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Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-75
U.S. Department of Labor




Seattle—Everett, Washington,
Metropol itan Area, December 1977

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a December 1977 survey of occu­
pational earnings in the Seattle—
Ever ett, Washington, Standard Metropolitan
Statistical A rea. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics' annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the
Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, C alif., under the general direction
of Milton Keenan, Assistant Regional Com missioner for Operations. The
survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many
firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical
information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appre­
ciation for the cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit




the Bureau of
publication.

Labor

Statistics

and cite

the name

and

number of

this

Note:
A report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage pro­
visions in the Seattle—
Everett area is available for the banking industry
(December 197 6). A lso available are listings of union wage rates for
building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local
truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of
these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover
for addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Seattle—Everett, Washington,
Metropolitan Area, December 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

March 1978
Bulletin 1950-75

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------

2

Tables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office
workers-------------------------------------------3
A -2 . Weekly earnings of profes­
sional and technical w orkers-------- 6
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by sex------------------ 8
A -4 . Hourly earnings of mainte­
nance, toolroom, and
9
powerplant w orkers-----------------------A -5 . Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial
A -6 .

A -7 .




Percent increases in average
hourly earnings,adjusted for
employment shifts, for se ­
lected occupational groups------------ 13

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material move­
ment, and custodial workers,

Scope and method of su rvey------------ 15
Occupational descriptions---------------- 18

Introduction
This area is 1 of 74 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau
of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related
benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational
earnings data (A -series tables) are collected annually. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B -series tables) is
obtained every third year. This report has no B -se r ie s tables.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and
regional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.

A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including
wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.




A -se r ie s tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A -8 through A - 13 provide sim ilar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or m ore.
Table A - 7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings
of office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled
maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers
employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to
warrant separate presentation.
This table provides a measure of wage
trends after elinimation of changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A.
Appendixes
Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area
wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey.
Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field econo­
mists to classify workers by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle— Everett, Wash., December 1977
Weekly earnings
(tn
s a dard)
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
worker.

$
100

hours 1

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f
4

Average
weekly
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$
110

4

t

~ i----------- s

$

4

$

4

$

4

4

4

$

4

4

4

4

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

24 U

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

over

5

48

144

202

5

33
1

53
5

3

10

6

8

10

8

15

-

5

20

25

8

12

6

-

-

_

2

-

15

4

6

-

-

-

9

3

-

-

2
~

2
-

-

2

6

1

and
under
110

and

120

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ----------MANUFACTURING ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ---SECRETARIES. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING -PUBLIC UTILITIES

2 .5 8 1

4 0 .0

$
2 3 5 .0 0

$
2 3 5 .0 0

$
$
1 9 9 .5 0 -2 7 1 .0 0

-

-

1 .1 0 2

4 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 5 9 .0 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

-

-

1 .4 7 9

4 0 .0

2 2 2 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

268

3 9 .5

2 5 4 .0 0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 2 6 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

-

156

4 0 .0

2 0 1 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 3 5 .0 0

“

73

3 9 .5

2 6 6 .5 0

2 5 0 .5 0

2 0 9 .5 0 -3 2 5 .5 0

-

21

4 0 .0

2 3 4 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

3 9 .5

2 7 9 .5 0

2 7 6 .0 0

2 4 5 .0 0 -3 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

52

15
15

-

4
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

3 9 .5

3 1 3 .5 0

3 2 5 .5 0

3 1 3 .5 0 -3 4 3 .0 0

"

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8
NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES -

473

3 9 .5

2 6 3 .5 0

2 8 2 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 -3 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----NONhANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES -

448

4 0 .0

2 3 5 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0

-

-

74

4 0 .0

2 3 5 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 9 5 .6 0 -2 4 8 .0 0

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS D
NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES SECRETARIES. CLASS E
NONMANUFACTURINS -

247

3 9 .0

2 4 6 .5 0

2 3 5 .5 0

2 0 7 .5 0 -2 8 6 .5 0

52

3 9 .0

2 6 4 .0 0

2 6 2 .5 0

-

374

4 0 .0

2 3 4 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

2 0 9 .5 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 6 8 .5 0

2 6 1 .0 0

2 4 6 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

-

-

301

135

19

44

45

156

200

244

168

106

5

1

2

1

101

100

157

249

138

89

133

29

52

10

53

36

46

29

9

31

9

-

-

12

15

10

10

2

-

1

-

-

1
-

5
-

1 1

1

1

9
-

_

3

13
2

4
-

-

3

11

4

1

5

10

9

-

i
-

1

3

-

1

2

10

9

-

-

15
-

120

405

-

-

-

1

“

-

1 3

6

29

11

22

15

63

28

-

6

1

26

11

22

14

55

18

-

-

1

2

5

3

3

3

-

i

14

16

48

19

68

82

59

36

-

-

173

5

-

1

4

17

1

7

22

6

4

1

46

57

11

2

_

1

_

96

121

22

22

30

21

21

-

-

-

13

15

7

-

-

-

-

52

6

23

1

1

_

3

5

2

1

1

-

1

13

12

31

18

61

60

53

34

49

1

21

-

-

-

-

5

5

1

1

1

1

9

28

24

11

-

21

*

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 2 4 .5 0

2 2 6 .0 0

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

35

36

26

109

94

31

38

66

101

83

139

139

i

i

_

_

_

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

20

35

26

61

76

29

34

58

83

19

12

43

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

5

3

4

4

4

39

2

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

8

18

26

37

27

20

45

40

133

141

95

3

-

-

-

-

_

5

8

18

26

30

27

20

15

14

28

23

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
7

7

24

31

25
5

96
33

16
13

37
36

_

_

_

26

39
7

_

2 1

69
14

69

5

14
5

69

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

5

1

2

4

4

22

13

12

31

-

-

-

-

-

75

4 0 .0

2 1 o .0 0

2 2 6 .0 0

2 0 0 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

"

598

4 0 .0

2 2 4 .5 0

2 3 1 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

-

-

1 9 5 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

-

“

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 8 1 .5 0

-

-

253

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0

94

4 0 .0

2 5 0 .5 0

2 5 3 .5 0

2 2 9 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES -

311

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

-

126

2 1 2 .5 0

1 9 8 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0

-

57

4 0 .0

{2 5 8 .5 0

2 8 1 .5 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -2 8 4 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ----

137

4 0 .0

2 4 1 .0 0

2 5 3 .5 0

2 0 0 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

-

2 1 2 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0

12
12

“

127

4 0 .0

2 4 5 .5 0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

216

3 9 .0

1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

213
29

3 9 .0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

2 3 4 .5 0

2 6 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 8 4 .5 0

TYPISTS ------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

751

3 9 .5

1 6 4 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

9

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

4

31

11

60

35

25

70

~

7

5

2

26

3

9

5

6

8

31

"

-

-

5

1

1

2

5
4

7

-

-

6

7

31

-

-

1

1

20

-

3

9

4

_

26

7

26

38

-

19

-

2

5

2

-

26

7

28

38

-

2
2

11

10

58

31

55

10

16

3

_

11
4

10

58

31

55

10

14

2

i
1

-

_
_

10
10

9
9

1

-

3

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

10

9

148

62

75

64

29

16

41

24

7

_

12
12

-

*

*

-

“

~
21

113

92

9

9

31

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

_

.
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

i

_

-

_

_
-

77

4 0 .0

1 B 4 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

-

-

38
-

-

1

23

11

20

9

3

1

2

-

-

i

-

-

-

674

3 9 .5

1 6 2 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

9

21

38

148

61

74

90

81

44

20

13

10

36

22

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

157

3 9 .5

1 7 7 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0

-

8

6

4

6

6

24

43

30

6

8

5

4

-

6

_

1

_

_

_

_

136

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 6 4 .J O -1 8 8 .50

“

a

6

4

6

6

24

39

17

6

5

5

4

-

6

-

-

-

-

“

-

476

3 9 . U !l 5 6 . 0 0
4 0 .0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 4 8 .5 3

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

9

32

1 43

46

63

18

5

1

32

7

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

23

29
7

26

1 7 0 .5 0

51
1

7

9

-

1

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

9

13

32

143

50

45

4 0

22

19

9

5

2 7

5

i

56
420

1 5 3 .0 3

13

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




333

25
148

699

4 0 .0

nonmanufacturing

338

63

496

4 0 .0

TYPISTS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

170
107

-

-

-

15

-

102

220

TYPISTS. CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING

67
7
60

“

448

STENOGRAPHERS -------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -PUBLIC UTILITIES

