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THE BUDGET
OF THE

UNITED STA TES G O V ER N M EN T
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING JUNE 30
1 95 7

U IT D S A E
N E TTS
G V R M N P IN IN O F E
O E N E T R T G F IC
W S IN T N : 1 5
AH GO
96

F r S le b th S pr te dn o Dc mn , U S Gv r mn Pin g O e Ws in to 2 , D C
o a y e u e in n e t f o u e ts . . o e n e t r tin ffic , a h g n 5 . .




Pic $ .5 (Pp r C v r
r e 6 0 a e o e)

IN T R O D U C T IO N

Pursuant to the provisions of 31 U. S. C. 11 and other
applicable laws, the budget for the fiscal year 1957 con­
tains the President’s recommendations for the work pro­
gram and financial program of the Government for the
12 months beginning July 1, 1956, and ending June 30,
1957. It also presents comparable information for the
fiscal years 1955 (actual) and 1956 (partly actual and
partly estimated).
The material in the budget covers both groups of funds
administered by agencies of the Government—Federal
funds (owned by the Government), and trust and deposit
funds (held in trust or in suspense by the Government),
although only the Federal funds are included in the
computation of the budget surplus or deficit.
ARNE ETO TEBDE
R A GMN F H UGT
The budget document consists of the President’s
budget message and four parts which contain summary
tables, detailed data, and special analyses.
In the budget message (pp. m4 through m79), appear
the general statement of the President’s financial program
and an outline of his major recommendations. The budget
message includes three major summary tables.
Part I of the document (pp. Al through a13) contains
seven summary tables on Federal funds and on the pub­
lic debt. Each of these tables is designed to bring together
in 1 or 2 pages some overall aspect of the Federal
budget.
Part II (pp. 1 through 1011) contains the detail of the
budget for Federal funds, including various types of tables
and schedules, explanatory statements of the work to be
performed and the money needed, and the text of the
language proposed for enactment by Congress on each

item of authorization. This part also includes material
on funds of the municipal government of the District of
Columbia, and a few other trust funds which require
congressional action. It is arranged in chapters reflecting
the organization of the Government.
Part III (pp. 1013 through 1079) contains summary
tables on trust funds, and detailed schedules and explana­
tory statements on the various trust funds.
Part IV (pp. 1081 through 1166) contains special
analyses of budget data and Federal programs. These
analyses supplement material appearing in other parts of
the budget. Some of these give details for certain sum­
mary figures appearing in part I—for example, a classifi­
cation of budget receipts by source, and a classification of
budget expenditures according to functions and subfunc­
tions. Several of the other special analyses in part IV
contain materials which present different groupings or
classifications of data.
An appendix, printed separately, contains more detailed
information on personal services by grade and title.
explanatory statements

Introductory statements at the beginning of each part
give further explanations as follows:
Pages a2- a3—Types of funds and budget authoriza­
tions; basis of stating receipts and expenditures; concept
of budget surplus or deficit.
Pages 3-5—Format of material printed for each agency
and each account in part II.
Page 1014—Operation of trust and deposit funds covered
by part III.
Page 1082—Coverage of the special analyses printed in
part IV.

D
etail w n necessarily add to totals, because of rounding.
ill ot
m

2




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

R m of th B
esu e
e udget________________________________________________________________________________
Budget Message o the P esident____________________________________________________________________
f
r
Introduction____________________________________________________________________________________
M
ajor n
ation secu
al
rity____________________________________________________________________________
In ation a irs an fin ce_____________________________________________________________________
tern
al ffa
d an
V
eteran serv an b efits_______________________________________________________________________
s’
ices d en
L
abor an w
d elfare________________________________________________________________________________
A
gricu re an agricu ral reso rces_________________________________________________________________
ltu
d
ltu
u
N ral resou
atu
rces________________________________________________________________________________
C m
om erce an hou g____________________________________________________________________________
d sin
G era govern en
en l
m t______________________________________________________________________________
In
terest_______________________________________________________________________________________
P rt I. Sum ary Tables____________________________________________________________________________
a
m
T
able 1 S m ary o b d receip ex en itu an d
. u m
f u get
ts, p d res, d eficit_______________________________________
_____________________________________
T
able 2. S m ary o bu get a th
u m
f d
u orization a d th disp
s n eir
osition
T
able 3. E
ffect o fin n l op
f a cia eration o th p b debt____________________________________________
s n e u lic
T
able 4. S m ary of bu get au orization (by type o au orization an agency)________________________
u m
d
th
s
f th
d
T
able 5. Su m of bu
m ary
dget exp d res in relation to au orization (by agency)________________________
en itu
th
s
T
able 6. B ces availab at start an en of year_______________________________________________
alan
le
d d
T
able 7. A p
p licable receip of p b en rise fu d an th effect o bu get exp d res________________
ts
u lic terp
n s d eir
n d
en itu
P t II. Estim tes for Federal Funds________________________________________________________________
ar
a
L
egislative b ch
ran _________________________________________________________________________
T ju
he diciary____________________________________________________________________________
E tive O e o th P
xecu
ffic f e resid t______________________________________________________________
en
u d p rop
e resid t___________________________________________________________
en
F n s a p riated to th P
In ep d t o
d en en ffices________________________________________________________________________
G era S ices A in
en l erv
dm istration
______________________________________________________________
H sin an H e F an A
ou g d om in ce gency____________________________________________________________
D
epartm t of A
en
gricu re__________________________________________________________________
ltu
D
epartm t o C m
en f om erce___________________________________________________________________
D
epartm t of D se—M
en
efen
ilitary F n
u ction
s_____________________________________________________
D
epartm t o D se—C F ction
en f efen
ivil un
s________________________________________________________
D
epartm t o H
en f ealth E u
, d cation an W
, d elfare___________________________________________________
D
epartm t of th In
en
e terior__________________________________________________________________
D
epartm t of J stice______________________________________________________________________
en
u
D
epartm t of L
en
abor_______________________________________________________________________
P O
ost ffice D
epartm
ent_____________________________________________________________________
D
epartm t of State_______________________________________________________________________
en
T
reasu D
ry epartm
ent______________________________________________________________________
D
istrict o C m
f olu bia_______________________________________________________________________
P rt III. Estim tes fo Trust Funds__________________________________________________________________
a
a
r
T
able 8. S m ary of tru receip ex en itu an ap rop
u m
st
ts, p d res, d p riation
s__________________________________
T
able 9. T
rust receip (by agen an receip title)_______________________________________________
ts
cy d
t
T
able 10. T
rust ap rop
p riation an exp d res (by agen an accou t title)___________________________
s d en itu
cy d
n
D
etailed estim
ates, n
arratives, an sch u on tru funds__________________________________________
d ed les
st
P rt IV. Special Analyses___________________________________________________________________________
a
A F eral G
. ed
overnm receip froman paym
ent
ts
d
ents to th public_____________________________________
e
B B
. udget receip (by source)_______________________________________________________________
ts
C A alysis of th b d by fu ction an agen
. n
e u get
n
d
cy--------------------------------------------------------------------------D. In
vestm t, o eratin a d o er bu get exp d res------------------------------------------------------------------en p
g, n th
d
en itu
E A alysis of bu get ex en itu by p rp
. n
d
p d res
u ose___________________________________________________
F F era cred p
. ed l
it rogram
s__________________________________________________________________
G F era activities in p b w rk an o er con ction
. ed l
u lic o s d th
stru
__________________________________________
H F era a to S
. ed l id
tate an lo l govern en
d ca
m ts____________________________________________________
I. F era resea an d
ed l
rch d evelop en p
m t rogram
s___________________________________________________
J F eral econ ic statistical p
. ed
om
rogram
s________________________________________________________
K. S
elected in
vestm t an in
en d terfu d tran
n
saction
s_________________________________________________
L H
. istorical co p
m arison of b d receip an exp d res_________________________________________
u get
ts d en itu
Index____________________________________________________________________________________________




m3

m
4
m
5
m
5
m
22
m
32
m
37
m
42
m
52
m
58
m
63
m
73
m
77
a1
a4
a5
a6
a7
a8
a1
0
a1
2

1
6
40
54
68
102
256
292
350
442
504
606
652
724
820
844
868
878
904
956
1013
1015
1016
1020
1027
1081
1083
1086
1093
1103
1119
1122
1132
1145
1151
1159
1162
1164
1167




RESUME OF THE BUDGET
[Fiscal years. In billions]
1954
1953
actual

New obligational authority:
Under existing legislation___
Under proposed legislation _
Total______________________
Budget receipts:
Under existing legislation___
Under proposed legislation

B
udget
docum
ent
estim 1
ate

Actual

1955
actual

1956
estim
ated

1957
estim
ated

$80. 3

$71.

8

$62.

8

$57. 1

$61.
.

8
2

$57. 8
8. 5

80. 3

71.

8

62.

8

57. 1

62.

0

66. 3

64.

8

68. 0

64. 7

60. 4

64. 3
.2

64. 0
2. 3

64.

8

68
.0

64. 7

60. 4

64. 5

66. 3

Budget expenditures:
Under existing legislation___
Under proposed legislation

74. 3

77. 9

67.

8

64.

6

64. 2
. 1

63. 9
2. 0

Total______________________

74. 3

77. 9

67.

8

64.

6

64. 3

65. 9

Budget surplus ( + ) or deficit

-9 . 4

-9 . 9

-3 . 1

-4 . 2

+.

2

+ .4

Public debt at end of year __

266.

8

271. 3

274. 4

274. 3

273.

8

8

52. 1

6

46.

8

Total.

Balances of appropriations car­
ried forward at end of year____

1

78. 4

269.

67. 4

67.

1 These estimates refer to the 1954 budget as presented to the Congress on Jan. 9, 1953.

to

D
eficit

1952

Fcl Yas
isa e r
m

4

47.




B

U

D

G

E

T

M

E

S S A

G

E

O

F

T

H

E

P R

E S I D

E N

T

To the Congress oj the United States:

I send you today the Budget of the United States Government for
the fiscal year 1957 which begins July 1, 1956. This budget also in­
cludes the fiscal results of all Government operations for the year
ended June 30, 1955, and revised estimates for the current fiscal year
ending June 30, 1956.
BDE TTL
U GT OAS
[F c lyas Inb n]
is a e r.
illio s
1955

at a
cul
B d e r c ip _____________________________ u g t e e ts
_
B d e e pn itue.
u gt x e d r s
Bd e s r lu (+) o dfic (—
u g t up s
r e it )____ -

..

1956

1957

etimte etimte
s ad s ad

$60.4
64.6

$64.5
64.3

$66.3
65.9

-4.2

+.2

+.4

The budget I am proposing for 1957 is a balanced budget. It is
my expectation that the budget w also be in balance for the fiscal
all
year 1956.
Although balanced, the margin of estimated surplus in each of these
budgets is slim. This calls for the utmost cooperation between the
executive and legislative branches to prevent increases in expenditures
or reductions in receipts that would create a deficit.
The present encouraging budgetary outlook arises from a favorable
combination of factors involving both receipts and expenditures.
Substantial reductions in Government expenditures have been
achieved in the past 3 years. A significant increase in revenues is
currently anticipated as the result of our present unprecedented
prosperity.
In the achievement of this prosperity, the historic
7.4-billion-dollar tax reduction and reform program of 1954—so advis­
able during the transition to a peacetime economy then taking
place—and the confidence born of prudent fiscal and credit man­
agement have been strong energizing factors.
Budget expenditures in the fiscal year 1956 are now estimated at
64.3 billion dollars. This is a reduction in Government spending for
the third successive year. It is a decrease of 10 billion dollars from
the amount actually spent by the Federal Government in the fiscal
year which began July 1, 1952. It is a cut of 13.6 billion dollars from
the amount proposed in the budget for the fiscal year beginning
July 1, 1953, submitted to the Congress in January of 1953 before
this administration took office.
For the fiscal year 1957, total expenditures are estimated to rise
approximately 1.6 billion dollars over the anticipated level for 1956.
m

5




M ESSAGE

OF

TH E

P R E S ID E N T

This increase will be more than offset by the rise in receipts estimated
to result from continued growth in the national economy. Efforts to
obtain additional econom in Government operations must continue,
ies
for the balance achieved in the budget for 1957 is a balance at a high
level of receipts and expenditures. The search for additional savings
that can be effected while strengthening our security posture and pro­
viding essential Government services must be relentless.
We will take full advantage of the proposals of the Commission
on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, which
has completed with high distinction the task of analyzing the ac­
tivities of the Government. We will continue to give the taxpayer
greater and greater value for each dollar spent. We w continue to
ill
foster orderly growth of our economy through sound fiscal policies.
The confidence in the future among consum and businessmen gen­
ers
erated by those policies must be maintained.
BUDGET POLICIES

We seek, above all, the attainment of a just and durable peace,
Thus, the resources of the world can be directed to building a better
life for all people. The people of the Soviet Union and of the countries
under its domination are undoubtedly as anxious as the people of
other nations to achieve this objective. I regret that the Soviet
leaders have not as yet given any tangible evidence of an intention
to agree on a plan of disarmament that can be verified by adequate
inspection. In the absence of such tangible evidence, we must follow
the course reflected in this budget of steadily strengthening the defense
of the United States and its allies, so that the free world will remain
strong enough to deter possible aggressors or to retaliate immediately
and effectively if attacked.
At the same time, the Government of the United States will stead­
fastly seek all possible ways of further progress toward our goal of
peace. We will speed the development of the civilian uses of atomic
energy and make the resulting benefits available, under appropriate
controls, to other nations for the well-being of mankind. We will
propose logical methods for advancing disarmament. We will pro­
mote international trade and investment. We will not falter in our
cooperative efforts to build the economic, as well as defensive, strength
of the free world through the Mutual Security Program.
At home, programs instituted by the Executive and the Congress
have helped to nurture an unprecedented prosperity without inflation.
Our objective is to foster and encourage conditions in which this
prosperity can be sustained and can be more fully shared by agricul­
ture and certain sectors of our industrial economy. The growth and
movement of our population and the complexity of our dynamic
society are continually creating needs which must be met if we are to




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

build wisely for the future. For years, many activities which are
desirable for fostering sound economic growth have been postponed
because of the overriding needs of war and defense.
Defense needs are still overriding and must continue to be met in
full measure. However, budget revenues now permit us to undertake
some new and expanded programs for enhancing opportunities for
human well-being and economic growth. This budget reflects that
purpose.
These two national objectives of securing a lasting peace and of
sustaining widespread prosperity and well-being are closely linked to
our third goal of financial strength and stability.
In the words of Washington’s farewell address, we must meet our
defense needs by maintaining a respectable posture of defense. There
is no magic number of dollars or of military units and weapons that
would solve all our defense problems and guarantee our national
security. Neither can total mobilization in peacetime be the answer
to our defense needs. It is essential to have a stable, long-range
defense program suited to our needs which avoids fluctuations in
response to transitory pressures.
W e are equally well aware that overenthusiastic and ill-considered
Government efforts to promote economic development could lead to
inflation, and could also choke off private initiative, which is the wellspring of economic development and of a better life. Inflation would
bring suffering to the very groups whose well-being the Government
would be trying to serve.
W ith a sense of proportion and with a sound progressive policy,
we can continue our sure advance toward our objectives. The results
to date of sound financial management so demonstrate. While con­
tinuing substantial expenditures for military defense and mutual
security, with some increases where needed, we can now propose the
expansion of certain domestic programs, and, at the same time,
strengthen our financial position by a balanced budget. But we
must make sure that we do not undermine our financial strength by
laying the groundwork for future budget deficits.

BUDGET DOCUMENT
A budget is not just a book of figures describing fiscal operations—
it is a comprehensive plan of action for meeting our national objec­
tives. As such, it affects every phase of the life and activity of the
Nation. It is necessarily complex. Like the plans for a building,
the budget must be sketched from various points of view to give a
clear idea of its content and composition. Accordingly, despite some
repetition, the various items in the budget are classified and grouped
in different ways to help in the analysis of their overall significance.




M E S S A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

In this section of the budget message, I shall summarize budget
expenditures in terms of a few broad purposes and also in terms of
their controllability through the budget process. Following this dis­
cussion, there are two summary tables setting forth budget expendi­
tures and new obligational authority by m ajor programs and by
Government agencies. These tables are followed in the message b y a
discussion of m y recommendations for each of the major programs of
the Government.
The detailed part of the budget document which follows the mes­
sage contains four parts: (1) Additional summary tables; (2) detailed
appropriation accounts for each agency; (3) information on trust
funds and working funds; and (4) a number of special analyses which
throw light on the budget from still different viewpoints. These
analyses show, for example, the expenditures for Federal credit pro­
grams, public works, aid to State and local governments, research,
and economic statistics, all of which are common to many programs
and agencies.
The detailed schedules and statements of the budget have been
simplified this year to make them more useful to the Congress in
general and to the appropriations committees in particular. This
simplification has also resulted in reducing the size of the budget
document 50 pages and the appendix a further 175 pages.

BUDGET EXPENDITURES
E xpenditures by p u rp ose .— When we look at the budget in terms
of a few broad purposes, we find that the greatest portion, 64 percent,
PURPOSE OF B U D G E T EXPEN DITU R ES

111!

I

2 1%
C iv i l B e n e f i t s

Adm
inistration

F isca l Y e a r 1 9 5 7 E stim a ted

■ S it




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

of the expenditures in the fiscal year 1957 will be for deterring possible
aggression and for strengthening the international alliances to which
we belong. The next largest part, 21 percent, will be devoted to
civil benefits of various kinds. Interest, largely on the public debt,
will amount to nearly 11 percent. Expenditures for civil operations
and administration are estimated at 4 percent of the total. Further
details of expenditures by broad purposes can be found in special
analysis E on pages 1119 to 1121 of the budget document.
BUD GET E X P E N D IT U R E S B Y PURPOSE
[Fiscal years.

In billions]
1955
actual

- ____
Protection, including collective security .. __ _ _ __
Civil benefits.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Interest.. - _____ ______ __
- __ _____ _ „ . _ ___ _____ _____
Civil operations and administration... _ - _ ______________ ____
__
- - - _____ ________________
Reserve for contingencies
T o t a l ______ ____ ________________

- _____________ _______

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

$42.7
13.7
6.4
1.7

$41.4
13.8
6.9

$42.4
13.9
7.1

2.1
.1

2.2
.2

64.6

64.3

65.9

Protection, including collective security.— In this summary classifica­
tion of broad purposes, expenditures for protection include more than
the four m ajor national security programs. They embrace the mili­
tary functions of the Department of Defense, including construction
and procurement; the Mutual Security Program; the Atom ic Energy
Commission; and other programs such as stockpiling, expansion
of defense production, civil defense, and our foreign information
activities.
E X P E N D IT U R E S

FOR

PROTECTION,
[Fiscal years.

INCLUD IN G

COLLECTIVE

In billions]
1955
actual

Major national security programs:
Department of Defense—M ilitary Functions_________
_____
M utual Security Program—m ilitary.__ . ________
_____ .
______________ ____ _
Atom ic Energy Commission____
Stockpiling and defense production expansion.....
.......... ........
Subtotal_____________________________________________________
Related programs___________________________ ________ ____________
Total

___

.

SECURITY

_______ ________________________

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

$35.5
2.3
1.9
.9

$34.6
2.5
1.7
.7

$35.5
2.5
1.9
.4

40.6

39.5
1.9

40.4

2.1
42.7

41.4

42.4

2.0

In planning such great security programs, it is clear that we must
never permit ourselves to be panicked by temporary crises or beguiled

m

IO




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

b y a campaign of smiles without deeds. W e continue to maintain
and to strengthen our national security forces.
This budget provides for increased expenditures for the military
functions of the Department of Defense, emphasizing air-atomic
power, guided missiles, research and development, continental defense,
and the re-equipping of our forces with new types of weapons. Out­
lays for conventional weapons and for stockpiling will be decreased.
Under the M utual Security Program, budget expenditures in 1957 for
military assistance and for economic and technical assistance are
estimated at about the same level as in the fiscal years 1955 and 1956.
Expenditures for atomic energy, including peaceful applications, will
rise in 1957 to a somewhat higher total than for any previous year.
I am also recommending an expansion of our foreign information
activities so that we can more successfully advance understanding
abroad of our policies and their peaceful intent.

Civil benefits.— A great variety of Government programs provide
civil benefits and services for the Nation as a whole and for specific
groups. They encourage the private development and growth of our
econom y and provide certain economic safeguards for individuals
and groups in order that our dynamic system of free choice m ay
operate effectively in the modern world.
Some of these benefits and services are in the form of public works
or loans which add to Federal assets. Expenditures for long-range
development, such as those for health research and for grants to
States for construction, also lay the foundation for future economic
progress and development. However, the bulk of the benefits and
services are for current expenses, including veterans’ benefits; aids to
agriculture; aids and subsidies to shipping, airlines, and the postal
service; and grants to States for public assistance and administration
of employment offices and unemployment insurance.
E X P E N D IT U R E S

FOR CIVIL BE N E FITS

[Fiscal years. In billions]
1955
actual

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

Additions to Federal assets____ _____. _____________________________
Long-range development___________ _____________________________ _
Current expense item s.______________________________ _____________

$3.8
1. 7

$2.3

8.2

9.5

$2.4
2.4
9.1

T otal___________ _______ _______________________________

13.7

13.8

13.9

2.0

M y recommendations for the fiscal year 1957 under this heading of
civil benefits are designed to build for the future by assisting further
in the strengthening of agriculture; in the promoting of labor stand­
ards; in the building of schools; in the expansion of research and




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

training in science, health, and agriculture; in the modernization of
our highways; in the improvement of housing and urban facilities; in
the enlargement of our airway traffic capacity; in the replacement of
our merchant fleet; and in the conservation of our natural resources.
The estimated expenditure for each of the civil benefits and services
(shown in detail on p. 1120) represents the best judgment of this
administration of what is required and can be used effectively during
the coming year to meet our growing needs.
In discharging the responsibility for fostering a growing prosperity
that is widely shared, I have been mindful of two principles.
First, we will progress fastest b y relying on private initiative as
the mainspring for economic growth and a better life for all. In
encouraging economic growth, the Government should act on the
basis of enabling private activity to expand and not on a basis of
replacing private with public activity. M y recommendations, there­
fore, are designed to encourage private initiative and to contribute
toward, or, in some cases, to undertake tasks which private enterprise
cannot perform alone.
Second, the interests of our citizens are best advanced by encour­
aging State and local governments to strengthen themselves and thus
keep as much Government responsibility as possible in the States and
communities, close to the people themselves. The Federal actions
which I am proposing are designed to meet real and pressing needs
which most smaller governmental units cannot cope with by them­
selves. Our endeavor is to help fill the gap between the need for
essential services, on the one hand, and the present ability of State
and local governments to meet those needs, on the other. Wherever
possible and logical, I propose that responsibility and costs be shared
by these other governmental units.
A corollary of these two principles is that where Federal action is
necessary, it should be taken, if possible, in a way that need not entail
large or continuing Federal outlays. For some activities, Federal
guaranties will encourage the availability of private credit. For other
activities, partnership with private or State and local government
interests will multiply the effectiveness of Federal expenditures.
M any services performed and privileges granted by the Govern­
ment in the public interest also convey a special, added benefit to
individuals or groups who can afford to pay for them. In some cases,
the services are now provided without charge. In other cases, the
fees are substantially below the costs of providing the services. Thus,
the general taxpayer is required to subsidize operations which should
be self-supporting. The scope and cost of these hidden subsidies
have grown considerably during the past decades. I firmly believe
in the principle that Government services which give a special benefit
to users should be financed by adequate charges paid by the users.

M il

Ml2




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

In furtherance of this principle, I strongly recommend that the
Congress enact legislation to increase postal rates so that users are
no longer subsidized from general funds.

Civil operations and administration.— Budget items for civil opera­
tions and administration are predominantly the traditional ex­
penses of the Government. They are the largest in number but not
the largest in amount. They cover the bulk of the expenditures for
the legislative branch, the judiciary, and various regulatory activities,
as well as the administrative expenses of many cabinet departments
and independent agencies. They also include expenses for tax col­
lection and various central management services.
These programs have a greater significance than their small propor­
tion of the total budget would indicate. I am recommending selective
increases in appropriations and expenditures for a number of them.
For example, we should increase our representation abroad— par­
ticularly in a number of countries with which our relations are becom ­
ing increasingly vital. A strengthening of our foreign relations will
pay dividends in terms of better mutual understanding and friendship.
Likewise, m y proposals for reducing the backlogs of cases pending in
our Federal courts and before our regulatory commissions will bring
benefits greater than their costs. Increased funds for central property
and records management will enable us to achieve greater economies
in carrying out the other activities of our Government.
Expenditures by controllability.— Another way of looking at and
grouping budget expenditures is from the point of view of their conB U D G E T EXP EN D ITU R ES IN D IC A T IN G C O N T R O L L A B IL IT Y

,

Year 4957 EsHroafW

$ Billions
4 0 .4

M a j o r N a t io n a l S e c u r ity

1 6 .5
C h a r g e s F ix e d b y L a w
9 .0

Other E en itu
xp d res




Ml3

M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

trollability through the budget process. Each year when a budget is
being determined, a large amount cannot be substantially modified by
actions of the executive branch or of the Congress through the appro­
priations process but only by longer term review and action. In the
fiscal year 1957, about one-quarter of the estimated budget expendi­
tures are dictated b y factors not readily subject to administrative
discretion through the budget process.
Interest is the largest example of such an expenditure. M ost of
the other relatively uncontrollable programs, such as agricultural
price supports, veterans’ compensation and pensions, and various
grants to States, are in the field of civil benefits as classified in the
previous section.
BUDGET E X P E N D IT U R E S IN D ICA TIN G
[Fiscal years.

CON TROLLABILITY

In millions]
1955
actual

Description

Major national security programs_______ ________ _______ __________
Major programs which are not readily controllable:
Veterans’ compensation, pensions, and selected benefit pro­
grams__________________________________ ______
______ __ _
Veterans’ unemploym ent compensation________________________
Grants to States for public assistance............ .............. ............ ...
C om m odity Credit Corporation (net)1
_________________________
Removal of surplus agricultural com m odities___ ______________
Conservation of agricultural land resources_______________ _____
Federal-aid highway grants____________________________ _______
Grants to States for unemployment compensation and em ploy­
ment service administration_____________ ______ __
______
Payment to the unemployment trust fund......... .............. ............
Claims and relief acts______ ______ __________________________
Payments to Federal employees’ retirement funds
____ ______
Payment to railroad retirement fund for military service credits
Unemployment compensation for Federal employees_____ ___ .
Legislative and the judiciary_________________________________ .
Interest... _ _____________ _______________ ____ ___________

1957
estimated

$40,626

$39,467

$40,370

3,519
106
1,427
3,414
59
235
595

3,770
115
1,488
2, 211
225

3,842
118
1,478
1,694
265

220

220

740

800

194
64
142
30

230
87
168
234

255
81
185
296

19
96
6, 438

32
135
6,875

33
164
7,066

16,338

16, 530

16,499

___________________

7,606

8,273

8,996

________________ ____________ __________________

64, 570

64, 270

65,865

Total________________________________________________________
All other programs
Total

1956
estimated

_______ ________________

2

1 T or purposes of comparability, includes expenditures from appropriations to reimburse the Corporation.

NEW AUTHORITY TO INCUR OBLIGATIONS
Before any budget expenditures can be made, the Congress must
first authorize Federal agencies to incur obligations. This authority,
ordinarily provided in the form of appropriations, may or may not
lead to the immediate expenditure of funds. In the case of salaries
and the purchase of supplies, the expenditure will ordinarily follow
closely the incurring of the obligation. For other items such as ships,

m14




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

aircraft, and complex military equipment, the expenditure may follow
the incurring of the obligation by several years.
Unexpended balances of appropriations carried over from prior
years ran to nearly 80 billion dollars when this administration took
office and represented an enormous backlog of commitments for which
expenditures had to be made in the fiscal year 1954 and subsequent
years. These balances represented, in effect, c. o. d. orders which
had to be paid for in cash when the goods were delivered and con­
stituted a heavy overhanging load for the budget on top of the appro­
priations being enacted currently.
B y the end of fiscal year 1956 we expect to have reduced these
balances by well over a third, to below 50 billion dollars, a level
believed more reasonable in its relation to actual needs for current
operations.
F or the fiscal year 1957, requested new authority to incur obliga­
tions is about the same as estimated budget receipts and slightly
greater than estimated expenditures. However, the backlog of un­
expended balances of appropriations will be further reduced as some
appropriations enacted in prior years will be allowed to lapse. This
continues the policy of the two previous budgets I sent to the Congress,
in which I emphasized the importance of actions to eliminate excessive
accumulations of unexpended balances, which so frequently invite
commitments leading to unnecessary future expenditures.
Of the total new authority I am recommending for the fiscal year
1957, action by this session of the Congress will be required for 58.3
billion dollars. The remainder consists of previously enacted perma­
nent authorizations under which new authority becomes available
each year without new action by the Congress. An example is
interest on the public debt.
NEW

A U T H O R IT Y TO INCUR
[Fiscal years.

OBLIGATIONS

In billions]
1955

Proposed for enactment in this session:
Recommended at this tim e_____ __ ________________________
Proposed for later transmission:
Under existing legislation__________________ ________________
Under proposed legislation
________ __ _ _________ ____
T o t a l ______________________________ ____ _____________
Enacted prior to this session:
Current authorizations________________________________________
Permanent authorizations ______ _____________________________
T o t a l ________ ______ - ____ _________________________

______

1956

1957

$49.7
$0.6

.1

.2

8.5

.8

58.3

$49.3
7.8

52.7
8.5

8.0

57.1

62.0

66.3




m

M E SS A G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM

I have outlined in m y message on the State of the Union the legis­
lative proposals which I consider vital to our continued progress.
Detailed recommendations will be presented to the Congress on certain
of these proposals. The budgetary estimates for the fiscal year 1957
for m y legislative proposals are summarized in the table below.
These estimates cover only the proposals for which financial au­
thorizations cannot be enacted prior to enactment of enabling legisla­
tion. Often they supplement programs for which expenditures are
included elsewhere in the budget. For example, the amounts shown
in the following table for m y proposals for strengthening agriculture
are only part of the total in the budget for agricultural programs.
Pending final determination of the amounts required for the recom­
mended program for highways, the dollar estimates included in this
budget under proposed legislation cover only the continuance of the
present annual authorization. The new highway program should be
soundly financed so as not to create budget deficits.
SUM M ARY

OF

L E G IS L A T IV E

PROPOSALS

[Fiscal year 1957. In millions]

Program

Recommended
new authority
to incur
obligations

Estimated
expenditures

NEW LEGISLATION
Agriculture—soil bank and accompanying proposals____________________
Area redevelopment_________ ____ _____ ________ ________________ _
Atom ic energy plant construction_____________ _ ______________________
Bureau of Reclamation and Corps of Engineers projects________________
Department of Defense—military public works and personnel incentives
(net)
_________________ _____ _____________ ___________________
Flood indem nity_ __________________ ____________________________ _____
_
Postal rate increases____________________________ ______________ _________

Public health—new proposals_______________________________________
School construction—general assistance program................................. ......
Tennessee Valley Authority steam plants (revenue bonds)_____________
Other proposals_______________ .................................................................
Total, new legislation___ ___ ______ _______ ____________________

i $450
50
144
46

1$400
10
40
21

1,117
100
—350
76
376

200
25
—
350

68
68

2,145

24

150
24
47
591

EXTENSION OF EXISTING LEGISLATION
College housing _ __ _ _________ ___________________________________
Federal-aid highways and forest highways ____________________________
.................
........
Mutual Security Program
Public assistance g r a n ts ..______________________________________________
School construction—assistance in federally affected a rea s___.*.„-...........
Other proposals_________________________________________________________

100
898

4,860
166

8
8

990

166

6

5
29

Total, extension of existing legislation_____________________________
Reserve for contingencies____________ ____ ________- ___________________

6,118

1,190

250

225

Total, legislative proposals ..................................... ..................... ......

8, 512

2,006

* In addition, proposed refunds to farmers of Federal taxes on gasoline used in farm operations are
estimated at 60 million dollars in 1957.

15

m

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

!6




BUDGET RECEIPTS AND TAX POLICY

I have already indicated in m y State of the Union message the
broad outlines of our tax policies. I shall summarize them here.
W e have noted that in 1954 reductions in spending made possible—
and appropriate in the existing circumstances of transition to a peace­
time economy— the largest dollar tax cut in any year in our history.
Alm ost 7y2 billion dollars were cut from the sums required of the tax­
payers and every taxpayer in the country benefited. Almost twothirds of the savings went directly to individuals. This tax cut also
helped to build up the economy, to make jobs in industry, and to
increase the production of the many things desired to improve the
scale of living for the great m ajority of Americans.
The strong expansion of the economy, coupled with a constant care
for efficiency in Government operations and an alert guard against
controllable waste and duplication; has brought us to a prospective
balance between income and expenditure. This is being achieved
while we continue to strengthen the military security forces and
enlarge services to the public.
T o reach a balanced budget in the fiscal year 1956 and in the fiscal
year 1957, it will be necessary in addition to continuing everyday
efforts to keep spending under control, to continue all the present
excise taxes without any reduction and the corporation income taxes
at their present rates for another year beyond April 1, 1956.
Based on the extension of these tax rates, budget receipts in the fiscal
year 1957 are estimated at 66.3 billion dollars, 1.8 billion dollars
higher than in the current year.
BUDGET RECEIPTS
[Fiscal years. In billions]
1955
actual

_ __ __ _________________________ ______
_____________ Corporation income taxes
___________ _____________
Excise taxes _ _________ ________
________________________ ______
Other taxes (net of transfers to trust funds)_______________________
Miscellaneous receipts - __ ___________ __________________________
Refunds of receipts (—) _____________ ______________________________

Individual income taxes

Total

_____________________ ________________________________

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

$31.7
18.3
9.2

$33.6
20.3
9.9

$35.1
20.3
9.9

2.1
2.6

2.0

2.1
2.8

-3 .4

2.5
- 3 .8

-3 .9

60.4

64.5

66.3

It is unquestionably true that our present tax level is very burden­
some and, in the interest of long term and continuous economic
growth, should be reduced when we prudently can. It is essential,
in the sound management of the Government’s finances, that we be
mindful of our enormous national debt and of the obligation we have
toward future Americans to reduce that debt whenever we can appro-

Ml7

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

SOURCE OF BUDGET RECEIPTS

°fo

•30
C o r p o r a t io n
In co m e T a x e s

4 8 %

•---------------- —

----------------

In d iv id u a l
In com e T a x e s

F is c a l Y e a r

1 9 5 7 E s tim a te d

priately do so. Under conditions of high peacetime prosperity, such
as now exist, we can never justify going further into debt to give
ourselves a tax cut at the expense of our children. So, in the present
state of our financial affairs, I earnestly believe that a tax cut can
be deemed justifiable only when it will not unbalance the budget, a
budget w^hich makes provision for some reduction, even though
modest, in our national debt. In this way we can best maintain fiscal
integrity.
PUBLIC DEBT

On the basis of present estimates, we should be able to end the
current fiscal year with a small reduction in the public debt, and a
small further reduction is anticipated for the fiscal year 1957.
P U B L IC
[Fiscal years.

DEBT
In billions]

1955
actual

1956

estimated

1957
estimated

Public debt at start of year_____ __________________________________
Change due to budget deficit (+ ) or surplus ( —) ___________________
Other changes in public d e b t ...... .............................. . ......................

$271.3
+4.2
-1.1

$274.4
—
.2

+ .1

-.1

Public debt at end of year__________________________________
Public debt subject to legal limit at end of year-------------------------------

274.4
273.9

274.3
273.8

273.8
273.3

$274.3
- .4

The immediate economic effects of the public debt depend partly
on its management. During each year various issues of Government

300000— 56-------ii




m

!8




M E S S A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

securities become due and refinancing must be arranged. In the
past several years, the Treasury has cooperated closely with the
Federal Reserve System to assure that the management of the debt
is consistent with our general monetary and credit policies. These
actions have helped sustain a sound and growing business activity
without inflation or deflation.
The Treasury has also taken steps toward lengthening the average
m aturity of the debt so as to avoid its becoming concentrated too
heavily in short-term issues. Further, the number of financing oper­
ations each year has been reduced. These actions lessen the impact
of Treasury financing on the market, and give the Federal Reserve
System greater freedom in its operations.
C H A N G E IN PU B LIC D EBT

Fiscal Years • $ Billions
»■
D ecrea se

.11 1956 Estim
ated
.5 H ' 9 5 7 Estim
ated

Last year the Congress extended through June 1956 a temporary
increase during the fiscal year in the statutory debt limit from 275
billion dollars to 281 billion dollars, so that the Treasury could meet
its heavy temporary borrowing needs during the first half of the fiscal
year 1956, when tax receipts are seasonally low. The Treasury is
currently operating within 1 billion dollars of the temporary debt
ceiling, and on cash balances that at some periods offer little flexibility
in the management of Government finances. Even with a balanced
budget in 1956 and 1957, seasonal borrowing in the first half of fiscal
year 1957 will temporarily bring the debt above the 275 billion dollar
limit. Therefore, a continuation of the legislation allowing a tem po­
rary increase during the year in the statutory debt limit is required.
RE C E IPTS F R O M AND PA Y M E N T S TO TH E PUBLIC

The budget receipts and expenditures discussed so far reflect trans­
actions in funds belonging to the Federal Government. The G overn­
ment also collects and pays out sizable sums for the various funds
which it holds in trust for others, such as old-age and survivors




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

M l9

insurance, railroad retirement, unemployment compensation, veterans’
life insurance, and Federal employees’ retirement.
SUM M ARY

OF

M AJO R

[Fiscal years.

TRUST

FUNDS

In billions]
1955
actual

Balance in funds at start of year______ _________________ _________
Receipts________________ _______________
_______ __ _ _________
Expenditures _____
__ __ ___________________________ _________
Balance in funds at close of year ________________________ _________

$44.9
9.1

1956
estimated

$45.9

8.1

11.2
8. 7

45.9

48.4

1957
estimated

$48.4
11.5
9.7
50.2

These trust funds are currently accumulating surpluses because
payments into them are being made by a great many more people
than are now drawing benefits. The rate of accumulation is gradually
declining as more people become eligible for benefits, but will still
amount to an estimated 1.8 billion dollars in the fiscal year 1957.
The flow of money between the public and the Government as
a whole is shown in the table below by consolidating budget trans­
actions with trust fund transactions and by eliminating intragov­
ernmental payments and receipts. The relationship of receipts
from and payments to the public is sometimes used to measure
the inflationary or deflationary impact, if any, of Government finan­
cial operations on the economy. M ore detail on this consolidation
can be found in special analysis A, pages 1083 to 1085 of this budget.
R E C E IP T S F R O M A N D P A Y M E N T S T O T H E P U B L IC , E X C L U D IN G B O R R O W IN G
[Fiscal years.

In billions]
1955
actual

Receipts from the public. _ _______________ _______________________
Payments to the public_________ __ _ __ ______ __ __ _______ _
Excess of receipts from the public
Excess of payments to the public

______ _________________
........................ .....
__

$67.8
70.5

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

$73.5
71.0

$75.4
72.9

2.4

2.4

2.7

An excess of Federal cash receipts from the public is estimated for
both the fiscal years 1956 and 1957.
SU M M A R Y TABLES

The following two pages present tables showing key budget figures
on both new authority to incur obligations and expenditures for each
major program and for each major agency. These tables are fol­
lowed b y a discussion of the programs covered by the budget, includ­
ing the legislative recommendations.

m

20

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

SU M M A R Y OF N EW OBLIG ATIO N AL AU TH O R ITY
B Y FU N CTIO N A N D AGENCY

Based on existing and proposed legislation
[Fiscal years.

In millions]
1956 estimated

Description

1955 enacted
Enacted

Proposed
for later
transmission

1957 estimated

Total

R ecom ­
m ended in
this document

Proposed
for later
transmission

T otal

BY FUNCTION
M ajor national security . _
__ _ _ _ _
International affairs and finance. _
___
Veterans’ services and benefits _
_
_____ ________
Labor and welfare_ _ _ _
Agriculture and agricultural resources_____
Natural resources... _
Com merce and housing
___
_ _
__________
General governm ent _ _ _ _
_
___
Interest_ ____
_
_
__
______ ____ __
Reserve for contingencies_____ __ _____ _____________
T otal new obligational authority_______________
BY AGENCY
Legislative bran ch. _ _____________________________ __
T he judiciary______ ____
_ ___________
_____
Executive Office of the President_______________ _____
Funds appropriated to the President________
_____
Independent offices:
____________
Atom ic Energy Commission __
Veterans Adm inistration________
O t h e r ___ ____
_
_ _________
_____ __
___
General Services Adm inistration_____ __
Housing and H om e Finance * gen cy- __
AO
_ ——
O
•~
/
—
D epartm ent of Agriculture _________
___
D epartm ent of Defense— M ilitary Functions ______
__ __
D epartm ent of Health, Education, and W e lf a r e ._
_________ _____ __
Departm ent of Justice____
_
___. . . ____
Departm ent of L abor. _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _
Post Office D epartm ent (general fu n d )..
Departm ent of State________
________ __________ _
Treasury Departm ent
_____ __
___. . .
________________
Reserve for contingencies.
_______
T otal new obligational au th ority. _ ___________
b Less than one-half million dollars.
* Deduct, proposed postal rate increase.




$33,
2,
4,
2,
2,

656
304
369
614
672
966
2, 919
1, 138
6, 438

870
110
597
627
311
985
3, 392
1, 454
6, 875

870
118
805
807
324
045
492
525
875
125

$35, 482
416
4, 847
2, 680
2, 395
1, 009
2, 200
1, 565
7, 066

125

$35,
2,
4,
2,
3,

$8
208
180
13
60
100
71

$35,
2,
4,
2,
3,
1,
3,
1,
6,

250

57, 076

61, 219

766

61, 984

57, 659

106
32
9
2, 796

120
36
10
2, 728

9
1

129
37
10
2, 753

87
41
10
10

(b
)
25

1, 285
4, 358
1, 042
533
584
2, 841
1, 438
30, 787
468
2, 010
491
189
447
363
131
7, 137
30

1, 179
1, 693
1, 179
208
4, 763
4, 555
4, 805
766
41
935
725
6
701
707
218
883
5
888
335
26
3, 600
3, 574
2, 673
64
1, 600
1, 535 epartm ent of Commerce __
686
D
_
33, 147
33, 147
33, 790
650
614epartm ent of Defense— Civil Functions
36
644
D
1, 990
144
2, 133
1, 950
500epartm ent15 the In terior.
514
549
D
of
200
12
212
236
469
15
484
500
441
441
470
144
6
150
183
7, 639
25
7, 664
7, 813
30istrict of Columbia (general fu n d )
32
2
33
D
125
125

57, 076

61,219

766

61, 984

$4, 262
1, 916
45
707
478
112
806
56

57, 659

743
332
892
387
872
121
006
621
066
250

8, 632

66, 291

4, 860

87
41
10
4, 870

144
45
118

$39,
2,
4,
3,
2,
1,
3,
1,
7,

2
250

1, 837
4, 850
1, 052
218
537
3, 150
1, 635
34, 907
665
2, 654
582
236
502
12G
239
7, 813
35
250

8, 632

66, 291

202
478
950
1, 117
21
705
33
2
d 350
56

M E SSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

m

21

S U M M A R Y OF BUDG ET EX PEN DITU RES
BY FUNCTION AND AGENCY

Based on existing and proposed legislation
[Fiscal years.

In millions]

1955 actual

1957 estimated

1956 estimated

Description
Gross ex­
penditures

Applicable
receipts 1

Net ex­
penditures

Gross ex­
penditures

Applicable
receipts 1

N et ex­
penditures

Gross ex­
penditures

Applicable
receipts 1

$498
333
39

$40, 626
2 , 181
4, 457
2, 552
4, 411
1 , 081
1 , 622

$39, 737
2, 497
4, 839
2, 769
8 , 575
1, 302
6 , 259
1, 614
6 , 875

$271
444
46

$39, 467
2, 053
4, 793
2 , 767
3, 376
1, 045
2 , 182
1 , 611
6 , 875

$305
484
55

100

$40, 674
2, 591
4, 934
2 , 997
9, 070
1, 297
6 , 299
1, 760
7, 066
225

64, 270

76, 914

98
37

123
41

Net ex­
penditures

BY FUNCTION
M ajor national security_______________
International affairs and finance______
Veterans’ services and benefits________
Labor and welfare_____________________
Agriculture and agricultural resou rces..
Natural resources_____________________
Commerce and housing________________
General governm ent___________________
Interest________________________________
Reserve for contingencies_____________
T otal budget expenditures.

$41,
2,
4,
2,
9,
1,
6,
1,
6,

124
514
496
554
324
304
139
204
438

1
4, 913
223
4, 517
3

1, 201
6,

438

2
5, 199
256
4, 077
3

100
75, 097

10, 527

64, 570

74, 567

98
37

501

65
30
9
4, 381

4, 736

1, 857
4, 405
504
973
153
4, 636
1, 077

1, 715
4, 841
3, 301
662
1 , 118
6 , 964
1, 333

35, 532

34, 575

97

548

693

2

1, 993
515
182
394
356
137
6 , 800

2, 134
586
219
460
2, 945
154
7, 861
25

10, 298

2
5, 706
266
4, 228
3

$40, 370
2 , 108
4, 879
2, 995
3, 364
1, 031
2 , 071
1, 757
7, 066
225

11, 049

65, 865

BY AGENCY
Legislative branch______________________
The judiciary___________________________
Executive Office of the President_______
Funds appropriated to the President___
Independent offices:
Atom ic Energy Com m ission_______
Veterans Adm inistration___________
Other______________________________
General Services Adm inistration_______
Housing and Hom e Finance A gency____
D epartm ent of Agriculture_____________
D epartm ent of Com m erce______________
D e p a r tm e n t o f D e fe n s e — M ilita ry
Functions____________________________
D epartm ent of Defense— Civil Func­
tions __________________________________
D epartm ent o f Health, Education, and
W elfare_______________________________
Departm ent of the Interior_____________
Departm ent of Justice__________________
D epartm ent of Labor___________________
Post Office Departm ent_________________
Departm ent of State___________________
Treasury D epartm ent__________________
D istrict of Columbia (general fu n d )____
Reserve for contingencies_______________
T otal budget expenditures______

65
30
9
4, 881
1, 857
4, 505
3, 008
978
1, 270
7, 655
1, 096

( b)

100
2, 504
5
1, 117
3,018

20

35, 533
646
1, 994
548
182
395
2 , 733
137
7, 553

32

1
2, 376
753

22

22

10, 527

64, 570

74, 567

10

10

10

4, 462

4, 662

1, 715
4, 732
671
658
19
3, 653
1, 298

1, 946
4, 945
3, 510
560
1, 287
7, 372
1, 461

34, 575

35, 547

602

715

132
557
219
459
483
154
7, 611
25

2, 563

100

2, 305
643
218
494
2 , 680
167
7, 969
33
225

64, 270

76, 914

11, 049

10
274
( 6)

109
2, 630
4
1, 099
3, 312
35
( 6)

91

2
29

1
2, 461
250

100
75, 097

123
41

10, 298

2,

309
(* )

125
2, 804
4
1, 354
3, 711
33

4, 353
1, 946
4, 820
706
556
° 67
3, 661
1, 428
35, 547

( 6)

629

2
28

2

27

° Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.
than one-half million dollars.
1
Receipts of certain Government corporations, the postal service, and other revolving funds the receipts of which come primarily from outside the Government.
are listed in the respective chapters of part II as “ Public enterprise funds.”

2, 303
616
218
492
117
167
7, 942
33
225
65, 865

h Less




These funds

m

M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

22




MAJOR NATIONAL SECURITY

Budget expenditures for major national security programs in the
fiscal year 1957 are estimated at 40.4 billion dollars, 903 million
dollars more than estimated for the fiscal year 1956.
T o build our military strength effectively and efficiently, peaks and
valleys in security spending and in defense production must be avoided.
I want to emphasize again the importance of a sound, long-range pro­
gram which does not arbitrarily assume a fixed date of maximum
danger. M ilitary planning must combine present defense with the
probable needs of a long period of uncertain peace.
M AJOR

N A T IO N A L

[Fiscal years.

S E C U R IT Y

In millions]

New obligational authority

Expenditures

Item
1955
actual

Gross budget expenditures;
Department of Defense—M ilitary
Functions:
Direction and coordination of
defense________________________
Air Force d efen se ______ ________
A rm y defense________ __________
N avy defense.___________________
Other central defense activities_
_
Proposed legislation___________
Transfer from Department of
Defense revolving funds to
general accounts (proposed legis­
lation)________________ ________

$13
12,137
7, 764

10,221
653

1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
mated
mated

$13
15, 490
7,351
9,640
654

$15
15, 430
7, 731
10,006
607
1,902

1955
actual

$13
16, 407
8, 899
9, 733
481

1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
mated
mated

$13
15, 960
8, 510
9,435
657

$14
16, 535
8, 582
9,565
651

200

-7 8 5

Total, Department of Defense..
Developm ent and control of atomic
energy:
Present programs_______ ________
Proposed legislation______ ___
Stockpiling and defense production
expansion:
Present programs. __________ ._
Proposed legislation_____________
M utual Security Program—military:
Present programs ________________
Proposed legislation____ _______

30, 787

33,147

34, 907

35, 533

34, 575

35, 547

1,285

1,179

1,692
144

1,857

1, 715

1,905
40

380

521

1,442

983

678
4

1,204

1,022

2,292

2,464

2,100

T otal_________________________
Deduct applicable receipts:
Defense production expansion________
Other _______ _______________ ____

33,656

Net budget expenditures_________________

* Less than one-half million dollars,

400

3, 000
35,870

39, 743

41,124
497
( 6)
40, 626

39,737

40,674

270
O)
39, 467

304
(*)
40,370




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Department oj Dejense.— During the past 3 years our defense program
has been successfully reoriented to reflect the changing nature of the
threat to our security, the revised requirements brought about by the
end of the Korean conflict, and the increasing availability of new
weapons of unprecedented strategic and tactical importance.
This reorientation has been accomplished by developing our defense
program on the basis of the following policies and concepts:
1. Gearing our defense preparations to a long period of uncertainty
instead of to a succession of arbitrarily assumed dates of maximum
danger.
2. Maintaining the capability to deter a potential aggressor from
attack and to blunt that attack if it comes— by a combination of
immediate retaliatory power and a continental defense system of
steadily increasing effectiveness.
3. Developing military forces which minimize numbers of men by
making maximum use of science and technology.
4. Relating the number and degree of readiness of major units in the
active forces to the practical limitations on the rapid deployment of
major military forces from the United States immediately upon the
outbreak of aggression, and relying, for the remainder, on ready
reserve forces.
5. Utilizing military personnel on active duty with maximum effec­
tiveness so as to hold to a minimum the number of men withdrawn
from work in the civilian economy.
6. Concentrating our efforts on those forces which best complement
the forces our allies are most capable of raising and supporting.
7. Maintaining a strong and expanding peacetime industrial struc­
ture, readily convertible to the tasks of defense and war.
The readjustment of our military forces in line with these principles
is providing this Nation w^ith the greatest military power in its peace­
time history. M y recommendations for the fiscal year 1957 continue
the same basic policies and concepts.
This budget provides funds for an average of 2,815,700 military
personnel on active duty during the fiscal year 1957. Total military
personnel on active duty will increase to 2,838,400 at the end of
fiscal year 1957 from the number of 2,814,100 estimated to be on
active duty at the end of the current fiscal year. In order to permit
flexibility in planning and operations, a military personnel ceiling
has been authorized for the fiscal year 1957, totaling 2,906,000,
excluding Arm y cadets, N avy aviation cadets, and midshipmen.
However, no increase will be made above the military personnel
levels provided for in this budget except upon detailed justification
to, and approval by the Secretary of Defense.
During the fiscal year 1957 there will be significant increases in
certain combat elements, particularly units employing new weapons

m23




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

and units assigned to continental defense. These increases, together
with the continued modernization of the weapons and equipment,
will further enhance the combat power and effectiveness of our forces.
M y recommendations for the military functions of the Department
of Defense for the fiscal year 1957 will require congressional authori­
zations amounting in total to 35.7 billion dollars. Of this amount, it
is proposed that 785 million dollars be provided by transfer of existing
authority from revolving funds. Thus, the new authority proposed
for 1957 is 34.9 billion dollars, which is 1.8 billion dollars more than
the amount voted by the Congress for the current fiscal year. E x­
penditures are expected to total 35.5 billion dollars, compared with
a present estimate of 34.6 billion dollars for the current fiscal year.
The increases in new authority to incur obligations and in expendi­
tures in the fiscal year 1957 reflect, in large part, the cost of keeping
our forces modern.
Continued improvements in technology and weapons can be ex­
pected and they will tend to increase costs unless offsetting savings
can be found. Replacement, maintenance, and operations will re­
quire a high level of expenditures in the fiscal year 1957 and for years
to come. Therefore, the management of our military programs must
have continuing study and scrutiny. Constant efforts must be made
to plan carefully in advance, to increase efficiency, and to reduce costs
and expenditures.
DEPARTM ENT

OF

DEFENSE

COSTS

BY

M AJO R

C A T E G O R IE S

(B ased on existing and proposed legislation)
{ Fiscal years.

In m illions j

Cost category

Military personnel:
Active forces...
Retired pay___
Operation and maintenance.
Major procurement and production.
Aircraft...................................... .
Ships................................... .........
Guided missiles..........................
Other......................................... .
Military public works________
Reserve components................
Research and developm ent...
Establishment-wide activities.
Working capital (revolving) funds.
Transfer from Department of Defense revolving funds to
general accounts (proposed legislation)

Total.

N et budget expenditures
Recom ____________________________ mended new
obligational
1955
1956 esti- 1957 estiauthority
actual
mated
mated
for 1957

$10, 643
419
7,905
(12,997)
8,037
1,009
631
3,319
1, 582
717
1, 397
235
-3 6 4

$10,341
494
8,351
(11,823)
6,880
955
918
3,070
1,899
863
1,370
258
-8 2 4

$10,336
520
9,100
(11,719)
6,751
1,032
1,276
2, 659
1,817
1,087
1,430
263
-7 2 5

$10, 506
525
9,603
(10,305)
5,315
1,336
1, 776
1,878
1,702
1,199
1, 532
320

-7 85

35, 532

34, 575

35, 547

34,907




M E SSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

M ilitary personnel costs for the active forces, which include pay,
allowances, subsistence, clothing, and related items, will be the same
in the fiscal year 1957 as in 1956.
Retention of trained and experienced personnel is one of the most
difficult problems confronting the armed services today. Every
reasonable measure must be taken to increase the attractiveness of a
service career. Therefore, I am again recommending legislation to
provide added incentives for the members of our Armed Forces. M y
principal proposals are for the uniform provision of medical care for
dependents, adequate and equitable benefits for survivors, improved
career inducements for medical personnel, and reasonable rentals for
those occupying substandard Government quarters. This budget also
provides for a proposed increase in the proportion of career officers to
total officer personnel.
The cost of operation and maintenance will rise in the fiscal year
1957, notwithstanding a decrease in the number of civilian personnel.
M ajor reasons for the higher costs are (1) the greater number of air
bases, radar sites, and other installations which must be supported
in the coming fiscal year, (2) the sizable increase in the numbers of
weapons and amount of equipment which must be operated and main­
tained, and (3) the growing complexity of new weapons and equip­
ment.
M ajor procurement and production expenditures in the fiscal year
1957 will be about the same as in the current fiscal year. However,
there will be a shift in emphasis within this total in line with the
policy of modernizing our forces.
Approximately 6.8 billion dollars is estimated for procurement of
aircraft, chiefly for the Air Force and the Navy. The accelerated
production programs for the B -5 2 long-range jet bomber and the
F-101 and F -104 supersonic interceptors will be continued in the
fiscal year 1957* In addition, there will be substantial procurement
of the N a vy ’s new supersonic F -8 U fighter.
Expenditures for the procurement of guided missiles will be the
highest in our history, increasing by more than one-third over 1956
and about double the amount spent for this purpose during 1955.
Expenditures for electronic and communications equipment will
remain high during the fiscal year 1957, to meet the needs for conti­
nental defense and our combat forces. Expenditures for ammunition,
com bat vehicles, trucks, and other major equipment items, will con­
tinue to decline because our requirements have now been met in large
part.
This budget provides for continuation of the N avy shipbuilding
program at a slightly higher level than in the fiscal year 1956 in order
to carry forward the modernization of the fleet, most of which was

m 25

m26




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

built during W orld W ar II. In addition to those already authorized
b y the Congress, there is included in the proposed shipbuilding pro­
gram for 1957 the construction of a sixth carrier of the Forrestal class,
additional nuclear-powered submarines, guided-missile destroyers
and frigates, and an experimental nuclear-powered cruiser. Provision
is also made for developing a practical nuclear powerplant for future
installation in ships of the large carrier class. Conversion of ships
now in the fleet will be undertaken to provide them with additional
nuclear weapons and with guided missile capabilities, and to permit
them to operate modern high-speed aircraft.
M ilitary public works will continue slightly below the level of the
current year. This budget provides for the construction in the fiscal
year 1957 of facilities associated with the continental air defense
system, including Nike sites; further additions to the aircraft warning
systems, including the Distant Early Warning Line; guided missile
facilities; and air bases for the N avy and Air Force.
Expenditures for our Reserve components in the fiscal year 1957 will
be considerably greater than in 1956, reflecting an increase during
the year of about 130,000 reservists in drill pay status and further
expansion of facilities for the Reserve forces. The number of Reserve
personnel engaged in regularly paid drills is expected to increase to 1.1
million b y the end of 1957. In addition, this budget provides for 6
m onths’ active duty training under the Reserve Forces A ct of 1955
for about 80,000 Reserve forces personnel.
Research and development expenditures will be somewhat higher
in the fiscal year 1957 than in the current year. M ajor emphasis will
be placed on projects related to guided missiles, continental air defense,
and to the application of nuclear energy for the propulsion of air­
craft and ships. It is m y belief that increased returns in military
research and development can be obtained through a relatively stable
program at approximately the present level which can utilize effec­
tively our scientific and technological resources. M ilitary research
and development now engages a substantial proportion of the scientists
and engineers employed in research and development in the Nation.
Care must be exercised in selecting the projects to be supported, and
efforts must be concentrated on those of high priority.
Continued progress has been made during the past year in improving
the management of the Department of Defense. The Secretary of
Defense is giving careful study to the recommendations of the Commis­
sion on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government and
its task forces on defense activities. Some of these recommendations
have already been put into effect; in certain other cases, they have
been adopted in modified form, consistent with the objectives of the
Commission report. Responsibility for supplying all food, which




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

costs 1.2 billion dollars annually, has been placed under the Secretary
of the Army. A single food-supply system for bulk procurement and
storage will eliminate duplicate storage facilities and costly crosshauling. The three military departments have also been directed to
undertake joint planning and utilization of all the health and medical
resources of the Department of Defense.
Financial management has been made more effective b y increasing
the scope of stock funds. These funds currently cover inventories of
over 8.2 billion dollars, and their coverage will be expanded. Stock
funds are used to buy supplies and equipment, and to control in­
ventories centrally. Each of the services then meets its needs by
purchasing from this central stock. This method makes possible a
better distribution of supplies and equipment with a minimum
inventory. It encourages cost consciousness throughout each of the
services. As a result, in the last 3 fiscal years 2.5 billion dollars
have been recovered from the stock funds as inventories were re­
duced. Further reductions in inventories this year will make avail­
able additional surplus capital of 785 million dollars in the Army,
Navy, and Marine Corps stock funds. This surplus is applied in
this budget to reduce the amount of new authority to incur obligations
which would otherwise be required for the fiscal year 1957.
Industrial funds are being used to serve the same kind of businesslike
purpose in commercial- and industrial-type installations. During the
fiscal year 1957 industrial fund financing will be extended to additional
activities in each of the services. This will greatly increase the
volume of business, currently amounting to about 1.8 billion dollars,
conducted under such funds.

Civil defense.— The key to our civil defense is the expanded conti­
nental defense program, including the distant early warning system.
Additional progress has been made in the civil defense program under
the Federal Civil Defense Administration, whose expenditures are
classified with those for civil disasters in the commerce and housing sec­
tion of the budget. Comprehensive studies are being conducted
jointly by the Federal Civil Defense Administration, the States, and
critical target cities to determine the best procedures that can be
adopted in case of an atomic attack. Such planning has vital national
importance and parallels the necessity for maintaining a strong
military establishment.
This budget provides for a strengthened effort on the part of the
Federal Government to assist the States and cities in devising the
most effective common defense. It includes funds to extend civil
defense preparations in more metropolitan target zones in accordance
with recent recommendations of a special committee on civil defense.

M27

m 28




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Funds also are included to accelerate procurement of field-type
emergency hospitals and increase stockpiles of medical and radiolog­
ical supplies.

Development and control oj atomic energy.— W e have long sought
and we continue to seek, jointly with other nations, means to banish
the threat of nuclear warfare which still confronts the world. Pending
a trustworthy agreement, however, we must continue to increase our
nuclear weapons stockpile which, together with the means of delivery,
is the principal deterrent to armed aggression in the world. A t the
same time, we shall speed the development of the peaceful uses of
atomic energy and make the resulting benefits, under appropriate
controls, available to other nations for the well-being of all mankind.
T o this end we continue to hope that an international atomic energy
agency will be established at an early date.
The United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of A tom ic
Energy at Geneva last summer, which grew out of a proposal b y the
United States, not only facilitated the exchange of technical informa­
tion but served to emphasize the great promise of atomic energy
for peace.
So that we m ay further demonstrate this great promise, I recom­
mend again that the Congress take early action to authorize the
construction of a nuclear-powered ship, using an atomic propulsion
plant already developed, which will carry the message of “ Atom s for
Peace” to the ports of the world. The Atom ic Energy^Commission
has sufficient funds available for construction and installation of
the propulsion plant and machinery, and I shall request additional
funds for the fiscal year 1956 for the Department of Commerce for
construction of a suitable hull.
Total expenditures for atomic energy in 1957 are estimated at 1.9
billion dollars, 230 million dollars more than in 1956.
Operating expenditures will increase from 1.4 billion dollars in the
fiscal year 1956 to 1.6 billion dollars in 1957. Greater quantities of
uranium ores and concentrates will be purchased. Production from
the Commission’s plants will increase but at reduced unit costs as the
expanded facilities, soon to be completed, come into full operation.
Research and development work in numerous areas, both civilian
and military, will be expanded.
Capital expenditures in the fiscal year 1957 are expected to decline
somewhat from 1956 levels. I shall propose to the Congress legisla­
tion to authorize new construction in 1957, principally for improve­




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

ments to increase the efficiency, capacity, and safety of production
plants and for research and development facilities.
The civilian applications of nuclear energy will receive even greater
attention, not only in terms of Government expenditures, but also
through the Commission’s efforts to stimulate more participation and
investment by private and public groups, particularly in the develop­
ment of atomic power. As such participation increases, the share of
power development costs financed b y the Government should decrease.
As part of its encouragement of the development of atomic power, the
Commission plans in 1957 to continue specialized training of nuclear
engineers and to expand its support of the training of nuclear en­
gineers through fellowships and through provision of specialized train­
ing equipment to a number of universities. The Commission will also
construct a special reactor for use by the Department of Defense in
developing methods for preserving food through irradiation.
Great emphasis is being placed on the development of a larger
variety of nuclear propulsion plants. T o this end, funds are included
under proposed legislation for additional developmental facilities at
the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho.
The Atom ic Energy Commission will also step up research on con­
trolled thermonuclear reactions as new discoveries may justify. This
program, while long range, gives promise of yet greater dimensions to
the potential peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Continuing progress in basic research is fundamental to further
advances in nuclear energy. The Commission will increase in the
fiscal year 1957 its support of basic research in the physical and life
sciences, including development and design studies of high-energy
particle accelerators. The 1957 construction program will include
new buildings at three of the Commission’s laboratories.

Stockpiling and dejense production expansion.— As a result of the
financial assistance provided under the Defense Production Act,
substantially increased supplies of aluminum, copper, nickel, and other
strategic materials are now available both for industry and for the
national stockpile. T o assure continued flexible authority for mobili­
zation preparedness to meet future emergencies, I recommend exten­
sion of the Defense Production Act for 2 years.
An increasing number of stockpile objectives are being filled.
M oreover, the high level of industrial activity has reduced the avail­
ability of some materials for stockpiling and required diversion of
part of the new supply of a few materials to meet shortages in key

M29

m 30




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

industries. As a result, net expenditures for the stockpile and for
defense production expansion are expected to decline from 713 million
dollars in the fiscal year 1956 to 378 million dollars in 1957. N o new
authority to incur obligations is recommended for the fiscal year 1957,
since sufficient authority is already available for continued rapid prog­
ress toward completion of established minimum objectives and for
limited procurement to maintain essential elements of the mobiliza­
tion base.
Under the administration’s policy of finding constructive uses for
our surplus agricultural commodities, strategic materials are being
acquired by barter transactions with foreign suppliers. The D epart­
ment of Agriculture plans to acquire additional strategic materials by
barter during 1957. In the fiscal years 1956 and 1957, expenditures
amounting to about 65 million dollars will be made under the appro­
priations for stockpiling to reimburse the Department of Agriculture
for materials added to the national stockpile.

Mutual Security Program.— Through the M utual Security Program
we shall continue to work jointly with our friends and allies in build­
ing and maintaining the defensive and economic strength of the free
world. This long-range program, which includes military, economic,
and technical assistance, is essential to our national security. Our
assistance supplements the major efforts of other free nations, who
themselves are bearing a large proportion of the total cost of our joint
efforts. I shall subsequently transmit to the Congress m y specific
requests for authorization of appropriations for the fiscal year 1957
M utual Security Program. These requests will cover m y recom ­
mendations for military assistance and direct forces support, dis­
cussed in this section of the message, as well as for economic, tech­
nical, and other programs which are discussed in the international
affairs and finance section.
Expenditures for the total Mutual Security Program in the fiscal
year 1957 are estimated at 4.3 billion dollars, about 100 million
dollars more than in 1956. Recommended new authority to incur
obligations is 4.9 billion dollars, an increase of 2.2 billion dollars
over the 2.7 billion dollars enacted for 1956. Requested new obliga­
tional authority for 1957 exceeds estimated expenditures for 1957 b y
approximately 600 million dollars reflecting the amount for addi­
tional funding of long lead-time items for delivery in future years.
Wherever possible, foreign currency proceeds from the sale of
surplus agricultural products abroad under the Agriculture Trade and
Developm ent A ct will be used to meet mutual security objectives.




M ESSAG E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

M UTUAL

S E C U R IT Y

[Fiscal years.

PROGRAM

I n m illions]

Recom ­
mended new
obligational
1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
authority
mated
mated
for 1957

Net budget expenditures
1955
actual

Military, including direct forces support:
____ _____
Present programs
_
-- _ ______
Proposed legislation
- __
_________
Economic, technical, and other:1
Present programs ____________________________________
Proposed legislation
_____ _____
______ ______
T otal____ _____________________ _____ ______________

$2,292

1,927

$2,464

1,726

$2,100
400

$3,000

1,202
590

4,219

4,190

1,860

4,292

* 4,860

1 Discussed in the international affairs and finance section of this message.
2 Compares with new obligational authority of 2,781 million dollars in 1955 and
1956.

2,703 million dollars in
Excludes an estimated 130 million dollars of authorizations to use existing balances.

Mutual Security Program, military.— The program of military assist­
ance for the fiscal year 1957 is planned primarily to continue equipping
and training forces which we have helped develop and strengthen over
the past years. Total expenditures for military assistance and direct
forces support in the fiscal year 1957 are estimated at approximately
the current rate of 2.5 billion dollars annually. T o carry forward
these programs, I am recommending new obligational authority of
3 billion dollars. Within this amount, 445 million dollars is requested
for direct forces support in the fiscal year 1957 to supply items such as
petroleum, rations, uniforms, and military construction services
directly to the military forces of our allies.
In the fiscal years 1955 and 1956, the backlog of unexpended
balances made it possible to maintain an adequate level of expendi­
tures and deliveries while the amount of new authority to incur
obligations was reduced. The backlog of unexpended balances for
military assistance (including reservations for common-item orders)
is being reduced from a total of 7.7 billion dollars at the beginning
of the fiscal year 1955 to an estimated 4.5 billion dollars at the end
of the current fiscal year. If deliveries of military equipment are to
be maintained at the current rate, as I believe they must be, this level
of unexpended balances should not now be further reduced.
Our planning for the future includes helping to provide modern
weapons that the forces which we help support can effectively use.
In view of the long lead-time required, funds must be made available
in advance so that the necessary negotiations and planning may be
undertaken and procurement initiated for complex items such as jet
aircraft, missiles, and electronics systems. Hence, for the fiscal year

m32




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

1957, I am requesting new authority to incur obligations somewhat
above the projected level of expenditures. Deliveries of equipment
and the expenditure of funds will necessarily be spread over a number
of years as defense plans involving modern weapons are completed
and as our allies demonstrate their readiness to support a modern
defense system adequately.
M y recommendations will enable us to provide our N A TO partners
with the modern defense weapons and equipment which we are fur­
nishing in increasing numbers to our own N A T O forces in Europe.
Although many European countries are now in a position to finance a
greater share of the cost of maintaining their existing forces, they will
require continuing help if our common defense effort is to be strength­
ened b y modern weapons and techniques.
A bout one-half of the fiscal year 1957 program will be concentrated
in Korea, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Turkey. The program will provide
for necessary replacements and effective maintenance of materiel
furnished in past years, and will also permit the further training of
existing forces. In addition, we will continue to supply basic military
equipment where necessary to strengthen further defensive capabilities
in the Far and M iddle East. Likewise, we will continue to provide
moderate amounts of equipment to help maintain certain military
units of our friends in Latin America who are cooperating in the
development of hemispheric defenses.
I N T E R N A T IO N A L A F F A IR S A N D F IN A N C E

The international programs which I am recommending for the fiscal
year 1957 will vigorously carry forward our fundamental national
policy to maintain peace and help build a strong, prosperous, and uni­
fied community of free nations.
During this past year, the United States has made positive new
proposals aimed at relaxing international tensions. But it remains
clear that the search for lasting peace will require patience, strength,
and continued vigilance.
W e will persist in exploring every possible means of solving the
difficult problems which continue to divide the world. Meanwhile,
we must further strengthen and improve the system of collective
security. M oreover, it is of the utmost importance that, in coop­
eration with other free nations, we proceed steadily with long-range,
positive programs to sustain and improve the conditions of human
well-being which are necessary if peace with freedom is to endure.
T o accomplish these objectives, I am proposing expenditures of 2.1
billion dollars in the fiscal year 1957 for our international programs.

m33

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

IN T E R N A T IO N A L

A F F A IR S

[Fiscal years.

AND

F IN A N C E

In millions]
Expenditures

Program or agency
1955
actual

Grpss budget expenditures:
Economic and technical development:
Mutual Security Program (defense support, devel­
opment assistance, technical cooperation, and
other):
Present programs
__
Proposed legislation. . _
Investment guaranty program _
- _
Export-import Bank...
_______ _
International Finance Corporation
Refugee relief_____ __________ __________
Civil assistance (Department of D e f e n s e ) _____
Emergency commodity assistance (Department of
Agriculture) __
. _
_
_ _
Other.______ __ _____ ____ .. _____ _ _ _____ _
Foreign information and exchange activities:
- _
United States Information Agency__
Department of State _
_
_ _
Emergency fund for international affairs _ .
Conduct of foreign affairs (Department of State and
others).
_
_
__
___ __
_ ____ __

Recom­
mended new
obligational
1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
authority
mated
mated
for 1957

$1,928

$1, 725

$1, 200
590

3
229

6

32

4
276
35
13
3

91
3

186
13

192
33

89

84
14

86

104
18

135

18

2

6

2

121

131

143

215

Total ____ .
__ ______
_ ______________
Deduct applicable receipts:
Export-import Bank
_ _
_
__
__
Investment guaranty program _____ ______ __ _ ___
______ __ _. Department of Agriculture___ _

2, 514

2,497

2, 591

2 2, 332

330
4

361
4
79

391
4
89

Net budget expenditures___________ ___ _ __ _____________

2,181

2,053

2,108

8

i $1, 860

291
11
2

8
2

2

20

1 Excludes 45 million dollars of authorizations to use existing balances.
2 Compares with newTobligational authority of 2,304 million dollars in 1955 and 2,118 million dollars in 1956.

Mutual Security Program, economic.— M y recommendations for con­
tinuing military assistance under the Mutual Security Program were
discussed previously, and the amounts involved were included as
part of our major national security activities. Some of the countries
to which we provide military assistance, however, do not have the
economic capacity to support effective defensive forces which are
necessary to our mutual security. W e must continue to provide
assistance to such countries to enable them to support the greater
defensive strength that is our common goal. It is particularly im­
portant that we continue to help those nations which require assist­
ance in order to participate effectively in regional collective security
arrangements, notably those in Asia. This budget, therefore, in­
cludes funds for carrying on the defense support program in critical
areas in southern Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast
Asia, and the Far East.

360000— 56-------in




m34




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

The development of military strength as a deterrent to aggression,
however, meets only a part of the challenge which faces the free world.
Because the conditions of poverty and unrest in less developed areas
make their people a special target of international communism, there
is a need to help them achieve the economic growth and stability
necessary to preserve their independence against Communist threats
and enticements.
For our assistance to be as effective as possible, it must be based
upon a realistic appraisal of potentialities for economic development
and a careful determination of priorities among the many pressing
needs in the less developed areas. M y recommendations for the
M utual Security Program include funds for continuing selective loans
and grants to certain less developed countries following experience
gained in past years.
I am also recommending continuation of the worldwide technical
cooperation program at a slightly increased level. Technical coopera­
tion is an indispensable element in the successful attack which is
being made on the basic problems of hunger, disease, and illiteracy.
Through the efforts of American experts working in cooperating
countries and by the training of foreign technicians in the United
States, the knowledge and experience of our people are being shared
in a cooperative effort to solve fundamental problems in health,
education, public administration, agriculture, and industry which
confront less developed countries. B y these means we are helping
to provide the skills which are required for economic development.
In addition to continuing our own technical cooperation program,
m y recommendations provide for our annual contribution to the
expanded technical assistance program of the United Nations and to
the similar work of the Organization of American States.
W e shall also continue and expand in the fiscal year 1957 our inter­
national program to provide training in the peaceful uses of atomic
energy. Funds for this purpose are included in this budget as part
of the Mutual Security Program.
Provision should be made for further contributions for the relief and
rehabilitation of refugees from Palestine. In view of the current
unrest in the Near East, our continued support is essential both for
humanitarian reasons and to assist in achieving peace and stability
in the area.
The budget also includes amounts for the escapee program and for
contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee for European
M igration and the United Nations Refugee Fund, which aid in the
relief and resettlement of refugees from behind the Iron Curtain and
in emigration from Europe.
I shall recommend effective flexibility in the use of funds under the
M utual Security Program to enable us to respond to new situations




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

which may arise. I also consider it essential that the Mutual Security
A ct be amended to assure greater continuity in providing economic
assistance for development projects and programs which we approve
and which require a period of years for planning and completion.
Accordingly, I shall ask for limited authority to make longer term
commitments for assistance for such projects, to be fulfilled from
appropriations made in future years.
In furtherance of our basic foreign economic policy objective of
stimulating international trade and investment, I am requesting a
review of existing legislation to determine whether changes will be
necessary to permit an expansion of the investment guaranty program.
Under this program, private United States investors m ay be guaran­
teed against loss of their foreign investments or earnings through
expropriation or inconvertibility of foreign currencies. The number
of private investors and foreign governments participating in this
program has steadily increased. W e also need to encourage invest­
ment overseas b y avoiding unfair tax duplications, and to foster foreign
trade b y further simplification and improvement of our customs
legislation.

Export-import Bank.— The E xport-im port Bank is assisting in the
expansion of international trade and investment through direct loans
and guaranties of private loans. Its loan and guaranty commitments
are estimated at 960 million dollars in the fiscal year 1957, an increase
of 255 million dollars over the previous year. Because of greater
participation in loans by commercial banks and other sources of
private capital, direct Federal disbursements in the fiscal year 1957
are estimated at less than one-third of the total new commitments.
Repayments on loans made in prior years are expected to exceed dis­
bursements from E xport-im port Bank funds, thus providing esti­
mated net receipts of 100 million dollars. Sales of portions of the
existing loan portfolio to private financial institutions may increase
this return.
Foreign injormation and exchange activities.— The present inter­
national situation has made the work of the United States Information
Agency increasingly vital to our national interest. I consider it of
paramount importance that we expand our effort to bring the truth
before the people of the world, explain our peaceful objectives, and
show in its true light the Communist attempt to divide and destroy
free world unity.
T o this end, I strongly recommend that appropriations for our
information program be increased by 48 million dollars from the
level in the current fiscal year. This increase will provide for ex­

m 35

m36




M E S S A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

panded use of overseas exhibits and other techniques to emphasize
such subjects as our Atoms for Peace program, our proposals for
mutual aerial inspection as a first step toward disarmament, and
the many scientific and cultural achievements b y which progressive
capitalism under free, representative government is contributing to a
peaceful, prosperous world. Overseas libraries will be expanded, and
increased emphasis will be given to supplying books to foreign readers
at low prices. Where appropriate, the program will capitalize on the
effectiveness of television.
I am recommending a modest increase in appropriations for the
educational exchange programs of the Department of State which con­
stitute a basic element of our long-term effort to attain a better mutual
understanding with other peoples of the world. These programs bring
to this country leaders of public opinion and facilitate the mutual
exchange of students, teachers, and research scholars. In addition to
appropriated funds, part of the foreign currencies received from the
sale of surplus agricultural commodities abroad will be used to meet
certain overseas costs of educational exchange.
W ith the financial support of the President’s Emergency Fund for
International Affairs, we have sponsored, in cooperation with private
industry, agricultural and industrial exhibits at international trade
fairs which have effectively demonstrated the achievements of private
enterprise in a free economy. Similarly, our cultural achievements
have been presented throughout the world by American actors,
dancers, and musicians during the past year. These trade fair and
cultural presentations have been enthusiastically received abroad and
have contributed significantly to a better understanding of our values
and objectives as a nation. In view of the effectiveness of these
activities, legislation will be recommended to authorize them on a
continuing basis.

Conduct of foreign affairs.— The Department of State is not now
adequately equipped with either the staff or facilities which are re­
quired if it is to provide the timely, informed, and coordinated policy
guidance which is vital to the success of our total international effort.
I strongly recommend, therefore, that the Congress enact the requested
increase of 89 million dollars in the appropriations for the Department
of State for the fiscal year 1957.
A substantial part of this increase is for construction of an extension
to the present Department of State building. This extension will per­
mit all the Washington staff of the Department, including the Inter­
national Cooperation Administration, to be accommodated in a single
building rather than scattered, as at present, among 30 separate build­
ings. In addition, my recommendations include funds to cover costs




M ESSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

in the first year of a long-range program to provide adequate physical
facilities, including housing, for our diplomatic and consular establish­
ments abroad.
Steps are already underway to strengthen the staff of the Depart­
ment. This budget provides for further improvements, as well as
for carrying forward the recruitment, training, employee benefit, and
other programs initiated during the past 2 years. Increases are also
proposed to permit the prompt and efficient discharge of our expanding
consular responsibilities and to provide for the collection of more com­
prehensive commercial and economic data needed by American busi­
nessmen and Government agencies.
T o provide for closer international economic cooperation and con­
tinued expansion of United States trade abroad, it is particularly im­
portant that our membership in the Organization for Trade Coopera­
tion be approved. While this will not alter congressional control of
our tariff, import, and customs policies, it will help us to remove dis­
criminations against American exports and further strengthen our ties
with other nations of the free world.
V E TE R A N S’ SERVICES AND BENEFITS

The greatest portion of budget expenditures for veterans is for direct
benefits, such as compensation and pensions, indemnity payments,
readjustment benefits, and hospital and medical care. These direct
benefit costs have been increasing. A t the same time overhead costs
are being reduced through improved administration.
Budget expenditures for veterans’ programs are estimated to total
4.9 billion dollars in the fiscal year 1957, 86 million dollars more than
in 1956 and 422 million dollars more than in 1955.
W e now have more than 22 million veterans. When benefits for
dependents and survivors are considered, nearly one-half of our popula­
tion is potentially entitled to veterans’ benefits.
Therefore, continuing and careful attention must be given to
veterans’ services and benefits. These services and benefits will be
increasingly significant as the veteran population ages, because benefit
entitlement resulting from non-service-connected infirmities associated
with advancing age will replace eligibility for service-connected bene­
fits as the m ajor factor in the cost of veterans’ programs.
The Congress and the public will want to join with this adminis­
tration in giving careful consideration to the findings of the Commis­
sion on Veterans’ Pensions which I appointed to study this problem.
This Commission, which will report later this year, is reviewing
thoroughly the relation of the existing nonmedical programs for
veterans to each other and to the numerous civil benefits which the
Nation now provides for the aged, the needy, the infirm, and the
disabled— both veterans and^others.

M37

m38




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Steps to relate military service survivor benefits to old-age and
survivors insurance benefits are already underway in a bill pending
before the Congress. The additional cost of this legislation for those
receiving veterans’ benefits is provided in this section of the budget.
The estimates of military expenditures, under proposed legislation,
include an amount to cover the Government’s share, as employer, of
the old-age and survivors insurance contribution.
VETERANS’

S E R V IC E S

[Fiscal years.

AND

B E N E F IT S

In millions]

•
1955
actual

Gross budget expenditures:
Readjustment benefits:
Education and training________________________
Loan guaranty and other benefits (Veterans
Administration)_______________________ ________
Unemployment compensation (Department of
Labor)____ _____________________ ____ __________
Compensation and pensions:
Present programs____________ ____________________
Proposed legislation____ __________________ _______
Hospital and medical care:
Current expenses__________________________________
Hospital construction_____________________________
Insurance and servicemen’s indemnities. .........................
Other services and administration (Veterans Adminis­
tration and others)__________________________________

Recom ­
mended new
obligational
authority
1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
mated
mated
for 1957

Expenditures

Program or agency

$664

$725

$726

$724

43

46

50

51

106

115

118

118

2,681

2,818

2,907
30

2,907
45

692
36
67

757
41
127

758
57
80

762
53
57

207

211

208

175

T o t a l -- ....................................................... .................... .
Deduct applicable receipts:
Insurance programs (Veterans Administration)________
Other services and administration (Veterans Adminis­
tration, primarily canteen services)............. - ............ .

4,496

4,839

4,934

» 4,892

10

17

25

29

29

30

Net budget expenditures____________________ _____________

4,457

4,793

4,879

i Compares with new obligational authority of 4,369 million dollars in 1955 and 4,805 million dollars in 1956.

Readjustment benefits.— A year ago, I issued a proclamation termi­
nating accrual of eligibility for various wartime benefits. While it
is still necessary to draft individuals for service in our Armed Forces,
this service at present imposes neither the hazards of conflict nor as
serious a disruption of education and other preparation for civilian
life as was imposed upon our combat servicemen. The forthcoming
report of the Commission on Veterans’ Pensions will provide a useful
framework for further consideration of the needs of our servicemen
for readjustment benefits under present conditions.
The program of readjustment benefits for W orld W ar II veterans
is drawing to a close. W orld W ar II veterans will account for less
than 7 percent of the 1957 readjustment expenditures of the Veterans




M E SS A G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

Administration. For most of these veterans, unemployment com ­
pensation rights ended July 25, 1952, and educational programs will
cease July 25, 1956. The ending of the loan guaranty program on
July 25, 1957, will bring to a close a third major program. In each
case, the law has set a termination date which establishes a proper
balance between the nature of the benefit and a reasonable time for
using it.
The timeliness and aptness of our veterans’ readjustment programs
are attested in m any ways. Under the “ G I b ill/’ 7.8 million W orld
W ar II veterans have received education and 4.5 million have acquired
homes. Practically all W orld War II veterans have assumed their
civilian status in our economy and share equitably in the general
prosperity. As a group, they have made the transition from military
to civilian life and do not require extension of these readjustment
benefits. For those few individuals who have not completed the
change to civilian life in 10 years, approaches other than veterans’
readjustment benefits seem to be indicated.
The education and training of Korean veterans will account for the
bulk of the readjustment benefit expenditures during 1957. The
average of 540,000 veterans in training under this program during the
year will be the highest for any year.
Loan guaranty expenditures are estimated to increase slightly,
requiring 38 million dollars for acquisition of properties and for losses
on defaulted loans. It is expected that 640,000 new loans, totaling
7.3 billion dollars, will be guaranteed or insured during the fiscal year.
As in the past, nearly all will be for housing. This program will
continue until 1965 for veterans of the Korean conflict.
Veterans who served in the Armed Forces during the period June 27,
1950, to January 31, 1955, are eligible for unemployment compensa­
tion under Federal law. These benefits are estimated at 118 million
dollars in the fiscal year 1957.

Compensation and pensions.— The most important elements in the
continuing upward trend in expenditures for veterans’ programs are
compensation and pensions. Under existing legislation, significant
increases in the cost of these direct payments may be anticipated
annually until the end of this century, when payments may be twice
their present yearly total of nearly 3 billion dollars. This long-term
outlook arises chiefly from the very large number of veterans who may
become entitled to pension benefits not connected with disabilities
arising from their service.
In the fiscal year 1957, expenditures are estimated to increase .119
million dollars as a result of three factors. The largest is the increased
number of pensions paid to veterans of W orld War I and their depend­

m 39

m40




M E S S A G E OF T H E P R E S I D E N T

ents. These pensions are non-service-connected benefits granted
widows in financial need or needy veterans with disabilities which
prevent them from following a substantially gainful occupation.
Expenditures for these programs have doubled since 1950 and may
double again in the next 5 years if the current trend continues.
R ecently discharged veterans of the Korean conflict and of peace­
time service who have service-connected disabilities are a second
source of growth in compensation and pension expenditures. It is
estimated that about 35,000 new cases will be added to the disability
compensation rolls during the next fiscal year.
Third, under the pending legislation to provide old-age and survivors
insurance benefits to survivors of military personnel, many widows
and children now receiving veterans’ benefits would be eligible for in­
creased compensation payments. These increased benefits would be
partially offset by decreased payments from the veterans’ indemnity
and insurance appropriations. In the fiscal year 1957, the net addi­
tional expenditures are estimated at 30 million dollars, but in sub­
sequent years this amount is expected to be somewhat lower.
During the fiscal year 1957 almost 3 billion dollars of compensation
and pensions will be paid to approximately 2.8 million veterans, plus
the survivors of over 850,000 deceased veterans. M ore than 10 per­
cent of the veterans of W orld War II will be receiving compensation
payments totaling 1 billion dollars for service-connected disabilities.
A bout 20 percent of the veterans of W orld War I will draw non-serviceconnected pensions in the fiscal year 1957. The possible trend is
indicated b y the fact that 85 percent of the living veterans of earlier
wars will draw such pensions.

Hospitals and medical care.— Veterans’ hospital and medical ex­
penses will continue to rise through the fiscal year 1957 as the number
of patients in Veterans Administration hospitals is expected to increase
1.4 percent over 1956 to a daily average of 111,500. Almost twothirds of these hospital patients and most of the 17,000 veterans in
Veterans Administration homes are receiving treatment for condi­
tions which are not related to their military service.
Outpatient care, which is only for service-connected conditions, is
expected to be somewhat below the levels of 1955 and 1956. The
number of medical and dental examinations and treatments is esti­
mated to be 2,398,000 in 1957, a decline of 20,000 from 1956.
I recommend the enactment of 53 million dollars of new authority
to incur obligations for construction and improvements at Veterans
Administration facilities. About one-half of this amount is for
urgently needed replacement of a major part of one mental hospital
and for preparation of architectural plans for replacement of four




M41

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

500-bed general medical hospitals. The other half provides for addi­
tional modernization and improvement work at existing facilities.

Insurance and servicemen’s indemnities.— Budget expenditures under
this heading are primarily for indemnities to survivors of servicemen
who die during active duty and for reimbursements to the life insurance
trust funds for claims traced to military hazards. These expenditures
are estimated at 80 million dollars in the fiscal year 1957. This amount
is substantially lower than in 1956, when a large number of insurance
settlements were made for servicemen previously reported missing
during hostilities in Korea.
VETERANS’

L IF E

IN S U R A N C E

TRUST

FU N DS

(B ased o n existing legislation)
[Fiscal years.

I n m illions]

1955
actual

Item

Balance in funds at start of year____________________________________
Receipts:
Transfers from general and special accounts. ________ _______
Interest on investments. _ _ _______ _ _ _ _ _
_____
_____
Premiums and other. _ __ _ __ __ - ._ -- _________
T o t a l _______ _________________

__

T o t a l...

______________ _________________

Net accumulation_______ __________ _____

______ __

$6,587

$6,701

.

..

Balance in funds at close of year___________ ______________ _________

28

81

200

201

441

438

24
205
446

721

675

179
443

- ___
__

_______ __

$6 541
,

1957
estimated

68
6

__________________

Payments:
Dividends to policyholders____ _ _________________
_
Benefits and other________ ______ _ __ _ _. ________

1956
estimated

183
423

170
423

622

606

593

46

114

82

6,587

6,701

6,783

Trust funds .— Insurance protection of over 38 billion dollars is pro­
vided through nearly 6 million national service and United States
Government life insurance policies. The number of these policies in
force has steadily declined, as issuance of additional insurance was
ended in 1951. During the past calendar year, 25,000 policies matured
and 319,000 were terminated.
Transactions of these trust funds are excluded from budget receipts
and expenditures. For the fiscal year 1957, cash receipts will exceed
disbursements on policies held by W orld War II veterans, while benefit
payments will exceed premiums on insurance held b y the older age
groups. The net accumulation is reserved for future claims.

m 42




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

LABOR AN D W ELFARE

The labor and welfare programs of the Government contribute
notably to the achievement of our objectives of greater human well­
being and a growing economy. These programs are designed to pro­
mote individual opportunity and foster self-reliance by assisting in
the improvement and protection of people’s health, the promotion of
education and research, the training and placement of workers, the
rehabilitation of the disabled, and the provision of security against
economic want.
M ost of the labor, health, education, and welfare services are ad­
ministered by the States and their subdivisions. In fact, fourfifths of the 3 billion dollars of budget expenditures estimated for
labor and welfare in the fiscal year 1957 is for grants to State and
local governments. Outside the regular Federal budget, substantial
benefits are provided through the social insurance and retirement trust
funds.
Budget expenditures for labor and welfare in the fiscal year 1957
are an estimated 228 million dollars greater than in the current fiscal
year, and 442 million dollars higher than actual expenditures in 1955.
The increase in 1957 stems largely from m y proposals to strengthen
and expand education, health, and research services substantially.
These budget recommendations will contribute greatly to the well­
being of all our people, both through those activities which relate
directly to individuals and families and those which operate indirectly
through improved community services and private enterprise.
In some instances, legislation will be required. M y legislative
recommendations therefore include measures to authorize assistance
to States for building schools, for promoting occupational safety, and
for reducing juvenile delinquency; a broad program for improvement
of the N ation’s health; completion of the program of poliomyelitis
immunization grants to States; continuance of the present Federal
formula for grants for State public assistance payments, with adjust­
ments for old-age insurance benefits in certain cases; and further
expansion of coverage of the old-age and survivors insurance system.
Under existing laws, I am recommending increased appropriations
directed mainly to the expansion of medical research, greater support
for basic scientific research and training, enlargement of protective
and preventive services in the fields of health and welfare, im prove­
ment of our labor and manpower services, and construction o f hospitals
and other necessary health and research facilities.




m 43

M E SSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

LABOR AN D
[Fiscal years.

W ELFARE
In m illions]
N e t b u d g et expenditures 1

P rogram or agency
1955
actual

R ecom ­
m ended new
obligational
au th ority
for 1957

1956 esti­
m ated

1957 esti­
m ated

$194

$230

$255

$265

64

87

81

81

70

78

82
2

83
2

______________________________________
1,428
____________ ______ ___________________
P rop osed legislation

1,490

1,314
166

1,330
166

96
65

120
83

127
130

28
5

20

labor and manpower:
U n e m p lo y m e n t com pen sation and em p lo y m e n t serv­
ice:
G rants to States (D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r ) ............... . . .
P a y m e n t to u n e m p lo y m e n t trust fu n d (T reasury
D e p a r tm e n t)_______________________________________
O ther:
Present program s _____________ ____________________
P rop osed le g is la t io n .___________ ___- ________________

Public assistance:
Present program

Promotion of public health:
N ation a l Institutes o f H e a lt h .____ ______________________
_________________________
H osp ital con stru ction grants
P o liom y elitis v accin ation grants:

79
73

Present program
_
___
P rop osed le g is la t io n ._______________________ ______ _

Other:
Present programs __ _________________ ________
Proposed legislation__________ _______________ ____
Promotion of education:

187

130

95

192
24

187
76

150

124

S ch ool con stru ction —general aid (proposed legislation ).
A ssistance for sch ool con stru ction in federally affected
areas:
P resent program
__________________________________
P ro p o se d le g is la tio n ..________________________________
Assistance for m aintenance and operation o f schools in
federally affected areas_____________________________ - V o cation al e d u ca tio n _______________ _____________________
D e p a rtm e n t o f the Interior and o t h e r s ____ ____________

2

376

59
5

88
79
34
65

85
31
76

85
34

78
34

63

68

10

16

31
18

41

6

25
16
36

24

General-purpose research, libraries, and museums:
N ation a l Science F ou n d ation :
R eg ular program s____________________________________
Internation al G eoph ysica l Y e a r __ _________________
D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce (Census B ureau and B ureau

(b
)

o f Standards)
_______________________ ______ ________
Libraries an d m u se u m s ___________ _____ _________________

34
11

Correctional and penal institutions.______________ _________
Other welfare services:

28

27
15
33

83
27

83
37

83
41

5

7

10

83
41
11

2,552

2,767

2,995

3 3,387

S chool lu n ch p r o g r a m ___________________________________
V oca tion a l r e h a b ilit a t io n ___ _________ __________________
O th e r_________________________________ ___________________
T o ta l

.................................... .................................................

48
52

i
A fter d ed u ctin g a pp licable receipts, p rim a rily for the M exica n farm labor su p p ly fu n d , o f 1 m illion
dollars in 1955 and 2 m illion dollars in 1956 and in 1957.
* C om pares w ith n ew obligational a u th ority o f 2,614 m illion dollars in 1955 and 2,807 m illion dollars in
1956.
» Less than one-half m illion dollars.

m44




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Labor and manpower.— Recently enacted legislation has resulted in
substantial improvements in the economic safeguards for workers.
M inimum wages set by Federal law have been raised from 75 cents to
1 dollar an hour, and coverage of the Federal-State unemployment
compensation system has been extended to employees of small firms
and o f the Federal Government. This budget provides for the
enforcement and administration of these improvements.
T o improve economic safeguards further, I recommend that the
Congress extend the protection of the minimum wage law to additional
workers. The facilities of the executive branch will be available to
assist the Congress in finding ways of achieving this goal. Legisla­
tion is also needed to raise benefits and provide more funds for
rehabilitation under the federally administered Longshoremen’s and
Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act. In addition, a system of
benefits for workers who are temporarily disabled from nonoccupational causes should be established in the District of Columbia. This
budget also provides for studies b y the Department of Labor to assist
the States in improving their workmen’s compensation laws.
In addition to improved workmen's compensation, we need effective
measures to advance occupational safety. Therefore, I recommend
that the Congress enact a new program to provide technical aid and
limited financial assistance to the States for promoting occupational
safety.
The current high level of general prosperity spotlights the adverse
economic plight of low-income rural areas and of urban areas with
persistent unemployment. As part of governmentwide efforts to
alleviate these problems, additional work will be done in the labor
and manpower field. This will include the designation of areas
eligible for special assistance, the provision of labor market informa­
tion, and vocational advice for individuals.
The 1957 budget recommendations for grants for administration of
the employment services and unemployment insurance provide for
stepping up job counseling and testing in the public employment
offices. For example, job counseling interviews will be increased
from 1.6 million in the fiscal year 1956 to 2 million in 1957. These
increased activities are aimed at better utilization of our labor force—with particular emphasis on placing the older and the handicapped
workers in jobs most suitable for them. Procedures for taking and
reviewing unemployment compensation claims will also be improved.
In addition, the budget estimate covers increases by the State gov­
ernments in salary rates for the State employees who administer this
program.




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

The Federal payment to the unemployment trust fund is estimated
at 81 million dollars in the fiscal year 1957. This is the part of the
Federal unemployment tax collections during the fiscal year 1956
which it is estimated will not be used for the unemployment insurance
and employment service program. Almost 50 million dollars of this
payment will be used to complete a reserve of 200 million dollars
available for loans to States which deplete their own reserves for
benefit payments. About 32 million dollars will be credited to the
unemployment trust accounts of the States.
During the current year significant improvements were authorized
in our labor and manpower statistics programs. This budget pro­
vides, at minor additional cost, for further improvements, particularly
in the consumer price index and in reports on labor turnover and cur­
rent employment.

Public assistance and old-age and survivors insurance.— Grants to
the States for old-age assistance and aid to dependent children, the
blind, and the totally disabled are estimated at 1.5 billion dollars in
the fiscal year 1957, the largest expenditure item in the welfare
category of the Federal budget.
Our welfare policies have a twofold emphasis: T o provide basic
economic protection for older people and for widowed mothers and
children through self-sustaining social insurance; and, where possible,
to prevent need as well as to relieve it. M y budget recommendations
for both existing and proposed programs reflect this emphasis.
Old-age and survivors insurance— financed through a trust fund
outside the regular budget— is now providing benefits at a rate of
more than 5 billion dollars a year to more than 6 million persons over
age 65 and to 1% million mothers and children. The number of
beneficiaries is growing. M ore than nine-tenths of all employed per­
sons in the country are now insured. Legislation should be enacted
to bring in the groups still excluded-—for example, employees of the
Federal Government.
For a large group of needy people not receiving OASI benefits,
public assistance remains the only public resource. One out of every
three people over 80 years of age is on the public assistance rolls, as
compared with only about 1 in every 10 in the age group 65 to 69
which, for the most part, has the insurance protection. T o avoid
hardship to present public assistance recipients, I propose that the
present formula for determining the Federal share of assistance
payments be temporarily extended. This will allow time to re­
appraise the need for the present high level of the Federal contribu­
tion to public assistance as the effects of the recent strengthening of
old-age and survivors insurance protection become more fully appar­

m45

m 46




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

ent. Meanwhile, to reflect the fact that more and more people are
becom ing eligible for old-age and survivors insurance benefits, I recom ­
mend legislation to fix at 50 percent the Federal share of supple­
mentary old-age assistance payments by the States to beneficiaries
o f this insurance who are added to the assistance rolls after the
fiscal year 1957.
The Federal Government should also do more to assist the States to
adopt preventive measures which will reduce need and increase selfhelp among those who depend upon public welfare. Likewise, special
provision should be made for improving medical care of public assist­
ance recipients through legislation to permit separate Federal matching
of State and local expenditures for this purpose.

Promotion oj public health.— One of the most important goals of this
administration is to assure continued progress in research, training,
and provision of health facilities so that the medical professions can
help the American people to enjoy better health. T o this end I am
proposing a substantial, yet orderly, expansion of our existing health
services and new measures necessary to fill significant gaps in the
N ation’s programs for promoting good health.
I again urge the Congress to act favorably and prom ptly on recom­
mendations made last year to provide mortgage insurance for the
construction of health facilities, to train health personnel, to expand
mental health programs, to abate water pollution, and to strengthen
State and local public health services.
In addition, provision should be made to assist the extension and
improvement of health insurance protection for our people. The
Congress has taken no action on m y legislative proposals to meet these
objectives. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare is
working on plans whereby private insurance organizations generally
m ay pool risks to cover abnormal losses possible under broader health
plans, and, if necessary, appropriate permissive legislation will be
recommended. Should this approach not be successful, a Federal
reinsurance service should receive renewed consideration.
I recommend also that the Congress enact legislation to authorize
Federal assistance for the construction of medical and dental research
and teaching facilities. Expansion of these facilities is necessary to
provide for a continuing increase in the medical research program of the
Nation, and will help our hard-pressed medical and dental schools to
provide better training for more students.
The law providing for a poliomyelitis immunization program,
which was enacted last year, should be extended beyond its present
expiration date of February 15, 1956. This budget includes, under
proposed legislation for the fiscal year 1956, the necessary funds to




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

complete the program of grants to assist States in the immunization
of children and expectant mothers.
Special services are needed to promote the health of our Indian
population and to assist the Territory of Alaska in dealing with the
problem o f mental health. I recommend legislation to authorize
construction of sanitation facilities on certain Indian reservations
and tribal lands. Legislation should be enacted also to transfer to
the Territorial Government of Alaska responsibility for care of the
mentally ill, with temporary Federal aid for building and operating
treatment centers.
I recommend the transfer of Freedmen’s Hospital to Howard
University, with provision for construction of a new teaching hospital.
For health legislation proposals, the total of additional expenditures
in the fiscal year 1957 is estimated at 44 million dollars.
Under presently existing legislation, budget expenditures for public
health programs other than the poliomyelitis vaccination grants are
estimated at 395 million dollars for the fiscal year 1957. A major
increase of 24 million dollars is proposed for the research and training
activities of the National Institutes of Health. Grants to States for
construction o f hospitals and other health facilities will increase by
18 million dollars, and the recommended appropriation will result in
further increases in later years. As part of our policy of strengthening
enforcement of the food and drug laws I am recommending a sub­
stantial increase for the Food and Drug Administration. In addition,
I am recommending increased appropriations to attack the problem of
air pollution; to expand grants to States for child welfare services; and
to expand health services to Indians, including construction of three
hospitals. These increases are partly offset by reduced construction
expenditures, primarily for the District of Columbia hospital center.

Promotion oj education.— The educational problems of the Nation
are acute. School enrollments are growing. Classrooms are over­
crowded. W e do not have enough teachers.
Americans are demonstrating their increased concern with these
problems b y working together now, more than ever, in parent-teacher
organizations and other citizen groups. Members of these groups—
many of which participated in the recent White House Conference on
Education— have stressed the need for measures b y all levels of
Government to improve our schools.
As a principle of our governmental system, we believe in State and
local responsibility for public education. This means not only local
direction of public schools but also local financial support augmented
b y the States. States and communities have made definite progress
toward meeting our educational problems. They are reducing the

m 47

m48




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

classroom shortage by building an increasing number of schools each
year. But we still lack more than 200,000 classrooms. In order to
increase further the number of new buildings completed over the next
5 years, I propose that the Federal Government supplement the cur­
rent efforts of the States and their subdivisions in financing public
school construction.
In continued recognition of the special school enrollment problems
created in many communities by military and civilian activities of the
Federal Government, I am recommending extension for 2 years of the
authority for providing assistance in paying for new school buildings
in federally affected areas. Under present law no applications can
be received after June 30, 1956. An additional appropriation of 88
million dollars for the fiscal year 1957 is recommended for the pro­
posed extension. W ith the enactment of legislation to authorize gen­
eral Federal assistance for school construction, the necessity for the
further extension of special Federal aids for construction and for
maintenance and operation in these school districts will require
reconsideration.
The United States Office of Education, through its advisory services
and its research and statistics, affords another channel whereby the
Federal Government can aid in the improvement of our schools.
I am recommending a substantial increase for the fiscal year 1957 in
the budget of the Office, mostly for the new cooperative research
program authorized by the Congress, which will assist the States in
their efforts to deal effectively with educational problems.
An increase of 4 million dollars in estimated expenditures for the
education and welfare of our Indian population will make it possible
to complete the necessary staffing of schools and to increase the
number of Indians relocated in urban areas.

General-purpose research, libraries, and museums.— Because of the
direct importance of basic research to our defense program and our
national welfare and economic progress, this budget proposes a sub­
stantial increase in Federal support of general-purpose research and
education in the sciences. This increase is considered by our national
security and scientific research agencies to be vitally necessary.
Even with this added support, basic research will constitute less than
10 percent of the Government’s annual investment in research and
development.

M ESSAG E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

For these reasons, I recommend that the appropriation for the
regular activities of the National Science Foundation be substantially
increased from 16 million dollars in the current fiscal year to 41
million dollars in the fiscal year 1957. This will enable the Foundation
to extend an additional 13 million dollars of support to meritorious
basic research projects in colleges and universities; will provide 7
million dollars for the construction of special-purpose facilities needed
for basic scientific research, including the N ation’s first major radio
astronomy center; and will make available an additional 5 million
dollars for expanding the Foundation’s experimental program de­
signed to improve science teaching in our schools and colleges and to
encourage a greater number of able students to enter careers in
science.
A supplemental appropriation for the Foundation of 28 million
dollars will be required in the current year to complete financing of
the United States program for the International Geophysical Year.
The additional amount is mainly for the earth-circling satellite project,
in which the Department of Defense is also participating.
Also fundamental to science is the work of the National Bureau of
Standards. Increased expenditures of 4 million dollars are recom­
mended in the fiscal year 1957 to strengthen research in the physical
sciences and to plan new buildings to replace present inadequate
research facilities.
For the Bureau of the Census, I am recommending appropriations
for collecting needed data on two important aspects of our national
life. The census of governments will provide, for the first time since
1942, comprehensive financial information about the more than 100,000
State and local government units. The national housing inventory
will measure the significant changes in the N ation’s housing supply
which have taken place since 1950. Expenditures for the Census
Bureau as a whole will decline, however, as work on the current cen­
suses of agriculture, business, manufactures, and mineral industries
draws to a conclusion.
In addition to necessary operating funds for the Smithsonian Insti­
tution, I am recommending an appropriation of 34 million dollars for
the construction of a Museum of History and Technology authorized
at the last session of the Congress. This museum, the first new Smith­
sonian building to be federally financed in more than 40 years, will

360000— 56------ iv




m49

m50




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

permit for the first time an adequate permanent display of collections
which now far exceed the capacity of existing buildings.

Correctional and penal institutions.■ Construction of two new prison
—
institutions is required to help ease overcrowded conditions in existing
penitentiaries and to provide for youthful offenders and more ade­
quate custody of the most dangerous and troublesome prisoners.
These new facilities account for almost all of an 18-million-dollar
increase over 1956 in appropriations requested for the Federal prison
system.
Other welfare services.— The school lunch program is supported with
surplus commodities as well as by regular appropriations. Increased
efforts in the removal of agricultural surpluses are expected to result
in a greater distribution of such foods to schools, reaching an estimated
value of up to 130 million dollars in the current fiscal year. These
increased efforts will continue in the fiscal year 1957. Additionally,
the recommended direct appropriation of 83 million dollars for the
school lunch program for the fiscal year 1957 will provide the same
level of such expenditures as in 1955 and 1956.
This Nation still has hundreds of thousands of disabled citizens who
should be restored to productive employment and thereby helped to
achieve economic independence. This budget continues full support
of the expanded State-Federal vocational rehabilitation program at a
rate which will permit the States to continue enlarging their rehabilita­
tion services as rapidly as their own funds permit.
Another growing social problem of concern to the entire Nation is
juvenile delinquency. During the last 8 years there has been a 60-per­
cent increase in the number of children appearing before our courts.
The States and communities need technical assistance and financial aid
to help them halt this trend. I therefore renew m y request that
Congress enact legislation promptly to authorize Federal aid to the
States for strengthening their services for prevention and treatment
of juvenile delinquency.




m 51

M ESSAG E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

SOCIAL IN SU R A N CE AND

R E TIR E M E N T TRUST FUNDS

(Based on existing legislation)
[Fiscal years.

In millions]
1955
actual

Fund and item

Federal old-age and survivors insurance trust fund:
Balance in fund at start of year
............... ........... .........

............

1956
estimated

1957
estimated

$20,043

$21,141

$22, 707

5,040
99
448

6,475
125
497

6,635
130
571

- 4 , 487

-5 ,5 3 0

1,098

1,566

1,086

21,141

22, 707

23, 793

3, 418

3, 534

3, 650

599

660

-585

625
105
-6 1 3

115

117

120

3, 534

3, 650

3, 770

Federal employees’ retirement funds (Civil Service and Foreign
Service):
Balance in funds at start of year____________ _________________

i 5,931

6, 210

6,727

Receipts:
Employee contributions
__ _ __ _____________________
Interest- _________ __________ ______________ ____________
Government contribution and other __________ _________
Payments of annuities and re fu n d s .._________ _________________

439
235
34
-4 3 0

555
214
238
-4 9 0

554
214
300
-5 54

278

518

513

6, 210

6 727
,

7,240

8, 994

8, 454

8, 624

1,162
199
64
-1 ,9 6 5

1,328
194
87
- 1 , 439

1,333
196
81
-1 ,6 0 3

N et accumulation ( + ) or withdrawal ( —) ______________ _____

-5 40

+170

+7

Balance in fund at close of year________________________________

8, 454

8, 624

8,631

Receipts:
Payroll tax transferred from general receipts.. _ _ _ _______
Deposits b y States__________ _____ __________ _ ___________
Interest and other_________________
__ _______ ________
Payments of benefits, construction and administrative expenses,
____________________ _
and tax refunds________ ____________
Net accumulation_____________________ ________ __________
Balance in fund at close nf year

_

. _

.

Railroad retirement fund:
Balance in fund at start of year_____ _____ ____________________
Receipts:
Payroll tax transferred from general receipts
Interest and other
___
__
___
Payments of benefits and administrative expenses

_________
___
________ _

Net accumulation___________________________________________
Balance in fund at close of year

_____________________

N et accumulation__________________________

_

_ ___________

Balance in funds at close of year_____ ____________________ _____
Unemployment trust fund:
Balance in fund at start of year_______ _________

_____________

Receipts:
Deposits b y States and railroad unemployment taxes______
Interest_______ ___________________________________ _____
Transfer from general fund a __________ _________ __
Payments: State and railroad withdrawals for benefits_______ _

101

-

6, 250

110
-6 5 0

* Includes 8 million dollars of unappropriated receipts.
* Excess of Federal unemployment tax collections over Federal expenditures for unemployment com­
pensation and employment service administration.

m52




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Social insurance and retirement trust funds .— Unemployment insur­
ance, old-age and survivors insurance, railroad retirement, and Federal
civilian employees’ retirement are financed from trust funds, the trans­
actions of which are not included in budgetary receipts and expendi­
tures. The balances in the funds, now about 40 billion dollars, are
invested in Government bonds.
Increased coverage in the old-age insurance program, increases in
the interest paid to this trust fund, and improved coordination of
income and old-age insurance tax collection procedures are recom ­
mended elsewhere in this message. The estimates of trust fund
receipts and disbursements for the fiscal year 1957 do not reflect
proposed legislation.
AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL RESO URCES

This budget carries forward the broad agricultural objectives that
we have been striving to achieve through new legislation, redirection
of emphasis, and improved administration during the past 3 years.
It provides for the strengthened agricultural program which I proposed
in m y recent special message to the Congress.
Thus, this budget permits an intensification of our efforts to aid
farmers in making the difficult readjustment from the abnormal situa­
tion of the war and postwar period to a realistic peacetime outlook for
markets, so that they may share more equitably in the prosperity
which other sectors of the economy are now enjoying. It also provides
for continued emphasis on research and educational activities and on
soil and water conservation, and for an enlarged program to help lowincome farmers improve their situation.
Gross budget expenditures for agricultural programs are estimated
at 9.1 billion dollars in 1957. These expenditures include loans made
and commodities purchased by the public enterprise agencies in the
Department of Agriculture and the Farm Credit Administration.
Receipts from agricultural programs, which reflect loan repayments
and com m odity sales of these public enterprise agencies, are estimated
at 5.7 billion dollars in 1957. The resulting estimate of net budget
expenditures is 3.4 billion dollars, about the same as estimated for
1956.
New authority to incur obligations of 2.9 billion dollars is recom ­
mended for the fiscal year 1957, as compared with 3.3 billion dollars
in 1956. Excluding the Com m odity Credit Corporation, new author­
ity to incur obligations for agricultural programs will be 621 million
dollars higher in 1957 than in 1956.




m53

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

AGR ICULTUR E AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES
[Fiscal years.

In millions]

Gross budget expendi­
tures

1957
esti­
mated

Recom­
mended
new obli­
gational
author­
ity for
1957

$400

$450

N et budget expendi­
tures

Program or agency
1955
actual

1956
esti­
mated

1957
esti­
mated

1955
actual

1956
esti­
mated

Soil bank and accompanying proposals
(proposed legislation)______ ______________

$400

Stabilization of farm prices and farm in­
come:
Price support, supply and purchase
programs (C C C , Wheat Agreement,
and W ool Act)
______ ___________
Removal of surplus agricultural com­
m od ities.-______ _______ ________ __ ___
Sugar A c t_______ _______________________
Federal crop insurance________________
Agricultural adjustment program______

Financing rural electrification and rural
telephones1_________ ___________________
Financing farm ownership and operation:
Farm Credit Adm inistration___ ______
Farmers’ Home Administration: *
Present programs______ _______ _____
Proposed legislation...
Disaster loans and emergency feed.........

