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Area Wage Survey
Westchester County, New York, May 1976
Bulletin 1900-46
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a y 1976 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N e w Y o r k .
The
s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ’ a n n u a l
a r e a w a g e p r o g r a m , w h ic h is d e s ig n e d t o y ie ld d a ta f o r in d iv id u a l
m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s a s w e l l a s n a t io n a l a nd r e g i o n a l e s t im a t e s f o r
a l l S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a te s ,
e x c lu d in g A la s k a an d H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l
a n d d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , a nd (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m
d e v e l o p s in f o r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g ,
an d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o
a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 965.




C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . (S ee
l i s t o f a r e a s on in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n o n e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e
b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir s t
b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
d i r e c t i o n o f A n th o n y J . F e r r a r a , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r
f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d
w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e an d s a l a r y
d a ta p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a t io n in th is
b u lle t in . T h e B u r e a u w is h e s t o e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r
th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Bulletin 1900-46

A rea W age S urvey:

November 1976

W estchester County, N ew York,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M ay 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________

2

Page
A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B .

S c o p e a n d m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _______
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________

11

14

T a b les:
A.

E arn in g s:
A - l . W e e k ly earn in g s of o ffice w o r k e r s ...
A -2 . W e e k ly earn in g s of p r o fe s s io n a l
a n d t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _____________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in g s of o ffic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x __________________
A -4 . H o u rly earn in g s of m ain ten a n ce,
to o lro o m , and p o w erp lan t

w o r k e r s _________________________________
A -5.

A -6.

A -l.

3
5

6

7

H o u rly e a rn in g s of m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
8
w o r k e r s ___________________________
A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in g s of
m ain ten an ce, to o lro o m , p o w e rp la n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
9
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn in g s fo r se le cte d
o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju sted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ______________ 1 0




1

For sale by the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overnm ent Printing
O ffic e , Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS R egional
O ffices listed on back cover.
Price 55 cents.
M ake checks payable to
Superintendent o f D ocum ents.




Introduction
T h is
area
is
1 o f 84 i n w h i c h t h e U . S .
D e p a rtm en t of L a b o r 's B u re au of L a b o r S ta tistics
co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fits.
In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire ,
and te le p h o n e in te rv ie w .
R e p resen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted :
M an u factu rin g; tra n sp o rtatio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion ,
and
oth er
p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce,
in su ra n ce,
and r e a l e sta te ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry group s exclu d ed fr o m
th ese
stu dies
a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish ­
m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of
w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b e c a u s e of in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d .
S e p a ra te ta b u la ­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r ite r ia .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , a n d p o w e r p l a n t , a n d (d)
m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
In t h e 31 l a r g e s t
survey
areas,
ta b les
A - l a th ro u gh A - 6 a p ro vid e
s i m i l a r d a t a f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s of office c le r ic a l w o r k e r s ,
e le c tro n ic
data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n urses,
s k ille d m ain ten a n ce tra d e s w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s ib le , data a re
presen ted
for
a ll in d u strie s,
m an u factu rin g ,
and
n o n m a n u factu rin g .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e of
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e lim in a tio n of c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u se d by em p lo y m e n t sh ifts a m on g e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts a s w e ll a s tu r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r d eta ils, see
a p p e n d ix A .
A p p en d ix es

A - s e r i e s ta b les
T a b le s A - 1 th ro u gh A -6 p ro vid e e s tim a te s
of stra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earn in g s fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
O ccupa­
t io n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l lo w in g c a t e g o r i e s :
( a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , -(b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

2

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e th o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d
b y B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
o ccu p a tio n .

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

N

L

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workere

A vera ge
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

1

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earn in gs o f -

$
90
M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle ranged

S $
100 no

S
120

ss
130

130

140150

160

s
$
S
1180 190 2 0 0
70

160

170

1800
19

186 240
114185
72
55

S S
1150
40

S

S S
220 240

S $
S
i
1 --- s
S
260 280 300 320 340 360 380

and
under

100

and

110

120

200220

240

239
1 4 64 8 4
1 48121 3 2 3
91
2 51 6 1

345
234
111

260

280

33 2 0
00

340

75
55
20

19

3 8 0 over

360

ALL WORKERS

2 ,5 5 9
1 ,7 1 6
843

3 6 .5 I l 5 .5 0f i o .o o 1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 4 4 .0 0
3 6 •0 2 1 8 . 5 0 2 1 1 . 0 0 1 8 2 . 0 0 2- 4 6 . 0 0
3 6 .5
2 1 0 . 0 20 0 6 . 0 0 1 7 2 . 0 0 2- 4 0 . 0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

275
101

3 6 .5 2 8 8 .0 0 2 8 8 .0 0 2 5 0 .0 0 - 3 1 9 .0 0
3 7 .0
2 7 6 2. 5 0 . 5 0
8
2 3 1 . 3 0 9- . 0 0
0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

659
441
218

3 6 . 5 2 4 0 . 5 0 2 4 6 . 0 0 2 1 0 . 0 0 2- 7 2 . 0 0
3 6 .0
2 4 5 . 5 20 4 9 . 0 0 2 1 3 . 0 0 - 2 7 5 . 0 0
3 7 .0
2 3 0 . 5 20 3 5 . 0 0 1 9 5 . 0 0 2- 6 7 . 0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

858
678
180

3 6 .5
2 0 7 . 5 20 1 1 . 0 0 1 8 4 . 5 0 - 2 2 9 . 0 0
3 6 .0
2 0 6 . 0 20 0 9 . 0 0 1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 2 6 . 0 0
3 8 . 0 2 1 3 . 5 0 2 1 7 . 0 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 2- 3 4 . 5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

767
423
344

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------—
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- ----------

-

-

-

3

-

19
5
14

-

_

.

