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DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

86.97

Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

19

12

12

Federal Funds

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

86

114

121

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–19

–12

–12

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

75
67

106
102

107
109

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For expenses necessary for the administration of the Department
of Justice, ø$75,773,000¿ $79,959,000, of which not to exceed
$3,317,000 is for the Facilities Program 2000, to remain available
until expendedø: Provided, That not to exceed 43 permanent positions
and 44 full-time equivalent workyears and $7,477,000 shall be expended for the Department Leadership Program exclusive of augmentation that occurred in these offices in fiscal year 1996: Provided
further, That not to exceed 41 permanent positions and 48 full-time
equivalent workyears and $4,660,000 shall be expended for the Offices of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs: Provided further, That
the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal
transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.¿
øFor an additional amount, for enhancements for the Office of
Intelligence Policy and Review and security measures, $3,600,000;
of which $2,170,000 is for security enhancements: Provided, That
the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget
and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.¿ (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0129–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

89.00
90.00

Program direction and policy coordination.—The Attorney
General of the United States is responsible for leading the
Department of Justice in accomplishing its missions. The Attorney General is assisted by the Deputy Attorney General,
Department policy-level officials, and the Justice Management
Division. The General Administration appropriation provides
the resources for the programs and operations of the Attorney
General, the Deputy Attorney General, and their Offices, the
several Senior Policy Offices, and the Justice Management
Division. The resources requested for General Administration
in 1998 include $1.6 million for restoration of the Office of
the Associate Attorney General, $0.4 million for increased
staffing for the Office of Professional Responsibility to more
rapidly investigate allegations of attorney misconduct and
$0.3 million for the Public Affairs Office to fund its authorized
Full-time equivalent (FTE) level.

1998 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: Program direction and policy coordination ........................................................................
01.01 Reimbursable program ..................................................

69
19

106
12

107
12

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

88

118

119

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
94

5
118

5
119

95
–88

123
–118

124
–119

5

5

4

00.01

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0129–0–1–751

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.2
25.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

36
1
1

1997 est.

1998 est.

38
1
1

40
1
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
38
40
42
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
7
7
7
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
1
1
1
Transportation of things ...........................................
1 ................... ...................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
7
9
9
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
2
2
2
Printing and reproduction .........................................
1
1
1
Other services ............................................................
9
16
17
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................ ...................
27
27
Supplies and materials .............................................
3
2
1
Equipment ................................................................. ...................
1 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

74
1

79
27

80
27

43.00

75

106

107

26.0
31.0

–1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

69
19

106
12

107
12

19

12

12

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

88

118

119

94

118

119

61.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

Personnel Summary

72.40

86.90
86.93

3
88
–86

5
118
–114

9
119
–121

5

9

7

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
67
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

94
8

95
14

Identification code 15–0129–0–1–751

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

630
13

652
13

670
13

72

75

75

657

658

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
24.90

General and special funds—Continued

Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

9

9

9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

17

29

29

10
32
–11

32
29
–31

30
29
–29

32

30

30

ALLOCATIONS RECEIVED FROM OTHER ACCOUNTS
Note.—Obligations incurred under allocations from other accounts are included in the
schedules of the parent appropriations as follows:
Health Care Financing Administration: ‘‘Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Account.’’

40.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8593–0–1–751

1996 actual

1998 est.

86.90
86.93
8
–7

1 ...................
–1 ...................

7

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
7
1 ...................

COUNTERTERRORISM FUND
For necessary expenses, as determined by the Attorney General,
ø$9,450,000¿ $29,450,000, to remain available until expended, to reimburse any Department of Justice organization for (1) the costs
incurred in reestablishing the operational capability of an office or
facility which has been damaged or destroyed as a result of øthe
bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City
or¿ any domestic or international terrorist incident, (2) the costs
of providing support to counter, investigate or prosecute domestic
or international terrorism, including payment of rewards in connection with these activities, and (3) the costs of conducting a terrorism
threat assessment of Federal agencies and their facilities: Provided,
That funds provided under this heading shall be available only after
the Attorney General notifies the Committees on Appropriations of
the House of Representatives and the Senate in accordance with
section 605 of this Act.
øFor an additional amount for necessary expenses, as determined
by the Attorney General, $20,000,000, to remain available until expended, to reimburse any Department of Justice organization for
(1) the costs incurred in reestablishing the operational capability
of an office or facility which has been damaged or destroyed as
a result of any domestic or international terrorist incident, or (2)
the costs of providing support to counter, investigate or prosecute
domestic or international terrorism, including payment of rewards
in connection with these activities: Provided, That the entire amount
is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant
to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.¿ (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

11

31

29

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

17
11

29
31

29
29

Counterterrorism Fund.—Resources are for the costs of providing support to counter, investigate, or prosecute domestic
or international terrorism, including payment of rewards in
connection with these activities.
OFFICE

OF

INSPECTOR GENERAL

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General in carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, ø$31,960,000¿ $33,211,000; including not to exceed $10,000 to
meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under
the certificate of, the Attorney General; and for the acquisition, lease,
maintenance, and operation of motor vehicles, without regard to the
general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year: Provided,
That up to one-tenth of one percent of the Department of Justice’s
allocation from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund grant programs may be transferred at the discretion of the Attorney General
to this account for the audit or other review of such grant programs,
as authorized by section 130005 of the Violent Crime Control and
Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322). (Department
of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0328–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

31
12

32
13

33
16

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

43

45

49

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

43
–43

45
–45

49
–49

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

29
32
33
2 ................... ...................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

31

32

33

12

13

16

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

43

45

49

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
7 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
43
45
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–50
–43
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
2

2
49
–49

68.00
70.00

32

29

29
72.40

21.90

23.90
23.95

22
7

43.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

22
9

1 ...................

This account reflects the spendout of 1995 Violent Crime
Reduction Programs appropriations. It has since been merged
with Violent Crime Reduction Programs, Administrative Review and Appeals.

10.00

8
3

1 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

Identification code 15–0130–0–1–751

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

89.00
90.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

89.00
90.00

1997 est.

24
17

9
29

9
29

41
–32

38
–29

38
–29

2

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

659

Personnel Summary
31
30
7 ...................
12
13
50

–12

31
38

43

–13

32
30

31
2
16
49

–16

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0328–0–1–751

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

308
18

312
18

312
18

72

76

104

33
33

ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW

The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) was statutorily
established in the Department of Justice on April 14, 1989.
The OIG investigates alleged violations of criminal and civil
laws, regulations, and ethical standards arising from the conduct of the Department’s employees. The OIG provides leadership and assists management in promoting integrity, economy, efficiency, and effectiveness within the Department and
in its financial, contractual, and grant relationships with others. Also by statute, the OIG reports to the Attorney General,
Congress, and the public on a semiannual basis regarding
its significant activities.
The Audit function is responsible for independent audits
and reviews of Department organizations, programs, functions, computer security and information technology systems,
and financial statement audits. The audit function also conducts or reviews external audits of expenditures made under
Department contracts, grants, and other agreements.
The Investigations function investigates allegations of civil
rights violations, bribery, fraud, abuse and violations of other
laws, rules and procedures that govern Department employees, contractors, and grantees. This function also develops
these cases for criminal prosecution, civil action, or administrative action. In some instances the OIG refers allegations
to components within the Department and requests notification of their findings and of any disciplinary action taken.
The Inspections function conducts analyses and makes recommendations to decision makers for improvements in Department programs, policies, and procedures. In addition, this
function also conducts shorter and more time-sensitive reviews and evaluations to provide managers with early
warnings about possible program deficiencies.
The Special Investigations function investigates allegations
of significant interest to the American public and Congress
and of vital importance to the Department.
The Executive Direction and Control function provides program direction for the OIG. Responsibilities include policy
development, legal counsel, Congressional affairs, planning,
budget, finance, personnel, procurement, automated data
processing, and general support services.

AND

APPEALS

For expenses necessary for the administration of pardon and clemency petitions and immigration related activities, ø$62,000,000. For
an additional amount for security measures for the Executive Office
of Immigration Review, $1,000,000: Provided, That the entire amount
is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant
to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget, and Emergency
Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended¿ $70,007,000. (Department
of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0339–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) ......
00.02
Office of the Pardon Attorney (OPA) .........................

38
1

62
1

68
2

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

39
5

63
1

70
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

44

64

71

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

44
–44

64
–64

71
–71

39

63

70

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

5

1

1

44

64

71

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
44
64
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–44
–57
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
7

7
71
–70

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
39
56
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
5
1

8

62
7
1

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
87.00
Identification code 15–0328–0–1–751

11.1
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 actual

1997 est.

18
2

18
2

19
2

20
4
2
3

20
4
2
3

21
4
2
3

25.2

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

31
11
1

31
13
1

32
15
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

43

45

49

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

44

57

70

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–5

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

39
39

63
56

70
69

1998 est.

89.00
90.00

This program includes the Office of the Pardon Attorney
(OPA) and the Executive Office for Immigration Review
(EOIR). The Pardon Attorney receives and reviews all petitions for clemency, i.e., commutation of sentences and pardons. The Executive Office for Immigration Review contains
the Immigration Judge function, the Board of Immigration
Appeals, the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer, and the Office of Management and Administration. EOIR

660

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
24.40

General and special funds—Continued
ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW

AND

APPEALS—Continued

was established January 1, 1983 to improve the immigration
hearing and appeal process. Workload for the activity follows:
PARDON ATTORNEY

1,039
512
371
5,047

1997 est.

1.180
550
600
5,050

1998 est.

1.130
600
700
5,050

EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

48

48

59

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
43
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–36
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
7

7
53
–41

19
59
–56

19

20

36
5

44
12

86.90
86.93

‘‘Base Program’’ Workload *

1996 actual

Immigration cases, appeals, and related adjudications, pending beginning of year .............................................................
Received ......................................................................................
Completed ....................................................................................
Pending, end of year ...................................................................

5 ................... ...................

72.40

1996 actual

Cases:
Petitions pending, beginning of year .....................................
Petitions received ....................................................................
Petitions disposed ...................................................................
Correspondence processed ......................................................

42.00

Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

108,595
283,141
263,304
128,432

1997 est.

128,432
300,000
300,000
128,432

1998 est.

128,432
325,000
325,000
128,432

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
36
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

36

41

56

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

48
36

48
41

59
56

* Includes workload associated with both the Direct and Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund (VCRTF) appropriations.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0339–0–1–751

11.1
11.3
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1997 est.

1998 est.

Funds requested will provide for immigration judges and
support in the Executive Office for Immigration Review for
asylum reform and expedited deportation.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

8
3

28
30
2 ...................

11
6
2
7

30
6
2
8

30
7
3
9

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

2
1
7
2
1

1
1
11
1
3

1
1
13
1
5

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

39
5

63
1

70
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

44

64

Identification code 15–0339–0–1–751

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

310
5

1997 est.

474
5

1998 est.

1998 est.

11.1
11.3

29
1

27
30
1 ...................

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

30
2
1
2
1
5
1
1

28
30
5
6
1
4
6
4
1
2
9
12
1
1
2 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

43

53

59

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8608–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

71

Personnel Summary

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8608–0–1–751

1001

1996 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

483

1997 est.

527

1998 est.

578

524
5

Intragovernmental funds:
WORKING CAPITAL FUND
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW
AND APPEALS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

For activities authorized by section 130005 of the Violent Crime
Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322),
as amended, ø$48,000,000¿ $59,251,000, to remain available until
expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction
Trust Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8608–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Asylum Reform ...............................................................

43

53

59

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

43

53

59

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
48
21.40

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

48
–43

5 ...................
48
59
53
–53

59
–59

Identification code 15–4526–0–4–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Financial and employee data ....................................
00.02
Telecommunications ..................................................
00.03
Data processing ........................................................
00.04
Publication services ..................................................
00.05
Space management ...................................................
00.06
Property management ...............................................
00.07
Justice building service .............................................
00.08
Library acquisition services ......................................
00.09
Personnel services .....................................................
00.10
Debt collection management ....................................
00.11
Mail services .............................................................
00.12
Asset Forfeiture Management Staff ..........................
00.13
Prevention Council Office ..........................................

33
38
41
82
94
102
73
83
91
4
5
5
276
303
334
1
2
2
9
10
11
9
11
12
4
4
5
41
48
30
6
7
7
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

00.91
01.01

Total operating expenses ......................................
Capital investment ........................................................

540
1

606
137

641
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

541

743

642

UNITED STATES PAROLE COMMISSION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

UNITED STATES PAROLE COMMISSION

21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

661

147
567

180
748

185
626

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

7 ................... ...................
721
–541

928
–743

811
–642

180

185

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the United States Parole Commission
as authorized by law, ø$4,845,000¿ $4,799,000. (Department of Justice
Appropriations Act, 1997.)

169

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.36
Unobligated balance rescinded .................................
Permanent:
61.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
62.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................
63.00
68.00
70.00

Identification code 15–1061–0–1–751

–65

–30 ...................

–43 ................... ...................
131
20 ...................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

544

758

626

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

567

748

626

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

88

20 ...................

72.90

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

161
154
138
541
743
642
–541
–758
–626
–7 ................... ...................
154

138

154

541

758

626

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

5

5

5

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

5
–5

5
–5

5
–5

5

5

5

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
61.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
65.05
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
70.00

–1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

5

5

5

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

2
5
–6

1
5
–5

1
5
–5

1

1

1

72.40

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

–544

–758

–626

23
–10 ...................
–3 ................... ...................

The Working Capital Fund (WCF) finances on a reimbursable basis those administrative services that can be performed
more efficiently at the Department level.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–4526–0–4–751

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
22.0
23.1
23.2

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

32
2
1

33
2
1

34
2
1

35
7
5
8
85

36
7
5
8
91

37
7
5
8
95

25.2
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Other services:
Other services ............................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ...............................

274
100
12
15
541

303
265
12
16
743

334
127
13
16
642

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

541

743

642

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

4
2

4
1

4
1

87.00

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

6

5

5

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
6

5
5

5
5

The United States Parole Commission makes decisions to
grant or deny parole to Federal prisoners serving sentences
of one year and a day or more, sets conditions of parole,
supervises parolees and mandatory releasees, recommits parolees in the event of violations of the conditions of supervision, and determines the termination of supervision in accordance with the Parole Commission and Reorganization Act
of 1976.
In addition, the Commission seeks to improve the rehabilitation process by monitoring an effective parole supervision
program through U.S. probation officers and through research
studies that evaluate the effectiveness of parole programs.
Workload for this appropriation is as follows:
Hearings:
Initial .......................................................................................
Record review ..........................................................................
Rescission ...............................................................................
Local revocation ......................................................................
Institutional revocation ...........................................................
Other .......................................................................................
Statutory review ......................................................................
Appeal decisions:
National ...................................................................................
Administrative review .............................................................
OJ decisions and appeals .......................................................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–4526–0–4–751

Total compensable workyears:
2001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
2005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

685
1,216
154
385
1,317
60
771

429
953
152
320
901
41
560

313
695
111
234
658
30
409

798
3
42

598
6
67

442
4
50

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

661
10

1997 est.

723
10

1998 est.

723
10

Identification code 15–1061–0–1–751

11.1
12.1
23.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................

1996 actual

3
1
1

1997 est.

1998 est.

3
1
1

3
1
1

662

UNITED STATES PAROLE COMMISSION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued

00.09

Legal activities office automation ............................

15

25

25

SALARIES

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

423
114

456
120

500
120

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

537

576

620

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1061–0–1–751

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 est.

5

1998 est.

5

5

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1061–0–1–751

1001

1997 est.

1998 est.

58

48

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

For expenses, necessary for the legal activities of the Department
of Justice, not otherwise provided for, including not to exceed $20,000
for expenses of collecting evidence, to be expended under the direction
of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney
General; and rent of private or Government-owned space in the District of Columbia; ø$420,793,000¿ $466,557,000, of which not to exceed $10,000,000 for litigation support contracts shall remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds available in this
appropriation, not to exceed ø$17,525,000¿ $24,555,000 shall remain
available until expended for office automation systems for the legal
divisions covered by this appropriation, and for the United States
Attorneys, the Antitrust Division, and offices funded through ‘‘Salaries and Expenses’’, General Administration: Provided further, That
of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $1,000 shall be available to the United States National Central Bureau, INTERPOL, for
official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That
notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1342, the Attorney General may accept
on behalf of the United States, and credit to this appropriation,
gifts of money, personal property and services, for the purposes of
hosting the International Criminal Police Organization’s (INTERPOL)
American Regional Conference in the United States during fiscal
year ø1997: Provided further, That not to exceed 8 permanent positions and 10 full-time equivalent workyears and $987,000 shall be
expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs: Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not
be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel
on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type
of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds
on either a temporary or long-term basis¿ 1998.
In addition, for reimbursement of expenses of the Department of
Justice associated with processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 as amended, not to exceed
$4,028,000, to be appropriated from the Vaccine Injury Compensation
Trust Fund.
øFor an additional amount for expenses of the Criminal Division
relating to terrorism, $1,719,000: Provided, That the entire amount
is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant
to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.¿ (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0128–0–1–752

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Conduct of Supreme Court proceedings and review
of appellate ...........................................................
00.02
General tax matters ..................................................
00.03
Criminal matters .......................................................
00.04
Claims, customs, and general civil matters ............
00.05
Land, natural resources, and Indian matters ..........
00.06
Legal opinions ...........................................................
00.07
Civil rights matters ...................................................
00.08
Interpol ......................................................................

1996 actual

6
59
80
131
58
4
64
6

548
–537

580
–576

624
–620

12

4

4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

53

LEGAL ACTIVITIES

AND

10
12
4
542
568
620
–4 ................... ...................

402
14

422
26

466
34

43.00

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

416

448

500

61.00
62.00
63.00
65.05
68.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

–8 ................... ...................
12 ................... ...................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

114

120

120

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

542

568

620

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

20
537
–511

46
576
–560

62
620
–610

46

62

72

70.00

4 ................... ...................
8 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

367
30
114

390
50
120

435
55
120

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

511

560

610

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Federal funds (Drug enforcement) ...................

–111
–3

–118
–2

–118
–2

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–114

–120

–120

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

428
397

448
440

500
490

The following legal activities of the Department are financed from this appropriation:
Conduct of Supreme Court proceedings and review of appellate matters.—Through this program, the Solicitor General
supervises and processes all appellate matters and represents
the Government before the U.S. Supreme Court.
WORKLOAD

1997 est.

6
59
88
147
58
4
62
7

1998 est.

6
62
97
170
61
4
68
7

1996 actual

Cases:
Pending, beginning of term ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of term ..............................................................
Other activities:
Appellate determinations ........................................................
Certiorari determinations ........................................................
Miscellaneous recommendations ............................................
Oral arguments participation* ...............................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

304
2,972
2,899
377

377
2,987
2,914
450

450
3,002
2,929
523

920
728
786
67

925
732
790
67

929
735
794
67

*The government participated in 67 cases in 1996 which include consolidated cases.

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

General tax matters.—This program is the prosecution and
defense of cases arising under the internal revenue laws and
other related statutes.
WORKLOAD
Cases: 1
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................

1996 actual

18,011
21,793
20,415
19,389

1997 est.

19,389
22,201
21,757
19,833

1998 est.

19,833
22,617
22,165
20,285

1 1996 through 1998 actual and estimated cases have been adjusted to exclude bankruptcy and summons
cases received by the Tax Division that following review are closed by the Tax Division and are forwarded to
the United States Attorneys’ Offices for disposition.

Criminal matters.—This program is the enforcement of all
Federal criminal statutes except for statutes dealing specifically with tax, antitrust, environmental, and civil rights matters.
WORKLOAD 1
Cases:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................
Matters:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................
1 Includes

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

514
349
293
570

570
375
269
676

676
410
298
788

2,175
1,260
1,275
2,160

2,160
1,323
1,235
2,248

2,248
1,331
1,247
2,332

1,248
2,970
2,320

Cases:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................
ALS supported cases, and case families ...................................
ALS funds ($000) ........................................................................

1996 actual

12,699
8,632
6,435
14,896
14
$26,015

1997 est.

14,896
10,072
7,302
17,666
14
$16,712

1998 est.

17,666
10,964
7,634
20,996
14
$37,895

delegated and supervised cases.

Environment and natural resource matters.—The Environment and Natural Resources Division enforces the nation’s
civil and criminal environmental laws and defends environmental challenges to government action. Additionally, the Division represents the United States in virtually all matters
concerning the use and development of the nation’s natural
resources and public lands, wildlife protection, Indian rights
and claims, and the acquisition of Federal property.
WORKLOAD
Cases:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated 1 ............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................
Matters:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

12,308
2,778
3,101
11,985

11,985
2,600
2,400
12,185

12,185
2,700
2,400
12,485

2,002
2,622
3,654
970

970
2,800
3,000
770

770
2,500
2,600
670

1 Over the past three years, the Division has made an all-out effort to identify inactive cases and close
them out. The result, while significantly affecting our numbers, does not reflect a significant change in workload.

Legal opinions.—This program is the preparation of legal
opinions for the President and Executive agencies and the
review of proposed Executive orders and proclamations for
form and legality.
WORKLOAD
1996 actual

Executive orders and proclamations ...........................................

112

1997 est.

115

1998 est.

119

1,268
2,990
2,330

WORKLOAD
Cases:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................
Matters:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Received ..................................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ..............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,406
366
406
1,366

1,366
366
406
1,326

1,326
370
402
1,294

8,359
4,538
4,177
8,720

8,720
4,540
4,175
9,085

9,085
5,177
4,429
9,833

Note.—The number of cases pending at the beginning of 1996 is adjusted to reflect appellate activity.

Interpol (U.S. National Central Bureau).—This program is
the United States liaison, on behalf of the Attorney General,
to the International Criminal Police Organization. The program facilitates international law enforcement cooperation.
WORKLOAD
1996 actual

WORKLOAD 1

1,258
2,980
2,325

Civil rights matters.—This program is the enforcement of
the nation’s civil rights laws. The program includes the administration of compensation payments pursuant to the Civil
Liberties Act of 1988. The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices was merged
into the Civil Rights Division in mid-1994.

direct operational authority only.

Claims, customs, and general civil matters.—This program
asserts the Governments’ interest in civil litigation involving
billions of dollars in monetary claims as well as a wide range
of programs, except tax, environmental and civil rights matters.

1 Excludes

Opinions .......................................................................................
Intradepartmental opinions .........................................................
Special assignments ...................................................................

663

Investigative matters received (IMRS) ........................................
Canadian Interface:
Canadian requests ..................................................................
U.S. requests to Canada ........................................................
Cases opened ..............................................................................
Cases reopened ...........................................................................
Cases closed ...............................................................................
Red notices ..................................................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

14,818

16,800

18,500

1,461,685
1,372,784
7,109
906
6,803
805

1,505,535
1,441,423
8,400
1,200
7,200
925

1,550,701
1,513,494
9,300
1,500
7,700
1,000

Legal activities office automation.—This program is the
central fund for the development and acquisition of office
automation systems for the various legal divisions, the U.S.
Attorneys’ offices, and the Department’s management offices.
Reimbursable program.—This reflects reimbursable funding
for the following:
Civil Division—for processing cases under the National
Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 and for litigating cases
arising under the enactment and implementation of FIRREA;
Criminal Division—for detailing of staff to provide assistance
to other agencies and for other miscellaneous purposes; Environment Division—from client agencies for litigation support
services and from the Environmental Protection Agency for
Superfund litigation; and Civil Rights Division—for activities
related to the Department’s Equal Employment Opportunity
Program.
Criminal and Tax Divisions—from the Interagency Crime
and Drug Enforcement appropriation for activities related to
Federal drug law enforcement.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0128–0–1–752

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8
11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.1

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

197
14
2
4

208
14
3
3

224
15
3
3

217
45
13
2
42

228
49
13
2
44

245
54
14
3
45

9
4
5

9
3
7

10
3
6

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

664

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

These resources will support litigation in Federal court resulting from appeals of asylum decisions made by immigration
judges at the Justice Department and challenges to orders
of exclusion, expulsion and deportation.

EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0128–0–1–752

25.2
25.3

1997 est.

54

1998 est.

70

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0
41.0

Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

82

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

423
114

456
120

500
120

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

537

576

620

6
8
9
1 ................... ...................
2
2
2
4
4
4
18
15
21
1
2
2

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8595–0–1–752

1997 est.

1998 est.

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

4
2

1
3

1
3

11.9
12.1
25.2

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................

6
1
1

4
1
3

4
1
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

8

8

8

Personnel Summary
Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–0128–0–1–752

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

3,383
28

3,520
28

356

1001

1998 est.

356

3,651
28

356

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES
For the expeditious deportation of denied asylum applicants, as
authorized by section 130005 of the Violent Crime Control and Law
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322), as amended,
ø$7,750,000¿ $7,969,000, to remain available until expended, which
shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8595–0–1–752

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Asylum Reform ...............................................................
10.00

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8595–0–1–752
1996 actual

1996 actual

1997 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

AND

1997 est.

85

71

1998 est.