1

-

-

2 3 3 .0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

54

15

3

1

1

ii

D

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
NumWi
of
w
oricers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

s

Average

$

%

$

$

s

%

s

s

s

s

*

$

$

$

s

s

S

$

s

%

11 0

120

130

14 0

15 0

16 0

17 0

18 0

190

200

210

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

36 0

38 0

110

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

120

130

1 40

150

160

17 0

18 0

19 0

20 0

210

22 0

240

260

28 0

30 0

3 20

340

36 0

38 0

over

18
18

179
179

176
176

128
122

56
54

37
34

32
29

15
14

22 6
70

268
28

175
35

109
15

215
32

61
1

25

-

11

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

100
(standard)

Mean 2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range 2

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
FILE CLERKS ------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------

1.720
8 07

3 9 .5
39 .0

$
17 9.50
14 5.50

$
18 8.00
13 2.50

$
$
1 3 2 .50 -2 08.0 0
1 2 0 .00 -1 66.5 0

~

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

“

FILE CLERKS. CLASS a :
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

80

3 9 .5

19 8.50

200.50

1 8 8 .00 -2 11.5 0

-

-

1

-

6

-

-

4

10

13

25

FILE CLERKS. CLASS 6 -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

532
279

39 .5
38 .5

172.00
14 7.50

187.00
136.00

1 3 4 .50 -1 87.0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 7 2 .50

“

33
33

88
88

35
35

15
15

15
12

24
21

9
8

201
45

48
14

11
6

11
-

5
2

28
-

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

45 4
448

3 9 .0
39 .0

13 5.00
13 5.00

123.00
121.50

1 1 4 .00 -1 38.0 0
1 1 4 .00 -1 38.0 0

18
18

146
146

87
87

93
87

33
33

22
22

8
8

2
2

15
15

i
i

4
4

4
4

20
20

1
1

MESSENGERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

30 0
57
243

39 .5
40 .0
3 9 .5

15 2.50
16 4.50
1 4 9.50

147.00
149.50
138.00

1 3 0 .00 -1 68.5 0
14 9.5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .50 -1 63.5 0

25
25

16
2
14

29
2
27

66
66

61
30
31

15
15

14
14

8
8

20
19
1

22
2
20

2
2

_
-

4
4

_
-

-

ia
2
16

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

152
134

39 .5
39 .5

1 6 7.50
1 6 0.00

153.50
151.00

1 3 8 .00 -1 84.5 0
13 8.0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

-

1
1

13
13

28
28

8
8

48
48

-

6
6

16
12

-

3
3

15
2

2
2

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

_

“

7
6

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERAT O k - RE CE P T10NI STS
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

43 0
130
300

4 0 .0
40 .0
39 .5

16 6.50
16 4.00
16 8.00

150.00
161.00
149.50

1 3 8 .00 -1 84.0 0
1 3 8 .00 -1 74.5 0
1 3 8 .00 -1 84.0 0

-

6
6

72
29
43

59
8
51

72
14
58

28
11
17

27
19
8

28
18
10

55
5
50

21
16
5

12
12

1
i

10
10

9
9

28
1
27

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

ORDER

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

214.00
1 8 7.50
226.00

184.00
184.00
224.50

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 6 4 .50
1 6 7 .00 -1 85.0 0
1 5 5 .50 -3 09.0 0

-

MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

328
102
226

-

_
-

20
1
19

32
3
29

16
16

51
15
36

32
30
2

13
3
10

6
3
3

3
3

10
10

24
13
11

30
3
27

4
3
1

46
46

19
19

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

177
134

40 .0
40 .0

247.50
264.00

264.50
270.00

1 8 4 .00 -3 09.0 0
2 2 4.50 -3 09.0 0

-

-

-

-

37
22

22
“

10
10

-

-

27
24

19
19

-

_

-

46
46

-

-

5
5

3

“

8
b

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

151
59
92

40 .0
40 .0
4 J .O

17 5.00
1 8 1.50
1 7 1.00

161.00
16 7.00
155.50

1 4 9 .50 -1 84.0 0
1 5 9 .50 -2 02.5 0
1 4 9 .50 -1 76.0 0

-

10
8
2

3
3

6
3
3

3
3

2
2

19
13
6

3
-

i
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------r e t a i l t r a d e ------------------

2.797
437
2t 360
586

3 9 .5
40 .0
3 9 .5
40 .0

18 6.50
19 6.00
1 8 4.50
16 8.50

176.50
18 0.50
176.00
172.50

1 5 3 .00 -2 18.5 0
1 6 4 .00 -2 19.0 0
15 0.00 -2 18.5 0
1 5 0 .00 -1 80.5 0

42
42
42

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1.5 16
193
1.3 1 8
219

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

203.00
21 5.50
20 1.00
18 0.00

190.50
20 9.50
190.00
176.00

1 7 2 .50 -2 43.0 0
1 8 0 .50 -2 40.0 0
1 7 0 .50 -2 43.0 0
17 6.0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1.243
201
1.042
131
367

39 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5
40 .0
40 .0

16 6.00
1 8 0.00
16 3.50
2 1 7.00
16 2.00

155.50
16 3.00
15 4.00
23 4.50
155.50

1 3 8 .00 -1 79.5 0
1 5 2 .00 -1 78.5 0
13 8.00 -1 79.5 0
19 1.00 -2 40.5 0
14 0.5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

42
42
42

5
5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
o p e r a t o r s --NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

70
62

39 .0
39 .0

18 2.00
1 8 0.50

184.00
173.00

1 6 9 .00 -1 87.5 0
1 6 3 .00 -1 87.5 0

-

-

CLERKS

--------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-------------------------------

“

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

22
12
10

20
i
19

32
3
29

16
16
“

14
14

3

i

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

93
4
89
4

213
6
207
41

228
19
2 09
35

263
52
211
93

29 0
55
235
39

380
77
303
168

25 7
50
207
68

148
27
121
26

94
9
85
21

101
36
65
i

15 4
20
13 4
18

402
40
36 2
22

40
14
26
2

44
6
38
1

28
15
13

1
1

2
2
-

-

-

12
4
8
-

-

-

-

77
77
4

82
6
76
5

147
3
144
12

243
33
210
115

192
31
161
50

89
17
72
3

75
9
66
15

82
34
48

80
14
66
8

3 27
22
305
-

38
12
26
2

37
3
34
1

22
9
13
"

10
2
8
“

1
1
-

2
2

~

12
12
4

93
4
89
4

201
6
195
1
37

151
19
1 32
4
31

181
46
135
8
88

13 5
44
91
6
27

127
34
93
5
53

51
5
46
7
18

53
4
49
12
23

19
19
10
6

19
2
17
1
1

74
6
68
40
10

75
18
57
33
22

2
2

6
6

2
2

-

7
3
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

12
12

21
19

6

-

_

11
11

-

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

“

“

-

-

22
12
10

4

15
15

-

-

-

-

”

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977— Continued
W ee kly earnings
(standard)

W

N um ber

$

Ave rag e
weekl y

of w ork ers

re ce iv in g

s

$

%

stra igh t-tim e

S

%

s

w eek ly

s

e a rn in g s

s

$

o f ----

$

$

and

in d u stry d iv isio n

of
workers

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

%

s

110

120

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

110

O ccu p a tion

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

over

1

24

3

22

8

39

38

18

-

-

-

9

2

17

22

11

15

8
14

3

1

5

22

16

100
Middle range 2

Me d ian 2

(standard)

and

and

under

ALL

WORKERS—

CONTINU ED

$
PAYROLL

CLERKS

-----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
PU BLIC
KEYPUNCH

---------------------------

U TILITIE S

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------

------------------------------------

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

179

3 9 .5

2 2 1 .5 0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

45

4 0 .0

2 8 5 .0 0

2 9 3 .5 0

2 3 6 .0 0 -3 2 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1 7 9 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0

A

592

3 9 .5

2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

---------------------------

552

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

2 1 3 .5 0

2 0 8 .5 0

U T IL IT IE S

27

113

8

“

2

“

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

-

-

10

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 0 8 .5 0

-

88

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 4 6 .5 0

-

"

1 5 8 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

-

818
776

3 9 .5

1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 8 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

99

4 0 .0

2 1 1 .5 0

2 0 7 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

106

4 0 .0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

U T IL IT IE S

RETAIL

TRADE

CLASS

---------------------

---------------------------------

end




of

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0

B

PU BLIC

at

4

-

-

1 6 5 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

---------------------------

OPERATORS.