$6,170

$5,110

5,077

$3,327

$2, 076

1,591

1,123

59
70
35
40

225
60
37
39

265
66
30
41

59
70
12
40

225
60
12
39

265
66
4
41

195
68
6
41

204

223

239

204

223

239

204

1,950

2,012

2,111

56

46

27

32

171

190

169

187

191
14

191
16

100

114

196
14
55

10

-1 9

-1 9

274

263

263

212

231

245

225

74
177

83
219

89
224

74
177

83
212

89
211

93
229

9, 324

8, 575

9,070

4, 411

3,376

3,364

2 2,872

Agricultural land and water resources:
Land conservation programs __________
Soil Conservation Service, flood pre­
vention and o th e r___ _______ __ _ _

Research and other agricultural services___
Total_____

.......................... ..

1 N et expenditures for the Farmers’ Home Administration and for rural electrification and telephone
loans do not reflect loan collections, since these collections go directly into miscellaneous receipts of the
Treasury. In 1957 these collections are estimated at 167 million dollars and 124 million dollars, respectively.
2 Compares with new obligational authority of 2,672 million dollars in 1955 and 3,324 million dollars in
1956.

M ost of the increases are for the new measures which were set forth
in detail in m y recent special message on agriculture. New authority
to incur obligations of 450 million dollars is included under proposed
legislation primarily for that part of the program dealing with the soil
bank. This includes an acreage reserve to reduce current and accu­
mulated surpluses of crops in most serious difficulty, and a conserva­
tion reserve to achieve other needed adjustments in the use of agri­
cultural resources. In addition to reducing production of surplus
crops and shifting land to more desirable uses, it will aid farmers
in financing the transition to a farming pattern appropriate for
today’s markets.
The budget also provides funds for other measures recommended in
the special message. These measures are mainly for strengthening

m54




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

and redirecting existing programs. They include stepped-up pur­
chasing and distribution of perishable commodities which are tem­
porarily in excess supply; a strengthened program for disposal of
surplus stocks of staple commodities; a strengthened rural develop­
ment and credit program for low-income farm families; additional
research emphasizing both lower costs of production and new products
and markets; and the program for farm improvement and better land
use in the Great Plains States.
I am also recommending new legislation to permit refunds to
farmers of Federal taxes on gasoline used in their farm operations.
It is estimated that tax refunds to farmers under this legislation will
amount to 60 million dollars in 1957.
Taken together m y new proposals will entail new outlays of 500
million dollars in the fiscal year 1957.

Stabilization oj farm prices and farm income.— Programs to stabilize
farm prices and farm income account for over 60 percent of the esti­
mated gross budget expenditures for agriculture and agricultural re­
sources in the fiscal year 1957. The principal part of these expendi­
tures is for the price support operations of the Com m odity Credit
Corporation. Gross expenditures for these operations, reflecting new
price support loans and purchases of commodities during the year,
are estimated at 5.1 billion dollars. Applicable receipts from repaid
loans and sales of commodities will amount to 3.5 billion dollars, leav­
ing net expenditures of 1.6 billion dollars. In recent years receipts
have been substantially less than new outlays, and inventories of the
Com m odity Credit Corporation have been rising steeply. On October
31, 1955, C CC loans and com m odity inventories amounted to 7.7
billion dollars as compared with 6.6 billion dollars a year earlier.
Government support of farm prices above world prices under pro­
grams which were attuned to war and were too long continued has
been a major cause of the present accumulation of farm surpluses.
These now overhang the market and create uncertainty and great
concern on the part of the producers. W orld W ar II, with its terrible
losses and destruction, enabled the liquidation of our prewar surpluses,
and the Korean conflict helped to liquidate those that accumulated
after the end of W orld War II. But the sharp rise of world prices
during these war periods, together with our high rigid price supports,
encouraged expansion of production throughout the world.
The chief domestic beneficiaries of our price support policies in the
past have been the 2 million large highly mechanized farming units
representing about 35 percent of our farms but producing about 85 per­
cent of our agricultural products. Under the price support program
that has been functioning the greater proportion of the dollars go to




M E SSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

the largest producers; in the case of wheat, for example, approxi­
mately three-fourths of the loan dollars go to one-third of the bor­
rowers. Individual cotton loans in excess of 1 million dollars have
been made.
W e should today resist new efforts to have the Government restore
high rigid price supports which would aggravate the problem. The
Agricultural A ct of 1954 and the new programs recommended in m y
special agricultural message are designed to make a broad frontal
attack on the surplus problem without repeating our previous mistakes
of stimulating production beyond available markets and thus piling
up price-depressing surpluses.
In contrast to expenditures, the price support operations of the Com ­
m odity Credit Corporation should be reviewed from the standpoint of
losses actually sustained in the disposition of commodities. In the
main, these losses represent the difference between com m odity acquisi­
tion and storage costs on the one hand, and receipts from sale of the
same commodities on the other. Since the commodities usually are
n ot sold in the same fiscal year in which they are acquired, realized
losses for a year are not the same as the net expenditures for that year.
In the fiscal year 1955, realized losses amounted to approximately 800
million dollars, of which more than one-half were losses on dairy
products. Estimated future losses on the loans and com m odity
inventories the Corporation held at the end of that year are 2.4 billion
dollars, of which about two-thirds represent anticipated losses on corn
and wheat.
As a nation, we have in the past and, if necessary, will in the future
provide substantial sums of money as a part of our efforts to have
farmers share more fully in the prosperity of the country. But farmers
know that Government money alone will not do the job. Further­
more, farmers do not want to be dependent on Government assistance.
They want the opportunity to obtain a better living standard for
their families through their own efforts. The Government’s respon­
sibility is to help create the conditions in which farmers can have
this opportunity.
W e intend to continue our vigorous efforts to find markets at home
and abroad for our present surpluses of farm commodities.
The Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance A ct of 1954
was amended in the past session of the Congress to permit an increase
from 700 million dollars to 1.5 billion dollars in the amount of loss that
the Corporation might incur in sales of commodities for foreign
currencies. Agreements negotiated up to December 31, 1955, under
this law provide for disposition of commodities worth 504 million
dollars at market value, which in many cases is substantially below
amounts paid the farmers. The actual loss cannot be calculated

M55

m56




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

until the foreign currencies are used. Additional agreements which
m ay amount to as much as 385 million dollars are under negotiation.
The International W heat Agreement, a multilateral agreement
between wheat importing and wheat exporting countries of which the
United States is a member, expires on July 31, 1956. The desirability
of extending this agreement is under study and a determination will be
made at a later date. This budget assumes that wheat exports during
the 1956-57 marketing year will total about 275 million bushels and
that most of this wheat will move at world prices under federally
assisted programs.
Expenditures under the permanent appropriation for the disposal of
surplus agricultural commodities are expected to be substantially
higher in the fiscal years 1956 and 1957 than in 1955, consistent with
our determination to stand ready with purchase programs to remove
temporary market gluts whenever serious ones occur, and to utilize
effectively the surplus commodities acquired. Our present pork
buying program, which was started in November of last year, is an
example.
While our special efforts to expand exports and our increased
purchases of perishable commodities have an important place in our
overall agricultural program, they should not be expected to take the
place of vigorous competition for markets, based on price and produc­
tion adjustments. M y recommendations for new legislation, increased
research and education, and the further operation of the Agricultural
A ct of 1954 will all contribute to this first line of attack on the agri­
cultural surplus problem.

Rural electrification, rural telephones, and farm credit.— The budget
recommendations for the Rural Electrification Administration repre­
sent a continuation of our policy of making loans available to meet the
farmers’ needs for electrification and telephones. The budget provides
for approval of loans for electrification in the amount of 185 million
dollars in 1957, which is the same as that for 1956 and 20 million dollars
higher than in 1955. It also provides for approval of loans for rural
telephones in the amount of 80 million dollars, the same as for 1956,
and 27 million dollars higher than for 1955. Disbursements on loans
and expenditures for administration for both programs are estimated at
239 million dollars, 16 million more than in 1956.
The total of Farmers’ Home Administration direct and insured loans
is expected to approach 260 million dollars in 1957 as compared with
193 million dollars in 1955. A substantial part of this expansion is in
insured private loans, which are not reflected in budget expenditures.
Legislation will be proposed to broaden the authority under the
Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant A ct to permit the Farmers’ Home




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Administration to make certain loans for farm housing previously
possible only under title V of the Housing A ct of 1949, as amended.
W ith this change, further extension of the authority for farm housing
loans under title V beyond its present termination date of June 30,
1956, will not be necessary.
Several agencies will increase their participation in the Rural Devel­
opment Program that I recommended in m y special message during
the past session of the Congress. This program will be conducted
broadly as well as in selected counties, and will involve special educa­
tional work b y the cooperative Federal-State Extension Service,
research on farming and marketing problems of low-income farmers
by Federal and State agencies, and assistance in providing employment
information b y the Department of Labor. To assure adequate funds
and to permit broader coverage in the financing of small farms, I am
recommending an additional 15 million dollars of lending authority for
the Farmers’ Hom e Administration under proposed legislation.
Consistent with our policy of withdrawing the Federal Government
from activities that can more properly be carried on privately, legis­
lation was recommended and enacted last year providing for syste­
matic retirement of the Federal investment in the banks for cooper­
atives which are supervised by the Farm Credit Administration.
Although the effect of this legislation on the budget will be small, it is
expected that farmers through their cooperatives will be able to
acquire, over a period of years, the present equity of the Federal
Government in these credit institutions.

Agricultural land and water resources.— M y recommendations for
agricultural land and water resources for the fiscal year 1957 are an
integral part of a broad program designed to give additional emphasis
to conservation of our natural resources. They provide for an in­
crease in the regular services of the Soil Conservation Service and for
the expected growth in the relatively new watershed protection and
flood prevention program. The soil bank program proposed in m y
special agricultural message will contribute also to our conservation
objectives.
Expenditures under the existing agricultural conservation program
assist farmers in applying soil conservation practices and in making
proper use of land diverted from the production of surplus crops.
Payments to farmers in the fiscal year 1957 will be principally to cover
the cost of the program carried out for the crop year 1956, as author­
ized in the 1956 appropriation act. I recommend a forward author­
ization of 250 million dollars for the 1957 crop year agricultural
conservation program— the same level as for 1956.

M57

M58




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Research and other agricultural services.— M y budget recommenda­
tions provide for further expansion of research, mainly in cooperation
with State agencies. Additional funds requested for educational
activities will permit greater concentration of effort on direct counsel­
ing of individual farmers in the development of programs for their
entire farms; also, on the educational phases of our Rural Development
Program for low-income families.
The budget includes funds for the recommendations on research and
education in m y special message on agriculture. The seriousness of
the production adjustment and income problems of American agricul­
ture arising from increased production at home and abroad and from
declining prices of major agricultural commodities requires that we
materially strengthen selected areas of research in agriculture.
NATURAL RESO U RCES

Resource development is the responsibility of everyone. In m any
cases State, local, and private groups can best carry out needed pro­
grams themselves. In other cases, Federal participation is the
necessary element in accomplishing broad national aims, where
projects are beyond the means or needs of local groups. Under the
partnership policy of this administration, emphasis is placed on
sharing the cost of projects with the groups which receive direct
benefits from them. This approach serves to multiply the effect of
Federal expenditures in the stimulation of conservation and develop­
ment. The recommendations in this budget will result in further
advances toward our broad goal of a steadily growing program for
resource development through the cooperative efforts of States, local
communities, private citizens, and the Federal Government.
The importance of the partnership policy in the development of
water resources is being emphasized in a report of the Advisory Com ­
mittee on Water Resources Policy. This report will also stress the
need for strengthening our procedure for the formulation and review
of proposed water resources projects. Some of the Advisory C om ­
m ittee’s recommendations will require changes in existing law, and
specific legislative proposals will be transmitted to the Congress.
Budget expenditures for natural resources programs in the fiscal
year 1957 are estimated at 1 billion dollars, about the same level as in
1956. Programs for flood control, reclamation, and multiple-purpose
water resources development will expand over the 1956 levels and will
require about 60 percent of the net expenditures in 1957. The man­
agement and development of the national forests, parks, public domain
lands, and Indian lands will require about 25 percent of the total.
The remainder will be for minerals programs, fish and wildlife re­
sources, and other developmental activities.




m59

M E SSA G E O F T H E P R E S ID E N T

In addition to their economic returns, many resource development
programs yield financial receipts. These receipts come mostly from
sale of power generated at Government facilities, sale of timber from
national forests and public lands, and mineral leases on public lands
including the Outer Continental Shelf. Some of the receipts are used
to finance current operations and are applied against the gross ex­
penditures of the agency; these are estimated at 266 million dollars in
the fiscal year 1957. Other receipts, estimated at 544 million dollars
in 1957, are deposited directly in the Treasury, and are then shared
with States and counties as authorized by the Congress, appropriated
for specific Federal programs, or added to the general revenues of the
Government.
NATURAL

RESOURCES

[Fiscal years.

In millions]
Recom ­
mended new
obligational
1956 esti­ 1957 esti­
authority
mated
mated
for 1957

Expenditures
Program or agency
1955
actual

Gross budget expenditures:
Land and water resources:
Corps of Engineers, civil functions:
Present programs:
Flood control and multiple-purpose projects.
Flood disaster relief w ork________ ______
Proposed legislation:
Passamaquoddy B ay survey_____________
Partnership projects........ ....................... . __
Department of the Interior:
Bureau of Reclamation:
Irrigation and multiple-purpose projects:
Present programs___ ________________
Proposed legislation:
Federal projects___________________
Partnership projects_______________
Power transmission agencies__________________
Indian lands resources.................
............. .......
Bureau of Land Management and other_______
Tennessee Valley Authority:
Present programs________ _________________ _
_
Proposed legislation___________________________
Department of State................................... ..................
Federal Power C om m ission ______ _____________ _
Forest resources _________________________ _ ________
Mineral resources__________________________________ __
Fish and wildlife resources.______ _____________________
Recreational use of resources_____ _____ _______________
General resource surveys and other____________________

163

175

43
35
16

42
43

386

287

20

$405

1

$373
32

$391

5

$383

1
10

193

191

9
4
42
42
25

20
10

3
4
118
41
43
35
34

4
5
139
50
44
52
35

1,304

1,302

1, 297

3

3

3

2

1

1

214
4

248
5

257
5

Wet budget expenditures_____

1,081

1,045

5

206
24
4
5
144
57
47
59
39

T o ta l............................ .................... .............................
Deduct applicable receipts: *
Land and water resources:
Bureau of Reclamation___________________________
Indian lands resources___________________ _________
Tennessee Valley A uthority_______ _______ ______
Mineral resources _ _______________________________ __

35
27
25

1,031

6
8
2
5
147
46
54
28
40
i

1,121

1 Compares with new obligational authority of 966 million dollars in 1955 and 1,045 million dollars in
3Does not include revenues which go into miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury.

1950.

___________ ____ _________

m 60




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Land and water resources.— The policies underlying recommenda­
tions for water and related land resources in this and other sections of
the budget are intended to help provide an adequate water supply for
our people in the years to come and to aid in checking destructive
forces of water, as well as to achieve the benefits for navigation, fish
and wildlife conservation, and recreation resulting from the proper
development of these resources.
A large share of the net expenditures of 690 million dollars for land
and water resources in 1957 will be for continuation or completion of
construction on water resources projects of the Corps of Engineers
and Bureau of Reclamation, and for maintenance and operation of
existing facilities.
These agencies will continue construction in 1957 on 187 projects
and units for flood control, beach erosion control, irrigation, and
multiple-purpose developments which will provide such additional
benefits as hydroelectric power, municipal water supply, or navigation.
Funds recommended for these projects will maintain present con­
struction schedules on power projects and will continue nonpower
projects at economic rates of construction. Under the recommenda­
tions in this budget, 10 of these projects and units can be completed.
In accordance with the policy of encouraging non-Federal respon­
sibility for water resources projects, with Federal cooperation where
national interests are involved, I have supported legislation which
would change certain presently authorized Federal projects to part­
nership projects. Funds for the Federal share of the Markham Ferry
project in Oklahoma were appropriated for the fiscal year 1956, and
construction b y non-Federal interests of this project and the Priest
Rapids project in Washington is expected to be underway in the fiscal
year 1957. W ork on the Cougar multiple-purpose project in Oregon,
begun as a Federal project in the fiscal year 1956, will continue in
1957 on a basis which, under pending partnership legislation, will
permit local interests to install power facilities and assure adaptation
of the power features to requirements of the city of Eugene.
This budget provides for starting construction on a number of new
projects which are already authorized and on which advance planning
has reached the stage where the design and scope of the m ajor struc­
tures have been clearly determined, a firm estimate of cost has been
prepared, and a current analysis of economic justification shows a
favorable relationship between benefits and costs.
A supplemental appropriation is recommended for 1956 to enable
the Corps of Engineers to accelerate its flood-control work in the
Northeastern States and to reimburse the Corps for expenditures
made for relief work following the floods in August and October 1955.
The supplemental appropriation will allow 5 flood-control reservoirs




m 61

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

to be started in the fiscal year 1956. Additional flood-control projects
for this area are included in the budget for 1957.
T he

C orp s

r e p a ir w o r k , in

of

E n g in e e r s

c o o p e r a tio n

is

a ls o

w ith

t r a tio n , in th e fa r w e s te r n flo o d

a c t iv e ly

engaged

in

em ergen cy

th e F e d e r a l C iv il D e fe n s e A d m in is ­
a re a s , a n d w ill b e a p p r a is in g w it h o u t

d e la y th e n e e d fo r a d d it io n a l flo o d -p r o t e c t io n m e a s u r e s .

For the fiscal year 1957, I recommend that the Corps of Engineers
start work on 18 local flood-protection projects, 11 flood-control
reservoirs, 2 beach erosion projects, and a new power plant at the Fort
Peck Dam in Montana, all of which are authorized. I also recom­
mend that the Bureau of Reclamation start work on 4 authorized
projects or major features to provide irrigation benefits and to utilize
available power at existing dams. The total cost of these authorized
projects recommended for starting in the fiscal year 1957 is estimated
at 189 million dollars, with first year expenditures of 10 million
dollars.
Some steps have been taken b y the Congress to enact legislation
authorizing the Bureau of Reclamation to construct the Upper Colo­
rado River Basin and the Fryingpan-Arkansas developments. These
comprehensive developments are needed for irrigation, power, flood
control, and industrial and municipal water supply and are beyond
the capacity of local initiative, public or private. I again urge their
authorization and have made provision in this budget under proposed
legislation for their initiation. I also recommend authorization and
funds for the Bureau of Reclamation to initiate 3 other projects for
further development of water resources in the West. The estimated
total cost of the 5 proposed projects is 1.1 billion dollars, with 1957
expenditures estimated at 9 million dollars.
This budget includes 20 million dollars under proposed legislation
to enable the Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation to
participate, in 1957, in new partnership water developments, such as
the Green Peter-White Bridge Reservoir in Oregon, the Bruces E ddy
Reservoir in Idaho, and the John D ay Reservoir in Washington and
Oregon. The proposed legislation would also authorize the Bureau
of Reclamation to assist local organizations by means of loans and
grants for small reclamation projects.
Budget recommendations provide for progress in the collection
of basic data on hydrology, topography, and other physical factors
needed in the planning and design of water development projects.
Investigations of proposed projects and advance planning of author­
ized projects will go forward at rates which will provide for the orderly
development of needed water resources.
I

a ls o

hope

th a t

th e

C on gress

w ill c o m p le t e

a c t io n

to

a u th o r iz e

a

n e w s u r v e y t o d e te r m in e w h e th e r h y d r o e le c t r ic p o w e r c a n b e e c o n o m i­
c a lly

d e v e lo p e d fr o m

t h e t id e s a t P a s s a m a q u o d d y B a y in M a in e , a n d

m 62




M E SS A G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

have included 1 million dollars under proposed legislation to begin
this survey in the fiscal year 1957.
T h e B o n n e v ille P o w e r A d m in is tr a t io n w ill c o n tin u e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
tr a n s m is s io n

based

on

d a m s u n d e r c o n s tr u c tio n

lin e s

in

th e S ou th ea stern

and

pow er
th e

g e n e r a tio n

s c h e d u le s

P a c ific N o r th w e s t.

fo r

F ed era l

E x p e n d itu r e s

of

S o u th w e s te r n P o w e r A d m in is tr a t io n s w ill b e fo r

o p e r a t io n a n d m a in te n a n c e o f tr a n s m is s io n s y s te m s a n d f o r m a r k e t in g
pow er.

The Tennessee Valley Authority will continue work in the fiscal
year 1957 on steam-electric generation units started in 1955 and prior
years, under previous appropriations.
Since nearly all major hydroelectric sites in the Tennessee Valley
have now been developed, an additional steam-electric unit at the
John Sevier plant and two additional units at the Johnsonville plant
will be needed to meet currently anticipated power loads through the
calendar year 1958. There is pending before the Congress legislation
which the administration has proposed for financing steam-power
facilities of the T V A through the sale of revenue bonds. So that the
work may begin promptly, a starting supplemental appropriation for
1956 is recommended for the Sevier unit. Items are included in the
budget to finance the continuation of this work and initiate construc­
tion of the Johnsonville units in 1957 with the proceeds of the revenue
bonds.
When these new units are completed, the Tennessee Valley Author­
ity will have a capacity of 6.7 million kilowatts in its steam-electric
plants and 2.7 million kilowatts in its hydroelectric plants.
Construction will also begin in the fiscal year 1957 on a new naviga­
tion lock at Wilson Dam. The present locks are structurally weak
and inadequate to handle growing traffic demands. The construc­
tion will be financed from appropriated funds. The T V A will also
continue work in the development of the resources of the region in
cooperation with State and local agencies.
Under these recommendations, gross expenditures of the Tennessee
Valley Authority in the fiscal year 1957 are estimated to decline by
57 million dollars from the 1956 level, as construction nears completion
on power facilities underway. Receipts from operation are expected
to increase by 9 million dollars. As a result of these trends, it is
estimated that the Authority will have net receipts of 27 million
dollars in 1957 as compared with net expenditures of 39 million
dollars in 1956. It is expected that in 1957 the T V A will return to
the Treasury 75 million dollars from power revenues as repayment of




m 63

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

p r in c ip a l

o n ly

s tr u c tio n

o f p o w e r fa c ilit ie s .

on

T reasu ry

N a tio n a l jo r e s ts

b u d g e t to
la n d s

in

w ild life

a n d

advan ces

o th er p u b lic

m ade

la n d s

in

e a r lie r

years

.— F u n d s a r e p r o v i d e d

e x p a n d f o r e s t r y r e s e a r c h a n d s o il c o n s e r v a t io n
th e

n a tio n a l

r e fu g e s , a n d

G o v ern m en t.

fo re s ts ,

on

I n d ia n

In crea ses

are

p u b lic

d o m a in ,

la n d s
a ls o

w h ic h

p r o v id e d

fo r

w ill

r e s u lt

in

in cr e a s e d

r e c e ip t s

in

in th is

p ark s

and

tru st b y

t im b e r

fro m

con ­

w o r k o n th e

n a tio n a l

a re h e ld

m in e r a l le a s in g a c t iv it ie s o n F e d e r a l a n d I n d ia n la n d s .
m e n d a tio n s

fo r

th e

s a le s

and

T h ese recom ­

m anagem ent

of

p u b lic la n d s .

The recommendations for the National Park Service will provide
additional facilities and services to meet more adequately the require­
ments of the constantly increasing number of visitors, which will ap­
proximate 54 million in 1957. These recommendations move toward
realization of a comprehensive development plan to make possible the
accommodation of the estimated 80 million persons who will use areas
of the national park system by 1966.
I n c r e a s e s a re r e c o m m e n d e d fo r m o r e a d e q u a te o p e r a t io n
ten a n ce

of

fis h

h a t c h e r ie s

and

w ild life

re fu g e s ,

and

fo r

a n d m a in ­

m a in te n a n c e

a n d r e p a ir o f p h y s ic a l fa c ilit ie s o f th e B u r e a u o f I n d ia n A ffa ir s .

M in e r a l

resou rces

m e n d a tio n s

of

.— T h i s

th e

budget

C a b in e t

g iv e s

C o m m itte e

r e c o g n itio n
on

to

M in e r a ls

th e

recom ­

P o lic y .

T he

B u r e a u o f M in e s a n d th e G e o lo g ic a l S u r v e y w ill e x p a n d in v e s t ig a tio n s
a n d r e s e a r c h d ir e c t e d t o w a r d d is c o v e r y o f a d d it io n a l s o u r c e s o f e s se n ­
t ia l m in e r a ls , im p r o v e m e n t
tio n

o f m in e r a l s u p p lie s .

e r a ls
fo r

M o b iliz a t io n

m e ta ls

and

to

o f m in in g

Funds

c o n tin u e

m in e r a ls

so

a re

to

te c h n iq u e s ,
p r o v id e d

d e v e lo p

th a t

a d eq u a te

and

fo r

and

b e t t e r u t iliz a ­

th e

O ffic e

e v a lu a te

s u p p lie s

o f M in ­

s u p p ly

and

d a ta

p r o d u c tio n

fa c ilit ie s w ill b e a s s u r e d fo r o u r n a t io n a l s e c u r it y a n d e c o n o m ic g r o w t h .

c o m m e r c e

an d

h o u s in g

T h e m a j o r r o l e o f c o m m e r c e a n d h o u s i n g p r o g r a m s is t o
e c o n o m ic g r o w th

en cou rage

a n d th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f p r iv a t e e n te r p r is e a n d lo c a l

c o m m u n itie s .
T ow ard
creased
t io n

th is

g o a l,

I

a p p r o p r ia tio n s

am
to

p r o p o s in g
im p r o v e

b o th

and

fa c ilit ie s , e s p e c ia lly th e I n t e r s ta t e

le g is la t iv e

expand

a c t io n

o u r b a s ic

and

H ig h w a y S y s te m , th e F e d e ra l

a ir w a y s y s te m , th e fe d e r a lly o p e r a t e d w a te r w a y s a n d n a v ig a t io n
a n d t h e m e r c h a n t fle e t.

in ­

tra n sp o rta ­

a id s ,

m 64




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

COMMERCE AND
[Fiscal years.

HOU SING

In millions]

Gross budget expendi­
tures

N et budget expendi­
tures

Program or agency

Recom ­
mended
new obli­
gational
author­
ity for
1957

1955
actual

Provision of highways:
Present programs___ . . - _________
Proposed legislation___________ _ __ _.
Promotion of aviation:
Department of Commerce___ . . . . . _
National Advisory Committee for
A eron a u tics__________ - _________
Promotion of water transportation:
Department of Com m erce.. . _________
Department of Defense—Civil Func­
tions:
Present program _ . _ . _ _ _____
Proposed legislation. -___ . . ____
St. Lawrence Seaway_______
. ..
Treasury Department____ . . . _______
Postal service:
Present program _ _ _ _
Proposed l e g i s l a t i o n . . _
Community development and facilities:
Urban Renewal Administration:
Present programs_______
_____ .
Proposed legislation._ - . . . .
Other. _ _ _ _______ _____ . ______
Public housing programs:
Present programs
___
Proposed legislation. .
Other aids to housing:
Federal Housing Administration ____
Federal National Mortgage Association.
College housing:
Present program____ _ _ _ _ . _
Proposed legislation.
Veterans Administration______________
Other_________________________________
Other aids to business:
Present programs_____________________
Area redevelopment (proposed legisla­
tion)
.
Regulation of commerce and finance:
Present programs__________ . .
Proposed legislation.
Disaster insurance, loans, and relief:
Present programs . .
Proposed legislation.
Civil defense
_
___
. _____
T o t a l __ __

b

__

___

___ _______

_

1956
esti­
mated

1957
esti­
mated

1955
actual

1956
esti­
mated

1957
esti­
mated

$647

$790

$844

$647

$790

$844

$35
898

179

192

234

179

192

234

256

74

71

75

74

71

75

80

182

245

251

162

211

218

308

204

229

250

114

144

170

2

179
5

2
43
204

3
190

12
200

36
204

202

3, 030
-3 50

356

483

467
-350

470
—350

90

111

38

65

74

202
1

24

14

( 6)
25

18

-1 4

22

17

322

531

597

-1 1 5

53

83

107

1

1
8

3
190

200

2, 733

2, 945

65

13

( b)

1
142
699

158
290

136
330

-4 2
237

-2 6
-114

-7 1
-255

34

40

65

31

36

59

125

142
15

65

65

8

128
13

-22

-22

71
-2 5

85
7

383

155

104

-404

-105

3.8

69

10

50

41

42

100

10
39

43

44

38

41

2
12

43

64

15
25
93

42

6, 259

6, 299

1, 622

16

49

70

6,139

2

2
10
100

59

7
25
90

2,182

2, 071

i 3,006

123

Less than one-half million dollars.

1 Compares with new obligational authority of 2,919 million dollars in 1955 and 3,492 million dollars in 195G.

M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Similarly, to assure continued high levels of residential construction
we shall encourage private financing primarily through the use of
Government guaranties, insurance and other aids. As in the past,
direct Government expenditures will be confined to meeting those
housing and community needs which cannot be financed by private
enterprise alone. Accordingly, to stimulate balanced development of
local communities, this budget makes further proposals for removal
and prevention of slums, for housing for minority groups and for
older people, and for other special community needs. It also pro­
vides for new measures to aid local communities with persistent
unemployment in discovering a sound basis for redevelopment, and
to help victims of future flood disasters rehabilitate themselves.
Gross expenditures for commerce and housing, including proposed
legislation, are estimated at 6.3 billion dollars in the fiscal year 1957.
Applicable receipts, chiefly for the Post Office and for various housing
programs, are estimated at 4.2 billion dollars. Net budget expendi­
tures of 2.1 billion dollars will be less than in 1956 because of the
increases in postal rates which I am again proposing.

Highways.— Obviously, a greatly improved highway system is vital
for both economic development and national defense, as well as to
reduce traffic deaths and injuries. The Federal Government has a
special interest in completing as early as possible the 40,000 miles
of the Interstate Highway System, which connects major centers of
population and industry. Last February in a special message to the
Congress I endorsed the recommendation of an advisory committee
that the Federal Government assume the principal responsibility for
financing completion of this key highway network. This program is
even more urgently needed today.
I consider it essential that construction of the interstate system be
fully authorized now as a single integrated program in order that it
may be accomplished over a period of approximately 10 years with
the greatest economy. I am confident that the expanded program can
be soundly financed so as not to create budget deficits.
Pending final determination of the amounts involved for the Inter­
state Highway System, therefore, the dollar estimates included in this
budget under proposed legislation cover only the continuance of the
present annual level of 875 million dollars in authorizations for Federalaid highways including 175 million dollars exclusively for the interstate
system. The budget also includes 22.5 million dollars for forest
highways, continuing the present level.
Expenditures for highways by the Department of Commerce and
the Department of the Interior under previous authorizations will
continue to rise to an estimated 844 million dollars in 1957. These

360000— 56-------v




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66




include additional grants under a supplemental authorization of 10
million dollars which I am proposing for the fiscal year 1956 in order
to rebuild Federal-aid highways damaged in last year’s widespread
floods.

Promotion oj aviation.— During the past 5 years, the rapidly ex­
panding use of the Federal airway system and the increasing speeds
of both conventionally powered planes and military jet aircraft have
produced serious traffic congestion. T o maintain our high standards
of safety, aircraft have had to be delayed or flights canceled, with a
resulting heavy cost in time and m oney to both the operators and
users of the planes.
As a step in meeting the immediate problem, I am recommending
new authority to incur obligations of 40 million dollars in 1957. This
will enable the Department of Commerce to expand further the
capacity of the present airway system by installing greatly improved
air navigation and traffic control facilities.
T o keep pace with further advances in aviation, I shall shortly
initiate a comprehensive study of the N ation’s long-range needs for
aviation facilities. This study will take into account both civil and
military needs in order to avoid costly duplication of equipment and
systems. I shall expect it to point the way to the development, instal­
lation and operation of the most efficient and economical air naviga­
tion system within the capabilities of our technology.
In addition to the expenditures to expand the capacity of the air­
way system, expenditures for operating the present airway system
must rise substantially to handle the expanding traffic, to operate new
facilities provided under earlier appropriations, and to take over
from the Department of Defense the costs of operating certain radar
installations serving common military-civilian needs. Federal grants
to help local communities build airports are also increasing as a
result of the legislation enacted last year. In total, expenditures of
the Civil Aeronautics Administration will rise b y an estimated 50 mil­
lion dollars to 200 million dollars in the fiscal year 1957.
Subsidy payments b y the Civil Aeronautics Board to commercial
airlines will again be reduced in the fiscal year 1957 as a result of rising
profits of the carriers and continued vigilance of the Board in keeping
subsidy rates at the lowest possible level. These subsidies amounted
to 58 million dollars in the fiscal year 1955 and are estimated at 34
million dollars in 1957.
T h e re s e a r c h a c h ie v e m e n ts o f th e N a tio n a l A d v is o r y C o m m it te e fo r
A e r o n a u tic s

a re m a k in g p o s s ib le s ig n ific a n t a d v a n c e s in

t ie s o f o u r m il i t a r y a ir c r a f t a n d g u id e d m is s ile s .
e f f o r t is n e e d e d

fo r t im e ly s o lu tio n

th e c a p a b ili­

H o w e v e r , in c r e a s e d

o f th e p r o b le m s o f flig h t a t fa s te r




M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

speeds, higher altitudes, and longer ranges. Accordingly, I am again
recommending an increase in the appropriations for this important
work.

Promotion oj water transportation.— The Department of Commerce
and the shipping industry have begun systematic replacement of the
merchant fleet built during W orld W ar II. Negotiations are now
underway with the operators to advance their ship construction plans
and to determine replacement schedules for the next 15 to 20 years.
Three long-term contracts have already been signed. The program
is designed to (1) assure a modern merchant fleet adequate for com­
mercial and defense needs, (2) maintain the shipyard employment
and facilities which are essential to our mobilization base, and (3)
minimize construction costs b y avoiding peak demands. As next
year’s installment, I am recommending the funds necessary for con­
struction subsidies and defense allowances for 22 new ships, as well
as trade-in allowances for the ships replaced. In addition, this budget
proposes appropriations for the design and construction of two new
types of cargo ships— types which could be produced cheaply and in
quantity in event of mobilization.
I am renewing for the fiscal year 1956 m y earlier recommendation
for a supplemental appropriation of 13 million dollars for the Com ­
merce Departm ent’s share of a nuclear-powered peace ship, to be built
jointly with the Atom ic Energy Commission. W ork on this ship
should go forward as rapidly as possible. M oreover, funds are in­
cluded in the budget for a nuclear-powered merchant ship, to be built
over a longer period, incorporating experience gained from the peace
ship and from later research and development.
T o finance construction of both conventional and nuclear-powered
ships, I am recommending new authority to incur obligations for the
Department of Commerce of 165 million dollars in the fiscal year 1957.
Because of the long lead-time required for ship construction, only a
small part of this new authority will be spent in 1957; the anticipated
expenditures of 75 million dollars are mainly from appropriations
made for ship construction in earlier years. Operating subsidy
payments of 124 million dollars in 1957 are estimated to cover the
differences in selected costs between operating American-flag and
foreign ships.
Expenditures for navigation aids and facilities are rising as projects
recently initiated reach active construction phases. In addition to
providing for continuation of work by the Corps of Engineers on 61
projects started in prior years, this budget includes funds for starting
41 new authorized navigation projects including 28 small projects
costing less than 150,000 dollars each.

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M E SSA G E OF T H E P R E S ID E N T

Funds were added by the Congress to the 1956 budget to begin
construction of Eufaula Reservoir and Dardanelle lock and dam.
This would, in effect, commit the Federal Government to a cost of
over 1 billion dollars for the development of the Arkansas River for
navigation, since the major benefits from these two structures would
not be realized until the entire navigation development is completed.
I regard the development of the Arkansas River for navigation as not
being of sufficiently high priority at this time to justify this large
financial commitment. Therefore, I am not requesting funds for
continuation of work on these two structures.

Postal service.— The Post Office Department is progressing steadily
toward its goal of a better postal service at lower costs. Decen­
tralization of management into 15 regions, first recommended in 1908,
has finally been accomplished, permitting decisions by experienced
field personnel able to understand the needs of their customers.
Changes in laws and personnel policies have encouraged better use
of staff and brought new incentives for employee efficiency. Overhaul
of the Departm ent’s fiscal operations has eliminated nearly 5,000
needless positions, speeded up information required for good manage­
ment, and reduced backlogs of all types, including a 2-year backlog
in overdue railroad and airline claims. W e have begun to acquire,
through long-term leases and the recently enacted lease-purchase
authority, modern postal buildings and other facilities long needed
to speed up and reduce the cost of handling the ever-increasing
volume of mail.
Despite these achievements, the Post Office Department cannot be
self-sustaining if it pays salaries, transportation rates, and other
costs based upon 1956 conditions, but must continue to charge rates
which were largely determined before Pearl Harbor. The postal
deficit of 467 million dollars estimated for the fiscal year 1957 repre­
sents a subsidy averaging more than 15 cents per dollar of postal
service. Legislation is again being proposed that would initially in­
crease postal revenues by 350 million dollars a year. Legislation is also
being proposed to pay the Department for services to certain groups
which it is now required to perform either free or at greatly reduced
rates.
I urge prompt congressional action on this legislation, which will
drastically reduce the 1957 postal deficit and will make it possible for
the postal service to become self-supporting in subsequent years.
Community development and jacilities.— The great population growth
in the past 15 years and the accompanying shifts— from farms to
cities, from rural communities to metropolitan areas, and from central




M ESSAGE

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TH E

P R E S ID E N T

cities to suburbs— have accelerated the decay o f large sections o f our
m ajor cities, and caused m any m etropolitan areas and small towns to
outgrow their basic facilities.
W ith the help o f Federal grants and loans for slum clearance and
urban renewal, m ajor progress in rem oving urban blight is in sight for
the first time. B y the end o f the fiscal year 1957, an estim ated 233
com m unities will have w orkable plans providing for a wide range of
local actions needed to prevent or eliminate slums. Such plans are
n ow required as a condition o f Federal assistance for urban renewal.
In these and other cities 49 specific projects will have been com pleted
b y the end o f 1957; 237 other redevelopm ent projects will be actively
underw ay; and 112 projects will be in the planning stage. N et
expenditures, chiefly for grants and loans, will increase to 74 million
dollars; these include the additional grants for com m u nity planning
b y m etropolitan areas and smaller cities under legislation that will be
proposed to increase the present lim ited program .
Substantial increases are also expected in the fiscal year 1957 in loans
to small com m unities for building public facilities and in advances to
local governm ents for planning public works. A dditional appropria­
tions for planning advances are recom m ended for 1957.
As part of the new program to assist in the industrial redevelop­
m ent of chronic labor surplus areas, I am proposing revisions in the
present urban renewal and other com m u nity facilities legislation.
The main emphasis in these program s, how ever, should continue to
be im provem ent o f the homes and living environm ent o f our families.
Public housing .■ C ontinued Federal assistance for low -rent public
—
housing will be necessary in 1957 to m eet the m ost critical needs o f
low -incom e families. A n increasing num ber o f such families will be
displaced b y the clearance o f slums and b y the enforcem ent o f housing
codes under the growing urban renewal program . I am, consequently,
recom m ending that the P u blic H ousing A dm inistration be authorized
to enter into annual contributions contracts with local hQUsing
authorities for an additional 35,000 dwelling units a year for 2 years.
In addition, I urge that the Congress restore the provisions o f the
H ousing A c t o f 1954, repealed in 1955, which lim ited new public
housing to com m unities w ith w orkable program s for the prevention
and elim ination o f slums, or with slum clearance projects underway.
A s the num ber o f older people in our popu lation has increased,
action to m eet their special housing needs has becom e highly im por­
tant. Several adm inistrative steps have already been taken in the
p ublic housing program . In addition, legal restrictions on admission
to public housing projects should be am ended to provide a lim ited
preference to elderly low -incom e families, as well as to perm it adm is­
sion o f elderly single persons.

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TH E

P R E S ID E N T

Gross expenditures for public housing program s, chiefly fo r co n ­
struction loans and paym ent o f annual contributions to local housing
authorities, are estim ated at 598 m illion dollars in 1957. R eceipts,
m ostly from private refinancing of Federal loans, are estim ated at 515
m illion dollars, leaving net expenditures o f 83 m illion dollars.
Other aids to housing .— A pplications for insurance o f m ortgages and
hom e im provem en t loans b y the Federal H ousing A dm inistration
under its regular program s are expected to continue in the fiscal years
1956 and 1957 close to the 1955 levels. In addition, applications for
the special urban renewal m ortgage insurance authorized b y the
H ousing A ct o f 1954 are expected to rise from less than 2,000 units
in 1955 to 75,000 units in 1957.
T o m ake this full program possible, legislation will be required to
increase the present m ortgage insurance authority. T h e authority
to insure hom e im provem ent loans, n ow scheduled to expire on
Septem ber 30, 1956, should be m ade perm anent and broadened to
assure effective Federal assistance in the national cam paign to reha­
bilitate and m odernize existing housing. A m endm ents are also needed
to encourage construction o f private units for rental or sale to elderly
persons.
T h e D epartm en t o f D efense expects to arrange for financing and
construction of 100,000 m ilitary housing units during 1956 and 1957
under new m ortgage insurance authorized b y the H ousing A m en d­
ments of 1955. This insurance authority should be extended beyon d
the present expiration date o f Septem ber 30, 1956.
T h e Federal N ational M ortgage A ssociation will m ake com m itm ents
for im m ediate or deferred purchases o f 423 m illion dollars in m ortgages
insured under the urban renewal, armed services, coop erative, and
other especially urgent housing program s w hich I have specifically
designated. Sales o f m ortgages together w ith repaym ents and other
receipts, how ever, are expected to be 255 m illion dollars greater than
expenditures.
In addition, purchases o f m ortgages b y the A ssociation under its
secon dary m arket program are expected to increase in 1957 to 290
m illion dollars. E xcep t fo r tem porary Treasury loans, the funds
required will be obtained from sale o f debentures and stock to private
investors, and the purchases are shown as trust expenditures, rather
than budget expenditures. B y the end o f the fiscal year 1957, private
purchases of stock will have m ade an excellent start tow ard the goal
of replacing a G overnm ent a ctivity w ith a private com pany.
One o f the m ost successful measures authorized b y the H ousing
A ct o f 1954 is the V olu n tary H om e M ortga ge C redit Program .
U nder this program , applications to the Veterans A dm inistration for
direct loans and to the Federal N ational M ortgage A ssociation for




M ESSAGE

OF

THE

P R E S ID E N T

m ortgage purchases are referred to private lenders. This program
has already m ade conspicuous achievem ents in encouraging private
financing o f housing for m em bers o f m in ority groups and other
borrow ers in credit-short areas. M oreover, the rapidly increasing
volum e o f veterans housing m ortgages placed privately has m ade it
unnecessary to use a large part o f the additional authority provided
for direct housing loans. N et expenditures for the veterans loan
program , consequently, are expected to show on ly a m inor increase
to 71 m illion dollars in the fiscal year 1957.
College housing .— Th e H ousing A m endm ents o f 1955, w hich broa d ­
ened and increased the authority for college housing loans, also re­
duced the m axim um interest rate to 2% percent and required use o f
private financing on ly if it were available at the same low interest
rate. A s a result, the G overnm ent is required to m ake long-term
loans at a low er interest rate than the rate at w hich it can b orrow
for com parable maturities.
These am endm ents have eliminated all possibility o f private
financing, w hich cannot com pete w ith these interest rates, save for
the earliest maturities of tax-exem pt issues. M a n y larger institutions,
w hich previously obtained private funds at reasonable rates, have now
filed applications for G overnm ent loans. N et reservations o f funds
are estim ated to increase from 21 m illion dollars in 1955 to 211 m illion,
dollars in 1956 and 120 m illion dollars in 1957, exhausting the avail­
able lending authority. M o st o f the im pact on expenditures will n ot
be felt until 1958.
T h e Federal G overnm ent should help colleges and universities
m eet the urgent housing problem s which rapid grow th in enrollm ent
will prod u ce over the next decade. T h e program , as revised in 1955,
how ever, does n ot serve the best interests o f either the colleges or the
taxpayers. F or the sake o f a m odest saving in interest costs, it w ould
destroy the prom ising private m arket for these obligations. This pri­
vate m arket will be sorely needed, for the G overnm ent cannot be
expected to su pply the full or even the greater part o f the estim ated 2
to 4 billion dollars needed for dorm itories over the next decade. T h e
adm inistration is accordingly recom m ending legislation which will
increase the total authorization b y 100 million dollars for 1957, but
allow interest rates adequate to cover costs to the G overnm ent. I
hope that this will encourage private lenders to reenter this expanding
m arket.
Other aids to business— present programs.— In addition to other appro­
priations required to finance the broad range o f existing aids to busi­
ness, I am recom m ending increased appropriations for the Patent

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M ESSAGE

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P R E S ID E N T

Office in the D epartm en t o f C om m erce to begin a system atic 8-year
program that w ould reduce the b acklog o f patent applications to a
m ore reasonable level. I believe that the Congress should also enact
legislation increasing patent fees so that the Patent Office can be m ore
nearly self-supporting.
T h rou gh the Small Business A dm inistration, w e shall continue to
help small business concerns obtain access to adequate financing,
to a fair share of G overnm ent procurem ent, and to com petent counsel
on m anagem ent, p roduction, and m arketing problem s.
I also recom m end im provem ents in construction statistics so that
m ore accurate data can be supplied to business, labor, and gov ern ­
m ent on m ajor changes in this vital industry.
Area redevelopment.— A ll o f us are greatly concerned because certain
chronic labor surplus areas are n ot sharing in our general prosperity.
T h e prim ary responsibility for prom oting the econ om ic redevelopm ent
o f these areas rests w ith the local com m u nity and the States. H o w ever, I believe that the Federal G overnm ent should give m uch broader
assistance than is possible under present law. A ccord in gly, the
adm inistration is recom m ending new legislation authorizing Federal
loans and grants, in cooperation with the States, to assist com m unities
suffering from substantial and persistent unem ploym ent. U nder this
program the Secretary o f C om m erce w ould take the lead fo r the
Federal G overnm ent, utilizing also the facilities of the D epartm en t of
L abor, the H ousing and H om e Finance A gen cy, and other
interested agencies.
Regulation of commerce and finance .— As our econ om y grows and
becom es m ore com plex, the responsibilities o f Federal agencies regu­
lating business also increase. W hile the am ount o f m on ey required
to finance these agencies is relatively small, their influence on econ om ic
grow th is very significant. In this budget I am recom m ending in­
creased appropriations to strengthen every m a jor regulatory program ,
including specific increases to (1) triple the staff o f the Federal T rad e
C om m ission charged w ith enforcing controls over corporate m ergers;
(2) assure effective review b y the D epartm en t o f Justice o f possible
antitrust aspects o f the new ly authorized interstate com pacts for the
con servation of oil and gas; (3) provide for m ore adequate review b y
the Securities and E xchange Com m ission o f the vast new capital




M ESSAGE

OF

TH E

P R E S ID E N T

offerings and the increased trading in securities; and (4) im prove
enforcem ent b y the Interstate C om m erce Com m ission o f m otor carrier
regulations and assure better com pliance w ith safety regulations.
T o continue the export controls necessary for our national security,
the existing legislation should be extended.
Disaster insurance , loans, and relief.— Th e flood disasters during the
past year in the N ortheastern States, the Far W est, and other areas
have shown the urgent need for increased assistance to the victim s
of floods. Since private insurance is n ot generally available, legisla­
tion should be enacted authorizing, on an experim ental basis, an
indem nity and reinsurance program , under which the financial burden
resulting from flood dam age w ould be carried join tly b y the indi­
viduals protected, the States, and the Federal G overnm ent. Th e
budget includes an estimate o f 100 m illion dollars o f new authority
to incur obligations to initiate such a program .
I am requesting a supplem ental appropriation o f 25 m illion dollars
in the current fiscal year to replenish the disaster relief fund which
was depleted as a result o f the recent flood disasters. It will also be
necessary to am end the Small Business A ct to increase the authority
for disaster loans.
Civil defense .— Expenditures for civil defense are grouped with those
for peacetim e disasters for budget classification purposes, but the
program is discussed in connection with continental defense in the
m ajor national security section o f this message.

GENERAL GOVERNMENT
General governm ent program s include m any of the traditional
dom estic, civil activities of governm ent, as well as certain governm entwide activities, such as personnel and p roperty m anagem ent, which
cannot readily be allocated to any single category. Our prim ary
ob jective is to perform these central activities efficiently and thus
reduce the cost of all the services provided to our citizens for their
tax dollars.
N et expenditures for general governm ent program s are expected to
increase b y 146 m illion dollars to 1.8 billion dollars, largely because
of (1) increased outlays to replace or im prove inadequate G overn ­
m ent buildings and (2) a larger paym ent to the retirem ent fund for
civilian em ployees,

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MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT

GENERAL GOVERNMENT
(Fiscal years.

In millions]
N et budget expenditures 1

Program or agency
1955
actual

Legislative functions
Judicial functions
..
_
Executive direction_________ ______________
Federal financial management:

_

.

Tax collection_____ - - _________ _ _ __ _
_____
Customs collection, debt management, and other______

$60
31
12

1956 esti­
mated

1957 esti­
mated

$87
39
13

$111
42

Recom­
mended new
obligational
authority
for 1957

$73
41

13

13

271
160

306
176

307
172

308
172

164

170
1

209
15

218
49

32
15

235
17

297
18

297
18

19
49
25

32
50
36

33
50
36

33
50
38

79
42
37

99
49
42

95
48
42

96
49
42

67

76

78
4

79
7

142
-3

168
15

185
2

35
4

1, 201

1,611

1,757

2 1,621

General property and records management:
General Services Administration
______ - _ _ _____
Central Intelligence Agency b u i l d i n g . __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Central personnel management and employment costs:
Civil Service Commission:
Payment to retirement f u n d s ___
_
___ ___ __
O th e r _____________________ ______ __ __ _ _ _______
Labor Department:
Unemployment compensation for Federal em­
ployees___ __ _________ __ ______ __ ____ ____ __
Accident compensation for Federal employees_____
Civilian weather services______ ____________________ _
Protective services and alien control:
Federal Bureau of Investigation_______________ ________
Immigration and Naturalization Service_____ _
___
Other ____________ ______ _________ _____ __________________

Territories and possessions, and District of Columbia:
Present programs________________________________________
Proposed legislation___ __ __ _ __ __ _ __
_ ________

Other general government:
Claims and relief acts . __________ _ __ _____ _______
Other ___________________ ____________________ ________ __
Total

_

________________ _________ _____ ___________

1 After deducting applicable receipts of 3 million dollars each year, mainly for Virgin Islands Corporation.
* Compares with new obligational authority of 1,138 million dollars in 1955 and 1,525 million dollars in
1956.

Legislative junctions .— D uring the fiscal year 1957 construction o f
the new Senate Office B uilding will be alm ost com pleted and a sub­
stantial start will be m ade on b oth the new H ouse Office B uildin g and
the extension o f the C apitol authorized b y the Congress at its last
session. These new facilities account fo r the increase in estim ated
expenditures for legislative activities from 87 m illion dollars in 1956
to 111 m illion dollars in 1957.
Federal financial management.— Th e reorganization o f the Internal
R even u e Service and the adoption- o f im proved m ethods and p ro ­
cedures have led to a m ore equitable and effective enforcem ent o f the
revenue laws, T h e audit o f tax returns has been im proved and m ore




MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT

delinquent taxes have been collected. I t is expected that in the fiscal
year 1957 the efficiency o f tax collection will be im proved even further,
w ithou t a significant increase in expenditures for this purpose.
I urge that the Congress enact pending legislation to reduce the
frequen cy o f inform ation returns subm itted b y em ployers w ithholding
incom e and social security taxes. This legislation will sim plify tax
procedures for b oth the G overnm ent and the em ployers, and will also
provide a basis for stronger enforcem ent o f the tax laws.
General property and records management.— In the fiscal year 1957,
m ajor increases are planned in expenditures fo r construction and im ­
provem ent o f G overnm ent buildings to increase the efficiency of
G overnm ent operations. T o this end I am recom m ending appropria­
tions to enlarge and rem odel certain buildings and to begin the longneeded air con dition ing o f buildings in areas where tem perature and
hu m idity conditions are m ost adverse to econ om ic operation. A d d i­
tional appropriations are also recom m ended for the new building
p reviously authorized for the Central Intelligence A gen cy, and, as
n oted in other sections o f this message, for extension o f the D epartm en t
o f State building and for new buildings for the N ational B ureau of
Standards.
W hile these recom m endations in volve substantial appropriations o f
Federal funds, m ost o f the Federal building im provem ent program will
be financed w ith private funds under the lease-purchase authority o f
the General Services A dm inistration and the P ost Office D epartm ent.
A lready 53 p rojects involvin g private financing o f construction costing
105 m illion dollars have been approved, and additional projects in v olv­
ing about 250 m illion dollars are under consideration. A dditional
appropriations o f 5 m illion dollars are requested to purchase sites and
prepare plans for future projects.
This program as a w hole will m ake a substantial start tow ard
nationw ide im provem ent in w orking conditions o f Federal em ployees.
In the W ashington area alone, buildings already approved or under
consideration for approval will perm it relocation o f a bou t one-third o f
the 60,000 em ployees now w orking in tem porary and other substandard
buildings.
Central personnel management and employment costs.— T h e G overn ­
m en t’s paym ents to the retirem ent funds for civilian em ployees are
estim ated at 297 m illion dollars in 1957, o f which 295 m illion dollars
will be for the civil service retirem ent trust fund and 2 m illion dollars
for special annuitants. T h e proposed contribution to the retirem ent

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M ESSAGE

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fu n d will be equivalent to the G overn m en t’s share o f benefit paym ents
to be m ade from the fund during the fiscal year 1957. This con tribu ­
tion constitutes 35 percent o f the sum estim ated to be required to fun d
(1) the G overn m en t’s part o f the norm al cost for current service o f
Federal em ployees, and (2) annual interest on the existing accrued
liability o f the G overnm ent to the fund.
U nem ploym ent com pensation paym ents to individuals w ho becom e
eligible through Federal em ploym ent are estim ated at 33 m illion
dollars, about the same am ount as in the fiscal year 1956. A s the
current 1956 appropriation provides on ly 20 m illion dollars, a supple­
m ental appropriation will be requested.
A ccid en t com pensation paym ents to Federal em ployees and the
related adm inistrative expenses o f the D epartm en t o f L a b o r are
estim ated to continue at 50 million dollars in both 1956 and 1957. T o
encourage precautionary safety measures, the adm inistration will
p ropose legislation w hich will provide, in con form ity w ith the best
business practices, that em ploying agencies shall bear the cost of
benefits paid for their em ployees.
Civilian weather services.— I am recom m ending for the fiscal year
1957 additional appropriations for the W eather Bureau to strengthen
further its hurricane and tornado research program and to p rovid e
m ore storm detection radar. T h e budget also provides for additional
equipm ent to measure visibility on airport runways and for needed
im provem ents in housing at rem ote weather stations.
Protective services and alien control.• Increased appropriations are
—
recom m ended to strengthen the border patrol operations o f the
Im m igration and N aturalization Service, prim arily on our southern
border. T h e Federal Bureau o f In vestigation will continue at its
present em ploym ent level.
I shall recom m end a supplem ental appropriation for the C om m is­
sion on G overnm ent Security which has recen tly been established to
stu dy the entire G overnm ent security program .
Territories and possessions and District of Columbia.— I am recom ­
m ending legislation to authorize an increase o f 2 m illion dollars in
the Federal paym ent to the D istrict o f C olum bia. This represents
a reasonable Federal share o f the increased cost o f operating the
govern m en t o f our C apital C ity.
Legislation will also be proposed to carry ou t a treaty and agree­
m ent recen tly negotiated w ith the R ep u b lic of Panam a. F ollow in g




M ESSAGE

OF

TH E

m 77

P R E S ID E N T

its enactm ent, the Canal Z one G overnm ent will m ake expenditures
to replace schools and other civic im provem ents being transferred
to Panam a under the legislation.
Other general government.— Again I recom m end legislation b y which
wider appreciation o f the arts and encouragem ent o f creative artistic
endeavors m ay be p rom oted and national recognition fo r distinguished
civilian contributions to the advancem ent o f the arts and the welfare
o f mankind m ay be given.

INTEREST
Interest paym ents now a ccou n t for about 11 percent of net budget
expenditures. T h ey are determ ined b y the size o f the p u b lic debt and
b y interest rates on that debt. T h e y are included in budget expendi­
tures as th ey accrue. Interest is paid from perm anent appropriations.
INTEREST
[Fiscal years. In m
illions]
Net budget expenditures and new
obligational authority
Item
1955 actual

1956 esti­
mated

1957 esti­
mated

Interest on public debt_______________________________ _____ ______ _____
Interest on refunds of receipts._________________ _____ _________________
Interest on uninvested funds_______________________ _ __________ _____

$6, 370
62
5

$6,800
69
6

$7,000
60
6

Total.................................................. ................... ................. ...................

6, 438

6,875

7,066

Interest on the 'public debt.— Interest paym ents on the public d ebt in
the fiscal year 1957 are estim ated at 7 billion dollars. Th is is an
increase o f 200 million dollars over estim ated expenditures for the
current fiscal year and 630 m illion dollars above actual expenditures
in 1955.
T h e high level o f prosperity has created a h eavy dem and for credit
b y private enterprises. A s a result the average rate payable on the
interest-bearing public debt has risen during the last 12 m onths from
2.29 percent to 2.49 percent at present, and maturing obligations are
being refinanced at the higher rates prevailing in the m on ey m arket.
T h e adm inistration is recom m ending legislation so that the interest
paid to the Federal old-age and survivors insurance trust fund will
reflect m ore closely the long-term character o f investm ents b y that
fund.

m 78




MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT

CONCLUSION
This is the third b udget I have transm itted to the Congress.
A s a result o f the substantial redaction s in G overnm ent expendi­
tures m ade b y the adm inistration subsequent to assuming office, I
n oted in the first o f these three budgets— for the fiscal year 1955—
th at a b ud get surplus was actually in sight. H ow ever, so th a t part
o f our savings through econom ies during th at transitional period
cou ld be passed along to the taxpayers o f the N ation as a whole, with
beneficial effects for the grow th o f our econ om y, I stated that I
believed it best “ to adopt a course leading tow ard the twin goals o f
a balanced budget and tax redu ction s.”
T a x reduction was thus achieved w ith the adm inistration’s first
b udget, w hich m ade possible a 7.4-billion-dollar tax reduction p ro­
gram , enabling us to m ake progress o f historic dim ensions in reducing
tax burdens and im proving the tax structure.
A balanced budget is now being achieved in the adm inistration’s
second and third budgets, b oth o f w hich we n ow estim ate will be
b rou gh t into balance.
T his course o f G overnm ent p o licy has helped to la y a sound basis
for the greatest volu m e o f business, the highest em ploym ent, and the
highest national incom e in the history o f this cou n try. As an essen­
tial elem ent in this p rosperity, private spending has m ore than replaced
reductions in Federal spending. Federal expenditures have declined
from 20.6 percent o f total national p rodu ction in the fiscal year 1953
to 17.3 percent in 1955. This budget is designed to continue that
trend.
W e have freed the econ om y from needless controls and from
inflationary deficits, and have reduced the tax burdens w hich
threatened to destroy the incentives to w ork and save and invest.
State and local governm ents are now in an excellent position to
obtain revenues and m eet their responsibilities.
T h is b ud get carries forw ard the policies this adm inistration has
been follow ing in the interest o f all our 167 m illion A m ericans. T h e
success o f our cou n try depends n o t u pon centralized G overnm ent
con trol, b u t u pon the efforts o f all our people to do m ore for themselves,
to b etter themselves, their families, and com m unities. T h e role o f
G overnm en t is to encourage these efforts.
Som e parts of our society, how ever, have n ot shared fu lly in the
present prosperity o f A m erica. This b ud get provides for new steps
to help create the conditions under w hich all Am ericans m a y share
in the abundance we as a nation are enjoyin g.
There has also been developed an arm ed strength m ore efficient
and better organized than ever before, and we shall continue building
our defenses. W e have started a w orldw ide, cooperative effort for
peaceful uses o f atom ic energy w hich is already beginning to show




M ESSAGE

OF

THE

P R E S ID E N T

results. W e have w orked with other free countries on a m utual
basis to increase their econ om ic and m ilitary strength and will con ­
tinue to w ork with them . Our future prosperity, perhaps our very
survival, will be linked with the strength o f our allies and in the
developm ent o f g ood will rather than fear and distrust am ong the
nations.
This N ation has reached a new high o f m aterial prosperity. The
rest of the free w orld has com e to expect our leadership in cooperative
efforts for peace and in defense o f our com m on liberties. W e should be
v ery thankful for the resources o f this country, for the efforts and
accom plishm ents o f our forebears. W e should also be v ery humble.
A m erica m ust continue to be the land o f faith, o f prom ise, and of
unbounded op portu n ity. There is m uch y e t to do. W ith G o d ’s
help, we will all go forw ard.
D w ig h t D . E is e n h o w e r .
Ja n u a r y 16, 1956.

m 79




P A R T

I

SUMMARY TABLES
Table 1. Summary of Budget Receipts, and Expenditures
Table 2. Summary of Net Budget Expenditures (by Function and Agency)
Table 3. Summary of Budget Authorizations and Their Disposition
Table 4. Effect of Financial Operations on the Public Debt
Table 5. Summary of Budget Authorizations (by Type of Authorization and Agency)
Table 6. Summary of Budget Expenditures— in Relation to Authorizations (by Agency)
Table 7. Balances Available at Start of Year (by Type and Agency)

a

360000— 56--------vi




1

IN T R O D U C T IO N T O P A R T I
P art I o f the b udget (pp. A l to a 1 3 ) contains seven
sum m ary tables on Federal funds and on the public debt.
E ach o f these tables is designed to bring together in 1
or 2 pages som e overall aspect o f the Federal budget.
TYPES OF FEDERAL FUNDS

T h e Federal (G overnm ent-ow n ed) funds are o f four
types as follow s:
T h e general fund is credited w ith receipts w hich are n ot
earmarked b y law for a specific purpose, and is charged
with expenditures that are p ayable from appropriations
(except appropriations o f earm arked receipts) and those
p ayable from borrow ing. B o th in num ber o f items and
in am ounts, m ost o f the G overn m en t’s business is trans­
acted through the general fund.
Special funds are those w hich are established to account
fo r receipts that are earm arked b y law for a specific pur­
pose. T h e y exclude the funds w hich carry on a cycle of
operations for w hich there is continuing authority to
use the receipts (as described in the next paragraph).
Som e special funds are su bject to annual appropriation
b y Congress. Others are autom atically available under
the laws which created the funds.
Revolving funds are those w hich finance a cycle of
operations, in w hich the expenditures generate receipts
w hich are available for con tinuing use. T h e y are divided
into tw o subcategories— those w ith receipts prim arily
from outside the G overn m en t are called public enterprise
funds, and those w ith receipts prim arily from inside the
G overn m en t are called intragovernmental funds. T h e
form er include nearly all o f the G overn m en t corporations,
the postal fund, and various unincorporated enterprises.
T h e latter include various funds for stock ing o f supplies,
for printing operations, and for the perform ance o f services
to m eet the G ov ern m en t’s ow n needs.
Management funds (including consolidated working
funds) are those w hich are created to perm it the pooling
o f advance paym ents from tw o or m ore appropriations
to carry ou t certain activities.
BUDGET SURPLUS, DEFICIT, AND PUBLIC DEBT

Budget surplus and deficit.— T h e budget surplus or
deficit, shown in table 1, represents the difference be­
tween the net budget receipts and net budget expenditures o f
a given year. Cash balances, appropriation balances, and
surpluses and deficits o f previous years are n ot a part of
the calculation.
The public debt.— T a b le 4 gives details regarding the
effect o f each y ea r’s operations u pon the p ublic debt.
T h e bud get surplus or deficit is n ot the on ly fa ctor which
causes a change in the p u b lic debt. T h e am ount neces­
sary to borrow or p ossibly to rep ay is also influenced b y :
Changes in cash balances, the result o f trust fund trans­
actions, the use o f G overnm en t corporation borrow ing
d irectly from the p u blic as a means o f financing budget
expenditures o f the corporation s (and the repaym ents
o f such borrow in g as an application o f public enterprise
fund receipts), and the change in the am ount o f checks
outstanding and other item s in process o f clearance
through the accounts.
BUDGET RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES

Basis oj stating budget receipts.— T able 1 includes a
sum m ary o f budget receipts. Such receipts include all
a2




m on ey paid into the Treasury to the credit o f the general
fund and o f special funds. B u dget receipts never include
m on ey obtained from borrow ing. N or do budget receipts
include receipts o f revolvin g and m anagem ent funds,
since these receipts are dedu cted from their expenditures.
Gross budget receipts represent the total received for the
general and special funds. In those cases where the law
provides an indefinite appropriation to a trust fund in an
am ount equal to certain tax receipts (the old-age and
survivors insurance trust fund and the railroad retirem ent
accou n t), the am ount thereof is shown as a dedu ction
from gross receipts. R efunds o f receipts are also deducted
in arriving at net budget receipts.
Internal revenue and custom s receipts are stated on the
basis o f collections reported b y collecting officers. Other
receipts are reported on the basis o f confirm ed deposits.
Basis oj stating budget expenditures.— T ables 1, 2, 5,
and 7 include inform ation on budget expenditures. Such
expenditures cover the general fund, the special funds,
and the revolvin g and m anagem ent funds. In som e
tables expenditures are stated on a gross as well as a net
basis. T h e difference betw een these tw o bases is in the
group o f p ublic enterprise funds. F o r such funds, the
gross basis covers the total sums expended, while the net
basis consists o f the expenditures less the receipts o f such
funds. (Like budget receipts, p u b lic enterprise fun d re­
ceipts never include m on ey obtained from borrow in g.)
T h e gross figures used here fo r the p u b lic enterprise funds
are derived from the business-type b udget statem ents o f
part II, w hich show expenditures and receipts on an ac­
crual basis w ith a single adjustm ent (on either the expendi­
ture or receipt side b u t n o t b o th ) for the conversion from
an accrual to a checks-issued basis. Therefore, the gross
figures used for such funds are n o t strictly on a checksissued basis, although the n et result is on such a basis.
T h e checks-issued basis o f stating expenditures, w hich
is used regularly for net expenditures o f the public enter­
prise funds and for the expenditures o f all other fund
groups, means that expenditures are reported for the
fiscal year in w hich the checks are issued, regardless o f
when the obligation was incurred or the goods and services
received. M odification s in this basis are m ade as follow s:
(a) W here paym ent is m ade in cash instead o f b y check,
the cash paym ents are an expenditure; ( b) where paym en t
is m ade b y the issuance o f bonds or b y an increase in their
redem ption value, instead o f b y the issuance o f checks, the
bon d issuance is an expenditure; and (c) interest on the
public debt, other than increases in the redem ption values
o f savings bonds, is reported on an accrual basis. In ter­
agency paym ents and reim bursem ents, including those
going into intragovernm ental revolvin g and m anagem ent
funds are n etted ; that is, to avoid double coun tin g th ey
are treated on ly as expenditures o f the agency whose
appropriation or fund is u ltim ately bearing the charge.
Som e incidental reim bursem ents from outside the G o v ­
ernm ent are similarly netted ou t o f all expenditure figures.
R etirem ent o f G overnm ent debt, b oth direct d ebt and
G overnm ent corporation debt, is always excluded from
budget expenditure figures. Sim ilarly, the investm ents
in U nited States G overn m en t securities (w hich occu r
som etim es in the case o f G overn m en t corporations) are
excluded from the expenditure figures.
Eliminations from both receipts and expenditures.— C er­
tain paym ents from one fun d to another are elim inated

a3

SUMMARY TABLES
from budget receipts and expenditures. This is done to
a void inflating b oth sides o f the budget. Paym ents to the
general fund o f earnings and dividends on capital o f
revolvin g funds, and the return o f such capital to the
general fund are the items so excluded.

tures chargeable to budget authorizations is equal to the
portion o f the authorizations credited to the revolving
fund during the year. T h e rem ainder o f the revolvin g and
m anagem ent fund expenditures (or negative expenditures)
are here classified as being charges or credits to balances
o f such funds.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS

T a ble 3 summarizes the budget authorizations available
and their disposition. T able 5 gives a breakdow n b y
a gency o f the new authorizations becom in g available each
year, and table 7 gives supplem entary inform ation on the
balances at start and end of the year.
The obligation basis.— E xpenditures can be m ade on ly
pursuant to appropriations or other authorizations granted
b y Congress. G overnm ent agencies are generally per­
m itted b y law to incur obligations requiring the future
p aym ent of m on ey on ly when th ey have an appropriation
or other authorization available fo r the purpose. T here­
fore, authorizations are enacted to cover obligations
expected to be incurred within the fiscal year rather than
to cover on ly the expenditures w hich are expected to be
m ade during that year in paym ent o f obligations.
Distinction between permanent and current authoriza­
tions.— Tables 3 and 5 distinguish permanent authoriza­
tions and current authorizations. T h e perm anent items
are those under w hich additional sums becom e available
from tim e to tim e under action previously taken b y the
C ongress; no further action is required each year. M o s t
perm anent authorizations are in force until repealed; a
few are in effect for on ly a few years as specified in the
law. T h e current authorizations are those enacted b y
Congress in or im m ediately preceding each fiscal year.
Balances.— M a n y budget authorizations are available
for obligation for on ly 1 year, but som e are available for
longer periods of time. E ven those w hich expire fo r ob li­
gation at the end of 1 year rem ain available for m aking
expenditures in paym ent of such obligations for an a dd i­
tional 2 years, and further expenditures can be m ade
later in paym ent o f such obligations from the certiHed
claims accou n t o f the Treasury. In the case o f salaries
and wages, travel, and like items, the lag between obliga­
tions and expenditures is usually no m ore than a few weeks
or a few m onths. In the case of construction, m ajor p ro­
curem ent, certain research contracts and similar items, the
lag between obligations and expenditures m ay be as m uch
as 1 or 2 years, and som etim es is even longer. F o r some
revolvin g funds and certain other purposes, Congress
has granted obligational authority well in advance of
specific requirem ents, as a means o f p rovidin g for co n ­
tingencies w hich m a y arise. As a result of the foregoing
factors, substantial balances of budget authorizations are
carried forw ard from one year to the next. Such balances
are n ot in the form of cash, but are bookkeepin g authority
for the incurring of obligations or the m aking o f expendi­
tures, for w hich cash m ust be p rovided through channels
o f financial m anagem ent at the tim e the expenditures
occur.
Relating expenditures to authorizations.— Tables 3 and 6
summarize the relationship between budget authoriza­
tions and budget expenditures. B ecause old and new
authorizations are b y law com m ingled in som e o f the
accounts, no attem pt is m ade in the sum m ary figures to
separate actual spending in 1955 between the use o f new
authorizations and the use o f balances. H ow ever, the
budget presents such a breakdow n on an estim ated basis
for 1956 and 1957. In the case of revolvin g and m anage­
m ent funds, it assumes that the portion of their expendi­




TYPES OF NEW OBLIGATIONAL AUTHORITY

Appropriations are authorizations to m ake expenditures
from the general fund o f the Treasury or from the various
special funds. In som e cases the authority to incur ob li­
gations has previously been granted in the form o f co n ­
tract authorizations; in such cases, the appropriation to
perm it the paym ent o f such obligations is said to be to
liquidate contract authorizations. In all other cases app ro­
priations confer authority both to incur new obligations
and to p a y for them.
Contract authorizations are authorizations to incur ob li­
gations prior to the enactm ent of an appropriation. A
con tract authorization does n ot in itself perm it the spend­
ing o f m on ey; hence it m ust be follow ed b y an app ro­
priation to perm it paym ent o f the contracts and other
obligations thus incurred.
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts are authori­
zations to m ake expenditures from borrow ed m oney.
Such authorizations m a y take these fo rm s : (a) A u th oriza­
tions for the Treasury to m ake public debt receipts avail­
able to a given agency or enterprise, often in exchange for
notes o f the enterprise; (b) authorizations for a G ov ern ­
m ent-ow ned corporation to borrow directly from the p u b ­
lic; and (c) cancellation o f notes which have been issued
b y a G overnm ent enterprise and are held b y the Treasury,
where the cancellation has the effect o f perm itting further
expenditures to be m ade (through restoring previou sly
used authority to b orrow from the T reasury).
Reappropriations and reauthorizations are actions to
continue available part or all o f the unused balances o f
prior appropriations or authorizations which w ould
otherwise expire. W h en the authorizations thus con ­
tinued had been previously granted for current operations
o f the year, the continuation o f their availability into a
new year constitutes new obligational authority.
Total new obligational authority shown in table 3 is the
sum o f the various types o f authorizations nam ed above,
less the portion o f appropriations w hich is for liquidation
o f prior con tract authorizations. This total represents
the new authority becom in g available in any given year
fo r the purposes o f m aking com m itm ents.
PROPOSED LEGISLATION AND OTHER ITEMS
TRANSMISSION

FOR LATER

Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 identify b y separate colum ns the
estim ates o f receipts, authorizations, and expenditures
under legislative proposals recom m ended b y the Presi­
dent, and other supplem ental authorizations, and expendi­
tures therefrom , w hich it is expected will be transm itted
later. T able 6 identifies such item s in a separate stub
section. Such estim ates include, in addition to the
various supplem ental estimates w hich are identified in
part II, an allowance for item s w hich cannot be foreseen
now b u t which will be transm itted later when definite
am ounts can be determ ined and the needs can be m ore
specifically identified. Congressional action upon this
allowance will be requested later, n ot at a single tim e nor
as a single lum p-sum item , b u t in the form o f a num ber o f
specific appropriations for individual items.

a

4

TH E

BUDGET

FOR

T

F IS C A L

YEAR

1957

1

a b l e

SUMMARY OF BUDGET RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES
Based on existing and proposed legislation
[In millions]

1956 estim
ate
Description

BUDGET RECEIPTS (see special analysis B ) :
Individual income taxes_____________________
Corporation income and excess profits taxes.
Excise taxes__________________________________
Em ploym ent taxes___________________________
Estate and gift taxes________________________
Custom s_____________________________________
Miscellaneous receipts 1______________________

1955 actual

$31, 650
18, 265
9,211

Under exist­
ing laws and
authorizations
enacted or
recommended

936
606
2, 566

$33, 555
20, 300
9, 689
7, 420
1,025
690
2, 505

69, 454

75, 184

5, 040
599
3, 426

6, 475
625
3, 789

60, 390

64, 295

BUDGET EXPENDITURES (see special analysis C ):
M ajor national security_________________________
International affairs and finance________________
Veterans’ services and benefits__________________
Labor and welfare_______________________________
Agriculture and agricultural resources__________
Natural resources_______________________________
Commerce and housing_________________________
General governm ent_____________________________
Interest__________________________________________
Reserve for contingencies________________________

41, 124
2, 514
4, 496
2, 554
9, 324
1, 304
6,139
1, 204
6 , 438

39, 737
2, 490
4, 633

Gross budget expenditures___________________
D educt applicable receipts (see table on p. m21)_

75, 097
10, 527

Net budget expenditures_____________________

64, 570

Budget surplus ( + ) or deficit ( —) ___________

-4, 180

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Subtotal_______________________________________
D educt—
Transfer to Federal old-age and survivors
insurance trust fu n d______________________
Transfer to railroad retirement trust fu n d___
Refunds of receipts__________________________
Net budget receip ts.

d Deduct, includes proposed postal rate increase of 350 million dollars.
1 Includes internal revenue not otherwise classified.




6, 220

2, 6 6 6

8,
1,
6,
1,
6,

562
248
105
545
875

$205

205

1957 estimate

Total

$33,
20,
9,
7,
1,

555
300
894
420
025
690
2, 505

75, 389

6,

Under exist­
ing laws and
authorizations
enacted or
recommended

$35,
19,
8,
7,

118
080
960
585

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

$1, 2 20

927

206
103
13
53
154
69

$35,
20,
9,
7,

118
300
887
585

1, 1 2 0

1 ,1 2 0

700
2, 805

700
2,8 05

75, 368

2, 147

475
625
3, 789
205

Total

6, 635
660
4, 051

-1 3 1

64, 500

64, 022

2, 278

39, 737
2, 497
4, 839
2, 769
8 , 575
1, 302
6 , 259
1, 614
6 , 875

40,
1,
4,
2,
8,
1,
6,
1,
7,

031
996
902
592
644
249
601
744
066

77, 515

6,

644
596
32
405
426
48
d 302
17
225

635
660
3, 920
66,

300

40, 674
2, 591
4, 934
2, 997
9, 070
1, 297
6 , 299
1,760
7, 066
225

100

100

73, 862
10, 298

705

74, 567
10, 298

74, 825
11, 049

2, 089

76, 914
11,049

63, 565

705

64, 270

63, 776

2, 089

65, 865

+ 230

+ 435

SU M M ARY

TABLES

A5

T able 2
s u m m a r y o f n e t b u d g e t e x p e n d it u r e s

BY FUNCTION AND AGENCY
Based on existing and proposed legislation

[Inm
illions]

1957 estimate

1956 estim
ate

Description

1955 actual

Under au­
thorizations
already
enacted

Proposed
for later
transmission

Total

Under au­
thorizations
enacted or
recommended
in this
document

Proposed
for later
transmission

Total

BY FUNCTION
M ajor national se c u rity -._____________
International affairs and finance______
Veterans’ services and benefits________
Labor and welfare_____________________
Agriculture and agricultural resources _
Natural resources_____________________
Com merce and housing_______________
General governm ent___________________
Interest________________________________
Reserve for contingencies_____________
Net budget ex pen ditu res,..

$40, 626
2 , 181
4, 457
2, 552
4,411
1,081
1 , 622
1 ,2 0 1
6,

438

$39,
2,
4,
2,
3,

467
046
587
664
364
992
2, 029
1, 542
6, 875

206
103
13
53
154
69

$39,
2,
4,
2,
3,
1,
2,
1,
6,

467
053
793
767
376
045
182
611
875

225

$39,
1,
4,
2,
2,

726
512
847
590
938
983
2, 374
1,740
7, 066

$40, 370
2 , 108
4, 879
2 , 995
3, 364
1, 031
2, 071
1, 757
7, 066
225

2, 089

65, 865

$644
596
32
405
426
48
302
17

100

64, 570

65
30

705

64, 270

63, 776

98
37

63, 565

100

123
41

(&
)

(*)

89
36

BY AGENCY
Legislative branch_______________________________
The judiciary____________________________________
Executive Office of the President_______________
Funds appropriated to the President-----------------Independent offices:
Atom ic Energy Com m ission-----------------------Veterans Adm inistration___________________
Other_______________________________________
General Services Adm inistration------------------------Housing and H om e Finance A gen cy------------------Departm ent of Agriculture---------------------------------Departm ent of Com m erce-------------------- ------------Departm ent of Defense— M ilitary Functions----D epartm ent of Defense— Civil Functions---------D epartm ent of Health, Education, and W elfare.
D epartm ent of the Interior_____________________
Departm ent of Justice__________________________
D epartm ent of L abor___________________________
Post Office D epartm ent_________________________
D epartm ent of State_____________________________
Treasury D epartm ent___________________________
District of Columbia (general fu n d )-------------------Reserve for contingencies________________________
Net budget expenditures.

< Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.
*
Less than one-half million dollars.
d Deduct, includes proposed postal rate increase of 350 million dollars.




9

10

4, 381

1, 715
4, 526
656
653
14
3, 630
1, 153
34, 575
567
2, 039
547
207
444
483
148
7, 587
23

22

(&
)

206
15
5
5
22

146
35
93
10
12

15
6

24
2

10

3, 359

994

4, 353

1,715
4, 732
671
658
19
3, 653
1, 298
34, 575
602
2, 132
557
219
459
483
154
7, 611
25

1, 906
4, 788
658
555
a 93
3, 231
1,412
35, 347
618
1, 914
599
217
490
4 67
161
7, 941
31

40
32
48

225

1,946
4, 820
706
556
a 67
3,661
1, 428
35, 547
629
2, 303
616
218
492
117
167
7, 942
33
225

2, 089

65, 865

100

64, 570

63, 565

10

10

4, 462

4, 462

1, 857
4, 405
504
973
153
4, 636
1, 077
35, 532
548
1,993
515
182
394
356
137
6 , 800

123
41

( b)

100

705

64, 270

63, 776

( 6)

26
430
16
200
11

389
17
(&
)
2

d 350

5
1
2

a6

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
T able 3
S U M M A R Y OF B U D G ET AU TH O R IZA TIO N S AN D T H E IR D IS P O S IT IO N

Based on existing and 'proposed legislation

[Inm
illions]

1956
1955 enacted
Enacted

1957

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Total

Recommended
in this
document

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Total

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
New obligational authority (see table 5):
Current authorizations:
Appropriations______________________ _______
Portion of appropriations to liquidate
contract authorizations (—) _________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts.
Contract authorizations____________________
Reappropriations__________________________
Permanent authorizations:
Appropriations____________________________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts
Contract authorizations____________________

$45, 774

$50, 023

$855

$50, 877

$50, 302

-7 3 2
3, 022
53
1, 207

-8 3 9
3, 076
39
413

-1 0 4
5

-9 4 3
3, 081
49
413

-9 8 4
359
20

20

6,819
25
908

7, 303
53
1, 150

7, 303
53
1,150

7, 565

7, 565

57, 076

61,219

61, 984

57, 659

8, 632

67, 751
21,117
2, 477

52, 096
19, 563
2, 613

52, 096
19, 563
2,6 13

47, 442
19, 772
2, 823

152

2, 898

5, 383

5, 383

4, 373

125

« 593

404
-3 3 3

379
-4 0 4

10

1

$7, 451

$57, 753

284
898

-9 8 4
643
898

122

122

273

273

Total new obligational a u t h o r it y _____
Balances brought forward at start of year1 (see table 7):
Appropriations-------------------------------------------------Authorizations to expend from debt receipts____
Contract authorizations________________________
Revolving and management funds (including
U. S. Government securities held)___ ________
Other amounts available:
Adjustment of balances upward for claims, etc.
(net)------------------- - --------------------------------------Authorizations to expend from appropriations of
subsequent year--------------------------------------------Authorizations made available in prior year (—)_

120

21

333
- 3 , 268

404
-333

Total budget authorizations available_________

148, 504

140, 966

870

141, 835

131, 451

9, 540

140, 990

38, 870

601

39, 471

40, 700

2, 01 1

42, 711

806

104

910

982

982

151

151

138

138

25, 170

25,170

23, 497

° 1, 432

« 1, 432

• 1, 540

766

104

2
10

66,

291

47, 594
19, 774
2,8 3 3
4, 373

743

150
379
-4 0 4

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Expenditures in the year (net) (see table 6):
Out of new obligational authority______________
Out of appropriations to liquidate contract
authorizations_______________________________
Out of authorizations to expend from subsequent
year appropriations--------------------------------------Out of balances of prior expenditure authoriza­
tions________________________________________
Out of balances of revolving and management
funds________________________________________
Total expenditures in the year (net)_______
Balances no longer available________________________
Balances carried forward at end of year1 (see table 7):
Appropriations________________________________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts____
Contract authorizations________________________
Revolving and management funds (including
U. S. Government securities held)____________
Total expenditures and balances (net)_____

64, 570

78

23, 575
« 1, 540

64, 570
4, 279

63, 565
2, 991

705

64, 270
2, 991

63, 776
1, 419

2, 089

65, 865
1, 419

52, 096
19, 563
2, 613

47, 442
19, 772
2, 823

152

47, 594
19, 774
2, 833

40, 968
18, 040
2, 045

5, 811
733
908

46, 779
18, 773
2, 952

5, 383

4, 373

4, 373

5, 200

148, 504

140, 966

141, 835

131, 451

2
10

870

5, 200
9, 540

140, 990

« Deduct.
i Balances forw
arded are divided as follow Obligated—July 1, 1954, $48,938; 1955, $37,834; 1956, $40,897; 1957, $45,586; and unobligated—July 1, 1954, $45,305; 1955, $41,821; 1956.
s:
$33,676; 1957, $28,118.




SU M M A R Y TABLES

a

7

T able 4
EFFECT OF FINANCIAL O PE R A TIO N S O N CASH BALANCES AND TH E PUBLIC D EBT
Based on existing and 'proposed legislation
[In millions]
Description

1955 actual

Effect o f operations on cash p osition :
Budget surplus or deficit ( —) (from table 1 )----------------------------Excess o f trust receipts over expenditures (from table 8 )______
Issue or redemption ( —) of debt of Governm ent enterprises
to the public (from special analysis K ) --------------------------- —
Increase or decrease ( —) in clearing account for outstanding
checks ______________________________________________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

— $4, 180
990

$230
2, 059

$435
1, 691

602

211

242

— 29

— 18

23

Subtotal--------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------

- 2 , 617

2, 482

2, 391

Effect of investments of certain accou n ts:
Increase in Governm ent securities held by Government trust
funds ( —) (from special analysis K ) ------------------------------------Increase in Governm ent securities held by public enterprise
funds ( —) (from special analysis K ) _____________ __________

- 1 , 236

- 2 , 516

- 1 , 777

Subtotal____________________________________________________

- 1 , 361

- 2 , 607

- 1 , 891

Total, all factors affecting cash balance and public d e b t-—
Net use o f (reduction in) cash balances____________________________

- 3 , 979
863

-1 2 5
199

500

Net increase ( —) or redem ption o f public debt---------------------

- 3 , 115

74

500

Public debt at beginning o f year.
Net increase___________ _________
Net decrease____________________

271, 260
3, 115

274, 374

274, 300

74

500

Public debt at end o f year.

274, 374

* 274, 300

1273, 800

N ote .—Change in cashjbalance reflected above is computed as follows:

1955

Beginning of year:
Treasury................................. ..........
Held outside the Treasury.............
E nd of year:
Treasury............................................
H eld outside the Treasury.............
Increase ( + ) or decrease




1956

1957

$6,766
845

$6,216
533

$6,000
550

6,216
533

6,000
550

6,000
550

-8 6 3

-199

-1 2 6

-9 1

-1 1 3

1 Because of wide swings in receipts and expenditures and the heavy concentration of
taxes in the latter half of the fiscal year, there will be periods during the year when the
public debt will be considerably greater than this amount.

T H E BU D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957

a8

T able 5
S U M M A R Y OF BUDGET A U TH O R IZA TIO N S
BY TYPE OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND AGENCY

Based on existing and proposed legislation
1957

1956
Description

1955 enacted
Enacted

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Total

Recommended
in this
document

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Total

CURRENT AUTHORIZATIONS
Appropriations:
Legislative branch_________________________________
The judiciary______________________________________
Executive Office of the President_________________
Funds appropriated to the President____________
Independent offices:
Atomic Energy Commission--------------------------Veterans Administration_____________________
Other__________________________________________
General Services Administration-------------------------Housing and Home Finance Agency-------------------Department of Agriculture_______________________
Department of Commerce________________________
Department of Defense— M ilitary Functions-----Department of Defense— Civil Functions-----------Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Department of the Interior_______________________
Department of Justice-------------------------------------------Department of Labor_____________________________
Post Office Department___________________________
Department of State______________________________
Treasury Department_____________________________
District of Columbia (general fund)______________
Reserve for contingencies_________________________

$86, 342,484
31, 570.500
8, 466,814
2,794, 949,816

$92, 707, 472
35, 903, 910
10, 097, 700
2, 727, 841, 750

1,209, 844,700
4,232, 380,465
512, 218,354
536, 763,900
123, 488,340
738, 028,351
1,131, 654,042
29,687, 073,486
466, 386,300
2,001, 414,778
437, 286,299
189, 213,166
447, 167,843
362, 673,686
129, 883.500
617, 246,507
29, 847,000

834, 227, 000
4,466, 007, 000
700, 853,730
737, 779, 000
149, 950,000
975, 242, 752
1,269, 074, 277
33,102, 185,026
584, 806, 514
1, 981, 106, 900
451, 122, 884
199, 895, 000
468, 703, 650
440, 590, 000
141, 495, 905
623, 627, 808
29, 592, 700

$8, 544,126
1, 474, 820
351, 575
25, 000, 000

2,752,841,750

$119,305, 953
40, 784, 635
10,424, 475
9, 900, 000
1, 672, 000, 000
4, 718, 495,000
903, 429, 600
221, 624, 000
177, 325, 000
2, 050, 801, 968
1, 466, 568, 000
33, 782, 250, 000
607, 017, 000
1, 940, 144, 950
515, 125, 350
235, 880, 000
499, 584, 000
470, 000, 000
180, 213, 000
648, 507, 000
33, 058, 650

$101,251,598
37,378,730
10,449,275

$4, 860,000,000
144, 200, 000
45, 000, 000
49, 000, 000

$119,305,953
40,784,635
10,424,475
4,869,900,000
1,816, 200,000
4,763, 495.000
952, 429,600
221, 624.000

2, 000, 000

834, 227.000
4,674 060,600
742, 169,930
743, 667.700
154, 645,500
996, 608,652
1,427, 259.277
33,102, 185,026
621, 061,214
2,124, 675,300
465, 789.278
212, 353,100
483, 622,150
440, 590.000
147, 380,905
648, 616,808
31, 592.700

125,000, 000

125, 000,000

854, 615, 515

50,877,426,493

50,302, 438, 581

10.300.000
37.100.000
50.000.000
788,250,000
28.000.000
2,407,008
26,961,795

32,446, 000
5,300,000
50,000,000
854,000,000

32,446,000
5,300,000
50,000,000
854,000,000

684, 608
41,720, 000

684,608
41,720,000

984, 150,608

208,053,600
41,316, 200
5, 888, 700
4,695, 500
21,365, 900
158,185, 000
36, 254, 700
143, 568, 400
14, 666, 394
12, 458, 100
14, 918, 500
5, 885, 000
24, 989, 000

1,750, 000
462, 568, 500
52, 000, 000
1,117, 450, 000
21, 000, 000

704, 903, 000
32, 693, 494
2, 200, 000

350, 000, 000
56, 000, 000
2,000, 000

250,000,000

45,773,900,331

60, 022, 810, 978

Deduct portion of appropriations for liquidation of prior contract
authorizations:
Legislative branch____________________________________________
General Services Administration____________________________
Housing and Home Finance Agency________________________
Department of Commerce.___________________________________
Department of Defense— Military Functions_______________
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare____________
Department of the Interior__________________________________

7.500.000
4.500.000
39.000.000
626,490,000
34.000.000
1.150.000
19,076,435

10.300.000
37.100.000
50.000.000
684,250,000
28.000.000
2, 407,008
26,961, 795

104,000,000

Total appropriations for liquidation of prior contract
authorizations__________________________ ______ ___________

731,716,435

839,018, 803

104, 000,000

943,018,803

984,150, 608

45,042,183,896

49,183, 792,175

750, 615, 515

49,934,407,690

49,318, 287,973

124,424,567
500.000.000
500.000.000
1,898,000,000

88, 000, 000

5, 000, 000

550,000,000
2,408,000,000
35,168,000

359, 300, 000

3,022,424,567

3,076,168,000

5,000,000

3,081,168,000

359,300,000

Contract authorizations:
Legislative branch______ _____ ____________________
Department of Commerce_______________ ______
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

27,500,000
25,000,000

37,600, 000
10, 000,000

37,600,000
10,000,000

Department of the Interior_______________________

705,903

1,436, 733
420,000

53,205,903

39,456, 733

075.000
370,468
568.000
700.000
017.000
047,950
818,844
880.000
784.000
000,000
213.000
507.000
058,650
000,000

57,753,203,575

88,000,000

550,000, 000
2, 403,000,000
35,168, 000

7,450, 764, 994

179,
2,513,
1,518,
34,899,
628,
2,645,
547,
235,
501,
120,
236,
648,
35,
250,

Total appropriations (excluding refunds of receipts)

Total appropriations which provide new obligational
authority_____________________________ _________ __________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts:
Independent offices:
Veterans Administration____________
Other_________________________________
Housing and Home Finance Agency____
Department of Agriculture______________
Treasury Department____________ _______
Total authorizations to expend from public debt receipts.

Total contract authorizations..

< Deduct, postal rate increase.
*




56,769,052,967

68, 500, 000
15,000,000

68,500,000
200,000,000
374,300,000

283, 500,000

642,800,000

897, 500,000

897,500,000
398,408
420,000

897,500,000

898,318,408

200,000,000

1,436,733
420,000
10,000,000

7, 450, 764, 994

420,000

49,456,733

818,408

SUMMARY TABLES

a9

T a b le 5— C ontinued
S U M M A R Y OF BUDGET A U TH O R IZA TIO N S— Continued
BY TYPE OP AUTHORIZATIONS AND AGENCY— Continued

Based on existing and proposed legislation— Continued
1956
1955 enacted

Description

Enacted

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

1957

Total

Recommended
in this
document

Proposed for
later trans­
mission

Total

CURRENT AUTHORIZATIONS— Continued
Reappropriations:
$114,500
3,669
66,000
600,000
Independent offices:
74,661,382
3,212,690
1,212,252

-

-

___

$334,931,772
1,624,385
197,413
649,361
65,739,080

$20,000,000
10,450

$20,000,000
10,450

1,206,922,482

413,142,011

413,142, 011

20,010,450

20,010,450

49,324,736,848

52, 712. 558, 919

53,478,174,434

49,698,416,831

722,900
2,306,143

106,000
748,100
2, 688,199

106,000
748,100
2,688,199
710,000
195,089,579
7,300,000
29,415,000
9,688,331
75,007,556
2,528,960
6,980,094,551

700.000
725.000
2, 282, 073

7,300,000
36,515,000
9, 688,331
75, 637, 770
2, 559,146
7,164, 899, 585

7,164,899,585

1,126,776,989
75,000
200,000

Department of Defense— Military Fmmtions

Total reappropriations

$344,931, 772
1, 624, 385
197, 413
649,361
65, 739,080

_______

Total new obligational authority under current authori­
zations

___ ____ ________

______________

____________

$765, 615, 515

$8, 631,764,994

58,330,181,825

PERMANENT AUTHORIZATIONS
Appropriations:
Independent offices:
Atomic Energy Commission
. __ ____ __________ ____
Veterans Administration_______________ ____ ______________
Other
-- ___ ____ ________ ___ General Services Administration
_ __ _______ __ _______
Department of Agriculture . __ ______ -- _ _______ ___
Department of Defense— Military Functions
Department of Defense— Civil Functions________ ________ __
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of the Interior
_
_ _ _ _
_
Department of State
- _ -- - __ ___________
Treasury Department
- ___
___ ______ ______

1,216,722
6,520,158,183

7,300, 000
29, 415, 000
9, 688,331
75,007, 556
2, 528,960
6, 980,094, 551

Total appropriations (excluding refunds of receipts)..

6,818,635,759

7,303,376,276

7,303,376,276

7, 564, 859, 833

7,564,859,833

24,833,000

19, 892, 000
32, 938, 564

19,892,000
32,938,564

85,000, 000
29, 948,000
7, 514, 400

85,000,000
29,948,000
7,514,400

Total authorizations to expend from debt receipts..... ..........

24,833,000

52, 830, 564

52,830,564

122, 462, 400

122, 462,400

Contract authorizations:
Housing and Home Finance A g e n c y .-.______________________
___________

907,500,000

200, 000, 000
950, 000, 000

200,000,000
200, 000, 000
950,000,000
73, 000, 000
Department of Commerce___________________

200,000,000
73,000,000

___________________

907,500,000

1,150, 000, 000

1,150,000,000

273, 000, 000

273,000,000

Total new obligational authority under permanent
authorizations
__
___
_______ ________ __________

7,750,968,759

8, 506, 206, 840

8,506,206,840

7, 960, 322, 233

7,960,322,233

Grand total new obligational authority____ ________________

57,075,705,607

61, 218, 765, 759

61,984,381,274

57, 658, 739, 064

..

Authorizations to expend from debt receipts:
Independent offices:
Veterans Administration__ ___________ _____________
Other
- ____ - ______ ______
Housing and Homo Financc'Agency___ _
__
_
_

Total contract authorizations




___ __

500,000
203,519, 738
7,522,074
1,356,319
9,688,331
71,645,349

710,000
195,089, 579

765, 615, 515

700.000
725.000
2,282,073

2,000,000
262, 552, 928

2,000,000
262,552,928
7,300,000
36,515,000
9,688,331
75,637,770
2,559,146

8, 631,764, 994

66,290,504,058

AlO

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
T

able

6

S U M M A R Y OF BU DG ET EX PEN D ITU RES— IN RE LA TIO N T O A U T H O R IZA T IO N S
BT AGENCY

Baaed on existing and proposed legislation
1956 estimate
Expenditures from new authorizations

Other expenditures

1955 actual

Description

From new obligational
authority
Current

From appro­
priations to
liquidate

From balances
of prior
authorizations

Permanent

From receipts
and balances
of revolving
and manage­
ment funds

Total

FROM AUTHORIZATIONS ALREADY ENACTED AND
RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
legislative branch

...

___

-

- ...

___

The judiciary................................................... .............................................

$65,368,149
30,431,879
8,534,505

$65,673,183
33,571,263
9,401,241

$2,721,511

$23,092,163

District of Columbia (general fund).................... ................. —...........

2,261,599
589,071
4,881,375,496
776,823,281
3,622,882,024
9,370,459,955
$2,814,100
5,904,149,313
1,161,570,447
977,826,115
153,335,892
340,300
35,538,930
467,096,711
1,269,885,338
131,870,264
50,000,000
31,200,214
7,654,568,807
26,236,258
1,035,300,984
2,580,867,474
1,096,225,098
369,474,254
680,184,332
106,327,287
35,532,821,050
19,021,825, 544
4,900,000
10,000,000
16,503,474,456
645,839,128
449,149, 606
28,003,400
82,989,757
9,688,331
1,994,322,250 » 1,842, 516, 950
1,561,008
184,839,025
547,718,444 of the Interior_______________________________________
Department
51, 758,050
26,242,351
309,411,895
156,878,142
181,656,867
186, 260,609
21,832, 758
394,915,759
3 438,340,883
5,251,052
2,732,776,844
440.590.000
137,126,384
2,132,960
25,664,836
120.321.000
7,552,758,054
6,979,694,416
607,255,469
190,060,749
21,890,000
19,892,700
3,265,000

Gross budget expenditures________________________________
Deduct applicable receipts_______________________________________

75,096,500,122
10,526,527,307

31,915,164,331

N et budget expenditures from authorizations enacted or

64,569,972,815

31,915,164,331

Executive Office of the President............ .............................................
Funds appropriated to the President........ ...........................................
Independent offices _ ____________________________________________
General fip.rvicfls Administration
.... ____
Honpingand TTnme Finance A g e n c y ....................................
Department of Agriculture_______________________________________
Department, of Cnmmfircfl
. .... ............_
_ ........... , . .
Department nf Defense— Military Functions

_____ _________ _

Department of Defense— Civil Functions_______________________
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare...... ............... .......
Department of Justice._____________ _____ _______________________
Department of Labor____________________________________ ________
Post Office Department.............................................................................
Department of State______________________________________________
Treasury Department _ ____________________ . _______ ___________

7,105,567,815

806,248,132

25,170,142,765

• $2,131,920

335,924,387
2,567,429,829
718,263
900,043,157
3,299,540,336
31,356,953
« 964,717,800
97,475,903
2,483,668
31,914,297
* 1,481,836
2,183,198
2,504,031,175
51,108
60,311,734

8,865,132,452

$89,354,937
35,832,862
9,990,312
4,735,629,692
9,635,963,689
657,030,096
1,113,113,635
6,941,945,052
1,187,342,826
34,575,482,200
657,618,666
2,041,088,982
576,204,735
206,611,531
445,775,133
2,944,621,175
148,169,904
7,837,322,368
23,157,700

10,297,606,970
7,105,567,815

806,248,132

25,170,142,765

73,862,255,495
10,297,606,970

° 1,432,474,518

63,564,648,525

recommended.

FROM AUTHORIZATIONS PROPOSED FOR IATER
TRANSMISSION
Legislative branch________________________________________________
The judiciary_____________________________________________________
Executive Office of the President_____________________ _____ _____
Funds appropriated to the President....................................................
Independent offices_______________________________________________
General Services Administration________________________________
Housing and Hom e Finance Agency................... .................................
Department of Agriculture_______________________________________
Department of Commerce_________________________________ - _____
Department of Defense— Military Functions....................................
Department of Defense— Civil Functions............. .............................
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare________________
Department of the Interior_______________________________________
Department of Justice____________________________________________
Department of Labor_____________________________________________
Post Office Department____________________________ - _____________
Department of State______________________________________________
Treasury Department_____ __________ _________________ __________
District of Columbia (general fund)____ ____ ____________________

8,522,284
1,391,870
*336,600
220, 626,091
5,449, 500
4,672, 000
22,396,385
41, 615, 750

220,626,091
5,449,500
4,672,000
22,396,385
145,615,750

104,000,000

35,402,700
92,995,973
9,601,304
11,976,400
14, 512,776

35,402,700
92,995,973
9,601,304
11,976,400
14,512,776

5,699,000
24,029,023
2,000,000
100,000,000

Reserve for contingencies____________________________ ______ _____

5,699,000
24,029,023
2,000,000
100,000,000

601,227,656

N et budget expenditures from authorizations proposed
for later transmission.
Net budget expenditures___________________________________

8,522,284
1,391,870
336,600

64,569,972,815

32,516,391,987

104,000,000

7,105,567,815

* Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.
* Includes authorizations to expend appropriations of subsequent year in the amount of $121,150,000.
* Includes authorizations to expend appropriations of subsequent year in the amount of $29,392,6463




910,248,132

705,227,656

25,170,142,765

•1,432,474,518

64,269,876,181

A ll

SUMMARY TABLES
T able 6
SU M M A R Y OF B U D G ET EX PEN DITU RES— IN RE LATIO N T O A U TH O R IZA TIO N S
BY AGENCY
Based on existing and proposed legislation

1957 estimate
Expenditures from new authorizations

Other expenditures
Description

From new obligational
authorityCurrent

From appro­
priations to
liquidate

From balances
of prior
authorizations

Permanent

From receipts
and balances
of revolving
and manage­
ment funds

Total

FROM AUTHORIZATIONS ALREADY ENACTED AND
RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
$73,620,686
38,890,535
9,650,982
9,137,268
6,282,957,653
184,452,792
133,189,400
2,099,917,211
384,242,502
19,729,424,000
460.776.000
* 1,734,019,640
353,227,894
205,211,732
» 483,267,155
470,000,000
135.067.000
595,448,259
22,358,650

19,917,511

$88,385,000
1,300,000

5,300,000
50,000,000

75,627,527
854,000,000
5,200,000
35,007,900
9,688,331
51,035,662

684,608
41,720,000

$21, 062,701
1, 996,450
714,059
3,337, 584,361
1,294, 759,973
367, 389,219
5, 740,150
1,059, 975,021
176, 263,170
16, 536, 276,000
122, 442,300
169, 243,822
149, 010,843
13, 986,660
6. 110,778
24,188,000
201,882,415
8,290,000

2,163,000
7,164,498,450

® $1,943,172

321, 477,368
2,615, 013,256
849,093
1,071, 963,490
3,707, 166,381
30, 196,920
° 923, 414,900
85, 776,743
2, 587,841
31, 524,806
° 1» 727.000
2, 276.000
2,560, 319.000

$122,657,726
40,886,985
10,365,041
3,668,198,997
10,281,115,882
559,291,104
1,260,893,040
6,942,686,140
1,444,702,592
35,347,485,100
704,002,943
1,916,224,242
626,519,205
217,471,392
491,653,933
3,030,319,000
161,418,000

6,186,066

7,968,015,190
30,648,650

33,404,859,359

7,432,905,870

981,622,119

23,496,915,922

9, 508,251,892
11,048,579,320

74,824,555,162
11,048,579,320

33,404,859,359

7,432,905,870

981,622,119

23,496,915,922

® 1,540,327,428

63,775,975,842

Legislative branch
The judiciary
Executive Office of the President
Funds appropriated to the President
Independent offices
General Services Administration
Housing and Home Finance Agency
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense— Military Functions
Department of Defense— Civil Functions
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Post Office Department
Department of State
Treasury Department
District of Columbia (general fund)
Gross budget expenditures
Deduct applicable receipts
N et budget expenditures from authorizations enacted or
recommended.

FROM AUTHORIZATIONS PROPOSED FOR LATER
TRANSMISSION
21,842
82,950
14,975
3,500,000
15,540,709
329,200
23,500
3,969,515
4,469,250

990,000,000
104,700,000
26.150.000
425.537.000
11.860.000
200,000,000
9,950,000
346.278.000
13,260,000

21,842
82,950
14,975
993,500,000
120,240,709
26, 173,500
429, 506,515
16, 329,250
200, 000,000
10, 802,000
389, 250,427
16, 821,596
481,700
2, 405,724
d350, 000,000
5, 456,000
959,977
2, 000,000
225, 000,000

852,000
43,972,427
3,561,596
481, 700
405,724

2,000,000
* 350,000,000
5,270,000

186,000
959,977

2,000,000
225,000,000
2,011,005,000

2,089,376,365

78,371,3

Legislative branch
The judiciary
Executive Office of the President
Funds appropriated to the President
Independent offices
General Services Administration
Housing and Home Finance Agency
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense—M ilitary Functions
Department of Defense— Civil Functions
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Post Office Department
Department of State
Treasury Department
District of Columbia (general fund)
Reserve for contingencies
N et budget expenditures from authorizations proposed for
later transmission.

35,415,864,359

7,432,905,870

981,622,119

23,575,287,287

•1,540,327,428

65,865,352,207

* Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.
* D educt, proposed postal rate increase.
* Includes authorizations to expend appropriations of subsequent year in the amount of $108,459,895,
* Includes authorizations to expend appropriations of subsequent year in the amount of $29,392,646.




Net budget expenditures

a

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957

12

T able 7
BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
BY TYPE AND AGENCY

Based on existing and proposed legislation
1955 actual

1956 actual

1957 estimate

1958 estimate

Description
Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

BALANCES OF PRIOR AUTHORIZATIONS
FOR EXPENDITURE
Appropriations enacted or recommended:
Legislative branch______________
_________
Executive Office of the President__________
Funds appropriated to the President_____
Independent offices:
_
Atomic Energy Commission_ ________
Vp.tp.rfvns Administration
Other
___________ ____ _______ ______ __
General Services Administration___ _____
Housing and Home Finance Agency _ __
Department of Agriculture. _____________
Department of Commerce______ ____________
Department of Defense— M ilitary FuncDepartment of Defense— Civil Functions._
Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare _

_ ______________ ____________
_

Department of Justice _________ ______ __
Department of Labor______________ _____ __
Department of State _______
_____________
Treasury Department_______ _______________
District of Columbia (general fund)________
Total balances of appropriations enacted
or recommended___ __ _ ________________
*

$23, 274,146
2, 258, 235
549,133
3, 673, 243, 609

$7,293,310
7,167
96, 409
64, 576,195

$28, 481, 933
1,996,450
694, 690
3,106, 979,972

755,331,371
113, 630, 395

96, 254, 787

1, 250, 689, 266
104, 830,107
123,974,452
328, 462, 272
2, 031, 300
145, 259, 229
230,109, 791

79,044,000
98, 678, 292
127, 746,294
556, 867,360
9, 000, 000
232, 241,735

23,397, 841

1,130, 243,123
99,407, 910
101,114,145
469, 677, 428
576,691
140, 877,305
104,153, 354

83, 970, 261

235,668, 857
249,892, 761
2,194, 800
184,038,499
330,184, 857

31,061,907,136
158,488, 623

17, 717,094,087
95, 356, 055

25,193, 701, 785
112,315, 954

18, 254, 872,462

26, 825,809, 278
159, 677,835

12, 757, 247, 573
53,872,941

26, 395,336, 953
227,166,127

9,413, 502,051

47,160,840

431,645,990
159, 727, 706
17,934,301
7,195,343
28,636, 207
61,187, 650

138, 435,923
91, 986, 802
558, 547
39,774,160
29, 485,914
8,164,170
15, 530,000

431, 646,332
145, 450,011
22, 505, 257
5, 277, 786
21, 536, 404
61, 548, 776

100, 957, 955
86, 515,323
302, 942
2,000
18, 503,622
5,171, 630
23, 487, 000

488, 676, 238
173,854, 729
14, 462,832
26,141, 715
26,450, 223
51,706, 653

62, 044,065
39,023,105
125,000

501,191,833
182, 807,809
22,497, 440
36,347, 782
51,162, 571
53,173, 965

57,118,455
23,828,346
8, 750,000

42,807, 710, 766

24, 943, 393, 627

31, 739,357,384

20, 356, 475, 883

33,090, 288,965

$1,639, 546

$17, 593,915
1,266,851
724,005
7,060,924,971

185,971
2, 514, 768, 836

2,398, 649,143
70,773,834
117, 096, 056
866, 346, 934
358, 545
215,402, 758

404, 691,532
3, 084, 588,163
124,422, 516
361, 689,136
9,000, 000
282, 624,428

131, 850, 798

129,047, 583
333, 559, 886
9, 984,000
309, 721,006

$2,488, 508
40,000
210, 374,130

8,629, 238
459, 261
29,922,000

$19,126,456
1,894,100
778,464
1, 064, 215, 273
1,064, 852, 266
152, 722, 489

$88, 508

32,170,976
119,381,613
300,618,860
9,000, 000
142, 597, 602
35,857,523

11,828,449

5,121,036
453,410
32,332,000

10,192, 648,829

4,012,300,000

13,000,000

156, 081,000

The judiciary..

