

e

it
t

n

w

t

E

t

n
n

e

s

l

t n

r
r

s

os

d

e

a

m

e

p

a

h

r

o

a

s

e

i

ee

r

l s
c

a
a

r .

h

t

o

e

v
p
p

m

i

o
m

o

o

t
n

n

i

r

i

r

e
e

u

e c
r h
s i
e
of
f
i r t t o y h u h e p ai1
rv
a
l
s
e
n
n ce
t gg
i u o
pl f n
a ro
re r
e
m
p
l
o

p

c

r

p

s

n

p

s

e

m

e

m

e

t

e
f

.

n

g

e

i
Ru i

g

n

f

4

a

i

r

t

s

e

n

t

g

T
t
p
w

i

c
r g

f

dk

r
c

i

o

w
e

e

e ea p

c
n

e

e

n

h

pt t

8i
o

n

n
i

v

E

1

o

f

e r
a

n

s

i
o

i

l

e

i

c

un n

i

e

e

v

r

f

ro

u

t

i

as e

n

r

n

i

e t

w

i
r

I
e

r
e
h
d
d

s

s

n .
e

s

r s

s

c

h
h

g e

e

u

3

r

i

a

s

1

e

c

o

l

o

t
l
a
o

n

e

e
r

u

v

o

c

a

a

0

i c

f
i

i

c

e

n

f

t

y

o

o
t

n
n

n
k

o

0

p
e

w

o p

h

h

o

e
r

l

d
s

b

ie

i

m

s

n .r

v
t

t

a

r

f

.

n
l

1

o

e

o

c

r

r

o
j

o

o

t

o
o

s

a

h

r
e

h
a

p

N

1 U
s

p
b

T

a

1 U

l
c

p

u

t

o

o

r

o

r

d

e

p
t

a

l

2

m

e

m

e

o
d

e

u
(

1

h

r

d

1

c
e

e

e
s

w

e

n
o

o

r

e

h

h

i

p

l

i
a

r

e

b

p

n
e

b

,

T
e

m

t
n

e
l

r
a

u

g
o

.
p

t

n
i

t

n

n

i
n

t

h

l

n

s
n
a

i

a

y

,
e

o

a

d

u

e
t
s
t

e

l

e

c
s

e

p

h

i
i

x

p

t

i

i

s
rn e
s

ot
o
,

b
o p
t

nl

s

a

rn
e

u

f
v
n

k

p
o io m f t t
s
i
e
r
t e e ,
m
i
m

p

l
l
h
i s
e
n
w c
e g yr r , u e i s d o s e u d h
w
o
r
k

21
1

1 T
m

6

r .
o

a

T
m
w
e
a
3

1

p

s

8

i .

a

a
n
t

s
i

r

i

n

L
o
i

s
i

i

1 W
t

n o

.o
m

i

m

2 W
r

a e

I

,

u
s

d
e
e
m
c
o
E
x
e
Digitized for dFRASER

no

r

E

x

t

c

g
n

ie
e

e



r a

e

T e
g

m
t
m

i

hn
e e
i

ec
n
n

c

k

e

o

S

n

o

s

e
ei

i
e fn

i nf
o y

o
u

e

i

n

t S
o

e

r

r

”

m o a

t
i

t et s

t

i

r

a

i

w
e aoo

i

gn

Um
o
t ri d h n c i e e u t
ma s
s h s
oi m
t
h
e
d
e
r

eo e

m

f

e

m

s
t

h
e h

i

o

s e
r
d im
t r

fs

d

r
r s gs b

e g

r

o

i

x

e
Ii s n l
y cy
e ce
t
s

y

m i
e

i

e
h

t

o hd
f

o

ot

l
g

i

t

w

s

p m

t
b

s

r

rm u
r
c o
i

l

w
f t i h l o u n ea

e

coe

r

ce n c

e
e

o d
o

et

sr c

s

k
ad

hn
r

e a tt

h

df c
t

d

r

a

m
t

c

n

e

m l

i

s

ts

i

e

y

a
i

so i b

nl
e

e

ot

hl

d

tx t

r

f n ti

s
h

u

d
el

f

y

l

l

g

s
e

e r

t

e b

e

c
s

a i
d

d

e

d

e

i a ai

u

s

t
o

y

i i
e a

n:m

u
x

h

o

n

h

s

o

l
ws y

p

e

n
sy
g c

r n
o

i

vh

t

l

e

u c

c cs l

e

S

m
n

d
d

h

gu

e us

e
r

f

i ss

q

u

i

n

i

s

i

t

i

p
r

a

o
d

s

l

e

e

ed

a

e

f

t

n

l

b f

e

r

e

r

r

er ,

p
,v i
it
l e y i
r
i

o

a

a

u w

p

s

o

l
e t c

p

m

r
t

b r

e

r

e

t

e

m

p
y r
w

b

e

a

f

a
at

f

e

i

mo

l mp
o

c
i

g

f

r

cu s

h

s

i

a

y

o

e d
' ry ’

y

o j

s
p

y c

o

g
r
g

m

c

e

n

ns
r

a

h

n

o
d o

t

e

w s

e
a

e

c

eo f

t

i
t

h
c

n

r

ae
a

e
m
ir r o o y o r
o a
n
l
i
o

na p n
fm
n

d

b
r

W
a
i

f

^
r

u

o

e

N
g

ah
s

tr

w

o

- s

e

er

o F

n

n lc

s

o

t

e

l

l

ne

m

h

na i

s

a

s

e

os d

y s

e

fd

n

o

m
r

o

r

g

e

l

p n

a n
r
h
s e

f

a

i

m.
e

f

a

a

sl

o 0

c ,

n

m
m

I

T

o

e

e

h

l

n

d

y

w

p

e.

r t
y

e

e

a

e

m
.

a

fe

m

e

e

i

e

e

t
n

f

d
b

y

v

m

s

r

y

no

o

f

e

e

n

o

l

o

i
a

e

n
a i

l
e

h

e

r

p
y

h

y

nl
k

l
y

t

h

n

m

e

o

t

o

e

e

F
t s
a
h

a
c
t

l

-

o

a

y

d

e

F

f

a
o

c h

o

ep
c

a

i

e

s

b f e

n

t

a

s
l

e

l
h

e

h

t
t

p

r

a

iu

d

s

l

e

c

d f

d

o

a

m

h

o

y

e

s
r

e

e

9

o

e

s

k

e

l

o

0
n

e

d
f

p

h

e
r

e

m

c
t

t

s

w S
1

u

o

m
t

t

t

e

l

n

e

e

l

e

p

t

a

f

h

p
e

v

m

w

f

y

t

m

e

p

y
e

e

n

s

b

n

i
e

o

f
t

e

m

n

h

d

i
f

s

v

e

a

c

o
s

e

l

d

E

1

p
o

x

p
u

h

l

k

y

m

m
t

b

r

n

y
l

n

m

a

o
v

a

a

e

s

o
t

o

o

l
a

1

l
o

m

1 D
e

a

c
a

t

E

s

s

h

i .

e
s

t

t

m

7

e
h

e
n

i

w
l
a

w
w
l

n
t

h
e

1 D

1

i
n

o
o o r

h
u

r c

o
t

t c

a u

e s
o a
d
e
r
o c c as n o o b t ysn
v ya . t
e n
ua t
fa t a
a te g i i r e ol
u
s
e
s
p
e
c

22

121.

S e n io r it y p r o v i s i o n s in a p p lic a b le w h en l a y o f f s a r e

c a u s e d b y an e m e r g e n c y

T h e £s’e n io r i t x / p r o v i s i o n s o f th is a r t i c l e s h a ll be s u s p e n d e d and s h a ll n ot a p p ly in
th e c a s e o f a f o r c e s u r p lu s b r o u g h t a b o u t b y an e m e r g e n c y o v e r w h ich the c o m p a n y
h a s n o c o n t r o l o r a d v a n c e n o t i c e , and w h ich r e s u lt s in a su d d en d r o p in the w o r k lo a d ,
e x c e p t th a t, in so fa r a s p o s s i b l e , the c o m p a n y w ill be g u id e d by s e n io r it y in m a k in g
la y o ffs .

122.

S e n io r it y p r o v i s i o n s in a p p lic a b le in d e te r m in in g the o r d e r o f l a y o f f d u r in g a t e m p o r a r y
r e d u c t io n in o p e r a t io n s
In the a p p lic a t io n o f th e s e n io r it y p r o v i s io n s o f th is a r t i c l e , a la y o f f s h a ll be c o n ­
s id e r e d an in t e r r u p t io n o f e m p lo y m e n t c a u s e d b y a r e d u c t io n in f o r c e due to a r e d u c t io n
in r e g u la r o p e r a t in g s c h e d u le s , a s d is t in c t f r o m t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s w h ich a r e d u e to
m a t e r i a l s h o r t a g e , e q u ip m e n t f a i lu r e , p o w e r f a i l u r e , l a b o r d is p u te , o r o th e r s im i la r
c i r c u m s t a n c e s w h ic h c a u s e a t e m p o r a r y c e s s a t io n o r r e d u c t io n in o p e r a t io n s o f s u ch
n a tu r e that a p p lic a t io n o f th e r e g u la r s e n io r it y p r o v i s io n s w o u ld n ot be f e a s i b l e .

123.

D e p a r tu r e f r o m s e n io r it y p r o c e d u r e s jo in t ly d e t e r m in e d b y the c o m p a n y and u n ion d u r in g
s la c k p e r i o d s
It is r e c o g n i z e d that it m a y b e c o m e n e c e s s a r y s p e c i f i c a l l y in t i m e s o f r e d u c e d
b u s i n e s s v o lu m e , f o r a d e p a r t u r e f r o m s t r i c t in t e r p r e t a t io n o f s e n io r it y a s h e r e i n d e ­
fin e d in o r d e r to m a in ta in o p e r a tin g e f f i c i e n c y and a v o id l o s s e s w h ic h m a y je o p a r d i z e
th e e x i s t e n c e o f th e c o m p a n y and th e liv e lih o o d o f it s e m p lo y e e s . S h ou ld s u ch c o u r s e
b e c o m e n e c e s s a r y , the m a n a g e m e n t w ill d i s c u s s and n e g o tia te s a m e w ith the sh op b a r ­
g a in in g c o m m it t e e to the b e s t in t e r e s t o f a ll.

124.

C o m p a n y n o t i f i e s u n ion r e p r e s e n t a t iv e b e f o r e d e p a r tin g f r o m
e v e n t o f la y o f f

s e n io r it y p r o c e d u r e s in the

T h e c o m p a n y r e c o g n i z e s the p r i n c ip l e o f s e n io r it y and in a c c o r d a n c e t h e r e w ith in
th e e v e n t that it b e c o m e s n e c e s s a r y to r e d u c e th e n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g , th o s e
e m p lo y e e s la s t h ir e d in e a c h d e p a r tm e n t s h a ll be la id o f f f i r s t , and in r e h ir in g , e m ­
p lo y e e s w h o w e r e r e g u la r e m p lo y e e s at the t im e o f t h e ir l a y o f f s h a ll b e r e s t o r e d to
w o r k in e a c h d e p a r tm e n t in th e r e v e r s e o r d e r in w h ich th e y w e r e la id o ff; p r o v i d e d ,
h o w e v e r , that in c a s e any d e p a r t u r e s f r o m th e s t r i c t p r i n c ip l e o f s e n io r it y a r e n e c e s ­
s a r y , th e c o m p a n y , w h en c o n s is t e n t w ith the p r o p e r and e f fi c i e n t o p e r a t io n o f th e c o m ­
p a n y , s h a ll g iv e th e a p p r o p r ia t e d e p a r t m e n t s sh op s te w a r d at le a s t 24 h o u r s 1 n o t i c e .

125.

If p a r t ie s f a il to a g r e e on d e p a r tu r e f r o m s e n io r it y p r o c e d u r e s in d e te r m in in g o r d e r
l a y o f f , d i f f e r e n c e s a r e s u b m itte d to a r b it r a t io n
In the ev en t th e e m p lo y e r c l a im s that th e
o f p r o d u c t io n r e q u ir e s an e x c e p t io n to any o f
c la u s e in any s p e c i f i c in s t a n c e , the e m p lo y e r
e x c e p t io n in any s u ch s p e c i f i c in s t a n c e s and
s h a ll b e s u b m itte d to a r b it r a t io n . . .

of

m a in te n a n c e o f the e m p l o y e r 1s s ta n d a r d s
the f o r e g o i n g p r o v i s io n s o f the s e n io r it y
m a y r e q u e s t the u n io n f o r an a p p r o p r ia t e
i f n o a g r e e m e n t is r e a c h e d , th e m a tte r

Short-Term or Temporary Layoffs Defined
A d is t in c t io n is fr e q u e n t ly m a d e in c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s b e tw e e n l o n g ­
t e r m o r in d e fin ite r e d u c t io n s in f o r c e c a u s e d b y s e v e r e b u s in e s s flu c t u a tio n s and l a y o f f s o f
a s h o r t - t e r m o r lim it e d d u r a t io n a r is in g f r o m t e m p o r a r y f a c t o r s . A g r e e m e n t p r o v i s io n s m a y
r e q u ir e that t e m p o r a r y a d ju s tm e n ts in the w o r k f o r c e b e m a d e in the s a m e m a n n e r a s p r e ­
s c r ib e d fo r lo n g e r la y o ffs .
O th e r s m a y p r o v id e f o r a ch a n g e in the r e g u la r s e n io r it y p r o ­
v i s io n s , e . g . , b y lim it in g l a y o f f s to the un it w h e r e w o r k is t e m p o r a r i l y s la c k . T h e a g r e e ­
m e n t m a y p r o v id e f o r th e s u s p e n s io n o f s e n io r it y r u l e s , p e r m it t in g l a y o f f s to c o n f o r m to
c o m p a n y r e q u ir e m e n t s .
D e fin it io n s o f t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s v a r y c o n s i d e r a b ly in a g r e e m e n t s ;
g e n e r a lly , h o w e v e r , th e y a r e lim it e d to a b o u t a w e e k o r l e s s .




23

126.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

U n d e fin e d d u r a tio n

T h e p r o v i s i o n s o f th is a r t i c l e r e g a r d in g the l a y o f f and r e c a l l o f e m p lo y e e s a r e
in te n d e d to a p p ly o n ly to r e d u c t io n s in the w o r k in g f o r c e f o r an e x te n d e d p e r i o d o f
tim e .
S u ch p r o v i s i o n s s h a ll not be a p p lic a b le to r e d u c t io n s in the w o r k in g f o r c e due
to m a t e r ia l s h o r t a g e s , m a c h in e b r e a k d o w n s , c o n d it io n s o u ts id e th e c o m p a n y l s p la n ts ,
in t r o d u c t io n o f o r ch a n g e in m o d e ls , o r o th e r c a u s e s o f a t e m p o r a r y n a t u r e .
In the
e v e n t o f a r e d u c t io n in the w o r k in g f o r c e due to su ch c a u s e s , e m p lo y e e s m a y be la id
o f f t e m p o r a r i l y a c c o r d i n g to th e n e e d s d e t e r m in e d b y th e c o m p a n y .
127.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

N ot e x c e e d in g 2 d a y s

In the ev e n t o f a l a y o f f n ot e x c e e d in g 2 d a y s , th e ju n io r e m p lo y e e in th e c l a s s i f i c a ­
tio n in the r o o m s h a ll b e la id o f f . T h is p a r a g r a p h i s n o t in te n d e d to b e u s e d f o r p u r ­
p o s e s of a g e n e ra l la y o ff.
128.

T e m p o r a r y la y o ff:
p lo y e e is la id o f f;
co n tra ct y e a r

N ot o v e r 2 fu ll c o n s e c u t iv e d a y s p lu s the p a r t o f th e d a y the e m ­
t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s not to e x c e e d 80 h o u r s f o r any w o r k e r in e a c h

In e m e r g e n c i e s , t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s m a y la s t n o t m o r e than 2 fu ll c o n s e c u t i v e d a y s
p lu s the p o r t io n o f a d a y th e e m p lo y e e is t e m p o r a r i l y la id o f f, b e f o r e c o m p ly in g w ith
the . . . l a y o f f p r o v i s i o n s .
T h e u n io n r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s h a ll b e n o t ifie d o f e a c h t e m ­
p o r a r y la y o f f b e f o r e it o c c u r s . S u ch t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s s h a ll n ot e x c e e d 80 h o u r s f o r
a ny e m p lo y e e in e a c h c o n t r a c t y e a r and a ft e r 80 h o u r s the c o m p a n y is r e q u ir e d to
c o m p ly w ith the . . . l a y o f f p r o v i s i o n s .
129.

T em p ora ry la y o ff:

N ot o v e r 6 w o r k in g d a y s

In c a s e o f t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s n ot e x c e e d in g 6 w o r k in g d a y s , e m p lo y e e s m a y b e la id
o f f in i n v e r s e o r d e r o f s e n io r it y f r o m the o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in th e d e p a r tm e n t
and b u ild in g a f f e c t e d .
130.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

N ot m o r e than 7 c a le n d a r d a y s

In the e v e n t that it is n e c e s s a r y to m a k e a r e d u c t io n in f o r c e in any d e p a r tm e n t
w h ic h is not e x p e c t e d to ex ten d b e y o n d 7 c a le n d a r d a y s , e m p lo y e e s m a y b e g iv e n t e m ­
p o r a r y l a y o f f s n ot to e x c e e d 7 c a le n d a r d a y s .
S u ch t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s s h a ll b e m a d e
a c c o r d in g to s e n io r it y a m o n g e m p lo y e e s w h o p e r f o r m w o r k on th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a ­
tio n w ith in a g r o u p and on th e s a m e s h ift; p r o v id e d , h o w e v e r , that s u ch an e m p lo y e e
i s q u a lifie d to p e r f o r m the w o r k w ith ou t any tr a in in g p e r i o d .
If d u r in g a t e m p o r a r y
la y o f f w o r k p e r f o r m e d on d iffe r e n t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s m u s t b e c o m b in e d , s u ch w o r k w ill
b e p e r f o r m e d b y th e e m p lo y e e w ith the m o s t s e n io r it y h o ld in g a jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in ­
v o lv e d in s u ch c o m b in a t io n , p r o v id e d su ch an e m p lo y e e is q u a lifie d to p e r f o r m the w o r k
w ith ou t any tr a in in g p e r i o d .
131.