71

EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

For expenses necessary for the enforcement of antitrust and kindred laws, ø$76,447,000¿ $87,542,000: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed ø$58,905,000¿
$70,000,000 of offsetting collections derived from fees collected for
premerger notification filings under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust
Improvements Act of 1976 (15 U.S.C. 18(a)) shall be retained and
used for necessary expenses in this appropriation, and shall remain
available until expended: Provided further, That the sum herein appropriated from the General Fund shall be reduced as such offsetting
collections are received during fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998, so as to result
in a final fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998 appropriation from the General
Fund estimated at not more than $17,542,000: Provided further, That
any fees received in excess of ø$58,905,000¿ $70,000,000 in fiscal
year ø1997¿ 1998, shall remain available until expended, but shall
not be available for obligation until October 1, ø1997¿ 1998. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

1998 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
8

8

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

8

Identification code 15–0319–0–1–752

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................

19

16

03.00
04.00

16
35

10 ...................
26
10

–19
16

–16
–10
10 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

8

8

8

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

2
8

2
8

2
8

10
–8

10
–8

10
–8

2

2

2

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Offsetting Collections ....................................................
Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Salaries and expenses, Antitrust Division .....................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0319–0–1–752

New budget authority (gross), detail:
42.00 Transferred from other accounts ...................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

10

8

8

8

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
01.01
1
8
–7

2 ...................
8
8
–10
–8

2 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
7
86.93 Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

18
72

18
75

18
80

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

90

93

98

22.00
22.10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

85

93

98

7
3

7
1

23.90
23.95

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
61.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
65.05
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7

10

8

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8
7

8
10

8
8

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

5 ................... ...................
90
–90

93
–93

98
–98

18

18

18

–1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

68.00
68.26
68.45

68.90

70.00

Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
Offsetting collections (unavailable balances) ......
Portion not available for obligation (limitation
on obligations) .................................................

–16

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ...........................................................

67

75

80

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

85

93

98

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

665

Personnel Summary
64
19

69
16

70
10

–10 ...................

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0319–0–1–752

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1997 est.

1998 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

177
7

154
2

154
2

..............................
and holiday hours

571
4

657
11

679
13

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

18
28
16
90
93
98
–75
–105
–96
–5 ................... ...................
28

16

18

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
11
Outlays from current balances ......................................
8
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
56
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

15
12
62
16

15
5
66
10

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

75

105

96

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–64

–69

–70

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

21
11

24
36

28
26

89.00
90.00

The Antitrust Division administers and enforces antitrust
and related statutes. This program primarily involves the
investigation of suspected violations of the antitrust laws,
the conduct of civil and criminal proceedings in the Federal
courts, and the maintenance of competitive conditions.
In 1998, the Antitrust Division will continue to collect filing
fees for premerger notifications and will retain and use up
to $70 million of these fees.
WORKLOAD
Cases and investigations:
Pending, beginning of year ....................................................
Filed and instituted ................................................................
Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending, end of year ...................................................................
Miscellaneous proceedings .....................................................

1996 actual

324
457
432
349
3,874

1997 est.

1998 est.

349
495
456
388
3,950

388
515
478
425
4,050

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

For necessary expenses of the Office of the United States Attorneys,
including
intergovernmental
and
cooperative
agreements,
ø$923,340,000¿ $1,018,617,000; of which not to exceed $2,500,000
shall be available until September 30, ø1998¿ 1999, for øthe purposes
of¿ (1) øproviding¿ training øof¿ personnel øof the Department of
Justice¿ in debt collection, (2) øproviding services to the Department
of Justice related to¿ locating debtors and their property, øsuch as
title searches, debtor skiptracing, asset searches, credit reports and
other investigations,¿ (3) paying the net costs of øthe Department
of Justice for the sale of¿ selling property ønot covered by the sale
proceeds, such as auctioneers’ fees and expenses, maintenance and
protection of property and businesses, advertising and title search
and surveying costs¿, and (4) øpaying the costs of processing and¿
tracking debts owed to the United States Government: Provided, That
of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $8,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That not to exceed $10,000,000 of those funds available for
automated litigation support contracts shall remain available until
expended: Provided further, øThat $1,900,000 for supervision of the
International Brotherhood of Teamsters national election, shall remain available until September 30, 1999: Provided further, That in
addition to reimbursable full-time equivalent workyears available to
the Office of the United States Attorneys, not to exceed 8,652 positions and 8,936 full-time equivalent workyears shall be supported
from the funds appropriated in this Act for the United States Attorneys¿ That not to exceed $6,000,000 for office moves, expansions and
renovations shall remain available until September 30, 1999: Provided
further, That not to exceed $8,000,000 for the design, development
and implementation of an information systems strategy for D.C. Superior Court shall remain available until expended: Provided further,
That not to exceed $2,500,000 for the operation of the National Advocacy Center shall remain available until expended.
øFor an additional amount for expenses relating to terrorism and
security needs, $10,900,000: Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit
Control Act of 1985, as amended.¿ 28 U.S.C. 519, 541–550; U.S.C.
1424, 1617, 1694. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0322–0–1–752
Identification code 15–0319–0–1–752

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.1
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 actual

1997 est.

9
8
8
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

Total personnel compensation .........................
11
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
2
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
1
Rental payments to GSA ........................................... ...................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges ................................................................. ...................
Advisory and assistance services ............................. ...................
Other services ............................................................
2

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1998 est.

9
2
1
2

9
2
1
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

16
70
4

17
73
3

17
80
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

90

93

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: U.S. attorneys ......................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

916
99

957
99

1,019
102

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1,015

1,056

1,121

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

19
1,009

14 ...................
1,042
1,121

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1,028
–1,015

1,056
–1,056

1,121
–1,121

14 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

894
16

934
1,019
9 ...................

43.00

910

943

98
Appropriation (total) .............................................

1,019

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

666

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS—Continued

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0322–0–1–752

61.00
65.05
68.00

Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

–8 ................... ...................
8 ................... ...................
99

99

102

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1,009

1,042

1,121

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

108
1,015
–1,061

62
1,056
–996

122
1,121
–1,090

62

122

153

70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

865
97
99

830
67
99

897
91
102

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,061

996

1,090

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0322–0–1–752

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3
25.4
25.6
25.7
26.0
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................

490
40
4
3

512
41
4
3

Total personnel compensation .........................
507
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
112
Benefits for former personnel ................................... ...................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
16
Transportation of things ...........................................
2
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
124
Rental payments to others ........................................
2
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
26
Printing and reproduction .........................................
4
Advisory and assistance services .............................
1
Other services ............................................................
55
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
13
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
8
Medical care ..............................................................
1
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
8
Supplies and materials .............................................
19
Equipment .................................................................
18

537
112
1
12
3
121
6

560
122
1
18
3
125
6

–24
–75

–99

–99

916
96
3

Total obligations ........................................................

1,015

–24
–78

88.90

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9
–24
–75

1998 est.

473
26
4
4

99.0
99.0
99.5

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Drug Enforcement .............................................

1997 est.

30
33
4
5
1 ...................
70
79
14
17
8
9
1 ...................
8 ...................
17
18
13
23
958
1,019
96
102
2 ...................

–102

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

910
962

943
897

1,019
988

The Government is represented in each of the 94 judicial
districts by a U.S. Attorney. The U.S. Attorneys prosecute
criminal offenses against the United States, represent the
Government in civil actions in which the United States is
concerned, and initiate proceedings for the collection of fines,
penalties, and forfeitures owed to the United States.
U.S. ATTORNEYS
Cases:
Pending beginning of year .....................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

137,969

142,940

147,933

Filed:
Criminal ..............................................................................
Civil ....................................................................................

38,252
87,917

38,550
87,900

39,504
89,968

Total received ............................................................

126,167

126,450

129,472

Terminated:
Criminal ..............................................................................
Civil ....................................................................................

34,882
86,314

35,577
86,300

36,027
86,324

Total terminated ........................................................

121,196

121,457

124,351

Pending end of year ...............................................................

142,940

147,933

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

8,342
79

8,635
79

8,956
79

924

955

955

For activities authorized by sections 40114, 130005, 190001(b),
190001(d) and 250005 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322), as amended, and section
815 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
(Public Law 104–132), ø$43,876,000¿ $50,828,000, to remain available
until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fundø, of which $28,602,000 shall be available to help
meet the increased demands for litigation and related activities,
$4,641,000 for Southwest Border Control, $1,000,000 for Federal victim counselors, and $9,633,000 for expeditious deportation of denied
asylum applicants¿. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8596–0–1–752

1996 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Asylum Reform ...............................................................
9
Violent crime litigation ..................................................
21
Victims’ counselors ........................................................ ...................
Telemarketing Fraud ...................................................... ...................

Matters:
Pending beginning of year .....................................................

72,226

74,344

76,334

Received:
Criminal ..............................................................................
Civil ....................................................................................

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04

69,745
99,968

70,000
100,000

70,000
100,000

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Total received ............................................................

169,713

170,000

170,000

Terminated ..............................................................................
Pending end of year ...............................................................

167,605
74,344

168,000
76,334

168,000
78,344

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

Assets forfeitures (in thousands of dollars) ...............................
Collections (in thousands of dollars) 1 .......................................

377,527
1,625,278

380,000
1,700,000

380,000
1,800,000

property recovered.

1996 actual

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

153,054

1 Includes

1,121

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–0322–0–1–752

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

1,056

1997 est.

1998 est.

9
36
1
1

9
39
2
1

30

47

51

2
30

2 ...................
44
51

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

32
–30

46
–47

51
–51

2 ................... ...................

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

30

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
30
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–27
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
3

44

51

72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
27
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

3
47
–41

8
51
–49

8

10

39
2

45
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

27

41

49

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
27

44
41

51
49

These resources support the Department’s violent crime and
gang prosecution initiative, drug prosecutions, victim counselors associated with the Violence Against Women Act initiative, litigation in Federal court resulting from appeals of asylum decisions by immigration judges at the Justice Department, and the prosecution of marketing scams which target
senior citizens.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

667

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

1

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission adjudicates the
claims of American nationals (individuals and corporations)
arising out of the nationalization, expropriation or other taking of their property by foreign governments, pursuant to
the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 and other
statutes. In 1998, as requested by the U.S. District Courts,
the Commission will act as ‘‘Special Master’’ to determine
the ownership and value of claims for property in Cuba that
are the basis of suits filed against foreign investors in Cuban
property under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic
Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996. In addition, the Commission will provide technical assistance to the Departments of
State and Treasury and to the public in connection with the
44 international and war claims programs previously completed, including, in particular, the Holocaust Survivors
Claims Program and the Cuban Claims Program. It also will
provide policy recommendations, evaluation of pending claims
legislation and liaison with Congressional Committees considering such legislation.
Personnel Summary

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8596–0–1–752

1997 est.

1998 est.
Identification code 15–0100–0–1–153

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

20
4
...................
3
1
2
...................
...................
...................

24
6
2
5
2
5
1
1
1

24
7
2
5
2
6
1
2
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

30

47

51

19
24
24
1 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8596–0–1–752

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

AND

1996 actual

270

1997 est.

1998 est.

301

360

EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
COMMISSION

For expenses necessary to carry out the activities of the Foreign
Claims Settlement Commission, including services as authorized by
5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$953,000¿ $1,226,000. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0100–0–1–153

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................

1

1

1

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

AND

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1

6

1998 est.

9

11

EXPENSES, UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0324–0–1–752

1

1997 est.

For necessary expenses of the United States Marshals Service;
including the acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of vehicles and aircraft, and the purchase of passenger motor vehicles for
police-type use, without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year, ø$457,495,000¿ $475,244,000, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 561(i); of which not to exceed $6,000 shall
be available for official reception and representation expenses; and
of which not to exceed $4,000,000 for development, implementation,
maintenance and support, and training for an automated prisoner
information system, øand¿ not to exceed $2,200,000 to support the
Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System, and not to exceed
$2,300,000 for above-standard construction costs for prisoner detention
areas, shall remain available until expended: Provided, That, øwith
respect to the amounts appropriated above¿ for fiscal year 1998 and
thereafter, the service of maintaining and transporting State, local,
or territorial prisoners shall be considered a specialized or technical
service for purposes of 31 U.S.C. 6505, and any prisoners so transported shall be considered persons (transported for other than commercial purposes) whose presence is associated with the performance
of a governmental function for purposes of 49 U.S.C. 40102ø: Provided
further, That not to exceed 12 permanent positions and 12 full-time
equivalent workyears and $700,000 shall be expended for the Offices
of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs: Provided further, That the
latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel
details, temporary transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable
or nonreimbursable basis or any other type of formal or informal
transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis¿. (Department of Justice Appropriations
Act, 1997.)

1
–1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................

1996 actual

1

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
01.01
1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

424
63

457
63

475
30

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

487

520

505

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

668

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

the transportation of prisoners pursuant to State writs and
from fees collected from service of civil process and sales
associated with judicial orders.

EXPENSES, UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE—
Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 15–0324–0–1–752

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

1996 actual

U.S. MARSHALS

1997 est.

1998 est.

1 ................... ...................
486
520
505
487
–487

520
–520

505
–505

1996 actual

Fugitive felon warrants received .................................................
USMS fugitive felon arrests (Class 1) ........................................
Witness security program—new witnesses ................................
Total program principal witnesses .............................................
Prisoners produced ......................................................................
Property seizures .........................................................................
Property Disposed ........................................................................

423
457
475
1 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

424

63

63

30

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

487

520

505

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

66
91
135
487
520
505
–457
–476
–504
–7 ................... ...................

24.0
25.2
25.3

61.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0324–0–1–752

475

–4 ................... ...................
4 ................... ...................

72.40

91

135

136

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

370
24
63

411
2
63

428
46
30

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

457

476

504

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Federal funds (Drug Enforcement) ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–58
–2
–3

–58
–2
–3

–25
–2
–3

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–63

–63

–30

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

423
394

457
413

475
474

1997 est.

19,000
14,000
152
6,920
396,531
28,800
31,400

1998 est.

19,500
14,500
175
7,095
416,358
28,800
31,400

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

457

18,742
13,748
132
6,768
377,649
34,398
30,484

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8

26.0
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................

1997 est.

1998 est.

163
9
40
9

194
6
29
5

202
6
28
6

Total personnel compensation .........................
221
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
60
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
22
Transportation of things ...........................................
1
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
36
Rental payments to others ........................................
3
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
13
Printing and reproduction .........................................
1
Other services ............................................................
25
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................ ...................
Supplies and materials .............................................
14
Equipment .................................................................
27

234
76
22
1
56
2

242
79
22
2
60
2

19
1
23

19
1
22

2
11
9

2
11
12

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

423
63
1

456
63
1

474
30
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

487

520

505

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0324–0–1–752

The Federal Government is represented in each of the 94
judicial districts by a U.S. Marshal. The primary mission
of the U.S. Marshals Service is responsibility for the protection of the Federal judiciary, protection of witnesses, execution of warrants and court orders, management of seized assets, and custody and transportation of unsentenced prisoners. It is the principal support force in the Federal judicial
system and an integral part of the Federal law enforcement
community.
Reimbursable program.—Federal funds in 1998 are derived
primarily from the Immigration and Naturalization Service
and the Bureau of Prisons for the transportation of alien
and sentenced prisoners, the U.S. Air Force for the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program for transportation security
services provided by the U.S. Marshals Service, the Department of State for security details at the United Nations, the
Organized Crime Drug Enforcement appropriation for drug
law enforcement and the Office of National Drug Control Policy for security services. Non-Federal funds are derived from
State and local governments for witness protection and for

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1997 est.

1998 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

3,659
644

3,907
664

3,916
665

..............................
and holiday hours

71
11

71
11

71
11

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, UNITED STATES MARSHALS
SERVICE
For activities authorized by section 190001(b) of the Violent Crime
Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322),
as amended, ø$25,000,000¿ $25,553,000, to remain available until
expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction
Trust Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8603–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

25

25

26

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

25
–25

25
–25

26
–26

42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

25

25

26

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
25
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–18
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
7

669

7
25
–23

9
26
–26

9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

253
405
463
4 ................... ...................

43.00

72.40

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred from other accounts ..............................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

257

25

17

35

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

291

422

498

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

61
351
–289

123
422
–396

149
498
–455

123

149

192

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
253
Outlays from current balances ......................................
11
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
25
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

243
50
17
86

278
122
35
20

9
62.00
68.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
18
23
86.93 Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................

24
2

87.00

405

463

9 ................... ...................

26

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

18

23

72.40

25
18

25
23

26
26

The USMS will use this funding to hire additional Deputies
and to purchase necessary equipment to properly guard and
protect the courthouses that are scheduled for opening in
1998.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8603–0–1–752

11.1
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.2
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 est.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
2
Other personnel compensation .................................. ...................

1998 est.

2
3

6
7

2
5
13
2
1
3
...................
3
6
15
4
2
–2 ................... ...................
................... ...................
1
...................
3 ...................
8
9 ...................
................... ...................
1
25

25

1001
1005

1996 actual

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
52
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours ...................

1997 est.

41
10

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

26

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8603–0–1–752

70.00

1998 est.

167
42

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

289

396

455

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–25

–17

–35

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

265
264

405
379

463
420

89.00
90.00

Care of U.S. prisoners in non-Federal institutions.—Under
this program, the U.S. Marshals Service contracts with State
and local jails to board Federal prisoners and detainees for
short periods of time. These periods of confinement occur
before and during a trial and while awaiting transfer to Federal institutions after conviction. Base resources will house
an average daily prisoner population of 19,530 in approximately 1,000 State and local jails at an average cost of $60.92
per offender day in 1998.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1020–0–1–752

FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

1998 est.

25.2
26.0
41.0

7
294
5
20

8
366
7
24

9
418
8
28

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

326
25

405
17

463
35

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

351

422

498

11.8

For expenses, related to United States prisoners in the custody
of the United States Marshals Service as authorized in 18 U.S.C.
4013, but not including expenses otherwise provided for in appropriations available to the Attorney General, ø$405,262,000¿ $462,831,000,
as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 561(i), to remain available until
expendedø: Provided, That this appropriation hereafter shall not be
available for expenses authorized under 18 U.S.C. 4013(a)(4)¿. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Special personal services
payments ...............................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1020–0–1–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: Care of U.S. prisoners in non-Federal
institutions ................................................................
01.01 Reimbursable Program ..................................................

326
25

405
17

463
35

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

351

422

498

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

74
290

13
422

13
498

364
–351

435
–422

511
–498

13

13

13

00.01

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

FEES

AND

EXPENSES

OF

WITNESSES

For expenses, mileage, compensation, and per diems of witnesses,
for expenses of contracts for the procurement and supervision of
expert witnesses, for private counsel expenses, and for per diems
in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law, including advances,
ø$100,702,000¿ $75,000,000, to remain available until expended; of
which not to exceed $4,750,000 may be made available for planning,
construction, renovations, maintenance, remodeling, and repair of
buildings, and the purchase of equipment incident thereto, for protected witness safesites; of which not to exceed $1,000,000 may be
made available for the purchase and maintenance of armored vehicles
for transportation of protected witnesses; and of which not to exceed
$4,000,000 may be made available for the purchase, installation and
maintenance of a secure, automated information network to store
and retrieve the identities and locations of protected witnesses. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

670

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
FEES

AND

EXPENSES

OF

WITNESSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0311–0–1–752

00.01
00.02
00.04
00.05
00.06
10.00

1996 actual

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Fees and expenses of witnesses ...................................
57
64
Protection of witnesses ..................................................
23
33
Private counsel ..............................................................
1
3
D.C. informant protection .............................................. ...................
1
Alternative Dispute Resolution ...................................... ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

81

101

1998 est.

65
34
3
1
2
105

21.40

33
83

35
101

34
75

116
–81

136
–101

109
–105

35

34

4

Superior Court Informant Protection.—Pays for the short
term protection and temporary relocation of informants for
the District of Columbia Superior Court.
Alternative Dispute Resolution.—Pays for problem-solving
and conflict management techniques including mediation,
early neutral evaluation, arbitration and mini-trials.
Reimbursable program.—Receives reimbursement from
States and localities to cover the costs of maintaining those
State and local organized crime witnesses and their families
who have been accepted into the witness protection program.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0311–0–1–752

11.8
11.8

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Transferred to other accounts .......................................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

83

101

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

83

101

75

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

71
81
–82

70
101
–95

76
105
–83

70

76

98

72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

74
8

86
9

75
8

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

82

95

83

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

83
82

101
95

75
83

1997 est.

1998 est.

53
30

57
30

67

83

87

21.0
21.0
21.0
25.2

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Travel and transportation of persons:
Per diem in lieu of subsistence ................................
Mileage ......................................................................
Other ..........................................................................
Other services ................................................................

3
2
6
3

4
2
7
5

4
2
7
5

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

81

101

105

75

85
101
75
–2 ................... ...................

1996 actual

44
23

11.9
23.90
23.95
24.40

Personnel compensation:
Special personal services payments:
Fees and expenses of witnesses ..........................
Fees, protection of witnesses ...............................

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

For necessary expenses of the Community Relations Service, established by title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, ø$5,319,000¿
$7,500,000: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of
law, upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent
circumstances require additional funding for conflict prevention and
resolution activities of the Community Relations Service, the Attorney
General may transfer such amounts to the Community Relations
Service, from available appropriations for the current fiscal year for
the Department of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such
circumstances: Provided further, That any transfer pursuant to this
paragraph shall be treated as a reprogramming under section 605
of this Act and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure
except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.
(Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

This appropriation is used to pay fees and expenses to
witnesses who appear on behalf of the Government in litigation in which the United States is a party. Factors over which
the Department of Justice has little control affect the costs
incurred. The U.S. Attorneys, the U.S. Marshals, and the
Department’s six litigating divisions are served by this appropriation.
Fees and expenses of witnesses.—Pays the fees and expenses
associated with the preparation and presentation of testimony
on behalf of the United States for fact witnesses, who testify
as to events or facts about which they have personal knowledge, and for expert witnesses, who provide technical or scientific testimony. This program also pays the fees of physicians and psychiatrists who examine accused persons upon
order of the court to determine their mental competency.
Protection of witnesses.—Pays subsistence costs to ensure
the safety of Government witnesses whose testimony on behalf of the United States places them or their families in
jeopardy.
Victim compensation fund.—Pays relocation and restitution
to any victim of a crime committed by a protected witness
who causes or threatens death or serious bodily injury.
Private counsel.—Pays private counsel retained to represent
Government employees who are sued for actions taken while
performing their official duties.

Identification code 15–0500–0–1–752

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Conflict prevention and resolution ............................
00.02
Reception, processing and care of Cubans and
Haitians .................................................................

1996 actual

5

1997 est.

1998 est.

5

7

8 ................... ...................

00.91
01.01

Total Direct Program .............................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

13
5
7
5 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

18

5

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

7
13

2
5

2
7

20
–18

7
–5

9
–7

2

2

2

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

5
5
7
3 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

8

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

13

68.00
70.00

5

7

5 ................... ...................
5

7

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

73.10
73.20
74.40

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

14
–9

671
10
–15

10
–10

–2
18
–12

4
5
–8

1
7
–7

4

1

1

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................

8
4
6
1
4
1
–1 ................... ...................
4 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

9

15

10

87.00

12

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

14
9

10
15

10
10

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.45
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Offsetting governmental collections ............................................

89.00
90.00

8

7

–5 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8
8

5
8

7
7

Conflict prevention and resolution program.—The Community Relations Service (CRS) provides assistance to communities in preventing and resolving disputes and difficulties
arising from discriminatory practices based on race, color,
or national origin or which disrupt or threaten to disrupt
peaceful relations among citizens.
Reception, processing and care of Cubans and Haitians.—
The Cuban and Haitian Resettlement Program and funding
for processing and resettlement activities was transferred in
1996 to the Immigration and Naturalization Service’s Immigration Examinations Fee Account.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0500–0–1–752

1997 est.

1998 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.1
25.2
41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
6
2
2
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
1
1
1
Travel and transportation of persons ....................... ...................
1
1
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
1
1
1
Other services ............................................................
1 ................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
4 ................... ...................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
13
5
5
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
5 ................... ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................
2

99.9

18

5

1996 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

97

1997 est.

A permanent appropriation finances the independent counsel. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 591 et seq., as amended, independent counsel were appointed to investigate allegations that
senior Executive branch officials violated Federal law. A permanent appropriation funds the continuation of investigations
begun before the authority for the independent counsel expired in December 1992, and the investigations conducted
under independent counsel legislation enacted in June 1994.
CIVIL LIBERTIES PUBLIC EDUCATION FUND
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0329–0–1–808

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

6

31

17

54
–6

48
–31

17
–17

21.40

48

17 ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
2 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
6
31
17
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–6
–33
–17
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
2 ................... ...................
72.40

41

56

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
6
33
17

1997 est.

1998 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

14

10

10

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

14
–14

10
–10

33

17

60.05

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................

14

10

10

The Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (P.L. 100–383) authorizes
payments to Japanese-Americans whom the Government
evacuated, relocated or interned during World War II. The
Civil Liberties Act Amendments of 1992 (P.L. 102–371) increased the total authorization for this program to $1.65 billion.
The Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1990, provided advance appropriations for the redress payments. To
date, over 80,120 payments have been made.
In 1998, carryover funding will support continued implementation of educational activities pursuant to section 106(b)
of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.

10
–10

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0329–0–1–808

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................

6

1998 est.

INDEPENDENT COUNSEL

Identification code 15–0327–0–1–752

10
10
5 ...................