NONM ANUFACTURING

---------------------

1 7 3 .5 0

1

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0

1

1 7 9 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

2 1 2 .5 0

1

-

1 8 5 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

1

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4 0 .0

N ON M ANUFACTU RIN S

$

82

4 0 .0

CLASS

$

1 .4 1 0

109

OPERATORS.

footn otes

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0

187

TRAOE

See

2 0 7 .0 0

---------------------

---------------------------

U TILITIE S

RETAIL

KEYPUNCH

2 1 7 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0

---------------------------------

PU BLIC

PU BLIC

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 .3 2 8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

KEYPUNCH

---------------------

$

289
110

7
-

2

3

-

13

-

4

-

4

-

-

4

-

-

13

46

53

4

_

1

3

-

52

1

52

6

23

16

33

1

-

-

6

~

5

i

~

”

“

~

”

39

28

42

23

41

4

19

23

34

26

42

8

40

19

-

-

-

2

22

4

13

“

21

i
i

-

~

“

”

“

28

36

23

12

-

34

4
2
2

17

28

17

16

12

10

16

12

-

-

-

12

95
11

68

1

7

14

1

54

11
12

6

6

8

16

12

43

76

214

25

10

16

11

211

12

4

39
1

72

“

3

5

5

17

101

96

115

321

43

4
-

17

97

84

112

321

32

8

-

7

~

4

6

4

6

14

1

54

12

8

30
4

5

9

13
13

24

2
51

ta b les.

2

13

22

14
243

2

2

3

11

-

4
393

257

16

25

59

7
15 1

397

36

4
10

59

13

158

14

4
25

32
4

lo g

4

1

29

-

28

117

27

5

21
21

53

75

7

5

_
-

19

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

19

-

~
~

“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

Ave rag e
we ekl y
hours *
(standard)

N um ber of w ork ers

130
M e“

2

Middle range 2

M edian2

ALL

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

500

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

ov er

under

S

$

$

3 3 6 .0 0

2 9 0 .5 0 -3 9 3 .5 0

3

15

22

24

60

75

68

84

47

89

15

25

23

12

40

13

48

3 5 1 .5 0

3 3 6 .5 0

2 9 0 .5 0 -3 9 9 .0 0

3

15

22

24

60

67

62

84

42

85

13

25

22

11

40

13

48

----------------------------------

227

3 9 .0

3 6 6 .5 0

3 5 4 .5 0

3 3 5 .5 0 -3 7 5 .5 0

.

12

2

14

52

41

59

4

16

6

6

_

1

14

-------------------------------------------

219

3 9 .0

3 6 6 .0 0

3 5 3 .5 0

3 3 3 .5 0 -3 7 3 .0 0

-

“

12

2

14

52

38

57

3

16

5

5

~

1

14

----------------------------------

219

3 9 .5

3 0 8 .5 0

299 .0 0

2 8 3 .5 0 -3 2 1 .0 0

_

_

4

5

36

67

51

18

6

21

3

5

2

1

_

_

-------------------------------------------

200

3 9 .5

3 0 8 .0 0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 8 0 .5 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

~

-

4

5

36

59

45

18

4

19

2

5

2

1

“

“

----------------------------------

99

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

3

15

18

19

12

6

3

14

_

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-------------------------------------------

99

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

3

15

18

19

12

6

3

14

-

8

-

-

-

“

-

-

311
291

3 9 .0

3 1 2 .0 0

3 1 2 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0 -3 5 8 .5 0

3

21

18

32

31

39

25

39

25

24

23

3

3 9 .0

3 1 3 .5 0

3 1 3 .0 0

270 .5 0 -3 6 0 .5 0

3

18

27
23

17

32

28

34

25

37

24

24

23

3

1
-

24
-

-

3

-

1

SYSTEMS

$

ANALYSTS

CLASS

SYSTEMS

A

SYSTEMS

B

.
-

ANALYSTS

CLASS

ANALYSTS

CLASS

C

PROGRAMMERS

NONM ANUFACTURING

(B U S IN E S S )

--------

-------------------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

-------------------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

107

3 9 .5

3 2 3 .5 0

3 2 0 .0 0

3 0 0 .5 0 -3 4 4 .0 0

16

28

12

3 9 .5

3 2 3 .0 0

3 2 4 .5 0

2 9 9 .5 0 -3 4 6 .0 0

16

23

12

42

3

7

3
-

3 9 .0

3 1 7 .0 0

3 1 3 .0 0

3 2 1 .0 0

3 2 3 .5 0

2 6 5 .0 0 -3 8 1 .0 0

----------------------------------------------

62b

3 9 .5

2 3 2 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 6 6 .5 0

N O N MA N UF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

581

3 9 .5

2 3 4 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -2 6 8 .5 0

70

3 9 .0

2 6 4 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -2 6 8 .5 0

PU BLIC
COMPUTER

U T IL IT IE S

COMPUTER
PU BLIC

171

3 9 .0

2 7 1 .5 0

2 6 8 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 7 2 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0

55

112

57
54

98

-

-

-

-

-

29

96

26

3

123

21

2 3 0 .5 0 -3 1 5 .0 0

CLASS

A

-------------

323

4 0 .0

-------------------------------------------

291

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0

2 1 8 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 0 .5 0

25

4 0 .0

2 8 1 .5 0

2 4 1 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -3 3 6 .0 0

CLASS

B

-------------------------------------

2 1 8 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 0 .5 0

21

-------------

131

4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 8 1 * 5 0

121

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .4 3 4

4 0 .0

2 6 6 .5 0

2 6 5 .5 0

2 3 1 .0 0 -3 0 8 .5 0

126

152

192

123

208

175

212

227

4 0 .0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 7 2 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

25

14

13

39

17

46

40

152
9

OPERATORS.

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 1 4 .5 0

169

U TILITIE S

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

17
62

27
19

-------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

DRAFTERS

-------------

OPERATORS.

NONM ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

_

-

21

2 5 0 .0 0 -3 8 1 .0 0

3 8 .5

---------------------------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

_

22

168

COMPUTER

_

(B U S IN E S S ).
155

B

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

_

22

100

-------------------------------------------

CLASS

»

(B U S IN E S S ).

---------------------------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

200

3 5 0 .5 0

(B U S IN E S S ).

A

la O

3 9 .0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

CLASS

160

3 9 .0

(B U S IN E S S ).

COMPUTER

150

637

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

COMPUTER

m o

664

(B U S IN E S S ).

COMPUTER

of—

-------------------------------------------

ANALYSTS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
COMPUTER

e a rn in g s

-------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
COMPUTER

w eek ly

WORKERS

SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S !

stra ig h t-tim e

and

140

COMPUTER

receiv in g

CLASS

C

-------------------------------------------

19

2

-------------------------------------

25

4 0 .0

2 8 7 .5 0

2 5 7 .0 0

2 5 6 .0 0 -3 3 6 .0 0

2

4

A

-------------------------------------------

685

4 0 .0

3 0 7 .0 0

3 0 7 .5 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

128

198

148

40

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

62

4 0 .0

3 1 4 .5 0

3 1 7 .0 0

2 9 8 .5 0 -3 3 0 .0 0

16

30

7

-------------------------------------------

418

4 0 .0

2 4 8 .5 0

2 4 4 .0 0

2 3 1 .0 0 -2 6 4 .5 0

31

153

73

4

---------------------------------------------------

308

4 0 .0

2 4 3 .0 0

2 3 6 .5 0

2 3 1 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

24

14 3

59

2

110

4 0 .0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

-

PU BLIC
DRAFTERS.

DRAFTERS.

U T IL IT IE S
CLASS

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

B

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

10

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




6

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

24

-

3

-

-

-

-

b

3

”

1

“

2

“

~

“

2

-

-

“
“

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977— Continued
—

We e k l y earnings
(standard)

Numbe r

N um ber
$

Ave r ag e
we e kl y
hours1
standard)

of w orkers

S

receiving

s

$

straight-time

s

s

$

w eekly

s

earnings

of—

%

$

and industry division
woikers

S

%

s

s

%

$

$

*

*

*

140

150

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

140

Occupation

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

over

~

~

i

22

3

16

11

~

1

-

2

130
Mean2

Me d i an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

and
under

ALL

WORKERS—

CONTINUED

DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED
$
-------------------------------------------

330

4 0 .0

2 0 6 .0 0

$
205.00

$
$
1 8 1 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

-

22

95

14 1

36

26

9

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

54

40*0

2 0 5 .0 0

190.00

1 8 6 .5 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

”

13

18

9

3

8

3

-------------------------------

33a

4 0 .0

2 8 8 .5 0

310.00

2 5 1 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

-

9

35

21

9

27

12

21

148

----------------------------------------------------

130

4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0

220.00

1 9 4 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

“

9

35

21

8

25

5

4

-

B-

240

4 0 .0

2 9 o •00

310.00

2 9 3 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

-

-

-

16

8

20

8

17

148

21

----------------------------------------------------

63

4 0 .0

2 6 7 .5 0

259.00

2 1 9 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

16

7

18

1

-

-

21

50

4 0 .0

309 .0 0

319.00

3 1 2 .0 0 -3 1 9 .0 0

”

~

~

“

9

2

1

30

4

DRAFTERS.