30, 775, 253,302

25, 000, 000

Appropriations for later transmission:
Legislative branch._ _________ __ _
_ _
_
__________ _____ _
Funds apnropriated to the President______
Executive Office of the President__________
Independent offices:
Atomic Energv Commission_______ __
Veterans Administration______________
___ __________________
O th e r __ _____
General Services Administration__ ____ __
Housing and Home Finance Agency_______
Department of Agriculture____________ _____
Department of Commerce_________ ____ ____
Department of Defense— M ilitary Func­
tions
_______ _______ _
Department of Defense— Civil Functions
Department of Health, Education, and

14, 351, 773, 763

15, 000,000

51,997, 000

44, 006,000
110, 000

21,842
82,950

__

14,975

1, 904,160
8, 539, 549
219, 200
23, 500
1, 469, 515
1,969, 250

18,300, 000
220, 000

10, 600, 000

600, 000
50, 031, 500
48, 240, 000
917,450, 000
11, 050, 000

852, 000

366, 225, 000
20,936,988

_ __
_
_______ ___ _______________

50, 572, 427
5,065,090
462, 700
405, 724
186, 000
959, 977

Total balances of appropriations for later
transm ission_
_ ______________________

72, 748,859

54,139, 000

5,680, 201,488

80,510,351

W e lf a r e .___ ____ ________
______________
Department of the Interior__________ _____
Department of Justice
__ ________________
Department of Labor. _ _ __________________
Department of State
Treasury Department

Grand total balances of appropriations...
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts:
Funds appropriated to the President___ Independent offices: Other------------ ----------Housing and Home Finance A g e n c y ______
Department of Agriculture________ ____ ____
Department of Defense— Civil Functions
Treasury Department . _______________ ___
Total balances of authorizations to ex­
pend from debt receipts___ ______
____




19, 000

2, 754,351
200,000
45,090, 000

5, 640, 000

42,807,710,766

24,943,393, 627

31, 739,357,384

20,356. 475, 883

33,163, 037, 824

14,405,912, 763

36,455,454, 790

10,273,159,180

758,350, 252
502,147, 669
2,063, 006,406
2,947,022,963

664, 111, 427
840, 786,726
1, 383, 294, 983

655,113, 044
1, 209,399,005
1,526,033,880
2,607,151,386

446, 375, 988
7, 206, 312, 295
2,876,361,120
455,728,333

510,189, 232
1,742,441,563
1,737,857, 212

6, 206,550,437
2,503,137, 788

1, 840, 646, 931

624, 848,128
7,550,057,574
2, 647, 086,197
1, 224,372,788

2,196,936,873

353,942,846

4,497,252

769,426, 743
7,359, 950,362
1, 781, 354, 383
1, 997, 720, 820
150,000,000
2,783, 363, 778

4, 300, 058

2, 783,399, 942

2, 874,863

2,786, 255,137

2,684,863

2,786,557,137

6, 275,024, 542

14,841,816,086

4, 733,140,125

14,829, 764, 629

6, 000,572,178

13,771,032,873

6,190,109,743

11,850,188,208

a 13

SUMMARY TABLES
T a b l e 7— C ontinued
BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR— Continued
BY TYPE AND AGENCY— Continued

Based on existing and proposed legislation— Continued
1955 actual

1956 actual

1957 estimate

1958 estimate

Description
Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Unobligated

BALANCES OF PRIOR AUTHORIZATIONS
FOR EXPENDITURES— Continued
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts for
later transmission:

$2,500,000

$556,017,000
175, 000, 000
2, 000,000

2, 500,000

733, 017, 000

Total balances of authorizations to ex­
pend from debt receipts for later trans-

Grand total of balances of authorizations
to expend from debt receipts.--- - - -

$6, 275, 024, 542 $14,841, 816, 086

$4, 733,140,125

$14,829, 764, 629

6, 003, 072,178 $13, 771, 032,873

6, 923,126, 743

59, 358, 957
1, 709, 662
421, 742,318
24, 000, 000
953,956,097
39, 428, 000

39,100, 000

$11, 850,188, 208

BALANCES OF CONTRACT
AUTHORIZATIONS
Legislative branch---------- -----------------------------------General Services Adm inistration... ----------------Housing and Home Finance Agency. -------------Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce___________ _________
Department of Defense— Military Functions...
Department of Health, Education, and W el­

878,755,872
46, 045, 836

fare__________ . --------------------------------------------Department of the Interior----------- ----------------Contract authorizations for later transmission:
Department of Commerce. ___
______ __

24, 204, 636
19, 500,000
387, 915, 491
70, 500,000
743, 565, 300
63,954,164

1,013, 377, 381
17,716,094

44, 246, 000
3, 019, 662
336, 242, 318
48,000,000
872, 784, 804
58, 283, 906

6,096, 791
97, 000, 000

41, 364
55, 000,000
84, 084, 509

752, 848
6, 500, 976

2, 682, 352
73, 529, 904

39, 380, 338
96, 757, 682

9, 687, 043
3, 590, 338
161, 257, 682
1 1,093, 915,616

254,000
18,537,571
10, 000, 000

439, 842, 318

1 1,095, 065, 616

164, 806,097

647,800
10, 737, 571

1,451, 740

137, 250, 000

2, 031, 740
33, 500, 000

293,157, 682

770, 250, 000

1,063, 927, 581

1, 412, 736,382

1,174, 485, 319

1,438, 788, 946

1, 297,242, 250

1, 535, 726, 774

1, 575, 958, 669

1, 376,350,155

Legislative branch______________________________
« 12, 656, 284
Funds appropriated to the President__________
17, 726, 535
Independent offices:
66, 625,366
Veterans Administration___________________
240, 552,141
Other________________________________________
29,128,638
General Services Administration----------------------139, 651, 394
Housing and H om e Finance Agency___________
Department of Agriculture___ _______
_______
582,683
«2, 327,952
Department of C ommerce. . .
. . . ____________
Department of Defense— Military Functions... < 1,951, 523,618
=
Department of Defense— Civil Functions______
40,390,453
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
913,807
«4,029, 567
Department of the Interior________ _____________
Department of Justice______________________
_.
1,070,493
427,846
Department of Labor_________________________ .
214,897,049
Post Office Department_________________________
234,660
Department of State____ ________________ _______
9, 746, 727
Treasury Department_______ ___________________

25, 730, 628
4,838, 631

c 11,388,871
51, 742, 481

23, 421, 688
58, 642, 970

* 12, 954, 954
13, 579,176

24, 623, 490
34, 919,364

« 13,724,012
21,474,344

24,835, 720
14, 256, 696

25,037, 791
671, 492, 738

48, 390, 526
567,190,667
* 13,418,170
341,332,722
70,166,743
48,192,126
3, 792, 253,444
36,447,052
1,643, 259
19, 575,393
4,793,066
2,058,929
88,493,493
263, 257
106, 792,022

99,980,044
«5, 754,800
61,356,662
167,981,339
29,267, 579
«7,032, 716
« 180,423,350
45,827,105
308,314
5,154, 206
747,682
385,641
163, 155,959
297,870
26,991,805

89,883,948
549,560,031
•37,064, 244
372,374,771
80,664,908
43,353,898
2,724,790, 051
27,012, 531
1, 544,677
16,601, 541
3, 277,351
1,115,207
7,000,000

99, 934, 291
c 14,818, 240

*1,939,911
367, 593,202
99,617,763
49,686,590
2, 640, 222,133
40,144, 281
1, 532, 735
26, 619,082
3,387, 278
2,683,129
150,678, 553
235,673
• 479, 589

109,323, 268
66, 269,438
35,649, 296
147,632,936
27,716, 556
« 5,020, 650
« 509,672,691
43,313,927
622,169
6, 453,057
550,131
389,143
206, 044, 250
289,115
16,815, 605

24,154,609

81, 259,481
172, 003,985
9,911,172
«9, 251,386
«1,481,007
47, 558, 512
67,039
1,834,950
747,682
444,086
165,943, 000
297,870
19, 712,855

120,368,352
558,711,689
• 54,169,687
440,339,142
103,979,041
48,438,759
3, 294,412,866
24, 990, 281
1, 629,167
14,839,792

4,107,080,707

186,729,160

5,196,239,187

408,867, 562
25,000,000

3,963,812,133

581,914,622

40,897, 219,814

33,676,484, 543

Total balances of contract authorizations.
BALANCES IN REVOLVING AND
MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including U . S. Government securities held)

626,762
7,000,000
18,301,493

Total balances in revolving and manage­
ment fu n d s._______ _____________________
Reserve for contingencies .......................................

«1,208, 589,629

Total balances available at start of year..

48,938,073, 260

45,305,026,802

37,833,711,988

« Deduct, excess of receivables over obligations.
• Deduct, excess of obligations over cash and receivables.
* Reduced by $104,000,000 to give effect to 1956 supplementals proposed for later transmission.




41,821, 268,645

4,618,560,073

50,000,000
45,586,454,824

28,118,257,616







P A R T

II

ESTIMATES FOR FEDERAL FUNDS
B u d get
(b y

A u th o r iz a tio n s ,
O r g a n iz a tio n

E x p e n d itu r e s

U n it

and

and

A cc o u n t

B a la n c e s
T itle )

an d
D e ta ile d

E s t im a te s , N a r r a tiv e s , a n d

S c h e d u le s

Legislative Branch
The Judiciary
Executive Office of the President
Funds Appropriated to the President
Independent Offices
General Services Administration
Housing and Home Finance Agency
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense— Military Functions
Department of Defense— Civil Functions
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Post Office Department
Department of State
Treasury Department
District of Columbia

1




IN T R O D U C T IO N T O P A R T II
Part II contains the details of the budget for Federal
funds, including various types of tables and schedules,
explanatory statem ents of the w ork to be perform ed and
the m on ey needed, and the text of the language proposed
for enactm ent b y Congress on each item of authorization.
Included herein is also material on funds of the m unicipal
governm ent of the D istrict of C olum bia, and a few other
trust funds which require congressional action. Th e con ­
tents of part I I are arranged in chapters reflecting the
organization of the G overnm ent.
S U M M A R IE S

OF

BUDGET

E X P E N D IT U R E S

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S ,

AND

BALANCES

A t the beginning of each chapter a table in large type
summarizes budget authorizations available, and a second
table summarizes expenditures and other dispositions of
the am ounts available. B oth tables segregate the items
proposed for form al transmission to Congress later as sup­
plemental estimates from those items already enacted or
form ally recom m ended in this docum ent. Supplementals
required for 1956 due to p ay act legislation enacted last
summer are identified separately here and in the detail.
Summary of budget authorizations available.— -This sum ­
m ary indicates the totals of each typ e of new obligational
authority for the year, the totals of the various types of
balances brought forw ard into the year, and any interchapter transfers or net upw ard adjustm ents of budget
authorizations. T h e various types of authorizations are
explained in the introduction to part I (pp. a2 and a3).
Summary of expenditures and balances.— This summary
indicates the total expenditures for the chapter, the p or­
tion of the unspent available am ounts w hich ceases to be
available during or at the close of the year, and the
balances carried forw ard into the next year.
F or the years 1956 and 1957, there are estim ated the
portion of the expenditures which will com e out of
appropriations or other authorizations granted b y
Congress for that year, and the portion which will com e
from perm anent authorizations and from balances of
prior authorizations brought into the year. A dditional
entries are used where required for expenditures which
will com e from appropriations m ade to liquidate prior
contract authorizations, and for expenditures from
balances and receipts of revolving and m anagem ent funds.
Because old and new authorizations are com m ingled in
some accounts, no attem pt is m ade in the sum m ary
figures to separate actual spending in 1955 between old
and new authorizations.
In preparing the estimates for 1956 and 1957, it is
generally assumed that prior year balances available in
com m ingled accounts will be obligated before the new
authorizations are obligated, and that expenditures will
reflect the liquidation of those obligations on the basis of
previous experience. W here the obligation and expendi­
ture are simultaneous, the first-in, first-out m ethod is
used to assign expenditures between old and new authori­
zations. In the case of revolvin g funds where budgetary
authorizations are com m ingled with receipts, it is assumed
that authorizations are expended in an am ount equal to
the sums placed in the revolvin g fund during the year, and
that the rem aining expenditures or net collections are a
charge or credit to balances of the fund.
Summaries of balances.— A t the b ottom o f the foregoing
summaries, there is given {a) a further analysis of the
authorization balances w hich are carried forw ard each
year, indicating the respective am ounts w hich are ob li­
gated and u n obligated ; and (b) a further analysis of the

am ounts written off or otherwise ceasing to be available
each year, indicating the m anner o f writeoff.
STATEM ENT

OF

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

O R G A N IZ A T IO N

U N IT

AND

AND

E X P E N D IT U R E S

ACCOUNT

A sum m ary listing of the organization units in each
chapter shows the new obligational authority and expen di­
tures for each. The detailed listing which follow s is
divided in several sections: Current authorizations (other
than those for revolving and m anagem ent funds), perm a­
nent authorizations, revolving and m anagem ent funds, and
supplemental items proposed for later transmission.
T ypes o f authorizations other than appropriations are
set forth under the applicable appropriation titles, identi­
fied b y separate stub entries. Functional code num bers
appear in a separate colum n, indicating the category in the
functional tables (special analyses C and L o f part IV )
where each item has been included.
T w o deductions appear at the end o f the table. One
deduction, in the authorization column, covers the appro­
priations which are to liquidate contract authorizations
and hence to be excluded in arriving at new obligational
authority. The other deduction, in the expenditure
colum n, is for receipts of public enterprise funds, to be
subtracted in arriving at net budget expenditures.
A separate double-page table is used for revolvin g and
m anagem ent funds. A ppropriations and other budgetary
authorizations to use general fund m on ey for revolving
funds are shown in this section. It also shows the total
am ounts p rovid ed b y operations, the total am ounts
applied to operations, and the net expenditures (which is
the difference between the two other figures).
IN T E R A G E N C Y

F IN A N C IA L

T R A N S A C T IO N S

F or funds appropriated to the President and other
appropriations which are allocated b y one agency to
another for construction, for m ajor procurem ent, for serv­
ices to be carried on beyond the year, or for services which
b y m utual agreement are to be so handled, the am ount so
allocated is accounted for separately b y the receiving
agency. The use of the m on ey is shown in a section of
the budget under the parent account, rather than in the
portion of the budget for the receiving a gen cy.
M o st other paym ents between agencies are accounted
for in consolidated w orking funds or as reimbursements
to appropriations. E ach such paym ent is included in an
appropriate ob je ct class o f the parent account and the
use o f such advances and reimbursements is regularly
shown in a separate schedule of the receiving agency.
Such schedules of advances and reimbursements are b u d g ­
eted like m anagem ent funds. In a few cases where inter­
agency paym ents are significant in determ ining the app ro­
priation needs of the receiving agency, the reim bursem ents
are shown in the appropriation schedule o f the receiving
agency instead o f in separate schedules.
D E T A IL E D

M A T E R IA L

Th e display for general and special fund appropriations
explained on page 4 and the financial statem ents used
for revolving funds are explained on page 5. The m an­
agem ent funds (including schedules o f advances and
reim bursem ents) follow the same style as general and
special funds with an extra sum m ation o f am ounts p ro­
vided and applied, printed at the end of the schedule o f
budget authorizations, expenditures, and balances.
3

360000— 56--------1




BY

T IT L E

EXP LA N A TO R Y IL L U ST R A T IO N OF B U D G E T S FO R G EN E R AL AN D SPECIAL FU ND AC C O U N TS
R an type .sh w th text used in the 1956
om
os e
appropriation acts.

' Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities, Justice
APPROPRIATION LANGUAGE
T e language proposed by th P
h
e resid t fo
en r
in sion in th 1957 appropriation acts is p ted
clu
e
rin
at th head of each item req irin action. T e
e
u g
h
language in th 1956 appropriation acts is u
e
sed
as a base. Im ediately follow the language
m
ing
are citation to relevan law and th appropria­
s
t
s
e
tion fro w ich th text is taken
s m h
e
.

PROGRAM AND FINANCING
In th p
e rogram by activities section obligations
are broken dow bv purpose, program project o
n
,
r
activity. T is breakdow especially tailored for
h
n,
each agency and account, reflects th particular
e
d ties and respon
u
sibilities fo w ich it receives
r h
m
oney.
' T e fin cin section explains th m
h
an g
e ethod of
fin cin the program and the disposition of
an g
am ts n u d rin the year.
oun ot sed u g

For expenses necessary for the legal activities of the Department
of Justice not otherwise provided for, including miscellaneous and
| emergency expenses authorized or approved by the Attorney General
or his Administrative Assistant; and advances of public moneys
\ suant to law (31 U. S. C. 529); [$9,300,0003 ,$42^0,000.
U . S . C . 2 2 , 2 9 1 , 2 9 3 , 2 9 5 , 3 1 0 , 3 1 5 , 3 4 1 ; D e p a r tm e i

NARRATIVE STATEM
ENTS

!

Estimate 1957, $10,420,000

P O RM A D F A C G
R G A N IN N IN

Obligations refer to-orders placed, con
tracts
aw
arded, and services received d rin the year,
u g
regardless of the tim of paym
e
ent. Appropri­
ations or oth obligational authority m st be
er
u
provided by the C gress before obligations can
on
be in rred
cu .

These activities are those which are carried on by the
Department’s law offices, except the Antitrust Division,
for which a separate appropriation is made.
1. Conduct oj Supreme Court proceedings and coordina­
tion oj appellate matters.—This consists of supervising and
controlling all appellate matters and representing the
Government before the Supreme Court.
2. General tax matters.—Cases arising under the internal
revenue laws and other tax statutes are prosecuted or
defended.
'3. Criminal matters.—These cover all actions in criminal
law except tax, internal security, and antitrust matl
4. Claims, customs, and general civil matters.z—
^L'hese
covcr the prosecution or defense of civil suits and'claims
of the Government except tax, land, and alien property
matters.
5. Land matters.—These consist of all civil suits and
matters relating to title, possession, and use of Federal
lands and natural resources, and representation of the
United States in all civil litigation pertaining to Indians
and Indian affairs.
6. Legal opinions.—Opinions are prepared for the Presi­
dent and executive agencies, and proposed Executive
orders and proclamations of the President are reviewed
with respect to form and legality.
7. Internal security matters.—Litigation and related
matters pertaining to the internal security of the United
States are handled.
A supplemental appropriation of $50,000 is to be sub­
mitted for the defense of Indian claims, pursuant to 60
‘ Stat. 1049.
O classification
bject

OBLIGATIONS BY O JE TS
B C

Total num of perm
ber
anent positions
Full-tim equivalent o all other positions.
e
f
Average num of all em
ber
ployees........
Num of em
ber
ployees at end of year.....
Average salaries and g e
rad s:
Q
eneral Schedule g e
rad s:
Averagesalary............... ......
Average grade.......................
0 Personal services:
1
Perm
anent positions-----------Positions other than perm
anent-Regular pay above 6 -w b
2 eek ase_
Paym above basic rates..... .
ent
Total personal services......... .
0 Travel . . . ..................
2
0 Transportation of things............
3
0 Com unication services............
4
m
0 Rents and utility services ........
5
0 Printing and reproduction...........
6
0 O contractual services... .......
7 ther
0 Supplies and m
8
aterials_____ ___
0 Equipm
9
ent........................
IS Taxes and assessm
ents..............
Total obligations.......... ......

* B ets enclose m
rack
aterial w ich it it proposedto
h
om in 1957.
it

Com
parative tran
sfen represen obligations
t
w ich w financed fro th account d rin 1955
h
ere
m is
u g
bu are financed fromanother account in 1956 and
t
1957. S ch obligations are om
u
itted fro th
m e
p
rogram by activities in th schedule and are
is
added to th oth schedule involved to m all
e er
ake
3 yean com
parable for both accounts.

Programbyactivities:
1 Conduct of Suprem Court p
.
e
roceed­
ings and coordination of appellate
m
atters..........
2G
. eneral tax m
atters.
3 Crim m
.
inal atter^
__________
4 Claim custom and g
.
s,
s,
eneral civil
m
atters......................
5 Land m
.
atters.......................
6 Legal opinions......................
.
7 Internal security m
.
atters....... ...
Total obligations.................
f Financing:
Com
parativetransferstoother accounts.
Unobligated balancenolonger available.
Appropriation (adjusted)..........
Proposed supplem
ental due to pay

ol a n
b ig tio s

T ere is sh n for each account a su m of
h
ow
m ary
personal services and a classification of the obliga­
tion according to a u ifo list of objects. T
s
n rm
hese
object classes, num
bered fro 01 to 16, reflect th
m
e
n re of th th gs or services purchased, regard­
atu
e in
less of th p
e urpose or the n re of th programfo
atu
e
r
w ich they are used.
h

_ Italic type indicates proposed n*w language
and fig res.
u

p r o p r i a tio n A c t, 1 9 5 6 .)

^Appropriated 1956, $9,300,000

P O R M A D P R O MN B
RGA N E F R A C

T e w rk planned and services proposed to b
h o
e^>
carried ou are described briefly u d each
t
n er
appropriation o fu
r nd. W
here practicable th
e
n
arrative statem ts indicate the expected accom-'
en
p m t in relation to the financial estim and
lish en
ates
| e tom m res of p
iv
e easu
rogram and perform
ance,
n the case of perm ent appropriations, the n
an
ar­
rative statem ts also explain the source of th
en
e
m
oney andth statu basis forth appropriation.
e
tory
e

—1
■

I

1 5 actual
95
19
,1 2
2
7
15
,1 6
18
,1 6

Balance w ich expired for obligation purposes
h
at the endof the year, andw ich it no longer avail­
h
able for expenditure.

Headings in the n
arrative statem ts usually
en
agree w theschedulesof obligations by activities.
ith

. P an
erm ent positions are those of a full-tim
e
n re w ich are of indefinite duration. Som
atu
h
e
are filled by person w tem
s ith porary appointm
ents.

1 5 estim 1 5 estim
96
ate 9 7
ate
10
,3 5
2
0
18
,2 1
15
,2 8

12
,3 0
1
7
10
,3 9
18
,2 7

$ ,1 9
66
O
S-8.7

$ ,5 5
64
G
S-8.6

$ ,6 6
69
G
S-8.6

$ ,1 7 9
7 9 ,0 2
17 70
6, 0
2 ,0 0
75
33
,6 0
7 9 ,42
,3 5 7
24 59
4, 6
19
,2 9
7 , 68
90
22 9
6 ,1 3
69 9
8 ,0 7
4 ,8 9
08
10 7 5
1, 9
1 ,0 5
95
8 4 .07
,8 3 0

$ ,3 5 6
8 4 ,0 6
11 0
3 ,0 0
3 , 73
21
40
,8 1
8 1 ,5 0
,5 3 8
26 0
4 ,1 0
70
0
8 ,6 0
40
20 0
8 ,0 0
61 0
7 ,8 0
4 ,3 0
10
5 ,3 0
82
1 ,6 0
70
9 1 ,0 0
,9 4 0

$ ,6 0 2
8 7 ,8 9
13 0
1 ,0 0
30
,8 1
8 8 ,6 0
,7 7 3
33 0
2 ,1 0
70
0
8 ,6 0
50
27 5
8 ,5 0
83 0
1 ,6 0
4 .2 0
20
12
6 ,4 0
1 .2 0
80
1,4 0 0
0 2 ,0 0

T is en rep
h
try resen the n m er of (a) full-tim
ts
u b
e
and regularly scheduled part-tim em
e
ployees in
pay statu on the last w
s
orkday in Ju e ana (b) in
n
­
term t em
itten
ployees w w al any tim d rin
ho ork
e u g
June. T is is the basis fo rep
h
r
orts to the C
ivil
S
ervice Com ission.
m
Average salaries and grades are com
puted
arithm
etically. The average salary m
ay fall
eith w in or outside the salary range of th
er ith
e
average grade.

B D E A T O IZ T N , E P N IT R S A D B L N E
U G T U H R A IO S X E D U E N A A C S
BU G AUTHORIZATIONS, EXP D R S s
D ET
EN ITU E
AND BALANCES
T is schedule sh s total budget authorizations
h
ow
available d rin the year and th disposition as
u g
eir
betw
een expenditures, balances carried forw
ard,
and balances, ceasing to be available.
E en itu
xp d res d rin th year are d
u g e
istrib ted
u
betw
een th w ich com fro authorizations of
ose h
e m
th sam year, h called cu n authorization
e
e
ere
rre t
s
(w eth of a perm ent or non
h er
an
perm ent n re)
an
atu
and th
ose w ich cotn fro authorizations of a
h
e m
p r year. Inth budget, proposed supplem
rio
is
ental
appropriations for 1956 to m pay in
eet
crease
costs are included in th regu schedules, and
e
lar
expen res fro th anticipated su
ditu
m e
pplem
entals
are also separately identified. P
roposed supple­
m tal appropriations fo oth purposes ore
en
r
er
sh n i.i separate schedules at th end of th
ow
e
e
ch ter.
ap
in th case of m
e
anagem fu d an additional
ent n s,
section is included to sn th total fu d provided
ow e
ns
by operations (receipts) and applied to operations
(checks issu
ed) ana the n effect on budget
et
expen
ditures.

4




B D E A T O I AI N
U GT UHRZ TO

Appropriation..................
Transferred to “Salaries and exp ifce
e s,
United St3tes attorneys and m
arshals.
Justice” (Reorganization Plan N 2o
o. f

O
bligated balance brought

_ T e obligated balance b gh forw
h
rou t
ard (plus
the unobligated balance if it is still available for
obligation) is a part of the balance available at
the sta o th year sh n in th chapter su m
rt r e
ow
e
m ary
data.
T is is an exam
h
ple w ere su
h
ccessive annual
appropriations are m
ade. If appropriations of
tw or m years w m
o
ore
ere erged u d the law a
n er
,
single fig re w
u
ould appear in th colum fo
is
n r
expenditures out of both c rre t and p au or­
u n
rior th
izations.

E P N IT R S J
XE D UE

Expenditures—
O o current authorizations.
ut f
O o anticipated supplem appro­
ut f
ental
priation ................
O o prior authorizations
ut f
Total expenditures-Balance nolonger available:
U
nobligated (expiring for obligation)
Other------------------------O
bligated balance carried forw
ard
Total expenditures and balances.

T is en includes am ts w ich cease to be
h
try
oun h
available to expenditure for variou reason
r
s
s—
savin because actual paym
gs
ents on obligations of
p
rior years are less th am ts previously
an
oun
reported as obligations, balances tra sferred to
n
th certified claim account because th appro­
e
s
e
p
riation lapsed for expen
diture purposes, etc.

EXPLANATORY ILLUSTRATION OF BUDGETS FOR REVOLVING FUNDS
T h e financial statem ents shown below are regularly
used for revolvin g funds. Such funds also have narrative
statem ents on program and perform ance. B udgetary
authorizations for such funds and lim itations on expenses
of G overnm ent corporations follow the general form at
STATEMENT OF SOURCES AND .
APPLICATION OF FUNDS
T is c balanced presentation of the am
his
t
ounts
becoming available d rin the year, either in the
u g
form o' cush or other w
orking capital, and the way
in w
hich these am
ounts have been used.
T e statem excludes depreciation, losses on
h
ent
locns, and othei transactions w ich affect neither
h
cash n other cu t assets and liabilities. It
or
rren
does reflect transactions w
hich affect cash, accounts
receivable, accounts payable, other accrued liabili­
ties, inventories of suppites for adm
inistrative p r­
u
poses, deferred charges and credits.
B the funds applied and the funds provided
oth
parts of the statem
ent are divided betw
een
"operations" and T
reasury “financing."
F intragovernm
or
ental funds, net expenditures (the
s iv of am
ci
ounts applied to operations, less am
ounts
provided by operations) are included in budget
expenditures.
F public enterprise funds, the total am
or
ount
applied to operations is included in gross budget
expenditures. T su of am
he m
ounts provided by
operations for su funds m
ch
ake u the deduction
p
(for applicable receipts) used in arrivin at net
g
budget expenditures.

illustrated on the opposite page. In selected cases,
statem ents B and C are condensed considerably and a
new form of program and financing schedule is added
(see, for example, p. 193).

< and application of funds
/

1 5 actual
95
FUNDS APPLIED
T operations:
o
Acquisition of assets: Equipm
ent
Expenses:
Purchases of m
aterials
- ......
Other expenses__
Increase in selected working capital
Total applied to operations.
T financing:
o
Increase in Treasury cash
Total funds applied
FUNDS PROVIDED
By operations:
Realization of assets: Proceeds fromsal
of equipm
ent
Operating incom
e
...........
D
ecrease in selected working capital.
Total provided by operations
By financing:
D
ecrease in Treasury cash
Total funds provided . __ .

1 5 estim
96
ate 15 estim
97
ate
j

$4 59
3, 2
70 4 6
1, 8
17 0 5 9
, 7, 8

$0 0
3 ,0 0
70 0
2 ,0 0
1,8 5 0
6 ,0 0

251 0
, 2 ,0 4
4 ,3 9
70
2 58 9 3
, 6, 1

265 00
, 1, 0
1, 2 7
74
2 62 27
, 3, 4

2 57 63
, 3! 9
2, 2 3
7 8
2,5 ,9
68 13

1 0 iC
,0 0
10
,1 0
2 6 2 0 0 r 2 2 , oat
, 1, 0
,6 4
1,2 7
94
2 2 , (K
,6 5 W
2 32 47
,6 ,3

2,5 ,9
68 13

2,6 ,2
32 47

$0 0 0
3, 0
70 0
2 ,0 0
1 69 00
,8 .0
90
,0 0
26 8 0
, 2 ,0 0

Selected w
orking capital item com
s
prise the cu
r­
ren assets (other than cash w Treasury, inven­
t
ith
tories for sale or m
anufacture, and w
ithout deduct­
ing any valuation allowances) less the cu t
rren
liabilities (other than reserves).

2 6 8 O "1
, 2, ^

3 00
,0
2,62), 0 0
0

ET EXPENDITURES
$ ,5 1 0
2 2 ,6 4
2,5 ,9
68 13
-47,309

$ ,6 5 0
2 1 ,0 0
2 3 , 27
,6 2 4
-17,247

$ ,62 0
2 8,00
2 25 00
,6 ,0
30
,0 0

-47,309

Net effect on budget expenditures .

If the enterprise acquires m
aterials for m
anu­
facture or sale, purchases for m
anufacture or sale
are included in expenses in th statem
is
ent, w
hether
or not the m
aterials are used w in the year.
ith

-17,247

> Net effect on budget expenditures includes the
spending of appropriations for the revolving fund
as w as the spending of the fund's ow receipts.
ell
n
A negative figure here indicates collections in
excess of expenditures.

3 00 '
,0

B. Statement of income and expense
Incom fas w as expenses) is usually based on
e
ell
the accrual m
ethod of accounting.
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSE
T is is a statem of the incom and expenses
h
ent
e
and the resulting profit or loss for the year. T is
h
statem is norm
ent
ally on a fu accrual basis, in
ll
­
cluding in the expenses su s for depreciation and
m
provision for losses on receivables. It also indi­
cates losses and chargeoffs w
hen they occur. In
addition, gains or losses fromthe sale of equipm
ent
or other assets appear here.
At the bottom of th statem
is
ent there is an
analysis of the retained earnings or cum
ulative
deficit, show any additions to it d rin the year,
ing
u g
any charges m
ade against it, and the balance at
the end of the year.

Incom
e:

S le o g o s a dse ic s..............
a s f o d n rv e
R ta in o efro q a
en l c m m u rters. -.....
T in m
otal co e............... ...........

If the enterprise conducts a sales operation, the
cost of goods sold, rath than purchases, is con­
er
sidered an expense in th statem
is
ent.

Expenses:

C st o mte ls so :
o f a ria ld
P rc a s o m te ls.............. .
u h se f a ria
M te ls d n ted
a ria o a .......................
D c a inm te ls in tory
e re se
a ria ven ___
C st o mte ls so ...... .........
o f a ria ld
O e e p n s....................... .
th r x e se
D p cia no equipm
e re tio n
ent...........
T e p n s........................
otal x e se
N o e tin lo (—
et p ra g ss )...............
Nonoperating incom or loss (—
e
):
P c e s fro s leo fix da ts____
ro e d m a f e sse
N b o v lu o a ts sold...........
et o k a e f sse
N n n p ra glo (—
et o o e tin ss 1..........

Depreciation and other expenses not show on
n
statem A are indicated separately.
ent

T is entry agrees w the balance sheet. It
h
ith
represents cum
ulative profits kept in the business,
w
hether In the form of cash, inventories, receiva­
bles, or fixed assets.

Net loss (— for the year.........
)
ANALYSIS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
R ta e e rn g b g n go year___
e in d a in ?, e in in f

Retained earnings, end.of year.... .
C. Statement of financial condition

1 5 actual 1 5 estim 1 5 estim
95
96
ate 9 7
ate

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION T is is a balance sheet of assets, liabilities, and
h
investm of the Governm at the close of the
ent
ent
fiscal year. Like the other statem
ents, it is norm
ally
on an accrual basis.
When in
terest is paid on part or all of the invest­
m of the U. S. Governm
ent
ent, th section is broken
is
dow to indicate the am
n
ount w
hich has been in
­
vested by the Governm
ent on w ich the fu
h
nd
pays interest, the am
ount invested on w
hich the
fund does not pay interest, and the retained
earnings or deficit.




ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash with Treasury:
Operations. ------------------Deposit funds_____________
Accounts receivable____ ___ ___
Inventory of supplies and m
aterials....
Total current, assets. ... ........
Fixed asse
ts:
Equipment......... .... .
....
Less portion charged off as depreciaTotal fixed assets.
. ...
Total assets
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable.
Accrued expenses
___ ... .
1deposit liabilities
...... .......
Total liabilities. ___ ___ ___
INVESTMENT OF U S GOVERNMENT
. .
Principal of fund:
Appropriation____ ___ ______ I
Donated assets, net . .
Total principal of fund.... ........
Retained earnings_____ ________
Total investm of U S G
ent
. . overn­
m
ent........... .................
Total liabilities and investm of
ent
USG
. . overnm
ent.... ............

$ 4 ,7 3
25 5
4 ,77
0 2
44 9
4 .0 0
7 ,7 3
55
86 2
0 ,3 3

$ 6 ,0 0
23 0
40 0
.0 0
45 0
2 ,0 0
7 .0 0
50
83 0
0 ,0 0

$ 6 ,0 0’
20 0
4 .00 |
0 0
430,0001
7 .0 0
50
85 0
0 .0 0

37 5
9 ,1 9
23 6 2
1, 1
13 4
8 ,5 7
989,870~

47 19
0, 5
21 1
3 ,1 2
16 4
7 ,0 7
99 4
7 ,0 7

48 5
1 ,1 9
27 1
4 ,6 2
10 57
7, 4
95 57
7, 4

14 6
2 ,0 !i
2 6 4S
8, 0
4 ,7 7
0 2
41 0
5 .2 4

15 3
2 ,6 4
25 0
8 ,0 0
4 ,0 0
00
40 3
5 ,6 4

11 3
2 .6 4
25 0
8 ,0 0
4 ,0 0
00
46 3
4 ,6 4

30 0
0 ,0 0
21 9 5
0, 9
51 9
0 ,9 5
36 7
,6 1

30 0
0 ,0 0
21 9
0 ,9 5
51 9
0 ,9 5
2 ,4 8
61

30 0
0 ,0 0
23 9
0 ,9 5
53 9 5
0, 9
2, 9 8
4 1

58 6
3 ,6 6

58 1
2 ,4 3

58 9 3
2, 1

99 7
8 ,8 0

99 4
7 ,0 7

95 57
7, 4

T is entry represents cash on deposit w the
h
ith
T
reasury. If the fund has any cash in com ercial
m
banks, it is also included here. It excludes any
balances of appropriations (or other authoriza­
tions) w
hich have not yet been paid into the fund.

'Liabilities" norm
ally m
eans w
hat is owed fo
r
goods and services w ich have been received.
h

The investm of the U. S. Governm indicates
ent
ent
the Governm
ent's in
terest as ow
ner, plus the Gov­
ernm
ent's in
terest as creditor in the form of notes
payable to the T
reasury w
here a Governm corent
poration has authorization to borrow on su
ch
notes.

Note.—
Obligated balances are as follow June 3 , 1 5 , -$42,087; 1 5 , —2 ,1 3 ]
s:
0 94
95 $ 0 8 1 5 , $ 3 ; 1 5 , —8 6 (negative figures represent receivables, etc., in e
9 6 6 4 9 7 $ ,3 6
xcess of obll’- 1
gations).
\
Unobligated balancesareasfollow June3 , 1 5 , $ 4 ,5 1 1 5 , $ 6 ,9 6 1 5 . $ 6 3 6 ,
s:
0 94 2 0 3 ; 95 2 5 3 ; 96 2 2 61 5 , $ 6 ,3 6
97 2 8 6 .
' ’i

Cash balance with Treasury on June 3 , 1 5 , w $ 9 ,4 4
0 9 4 as 1 8 4 .

1

Obligated balances consist of cu t liabilities
rren
show on the statem plus su other obligations
n
ent
ch
or com itm
m ents as m not have m
ay
atured into
liabilities, m u the cu t assets that are included
in s
rren
in selected w
orking capital. The total cash m u
in s
obligated balances m
akes up the unobligated
balance used in com
piling chapter sum ary data.
m

L E G IS L A T IV E

BRANCH

SUMMARY OF BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

NEW OBLIG ATIO N AL AU TH O R ITY
Enacted oi recom m ended in this docum ent:
Current authorizations:
Appropriations___________________________________________________________
Portion of appropriations to liquidate contract authorizations ( — )__
Reappropriations_________________________________________________________
Contract authorizations__________________________________________________

$92, 707, 472
- 1 0 , 300, 000

106, 456, 984

Total new obligational authority enacted or recom mendedProposed for later transm ission:
Appropriations: Pay increase costs________________________________

$86, 342, 484
- 7 , 500, 000
114, 500
27, 500, 000

120, 007, 472

$119, 305, 953
— 32, 446, 000

37, 600, 000
86, 859, 953

8, 544, 126
106, 456, 984

Grand total new obligational authority_______________________

128, 551, 598

86, 859, 953

BALANCES AND O TH ER AM O U N TS AVAILABLE
Balances brought forward at start of year from—
Appropiiations enacted_________________________
Appropriations proposed for later transmission.
Contract authorizations________________________
Revolving and management fu nds_____________

19, 233, 461

30, 567, 456

24, 246, 000
13, 074, 344

44, 246, 000
12, 032, 817

Total balances available_______________

56, 553, 805

86, 846, 273

111, 706, 819

Total budget authorizations available.

163, 010, 789

215, 397, 871

198, 566, 772

30, 970,
21,
69, 046,
11, 668,

441
842
000
536

SUMMARY OF BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
1955
Obligated

Balances of prior authorizations for expenditure:
Appropriations enacted or recommended__________
Appropriations proposed for later transmission____
Balances of contract authorizations_____________________
Balances in revolving and management funds (includ­
ing U . S. Government securities held)----------------------Total balances available at start of year..

« Deduct, excess of receivables over obligations.
6




$17, 593, 915
41,364

1956

Unobligated

$1,639, 546 |

Obligated

$23,274,146

1957

Unobligated

44, 246, 000

24, 204, 636

$7, 293,310

Obligated

$28,481,933
21,842
9, 687, 043

« 12, 656,284

25,730,628

* 11,388,871

23, 421, 688

‘ 12,954,954

4,978, 995

51, 574, 810

11,885,275

74,960,998

25,235, 864

1958

Unobligated

$2, 488, 508

Obligated

$19,126,456

Unobligated

$88, 508

59,358,957

39,100,000

24, 623, 490

« 13, 724,012

24,835, 720

86, 470,955

44, 502,444

24,924,228

L E G IS L A T IV E

BRANCH

SUMMARY OF EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
1955 actual

1957 estimate

1956 estimate

EXPEN DITU RES
From new authorizations enacted or recom m ended in this docum ent:
Out of new obligational authority: Current authorizations______
Out of appropriations to liquidate contract authorizations_______

$65, 673, 183
2, 721, 511
68, 394, 694

T otal expenditures from new authorizations enacted or recom m ended.
From authorizations proposed for later transm ission:
Out of current authorizations: Pay increase costs_______ ________________
Out of balances of prior expenditure authorizations: Pay increase costs.

$73, 620, 686
29, 917, 511
103, 538, 197

8, 522, 284
21, 842

$65, 368, 149

Other expenditures:
Out of balances of prior expenditure authorizations_______________
Out of receipts and balances of revolving and management funds -

23, 092, 163
« 2, 131, 920

21, 062, 701
« 1, 943, 172

20, 960, 243

19, 119, 529

65, 368, 149

97, 877, 221

122, 679, 568

10, 796, 367

5, 813, 831

6, 460, 532

Total other expenditures___________________________
Net budget expenditures___________________________
BALANCES N O T EXPENDED
Balances no longer available_________________ ____________
Balances carried forward at end of year in—
Appropriations enacted or recom m ended_______
Appropriations proposed for later transmission.
Contract authorizations________________________
R evolving and management funds_____________

30, 567, 456
44, 246, 000
12, 032, 817

30, 970,
21,
69, 046,
11, 668,

19, 214, 964

441
842
000
536

39, 100, 000
11, 111, 708

Total balances carried forward at end of year.

6, 846, 273

111, 706, 819

69, 426, 672

Net expenditures and balances________________

163, 010, 789

215, 397, 871

198, 566, 772

SUMMARY OF BALANCES NO LONGER AVAILABLE
1955 actual

Capital transfers from revolving fund to receipt accounts____ ____ __
_ _ _ .
Balances expiring and lapsing and adjustment of balances downward ( n e t ) __
___
Total balances no longer available

_________ ___ ________________ ____ ____

_ _
___
________ ._
__

______ __________

_ _
_

_
_
____
______ ____ _____ _

______ ___________

_ ________
_

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$7,434, 694
3,361, 673

$2,496,201
3,317, 630

$2, 500, 000
3, 960, 532

10,796, 367

5, 813,831

6, 460, 532

Deduct, excess ofrepayments andcollections overexpenditures.

*




7

8

TH E

BUDGET

FOR

F IS C A L

YEAR

1957

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
No.

EX PENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1957

1955

enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1955

1956

1957

estimate

actual

estimate

estimate

RECAPITULATION BY ORGANIZATION UNIT
$20,152,055
35, 247, 150
2, 564,095
5,675,400

$14, €09, 487

517, 886

253,600
10,677, 253

219, 501
9, 317, 591

87, 270

12, 290, 400

5, 785,409

2,343,315
23, 546,801
244,094
10, 417,644
10,803,255

120,007, 472

86, 859,953

65, 368,149

97,877,221

122, 679, 568

$2,166, 240

$2,166, 240

51,000

51,000

$1,519,306
159,860
47,110

4.000

4, 000

$18,247, 545

$1S, 201, 941

Senate_____________ _____ ____
House of Rspresentatives...
Legislative miscellaneous___
Architect of the Capitol______

$16,174, 597
28,972, 170
1, 584,281
37, 914, 400

$16,315, 720
31,123,"05
2,440,610
48, 463, 890

B tanic G a r d e n ____
Library of Congress_______ .
Government Printing Offtce_

225, 500
9, 560,936
12,025,000

246.000
9, 767, 937
11,650,000

106, 456, 984

$1,520,001
240, 000
51, 000

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures_________________________ ’__________

$3,886, 825
4, 016,185
35, 960

26,610,131
1,499, 127
7, 326,903

$18, 247, 545
32, 274, 567

$18,201,941
32, 373,450
2, 426,121
47,816,661
253,000
10, 647, 466
10, 960, 929

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT
Current authorizations
(Other than revolving and management funds)
Senate:
Salaries of Senators______________________________________
Expense allowance of Senators................................................
Mileage of President of the Senate and of Senators____
Expense allowance of the M ajority and M inority

601
601
601

Leaders,.------------------------------------------------------- ---------------Compensation of the Vice President of the United

601

States_______________________________ ___________________
Expense allowance of the Vice President------- ---------------Salaries, officers, and employees............... .............................
Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate, legislative
reorganization................... .........................................................
Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate Policy Com ­
mittees______________________________ _____ _____________
Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate, Joint Com ­
mittee on the Economic Report----- ----------------------------Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate, Joint Com ­
mittee on Atomic Energy ____________________________
Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate, Joint Com ­
mittee on Printing_________________________________—
Contingent expenses, Senate, automobile and mainte­
nance for the Vice President---------------------------------------Contingent expenses, Senate, automobiles and mainte­
nance, for the President pro tempore. ____________
Contingent expenses, Senate, automobiles and mainte
nance, Majority and M inority Leaders__________
Contingent expenses, Senate, reporting debates am
proceedings___________________________________________
Contingent expenses, Senate, cleaning furniture.------Contingent expenses, Senate, furniture and repairs—
Contingent expenses, Senate, expenses of inquiries and
investigations_________________________________________
Contingent expenses, Senate, folding documents--------Contingent expenses. Senate, materials for folding___
Contingent expenses, Senate, fuel for heating appa­

601
601
601

31,667
10,000
9,891,372

35,070
10, 000
10,272, 855

35,070
10,000
14,037,115

31, 667
10,000
9,021,367

601

125,000

100,000

100,000

98, 367

601

151, 558

190, 000

190, 000

127,373

601

124,575

124, 575

135, 560

116,971

601

188,060

258,060

222, 775

172,134

601

48,737

57, 595

57, 735

44,770

601

5, 835

8, 460

8, 785

5,359

601

5,835

8, 460

8, 785

6,08

001

11, 070

16. 920

17, 570

11, 700

601
601
601

143, 273
3,190
24, 000

146, 210
3,190
19, 000

157,135
3,190
19,000

139, 785
1,203
24, 465

601
601
601

2,049,894
27,000
1,500

1, 224, 120
27, 000
1, 500

1,292, 000
29, 000
1,500

1, 682,239
25, 785
1,208

601
601
601
601
601
601

2,000
55, 000
9, 560
1, 223, 030
3, 500
940

2.000
55, 000
9, 560
1, 290, 680
4,000
1.975

2,000
55,000
9, 560
1,305,810
4, 000
975

1,980
45,345
11.786
1,125,024
3,782
940

fOl
601
601

19, 400
129,950
14, 550

29,100
184, 600
14,550

29,100
184, 600
14, 550

16,600
84,083
10, 686

601

62, £00

ratus____ ______________________________________________
Contingent expenses, Senate, kitchens and restaurants.
Contingent expenses, Senate, mail transportation.
Contingent expenses, Senate, miscellaneous items.
Contingent expenses, Senate, packing boxes---------Contingent expenses, Senate, postage______________
Contingent expenses, Senate, airmail and specialdelivery stamps__________________________________
Contingent expenses, Senate, stationery----------------Contingent expenses, Senate, communications____
Payments to widows and heirs of deceased Members
of the Senate_____________________________________

Total, Senate.




16,174, 597

$3,886, 825

62, 500

16. 315, 720

3, 886, 825

14, 609, 487

18,247, 545

18, 201,941

9

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES— Continued

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE-Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
N o.

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
D O C U M E N T -Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
House of Representatives:
Salaries of Members and Delegates, House of Repre­
sentatives______________________________________________
Mileage of Members and Delegates, House of Repre­
sentatives and expense allowance of the Speaker____
Mileage and expenses of Members and Delegates,
House of Representatives----------- ---------------------*
............
Salaries, officers and employees________ ___________ _____
Clerk hire, Members and Delegates------------------------------Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, fur­
niture_____ ____________________ *_______________________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, fur­
niture repairs and packing boxes_____ _______ ________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, mis­
cellaneous items___________ _____ ________________ ______
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, re­
porting hearings_______ ________________________________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives,
special and select committees_________________ _______
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, ex­
penses of special and select committees_____________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, Joint
Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation___________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, Joint
Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy..
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, office
of the Coordinator of Information____ _______ _____ ___
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, tele­
graph and telephone............................. ................................. .
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, sta­
tionery revolving fund................................................ ...........
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, at­
tending physician............ ........................... .............................
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, post­
age sta m p s .......................................... ............. ......... .............
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, folding
documents__________________________ _____________ _____
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, revi­
sion of laws___________________ _________________________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives,
Speaker’s automobile....................... ........................... .........
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, auto­
mobile for the majority leader____ ____________________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, auto­
mobile for the minority leader___ _____ ________________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, prepa­
ration of new edition of the United States Code_____
Payments to widows and heirs of deceased Members
of the House of Representatives______________ _______ _

601

200, 000

1 , 942, 250
6

1, 273, 500
4,800, 608
11, 500, 000

5,054, 565
11, 500, 000

5, 754, 460
14, 600, 000

910,116
4,160,319
10, 812, 451

601

220, 500

245,000

231,800

215,096

601

1,984

601

880, 707

865, 000

965, 000

662, 212

601

125, 000

125, 000

125, 000

70, 895

601

1, 250, 000

1, 250, 000

1, 400, 000

1, 084,123
26

601
601

200, 000

200, 000

601

20, 000

20, 000

001

77, 600

82, 825

86,985

75,680

601

800,000

800,000

900.000

658, 525

601

525, 600

525, 600

525, 600

469,988

601

8,985

8,985

12,145

8, 953

601

94,050

92, 760

92, 760

94,050

601

147,000

125.000

165.000

130, 482

601

13, 700

13, 700

16.500

16, 417

601

7,350

7,200

14,900

7,273

601

11,235

5, 835

6,500

11,047

601

5,835

5, 835

13.500

5, 713

601
601

220, 000

$4, 016,185

188,058

20,000

2, 274, 567

32,274, 567

32, 373, 450

50,000

50,000
31,123, 305

601
601
601

17,900
61,317
135,184

601

127,000

26, 610,131

20,843
48,289
132, 734

163.000

137.000

35,247,150

19, 600
82,495
165.000

4,016,185

17,900
76,940
153.000

112, 840
2,343,315

35,960
601
601
601
601

$32,373,450

34, 473

100.000

28,972,170

20,000
47,280
1,169, 700
6,000

1, 584, 381

2, 440, 620

19,612

22, 500
47,280
1,978,000
8,000

50,000
2,076,000
8,000

47,280
1,169,700
6,000

2, 564,095

1,499,127

« 58,171

601

Deduct, excess ofrepayments andcollections overexpenditures.




$9, 897,000

601
601
601

Total, legislative miscellaneous______ _______________

*

$9,896, 000
200, 000

601

Total, House of Representatives_
legislative miscellaneous:
Uniforms and equipment, Capitol Police, House of
Representatives_____________ _______ __________ _______ _
Capitol Police Board, House of Representatives.............
Salaries and expenses, Senate, Legislative Counsel____
Salaries and expenses, House of Representatives, Legis­
lative Counsel............. ............................................................. .
Salaries and contingent expenses, Senate, Joint Com ­
mittee on Federal Expenditures______________________
Education of Senate, House, and Supreme Court pages.
Penalty mail costs, House of Representatives............... .
Statement of appropriations_______ ____ _____ ___________
Contingent expenses, House of Representatives, joint
Senate and House recording facilities.............. ........... ..

!6, 960, 500

35,960

2, 343, 315

2,426,121

THE BUDGET FOR, FISCAL YEAR 1957

10

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES— Continued

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit 'and account’ title

Func­
tional
code
No.

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1956
estimate

1955
actual

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT—Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
Architect of the Capitol:
Salaries, Office of the Architect of the Capitol_________
Contingent expenses, Architect of the Capitol_________
Capitol Buildings, Architect of the C a p itoL ___ _
FAtension of the Capitol. Architect of the Capitol_____
Contract authorization (indefinite)__________________
■Portion of above appropriation to liquidate contract
authorizations____________________________________
Capitol Grounds, Architect of the Capitol____________
Subway transportation, Capitol and Senate Office
Buildings, Architect of the Capitol_________________
Senate Office Building, Architect of the Capitol_______
Acquisition of site, construction, and equipment, addi­
tional Senate Office Building, Architect of the
Capitol___________________________________________
Portion of above appropriation to liquidate contract
authorizations____________________________________
1 egislative garage, Architect of the Capitol___________
L o 's e Office Buildings, Architect of the Capitol______
Reappropriation____________________________________
Acquisition of property, construction and equipment,
additional House Office Building, Architect of the
Capitol________________________________ _ _______
_
Contract authorization (indefinite)_________________
Portion of above appropriation to liquidate contract
authorizations_____________ _ __________________
Capitol Power Plant, Architect of the C a p itoL ______
Changes and improvements, Capitol Power Plant,
Architect of the C apitol__________________________
Portion of above appropriation to liquidate contract
authorizations___________________________________
structural and mechanical care, Library buildings and
grounds, Architect of the Capitol___________________
Furniture and furnishings, Library buildings and
grounds, Architect of the C apitol__________________
Miscellaneous:
Capitol Building, Senate and House roofs and cham­
bers_______________________________________ _____
Reconstruction, repair, alteration, and improvement,
Capitol Grounds, Architect of the CapitoL _______
Rotunda frieze, Capitol Building, Architect of the
Capitol_______ ______
______________________
Terrace of Capitol Building, Architect of the Capi
tol: Reappropriation_______________ _____________

$138,000
655.100

$186, 200

$203, 500
50,000
743,200
16,000,000

50,000
1,140,000
5,000,000
37, 600,000

$186,186
45,000
1,087,633
1,000,000

631,183

$202, 700
50,000
783.200
20,000,000

281,480

$127,097

282,600

307,200

280, 000

(16,000,000)
282, 600

3, 500
864, 600

3, 500
960,690

3, 500
1,009,200

3,134
842,005

3, 437
946,095

3, 500
1,004,200

6,000,000

8, 500, 000

5, 250,000

528,169

8, 500,000

8, 500. 000

(6,000,000)
34,200
995, 600

(8, 500, 000)
38, 500
1,125,000

(5,250,000)
38, 500
1,149,900

31,968
1,060, 468

38. 320
1,112,179

38, 500
1,147,900

2,103

4,997,897

10,000,000

70,000

601
GI
D

10,000,000

5,000,000
27, 500,000

(10,000,000)

601
601

1,237,000

1,279, 500

1,304,300

1,233,986

1,272,137

1,300,300

601

1, 500,000

1.800,000

1,196,000

1,521,087

2,637, 725

3, 625,061

601

(1, 500, 000)

(1,800, 000)

(1,196,000)

215

403, 700

732,500

809,000

371, 254

724, 356

799,000

215

50, 000

68,000

81, 700

52,176

67, 284

79, 700

1,916

13, 722

4

610, 996

601
601

611,000

35

601
601

Total, Architect of the Capitol_____

641, 082

44, 500
45,414.400

38,121, 400

22, 354

7,326, 903

23, 546,801

47,816, 661

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless ot herwise specified)
1955

1956

1957

FUNDS PROVIDED
(by operations)

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Intragovernmental funds
Library of Congress:
Advances and reimbursements_____________________________________
Government Printing Office:
Government Printing Office revolving fund

Total revolving and management funds




_______

215

$276, 825

$297,288

$291, 563

610

83,012,867

78,648,000

83,289,692

78,945, 288

76,200,000
76,491, 563

11

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES—Continued

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITIE—Continued
EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT— Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
Botanic Garden:
Salaries and expenses, Botanic Garden-----------------------

$219,501

$244,094

$253,000

!308,379

5, 335, 908

4,709,478

5,179, 305

5, 325, 820

1,158, 060

80,415

1,287,547

1,076,506

1,264,918

1,284,457

897, 300

984,877

70, 055

1,067, 387

874,456

1, 063, 962

1, 060, 037

1, 349,100
260, 000
90, 000
25, 000

1, 350, 000
300,000
90, 000
25, 000

52, 359

1, 000, 000

1, 000, 000

6, 678

1,501,430
300,000
90, 000
27, 500
1, (167. 481

1, 270,467
257,434
98, 277
24,186
963, 202

1,438,189
318, 666
97, 573
24, 579
1, 033, 578

1,491, 289
293,871
118, 312
27, 000
1,044,081

$225, 500

$246, 000

215

4, 815,636

4, 860, 000

518

1,123, 900

601
215
215
215
602
217

12,851
2, 951

215
215

369

215
9, 560, 936

Government Printing Office:
Printing and binding, Government Printing Office----Salaries and expenses, Office of Superintendent of
Docum ents________________________________________

9, 767,937

9, 200,000

Total, Library of Congress_____________________

Total, Government Printing Office_______

$253, 600

215

library of Congress:
Salaries and expenses, Library of Congress.--------------Salaries and expenses, Copyright Office, Library of
Congress___________________________________________
Salaries and expenses, Legislative Reference Service,
Library of Congress________________________________
Salaries and expenses, distribution of catalog cards,
Library of Congress--------- --------------------------------------General increase of the Library of Congress___________
Increase of the Law L ib ra ry .. . . . . . -----------------------------Books for the Supreme Court, Library of Congress-----Books for the blind, Library of Congress______________
Miscellaneous accounts:
General printing and binding, Library of Congress...
Printing catalog cards, Library of Congress.. ----------Salaries and expenses, Library buildings, Library of
Congress_______________ __________________ __ _____

10, 677, 253

9, 290,177

10,420,770

10, 644, 867

9, 300,000

8,800,000

601

517, £

9,385, 537

9, 982,049

9, 900,000

2, 825,000

2,850,000

87, 270

2, 990,400

2,820,453

2, 950,000

3,006,700

12, 025,000

11,650,000

87, 270

12, 290,400

12, 205, 990

12, 932, 049

12, 906, 700

130, 307, 472

8, 544,126

119, 305, 953

71, 761, 316

100,009,141

124,622, 740

* 6, 393,167

* 2,131,920

> 1,943,172

8, 544,126
8,544,126

119,305, 953

65, 368,149

97,877, 221
8, 522, 284

122,679, 568
21,842

119, 305, 953

65, 368,149

>9,354,937

122, 657, 726

8, 522, 284

21, 842

119, 305, 953

65, 368,149

97,877, 221

122, 679,568

610

____

Total current authorizations, other than revolving
and management funds_________________________
Revolving and management funds
Intragovernmental funds (see “ Net effect on budget
expenditures” in detail section below )_______________
Total____________________________________________
Deduct anticipated pay increase supplementals_________

113, 956, 984

130, 307,472

Total enacted or recommended in this docum ent..

113, 956, 984

130, 307, 472

Grand total______________________________________
Deduct portion of appropriations for liquidation of prior
contract authorizations_______________________________

113, 956, 984

130, 307, 472

7, 500,000

10, 300,000

Total new obligational authority_________________

106, 456, 984

120,007,472

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION
Under existing legislation
Anticipated pay increase supplementals (see above)____

8, 544,126
8, 544,126

32,446,000
8, 544,126

86,859,953

Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.
REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)
FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

1955

1956

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title
1957

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT

$304,239

$294,162

$294, 162

$27, 414

« $3,126

$2, 599

76, 592, 286

76,519,206

74, 254,229

“ 6, 420, 581

“ 2,128, 794

* 1, 945, 771

Intragovernmental funds
Library of Congress:
Advances and reimbursements
Government Printing Office:
Government Printing Office revolving fund

76, 896, 525

76,813,368

74, 548, 391

« 6,393,167

• 2,131, 920

• 1,913,172

Total revolving and management funds

a Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.




12

TH E

BUDGET

FOR

F IS C A L

YEAR

1957

CU R R E N T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S
SENATE
S a l a r ie s o f S e n a t o r s , M il e a g e o f t h e P r e s id e n t o f t h e S e n a t e
a n d o f S e n a t o r s , E x p e n s e A l l o w a n c e o f t h e M a j o r it y a n d
M in o r it y L e a d e r s o f t h e S e n a t e , a n d S a l a r y a n d E x p e n s e
A l l o w a n c e o f t h e V ic e P r e s i d e n t

Salaries o f Senators
For com pensation of Senators, [including agency contribution
for Federal employees group life insurance, as authorized by Public
Law 598, Eighty-third C on g ress,! $2,166,240. ( Legislative Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $2,166,240

Estimate 1957, $2,166,240

M ileage o f President o f the Senate and o f Senators
For mileage of the President of the Senate and of Senators,
$51,000. ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $51,000

Estimate 1957, $51,000

Expense Allowance o f the M ajority and Minority Leaders, Senate
For expense allowance of the M ajority Leader and the M inority
Leader of the Senate, $2,000 each, in all, $4,000. (Legislative
Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $4,000

Estimate 1957, $4,000

Compensation of the Vice President o f the United States
For the com pensation of the Vice President of the United States,
[in cluding agency contributions for Federal employees group life
insurance, as authorized by Public Law 598, Eighty-third C ongress,]
$35,070. ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $35,070

Estimate 1957, $35,070

Expense Allowance o f the Vice President
For expense allowance of the Vice President, $10,000.
tive Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $10,000

( Legisla­

Estimate 1957, $10,000

S a l a r ie s , O f f ic e r s

and

E m ployees

Salaries, Officers and Em ployees, Senate
For com pensation of officers, employees, clerks to Senators, and
others as authorized by law, as follows:
OFFICE

OF TH E

VIC E

P R E SID E N T

For clerical assistance to the Vice President, at rates of com ­
pensation to be fixed by him in multiples of $5 per m onth, [$ 6 4 ,7 4 5 ]
$71,880;

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $64,745

Estimate 1957, $71,880

the position is held by the present incum bent” ; legislative clerk
$7,260 in lieu of $7,000; journal clerk $7,260 in lieu of $7,000; finan­
cial clerk $8,820 in lieu or $7,320; executive clerk $4,500 in lieu of
$4,380; secretary $4,500 in lieu of $4,100; assistant secretary $3,420
in lieu of $3,380; clerk of enrolled bills $4,500 in lieu of $3,900, secre­
tary to parliamentarian $3,000 in lieu of $3,180; custodian of records
$3,000 in lieu of $3,180; assistant bill clerk $3,000 in lieu of journal
index clerk $2,460; bookkeeper $3,960 in lieu of clerk $3,960; retire­
ment clerk $3,420 in lieu of clerk $3,420; clerk $2,520 in lieu of stock­
room clerk $2,460; assistant chief messenger $2,220 in lieu of clerk
$2,220; reference assistant $2,520 in lieu of clerk $2,040; tw o assist­
ants in docum ent room at $2,520 each in lieu of tw o clerks at $1,980
each; superintendent, docum ent room, $5,580 in lieu of $5,500, assist­
ant superintendent, docum ent room, $4,380 in lieu of $4,000; first
assistant, docum ent room, $3,180 in lieu of $3,420; second assistant,
docum ent room, $3,060 in lieu of $2,460; four assistants in docum ent
room at $2,520 each in lieu of $2,220 each; chief messenger in docu­
ment room $2,280 in lieu of $1,980, librarian $5,580 in lieu of $4,000 :
assistant librarian $4,380 in lieu of $3,120; secretary in library
$3,060 in lieu of $2,220; legislative analyst $3,840 in lieu of $2,220;
five reference assistants at $2,520 each in lieu of one reference assist­
ant at $2,700, one reference assistant at $2,640, one reference assist­
ant at $2,460, one reference assistant at $1,980, and one reference
assistant at $1,800; messenger $2,040 in lieu of chief of library stacks
$1,860; chief messenger in library $2,280 in lieu of $1,740; keeper of
stationery $5,580 in lieu of $4,000; assistant keeper of stationery
$4,380 in lieu of $2,880; tw o clerks at $2,520 each in lieu of one
clerk at $2,700 and one clerk at $2,040; special officer in disbursing
office $2,700 in lieu of special officer $2,520; messenger $2,040 in
lieu of special officer $2,520; chief clerk, stationery room , $3,180
in lieu of press liaison $2,880; bookkeeper, stationery room , $3,060
in lieu of assistant at the press door $2,160; chief messenger in
secretary’ s office $2,460 in lieu of $2,400; chief messenger in dis­
bursing office $2,280 in lieu of $1,920; assistant chief messenger
$2,100 in lieu of aide to the Vice President $2,460; eight messengers
at $2,040 each in lieu of five messengers at $1,980 each, one mes­
senger at $1,800, and two messengers at $1,620 each; clerk $2,340;
clerk $2,460; assistant to the m ajority $7,320 in lieu of $8,000;
assistant to the minority $7,320 in lieu of $8,000; assistant journal
clerk $3,060; messenger, disbursing office, $2,040; reference assistant
$2,520; three messengers at $2,040 each; and the basic am ount
available for clerical assistance and readjustment of salaries in the
disbursing office is increased by $5,220] $555,700; (.Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $521,345

Estim ate 1957, $555,700

JO INT RECORD IN G

F A C IL IT Y

For compensation of employees of the join t recording facility
appointed by the Secretary of the Senate [a n d heretofore appro­
priated for under the heading “ Office of the Secretary” , $47,430:
Provided, That effective August 1, 1955, the basic annual com pen­
sation of the coordinator, join t recording facility, shall be $7,020
per annum in lieu of $6,660 per an n u m ], $50,990; (Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $47,430
C OM M ITTEE

Estimate 1957, $50,990
EM P LO YE ES

For professional and clerical assistance to standing committees,
and the Select Com m ittee on Small Business, [$ 1 ,7 67 ,0 45 ]
$2,030,650; (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,767,045

Estimate 1957, $2,030,650

C H A P L A IN
C O N FE R E N C E

Chaplain of the Senate, $5,000 [ : Provided, That effective August
1, 1955, the gross com pensation of the chaplain of the Senate shall
be $5,000 per a n n u m ]; ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $5,000

Estimate 1957, $5,000

For clerical assistance to the Conference of the M ajority, at
rates of compensation to be fixed by the chairman of said com ­
mittee, $40,000; ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $40,000

OFFICE

OF THE

Estim ate 1957, $40,000

SECR ETAR Y

For Office of the Secretary, [$521,345: Provided, That effective
August 1, 1955, the gross annual compensation of the Secretary ot
the Senate shall be $17,500; and the basic annual compensation of
the following positions shall be: chief clerk $8,820 in lieu of $7,500;
parliamentarian $8,820 in lieu of $14,297.50 and Public Law 253.
Eighty-second Congress is hereby amended insofar as it applies to
the compensation of the parliamentarian of the Senate by deleting
“ so long as the position is held by the present incum bent” ; assistant
parliamentarian $7,260 in lieu of $7,000 and Public Law 470: Eightythird Congress is hereby amended insofar as it applies to the com ­
pensation of the assistant parliamentarian by deleting “ so long as




C OM M ITTEES

For clerical assistance to the Conference of the M inority, at
rates of compensation to be fixed by the chairman of said com ­
mittee, $40,000; (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $40,000
A D M IN ISTR A T IV E

AND

Estimate 1957, $40,000

C LER ICA L ASSIST AN TS TO SENATO R S

For administrative and clerical assistants and messenger service
for Senators, [including additional clerical assistants for each
Senator from the State of K entucky, as authorized by Public Law
3, Eighty-fourth Congress, and providing for additional clerical
assistants for each Senator from the State of Massachusetts, so that

13

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
the allowance for administrative and clerical assistance for such
Senators will be equal to that allowed other Senators from States
having a population of over five million but less than ten million,
the population of said State having exceeded five million inhabi­
tants, $6,247,555] $9)592,000; (Legislative Appropriation Act,

For tw o clerical assistants, one for the M ajority W hip and on e
for the M inority Whip, at $4,440 basic per annum each, $16,405;

1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $16,405

Appropriated 1956, $6,247,555

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Estim ate 1957, $16,405

Estimate 1957, $9,592,000

OFFICE OF SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER

For Office o f Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, [$1,436,230: Pro­
vided, That, effective August 1, 1955, the gross annual compensation
o f the Sergeant at Arms shall be $17,500, and the basic annual com ­
pensation o f the following positions shall be: secretary $2,520 in lieu
o f clerk $2,400; secretary $2,460 in lieu o f clerk $2,160; three cabi­
netmakers at $2,640 each in lieu o f $2,520 each; finisher $2,640 in
lieu o f $2,520; upholsterer $2,640 in lieu o f $2,520; laborer in charge
of private passage $2,460 in lieu of $2,400; tw o female attendants,
ladies retiring room at $1,860 each in lieu of $1,800 each; three la­
borers at $1,980 each in lieu of $1,920 each; three skilled laborers at
$1,920 each and one skilled laborer at $1,980 in lieu of four skilled
laborers at $1,920 each; one laborer at $1,740, twenty-seven laborers
at $1,680 each, and three laborers at $1,620 each in lieu of twentynine laborers at $1,620 each; assistant chief janitor $2,460 in lieu o f
$2,400; night foreman $1,980 in lieu o f $1,920; superintendent, press
gallery $4,860 in lieu of $4,800; first assistant superintendent, press
gallery $4,200 in lieu of assistant superintendent, press gallery
$4,100; second assistant superintendent, press gallery $2,880 in lieu
of assistant superintendent, press gallery $2,800; third assistant
superintendent, press gallery $2,880 in lieu of assistant superintend­
ent, press gallery $2,800; fourth assistant superintendent, press gal­
lery $2,280 in lieu of assistant superintendent, press gallery $2,200;
secretary, press gallery $1,860 in lieu of clerk, press gallery $1,800;
superintendent, radio press gallery $4,800 in lieu o f $4,700; first
assistant superintendent, radio press gallery $3,060 in lieu o f assist­
ant in radio press gallery $3,000; second assistant superintendent,
radio press gallery $2,940 in lieu o f assistant in radio press gallery
$2,850; third assistant superintendent, radio press gallery $2,580 in
lieu o f assistant in radio press gallery $2,500; superintendent, peri­
odical press gallery $4,200 in lieu of $4,100; superintendent, service
department $4,800 in lieu o f $4,380; assistant superintendent, serv­
ice department $3,960 in lieu o f $2,760; foreman of duplicating de­
partment $2,880 in lieu o f $2,520; chief machine operator $2,760 in
lieu o f $2,700; foreman, repairman $2,760 in lieu o f clerk $2,460;
three offset press operators at $2,340 each in lieu o f $2,220 each;
three mimeograph operators at $1,920 each in lieu o f two m im eo­
graph operators at $1,800 each; clerk typist $1,920, photostat oper­
ator $2,400, photostat helper $1,920, four addressograph operators
at $2,160 each, machine operator $1,860, file clerk $1,920, two
messengers at $1,740 each, and a technical clerk $2,160 in lieu of
twelve machine operators at $1,740 each; chief clerk, deputy ser­
geant at arms $3,240; assistant chief clerk, deputy sergeant at
arms $2,220; two mail carriers at $2,100 each; secretary to super­
intendent, service department $2,760; supervisor, addressograph
section $2,700; tw o offset press operators at $2,160 each; assistant
chief machine operator $2,520; four messengers at $1,740 each;
supervisor, supply section $2,700; repairman $2,580; repairman
$2,520; file clerk $1,980; five warehousemen at $1,800 each; stock­
room clerk $2,460; special officer $2,520; press liaison $2,880; as­
sistant at the press door $2,160; messenger at card door $3,060;
messenger $2,160; wagonmaster $2,580 in lieu of $2,520; assistant
wagonmaster $2,160 in lieu of $2,100, and the positions wagonmaster and assistant wagonmaster are hereby transferred to the
jurisdiction of the service department; postmaster $5,580 in lieu of
$5,000; procurem ent officer, auditor, and deputy sergeant at arms
$7,320 in lieu of $6,480; foreman of warehouse, service department
$2,640 in lieu of $2,580; three clerks at $2,220 each in lieu of $2,160
each; file clerk $2,040 in lieu of $1,980; clerk in service department
$2,040 in lieu of $1,980; and tw enty-four pages at $1,800 each in
lieu of twenty-eight pages at $1,800 each; clerk $4,440 in lieu of
$4,260] $1,54^,080; (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,436,230

OFFICES OF THE M AJORITY AND M IN ORITY W HIPS

Estimate 1957, $1,543,080

OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES FOR THE M AJORITY AND THE MINORITY

For the offices of the Secretary for the M ajority and the Secretary
for the M inority, [$87,100: Provided, That effective August 1, 1955,
the gross annual compensation of the Secretary for the M ajority and
the Secretary for the M inority shall be $14,800 per annum each; the
basic annual compensation of the assistant Secretary for the M ajor­
ity and the assistant Secretary for the M inority shall be $5,580 per
annum each in lieu of $5,300 per annum each, and including tw o
telephone pages for the m ajority and tw o telephone pages for the
m inority at $2,220 basic per annum e a c h ] $91,410; (Legislative

In all [$1 0,27 2,85 5] $14,037,115, and the agency contribution
for Federal Em ployees Group Life Insurance authorized to be paid
from this appropriation by Public Law 598, Eighty-third Congress,
shall be paid w ithout regard to the above limitations. (Legislative
Appropriation A ct , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $10,272,855

C o n t in g e n t

E xpenses

Estimate 1957, $14,037,115

of

the

Senate

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate, Legislative Reorgani­
zation
Legislative reorganization: For salaries and expenses, legislative
reorganization, including the objects specified in Public Law 663,
Seventy-ninth Congress, $100,000. (Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $100,000

Estimate 1957, $100,000

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate Policy Committees
Senate policy committees: For salaries and expenses of the M ajority
Policy Com mittee and tbe M inority Policy Committee, $95,000 for
each such committee; in all, $190,000. (Legislative Appropriation
Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $190,000

Estimate 1957, $190,000

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate, Joint Committee on
the Economic Report
Joint Committee on tbe Econom ic Report: For salaries and expenses
o f the Joint Committee on the Econom ic Report, [$ 1 24 ,5 75 ]
$185,560.

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $124,575

Estimate 1957, $135,560

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate, Joint Com mittee on
Atomic Energy
Joint Committee on Atom ic Energy: For salaries and expenses
of the Joint Com mittee on Atom ic Energy including the objects
specified in Public Law 20, Eightieth Congress, [$2 58 ,0 60 ]
$222,775.

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $258,060

Estimate 1957, $222,775

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate, Joint Committee on
Printing
Joint Com m ittee on Printing: For salaries for the Joint C om m it­
tee on Printing at rates to be fixed by the committee, $49,585; for
expenses of compiling, preparing, and indexing the Congressional
Directory, $1,600; for compiling, preparing, and indexing material
for the Biographical D irectory, [$ 1 ,9 1 0 ] $2,050, said sum, or any
part thereof, in the discretion of the chairman or vice chairman of
the Joint Com m ittee on Printing, may be paid as additional com ­
pensation to any em ployee of the United States; and for travel and
subsistence expenses at rates provided by law for Senate committees,
$4,500; in all, [$ 5 7 ,5 9 5 ] $57,735 . (Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $57,595

Estimate 1957, $57,735

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Automobile and M aintenance, for
the Vice President
Vice President’ s autom obile: For purchase, exchange, driving,
maintenance, and operation of an autom obile for the Vice President,
[$ 8 ,4 6 0 ] $8,785. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $87,100




Estimate 1957, $91,410

Appropriated 1956, $8,460

Estimate 1957, $8,785

14

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Fuel for Heating Apparatus
Fuel and so forth: For fuel, oil, cotton waste, and advertising,
exclusive of labor, $2,000. (.Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

SE N A TE — Continued
C o n t in g e n t

E xpenses

of

the

Senate

— Continued

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Autom obile and M aintenance, for the
President Pro Tempore
Autom obile for the President pro tem pore: For purchase, ex­
change, driving, maintenance, and operation of an autom obile for
the President pro tem pore of the Senate, [$ 8 ,4 6 0 ] $8,785. (Legis­
lative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $8,460

C o n tin u e d

Estimate 1957, $8,785

Appropriated 1956, $2,000

Estimate 1957, $2,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, K itchens and Restaurants
Senate restaurants: For repairs, improvements, equipment, and
supplies for Senate kitchens and restaurants, Capitol Building and
Senate Office Building, including personal and other services, to be
expended under the supervision of the Com mittee on Rules and
Administration, United States Senate, $55,000. (.Legislative Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Autom obiles and M aintenance, M a­
jority and Minority Leaders
Autom obiles for M ajority and M inority Leaders: For purchase,
exchange, driving, maintenance, and operation of two automobiles,
one for the M ajority Leader of the Senate, and one for the M inority
Leader of the Senate, [$ 1 6 ,9 2 0 ] $17,570. (Legislative Appropria­
tion Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $16,920

Estimate 1957, $17,570

Appropriated 1956, $55,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, M ail Transportation
M otor vehicles: For maintaining, exchanging, and equipping m o­
tor vehicles for carrying the mails and for official use of the offices of
the Secretary and Sergeant at Arms, $9,560. ( Legislative Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $9,560
Contingent Expenses, Senate, Reporting Debates and
Reporting Senate proceedings: For reporting the
proceedings of the Senate, payable in equal m onthly
[$ 1 4 6 ,2 1 0 ] $157,135. (Legislative Appropriation Act,
Appropriated 1956, $146,210

Proceedings
debates and
installments,
1956.)

Estimate 1957, $157,135

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Cleaning Furniture
Furniture: For services in cleaning, repairing, and varnishing
furniture, $3,190. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $3,190

Estimate 1957, $3,190

tive Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $19,000

Estimate 1957, $19,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Expenses o f Inquiries and Investiga­
tions
Inquiries and investigations: For expenses of inquiries and in­
vestigations ordered by the Senate or conducted pursuant to section
134 (a) of Public Law 601, Seventy-ninth Congress, including
$400,000 for the Com mittee on Appropriations, to be available
also for the purposes mentioned in Senate Resolution Numbered
193, agreed to O ctober 14, 1943, and Public Law 20, Eightieth
Congress, [$1 ,2 2 4 ,1 2 0 ] $1,292,000. (Legislative Appropriation
Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,224,120

Estimate 1957, $1,292,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Folding Docum ents
Folding docum ents: For the em ploym ent of personnel for fold­
ing speeches and pamphlets at a gross rate of not exceeding $1.61
per hour per person, [$ 2 7 ,0 0 0 ] $29,000. (Legislative Appropriation
Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $27,000

Estimate 1957, $29,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, M aterials for Folding
Materials for folding: For materials for folding, $1,500.

( Legis­

lative Appropriation Act 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,500




Estimate 1957, $1,500

Estimate 1957, $9,560

Contingent Expenses, Senate, M iscellaneous Items
Miscellaneous items: For miscellaneous items, exclusive of labor,
including $1,600 for the Com m ittee on Rules and Administration to
be available for expenses of compiling, preparing, and indexing
material for the Senate Manual, and [in clu d in g ] $16,104 to be avail­
able for reimbursement to General Services Administration for
space furnished the United States Senate as approved by the
[S e n a te ] Com m ittee on Rules and Administration, [a n d Senate
Resolution 230, agreed to M arch 16, 1942 and Senate Resolution
175, agreed to July 7, 1943 are repealed effective August 1, 1955,
$1,290,680] $1,305,810. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,290,680

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Furniture and Repairs
Furniture: For materials for furniture and repairs of same, and
for the purchase of furniture, $19,000: Provided, That the furniture
is not available from other agencies of the Government. ( Legisla­

Estimate 1957, $55,000

Estimate 1957, $1,305,810

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Packing Boxes
Packing boxes: For packing boxes, $4,000.

( Legislative Appro­

priation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $4,000

Estimate 1957, $4,000

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Postage
Postage stamps: For office of the Secretary, $650; office of the
Sergeant at Arms, [$ 1 ,2 2 5 ] $225; offices of the Secretaries for the
M ajority and the M inority, $100; in all [$ 1 ,9 7 5 ], $975. ( Legisla­
tive Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,975

Estimate 1957, $975

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Airmail and Special-Delivery Stamps
Airmail and special-delivery stam ps: For airmail and specialdelivery stamps for Senators and the President o f the Senate, as
authorized by law, $29,100[, and the maximum allowance per
capita o f $200 is increased to $300 for the fiscal year 1956 and
thereafter]. ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $29,100

Estimate 1957, $29,100

Contingent Expenses, Senate, Stationery
Stationery: For stationery for Senators and [ f o r ] the President
o f the Senate, including $10,000 for stationery for committees and
officers o f the Senate, $ 184*600[: Provided, That commencing with
the fiscal year 1956 and thereafter the allowance for stationery for
each Senator and for the President o f the Senate shall be at the
rate o f $1,800 per an n u m ]. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $184,600

Estimate 1957, $184,600

15

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Contingent Expenses, Senate, Communications
Com m unications: For an am ount for communications which
may be expended interchangeably for payment, in accordance with
such limitations and restrictions as may be prescribed by the
Com mittee on Rules and Administration, of charges on official
telegrams and long-distance telephone calls made by or on behalf
o f Senators or the President o f the Senate, such telephone calls to
be in addition to those authorized by the provisions of the Legis­
lative Branch Appropriation Act, 1947 (60 Stat. 392; 2 U. S. C.
46c, 46d, 46e), as amended, [th e First Deficiency Appropriation
Act, 1949 (63 Stat. 77; 2 TJ. S. C. 4 6 d -l), Second Supplemental
Appropriation Act, 1952, Public Law 254, Eighty-second Congress,
Public Law 178, Eighty-third Congress, and Public Law 470,
Eighty-third C ongress] $14,550. (Legislative Appropriation Act ,

the two Houses, the expenses of wiiich are paid from the contingent
fund of the Senate, whose basic compensation may be fixed under
such provisions at a rate of $8,000 per annum, may be fixed at any
rate not in excess of $8,820 per annum, and the basic compensation
of one employee of each such committee may be fixed at any rate not
in excess of $8,460 per annum. For the purpose of this paragraph,
an employee of a subcommittee shall be considered to be an employee
of the full committee.
N o officer or employee, whose compensation is disbursed by the
Secretary of the Senate, shall be paid basic compensation at a rate in
excess of $8,820 per annum, or gross compensation at a rate in excess
of $14,800 per annum, unless otherwise expresslv authorized bv
this Act.

1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $14,550

H O U S E OF R E P R E S E N T A T IV E S

Estimate 1957, $14,550
S a la r ie s ,

M ile a g e

for

the

M em b ers] E xpense

The Sergeant at Arms is authorized and directed to secure suitable
office space in post office or other Federal buildings in the State of
each Senator for the use of such Senator and in the city to be desig­
nated by him: Provided, That in the event suitable space is not
available in such buildings and a Senator leases or rents office space
elsewhere, the Sergeant at Arms is authorized to approve for pay­
ment, from the contingent fund of the Senate, vouchers covering
bona fide statements of rentals due in an am ount not exceeding $900
per annum for each Senator.
The Sergeant at Arms of the Senate is authorized and directed to
approve for paym ent from the contingent fund of the Senate to each
Senator an amount not to exceed $150 quarterly, upon certification
of each such Senator, for official office expenses incurred in his State.
The Secretary of the Senate and the Sergeant at Arms are author­
ized and directed to protect the funds of their respective offices by
purchasing insurance in an amount necessary to protect said funds
against loss. Premiums on such insurance shall be paid out of the
contingent fund of the Senate, upon vouchers approved by the chair­
man of the Com m ittee on Rules and Administration,
Salaries or wT
ages paid out of the foregoing items under “ Con­
tingent expenses of the Senate” shall be com puted at basic rates,
plus increased and additional compensation, as authorized and
provided by law.
N o part of the foregoing appropriations made under the heading
“ Contingent expenses of the Senate” m ay be expended for per diem
and subsistence expenses (as defined in the Travel Expense A ct of
1949, as amended) at rates in excess of $12 per day; except that (1)
higher rates may be established by the Com mittee on Rules and
Administration for travel beyond the limits of the continental
United States, and (2) in accordance with regulations prescribed by
the Com mittee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, reim­
bursement for such expenses may be made on an actual expense
basis of not to exceed $25 per day in the case of travel within the
continental limits of the United States.
Compensation for stenographic assistance of committees paid out
of the foregoing items under “ Contingent expenses of the Senate”
shall be com puted at such rates and in accordance with such regula­
tions as may be prescribed by the Com mittee on Rules and Adm in­
istration, notwithstanding, and without regard to, any other
provision of law.
The contingent fund of the Senate is hereby made available for
reimbursement for mileage, at the rate of 10 cents per mile, for one
round trip in each fiscal year by the nearest route usually traveled
between Washington, D istrict of Columbia, and a Senator’s resi­
dence in his home State, to not to exceed tw o employees in each
Senator’s office, such reimbursement to be made upon vouchers
approved by the Senator and containing a certification by him that
such travel was perform ed in line of official duty.
The basic compensation of any employee of any joint committee
of the Senate and House of Representatives whose basic compensa­
tion is paid from the contingent fund of the Senate, of any select
com m ittee of the Senate (including the conference m ajority and con­
ference minority of the Senate), or of any subcomm ittee of a standing
or select committee of the Senate, shall not exceed $8,000 per annum.
Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this paragraph and the
provisions of section 202 (e) of the Legislative Reorganization Act
of 1946, as amended (2 U. S. C. 72a (e)), the joint resolution entitled
“ Joint resolution providing for a more effective staff organization for
standing committees of the Senate” , approved February 19, 1947, as
amended (2 U. S. C. 7 2 a -l), and the paragraph under the heading
“ Senate Policy Com m ittee” in the First Supplemental Appropriation
Act, 1947, the basic compensation of one employee of each standing
or select committee of the Senate (including the m ajority and minor­
ity policy committees and the m ajority conference of the Senate and
the minority conference of the Senate), and each joint committee of




and

M em bers,

A llow ance

of

the

[E x p e n s e s

of

Speaker

Salaries o f M em bers and Delegates, H ouse o f Representatives
For compensation of Members (wherever used herein the term
“ M em ber” shall include Members of the House of Representatives,
Delegates from Territories, and the Resident Commissioner from
Puerto R ico), [$9,896,000] $9,897,000. (Legislative Appropriation
Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $9,896,000

Estimate 1957, $9,897,000

M ileage o f M em bers and Delegates, House o f Representatives,
and Expense Allowance o f the Speaker
For mileage of Members and expense allowance of the Speaker, as
authorized by law, $200,000. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $200,000

Estimate 1957, $200,000

S a l a r ie s , O f f ic e r s

and

E m ployees

Salaries, Officers and Em ployees, House o f Representatives
For compensation of officers and employees, as authorized by law,
as follows:
OFFICE

OF THE

SPEAKER

For the Office of the Speaker, [$4 7,28 5] $51,890;

(Legislative

Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $47,285
OFFICE

Estimate 1957, $51,890

OF THE

PA R LIA M E N T A R IA N

For the Office of the Parliamentarian, including $2,000 for pre­
paring the Digest of the Rules, [$4 4,92 0] $58,325; (Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $44,920
OFFICE

Estimate 1957, $58,325
OF TH E

C H APLAIN

For the Office of the Chaplain,

[$ 4 ,2 0 0 ] $7,450; (Legislative

Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $4,200
OFFICE

Estimate 1957, $7,450
OF TH E

CLERK

For the Office of the Clerk, [$ 7 6 7 ,5 0 0 ] $888,425;

(.Legislative

Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $767,500

Estimate 1957, $888,425

C OM M ITTEE E M P LO YE ES

For committee employees, including not to exceed [$ 3 7 5 ,0 0 0 ]
[$ 1 ,9 5 0 ,5 1 0 ]

$405,000 for the Committee on Appropriations,
$2,261,850; (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,950,510
OFFICE

OF THE

Estimate 1957, $2,261,850
SE R G E AN T A T ARM S

For the Office of the Sergeant at Arms, [$384,045] $419,735;
(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $384,045

Estimate 1957, $419,735

16

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d

M embers’ Clerk H ire

H O U S E OF R E P R E S E N T A T IV E S — Continued
S a l a r i e s , O f f i c e r s a n d E m p l o y e e s — Continued
OFFICE

OF TH E

D O O R K E EP ER

For the Office of the Doorkeeper, [$ 7 0 4 ,2 7 5 ] $821,905; (.Legis­
lative Appropriation Act , 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $704,275

Estimate 1957, $821,905

Clerk Hire, M em bers and Delegates, House o f Representatives
For clerk hire, necessarily em ployed by each M em ber in the
discharge of his official and representative duties, [w h ich shall be
at the basic rate of $15,000 per annum: Provided, That no salary
shall be fixed hereunder at a basic rate in excess of $6,000 per
annum; $11,500,000] $14,600,000. (Legislative Appropriation Act ,
1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $11,500,000
SP EC IAL A N D

Estimate 1957, $14,600,000

M IN O R IT Y EM P LO YE E S

For six minority employees,

[$ 5 4 ,6 8 5 ]

$59,955;

( Legislative

Appropriation Act , 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $54,685

Contingent Expenses

Estimate 1957, $59,955

For the office of the m ajority floor leader, including $2,000 for
official expenses of the m ajority leader, [$ 4 8 ,0 0 0 ] $52,550; (Legis­
lative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $48,000

Estimate 1957, $52,550

For the office of the m in ority floor leader, [$ 3 6 ,0 0 0 ] $89,800;

of the

H ouse

Contingent Expenses, H ou se o f Representatives, Furniture
Furniture: For furniture and materials for repairs of the same,
including labor, tools, and machinery for furniture repair shops,
and for the purchase of packing boxes, [$ 2 4 5 ,0 0 0 ] $231,800.
(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $245,000

Estimate 1957, $231,800

(.Legislative Appropriation A ct, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $36,000

Estimate 1957, $39,800

For the office of the m ajority whip, [$ 2 1 ,1 5 0 ] $28,880; ( Legis­
lative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $21,150

Estimate 1957, $23,830

For the office of the m inority whip, [$ 2 1 ,1 5 0 ] $28,880; ( Legis­
lative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $21,150

Estimate 1957, $23,830

For tw o printing clerks, one for the m ajority caucus room and one
or the minority caucus room , to be appointed by the m ajority and
m inority leaders, respectively, [$ 7 ,4 8 5 ] $9,760; {Legislative
Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $7,485

Estimate 1957, $9,760

For a technical assistant in the office of the attending physician, to
be appointed by the attending physician, subject to the approval of
the Speaker, [$ 6 ,2 9 5 ] $7,790; (Legislative Appropriation Act ,
1956.)

A ppropriated 1956, $6,295

Estimate 1957, $7,790

O FFICE OF TH E

PO STM ASTER

For the Office of the Postmaster, including em ploym ent of substi­
tute messengers, and extra services of regular employees when
required at the basic salary rate of not to exceed [$ 1 ,9 4 0 ] $2,100 ,
per annum each, [$ 1 9 8 ,7 7 5 ] $282,805; ( Legislative Appropriation

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, M iscellaneous
Items
Miscellaneous items: For miscellaneous items, exclusive of
salaries unless specifically ordered by the House ot Representatives
including the sum of $30,000 for paym ent to the Architect of the
Capitol in accordance with section 208 of the Act, approved O ctobei
9, 1940 (Public Law 812); the exchange, operation, maintenance,
and repair of the Clerk’s m otor vehicles; the exchange, operation,
maintenance, and repair of the folding room m otortruck; the
exchange, maintenance, operation, and repair of the postoffice
m otor vehicles for carrying the mails; the sum of $600 for hire of
autom obile for the Sergeant at Arms; materials for folding; and
for stationery for the use of committees, departments, and officers
of the H ouse; [$8 6 5 ,0 0 0 ] $965,000. ( Legislative Appropriation
Act . 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $865,000

Estimate 1957, $965,000

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Reporting
Hearings
Reporting hearings: For stenographic reports of hearings of com ­
mittees other than special and select committees, $125,000. (Legis­
lative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $125,000

Estimate 1957, $125,000

Act, 1956.)

A ppropriated 1956, $198,775

Estim ate 1957, $232,305

O FFIC IAL R EPOR TERS OF D E B A T E S

For official reporters of debates, [$ 1 2 4 ,4 3 5 ] $144% 0 ; ( Legisla­
78
tive Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $124,435

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Special and
Select Committees
Special and select com m ittees: For salaries and expenses of
special and select committees authorized by the House, [$ 1 ,2 50 ,0 00 ]
$1,400,000.

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,250,000

Estimate 1957, $1,400,000

Estimate 1957, $144,730

O FFIC IAL R EP OR TE RS TO C OM M ITTEES

For

official

reporters

to

committees,

[$ 1 3 3 ,8 5 5 ]

$150,880;

(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $133,855

Estimate 1957, $150,330

AP PR O PR IATIO N S COM M ITTEE

For salaries and expenses, studies and examinations of executive
agencies, by the Com m ittee on Appropriations, and tem porary per­
sonal services for such committee, to be expended in accordance with
section 202 (b) of the Legislative Reorganization Act, 1946, and to be
available for reimbursement to agencies for services performed,
$500,000; ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $500,000

Estimate 1957, $500,000

In all, $5,754,460.

Appropriated 1956, $5,054,565




Estimate 1957, $5,754,460

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Joint Committee
on Internal Revenue Taxation
Joint Com mittee on Internal Revenue Taxation: For the paym ent
of the salaries and other expenses of the Joint Com m ittee on Internal
Revenue Taxation, [$ 2 0 0 ,0 0 0 ] $220,000. (Legislative Appropria­
tion Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $200,000

Estimate 1957, $220,000

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Joint Committee
on Immigration and Nationality Policy
Joint Com m ittee on Imm igration and N ationality Policy: For
salaries and expenses of the Joint Com m ittee on Imm igration and
Nationality Policy, $20,000. (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $20,000

Estimate 1957, $20,000

17

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Office o f the
Coordinator o f Information
Office of the Coordinator of Inform ation: For salaries and other
expenses of the Office of the Coordinator of Inform ation, [$ 8 2 ,8 2 5 ]
$86,985.

(Legislative Approprution Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $82,825

Estimate 1957, $86,985

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Automobile for
the M ajority Leader
Autom obile for the m ajority leader: For purchase, exchange,
driving, maintenance, repair, and operation of an autom obile for
the m ajority leader of the House, [$ 5 ,8 3 5 ] $6,500. (Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $5,835
Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Telegraph and
Telephone
Telegraph and telephone: For telegraph and telephone service,
exclusive of personal services, [$ 8 0 0 ,0 0 0 ] $900,000. ( Legislative
Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $800,000

Estimate 1957, $900,000

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Automobile for
the Minority Leader
Autom obile for the minority leader: For purchase, exchange,
driving, maintenance, repair, aiid operation of an autom obile for
the minority leader of the House, [$ 5 ,8 3 5 ] $13,500. (Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $5,835
Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Stationery
Revolving Fund
Stationery (revolving fu n d ): For a stationery allowance for each
Member, for the [s e c o n d ] first session of the [E ig h ty -fo u rth ]
Eighty-fifth Congress, $525,600, to remain available until expended.
(Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $525,600

Estimate 1957, $525,600

Estimate 1957, $6,500

Estimate 1957, $13,500

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Preparation o f
New Edition o f the United States Code
[Preparation of the new edition o f U. S. Code, $100,000, to
remain available until expended.] (Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $100,000
Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Attending
Physician
Attending physician’ s office: For medical supplies, equipment, and
contingent expenses of the emergency room and for the attending
physician and his assistants, including an allowance of $1,500 to be
paid to the attending physician in equal monthly installments as
authorized by the A ct approved June 27, 1940 (54 Stat. 629), and
including an allowance of not to exceed $75 per month each to four
assistants [a s provided by the House resolutions adopted July 1,
1930, January 20, 1932, and Novem ber 18, 1940, $8,985], $12,145.
(Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $8,985

Estimate 1957, $12,145

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Postage Stamps
Postage stamps: Postmaster, $320; Clerk, $640; Sergeant at
Arms, $480; Doorkeeper, $400; United States airmail and specialdelivery postage stamps for each Member, the Speaker, the m ajority
and minority leaders, the m ajority and m inority whips, and to each
standing committee, as authorized by law; $92,760. (Legislative
Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $92,760

Estimate 1957, $92,760

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Folding D ocu ­
ments
Folding docum ents: For folding speeches and pamphlets, at a
gross rate not exceeding [ $ 2 ] $2.15 per thousand or for the em­
ploym ent of personnel at a gross rate not exceeding [$ 1 .5 0 ] $1.61
per hour per person, [$ 1 2 5 ,0 0 0 ] $165,000. (Legislative Appropria­
tion Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $125,000

A d m in is t r a t iv e

P r o v is io n s

Salaries or wages paid out o f the items herein for the H ouse o f
Representatives shall hereafter be com puted at basic rates, plus
increased and additional compensation, as authorized and provided
by law.
[T h e Clerk o f the House is hereafter authorized and directed to
reimburse each M ember from the contingent fund in an amount
not to exceed $150 quarterly, upon certification o f the Member,
for official office expenses incurred in his congressional district.]
[T h e Sergeant at Arms o f the House is hereafter authorized and
directed to make such arrangements as may be necessary for any
committee appointed to attend the funeral o f a deceased Member,
and there shall be paid out o f the contingent fund o f the House,
under such rules and regulations as the Com mittee on House
Administration may prescribe, such sums as may be necessary
toward defraying the funeral expenses o f the deceased; and to
defray the expenses o f any such committee consisting o f not m ore
than six members (not more than four from the House and tw o
from the Senate), the Sergeant at Arms o f the House or a repre­
sentative of his office, the widow or widower and/or minor children
of the deceased, incurred in attending the funeral rites and burial
of such M em ber.]
[N otw ithstanding the provisions o f section 5 (b) o f the Federal
Em ployees’ Group Life Insurance A ct o f 1954, the Clerk o f the
House is hereafter authorized to pay, from the contingent fund
o f the House, with respect to all House employees who are insured
under such Act, the amounts which, under the terms o f such section
5 (b), otherwise would be contributed from the appropriations or
funds specified therein. As used in this paragraph the term “ House
em ployees” means employees in the Legislative Branch whose
salaries, wages, or other compensation are disbursed by the Clerk
o f the House o f Representatives.] (Legislative Appropriation Act ,
1956.)

Estimate 1957, $165,000

C A P IT O L PO LICE
Contingent
Revision
authorized
[$ 1 3 ,7 0 0 ]
Com m ittee

Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Revision o f Laws
of laws: For preparation and editing of the laws as
by the A ct approved M ay 29, 1928 (1 U. S. C. 59),
$16,500, to be expended under the direction of the
on the Judiciary. (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $13,700

Estimate 1957, $16,500

Uniforms and Equipment, Capitol Police, H ouse o f Representatives
General expenses: For purchasing and supplying uniforms; the
purchase, maintenance, and repair o f police m otor vehicles, includ­
ing tw o-w ay police radio equipment; contingent expenses, including
$25 per m onth for extra services performed for the Capitol Police
Board by such member o f the staff o f the Sergeant at Arms o f the
Senate or the House, as may be designated by the Chairman o f
the Board; [$ 1 7 ,9 0 0 ] $19}600.
(Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Contingent Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Speaker’s
Automobile
Speaker’s autom obile: For purchase, exchange, driving, main­
tenance, repair, and operation of an autom obile for the Speaker,
[$ 7 ,2 0 0 ] $14,900, (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $7,200




Estimate 1957, $14,900

Appropriated 1956, $17,900

Estimated 1957, $19,600

Capitol Police Board, H ouse o f Representatives
Capitol Police B oard: T o enable the Capitol Police Board to p ro­
vide additional protection for the Capitol Buildings and Grounds,
including the Senate and House Office Buildings and the Capitol

18

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

CA PIT O L P O L IC E — Continued
Capitol Police Board, H ouse o f Representatives— Continued
Power Plant, [$ 7 6 ,9 4 0 ] $82,495. Such sum shall be expended only
for paym ent for salaries and other expenses of personnel detailed
from the M etropolitan Police of the District of Columbia, and the
Commissioners of the D istrict of Colum bia are authorized and
directed to make such details upon the request of the Board. Per­
sonnel so detailed shall, during the period of such detail, serve under
the direction and instructions of the Board and is authorized to
exercise the same authority as members of such M etropolitan Police
and members of the Capitol Police and to perform such other duties
as may be assigned by the Board. Reimbursement for salaries and
other expenses of such detail personnel shall be made to the govern­
ment of the D istrict of Columbia, and any sums so reimbursed shall
be credited to the appropriation or appropriations from which such
salaries and expenses are payable and shall be available for all the
purposes thereof: Provided, That any person detailed under the
authority of this paragraph or under similar authority in the Legis­
lative Branch Appropriation Act, 1942, and the Second Deficiency
Appropriation Act, 1940, from the M etropolitan Police of the Dis­
trict of Colum bia shall be deemed a member of such M etropolitan
Police during the period or periods of any such detail for all pur­
poses of rank, pay, allowances, privileges, and benefits to the same
extent as though such detail had not been made, and at the termi­
nation thereof any such person who was a member of such police
on July 1, 1940, shall have a status writh respect to rank, pay,
allowances, privileges, and benefits wT
hich is not less than the status
of such person in such police at the end of such detail: Provided
further, That the Commissioners of the District of Columbia are
directed to pay the lieutenants detailed under the authority of this
paragraph the same salary as that paid in fiscal year 1955 plus
$625 each and such increases in basic compensation as may be sub­
sequently provided by law so long as these positions are held by
the present incumbents. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $76,940

OFFIC E OF T H E L E G IS L A T IV E C O U N S E L
Salaries and Expenses, Senate, Legislative Counsel
Salaries and Expenses, H ouse o f Representatives, Legislative
Counsel
For salaries and expenses of maintenance of the Office of the
Legislative Counsel, as authorized by law, including increased and
additional compensation as provided by law, [$ 2 9 0 ,0 0 0 ] $328,000,
of which [$ 1 5 3 ,0 0 0 ] $165,000 shall be disbursed by the Secretary
of the Senate and [$ 1 3 7 ,0 0 0 ] $163,000 shall be disbursed by the
Clerk of the H ou se[ : Provided, That effective August 1, 1955, the
gross annual compensation of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate
shall be $15,500 per an n u m ]. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $290,000

Appropriated 1956, $47,280

Estimate 1957, $50,000

E N A L T Y M A IL C O S T S
Penalty M ail Costs, H ouse o f Representatives
For expenses necessary under section 2 of Public Law 286, Eightythird Congress, [$ 1 ,9 78 ,0 00 ] $2,076,000, to be available im medi­
ately. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,978,000

Estimate 1957, $2,076,000

S T A T E M E N T O F A P P R O P R IA T IO N S
Statement o f Appropriations
For the preparation, under the direction of the Committees on
Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives, of the
statements for the [fir s t ] second session of the Eighty-fourth Con­
gress, showing appropriations made, indefinite appropriations, and
contracts authorized, together with a chronological history of the
regular appropriation bills as required by law, $8,000, to be paid to
the persons designated by the chairmen of such committees to
supervise the work. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $8,000

Estimate 1957, $8,000

A R C H IT E C T OF T H E C A P IT O L
OFFICE OF TH E AR CH ITECT OF TH E CAPITOL

Salaries, Office of the Architect o f the Capitol
Salaries: For the Architect of the Capitol, Assistant Architect of
the Capitol, and Second Assistant Architect of the Capitol, at salary
rates of $17,500, $14,800, and $2,500 additional so long as the posi­
tion is held by the present incumbent, and $14,300 per annum,
respectively, and other personal services at rates of pay provided by
law; and the Assistant Architect of the Capitol shall act as Architect
of the C apitol during the absence or disability of that official or
whenever there is no Architect, and, in case of the absence or dis­
ability of the Assistant Architect, the Second Assistant Architect of
the Capitol shall so act; [a n d the Architect of the Capitol is auth­
orized hereafter to delegate to the Assistant Architect and other
assistants such authority of the A rchitect as he may deem proper;
$186,200] $203,500. (31 U. S. C. 689; 40 U. S. C. 161 , 162, 164a;
166b; Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $186,200
PR O G R AM

Estimate 1957, $203,500
AND

Salaries and Contingent Expenses, Senate, Joint Committee on
Federal Expenditures
[F o r an am ount to enable the Joint Com m ittee on R eduction of
Nonessential Federal Expenditures to carry out the duties imposed
upon it by section 601 of the Revenue A ct of 1941 (55 Stat. 726),
to remain available during the existence of the committee, $22,500,
to be disbursed by the Secretary of the Sen ate.] ( Legislative
Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $22,500

E D U C A T IO N OF S E N A T E A N D H O U S E P A G E S
Education o f Senate, H ouse, and Supreme Court Pages
For education of congressional pages and pages of the Supreme
Court, pursuant to section 243 of the Legislative Reorganization Act,
1946, [$ 4 7 ,2 8 0 ] $50,000, which am ount shall be advanced and
credited to the applicable appropriation of the D istrict of Columbia,

F IN A N C I N G

1955 actual

Estimate 1957, $328,000

[J O IN T C O M M IT T E E O N R E D U C T IO N OF N O N E S S E N T IA L F E D E R A L E X P E N D IT U R E S ]




and the Board of Education of the D istrict of Colum bia is hereby
authorized to em ploy such personnel for the education of pages as
may be required and to pay compensation for such services in
accordance with such rates of compensation as the Board of E duca­
tion may prescribe. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Estimate 1957, $82,495

The foregoing am ounts under “ Capitol P olice” shall be disbursed
by the Clerk of the House. ( Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

C o n tin u e d

Program by activities:
General administration of all activities
under the Architect of the Capitol
(total obligations)___________ _____ __

$130,662

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

138,000

1957 estimate

$186,200

$203,500

186,200

203,500

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

7,338

Appropriation_____ __________________

1956 estimate

OBLIG ATIO N S

Object classification

BY O B JE C T S

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees. _______

21
20

27
25

27
27

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade___
________ ______ ____

$5,075
G S-6.8

$5,444
GS-7.9

$5,572
G S-7.9

Personal services:
Permanent positions_______________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$118,866
400
11,396

$166,670
1,000
18, 530

$182, 835

Total obligations__________________

130, 662

186, 200

203,500

01

20, 665

19

LEGISLATIVE B RANCH
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation___ _________ ________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

$138,000
3,622

$186,200
7,186

$203,500
7,200

Total budget authorizations avail­
able__________ _________ ____________

141, 622

193,386

210,700

m otor vehicle; not to exceed $300 for the purchase of necessary
reference books and periodicals; not to exceed $150 for expenses of
attendance, when specifically authorized by the Architect of the
Capitol, at meetings or conventions in connection with subjects
related to work under the Architect of the Capitol; [$1,140,000, of
which $285,000 shall be available for the installation of two addi­
tional elevators in the Senate wing of the Capitol, to be located
adjacent to and east of the existing elevators at the main east front
entrance to the Senate w in g ] $743,200. (40 U. S. C. 162 , 163, 163a ,
166; Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,140,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.-- ______
Out of prior authorizations______________

123,476
3,621

179,000
7,186

127,097

186,186

202, 700

7,338
1
7,186

7, 200

8,000

Total expenditures and balances___

141, 622

193, 386

210, 700

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

195,500
7,200

Total expenditures_____ _____ _______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). . .
Other___ ______________________ _ _______
Obligated balance carried forward______

Estimate 1957, $743,200

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$743,200

Program by activities:
Maintenance and operation of the
Capitol (total obligations) ________ ____

$653, 719

$1,140,000

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward.. .
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobligated balance no longer available.

-1 9 ,0 3 6
19,036
1, 381

-1 9 ,0 3 6

655,100

1,140,000

743, 200

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Appropriation (adjusted)________ __

Appropriations under the control of the Architect of the Capitol
shall be available for expenses of travel on official business not to
exceed in the aggregate under all funds the sum of $3,000. (40

19, 036

O BLIG ATIO N S BY O BJECTS

U. S. C. 166a; Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Object classification

Contingent Expenses, Architect of the Capitol
Contingent expenses: T o enable the Architect of the Capitol to
make surveys and studies and to meet unforeseen expenses in con­
nection with activities under his care, $50,000. (Legislative Appro­
priation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $50,000

Estimate 1957, $50,000

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees_________

134
133

134
134

134
134

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$5,134
GS-8.1
$3, 225

$5, 531
GS-8.1
$3, 772

$5, 655
GS-8.1
$3, 756

$437, 237
10, 046
1, 400
67, 972

$496,100
12, 000
3,200
90,200

$496,100
12,000

516, 655
149
33
57
575

601, 500
100
25
20
600

607, 600
100
25
20
600

31,581
9,154
2,080

30.000
7,000
2,900

41, 500
5.000
2,900

29,035

38.000

30, 600

7,656

9,205

9,205

9,647

10, 500
23, 600
50

19,200
2.000
50

01
PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Financing:
Appropriation

1957 estimate
02
03
04

Program by activities:
Unforeseen expenses in connection with
all activities under the Architect of
Capitol (total obligations)............... .......

$50,000

$50,000

50,000

50,000

_____________ ________

07

O BLIG ATIO NS BY O B JE C T S

07

Other contractual services— 1956, $50,000; 1957, $50,000.
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

A p p rop riatio n ._ ________
_
_____________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

$50,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

50,000

$50,000
5,000
55, 000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

45,000

45,000
5,000

Total expenditures. _ _ ____________
Obligated balance carried forward
________

45, 000
5,000

50,000
5,000

Total expenditures and balances

50,000

1955 actual

08
09

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Total personal services.....................
Travel____ _______ _______ _____ ________
Transportation of things___ _________
Communication services______________
Penalty mail_______________________ _
Other contractual services:
Annual painting..___________________
Elevator repairs and improvements.
Substation equipment and repairs..
General annual repairs and altera­
tions_______________________________
Maintenance and repairs lighting
system, grounds___________________
Maintenance, air-conditioning sys­
tem _____ _________________ _________
Repairs, works of art______ _________
Advertising__________________________
Painting exterior of dome and
exterior of central portion of
Capitol___ __ . _______. . . ______
Painting interior shell of dome,
interior of outer shell of dome and
all structural members of dome
Installation of 2 additional elevators
in Senate wing of Capitol____ ____
Air conditioning 9 rooms, north
terrace, Senate wing ___ _________
Survey and study of illumination of
Capitol Building__________________
Pointing stonework, Senate and
House wings__
Government insurance contribu­
tions. ____________________________
Supplies and materials_____ __________
Equipment: Annual_____ _____________

99, 500

65, 000
37, 500
285,000
6.000
12,500
8,439
1,238
19, S75
5,045

22,000
1,000

23,400
1,000

653,719

1,140,000

743,200

55,000

Total obligations_____ _______________

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual
CAPITOL B U ILD IN G S AN D

GROUNDS

Capitol Buildings, Architect o f the Capitol
Capitol Buildings: For necessary expenditures for the Capitol
Building and electrical substations of the Senate and House Office
Buildings, under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol,
including minor improvements, maintenance, repair, equipment,
supplies, material, fuel, oil, waste, and appurtenances; furnishings
and office equipm ent; special and protective clothing for workm en;
personal and other services; cleaning and repairing works of art
w ithout regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended;
purchase or exchange, maintenance and operation of passenger
360000— 56-------2




1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,140,000

$743,200

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation________ ___________________
Transferred from “ Capitol Grounds,
Architect of the Capitol” (69 Stat. 240).

$646,000

Adjusted appropriation_____________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated_____________________________
Obligated_____________________ _________
Increase in prior year obligations.._______

655,100

1,140,000

743,200

19,036
40,052
45

19,036
62,633

115,000

714,233

1,221,669

858,200

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

9,100

20

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

O BLIG ATIO N S BY O B JE C T S

A R C H IT E C T OF T H E C A P IT O L — Continued
07
CAPITOL B U IL D IN G S

AND

C o n tin u e d

Other contractual services— 1956, $2,600,000; 1957, $40,000,000.

G R O U N D S---- c o n t i n u e d
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

Capitol Buildings, Architect o f the Capitol— Continued
1955 actual

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND B ALAN CES---- c o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations

$668, 200
115, 000

1,087, 633

783,200

1,381

19,036

19,036
62. 633

Total expenditures and balances___

$1,025,000
62, 633

631,183

Total expenditures_________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(exDiring for obligation)
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
___ ________ __
Obligated
_
_
_ _ _
__ _

$591,121
40,062

115,000

714, 233

1,221, 669

PROGRAM

Program by activities:
Extension, reconstruction, and reolacement of the central portion of the
Capitol, and other related and appur­
tenant improvements (total obliga­
tions)
-- -

1957 estimate

$2, 600, 000

2, 400, 000
37, 600,000

A p pro priatio n
Contract authorization (indefinite)

5,000,000
37, 600, 000




1, 000, 000

1, 600, 000
21, 600,000
41, 600, 000

Capitol Grounds, Architect o f the Capitol
Capitol Grounds: For care and im provem ent of grounds surround­
ing the Capitol, Senate and House Office Buildings; Capitol Power
Plant; personal and other services; care of trees; planting; fertilizers ;
repairs to pavements, walks, and roadw ays; waterproof wearing
apparel; maintenance of signal lights; and for snow rem oval by hire
of men and equipment or under contract without compliance with
section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as am ended; [$ 2 8 0 ,0 0 0 ]
$282,600.
1956.)

(40 U. S. C. 162, 193a; Legislative Appropriation Act,

Appropriated 1956, $280,000
PROGRAM

Estimate 1957, $282,600
AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

$285, 506

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$280,000

$282, 600

280,000

282,600

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

21,694
307,200

O BLIG ATIO N S

BY O B JE C T S

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees_________

54
52

54
54

54
54

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average g r a d e ___
___________ ____ __
Ungraded positions: Average salary

$4, 677
GS-6.1
$3, 043

$4,796
G S-6.1
$3, 558

$4,850
GS-6.1
$3, 550

$172, 979
8, 551
700
27, 756

$200, 800
7.500
1.500
30, 900

$200, 800
7,500

209, 986

240, 700
50
30
20

240, 700
50
30
20

01

$37, 600, 000
- 3 7 , 600,000

20,000, 000

2,400,000
37, 600, 000

42, 600, 000

Object classification

STATUS OF UNFINANCED CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION

Appropriation to liquidate
tract authorization ____

16, 000, 000
4, 000, 000

Total expenditures and balances

$40, 000, 000

- 2 , 400, 000
-3 7 , 600, 000

41, 600, 000

1,000,000

Appropriation (a d ju ste d )_ __ __ _
_

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward:
Appropriation
Contract authorization (indefinite)
Unobligated balance carried forward:
ApDropriation
Contract authorization (indefinite)

Contract authorization (new, indefinite)
Unfinanced balance at beginning of year
_
Unfinanced balance at end of year_

42, 600, 000

Total expenditures. ______ _______
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation ._ _ __ _____________
Contract authorization (indefinite)
Obligated:
Appropriation ___
_ _ .
_ __
Contract authorization (indefinite)

Program by activities:
Care and improvement of the Capitol
Grounds (total obligations)________ _.
1956 estimate

1, 600, 000

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations..
___ __
Out of current aDpropriations to liqui­
date prior year contract authoriza­
tions,.
_ __
_ __ _ _ _ _ _
Out of prior authorizations____
_ _

Estimate 1957, $16,000,000

1955 actual

2, 400, 000
37, 600, 000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

858, 200

AND F IN A N C IN G

$16,000,000
- 1 6 , 000,000

37, 600, 000

Total budget authorizations avail­
_
______
able _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

uExtension of the Capitol” in the Act of August 5, 1955 (69 Stat.
515, 516), $16,000,000.
(Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $5,000,000

$5,000,000

Appropriation, __
__
Applied to contract authorizations ___ _
Contract authorization (indefinite)____
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation.
_
_
__ _
Contract authorization (indefinite)
Obligated:
A p p r o p r i a t i o n , _._ . ___ _
__
Contract authorization (indefinite)

75,000

Extension o f the Capitol, Architect of the Capitol
Extension of the Capitol: [ T h e ] To enable the Architect of the
Capitol [is hereby au th orized], under the direction of [ a ] the
Commission for Extension of the United States Capitol, [ t o be
com posed of the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House
of Representatives, the m inority leader of the Senate, the minority
leader of the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the
C a p itol,] to continue to provide for the extension, reconstruction,
and replacement of the central portion of the United States Capitol
[in substantial accordance with scheme B of the architectural
plan subm itted by a joint commission of Congress and reported to
Congress on M arch 3, 1905 (House D ocum ent numbered 385,
Fifty-eighth Congress), but with such m odifications and additions,
including provisions for restaurant facilities, and such other facili­
ties in the Capitol Grounds, together with utilities, equipment,
approaches, and other appurtenant or necessary items, as may be
approved by said Commission, and for such purposes there is
hereby appropriated $5,000,000, to remain available until ex­
pended: Provided, That the Architect of the Capitol under the
direction of said Commission and without regard to the provisions
of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, is authorized
to enter into contracts and to make such other expenditures, includ­
ing expenditures for personal and other services, as may be neces­
sary to carry out the purposes of this A ct and to obligate the
additional sums herein authorized prior to the actual appropria­
tion th ereof] and other improvements authorized under the heading

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1956 estimate

$37, 600, 000
-2 1 ,6 0 0 , 000

con­
16, 000,000

02
03
04

Personal services:
Permanent positions_____ _________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates _______
Total personal services.
________
_
_
_
_ ___________
Travel. . _
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________

188
6

32, 400

21

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
o b l ig a t io n s

by

Object classification
07

08
09

o b je c ts—

1956 estimate

$10,024
130
2, 360

$8, 450
5, 000
2, 700
50

$S,450
5,000
2, 000
50

7, 397

12, 000

Total obligations____________ _____

08
09

Other contractual services: General
annual repairs... ____________ __ __
Supplies and materials_____________
Equipm ent__________________ ________

$2,613
433
370

$2, 700
350
450

$2, 700
350
450

3, 416

3,500

3,500

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

9, 088

1955 actual

24, 403
5,762

432
5, 852
4, 853
2, 366
285, 506

6, 000

8, 500

5, 000
280, 000

$3, 500
362

$3, 500
437

$3, 500
500

Total budget authorizations avail­
able _ ____
________ _______
..