7

Personnel Summary

1001

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
9
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

89.00
90.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Identification code 15–0500–0–1–752

5 ................... ...................

25.2
41.0
99.9

5 ...................

1996 actual

Other services ................................................................ ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
6
Total obligations ........................................................

6

1997 est.

1998 est.

3
28

2
15

31

17

672

LEGAL ACTIVITIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
74.42

UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND
For necessary expenses of the United States Trustee Program, as
authorized by 28 U.S.C. 589a(a), ø$107,950,000¿ $116,721,000, to
remain available until expended and to be derived from the United
States Trustee System Fund: Provided, That notwithstanding any
other provision of law, deposits to the Fund shall be available in
such amounts as may be necessary to pay refunds due depositors:
Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law,
ø$107,950,000¿ $116,721,000 of offsetting collections derived from
fees collected pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 589a(b) shall be retained and
used for necessary expenses in this appropriation and remain available until expended: Provided further, That the sum herein appropriated from the Fund shall be reduced as such offsetting collections
are received during fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998, so as to result in a
final fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998 appropriation from the Fund estimated
at $0: Provided further, That any such fees collected in excess of
ø$107,950,000¿ $116,721,000 in fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998 shall remain
available until expended but shall not be available for obligation
until October 1, ø1997¿ 1998. (Department of Justice Appropriations
Act, 1997.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5073–0–2–752

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees for bankruptcy oversight .......................................
02.02 Earnings on investments ...............................................
02.99

1996 actual

102

1997 est.

1998 est.

96

103

63 ................... ...................
7
7
7

Total receipts .............................................................

70

7

172

103

110

–2

–1

–1

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

122

112

111

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

95

118

121

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.45
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Offsetting governmental collections ............................................

–26

–108

–120

89.00
90.00

04.00

–76 ................... ...................
96
103
110

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5073–0–2–752

01.01
02.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year: Treasury
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.20
Appropriation (special fund, definite) .......................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

BANKRUPTCY MATTERS 1
1996 actual

Chapter 7 cases filed .................................................................
Chapter 7 cases closed ..............................................................
Chapter 7 cases pending ............................................................
Chapter 11 cases filed ...............................................................
Chapter 11 cases closed ............................................................
Chapter 11 cases pending ..........................................................
Chapter 12 cases filed ...............................................................
Chapter 13 cases filed ...............................................................
Number of new cases filed .........................................................
1 Does

3
102
105
–103

110

120

2 ...................
108
120
110
–110

120
–120

76 ................... ...................
26

108

120

102

108

120

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.40
Treasury balance ...................................................
U.S. Securities:
72.41
Par value ..........................................................
72.42
Unrealized discounts ........................................

15

24
100
–2

97
–1

72.99
73.10
73.20

114
103
–95

122
110
–118

112
120
–121

24

16

15

100

97

97

74.40
74.41

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Treasury balance ...................................................
U.S. Securities:
Par value ..........................................................

1998 est.

799,735
759,748
447,851
12,554
15,302
43,388
1,150
353,446
1,166,885

829,731
788,244
464,649
12,554
15,455
40,487
1,207
371,118
1,214,610

1997 est.

1998 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–5073–0–2–752

11.1
11.3
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
Total obligations ........................................................

16

100
–1

1997 est.

761,652
730,175
431,650
12,554
15,151
46,136
1,096
336,615
1,111,917

not include cases dismissed or converted to other chapters.

99.9

2 ................... ...................

76 ................... ...................
68
10
1

United States trustee system fund.—The United States
trustees supervise the administration of bankruptcy cases and
private trustees in the Federal Bankruptcy Courts. The Bankruptcy Judges, U.S. Trustees and Family Farmer Bankruptcy
Act of 1986 (Public Law 99–554) expanded the pilot trustee
program to a twenty-one region, nationwide program encompassing 88 judicial districts. The program is funded wholly
by fees assessed against debtors and does not require any
monies from the general fund of the Federal Government.

77 ................... ...................
26
110
120
103

58 ................... ...................
11
10
1
26
108
120

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

7

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 United States trustee system fund ...............................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

Unrealized discounts ........................................

74.99

General and special funds—Continued

41 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................
42
10
2
10

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

2
6
1
3

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

76 ................... ...................
26
108
120
1
2 ...................
103

110

120

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–5073–0–2–752

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

..............................
and holiday hours

1997 est.

1998 est.

684 ................... ...................
5 ................... ...................

..............................
357
and holiday hours ...................

1,050
5

1,068
5

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND
For expenses authorized by 28 U.S.C. 524(c)(1)(A)(ii), (B), ø(C),¿
(F), and (G), as amended, $23,000,000, to be derived from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

673

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–4

–4

–4

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

334
456

373
414

390
387

89.00
90.00

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5042–0–2–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Forfeited cash and proceeds from the sale of forfeited
property ......................................................................
02.02 Interest and profit on investment .................................

304
30

303
43

346
44

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

334

346

390

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Assets forfeiture fund ....................................................

361

373

390

–334

–373

–390

05.99
07.99

–334
–373
–390
27 ................... ...................

01.99

04.00

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

27

27 ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5042–0–2–752

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 established
the Assets Forfeiture Fund, into which forfeited cash and
the proceeds of sales of forfeited property are deposited. Authorities of the fund have been amended by various public
laws enacted since 1984. Under current law, authority to
use the fund for certain investigative expenses shall be specified in annual appropriation acts. Expenses necessary to seize,
detain, inventory, safeguard, maintain, advertise or sell property under seizure are funded through a permanent, indefinite
appropriation. In addition, beginning in 1993, other general
expenses of managing and operating the asset forfeiture program are paid from the permanent, indefinite portion of the
fund. Once all expenses are covered, and statutorily mandated
transfers are accomplished, the balance is maintained to meet
ongoing expenses of the program. Excess unobligated balances
may also be allocated by the Attorney General in accordance
with 28 U.S.C. 524(c)(8)(E).
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct Program ...............................................................
01.01 Reimbursable Program ..................................................

359
4

401
4

376
4

Identification code 15–5042–0–2–752

10.00

363

405

380

11.8

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Fund balance:
21.90
Fund balance ........................................................
21.90
Fund balance, BCCI ..............................................
21.90
Fund balance, Super Surplus ...............................
21.99
22.00
22.10
23.90
23.95

24.90
24.90
24.90
24.99

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

133
338

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Fund balance:
Fund balance ........................................................
Fund balance, BCCI ..............................................
Fund balance, Super Surplus ...............................

520
–363

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.20
Appropriation (special fund, definite) .......................
Permanent:
60.25
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

60
62
11

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

101
95
21
34
35 ...................
157
377

129
394

49 ................... ...................
534
–405

523
–380

129

1998 est.

2
4
1
5
2

2
4
1
7
2

25.2
31.0

2
340
2

3
378
6

3
351
6

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

359
4

401
4

376
4

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

363

405

380

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION
Federal Funds
ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

143

30

23

23

For necessary administrative expenses in accordance with the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, $2,000,000. Further, for the foregoing purposes during fiscal year 1999, $2,000,000. (Department of
Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

304

350

367

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

4

4

4

338

377

394

Identification code 15–0105–0–1–054

322
176
163
363
405
380
–460
–418
–391
–49 ................... ...................
176

163

152

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ......

1

2

2

2

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) .................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring .................

3
–2

2
..................

2
..................

2
..................

1
–1

2
–2

2
–2

2
–2

3

2

2

..................

..................

..................

..................

2

3

2

2

2

10.00
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1997 est.

1
4
1
4
5

21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

101
95
95
21
34
48
35 ................... ...................
157

1996 actual

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Special personal services
payments ...............................................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available
for obligation ..................................
New obligations .......................................

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

11
55
241
153

9
26
151
232

9
26
138
218

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .......................................
Permanent:
65.00
Advance appropriation (definite) ........

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

460

418

391

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross)

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

674

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

02.01
02.02

Receipts:
Payment from the general fund .................................... ...................
Earnings on investments ............................................... ...................

30
1

4
1

02.99

Total receipts ............................................................. ...................

31

5

–30

–4

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0105–0–1–054

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .......................................
Total outlays (gross) ...............................

1
–1

1997 est.

1998 est.

2
–2

1999 est.

2
–2

2
–2

05.01

Appropriation:
Radiation exposure compensation trust fund ...............

05.99
07.99

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ........
Outlays from new permanent authority

1
..................

2
..................

2
..................

..................
2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ...........................

1

2

2

–1

Subtotal appropriation ................................................... ...................
–30
–4
Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8116–0–7–054

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ......................................
90.00 Outlays .....................................................

3
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

This program processes claims under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act. That act authorizes payments to individuals exposed to radiation as a result of atmospheric nuclear tests or uranium mining.
PAYMENT

TO

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

1996 actual

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ......

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) .................
23.95 New obligations .......................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

1999 est.

22

28

30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of
year:
21.40
Uninvested balance ............................
21.42
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts

35
..................

15
..................

23
1

..................
1

35
1

15
30

24
4

1
29

Total unobligated balance, start of
year ............................................
New budget authority (gross) .................

22.00
23.90

Total budgetary resources available
for obligation ..................................
New obligations .......................................
Unobligated balance available, end of
year:
Uninvested balance ............................
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts

36
–21

45
–22

28
–28

30
–30

15
..................

23
1

..................
1

..................
1

Total unobligated balance, end of
year .................................................

15

24

1

1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ........

1

30

4

29

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance: Appropriation .............
73.10 New obligations .......................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...............................

1
21
–22

..................
22
–22

..................
28
–26

..................
30
–30

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority
Outlays from permanent balances ..........

1
21

19
3

4
22

29
1

23.95

24.40
24.42
24.99

..................

..................
..................

30

4

30
–30

4
–4

29

29
–29

1999 est.

21

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0333–0–1–054

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ......

10.00

21.99

For payments to the Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund,
ø$13,736,000, not to be available for obligation until September 30,
1997¿ $4,381,000. Further, for the foregoing purposes during fiscal
year 1999, $29,000,000. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act,
1997.)

1997 est.

60.26

72.40

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .......................................
Permanent:
65.00
Advance appropriation (definite) ........

..................

14

4

..................

..................

16

..................

29

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross)

..................

30

4

29

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .......................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...............................

..................
..................

30
–30

4
–4

29
–29

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ...........................

22

22

26

30

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ........
Outlays from new permanent authority

..................
..................

14
16

4
..................

..................
29

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ......................................
Outlays .....................................................

1
22

30
22

4
26

29
30

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ...........................

..................

30

4

29

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ......................................
90.00 Outlays .....................................................

..................
..................

30
30

4
4

29
29

This appropriation transfers funds from the general fund
to the Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund for payment of claims.
Trust Funds

The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act authorizes payments to individuals exposed to radiation as a result of atmospheric nuclear tests or uranium mining. The Act authorizes
the appropriation of such sums as may be necessary to carry
out its purposes. These sums remain available until expended.
Over the course of 1997, $30 million will be made available
for payments. An additional $4.4 million will be required in
1998 to cover anticipated payments arising from programmatic changes expected to increase the number of claims
approved.
WORKLOAD

RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

1996 actual

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8116–0–7–054

01.99

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Claims
Claims
Claims
Claims
Claims

and
and
and
and
and

appeals
appeals
appeals
appeals
appeals

pending, beginning of year
filed .....................................
approved .............................
denied .................................
pending, end of year ..........

525
600
283
454
388

1997 est.

388
651
248
450
341

1998 est.

341
926
366
519
382

1999 est.

382
930
371
598
343

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

INTERAGENCY LAW ENFORCEMENT
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
INTERAGENCY CRIME

AND

DRUG ENFORCEMENT

For necessary expenses for the detection, investigation, and prosecution of individuals involved in organized crime drug trafficking
not otherwise provided for, to include intergovernmental agreements
with State and local law enforcement agencies engaged in the investigation and prosecution of individuals involved in organized crime
drug trafficking, ø$359,430,000¿, $294,967,000 of which $50,000,000
shall remain available until expended: Provided, That any amounts
obligated from appropriations under this heading may be used under
authorities available to the organizations reimbursed from this appropriation: Provided further, That any unobligated balances remaining
available at the end of the fiscal year shall revert to the Attorney
General for reallocation among participating organizations in succeeding fiscal years, subject to the reprogramming procedures described
in section 605 of this Act. (Department of Justice Appropriations
Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0323–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Law enforcement ............................................................
Drug intelligence ............................................................
Prosecution .....................................................................
Administrative support ..................................................

268
13
77
2

268
13
77
2

200
14
79
2

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................

360

360

295

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
61.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
65.05
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

360
360
295
1 ................... ...................
361
–360

360
–360

295
–295

360

360

295

–2 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
360

360

295

priation. Participating agencies in the Departments of Transportation and the Treasury will receive resources from other
appropriation accounts. Memoranda of understanding between
agencies will be used to maintain cooperative efforts. The
task forces perform the following activities:
1. Law Enforcement.—This activity includes the resources
for direct investigative and support activities of the task
forces, focusing on the disruption of drug trafficking controlled
by various organized crime enterprises. Organizations participating under the law enforcement function are the Drug Enforcement Administration, Federal Bureau of Investigation,
U.S. Customs Service, Internal Revenue Service, Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Marshals Service, and the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
2. Drug Intelligence.—This activity includes the resources
to maintain Regional Drug Intelligence Squads (RDIS) in selected regions. The squads gather and disseminate raw data
for strategic, operational and tactical intelligence purposes
and provide regional intelligence linkage to the National Drug
Intelligence Center (NDIC) and member agencies’ headquarters.
3. Prosecution.—This activity includes the resources for the
prosecution of cases generated through the investigative efforts of task force agents. Litigation efforts are targeted selectively on the criminal leadership involved in drug trafficking
and are intended to dissolve organized illicit enterprises. This
includes activities designed to secure the seizure and forfeiture of the assets of these enterprises. Participating agencies
are the U.S. Attorneys, Criminal Division and Tax Division.
4. Administrative Support.—This activity includes the resources for a Washington-based administrative staff in the
Criminal Division which provides policy guidance, central coordination, and administrative support to the headquarters
of the 11 member Federal agencies and the 9 regional task
forces. The administrative staff is also responsible for financial management, records management, and maintenance of
a case tracking system.
The planned distribution of obligations for 1997 and 1998
among the participating Federal agencies, as well as the actual distribution for 1996, is as follows:
[In millions of dollars]

142
360
–362

140
295
–311

142

140

124

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

267
56

270
92

221
90

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

323

362

311

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

360
323

360
362

Department of Justice:
Drug Enforcement Administration ..........................................
Federal Bureau of Investigation .............................................
Immigration and Naturalization Service .................................
U.S. Marshals Service .............................................................
U.S. Attorneys ..........................................................................
Criminal Division ....................................................................
Tax Division .............................................................................
Department of the Treasury:
Internal Revenue Service ........................................................
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms .............................
U.S. Customs Service ..............................................................
Department of Transportation:
U.S. Coast Guard ....................................................................

1996 actual

Total ...............................................................................

106
360
–323

360

295
311

Note.—Excludes $75 million in budget authority in 1998 for activities transferred to: Department of the Treasury,
Interagency Law Enforcement, Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement, $73,794,000; Department of Transportation,
Coast Guard, Operating Expenses, $628,000.

This appropriation provides reimbursement to agencies
within the Department of Justice which participate in the
Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF)
Program. The OCDETF Program consists of a nationwide
structure of 9 regional task forces which combine the resources and expertise of its 11 member Federal agencies, in
cooperation with State and local investigators and prosecutors, to target and destroy major narcotic trafficking and
money-laundering organizations. In 1998, only components
within Justice will continue to be reimbursed from this appro-

675

94
103
10
1
75
2
1

1997 est.

1998 est.

94
103
10
1
75
2
1

97
106
10
1
78
2
1

35
10
27

35 ....................
10 ....................
27 ....................

1

1 ....................
360

295

WORKLOAD
1996 actual

Investigations ..............................................................................
Indictments ..................................................................................
Individuals indicted .....................................................................
Convictions ..................................................................................

586
1,495
4,668
3,945

1997 est.

1998 est.

586
1,495
4,668
3,945

586
1,495
4,668
3,945

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Federal Bureau of Investigation for
detection, investigation, and prosecution of crimes against the United

676

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued

01.91

Total capital investment ..................................

154

124

92

SALARIES

01.92
02.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

2,307
392

2,718
428

2,714
458

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2,699

3,146

3,172

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

280
2,606
–14

173
29
3,028
3,152
–26 ...................

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

States; including purchase for police-type use of not to exceed ø2,706¿
3,094 passenger motor vehicles, of which ø1,945¿ 2,270 will be for
replacement only, without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year, and hire of passenger motor vehicles; acquisition, lease, maintenance, and operation of aircraft; and
not to exceed $70,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General;
ø$2,451,361,000¿ $2,713,748,000, of which not to exceed $50,000,000
for automated data processing and telecommunications and technical
investigative equipment and not to exceed $1,000,000 for undercover
operations shall remain available until September 30, ø1998¿ 1999;
of which not less than $147,081,000 shall be for counterterrorism
investigations, foreign counterintelligence, and other activities related
to our national security; of which not to exceed ø$98,400,000¿
$84,400,000 for the automation of fingerprint identification services
and related costs and not to exceed $14,000,000 for research and
development related to investigative activities shall remain available
until expended; and of which not to exceed $10,000,000 is authorized
to be made available for making øpayments or¿ advances for expenses
arising out of contractual or reimbursable agreements with State
and local law enforcement agencies while engaged in cooperative activities related to violent crime, terrorism, organized crime, and drug
investigations; and of which $1,500,000 shall be available to maintain
an independent program office dedicated solely to the relocation of
the Criminal Justice Information Services Division and the automation of fingerprint identification services: Provided, That not to exceed
ø$45,000¿ $60,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expensesø: Provided further, That not to exceed 81 permanent positions and 85 full-time equivalent workyears and $5,959,000
shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public
Affairs: Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices
shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers
of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or
any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of
personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis¿.
øFor an additional amount for necessary expenses of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation to prevent and investigate terrorism activities
and incidents; provide for additional agents and support staff; protect
key physical assets;establish a capability for chemical, biological and
nuclear research; improve domestic intelligence; and improve security
at Federal Bureau of Investigation offices, $115,610,000, as authorized by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
(P.L. 104–132): Provided, That the entire amount is designated by
Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section
251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
Act of 1985, as amended.¿: Provided further, That no funds in this
Act may be used to provide ballistics imaging equipment to any State
or local authority which has obtained similar equipment through a
Federal grant or subsidy unless the State or local authority agrees
to return that equipment or to repay that grant or subsidy to the
Federal Government.
Further, for the foregoing purposes, $194,881,000, as follows: For
the automation of fingerprint indentification services and related costs,
$47,800,000, to became available on October 1, 1998, and remain
available until expended; and for counterterrorism investigations, foreign counterintelligence, and other activities related to our national
security, during fiscal year 1999, $147,081,000. (Department of Justice
Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0200–0–1–999

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Criminal, security, and other investigations ........
00.02
Law enforcement support .....................................
00.04
Program direction .................................................
00.05
Health care fraud enforcement ............................
00.91
01.01
01.02

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,455
1,833
1,920
460
617
541
200
144
161
38 ................... ...................

Total operating expenses .................................
2,153
Capital investment:
Criminal, security and other investigations ......... ...................
Law enforcement support .....................................
154

2,594

2,622

1 ...................
123
92

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

2,872
–2,699

3,175
–3,146

3,181
–3,172

173

29

9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.35
Appropriation rescinded ............................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

2,189
2,567
2,714
–3 ................... ...................
6
4 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

2,192

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

–45
67

–20 ...................
20 ...................

392

457

438

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,606

3,028

3,152

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

362
2,699
–2,611

450
3,146
–2,592

1,004
3,172
–2,902

450

1,004

1,274

61.00
62.00
63.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

2,571

2,714

–67
–20 ...................
22 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1,951
268
392

1,928
207
457

2,035
429
438

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,611

2,592

2,902

Offsets:
Federal funds:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Drug Enforcement .............................................
–146
88.00
Health Care Fraud ............................................ ...................
88.00
Other Federal funds .........................................
–205
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................
–41

–146
–47
–202
–62

–150
–56
–173
–59

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–392

–457

–438

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

2,214
2,219

2,571
2,135

2,714
2,464

The overall objectives of the FBI are to uphold the law—
to investigate violations of Federal criminal law, to protect
the United States from foreign hostile intelligence efforts,
to provide leadership and assistance to other Federal, State,
local, and international law enforcement agencies, and to perform these responsibilities in a manner that is faithful to
the Constitution and the laws of the United States.
These objectives result in the FBI being actively involved
in a wide range of investigations, including traditional law
enforcement investigations (bank robbery, kidnaping, fugitive,
bank embezzlement, etc.), investigations involving more modern phenomena (organized crime, white-collar crime, drug investigations, gang violence, health care fraud, environmental
crimes, civil rights violations, antitrust violations, etc.), and
investigations of foreign intelligence activities within the
United States. The FBI has concurrent jurisdiction with DEA
over Federal drug violations.

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

The direct programs of the FBI are divided into the following general categories:
Criminal, security, and other investigations.—This activity
includes all field investigations of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. These investigations are conducted by FBI Special
Agents in 56 field offices and approximately 400 resident
offices located throughout the United States and Puerto Rico.
National priority investigations include white-collar crime,
drugs, organized crime, counterterrorism and foreign counterintelligence, and investigations relating to violent crimes and
major offenders. Other investigative areas are civil rights and
security programs.
This activity also includes resources devoted to national
program supervision, coordination, and management of FBI
investigations and liaison with foreign police and security
services through Legal Attaches.
Funding initiatives proposed for 1998 include: (1) $14.3 million to continue implementation of the FBI’s Legal Attache
Expansion Plan; (2) $2.5 million to assign additional agents
overseas to combat drug trafficking; (3) $5.9 million to investigate computer crimes; (4) $5.0 million to combat organized
crime; and (5) $16.7 million to continue investigative efforts
against drug trafficking and public corruption along the
Southwest Border.
1996 actual

Investigative matters ..................................................................
Arrests .........................................................................................
Convictions ..................................................................................

163,474
25,385
13,316

1997 est.

181,113
26,354
13,704

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0200–0–1–999

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
25.5
25.7
26.0
31.0
32.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1,123
3
183

1,204
3
193

Total personnel compensation .........................
1,177
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
296
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
52
Transportation of things ...........................................
9
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
154
Rental payments to others ........................................
21
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
65
Printing and reproduction .........................................
3
Advisory and assistance services .............................
1
Other services ............................................................
231
Research and development contracts ....................... ...................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
15
Supplies and materials .............................................
46
Equipment .................................................................
231
Land and structures ..................................................
6

1,309
360
44
14
182
22

1,400
386
43
13
188
24

75
3
4
271
13
17
47
348
9

86
3
5
218
5
17
50
275
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

2,307
392

2,718
428

2,714
458

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2,699

3,146

3,172

185,582
26,557
13,963

Law enforcement support.—This activity consists of training, recruitment, applicant investigations, forensic laboratories, investigative records and communications, ADP and
telecommunications, and technical field support and services,
identification, and informational services.
1997 est.

1998 est.

1,000
4
173

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0200–0–1–999

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.*

* Includes workload for VCRP-funded activities.

Training—FBI Academy:
New Agents: Trained .............................................
In-Service Training, FBI ........................................
State and Locals, Nat. Acad. & Int. Tng .............
Training—Field:
Special Agents ......................................................
State and Locals ...................................................
Forensic Examinations performed:
Federal ..................................................................
Non-Federal ...........................................................
Name Checks Processed ................................................
Fingerprint Cards Processed ..........................................
NCIC Transactions .........................................................
UCR Statistical Reports Processed ................................

677

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1997 est.

1998 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

21,272
2,994

22,397
3,116

23,763
3,226

..............................
and holiday hours

2,699
429

3,039
468

3,411
330

1998 est.

1,090
5,261
4,193

979
4,850
3,700

700
8,000
5,340

10,095
117,139

10,686
123,000

10,793
125,000

598.524
98,019
35,345,395
9,781,111
623,765,544
31,397,000

622,500
127,500
38,700,000
11,000,000
673,666,788
36,437,000

664,000
136,000
41,857,000
11,500,000
727,560,131
36,437,000

* Includes workload for VCRP-funded activities.

Program direction.—This activity includes the management,
administrative support, legal, planning, evaluation, inspection, and financial functions of the FBI. Some workload measures include press releases, assistance to media, dissemination of FBI publications, Title III applications, undercover
operations proposals, civil actions, field office audits, and position classification matters.
Health care fraud enforcement.—This activity consists of
FBI efforts to combat health care fraud and abuse. Beginning
in 1997, the FBI is being reimbursed for investigations of
health care fraud, as a result of the enactment of the Health
Care Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (P.L. 104–
191).
The FBI also carries out a number of other activities on
a reimbursable basis. The FBI is reimbursed for its participation in Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement programs.
Additionally, the FBI is reimbursed by other Federal agencies
for certain investigative activities, such as pre-employment
background inquiries and fingerprint and name checks, and
by non-Federal agencies for pre-employment fingerprint and
name checks.

