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THE JUDICIARY
31.0
99.5

Federal Funds

Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

2
2
2 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

26

2
1

27

29

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

Personnel Summary

For expenses necessary for the operation of the Supreme Court,
as required by law, excluding care of the building and grounds, including purchase or hire, driving, maintenance, and operation of an
automobile for the Chief Justice, not to exceed $10,000 for the purpose of transporting Associate Justices, and hire of passenger motor
vehicles as authorized by 31 U.S.C. 1343 and 1344; not to exceed
$10,000 for official reception and representation expenses; and for
miscellaneous expenses, to be expended as the Chief Justice may
approve; ø$27,157,000¿ $29,278,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations
Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1011

26

27

29

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

26
–26

27
–27

29
–29

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

26

27

29

8
26
–25

8
27
–26

9
29
–28

8

9

CARE

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

BUILDING

AND

364

370

GROUNDS

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

22
3

23
3

24
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

25

26

28

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

26
25

27
26

29
28

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest
court of our country and stands at the apex of the judicial
branch of our constitutional form of government. The U.S.
Supreme Court is the only constitutionally indispensable
court in the Federal court system of the United States. The
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is spelled out in the Constitution and allotted by Congress. The funds herein requested are required to enable the U.S. Supreme Court to
carry out its constitutional and congressionally allotted responsibilities.

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1997 est.

3

1998 est.

3

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
3

4

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

3
–3

1 ...................
3
4
3
–3

4
–4

1 ................... ...................

3

3

4

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
1 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
3
3
4
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–3
–4
–4
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1 ................... ...................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
3
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

3
4
1 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

4

4

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

3
4

4
4

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

1997 est.

1998 est.

11.1
23.3
25.2

1996 actual

1997 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
2

99.9

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

OF THE

364

1998 est.

For such expenditures as may be necessary to enable the Architect
of the Capitol to carry out the duties imposed upon him by the
Act approved May 7, 1934 (40 U.S.C. 13a–13b), ø$2,800,000¿
$3,997,000, of which ø$260,000¿ $485,000 shall remain available until
expended. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

10

40.00

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

10.00

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

Total obligations ........................................................

3

3

4

1998 est.

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

15
1

16
1

17
1

11.9
12.1
25.2
26.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................

16
3
2
1

17
4
3
1

18
4
3
1

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

Total compensable workyears:
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1996 actual

3

1997 est.

1998 est.

3

3

45

46

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
CARE

OF THE

BUILDING

AND

GROUNDS—Continued

Personnel Summary—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

1011

Exempt Full-time equivalent employment .....................

26

1997 est.

1998 est.

26

26

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
THE FEDERAL CIRCUIT
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries of the chief judge, judges, and other officers and employees, and for necessary expenses of the court, as authorized by
law, ø$15,013,000¿ $16,156,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

14

15

16

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

14
–14

15
–15

16
–16

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

14

15

16

1
14
–13

3
15
–14

4
16
–15

3

4

6

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

12
1

11
3

11
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

13

14

15

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

14
13

15
14

16
15

The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
has exclusive nationwide jurisdiction over a large number
of diverse subject areas, such as appeals in all patent cases,
all government contract cases, all international trade cases,
all government personnel cases, all cases involving monetary
claims against the United States under the Tucker Acts, Veterans cases, and many others. Additional subject areas have
been added to this Court’s jurisdiction almost yearly, the most
recent being the Presidential and Executive Office Accountability Act of 1996 and before that the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995. To keep abreast of its varied and growing
jurisdiction, the court is requesting necessary increases in
its funding as detailed below.
The following is a more complete listing of the Federal
Circuit’s exclusive jurisdiction. It hears appeals from: (A) final
decisions of all Federal district courts in cases arising under
28 U.S.C. § 1338(a), relating to patent laws generally, 35
U.S.C. § § 145–146, relating to review of decisions of the Patent and Trademark Office, Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences, 28 U.S.C. § 1346(a)(2), relating to Little Tucker Act
claims against the United States, and section 211 of the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970, section 5 of the Emergency

Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, section 506(c) of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, and section 523 of the Energy
Policy and Conservation Act, relating to all statutes formerly
under the jurisdiction of the Temporary Emergency Court
of Appeals; (B) final decisions of the United States Court
of International Trade, 28 U.S.C. § 2645(c); (C) final decisions
of the United States Court of Veterans Appeals, 38 U.S.C.
§ 7292; (D) final decisions of the United States Court of Federal Claims, 28 U.S.C. § 2522 and 42 U.S.C. § § 300aa–12(f);
(E) final decisions of the High Court of the Trust Territory
of the Pacific Islands, 48 U.S.C. § 1681 note (1988) (Compact
of Free Association; Federated States of Micronesia, Republic
of Marshall Islands, TITLE II, Title One, Article VII, § 174(c));
(F) final determinations of the United States International
Trade Commission relating to unfair practices in import trade
made under 19 U.S.C. § 1337; (G) findings of the Secretary
of Commerce under U.S. note 6 to subchapter X of chapter
98 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States
relating to importation of educational or scientific instruments
and apparatus; (H) final orders or decisions of the Merit Systems Protection Board and certain arbitrators, 5 U.S.C.
§ 7703; (I) final decisions of the General Accounting Office
Personnel Appeals Board, 31 U.S.C. § 755; (J) final decisions
of all agency Boards of Contract Appeals, 41 U.S.C. § 607(g);
(K) final decisions of the Patent and Trademark Office tribunals on patent applications and interferences, trademark applications and interferences, cancellations, concurrent use proceedings, and oppositions, 35 U.S.C. § 142, 15 U.S.C. § 1071,
37 CFR § § 1.304, 2.145; (L) appeals under section 71 of the
Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970; (M) certain actions of
the Secretary of Agriculture, 7 U.S.C. § 2461; (N) certain actions of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 38 U.S.C. § 502;
(O) certain final orders of the Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission relating to certain Presidential appointees, 2
U.S.C. § 1219(a)(3) and 28 U.S.C. § 2344; (P) final decisions
of the Office of Personnel Management under 5 U.S.C.
§ 8902a(g)(2); (Q) certain actions of the Board of Directors
of the Office of Compliance of the U.S. Congress under 2
U.S.C. § 1407(a); and (R) final decisions of certain agencies
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1296. (This is a new section of T.28
established by the Presidential and Executive Office Accountability Act of 1996, P.L. 104–331.)
The Federal Circuit also has exclusive jurisdiction pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(c) of: (1) appealable interlocutory orders
or decrees in cases where the court would otherwise have
jurisdiction over an appeal; and (2) appeals from judgments
in civil actions for patent infringement otherwise appealable
to the court and final except for accounting. Under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1292(d), the court has: (1) exclusive jurisdiction of appeals from interlocutory orders granting or denying, in whole or in part, a motion to transfer an action to
the Court of Federal Claims; and (2) may, in its discretion,
permit an appeal from an interlocutory order of a judge who
certifies that there is a controlling question of law and a
substantial ground for difference of opinion thereon, and that
an immediate appeal may materially advance the ultimate
termination of the litigation. Pursuant to 38 U.S.C.
§ 7292(b)(1), the court has exclusive jurisdiction of certain
interlocutory orders of the Court of Veterans Appeals.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

11.1
12.1
23.1
25.2
31.0
99.5
99.9

1996 actual

1997 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
7
8
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1
1
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
4
4
Other services ................................................................
1
1
Equipment ......................................................................
1 ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
1
Total obligations ........................................................

14

15

1998 est.

9
2
4
1
1
–1
16

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES
Federal Funds

THE JUDICIARY
12.1
23.1
31.0
99.5

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

111

1997 est.

1998 est.

113

122

47

Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1
1
1
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
4
4
5
Equipment ...................................................................... ...................
1 ...................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
1 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

10

11

11

Personnel Summary

UNITED STATES COURT OF INTERNATIONAL
TRADE

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

1011

Federal Funds

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

67

1997 est.

1998 est.

80

80

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries of the chief judge and eight judges, salaries of the
officers and employees of the court, services as authorized by 5 U.S.C.
3109, and necessary expenses of the court, as authorized by law,
ø$11,114,000¿ $11,478,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS,
AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES
Federal Funds
General and special funds:

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

1996 actual

SALARIES
1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

10

11

11

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

10
–10

11
–11

11
–11

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

10

11

11

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
10
11
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–10
–11
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
1

1
11
–11

72.40

1

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

11

11

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

10
10

11
11

11
11

9
11
11
1 ................... ...................

The United States Court of International Trade, established
under Article III of the Constitution of the United States,
was created by the Act of October 10, 1980 (94 Stat. 1727),
effective November 1, 1980, as successor to the former United
States Customs Court. The court has original and exclusive
jurisdiction of civil actions against the United States, its agencies and officers, and certain civil actions brought by the
United States, arising out of import transactions and Federal
statutes affecting international trade. The court possesses all
the powers in law and equity of, or as conferred by statute
upon, a district court of the United States, and is authorized
to conduct jury trials. The geographical jurisdiction of the
court is nationwide and trials before the court may be held
at any place within the jurisdiction of the United States.
The court also is authorized to hold hearings in foreign countries. The principal statutory provisions pertaining to the
court are contained in the following sections of title 28 of
the United States Code: Organization, sections 251 to 257;
Jurisdiction, sections 1581 to 1585; and Procedures, sections
2631–2646.

11.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............

1996 actual

4

EXPENSES

For the salaries of circuit and district judges (including judges
of the territorial courts of the United States), justices and judges
retire from office or from regular active service, judges of the United
States Court of Federal Claims, bankruptcy judges, magistrate
judges, and all other officers and employees of the Federal Judiciary
not otherwise specifically provided for, and necessary expenses of
the courts, as authorized by law, ø$2,556,000,000¿ $2,841,840,000
(including the purchase of firearms and ammunition); of which not
to exceed ø$13,454,000¿ $16,530,000 shall remain available until expended for space alteration projects; øof which $500,000 shall be
transferred to the Commission on Structural Alternatives for the
Federal Courts of Appeals only after legislation is enacted to establish
the Commission;¿ and of which not to exceed $10,000,000 shall remain available until expended for furniture and furnishings related
to new space alteration and construction projectsø; and of which
$500,000 is to remain available until expended for acquisition of
books, periodicals, and newspapers, and all other legal reference materials, including subscriptions¿.
In addition, for expenses of the United States Court of Federal
Claims associated with processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, not to exceed ø$2,390,000¿
$2,450,000, to be appropriated from the Vaccine Injury Compensation
Trust Fund.
øFor an additional amount for expenses relating to additional workload from the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996,
and for Court Security needs, $10,000,000, to remain available until
expended: Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i)
of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985,
as amended: Provided further, That the amount not previously designated by the President as an emergency requirement shall be available only to the extent an official budget request, for a specific dollar
amount that includes designation of the entire amount of the request
as an emergency requirement, as defined in the Balanced Budget
and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended, is transmitted to Congress.¿ (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1997 est.