3, 862

3,937

4,000

2,979
155

3,000
437

3,000
500

1956 estimate

3,134

3, 437

3, 500

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

282, 600

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.. ________
Out of prior authorizations______

1957 estimate

$342, 500

Adjusted appropriation ... .
____
Obligated balance brought forward. _ ___

307, 200
17, 586

280,000
21, 480

282, 600
20, 000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able
__
____ __ ________

324, 786

301, 480

302, 600

$280, 000

Total expenditures. _ _ ___ ___
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) _ _ _
Other___ _____________ __
__
__ __
Obligated balance carried forward________
Total expenditures and balances___

$282, 600

11, 400
3, 700

500

3, 937

4, 000

U. S. C. 174c; Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $960,690
264,026
15, 210

260, 000
21, 480

262, 600
20, 000

279, 236

281, 480

21, 694
2,376
21, 480

20, 000

20, 000

324, 786

301, 480

302, 600

Estimate 1957, $1,009,200

282, 600

PROGRAM

AND FIN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Maintenance and operation of the Sen­
ate Office Building (total obligations).

Appropriation (adjusted)

Subway Transportation, Capitol and Senate Office Buildings,
Architect o f the Capitol
Subway transportation, Capitol and Senate Office Buildings: For
maintenance, repairs, and rebuilding of the subway transportation
system connecting the Senate Office Building with the Capitol, in­
cluding personal and other services, $3,500. (36 Stat. 1443; Legis­
lative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $3,500

Estimate 1957, $3,500
AND F IN A N C IN G

$3,416

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available. _

3, 500

$3, 500

$3, 500

3,500

3, 500

_ .

Object classification
Total number of permanent positions.- _
Average number of all employees. _. . . ..
Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary
Average grade _
Ungraded positions: Average salary

1957 estimate

84

Appropriation____ _______________ ___

1956 estimate

___

O BLIG ATIO NS

01
1955 actual




500

3, 862

Senate Office Building, Architect of the Capitol
Senate Office Building: For maintenance, miscellaneous items
and supplies, including furniture, furnishings, and equipment, and
for labor and material incident thereto, and repairs thereof; for
purchase of waterproof wearing apparel and for personal and other
services; including five female attendants in charge of ladies’ retiring
rooms at $1,800 each, for the care and operation of the Senate
Office Building; to be expended under the control and supervision
of the Architect of the Capitol, in all, [$960,690J $1,009,200. (40

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Program by activities:
Maintenance of the subway transporta­
tion system connecting the Senate
Office Building with the Capitol
(total obligations)_____ _____________

84
207
437

9,100
11,100

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

PROGRAM

1957 estimate

Appropriation. . . .
___ . _______
Obligated balance brought forward_______

5,800

Appropriation.
.
.
______
Transferred (69 Stat. 240) to—
“ Capitol Buildings, Architect of the
Capitol”
_ _
_
_ _
“ Senate Office Building, Architect of
the Capitol” _
_ _
_ _
“ House Office Buildings, Architect of
the Capitol” _
“ Structural
and
mechanical
care,
library
buildings
and
grounds,
Architect of the Capitol” . _ __
_

_

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

2, 659

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Total expenditures and balances

1957 estimate

Total obligations ___________________

1955 actual

Total expenditures____ _______ _ _
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) _ _ _
Other . ______ __
_
_
___
Obligated balance carried forward____

1956 estimate

12, 000

07

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

E xpenditures—
Out of current authorizations___ __
Out of prior authorizations___________ __

BY O BJECTS

1955 actual

Object classification

1957 estimate

1955 actual

Other contractual services:
General annual repairs
__________
Snow removal
Maintenance signal lights __ _ _
_
Advertising. _ _
_
_
_
Repairs to streets, sidewalks, curb­
ing and other paved areas _____
Renewal of paving over legislative
garage and adjacent areas in en­
larged section of Capitol Grounds.
Preparation of square 723, Capitol
Grounds, for temporary auto­
mobile parking use
Steam cleaning terrace steps
Installation of additional traffic
signal lights
Government insurance contribu­
tions
Supplies and materials ___ . _ __ Equipment:
Annual _ _. _
- ____ __ _______
Replacement of bandstand

O BLIGATIONS

c o n tin u e d

03
04
07

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_____
Total personal services___ ._
Transportation of things
_
Communication services
. . . .
Other contractual services:
Elevator repairs and improvements.
Furniture repairs____ ____
_
General annual repairs______________
Annual painting______ . . . ______
Laundry_____
Ice_____ _ _.
__ __
_ ...

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$960, 690

$1, 009, 200

960, 690

1, 009, 200

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

213
213

217
217

217
217

$4,144
GS-6.4
$3,017

$4, 626
GS-6.4
$3, 463

$4, 751
GS-6.4
$3, 452

$606, 301
10, 717
1,900
86,251

$692, 700
15,000
4, 400
100,700

$692, 700
15,000

705,169
7
14

812, 800

812, 800

15,179
2, 656
12, 891
25, 054
4, 695
1, 610

7,100
2, 500
15,000
17, 600
6, 500
2, 000

37,100
2, 500
15, 000
33,000
6, 500
2,000

$863, 571
1,029
864, 600

BY O BJECTS

1955 actual

105,100

22

THE BUDGET FOE FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d
PROGRAM AND FIN AN CIN G -----c o n t i n u e d

A R C H IT E C T OF T H E C A P IT O L — Continued
Senate Office Building, Architect o f the Capitol— Continued
o b l ig a t io n s

objects—

by

Object classification
07

09

1955 actual

Other contractual services— Con.
Maintenance, air-conditioning sys­
tems__________________________ _____
Repairs to roof______________________
Convert substation space for office
use_______________________ _________
Survey and study of illumination...
Government insurance contribu­
tions_______________________________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment:
Annual rugs and floor coverings____
Annual machinery, tools, and mis­
cellaneous_________________________
Annual furniture and furnishings..
Revolving arm chairs for offices........
Typist chairs for offices_____________
File cabinets___________________ _____
Fluorescent desk la m p s ....................
Folding chairs_______________________
New typewriter desks and flattop
desks______________________________
Public address system, caucus room.
Total obligations.

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

—$5,250,606
- 1 3 , 750,000

-$ 8 8 , 508

con tin ued

$7,166

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$9,400

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward:
Appropriation______ __________________
Contract authorization________________
Unobligated balance carried forward:
A p prop riatio n.___ __________
...
_
Contract authorization_____
_ __ _

$11,300
26,000

-$ 8 8 , 508
-1 9 ,7 0 8 , 636
5, 250,606
13, 750,000

88, 508

88, 508

Contract authorization (new )________

8,096
10,000

STATUS OF UNFINANCED CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION

1,600
25,004

25.000

25.000

23,393

42.000

25.000

3,170
2, 589
3, 483
1, 319
3,052
1, 346
2,078

1,290
2, 500
3,650
1,350
3, 500
1,500
1,000

2,000
2, 500
3, 650
1, 350
3,500

Unfinanced balance at beginning of year..
Unfinanced balance at end of year___ __

$19, 750,000
- 1 3 , 750,000

$13, 750,000
- 5 , 250,000

$5, 250,000

Appropriation to liquidate contract
authorization________
.................

6,000,000

8, 500,000

5,250,000

O BLIG ATIO N S BY O BJECT S

07

Other contractual services— 1955, $796,538; 1956, $18,912,098.
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

6,000
4,000
863, 571

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$6,000,000
-6 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

$8, 500,000
- 8 , 500,000

$5,250,000
- 5 , 250,000

88, 508
19,708, 636

5, 250, 606
13,750,000

88, 508

306,658
41,364

616,391

8, 278,489
2, 750,000

20,145,166

1,009, 200

960, 690

19,616,997

11,116,997

2, 721, 511
5,778,489

2,721, 511
5,778,489

8, 500,000

8,500,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation_____________________ _____
Transferred from “ Capitol Giounds. Ar­
chitect of the Capitol” (69 Stat. 240)........

$853,500

Adjusted appropriation_____________
Obligated balance brought forward.............
Total budget authorizations avail­
able______________________ _________

$960,690

$1,009,200

864,600
40,052

960, 690
60,405

1,009,200
75,000

904,652

1,021,095

1,084, 200

11,100

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.....................
Out of prior authorizations_____ ________

803,166
38, 839

885, 690
60,405

929, 200
75,000

Total expenditures......... ........................
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other_____________________________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

842,005

946,095

1,004, 200

1,029
1, 213
60,405

75,000

Total expenditures and balances___

904, 652

1,021,095

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____ ____ ___________________ __
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current appropriations to liqui­
date prior year contract authoriza­
tions_____ __ ______ __________________
}
Out of prior authorizations____ _________

/
\

528,169

5, 250, 606
13,750,000

80,000

Total expenditures__________________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation__________ _____ _________
Contract authorization. _____ ______
Obligated:
Appropriation, _ _ ____________________
Contract authorization __ __

616, 391

8, 278, 489
2, 750,000

2, 528, 489

1,084, 200

Total expenditures and balances___

20,145,166

19,616,997

11,116,997

A D D IT IO N A L OFFICE B U ILD IN G FOR TH E U N IT ED STATES SE N A TE

Acquisition o f Site, Construction and Equipment, Additional Senate
Office Building, Architect o f the Capitol
Construction and equipm ent of additional Senate Office Building:
T o enable the Architect of the Capitol, under the direction of the
Senate Office Building Com mission, to continue to provide for the
construction and equipment of a fireproof office building for the use
of the United States Senate, in accordance with the provisions of
the Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1948 (62 Stat. 1029),
[$8 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 ] $5,250,000: Provided, That no part of the funds here­
in appropriated shall be obligated or expended for construction of
the rear center wing of said building, from the ground floor up,
provided for under the building plans heretofore approved by such
Commission. ( Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $8,500,000

Appropriation___ __ __ __________________
Applied to contract authorization______
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation_________________________
Contract authorization-----------------------Obligated:
Appropriation--------------------------------------Contract authorization________________

528,169

88, 508

88, 508

Legislative Garage, Architect o f the Capitol
Legislative garage: For maintenance, repairs, alterations, per­
sonal and other services, and all other necessary expenses, $38,500.
(40 U. S. C. 185a; Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $38,500
PROGRAM

Estimate 1957, $38,500
AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Maintenance and operation of legisla­
tive garage (total obligations)--------------

1956 estimate

34,200

$38,500

38,500

38, 500

1957 estimate

1,789

Appropriation...........................................

$38,500

1956 estimate

$32,411

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

1957 estimate

Estimate 1957, $5,250,000
O BLIG ATIO N S BY O B JE C T S

PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

Object classification
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1955 actual

1957 estimate
Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________

Program by activities:
Construction and equipment of an addi­
tional office building for the United
States Senate (total obligations)...........




$18,912,098

7
7

7
7

Average salaries and grades:
Ungraded positions: Average salary____
$796,538

7
7
$3,176

$3,651

$3, 651

23

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
o b l ig a t io n s

by

Object classification

o b je c ts—

co n tin u e d

07

08

1956 estimate

$22,139
85
7,209

$25, 560
200
9,240

$25, 560

Total personal services______ _____
Other contractual services:
General annual repairs___ _________
Government insurance contribu­
tions_______________________________
Supplies and m aterials_______________

29, 433

35,000

35,000

1,986

2, 500

2, 500

60
932

1,000

1, 000

32,411

38, 500

38, 500

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

07
9,440

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1955 actual

Other contractual services— Con.
Renew steam lines, heating room,
old building____ _ _ _ __________
Renew condensate return facilities
Renew acoustical tile ceilings in
dining room and kitchen of
cafeteria, new building_________
Renew paving, New Jersey Ave.
and C St. approach, new building.
Laundry _________ ______ _ ______
Government insurance contribu­
tions.
__
_
____________
Roof repairs and replacement, old
b u ild in g ____________ ______ _____
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment:
Special equipment__________________
Storage boxes________________________
Total obligations__________________

co n tin u e d

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$4,500
4,800
$2,416
2, 770
2,352
2,468
69,960
28, 736

25,000

1,334
1, 970

1,000
3,000

oo
o o
oo

1955 actual

o b je c ts—

1.064,162

1,125,000

1,149, 900

o
o
o

08
09

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

by

Object classification

1957 estimate

Total obligations___________ _____ ___

01

1955 actual

o b l ig a t io n s

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

Appropriation--------------------------------------------Obligated balance brought forward_______

$34,200
1,396

$38, 500
1,820

$38,500
2,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
___________________
able__________

35,596

40,320

40, 500

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,125,000

$1,149,900

BUDCJET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations_____ ________

36, 500
1,820

36, 500
2,000

Total expenditures___________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). _ .
O th e r __________________
. ____________
Obligated balance carried forward...............

31,968

38,320

38, 500

1,789
19
1,820

2,000

2,000

Total expenditures and balances___

35, 596

40, 320

40, 500

$984, 200

Adjusted appropriation_____________
Reappropriation of prior year balance
Obligated balance brought forward_______

995,600
70,000
63, 749

1,125,000

1,149,900

67,179

80,000

Total budget authorizations availa­
ble_______ ______ __________________ _

1,129,349

1,192,179

1, 229, 900

996, 993
63, 475

1,045,000
67,179

1,067,900
80,000

Total expenditures _________ _______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other.
_
. ______________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

1,060, 468

1,112,179

1,147, 900

1, 438
264
67,179

80,000

82,000

Total expenditures and balances___

30,633
1,335

Appropriation _________________________________________
Transferred from “ Capitol Grounds,
Architect of the Capitol’ ’ (69 Stat. 240) _ _

1,129,349

1,192,179

1, 229,900

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.....................
Out of prior authorizations.-....................

H ouse Office Buildings, Architect o f the Capitol
House Office Buildings: For maintenance, including equipment,
waterproof wearing apparel, miscellaneous items, and for all neces­
sary services, [$1,125,0001 $1,149,900. (40 U. S. C. 175; Legisla­
tive Appropriation Act, 1956.)\

Appropriated 1956, $1,125,000

11,400

Estimate 1957, $1,149,900

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

A D D I T I O N A L H O U S E OFFICE B U I L D I N G
1955 actual
Program by activities:
Maintenance and operation of the
House Office Buildings (total obliga­
tions)____________ _____ _____ ______ _____

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Aquisition o f Property, Construction and Equipment, Additional
H ouse Office Building, Architect o f the Capitol
$1,064,162

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

995,600
70,000

$1,149,900

1,125,000

1,149,900

1,438

Appropriation (adjusted)......................
Reappropriation______________________

$1,125,000

Acquisition of property, construction and equipment, Additional
House Office Building: To enable the Architect of the Capitol, under
the direction of the House Office Building Commission, to continue to
provide for the acquisition of property, construction and equipment of
an additional fireproof office building for the use of the House of
Representatives, and other changes and improvements, authorized by
the Additional House Office Building Act of 1955 (69 Stat. 41, 42),
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 .

Estimate 1957, $10,000,000

O BLIG ATIO N S BY O B JE C T S

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________

360
354

360
360

$4,128
GS-5.3
$2,962

$4,494
GS-5.3
$3,338

$4,515
GS-5.3
$3, 333

$810,695
1, 412
2,300
73,801

$915, 700
2,500
5,400
93,600

$915, 700
2,500

888, 208

1,017,200
25
10
10

1,017, 200
25
10
10

1955 actual

360
360

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary..............................................
Average grade__________ . _ _________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

01

02
03
04
07

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than perfnanent____
Regular pay abore 52-week base____
Payment above basic rates................
Total personal services......................
Travel_______________ __________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Other contractual services:
Annual painting.............................. ........
Elevator repairs_____________ _______
Elevator modernization and im ­
provements................ ........... ...............
Air-conditioning maintenance______
General annual repairs......................




3
11

99,000

44,940
3,773

45,000
4,955

40,000
4,955

4,691
10,530

4,200
5,300
10,000

35,000
13, 700
10,000

Program by activities:
1. Acquisition of property, protection,
and demolition of structures_______
2. Planning, construction, and equip­
ment of an additional office build­
ing for the House of Representa­
tives and of appurtenant facilities,
including remodeling of the pres­
ent House Office Buildings................
Total obligations................................

$4,904,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$250,000

$100,000

2,111

5, 643, 889

21,600,000

4,906, 111

5,893, 889

21, 700,000

-9 3 ,8 8 9
- 2 7 , 500,000

—21,700,000

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward:
Appropriation___________ __________
Contract authorization (indefinite)
Unobligated balance carried forward:
Appropriation
___
_____________
Contract authorization (indefinite)-..

93,889
27, 500,000

Appropriation ______________________
Contract authorization (indefinite)...

5,000,000
27,500,000

21, 700, 000

24

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d
PROGRAM

A R C H IT E C T OF T H E C A P IT O L — Continued
a d d it io n a l

house

o f f ic e

b u il d in g

— continued

1955 actual

Aquisition o f Property, Construction and Equipment, Additional
H ouse Office Building, Architect o f the Capitol— Continued
STATUS OF UNFINANCED CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION

1955 actual
Contract authorization (new, indefinite)._
Unfinanced balance at beginning of year
Unfinanced balance at end of year________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$27, 500,000
-2 7 , 500,000

Object classification
07

Appropriation

1957 estimate

$1, 279, 500

$1,304,300

1, 237,000

1, 279, 500

1, 304, 300

BY

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

O BJECTS

1955 actual

4,906,111

$2, 111

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$5,643, 889

$21,600,000

250,000

1956 estimate

83
83

71
71

71
71

$4, 891
GS-6.1
$3, 800

$5, 554
G S-6.9
$4, 471

$5, 609
GS-6.9
$4, 465

$331, 262
6,247
1, 300
81,121

$325, 000
10,000
2, 500
74,000

$325,000
10, 000

419, 930
15
59

411. 500
100
10
10

386, 300
100
10
10

105
485, 054

200
535,000

200
575, 000

28, 795

30,000
50

36,000
50

15,464
238, 616
49

13,500
289,130

17, 500
289,130

1,198,040

1, 279, 500

1, 304, 300

01

100,000

5,8

21, 700,000
02
03
04
05

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary _____ _ ___________
Average grade_____________ __ ______
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

1955 actual

4,904,000

1957 estimate
07

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________ ______

1956 estimate

38, 960

_ ________

Object classification

BY O BJECTS

Other contractual services:
Plan­
ning, construction, and equipment
of an additional office building for
the House of Representatives and of
appurtenant facilities, including
remodeling of the present House
Office Buildings____________________
Lands and structures: Acquisition
of property, protection, and dem­
olition of structures________________

Appropriation_____________________________
Appropriation applied to contract au­
thorization_______________________________
Contract authorization (indefinite)_______
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation_________________________
Contract authorization (indefinite) _ ..
Obligated:
Appropriation_________________________
Contract authorization (indefinite) —

.

O BLIG ATIO N S

10,000, 000

Total obligations__________________

10

$1,198,040

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

$27, 500,000
-1 7 , 500,000

Appropriation to liquidate contract
authorization____ _ _ ______ __ _

O BLIG ATIO N S

Program by activities:
Operation and maintenance of the
Capitol Power Plant, its steam and
ohilled-water distribution systems
(total obligations)_____ __ __________

$27, 500,000
- 2 7 , 500,000

AND F IN A N C IN G

$10,000,000

$5,000,000

-10,000,000
27, 500,000
08
27, 500,000

21, 700,000

4,904,008
5, 800,000
32, 500,000

32,497, 897

27, 500,000

13

Personal services:
Permanent positions--.
____ _____
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Total personal services_____ ______
Travel______________ ___ _______ _____
Transportation of t h i n g s - - ._______ __
Communication services____________ Rents and utility services:
Annual gas ______________ . _______
Purchase of electrical energy___ . . .
Other contractual services:
General annual repairs and altera­
tions_____________________ _________
Advertising___ __
________ ________
Emergency repairs to steam line,
Botanic Garden conservatory____
Government insurance contribu­
tions . _ __________ ___________ _
Supplies and materials:
Miscellaneous annual s u p p lie s .___
Fuel
_________________________
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Total obligations___________ ______

51, 300

8, 990
963

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

AND BALAN CES

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations__________
Out of current appropriations to liqui­
date prior year contract authoriza­
tions_________________ ______ __________
Out of prior authorizations_____________

1955 actual

2,103

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

10,000,000
4,997,897
2,103

4, 997, 897

93, 889
27, 500,000

21, 700,000

Total expenditures and balances...

32, 500,000

10,000,000

$1, 237,000
173,185

$1, 279, 500
132, 637

$1,304,300
140,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able
_ ____ _______ ____________
_

Total expenditures_________________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation________________________
Contract authorization (indefinite) _ _
Obligated:
Appropriation________________________
Contract authorization (indefinite) - _

Appropriation --------------- -------------- ----------Obligated balance brought forward ______

1,410,185

1,412,137

1,444, 300

1,065, 403
168, 583

1,139, 500
132, 637

1.160, 300
140, 000

Total expenditures________ _____ ____
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
O th e r ______________ _________ ____________
Obligated balance carried forward __ _____

1, 233, 986

1, 272,137

1,300, 300

38,960
4,602
132, 637

140,666

144,000

Total expenditures and balances___

1, 410,185

1,412,137

1, 444, 300

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

4,904,008
5, 800,000

17,500,000

32, 497, 897

27, 500,000

Capitol Power Plant, Architect o f the Capitol
Capitol Power Plant: For lighting, heating, and power (including
the purchase of electrical energy), for the Capitol, Senate and House
Office Buildings, Supreme Court Building, Congressional Library
Buildings, and the grounds about the same, Botanic Garden, legis­
lative garage, and for air-conditioning refrigeration not supplied
from plants in any of such buildings; for heating the Government
Printing Office, Washington City Post Office and Folger Shakespeare
Library, reimbursement for which shall be made and covered into
the Treasury; personal and other services, fuel, oil, materials, water­
proof wearing apparel, and all other necessary expenses in connec­
tion with the maintenance and operation of the plant, [$1 ,2 79 ,5 00 ]

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

$1,304,300.
(40 U. S. C. 185; 42 Stat. 767; 46 Stat. 5L 583; 50
Stat. 10; 52 Stat. 392; 68 Stat. 803; Legislative Appropriation Act ,
1956.)

Changes and Improvements, Capitol Pow er Plant, Architect o f the
Capitol
Changes and improvements, Capitol Power Plant: Toward carry­
ing out the changes and im provements authorized by the A ct of
O ctober 26, 1949 (Public Law 413, Eighty-first Congress),
[$ 1 ,8 00 ,0 00 ] $1,196,000 , to be expended by the Architect of the
Capitol under the direction of the House Office Building Commis­
sion. (Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,279,500

Appropriated 1956, $1,800,000




Estimate 1957, $1,304,300

Estimate 1957, $1,196,000

25

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

L IB R A R Y
1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
1. Boiler plant changes and related im$13, 850

55, 559

200,000

786, 901

2, 243, 846

736, 281

1, 685,000

60, 519

60, 000

Total obligations----------------------------

Structural and M echanical Care, Library Buildings and Grounds,
Architect of the Capitol

$58, 957

1, 698, 935

4, 202, 696

58, 957

-1 ,4 6 4 , 588
-4 ,4 9 6 ,0 0 0

-1 ,2 6 5 , 653
- 2 , 996,000

1,265, 653
2,996,000

58,957

2. N ew tunnel, steam lines, chilledwater lines, and related improve-

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward:
A p p rop riatio n .___ ___________________
Contract authorization________________
Unobligated balance carried forward:
_____
Appropriation
__ . .
Contract authorization________________

to exceed $10,000 shall be available for expenditure without regard to
section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended.
(2 U. S. C. 141;
Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $732,500
PROGRAM

Estimate 1957, $809,000
AND F IN AN CIN G

- 5 8 , 957

Program by activities:
Mechanical and structural mainte­
nance, Library buildings and grounds
_
___ ____ __
(total obligations)_

1957 estimate

$732, 500

$809, 000

732, 500

809,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

58
57

58
58

59
59

$3, 220
GS-4.0
$3, 699

$3,465
GS-4.0
$4, 391

$3, 575
GS-4.0
$4, 378

$214,830
827
51, 761

$252,800
1,900
67, 500

$256, 700

267, 418

322, 200

336, 700

14,399
12,110

13, 400
13,000

16,800
15,000

8,070

20,500

7,600

4,883

7, 500

5,000

$402, 701

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

999

_________

403, 700

STATUS OF UNFINANCED CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION

Appropriation (adjusted)

$4, 496, 000
- 2 , 996, 000

$2,996,000
-1,1 9 6 ,0 0 0

$1,196, 000

1,500, 000

1, 800,000

1,196,000

OBLIG ATIO NS

Appropriation to liquidate contract
authorization_____ ______ _____

1956 estimate

1955 actual

Contract authorization (new)

Unfinanced balance at beginning of year..
Unfinanced balance at end of year------------

GROUNDS

Structural and mechanical care: For the necessary expenditures
for mechanical and structural maintenance, including minor
improvements, equipment, supplies, waterproof wearing apparel,
and personal and other services, [$7 3 2 ,5 0 0 ] $809,000, of which not

$59, 675

3. Electrical conversions, 25-cycle alter­
nating current and direct current
to 60-cycle alternating cu r r e n t-___
4. Refrigeration plant changes and re­
lated improvements____________
5. Engineering, administration, and
contingencies _____________________

B U ILD IN G S AND

Object classification

BY O BJECTS

1955 actual

O BLIG ATIO N S BY O BJECT S

Object classification
07

Other contractual services:
Boiler plant changes and related
improvements_____ _
- - New tunnel, steam lines, chilledwater lines, and related improve­
ments_____________________ ________
Electrical conversion, 25-cycle alter­
nating current and direct current
to 60-cycle alternating current-----Refrigeration plant changes and
related improvements------------------Engineering, administration, and
contingencies______________________
Total obligations________________

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees
Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
_
Average grade_ __ _________________ _
Ungraded positions: Average salary------

$59,675

$13,850

55, 559

200,000

786,901

2, 243, 846

736, 281

1, 685,000

60,519

60,000

$58, 957

1, 698, 935

4, 202,696

58, 957

01

07

BUDGET A U TH O R IZ A TIO N S, E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation________
_ . _ _
Applied to contract authorization.. .
..
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation
______ ________
_ _
Contract authorization______ _________
Obligated:
Appropriation _ _
.
Contract authorization___
Total budget authorizations avail­
___
_________
able . .

$1,500,000
-1,5 0 0 ,0 0 0

$1,800,000
-1,8 0 0 ,0 0 0

1, 464, 588
4,496,000

1, 265, 653
2,996,000

1,823, 285

2,001,133

7, 783, 873

6, 262, 786

$1,196,000
-1,1 9 6 ,0 0 0

58, 957
2, 429, 061
1,137,043
3, 625, 061

EXPEN D ITU RES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current appropriations to liqui­
date prior year contract authoriza­
tions
- ____ __ . _. . ________
Out of prior authorizations---------------

1,521,087

2, 637, 725

1,196, 000
2, 429,061

1, 521,087

2, 637, 725

3, 625,061

Total expenditures_____ _____________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated:
Appropriation
_________ ____ ____
Contract authorization-----------------------Obligated:
Appropriation
_____
___
Contract authorization___
____ _______

1, 265, 653
2, 996,000
2,001,133

2,429,061
1,137,043

Total expenditures and balances___

7, 783, 873

6, 262, 786




08
09

58,957
10
3, 625,061

Personal services:
Permanent positions
. _____ _____
Regular pay above 52-week base----Payment above basic rates_________
Total personal services__________
Other contractual services:
General annual repairs____
_____
Annual painting. . _________ _______
Maintenance and repairs, air-con­
ditioning and refrigeration sys­
_ . .
_
.
...
tems
Maintenance and repairs to ele­
vators
. ______ ______
Elevator modernization and im­
provements
Equipping part of bookstacks with
_
_ ________
map cases, annex_
Equipping part of deck for bookshelving, annex. . . __
_ __
_
Installation of floor tile, both build­
ings______
..
_
_ _____ __
Plumbing renewals in public toilets,
both buildings _
_ __
_
_
_
Roof repairs and replacements, in­
cluding elimination of skylights,
main building
Pointing exterior stonework, main
_
_ __
_
b u ild in g ____
Repairs to mosaic ceilings and floor
tile and marble floor tile, main
building
_
__
_
_
Increase capacity of and make
alterations to air-conditioning
system, annex
_____
Alterations to increase capacity of
rare books division, main building.
Government insurance contribu­
tions
_
_
Supplies and materials___ __ _________
Equipment:
Fumigation vault, annex . ________
Electric paper baler
_________
Storage batteries for tram motors
Directory boards at entrances, both
buildings
Drinking fountains, main building
Fire extinguishers
Land and structures______ __
_______
Total obligations

_ __ _____ __
_

35, 937

80,000

109, 000

26,833

15, 000

30, 000

16, 569

37, 500

85, 000

4, 800

27,600

4, 000

2,300
114,000
10, 000
10, 000

265, 000
2, 500
592
13, 708

15, 000

15, 000
17, 000
5, 000

1,950
1, 300
750
1, 272
910

8,100

3,000

402, 701

732, 500

809, 000

26

TH E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BA L A N C E S---- C o n t i n u e d

A R C H IT E C T OF T H E C A P IT O L — Continued
LIB R A R Y B U IL D IN G S AN D G R O U N D S— C o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

Structural and M echanical Care, Library Buildings and Grounds,
Architect o f the Capitol— Continued
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1957 estimate

$35,129
17,047

$50,000
17,284

$61, 700
18,000

52,176

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations____ ______
Out of prior authorizations. ______ ______

1956 estimate

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation.......................... ............................
Transferred from “ Capitol Grounds,
Architect of the Capitol” (69 Stat. 240)..

$400,000

Adjusted appropriation____ ________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations_________

403, 700
69,839
570

732, 500
101,856

474,109

834,356

67, 284

79,700

871
594
17,284

18,000

20,000

70,925

85, 284

99,700

809.000
110.000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) __ _
Other________ __________ _________ _______
Obligated balance carried forward________

919,000

$732,500

$809,000

Total expenditures and balances___

3,700

M iscellaneous
Capitol Building , Senate and House Roofs and Chambers, Architect
of the Capitol

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations................
Out of prior authorizations........................

302, 648
68, 606

622, 500
101,856

689.000
110.000

Total expenditures_________ ________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)____ _____________
Obligated balance carried forward......... ..

371, 254

724, 356

799, 000

999
101, 856

110, 000

120, 000

Total expenditures and balances___

474,109

834,356

919,000

Furniture and Furnishings, Library Buildings and Grounds,
Architect o f the Capitol
Furniture and furnishings: For furniture, partitions, screens;
shelving, and electrical work pertaining thereto and repairs thereof,
office and library equipment, apparatus, and labor-saving devices,
J
[$ 6 8 ,0 0 0 ] $81,700. (I T . S. C. H I ; Legislative Appropriation Act ,

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
Reconstruction of roofs and skylights
over Senate and House w ings and re­
r
modeling Senate and House cham­
bers, Capitol Building (total obliga­
tions) ___________________________________

$1,888

$13, 722

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forw ard...
Unobligated balance carried forward___

-1 5 ,6 1 0
13, 722

1957 estimate

-1 3 ,7 2 2

Contract authorization (new) _ ..........

O B L IG A T IO N S B Y O B JE C T S

1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $68,000

Estimate 1957, $81,700

07

Other contractual services— 1955, $1,888; 1956, $13,722.
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND B A L AN CES

PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1957 estimate
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Program by activities:
Furniture and furnishings for the Con­
gressional Library buildings (total
obligations)__________________ ____ __

$49,129

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

50,000

81, 700

68,000

O BL IG AT IO N S BY O B JE C T S

Object classification
07

1955 actual
$11,237

Total obligations......... ....................

09

Other contractual services____________
Refinishing desk tops, main reading
room, main building.......... ................
Equipment:
Annual office furniture, equipment,
and office machines______________
Typewriter replacements___________
M ovable p a rtitio n s._______________
Composing machines and related
equipment for card division_____
Card cabinets for Copyright Office
Replacement of V e n e tia n blinds,
annex_________ _____ _______________

49,129

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$8, 500

$13, 722

15, 638

13, 722

Total expenditures (out of prior authori­
zations) ___________________________________
Unobligated balance carried forward_____

871

Appropriation________________________

$81, 700

$15,610
28

Total budget authorizations avail­
able _______________________________

$68,000

Balance brought forward:
U n o b lig a t e d ___ _ ___________________
Obligated________________________________

1,916
13, 722

13, 722

Total expenditures and balances___

15,638

13, 722

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

$8, 500
10,000

18, 745
9,367
9,780

30.000
10.000
10,000

30.000
10.000
10,000

Reconstruction, Repair , Alteration, and Improvement, Capitol Grounds,
Architect of the Capitol
PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

8, 000
5, 200

1955 actual

1956 estimate

9,500
81, 700

68,000

BUDGET A U TH O R IZ A TIO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Reconstruction, repair, alteration, and
improvement of the areas of the
Capitol Grounds located above and
in the vicinity of the legislative garage
(total obligations)_________________ ____

$38,800

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward-----

572, 200

-5 7 2 , 200

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ ______ _ __________ ___




$50,000
20, 925

$68,000
17,284

$81,700
18,000

70,925

85, 284

99, 700

Appropriation

__________ __________

O BLIG ATIO N S

$572,200

611,000

BY O B J E C T S

07 Other contractual services—1955, $38,800; 1956, $572,200.

1957 estimate

27

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation. __ __ _________
______
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated.............. ............. ........... .........
________
Obligated _ _______________ __

$611,000
$572,200
38, 796

Total budget authorizations avail­
able______ __________________ ______

611,000

610,996

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

4
610,996

Total expenditures _________ ______
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated_____________________________
Obligated______ ______ ______ _____ _______

572, 200
38, 796

Total expenditures and balances___

611,000

4

610,996

610, 996

B O T A N IC G A R D E N
Salaries and Expenses, Botanic Garden
Salaries and expenses: For all necessary expenses incident to
maintaining, operating, repairing, and im proving the Botanic
Garden and the nurseries, buildings, grounds, collections, and
equipment pertaining thereto, including personal services (including
not to exceed $3,000 for tem porary labor without regard to the
Classification A ct of 1949, as am ended); waterproof wearing apparel;
not to exceed $25 for emergency medical supplies; traveling expenses
including streetcar fares, not to exceed $275; the prevention and
eradication of insect and other pests and plant diseases by purchase
of materials and procurement of personal services by contract with­
out regard to the provisions of any other A ct; purchase and exchange
of m otor trucks; purchase and exchange, maintenance, repair, and
operation of a passenger m otor vehicle; purchase of botanical books,
periodicals, and books of reference, not to exceed $100; repairs and
im provements to D irector’s residence; all under the direction of the
Joint Com mittee on the Library; [$ 2 46 ,0 00 ] $253,600: Provided,
That no part of this appropriation shall be used for the distribution,
by congressional allotment, of trees, plants, shrubs, or other nursery
stock. (40 U. S. C. 216; Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $246,000

Estimate 1957, $253,600

PROGRAM AND FIN A N C IN G

Rotunda Frieze, Capitol Building, Architect of the Capitol
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Obligated balance brought forward ______

$35

Program by activities:
Maintenance and operation of United
States Botanic Garden (total obliga­
tions) ___ ______________________________

$225,500

$246,000

$253,600

Financing:
Appropriation. _______________________

1956 estimate

225,500

246,000

253,600

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
OBLIGATIONS BY O BJECTS

Total expenditures (out of prior authori­
zations)____ ______________________________

35
Object classification

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Reconstruction, repair, alteration, and
improvement of terraces of Capitol
Building, including adjacent House
and Senate walkways (total obliga­
tions)._____ ___________________ _____ . . .

$3,859
G S-3.7
$3,705

$3,918
GS-3.7
$4,048

$165,607
2,231
600
26,799

$179,400
3,000
1,300
30,400

$187,400
3,000

Total personal services____________
Travel____ ______ _____ _________________
Transportation of things _____
_ _
Communication services_____________
Penalty m ail____ _ _______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Other contractual services:
General annual repairs____________
Laundry _________ __________________
Government insurance contribu­
tions______________________ ________
Supplies and materials_____________ . . .
Equipment: Botanic Garden stock___
Lands and structures: Annual________

195,237
8
110
20
240

214,100
150
50
100
100
200

222,100
150
50
100
100
300

9, 715
84

6,200
100

5,200
100

9,500
15,400
100

10,000
15,400
100

225,500

246,000

253,600

01

02
03
04

9,208

Reappropriation_____________________

07

1957 estimate

$3,589
G S-3.7
$3,339

$35, 292

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

O BLIG ATIO N S

1956 estimate

48
47

Total obligations........... ............. ...........

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

48
47

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary. ______________________
Average g r a d e ____________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

Terraces of Capitol Building, Architect of the Capitol

48
46

05
07

44,500

08
09
10

BY O B JE C T S

Other contractual services— 1955, $35,292.

Personal services:
Permanent positions_______________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

404
10,782
8,900

31,700

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , EX PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Reappropriation of prior year balance____
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations_________

$44, 500
625, 201
2,943

$22,354

Total budget authorizations avail­
able. ________________________ _____

672,644

22,354

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation____________ _________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year o b lig a tio n s..... .........

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______ _______

$253,600
15,000

232,595

259,094

268,600

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations__________
Out of prior authorizations ____________

212,406
7,095

231,000
13,094

238,000
15,000

Total expenditures_________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

219,501
13,094

244,094
15,000

253,000
15,600

Total expenditures and balances___

232,595

259,094

268,600

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

12,938
628,144

22,354

Total expenditures__________________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation) __ ____________
Obligated balance carried forward________

641,082

22,354

Total expenditures and balances___

672, 644




$246,000
13,094

Total budget authorizations avail­
able______________________ _________

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

$225,500
7,094
1

9,208
22,354
22,354

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957

28

C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d
PROGRAM AND FIN A N C IN G ---- c o n t i n u e d ;

LIB R A R Y OF C O N G R E S S
IN TR O D U C TO R Y STATEM E N T

1955 actual

The L ibrary of Congress, established b y an act o f C on ­
gress approved A pril 24, 1800, is not on ly the library of the
Congress itself, but is also the principal general library of
the G overnm ent of the U nited States. Its collections are
com prehensive and varied, and include outstanding collec­
tions of books, periodicals, newspapers, docum ents o f the
national governm ents o f the world, literature in the
Oriental languages, etc., and m anuscripts, maps, music,
m otion picture films, sound recordings, prints, and p h o to ­
graphs. In addition to m aintenance of the collections and
the rendering o f general and basic services connected there­
with, certain specialized functions are p erform ed : the
Legislative Reference Service, registration o f copyrights,
catalog card distribution, and the service o f books in
raised characters and talking books to the blind. In
terms of these broad fields o f a ctivity com parative obliga­
tions (including on ly those chargeable to annual appropria­
tions) for 1955 and estim ated for 1956 and 1957 are:
1955 actual1956 estimate
General and basic services:
Acquisitions______________________________
Organization of the collections__________
Reader and reference services___________
Maintenance and protective services___
Executive direction and general admin­
istrative services_______________________
Specialized services:
Copyright________________________________
Legislative Reference Service___________
Catalog card distribution service_______
Books for the blind______________________

1,122,703
895,073
1,348,572
991,253

1,238,475
1,054,932
1,402,359
1,006,678

Total obligations____________________

9.515,834

10,364,027

$935,353
1, 449, 734
1,394,462
743,652
635,032

$1,120,258
1, 557,177
1,488,093
793, 585
702,470

1957 estimate
$1,054,391
1, 635, 711
1,546,111
807,403
709,792
1,287,547
1,067,387
1, 501,430
1,067,481
10,677,253

The Library’s first obligation is to the Congress; the
second, to other agencies of the Government; and the
third, to other libraries, scholars, investigators, and the
general public.
In addition to funds appropriated annualfy by Congress,
there are also available a number of gift and trust funds,
and working funds.

Certain responsibilities for the physical equipm ent,
m aintenance and operation o f the Library buildings rest
b y law with the A rch itect o f the C apitol, and estimates
for these purposes are carried under the request o f that
office.
T he L ib ra ry ’s m a jor ob jectives for 1957 are to m eet the
needs o f Congress, to satisfy the official inquiries from
other G overnm ent agencies, and to insure adequacy o f
public services.
Salaries and Expenses, Library o f Congress
Salaries and expenses: For necessary expenses of the Library of
Congress, not otherwise provided for, including [com pensation of
the Librarian Emeritus, as authorized by la w ;] development and
maintenance of the Union Catalogs; custody, care, and maintenance
of the Library Buildings; special c-othing; purchase of one passenger
motor vehicle for replacement only; and expenses of the Library of
Congress Trust Fund Board not properly chargeable to the income
of anv trust fund held b v the Board; [$4 ,8 60 ,0 00 ] $5,335,908.
(2 ZJ.'S. C. 1 3 1-16 6; 5 U. S. C. 150; 17 U. S. C. 1 -2 1 5 ; 20 U. S. C.
91; 28 U. S. C. 921; 31 U . S . C. 588, 589; Legislative Appropriation
Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $4,860,000
PROGRAM

Estimate 1957, $5,335,908
AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$627, 054
1, 557,177
1, 488,093

$636,891
1,635,711
1,546,111

Program by activities:
1. Acquisition of library m aterials..
2. Organization of the collections. _____
3. Reader and reference services. __ __




$587, 600
1, 449,734
1, 394, 462

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$743,652

$793, 585

$807, 403

635,032

702,470

709, 792

4,810,480

5,168, 379

5, 335,908

4, 860,000

5, 335, 908

Program by activities— Continued
4. Maintenance and protective services.
5. Executive direction and general ad­
ministrative services. _ ______ _ ..
Total obligations_________________

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available_

Appropriation
. _
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases _________
_____ __

PROGRAM

5,156
4, 815, 636

308, 379

AND PERFO RM AN CE

Personal services and incidental expenses required for
the basic operations o f the L ibrary are financed from this
appropriation.
1. Acquisition of library materials.— T h e developm ent o f
the L ib ra ry ’s collections is planned; materials are procured
b y purchase, gift, exchange, cop yrigh t deposit, transfer,
and official deposit; and materials are selected for addition
to the perm anent collections. T h e ob jectives for 1957
are im proved procedure for determ ining the m ore urgent
acquisition needs of the L ibrary, particularly for noncurrent strategic materials, and im provem en t in exchange
relations with institutions in the m ore im portan t areas o f
the world. T h e collections totaled 34,359,194 item s as o f
June 30, 1955, and consisted o f 10,513,048 b ook s and
pam phlets; 14,578,313 m anuscript pieces and 9,267,833
maps, pieces o f music, reels o f m icrofilm , photographs and
other m iscellaneous items. O f the item s received, abou t
l){ m illion are added to the perm anent collections an­
nually. T h ose received from various sources in 1955 and
estim ated for 1956 and 1957 are as follow s:
Description
Purchase___________________________________
Deposit by virtue of law:
Copyright________________________________
Other_____________________________________
Transfer from Federal agencies___________
Official donation from State and local
agencies__________________________________
Exchange___________________________________
Gift from individual and unofficial sources.
Total_________________________________

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

538,727

500,000

500,000

358,686
545,103
2,257,000

364,000
550,000
2,300,000

369,000
550,000
2,300,000

58,518
418,871
1,163,687

60,000
425,000
1,000,000

60,000
425,000
1,000,000

5,340,592

5,199,000

5,204,000

2. Organization of the collections.— L ibrary m aterials are
cataloged, classified, m arked, and arranged; L ibrary of
Congress catalogs and the N ational U nion Catalogs are
m aintained; and binding operations are controlled. T h e
objectives for this a ctivity in 1957 are increased p ro c­
essing control over m aterials and im proved cataloging
m ethods and procedures to assure the usefulness of the
collections.
Selected perform ance data for 1955 and estim ated for
1956 and 1957 (not including processing activities per­
form ed b y the reference departm ent and law library) are
as follows:
Description
Volumes fully cataloged and added to the
classified collection______________________
Items otherwise organized for use (with­
out full cataloging)______________________
Cards filed in catalogs_____________________
Volumes bound____________________________
Items repaired, cleaned, mounted, etc____
Cards filed in the National Union Cat­
alog and its supplements________________

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

132,599

133,000

145,000

10,068
1, 454,946
64,759
182,952

11,000
1,455,000
65,000
183,000

38,000
1,455,000
65,000
183,000

1,338,428

1,400,000

1,400,000

3. Reader and reference services.— B o o k s and other li­
brary m aterials are provid ed w ithin and w ith ou t the L i­
brary, reference and bibliographic assistance is rendered,

29

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

and cu stody of the collections is m aintained. The o b je c­
tives of this a ctivity for 1957 are adequate service to readers
during the 52 hours o f full service and the 26 hours of
lim ited service w eek ly; adequate cu stod y and m aintenance
o f the collections; and the interpretation of the collections
through the preparation of bibliographies and checklists.
T h e slight upw ard trend in w orkload in some o f the ac­
tivities is expected to continue in 1956 and 1957.
Description
(a) General reader and reference service:

(b)

1955 actual

Books and pamphlets served______
Other units of material s e r v e d ____
Units issued on loan_______________
Reference inquiries answered- . . .
Reference letters____________________
Law library reader and reference
service:
Books and pamphlets served______
Reference inquiries answered - Reference letters___________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1,077, 571
754, 603
183, 293
444, 699
51, 435

1,100,000
755,000
185,000
450,000
52, 000

1,100, 000
755, 000
185, 000
450, 000
52, 000

317, 537
77, 494
846

325, 000
82,000
900

340,000
82, 000
900

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X P E N D IT U R E S AND B ALAN CES---- C o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$4,546,940

$5,000, 945

296,564
335, 801

11,815
313,060

5,179,305

5,325, 820

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.- ________
$4,489, 420
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation.
. _
_
_
Out of prior authorizations
_______
___
220, 058
Total expenditures__________________
Unobligated balances no longer available
(expiring for obligation) _
__
Obligated balance carried forward_______

4, 709, 478
5,156
335, 801

324, 875

334, 963

Total expenditures and balances___

5, 050, 435

5, 504,180

5, 660, 783

COPYRIGHT OFFICE

Salaries and Expenses, Copyright Office, Library o f Congress
4.
Maintenance and 'protective services.— The two L i­ Salaries and expenses: For necessary expenses of the C opyright
Office, including publication of the decisions of the United States
brary buildings and the collections and other properties
courts involving copyrights, [$1,158,060] $1,287,54?. [2 U. S. C.

contained therein are m aintained, preserved, and p ro ­
tected. A staff of 191, including 82 part-tim e charwom en,
preserves, cleans, and maintains the Library buildings,
collections, and grounds; operates telephone switchboards,
elevators, check stands, and m otor vehicles; procures and
m aintains furniture, office supplies, housekeeping m ate­
rials, and m iscellaneous equipm ent; assigns space; and o p ­
erates the receiving and stock room s. The guard force
staff of 76 is necessary to prevent fire and theft, to m ain­
tain order, and to p rovide regular inspections of all areas
in b oth buildings in w hich is assembled one o f the greatest
accum ulations of national treasures in the world.
O BLIG ATIO N S

Object classification

BY O B JE C T S

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

929
40
952
1, 032

931
42
962
1, 022

960
42
991
1, 051

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
______ _ __
_
Average salary.
Average grade _
_ _
. _
______
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$4, 493
G S-5.9
$2, 912

$4, 869
GS-6.0
$3, 406

$4, 893
GS-5.9
$3,428

$4, 368, 383
123, 699
17, 010
60, 522

$4, 542, 588
122, 583

4, 569, 614
1, 300
850
31, 950
20, 000
32, 500
439, 831
39, 234
26,800

05
06
07
08
09
13

Personal services:
Permanent positions

Total personal services
______
Travel _ _
__
- ______
Transportation of things
Communication services__
Penalty mail___ _
__ __
Rents and utility services.
Printing and reproduction-.
Other contractual services. _
__
Supplies and materials.
___ ________
Equipm ent..
_.
______
...
_Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Total, Library of Congress

PROGRAM

Estimate 1957, $1,287,547
AND FIN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
1. Receiving and accounting for appli­
cations, fees, and correspondence-..
2. Examining copyright applications___
3. Indexing and cataloging materials re­
ceived .. ._ __________ ___ _______
4. Reference services______
._
.
5. Printing the catalog of copyright en­
tries and bulletins of decisions____
6. General supervision and legal services
Total obligations______ ______________

______

Appropriation_____
....
Proposed supplemental due to pay
____ ____
increases
..

PROGRAM

__
.
$4, 089, 845
____
106,909
Positions other than permanent
Regular pay above 52-week base___
15, 991
Payment above basic rates. _______
54, 801

02
03
04

Appropriated 1956, $1,158,060

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees _ _ __
Number of employees at end of y e a r ____

01

131, 136, 139, 140, 150; 17 T . S. C. 1 -2 1 5 ; 31 T . S. C. 588, 589;
J
J
Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

4, 267, 546
328
655
31,475

60, 522

967

1, 000

4, 725, 693
1, 300
850
31, 950
20, 000
32, 500
449, 931
39, 234
26, 800
1,350
1, 000

4, 805, 980

5,163, 079

5, 330, 608

4, 500

5, 300

5, 300

4,810, 480

5,168, 379

5, 335, 908

28, 838
411,943
35, 927
28, 301

ALLOCATION TO BUREAU OF STANDARDS,
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$229, 950
247,335

$232, 808
278, 083

$235, 268
282,077

393, 576
92,551

440,173
99, 535

445, 285
111,448

29, 942
129,349

32,000
155, 876

32,000
181, 469

1,122, 703

1, 238, 475

1, 287, 547

1,158,060

1, 287, 547

1,197
1,123, 900

80,415

AND PERFO RM AN CE

The Copyright Office is responsible for recording and
cataloging all copyright applications, assignments and
renewals, for supplying copyright information to the
public, and for collecting and accounting for copyright
fees. The Register of Copyrights prints complete and
indexed catalogs for each class of copyright entries. The
office is conducted as a business operation. The amount
requested for personal services is substantially counter­
balanced by fees received for services rendered as indicated
in the table which follows. In addition, the value of books
and other library materials deposited in accordance with
the Copyright A ct and transferred to the Library of
Congress is also to be credited to the copyright operation.
The income and costs for 1955 and estimates for 1956
and 1957 are as follows:

Other contractual services__________

1955 actual
_

Total obligations____________________

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Income:
Fees applied_____________ . . . . _______
Estimated value of materials deposited.

$881,017
374, 690

$894, 232
418,323

$907,447
424, 499

Total income_______________________

07

1, 255, 707

1 ,312, 555

1,331, 946

Costs:
Salaries__________________________________
Other costs____________ _________________

1.035, 724
86,979

1,164, 875
73, 600

1, 213, 947
73, 600

1,122, 703

1, 238, 475

1, 287, 547

Total costs _________________

_____

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation____________
___ __________
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
__________
creases
_ . ________
Obligated balance brought forward............
Increase in prior year obligations_________
Total budget authorizations avail­
able__________ ________ ________ ._




$4,815,636
232,842
1, 957
5,050, 435

$4,860, 000

$5,335,908

308,379
335, 801

324,875

5, 504,180

5, 660, 783

The program and performance under each of the
activities described are predicated on an estimated
231,474 copyright registrations during 1957, as compared
to 228,103 during 1956, and 224,732 during 1955.
1.
Receiving and accounting jo r applications, etc.—
M aterials received by the Copyright Office are assembled

30

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S — C o n tin u e d

L IB R A R Y O F C O N G R E S S — Continued
c o p y r ig h t

o f f ic e —

o b l ig a t io n s

Object classification

c o n tin u e d

Salaries and Expenses, Copyright Office, Library o f Congress— Con.

and rou ted ; accounts are m aintained for all m oneys
re ceiv ed ; records relating to the registration o f copyrights
are filed; and materials are deposited in accordance with
the C opyrigh t A ct. P erform ance data for 1955 and
estimates for 1956 and 1957 are as follow s:
Registrations________________________ ______
M ail received and dispatched........ ................

1955 actual
224,732
539,097

1956 estimate
228,103
547,133

1957 estimate
231,474
555,269

2. Examining copyright applications.— A ll applications
and deposits are exam ined before issuance o f registration
certificates or recording o f docum ents to determ ine
whether the provisions o f the C opyrigh t A ct have been
satisfied. Perform ance data for 1955 and estim ates for
1956 and 1957 are as follow s:
Items examined for registration___________
Registrations and recordation of docu­
m ents_____________________________________

1955 actual
290,527

1956 estimate
294,884

232,050

235,530

1957 estimate
299, 242
239,011

3. Indexing and cataloging materials received.— T h e
R egister o f C opyrigh ts is required to print com plete and
indexed catalogs o f all item s registered. T h e catalog
entries prepared b y the C op y righ t Office are m ade avail­
able in part to the L ibrary for its general operations.
There were 224,734 registrations cataloged in 1955 and
estim ates for 1956 and 1957 are 228,103 and 231,474,
respectively.
4. Reference services.— T h e C opyrigh t Office makes
available to the public, inform ation concerning the
provisions o f the C op y righ t A ct, including procedures,
policies and rulings; inform ation concerning registrations
is furnished on a fee basis. O btaining com pliance with
registration requirem ents is also part o f this activity.
P erform ance data for 1955 and estimates for 1956 and
1957 are as follow s:
Titles searched_____________________________
Letters and search reports written________

1955 actual
50,266
19,178

by

1956 estimate
51,019
19,465

1957 estimate
51,773
19, 753

5. Printing the catalog of copyright entries and bulletins
of decisions.— C atalogs for each class o f cop yrigh t entries
and bulletins o f cop yrigh t decisions are printed and m ade
available to the public.
6. General supervision and legal services.— T h e w ork o f
the C opyrigh t Office includes legal services relating to the
status and im provem ent o f cop yrig h t law in its foreign
as well as dom estic aspects, such im provem ent con stituting
the m a jor ob jectiv e under this a ctiv ity in 1957.
O BL IG AT IO N S BY O B JE C T S

07
08
09

1955 actual

Total obligations____________________

1955 actual

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_____ __________ ________
Average grade __________ _____ _____
Ungraded positions: Average salary______

$4,347
G S-5.9
$4,033

$4, 719
G S-6.0
$4,098

$4, 763
GS-6.0
$4,098

$1,154,897
500
4,478
5,000

$1, 208, 447
500

1,164,875
4,000

1, 213,947
4,000

2,000
52,500

2,000
52,500

01

03
04

Personal services:
$1,026,813
Permanent positions_____ _____ _____
Positions other than permanent
____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
3,977
Payment above basic rates_____ ____
4,934
Total personal services
_________
1,035, 724
____ _____ __________ _____________
02 Travel
2,086
9
Transportation of things
Communication services ____________
8,228
06 ____________and reproduction
Printing
54,223




5,666

1,238,475

$10,100
5,000
1,287,547

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,123,900

$1,158,060

$1,287,547

65,482

80,415
108,367

81,924

1,189,382

1,346,842

1,369,471

1,014,336

1,079,217

1, 202,533

62,170

77,334
108,367

3.081
78,843

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
O th e r ______
_ _______________ _______
Obligated balance carried forward________

1,076, 506

1, 264,918

1,284,457

1,197
3,312
108,367

81,924

85,014

Total expenditures and balances___

1,189,382

1,346,842

1, 369,471

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVARABLE

Appropriation_____________________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
__
increases___ . . . _____________ . . .
Obligated balance brought forward______
Total budget authorizations avail*
able________________________________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation________________________________
Out of prior authorizations______________

LE G IS L A T IV E R E F E R E N C E SE R V ICE

Salaries and Expenses, Legislative R eference Service, Library o f
Congress
Salaries and expenses: For expenses necessary to carry out the
provisions of section 203 of the Legislative Reorganization A ct of
1946, as amended (2 U. S. C. 166), [$ 9 8 4 ,8 7 7 ] $1,067,887: Provided,
That no part of this appropriation m ay be used to pay any salary
or expense in connection with any publication, or preparation of
material therefor (except the Digest of Public General Bills), to be
issued by the Library of Congress unless such publication has ob ­
tained prior approval of either the Com m ittee on House Adminis­
tration or the Senate Com mittee on Rules and Administration.
(2 U. S. C. 186, 189, 150, 164, 164a, 165, 166; Legislative Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $984,877

Estimate 1957, $1,067,387

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
1. Research and analysis___ . . .
______
2. Preparation of indexes and d ig e sts...
3. Reference files, bibliographic and
reader service_________ _ _ ________
4. Administration_______________________

Appropriation________________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases_____ __________ ________

256
254
256

$10,100
5, C O
O

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

247
245
247

1956 estimate

1,122, 703

1957 estimate

238
231
252

1955 actual
$7,655
7, 533
7,245

1956 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of y e a r _____

c o n tin u e d

Other contractual services_ _______
_
Supplies and materials_______ . . .
.
E q u ipm en t..____________ . . . ________

Total obligations............ ........................
Object classification

o b je c ts—

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$717,848
49,229

$859,770
44,307

$869,921
44,830

90,402
37,594

105,493
45,362

106,738
45,898

895,073

1,054,932

1,067,387

984,877

1,067,387

2,227
897,300

70,055

PROGRAM AND P E RFO RM AN CB

In perform ing the functions authorized b y the Legisla­
tive R eorganization A ct o f 1946, the Legislative R eference
Service prepares research reports, digests, etc., in answer
to inquiries from M em bers and com m ittees o f Congress.
1.
Research and analysis.— T h e Legislative R eorganiza­
tion A ct o f 1946 lists 19 specific fields o f congressional
concern in w hich top-level research is authorized, These

31

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

correspond in general to the spheres o f com m ittee ac­
tivity. T h e follow ing 13 fields are now covered: In ter­
national trade, international affairs, taxation and fiscal
p olicy, Am erican governm ent and public administration,
conservation, A m erican public law, labor engineering and
public works, agriculture, price econom ics, national de­
fense, social welfare, and transportation and com m unica­
tions. Three o f these (national defense, transportation
and com m unications, and social welfare) were m ade pos­
sible b y the appropriations for fiscal 1956. T h e service
also involves the con d u ct o f general research, the prepara­
tion o f research reports, graphs, charts, illustrations,
translations, and response to spot reference inquiries.
In fiscal 1955, 56,666 congressional inquiries were an­
swered. Since fiscal 1950, the annual increase in the
num ber of inquiries has run betw een 5 and 10 percent.
T h e total o f inquiries for 1956 is estim ated at 60,000; and
for 1957, 62,000.
2. Preparation of indexes and digests.— T h e D igest o f
P u blic General Bills covered 6,661 bills during the first
session o f the E igh ty-fou rth Congress com ing within the
fiscal year 1955. It is expected that there will be as
m an y bills to be covered during the com parable period in
the E ighty-fifth Congress, first session, and in addition,
close to 1,200 concurrent and join t resolutions n ot pre­
viou sly covered. T h e preparation o f nam e indexes to an
increasing num ber o f com m ittee hearings is to be con ­
tinued.
3. Reference fdes, bibliographic and reader service.—
R eference files, containing clippings, pam phlets and d ocu ­
m ents are m aintained; researchers are supplied with
bibliographic and reference tools; selective and com pre­
hensive bibliographies are prepared for M em bers and
com m ittees o f C ongress; and reader services are provided
b y the congressional reading room . D u rin g 1955, 73,456
reference file items were processed, 12,633 bibliographic
entries prepared, 55,440 published items acquired and
processed, and 3,611 readers served. W ith the grow th in
num ber and scope of inquiries, there has been a steady
increase in this activity which is expected to continue in
1956 and 1957.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS
Object classification

1955 actual

1957 estimate

144
137
163

158
152
177

158
152
177

$6, 079
G S-8.8

$6,623
G S-8.8

$6, 728
GS-8.8

Personal services:
Permanent positions
_ __ _
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$856,865
345
3, 296
4, 086

$1,013, 780
500
4,025
2,800

$1,030, 260
500

Total personal services_______
Travel. __
_
_
Communication services___ ______
_
Printing and reproduction.._ __
Other contractual services____
Supplies and materials___ _ __ _ _ .

864, 592
550
95
19,281
8, 591
1,964

1, 021,105
1,000
200
13,000
15,127
4, 500

1,033,560
1,000
200
13, 000
15,127
4,500

895, 073

1,054,932

1,067,387

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary____ __
Average grade
_____
01

02
04
06
07
08

Total obligations

B U D G ET

_ _ .

.

A U T H O R I Z A T I O N E X P E N D I T U R E ’S

1955 actual

AND

2,800

BALANCES

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$984,877

$1,067,387

70,055
68,820

59, 790

1,123, 752

1,127,177

BUDOET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation. _ . . .
_.
______
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases.
_ _ Obligated balance brought forward. _
Increase in prior year obligations_____
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ _________ ____________




$897,300
47, 533
670
945, 503

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$928, 571

$1,000,247

67,371
68,020

2,684
57,106

1,063,962

1,060,037

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.. . _____
$826, 254
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation_________________ __ _ ___ __
Out of prior authorizations
48, 202
_____ ____
Total expenditures______ __
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)
_
_ ____
_
Obligated balance carried forward_______

874,456
2, 227
68,820

59,790

67,140

Total expenditures and balances___

945, 503

1,123,752

1,127,177

D ISTR IBU TIO N

OF CATALOG CARDS

Salaries and Expenses, Distribution o f Catalog Cards, Library o f
Congress
Salaries and expenses: For expenses necessary for the prepara­
tion and distribution of catalog cards and other publications of the
Library, [$1,350,0001 $1,501,430. (2 U. S. C. 131, 136, 139, 140,
150; 31 U. S. C. 588, 589; Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $1,350,000

Estimate 1957, $1,501,430

PROGRAM AND FINANCING
1955 actual
Program by activities:
1. Supplying printed cards for the
Library of Congress.__ _______ . . .
2. Supplying printed cards for other
lib r a r ie s ..._________ _____ ______ . . .
3. Preparation, printing, and distribu­
tion of publications related to cat­
aloging----------------------------------------------4. Preparation, printing, and distribu­
tion of the Author Catalog_________
5. Preparation, printing, and distribu­
tion of the Subject Catalog_________
Total obligations____ _____________
Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.
Appropriation______ _ ______ _______
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases........... ........... ....
...........

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$143,941

$160,437

$160,852

963,526

1,019,383

1,029,804

101,572

88,539

88,539

73,960

81,000

169,235

65, 573

53,000

53,000

1,348, 572

1,402,359

1,501,430

1,350,000

1, 501,430

528
1,349,100

52,359

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE
1956 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees ______
Number of employees at end of year.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- Continued

The card division sells copies of the Library’s printed
catalog cards and publications in an amount approximat­
ing $1,200,000 a year. It maintains a stock of over
140,000,000 catalog cards representing some 3,100,000
titles, and fills orders from more than 10,000 regular sub­
scribers— m ostly libraries— in the United States and
abroad. M ore than 86 percent of this appropriation is
recovered in the form of receipts from card and publica­
tion sales. Receipts of $1,168,361 were deposited in
miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury in 1955. The
objectives for 1957 are continued improvements and
economies in all operations, increasing the scope and
utility of the Library of Congress catalogs in book form,
and expanding the Author Catalog to include 1956 and
later imprints held by other American libraries.
1. Supplying printed cards fo r the Library of Congress.—
The number of cards supplied to the Library of Congress
in fiscal 1955 was 3,658,206; estimated for 1956, 3,700,000;
and for 1957, 4,000,000.
2. Supplying printed cards fo r other libraries.— The
number of cards sold in fiscal 1955 was 23,450,243;
estimated for 1956, 23,500,000; and for 1957, 24,000,000.
3. Preparation , printing , and distribution of publications
related to cataloging.— These publications are an integral
part of the cataloging activities of the Library of Congress
and include the Classification Schedules, lists of Subject
Headings, Rules for Descriptive Cataloging, Cataloging

32

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

LIB R A R Y OF C O N G R E S S — Continued
d is t r ib u t io n

of

catalog

cards—

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BAL A N C E S---- C o n t i n u e d

c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

Salaries and Expenses, D istribution o f Catalog Cards, Library o f
Congress— Continued

Service Bulletins, and similar publications. It is antici­
pated that 1957 expenditures will be approxim ately the
same as for 1956, w hich are low er than 1955.
4. Preparation, printing , and distribution oj the Author
Catalog.-—T h e A u th or C atalog is issued m on th ly and
cum ulated quarterly and annually. Subscribers to the
A u th or C atalog also receive issues of M otion Pictures and
Film strips (quarterlies w ith annual cum ulation), M aps and
Atlases and M u sic and P honorecords (both issued on a
6-m onth basis and annual cum ulation). T here were 874
paid subscriptions for all issues in calendar year 1955, and
it is estim ated that there will be 890 subscriptions for
1956 and 900 for 1957. In clu d ed under this a ctivity is the
A rm ed Forces M ed ica l L ibrary C atalog, which, because
of a quinquennial cum ulation, was n ot published b y the
L ibrary in calendar year 1954. T h e annual issue will be
resumed for calendar year 1955 and published in fiscal
1956. It is anticipated that 400 copies will be sold in
1956 and the same num ber in 1957.
5. Preparation , printing , and distribution oj the Subject
Catalog.— T h e Subject C atalog is issued in three quarterly
volum es w ith an annual cum ulation. There were 354 paid
subscriptions for calendar year 1955. It is estim ated that
there will be 360 paid subscriptions in 1956 and about
375 in 1957.
O B L IG A T IO N S

BY

C o n tin u e d

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES— COn.

Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
O th er.. _____ ______________
________
Obligated balance carried forward____. . .

$528
11, 708
228, 075

$192, 245

$202, 386

Total expenditures and balances___

1, 510, 778

1, 630,434

1, 693,675

IN C R EA SE

OF TH E

L IB R A R Y

OF CONGRESS

General Increase o f the Library o f Congress
General increase of the Library: For expenses (except personal
services) necessary for acquisition of books, periodicals and news­
papers, and all other material for the increase of the Library,
$300,000, to continue available during the next succeeding fiscal
year. (2 U. S. C. 131, 132, 132a; Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $300,000

Estimate 1957, $300,000

PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$300,000

Program by activities:
Purchase of books and other library
materials (total obligations)
_____

$240, 615

$346, 238

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward.._
Recovery of prior year obligations . . .
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobligated balance no longer available.

-2 7 ,1 2 6
-7
46, 238
280

- 4 6 , 238

Appropriation________________________

260, 000

300,000

300,000

O BJE CTS

PROGRAM

Object classification

1956 estimate

1955 actual

1956 estimate

AND PERFO RM AN CE

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all emplovees_
Number of employees at end of year __

188
2
187
198

192

207

185
195

200
210

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade.
.
. . .
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$3,651
G S-3.9
$3,504

$4,042
GS-4.4
$4,305

$4,099
G S-4.5
$4, 305

$700,893
2, 701
17, 704

$749, 834
2, 986

$822,141

721,298
1,889
348
9, 753
33,490
65
572, 541
2, 594
6, 594

752,820
3, 400
800
6,100
38,050
300
592, 800
2, 589
5,500

822,141
3,400
800
6,100
38, 050
300
622, 550
2, 589
5, 500

1, 348, 572

1,402,359

This appropriation constitutes the on ly means o f
acquiring regular dom estic trade publications (except
for copyrigh t deposits) and m an y foreign trade publica­
tions, b oth current and noncurrent, from approxim ately
100 countries or areas. Th e publications acquired b y
purchase constitute a m ost im portan t part o f the L ib ra ry ’s
acquisitions although th ey represent on ly a small portion
of the material received annually.

1, 501, 430

01

02
03
04
05
06
07
08

Personal services:
Permanent positions . . . . .
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates.
Total personal services __ _ __
_
Travel__
Transportation of things__ . __
Communication services..
Penalty m ail.
. _
_ __ _
Rents and utility services _
Printing and reproduction.
Other contractual services. _ _
Supplies and materials
...
_ _
Total obligations______ _____ ________

O B L IG A T IO N S

Object classification
02
03
04
07
08
09

O BJECTS

1955 actual

Travel_________________________ _______
Transportation of thinss. . . .
Communication services
Other contractual services._ _ _ __
Supplies and materials_____
Equipment (books and other library
materials)__ _ . _______

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$20,000
4.400
9.400
50
50

$20,000
4, 400
9, 400
50
50

$12,315
4, 025
8, 761
27
215, 487

312, 338

266,100

240, 615

Total obligations____
BUDGET AU TH O R IZATIO N S^ E X P E N D IT U R E S

BY

346, 238

300,000

AND BALAN CES
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$260,000

$300,000

$300,000

27,133
93,040
78

46, 238
76, 299

103,871

380,251

422, 537

403,871

196,129
122,537

190,000
103,871

318, 666

293,871

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation___________
________ _______
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
_
___
______
creases _________ . . . . _
Obligated balance brought forward______
Total budget authorizations avail­
able___. . . _______
______________

$1,349,100

$1,350,000

$1, 501, 430

161, 678

52,359
228,075

192, 245

1, 510, 778

1, 630, 434

1, 693, 675
Total budget authorizations avail­
able. . . __________________
_ _ __

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations_ __ _ _
_
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation
... _ _
_______ _____
Out of prior authorizations ___________
Total expenditures __________ ______




______
Appropriation.
_ _
Balance brought forward:
'*
Unobligated ._ . ________________
___
Obligated
. . .
___
_____
Increase in prior year obligations______ .

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1,129,196

1,159, 761

1, 299, 044

141, 271

50, 353
228,075

2,006
190, 239

1, 270,467

1,438,189

1,491,289

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations_________
Out of prior authorizations _ _ _ _ _ _
Total expenditures................ ................

}

257,434
257,434

/
I

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES---- C o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES— COn.

33

Books for the Supreme Court, Library o f Congress
Books for the Supreme Court: For the purchase of books and
periodicals for the Supreme Court, to be a part of the Library of
Congress, and purchased by the Librarian of the Supreme Court,
under the direction of the Chief Justice, [$ 2 5 ,0 0 0 ] $27,500. (2
U. S. C. 131, 132, 135, 137, 139; Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
_
O bligated.._ .
. .
. .

46, 238
76, 299

$103,871

$110,000

Total expenditures and balances___

380, 251

422, 537

403,871

$280

Appropriated 1956, $25,000

Estimate 1957, $27,500

PROGRAM

AND FIN A N C IN G

1955 actual

Increase o f the Law Library, Library o f Congress
Increase of the law library: For expenses (except personal serv­
ices) necessary for acquisition of books, legal periodicals, and all
other material for the increase of the law librarj^ $90,000, to con­
tinue available during the next succeeding fiscal year. (2 U. S. C.
131, 132, 134, 135, 137 , 138, 139 , 144: Legislative Appropriation Act ,

Financing:
Appropriation_______ __

Estimate 1957, $90,000

PROGRAM

AND F IN A N C IN G

1955 actusl

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$82,138

$121, 966

-2 4 , 671
31, 966
567
90, 000

90,000

27, 500

BY O BJECTS

Equipment (books and other library materials)— 1955, $25,000; 1956, $25,000; 1957,
$27,500.

- 3 1 , 966

$90, 000

25, 000

AND PERFORM AN CE

OBLIGATIONS

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward-__
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobligated balance no longer available.

$27, 500

Books and periodicals are purchased for the library of
the Supreme Court, which, though a part of the Library
of Congress, is administered under the direction of the
Chief Justice.
09

Program by activities:
Purchase of books and other library ma­
terials (total obligations)___
.- - -.

$25,000

25, 000

_ ._

PROGRAM

1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $90,000

___

1957 estimate

$25, 000

Program by activities:
Purchase of books and periodicals (total
obligations)___ __ ______ ______

1956 estimate

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S

1955 actual

AND BALAN CES

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Appropriatian.__

_________ _______

90,000
Appropriation.- ___ _
_
_ __________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations_________

PROGRAM

O BLIG ATIO NS

Object classification

_

$27, 500
5,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able. _______ ______________
___

28, 765

29, 579

32, 500

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___
___
Out of prior authorizations_____________

20,479
3, 707

20, 000
4, 579

22,000
5,000

Total expenditures__________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

24,186
4, 579

24, 579
5, 000

27, 000
5, 500

Total expenditures and balances___

28,765

29,579

32, 500

_

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

BY O BJECT S

1955 actual

Travel .
Transportation of things--- __________
Communication services.- . - ___ _ _
Equipment (books and other library
materials)______ __
__ _ __
Total obligations.

$25,000
4, 579

AND PERFO RM AN CE

This appropriation constitutes the only means of acquir­
ing lawbooks published in the regular domestic trade
(except for copyright deposits) and many foreign lawbooks
published in countries all over the world. The legal pub­
lications acquired by purchase constitute a most impor­
tant part of the Law Library’s acquisitions, although a sub­
stantial part of the annual receipts is received by means
other than purchase.

02
03
04
09

$25, 000
3, 762
3

1956 estimate
$2, 500
350
3,150

$781
508
2, 900

1957 estimate
$2, 500
350
3,150

77, 949

115, 966

84, 000

82, 138

121, 966

90, 000

BOO KS FOR TH E BLIND

Books for the Blind, Library o f Congress
For salaries and other expenses necessary to carry out the provi­
sions of the A ct entitled “ An A ct to provide books for the blind” ,
approved March 3, 1931 (2 U. S. C. 135a), as amended, [$ 1 ,0 00 ,0 00 ]
$1,067,481.
(2 U. S. C. 131 , 135a, 135a note, 135b, 136, 139, 140;
Legislative Appropriation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $1,000,000
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$90,000

$90,000

$90,000

24, 671
37,897
161

31, 966
21,919

46, 312

152, 729

143,885

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Appropriation_ ________ __ _
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated
_ _
Obligated..
_
Increase in prior year ob ligations_____ _
Total budget authorizations avail­
able_
_
__
_ . _.

98,277

136, 312

f
I

75,654
21,919

72,000
46,312

97, 573

Program by activities:
1. Procurement and distribution_______
2. Cataloging and reference service____
Total obligations___________________

Appropriation____
_______ ___
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases_______ ___________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$921, 317
69, 936

$924, 698
81, 980

$981, 250
86, 231

991, 253

1,006, 678

1, 067, 481

1,000,000

1,067,481

8, 747
1, 000, 000

6,678

118,312

Total expenditures_______ __
. _
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation) _
_ . _ _
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
. _
.
Obligated_________ _____ __ _ _ _ _ _

98,277

31, 966
21, 919

46,312

18, 000

Total expenditures and balances___

152, 729

143,885

136,312




1955 actual

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations. _ . . . __
}
Out of prior authorizations______________

Estimate 1957, $1,067,481

PROGRAM AND F IN A N C IN G

567

PROGRAM

AND PERFO RM AN CE

The division for the blind is responsible for adminis­
tering a national program to provide reading material for
the blind of the United States, United States Territories
and possessions. In discharge of this responsibility it has
two closely related operations.

34

TH E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
C U R R E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S — C o n tin u e d
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X PE N D ITU R E S AND BALAN CES

L IB R A R Y OF C O N G R E S S — Continued
books

for

the

b l in d

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,000,000

$1,067,481

6,678
440,100

413,200

1,446, 778

1, 480, 681

587, 056

630, 881

6, 422
440,100

256
412, 944

1,033, 578

1,044,081

B ooks for the Blind, Library o f C ongress— Continued

First: I t provides b ook s in em bossed characters, and
T alkin g B ook s with their associated reproducers. The
b ook s are distributed through 28 regional libraries which
assume responsibility for their cu stod y and circulation.
T h e reproducers are distributed through 55 State agencies.
Second: Th e division m aintains one o f the 28 regional
libraries p rovid in g service to approxim ately 5,000 readers
in the D istrict of C olum bia and the States o f M arylan d,
V irginia, N orth C arolina, and South C arolina. In addi­
tion, this regional library offers a national service o f a
unique collection o f Braille b ook s n ot generally available
in the other regional libraries.
T h e ob jectives for 1957 are to provide a m axim um of
satisfaction to the increased reader dem and for T alking
B ook s, and to supply reproductions of b ook s in Braille
and M o o n com m ensurate w ith declining reader dem and;
to continue research in sound reprodu ction for the blind;
to explore im proved and m ore econom ical techniques of
p rinting in Braille ; to seek solutions to some o f the m ore
pressing problem s confron tin g regional libraries in the
rendering o f service, especially the difficulties resulting
from accum ulations of surplus and little used reading
m aterials; and to provid e greater variety and im prove
the usefulness o f reading m atter available for the blind.
1. Procurement and distribution .— B ook s are selected,
purchased, and distributed, and T alking B o o k machines
are purchased, repaired, and replaced.
Description

1955 actual

Talking Books purchased (titles)___________
Embossed books purchased (titles)_________
Talking Book machines:
Purchased__________________________________
Repaired___________________________________
Salvaged-scrapped_________________________
Records replaced_____________________________

200
146

1956 estimate 1957 estimate
168
133
10,000
6,660
2,500
3,000

4,300
9,213
2,153
2,827

200
139
7,850
6,660
2,500
3,000

2. Cataloging and reference services.— Catalogs of T a lk ­
ing and Braille books are prepared and maintained.
Supplem ents to b oth catalogs will be prepared in each of
the years 1956 and 1957. D urin g the period 1945-55,
readers served b y the L ibrary of Congress regional library
for the blind increased from 1,338 to 4,667, and the
num ber o f volum es circulated from 52,000 to 66,151;
the num ber o f readers and circulation are expected to
continue to increase in 1956 and 1957.
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions— .
Average number of all employees. ________
Number of employees at end of year______

21
21
21

21
21
21

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary _____________________
Average grade_______________ ________ -

$4, 206
G S-5.0

$4, 546
GS-5.0

$4, 441
GS-4.8

$90,194

$94, 994
500
367

$106,106
500

02
03
04
06
07
08
09

Personal services:
Permanent positions. _____
______
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___

1,437,297

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations. _________
569, 223
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation________ ______
_ ____________
Out of prior authorizations.
............. ..........
393, 979
Total expenditures___ _____ ________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). _ _
Other __ ________
_- ____
_______
Obligated balance carried forward________

963, 202
8, 747
25, 248
440,100

A D M IN IS TR A T IV E

413, 200

436, 600

1,437, 297

Total expenditures and balances___

1, 446, 778

1,480,681

PR O VISIO NS

Appropriations in this A ct available to the Library of Congress
for salaries shall be available for expenses of investigating the
loyalty of Library employees; special and tem porary services (in­
cluding employees engaged by the day or hour or in piecew ork);
and services as authorized by section 15 of the A ct of August 2, 1946
(5 U. S. C. 55a).
N ot to exceed ten positions in the Library of Congress m ay be
exempt from the provisions of appropriation Acts concerning the
em ploym ent of aliens during the current fiscal year, but the Li­
brarian shall not make any appointm ent to any such position until
he has ascertained that he cannot secure for such appointm ents a
person in any of the categories specified in such provisions who
possesses the special qualifications for the particular position and
also otherwise meets the general requirements for em ploym ent in
the Library of Congress.
Appropriations in this A ct available to the Library of Congress
shall be available, in an am ount not to exceed E$10,000J $12,500,
when specifically authorized by the Librarian, for expenses of
attendance at meetings concerned with the function or activity for
which the appropriation is made. (Legislative Appropriation Act,
1956.)

M ISC E L L A N E O U S

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

330

Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations______ __

$10,691
5, 480

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____________
_____________

16,171

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total personal services____________
T r a v e l.-. ____
_ __ _________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Penalty mail________ ______ _________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services______ _ __
Supplies and materials- _______ ______
Equipm ent___________ __________ _____

90, 524
2, 615
133
590
12,000
5,072
114, 912
10, 892
754, 515

95, 861
2,000
500
1,225

106, 606
2, 350
500
1,425

13.100
77,800
11.100
805,092

13, 700
87, 800
11, 500
843, 600

Total obligations-...................................

991, 253

1,006, 678

1,067,481




416, 590
20,707

Total budget authorizations avail­
able. __ ________________ __________

24
24
24

01

$1,000,000

Miscellaneous Accounts, Library of Congress

O BLIG ATIO NS BY O B JE C T S

Object classification

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation_________ ____________ _______
Proposed supplemental due to pay in ­
creases _______________ __
___________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations_________

Expenditures (out of prior authoriza­
tions) :
“ General printing and binding, Li­
brary of Congress” _________ _____ __ _
“ Printing catalog cards, Library of
Congress” ______________ ________ ___
“ Salaries and expenses, Library build­
ings, Library of Congress” ____ _______
Total expenditures__________________

12,851
2,951
369
16,171

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

35

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Allocations Received From Other Appropriation Accounts
' N o t e . — O b lig a t io n s in c u r r e d u n d e r a llo c a t io n s r e c e iv e d fr o m o t h e r a p p r o p r ia t io n s
a r e s h o w n in t h e s c h e d u le s o f t h e p a r e n t a p p r o p r ia t io n s , as fo llo w s :

“ Air Force management fund.”
“ Contingencies, Air Force.”
“ Maintenance and operations, Air Force.”
“ Research and development, Air Force.”
“ A rm y industrial fund.”
“ Research and development, A rm y .”
“ Research and development, N a v y .”
“ Salaries and expenses, National Science Foundation.”
“ Operating expenses, Atomic E n ergy Commission.”
“ International educational exch ange activities, State.”
“ Salaries and expenses, United States Information Agency.”

of the A ct entitled “ An A ct to regulate and fix rates of pay for em ­
ployees and officers of the Governm ent Printing Office” , approved
June 7, 1924 (44 U. S. C. 40); traveling expenses (not to exceed
$1,500); price lists and bibliographies; repairs to buildings, eleva­
tors, and machinery; and supplying books to depository libraries;
[$2 ,8 50 ,0 00 ] $2,990,400: Provided, That no part of this sum shall
be used to supply to depository libraries any documents, books, or
other printed matter not requested b y such libraries, and the
requests therefor shall be subject to approval by the Superintend­
ent of Documents. (Legislative Appropriation Act , 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $2,850,000

Estimate, 1957, $2,990,400

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE
P R IN T IN G

AND

1955 actuel

B IN D IN G

Printing and Binding, Governm ent Printing Office
For authorized printing and binding for the Congress; not to
exceed $7,500 for printing and binding for the Architect of the
Capitol; expenses necessary for preparing the semimonthly and ses­
sion index to the Congressional Record, as authorized by law (44
U. S. C. 182); printing, binding, and distribution of the Federal
Register (including the Code of Federal R egulations), as authorized
by law (44 U. S. C. 309, 311, 311a); and printing and binding of
Government publications authorized by law to be distributed
without charge to the recipients; [$ 8 ,8 00 ,0 00 ] $9,300,000: Pro­
vided, That this appropriation shall not be available for printing
and binding part 2 of the annual report of the Secretary of Agricul­
ture (known as the Y earbook of Agriculture). (Legislative Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)

Appropriated 1956, $8,800,000

Estimate 1957, $9,300,000

PROGRAM AND FINANCING
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Printing, binding, and distribution
(total obligations)____ ________ - _____

$9,200,000

$8,800,000

$9,300,000

Financing:
Appropriation____ ___________ _______

9,200,000

8,800,000

9,300,000

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

This appropriation covers authorized printing, binding,
and distribution of publications for the Congress, the
Federal Register, and of G overnm ent publications author­
ized b y law to be distributed w ith out charge to the
recipients (67 Stat. 330).
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS
06

Printing and reproduction— 1955, $9,200,000; 1956, $8,800,000; 1957, $9,300,000.
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Appropriation___________________ ________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

$9,200,000
5,741,002

$8,800,000
5,182,049

$9,300,000
4,000,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ _____ ________________ _

14, 941,002

13,982,049

13,300,000

5,072.386
4,313,151

5,882,049
4,100,000

5.950.000
3.950.000

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available (other than
unobligated, expiring for obligation)___
Obligated balance carried forward________

9,385,537

9,982,049

9.900.000

373,416
5,182,049

4,000,000

3.400.000

Total expenditures and balances___

14,941,002

13,982,049

13,300,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Expenditures—
Out of current appropriations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

OFFICE

OF S U P E R IN T E N D E N T OF DOCUM ENTS

Salaries and Expenses, Office o f Superintendent o f D ocum ents
Salaries and expenses: For necessary expenses of the Office of
Superintendent of Documents, including personal services in
accordance with the Classification A ct of 1949, as amended, and
compensation of employees who shall be subject to the provisions
3 6 0 0 0 0 — 56--------3




1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1, 629, 287

$1, 710,631

$1, 741, 261

541,526
427, 979
227, 516

568,826
449, 245
238, 568

579, 011
457, 288
242, 840

Total costs___________ __
_________
Relation of costs to obligations:
Increase in selected resources avail­
able for future application to ac­
tivity costs.. _______________________

2, 826,308

2, 967, 270

3,020, 400

Total obligations__________ _______
Less reimbursable obligations ______

2,834, 725
31, 838

2, 967, 270
30,000

3,020,400
30,000

Total direct obligations___________

2, 802, 887

2, 937, 270

2, 990, 400

2,850,000

2,990, 400

Program by activities:
1. Sales distribution_____________________
2. Distribution for other agencies and
Members of Congress______________
3. Depository library distribution______
4. Cataloging and indexing_____________

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.
Appropriation____ ___________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases. _ ________________ _____

8,417

22,113
2,825,000

87,270

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

T h e w ork program s o f the Office o f Superintendent o f
D ocu m en ts are o f a service nature and there is no control
over the volum e o f w ork which the Superintendent o f
D ocu m en ts is required b y law to perform .
1. Sales distribution.— G overn m en t publications are
purchased from the P ublic Printer to be placed on sale.
A cquisition costs are paid from sales receipts; hence no
appropriation is required for printing sales copies. B y
provision o f law, the sale price is set at the cost o f m anu­
facture plus 50 percent. A t the end of each fiscal year,
excess receipts n ot required for purchasing additional
publications are turned in to the Treasury D epartm ent
as miscellaneous receipts. F or the fiscal year 1955
earned revenue from this source was $2,374,535. It is
estim ated that miscellaneous receipts earned will be
$2,425,000 for 1956 and $2.5 m illion for 1957. T h e num ­
ber o f sales orders has been steadily increasing, and in the
last 10 years the volum e o f orders and the dollar value of
publications sold has m ore than doubled. The current
public interest in the G overn m en t’s publishing program
points to a continuing increase in the volum e o f orders.
2. Distribution fo r other agencies and Members of
Congress.— T h e Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts maintains
m ailing lists, including the list for the Congressional
R ecord, and perform s mailing operations u pon the request
of any G overnm ent agency w ithout reim bursem ent.
A nother service is the mailing o f Farm ers’ Bulletins,
Soil Surveys, and other publications w hich are allocated
to M em bers o f Congress on a quota basis.
3. Depository library distribution.— One co p y o f every
G overnm ent publication, upon request, is supplied to
m ore than 568 libraries which are designated depositories
for G overnm ent publications.
4. Cataloging and indexing .— This a ctivity covers the
preparation and distribution o f catalogs and indexes of
all publications issued b y the Federal G overnm ent, the
principal series being the M o n th ly C atalog o f United
States G overnm ent Publications andj the N um erical List
and Schedule o f Volum es.

36

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1957
C U R R E N T

G O V E R N M E N T
OFFICE

P R IN T IN G

OF S U P E R IN T E N D E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

o b l ig a t io n s

O F F I C E — C o n tin u e d

OF D O C U M E N TS-----C o n t i n u e d

S U M M A R Y OF W O RK LOAD

O BLIG ATIO N S

Object classification

1955 actual
2, 433, 617
1, 614, 932
$5, 508, 904
47, 428,137

1956 estimate
2, 700,000
1,800,000
$5, 800,000
51.000.000

74, 609, 562

77.000.000
4,000,000

30, 732

32,000

$173,400
40,000

Total direct obligations___ _______

2,802,887

2,937,270

2,990,400

20, 270
10,083
1,485

19, 200
10,000
800

19, 200
10,000
800

Reimbursable obligations:
01 Personal services . ________ . . .
04 Communication services__________
08 Supplies and materials.
_________

BY O B JE C T S

1956 estimate

Personal service obligations:
Permanent positions____________________
Positions other than permanent________
Payment above basic rates ________

$1, 789, 619
60, 850
18, 705

$1, 941, 370
70,000
4,000

$1, 994, 500
70.000
4,000

Total personal service obligations. _.

1,869,174

2,015, 370

2,068, 500

Direct obligations:
01 Personal services ___ ________ _____
02 Travel___ _ ______ _________ ______
03 Transportation of th in gs... ._ _
04 Communication services.._ ________
05 Rents and utility services.
_______ '
06 Printing and reproduction. . _____
07 Other contractual services__________

1,848,904
415
1,421
45, 591
10,190
587,386
95,540

1,996,170
1,500
1,200
56.000
10.000
566,000
93,000

2,049,300
1,500
1,200
56.000
10.000
566,000
93,000

n

t a l

f u

n

d

1957 estimate

$2,850,000

$2,990,400

87,270
492, 708

479,"978

___ __
Appropriation____ . . . ________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases. . . .
.
. . . .
_
_
Obligated balance brought forward..
_
Increase in prior year obligations

$2,825, 000

Total budget authorizations available.

3,335, 274

3,429,978

3,470,378

2,317,970

2,392,430

2,544,700

502,483

85, 270
472, 300

2,000
460,000

Total expenditures __________ _____
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)___ _________ __
Obligated balance carried forward___ _
_

2,820,453

2,950,000

3,006, 700

22,113
492,708

479,978

463,678

Total expenditures and balances___

3,335, 274

3,429,978

3,470,378

508,336
1,938

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___ ______
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation _ __ _ . . _________ _
_
Out of prior authorizations. . ________

lN

e

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

$4,162
GS-4.4
$3,118

m

30,000
3,020,400

1955 actual

1957 estimate

$4,141
G S-4.4
$3,118

n

30,000
2,967, 270

BUDGET A U TH O R IZA TIO N S* E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

$3, 767
GS-4.4
$3,052

r

31, 838
2,834, 725

_ ___________

33,000

Average salary and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___ _____________ _____
Average grade.. ___________
______
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

e

1957 estimate

$173,400
40,000

Total reimbursable obligations.. . .

1955 actual

v

1956 estimate

$169,863
43, 577

Total obligations.

533
19
539
513

o

1955 actual

4.100.000

522
19
528
508

a g

— c o n tin u e d

80.000.000

3, 756, 812

2.900.000
2,000,000
$6,100,000
55.000.000

507
17
511
504

t r

o b je c ts

Direct obligations— Continued
08 Supplies and materials . _________
09 Equipment__________ . . __________

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Full time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all em ployees.__ ____
Number of employees at end of year______

i n

by

Object classification

Salaries and Expenses, Office o f Superintendent o f D ocum ents—
Continued

Number of sales orders______ ________ _____
Letters of inquiry________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Am ount of sales_______ _
__ __________
Number of publications sold____________ _
Publications distributed for other G ov­
ernment agencies.. .
___ _ __ ________
Number of publications distributed to
depository libraries __
_ _
_ ___ __
Number of publications cataloged and
indexed.__ _________
__________ __ __

C o n tin u e d

A G E M E N T

f u n d s

o b lig a t io n s

s

LIBR ARY O F CO N G R E SS

o b j e c t s — con tin u ed

by

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Advances and Reimbursements, Library of Congress

1955 actual
Operations by activities:
1. Organization of collections. . ______
2. Legislative Reference Service________
3. Acquisition of library m aterials_____
Total obligations______ _________ __
Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forw ard...
Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts. _ . . . _ _ __________ _
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Total financing________ ________ _____

O BLIG ATIO N S

Object classification

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$234, 673
66, 781
221

$252,866
45, 000
297, 866

297, 288

301, 675

297,866

$200
500
2,160
4,635

301,675

297, 866

291, 563

578

276, 825
-5 7 8

$200
500
2,160
4, 635

291, 563

25, 428

$322
1,110
1,097
2,687
1,470

$246, 563
45, 000

301, 675

04
06
07
08
09

Communication services—.......................
___
Printing and reproduction_____
Other contractual services__________ __
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent______________ __________ _
Total obligations______ _____________

OPERATIONS AND FINANCING

budget

a u t h o r iz a t io n s ,

e x p e n d it u r e s

1955 actual

and

balances

291, 563

BY O B JE C T S

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1957 estimate

$276,825

$297,288

$291,563

25,428
11,797

578
9,233

12,937

314,050

307,099

304,500

Funds applied to operations.
...............
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated_________ ______ ________ _____
Obligated___ ____ ___________________

304,239

294,162

294,162

578
9,233

12,937

10,338

Total expenditures and balances___

291, 563

1956 estimate

314,050

307,099

304,500

304, 239
276, 825

294,162
297, 288

294,162
291, 563

27,414

-3 ,1 2 6

2, 599

b u d g e t a u t h o r iz a t io n s a v a i l a b l e

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)_________________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated_____________________________
Obligated_________________ __________ ____
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ ____________ __________
e x p e n d it u r e s a n d b a la n c e s

Total number of permanent positions
Full time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees. . _ _
Number of employees at end of vear______
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
______
Average salary____ _
Average grade.. .
______ ______ _
01

41
21
62
65

$4,608
GS-6.9

45
13
58
57

$4, 844
GS-6.5

45
12
56
55

$4,844
GS-6.5

Personal services:
Permanent positions____ __ . . . . . .
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$175, 522
113, 251
750
5, 466

$217, 440
69, 094
837
3, 000

$212, 816
68, 252

Total personal services_______

294, 989

290,371

284,068




...

3, 000

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Funds applied to operations______________
Funds provided by operations......................
N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of
the fund____ ___________________

L E G IS L A T IV E

G O VER N M EN T

P R IN T IN G

R E V O L V IN G

B.

O F F IC E

37

B R A N C H

S t a te m e n t o f i n c o m e a n d e x p e n s e — C o n t i n u e d

FU ND

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$20, 500,000
19,500,000

$20,000,000
19,000,000

81,400, 741

78,425,000

76,000,000

11,737, 590
1, 647, 817
6,644,294
2,440,330
7,131, 840
2,125, 722
4,202, 534
21,061,000
19,197,067

11,585,000
1.320.000
5.340.000
3.990.000
6.915.000
2.350.000
4, 500, 000
20, 500,000
19, 500,000

11,150,000
1,000,000
4,000,000
5, 400,000
6,600, 000
2,350,000
4, 000,000
20,000, 000
19,000,000

76,188,194

76,000,000

73, 500,000

5, 212, 547

2, 425, 000

2, 500,000

Retained earnings, beginning of y e a r ____
Less payment of earnings to Treasury____

5, 401, 429
7, 434, 694

3,179,282
2,496, 201

3,111,081
2, 500,000

Retained earnings, end of year_____

3,179,282

3,111,081

3,111,081

G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffice R e v o lv in g F u n d
T h e p a r a g r a p h in t h e L e g i s l a t i v e A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 4 ( 6 7
S t a t . 3 3 0 ) , e s t a b l i s h i n g t h e G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e R e v o l v i n g
F u n d is h e r e b y a m e n d e d b y s t r i k i n g o u t t h e w o r d s [ “ e x p e n s e s o f
a t t e n d a n c e a t m e e tin g s , w h e n a u th o r iz e d b y t h e J o in t C o m m it t e e
o n P r i n t i n g ’ ' a n d i n s e r t i n g in lie u t h e r e o f t h e w o r d s “ e x p e n s e s o f
a t t e n d a n c e a t m e e t i n g s n o t t o e x c e e d $ 3 , 0 0 0 in a n y f is c a l y e a r ” ]
“ p u r c h a s e o f u n i f o r m s f o r g u a r d s ;” a n d i n s e r t i n g i n l i e u t h e r e o f the
w o rd s “ a llo w a n c e s, h e r e a fte r , f o r u n ifo r m s f o r g u a rd s a n d n u r s e s , n o t
to e x c e e d $ 1 0 0 to ea ch e lig ib le e m p l o y e e ( L e g i s l a t i v e A p p r o p r i a t i o n
A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

The Government Printing Office executes orders for
printing, binding, and blankbook work, placed by Con­
gress and the various departments and independent estab­
lishments of the Federal Government, and furnishes on
order, blank paper, inks, and similar supplies. Opera­
tions are subject to the authority of the Joint Committee
on Printing (44 U . S. C.).
This fund finances its operations out of receipts from
the sale of publications and services. R eceipts from sales
o f publications b y the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts are
deposited to the revolving fund. A ll profits accruing
from these transactions (sale of publications) are deposited
in the Treasury of the U nited States and credited to m is­
cellaneous receipts (44 U. S. C. 63).
T otal investm ent of the G overnm ent in the G overnm ent
Printing Office is expected to rem ain unchanged at ap­
proxim ately $46.2 million.
A . S t a te m e n t o f s o u r c e s a n d a p p lic a tio n o f fu n d s

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Income (value of services performed)—
Continued
Commercial operations__________________
$21,189,251
____________
_
Materials operations. _.
20,147,613
Total incom e-.- ___________

. . . ..

Expenses (cost of services performed):
Printing and binding operations:
Composing . . . _ _______ ________
_
._
Platemaking__________ _ ____________
Letterpress _ .. ._
_____________
Offset___ ______ _________ _____ __
__
Binding _
_ ______ . . .
_______ _
Other chargeable work. _____________
Field service operations. _ _____ ____
Commercial operations_______ . . . ___
Materials operations. _____
- ______
Total expenses. _

_.

_______

___

Net income for the year_____ _ __
ANALYSIS OF RETAINED EARNINGS

C . S t a t e m e n t o f f in a n c ia l c o n d i t i o n

1955 actual

Acquisition of assets: Equipm ent____ _

$1,042, 667

$1,177, 766

$1,302,405

Expenses (statement B ) _________________
Less depreciation on equipment and
building appurtenances-.............. __.

76,188,194

76,000,000

73,500,000

638, 575

659,811

714, 635

Expenses requiring funds________
Increase in selected working capital____

75,549,619

75,340,189
1,251

72, 785, 365
166, 459

Total applied to operations______. .

76, 592, 286

76, 519, 206

74, 254, 229

Payment of earnings to Treasury_______

7,434, 694

2,496,201

2, 500,000

Total funds applied________________
FUNDS PROVIDED
By operations:

84,026,980

79,015, 407

76, 754, 229

To financing:

Total funds provided________________

$11,655, 599

$11,101,370

8,431, 344
53,319

8.400.000
50,000

8.400.000
50,000

10,435,798
3,151, 577
5,298, 519
3,299,081

10, 500, 000
3, 230,000
5,062,891
3.340.000

10, 500,000
3.230.000
4, 969,350
3.400.000

145,045

150, 000

150,000

3,190,000
70,000

3, 250,000
70,000

_____

42,639,896

42,158,490

41, 570,720

Fixed assets:
Equipment and building appurte­
nances. __________ ____ _______
___
Less portion charged off as deprecia­
tion ______ _______ __________ ____ __

15,262,095

16,289,861

17,442, 266

9,195, 554

9,855,365

10, 570,000

6,066, 541
9, 085,173

6, 434,496
9,085,173

6,872, 266
9,085,173

Total fixed a sse ts__________ _____ __

15,151,714

15, 519, 669

15, 957, 439

Total assets__________ ________ _._

To operations:

By financing:
Decrease in Treasury cash______________

$12,023,006

3,154,036
92,297

57, 791, 610

57, 678,159

57, 528,159

233, 242
3, 645, 668
5, 750, 420
828, 076
1,192, 844

235, 000
3, 600, 000
5, 600. 000
1, 000, 000
1,100, 000

235. 000
3, 500, 000
5, 500. 000
1, 000, 000
1,100, 000

11,650,250

11, 535, 000

11,335, 000

N et publications________________
Deferred and undistributed charges____

Total provided by operations_______

1957 estimate

ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash with Treasury _______ ____ ___
Accounts receivable:
Government agencies____________ __
Other. ___________ _ _ __ __________
Inventories:
Work in process__ _____ ____ ______ _
Finished work ____________ _____ ______
Stores. _________ __ __________________
Publications for s a le _________ ______ __
Less reserve for anticipated unsal­
able items_______
._ _ _ ______

FUNDS APPLIED

Realization of assets: Proceeds from
sale of equipment_____ _______ ________
Income (statement B ) _ _ _______________
Capital adjustments (net)______________
Decrease in selected working capital___

1956 estimate

Total current assets__________

N et equipment _
_____
Lands and structures___ __
______

_

LIABILITIES
105,
81,400,
863,
642,

821
741
517
788

153,000
78,425, 000
70,000

150, 000
76,000,000
50,000

83,012,867

78, 648,000

76,200,000

1,014,113

367,407

554, 229

84,026,980

79,015,407

76, 754, 229

Current liabilities:
Accounts payable:
Government agencies_________ ______
Other
_
_______
_
Accrued expenses. _
Deferred credits (advances)___ . . .
Deposit fund liabilities. . _______

Total liabilities.

__________________

INVESTMENT OF U. S. GOVERNMENT

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
$76, 519,206
78, 648,000

$74,254,229
76,200,000

Net effect on budget expenditures...

-6 ,4 2 0 , 581

-2 ,1 2 8 ,7 9 4

-1 ,9 45,7 71

-6 ,4 2 0 , 581

-2 ,1 2 8 , 794

-1 ,9 4 5 , 771

The above are credited'(—) to net receipts
of the fund_____________________ _________

B . S ta te m e n t o f in c o m e an d e x p e n s e

1955 actual

1956 estimate




$35,490,784
4, 573,093

$33,925,000
4,500,000

1, 000, 000

1, 000, 000

9, 085,173
32, 876, 905

9, 085,173
32, 946, 905

9, 085,173
32, 996, 905

Total principal .
__
Retained earnings from operations. . . . _

42, 962, 078
3,179, 282

43, 032, 078
3, 111, 081

43, 082, 078
3,111,081

46,141,360

46,143,159

4 6 ,193,159

57,791, 610

57,678,159

57, 528,159

1957 estimate

Income (value of services performed):
Printing and binding op eration s.______
Field service operations_________________

1, 000, 000

Total liabilities and investment of
U. S. Government________________

$76,592,286
83,012,867

Principal of fund:
Appropriation..
______________________
N et
value— lands
and
structures
(contra)
.
...
Paid in capital_________
_____
______

Total investment of U. S. Government__ _____________ ___________

Funds applied to operations______________
Funds provided by operations____________

$33,000,000
4,000,000

N o t e — U nobligated balances areasfollows: June30,1954,$25,705,200; 1955,$23,421,110;
1956, $24,623,490; and 1957, $24,835,720.
Obligated balances are as follows: June 30, 1954, -$12,668,081; 1955, -$11,398,104:
1956, -$12,967,891; and 1957, -$13,734,350.
Cash balance with Treasury on June 30, 1954, was $13,037,119.

38

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

B U D G E T

A N D

FO R

F IS C A L

M A N A G E M E N T

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS—Continued
G O VER N M EN T

P R IN T IN G

r e v o lv in g

O F F I C E — C o n tin u e d
01

A c c r u e d e x p e n d itu r e s b y o b je c ts

1955 actual

F U N D S —

C o n tin u e d

A c c r u e d e x p e n d i t u r e s b y o b j e c t s — C o n tin u e d

Object classification

f u n d — c o n tin u e d

Object classification

1957

S c h e d u le A - l .

G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffice R e v o l v i n g F u n d • C o n t i n u e d
—
S c h e d u le A - l .

Y E A R

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions___
Full-time equivalent of all other positions..
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

6, 250
1
6,129
6,163

6,115
1
6, 041
6, 075

5,992
1
5, 918
5, 952

Average salaries and grades: Ungraded
positions: Average salary________________

1 , 714
4

$4, 772

771

1 892, 771
,

$28, 828, 981

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
13

Personal services— Continued
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates______
Excess of leave earned over leave
taken
Total personal services--........
Travel__________________________________
Transportation of things_________ . . .
Communication services._ ___________
Rents and utility services_________
_
Printing and reproduction___ ________
Other contractual services______ ______
Supplies and materials______
______
Equipm ent___
. - ______
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$7,000
110,880
2, 543,000

2, 444, 750

32, 299, 678
7, 270
675, 679
56, 256
518, 221
20, 056, 924
237, 345
21, 555, 747
939, 372
2, 706

31, 489, 861
8, 200
680, 000
56, 500
530,000
20,197, 200
240, 000
21, 500, 000
1, 077, 766
2,800

30, 690, 774
8, 200
600, 000
50, 500
500, 000
19,900,000
240,000
20, 000,000
1, 202,405
2,000

76,349,198

75, 782,327

73,193,879

$6,960
111,459
2, 924,176

$6,997

364,312

$28, 239, 027

01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________

Total accrued expenditures_________

G E N E R A L
S e c . 1 0 2 . N o p a r t o f t h e f u n d s a p p r o p r i a t e d in t h i s A c t s h a ll b e
u s e d f o r t h e m a i n t e n a n c e o r c a r e o f p r i v a t e v e h i c le s .
S e c . 1 0 3 . W h e n e v e r a n y o f f ic e o r p o s i t i o n n o t s p e c i f i c a l l y e s t a b ­
li s h e d b y t h e L e g i s l a t i v e P a y A c t o f 1 9 2 9 is a p p r o p r i a t e d f o r h e r e in
o r w h e n e v e r th e r a te o f c o m p e n s a t io n o r d e s ig n a tio n o f a n y p o s it io n
a p p r o p r i a t e d f o r h e r e in is d i f f e r e n t f r o m t h a t s p e c i f i c a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d
fo r s u c h p o s it io n b y s u c h A c t , t h e r a te o f c o m p e n s a t io n a n d th e
d e s ig n a tio n o f t h e p o s it io n , o r e ith e r , a p p r o p r ia te d fo r o r p r o v id e d
h e r e in , s h a ll b e t h e p e r m a n e n t l a w w i t h r e s p e c t t h e r e t o : P r o v i d e d ,
T h a t t h e p r o v i s i o n s h e r e in f o r t h e v a r i o u s i t e m s o f o f f i c ia l e x p e n s e s
o f M e m b e r s , O ff ic e r s , a n d C o m m i t t e e s o f t h e H o u s e , a n d C le r k
H i r e f o r M e m b e r s s h a ll b e t h e p e r m a n e n t l a w w i t h r e s p e c t t h e r e t o :
P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t t h e p r o v is io n s r e la tin g t o p o s itio n s a n d
s a l a r i e s t h e r e o f c a r r ie d i n H . R e s . 7 1 4 o f t h e E i g h t y - t h i r d C o n g r e s s
a n d H . R e s . 7 3 , 7 4 , 7 5 , 8 1 , 8 2 , 1 4 0 , 1 6 3 , a n d 1 9 5 o f th e E i g h t y -f o u r t h
C o n g r e s s s h a ll b e t h e p e r m a n e n t l a w w i t h r e s p e c t t h e r e t o .
S e c . 1 0 4 . N o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d i n t h i s A c t s h a ll
b e p a id a s c o m p e n s a tio n to a n y p e r s o n a p p o in t e d a fte r J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 3 5 ,
a s a n o ffic e r o r m e m b e r o f t h e C a p i t o l P o li c e w h o d o e s n o t m e e t t h e
s t a n d a r d s t o b e p r e s c r i b e d f o r s u c h a p p o i n t e e s b y t h e C a p i t o l P o li c e
B o a r d : P r o v i d e d , T h a t t h e C a p i t o l P o li c e B o a r d is h e r e b y a u t h o r i z e d
t o d e t a i l p o li c e f r o m t h e H o u s e O ff ic e , S e n a t e O ff i c e , a n d C a p i t o l
B u i l d i n g s f o r p o li c e d u t y o n t h e C a p i t o l G r o u n d s .
[ S e c . 1 0 5 . N o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d in t h i s A c t
s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y t h e s a l a r y o r w a g e s o f a n y p e r s o n w h o e n g a g e s
i n a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o r w h o is a




P R O V IS IO N S
m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p lo y e e s t h a t a sse rts
th e r ig h t to s tr ik e a g a in s t th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n it e d S t a t e s , o r
w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t a d v o c a t e s ,
th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n ite d S ta te s b y fo rce or
v io le n c e : P r o v id e d , T h a t fo r t h e p u r p o s e s h e r e o f a n a ffid a v it s h a ll b e
c o n s id e r e d p r i m a f a c i e e v i d e n c e t h a t t h e p e r s o n m a k i n g t h e a ffi­
d a v it h a s n o t c o n tr a r y to t h e p r o v is io n s o f th is se c tio n , e n g a g e d in
a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , is n o t a
m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p lo y e e s t h a t a sse rts
t h e r ig h t to s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s ,
o r t h a t s u c h p e r s o n d o e s n o t a d v o c a t e , a n d is n o t a m e m b e r o f a n
o r g a n iz a tio n th a t a d v o c a te s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e
U n it e d S ta te s b y fo r c e or v io le n c e : P ro v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t a n y p e r ­
s o n w h o e n g a g e s in a s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n i t e d
S t a t e s o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m ­
p lo y e e s t h a t a s s e rts th e r ig h t t o s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f
t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , o r w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n
o r g a n iz a tio n th a t a d v o c a te s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f
t h e U n it e d S ta te s b y fo r c e o r v io le n c e , a n d a c c e p ts e m p lo y m e n t
th e s a la r y o r w a g e s fo r w h ic h a re p a id fr o m a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n o r
f u n d c o n t a i n e d i n t h i s A c t s h a ll b e g u i l t y o f a f e l o n y a n d , u p o n c o n ­
v i c t i o n , s h a ll b e f i n e d n o t m o r e t h a n $ 1 , 0 0 0 o r i m p r i s o n e d f o r n o t
m o r e t h a n o n e y e a r , o r b o t h : P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t t h e a b o v e
p e n a l t y c l a u s e s h a ll b e i n a d d i t i o n t o , a n d n o t i n s u b s t i t u t i o n f o r ,
a n y o th e r p r o v is io n s o f e x is tin g l a w . ]
( L e g is l a t i v e A p p r o p r i a t i o n
A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)




T H E

J U

D I C I A R Y

SUMMARY OF BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
1 9 5 6 e s tim a te

1 9 5 5 a ctu a l

N EW

O B L IG A T IO N A L

1 9 5 7 e s tim a te

A U T H O R IT Y

E n a c t e d or r e c o m m e n d e d i n t h i s d o c u m e n t :
C u rre n t a u th o r iz a tio n s :
A p p r o p r ia tio n s

_

R e a p p r o p r ia tio n s

_

_ _ _ _ _
_

_

____

_

_

_

T o ta l n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r ity e n a c te d or r e c o m m e n d e d

$35, 903, 910

$40, 784, 635

35, 903, 910

$31, 570, 500

_

40, 784, 635

3, 6 6 9

_

31, 574, 169

P r o p o s e d fo r la te r t r a n s m i s s i o n :
A p p r o p r ia tio n s :
P a y in c r e a s e c o s ts
O th e r

_

_

1, 2 4 9 , 8 2 0

_

_

_

225, 000

T o t a l n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r it y p r o p o s e d fo r la te r tr a n s m is s io n

1, 4 7 4 , 8 2 0

G r a n d t o t a l n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r ity

BALANCES

AND

OTH ER

31, 57 4, 169

AM O U N TS

37, 378, 730

40, 784, 635

1, 2 6 6 , 8 5 1

2, 2 6 5 , 4 0 2

1, 9 9 6 , 4 5 0

A V A IL A B L E

B a la n c e s b r o u g h t fo r w a r d a t s t a r t o f y e a r fr o m —
A p p r o p r ia tio n s e n a c te d

_

_

A p p r o p r ia t io n s p r o p o s e d fo r la t e r t r a n s m is s io n .

82, 950

T o t a l b a la n c e s a v a ila b le

1, 2 6 6 , 8 5 1

T o t a l b u d g e t a u th o r iz a tio n s a v a ila b le

_

2, 0 7 9 , 4 0 0

32, 841, 020

_

2, 2 6 5 , 4 0 2

39, 644, 132

42, 864, 035

SUMMARY OF BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
1955
Obligated

Jalances of prior authorizations for expenditure:
Appropriations enacted or recommended___________
Appropriations proposed for later transmission
Total balances available at start of year_________

40




Unobligated

1956
Obligated

1957

Unobligated

Obligated

$1,266,851

$2,258,235

$7,167

$1,996,450
82,950

1,266,851

2,258,235

7,167

2,079,400

Unobligated

__________

1958
Obligated

$1, 894,100

1, 894,100

Unobligated

T H E

J U

D I C I A R Y

SUMMARY OF EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
1 9 5 5 a c tu a l

1 9 5 6 e stim a te

1 9 5 7 e stim a te

E X P E N D IT U R E S

F r o m n e w a u th o r iz a tio n s e n a c t e d or r e c o m m e n d e d in th is d o c u m e n t :
O u t o f n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r ity :

C u r r e n t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s . - _______________

__

$33, 571, 263

_ _— —
— _

1, 1 8 9 , 3 7 0

$38, 890, 535

F r o m a u th o r iz a tio n s p r o p o s e d fo r la te r t r a n s m is s io n :

J

O u t o f cu rren t a u th o r iz a tio n s:
P a y in c r e a s e c o s t s . ____ _ _
O t h e r ______

_

__

______ _________
— —

__________ ___________

_

______ ___
—
—

_ _ _

__________ ________

_
—

_

_

_

202, 500

O u t o f b a l a n c e s o f p r i o r e x p e n d it u r e a u t h o r i z a t i o n s :
P a y in c r e a s e c o s t s ______
O th e r

_

_______

_______________________

_ _ _ _

____________

_

_

>

_ _ _

_______

_

$30, 431, 879
60, 450

_ _ _ _

22, 500

T o t a l e x p e n d itu r e s fr o m a u th o r iz a t io n s p r o p o s e d fo r la t e r t r a n s m is s io n .