CONSTRUCTION
For necessary expenses to construct or acquire buildings and sites
by purchase, or as otherwise authorized by law (including equipment
for such buildings); conversion and extension of federally-owned buildings; and preliminary planning and design of projects; ø$41,639,000¿
$49,006,000, to remain available until expended. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0203–0–1–751

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06
10.00

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Laboratory ......................................................................
1
30
99
Command Center ........................................................... ...................
10 ...................
Academy modernization .................................................
5
4
12
Academy maintenance ...................................................
2
4
6
J. Edgar Hoover Building renovations ........................... ................... ...................
10
Los Angeles field office renovations ............................. ................... ...................
5
Total obligations ........................................................

8

48

132

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
98

90
42

84
49

98
–8

132
–48

133
–132

90

84

1

98

42

49

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................

6

46

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

72.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

678

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ................... ................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
100
100

General and special funds—Continued

21.40

CONSTRUCTION—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 15–0203–0–1–751

73.10
73.20
74.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

8
–1

48
–8

132
–36

6

46

142

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
1
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

4
4

5
31

8

36

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

100
–100

100
–100

60

100

40 ...................
100

100

................... ...................
...................
100
...................
–70

30
100
–66

72.40

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

98
1

42
8

49
36

In 1998, resources are proposed for several on-going and
new construction initiatives. On-going initiatives include the
construction of a new FBI Laboratory facility at the FBI Academy complex located at Quantico, Virginia. Additionally, the
relocation of the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services
Division to Clarksburg, West Virginia, and the FBI Laboratory necessitate the renovation and reprogramming of space
being vacated in the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington,
D.C. Funding of $10.5 million is being requested for this
renovation project. In addition, funding of $4.7 million is proposed to expand, renovate and realign the FBI field office
in Los Angeles, California.

25.2
31.0
32.0
99.9

1996 actual

Other services ................................................................
3
Equipment ...................................................................... ...................
Land and structures ......................................................
5
Total obligations ........................................................

8

1997 est.

1998 est.

15
9
10 ...................
23
123
48

132

TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER COMPLIANCE FUND
For necessary expenses, as determined by the Attorney General,
ø$60,000,000¿ $100,000,000, to remain available until expended, to
be deposited in the Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund
for making payments to telecommunications carriers, equipment manufacturers, and providers of telecommunications support services
øpursuant to section 110 of this Act: Provided, That the entire
amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended: Provided further,
That the entire amount not previously designated by the President
as an emergency requirement shall be available only to the extent
an official budget request, for a specific dollar amount that includes
designation of the entire amount of the request as an emergency
requirement, as defined in the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended, is transmitted to Congress¿,
as authorized by 47 U.S.C. 1009, as amended.
Further, for the foregoing purposes related to national security,
$50,000,000 for deposit in the Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund, to become available October 1, 1998, and remain available
until expended. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0202–0–1–999

00.02
02.01
10.00

1996 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Law enforcement support .............................................. ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................
Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

87.00

1997 est.

1998 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

30

64

...................
30
50
................... ...................
16
...................
40 ...................
................... ................... ...................

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0203–0–1–751

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

70

66

–40 ...................

60
30

100
66

The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act
(CALEA) of 1994 authorizes the Attorney General to pay telecommunications carriers for costs directly associated with
modifying equipment to allow law enforcement to perform
court-authorized wiretaps. Activities eligible for reimbursement include modifications performed by carriers in connection with equipment, facilities, and services installed or deployed to comply with the Act. In particular, telecommunications carriers are required to expeditiously isolate and enable intercept of all wire and electronic communications, provide access to call-identifying information that is reasonably
available to the carrier, deliver the intercepts and call-identifying information to the government, and provide these services unobtrusively so as to minimize interference to subscriber
services.
The Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 1997 (P.L.
104–208) established the Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund for making payments to telecommunications carriers, equipment manufacturers, and providers of telecommunications support services. In addition to direct appropriations to the Fund, Congress authorized Federal agencies
with law enforcement and intelligence responsibilities to
transfer to the Fund unobligated balances that are available
until expended, upon compliance with Congressional notification requirements.
Funding in 1998, including an increase of $40 million in
direct appropriations to the Fund, will be used to continue
systems engineering and engineering development activities
for priority telephone switching platforms and associated intelligent network peripherals.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

60
100
40 ...................
100

100

Identification code 15–0202–0–1–999

25.2

1996 actual

Direct obligations:
Other services ............................................................ ...................

1997 est.

60

1998 est.

100

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................

99.9

60
100
40 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

100

100

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
For activities authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322), as amended (‘‘the
1994 Act’’), and the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
of 1996 (‘‘the Antiterrorism Act’’), ø$169,000,000¿ $179,121,000, to
remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund; of which ø$76,356,000¿
$102,127,000 shall be for activities authorized by section 190001(c)
of the 1994 Act and section 811 of the Antiterrorism Act;
ø$53,404,000¿ $57,994,000 shall be for activities authorized by section
190001(b) of the 1994 Actø, of which $20,240,000 shall be for activities authorized by section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Public Law 103–159), as amended¿; $4,000,000 shall be
for training and investigative assistance authorized by section 210501
of the 1994 Act; $9,500,000 shall be for grants to States, as authorized by section 811(b) of the Antiterrorism Act; and $5,500,000 shall
be for establishing DNA quality-assurance and proficiency-testing
standards, establishing an index to facilitate law enforcement exchange of DNA identification information, and related activities authorized by section 210501 of the 1994 Act. (Department of Justice
Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8604–0–1–750

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Criminal, security, and other investigations ............
00.02
Law enforcement support ..........................................
00.91
02.02

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

29
154

31
137

37
127

Total operating expenses ......................................
183
Capital investment: Law Enforcement Support ............. ...................

168
36

164
15

204

ued development of the Combined DNA Index System
(CODIS), as well as finance the purchase of CODIS systems
for State and local forensic laboratories. Funding will also
be used for the establishment of DNA quality-assurance and
proficiency-testing standards, and to modernize FBI laboratory equipment. Funding will support improved training and
technical automation for State, Indian Tribal, and local law
enforcement agencies. Funding will finance lease payments
for antenna sites used in visual and voice communication,
provide overtime payments for non-Federal participants in
the Safe Streets Task Force program, and improve FBI aviation support. Funding initiatives proposed for 1998 include
(1) $5.9 million to support the FBI’s Computer Intrusion and
Threat Assessment Center; (2) $8 million to comply with Executive Order and Department policies relating to the completion of security reinvestigations of FBI employees and contract personnel; (3) $6 million to replace microwave radio
equipment; (4) $2 million to enhance the safety of FBI undercover personnel and operations; and (5) $9 million to support
development of a FOIPA document processing system.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

183

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
218

42.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

218
–183

1998 est.

11.1
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
25.7
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
21
1
1
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
4 ................... ...................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
2
1
Rental payments to others ............................................
2
10
8
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
2 ................... ...................
Other services ................................................................
36
36
38
Operation and maintenance of equipment ................... ...................
6
3
Supplies and materials .................................................
2
1
1
Equipment ......................................................................
116
148
127

18
1
1
3 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

183

204

179

Personnel Summary
35 ...................
169
179
204
–204

179
–179

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8604–0–1–750

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1997 est.

1998 est.

373
5
7
32 ................... ...................

35 ................... ...................

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
218

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
183
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–85
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
98

86.90
86.93

1997 est.

179

Total obligations ........................................................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8604–0–1–750

99.9
10.00

679

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
85
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

169

179

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

98
204
–160

142
179
–159

142

162

127
33

134
25

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

85

160

159

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

218
85

169
160

179
159

A portion of this funding will finance the FBI’s digital telephony and tactical operations program. This funding will
also be used to develop an interoperable wireless communication network for the law enforcement and public safety community, and for development and operation of DRUGFIRE,
a computerized system for matching images of discharged
ammunition casing and bullets. Funds will finance the contin-

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Drug Enforcement Administration,
including not to exceed $70,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of
a confidential character, to be expended under the direction of, and
to be accounted for solely under the certificate of, the Attorney General; expenses for conducting drug education and training programs,
including travel and related expenses for participants in such programs and the distribution of items of token value that promote
the goals of such programs; purchase of not to exceed ø1,158¿ 1,602
passenger motor vehicles, of which ø1,032¿ 1,410 will be for replacement only, for police-type use without regard to the general purchase
price limitation for the current fiscal year; and acquisition, lease,
maintenance, and operation of aircraft; ø$745,388,000¿ $697,025,000,
of which not to exceed $1,800,000 for research and $15,000,000 for
transfer to the Drug Diversion Control Fee Account for operating
expenses shall remain available until expended, and of which not
to exceed $4,000,000 for purchase of evidence and payments for information, not to exceed ø$4,000,000¿ $10,000,000 for contracting for
automated data processing and telecommunications equipment, and
not to exceed $2,000,000 for laboratory equipment, $4,000,000 for
technical equipment, and $2,000,000 for aircraft replacement retrofit
and parts, shall remain available until September 30, ø1998¿ 1999;
and of which not to exceed $50,000 shall be available for official

680

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

89.00
90.00

EXPENSES—Continued

reception and representation expensesƒ: Provided, That not to exceed
25 permanent positions and 25 full-time equivalent workyears and
$1,828,000 shall be expended for the Office of Legislative Affairs
and Public Affairs: Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary
transfers of personnel on either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable
basis or any other type of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds on either a temporary or long-term basis.¿
øFor an additional amount for security measures for domestic and
foreign Drug Enforcement Administration offices, $5,000,000: Provided, That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended¿.
(Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1100–0–1–751

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Enforcement ...............................................................
00.02
Investigative support .................................................
00.04
Program direction ......................................................

1996 actual

439
234
89

1997 est.

409
271
70

1998 est.

344
258
80

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

762
197

750
162

682
166

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

959

912

848

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
21.40

23.90
23.95

7 ................... ...................
950
911
848
2 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

959
–959

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

753
–15
15

751
697
–15
–15
13 ...................

43.00

753

749

61.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

911
–912

848
–848

682

–22 ................... ...................
22 ................... ...................
197

162
911

848

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

85
199
236
959
912
848
–843
–875
–821
–2 ................... ...................
199

236

263

641
562
512
2
151
143
197
162
166
3 ................... ...................
843

875

821

–100
–94
–3

–94
–65
–3

–86
–77
–3

88.90

–197

–162

–166

749
713

682
655

ENFORCEMENT

Domestic enforcement.—This activity encompasses DEA’s
general efforts to eliminate or immobilize major drug trafficking organizations and thereby reduce the domestic supply
of illicit drugs.
Domestic Enforcement includes the majority of the activities
encompassed within DEA’s 21 domestic field divisions. These
activities include efforts to reduce the availability of illicit
drugs by immobilizing targeted organizations that are substantially responsible for importation and distribution of
drugs and by focusing enforcement operations on specific drug
trafficking problems.
State and local task forces.—This activity encompasses efforts to reduce drug availability and immobilize major drug
trafficking organizations through intergovernmental cooperation with State and local law enforcement agencies. There
are currently 98 program-funded and 41 provisional State
and Local Task Forces participating in the program. This
program is funded in DEA’s Violent Crime Reduction Programs appropriation in 1997.
The measures below reflect the level of activity performed
by this program.
1996 actual

DEA initiated arrests .....................................................
Other Federal referral arrests ........................................
DEA cooperative arrests .................................................
State and Local Task Force arrests ..............................
Clandestine labs seized .................................................
DEA/OCDE arrests ..........................................................
DEA-wide assets seized ($ thousands) .........................

1997 est.

1998 est.

4,483
1,222
7,294
7,146
339
4,889
$720,083,000

4,733
1,290
7,701
......................
358
4,889
$750,000,000

4,973
1,356
8,092
......................
375
4,889
$750,000,000

Foreign cooperative investigations.—This activity encompasses efforts to (1) disrupt, as close to the source as possible,
production of opium, heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and illicitly
produced and diverted legitimate dangerous drugs destined
for the United States, and (2) collect and disseminate intelligence regarding narcotics production and trafficking. The
measure below reflects the level of activity performed by this
program. This program is funded in DEA’s Violent Crime
Reduction Program (VCRP) appropriation in 1998.
1996 actual

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Federal funds (Drug Enforcement) ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................
Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

753
646

The mission of the DEA is to control abuse of narcotics
and dangerous drugs by restricting the aggregate supply of
those drugs. At the Federal level, DEA is the lead drug law
enforcement agency. DEA accomplishes its objectives through
coordination with State, local, and other Federal officials in
drug enforcement activities, development and maintenance of
drug intelligence systems, regulation of legitimate controlled
substances activities, and enforcement coordination and intelligence-gathering activities with foreign government agencies.
Cooperation among Federal law enforcement agencies is extensive, especially within the nine Interagency Crime and
Drug Enforcement (ICDE) task forces. DEA’s involvement is
integral to this nationwide coordinated enforcement strategy.
With the ICDE program and the expansion of other agency
cooperative efforts, overall drug enforcement capabilities have
been significantly strengthened in recent years.
The activities of the DEA are divided into the following
general categories:

166

950

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

Foreign cooperative arrests .........................................................

1,650

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,845 ....................

Chemical diversion control.—This activity seeks to reduce
the diversion of legitimately produced controlled chemicals
into illicit channels at all levels of distribution and to provide
the leadership and support necessary to ensure that State
and local agencies and the chemical industry establish and
maintain programs and policies to control diversion. The Drug

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Diversion Control activities are funded from the Drug Diversion Control Fee Account.
The measure below reflects the level of activity performed
by this program.
1996 actual

Criminal investigations ...........................................................

32

1997 est.

38

1998 est.

45

INVESTIGATIVE SUPPORT

Intelligence.—This activity encompasses the collection, analysis, and dissemination of drug intelligence in support of the
enforcement operations of DEA and other Federal, State and
local agencies.
DEA laboratory services.—This activity encompasses laboratory analysis of evidence and expert testimony in support
of the investigation and prosecution of drug traffickers. The
measure below reflects the level of activity performed by this
program. This program is funded in DEA’s VCRP appropriation in 1998.
1996 actual

Laboratory exhibits analyzed .......................................................

43,401

1997 est.

1998 est.

46,439 ....................

DEA training.—This activity encompasses entry level training for all special agents, diversion investigators, and intelligence analysts; advanced, in-service and specialized training
for investigative and other personnel; executive, mid-level
management, and supervisory training for appropriate agency
officials; and foreign language training for DEA personnel
assigned to overseas and border offices as needed. In 1998,
training will focus on basic agent, in-service and specialized
training activities. The measures below reflect a portion of
the level of activity performed by this program.
1996 actual

Agents trained (basic) ................................................................
408
Diversion investigators trained (basic) .......................................
47
Intelligence specialist trained (basic) ........................................ ....................
Forensic chemists trained ...........................................................
20

1997 est.

450
80
25
20

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

681

316
94
48
1
36
28

300
98
28
1
57
15

262
73
28
2
50
3

41
1
10
37

46
1
10
44

41
1
10
60

25.4
25.6
25.7
26.0
31.0
32.0
33.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Medical care ..............................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Investments and loans ..............................................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

762
197

750
162

682
166

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

959

912

848

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

39
60
38
14
14
12
3
1
1
30
26
25
22
22
22
33
27
54
8 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1100–0–1–751

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1997 est.

1998 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

5,234
896

4,912
728

4,293
636

..............................
and holiday hours

1,017
249

1,033
249

1,033
249

1998 est.

332
64
95
25

Research, engineering, and technical operations.—This activity encompasses providing high quality and timely radio communications capability, technical and investigative equipment
assistance support, maintenance and operation of an aircraft
fleet, and research programs directly related to the DEA law
enforcement and intelligence functions.
ADP and telecommunications.—This activity encompasses
automated data processing and telecommunication support on
a nationwide and worldwide basis.
Records management.—This activity encompasses effective
and efficient records management, Freedom of Information/
Privacy Act, and library support.
PROGRAM DIRECTION

Management and Administration.—This activity encompasses the overall management, contracting, and direction of
DEA to include personnel, general services, and Equal Employment Opportunity functions.

CONSTRUCTION
For necessary expenses to construct or acquire buildings and sites
by purchase, or as otherwise authorized by law (including equipment
for such buildings); conversion and extension of federally-owned buildings; and preliminary planning and design of projects; ø$30,806,000¿
$5,500,000, to remain available until expended. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1101–0–1–751

00.01
10.00

1996 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Construction Program .................................................... ...................
Total obligations (object class 32.0) ........................

2

1997 est.

1998 est.

31

6

31

6

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
2 ................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
31
6
21.40

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

31
–31

6
–6

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ...................

31

6

12
2
–7

7
31
–8

30
6
–14

7

30

22

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
7

3
5

1
13

7

8

14

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................

31

6

REIMBURSABLE PROGRAM

Reimbursable program.—The primary reimbursements to
DEA are for the Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement
Task Force program, the training of foreign drug law enforcement officials (funded by the Department of State), and the
expenses incurred in managing seized assets and other purposes for which DEA is reimbursed from the Department
of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund.

40.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1100–0–1–751

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 actual

272
2
42

1997 est.

260
2
38

1998 est.

226
2
34

86.90
86.93
87.00

89.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

682

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued

are currently 98 program-funded and 41 provisional State
and Local Task Forces participating in the program.
The measures below reflect the level of activity performed
by this program.

CONSTRUCTION—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 15–1101–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1996 actual

State and Local Task Force arrests ............................................
90.00

Outlays ...........................................................................

7

8

7,146

1997 est.

7,146

1998 est.

7,146

14

The account funds the following in 1997: (1) $1.5 million
for the highest priority renovation and upgrade needs at
DEA’s current forensic laboratory facilities, and (2) $29.3 million to complete the Justice Training Center to be located
at the FBI Academy at Quantico, VA.
The 1998 request would fund DEA’s continued efforts to
replace and upgrade its forensic laboratory facilities.
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS

Foreign cooperative investigations.—This activity encompasses efforts to (1) disrupt, as close to the source as possible,
production of opium, heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and illicitly
produced and diverted legitimate dangerous drugs destined
for the United States, and (2) collect and disseminate intelligence regarding narcotics production and trafficking. The
measure below reflects the level of activity performed by this
program.
Foreign cooperative arrests ......................................................... .................... ....................

For activities authorized by sections 180104 and 190001(b) of the
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public
Law 103–322), as amended, and section 814 of the Antiterrorism
and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104–132), and
for the purchase of øpassenger motor vehicles for police-type use,
as otherwise authorized in this title, $220,000,000,¿ not to exceed
1,602 passenger motor vehicles, of which 1,410 will be for replacement
only, for police-type use without regard to the general purchase price
limitation for the current fiscal year, $400,037,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime
Reduction Trust Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act,
1997.)

2,035

DEA laboratory services.—This activity encompasses laboratory analysis of evidence and expert testimony in support
of the investigation and prosecution of drug traffickers. The
measure below reflects the level of activity performed by this
program. This program was part of DEA’s Salaries and Expenses appropriation before 1998.
1996 actual

1997 est.

Laboratory exhibits analyzed ....................................................... .................... ....................

1998 est.

49,670

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8602–0–1–751

1997 est.

1998 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8602–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Violent Crime Reduction Program .................................

53

220

400

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

53

220

400

22.00
23.95
24.40

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

60
–53

220
–220

400
–400

42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

11.1
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.1
25.2
25.3

7 ................... ...................

60

220

400

7
53
–41

19
220
–179

60
400
–314

19

60

25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0
42.0

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

8
2

57
12

119
20

Total personnel compensation ..............................
10
69
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
4
26
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
1
11
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
9
20
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
9
Advisory and assistance services .................................. ................... ...................
Other services ................................................................
16
32
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
3
–1
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
1
11
Operation and maintenance of equipment ................... ................... ...................
Supplies and materials .................................................
1
4
Equipment ......................................................................
7
39
Insurance claims and indemnities ................................ ................... ...................

139
63
19
42
16
37
23
6
13
2
5
34
1

146

72.40

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

53

220

400

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8602–0–1–751

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
41
86.93 Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

165
14

300
14

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

41

179

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

60
41

220
179

400
314

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

314

The Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund provides resources
to address drug-related violent crime. For 1998, the Fund
will provide resources for: The Drug Enforcement Administration’s Mobile Enforcement Teams (MET) Program; State and
Local Task Forces; Foreign Cooperative Investigations; Laboratory Services; Firebird, Merlin, and other related expenses,
including the purchase of motor vehicles.
State and local task forces.—This activity encompasses efforts to reduce drug availability and immobilize major drug
trafficking organizations through intergovernmental cooperation with State and local law enforcement agencies. There

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

160
51

1,013
278

2,041
439

DIVERSION CONTROL FEE ACCOUNT
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5131–0–2–751

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Diversion control fee account ........................................
01.99

04.00

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Diversion control fee account ........................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

37

40

59

50

72

63

87

112

122

–47
40

–53
59

–58
64

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5131–0–2–751

1996 actual

Personnel Summary
1997 est.

1998 est.

1996 actual

Identification code 15–5131–0–2–751

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

62

68

73

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

8
62

8
68

8
73

70
–62

76
–68

81
–73

8

8

8

10.00

683

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

522
4

1997 est.

1998 est.

594
613
4 ...................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

15

15

15

47

53

58

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

62

68

73

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

16
62
–55

23
68
–62

28
73
–54

23

28

47

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
13
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
34
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
8

13 ...................
1 ...................
36
38
12
16

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

55

62

54

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

62
53

68
62

73
54

Note:—Includes $2 million in budget authority in 1996 for activities previously financed from: Drug Enforcement
Administration—Salaries and Expenses Appropriation, ADP Decision Unit.

Public Law 102–395 established the Diversion Control Fee
Account in 1993. Fees charged by the Drug Enforcement Administration under the Diversion Control Program are set
at a level that ensures the recovery of the full costs of operating the various aspects of the program. The purpose of this
program is to prevent, detect, and investigate the diversion
of controlled substances from legitimate channels, while at
the same time ensuring an adequate and uninterrupted supply of controlled substances required to meet legitimate needs.
The measures below reflect the level of activity performed
by this program.
1996 actual

305,000
1,418
5,900
1,033
4.5

1997 est.

350,000
1,444
6,900
1,050
4.5

1998 est.

366,000
1,470
7,900
1,070
4.5

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5131–0–2–751

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.1
25.2
25.3
25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

AND

EXPENSES

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

72.40

Registrations processed ..........................................................
Manufacturing quotas set ......................................................
Import/export permits and declarations issued .....................
Investigations ..........................................................................
Civil fines ($ in millions) .......................................................

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................
Permanent:
60.25
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION
SERVICE

1996 actual

1997 est.

27
29
7
7
2
2
9
9
2
3
1 ...................
5
11

1998 est.

30
7
2
1
3
3
18

2 ...................
1
1 ................... ...................
1 ...................
1
1
1
1
4
6
6
62

68

73

For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and alien registration, including not to exceed $50,000
to meet unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character, to be
expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under
the certificate of, the Attorney General; purchase for police type use
(not to exceed ø2,691¿ 2,574, of which 1,711 are for replacement
only), without regard to the general purchase price limitation for
the current fiscal year, and hire of passenger motor vehicles; acquisition, lease, maintenance and operation of aircraft; øand¿ research
related to immigration enforcement; and for the care and housing
of Federal detainees held in the joint INS and United States Marshals
Service’s Buffalo Detention Facility ø$1,590,159,000¿ $1,651,463,000,
of which not to exceed $400,000 for research shall remain available
until expended; øand¿ of which not to exceed ø$10,000,000 shall
be available for costs associated with the training program for basic
officer training, and¿ $5,000,000 is for payments or advances arising
out of contractual or reimbursable agreements with State and local
law enforcement agencies while engaged in cooperative activities related to immigration; and of which not to exceed $5,000,000 is to
fund or reimburse other Federal agencies for the costs associated with
the care, maintenance, and repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens:
Provided, That the Attorney General may reallocate to the INS training program from other INS programs such amounts as may be necessary for direct expenditure for immigration officer basic training:
Provided further, That none of the funds available to the øImmigration and Naturalization Service¿ INS shall be available to pay any
employee overtime pay in an amount in excess of $30,000 during
the calendar year beginning January 1, ø1997¿ 1998, except in such
instances when the commissioner determines that enforcing this overtime provision would harm enforcement or service activities: Provided
further, That uniforms may be purchased without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year: Provided
further, That not to exceed ø$5,000¿ $20,000 shall be available for
official reception and representation expensesø: Provided further,
That none of the funds provided in this or any other Act shall be
used for the continued operation of the San Clemente and Temecula
checkpoints unless the checkpoints are open and traffic is being
checked on a continuous 24-hour basis: Provided further, That the
Land Border Fee Pilot Project scheduled to end September 30, 1996,
is extended to September 30, 1999, for projects on both the northern
and southern borders of the United States, except that no pilot program may implement a universal land border crossing toll: Provided
further, That obligated and unobligated balances available to ‘‘Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service’’ under section
501(c) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 are transferred to this account and shall remain available until expended:
Provided further, That not to exceed 48 permanent positions and
48 full-time equivalent workyears and $4,628,000 shall be expended
for the Office of Legislative Affairs and Public Affairs: Provided further, That the latter two aforementioned offices shall not be augmented by personnel details, temporary transfers of personnel on
either a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis or any other type
of formal or informal transfer or reimbursement of personnel or funds
on either a temporary or long-term basis¿.
øFor an additional amount to support the detention and removal
of aliens with ties to terrorist organizations and expand the detention
and removal of illegal aliens and enhance the intelligence of the
Immigration and Naturalization Service, $15,000,000, of which
$10,000,000 shall be for detention and removal of aliens: Provided,

684

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
90.00

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Outlays ...........................................................................