5

5

303
1,183
394
533

333
1,242
439
575

349
1,333
522
647

00.91
01.21

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

2,413
114

2,589
229

2,851
187

Total obligations ........................................................

2,527

2,818

3,038

21.40

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Courts of appeals ......................................................
00.02
District courts ............................................................
00.03
Bankruptcy courts .....................................................
00.04
Probation/Pretrial .......................................................

10.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

AND

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

1998 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

45

65

37

48

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

22.00

New budget authority (gross) ........................................

2,547

2,789

3,029

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

2,592
–2,527

2,854
–2,818

3,066
–3,038

65

37

28

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
2,433
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................

2,566
2,842
–6 ...................

43.00

2,560

68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

2,433

114

229

187

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,547

2,789

3,029

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

2,842

72.40

207
125
71
2,527
2,818
3,038
–2,604
–2,872
–2,954
–6 ................... ...................
125

71

155

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

2,334
156
114

2,453
190
229

2,660
107
187

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,604

2,872

it provides for the salaries and expenses of the District Court
supporting personnel such as the administrative and legal
aides required to assist the judges in conduct of hearings,
trials, and other judicial functions including all expenses of
operation and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred
by judges and supporting personnel in attending sessions of
court or transacting other official business, and for relocation
expenses, communications, printing, contractual services, supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space, alterations, and related services for United States court facilities.
Bankruptcy Courts.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States bankruptcy judges, and
all such judges who have retired from office or from regular
active service in pursuance of law. In addition, it provides
for the salaries and expenses of the Bankruptcy Court supporting personnel including all expenses of operation and
maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by judges and
supporting personnel in attending sessions of court or
transacting other official business, and for relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual services, supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space, alterations, and related services for United States court facilities.
Probation/Pretrial.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all probation and pretrial services officers and
supporting personnel. It provides for all expenses of operation
and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by probation officers and supporting personnel in attending sessions
of court or transacting other official business, and for relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual services,
supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space,
alterations, and related services for Federal Probation Service
facilities.

2,954

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

–79
–35

–193
–36

–147
–40

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–114

–229

–187

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

2,433
2,490

2,560
2,643

2,842
2,767

88.90

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Funds appropriated under this heading are for the salaries
and benefits of judges and supporting personnel and all operating expenses of the United States courts of appeals, district
courts, bankruptcy courts, and United States Court of Federal
Claims and are shown by activity:
Courts of Appeals.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States circuit judges, and all
such judges who have retired from office or from regular
active service in pursuance of law. In addition, it provides
for the salaries and expenses of the Courts of Appeals supporting personnel such as the administrative and legal aides
required to assist the judges in the hearing and decision
of appeals, and other judicial functions including all expenses
of operation and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by judges and supporting personnel in attending sessions of court or transacting other official business, and for
relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual
services, supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental
of space, alterations, and related services for United States
court facilities.
District Courts.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States district judges, magistrate
judges and all such judges who have retired from office or
from regular active service in pursuance of law. In addition,

11.1
11.3
11.8

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Special personal services payments (retired
judges) ..............................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,154
12

1,277
13

1,434
16

58

61

61

1,224
260
2
25
4
495
23

1,351
293
2
27
4
497
23

1,511
340
3
28
5
536
23

15
7
268
13
77

34
7
271
13
66

39
7
275
14
69

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
2,413
2,588
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
114
230
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

2,850
187
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

Total obligations ........................................................

2,527

2,818

3,038

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1011

25,469

28,313

29,696

21

21

21

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE JUDICIARY
DEFENDER SERVICES
For the operation of Federal Public Defender and Community Defender organizations; the compensation and reimbursement of expenses of attorneys appointed to represent persons under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, as amended; the compensation and reimbursement of expenses of persons furnishing investigative, expert and
other services under the Criminal Justice Act (18 U.S.C. 3006A(e));
the compensation (in accordance with Criminal Justice Act maximums) and reimbursement of expenses of attorneys appointed to assist the court in criminal cases where the defendant has waived
representation by counsel; the compensation and reimbursement of
travel expenses of guardians ad litem acting on behalf of financially
eligible minor or incompetent offenders in connection with transfers
from the United States to foreign countries with which the United
States has a treaty for the execution of penal sentences; and the
compensation of attorneys appointed to represent jurors in civil actions for the protection of their employment, as authorized by 28
U.S.C. 1875(d); ø$308,000,000¿ $329,529,000, to remain available
until expended as authorized by 18 U.S.C. 3006A(i). (The Judiciary
Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05

Obligations by program activity:
Federal public defenders ...............................................
Community defender organizations (grants) .................
Panel attorneys ..............................................................
Transcripts .....................................................................
General administrative expense ....................................

119
39
137
9
1

142
41
140
9
2

160
47
136
10
2

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

305

334

355

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

4
300

1
334

1
355

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

2 ................... ...................
306
–305
1

335
–334

356
–355

1 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
268
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

308
330
2 ...................