1, 3 9 1 , 8 7 0

82, 950

2, 2 6 1 , 5 9 9

1, 9 9 6 , 4 5 0

30, 431, 879

37, 224, 732

40, 969, 935

143, 739

340, 000

2, 2 6 5 , 4 0 2

1, 9 9 6 , 4 5 0

O th e r e x p e n d itu r e s :
O u t o f b a la n c e s o f p r io r e x p e n d itu r e a u th o r iz a t io n s

N e t b u d g e t e x p e n d it u r e s .

_

_

BALANCES

B a la n c e s

n o lo n g e r a v a ila b le

_____

_

N OT

____

_

____

_

_

_

__

_

_

_

_

_ _ _

EXPENDED

__

_ _ _ _

__________________

B a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r i n —
A p p r o p r ia tio n s e n a c te d o r r e c o m m e n d e d

_

_______________ ______ _____________________

A p p r o p r i a t i o n s p r o p o s e d f o r l a t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n ______

____________ ___________ ________

T o t a l b a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r ___________ ___

N e t e x p e n d i t u r e s a n d b a l a n c e s ____ _________ ___

_______

_

_______

____ ______

____________

1, 8 9 4 , 1 0 0

82, 950

2, 2 6 5 , 4 0 2

2, 0 7 9 , 4 0 0

1, 8 9 4 , 1 0 0

32, 841, 0 20

39, 644, 132

42, 864, 035

SUMMARY OF BALANCES NO LONGER AVAILABLE
1955 actual

Balances expiring and lapsing and adjustment of balances downward (net)




______________ ________ _________________________________

$143, 739

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$340,000

41

42

T H E

BU D G ET

B U D G E T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

AN D

Y E A R

1957

E X P E N D IT U R E S

B Y O R G A N I Z A T I O N U N I T A N D A C C O U N T T IT L E

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
No.

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1956
estimate

1955
actual

1957
estimate

RECAPITULATION BY ORGANIZATION UNIT
Supreme Court of the United States........................................ ..
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals_____________________
Customs Court_____________________________________________
Court of Claims____________________________________________
Courts of appeals, district courts, and other judicial serv-

$1, 524, 454
223, 460
495, 630
626, 000

$1,626,
275,
665,
674,

785
755
770
700

$22, 600
8,140
22, 000
19, 580

$1, 527, 785
284,850
633,000
702, 000

$1, 271,039
210, 279
466, 593
607, 593

286, 000
645,466
698, 056

$1, 662, 785
284.850
683, 000
702, 300

28, 704, 625

32, 885,900

1,177, 500

37, 637,000

27,876, 375

33,946,002

37, 637,000

31,574,:

36,128,910

1,249,820

40,784,635

30,431,879

37,224,732

40,969,935

$1,016,000
91,200
52,650
350,800
5,835
4,300
3,669

$1,112, 400
91,200
49, 950
367, 400
5,835

$22,600

$1,181,600
91, 200
55,150
194,000
5,835

$976,620
56,691
50, 793
181,013
379

$1,141,056
82,808
48,084
366,619
6,078

$1,181, 600
91, 200
55,150
329,000
5,835

5,543

4,563

1,524, 454

1, 626, 785

22,600

1,527,785

1,271,039

1,649,208

1,662,785

602

223,460

275, 755

8,140

284,850

210,279

286,000

284,850

602

495,630

665,770

22,000

633,000

466,593

645,466

683,000

602
602

618,000
8,000

662, 700
12,000

19,580

693,000
9,000

592,178
15,415

686,366
11,690

693,000
9,300

626,000

674, 700

19,580

702,000

607,593

698,056

702,300

602
602
602

6,356,500
13, 211,000
4.075.000

8,406,000
14,000,000
4, 500,000

1,046,000

8.406.000
16,701,000
4.250.000

6,230,681
12,645,490
4,072,825

8,394,162
15,252,125
4,167,140

8.406.000
16,701,000
4.250.000

602

1.830.000

2,276,750

2,824,400

1,800,625

2,303,838

2,801,900

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures,......................................................................

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Current authorizations
(Other than revolving and management funds)
Supreme Court of the United States:
Salaries, Supreme Court.................... ........................................
Printing and binding Supreme Court reports...................
Miscellaneous expenses, Supreme Court________________
Care of buildings and grounds, Supreme Court...............
Automobile for Chief Justice, Supreme Court..................
Preparation of rules for civil procedure, Supreme Court.
Reappropriation....................................................................

602
602
602
602
602
602
602

Total, Supreme Court of the United States.
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals:
Salaries and expenses................. ....................................
Customs Court:
Salaries and expenses..................................... ................
Court of Claims:
Salaries and expenses, Court of Claim s_______
Repairs and improvements, Court of C laim s..
Total, Court of Claim s.
Courts of appeals, district courts, and other judicial
services:
Salaries of judges........................... ...............................................
Salaries of supporting personnel................ ..........................
Fees of jurors and commissioners, United States courts.
Travel and miscellaneous expenses, United States
courts_______ __________ ________ _______________________

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
N o.

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless otherwise specified)
1955

1956

1957

FUNDS PROVIDED
(by operations)

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Intragovernmental funds
Supreme Court:
Advances and reimbursements____________ __________ ____________________




602

$5,475

$5,300

$5, 500

T H E

BUDGET

43

J U D IC IA R Y

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

AND

E X P E N D I T U R E S — C o n tin u e d

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE-Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
D 0 CUMENT— Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
Courts of appeals, district courts, and other judicial
services— Continued
Salaries and expenses, Administrative Office, United
States courts____ _____________________ _________________
Airconditioning courtrooms, offices, and other rooms,
United States courts............................................
__
Salaries of referees, United States courts (indefinite,
special account)----------------------- -------------------- ---------------Expenses of referees, United States courts (indefinite,
special account)____ ____________________ ______ _ ______
Miscellaneous expired accounts......... ......... ............. .............

602

$606,000

$606,250

$36, 500

602

1,123,000

1,221,400

602
602

1,503,125

1,650,500

28, 704,625

32,660,900

31, 574,169

35,903,910

Total current authorizations_________ ______________
Deduct anticipated pay increase supplem entals_________

$594,782

31,574,169

$753,500
1,500,000

1,233,500

1,099,322

1,218,797

1,233,500

95,000

1,968,600

1,429,468
3,182

1,755,284

1,968,600

1,177,500

37,637,000

27,876,375

33,743,502

37,614,500

1,249,820

40, 784,635

30, 431,879

37,022,302

40,947,435

1,189,370

60,450

35,832,862

40,886,985

1,189,370

60,450

202,500

22,500

1,391,870

82,950

37,224,732

40,969,998

h 249,820

Total enacted or recommended in this document

$652,156

1,500,000

602

Total, courts of appeals, district courts, and other
judicial services— _ ----------------------------------------------*

$753,500

35,903,910

40,784,635

30,431,879

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION
Under existing legislation
Anticipated pay increase supplementals (see above)_____
Courts of appeals, district courts, and other judicial
services:
Travel and miscellaneous expenses, United States
courts
________ __________________________________ -

1,249,820

225,000

602

Total proposed for later transmission............................

225,000

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures.......................................................................

31,574,169

1,249,820

36,128,910

1 ,249,820

40,784,635

30,431,879

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET^XPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title

1955

1956

1957

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT

$5,475




$5,300

$5, 500

Intragovernmental funds
Supreme Court:
Advances and reimbursements

44

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

1957

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

[ s a l a r ie s ]
S a la r ie s , S u p r e m e C o u rt

Printing and binding, Supreme Court
reports (total obligations)_____________
Unobligated balance no longer available.

$91,200

91,200

91,200

29,330

Appropriation_________ ___________

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,1 8 1 ,6 0 0

91,200

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

06

Printing and reproduction— 1955, $61,870; 1956, $91,200; 1957, $91,200.

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,135,000

$1,181, 600

1,112,400

1,181,600

1955 actual

Program by activities:

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Salaries, Supreme Court (total obliga­
tions)
________________________________

$1,001,444

Unobligated balance no longer available.

1,016,000

$91,200
25,505
924

$91,200
31,608

$91,200
40,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

117,629

122,808

131,200

30,262
26,429

51,200
31,608

51,200
40,000

Total expenditures______________ ___
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)_________________
Obligated balance carried forward_______

56,691

82,808

91,200

29,330
31, 608

40,000

40,000

117,629

122,808

131,200

14,556

Appropriation.......................................
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases________________________

Appropriation...................................... ................
Obligated balance brought forward........... ..
Increase in prior year obligations ...............

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations..________
Out of prior authorizations______________

Financing:

22,600

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

162
20
173
190

162
20
178
203

162
20
181
203

Personal services;
Permanent positions------------- ----------Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base------

$939,148
57,305
2,576

$1,059,939
66, 901
4, 660

$1, 111, 199
66,901

Total personal services....................
Other contractual services-------------------

999,029
2,415

1,131, 500
3, 500

1,178,100
3, 500

Total obligations........ ............................

1,001,444

1,135,000

1,181,600

Total number of permanent positions-----Full-time equivalent of all other positionsAverage number of all employees-------------Number of employees at end of year______

07

$91,200

$61,870

Financing:

° Includes $90,000 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1956.

01

1957 estimate

Program by activities:

S a l a r i e s : F o r t h e C h i e f J u s t i c e a n d e i g h t A s s o c i a t e J u s t i c e s , a n d a ll
o t h e r o f f ic e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s , w h o s e c o m p e n s a t i o n s h a ll b e f i x e d b y
th e C o u r t , e x c e p t a s o th e r w is e p r o v id e d b y la w , a n d w h o m a y b e
e m p l o y e d a n d a s s i g n e d b y t h e C h i e f J u s t i c e t o a n y o f f ic e o r w o r k
o f th e C o u rt, [ $ 1 ,0 2 2 ,4 0 0 J $ 1 ,1 8 1 ,6 0 0 .
{2 8 U . S . C. 1 , 5 , 6 7 1 -6 7 5
J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t io n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 ,° $ 1 ,1 1 2 ,4 0 0

1956 estimate

Total expenditures and balances___

[ m is c e l l a n e o u s

expenses

M is c e lla n e o u s e x p e n s e s : F o r m is c e lla n e o u s e x p e n s e s t o b e e x ­
p e n d e d a s t h e C h ie f J u s tic e m a y a p p r o v e , [ $ 4 9 , 9 5 0 ] $ 5 5 ,1 5 0 .
(J u d ic ia r y A p p r o p r i a t io n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 4 9 ,9 5 0

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

]

M is c e lla n e o u s E x p e n s e s , S u p r e m e C o u rt

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 5 5 ,1 5 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$49,950

$55,150

49,950

55,150

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

$1,016,000

$1,112,400

$1,181,600

40, 232

22,600
65,056

59,000

1,056,232

1,200,056

936,388

1,053,400

1,122, 600

40, 232

22,600
65, 056

59,000

Total expenditures---------------------------Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)
______________
Obligated balance carried forward-------------

976, 620

1,141,056

1,181,600

14, 556
65,056

59,000

59,000

Total expenditures and balances------

1,056,232

1, 200,056

1, 240, 600

Program by activities:

1, 240, 600

Appropriation____ ________ _____ __________
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases
______ ____________
Obligated balance brought forward----------Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

Miscellaneous expenses, Supreme Court
(total obligations)__________
________

$52,438

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation

...

__

212
52,650

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental ap­
propriation
________________- - Out of prior authorizations......................

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

05
06
07
08
09

[ p r in t in g a n d b in d in g s u p r e m e c o u r t r e p o r t s ]

Communication services...........................
Penalty m ail________ _______ - ..............
Rents and utility services........................
Printing and reproduction.......................
Other contractual services.......................
Services performed by other agencies _
Supplies and m aterials.............................
Equipm ent........ ...........................................

$841
11, 240
1,323

$500
10,500
2,000

17,969
1,960
203
12,073
6,829

18,750
1,300
300
12,600
4,000

$500
11,000
1,300
1,800
18,750
2,800
300
13,300
5,400

Total obligations............... - ....................

04

52,438

49,950

55,150

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

P r in tin g a n d B in d in g S u p r e m e C o u r t R e p o r t s
P r in tin g a n d b in d in g S u p r e m e C o u rt r e p o r ts: F o r p r in tin g a n d
b in d in g t h e a d v a n c e o p in io n s , p r e lim in a r y p r in ts , a n d b o u n d
r e p o r ts o f th e C o u r t , $ 9 1 ,2 0 0 .
( 2 8 XJ. S . C . 4 1 1 ,
, 6 7 3 ; J u d ic ia ry
A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

412

A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 9 1 ,2 0 0




E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 9 1 ,2 0 0

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$52,650
11,677

$49,950
13,134

$55,150
15,000

64,327

63,084

70,150

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Obligated balance brought forward.............
Total budget authorizations avail-

T H E

45

J U D IC IA R Y

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

$350,800

$367,400

$194,000

9,095

3,364
160,855

165,000

359, 895

531, 619

359,000

172,005
9,008

202, 400
164, 219

164.000
165.000

181,013

Appropriation_______ ____________________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated.. _____________ __________
Obligated _________ ______
________ -

1957 estimate

366, 619

329,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

1956 estimate

$39,313
11,480

$34,950
13,134

$40,150
15,000

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) __.
Other____________ .
________________
Obligated balance carried forward. .............

50,793

48,084

55,150

212
188
13,134

15,000

15,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures and balances___

64,327

63,084

70,150

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

[

care

of

the

b u il d in g s

and

Total budget authorizations avail­
able___________ _____ _______________

Total expenditures _________ ______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other____ ____ _______ ____ ________________
Balance carried forward:
_ ___________ __________
U nobligated _
Obligated____________ _ ________________

grounds]

C a r e o f t h e B u ild in g a n d G r o u n d s , S u p r e m e C o u r t
C a r e o f the b u il d in g a n d g r o u n d s : F o r s u c h e x p e n d i t u r e s a s m a y
b e n e c e s s a r y t o e n a b le th e A r c h ite c t o f th e C a p it o l t o c a rr y o u t th e
d u tie s im p o s e d u p o n h im b y t h e A c t a p p r o v e d M a y 7 , 1 9 3 4 (4 0
U . S . C . 1 3 a - 1 3 b ) , in c lu d in g im p r o v e m e n t s , m a in t e n a n c e , r e p a ir s ,
e q u i p m e n t , s u p p l i e s , m a t e r i a l s , a n d a p p u r t e n a n c e s ; s p e c ia l c l o t h i n g
f o r w o r k m e n ; a n d p e r s o n a l a n d o th e r s e r v ic e s (in c lu d in g t e m p o r a r y
l a b o r w i t h o u t r e f e r e n c e t o t h e C la s s i f i c a t i o n a n d R e t i r e m e n t A c t s ,
a s a m e n d e d ) , a n d f o r s n o w r e m o v a l b y h ir e o f m e n a n d e q u i p m e n t
o r u n d e r c o n t r a c t w it h o u t c o m p lia n c e w ith s e c tio n 3 7 0 9 o f th e
R e v i s e d S t a t u t e s , a s a m e n d e d (4 1 U . S . C . 5 ) ; [ $ 3 6 7 ,4 0 0 1 $ 1 9 4 ,0 0 0 .
(.J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

3,364
160, 855

165,000

30,000

Total expenditures and balances-----

359, 895

531,619

359, 000

14, 576
87

[AUTOMOBILE FOR THE CHIEF JUSTICE]
A u to m o b ile

fo r th e

C h ie f J u stic e ,

S u prem e

C ou rt

A u t o m o b i l e f o r the C h i e f J u s t i c e : F o r p u r c h a s e , e x c h a n g e , l e a s e ,
d r iv in g , m a in t e n a n c e , a n d o p e r a tio n o f a n a u t o m o b ile fo r th e
C h ie f J u s tic e o f th e U n it e d S t a te s , $ 5 ,8 3 5 .
(J u d ic ia ry A p p r o p r ia ­
tio n A c tj 1 9 5 6 .)

A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 6 7 ,4 0 0

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 9 4 ,0 0 0
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 5 ,8 3 5

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Structural and mechanical care of
S u prem e C o u rt B u ild in g and
Grounds, including supplying of
mechanical furnishings and equip­
m ent________________________ _________

1955 actual

Appropriation_________ ___________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$5,835

$5,835

5,835

5,835

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Automobile for the Chief Justice (total
obligations) _________________________
$332,860

$370,764

$194,000

Unobligated balance no longer available.

- 3 ,3 6 4

5,013

Appropriation______________________

5,835

3,364
14, 576
350,800

$822

Financing:

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobligated balance no longer available.

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 5 ,8 3 5

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

367, 400

194,000
1955 actual

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

01
Object classification
Total number of permanent positions------Average number of all employees_________
01

07

08
09

Personal services:
Permanent positions-----------------Regular pay above 52-week base-----Payment above basic rates - _ _
Total personal services____________
Other contractual services:
General annual repairs______________
Annual painting__________ _________
Snow removal __ __ ______________
Elevator improvements: Illumina­
tion of hoistways _______ _______
Convert page boys’ locker room
into exercise room _ _ _ _ ______
Increase capacity of and make al­
terations to air-conditioning and
refrigeration systems
_ _ _ _
Improvements to increase capacity
of library. ______________ ________
Extension and improvement, air-con­
ditioning system _________ _
Convert elevator N o. 4 from signal
control to automatic push-button
control
- _______________ ____
Government insurance contribu­
tions
________________
Supplies and materials..............................
Equipment:
Annual________________________ _____ Purchase
and
replacement
of
kitchen equipment- _____________
Sound reinforcing system and tape
recording system
__________ ____
Total obligations....... .....................




1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

38
37

33
33

33
33

$133, 565
500
27,866

$138,000
1,000
30,400

161,931

169, 400

6,902
2,047

7.800
2,000
150

10,000
2,000
150

$155
667

$4,050
1,785

$4,028
1,807

822

5,835

5, 835

$138,000

169, 400

Personal services: Permanent posi­
tion _____ - _ _______
Other contractual services,_____ ______
Total obligations _ _________________

07

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$5,835

$5,835
443

$5,835
200

5,835

6, 278

6,035

379

5, 635
443

5,635
200

379

6,078

5,835

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Obligated balance brought forward _ _ _
Total budget authorizations avail-

2, 500
770

1955 actual

31, 400

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

3, 230

Expenditures—
Out of current a u th o riza tio n s..-_______
Out of prior authorizations______________

170,000
8.800

—
10,272
380
6,465

6,000

100

750

750

134

332,860

370, 764

5,013
443

200

200

5,835

6,278

6,035

6,000

5,700
8,366

Total expenditures__________________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)
_ __________
Obligated balance carried forward------------Total expenditures and balances-----

135,627

194, 000

[

p r e p a r a t io n

of

rules

for

CIVIL

procedure]

P r e p a r a t i o n o f R u l e s f o r C iv i l P r o c e d u r e , S u p r e m e C o u r t
[ T h e a m o u n t m a d e a v a ila b le u n d e r th is h e a d in t h e J u d ic ia r y
A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 5 , s h a ll r e m a i n a v a i l a b l e u n t i l J u n e 3 0 ,
1 9 5 6 .]
( J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

46

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

1957

C o n tin u e d

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES— Con.

O B L IG A T IO N S

BY

O BJE CTS

1955 actual

Object classification

of

rules

for

c iv il

procedure

PR O G R A M A N D F I N A N C I N G

1956 estimate

$4,166

1957 estimate

01

02
03
04

$3,803

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward.__
Unobligated balance carried forward___
A p p r o p r ia tio n

-3 ,8 0 3

06
07
08
09

3,803

.................................... ..

4,300
3,669

Reappropriation____________________

O B L IG A T IO N S

BY

24
24
24

26
26
26

26
26
26

$203,935

$253, 770
9,495
480

$255, 205
9,495

391

Total personal services____ _______
Travel_______ ______ ___________________
Transportation of th in g s ......................
Communication services______________
Penalty mail_________________ _______
Printing and reproduction____ _______
Other contractual services......... ..............
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent.......................... ..........................

204,326
208
22
1,201
300
8,120
629
713
1, 605

263, 745
200
50
1,250
500
12,000
775
900
4,475

264, 700
200
50
1, 250
500
12,000
775
900
4,475

217,124

283,895

284,850

Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________
N um ber of employees at end of year______

Program by activities:
Preparation of rules for civil procedure
(total obligations)______________________

1957 estimate

] — c o n t in u e d

P r e p a r a tio n o f R u le s fo r C iv il P r o c e d u r e , S u p r e m e C o u r t— C o n .

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Total obligations........................ ............

[ p r e p a r a t io n

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___

O BJE CTS
BUDGET

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D I T U R E S

1955 actual
01
02
06
07
08

Personal services_______________________
Travel ________________________________
Printing and reproduction......................
Other contractual services.......................
Supplies and materials..............................

$690
1,269
327
806
1,074

Total obligations____________________

B U D G E T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S ,

$611
333
2,514
45
300

4,166

3,803

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$284,850

8,140
16,105

14,000

234, 681

300, 000

298,850

201,019

261,755

270,850
14,000
284,850

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

4,563

9,260

8,140
16,105

210,279

286,000

6,336
1,961
16,105

14,000

14,000

Total expenditures and balances... .

$3,803
760

10,106

$275,755

Total expenditures ............................
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other____ _______________________________
Obligated balance carried forward........... ..

$4,300
3,669

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

1957 estimate

11,201
20

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation_______________________________
Out of prior authorizations______________

2,137

1956 estimate

$223,460

Total budget authorizations avail­
able........... ..................... ..................

BU D G ET AUTHORIZATIONS AV A ILA B L E

Appropriation______________________________
Reappropriation of prior year balance........
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated________________________________

BALANCES

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation...................................................
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases _____ ______ ______________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations ________

E X P E N D IT U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

AND

1957 estimate

234, 681

300,000

298,850

EXPEN D ITU RES AN D BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations....................
}
Out of prior authorizations..........................

5,543

Total expenditures__________________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated________________________________

10,106

3,803
760

CUSTOMS COURT

3,803
760

Total expenditures and balances___

/
I

5,543

4,563
[

a n d

EXPEN SES]

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , C o u r t o f C u s t o m s a n d P a te n t A p p e a ls
S a l a r i e s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r s a l a r i e s o f t h e c h ie f j u d g e , f o u r a s s o ­
c i a t e j u d g e s , a n d a l l o t h e r o f f ic e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s o f t h e c o u r t , a n d
n e c e s s a r y e x p e n s e s o f t h e c o u r t , in c lu d in g e x c h a n g e o f b o o k s , a n d
tr a v e lin g e x p e n se s, a s m a y
be ap p roved b y
t h e c h ie f j u d g e ,

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 2 8 4 ,8 5 0

• Includes $40,000 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1956.

A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , a $ 6 6 5 ,7 7 0

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 6 3 3 ,0 0 0

° Includes $67,500 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation A ct, 1956PR O G R A M

AND

1955 actual

$217,124

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$283,895

$284,850

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

223,460




$481,597

Salaries and expenses (total obligations).

275,755
8,140

1957 estimate

$687, 770

$633,000

665, 770

633,000

14,033

Appropriation_________ ____________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases. ______________________

495, 630

O B L IG A T IO N S

Object classification

6,336

Appropriation....... ...............................
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases._ . ___________________

1956 estimate

Program by activities:

Unobligated balance no longer available.

Program by activities:
Salaries and expenses (total obligations).

F IN A N C I N G

Financing:

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

]

S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r s a la r ie s o f th e c h ie f ju d g e , e ig h t ju d g e s ,
a n d a l l o t h e r o f f ic e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s o f t h e c o u r t , a n d n e c e s s a r y e x ­
p e n se s o f th e c o u r t, in c lu d in g e x c h a n g e o f b o o k s , a n d t r a v e lin g
e x p e n s e s , a s m a y b e a p p r o v e d b y th e c h ie f ju d g e , [ $ 5 9 8 , 2 7 0 ]
$ 6 3 3 ,0 0 0 : P ro v id ed , T h a t tr a v e lin g e x p e n se s o f ju d g e s o f th e C u s ­
t o m s C o u r t s h a ll b e p a i d u p o n t h e w r i t t e n c e r t i f i c a t e o f t h e j u d g e .
(5 U . S . C . 8 3 6 - 8 4 2 ; 2 8 U . S . C . 2 5 1 - 2 5 5 , 4 5 6 , 8 7 1 , 8 7 2 , 9 6 1 , 9 6 2 ;
3 1 U . S . C . 5 8 8 ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

[ $ 2 3 5 , 7 5 5 ] $ 2 8 4 ,8 5 0 ,
(5 U . S . C . 8 3 6 - 8 4 2 ; 2 8 U . S . C. 2 1 1 - 2 1 3 ,
8 3 1 - 8 3 4 ; 3 1 XJ. S . C . 5 8 8 ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , ° $ 2 7 5 ,7 5 5

e x p e n se s

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , C u s t o m s C o u r t
4,563

COURT OF CUSTOMS AND PATENT APPEALS
[S A L A R IE S ^ A N D

s a l a r ie s

284,850

Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year...........

22, 000

BY

O BJECTS

1955 actual
68
66
66

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

74
74
74

80
80
80

T H E

o b l ig a t io n s

by

o bjec ts

Object classification
01

02
03
04
06
07
08
09
15

47

J U D IC IA R Y

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

o b l ig a t io n s

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Personal services:
Permanent positions____ ____________
Regular pay above 52-week base___

$442,971
1,169

$557, 795
1,375

$586,000

Total personal services____________
Travel________________ __________ ______
Transportation of things_________
Communication services______________
Penalty mail____ __________________
Printing and reproduction............. ........
Other contractual services....................
Supplies and materials__________ ___
Equipment____________________________
Taxes and assessments_______________

444,140
12, 005
1,360
5, 075
920
3, 962
1, 445
2,258
9,991
441

559,170
14, 000
1,800
5,500
800
4, 000
64, 600
3, 300
34, 000
600

586,000
16, 000
1,800
5, 500
1, 000
4, 500
4, 600
4,000
9, 000
600

481, 597

687, 770

by

o b jects

Object classification

1955 actual

633,000

Total obligations____________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$665, 770

05
06
07
08
09

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_________________ ______ _______

513, 956

$7,348
2,257
615
3,244
56,028
1, 632
5,255
4,664

$12,000
2,500
800
3.000
52,000
3,900
6,200
5.000

$12,000
2,500
800
3.000
60,000
3,900
6,200
5.000

601,824

682, 280

693,000

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

1955 actual

AND

BALANCES

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$662,700

$693,000

19,580
49,086

45,000

657,440

708,000

731,366

738,000

552,738

Appropriation, _ _ ________ __ _______ _____
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases.-- _______ _____________ __________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations.................

75,000

720, 466

18, 293
33

Travel__________ _____________________
Communication services.._ __________
Penalty mail_______________________
Rents and utility services ___________
Printing and reproduction....................
Other contractual services.......................
Supplies and materials ..................... .
Equipment_________________ ______ __

BU D G E T

$633,000

22, 000
32, 696

$495,630

1957 estimate

617,700

648,000
45,000
693,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

A p p r o p r ia tio n -__________________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases____ _______ ___________
________
Obligated balance brought forward_______
Increase in prior year obligations_________

1956 estimate

Total obligations_________ _________ _

02
04

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

— c o n tin u e d

$618,000
39,361
79

Total budget authorizations" avail­
able________________________ _
__
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental ap­
propriation_ ___________
_
_________
Out of prior authorizations______ ______

448, 971

590, 770

608,000

17, 622

22, 000
32, 696

39,440

Total expenditures-_____ ____________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)____ _________ __
Obligated balance carried forward________

592,178

686,366

16,176
49,086

45,000

45,000

Total expenditures and balances___

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation____________________ _______ __
Out of prior authorizations.______ ______

19,580
49,086

657,440

731,366

738,000

[

im p r o v e m e n t s

75, 000

Total expenditures_______ _____ ____
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for o b ligation )...
Other__________________
________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

466, 593
14,033
634
32, 696

75,000

25,000

Total expenditures and balances___

513, 956

720, 466

708,000

645, 466

683,000

r e p a ir s

a n d

]

R e p a ir s a n d I m p r o v e m e n t s , C o u r t o f C la im s
R e p a ir s a n d im p r o v e m e n ts: F o r n e c e s s a ry r e p a ir s a n d im p r o v e ­
m e n t s to t h e C o u r t o f C la im s b u ild in g s , to b e e x p e n d e d u n d e r th e
su p e r v isio n o f th e A r c h it e c t o f th e C a p it o l, [ $ 1 2 , 0 0 0 ] $ 9 ,0 0 0 .
( 8 1 S ta t. 1 1 3 5 ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

COURT OF CLAIMS
[

s a l a r ie s

an d

e x p e n se s

]

A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 2 ,0 0 0

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , C o u r t o f C la im s
S a l a r i e s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r s a la r ie s o f t h e c h i e f j u d g e , f o u r a s s o ­
c ia te ju d g e s , [ s e v e n r e g u la r a n d six a d d itio n a l c o m m is s io n e r s ,] a n d
a l l o t h e r o ff ic e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s o f t h e C o u r t , a n d f o r o t h e r n e c e s ­
s a r y e x p e n s e s , i n c l u d i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d o t h e r fe e s a n d c h a r g e s
n e c e s s a r y in t h e t a k i n g o f t e s t i m o n y , a n d t r a v e l ,
[ $ 6 2 2 ,7 0 0 ]
$ 6 9 3 ,0 0 0 .
(5 U . S . C. 8 3 6 -8 4 2 , 2 8 U . S . C. 1 7 1 , 4 5 6 , 7 9 1 - 7 9 5 , 9 6 2 ;
3 1 U . S . C . 5 8 8 ; 4 1 U . S . C . 1 1 4 1 J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , a $ 6 6 2 ,7 0 0

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 6 9 3 ,0 0 0

° Includes $40,000 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1956.
P R O G R AM

AND

Program by activities:
Salaries and expenses (total obligations).

$601,824

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available_

618,000

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
Structural and mechanical maintenance
(total obligations)_____________________

$682,280

$693,000

662,700

Object classification

$12,000

$9,000

12,000

9,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

55

BY

OBJECTS

1955 actual

$4,456
3,489

$4,000
4.000
4.000

$5,000
4,000

Total obligations.................................

693,000

Other contractual services:
General annual repairs. ___________
Annual painting_____________ _______
Air-conditioning improvements____

7,945

12,000

9,000

O BJE CTS
BU D G E T

1956 estimate

71
69
68

75
74
74

75
74
74

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___

$519, 166
1, 615

$595,100
1,780

520, 781

596,880

599,600

E X P E N D IT U R E S

AND

BALANCES

$599,600

Total personal services....................

A U T H O R I Z A T IO N 8 ,

1957 estimate

Object classification
Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______
01

1957 estimate

8,000

O B L IG A T IO N S

07

1956 estimate

$7,945

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

1957 estimate

19,580

BY

F IN A N C IN G

ApprnpriatinTi

16,176

Appropriation______ _________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases_______ ______ _____________

AND

1955 actual

F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual

O B L IG A T IO N S

P R O G R AM

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 9 ,0 0 0




1955 actual

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation_______________ _____ ________
Obligated balance brought forward.............

$8,000
8,552

$12,000
890

$9,000
1,200

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

16,552

12,890

10,200

48

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

COURT OF CLAIMS— Continued
[ r e p a ir s

and

im p r o v e m e n t s ]

1957

C o n tin u e d

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES-----C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

— c o n t in u e d

R e p a ir s a n d I m p r o v e m e n t s , C o u r t o f C la im s — C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

B UD OE T A UTHO RIZATIONS A VAILA B LE— COn.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- C o n tin u e d

Obligated balance brought forward_______

$13, 295

$138,162

$150, 000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able____________ __________________

6,369, 795

8, 544,162

8, 556,000

6, 217, 390
13, 291

8, 256, 000
138,162

8, 256,000
150, 000

Total expenditures_________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) __.
Other _____ _______ _ . . . . . . ____
Obligated balance carried forward________

6, 230, 681

8,394,162

8, 406, 000

948
4
138,162

150,000

150,000

Total expenditures and balances___

6, 369, 795

8, 544,162

8, 556, 000

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

$7,055
8,360

$10,800
890

$8,100
1,200

15, 415

Total expenditures.______ ___________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for o b ligation )...
Other.
______________________________
Obligated balance carried forward_____ . .

11,690

9,300

55
192
890

Total expenditures and balances___

1,200

16, 552

900

12,890

s a l a r ie s

of

ju d g es

]

S a la r ie s o f J u d g e s
S a l a r i e s o f j u d g e s : F o r s a l a r i e s o f c i r c u it j u d g e s ; d i s t r i c t j u d g e s
(in c lu d in g ju d g e s o f t h e d is t r ic t c o u r ts o f A la s k a , t h e V ir g in I s la n d s ,
t h e P a n a m a C a n a l Z o n e , a n d G u a m ) ; ju s tic e s a n d ju d g e s o f th e
S u p r e m e C o u r t a n d c ir c u it c o u r ts o f t h e T e r r ito r y o f H a w a i i;
ju s tic e s a n d ju d g e s r e tir e d or re s ig n e d u n d e r title 2 8 , U n ite d S ta te s
C o d e , s e c tio n s 3 7 1 , 3 7 2 , a n d 3 7 3 ; a n d a n n u itie s o f w id o w s o f ju s ­
tic e s o f t h e S u p r e m e C o u r t o f t h e U n it e d S ta te s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
t itle 2 8 , U n ite d S ta te s C o d e , s e c tio n 3 7 5 ; [ $ 5 , 7 2 8 , 0 0 0 ] $ 8 ,4 0 6 ,0 0 0 .
(2 8 U . S . C. 4 4 , 1 3 3 , 1 3 5 ; 4 8 U . S . C. 6 3 2 , 6 3 4 a , 1 3 4 4 , 1 3 4 8 , 1 3 5 3 ;
A c ts o f M a y 1 1 , 1 9 4 5 , P u b lic A c t 1 4 2 , an d M a y 4 , 1 9 5 1 , P u b lic A c t
2 6 , L e g isla tu r e , T e r r ito r y o f H a w a i i ; J u d ic ia r y A p p r o p r ia t io n A c t,
1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 ,a $ 8 ,4 0 6 ,0 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 8 ,4 0 6 ,0 0 0

« Includes $2,678,000 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1956.
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$8,406,000

$8,406,000

Program by activities:
Salaries (total obligations)______________

$6, 355, 552

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________

10, 200

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND
OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES
[

Y E A R

[

s a l a r ie s

of

s u p p o r t in g

p e r so n n e l

]

S a l a r i e s o f S u p p o r t in g P e r s o n n e l , T h e J u d i c i a r y
S a l a r i e s o f s u p p o r t i n g p e r s o n n e l : F o r s a la r i e s o f a ll o f f ic ia ls a n d
e m p lo y e e s o f t h e F e d e r a l J u d ic ia r y , n o t o th e r w is e s p e c ific a lly p r o ­
v id e d fo r , [ $ 1 4 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ] $ 1 6 ,7 0 1 ,0 0 0 : P r o v id e d , T h a t t h e c o m p e n ­
s a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r ie s a n d l a w c le r k s o f c i r c u it a n d d i s t r i c t j u d g e s
s h a ll b e f i x e d b y t h e D i r e c t o r o f t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O ff ic e w i t h o u t
r e g a r d t o t h e C la s s i f i c a t i o n A c t o f 1 9 4 9 , a s a m e n d e d , e x c e p t t h a t
t h e s a l a r y o f a s e c r e t a r y s h a ll c o n f o r m w i t h t h a t o f t h e G e n e r a l
S c h e d u l e g r a d e s ( G S ) 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , o r 8 , a s t h e a p p o i n t i n g j u d g e s h a ll
d e t e r m in e , a n d t h e s a l a r y o f a l a w c le r k s h a ll c o n f o r m w i t h t h a t
th e G e n e r a l S c h e d u le g r a d e s (G S ) 5 , 7 , 9 , 1 1 , o r 1 2 , a s t h e a p p o in t in g
j u d g e s h a ll d e t e r m i n e , s u b j e c t t o r e v i e w b y t h e j u d i c i a l c o u n c i l o f
t h e c i r c u it i f r e q u e s t e d b y t h e D i r e c t o r , s u c h d e t e r m i n a t i o n b y t h e
j u d g e o t h e r w i s e t o b e f i n a l: P r o v i d e d f u r t h e r , T h a t ( e x c l u s i v e o f s t e p in c r e a s e s c o r r e s p o n d i n g w i t h t h o s e p r o v i d e d f o r b y t i t l e V I I o f t h e
C la s s i f i c a t i o n A c t o f 1 9 4 9 , a s a m e n d e d , a n d o f c o m p e n s a t i o n p a i d f o r
te m p o r a r y a ssista n c e n e e d e d b e c a u s e o f a n e m e r g e n c y ) t h e a g g r e g a te
s a la r ie s p a i d t o s e c r e t a r ie s a n d l a w c le r k s a p p o i n t e d b y o n e j u d g e
s h a ll n o t e x c e e d [ $ 1 0 , 5 6 0 ] $ 1 1 , 3 6 0 p e r a n n u m , e x c e p t in t h e c a s e o f
t h e c h ie f j u d g e o f e a c h c i r c u it a n d t h e c h ie f j u d g e o f e a c h d i s t r i c t
c o u r t h a v in g fiv e o r m o r e d is tr ic t ju d g e s , in w h ic h c a s e t h e a g g r e ­
g a t e s a la r ie s s h a ll n o t e x c e e d [ $ 1 4 , 3 5 5 ] $ 1 5 , 4 4 0 p e r a n n u m .
(1 8
U . S . C . 3 6 5 4 , 3 6 5 6 ; 2 8 U . S . C . 6 0 4 (a) ( 5 ) , 6 3 4 , 7 1 1 (a) ( b ) , 7 1 2 ,
7 1 3 ( a ), 7 5 1 (a) (b ), 7 5 2 , 7 5 3 , 7 5 5 ; 4 8 U . S . C . 1 0 2 , 1 0 4 , 1 0 6 , 1 0 7 , 8 6 3 ,
8 7 0 , 1 3 4 4 , 1 3 4 9 , 1 4 0 5 y ; title 1 1 , D . C . C o d e , sec. 3 1 2 ; 6 9 S t a t. 1 7 2 ;
J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 4 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 6 ,7 0 1 ,0 0 0

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

948

Appropriation (adjusted)_____ _____

6,356, 500

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

8,406,000

8,406,000
1955 actual

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees- ----------Number of employees at end of year:
Active judges____________________________
Retired and resigned judges_____________
01
07
12

Personal services: Permanent posi­
tions______ ________________ _______
Other contractual services___ _____
Pensions, annuities, and insurance
claims________________________________
Total obligations______________

_.

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

381
359

383
375

383
375

310
49

324
51

324
51

$6,319,093
8,959

$8,358, 500
12, 500

$8,358, 500
12, 500

27, 500

35,000

$13,215, 792

$15,053,000

$16, 708,000

- 7 , 709
2,917

- 7 ,0 0 0

-7 ,0 0 0

13,211,000

14,000,000

16, 701,000

35,000

6, 355, 552

8,406,000

8,406,000

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts_________ __________
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation (adjusted)___________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases________________________

1955 actual

1956 estimate

01

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation
_ . ___ ______________
Transferred (69 Stat. 240) to—
“ Salaries of supporting personnel, the
judiciary”
_____
“ Salaries and expenses, administrative
office United States courts”

$6,372, 500

Adjusted appropriation........................

6,356,500

$8, 406,000

$8,406,000
07
15

- 5 ,0 0 0
-1 1 ,0 0 0

1957 estimate

2,785
39
2, 773
2,802

3, 028
41
3, 010
3, 048

3,321
41
3,263
3,341

Personal services:
Permanent positions.____ __________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates________

$12, 943,148
138, 781
48,807
51,112

$14, 745, 710
153, 800
54,040
55,050

$16, 451, 700
153,800

Total personal services......... ..
_
Other contractual services____________
Taxes and assessments_______________

13,181,848
32,190
1, 754

15,008, 600
41,400
3, 000

16, 660, 550
44,450
3,000

13,215, 792

15,053,000

16, 708,000

Total obligations___________________ _
8,406,000

8,406,000

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______
1957 estimate

1,046,000

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES




1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Salaries (total obligations).__ . ___

1955 actual

Object classification

1956 estimate

55,050

T H E

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

49

J U D IC IA R Y

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES-----C o n tin u e d

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$14,000,000

$16, 701,000

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$3, 754, 899
317, 926

$3,860,000
307,140

$3,950,000
300,000

Total expenditures__________________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)____ ________ __
Obligated balance carried forward________

4,072,825

4,167,140

4, 250,000

13, 838
307,140

340.000
300.000

300,000

Total expenditures and balances___

4,393, 803

4, 807,140

4,550, 000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Appropriation_______________ __ _________
Transferred (69 Stat. 240) from—
“ Salaries of judges” _______ ______ _______
“ Fees of jurors and commissioners,
United States courts” - . .............. .............
“ Travel and miscellaneous expenses,
United States courts” ___________ _____

$12, 936, 000

Adjusted appropriation_______ . . .
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases
_________ ____________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

13, 211, 000

5,000
255,000
15,000
14,000,000

16, 701,000

398, 026

1, 046, 000
956,125

750, 000

13,609,026

Total budget authorizations avail­
able ______________ _____________

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations.______ ______

16,002,125

17, 451,000
[

t r a v e l

a n d

m is c e l l a n e o u s

e x p e n s e s

]

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

T ravel and

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations. _ ___
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
p r i a t i o n ._ __ _______ ________ ______
_
Out of prior authorizations____________

12, 251, 958

fee s

of

jur or s

996,000
956,125

50,000
700,000

12, 645, 490

15, 252,125

16, 701,000

2, 917
4,494
956,125

a n d

750,000

750, 000

13,609,026

Total expenditures and balances___

[

15, 951, 000

393,532

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). . _
O th e r ___
_ _ __ ______ ___________
Obligated balance carried forward________

13, 300, 000

16,002,125

17, 451,000

c o m m is s io n e r s

]

E x p e n s e s , U n ite d

S ta tes

C o u rts

114

F e e s o f J u ro rs a n d C o m m is s io n e r s , U n ite d S t a t e s C o u rts
F e e s o f ju r o r s a n d c o m m is s io n e r s : F o r fe e s , e x p e n s e s , a n d c o s ts
o f j u r o r s ( i n c l u d i n g m e a l s a n d l o d g i n g f o r j u r o r s in A l a s k a , a s p r o ­
v id e d b y s e c tio n 1 9 3 , title I I , o f th e A c t o f J u n e 6 , 1 9 0 0 , 31 S t a t .
3 6 2 ) ; c o m p e n s a t io n o f ju r y c o m m is s io n e r s ; a n d fe e s o f U n it e d
S ta te s c o m m issio n e rs a n d o th e r c o m m ittin g m a g istr a te s a c tin g
u n d e r t itle 1 8 , U n it e d S t a t e s C o d e , s e c tio n 3 0 4 1 ; [ $ 4 , 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 ]
$ 4 ,2 5 0 ,0 0 0 .
(1 1 U . S . C . 2 0 3 ( b ) ; 2 8 U . S . C . 6 3 1 , 6 3 8 , 6 8 6 , 1 8 6 5 ,
1 8 7 1 ; 4 8 U . S . C . 2 5 , 8 6 7 ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 4 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0

M is c e lla n e o u s

T r a v e l a n d m i s c e l la n e o u s e x p e n s e s : F o r n e c e s s a r y t r a v e l a n d
m i s c e l la n e o u s e x p e n s e s , n o t o t h e r w i s e p r o v i d e d f o r , i n c u r r e d b y t h e
J u d i c i a r y , i n c l u d in g t h e p u r c h a s e o f f u r n i t u r e w ith o u t reg a r d to the
A c t o f A u g u s t 7 , 1 9 5 3 ( 6 7 S ta t. 4 3 9 , 4 0 U . S . C . 4 8 3 b ) , f i r e a r m s a n d
a m m u n i t i o n , t h e c o s t o f c o n t r a c t s t a t i s t i c a l s e r v i c e s f o r t h e o ffic e
o f R e g is te r o f W ills o f th e D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia a n d n o t to e x c e e d
$ 1 , 0 0 0 f o r t h e p a y m e n t o f f e e s t o a t t o r n e y s a p p o i n t e d in a c c o r d a n c e
w i t h t h e A c t o f J u n e 8 , 1 9 3 8 ( 5 2 S t a t . 6 2 5 ) , n o t e x c e e d i n g $ 2 5 in
a n y o n e ca se , [ $ 2 , 2 7 6 , 7 5 0 ] $ 2 ,8 2 4 ,4 0 0 : P r o v id e d , T h a t th is s u m
s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e , in a n a m o u n t n o t t o e x c e e d [ $ 8 , 5 0 0 ] $ 1 7 , 5 0 0 f o r
e x p e n se s o f a tte n d a n c e a t m e e tin g s co n cern ed w ith th e w o r k o f
F e d e r a l P r o b a tio n w h e n in c u rre d o n th e w r itte n a u th o r iz a tio n o f
t h e D i r e c t o r o f t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O ffic e o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s
C o u rts.
(5 U . S . C . 5 5 a , 73b ( 2 - 3 ) , 8 3 5 - 8 4 2 ; 1 8 U . S . C . 7 2 6 ;
2 8 U . S . C . 4 5 6 , 6 0 4 , 6 0 4 a , 6 3 9 , 9 6 1 , 9 62' 1 9 1 5 b ; 4 8 U . S . C . 1 0 2 ,
,
8 6 3 , 1 4 0 5 y ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 2 ,2 7 6 ,7 5 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 2 ,8 2 4 ,4 0 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$2,276,750

$2,824, 400

2, 276, 750

2,824, 400

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$756, 958
21, 565
244,677
76,845
4, 699
125, 642
23, 033
29,863

$900,000
25, 000
272.000
85,000
6, 550
138, 000
33,400
35,800

$1,344,800
28,875
306, 250
94.000
6, 550
139,800
39, 400
35,800

300
133, 527

1,000
138,000.

1,000
145, 725

83, 637
64, 478
256,242

123.000
107, 000
132, 000
280.000

152, 700
172, 500
64.000
293, 000

1,821, 466

2, 276, 750

2,824,400

Program by activities:
Travel and miscellaneous expenses (total
obligations)_____________ _____ ____ _____

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 4 ,2 5 0 ,0 0 0

$1,821,466

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

Appropriation (adjusted)__________
1955 actual

1956 estimate

8,534
1,830,000

1957 estimate
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Program by activities:
Fees, expenses, and costs (total obliga­
tions).
_____________________________

$4,061,162

$4,160,000

$4,250,000

Object classification

1955 actual

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

13,838

340,000

Appropriation (adjusted)...................

4,075,000

4,500,000

4,250,000

05
06
07

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification
01

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

15

Personal services: Fees, United States
commissioners.. ____________________
Other contractual services: Fees:
Jury commissioners_________________
Grand jurors_________________________
Petit jurors____________ ____________
Taxes and assessments________________

$582,200

$580,000

$580,000

8,200
554,473
2,908, 489
7,800

8,500
556, 500
3,005, 000
10,000

8,500
556,500
3,095,000
10, 000

Total obligations.................... ................

07

02
03
04

4, 061,162

4,160,000

08
09

Travel_________________________________
Transportation of th in g s .......................
Communication services_________
Penalty m ail________________________
Kents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Transcripts ordered by court_______
Attorneys’ fees, Commission on
Mental
Health,
District
of
Columbia__________ _____ _________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment:
General office________________________
Furniture.
___________ _______ __
Lawbooks, accessions.._______ ______
Lawbooks, continuations_______ __ .

4, 250,000

Total obligations.

______________

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$2,276,750

$2,824,400

1957 estimate
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

$4,250,000

$4,330,000

Adjusted a p p r o p r ia t i o n ._________
Obligated balance brought forward........... ..
Increase in prior year obligations_________

4,075,000
309,426
9,377

4,500,000
307,140

4, 250,000
300,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able............... ...........................................

4,393,803

4,807,140

4,550,000




$1,845, 000

Adjusted appropriation_____________
Obligated balance brought f o r w a r d ..___
Increase in prior year obligations..............

1,830,000
229, 747
4,000

2, 276, 750
254, 588

2,824, 400
227, 500

Total budget authorizations avail­
able__________ _____ __ _ _

$4,500,000

Appropriation _ _ _______________ _______
Transferred to “ Salaries of supporting
personnel, the judiciary” (69 Stat. 240) . .

Appropriation_____________________________
Transferred to “ Salaries of supporting
personnel, the judiciary” (69 Stat. 240)..

2, 063, 747

2, 531,338

3,051, 900

-1 5 ,0 0 0

-255 ,0 0 0

50

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND
OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES— Continued
|[t r a v e l

and

m is c e l l a n e o u s

expenses

Y E A R

1957

C o n tin u e d

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$555, 125

$568,500

$713,500

39, 657

34,250
49,406

2,250
37, 750

594, 782

652,156

753, 500

] — c o n tin u e d
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

T r a v e l a n d M is c e lla n e o u s E x p e n s e s , U n ite d S ta te s C o u rts— C o n .
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations. ___________

1,571,769
228, 856

2, 049, 250
254, 588

2, 574, 400
227, 500

Total expenditures _________________
Unobligated balance no longer available
__________
(expiring for obligation)___
Obligated balance carried fo rw a rd .............

1,800, 625

2, 303,838
227, 500

2, 063, 747

2, 531,338

3,051, 900

1,469
484
49,406

40,000

40, 000

646,141

692,156

793, 500

250,000

Total expenditures and balances___

Total expenditures_______ __________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation) _ _ _
O th e r _____________________ _____________
Obligated balance carried forward________

2, 801, 900

8, 534
254,588

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations_________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation_________ ______ ______________ _
Out of prior authorizations_____________

[ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES COURTS]
S a la r ie s
and
C o u rts

E xp en ses,

A d m in is tr a tiv e

O ffic e ,

U n ite d

S ta te s

A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O ffice o f the U n i t e d S ta te s C o u r t s : F o r n e c e s s a r y
e x p e n s e s o f t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O ff ic e o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s C o u r t s ,
in c lu d in g t r a v e l, a d v e r t is in g , a n d r e n t in t h e D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
and
e ls e w h e r e ,
[ $ 6 0 6 ,2 5 0 ]
$ 7 5 3 ,5 0 0 .
(2 8
U. S.
C. 6 0 1 -6 0 6 ;
J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 6 0 6 ,2 5 0

Total expenditures and balances___

A ir

C o n d itio n in g C o u r tr o o m s ,
S ta te s C o u rts

O ffic e s ,

and

O th e r

R oom s,

U n ite d

A i r c o n d i t i o n i n g c o u r t r o o m s , o ffic e s , a n d o th er r o o m s a s s i g n e d f o r
the u s e o f c o u r ts o f a p p e a l s a n d d is t r ic t c o u r ts i n f e d e r a l l y o w n e d
b u ild in g s :
F o r the p u r c h a s e a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o f a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g
u n i t s i n c o u r t r o o m s , o ffic e s , a n d o th er r o o m s , a s s i g n e d f o r the u s e o f
c o u r ts o f a p p e a l s a n d d is t r ic t c o u r ts i n f e d e r a l l y o w n e d b u il d in g s
o u ts i d e the D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a , u p o n a u t h o r i z a t i o n o f the D i r e c t o r ,
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O ffice o f the U n i t e d S t a te s C o u r t s , p u r s u a n t to s e c t i o n
6 0 4 (a) ( 1 1 ) o f title 2 8 , U n i t e d S t a te s C o d e , $ 1 , 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 .
E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 7 5 3 ,5 0 0

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Salaries and expenses (total obligations) _

$604,531

$642,750

$753, 500

Program by activities:
Purchase and installation of air-condi­
tioning units (total obligations)_______

$1,500,000

Financing:
Appropriation____ ___________________

1,500,000

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation (adjusted)............ .......
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases_ ____ _________________
_

1,469
606,000

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

606, 250

753,500

36, 500

07

Other contractual services— 1957, $1,500,000.
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

02
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

119
1
113
115

137
1
132
134

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base____
Payment above basic rates_________

$538,823
3,018
2,030
1,442

$572,700
3,000
2,100

Total personal services.......... ..........
Travel__________________________________
Communication services__________
Penalty m ail_________________________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and r e p ro d u c tio n ..._______
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent______________________ ______
Taxes and assessments______ _________

545,313
10, 255
6,205
5, 722
13,164
8,138
2, 784
7, 973
3, 633
1,344

577,800
12,000
6, 500
6,000
13, 200
9,000
2, 850
8,000
6,000
1,400

671,050
13,200
7,100
6,000
17,200
9,300
2,850
8,400
17, 000
1, 400

604, 531

642, 750

753, 500

$1,500,000

$668,050
3,000

Total obligations....................... ..............

01

117
1
114
114

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of current author­
izations) __________________________________

[S A L A R IE S

1,500,000

OF

r e fer ee s

]

S a la r i e s o f R e f e r e e s , U n i t e d S t a t e s C o u r t s
( I n d e fi n i t e a p p r o p r i a t i o n , s p e c ia l a c c o u n t )
S a l a r i e s o f r e f e r e e s : F o r s a la r ie s o f r e fe r e e s a s a u t h o r i z e d b y t h e
A c t o f J u n e 2 8 , 1 9 4 6 , a s a m e n d e d (1 1 U . S . C . 6 8 ) , n o t t o e x c e e d
[ $ 1 , 1 5 1 , 4 0 0 ] $ 1 , 2 3 3 , 5 0 0 , t o b e d e r iv e d f r o m t h e r e f e r e e s ’ s a l a r y
f u n d e s t a b l i s h e d in p u r s u a n c e o f s a i d A c t .
(J u d ic ia ry A p p r o p r ia ­
tio n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , a $ 1 ,2 2 1 ,4 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,2 3 3 ,5 0

« Includes $70,000 appropriated in Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1956.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

AMOUNTS AVAILABLE FOR APPROPRIATION

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$2, 759,278
1,646,500

$3,186,811
1,750,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
Transferred from ‘ ‘ Salaries of judges” (69
Stat. 240^___________ _____ ________ _____ -

$595,000

Adjusted appropriation_____________
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases
________
____________________
Obligated balance brought forward......... ..

606,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________




$753,500

606, 250

753,500

11,000

40,141

36, 500
49, 406
692,156

793,500

$2,123,519
1,748,541
10, 218

2,433

4,444

3,882, 278
1,123,000

4, 408,211
1,221,400

4,941, 255
1,233, 500

Unappropriated balance carried
forward____________________________

2, 759, 278

3,186,811

3, 707,755

40,000

646,141

Unappropriated balance brought forward.
Receipts_______________________ ______ _____
Unobligated balance returned to unappro­
priated receipts_______________ __________
Total available for appropriation___
Deduct appropriation or estimate...... ..........

$606,250

TH E

PR O G R AM

AND

F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Salaries of referees (total obligations)___

51

J U D IC IA R Y

PR O G R AM A N D F IN A N C IN G ----- c o n t i n u e d .

1956 estimate

$1,221,400

$1,233,500

$1,118,556

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer avail­
able__________ ____________________ _____

1955 actual

1957 estimate
Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation). ____________

Appropriation..................... ......................

1,221,400

1,123, 000

BY

$1,968,600

95,000

BY

OBJE CTS

1956 estimate
76
45
120
165

76
45
120
165

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____

$748, 897
367, 659

$854, 200
364, 600

$866,300
364,600

Total personal services _ _________
Other contractual services____________

1,116, 556
2,000

1, 218, 800
2,600

1,230. 900
2, 600

Total obligations......... .................... _ . .

1,118, 556

1,221,400

1, 233,500

1955 actual

1957 estimate

286
60
337
403

324
56
374
425

364
56
420
465

$965,649
172,588
4,035
1,485

$1,177,350
171,000
5,000
1, 650

$1,341, 950
171,000

Transportation of things.............. ............
Communication services______________
Penalty mail................. ............................
Rents and utility services...... ................
Printing and reproduction.............. .......
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials..............................
Equipment____________ _____ ______ ____
Taxes and assessments____ _____ ______

1,143, 757
37,719
4,696
32,883
99, 700
58,604
21, 546
16,470
42, 515
38, 695
1, 211

1,355,000
42,000
4,000
35,000
115,000
60,000
21, 500
20,000
42,000
50,000
1,000

1, 514, 600
50, 000
6,000
40,000
125,000
65,000
25,000
20,000
52,000
70,000
1,000

1,497,796

1,745, 500

1,968,600

1957 estimate

67
49
113
157

1956 estimate

Total obligations............... .....................

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions_____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions .
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

07

$1,650,500

OBJECTS

Object classification
Object classification

01

1,503,125

1,233, 500
O B L IG A T IO N S

O B L IG A T IO N S

1957 estimate

$5,329

Appropriation_____
_______________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases _________________________

4,444

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

$1,123,000
3.163

$1,221,400
22, 397

$1,233, 500
25,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

1,126,163

1, 243, 797

1,196, 400
22,397

1,208, 500
25,000

01

Personal services:
Permanent positions____ __________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Total personal services____________

03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

1,258, 500

1,096,159
3,163

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees. _______
Num ber of employees at end of year______

B U D G ET

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

1955 actual

AND

1, 650

BALANCES

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1, 503,125

$1,650, 500

$1,968,600

92,803

95,000
159,784

150,000

1,595,928

1,905,284

2,118,600

1,339,214

1, 508, 700

1,818,600

90, 254

86,800
159, 784

8,200
141,800

1,429,468

1, 755, 284

1,968,600

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations______________
Total expenditures__________________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation) _ ____. ________
Obligated balance carried forward________
Total expenditures and balances___

25, 000

4,444
22,397
1,126,163

[

expenses

of

1,233, 500
25,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

1, 243, 797

1,099,322

Appropriation______________ _______________
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases. . . ________________________________
Obligated balance brought forward...........

1,258, 500

1,218, 797

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation________ _______________________
Out of prior authorizations..........................

referees]

E x p e n s e s o f R e fe r e e s , U n ite d S ta te s C o u rts
( I n d e f i n i t e a p p r o p r i a t i o n , s p e c ia l a c c o u n t )
E x p e n s e s o f r e fe r e e s : F o r m is c e lla n e o u s e x p e n s e s o f r e fe r e e s,
U n i t e d S t a t e s c o u r t s , i n c l u d i n g t h e s a l a r i e s o f t h e i r c le r ic a l a s s i s t a n t s ,
t r a v e l, p u r c h a s e o f e n v e lo p e s w ith o u t r e g a r d t o t h e A c t o f J u n e 2 6 ,
1 9 0 6 (3 4 S ta t. 4 7 6 ) , n o t to e x c eed [ $ 1 ,6 5 0 ,5 0 0 ] $ 1 ,9 6 8 ,6 0 0 , to b e
d e r iv e d f r o m t h e r e fe r e e s ’ e x p e n s e fu n d e s t a b lis h e d in p u r s u a n c e o f
t h e A c t o f J u n e 2 8 , 1 9 4 6 , a s a m e n d e d ( 1 1 U . S . C . 6 8 (c ) ( 4 ) ) .
( 1 1 U . S . C . 1 0 2 (a) ( 2 ) ; J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 ,6 5 0 ,5 0 0

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,9 6 8 ,6 0 0

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). . _
Other_____________________________________
Obligated balance carried forw ard -............
Total expenditures and balances___

5,329
1,347
159, 784

150, 000

150,000

1, 595,928

1,905, 284

2,118, 600

M is c e lla n e o u s
M i s c e l l a n e o u s A c c o u n t s , U n i t e d S t a te s C o u r t s
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

AM OUNTS

A V A IL A B L E

FO R

A P P R O P R IA T IO N

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1, 710,977
1,889,500

$1,952,057
1,986,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Unappropriated balance brought forward.
R eceipts... ___________ ____ ______ ________
Unobligated balance returned to unappro­
priated receipts_______________ _____ _____

$1,394, 621
1,803,698
15, 783

2,080

5,329

Total available for appropriation___
Deduct appropriation or estimate-------------

3, 214,102
1,503,125

3,602,557
1, 650,500

3,943,386
1,968,600

1, 710, 977

1, 952,057

1,974, 786

Unappropriated balance carried
forward____________________________

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:

3 6 0 0 0 0 — 5 6 --------- 4




$14,197

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures (out of prior authoriza­
tions) :
“ Fees of commissioners, United States
courts” _________________________________
“ Fees of jurors, United States courts” . .
“ Miscellaneous expenses, United States
courts” . _______ __ ___________________
“ Salaries of court reporters, United
States courts” __ . . ___________________
“ Travel expenses, United States courts” .

-4 1 7
-3 2
3,374
260
-3

$1,497,796

$1, 745,500

$1,968,600

Total expenditures. ______________
Balance no longer available (other than
unobligated, expiring for obligation)------

11, 015

Total expenditures and balances___

1955 actual

Miscellaneous expenses of referees (total
obligations)....................................................

Obligated balance brought forward______

3,182

14,197

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

52

TH E

B U D G E T

R E V O L V IN G

FO R

A N D

F IS C A L

Y E A R

M A N A G E M E N T

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS
SUPREM E

COURT

OF

TH E

U N IT E D

1957

F U N D S

B U D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

STATES

1955 actual

AND B A LA N C E S

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$5,475

$5,300

$5,500

5,475

5,300

5, 500

5, 475
5,475

5.300
5.300

5,500
5, 500

A d v a n c e s a n d R e im b u r s e m e n ts , S u p r e m e C o u rt
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
O P E R A T IO N S

AND

F I N A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)_________ _______
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Operations by activities:
1. Communication services_____________
2. Equipm ent___________________________

$5,404
71

$5,300

$5, 500

Total obligations____________________

5,475

5,300

5, 500

5,404

5,300

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from—
Other accounts________________________
Non-Federal sources (40 U . S. C.
481 (c))----------------------------------------------Total financing..............................._ _.

Funds applied to operations_______________
EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Funds applied to operations_________ _____
Funds provided by operations___ _____ __
N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
fund_______ _______ _______________

71
5,475

5,300

5, 500

G E N E R A L

P R O V IS IO N S

GENERAL PROVISIONS— THE JUDICIARY

U n i t e d S t a t e s f r o m a n y f u n d s in t h e T r e a s u r y t o t h e c r e d i t o f t h e
D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia .

S e c . 3 0 2 . S i x t y p e r c e n t u m o f t h e e x p e n d itu r e s fo r t h e D is t r ic t
C o u r t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s f o r t h e D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a f r o m a ll
a p p r o p r ia tio n s u n d e r th is t it le a n d 3 0 p e r c e n t u m o f th e e x p e n d itu r e s
fo r t h e U n it e d S t a t e s C o u r t o f A p p e a ls fo r th e D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
f r o m a ll a p p r o p r i a t i o n s u n d e r t h i s t i t l e s h a ll b e r e i m b u r s e d t o t h e
P R O P O S E D

F O R

Sec. 303.

T h e r e p o r ts o f t h e U n it e d S t a t e s C o u r t o f A p p e a ls fo r

t h e D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a s h a ll n o t b e s o l d f o r a p r i c e e x c e e d i n g t h a t
ap proved

by

th e

co u rt a n d fo r n o t m o re th a n

L A T E R

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____________________________ __




B A L A N C E S ----- C o n t i n u e d

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations________
Out of prior authorizations___________

$202,500

$22, 500

Total expenditures_______________
Obligated balance carried forward_____

202, 500
22, 500

22, 500

22,500

Total expenditures and balances _

225, 000

22, 500

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation___
______ _________________
Obligated balance brought forward _____

AND

1955 actual
1957 estimate

p e r v o lu m e .

T R A N S M IS S IO N
B U D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T I O N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

T r a v e l a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s E x p e n s e s , U n i t e d S t a te s C o u r t s

$ 6 .5 0

(.J u d i c i a r y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

$225,000

225,000

$22,500




E X E C U T I V E

O F F I C E

O F

T H E

P R E S I D E N T

SUMMARY OF BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
1 9 5 5 a ctu a l

N EW

O B L IG A T IO N A L

1 9 5 6 e s tim a te

1 9 5 7 e s tim a te

A U T H O R IT Y

E n a c t e d or r e c o m m e n d e d in t h is d o c u m e n t :
C u rre n t a u th o r iz a tio n s :
A p p r o p r i a t i o n s ____ ___

____________ _________ ___________________ ___________

R e a p p r o p r i a t i o n s ____

____ ______________ ___

__

_

_

$8, 466, 8 1 4

$10, 097, 700

$10, 424, 475

10, 0 9 7 , 7 0 0

10, 4 2 4 , 4 7 5

66, 000

____ _________ ___________

T o t a l n e w o b l i g a t i o n a l a u t h o r i t y e n a c t e d o r r e c o m m e n d e d _______________

8, 532, 814

P r o p o s e d fo r la t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n :
A p p r o p r ia tio n s :

P a y i n c r e a s e c o s t s _________________

AND

OTH ER

__________ ______ ___

_______

G r a n d to ta l n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r it y _ _

BALANCES

__

AM O U N TS

__

__

_________

351, 575

_

8 , 532, 814

10, 4 4 9 , 2 7 5

10, 4 2 4 , 4 7 5

_______________

909, 976

645, 542

734, 690

_________ ___

_

A V A IL A B L E

B a la n c e s b r o u g h t fo r w a r d a t s t a r t o f y e a r f r o m —
A p p r o p r i a t i o n s e n a c t e d ____

_

__

__

_

_______ ___

__________ ___

A p p r o p r i a t i o n s p r o p o s e d f o r l a t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n ________

T o ta l

b a la n c e s a v a ila b le -

_

_____ ___

_______ ______

T o t a l b u d g e t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s a v a i l a b l e ________________

__________ ______

______________

__

__________ ___

14, 9 7 5

_______

645, 542

749, 665

9, 4 4 2 , 7 9 0

_______

909, 976

11, 0 9 4 ,8 1 7

11, 17 4 , 1 4 0

SUMMARY OF BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
1955
Obligated

1956

Unobligated

Obligated

1957

Unobligated

Obligated

1958

Unobligated

Obligated

Balances of prior authorizations for expenditure:
Appropriations enacted or recommended__________
Appropriations proposed for later transm ission___

$724,005

$185, 971

$549,133

$96,409

$694,690
14,975

$40,000

$778,464

Total balances available at start of year____ _____

724, 005

185,971

549,133

96,409

709, 665

40,000

778, 464

54




Unobligated

E X E C U T I V E

O F F I C E

SU M M A R Y

OF

O F

T H E

E X P E N D IT U R E S

AN D

P R E S I D E N T
BALANCES

1 9 5 5 a ctu a l

1 9 5 6 e s tim a te

1 9 5 7 e s tim a te

E X P E N D IT U R E S

F r o m n e w a u th o r iz a tio n s e n a c te d or r e c o m m e n d e d in th is d o c u m e n t :
O u t o f n e w o b l i g a t i o n a l a u t h o r i t y : C u r r e n t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s ____

_

_

_

$9, 650, 982

$9, 401, 241

_

F r o m a u th o r iz a t io n s p r o p o s e d fo r la te r t r a n s m i s s i o n :
O u t o f cu rren t a u th o r iz a tio n s:

P a y in c r e a s e c o s ts

_

O u t o f b a la n c e s o f p r io r e x p e n d itu r e a u th o r iz a t io n s :

336, 600

_

$8, 534, 505

P a y in c r e a s e c o s t s .

14, 9 7 5

__

O th e r e x p e n d itu r e s :
589, 071

B a la n c e s n o lo n g e r a v a ila b le .

.

N OT

_

10, 3 2 6 , 9 1 2

10, 3 8 0 , 0 1 6

262, 743

18, 2 4 0

15, 6 6 0

645, 542

734, 690

778, 464

_

N e t b u d g e t e x p e n d i t u r e s _______ ______________

BALANCES

714, 059

8, 534, 505

O u t o f b a la n c e s o f p r io r e x p e n d itu r e a u t h o r i z a t i o n s . _

EXPENDED

_____

_

____

B a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r in —
A p p r o p r ia t io n s e n a c te d o r r e c o m m e n d e d

.

.

A p p r o p r ia t io n s p r o p o s e d f o r la te r t r a n s m is s io n

.
_

T o t a l b a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r . .

N e t e x p e n d it u r e s a n d b a la n c e s

__

_

_

_

.

.

_

14, 9 7 5

_

645, 542

749, 665

778, 464

9, 4 4 2 , 7 9 0

11, 0 9 4 , 8 1 7

11, 174, 1 40

.

_

_

SUMMARY OF BALANCES NO LONGER AVAILABLE
1955 actual

Balances expiring and lapsing and adjustment of balances downward ( n e t ) ________________ ____




_______ ____________________ ____

$262, 743

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$18,240

$15,660

55

56

TH E

BUDGET

B U D G E T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

AND

Y E A R

1957

E X P E N D IT U R E S

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
Func­
tional
code
N o.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES

(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1957

1955

1956

1957

estimate

actual

estimate

estimate

1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

RECAPITULATION BY ORGANIZATION UNIT
Compensation of the President___________________________
The White House Office_________________________________
Special projects___________________ ___________________ __
Executive Mansion and Grounds_________________ _______
Bureau of the Budget____________________________________
Council of Economic Advisers..____ _____________________
National Security Council_______ ____________ _______
_
Office of Defense Mobilization___________________________
President’s Advisory Committee on Government Organi­
zation___________________________ ________ ___________
President’s Commission on Veterans’ Pensions...................
Committee on Retirement Policy for Federal Personnel

$150,000
1,895,000
372,197
3,388, 617
351.000
215.000
2,161,000

$150,000
1,882,500
1.250.000
366,200
3.349.000
325.000
240.000
2.175.000

4,000
120,000

$150,000
1,806,656

60,000

$17,575
210,000

$150,000
1.875.000
1, 500,000
383,775
3, 559,000
365, 700
248,000
2.283.000

47, 651

60,000
300.000

388,229
3,309,540
303,594
203,946
2,307,522

$150,000
1,882,180
1,125,000
442, 608
3, 589, 800
328, 797
241,020
2,214,924

$150,000
1.855.000
1.475.000
422,200
3, 548,100
364,100
247,996
2,257,620

62,583
290,000

60,000

17,367

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures________________________________________

8, 532,814

10,097,700

351, 575

10,424,475

8, 534, 505

10,326, 912

10,380,016

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Current authorizations
(Other than revolving and management funds)

Compensation of the President..
The White House Office:

603

$150,000

$150,000

$150,000

$150,000

$150,000

$150,000

Salaries and expenses.......... __

603
603

1,895,000

1,882,500
1,250,000

1, 875,000
1,500,000

1,806,656

1,882,180
1,125,000

1.855.000
1.475.000

603

372,197

366, 200

383,775

365, 432

383,785

382, 200

22, 797

58, 823

40,000

Special projects________________
Executive Mansion and Grounds:
Executive Mansion and G ro u n d s..___________ _________
Miscellaneous: Addition to Executive Mansion, and
improvements of Executive Mansion and G rounds....

$17, 575

603
372,197

366,200

17,575

383,775

388, 229

442, 608

422, 200

603

3, 388,617

3, 349,000

210,000

3, 559,000

3,309, 540

3, 589, 800

3, 548,100

603
603

285,000
66,000

325.000

365, 700

303, 594

328, 797

364,100

603

215,000

2 4 0 .0 0 0

248,000

203,946

241,020

247, 996

Total, Executive Mansion and Grounds.

Bureau of the Budget:
Salaries and expenses......... ......................................

Council of Economic Advisers:
Salaries and expenses__________________________
Reappropi iation_____________________________

National Security Council:
Salaries and expenses__________________________

4 ,0 0 0

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
Func­
tional
code
N o.

Organization unit and account title

FUNDS PROVIDED

(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless otherwise specified)

1955

1956

1957

(by operations)

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Intragovernmental funds
The White House Office;
Advances and reimbursements

.......................................... ........................-

603

$24,639

.............................................- -

603

986

....

603

11,081

$15,000

$15,000

...

603

70,765

20,000

20,000

107,471

35,000

35,000

Executive Mansion and Grounds:
Advances and reimbursements

Bureau of the Budget:
Advances and reimbursements

-

Office of Defense Mobilization:
Advances and reimbursements

-

..

Total revolving and management funds................... ............... ............




E X E C U T IV E

BUDGET

O F F IC E

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

OF

T H E

AND

57

P R E S ID E N T

E X P E N D I T U R E S — C o n tin u e d

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955

enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1955

1956

1957

actual

1957
estimate

estimate

estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT— Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
Office of Defense Mobilization:
603

$2,161,000

Total, Office of Defense Mobilization.

_

1,359

924

219
2,161. 000

________

President’s Advisory Committee on Government Organi­
zation .
_
- _____ ____
_ __
President’s Commission on Veterans’ Pensions:
Salaries and expenses
_. ...
Committee on Retirement Policy for Federal Personnel:
Salaries and expenses

$2,214,000

603

Salaries and expenses, Federal rent control activities,
Office of Defense Mobilization

$2, 269,829

603

___
_ _ ___ _ ___
Salaries and expenses._ __
Miscellaneous accounts:
Salaries and expenses, defense rental areas division,

$2,175,000

2,175,000

603

Total current authorizations other than revolving
and management funds _ ___________ ____ ________

$2,257,620

2, 283,000

2,271,407

2,214,924

2, 257,620

60,000

120,000

47,651

62, 583

60,000

300, 000

603

.

$2, 283,000

60, 000

603

$120,000

290, 000
17,367

8, 532, 814

10, 097, 700

351, 575

10,424,475

10,326,912

10,380,016

10,326,912
336, 600

10,380,016
14,975

9,990,312

10,365,041

336,600

8,498,390

14,975

10, 326,912

10,380,016

Revolving and management funds
Intragovernmental funds (see “ N et effect on budget ex­
penditures” in detail section below)____ _______

36,115

______
8, 532,814

Total_____________ ____ _______ __ ________________
Deduct anticipated pay increase supplementals . _____

10,097,700

351, 575

10,424,475

8, 534,505

351, 575
8, 532,814

Total enacted or recommended in this document

10, 424,475

10,097,700

8, 534, 505

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION
Under existing legislation
Anticipated pay increase supplementals (see above)_____

351, 575

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures_____
_________________ _ . . ___

8, 532, 814

10, 097, 700

351, 575

10,424, 475

8, 534, 505

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(I n c l u d i n g b u d g e t a u t h o r iz a t io n s th e re fo r fr o m t h e g e n e ra l fu n d )

FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title

1955

1956

1957

1955

1956

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Intragovernmental funds

$24,639

11,081

$15,000

$15,000

106,880

20,000

20,000

$36,115

143,586

35,000

35,000

36,115




The White House Office:
Advances and reimbursements
Executive Mansion and Grounds:
Advances and reimbursements
Bureau of the Budget:
Advances and reimbursements
Office of Defense Mobilization:
Advances and reimbursements
T o ta l revolv in g and m anagem ent funds

58

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

1957

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT

o b l ig a t io n s

C o m p e n s a tio n o f th e P r e s id e n t

by

o b jects

Object classification

F o r c o m p e n s a t io n o f t h e P r e s id e n t, in c lu d in g a n e x p e n s e a llo w ­
a n ce a t th e r a te o f $ 5 0 ,0 0 0 p e r a n n u m , as a u th o r iz e d b y th e A c t o f
J a n u a r y 1 9 , 1 9 4 9 (3 U . S . C . 1 0 2 ) , $ 1 5 0 ,0 0 0 .
( G en era l G overn m en t
M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 5 0 ,0 0 0

01

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 5 0 ,0 0 0

P R O G R AM

Y E A R

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

Personal services:
Permanent positions___ _______ _____
Positions other than permanent____
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal services.__
__ ______________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,514,177
50,000
105,823

$1,514,177
50, 000
104,823

$1,448,700
54,924
126,824

F IN A N C IN G

9,590

02
1956 estimate

1955 actual

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Compensation of the President (total
obligations)_____ ____ _____ _____________

$150,000

$150,000

$150, 000

Financing:
Appropriation.______________________

150,000

150,000

04
05
06
07
08
09

Total personal services______ __
Travel_________________________ ____
_
Traveling expenses of the President,
Communication services...... ....................
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________

1, 640,038
20,000
40,000
55,152
3,675
34,287
1,382
37,323
22,913

1,670,000
25.000
40.000
50.000
5,000
30.000
7,500
30.000
25.000

1, 669,000
25, 000
40.000
50.000
4, 000
30.000
7,000
30.000
20.000

Total obligations......... ...........................

AND

1,854,770

1,882,500

1,875,000

150,000

O B L IG A T IO N S

01

BY

B U D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

OBJECTS

B U D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AN D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

1955 actual

1957 estimate

$150,000

$150,000

$150,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

$1,895,000
88,615

$1,882,500
127,168

$1,875,000
127,488

1, 983, 615

2, 009, 668

2,002,488

1, 727, 601
79,055

1, 762,000
120,180

1, 732,000
123,000

1,806, 656

1,882,180

1,855, 000

40, 230
9,561
127,168

127,488

147,488

Total expenditures and balances___

1, 983, 615

2,009,668

2,002,488

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

150,000

150,000

150, 000

THE WHITE HOUSE OFFICE
W h ite

H ou se

O ffic e

S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y f o r T h e W h i t e
H o u s e O ff ic e , i n c l u d i n g n o t t o e x c e e d $ 2 1 5 , 0 0 0 f o r s e r v i c e s a s a u t h o r ­
iz e d b y s e c tio n 1 5 o f th e A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 (5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ), a t
s u c h p e r d i e m r a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l s a s t h e P r e s id e n t m a y s p e c i f y , a n d
o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s w it h o u t r e g a r d to th e p r o v is io n s o f la w r e g u ­
l a t i n g t h e e m p l o y m e n t a n d c o m p e n s a t i o n o f p e r s o n s in t h e G o v e r n ­
m e n t s e r v i c e ; e x p e n s e s o f a tte n d a n c e at m e e t i n g s ; n e w s p a p e r s , p e r i o d i ­
c a l s , t e l e t y p e n e w s s e r v i c e , a n d t r a v e l a n d o f f ic ia l e n t e r t a i n m e n t
e x p e n s e s o f t h e P r e s i d e n t , t o b e a c c o u n t e d f o r s o l e l y o n h is c e r t i f i ­
ca te ;
[ $ 1 ,8 8 2 ,5 0 0 ]
$ 1 ,8 7 5 ,0 0 0 .
(G enera l
G overn m en t
M a tters
A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 ,8 8 2 ,5 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,8 7 5 ,0 0 0
AND

F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Administration (total obligations) _ _

Total budget authorizations avail­
able______
_____________________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of current
authorizations)_______ ___________________

P R O G R AM

1957 estimate

Appropriation. ___________
___ . __ _ __
Obligated balance brought forward______

_ _______

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , T h e

1956 estimate

Total expenditures ________ _______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other_____ __ ______ __ ________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation__________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1, 882,500

$1,875,000

$1,854,770

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations.____________

SPECIAL PROJECTS
S p e c ia l P r o je c t s , T h e W h i t e H o u s e O ffic e
F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e ss a r y t o p r o v id e s ta ff a s s is ta n c e fo r t h e P r e s i­
d e n t in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h s p e c i a l p r o j e c t s , t o b e e x p e n d e d i n h is d i s ­
c r e tio n a n d w ith o u t re g a r d t o s u c h p r o v is io n s o f la w r e g a r d in g t h e
e x p e n d it u r e o f G o v e r n m e n t f u n d s o r t h e c o m p e n s a t io n a n d e m p lo y ­
m e n t o f p e r s o n s in t h e G o v e r n m e n t s e r v ic e a s h e m a y s p e c ify ,
[ $ 1 ,2 5 0 , 0 0 0 ] $ 1 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 : P ro v id ed , T h a t n o t to e x c e e d 10 p e r c e n t
o f th is a p p r o p r ia tio n m a y b e u s e d t o r e im b u r s e t h e a p p r o p r ia tio n
f o r “ S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s ” , T h e W h i t e H o u s e O ff ic e , f o r a d m i n i s ­
t r a t iv e s e rv ic e s .
(G enera l G overn m en t M a tters A p p r o p r ia tio n A c t ,
1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 ,2 5 0 ,0 0 0

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0

40, 230

Appropriation_______ ______ _________

1, 895, 000

1, 882, 500

1,875,000

PR O G R A M A N D F IN A N C I N G

1955 actual
PR O G R AM

AND

Object classification
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions_
Average number of all employees______ __
N um ber of employees at end of year______
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average sa la ry ____________ ________ __
Average grade_________ _______________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____




1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Staff assistance to the President_____ __

$1,250,000

$1, 500,000

Financing:
Appropriation________________________

1,250,000

1, 500,000

PERFORM ANCE

These funds provid e the President with staff assistance
and provide adm inistrative services for T h e W h ite H ouse
Office.
O B L IG A T IO N S

AND BALANCES

(Balances for June 30,1955, have not been certified under sec. 1311, 68 Stat. 800)

Personal services— 1955, $150,000; 1956, $150,000; 1957, $150,000.

BY

O BJECTS

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

260
12
272
289

267
2
270
270

267
2
270
270

$5,105
G S-7.1
$3, 241

$5, 282
G S-6.8
$3, 268

$5, 282
G S-6.8
$3, 268

P R O G R AM

AND

PERFORM ANCE

This fund is used b y the President for staff assistance on
special problem s w hich arise from tim e to tim e b u t cannot
be considered the responsibility o f an existing agency.
E xam ples of the typ e o f staff assistance provid ed during
the current year are p rojects on disarm am ent, coordin a­
tion o f public works planning, and the coordination o f
foreign econ om ic p olicy.

E X E C U T IV E

O F F IC E

OF

T H E

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

o b l ig a t io n s

1956 estimate

Average number of all em ployees.________
Num ber______
of employees at end of year
01
02
04
06
07
08
09
15

59

P R E S ID E N T

$828, 925
161,950
19, 200
21,400
95, 500
64, 500
9,155
46, 500
2,870

Total obligations____________________

$1,078, 855
171, 510
17, 200
23, 400
95.000
65.000
12, 960
30, 775
5,300

1,250,000

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent. _ __________________
Travel_______________ __________________
Communication services______________
Printing and reproduction__________ __
Other contractual services
_
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials. _ ____________
Equipm ent_______
- ________________
Taxes and assessm ents.............................

131
107

1, 500,000

objects—

Object classification

1957 estimate

77
109

by

01

03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

Personal services:
Permanent positions____ ___________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$242, 849
19,176
968
15,877

$264, 580
24, 945
2,086
7, 345

$266,666
24,945

278,870
7

298,956

298,956

145
30,890
125
14,100
34, 575
4,984

145
30,890
125
14,100
34, 575
4,984

383,775

383,775

Total personal services___. ______
Transportation of things___________ _
Communication services_________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction___ ________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent____ _______________ _____ ___
Taxes and assessments
___ _
Total obligations____________________

28,327
159
16, 535
47, 850
402
41
372,191

7,345

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$372,197

$366,200

$383,775

15,424

17,575
22,010

22,000

387,621

405, 785

405,775

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
$1,250,000
Obligated balance brought forward
______
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

$1, 500,000
125,000

1,250,000

1,625,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation____________ ________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases ___ _______________________ __ __ _
Obligated balance brought forward____

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total budget authorizations avail­
able______________________ _______

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations__________
Out of prior authorizations______________

1,125,000

Total expenditures _ _ I _ . ________
Obligated balance carried forward...............

1,125,000
125,000

1,475,000
150,000

Total expenditures and balances....

1,250,000

1, 625, 000

1,350,000
125,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations._
345, 785
350,181
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation_________________ ___________
16,000
Out of prior authorizations______________
22,000
15, 251

360,200
1, 575
20,425

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for ob ligation )...
Other.
________ ________________ __ _
Obligated balance carried forward________

6
173
22,010

22,000

23,575

Total expenditures and balances___

EXECUTIVE MANSION AND GROUNDS

365,432

387, 621

405, 785

405, 775

E x e c u tiv e M a n s io n a n d G r o u n d s
F o r t h e c a re , m a in t e n a n c e , r e p a ir a n d a lt e r a t io n , r e fu r n is h in g ,
i m p r o v e m e n t , h e a t in g a n d lig h t in g , in c lu d in g e le c tr ic p o w e r a n d
fix tu r e s , o f t h e E x e c u t iv e M a n s io n a n d t h e E x e c u t iv e M a n s io n
g r o u n d s a n d t r a v e lin g e x p e n s e s , t o b e e x p e n d e d a s t h e P r e s id e n t
m a y d e te r m in e , n o tw it h s t a n d in g t h e p r o v is io n s o f th is o r a n y o th e r
A c t, [ $ 3 6 6 ,2 0 0 1 $ 3 8 8 ,7 7 5 .
(3 U . S . C . 1 0 9 - 1 1 0 ; D . C . C ode 8 - 1 0 8
( 1 9 5 1 e d i t i o n ) ; G e n e r a l G o v e r n m e n t M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 6 6 ,2 0 0

383, 785

382,200

M is c e lla n e o u s
A d d i t i o n to E x e c u t i v e M a n s i o n ,
M a n sio n an d G roun d s

and

Im p ro v em en ts

of

E x e c u tiv e

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 3 8 3 ,7 7 5
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$20,148

$56,409

$40,000

-116 ,5 5 7
96,409

-9 6 ,4 0 9
40,000

-4 0 ,0 0 0

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Additions and improvements (total
obligations)........... .............. .........................

Program by activities:
Care, maintenance, and operation of
the Executive Mansion and the sur­
rounding grounds (total obligations) __

$372,191

$383, 775

$383,775

366,200

Financing:

383,775

Unobligated balance brought forwardUnobligated balance carried forward___

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available-

6

Appropriation. ................. ...... ..........
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases___ _____________________

372,197

Appropriation____________________
17,575
PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

These funds p rovide for the care, m aintenance, and
operation o f the E xecutive M ansion and the surrounding
grounds.

Funds available in this accou n t will be used for im ­
provem ents to the grounds of the W h ite H ouse and for
com pletion o f the interior o f the east wing o f the E xecutive
M ansion.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Total number of permanent positions........
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees................
Number of employees at end of year______

72
10
81
70

72
10
81
72

72
10
81
72

Average salaries and grades:
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$3,497

$3,767

$3,767




Object classification

1957 estimate
03
07
08
09
10

1955 actual

Transportation of things______________
Other contractual services_________
_
Supplies and materials______ ______
Equipm ent__________________
. _
Lands and structures_________________

$2
10, 733
5,448
3,965

Total obligations__________________

20,148

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$10,000
5.000
4.000
37,409

$10,000
5.000
4.000
21,000

56,409

40,000

60

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

F O R

M is c e lla n e o u s — C o n tin u e d
Im p ro v em en ts

of

E x e cu tiv e

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

EXECUTIVE MANSION AND GROUNDS— Con.
A d d i t i o n to E x e c u t i v e M a n s i o n , a n d
M a n s io n a n d G rou n d s— C o n tin u e d

F IS C A L

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Balance brought forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated. ___________ __ _ _ _ __ __

$116, 557
5,063

96,409
2,414

$40,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_________ _________________ _____

121, 620

98,823

40,000

40,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of prior authoriza­
_____ _
- tions)___
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
_ _ _ _
Obligated____
. . _ ______ _ _ _ _____

22, 797

58, 823

96,409
2,414

40,000

Total expenditures and balances___

121, 620

98, 823

40,000

1957

C o n tin u e d

p roposed E xecu tive orders and proclam ations are review ed
for the President.
3. Office oi management and organization.— Program s
and plans are developed for im proved G overn m en t o r­
ganization and procedures, and guidance is p rovid ed in
w ork o f the Bureau to im prove agen cy m anagem ent and
operations.
4. Office of statistical standards.— Proposed agency re­
porting plans and form s are review ed, and the G ov ern ­
m en t’s statistical activities, coverage, and m ethods are
coordinated and im proved.
5. Program divisions.— A gen cy program s, b ud get re­
quests, and m anagem ent activities are exam ined, app ro­
priations are apportioned, proposed changes in agency
functions are studied, and agencies are assisted in im prove­
m ent o f their adm inistration. R espon sibility w ith respect
to particular agencies is divided am ong five divisions: (a)
com m erce and finance, (b) international, (c) lab or and
welfare, (d) m ilitary, and (e) resources and civil works.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

BUREAU OF THE BUDGET

Object classification

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e B u r e a u o f
t h e B u d g e t , i n c l u d i n g n e w s p a p e r s a n d p e r io d i c a l s ( n o t e x c e e d i n g
[$ 2 0 0 ] $
) ; t e le t y p e n e w s s e r v ic e (n o t e x c e e d in g $ 9 0 0 ) ; n o t t o
e x c e e d $ 7 0 , 0 0 0 f o r e x p e n s e s o f t r a v e l ; e x p e n s e s o f a tten d a n c e at
m e e t i n g s c o n c e r n e d w it h the p u r p o s e s o f th is a p p r o p r i a t i o n a n d n o t
t o e x c e e d $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 fo r se r v ic e s a s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 15 o f th e
A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 (5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , a t r a te s n o t t o e x c e e d $ 5 0
p e r d ie m fo r in d iv id u a ls ; [ $ 3 , 3 4 9 , 0 0 0 ] $ 3 ,5 5 9 ,0 0 0 .
(3 1 U . S . C .,
1 -2 4 , 6 6 5 , 8 4 7 -8 4 9 , 8 5 2 ; 5 U . S . C . 46 e, 13 3 t, 1 3 9 -1 3 9 f, 8 3 5 - 8 4 2 ,
1 1 5 1 , 2 1 3 3 ; 39 U . S . C. 9 0 2 (g ); 4 0 U . S . C. 3 5 6 (e );
U . S . C. 2 2 0 ;
G e n e r a l G o v e r n m e n t M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

400

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions_
Average number of all employees. _ ______
Num ber of employees at end of year _ _
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary______ __ _____ ___
Average grade------------ ------------------------01

44

A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 ,3 4 9 ,0 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 3 ,5 5 9 ,0 0 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

Total obligations____________________

Appropriation
_ _ _
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases _ _ _ _ _ _______

$390,227
149, 655

$402, 400
162, 500

$397,000
155, 000

349.100
328, 887

367,500
327, 400

369, 400
328, IC
O

314,183
245, 332
347, 636
386, 789
406,171
467, 445

338, 000
260, 600
360, 700
408,600
426, 000
505, 300

339. 400
262, 600
363,200
414, 000
427,800
502, 500

3,385, 425

3, 559,000

3, 559, 000

1957 estimate

432
2
414
423

420
3
412
410

416
4
407
406

$7,131
GS-10.2

$7, 796
GS-10.4

$7,907
GS-10.4

$3,022,614
13,764
11,435
3,556

$3,194, 520
23,000
12,245
4,035

$3,192,465
28,000

5,722

2,700

3,057,091
59,951
1,481
40,497
129, 580
4, 254
41,456
31,985
17,435
1,695

3, 236, 500
65,000
2,000
41,000
130, 000
5,000
46, 000
25,000
7,000
1,500

3,224, 500
65,000
2,000
41,000
140,000
5,000
48,000
25,000
7,000
1, 500

3,385,425

3, 559,000

3, 559,000

3, 559,000

4,035

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

A p p rop riatio n .____ _______________ __
Proposed supplemental due to pay inc r e a s e s ...___
________ ____
_ _
Obligated balance brought forward. __ _ _

3,192
3,388, 617

3,349,000
210,000

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

The Bureau assists the President in the discharge of his
budgetary, management, and other executive respon­
sibilities.
1. Office of budget review.—Budget instructions and
procedures are developed, review of agency estimates is
coordinated, and the budget document is prepared.
2. Office of legislative reference.—Proposed legislation and
agency reports on pending legislation, enrolled bills, and




Total personal services______ _
_______
________
Travel____ _
Transportation of t h i n g s . . . ___ __ _ _
Communication services____
_ _ ___
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials_______________
Equipm ent____ ___________ _________
Taxes and assessments________________

1957 estimate

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available..

Personal services:
Permanent positions______ _____ __
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base____
Payment above basic rates
__
Other payments for personal serv­
ices.
_____________ __
__ .

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
1. Office of budget review__________ ___
2. Office of legislative reference_________
3. Office of management and organization._
_
_
_____________ _
4. Office of statistical standards.............
5. Program divisions:
(a) Commerce and finance___ . . .
(b) International_________ _____ __
(c) Labor and welfare______________
(d) M ilitary_______________________
(e) Resources and civil works______
6. Administration_________ __ _________

02
03
04
06
07

1956 estimate

1955 actual

08
09
15

Total obligations--------------

_ _______

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$3,388,617

$3,349,000

$3, 559,000

146, 462

210,000
221,883

191,083

3, 535,079

3,780,883

3,750,083

3,163,408

3,165,900

3,357,300

146,132

202,300
221, 600

7,700
183,100

Total expenditures__________________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)___
Other____
__
_ _ _______ _________
Obligated balance carried forward________

3,309, 540

3, 589,800

3, 548,100

3,192
464
221,883

191,083

201, 983

Total expenditures and balances___

3,535,079

3, 780,883

3,750,083

Total budget authorizations avail­
able__________________ ____________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations..
______
Out of anticipated supplemental ap­
propriation. _ __________
__ __ _ __
Out of prior authorizations__________ __

E X E C U T IV E

O F F IC E

OF

T H E

61

P R E S ID E N T

S t a te m e n t o f p r o p o s e d o b lig a tio n s f o r p u r c h a s e a n d h ire o f p a s s e n g e r m o to r v e h ic les f o r the f is c a l y e a r 1 9 5 7
B U R E A U OF T H E B U D G E T
Motor vehicles to
be purchased

Old vehicles to
be exchanged

Appropriation
Num ber

Gross
cost

Number

Allowance
(estimated)

Net cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
chased

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

Salaries and expenses, Bureau of the
Budget.

Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

$1, 080

C O U N C IL O F E C O N O M IC A D V IS E R S

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___ . _ __ ________ .
Average grade_____________ __
____
Ungraded positions: Average salary____
01

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 3 6 5 ,7 0 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Economic analysis (total obligations)___
Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$325,000

$365,700

$321, 656
29,344

__

325,000

365, 700

Personal services:
Permanent positions _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal serv­
ices _ __ _

o bjec ts—

c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$4, 239
GS-5.7
$9, 554

$4, 439
G S-6.2
$9,829

$4, 568
G S-6.2
$10,049

$247, 058
14, 443
949
5, 730

$230, 000
34, 000
1,000
6,000

$293, 000
12, 000
6, 000

6, 921

Total personal services_____ __
Travel____
__
_______ _____ ___
Transportation of things____ _____ ____
Communication services— __ _
Printing and reproduction_____ __ _
Other contractual services. __.
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials___________
Equipm ent____
_ _______ ___ _____
Taxes and assessments____ __________

275,101
4,040
27
4,172
8,665
999
22,369
2,182
2,861
1,240

271, 000
12,000

311, 000
12,000

5.000
14, 000
5, 000
14, 000
2.000
1,000
1, 000

5.000
14,000
5, 000
14, 000
2,200
1,500
1.000

Total obligations ___________________

02
03
04
06
07
08
09
15

285, 000
66,000

by

Object classification

S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r n e c e s s a r y e x p e n s e s o f t h e C o u n c i l in
c a r r y in g o u t its fu n c t io n s u n d e r th e E m p lo y m e n t A c t o f 1 9 4 6 (1 5
U . S . C . 1 0 2 1 ) , in c lu d in g n e w s p a p e r s a n d p e r io d ic a ls (n o t e x c e e d in g
$ 4 0 0 ) ; n o t e x c e e d in g $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 fo r e x p e n se s o f t r a v e l; ex p en ses o f
a tte n d a n c e a t m e e t i n g s c o n c e r n e d w ith the p u r p o s e s o f th is a p p r o p r i a ­
ti o n ; a n d p re ss c lip p in g s (n o t e x c e e d in g $ 3 0 0 ) ; [ $ 3 2 5 , 0 0 0 ] $ 8 6 5 ,7 0 0 .
( G e n e r a l G o v e r n m e n t M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 2 5 ,0 0 0

For transportation of officials and staff of the Bureau of the
Budget to departmental offices in Washington.

o b l ig a t io n s

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , C o u n c il o f E c o n o m ic A d v is e r s

Appropriation____________________
Reappropriation _ .
_

Users and public purpose

321, 656

325,000

365, 700

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

1955 actual

T h e C ouncil o f E con om ic A dvisers analyzes the national
econ om y and its various segm ents; advises the President
on econ om ic developm ents; recom m ends policies for eco­
n om ic grow th and stability; appraises econom ic program s
and policies o f the Federal G overnm en t; and assists in
preparation o f the annual econ om ic report of the President
to Congress.

Object classification

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year. __ _

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

32
3
32
32

33
1
31
35

35
1
35
35

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation. __ ________ ________
____
Reappropriation of prior year balance____
Obligated balance brought forward_______

$285, 000
66,000
10, 692

$325,000

$365, 700

19,397

15, 600

Total budget authorizations avail­
able ___
_________ _______ _____

361,692

344, 397

381, 300

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations _ _ _ __
Out of prior authorizations
___ ______

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

1956 estimate

302, 259
1,335

309, 600
19,197

348, 700
15,400

Total expenditures
_ ______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)...
Other___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
___ ________
Obligated balance carried forward________

303, 594

328, 797

364,100

29, 344
9,357
19, 397

15, 600

17, 200

Total expenditures and balances___

361, 692

344, 397

381,300

S t a te m e n t o f p r o p o s e d o b lig a tio n s f o r p u r c h a s e a n d h ir e o f p a s s e n g e r m o to r v eh ic le s f o r the fi s c a l y e a r 1 9 5 7
C O U N C I L OF E C O N O M I C A D V IS E R S
M otor vehicles to
be purchased

Old vehicles to
be exchanged

Appropriation
Num ber

Salaries and expenses,
Economic Advisers.




Council of

Gross
cost

Num ber

Allowance
(estimated)

N et cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
chased

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

1

Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

Users and public purpose

For transportation of officials and staff members of the Council
of Economic Advisers to departmental offices in Washington.

62

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

1957

C o n tin u e d

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

S a l a r i e s a n d E x p e n s e s , N a t i o n a l S e c u r i t y C o u n c il
S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e N a t i o n a l
S e c u r ity C o u n c il, in c lu d in g s e r v ic e s a s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 1 5 o f
t h e A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 ( 5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , a t r a t e s n o t in e x c e s s
o f $ 5 0 p e r d ie m fo r in d iv id u a ls ; a c c e p ta n c e a n d u tiliz a tio n o f
v o lu n ta r y a n d u n c o m p e n s a te d s e r v ic e s ; [p u r c h a s e o f o n e s ta tio n
w a g o n fo r r e p la c e m e n t o n l y ; ] a n d e x p e n s e s o f a t t e n d a n c e a t m e e t ­
in g s c o n c e r n e d w ith w o r k r e la t e d t o th e a c t i v i t y o f t h e C o u n c il;
[ $ 2 4 0 , 0 0 0 J $ @ 4 8 ,0 0 0 .
( 5 0 TJ. S . C . 4 0 % ; G e n e r a l G o v e r n m e n t M a t t e r s
A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 2 4 0 ,0 0 0

1957 estimate

$244,000

$248,000

240,000

28
27
28

28
27
28

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade________________ _______

$6, 777
GS-9.8

$7,236
G S-9.8

$7, 374
GS-9.8

$189,873

$203, 415
4,000
715
4,000

$209,230
4,000

200,637
1, 347
4,109
1, 790
1,157
2,065
1,995
1, 450

212,130
1, 500
4,100
2,000
1, 605
18, 065
2,000
2,600

217, 230
1, 500
4,100
2, 000
1,605
18,065
2,000
1, 500

214, 550

244,000

248,000

01

$214, 550

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation_____________________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases_____________ __________

02
04
06
07

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than p e rm a n en t_
_
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal services.
Total personal services________ _.
Travel____
________ __ _______________
Communication s e r v ic e s .._______ . .
Printing and reproduction______ ___
Other contractual services._ ------. . .
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials_________
Equipm ent_____________ ____ _____ _____

698
3,744
6,322

4,000

248,000

Program by activities:
Policy coordination (total obligations) __

1957 estimate

28
26
28

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 2 4 8 ,0 0 0

1955 actual

1955 actual

450

08
09

Total obligations........... .. ___

215,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

4,000

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$240,000
4,000
28,264

$248,000

272,264

279,244

209,256

216, 752

3, 500
28,264

500
30, 744

241,020

247,996

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

T h e N ation al S ecurity C ou n cil advises the President
w ith respect to the integration o f dom estic, foreign, and
m ilitary policies relating to the national security. T h e
C entral Intelligence A g e n cy is under the direction o f the
C ouncil. T h e C ouncil includes the President, the V ice
President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of D efense,
and the D irector of the Office of D efense M obilization.
O ther high officials attend m eetings or participate in
C ouncil actions as directed b y the President.
T h e C ouncil staff, financed from this appropriation,
perform s analysis, review , liaison, and secretariat fu n c­
tions for the C ou ncil and otherwise assists the C ouncil
in bringing abou t p olicy coordination.

Appropriation-___________ _________ _____
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases
Obligated balance brought forward____
Increase in prior year obligations_________
Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____ _________ _____ _________

$215,000
17,493
167
232,660

31,244

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations_________ _
186,296
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation___. . . ______ ____
_ _
Out of prior authorizations
___________ .
17, 650
Total expenditures________ __ . . . .
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)...... ........... ..........
Obligated balance carried forward________

203, 946
450
28,264

31,244

31,248

Total expenditures and balances___

232, 660

272,264

279,244

S t a te m e n t o f p r o p o s e d o b lig a tio n s f o r p u r c h a s e a n d h ir e o f p a s s e n g e r m o to r v e h ic les f o r the f i s c a l y e a r 1 9 5 7
*

N A T IO N A L S E C U R IT Y C O U N C IL
M otor vehicles to
be purchased

Appropriation
N um ber

Gross
cost

Old vehicles to
be exchanged

N et cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
Allowance
Number
(estimated) chased

Salaries and expenses, National
Security Council: Station wagon.

S a la r ie s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e O ffic e o f
D e fe n s e M o b iliz a t io n , in c lu d in g n e w s p a p e r s a n d p e r io d ic a ls (n o t
e x c e e d i n g $ 5 0 0 ) ; h ir e o f p a s s e n g e r m o t o r v e h i c l e s ; r e i m b u r s e m e n t o f
t h e G e n e r a l S e r v ic e s A d m in is t r a t io n fo r s e c u r ity g u a r d s e r v ic e ; a n d
e x p e n se s o f a tte n d a n c e a t m e e tin g s co n ce rn e d w ith th e p u rp o se s o f
th is a p p r o p r ia tio n ; [ $ 2 , 1 2 5 , 0 0 0 ] $ 2 ,2 8 3 ,0 0 0 , o f w h ic h [ $ 1 6 1 , 0 0 0 J
$
s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e I n t e r d e p a r t m e n t a l R a d i o A d ­
v is o r y C o m m it t e e : P ro v id e d , T h a t c o n tr a c ts fo r n o t t o e x c e e d e ig h t
p e rso n s u n d e r th is a p p r o p r ia tio n fo r t e m p o r a r y or in t e r m it te n t
se rv ic e s a s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 15 o f th e A c t o f A u g u s t 2, 1 9 4 6

140,000

and

exp en ses” ,

Users and public purpose

For Council courier service.

c a r r y in g o u t t h e p r o v is io n s o f s e c tio n 7 o f th e A c t o f J u n e 2 1 , 1 9 5 5
(P u b lic L a w 8 6 ) , $ 5 0 , 0 0 0 .]
(G enera l G overn m en t M a tters A p p r o ­
p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 ; S u p p l e m e n t a l A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s , O ffic e o f D e f e n s e M o b iliz a t io n




Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

1

OFFICE OF DEFENSE MOBILIZATION

(5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , m a y b e r e n e w e d a n n u a lly .
[ F o r a n a d d i t i o n a l a m o u n t f o r “ S a la r ie s

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

fo r

A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 2 ,1 7 5 ,0 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 2 ,2 8 3 ,0 0 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$2,027, 896

$2,165,340

$2,143,000

117, 320

129,660

140, 000

2,145, 216

2, 295,000

2, 283, 000

Program by activities:
1. Direction of defense mobilization
program_______ _____ . . . ______
2. Interdepartmental Radio Advisory
Committee______ ______ __
.
Total obligations_________________

E X E C U T IV E

O F F IC E

OF

T H E

o b l ig a t io n s

P R O G R A M A N D F IN A N C IN G ----- c o n t i n u e d !

1955 actual

1956 estimate

o bjects—

c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

AN D

1957 estimate

2,161, 000

$2,175,000

Taxes and assessments________________

$1,530

$2,250

$2,000

2,145,216

2,295,000

2,283,000

$2, 283,000
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

120,000

1955 actual
PR O G RAM

1956 estimate

Total obligations................... .................

$15, 784

Appropriation.______ _ ____________
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases _ ._ ______________ ____

by

Object classification

1957 estimate
15

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

63

P R E S ID E N T

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$2,161,000

$2,175,000

$2,283,000

364,367

120,000
122,980

195,750

2,525,367

2,417,980

2,478,750

1,983, 922

1,985,200

2,077, 530

285,907

114,800
114,000

5,200
174,890

Total expenditures_______________ _
2,214,000
2, 269,829
Balance no longer available:
15,784
Unobligated (expiring for obligations)._.
Other
___ _______ __ _ _______________
116,774
8,230
_______
122,980
195,750
Obligated balance carried forward

2, 257,620

PERFORM ANCB

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

1. Direction of defense mobilization program.— T h e
Office o f D efense M obilization directs and plans the n on ­
m ilitary m obilization effort, and coordinates all m ob ili­
zation activities of the executive branch o f the G ov ern ­
m ent. These activities include prod u ction , m anpow er,
stabilization, transportation, telecom m unications, and
the stockpiling o f strategic materials.
2. Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee.— Th e
C om m ittee advises the D irector concerning the alloca­
tion o f radio frequencies to G overnm ent stations and the
coordination and developm ent o f governm entw ide tele­
com m unications policies.

Appropriation-------------------------------------------Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases
__
_ _ _ _ _
_____
Obligated balance brought forward.............
Total budget authorizations available__________________ ____________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations______
Out of anticipated supplemental ap­
propriation. _________ _______
_______
Out of prior authorizations______________

Total expenditures and balances___

2,525,367

15, 660
205,470

2,417,980

2,478,750

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
M is c e lla n e o u s

Total number of permanent positions------Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees-------------Number of employees at end of year---------

292
7
246
266

260
11
244
250

238
10
236
240

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade. _. _
------ ---------Ungraded positions: Average salary------

$7,213
G S -9.9
$3,142

$7,734
G S-9.8
$3,437

$7,872
G S-10.1
$3,425

01

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09

$1,827, 291
136,730
7,174
10,000
8,350

$1,822, 518
128, 544

Total personal services-----------------Travel_______________________ _____ _____
Transportation of things______________
Communication services_____________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction------------------Photographing________________ _____ _
Other contractual services____________
Services performed b y other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment-------- ----------- ----------- --------- -

1,871,970
100, 230
293
47,715
726
19,489
1,309
40, 586
48, 245
10,461
2,662

1,989, 545
135, 240
750
50,190
750
25, 098
1,602
24, 998
43, 433
17,544
3,600

1,961, 062
134, 780
750
48, 200
1,350
25,772
1,640
42, 246
52,100
11, 500
1, 600

10,000

S t a te m e n t o f 'p r o p o se d o b l i g a ti o n s f o r p u r c h a s e a n d
O F F IC E O F D E F ]
M otor vehicles to
be purchased

Old vehicles to
be exchanged

Appropriation
Number

Gross
cost

Number

Allowance
(estimated)

N et cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
chased

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Obligated balance brought forward_______
$1, 765,540
75,636
6, 674
21, 249
2,871




BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent-----Regular pay above 52-week base____
Payment above basic rates_________
O ther payments for personal services_

Salaries and expenses, Office of D e­
fense Mobilization.

M i s c e l l a n e o u s A c c o u n t s , O ffice o f D e f e n s e M o b i l i z a t i o n

$8,836

$924

1,359

924

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures (out of prior authoriza­
tions) :
“ Salaries and expenses, defense rental
areas division, Office of Defense
Mobilization” ______ _____________
“ Salaries and expenses, Federal rent
control activities, Office of Defense
Mobilization” _________________________
Total expenditures_______________ __
Balance no longer available (other than
unobligated, expiring for obligation)____
Obligated balance carried forward________
Total expenditures and balances___

219
1,578

924

6,334
924
8,836

924

o f p a s s e n g e r m o to r v e h ic le s f o r the f i s c a l y e a r 1 9 5 7
M O B IL IZ A T IO N

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

3

Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

$600

Users and public purpose

Official transportation to and from meetings in Washington,
D . C ., with Members of Congress and other Government
officials; transportation to classified locations. Messenger
delivery of mail and supplies between Office of Defense
Mobilization’s 3 locations; the delivery of classified and
special mail in the Washington area.

64

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

PRESIDENT’S ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$60,000

$60,000

Program by activities:
$50,898

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES— COn.

E s t im a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 6 0 ,0 0 0

Staff services, administration, and
research (total obligations)___ ________

C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

F o r n e c e ssa ry e x p en ses o f th e P r e s id e n t’s A d v is o r y C o m m itte e o n
G o v e r n m e n t O r g a n iz a tio n , e s ta b lis h e d b y E x e c u t iv e O rd e r 1 0 4 3 2 o f
J a n u a r y 2 4 , 1 9 5 3 , in c lu d in g s e r v ic e s a s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 1 5 o f
t h e A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 (5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , a t r a te s n o t t o e x c e e d $ 5 0
p e r d ie m fo r in d iv id u a ls ; e x p e n s e s o f a t t e n d a n c e a t m e e tin g s c o n ­
c e rn e d w ith th e p u r p o s e s o f t h e C o m m it t e e ; a n d a c tu a l tr a n s ­
p o r ta tio n e x p e n se s a n d a n a llo w a n c e o f n o t t o e x c e e d $ 1 5 p e r d ie m
i n l ie u o f s u b s i s t e n c e w h i le a w a y f r o m t h e i r h o m e s o r r e g u l a r p l a c e s
o f b u s in e s s , f o r m e m b e r s o f t h e C o m m i t t e e a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s
s e r v in g
w ith o u t
c o m p e n s a tio n ;
$ 6 0 ,0 0 0 .
(G enera l
G overn m en t
M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

1955 actual

1957

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- c o n t in u e d

P r e s id e n t ’ s A d v is o r y C o m m it t e e on G o v e r n m e n t O r g a n iz a tio n

A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 6 0 ,0 0 0

Y E A R

Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)
_ _
_ __
Obligated balance carried forward________

$307
4,083

$1, 500

$1,500

52,041

Total expenditures and balances___

64,083

61,500

PRESIDENT’S COMMISSION ON VETERANS’
PENSIONS
S a la r ie s a n d
P e n s io n s

E xp en ses,

P r e s i d e n t 's

C o m m is s io n

on

V e te ra n s’

[ S a l a r i e s a n d e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y f o r a s p e c ia l
s tu d y o f th e v e te r a n s ’ c o m p e n s a tio n a n d p e n sio n s p r o g r a m , to b e
e x p e n d e d a s t h e P r e s id e n t m a y d ir e c t, $ 3 0 0 ,0 0 0 .]
{S u p p le m e n ta l
A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 0 0 ,0 0 0
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward - _
Unobligated balance no longer available.

- 5 1 , 205
307

1955 actual

Appropriation __________________

60,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

60,000

Program by activities:
Compensation and pension study (total
obligations).-- - - - - - - - - _ __

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

T h e President’s A d v isory C om m ittee on G overnm ent
O rganization advises the President and the D irector o f the
B ureau o f the B u dget in the identification o f m ajor
organizational and m anagem ent problem s and the devel­
opm ent o f proposed corrective actions b y means o f reor­
ganization plans for subm ission to Congress, E xecutive
orders, and other adm inistrative actions.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

1955 actual

Object classification

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions Average number of all employees-------------Number of employees at end of year_.