1,160

1,763

1,564

EXPENSES—Continued

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

896
264
932

1,286
477
1,114

1,321
243
1,202

The Immigration and Naturalization Service is responsible
for administering laws relating to the admission, exclusion,
deportation, and naturalization of aliens. Specifically, the
Service inspects aliens to determine their admissibility into
the United States; adjudicates requests of aliens for benefits
under the law; prevents illegal entry into the United States;
investigates, apprehends, and removes aliens in this country
in violation of the law; and examines alien applicants wishing
to become citizens.
Immigration Initiative.—This budget builds upon the efforts
of the last four years to strengthen the Immigration and
Naturalization Service and implement a strategic immigration
initiative that secures the Nation’s borders as it reduces the
effect of illegal immigration. This strategic immigration initiative will focus on border facilitation and control, repair and
restoration of infrastructure, removal of criminal and deportable aliens, and reducing incentives for unauthorized employment and benefits. This budget will provide resources to improve both traffic facilitation and law enforcement along the
border and at ports of entry. Over 500 new immigration
agents, officers, and support staff will perform a strategic
mix of activities to best achieve the ‘‘prevention through deterrence’’ goal of the Border Control Strategy. New border
staffing will be deployed along the border and in domestic
and overseas anti-smuggling investigative units. This initiative also includes resources for: automated enforcement system technology; a comprehensive plan for detention and removal of deportable aliens; expansion of the employer sanctions program; and the employment verification information
system.
Enforcement.—This activity contains resources for preventing illegal entry into the United States and facilitating the
entry of qualified persons. This includes inspection of applicants for admission, patrol of the border, and the location
of illegal aliens who are in the United States following illegal
entry or violation of status after legal entry. Apprehensions
are made through the inspection of places of employment,
by the investigation of information about the location of undocumented aliens, and through investigative case work. Also
included are the resources for the Service’s nationwide antismuggling program.
Detention.—This budget includes additional resources to detain those here illegally and to begin implementing the Illegal
Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act provisions requiring mandatory incarceration of criminal aliens.
Resources are provided for investigatory, detention and deportation staff and to fund Federal use of State and local jail
bedspace to house illegal aliens pending deportation.
Most reimbursements received by the Service are from the
inspections, legalization, examination, and land border fee
programs. Also included are reimbursements for retrofitting
conveyances for drug law enforcement purposes and for managing and operating the vehicle seizure program. These resources are from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture
Fund. Resources are also received for participation in the
Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Program.

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,092

2,877

2,766

WORKLOAD

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)—Continued

That the entire amount is designated by Congress as an emergency
requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.¿ (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1217–0–1–751

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Enforcement ..........................................................
00.02
Citizenship and benefits .......................................
00.03
Immigration support .............................................
00.04
Program direction .................................................

1,016
5
186
97

1,285
9
184
104

1,311
11
182
108

00.91

1,304

1,582

1,612

01.01
01.03
01.04

Total operating expenses .................................
Capital investment:
Enforcement ..........................................................
Immigration support .............................................
Program direction .................................................

33
16
6

46
8
7

24
8
7

01.91

Total capital investment ..................................

55

61

39

01.92
02.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

1,359
932

1,643
1,114

1,651
1,202

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2,291

2,757

2,853

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

3
36 ...................
2,327
2,721
2,853
–3 ................... ...................
2,327
–2,291

2,757
–2,757

2,853
–2,853

36 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

1,393
2

1,605
1,651
2 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1,395

1,607

932

1,114

1,202

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,327

2,721

2,853

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

362
2,291
–2,092

561
2,757
–2,877

441
2,853
–2,766

561

441

528

61.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

1,651

–7 ................... ...................
7 ................... ...................

72.40

1996 actual

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Federal funds (Drug Enforcement) ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–921
–10
–1

–1,103
–10
–1

–1,189
–12
–1

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–932

–1,114

–1,202

89.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................

1,395

1,607

1,651

Total persons inspected (land) ......................................
Inadmissable aliens intercepted (inspections) .............
Smugglers conveyances seized (border patrol) .............
Deportable aliens apprehended (border patrol) ............
Smuggled aliens apprehended (border patrol) .............
Smugglers apprehended (border patrol) .......................
Deportable aliens apprehended (investigations) ...........
Cases Completed (investigations):
Criminal organizations ..........................................
Fraud organizations/facilitators ............................
Prosecution of smugglers (total) ...................................
Number of detention days .............................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

403,465,179
939,853
11,129
1,549,876
122,233
13,458
94,535

425,187,000
986,845
11,300
1,200,000
125,000
13,600
111,600

448,000,000
1,036,000
11,500
1,300,000
127,000
14,000
119,500

97
394
1,930
2,823,370

97
394
2,050
4,069,989

97
394
2,050
4,804,975

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Detentions ......................................................................
Fraudulent documents lab examinations completed ....

103,594
4,036

134,889
4,833

159,536
5,800

Immigration support.—This activity includes the resources
for construction, communications, records management, automated data processing, training of personnel, research and
development, legal proceedings, and the alien documentation
program (ADIT). Resources are included to increase personnel
devoted to responding to information received from the public.
WORKLOAD
1996 actual

Basic officer training completions ..............................................
Journeyman officer training ........................................................
Alien files opened ........................................................................
Record verifications completed ...................................................
Information services inquiries telephone ....................................
Information services inquiries in person ....................................

1997 est.

3,500
2,000
1,500,000
1,337,340
13,200,000
5,700,000

2,800
3,000
1,700,000
1,604,808
13,200,000
5,700,000

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Program direction.—This activity contains resources for the
overall administration and management of the Service.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

48

34

74

42
25

24 ...................
10
74

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

1996 actual

Identification code 15–1217–0–1–751

1996 actual

Identification code 15–1219–0–1–751

5 ................... ...................

1998 est.

2,446
413
1,331,000
1,069,872
12,763,891
5,230,896

685

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
503
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
17
Other personnel compensation .............................
148
Special personal services payments .................... ...................

1997 est.

1998 est.

620
22
162
1

668
22
177
1

805
256
6
64
11
66
9

868
277
6
60
12
66
9

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

72
–48

34
–34

74
–74

24 ................... ...................

25

10

74

72.40

86.90
86.93

5
49
60
48
34
74
1
–23
–36
–5 ................... ...................
49

60

98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
–1

1
22

7
29

87.00
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

668
186
2
32
6
67
7

20
29
29
3
2
2
211
190
135
12
15
25
7
7
7
61
95
100
69
82
52
4
6
3
4 ................... ...................
1,359
932
2,291

1,643
1,114
2,757

1,651
1,202
2,853

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1217–0–1–751

1997 est.

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

–1

23

36

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

25
–1

10
23

74
36

These funds will be used for the construction and maintenance of Immigration and Naturalization Service facilities.
Base funding is available for facilities improvements and the
remediation of leaking underground fuel storage tanks. Program enhancements will be used to create a building management program ($5.3 million), and to construct, repair and
renovate Border Patrol ($34.3 million) and Detention ($14.2
million) facilities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0

1997 est.

1998 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ............. ................... ...................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................ ................... ...................
Other services ................................................................
12
3
Supplies and materials .................................................
10
1
Equipment ...................................................................... ................... ...................
Land and structures ......................................................
26
30

2
1
18
1
1
51

1998 est.

99.9
Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 actual

Identification code 15–1219–0–1–751

..............................
and holiday hours

13,089
4,586

15,067
5,013

16,143
5,000

..............................
and holiday hours

7,540
1,320

8,139
1,400

Total obligations ........................................................

48

34

74

Personnel Summary

9,374
1,400

Identification code 15–1219–0–1–751

1001

1996 actual

1997 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................

1998 est.

1

19

IMMIGRATION EMERGENCY FUND
CONSTRUCTION
For planning, construction, renovation, equipping, and maintenance
of buildings and facilities necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and
alien registration, not otherwise provided for, ø$9,841,000¿
$73,831,000, to remain available until expended. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1218–0–1–751

1996 actual

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
43
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................

1997 est.

1998 est.

21.40

45
10
–35 ...................

686

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
02.02
02.03

General and special funds—Continued
IMMIGRATION EMERGENCY FUND—Continued

Immigration Support (IHP) ........................................
59
Management and Administration .............................. ...................

89
14

76
4

02.91

Identification code 15–1218–0–1–751

22.10
23.90
23.95
24.40

Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

Total capital investment .......................................

70

135

133

10.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

Total obligations ........................................................

321

529

732

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

34
316

29 ...................
500
732

1998 est.

21.40
2 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
45
10
10
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
45
10
10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.36 Unobligated balance rescinded ..................................... ...................

23.90
23.95
24.40

–35 ...................
42.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

24
3
3
–19 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................
3

3

3

The Immigration Emergency Fund, established by the Immigration Reform and Control Act and funded by Public Law
101–162, provides funds for possible increases in border patrol
and other enforcement activities, and for reimbursement to
States and localities for assistance in meeting an immigration
emergency. The Immigration Act of 1990, however, amended
these provisions and allows for reimbursement to States and
localities at the discretion of the Attorney General, in the
event that asylum applications in a district exceed a certain
amount during a given quarter, or if lives, property, safety
or welfare of the residents of a State or locality are endangered, or in other circumstances as determined by the Attorney General.
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
For activities authorized by sections 130002, 130005, 130006,
130007, and 190001(b) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322), as amended, and section
813 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
(Public Law 104–132), ø$500,000,000¿ $732,251,000, to remain available until expended, which will be derived from the Violent Crime
Reduction Trust Fundø, of which $66,217,000 shall be for expeditious
deportation of denied asylum applicants, $317,256,000 shall be for
improving border controls, and $116,527,000 shall be for detention
and deportation proceedings: Provided, That amounts not required
for asylum processing provided under the expeditious deportation
of denied asylum applicants shall also be available for other deportation program activities¿. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act,
1997.)

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Operating Expenses:
00.01
Enforcement ...............................................................
00.02
Citizenship & Benefits ..............................................
00.03
Immigration Support .................................................
00.04
Management and Administration ..............................

104
284
460
19 ................... ...................
127
109
135
1
1
4

00.91

251

394

599

11

32

53

02.01

Total operating expenses ......................................
Capital Investment:
Enforcement ...............................................................

529
–529

732
–732

29 ................... ...................

316

500

732

153
321
–215

259
529
–358

430
732
–608

259

430

554

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
215
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

340
18

498
110

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

215

358

608

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

316
215

500
358

732
608

Resources from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund
will be used to augment immigration law enforcement activities. Border control will be improved through the addition
of enforcement and support personnel and the increased use
of identification technology strategically deployed along the
border. Resources will be used to expand and modernize training programs and to improve technology support for Service
personnel. Interagency initiatives between the U.S. Customs
Service and the Immigration and Naturalization Service will
be enhanced. The employer sanctions and employment verification information programs will be enhanced. A criminal
alien tracking center will operate providing immigration law
enforcement assistance to officers nationwide. Resources will
be used to enhance detention and deportation activities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8598–0–1–751

11.1
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8598–0–1–751

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

350
–321

72.40

19 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
–35 ...................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................
19 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Total obligations ........................................................

42
13

1997 est.

60
11

1998 est.

78
19

55
71
97
18
25
33
11
15
21
1 ...................
3
1
6
8
1
2
7
127
224
389
32
12
17
74
174
157
1 ................... ...................
321

529

732

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8598–0–1–751

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1996 actual

1,050
90

1997 est.

1,347
118

1998 est.

2,141
118

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
IMMIGRATION SUPPORT
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–9921–0–2–751

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
259
351
169
Receipts:
02.02 Immigration enforcement ............................................... ...................
9
4
02.03 Immigration legalization ................................................
1 ................... ...................
02.04 Immigration user fee .....................................................
354
378
450
02.05 Immigration examinations fee .......................................
571
441
579
02.06 Land border inspection fee ............................................
1
12
12
02.07 Breached bond/Detention fund ......................................
11
86
112
01.99

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

938

926

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Immigration support ......................................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

1,197

1,277

1,326

–846
351

–1,108
169

–1,185
141

gration and Naturalization Service’s appropriation the
amount paid for certain expenses. These expenses include:
(a) providing immigration inspection and preinspection services for commercial aircraft and vessels, (b) providing overtime immigration inspection services for commercial aircraft
and vessels, (c) expanding and operating information systems
for non-immigrant control and debt collection, (d) detecting
fraudulent documents, and (e) providing detention and deportation services for excludable aliens arriving on commercial
aircraft or vessels.
WORKLOAD

1,157

04.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–9921–0–2–751

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.07

Obligations by program activity:
Immigration Examiniations Fee .....................................
522
Immigration User Fee ....................................................
320
Immigration Legalization ...............................................
2
Land Border Inspections Fee .........................................
1
Breached Bond/Detention Fund .....................................
9
Immigration Enforcement Fund ..................................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................

22.00
22.10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

625
377
2
11
81
12

647
419
1
9
105
4

854

1,108

1,185

846

1,108

1,185

8 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

853
–854

1,108
–1,108

1,185
–1,185

60.25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

846

1,108

1,185

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................

8 ................... ...................
854
1,108
1,185
–854
–1,108
–1,185
–8 ................... ...................

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

846
1,108
1,185
8 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

72.40

854

1,108

687

1996 actual

Total persons inspected (air and sea) .......................................
Inadmissable aliens intercepted (inspections) ...........................
Deportable aliens apprehended (investigations) ........................
Cases completed fraud (investigations) .....................................
Smuggling (investigations) .........................................................
Prosecution of smugglers (total) ................................................
Number of detention days ...........................................................
Aliens detained .......................................................................
Exclusions ...............................................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

75,119,236
174,264
1,607
314
68
39
312,861
5,028
1,549

80,414,000
186,465
1,600
314
68
39
310,000
16,145
1,484

86,000,000
199,000
1,600
314
68
39
310,000
16,847
1,484

Land Border Inspection Fee.—Established by Public Law
101–515. Authorizes the Attorney General to establish, by
regulation, a project under which a fee may be charged and
collected for inspection services at one or more land border
ports of entry. All deposits to the account are to be available
until expended for expenses incurred in providing inspection
services at land border ports of entry.
Breached Bond/Detention Fund.—Established by Public
Law 102–395. Provides for the depositing into a separate
U.S. Treasury account, all bonds forfeited by aliens in excess
of $8 million. All deposits to the account are to be available
until expended for the collection of breached bonds and detention and deportation activities of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Immigration Examinations Fee.—Established by Public Law
100–979. Provides for the depositing into a separate U.S.
Treasury account, all adjudications fees collected under the
regulations governing the Immigration and Naturalization
Service. All deposits to the account are to be available until
expended for the adjudication of applications and petitions
for benefits and for necessary support for the adjudications
and naturalization programs, for the International Affairs and
Outreach’s asylum program, and for Cuban and Haitian resettlement activities previously funded through the Community
Relations Service.

1,185

Immigration Examinations Fee Account Workload
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

846
854

1,108
1,108

1,185
1,185

Immigration Legalization.—The Immigration Reform and
Control Act of 1986, title II, section 201(a), amends section
245(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act by permitting
the Attorney General to provide for a schedule of fees to
be charged for filing legalization applications and further allows for the depositing of payments received in a separate
account with the amounts to be available without fiscal year
limitation to cover administrative and other expenses incurred
in connection with the review of legalization applications.
WORKLOAD
1996 actual

Appeals received .........................................................................
Appeals completed ......................................................................
Appeals pending ..........................................................................

2,000
2,000
4,000

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,000
500
3,000
2,500
2,000 ....................

Immigration User Fee.—Established by Public Laws 99–
500 and 99–591. Provides for the reimbursement to the Immi-

1996 actual

Remote Adjudications ..................................................................
Applications received ..................................................................
Applications completed ...............................................................
Alien files opened ........................................................................
Records verifications completed .................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

365,994
5,531,126
5,687,147
1,331,000
1,069,842

500,000
5,038,234
5,015,071
1,500,000
1,337,340

500,000
4,717,786
4,636,611
1,700,000
1,604,808

Immigration Detention Account.—Established by Public
Law 104–208. Provides for the detention of aliens under sections 236(c) and 241(a) of the Immigration and Nationality
Act (INA). Resources are derived from offsetting receipts collected under 245(i)(3)(B) of the INA, as amended. General
provisions language in the President’s 1998 budget would
merge this account with the ‘‘Breached Bond/Detention Fund’’.
Immigration Enforcement Account.—Established by Public
Law 104–208. May be used for: the indentification, investigation, apprehension, detention, and removal of criminal aliens;
the Law Enforcement Support Center; and the repair, maintenance, or construction in high-level illegal alien apprehension
areas along U.S. borders.

688

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM
Federal Funds

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
40.35
41.00

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For expenses necessary for the administration, operation, and
maintenance of Federal penal and correctional institutions, including
purchase (not to exceed ø836¿ 834, of which ø572¿ 599 are for replacement only) and hire of law enforcement and passenger motor
vehicles, and for the provision of technical assistance and advice
on corrections related issues to foreign governments; ø$2,768,316,000¿
$2,965,642,000: Provided, That the Attorney General may transfer
to the Health Resources and Services Administration such amounts
as may be necessary for direct expenditures by that Administration
for medical relief for inmates of Federal penal and correctional institutions: Provided further, That the Director of the Federal Prison
System (FPS), where necessary, may enter into contracts with a
fiscal agent/fiscal intermediary claims processor to determine the
amounts payable to persons who, on behalf of the FPS, furnish health
services to individuals committed to the custody of the FPS: Provided
further, That uniforms may be purchased without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the current fiscal year: Provided
further, That not to exceed $6,000 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That not to exceed $90,000,000 for the activation of new facilities shall remain
available until September 30, ø1998¿ 1999: Provided further, That
of the amounts provided for Contract Confinement, not to exceed
$20,000,000 shall remain available until expended to make payments
in advance for grants, contracts and reimbursable agreements, and
other expenses authorized by section 501(c) of the Refugee Education
Assistance Act of 1980, as amended, for the care and security in
the United States of Cuban and Haitian entrants: Provided further,
That notwithstanding section 4(d) of the Service Contract Act of 1965
(41 U.S.C. 353(d)), FPS may enter into contracts and other agreements with private entities for periods of not to exceed 3 years and
7 additional option years for the confinement of Federal prisonersø:
Provided further, That the National Institute of Corrections hereafter
shall be included in the FPS Salaries and Expenses budget, in the
Contract Confinement program and shall continue to perform its current functions under 18 U.S.C. 4351, et seq., with the exception
of its grant program and shall collect reimbursement for services
whenever possible: Provided further, That any unexpended balances
available to the ‘‘National Institute of Corrections’’ account shall be
credited to and merged with this appropriation, to remain available
until expended¿. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1060–0–1–753

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Inmate Care and Programs ..................................
00.02
Institution Security and Administration ...............
00.03
Contract confinement ...........................................
00.04
Program direction .................................................

897
1,169
190
115

1,042
1,330
234
129

1,129
1,442
253
132

00.91
01.01

Total operating expenses .................................
Capital investment: Institutional improvements ......

2,371
78

2,735
80

2,956
60

01.92
02.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

2,449
16

2,815
18

3,016
19

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2,465

2,833

3,035

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

58
97
50
2,549
2,786
2,985
–45 ................... ...................
2,561
–2,465
97

2,566

2,883
–2,833

3,035
–3,035

50 ...................

2,768

2,966

Appropriation rescinded ............................................
Transferred to other accounts ...................................

43.00

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
Advance appropriation (indefinite) ...........................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

2,533

16

18

19

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,549

2,786

2,985

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

329
2,465
–2,445

349
2,833
–2,750

432
3,035
–2,817

349

432

650

61.00
65.05
68.00
70.00

–3 ................... ...................
–30 ................... ...................
2,768

2,966

–10 ................... ...................
10 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

2,153
276
16

2,353
379
18

2,521
277
19

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,445

2,750

2,817

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–1
–15

–3
–15

–3
–16

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–16

–18

–19

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

2,533
2,429

2,768
2,732

2,966
2,798

This appropriation will provide for the custody and care
of an average of 101,610 offenders and for the maintenance
and operation of 99 penal institutions, 6 regional offices, 3
staff training centers, and a central office located in Washington, D.C.
The appropriation also finances the boarding of sentenced
Federal prisoners in State and local jails and therapeutic,
community residential and other facilities for short periods
of time. An average of 11,945 sentenced prisoners will be
in contract facilities in 1998.
The Bureau receives reimbursements for daily care and
maintenance of State and local offenders, for utilities used
by Federal Prison Industries, Inc., and for meals provided
to Bureau staff at institutions.
Inmate care and programs.—This activity covers the cost
of all food, medical supplies, clothing, welfare services, release
clothing, transportation, gratuities, staff salaries (including
salaries of Health Resources and Services Administration
commissioned officers), and operational costs of functions directly related to providing inmate care. This activity also finances the costs of academic, social and occupational education courses, religious programs, psychological services, and
other inmate programs.
Institution security and administration.—This activity covers all costs associated with the maintenance of facilities and
institution security. This activity finances institution maintenance, motor pool operations, powerhouse operations, institution security, and other administrative functions.
Contract confinement.—This activity provides for the confinement of sentenced Federal offenders in both Governmentowned, contractor-operated facilities and contract State and
local facilities, and for the care of Federal prisoners in contract community residential centers and assistance by the
National Institute of Corrections to State and local corrections.
Management and administration.—This activity covers all
costs associated with regional and central office executive direction and management support functions such as research

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

and evaluation, systems support, financial management,
human resources management, inmate systems management,
safety, and legal counsel.
In 1998, resources are requested to fund three Salaries
and Expenses program increases: (1) the intelligence gathering initiative to enhance intelligence on security threat groups
coming into BOP institutions; (2) activation of the medium
security facility at Beaumont, Texas, which adds 1,152 beds;
and (3) support to meet the Electronic Freedom of Information
Act requirement.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–1060–0–1–753

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8
11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
25.3
25.4
25.6
25.7
25.8
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0
42.0
99.0
99.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1,154
6
100
23

10.00

1,239
6
108
24

2,417
16

2,782
18

22
8
1
1

23
8
1
1

24
8
1
1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
14
23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

99.0

Subtotal, allocation account .................................

32

33

34

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2,465

2,833

3,035

33

26

8 ...................
25
26
33
–33

26
–26

8 ................... ...................

13

25

26

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
6
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–5
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1

1
33
–29

5
26
–25

5

6

21
8

22
3

72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
5
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

29

25

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

14
5

25
29

26
25

The Bureau of Prisons has a comprehensive drug abuse
treatment strategy consisting of four components: drug abuse
education, non-residential drug abuse counseling services, residential drug abuse program, and community-transitional
services programming. This program provides resources to
continue inmate participation in appropriate substance abuse
treatment programs.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

14
1
1

11.9
12.1
25.2
26.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
4
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
2
Other services ................................................................ ...................
Supplies and materials ................................................. ...................

16
16
5
5
6 ...................
6
5

Total obligations ........................................................

31,268
1,267

127

136

6

33

14
1
1

26

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8600–0–1–753

29,038
1,173

1998 est.

11.1
11.5
11.8

1998 est.

26,308
1,408

1997 est.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
4
Other personnel compensation .................................. ...................
Special personal services payments ......................... ...................

99.9

Personnel Summary
1997 est.

14
–6

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

Identification code 15–8600–0–1–753

1996 actual

6

1998 est.

21.90

2,982
19

11.1
12.1
22.0
25.2

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Allocation Account:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Other services ............................................................

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

Total personnel compensation .........................
1,137
1,283
1,377
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
411
489
538
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
28
40
40
Transportation of things ...........................................
8
11
11
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
11
14
14
Rental payments to others ........................................
2
2
2
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
109
137
150
Printing and reproduction .........................................
4
4
4
Other services ............................................................
131
140
150
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
12
14
14
Operation and maintenance of facilities .................. ...................
25
39
Medical care ..............................................................
53
56
62
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
9
9
10
Subsistence and support of persons ........................
164
180
193
Supplies and materials .............................................
251
289
309
Equipment .................................................................
77
80
60
Land and structures ..................................................
1 ................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
1
1
1
Insurance claims and indemnities ...........................
8
8
8

Identification code 15–1060–0–1–753

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8600–0–1–753

42.00
992
5
120
20

689

1997 est.

1998 est.

136

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
63
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours ...................

BUILDINGS
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, FPS
For substance abuse treatment in Federal prisons as authorized
by section 32001(e) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322), as amended, ø$25,224,000¿
$26,135,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. (Department
of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

AND

269
8

276
8

FACILITIES

For planning, acquisition of sites and construction of new facilities;
leasing the Oklahoma City Airport Trust Facility; purchase and acquisition of facilities and remodeling, and equipping of such facilities
for penal and correctional use, including all necessary expenses incident thereto, by contract or force account; and constructing, remodeling, and equipping necessary buildings and facilities at existing penal
and correctional institutions, including all necessary expenses incident thereto, by contract or force account; ø$395,700,000¿
$252,833,000, to remain available until expended, of which not to

690

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
BUILDINGS

AND

FACILITIES—Continued

exceed $14,074,000 shall be available to construct areas for inmate
work programs: Provided, That labor of United States prisoners may
be used for work performed under this appropriation: Provided further, That not to exceed 10 percent of the funds appropriated to
‘‘Buildings and Facilities’’ in this Act or any other Act may be transferred to ‘‘Salaries and Expenses’’, Federal Prison System, upon notification by the Attorney General to the Committees on Appropriations
of the House of Representatives and the Senate in compliance with
provisions set forth in section 605 of this Actø: Provided further,
That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $36,570,000
shall be available for the renovation and construction of United States
Marshals Service prisoner-holding facilities¿. (Department of Justice
Appropriations Act, 1997.)