ELECTRONICS

CLASS

TECHNICIANS

MANUFACTURING
ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS.

MANUFACTURING
REGISTERED

See

C

INDUSTRIAL

footnotes

CLASS

NURSES

-----------------

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




7

22

4

”

2

2

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977
Sex, 3 occu p a tion ,

and industry division

(standard)

MEN

84

3 9 .5

$
188.00

--------------------------------------------------

123
10 4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

283.50
288.50

-----------------

100

4 0 .0

293.00

-----------------------------------

57

4 0 .0

87
81

0 0 .0
3 9 .5

176.00
1 6 7 .5U

industry

division

We ekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

Sex, 3 o ccu p ation ,

and

industry division

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

1*311
81
1*230
157
107

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

184.00
199.50
1 8 3.0 0
202.50
179.00

5 36
497

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 00.00
1 9 9.0 0

775
733
91
10<*

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 08.50
1 7 8.0 0

168
161

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 5 7.0 0
35 6.0 0

157

3 9 .5

3 07.00

77
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

331.00

<*13
3 98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

239.50
239.00

209
197

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 23.50
2 22.50

-

87
85

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

223.00
222.00

-

19 9

-

62

-

355
265
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 44.00
269.00

31 9
129

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 40.00

63

4 0 .0

267.50

102
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

209.00
2 1 3 . Ou

170.50

OFFICE

CLERKS

NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

OCCUPATIONS

-

CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING

CLASS

c l e r k s

:

TYPISTS.

CLASS

B

TRADE

:

CLERKS

c l e r k s

,

c l a s s

b

-

-----------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

------------------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS.

OCCUPATIONS

-

WOMEN

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

1$
3 9 .0 156.00
0 0 .0 180.50
3 9 .0 152.50
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

179.00
14 4.0 0

3 9 .5

197.50

A:

m a n u f a c t u r in g

NONMANUFACTURING

UTILITIES

RETAIL

TRADE

KEYPUNCH

-----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

CLERKS.

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

r e t a i l

t r a d e

-----------------------

-----------------------------------

2 » 432
1 1 3 33
266
156

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 3 7.00
225.00
253.50
201.50

FILE

CLERKS.

B

----------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

OPERATORS.

PUBLIC

---------------------

70

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

170.50
142.50

25

3 9 .5

310.50

A

OPERATORS

o p e r a t o r s

,

c l a s s

PUBLIC

---------------------

b

-----------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

UTILITIES
c l a s s

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

c

--------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------PUBLIC
UTILITIES
-----------------------

472
246
52

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

263.50
246.50
264.00

3 84
71
313
10 2

0 0 .0
0 0 .0
0 0 .0
0 3 .0

237.00
235.00
237.50
2 6 8.50

ORDER

CLERKS

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

□

---------------------

------------------------------

UTILITIES

-----------------------

r e t a i l

t r a d e

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

228.50
210.00
216.00

220

Ou.O

00.0
4 0 .0

188.00

B

-------------------------------

4 0 .0
0 0 .0

163.00
162.50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
0 0 .0

1 8 5.0 0
192.50
183.50
168.50

-------------------------------------------

0 0 .0
0 0 .0
0 0 .0

-------------------------------------------------

00.0

202.50
212.00
201.00
178.50

3 9 .5
0 0 .0
3 9 .5
0 0 .0
0 0 .0

165.50
1 76.00
163.00
215.50
163.00

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 82.00
180.50

ORDER

CLERKS.

CLASS

-----------------------------

<*09
218

0 0 .0
0 0 .0

2 1 8 . UO
220.50

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRADE

CLERKS.

MANUFACTURING
TRADE

CLASS

A

-----------------

---------------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-----------------------

CLERKS.

SENIOR

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE
NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------

----------------------------t y p i s t s

-

-----------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

CLASS

27

0 0 .0

232.00

137
127

0 0 .0

20 1.0 0

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

0 0 .0

2 0 5.50

r e t a i l

t r a d e

2 01
198

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 70.50
170.00

MANUFACTURING

7 20
77
603

3 9 .5
0 0 .0
3 9 .5

165.00
180.00
1 63.00

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS

----------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

PAYROLL

B

----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

----------

-------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------

0 0 .0
4 0 .0

-------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

213.00
209.50
215.00

CLASS

-

MEN

A

NONMANUFACTURING
SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS).

CLASS

A

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B

-------------

------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

-

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

-

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING
d r a f t e r s

ORAFTERS.

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

B

----------

NONhANUFACTURING

-

MANUFACTURING
ELECTRONICS

CLASS

A

PROFESSIONAL

------------------------AND

15 0

-----------------------------

1 33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

178.00
176.00

OCCUPATIONS

-

WOMEN

OPERATORS.

REGISTERED

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

284.50*

TECHNICAL

INDUSTRIAL

NURSES

50

o

--------------------------------

314.50
2 50.50

TECHNICIANS*

MANUFACTURING

o

NONMANUFACTURING

2 68.00

A:

NONMANUFACTURING
TYPISTS.

331 . 0 0

:

NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

1 7 2.5 0
1 72.00

TECHNICAL

OCCUPATIONS

COMPUTER
ACCOUNTING

ACCOUNTING

:

UTILITIES

NONMANUFACTURING

TYPISTS

-------------------------------------------

GENERAL:

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

STENOGRAPHERS.

0 0 .0
0 0 .0

-------------------------------

CLASS

RETAIL

PUBLIC

1 66.00
162.00
1 6 8 . Ou

A

CLERKS.

RETAIL

-----------------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

0 0 .0
0 0 .0
3 9 .5

195.00

E:
----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

165.00
1 5 7.0 0

-------------------------------------------

ORDER

ACCOUNTING
STENOGRAPHERS

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

---------------------------------AND

O

CLASS

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

1 3 5.5 0
135•50

172.50
1 72.00
172.50

----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

----------------------

O

818
<*15
75

-------------------------------------------

---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES,

----------------------------------

OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

MANUFACTJRING

NO n M A N U F A C T U R I N G
s e c r e t a r i e s

,
c l a s s
b
----------------------------

u t i l i t i e s

OMPUTER
SWITCHBOARD

:

UTILITIES

C

-------------------------------------------

2 6 0.50

------------------------

CLASS

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

-

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

(BUSINESS).
SWITCHBOARD

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

----------

NONMANUFACTURING

PROFESSIONAL
s e c r e t a r i e s

—

PUBLIC

k e y p u n c h

-------------------------------------------

-------------

PUBLIC
FILE

OFFICE

-------------------------------------------

NO N r l A NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------FILE

a c c o u n t i n g

----------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

NONKANUFACTURING
FILE

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
r e t a i l

A

OCCUPATIONS

WO ME N— C O N T I N U E D

CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING
ORDER

OFFICE

-

WO ME N— C O N T I N U E D
TYPISTS

OROER

and

o

OCCUPATIONS

-----------------------------------------------------

Sex, 3 occu p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

O

OFFICE
CLERKS

FILE

-

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

Weekly

Average
(mean2)

Average
( mean2)

(m «J ]
Number
of

3 09.00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977
Hourly earnings

Occupation and

4

N um ber

6.00

industry division

of w orkers

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

receiving

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

straight-time

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

and

hourly

7 .4 0

earnings

of-

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

6 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .o O l l .0 0 1 1 .4 0 1 1 .8 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0 0 1 1 .4 0 1 1 .8 0 1 2 .2 0

_

under
6 .2 0

ALL
MAINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING

8.16

8 .1 6 -

9 .3 2

72

8.16

8 .1 6 -

8 .1 9

72

----------------------

369

8 .8 9

8 .4 5

8 .3 1 -

9 .2 2

166

----------------------------------------------

304

8 .4 0

8 .4 5

8 .1 9 -

8 .4 5

165

8 .1 6 -

9 .1 6
9 .0 2

1 5
15

----------------------------

158

8 .7 3

8 .5 4

8 .4 5 -

14

34

12

138

8 .7 4

8 .5 4

8 .4 5 -

9.02

(MACHINERY)