6
1
7
5

6
1
7
6

6
1
7
6

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
_____________________
Average salary.
________
Average grade. _ _

$6, 650
GS-8.5

$7, 768
GS-10.8

Personal services:
Permanent positions________ _ . . _
Positions other than permanent____

$36,949
8,828

$40,805
11,685

$47,480
5,010

Total personal services_______
Travel___
_________________________
Communication services..
_ __ __
Printing and reproduction_ __ _ _
Supplies and materialsEquipm ent___
___
___ __

45, 777
110
503
28
558
3,922

52,490
5,000
800

52,490
5,000
800

1 ,000
710

1,000
710

50,898

60,000

60,000

Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation__________ __

02
04
06
08
09

Total obligations____________

_ ___

1955 actual

Object classification

Average number of all employees.- Num ber of employees at end of year
______
01
02
04
06
07
08
09
15

Personal services: Positions other
___ __
than permanent __ _
Travel___ ______ ______ ___ - _
Communication services___ __ _ _ Printing and reproduction
_ _ _
_
Other contractual services_ - - __
_
Supplies and materials.
__ _ _ __
Equipm ent. _
___ __ __ ___
_
Taxes and assessments___
__ Total obligations________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$60,000

1,500

52,041

Expenditures—
Out of current au th orization s.-___
_
Out of prior authorizations - ___ _____
Total expenditures__________________




21
0

_________

290,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

64,083

61,500

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

47,651

58, 500
4, 083

58,500
1,500

47, 651

62. 583

60,000

1957 estimate

$205,000
4.000
2.000
6,000
70,000
1,000
500
1,500

1955 actual

$51, 205
836

1956 estimate

$60,000

4,083

1955 actual

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_______________ _ - - _______

300,000

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Appropriation ________ __
_
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated- _
______ __
Obligated_ ______ _________ - - _

10,000

__ __

The C om m ission on V eteran s’ Pensions was created b y
E xecutive Order 10588 to m ake a special stu dy o f the
veterans’ com pensation and pension program . T h e
President directed the C om m ission to review the struc­
ture, scope, philosophy, and adm inistration o f pensions
and related nonm edical benefits furnished under veteran s’
legislation to im prove the benefit structure and establish
an orderly and equitable relationship to other benefit
programs. This special stu dy is expected to be com pleted
before the end of fiscal year 1956.

$7, 913
GS-11.0

01

$290,000

Financing:

Appropriation_ __ .
_

___

______ ____

$300,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of current author­
izations)- _ _ ________ _______ __
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation). _________ _____
Total expenditures and balances

290,000
10,000
300,000

1957 estimate

E X E C U T IV E

O F F IC E

OF

COMMITTEE ON RETIREMENT POLICY FOR
FEDERAL PERSONNEL
S a la r ie s a n d E x p e n s e s ,
P erson n el

C o m m ittee on

R e tir e m e n t P o l ic y f o r

65

P R E S ID E N T

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Federal
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total expenditures (out of prior authori­
zations) _ _
_
___ _ _____
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation )...
Other___ _________ - _____________ _____

_

18, 209
39,446

Total budget authorizations avail­
able __ _________________________

75,022

$18,209
56, 813
75, 022

_
_

_
_
___

$17,367

Total expenditures and balances___

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Balance brought forward:
Unobligated
O blig ated___
__ _ _

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

A N D

M A N A G E M E N T

F U N D S

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Supplies and materials— 1955, $986.
TH E

W H IT E

H OU SE

O F F IC E

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

A d v a n c e s a n d R e i m b u r s e m e n t s , T h e W h i t e H o u s e O ffice

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

OPERATIONS AND FINANCING
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)____ _ _ _ ___

Operations by activities:
$24,639

Funds applied to operations___ __

Financing:

______ _________:_______________

_____

y86

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts

24,639

Funds applied to operations-_ _ ______ __
Funds provided by operations.__ _ . .

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

1955 actual

Object classification

$986

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Miscellaneous services to other accounts
(total obligations)
. _________ ___

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent _______ ____ ________
02 Travel
__ _________________________
Traveling expenses of the President.
04 Communication services,____________
06 Printing and reproduction
...............
08 Supplies and materials___ ___________

1956 estimate

986
986

Net effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
funds.
_ _ _ _
__________

1957 estimate

01

Total obligations

$7,668
4,875
8,980
403
1,724
989

BUREAU

OF

THE

BUDGET

A d v a n c e s a n d R e i m b u r s e m e n t s , B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
OPERATIONS AND FINANCING

24,639

_______ ________

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Operations by activities:
$6,400
8,600

$6, 400
8, 600

.

11,081

15,000

15,000

11,081

15,000

15,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

3
2
3

3
3
3

3
3
3

$5,933
G S-9.0

$6, 738
G S-9.3

$6, 738
GS-9.3

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___

$11,050
31

$14,945
55

$15,000

Total obligations__________________

1957 estimate

$3,081
8,000

Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts_________ ______ _______

1956 estimate

1. Labor and welfare division___________
2. Adm inistration.______ _________ __ __
Total obligations _ _ ____________

1955 actual

11,081

15,000

15,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations). _ _ _ ____ __ .
_

$24,639

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

24,639

Funds applied to operations______________
EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Object classification
24, 639
24,639

Funds applied to operations
_____
Funds provided by operations _____ ____ __

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
fund _ __________ ______
_ ______

E X E C U T IV E

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average sa la ry ____________________ __
Average grade.______________ _______ _

M A N S IO N

AND

1955 actual

01

GROUNDS

A d v a n c e s a n d R e im b u r s e m e n ts, E x e c u tiv e M a n s i o n a n d G r o u n d s
OPERATIONS AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

Operations by activities:
Miscellaneous services to other accounts.




1957 estimate

$15,000

$15,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts
__
______

1956 estimate

$986

986

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)._______________

$11,081

66

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

B U D G E T

A N D

FO R

F IS C A L

M A N A G E M E N T

Y E A R

F U N D S —

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS— Continued
BUREAU

OF

TH E

Object classification

B U D G E T — C o n tin u e d

$11,081

$15,000

$15,000

2
2
4
0

11,081
11,081

15.000
15.000

01

15.000
15.000
02
04
06

N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
fund______________ ______ __________

07
08
O F F IC E

OF

DEFEN SE

A d v a n c e s a n d R e i m b u r s e m e n t s , O ffice o f D e f e n s e M o b i l i z a t i o n

1

1

0

0

$9,780

$9,780

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Payment above basic rates_____ __ _

$18,379
22,848
132

_
_
Total personal services______
Travel_______________________________ ...
Communication services__________ _ _
Printing and reproduction____________
Photographing__________________ ____
Other contractual services_____________
Services performed b y other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________

41,359
20, 774
293
22
2
7,013
1,300
2

9, 780
10, 220

9,780
10, 220

70,765

20, 000

20,000

Total obligations______ ______________

M O B IL IZ A T IO N

1957 estimate

$7,193
G S-9.9

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Funds applied to operations___
Funds provided by operations..

1956 estimate

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary______________ ______ ____
Average grade__________________ ______

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Funds applied to operations......... .............

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all em ployees.__ ____
N um ber of employees at end of year______

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- C o n tin u e d

1956 estimate

C o n tin u e d
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

A d v a n c e s a n d R e i m b u r s e m e n t s , B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t — C o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

1957

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

OPERATIONS AND FINANCING

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1957 estimate
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)_________________
Obligated balance brought forward____ _
Increase in prior year obligations__________

1. Committee on Energy Supplies and
Resources Policy:
Department of Com m erce.......... ..
Department of Defense____________
Department of the Interior________
Department of Justice_____________
Department of Labor______________
Department of State_______________

Total obligations_________________

70, 765

20,000

20, 000

70, 765

20,000

20,000

16,156
$20,000

$20,000

20,010

20,000

106,880

20,000

20,000

106,890

20,010

20,000

Funds applied to operations_______________
Funds provided by operations____________

106,880
70, 765

20,000
20,000

20,000
20,000

N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of
the fund_______ _
______________

36,115

10
10

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

Financing:

G E N E R A L

P R O V IS IO N S

DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES, AND CORPORATIONS
S e c . 2 0 1 . U n le s s o th e r w is e s p e c ific a lly p r o v id e d , t h e m a x im u m
a m o u n t a l l o w a b l e d u r i n g t h e c u r r e n t f is c a l y e a r , in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
s e c tio n 1 6 o f t h e A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 (5 U . S . C . 7 8 ) , fo r th e
p u r c h a s e o f a n y p a s s e n g e r m o t o r v e h ic le (e x c lu s iv e o f b u s e s , a m b u ­
la n c e s a n d s t a t i o n w a g o n s ) , is h e r e b y f i x e d a t $ 1 , 3 5 0 .
S e c . 2 0 2 . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e s p e c if i e d a n d d u r i n g t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l
y e a r , n o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d in t h i s o r a n y o t h e r
A c t s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y t h e c o m p e n s a t i o n o f a n y o ffic e r o r e m p l o y e e
o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s ( i n c l u d in g a n y a g e n c y t h e
m a j o r i t y o f t h e s t o c k o f w h i c h is o w n e d b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e
U n i t e d S t a t e s ) w h o s e p o s t o f d u t y is in c o n t i n e n t a l U n i t e d S t a t e s
u n le s s s u c h p e r s o n ( 1 ) is a c i t i z e n o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , ( 2 ) is a
p e r s o n in t h e s e r v i c e o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o n t h e d a t e o f e n a c t m e n t
o f t h i s A c t w h o , b e i n g e l i g i b l e f o r c i t i z e n s h i p , h a d f ile d a d e c la r a t i o n
o f in t e n t io n t o b e c o m e a c itiz e n o f t h e U n it e d S ta t e s p r io r t o s u c h
d a t e , ( 3 ) is a p e r s o n w h o o w e s a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , o r
( 4 ) is a n a l i e n f r o m t h e B a l t i c c o u n t r i e s l a w f u l l y a d m i t t e d t o t h e
U n ite d S ta te s fo r p e r m a n e n t re sid e n c e :
P ro v id e d , T h a t fo r th e
p u r p o s e o f t h i s s e c t i o n , a n a f f i d a v i t s i g n e d b y a n y s u c h p e r s o n s h a ll
b e c o n s id e r e d p r i m a f a c i e e v i d e n c e t h a t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s
s e c t i o n w i t h r e s p e c t t o h is s t a t u s h a v e b e e n c o m p li e d w i t h : P r o v i d e d
f u r t h e r , T h a t a n y p e r s o n m a k i n g a f a l s e a f f i d a v i t s h a ll b e g u i l t y o f
a f e l o n y a n d , u p o n c o n v i c t i o n , s h a ll b e f i n e d n o t m o r e t h a n $ 4 , 0 0 0
o r i m p r i s o n e d f o r n o t m o r e t h a n o n e y e a r , o r b o t h : P r o v i d e d fu r t h e r ,
T h a t t h e a b o v e p e n a l c l a u s e s h a ll b e i n a d d i t i o n t o , a n d n o t in
s u b s t i t u t i o n fo r , a n y o t h e r p r o v is io n s o f e x is tin g la w :
P r o v id ed
f u r t h e r , T h a t a n y p a y m e n t m a d e t o a n y o ffic e r o r e m p l o y e e c o n t r a r y




106,890

Total expenditures and balances___

25, 989

Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts—. ______________________

$20,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total, Committee on Energy
Supplies and Resources Policy.
2. Health Resources Advisory Com ­
mittee, Selective Service System .
3. Miscellaneous services to other ac­
counts_______________________________

28,620

$20,000
10

Funds applied to operations_ __ _______
_
Balance no longer available (other than
unobligated, expiring for obligation)
Obligated balance carried forward________

$3,026
3,026
1,029
3.025
3.025
3.025

$70,765
9,404
26, 721

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ ________________ ______ _

Operations by activities:

to t h e p r o v is io n s o f t h is s e c tio n s h a ll b e r e c o v e r a b le in a c t io n b y
th e F ed eral G o v e rn m e n t.
T h i s s e c t i o n s h a ll n o t a p p l y t o c i t iz e n s
o f t h e R e p u b lic o f t h e P h ilip p in e s o r t o n a tio n a ls o f t h o s e c o u n tr ie s
a l l ie d w i t h t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s in t h e c u r r e n t d e f e n s e e f f o r t , o r t o t e m ­
p o r a r y e m p l o y m e n t o f t r a n s l a t o r s , o r t o t e m p o r a r y e m p l o y m e n t in
t h e f ie ld s e r v i c e ( n o t t o e x c e e d s i x t y d a y s ) a s a r e s u lt o f e m e r g e n c i e s .
S e c . 2 0 3 . A p p r o p r ia tio n s o f th e e x e c u tiv e d e p a r tm e n ts a n d in d e ­
p e n d e n t e s t a b lis h m e n t s f o r t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l y e a r , a v a ila b le fo r
ex p en ses o f tra v e l o r fo r th e ex p en ses o f th e a c tiv ity co n cern ed , are
h e r e b y m a d e a v a ila b le fo r liv in g q u a r te r s a llo w a n c e s in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith t h e A c t o f J u n e 2 6 , 1 9 3 0 (5 U . S . C . 1 1 8 a ) , a n d r e g u la t io n s
p r e s c r ib e d th e r e u n d e r , a n d c o s t -o f -liv in g a llo w a n c e s s im ila r t o th o s e
a llo w e d u n d e r s e c tio n 9 0 1 (2 ) o f t h e F o r e ig n S e r v ic e A c t o f 1 9 4 6 , in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith a n d t o t h e e x t e n t p r e s c r ib e d b y r e g u la tio n s o f t h e
P r e s i d e n t , f o r al] c i v i l i a n o f f ic e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t
p e r m a n e n t l y s t a t i o n e d in f o r e i g n c o u n t r i e s : P r o v i d e d , T h a t t h e a v a i l ­
a b ility o f a p p r o p r ia tio n s m a d e to t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f S t a t e fo r c a r r y ­
i n g o u t t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h e F o r e i g n S e r v i c e A c t o f 1 9 4 6 s h a ll n o t b e
a ffe c te d h e re b y .
S e c . 2 0 4 . N o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n fo r t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l y e a r
c o n t a i n e d i n t h i s o r a n y o t h e r A c t s h a ll b e p a i d t o a n y p e r s o n f o r t h e
f i ll i n g o f a n y p o s i t i o n f o r w h i c h h e o r s h e h a s b e e n n o m i n a t e d a f t e r
t h e S e n a te h a s v o t e d n o t t o a p p r o v e t h e n o m in a t io n o f s a id p e r s o n .
S e c . 2 0 5 . N o p a r t o i a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n c o n t a in e d in t h is o r a n y
o t h e r A c t f o r t h e c u r r e n t f i s c a l y e a r s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y in e x c e s s o f
$ 4 p e r v o lu m e fo r th e c u r r e n t a n d fu tu r e v o lu m e s o f th e U n ite d
S t a t e s C o d e A n n o t a t e d , a n d s u c h v o l u m e s s h a ll b e p u r c h a s e d o n c o n ­
d itio n a n d w ith t h e u n d e r s t a n d in g t h a t la t e s t p u b lis h e d c u m u la t iv e
a n n u a l p o c k e t p a r t s is s u e d p r io r t o t h e d a t e o f p u r c h a s e s h a ll b e fu r ­

E X E C U T IV E

O F F IC E

n i s h e d f r e e o f c h a r g e , o r in e x c e s s o f $ 4 . 2 5 p e r v o l u m e f o r t h e c u r r e n t
or fu tu r e v o lu m e s o f th e L ife t im e F e d e r a l D ig e s t .
S e c . 2 0 6 . F u n d s m a d e a v a ila b le b y th is o r a n y o th e r A c t fo r
a d m i n i s t r a t i v e e x p e n s e s in t h e c u r r e n t f i s c a l y e a r o f t h e c o r p o r a ­
tio n s a n d a g e n c ie s s u b je c t t o t h e G o v e r n m e n t C o r p o r a t io n C o n t r o l
A c t , a s a m e n d e d ( 3 1 U . S . C . 8 4 1 ) , s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e , in a d d i t i o n t o
o b j e c t s f o r w h i c h s u c h f u n d s a r e o t h e r w i s e a v a i l a b l e , f o r r e n t in t h e
D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a ; s e r v i c e s in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h s e c t i o n 1 5 o f t h e
A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 ( 5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) ; a n d t h e o b j e c t s s p e c if i e d
u n d e r t h i s h e a d , a l l t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f w h i c h s h a ll b e a p p l i c a b l e t o
t h e e x p e n d i t u r e o f s u c h f u n d s u n le s s o t h e r w i s e s p e c if i e d in t h e A c t
b y w h i c h t h e y a r e m a d e a v a i l a b l e : P r o v i d e d , T h a t in t h e e v e n t a n y
fu n c tio n s b u d g e te d a s a d m in is t r a t iv e e x p e n se s a re s u b s e q u e n t ly
tr a n s fe r r e d to o r p a id fr o m o th e r fu n d s , t h e lim ita tio n s o n a d m in is ­
t r a t i v e e x p e n s e s s h a ll b e c o r r e s p o n d i n g l y r e d u c e d .
S e c . 2 0 7 . N o p a r t o f a n y fu n d s o f o r a v a ila b le to a n y w h o lly o w n e d G o v e r n m e n t c o r p o r a t i o n s h a ll b e u s e d f o r t h e p u r c h a s e o r
c o n s t r u c t i o n , o r in m a k i n g l o a n s f o r t h e p u r c h a s e o r c o n s t r u c t i o n
o f a n y o ffic e b u i l d i n g , w i t h o u t s p e c if i c a u t h o r i t y in l a w t h e r e f o r ,
p r im a r ily fo r o c c u p a n c y b y a n y d e p a r t m e n t or a g e n c y o f t h e U n it e d
S ta te s G o v e r n m e n t or b y a n y c o r p o r a tio n o w n e d b y th e U n ite d
S ta te s G o v e rn m e n t.
S e c . 2 0 8 . D u r in g t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l y e a r , t h e p r o v is io n s o f B u r e a u
o f t h e B u d g e t C i r c u l a r A - 4 5 , d a t e d J u n e 3 , 1 9 5 2 , s h a ll b e c o n t r o l li n g
o v e r t h e a c t iv it ie s o f a ll d e p a r t m e n t s , a g e n c ie s , a n d c o r p o r a tio n s o f
t h e G o v e r n m e n t : P r o v i d e d , T h a t s a i d c i r c u la r m a y b e a m e n d e d o r
c h a n g e d d u r in g su c h y e a r b y t h e D ir e c t o r o f t h e B u d g e t w ith t h e
a p p r o v a l o f th e C h a ir m a n o f t h e C o m m it t e e o n A p p r o p r ia t io n s o f
th e H o u s e o f R e p r e s e n t a t iv e s : P ro v id e d fu r th e r, T h a t t h e B u r e a u o f
t h e B u d g e t s h a ll m a k e a r e p o r t t o C o n g r e s s n o t l a t e r t h a n J a n u a r y
3 1 , [ 1 9 5 6 ] 1 9 5 7 , o f t h e o p e r a t i o n s o f t h i s o r d e r u p o n a ll d e p a r t ­
m e n t s , a g e n c ie s , a n d c o r p o r a tio n s o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t : P r o v id e d
fu r th e r , T h a t , n o t w it h s t a n d in g t h e p r o v is io n s o f a n y o th e r la w , n o
o f f ic e r o r e m p l o y e e s h a ll b e r e q u i r e d t o o c c u p y a n y G o v e r n m e n t o w n e d q u a r t e r s u n le s s t h e h e a d o f t h e a g e n c y c o n c e r n e d s h a ll d e t e r ­
m in e t h a t n e c e s sa ry se r v ic e c a n n o t b e r e n d e r e d o r p r o p e r t y o f t h e
U n it e d S t a t e s c a n n o t b e a d e q u a te ly p r o te c t e d o th e r w is e .
S e c . 2 0 9 . P u r s u a n t to s e c tio n 1 4 1 5 o f t h e A c t o f J u ly 1 5 , 1 9 5 2 (6 6
S t a t . 6 6 2 ) , f o r e i g n c r e d i t s ( i n c l u d in g c u r r e n c i e s ) o w e d t o o r o w n e d
b y t h e U n it e d S ta te s m a y b e u se d b y F e d e r a l a g e n c ie s fo r a n y
p u r p o s e f o r w h i c h a p p r o p r i a t i o n s a r e m a d e f o r t h e c u r r e n t f is c a l
y e a r (in c lu d in g t h e c a r r y in g o u t o f A c t s r e q u ir in g o r a u th o r iz in g th e
u se o f s u c h c r e d its ) a n d fo r liq u id a t io n o f o b lig a t io n s le g a lly in ­
c u r r e d a g a i n s t s u c h c r e d i t s p r i o r t o J u l y 1, 1 9 5 3 , o n l y w h e n r e i m ­
b u r s e m e n t t h e r e f o r is m a d e t o t h e T r e a s u r y f r o m a p p l i c a b l e a p p r o ­

3 6 0 0 0 0 — 5 G-------- 5




OF

TH E

P R E S ID E N T

67

p r ia tio n s o f th e a g e n c y c o n c e r n e d : P r o v id e d , T h a t s u c h c r e d its
r e c e iv e d a s e x c h a n g e a l l o w a n c e s o r p r o c e e d s o f s a le s o f p e r s o n a l
p r o p e r t y m a y b e u s e d in w h o l e o r p a r t p a y m e n t f o r a c q u i s i t i o n o f
s im ila r it e m s , to th e e x t e n t a n d in th e m a n n e r a u th o r iz e d b y la w ,
w ith o u t r e im b u r s e m e n t t o th e T r e a s u r y : P ro vid ed fu rth e r, T h a t
n o t h i n g in s e c t i o n 1 4 1 5 o f t h e A c t o f J u l y 1 5 , 1 9 5 2 , o r in t h i s s e c t i o n
s h a ll b e c o n s t r u e d t o p r e v e n t t h e m a k i n g o f n e w o r t h e c a r r y i n g o u t
o f e x is tin g c o n tr a c ts , a g r e e m e n ts , or e x e c u tiv e a g r e e m e n ts fo r
p e r i o d s in e x c e s s o f o n e y e a r , in a n y c a s e w h e r e s u c h c o n t r a c t s ,
a g r e e m e n t s , o r e x e c u t i v e a g r e e m e n t s f o r p e r i o d s in e x c e s s o f o n e
y e a r w ere p e r m it t e d p r io r to th e e n a c t m e n t o f th is A c t u n d e r se c ­
t i o n 3 2 ( b ) (2 ) o f t h e S u r p l u s P r o p e r t y A c t o f 1 9 4 4 , a s a m e n d e d
( 5 0 U . S . C . A p p . 1 6 4 1 (b ) ( 2 ) ) , a n d th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f a ll su c h
c o n t r a c t s , a g r e e m e n t s , o r e x e c u t i v e a g r e e m e n t s s h a ll b e s u b j e c t t o
th e a v a ila b ilit y o f a p p r o p r ia tio n s fo r th e p u r c h a s e o f c r e d its a s
p r o v i d e d b y la w .
[ S e c . 2 1 0 . N o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d in t h i s A c t ,
o r o f t h e f u n d s a v a i l a b l e f o r e x p e n d it u r e b y a n y c o r p o r a t i o n i n c l u d e d
in t h i s A c t , s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y t h e s a l a r y o r w a g e s o f a n y p e r s o n
w h o e n g a g e s in a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s
o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p l o y e e s
t h a t a s s e r ts t h e r ig h t to s tr ik e a g a in s t th e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n it e d
S t a t e s , o r w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t
a d v o c a te s, th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n ite d S ta te s b y
fo r c e o r v io le n c e : P r o v id e d , T h a t fo r th e p u r p o s e s h e r e o f a n a ffid a v it
s h a ll b e c o n s id e r e d p r i m a f a c i e e v i d e n c e t h a t t h e p e r s o n m a k i n g t h e
a f f i d a v i t h a s n o t c o n t r a r y t o t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s e c t i o n e n g a g e d in
a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , is n o t a m e m ­
b er o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p lo y e e s th a t a sse rts th e
r ig h t to s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n it e d S ta te s , o r t h a t
s u c h p e r s o n d o e s n o t a d v o c a t e , a n d is n o t a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a ­
tio n t h a t a d v o c a te s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n ite d
S t a t e s b y fo r c e o r v io le n c e : P r o v id e d fu rth e r, T h a t a n y p e r s o n w h o
e n g a g e s in a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o r
w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p l o y e e s t h a t
a s s e r ts t h e r ig h t to s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n it e d
S t a t e s , o r w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t
a d v o c a te s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n ite d S ta te s b y
fo r c e o r v io le n c e a n d a c c e p ts e m p lo y m e n t t h e s a la r y o r w a g e s fo r
w h ic h a re p a id fr o m a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n o r fu n d c o n t a in e d in t h is A c t
s h a ll b e g u i l t y o f a f e l o n y a n d , u p o n c o n v i c t i o n , s h a ll b e f in e d n o t
m o r e t h a n $ 1 ,0 0 0 or im p r is o n e d fo r n o t m o r e th a n o n e y e a r , o r b o t h :
P r o v i d e d fu r t h e r , T h a t t h e a b o v e p e n a l t y c la u s e s h a ll b e in a d d i t i o n
t o , a n d n o t in s u b s t i t u t i o n f o r , a n y o t h e r p r o v i s i o n s o f e x i s t i n g l a w . ]
(■ e n e r a l G o v e r n m e n t M a t t e r s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
G

F U N D S

A P P R O P R I A T E D

SU M M AR Y

OF

BUDGET

T O

T H E

P R E S I D E N T

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

A Y A IL A B L E

1 9 5 5 a c tu a l

N E W

O B L IG A T IO N A L

1 9 5 6 e stim a te

$2, 794, 949, 816

$2, 727, 841, 750

$9, 900, 000

2, 727, 841, 7 5 0

9, 90 0 , 0 0 0

25, 000, 000

4, 8 6 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0

2, 795, 549, 816

2, 752, 841, 750

4, 869, 9 0 0 , 0 0 0

9, 5 7 5 , 6 9 3 , 8 0 7

3, 7 3 7 , 8 1 9 , 8 0 4

3, 3 1 7 , 3 5 4 , 102

1, 5 2 7 , 7 7 6 , 9 9 5

1, 2 8 8 , 9 5 9 , 5 5 5

1, 1 0 1 , 4 8 9 , 0 3 2

22, 565, 166

110, 385, 451

48, 498, 540

1 ,0 7 2 ,6 0 0 ,0 0 0

+ 1, 1 8 6 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0

1 9 5 7 e stim a te

A U T H O R IT Y

E n a c t e d or r e c o m m e n d e d in t h is d o c u m e n t :
C u rren t a u th o r iz a tio n s :
A p p r o p r i a t i o n s ______

__

I l e a p p r o p r i a t i o n s _________

_________________________________________________ ______________
__

__________

_______________

__________

_________

T o t a l n e w o b l i g a t i o n a l a u t h o r i t y e n a c t e d o r r e c o m m e n d e d _______________

600, 000

2, 7 95, 5 4 9 , 8 1 6

P r o p o s e d fo r la te r t r a n s m i s s i o n :
A p p r o p r ia tio n s _ _

_____

________________________________________________ _________

G r a n d t o t a l n e w o b l i g a t i o n a l a u t h o r i t y _________________________________

BALANCES

AND

OTH ER

AM O U N TS

_______

_

_

__

A Y A IL A B L E

B a la n c e s b r o u g h t fo r w a r d a t s t a r t o f y e a r fr o m — >
A p p r o p r ia tio n s e n a c t e d .

________________________________________________________________________

A p p r o p r i a t i o n s p r o p o s e d f o r l a t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n ^ ____ ___ _________ ______________ ________
A u t h o r i z a t i o n s t o e x p e n d f r o m d e b t r e c e i p t s _______________

_________

R e v o l v i n g a n d m a n a g e m e n t f u n d s _________________ ___________ ___
O th e r a m o u n ts a v a ila b le :

__

-

_______________________

25, 000, 000

N e t tr a n s fe r s o f b a la n c e s t o ( — ) o r fr o m ( + ) a c c o u n ts

i n o t h e r c h a p t e r s o f t h e b u d g e t ____________________

_

_____________________________ _____________ — 4 , 1 7 8 , 0 4 8 , 8 1 0

+

T o t a l b a l a n c e s a n d o t h e r a m o u n t s a v a i l a b l e __ ___________________________ _____________

6 , 947, 987, 158

6, 209, 764, 810

5, 678, 341, 674

T o t a l b u d g e t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s a v a i l a b l e ______ _________ _________________

9, 74 3 , 5 3 6 , 9 7 4

8 , 962, 606, 560

10, 548, 241, 6 74

______________

SUMMARY OF BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
1956

1955
Obligated

Unobligated

Obligated

Balances of prior authorizations for expenditure:
Appropriations enacted or recommended________ _ $7,060,924,971 $2,514, 768,836 $3,673,243,609
Appropriations proposed for later transmission
769,426,743
664, 111, 427
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts----------758,350, 252
Balances of authorizations to expend from debt receipts
proposed for later transmission
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
Balances in revolving and management funds (includ­
4,838,631
51, 742,481
17,726,535
ing U. S. Government securities held )_______ ______ _
Total balances available at start of year...................

68




7,837,001, 758

3,289,034, 210

4,389,097,517

1957

Unobligated

Obligated

$64,576,195 $3,106,979,972
624,848,128

655,113,044

1958

Unobligated

Obligated

$210,374,130 $1,064,215,273
25,000,000 4,012,300,000
510,189,232
446,375,988

Unobligated

$13,000,000

556,017,000
58,642,970

13,579,176

34,919,364

21,474,344

14,256,696

748,067,293

3, 775,672,192

716,669,482

6,164,195,849

27,256,696

F U N D S

A P P R O P R I A T E D

SU M M A R Y

OF

T O

E X P E N D IT U R E S

T H E
AN D

P R E S I D E N T
BALAN CES

195 5 a ctu a l

1 9 5 6 e s tim a te

1 9 5 7 e stim a te

E X P E N D IT U R E S

F r o m n e w a u th o r iz a t io n s e n a c t e d or r e c o m m e n d e d in t h is d o c u m e n t :
O u t o f n e w o b lig a tio n a l a u th o r ity :

'

C u r r e n t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s ____________ _____________

$776, 823, 281

$9, 137, 2 6 8

F r o m a u th o r iz a tio n s p r o p o s e d fo r la te r t r a n s m is s io n :
O u t o f c u r r e n t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s . ________ _____________________________________________________
______________________ .

990, 000, 000

_________

T o t a l e x p e n d i t u r e s f r o m a u t h o r i z a t i o n s p r o p o s e d f o r l a t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n ____

O u t o f b a l a n c e s o f p r i o r e x p e n d i t u r e 3a u t h o r i0 0 t i o n s
, 500, 0 za

$4, 881, 375, 4 96

993, 500, 000

O th e r e x p e n d itu r e s :
O u t o f b a l a n c e s o f p r i o r e x p e n d i t u r e a u t h o r i z a t i o n s ___________________________________

3, 6 2 2 , 8 8 2 , 0 2 4

_________

T o t a l o t h e r e x p e n d i t u r e s _______________

3, 3 3 7 , 5 8 4 , 3 6 1

O u t o f r e c e i p t s 3 5n d 2 4a l a n 7 e s o f r e v o 1v i4 7 7 ,a n 6 8 m a n a g e m e n t f
32l , ng
3d
3 a , 9 b , 38 c

_____________________________________________________

. 3 ,9 5 8 ,8 0 6 ,4 1 1

3, 6 5 9 , 0 6 1 , 7 2 9

4, 881, 375, 496

4, 735, 629, 692

4, 661, 698, 997

_____ ________

500, 755, 117

274, 037, 476

308, 709, 868

N e t b u d g e t e x p e n d i t u r e s ______________________________________________________________________

4, 380, 620, 379

4, 461, 5 92, 2 1 6

4, 352, 9 8 9 , 129

225, 751, 785

8, 672, 670

3, 8 0 0 , 0 0 0

3, 7 3 7 , 8 1 9 , 8 0 4

3, 3 1 7 , 3 5 4 , 1 0 2

1, 0 6 4 , 2 1 5 , 2 7 3

25, 000, 000

4, 025, 3 0 0, 0 0 0

1, 2 8 8 , 9 5 9 , 5 5 5

1, 1 0 1 , 4 8 9 , 0 3 2

510, 189, 232

R e v o l v i n g a n d m a n a g e m e n t f u n d s __________________________________________________ _________

110, 385, 451

48, 498, 540

35, 731, 0 4 0

T o t a l b a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r ________________________________________

5, 13 7 , 1 6 4 , 8 1 0

4, 4 9 2 , 3 4 1 , 6 7 4

6 , 191, 452, 545

N e t e x p e n d itu r e s a n d b a l a n c e s . _

9, 7 4 3 , 5 3 6 , 9 7 4

8 , 962, 606, 560

10, 5 48, 2 41, 6 7 4

T o ta l

b u d g e t e x p e n d i t u r e s ___________________________________________________________________

D e d u c t r e c e ip t s o f p u b l i c e n t e r p r is e f u n d s ________

BALANCES

B a la n c e s n o lo n g e r a v a i l a b l e ___________

N OT

_______ ______ ___________

EXPENDED

____________________ _______________________________________

B a l a n c e s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d a t e n d o f y e a r i n —
A p p r o p r i a t i o n s e n a c t e d o r r e c o m m e n d e d _____________________

___________________________

A p p r o p r i a t i o n s p r o p o s e d f o r l a t e r t r a n s m i s s i o n ___________________ ___________________ ___
A u t h o r i z a t i o n s t o e x p e n d f r o m d e b t r e c e i p t s _______________________________________ ______
A u t h o r iz a t io n s t o e x p e n d f r o m d e b t r e c e ip ts p r o p o s e d fo r la t e r tr a n s m is s io n

_________________________________ ______________________

556, 017, 000

SUMMARY OF BALANCES NO LONGER AVAILABLE
1955 actual

Balances expiring and lapsing and adjustment of balances downward (n e t)--____ _____________________ _______ _________ ______ _______




$225, 751,785

1956 estimate

$8,672,670

1957 estimate

$3,800,000

70

T H E

BUDGET

B U D G E T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

AND

Y E A R

1957

E X P E N D IT U R E S

BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

RECAPITULATION BY ORGANIZATION UNIT
..............................................
Armed Forces leave payments
Defense aid_______________ _____________________________ __
D isaster relief________________________ _____ _____ ____________
Emergency fund for international affairs________________
Emergency fund for the President............................................
Expenses of management im provem ent._________________
Mutual security:
Military assistance ............ ......................
__ _ _ ______
Direct forces support__________________ _________________
Other mutual security programs
_ _ _ __________
Overtime, leave, and holiday com pensation________ ____

$5,000,000
750,000
300,000

$28,500,000
5.000.000
1.000.000

$1,000,000
400,000

$33,803
6,093
8,939,049
2,435, 301
116,572
211, 503

$22,000
1,131
13,689,043
6,000,000
900,000
425,367

2,250,000,000
250,000,000
1, 791, 538,000

4, 352,989,129

1,134,323,387
70,000,000
1, 577, 176,429

705,000,000
317,200,000
1,681,141, 750

; 2, 555,000,000
445,000,000
1,860,000,000

2,272,411,612
19,432,050
1,927,216,980

8,000,000

15,000,000

8, 500,000

7, 795,957
142,021,459

2,318,000,000
146,000,000
1,725,983,000
20
13,000,000
237, 571,655

2, 795, 549,816

2,752,841, 750

4,869,900,000

4,380, 620,379

4,461, 592,216

$33,803
6,093
8,939,049

1,000,000
474,130

$22,000

Expansion of defense production
Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures.
_
_
_ _

$4,700,000
1,564, 699

11,000,000
42,712,300

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Current authorizations
(Other than revolving and management funds)
Armed Forces leave payments:
Payments, Armed Forces Leave Act of 1946
Defense aid
Disaster relief

-

-

__

- - _______
- - - ____
_______ 1______

Emergency fund for the President:
Emergency fund for the President, national defense—
Reappropriation
- - Expenses of management improvement
______
Mutual security:
Military assistance:
Military assistance, Executive
_
_
. ___ M ilitary assistance, general Executive
M ilitary assistance, infrastructure, Executive - ___
Direct forces support:
Direct forces support, Executive _________
Common-use items, Executive _____________________
Other mutual security programs:
Defense support, Europe, Executive _____ __________
Defense support, Near East and Africa, Executive...
Defense support, Asia, Executive. _ ________ _____
Development assistance, Near East and Africa,
Executive
- _ _ _ ______ ____- - __________ - Development assistance, Asia, Executive___________
Development assistance, American Republics and
non-self-governing territories of the Western
Hemisphere, Executive_____________ __ _
- _
_
Technical cooperation, general, Executive
__ _ __
United Nations expanded program of technical
assistance, Executive. _ _________ ________
- -Technical cooperation programs of the Organization
of American States, Executive _ __
____________
Special presidential fund, Executive__________ ______
Special assistance in joint control areas in Europe,
Executive
___ ____ ____________ _______ ______ Intergovernmental Committee for European Migra­
tion
_______ ______ __ - - _ - - ___ __ - ____
United Nations Refugee Fund, Executive
_
_
Escapee program, Executive ___ _______ ____ __
_ United Nations Children’s Fund, Executive _____
United Nations Relief and Works Agency, Executive.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Executive_____
Ocean freight charges, United States voluntary relief
agencies, Executive----------- --------- ----------- ------------- . .




055
152
521
153

$5,000,000

603
603
603

150.000
600.000
300, 000

$3, 500, 000
5, 000,000
1,000,000

1,131
13,689,043

Emergency fund 2 ,435,301
for international 6,000, 000
affairs
$1, 000,000
400,000

1
[

$4, 700, 000
1, 564, 699

116,572

900, 000

1,000,000

211, 503

425, 367

474,130

058 |
058 > 1,134, 323,387
058

705,000, 000

2,272,411,612

2,318. 000, 000

1,950, 000,000

059 )
[
059

317, 200, 000

19, 432, 050

146, 000, 000

150,000,000

152
152
152
152
152

152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152

70,000,000

FU N D S

BU D G ET

A P P R O P R IA T E D

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

TO

AN D

T H E

71

P R E S ID E N T

E X P E N D I T U R E S — C o n tin u e d

B Y O R G A N I Z A T I O N U N I T A N D A C C O U N T T IT L E — C o n tin u e d

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
FunC'
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

1956
1955

1957

enacted
Estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN
DOCUMENT— Continued

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1955

1956

1957

estimate

actual

estimate

estimate

THISj

Current authorizations— Continued
Mutual security— Continued
Other mutual security programs— Continued
Ocean freight charges, surplus agricultural com­
modities, Executive_________________________________
Control Act expenses, Executive_____________________
Administrative expenses, sec. 411, M utual Security
Act, Executive_______________________________________
President’s fund for Asian economic development,
Executive____________________________________________
Basic materials development, Executive_____________
Contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee
for European Migration, Executive________________
Contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organi­
zation, Executive_________________________ __________
Contributions for programs of the Organization of
American States, Executive_________________ _____
Contributions to the United Nations Children’s Fund,
Executive____________________________________________
Contributions to United Nations Expanded Program
of Technical Assistance, Executive_________________
Contributions to United Nations Korean Recon­
struction Agency, Executive________________________
Contributions to the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency, Executive___________________ _____
Defense support, Far East and the Pacific, Executive.
Defense support, Near East, Africa, and South Asia,
Executive_____________________________ ________ ______
Development assistance, South Asia, Executive_____
Economic and technical assistance, Asia and Pacific,
title III, M utual Security Act, Executive__________
Economic and technical assistance, defense support,
Asia and Pacific, other than Formosa and the Asso­
ciated States of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam,
Executive______________ _______ ______________________
Economic and technical assistance, Near East and
Africa________________________________________________
Korean program, Executive_________________ _____ ____
M ovem ent of migrants, Executive____________________
Multilateral technical cooperation, Executive________
M utual defense financing, defense support, economic
and technical assistance, Europe, Executive_______
M utual defense financing, defense support, economic
and technical assistance, Formosa and the Asso­
ciated States of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam,
Executive_____________________________ _____ ____ _____
M utual defense financing, manufacturing in France,
Executive_____________________________________ _____
M utual defense financing, manufacturing in the
United Kingdom, Executive________________________
Ocean freight charges, Executive______________________
Ocean freight, voluntary relief shipments, Executive.
Palestine refugee program, Executive________________
Production for forces support, Executive_____________
Relief and rehabilitation in Korea, Executive_______

152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152

$1,577,176,429

$1,681,141, 750

$1, 927, 953, 751

$1, 725,000,000

$1, 200,000,000

2, 781, 499,816

2, 703, 341, 750

4,219, 797, 413

4,189, 000, 000

3 ,300, 000, 000

152
152
152
152
152

Relief and resettlement of refugees entering Israel,
Executive_________________________ _________ _________
Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific, Executive___
Special economic assistance, India and Pakistan,
Executive____________________________________________
Special economic assistance, Near East and Africa,
Executive____________________________________________
Special technical and economic assistance, Asia and
the Pacific, title III, Mutual Security Act, Execu­
tive___________________________________________________
Technical assistance, American Republics and
non-self-governing Territories of the Western H em i­
sphere, Executive. ___________________________________

152

152

T o t a l , m u t u a l s e c u r i t y ....... ................................................................




72

T H E

BUDGET

B U D G E T

FO R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

F IS C A L

AND

Y E A R

1957

E X P E N D I T U R E S — C o n tin u e d

BT ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
No.

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1956
estimate

1955
actual

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
D OCUMENT—
-Continued
Current authorizations—Continued
Overtime, l^ave, and holiday oornpfi'npatiniri
Refugee relief, Executive..___________________ __________

$15,000,000

$8,500,000

$7,795,957

$20
13,000,000

$11,000,000

2, 727,841, 750

9,900,000

4,239,335,691

4,223,037,561

3,318,738,829

642,339,805

512,292,131

349,460,168

« 300,000

300,000

642,039,805

Total current authorizations, other than revolving
and management funds. _______________________

$8,000,000

2,795, 549,816

610
152

512,592,131

349,460,168

4,881,375,496

4, 735,629,692

3,668,198,997

Revolving and management funds
Public enterprise funds (see “ Funds applied” in detail
section below).. ______________________________________
Intragovernmental funds (see “ Net effect on budget
expenditures” in detail section below)___________ _____
Total revolving and management fu n d s._____
Total enacted or recommended in this document

2,795, 549, 816

2, 727,841, 750

9,900,000

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION
Under existing legislation
Disaster relief............................... ....... .......... .................... .......

521

25,000,000

° Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
No.

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless otherwise specified)
1955

1956

1957

FUNDS PROVIDED
(by operations)

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Public enterprise funds
057

$497,150,300

$270,220,476

$304,247,868

152

3,604,817

3,817,000

4,462, 000

500,755,117

274,037,476

308,709,868

5,768,517
482,748

5,739,678
168,458

Total intragovernmental funds__ »_______________________________

6,251,265

5,908,136

Total revolving and management funds___________________________

507,006,382

279,945,612

Expansion of defense production.____________ __________________________
Mutual security:
Other mutual security programs: Discharge of investment guaranty
liabilities.
Total public enterprise funds

__________________________________

Intragovernmental funds
Mutual security:
Military assistance; Advances and reimbursements «
_ _ _
Other mutual security programs: Advances and reimbursements _____




058
152

308,709,868

FU N D S

BUDGET

A P P R O P R IA T E D

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

TO

AND

T H E

73

P R E S ID E N T

E X P E N D I T U R E S — C o n tin u e d

B Y ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE— Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Func­
tional
code
N o.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION— Continued
Under proposed legislation
Mutual security:
M ilitary assistance______________________________________

Total proposed for later transmission

$2,555,000,000
445,000,000
1,860,000,000

$300,000,000
100,000,000
590,000,000
3,500, 000

$25,000,000

Direct forces support ___________________________________
Other mutual security programs
_ _______________ __
Expansion of defense production___________________________

4,860,000,000

993, 500,000

2,752,841, 750

4,869,900,000

058
059
152
057

_________ ____
$2, 795,549,816

$4,881,375,496

$4,735,629,692

4,661, 698,997

500,755,117

Grand total__________________________________________
Deduct receipts of public enterprise funds (see “ Funds
provided” in detail section below)______________________

274,037,476

308,709,868

4,380,620,379

4,461, 592,216

4,352,989,129

Total new obligational authority and net budget
2,795,549,816

expenditures_,____________________ ._______________

2,752,841,750

4,869,900,000

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title

1956

1955

1957

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Public enterprise funds
$639,171,759

$507,792,131

$343,460,168

$142,021,459

$237,571,655

$39,212,300

3,168,046

4,500,000

6,000,000

• 436,771

683,000

1,538, 000

642,339,805

512,292,131

349,460,168

141, 584,688

238, 254,655

40, 750,300

5 ,768,517
182,748

5,739,678
468,458

° 300,000

6,208,136

° 300,000

300,000

648,291,070

518,500,267

141,284,688

238,554,655

349,460,168

• D e d u c t, excess o f repaym ents an d collection s o v e r expenditures.




Total public enterprise funds
Intragovernmental funds
Mutual security:
M ilitary assistance: Advances and reimbursements
Other mutual security programs: Advances and reimbursements

300,000

5,951,265

Expansion of defense production
Mutual security:
Other mutual security programs: Discharge of investment guaranty liabilities

Total intragovernmental funds
40,750,300

Total revolving and management funds

74

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

1957

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

DEFENSE AID

ARMED FORCES LEAVE PAYMENTS

D e fe n s e A id , S p e c ia l F u n d

P a ym en ts, A rm e d Forces Leave A c t o f 1 9 4 6

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS^ EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1957 estimate
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Program by activities:
Claims _
_ _______________ ._ _
Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward.
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobligated balance no longer available _

$14,832

$10,000

-10,635,831
4,368, 234
6,252, 765

-4,368,234

Balance brought forward:
Unobligated_________ ______ ._ _ . _
Obligated
_______________ _____

Appropriation______________________

$228, 751
1,131

Total budget authorizations avail­
_____ _______
_ _ .
able

4,358, 234

$185,055
50, 920
235, 975

229,882

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

Paym ents have been m ade for terminal leave accum u­
lated prior to Septem ber 1, 1946, b y uniform ed personnel
of the A rm y, N a vy , M arine Corps, C oast Guard, C oast
and G eodetic Survey, and P u blic H ealth Service. Because
o f the lim ited num ber o f claims which will rem ain unpaid
as of July 1, 1956, paym ents thereafter will be m ade from
current appropriations otherwise available for the p a y ­
m ent of claims generally.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS
ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE:

12 Pensions,

annuities, and insurance claims—1955, $14,832; 1956, $10,000.
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total expenditures (out of prior author­
izations)
_
__
____ __
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)_ _____ _________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated__ __
______ _____________
Obligated
_

228, 751
1,131

Total expenditures and balances___

235, 975

6, 093

1,131
228, 751

229,882

[DISASTER RELIEF]
D is a s t e r R e lie f , E x e c u t iv e O ffic e o f th e P r e s id e n t
[F o r exp en ses n ecessary to carry o u t th e p u rp ose s of th e A c t
o f S e p te m b e r 3 0 , 1 9 5 0 (P u b lic L a w 8 7 5 ) , a s a m e n d e d , a u th o r iz in g
a s s is ta n c e t o S t a t e s a n d lo c a l g o v e r n m e n ts in m a jo r d is a s te r s ,
$ 3 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 , t o r e m a in a v a ila b le u n t il e x p e n d e d : P r o v id e d , T h a t n o t
e x c e e d i n g 2 p e r c e n t u m o f t h e f o r e g o i n g a m o u n t s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e
fo r a d m in is t r a t iv e e x p e n s e s .]
(I n d e p e n d e n t O ffices A p p r o p r i a t i o n
A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Balance brought forward:
Unoblieated_____ __
_ _________ . .Obligated__________ ___________ ______

$10,635,831
31, 676

$4,368,234
12,705

Total budget authorizations avail­
__ __________________
able

10, 667, 507

4,380,939

1955 actual
Program by activities:
__
__
1. Administration
2. Grants to disaster affected areas___ _
Total obligations ____

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of prior authori­
___ _. -zations)
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation)...
Other _ ____________________________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated _ _
_
. _
Obligated___ _ _
_
_ _
Total expenditures and balances___

33,803

4 358, 234
,

-2 3 , 434,933
-763,146
9, 705,895

- 9 , 705, 895

10,667, 507

1955 actual
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

$30, 000, 000
-30,000,000

3, 500,000
I

4 , 380, 939

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES




13, 205, 895

Armronriftfcion

C o n str u c tio n o f T a n k e r s , E x e c u tiv e

Adjusted appropriation______ ______

$148, 566
13,057,329

14, 492,184

__________

1957 estimate

705

4,368,234
12, 705

CONSTRUCTION OF TANKERS

Appropriation
_
.
Transferred to “ Construction of ships,
Military Sea Transportation Service,
Department of Defense” (68 Stat. 624)..

$96, 588
14, 395, 596

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward-..
Recovery of prior year obligations_____
Unobligated balance carried forward___

22,000

6,252,765

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

This program provides for a coordinated effort b y the
Federal G overnm ent to assist States and their political
subdivisions affected b y m ajor disasters when th ey are
unable to cope with the situation physically or financially.
R esponsibility for the adm inistration o f this program is
delegated to the Federal C ivil D efense A dm inistration.
D isaster relief operations of the entire Federal G o v e rn ­
m ent are coordinated and funds m ade available to affected
areas. State and local civil defense organizations are
active in disaster operations and receive valuable opera­
tional training as a result.
A supplem ental appropriation o f $25 m illion in fiscal
year 1956 will be requested to replenish the fund. T h e
two recent disasters in the northeastern States have re­
duced the present availability to an u n accep tab ly low
balance.

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

TO

T H E

M a jo r disaster areas proclaim ed b y the President and
allocation o f funds m ade since July 1, 1954, are:

75

P R E S ID E N T

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

FISCAL YEAR 1955

A
rea

A tiond te
lloca a

Earthquake___________
Hurricane_____________
___ do_________________
----- do_________________
------do_________________
------do_________________
Flood and soil erosion.
Flood__________________
— .d o _________________
Severe hardship_______
Volcano_______________
Flood__________________
Tornado______________
___ do_________________
Flood__________________

Amount
$877, 500
175.000
40.000
61,500
2, 500,000
2, 500,000
194, 344
1,000,000
300.000
500.000
1, 500,000
750.000
587.000
50.000
175.000
20.000
100.000
175.000
325.000
125.000
200.000

Total_____ _____ _________________________________________________________

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

12,155,344

Texas______________________________
Iowa_______________________________
South D akota_____________________
W est Virginia_____________________
Massachusetts_____________________
Rhode Island______________________
Nevada____________________________
M aine_____________________________
N ew Y o rk _________________________
Connecticut_______________________
N orth Carolina____________________
South Carolina____________________
California__________________________
New Mexico_______________________
Indiara____________________________
Alaska_____________________________
H aw aii_____________________________
Colorado___________________________
Kansas_____________________________
Oklahoma_________________________
N evad a____________________________

July 21,1954
July 31,1954
____d o______
Aug. 4,1954
Sept. 3,1954
Sept. 4,1954
Sept. 20,1954
Sept. 28,1954
Oct.
7,1954
Oct. 18,1954
Oct. 22,1954
Oct. 28,1954
Oct. 29,1954
N ov. 6,1954
Jan.
3,1955
M ar. 7,1955
Apr. 1,1955
M a y 25,1955
June 4,1955
___ do______
June 21,1955

Type
Flood__________________
Flood__________________
___ do_________________
___ do_________________
Hurricane_____________
_ - _ . d o . _ - . _____ ________

FISCAL YEAR 1956

Allocation
Area
date
North Carolina____________________ _Aug. 13,1955
N ew M exico_______________________ _Aug. 23,1955
Rhode Island______________________ _Aug. 26,1955
N ew Jersey________________________ _Aug. 27,1955
Pennsylvania_______________________Aug. 29,1955
Connecticut_______________________ _Aug. 30,1955
Massachusetts__________________________ do_______
N ew Y ork _________________________ _____ do_______

Type
Flood___________________
. . . . d o __________________
- _ ..d o __________________
___ do..
___________
___do_.
___________
___________
— do..
— do_.
___________
___________
— do_.

Total (November 1955).

Amount
$1,000,000
75,000
1,000,000
1,000,000
1,000,000
1, 000,000
1, 000,000
500,000
6, 575, 000

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Appropriation..__
. . . ___ __
Balance brought forward:
U nobligated..- _
_
_ _ __
Obligated___________________________ . . .

$23,434,933
1,693,159

9, 705,895
6,483,148

$6,000,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able______ . . . ___
--_ ________

25,128,092

19, 689,043

6,000,000

$3,500,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations_______ _.
]
Out of prior authorizations_____ ________

8, 939,049

/
\

1, 600,000
12,089,043

4, 700,000

13, 689, 043

4, 700,000

Total expenditures______ ____________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
. _
.
. _ _ .
Obligated____________________ _________

9, 705, 895
6, 483,148

6, 000,000

1,300,000

Total expenditures and balances___

25,128,092

19, 689,043

6,000,000

8, 939,049

[EMERGENCY FUND FOR INTERNATIONAL
AFFAIRSJ
E m e r g e n c y F u n d fo r I n t e r n a t io n a l A ffa ir s , E x e c u t iv e
[ F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y t o e n a b le th e P r e s id e n t t o t a k e s u c h
m e a s u r e s a s h e d e e m s a p p r o p r ia te t o m e e t e x t r a o r d in a r y o r u n u s u a l
c i r c u m s t a n c e s a r i s i n g i n t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l a f f a ir s o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t ,
$ 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 , t o r e m a in a v a ila b le u n til e x p e n d e d , fo r u se in t h e P r e s i­
d e n t ’ s d is c r e tio n a n d w ith o u t r e g a r d t o s u c h p r o v is io n s o f la w a s h e
m a y s p e c i f y : P r o v i d e d , T h a t t h e P r e s i d e n t s h a ll t r a n s m i t t o t h e
C o m m it t e e s o n A p p r o p r ia tio n s o f th e S e n a te a n d o f th e H o u s e o f
R e p r e s e n t a t iv e s , n o t le ss o fte n t h a n q u a r te r ly , a fu ll r e p o r t o f e x ­
p e n d i t u r e s u n d e r t h i s a p p r o p r i a t i o n .]
(S u p p le m e n ta l A p p r o p r i a ­
ti o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

ALLOCATION TO FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE
ADMINISTRATION

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees------------Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___________
Average grade___________
01

1955 actual

$6,494
G S-9.4

$24,840
2,800
164
600

$59,316
18,000
250
2,000

28,404
25,139
13
29, 513
2, 925
440
12,825, 996
240

30, 000
3.000
1.000
13,056,929
400

$6,330, 721

12, 912,670

13, 205, 895

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent_____________________
Travel_________________________________
Communication services______________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services: Services
performed b y other agencies________
Supplies and materials________________
Taxes and assessments________________
Total, Housing and Hom e Finance
Agency____________________________

i, 760
13
81
19

1,330,721

Appropriation_____________________

5, 000, 000

- 1 , 330,721
5, 000,000

This appropriation to the President helps finance
U nited States participation in international trade fairs
and cultural presentations abroad, b oth through direct
G overnm ent activities and b y means o f assistance and
encouragem ent to private groups. D u rin g calendar year
1955 the U nited States participated in 25 trade fairs and
facilitated cultural presentations b y 46 groups and
individual perform ers in 171 cities. A uthorizing legislation
to continue this program in 1957 will be requested.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

16
11
14

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE

9,914

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees. - ____
Num ber of employees at end of y e a r -------

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE

Grants, subsidies, and contributions_

1,569,600

Total obligations___________________

14,492,184




Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward___

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

Average number of all employees____
Number of employees at end of year_

11

$3, 669,279

79, 566
35,000

ALLOCATION TO HOUSING AND HOME
FINANCE AGENCY

08
15

Participation in international trade
fairs, cultural and artistic activities
(total obligations)____ . .
___

Financing:

Personal services:
Permanent positions_______________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week b a s e ...
Payment above basic rates________

Total, Federal Civil Defense A d ­
ministration_______________________

02
04
06
07

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
$7,092
GS-10.8

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services_____________
Other contractual services___________
Supplies and materials_______________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions.
Taxes and assessments_______________

01

1956 estimate

13,205, 895

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary____ _________ _______
Average grade. ________ _________ __

1
1
1

5
4
5

$5,940
G S-11.0

$6,150
G S -9 .0

1957 estimate

76

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

[EMERGENCY FUND FOR INTERNATIONAL
AFFAIRS]—Continued
BY

o bjbcts

1957

C o n tin u e d

B U D G E T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S ----- C o n t i n u e d

1955 actual

E m e r g e n c y F u n d fo r I n t e r n a t io n a l A ffa ir s , E x e c u t iv e — C o n .
o b l ig a t io n s

Y E A R

1956 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES— COn.

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Balance carried forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated________________________________

$1,330,721
1,233,978

$1,564,699

Total expenditures and balances___

Object classification

1957 estimate

5, 000,000

7, 564, 699

$1,564,699

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE—

continued
01

$4,735
24

$24,177
120
200

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Other contractual services___________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions.

4,759
998
95,000
1, 719,646

24,497
5, 503
101,000
2, 548,597

Total, Department of State________

1,820,403

2,679, 597

$4,918
G S-6.6

$6, 717
GS-8.8

$50,316
118, 541
232
45

$287,322
136,396
1,260
10, 275

37,944

36,110

Total personal services. ...............
T r a v e l............................................................
Transportation of things.........................
Communication services..........................
Rents and utility services.......................
Printing and reproduction......................
Other contractual services............... .......
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials...........................
Equipm ent.................... ...............................
Taxes and assessm ents.-.........................

207,078
171,441
56,050
9,600
75,886
23, 989
966,117
205, 605
33,848
17, 760
2,047

471,363
365,580
182,300
16,300
307,000
30,270
1,742,951
130, 201
34, 500
40,000
2, 570

Total, Department of C om m erce...

02
07
11

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base----Payment above basic rates_________

1, 769,421

3,323,035

EMERGENCY FUND FOR THE PRESIDENT
E m e r g e n c y F u n d fo r t h e P r e s id e n t , N a t io n a l D e f e n s e
F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y t o e n a b le t h e P r e s id e n t, th r o u g h s u c h
o ffic e r s o r a g e n c i e s o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t a s h e m a y d e s i g n a t e , a n d
w it h o u t r e g a r d t o s u c h p r o v is io n s o f la w r e g a r d in g t h e e x p e n d itu r e
o f G o v e r n m e n t fu n d s o r th e c o m p e n sa tio n a n d e m p lo y m e n t o f
p e r s o n s in t h e G o v e r n m e n t s e r v i c e a s h e m a y s p e c i f y , t o p r o v i d e
in h is d is c r e tio n fo r e m e r g e n c ie s a ffe c tin g t h e n a tio n a l in te r e s t,
s e c u r ity , o r d e fe n s e w h ic h m a y a r is e a t h o m e o r a b r o a d d u r in g t h e
c u r r e n t f is c a l y e a r , $ 1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 : P r o v i d e d , T h a t n o p a r t o f t h i s
a p p r o p r i a t i o n s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f o r a l l o c a t i o n t o f i n a n c e a f u n c t i o n
o r p r o je c t f o r w h ic h fu n c t io n o r p r o je c t a b u d g e t e s t im a t e o f a p p r o ­
p r ia tio n w a s t r a n s m it t e d p u r s u a n t t o la w d u r in g t h e E ig h t y -f o u r t h
C o n g r e s s , s e c o n d s e s s i o n , a n d E i g h t y -f i f t h C o n g r e s s , f i r s t s e s s i o n , a n d
s u c h a p p r o p r ia tio n d e n ie d a f t e r c o n s id e r a t io n th e r e o f b y t h e S e n a t e
or H o u s e o f R e p r e s e n ta tiv e s o r b y th e C o m m it t e e o n A p p r o p r ia tio n s
o f e ith e r b o d y .
( G en era l G o vern m en t M a tte r s A p p r o p r ia t io n A c t ,
1 9 5 6 .)

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
COMMERCE

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all em ployees...............
Number of employees at end of year..........
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary. .................
Average grade.....................
01

02
03
04
05
06
07
09
15

Personal services:
Permanent positions...... ................—
Positions other than permanent----Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates-------------Other payments for personal serv-

A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

P R O G R A M A N D F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Emergencies affecting the national
interest, security, or defense (total
obligations).......... ..........................................

P R O G R AM

$21,600
16,000
600

Object classification

210

79, 455

6,330, 721

BY

O BJECTS

1955 actual

1957 estimate

02
04
06
07
08

T ravelCommunication services.......................
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________

$15,084
1,635
3,641

30,555

10,022
173

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation. .....................................................
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated-.....................................................
Obligated............................................................
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ _____ __________________

$5,000,000

$5,000,000
ALLOCATION TO PRESIDENT’ S COMMISSION
ON VETERANS’ PENSIONS

1,330,721
1,233,978

$1, 564,699

7, 564,699

1,564,699

Average number of all employees____
Num ber of employees at end of year..
5,000,000

01
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
Out of prior authorizations......... ................

2,435,301

3, 435,301
2, 564,699

1,564,699

Total expenditures................................

2,435,301

6,000,000

1, 564, 699




1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$1,000,000

ALLOCATION TO OFFICE OF DEFENSE
MOBILIZATION

Total, Office of Defense Mobilization.

1956 estimate

1,000,000

PERFORM ANCE

Reserved for future allocations..

BU D G E T A U T H O R I Z A T I O N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

1,000,000

$1,000,000

EMERGENCY FUND FOR THE PRESIDENT,
NATIONAL DEFENSE

328,089

!, 669, 279

AND

O B L IG A T IO N S

2,000
2,000
283,679
2,000

Information

Total obligations.

$1,000,000

These funds are to enable the President to provide for
emergencies affecting the national interest, security, or
defense.

01

Total, United
Agency---------

$1,000,000

150.000
600.000

Average number of all employees____
Number of employees at end of year..
$10,244
8,317
205
135
1,421
1,021
51,125
962
5,843
182

1957 estimate

617,380

Appropriation............................................
Reappropriation______________________

1956 estimate

$132,620

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

ALLOCATION TO UNITED STATES
INFORMATION AGENCY

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent_____________________
02 Travel__________________________________
03 Transportation of things............ .............
04 Communication services______________
05 Rents and utility services_____________
06 Printing and reproduction____________
07 Other contractual services____________
08 Supplies and materials________________
11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
15 Taxes and assessments________________

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 1 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

02
04
06
07
08
09

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent......................................
Travel...... ............... ......... .............................
Communication services.-.......................
Printing and reproduction.....................
Other contractual services.......................
Supplies and materials..............................
Equipment....................................................

$17,868
1,826
594
481
2,561
5
1,934

FU N D S

o b l ig a t io n s

by

objects

Object classification

A P P R O P R IA T E D

TO

1956 estimate

Object classification

1957 estimate

77

P R E S ID E N T

O B L IG A T IO N S

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

T H E

BY

OBJECTS

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$50,000

$474,130

Reserved for future allocation........................

ALLOCATION TO PRESIDENT’S COMMISION
ON v e t e r a n s ’ p e n s io n s — continued

ALLOCATION TO THE WHITE HOUSE OFFICE

15

Taxes and assessments.............................

$196

Total, President’s Commission on
Veterans’ Pensions________________

25,465

07

Other contractual services____________

$34,125

ALLOCATION TO HOUSING AND HOME
FINANCE AGENCY

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE

07
N um ber of employees at end of year...........
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent.......................................
Travel.......... ....................................................
Transportation of things______________
Communication services...................... ..
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction. ....................
Other contractual services........... ............
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials_____ __________

Other contractual services.......................

10,000

109,000

0
ALLOCATION TO FEDERAL POWER
COMMISSION

$1,325
62,367
1,230
3,354
1,209
365
601
5,879
270

Total, Department of State................

Other contractual services____________

3,587

ALLOCATION TO TREASURY DEPARTMENT

07

Other contractual services____________

27,000

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH,
EDUCATION, AND WELFARE

1
0

Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

76, 600

Total o b lig a tio n s .____________ _____

07

132, 620

$1,000,000

$1,000,000
01

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

02
06
07
08

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Personal services: Positions other
than permanent
_
_____ ____
Travel
_____________ ________________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials. _____________

$5,703
571
353
30,021
154

Total, Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare__________

B U D G E T A U T H O R IZ A T I O N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

36,802

ALLOCATION TO BUREAU OF THE BUDGET

Appropriation. __________ _______ __________
Reappropriation of prior year balance........
Obligated balance brought forward........... ..

$150,000
600,000
10,902

$1,000,000

$1,000,000

19,657

119,657

Total budget authorizations avail­
able___________________ _____ _______

760,902

1,019,657

1,119,657

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.....................
Out of prior authorizations.........................

112,963
3,609

885,000
15,000

900.000
100.000

Total expenditures.................................
Balance no longer available:
Unoligated (expiring for obligation)____
Other........................ .........................................
Obligated balance carried forward...............

116,572

900,000

1,000,000

617,380
7,293
19,657

02
04
06
07

119,657

119,657

08
15

Total expenditures and balances___

760,902

1,019,657

1,119,657

Average number of all employees.................
Num ber of employees at end of year...........
01

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Personal services:
Positions other than permanent____
Payment above basic rates. ...............
Other payments for personal serv­
ices ___________________________ ____

12
18

9
0

$104, 111
491

$75,828
1,979

664
105,266
10,876
1,176
12
116
2,925
45
638

77,807
3,425
822
3,000
198,186
2,031

Total, Bureau of the Budget..............

121,054

285,302

Total obligations.....................................

EXPENSES OF MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENT

Total personal services..................
Travel__________________________________
Communication services..........................
Printing and reproduction.......................
Other contractual services.......................
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Taxes and assessments..............................

232,568

444,302

B U D G ET A U T H O R I Z A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S

E x p e n s e s o f M a n a g e m e n t Im p r o v e m e n t, E x e c u tiv e

400 000

E s t i m a t e 1 9 5 7 , $ 4 0 0 ,0 0 0
PR OGRAM A N D F IN A N C IN G

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
Improving the management of executive
agencies (total obligations)............ ..........

$232,568

$444,302

-4 5 1 ,0 0 0
518,432

-5 1 8 ,4 3 2
74,130

-7 4 ,1 3 0

A p p ro p ria tio n ......._______________ _

300,000

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

A p p ro p r ia tio n ___________________________
Balance brought forward:

$300,000

$400,000

451,000

$518,432
21,065

74,130
40,000

751,000

539,497

514,130

425,367

434,130
40,000

211,503

425,367

474,130

518,432
21,065

74,130
40,000

40,000

751,000

539,497

514,130

Obligated________________________________
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.....................
}
Out of prior authorizations..........................
Total expenditures.................................
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated________________________________
Total expenditures and balances___

211,503

{

$474,130

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forw ard...
Unobligated balance carried forward—

474,130

AND BALANCES

1955 actual

F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y to a s s i s t the P r e s i d e n t i n i m p r o v i n g the
m a n a g e m e n t o f e x e c u tiv e a g e n c i e s a n d i n o b t a in in g g rea ter e c o n o m y
a n d e ffic ie n c y t h r o u g \ th e e s t a b lis h m e n t o f m o r e e ffic ie n t b u s i n e s s
m eth o d s i n G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s , in c lu d in g serv ic es as a u th o rized
b y s e c t i o n 1 5 o f the A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 ( 5 U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , a t r a te s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l s n o t to e x c e e d $ 7 5 p e r d i e m , b y a llo c a tio n to a n y a g e n c y
o r office i n th e e x e c u tiv e b r a n c h f o r the c o n d u c t , u n d e r the g e n e r a l
d i r e c t i o n o f the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t , o f e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d a p p r a i s a l s
o f , a n d th e d e v e l o p m e n t a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o f i m p r o v e m e n t s i n , the
o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d o p e r a t i o n s o f s u c h a g e n c y o r o f o th er a g e n c ie s i n the
e x e c u t iv e b r a n c h , $
,
, to r e m a i n a v a ila b le u n t i l e x p e n d e d , a n d
w h ic h s h a ll be a v a ila b le w it h o u t r e g a r d to the p r o v i s i o n s o f s u b s e c ti o n
(c ) o f s e c t i o n 8 6 7 9 o f th e R e v i s e d S t a tu te s , a s a m e n d e d .

1955 actual

31

PROGRAM

AND

400,000

PERFORM ANCE

T hese funds enable the President to have studies con ­
d u cted o f the organization and operations o f the executive
branch and to develop and install im provem ents therein.




MUTUAL SECURITY
T h e m utual security program prom otes the foreign
p olicy, security and general welfare o f the U nited States
b y assisting other free w orld nations to m aintain and in­
crease their m ilitary and econom ic strength. I t is n ow
con d u cted under the M u tu al Security A ct o f 1954, as
am ended. T h e execution of the program has been dele­
gated b y the President to the Secretaries o f State and

78

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

M U TU A L S E C U R IT Y — Continued

[ F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y t o e n a b le t h e P r e s id e n t t o c a r r y o u t th e
p r o v is io n s o f t h e M u t u a l S e c u r it y A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d (P u b lic
L a w 6 6 5 , a p p r o v e d A u g u s t 2 6 , 1 9 5 4 , as a m e n d e d b y P u b lic L a w 1 3 8 ,
E i g h t y -f o u r t h C o n g r e s s ), as f o l l o w s :]
A S S IS T A N C E

M ilit a r y A s s is t a n c e , E x e c u tiv e
M i l i t a r y A s s i s t a n c e , G e n e r a l, E x e c u t i v e
M i l i t a r y A s s i s t a n c e , In fr a s tr u c tu r e , E x e c u tiv e
[ M i l i t a r y a s s i s t a n c e : F o r a s s i s t a n c e a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 1 0 3 (a )
( 2 ) , in c lu d in g n o t t o e x c e e d $ 2 3 ,2 5 0 ,0 0 0 fo r a d m in is t r a t iv e e x p e n s e s
t o c a r r y o u t t h e p u r p o s e s o f t i t l e I , c h a p t e r 1, a n d s e c t i o n 1 2 4 ,
$ 7 0 5 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 , o f w h i c h $ 1 2 2 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f o r i n f r a ­
s t r u c t u r e a s a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 1 0 4 ( a ) ; a n d in a d d i t i o n n o t t o
e x c e e d $ 3 3 ,9 0 0 ,0 0 0 o f u n o b lig a te d a n d u n r e s e r v e d fu n d s h e r e to fo r e
a p p r o p r i a t e d u n d e r a u t h o r i t y o f s e c t i o n 1 0 3 (a ) ( 1 ) o f t h e M u t u a l
S e c u r it y A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d , a re c o n tin u e d a v a ila b le u n til
J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 6 , f o r t h e p u r p o s e s o f s e c t i o n 1 0 3 (a ) ( 2 ) ; ]
(M u tu a l
S e c u r i t y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 7 0 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0
PR O G R A M A N D F I N A N C IN G

(Balances of Departments of the Arm y, N avy, and Air Force allocations for June 30,1955,
are not certified under sec. 1311, Public Law 663)

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$620,000,000
77,800,000
535,000, 000
108,800,000

$400, 000,000
61,000,000
725,000,000

Program by activities:
1. Deliveries of materiel common to
United
States
requirements
ordered from:
(a) A rm y __ __________ _ _ _ __ _
(6) N a v y .. __ ___________ ._
(c) Air Force______ ________________
2. Offshore procurement______________ _




$608, 590,729
89,414,054
434,032,173
196,957,816

1957

C o n tin u e d
P R O G R AM A N D F I N A N C IN G -----c o n t i n u e d '

Defense. T h e D irector of the International C ooperation
A dm inistration in the D epartm ent of State has been
delegated responsibility for the general coordination of
the m utual security program .
G rants and loans m ade b y the U nited States to other
countries in furtherance o f the program take three prin­
cipal form s. Military assistance includes m ilitary end
item s produced in the U nited States and abroad and the
training of foreign m ilitary personnel to assure effective
use of the end items furnished. Direct forces support is
com posed of civilian -type good s and construction m a­
terials and services that go directly to m ilitary forces and
p rojects in certain countries receiving m ilitary assistance.
Other mutual security programs include com m odities
and services to enable certain countries to m aintain de­
fense forces, econ om ic and technical assistance to p ro­
m ote the econom ic d evelopm en t of the less-developed
areas of the world, and contributions to the U nited N a ­
tions and other international agencies for several volu n ­
tary m ultilateral program s. F rom the new funds app ro­
priated in 1955 and 1956 about $765 m illion o f assistance
is being p rovided in the form of surplus agricultural co m ­
m odities to those countries receiving m utual security
assistance. L ocal currency proceeds from the sale of
these com m odities b y the recipient countries will be used
in turn for the various requirem ents of the m utual security
program .
A ppropriation s required in 1957 to finance the m utual
security program under legislation to be proposed to the
Congress appear at the end o f this chapter.
A ll 1955 obligations h ave been certified under section
1311, P u blic L aw 663, 83d Congress, 2d session, except
som e of those in D epartm ent o f D efense allocation
accounts.

M IL IT A R Y

Y E A R

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities— Continued
3. N a v y shipbuilding in the United
States_____________ ___________ __ _
4. Expenses for supplying and deliver­
ing materiel_____
______
5. Training____ ______________ __ ___
6. M utual weapons development pro­
gram_______ ._ _ __________ ______
7. Surplus agricultural commodities.
8. Loans__________ _________ __________
9. Administration ___ __ ______ __
10. Contributions to construction of
facilities in other countries________
11. Contributions to North Atlantic
Treaty
Organization
military
headquarters_______
_ _________
12. Other activities_ . . . ________
_
___
Total obligations__________

____

$19,001,344

$55,000,000

101,167,355
39,393, 553

110,000,000
60, 000,000

21, 367, 747
39,414,000
15, 000,000
20,369,479

36, 000, 000

64,304,320

75.000.000

5,187, 253
45, 259,494

5,400, 000
20.000.000

1, 699,459,317

1, 500, 000
22,000,000

1,726, 500, 000 $1,186,000,000

Financing:
Comparative transfers to other accounts.
140,489, 865
Unobligated and unreserved balances
brought forward____ __
___________
-2,422,512,729
Reserved balances brought forward to
pay Department of Defense appropri­
ations for deliveries of materiel com­
mon to United States requirements
ordered in prior years- _ _ _ _____
Recovery of prior year obligations. _
-2,682,396,016
Unobligated and unreserved balances
___
carried forward __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
33,900, 000
Reserved balances carried forward to
pay Department of Defense appropri­
ations for future years’ deliveries of
materiel common to United States
requirements. ______________ __ _ _
4,178, 048, 810
Unobligated and unreserved balances
no longer available (expiring for obli­
gation). _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
187, 334,140
Transferred to “ M ilitary assistance”
shown under “ Proposed for later
transmission” at the end of this chap­
ter_________ _ _ . _ _______

Appropriation (adjusted) _________

PR O G R A M

AND

- 3 3 , 900,000

-85,000,000

-4,178,048,810

-3,105,448,810

85, 000, 000

3,105, 448, 810

1,134, 323,387

1, 919, 448, 810

85,000, 000
705,000,000

PERFORM ANCB

T h e m ajor activities o f the m ilitary assistance program
are (1) the provision o f m ateriel for the m ilitary forces o f
allied n ations; (2) the training o f their m ilitary personnel
to utilize such materiel ; (3) contributions to join t financing
o f certain international m ilitary facilities and activities,
especially in the N A T O area; and (4) the operation and
adm inistrative costs o f the program .
T hirty-seven foreign countries are now receiving grant
aid under the m ilitary assistance program . T h e program
is supporting in varyin g degrees in these countries m ore
than 200 divisions, 700 com batan t naval vessels, and
300 air squadrons. Congress has appropriated to date
m ore than $20.4 billion for the m ilitary assistance p ro ­
gram as the U nited States con tribution in this m utual
effort in which each ally m ust play a part com m ensurate
w ith its capabilities. T o date, approxim ately 69 percent
o f the equipm ent and supplies currently program ed
through 1956 has been shipped. T o assure effective use
and m aintenance o f the materiel, m em bers o f the forces
o f our allies have com pleted over 80,000 m ilitary training
courses paid for b y funds m ade available for the m ilitary
assistance program .
In the planning o f m ilitary assistance to be furnished our
allies in the N A T O area, from b oth prior-year and futureyear appropriations, added emphasis will be given to new
and m odern weapons. Increased em phasis will be given
to the establishm ent o f a m ore effective air defense
system .
D eliv ery o f end item s from the U nited States and
other elements o f the program are proceeding satis­
factorily and are generally continued under the program
for 1956 and 1957. U nder prior year program s the U nited

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

States has assisted in building up a defense production
base abroad b y placing orders of approxim ately $2.8
billion. This offshore procurem ent program in 1956 will
be used to m aintain, at the m inim um econ om ic rate of
production, certain plants that are vital to the m ainte­
nance o f this base. Th e m utual weapons developm ent
program continues at the 1955 level the effort to acceler­
ate the research and developm ent of advanced types of
non-nuclear w eapons b y our allies, and to com bine U nited
States know -how w ith the production capability o f our
allies to produce certain advanced weapons. Through
the sale of surplus agricultural com m odities in 1955,
foreign currencies were generated to m odernize certain
essential m ilitary forces. Loans for m ilitary m ateriel
continue at a m inim um level in 1956 because of the
nature o f such materiel. C ontributions for construction
of facilities in other countries represent the U nited States
share for 1956 of the N A T O infrastructure program under
w hich fixed m ilitary facilities such as airfields are being
built for com m on N A T O use and are being jo in tly fi­
nanced b y all N A T O countries.

TO

T H E

79

P R E S ID E N T

o b l ig a t io n s

by

o bjects—

c o n t in u e d

1956 estimata

Object classification

1957 estimate

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE
NAVY

2,090
1,999
2,315

2,983
2, 796
2,836

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

$4, 075
GS-5.4
$3, 892

$4, 227
GS-6.3
$3, 546

01 Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Other payments for personal services.

$5, 473, 240
21,050
727, 374

;6, 387, 229
24, 566
930,408

6, 221, 664
6, 580, 935
3,080,095
15, 949
86, 890
57, 683
8,116,464
23, 375, 890
174,458, 608
4, 744

7,342, 203
7,878, 845
5, 595,000
26, 600
106,000
34, 250
7, 494, 090
28, 899, 230
139, 679,132
4, 650

221,998,922

197,060,000

Total number of permanent positions-.
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of year__.

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

Total personal services-.
Travel_____________________
Transportation of things___
Communication services___
Rents and utility services...
Printing and reproduction..
Other contractual services _.
Supplies and materials____
Equipment________________
Taxes and assessments
Total, Department of the Navy___

$15,000, 000
46,000,000
61,000, 000

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions___
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____

ALLOCATION TO OFFICE OF THE
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE

Total number of permanent positions___
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary__________
Average grade__________
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates________
Other payments for personal serv-

145
149

183
3
171
183

$5, 404
GS-7.5

$6, 073
GS-7.8

156
1

$788, 320
15, 259
3,194
100,438

907. 211
198,147
14,193
28, 017
22, 581
21, 350, 621

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary____________________
Average grade_____________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary...
01

$998, 875
39, 000
4, 325
181, 700

1, 225, 000

18,037
13, 270
68, 964, 092
700
1,334
15, 000,000

Total, Office of the Secretary of
Defense__________________________

106, 518, 203

210,000

15, 700
34, 000
28,000
35, 756,000

08
09
13
15

200, 000
22,000

14, 000
79,800, 000

01

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Positions other than permanent_
_
Regular pay above 52-week base...
Payment above basic rates_______
Other payments for personal serv­
ices_____________________________
Total personal services_________
Travel_______________________________
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services_____________
Rents and utility services-----------------Printing and reproduction___________
Other contractual services___________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials_______________
Equipment---------------------------------------Taxes and assessments----------------------T o ta l, D e p a r tm e n t o f th e A r m y ..




21

1,484
1, 237

$5, 075
GS-6.7
$1, 629

$23, 588, 847
157, 279
92, 894
443, 004

$6, 227, 292
209,790
27, 541
54, 827

01

3, 641, 343

11,172, 725
6,904, 227
41, 522, 271
100,996
71, 927
111,381
2,139, 098
15, 671, 810
77, 568, 081
579, 912, 269
7, 771

02
03
04
05
06
07

4, 653, 275

27, 923,367
7, 919, 284
38,030, 716
103,392
103, 500
109, 829
2, 334, 021
144, 376,052
610, 659, 619
114, 708
831, 674,488

735,182, 556

$4,368
GS-6.2
$3, 892

$5, 456
GS-7.7
$2,046

$11, 553, 042

$2,344, 241
34, 500
9,016
1,123, 698

2

44, 433
1,199, 689
12, 797,164
7, 522,391
23, 814,189
63, 972
185, 605
27,357
4,418, 652

3, 511, 455
11,163,364
30, 214,978
5,300

812, 560
84, 896, 482
357, 599,141
423
69, 799

29,900
121, 900,000
476,925,000
500
2,890

163.320.000
561.680.000

492, 207, 735

670,436, 464

725,000,000

708
645
635

714
678
703

$9,055
FSO-4

$9,055
FSO-4

$5,137
FSS-10
$1, 267

$5,097
FSS-10.2
$1, 360

$863, 046
346
25,409
888, 801
41, 242
92, 640
179, 595
659, 930
11, 340
330, 530
2, 810, 627
243, 574
321, 735
44
322
589

5970, 427
307
23, 884
994, 618
49, 735
91,444
210, 899
920, 519
16, 865
436, 988
3, 073, 351
343, 992
374, 395

Average salaries and grades:
Foreign Service officer grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Foreign Service staff grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

1, 527

$4, 098
GS-5.4
$3,489

465
466

Total personal services____________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Labor contracts with foreign govern­
ments______________________________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent____________________________
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

Total number of permanent positions..
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of year...

117, 307,000

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE
ARMY

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary____________________
Average grade____________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary.

501

2, 673
3,186

28,400
26, 654, 677

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE

2, 300

16
6, 321
5,119

Personal services:
Permanent positions____________
Positions other than permanent..
Regular pay above 52-week base..
Payment above basic rates______

3,226

Total, Department of the Air Force.

02
03
04
05
06
07

1,100

Total personal services________
Travel______________________________
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services_____________
Printing and reproduction___________
Other contractual services___________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials______________
Equipment__________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments_______________
Investments and loans_______________

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE
AIR FORCE

08
09
11
13
15

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies
Supplies and materials________________
E q u ip m e n t..--------------------------------------Grants, subsidies, and contributions. _
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

Total, Department of State..
$98, 560,000
301,440,000
400,000, 000

5, 580, 969

202

322
650
6, 513, 980

ALLOCATION TO INTERNATIONAL COOPERA­
TION ADMINISTRATION

11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Total obligations__________________

41,479,000
1, 699, 459, 317

1, 726, 500,000

1,186, 000, 000

80

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

1957

C o n tin u e d

MUTUAL SECURITY— Continued
m il it a r y

a s s is t a n c e

Obligations b y Objects

— c o n t in u e d

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

M ilit a r y A s s is t a n c e , E x e c u t iv e — C o n tin u e d
07
08
09

B U D G E T A U T H O R I Z A T IO N S , E X P E N D I T U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$20,801,982
9,938, 263

$7,350,000
40, 972, 490
676,804

Total obligations..... ................................

(Balances of the Departments of the A rm y, N avy, and Air Force allocations for June 30,
1955, are not certified under sec. 1311, Public Law 663)

Other contractual services............. ..........
Supplies and materials.............................
Equipm ent....................................................

30, 740,245

48,999, 294

Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

1955 actual
Appropriation______________________________ $1,192,700,000
Transferred to “ Other mutual security
-58,376,613
programs” (68 Stat. 849)_________________
Adjusted appropriation........................
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated and unreserved.......................
Obligated_______ _______________________
Reserved to pay Department of Defense
appropriations for deliveries of ma­
teriel common to United States re­
quirements ordered in prior years........
Total budget authorizations avail­
able____________ ___________________

705,000,000

2,422, 512, 729
5,302,303,471

33,900,000
1,926,124,915

$85,000,000
1,334,624,915

4,178,048,810

3,105,448,810

6, 843,073, 725

4,525,073,725

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations___________
/ 141,673,980
}2, 272,411, 612
Out of prior authorizations______________
\2,176,326,020
Total expenditures__________________
Obligated balance transferred to “ Other
mutual security programs” (68 Stat.
837)_______________________________________
Unobligated and unreserved balance no
longer available (expiring for obligation).
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated and unreserved.......................
O bligated_______ ________ _______________
Reserved to pay Department of Defense
appropriations for future years’ de­
liveries of materiel common to United
States requirements___________________
Transferred to “ M ilitary assistance”
shown under “ Proposed for later
transmission” at the end of this chap­
ter _____________________________________

2,272, 411, 612

Total expenditures and balances___

1957 estimate

$19,114,350
9,555,175

$18,000,000

Budget Authorizations Available

1,134,323,387

8,859,139, 587

1956 estimate

$705,000,000

2, 318, 000, 000

Transferred from “ Foreign currency, sur­
plus agricultural commodities, sec. 550,
M utual Security Act, 1953, Interna,
tional Cooperation Administration”
(67 Stat. 159)...............................................
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated........................ ....... ..................
Obligated____________________________ ___
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Foreign currency, surplus agriculcultural commodities, sec. 550, M utual
Security A ct, 1953, International Co­
operation Administration” (67 Stat.
1 5 9 )............................................ ....................
Total budget authorizations avail­
able__________________________ _ .

1,950,000,000
1,950,000,000

187, 334,140
33, 900,000
1, 926,124,915

85, 000,000
1,334,624,915

570,624,915

4,178,048,810

3,105,448,810

6,843,073, 725

4, 525,073, 725

49,854, 595

58, 554,469

18,000,000

21,185,070

40, 554, 469

18,000,000

19,114,350
9, 555,175

18,000,000

49,854, 595

58, 554,469

1,919, 448, 810

8,859,139, 587

29,884, 944

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency funds)___________ ______
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated______________________________
O bligated.......................... ................................

261, 320,110

$49,854, 595

85, 000, 000

Total expenditures and balances___

18,000,000

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities,
section 402, Mutual Security Act of 1954, International Cooperation Administration,” to
supplement “ Military assistance”
[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities,
section 550, Mutual Security Act of 1953, International Cooperation Administration,”
to supplement “ Military assistance”

Program and Financing
1955 actual

[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]
Program by activities:
Offshore procurement (total obliga­
tions)_______________________________ __

Program and Financing
1955 actual
Program by activities:
Offshore procurement (total obliga­
tions) ______ ___________________ ______ -

$30, 740, 245

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Foreign currency, surplus agricul­
tural commodities, sec. 550, M utual
Security Act, 1953, International Co­
operation Administration” (67 Stat.
159) ____________________________________
Unobligated balance carried forward___

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$39,414,000

Financing:
Authorization to expend foreign cur­
rency receipts (68 Stat. 843)..
_ _

49,854,595

39,414,000

Program and Performance
-19,114,350

-29,884,944

These foreign currencies are transferred from the
section 402 inform ation schedule under “ O ther m utual
security program s” below . T h e currencies are used for
m ilitary m ateriel procured abroad for certain countries
receiving m ilitary assistance in accordan ce w ith agree­
m ents reached with those governm ents.

Program and Performance

These foreign currencies are transferred from the section
550 inform ation schedule under “ Other m utual security
program s” below . T h e currencies are used for m ilitary
materiel procured abroad for certain countries receiving
m ilitary assistance in accordance w ith agreements reached
w ith those governm ents.




1957 estimate

$48,999, 294

19,114,350

Authorization to expend foreign
currency receipts (67 Stat. 1 59)...

1956 estimate

Obligations b y Objects

Object classification
08
09

Supplies and materials ............................
Equipment____________________________
Total obligations......... ........................

1955 actual

1956 estimate
$25,714,000
13,700,000
39,414,000

1957 estimate

F U N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

TO

Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances

1955 actual

1956 estimate

T H E

81

P R E S ID E N T

DIRECT FORCES SUPPORT
1957 estimate

D ir e c t F o r c e s S u p p o rt, E x e c u t iv e
C o m m o n -U s e I t e m s , E x e c u tiv e
[ D i r e c t fo rc e s s u p p o r t : F o r a s s is ta n c e a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 1 2 4 ,
$ 3 0 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 a n d in a d d itio n $ 1 2 ,2 0 0 ,0 0 0 fo r a d d itio n a l a s s is ta n c e t o
F o r m o s a a n d T h a i la n d ;]
(M u t u a l S e c u r i t y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t ,
1 9 5 6 .)

Budget Authorizations Available
Transferred from “ Foreign currency,
surplus agricultural commodities, sec.
402, M utual Security Act, 1954, Inter­
national Cooperation Administration”
(68 Stat. 843)_____________________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

A p p r o p r ia t e d 1 9 5 6 , $ 3 1 7 ,2 0 0 ,0 0 0
$39,414,000
$25,200,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

39,414,000

25,200,000

14.214.000
25.200.000

25,200,000

39,414,000

25,200,000

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
Direct forces support____________________

$122, 547,867

$317,200,000

Financing:
Comparative transfers from “ Other
mutual security programs” (68 Stat.
843)_____________________________________
Unobligated balance no longer available-

-5 2 , 556,147
8,280

Appropriation (adjusted).....................

70,000,000

1957 estimate

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly
from foreign currency funds)____________
Obligated balance carried forward
_ .
Total expenditures and balances

317,200,000

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, Agricultural Trade Development
and Assistance Act of 1954, Defense” (Military assistance)
PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCB

[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]
Program and Financing
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program and activities:
Offshore procurement (total obliga­
tions) ___________________________________

$44,800,000

$13, 500,000

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward. _

13,500,000

Authorization to expend foreign
currency receipts (68 Stat. 456457)............................................................

58,300,000

-13,500,000

This program provides additional support directly to
the m ilitary establishments o f certain countries receiving
end item s under the m ilitary assistance program . Th is
direct support m a y include im ported civilian-type co m ­
m on-use items such as clothing, rations, petroleum p ro d ­
ucts, and m edical supplies, and the developm ent o f
facilities for the use o f the m ilitary. N ecessary local costs
o f the m ilitary are p rovid ed through the defense support
a ctiv ity under “ Other m utual security program s” below .
In all cases, the purpose o f direct forces support is the
sustenance of m ilitary forces im portant to the m utual
defense o f the free world.
OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Program and Performance

Foreign currencies, generated b y the sale o f agricultural
surplus com m odities under the A gricultural T rade D e v e l­
opm en t and Assistance A ct of 1954, are allocated to the
D epartm en t of D efense to procure m ilitary equipm ent,
materiels, facilities, and com m odities for the m utual
defense o f the U nited States and friendly nations. M ili­
ta ry p rojects totaling $58.3 m illion in 3 countries are to be
financed on a grant basis under sales agreements signed
before Septem ber 30, 1955.

Object classification

07
08
11

1955 actual

03
08
11

Transportation of things______________
Supplies and materials____ __________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions
Total, Department of the Arm y

272,712,000

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY

03
08
09

Transportation of things______________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent_____________ _______ ______ _

1,009,400
3,686, 200
9, 724,400

$7,000,000

$7,500,000
6,000,000

37,800,000

Total obligations____________________

44,800,000

14,420,000

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE
AIR FORCE

1957 estimate

Other contractual services______ ______
Supplies and materials________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions

1957 estimate

$15,714,000
246,142,000
10,856,000

Total, Department of the N a v y
1956 estimate

1956 estimate

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

Obligations by Objects
Object classification

1955 actual

07
08
09

12.665,324
16,177, 790
1,174,886

Total, Department of the Air Force.

13,500,000

Other contractual services_____ _____
Supplies and materials___ ______ ______
Equipm ent____ ____ _______________ ____

30,018,000

ALLOCATION TO OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
OF DEFENSE

02
09

Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Total budget authorizations avail­
able___________ ____________________

50,000

ALLOCATION TO INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION ADMINISTRATION

Budget Authorizations Available
Authorization to expend foreign currency
receipts (68 Stat. 456,457)______________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated., __________________________
Obligated________________________________

30.000
20.000

Total, Office of the Secretary of
Defense..__________________________

1957 estimate

Travel_________________________________
Equipm ent___________ _______________

11

$58,300,000
$13,500,000
3,500,000
58,300,000

17,000,000

Grants, subsidies, and contributions—

$122,547,867

Total obligations................................. .

122,547,867

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency funds)__________________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
Obligated
_
_ ______
Total expenditures and balances




1955 actual
41.300.000

17,000,000

13.500.000
3,500,000
58,300,000

17,000,000

317,200,000

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation______________________________
Transferred from “ Other mutual security
programs” (68 Stat. 8 4 9 ) .........................

$60,000,000

Adjusted appropriation........ ...............

70,000,000

$317,200,000

10,000,000
317,200,000

1957 estimate

82

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

d ir e c t

F orces

forces

suppo r t—

c o n tin u e d

S u p p o rt, E x e c u t iv e — C o n tin u e d

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- C o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$50,559,670

$221, 759,670

367, 759, 670

221, 759, 670

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE— COn.

Obligated balance brought forward_______
Total budget authorization, avail­
able___________ . . __. _ . . . _____

$70,000,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations.-. _ __
Out of prior authorizations ___________

19, 432, 050

101, 504, 000
44, 496,000 ""'150,"666,'O O
O

Total expenditures
______________
Balances no longer available___ __
Obligated balance carried forward______ __

19, 432, 050
8, 280
50, 559, 670

146,000,000
221, 759, 670

71, 759, 670

Total expenditures and balances___

70,000,000

367, 759, 670

221, 759,670

150,000, 000

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities
section 402, Mutual Security Act of 1954, International Cooperation Administration,” to
supplement “ Direct forces support”
[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]
Program and Financing
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
Direct forces support (total obligations).

1957 estimate

$16,000,000

Financing:
Transferred from “ Other mutual secur­
ity programs” (68 Stat. 843) _
_____

16,000,000

Program and Performance

These foreign currencies are transferred from the sec­
tion 402 information schedule under “ Other mutual secu­
rity programs” below. The currencies are used for the
procurement of civilian-type goods and construction
materials and services for direct forces support programs
in military forces in certain countries participating in the
military assistance program.
Obligations by Objects
11

Grants, subsidies, and contributions— 1956, $16,000,000.
Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Budget Authorizations Available
Transferred from “ Other mutual security
programs” (68 Stat. 843)_
_.
. __
Obligated balance brought forward
Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____ _________________ ______

$16,000,000
$6,000,000
16,000,000

6,000,000

10,000,000
6,000,000

6,000,000

16,000,000

6,000,000

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency funds) _ . __________ __
Obligated balance carried forward
Total expenditures and balances

OTHER

MUTUAL

S E C U R IT Y

PROGRAM S

D e fe n s e S u p p o rt, E u r o p e , E x e c u tiv e
D e f e n s e S u p p o rt, N e a r E a s t a n d A fr ic a , E x e c u tiv e
D e fe n s e S u p p o rt, A s ia , E x e c u tiv e
D e v e lo p m e n t A s s is t a n c e , N e a r E a s t a n d A fr ic a , E x e c u tiv e
D e v e lo p m e n t A s s is ta n c e , A s ia , E x e c u tiv e




Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

M U TU A L S E C U R IT Y — Continued

D ir e c t

F IS C A L

1957

C o n tin u e d

D e v e lo p m e n t
A s s is ta n c e ,
A m e r ic a n
R e p u b lic s
and
N o n -S e lfG o v e r n in g T e r r ito r ie s o f th e W e s t e r n H e m i s p h e r e , E x e c u t iv e
T e c h n ic a l C o o p e r a tio n , G e n e r a l, E x e c u t iv e
U n ite d
N a t io n s
Expanded
P rogram
of
T e c h n ic a l
A s s is ta n c e ,
E x e c u tiv e
T e c h n ic a l C o o p e r a tio n P r o g r a m s o f th e O r g a n iz a t io n o f A m e r ic a n
S t a t e s , E x e c u tiv e
S p e c ia l P r e s id e n tia l F u n d , E x e c u t iv e
S p e c i a l A s s i s t a n c e in J o i n t C o n t r o l A r e a s i n E u r o p e , E x e c u t i v e
I n t e r g o v e r n m e n t a l C o m m it t e e fo r E u r o p e a n M i g r a t i o n , E x e c u t iv e
U n ite d N a tio n s R e fu g e e F u n d , E x e c u tiv e
E s c a p e e P r o g r a m , E x e c u tiv e
U n ite d N a t io n s C h ild r e n ’ s F u n d , E x e c u tiv e
U n ite d N a tio n s R e lie f a n d W o r k s A g e n c y , E x e c u tiv e
N o r t h A tla n tic T r e a t y O r g a n iz a t io n , E x e c u t iv e
O c e a n F r e ig h t C h a r g e s , U n it e d S t a t e s V o lu n t a r y R e l i e f A g e n c i e s ,
E x e c u tiv e
O c e a n F r e ig h t C h a r g e s , S u r p lu s A g r ic u ltu r a l C o m m o d i t ie s , E x e c u ­
tiv e
C o n tro l A c t E x p e n s e s , E x e c u tiv e
A d m in is tr a tiv e
E xpen ses,
S e c tio n
411,
M u tu a l
S e c u r ity
A c t,
E x e c u tiv e
P r e s id e n t ’ s F u n d fo r A s ia n E c o n o m ic D e v e l o p m e n t , E x e c u t iv e
B a s ic M a te r ia ls D e v e lo p m e n t, E x ec u tive
C o n tr ib u tio n s
to the I n t e r g o v e r n m e n t a l
C o m m itte e f o r
E uropean
M ig r a tio n , E x ec u tiv e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s to the N o r t h A t l a n t i c T r e a t y O r g a n iz a t i o n , E x e c u t i v e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s f o r P r o g r a m s o f the O r g a n iz a t i o n o f A m e r i c a n S t a te s ,
E x e c u tiv e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s to the U n i t e d N a t i o n s C h i l d r e n ’ s F u n d , E x e c u t i v e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s to U n i t e d N a t i o n s E x p a n d e d P r o g r a m o f T e c h n i c a l
A s s is ta n c e , E x e c u tiv e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s to
U n ited N a tio n s K o r e a n R eco n str u c tio n A g e n c y ,
E x ec u tiv e
C o n t r i b u t i o n s to the U n i t e d N a t i o n s R e l i e f a n d W o r k s A g e n c y , E x e c u ­
tive
D e f e n s e S u p p o r t , F a r E a s t a n d the P a c i f ic , E x e c u t i v e
D e fe n s e S u p p o r t, N e a r E a s t, A fr ic a a n d S o u th A s i a , E x ec u tiv e
D ev e lo p m en t A s s is ta n c e , S o u th A s i a , E x e c u tiv e
E c o n o m ic a n d T e ch n ica l A s s is ta n c e , A s i a a n d P a c ific , T itle I I I ,
M u tu a l S e c u r ity A c t, E x ec u tive
E c o n o m ic a n d T e c h n ic a l A s s is ta n c e , D e fe n s e S u p p o r t, A s i a a n d P a ­
c ific , O th e r T h a n F o r m o s a a n d the A s s o c i a t e d S t a te s o f C a m b o d i a ,
L a o s , a n d V ie tn a m , E x e c u tiv e
E c o n o m i c a n d T e c h n ic a l A s s i s t a n c e , N e a r E a s t a n d A f r i c a , E x e c u ­
tive
K o r e a n P r o g r a m , E x ec u tiv e
M o v e m e n t o f M ig r a n ts , E x ec u tiv e
M u ltila te r a l T e c h n ic a l C o o p e r a tio n , E x e c u tiv e
M u t u a l D e fe n s e F in a n c in g , D e fe n s e S u p p o r t, E c o n o m ic a n d T e c h n i­
ca l A s s i s t a n c e , E u r o p e , E x e c u t i v e
M u tu a l D e fe n s e F in a n c in g , D e fe n s e S u p p o r t, E c o n o m ic a n d T e c h n i­
ca l A s s i s t a n c e , F o r m o s a a n d the A s s o c i a t e d S t a te s o f C a m b o d i a , L a o s ,
a n d V ie tn a m , E x ec u tive
M u t u a l D e fe n s e F in a n c in g , M a n u fa c tu r in g in F r a n c e, E x ecu tiv e
M u t u a l D e f e n s e F i n a n c i n g , M a n u f a c t u r i n g i n the U n i t e d K i n g d o m ,
E x ec u tiv e
O c e a n F r e ig h t C h a r g e s , E x e c u t i v e
O c e a n F r e ig h t , V o l u n t a r y R e l i e f S h i p m e n t s , E x e c u t i v e
P a le s tin e R e fu g e e P r o g r a m , E x e c u tiv e
P r o d u c tio n f o r F o r c es S u p p o r t, E x ecu tiv e
R e l i e f a n d R e h a b il i t a t i o n i n K o r e a , E x e c u t i v e
R e l i e f a n d R e s e tt l e m e n t o f R e f u g e e s E n t e r i n g I s r a e l , E x e c u t i v e
S o u t h e a s t A s i a a n d the W e s t e r n P a c i f ic , E x e c u t i v e
S p e c ia l E c o n o m ic A ss is ta n c e , I n d ia an d P a k is ta n , E x e c u tiv e
S p e c ia l E c o n o m ic A s s is ta n c e , N e a r E a s t a n d A fr ic a , E x e c u tiv e
S p e c ia l T ec h n ic a l a n d E c o n o m ic A s s is ta n c e , A s i a a n d P a c ific , T itle
I I I , M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t, E x e c u tiv e
T e c h n ic a l A s s is ta n c e , A m e r ic a n R e p u b lic s a n d N o n -S e lf-G o v e r n in g
T e r r i t o r ie s o f the W e s t e r n H e m i s p h e r e , E x e c u t i v e
I n d i a E m e r g e n c y F o o d A i d , E x e c u t i v e O ffice o f the P r e s i d e n t
[ D e f e n s e s u p p o r t, E u r o p e : F o r a ss ista n c e a u th o r iz e d b y s e c t io n
1 3 1 (c ) ( 1 ) , $ 8 5 , 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 : P r o v i d e d , T h a t a t l e a s t $ 5 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 , o n a
g r a n t b a s i s , s h a ll b e m a d e a v a i l a b l e f o r a s s i s t a n c e t o S p a i n e x c l u s i v e
o f T e c h n ic a l
E x c h a n g e : P r o v id ed fu r th e r,
That
n o t le ss t h a n
$ 2 2 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 o f t h e a m o u n t a v a ila b le fo r S p a in s h a ll b e u s e d fo r
a g r i c u lt u r a l c o m m o d i t i e s ; ]
[ D e fe n s e su p p o rt, N e a r E a s t a n d A fr ic a : F o r a ssista n c e a u th o r ­
i z e d b y s e c t i o n 1 3 1 (c ) ( 2 ) , $ 1 1 3 , 7 0 0 , 0 0 0 i n c l u d i n g n o t le s s t h a n
$ 2 6 ,2 0 0 ,0 0 0 fo r a s s is ta n c e t o G r e e c e ;]
[ D e fe n s e su p p o r t, A s ia : F o r a ssista n c e a u th o r iz e d b y se c tio n 131
(c ) ( 3 ) , $ 8 0 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ; a n d i n a d d i t i o n n o t t o e x c e e d $ 2 5 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 o f
u n o b lig a t e d b a la n c e s o f fu n d s h e r e t o fo r e a p p r o p r ia te d u n d e r a u t h o r ­

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

it y o f s e c tio n 1 21 o f th e M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , as a m e n d e d ,
a re h e r e b y c o n tin u e d a v a ila b le t h r o u g h J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 6 ; ]
[ D e v e l o p m e n t a s s is ta n c e , N e a r E a s t a n d A fr ic a : F o r a ssista n c e
a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (c ) f o r p u r p o s e s o f s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (a ) ( 1 ) ,
$ 7 3 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ D e v e l o p m e n t a s s is ta n c e , A s i a : F o r a s s is ta n c e a u th o r iz e d b y
s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (c ) f o r p u r p o s e s o f s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (a ) ( 2 ) , $ 5 1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ; ]
[ D e v e l o p m e n t a s sis ta n c e ,
A m e r ic a n
R e p u b lic s a n d n o n -s e lfg o v e r n in g te r r ito r ie s o f t h e W e s t e r n H e m is p h e r e : F o r a s s is ta n c e
a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (c ) f o r p u r p o s e s o f s e c t i o n 2 0 1 (a ) ( 3 ) ,
$ 3 8 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ T e c h n i c a l c o o p e r a tio n , g e n e ra l a u th o r iz a t io n : F o r a ss ista n c e a u ­
th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 3 0 4 (b ) , $ 1 2 7 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ U n i t e d N a tio n s e x p a n d e d p r o g r a m o f te c h n ic a l a ssista n c e : F o r
c o n t r i b u t i o n s a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 3 0 6 ( a ) , $ 2 4 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 , w h i c h s h a ll
c o n s titu te th e t o t a l U n it e d S ta te s c o n tr ib u tio n th r o u g h D e c e m b e r
3 1 , 1 9 5 6 ;]
[ T e c h n i c a l c o o p e r a tio n p r o g r a m s o f th e O r g a n iz a tio n o f A m e r ic a n
S ta te s:
For
c o n t r ib u t io n s
a u th o r iz e d
by
s e c tio n
306
(b ),
$ 1 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ S p e c i a l P r e s id e n tia l F u n d : F o r a s s is ta n c e a u th o r iz e d b y s e c t io n
4 0 1 (b ), $ 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ S p e c i a l a s s is ta n c e in jo i n t c o n tr o l a re a s in E u r o p e : F o r a s s is ta n c e
a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 4 0 3 ( b ) , $ 2 1 , 0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[I n t e r g o v e r n m e n t a l C o m m it t e e fo r E u r o p e a n M ig r a t io n : F o r
c o n t r ib u t io n s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 4 0 5 ( a ), $ 1 2 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 : P r o v id e d ,
T h a t n o f u n d s a p p r o p r i a t e d i n t h i s A c t s h a ll b e u s e d t o a s s i s t d i r e c t l y
i n t h e m i g r a t i o n t o a n y n a t i o n in t h e W e s t e r n H e m i s p h e r e o f a n y
p e r s o n n o t h a v i n g a s e c u r i t y c le a r a n c e b a s e d o n r e a s o n a b l e s t a n d a r d s
to
in s u r e
a g a in s t
C o m m u n is t
in filtr a tio n
in
th e
W e ste rn
H e m i s p h e r e ;]
[ U n i t e d N a t io n s R e fu g e e F u n d : F o r c o n t r ib u t io n s a u th o r iz e d b y
s e c tio n 4 0 5 (c ), $ 1 ,2 0 0 , 0 0 0 ; ]
[ E s c a p e e p r o g r a m : F o r a ss ista n c e a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 4 0 5 (d ),
$ 6 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ U n i t e d N a t io n s C h ild r e n ’ s F u n d : F o r c o n tr ib u tio n s a u th o r iz e d
b y s e c t i o n 4 0 6 ( b ) , $ 1 4 , 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 , w h i c h s h a ll c o n s t i t u t e t h e t o t a l
U n it e d S ta te s c o n tr ib u tio n t h r o u g h D e c e m b e r 3 1 , 1 9 5 6 ;]
[ U n i t e d N a t io n s R e lie f a n d W o r k s A g e n c y : F o r c o n tr ib u tio n s
a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 4 0 7 ( b ) , $ 5 8 , 3 6 6 , 7 5 0 ; a n d in a d d i t i o n n o t t o
e x c e e d $ 3 ,6 3 3 ,2 5 0 o f t h e u n o b lig a te d b a la n c e s o f fu n d s a p p r o p r i­
a t e d u n d e r t h e h e a d “ P a l e s t i n e R e f u g e e P r o g r a m ” in t h e M u t u a l
S e c u r ity A p p r o p r ia t io n A c t , 1 9 5 4 , a r e c o n tin u e d a v a ila b le t h r o u g h
J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 6 , fo r t h e p u r p o s e s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 4 0 7 ; ]
[ N o r t h A t la n tic T r e a t y O r g a n iz a tio n : F o r p a y m e n ts a u th o r iz e d
b y s e c tio n 4 0 8 , $ 3 ,7 0 0 , 0 0 0 ; ]
[ O c e a n f r e i g h t c h a r g e s , U n i t e d S t a t e s v o l u n t a r y r e li e f a g e n c i e s :
F o r p a y m e n t s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n 4 0 9 (c ), $ 2 ,0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ; ]
[ O c e a n f r e i g h t c h a r g e s , s u r p lu s a g r i c u lt u r a l c o m m o d i t i e s : F o r
p a y m e n t s a u th o r iz e d b y se c tio n 4 0 9 (d ), $ 1 3 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ C o n t r o l A c t e x p e n s e s : F o r c a r r y in g o u t t h e p u r p o s e s o f t h e
M u t u a l D e f e n s e A s s is ta n c e C o n t r o l A c t o f 1 9 5 1 , a s a u th o r iz e d b y
s e c tio n 4 1 0 , $ 1 , 1 7 5 , 0 0 0 ; ]
[ A d m in is t r a t i v e e x p e n s e s : F o r e x p e n se s a u th o r iz e d b y s e c tio n
4 1 1 , $ 3 3 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 ;]
[ P r e s i d e n t s F u n d fo r A s ia n E c o n o m ic D e v e lo p m e n t : F o r th e
P r e s id e n t ’ s F u n d fo r A s ia n E c o n o m ic D e v e lo p m e n t as a u th o r iz e d b y
s e c tio n 4 1 8 ( b ) , $ 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 t o r e m a in a v a ila b le u n til J u n e 3 0 ,
1 9 5 8 .]
( M u t u a l S e c u r i t y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 ,6 8 1 ,1 4 1 ,7 5 0
PROGRAM AND FINANCING

(Balances of Department of the Army allocations for June 30, 1955, are not certified
under sec. 1311, Public Law 663)
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Program by activities:
1. Defense support:
(а) Europe_________________________
(б) Near East and Africa__________
(c) Asia_____________________________
2. Development assistance:
(a) Near East and Africa__________
(fr) Asia_____________________________
(c) Western Hemisphere__________
3. Technical cooperation:
(a) General_________________________
(b) United Nations________________
(c) O rgan ization of A m e ric an
States-------------------------------------4. Other programs:
(a) Special presidential fund_______
(b) Joint control areas in Europe...
(c) Intergovernmental Committee
for European Migration_____
(d) United Nations refugee fu n d ...
(e) Escapee program____ __________
(/) United Nations children’s fund.
360000— 5 6 -




-6

$227, 663, 476
110, 382, 424
959,315, 061

$87, 341, 294
114,100, 000
809, 734, 577

151, 700, 547
86, 851,174
17, 732,418

73, 400, 000
51, 000, 000
38.500, 000

124, 822,097
16,457, 621

128, 910, 335
24,000, 000

1,135, 768

1, 500, 000
100,000, 000

32, 722,082

21, 400,000

10,500,000

12, 500, 000

5,696, 877
12,500, 000

14.500, 000

1, 200, 000
6, 000, 000

1957 estimate

TO

T H E

83

P R E S ID E N T

PROGRAM AND FINANCING---- c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

Program by activities—Continued
4. Other programs— Continued
(g) United Nations Relief and
Works Agency_______
_ ( ) Ocean freight charges, United
States voluntary relief agen­
cies. ___ _________ - _ _
(i) Ocean freight charges, surplus
agricultural commodities— .
(j) Control act expenses_____ _ _
(k) Administrative expenses (other
than military assistance)., __
(0 President’s fund for Asian
economic development______
) Special programs___ _______ . . .

h

(m

Total obligations________ . . .