-

3

23
7
16

70
28
42

100
59
41

-

-

_

.

-

-

.

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
4
6

19
12
7

60
24
336

74
46
28

122
58

43
25

39
13

41
11

21
9

1

-

1
1

8

8 7
7

111
62

*

-

“

119
85
34

79
66

*

34
29
5
22
21

15

17
14 14
31

17

7

*

-

*

-

3

-

.

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

4

3 6 .0 1 7 7 .5 0 1 7 7 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0 3 6 .5 1 7 9 .0 0 1 7 6 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0 - 1 9 7 .0 0 3 5 .5
1 7 5 1. 7 7 . 0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1- 9 8 . 5 0
50
-

.

_

-

-

19
5
- 14

10
7

172
81

3 7 . 1 5 4 . 5 0 1 5 4 . 5 0 1 4 6 . C O1- 6 5 . 0 0
0
3 7 . 5 1 4 9 . 0 0 1 4 6 . 0 0 1 3 9 . 5 0 1- 6 2 . 0 0

.

.

-

-

12
12

6
5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

451
310
141

3 7 .5 1 8 6 .5 0 1 8 5 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 - 1 9 6 .0 0
3 7 .0
1 8 5 1. 0 0 . 0 0 1 7 5 . 0 0 1- 9 5 . 0 0
86
3 8 .0
1 8 9 . 0 10 8 3 . 0 0 1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 0 1 . 0 0

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

TY PIST S, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

131
102
29

3 6 .5 1 7 2 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 5 2 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0
3 6 . 1 6 4 . CO 1 6 5 . CO 1 4 9 . 0 0 - 1 8 0 . 0 0
0
3 7 . 5 2 0 0 . 5 0 1 9 8 . 0 0 1 9 1 . 5 0 2- 0 0 . 5 0

-

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

T Y P IST S, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -----

213
73
140

3 6 . 15 3 8 . 0 0 1 3 6 . 5 0 1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 0 0 3 6 . 1 3 8 . 0 0 1 3 7 . 0 0 1 2 8 . 5 0 1- 4 7 . 0 0
5
3 6 . 0 1 3 8 . 0 0 1 3 3 . 5 0 1 2 8 . 0 0 1- 4 5 . CO
-

6
2

26

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

n o
43
67

MESSENGERS ------------------ —
MANUFACTURING ---------

89
65

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3 6 . 5 1 5 5 . 0 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 1 2 1 . 0 0 1- 7 6 . 0 0

-

-

34
26
8

93
74
19

75
82
71

4

4

56
51
5

234
179
55

122136
88
66
64
34
70

51
39
12

142
67
75

32
15

6

12
12

5
5

12
12

*

*

-

12
9
3

40
11
29

59
17

56
20
42 36

21
8
13

-

10

28

131
69
62

3 7 . 0 1 5 5 . 5 0 1 5 5 . 0 0 1 3 8 . 0 0 1- 7 0 . 5 0
3 6 .0
1 6 3 . 0 10 6 1 . 0 0 1 4 7 . 0 0 1- 8 1 . 5 0
3 7 . 5 1 4 7 . 0 0 1 4 3 . 0 0 1 2 6 . 5 0 1- 6 0 . 0 0

4
-

-

4

18
10
a

7
14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING---------------- — -------- -------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- -------- -----

171
67
104

3 6 . 0 1 4 8 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1- 6 0 . 0 0
3 6 . 0 1 5 6 . 5 0 1 5 9 . 0 0 1 3 3 . 5 0 1- 6 4 . 0 0
3 6 . 0 1 A 2 . 5 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 3 7 . 0 0 1- 5 5 . 0 0

15
3
12

ORDER CLERKS

131

3 8 . 5 1 4 0 . 5 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1- 3 5 . 0 0

4

30
23

4

3

-

10
1
9

-

-

22

_

-

7

-

-

-

-

“

*

22

*

37
25
12

11

4

30

56

'

4

2

9

8

-

85
48
13 37
11
2

3

2

-

4

4

9
13
1

15

17
4 4

9
1

12
10

3
2
1

1
-

•

•

8

1
-

-

-

-

-

•

- -

1 -

-

•
-

•

-

-

_

1

•

-

.

-

- -

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

2

4

2

1

-

1 4
-

-

-

9

1

4

-

_

1

-

1
1

-

•

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

3
2 2
1

5
5

1

2 2

2 1 11
7

27

7

4

7

4

9

8
73
1

1

6 3
1

12

-

-

-

-

4

51
8
43

-

-

2

1

•

1

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

.

-

1 1
7
18
4

35
21
14

*

2
4

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

-

*

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

1

12

3

8
8

2

1
'

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

5

24
18
6
2 3
2

- 2
1
1

-

3

12

17
6

1

-

11
7

1

23

2

2

18
17

7
5

91
70
21

17
16

29

26
52 26 48
21
13 9

126123
47 97
77
37 29
46

*

32
7

11
6 72
9

4

-

2
2

16

87
210
156
54 20

3 7

6
6
10

7

84

2

4

3 6 . 5 1 2 8 . 5 0 1 2 5 . CO 1 1 2 . 0 0 1- 3 4 . 0 0
3 7 . 0 1 2 2 . 5 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 6 . 5 0 1- 2 9 . 0 0

22
12

1

28
14

2
2
-

-

36
6

5

49

4

2 170
17
10




28
11
11 77

58 86
52

14
12
2

3 5 .5 1 1 8 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
3 5 . 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 1 3 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1- 2 8 . 0 0
3 5 . 5 1 1 4 . 0 0 1 1 2 . 0 0 1 0 9 . 5 0 1- 1 9 . 0 0
10

15
12

2

2

-

-

7

4

5

.

-

-

4

_

7
1
6

9

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 8 -

2

252
11 4 5
61
1 85 9 9 101
67
62
44

3
'

1
'

'

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in W e s tc h es te r C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1 97 6 — C ontinu ed
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
Number
of
w ork en

A v era g e
w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

S

S

S

$

$

$

$

i

S

S

$

S

s

S

s

$

S

S

%

$

S

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

100

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

3*0

360

380

over

26
5

6
19

31
11

27

24
15

23

9

5
1

2

5
1

-

-

-

-

-

88
24

30
17

37
22

21
15

107
3

i

10

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

32
21
11

26

22

32
28

64

47
18
29

36
32
4

90
M ean

*

M e d ia n *

M iddle ranged

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$ w

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

$

$

182

3 6 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

1 8 1 .5 0

1 5 9 ,5 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6

18

164
t.07

3 7 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -

-

4

8

13

32

14

1 3 3 .0 0

AvwUUN 1 i NO LL L<' ^ j i L L A A
m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------

$

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE o p e r a t o r s .

PvLT r U N t ' '

w* L K A 1 U K j f

LL Aj j

£ J

1 7 0 .0 0

A

21

1 4 8 .0 0
NONMANUFACTj R I N G -------------------------------------------

C j

g

138

1 3 0 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

I 6 0 T 00

-

-

10

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




24

65

1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . o0

3 6 l 0 1 5 8 .0 0

4

21

24

37

26

6

22

6

1
17

28

9

28

i

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in W estchester C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
w ork en

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

A verage
w eek ly
H ur1
o
(standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

1

i —

no
M ean *

M edian *

M iddle ranged

$

$

120

130

140

150

160

170

130

140

150

160

170

180

1 ------ - s
-s
S
180
190
220
200

S
240

1 ------- S
S
s
1 ------' S
S
s
T -----260
280
300
340
380
400
440
320
360

and
u nd er
120

a LL

S

S

S

and
190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

36P

380

400

440

over

2
2

21
21

5
5

27
18

24
24

*60
59

5
*

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
" D u*J l l i L
• v v ls A w w A

$
4 2 1 .0 0

141
129

3 7 .0

56
45

3 7 .0
3 7 .5

62

37^ 5 3 2 4 .5 0

75

"

2 7 1 .5 0

$

$_

$
2

4 3 3 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
3 5 0 .0 0
3 4 2 .5 0

3 5 0 • 50 3 0 9 . 0 0 3 0 9 .0 0 -

3
3

3
2

3
3

8
7

4
3

11
9

7
7

8
8

3
3

1
1

3 8 2 .0 0
3 7 9 .5 0

4
1

25
11

26
6

43
7

30
7

30
17

12
8

1
1

3
3

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS),
310 #50 c o o * j 0 wJ*MJ*OO
327 *50 2 9 3 .5 0 - 3 5 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS) ,
3
2
1

19
14
5

29
15
14

21
12
9

19
17
2

11
10
1

4
2
2

4
2
2

3
1
2

1
1

3
3

-

1

1
llU rin M P lU r A v 1 U n i l l U

265*00

""

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS) •
CLASS Cl
-

157

3 7 .5

48

2 0 2 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 4 5 .0 0

279*00

2 1 7 .5 0

A

drafters,

class

8

------------------------- -----------------------

37

3 8 .5

2 5 4 .5 0

2 4 8 .5 0

2 2 0 .0 0 - 2 8 4 .0 0

12

6

5

2

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1

12
10
2

33
30
3

49
39
10

44
39
5

23
18
5

.
-

5
5
-

•

39
39

•
-

1
1
-

•
-

-

-

36
19
17

26
20

55
32
23

12
8
4

14
13
1

4
3
1

24
24

.
-

6

36
25
11

-

3
3
-

1

8

8

6

46
5

9

5

8

5

6

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

7

8

4

3

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS

C

-------------------------------------------------

109

3 8 .0

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 - 2 3 1 .5 0

-

2 3 0 .0 0

“

8
2
6

9
8
1

11

*

30

27

3

5

11

31

2

-

.

4

-

8
4

14
11

4
3

3
3

4
4

1
1

•

•

•

•

40 at $ 4 4 0 to $ 4 8 0 ;

2 2 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 9 . CO

18 at $ 48 0 to $ 5 2 0 ; and 2 at $ 5 2 0 to $ 5 6 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




1

-

5

vLA j j

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

2 4 7 .5 0 - 3 1 1 .0 0

-

U K A r 1C K i j
.

26

-

-

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------- --------------------------

-

-

23^ #0 0 2 3 3 * 0 0

-

1
1

1 9 4 .5 0 - 2 2 4 .5 0

-

-

1

2 0 3 .0 0

5

-

-

-

-

Table A -3 . Average w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in W estch ester C ounty, N .Y ,, M a y 1976
S ex,

3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
hours
[standard)

*

W eek ly
earn in gs1
(standard)

HEN
$
1 2 0 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS At

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
w o ik e n

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMENr-CONTINUEO

Number
of
workeis

N um ber
W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

-

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

_____

[COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

W
OMEN

_____

o pe rato r- r e c e p t io n is t s -

SECRETARIES? CLASS C

._

vLAbb

275

3 6 .5

O

122

3 8 .5

1 3 4 .5 0

33

229
141
88

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0

166

404
135
269

2 8 8 .0 0
^ 7 6 . _>0

3 6 .0
3 7 .5

1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

3 6 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

632
414
218

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 8 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0

805
627

3 6 .5
3 6 .0

2 0 9 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

3 6 .0
3 6 .5

1 7 8 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

73

1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

293
253
40

36 0 1 7 1 .0 0
3 6 * 0 1 7 2 .0 0
3 6 .0 1 6 4 .5 0

203

3 6 .0
3 6 .0

NONMANUFACTURING

36 •
0
38*0 2 4 0 .5 0
38 • 2 3 4 .0 0
5

2 1 2 .5 0
2 2 0 .00

, ,_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

170
80

t y p is t s ,

3 7 .0
3 7 .5

309

1 d i U u K M r I 1L K j f

3 7 . D 1 8 5 lo S
1 8 9 .0 0

125

3 6 .5

class

a

vL

g

|j

f

2 8 2 .0 0
34

2 5 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

3 2 5 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

1 7 2 .0 0
.

MEN

CLASS A

106
f

39.0

55

ml

r 0

........ ... T u r r e i

309 00

JO.O
i 1L l

_

21

1 4 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

U

----------------------------------------------------

OCCUPATIONS i

_

1 UK

27
1Tr

JbbtbO

35

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

749
405
344

-----------------------

n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

_

JiHoUU
s w it c h b o a r d

—

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

- , __ ^„

lt6 2 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
1 1 8 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU SIN E SS) »
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

of

w o ik e n

LLH sjj

J

3G '■ 1 5 5 .0 0
*

J
____

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




4 2 9 .0 0

6

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in W estch ester C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1976
4
$
4 .8 0

1
4 . 9 0 5 .0 0

$
5 .1 0

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
s
S
$
S
S
S
5
S
1
1
5 .2 0 5 . 30 5 . 4 0 5 .5 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

4 .8 0

Hourly earnings

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5»2 0

5 ,3 0

-

-

-

1
-

7
-

6
6

3
3

S
O ccup ation and industry d iv isio n

of
workers

4 .7 0
M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

S

S

S
7 .2 0

5
S
7 .4 0 7 .6 0

*
7 .8 0

*
8 .0 0

8 .2 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

over

—
*

9
9

*

*

2
*

.

and
under
5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 ,2 0

6 ,4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 ,0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

*

*

-

-

21
21

*

*

3
*

*

-

-

5 . 40 5 ,5 0

27
27

6
6

53
53

21
21

_

_

.

•

*

5
*

.

“

*

-

*

*

32
32

*

3
*

15

26

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

136
134

4
4

-

21
21

-

-

*

6
4

-

“

-

-

-

1
1

A L WR E S
L OKR
M IN E A C C R N R ------------------------A T N N E A PE TE S
M N F C U IN ------------------------------------A UA T R G

54
41

$
6 .2 7
6 .3 0

$
6 .2 0
6 .2 0

$
$
5 . 3 8 - 6 .7 2
5 . 4 8 - 6 .2 0

2
2

M IN E A C ELECTRICIANS -------------------A TNNE
M N F C U IN ------------------------------------A UA T R G

152
141

6 .4 8
6 .4 5

6 .0 3
6 .0 3

5 .9 8 6 .0 3 -

6 .8 9
6 .5 3

*

-

2
2

-

-

-

3
*

-

M IN E A C MACHINISTS---------------------—
A TNNE

55

5 .7 1

5 .6 3

5 .6 3 - 5 .8 7

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

8

M IN E A C M C A IC (M C IN Y) A T N N E E H N S A H ER
M N F C U IN ---------------------A UA T R G

182
178

5 .8 0
5 .7 8

5 .7 7
5 .7 7

5 . 6 1 - 5 .7 7
5 .6 1 - 5 .7 7

*

8
8

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

M IN E A C M C A IC
A TNNE EHN S
(M T R VEH
OO
ICLES) --------------------NN AU C R G
O M N FA TU IN --------- ' ------PU
BLIC UTILITIES ----------------

149
132
125

7 .0 7
7 .0 1
7 . Cl

7 .2 5
7 .1 0
7 .0 1

6 .4 6 6 .4 6 6 .6 1 -

7 .7 0
7 .2 5
7 .2 5

2
-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

6
6
6

*

*

2
1
1

10
10
10

14
14
14

26
26
26

5
5
5

3
3
3

38
38
38

-

12
3
3

1
1
1

18
18
18

8
4
*

75

6 .7 0

6 .8 9

5 .5 7 -

7 .6 5

*

-

-

*

3

2

"

1

21

3

“

4

*

3

*

2

*

*

*

27

2

5

2

STA N RY E G E R
TIO A
N IN E S

-----------------

•

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




7

3

T able A -5 .

Hourly earnings o f m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in W estchester C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —

Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

1
M ean 2

M edian

M id d le range

2

S

1

2 .2 0

Number
o fv

!

2 .^ 0

I

2 .6 0

I

2 .6 0

$

S

3 .0 0

I

5

3 .2 0

S

S

3 .4 0

5

$

3 .6 0

I

$

3 .8 0

I

S

4 .0 0

I

4 .2 0

$

s

$

4 64. 0 0 6 . 4 04 . 6 .8 0
.
0

and
under
2 .4 0

0
7 .2 0 . 6 0
and

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .4 0

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 ,2 0

5.4 Q

5 ,6 0

5 ,8 0

16

15

91
91

1

5 .0 0

1

6 .0 0

6 .4 0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0 over.

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

8
1

1
1

1

12

16

38

133

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER)
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
tT J T n L K

1MAN

1H A lL L 't >

18
1
b n l r r IN w

A *»U

K t L L 1 V 1 I.U

1

14

L L L f 'iV i

174

2 .9 5

2 .9 5 -

78

17

3 .1 9

19
17

51

40

3

1
UKULH

r

1 L L l.K j

*
16

200
130
r V /K ftL 1 r 1

4 I 33-

4 .5 2
5 .7 6

5 .3 0 -

4 .8 1
6 .8 9

86

17

2 .5 0 - 2 .9 5
C•
L • 2^

8

16

12

24

14

32

38

69
65

10

30

18
1

1
1

1

1

1

39

4j

1
1

U r t i'H 1U K i

1

1
1

0

48
27

1 * 274
2 .3 4 -

3 .0 0

5 .2 4 -

3 .7 5

52

77

11

18
9

6 .6 9

2 .5 4 -

151

Q
0

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ------

2 ,7 2 4

1

3 .0 0

203

571

198

106

620

r iU n m A IN U r A L 1 U K l r v j

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

50 at $ 8 to $ 8 .4 0 ; and 14 at $ 8 .8 0 to $ 9 .2 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




8

246

79

233

3 .2 3

13
1

GUARDS*
85

1

70

85

16
10

392
177
215

1

9

19

2

1

10

71

*

30

10

4

1

1
1

5

80

6

-

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1976
S ex,

3

Number
of
workers

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

m a t e r ia l

movement

OCCUPATIONS 54

Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

and

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

c u s t o d ia l

MEN— CONTINUED

$
6 .2 7

$
3* 14
5 .0 0

c l A I N 1Li iAHv C-

141
. . T . _______ _

6 48
6 .4 5
5 .4 9

,,,r
■ H l r r X it w
j

(MACHINERY)

-

182
178

5 .8 0
5 .7 8

125

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

r Mbit L n J

" " " " ® 11
r

®B* ■■■■■

™A 1 l n i A L

n Ml ’t U u 1 n ib

L A o U H tr'i

" " " 1"

7 .0 1

■

t n U | U V L ' >1 v L C j i
K
r ur<r\L x r

1

U* t ' ' A

1 UKj

_
u" 1

■ mm

"*"

40
•

0
1 '■*36
X u
1 .0 8 6

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

GUARDS:
82

----------------------------------------------------------------

595

5 .7 7

229

TRUCKDRIVERS

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS

5 .5 9

2 .1 8 4

3 .3 0

6*82

--------

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
I v i Ty » it

1 M AN

1HA 1

.

3 .0 5
03
K t v u I V I I yw

ULu K* j

JANITORS. PORTERS* AND CLEANERS

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

9

—

540

2 .9 3

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Westchester County, N.Y., for selected periods
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
(m e n and w o m e n com b in ed )

M ay 1975 to M ay 1976

A ll in d u s tr ie s :

6.2
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ___ ________ __ _____ ________ ___
In d u s tria l n u r s e s _______________________________ _________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s ________________________ ______ ______

7.3
7.4

6.2
7.3

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

6.9
5.3

8.4
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s ___________

________

________

..

5.6
6.4

„

N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l!---------------------- ----------------------------- — — — — —
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s ___________

_______________

____________

U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ____________________________

*

..

5.2
*
*
*
7.7

___

_____________

Data d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

Footnotes1
4
*
1
Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e
to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.

s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r em iu m r a te s )
'

and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s o o n d
&

r

, , \ fThe m ean i s co rn Puted f o r e a ch i ° b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv ey ed r e c e iv e m o r e
and h alf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese r a te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the h igh er rate
E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose se x id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p r em iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .




10

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l ­
le c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and t e le p h o n e
in t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e
b c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
S epa­
r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s da ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n o t id e n t i fie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t i fie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in da ta f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n o t sh ow n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s having* f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d a ta
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e r o u n d e d
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ifi c a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifi e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e th a n s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s i s
s e le c t e d .
W h en d a ta are c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e ou t o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a t io n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u it a b le s u b s titu te i s a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th a t is s i m i l a r t o th e m i s s i n g u n it.
O c c u p a t io n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
an d p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a t io n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll
i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and 1
2
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




11

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Su ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in am a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh o w n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in ^ th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and th u s c o n t r ib u t e
d if f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e d a ta a r e
a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at th e b o t t o m
o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :
C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , a nd C

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n
a nd w o m e n ) :
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as fo llo w s :

a r e co m p u te d

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d to c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n ):

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— C o n tin u e d

S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
O rd er c le r k s

A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A an d B
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g - m a c h ine
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E a c h o c c u p a t io n i s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in- th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base y e a r.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a tes.
W h en th e t im e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s , a n n u a l
r a te s a r e sh ow n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d
b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a
grou p a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he re s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , Jan u ary 1973, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u lle t in .
I n fo r ­
m a t io n f o r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e ta b u ­
la t io n s on m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 1

M in im um
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s co p e
o f study

TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
o t he r PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------------------------r e t a i l t r a d e 5 -------------------------------------------- ------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l ESTATE
-------------SERVICES5 6------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e of study 3

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

343

ALL DIVISIONS ----- ----------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------- ---------- -----------------------------

N um ber o f es ta b lis h m e n ts

100
•

91

90,249

100

52,705

118
225

26
65

40,892
49,357

45
55

23,171
29,534

10,423
9,403
12,037
6,783
10,711

12
10

9,903
4,643
6,938
2,992
5,058

100

12

8

50

58
34
44
71

14

100
50
50

11
7
25

13

8
12

1 T he 1967 e d ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
2 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 es ta b lis h m e n t.
3 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t (w ithin the area) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tion .
4 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e exclu d ed .
5 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s . S ep a ra te p res en ta tion o f data is not m ade fo r
on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d es ig n e d in itia lly to p e rm it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al esta b lish m en t data.
6 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




13

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p rep a red for other p u rp os es .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

SEC R E T A R Y— C o n t i n u e d

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a i n s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
sup ervisor.
W o rk s fa i r ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f deta iled
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a nd s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f fic e rou tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu sion s

a . R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s t o the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in structed;
d.

E stablish es,
M a i n t a i n s th e

and r e v i s e s th e

s u p e r v is o r 's

R elays m e s s a g e s

e.
o t h e r s f o r the
accuracy;
f.

m a in ta in s,

from

s u p e rv is o r's

files;

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s

s u p e r v i s o r to

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as follow s:
a. P o s i t i o n s
d escrib ed above;

as

b.

subordinates;

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
sional,
s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c

P erform s

do

n ot

m eet

th e

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

c . S te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f f i c e
tech n ical, or m a n a g e ria l p e r so n s ;

d u ties;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p i n g w o r k .




w hich

B e g i n n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r t o p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o i n g s o m i g h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s t o th e
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

14

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e f le c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

C lass

C

e.
A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o sitio n s w hich
r e s p o n s ib le te ch n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e r v is o r y ,
d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in volve m o r e difficult o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecia lized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d i n t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2 . S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5, 000
iden tify such p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s sista n t, sk illed techn icia n, o r ex p e rt.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 2 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M ay a lso type f r o m w ritten c o p y .
May operate fr o m a steno­
gra p hic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if p r i m a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
NOTE:
T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d escrib e d

3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r c o rp o r a tio n w id e fun ction al a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e tc.) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .




secretary

jo b

d efin itio n .

Stenographer, General

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than th e c h a i r m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in t h e

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m aintain file s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g r a p h e r. S en ior

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain fi l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g fo llo w u p . f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
routine q u e s tio n s , etc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IST

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e
v o c a b u la r y fr o m tran sc rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ictation in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as leg a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s operating a telephone
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o type o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
( ty p in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O pera tor-R eception ist.

TY PIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h av e b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay include
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g ,
s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
G la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c l e a r
o r s e t t in g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le standard tabu lation s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FIL E C LE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n the b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A .
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m ber o f v a rie d su b je ct m a tter f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(su b je c t m a t te r ) h ead ings o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by fin er subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
related c le r ic a l tasks
r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alph a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th at r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .




SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o rk in v o lv e s
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e rso n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b oth as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
such du ties as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g nature o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e p h o n e and
appointm en t; k eep in g a log o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il,
phone, o r p e rso n a lly .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
a nd d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e th at t h e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
ACCOU N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a nk a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes of r e p o r t s , lis ts , c a lc u la tio n s , posting,
e t c .; o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d t o h av e a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

basis

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou nting t r a n s ­
a ction s, s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou nting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R

C lass B .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta iled in s t r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p o stin g to ledger.s, c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

O p e ra te s a k eypun ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic a n d / o r
n u m e r i c da ta o n t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y han d.
C lass B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
set of r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g little k n ow led ge of b a s ic b oo k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u nder m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tion , ex p en se distrib u tion , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc .
May ch eck or assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
M ACH INE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r th an an
ord in a ry o r ele ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (com b in a tion
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The op e r a tio n usually in v o lv e s a la r g e n um ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ook k eepin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a ccou nts r e c e iv a b le o peration .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a c h in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a know led ge o f b o o k ­
k eepin g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O L L CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d a t a on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D uties in v o lv e :
Calculating w o r k e r s ' ea rn ings
b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da t a on p a y r o l l
sh eet, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g d a y s, t im e , ra te ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
calcu latin g m a ch in e.