43.00
68.00
70.00

Funds appropriated under this heading provide for the administration and operation of the Criminal Justice Act of
1964 (18 U.S.C. 3006A), as amended, which provides for furnishing representation for any person financially unable to
obtain adequate representation who: (1) is charged with a
felony or Class A, B, and C misdemeanor or infraction for
which a sentence to confinement is authorized, or with committing an act of juvenile delinquency, or with a violation
of probation; (2) is under arrest, when such representation
is required by law; (3) is entitled to appointment of counsel
in parole proceedings under chapter 311 of title 18, United
States Code; (4) is charged with a violation of supervised
release or faces modification, reduction, or enlargement of
condition, or extension or revocation of a term of supervised
release; (5) is subject to a mental condition hearing under
chapter 313 of title 18, United States Code; (6) is in custody
as a material witness; (7) is entitled to appointment of counsel
under the sixth amendment to the Constitution; (8) faces
loss of liberty in a case, and Federal law requires the appointment of counsel; (9) is entitled to the appointment of counsel
under 18 U.S.C. 4109; or (10) is seeking relief under section
2241, 2254, or 2255 of title 28, United States Code. Representation includes counsel and investigative, expert, and other
necessary services. The appropriation includes funding for the
compensation and expenses of court-appointed counsel and
persons providing investigative, expert and other services
under the Act, for the operation of the Federal Defender organizations, and for the continuing education and training of
persons providing representational services under the Act. In
addition, this appropriation is available for the compensation
of counsel: (1) appointed pursuant to 5 United States Code
Section 3109 to assist the court in criminal cases where the
defendant has waived representation by counsel; and (2) appointed pursuant to 28 United States Code Section 1875 to
represent jurors in civil actions for the protection of their
employment.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services:
Compensation and out-of-pocket expenses of
court-appointed counsel ...................................
Transcripts ............................................................
Investigators, interpreters, psychiatrists, and
other experts .....................................................
Other services .......................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

99.0
99.0
99.5

268

310

330

32

24

25

25.2

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

300

334

355

25.2
25.2

6
1
4
305
334
355
–309
–330
–356
–2 ................... ...................
1

4

4

99.9

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

267
10
32

305
1
24

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

309

330

356

Total obligations ........................................................

326
5
25

87.00

–32

–24

268
277

310
306

330
331

75
19
3
12

89
22
4
14

100
26
5
16

2

3

3

91
7

99
9

94
10

18
2
1
4
39

20
3
1
4
41

20
3
2
4
47

309
330
24
25
1 ...................

305

334

355

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 est.

1,314

1,482

1998 est.

1,616

–25

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1998 est.

Personnel Summary

1011
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

1997 est.

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
273
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
32
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3

72.40

49

89.00
90.00

FEES

OF

JURORS

AND

COMMISSIONERS

For fees and expenses of jurors as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 1871
and 1876; compensation of jury commissioners as authorized by 28

50

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
23.3

General and special funds—Continued
FEES

OF

JURORS

AND

COMMISSIONERS—Continued

25.2

U.S.C. 1863; and compensation of commissioners appointed in condemnation cases pursuant to rule 71A(h) of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure (28 U.S.C. Appendix Rule 71A(h)); ø$67,000,000¿
$69,651,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the
compensation of land commissioners shall not exceed the daily equivalent of the highest rate payable under section 5332 of title 5, United
States Code. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

26.0
99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services (meals and lodging furnished sequestered juror ......................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................

1

1

1

1
1

1
1

1
1

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
65
69
70
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ................... ...................
1
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
–1 ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

65

68

72

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0925–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

COURT SECURITY

1998 est.

00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Grand jurors ...................................................................
Petit jurors .....................................................................

15
50

16
52

17
55

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

65

68

72

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

8
59

1 ...................
67
72

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

67
–65

68
–68

1 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
59
67
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................
70.00

72
–72

70

2

67

72

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

2
65
–65

3
68
–70

1
72
–72

3

1

1

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
56
66
Outlays from current balances ......................................
9
4
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

69
1
2

72.40

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

65

70

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ................... ...................

72

1997 est.

1998 est.

118

142

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

17
102

1 ...................
141
171

171

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

119
–118

142
–142

171
–171

1 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
102
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

127
170
4 ...................

43.00

131

68.00
70.00

–2

1996 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

10.00

59

87.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

86.90
86.93
86.97

For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, incident to
the procurement, installation, and maintenance of security equipment
and protective services for the United States Courts in courtrooms
and adjacent areas, including building ingress-egress control, inspection of packages, directed security patrols, and other similar activities
as authorized by section 1010 of the Judicial Improvement and Access
to Justice Act (Public Law 100–702); ø$127,000,000¿ $170,304,000,
to be expended directly or transferred to the United States Marshals
Service which shall be responsible for administering elements of the
Judicial Security Program consistent with standards or guidelines
agreed to by the Director of the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts and the Attorney General. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

Appropriation (total) .............................................
102
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

102

170

10

1

141

171

72.40

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

59
65

67
70

70
70

This appropriation provides for the statutory fees and allowances of jurors, refreshments of jurors, and compensation of
land commissioners appointed in condemnation cases pursuant to Rule 71A(h) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Budgetary requirements depend largely on the volume and
length of jury trials demanded by the parties to both civil
and criminal actions and the number of grand juries being
convened by the courts at the request of United States attorneys.