1956 estimate

$16, 700,000

1957 estimate

$16, 700,000

1,487, 200

2,000,000

11, 457, 205
1,076, 029

13.000, 000
1,175, 000

32,407, 796

34, 846, 000
20.000, 000

$80,000,000

1,571,807, 206

80,000,000

28, 734,982
1, 849,342,757

Financing:

Comparative transfers from (—) or to
other accounts
_
..
_
-8 4 , 507, 696
Unobligated balance brought forward:
Annual appropriation acts.
_ ...
-56,133, 250
Other legislative authority:
Appropriation. _
_ ___ ___ _
- 1 , 413, 592
Authorization to expend from pub­
-2 4 , 273
lic debt receipts _ _
_
_
Recovery of prior year obligations_
_ . -171,579,100
Unobligated balance carried forward:
13, 617, 827
Annual appropriation acts.. _ ___
Other legislative authority:
Appropriation.
_
________
906, 335
Authorization to expend from pub­
lic debt receipts __ __ __
141, 294
Transferred to “ Other mutual security
programs” shown under “ Proposed
•for later transmission” at end of this
chapter.-- _
.
_ ______
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)______
26, 826,127
Appropriation (adjusted) __________

1, 577,176, 429

3, 700,000
- 1 3 , 617, 827

-45,300,000

-9 0 6 , 335

-80,000,000

-1 4 1 , 294
-5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0
45,300,000
80,000, 000

45,300,000

1, 681,141, 750

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

1. Defense support.— These program s p rovide the sup­
plem ental resources required in certain countries to carryon a defense effort o f the size regarded as essential to
m utual defense. T h e prim ary purpose o f defense support
is the attainm ent o f m ilitary ob jectives rather than the
econom ic benefits w hich m ay incidentally accrue to the
recipient nation. In som e cases, defense support con ­
tributes to this ob jective b y generating local currency for
the m ilitary budget, b y increasing p rodu ctive facilities
which will directly affect m ilitary strength, and b y assist­
ing in public works which strengthen the defense potential
of the country. In other cases, defense support provides
the econ om ic resources needed to sustain an essential rate
of econ om ic grow th while building and m aintaining m ili­
tary forces vital to the free world.
(a) Europe.— The decrease in size o f this program is in
recognition o f the econom ic recovery o f E urope. T h e
1956 program includes assistance on ly for Spain and
Y u goslavia and for a technical exchange program w ith the
countries of W estern Europe.
(b) Near East and Africa.— C ontinued assistance is
required because several countries, in the interest o f the
m utual defense o f the free world, have sizable m ilitary
forces beyon d their econom ic capacity to support.
(c) Asia.— The need to develop m ilitary strength and
political stability in this area continues to be great.
Som e decrease has been possible, how ever, since the cessa­
tion o f hostilities in Indochina and the em ergency period
that followed.
2. Development assistance.— This assistance is given to
prom ote the econ om ic developm ent and to create and
m aintain econ om ic and political stability. D evelop m en t
assistance provides supplies, com m odities, or funds often
as a supplem ent to technical cooperation projects. D e ­
velopm ent assistance projects or activities are those in
which the U nited States and the recipient cou n try share
a m utual interest which cannot be financed with private

84

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

m utual

s e c u r it y

program s—

c o n tin u e d

or other funds, and w hich w ould n ot be carried out at the
rate desirable for U nited States foreign p olicy reasons.
(а) Near East and Africa.— D evelop m en t assistance in
this area is prim arily directed tow ard strengthening o f
individual cou n try econom ies and governm ents and to ­
ward the im provem ent o f intergovernm ental relationships
in this troubled area. T h e decrease from 1955 to 1956
is prim arily due to a shift o f the Iran program to defense
support in 1956.
(б) Asia.— T h e 1956 program continues the program
in India at a reduced rate. I t also includes a small program
in N epal.
(c) Western Hemisphere.— T he 1956 program is con ­
centrated in B olivia, G uatem ala, and H aiti, which are
undergoing critical econ om ic crises, requiring increased
United States assistance.
3. Technical cooperation.— This program provides for
the interchange o f technical knowledge, experience,
techniques, and skills w ith the people o f the less-developed
areas o f the w orld to help them further their econom ic
developm ent and increase their standards o f living.
Teaching, training, and the exchange o f technical infor­
m ation are em phasized and the on ly supplies and equip­
m ent p rovided are those required for effective teaching
and dem onstration. Besides bilateral program s between
the U nited States and other nations, the U nited States
contributes to the m ultilaterally financed technical assist­
ance program of the O rganization of A m erican States and
the U nited N ations expanded technical assistance program .
The bilateral program s are coordinated w ith these m ulti­
lateral program s to prevent duplication o f effort.
(a) General.— In fiscal year 1956, the U nited States
bilateral program will continue at approxim ately the
1955 level for the group o f countries where program s o f
this type have been in existence for som e time. The
increase in obligations will be used in those countries
where the program has just been initiated.
( b) United Nations.— F or calendar year 1955 U nited
N ations program s, the U nited States contributed $15
m illion, representing 53.6 percent o f total contributions.
The fiscal year 1956 appropriation funded $8.5 m illion
o f this and provided up to $15.5 m illion for our pledge to
the calendar year 1956 program .
T h e U nited States
contribution in 1956 will n ot exceed 50 percent o f total
contributions.
(c) Organization of American States.— F or fiscal years
1955 and 1956 the U nited States appropriated and pledged
up to $1.5 m illion a year w ith the proviso that the U nited
States con tribu tion w ould n ot exceed 70 percent o f the
total governm ent contributions.
In 1955 the U nited
States con tribu tion was $1,135,768 and in 1956 it is
expected to reach $1.5 m illion.
4. Other programs— (a) Special presidential fund.— An
am ount o f $100 m illion was appropriated for use b y the
President to m eet unanticipated requirements.
This
special fund is available for all m utual security program
purposes.
(b) Joint control areas in Europe.— This fund covers
investm ent and reconstru ction projects in Berlin and
technical exchange p rojects in Berlin, the Federal R e p u b ­
lic o f G erm any, and Austria.

(c) Intergovernmental Committee for European Migra­
tion.— C ontributions to this international agency are used
to facilitate the m ovem en t o f surplus populations from




Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

M U T U A L SE C U R IT Y — Continued
other

F IS C A L

1957

C o n tin u e d

countries in W estern E u rope to countries affording reset­
tlem ent opportunities elsewhere. T h e com m ittee expects
to m ove approxim ately 119,000 E uropean m igrants in
calendar year 1955 and expects the num ber to be 125,900
in 1956. T h e U nited States contribu tion will increase
from $9.5 m illion in 1955 to $10.2 m illion in 1956. T h e
appropriation o f $12.5 m illion in fiscal year 1956 covers
the U nited States con tribu tion to the calendar year 1956
program .
(d) United Nations refugee fund.— This U nited N ations
program seeks a solution to the problem o f the unassim ­
ilated residual refugee p opu lation prim arily in W estern
E urope. There was no fiscal year 1955 appropriation for
con tribu tion to this program . T h e fiscal year 1956
appropriation provides for a U nited States con tribu tion to
the calendar year 1955 program o f $1.2 m illion, p rovided
it does n o t exceed one-third o f total govern m en t
contributions.
(e) Escapee program.— Supplem entary care and m ain­
tenance is provid ed for certain refugees from behind the
Iron Curtain and assistance is rendered for their perm anent
resettlem ent. In calendar year 1956 the program will
continue as in past years, w ith emphasis on local integra­
tion in E u rope for those w ho can n ot be resettled elsewhere.
( /) United Nations Children'1 Fund.— T h e U nited States
s
contributes to this fund w hich assists underdeveloped
countries in developing long-range children’s health and
welfare program s. T h e U nited States con tribu tion o f $9
m illion in calendar year 1955 represented approxim ately
60 percent o f total govern m en t contributions, while the
1956 proposed contribu tion o f $9.7 m illion w ou ld repre­
sent 57.5 percent o f the total. T h e fiscal year 1956 app ro­
priation covers a part o f the calendar year 1955 con tri­
bution and all of the calendar year 1956 contribution.
(g) United Nations Relief and Works Agency.— C on tri­
butions to Palestine refugee agency help con d u ct relief
and resettlem ent operations for refugees from Palestine.
D uring fiscal year 1955 subsistence rations for nearly
900,000 refugees were provid ed. Engineering studies for
large developm ent p rojects leading tow ard refugee em ­
p loym ent were nearly com pleted and a prim ary school
program for m ore than 150,000 refugee children was sup­
ported. Because o f political and technical problem s it is
unlikely that w ork on the developm en t p rojects will be
initiated during fiscal year 1956. C ontributions totaling
$16.7 m illion are planned for fiscal year 1956 to continue
the relief portion o f the program at approxim ately the
1955 level.
(h) Ocean freight charges, United States voluntary relief
agencies.— A b o u t 50 volu n tary, nonprofit relief agencies
are reimbursed for ocean freight charges on supplies
d onated b y private individuals and shipped to countries
w hich have concluded relief agreements. A b o u t $28 m il­
lion o f donated foodstuffs, clothing, handtools, and m edical
and school supplies will be shipped in fiscal year 1956.
(i) Ocean freight, surplus agricultural commodities.— T h e
International C ooperation A dm inistration covers the cost
o f shipping surplus com m odities to friendly peoples to
m eet disaster relief requirem ents as p rovid ed in the
Agricultural T rade D evelop m en t and Assistance A ct o f
1954 and to p ay the ocean freight costs o f donations m ade
to eligible U nited States volu n tary agencies for distribu­
tion overseas to needy people. D u rin g fiscal year 1955,
authorizations o f $109 m illion w orth o f surplus agricul­
tural com m odities were issued to m eet disaster relief
needs. In addition, $167 m illion o f such com m odities,
donated to volu n tary agencies, were authorized.

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

TO

(j) Control Act expenses.— T h e International C oopera­
tion A dm inistration coordinates a program to deter exports
o f strategic materials from friendly countries to potential
or actual aggressor nations.
(k) Administrative expenses (other than military assist­
ance).— A dm inistrative expenses are p rovided for all
m utual security program s other than those administered
b y the D epartm en t o f D efense.
(I) President’s fund for Asian economic development.—
This fund was m ade available through fiscal year 1958 to
provid e financial support for regional developm ent p ro j­
ects in this critical area of the world. D evelopm en t
assistance is extended to p rojects which benefit several
countries, or the region as a whole, b u t which would p ro b ­
a bly n ot be undertaken b y any one cou n try b y itself. In
addition to supporting p rojects w hich will be of im portance
in increasing the econom ic grow th of the area, the fund will
have the effect of dem onstrating the desirability and u tility
of regional cooperation.
(m) Special programs.— Special grant projects and items
o f an em ergency relief nature are required from time to
time for hum anitarian and other purposes.

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

A L L O C A T I O N TO INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION ADMINISTRATION

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Grades established by the Director, In­
ternational Cooperation Adm inis­
tration, pursuant to Public Law
665:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Grades established by the Foreign Serv­
ice Act of 1946, as amended (22 U .S .
C. 801-1158):
Foreign Service reserve grades:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________
Foreign Service staff grades:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal serv­
ices_________________________________

Total personal services_________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies
08 Supplies and materials________________
09 Equipment____________________________
10 Lands and structures_________________
11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions
12 Pensions, annuities, and insurance
claims_______________________________
13 Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
15 Taxes and assessments________________
16 Investments and loans________________
Unvouchered______________________________

02
03
04
05
06
07

Total, International Cooperation
Administration_. _..............................

7, 531
106
6, 180
6, 526

$6,110

$6, 604
GS-8.9

Object classification

o bjec ts—

c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
a g r i c u l t u r e — continued

Average salaries and grades—Con.
Grades established by the Director, In­
ternational Cooperation Adminis­
tration, pursuant to Public Law
665:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________

$7, 725
ICA-5.6

$8, 925
ICA-5.5

Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates________
Other payments for personal services

$1, 064, 761
41,393
3, 051
32, 627
26,053

$1,143,086
44, 989
5, 982
42, 540
24, 000

Total personal services__________
02 Travel______________________________
03 Transportation of things_____________
04 Communication services_____________
05 Rents and utility services___________
06 Printing and reproduction___________
07 Other contractual services___________
Services performed by other agencies.
08 Supplies and materials______________
09 Equipment___________ _ ___________
11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
15 Taxes and assessments.

1,167,885
116, 260
6,925,164
19, 405
4,156
14, 771
155,683
51,935
17, 894, 831
16,977
877, 501
1,887

1, 260, 597
119,530
6,931,165
19.675
5, 945
12, 370
123, 241
41, 845
17, 928,151
24, 872
1, 775,000
1,795

27, 246,455

28, 244,186

Subtotal__________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation Ad­
ministration___________________________

27, 246,196

28, 243,600

27, 246,196

28, 243,600

$4,932
GS-7.3

$5, 287
GS-7.7

$225,984

$273, 895
1,053

226, 853
5,638,996
332
67, 682, 082
20,877,165

274, 948
4, 400,000
940
87, 505, 623
32, 311, 385

94,425,428

124, 492, 896

78, 934, 601

120, 592, 896

15, 490, 827

3, 900, 000

273
301

77
397
409

01

259

86

$11, 727
ICA-3

$10, 817
FSR-2.3

01

$39,106, 364
530,165
136, 554
4, 947, 937

231,104
39, 951, 017
13, 586, 032
11, 065, 222
1, 885, 633
3, 404,113
1, 661, 798
35,087,048
16, 536, 031
422,867, 560
40, 515,128
180,058
, 069, 727,447

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary__________
Average grade__________

$7, 577
FSS-5.4
$1, 496

$35, 381, 451
622, 799
128,140
3, 587, 523

Total number of permanent positions..
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of year...

$10, 441
FSR-2.7

$7, 309
FSS-5.4
$1, 516

a l l o c a t io n t o d e p a r t m e n t o f t h e a r m y

$12, 578
ICA-3

211, 800
44, 932, 820
12, 500, 000
15, 947, 128
1, 905, 000
3, 000, 000

03
07
08
09

a llo c a tio n to d ep a rtm en t o f
COMMERCE

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____

1, 000, 000

200, 000

$80,000,000

30, 000
147,000
100,000, 000

30, 000
1,490,826, 496

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____

187
7
187
170

189

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
A verage salary_____________________
Average grade____________________ _____

$5, 618
GS-7.9

$6,133
GS-8.1

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE

194
183

Total personal services.
Transportation of things___
Other contractual services..
Supplies and materials_____
Equipment________________

Total, Department of the Arm y..

29, 872.000
10, 128.000
369, 547, 000
35, 453,000
134, 548

Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Regular pay above 52-week base___

Subtotal__________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation Ad­
ministration___________________________

21

27, 961
145, 634
92, 255,000
31,323

by

Total Department of Agriculture.

6, 892
7, 292

1, 748,927,026




o b l ig a t io n s

8,193

GS-8.8

85

P R E S ID E N T

Subtotal__________________________
Deduct charges for quarters and subsist­
ence_____ _________ ___________________

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Object classification

TH E

80, 000,000

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________
Grades established by the Director,
International Cooperation Admin­
istration, pursuant to Public Law
665:
Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________

$5, 646
GS-8.1

GS-8.2

$8, 646
ICA-5.2

$8, 760
IC A
.-5.5

01 Personal services:
Permanent positions______________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates________
Other payments for personal services

$1, 887, 417
46, 960
6,107
152, 258
60, 955

$2, 666, 689
98, 217
8, 636
209,425
108,000

Total personal services__________
Travel______________________________
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services_____________
Rents and utility services___________
Printing and reproduction___________
Other contractual services___________
Supplies and materials______________
Equipment__________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..

2,153, 697
232, 918
1,010, 609
22, 084
1, 065
32, 758
125, 521
1, 942,356
8, 577, 713
648, 599

3,090, 967
597,074
3, 698,154
32,946
1,065
56, 765
154, 826
4, 679,104
27, 660, 609
728, 528

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
11

$6,121

1957 estimate

86

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

C o n tin u e d

MUTUAL SECURITY— Continued
other

m utual

s e c u r it y

o b lig a tio n s

by

program s—

1957

o b l ig a t io n s

c o n tin u e d

by

o b je c ts—

co n tin u e d

1955 actual

Object classification

1956 estimate

o b j e c t s — co n tin u e d
ALLOCATION t o d e p a r t m e n t o f h e a l t h ,
e d u c a t i o n , a n d w e l f a r e — continued

Object classification

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$2, 210,966
6,303
2, 335
212, 516

$2, 737, 625
1,000
2, 561
381,831

Total personal services_____ ______
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

2, 432,120
272,858
331,951
20, 447
286
9,849
51, 794
1,989
11,008
8,474
2,607,193
69
2,400

3,123, 017
332, 230
334,500
23,370
200
13,150
67,825
2,450
10,400
2,700
3,895,000

5, 750,438

7,806,332

5, 750,438

7,806,332

$5, 942
G S-8.5

$6, 519
G S-8.9

Personal services:
Permanent positions_______________
Regular pay above 52-week b a s e ...

$70,147
320

i9, 524
376

Total personal services___________
Travel________________________________
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services_____________
Printing and reproduction___________
Other contractual services___________
Supplies and materials_______________
Equipm ent___________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions.
Taxes and assessments_______________

70,467
754
38
1,340
2,162
2,161
671
612
73,092
157

89,900
6,205
75
1,380
1,720
4, 760
710
105,000
275

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object
classes under International Coopera­
tion Administration____________________

151, 454

210, 600

151, 454

210, 600

167
152
102

109

$5,927
GS-8.4

$6,186
GS-8.3

$9,199
IC A -5 .0

IC A -4 .8

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
c o m m e r c e — continued

Taxes and assessments________________

3,071

$1, 662

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation Ad­
ministration_____________________________

14, 750, 391

40, 701, 700

14, 563,971

40, 486, 700

Total, Department of Com m erce...

186,420

215,000

15

ALLOCATION TO FEDERAL COMMUNICA­
TIONS COMMISSION

08
09
11
13
15

Total number of permanent positions..
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of y ea r...
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___________
Average grade___________
01

02
03
04
05
06
07

$5,981
GS-8.3

$6, 266
GS-8.2

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___

$24, 745
95

$34,145
130

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Communication services______________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent____________________________

24, 840
2,945
395
167
138
12

34, 275
2,415
505
205
300
300

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

28,497

38, 000

28,497

38,000

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

02
04
07
08
09

Total, Federal Communications
Commission_______________________

Total, Department of Health, E d ­
ucation, and Welfare____________
a l l o c a t io n

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___________
Average grade___________

01

02
03
04
06
07
08
09
11
15

$4, 554
GS-6.1
$1,108

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$826, 878
3, 531
55, 992

Total personal services___________
Travel____ _____________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent____________________________
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

886, 401
49, 955
695
17,926
16, 653
41,361
24, 237
6,308
92,113,091
2, 853
55
1,671

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

93,161, 206

90, 000,000

93,161,206

90,000, 000

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
13
15

Total, Housing and Hom e Finance
Agency------------------------------------------a l l o c a t io n

1,405, 000
88, 595, 000

Total, General Services Adm inis­
tration____________________________
ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH,
EDUCATION, AND WELFARE

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Grades established by act of July 1,1944
(42 U . S. C. 207): Average salary_____
Grades established by the Director,
International Cooperation Adm in­
istration, pursuant to Public Law
665:

Average salary______________________
Average grade_______________________




$5,358
G S-6.8

$8,784

$9, 710

$8,551
IC A -5 .0

$9,145
IC A -5 .1

of th e

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary-------------------------------------Average grade_________________________
Grades established by the Director.
International Cooperation Adm in­
istration, pursuant to Public Law
665:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________

359
375

$4,776
GS-6.8

to d e p a r t m e n t
i n t e r io r

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____

01
348
1
307
353

home

agency

Total number of permanent positions..
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of yea r...

01

211
182
202

to h o u s in g a n d

f in a n c e

ALLOCATION TO GENERAL SERVICES
ADMINISTRATION

Total number of permanent positions...
Average number of all employees_______
Number of employees at end of year___

1, 490

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
11
15

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

1 , 118,159
650
2, 645
112, 759

$768,103

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____ _______
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Taxes and assessments________________

1,234, 213
179.369
96, 791
2, 550
5
419
19, 412
1,042,244
1,122
267
40,423
1,680

831, 639
131, 590
75,100
2, 952

S u b t o t a l.................. ..................... ...................

2,618,495

2, 270
61, 266

706
27,349
1,164,308
1,800
271, 000
1,770

2, 508,214

1957 estimate

F U N D S

o b l ig a t io n s

by

Object classification

o bjec ts—

A P P R O P R IA T E D

1956 estimate

87

P R E S ID E N T

1955 actual

1957 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE— COn.

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE
i n t e r i o r — continued

Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

TH E

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES---- c o n t in u e d

c o n t in u e d

1955 actual

TO

$2,618,495

$2, 508, 214

93
44
125
117

95
25
116
112

$5, 508
GS-8.1

$5, 842
GS-8.1

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates._ ...........

$372,390
219,847
2,342
13,385

$527,124
148,305
2, 629
4,725

Total personal services.....................
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Taxes and assessments________________

607,964
30, 258
5, 555
10,038
11,990
10,608
15,357
4,015
6, 712
1, 225,017
1,011

682, 783
22, 680
3, 000
15, 915
12,000
7,875
12,830
6, 783
2,315
1, 500,000
1,485

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

1,928, 525

2, 267, (

1,928, 525

2, 267,666

3, 850
73, 747
300
1,400
900
2,070
132,034
5, 284, 267
1,120

8, 000
75,000
500
1,500
1,000
103, 700
5,321,610
1,000

79, 242,034
1,101

71,350,000
3,400

84, 742,823

Balance brought forward— Continued
Obligated:
Appropriation_________________________ $1, 755, 079,174 $1, 686, 905, 478 $1, 539, 674,169
Authorization to expend from public
debt receipts
7, 261, 485
13, 798, 789
Obligated balance transferred from
“ Military assistance” (68 Stat. 837)___
261, 320,110
Increase in prior year obligations______
12, 351

76,865, 710

Total, Department of the Interior,
ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF
LABOR

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary___________
Average grade___________
01

02
03
04
05
06
07
09
11
15

Total budget authorizations avail­
able . . . ____________ ____ _________

08
09
11
13

Personal services: Payment above
basic rates___________________________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________
Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___

Subtotal_____________________________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________
Total, Department of State..

Total expenditures and balances..

1, 927, 953, 751

1,725,000,000

1, 200, 000, 000

26,826,127
1, 345, 671

45,300, 000
13, 617, 827

45,300, 000

906, 335

80, 000, 000

141,294
1, 686, 905, 478

1, 539, 674,169

419, 674,169

3, 389, 974,169

1, 664, 974,169

7, 261, 485
3, 664, 957, 968

Informational schedules relating to foreign currencies continued available free in 1956 by
section 104, Public Law 208 (approved Aug. 2,1955), to liquidate obligations made against
such currencies for mutual security purposes (primarily development projects for
strategic materials) prior to July 1, 1953
[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]
Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances
1955 actual

$7, 660,838

$198,698

18, 649,037

7,660,838

198, 698

Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency funds)__________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

07 Other contractual services____________
Deduct portion of foregoing obligations
originally charged to other object classes
under International Cooperation A d ­
ministration_____________________________

1957 estimate

10,988,199
7,660, 838

7,462,140
198, 698

198,698

Total expenditures and balances___

18, 649, 037

7,660,838

198, 698

Budget Authorizations Available

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

4,339
84, 738,484

1956 estimate

Obligated balance brought forward_______
Adjustment due to changes in exchange
rates to permit conversion to dollar
equivalent______________ ________________

$23,087,819
- 4 , 438, 782

Expenditures and Balances

76,865, 710

ALLOCATION TO TENNESSEE VALLEY
AUTHORITY

11,400

11,400

Total. Tennessee Valley Authority.
Total obligations____________________

‘ i,’ 266,"666,~666

Total expenditures _______________
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation). . .
Other.
__________ _____ _____ _________
Unobligated
balance
transferred
to
“ Other mutual security programs”
shown under “ Proposed for later trans­
mission” at the end of this chapter . . .
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated:
Annual appropriation acts____________
Other legislative authority:
Appropriation
Authorization to expend from public
debt receipts.. ____ __________ __
Obligated:
Appropriation_________________ ______
Authorization to expend from public
_
.
debt receipts_

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE

02
03
04
05
06
07

1, 664, 974,169

Expenditures:
f 516,600,000
Out of current authorizations___________
}l, 927, 953, 751
Out of prior authorizations. ___________
\1, 208, 400, 000

Total, Department of Labor..

01

3, 389, 974,169

3, 664, 957, 968

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1,849, 342, 757

1, 571,807, 206

$80,000,000

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities,
section 550, Mutual Security Act of 1953, International Cooperation Administration”
[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Program and Financing

(Balances of Department of the Arm y allocations for June 30,1955, are not certified under
sec. 1311, Public Law 663)

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation_____________________________ $1, 528, 799, 816 $1, 681,141, 750
Transferred from “ Military assistance”
(68 Stat. 849)_____________________________
58, 376, 613
Transferred to “ Direct forces support”
(68 Stat. 849)
_____________ _____________
- 1 0 , 000, 000
Adjusted appropriation____ ______
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated:
Annual appropriation acts____________
Other legislative authority;
Appropriation_____________________
Authorization to expend from public
debt receipts.
_________ _________




1955 actual
Program by activities:
1. Defense sup port.. - . _ _______ __
_
2. Development assistance______________
3. Technical cooperation____
__
__
4. Other programs
-_
__________ Total obligations

1, 577,176, 429

1, 681,141, 750

56,133, 250

13, 617, 827

$45,300, 000

1, 413, 592

906, 335

80, 000, 000

24, 273

141,294

.

_

_

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward...
Unobligated balance transferred to
“ Military assistance, Department of
Defense” (67 Stat. 159)
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Authorization to expend foreign
currency receipts (67 Stat. 159)
(adjusted)

1956 estimate

$38,729,011
7,278,265
1,376, 813
7, 688, 413

$42,994,440
9,612,007
1, 571, 540
8, 683,608

55, 072, 502

62, 861, 595

-3 3 , 605,174

-8 8 , 855, 726
29, 884,944

88, 855, 726

110,323,054

3, 890,813

1957 estimate

88

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

M U TU A L SE C U R IT Y — Continued
Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities,
section 550, Mutual Security Act of 1953, International Cooperation Administration”—
Continued
Program and Performance

M u tu al security appropriations were m ade available b y
Congress in 1954 to purchase surplus agricultural co m ­
m odities in this country for sale abroad to friendly cou n ­
tries for their currencies. T h e foreign currencies re­
ceived from the sale of these agricultural surplus com ­
m odities are used for m ilitary materiel procured abroad
(see sec. 550 schedule under “ M ilitary assistance” ), de­
fense support, developm ent assistance, technical coopera­
tion, and other program s in accordance w ith agreements
reached with each governm ent. These activities are de­
scribed in the m ilitary assistance and other m utual se­
curity program schedules above.
Obligations by objects

1957

C o n tin u e d

A ct of 1954, for sale abroad to friendly countries for their
currencies. The surplus com m odities are generally bought
at prevailing U nited States export prices, and private
trade channels are used to the m axim um extent prac­
ticable. The foreign currencies received from the sale of
these com m odities to friendly countries can be used on ly
for the purposes for which the dollar funds were originally
appropriated, for example, m ilitary assistance, direct forces
support (see sec. 402 schedules under “ M ilitary assistance”
and “ D irect forces su pp ort” ), defense support, and de­
velopm ent assistance program s in accordance with agree­
ments reached with each governm ent.
Obligations by Objects
Object classification
11
16

1955 actual

Grants, subsidies, and contributions_
Investments and lo a n s _______________
Total obligations_ _________________
_

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$43, 587,049
5, 441,940

$250,423,855
100,000,000

$200,282, 570
100,000,000

49,028,989

350,423,855

300,282, 570

Grants, subsidies, and contributions— 1955, $55,072,502; 1956, $62,861,595.
Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances
Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances
1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$113,152,474

$476,996,940

$200,000,000

1957 estimate
Budget Authorizations Available

Budget Authorizations Available
Authorization to expend foreign currency
receipts (67 Stat. 159)_________ _______
Transferred to “ Military assistance,
Department of Defense” (67 Stat. 159)
Adjustment due to changes in exchange
rates to permit conversion to dollar
equivalent._ ______- ____ __ ____________
Adjusted authorization________
.
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated. _ ____________ ___________
Obligated___ __ _________________________
Unobligated
balance
transferred
to
“ Military assistance, Department of
Defense” (67 Stat. 159)______
_____

$160,892,329

Authorization to expend foreign currency
receipts (68 Stat. 843)______________ _____
Transferred to—
“ Military assistance, Department of
Defense” (68 Stat. 843)_______________
“ Direct forces support, Department of
Defense” (68 Stat. 843)
_ __________

$3,890,813

-4 9 ,8 5 4 , 595

-39,414,000
-16,000,000

-7 1 4 , 680
110,323,054
33,605,174
1,300,002

Adjusted authorization_________ __
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated____________ - - ___________
Obligated
_
_________
_____

3,890,813
88,855, 726
10,832, 854

113,152,474

421, 582,940

200,000,000

64,123,485
7,973,422

135,282,570
71,679,455

113,152,474

493,679,847

406,962,025

41, 055,567

286,717,822

297,569,620

64,123,485
7,973,422

135,282,570
71.679.455

35,000,000
74.392.405

113,152,474

493,679,847

406,962,025

$18,423,612
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

-2 9 ,8 8 4 , 944
Expenditures and Balances

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____ _____________________ _____

145,228, 230

73, 694,449

18, 423,612

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly
from foreign currency funds)-----------------Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
_
______ ____________
Obligated___
______ ________

45, 539, 650

55, 270,837

88,855, 726
10,832,854

18,423, 612

Total expenditures and balances___

145, 228, 230

73, 694, 449

Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency funds) _ _______________
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated
_
_ __ ______________ - Obligated
.
__ _________ ________

18, 423, 612
Total expenditures and balances___

18, 423,612

Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, Agricultural Trade Development
and Assistance Act of 1954, International Cooperation Administration.” (Other mutual
security programs)
Informational schedules relating to “ Foreign currency, surplus agricultural commodities,
section 402, Mutual Security Act of 1954, International Cooperation Administration”

[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed rate
of exchange at the time of the transaction]

[All amounts are stated in United States dollar equivalents computed at the agreed
rate of exchange at the time of the transaction]

Program and Financing
1955 actual

Program and Financing
1955 actual
Program by activities:
1. Defense support---------------------------------2. Development assistance---------------------

1956 estimate

$249, 234, 533
51, 048, 037

Program by activities:
1 " Development loans__________ ________
2 Economic grants
3. Procurement abroad for other friendly
countries
- __ ________

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward—
Authorization to expend foreign
currency receipts (68 Stat. 843)
(adjusted)---------------------------------------

$138,600,000
7, 500.000

$2,400,000

10,100,000

3,100,000

156, 200,000

5, 500,000

Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward
Unobligated balance carried forward-----

20,000,000

-20,000,000
14,500,000

176, 200,000

Total obligations
Total obligations___ _ -------------- _ -

1957 estimate

Authorization to expend foreign re­
ceipts (68 Stat 456, 457)

$40, 470, 207
8, 558, 782

$290,851,800
59, 572,055

1957 estimate

1956 estimate

49, 028, 989

350,423,855

64,123, 485

- 6 4 , 123> 485
135,282, 570

-1 3 5 , 282, 570
35,000, 000

____

300, 282, 570

113,152,474

421, 582,940

200,000,000
Program and Performance

Program and Performance

M utual security appropriations were made available b y
Congress in 1955 and 1956 to purchase surplus agricultural
com m odities in this country, in addition to those provided
b y the Agricultural Trade D evelopm ent and Assistance




Foreign currencies, generated b y the sale of agricultural
surplus com m odities under the A gricultural T rade D e v e l­
opm ent and Assistance A ct o f 1954, are allocated to the
International C ooperation A dm inistration to finance the
purchase abroad of goods and services for other friendly

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

countries, to prom ote balanced econ om ic developm ent and
trade am ong nations b y m aking grants to friendly coun­
tries, and to prom ote m ultilateral trade and econom ic
grants b y m aking loans to those countries. As of Septem ­
ber 30, 1955, developm ental loans totaling $155.5 m illion
were contem plated in sales agreements with 13 countries
and a $7.5 m illion econ om ic grant to one. A total of $13.2
m illion was to be set aside in three countries for the pur­
chase of goods and services for export to other friendly
countries.
Obligations b y Objects
Object classification
08
09
11
16

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Supplies and materials _____________ __
Equipment
_________ ______ _____ ____
Grants, subsidies, and contributions
Investments and lo a n s _______________

$5,500,000
12,100,000
138,600,000

2,400,000

Total obligations___________________

156, 200,000

5, 500,000

$3,100,000

Budget Authorizations, Expenditures and Balances

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Budget Authorizations Available
Authorization to expend foreign currency
receipts (68 Stat. 456, 457)_______________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated___________________________ .
Obligated________________________________

$176,200,000
$20,000,000
9,150,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able____________ _______________ _

176, 200,000

29,150,000

Expenditures and Balances
Total expenditures (payable directly from
foreign currency f u n d s ) ______________
Balance carried forward:
U nobligated____________________________
Obligated________________________________

147,050,000

14, 500,000

176,200,000

Total expenditures and balances

14,650,000

20, 000,000
9,150,000

29,150,000

[ F u n d s a p p r o p r ia te d u n d e r e a c h p a r a g r a p h o f th is A c t (o th e r
t h a n a p p r o p r ia tio n s u n d e r t h e h e a d o f m ilit a r y a s s is t a n c e ), in c lu d ­
in g s p e c if i e d a m o u n t s o f u n o b l i g a t e d b a l a n c e s , a n d a m o u n t s c e r t i f i e d
p u r s u a n t t o s e c tio n 1 3 1 1 o f th e S u p p le m e n ta l A p p r o p r ia tio n A c t ,
1 9 5 5 , a s h a v in g b e e n o b lig a te d a g a in s t a p p r o p r ia tio n s h e r e to fo re
m a d e fo r t h e s a m e g e n e r a l p u r p o s e a s s u c h p a r a g r a p h , w h ic h
a m o u n t s a r e h e r e b y c o n t i n u e d a v a i l a b l e d u r i n g t h e fis c a l y e a r 1 9 5 6 ,
m a y b e c o n s o l i d a t e d in o n e a c c o u n t f o r e a c h p a r a g r a p h . ]
[ general

p r o v is io n s ]

[ S e c . 1 0 2 . A p p r o p r i a t i o n s in t h i s A c t f o r t h e p u r p o s e s o f c h a p t e r s
2 (e x c e p t fo r s e c tio n 1 2 4 ) a n d 3 o f title I a n d title s I I , I I I , a n d I V
o f th e M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d , a n d a llo c a tio n s t o
th e D e p a r t m e n t o f S t a t e , fr o m a n y o th e r a p p r o p r ia tio n s , fo r fu n c ­
tio n s d ir e c tly r e la te d t o t h e p u r p o s e s o f t h e M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t o f
1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d , or fo r u se b y th e In t e r n a t io n a l C o o p e r a tio n A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i o n f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s a u t h o r i z e d b y l a w s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e
f o r r e n t s in t h e D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b i a ; e x p e n s e s o f a t t e n d a n c e a t
m e e t in g s c o n c e r n e d w ith t h e p u r p o s e s o f s u c h a p p r o p r ia tio n s , in ­
c l u d in g ( n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e p r o v i s i o n o f s e c t i o n 9 o f t h e A c t o f
M a r c h 4 , 1 9 0 9 ( 3 1 U . S . C . 6 7 3 ) ) , e x p e n s e s in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h m e e t ­
i n g s o f p e r s o n s w h o s e e m p l o y m e n t is a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 5 3 0 o f
th e M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d ; e m p lo y m e n t o f
a lie n s , b y c o n t r a c t , fo r s e r v ic e s a b r o a d ; m a in t e n a n c e , o p e r a tio n ,
a n d h ir e o f a i r c r a f t ; p u r c h a s e ( n o t t o e x c e e d t w o f o r r e p l a c e m e n t
o n l y ) a n d h ir e o f p a s s e n g e r m o t o r v e h ic le s a n d , in a d d i t i o n , p a s s e n g e r
m o t o r v e h ic le s a b r o a d m a y b e e x c h a n g e d o r s o l d a n d r e p la c e d b y
a n e q u a l n u m b e r o f s u c h v e h i c le s a n d t h e c o s t , i n c l u d i n g t h e e x ­
c h a n g e a l l o w a n c e , o f e a c h s u c h r e p l a c e m e n t s h a ll n o t e x c e e d $ 3 , 0 0 0
in t h e c a s e o f a n a u t o m o b i l e f o r t h e c h ie f o f a n y s p e c ia l m i s s i o n o r
s ta ff a b r o a d e s ta b lis h e d u n d e r s e c tio n 5 2 6 o f t h e M u t u a l S e c u r ity
A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d ; e n te r ta in m e n t w ith in t h e U n it e d S t a t e s
(n o t t o e x c e e d $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 ) ; e x c h a n g e o f fu n d s w ith o u t r e g a rd to se c tio n
3 6 5 1 o f t h e R e v i s e d S t a t u t e s (3 1 U . S . C . 5 4 3 ) ; l o s s b y e x c h a n g e ;
e x p e n d itu r e s (n o t t o e x c e e d $ 5 0 ,0 0 0 ) o f a c o n fid e n tia l c h a r a c te r
o th e r t h a n e n te r ta in m e n t, p r o v id e d t h a t a c e r tific a te o f t h e a m o u n t
o f e a c h s u c h e x p e n d i t u r e , t h e n a t u r e o f w h i c h i t is c o n s id e r e d i n ­




TO

TH E

P R E S ID E N T

89

a d v i s a b l e t o s p e c i f y , s h a ll b e m a d e b y t h e S e c r e t a r y o f S t a t e , o r
s u c h p e r s o n a s h e m a y d e s i g n a t e , a n d e v e r y s u c h c e r t i f i c a t e s h a ll
b e d e e m e d a su ffic ie n t v o u c h e r fo r t h e a m o u n t th e r e in s p e c ifie d ;
in s u r a n c e o f o ffic ia l m o t o r v e h i c l e s in f o r e i g n c o u n t r i e s ; r e n t a l o f
q u a r te r s o u ts id e t h e c o n tin e n ta l lim its o f t h e U n it e d S ta te s to
h o u s e e m p lo y e e s o f t h e U n it e d S ta te s G o v e r n m e n t (w ith o u t re g a rd
to s e c tio n 3 2 2 o f th e A c t o f J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 3 2 , a s a m e n d e d (4 0 U . S. C .
2 7 8 a ) ) , le a se , n e c e s s a r y re p a ir s a n d a lt e r a t io n s t o q u a r t e r s ; a c t u a l
e x p e n s e s o f p r e p a r i n g a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g t o t h e i r f o r m e r h o m e s in
th e U n it e d S t a t e s o r e lse w h e r e t h e r e m a in s o f p e r s o n s o r m e m b e r s
o f t h e f a m i li e s o f p e r s o n s w h o m a y d ie w h i l e s u c h p e r s o n s a r e a w a y
f r o m t h e i r h o m e s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in a c t i v i t i e s u n d e r t h e M u t u a l
S e c u r ity A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d , or o th e r A c t d ir e c tly r e la te d to
th e p u rp o s e s o f t h e M u t u a l S e c u r ity A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d ; p u r ­
c h a s e o f u n i f o r m s ; e m p l o y m e n t o f c h a u f f e u r s f o r p a s s e n g e r c a r r y in g
v e h ic le s a b r o a d n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f a n y o t h e r l a w ;
m e d ic a l e x a m in a tio n s o f d e p e n d e n ts o f o v e r s e a s p e r s o n n e l o r c a n d i­
d a te s fo r o v e r s e a s p o s itio n s o n t h e s a m e b a s is a s fo r e m p lo y e e s o r
c a n d i d a t e s ; p a y m e n t o f p e r d i e m in lie u o f s u b s i s t e n c e t o p e r s o n s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in a n y p r o g r a m o f f u r n i s h i n g t e c h n i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n
a n d a s s i s t a n c e , w h i l e in c o u n t r i e s o t h e r t h a n t h e i r o w n a n d o t h e r
t h a n t h e c o n t i n e n t a l U n i t e d S t a t e s , a t r a t e s n o t in e x c e s s o f t h o s e
p r e s c r ib e d b y th e S t a n d a r d iz e d G o v e r n m e n t T r a v e l R e g u la t io n s ,
n o tw ith s ta n d in g s e c tio n 1 0 7 o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f S t a t e A p p r o p r ia ­
tio n A c t , 1 9 5 6 ; e x p e n se s a u th o r iz e d b y t h e F o r e ig n S e r v ic e A c t o f
1 9 4 6 , a s a m e n d e d (2 2 U . S. C . 8 0 1 - 1 1 5 8 ) , n o t o th e r w is e p r o v id e d
f o r ; ic e a n d d r i n k i n g w a t e r f o r u s e a b r o a d ; a n d s e r v i c e s o f c o m m i s ­
s i o n e d o ffic e r s o f t h e P u b l i c H e a l t h S e r v i c e a n d o f t h e C o a s t a n d
G e o d e tic S u r v e y , a n d fo r th e p u rp o se s o f p r o v id in g su c h se rv ic e s t h e
P u b l i c H e a l t h S e r v i c e m a y a p p o i n t n o t t o e x c e e d t w e n t y o ffic e r s in
t h e R e g u l a r C o r p s t o g r a d e s a b o v e t h a t o f s e n io r a s s i s t a n t , b u t n o t
a b o v e t h a t o f d i r e c t o r , a s o t h e r w i s e a u t h o r i z e d in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
s e c t i o n 7 1 1 o f t h e A c t o f J u l y 1, 1 9 4 4 , a s a m e n d e d ( 4 2 U . S . C . 2 1 1 a ) ,
a n d t h e C o a s t a n d G e o d e tic S u r v e y m a y a p p o in t fo r s u c h p u r p o s e s
n o t t o e x c e e d t w e n t y c o m m i s s i o n e d o ffic e r s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e
o th e r w ise a u th o r iz e d : P r o v id e d , T h a t n o p a r t o f t h e a d m in is t r a t iv e
e x p e n s e s s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y t h e s a l a r y o f a n y c i v i l ia n e m p l o y e e a t
a r a te g r e a te r t h a n t h a t p a id b y t h e S t a t e D e p a r t m e n t fo r c o m p a r a ­
b l e w o r k o r s e r v i c e s in t h e s a m e a r e a : P r o v i d e d f u r t h e r , T h a t a p p r o ­
p r i a t i o n s m a d e u n d e r t h i s A c t s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f o r e x p e n s e s in
c o n n e c tio n w ith t r a v e l o f p e rso n n e l o u tsid e t h e c o n tin e n ta l U n it e d
S t a t e s , i n c l u d in g t r a v e l o f d e p e n d e n t s a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l
e f f e c t s , h o u s e h o ld g o o d s , o r a u t o m o b i l e s o f s u c h p e r s o n n e l w h e n a n y
p a r t o f s u c h t r a v e l o r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n b e g in s in t h e c u r r e n t f is c a l
y e a r p u r s u a n t t o t r a v e l o r d e r s i s s u e d in t h a t f i s c a l y e a r , n o t w i t h ­
s ta n d in g t h e fa c t t h a t su c h tr a v e l or t r a n s p o r ta tio n m a y n o t b e
c o m p l e t e d d u r i n g t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l y e a r , a n d c o s t o f t r a n s p o r t i n g
t o a n d fr o m a p la c e o f s to r a g e , a n d t h e c o s t o f s to r in g , t h e fu r n itu r e
a n d h o u s e o l d a n d p e r s o n a l e f f e c t s o f a n y e m p l o y e e w h o is a s s i g n e d
t o a p o s t a t w h i c h h e is u n a b l e t o u s e h is f u r n i t u r e a n d e f f e c t s , u n d e r
su c h r e g u la tio n s a s t h e S e c r e ta r y o f S t a t e , o r s u c h p e r s o n a s h e m a y
d e s ig n a te , m a y p r e s c r ib e : P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t n o p a r t o f a n y a p ­
p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d in t h i s A c t s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f o r e x p e n s e o f
t r a n s p o r t a t io n , p a c k in g , c r a tin g , t e m p o r a r y s to r a g e , d r a y a g e , a n d
u n p a c k i n g o f h o u s e h o l d g o o d s a n d p e r s o n a l e f f e c t s in e x c e s s o f a n
a v e r a g e o f fiv e th o u s a n d p o u n d s n e t b u t n o t e x c e e d in g n in e th o u s a n d
p o u n d s n e t in a n y o n e s h i p m e n t , b u t t h e l i m i t a t i o n s i m p o s e d h e r e in
s h a ll n o t b e a p p l i c a b l e in t h e c a s e o f e m p l o y e e s t r a n s f e r r e d t o o r
s e r v i n g in s t a t i o n s o u t s i d e t h e c o n t i n e n t a l U n i t e d S t a t e s u n d e r
o rd e rs re lie v in g t h e m fr o m a d u t y s t a t io n w ith in th e U n it e d S ta te s
p r io r t o A u g u s t 1, 1 9 5 3 .]
[ S e c . 1 0 3 . P a y m e n t s m a d e f r o m f u n d s a p p r o p r i a t e d h e r e in f o r
e n g in e e r i n g f e e s a n d s e r v i c e s t o a n y i n d i v i d u a l e n g in e e r i n g f i r m o n
a n y o n e p r o j e c t in e x c e s s o f $ 2 5 , 0 0 0 s h a ll b e r e p o r t e d t o t h e C o m ­
m itte e s o n A p p r o p r ia tio n s o f th e S e n a te a n d H o u s e o f R e p r e s e n t a ­
tiv e s a t le a s t tw ic e a n n u a l l y .]
[ S e c . 1 0 4 . P u r s u a n t to s e c tio n 1 4 1 5 o f th e S u p p le m e n ta l A p ­
p r o p r ia tio n A c t , 1 9 5 3 , a n d in a d d itio n t o o th e r a m o u n t s m a d e a v a il­
a b le p u r s u a n t t o s a id s e c tio n , n o t t o e x c e e d th e e q u iv a le n t o f $ 2 5 ,0 0 0 , 0 0 0 o f f o r e i g n c u r r e n c ie s o r c r e d i t s o w e d t o o r o w n e d b y t h e
U n i t e d S t a t e s s h a ll r e m a i n a v a i l a b l e u n t i l J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 6 , w i t h o u t
r e im b u r s e m e n t to th e T r e a s u r y , fo r liq u id a tio n o f o b lig a tio n s in ­
c u r r e d a g a i n s t s u c h c u r r e n c ie s o r c r e d i t s p r i o r t o J u l y 1, 1 9 5 3 , p u r ­
s u a n t t o a u t h o r i t y c o n t a i n e d in t h e M u t u a l S e c u r i t y A c t o f 1 9 5 1 ,
a s a m e n d e d , a n d A c t s fo r w h ic h fu n d s w e re a u th o r iz e d b y t h a t A c t
a n d h e r e a f t e r , f o r e i g n c u r r e n c ie s g e n e r a t e d u n d e r t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f
t h i s A c t s h a ll b e u t i l i z e d o n l y f o r t h e p u r p o s e s f o r w h i c h t h e f u n d s
p r o v id in g th e c o m m o d it ie s w h ic h g e n e r a te d th e c u r r e n c y w e re a p ­
p r o p r i a t e d .]
[ S e c . 1 0 5 . N o n e o f t h e fu n d s p r o v id e d b y th is A c t n o r a n y o f th e
c o u n t e r p a r t f u n d s g e n e r a t e d a s a r e s u lt o f a s s i s t a n c e u n d e r t h i s o r
a n y o t h e r A c t s h a ll b e u s e d t o m a k e p a y m e n t s o n a c c o u n t o f t h e
p r in c ip a l o r in te r e s t o n a n y d e b t o f a n y fo r e ig n g o v e r n m e n t o r o n
a n y lo a n m a d e to su c h g o v e r n m e n t b y a n y o th e r fo r e ig n g o v e r n ­
m e n t ; n o r s h a ll a n y o f t h e s e f u n d s b e e x p e n d e d f o r a n y p u r p o s e f o r

90

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

w h i c h f u n d s h a v e b e e n w i t h d r a w n b y a n y r e c i p ie n t c o u n t r y t o
m a k e p a y m e n t o n su ch d e b t s .]
[ S e c . ' 1 0 6 . N o t m o re th a n 2 0 p e r c e n tu m o f a n y fu n d s m a d e
a v a i l a b l e b y t h i s A c t s h a ll b e o b l i g a t e d a n d /o r r e s e r v e d d u r i n g t h e
l a s t t w o m o n t h s o f t h e f is c a l y e a r . ]
[ S e c . 1 0 7 . T h e a p p r o p r ia tio n s , a u th o r iz a t io n s , a n d a u th o r it y
w i t h r e s p e c t t h e r e t o in t h i s A c t s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e f r o m J u ly 1, 1 9 5 5 ,
fo r t h e p u r p o s e s p r o v id e d in s u c h a p p r o p r ia tio n s , a u th o r iz a t io n s ,
a n d a u th o r ity .
A ll o b lig a tio n s in c u r r e d d u r in g t h e p e r io d b e tw e e n
J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 5 , a n d th e d a te o f e n a c t m e n t o f th is A c t in a n tic ip a tio n
o f su c h a p p r o p r ia tio n s , a u th o r iz a t io n s , a n d a u th o r it y are h e r e b y
r a t i f ie d a n d c o n f ir m e d i f i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e t e r m s h e r e o f . ]
[ S e c . 1 0 8 . F u n d s h e re to fo re or h e re a fte r a llo c a te d to th e D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f D e fe n s e fr o m a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n fo r m ilit a r y a s s is ta n c e (in ­
c l u d in g f u n d s c o n s o l i d a t e d w i t h a n y s u c h a p p r o p r i a t i o n b u t e x c e p t ­
in g fu n d s o b lig a t e d d ir e c tly a g a in s t a n y s u c h a p p r o p r ia tio n fo r o ff­
s h o r e p r o c u r e m e n t o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ) s h a ll b e a c c o u n t e d f o r b y
g e o g r a p h ic a r e a a n d b y c o u n t r y s o le ly o n t h e b a s is o f t h e v a lu e o f
m a t e r i a l s d e li v e r e d a n d s e r v i c e s p e r f o r m e d ( s u c h v a l u e t o b e d e t e r ­
m i n e d in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e a p p l i c a b l e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a w g o v e r n i n g
t h e a d m in is tr a tio n o f m ilit a r y a s s is ta n c e ).
W it h in t h e lim its o f
a m o u n t s a v a ila b le fr o m fu n d s so a llo c a te d , t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f
D e f e n s e is a u t h o r i z e d t o in c u r , in a p p l i c a b l e a p p r o p r i a t i o n s , o b l i ­
g a t i o n s in a n t i c i p a t i o n o f r e i m b u r s e m e n t f r o m s u c h a l l o c a t i o n s ,
a n d n o f u n d s s o a l l o c a t e d a n d a v a i l a b l e s h a ll b e w i t h d r a w n b y a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e a c t i o n u n t i l t h e S e c r e t a r y o f D e f e n s e s h a ll c e r t i f y t h a t
t h e y a r e n o t r e q u i r e d f o r l i q u i d a t i o n o f o b l i g a t i o n s s o in c u r r e d .
U n o b lig a te d a m o u n t s o f su c h a llo c a tio n s e q u a l t o t h e v a lu e o f ord ers
p l a c e d w i t h t h e m i l i t a r y d e p a r t m e n t s a g a i n s t s u c h a l l o c a t i o n s s h a ll
b e r e s e r v e d a n d s h a ll r e m a i n a v a i l a b l e u n t i l J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 8 , f o r m a k ­
in g su c h r e im b u r s e m e n t s (e x c e p t in c a s e o f fu n d s o b lig a t e d d ir e c tly
a g a i n s t s u c h a l l o c a t i o n s ) o n l y u p o n t h e b a s i s o f m a t e r i a l s d e li v e r e d
a n d s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d : P r o v i d e d , T h a t r e p o r t s o f i t e m s t o b e d e li v e r e d
a g a i n s t f u n d s r e s e r v e d a s p r o v i d e d h e r e in s h a ll b e f u r n i s h e d q u a r ­
te r ly b y th e S e c re ta ry o f D e fe n s e t o th e C o m m itte e s o n A p p r o ­
p r ia tio n s o f th e S e n a te a n d th e H o u s e o f R e p r e s e n ta tiv e s a n d , n o t
le s s o f t e n t h a n o n c e e a c h q u a r t e r , s a i d S e c r e t a r y s h a ll m a k e a d e ­
t a ile d r e p o r t t o t h e C o m m it t e e s o n A p p r o p r ia t io n s o f t h e S e n a te
a n d t h e H o u s e o f R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , o n a d e l i v e r y o r s e r v i c e -r e n d e r e d
b a s is , o n a ll m ilit a r y a s s is ta n c e fu n d s a llo c a t e d a n d a v a ila b le t o th e
D e p a r t m e n t o f D e fe n s e a s o f th e e n d o f th e p r e c e d in g q u a r te r :
P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t n o r e im b u r s e m e n t s fo r m a te r ia ls o r se r v ic e s
s h a ll b e m a d e a f t e r J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 5 , u n t i l t h e v a l u e o f m a t e r i a l s
d e li v e r e d a n d s e r v i c e s p e r f o r m e d s h a ll e q u a l t h e a m o u n t o f e x p e n d i ­
t u r e s m a d e f r o m a ll a p p r o p r i a t i o n s h e r e in a n d h e r e t o f o r e m a d e f o r
m ilit a r y a s s is ta n c e a s o f s a id d a t e : P r o v id e d , h o w ever, T h a t n o t to
e x c e e d $ 3 0 2 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 o f a n y r e im b u r s e m e n t h e r e to fo r e m a d e b y th e
A ir F o r c e to m ilita r y a s s is ta n c e a p p r o p r ia tio n s a s o f J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 5 5 ,
p u r s u a n t t o t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s e c t i o n s h a ll b e c o n s id e r e d n u ll
a n d v o i d a n d m a t e r i a l s a n d s e r v i c e s o f a n e q u i v a l e n t a m o u n t s h a ll
b e d e li v e r e d o r p e r f o r m e d b y t h e A i r F o r c e f o r m i l i t a r y a s s i s t a n c e
p u r p o s e s w it h o u t r e im b u r s e m e n t : P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t in t h e e v e n t
t h e P r e s i d e n t s h a ll d e t e r m i n e t h a t s u p p l i e s a n d e q u i p m e n t o r d e r e d
a g a in s t fu n d s so a llo c a t e d a r e r e q u ir e d fo r t h e d e fe n s e o f t h e U n it e d
S t a t e s , t h e a m o u n t a llo c a t e d fo r s u p p lie s a n d m a te r ia ls r e q u ir e d
f o r s u c h p u r p o s e s h a ll b e r e t u r n e d t o t h e a p p r o p r i a t i o n f r o m w h i c h
a l l o c a t e d : P r o v i d e d f u r t h e r , T h a t f u n d s a p p r o p r i a t e d in t h i s A c t f o r
m i l i t a r y a s s i s t a n c e ( i n c l u d i n g s p e c if i e d a m o u n t s o f u n o b l i g a t e d
b a la n c e s a n d fu n d s c o n s o lid a te d w ith a n y su c h a p p r o p r ia tio n ),
a m o u n t s c e r tifie d p u r s u a n t t o s e c t io n 1 3 1 1 o f t h e S u p p le m e n t a l
A p p r o p r ia t io n A c t , 1 9 5 5 , a n d , w h e r e a u th o r iz e d b y t h e P r e s id e n t,
fu n d s m a d e a v a ila b le t o t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f D e fe n s e u n d e r s e c tio n
4 0 1 o f t h e M u t u a l S e c u r i t y A c t o f 1 9 5 4 , a s a m e n d e d , s h a ll b e m a i n ­
t a i n e d in o n e a c c o u n t w h i c h s h a ll b e u s e d f o r a ll t r a n s a c t i o n s i n ­
v o lv in g m ilit a r y a s s is ta n c e d u r in g t h e c u r r e n t fis c a l y e a r a n d n o
e x p e n d i t u r e s h a ll b e m a d e f r o m s u c h a c c o u n t e x c e p t a s m a y b e
w i t h i n t h e l i m i t s o f t h e s u m o f t h e a m o u n t s m e n t i o n e d in t h i s
p r o v i s o : P r o v i d e d f u r t h e r , T h a t n o t h i n g in t h i s A c t s h a ll b e c o n ­
s tr u e d a s m a k in g a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n or fu n d a v a ila b le fo r o b lig a tio n
a ft e r t h e e n d o f t h e c u r r e n t fisc a l y e a r e x c e p t a s m a y b e n e c e s s a r y
fo r r e im b u r s e m e n t s a u th o r iz e d h e r e i n .]
1954

(P u b lic L a w

7 7 8 ),

[ S e c . 1 0 9 . N o p a r t o f a n y a p p r o p r i a t i o n c o n t a i n e d in t h i s A c t
s h a ll b e u s e d t o p a y t h e s a l a r y o r w a g e s o f a n y p e r s o n w h o e n g a g e s in
a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o r w h o is a
m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p lo y e e s t h a t a sserts
t h e r ig h t t o s tr ik e a g a in s t th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n it e d S t a t e s , or
w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a t a d v o c a t e s ,
t h e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n it e d S t a t e s b y fo r c e or




Y E A R

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

M U TU A L S E C U R IT Y — Continued

[S e c tio n 1 1 0 o f th e A c t o f S e p te m b e r 3,
is h e r e b y r e p e a l e d . ]

F IS C A L

1957

C o n tin u e d

v i o l e n c e : P r o v i d e d , T h a t f o r t h e p u r p o s e s h e r e o f a n a f f i d a v i t s h a ll
b e c o n s id e r e d p r i m a f a c i e e v i d e n c e t h a t t h e p e r s o n m a k i n g t h e
a ffid a v it h a s n o t c o n t r a r y t o t h e p r o v is io n s o f t h is p a r a g r a p h e n ­
g a g e d i n a s t r i k e a g a i n s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , is
n o t a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n iz a tio n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m p lo y e e s th a t
a sse rts th e r ig h t t o strik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e U n it e d
S t a t e s , o r t h a t s u c h p e r s o n d o e s n o t a d v o c a t e , a n d is n o t a m e m b e r
o f a n o rg a n iz a tio n th a t a d v o c a te s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t
o f t h e U n it e d S ta t e s b y fo r c e o r v io le n c e : P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t a n y
p e r s o n w h o e n g a g e s in a s tr ik e a g a in s t th e G o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n it e d
S t a t e s o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o f G o v e r n m e n t e m ­
p lo y e e s t h a t a s s e r ts th e r ig h t t o s tr ik e a g a in s t t h e G o v e r n m e n t o f
t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , o r w h o a d v o c a t e s , o r w h o is a m e m b e r o f a n o r ­
g a n iz a tio n t h a t a d v o c a t e s , th e o v e r th r o w o f th e G o v e r n m e n t o f th e
U n it e d S ta te s b y fo rc e or v io le n c e a n d a c c e p ts e m p lo y m e n t th e
sa la r y or w a g e s fo r w h ic h are p a id fr o m a n y a p p r o p r ia tio n or fu n d
c o n t a i n e d in t h i s o r a n y o t h e r A c t s h a ll b e g u i l t y o f a f e l o n y a n d ,
u p o n c o n v i c t i o n , s h a ll b e f i n e d n o t m o r e t h a n $ 1 , 0 0 0 o r i m p r i s o n e d
fo r n o t m o r e t h a n o n e y e a r , o r b o t h : P r o v id e d fu r th e r , T h a t t h e a b o v e
p e n a l t y c la u s e s h a ll b e in a d d i t i o n t o , a n d n o t i n s u b s t i t u t i o n f o r , a n y
o th e r p r o v is io n s o f e x is tin g l a w .]
( 6 9 S t a t. 2 8 3 - 2 9 0 , 4 3 5 - 4 4 0 ; M u ­
tu a l S e c u r i t y A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)

M is c e lla n e o u s

Informational schedules relating to foreign currency realized under the Agricultural Trade
Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended (7 T . S. C. 1704)
J
Amounts available for appropriation

1955 actual
_

Total available______

_

1957 estimate

$57. 321, 313
307, 678, 687

$76, 315, 000

$57, 321, 313

Balance brought forwardReceipts
- _

1956 estimate

57, 321, 313

365, 000, 000

76, 315, 000

10, 000, 000

25, 000, 000

- _
________

Used with dollar reimbursement to
Commodity Credit Corporation-_ ___ _
Authorizations for expenditure without
immediate reimbursement to Com ­
modity Credit Corporation:
Department of State
Department of Defense
__ _ _
Department of Agriculture_____ _
_
M utual security program:
Military assistance _ _____________ __
Other mutual security programs___ __

3, 900, 000
29, 900, 000
10, 385, 000
58, 300, 000
176, 200, 000
288, 685, 000

Total authorizations
Balance carried forward

_________________

57, 321, 313

76, 315, 000

51, 315, 000

Program and Performance

Title I of the A gricultural Trade D evelop m en t and
Assistance A ct of 1954 authorizes the sale o f up to $1.5
billion of surplus agricultural com m odities to friendly
nations for their currencies, w ith reasonable precautions
neither to displace U nited States sales for dollars nor dis­
rupt w orld com m od ity prices. T h e foreign currencies
generated b y these sales m a y be used (a) to help develop
new markets for U nited States agricultural com m odities,
(b )
to purchase strategic and critical materials, (c) to
procure m ilitary materiels and services for the com m on
defense, (d) to purchase goods and services fo r other
friendly nations, (e) to prom ote balanced econ om ic devel­
opm ent and trade am ong nations, ( / ) to p a y U nited
States obligations abroad, (g) to m ake loans to p rom ote
m ultilateral trade and econ om ic developm en t abroad, and
(A) to finance international education exchange activities.
As of Septem ber 30, 1955, sales agreements had been
signed with 18 countries calling for deposits of sales
proceeds totaling $365 m illion. Subsidiary schedules on
currency uses are presented in the chapters o f the D ep a rt­
m ents of State, Defense, and A griculture, and under
M ilitary Assistance, and O ther M u tu a l Security Program s
in the Funds A ppropriated to the President chapter.

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

O V E R T IM E , LEAVE, A N D H O L ID A Y
C O M P E N S A T IO N
O v e r tim e , L e a v e, a n d H o lid a y C o m p e n s a tio n
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Balance brought forward:
Unobligated____________ _______________
Obligated____ _____ _______ _______ _____
Increase in prior year obligations______ __
Total budget authorizations avail­
able

$2,446
140
$20
20

2, 586

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures (out of prior authori­
zations)
_______ ____ _______
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)

2, 586

Total expenditures and balances___

2, 586

20

20

R E FU G EE R ELIEF
R e fu g e e R e lie f, E x e c u tiv e
F o r e x p e n s e s n e c e s s a r y to e n a b le t h e P r e s id e n t, b y tr a n s fe r to s u c h
o ffic e r o r a g e n c y o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t a s m a y b e a p p r o p r ia te , to c a r r y
o u t t h e p r o v is io n s o f t h e R e fu g e e R e lie f A c t o f 1 9 5 3 (P u b lic L a w
2 0 3 , a p p r o v e d A u g u s t 7 , 1 9 5 3 ) , i n c l u d i n g l i q u i d a t io n e x p e n s e s -, s e r v ­
i c e s a s a u t h o r i z e d b y s e c t i o n 1 5 o f t h e A c t o f A u g u s t 2 , 1 9 4 6 (5
U . S . C . 5 5 a ) , a t r a t e s n o t in e x c e s s o f $ 5 0 p e r d i e m f o r i n d i v i d u a l s ;
p r in tin g a n d b in d in g o u ts id e th e c o n t in e n t a l U n it e d S t a t e s w ith o u t
r e g a r d t o s e c t i o n 11 o f t h e A c t o f M a r c h 1, 1 9 1 9 ( 4 4 U . S . C . I l l ) ;
h ir e o f p a s s e n g e r m o t o r v e h i c l e s ; e x p e n s e s o f a t t e n d a n c e a t m e e t i n g s
c o n c e rn e d w ith th e p u r p o s e o f th is a p p r o p r ia tio n ; n o t to e x c e e d
[ $ 8 9 , 0 0 0 ] $ 2 5 ,0 0 0 fo r e x p e n s e s o f a c o n fid e n tia l n a tu r e , t o b e
a c c o u n t e d f o r s o l e l y o n t h e c e r t i f i c a t e o f t h e o ffic e r t o w h o m f u n d s
a re tr a n s fe r r e d b y t h e P r e s id e n t fr o m t h is a p p r o p r ia tio n ; a n d o f
w h i c h n o t l e s s t h a n [ $ 2 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ] $ 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 s h a ll b e f o r c a p i t a l f o r
th e m a k in g o f lo a n s ; [ $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0 ] $ 8 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 :
P ro v id e d , T h a t
f u n d s a p p r o p r i a t e d h e r e in s h a ll b e a v a i l a b l e in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
a u th o r it y g r a n te d h e r e u n d e r or u n d e r a u th o r it y g o v e r n in g th e
a c t iv it ie s o f th e G o v e r n m e n t a g e n c ie s to w h ic h s u c h fu n d s a re
a llo c a t e d .
( R e fu g e e R e l i e f A c t o f 1 9 5 3 , a s a m e n d e d ; 5 0 U . S . C .
A p p . ; D e p a r t m e n t s o f S t a te a n d J u s t i c e , the J u d i c i a r y , a n d R e la te d
A g e n c i e s A p p r o p r i a t i o n A c t , 1 9 5 6 .)
A p p r o p r ia te d 1 9 5 6 , $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0

E s tim a te 1 9 5 7 , $ 8 ,5 0 0 ,0 0 0

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

1955 actual

1956 estimate

$9,383,351
1, 007, 870
2, 721, 329
573, 000
334, 350
295,100

$5, 835, 763
603, 933
1,179, 304
437, 000
245, 000
199, 000

7,861, 535

14, 315,000

8, 500, 000

138, 465

685, 000

8, 000, 000

15, 000, 000

Total obligations_________ ________

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

Appropriation____________________

8, 500, 000

PROGRAM AND PERFORMANCE

U nder provision of the Refugee R elief A ct o f 1953, a
m axim um of 209,000 persons in specified areas of E urope,
the N ear E ast and the Far E ast m a y be granted special
n on qu ota im m igrant visas through D ecem ber 31, 1956,
for resettlement in the U nited States. It is the aim to
achieve this im m igration in a m anner consistent with
resettlement opportunities existing in the U nited States,
particularly with regard to em ploym ent and housing.
T hrou gh July 1, 1955, a total of 37,642 visas had been
issued, or approxim ately 72 percent o f those planned at




1956 estimate

1957 estimate

830
589
830

1,461
1,377
1, 461

1,444
706
0

$5,327
FSO -5.6

$5, 683
FSO -5.6

$5, 683
F S O -5.6

$10, 730
F S R -2.5

$11, 698
FS R -2.5

$11,698
FS R -2.5

$4,862
FSS-9.4

$5,155
FSS-9.6

$5,167
FSS-9.6

U ngraded positions: Foreign countries
(local rates): Average salary___________

$1, 299

$1,389

$1,420

Personal services:
Perm anent p osition s_________________
Regular p ay above 52-week b ase—
P a y m e n t above basic rates__________

$1,928,803
9,348
460, 772

$3,899,083
15, 718
903,353

$2,087,349

T o ta l personal services____________
T ra v e l____________________________________
Transportation of th in gs_______________
C om m u nications services______________
R ents and u tility services______________
Printing and reproduction _____________

2,398,923
172,030
1,217
4,390
6, 717
267

4,818,154
334, 517
7, 745
45,603
116,368
2,093

2,475,462
123,473
1,352
20,603
67, 207
297

Object classification

Investigation and visa issuance______
Administration ofloans ___ ___ . __
Investigations in G erm any...
___
Medical examinations___ __ _ __ __
Immigration inspection___ __________
Occupational selection -----------...

91

P R E S ID E N T

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

Program by activities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

T H E

that time. Program regulations have been am ended to
facilitate operations and operating units are now staffed
and organized so that no appreciable backlogs are present.
Present plans call for the issuance of approxim ately
98,000 visas in the current fiscal year and 32,000 in 1957
prior to the expiration o f the act. It is anticipated that
the quota for Ita ly will be filled principally b y preference
relative applicants and that sufficient assurances will be
received in time to cover all other quotas except a pprox­
im ately 41,000 applicants in Germ any, Austria, and the
Netherlands. T o issue the m axim um num ber o f visas
possible before the term ination date and to liquidate the
program after its close, a total o f $8.5 m illion will be
required for 1957.
Six m ajor departm ents o f G overnm ent perform p ro ­
gram functions related to their regular activities. T h e
operations of each are geared to the estim ated num ber o f
visas to be issued.
1. Investigation and visa issuance.— The D epartm en t of
State conducts investigations of each applicant’s character
and eligiblity. These investigations are condu cted b y the
State Departm ent. D eterm ination o f eligibility under
the im m igration laws and issuance of visas is also p er­
form ed b y the State D epartm ent.
2. Administration of loans.— The Treasury D epartm ent
makes loans to public or private agencies to finance the
transportation o f imm igrants under the program from
ports of entry to places o f resettlement in the U nited
States.
3. Investigations
in
Germ,any.— Investigations
in
G erm any are con du cted b y the counterintelligence corps,
D epartm ent of the A rm y.
4. Medical examinations.— The Public H ealth Service
gives health screening examinations overseas to all
applicants considered for visas.
5. Immigration inspection.— T h e
Im m igration
and
N aturalization Service participates abroad in the deter­
m ination of eligibility and adm issibility of applicants to
receive visas.
6. Occupational selection.— The D epartm ent o f L a b or
assists in the verification of the occu pation skills o f
applicants and their suitability for the assured em p loy­
m ent. I t also verifies jo b assurances filed w ith the
adm inistrator of the act.

1957 estimate

$5, 784, 072
184, 893
1, 027, 507
369,063
264, 663
231,337

TO

1955 actual

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE
T o ta l n u m b e r of perm anent p osition s____
A verage n u m b er of all em ployees_________
N u m b e r of em ployees at end of year______
A verage salaries and grades:
Grades established b y the Foreign Serv­
ice A c t of 1946 (22 U . S. C . 801-1158):
Foreign Service officer:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Foreign Service reserve officer:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Foreign Service Staff Officer:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________

01

02
03
04
05
06

388,113

92

T H E

B U D G E T

C U R R E N T

FO R

F IS C A L

A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S —

REFUGEE RELIEF— Continued

by

Object classification

o bjects—

continued

Total, Department of State________

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade_________________________
01

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$11,257
3,122,858
1,899
40,637
27
8,482
15,368

$32,423
3,906,119
17,225
41,762
483
16,859
44,000

$17,327
3,093,077
4,089
1,331
224
9,321
22,000

5, 784,072

9,383,351

5,835,763

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
0

$3, 680
G S-4.5

$3, 918
GS-4.5

$3, 918
GS-4.5

$5. 860

$7, 835

$3, 918

18

25

15

Personal services: Permanent posi­
tions_________________________________
Other contractual services: Federal
employees group life insurance_____
Taxes and assessments: Federal In­
surance Contributions A c t__________
Investments and loans________________

15
179, 000

10
1, 000, 000

600, 000

Total, Treasury Departm ent_______

184, 893

1, 007, 870

603, 933

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

942
347
942

857
802
857

857
320
0

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$4,163
G S-6.7
$1, 306

$4, 483
G S-6.5
$1, 665

15

15
16

$226

$200

$100

381,561

585,900

444,600

12,498

12, 900

7,600

369,063

573,000

437,000

41
32
39

55
51
55

55
29
0

_.
__

$4,895
G S-7.3

$4,945
G S-6.7

$5,010
G S-6.7

Personal services:
Permanent positions_____
_____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates............ ..

$171,222
770
21,289

$256,950
1,050
22,100

$150,400

Total personal services. _____ ____
T r a v e l___
_ ________ __ _______
Transportation of things______________
Other contractual services______ _
_
Supplies and materials.
_____________
Taxes and assessments____ _______ __

193,281
52,641
18,162
436
18
125

280,100
46,950
6,800
400

161,000
68,600
15,000
300

100

100

264,663

334,350

245,000

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees________
Num ber of employees at end of year______

34
27
34

39
38
39

35
21
0

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary.
____________________
Average grade _______ ____________ __

$5,880
G S-9.2

$6,293
G S-9.3

$6,367
GS-9.3

Personal services:
Permanent positions____ _________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates______ __

$163,544
382
13,616

$236,860
940
26,500

$135,900

Total personal services. ________
Travel
___ _______ ________________ _
Transportation of things_____ _____
Communication services___ __________
Printing and reproduction
. _______
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials_____ _
_
_
_______ __
Equipment
Taxes and assessments________________

177,542
36,455
4,082
3,310
374
5,620
1,745
1,763
446

264,300
22,200
2,000
2,200
400
1,400
1,200
800
600

146,300
38,900
8,200
1,200
200
3,300
600

Total, Department of L a b o r............

231,337

295,100

199,000

Total obligations____________________

7,861, 535

14,315, 000

8, 500, 000

Total, Department of Health, E d u­
cation, and Welfare_____ __ ______
ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Total number of permanent positions
Average number of all employees. ________
_
Num ber of employees at end of year_ __
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary.
_______ _________
Average grade_______ _________ __
01

02
03
07
08
15

$809, 056
1,803
7,116

$2, 419. 099
6, 797
3,096

$1, 004, 900

Total personal services____________
02 Travel_________________________________
03 Transportation of things______________
04 Communication services______________
05 Rents and utility services_____________
07 Other contractual services____________
08 Supplies and materials________________
15 Taxes and assessments________________
Unvouchered______________________________

817, 975
127, 930
16, 350
2, 712
6, 059
44, 307
8, 977
1,482
1,715

2, 428, 992
250, 248
4, 700
4, 000
1,100
10, 743
11, 515
5, 031
5, 000

1. 005, 972
135, 290
16, 000
2, 000
600
10, 000
4. 700
1,742
3, 000

Total, Department of the A rm y ___

1, 027, 507

2, 721, 329

1,179, 304

1, 072

01

02
03
04
06
07
08
09

64
43
55

77
1
72
78

77
1
42
0

$4, 325
G S-6.5
$1, 693

$4, 706
GS-6.5
$1, 707

$4, 706
GS-6.5
$1, 707

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$193, 628
7, 572
252
17, 448

$299, 600
11, 900
400
22,300

$185, 200
8, 400

Total personal services.....................
Travel____________________________ _____
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment_________________ _______

218, 900
29, 978
23,038
4, 095
5
11, 082
28,060
66,177

334, 200
78, 400
24,900

206, 600
96,100
93, 200

13, 800
98,000
36,400

14, 000
32, 000
2, 600




02
03
04
06
07
08
09
15

10,400

300

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

(Balances of Department of the Arm y allocations for June 30,1955, are not certified under
sec. 1311, 68 Stat. 800)

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH,
EDUCATION, AND WELFARE

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary-------------------------------------Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

__

10,600

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____

Taxes and assessments.

Total, Department of Justice._

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT
OF THE ARMY

01

1957 estimate

_____________

$4, 483
GS-6.5
$1, 665

07

1956 estimate

Subtotal___ __ __________ _ _
Deduct charges for quarters and sub­
_
_
sistence.— _ . ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

1955 actual

ALLOCATION TO TREASURY DEPARTMENT

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____

1955 actual

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH,
e d u c a t io n , a n d w e l f a r e — continued

continued
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies
08 Supplies and materials________________
09 Equipm ent____________________________
11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
15 Taxes and assessments________________
Unvouchered______________________________

C o n tin u e d

Object classification

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF STATE—

07

1957

o b l i g a t i o n s b y o b j e c t s — continued

R e fu g e e R e lie f, E x e c u tiv e — C o n tin u e d
o b l ig a t io n s

Y E A R

13,000

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation _____ _________ __________
Obligated balance brought f o r w a r d _ .
Increase in prior year obligations________

$8,000,000
1,755, 529
60, 755

$15,000,000
1,881,862

$8, 500,000
3,196,862

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________

9,816,284

16,881,862

11,696,862

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations____ ______
5,982,995
Out of prior authorizations
______________
1,812,962

11,125,000
1,875,000

7,803,138
3,196,862
11,000,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)______________ .
Obligated balance carried forward________

7, 795, 957

13,000,000

138,465
1,881,862

685,000
3,196,862

696,862

Total expenditures and balances___

9,816, 284

16,881,862

11, 696,862

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

TO

TH E

9
3

P R E S ID E N T

S t a te m e n t o f p r o p o s e d o b lig a tio n s f o r p u r c h a s e a n d h ire o f p a s s e n g e r m o to r v e h ic le s f o r the f i s c a l y e a r 1 9 5 7
R E F U G E E R E L IE F
M o t o r v e h ic le s t o
b e pu rch a sed

O ld v e h ic le s to
b e ex ch a n g ed

A p p ro p ria tio n

Number

Gross
cost

Number

Allowance
(estimated)

N et cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
chased

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

$9, 800

Refugee relief, Executive..
Station wagon________

U s e rs a n d p u b l i c p u r p o s e

For use of investigators overseas in carrying out the objectives
of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953.
D o.

65

Total, refugee relief.

R E V O L V IN G

A N D

M A N A G E M E N T

F U N D S
CERTIFICATIONS AS OF JUNE 30, 1955

PU BLIC E N T E R P R IS E FU N D S

[In thousands]
E X P A N S IO N

OF

DEFENSE

P R O D U C T IO N

General Services Administration—____ _________________________________________ $1,216,067
Treasury Department___________________________________________________________
233,260
Department of Agriculture______________________________________________________
64,336
Department of the Interior_____________________________________________________
24,053
Export-import Bank of Washington___________________________________________
43,545

E x p a n s io n o f D e fe n s e P r o d u c tio n
AMOUNTS AVAILABLE FOR OBLIGATION

Unobligated balance brought forward
(authorization to expend from public
debt receipts)____________________________
Repayments, cancellations, and recovery
of prior year obligations_________________
Unobligated
balance
transferred
to
“ Expansion of defense production”
shown under proposed for later trans­
mission at the end of this chapter______

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$619,685,000

$518,739,000

$398,786,000

25,040, 728

45,047,000

160,731,000

-5 5 9 , 517,000

Total available for obligation (certi­
fication) ___________________________
Unobligated balance carried forward
(authorization to expend from public
debt receipts)—____ _____________________

644,725,728

563, 786,000

-518, 739,000

-398,786,000

Obligations incurred (commitments
for loans and capital outlay)_____

125,986,728

165,000,000

ANALYSIS OF TRANSFERS TO REVOLVING FUND

1955 actual
Obligated
balance
brought forward
(authorization to expend from public
debt receipts)_____
.
_
Obligations incurred during the year.

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$579,248,644
165,000,000

$522, 613,044

$706,962,617
125,986,728
832, 949,345

744,248, 644

522, 613,044

Repayments, cancellations, and recovery
of prior year obligations.
....
_ _
Obligated balance carried forward (au­
thorization to expend from public debt
receipts). _ ______________________________

-25,040,728

-4 5 ,047,000

-1 6 0 , 731,000

-579,248,644

-5 2 2 , 613,044

-335,137,244

Total transfers to revolving fund
(out of prior authorizations).. ___

228,659,973

176, 588,600

26, 744,800

PROGRAM

AND P ERFO RM AN CE

Total certifications________________________________________________________
Unused authorizations__________________________________________________________

1,581,261
518,739

Total______________ ________________________________________________________

1955 actual

2,100,000

Program s now under study m ay require new certifica­
tions in 1956 having a gross value of over $92 m illion and
a probable ultim ate net cost to the G overnm ent of m ore
than $3.5 million. These will be prim arily for research
and for increasing the capacity to produce such materials
as selenium, mica, and synthetic manganese dioxide.
Since the act expires on June 30, 1956, the financial
statements reflect only transactions resulting from p ro­
grams expected to be certified b y that date. Assum ing
that the act will be extended, estimated expenditures for
new program s to be certified during 1957 are shown in a
separate schedule at the end of this chapter.
General Services Administration.— B orrow ing authority
of $1,216,067,000 has been certified as o f June 30, 1955,
to finance the expansion of productive capacity for stra­
tegic metals and minerals and m achine tools. This
am ount includes $354,522,000 for working capital and
$861,545,000 for probable ultim ate net cost of specific
program s of which $53,430,000 is for the m achine-tool
pool order and equipm ent installation program s and
$808,115,000 for mineral and metal program s.
A sum m ary of transactions in acquisition and disposal
of strategic minerals and metals under this fund follows.
A dditional data on obligations for strategic materials are
shown in the General Services Adm inistration chapter of
this budget.
[In millions]

U nder section 304 (b) of the D efense P rodu ction A ct
of 1950, designated agencies are authorized with Presi­
dential approval to incur obligations of $2.1 billion for
the purpose of m aking loans and procuring critical m a­
terials in furtherance of the defense effort. T h e obliga­
tions are financed b y borrow ings from the Treasury. T h e
1951 am endm ents to the act perm it com m itm ents in excess
of $2.1 billion so long as estim ated costs do n ot exceed
this am ount. Program s undertaken m ust be certified as
essential to the national defense b y the Office of D efense
M obilization. As of June 30, 1955, that Office had author­
ized program s havin g a gross value of $8,321 m illion which
required the follow ing certification of borrow ing authority
to cover w orking capital requirem ents and the estim ated
net cost to the G overnm ent. O f the $8.3 billion, program s
involvin g gross transactions of $4.3 billion rem ained to be
con tracted for or com pleted.




Inventory—July 1__________________
Received by purchase during year..

1955 actual
$374.2
482.6

1956 estimate
$441.7
320.1

1957 estimate
$553.5
245.9

Total available for sale..

856.8

761.8

799.4

Sales during the year:
1. T o national stockpile.
2. T o industry___________

373.3
25.6

137.2
43.0

99.1
11.5

Total sales........
Losses on sales______
Inventory—June 30..

398.9
16.2
441.7

180.2
28.1
553.5

110.6
25.1
663.7

856.8

761.8

799.4

Total dispositions and June 30 in­
ventory____________________________

In addition, the General Services A dm inistration
certifies defense loans to the Treasury D epartm ent or
the E x p o rt-im p o rt B ank o f W ashington and makes
recom m endations with respect to tax am ortization
certificates; and it has been delegated responsibility for
the basic materials developm ent program previously

94

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

B U D G E T

A N D

FO R

M A N A G E M E N T

PUBLIC E N T E R P R IS E F U N D S— Continued
E X P A N S IO N

OF

DEFENSE

P R O D U C T I O N — C o n tin u e d

E x p a n sio n o f D e fe n s e P r o d u c tio n — C o n tin u e d

carried on b y Foreign O perations A dm inistration, and its
successor, tbe International C ooperation A dm inistration,
in certain countries o f E urope, the N ear East, and A frica.
One o f the m ajor program s financed from this fund
involves expansion o f nickel produ ction in C uba. The
C uban N ickel C o. was incorporated in C uba in 1942 to
b old title to and act as custodian o f the G overn m en t’s
investm ent in nickel processing in Cuba. Th e original
investm ent of the U nited States G overnm ent was made b y
the R econ struction Finance C orporation during W orld
W ar II, after which the G overn m en t’s investm ent was
transferred to the General Services A dm inistration. As
o f June 30, 1955, the net investm ent in the plant, in­
cluding reactivation and plant expansion costs, was
$32,212,917.
Shortly after the start o f the K orean em ergency, the
plant was reactivated at a cost of $11,594,025, o f which
$10,901,529 was financed from funds appropriated for the
strategic and critical materials program and $692,496
from the borrow in g authority provided in the D efense
Produ ction A ct. A fter the plant resumed operations, the
Office of D efense M ob iliza tion authorized additional
changes in the plant w hich required an investm ent of
$3,204,699. M ore recently, after clearance with the
Joint C om m ittee on D efense P roduction, the Office of
D efense M ob iliza tion authorized an expansion in plant
cap acity of about 75 percent at an estim ated cost of $43
million. A t June 30, 1955, $4,093,722 of this expansion
was com pleted; it is estim ated that $24,093,722 will be
com pleted b y June 30, 1956, and that the entire expan­
sion will be accom plished in 1957. These later authoriza­
tions b y the Office of D efense M obilization are being
financed from the borrow in g authority p rovided in the
D efense Produ ction A ct and the resultant expenditures
are reflected in the financial statem ents which follow under
the caption “ M inerals and m etals program ,” as G overn ­
m ent-ow ned industrial plant.
The activities o f the C u ban N ickel C o. are at present
confined to perform ance of such acts as are required of it
by C uban law as proprietor of physical assets in Cuba,
and lim ited m aintenance of the plant.
Department of Agriculture.— Th e purchase and resale of
agricultural com m odities, except forest products, are
carried ou t b y the C om m od ity C redit C orporation, which
is reim bursed from this fun d for the net costs involved.
The Secretary o f A griculture has been allocated borrow ing
authority for this purpose.
D uring 1955, the program to increase supplies o f castor
beans was continued. T h e C orporation continued the
m anagem ent o f inventories o f castor beans and oil,
A m erican-E gyptian cotton and cottonseed, kenaf seed and
fiber, and linseed oil acquired under program s initiated in
prior years. All inventories, except A m erican-E gyptian
cotton and castor beans and oil, had been disposed o f b y
June 30, 1955. I t is anticipated that the inven tory of
A m erican-E gyptian cotton will be sold b y the end of
1957. H ow ever, it is estim ated that castor beans and
castor oil will remain in the in ven tory of the C om m od ity
C redit C orporation b eyon d June 30, 1957.
N et realized losses on purchase and resale operations
am ounted to $30,460,531 during 1955 and are estim ated
at $3,149,329 and $5,893,368 during 1956 and 1957,




F IS C A L

Y E A R

1957

F U N D S —

C o n tin u e d

respectively. D u rin g 1956 it is estim ated that the
Secretary o f A griculture will reim burse the C o m m o d ity
C redit C orporation in the am ount of $45,383,427 for the
net costs of the com pleted linseed oil, kenaf, and A m ericanE gyp tian cottonseed program s. Such paym ents con sti­
tute the net b udgetary expenditures under this fund.
These funds are obtained b y borrow in g from the Treasury.
Interest accrued on borrow ings b y the Secretary o f A gri­
culture from the Treasury am ounted to $42,486 during
1955. Such interest is anticipated to am ount to $1,209,514 and $1,233,000 for 1956 and 1957, respectively.
In addition to purchase and resale operations, the
Secretary o f A griculture m a y recom m end to the Office
o f D efense M ob iliza tion the certification o f certain loans
for increasing plant ca p a city to process or store agricul­
tural com m odities. As o f June 30, 1955, $2,674,000 in
loans had been com m itted b y the Treasury D epartm ent.
N o loans are expected to be certified during 1956 or 1957.
Department ojf the Interior.— Operations within the D e ­
partm ent o f the In terior w ith regard to the expansion o f
defense p rodu ction have been lim ited to the encourage­
m ent o f exploration for strategic and critical minerals and
metals. F rom the beginning o f the program through
June 30, 1955, the D efense M inerals E xploration A dm in ­
istration had entered into 767 contracts, in w hich the
G overn m en t’s share o f estim ated costs am ounted to
$22,454,915, as against a total estim ated cost of
$36,894,860.
T h e D epartm ent had certified, as o f the end o f June
1955, 201 discoveries on projects in volvin g con tract
am ounts o f $9,138,706, o f w hich the G overn m en t’s share
is $5,703,081. R eports received through June 30, 1955,
indicate that a total o f $4,394,059 o f G overn m en t funds
had been spent on these certified projects. If p rod u ction
takes place on these projects w ithin a 10-year period,
som e part, at least, o f the G overn m en t funds advanced will
be repaid according to a ro y a lty arrangement.
Treasury Department.— T h e fun ction o f m aking and
adm inistering loans to private business enterprises in the
U nited States under the au th ority o f section 302 o f the
D efense P rodu ction A ct o f 1950, as am ended, was assigned
to the Secretary o f the Treasu ry b y E xecu tive Order
10489, dated Septem ber 26, 1953. A pplication s for loans
are considered on ly upon certification o f essentiality b y
the Office o f D efense M ob iliza tion or the General Services
A dm inistration. N et loan certifications were $233,260,000
on June 30, 1955, against w hich actual borrow ings from
the Treasury am ounted to $166,440,000.
D uring 1955, one loan fo r $2,200,000 was authorized
under this authority. T h e loan was m ade b y a private
banking institution w ith the G overn m en t taking a deferred
participation o f 90 percent. On June 30, 1955, there were
81^ loans am ounting to $170,869,984 outstanding under
this authority. In addition, there was $57,867,280 in
undisbursed com m itm ents, o f w hich $15,073,438 repre­
sented com m itm ents to participate in loans m ade b y
banks wherein disbursem ent o f Treasury funds is deferred.
Loans and com m itm ents outstanding are disposed o f
to private financial institutions and investors w henever
possible. Including sales o f loans, scheduled repaym ents,
and cancellation o f com m itm ents, the tota l am ount of
loans and com m itm ents ou tstanding was reduced b y
$21,068,543 during 1955.
F ollow in g the hurricane and flood disasters w hich
occurred in the late sum m er and fall o f 1955, the Presi­
dent, in E xecutive Order 10634, dated A u gu st 25, 1955,
authorized the use o f the D efense P rodu ction A ct lending

FU N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

authority to aid in the recon stru ction and replacem ent
of facilities required for national defense which were d e­
stroyed or dam aged in m a jor disasters. Certifications o f
essentiality b y the D irector of the Office of D efense
M ob iliza tion are required before the Secretary o f the
T reasury m ay authorize loans for this purpose.
It is anticipated that the total am ount of loans author­
ized in con n ection with the flood and hurricane dam age
w hich occurred in A ugust and O ctober 1955 will reach $20
million. A b ou t half of the am ount authorized will be
m ade b y banks on a deferred participation basis, with
disbursem ent of Treasury funds being conditional only.
D isbursem ent on loans am ounted to $44,489,818 in
1955. In 1956, it is anticipated that abou t $6 m illion
will be disbursed on loans authorized in con n ection with
disasters, and $42.7 m illion will be disbursed on a large
loan for cop p er developm ent in the southwest. R e c o v ­
ery of the latter am ount is expected during 1957, h o w ­
ever, since it is anticipated that the loan will be refinanced
privately.
L argely due to the sale or refinancing o f outstanding
loans, receipts o f principal am ounts are expected to reach
$44.2 m illion in 1956 and $157.5 m illion in 1957.
Export-import Bank oj Washington.— Pursuant to sec­
tion 311 o f E xecu tive Order 10480 o f A ugust 15, 1953,
w hich superseded E xecutive Order 10161, the E xp ortim p o r t Bank, w ith funds provided under section 304 o f the
D efense P rodu ction A ct of 1950, as am ended, is responsible
for m aking and adm inistering all loans under section 302 of
the act, upon receipt of certificates o f essentiality issued b y
the D irector of D efense M obilization or the General
Services A dm inistrator, where the expansion, developm ent
or p roduction so financed is carried on in foreign countries.
N o certificates were received and no new loans were
authorized b y the B ank during 1955. D uring the year
the B ank continued to administer the six active credits
previously authorized under this authority as shown in
the financial statem ents. One o f these credits is in
default in the am ount o f $31,922, plus interest at 5
percent from Septem ber 11, 1953. On D ecem ber 8,
1953, the case was referred to the D epartm en t o f Justice
for action. N o loans are expected to be certified during
1956 or 1957.
Operating results and financial condition.— The operating
loss for conducting the program s o f all agencies during
1957 is currently estim ated at $63.4 m illion as com pared
w ith $85.1 m illion and $51.8 m illion in 1955 and 1956,
respectively. These losses prim arily result from the resale
o f high-cost material at m arket prices and from financing
experimental research projects in such materials as tita­
nium, manganese, nickel, etc.
T he deficit at the end of 1957 is estim ated at $321.9
million as com pared with $206.7 m illion at the end of
1955. Because o f the large unexpended balance rem aining
in the borrow ing authority, it is not necessary to seek
new authorizations from the Congress to replace the
deficit at this time.
Inventories o f minerals and metals (stated at cost) are
expected to increase from $441.7 m illion in 1955 to $663.7
m illion at the end of 1957. Th e inventories at the end
o f 1957 represent the accum ulation b y the G overnm ent
o f such materials as titanium ($157.1 m illion), tungsten
($320.1 m illion), manganese ($63.8 m illion), chrom ite
($15 m illion), and colum bium ($49.7 m illion). This m a­
terial is held b y the G overnm ent in this account because
it cannot be absorbed w ithin existing m inim um stockpile
ob jectives and there is no current industrial need for the
m aterial in the econom y.
N o new additional advances to contractors are expected




TO

T H E

9
5

P R E S ID E N T

to be m ade during 1956 or 1957. R epaym en ts on advances
m ade to date will reduce the balance due from contractors
from $87.9 million in 1955 to $62.1 m illion in 1957.
R epaym ents b y borrow ers on existing loans are expected
to reduce the outstanding balance o f loans receivable
from $163.5 m illion at the end o f 1955 to $57.4 million
on June 30, 1957.
The investm ent in land and structures will increase to
approxim ately $108.3 million, largely as a result o f ex­
penditures o f about $43 m illion for expansion o f the
G overnm ent-ow ned N icaro nickel plant in Cuba.
The net effect o f operations during 1956 and 1957 will
result in increasing the interest-bearing investm ent o f the
G overnm ent in this program from $1,002 m illion at the
end o f 1955 to $1,205 million on June 30, 1957.
A . S ta te m e n t o f s o u r c e s a n d a p p lic a tio n o f fu n d s

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

FUNDS APPLIED
To operations:
General Services Administration:
Minerals and metals program:
Acquisition of assets:
Advance to contractors- _ __ __
Government-owned
industrial
plant. . . .
__ _. ____ __
Mineral rights __ _ . .
_ _
Expenses:
Purchase and manufacturing
_ _ _ _ _____ __
costs_____
Operating expenses. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Accessorial expenses____ _ __ _
Net cost of programs other than
purchase or resale_______ ____
Other___________________________
Writeoff of accounts receivable
and accrued receivables________
Inventories transferred to other
Government agencies and funds.
Machine tool program:
Acquisition of assets:
Machine tools in storage___ _ . . .
Machine tools on lease___ _
__
Expenses:
Operating expenses _ _
Net cost, machine tool contract
terminations
_ _ __ __ _
Rubber program: Writeoff of ac­
counts receivable. _ ____ _________
Undistributed:
Acquisition of assets: Office equip-

$25, 767, 383

$7,594,000

7, 293, 458
138, 746

20, 000, 000
619, 000

$18,906,000

482, 571, v 3
*6
7, 587, 286

320, 062, 000

245, 924. 000

5, 492, 000

4,200, 500

6, 697, 000

5, 940, 000

5,000, 000
220, 000

13, 600,000

2,837, 324
28,800
3, 203
183, 961
68,082
454, 301
284, 457
328, 492

1,100, 000

87, 782
1,135

E xpenses:
Administrative expenses __ ___
Interest—Treasury_ __________
_
Custodial expenses _ _ _ __
Adjustment of accrued annual leave.
Adjustment to prior year operations.
Increase in selected working capital.
Total, General Services Admin­
istration.
_________ _______ _
Department of Agriculture:
Expenses:
Net cost of purchase and resale
operations. __ _ _ _ _ _____
Interest—Treasury _ _
...
Increase in selected working capital
Total, Department of Agriculture.
Department of the Interior:
Acquisition of assets, loans_______ . . .
Expenses:
Interest—Treasury. _ ________ __
Administrative expenses __ _._ ._
Total, Department of the Interior.
Treasury Department:
Acquisition of assets, loans. __ _____
Expenses:
Interest—Treasury. .
__________
Administrative expenses___________
Losses on notes and accounts
receivable
Other expenses____ _____ _________
Adjustment of prior year income___
Increase in selected working capitaL
Total, Treasury Department____
Export-import Bank of Washington:
Acquisition of assets, loans... . . .
Expenses:
Interest—Treasury _______________
Administrative expenses___ ________

10, 200

10, 200

2, 565, 600
14,353,464

2, 939, 800
20,000, 000
2,000,000

2, 689, 800
23,000,000
2, 500,000

28, 828
13,235
88
544, 597, 500

391, 734, 088

316, 770, 500

30,460, 531
42,486

3,149,329
1, 209, 514
41,024, 584

5,893,368
1, 233,000

30, 503,017

45,383,427

7,126,368

2, 435, 736

2, 700,000

1, 600,000

305, 660
1, 219, 645

400,000
1,350,000

480,000
1,000,000

3, 961,041

4,450,000

3,080,000

44,489, 818

48, 700,000

2,000,000

3, 323, 720
156, 619

4, 590, 000
222, 500

2, 580,000
150,000

258,884
9, 299
1,814
1,911, 773

10,816

10,000

50,151, 927

53, 523,316

4, 740,000

9,495,980

11,811,063

10,622,300

457,323
4,971

700,900
5,000

904,800
5,000

9
6

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

B U D G E T

A N D

FO R

F IS C A L

M A N A G E M E N T

PUBLIC ENTERPRISE FUNDS— Continued

Y E A R

1957

F U N D S —

C o n tin u e d

A . S t a te m e n t o f s o u r c e s a n d a p p lic a tio n o f f u n d s — C o n tin u e d
EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

E X P A N S IO N

OF

DEFENSE

P R O D U C T I O N — C o n tin u e d
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$639,171,759
497,150,300

$507, 792,131
270, 220, 476

$343,460,168
304, 247,868

142,021,459

237, 571, 655

39, 212,300

The above are charged or credited (—) as
follows:
228,659,973
To budgetary authorizations____________
-8 6 ,6 3 8 , 514
T o net receipts of the fund
___________ . .

176,588, 600
60,983,055

26, 744,800
12,467, 500

E x p a n s io n o f D e fe n s e P r o d u c tio n — C o n tin u e d
A . S t a te m e n t o f s o u r c e s a n d a p p lic a tio n o f f u n d s — C o n tin u e d

Funds applied to operations______________
Funds provided by operations___ __ Net effect on budget expenditures...

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

FUNDS APPLIED— Continued
To operations— Continued
Export-import Bank of W a s h in g to n Continued
Increase in selected working capital

$184,337

$211,200

Total, Export-import Bank of
Washington......... ..................................

$9,958, 274

12, 701,300

11, 743,300

Total applied to operations. ...............

639,171, 759

507, 792,131

343, 460,168

B . S ta te m e n t o f in c o m e an d e x p e n se

To financing:
Repayment of borrowing to Treasury:
Treasury Department________________
Export-import Bank of Washington-.
Increase in Treasury cash_______________

49,027, 000
1,047, 000

160, 948, 000
3, 204, 500

Total applied to financing__________

105,961,801

50,074,000

164,152, 500

Total funds applied____________ _____

745,133,560

557,866,131

507,612, 668

FUNDS PROVIDED
By operations:
General Services Administration:
Minerals and metals program:
Realization of assets:
Repayment of advances to con­
tractors___
. . . . . ------Disposal of Government-owned
plant assets __________ ____ ______
Sale of acquired collateral_________
I n c o m e .. . ___ _________ _____ __
Machine-tool program:
Realization of assets:
Repayment of advances to con­
tractors___ _________ ______ _____
Sale of machine tools in storage._.
Sale of machine tools on lease. - Income_______________________________
Rubber program: Income __________
Undistributed:
Realization of assets: Sale of office
equipment________________ ______
Decrease in selected working capitalTotal, General Services Adm in­
istration________________
___
Department of Agriculture: Decrease in
selected working capital______________
Department of the Interior:
Realization of assets: Loan repayments Decrease in selected working capital-Total, Department of the Interior.

14, 457, 734

22, 591, 000

2, 056
900
404, 631, 695

88
183, 667, 000

939, 796
3,154, 589
3,473, 244
1,164

24, 000
700, 000
1,400,000
2, 669,000

10, 773, 000

211,051,088

30, 503, 017

113,420, 000

200, 000
2, 600, 000
1, 410, 000

128,403,000
7,126,368

639, 267
16, 503

400, 000
25, 000

300, 000
30, 000

655,770

425, 000

330, 000

Treasury Department:
Realization of assets: Loan repay­
ments - _______________ ________
Income_________________ _________ ____
Decrease in selected working capital

24, 776, 918
8, 263,818

44, 223,984
8, 730,000
3,320, 704

157, 527,000
4,911,000
950,000

Total, Treasury Department______

33, 040, 736

56, 274, 688

163,388,000

Export-import Bank of Washington:
Realization of assets: Loan repay­
ments
__________________________
Income _________ _____________________
Decrease in selected working capital. _
Total, Export-import Bank of
Washington................... .......................
Total provided b y operations. __
By financing:
Borrowings from Treasury:
General Services Administration-........
Department of Agriculture___________
Department of the Interior....................
Treasury Department________________
Export-import Bank of W ashington..
Decrease in Treasury cash______________

263, 810
916,960
57, 531

1,047,000
1,422, 700

3, 204, 500
1, 796,000

1,238,301

2,469, 700

5,000, 500

270, 220, 476

304, 247,868

200,000,000

120,000,000
45,384,000
4,000,000
46,000,000
11,278,600
60,983,055

176, 200,000
2, 750,000
2,000,000
9,947,300
12,467, 500

Total provided b y financing..............

247, 983,260

287,645, 655

203,364,800

Total funds provided........ ............. ........

745,133, 560

557,866,131

507, 612, 668




Incom e:
Minerals and metals program:
Sales_____________________________ ______
Interest on advances to contractors___
Other

$398,874,163
3, 601,457
2,156,075

$180,250,000
3,417,000

$110,552,000
2,868,000

Total income, minerals and metals
program___________________________

404, 631, 695

183, 667, 000

113, 420, 000

14,876
3, 458, 307
61

2, 669, 000

1, 410,000

3,473, 244

2, 669,000

1, 410,000

GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

Total income, machine-tool pro­
g ram .. .
_ .
. _
___
Rubber program: Interest on notes and
accounts receivable

Expenses:
Minerals and metals programs:
Purchase and manufacturing costs___
Increases in inventories ( —) ___________
Cost of commodities sold_______
_
Operating expenses _______ __
Accessorial costs
_ _________
Net cost of programs other than pur­
chase or resale____ _ ___
Loss on disposal of assets
Other
_ _ _
Writeoff of accounts and accrued
receivables
- _
_
__
Depreciation — Government - owned
plants. _ ________ _
._ _
Changes in reserves at Governmentowned plants for expenses paid by
other funds___________________ ______
For self-insurance, contingencies, e x ­
changes in allowances for losses on
advances to contractors
Decrease in allowances for losses on
account receivables ( —)
Total expenses, minerals and
metals program......... ..............

497,150,300

3,000,000
35,440,000
9, 543, 260

1957 estimate

Total income_ ____________________
_

630
5, 050, 668
431, 712, 476

1956 estimate

Machine-tool program:
Interest on advances to contractors___
Rentals________________________________
Other

18, 500, 000
823, 287
86, 638, 514

1955 actual

Machine-tool program:
Operating expenses
N et cost, machine-tool contract termi­
nations
__ ________
Depreciation, machine tools on lease..
Loss on disposal of machine tools and
parts_____ ________ . . .
Total expenses, machine-tool pro­
gram _
____ ____ __ .
_ _
Rubber program: Writeoff accounts
receivable
Undistributed:
Administrative expenses.. _____ __ . .
Interest— T r e a s u ry __________ __ _____
Custodial expenses
_ _ . _ _

1,164

______________ _

408,106,103

186,336,000

114,830,000

482, 571, 963
- 6 7 , 444, 537

320,062, 000
-111,749,000

245, 924,000
-1 1 0 , 203,000

415,127,426
7, 587,286

208, 313,000

135, 721, 000

5,492, 000

4, 200, 500

6, 697, 000

5, 940,000

246,154

210,000

1, 930, 000

-1 ,2 8 6 , 612
130, 660

2,617,000
190,000

2,617,000
190,000

223,519,000

150, 598, 500

1,100, 000
2, 669,000

1, 410,000

3, 769,000

1,410,000

2, 939, 800
20,000, 000
2, 000, 000

2, 689,800
23,000,000
2, 500,000

2, 837, 324
14,182
28,800
3,203

-2 2 1 , 421
- 9 7 , 902
424,369,100
284, 457
328,492
2,300,006
292,527
3, 205,482
87, 782
2,565, 600
14,353, 464
16,919,064

24,939, 800

28,189, 800

_______________

444,581, 428

252, 227, 800

180,198, 300

Net loss (—) for year, General Serv­
ices Administration.__ ...................

-36,475, 325

-6 5 ,891,800

-6 5 ,368,300

30,460, 531

3,149,329

5,893.368

Total undistributed expenses_____.
Total expenses____

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Expenses:
N et cost of purchase and resale opera-

F U N D S

A P P R O P R IA T E D

1956 estimate

T H E

97

P R E S ID E N T

C . S t a te m e n t o f fin a n c ia l c o n d itio n — C o n tin u e d

B . S t a te m e n t o f in c o m e a n d e x p e n s e — C o n tin u e d
1955 actual

TO

1957 estimate

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE—

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$222, 654,415
26,028, 956

$75,845, 215
18,468, 956

ASSETS— Continued

Continued

Expenses:
$42, 486

Wet loss (—) for year, Department of
Agriculture
_ _______________

$1, 209, 514

$1,233,000

- 3 0 , 503, 017

-4 ,3 58,8 43

-7 ,1 26,3 68

N et loans receivable_________________

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Expenses:
Interest— Treasury______________________
Increase in allowance for loss on loans.

Net loss (—) for year, Department of
the Interior________ ______________

305, 660
1, 219, 645
2,192,162

400,000
1, 350, 000
2, 430, 000

480,000
1, 000, 000
1, 440,000

- 3 , 717,467

-4 ,1 8 0 ,0 0 0

-2 ,9 2 0 ,0 0 0

Income:
_______

163, 515,380

196,625,459

57, 376, 259

Lands, structures, and equipment:
Mineral rights________________ __ _ _
Acquired collateral__________________ __
Office equipment. __ ____________ _ .
Machine tools in storage________________
Machine tools on lease
. . . ________
Government-owned industrial plan ts._.

2,174, 907
88
24, 793
12, 740, 820
27,848,462
12,065, 019

2, 793, 907

2, 793, 907

17,040,820
26,668,462
32,065,019

30,440,820
24,068,462
50, 971,019

Total lands, structures, and equip­
m ent___________ ____ ____ __ . . .

___________

Total in c o m e _____________ ______ __

8,185, 030
78, 788

8, 620,000
110,000

4, 786,000
125, 000

8, 263, 818

8, 730,000

4,911, 000

3,323, 720
156, 619
258,884
9, 299
19, 343,082

4, 590,000
222, 500

2, 580,000
150, 000

10, 816
-18,000,000

10,000
- 9 , 000, 000

23,091, 604

-1 3 ,1 7 6 , 684

54,854,089

78, 568,208

108,274,208

Less portion charged off as depreciation:
Machine tools on lease______ ____ __
Government-owned industrial plants.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT
Interest earned. _

Loans receivable. . _. ___________ __
$205,114, 336
Less allowance
___ ________ __ _ for losses 956
41, 598,

5,874,698
447,939

8, 543, 698
657, 939

9, 953, 698
2, 587, 939

Total depreciation_______ __________

6, 322, 637

9, 201, 637

12, 541, 637

N et lands, structures, and equip­
m ent. _______________ __

48, 531, 452

69, 366, 571

95, 732, 571

6, 510,179
264, 298

6, 510,179
264, 298

6, 510,179
264, 298

- 6 , 260,000

Expenses:
______
Interest— Treasury __ __________
Administrative expenses .
_____ __
Losses on notes and accounts receivable.
Other expenses
___________ ________
Changes in valuation allowances._. ._ _
Total e x p e n s e s ________

________

Deferred charges and other assets:
Prepaid expenses and deferred charges. _
Other assets. ________________ _____ __
Total deferred charges and other
assets_____ _________ _______________

Net income or loss (—) for year,
Treasury Department___________ _

- 1 4 , 827, 786

21, 906, 684

11,171, 000

EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF
WASHINGTON
Income:
_ ..

916, 960

1, 422, 700

1, 796, 000

.

457, 323
4, 971

700, 900
5, 000

904, 800
5, 000

Total expenses_____ _______________

462,294

705,900

909, 800

Net income for year, Export-import
Bank of Washington . . .
__ _
_

454,666

716, 800

886,200

Net loss for year (—) defense produc­
tion activities .
_ __________ .

-85,068,929

-51,807,159

-63,357,468

Interest earned____________________

Expenses:
.

ANALYSIS OF DEFICIT ( - )
Deficit ( —), beginning of year
____
Adjustment for accrued annual leave
Adjustment to prior year operations:
Affecting working capital
N ot affecting working capital

Deficit (—), end of year_____________

-122,166, 901
- 2 8 , 828

-2 0 6 , 691, 560

-258,498, 719

- 1 5 , 049
588,147
-206,691, 560

-258,498, 719

-321,856,187

1956 estimate

13,838,642
20,084, 603
186, 649

73, 444,461

31, 216, 526

34,109,894

9, 313,903
1, 472, 544

13,438, 520
444, 693

15,701, 520
426, 589

Total accrued expenses. __________
Contract holdbacks____ ________ ______
Trust and deposit liabilities _________

10, 786, 447
807,342
176,879

13,883, 213
807,342
206, 000

16,128,109
807, 342
156, 000

85, 215,129

46,113, 081

51, 201,345

9,157, 621
423, 697

11, 774, 621
613, 697

14, 391, 621
803, 697

Total current liabilities____________
Reserves:
Minerals and metals at Governmentowned plants:
For expenses paid by other fu n d s ...
Self-insurance, contingencies, e t c ...
Losses under deferred participation
in loans_____________ _ _ . . . .

200, 000

200, 000

200, 000

9, 781, 318

12. 588, 318

15, 395, 318

94, 996,447

58,701,399

66, 596,663

Interest-bearing investment: Notes pay­
able to Treasury .
_
_
_

1, 002, 012, 356

1,178,600, 956

1,205,345, 756

Non-interest-bearing investment:
Donated assets
_
_ _
Assets transferred to other Government
agencies or funds ( —) .
______ __ _ .
Deficit ( —) _________________ . . . . ____

3, 269, 946

3, 269, 946

3, 269, 946

- 9 , 009, 535
-2 0 6 , 691, 560

- 9 , 044, 528
-258,498,719

- 9 , 054, 728
-321,856,187

Total other liabilities. . . . __

_

INVESTMENT OF U. S. GOVERNMENT
1957 estimate

ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash in Treasury_______ __________ . . .
Cash on hand and in transit _ _________

7,945, 274
23, 084, 603
186, 649

Accrued expenses:
Interest— Treasury. ___ _________ _____
Other ________ . . . _______ _____ _________

Total liabilities and reserves
C . S t a t e m e n t o f fin a n c ia l c o n d itio n

1955 actual

6, 774, 477
944,301,450

50,173,209
23,084, 603
186, 649

Total accounts payable____________

Interest— Treasury____
__ __
Administrative expenses.

6,774,477
973,029,054

LIABILITIES AND RESERVES
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable:
Government agencies_________________
__
Trade___________ ________ __
Other _____________ _________ _______

6, 774,477
884, 577, 654

Total assets________________ ______

$109,131, 595
1, 203, 636

$48,148, 540
2, 703, 636

$35,681,040
2, 703, 636

_______________ _____

110, 335, 231

50,852,176

38,384, 676

Total non-interest-bearing invest­
ments____ ________ __ .
.

-2 1 2 , 431,149

-2 6 4 , 273,301

-327,640,969

Accounts receivable:
Trade __
_____ ___________________
Government agencies___
_ __ ___
Claims
.
_
_ _ ___________
O th e r ___
.
_ __
_
_
_

2,782,712
1,126. 660
129,163
529, 855

2,782,712
1,126, 660
129,163
529, 855

2,782,712
1,126, 660
129,163
529, 855

Total investment of U. S. Govern­
ment______ _____________________

789, 581,207

914,327,655

877, 704,787

Total liabilities and investment of
U. S. Government__ ____________

884, 577, 654

973,029,054

944,301,450

Total accounts receivable___________
Accrued interest received. . . . ________
Notes receivable
________

4. 568,390
10, 007, 481
39,016

4, 568. 390
7, 289, 650
18,104

4, 568, 390
4, 500, 850

Inventories (at cost):
Minerals and metals___
_______ __
Supplies______
____________________

441, 725,171
4, 365, 042

553, 474,171
4, 365, 042

663, 677,171
4, 365,042

Total inventories_____ _______ ______

446, 090, 213

557, 839, 213

668,042, 213

Advances:
Employees_______ . . __ . . ._ -----Government agencies. .
. _ _______
To agents______
..
...
_________

5, 608
37, 341
6, 771, 657

5, 608
37, 341
6, 771, 657

5, 608
37, 341
6, 771, 657

Total cash____

S c h e d u le A - l ,

. . . __________

6, 814, 606

6, 814, 606

6, 814, 606

Total current assets_________________
Advances to contractors____________ ______

577, 854, 937
87, 901,408

627,382,139
72,880,408

722,310, 735
62,107,408

Total advances___




N o t e . — Obligated balances are as follows: June 30,1954,: $724,689,152; 1955, $630,691,125;
1956, $536,192,220; and 1957, $356,611,588.
Unobligated balances are as follows: June 30, 1954, $(>24,451,546; 1955, $576,428,114;
1956, $433,355,364; and 1957, $573,723,696.
Cash balance with Treasury on June 30, 1954, was $22,49 3,081.

A c c r u e d a d m in i s t r a ti v e e x p e n s e s b y o b je c t s

Object classification
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all em p loy ees________
Num ber of employees at end of year______

1955 actual
264
4
246
234

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

253
2
251
238

202
191

220

98

T H E

R E V O L V IN G

B U D G E T

A N D

FO R

M A N A G E M E N T

PU BLIC E N T E R P R IS E FU N D S— Continued
E X P A N S IO N

OF

DEFENSE

P R O D U C T I O N — C o n tin u e d

E x p a n s io n o f D e fe n se P ro d u c tio n — C o n tin u e d
S c h e d u le A - l .

A c c r u e d a d m i n i s t r a t i v e e x p e n s e s b y o b je c ts — C o n .
1955 actual

Object classification
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_____________________
Average grade______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary..
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal serv­
ices________________________________
Excess of annual leave earned over
annual leave taken________________
Total personal services_________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Payment to “ Administrative oper­
ations fund, General Services A d ­
ministration” _____________________
Services performed by other agencies.
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment____________________________
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$6,182
G S-8.7
$3,494

$6, 712
G S-8.7
$3,865

$6,805
GS-8.8
$3,850

$1,470, 460
17,388
5,858
39, 754

$1,626, 774
8, 700
5, 970
46,871

$1,337,997

2,067

1,305,330
901, 259
9,730
3, 255
45
4, 571

1,619,000
1, 016,300
12, 200
700

1, 526,000
769,800
10,900
200

2, 675

400

Total accrued administrative ex­
penses_____________________________
Deduct reimbursements from borrowers..