P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be k eyp un ched f r o m a v a r ie t y of s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B .
W o r k i s r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e su p erv ision
o r follow ing s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in stru ctio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u r& e n ts w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lil^ le o r n o
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s arisin g fr o m e rr o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a l c u ­
la to r, c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r te r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc.
E xcluded fr o m
this definition a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a t o r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a ccou n tin g m a c h in e equ ip m en t.
Positions
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v is in g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l p a n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp e cific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
t i n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d ifficu lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
U nder s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s sim p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in dividual so rtin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a tio n s .
May p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SINE SS— C o n t in u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r so lvin g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelop s a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d dig ital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

C lass C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a ctiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s analysis w ork .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS
C o n v e rts statem ents o f bu sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p re p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in t o the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f da ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f c o m p u te r ca p a b ilitie s , m a t h e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
if t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y.)

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C lass A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly sis .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tpu t d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , ^ d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e da t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f da t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m en d ation s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a in in g
equip m en t.

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e n j s .
For

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

lev el system s

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp ut d a t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e da t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lied .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da t a e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f internal p r o c e s s in g actions m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a e l e m e n t s t o f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

analysts

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

18

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

C la ss B .
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da t a in t w o
o r th ree va ried sequen ces or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input d a t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u es.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in dependently p e r fo r m in g l e s s difficult task s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M ay guide o r in st r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C .
M akes p r a c tic a l application s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s sig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B .
O p e r a t e s in depen den tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t le o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r .
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b ility to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y h as
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re co m m e n d m in o r design ch an ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C om p le te d w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay eith er p r e p a r e draw in gs o r d ir e c t th e ir pre p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d rafters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
re g u la rly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a re s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p o sitio n a l re la tio n sh ip s betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a building in clud ing d e ta il d raw in g s o f fou n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is ch eck ed f o r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e unit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , m anufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d raw in gs p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th ree d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid a tes details fro m a num ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e when a ssig n m e n ts
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c i n g lim it e d , t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

A N D /O R

W ork is

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d 'd u r i n g p r o g r e s s .

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N

C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; a nd ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s a nd t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s an d w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t in e t a s k s in w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s s u c h
ta sk s a s:
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s a s
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o th at w o r k e r c a n
a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c l u d e s , but i£ n ot lim it e d
t o , th e f o llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ) , (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s a nd t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h av e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , b u t i s g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h e n n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE

o f th e f o llo w in g

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id t o th e i l l o r
i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; a nd r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
an d e x p e r i e n c e .




20

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s suph a s th e i n s t a l ­
la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t ; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m in g
r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u ch h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a nd m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
a nd t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay" m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk
i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a nd m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .

21

I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :' L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and f a s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a l l a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
f it t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a nd c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g a nd b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a nd in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e th a t a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g
ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r w r it te n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a l l o y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g
v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u s in g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o l s and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m ­
p li c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a ll c u ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g t a b le s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k to be m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s d u r in g m a c h in in g
o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to
s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in c lu d e
sh op s.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g d stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r ' e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a l s o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an on e e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r
s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R — C o n tin u e d

T R U C K D R IV E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s s u ch a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
ord er.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r 1 V2 to n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k (1 V2 to and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

22

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R ---- C o n tin u e d

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r if y in g o r d i r e c t i n g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
W AREH OUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g a nd r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
O R D ER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o rk r e q u i r e s th e p la c i n g o f it e m s in




23

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
tru ck ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
as fo llo w s :

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M ak es rou nd s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
a nd o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r u se in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct
ava ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
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O
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G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
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H
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
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A
K
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K n o x v ille , Tenn.
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A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill be

Logan sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.— el.
D
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
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M a n s fie ld , O hio
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M cA lle n —P h arr^-E dinburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls —G ra nts P a s s , O re g .
K
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D
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R
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Idaho F a lls , Idaho
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Stockton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T ex.
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iowa
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.— d.
M

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in e e r in g t e c h n icia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as B L S B u lletin 1891, N ational S u rvey o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r ic a l P a y , M a rch 197 5. $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fi c e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts, U.S. G ov e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.







Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below . A d irectory of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased from any o f the BLS regional offices shown
on the back cov er o r from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C. 20402
A rea
A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1975_____________________________________________
A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1_____________________
A n aheim —
Santa A n a -G a r d e n G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 19 7 5 1___________
A tlanta, G a „
M ay
1976___________________________________________
A u stin , T e x .,
D e c . 1 97 51 _________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 19 7 5 1 ________________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., J u ly 1976___________________________________________
B ingh am ton , N .Y ^ P a ., J u ly 1975 __________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1976*______________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct.
1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________
C anton, O h io, M ay
1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
C h attanooga, T e n n ^ G a ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1976______________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io -K y .—Ind., M a r . 19 7 6 ______________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975____________________ ____________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1976____________________________________
D a ll a s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Island— o lin e , I o w a -I ll., F e b . 1976____________
R
M
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1975_____________________________________________
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g. 1976____________________________________
D enver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 197 5_________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1976*__________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
H
B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r. 197 6__________________________ ___________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1 97 6___________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975________________ __ _____________________
G re e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 19761________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m -H ig h P o in t, N .C ., A ug. 197 5 _______
W
G re e n v ille — pa rtan bu rg, S .C ., June 1976 1________________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1 97 6____________________________________ ____
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 197 6____________________________________________
H u n tsv ille , A la ., F e b . 1976 _________________________________________
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * _______________________________________
J a ck s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1976___________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1975_______________________________________
K a n sa s C ity , M o r -K a n s „ Sept. 197 5_______________________________
L exin gton — a y e tte , K y ., N ov. 1 9 7 5 1________________________________
F
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________
L o u is v ille , K y,—Ind., N o v. 1 97 5_____________________________________
M e lb o u rn e — it u s v ille — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 197 5___ _________________
T
C
M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k ,— is s ., N o v . 1975___________________________
A
M