656

8 .1 6

8 .19

7 .9 5 -

8 .4 5

-

172

124

168

----------------------------------------------

605

8 .2 4

8 .19

7 .9 5 -

6 .4 5

-

169

124

162

-------------------------------------------

536

8 .5 6

8.35

6 .1 5 -

9.26

42

----------------------------------------------

166

8 .6 5

8.45

8 .2 4 -

9.11

18

m e c h a n ic s

NONrtANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------

TRADES

8 .5 2

8 .26

8 .1 5 -

8 .5 7

8 .26

8 .1 5 -

9.26

-----------------

139

6 .9 7

6 .8 6

6 .8 6 -

7.42

223

7 .64

7 .5 0 -

8.02

7.67

7 .6 4 -

8 .2 8

7 .64

7 .5 0 -

9.42

2

----------------------------------------------------

58

7 .7 1

7 .7 5

6 .9 5 -

8.24

56

7 .7 1

7 .87

6 .9 5 -

8.24

12
12

footnotes

----------------------------------------------

123

47

35

21
102

42

35

92

22

38

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




51

30

2

8 .1 8

90
133

MANUFACTURING

65

13

77

-------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

123

1 10
1 10

9.26

305

-------------------------------

HELPERS

ENGINEERS

TENDERS

370

----------------------------------

UTILITIES

MANUFACTURING

See

----------------------------------

----------------------------------------------

VEHICLES)

MANUFACTURING

BOILER

20

8 .3 9

MECHANICS

MANUFACTURING

MAINTENANCE

7 .6 0

8 .3 4

MACHINISTS

STATIONARY

7 .4 0

111

MAINTENANCE

PUBLIC

7 .2 0

160

PAINTERS

(MOTOR

7 .0 0

----------------------------

ELECTRICIANS

MANUFACTURING

m a in t e n a n c e

6 .8 0

----------------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

6 .6 0

U08KERS

CARPENTERS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

6 .4 0

9

18

15

3

50

8

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber

receiving

straight-tim e

hourly

earnings

of—

Me an 2

Me d i a n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

$

4

5

4

4

4

4

4

s

4

s

*

$

$

%

%

s

s

i

s

2.30

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv isio n
workers

of w orkers

4

Number

2 .4 0

2.60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .20

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5.60

6 .0 0

6.40

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8.40

8.80

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

2 .6 0

2.80

3.00

3 .2 0

3.60

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .80

9.20

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

-

-

i

and

and

under
2.40

ALL
TRUCKSRIVERS

WORKERS

MANUFACTURING

$

8 .5 6

8 .2 0 -

8 .7 1

8 .5 0

8 .2 4 -

9.18

1.955

8 .2 7

8 .5 6

8 .2 0 -

8.65

--------------------------

935

8 .6 1

8 .6 5

8 .5 6 -

8.65

“

TRUCK

---------

108

6 .2 3

6 .5 7

4 .8 5 -

6 .7 9

-

--------------------------------

84

5 .6 8

6.57

4 .2 9 -

6 .7 9

-

--------------------------------------

73

5 .8 8

6 .5 7

6 .0 0 -

6 .7 9

-

--------------------------------

UTILITIES
LIGHT

NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL

$

$
8 .4 3

1.160

-----------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

$

3.115

----------------------------------------------------

TRUCKORIVERS.

TRADE

8.71

-

-

12

-

14

1

1

-

1

22

47

279

73

202

269

50

207

3

5

61

185

132

448

40

29

-

12

-

1

1

-

1

22

44

274

12

17

204

1067

46

240

50
-

*20 7
-

-

14
1

1

“

-

-

-

6

-

1

4

900

22

-

12

-

14

1

1

_

_

12

44

_

_

8

16

-

12

-

14

-

12

-

5

3
-

_

“
”

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

12
10

3

6
-

4

1

10

“

6

2

313
103

8 .5 8

8 .6 9

8 .5 6 8 .6 3-

8.77
8 .6 9

210

8 .7 5
8 .4 9

8 .6 3

--------------------------------

8 .77

8 .5 6 -

8.77

---------

523

9 .0 6

8 .5 8

8 .5 6 - 10 .0 4

5

58

-

-----------------------------------------

381

9 .2 5

10 .0 4

8 .2 8 - 10.04

5

54

-

37

126

8 .6 4

8 .5 6

8 .5 6 -

8 .56

1.874

8 .3 6

8 .5 0

8 .0 1 -

8.65

487

8 .4 1

8 .4 0

7 .7 5 -

8.71

1.387

8 .3 4

8 .5 6

8 .2 0 -

8.65

480

8 .6 3

8.65

8 .6 5 -

8.65

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

HEAVY

MANUFACTURING

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

PUBLIC

.

SHIPPERS
RECEIVERS

3

---------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6 .9 4

7 .4 2

6 .0 5 -

7.65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

2

-

2

13

7 .4 2

6 .5 2 -

7.70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

10

-

10

6

121
69

7 .5 9

7 .6 6

7 .4 0 -

8.92

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

7 .6 4

7.66

7 .5 0 -

8.93

-

6

6 .1 8 5 .0 0 -

7.85

-

8.24

-

AND

RECEIVERS

------------------------

215

7 .1 2

7 .6 6

-----------------------------------------

75

6 .9 5

7.27

140

6 .1 8 -

7.83

46

7 .2 1
7 .3 9

7 .6 6

---------------------------

7 .2 6

6 .8 7 -

-----------------------------------------------------

655

6 .9 8

7 .2 6

6 .4 0 -

7.39

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

FILLERS

---------------------------------

267

6 .9 9

7 .2 2

5 .2 5 -

-

6 .9 8

7 .2 6

7 .1 4 -

7.35

-

-

-

“

-

-

166

6 .9 8

7 .2 6

--------------------------------------------------

608

7 .1 2

7.11

6 .1 6 -

8 .92

158

6 .4 5

6 .8 3

6 .8 3 -

6 .8 3

---------------------------------

450

7 .3 6

7 .5 6

5 .9 4 -

-

-

-

-

PACKERS

-----------------------------------------

254

6 .3 2

7 .17

5 .9 7-

7.17

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

58

4 .7 9

3 .9 0

3 .2 0 -

-

------------

900

7 .5 5

7 .7 0

6 .5 1 -

6 .8 1

6.51

6 .3 3 -

-

7 .7 0

7 .2 1 -

l a b o r e r s

-----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------

557

7 .8 2

8 .5 0

7 .7 0 -

-

-

22

_

1

207

-

1

20 7

77

22

-

883

7 .4 0

7 .1 6

6 .8 0 -

8 .5 6

-----------------------------------------

6 05

7 .3 3

7 .1 0

6 .8 0 -

7 .6 9

278

7 .5 7

8 .5 6

4 .6 9-

W o r k e r s w e re d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :

-

-

-

191

244

805

64

244

49

_

177

52

162

40

4

-

6

14

192
4

643
476

24

240

49
-

*

-

-

7

2

18

5

5

2

7

_

45

4

4

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

37

4

2

32

-

-

-

2

-

6

26

4

2

19

-

-

-

6
-

26

60

47

_

_

_

30

4
-

_

3
57

-

-

-

-

-

7

29

7

-

2

3

3

-

7

27
8

3
4

6

16
10

17

4

-

-

-

4

8

4

10

8

4

-

~

-

-

41

24

55

300

33

69

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

15

65
60

-

16

3

23

57

8

67

3

5

16

25

21

32

243

25

2

_
-

6

22

5

6

121

-

2

-

-

68

16

-

185

37

10

34

laO

34

180

_

5

1 1

-

5
2

11
2

“

8

22

4

8

-

-

8

22

4

8

-

11

25
9
16

-

-

1

16

13

1

16

-

13

2

i

-

16

-

-

68
13
13

16

30

35

-

-

131

1C
10

9

54

28

128

-

-

10

2

4

-

4

31

43

134

39

34

12

38

28

31

125
-

108
-

31

31

96

11

3

125

108

31

-

-

-

_

4

2

-

_

8

2

-

_

35
26

13

2

“

-

13
-

9
~

-

8

-

-

*

-

-

82
6
7 6

154 at $ 10 t o $ 1 0 . 4 0 ; 31 at $ 10. 40 t o $ 1 0 . 8 0 ; and 22 at $ 1 0 . 8 0 t o $ 1 1. 2 0.