T em p o ra ry la y o ff;

N ot to e x c e e d

10 w o r k in g d a y s

If a l a y o f f o f a t e m p o r a r y n a tu r e o c c u r s n ot to e x c e e d 10 w o r k in g d a y s , th e c o m ­
p an y r e t a in s the r ig h t to t r a n s f e r th e e m p lo y e e a f f e c t e d w ith in th e s e c t i o n o r to p la c e
h im in o th e r jo b s a s the c a s e m a y b e .
U n d er su ch c i r c u m s t a n c e s the e m p lo y e e w ill
b e r e q u ir e d to r e t u r n to h is o r ig in a l s e c t io n and jo b w h en w o r k r e s u m e s .
132.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

N ot o v e r

10 c a le n d a r d a y s w ith o u t c o n s u lt a t io n w ith u n ion

No t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s h a ll e x c e e d 10 c a le n d a r d a y s w ith ou t c o n s u lt a t io n
u n ion a s to th e f e a s i b i l i t y o f a p p ly in g the r e g u la r s e n io r it y p r o v i s i o n s .
133.

T e m p o r a r y la y o ff:
a m ou n t o f t im e

P r o v is io n fo r

e x te n d in g o r i g i n a l p e r i o d

w ith the

o f 5 w o r k in g d a y s b y a lik e

T e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s w ill n ot n o r m a lly e x c e e d 5 w o r k in g d a y s .
H o w e v e r , i f it is
a p p a r e n t to th e c o m p a n y and the u n ion that the c o n d it io n c a u s in g th e t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f
w ill be c o r r e c t e d w ith in an a d d itio n a l 5 w o r k in g d a y s , the p e r i o d o f t e m p o r a r y la y o f f
m a y be e x te n d e d b y th is a m o u n t.
If the s itu a tio n h a s not b e e n c o r r e c t e d at the t e r ­
m in a tio n o f the 5 - o r 1 0 -d a y p e r i o d s o u tlin e d a b o v e , the a ff e c t e d e m p lo y e e o r e m ­
p
 l o y e e s w ill th en e x e r c i s e t h e ir r ig h ts u n d e r the r e d u c t io n in f o r c e p r o c e d u r e .


24
134.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

L e s s than

1 w eek

at a t im e ,

n ot o v e r

15

w o r k in g d a y s

per year

W hen due to m a n u fa c tu r in g i r r e g u l a r i t i e s (m a n u fa c tu r in g i r r e g u l a r i t i e s s h a ll m e a n
la c k o f o r d e f e c t iv e m a t e r i a l ; o r m a c h in e , t o o l , o r e q u ip m e n t b r e a k d o w n ; a n d /o r o th e r
c i r c u m s t a n c e s b e y o n d the c o n t r o l o f th e c o m p a n y ) t h e r e a r e s h o r t , t e m p o r a r y e m e r ­
g e n c y la y o f f s o r t r a n s f e r s o f s o m e o f th e p e o p le in any g r o u p , s u ch l a y o f f s o r t r a n s f e r s
w ill b e m a d e in the b e s t m a n n e r s o th at th e r e d u c e d p r o d u c t io n c a n be m a in ta in e d
w ith s e n io r it y to p r e v a il w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e . S u ch l a y o f f s o r t r a n s f e r s s h o u ld be l e s s
th an 1 w e e k and s h o u ld n ot e x c e e d 15 w o r k in g d a y s p e r y e a r . If a b u s e o f th is c la u s e
i s p r o v e d , the e m p lo y e e s w ill b e p a id f o r the t im e u n ju s tly l o s t at th e g r o u p r a t e .

135.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

N ot to e x c e e d 30 d a y s 1 p r o b a b le d u r a tio n

F o r t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f s , w h ic h in the ju d g m e n t o f th e c o m p a n y a r e n ot to e x c e e d
30 d a y s 1 p r o b a b le d u r a t io n , th e e m p lo y e e s in the d e p a r tm e n t a ff e c t e d w ill be la id o f f
a c c o r d in g to t h e ir s e n io r it y w ith in the jo b o c c u p a t io n in s u ch d e p a r tm e n t . If s u ch l a y o f f
sh o u ld e x te n d b e y o n d 30 d a y s 1 d u r a tio n , o r i f w ith in su ch 30 d a y s it is d e t e r m in e d that
the t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f is to b e o f e x te n d e d d u r a t io n , th e e m p lo y e e s la id o f f in s u ch d e ­
p a r tm e n t s h a ll b e p r o c e s s e d f o r l a y o f f in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the p r o v i s i o n s o f th is s e c t i o n .

136.

T e m p o r a r y la y o ff:

N ot to e x c e e d 45 d a y s

F o r c e a d ju s tm e n t
th an t e m p o r a r y l a y o f f
to d ia l o p e r a t io n , o r
u n fo r e s e e n c o n d it io n s

137.

T e m p o ra ry la y o ff:

s h a ll m e a n the la y in g o f f a n d /o r p a r t - t im i n g o f e m p lo y e e s , o th e r
n ot to e x c e e d 45 d a y s , a s m a y b e n e c e s s a r y d ue to c o n v e r s i o n
due to c h a n g e s in g e n e r a l e c o n o m i c c o n d it io n s , o r due to o th e r
o r e m e r g e n c i e s in th e n o r m a l c o u r s e o f o p e r a t io n s .

1 yea r or le s s

T e m p o r a r y l a y o f f ( l y e a r o r l e s s ) s h a ll n ot a f f e c t the s e n io r it y sta n d in g . D u rin g
an in d e fin ite l a y o f f (m o r e than 1 y e a r ) s e n io r it y s h a ll n ot a c c u m u la t e but e m p lo y e e s
s h a ll n ot l o s e s e n io r it y a lr e a d y e a r n e d .
Bumping
T h e g e n e r a l p u r p o s e o f a s e n io r it y r u le is to a s s u r e th e r e t e n t io n o f s e n io r e m ­
p l o y e e s d u r in g r e d u c t io n s in f o r c e .
H o w e v e r , the im p a c t o f c u r t a ile d e m p lo y m e n t and th e
c o m p o s it io n o f the w o r k f o r c e in t e r m s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e m a y v a r y a m o n g the d if fe r e n t
o c c u p a t io n s and d e p a r tm e n t s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
C o n s e q u e n t ly , a l o n g - s e r v i c e e m p lo y e e
m a y b e s c h e d u le d f o r l a y o f f b e c a u s e — f o r th e t im e at l e a s t — h is jo b i s n o l o n g e r n e c e s s a r y
to p la n t o p e r a t io n s , w h ile at the s a m e tim e a ju n io r e m p lo y e e d o in g a n e c e s s a r y jo b is s c h e d ­
u le d f o r r e t e n t io n .
T h e c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t , t h e r e f o r e , m a y g r a n t th e s e n io r
e m p lo y e e the r ig h t to " b u m p " the ju n io r e m p lo y e e , d is p la c in g h im and ta k in g o v e r h is j o b .
In tu r n , th e d is p la c e d w o r k e r ca n b um p s o m e o th e r e m p lo y e e w ith s t ill l e s s s e n io r it y than
h is o w n . B u m p in g m a y o c c u r w ith in th e s e n io r it y unit e s t a b lis h e d f o r la y o f f p u r p o s e s o r cu t
a c r o s s s e n io r it y u n its , d e p e n d in g on the b u m p in g r ig h ts p r o v i d e d b y the c o n t r a c t . In g e n e r a l
u s a g e , b u m p in g i m p l ie s la t e r a l t r a n s f e r o r d e m o t io n . H o w e v e r , in s o m e i n s t a n c e s , b u m p in g
u p w a rd is p e r m it t e d .
T h e a g r e e m e n t m a y a llo w b u m p in g o n ly in
m a y a l s o p e r m it b u m p in g in s h o r t - t e r m l a y o f f s .

th e c a s e

o f an in d e fin ite l a y o f f ,

o r it

E v e n th ou gh a s e n io r e m p lo y e e m a y h av e s u ffic ie n t le n g th o f s e r v i c e , h e m u s t
s o m e t i m e s s a t is fy a d d itio n a l c r i t e r i a u n d e r the t e r m s o f th e a g r e e m e n t in o r d e r to d is p l a c e
a ju n io r e m p lo y e e .
F o r e x a m p le : ( l ) T h e s e n io r w o r k e r m u s t b e q u a lifie d im m e d ia t e ly o r
w ith in a s h o r t t r a in in g p e r i o d to d o the w o r k ; (2 ) sta te d s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s m u s t b e m e t;
o r (3) b u m p in g is p e r m it t e d o n ly to j o b s f o r m e r l y h e ld o r to u n its w ith in w h ic h th e e m p lo y e e
h a s p r e v i o u s l y w o r k e d . O c c a s i o n a l ly , an a g r e e m e n t c la u s e w h ich p r o v i d e s b u m p in g p r i v i l e g e s
a ls o s ta te s th at c e r t a in ty p e s o f e m p lo y e e s , s u ch a s s p e c i a l i s t s , m a y n o t b e b u m p e d f r o m
t h e ir j o b s .



25

138.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d in c a s e o f a p e r m a n e n t la y o f f
S e n io r it y s h a ll e n title an e m p lo y e e to a jo b b y d e p a r tm e n t , d iv i s io n , o r p la n tw id e
in c a s e o f a p e r m a n e n t l a y o f f , p r o v id in g he h a s th e a b ilit y to do the a v a ila b le jo b , and
the d is p l a c e d e m p lo y e e w ill r e p l a c e th e e m p lo y e e w ith the l e a s t s e n io r it y f i r s t in h is
d e p a r tm e n t , th en d iv is io n , th en p la n tw id e . . .

139.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d , ty p e o f l a y o f f n ot s p e c if ie d
I f an e m p lo y e e w h o is la id o f f and w h o h a s e s t a b lis h e d s e n io r it y a p p lie s f o r w o r k
at the p la n t e m p lo y m e n t o f f i c e , th e c o m p a n y w ill e it h e r :
(1 )
O ffe r h im
(2)
O ffe r h im
p a r tm e n t s e n io r it y
(3 )
O f fe r h im
h a s n ot e s t a b lis h e d

140.

e m p lo y m e n t a s a r e p la c e m e n t i f a r e p la c e m e n t is n e e d e d , o r
e m p lo y m e n t in a d e p a r tm e n t w h e r e w o r k is a v a ila b le and th e d e ­
l i s t is e x h a u s te d , o r
th e p r i v i l e g e o f d is p la c in g an e m p lo y e e in a n o t h e r d e p a r tm e n t w ho
s e n io r it y

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d in b oth t e m p o r a r y a n d p e r m a n e n t l a y o f f
A n e m p lo y e e la id o f f t e m p o r a r i l y o r p e r m a n e n t ly m a y e x e r c i s e h is s e n io r it y o v e r
the e m p lo y e e w ith the l e a s t s e n io r it y in an y d e p a r tm e n t w h o s e w o r k he is c a p a b le o f
h a n d lin g , a c c o r d i n g to the f o llo w in g :
(1 ) In any c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in w h ic h th e e m p lo y e e h a s had p r e v i o u s e x p e r i e n c e , o r
i f h is d e p a r tm e n t is d is c o n t in u e d he m a y e x e r c i s e h is s e n io r it y a ft e r h a v in g b e e n la id
o f f f o r 5 w o r k in g d a y s .
(2)
In a n y c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o th e r than that in w h ic h th e e m p lo y e e h a s p r e v i o u s e x ­
p e r i e n c e , he m a y e x e r c i s e h is s e n io r it y a ft e r h a v in g b e e n la id o f f f o r 10 w o r k in g d a y s .

141.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d

s o le l y on the b a s is o f s e n io r it y

In th e e v e n t o f a l a y o f f in any d e p a r tm e n t c o n s is t in g o f m o r e th an o n e c l a s s i f i c a ­
t io n , if an e m p lo y e e in a h ig h e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s h a ll f i r s t b e a f f e c t e d b y s u ch la y o f f ,
s u ch e m p lo y e e a f f e c t e d , h a v in g d e p a r tm e n t a l s e n io r it y s h a ll h a v e th e o p tio n to be
r e v e r t e d to th e n ex t l o w e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in th at d e p a r tm e n t in a c c o r d a n c e w ith h is
d e p a r tm e n t a l s e n io r it y o r a c c e p t s e v e r a n c e p a y and the e m p lo y e e fin a lly d is p la c e d
s h a ll b e la id o f f.
B u m p in g p e r m it t e d if s e n io r e m p lo y e e is q u a lifie d f o r the jo b
142A .

W h en fu r lo u g h s a r e d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y b y th e e m p lo y e r , th e y s h a ll b e m a d e w ith ou t
d is c r im i n a t io n in a c c o r d a n c e w ith th e s e n io r it y p r o v i s i o n s o f th is a g r e e m e n t .
E m p lo y e e s

s o fu r lo u g h e d s h a ll h a v e the fo llo w in g c h o i c e s :

(1)
A c c e p t fu r lo u g h
(2)
If q u a lifie d , and i f the r e q u e s t is m a d e w ith in 48 h o u r s o f p o s t in g the f u r ­
lo u g h n o t i c e , e x e r c i s e h is s e n io r it y and b u m p in to the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f h is c h o i c e :
(a )
(b)

W ith in the s e n io r it y a r e a f r o m w h ich h e w a s fu r lo u g h e d
W ith in any o th e r s e n io r it y a r e a w h e r e h e r e t a in s e a r n e d s e n io r it y
>c
J

sje

sjc

S e n io r it y s h a ll p r e v a il w ith in d e p a r tm e n t s in a ll c a s e s o f l a y o f f s and in a ll c a s e s
o f d is p la c e m e n t s in c id e n t to a l a y o f f o r r e d u c t io n in th e w o r k in g f o r c e , p r o v i d e d the
e m p lo y e e is q u a lifie d to p e r f o r m th e w o r k . T h e c o m p a n y s h a ll n o t, h o w e v e r , q u e s tio n
th e q u a lific a t io n s o f a ny e m p lo y e e , f o r any jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n f o r w h ic h the e m p lo y e e
h a s p r e v i o u s l y q u a lifie d .
A n e m p lo y e e la id o f f f r o m a jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n m a y b u m p
in to th e n e x t h ig h e s t jo b f o r w h ich he h a s p r e v i o u s l y q u a lifie d , o r in to a ny u n s k ille d
 jo b in th e d e p a r tm e n t on the b a s is o f h is o r h e r s e n io r it y .
142B .



26
143.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d if s e n io r e m p lo y e e is c a p a b le o f p e r f o r m i n g th e jo b w ith o u t fu r t h e r
tr a in in g
If fu r th e r r e d u c t io n s a r e n e c e s s a r y , e a c h s u r p lu s e m p lo y e e in the a ff e c t e d d e p a r t ­
m e n t o r c r a f t g r o u p w h o h a s the le a s t p la n t s e n io r it y w ill b e o f f e r e d a t r a n s f e r to
a n o th e r d e p a r tm e n t o r c r a f t g r o u p to r e p l a c e that e m p lo y e e w ith th e l e a s t p la n t s e n io r it y
w h o s e jo b he is c o m p e te n t to p e r f o r m w ith ou t a ny fu r t h e r tr a in in g . N o m o r e than 20
p e r c e n t o f the e m p lo y e e s o f a d e p a r tm e n t s h a ll be s o r e p l a c e d .
A n e m p lo y e e w h o is
n ot c a p a b le o f d o in g the w o r k r e q u ir e d in the jo b o f th e le a s t s e n io r e m p lo y e e , w ill
b e c o n s i d e r e d s u c c e s s i v e l y f o r jo b s h e ld b y a ll e m p lo y e e s w ith l e s s s e n io r it y u n til a
jo b is fou n d w h ich he ca n f i l l s a t i s f a c t o r i l y .

144.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d i f
s e n io r it y r e q u ir e m e n t

s e n io r e m p lo y e e

ca n q u a lify

f o r the jo b

and m e e t s a m in im u m

E m p lo y e e s h a v in g m o r e than 6 m o n t h s 1 p la n tw id e s e n io r it y w h o a r e la id o f f s h a ll,
i f w r itt e n a p p lic a t io n to th e v i c e p r e s id e n t - m a n u f a c t u r in g is m a d e w ith in 10 d a y s o f
th e d ate o f l a y o f f , r e p l a c e any e m p lo y e e h a v in g a l e s s e r a m ou n t o f p la n tw id e s e n io r it y .
A n y l a i d - o f f e m p lo y e e w h o m a k e s a p p lic a t io n f o r the jo b o f a ju n io r e m p lo y e e s h a ll b e
g iv e n a 5 -d a y t r i a l p e r i o d w ith in w h ich to d e m o n s t r a t e h is w o r k in g a b ilit y .
Any e m ­
p lo y e e e x e r c i s i n g s e n io r it y r ig h ts w ith r e s p e c t to a p a r t ic u la r jo b m u s t b e q u a lifie d
to p e r f o r m th e d u t ie s o f that jo b in a n o r m a l and a v e r a g e m a n n e r .

145.