Prices are determ in ed by the G overnm ent Printing O ffic e and are su bject to change.
Data on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

Bulletin number
and p rice *
1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,

45 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 cen ts
55 ce n ts
85 cen ts
$1.05
75 cen ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 ce n ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
55 cen ts
45 ce n ts
45 cents
75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5

1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
190 0 -2 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 cents
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 ce n ts
95 cen ts
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
80 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________
M ilw au k ee, W is ., A p r . 19 7 6 ____________________ ____________________
M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan . 1976_____________________
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1976___________________________________
N ew ark, N .J ., Jan . 197 6_____________________________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan . 19 7 6 __ ___ __ ___________ ________________ __
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ^ -N .J ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________
N o rfo lk — ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r t s m o u t h , V a.— .C ., M ay 1 9 7 6 1_____
V
N
N o rfo lk — ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r t s m o u t h and N ew p ort N ew s—
V
H am pton, V a,— .C ., M ay 1 9 7 6 * ______________ _
N
________________
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1976_______ ___ _____________________
O k la h om a C ity, O k la ., A u g .] 1976__________________ __ _____________
O m aha, N e b r,—Iow a, O ct. 1975______________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i ft o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1976_______________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ,— .J ., N ov. 197 5_________________________________
N
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________
P o r tla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1975________________________ _________ _
P o r tla n d , O r e g ^ W a s h ., M ay 197 5_________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie -K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 1_ _ ________
P r o v id e n c e -W a r w ic k —P a w tu ck et, R . I .- M a s s ., June 1976________
R a le ig h — u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1 97 6 _________________________________
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1976___________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o ^ r n ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 197 5____________________ ________
Saginaw , M ic h ., N ov. 197 5__________________________________________
Salt L a ke City— gden, Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________
O
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1976________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1975________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 197 6_________________________
O
San J o s e , Cad if., M a r . 1976_________________________________________
S e a t t le -E v e r e t t, W a sh ., Jan . 1 97 6_________________________________
South B en d, Ind., M a r . 197 6________________________________________
S ta m fo rd , C o n n ., M ay 197 6*________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1976___________________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1976______________________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 1______________________________________
W ash in gton , D .C ,-M d ,— a ., M a r . 1976____________________________
V
W e s t c h e s te r C ou nty, N .Y ., M ay! 1976_______________ ,,
______
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1976___________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1 97 6______________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19 7 6 ________________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p rice *
18 5 0 -7 6 ,
190 0 -2 2 ,
1 90 0-3 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 5 ,
190 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
18 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

95 cen ts
85 cen ts
95 cen ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 cen ts

1 9 0 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 2 ,
1 85 0-5 6,
1 90 0-3 8,
185 0 -6 5 ,
19 0 0 -1 ,
185 0 -7 2 ,
185 0 -4 0 ,
1 85 0-7 0,
1 85 0-6 8,
1 9 0 0 -3 1 ,
1 90 0-1 8,
1 9 0 0 -3 4 ,
19 0 0 -1 9 ,
1 85 0-8 7,
18 5 0 -7 1 ,
185 0 -7 4 ,
19 0 0 -2 3 ,
18 5 0 -7 7 ,
1 90 0-9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 90 0-5 ,
1 90 0-4 0,
190 0 -4 4 ,
190 0 -2 4 ,
1 85 0-6 0,
18 5 0 -4 8 ,
19 0 0 -1 2 ,
19 0 0 -4 6 ,
19 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 90 0-1 6,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

85 cen ts
65 cents
55 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
75 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5
45 cen ts
35 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cents
55 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cents
55 cen ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g io n I

R e g io n II

R e g io n I I I

R e g io n IV

1 6 0 3 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

3 5 3 5 M a rk e t S tre e t,
P .O . B o x 1 3 3 09
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )

S u ite 5 4 0
1371 P e a c h tre e S t., N .E .
A t la n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P h o n e : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C o d e 4 0 4 )

C o n n e c t ic u t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N e w H a m p s h ir e
R h o d e I s la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w J e rs e y
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in I s la n d s

D e la w a re
D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W e s t V ir g in ia

A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o r g ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a r o lin a
S o u th C a r o lin a
Tennessee

R e g io n V
9 th F lo o r, 2 3 0 S. D e a rb o rn S t.
C h ic a g o , III. 6 0 6 0 4
P h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )

Illinois
In d ia n a

Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




R e g io n V I

R e g io n s V I I a n d V I I I

R e g io n s IX a n d X

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iff in S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s , T e x. 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d e ra l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 1 5 th F lo o r
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
S a n F ra n c is c o , C a lif . 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

V II
Io w a
K ansas
M is s o u r i
N e b ra s k a

IX
A r iz o n a
C a lif o r n ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

V III
C o lo r a d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

X
A la s k a
Id a h o
O re g o n
W a s h in g to n


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102