12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
99.5

Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

4
7
7
1
1
1
9
10
10
5
5
6
324
336
340
22
23
23
4
4
4
17
17
17
1 ................... ...................
400

418

424

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–1003–0–1–753

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1996 actual

1997 est.

264
9

285
9

1998 est.

291
9

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1003–0–1–753

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Intragovernmental funds:

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
New construction ...........................................................
Modernization and repair of existing facilities .............

321
79

336
82

340
84

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

400

418

424

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

775
335

710
396

688
253

1,110
–400

1,106
–418

941
–424

710

688

517

335

396

253

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED
The Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, is hereby authorized
to make such expenditures, within the limits of funds and borrowing
authority available, and in accord with the law, and to make such
contracts and commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations
as provided by section 9104 of title 31, United States Code, as may
be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the budget
for the current fiscal year for such corporation, including purchase
of (not to exceed five for replacement only) and hire of passenger
motor vehicles. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–4500–0–4–753

72.40

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Production expenses ..................................................
00.02
Administrative expenses ............................................
00.03
Other expenses ..........................................................

407
2
37

427
4
39

448
4
41

00.91

446

470

493

11
3

9
20

12
21

614
400
–606

408
418
–386

440
424
–491

408

440

373

01.01
01.02

Total operating expenses ......................................
Captial investment:
Buildings and improvements ....................................
Machinery and equipment .........................................

01.91

Total capital investment .......................................

14

29

33

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

460

499

526

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

173
479

192
515

208
522

652
–460

707
–499

730
–526

192

208

204

540
–61

535
522
–20 ...................

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

34
572

40
346

25
466

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

606

386

491

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

21.90
335
606

396
386

253
491

New construction.—This activity represents costs associated
with the acquisition, construction, and leasing of facilities
in order to reduce overcrowding and provide a safe and humane environment for staff and inmates. In 1998, resources
are requested to construct high and minimum security facilities at Castle Air Force Base, California.
Modernization and repair of existing facilities.—This activity includes rehabilitation and renovation of buildings, necessary modifications to accommodate new correctional programs, rehabilitation or replacement of utilities systems, and
repair projects at existing facilities. In 1998, resources are
requested to convert dormitories to cells at two U.S. penitentiaries.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–1003–0–1–753

11.1
11.5
11.9

1996 actual

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
13
Other personnel compensation .................................. ...................
Total personnel compensation ..............................

14

1997 est.

1998 est.

14
1

15
1

15

16

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

479

515

522

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

479

515

522

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources .................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.95 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources .................................................

183
460
–519

124
499
–515

108
526
–522

124

108

112

72.95

86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

40 ................... ...................
479
515
522

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM—Continued
Trust Funds

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
88.95 Change in orders on hand from Federal sources .........

89.00
90.00

519

–540
61

515

522

–535
–522
20 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–19
–20 ...................

Federal Prison Industries, Inc., was created by Congress
in 1934 and is a wholly-owned Government corporation. Its
mission is to employ and train Federal inmates through a
diversified program providing products and services to other
Federal agencies. These operations are conducted in such a
manner as to offer a minimum of competition to private industry and labor. Employment provides inmates with work,
occupational knowledge and skills, plus money for personal
expenses and family assistance.
The Corporation has been expanding its operations to provide additional industrial employment opportunities at existing and planned institutions.
Budget program.—Federal Prison Industries, Inc., operations are entirely self-sustaining. No appropriations are required. The amounts used by the Corporation for administrative expenses are subject to a congressional limitation. Information regarding this limitation is provided separately following this account.
Financing program.—Revenues are derived entirely from
the sale of products and services to other Federal agencies.
Operating expenses are applied against these revenues, resulting in operating income or loss. Earnings surplus to the
needs of the manufacturing operations, capital improvements
and cash reserves are used to pay accident compensation.
Operating results.—To date, Federal Prison Industries, Inc.,
has returned to the Treasury a total of $82 million of retained
income excess to the Corporation’s needs. No contributions
from budget authority have been made to offset deficits for
non-revenue producing outlays since the inception of the fund.

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

ON

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON
INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED

Not to exceed ø$3,042,000¿ $3,930,000 of the funds of the corporation shall be available for its administrative expenses, and for services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109, to be computed on an accrual
basis to be determined in accordance with the corporation’s current
prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be exclusive
of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures which the said
accounting system requires to be capitalized or charged to cost of
commodities acquired or produced, including selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with acquisition, construction,
operation, maintenance, improvement, protection, or disposition of
facilities and other property belonging to the corporation or in which
it has an interest. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–4500–0–4–753

11.1
26.0
93.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Supplies and materials .................................................
Limitation on expenses ..................................................

1997 est.

1
1
–2

1
3
–4

1998 est.

1
3
–4

Personnel Summary
1996 actual

Identification code 15–4500–0–4–753

7001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

32

32

1998 est.

32

Trust Funds
COMMISSARY FUNDS, FEDERAL PRISONS
(TRUST REVOLVING FUND)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Sales program ...........................................................
136
00.02
Other .......................................................................... ...................

142
1

151
1

00.91
01.01

143
1

152
1

10.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–4500–0–4–753

LIMITATION

691

Total operating expenses ......................................
136
Capital investment: Improvements and equipment ...... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

136

144

153

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

32
138

34
167

57
180

170
–136

201
–144

237
–153

34

57

84

138

167

180

17
136
–132

21
144
–144

22
153
–153

21

22

22

21.90

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................
Special personal services payments .........................

64
1
3
34

85
1
4
35

91
2
4
36

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
93.0
99.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................
Limitation on expenses ..................................................
Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ...............................

102
25
3
10
7
4
1
14
285
3
4
2
460

125
33
4
11
4
8
2
14
265
20
9
4
499

133
35
4
14
2
10
3
15
273
12
21
4
526

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

460

499

526

23.90
23.95
24.90

68.00

Identification code 15–4500–0–4–753

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

Total compensable workyears:
2001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
2005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

87.00
1996 actual

1,535
61

1997 est.

1,928
65

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

72.90

86.97
86.98

Personnel Summary

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
132
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

121
153
23 ...................

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

132

144

153

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–138

–167

–180

1998 est.

1,814
65

692

FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS

COMMISSARY FUNDS, FEDERAL PRISONS—Continued
(TRUST REVOLVING FUND)—Continued

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

1997 est.

JUSTICE ASSISTANCE

1998 est.

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................
–7
–23
–27

Budget program.—The commissary fund consists of the operation of commissaries for the inmates as an earned privilege.
Financing.—Profits are derived from the sale of goods and
services to inmates. Sales for 1998 are estimated at $180
million. Adequate working capital is assured from retained
earnings.
Operating results.—Profits received are used for general
welfare and recreational items for all inmates.
Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 actual

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

128
–107

147
–136

167
–144

180
–153

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

21

11

23

27

Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 actual

49

56

54

80

..................
..................

..................
..................

24
1

24
1

12
15

11
15

11
15

12
16

76

82

105

133

3

6

6

6

9
..................

11
2

12
2

13
2

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

12

19

20

21

64

63

85

112

3999

Total net position ................................

64

63

85

112

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

76

82

105

133

Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1102
Treasury securities, par ..................
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Other Federal assets:
1802
Inventories and related properties .....
1803
Property, plant and equipment, net
1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2102 Federal liabilities: Interest payable ........
Non-Federal liabilities:
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

1997 est.

1998 est.

For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance
authorized by title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets
Act of 1968, as amended, and the Missing Children’s Assistance Act,
as amended, including salaries and expenses in connection therewith,
and with the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, as amended,
ø$101,429,000¿ $149,665,000, to remain available until expended, as
authorized by section 1001 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control
and Safe Streets Act, as amended by Public Law 102–534 (106 Stat.
3524; of which $25,000,000 is for the National Sexual Offender Registry).
For an additional amount, $17,000,000, to remain available until
expended; of which $5,000,000 shall be for Local Firefighter and
Emergency Services Training Grants as authorized by section 819
of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (‘‘the
Antiterrorism Act’’); of which $10,000,000 shall be for development
of counterterrorism technologies to help State and local law enforcement combat terrorism, as authorized by section 821 of the
Antiterrorism Act; and of which $2,000,000 shall be for specialized
multi-agency response trainingø: Provided, That the entire amount
is designated by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant
to section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended: Provided further, That the entire
amount not previously designated by the President as an emergency
requirement shall be available only to the extent an official budget
request, for a specific dollar amount that includes designation of
the entire amount of the request as an emergency requirement, as
defined in the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act
of 1985, as amended, is transmitted to Congress¿. (Department of
Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0401–0–1–754

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Research, evaluation, and demonstration programs
00.02
Criminal justice statistical programs .......................
00.03
National sexual offender registry ..............................
00.04
Emergency assistance ...............................................
00.05
Missing children ........................................................
00.06
Regional information sharing system .......................
00.07
White collar crime information center ......................
00.08
Local firefighter and emergency services training
00.09
Terrorism training ......................................................
00.10
Development of counterterrorism technologies .........
00.12
Management and administration ..............................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

22
42
49
21
22
21
................... ...................
25
...................
1 ...................
4
8
6
15
15
15
4
4
4
...................
5
5
...................
2
2
...................
10
10
30
31
36

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

96
54

140
60

173
70

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

150

200

243

8
159

18 ...................
183
243

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

1997 est.

1998 est.

11.1
11.8

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Special personal services payments .........................

15
1

16
1

17
1

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
16
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
6
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
Other services ................................................................
3
Supplies and materials .................................................
106
Equipment ......................................................................
4

17
6
1
1
3
112
4

18
6
1
1
4
119
4

144

153

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

136

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8408–0–8–753

2001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 actual

365

1997 est.

541

1998 est.

557

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

6 ................... ...................
–10
–1 ...................
5 ................... ...................
168
–150

200
–200

243
–243

18 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

100
5

118
5

167
6

43.00

105

123

173

54

60

70

68.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

159

183

243

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
543
282
158
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
150
200
243
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–405
–146
–264
73.31 Obligated balance transferred to other accounts ......... ...................
–178 ...................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
–6 ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
282
158
137
72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

21
330
54

27
59
60

38
156
70

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

405

146

264

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

693

Terrorism training.—Funds are used to train State and
local law enforcement agencies to prevent terrorist acts and
to effectively manage multi-agency responses to terrorist acts.
Development of domestic counterterrorism technologies.—
Funds are used to develop and identify anti-terrorism technologies that can be used by State and local law enforcement
agencies to respond to terrorist acts.
Management and administration.—Funds provide executive
direction and control, program operation, and administrative
support of the above activities including the Weed and Seed
Program, formerly administered independently by the Deputy
Attorney General.
The planned distribution of budget authority by fiscal year
is as follows (in millions of dollars):
JUSTICE ASSISTANCE

–54

105
351

–60

123
86

[Dollars in millions]

–70

173
194

The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) carries out policy
coordination and general management responsibilities for the
Bureau of Justice Assistance, Bureau of Justice Statistics,
National Institute of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and
four (4) program offices. The following OJP programs are
funded through the Justice Assistance account.
Research, evaluation, and demonstration programs.—Funds
provide for and encourage the development of basic and applied research for the improvement of Federal, State, and
local criminal, civil, and juvenile justice systems; new methods for the prevention and reduction of crime and the detection, apprehension, and rehabilitation of criminals; and the
dissemination of the results of such research efforts.
Criminal justice statistical programs.—Funds provide for
the collection and analysis of statistical information concerning crime, victims, offenders, criminal justice processes, juvenile delinquency, and civil disputes in support of public and
private policy and decisionmaking about society’s response
to crime; planning, coordination, implementation and provision of technical assistance to States to initiate innovative
applications of communications and information systems technology for State and local criminal justice systems; and assurance of conformance with privacy and security regulations.
National Sexual Offender Registry.—These funds will be
granted to States to establish and upgrade sex offender registries and to create a capability to interface with other law
enforcement systems.
Emergency assistance.—Funds are used to provide emergency assistance to a State or locality after the Attorney
General has determined that a law enforcement emergency
exists. A law enforcement emergency is a situation wherein
the capacity of local resources has been exceeded. No funds
are requested in 1998.
Missing children.—Funds are used to reduce the incidence
of crimes against children, particularly kidnaping and sexual
exploitation, by assisting families, citizen groups, law enforcement agencies and government institutions in a national effort to insure the safety and protection of children.
Regional information sharing system.—Funds aid State and
local law enforcement agencies in the exchange of intelligence
information.
National White Collar Crime Center.—Funds provide assistance to State and local law enforcement and regulatory agencies in addressing multi-jurisdictional white collar crimes.
Local firefighter and emergency services training.—Funds
are used to train and equip metropolitan fire and emergency
service departments to respond to terrorist acts.

1996 actual

Research, evaluation, and demonstration programs ..................
Criminal justice statistical programs .........................................
Emergency assistance .................................................................
National Sexual Offender Registry ..............................................
Missing children ..........................................................................
Regional information sharing system .........................................
White collar information center ..................................................
Local firefighter and emergency services training .....................
Terrorism training ........................................................................
Development of counter-terrorism technologies .........................
Management and administration ................................................
Total ...............................................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

22
42
49
21
22
21
....................
1 ....................
.................... ....................
25
4
8
6
15
15
15
4
4
4
....................
5
5
....................
2
2
....................
10
10
30
31
36
96

140

173

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0401–0–1–754

11.1
11.3
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3
26.0
31.0
41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1997 est.

15
2

20
1

1998 est.

22
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
17
21
23
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
3
4
5
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
2
1
1
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
3
3
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges ................................................................. ................... ...................
1
Printing and reproduction .........................................
1
1
1
Advisory and assistance services .............................
5
4
3
Other services ............................................................
16
23
24
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
15
17
24
Supplies and materials .............................................
1 ................... ...................
Equipment ................................................................. ................... ...................
1
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
33
66
86

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

96
54

140
60

173
70

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

150

200

243

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–0401–0–1–754

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

331

385

411

116

309

369

COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES
(VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS)

For activities authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law
Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103–322 (‘‘the 1994 Act’’) (including administrative costs), ø$1,400,000,000¿ $1,545,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Vio-

694

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued
COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES—Continued
(VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS)—Continued

lent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, for Public Safety and Community
Policing Grants pursuant to title I of the 1994 Act: Provided, That
not to exceed ø186¿ 329 permanent positions and ø174¿ 286 fulltime equivalent workyears and ø$19,800,000¿ $33,135,000 shall be
expended for program management and administration.
In addition, for øprograms of Police Corps education, training and
service as set forth in sections 200101–200113 of the Violent Crime
Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–322),
$20,000,000,¿ activities authorized by the 1994 Act, $20,000,000 for
the Police Corps program, $20,000,000 for the Law Enforcement Scholarship program, $5,000,000 for the Police Recruitment Grants program, and $95,000,000 for the Prosecutorial Initiatives Targeting
Gang Crime and Violent Juveniles program, all to remain available
until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8594–0–1–754

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Public Safety and Community Policing Grants .........
00.02
Police Corps Grants ...................................................
00.03
Law Enforcement Scholarship Program ....................
00.04
Police Recruitment Grants ........................................
00.05
Management and Administration ..............................
00.06
Prosecutorial Initiatives Targeting Gang Crime and
Violent Juveniles ...................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1,291
1,575
...................
30
................... ...................
................... ...................
14
23

1,372
20
20
5
33

................... ...................

95

00.91

Total direct program .............................................

1,305

1,628

Total obligations ........................................................

1,305

1,628

1,545

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

42.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts VCRTF .......................

113
1,400
1,513
–1,305

1997 est.

1998 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.2
31.0
41.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
5
7
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1
2
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
1
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
2
2
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ................... ...................
Printing and reproduction .............................................. ...................
1
Other services ................................................................
35
37
Equipment ......................................................................
1
1
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
1,260
1,576

12
3
2
2
1
1
38
2
1,483

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

1,304
1

1,627
1

1,544
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1,305

1,628

1,545

Personnel Summary
Identification code 15–8594–0–1–754

1001

21.40

1996 actual

Identification code 15–8594–0–1–754

1,545

10.00

grant, and may not exceed 75 percent of the total project
cost, unless a waiver is granted for severe fiscal distress.
The funds requested will also provide resources for: the Police
Recruitment Program, to recruit and retain applicants to police departments; the Police Corps Program, to increase the
number of police with advanced education and training; the
Law Enforcement Scholarship Program, to provide scholarship
grants to in-service law enforcement personnel and employment to students interested in undertaking a career in law
enforcement; and the Prosecutorial Initiatives Targeting Gang
Crime and Violent Juveniles program, to provide grants to
prosecutorial offices for at least 1,000 new initiatives, including hiring new gang prosecutors, to target gangs, gang violence, and other violent juvenile crime.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 actual

1997 est.

113

1998 est.

174

286

208 ...................
1,420
1,545
1,628
–1,628

1,545
–1,545

208 ................... ...................

1,400

1,420

1,545

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

942
1,305
–313

1,934
1,628
–784

2,778
1,545
–1,693

1,934

2,778

2,630

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

52
261

312
472

340
1,353

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

313

784

1,693

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,400
313

1,420
784

1,545
1,693

72.40

This program provides grants to States, units of local government, Indian tribal governments, and other public and
private entities to increase police presence, to expand cooperation between law enforcement agencies and members of the
community, and to enhance public safety. The grants may
be used for hiring new officers, rehiring officers laid off as
a result of State and local budget cuts, procuring equipment
and technology, and funding additional grant projects. Funding also supports training and technical assistance, evaluation
and other studies in furtherance of these projects. The maximum Federal share per officer is $75,000 for a three-year

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, STATE
ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

AND

LOCAL LAW

For assistance (including amounts for administrative costs for management and administration, which amounts shall be transferred to
and merged with the ‘‘Justice Assistance’’ account) authorized by
the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public
Law 103–322), as amended (‘‘the 1994 Act’’); the Omnibus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (‘‘the 1968 Act’’);
and the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, as amended (‘‘the 1990
Act’’); ø$2,036,150,000¿ $2,152,855,000, to remain available until expended, which shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction
Trust Fund; øof which $523,000,000 shall be for Local Law Enforcement Block Grants, pursuant to H.R. 728 as passed by the House
of Representatives on February 14, 1995, except that for purposes
of this Act, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be considered
a ‘‘unit of local government’’ as well as a ‘‘State’’, for the purposes
set forth in paragraphs (A), (B), (D), (F), and (I) of section 101(a)(2)
of H.R. 728 and for establishing crime prevention programs involving
cooperation between community residents and law enforcement personnel in order to control, detect, or investigate crime or the prosecution of criminals: Provided, That no funds provided under this heading may be used as matching funds for any other Federal grant
program: Provided further, That $20,000,000 of this amount shall
be for Boys and Girls Clubs in public housing facilities and other
areas in cooperation with State and local law enforcement: Provided
further, That funds may also be used to defray the costs of indemnification insurance for law enforcement officers;¿ of which
ø$50,000,000¿ $45,000,000 shall be for grants to upgrade criminal
records, as authorized by section 106(b) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993, as amended, and section 4(b) of the
National Child Protection Act of 1993; of which ø$199,000,000¿
$580,000,000 shall be available as authorized by section 1001 of title
I of the 1968 Act, for the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local
Law Enforcement Assistance programs, including $75,000,000 to carry
out Chapter A of subpart 2 of part E of title I of the said Act for
discretionary grants under such programs; and $505,000,000 shall

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
be to carry out the provisions of subpart 1, part E of title I of
the 1968 Act notwithstanding section 511 of said Act, øfor the Edward
Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs¿ of which, $30,000,000 is available to states exclusively for
drug testing; of which ø$330,000,000¿ $350,000,000 shall be for the
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program, as authorized by section
242(j) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended; of which
ø$670,000,000¿ $710,500,000 shall be for Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants pursuant to subtitle
A of title II of the 1994 Act, of which ø$170,000,000¿ $150,000,000
shall be available for payments to States for incarceration of criminal
aliens, and of which ø$12,500,000¿ $35,000,000 shall be available
for the Cooperative Agreement Programø: Provided further, That
funds made available for Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth
in Sentencing Incentive Grants to the State of California may, at
the discretion of the recipient, be used for payments for the incarceration of criminal aliens: Provided further, That beginning in fiscal
year 1999, and thereafter, no funds shall be available to make grants
to a State pursuant to section 20103 or section 20104 of the Violent
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 unless no later
than September 1, 1998, such State has implemented a program
of controlled substance testing and intervention for appropriate categories of convicted offenders during periods of incarceration and
criminal justice supervision, with sanctions including denial or revocation of release for positive controlled substance tests, consistent
with guidelines issued by the Attorney General¿; of which
ø$6,000,000¿ $7,000,000 shall be for the Court Appointed Special
Advocate Program, as authorized by section 218 of the 1990 Act;
of which ø$1,000,000¿ $2,000,000 shall be for Child Abuse Training
Programs for Judicial Personnel and Practitioners, as authorized by
section 224 of the 1990 Act; of which ø$145,000,000¿ $160,000,000
shall be for Grants to Combat Violence Against Women, to States,
units of local government, and Indian tribal governments, as authorized by section 1001(a)(18) of the 1968 Act; of which ø$33,000,000¿
$59,000,000 shall be for Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies to
States, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments,
as authorized by section 1001(a)(19) of the 1968 Act; of which
ø$8,000,000¿ $15,000,000 shall be for Rural Domestic Violence and
Child Abuse Enforcement Assistance Grants, as authorized by section
40295 of the 1994 Act; of which ø$1,000,000¿ $2,000,000 shall be
for training programs to assist probation and parole officers who
work with released sex offenders, as authorized by section 40152(c)
of the 1994 Act; of which ø$550,000¿ $1,000,000 shall be for grants
for televised testimony, as authorized by section 1001(a)(7) of the
1968 Act; of which ø$1,750,000¿ $2,750,000 shall be for national
stalker and domestic violence reduction, as authorized by section
40603 of the 1994 Act; of which ø$30,000,000¿ $63,000,000 shall
be for grants for residential substance abuse treatment for State
prisoners as authorized by section 1001(a)(17) of the 1968 Act; of
which ø$3,000,000¿ $15,000,000 shall be for grants to States and
units of local government for projects to improve DNA analysis, as
authorized by section 1001(a)(22) of the 1968 Act; of which $900,000
shall be for the Missing Alzheimer’s Disease Patient Alert Program,
as authorized by section 240001(c) of the 1994 Act; of which
ø$750,000¿ $1,000,000 shall be for Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention
Programs, as authorized by section 220002(h) of the 1994 Act; øof
which $200,000 shall be for a National Baseline Study on Campus
Sexual Assault, as authorized by section 40506(e) of the 1994 Act;¿
of which ø$30,000,000¿ $75,000,000 shall be for Drug Courts, as
authorized by title V of the 1994 Act; of which ø$1,000,000¿
$2,205,000 shall be for Law Enforcement Family Support Programs,
as authorized by section 1001(a)(21) of the 1968 Act; of which
$50,000,000 shall be for the Violent Youth Court Program as authorized by section 210602 of the 1994 Act; of which $8,000,000 shall
be for Assistance for Delinquent and At-Risk Youth, as authorized
by section 30702 of the 1994 Act; of which $1,000,000 shall be for
grants for treatment of tuberculosis among inmates of correctional
institutions, as authorized by section 32201(c)(3) of the 1994 Act; of
which $500,000 shall be for the Presidential Summit on Crime and
Violence and the National Commission on Crime Prevention, as authorized by section 270009 of the 1994 Act; and of which $2,000,000
shall be for public awareness programs addressing marketing scams
aimed at senior citizens, as authorized by section 250005(3) of the
1994 Act: Provided further, That funds made available in fiscal year
ø1997¿ 1998 under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the øOmnibus
Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended,¿ 1968
Act may be obligated for programs to assist States in the litigation
processing of death penalty Federal habeas corpus petitions øand

695

for drug testing initiatives: Provided further, That any 1996 balances
for these programs shall be transferred to and merged with this
appropriation: Provided further, That if a unit of local government
uses any of the funds made available under this title to increase
the number of law enforcement officers, the unit of local government
will achieve a net gain in the number of law enforcement officers
who perform nonadministrative public safety service¿. (Department
of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8586–0–1–754

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Byrne Law Enforcement Assistance: Formula ...............
153
199
505
Byrne Law Enforcement Assistance: Discretionary ........ ................... ...................
75
Criminal Records Upgrade .............................................
49
51
45
Correctional Facilities ....................................................
88
1,002
711
Drug Courts ....................................................................
9
38
75
Violence Against Women Act: STOP Grants ...................
128
147
160
Violence Against Women: Encouraging Arrest Policies
1
60
59
Violence Against Women: Rural Domestic Violence and
Child Abuse Enforcement ..........................................
6
9
15
00.09 State Criminal Alien Assistance ....................................
89
825
350
00.10 State Prison Drug Treatment .........................................
25
32
63
00.11 Youth At Risk ................................................................. ................... ...................
8
00.12 Other Crime Control Programs ......................................
22
21
37
00.13 Local Law Enforcement Block Grant .............................
444
567 ...................
00.14 Violent Youth Court Program ......................................... ................... ...................
50

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06
00.07
00.08

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1,014

2,951

2,153

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

121
1,808

915 ...................
2,036
2,153

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

42.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

1,929
–1,014

2,951
–2,951

2,153
–2,153

915 ................... ...................