P la n tw id e b u m p in g l im it e d to q u a lifie d e m p lo y e e s w ith s p e c if ie d m in im u m
b u m p in g in to s p e c if ie d o c c u p a t io n s p e r m it t e d f o r q u a lifie d e m p lo y e e

s e n io r it y ;

. . . A n y e m p lo y e e h a v in g 6 o r m o r e y e a r s o f s e n io r it y s h a ll, b e f o r e b e in g la id
o f f , b e e n title d to r e p l a c e any e m p lo y e e w ith l e s s than 6 y e a r s 1 s e n io r it y in any o c c u ­
p a tio n in th e /p la n £ 7 p r o v id e d :
(1 )
T h a t s a id e m p lo y e e w ith m o r e than 6 y e a r s 1 s e n io r it y s h a ll h a v e f i r s t e x h a u s te d
a ll p o s s i b i l i t y o f r e p la c in g any o th e r e m p lo y e e s in th o s e o c c u p a t io n s w ith in w h ich s a id
e m p lo y e e h a s a c c u m u la t e d s e n io r it y
(2 )
T h at he ca n d e m o n s t r a t e a ft e r a r e a s o n a b le t r ia l p e r i o d that he h a s s k ill and
a b ilit y to p e r f o r m the w o r k r e q u ir e d ; and
(3 )
T h a t in the c a s e o f a s k ille d jo b , h is p r e v i o u s e x p e r i e n c e w ith the c o m p a n y
m u s t h a v e b e e n s u ch a s to e s t a b lis h h is a b ilit y to d o the w o r k r e q u ir e d in a s a t i s ­
fa c to r y m an ner . . .
A l s o , n o tw ith sta n d in g th e f o r e g o i n g p r o v i s i o n s . . . any e m p lo y e e s h a ll, b e f o r e
b e in g la id o f f , b e e n title d to r e p l a c e an e m p lo y e e w ith l e s s s e n io r it y in / 5 p e c ^ e<i u n ~
s k ille d jo b s s u ch a s l a b o r e r and c l e a n e j7 , p r o v id in g he h a s th e a b ilit y to p e r f o r m th e
w o r k r e q u ir e d .

146.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d f o r

e m p lo y e e s w ith

s p e c if ie d m in im u m

s e n io r it y

In th e c a s e o f an in d e fin ite la y o f f , e m p lo y e e s w ith 1 y e a r , but l e s s than 3 y e a r s ,
o f s e n io r it y s h a ll be g iv e n an o p p o r tu n ity to r e p l a c e e m p lo y e e s e l s e w h e r e in th e p la n t
h a v in g l e s s than 8 w e e k s 1 s e r v i c e .
In the c a s e o f an in d e fin ite l a y o f f , the c o m p a n y s h a ll p la c e a ff e c t e d e m p lo y e e s w ith
3 o r m o r e y e a r s 1 s e n io r it y s o m e w h e r e in th e p la n t, w ith o u t l o s s o f t im e , p r o v id e d th e
e m p lo y e e a c c e p t s w o r k in th e d e p a r tm e n t o f the e m p lo y e e w h o m he is e n title d to d i s ­
p l a c e , w h ich s h a ll be the e m p lo y e e h a v in g th e l e a s t s e r v i c e in th e p la n t and , p r o v id e d
f u r t h e r , th at su ch p la c e m e n t ca n be m a d e w ith o u t c a u s in g th e e m p lo y e e to w o r k m o r e
than 8 h o u r s in a n y 2 4 - h o u r p e r i o d . H o w e v e r , if it is n e c e s s a r y to p la c e an e m p lo y e e
on a n o th e r sh ift and in d o in g so th e e m p lo y e e w o u ld l o s e a s h if t 's w o r k , it s h a ll n ot
b e c o n s i d e r e d a s l o s t t im e w ith in th e m e a n in g o f th is p a r a g r a p h .




27

147.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d i f s e n io r e m p lo y e e h a s
f e r e n t ia l o v e r e m p lo y e e b e in g b u m p e d

s p e c if ie d m in im u m le n g th o f s e r v i c e

d if­

A t th e t im e o f a la y o f f , the c o m p a n y w ill g iv e c o n s i d e r a t i o n to t r a n s f e r r i n g the
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e s c h e d u le d to be la id o f f, to a jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a n o th e r s e c t i o n .
Su ch e m p lo y e e s w ith l e s s than 10 y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e w ith th e c o m p a n y s h a ll
n ot r e p l a c e e m p lo y e e s in any o t h e r s e c t io n , e x c e p t p r o b a t io n a r y e m p lo y e e s on n o n c r a ft
jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , but e m p lo y e e s w ith 10 o r m o r e y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e w ith th e
c o m p a n y m a y b e t r a n s f e r r e d b y the c o m p a n y to o th e r s e c t i o n s o f t h e ir d iv i s io n o r to
o th e r d i v i s i o n s , and m a y r e p l a c e e m p lo y e e s w h o h a v e l e s s than 3 y e a r s o f c o n tin u o u s
s e r v i c e w ith th e c o m p a n y . T h e s e 1 0 -y e a r e m p lo y e e s w ill n ot b e a s s ig n e d to a n o th e r
s e c t io n u n til a ll o th e r a s s ig n m e n t s in that s e c t io n h a v e b e e n m a d e s o th at s u ch 1 0 - y e a r
e m p lo y e e s ( t r a n s f e r r e d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith th is p r o v i s i o n ) d o n ot h a v e p r e f e r e n c e o v e r
any e m p lo y e e in th e o th e r s e c t i o n w h o h a s 3 y e a r s o r m o r e o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e in
that s e c t i o n . . . .
148.

A r e a o f b u m p in g v a r i e s w ith e m p l o y e e ^

s e n io r it y

W hen an e m p lo y e e is d is p l a c e d f r o m h is jo b b y la y o f f o r t r a n s f e r ,
p la c e d in a n ew jo b in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the f o llo w in g p r o c e d u r e :

he

s h a ll b e

(1 ) If he h a s l e s s than 4 y e a r s o f p la n t s e n io r it y h e s h a ll d is p l a c e e m p lo y e e s in
h is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p w h o m a y h a v e l e s s o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s e n io r it y , o r he w ill b e
t r a n s f e r r e d to a n y o p e n jo b f o r w h ich he m a y b e q u a lifie d .
(2)
If he h a s m o r e than 4 y e a r s o f p la n t s e n io r it y he s h a ll d is p l a c e f i r s t an e m ­
p lo y e e w ith l e s s than 4 y e a r s o f p la n t s e n io r it y in any jo b f o r w h ic h he i s c o n s i d e r e d
to b e q u a lifie d a n d , if p la c e m e n t u n d e r th is p r o v i s i o n is n ot p o s s i b l e ,
(3)
He s h a ll d is p l a c e an e m p lo y e e w ith l e s s than 4 y e a r s o f s e n io r it y in any jo b
f o r w h ich he m a y n ot o b v io u s ly b e q u a lifie d but f o r w h ic h , in th e o p in io n o f the s e n io r it y
c o m m it t e e , he ca n b e c o m e q u a lifie d a ft e r a p r o b a t io n a r y p e r i o d ; i f p la c e m e n t u n d e r
th is s e c o n d p r o v i s i o n is n ot p o s s i b l e ,
(4 ) He s h a ll d is p l a c e an y e m p lo y e e w ith l e s s p la n t s e n io r it y in any jo b f o r w h ich
he is q u a lifie d a ft e r a p r o b a t io n a r y p e r i o d .
149.

T r a n s f e r r e d e m p lo y e e s r e t a in s e n io r it y and b u m p in g r ig h ts in f o r m e r d e p a r tm e n t
A n e m p lo y e e w h o h a s b e e n t r a n s f e r r e d to a n o th e r d e p a r tm e n t at h is o r h e r r e q u e s t ,
o r at c o m p a n y r e q u e s t , s h a ll r e t a in h is o r h e r s e n io r it y r ig h ts in the f o r m e r d e p a r t ­
m e n t w h en a c u r t a ilm e n t in p r o d u c t io n m a k e s it n e c e s s a r y to r e d u c e the n u m b e r o f
e m p lo y e e s in a n y d e p a r tm e n t .
W h en an e m p lo y e e r e t u r n s to h is o r h e r f o r m e r d e p a r tm e n t , h e o r sh e c a n b u m p
o n ly the y o u n g e s t e m p lo y e e in th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h ich h is o r h e r s e n io r it y e n t it le s
h im o r h e r to h a v e . A t no t i m e , ca n any e m p lo y e e b u m p f o r s h ift p r e f e r e n c e . Su ch
e m p lo y e e w h o b u m p s f o r jo b s e n io r it y m u s t ta k e s h ift w h ic h y o u n g e r e m p lo y e e h a d .
B u m p in g to f o r m e r o c c u p a t io n p e r m it t e d

150 A .

A n e m p lo y e e w h o is la id o f f in an o c c u p a t io n and w h o im m e d ia t e ly p r i o r to h is
a s s ig n m e n t in s u ch o c c u p a t io n had b e e n a s s ig n e d to a n o th e r o c c u p a t io n w ith in th e s a m e
d e p a r tm e n t s h a ll b e t r a n s f e r r e d to su ch la t t e r o c c u p a t io n and s h a ll r e p l a c e th e le a s t
s e n io r e m p lo y e e in su ch la t t e r o c c u p a t io n , p r o v id e d h e p o s s e s s e s g r e a t e r s e n io r it y .
'C

15OB.

'I'

'I'

In th e e v e n t o f a ny l a y o f f s o r c u r t a ilm e n t s o f e m p lo y m e n t , s u ch l a y o f f s s h a ll b e
m a d e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith c l a s s i f i e d s e n io r it y r ig h t s .
W ith in a d e p a r tm e n t , d i s t r i c t ,
o r d e p a r tm e n t a l s e c t io n , it is a g r e e d that an e m p lo y e e , in c a s e s o f c u r t a ilm e n t o f
e m p lo y m e n t w ith the c o m p a n y , m a y o f n e c e s s i t y r e le g a t e to a jo b h e o r i g i n a l ly h e ld
in the c o u r s e o f h is e m p lo y m e n t w ith the c o m p a n y w ith in h is p r e s e n t d e p a r tm e n t , d i s ­
t r i c t , o r d e p a r tm e n t a l s e c t i o n . In no in s ta n c e w ill an e m p lo y e e h a v e the r ig h t to r e c e d e
to a p o s it io n b e c a u s e o f h is s e n io r it y , w ith in h is d e p a r tm e n t , that he d id n ot p a s s
th ro u g h b e f o r e r e a c h in g h is p r e s e n t p o s it io n .
U n d e r n o c i r c u m s t a n c e s m a y an e m ­
p lo y e e e x e r c i s e s e n io r it y r ig h t s o u ts id e h is ow n d e p a r tm e n t o r in th e s e le c t io n o f a
 s p e c i f i c jo b w ith in a c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .


28
151.

B u m p in g p e r m it t e d in p r e s e n t and p r e v i o u s l y h e ld c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in p r e s e n t d e p a r t m e n t ,
a n d lo w e s t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in any p r e v i o u s d e p a r tm e n t
W hen it is n e c e s s a r y to la y o f f o r r e h ir e e m p lo y e e s in a n y d e p a r tm e n t , s u ch l a y o f f
o r r e h i r e s h a ll b e on th e b a s is o f the d e p a r tm e n t s e n io r it y o f the e m p lo y e e s , c o m p e t e n c y
c o n s i d e r e d , in t h e ir r e s p e c t i v e c l a s s i f i e d o c c u p a t io n s in the d e p a r tm e n t a f f e c t e d . A n y
s u ch e m p lo y e e a b o u t to b e la id o f f, due to la c k o f w o r k o r due to o t h e r c a u s e s n ot the
fa u lt o f the e m p lo y e e , m a y c l a im h is d e p a r tm e n t s e n io r it y rig h t to e m p lo y m e n t in a n o th e r
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e r e in he had b e e n e m p lo y e d b y the e m p lo y e r . It is fu r t h e r a g r e e d that
a n y su ch e m p lo y e e a b ou t to b e la id o f f due to la c k o f w o r k o r due to o th e r c a u s e s n ot
th e fa u lt o f the e m p lo y e e , m a y c l a im h is p la n t s e n io r it y r ig h t to e m p lo y m e n t in the
lo w e s t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in any d e p a r tm e n t o f th e p la n t in w h ic h he w a s e m p lo y e d .

152.

B u m p in g to f o r m e r j o b lim i t e d to on e t im e e x c e p t f o r e m p lo y e e s w ith m o r e than 5 y e a r s 1
s e n io r it y
A n e m p lo y e e w h o i s :o b e la id o f f s h a ll b e g iv e n o p p o r tu n ity to a c c e p t an a s s ig n m e n t
t o an e q u a l o r l o w e r r a te d jo b in w h ic h he h ad a c q u ir e d s e n io r it y s ta tu s , p r o v i d e d that
h is s e n io r it y sta tu s th e r e in s h a ll b e g r e a t e r than th at o f s o m e o th e r e m p lo y e e w h o m a y
b e w o r k in g t h e r e in . . .
N o e m p lo y e e w i ll b e a llo w e d to m a k e m o r e th an on e b u m p to a p r e v i o u s l y h e ld jo b
e x c e p t in th e c a s e o f an e m p lo y e e w ith m o r e than 5 y e a r s 1 s e n io r it y , on e a d d itio n a l
b u m p to a p r e v i o u s l y h e ld jo b is a llo w e d .

153.

B u m p in g to f o r m e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n p e r m it t e d i f e m p lo y e e is p h y s i c a l ly q u a lifie d
Su ch e m p lo y e e s on th e e x c e s s l i s t a s h a v e w o r k e d in o t h e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in o th e r
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in g s , a s sh ow n b y th e d iv i s io n r e c o r d s , f o r a p e r i o d o f 3 o r m o r e
m o n th s , s h a ll b e p e r m it t e d to g o b a c k to a n y su ch c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , in o r d e r o f p r i o r
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , p r o v i d e d th e y h a v e s e n io r it y in t h e ir f o r m e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , w ith th e
e x c e p t io n th at e m p lo y e e s w h o w e r e p r e v i o u s l y a s s ig n e d to a c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in a h ig h e r
p a y in g l a b o r g r a d e f o r a p e r i o d o f 3 o r m o r e m o n th s , s h a ll h a v e th e o p p o r tu n ity to g o
b a c k to the h ig h e r p a id c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , p r o v id e d th e y h a v e s e n io r it y t h e r e in . E m p lo y e e s
so d is p l a c e d w ill b e g iv e n a lik e o p p o r tu n ity to go b a c k to c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in w h ic h th e y
p r e v i o u s l y w o r k e d . It i s u n d e r s t o o d that no e m p lo y e e w ill go b a c k to a c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
in w h ic h he p r e v i o u s l y w o r k e d i f h e i s p h y s i c a l ly in c a p a b le o f p e r f o r m i n g th e w o r k .
In su ch c a s e , h e s h a ll b e o f f e r e d e m p lo y m e n t in a p r e v i o u s o c c u p a t io n i f h e i s p h y s i ­
c a l ly c a p a b le o f p e r f o r m i n g th e jo b .

154.

T r a i n e e s on jo b s
bum ped

r e q u ir in g t e c h n ic a l s k ill o r

s p e c ia l

k n o w le d g e p r o t e c t e d

fro m

b e in g

T h e c o m p a n y m a y , f r o m tim e to t im e , t r a in e m p lo y e e s f o r p o s i t i o n s r e q u ir in g
t e c h n ic a l s k ill o r s p e c ia l k n o w le d g e .
Su ch t r a i n e e s m a y be p la c e d in v a c a n c i e s and
w ill n ot b e a f f e c t e d b y th e b a c k - t r a c k i n g p r o v i s i o n s o f th is c o n t r a c t .
The num ber of
e m p lo y e e s in tr a in in g at on e t im e m a y n ot e x c e e d 2 p e r c e n t o f the to ta l n u m b e r o f e m ­
p l o y e e s c o v e r e d b y th is c o n t r a c t .
T h e [nnio^J is to b e a d v is e d a s t o e m p lo y e e s that
a re tr a in e e s .

155.

E m p lo y e e s in a s p e c i f i e d d e p a r tm e n t p r o t e c t e d f r o m

b e in g b u m p e d

. . . In c a s e s o f c u r t a ilm e n t o f p r o d u c t io n , th e s e n io r e m p lo y e e w ill b e g iv e n an
o p p o r tu n ity to " b u m p ” th e y o u n g e s t e m p lo y e e w ith o u t s e n io r it y in o th e r d e p a r t m e n t s .
E x c e p t io n :
E n t ir e m e c h a n ic a l d iv i s io n .



29
C H A P T E R 3. - R E C A L L TO W O RK

R e e m p l o y m e n t rights ar e a m a t t e r of k e e n c o n c e r n to a laid-off w o r k e r .
When
c o m p a r a b l e job opportunities with other e m p l o y e r s are scarce, the w o r k e r is particularly
anxious to return to the position f r o m w h i c h he w a s laid off. E v e n w h e n jobs ar e relatively
plentiful, there is generally a strong desire to return to the job w h e r e p e r s o n a l relationships
h a v e b e e n de ve l o p e d a n d e c o n o m i c rights, such as seniority status a n d p e n s i o n credits, h a v e
b e en accumulated.
T h e m e t h o d of recalling w o r k e r s enters into collective bargaining negotiations.
In s o m e a g r e e m e n t s , p r o c e d u r e s ar e e n u m e r a t e d in detail; in others, only general guides
are pr o v i d e d a n d practices evolved in prev io us layoff ex pe ri en ce s ar e e m p l o y e d . W h e r e no
m e n t i o n of recall is m a d e in the contract, it is likely that a definite p r o c e d u r e has b e e n
devised to handle this im po r t a n t p e r s o n n e l p r o b l e m , or the nature of the business virtually
fixes the recall pr o c e d u r e .

Order of Recall

T h e m o s t c o m m o n r e e m p l o y m e n t p r o c e d u r e is to recall w o r k e r s in r e v e r s e o r d e r
of layoff. Th is generally m e a n s application of the basic seniority provisions of the contract,
with a n y qualifications rega rd in g skill or physical fitness applied in layoff also applied in
reemployment.
In s o m e instances, these seniority provisions m a y be m o d i fi ed to insure that
recalled e m p l o y e e s ar e capable of p e r f o r m i n g the w o r k available at the t i m e production is
expanded.

156.

O r d e r of layoff a n d recall d e t e r m i n e d solely o n the basis of length of service (straight
seniority)
R e d u c t i o n of the w o r k i n g forces shall be a c c o m p l i s h e d by the layoff of e m p l o y e e s
b y seniority in ea c h w o r k classification; a n d in r e e m p l o y m e n t , the last e m p l o y e e laid
off shall be the first to be called b a c k to w o r k in e a c h w o r k classification.

157.

O r d e r of layoff a n d recall d e t e r m i n e d o n the basis of length of service in co m b i n a t i o n
with other factors (qualified seniority)
W h e n it b e c o m e s n e c e s s a r y to re d u c e the w o r k i n g force, e m p l o y e e s shall be laid
off ac co rd in g to seniority in their respective divisions, providing the senior e m p l o y e e s
c a n capably p e r f o r m the services required. . . . W h e n a n in cr ea se in the w o r k i n g
force b e c o m e s n e ce ss ar y, e m p l o y e e s previously laid off shall be returned to w o r k in
the r e v e r s e o r d e r of their layoff, providing in e a c h ca se that the e m p l o y e e with the
m o s t seniority ca n capably p e r f o r m the services required.

O r d e r of recall d e t e r m i n e d o n the basis of length of service in c o m b i n a t i o n with other
factors (qualified seniority)
158A.

Laid-off e m p l o y e e s will be recalled to w o r k in a c c o r d a n c e with their seniority,
the longest seniority e m p l o y e e s being the first to be recalled, p r o v i d e d they are
capable of p e r f o r m i n g the available jobs.
#

158B.

#

#

In c a s e s of layoff a n d r e e m p l o y m e n t the following factors shall be considered, a n d
w h e r e factors (l) a n d (Z) a r e relatively equal, length of service shall govern:
(1)
(2)
(3)




L e n g t h of service - viz:
Seniority
K n o w l e d g e , training, ability, skill, a n d efficiency
Phys ic al fitness
*

*

*

30
158C.

W h e n operations are reduced, w o r k shall be distributed in e a c h d e p a r t m e n t a c ­
cording to the length of service an d capability of p e r f o r m i n g such w o r k — last m a n
hired to be first m a n furloughed.
W h e n operations ar e r e s u m e d , the m e n shall be
recalled in r e v e r s e or d e r to that in w h i c h they w e r e furloughed— capability considered.
T h e d e p a r t m e n t s designated shall be d e t e r m i n e d u p o n b y the m a n a g e m e n t a n d the plant
committee.

Straight seniority g o v e r n s layoff;
159A.

qualified seniority g o v e r n s recall

Layoff: W h e n it b e c o m e s n e c e s s a r y for the c o m p a n y to r e d u c e its w o r k i n g force
in a job occupation within the bargaining unit by r e a s o n of w o r k needs, e m p l o y e e s
with no seniority in s u ch job occupation shall be first laid off. E m p l o y e e s classified
as " L e a r n e r s " in s u c h job occupation shall, in the inverse o r d e r of their seniority,
be next laid off.
Thereafter, e m p l o y e e s in the job occupation affected shall be laid
off in the inverse o r d e r of their seniority . . .

Re c a l l : . . . W h e n adding to the forces of a job occupation in the plant, e m ­
ployees theretofore laid off in su c h job occupation a n d e m p l o y e e s w h o accept a transfer
in lieu of layoff to a lo w e r rated job in the s a m e or a different job occupation shall
be recalled in o r d e r of their seniority a n d plac ed in available positions in the s a m e
or l o w e r rated job classification of the job occupation f r o m w h i c h laid off p r o v i d e d
they p o s s e s s the n e c e s s a r y qualifications to p e r f o r m the job as required by the c o m ­
p a n y ^ current operations a n d the job description.

*

159B.

*

*

If further reductions a r e n e ce ss ar y, e m p l o y e e s with seniority of less than 104
w e e k s will be laid off o n a d e p a r t m e n t a l a n d occupational basis.
If, for un u s u a l or
exceptional reasons, the c o m p a n y retains a n y s u c h e m p l o y e e s , the s a m e shall be
negotiated with the union.
E m p l o y e e s retaining seniority u n d e r this a g r e e m e n t shall be recalled on the basis
of occupational plantwide seniority, a n d m u s t h a v e h a d p r e v io us ex pe ri en ce with the
c o m p a n y on the available job to be p e r f o r m e d , a n d m u s t be able to p e r f o r m the job
to standard efficiency.
W h e n a n e m p l o y e e with m o r e than 2 years* seniority is r e ­
called after a layoff to a job other than the one he h a d at the t i m e of layoff, h e m a y
p a s s the job available without loss of seniority.

Retention of Seniority

Retention of seniority, a central factor in d e t e r m i n i n g job rights a n d eligibility for
recall to w o r k , is im p o r t a n t to a n e m p l o y e e during layoff.
In s o m e cases, seniority is
retained regardless of the duration of layoff.
H o w e v e r , a t i m e limit m a y be established
after w h i c h a w o r k e r 1s connection with a particular e m p l o y e r is r e g a r d e d as terminated. T h e
length of t i m e a laid-off e m p l o y e e m a y retain seniority is s o m e t i m e s g e a r e d to the individuals
length of service. T o p r e p a r e for quick a n d efficient r e e m p l o y m e n t w h e n production increases,
e m p l o y e r s m a y require w o r k e r s to supply their current a d d r e s s or periodic notice of their
availability for w o r k in o r d e r to retain seniority while o n layoff.

160.

Eligibility pe ri od for recall by
of layoff
. . . No
layoff.

161.

employee

seniority: E m p l o y e e d o e s not lose seniority as a result

shall lose his or h e r seniority standing as the result of a n y

Eligibility pe r i o d for recall b y seniority:

6 m o n t h s f r o m date of layoff

Seniority rights of laid-off e m p l o y e e s will continue for 6 m o n t h s f r o m layoff date.



31
162.

Eligibility p e ri od for recall b y seniority:

1 y e a r f r o m date of layoff

Seniority of a n e m p l o y e e shall be lost w h e n a n e m p l o y e e is (l) discharged, (2) r e ­
signs, or (3) is not rehired within 1 y e a r after term in at io n du e to layoff.

163.

Eligibility p e r i o d for recall by seniority: Seniority lost if layoff continues for 2 y e a r s
Plant seniority shall be t e r m i n a t e d
layoff for pe ri od of 2 years.

Eligibility p e ri od
164A.

An

for recall

for the

b y seniority:

following reasons.

Seniority lost

. . . Continual

if layoff e x c e e d s 3 ye a r s

e m p l o y e e will lose his s y s t e m service a n d seniority wh o:

(1) Quits of his o w n a c c o r d
(2) Is d i s c h a r g e d for ca us e
(3) Fails to report his availability for w o r k within 3 da y s or fails to report for
w o r k within 7 d a y s after being recalled f r o m layoff
(4) Is laid off for a peri od of m o r e than 3 years.

*

*

*

164B.

W h e n laid off a n e m p l o y e e will be retained o n the recall list for a period of 36
m o n t h s during w h i c h t i m e seniority shall be a c c u m u l a t i v e for 18 m o n t h s .

165.

Eligibility pe riod for recall
ployee^ s length of service

by seniority:

Seniority

lost after

layoff equal

to e m ­

Seniority shall c e a s e u p o n . . . layoff of a n e m p l o y e e for a p e ri od equal to the
n u m b e r of m o n t h s of his continuous service since his m o s t recent hiring date.

166.

Eligibility p e ri od for recall b y sen iority: R e e m p l o y m e n t privilege continues for a
peri od of t i m e equal to e m p l o y e e ' s length of service u p to a m a x i m u m of 2 y e a r s
In the event of rehiring following a layoff, the e m p l o y e e last laid off or recl as­
sified . . . shall be offered r e e m p l o y m e n t or reclassification first, a n d n o n e w e m ­
ployee shall b e hired until the list of e m p l o y e e s laid off or othe rw is e r e m o v e d f r o m
the given payroll classification shall h a v e b e e n exhausted. S u c h r e e m p l o y m e n t privi­
lege, h o w e v e r , shall not continue for a pe ri od of t i m e greater than the total length
of the e m p l o y e e 1s c o m p a n y service at the t i m e of layoff, nor for m o r e than 2 calendar
y e a r s in a n y case.

167.

Eligibility p e ri od for recall by seniority: Seniority lost after layoff of half the e m ­
p l o y e e 1s length of service up to a m a x i m u m of 3 y e a r s
Seniority a n d the e m p l o y m e n t relationship shall be b r o k e n for the following
reasons: . . . If the e m p l o y e e is laid off for one-half his or h e r length of service
u p to 3 years,

168.

Eligibility p e ri od for recall b y seniority:
Seniority lost after layoff for a pe riod equal
to employee*s~ length of service or 1 year, w h i c h e v e r is greater

A n e m p l o y e e shall c e a s e to h a v e a n y seniority rights if . . . he h a s not w o r k e d
for the c o m p a n y for a n u m b e r of d a y s equal to his length of service with the c o m p a n y
at the t i m e he last w o r k e d for the c o m p a n y or 1 year, w h i c h e v e r is the greater; p r o ­
vided that for this p u r p o s e a b s e n c e with leave a n d t i m e off c a u s e d b y c o m p e n s a b l e
 injury sustained while in the e m p l o y of the c o m p a n y shall not be counted.


32
169.

Eligibility p e ri od
length of service

for recall

by

seniority:

Du ra ti on of p e r i o d

gr ad ua te d

a c c o r d i n g to

T h e laid off e m p l o y e e will retain his seniority status in a c c o r d a n c e with the fol­
lowing schedule:
0 to 5 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e ______________________ 2 y e a r s
5 to 10 years* s e r v i c e ___________________ 2 V 2 y e a r s
O v e r 10 years* s e r v i c e ___________________ 3 y e a r s
170.

Eligibility peri od for recall b y seniority:

Du r a t i o n of pe ri od varies b y e m p l o y m e n t date

A n y e m p l o y e e o n the payroll prior to the effective date of this a g r e e m e n t
is involuntarily laid off shall r e m a i n o n the seniority list for 18 m o n t h s or
length of service w h i c h e v e r is the greater . . . A n y e m p l o y e e hired after the
date of this a g r e e m e n t shall in the c a s e of a n involuntary layoff r e m a i n o n the
list for half of their a c c u m u l a t e d seniority at the t i m e of their layoff.

171.

and w h o
half the
effective
seniority

Eligibility p e ri od for recall by seniority: Seniority lost after layoff of 1 year; e m ­
ployees with m o r e than 12 m o n t h s * service m a y extend this pe r i o d a n additional 2 y e a r s
u n d e r specified conditions
2
A n y e m p l o y e e shall lose his seniority for a n y of the following reasons: . . . C o n ­
tinuous layoff of 1 year; h o w e v e r , a n y e m p l o y e e p o s s e s s e d of m o r e than 12 m o n t h s *
seniority m a y m a i n t a i n su c h seniority for a n additional 2 years, p r o v i d e d that the laidoff e m p l o y e e reports his or h e r availability for w o r k to the e m p l o y m e n t m a n a g e r during
the s e c o n d a n d third consecutive y e a r of the layoff, o n at least o n e o c c a s i o n within
e a c h 1 8 0 - c a l e n d a r - d a y intervals, of the s e c o n d a n d third consecutive y e a r of the layoff.
A t the t i m e of layoff the e m p l o y m e n t office will furnish a m e m o to e m p l o y e e s with
m o r e than 12 m o n t h s * seniority, s h o w i n g the first 1 8 0 - d a y period, in w h i c h the e m p l o y e e
m u s t report to m a i n t a i n seniority.

172.

E m p l o y e e m u s t notify e m p l o y e r of c h a n g e of a d d r e s s
Laid-off e m p l o y e e s
in address.

shall p r o m p t l y notify the e m p l o y e r in writing of a n y c h a n g e s

Preference in Rehiring

A n o t h e r technique for offering r e e m p l o y m e n t to laid-off w o r k e r s is to give t h e m
pr e f e r e n c e in rehiring o v e r other applicants. Th is is s o m e t i m e s stated a s a restriction o n
n e w hires as long as a n y laid-off w o r k e r s h a v e not b e e n recalled.
W h e n such a provision
is co upled with recall provisions, it prov id es the laid-off w o r k e r a n a r e a of job opportunity
w i d e r than his original seniority unit.

173.

P r e f e r e n c e in rehire ov er
specified qualifications

new

employees

ex te n d e d

to

former employees

who

meet

In hiring e m p l o y e e s , p r ef er en ce will be given to f o r m e r e m p l o y e e s w h o within
the y e a r p r e c e d i n g s u c h hiring h a v e b e e n laid off for lack of w o r k a n d se pa ra te d f r o m
the payroll a n d w h o h a v e registered for r e e m p l o y m e n t , p r o v i d e d they a r e qualified for
the particular w o r k involved.
T h e c o m p a n y shall be the sole judge of s u c h a n e m ­
ployee *s qualification s .
174.

P r e f e r e n c e in r e e m p l o y m e n t extended,
specified qualifications

w h e r e v e r practicable,

to e m p l o y e e s

wL

meet

T h e e m p l o y e r agrees, w h e r e v e r practicable, to give p r e f e r e n c e within 1 y e a r of
t i m e of termination, in offering r e e m p l o y m e n t to f o r m e r e m p l o y e e s , p r o v i d e d that they
h a v e not b e e n t e r m i n a t e d for cause, that their prior service h a s b e e n satisfactory, a n d
that they a r e able to d o the job.



33
175.

E m p l o y e e s entitled to recall shall fill v acancies a n d n e w positions, except w h e r e
cialized skill or expe ri en ce is n e e d e d .

spe­

T h e union a n d the corporation both recognize that the y a r d m u s t obtain n e w w o r k
a n d to that e n d it is a g r e e d that if a n y n e w w o r k obtained b y the y a r d requires s p e ­
cialized ex pe ri en ce or specialized technical skill not p o s s e s s e d b y e m p l o y e e s presently
working, or by a n y e m p l o y e e s entitled to r e e m p l o y m e n t u n d e r this a g r e e m e n t , then the
corporation shall h a v e the right without being limited b y other provisions of this a g r e e ­
m e n t , to hire e m p l o y e e s p o s s e s s i n g the n e c e s s a r y specialized training, specialized e x ­
perience a n d specialized technical skill w h i c h the m a n a g e m e n t cons id er s n e c e s s a r y for
the successful initiation a n d prosecution of such n e w specialized w o r k . . .
E x c e p t as p r o v i d e d Zjibov£J . . . the corporation will not fill an y v a c a n c y or
n e w position with other p e r s o n s so long as there a r e e m p l o y e e s w h o ar e entitled to
reemployment . . .

176.

Multiplant c o m p a n y a g r e e m e n t : E m p l o y e e s laid
o v e r applicants at other c o m p a n y plants

off given p r e f e r e n c e in e m p l o y m e n t

E m p l o y e e s laid off in a n y plant t h ro ug h reduction of force, desiring e m p l o y m e n t in
other plants of the c o m p a n y , m a y m a k e application at su c h other plants in the regular
m a n n e r a n d will receive pr e f e r e n c e for a n y v a c a n c y they m a y be qualified to fill before
n e w e m p l o y e e s a r e hired.
Th is d o e s not c o m p e l the m a n a g e m e n t of other plants to a b s o r b their laid-off e m ­
ployees. T h e obligation of the c o m p a n y to call b a c k laid-off e m p l o y e e s is confined to
the plant in w h i c h they w e r e e m p l o y e d .

177.

E m p l o y e r prohibited f r o m hiring while e m p l o y e e s o n seniority list a r e laid off
. . . All e m p l o y e e s on the seniority list w h o a r e laid off shall be notified to return
to w o r k th ro ug h the local union before n e w m e n ar e e m p l o y e d . . . .







35
C H A P T E R 4. - W O R K - S H A R I N G
W o r k - s h a r i n g plans h a v e the effect of deferring or avoiding layoffs during slack
periods. 2 W h e n w o r k - s h a r i n g , i. e. , equal division of available w o r k , is the practice, a
de te rm in at io n m u s t be m a d e as to w h o will share the w o r k a n d the a r e a within w h i c h the
w o r k - s h a r i n g will take place. T h e simplest f o r m of w o r k - s h a r i n g p e r m i t s the participation
of all e m p l o y e e s in the plant.
H o w e v e r , certain types of w o r k e r s , su c h as t e m p o r a r y or
probationary e m p l o y e e s or those with less than a specified period of service, m a y be laid off
before w o r k - s h a r i n g plans ar e put into effect, in o r d e r to incr ea se the w o r k opportunities for
regular e m p l o y e e s . Also, if skills ar e not readily interchangeable, w o r k m a y be s h a r e d on a n
occupational basis rather than apportioned equally a m o n g all w o r k e r s in the unit. In s o m e
cases, w o r k h o u r s m a y be distributed equally o n a rotating basis, with e m p l o y e e s w o r k i n g
alternate periods during the slack season.

178.

Work

shared a m o n g

e m p l o y e e s doing similar w o r k

A t all t i m e s w o r k shall be distributed to m e m b e r s of the unio n as equally as p o s ­
sible.
D u r i n g the sl o w s e a s o n w h a t e v e r w o r k there is shall be equally distributed
a m o n g the w o r k e r s in e a c h b r a n c h of w o r k in the shop so as to enable e a c h one to w o r k
a n equal n u m b e r of hours.
179.

Work

sh a r e d by crafts

Work
180.

Work

shall b e at all t i m e s distributed as equally as possible b y crafts.

s h a r e d o n a d e p a r t m e n t a l basis

D u r i n g slack periods the w o r k in e v e r y d e p a r t m e n t of the sh op shall be divided
as equally a s possible a m o n g all w o r k e r s of that d e p a r t m e n t .
181.

Work

s h a r e d b y crafts or d e p a r t m e n t s

T h e principle of equal division of w o r k is recognized, a n d during the slack period,
w o r k shall be divided as far as practicable, without i m p e d i n g production, a m o n g all
the e m p l o y e e s b y crafts or d e p a r t m e n t s . In the event that equal division of w o r k b e ­
c o m e s unfeasible, then the seniority principle shall be u s e d as a guide in m a k i n g lay­
offs, b y crafts or d e p a r t m e n t .
If the e m p l o y e r s u s p e n d s w o r k in w h o l e or in part
during the sl ow season, it shall u p o n r e s u m i n g w o r k give e m p l o y m e n t to the e m p l o y e e s
it h a s laid off before en ga gi ng a n y n e w help.
182.

Work

s h a r e d b y craft, jointly su pervised

A t all t i m e s the available w o r k in the shop shall b e divided equally a m o n g all the
w o r k e r s in the shop in a c c o r d a n c e with the respective crafts. Division of w o r k shall
be s u pe rv is ed b y the shop c h a i r m a n , c o m m i t t e e s of the w o r k e r s , a n d e m p l o y e r .
183.

Work

s h a r e d by all the w o r k e r s of the shop

T h e r e shall b e equal a n d equitable distribution of w o r k a m o n g all the w o r k e r s of
the shop at all times.
T h e r e shall be no reduction in the regular w o r k i n g force at
a n y t i m e w h a t s o e v e r , a n d all available w o r k shall at all t i m e s be divided a m o n g the
e m p l o y e e s as a b o v e stated.

2
A g r e e m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d in this chapter contained w o r k - s h a r i n g provisions w h i c h w e r e
explicit as to the equal division of available w o r k a n d w h i c h m a d e n o reference to layoff or
recall. In w o r k - s h a r i n g a g r e e m e n t s w h i c h h a d incidental re fe re nc es to layoff or p r e f e r e n c e
in rehire after layoff, s u ch re fe re nc es w e r e ig nored w h e r e the intent of the a g r e e m e n t a p ­
p e a r e d to be to provide for w o r k - s h a r i n g in lieu of layoff, at least a s long a s w o r k - s h a r i n g
p r o v e d feasible.
A reduction in a v e r a g e w o r k i n g hours, prior to or during a layoff, h a s
b e e n c o ns id er ed as a n integral part of the layoff p r o c e s s (see p. 8 ), a n d a g r e e m e n t s
with s u ch provisions w e r e r e g a r d e d as having layoff provisions rather than w o r k - s h a r i n g
arrangements.



36
184.

T e m p o r a r y o r p ro b a tio n a ry

e m p l o y e e s e x c lu d e d f r o m

w o rk -s h a rin g

W h en th e r e i s n o t s u ffic ie n t w o rk fo r a l l r e g u la r e m p lo y e e s , t e m p o r a r y o r p r o ­
b a t i o n a r y e m p l o y e e s w it h l e s s th a n 9 0 d a y s T s e n i o r i t y s h a l l f i r s t b e l a i d o f f a n d th e n
s a i d r e m a i n i n g w o r k s h a l l b e a s n e a r l y e q u a lly d i v id e d a s p o s s i b l e a m o n g r e m a i n i n g
r e g u l a r w o r k e r s , r e g a r d l e s s o f s e n i o r i t y , in o r d e r to a v o i d d i s c r i m i n a t i o n b e t w e e n
w o rk e rs.

185.

W o rk

s h a r e d b y r e g u l a r e m p l o y e e s o n ly

T h e e m p lo y e r a g r e e s th a t w h en he e m
p a r t m e n t h e s h a l l d i v id e th e w o r k e q u a lly
d e p a rtm e n t d u rin g s la c k p e r io d , p ro v id in g ,
th e re a t and a ll p e rm it w o rk e rs h ave b een

186.

W o rk

p lo y s m o r e th a n o n e p e r s o n in a n y o n e d e ­
a m o n g s t r e g u l a r e m p l o y e e s w o r k i n g in s a i d
h o w e v e r, th a t a ll su ch p e rs o n s a r e e ffic ie n t
la id o ff.

s h a r e d b y e m p lo y e e s w ith 6 o r m o r e m o n th s 1 s e r v i c e

It i s f u r t h e r a g r e e d t h a t w h e n s o e v e r t h e r e i s a r e c e s s i o n in b u s i n e s s , t h a t w h e r e v e r
f e a s i b l e , t h e w o r k s h a l l b e d i v id e d b e t w e e n e m p l o y e e s w h o h a v e b e e n e m p lo y e d b y th e
e m p l o y e r f o r a p e r i o d o f 6 m o n th s o r m o r e , w i t h th e o b j e c t o f a v o i d in g e x c e s s i v e
la y o ffs .

187.

W o rk

s h a r e d b y w o r k e r s w ith 2 c o n s e c u tiv e

s e a s o n s 1 e m p lo y m e n t

T h e a v a i l a b l e w o r k s h a l l a s f a r a s p r a c t i c a b l e b e d i v id e d e q u a l l y a m o n g t h o s e
w o r k e r s in th e s h o p w h o h a v e w o r k e d f o r th e m e m b e r f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e s e a s o n s .

188.

E q u a l d iv is io n

o f w o rk am ong

r e g u la r e m p lo y e e s an d s u b c o n tr a c t o r s

D u r in g a n y s l a c k s e a s o n o r w h e n e v e r t h e r e i s i n s u f f i c i e n t w o r k , t h e a v a i l a b l e w o r k
s h a l l b e d i v id e d , i n s o f a r a s i s p r a c t i c a b l e , e q u a lly a m o n g a l l r e g u l a r e m p l o y e e s o f th e
e m p lo y e r an d a m o n g h is r e g is t e r e d c o n t r a c t o r s .
T h i s p a r a g r a p h s h a l l n o t a p p ly t o
o ffic e an d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s an d la b e l s e w e r s .

189.

E q u a l d iv is io n o f w o rk ; w o r k e r s m a y be a lte r n a te d
A t s u c h t i m e s a s th e e m p l o y e r s h a l l b e u n a b le to s u p p ly h i s w o r k e r s w i t h f u l l - t i m e
w o r k , t h e a v a i l a b l e w o r k i n th e s h o p s h a l l b e d i v id e d a s e q u a lly a s p o s s i b l e a m o n g a l l
t h e w o r k e r s w h o a r e c o m p e t e n t to d o th e w o r k .
W o r k e r s m a y b e d i v i d e d in to s h i f t s
and a lte rn a te d .




37

CHAPTER 5. - COMPENSATION TO LAID-OFF EMPLOYEES
P r o v i d i n g c o m p e n s a t io n to l a i d - o f f w o r k e r s h e lp s t o a l l e v i a t e th e h a r d s h i p r e s u l t i n g
f r o m l o s s o f e m p lo y m e n t a n d i n c o m e .
It a l s o s e r v e s to m a i n t a i n th e m o r a l e o f e m p l o y e e s
r e m a i n i n g o n th e p a y r o l l .
O ne d e v i c e , lo n g in u s e , i s to p r o v i d e a s e v e r a n c e a l lo w a n c e t o
w o r k e r s w h o a r e l a i d o f f . A n o t h e r , w h i c h c a m e in to p r o m i n e n c e in 1 9 5 5 n e g o t i a t i o n s , i s to
p r o v i d e s u p p l e m e n t a r y u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m p e n s a t io n to a l l l a i d - o f f e m p l o y e e s w h o m e e t th e
s t i p u la t e d s e r v i c e a n d s e n i o r i t y q u a l i f i c a t i o n s .
Severan ce A llow ances
S e v e r a n c e o r d i s m i s s a l p a y m e n t s a r e u s u a l l y p r o v i d e d o n ly w h e n a l a y o f f i s r e ­
q u i r e d o w in g t o t e c h n o lo g i c a l c h a n g e o r a c h a n g e in m e t h o d s , o r w h e n a n e m p lo y e e * i s l a i d
o f f i n d e f i n i t e l y , o r h i s s e r v i c e s t e r m i n a t e d b e c a u s e o f p la n t s h u td o w n , s u s p e n s i o n , o r m e r g e r .
U n d e r s o m e a g r e e m e n t s , h o w e v e r , w o r k e r s w ho a r e la id o ff f o r a n y r e a s o n a r e e n title d to
a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e .
S u c h c o m p e n s a t io n i s g e n e r a l l y p a id in a lu m p s u m a t th e t i m e o f
la y o ff.
It m a y b e c a l c u l a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f a n e m p l o y e e ' s f u l l - t i m e w e e k l y w a g e a n d h i s
le n g t h o f s e r v i c e w it h th e e m p l o y e r .
U pon p a y m e n t o f a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e , a l l a s p e c t s
o f th e e m p lo y m e n t r e l a t i o n s h i p a r e u s u a l l y t e r m i n a t e d ; i f th e e m p lo y e e i s s u b s e q u e n t ly r e h i r e d , h e i s c o n s i d e r e d a n e w e m p lo y e e w it h n o a c c u m u la t e d s e n i o r i t y .

S e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e in c a s e
190A .

o f la y o ff

A t e r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e b a s e d on a n e m p lo y e e 's b a s ic w e e k ly w a g e r a t e w i ll b e
p a id a s f o l l o w s in c a s e o f l a y o f f o f a r e g u l a r , t e m p o r a r y , o r t e r m e m p lo y e e :
(1 )
O n e w e e k ' s p a y f o r e a c h c o m p le t e d y e a r o f s e r y i c e , o r m a j o r f r a c t i o n t h e r e o f ,
i n c lu d in g th e 5 th y e a r o f s e r v i c e .
(2 )
O ne w e e k ' s p a y f o r e a c h c o m p le t e d h a l f y e a r o f s e r v i c e a f t e r th e 5 th y e a r
o f c o m p le t e d s e r v i c e t o a n d i n c lu d in g th e 1 2 th y e a r o f c o m p le t e d s e r v i c e .
(3 )
O n e w e e k ' s p a y f o r e a c h c o m p le t e d o n e - f o u r t h y e a r o f s e r v i c e a f t e r th e 1 2 th
y e a r o f c o m p le t e d s e r v i c e .
In a d d i t i o n to th e t e r m i n a t i o n a l lo w a n c e a s d e t e r m i n e d u n d e r th e / a b o v e ] p r o v i ­
s i o n s . . . t h e e m p lo y e e w i l l r e c e i v e a p a y m e n t in l i e u o f a n y v a c a t i o n t o w h ic h s h e
m a y b e e n t i t l e d a t th e t i m e o f l a y o f f .
I f a n e m p lo y e e i s r e h i r e d b y th e c o m p a n y b e f o r e th e e n d o f th e p e r i o d f o r w h ic h
sh e h a s r e c e iv e d a t e r m in a t io n a llo w a n c e , th e e x c e s s a m o u n t p a id h e r s h a ll b e c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s a n a d v a n c e t o h e r b y th e c o m p a n y a n d s h a l l b e r e p a i d b y h e r a t th e r a t e
o f lO p e r c e n t o f h e r g r o s s w e e k ly e a r n in g s s ta r tin g w ith th e f i r s t w e e k o f r e e m p lo y m e n t.
W h e n a n e m p lo y e e o n c e r e c e i v e s a t e r m i n a t i o n a l l o w a n c e a n d i s l a t e r r e e m p l o y e d
b y t h e c o m p a n y , th e t e r m i n a t i o n a l lo w a n c e p a y a b l e t o h e r in r e s p e c t o f s u b s e q u e n t
l a y o f f s s h a l l b e b a s e d u p o n h e r le n g t h o f s e r v i c e s i n c e t h e d a t e o f h e r l a s t r e e m p l o y ­
m e n t , p lu s a n y a m o u n t c f th e p r i o r t e r m i n a t i o n a l lo w a n c e n o t r e t a i n e d b y th e e m p lo y e e .
*

1 9 OB*

*

*

A n y r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e w h o s e e m p lo y m e n t i s t e r m i n a t e d a n d w h o t h e r e u p o n l o s e s
a l l o f th e b e n e f i t s a c c r u i n g to e m p lo y e e s o f th e e m p l o y e r , a s a r e s u l t o f a l a y o f f
b e c a u s e o f a r e d u c t i o n o r d e c r e a s e in s t a f f . . . s h a l l b e p a i d t h e a p p l i c a b l e s e v e r ­
a n c e a llo w a n c e , a s fo llo w s :
( 1 ) I f s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e h a d b e e n c o n t i n u o u s ly e m p lo y e d b y th e e m p l o y e r f o r
a p e r i o d o f n o t l e s s t h a n 1 y e a r n o r m o r e t h a n 3 y e a r s , s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e s h a l l
r e c e iv e 1 w e e k 's p a y .
(2 ) I f s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e h a d b e e n c o n t i n u o u s ly e m p lo y e d b y t h e e m p l o y e r
f o r a p e r i o d i n e x c e s s o f 3 y e a r s b u t n o t m o r e th a n 5 y e a r s , s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e
s h a ll r e c e iv e 2 w e e k s ' p a y .
(3 ) I f s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e h a d b e e n c o n t i n u o u s ly e m p lo y e d b y th e e m p l o y e r f o r
a p e r i o d i n e x c e s s o f 5 y e a r s , s u c h r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e s h a l l r e c e i v e 2 w e e k s ' p a y p lu s
1 a d d i t i o n a l w e e k ' s p a y f o r e a c h y e a r o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e in e x c e s s o f 5 y e a r s .




38

F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h i s a r t i c l e a w e e k 1 s p a y s h a l l c o n s i s t o f th e w e e k l y p a y f o r
th e a v e r a g e n o r m a l l y s c h e d u le d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s o f w o r k p e r w e e k o f t h e r e s p e c t i v e
r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e b a s e d u p o n th e 6 - m o n t h p e r i o d i m m e d i a t e l y p r e c e d i n g t h e d a t e o f
l a y o f f . In n o c a s e s h a l l a n y e m p lo y e e b e e n t i t l e d t o r e c e i v e m o r e t h a n o n e s e v e r a n c e
a l lo w a n c e i n a n y c a l e n d a r y e a r .
191.

S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e p a id w h e n la y o f f is

c a u s e d b y te c h n o lo g ic a l c h a n g e

W h e n a n e m p lo y e e i s p e r m a n e n t l y d i s p l a c e d b y th e e l i m i n a t i o n o f a jo b b e c a u s e o f
a t e c h n o l o g i c a l c h a n g e i n e q u ip m e n t , m e th o d , o r p r o c e s s th e c o m p a n y w i l l e n d e a v o r to
p r o v i d e a t r a n s f e r t o a n o t h e r j o b . O r , th e e m p lo y e e m a y , a t h i s o p t io n , e l e c t t o i m ­
m e d i a t e l y r e c e i v e t e c h n o l o g i c a l d i s p l a c e m e n t c o m p e n s a t io n .

th e

A c c e p t a n c e o f a t r a n s f e r b y t h e e m p lo y e e w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l y c a n c e l , i n t h i s
c o m p a n y 1 s o b l i g a t i o n to p a y t e c h n o l o g i c a l d i s p l a c e m e n t c o m p e n s a t i o n .

case,

I f , a t th e e x p i r a t i o n o f 6 m o n th s a f t e r th e e m p lo y e e i s d i s p l a c e d , a n o t h e r jo b h a s
n o t b e e n a c c e p t e d , p a y m e n t o f t e c h n o l o g i c a l d i s p l a c e m e n t c o m p e n s a t i o n w i l l th e n b e
r e q u ir e d o f th e c o m p a n y .
U p o n r e c e ip t o f te c h n o lo g ic a l d is p la c e m e n t c o m p e n s a tio n ,
t h e e m p l o y e e 1 s s e n i o r i t y a n d c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e r e c o r d w i l l b e t e r m i n a t e d .
A l l e m p l o y e e s in th e s e n i o r i t y a r e a a f f e c t e d w i l l h a v e th e o p p o r t u n i t y o f e l e c t i n g
t o r e c e i v e t e c h n o l o g i c a l d i s p l a c e m e n t c o m p e n s a t i o n i n th e o r d e r o f t h e i r s e n i o r i t y , to
th e e x t e n t o f t h e n u m b e r o f d i s p l a c e m e n t s .
T e c h n o lo g i c a l d i s p l a c e m e n t c o m p e n s a t i o n w i l l b e m a d e i n a lu m p s u m p a y m e n t
e q u a l t o th e n u m b e r o f y e a r s o f t h e e m p lo y e e * s c o n tin u o u s e m p lo y m e n t w i t h th e c o m ­
p a n y m u l t i p l i e d b y a n a m o u n t e q u a l to th e r a t e o f th e m a x i m u m w e e k l y b e n e f i t c u r r e n t l y
p r e s c r i b e d b y t h e / S t a t J 7 U n e m p lo y m e n t C o m p e n s a t i o n L a w .
192.

S eve ra n c e

a l l o w a n c e p a i d w h e n a p la n t i s c o m p l e t e l y a n d p e r m a n e n t l y s h u t d o w n

I f d u r i n g th e t e r m o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t th e c o m p a n y s h a l l d e c i d e to c l o s e c o m p l e t e l y
a n d p e r m a n e n t l y a n y o f th e p la n t s c o v e r e d b y t h i s a g r e e m e n t , e m p l o y e e s w h o s e j o b s a r e
d i s c o n t i n u e d a n d w h o d o n o t r e t i r e u n d e r th e p e n s i o n p la n o r w h o a r e n o t t r a n s f e r r e d to
a n o t h e r p la n t o f th e c o m p a n y w i l l b e p a id s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l ­
lo w in g s c h e d u le :
W eeks of
seve ra n c e
a l lo w a n c e

Y e a rs of
a c c re d ite d
s e rv ic e
L e s s th a n 1
1
______ .
.
2

-

4
5
6
7
8
1 0 ~ Z H L - I ____________________

0
2
2
2
2
2 Va
3
4
5
6
7

Y e a rs of
a c c re d ite d
s e rv ic e
______
11
12
. ____
.
______
1 3 ___________________
14
15
16
1 7 _________________________
18
19
________________ ______
2 0 a n d o v e r _____________

W eeks of
seve ran c e
a l lo w a n c e
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
16
18
20

T h e a m o u n t o f s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e p a y a b le p e r w e e k w i l l b e c o m p u te d a s 4 0 h o u r s
p e r w e e k m u l t i p l i e d b y th e r a t e o f p a y p e r h o u r ; th e r a t e o f p a y p e r h o u r f o r s e v e r a n c e
a l l o w a n c e w i l l b e c a l c u l a t e d i n t h e s a m e w a y a s v a c a t i o n p a y a s s p e c i f i e d in . . .
th is a g r e e m e n t.
E m p l o y e e s w h o a r e t o b e t e r m i n a t e d b e c a u s e o f t h e p e r m a n e n t c lo s i n g o f a p la n t ,
an d w h o o t h e r w is e a r e e lig ib le f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y , w i l l b e g iv e n p r e f e r e n t i a l e m p lo y ­
m e n t r i g h t s ( p r o v i d e d t h e r e a r e a v a i l a b l e jo b s ) a t a n o t h e r p la n t o f th e c o m p a n y p r o v i d e d
th e e m p lo y e e i n d i c a t e s a t l e a s t a w e e k in a d v a n c e o f th e c lo s i n g o f h i s p la n t th e p la n t
o r p l a n t s in w h i c h h e d e s i r e s t o o b t a i n e m p lo y m e n t . A n e m p lo y e e w h o i s o f f e r e d e m ­
p lo y m e n t a t o n e o f t h e c o m p a n y p l a n t s h e h a s s e l e c t e d a n d t h e n d e c l i n e s f o r a n y r e a s o n
w i l l b e r e m o v e d f r o m th e p r e f e r e n t i a l e m p lo y m e n t l i s t .




39
P r e f e r e n t i a l e m p lo y m e n t r i g h t s w i l l t e r m i n a t e 9 0 c a l e n d a r d a y s a f t e r th e p la n t
c l o s i n g . E l i g i b l e e m p l o y e e s w h o d o n o t o b t a i n e m p lo y m e n t a t a n o t h e r o f th e c o m p a n y 1 s
p la n t s w i l l b e p a id t h e i r s e v e r a n c e a l lo w a n c e a t th e e n d o f th e 9 0 - d a y p e r i o d .
A n e m p lo y e e w h o a c c e p t s e m p lo y m e n t a t a n o t h e r o f th e c o m p a n y 1 s p la n t s a s a r e s u l t
o f th e p e r m a n e n t c lo s i n g o f th e p la n t w h e r e h e i s e m p lo y e d w i l l n o t b e e l i g i b l e f o r a n y
s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e .
A n e m p lo y e e w h o , u n d e r t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s s p e c i f i e d in s e c t i o n s . . . a b o v e , i s
t r a n s f e r r e d b y t h e c o m p a n y to a n o t h e r p la n t c o v e r e d b y t h i s a g r e e m e n t w i l l c a r r y a c ­
c r e d i t e d s e r v i c e . . . f r o m th e c l o s e d p la n t to th e p la n t t o w h i c h h e i s t r a n s f e r r e d .
S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e f o r th o s e e lig ib le e m p lo y e e s w h o do n o t e x e r c is e t h e i r p r e f ­
e r e n t i a l e m p lo y m e n t r i g h t s a s p r o v i d e d f o r / a b o v jj^ s h a l l b e p a i d in a lu m p s u m a t th e
t i m e o f h i s t e r m i n a t i o n . A c c e p t a n c e o f s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e p a y b y th e e m p lo y e e w i l l
te r m in a t e h is s ta tu s a s a n e m p lo y e e .

193.

S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e p a id q u a lifie d e m p lo y e e s la id o ff
d e p a rtm e n t o r s u b s ta n tia l p o rtio n t h e r e o f

d u e t o p e r m a n e n t c lo s i n g o f a

I f th e c o m p a n y s h a l l c l o s e p e r m a n e n t l y o r d i s c o n t i n u e p e r m a n e n t l y a d e p a r t m e n t
o r a s u b s t a n t i a l p o r t i o n t h e r e o f , e a c h e m p lo y e e w h o s e e m p lo y m e n t s h a l l b e t e r m i n a t e d
b y th e c o m p a n y a s a r e s u l t t h e r e o f a n d w h o a t th e t i m e s h a l l h a v e a le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s
s e r v i c e w i t h th e c o m p a n y o f 3 y e a r s o r m o r e s h a l l b e e n t i t l e d t o a s e v e r a n c e a l l o w ­
a n c e a l l in a c c o r d a n c e w ith th e p r o v is io n s h e r e i n a f t e r in th is s e c tio n s e t fo r t h .
F o r th e p u r p o s e o f t h i s s e c t i o n , th e le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e o f a n e m p lo y e e
w i t h th e c o m p a n y s h a l l b e c o m p u t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h th e / " s e n io rit y ? p r o v i s i o n s . . .
o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , e x c e p t t h a t , i f a n e m p lo y e e s h a l l b e l a i d o f f f o r a p e r i o d o f o v e r
6 m o n t h s , t h e p a r t o f s u c h p e r i o d o v e r 6 m o n t h s s h a l l n o t b e i n c lu d e d a s p a r t o f h i s
le n g t h o f c o n t in u o u s s e r v i c e w i t h th e c o m p a n y .
T h e a m o u n t o f s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e w h ic h a n e m p lo y e e s h a l l r e c e i v e i n a c c o r d a n c e
w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s e c t i o n s h a l l b e 4 w e e k s 1 p a y in th e c a s e o f e m p l o y e e s h a v in g
a le n g t h o f c o n t in u o u s s e r v i c e o f 3 y e a r s o r m o r e b u t l e s s t h a n 5 y e a r s , 6 w e e k s 1 p a y
i n th e c a s e o f e m p l o y e e s h a v in g a le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e o f 5 y e a r s o r m o r e b u t
l e s s th a n 7 y e a r s , 7 w e e k s 1 p a y in th e c a s e o f e m p l o y e e s h a v i n g a le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s
s e r v i c e o f 7 y e a r s o r m o r e b u t l e s s th a n 1 0 y e a r s a n d 8 w e e k s 1 p a y i n th e c a s e o f
e m p lo y e e s h a v i n g a le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e o f 10 y e a r s o r m o r e .
E ach w eek of
s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h th e p r o v i s i o n s f o r th e c a l ­
c u la t i o n o f v a c a t i o n p a y s e t f o r t h in . . . o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t . T h e p a y m e n t o f a s e v e r ­
a n c e a l lo w a n c e to a n e m p lo y e e s h a l l b e m a d e in a lu m p s u m w h e n h i s e m p lo y m e n t s h a l l
be te rm in a te d .
I f a n e m p lo y e e w h o s h a l l l o s e h i s jo b a s a r e s u l t o f t h e p e r m a n e n t c lo s i n g o r th e
p e rm a n e n t d is c o n tin u a n c e o f a d e p a rtm e n t o r a s u b s ta n tia l p o r tio n t h e r e o f s h a ll b e o f­
f e r e d e m p lo y m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y c o n s i s t e n t w i t h th e p r o v i s i o n s [ o n s e n i o r i t y ^ , in a
jo b f o r w h ic h h e i s q u a l i f i e d , in th e s a m e o r a h i g h e r j o b c l a s s , h e s h a l l n o t b e e n ­
t i t l e d t o a s e v e r a n c e a l lo w a n c e p u r s u a n t t o t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s e c t i o n . I f h e s h a l l
b e o f f e r e d e m p lo y m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y in a n y o t h e r jo b , h e s h a l l h a v e t h e o p t io n o f
e i t h e r a c c e p t in g s u c h o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t o r o f r e c e i v i n g t h e s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e h e r e i n
p r o v i d e d . T h e le n g t h o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e o f a n e m p lo y e e w h o s h a l l b e p a i d a s e v e r ­
a n c e a l lo w a n c e p u r s u a n t t o th e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s e c t i o n s h a l l b e d e e m e d t o b e b r o k e n
a s o f th e d a t e o f s u c h p a y m e n t .
A n e m p lo y e e s h a l l n o t b e e n t i t l e d t o a s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e p u r s u a n t to th e p r o ­
v is io n s o f th is s e c tio n , i f h e s h a ll r e c e iv e a n a m o u n t e q u iv a le n t to su c h a llo w a n c e b y
r e a s o n o f a n y o t h e r a g r e e m e n t , l a w o r o t h e r w i s e . I f a n e m p lo y e e s h a l l b e e n t i t l e d to
a n y d i s c h a r g e , li q u i d a t i o n , s e v e r a n c e o r d i s m i s s a l a l l o w a n c e o r p a y m e n t o f s i m i l a r
k in d (n o t in c lu d in g s t a t u t o r y u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m p e n s a t io n p a y m e n t s ) b y r e a s o n o f a n y
la w o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s o r o f a n y o f th e S t a t e s , d i s t r i c t s , o r t e r r i t o r i e s s u b je c t t o i t s
j u r i s d i c t i o n , th e t o t a l a m o u n t o f a n y s u c h p a y m e n t s h a l l b e d e d u c t e d f r o m th e s e v e r a n c e
a l lo w a n c e t o w h ic h th e e m p lo y e e s h a l l b e e n t i t l e d u n d e r t h i s s e c t i o n .




40

194.

P a rtie s

a g r e e , in p r i n c i p l e , o n s e v e r a n c e

a l lo w a n c e to b e p a i d b y

su ccesso r

com pany

It i s a g r e e d in p r i n c i p l e t h a t in th e e v e n t o f m e r g e r , c o n s o li d a t i o n , o r s a l e in
w h o le o r in p a r t o f th e e m p l o y e e s b u s i n e s s , th e s u c c e s s o r o r p u r c h a s e r s h a l l b e r e ­
s p o n s i b le f o r a n y s e v e r a n c e p a y o w in g to d i s p l a c e d e m p lo y e e s p u r s u a n t t o a g r e e m e n t
b e t w e e n th e u n io n a n d th e e m p l o y e r o r to a n a r b i t r a t i o n a w a r d .
T he p a r t ie s s h a ll
f u r t h e r n e g o t i a t e th e la n g u a g e o f s u c h p r o v i s i o n a n d i f t h e y c a n n o t a g r e e t h e m a t t e r s h a l l
b e s u b m i t t e d to a r b i t r a t i o n .
Supplementary Unemployment Compensation

A r e c e n t c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g d e v e lo p m e n t , a l s o d e s i g n e d t o c u s h io n th e e f f e c t o f
s l a c k w o r k , p r o v i d e s f o r th e p a y m e n t o f e m p l o y e r - f i n a n c e d s u p p l e m e n t a r y u n e m p lo y m e n t
b e n e f i t s i n c o n ju n c t i o n w i t h S t a t e p r o g r a m s . T h e f i r s t s u c h p la n w a s n e g o t i a t e d in m i d - 1 9 5 5
b y th e F o r d M o t o r C o . a n d th e I n t e r n a t i o n a l U n io n , U n ite d A u t o m o b i le , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r i ­
c u l t u r a l I m p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a .
B y th e e n d o f 1 9 5 5 , s e v e r a l m o d i f i c a t i o n s w e r e
i n t r o d u c e d in o t h e r p l a n s b y th e U A W a n d o t h e r u n i o n s . T h e s e s u p p l e m e n t a r y u n e m p lo y m e n t
c o m p e n s a t i o n p la n s a r e e x c e p t i o n a l l y d e t a i l e d a n d c o m p le x ; th e le n g t h o f t h e s e a g r e e m e n t s
p r e c l u d e r e p r o d u c t i o n in t h i s s t u d y . H o w e v e r , to ro u n d o u t th e p i c t u r e o f l a y o f f p r o c e d u r e s ,
a b r i e f s u m m a r y o f th e F o r d p la n f o l l o w s . 3
T h e F o r d p la n p r o v i d e s t h a t l a i d - o f f w o r k e r s e l i g i b l e f o r S t a t e u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m ­
p e n s a tio n w i l l r e c e iv e c a s h b e n e fits ra n g in g f r o m $ 2 to $ 2 5 a w e e k f o r a m a x im u m o f 26
w e e k s a t one tim e .
T h e s e b e n e f i t s , w h e n c o m b in e d w it h S t a t e u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m p e n s a t io n ,
w i l l p a y a m a x im u m o f 6 5 p e r c e n t o f a n e m p lo y e e 1 s s t r a ig h t - t im e p a y ( a ft e r t a x e s ) f o r a
4 0 - h o u r w o r k w e e k f o r th e f i r s t 4 c o n s e c u t i v e w e e k s a n d t h e r e a f t e r w i l l p r o v i d e a m a x i m u m
o f 6 0 p e r c e n t o f h i s p a y f o r up to 2 2 m o r e w e e k s .
T h e f i r s t b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e in a b e n e f i t
y e a r w i l l b e g in a f t e r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d o f 1 w e e k .
E m p lo y e e s b e c o m e e l i g i b l e f o r b e n e f i t s b y a c q u i r i n g ’’ c r e d i t u n i t s 11 f o r e a c h w o r k ­
w e e k o f a t le a s t 32 h o u rs .
D u r in g th e f i r s t 2 y e a r s o f t h e a g r e e m e n t , w o r k e r s w i t h l e s s
t h a n 1 0 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e w i t h th e c o m p a n y w i l l a c q u i r e a f o u r t h o f a c r e d i t u n it f o r e a c h w e e k
w o r k e d , w h i le t h o s e w it h l o n g e r s e r v i c e w i l l a c q u i r e h a l f a u n it f o r e a c h w e e k o f w o r k .
B e g in n in g w it h th e t h i r d y e a r o f th e a g r e e m e n t a l l w o r k e r s w i l l r e c e i v e h a l f o f a c r e d i t u n it
fo r each w eek .
No e m p lo y e e c a n a c c u m u la t e m o r e th a n 2 6 c r e d i t s .
In t h e e v e n t o f l a y o f f s , e m p l o y e e s w i l l u s e t h e i r e a r n e d c r e d i t u n i t s t o r e c e i v e
b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s f r o m th e t r u s t fu n d .
T h e n u m b e r o f c r e d i t s r e q u i r e d to o b t a i n a w e e k 1 s
b e n e f i t , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly th e d u r a t i o n o f b e n e f i t s , w i l l b e c o n tin g e n t u p o n th e f i n a n c i a l s t a t u s
o f th e fu n d f r o m w h ic h b e n e f i t s a r e p a id , th e a m o u n t o f e a r n e d ’’ c r e d i t s , " a n d th e w o r k e r ' s
s e n i o r i t y w i t h th e c o m p a n y .
B e n e f i t s w i l l n o t b e p a id u n t i l r u l i n g s h a v e b e e n o b t a in e d f r o m a u t h o r i t i e s o f S t a t e s
i n w h ic h t w o - t h i r d s o f th e F o r d w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d t h a t s i m u lt a n e o u s p a y m e n t s u n d e r th e
p la n w i l l n o t r e d u c e o r e l i m i n a t e S t a t e u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e f i t s .
O th e r p r o v is io n s s tip u la te
t h a t t h e p la n w i l l n o t b e c o m e e f f e c t i v e u n t i l th e c o m p a n y h a s r e c e i v e d f a v o r a b l e r u l i n g s w h ic h
( l ) r e c o g n i z e c o m p a n y c o n t r i b u t i o n s to th e fu n d a s d e d u c t i b le e x p e n s e s f o r F e d e r a l i n c o m e
t a x p u r p o s e s ; a n d (2 ) p e r m i t e x c l u s i o n o f c o n t r i b u t i o n s in th e c o m p u t a t io n o f w a g e s f o r p u r ­
p o s e s o f o v e r t i m e p a y u n d e r th e F a i r L a b o r S t a n d a r d s A c t .

3
A ug ust 1955,

S e e T h e 1 9 5 5 F o r d a n d G e n e r a l M o t o r s U n io n C o n t r a c t s , M o n th ly L a b o r R e v i e w
f o r a f u l l e r d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e F o r d s u p p l e m e n t a l u r e m p lo y m e n t b e n e f i t p la n .




41

Appendix: Glossary of Terms
S o m e o f th e m o r e i m p o r t a n t t e r m s u s e d in l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s
c l a s s i f y i n g a n d i d e n t i f y i n g th e i l l u s t r a t i v e
c l a u s e s in t h i s b u l l e t i n a r e d e s c r i b e d
G e n e r a ll y , th e s e d e fin itio n s fo llo w c u r r e n t u s a g e .
In s o m e i n s t a n c e s , h o w e v e r , th e
h a v e a s p e c i a l c o n n o t a t io n a r i s i n g f r o m c o n c e p t s d e v e lo p e d in th e B u r e a u T s t u d y o f
s
r e c a l l , a n d w o r k - s h a r i n g p r o v i s i o n s in c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g a g r e e m e n ts ®

a n d in
below ®
te rm s
la y o ff,

B u m p in g

P r o b a t i o n a r y E m p lo y e e

T he e x e r c is e o f s e n io r it y rig h ts b y an
e m p lo y e e t o d i s p l a c e a s h o r t e r - s e r v i c e e m ­
p lo y e e a t th e t i m e o f l a y o f f , o r th e p r o c e s s
b y w h ic h a n e m p lo y e e w h o s e jo b i s d i s c o n ­
t in u e d m a y t a k e o v e r th e jo b o f a n o t h e r e m ­
p lo y e e w i t h l e s s s e n i o r i t y th a n h i s o w n . T h e
d i s p l a c e d w o r k e r m a y , in t u r n , t a k e o v e r th e
jo b o f a n o t h e r e m p lo y e e w i t h s t i l l l e s s s e n ­
i o r i t y o r , in th e a b s e n c e o f s u c h a n e m p l o y e e ,
m a y b e l a i d off®

A n e w ly h i r e d e m p lo y e e w h o i s u n d e r g o in g
a t r i a l p e rio d , an d w h o u s u a lly h a s no s e n io r ­
i t y r i g h t s o r jo b p r o t e c t i o n u n d e r th e c o n t r a c t .
P ro b a tio n a ry

P e r io d

T h e le n g t h o f t i m e , i m m e d i a t e l y s u b s e ­
q u e n t t o h i r i n g , d u r in g w h ic h a n e m p lo y e e i s
on t r i a l w i t h th e e m p l o y e r . D u r in g t h i s p e r i o d ,
th e e m p lo y e e d o e s n o t h a v e p e r m a n e n t s t a t u s
o r s e n io rity .

C o n tra c tin g - O u t o r S u b c o n tra c tin g
R e c a ll
C o n tra c tin g o f w o r k g e n e r a lly p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s in th e b a r g a i n i n g u n it c o v e r e d b y
th e a g r e e m e n t to a n o t h e r f i r m o r plant®

T he r e h i r e , r e e m p lo y m e n t, o r
w o r k f o llo w i n g a la yo ff®

D is m is s a l P a y

R e d u c tio n o f F o r c e s

T h e p a y m e n t b y th e e m p l o y e r o f a s u m
o f m o n e y to a n e m p lo y e e l a i d o f f t h r o u g h n o
f a u l t o f h i s own®
S o m e tim e s k n o w n a s d i s ­
m is s a l w a g e o r a llo w a n c e , s e p a ra tio n p a y ,
la y o f f p a y , te r m in a tio n p a y o r a llo w a n c e , o r
f u r lo u g h p a y .

T he c u rta ilm e n t

re tu rn

o f p e rs o n n e l b y

to

la y o ff®

R e g u l a r E m p lo y e e
A n e m p lo y e e w h o h a s a t t a i n e d s e n i o r i t y
w i t h th e e m p l o y e r a f t e r c o m p le t in g h i s p r o b a ­
t i o n a r y p e rio d ®

E lig ib ility fo r R e c a ll
S e n i o r E m p lo y e e
T h e r i g h t to b e r e c a l l e d w h e n w o r k a g a in
b e c o m e s a v a i l a b l e p r o v i d e d th e l a i d o f f e m ­
p l o y e e s t i l l h a s s e n i o r i t y w it h th e f i r m a t th e
t i m e o f r e c a ll® T h is m a y b e s t a t e d in e i t h e r
p o s i t i v e o r n e g a t i v e t e r m s , e® g® , e m p lo y e e s
s h a l l r e t a i n t h e i r s e n i o r i t y f o llo w i n g l a y o f f
p r o v i d e d th e l a y o f f d o e s n o t e x c e e d a s p e c i f i e d
p e r io d o f tim e o r s e n io r it y w i ll be lo s t i f e m ­
p l o y e e s a r e l a i d o f f m o r e th a n a s p e c i f i e d
p e rio d o f tim e .
L a y o ff
A t e m p o r a r y o r in d e fin ite s e p a r a tio n fr o m
e m p lo y m e n t , w it h o u t p r e j u d i c e , a s a r e s u l t o f
s la c k w o rk o r b e c a u s e o f o th e r r e a s o n s .
P rio rity
T h is t e r m i s
s o m e tim e s u s e d s y n o n y ­
m o u s l y w i t h s e n io r ity ® It r e f e r s to th e e q u i t y
u s e d b y a n e m p lo y e e in c la i m in g r i g h t s to a
jo b o r in b u m p in g ( o r b id d in g ) a s o u t li n e d b y
th e c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g a g r e e m e n t®



A n e m p lo y e e w it h l o n g e r s e r v i c e in r e l a ­
tio n to o t h e r e m p lo y e e s ®
S e n io rity
A t e r m u s e d to d e s i g n a t e a n e m p l o y e e ' s
s t a t u s in a p la n t a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h le n g t h o f
r e c o g n i z e d s e r v ic e ®
S e n i o r i t y a l s o r e f e r s to
e m p lo y m e n t r i g h t s w h ic h a n e m p lo y e e g a in s
o v e r o t h e r e m p l o y e e s b y v i r t u r e o f h i s le n g t h
o f s e r v ic e ®
S t r a i g h t S e n i o r i t y ®----- S e n i o r i t y
s o l e l y th r o u g h le n g t h o f s e r v ic e ®

a c q u ire d

Q u a li f i e d S e n i o r i t y ® A ty p e o f s e n i o r i t y
—
w h e re in o th e r fa c to r s su ch a s a b ility a r e c o n ­
s i d e r e d in c o n ju n c t i o n w i t h le n g t h o f s e r v ic e ®
C u m u l a t i v e S e n i o r i t y ®— S e n i o r i t y a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h t o t a l le n g t h o f r e c o g n i z e d s e r v i c e
d u r in g o n e o r m o r e p e r i o d s o f e m p lo y m e n t
in th e s e n i o r i t y unit®

42
S e n io rity L is ts
T h e c o m p i l a t i o n o f n a m e s a c c o r d i n g to
s t a t u s a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h r e c o g n i z e d le n g t h o f
s e r v i c e in a p la n t o r o t h e r u n it o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t.

S e n i o r i t y U n it
T h e g e o g r a p h i c , o c c u p a t i o n a l, o r f u n c ­
t i o n a l s e c t i o n o r u n it w i t h i n w h ic h th e e m ­
p lo y e e e x e r c i s e s h i s s e n i o r i t y r i g h t s .
T he
s e n i o r i t y u n it m a y b e a r r a n g e d a c c o r d i n g
to :
C o m p a n y w id e S e n i o r i t y . — L e n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e c o m p u t e d f r o m th e d a te o f h i r i n g in to
th e c o m p a n y .
A ll e m p lo y e e s , r e g a r d le s s o f
p la n t l o c a t i o n , r a n k e d o n th e s a m e s e n i o r i t y
lis t.

P la n t S e n i o r i t y . — T h e le n g t h o f t i m e a n
e m p lo y e e h a s w o r k e d in th e p l a n t .
A ll e m ­
p lo y e e s o f th e p la n t r a n k e d on th e s a m e s e n ­
io rity lis t.
D e p a r t m e n t S e n i o r i t y . —T h e le n g t h o f t i m e
a n e m p lo y e e h a s w o r k e d in a p a r t i c u l a r d e ­
p a rtm e n t.




J o b S e n i o r i t y . —T h e le n g t h o f t i m e a n e m ­
p lo y e e h a s w o r k e d on a p a r t i c u l a r jo b o r in a
p a r t i c u l a r jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
O c c u p a t io n a l S e n i o r i t y . — T h e s t a t u s a c ­
q u i r e d b y a n e m p lo y e e o n th e b a s i s o f r e c ­
o g n iz e d s e r v i c e in a n o c c u p a t i o n .
O ccupa­
t i o n a l s e n i o r i t y m a y b e s y n o n y m o u s w i t h jo b
s e n io rity .
S u p e rs e n io rity
T h e g r a n t i n g o f " to p s e n i o r i t y 11 t o i n d i ­
v id u a l e m p lo y e e s o r g ro u p s o f e m p lo y e e s .
A p r e f e r e n c e o v e r o th e r e m p lo y e e s n o t b a s e d
u p o n le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
T e m p o r a r y E m p lo y e e
A n e m p lo y e e h i r e d f o r a l i m i t e d p e r i o d
o f tim e o r fo r a s p e c ific p r o je c t w h o h a s no
s e n io r it y r ig h ts o r o th e r p r i v i le g e s in c id e n t
to p e r m a n e n t s t a t u s .
W o rk -S h a rin g
A n a r r a n g e m e n t e m p lo y e d in l i e u o f l a y ­
o f f w h e r e b y th e a v a i l a b l e w o r k d u r in g s l a c k
p e r i o d s i s s p r e a d a s e v e n l y o r e q u i t a b ly a s
p o s s i b l e b y r e d u c in g e a c h w o r k e r rs d a i l y o r
w e e k ly h o u r s .

43

Index of Clauses
Clause
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
W o v e n label c o m p a n i e s ( N e w J e r s e y a n d N e w Y o r k ) --------------------------------- Unit ed Textile W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

1

R a d i o C o n d e n s e r Co. -----------------------------------------------------------------International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

2

Un ited Sh o e M a c h i n e r y C o r p . --------------------------------------------------------United Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

3

Sylvania Electric Pr od uc ts , Inc, ------------ ----------------------------------------International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

4

U n it ed P i e c e D y e W o r k s --------------------------------------------------------------Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

5

Industrial As so ci at io n of Juvenile A p p a r e l M a n u f a c t u r e r s , Inc. ------------------International L a di es * G a r m e n t W o r k e r s * U n i o n

6

T h e P e o p l e s G a s Light a n d C o k e Co. ------------------------------------------------F e d e r a l L a b o r U n i o n (This is a local un io n directly c h a r t e r e d b y the
A m e r i c a n F e d e r a t i o n of L a b o r )

7

Container C o r p o r a t i o n of A m e r i c a —
.. ____________________________
International Printing P r e s s m e n a n d A s s i s t a n t s 1 U n i o n
of N o r t h A m e r i c a

8

____

_____ -

—

-

9

P r o g r e s s i v e R e s t a u r a n t O w n e r s Association, Inc. _____________________ ________
Hotel a n d R e s t a u r a n t E m p l o y e e s a n d B a r t e n d e r s International U n i o n

-

10

Industrial Council of Cloak, Suit a n d Skirt M a n u f a c t u r e r s
International L a d i e s * G a r m e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n i o n

—

11

E r i e Resistor Co rp . — ----------------------------------------- ------International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

___

E m p l o y e r s 1 As so ci at io n of R o o f e r s a n d Sheet M e t a l W o r k e r s
Sheet M e t a l W o r k e r s International Association

—

—

___

—

----

____

-

__

—

12

-

A s s o c i a t e d C o r s e t a n d B r a s s i e r e M a n u f a c t u r e r s , Inc. ______________
International La di es * G a r m e n t W o r k e r s * U n i o n

- __

—

G e n e r a l Building Co nt ra ct or s Association, Inc. _______________ ____
United B r o t h e r h o o d of C a r p e n t e r s a n d Joiners of A m e r i c a

_____ ____ __

13

14

Industrial Association of Juvenile A p p a r e l M a n u f a c t u r e r s , Inc. ____________________
International La d i e s * G a r m e n t W o r k e r s * U n i o n

15

M e a t M a r k e t s (Minneapolis, M i n n e s o t a ) ____
^ T
A m a l g a m a t e d M e a t Cutters a n d B u t c h e r W o r k m e n of N o r t h A m e r i c a

16

_____ ___ _

B o s t o n A p p a r e l G u i l d _________ __
International La di es * G a r m e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n i o n
C h i c a g o Boiler M a n u f a c t u r e r s A s s n .
— ________ __________________
International B r o t h e r h o o d of B o i l e r m a k e r s , Iron Ship Builders,
Blacksmiths, F o r g e r s an d Helpers

17

_
_

A s s o c i a t e d F u r C o a t a n d T r i m m i n g M a n u f a c t u r e r s , Inc.
_
_
_
F u r a n d L e a t h e r Division of the A m a l g a m a t e d M e a t Cutters a n d B u t c h e r

W o r k m e n of N o r t h A m e r i c a


18

19

44

Clause
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
United P i e c e D y e W o r k s ---------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

20

Cotton A p p a r e l a n d R o b e P r o d u c e r s As sociation of the U. S.
International L a d i e s 1 G a r m e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n i o n

21

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Painting a n d De co ra ti ng Co nt ra ct or s Association ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B r o t h e r h o o d of Painters, D e c o r a t o r s a n d P a p e r h a n g e r s of A m e r i c a

22

U n i o n Electric C o m p a n y of M i s s o u r i -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

23

P a n A m e r i c a n P e t r o l e u m a n d T r a n s p o r t Co. ------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------Oil, C h e m i c a l a n d A t o m i c W o r k e r s International U n i o n

24

P. R. M a l l o r y a n d Co. , Inc.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

25

L a c l e d e G a s Co. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________
Oil, C h e m i c a l a n d A t o m i c W o r k e r s International U n i o n

26

E m p i r e State C h a i n Store C l e a n e r s Association, Inc.
A m a l g a m a t e d Clothing W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

27

—

—

--------------------------------------------------------

--------------------

G e n e r a l P e t r o l e u m C o r p . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -----------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e e s U n i o n of G e n e r a l P e t r o l e u m Co rp . of California

28

C o l u m b u s a n d S o ut he rn O h i o Electric Co. _____________________________________________________________________________
International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

29

T h e C h e s a p e a k e a n d P o t o m a c T e l e p h o n e Co. of Virginia
C o m m u n i c a t i o n s W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

30

------------------------------------

International H a r v e s t e r Co. _____ __________________ ________
______
United Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a
_____ — __________________________
E a t o n M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co.
M e c h a n i c s Educational Society of A m e r i c a

—

—

—

_____

___________

32A

D o e h l e r - J a r v i s Co rp . , Jarvis Division —
___________________________________
_____
—
__________
International U n i o n of Un it ed A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural I m p l e m e n t
W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

32B

H e n r y Disston a n d Sons, Inc. ____
_
_
F e d e r a l L a b o r U n i o n (This is a local union directly c h a r t e r e d b y the
A m e r i c a n F e de ra ti on of L a b o r )

33

Retail D r ug gi st s ( N e w Y o r k Metrop ol it an A r e a ) __________________________________ __________________
Retail, W h o l e s a l e a n d D e p a r t m e n t Store U n i o n

34

T h e B a l t i m o r e Transit Co. - ____________________________________________________ ____ _______________ __
A m a l g a m a t e d Association of Street, Electric R a i l w a y a n d M o t o r C o a c h
E m p l o y e e s of A m e r i c a

35

D u n l o p Tire a n d R u b b e r Co rp . ________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
United R u b b e r , Co r k , L i n o l e u m a n d Plastic W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

36

W i l s o n F o u n d r y a n d M a c h i n e Co.

37

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

___________

31

______

—

__

---------------

_

International U n i o n of Unit ed A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural

T --------- 1 -------. ? __
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ --- - J- TI T _ ............ _ r A .
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

45

Cl a u s e
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
A . O. S m i t h Corp. ________________________________________ ______________________________
F e d e r a l L a b o r U n i o n (This is a local union directly c h a r t e r e d b y the
A m e r i c a n Fe d e r a t i o n of L a b o r )

38

S p e r r y G y r o s c o p e Co. , Division of S p e r r y Corp. --------------------- ---------------E n g i n e e r s As sociation

39

B r i g g s a n d Stratton Co rp . -------------------------------------------------------------International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

40

T h i l m a n y Pu l p a n d P a p e r Co. --------------------- ------------------------------------International B r o t h e r h o o d of P a p e r M a k e r s a n d International B r o t h e r h o o d
of Pulp, Sulphite a n d P a p e r Mill W o r k e r s

41

M i n n ea po li s A u t o m o b i l e D e a l e r s 1 A s s o c i a t i o n --- --------------------- -----------International B r o t h e r h o o d of T e a m s t e r s , Chauffeurs, W a r e h o u s e m e n
a n d H e l p e r s of A m e r i c a

42

T h e N e w Y o r k a n d P e n n s y l v a n i a Co. , Inc0 ------- --------------------- — --------United M i n e W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a , District 50 a n d Unit ed Construction
Workers

43

T h e Y o u n g s t o w n Sheet a n d T u b e Co. -------------- ----------------------------------United St ee lw or ke rs of A m e r i c a

44

T h e Lo ui s Allis Co. — ------------------------- --------------------------------------International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

45

A m e r i c a n V i s c o s e Corp . ______ — ________
Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

__________________________________________

46

R. W a l l a c e a n d So ns M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co. ___
International J e w e l r y W o r k e r s U n i o n

—

__

47

_______________ ________

_________

48

________

—

49

F o r s t m a n n W o o l e n Co. _________________________
Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

_____________________

—

T h e Heil Co. ______ — — ________________________
United St e e l w o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

____

—

____

________

_____

G e n e r a l M o t o r s Corp . ___
_____
International U n i o n of Un ited A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

50

T h e N e w Y o r k A i r B r a k e Co. __ ____
International As so ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

_ _

51

H o o d R u b b e r Co. , Division of the B. F. G o o d r i c h Co.
F e d e r a l L a b o r U n i o n (This is a local union directly ch ar t e r e d b y the
A m e r i c a n Fe de r a t i o n of L a b o r )

52

Sealed P o w e r Corp . _____ ________ ________ ________ __________________ __ _________
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

53

M u e l l e r B r a s s Co. _ _
....
____ ____ . ,
.
.
t
International U n i o n of Un ited A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

54

R a y b e s t o s M a n h a t t a n , Inc., M a n h a t t a n R u b b e r D iv ision
Manhattan Rubber Wo rk er s



_

T r
l

55

46
Clause
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
B o t a n y Mills, Inc. ---------------------------------------------------------------------Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

56

I n t e r w o v e n Stocking C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------A m e r i c a n F e d e r a t i o n of H o s i e r y W o r k e r s

57

H a r b i s o n - W a l k e r Refractories Co. ---------------------------------------------------United Stone a n d Allied P r o d u c t s W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

58

H i c k o k M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co. , Inc. -------------------------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r In de pe nd en t U n i o n

59

A . a n d M . K a r a g h e u s i a n , Inc. --------------------------------------------------------Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

60

N e w Y o r k T e l e p h o n e Co. __________________________
T e l e p h o n e Traffic U n i o n ( N e w Y o r k )

--------

61

C u t l e r - H a m m e r , Inc. ------------------------------------------------------------------International As so ci at io n of M a c h i n i s t s

62

S i m m o n s Co. _____________________________________________________________________________
F e d e r a l L a b o r U n i o n (This is a local union directly c h a r t e r e d b y the
A m e r i c a n Fe d e r a t i o n of L a b o r )

63

T h e Singer M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co. ____________________ _____ — __________________
International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

____

64

A m e r i c a n M a c h i n e a n d F o u n d r y Co. __________ — --------------- ----------International U n i o n of Un ited A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

-----

65

—

--------

-----------

N e w Y o r k State Electric a n d G a s Co rp . ----------------------------------------------International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

66

M i c h i g a n Bell T e l e p h o n e Co. ___________________________________________________________
C o m m u n i c a t i o n s W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

67

International Plainfield M o t o r Co. _________ _________________________ ________
International U n i o n of Un it ed A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

____

68

Un ited Aircraft Co rp . __________________________________________________________________
International Asso ci at io n of Ma c h i n i s t s

69

T h e N e w H a v e n C l o c k a n d W a t c h Co. ___ _____________________________________________
Retail, W h o l e s a l e a n d D e p a r t m e n t Store U n i o n

70

D o u g l a s Aircraft Co. , Inc. _ ________ _____________________ .. _____ _______________
International U n i o n of Unit ed A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

71

A m e r i c a n V i s c o s e Co rp . , Sylvania D i v i s i o n __________________________________________
Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

72

W i l l i a m P o w e l l Co. _____________________________________________________________________
United S t e e l w o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

73

T h e D o w C h e m i c a l Co. __________________________________________________________________
International U n i o n of Op er at in g E n g i n e e r s

74

W a l t h a m W a t c h Co.