3, 988,314
40,344

4, 547, 500
20, 000

3,858,000
3, 000

N et accrued administrative
penses----------

3,947, 970

4, 527, 500

3,855,000

ex-

S E C U R IT Y

D is c h a r g e o f I n v e s t m e n t G u a r a n t y L i a b i l i t i e s , M u t u a l S e c u r i t y A c t
AMOUNTS AVAILABLE FOR OBLIGATION

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$149, 717, 470

Unobligated balance brought forward (au­
thorization to expend from public debt
receipts)______________________ _________
Unobligated balance no longer available:
Proceeds of sale of foreign currency_____
Unobligated balance carried forward (au­
thorization to expend from public debt
receipts)________ ______________
_______

$105, 967, 834

$47, 589, 988

-3 ,2 9 2 ,1 8 4

-3 ,4 0 0 , 000

- 3 , 800, 000

-1 0 5 , 967, 834

- 4 7 , 589, 988

_________

40, 457, 452

54, 977, 846

Obligations incurred_____

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

78, 046, 298

132, 579,144

176, 289, 988

Obligated balance carried forward (au­
thorization to expend from public debt
re c e ip ts).____ _______ _________ ______ __

- 7 7 , 601, 298

-1 3 2 , 500, 000

-1 7 5 , 051,988

Total transfers to revolving fund
(out of prior authorizations)______

445, 000

79,144

1, 238, 000

PERFORM ANCE

In order to encourage private A m erican industrial in­
vestm ent abroad, and to facilitate the distribution o f in­
form ational m edia, P u blic L aw 665 (approved A ug. 26,
1954), authorizes guaranties against two noncom m ercial
risks. These risks are (1) incon vertibility o f local cur­




195 5 a ctu al

1956 e stim a te

1957 e stim a te

$71,245,799
6,355, 499

$125,000,000
7,500,000

$165,551,988
9,500,000

77,601,298

132,500,000

175,051,988

Industrial guaranties.— As o f June 30, 1955, a total o f
$88,822,728 investm ent guaranties had been issued since
the inception o f the program in 1948, o f w hich $71,245,799
were outstanding. O f this total am ount issued, $73,262,625 were against risks o f in con vertib ility and $15,560,103
were against the risk o f loss b y expropriation. In 1955, the
num ber o f countries participating in this program increased
from 19 to 26; additional increases are anticipated in
1956 and 1957.
F rom the inception o f the program until June 30, 1955,
no disbursem ents had been m ade under any o f these
investm ent guaranties and a total o f $1,280,649 in fees
had been collected.
Informational media guaranties.— P u blic L aw 665 (ap­
p roved A ug. 26, 1954) authorized the D irector o f the
U nited States In form ation A g e n cy to m ake guaranties o f
investm ents abroad in enterprises producing or distribut­
ing inform ational m edia consistent w ith the national inter­
ests o f the U nited States. T his law provides that the
am ount o f such guaranties w ritten in any fiscal year m a y
not exceed $10 m illion. As o f June 30, 1955, a total o f
$30,989,179 inform ational m edia guaranties had been
issued since the start of this program , o f w hich $6,355,499
were ou tstanding; fees totaling $413,831 had been
collected and disbursem ents o f $17,159,083 b ad been
m ade.
S ta te m e n t o f s o u r c e s a n d a p p lic a tio n o f fu n d s
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$4,500,000

$6,000,000

4,049, 817

4, 500,000

6,000,000

By operations:
Realization of assets: Dollar proceeds
from sale of foreign currency (informa­
tional media guaranties).. _ ___ . . .
Income: Fees collected:
Informational media guaranties______
Industrial guaranties. _______ __ _ __

3,292,184

3, 400,000

3,800,000

76,946
235,687

145.000
272.000

200,000
462,000

Total provided by operations----------

3, 604, 817

3, 817, 000

4,462,000

445,000

79,144
603, 856

1,238,000
300,000

FUNDS APPLIED

$132, 500,000
43, 789, 988

AND

STATUS OF GUARANTIES OUTSTANDING BY TYPES

43, 789, 988

Obligated balance brought forward (au­
thorization to expend from public debt
receipts). . . ______________
__ _______
$37, 588, 846
$77, 601, 298
Obligations incurred during the year 977, 846
-------40, 457, 452
54,

PROGRAM

C o n tin u e d

ren cy receipts from an investm ent and (2) loss o f invest­
m ent resulting from expropriation or confiscation. T h e
insurance, which m a y have a m axim um term o f 20 years,
is available for U nited States investm ents in any cou n try
w ith w hich the U nited States has agreed to institute the
guaranty program . Prem ium s up to 1 percent for the
first type o f risk and up to 4 percent for the second typ e are
authorized. It is now estim ated that total available
authority will be com pletely utilized early in 1957.
W hen paym ent is m ade pursuant to a guaranty, the
currency, property, or claims on account o f w hich such
paym ent is m ade becom es the p rop erty o f the U nited
States.

A.

ANALYSIS OF TRANSFERS TO REVOLVING FUND

1955 actual

F U N D S —

Total outstanding___________________

2, 355

795

1,371,939
97. 700
7,000
29, 200
6,100
11, 200
27, 561

M UTUAL

1957

Industrial__________________________________
Informational media_______________________

1, 690, 670
105,500
8,400
29, 700
12, 600
14,800
34,955

08
09
13
15

Y E A R

33,942

1, 536,322
92,609
5, 776
26, 624
14,435
10, 205
78,153

02
03
04
05
06
07

F IS C A L

To operations:
Acquisition of assets:
Purchase of foreign currencies (infor­
mational media guaranties)_______ __
To financing:
Increase in Treasury cash _ _ ___
Total funds applied

__________ _____

$3,168,046
881, 771

FUNDS PROVIDED

By financing:
Borrowing from T reasu ry______ _____
Decrease in Treasury c a s h _________
Total provided by financing________

445,000

683,000

1, 538,000

Total funds provided________________

4, 049,817

4, 500, 000

6,000,000

99

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO TH E PRESIDENT

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS

A. Statem ent o f sources and application of funds— Continued
EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
1955 actual

MUTUAL SECURITY

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$4, 500,000
3, 817, 000

$6, 000, 000
4, 462,000

-4 3 6 , 771

683, 000

1, 538, 000

445, 000
-8 8 1 , 771

79,144
603, 856

1, 238,000
300,000

Advances and Reimbursements, M ilitary Assistance
OPERATIONS AND FINANCING

_ _
Funds applied by operations_____
$3,168,046
Funds provided by operations
_________ ._
3, 604, 817
Net effect on budget expenditures
The above are charged or credited ( —):
To budgetarv authorizations...... .............
T o net receipts of the fu n d ... ...................

1955 actual
Operations by activities:
1. Expenses of supplying and delivering
$325, 813
m a teriel-_________ ___ _________ 2. Administration___________ _ . _
_
833, 649
____ __
3. Other activities_________________ 4, 609, 055
Total obligations___________ ________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Income :
Fees collected:
Informational media guaranties______
Industrial guaranties______ ____________

$76, 946
235, 687

$145,000
272,000

5, 768, 517

5, 739, 678

5, 736, 511

5, 739, 678

Total financing___________

5, 768, 517

$200,000
462,000

Net income for the year........... .............

312, 633

417,000

662, 000

Object classification

336,885
76,946

413,831
145,000

558,831
200,000

Retained earnings, end of year_____

413,831

558,831

758,831

Industrial guaranties:
Retained earnings, beginning of year..
N et income for the year_______________

1,044,961
235, 687

1,280, 648
272,000

1, 552, 648
462,000

Retained earnings, end of year..........

1,280, 648

1,552,648

2,014, 648

Total retained earnings, end of year-

1,694, 479

2,111,479

2, 773,479

1955 actual

1956 estimate

$953,856
6, 730, 623

$350,000
7,830, 623

$50,000
10,030, 623

7,684,479

8,180, 623

10,080, 623

5, 990,000

6,069,144

7,307,144

413,831
1, 280, 648

558,831
1, 552, 648

758, 831
2, 014, 648

INVESTMENT OF U. S. GOVERNMENT
Principal of fund (interest bearing): Notes
held by Treasury________________________
Retained earnings (reserved for future
contingencies):
Informational media guaranties________
Industrial guaranties____________________

Average salaries and grades:
Foreign Service officer:
Average salary_____________________
Average grade______________________
Foreign Service reserve:
Average salary_____________________
Average grade______________________
Foreign Service staff:
Average salary_____________________
Average grade______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary.

1957 estimate

ASSETS

Total assets__________________________

Total number of permanent positions,.
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of yea r...

01

C. Statem ent o f financial condition

Current assets:
Cash with Treasury_______ _______ ______
Foreign currencies on hand (at cost)____

_______

Total retained earnings.........................

1,694, 479

2, 111, 479

7,684,479

8,180,623

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

5, 739, 678

1955 actual

1956 estimate

476
415

Total personal services..
Travel_____________ _____ ____
Transportation of things___
Communication services___
Rents and utility services.-.
Printing and reproduction,_
Other contractual services..
Supplies and materials_____
Equipm ent_________________
Taxes and assessments_____
Total obligations.

1957 estimate

365
362

$8, 780
FSO -4

$8, 780
F S O -4

$8, 780
F S R -4

$8, 780
F S R -4

$5, 205
FSS-9.7
$971

$5, 216
FSS-9.7
$971

$513,084
563
34, 937

$469,154
542
33, 297

548, 584
61,940
223,147
13,319
47, 474
1,072
14, 284
4, 719, 445
138, 786

502, 993
16,100
30, 500
13, 400
48, 500
1,100
15, 000
5,072, 800
38, 819
466

5, 768, 517

Personal services:
Permanent positions_____________
Regular pay above 52-week base..
Payment above basic rates______

5, 739, 678

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

2, 773, 479

Total investment of U. S. Government-

32,006

OBLIGATIONS BY OBJECTS

ANALYSIS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
Retained earnings (reserve for future con­
tingencies) :
Informational media guaranties:
Retained earnings beginning of y ea r..
N et income for the year______ ________

1957 estimate

$739, 678
5,000,000

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from—
Other accounts____
.
_ _
__ _
Non-Federal sources (40 U . S. C . 481
( c ) ) __________________________________

B. Statem ent o f incom e and expense
1955 actual

1956 estimate

10,080, 623

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDfJET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
N ote .— O bligated balances are as follows: June 30, 1954, $37,588,846; 1955, $77,601,298;
1956, $132,500,000; and 1657, $175,051,988.
Unobligated balances are as follows: June 30, 1954, $149,789,555; 1955, $106,921,690;
1956, $47,939,988; and 1957, $50,000.
Cash balance with Treasury on June 30, 1954, was $72,085.

Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)________________

$5, 768, 517

$5, 739, 678

5, 768, 517

5, 739, 678

5, 768, 517
5, 768, 517

5, 739, 678
5, 739, 678

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Funds applied to operations____________

EFFECT ON BUDOET EXPENDITURES
S c h e d u le
16

A - l . A ccrued expenditures by objects

Investments and loans (net)— 1955, $3,168,046; 1956, $4,500,000; 1957, $6,000,000.

S c h e d u l e C - l . Position with respect to guaranty authority
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Funds applied to operations___
Funds provided by operations..
N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
fu n d..................... ............................... .

1957 estimate

Guaranty authority..........................................

$200, 000,000

$200, 000,000

$200, 000,000

Charges against guaranty authority:
Loans outstanding at end of year.............
Proceeds from sales of foreign currencies.

5,990,000
10,428,479

6,069,144
13,828,479

7,307,144
17,628, 479

Total.............................................. .............
Guaranties in force......... ..............................
Advances repaid..................................................

16,418,479
77, 601, 298
12,389

19, 897, 623
132,500, 000
12,389

24, 935, 623
175, 051, 988
12,389

94,032,166

152, 410,012

200, 000,000

105, 967,834

47, 589,988

Advances and Reimbursements, Other Mutual Security Programs

Total charges against authority.
Unused guaranty a u th o r ity .............

360 0 0 0 — 56--------7




OPERATIONS AND FINANCING
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Operations by activities:
1. Defense support . . . _______________
2. Technical cooperation________________
3. Administrative expenses_____________

$7,536
70, 714
104,498

$68,458
100,000

Total obligations.................................

182,748

168,458

1957 estimate

100

T H E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957

R E V O L T IN G AN D M A N A G E M E N T FU N D S— C on tinu ed

INTRAGOVERNMENTAL FUNDS— Continued
MUTUAL SECURITY— Continued
Advances and Reimbursements, Other Mutual Security Programs— Con.

IN T E R N A T IO N A L

C OOPERATION A D M IN IS TR A T IO N

Advances and Reimbursements, International Cooperation Adm inis­
tration
O PE RATIO N S AND F IN A N C IN G

p ro g ra m a n d f i n a n c i n g — continued
1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

Operations by activities:
Special programs____________

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from—
Other accounts________________________
Non-Federal sources (40 U . S. C.
481 (c))__________ _________ ___________

$101,552
81,196

71,000

182,748

_ __ __ ._

1957 estimate

$300,000

Financing:
Advances and reimbursements from
other accounts_________________________

$97,458

Total financing____________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

300,000

168,458
O B L IG A T IO N S

O B L IG A T IO N S BY O BJECTS

Object classification
05
07
09

Rents and utility services..
Other contractual services.
Equipment________________
Total obligations.

1955 actual

07
1956 estimate

$6,180
103,618
72, 950

168, 458

1955 actual

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$182, 748

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_______________________________

182, 748

168,458

182,748
182, 748

Funds applied to operations_______
Obligated balance carried forward.

168,458

168,458
168, 458

Total expenditures and balances___

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

$300,000
$300,000
300,000

300,000

300,000
300,000
300,000

300,000

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES

EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Funds applied to operations. ____________
Funds provided b y operations____________

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

BUDfJET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Funds applied to operations______________

1956 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Advances and reimbursements (funds
provided by operations)________________
Obligated balance brought forward_______

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

Advances and reimbursements (funds pro­
vided by operations)......................................

BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S, E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

$1,000
98,458
69,000

182,748

1957 estimate

BY O B JE C T S

Other contractual services— 1955, $300,000.

Funds applied to operations___
Funds provided by operations..
N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of
the fund------ ----------------------------------

N et effect on budget expenditures
out of receipts and balances of the
fund______ _______ _________________

300,000
300,000

-300 ,0 0 0

300,000

PROPOSED F O R L A T E R T R A N S M IS S IO N
Disaster relief, Executive Office of the President (under ex­
isting legislation, 1956).— This supplem ental request for
$25 m illion is to restore the level of the appropriation to
an am ount high enough to take im m ediate action should
m ajor natural disasters occur. Present estimates indicate
that all presently available funds will be used during
fiscal 1956. T h e supplem ental appropriation is requested
so that im m ediate assistance can be given to disasterstricken areas w hen necessary.
BUDGET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AND BALAN CES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Expansion of defense production (under proposed legis­
lation, 1957).— T h e b ud get assumes extension o f title I I I
o f the D efense P rodu ction A ct b eyon d the present expira­
tion date o f June 30, 1956. Section 304 (b) o f the act in­
cludes authorization to expend from public d ebt receipts
in the am ount o f $2.1 billion o f w hich $559,517,000 is
expected to be available for new con tracting during 1957.
Present forecasts indicate a need for continued expansion
o f the produ ction o f and research on various critical m a­
terials. These program s are expected to result in new
contracts having a probable ultim ate net cost to the G o v ­
ernm ent of about $3.5 m illion.

1957 estimate

ANALYSIS OF TRANSFERS TO REVOLVING FUND
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
1955 actual
Proposed supplemental appropriation.
Unobligated balance brought forward..
Total budget authorizations avail­
able....... ................................................ .

Total expenditures and balances..




1957 estimate

$25,000,000
25,000,000

25,000,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Balance carried forward:
Unobligated__________ _________ _____
Obligated................................................. .

1956 estimate

$25,000,000

25,000,000

25,000,000

13.000.000
12. 000.000

25,000,000

Unobligated balance of authorization to
expend from public debt receipts trans­
ferred from “ Expansion of defense pro­
duction”
__________________________
Obligated balance of authorization to
expend from public debt receipts carried
forward____ ______________________________

-556,017,000

Total expenditures (transfers to re­
volving fund out of prior author­
izations)_______________ _______ ____

3,500,000

$559,517,000

101

FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO TH E PRESIDENT

Military assistance, funds appropriated to the President
(under existing and proposed legislation, 1957).— A p p ro­
priations in the am ount of $2,555 m illion are required in
1957 to finance m ilitary assistance program s under legis­
lation to be proposed to the Congress. In addition, it is
planned that an estim ated $85 m illion unobligated
balances in 1956 N a v y shipbuilding and infrastructure
program s will be requested to be continued available in
1957.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES----Continued
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Total expenditures (out of current author­
izations) _____ ______ . . .
. _________
Obligated balance carried forward......... ..

$100, 000,000
345,000,000

Total expenditures and balances

445,000,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
$2, 555,000, 000

Proposed supplemental appropriation. _
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Military assistance” ____________ _______

85,000,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able_____ ___
_____ ________

2, 640, 000, 000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
Total expenditures (out of current author­
izations)__________ ________ ______ ____ __
Obligated and reserved balances carried
forward .
_________ __________

2, 340,000, 000

Total expenditures and balances___

Other mutual security programs, funds appropriated to
the President (under existing and proposed legislation,
1957).— A ppropriations in the am ount o f $1,860 m illion
are required to finance econom ic, technical, and other
assistance program s already authorized or to be author­
ized for 1957 under legislation to be proposed to the
Congress. In addition, it is planned that an estim ated
$45.3 m illion unobligated balance in the U nited N ations
R elief and W ork s A gen cy appropriation will be requested
to be continued available in 1957.

2, 640, 000, 000

300, 000,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Direct forces support, funds appropriated to the President
(under proposed legislation, 1957).— A ppropriations in
the am ount o f $445 m illion will be requested o f the
Congress to finance program s under legislation to be
proposed to the Congress.
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Proposed supplemental appropriation
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Other mutual security programs” ____
Total available

____________ _______

$1,860,000,000
45,300,000
1,905,300,000

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE
Proposed supplemental appropriation___




$445,000,000

Total expenditures (out of current author­
izations)________ ________________________
Obligated balance carried forward________

590,000,000
1,315,300,000

Total expenditures and balances___

1,905,300,000

IN D E P E N D E N T

O F F IC E S

S U M M A R Y OF BU D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S AVAILABLE

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

N E W OBLIGATIONAL AUTHORITY
Enacted or recommended in this document:
Current authorizations:
A ppropriations____________ __________________________________________ _
$5, 954, 443, 519
____________________________ _____ __ __________________
Reappropriations
77, 874, 072
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts____________________________
624, 424, 567
T otal new obligational authority under current authorizations____

$6, 001, 087, 730
346, 556, 157
88, 000, 000

$7, 293, 924, 600
20, 010, 450

6, 435, 643, 887

7, 313, 935, 050

6, 656, 742, 158

Permanent authorizations:
3, 542, 299
Appropriations____________________________________________________ _______
3, 029, 043
Authorizations to expend from 19, 892, 000
debt receipts
________ __________________
24, 833, 000

3, 707, 073
114, 948, 000

T otal new obligational authority under permanent authorizations____

27, 862, 043

23, 434, 299

118, 655, 073

T otal new obligational authority enacted or recom m ended___________

6, 684, 604, 201

6, 459,078, 186

7, 432, 590, 123

Proposed for later transmission:
Appropriations:
Pay increase costs________________________________________________________
Other______________________ ____________ ________________________________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts_________________________________

54, 644, 800
194, 725, 000

T otal new obligational authority proposed for later transmission__________

238, 200, 000
68, 500, 000

249, 369, 800

306, 700, 000

6, 708, 447, 986

7, 739, 290, 123

221, 244

2, 328, 774, 527

098, 031
708, 036

8, 390, 844, 300
791, 173, 899

1, 784,
28,
8, 415,
733,

619, 547
000, 000

+ 2, 227, 000

T otal balances and other amounts available_______________________________

12, 053, 407, 764

11, 513, 019, 726

10, 963, 086, 643

Total budget authorizations available______________________________________

18, 738, 011, 965

18, 221, 467, 712

18, 702, 376, 766

Grand total new obligational authority_________________ _________________

6, 684, 604, 201

BALANCES AND OTHER AMOUNTS AVAILABLE
Balances brought forward at start of year from —
Appropriations enacted___________ ____________________________________________
6, 200,
Appropriations proposed for later transmission____________________ __________
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts_________________________________
7, 862,
R evolving and management fu nds__________ _____ ______________________ ____
1, 003,
Other amounts available:
Net transfers of balances to ( —) or from ( + ) accounts in other chapters of
the budget __
__ __
__ _ _ _______ __ ____ _______ _____
-1 9 0 ,
Appropriations available in prior years ( —) _ _____
_______________________ - 2 , 822,

962,
743,
711,
669,

411
709
300
223

SUMMARY OF BALANCES AVAILABLE AT START OF YEAR
1955
Obligated

Unobligated

1956
Obligated

Balances of prior authorizations for expenditure:
Appropriations enacted or recommended___________ $2,586,519,033 $3,613,702,211 $1,330,765,178
Appropriations proposed for later transmission
502,147,669
7,359,950,362
840,786,726
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts_____ __
Balances in revolving and management funds (includ­
696,530, 529
175,592, 706
307,177,507
ing U . S. Government securities held)________________
Total balances available at start of year__________

102




3,395,844,209

11,670,183,102

2,347,144, 610

1958

1957

Unobligated

Obligated

$998,009,349 $1,479,493,825
10,443,709
7,550,057,574
1,209,399,005

Unobligated

Obligated.

$305,468,586 $1,453,243,612
18,300,000
208,078,000
7,206,312,295
1,742,441,563

Unobligated

$151,552,589
59,006,000
6,206,550,437

615,581,193

94,225,244

639,443,979

85,116,051

679,080,041

9,163,648,116

2,793,561,783

8,169,524,860

3,488,879,226

7,096,189,067

IN D E P E N D E N T

O F F IC E S

S U M M A R Y OF EXP E N D ITU R E S AN D BALANCES

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES
From new authorizations enacted or recommended in this document:
Out o f new obligational authority:
Current authorizations_______________________________________
Permanent authorizations____________________________________

$5, 904, 349, 313
2, 814, 100
5, 906, 963, 413

From authorizations proposed for later transmission:
Out o f current authorizations:
Pay increase costs_______________________________________________________
O ther____________________________________________________________________
Out o f balances o f prior expenditure authorizations:
Pay increase costs_______________________________________________________
Other____________________________________________________________________

6, 371, 342, 653

52, 245, 891
168, 380, 200

Total expenditures from new authorizations enacted or recom m en ded-.

$6, 282, 957, 653
88, 385, 000

104, 700, 000

>$9, 370, 459, 955

2, 398, 909
13, 141, 800
220, 626, 091

120, 240, 709

1, 161, 570, 447
2, 567, 429, 829

1, 294, 759, 973
2, 615, 013, 256

3, 729, 000, 276

3, 909, 773, 229

9, 370, 459, 955
2, 604, 008, 913

9, 856, 589, 780
2, 738, 993, 858

10, 401, 356, 591
2, 928, 964, 041

6, 766, 451, 042

7, 117, 595, 922

7, 472, 392, 550

460, 768, 197

140, 785, 147

644, 915, 923

Total expenditures from authorizations proposed for later transmission.
Other expenditures:
Out o f balances o f prior expenditure authorizations_______________________
Out of receipts and balances of revolving and management funds_________
T otal other expenditures.
T otal budget expenditures_________
D educt receipts of public enterprise funds.
Net budget expenditures___________________________
BALANCES NOT EXPENDED
Balances no longer available______________________________
Balances carried forward at end o f year in—
Appropriations enacted or recom m ended_______
Appropriations proposed for later transmission.
Authorizations to expend from debt receipts___
Revolving and management funds_________ ~___

2, 328, 774, 527
8, 390, 844, 300
791, 173, 899

1, 784,
28,
8, 415,
733,

962,
743,
711,
669,

411
709
300
223

1, 604,
267,
7, 948,
764,

796,
084,
992,
196,

201
000
000
092

Total balances carried forward at end of y ea r.

11, 510, 792, 726

10, 963, 086, 643

10, 585, 068, 293

Net expenditures and balances________________

18, 738, 011, 965

18, 221, 467, 712

18, 702, 376, 766

SUMMARY OF BALANCES NO LONGER AVAILABLE
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Balances rescinded during the year b y Congress— ................................................................ - ........................................................... ...............................
$400,000
$6,500,000
79,574,845
Capital transfers from revolving fund to receipt accounts-- _________________________________________________________________________
$94,065,466
126,203,808
Balances expiring and lapsing and adjustment of balances downward (net)________________________
380, 793,352
46,719,681
512,212,115
Total balances no longer available_______________ - ___________________________________ _____ ________________________________________




460,768,197

140,785,147

644,915,923

103

104

TH E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
B U D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S AN D E XP E N D ITU R E S
BV ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE
EXPENDITURES

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS

(from prior year afld new authorizations)

(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
N o.

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1956
estimate

1955
actual

1957
estimate

RECAPITULATION BY ORGANIZATION UNIT
$120,000
4,275,710
, 284, 506,082

$275,000
3,920,000
1,179,264,772

48,671,117

Advisory Committee on Weather Control..................................
American Battle Monuments Commission...............................
Atomic Energy Commission......... .................................................
Central Intelligence Agency...................... ...................................
Civil Service Commission. .................... .........................................
Commission on Foreign Economic Policy____________ _____ *

5, 500,000
251,912,885

$6,000

1, 102,000

$10,450
2,140,000
1,836,900* 000
49* 000,000

$92,190
4, 649,774
1,857, 314, 584

315,216,000

47,224,790
44

50,000

Commission on Government Security________________ - .........
Commission on Intergovernmental Relations..........................
Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of

519,626

574,000
916,625

the Government___________ _______ _____ - ......................... . . .
District of Columbia Auditorium Commission........................
Displaced Persons Commission_______________ ____________
Economic Stabilization Agency. .................................. .................
Export-import Bank of Washington................. ....................—
Farm Credit Administration______________ _____ __________ _
Federal Civil Defense Administration................................... .
Federal Coal Mine Safety Board of Review. ............ ............. .
Federal Communications Commission. _ -------- ------------------Federal Home Loan Bank Board.................................................
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.------- -------------Federal Power Commission............... ......................................... .
Federal Trade Commission................ .........................................
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission............ .......................
General Accounting Office........ . . . ............. ...............................
Historical and memorial commissions-------- -----------------------Indian Claims Commission________________________________
Interstate Commerce Commission--------------------------------------Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin_______
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics-------------National Capital Housing Authority-----------------------------------National Capital Planning Commission____________________
National Labor Relations Board___________________________
National Mediation B oard..-----------------------------------------------National Monument Commission---------------------------------------National Science Foundation______________ _______ _________
National Security Training Commission___________________
Permanent Committee for the Oliver Wendell Holmes

V

1*000*000
253, i55,446
45,000
108,970

$30,100
5,000,000
1,945,551,794
14,600,000
315,198,572
5,000

266,256
25,000

25,000

22, 122,000

49,325,000
75,000
6,911,769

68,675,000
70,000
6,870; 000

427>000

3,143,300
4,349,359
4,129,000
190,343
31.981.000
150, 696
117.000
11, 842,157
5,000
56.860.000
43,000
888.000
8,472,819
1,220, 500

3,134,000
4 ,686, 682
4,262, 500
12, 600, 000
31,981,000
404, 000
119, 500
12, 121, 000
5,000
72, 700,000
37.000
643,000
8,425, 000
1,187. 000
25.000
54.000, 000
40, 000

200,000
253.000
286.000

453,000

2, 200, 000
1,800
2, 700
775,000

1,400
9,000
526, 500
39,000

3.400.000
5,289,427
5, 500,000
700,000
34, 581,000
125,000
124,600
14,000,000
5,000
79, 700,000
39,(300
1.910.000
10, 215,000
1.245.000

297
10,162
« 100,926,425
55,664, 518
41, 563,684
56,875
6,717,698
« 24,624,197
3,088,212
4,200,864
4,048,385
185,040
30, 773, 525
77,632
115,449
11, 525,751
5,000
73,796,890
45,209
300,447
8, 588.352
1,103,036

41,300, 000
75,000

500,000,000
27,107,884

14,250,000
55,000

$256,745
4,900,000
1,714,933,100

10,517,793
51,139

9,088,000
1,226,000
22,000
22, 576, 000
42, 536

25,910
4,381,080
2, 542,186
4,773,815
26, 549, 703
22,236,242
4,265,827
258,841
1, 313, 625
1,065,805
171,730,416
83, 562, 006
4,405,100, 353

4,151,903
11,601, 662
5,281,162
28, 500,000
48,227,892
7,062,245
298,894
1,484, 367
1,275,811
38,873,793
85,875,620
4,732,061,200

1,711,000
3,774,000
35, 839,000
5,770, 500
28,575,000
16.008,100
7,900, 000
350,000
1,551 083
1.359.468
« 2 6 ,879.000
103,800. 000
4,820,446,737

6,766,451,042

7,117, 595,922

7,472,392,550

32,178,000
123*200*000
70,000
7,850,000

421, 517
4, 500,000

4,150, 000

4,843,180
29,003,063
27,369,914
4,371,410
280,000
1,352,483
1,076,8£8
120, 000, 000
74,099,000
, 357, 527,932

4.955.000
28,442, 000
27,000, 000
7.643.000
298,600
1.400.000
1,194, 000
30, 553,000
85,336, 630
4, 717,354,100

2,070,000
45,454,600

5.749.000
29.050.000
32, 290, 000
39.607.000
350,000
1, 555, 000
1.365.000
73.857.000
135, 000,000
4,850,220,000

6,684,604,201

6,653,803,186

54, 644,800

7,739,290,123

$120,000

$275,000

« 99,931,983
27,280,815
90,000,000
69,900
7*700*000
» 33,476* 682
3* 347,000
5,246,682
5,340,000
686, 500

34,338, 786
365,390
122, 586
13,113,000
5,000
71,000,000
39,301
1, 523, 242

34,681,000
224,270
124,494
13,750,000
5,000
V5,000,000
39,000
1,797,700
10,040,000
1,244,000
3,000
48,553, 000
71,500

12,646
1, 711,000
3, 750,000

° 84,925,982
46* 172,275
60* i 66* 270
69,000
7,235*015
« 29,352,587
3,317,000
4,890,838
4,599,307
12, 577,879

Devise--------------------------------- ---------------------------------- --------Railroad Retirement Board_____________ __________________
Renegotiation Board__________________________ _____ _______
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation________
Securities and Exchange Commission-------------------------------Selective Service System----------------------------------------------------Small Business Administration___________________________
Smithsonian Institution____________________________________
Subversive Activities Control B o a rd ______________________
Tariff Commission-------------------------------------------------------------The Tax Court of the United States________________________
Tennessee Valley Authority_______________________ _____
United States Information Agency. -----------------------------------Veterans Administration_____________________________ _____

325, 500
128,000
245,000
91. 300
48,000

Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures_______________________________________

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT

Current authorizations
(Other than revolving and management funds)
Advisory Committee on Weather Control:
Salaries and expenses______ __________________ ___________
Reappropriation________ ______ _____ _____ _______ ______

607
607

« Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.




$10,450

12,190

$256,745

$30,100

105

INDEPENDENT OFFICES
BU DG ET A U TH O R IZA TIO N S AND EXPEN DITU RES— Continued
BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
Func­
tional
code
N o.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES

(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1956
estimate

1955
actual

1957
estimate

INACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT— Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
American Battle Monuments Commission:
Salaries and expenses________ ___________ ___
Construction of memorials and cemeteries.................
Dedication of World W ar II memorials____________ _

$775, 710
3,500,000

$920,000
3,000,000

$6,000

4,275,710

3, 920,000

6,000

1,098,962,300
74, 661, 382
110,882, 400

575,000,000
344, 931, 772
259, 227,000

1, 284, 506,082

1,179,158, 772
5, 500, 000

606

15,858, 722

16, 217, 500

608
608
606
606

400,000
492,347

106
106
106

Total, American Battle Monuments Commission._

$772,154

$1,140,000
1, 000,000

3,878,026
a 406
4, 649, 774

2,140,000

$900,000
4,000,000

$1, 100,000
3, 900,000

4,900,000

5,000,000

1,365,000,000

1, 632,000,000

350,000,000

273,000,000

Atomic Energy Commission:
Operating expenses. ...................
Reappropriation. .................. ......... .................
Plant and equipm ent............................................ ..

... _

056
056
056

Total, Atomic Energy Commission________________

Central Intelligence Agency: Construction______________

605

1, 672,000,000 1
f 1,038,679,648
20, 000,000
818, 660,888
1, 692,000,000

1, 857,340, 536

1,715,000,000
1, 000, 000

1, 905,000,000
4,000, 000

1,073,000

17, 618,000

15,478,515

17,103, 350

17, 541,100

29,000

574,000

Civil Service Commission:
Salaries and expenses_______ ____ __________ ______ _____
Investigations of United States citizens for employment
by international organizations......... ............... ...............
Reappropriation.......................... ................................. ..........
Annuities under special a cts............ . _ ................... .............
Payment to civil service retirement and disability fund.
Miscellaneous: Payment to civil service retirement and
disability fund (increases in annuities)................

2,297,048

J

2,024,000
295,000,000

Total, Civil Service Commission....................................

48, 671,117

435,843

560,100

2,180,420
233,000,000

2,027,911
295, 000, 000

252, 719,613

315,129, 111

5,000

29, 623,000

29, 623,000

606

534,698
2,349, 274

45,000

398, 385
2,170,000
233,000,000

251, 785,885

1, 102,000

47, 985,487

315, 216,000

Commission on Foreign Economic Policy:
Salaries and expenses................... ......... ............................. ........

44

151

Commission on Government Security:
Salaries and expenses _________ ______ _________ ____ _ _

50,000

608

Commission on Intergovernmental Relations:
Salaries and expenses__________ _________________________

603

574, 000

519, 626

108,970

603

916, 625

1, 958, 889

266, 256

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of
the Government:
Salaries and expenses............... ................................... ...............

Displaced Persons Commission:
Salaries, expenses, and loans

_ ____
_

_ ______ ____
_

152

297

519

10,162

Economic Stabilization Agency:
Salaries and expenses________________ _________________

Federal Civil Defense Administration:
Operations— ______________ _____ _______________________
Federal contributions.......................................... ............. .........
Reappropriation.
Emergency supplies and equipment
_____ ______
Surveys, plans, and research_________ ______________
Salaries and expenses, civil defense functions of Federal
agencies_________________________________________________

520
520
520
520
520

10, 025, 000
12, 000,000
1,300, 000
26, 000, 000

12,125, 000
12, 400,000

362, 000

21, 700, 000
17, 000, 000

9,014,708

18,900, 000

14, 243, 000

13,400, 000

28, 682, 758
4,000, 000

42,900, 000
10, 000, 000

1,414,143

64, 000, 000
14, 500, 000

32, 650, 000
10, 000,000

11,826,369

10,470,971
21, 661, 002

|

4,800, 000

1, 500, 000

65, 000

6, 000, 000

49,325,000

68, 675, 000

427, 000

123, 200, 000

41,146, 681

60,166,270

90, 000, 000

211

75,000

70, 000

70,000

56,875

69, 000

69,900

519
519

6, 761, 769

6,870, 000

453,000

7, 850, 000

6, 671, 599

7, 235, 000

7, 700, 000

211
211

3,142,093
1,207

3,124,000
10,000

200,000

3,390,000
10,000

3,087,005
1,207

3,307,000
10,000

3,337,000
10,000

3,143,300

3,134,000

200,000

3, 400,000

3,088, 212

3, 317,000

3, 347,000

4,318,100

4, 650,000

253,000

5, 250,000

4,168,089

4,859, 580

5, 210, 000

520

Total, Federal Civil Defense Administration______

Federal Coal Mine Safety Board of Review:
Salaries and expenses

__________ __________ ________

Federal Communications Commission:
Salaries and expenses____________________ _____ ________
Reappropriation
_____ _ ..................................

150,000

|

Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service:
Salaries and expenses__________ ________ ___________ _____
Boards of inqu iry.. ______
_
___________________ _
Total, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.

Federal Power Commission:
Salaries and expenses...................................................................

401

•Deduct, excess of repaym
ents and collections over expenditures.




106

TH E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES— Continued
BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITIE—Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS

Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
N o.

EXPENDITURES

(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT— Continued
Current authorizations— Continued

Federal Trade Commission:
Salaiies and expenses_____

519

$4,129,000

$4, 262, 500

$286,000

$5,500,000

$4,048,385

$4,599,307

$5,340,000

Foreign Claims Settlement Commission:
Salaries and expenses__________________
Payment of Korean claims_____________
International claims____________________
Reappropriation_____________________

610
610
610
610

Total, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission _

700,000
130,000
60,343

660,000
12, 200,000

12, 200,000
400,000

185,040

377,879

26,500

700,000

185,040

12, 577,879

16,500

190, 343

12,600,000

31,981,000

31, 981,000

2, 200,000

34,581,000

30, 755,901
17,624

34,338,'

34,681,000

31, 981,000

31,981,000

2, 200,000

34,581,000

30,773,525

34,338,7

34,681,000

610
405
610

25, 000

120, 000
40,000

610
610
609
610
610
610

100,696
10,000

General Accounting Office:
Salaries and expenses_________________________________
Miscellaneous: Miscellaneous expenses.......... ................

604
604

Total, General Accounting Office.

Historical and memorial commissions:
Alexander Hamilton Bicentennial Commission_______
Boston National Historic Sites Commission___________
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Commission___
Jamestown-Williainsburg-Yorktown Celebration Com
m issio n .._____________________ ________________________
John Marshall Bicentennial Celebration Commission..
National Capital Sesquicentennial Commission_______
Soo Locks Centennial Celebration Commission____ . . .
Theodore Roosevelt Centennial C om m ission ..._______
Woodrow Wilson Centennial Celebration Commission
Total, historical and memorial commissions..

9,204

95,599
13,000

40.000
24.000
8,000

61,255
739
6,434

115, 730
91, 761

125,070

10,000
100,000
82, 500

1,800

115,000

15, 000

15.000
4,300
30.000

10, 000
51, 500

5,700
21,500

150,696

404,000

1, 800

125,000

77, 632

365,390

224,270

602

117,000

119, 500

2, 700

124, 600

115,449

122,586

124,494

519
519
519
519

10,155,467
976,078
710, 612

10,437,000
974, 500
709, 500

678, 000
55, 500
41, 500

9,890,216
940, 745
688,404

11,300, 000
1, 050,000
763,000

13,110.000
550,000
50.000
40.000

11, 842,157

12, 121, 000

775, 000

14,000,000

11, 519,365

13,113,000

13,750,000

213

5, 000

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,000

513
513
513

51, 240,000
1, 000,000
4, 620,000

60,135,000

64, 700,000

51,889,997

59,000,000

64,000,000

12, 565,000

15,000,000

4, 472,455

7,491,124

9,500,000

513

1,634,257

508,876

513

15,800,181

4,000,000

1,500,000

79,700,000

73,796,890

71,000,000

75,000,000

Indian Claims Commission:
-Salaries and expenses_____________________________

Interstate Commerce Commission:
Salaries and expenses____________
General expenses_________________
Railroad safety___________________
Locomotive inspection.__________
Total, Interstate Commerce Commission_________

14, 000,000

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin:
Contribution to Interstate Commission on the Poto­
mac River Basin______________________________________

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics:
Salaries and expenses____________________________________
Reappropriation_______________________________________
Construction and equipment___________________________
Construction and equipment (liquidation of contract
authorization)_________________________________________
Miscellaneous: Construction and equipment, unitary
p la n ._______ ____________________________________ _____ _
Total, National Advisory Committee for Aero­
nautics_____________________________________________

56, 860,000

72, 700,000

43,000

37,000

1,400

39,000

45,209

39,301

39,000

143.000

143,000

9,000

210,000

123,795

155,544

210,000

200,000

597

175,403

204,000

1,500,000

176,020
35

1,192,295

1,383,700

1,910,000

300,447

1,523,242 j

1,797,700

National Capital Housing Authority:
Maintenance and operation of properties_______________

516

National Capital Planning Commission:
Salaries and expenses......... ......... ..............................................
Salaries and expenses, Washington Regional Mass
Transportation Survey___________________ _____ ______
Land acquisition, National Capital park, parkway,
and playground system_______________________________
Miscellaneous: District of Columbia redevelopment...

Total, National Capital Planning Commission,.rry




200.000
609

545,000

500,000

8,000

643,000

9,000

107

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES— Continued
BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued

EXPENDITURES
(from prior year and new authorizations)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(appropriations unless otherwise specified)
Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
No.

1956
1955
enacted

Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual.

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
DOCUMENT—Continued
Current authorizations— Continued
National labor Relations Board:

Salaries and expenses____ ______ ___________________

211

$8,472,819

$8,000,000

$526,500

$10,215,000

$8,588,352

$8,693,000

$10,010,000

211
211

428,500
300.000

435.000
250.000

21,000

470.000
250.000

418,904
238, 596

456.000
250.000

470.000
250.000

211

492.000

502.000

18,000

525.000

445,536

520.000

524.000

1,220,500

1,187,000

39,000

1,245,000

1,103,036

1,226,000

1,244,000

12, 250,000
2,000,000

16,000,000
10,000,000

41,300,000

10, 247,113
270,680

14,408, 000
4, 789,000

30,000,000
4,903,000

14, 250,000

26,000,000

41.300.000

10; 517,793

19,197,000

34,903,000

55,000

40,000

75, 000

51,139

42,536

71,500

National Mediation Board:

Salaries and expenses_____ ____ ___________
Arbitration and emergency boards__________________
Salaries and expenses, National Railroad Adjustment
Board __________________________________ __
Total, National Mediation Board_______________
National Science Foundation:

__ . . .
Salaries and expenses___________ _______
International Geophysical Year____ ________________

215
215

Total, National Science Foundation_____________
National Security Training Commission:

Salaries and expenses ..

-.

211

Payments for military service credits____ ___________
Salaries and expenses (trust fund limitation).________

217

Railroad Retirement Board:

W

(0

(i)

1,711,000

1.711.000
0)

Renegotiation Board:

Salaries and expenses.______ __________ .. _ ________

4, 500,000

4,150,000

519

4,843,180

4, 955,000

211
211

29,003, 063

27,216,000
1, 226,000

518
518

2, 269,914
100, 000

2,000,000

3.750.000

4,381,080

4,151,903

3,774,000

5.749.000

4,773,815

5,281,162

5,770,500

26,549, 703

28,500,000

28,575,000

2,138,320

2, 225, 643

2, 256,000

1,523

604

15

Securities and Exchange Commission:

Salaries and expenses ________

_

325,500

Selective Service System:

Salaries and expenses________________________ ....
Reappropriation___________ ____________________

29.050.000 1
j-

Small Business Administration:

Salaries and expenses______________________________
Reappropriation______ ____ ____________________
Miscellaneous: Salaries and expenses, small defense
plants activities________ _____ ___ _____ __________

128,000

2, 290,000 1

Y

518

Total, Small Business Administration....... ...........

2,369, 914

2,000,000

128,000

2, 290,000

2,139,843

2, 225, 658

2, 256,000

3,048,146
1,323,264

4,000,000
1,355,000
2,288, 000

166,000
79,000

4.400.000
1.495.000
33,712,000

2,971,951
1,289,483

3,916,279
1,465,000
1,672,500

4,276,400
1,491,000
2,132,600

4,371,410

7,643,000

245,000

39,607, 000

4,261,434

7, 053,779

7,900,000

170.000

298,600

258,841

298,894

350,000

Smithsonian Institution:

Salaries and expenses............ ................... .......................
Salaries and expenses, National Gallery of Art..............
Museum of History and Technology..............................

215
215
215

Total, Smithsonian Institution...............................
Subversive Activities Control Board:

Salaries and expenses.............. ................ ........................
Reappropriation_________________________________

350,000 1
|

608
608

110.000

151

1,352,483

1.400.000

91,300

1,555,000

1,313,625

1,484,367

1,551,083

604

1,076,858

1.170.000

48,000

1,365, 000

1, 065,805

1, 251,811

1,359, 468

153
153

74,099,000

85,336,630

2,070,000

135, 000,000

80,937,163
2, 624, 843

83, 551,029
2,324, 591

102.000,000

Tariff Commission:

Salaries and expenses_________________________ ___
The Tax Court of the United States:

Salaries and expenses_______________________ _______
United States Information Agency:

Salaries and expenses_______________________________
Acquisition and construction of radio facilities.......... .
Total, United States Information Agency......... .

1,800,000

74, 099,000

85,336,630

2,070,000

135,000,000

83, 562,006

85, 875, 620

103.800,000

106

169,141,842

157,881,000

9,912,000

164.436.000

165,917,204

170.912.000

163,405,000

105
105
105
106

14,799,300
603,600,574
83,130,222
1,578,393

15.294.000
619,000,000
82.089.000
1,578,000

805,600
31,290,600
3,382,200
64,200

16.453.000
662.900.000
82.638.000
1,671,000

14,783,020
590,230,447~
86,033,472
1,559,319

16,111,000
655.121.000
85,640,000
1,645,000

16.250.000
660,000,000
82.100.000
1,650,000

Veterans Administration:

General operating expenses______ ___________________
Medical administration and miscellaneous operating
expenses_________________________________________
Inpatient care___________________________ __________
Outpatient care____________________________________
Maintenance and operation of supply depots..............

i Limitations on use of trust funds for salaries and expenses: 1955, $6,389,000; 1956, $6,100,000; 1956 proposed increase In limitation due to pay increases, $393,000; 1957, $7,308,000.




108

T H E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL YEAR, 1957
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AND EXPENDITURES— Continued
BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS

O rganization u n it and a ccou n t title

F u n c­
tion al
code
N o.

EXPENDITURES

(appropriations unless otherw ise specified)

(from prior year and n ew authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
E stim ate

A n ticip a te d
p a y increase
supplem ental

1957
estim ate

1955
actual

1956
estim ate

1957
estim ate

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS
D 0 CUMENT—Continued
Current authorizations— Continued

Veterans Administration—Continued
Compensation and pensions......... ...........................................
Readjustment benefits:
(Education and t r a i n i n g ) _______________ _______ ___
(Other readjustment benefits)______________ ________ ..
Military and naval insurance....................... ......................... .
National service life insurance appropriation....................
Servicemen’s in d e m n i t i e s .....................................................
Grants to the Republic of the Philippines................ .........
Hospital and domiciliary facilities________________ _____ _
Major alterations, improvements, and repairs_________
Miscellaneous:
Automobiles and other conveyances for disabled
veterans....................................................................................
Administration, medical, hospital, and domiciliary
facilities_______________ —................................................... .

103

$2,678,127,742

52,797,872,258

!, 907,000,000

$2,680,833,597

$2,798,411,007

$2,907,000,000

101
102
104
104

522,565,551
43,434,449
5,304,258
28.500.000
2,148,134
47,000,000
3, 480,000

41,627,742
2.500.000
30,000,000
3.900.000

664,493,985
43,301,000
5,351,298
30,001,040
27,150,382
6, 551, 407
26,161, 200
3,010, 223

726,010,000
49,990,000
5.000.000
24,363,864

104
105
105
105

724, 290,000
50.710.000
5.000.000
23.200.000
26, 750,000
2. 000.000
47,000,000
4,447,000

582,089,000
45,911,000
5,063, 555

29.570.000

581,661,000
45.436.000
4.868.000
82.300.000

106

2,881,703,

2, 234,545

1,129,606

105

515, 053

T o ta l, V eterans A dm inistration...

4, 232,380,465

4,466,007,000

T o ta l current authorizations, other than re vo lv­
ing and m anagem ent fu n d s ____________________

5,887,317,591

6,295,590,887

$45,454,600

54, 644,!

81,467,790
32,936,051
4,300,528
31,203,127
5,071,135

40,239,757
2. 000.000
50,000,000
5,000,000

4,718,495,000

4,348,774,350

4,518,116,738

4,734,138,227

7, 277,578,050

, 585,896,225

i, 871,026,393

7,404,552,853

106,000

700,000

2,196,746

2,230,000

2,230,000

32,775

31,258

36,682

Permanent authorizations
(In defin ite app ropriation , special acco u n t, unless
otherw ise in dica ted )

Atomic Energy Commission:
D isposal of c o m m u n ity p ro p e rty .......................................... .

Farm Credit Administration___________________ ______ ...

516
352

2,274,884
(2,320,000)

A d m in istra tive expense lim ita tio n .........................................

700,000
2,230,000
(2,230,000)

106,000
2,230,000
(2,320,000)

Federal Power Commission:
P a ym en ts to States u nd er F ederal P o w e r A c t .................

36,682

39,427

421,517

12,646

62,025
660,875

125,000
623,100

125.000
600.000

62,025
660,875

125,000
623,100

600,000

3,029,043

3, 542,299

3,707,073

2,952,421

3,115,358

3,691,682

794,257,567

159,945,000

151,305,000

2,784.144,356

2,817,350,280

2,875,213,125

° 2,533,047

° 3,282,451

57,131

151,305,000

2,781,611,309

2,814,067,829

2,875,270,256

7,432,590,123

9,370,459,955

9,688,209,580
52,245,891

10,283,514,791
2,398.909

7,432,590,123

9,370,459,955

9,635,963,689

10,281,115,882

31,259

401

Permanent Committee for the Oliver Wendell Holmes
Devise:
O liver W en dell H olm es devise f u n d ....................................

610

Veterans Administration:
M ilita ry and n ava l insurance............................. ................... .
National service life insurance appropriation...................

104
104

T o ta l p erm anent authorization s.....................................

125, 000

Revolving and management funds
Public enterprise funds (see “ N e w auth orization s” and
“ F u n d s a p p lied ” in detail section b e lo w )......................... .

Intragovernmental funds (see “ N e t effect on b u d g et ex­
p en d itu res” in detail section b e lo w )------------------------------T o t a l revolvin g a n d m anagem ent fu n ds..
T o t a l......................................................................... .
D e d u c t an ticipa ted p a y increase s u p p le m e n t a l..
T ota ljen a cted or recom m en d ed in this d o cu m e n t..

794,257,567

159,945,000

6,684,604,201

6,459,078,186

6,684,604,201

6,459,078,186

• Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.




54.644.800
54.644.800

109

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES
BU DG ET A U TH O R IZA TIO N S AND EXPEN DITU RES— Continued
BY ORGANIZATION UNIT AND ACCOUNT TITLE—Continued
NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
Func­
tional
code
No.

Organization unit and account title

EXPENDITURES

(appropriations unless otherwise specified)

(from prior year and new authorizations)

1956
1955
enacted
Estimate

Anticipated
pay increase
supplemental

1957
estimate

1955
actual

1956
estimate

1957
estimate

PROPOSED FOR LATER TRANSMISSION
Under existing legislation
Anticipated pay increase supplementals (see above)_____
Central Intelligence Agency:
Construction______________________________ _____ _________

$54,644,800
605

$52,245,891
$49,000,000

$2,398,909
10,600,000

Civil Service Commission:
Investigation of United States citizens for employment
by international organizations.____ ___________________

608
609

$127,000
25.000

115,200
25.000

11,800

211
405

425,000
25.000

395,000
22.000

30,000
3,000

215
401

28,000,000
3,500,000

1.700.000
3.500.000

13,097,000

_________

604

24.000

24,000

Compensation and pensions....................................................
Readjustment ben efits______________________ . ________

103
101

20, 000,000
142, 599,000

20, 000,000
142, 599,000

District of Columbia Auditorium Commission_____________
National Labor Relations Board:
Salaries and expenses_____ _______________________ ______

National Monument Commission________________________
National Science Foundation:
International Geophysical Year............ ........... ................... .

Tennessee Valley Authority....................... ......................... .......
The Tax Court of the United States:
Salaries and expenses____ _________ ___________

Veterans Administration:

Under proposed legislation
Atomic Energy Commission:
Plant acquisition and construction____________ _________

056

144,200,000

40.000.000

Tennessee Valley Authority (authorization to expend
from corporate debt receipts)_____ ______________________
Veterans Administration:

401

68,500,000

24,100,000

Compensation and pensions___ _____ ___________________

103

45,000,000

30.000.000

194,725,000

Total proposed for later transmission__ __________
Grand total—_____________________ ______ - ___ —
Deduct receipts of public enterprise funds (see “ Funds
provided'’ in detail section below). ______________ - ___
Total new obligational authority and net budget
expenditures________ . . . . _____________________ ___




54,644,800

306,700,000

6, 653,803,186

54,644,800

7,739,290,123

6,684,604,201

6,653,803,186

54,644,800

7, 739,290,123

120,240,709

$9,370,459,955

9,856,589,780

10,401,356,591

2, 604,008,913

$6, 684, 604, 201

220,626,091

2, 738,993,858

2,928,964,041

6,766, 451,042

7,117,595,922

7,472,392,550

110

T H E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

Organization unit and account title

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless otherwise specified)

Func­
tional
code
No.

1955

1956

1957

FUNDS PROVIDED
(by operations) j

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Public enterprise funds
Atomic Energy Commission:
Defense production guaranties..

518

Export-import Bank of Washington:
Export-import Bank of Washington fund.................................
Limitation on administrative expenses........................................
Liquidation of certain Reconstruction Finance Corporation

152
152
152

$53,640

383,984,192

4,010,966

6,872,104

361,229,033

390,856,296

17,591,180

2,188,000

2,138,000

1,961,040,700

2,077,119,100

2,258,237

2,948,100

2,105,500

30,054

79,875

2,548,885

1,894,553,694

1,966,256,675

2,083,911,485

27,120,410

3,172,000

3,089.000

3,439,980

4,415,620

5,079,052

25,354,778

30,165,018

34,531,169

28,794,758

500,000,000

357,218,067

329,816,322

($1,670,000)

322,231,086

1,874,674,223

Total, Export-import Bank of Washington..

($1,500,000)

$150,706

7,585,236

$500,000,000
(1,135,300)

$176,086

34,580,638

39,610,221

Farm Credit Administration:
Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation fund: Administrative expenses...
Federal intermediate credit banks:
Revolving fund: Authorizations to expend from corporate debt
receipts (permanent authorizations).
Limitation on administrative expenses.......................................................... .
Production credit corporations fund:
Farm Credit Administration revolving fund................................................
Limitation on administrative expenses............................................................
Agricultural marketing revolving fund................................................................

(650,000)

352
352

24,833,000

19,892,000

29,948,000

352

(1,740,000)

(1.825.000)

(1.932.000)

352
352
352

(1,540,000)

(1.595.000)

(1.644.000)

Total, Farm Credit Adm inistrationFederal Civil Defense Administration:
C ivil defense procurement f u n d ................
Federal Home loan Bank Board:
Revolving fund..................................................................
Limitation on administrative expenses....................
Limitation on nonadministrative expenses.............
Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation:
Revolving fund..................................................................
Limitation on administrative expenses....................
Home Owners' Loan Corporation fund.......................

24,833,000

517
517

29,948,000

(780,825)
(2,411,624)

517
517
517

Small Business Administration:
Revolving fund (current appropriation) ___..................................................
(Disaster loans and relief) (current appropriation).............................
Revolving fund, small defense plants activities.......... ..................... .........
Liquidation of Reconstruction Finance Corporation, disaster loans..

518
521
518
521

1 (978,400)
» (3,160,800)

(1.095.000)
(3.850.000)

(459,454)

517

215
511
511

Veterans Administration:
Canteen service revolving fund.....................................................................
Direct loans to veterans and reserves..........................................................
Rental, maintenance, and repair of quarters........ ....................... ...........
Service-disabled veterans' insurance fund (current appropriation).
Soldiers’ and sailors* civil relief......................................................................
Veterans' special term insurance fund........................................................
Vocational rehabilitation, revolving fund.................................................

19,892,000

520

Total, Federal Home Loan Bank Board___
National Science Foundation:
Synthetic rubber research and development.......
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation..
Limitation on administrative expenses...................

Total, Small Business Administration................................................. ......
Tennessee Valley Authority:
Tennessee Valley Authority fund........................................................ ............... .
Payment to Tennessee Valley Authority fund (current appropriation).

(550,000)

(985,000)

(596,000)

200,000
(250,000)

15.000.000
10. 000.000

» (290,000)

25,000,000

(325,000)

20, 000,000
10, 000,000

605,6

1,863,375

6,920,000

4,154,099
418,063
676,788
3,934,699

8.315.000
1.907.000
98,880
3,800,800

13,694,000
4,928,000

25,000,000
401
401

106
517
106
104

J

25,000,000

30,000,000

9,183,649

14,121,680

22,316,500

120, 000, 000

27,053,000

5,357,000

214,252,766

248,024,000

257,065,000

124,424,567

88, 000,000

85,000,000

28,563,919
60,771,548
79,019
768,258

28,721,957
63,045,704

62,518
8,829,606
553,181

78,400
1,269,741
40,204
15,657,653
556,712

29,305,788
70,305,000
79,400
1,750,000
20,000
23,054,645
530,000

109,370,371

125,044,833

1, 000,000

102
104
106

Total, Veterans Administration-

124,424,567

88. 000,000

86, 000,000

i, 558,049

Total public enterprise funds____

794,257,567

159,945,000

151,305,000

2,603,938,913

i Includes $58,400 proposed increase in limitation due to pay increases.
* Includes $165,800 proposed increase in limitation due to pay increases.
3 Includes $10,000 proposed increase in limitation due to pay increases.




3,694,500

2,738,

!, 964,041

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES

111

REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)
FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

1955

1956

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title
1957

1955

1957

1956

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT
Public enterprise funds
Atomic Energy Commission:
Defense production guaranties

$2,408

$2,500

$2,500

»$51,232

• $173, 586

228,080,574

275,084, 297

290,300,673

< 94,150, 512
*

* 82,133,770

« 93,683,519

809,323

1,218,754

623,640

° 6,775,913

« 2, 792,212

« 6,248,464

228,889,897

276,303,051

290,924,313

‘ 100,926,425

« 84,925,982

* 99,931,983

12,317,233

35,050

35,000

« 5,273,947

« 2,152,950

a 2,103,000

1,933,767,816

2,007,072,800

2,106,043,200

59,093,593

46,032,100

28,924,100

1,936,406

3,091,100

2,890,100

« 321,831

143,000

784,600

« 30,043

« 79,875

* 2,548,885

43,942,275

25,056,815

11

1,948,021,466

2,010,198,950

2,108,968,300

53,467,772

27,537,413

3,172,000

3,089,000

417,003

3,369,872

4,266,791

5,076,139

• 70,108

< 148,829
*

« 2,913

789,779

951,260

1,047,400

« 24,564,999

° 29, 213, 758

• 33,483,769

10,910

10,000

10,000

10,910

10,000

10,000

4,170,561

5, 228,051

6,133,539

* 24,624,197

■29,352,587

» 33,476,682

1,874,000

553,000

1,674,000

553,000

3,147,811

13,465,037

42, 759,000

2,542,186

11,601,662

35,839,000

22,069,722
5, 772,043
227,503
1,210,780

24,621,800
34, 500,000

25, 489,700
9,900,000
678,900

16,306,800
32,593,000
° 98,880
“ 2,798,686

11,795, 700
4,972,000

1,002,114

17,915,623
5,353,980
°449,285
° 2,723,919

°3, 015,600

29,280,048

60,123,914

36,068,600

20,1

46, 002, 234

13, 752,100

385,983,182

283,397,793

206,086,000

171,730,416

35,373,793

*50,979,000

27, 564,540
125,330,059
81,219
1,167,407
20, 570
2,373,359
574,416

28, 737,776
127,720,000
78,190
1, 698,964

28,831,407
141,675,000
79,300
2, 500,000

« 999,379
64, 558, 511

15,819
64,674, 296

« 474,381
71,370,000

20,000

20,000

4, 750,054
580,000

157, 111, 570
2, 784,144, 356

2,200

° 210

«100

429,223
« 20,204
«10, 907, 599
23,288

750,000

6,973,166
550,000

399,149
« 41,948
« 6,456,247
21,235

163, 584,984

180, 628,873

57,483, 521

54,214, 613

55, 584,040

2,817,350, 280

2,875,213,125

180,135,443

78,356,422

* 53, 750, 916

• Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.




* 16, 081, 479
20,000

Export-import Bank of Washington:
Export-import Bank of Washington fund
[ Limitation on administrative expenses
Liquidation of certain Reconstruction Finance Corporation assets
f

Total, Export-import Bank of Washington
Farm Credit Administration:
Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation fund: Administrative expenses
Federal intermediate credit banks:
f
Revolving fund: Authorizations to expend from corporate debt receipts
(permanent authorizations).
[
Limitation on administrative expenses
Production credit corporations fund:
f
Farm Credit Administration revolving fund
[
Limitation on administrative expenses
Agricultural marketing revolving fund
Total, Farm Credit Administration
Federal Civil Defense Administration:
Civil defense procurement fund
Federal Home Loan Bank Board:
[ Revolving fund
Limitation on administrative expenses
[ Limitation on nonadministrative expenses
Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation:
f
Revolving fund
[
Limitation on administrative expenses
Home Owners' Loan Corporation fund
Total, Federal Home Loan Bank Board
National Science Foundation:
Synthetic rubber research and development
iSaint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation:
[ Limitation on administrative expenses
Small Business Administration:
Revolving fund (current appropriation)
(Disaster loans and relief) (current appropriation)
Revolving fund, small defense plants activities
Liquidation of Reconstruction Finance Corporation, disaster loans
Total, Small Business Administration
Tennessee Valley Authority:
Tennessee Valley Authority fund
Payment to Tennessee Valley Authority fund (current appropriation)

(

Veterans Administration:
Canteen service revolving fund
Direct loans to veterans and reserves
Rental, maintenance, and repair of quarters
Service-disabled veterans’ insurance fund (current appropriation)
Soldiers’ and sailors’ civil relief
Veterans’ special term insurance fund
Vocational rehabilitation, revolving fund
Total, Veterans Administration

Total public enterprise funds

112

T H E BUD GET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957
REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS—Continued
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

NEW AUTHORIZATIONS
Organization unit and account title

Func­
tional
code
N o.

FUNDS PROVIDED

(authorizations to expend from public debt
receipts unless otherwise specified)

1955

1956

1957

(by operations)

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT— Continued
Intragovernmental funds
Advisory Committee on Weather Control:
Advances and reimbursements____________________________ _____ ________

607

$190

056

2,097,145

$716,000

$3,063,000

606
606

527,453
8, 355,409

450,000
9,350,000

550,000
9,437,500

603

1,483

152

24, 658

15,800

10,000

520

159, 563

519

12, 610

12,000

12,000

517

71,081

65,300

40,000

401

21, 500

10,000

604

93,774

519

33, 274

610

6,000

211

315

215

585

Atomic Energy Commission:
Advances and reimbursements________________________ _____ _____________

Civil Service Commission:
Advances and reimbursements__________________________ ________ _______
Investigations_____ ______________ _____ ____________________________________

Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government:
Advances and reimbursements______________________ ____________________

Export-import Bank of Washington:
Advances and reimbursements____________________________ ______________

Federal Civil Defense Administration:
Advances and reimbursements...............................................................................

Federal Communications Commission:
Advances and reimbursements...... ........................................................................

Federal Home Loan Bank Board:

Advances and reimbursements___________ ________ _____
Federal Power Commission:

Advances and reimbursements_________________________
General Accounting Office:

Advances and reimbursements.............. .................... ...........
Interstate Commerce Commission:

Advances and reimbursements___ _________ ___________

30,050

4,000

Jamestown-Williamsburg-Yorktown Celebration Commission:

Advances and reimbursements___ _________ _______ ____
National Labor Relations Board:

Advances and reimbursements_____ ___________________

100

National Science Foundation:

Advances and reimbursements___ ____ ________ ____ ____
Railroad Retirement Board:

Advances and reimbursements___ _____________________

217

Renegotiation Board:

Advances and reimbursements........- ....................................

604

1,693

519

54, 300

211

2,762

215

52,700

Securities and Exchange Commission:

Advances and reimbursements.............................................

30, 250

30, 250

Selective Service System:

Advances and reimbursements__ _________ ____ ________
Smithsonian Institution:

Advances and reimbursements.................................... .........

80,000

Subversive Activities Control Board:

Advances and reimbursements________________________

1,800

608

Tariff Commission:

Advances and reimbursements_________________________

151

25,765

16, 200

16,000

153

2,176,278

1,918,690

2,050,000

106
106

377, 523
129,181, 492

389,900
131,621,622

324,300
131, 544, 449

143, 277, 553

144, 707,712

147,081,599

2, 747,216,466

2,883, 701, 570

3,076,045,640

United States Information Agency:

Advances and reimbursements_________________________
Veterans Administration:

Advances and reimbursements------------------------------------Supply fund-------------------------------------------------------------Total intragovernmental funds---------------Total revolving and management funds..




$794, 257, 567

$159,945,000

$151,305,000

113

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES
REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS—Continued
(Including budget authorizations therefor from the general fund)

FUNDS APPLIED
(to operations)

NET EFFECT ON BUDGET EXPENDITURES
Organization unit and account title

1955

1957

1955

1956

1957

ENACTED OR RECOMMENDED IN THIS DOCUMENT— Continued
Intragovernmental funds
Advisory Committee on Weather Control:
$190
2,122,425

$716,686

527,453
7, 594,712

450,000
9, 670, 633

$3,063,000
550,
9, 495,

$25,280

« 760,697

320,633

$57,661

1,483
24,658

15,800

10,000

159, 563
58,709

12,015

71,081

65,300

21,500

10,000

46,099

Advances and reimbursements
Federal Home Loan Bank Board:
Advances and reimbursements
Federal Power Commission:
Advances and reimbursements
General Accounting Office:

93,774

Advances and reimbursements
Interstate Commerce Commission:

39,660

30,050

4,000

315

100

100

585

5,000

Advances and reimbursements
Jamestown-Williamsburg-Yorktown Celebration Commission:
Advances and reimbursements
National Labor Relations Board:
Advances and reimbursements
National Science Foundation:
Advances and reimbursements
Railroad Retirement Board:

6,000

5,000

25,910

25,910

Advances and reimbursements
Renegotiation Board:

1,693

Advances and reimbursements
Securities and Exchange Commission:

54,300

30,250

30,250

Advances and reimbursements
Selective Service System:

2,762
57,093

Advances and reimbursements
Smithsonian Institution:
Advances and reimbursements
Subversive Activities Control Board:
Advances and reimbursements
Tariff Commission:
Advances and reimbursements
United States Information Agency:
Advances and reimbursements
Veterans Administration:
Advances and reimbursements
Supply fund

4,393
1,800

25,765

16,200

16,

2,176,278

1,918,690

2,050,

377,523
127,301,074

389,900
128,004, 371

324,
131,543,

« 1,880,418

« 3,617,251

140,744,506

141,425,261

147,138,730

»2, 533,047

« 3,282,451

57,131

2,958,775, 541

1,022,351,855

75,073,971

“ 53,693,785

2,924,888, I

Advances and reimbursements
Atomic Energy Commission:
Advances and reimbursements
Civil Service Commission:
Advances and reimbursements
Investigations
Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government:
Advances and reimbursements
Export-import Bank of Washington:
Advances and reimbursements
Federal Civil Defense Administration:
Advances and reimbursements
Federal Communications Commission:

177,602,3

• Deduct, excess of repayments and collections over expenditures.




Total intragovernmental funds
Total revolving and management funds

114

TH E B U D G ET FOR F IS C A I/Y E A R 195?

C U R R E N T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S

ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON WEATHER CONTROL

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION

Salaries and Expenses, Advisory Committee on Weather Control
Salaries and expenses: [ F o r ] The unobligated balance of the

Salaries and Expenses, American Battle Monuments Commission
Salaries and expenses: For necessary expenses, as authorized by
the A ct of June 26, 1946 (36 U. S. C. 121, 12&-132, 138), including
the acquisition of land or interest in land in foreign countries; pur­
chase and repair o f uniforms for caretakers of national cemeteries
and monuments outside of the United States and its Territories
and possessions at a cost not exceeding [$ 5 0 0 ] $1,500; not to exceed
[$ 6 1 ,0 0 0 ] $69 ,000 for expenses of travel; rent of office and garage
space in foreign countries; purchase (not to exceed one for replacement
only) and hire of passenger motor vehicles; and insurance of official
m otor vehicles in foreign countries when required by law of such
countries; [$ 9 2 0 ,0 0 0 ] $ 1,140,0 0 0 : Provided, That where station
allowance has been authorized by the D epartm ent of the Arm y for
officers of the Arm y serving the A rm y at certain foreign stations, the
same allowance shall be authorized for officers of the Armed Forces
assigned to the Commission while serving at the same foreign sta­
tions, and this appropriation is hereby made available for the pay­
ment of such allowance: Provided further, That when traveling on
business of the Commission, officers o f the Armed Forces serving as
members or as secretary of the Commission may be reimbursed for
expenses as provided for civilian members of the Com mission: Pro­
vided further, That the Commission shall reimburse other Govern­
ment agencies, including the Armed Forces, for salary, pay, and
allowances of personnel assigned to it. (General Government
Matters Appropriation Act , 1956.)

appropriation granted under this head for the fiscal year 1956 shall
remain available until July 30 , 1956 , for necessary expenses of the

Advisory Com mittee on W eather Control, established by the Act
of August 13, 1953 (67 Stat. 559), including services as authorized
by section 15 of the A ct of August 2, 1946 (5 U. S, C. 55a) [ ,
$275,000]. (Department of Commerce and Related Agencies Appro­
priation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $275,000
PR O G R A M A N D F IN A N C IN G

1955 actual
Program by activities:
Evaluation of experiments in weather
modification (total obligations)_______

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$264,550

$10,450

$104,035

Financing:
Unobligated balance no longer available.

15,965

10,450

120,000

Appropriation___
Reappropriation..

275,000
10,450

PR O G R A M

AND

PERFORM ANCB

The committee was established to study and evaluate
public and private experiments in weather control. The
committee’s final report is due June 30, 1956, and 30 days
thereafter it ceases to exist.
O B L IG A T IO N S

Object classification

01

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
15

Personal services:
Permanent positions_____ _____ _____
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal services.
Total personal services_____ ______
Travel--------------------------------------------------Transportation of things_____ _____
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services.......................
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies
Supplies and materials________________
Equipment_______________ ______ ______
Taxes and assessments-----------------------Total obligations.

Estimate 1957, $1,140,000

P R O G R AM A N D F I N A N C IN G

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$48,357

$65,080

$64,887

247,799

268,773

323.766

514,623
6,015

586,160
5.987

745,275
6,072

Total obligations-------------------------------

BY

816,794

926,000

1,140,000

Financing:
Comparative transfers from other
accounts____ _____ _____ ________________
Unobligated balance no longer available .

-4 5 ,2 2 0
4,136
920,000

1,140,000

O BJE CTS

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Total number of permanent positions........
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year--------Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary------ ------------------------ Average grade______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary-

Appropriated 1956, $920,000

$4,125
G S-6.3

$4, 754
GS-6.9
$2,766

$6,621
GS-7.7

$27,790
28,679
173
40
12,871

$60,385
25, 570
202
650
36,023

$4,635
1,500

69, 553
11,899
60
1,775

8,560
1,500

4,294
3,830
1,632
2,772
7,497
723

122,830
16, 500
100
5,680
240
12,000
100,000
1,650
1,500
3,125
925

104,035

264, 550

10,450

2,425

90

B U D G E T A U T H O R IZ A T I O N S , E X P E N D I T U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Program by activities:
1. Administration_____________ _________
2. W orld W ar I memorials and ceme­
teries________________________________
3. W orld W ar II memorials and ceme­
teries _______________________________
4. Mexico City National Cemetery_____

Appropriation............................... ...........
Proposed supplemental due to pay
increases___________________________

P R O G R AM

AND

775,710

6,000

PERFORM ANCE

T he Commission is responsible for the maintenance and
operation of all permanent United States military ceme­
teries and memorials located in foreign countries.
These include 8 W orld W a r I cemeteries, a memorial
chapel in each cemetery, 11 W orld W a r I memorials out­
side the cemeteries, 14 W orld W a r I I cemeteries, and the
United States National Cemetery, M exico C ity, M exico.
T he higher estimate in 1957 reflects increasing require­
ments due to completion of various features of the con­
struction program in W orld W a r I I cemeteries and
requirements for major repairs to be undertaken in the
W orld W a r I cemeteries.

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation---------------------------------------Reappropriation of prior year balance..
Obligated balance brought forward____

$120,000

$275,000

'" K m

O B L IG A T IO N S

Object classification
Total budget authorizations avail­
able-------------- --------------------- ----------

120,000

286,845

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS
COMMISSION

92,190

244,900
11,845

30,100

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all em p loy ees............ ..
Num ber of employees at end of year---------

348
26
369
375

361
29
384
384

417
31
442
442

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary— .....................................
Average grade...............................................
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$3,977
G S-5.4
$1,494

$4,252
G S-5.4
$1,551

$4, 275
G S-5.2
$1,544

10,100

Total expenditures_____ ____________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)..
Obligated balance carried forward........... ..
)bligated ba’

92,190

256,745

15, 965
11,845

10,450
19, 650

Total expenditures and balances___

120,000

286,845




O BJECTS

30,100

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations..
Out of prior authorizations___

BY

$10,450
19,650

30,100

115

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES
o b l ig a t io n s

by

Object classification

— c o n tin u e d

o bjec ts

1955 actual

PR O G RAM A N D F I N A N C IN G

1956 estimate

AM ERICAN BATTLE M O NUMENTS
c o m m i s s i o n — continued

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
$566, 700
____
Positions other than permanent
30, 940
Regular pay above 52-week base___
1,782
Payment above basic rates_________
24, 540
Other payments for personal serv­
ices: Payment for reimbursable
detail of military personnel_______
45, 220

$593, 575
35, 092
2,982
25,956

$702, 414
41, 378

55, 035

55, 787

712, 640
58,778
4,285
5,314
35, 748
329
35, 872
51, 465
15, 582

833, 564
69, 000
4, 285
5, 312
35, 748
10, 300
85, 772
74, 366
15, 581

Total, American Battle M onu­
ments Commission________________

810, 779

920, 013

1,133,928

Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees. ________
Number of employees at end of year______

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

Average salaries and grades:
Ungraded positions: Average salary____

$2,344

$2,344

$2,344

$4,688
18

$4,688
18

$4, 688

Total personal services . ________
4,706
04 Communication services
______________
43
Rents and utility services......... ..............
192
Other contractual services ___________
621
Supplies and materials__________ _____
398
E q u ip m e n t_____________________
55

4,706
43
200
500
400
138

4,688
45
200
600
400
139

ALLOCATION t o DEPARTMENT OF THE
ARMY

05
07
08
09

Personal services:
Permanent positions... . . . ______
Regular pay above 52-week base___

1957 estimate

$104, 200

$88,373

$66,361

1, 574, 204
975,391
1,539, 509

3,320,436
925,596
665,595

4,034,739
164, 693
887, 723
300,000

Total obligations_____________

669,182
11, 529
5, 757
5,175
19,737
304
35, 024
49, 536
14, 535

01

Program by activities:
1. Administration______ _____________
2. Construction:
(a) European theater_________ . . .
(6) Mediterranean theater_________
(c) Pacific theater _ ________ ____
_
(d) United States and Hawaii..........

1956 estimate

33, 985

Total personal services. _ _____
Travel___________ ______________
Transportation of things_____ _______
Communication services______ _______
Rents and utility services. __________
Printing and reproduction. ________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials. __________ __
Equipm ent______ ___________

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09

1955 actual

1957 estimate

Total, Department of the A rm y ___

6,015

5,987

816, 794

926,000

5,000,000

5,453,516

-1 0 9 , 688
-7 ,0 3 7 ,1 3 2
6,453, 516

- 6,453, 516
4,453, 516

-4 ,4 5 3 ,5 1 6

Appropriation...........................................

3,500,000

3,000,000

1, 000,000

PR O G R AM

AND

PERFORM ANCE

T h e estimate covers the eighth yea r’s program require­
m ents for construction o f U nited States m ilitary cem eteries
in foreign countries and memorials to com m em orate the
services o f the A m erican A rm ed Forces in W orld W ar II.
C onstruction covers the developm ent o f 15 locations in
foreign countries and includes perm anent headstones,
erection o f a m em orial structure at each location, and
other features such as landscaping, roads and paths,
drainage, water supply, caretakers’ houses, and visitors’
and utility buildings required for operating purposes. In
1957 construction o f a m em orial in the national cem etery
in H awaii, and mem orials on the east and west coasts o f
the U nited States will be initiated.
O B L IG A T IO N S

1,140,000

BY

OBJE CTS

6,072

Total obligations____________ _______

4,193,304

Financing:
Comparative transfers from other ac­
counts.. ___ _______ __________ ________
Unobligated balance brought forward.. .
Unobligated balance carried forward___

B U D G ET A U T H O R I Z A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S A N D B A L A N C E S

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation __ ________________
_____
Proposed supplemental due to pay in­
creases_______________________________ __
Obligated balance brought f o r w a r d ..___

$775,710

$920,000

$1,140,000

75,241

6,000
73,920

99,920

850,951

999,920

828,000

71, 957

5, 500
66, 500

500
89,500

Total expenditures___________ ______
Balance no longer available:
Unobligated (expiring for obligation )...
Other______________ __________ ________
Obligated balance carried forward________

772,154

900,000

1, 100,000

4,136
741
73,920

99,920

139,920

Total expenditures and balances___

850,951

999,920

1,239, 920

1957 estimate

86
315
396
416

68
116
180
199

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary_______ _________________
Average grade__ _________ ___________
Ungraded positions: Average salary........

$3,977
G S-5.4
$1,494

$4,252
GS-5.4
$1, 551

$4,275
G S-5.2
$1,544

$270, 523
319,930
284
52, 552

$268,715
308, 276
432
53,347

$212,069
118,536

01

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations __________
Out of anticipated supplemental appro­
priation________________________________
Out of prior au th orization s.___. . . . . .

1956 estimate

104
342
441
398

1, 010,000

Total budget authorizations avail­
able________ ________ ________ __ __

1955 actual

Total number of permanent positions........
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Num ber of employees at end of year...........

1,239,920

700,197

Object classification

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal serv­
ices: Payment for reimbursable
detail of military personnel_______

37,818

148, 666

144,950

770,162
34,552
5,860
5, 212
11,706
703
616
27, 071
5,625
3,331,797

779,436
25,396
10, 613
2,365
1,947
1,021
900
20,985
1,800
4,155, 537

513, 373
22, 500
12,528
825
1,860
475
500
16, 248
468
4,884, 739

Total obligations_____ _______________

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10

126,873

Total personal services____________
T ra v el... _____________ _________ __ __
Transportation of things_____________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____ _______
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Equipm ent__________ . . . _ _________
Lands and structures_________________

4,193,304

5,000,000

5,453, 516

BU D G ET A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S , E X P E N D IT U R E S AN D B A L A N C E S

(Balances for June 30, 1955, are not certified under sec. 1311, Public Law 663)

Construction of Memorials and Cemeteries, American Battle
Monuments Commission
Construction of memorials and cemeteries: For expenses neces­
sary for the permanent design and construction of memorials and
cemeteries in foreign countries as authorized by the A ct of June 26,
1946 (36 U. S. C. 121, 123-132, 138b), and the A ct of August 5,
1947 (50 U. S. C. App. 1819), including [purchase of one passenger
m otor vehicle for replacement only, an d] not to exceed [$3 2,50 0]
$22,500 for expenses of travel, [$3,000,000] $1,000,000, to remain
available until expended: Provided, That the Commission shall
reimburse other Government agencies, including the Armed Forces,
for salary, pay, and allowances of personnel assigned to it. (General
Government Matters Appropriation Act, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $3,000,000
360000— 56'------- 8




Estimate 1957, $1,000,000

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$3,500,000

$3,000,000

$1, 000,000

7,037,132
4,245,816

6,453,516
4,451,406

4,453,516
5,451,406

14,782,948

13,904,922

10,904,922

4 ,666,066

100,000
3,800,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

Appropriation_______________ _____ ________
Balance brought forward:
Unobligated_______________ _________ ____
Obligated_________ _____________________
Total budget authorizations avail­
able________________________________
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations..................
}
Out of prior authorizations.........................
Total expenditures..................................

3,878,026
3,878,026

{

116

TH E BU DGET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957

C U R R E N T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S — C on tinu ed

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS
COMMISSION— Continued
Construction of Memorials and Cemeteries,
Monuments Commission— Continued

Miscellaneous

American Battle

Dedication of World War I I Memorials, American Battle Monuments
Commission
BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES----Continued
1955 actual
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

1957 estimate

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES
EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES—COn.

Total expenditures (out of prior authori__ ______
zations)-. ________ _____ __
Balance no longer available (other than
unobligated, expiring for obligation)____

Balance carried forward:
Unobligated______________________________
Obligated________________________________

$6,453, 516
4,451, 406

$4,453, 516
5,451, 406

$7,004,922

Total expenditures and balances___

14, 782,948

13, 904,922

10,904,922

-$ 4 0 6
406

Total expenditures and balances

Statement of proposed obligations for purchase and hire of passenger motor vehicles for the fiscal year 1957
A M E R I C A N B A T T L E M O N U M E N T S C O M M IS S IO N
M otor vehicles to
be purchased

Old vehicles to
be exchanged

Appropriation
Num ber

Salaries and expenses, American
Battle Monuments Commission.

Gross
cost

Number

Allowance
(estimated)

N et cost
of ve­
hicles to
be pur­
chased

$1,350

$50

$1, 300

1,350

50

ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION
[ o p e r a t in g

expenses

]

Operating Expenses, Atomic Energy Commission
Operating expenses: For necessary operating expenses of the
Commission in carrying out the purposes of the Atom ic Energy
Act of 1954, including the em ploym ent of aliens; rental in or near
the District of Columbia only if no suitable Government-owned
space is available in such area as determined by the General
Services Adm inistration; services authorized by section 15 of the
Act of August 2, 1946 (5 U. S. C. 55a); purchase of equipment;
purchase, maintenance, and operation of aircraft; publication and
dissemination of atom ic inform ation; purchase, repair, and clean­
ing of uniforms; purchase of newspapers and periodicals (not to
exceed $5,000); official entertainment expenses (not to exceed
[$ 5 ,0 0 0 ] $15,000); not to exceed C$3,070,000] $3,300,000 for
expenses of travel, including expenses of attendance at meetings
of organizations concerned with the function or activity for which
this appropriation is made; reimbursement of the General Serv­
ices Administration for security guard services; not to exceed
C$38,202,000] $43,300,000 for personal services; purchase (not to
exceed three hundred and six for replacement only) and hire of passenger
m otor vehicles; C$575,000,000] $1,672,000,000, together with
C$481,400,000 to be transferred from prior year appropriations
under the head “ Plant and equipm ent,” a n d ] the unexpended
balances, as of June 30, C1955] 1956, of prior year appropriations
made available under this head to the Atom ic Energy Commission,
and, in addition, any moneys (except sums received from disposal of
property under the Atomic Energy Community Act of 1955 {42 U. S. C.
2301)) received by the Commission, notwithstanding the provisions of
section 3617 of the Revised Statutes (31 U. S. C. 484) • Provided,
That of such amounts $100,000 may be expended for objects of a
confidential nature and in any such case the certificate of the Com ­
mission as to the amount of the expenditure and that it is deemed
inadvisable to specify the nature thereof shall be deemed a sufficient
voucher for the sum therein expressed to have been expended:
Provided further, That from this appropriation transfers of sums
may be made to other agencies of the Governm ent for the per­
formance of the work for which this appropriation is made, and in
such cases the sums so transferred may be merged with the appro­
priation to which transferred: Provided further, That no part of
this appropriation shall be used in connection with the paym ent
of a fixed fee to any contractor or firm of contractors engaged under




Cost of
hire of
motor
vehicles

Users and public purpose

1,300

Construction of memorials and ceme­
teries, American Battle M onu­
ments Commission.
Total, American Battle M onu­
ments Commission.

Old ve­
hicles
still to
be used

For use in field only b y members and secretary on inspection
trips and by officers and employees in supervision, mainte­
nance, and construction of United States military cemeteries
and memorials in foreign countries.
Do.

a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract or contracts at any installation of
the Commission, where that fee for com m unity management is at
a rate in excess of $90,000 per annum, or for the operation of a
transportation system where that fee is at a rate in excess of $45,000
per annum. (42 U. S. C. 2011; Public Works Appropriation Act,
1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $575,000,000

Estimate 1957,° $1,672,000,000

a Includes $43,500,000 for activities previously carried under “ Plant and equipment,
Atomic Energy C om m ission/’ The amounts obligated in 1955 and 1956 are shown in
the schedule as comparative transfers.

PROGRAM AND FINANCING
1955 actual
Program by activities:
Accrued costs:
1. Source and special nuclear ma­
terials______
_______________ __
2. W eapons.
_
______ _________
3. Reactor development_______ _____
4. Physical research______ ___________
5. Biology and m edicine..- _________
6. Community . . . __________ _______
7. Program direction and administration_
___ . . . _______
8. Security investigations___________
9. Other costs ___________________

$626,896, 217
238,184,541
109,155,473
44, 548,999
28,120,416
18, 977, 296

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$878, 524,000 $1,012, 582,000
267.139.000
282, 470,000
234,935,000
159.927.000
51.419.000
65, 693,000
29.172.000
31, 527,000
20, 065,000
17, 950,000

33,953,408
9,817,431
-10,360,343

38.016.000
6, 807,000
5, 270,000

38,327,000
6, 610,000
6,375,000

1,099, 293,438
-17,167,446

1,456,339,000
-30,226,000

1, 696,469,000
-33,797,000

Net costs __________ __________ _ 1,082,125,992
11. Relation of costs to obligations:
Increase or decrease ( —) in
selected resources available for
future application to activity
costs_____________________________
-2 3 1 , 957, 950

1,426,113,000

1, 662,672,000

Total costs_____
___________
10. Revenues applied_________ . . .

__

Total obligations_____________
Financing:
Comparative transfers from other
accounts
__ ____________________
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Plant and equipment, Atom ic
Energy Commission” (69 Stat. 354,
450)
Unobligated balance no longer available.
Appropriation________________________
Reappropriation... ._ ________ __ . . .

78,859,772

29,328,000

850,168,042

1, 504, 972,772

1, 692,000,000

-21,476,087

-3 3 ,641,000

344,931,727

-571,400,000
20, 000,000

1,098,962,300
74, 661,382

575,000,000
344, 931,772

1, 672,000,000
20, 000,000

117

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES
PR O G RAM

AN D

PERFORM ANCE

T h e C om m ission procures source m aterials; m anufac­
tures special nuclear m aterials and atom ic w eapons; co n ­
ducts research and developm ent aimed at im proved
weapons, generation of pow er from atom ic energy, and
protection o f health against possible hazards arising from
atom ic energy operations; conducts investigations in the
physical and life sciences related to atom ic energy; estab­
lishes and enforces regulations on civilian uses o f atom ic
energy; prom otes industrial participation in atom ic en­
ergy developm ent for peaceful purposes; encourages sci­
entific and industrial progress through the dissemination
o f inform ation under the terms o f the A tom ic E n ergy
A ct o f 1954; and con du cts program s of international co ­
operation in peaceful application of atom ic energy.
T h e program is administered in the field through 10
m ajor offices. M ost o f the C om m ission’s activities are
carried on in G overnm ent-ow ned facilities b y industrial
concerns and educational institutions, operating under
contracts. C oordination with the armed services is
achieved through the M ilitary Liaison C om m ittee o f the
D epartm ent of D efense.
N et operating costs in 1957 are estim ated at $1,662.7
million, or 16.6 percent greater than the estim ated 1956
net costs o f $1,426.1 m illion, and 53.7 percent greater
than actual costs of $1,082.1 m illion for 1955. T h e u p ­
ward trend reflects larger-scale procurem ent o f raw m a­
terials; the continued expansion in the produ ction o f feed
and fissionable materials and weapons as new facilities
com e into operation ; the efforts to develop varied types
o f atom ic w eapons; and increases in other research, includ­
ing research in the physical and life sciences, controlled
therm onuclear reactions, and particularly the developm ent
of reactors for m ilitary uses.
Th e net operating costs plus or minus the change in
selected resources result in the total obligational require­
ments. T h e obligations for operating expenses in 1957
total $1,692 m illion com pared to $1,505 m illion in 1956
and $850.2 m illion in 1955.
T h e 1957 estim ate includes equipm ent not related to
construction projects w ith com parable costs reflected in
1956 and 1955. Prior to 1957 these funds were budgeted
under the appropriation for plant and equipm ent.
1. Source and special nuclear materials.— Uranium ores
and concentrates procured from foreign and dom estic
sources are processed into feed materials from which (a)
plutonium is produ ced in the reactors at H anford, W ash.,
and Savannah R iver, S. C., or (6) the isotope uranium 235
is extracted in plants at Oak R idge, Tenn., Paducah, K y .,
and Portsm outh, Ohio. Foreign sources of uranium will
contribute substantial additional tonnages, and p rod u c­
tion from dom estic sources will continue to expand.
N ew facilities for produ cing feed and special nuclear m ate­
rials will provide increased ou tp ut at low er unit processing
costs. W ork will continue on developm ent of new equip­
m ent and processes to increase yields and im prove the
quality o f products.
2. Weapons.— This program encompasses the p rod u c­
tion o f w eapons; the design, developm ent, and testing of
new w eapon typ es; and the storage, m aintenance, and
cu stod y o f stockpiled weapons. E xpanded produ ction
facilities will be in operation and produ ction of weapons
will increase. T h e num ber of scientific and technical
personnel em ployed at the principal w eapon developm ent
laboratories will continue to increase.




3. Reactor development.— Th e m ajor activities included
in this program are the developm ent o f civilian pow er
reactors, the developm ent o f reactors to m eet a variety
o f m ilitary requirements, studies to increase the store o f
know ledge in reactor tech n ology and evaluate advanced
reactor concepts, the operation o f the N ational R eactor
Testing Station in Idaho and certain technical facilities
located there, and education and training in nuclear
engineering in universities and Com m ission laboratories.
T h e costs b y category are as follows:
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$36, 764,000
1, 700,000
34,818,000
47, 570,000
937,000

$38,156,000
3,300,000
61,200,000
74, 600,000
5,583,000

Category:
Civilian power reactor program________
A rm y package power reactor program ..
Naval propulsion reactor program _____
Aircraft propulsion reactor program____
Training and education________________
Advanced development, operational
services, and all other________________

$27,261,202
600, 785
27,061,956
22,557,022
771,072
30,903,436

38,108,000

52,096,000

Total reactor development program.

109,155,473

159,927,000

234,935,000

The Com m ission’s program for developm ent of civilian
pow er has been centered around the developm ent o f five
basic reactor concepts. E ach of these concepts now has
at least one full-scale counterpart pow er reactor being
planned b y industry or public power groups with rela­
tively little or no G overnm ent financial assistance. In
1956, utilizing funds appropriated for acceleration o f the
power reactor program , the Com m ission has initiated
developm ent work on two additional basic reactor con ­
cepts. In 1957, w ork will be continued on these 7 con ­
cepts and work will be undertaken on 1 additional concept.
The Com m ission’s program for military reactor develop­
m ent has established the great potentiality of nuclear
pow er for military uses. The Com m ission is currently
developing a variety of reactors for the propulsion of
submarines, surface ships, and aircraft and for trans­
portable plants to provide heat and pow er for rem ote
military operations to m eet requirements of the D ep art­
m ent of Defense. D uring 1957, the level o f effort will
be substantially increased on existing developm ent
projects, and developm ent of new reactor types and
adaptation of existing types to m eet new D epartm ent of
Defense requirements will be initiated.
In support of the developm ent of specific reactors,
general work will be continued in design and evaluation of
advanced reactor concepts, fuel element developm ent, and
related fields. Increasing emphasis will be placed on a
broad study of reactor control and safety involving the
testing of basically different classes of reactors under
adverse operating conditions to establish safe upper
operating limits and to study the mechanisms which
cause reactors to be inherently safe.
The C om m ission’s education and training program in
the nuclear engineering sciences will be expanded in 1957.
It will include training in universities and Com m ission
laboratories, and assistance to universities b y providing
training equipment.
4. Physical research.— This activity com prises basic
and long-range investigations in the fields of physics,
chemistry, and m etallurgy required b y the Com m ission
to meet its statutory objectives. These investigations
are undertaken to provide an ever-expanding fund of
theoretical and practical knowledge.
A pproxim ately 90 particle accelerators ranging in
energy from a few hundred thousand electron volts to
the 6 billion electron volt B evatron are utilized in the
Com m ission’s program . A 25 billion to 35 billion electron
volt accelerator, larger than any now existing, is under

118

TH E B U D G ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957

C U R R E N T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S — C on tinu ed

ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION— Continued
[ o p e r a t in g

e xpe n ses

] — c o n tin u e d

Operating Expenses, Atomic Energy Commission— Continued

construction at the B rook h aven N ational L aboratory.
In 1957 increased effort will be d evoted to studies looking
to im proved design o f high-energy accelerators.
A pproxim ately 70 percent o f the cost o f research is
incurred for w ork done in Com m ission laboratories and
30 percent for research con tracted to som e 100 universi­
ties and other independent institutes.
5. Biology and medicine.— Standards are established to
insure that the C om m ission’s activities are con d u cted with
safety to b oth em ployees and the public. R esearch is
con d u cted on the effects o f radiation and certain chemicals
(of significance in the C om m ission ’s operations) on living
things and on the b iological phenom ena of nuclear explo­
sions. R esearch includes the developm ent o f m ethods for
m inim izing exposure to ra d ioa ctive materials o f all sorts;
fo r m inim izing the injurious effects of radioactive m a­
terials ; and for utilizing such substances for hum an
welfare, including fundam ental investigations o f the
applications o f ra d iob iology to agriculture, animal hus­
b an dry, and hum an m edicine. T h e com prehensive study
o f perm issible levels o f exposure to radioactive contam ina­
tion from all causes is given special emphasis.
T h e m a jor p ortion o f the research is carried on at 16
laboratories w hich are ow n ed b y or operated for the C om ­
m ission and the rem ainder, approxim ately 425 projects, is
supported in m ore than 200 universities, colleges, hospitals,
and independent laboratories. T h e program includes the
operation o f 4 cancer research facilities in the U nited
States, and 2 laboratories in Japan for the determ ination
o f the effects of a tom ic b om b s on the population.
6. Community.— T h e
C om m ission
operates
three
tow ns— Oak R id ge, T en n .; R ichland, W ash .; and L os
A lam os, N . M ex .— w ith an estim ated total popu lation in
1956 of 73,000, and p rovid es lim ited com m u n ity services
at other locations. W hile legislation has been enacted to
term inate G overnm en t ownership and operation o f Oak
R id ge and R ich lan d ov er a period o f the next few years,
the estim ates are based on the assum ption that the C om ­
m ission will continue to operate these com m unities through
1957. I t is estim ated that costs will decrease b y $2.1
m illion in 1957 in anticipation that prop erty m aintenance
costs will be reduced consistent w ith estim ated sales of
real estate authorized under the A tom ic E n ergy C om ­
m u n ity A c t of 1955. R evenues will decline incident to the
sale o f revenue-producing p roperty. Since real estate
revenues n orm ally exceed costs b y a substantial am ount,
the loss in revenue from p rop erty sales will result in an
estim ated excess of costs over revenues of $1.5 m illion in
1957.
Revenues
195 5
195 6
195 7

_______ _
__________

Operating
costs

$21,596,504
20, 998, 500
16,497, 000

$18,977, 296
20,065,000
17,950, 000

Excess of
revenues
over costs

Excess of costs
over revenues

$2, 619, 208
933, 500
$1,453, 000

ities related to the nuclear applications o f atom ic energy,
in b o th its dom estic and its international aspects, as well
as a continued all-out effort in the developm en t and p ro ­
duction o f atom ic w eapons fo r defense.
8. Security investigations.— T h e A tom ic E n ergy A ct o f
1954 requires backgrou n d investigations b y the C ivil
Service Com m ission or the Federal Bureau o f Investiga­
tion o f those persons proposed for access to restricted
data o f the atom ic energy program . T h e num ber o f full
background investigations to be com pleted b y the 2
investigative agencies is estim ated at 27,150 for 1957,
com pared w ith 28,000 for 1956 and 44,918 for 1955.
9. Other costs.— In furthering the ob jectives o f the
A tom ic E nergy A ct o f 1954 concerning the utilization of
atom ic energy for peaceful purposes, the C om m ission
furnishes materials and services to industrial organizations
and other private parties apart from that w hich it provides
norm ally for its ow n basic program s. Charges m ade for
such products and services are included under R evenues
A pplied as a reduction in determ ining the appropriations
required. T h e items included are:
1955 actual
Cost of products sold_________________________
Cost of services performed____________________
Adjustments of prior year costs______________
Total other costs________________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

____________
$3,104,000
$3, 200,000
$1, 021,000
3,596,000
3,175,000
—11,381,343 —1,430,000
______________
-10,360,343

5,270,000

6,375,000

10.
Revenues applied.— R evenues are obtained from the
operation o f A E C -ow n ed com m unities and housing; from
the sale o f products and perform ance o f w ork for others,
principally in connection with extending cooperation and
assistance to indu stry; and from other m iscellaneous
sources. T h e activities from w hich these revenues are
derived and the estim ates for each are:
1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

Income from products sold______________
Income from services performed ________
Income from community operations
Other income___ _____ _________________

$3,644,727
324, 519
21, 596, 504
1,602, 504

$10,310,000
2, 597, 500
20, 998, 500
1, 100,000

$12, 903,000
3, 297,000
16, 497,000
1, 100,000

Total revenues_____ _______________
Less funds returned to Treasury________

27,168,254
10,000,808

35, 006,000
4, 780, 000

33, 797,000

N et revenues applied_____________

17,167,446

30,226, 000

33, 797, 000

In 1957, it is proposed that all collections m ade b y the
Com m ission be applied as a redu ction in appropriations
required to finance the program .
11.
Relation of costs to obligations.— T b e year-end
balances o f selected resources together w ith the related
changes for the years 1955, 1956, and 1957, are as follow s:
SELECTED RESOURCES
Year-end balances:
Inventories (goods uncon­
sumed by activities)____
Collateral funds (insur­
ance collateral, employee
benefit, and annuity
funds)____________________
Undelivered orders (goods
and services on order not
yet received)......... - ............
T o t a l selected re­
sources__________ __
Increase or decrease (—) in
selected resources available
for future application to
activity costs______________

195^ actual

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$88, 514,195

$103, 562, 912

$120,081,849

$138, 734, 597

23,890,000

22, 890, 000

21, 290,000

21,290, 000

738,090,377

492,083,710

556, 024, 545

566, 699,797

850,494, 572

618,536,622

697,396, 394

726,724,394

-231,957,950

78,859,772

29,328,000

7.
Program direction and administration.— T h e costs o f
T h e estim ate for 1957 includes $18.6 m illion to increase
general m anagem ent, technical supervision o f program
operations, the negotiation and adm inistration o f contracts,
the level o f inventories and $10.7 m illion to increase the
level o f undelivered orders. T h e inventories o f various
and other related adm inistrative activities perform ed b y
C om m ission personnel represent 2.3 percent o f total oper­ kinds are m aintained prim arily b y contractors to support
the operation o f C om m ission-ow ned p rodu ction plants
ating costs in 1957 as com pared w ith 2.6 percent in 1956.
T h e estim ate o f $38.3 m illion for 1957 reflects an increase
and laboratories. T h e increase in inventories for 1957 is
o f $0.3 m illion ov er 1956 costs p rovid in g fo r a higher required to support expanding reactor operations. T h e
average level o f em p loym en t in support of various a ctiv ­ increase in the level o f undelivered orders is related




119

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES

prim arily to the continued
developm ent effort.

expansion o f the reactor

o b l ig a t io n s

by

Object classification

BY

Average salaries and grades:
Grades established by the Atomic
Energy Commission equivalent to
general schedule grades:
Average salary_________________________
Average grade_________________________
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________
Other payments for personal serv­
ices_____ ________ __________________

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

O BJE CTS

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

ALLOCATION TO SOIL CONSERVATION SERV­
ICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Total number of permanent positions..
Average number of all employees_____
Number of employees at end of year.

ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

Object classification
O B L IG A T IO N S

o bjects

6,841
22
6,050
6,076

6,962
22
6,430
6, 754

6,999
22
6,746
6,779

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary---------------Average grade....................
01

$5, 448
GS-8.0

$6, 054
GS-8.3

$6,154
GS-8.3

$33, 632, 036
175,146
134, 461
1, 635,330

$38, 778, 000
195, 000
149, 000
1, 924, 000

$41,186,000
197, 000
1,897, 000

$4,491
G S-6.5
$6. 489

4, 024
558
4

Total personal services02 Travel______________________
03 Transportation of things___
04 Communication services___
07 Other contractual services. _
08 Supplies and materials_____
15 Taxes and assessments______

24,249

21, 000

20,000

Total, Soil Conservation Service. .

Total personal services-.-.......... .
02 Travel_________________________________
03 Transportation of things______________
04 Communication services______________
05 Rents and utility services_____________
06 Printing and reproduction____________
07 Other contractual services____________
Services performed by other agencies.
08 Supplies and materials________________
09 Equipment____________________________
11 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..
13 Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
15 Taxes and assessments________________
Unvouchered______________________________

35, 601,222
2, 210,071
3, 739,141
3, 015,970
164,390, 496
605, 598
418,937,967
12, 712,872
166,270, 763
21, 476,0S7
824,299
12,999
83,457
76

41, 067, 000
3, 070,000
5,853, 262
2,943, 700
232, 011,457
849,250
829, 508, 233
12,212, 052
312, 531,701
33, 641, 000
733.000
159, 400
5,029
100.000

43,300, 000
3,300,000
5, 730, 634
2,973, 520
230,123,376
434,320
917, 389,065
11,225, 545
407, 627,964
43,500,000
733, 000
110,100
5,029
100,000

829,881,018

1,474, 685,084

1 ,666, 552, 553

7, 000
4, 400
50
50
3,724
1, 000
47

14, 229

16, 271

ALLOCATION TO BUREAU OF THE CENSUS,
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Total, Atomic Energy Commission_

$6, 970
30

6,489
3, 014
140

Personal services:
Permanen t positions________
Regular pay above 52-week \

$4,829
G S-6.4

ALLOCATION TO NATIONAL SCIENCE
FOUNDATION

04
06
07
08

other

$5,044
GS-7.0

$5,044
GS-7.0

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent____
Payment above basic rates............ ..

i, 719
909
232

$7,841

$7,841

Total personal services____________
Communication services______________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services__________ _
Supplies and materials________________

7,860
140
489
1,209
135

8,750
150
500
500
100

8, 750
150
500
500
100

> 833
,

10,000

10,000

1, 026

ALLOCATION TO NATIONAL BUREAU OF
STANDARDS, DEPARTMENT OF COM­
MERCE
07

Other contractual services____________

1, 220, 220

1, 085, 802

GS-6.1

$4, 720
GS-6.1

A, 182

$4, 240

$1, 022,000

ALLOCATION TO COAST AND GEODETIC
SURVEY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year.........

01
$4,875
GS-7.7

Total, National Science Founda­
tion______________________ _________

01

Personal services: Positions
than permanent-.

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_______________________ _

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year______
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________ ________
Average grade_______________ _____ ____

01

02
04
05
07
08

Personal services: Permanent posi­
tions_________________________________
Travel_______ _________________________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Total, Coast and Geodetic Survey..

197
16
62
90
213
4, 760

4,240

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
60
59
58

Total number of permanent positions____
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

Transportation of things_____________ _
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Total, General Services Adm inis­
tration_______ _______ _____ ________

01

$1,000
1,500
1,608,050
1,610,550

02
03
04
05
07
08
15

ALLOCATION TO AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year-------Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade------------ -------------------------01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates-------------Total personal services_______ —
Travel______________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services: Services
performed by other agencies-----------Supplies and materials________________
Taxes and assessments________________

$4,334
GS-5.3
$4,080

$4,341
G S-5.3

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$285,823
1,092

$321, 730
1,230
1,000

$288, 645

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services_____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials_________ : _____
Taxes and assessments________________

287, 723
22, 290
470, 353
140,088
446,308
3,609, 518
70, 711
246

323, 960
24,800
655. 000
28,000
451,155
11,281,427
22, 657
300

289, 745
20,000
655, 000
28,000
426,155
10,844,047
16,000
300

5,047,237

12,787,299

12,279, 247

1,100

ALLOCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
$4,844
GS-7.0

$5,245
GS-7.0

$5,361
G S-7.2

$50,375
3,781
183
52

$53,900
3,600
200

$53,900
4,600

54,391
1,400
280
25

57,700
1,400
800
50
100

58, 500
1,400
800
50
100

10, 083
3,255
49

14, 517
5,900
50

14,100
5,000
50

(9,483

i, 517

80,000

Total, Agricultural Research Serv-




$4,025
GS-5.3
$4,025

Total, Department of the A r m y ...*

ALLOCATION TO GENERAL SERVICES
ADMINISTRATION

47
46
46

Total number of permanent positions........
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____
Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary____
01

02
03
04
07

$4,320
GS-6.4
$4,154

$4,453
G S -6.8
$4,193

$4,453
G S -6.8
$4,193

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$341,162
947
7,942

$276,290
710
4,000

$277,000

Total personal services.____ ______
Travel....................................................... ..
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Other contractual services_______ _____

350,051
10,057
4,738
109
4, 709,752

281,000

281,000

4,'O O
O

21,940

6 040
,’

5,"724,"789

4,"908,"000

120

TH E BUDG ET FOR FISCAL Y E A R 1957

C U R R EN T A U T H O R IZ A T IO N S — C on tinu ed

ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION— Continued
[ o p e r a t in g

e xpe n ses

o b l ig a t io n s

Object classification

] — c o n t in u e d

Operating Expenses, Atomic Energy Commission— Continued
o b l ig a t io n s

by

o bje cts—

allocation to department
n a vy — continued

08
15

1955 actual
of

Total, Department of the N a v y .. .

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

$228, 534
1,124

$792,936
1,124

5,304, 365

6, 821, 789

44, 948

30, 437

6,183, 341

6, 789, 962

$13,836
1,124

allocation to department of the
air force

07

Other contractual services___________

Other contractual services.

1955 actual

02
03
04
06
07
08
15

Personal services— Continued
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Paympnt above basic rates _______
Total personal services_________ _
Travel___________________________ __
.
Transportation of th in gs... ________ __
Communication services__________ _ .
Printing and reproduction____
_
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and m aterials___ __
_
Taxes and assessments____ ________ __

90,139
69, 938
1,071
376
60
972
1,070
50

Total, Public Health Service_______

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS AVAILABLE

141
10
146
121

102
84

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_________________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

$5,051
GS-7.4
$3, 982

$5, 484
GS-7.4
$4,115

$5, 531
GS-7.5
$4,129

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___
Payment above basic rates_________

$1,348, 648
72, 617
*
4,700
53, 312

$642, 452
26, 526
2, 470
8, 743

$459, 606
20, 029

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Printing and reproduction____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Refunds, awards, and indemnities___
Taxes and assessments________________

1, 479, 277
53,957
80, 014
4, 247
2, 950
365
114,815
435,011
289
11, 941

680,191
33, 500
14,176
1,850
2, 600
100
93, 500
134, 534

486,805
31, 300
7, 461
1,350
1, 650
100
68, 300
81, 634

1,900

2,182,866

962, 351

680, 000

Appropriation ____ ________ __
_ _ .
$1, 098, 962, 300
Reappropriation of prior year balance____
74, 661.382
Obligated balance brought forward- _____
767, 265,123
Unobligated balance transferred from
“ Plant and equipment, Atomic Energy
Commission” (69 Stat. 354, 4 5 0 ) _ _
.
Total budget authorizations avail­
able. ___ _________ _________ _____

$575,000, 000 $1, 672,000, 000
344, 931, 772
20, 000, 000
557, 277, 430
663, 609, 202
571, 400, 000
2,048, 609, 202

2 , 355, 609,202

Expenditures—
Out of current authorizations________ _
} l, 038, 679, 648 / 807,722,570
Out of prior authorizations. ________ __
\ 557,277,430

968,390. 798
663, 609,202

1, 940, 888,805

1,400

Total, Bureau of M ines_____________

7,170

allocation to fish and wildlife serv ­
ice , department of the interior

Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade______________________
Ungraded positions: Average salary___

EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

Total expenditures. .
_________
Unobligated balance no longer available
(expiring for obligation)__ _ __ _
_
_
Obligated balance carried forw ard.. _____

1,038, 679, 648

1,365,000,000

344, 931, 727
557, 277, 430

20, 000,000
663, 609, 202

723, 609,202

Total expenditures and balances___

1, 940, 888, 805

2,048, 609, 202

2,355, 609, 202

[ plant

and

e q u ip m e n t

1, 632,000,000

]

32, 505
400
100
200
800

Plant and Equipment, Atomic Energy Commission
[F o r expenses of the Commission in connection with the purchase
and construction of plant and the acquisition of equipm ent and other
expenses incidental thereto necessary in carrying out the purposes of
the A tom ic Energy A ct of 1954, including the acquisition or condem ­
nation of any real property or any facility or for plant or facility
acquisition, construction, or expansion; purchase of aircraft; pur­
chase (not to exceed four hundred and seventy-nine for replacement
only) and hire of passenger m otor vehicles; $256,327,000, to remain
available until expended and $2,900,000 which shall be available for
the construction of a com m unity hospital at Oak Ridge, Tennessee:
Provided, That, in addition to transfers otherwise authorized by law,
$90,000,000 of unexpended balances available under this head shall
be transferred to the appropriation “ Operating Expenses, Atom ic
Energy Com mission.” ]
(42 U. S. C. 2011: 69 Stat. 291; Supple­
mental Appropriation A ct, 1956.)
Appropriated 1956, $259,227,000

5,010

4,495

PROGRAM AND FINANCING

37,861

38,500

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees_________
Number of employees at end of year_____

$4,277
G S-6.5
$3,600

$4, 722
G S -6.8
$3,660

$4,817
G S -6.8
$3, 660

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___
Regular pay above 52-week base___

$19, 526
7, 713
100

$31,231

$32,505

Total personal services___________
Travel_________________________________
Transportation of things______________
Communication services______________
Rents and utility services____________
Other contractual services____________
Supplies and materials________________
Taxes and assessments________________

27,339
596
553
212
756
5,267
6,110
207

31,351
400
100
200
800

Total, Fish and Wildlife Service___

02
03
04
05
07
08
15

50, 609
1,504,972, 772 $1,692,000,000

BUDGET AUTHORIZATIONS, EXPENDITURES AND BALANCES

325
16
314
204

01

250
400
TO
O

6,127, 700

Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year_____

02
03
04
05
06
07
08
13
15

1957 estimate

$40, 709
8, 550
450
150

163, 676
850,168,042

allocation to bu reau of mines ,
department of the interior

01

1956 estimate

$17
200

Total obligations____________________

allocation to geological su r v e y ,
department of the interior

07

c o n tin u e d

and w elfare — continued

the

Supplies and materials..
Taxes and assessments..

o b je c t s—

ALLOCATION TO PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE,
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION,

co n tin u e d
01

Object classification

by

41,040

120

1955 actual

1956 estimate

1957 estimate

allocation to public health service ,
department of health , education ,

Program by activities:
1. Source and special nuclear materials
facilities______________________________
2. Weapons facilities____________________
3. Reactor development facilities_______
4. Physical research facilities___________
5. Biology and medicine facilities______
6. Community facilities_________________
7. Administrative facilities_____________

AND WELFARE
Total number of permanent positions____
Full-time equivalent of all other positions.
Average number of all employees________
Number of employees at end of year-------Average salaries and grades:
General schedule grades:
Average salary________________________
Average grade_______________ ______ _
01

Personal services:
Permanent positions________________
Positions other than permanent___




$4, 955
GS-7.0

$34, 673
55, 249

$5, 335
GS-7.0
$40, 709

Total obligations___________________
Financing:
Comparative transfers to other accounts.
Unobligated balance brought forward..

$159,025,127
30,104,014
42, 385, 393
13, 704,109
787, 666
3,009, 575
5,000

$173, 602, 516
67,833,186
132, 202, 924
30, 781, 793
6, 662, 429
8,819,962
9,995,000

249,020,884

429,897, 810

27,163,000

21,476,087
-404, 691, 532

33, 641,000
-755,331,371

-79,044,000

$24, 500,000
2,663,000

121

IN D E P E N D E N T OFFICES
program

and

f in a n c in g

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

o b l ig a t io n s

1956 estimate

by

Object classification

1957 estimate

o b jects

— c o n tin u e d

1955 actual

1956 estimate

Financing— C ontinued
Unobligated balance transferred to
“ Operating expenses, Atomic En­
ergy Commission” (69 Stat. 354, 450).
Recovery of prior year obligations_____ -$510, 254, 410
755, 331,371
Unobligated balance carried forward___
Unobl