33

39

53

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
79
Outlays from current balances ......................................
33
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

92
34
10

117
39
1

112

136

157

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

–10

–1

131
126

170
156

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0925–0–1–752

11.8
21.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Special personal services
payments ...............................................................
Travel and transportation of persons (jurors) ..........

1996 actual

40
22

1997 est.

42
24

1998 est.

42
25

31
33
39
118
142
171
–112
–136
–157
–4 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

102
112

This appropriation provides for the necessary expenses of
security and protective services for the United States Courts

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE JUDICIARY

in courtrooms and adjacent areas, including building ingressegress control, inspection of packages, directed security patrols, and other similar activities, to be expended directly
or transferred to the United States Marshals Service which
shall be responsible for administering elements of the judicial
facility security program.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

1997 est.

1998 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

4
1
2
120
5

4
1
2
153
9

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
118
132
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
10
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

169
1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

118

Outlays ...........................................................................

142

14

263

118

REGISTRY ADMINISTRATION
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5101–0–2–752

11.1
21.0
23.1
25.2
31.0

3
1
2
102
10

90.00

51

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees, Registry administration, Judiciary ........................
6
5
5
Appropriation:
05.01 Registry administration .................................................
–6
–5
–5
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5101–0–2–752

171

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

6

5

5

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

6
–6

5
–5

5
–5

60.25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

6

5

5

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

1011

1996 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

23

1997 est.

32

1998 est.

34

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5100–0–2–752

1 ................... ...................
6
5
5
–7
–5
–5

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

6
5
5
1 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7

5

5

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

6
7

5
5

5
5

72.40

JUDICIARY FILING FEES

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Filing Fees, U.S. Courts, Judiciary .................................
84
76
81
Appropriation:
05.01 Judiciary filiing fees ......................................................
–84
–76
–81
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5100–0–2–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

86

191

118

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

154
84

152
76

37
81

238
–86

228
–191

118
–118

This schedule reflects funds available to the Federal Judiciary, pursuant to Public Law 100–459, which provides that
any funds collected by the Judiciary as a charge for services
rendered in administering accounts kept in a court’s registry
shall be deposited into this account.

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.25

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

152

84

37 ...................

76

81

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

1
86
–14

72 ...................
191
118
–263
–118

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

Total receipts .............................................................
224
144
146
Appropriation:
05.01 Judiciary automation fund .............................................
–224
–144
–146
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

72 ................... ...................

Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

13
1

39
224

81
37
10.00

87.00

1996 actual

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Advances and reimbursements .....................................
217
137
139
02.02 Proceeds from sale of property .....................................
7
7
7
02.99

72.40

86.97
86.98

JUDICIARY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FUND

14

263

76

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

162

185

176

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

10

75

34

118
21.40

84

1996 actual

81

52

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
15
19 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
6 ................... ...................
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts ...................
–19 ...................

General and special funds—Continued

21.40

JUDICIARY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FUND—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

22.00
22.10

1997 est.

60.25

146

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

21 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

224

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

237
–162

219
–185

180
–176

60.20

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, definite) ...........................

6 ................... ...................

75

34

4

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

2 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

224

144

146
86.97

23.90
23.95
24.40

144

1998 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

2 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

6 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

53
74
93
162
185
176
–138
–166
–177
–3 ................... ...................
74

93

92

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

96
42

115
51

123
54

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

138

166

177

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

224
138

144
166

146
177

The Judiciary Information Technology Fund is a stable and
flexible funding vehicle for the expansion, management, and
use of automation throughout the Judiciary in accordance
with the Long Range Plan for Automation of the Federal
Judiciary. Funds are available without fiscal year limitation.
The Fund consists of deposits from appropriations, reimbursements, Judicial Services Account, user fees, and sale of surplus equipment. Appropriate automation costs are paid directly out of the Fund.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

19 ................... ...................

3 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 est.

14
16
3
3
4
5
32
48
5
13
34
45
9
9
63
46
–2 ...................

1998 est.

15
3
4
48
13
44
8
40
1

The National Fine Center was established in accordance
with the Criminal Fine Improvements Act of 1987, P.L. 100–
185, effective December 11, 1987, which provided authority
(18 U.S.C. 3611 and 3612) for the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to specify that payments of
fines be made to the clerk of the court or as provided by
his authority to ‘‘establish procedures and mechanisms within
the judicial branch for processing fines, restitution, forfeitures
of bail bonds or collateral, and assessments’’ (28 U.S.C.
604(a)(18)). The Victims of Crime Act Reauthorization (P.L.
100–690) amended 42 U.S.C. 10601 to provide a formula by
which funds would be available to the judiciary for administrative costs to carry out the collection of fines and assessments by the judicial branch, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3611
and 3612. In fiscal year 1993, 42 U.S.C. 10601 was amended
by P.L. 102–572 authorizing the first $6.2 million deposited
in the Crime Victims Fund in each of the fiscal years 1993
through 1995 and the first $3.0 million deposited in each
fiscal year thereafter to be made available to the judiciary
for administrative costs to carry out the functions of the judicial branch under sections 3611 and 3612 of Title 18.
The National Fine Center closed on December 31, 1996,
after an independent assessment determined that a national
approach to fine collection was not viable. All unobligated
balances are to be transferred back to the Crime Victims
Fund in FY 1997.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–5115–0–2–752

1997 est.

1998 est.

185

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Other services ................................................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.9
162

11.1
25.2

Total obligations ........................................................

2 ................... ...................

176

Personnel Summary
Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 10–5115–0–2–752
Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

1011

1996 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

7

1997 est.

13

1998 est.

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

4 ...................

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED
STATES COURTS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Federal Funds
1997 est.

1998 est.

General and special funds:
SALARIES

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................

24

1998 est.

13

NATIONAL FINE CENTER

Identification code 10–5115–0–2–752

1011

1997 est.

2 ................... ...................

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts as authorized by law, including travel as authorized

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER
Federal Funds

THE JUDICIARY
by 31 U.S.C. 1345, hire of a passenger motor vehicle as authorized
by 31 U.S.C. 1343(b), advertising and rent in the District of Columbia
and elsewhere, ø$49,450,000¿ $54,108,000, of which not to exceed
$7,500 is authorized for official reception and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

and such other matters as may be assigned by the Supreme
Court and Judicial Conference of the United States.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

53

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1998 est.

1
5
2
7
4
9
14
6

1
5
2
7
5
9
15
6

1
6
2
7
5
11
15
7

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

48
31

50
36

54
38

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

79

86

34
1

36
1

39
1

35
6
1

37
7
1

40
8
1

25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

48
31

50
36

54
38

99.9

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Executive direction ....................................................
00.02
Executive Support ......................................................
00.04
Automation and technology .......................................
00.05
Court programs .........................................................
00.06
Judges programs .......................................................
00.07
Human Resources and Statistics ..............................
00.08
Facilities, Security and Administrative Services .......
00.09
Finance and Budget ..................................................

11.1
11.3

1997 est.

Total obligations ........................................................

79

86

92

92

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

1
1
1
3
3
3
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
79
–79

86
–86

92
–92

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

1011

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

48

50

54

31

36

38

70.00

79

86

92

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

647

645

668

284

278

272

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

Federal Funds
4 ................... ...................
79
86
92
–83
–86
–92

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

83

86

92

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–31

–36

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Federal Judicial Center, as authorized by Public Law 90–219, ø$17,495,000¿ $18,425,000; of which
$1,800,000 shall remain available through September 30, ø1998¿
1999, to provide education and training to Federal court personnel;
and of which not to exceed $1,000 is authorized for official reception
and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1997.)

–38

48
50
54
4 ................... ...................
31
36
38

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

48
52

50
50

54
54

The Office, pursuant to section 604 of title 28, United
States Code, under the supervision and direction of the Judicial Conference of the United States, is responsible for the
administration of the U.S. courts, including the probation and
bankruptcy systems. The principal functions consist of providing staff and services for the courts; conducting a continuous
study of the rules of practice and procedure in the Federal
courts; examining the state of dockets of the various courts;
compiling and publishing statistical data concerning the business transacted by the courts; and administering the Judicial
Survivors Annuity System under title 28, United States Code,
section 376. The Office also is responsible for: the preparation
and submission of the annual budget estimates as well as
supplemental and deficiency estimates; the disbursement of
and accounting for moneys appropriated for the operation of
the courts, the Public Defender Service for the District of
Columbia, and the Federal Judicial Center; the audit and
examination of accounts; the purchase and distribution of supplies and equipment; providing automated data processing
services; securing adequate space for occupancy by the courts;

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Administration and support services ............................
Education and training ..................................................
Research and technology ...............................................

3
11
4

3
10
4

3
11
4

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

18

17

18

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

18
–18

17
–17

18
–18

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

18

17

18

4
18
–17

5
17
–17

5
18
–18

5

5

5

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

14
3

12
5

13
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

17

17

18

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

54

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

18
17

1997 est.

1998 est.

17
17

18
18

This appropriation provides for the operation of the Federal
Judicial Center which was established by the act of December
20, 1967, Public Law 90–219 (81 Stat. 664). The Center is
charged with the responsibility for furthering the development
and adoption of improved judicial administration in the courts
of the United States.

This schedule reflects funds available to the Federal Judicial Center pursuant to Public Law 100–702, which provides
that the purpose of the Federal Judicial Center Foundation
shall be to have sole authority to accept and receive gifts
of real and personal property and services made for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the work of the Federal Judicial
Center and that, gifts of money and proceeds from sales of
other property received as gifts shall be deposited in a separate fund in the Treasury of the United States and disbursed
on the order of the Director of the Center.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5
99.9

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
8
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
2
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
Other services ................................................................
1
Supplies and materials .................................................
1
Equipment (including library) ........................................
1
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

18

1997 est.

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUNDS

1998 est.

8
9
2
2
4
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 ...................
–1 ...................
17

1011

JUDICIARY TRUST FUNDS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–0941–0–1–752
1996 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

TO

For payment to the Judicial Officers’ Retirement Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 377(o), ø$21,000,000¿ $23,000,000, to the Judicial
Survivors’ Annuities Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 376(c),
ø$7,300,000¿ $7,400,000, and to the United States Court of Federal
Claims Judges’ Retirement Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 178(l),
ø$1,900,000¿ $1,800,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)

18

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

PAYMENT

141

1997 est.

1998 est.

147

Obligations by program activity:
Payment to Judicial Officers’ Retirement Fund .............
Payment to Court of Federal Claims Judges Retirement Fund .................................................................
00.03 Payment to Judicial Survivors’ Annuities Fund .............

00.01
00.02

147

1997 est.

1998 est.

24

21

23

2
7

2
7

2
7

10.00

Total obligations (object class 12.1) ........................

33

30

32

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

33
–33

30
–30

32
–32

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

33

30

32

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

33
–33

30
–30

32
–32

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

33

30

32

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

33
33

30
30

32
32

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

DONATIONS, FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER FOUNDATION
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

Identification code 10–8123–0–7–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Appropriation:
05.01 Gifts and donations, Federal Judicial Center Foundation ............................................................................
–1 ................... ...................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8123–0–7–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................

1 ................... ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

This appropriation request would provide funds necessary
to pay the retirement annuities of bankruptcy judges and
magistrate judges, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. sec. 377, the retirement annuities of the United States Court of Federal Claims
judges, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. sec. 178, and annuities to participants’ surviving widows and dependent children, pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. sec. 376.

2 ................... ...................
–1 ................... ...................

Trust Funds
New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.27 Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1 ................... ...................

JUDICIAL OFFICERS’ RETIREMENT FUND
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

Identification code 10–8122–0–7–602

1
1
1
1 ................... ...................
–1 ................... ...................
1

1

1

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ...................
2
2
Receipts:
02.01 Deduction from employee salaries and voluntary contributions ...................................................................
1 ................... ...................

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUNDS—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

THE JUDICIARY
02.02

55

Interest and profits on investments, judicial officers
retirement annuity .....................................................
Federal payment to judicial officers retirement fund,
BRD ............................................................................

4

3

5

05.01

Appropriation:
Judicial survivors’ annuities fund .................................

–28

–28

–32

24

21

23

05.99
07.99

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

–28
4

–28
4

–32
3

Total receipts .............................................................

29

24

28

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Judicial officers’ retirement fund ..................................

29

26

30

–27

–24

–28

Identification code 10–8110–0–7–602

05.99
07.99

–27
2

–24
2

–28
2

00.10

Obligations by program activity:
Judicial Survivor’s Annuity Fund ...................................

9

9

10

10.00

Total obligations (object class 42.0) ........................

9

9

10

2

2

02.04
02.99
04.00

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8122–0–7–602

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.10 Judicial Officers Retirement Fund .................................

10

12

14

10.00

10

12

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested balance ...................................................
1
U.S. Securities:
21.41
Par value ...............................................................
235
21.42
Unrealized discounts ............................................. ...................

259
273
–5 ...................

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

236
28

256
28

275
32

23.90
23.95

264
–9

284
–9

307
–10

2

2

2

24.41
24.42

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

256

275

297

60.26
60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

7
21

7
21

7
25

63.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

28

28

32

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

28

28

32

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

9
–9

9
–9

10
–10

14

Total obligations (object class 42.0) ........................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Treasury balance .......................................................
1 ................... ...................
U.S. Securities:
21.41
Par value ...............................................................
50
71
82
21.42
Unrealized discounts ............................................. ...................
–2 ...................

24.40

259
273
295
–5 ................... ...................

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

51
27

69
24

82
28

23.90
23.95

78
–10

93
–12

110
–14

24.41
24.42

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

69

82

96

New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.26 Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................
60.27 Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

24
3

21
3

23
5

63.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

27

24

28

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

27

24

28

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

9

9

10

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

10
–10

12
–12

14
–14

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

28
9

28
9

32
10

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

10

12

14

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

27
10

24
12

28
14

71
82
96
–2 ................... ...................

This fund provides the retirement annuities of bankruptcy
judges and magistrate judges pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section
377.

The Judicial Survivors’ Annuities Fund (section 376 of title
28, United States Code) was established to receive sums deducted and withheld from salaries of justices, judges, the Director of the Federal Judicial Center, the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, and the Administrative
Assistant to the Chief Justice who have elected to bring themselves within the purview of the above section as well as
amounts received from said judicial officers covering Federal
civilian service prior to date of election.
This fund provides an annuity for participants’ surviving
widows and dependent children.

JUDICIAL SURVIVORS’ ANNUITIES FUND
UNITED STATES COURT

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8110–0–7–602

1996 actual

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Judicial survivors annuity fund, deductions from employees salaries .........................................................
4
02.02 Judicial survivors annuity, interest and profits on
investments ...............................................................
21
02.03 Federal payment to judicial survivors annuities fund
7
02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

04.00

Total: Balances and collections ....................................

1997 est.

OF

FEDERAL CLAIMS JUDGES’ RETIREMENT
FUND

1998 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
4

4

4

4

17
7

20
7

32

28

31

32

32

35

Identification code 10–8124–0–7–602

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Federal payment to Court of Federal Claims Judges’
Retirement Fund ........................................................
2
2
2
Appropriation:
05.01 Claims court judges retirement fund ............................
–2
–2
–2
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

56

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUNDS—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

UNITED STATES COURT

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

OF FEDERAL CLAIMS
FUND—Continued

JUDGES’ RETIREMENT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 10–8124–0–7–602

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: U.S.
Securities: Par value .................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

21.41

23.90
23.95
24.41

1
2

3
2

4
2

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
3
5
6
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: U.S. Securities: Par value .....................................................
3
4
6

60.26

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................

2

2

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
2
2
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

2
1

2

This fund provides the retirement annuities of United
States Court of Federal Claims judges pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
section 178.

The United States Sentencing Commission was established
pursuant to provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control
Act of 1984 (Public Law 98–473, Title II), as amended. The
Commission was created to establish, review, and revise sentencing guidelines, policies, and practices for the Federal
criminal justice system and to advise Congress and the Executive Branch on crime and sentencing policy. The Commission
is also charged with developing means of measuring the degree to which the sentencing, penal, and correctional practices
are effective in meeting the purposes of sentencing as set
forth in new section 3553(a)(2) of Title 18, United States
Code, by section 212(a) of the Act.
The Commission’s mission encompasses a broad spectrum
of research related to disparity in sentencing, prison impact,
recidivism, deterrence, rehabilitation, just punishment, incapacitation, and other areas. The Commission has specific responsibilities to: develop and maintain a comprehensive data
base in order to analyze court application of the guidelines;
evaluate the effects of guideline implementation in meeting
statutory goals; develop training programs and provide assistance to probation officers and others in the criminal justice
system on the application of sentencing guidelines. Recent
criminal statutes, such as the Anti-Terrorism and Effective
Death Penalty Act of 1996 and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Act of 1996, contain provisions which
the Commission must implement within the guideline system.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION
Federal Funds

11.1
11.3

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For the salaries and expenses necessary to carry out the provisions
of chapter 58 of title 28, United States Code, ø$8,490,000¿, $9,480,000
of which not to exceed $1,000 is authorized for official reception
and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1997.)

11.9
12.1
25.2
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
5
Other than full-time permanent ............................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1998 est.

5
5
1 ...................

5
6
1
2
1
1
2 ...................

5
2
1
1

9

9

9

Personnel Summary
1997 est.

1998 est.

Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

1011

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

9

9

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
9

1 ...................
8
9

10.00

1996 actual

Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

9

21.40

1996 actual

1997 est.

103

1998 est.

108

108

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

10
–9

9
–9

9
–9

1 ................... ...................

9

8

9

For activities of the Federal Judiciary as authorized by law,
ø$30,000,000¿ $50,000,000, to remain available until expended, which
shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, as
authorized by section 190001(a) of Public Law 103–322, and sections
818 and 823 of Public Law 104–132. (The Judiciary Appropriations
Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

72.40

3
9
–8

3
9
–9

3
9
–10

3

3

4

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

7
1

7
2

8
2

87.00

8

9

Identification code 10–8516–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

8
9

Obligations by program activity:
Federal Programs ...........................................................

30

30

50

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.3) ........................

30

30

50

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

30
–30

30
–30

50
–50

42.00
9
8

00.01

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

30

30

50

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................

30

30

50

9
10

GENERAL PROVISIONS—THE JUDICIARY

THE JUDICIARY
73.20

Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

–30

–30

–50

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

30

30

50

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
30

30
30

50
50

The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of
1994 created the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund
(VCRTF). Funds are authorized to be appropriated to the
Judiciary to help meet the increased demands for judicial
activities resulting from the act, including drug testing of
Federal offenders on post-conviction release.

GENERAL PROVISIONS—THE JUDICIARY
SEC. 301. Appropriations and authorizations made in this title
which are available for salaries and expenses shall be available for
services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109.
øSEC. 302. Appropriations made in this title shall be available
for salaries and expenses of the Special Court established under
the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973, Public Law 93–236.¿
SEC. ø303¿ 302. Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made
available for the current fiscal year for the Judiciary in this Act
may be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriation, except ‘‘Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and other Judicial Services, Defender Services’’ and ‘‘Courts of Appeals, District
Courts, and other Judicial Services, Fees of Jurors and Commissioners’’, shall be increased by more than 10 percent by any such

57

transfers: Provided, That any transfer pursuant to this section shall
be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of this
Act and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except
in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.
SEC. ø304¿ 303. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
salaries and expenses appropriation for district courts, courts of appeals, and other judicial services shall be available for official reception and representation expenses of the Judicial Conference of the
United States: Provided, That such available funds shall not exceed
$10,000 and shall be administered by the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts in his capacity as Secretary
of the Judicial Conference.
øSEC. 305. Section 612(l) of title 28, United States Code, shall
be amended as follows: strike ‘‘1997’’, and insert in lieu thereof
‘‘1998’’.¿
øSEC. 306. None of the funds available to the Judiciary in fiscal
years 1996 and 1997 and hereafter shall be available for expenses
authorized pursuant to section 802(a) of title VIII of section 101(a)
of title I of the Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations
Act of 1996, Public Law 104–134, for costs related to the appointment
of Special Masters prior to April 26, 1996.¿
øSEC. 307. The United States courthouse at 310 West Sixth Street
in Medford, Oregon, shall be known and designated as the ‘‘James
A. Redden Federal Courthouse’’.¿
øAny reference in a law, map, regulation, document, paper, or
other record of the United States to the United States courthouse
at 310 West Sixth Street in Medford, Oregon, shall be deemed to
be a reference to the ‘‘James A. Redden Federal Courthouse’’.¿
SEC. 304. Pursuant to section 140 of Public Law 97–92, justices
and judges of the United States are authorized during fiscal year
1998, to receive a salary adjustment in accordance with 28 U.S.C.
461. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997.)


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