75

____ ____

Am
 e r i c a n W a t c h W o r k e r s U n i o n


________

47
Cl a u s e
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
G e n e r a l M o t o r s Co rp . ---------- --------------------------------------------------------International U n i o n of Un ited A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

76

Pacific G a s a n d Electric Co. -----------------------------------------------------------International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

77

T h e International Nickel Co. , Inc* ----------------------------------------------------United St ee lw o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

78

D o u g l a s Aircraft Co. , Inc. -------------------International As so ci at io n of M a c h i n i s t s

79

--------------- -----------

—

-----

International H a r v e s t e r Co. ( W i s c o n s i n Steel W o r k s ) ----------------------- ---------P r o g r e s s i v e Steel W o r k e r s
D o u g l a s Aircraft Co. , Inc. -------------------------------------------So ut he rn California Professional E n g i n e e r i n g As so ci at io n
C e l a n e s e C o r p . of A m e r i c a --------------------------Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

-----------

—

-------------------- - ---------

80

81

82

-----

83

Consol id at ed Vultee Aircraft Co rp . ______________________________________________ ______
International As so ciation of Ma ch i n i s t s

84

O h i o Cr a n k s h a f t Co. _____________________________________________________________________
International U n i o n of Unit ed A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

85A

O h i o E d i s o n Co.
— _____________________________________________
Utility W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

85B

W y a n d o t t e C h e m i c a l s C o r p . --------------------------------------- ----------United M i n e W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a , District 50 a n d United Construction
Workers

—

________

—

_____

N i a g a r a M o h a w k P o w e r C o r p . ________________________ ________ _______________ —
International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a
T o l e d o E d i s o n Co. ___________________________ _______________________________
International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

__

_________

85C

86

Repu bl ic Aviation C o r p . ----------------------------------------------------------------International Asso ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

87A

Hotel E m p l o y e r s Asso ci at io n of S a n F r a n c i s c o _
__
Hotel a n d R e s t a u r a n t E m p l o y e e s a n d B a r t e n d e r s International U n i o n

87B

T h e D W G Ci g a r Co r p . _____ _____ ______
_ _ _
International U n i o n of United B r e w e r y , Flour, Cereal, Soft D r i n k a n d
Distillery W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

87C

A m e r i c a n V i s c o s e Co r p . ____
_
Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

88A

_

__

A . a n d M . K a r a g h e u s i a n , Inc. __________________________________________________________
Textile W o r k e r s U n i o n of A m e r i c a

88B

W a g n e r Electric C o r p . __ — ______________________
International U n i o n of Electrical, R a d i o a n d M a c h i n e W o r k e r s

88C

Realty A d v i s o r y B o a r d on L a b o r Relations, Inc.

Building Service E m p l o y e e s International U n i o n


_

_

_____

89

48

Clause
Number

E m p l o y e r a n d union
W a s h i n g t o n G a s Light Co. -------------------------------International C h e m i c a l W o r k e r s U n i o n

------------------------ ___

90

B e t h l e h e m Steel Co. , Shipbuilding D i v i s i o n --------------------------------------- ____
Industrial U n i o n of M a r i n e a n d Shipbuilding W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

91

S u n b e a m C o r p . ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---International Asso ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

92

U n it ed Aircraft Co rp . (Sikorsky A i r c r a f t ) ---------------------------------------- ____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

93

City L a u n d r y O w n e r ! A s s n . _______________________________________
s
L a u n d r y W o r k e r s International U n i o n

______________ ----

94

Caterpillar T r a c t o r Co. ---- ------------------------------------------------------- ---International As so ci at io n of Ma ch in is ts

95

________

-----

96

G e n e r a l T e l e p h o n e Co. of C a l i f o r n i a -------------------------------------------C o m m u n i c a t i o n s W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

_----

97

---- ----

98

B o r g - W a r n e r Co r p . , Detroit G e a r Division _________________________ ___ _______ ____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

99

M o t o r W h e e l C o r p . ___________________________________________ ________ __________ ____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

100

H e r c u l e s P o w d e r Co.
International C h e m i c a l W o r k e r s U n i o n

____

101

____ ____

102

T h o m p s o n Prod uc ts , Inc. _____________________________________________
Aircraft W o r k e r s Alliance

A v c o M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co. , B r i d g e p o r t - L y c o m i n g Division ----------------International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

A r m c o Steel Co rp . , Rustless Division ___________
United St e e l w o r k e r s of A m e r i c a
G e n e r a l A m e r i c a n Tr ansportation Co rp »
Unit ed St ee l w o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

___________

_________________ . -

103

Continental C a n Co. , Inc. ________________________________________________________ ____
United St ee lw o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

104

T h e G e n e r a l Ti re a n d R u b b e r Co. ___________________________________________ _________
United R u b b e r , C o r k , L i n o l e u m a n d Plastic W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

105

J o h n M o r r e l l a n d C o . __
A m a l g a m a t e d M e a t Cutters a n d B u t c h e r W o r k m e n of N o r t h A m e r i c a

____

106A

A r m o u r a n d Co. ____________________________________________________________ _______ ____
A m a l g a m a t e d M e a t Cutters a n d B u t c h e r W o r k m e n of N o r t h A m e r i c a

106B

A m e r i c a n M o t o r s C o r p . , Kelvinator D i v i s i o n ____________________________________ .
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

106C




______________________

___________

49

Clause
Number

E m p l o y e r an d union
L i m a - H a m i l t o n Co rp . -------------------------------------------------------------International U n i o n of Un ited A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

107

A l u m i n u m C o m p a n y of A m e r i c a --------------------------------------------------A l u m i n u m T r a d e s Council

108

L a k e y F o u n d r y a n d M a c h i n e Co. ---------------------------------------------------____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

109

A l u m i n u m C o m p a n y of A m e r i c a --------------------------------------------------Association of A l u m i n u m Salaried E m p l o y e e s

110

A l u m i n u m C o m p a n y of A m e r i c a --------------------------------------------------United St ee l w o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

111

National L o c k Co. ______________________________________________________ __________ ____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

112

R o y a l T y p e w r i t e r Co. ----------------------------------------- --------- ------International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

113

T h e N e w Britain M a c h i n e Co. - -------------------------------------International Asso ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

--------

S u n b e a m C o r p . ____________________________________ _______________________________
International Asso ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

-____

114

-.

115

D a n a Co rp . , Spicer M a n u f a c t u r i n g D i v i s i o n ----- -------------------------------- ____
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

116

United E n g i n e e r i n g a n d F o u n d r y Co. ____ _______________________
International As so ci at io n of M a ch in is ts

117

A . Eo Staley M a n u f a c t u r i n g Co. _________________________
United A u t o m o b i l e W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

__ __ ____ _____

_____________________

.
.

118

National Electric P r o d u c t s Co rp . ____________________ ___________________________
International B r o t h e r h o o d of Electrical W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

119

T h e M o n s a n t o C h e m i c a l Co. __________________
International C h e m i c a l W o r k e r s U n i o n

120

________________________

T h e M i c h i g a n Bell T e l e p h o n e Co. __________________________________
C o m m u n i c a t i o n s W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a
Caterpillar T r a c t o r Co. _ _ _
_
International Association of M a ch in is ts

______________ ___

122

Continental M o t o r s Co r p . __________________________________________________________ ___
International U n i o n of United A u t o m o b i l e , Aircraft a n d Agricultural
I m p l e m e n t W o r k e r s of A m e r i c a

123

.

__

r .. ... . . _
..
.

121

.
___

T h e National S u g a r Refining Co. ___ _
International B r o t h e r h o o d of L o n g s h o r e m e n

_

__ ___ __

r.

S p e r r y C o rp . , F o r d In strum ent D iv isio n ____________________________
In tern ation al U nion o f E le c t r ic a l , R a d io and M ach ine W o rk e rs



125

50

C la u s e
N um ber

E m p lo y e r a n d u n io n
T h e S tu d e b a k e r C o rp . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

1

T h e Y a le a n d T o w n e M a n u fa c tu r in g C o . , S ta m fo r d D iv is io n ---------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

127

S te w a r t- W a r n e r C o rp . -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o th e r h o o d o f E le c t r ic a l W o rk e r s o f A m e r ic a

128

C u r t is s - W r ig h t C o rp . , P r o p e lle r D iv is io n --------------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

129

S e r v e l, In c . ________________________________________________________________________________
U n ite d E le c t r ic a l, R a d io a n d M a c h in e W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

130

T h e E m e r s o n E le c t r ic M a n u fa c tu r in g C o . ------------- -------------------------------------------- ---------I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f E le c t r ic a l, R a d io a n d M a c h in e W o rk e r s

131

C a t e r p illa r T r a c t o r C o . __________________________________________________________________
In te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

132

W e s tin g h o u s e E le c t r ic C o rp . _______________________________ — ---------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o th e r h o o d o f E le c t r ic a l W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

133

G lo b e -U n io n , In c . ____ ___________________________________________________________________
U n ite d A u to m o b ile W o rk e r s o f A m e r ic a

134

D o u g la s A i r c r a f t C o . , In c . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

135

G e n e ra l T e le p h o n e C o . o f th e S o u th w e s t _______________________________________________
C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

136

T h e M o s a ic T ile C o . ______________________________________________________________________
U n ite d G la s s a n d C e r a m ic W o r k e r s o f N o r th A m e r ic a

137

R e o M o t o r s , In c . __________________________________________________________________________
In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

138

C u d a h y P a c k in g C o . _______________________________________________________________________
U n ite d P a c k in g h o u s e W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

139

B o r g - W a r n e r C o rp . , D e t r o it G e a r D iv is io n ___________________________________________
I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

140

F ilm P r o c e s s in g (N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e rs e y ) ____ _____ ___________________________
I n te r n a tio n a l A llia n c e o f T h e a t r ic a l S tage E m p lo y e s a n d M o v in g P ic t u r e
M a c h in e O p e r a to r s o f th e U n ite d S ta te s a n d C a n a d a

141

C e la n e s e C o rp . o f A m e r i c a ______
_
U n ite d M in e W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

142A

L a n e C o tto n M i l l s C o . _ _
_
U n ite d T e x tile W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a
U n io n C a rb id e a n d C a rb o n C o rp . ( B a k e lite C o . )
C h e m ic a l a n d C r a fts U n io n , In c .
C u m m in s E n g in e C o . , In c .
U n io n

e l W o r k e r s
D ie s


. . . ,m
Tr-T„n _
_

2

_ ................... ^
143
144

6

51
^ 1 2LX1S 6

E m p lo y e r a n d u n io n

N um ber

W o rth in g to n C o rp . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d S te e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

145

L e e R u b b e r a n d T ir e C o rp . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d R u b b e r, C o r k , L in o le u m a n d P la s tic W o rk e r s o f A m e r ic a

146

A c m e S te e l C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d S te e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

147

I . T . E . C ir c u it B r e a k e r C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E le c t r ic a l S w itc h g e a r U n io n

148

L o u is M a r x a n d C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il, W h o le s a le a n d D e p a rtm e n t S to re U n io n

149

A v c o M a n u fa c tu r in g C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

150A

T h e C in c in n a ti G a s a n d E .le c tr ic C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In d e p e n d e n t U t ilit ie s U n io n

150B

S im p s o n L o g g in g C o . __________________________________________________________________________
In te r n a tio n a l W o o d w o rk e rs o f A m e r ic a

151

R e p u b lic A v ia t io n C o rp . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

152

C u r t is s - W r ig h t C o rp . , P r o p e lle r D iv is io n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

153

M a g n o lia P e tr o le u m C o . ______________________________________________________________________
A s s o c ia te d P e tr o le u m E m p lo y e e s

154

P e n n s y lv a n ia R u b b e r C o . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d R u b b e r, C o r k , L in o le u m a n d P la s tic W o rk e r s o f A m e r ic a

155

L o s A n g e le s L a u n d r y O w n e rs r A s s o c ia tio n _______________________________________________
L a u n d r y W o r k e r s I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n

156

W illy s M o t o r s , In c . , W ils o n F o u n d ry D iv is io n __________________________________________
In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

157

In te r n a tio n a l H a r v e s te r C o . __________________________________________________________________
F e d e r a l L a b o r U n io n (T h is is a lo c a l u n io n d ir e c t ly c h a r te r e d b y th e
A m e r ic a n F e d e r a tio n o f L a b o r )

158A

J . Fo M c E lw a in C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N e w H a m p s h ire Shoe W o r k e r s U n io n o f N a s h u a

158B

C la y S e w e r P ip e M a n u fa c tu r e r s (O h io , P e n n s y lv a n ia , a n d I n d ia n a ) ___________________
U n ite d B r ic k a n d C la y W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

158C

D o u g la s A i r c r a f t C o . _________________________________________________________________________
I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

159A

N a tio n a l A c m e C o . _____________________________________________________________________________
M e c h a n ic s E d u c a tio n a l S o c ie ty o f A m e r ic a

159B

H o te l A s s o c ia tio n o f W a s h in g to n , D . C . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------H o te l a n d R e s ta u r a n t E m p lo y e e s a n d B a r te n d e r s I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n

160




52

C la u s e
N um ber

E m p lo y e r a n d u n io n
W a s h in g to n M e ta l T r a d e s , In c . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

161

S ta n o lin d O il a n d G as C o . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S ta n o lin d E m p lo y e e s B a r g a in in g A g e n c y

1

D a n a C o rp . , P a r is h P r e s s e d S te e l D iv is io n -------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d S te e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

163

T h e C in c in n a ti G a s a n d E le c t r ic C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o th e r h o o d o f E le c t r ic a l W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

164A

U n io n C a rb id e a n d C a rb o n C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----A to m ic T ra d e s a n d L a b o r C o u n c il

164B

T h e H e il C o . - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d S te e lw o rk e rs o f A m e r ic a

165

S o u th e rn C a lif o r n ia G as C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U t ilit y W o r k e r s U n io n o f A m e r ic a

166

N a tio n a l L o c k C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A ir c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o rk e r s o f A m e r ic a

167

A llis - C h a lm e r s M a n u fa c tu r in g C o . ______________________________________________________
I n te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

168

T h e A m e r ic a n H a rd w a re C o rp . ________ — __________________________ — -------- — I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f M a c h in is ts

169

6

170

U n ite d A u to m o b ile W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a
L a k e y F o u n d ry a n d M a c h in e C o . - _____________ — ________ — _____ — — — ____
In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f U n ite d A u to m o b ile , A i r c r a f t a n d A g r ic u lt u r a l
Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

171

G e n e ra l D y n a m ic s C o rp . , E le c t r ic B o a t D iv is io n ______________________________________
M e ta l T ra d e s C o u n c il

172

S a y le s F in is h in g P la n ts , In c . — _______ ______ — — _____ — — — — ________ S a y le s In d e p e n d e n t U n io n

173

P r o c t o r a n d G a m b le M a n u fa c tu r in g C o . - — — — _____ _____ __
P r o c t o r a n d G a m b le In d e p e n d e n t U n io n o f P o r t I v o r y , N e w Y o r k

_____ ____

174

N e w Y o r k S h ip b u ild in g C o r p . __ _____ ________ _____ — _____ ________________ __ .
I n te r n a tio n a l B r o th e r h o o d o f B o ile r m a k e r s , I r o n S h ip B u ild e r s ,
B la c k s m ith s , F o r g e r s a n d H e lp e rs

175

L ib b e y - O w e n s - F o r d G la s s C o . _______ _____ — __ — ________ __ _____ __ __ ____
U n ite d G la s s a n d C e r a m ic W o r k e r s o f N o r th A m e r ic a

176

F u r n it u r e M a n u fa c tu r e r s (L o s A n g e le s , C a lif o r n ia ) _________________________
U n ite d B r o th e r h o o d o f C a rp e n te rs a n d J o in e rs o f A m e r ic a

177

C h ild r e n ^ C o tto n D re s s a n d S p o rtw e a r C o n tr a c to r s A s s o c ia tio n , In c .
I n te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s 1 G a rm e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n io n
I n d u s t r ia l A s s o c ia tio n o f J u v e n ile A p p a r e l M a n u fa c tu r e r s ...
I n te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s ' G a rm e n t W o r k e r s ’ U n io n



____

178
179

2

53

QX 0
N um ber
3 t\ l S

E m p lo y e r_ a n d u n ion
B o s to n A p p a r e l G u ild -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s 1 G a rm e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n io n

180

N e e d le T ra d e s E m p lo y e r s 1 A s s o c ia tio n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s 1 G a rm e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n io n

181

A s s o c ia tio n o f K n itte d F a b r ic s M a n u fa c tu r e r s , In c . -------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s 1 G a rm e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n io n

182

C ap a n d U n ifo r m M a n u fa c tu r e r s (C h ic a g o , I llin o is ) -------------------------------------------------------------U n ite d H a tte r s , C ap a n d M illin e r y W o r k e r s In te r n a tio n a l U n io n

183

W h o le s a le F u r n it u r e M a n u fa c tu r e r s ( I llin o is a n d M ic h ig a n ) -------------------------------------------- —
U p h o ls te r e r s In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f N o r th A m e r ic a

184

A s s o c ia te d C le a n in g P la n t O w n e rs o f K a n s a s C ity *----------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n o f C le a n in g a n d D ye H o u s e W o r k e r s

185

C h ic a g o L ith o g r a p h e r s A s s o c ia tio n _________________________________________________________
A m a lg a m a te d L ith o g r a p h e r s o f A m e r ic a

186

S tu ffe d T o y M a n u fa c tu r e r s A s s o c ia t io n _____________________________________________________
In te r n a tio n a l U n io n o f D o ll a n d T o y W o r k e r s o f th e U n ite d S ta te s a n d
C anada

187

U n ifo r m M a n u fa c tu r e r s E x c h a n g e , I n c Q ____________________________________________________
A m a lg a m a te d C lo th in g W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

188

A s s o c ia te d C o rs e t a n d B r a s s ie r e M a n u fa c tu r e r s A s s o c ia tio n , I n c . ____________________
I n te r n a tio n a l L a d ie s 1 G a rm e n t W o r k e r s 1 U n io n

189

N e w J e r s e y B e ll T e le p h o n e C o . _____________________________________________________________
C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

190A

R . H . M a c y a n d C o . , In c . ____________________________________________________________________
R e ta il, W h o le s a le a n d D e p a rtm e n t S to re U n io n

190B

F o r s tm a n n W o o le n C o . ________________________________________________________________________
T e x tile W o r k e r s U n io n o f A m e r ic a

191

A m e r ic a n C a n C o . _____________________________________________________________________________
U n ite d S te e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

192

A r m c o S te e l C o r p . _____________________________________________________________________________
U n ite d S te e lw o rk e rs o f A m e r ic a

193

L in e n S u p p ly a n d F la t W o rk A s s o c ia tio n __________________________________________________
A m a lg a m a te d C lo th in g W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

194




U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 O - 377735