1,808

2,036

2,153

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

549
1,014
–391

1,170
2,951
–852

3,269
2,153
–1,715

1,170

3,269

3,707

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

86
305

448
404

474
1,241

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

391

852

1,715

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,808
391

2,036
852

2,153
1,715

72.40

Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund (VCRTF) resources
support a wide range of programs to assist State and local
governments with crime and drug control efforts. Funding
is provided for prevention, law enforcement, and corrections
assistance and support the following programs and activities.
Criminal records upgrade program.—Expands the program
established in 1995 under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act and the National Child Protection Act of 1993.
The program provides financial and technical assistance to
all States to improve their ability to identify criminal histories
of felons and other persons ineligible to purchase firearms
or hold positions involving children, the elderly, or the disabled.
Incarceration of undocumented aliens program.—Funds provide for a program to reimburse States and political subdivisions of states for a portion of the costs incurred for the
imprisonment of criminal aliens.

696

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
00.91
01.01

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS, STATE AND LOCAL LAW
ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE—Continued

Correctional facilities grants.—Funds provide assistance to
States to provide adequate space to incarcerate violent offenders and to implement truth-in-sentencing by ensuring that
convicted violent offenders serve a specific percentage of their
sentences behind bars.
State prison drug treatment.—Funds provide assistance to
States to establish residential substance abuse treatment programs in State prisons and local correctional and detention
facilities, aimed at reducing recidivism by ensuring that offenders are held accountable for their actions by addressing
the myriad problems associated with the lifestyle of drug
use and addiction.
Byrne formula grants.—Funds provide assistance to States
to develop programs to fight drugs, violence, and gangs in
a coordinated manner throughout a State.
Drug courts.—Funds provide assistance to States and local
units of government to develop and implement programs for
non-violent offenders with substance abuse problems. These
programs use the power of the courts and continuing supervision to coerce abstinence through graduated sanctions and
the integrated administration of other services such as drug
testing and drug treatment.
Violence against women.—Funds provide assistance to
States, local units of government and to other public or private entities to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violence against
women, to implement proarrest programs, to establish and
expand cooperative efforts to address domestic violence and
child abuse in rural areas, and to provide victim services.
Among new programs requested in 1998 are the Assistance
for Delinquent and At-Risk Youth program, and the Violent
Youth Court program, which provides assistance to courts,
prosecutors, public defenders, probation and parole agencies
and others to expedite the handling of matters involving violent youth.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–8586–0–1–754

25.2
25.3

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

6

8

10

41.0

Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

34
974

39
2,904

40
2,103

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1,014

2,951

2,153

øSTATE

AND

LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE¿

øFor grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance authorized by part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control
and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, for State and Local Narcotics Control and Justice Assistance Improvements, notwithstanding
the provisions of section 511 of said Act, $361,000,000, to remain
available until expended, as authorized by section 1001 of title I
of said Act, as amended by Public Law 102–534 (106 Stat. 3524),
of which $60,000,000 shall be available to carry out the provisions
of chapter A of subpart 2 of part E of title I of said Act, for discretionary grants under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local
Law Enforcement Assistance Programs.¿ (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Edward byrne formula grants ...................................
00.02
Edward byrne discretionary grants ...........................

1996 actual

411
–5

362 ...................
10 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

406

372 ...................

10
390

1 ...................
371 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

407
–406

373 ...................
–372 ...................

1 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

388
361 ...................
7 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

395
–5

10 ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

390

371 ...................

68.00
70.00

361 ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
258
519
772
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
406
372 ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–142
–260
–431
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from other accounts ...................
141 ...................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
–3 ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
519
772
341
72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
32
Outlays from current balances ......................................
110
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

79 ...................
171
431
10 ...................

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

142

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

5

–10 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

395
147

361 ...................
250
431

89.00
90.00

260

431

The Byrne Discretionary and Formula Grant Programs provide funds to States and units of local government to develop
programs to fight drugs, violence, and gangs, with special
emphasis on nationwide and multi-level drug control strategies. Funding for this program is requested in ‘‘Violent Crime
Reduction Programs, State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance’’ in 1998.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0404–0–1–754

1997 est.

1998 est.

1997 est.

5

6 ...................

41.0

Direct obligations:
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

31
375

27 ...................
329 ...................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

411
–5

362 ...................
10 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

406

372 ...................

25.2
25.3

1998 est.

WEED
326
85

3 ................... ...................
4
1 ...................

99.9

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0404–0–1–754

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

10.00

General and special funds—Continued

302 ...................
60 ...................

AND

SEED PROGRAM FUND

For necessary expenses, including salaries and related expenses
of the Executive Office for Weed and Seed, to implement ‘‘Weed

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
and Seed’’ program activities, $28,500,000, which shall be derived
from discretionary grants provided under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs, to remain available until expended for intergovernmental agreements, including grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts, with State
and local law enforcement agencies engaged in the investigation and
prosecution of violent crimes and drug offenses in ‘‘Weed and Seed’’
designated communities, and for either reimbursements or transfers
to appropriation accounts of the Department of Justice and other
Federal agencies which shall be specified by the Attorney General
to execute the ‘‘Weed and Seed’’ program strategy: Provided, That
funds designated by Congress through language for other Department
of Justice appropriation accounts for ‘‘Weed and Seed’’ program activities shall be managed and executed by the Attorney General through
the Executive Office for Weed and Seed: Provided further, That the
Attorney General may direct the use of other Department of Justice
funds and personnel in support of ‘‘Weed and Seed’’ program activities
only after the Attorney General notifies the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate in accordance with section 605 of this Act. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

Identification code 15–0334–0–1–751

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

18

38

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
28

10 ...................
28
28

10.00

28

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

68.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

29
–18

38
–38

28
–28

10 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

28

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
18
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
18

28

28

72.40

86.98

18
46
38
28
–10 ...................
46

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

74

697

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0334–0–1–751

99.0
99.9

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations .......................................................................

18

38

28

Total obligations ........................................................

18

38

28

JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other assistance
authorized by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
of 1974, as amended, including salaries and expenses in connection
therewith to be transferred to and merged with the appropriations
for Justice Assistance, ø$170,000,000¿ $225,922,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 299 of part I of title
II øand section 506 of title V¿ of the Act, as amended by Public
Law 102–586, of which (1) notwithstanding any other provision of
law, ø$5,000,000¿ $5,922,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part A of title II of the Act, $86,500,000 shall be available
for expenses authorized by part B of title II of the Act, and
$29,500,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by part C
of title II of the Actø: Provided, That $16,500,000 of the amounts
provided for part B of title II of the Act, as amended, is for the
purpose of providing additional formula grants under part B, for
innovative local law enforcement and community policing programs,
to States that provide assurances to the Administrator that the State
has in effect (or will have in effect no later than 1 year after date
of application) policies and programs, that ensure that juveniles are
subject to accountability-based sanctions for every act for which they
are adjudicated delinquent¿; (2) $12,000,000 shall be available for
expenses authorized by sections 281 and 282 of part D of title II
of the Act for prevention and treatment programs relating to juvenile
gangs; (3) $10,000,000 shall be available for expenses authorized by
section 285 of part E of title II of the Act; (4) $7,000,000 shall
be available for expenses authorized by part G of title II of the
Act for juvenile mentoring programs; and (5) ø$20,000,000 shall be
available for expenses authorized by title V of the Act for incentive
grants for local delinquency prevention programs: Provided, That
upon the enactment of reauthorization legislation for Juvenile Justice
Programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Act of 1974, as amended, funding provided in this Act shall from
that date be subject to the provisions of that legislation and any
provisions in this Act that are inconsistent with that legislation shall
no longer have effect¿ $75,000,000 for the Local Youth Crime Intervention Program.
In addition, for grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other
assistance authorized by the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990,
as amended, $4,500,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized by sections 214B of the Act. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

10 ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00
90.00

Identification code 15–0405–0–1–754

–28

–28

–28

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–28
–18
–28

Weed and Seed provides training and technical assistance
to designated neighborhoods and communities to develop and
coordinate crime and drug prevention and enforcement programs. The 1998 total program level supporting Weed and
Seed is equivalent to the 1997 level.

1997 est.

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Title II—Juvenile justice and delinquency prevention ........................................................................
90
134
116
00.02
Part D—Gang-free schools and communities .........
9
15
12
00.03
Part E—State challenge activities ...........................
9
11
10
00.04
Part G—Mentoring .................................................... ...................
11
7
00.05
Title V—Incentive grants for local delinquency prevention ..................................................................
20
20 ...................
00.06
Local youth crime intervention program ................... ................... ...................
75
00.07
Victims of child abuse ..............................................
5
5
5

Sources of Funding (in millions of dollars)

1996

1997

1998

Appropriated ................................................................................ .................... .................... ....................
Byrne Grant (Discretionary) .........................................................
28.5
28.5
28.5
28.5

28.5

28.5

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

133
5

196
10

225
10

10.00

WEED AND SEED

Total Weed and Seed .....................................................

1996 actual

Total obligations ........................................................

138

206

235

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts
21.40

14
26 ...................
149
180
235
–5 ................... ...................
6 ................... ...................

698

OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998

General and special funds—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS—Continued

Identification code 15–0405–0–1–754

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 actual

164
–138

1997 est.

206
–206

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 42.0) ............................

23

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

10
31
–2

10.00

1998 est.

235
–235

26 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................

149
–5

175
–5

231
–6

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

144

170

5

10

10

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

149

180

235

70.00

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
138
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
138
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–65
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from other accounts ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
211
72.40

211
341
206
235
–113
–238
37 ...................

1997 est.

37

1998 est.

35

21.40

225

68.00

1996 actual

Identification code 15–0403–0–1–754

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

39
–23

16 ...................
32
35
–11 ...................
37
–37

35
–35

16 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

31

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

32

35

72.40

1
23
–24

1 ...................
37
35
–38
–35

1 ................... ...................

338

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

29
31
5

37
66
10

50
178
10

87.00

65

113

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

23
1

32
35
6 ...................

87.00

341

86.90
86.93

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

24

38

35

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

31
24

32
38

35
35

238

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–5

–10

–10

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

144
60

170
103

225
228

89.00
90.00

Local youth crime intervention program.—Funds will be
used to support local juvenile crime intervention programs
such as anti-truancy, school violence and curfew initiatives.

This program provides payment of death benefits to eligible
survivors of public safety officers who die in the line of duty,
disability payments to public safety officers who are permanently disabled as a result of injury incurred in the line
of duty, and educational assistance to children or spouses
of officers who are killed or permanently disabled in the line
of duty. Legislation provides for an annual cost of living escalator tied to the Consumer Price Index (CPI). On October
1 of every year, this escalator will increase the benefit by
the percentage of increase to the CPI.
CRIME VICTIMS FUND

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–0405–0–1–754

1996 actual

1997 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

1998 est.

Identification code 15–5041–0–2–754

5
2

5
2

5
2

41.0

Direct obligations:
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

2
124

2
187

3
215

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

133
5

196
10

225
10

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

138

206

235

25.1
25.2
25.3

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Fines, penalties, and forefeitures ..................................

234

531

179

529

177

177

04.00

763

708

356

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Crime victims fund ........................................................
05.04 National Fine Center ......................................................

–228
–529
–177
–6 ................... ...................

05.99
07.99

–234
531

PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS BENEFITS
øFor¿ To remain available until expended, for payments authorized
by part L of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets
Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796), as amended, such sums as are necessary, øto remain available until expended,¿ as authorized by section
6093 of Public Law 100–690 (102 Stat. 4339-4340)ø, and, in addition,
$2,200,000, to remain available until expended,¿; $2,264,000 for payments as authorized by section 1201(b) of said Act; and $2,000,000
for the Federal Law Enforcement Education Assistance Program, as
authorized by section 1212 of said Act. (Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1997.)

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

–529
179

–177
179

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 15–5041–0–2–754

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1996 actual

227

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
26
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
228
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts ...................

1997 est.

551

1998 est.

199

21.40

25
22
529
177
19 ...................

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
22.30

Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

60.25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

–2 ................... ...................
252
–227
25

573
–551

199
–199

22 ...................

699

For 1998 a total of $5.5 billion is proposed to be transferred
to specific Crime Control Program accounts in departmental
budgets for programs authorized by Public Law 103–322. The
following table indicates amounts appropriated for 1996 and
1997 and requested for 1998:
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund (VCRTF)

228
228

529
529

177
177

[In millions of dollars]
1996 actual

72.40

147
227
–149

225
551
–355

421
199
–284

225

421

336

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................

114
35

256
99

89
195

87.00

149

355

Prevention:
Violence Against Women .........................................................
Drug Courts .............................................................................
Prison Drug Treatment ............................................................
Other Prevention Programs .....................................................

1997 est.

1998 est.

228
18
27
4

259
30
30
34

381
75
63
57

277

353

576

1,400
618
300
690

1,420
670
330
790

1,545
710
350
707

Subtotal, State and Local Assistance ...........................
Federal Law Enforcement Assistance:
Department of Justice .............................................................
Department of Treasury ..........................................................
Judiciary ..................................................................................

3,008

3,210

3,312

702
69
30

1,002
89
30

1,444
118
50

Subtotal, Federal Law Enforcement Assistance ............

801

1,121

1,612

Total, Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund .................................

4,085

4,683

5,500

284

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

228
149

529
355

177
284

The Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (Public Law 98–473),
as amended, established a special fund in the Treasury entitled ‘‘The Crime Victims Fund.’’ This fund is credited with
criminal fines that are collected from persons convicted of
offenses against the United States. Annual grants are made
to eligible crime victims compensation and assistance programs.
Amounts collected in the previous year are available for
obligation in the subsequent year, subject to the limitations
included in authorizing language.

Subtotal, Prevention .......................................................
State and Local Assistance:
Community Policing ................................................................
Incarceration of Violent Offenders ..........................................
Incarceration of Undocumented Criminal Aliens ....................
Other State and Local Assistance ..........................................

GENERAL FUND RECEIPT ACCOUNTS
(in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

Governmental receipts:
15–083400 Breached bond penalties .................................
15–085400 Registration fees, DEA .....................................

Identification code 15–5041–0–2–754

25.2
25.3

1996 actual

1997 est.

1

41.0

1
225

1 ...................
549
198

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

227

551

1

199

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND (VCRTF)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Transferred to other accounts, EOIR VCRP ...................

4,086
–4,086

8
15

23

23

23

1

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND

1996 actual

8
15

1998 est.

Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

Identification code 15–8585–0–1–754

8
15

General Fund Governmental receipts ..........................................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

4,683
–4,683

1998 est.

5,500
–5,500

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ................... ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund was established
by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of
1994, Public Law 103–322. The VCRTF is supported by savings realized from the implementation of section 5 of the
Federal Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994, Public Law
103–226. By law, VCRTF monies may be used only for activities authorized by the Violent Crime Control Act of 1994
and shall be expended in amounts for both budget authority
and outlays specified for each fiscal year 1995 through 2000.

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE
SEC. 101. In addition to amounts otherwise made available in this
title for official reception and representation expenses, a total of
not to exceed $45,000 from funds appropriated to the Department
of Justice in this title shall be available to the Attorney General
for official reception and representation expenses in accordance with
distributions, procedures, and regulations established by the Attorney
General.
SEC. 102. Authorities contained in the Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1980 (Public Law. 96–
132, 93 Stat. 1040 (1979)), as amended, shall remain in effect until
the termination date of this Act or until the effective date of a
Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, whichever
is earlier.
øSEC. 103. None of the funds appropriated by this title shall be
available to pay for an abortion, except where the life of the mother
would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term, or in the
case of rape: Provided, That should this prohibition be declared unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, this section shall
be null and void.¿ 1
SEC. ø104¿ 103. None of the funds appropriated under this title
shall be used to require any person to perform, or facilitate in any
way the performance of, any abortion.
SEC. ø105¿ 104. Nothing in the preceding section shall remove
the obligation of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to provide
escort services necessary for a female inmate to receive such service
outside the Federal facility: Provided, That nothing in this section
in any way diminishes the effect of section ø104¿ 103 intended to
address the philosophical beliefs of individual employees of the Bureau of Prisons.

700

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

SEC. ø106¿ 105. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not
to exceed $10,000,000 of the funds made available in this Act may
be used to establish and publicize a program under which publiclyadvertised, extraordinary rewards may be paid, which shall not be
subject to spending limitations contained in sections 3059 and 3072
of title 18, United States Code: Provided, That any reward of
$100,000 or more, up to a maximum of $2,000,000, may not be made
without the personal approval of the President or the Attorney General and such approval may not be delegated.
SEC. ø107¿ 106. Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made
available for the current fiscal year for the Department of Justice
in this Act, including those derived from the Violent Crime Reduction
Trust Fund, may be transferred between such appropriations, but
no such appropriation, except as otherwise specifically provided, shall
be increased by more than 10 percent by any such transfers: Provided, That any transfer pursuant to this section shall be treated
as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of this Act and
shall not be available for obligation except in compliance with the
procedures set forth in that section.
øSEC. 108. Section 524(c)(8)(E) of title 28, United States Code,
is amended by striking the year in the date therein contained and
replacing the same with ‘‘1996’’.¿
øSEC. 109. (a) Section 1930(a) of title 28, United States Code,
is amended in paragraph (3), by inserting ‘‘$’’ before ‘‘800’’, and in
paragraph (6), by striking everything after ‘‘total less than $15,000;’’
and inserting in lieu thereof: ‘‘$500 for each quarter in which disbursements total $15,000 or more but less than $75,000; $750 for
each quarter in which disbursements total $75,000 or more but less
than $150,000; $1,250 for each quarter in which disbursements total
$150,000 or more but less than $225,000; $1,500 for each quarter
in which disbursements total $225,000 or more but less than
$300,000; $3,750 for each quarter in which disbursements total
$300,000 or more but less than $1,000,000; $5,000 for each quarter
in which disbursements total $1,000,000 or more but less than
$2,000,000; $7,500 for each quarter in which disbursements total
$2,000,000 or more but less than $3,000,000; $8,000 for each quarter
in which disbursements total $3,000,000 or more but less than
$5,000,000; $10,000 for each quarter in which disbursements total
$5,000,000 or more. The fee shall be payable on the last day of
the calendar month following the calendar quarter for which the
fee is owed.’’
(b) Section 589a of title 28, United States Code, is amended to
read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 589a. UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND
‘‘(a) There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United
States a special fund to be known as the ‘United States Trustee
System Fund’ (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Fund’).
Monies in the Fund shall be available to the Attorney General
without fiscal year limitation in such amounts as may be specified
in appropriations Acts for the following purposes in connection with
the operations of United States trustees— ‘‘(1) salaries and related
employee benefits;
‘‘(2) travel and transportation;
‘‘(3) rental of space;
‘‘(4) communication, utilities, and miscellaneous computer
charges;
‘‘(5) security investigations and audits;
‘‘(6) supplies, books, and other materials for legal research;
‘‘(7) furniture and equipment;
‘‘(8) miscellaneous services, including those obtained by contract;
and
‘‘(9) printing.
‘‘(b) For the purpose of recovering the cost of services of the United
States Trustee System, there shall be deposited as offsetting collections to the appropriation ‘United States Trustee System Fund’, to
remain available until expended, the following—
‘‘(1) 23.08 percent of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(1)
of this title;
‘‘(2) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(3) of this
title;
‘‘(3) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(4) of this
title;
‘‘(4) one-half of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(5) of this
title;
‘‘(5) 100 percent of the fees collected under section 1930(a)(6)
of this title;
‘‘(6) three-fourths of the fees collected under the last sentence
of section 1930(a) of this title;

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‘‘(7) the compensation of trustees received under section 330(d)
of title 11 by the clerks of the bankruptcy courts; and ‘‘(8) excess
fees collected under section 586(e)(2) of this title.
‘‘(c) Amounts in the Fund which are not currently needed for the
purposes specified in subsection (a) shall be kept on deposit or invested in obligations of, or guaranteed by, the United States.
‘‘(d) The Attorney General shall transmit to the Congress, not later
than 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, a detailed report
on the amounts deposited in the Fund and a description of expenditures made under this section.
‘‘(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund for any
fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to supplement amounts
deposited under subsection (b) for the purposes specified in subsection
(a).’’
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Act, the
amendments to 28 U.S.C. 589a made by subsection (b) of this section
shall take effect upon enactment of this Act.
(d) Section 101(a) of Public Law 104–91, as amended by section
211 of Public Law 104–99, is further amended by inserting ‘‘: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
fees under 28 U.S.C. 1930(a)(6) shall accrue and be payable from
and after January 27, 1996, in all cases (including, without limitation,
any cases pending as of that date), regardless of confirmation status
of their plans’’ after ‘‘enacted into law’’.¿
øSEC. 110. Public Law 103–414 (108 Stat. 4279) is amended by
inserting at its conclusion a new title IV, as follows:

‘‘TITLE IV—TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER
COMPLIANCE PAYMENTS
‘‘SEC. 401. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER
COMPLIANCE FUND.
‘‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF FUND.—There is hereby established in
the United States Treasury a fund to be known as the Department
of Justice Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund (hereafter
referred to as ‘the Fund’), which shall be available without fiscal
year limitation to the Attorney General for making payments to
telecommunications carriers, equipment manufacturers, and providers of telecommunications support services pursuant to section 109
of this Act.
‘‘(b) DEPOSITS TO THE FUND.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any agency of the United States with law enforcement
or intelligence responsibilities may deposit as offsetting collections
to the Fund any unobligated balances that are available until expended, upon compliance with any Congressional notification requirements for reprogramming of funds applicable to the appropriation from which the deposit is to be made.
‘‘(c) TERMINATION.—
‘‘(1) The Attorney General may terminate the Fund at such
time as the Attorney General determines that the Fund is no
longer necessary.
‘‘(2) Any balance in the Fund at the time of its termination
shall be deposited in the General Fund of the Treasury.
‘‘(3) A decision of the Attorney General to terminate the Fund
shall not be subject to judicial review.
‘‘(d) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EXPENDITURE.—Funds shall not
be available for obligation unless an implementation plan as set
forth in subsection (e) is submitted to each member of the Committees on the Judiciary and Appropriations of both the House of
Representatives and the Senate and the Congress does not by law
block or prevent the obligation of such funds. Such funds shall
be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of the
Department of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997, and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the
procedures set forth in that section and this section.
‘‘(e) IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.—The implementation plan shall include:
‘‘(1) the law enforcement assistance capability requirements
and an explanation of law enforcement’s recommended interface;
‘‘(2) the proposed actual and maximum capacity requirements
for the number of simultaneous law enforcement communications
intercepts, pen registers, and trap and trace devices that authorized law enforcement agencies may seek to conduct, set forth
on a county-by-county basis for wireline services and on a market
service area basis for wireless services, and the historical baseline
of electronic surveillance activity upon which such capacity requirements are based;