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

9

11

8.92

-------------------------------- *

268

3

8 .5 6

-----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

*

--------------------------------

UTILITIES

OPERATORS

-

181

-

8 .5 6

PUBLIC

188

49

-

6 .8 7

7 .6 7

FORKLIFT

-

-

8.56

130
770

h a n d l in g

NONMANUFACTURING

-

25

-

-

-

5.51

MANUFACTURING

_

25

261
73

-

“

8 .9 2

-----------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

3

_

-

-

12

-

7 .2 6

---------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

2

-

6 .23

388

7 .0 0 -

TRADE

-

_

11
2

8 .05

---------------------------------

UTILITIES

WAREHOUSEMEN

RETAIL

--------------------------------

--------------------------------------

-

268

7 .3 2

PUBLIC

MATERIAL

-

71

NONMANUFACTURING

SHIPPING

-

164

MANUFACTURING

_

3

-

-------------------------------------------------------------TRADE

_

104

-----------------------------------------------------------------

RETAIL

ORDER

t r a i l e r

--------------------------------

UTILITIES

NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G

SHIPPERS

-

-----------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

---------------------------

t r a c t o r

MANUFACTURING

_

86

:

UTILITIES

t r u c k o r i v e r s

TRUCK

1515

44
44

1

336

TRUCKDRIVERS.
MEDIUM TRUCK —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS.

ove r

10

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

328
13

10
-

38
-

315

10

38

-

9

31

108

90

244

47

129

18

114

27

90

242

47

109

18

26

20

-

8

27

2

21

8
-

63

-

21

315

88

92

-

92

-

_
-

-

14

26

14

26

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., December 1977— Continued




11




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Seattle— Everett, Wash., December 1977
Sex, 3 occupation,

and

MAINTENANCE*
POUERPLANT
MAINTENANCE

industry

TOOLROOM *

OCCUPATIONS

CARPENTERS

MANUFACTURING

division

um
ber
of

Average
(mean )
hourly
earnings4

Sex,

AND
-

m a t e r i a l

-----------------------------------

144
111

$
8.5 6
8 .3 4

and

TRUCKCRIVERS

-

-

ELECTRICIANS

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

366
304

8.9 0
8.4 0

PAINTERS

-----------------------------------------

92

----------------------------------------------------

158
138

MAINTENANCE
MECHANICS
(MACHINERY)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

65 6
605

8.1 6
8.2 4

518
148
37 0
305

8.5 4
8.5 9
8.5 2
8.5 7

-----------------------

133

6.9 9

-----------------------------------------

222
90
132

8.1 7
8.0 2
8.2 7

-----------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

--------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

-------------------------------------

STATIONARY

TRADES

HELPERS

ENGINEERS

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

70

6.9 2

158
117
66

7.3 4
7.6 0
7 .6 9

199
72
127
34

7.1 4
7.0 0
7.2 3
7.5 3

62 3
263
36 0

7.0 0
6.9 8
7.0 1

841
119
72 2
536

7.6 2
6 .8 1
7.7 5
7.8 7

87 9
601
278

7 .4 0
7.3 3
7.5 7

81

7 .1 3

RETAIL

TRADE

AND

TENDERS

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

58
56

-----------------------------------------------------

HANDLING

MANUFACTURING

FORKLIFT

LABORERS

OPERATORS

A ND

OCCUPATIONS

-

CUSTODIAL

POWER-TRUCK

MEN

(OTHER
GUARDS

TRUCKDRIVERS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

RETAIL

TRADE

------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

8.4 3
8.7 2
8 .2 7
8.6 2
8.1 5

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

THAN

FORKLIFT)

LIGHT

-----------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

RETAIL

TRADE

TRUCK

------------------------------

108
84
73

PORTERS.

MANUFACTURING

A ND

MANUFACTURING

MEDI UM

TRUCK

---------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

523
381

9 .0 6
9 .2 5

126

PUBLIC

8.6 4

UTILITIES
TRADE

8.6 0
8.7 5
8.5 2

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------

MANUFACTURING

HEAVY

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

PUBLIC

TRUCK

■

------------- -------------------

JANITORS.

:

UTILITIES

MOVEMENT

839

3.6 4

2.1 0 6
441
1.6 65
50
126

4 .7 8
5 .8 6
4.4 9
6 .4 7
4 .7 1

See footnotes at end of tables.

12

A ND
-

CUSTODIAL

WOMEN

61

PACKERS
PORTERS.

NONMANUFACTURING
------------------

--------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

OCCUPATIONS

SHIPPING
TRUCKDRIVERS.

--------

6.2 3
5.6 8
5.8 8

281
103
178

CLEANERS

-----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

MATERIAL
TRUCKDRIVERS.

-----------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

JANITORS.

RETAIL
TRUCKDRIVERS.

------------------------------

040
124
91 6
904
238

--------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
MOVEMENT

-----------------------

--------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

MANUFACTURING

MATERIAL

--------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

7 .7 1
7.7 1

--------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
MATERIAL

--------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

WAREHOUSEMEN

-----------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

RECEIVERS

MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC
BOILER

--------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

RECEIVERS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

$
8.3 5
8 .4 1
8.3 3
8.6 3

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SHIPPERS

MANUFACTURING

--------

--------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

NONMANUFACTURING

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR
VEHICLES)
--------------------------------------------------

1.831
451
1.3 80
480

c u s t o d i a l

-----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

8.7 3
8.7 4

MACHINISTS

MANUFACTURaNG

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings 4

8.6 9
SHIPPERS

MAINTENANCE

Num
ber
of

C ONTI NUED

TRACTOR-TRAILER

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

MAINTENANCE

ano

ME N—

division

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS.
MAINTENANCE

industry

m o v e m e n t

OCCUPATIONS

MEN

----------------------------------------------------

occupation,

--------

1

--------------------------------------------

1

AND

CLEANERS

5.1 4

49 4
37 8

4.6 1
4.4 7

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Seattle— Everett, Wash., for selected periods
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p 5

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s in g
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s
M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ___
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l __
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s in g
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s

J a n u a r y 1972
to
J a n u a r y 1973

J a n u a r y 1973
to
J a n u a r y 1 97 4

J a n u a r y 1 97 4 J a n u a r y 197 5 J a n u a r y 1 97 6
to
to
to
J a n u a r y 1 97 5 J a n u a r y 1976 J a n u a r y 1977

J a n u a r y 1977 to
D e c e m b e r 1977
11- m o n th
A n n u a l r a te
in c r e a s e
o f in c r e a s e

4 .8

6.6

9 .4

9.1

8.1

8.0

8.8

(? )
(6 )
7 .2
8 .3

(? )

10.8

7 .4
7 .1

7 .0
6 .5

11.6

8.0
10.1
11.0

8.1

5 .9
1 2 .5
9 .5

(6 )

8 .5

7 .1

8.1

6 .5
1 3.7
1 0 .4
8 .9

6.8
6.8

(6 )
(? )
(6 >
6 .4
8 .9

(6)
(? )
(6 )
1 1.7
1 0 .9

(6 )
( )
(6 )
1 1 .5

(6 )
(? )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

12.0

(6 )
(? )
(6 )
9 .2
9 .2

3 .5

6 .4

8 .3
11.3

8 .7
7 .9
(6 )
7 .0

8 .3
7 .1
(6 )
6 .4

7 .7
(? )
(6 )

c>

(6 )
9 .0

1 2 .4

(? )
(6 )
5 .5

(? )
(6)

10.1

11.1

8 .4

9 .2

7 .8

8 .5

6.2

6.8

(6 )
8 .3

(6 )
9 .1

Footnotes
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f t h e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r
m o r e a n d h a lf r e c e i v e t h e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m id d l e r a n g e i s d e f in e d b y t w o
r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a
fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .




3 E a r n i n g s d a ta r e l a t e o n l y t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t if ic a t i o n w a s p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i ft s .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r t o 1 97 6 r e l a t e t o m e n o n ly f o r s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e and
u n s k il le d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te to m en and w om en .
6 D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a il a b l e .

13




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on area wages and related benefits are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field representatives at 3-year intervals. In each of the
intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings is
collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and tele­
phone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 74 1 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from
representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufac­
turing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each
of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis.
The sampling
procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the
scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees.
From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each
establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small estab­
lishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is
weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates
are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected,
it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate
of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size c la s s i­
fication if data are not available from the original sample mem ber. If no
suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample
member that is sim ilar to the missing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.

Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the
scope of the survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data
to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data. Separate m en's and women's earnings data are not
presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent
or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all
industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is
not shown or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are
rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of
workers on some A -tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A -7 , are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
staffing, and thus contribute
averages may fail to reflect
in individual establishments.

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and establishments differ in pay level and job
CSiio; Birmingham, A l a .; N orfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Ham pton, V a .—N. C. ; and
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the
accurately the wage differential among jobs
request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual
establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include pro­
gression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are
collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job
descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments
and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

Electronic data processing

Skilled maintenance

Computer systems
analysts, classes
A, B, and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A, B, and C
Computer operators,
classes A, B, and C

Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Industrial nurses

Unskilled plant

Registered industrial
nurses

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the
trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect
an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans
providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased
hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown, (it is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

Percent changes for i
as follows:

areas in the program are computed

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in
the survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.
2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its pro­
portionate employment in the occupational group in the
base year.
3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to
obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year by
the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed
as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:

Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A,
B, and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Keypunch operators,
classes A and B




For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these
wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes, " Monthly Labor
Review, January 1973, pp. 52-5 7 .
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Infor­
mation for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabu­
lations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables)
in previous bulletins for this area.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Seattle— Everett, Wash.,1 December 1977
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

ALL

DIVISIONS

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
OTHER

PUBLIC

WHOLESALE
FINANCE.

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d
N u m ber

P ercen t

194

252,131

100

283

54

104,840

42

7 3 ,9 4 3

700

140

147.291

58

7 4 .7 0 5

31.3 0 5

50
50

60

27

6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

14 A

19

15.515

200

12
6

50

32

48.7 5 3

19

50
50

105

23

26.9 2 3

171

39

24'. 7 9 5

11
10

U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------------------

INSURANCE.

A ND

REAL

1 4 8 ,648

AND

ESTATE

6 -------------------

S E R V I C E S 6 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 T h e S e a t tle —E v e r e t t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y
th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f K in g and
S n o h o m is h C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is
t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e
l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r
c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it io n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m
lim ita tio n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in
t h e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .




S t u d ie d

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRADE

TRADE

COMMUNICATION.

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y 4

983

50

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATION.

RETAIL

----------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

3t 967
2 2 .3 2 8
15*697
9 .5 7 9

5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
T h e lo c a l-tr a n s it sy stem
a n d e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d t h e r e f o r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n
fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 T h is d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n ­
m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e
e n o u g h d a ta t o , m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

17

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bu
reau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appro­
priate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establish­
ment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational
wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this empha­
sis on inter establishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those
in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; begin­
ners; and part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped
workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also
excluded. Trainees are excluded from the survey except for those r e ­
ceiving on-the-job training in some of the lower level professional and
technical occupations.

Office
SECRETARY

SECRETARY— Continued

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the
supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed
supervision and guidance.
Perform s varied clerical and secretarial duties,
usually including most of the following;

Exclusions

answers
persons;

a. Receives telephone ca lls, personal ca llers, and incoming m ail,
routine inquiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper

Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " possess the above char­
acteristics.
Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are
as follows;
a. Positions which do not meet the "p erso n a l" secretary
described above;
b.

b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c. Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as
instructed;
d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic,
accuracy;
f.

Performs stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine
and understanding of the organization, program s, and procedures related to
the work of the supervisor.




concept

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofes­
sional, technical, or managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially
more routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those char­
acterized in the definition;
e. Assistant-type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions
following”! refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title "vice
p resid en t," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases

STENOGRAPHER

SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions— Continued
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly
supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate o ffic e r s" for
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,000 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over
than 25,000 persons; or

Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a steno­
graphic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary
duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer,

chairman of the
5,000 but fewer

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all,
over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B

keep

General

Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files,
simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.
Stenographer, Senior

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and
maintain files, keep records, etc.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,0 0 0 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over
either a major corporationwide functional activity (e .g ., marketing, research,
operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational
segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that
em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,0 0 0 employees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e .g ., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment
often involving as many as several hundred persons) or a company that
employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition
for class B, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several
dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are
often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a
wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; 0 £
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other
equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
(e .g .,

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit
fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); o£

2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician, or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)




OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the
following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and
of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling
material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
routine

q u estio n s,

etc.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY PIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating proc­
esses.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech ­
nical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in
spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

TY PIST— Continued

ORDER CLERK

Class B.
Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and
adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

FILE CLERK
F iles, c la ssifies, and retrieves material in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified: into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cro ss-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May
perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
MESSENGER
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

Exclude workers paid on a comm ission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather thaui for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge
gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling
skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.
Positions
definitions:

classified

into

levels

according

to

the

following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or material from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the custom er's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
Class B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK
Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay •incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls. May provide information to ca llers, record and transmit m essages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
tim e, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief
or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Operator -Receptionist.

are

The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office prac­
tices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording
of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker
typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge
of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
Positions are
definitions:

At a s ingle-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.




classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran s­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes

20

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.

listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting c le r ­
ical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where
identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized a n d
repetitive records or
accounting documents; and coding documents u s i n g
a few prescribed
accounting codes.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A.
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, custom ers' accounts (not
including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost d is­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations.
For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b iller. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers'
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are autqmatically accumulated by
machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
PAYROLL CLERK
Perform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
w orkers' time or production records; adjusting workers ' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll




KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or
numeric data on tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a variety of source docu­
ments. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May
train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or instructions, works from various stan­
dardized source documents which have been coded, and follows specified
procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no
selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calcu­
lator, collator, interpreter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from
this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded are operators of
electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate electric
accounting machine equipment.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Performs complete reporting and tabulating assignments
including devising difficult control panel wiring under general supervision.
Assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature
and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is
typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences
of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B . Performs work according to established procedures and
under specific instructions. Assignments typically involve complete but rou­
tine and recurring reports or parts of larger and more complex reports.
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as
the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by
class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating
or electrical accounting machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing
punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically involve portions of a work unit,
for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive operations.
May perform simple wiring from diagram s, and do some filing work.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable programmers to prepare
required digital computer programs.
Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, file s, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends equip­
ment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as
systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analy­
ses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
programm ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the manage­
ment or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees, or sy s­
tems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of system analysis.
Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production sched­
uling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which
every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system
of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems
and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised
systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed,
for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining
equipment.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a
systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required
to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from
charts or diagram s, the programmer develops the precise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following:
Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by
computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and
diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program
steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be
processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow;
tests and corrects program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase
operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both
system s analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts
if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the manage­
ment or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or pro­
gram m ers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, programm ers are classified as follows:

May provide functional direction to lower
who are assigned to assist.

level systems analysts

Class B.
Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate.
Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example,
develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with per­
sons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system,
as described for class A .
Works independently on routine assignments and
receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed
for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper
alignment with the overall system.




C lass A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming
concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify
the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the
computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment
must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from
numerous and diverse data elem ents. A wide variety and extensive number
of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program require­
ments exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and
resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are
assigned to assist.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR----Continued

C lass B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.

major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short time. In
common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This
usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using
standard correction techniques.

OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close
direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher
level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned,
and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programm ers.
C lass C. Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are
designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to
routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required
procedure s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to
process data according to operating instructions, usually prepared by a pro­
gram m er.
Work includes most of the following: Studies instructions to
determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into
circuit, and starts and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to
correct operating problems and meet special conditions; reviews errors made
during operation and determines cause or refers problem to supervisor or
programm er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in
correcting program.
For wage

study purposes, computer

operators

are classified

as

follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
New programs are frequently tested and introduced; scheduling requirements
are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs are of
complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available.
May give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
Most of the programs are established production runs, typically run on a
regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs




OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A. May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.

expected
ability to
received
operator

Class C. Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
detect problems involved in running routine programs. Usually has
some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher level
on complex programs.

DRAFTER
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts.
Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering deter­
minations.
May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower
level drafters.
Class B . Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in m a k i n g necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.

C lass C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

DRAFTER-TRACER

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

Copies
cloth or paper
include tracing
large scale not

Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
limited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR

Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during progress.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g .,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.
Positions
definitions.

are

classified

into levels

on the basis of the following

C lass A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by refer­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on elec­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g ., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q -m eters, deviation m eters, pulse generators).

C lass B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.
Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instruc­
tions which cover virtually all procedures.
Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e .g ., m ultim eters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes).
Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to
increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can
advance to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review
when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing su pervisors, or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE CARPENTER— Continued

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions;

using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In general,
the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experi­
ence usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.




MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor vehicle)

P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the instal­
lation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution,
or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most
of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equip­
ment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transmission
equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifi­
cations; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equip­
ment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring
or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and
measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equip­
ment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing
repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken
or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and
installing the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjust­
ments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE PAINTER

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or
consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common
m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this
work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general,
the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experi­
ence. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.