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
‘‘(3) a prioritized list of carrier equipment, facilities, and services deployed on or before January 1, 1995, to be modified by
carriers at the request of law enforcement based on its investigative needs;
‘‘(4) a projected reimbursement plan that estimates the cost
for the coming fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter,
based on the prioritization of law enforcement needs as outlined
in (3), of modification by carriers of equipment, facilities and
services, installed on or before January 1, 1995.
‘‘(f) ANNUAL REPORT TO THE CONGRESS.—The Attorney General
shall submit to the Congress each year a report specifically detailing all deposits and expenditures made pursuant to this Act in
each fiscal year. This report shall be submitted to each member
of the Committees on the Judiciary and Appropriations of both
the House of Representatives and the Senate, and to the Speaker
and minority leader of the House of Representatives and to the
majority and minority leaders of the Senate, no later than 60 days
after the end of each fiscal year.’’¿
øSEC. 111. It is the sense of the Congress that the Drug Enforcement Administration, together with other appropriate Federal agencies, should take such actions as may be necessary to end the illegal
importation into the United States of Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam), a
drug frequently distributed with the intent to facilitate sexual assault
and rape.¿
øSEC. 112. Section 1402 of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, as
amended (42 U.S.C. 10601), is amended at subsection (e) by deleting
‘‘2’’ and inserting ‘‘3’’, and at subsection (d) by adding a new paragraph (5) as follows:
‘‘(5) The Director may set aside up to $500,000 of the reserve
fund described in paragraph (4) to make supplemental grants to
United States Attorneys Offices to provide necessary assistance
to victims of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building
in Oklahoma City, to facilitate observation of and/or participation
by such victims in trial proceedings arising therefrom, including,
without limitation, provision of lodging and travel assistance, and
to pay such other, related expenses determined to be necessary
by the Director.’’¿
øSEC. 113. Section 732 of Public Law 104–132 (110 Stat. 1303;
18 U.S.C. 841 note) is amended— (1) in subsection (a), by adding
at the end the following new paragraph:
‘‘(3) NEW PREVENTION TECHNOLOGIES.—In addition to the study
of taggants as provided herein, the Secretary, in consultation with
the Attorney General, shall concurrently report to the Congress
on the possible use, and exploitation of technologies such as vapor
detection devices, computed tomography, nuclear quadropole resonance, thermal neutron analysis, pulsed fast-neutron analysis, and
other technologies upon which recommendations to the Congress
may be made for further study, funding, and use of the same
in preventing and solving acts of terrorism involving explosive devices.’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
‘‘(f) SPECIAL STUDY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of Sciences (referred to in this section as the
‘Academy’) to conduct a study of the tagging of smokeless and
black powder by any viable technology for purposes of detection
and identification. The study shall be conducted by an independent panel of 5 experts appointed by the Academy.
‘‘(2) STUDY ELEMENTS.—The study conducted under this subsection shall—
‘‘(A) indicate whether the tracer elements, when added to
smokeless and black powder—
‘‘(i) will pose a risk to human life or safety;
‘‘(ii) will substantially assist law enforcement officers in
their investigative efforts;
‘‘(iii) will impair the quality and performance of the powders (which shall include a broad and comprehensive sampling of all available powders) for their intended lawful use,
including, but not limited to the sporting, defense, and
handloading uses of the powders, as well as their use in
display and lawful consumer pyrotechnics;
‘‘(iv) will have a substantially adverse effect on the environment;
‘‘(v) will incur costs which outweigh the benefits of their
inclusion, including an evaluation of the probable production
and regulatory cost of compliance to the industry, and the

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

701

costs and effects on consumers, including the effect on the
demand for ammunition; and
‘‘(vi) can be evaded, and with what degree of difficulty,
by terrorists or terrorist organizations, including evading
tracer elements by the use of precursor chemicals to make
black or other powders; and
‘‘(B) provide for consultation on the study with Federal,
State, and local officials, non- governmental organizations, including all national police organizations, national sporting organizations, and national industry associations with expertise
in this area and such other individuals as shall be deemed
necessary.
‘‘(3) REPORT AND COSTS.—The study conducted under this subsection shall be presented to Congress 12 months after the enactment of this subsection and be made available to the public,
including any data tapes or data used to form such recommendations. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as
may be necessary to carry out the study.’’¿
øSEC. 114. (a) Section 524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code,
is amended in the first sentence following the second subparagraph
(I) by deleting ‘‘(C),’’. (b) Section 524 (c)(8)(A) is amended by deleting
‘‘(C),’’.¿
øSEC. 115. Effective with the enactment of this Act and in any
fiscal year hereafter, under policies established by the Attorney General, the Department of Justice may reimburse employees who are
paid by an appropriation account within the Department of Justice
and are traveling on behalf of the United States in temporary duty
status to investigate, prosecute, or litigate (including the provision
of support therefor) a criminal or civil matter, or for other similar
special circumstances, for Federal, State, and local taxes heretofore
and hereafter resulting from any reimbursement of travel expenses
from an appropriation account within the Department of Justice:
Provided, That such reimbursement may include an amount equal
to all income taxes for which the employee would be liable due to
such reimbursement.¿
øSEC. 116. Section 524 of title 28, United States Code, is amended
by adding a new subsection (d) as follows:
‘‘(d)(1) The Attorney General may accept, hold, administer, and
use gifts, devises, and bequests of any property for the purpose
of aiding or facilitating the work of the Department of Justice.
‘‘(2) Gifts, devises, and bequests of money, the proceeds of sale
or liquidation of any other property accepted hereunder, and any
income accruing from any property accepted hereunder—
‘‘(A) shall be deposited in the Treasury in a separate fund
and held in trust by the Secretary of the Treasury for the benefit
of the Department of Justice; and
‘‘(B) are hereby appropriated, without fiscal year limitation,
and shall be disbursed on order of the Attorney General.
‘‘(3) Upon request of the Attorney General, the Secretary of the
Treasury may invest and reinvest the fund described herein in
public debt securities with maturities suitable for the needs of
the fund and bearing interest at rates determined by the Secretary
of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United
States or comparable maturities.
‘‘(4) Evidences of any intangible personal property (other than
money) accepted hereunder shall be deposited with the Secretary
of the Treasury, who may hold or liquidate them, except that they
shall be liquidated upon the request of the Attorney General.
‘‘(5) For purposes of federal income, estate, and gift taxes, property accepted hereunder shall be considered a gift, devise, or bequest to, or for the use of, the United States.’’¿
øSEC. 117. Section 524(c)(9), of title 28, United States Code, is
amended to read as follows:
‘‘(9)(A) Following the completion of procedures for the forfeiture
of property pursuant to any law enforced or administered by the
Department, the Attorney General is authorized, in her discretion,
to warrant clear title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee
of such property.
‘‘(B) For fiscal year 1997, the Attorney General is authorized
to transfer, under such terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall specify, real or personal property of limited or marginal
value, to a State or local government agency, or its designated
contractor or transferee, for use to support drug abuse treatment,
drug and crime prevention and education, housing, job skills, and
other community-based public health and safety programs. Such
transfer shall not create or confer any private right of action in
any person against the United States.’’¿

702

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

øSEC. 118. Section 594(b)(3)(A) of title 28 United States Code, is
amended in the second sentence by—
(a) striking ‘‘by 6 months’’ and inserting ‘‘for successive 6-month
periods’’; and
(b) striking the phrase ‘‘employee assigned duties under subsection (l)(1)(A)(iii) certifies’’ and inserting ‘‘independent counsel
and the division of the court certify’’; and
(c) striking ‘‘such employee’’ and inserting ‘‘the independent counsel’’ and ‘‘the division of the court’’.¿
øSEC. 119. This section may be cited as the ‘‘Age Discrimination
in Employment Amendments of 1996’’.
SUBSECTION 1. AGE DISCRIMINATION AMENDMENT
(a) REPEAL OF REPEALER.—Section 3(b) of the Age Discrimination
in Employment Amendments of 1986 (29 U.S.C. 623 note) is repealed.
(b) EXEMPTION.—Section 4(j) of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C. 623(j)), as in effect immediately
before December 31, 1993—
(1) is reenacted as such section; and
(2) as so reenacted, is amended in paragraph (1) by striking
‘‘and the individual has attained the age’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘1983, and’’ and inserting the following: ‘‘, the employer
has complied with section 3(d)(2) of the Age Discrimination in
Employment Amendments of 1996 if the individual was discharged after the date described in such section, and the individual has attained—
‘‘(A) the age of hiring or retirement, respectively, in effect
under applicable State or local law on March 3, 1983; or
‘‘(B)(i) if the individual was not hired, the age of hiring
in effect on the date of such failure or refusal to hire under
applicable State or local law enacted after the date of enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments
of 1996; or
‘‘(ii) if applicable State or local law was enacted after the
date of enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment
Amendments of 1996 and the individual was discharged, the
higher of—
‘‘(I) the age of retirement in effect on the date of such
discharge under such law; and
‘‘(II) age 55; and’’.
(c) CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in the repeal, reenactment, and
amendment made by subsections (a) and (b) shall be construed
to make lawful the failure or refusal to hire, or the discharge
of, an individual pursuant to a law that—
(1) was enacted after March 3, 1983 and before the date of
enactment of the Age Discrimination in Employment Amendments of 1996; and
(2) lowered the age of hiring or retirement, respectively, for
firefighters or law enforcement officers that was in effect under
applicable State or local law on March 3, 1983.
SUBSECTION 2. STUDY AND GUIDELINES FOR PERFORMANCE TESTS
(a) STUDY.—Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting
through the Director of the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Secretary’’),
shall conduct, directly or by contract, a study, and shall submit
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report based on the
results of the study that shall include—
(1) a list and description of all tests available for the assessment of abilities important for the completion of public safety
tasks performed by law enforcement officers and firefighters.
(2) a list of the public safety tasks for which adequate tests
described in paragraph (1) do not exist;
(3) a description of the technical characteristics that the tests
shall meet to be in compliance with applicable Federal civil rights
law and policies;
(4) a description of the alternative methods that are available
for determining minimally acceptable performance standards on
the tests;
(5) a description of the administrative standards that should
be met in the administration, scoring, and score interpretation
of the tests; and (6) an examination of the extent to which the
tests are cost-effective, are safe, and comply with the Federal
civil rights law and policies.
(b) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT; OPPORTUNITY FOR PUBLIC COMMENT.—
(1) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall, during the conduct
of the study required by subsection (a), consult with—

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
(A) the Deputy Administrator of the United States Fire Administration:
(B) the Director of the Federal Emergency Management
Agency;
(C) organizations that represent law enforcement officers,
firefighters, and employers of the officers and firefighters; and
(D) organizations that represent older individuals.
(2) PUBLIC COMMENT.—Prior to issuing the advisory guidelines
required in subsection (c), the Secretary shall provide an opportunity for public comment on the proposal advisory guidelines.
(c) ADVISORY GUIDELINES.—Not later than 4 years after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and issue,
based on the results of the study required by subsection (a), advisory guidelines for the administration and use of physical and
mental fitness tests to measure the ability and competency of law
enforcement officers and firefighters to perform the requirements
of the jobs of the officers and firefighters.
(d) JOB PERFORMANCE TESTS.—
(1) IDENTIFICATION OF TESTS.—After issuance of the advisory
guidelines described in subsection (c), the Secretary shall issue
regulations identifying valid, nondiscriminatory job performance
tests that shall be used by employers seeking the exemption
described in section 4(j) of the Age Discrimination in Employment
Act of 1967 with respect to firefighters or law enforcement officers who have attained an age of retirement described in such
section 4(j).
(2) USE OF TESTS.—Effective on the date of issuance of the
regulations described in paragraph (1), any employer seeking
such exemption with respect to a firefighter or law enforcement
officer who has attained such age shall provide to each firefighter
or law enforcement officer who has attained such age an annual
opportunity to demonstrate physical and mental fitness by passing a test described in paragraph (1), in order to continue employment.
(e) DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR WELLNESS PROGRAMS.—
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act,
the Secretary shall propose advisory standards for wellness programs for law enforcement officers and firefighters.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized to
be appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out this section.
SUBSECTION 3. EFFECTIVE DATES
(a) General Effective Date.—Except as provided in subsection
(b), this title and the amendments made by this title shall take
effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
(b) SPECIAL EFFECTIVE DATE.—The repeal made by section 2(a)
and the reenactment made by section 2(b)(1) shall take effect on
December 31, 1993.¿
øSEC. 120. Section 320935(e) of the Violent Crime Control and
Law Enforcement Act of 1994 is amended by inserting ’’, including
all trials commenced on or after the effective date of such amendments’’ after ‘‘such amendments’’.¿
øSEC. 121. This section may be cited as the ‘‘Child Pornography
Prevention Act of 1996’’.
SUBSECTION 1. FINDINGS.
Congress finds that—
(1) the use of children in the production of sexually explicit
material, including photographs, films, videos, computer images,
and other visual depictions, is a form of sexual abuse which
can result in physical or psychological harm, or both, to the
children involved;
(2) where children are used in its production, child pornography
permanently records the victim’s abuse, and its continued existence causes the child victims of sexual abuse continuing harm
by haunting those children in future years;
(3) child pornography is often used as part of a method of
seducing other children into sexual activity; a child who is reluctant to engage in sexual activity with an adult, or to pose for
sexually explicit photographs, can sometimes be convinced by
viewing depictions of other children ‘‘having fun’’ participating
in such activity;
(4) child pornography is often used by pedophiles and child
sexual abusers to stimulate and whet their own sexual appetites,
and as a model for sexual acting out with children; such use
of child pornography can desensitize the viewer to the pathology
of sexual abuse or exploitation of children, so that it can become
acceptable to and even preferred by the viewer;
(5) new photographic and computer imagining technologies
make it possible to produce by electronic, mechanical, or other

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
means, visual depictions of what appear to be children engaging
in sexually explicit conduct that are virtually indistinguishable
to the unsuspecting viewer from unretouched photographic images of actual children engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
(6) computers and computer imaging technology can be used
to—
(A) alter sexually explicit photographs, films, and videos in
such a way as to make it virtually impossible for unsuspecting
viewers to identify individuals, or to determine if the offending
material was produced using children;
(B) produce visual depictions of child sexual activity designed
to satisfy the preferences of individual child molesters,
pedophiles, and pornography collectors; and
(C) alter innocent pictures of children to create visual depictions of those children engaging in sexual conduct;
(7) the creation or distribution of child pornography which includes an image of a recognizable minor invades the child’s privacy and reputational interests, since images that are created
showing a child’s face or other identifiable feature on a body
engaging in sexually explicit conduct can haunt the minor for
years to come;
(8) the effect of visual depictions of child sexual activity on
a child molester or pedophile using that material to stimulate
or whet his own sexual appetites, or on a child where the material is being used as a means of seducing or breaking down
the child’s inhibitions to sexual abuse or exploitation, is the same
whether the child pornography consists of photographic depictions of actual children or visual depictions produced wholly or
in part by electronic, mechanical, or other means, including by
computer, which are virtually indistinguishable to the
unsuspecting viewer from photographic images of actual children;
(9) the danger to children who are seduced and molested with
the aid of child sex pictures is just as great when the child
pornographer or child molester uses visual depictions of child
sexual activity produced wholly or in part by electronic, mechanical, or other means, including by computer, as when the material
consists of unretouched photographic images of actual children
engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
(10)(A) the existence of and traffic in child pornographic images
creates the potential for many types of harm in the community
and presents a clear and present danger to all children; and
(B) it inflames the desires of child molesters, pedophiles, and
child pornographers who prey on children, thereby increasing
the creation and distribution of child pornography and the sexual
abuse and exploitation of actual children who are victimized as
a result of the existence and use of these materials;
(11)(A) the sexualization and eroticization of minors through
any form of child pornographic images has a deleterious effect
on all children by encouraging a societal perception of children
as sexual objects and leading to further sexual abuse and exploitation of them; and
(B) this sexualization of minors creates an unwholesome environment which affects the psychological, mental and emotional
development of children and undermines the efforts of parents
and families to encourage the sound mental, moral and emotional
development of children;
(12) prohibiting the possession and viewing of child pornography will encourage the possessors of such material to rid themselves of or destroy the material, thereby helping to protect the
victims of child pornography and to eliminate the market for
the sexual exploitative use of children; and
(13) the elimination of child pornography and the protection
of children from sexual exploitation provide a compelling governmental interest for prohibiting the production, distribution, possession, sale, or viewing of visual depictions of children engaging
in sexually explicit conduct, including both photographic images
of actual children engaging in such conduct and depictions produced by computer or other means which are virtually indistinguishable to the unsuspecting viewer from photographic images
of actual children engaging in such conduct.
SUBSECTION 2. DEFINITIONS.
Section 2256 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—
(1) in paragraph (5), by inserting before the semicolon the
following: ‘‘, and data stored on computer disk or by electronic
means which is capable of conversion into a visual image’’;
(2) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘and’’;
(3) in paragraph (7), by striking the period and inserting a
semicolon; and

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

703

(4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
‘‘(8) ‘child pornography’ means any visual depiction, including
any photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or computergenerated image or picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or other means, of sexually explicit conduct,
where—
‘‘(A) the production of such visual depiction involves the
use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
‘‘(B) such visual depiction is, or appears to be, of a minor
engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
‘‘(C) such visual depiction has been created, adapted, or
modified to appear that an identifiable minor is engaging
in sexually explicit conduct; or
‘‘(D) such visual depiction is advertised, promoted, presented, described, or distributed in such a manner that conveys the impression that the material is or contains a visual
depiction of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
and
‘‘(9) ‘identifiable minor’—
‘‘(A) means a person—
‘‘(i)(I) who was a minor at the time the visual depiction
was created, adapted, or modified; or
‘‘(II) whose image as a minor was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the visual depiction; and
‘‘(ii) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person’s
face, likeness, or other distinguishing characteristic, such as
a unique birthmark or other recognizable feature; and
‘‘(B) shall not be construed to require proof of the actual
identity of the identifiable minor.’’
SUBSECTION 3. PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES RELATING TO MATERIAL CONSTITUTING OR CONTAINING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY
(a) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code,
is amended by adding after section 2252 the following: ‘‘
SEC. 2252A. Certain activities relating to material constituting or
containing child pornography
‘‘(a) Any person who— ‘‘(1) knowingly mails, or transports or
ships in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including
by computer, any child pornography;
‘‘(2) knowingly receives or distributes—
‘‘(A) any child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped
or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means,
including by computer; or
‘‘(B) any material that contains child pornography that has
been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign
commerce by any means, including by computer;
‘‘(3) knowingly reproduces any child pornography for distribution through the mails, or in interstate or foreign commerce by
any means, including by computer;
‘‘(4) either—
‘‘(A) in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of
the United States, or on any land or building owned by, leased
to, or otherwise used by or under the control of the United
States Government, or in the Indian country (as defined in
section 1151), knowingly sells or possesses with the intent to
sell any child pornography; or
‘‘(B) knowingly sells or possesses with the intent to sell any
child pornography that has been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer, or that was produced using materials that
have been mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or
foreign commerce by any means, including by computer; or
‘‘(5) either—
‘‘(A) in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of
the United States, or on any land or building owned by, leased
to, or otherwise used by or under the control of the United
States Government, or in the Indian country (as defined in
section 1151), knowingly possesses any book, magazine, periodical, film, videotape, computer disk, or any other material that
contains 3 or more images of child pornography; or
‘‘(B) knowingly possesses any book, magazine, periodical,
film, videotape, computer disk, or any other material that contains 3 or more images of child pornography that has been
mailed, or shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means, including by computer, or that was produced using materials that have been mailed, or shipped or
transported in interstate or foreign commerce by any means,
including by computer, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

704

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

‘‘(b)(1) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate,
paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) shall be fined
under this title or imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both,
but, if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter
or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to
aggravated sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or abusive sexual conduct
involving a minor or ward, or the production, possession, receipt,
mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child
pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and
imprisoned for not less than 5 years nor more than 30 years.
‘‘(2) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, subsection (a)(5) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not
more than 5 years, or both, but, if such person has a prior
conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws
of any State relating to the possession of child pornography,
such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for
not less than 2 years nor more than 10 years.
‘‘(c) It shall be an affirmative defense to a charge of violating
paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) that—
‘‘(1) the alleged child pornography was produced using an
actual person or persons engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
‘‘(2) each such person was an adult at the time the material
was produced; and
‘‘(3) the defendant did not advertise, promote, present, describe, or distribute the material in such a manner as to convey
the impression that it is or contains a visual depiction of a
minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct.’’
(b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for chapter
110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after
the item relating to section 2252 the following:
‘‘2252A. Certain activities relating to material constituting or containing child pornography.’’
SUBSECTION 4. PENALTIES FOR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN.
Section 2251(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to
read as follows:
‘‘(d) Any individual who violates, or attempts or conspires to
violate, this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned
not less than 10 years nor more than 20 years, or both, but if
such person has one prior conviction under this chapter or chapter
109A, or under the laws of any State relating to the sexual exploitation of children, such person shall be fined under this title and
imprisoned for not less than 15 years nor more than 30 years,
but if such person has 2 or more prior convictions under this
chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating
to the sexual exploitation of children, such person shall be fined
under this title and imprisoned not less than 30 years nor more
than life. Any organization that violates, or attempts or conspires
to violate, this section shall be fined under this title. Whoever,
in the course of an offense under this section, engages in conduct
that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death
or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.’’
SUBSECTION 5. MATERIAL INVOLVING SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MINORS

Section 2252 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b)(1) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate,
paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) shall be fined under
this title or imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both, but
if such person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or under the laws of any State relating to aggravated
sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or abusive sexual conduct involving
a minor or ward, or the production, possession, receipt, mailing,
sale, distribution, shipment, or transportation of child pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and imprisoned
for not less than 5 years nor more than 30 years.
‘‘(2) Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, paragraph (4) of subsection (a) shall be fined under this title or
imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, but if such person
has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, or
under the laws of any State relating to the possession of child
pornography, such person shall be fined under this title and
imprisoned for not less than 2 years nor more than 10 years.’’
SUBSECTION 6. PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT AMENDMENTS
Section 101 of the Privacy Protection Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C.
2000aa) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting before the parenthesis
at the end the following: ‘‘, or if the offense involves the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
transportation of child pornography, the sexual exploitation of
children, or the sale or purchase of children under section 2251,
2251A, 2252, or 2252A of title 18, United States Code’’; and
(2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting before the parenthesis
at the end the following: ‘‘, or if the offense involves the production, possession, receipt, mailing, sale, distribution, shipment, or
transportation of child pornography, the sexual exploitation of
children, or the sale or purchase of children under section 2251,
2251A, 2252, or 2252A of title 18, United States Code’’.
SUBSECTION 7. AMBER HAGERMAN CHILD PROTECTION ACT OF 1996
(a) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the ‘‘Amber
Hagerman Child Protection Act of 1996’’.
(b) AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR.—Section 2241(c)
of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(c) WITH CHILDREN.—Whoever crosses a State line with intent
to engage in a sexual act with a person who has not attained
the age of 12 years, or in the special maritime and territorial
jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison, knowingly
engages in a sexual act with another person who has not attained
the age of 12 years, or knowingly engages in a sexual act under
the circumstances described in subsections (a) and (b) with another
person who has attained the age of 12 years but has not attained
the age of 16 years (and is at least 4 years younger than that
person), or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for any term of years or life, or both. If the defendant has
previously been convicted of another Federal offense under this
subsection, or of a State offense that would have been an offense
under either such provision had the offense occurred in a Federal
prison, unless the death penalty is imposed, the defendant shall
be sentenced to life in prison.’’
(c) SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR.—Section 2243(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting ‘‘crosses a State line with
intent to engage in a sexual act with a person who has not attained
the age of 12 years, or’’ after ‘‘Whoever’’.
SUBSECTION 8. SEVERABILITY
If any provision of this Act, including any provision or section
of the definition of the term child pornography, an amendment
made by this Act, or the application of such provision or amendment to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional,
the remainder of this Act, including any other provision or section
of the definition of the term child pornography, the amendments
made by this Act, and the application of such to any other person
or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.¿
SEC. 107. Section 151 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,
fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (5 U.S.C. 5928 note), is amended by
inserting ‘‘or Federal Bureau of Investigation’’ after ‘‘Drug Enforcement
Administration’’.
SEC. 108. Section 110 of the Communications Assistance for Law
Enforcement Act (47 U.S.C. 1009) is amended by striking ‘‘and’’ after
‘‘1997,’’ and inserting’’, 1999, and 2000’’ after ‘‘1998’’.
SEC. 109. (a) Section 1402 of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984,
(42 U.S.C. 10601), is amended in subsection (d) by—
(1) replacing ‘‘judicial branch administrative costs; grant program percentages’’ in the heading with ‘‘ grant programs’’;
(2) striking paragraph (1);
(3) replacing ‘‘next’’ in paragraph (2) with ‘‘first’’; and
(4) redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs (1)
through (3), respectively.
(b) Any unobligated sums hitherto available to the judicial branch
pursuant to the paragraph repealed by section (a) shall be deemed
to be deposits into the Crime Victims Fund as of the effective date
hereof.
SEC. 110. Section 131(c) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and
Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Pub. Law 104–208, Div. C),
is amended by striking ‘‘$25,000’’ and inserting ‘‘$30,000’’.
SEC. 111. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended, is further amended—
(a) in section 286(e) by adding ‘‘or cruise ship’’ after ‘‘aircraft’’;
(b) by striking entirely section 286(s);
(c) in section 286(r) by—
(1) adding ‘‘, and amount described in section 245(i)(3)(b)’’ after
‘‘recovered by the Department of Justice’’ in subsection (2);
(2) replacing ‘‘Immigration and Naturalization Service’’ with
‘‘Attorney General’’ in subsection (3); and
(3) striking subsection (4), and replacing it with, ‘‘The amounts
required to be refunded from the Fund for fiscal year 1998 and
thereafter shall be refunded in accordance with estimates made
in the budget request of the President for those fiscal years. Any

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
proposed changes in the amounts designated in such budget requests shall only be made after Congressional reprogramming
notification in accordance with the reprogramming guidelines for
the applicable fiscal year.’’
(d) in section 245(i)(3)(B), by replacing ‘‘Immigration Detention
Account established under section 286(s)’’ with ‘‘Breached Bond/
Detention Fund established under section 286(r)’’.
SEC. 112. Section 506(c) of the Departments of Commerce, Justice,
and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,

GENERAL PROVISIONS—DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE—Continued

705

1995 (8 U.S.C. 1182 note, 1255 note) is amended by deleting everything after ‘‘1994’’.
SEC. 113. Section 404(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act,
as amended (8 U.S.C. 1101 note), is further amended by striking
‘‘President’’ and inserting ‘‘Attorney General’’. (Department of Justice
Appropriations Act, 1997.)
1 The Administration proposes to delete this provision and will work with the Congress
to address the issue of abortion funding.


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