This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers'
vehicles in automobile repair shops.

25

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Workers primarily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.
MAINTENANCE SH EE T -M ET A L WORKER
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifi­
cations; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out
work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equip­
ment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives
and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, byperforming specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and per­
forming other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work
the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some
trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and
tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed
by workers on a full-tim e basis.

Constructs and repairs jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal
dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g.,
plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying
out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral
specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and
alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes required to
complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating
various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die
m aker’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very
close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to
achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed toler­
ances and allowances. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires
rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (Toolroom)
Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool
(e .g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine
metal for use in making or maintaining jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges,
or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass).
Work typically involves:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require com ­
plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or
tools (e.g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables,
and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine
proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those pre­
scribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision
measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining
operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be
required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to
recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work
of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this
classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).
STATIONARY ENGINEER
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or airconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.
BOILER TENDER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in w h i c h
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ate­
rials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, whole­
sale and retail .establishments, or between r e t a i l establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with
or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good
working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the basis
of trailer capacity.)




TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light truck (under 1V tons)
2
medium truck ( 1 V to and including 4 tons)
2
heavy truck (trailer) (over 4 tons)
heavy truck (other than trailer) (over 4 tons)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

SHIPPING PACKER— Continued

shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the
merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing
others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading,
invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged
goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and main­
taining necessary records and files.

shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing con­
tainer; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
t a k i n g inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored materials and
reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiv­
ing work (see Shipping and Receiving Clerk and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order F iller), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).
ORDER FILLER
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.
SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.
POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck
or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
truck,

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of poweras follows:
Forklift operator
Power-truck operator (other than forklift)

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
guards who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

periodically in protecting

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash,
and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal
fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services;
and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize
in window washing are excluded.

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following areas are sur­
veyed periodically for use in admin­
istering the Service Contract Act
of 1965. Survey results are pub­
lished in releases which are availa­
ble, at no cost, while supplies last
from any of the BLS regional offices
shown on the back cover.
Alaska (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and
Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r -

Orange, Tex.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and
Pascagoula, M iss.
Bremerton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and
Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, Tenn.—
Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, M iss.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, T ex ., and Alamogordo—
Las
Cruces, N. Mex.
Eugene—
Springfield and Medford—
Klamath Falls—
Grants Pass—
Roseburg, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leom inster, M ass.




Fort Riley—
Junction City, Kans.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Frederick—
Hagerstown—
Chambersburg, Md.—Pa.
Gadsden and Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings , Nebr.
Guam, Territory of
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
La C rosse, Wis.
Laredo, Tex.
Lawton, Okla.
Lexington—
Fayette, Ky.
Lima, Ohio
Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Maine (statewide)
McAllen—Pharr—
Edinburg and
B rownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Meridian, M iss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean C os., N.J.
Mobile and Pensacola, A la.—
Fla.
Montana (statewide)
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New Hampshire (statewide)
New London—
Norwich, Conn.—
R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Northern New York
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Seaside—
Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lom poc, Calif.

Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwestern Virginia
Springfield, 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e — o l y o k e ,
H
M a s s . —Conn.

Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Vermont (statewide)
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Waco and Killeen—
Tem ple, Tex.
Waterloo—
Cedar F a lls, Iowa
West Texas Plains
West Virginia (statewide)
Wilmington, Del.— J.—
N.
Md.
Yakima, Richland—
Kennewick, and
Walla Walla—Pendleton,
Wash.—
Oreg.

ALSO AVAILABLE—
An annual report on salaries for
accountants, auditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, direc­
tors of personnel, buyers, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
drafters, a n d clerical employees
is available.
Order as BLS Bulle­
tin 1980, National Survey of Pro­
fe s s ional, Administrative, Technical
and C lerical Pay, March 1977, $2.40
a copy, from any of the BLS re­
gional sales offices shown on the
back cover, or from the Superin­
tendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing Office, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e t in s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u lle t in s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . 2 0 402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b l e to S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
D ocum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 through 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1977__________________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
T
Anaheim —
Santa Ana—
Garden G rove,
C alif., Oct. 1977 _________________________________________________
Atlanta, G a . , May 1977 __________________________________________
B altim ore , M d . , Aug. 1 9 7 7 ______________________________________
B illings, Mont., July 1977 1 _____________________________________
B irm in gh am , A l a . , Ma r. 1 9 7 7 __________________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Aug. 1977________________________________________
Buffalo, N . Y . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1977 1 ________________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1977____________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1977 1________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y .—
K
Ind., July 1977 1 _______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1977 1___________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1 9 7 7 ______________________________________
Corpus C hrist i, T e x . , July 1977 1 ______________________________
D all as—Fort Worth, T e x . , Oct. 1 9 7 7 ___________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island— o lin e , Iowa—111., May 1977 1 _____
M
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1977 1 _______________________________________
Daytona Beach, F l a . , Aug. 1977 1______________________________
Denver— o u ld e r , C olo., Dec. 1977 1___________________________
B
Detroit, M ic h ., Mar. 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
F r es n o , C alif., June 1977 _______________________________________
G ain esv ille , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G re en Bay, W i s . , July 1 9 7 7 _____________________________________
G reen sboro— i n ston -Sa le m —
W
High Point,
N . C . , Aug. 1 977 1________________________________________________
G re en ville —
Spartanburg, S . C . , June 1977 ____________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1 9 7 7 _____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , Aug. 1 9 7 7 * ______________________________________
Huntsville, A l a . , Feb. 1 9 7 7 1____________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
Jacksonville, F l a . , Dec. 1977___________________________________
Kansas City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977___________________________
Los A n g e le s —
Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1 9 7 7 __________________
L o u is v ille , Ky .—Ind., Nov. 1977 1 ______________________________
Mem ph is, Tenn.— r k . —M i s s . , Nov. 1977______________________
A




Bulletin n um ber
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -7 0 , 80 cents
1 9 5 0 - 5 2 , 80 cents
1 9 5 0 -6 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 7 ,
1950 -3 9,
1 9 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -8 ,
1950 -5 0,
1950 -5 8,
1 9 5 0 -2 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 4 ,
1950 -4 1,
1950 -4 5,
1950 -5 3,
1 9 5 0 -6 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 6 ,
19 5 0 -7 1 ,
1950 -4 3,
19 50 -7 4,
1 9 5 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 6 ,

$1.00
$1 .20
$ 1 .20
$1 .00
85 cents
$ 1 .20
$ 1 .00
$1.10
70 cents
$ 1 .40
$1 .20
$1 .4 0
$1 .0 0
$1.00
$1.20
$1 .10
$ 1 .10
$1 .00
$1 .40
$1 .20
70 cents
$1 .00
70 cents

1 9 50 -4 2,
1 9 5 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -9 ,
1950 -4 8,
1 9 5 0 -4 ,
1950 -5 6,
1 9 5 0 -2 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 7 ,
1950 -5 4,
1 9 5 0 -6 1,
1 9 5 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 3,

$1 .10
70 cents
80 cents
$1 .40
$1 .40
$1.00
$1 .50
70 cents
$1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .20
70 cents

A rea

Miami, F la ., Oct. 1977________________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1977 _________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is., Jan. 1977 _______________
W
Nassau—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1977 ____________________________
Newark, N .J., Jan. 1977 ______________________________________
New Orleans, L a., Jan. 1977 1 _______________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1977 ___________ ________ _________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1977 ______________________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1977____________
N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1977 1_________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1977 1
___________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1977 1 _____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N .J ., June 1977 ________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1977___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1977____________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1977__________________________________
Portland, Oreg.‘— ash ., May 1977 1__________________________
W
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1977 ______________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 197 6 _______
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R. I.—
M a ss., June 19771 ___________________________________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1977 1 __________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1977 _______________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1977 1______________________________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1977____________________________________
Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1977______________________
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1977 1________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1_________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Mar. 1977 _________________
San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1977__________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Dec. 1977___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1977 1_________________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 197 6 ____________________________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich ., May 1977 _______________________________
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1977______________________________________
Utica-Rom e, N .Y ., July 1977* _______________________________
Washington, D. C.—
Md.— a ., Mar. 1977 ______________ _______
V
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1977 1 __________________________________
W orcester, M a ss., Apr. 1977 ________________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1977 _________________________________________

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

1950-57,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

$1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.60
$1.00
$ 1.60
$1.60
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
1950-1,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.50
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
80 cents
$ 1.10
55 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1. 10

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau o Labor Statistics Regional Offices
ff
Region I

Region II

Region

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-248T (Area Code816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Region IV

in

VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington