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Area 'O o i’o ■3 S Providence— W arwick— Pawtucket,
Wage
Rhode Island— Massachusetts,
Metropolitan Area, June 1979
Survey
ILS. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-38




Washington

-sr-*'

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f a June 1979 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in th e P r o v id e n c e — a r w ic k —
W
P a w tu ck e t, R h o d e Is la n d — a s s a c h u s e t t s , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
M
A rea.
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s '
ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in B o s t o n , M a s s ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f G o r d o n E . B o w e n ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot have
b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and
s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a t io n is in th e p u b lic d o m a in and m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w ith o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it
th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s an d c it e th e n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is
p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
R e p o r t s o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s
in the P r o v id e n c e — a r w ic k —P a w tu ck e t a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the la u n d r y and
W
d r y c le a n in g (Ju n e 1979) an d m o v in g and s t o r a g e (Ju n e 1979) in d u s t r ie s .
A l s o a v a ila b le a r e lis t in g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in tin g
t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s an d h e lp e r s ,
and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )




Area
Wage
Survey

Providence— W arwick— Pawtucket,
Rhode Island— Massachusetts,
Metropolitan Area, June 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner

Introduction_________________________________________

Page
2

November 1979
Tables:

Bulletin 2050-38

For sale by the Superintendent of
Documents. U.S. Government Printing Of­
fice. Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS
Offices listed
Regional Make checks
on back cover. Price $1.75.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ of Documents.
payable to Superintendent
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Earnings, all establishm ents:
A - l . Weekly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ______ 3
A -2 . Weekly earnings of p rofession a l
and technical w ork ers_________________ 5
A -3. A verage weekly earnings of
office, profession a l, and
6
technical w ork ers, by s e x ____________
A -4. Hourly earnings o f maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
w o rk e r s ________________________________ 7
A -5 . Hourly earnings of m aterial
movem ent and custodial w o r k e r s _____ 8
A -6. A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p ow erplant, m a terial movement, and
custodial w ork ers, by s e x ____________ 9
A -7 . P ercen t in crea ses in average
hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups_____________________10
A -8. Average pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite-colla r
A -9.

A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -co lla r
w o rk e r s _________________________________ 12

Earnings, large establishm ents:
A -10. Weekly earnings of o ffice w o r k e r s ______ 13
A - l l . Weekly earnings of p rofession a l
and tech nical w ork ers__________________ 15
A -12. A verage weekly earnings of
office, profession a l, and
technical w ork ers, by s e x _____________ 16

Page
T ables— Continued
Earnings, la rge establishm ents—
Continued
A -1 3. Hourly earnings o f maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
_
A -1 4.

17

Hourly earnings of m aterial
m ovem ent and custodial

18
A -15. A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , pow erplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial w orkers, by s e x __ __ ___ — 19
Establishm ent p ra ctices and
supplem entary wage p rovision s:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists and cle rk s_______ 20
B -2 . L ate-sh ift pay p rovision s for
fu ll-tim e manufacturing
production and related w o rk e r s ________21
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours and days of
fu ll-tim e fir s t-s h ift w orkers__________ 22
B -4. Annual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s ________________________________ 23
B -5. Paid vacation p rovision s for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ______________________ 24
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension
plans for fu ll-tim e w o rk e r s ____________27
B -7. Life insurance plans for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ______________________ 28
Appendix A. Scope and method of survey_________ 31
Appendix B. Occupational d e s crip tio n s____________ 36

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r' s
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s and
rela ted b e n e fits.
(S ee lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e ba ck c o v e r .)
In each area,
earn ings data f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s ( A - s e r i e s ta b les) a re c o lle c te d
annually.
In form a tion on esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary w age
ben efits ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in div idu al a r e a w age su rv ey s have b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s tog eth er data
fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e se n ts national and r e ­
g ion a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a re a data, fo r a ll
Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the United S ta tes, exclu d in g A lask a
and H awaii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
th rough the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages by occu p a tio n ,
and (2) the m ov em en t o f w a g es by occu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s ,
including w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s ­
sista n ce in d e term in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rv ey r e s u lts a ls o a r e u se d by the
U.S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s under the S e r v ic e
C on tra ct A c t o f 1965.

W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g
a nd n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D a ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g is t o o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a ft e r
e lim in a t io n of ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v id e f o r th e f i r s t t im e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
p a y r e la t io n s h ip s w ith in e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d if f e r c o n s i d ­
e r a b ly f r o m th e p a y r e la t io n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lis h e d in ta b le s
A - l th r o u g h A - 6 .
S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r d e t a ils .

B-series tables
T h e B - s e r i e s ta bles p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on m in im u m en tran ce
s a la r ie s fo r in ex p erien ced ty p ists and c le r k s ; la t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s fo r p rod u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g ; and data
se p a r a te ly fo r p rod u ction and re la te d w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u led w eek ly hours and days o f fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tio n s ; health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion p la n s; and m o r e d eta iled in fo rm a tio n
on life in su ra n ce plans.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
A pp en d ixes
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e estim a te s of str a ig h t-tim e w eek ly
o r h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f
m anu factu ring and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
The o ccu p a tion s a re d efin ed
in appendix B.
F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A -1 0 th rough A -1 5
p ro v id e s im ila r data f o r e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch a n ges in a v e r a g e h ou rly earn in g s o f
o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in ten an ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .




Appendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a rea
w age s u r v e y p ro g ra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the a rea
su r v e y , the a r e a 's in d u stria l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa ctu rin g , and la b o r m anagem ent ag reem en t c o v e r a g e .
Appendix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u se d by B u reau fie ld r e p r e ­
sen ta tiv es to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by occu p a tion .

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Providence-Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I. — Mass., June 1979
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccup ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

A verage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

100
M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

1 .29 3

3 8 .5

*196.00

*189.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

627

39.5

202.00

196.50

1 7 5 .0 0 -

666

3 8 .0

190.00

182.00

1 6 3 .0 0 -

32

3 8 .0

282.50

285.50

2 5 7 .5 0 -

297.00

39

249

240

B ............................................

223

120

130

AND

PUBLIC

0

50

140

S TR AIG H T-TIM E

150

2 0 1 .0 0 -

190

200

210

DOLLARS)

220

230

OF—

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

_

120

130

140

150

6

36
3

6
-

-

33

-

-

160

170

180

190

200

210

71

82

153

143

170

134

106

86

81

31

20

61

71

76

78

57

45

34

58

40

62

92

72

94

56

49

41

26

23

19
1

6

-

-

245.50

114

39.5

230.50

225.00

2 0 4 .0 0 -

-

249.00

109

3 8 .0

224.50

215.50

2 0 1 .0 0 -

244.00

S ECR ETAR IES.
C L A S S C ..............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

903

39.0

195.00

186.50

1 7 0 .0 0 -

208.00

206

39.0

198.00

190.00

1 7 0 .5 0 -

214.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

197

38.5

192.00

181.00

1 6 7 .0 0 -

203.00

3 8 .5

180

<IN

-

-

-

2 20

1

230

240

60

-

-

250

270

48

31

29

1

260

280

300

320

21
10

16

13

25

10

9

11

7

4

7

2

18

6

10

14

-

*7

2

-

22
12

50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

CLASS

170

EARNINGS

OVER

* 1 6 8 .0 0 — *217.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

SECRETARIES*

160

UEEKLY

_

208.00

U T I L I T I E S ..................................................

110

RECEIVING

225.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

WORKERS

UNDER
110

S E C R E T A R I E S .......................................................................................

OF

227.50

221.00

3

6

18

20

27

32

16

18

14

3

7

13

10

14

12

17

8

10

1

3

11

7

17

18

4

14

10

4

8

18

68

67

58

46

40

16

20

16

17

8

1

32

34

25

29

25

11

8

11

16

3

1

-

3

3

-

2
1

-

5

17

36

33

33

17

15

5

12

5

1

5

34

50

56

30

-

-

1

7

7

5

3

2

2
-

12
8

4

2

4

2

13

3

2

2

2

3

1

502

38.5

184.00

1 8 0 . JO

1 6 1 .5 0 -

200.00

1

28

66

88

31

16

32

228
274

4 0 .0
3 7 .5

194.00
175.50

189.50
1 7 4 . JO

1 7 5 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

217.50
1 9 0 . UO

2

15

14

17

31

39

24

14

17

12

30

1

26

19

36

39

35

49

28

16

14

4

2

E ..............................................

99

38 .5

157.50

158.50

1 4 1 .0 0 -

169.00

5

7

29

11

26

4

12

-

-

_

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ...............................................................................

218

38 .0

165.50

156.50

1 4 4 .0 0 -

172-50

2

15

21

38

45

38

13

6

5

4

6

12

3

2

-

179

38 .0

161.50

155.00

1 4 4 .0 0 -

166.50

2

12

15

38

44

29

13

5

5

3

-

1

2

2

-

8

......................................

183

38 .0

159.00

155.00

1 4 1 .5 0 -

168.50

2

15

21

38

40

26

13

6

5

3

5

5

3

1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

160

38 .0

156.50

155.00

1 4 2 .0 0 -

164.00

12

15

38

39

24

13

5

3

-

1

2

1

T Y P I S T S ........................

62

38.5

155.50

>151.50

1 4 2 .0 0 -

162.00

12

18

12

9

3

-

3

—

T Y P I S T S ......................................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

667

38.0

155.00
165.00

138

189

95

73

51

26

22

11

2

3

5

3

-

13

2

150.00

1 3 0 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 -

29

39.5

147.00
156.00

138.00

262

4

16

43

63

50

34

17

12

7

1

3

5

2

-

-

2

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

405

37 .0

141.00

131.00

1 2 6 .5 0 -

142.50

25

122

146

32

23

17

9

10

4

1

-

-

1

-

13

T Y P IS T S .
C L A S S A .............................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

96

39 .0

165.00

155.50

1 4 5 .5 0 -

170.00

-

-

1

18

10

21

15

10

6

7

—

3

—

—

—

—

2

—

62

40 .0

173.00

160.50

1 5 0 .0 0 -

174.00

—

—

—

2

5

19

11

10

2

5

—

3

—

—

_

—

2

B .............................................................

571

38 .0

144.00

133.00

150.00

29

137

171

85

52

36

16

16

4

2

-

5

3

-

13

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

200

39.5

151.00

147.50

1 3 3 .5 0 -

160.00

4

16

41

58

31

23

7

10

2

1

-

5

2

140.00

STENOGRAPHERS,

g e n e r a l

TRANSCRIBING -M ACHINE

T Y P IS T S .

CLASS

1 2 8 .0 0 -

2
-

-

-

5

5
5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

371

37 .0

140.00

130.50

1 2 6 .5 0 -

25

121

130

27

21

13

9

6

2

C L E R K S ......................................................................................

480

38.0

137.50

135.00

1 2 7 .0 0 -

144.00

18

66

66

182

47

61

27

4

-

_

3
15

13
53

8
58

39
143

10
37

5
56

3
24

1
3

-

8

27

35

17

36

8

-

_

F IL E

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

91

39.0

143.50

136.00

1 2 6 .9 0 -

144.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

389

37 .5

136.00

134.50

1 2 7 .0 0 -

146.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

131

38 .0

140.00

138.00

1 2 8 .5 0 -

154.50

_____ _____
*

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 2 0

to $ 3 4 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

-

1
_

_

3

4

1
_

1

-

13
4

1

l
_

-

_

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

—

-

-

2

—

—

—

-

-

2

_

_

-

—

_

_

2

-

_

_

2

_

j

7

_

_

-

1

_

1
-

_

_

7

_

-

~

_

-

_

4
1
3

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

2

1

-

CLASS

4

2
-

1

-

8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

S ECRETARIES.

4

3
-

1

0 ..............................................

CLASS

3

8
3
5

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .............................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

S ECR ETAR IES.

52

31

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979— Continued
W e e k ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
w e e k ly
hours *
(standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS R EC EI V IN G S T R A IG H T - TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS
100

M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

DOLLARS)

OF -------

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

AND
OVER

AND
UNDER
110

FILE

(IN

r

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

12

320

_

190

200

210

2 20

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

CLERKS— CONTINUED

F I L E CLERKS. CLASS C ................................
MA NU FA CT UR IN G. ................................. ..

304

3 8 .0

$ 1 31.50

$131.50

18

58

37

136

27

16

62

3 9 .5

1 2 9.50

1 3 1.0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -

136.00

3

13

7

30

8

1

-

MESSENGERS................................ ... ............................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

106

3 8 .0

1 5 0.50

1 4 4.5 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -

175.00

1

15

22

11

16

5

5

64

3 8 .0

145.50

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -

149.00

1

13

15

9

11

3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS..................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

89

3 9 .0

1 7 1.50

1 6 4.0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -

18 4.0 0

-

1

10

3

13

12

51

3 9 .0

168.50

1 5 1.0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -

1 7 5.00

1

10

1

13

8

4

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T IO N I S T S ...................................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING ........................................................
ORDER CLERKS ..................................................................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
OROER CLERKS. CLASS A . . . .....................
MANUFACTURING...............................................

$ 1 2 0 .0 0 - $137.50

253

3 8 .5

1 6 4.00

1 6 2.0 0

176

3 9 .0

168.00

1 6 8.0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -

184.00

77

3 8 .0

1 5 5.50

1 4 2.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

1 4 1 .0 0 -

4 0 .0

1 6 3.50

1 5 7 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -

178.50

193

3 9 .5

1 6 2.0 0

1 5 2.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

83

4 0 .0

1 8 4.00

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -

199-50

4 0 .0

1 8 6.50

1 8 0 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -

-

-

-

1

_

3

_

-

1

-

3

-

-

~

6

17

9

7

1

1

2

4

2

1

1

-

-

4

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

30

8

7

8

5

4

_

1

_

_

_

_

16

4

7

8

1

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

14

4

7

8

1

_

4

12

4

7

8

1

-

4

_

_

4

_

-

-

-

48

-

3

7

17

17

3

7

9

15

3 9 .5

174.50

1 6 8.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

188.50

3 8 .0

1 8 0.00

1 6 5.0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -

209.00

ACCOUNTING CLERK S. CLASS A ................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

512

3 9 .0

1 9 6.50

1 8 4.0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -

220.50

-

316

3 9 .5

1 8 7.00

1 8 0.0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -

20 0.0 0

-

196

3 8 .0

212.00

2 0 0 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0 -

2 5 6.00

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . . . ........................

691

3 9 .0

16 3.0 0

1 5 5.5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

170.00

-

19

313

4 0 .0

1 5 6.0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -

-

-

2
-

-

574

-

1

-

629

5

1
-

26

19 5.0 0

1

-

16

1 5 0 .0 0 -

-

-

40

1 6 7.0 0

-

-

38

177.00

-

-

23

3 9 .0

-

-

1

1 .20 3

-

-

35

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.............................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

_

-

31

162.00

5

-

72

1 5 2.00

-

1

-

38

1 4 0 .0 0 -

-

1

-

26

1 3 8 .0 0 -

-

2

-

1

1 5 2.0 0

2

-

8

1 4 6.0 0

-

_

2

4

16

7

1 4 7.50

-

_

2

16

25

1

1 5 4.50

-

-

32

20

6

4 0 .0

-

_

3

21

46

9

3 9 .5

-

_

1

52

12

40

122

-

_

3

21

33

3

191

~
2

-

_

-

73

9

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B .............................
MANUFACTURING...............................................

-

4

12

6

*

-

-

9
3

1
-

201.00

162.00

-

_

8

177.00

180.00

71

-

15

1

159.50

274

10

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53

3

_

7

13

1
-

35

65

14

18

16

35

33

7

11

4

19

44

87

125

172

188

121

128

38

53

20

26

11

29

109

104

62

98

25

33

15

19

34

13

1

-

1

33

58

71
54

57
-

63

84

59

30

13

20

5

7

14

40

57

2

-

6

9

1

-

5
-

10

45

65

70

100

32

43

13

10

29

17

6

33

46

41

84

24

29

11

7

16

13

49
-

3
1

-

7
1

13
4

1
-

5

4

12

19

29

16

8

14

2

3

13

4

49

2

-

6

9

1

44

82

115

127

123

51

_

21

19
18

_

58

16
12

_

76

7
4

_

65

10
4

_

19

33

29
53

6
1

8

1 1

28
14

36

-

168.00

26
23

-

-

1
1

19

-

8
8

50

51

65

30

14

5
1

6
1

3
2

4

1
1

8
8

-

4

36
36

-

2

1

4

3

1

4

3

-

-

-

378

3 8 .0

1 6 3.50

1 5 5.0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -

175.00

57

3 8 .0

2 3 5.0 0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 4 2 .5 0 -

2 4 2.50

PAYROLL CLERKS....................................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

269

3 9 .5

179.00

1 7 0.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

203.00

-

14

38

26

35

28

29

10

10

17

12

11

9

3 9 .5

175.00

1 6 8.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

19 5.0 0

6
-

11

206

7

13

34

22

29

21

23

8

8

15

11

7

3 9 .0

1 9 1.00

1 7 7.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

230.00

“

6

4

1

4

4

6

7

6

2

2

2

1

4

2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.......................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUF A CT UR IN 6 ........... .. .........................

796

3 9 .0

1 6 2.00

1 5 8.5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -

1 7 4.50

-

392

3 9 .5

165.00

16 2.0 0

1 4 9 .0 0 -

17 8.0 0

404

3 8 .0

1 5 9.50

1 5 4.00

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 7 1.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ...........
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

231

3 9 .0

1 7 9.00

1 7 4.0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -

189.00

_

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . . . . .
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING........... ................... ..

119

4 0 .0

178.50

1 6 9.0 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -

180.00

1 7 6.5 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -

29

107

133

132

135

105

63

24

11

3

25

1

13

7

18

74

78

80

58

28

12

4

3

19

1

22

89

59

54

55

47

35

12

7

-

6

*

5

4

1

4

7

16

23

55

31

43

21

10

1

5

1

12

3

-

6

10

16

11

4

1

5

1

10

19
4

38

7

17

21

27

10

6

-

-

565

3 9 .0

15 5.0 0

1 5 0.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

168.00

74

20

1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -

171.00

18

117
68

80

159.50

29
7

109

39 .5

8
2

100

273

59

42

48

12

-

3 8 .0

151.50

1 4 6.50

1 3 8 .5 0 -

161.50

6

22

82

49

50

38

26

8

2

4

3

1
1

2

20

-

-

3
-

-

3

_

3

-

-

-

3

1

1

1

1

14
6

3
-

8
4

2

1

292

-

4

*

-

-

189.00
-

-

8

6
-

*

1

8

See footnotes at end of tables.




“

2

189.50

3 8 .0

2

“

-

7

63

112

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers. Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Weekl y earnings 1
( standard)
N u mb e r

O ccup ation and in d u str y d iv isio n
workers

Aver age
weekl y
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

OF

UNDER

AND

WORKERS

150
Me a n 2

Medi an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

150

3 8 .5
40.0

*374.50

*365.00

118

3 8 6.50

382.00

3 4 5 .5 0 -

413.00

102

3 7 .5

360.50

355.00

3 2 3 .0 0 -

180

190

200

210

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
MANUFACTURING................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

220

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

91

39 .0

417.50

409.00

55

40 .0

426.00

409.00

* 3 3 0 .0 0 — **09.00
4

3 7 0 .0 0 3 7 0 .0 0 -

452.50

3 8 .5

353.50

352.00

3 2 1 .0 0 -

384.00

51

40 .0

360.00

365.50

3 2 3 .5 0 -

-

-

_

3 8 .5

268.00

261.00

2 2 6 .0 0 -

297.50

84

39.5

286.00

280.00

2 5 0 .0 0 -

_

323.00

~

_

_

*
_

'

'

300

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

6

8

26

21

440

460

_

_

_

39

23

33

26

6

10

20

1

3

2

13

7

19

14

17

17

3

9

*13

3

6

13

14

20

9

16

9

3

1

7

11

14

19

3

8

**20

9

9

4

12

1

7

13

_
*

_

_

-

_

_

“

-

_

-

_

3

7

13

15

16

11

18

7

3

2

*

_

_

-

3

2

7

6

6

5

13

5

2

2

-

257.50

246.00

2 2 1 .0 0 -

280.00

38.5

310.00

307.00

2 6 7 .5 0 -

336.00

_

54

38 .0

300.00

281.00

2 6 4 .0 0 -

316.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B...............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

88

38 .5
38 .0

254.50

246.00

2 2 9 .0 0 -

269.00

240.00

230.50

2 2 4 .5 0 -

246.50

26

42

30

36

25

11

23

3

6

7

4

-

_

-

3

-

2

4

6

3

20

22

36

15

8

3

5
2

1
3

-

3

2
4

-

2

1
2

-

~

17
19

10

~

10
20

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

_

_

-

2

“

88

5

2
-

-

3 8 .0

2

_

-

3

~

-

141

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

10
9

11

20

10

9

20

2

6

6

4

“

-

9

15

10

8

1

2

4

2

3

“

1

_

-

-

24

17

16

13

2

3

23

10

4

4

-

2

_

1
-

_

-

-

27
12

43

47

18

42

53

22

13

4

3

6

-

-

_

_

_

13

9

29

16

10

9

3

2

3

2
-

-

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

15

10

34

9

13

37

12

4

1

1

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

8

33

15

11

3

2

4

2

_

_

_

_

4

31

7

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

18

37

15

32

17

3

_

_

_

_

1

11

29
24

13

8

24

14

2

2

7

5

24

7

8

3

1

-

-

-

14

4

2

2

3

4

COMPUTER OPERATORS..........................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .. ..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

339

39 .0

205.00

197.00

1 7 8 .5 0 -

221.00

9

18

32

180

39.5

202.00

190.00

1 7 0 .0 0 -

217.50

3

14

24

159

38.5

208.50

200.00

1 8 5 .0 0 -

225.00

6

4

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ..............
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

85

38.5

244.00

231.00

2 2 0 .0 0 -

260.00

-

-

-

2
2

6

53

38 .0

232.00

224.00

2 2 0 .0 0 -

232.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ..............
MANUFACTURING................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

162

39 .0

202.00

195.50

1 8 7 .0 0 -

212.00

97

39 .0

201.00

198.50

1 8 6 .5 0 -

212.00

65

3 8 .5

204.00

195.50

1 9 1 .0 0 -

210.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ..............
MANUFACTURING................................................

92

39 .5

173.50

168.00

1 5 8 .0 0 -

180.00

9

16

29

9

51

40.0

165.50

168.00

1 5 7 .5 0 -

168.00

3

14

23

1

9

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

16

6

31

14

23

20

42

31

19

24

8

15

4

27

13

22

18

40

DR AF TE R S ....................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .. ...........................................

320

'

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A...............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................

53

2 80

OF —

16

-

-

386.00

225

260

DOLLARS)

1

-

456.00

95

240

(IN

2

393.50

220

EARNINGS

OVER

"

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

WEEKLY

AND

"

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .. ..........................................

170

S T R A IG H T - TIME

UNDER
160

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ............................................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUEACTURING........................................

160

RECEIVING

267

4 0 .0

2 4 3.00

244.00

1 9 9 .0 0 -

281.00

5
2

1

-

2

1

1

2

_

_

2

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

6

2

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

231

4 0 .0

241.50

244.00

2 0 0 .0 0 -

275.00

28

16

15

18

4

1

-

-

-

~

OR AFT ERS . CLASS A ........................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

53

4 0 .0

314.00

315.00

3 0 0 .5 0 -

334.00

7

6

15

18

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

51

40 .0

312.50

307.00

2 9 6 .0 0 -

332.50

7

6

15

18

4

1

-

-

-

-

DR AF TE R S. CLASS B ........................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

114

40 .0

255.00

252.00

2 4 0 .0 0 -

274.00

-

9

1

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

95

40 .0

246.50

245.00

2 2 8 .0 0 -

266.50

“

DRA FT ERS . CLASS C ........................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

81

4 0 .0

196.00

190.00

1 8 0 .0 0 -

207.00

-

70

40.0

195.50

190.00

1 7 9 .0 0 -

206.50

-

78

39.5

292.00

298.50

2 5 9 .0 0 -

298.50

-

-

-

-

69

39.5

2 4 4.50

244.00

2 3 0 .0 0 -

250.00

-

_

_

3

56

40 .0

24 3.0 0

239.50

2 3 0 .0 0 -

251.50
'

'

EL EC TR O N IC S

T E C H N I C IA N S .............................

R EG IST ERE D I N D U S TR I A L NURSES.................
MANUFACTURING................................................

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d as fo llo w s :

2 at $ 4 6 0 to $ 4 8 0 ; 2 at $ 4 8 0
6 at $ 4 6 0 to $ 4 8 0 ; 5 at $ 4 8 0

to $ 5 0 0 ;
to $ 5 0 0 ;

-

-

-

-

2

1

16

9

38

24

13

2

1

16

9

36

21

10

3

4

16

4

29

9

7

9

4

15

2

25

8

6

7

3

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

7

10

8

31

5

1

8

-

2

-

-

1

_

4

5

2

19

21

4

4

2

5

_

_

_

2

5

2

16

16

4

3

1

4

3

1 at $ 5 0 0
1 at $ 5 0 0

"

to $ 5 2 0 ; 7 at $ 5 4 0
to $ 5 2 0 ; 7 at $ 5 4 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

5

to $ 5 6 0 ; and 1 at $ 580 and over.
to $ 5 6 0 ; and 1 at $ 580 and over.

*

1

_
“

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Avert#*
Occu pa ti on , s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

of
worker*

W eek hr
hour#
(standard)

W e e k ly
earnings1
(standard)

Occu pa ti on , s e x , 3 and i nd us tr y divi si on

Number
of
worker#

W eekly

hours1
(standard)

W eek ly
earning#1
(standard)

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS UOHEN— CONTINUED

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS MEN
NESSEN6ERS..............................................................

60

3 B .0

A vera g e
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

(m e a n 2 )
Num ber

$ 1 5 2 .0 0 F I L E

w
orkers

W eek ly

hour#1
(standard'

|

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND T ECH NI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - NEN

CLERKS— CONTINUED

F I L E CLERKS# CLASS B ...............................
NONNANUFACTURING.......................................

150
130

3 8 . 0 $ 1 4 1 .0 0
1 40 .5 0
38.0

FILE

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS UOHEN

Occupation, s e x . 3 and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

302
60

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

CONPUTER SYSTENS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS):
83

37.5

$ 3 6 5 .0 0

CONPUTER SY STENS ANALYSTS
S E C R E T A R IE S ________________________________
MA NU FACTURING-..........................................,
NONNANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S - - - - - - __________

*606
660
32

37 *
"
38.0

^01*50
1 9 0 .0 0
2 0 2 . jQ

CLERKS# CLASS C ........... ....................

1 31 .5 0
1 30 .0 0

SE CR FT AR TE S.

Cl ASS R_________________

SE CR ETARIES# CLASS D - - _________T , , ,
M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - - - - - - - __________ T

39*0

2 43
162

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 59 .5 0
1 55 .5 0

221
279

an n

39.0
3 9 .5
38.0

1 76 .5 0
1 72 -5 0
1 80 -5 0

3 .0

177

i *t -n
■
1 6 6 -5 0

39.0
39.5
38.0

1 97 .0 0
1 84 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0

660

39.0

358

3 8 .0

16 3 .0 0
1 62 .0 0
1 63 .5 0

38*0
62

38.5

CLASS B...............................................................

535
ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS A ................

445

PAYROLL C L E R K S .- • . . .
MAN U F A C T U R I N G -•••••••••••••...........
N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G ...............•

1 6 5 .0 0

62

39.0
40.0

265
203
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

17 8 .0 0
1 74 .5 0
1 90 .5 0

OCCUPATIONS -

569
200
369

3 8 .0
39.5
37.0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

38.0

3 9 .0

221

3 9 .0

109

38.0

1 77 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 76 .5 0

286

3 9 .5
38.0

1 55 .5 0
1 60 .0 0
1 51 .5 0

136*00
NONNANUFACTURING.......................................

S ee footnotes at end o f ta b le s .




59

39.0

249.50

39.0

207.00

40-0
40-0

242.00
238.00

105
86

40-0
40-0

254.00
244.50

4 0.0

1 9 2 .0 0

39.5

292.00

59

38.5

2 4 1 .5 0

143
98

38.5
39.5

1 9 3 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B . . . . . .
MANUFACTURING...••••••••••••••••

74
53

38.5
3 9.0

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

65
52

39.5
40.0

240.50
238.00

1 61 .5 0

CLASS A . - - . -

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS#

1 3 7 .5 0

37*5

213.50
218.00

REGISTERED I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S . . . . . . .

768

NONNANUFACTURING.......................................
- I L E CLERK S_______________________________
M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - - - - - - - ______ T T T t
NONNANUFACTURING_____________________

2 6 2 .5 0

39.0
39.5

WOMEN

CONPUTER PROGRAHNERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .

1 58 .5 0
T Y P I S T S . CLASS B..........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - . - - __________ ^ ,

38.5

62

1 5 5 .5 0

* a i .0 0
nn

60

223
192

NANUFACTURING................................................

l* * 6 ^ 0

37*0

3 1 2 .5 0

78

1 #105

*

403

38.5

83

COMPUTER OPERATORS# CLASS A . . . . . .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

218

STENOGRAPHERS. G FN FR A I ______________
NONNANUFACTURING_____________________

2 7 7 .5 0
292.00
266.50

CONPUTER PROGRAHNERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .

f !! H "!!?

1 9 4 .0 0

4 1 5 .5 0

38.5
39.5
38.0

189
75
114

1 54 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S - - - - - - - - •••••••••••••••

39.0

166
71
95

76

1 63 .00
1 68 .0 0
1 51 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0
194
197

380

T Y P I S T S - - - - - - - ______ ________________ _
,
MA NU FAC TUR IN G-- - - - - - __________ T T , ,
NON MANUFACTURING- - - __________ _
-

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
38.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ................ -••••••••••• - .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -- ........... .............. .. ............
NON M AN UF ACT URI NG .....................................

30.0

SECRETARIES# CLASS F ____ ____________
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -- . - - - _____________ , , ,
STENOGRAPHERS______________________________

251
176
75

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS..................... ............
NONMANUFACTURING.•••••••••••••-•

227.50

221
107

MA NU FAC TUR ING-- - - __________ T , , .
NONNANUFACTURING______________ ______

249.50

1 71 .0 0
1 68 .00

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

39.0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS# CLASS B................

60

82

NONNANUFACTURING.......................................

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A ................................

"

62
CONPUTER PROGRAMHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .

6

Table A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Providence—
Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I. — Mass., June 1979
Hourly earnings *

Oc cupation and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

NUMBER OF UORKERS R EC EI V IN G

M edian 2

4.20 4.40
UNDER
AND
4 . 2 0 UNDER
4 .4 0 4.60

Number
of
M ean2

M iddle range 2

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS........................
MANUFACTURING........................ ................. ..

126
87

$6.12
6.00

$ 5 .9 9
5.95

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ...........................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .. ...........................................

343
301

7.04
6.90

6.84
6.62

6 .1 2 6 .0 9 -

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN I S T S ................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

<(13
411

6 .7 4
6.73

6.37
6.37

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( M A C H IN E R YI . .
MANUFACTURING................................................

427
371

6.36
6.21

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S I .............................................
MANUFACTURING................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................................
PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ...................................

169
67
102
85

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S .............. ..............
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .. ...........................................

ST RA IG H T - T I M E

HOURLY EARNINGS ( I N

DOLLARS)

OF —

4.60

4.80

5.00

5 .2 0 5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6 .2 0

6 . 40 6 . 6 0 6 . 8 0

7.00

7.20

7.60

4.80

5.00

5 .2 0

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.40

6 . 60 6 . 8 0 7 . 0 0

7.20 7 .6 0

8.00

4
4

19
12

10
9

5
5

17
17

19
12

5
5

2
2

9
8

6
6

3
3

4
2

10
1

3

2

*

“

6
5

23
21

28
3

2
*

1

15
15

80
80

24
24

21
21

2

4
4

31
31

35
23

-

30
30

24

-

8
8
-

9
8
1
1

17
4
13
8

4
3
1
1

19
1
18
18

-

4
2
2
"

-

10
10

1
1

-

-

“

3

*

2
2

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
29

24
24

26
26

126
126

114
114

232
232

14
14

6

22

28

-

3

2

*

1

33
33

1

10
10

4
4

-

1
1

-

-

1

-

4
1

3

-

-

-

7.47
7.35

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

3
3

10
10

7
7

23
23

55
48

17
17

37
37

17
17

23
23

28
28

45
41

5 .9 6 5 .9 6 -

7 .6 5
7.64

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

14
14

21
21

5
5

22
22

53
53

73
73

22
22

-

-

-

37
37

6
6

11
11

6.30
5.90

5 .5 0 5 .2 6 -

7 .1 1
6.98

-

10
10

5
5

2
2

10
6

18
18

59
59

35
33

35
31

25
25

9
5

33
31

3
3

19
17

44
42

7 .2 1
6.49
7.68
7 .7 5

6.98
6.30
7.45
7 .7 1

6 .0 0 5 .9 0 6 .0 0 6 .0 0 -

8 .0 2
7 .1 1
9 .7 0
9 .8 7

-

-

15
15
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

7
7
7

9
9
-

22
22
16

17
11
6
4

3
3
“

4
2
2
2

94
94

6.30
6.30

5.96
5.96

5 .8 4 5 .8 4 -

6.30
6.30

-

8
8

10
10

-

34
34

2
2

16
16

-

*

1
1

-

7
7

TRADES HELPERS......................

103

5.20

5 .2 1

4 .9 2 -

1

42

2

3

-

3

-

1

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS.......................................
MANUFACTURING........................ ......................

651
651

7.50
7.50

7.72
7.72

3
3

7
7

6
6

9
9

25
25

12
12

24
24

S T AT IO NA R Y E N G IN E ER S .....................................

77

7 .1 1

-

8

1

1

-

2

1

BOILER TENDER S.....................................................
MANUFACTURING................................................

148
140

5.81
5.85

4
4

3
2

10
10

3
3

-

3
3

-

MAINTENANCE

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d as f o llo w s :

$ 5 .4 6 - $6.70
6.36
5 .5 6 -

_

“

-

-

-

5 .2 1

1

3

3

4

34

7 .1 0 7 .1 0 -

8 .0 0
8.00

.

_

_

_

-

*

7.09

6 .9 8 -

7.59

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5.38
5.39

4 .8 7 4 .8 7 -

6.83
6.83

-

1

4
2

3
3

45
42

-

23
23

-

9 at $ 9 .6 0 to $ 10; 16 at $ 10 to $ 1 0 .4 0 ; and 2 at $ 1 0 .4 0 to $ 1 0 .8 0 .

S ee footn otes at end of t a b le s .




7

-

8.40 8.80 9.20 9 .6 0
AND
OVER
8 .4 0 8 . 8 0 9 . 2 0 9 . 6 0
8 .0 0

*

_

16
16
3

3
-

-

*27
1
26
24

3

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Hourly ta m in gs *

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n
I

Number
of
workers

NUMBER

OF

2 .90

3 .0 0

3.10

3.20

3 .9 0

3.60

3.80

9.00

9.20

9 .90

9.60

9 .80

5.00

5.20

5 .9 0

5.60

6 .2 0

6 .8 0

7.90

8.00

8 .6 0

9 .2 0

3 .1 0

3.20

3.90

3 .6 0

3.80

9 .0 0

9 .20

9 .9 0

9 .60

9.80

5 .00

5 . 20

5.90

5 .6 0

6 .2 0

6 .8 0

7 .90

8.00

8 .6 0

9 .2 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .9 0

WORKERS

RECEIVING

S TR A IG H T-T IN E

HOURLY

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

■

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

9.80

AND
UNDER
3.00

TRUCKDRIVERS................ .. ................. ..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . . . ................
NON MANUFACTURING................... ..
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

189

228

9

17

20

21

7

16

30

1

12

7

19

10

59

30

5.53

5.11

9 .0 9 -

6 .9 7

-

-

8

19

9

22

26

8

-

25
-

92

3

-

1

9

1

1

1

12
-

18

-

1
-

9

1 0 .1 5

7
-

29

7 .9 1 -

21
-

15

9 .3 5

7
-

8

8.72

3

1

1

32

9

18

189

25

29

183

228

6

3

2

159

208

-

-

7

8

17

19

19

4

7

9

-

3

2

-

2

3

_

-

3

_

-

-

-

7

8

8

19

19

9

7

8

-

3

2

-

2

-

-

-

~

-

~

1
-

1
-

2

1

5

3

1

8

3

6

9

9

198

-

99

137

-

2

1

9

3

1

8

2

6

9

25
-

_

-

-

1

-

-

92

2
135

980

* 7 .8 7

*8 .5 9

* 6 .9 2 -

* 9 .7 5

378

9.79

1 0 .1 5

9 .3 5 -

1 0 .1 5

TRUCKDRIVERS. L I 6 H T TRUCK...................
M A NU FA CT UR IN G. ................................... .. .

103

9 .09

3 .8 9

3 .5 0 -

9.31

87

3.89

3 .9 0

3 .9 0 -

9 .2 0

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . .....................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

393

7 .9 0

7 .9 1

7 .9 1 -

9 .3 5

76

7.26

8 .9 3

9 .9 9 -

8 .93

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

66

186

7

259
721

317

8.06

7 .91

7 .9 1 -

9 .35

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

25

-

3

198

-

2

HEAVY TRUCK...................

85

7 .0 0

7 .3 3

5 .7 8 -

7 .7 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

1

2

8

1

10

5

12

27

-

9

-

8

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRAC T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .
MANUFACTURING....................................... .......
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

370

9.26

1 0 .1 5

9 .1 0 -

1 0 .1 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

9

-

-

_

5

3

1

25

10

9

25

18

99

220

2

9

9

-

-

-

5

3

1

25

3

9

25

18

98
29

220

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS.

52

5 .9 9

6 .3 5

5 .3 0 -

-

6 .6 9

318

9 .8 0

1 0 .1 5

9 .7 5 -

1 0 .0 8

1 0 .1 5

1 0 .1 5 -

-

1 0 .1 5

229

1

1

7

1 0 .1 5

S H IPP ERS .......................... .. ......................................
M A N U FA CT UR IN G .. .................................. ..

287

5.11

5 .0 0

9 .9 0 -

5 .2 9

-

252

9.86

5 .0 0

9 .9 0 -

5 .2 3

-

R EC EI V ER S ..................... ...........................................
MANUFACTURING........................ ......................

186

9.96

9 .8 0

9 .0 0 -

5.71

-

-

12

1

7

198

9.75

9 .5 5

3 .9 5 -

5.51

-

-

12

1

7

SHIPPERS AND R EC EI V ER S ...............................
MANUFACTURING....................................... ..

159

5 .5 6

5 .3 5

9 .6 0 -

6 .1 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

197

5 .9 2

5 .3 5

9 .6 0 -

6 .0 3

*

*

*

*

*

-

W A R EH O U SE M EN .. .. ..............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ................... ..
NONMANUFACTURING................ .............. ..
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

758

5.95

5 .3 8

9 .8 6 -

6 .9 0

-

992

5 .22

5 .3 8

9 .8 5 -

5.92

_

2

1

3

22

21

8

30

8

27

56

99

10

8

17

15

10

-

-

2

1

3

22

21

8

30

8

27

56

99

7

8

8

“

2

1

29

23

8

12

2

10

8

9

22

19

22

3

8

-

-

1

23

16

4

11

2

10

6

9

17

19

15

*

*

*

*

-

22

3
3

9

15

-

19

15

-

-

8

15

~

19

15

22

37

7

19

18

-

37

7

19

7

“
1

-

9

22

3

19

28

9

93

33

68

106

193

90

30

116

69

29

-

9

21

3

18

23

6

19

18

22

126

26

1

53

35

-

“
-

9

-

-

200

-

-

1

5

3

29

15

68
-

89

17

19

29

63

29

25

“

~

*

-

-

-

“

-

-

1

2

16

9

25

22

12

35

98

96

35

8

52

_

20

50

-

99

-

-

-

56

25

22

12

35

98

96

35

6

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76

93

31

33

25

39

15

69

9

7

3

53

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

68

-

-

-

68

“

“

-

316

5.78

5 .5 0

5 .1 3 -

6 .6 9

28

7 .07

6 .9 6

6 .9 6 -

7 .9 0

1

ORDER F I L L E R S . . . ................... ...........................
MA NU FA CT UR IN G. ...........................................

795

9.28

3 .7 5

3 .3 0 -

9 .9 8

19

92

56

190

96

557

3.81

3 .9 3

3 .2 3 -

9 .9 3

19

92

56

190

SHI PP ING PACKERS...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . .....................

522

9.13

3 .8 7

3 .9 1 -

9.89

-

12

39

76

-

*

969

9 .1 0

3 .8 0

3 .3 5 -

9 .8 9

-

12

39

76

76

29

31

19

25

20

15

69

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS........... ..
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NON MA NUFACTURING............................... .

1 *010

9 .5 3

4 .3 6

3 .6 5 -

9 .9 8

8

39

4

71

118

110

23

143

39

67

56

4

909

9 .33

9 .3 0

3 .6 5 -

9 .7 0

8

39

9

70

85
80

119

107

18

193

39

67

55

101

6 .30

7 .1 9

5 .2 1 -

7.33

-

-

-

1

5

9

3

5

~

1

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS................................ ..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ........... ......................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

870

5 .97

5 .1 7

9 .7 9 -

5 .9 5

_

-

_

-

_

-

731

5.31

5 .1 7

9 .7 9 -

5.75

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

139

6.32

7 .1 8

9 .7 2 -

7 .3 3

-

-

-

-

1

-

150

50

40

91

71

15

17

16

65

3

158

-

158

“

-

6
~

1 69

59

22

98

119

89

160

59

20

98

110

13

4

-

2

17

3

10

9

21

11

1

9

9

7

-

12

32

98

136

93

10

25

90

112

87

2

7

8

29

6

25

13

12

30

10

10

7

27

-

-

2

-

“

-

53

6

19

-

9

7
16

-

1

9
-

-

~

1

-

-

1

-

-

71
-

-

-

6
1
5

-

-

-

-

GUARDS........................................................................
M A NU FA CT UR IN G. ...........................................
NON MA NUFACTURING.................. .................

1 *233

3.29

3 .0 0

2 .9 0 -

3 .3 0

597

192

209

9 .15

3 .8 7

3 .7 3 -

9 .6 2

-

5

1 *029

3.12

2 .9 0

2 .9 0 -

3 .1 0

597

137

150

35

23

25

6

15

3

5

3

6

2

1

-

19

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

GUARDS* CLASS 6 . . . . ..................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ..................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ...........................

1*156

3.19

2 .9 5

2 .9 0 -

3 .1 5

597

192

99

38

35

61

18

10

7

21

7

2

1

16

-

-

•

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

JA NI TO R S * PORTERS* AND C L E A N E R S . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ..................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

135

3.99

3 .8 7

3 .5 9 -

9 .1 2

5

150
-

19

15

10

55

3

7

2

18

1

2
-

1

1

1*021

3.09

2 .9 0

2 .9 0 -

3 .10

597

137

150

35

23

25

6

15

3

5

3

6

2

1

-

13

1 *907

3.96

3 .7 5

3 .2 5 -

9 .3 0

5

215

80

138

191

97

120

115

65

33

33

20

55

3

33

66

11

-

619

9 .2 8

9 .1 6

3 .8 3 -

9 .6 6

3

9

3

35

56

96

127
102

73

95

33

29

30

17

55

2

12

15

9

-

788

3.72

3 .9 0

3 .0 5 -

3 .8 5

2

206

77

103

135

51

25

97

20

32

9

3

3

1

21

51

7

-

S ee footnotes at end o f t a b le s .




7
-

8

3

_
-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Occupation, s e x , 3 and i nd us tr y div is io n

HA I N T E N A N C E *
POUERPLANT

TOOLROOM.

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try divi si on

MATERIAL

AND
MEN

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS

-

AND

MEN—

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

CUSTODIAL

CONTINUED
$5*12

158

5 .15

727

5 .4 2

28

7.07

288

4.79

217

4 .20

6 .90

MECHANICS

(M A C H IN E R Y )..

427

6 .3 6

371

MAINTENANCE

6.21

W A R E H O U S E M E N .................................................................................
PUBLIC

MAINTENANCE

U T I L I T I E S .................................................

MECHANICS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

102

7 .6 8
4.31

7 .7 5
P I P E F I T T E R S . . . . ...........................

94

95

89 A

4 .3 5
6.47

866

5.47

6 .3 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..................................................................

4 .31
4 .5 5

93

MAINTENANCE

237
987

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

5.08
FO RK LIFT

O P E R A T O R S ....................................................

77
139

6 .3 2

1 e l53

3.25

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................

991

3.12

................................................................

1 .11 7

3.19

134

3 .9 5

C L E A N E R S ....

1 .1 9 7

3.99

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

646

3 .72

232

3 .8 8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................
BOILER

T E N D E R S ......................................................................

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

AND

OCCUPATIONS

-

1A 8

5.81

CUSTODIAL
MEN

GUARDS.

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ......................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................... ..............................

259

5 .53

717

8.71

37 A

JA N ITO R S .

PORTERS.

AND

9 .7 5

TRUCKDRIVERS.
LIGHT
T R U C K ...........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

103

A.OA

87

3.89

TRUCKDRIVERS.

MEDIUM

T R U C K .......................

389

7 .8 9

85

7 .0 0

TRUCKDRIVERS.

TRAC T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .

370

9 .26

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

52

5.99

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

318

9 .8 0

22 A

1 0 .0 8

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS

AND
-

CUSTODIAL

WOMEN

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S ......................................

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., for selected periods
In d u stry and occu p ation al group 5

A l l in d u str ie s:
O ffice c l e r i c a l _______________________________ _____ ___
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . . . _____ . . ___________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s ____________________________ ___________
S k illed m ain te n an ce tr a d e s . . . ______________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s
M a n u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s __________________________________________
S k illed m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s _____________________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s _________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ____________________________ . . . --------E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s _________________________________

M ay 1972
to
M ay 1973

M a y 1973
to
M a y 19 74

M ay 1974 to June 1975
1 3 -m on th
in c r e a s e

A nn ual rate
of in c r e a se

June 1975
to
June 1976

June 1976
to
June 1977

June 1977
to
June 1978

June 1 9 78
to
June 197 9

5 .6

6 .0

(6 )
5 .0
6 .6
5 .5

(6)
6 .5
6 .1
8 .8

8 .8
7 .6
8 .5
8 .9
7 .4

8.1
7 .0
7 .8
8.2
6 .8

6 .8
6 .6
5 .5
8.2
8.2

6 .7
6 .8
6 .8
8.1
7 .9

7.7
7.2
9.3
7.1
9.9

7 .4
7 .7
6 .9
9.1
8 .9

5 .4

6 .5

7 .7

6 .4

(6 )
7 .9
8.3
8.2

(6 )
5 .3
7 .4
8.2

7 .0
(6 )
7 .4
7 .7
8.2

7.9

(6 )
6 .3
6.1
8 .5

7.1
(6)
7 .3
7 .6
7 .5

7 .3

(6 )
4 .8
6.1
5 .4

(‘ )
(6)
7 .2
10 .7

(6 )
7 .3
9 .5
8 .3

6 .0

5 .6
(6 )
( 6)
8 .7

9 .8

9 .0

6 .4

6 .4

7.6

(6 )
(6 )
6 .0

n
(6 )
5 .5

(6 )
(6 )
8.1

(6 )
(6 )
7 .5

(6 )
(6 )

(*)
(6 )

8. 4

9.6

(6 )
( b )

5 .8

8 .2

See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le s .
NOTE:
A r e v is e d d e sc r ip tio n fo r c o m p u ter o p e r a to r s is being in trod u ced in th is a r e a in 19 79 .
T h e r e v ise d d e s c r ip tio n is not c o n s id e r e d
eq u ivalen t to the p r e v io u s d e sc r ip tio n .
T h e r e f o r e , th e ea rn in g s o f c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s a r e not used in com puting p ercen t in c r e a s e s fo r the e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g grou p.




10

P ro vid e n ce —Warwick—

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations.
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l occu p ation being c o m p a red —
O ccup ation w hich eq u a ls 100

Secretaries

Class A

Class B

Class C

Steno­
graphers,
general
Class D

Class E

SECRETARIES*

CLASS

A . ...............................

CLASS

B ...................................

115

CLASS

C

...........................

136

119

CLASS

D ...................................

142

127

E ...................................

154

143

110
117

100
115

156

140

121

121

(6 )

Class A

Class B

Class B

Sw itch ­
board
operators

Class C

Sw itch ­
board
operatorr ecep ­
tionists

A cc o u n tin g clerks

Order clerks

K ey entry operators
Payroll
clerks

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

100

G E N E R A L ...........................

M essengers

100

S ECR ETAR IES.

F ile cleik s

100

S ECR ETAR IES.

Typists

100

S ECR ETAR IES.

Transcrib in gm ach in e
typists

S EC R ETA R IES .

CLASS

STENOGRAPHERS.

100
100

174

140

125

118

(6 )

96

TY P IS T S .

CLASS

A ..................................................

191

143

129

114

95

(61

(6 )

T Y P IS T S .

CLASS

B ......................................

187

155

143

131

111

111

115

(6 )

100

128
137

110

111

104

12 5

(61

107
(61

(6 )

95
104

100
(6 )

131

11 5

118

118

133

107

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE

T Y P I S T S ..

100

B ...................................

178

F IL E CLER KS.
C L A S S C ...................................
M E S S E N G E R S .......................................................................

216

159
165

176

162

135
153
137

105

88

100

SWITCHBOARD

O P E R A T O R S ................................

154

137

118

109

(6 )

(61

90

103

89

90

78

86

100

SWITCHBOARD

OPERATOR150

136

117

113

101

95

97

107

87

88

81

101

(6 )
89

89
(6 >

(61

92

(61

(6 )

99

91

88

108
96

F IL E

CLERKS*

CLASS

R E C E P T I O N I S T S .........................................................
ORDER
ORDER

CLERKS.
CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING
ACCOUNTING
PAYROLL
KEY
KEY

131

122

109

(6 )

(6 )

(61

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

153

144

135

118

(61

(61

89

(6 )

89

98

A ----------

132

121

104

97

89

83

91
109

81

70

95

77
90

84

78
89

A ...............................

CLASS

CLERKS.

(6 )

B ...............................

CLASS

CLERKS.

CLASS
CLASS

B . . . .

C L E R K S .........................................................

ENTRY
ENTRY

100

OPERATORS.
OPERATORS.

CLASS
CLASS

A ..
B ..

100
100
(6 )

100

102

98
117

102

122

100

92

105

90

102

91

100

100
132

92
102

107
118

87
99

99
113

154

138

120

112

10 7

98

81
98

137

126

107

103

95

94

91

94

86

79

73

80

142

127
144

111

100

96

81

96

93

101

103

(6 )
88

80

107

78
91

80

116

78
100

91

126

88

107

105

171

98

82

100

100
121

100

P r o f e s s io n a l and tec h n ica l occu p ation b ein g c om p ared —
C om puter systems analysts (business)

C om pu ter operators

C om puter program m ers (business)

Drafters
nuises

Class A

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S ).
COMPUTER

(B U S IN E S S ).
COMPUTER

Class B

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

A ...................................

100

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B ...................................

122

100

143

116

100

162

PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S ).
COMPUTER

Class A

ANALYSTS

CLASS

SYSTEMS

Class B

CLASS

A ...................................

PROGRAMMERS

( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ...................................
COMPUTER OPERATORS.
CLASS A . . .

166

137
135

1 21
121

100
105

100

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

CLASS

B . . .

195

167

1 40

122

128

100

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

CLASS

C . . .

245

202

181

153

144

12 7

100

89
99

(6 )
77

DRAFTERS.
DRAFTERS.

CLASS
CLASS

A ..............................................
B .............................................

(6 )
176

115
145

116
125

(6 )
117

(6 )
(6 )

100
117

100

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

C ..............................................

(6 )

180

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

98

76

(6 )

164

138

122

107

100

86

68

112

126
99

REGISTERED

INDUSTRIAL

N URSES..

100
82

100

S ee footnote at end o f t a b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the avera ge pay rela tio n sh ip betw een p a ir s o f o ccu p ation s w ithin e s t a b lis h m e n ts . F o r e x a m p le , a valu e o f 122 in d ic a tes that ea rn in g s for the occupation d irec tly
above in the heading a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a te r than earn ing s for the occu p ation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a valu e o f 85 in d ic a tes e a rn in g s fo r the o ccu p ation in the heading are 15 p ercen t
b elo w ea rn in g s for the o ccu p ation in the stub.
S ee appendix A fo r m eth od o f com p utation.




11

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
M a in te n a n ce , t o o lr o o m , and pow erplant occupation being co m p a red —
O ccupation w hich equ als 100

M ech an ics
E lectricians

Carpenters

M achinists

Pipefitters
M achinery

M A IN TEN A N C E

C A R P E N T E R S ...........................
E L E C T R I C I A N S ....................

9A

M A C H I N I S T S ...........................

92

105

100

M A IN TEN A N C E

M EC H A N IC S
102

109

105

95

106

102

B oiler tenders

100

M A IN TEN A N C E

Stationary engineers

100

M A IN TEN A N C E

T o o l and d ie makers

Trades helpers

M otor v eh icles

( M A C H I N E R Y ) ................................................................
M A IN TEN A N C E
(M O T O R

100
100

105

101

97

97

120

125

136

115

(6 )

M A K E R S ......................................

87

95

95

85

91

90

68

E N G I N E E R S ..................................

94

110

108

96

99

107

(6 )

T E N D E R S ........................................................

111

119

115

105

105

110

P I P E F I T T E R S ........................

M A IN TEN A N C E

TRADES

AND

D IE

S TA TIO N A R Y
B O ILE R

99

98

H E L P E R S ....

M A IN TEN A N C E
TOOL

100

M E C H A N IC S

V E H I C L E S ) .............................................

(6 )

100
100
(6 )

100

143

88

107

100

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and cu sto d ia l occupation being c om p ared —

Truckdrivers
Shippers
Light truck

TR U C K D R IV ER S.

LIG H T

TR U C K D R IV E R S .

M ED IU M

T R U C K ................

TR U C K D R IV E R S .

HEAVY

TR U C K D R IV E R S .

M edium truck

H eavy truck

R eceivers

Shippers and
receivers

W arehousem en

Order fillers

Shipping packers

T ractor-trailer

M aterial
handling
laborers

F orklift
operators

Guards, class B

Janitors, porters,
and cleaners

100

T R U C K ....

84

T R U C K ................

TR A C T O R -TR A IL E R .

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
98

100
100

100

S H I P P E R S ..............................................................................

91

(6 )

(6 )

113

100

R E C E I V E R S ..........................................................................
S H I P P E R S A N D R E C E I V E R S ...........................

92

(6 )

105

118

104

82

(6 )

(6 )

109

(6 )

(6 )

100

U A R E H O U S E M E N ...............................................................
O R D E R F I L L E R S ............................................................

99
118

(6 )
105

(6 )
115

118
124

104
125

94

112
(6 )

100

118

106

100

S H IP P IN 6

P A C K E R S .................................................

114

117

110

139

120

113

(6 )

117

100

100

M A TE R IA L

H A N D LIN G

L A B O R E R S ....

113

109

114

115

124

114

127

113

101

100

FO R K LIFT

O P E R A T O R S ..........................................

(6 )

102

132

113

104

110

117

101

96

95

95

100

99

120

123

170

120

122

143

106

96

103

106

119

100

120

137

140

151

133

125

138

130

111

109

105

114

101

GUARDS.

CLASS

JA N IT O R S .

B . . .............................................

PORTERS.

100

100

100

AND

C L E A N E R S ...........................................................................

100

See footnote at end of ta b le s.

NOTE:
T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e se n t the a v e ra g e pay r ela tio n sh ip betw een p a ir s o f occu p ation s within e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r e x a m p le , a valu e of 122 in d ic a te s that ea rn in g s fo r the o ccu p ation d ir e c tly
above in the heading a r e 22 p erc en t g r e a t e r than ea rn in g s fo r the occu p ation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub.
S im ila r ly , a value of 85 in dicates e a rn in g s f o r the o c cu p ation in the heading a r e 15 p e r c e n t
below earn ings fo r the occu p ation in the stub.
See appendix A fo r m ethod of com putation.




12

Earnings: Large establishments
Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Num ber
of
workers

O ccu p ation and in d u str y d iv isio n

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

100
M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

999

3 9 .0

$ 1 9 9 .0 0

$ 1 9 0 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .....................................................

529

3 9 .5

2 0 4 .0 0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -

3 8 .0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -

3 7 .5

2 7 9 .5 0

2 8 5 .5 0

2 5 7 .5 0 -

120

P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S ..................................................
..............................................

194

3 8 .5

2 3 1 .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

105

3 9 .5

2 3 3 .5 0

2 3 1 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -

3 8 .0

2 2 7 .5 0

2 2 1 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0 -

327

3 9 .0

1 9 6 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -

2 1 5 .0 0

S E C R E TA R IE S .

CLASS

b

C ..............................................

2 0 8 .0 0 -

2 4 7 .0 0

E A R N IN G S

190

200

U N

210

DOLLARS!

220

230

OF —

240

180

190

52

57

113

127

123

17

54

64

69

47

32

37

34

57

29

18

40

59

63

54

43

38

35

21

22

14

10

-

-

-

1

1

6

25

14

27

~
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

-

-

72

230

55

240

79

250

43

31

18

14

8

7

6

17

8

10

3

5

3

4

14

10

4

5

2

3

55

54

31

25

12

19

16

16

8

2
2

_

-

-

4

5

18
1

25

27

22

7

25

28

32

12

5

8
11

11
5

16

17

22
9

13

5

-

3
5

50

44

24

23

16

31

3

2

“

50

16
12

3 9 .0

1 6 4 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

2 0 3 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

-

1

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0

-

204

1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0

14
2

31
12

32
11

50
17

62
31

35

18

11

13

12

29

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

188

3 8 .0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -

1 9 2 .0 0

-

*

1

12

19

21

33

31

15

26

13

10

4

2

-

1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -

1 6 9 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................... ... ......................

149

3 8 .0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -

1 6 5 .0 0

53

3 8 .5

1 5 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -

1 6 0 .5 0

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T Y P I S T S ........................

1

_

-

-

-

-

2

12

18

34

40

21

12

6

5

4

6

5

3

1

_

5

_

_

_

12

15

34

39

19

12

5

5

3

"

1

2

1

-

5

-

-

-

-

2

12

18

34

40

12

6

5

3

5

5

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

*

2

12

15

34

39

21
19

12

5

5

3

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

12

7

2

5
2

_

-

-

-

9

1 2 9 .5 0 -

1 5 5 .5 0

-

18

120

151

72

50

42

19

18

6

2

_

5

2

1 5 3 .5 0

20

30

10

12

4

1

-

5

2

_

13
_

1 3 0 .5 0

”

113

131

49
23

35

1 4 0 .0 0

1
17

7

342

1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

1 4 5 .0 0 1 2 6 .5 0 -

15

12

9

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

13

55

3 8 .5

1 6 4 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

1

17

8

4

13

3

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

468

3 8 .0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 5 3 .5 0

-

18

119

134

64

46

29

16

16

4

2

-

5

2

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ..........................................

147

3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -

1 6 2 .5 0

1

18

44

31

19

7

10

2

1

-

5

2

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

321

3 7 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -

1 3 8 .5 0

17

112

116

20

15

10

9

6

2

1

-

-

-

C L E R K S .......................................................................................

384

3 8 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -

1 5 0 .5 0

6

43

51

151

35

61

4

-

-

-

-

-

7

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

70
314

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 5 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 1 3 0 .0 0 -

1 3 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

6

13
30

8
43

32
119

2
33

5
56

24

1
3

-

1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

24
-

B ..............................................

132

3 8 .0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -

1 5 5 .0 0

-

8

23

33

19

40

8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

115

3 8 .0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -

1 5 5 .0 0

-

M E S S E N G E R S ..........................................................................................

77

3 8 .5

1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -

1 6 9 .0 0

1

S W ITCH B O AR D

O P E R A T O R S ..................................................

57

3 9 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -

2 0 2 .0 0

-

S W ITC H B O A R D

OPER ATOR 54

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0 -

1 9 6 .0 0

F IL E

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
F IL E

CLERKS.

CLASS

R E C E P T I O N I S T S ............................................................................

*

W o r k e r s w e r e at

$ 3 2 0 to

1 2 8 .0 0 -

7

13
13

2

_

3
3

2

_

_
-

3

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

__

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

7

1

1

-

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

1

1

8

22

24

17

36

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

22

6

6

5

5

3

12

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

7

10

9

7

-

1

2

4

2

1

-

-

-

5

-

-

1

3

5

11

3

6

6

4

3

4

3

3

2

$340.

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

4

1 3 7 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0

4

-

1 4 7 .0 0

B .....................................................

1

3

1 6 0 .5 0

CLASS

3

1

3 9 .5
3 7 .0

T Y P IS T S .

1

2
9

2

3 8 .0

A .............................................................

3

-

181

CLASS

3

11

3

523

T Y P IS T S .

8

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .............................................................

T Y P I S T S .................................................................... ...

i i
_

2

1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0

4

18

392

3 8 .0

4

32

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ..............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................................

166

12

320

11

14

2 2 4 .0 0

G E N E R A L .......................................

12

7

2 0 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.

16

4

12

1 7 4 .5 0 -

1 7 1 .5 0

8

7

2

19

1 6 7 .0 0 -

1 4 2 .5 0 -

19

11

4

1 9 2 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -

13

9
7

7

1 8 1 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0

16

11

2 0 1 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0

28

7

1 9 1 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0

320

300

6

3 9 .5

1 5 9 .5 0

300

280

13

3 8 .5

3 8 .0

270

3

163

3 8 .0

260

1

“

1

6

2 20

164

174

280

3

1
-

70

“

-

*

90

210

.

155

270

2

17

1

-

200

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .............................................

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

260

170

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ...............................................................................

250

160

140

2 4 5 .0 0

c l a s s

160

W EEKLY

180

150

130

3

120

2 5 0 .0 0

89

S E C R E TA R IE S ,

150

170

OVER

$ 1 7 0 .0 0 — $ 2 2 3 .5 0

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

140

S TR A IG H T -T IM E

AND

2 8 5 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S ........................... ... .......................................................

130

1

2 1 4 .0 0

25

110

R E C E IV IN G

AND

2 3 2 .0 0

470

WORKERS

UNDER
110

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................... ... ......................

OF

13

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979— Continued
W e e kl y earnings *
(standard)

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

N umb er
of
workers

Average
we ek ly
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

100
M ea n 2

M ed ia n 2

Mid dl e range 2

OF

WORKERS

110

120

R E C E IV IN G

130

140

S TR A IG H T -T IM E

150

160

170

W EEKLY

180

EA R N IN G S

190

200

(IN

210

DOLLARS)

220

230

OF—

240

110

120

130

$ 1 4 4 .0 0 — $ 1 7 3 .5 0

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

230

137

3 9 .5

$ 1 6 1 .5 0

$ 1 5 5 .0 0

8

1

18

20

36

15

7

10

4

7

8

3 9 .5

1 6 3 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 8 7 .0 0

-

8

1

15

20

8

7

5

8

4

7

8

1

-

-

1

11

7

10

4

7

8

20

35

4

_

_

240

250

1

9A

OROER

CLERKS.

CLASS

A ........................... ...

51

4 0 .0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -

2 0 3 .5 0

-

-

-

OROER

CLERKS.

CLASS

B ..........................................

86

3 9 .5

1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -

1 5 5 .0 0

-

8

1

18

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

55

3 9 .5

1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -

1 4 7 .0 0

8

1

15

20

7

4

673

3 9 .0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

2 1 0 .0 0

-

14

31

50

67

78

65

-

11
20

23

38

43

14

27

29

35

4

7

25

3
4

4

31

46

60

C L E R K S ................................................................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

322

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

1 9 5 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

351

3 8 .0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -

2 4 2 .5 0

*

310

3 9 .0

2 0 1 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -

2 4 5 .0 0

-

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

166

3 9 .5

1 8 8 .0 0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -

2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ....................................................

144

3 7 .5

2 1 7 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -

2 5 6 .0 0

B .......................

363

3 9 .0

1 6 8 .5 0

1 5 5 -0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -

1 8 7 .0 0

A C C O U N TIN G

A C C O U N TIN G

CLERKS.

CLERKS.

CLASS

CLASS

A ........................

270

280

300

320
ANO

C L E R K S ..................................................................................

A C C O U N TIN G

260

OVER

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

ORDER

250

ANO
UNDER

-

270

1
-

1

1
_

-

260

280

300

320

1
-

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

7

10

1

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

74

32

32

17

9

20

47

33

33

49

21

20

14

19

7

32

28

25

11

12

3

5
4

56
-

1

40

56

1

-

6

6

1

30

44

50

28

28

11

1

11

_

7

10

20

25

38

20

19

10

1

7

48
-

2

17

3
-

1

-

1

4

1
-

8

10

19

12

8

9

1

3

4

48

1

6

6

1

53

35

17

24

4

4

6

6

19

8
-

_

-

_

-

-

1

-

14
-

11

23

35

26

13

8

11

1

1

4

5

18

36
-

-

-

-

-

-

14

20

23

25

27

22

9

13

3

3

2

1

1

36

8

-

-

-

-

-

*

2

2

1

1

2

1

1

36

8

-

-

-

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

156

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

1 8 0 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

207

3 8 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -

1 9 8 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S .................................................

54

3 7 .5

2 3 5 .5 0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 4 2 .5 0 -

2 4 3 .5 0

C L E R K S ..........................................................................

119

3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -

2 0 7 .0 0

-

6

11

11

6

10

17

10

10

3

6

7

9

4

2

-

3

3

1

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

86

3 9 .5

1 7 4 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

2 0 5 .0 0

-

*

7

10

4

7

17

8

8

1

5

6

8

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

P U B LIC
PAYROLL

*

-

O P E R A T O R S ........................................................

531

3 8 .5

1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 8 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -

1 7 8 .0 0

-

6

20

86

87

82

82

62

50

18

5

3

19

1

6

-

_

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -

1 7 8 .0 0

-

2

7

14

44

38

50

27

8

1

3

19

1

1

-

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ......................................

278

3 8 .0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 7 0 .0 0

4

13

72

43

44

32

38
24

3
-

-

253

1
-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

23

10

4

“

-

-

5

1

-

-

-

3

-

A ................

150

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -

1 8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

9

13

42

16

36

15

4

1

5

1

5

-

-

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

KEY

86
64

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -

1 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

1

5

1

1

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

1 6 2 .5 0 -

1 9 1 .5 0

“

“

7
9

1

1 8 4 .0 0

35
7

7

1 8 6 .0 0

9
4

16

3 8 .5

3
6

20

8

3

-

-

-

4

-

-

“

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 6 8 .0 0

6

20

69

2

14

-

1
-

-

14

1
-

-

2

-

-

1

1

ENTR Y

KEY

ENTR Y

OPERATORS.

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

-

381

3 8 .5

1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

46

14

3

167

3 9 .5

1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0 -

1 7 8 .0 0

2

7

14

78
41

40

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

29

15

31

11

1

1
-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

214

3 7 .5

1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 5 8 .5 0

4

13

72

37

40

25

15

3

2

1

KEY

ENTR Y

OPERATORS.

CLASS

B ................

See footnotes at end of tables.




14

86

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments, Providence—
Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A verage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

120
M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

SYSTEM S

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$ 3 7 4 .5 0
3 8 7 .0 0

$ 3 6 2 .5 0

104
73

3 6 .5

3 5 6 .0 0

3 5 2 .0 0

3 2 1 .5 0 -

3 9 3 .0 0

63

3 9 .0

4 2 4 .0 0

4 0 5 .0 0

3 7 0 .0 0 -

COM PUTER

SYSTEM S

COM PUTER

A

82

3 8 .5

3 5 6 .5 0

3 5 5 .0 0

3 2 4 .5 0 -

CLASS

CLASS
COM PUTER

240

260

CLASS

B ..............................................

PROGRAMMERS

PROGRAMMERS

280

3 7 4 .5 0

$ 3 3 0 .0 0 - $ 4 0 1 .5 0
3 4 5 .5 0 4 1 9 .5 0

-

2
1

“

1

160

180

-

200

22 0

240

DOLLARS)

360

380

OF—

400

420

440

460

480

500

520

320

340

3 60

4

4

23

21

3

2

10

7

1

2

13

14

~

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

520

-

30

23

25

15

5

9

19

14

14

9

3

9

11

9

11

6

2

4

3

1

8

2

-

2

2
1

1

8

-

-

9

11

10

8

2

7

4

3

1

*8

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“
_

_

-

3

2 7 0 .0 0

2 6 0 .5 0

2 2 6 .5 0 -

2 9 6 .5 0

3

10

15

14

11

14

7

21
15

9
6

8
3

3
2

6
4

7
2

1

98

3 7 .5

2 6 0 .5 0

2 4 8 .0 0

2 2 1 .0 0 -

57

3 8 .0

3 1 0 .0 0

2 9 3 .0 0

2 6 8 .0 0 -

3 4 3 .5 0

10

7

5

2

6

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

3 8 .5

2 6 0 .5 0

2 4 6 .0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -

2 0 9 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0

1 8 2 .5 0 -

2 2 5 .5 0

5

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

23

18

22

13

18
11

15

2 8 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

21

5

2 8 4 .0 0

2
2

3 8 .0

-

(B U S IN E S S ).
4
12

24

11

16

3

9

2

3

1

55

45

23

12

11

4

6

108

3 9 .5

2 1 1 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0 -

2 2 7 .5 0

2

8

10

28

28

9

6

9

3

3
2

3

1
-

93

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

3 9 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

1 9 8 .0 0

1 8 2 .5 0 -

2 2 4 .0 0

3

4

14

27

17

14

6

2

1

1

3

1

58

3 9 .0

2 4 9 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -

2 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

6

9

14

8

11

3

2

4

COM PUTER

O PER ATOR S.

CLASS

-

A ....................

COM PUTER

OPER ATOR S.

CLASS

B . . . . . .

101

3 9 .0

2 0 4 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0 -

2 1 5 .5 0

-

-

12

41

32

9

3

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

62

3 9 .5

2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 8 .5 0 -

2 1 4 .5 0

*

*

5

26

22

7

2

D R A F T E R S ................ ....................................... ........................................

144

4 0 .0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 5 1 .0 0

2 0 9 .5 0 -

3 0 1 .0 0

2

-

8

16

17

15

22

140

4 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 5 0 .0 0

2 0 7 .5 0 -

2 9 4 .0 0

2

8

16

17

15

51

4 0 .0

2 5 5 .0 0

2 5 4 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0 -

2 7 2 .0 0

-

-

-

2

2

6

56

3 9 .5

2 5 0 .0 0

2 4 6 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 -

2 7 2 .5 0

4

6

13

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . .......................... ...
B .......................... ...

IN D U S TR IA L

N U R S E S .......................

W o r k e r s w e r e d istr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

7 at $ 5 4 0 to $ 5 6 0 ; and 1 at $ 5 8 0 to

$600.

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




_

1

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .......................

*

(IN

3 40

(B U S IN E S S ).

O P E R A T O R S ....................

R E G IS TER E D

320

300

~

144

B ..........................................................................................

CLASS

E A R N IN G S

300

OVER
260

201

(B U S IN E S S )....

A . . . . . ............................... ........................................

DRAFTERS.

W EEKLY

2 80

UNDER

3 8 5 .5 0

. . . . . . . ....................

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................................................

COM PUTER

S TR A IG H T -T IM E

220

ANALYSTS

PROGRAMMERS

COM PUTER

200

ANALYSTS

CLASS

SYSTEM S

( B U S I N E S S )•

R E C E IV IN G

180

AND

4 5 9 .5 0

177

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................... ...

( B U S I N E S S )•

160

ANALYSTS

( B U S I N E S S ) ......................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ......................................................... ...

COM PUTER

WORKERS

AND
140

COM PUTER

OF

140

15

1

1

2

-

-

-

15

11

15

18

22

15

10

12

18

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

15

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

18

4

4

2

5

-

-

-

-

4

1

_

_

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
A v e ra g e
(m e a n 2 )

O ccu p ation , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F IC E

O C C U P A TIO N S

Number
of
wodters

Weekhr
hours
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p ation ,

-

se x , 3 and in du stry d iv isio n

O F F IC E

WOMEN

O C C U P A TIO N S

WOMEN—

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

O F F IC E
O C C U P A T IO N S
W OM EN— C O N T I N U E D

3 9 .5
U T I L I T I E S .................................................

25

2 2 7 .5 0

192

3 8 .0

1 4 1 •50

3 9 .0

1 8 4 .5 0

156*00

6- 1
89

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

1 3 8 .5 0

50

W eek ly
houis
(standard)

2 7 9 .5 0

3 8 .0

Number
of
workers

$ 1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

3 7 .5

114

3 7 .5

O ccu p ation , s e x . 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

C O N TIN U ED

313
P U B L IC

A vera g e
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m ea n 2 )
Number
of
woikers

S W ITCH B O A R D

O P E R A TO R S ... . . . . . . . . . . .

KEY

ENTRY

OPER ATOR S.

CLASS

B . . . . .

.5 0

"

164

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

37

5

1 1 9 0 0

3 0 .!>

P R O F E S S IO N A L

1 7 5 .0 0

38 . 0

CLERKS!

1 8 5 .0 0

3 8 .0

155

0 ..................................

385
188

CLASS

''0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0

3 J o .O U

3 8 .0
.. _ _

2 7 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 4 8 .0 0

68

3 9 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

52

3 9 .5

2 4 5 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0
ORDER

S EC R E TA R IE S .

3 9 .5

3 8 .5

52

54
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

370

AND

O C C U P A TIO N S

TE C H N IC A L
-

MEN

1 5 9 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
55

3 9 .5

1 4 0 .0 0

COM PUTER

SYSTEM S

ANALYSTS

(B U S IN E S S ):
1 8 2 .5 0

149

328

1 5 5 .5 0
128

3 8 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

3 8 .5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................... ... .........................

2 0 2 .0 0

3 7 .5

2 2 0 .5 0

COM PUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(B U S I N E S S )....

1 5 3 .0 0

107

17

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
340

3 7 .0

54

1 4 0 .0 0

3 7 .5

2 3 5 .5 0
COM PUTER

55

3 8 .5

B ............................................................

466

3 8 .0

1 4 5 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

CLASS

147

3 9 .5

319

3 7 .0

B ....................

1 4 0 .0 0

83

3 9 .5

1 7 3 .0 0

P R O F E S S IO N A L

ANO

TE C H N IC A L

1 5 6 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

CLASS

1 7 4 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................... ... .........................

TY P IS TS .

OPER ATOR S.

O C C U P A TIO N S
R E G IS TE R E D

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




16

IN D U S TR IA L

-

WOMEN
N U R S E S ........................

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, large establishments
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Hourly earnings *

O ccu p a tio n

and

in d u stry

Numb er
of
workers

d iv is io n

M e d i an 2

Middl e range 2

R E C E IV IN G

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5.6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 . 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

S T R A IG H T - TIM E

OVER

4

3

1

4

$ 6 .3 6

$ 6 .2 3

$ 5 .8 7 -

S 7 .0 2

6 .2 4

6 .1 2

5 .9 5 -

6 .7 0

-

1

4

-

E L E C T R I C I A N S .................................. ...

208

7 .2 7

7 .1 9

6 .4 7 -

8 .1 3

-

-

2

3

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

178

7 .0 8

6 .9 9

6 .4 7 -

7 .4 7

-

-

2

3

4

-

-

-

214

6 .9 7

6 .7 0

6 .1 3 -

7 .7 0

212

6 .9 6

6 .7 0

6 .1 3 -

7 .6 5

(M A C H IN E R Y )..

186

6 .4 7

6 .7 7

5 .5 4 -

7 .4 6

10

5

2

6

18

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................... ........................................

162

6 .1 6

6 .0 0

5 .1 8 -

7 .1 1

10

5

2

6

18

M A IN TE N A N C E

M A IN TE N A N C E
(M O T O R
TOOL

AND

M EC H A N IC S

8

12

5

2

9

6

3

4

9

2

8

12

5

2

8

6

3

2

10

-

5

18

2

24

17

8

15

21

22

10

-

5

18

2

24

17

8

15

19

-

5
5

2

1

1

1

4

2

7

16

22

4

1

5

16

3

12

61

8

3

-

3

12

61

8

3

-

23

-

-

-

~

2

7

2

64

7

-

31

7

2

64

7

-

31

4

3

28

1

5

3

-

17

6

31

4

3

28

1

5

3

*

17

6

31

12

5

3

4

2

8

5

4

3

5

18

29

24

19

42

36

52

62

5

18

29

24

19

42

36

52

62

*

7
7

9

-

25

-

9

*

7

-

24

-

111

15

10

4

111

15

10

4

23

M EC H A N IC S
62

V E H I C L E S ) . . . . . . . ...........................
D IE

2

3

2

-

M A C H I N I S T S . . . . . ............................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ..................................................

M A IN TEN A N C E

8 .6 0
AND

57

M A IN TEN A N C E

(IN

UNDER

80

C A R P E N T E R S ..............................................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . ......................................

E A R N IN G S

AND
4 .4 0

M A IN TEN A N C E

HOURLY

OF —

OF

4 .2 0
Mean 2

WORKERS

DOLLARS)

NUMBER

M A K E R S .........................................................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ................................................. ...

.

6 .9 8

7 .1 1

6 .0 6 -

7 .4 0

-

-

-

2

2

-

433

7 .5 8

7 .7 2

7 .2 3 -

8 .0 3

-

-

-

-

-

6

433

7 .5 8

7 .7 2

7 .2 3 -

8 .0 3

6

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




17

-

3

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments.
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and i nd us tr y d ivi si on

Number
of
workers

NUMBER

M e d ia n 2

UNDER

OF

WORKERS

3 .2 0
M ean2

M iddle range 2

3 .2 0

* 6 .6 4

* 5 .1 6 -

6 .3 5

4 .9 7 -

8 .9 3

73

6 .8 7

6 .6 4

6 .3 5 -

8 .5 4

TR U C K O R IV E R S .

TRAC T O R -T R A I L E R .. . .

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF—

5 . 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 . 60

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

5 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

AND
OVER

25

-

2

5

3

7

10

9

1

6

3

11

6

5

3

12

17

12

7

1

-

4

3

7

9

9

1

6

2

11

6

5

2

9

17

6

“

-

2

4

4

-

-

-

5

-

1

-

8

17

6

-

-

-

25

8

1

3

4

-

-

3

2

10

2

-

2

-

-

-

2

2

5

3

11

4

4

-

7

-

1

-

-

-

-

57

25

1

-

27

7

19

1

-

-

25

1

-

11
9

104

57

44

14

-

2

60

13

7

15

1

-

-

20

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S H I P P E R S ................... ............................................................................

56

5 .1 5

4 .7 3

4 .1 3 -

6 .2 4

-

2

1

3

4

5

2

R E C E I V E R S ............................................................................................

73

4 .9 7

4 .9 2

4 .2 5 -

5 .5 1

-

1

-

1

5

11

8

8

-

1

3

-

-

3

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ..................................................................................

341

5 .8 9

5 .4 2

4 .8 6 -

6 .6 4

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................................

231

5 .5 5

5 .3 8

4 .8 6 -

6 .4 0

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ......................................................

110

6 .6 2

6 .6 4

6 .6 4 -

6 .9 6

-

1

5

3

1

1

-

-

F I L L E R S ...........................................................................

308

4 .5 2

4 . 40

3 .5 0 -

4 .6 9

4

14

68

13

22

1

32

40

41

-

2

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................................

215

4 .2 8

4 .3 6

3 .6 7 -

4 .6 5

4

14

28

13

22

1

32

40

41

12

-

7

3

21

7

4

2

12

-

7

3

21

7

4

-

45

*

1

6

3

1

1

12

1

11

62
62

20

-

157

4 .5 1

4 .3 7

3 .6 7 -

5 .2 8

4 .4 8

4 .3 7

3 .6 7 -

5 .2 8

9
9

12
12

10
10

15
15

9
9

1
1

25
25

20
20

_

155

13
8

64

67

12

54

34

2

25

4

4

6

8

72

78

60

64

9

54

34

2

24

4

2

6

8

72

78

-

-

-

1

22

12

48

-

1

-

8

45

17

42

26

18

10

32

-

1

8

45

17

42
3

-

-

3

3

-

*

-

-

-

-

“

*

~

“

-

-

*

-

-

17

16

-

1
“

P A C K E R S ................................................................

“

L A B O R E R S .............................

514

4 .7 2

4 .3 6

3 .8 2 -

5 .8 3

30

21

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................................... ... ........................

475

4 .6 6

4 .3 6

3 .8 2 -

5 .8 3

30

20

M A TE R IA L

H A N D LIN G

O P E R A T O R S .........................................................

224

5 .5 3

5 .7 5

4 .7 3 -

6 .2 1

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................... ... .........................

192

5 .5 8

5 .7 5

4 .7 3 -

6 .2 1

-

-

G U A R D S .......................................................................................................

218

4 .4 2

4 .2 2

3 .7 1 -

4 .8 7

6

23

17

20

19

23

13

11

30

12

3

10

4

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

140

4 .3 3

4 .3 7

3 .7 1 -

4 .7 0

2

15

10

13

14

10

10

7

27

11

1

9

4

1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................. ... .

78

4 .5 8

4 .0 8

3 .6 5 -

5 .7 1

4

8

7

7

5

13

3

4

3

1

2

1

“

B ................................................................

142

4 .1 8

4 .0 7

3 .5 5 -

4 .6 2

6

22

15

14

9

16

10

6

21

2

2

2

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

71

4 .0 9

4 .0 0

3 .4 8 -

4 .6 2

2

14

8

7

4

3

7

2

18

1

1

1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

71

4 .2 7

4 .0 8

3 .5 8 -

4 .7 5

4

8

7

7

5

13

3

4

3

1

FO R K LIFT

GUARDS.

CLASS

-

2

16
3

-

7

-

*
7

4 .1 3

3 .7 6 -

5 .1 1

18

22

74

49

73

78

72

27

5

11

7

55

3

7

16

4 .0 6

3 .7 7 -

4 .4 2

12

17

34

39

65

52

58

18

1

9

4

55

2

6

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

202

4 .7 7

4 .2 9

3 .5 8 -

6 .2 9

6

5

40

10

8

26

14

9

4

2

3

1

1

16

*

W o r k e r s w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s :

4 2 at $ 8 . 8 0 to $ 9 . 2 0 ; and 3 at $ 9 . 2 0 to $ 9 . 6 0 .

See footnotes at end o f t a b le s .




18

-

“

4 .4 0
4 .1 9

50

-

-

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

*

50

574
372

AND

-

-

1

20

“

C L E A N E R S ....

PORTERS.

“

13

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

JA N IT O R S .

-

-

-

-

7

-

7

13
-

1

4

—

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................................................................

S H IP P IN G

*45

2
-

4

ORDER

8 .8 0

8 .8 0

UNDER

* 8 .5 4

6 .4 8

EA R N IN G S

*0

* 6 .7 3

143

HOURLY

o
CO

191

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................... ...........................................

S TR A IG H T -T IM E

AND
3 .4 0

T R U C K D R I V E R S ..................................................................................

R E C E IV IN G

-

*
“
-

-

~

—

“
-

-

-

-

-

"

*

*




Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, large establishments. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
Occupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try div is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

Oc cupation, s e x , 3 and ind us try d ivi si on

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AMD CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

H A IN T E NANCE > TO O LR O O M .
AND
POWERPLANT O C C U P A TIO N S REN

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....•••••••••••••••

57

6.24

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

178

7.27
7 .08

21 4
212

6.97
6.96

186
162

6.47
6 .16

62

6.98

M A IN TEN A N C E

M A C H IN IS TS .•••••••••••.

M A N U F A C T U R IN G .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
H E C H A N IC S

<M A C H IN ER Y I • .

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................
M A IN TEN A N C E
(M O T O R

MOVEMENT

O C C U P A TIO N S

5.57

B ...............................................................

136

4.21

66

4.31

454
312
142

4.41
4.22
4 .83

198

4.65
4.25

69
69

4.85
4.85

52

4.69

g u a r d s

H E CH A N ICS

:

GUARDS.

V E H I C L E S ) ...............................................................

M A TE R IA L

188

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................................

N A IN TE N A N C E

AND
-

CLASS

C U S TO D IA L
HEN

JA N IT O R S .

PORTERS.

ANO

C L E A N E R S ....

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................................................................

1*3

6.73
6.48

73

6.87

5*

5.18

T R U C K D R I V E R S . . . . . ................... • • • • • • • • • • • •
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................................. ... ..................
TR U C K D R IV E R S .

TRAC T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .

M A TE R IA L

MOVEMENT

O C C U P A TIO N S
S H I P P E R S ...............................................................................................

ORDER
R E C E I V E R S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.84

C U S TO D IA L

WOM EN

F I L L E R S ....................... ... ..................................................

5.12

U A R E H O U S E M E N . . . . . ................... .....................• • • • • •

AND
-

M A N U F A C TU R IN G .••••••••••••••••••
ORDER

S H IP P IN G

P A C K E R S ____ . . . . . . __________________

5 .5 5

F I L L E R S .............................................................................

110

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

110

4.30
4 .30

JA N IT O R S .

See footnotes at end of t a b le s .

19

PORTERS.

AND

CLEANERS!

Establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks, Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
O ther

In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m

w e e k ly

s tra ig h t-tim e

s a la ry 7

A ll
sche dule s

ES TA B LIS H M EN TS
M IN IM U M

H A V IN G

A

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

in d u s trie s
40

3 7 '/2

A ll

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

sche d ule s

A ll
40

37V2

92

XXX

XXX

80

XXX

XXX

11

5

76

39

33

5

37

21

11

_

1

4

-

2

2

-

1

-

2

6

2
-

7

3

3

6

5

-

XXX

80

XXX

36

17

14

19

1
-

-

1

-

4

AND

UNDER

* 1 1 0 .0 0

2

* 1 1 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 1 5 .0 0

4

“
4

10

10

4

3

3

-

1

1

13

8

7

1

5
-

5
1

1

2

2

-

1

1

UNDER

* 1 2 0 .0 0

*

1

1

3

1

AND

UNDER

* 1 2 5 .0 0

5

3

3

2

2

AND

UNDER

* 1 3 0 .0 0

4

3

2

1

1

-

* 1 3 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 3 5 .0 0

7

3

2

* 1 3 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 4 0 .0 0

3

-

AND

UNDER

* 1 4 5 .0 0

1

3
-

4
-

* 1 4 0 .0 0

3
-

4
-

AND

UNDER

$ 1 5 0 .0 0

1

1

1

1
-

-

* 1 4 5 .0 0

-

1
-

* 1 5 0 .0 0

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

3

1
1

—

1
1

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

1

1
—

1
-

1

1
—

2

—

1
—

-

-

AND

UNDER

* 1 5 5 .0 0

1

ANO

UNDER

$ 1 6 0 .0 0

* 1 6 0 .0 0

AND

* 1 6 5 .0 0
* 1 7 0 .0 0

1
-

* 1 7 5 .0 0

1

ANO
AND

UNDER

1

6

16

AND

* 1 2 5 .0 0

* 1 5 5 .0 0

5

6

13

* 1 1 5 .0 0
* 1 2 0 .0 0

* 1 6 5 .0 0

37V2

172

92

* 1 0 5 .0 0

* 1 7 0 .0 0

40

S P E C IF IE D

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

UNDER
UNDER

sch e d ule s

XXX

172

S TU D IE D

c le ric a l w o rk e rs

A il
in d u s trie s

E S TA B LIS H M EN TS

in e x p e rie n c e d

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

3

3

3

4

2

2

-

2

1

-

-

-

1

1
—

1
—

-

1

1

-

-

-

*
-

* 1 7 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 8 0 .0 0

* 1 8 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 8 5 .0 0

1
-

1
-

AND

UNDER

$ 1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

* 1 8 5 .0 0

-

1
-

* 1 9 0 .0 0

ANO

UNDER

* 1 9 5 .0 0

1

-

-

1

1

-

~

* 1 9 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

_

_

_

-

—

1
-

$ 2 0 0 .0 0
_

1

* 2 0 0 .0 0

AN O

UNDER

* 2 0 5 .0 0

ANO

OVER

ES TA B LIS H M EN TS
M INIM UM

See

-

H A V IN G

NO

IN

U H IC H

T H IS

fo otnotes

D ID

NOT

CATEGORY

at

end

*

-

1

1

1

1
~

-

1

-

_

-

1

1

-

“

-

1

1

“

~

1

-

S P E C IF IE D

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E S TA B LIS H M EN TS
WORKERS

$ 2 0 5 .0 0
-

1

of

17

11

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

39

28

XXX

XXX

11

XXX

XXX

119

64

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

57

25

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

EM PLOY

----------------------------------

ta b le s .




20

Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
(A ll

fu ll-tim e

m a n ufactu rin g

p ro d u c tio n and

re late d w o r k e rs

~
W orke rs

A ll w orke rs 9
Second

PERCENT
IN

ES TA B LIS H M EN TS

W ITH

NO

PAY

U ITH

PAY

OF

W ITH

D IF F E R E N TIA L

FOR

FOR

U N IFO R M

C E N T S -P E R -H O U R

U N IFO R M

PERCENTAGE

OTHER

AVERAGE

PAY

C E N TS -P E R -H O U R

UN IFO R M

PERCENTAGE

U N IFO R M

-

c e n t s

p e r

OF

-

L A T E -S H IF T

UORK

h o u r

s h ifts

Th ird

shift

5 9 .2

1 2 .4

1 .0

1 .4

—

.2

4 .5

5 8 .2

1 1 .0

4 .4

5 3 .8

4 2 .3

9 .1

3 .5

------------------------------------

2 0 .1

1 4 .1

1 .9

1 .8

.8
.1

D IF F E R E N TIA L
-----------------------------

1 5 .7

2 0 .0

1 5 .8

2 1 .6

-------------------------------------------

9 .1

1 1 .3

9 .0

8 .7

PAY

BY

TYPE

AND

D IFFE R E N TIA L

:

CENTS

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 .6

1 .4

.7

6

CENTS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.8

7
8

CENTS
CENTS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7
.9

.7

.1
-

3 .0
-

12

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 4 .3
4 .0

13

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .1

14

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10

CENTS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

.2
1 .7
1 .1

-

.4

.7

2 .6

4 .9

6 .8

.2
.8

15




on late

4 .9

5

I

shift

7 4 .0

D IF F E R E N TIA L

UORKERS

OF

Second

----------------------

D IF F E R E N TIA L

D IFFE R E N TIA L

AMOUNT

s h ift

7 8 .9

WORK

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U N IFO R M

PERCENT

P R O V IS IO N S

L A T E -S H IF T

D IF F E R E N TIA L

D IF F E R E N TIA L

Th ird

UORKERS

L A T E -S H IF T

D IF F E R E N TIA L

shift

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

17

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2

-

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .4

3 .0

.4

110)
.1

.1

18

.3
-

19

CENTS
CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

21

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

23

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7 .4
-

6 .8
1 .4
-

.4
.2

2 .8

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20

1 .4
-

.8
.2

24

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2
-

25

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 .8

4 .4

1 .0

.4

27
28

CENTS
CENTS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.4
-

.4
1 .2

.1

.1
< 10)

30

CENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 .6

2 .0

.6

.3

35
U N IFO R M

CENTS

2 .3

PERCENT

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.5

5

PERCENT

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .6

7

PERCENT

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .5

10

PERCENT

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 3 .2
-

15

PERCENT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2

20

PERCENT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PERCENT

.1

:

4

12

.5

3 .6

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p e r c e n t a g e

.2

.1
1 .2
8 .9
2 .0
2 .0

See footnotes at end of tables.

21

.4

_
.2

f 10)
1 .2
.2

.6
C10)

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers, Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
P ro d u ctio n

and

O ffice

re la te d w o rk e rs

w orke rs

Ite m
A ll

P ER C EN T OF WORKERS BY
W EEKLY HOURS AND
ALL

F U L L -T IM E

in d u s trie s

------------------------------

100
(1 1 )

_

DAYS
DAYS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1 1 )
(1 1 )

-

DAYS

---------------------------------------------------------------

(1 1 )

H O U R S -2

1/2

24
25

H O U R S -3
H O U R S -5

30

H O U R S -5

WORKERS

DAYS

32

H O U R S -4

DAYS

35

H O U R S -5

DAYS

---------------------------------------------------------------

1

36

H O U R S -5

DAYS

---------------------------------------------------------------

1

36

1/3

H O U R S -5

DAYS

1/2
1/2

H O U R S -5
H O U R S -5

DAYS
DAYS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3/4

H O U R S -5

DAYS

-------------------------------------------------

38
39

8/10
H O U R S -5
H O U R S -5 D A Y S
1/2

5

1/2

HOURS
5
5

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

P u b lic

u tilitie s

-

to o

100

100

_

2

_

100

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

3

-

-

-

-

D A Y S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
-

-

-

10
(1 1 )

3
-

2

2

2

4
-

-

15
(1 1 )

1
-

29
-

16
-

37
-

-

-

~

-

(1 1 )

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

(1 1 )

-

(1 1 I
-

-

3
(1 1 )

3

4
(1 1 )

-

-

59
-

-

1

1
82

78

95

(1 1 )
54

1
77

80

80

78

95

54

77

1

:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

DAYS

37

40

37

40

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

H O U R S -5

DAYS

-------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DAYS
1/2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

81

DAYS

42

in d u s trie s

-------------------------------------------------

DAYS

45

A ll

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

H O U R S -5

4

100

-

-------------------------------------------------

37
38

HOURS

u tilitie s

---------------------------------------------------------------

38

39

P u b lic

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

SCHEDULED
DAYS

------------------------------------------------

20

40

M a n u fa c tu rin g

(1 1 )
5

6

3

3

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DAYS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

46

H O U R S -5

DAYS

---------------------------------------------------------------

(1 1 )

i

48

HOURS— 6

DAYS

---------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

5

-

50

HOURS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

3

i

(1 1 )

i

5

1/2

6

DAYS

1

1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DAYS

5

1

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DAYS

AVERAGE

W EEKLY

WORK

See fo otnotes

3

-

SCHEDULED

W EEKLY
ALL

(1 1 )

HOURS

SCHEDULES

-

4 0 .5

4 0 .7

3 9 .6

3 9 .9

at end of ta b le s.




22

3 8 .6

3 9 .4

3 8 .1

3 8 .5

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers. Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
P ro d u c tio n and

O ffic e w o r k e rs

re la te d w o r k e rs

Ite m
A ll

PERCENT
ALL
IN

OF

F U L L -T IM E

P A ID
IN

H O L ID A Y S

NOT

H O L ID A Y S

AVERAGE
FOR

WORKERS

IN

OF

u tilitie s

100

100

100

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

-

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

99

99

100

99

OF

P A ID

99

1 0 .0

8 .9

1 0 .3

1 0 .9

1 0 .3

1 0 .5

1 0 .5

-

(1 1 )

-

-

(1 1 )

-

(1 1 )

(1 1 )
-

H O L ID A Y S

--------------------------------------------

WORKERS

H O L ID A Y S

BY

NUMBER

P R O V ID E D
2

(1 1 )

5

H O L ID A Y S

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

2

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

1

5

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

---------------------------------------------------

1

3
1

5
-

8

HALF

PLUS
PLUS
10

1
1

DAY

(1 1 )

10

11

---------------------------------------------------

(1 1 )

( 11)

29

29
6

DAY

HALF

DAY

---------------------------------------------------

8

-

5
2

9
1
93
-

-

5

12

97

-

29

52

1

(1 1 )
-

2
-

5
9

2
1

7
6

-

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

12

12

9

33

8
3

11
7

6

93
-

5

21

16

29

2
1

4
3

1

8
-

---------------------------------------------------

9

5

H O L ID A Y S

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

12

13

13

H O L ID A Y S

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

7
-

P A ID

2
-

1

12

1

5
~
25
9

15

16

H O LIO A Y S

HALF

DAY

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

3

---------------------------------------------------

(1 1 )

( 11)

HALF

PERCENT

9
“
13

1

DAYS

PLUS

1
-

(1 1 )

1

0 AY

HALF

H O L ID A Y S

-

------------------------------------------------

HALF

2

11

19

3

(1 1 )
-

---------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

PLUS

1

1

(1 1 >
-

32

PLUS

PLUS

(1 1 )
(1 1 )

5

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------HALF

H O L ID A Y S

1
-

29

6

-

6
~

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

H O L IO A Y S
H O L IO A Y S

100

9

3
-

9

100

91

1

1

100

-

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PLUS

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

H O L ID A Y S

H O L ID A Y S

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

2

2

H O L ID A Y S

M a n u f a c t u r in g

98

H A L F D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7

in d u s trie s

100

5
1

6

A ll

E S TA B LIS H M EN TS

OF

P A ID

P u b lic

P R O V ID IN G

H O L ID A Y S

PERCENT

100

CO

P R O V ID IN G

------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------

NUMBER

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P R O V ID IN G

---------------------------------------------------------------

E S TA B LIS H M EN TS
P A ID

M a n u fa c tu rin g

WORKERS

WORKERS

E S TA B LIS H M EN TS

in d u s trie s

DAY

OF

WORKERS

H O L ID A Y

TIM E

BY

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

TOTAL

P R O V I D E D 12

2

1/2

98

100

88

99

99

100

99

99

5

DAYS

OR

MORE

------------------------------------------------------------------

97

100

85

99

99

100

99

99

6

DAYS

OR

MORE

------------------------------------------------------------------

96

98

85

99

99

99

99

99

7

DAYS

OR

MORE

7

1/2

8

DAYS

9

DAYS

9

1/2

DAYS

10

OR

OAYS

OR

OR
OR

DAYS

10

1/2

11

DAYS

OR

99

97

80

99

99

99

99

99

---------------------------------------------------

91
90

95
99

75
75

99
99

98

97

99

99

------------------------------------------------------------------

98

97

99

99

-----------------------------------------------------------------

MORE
OR

-------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------

MORE

DAYS

MORE

MORE

80

83

69

99

95

91

97

99

---------------------------------------------------

56

59

95

91

81

--------------------------------------------------------------

50

53

90

91

76

67
58

92
90

95
95

MORE

MORE

OAYS

OR

OR

MORE

MORE

------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------

39

38

17

39

99

95

93

51

33

37

16

37

39

99

36

51

29

7

5

7
-

5
-

27
29

31
29

25
25

9

8

1

8
8
-

1

3

11

1/2

DAYS

OR

-----------------------------------------------

21

12

OAYS

OR

MORE

-------------------------------------------------------------

16

19

13

DAYS

OR

MORE

--------------------------------------------------------------

9

5

19

OAYS

OR

MORE

--------------------------------------------------------------

2

3

MORE

See footnotes at end of tables.




23

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers. Providence— Warwick
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
P ro d u ctio n

and

O ffice w o r k e rs

re late d w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll

PERCENT
ALL
IN

1
2
1

1
2
3
2

1

1
2
3

100

100

100

100

100

100

P R O V IO IN G
_

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

99

100

77

74

97

94

99
99

99

---------------------

-----------------------------------

22

26

2

6

3

6

----------------------------------------

33

38

8

10

20

3

19

19
4

18
<111

15

54

51

56

3

3

5

1

39
-

2

“

10

43

19

6

29

39

58

24

19

P R O V IO IN G
----------------------------------------------------PAYMENT

PAYMENT

V A C A TIO N

AND

A F T E R I 13

UNDER

2

W EEKS

----------------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E !
---------------------------------------------------------------

1

AND

2

UNDER

2

W EEKS

----------------------------------------------------------AND

UNDER

3

W EEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

OF

WEEK

ANO

WEEKS
2

UNDER

2

W EEKS

----------------------------------------------------------ANO

W EEKS

71

74

6

7

19

15

1

2

1

1

-

51

i l l )

YEARS
1

UNDER

3

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

2

2

3

60

87

2

44

4
4

2

15
-

4
-

8

15

8
36

80

95

1
88

3
75

3

4

<111

1

2

YEARS
1
2

1
1

3

-

4

( I l l
-

13

12

15

68

OVER

UNDER

1
2

2

WEEKS

----------------------------------------------------------UNDER

3

W EEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

8

3

2
1

2

64

87

95

92

82

4

5

<11>

1

3

4

2
2

-

1

5
5
3

-

-----------------------------------------------------------

OF

WEEKS

---------------------------------------------------------------

11

12

AND

12

15

8
-

3
-

68

64

87

95

5

6

(1 1 1

3

4

UNDER

2

W EEKS

----------------------------------------------------------AND

UNDER

3

W EEKS

3

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

YEARS
1

WEEK

2

WEEKS

OVER

2

3
-

4
—

97

96

-

99
-

3
97
-

(1 1 )
-

S E R V IC E :

4
5

-

S E R V IC E :

AND

W EEK

OVER

89

5

1

12

WEEKS

-

6

AND

W EEKS

11

5

-

44

---------------------------------------------------------------

1

WEEKS

OVER
3

OF

WEEK

OVER

9

3
76

< W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------------1
3

33

1
74

37

S E R V IC E :

--------------------------------------------------------------

1

99

S E R V IC E :

WEEK

WEEKS

OVER

100

(1 1 )

WEEKS

OVER

NOT

100

99
94

OF

YEARS

P u b lic u tilitie s

(1 1 )

OF

WEEK

OVER

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

5

WEEKS

OVER

M a n u fa c tu rin g

95
93

1

WEEK

YEAR

in d u s trie s

--------------------------------------------------------------

M ONTHS

OVER

A ll

-

P A ID

UNDER

u tilitie s

100

PERCENTAGE

6

P u b lic

1

V A C A TIO N S

OF

------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

L E N G TH -O F -TIM E

AMOUNT

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

99

V A C A TIO N S

ES TA B LIS H M E N TS
P A ID

M a n u fa c tu rin g

WORKERS

WORKERS

ES TA B LIS H M E N TS
P A ID

IN

OF

F U L L -T IM E

In d u s trie s

OF

1

3

1

2

92
2

82

(1 1 )
-

3
97

5

2

1
-

-

99
-

5

(1 1 )

1

3

-

S E R V IC E :

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND

UNOER

3

W EEKS

3

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

4

WEEKS

<
1

4

5

67

68

60

67

59

70

12

15

9

11

7

50
-

15

12

1
30

1
32

31

15

42

50

1

3

(1 1 )

-----------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo otnotes

at en d of ta b le s .




24

1

(1 1 )
51

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I. — Mass., June 1979— Continued
P ro d u ctio n and

O ffice

re la te d w o rk e rs

w orke rs

Ite m
A ll

ANOUNT
OF P A I D
C O N TIN U ED
10

YEARS
1

WEEK

2

W EEKS

OVER
3

2

WEEKS

OVER

3

OF

V A C A TIO N

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

S E R V IC E :
3

4

--------------------------------------------------------------

17

17

20

9

11

63

64

(1 1 )
58

4

(1 1 )

1

11

UNDER

3

WEEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------ANO

in d u s trie s

A F T E R 1

----------------------------------------------------------------AND

A ll

UNDER

4

W EEKS

3

4

WEEKS

--------------------------------------------------------------

3

5

WEEKS

--------------------------------------------------------------

1

YEARS

OF

(1 1 )

1

(1 1 )

5

3

3
-

9

14

4

10

-

95

71

66

75

97

1
-

11

-

3

17

5

7

3

-

“

5

~

_

-

"
12
1

WEEK

2

WEEKS

OVER

2

S E R V IC E :

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANO

UNDER

3

WEEKS

3
15

14

9

11

4

59

_

1

(1 1 )

20
-

3
-

8

13
7

5
-

3

3

59

57

95

70

62

75

97

8

10

(1 1 )

8

W EEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

4

2

13

1
-

13

4

6

10

17
3

-

5

W EEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

1

~

“

~

-

-

3

W EEKS

OVER

3

----------------------------------------------------------AND

UNDER

4

WEEKS

(1 1 )
5

15

YEARS

OF

S E R V IC E :

1

WEEK

3

4

_

_

2

WEEKS

------------------------------------------------------------

11

11

12

3

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

45

47
10

36
(1 1 )

3
10
-

OVER
4

3

WEEKS

OVER

4

---------------------------------------------------------------

AND

UNDER

4

WEEKS

----------------------------------------------------------AND

UNDER

5

WEEKS

5

WEEKS

------------------------------------------------------------

6

WEEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------

8

(1 1 )

11
36

5
44

8

10
41

45
-

27

40

85

43

2

2
-

(1 1 )

1
-

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

6

( I l l

3

7

29
1

1

7
41

(1 1 )

1
(1 1 )

6
90
-

(1 1 )

“
"

20

YEARS

OF

S E R V IC E !
_

1

WEEK

_

_

2

WEEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------

11

11

12

3

7

11

5

3

3

WEEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------

23
2

22

27
(1 1 )

1
-

15

15

1

3

16
-

2
-

36
-

62
-

69

60
3

75
-

66

1

7

4

29

----------------------------------------------------------------

O V E R 3 ANO U N D ER 4 W EEKS
4 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------------------O V ER 4 AND U N DER 5 W EEKS
5 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------------------OVER
8
25

5

WEEKS
YEARS

AND

UNDER

6

W EEKS

------------------------------------------------------------OF

3

4

47

3
50

5

6

7

4
-

(1 1 )
(1 1 >

19

32

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

1

-

-

1

(1 1 )

6

*

~

S E R V IC E !

1

WEEK

3

4

_

_

2

WEEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------

11

11

12

3

7

11

5

3

3

W EEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------

23

22

1

1

27
—

1
—

8
-

13
—

5
—

—

4 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------------------O V ER 4 ANO UNDER
5 WEEKS

34

21

48

56

2

(1 1 )

5
-

52

6

37
7

12

6

17

-

5

20

17

31

90

1
-

(1 1 )
3

1
-

19
_
_

22
—
_

17
_

94
_

OVER

3

W EEKS

-----------------------------------------------------------------

AND

UNDER

4

WEEKS

-------------------------------------------------------------

O V ER 5 AND UNDER 6 W EEKS
6 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------------------9

W EEKS

--------------------------------------------------------------

1
1
(1 1 )

(1 1 )

See footnotes at end of tables.




25

(1 1 )

1

_

_

2

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979— Continued
P ro d u ctio n and

O ffice w o r k e rs

re late d w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll

AMOUNT

OF

P A ID

V A C A TIO N

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A F T E R l3~

C O N TIN U ED
30

YEARS

OF

S E R V IC E :
3

4

_

it

A

4
5

W t-t-R *

1

WEEKS

---------------------

UNDER

5

WEEKS

UNDER

6

WEEKS

26

1

8

13

1

1
36

22

5

52

48

56

B

(1 1 )

12

6

17

7

14

31

90

18

17

18

94

1

1

(1 1 )

1
2

5

-

~

(1 1 )

1

-

7

11

8

13

--------------------—

—

3

----------------------------

V A C A TIO N

(1 1 )

A V A IL A B LE :

3
-

_

-

3

3
4

12

3

22
1

26
-

-

36
8

22
-

5

52
2

6

14

31

90

27

17

1

(1 1 )

1

ANO

OVER

11

33

OVER

4

ii

W EE K

ANO

5

WEEKS

OVER
9

5

WEEKS

17

AND

3

---------------------

S ee fo otnotes

-----------------------------------

(i d

(1 1 )

1

“

-

26

48

56
34

“
3

3
-

at end of ta b le s.




2

-

22

A

-

-

11
5

(1 1 )
M AXIM UM

7

17

4

AND

22

(1 1 )

3

33

UNDER

AND

WEEKS

OVER
6

ANO

WEEKS

OVER
5

3

-

12

22
OVER

11

-

5

1

94

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers. Providence— Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll

PERCENT

OF

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic

u tilitie s

A ll

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

UORKERS
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

95

99

99

100

99

99

84

86

77

99

93

86

99

99

--------------------------

77

79

68

99

82

75

87

99

D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E ---------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------------

65
58

66
60

57

90
90

73

73

73

75

51

65

60

68

75

47

43

62

90

85

71

95

74

35
29

35
28

37
33

81
64

37

38

31

26

37
34

50

79

64

49

75

74

-

10

-

18

-

ALL
IN

F U L L -T IM E

ES TA B LIS H M E N TS

P R O V ID IN G

THE

AT

LEAST

ONE

SHOWN

B E L O W 1 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------

L IF E

OF

----------------------

UORKERS

IN S U R A N C E

B E N E F ITS

-----------------------------------------------------------

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y
A C C ID E N TA L

S IC K N ES S
OR

DEATH

AND

S IC K

AND

A C C ID E N T

LEAVE

S IC K N E S S

PLANS

OR

AND

IN S U R A N C E

B O T H 1 5 --------------------------

A C C ID E N T

I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -----------------S IC K

LEAVE

W A IT IN G
S IC K

P E R IO D I

LEAVE

W A IT IN G
L O N G -TE R M

(F U L L

H O S P ITA L IZ A T IO N

PLANS

47

-

2

16

15

20

45

59

38

74

48

13

12

16

45

43

28

53

48
99

98

100

92

99

99

99

99

84

86

73

99

65

78

55

99

--------------------------------------------

99

100

92

99

99

99

99

99
99

--------------------------

84

86

73

99

65

78

55

98

100

91

99

99

99

99

99

PLANS

--------------------------

84

86

73

99

65

78

55

99

IN SU R AN CE

--------------------------

93

94

89

99

--------------------------

79

82

68

99

99
63

98
77

99
52

99
99

---------------------------------------------------

PLANS

IN SU R A N C E

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y
IN SU R AN C E

PLANS

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y
R E TIR EM EN T

------------------

------------------------------------------------

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y

DENTAL

16

--------------------------

PLANS

IN SU R A N C E

M ED IC A L

--------------------------

IN S U R A N C E

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y

M AJOR

22
(1 1 )

OR

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y

M ED IC A L

PAY

61

NO

--------------------------------------------

(P A R TIA L

P E R IO D )

AND

D IS A B IL IT Y

IN SU R A N C E

S U R G IC A L

PAY

P EN S IO N

N O N C O N TR IB U TO R Y

20

17

33

78

30

17

40

82

--------------------------

19

16

33

78

20

17

22

82

--------------------------------------------

78

80

65

86

92

86

97

90

76

79

63

86

91

84

96

90

PLANS

PLANS

--------------------------

S ee footn otes at end of t a b le s .




27

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979
P ro d u c tio n
A ll

and

re late d

w orkers

in d u s trie s

Ite m
A ll

ALL

F U L L -T IN E

F L A T-S U N

OF

PERCENT

OF
OF

ARE

ANO

ALL

P R O V ID E D

F U L L -T IN E

IN SU R AN C E

N ID D LE
R ID D LE

OF

IN S U R A N C E

IN D IC A TE S

IN SU RAN CE

FOR

PERCENT
ANOUNT
6

OF
OF

A

A

RAN6E
RANGE

IS

TH E

p l a n s 16

p l a n s 16

A ll

N o n c o n trib u to ry

p l a n s 16

p l a n s 16

SANE

W O R K E R S 1 7 -------------------------------------------

<50

PERCEN T)

<80

BASED

PERCEN T)

ON

S P E C IF IE D

A

53

48

54

49

24

21

35

28

$ 5 ,7 0 0

$ 5 ,8 0 0

$ 5 ,6 0 0

$ 5 ,6 0 0

$ 6 ,4 0 0

$ 6 ,6 0 0

$ 6 ,7 0 0

$ 7 ,0 0 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,5 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,5 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,5 0 0 -

7 .5 0 0

$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,5 0 0 -

7 .5 0 0

$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 6 ,0 0 0

$ 6 ,0 0 0

8 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 8 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,5 0 0 -

SCHEDULE

DOLLAR

LENGTH

F U L L -T IN E

IN SU R AN C E
OF

p l a n s 16

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n co n trib u to ry

P R O V I D E D : 18

S P E C IF IE D

ALL

NONTHS

p l a n s 18

A ll

ANOUNT:

N E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W H ICH

p l a n s 16

N o n co n trib u to ry

in d u s trie s

ANOONT

N E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANOUNT

A ll

A ll

IN SU R A N C E

WORKERS

DOLLAR

ANOUNT

PLAN

OF

N o n c o n trib u to ry

p l a n s 16

TYPE

O ffice w o rk e rs

M a n u fa c tu rin g

ANOUNT

OF

OF

S E R V IC E :

W O R K E R S 1 7 -------------------------------------------

10

10

12

12

1

1

2

2

P R O V I D E D 18 A F T E R :

S E R V IC E :
$ 4 ,3 0 0

$ 4 ,3 0 0

$ 4 ,4 0 0

$ 4 ,4 0 0

$ 3 ,5 0 0

$ 3 ,5 0 0

<6 )

<6 >

H E D IA N
R ID D L E

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------------------------

<6 )

<6 )

<6 )

<6 )

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

<6 )

<6 )

(6 )

<6 )

H ID O L E

RANGE

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

<6 >

<6 )

<6 )

16)

N E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

YEAR

OF

<80

PERCEN T)

---------------------------------------

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

S E R V IC E :
$ 4 ,7 0 0

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------------------------

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 8 .5 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 8 .5 0 0

$ 4 ,7 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 8 .5 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 8 .5 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 5 .5 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -

H ID O LE
5

RANGE

$ 1 ,5 0 0 -

$ 1 ,5 0 0 -

$ 1 ,5 0 0 -

$ 1 ,5 0 0 -

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -

YEARS

OF

<80

PERCENT)

---------------------------------------

RANGE

<50
<80

PERCENT)
PER CEN T)

$ 6 ,3 0 0

$ 6 ,3 0 0

$ 6 ,3 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 7 .5 0 0

8 .0 0 0

<6 )

<6 >

$ 7 ,5 0 0

<6 >

16)

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

<6 )

<6 )

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

<6 )

---------------------------------------

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

<6 )

16)

$ 9 ,7 0 0

<6 )

<6 )

$ 8 ,0 0 0

<6 )

<6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 6 ,3 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

S E R V IC E !

H E D IA N

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

H ID O L E

RANGE

N ID D LE
OF

8 .0 0 0

<6 )
<6 )

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

N E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

YEARS

8 .5 0 0

16)

<6 )
16)

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

RANGE

N ID D LE

20

8 .5 0 0

(6 )

5 .5 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R ID D L E
OF

8*500

$ 4 ,2 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0

---------------------------------------

H E D IA N

YEARS

8 .5 0 0

$ 4 ,2 0 0

S E R V IC E :

N E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10

$ 4 ,7 0 0

$ 4 ,7 0 0

H E D IA N
R ID D L E

N E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RANGE

<50
<80

PER CEN T)
PER CEN T)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 7 ,3 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,3 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,2 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0

$ 9 .7 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0

$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

<6>

16 >

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,5 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,5 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

<6 )

<6 >

S E R V IC E :
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0

RANGE

<50

PERCEN T)

---------------------------------------

$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,6 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,2 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0

N ID D LE

$ 3 ,5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

<6 )

N ID D LE

RANGE

<80

PER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

S3* 0 0 0 — lO tO O O

$ 7 .5 0 0 -2 3 .3 0 0

$ 7 ,5 0 0 -2 3 .3 0 0

<6 )

16)

N E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------H E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo otnotes

$ 7 ,7 0 0

$ 7 ,7 0 0

$ 7 ,6 0 0

at end of ta b les .




28

$ 8 ,0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,2 0 0

<6 )

<6 )

$ 8 ,0 0 0

<6 )

16)
16)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers. Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1979— Continued
P ro d u ctio n
A lt

and

re late d

w o rke rs

in d u s trie s

O ffic e w o r k e rs
A ll

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Ite m
A ll

TYPE

ANOUNT

OF

W H IC H

OF

IN SU R A N C E
FOR

PERCENT
AMOUNT

OF
OF

ANNUAL

AND

N o n co n trib u to ry

p l a n s 16

p l a n s 16

p l a n s 16

IS

A

A

p l a n s 16

BASED

ALL

ON

F U L L -T IM E

IN S U R A N C E

A

AMOUNT

OF

5

W O R K E R S 1 7 -------------------------------------------

3

2

3

ARE

$4* 200
$3*000

$3*700
$ 1 ,6 0 0

(6 )

$ 1 2 ,0 0 0

(6 )

(6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

(6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 2 ,5 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 8 ,1 0 0

$ 2 0 ,1 0 0

---------------------------------------

$ 1*600-

5*000

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

5 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

5 .0 0 0

RANGE

(8 0

P ER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

$1*000-

8*000

$ 1 ,0 0 0 -

8 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -

5 .0 0 0

ARE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M ID D LE

RANGE

M ID D LE

RANGE

$8*400
$6*000

$ 7 ,2 0 0
$ 3 ,0 0 0

$ 6 ,3 0 0

(6 )

$ 6 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 1 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -1 2 * 0 0 0

C6I

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

$ 1 2 ,9 0 0

(6 )
(6 )

(5 0

P ER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

(8 0

PER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

$ 1 * 6 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 ,6 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

$13*500

$ 1 3 ,6 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0

M ED IA N
M ID D LE

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RANGE (5 0
PER CEN T)
---------------------------------------

$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 4 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

M ID D LE

RANGE

$ 4 * 0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 6 ,2 0 0

$ 1 6 ,9 0 0

(8 0

PER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

M ED IAN

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M ID D LE

RANGE

(5 0

P ER C EN T)

---------------------------------------

H ID O L E

RANGE

(8 0

P ER CEN T)

---------------------------------------

IS

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 9 ,8 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 1 7 ,0 0 0

$ 1 7 ,5 0 0

(6 )
(6 )

$ 1 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 2 ,0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 2 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
$5* 0 0 0 - 4 5 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -4 5 * 0 0 0

$ 2 6 .7 0 0

$ 3 0 ,1 0 0

$ 2 7 ,8 0 0

$ 3 2 ,0 0 0

(6 )

$ 3 0 ,0 0 0

$ 2 8 ,9 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0

(6 )

$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -3 2 .0 0 0

$ 4 ,0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

(6 >

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -3 2 .0 0 0

$ 1 6 ,0 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0

(6 >
(6 )

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 -4 2 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -4 2 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 8 ,0 0 0 -4 5 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -4 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 2 ,5 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0
$ 8 ,0 0 0 -4 5 .0 0 0

$ 2 2 ,5 0 0 -3 3 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 .0 0 0 -4 5 .0 0 0

$2 0* 0 0 0:

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

IN SU R A N C E

$ 9 ,4 0 0

$1 5* 0 0 0:

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ARE

$ 1 1 ,0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 :

M ED IA N

ARE

$ 9 ,7 0 0

(6 )

P ER CEN Tl

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OF

9

$ 3 ,0 0 0

(5 0

EA R N IN G S

i i

$ 3 ,1 0 0

RANGE

EA R N IN G S

14

$ 5 *0 0 0 :

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EA R N IN G S

19

P R O V I D E O 18 I F :

M ID D LE

ANNUAL

p l a n s 16

OF

M ID D LE

AMOUNT

N o n co n trib u to ry

p l a n s 16

EA R N IN 6 S !

M ED IA N

ANNUAL

p l a n s 16

A ll

SCHEDULE

DOLLAR

AMOUNT

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANNUAL

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n co n trib u to ry

AMOUNT

S P E C IF IE D

S P E C IF IE D

EA R N IN G S

ANNUAL

in d u s trie s

A ll

IN S U R A N C E -C O N T IN U E D

IN D IC A TE S

IN SU R AN C E

PLAN

A ll

p l a n s 16

OF

N o n c o n trib u to ry

EXPRESSED

AS

A

FACTOR

$ 8 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
$ 5 * 0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

$ 3 4 .2 0 0

$ 3 8 ,5 0 0

$ 4 2 ,0 0 0

(6 )

$ 3 3 ,2 0 0
$ 4 0 ,0 0 0

$ 3 4 ,4 0 0
$ 4 0 ,0 0 0

OF

E A R N I N G S : 19

PERCENT
FACTO R

OF
OF

AMOUNT

ALL

F U L L -T IM E

ANNUAL

W O R K E R S 1 7 ----------------------------------

EA R N IN G S

USED

TO

13

13

12

12

42

37

33

1 .8 9

1 .9 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 1

2 .0 0

2 .0 0

1 .5 0

2 .0 0

30

CALCULATE

O F I N S U R A N C E ! 18
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .4 9

1 .4 9

1 .5 4

1 .5 4

M ED IA N
M ID D LE

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RANGE
(5 0
PER CEN T)
------------------------------

1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .5 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

M ID D LE

RANGE

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

(8 0

P ER CEN T)

-------------------------------

PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E
WORKERS
PLANS NOT S P E C IF Y IN G
A M AXIM UM
IM 5 U P A N C E — —■ — — — — —— — — — — — — — — —
—

COVERED BY
AMOUNT OF
— — —— —— — -

PERCENT

COVERED

OF

ALL

F U L L -T IM E

PLANS
S P E C IF Y IN G
A
I N S U R A N C E -------------------------—
S P E C IF IE D

M AX IM U M

WORKERS

AMOUNT

OF

M ED IA N

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M ID D LE

RANGE

AMOUNT
o f

OF

IN S U R A N C E

p l a n :
PERCENT

See

OF

ALL

fo otnotes

RANGE

IS

11

9

9

30

2

2

2

2

11

$ 4 3 ,4 0 0

(6 )

(6 )

(5 0

$ 5 0 ,0 0 0

(6 )

P ER CEN T)

(8 0

BASEO

F U L L -T IM E

PER CEN T)

ON

SOME

$ 4 3 ,4 0 0
$ 5 0 ,0 0 0

------------------------------

$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 -

-------------------------------

$ 1 1 * 5 0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0 0

OTHER

6 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

$ 1 8 5 ,4 0 0
$ 2 0 0 ,0 0 0

6 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

(6 )

$ 1 5 0 ,0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 .5 0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0 0

(6 )

(6 )

$ 1 2 0 ,0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 -

32

29

11
$ 1 8 5 ,4 0 0
$ 2 0 0 ,0 0 0

1

1

$ 1 5 0 ,0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0
$ 1 2 0 ,0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

$ 4 6 ,1 0 0
$ 6 0 ,0 0 0

$ 4 6 ,1 0 0
$ 6 0 ,0 0 0

$ 5 0 ,0 0 0 -

6 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 0 ,0 0 0 -

6 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 * 5 0 0-

6 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 1 ,5 0 0 -

6 0 .0 0 0

TYPE

W O R K E R S 1 7 ---------------------------------

4

4

5

at end of ta b les .




26

I N S U R A N C E : 18

M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R ID D L E

11

BY

M AX IM U M A M O U N T OF
— — — — ---------------------— ------------ — --------------------

29

5

8

8

5

5

Footnotes
Som e o f th e se stan dard fo o tn o te s m ay not apply to th is b u lletin .

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly
h ou rs.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f
a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s than
th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th a n th e
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 E a r n in g s da ta r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t i fic a t io n w a s
p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 E s t im a t e s f o r p e r io d s en d in g p r i o r t o 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o t h e r e s t im a t e s r e ­
la te t o m e n and w o m e n .
8 D ata d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r ie s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k ­
w eeks re p o rte d .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
9 I n c lu d e s a ll p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la te s h if t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly
o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s .
10 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
11 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
12 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll and h a lf d a y s th at a d d t o th e s a m e a m ou n t;
f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 10 d a y s
in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 10 fu ll d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 9 f u ll d a y s and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e cu m u la te d .




13 In cludes paym ents oth er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r ce n ta g e
o f annual earn in gs o r fla t-s u m p a y m en ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e
b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le, 2 p ercen t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e are ch osen a r b it r a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t
in dividu al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r e x a m p le , changes in p r o p o r tio n s
at 10 y e a r s include changes betw een b and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a re c u m u la ­
tiv e . T h u s, the p r o p o rtio n e lig ib le fo r at le a st 3 w e e k s ' pay a fter 10 y e a r s
in clu d es th ose e lig ib le fo r at le a st 3 w e e k s ' pay a fter fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
14 E stim a tes lis te d after type o f b e n e fit are fo r all plans fo r w h ich
at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r .
"N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s " in clu de on ly th ose fin an ced e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r . E x clu d e d are
le g a lly re q u ire d p la n s, su ch as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
15 U nduplicated tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown se p a ra te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to
th o se w hich defin itely e s ta b lis h at le a st the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay
that ea ch em p lo y e e can ex p ect. In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d
on an in dividu al b a sis are ex clu d ed .
16 E stim a tes under " A ll p la n s " r e la te to a ll plans fo r w h ich at le a st
a part o f the cost is born e by the e m p lo y e r . E s tim a te s under "N o n c o n t r ib ­
u tory p la n s " in clude only th o se fin a n ced e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
47 F o r "A ll in d u s t r ie s ," all fu ll-t im e p r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
o r o ffic e w o rk e r s equal 100 p e r ce n t.
F o r "M a n u fa c tu r in g ," a ll fu ll-t im e
p ro d u ctio n and re la te d w o rk e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g equ al 100
p e r ce n t.
18 The m ean amount is com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the n u m ber o f
w o r k e r s p r o v id e d in su ra n ce by the am ount o f in su ra n ce p r o v id e d , tota lin g
the p r o d u c ts , and dividing the sum by the n u m ber o f w o r k e r s . The m ed ian
in d ica te s that h alf o f the w o rk e r s are p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r s m a lle r
and h alf an amount equal to o r la r g e r than the am ount show n.
M iddle
ran ge (50 p e rce n t)— a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s a re p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to
or le s s than the s m a lle r amount and a fou rth a re p r o v id e d an am ount equal
to o r m o r e them the la r g e r am ount. M id d le ra n ge (80 p e r c e n t)— 10 p e r c e n t o f
the w o r k e r s are p ro v id e d an am ount equ al to o r le s s than the s m a lle r
am ount and 10 p e rce n t are p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r m o r e than the
la r g e r am ount.
19 A fa c to r o f annual earn in g s is the n u m b er by w h ich annual ea rn in g s
a re m u ltip lie d to d eterm in e the am ount o f in s u r a n ce p r o v id e d . F o r e x a m p le ,
a fa c to r o f 2 in d ica tes that fo r annual e a rn in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the am ount o f
in su ra n ce p ro v id e d is $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 .

A ppendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey

In e a c h o f the 72 1 a rea s c u rre n tly su rv ey ed , the B u reau obtains
w ag es and r e la te d b e n e fits data fr o m rep resen ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts within
s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an ufacturin g; tra n sp orta tion , co m m u n ica tion ,
and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . G overn m en t op era tion s and the co n stru ction
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s are ex clu d ed . E sta blish m en ts having fe w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s are a lso ex clu d ed b e c a u se o f in su fficien t
em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s studied. Appendix table 1 show s the n um ber
o f e sta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s estim a ted to be within the s c o p e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e ll as the n u m b e r a ctu ally studied.

O ccu p ation s and earn in gs
O ccu p ation s s e le c t e d fo r study are com m on to a v a riety o f m anu fac­
turing and n onm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s , and are o f the follow in g types: (1)
O ffice c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
and pow erp lan t; and (4) m a te r ia l m ov em en t and cu stod ia l. O ccupational
c la s s ific a tio n is b a sed on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s cr ip tio n s design ed to take
accoun t o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n ip duties within the sam e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ica ted , the earn ings data follow in g the jo b titles
are fo r all in d u stries com b in ed . E arn in gs data fo r som e o f the occu pation s
lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in du stry d iv ision s within the scop e o f the
su r v e y , are not p re se n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b les b eca u se eith er (1) em p lo y ­
m ent in the o ccu p a tion is too sm a ll to p rov id e enough data to m e rit p r e s e n ­
ta tion , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establishm ent
data. S ep arate m e n 's and w o m e n 's earn in g s data are not p resen ted when the
n u m ber o f w o rk e r s not id en tified by sex is 20 p e rce n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w om en id en tified in an occu p a tion .
E arn in gs data not shown sep arately
fo r in du stry d iv is io n s are in clu d ed in data fo r all in du stries com bined.
L ik e w is e , fo r o ccu p a tion s w ith m o r e than one le v e l, data are included in
the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a su b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r in form ation
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le.

B u rea u fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s obtain data by p e r so n a l v is it s at 3 -y e a r
in te r v a ls . In e a ch o f the tw o in terven in g y e a r s , in form a tion on em p loym en t
and o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s on ly is c o lle c te d by a com bin a tion o f p e r s o n a l
v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and teleph on e in terview fr o m esta b lish m en ts
p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su rv e y .

A sa m p le o f the esta b lish m en ts in the scop e o f the su rv ey is
s e le c t e d f o r study p r io r to e a ch p e r s o n a l v is it su rv ey .
T h is s a m p le , le s s
e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u sin e s s o r are no lo n g e r w ithin the in d u stria l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is reta in ed fo r the follow in g two annual s u r v e y s . In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts new to the a rea are not c o n s id e r e d in the sco p e
o f the su r v e y until the s e le c t io n o f a sam ple fo r a p e r s o n a l v is it su rv e y .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t and earn in gs data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch edu le. E arnings
data ex clu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid a ys,
and late sh ifts.
N on production b on u ses are e x clu d e d , but c o s t -o f-liv in g
a llow a n ces and in cen tive bon u ses are in cluded . W eekly hours fo r o ffic e
c le r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s r e fe r to the standard
w ork w eek (roun ded to the n e a r e st h alf h our) fo r w hich em p loy ees re ce iv e
re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu s iv e o f pay fo r ov ertim e at regu lar
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v era g e w eek ly ea rn in gs fo r th ese occu pation s
are rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r . V e r tic a l lin es within the distribu tion
o f w o r k e r s on som e A -t a b le s in d ica te a change in the size o f the c la s s
in te r v a ls .

T he sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v olv e detailed s tra tifica tio n o f all
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f an in dividu al a rea su rv e y by in du stry
and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s tra tifie d u n iv e rse a p r o b a b ility
sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith e a c h esta b lish m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d chance
o f s e le c t io n .
T o obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r
p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e than s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is s e le c t e d . When data are
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w eigh ted a cco rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f
s e le c t io n so that u n b ia sed e stim a te s are g en erated.
F o r e x a m p le , if one
out o f fo u r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is given a w eight o f 4 to re p re s e n t
i t s e lf plu s th r e e o t h e r s .
An a ltern a te o f the sam e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is
c h o s e n in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c la s s ific a tio n if data a re not availab le
fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no su itable su bstitu te is a v a ila b le,
ad d ition a l w eigh t is a s sig n e d to a sam ple m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the
m is s in g unit.

Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited
area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the
U. S. Department o f Labor.




31

T h ese su rv e y s m e a su re the le v e l o f occu p a tion a l earnings in an area
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in dividu al occu p a tion a l a v era g es o v e r
tim e m ay not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age ch a n ges.
The a v era g es fo r individual
jo b s are a ffe c te d by changes in w ages and em p loym en t p a ttern s. F o r exam ple,
p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p loy ed by h igh - o r low -w a g e fir m s m ay change,
o r h igh -w a g e w o r k e r s m ay advance to b e tte r jo b s and be rep la ced by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in em p loym en t could d e c re a s e an
o c cu p a tio n a l av era g e ev en though m o s t esta b lish m en ts in an a rea in cre a s e
w ages during the y e a r . Changes in earn in g s o f o ccu p a tion a l g rou p s, shown in
table A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w age tren d s than are earn ings changes fo r
in dividu al jo b s w ithin the g rou p s.

A v e ra g e ea rn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w id e e s tim a te s . In du stries
and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe re n tly to the e stim a te s fo r each jo b .
P ay a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts.

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e —
C on tin u ed

M ech an ics (m o to r v eh icle)
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k ers

A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s
should not be assu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s w ithin
in dividual e sta b lis h m e n ts.
F a c to r s w h ich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in clude p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ran ges (on ly the ra te s paid
in cu m bents a r e c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the
g e n e ra l su rv e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th ese s u rv e y s u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in dividu al
estab lish m en ts and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in
s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .

U n sk illed plant
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s

P ercen t changes fo r in dividu al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v era g e earn ings a r e com p u ted fo r each occu p a tio n fo r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
fr o m earn ings in th ose e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in the
su rvey both y e a r s ; it is a ssu m ed that em p loym en t
rem ains unchanged.

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t estim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er actu a lly su rv ey ed .
B eca u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r , estim a te s o f
occu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d icate the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe ct m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the earn in gs data.

2.

Each occu p a tion is a s sig n e d a w eight ba sed on its
p rop ortion a te em p loym en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p in
the ba se y ea r.

3.

T h ese w eights are u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
Each o ccu p a tio n 's a v era g e ea rn in g s (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lied by its w eigh t.
The p r o d u c ts a re tota led
to obtain a grou p a v e ra g e .

4.

The ratio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the c u rre n t y ea r
by the a v era g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p re s se d as a p e r ce n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch an ge.

W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e se n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e based on changes
in a v era g e h ou rly earn in g s o f m en and w om en in e sta b lish m e n ts r e p o rtin g
the tren d jo b s in both the c u rre n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m atched e sta b lish m e n ts).
The data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t on a v e ra g e ea rn in gs o f e m p lo y ­
ment sh ifts am ong e sta b lish m en ts and tu r n o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts in cluded
in su rv ey sa m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s till a ffe c te d by
fa c to r s oth er than w age in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay
a ffect an esta b lish m en t a v e ra g e fo r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e paid
under plans p ro v id in g a range o f w age ra te s fo r individual jo b s . In p e r io d s
o f in cr e a s e d h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m a y enter at the b ottom
o f the ra n ge, d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

F o r a m o r e detailed d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u se d to com pu te
th e se w age tren ds
see "Im p rov in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly
L a b o r R ev iew , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 A v e r a g e pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin e sta b lis h m e n ts
R ela tiv e m e a s u re s o f o c cu p a tio n a l pay a r e p r e s e n te d in ta b le A -8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occu p a tion s and in ta b le A - 9 fo r b l u e - c o lla r o c cu p a tio n s .
T h ese rela tiv e valu es r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay betw een o c cu p a tio n s w ith in
in dividu al esta b lish m en ts. R ela tiv e pay v a lu es a re com p u ted by dividing an
e sta b lis h m e n t's a v era g e earn ings f o r an o c cu p a tio n bein g c o m p a re d by the
a v e ra g e fo r another occu p ation (d esig n a ted as 100) and m u ltiply in g the
quotient by 100. F o r e x a m p le, if ja n ito r s in a fir m a v e r a g e $ 4 an h ou r and
fo r k lift o p e r a to r s $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e r a t o r s have a r e la tiv e pay value o f 125
c o m p a re d with ja n ito r s . ($ 5 f $ 4 = 1.25 x 100 — 125.)
In com b in in g the
r e la tiv e s o f the individual esta b lish m en ts to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e ,
each estab lish m en t is c o n s id e r e d to h ave as m any r e la t iv e s as it has
w eigh ted w o rk e r s in the tw o jo b s bein g c o m p a r e d .

The p e r ce n t changes re la te to w age ch a n g es betw een the in dicated
d a tes. When the tim e span betw een s u r v e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
ra tes a re a ls o show n.
(It is a s su m e d that w ages in c r e a s e at a constan t
rate betw een su r v e y s .)
O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g 2

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itch boa rd o p e r a t o r s
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey en try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om p u ter s y s te m s a n a ly s ts ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om pu ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
n u r se s
S k illed m a in ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in is ts
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in ery )

2
The earnings o f computer operators are not included
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is




P ay rela tion sh ip s ba sed on o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s m a y d iffe r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e c a u se o f the v a ryin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e sta b lish m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s . F o r ex a m p le, the o v e r a ll a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r fo r k lift
o p e r a t o r s m ay be 50 p e rce n t m o r e than the a v e r a g e f o r ja n ito r s b e c a u s e the
a v e ra g e fo r fo r k lift o p e r a to r s m ay be s tr o n g ly in flu en ced by earn in g s in
h ig h -w a g e estab lish m en ts w h ile the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s m ay be stron g ly
in flu en ced by earn ings in lo w -w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
In su ch a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t rela tion sh ip w ill in d ica te a m u ch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e in
e a rn in g s.

In d u stria l n u r s e s

E sta blish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s

The in cid en ce o f s e le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s is studied f o r fu ll-t im e p r o d u c tio n and re la te d w o r k e r s and
P rod u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s (r e fe r r e d to h e r e a fte r as
in the wage trend computation for this group. o ffic e w o r k e r s .
p r o d u c tio n w o rk e r s) include w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
not equivalent to the previous description.

32

w o r k e r s (in clu d in g g rou p
le a d e r s and tr a in e e s ) engaged in fa b rica tin g ,
p r o c e s s in g , a s s e m b lin g , in s p e c tio n , r e c e iv in g , s to ra g e , handling, p a c k ­
in g , w a reh ou sin g , sh ipp ing,
m ain ten an ce, r e p a ir , ja n ito ria l and gu a rd s e r ­
v i c e s , p ro d u ct d e v e lo p m e n t, a u x ilia ry prod u ction fo r p la n t's own u se
( e .g ., p ow erp la n t), and r e co r d k e e p in g and oth er s e r v ic e s c lo s e ly a s s o c i ­
ated w ith the a b ov e p r o d u c tio n op era tion s. (C a feteria and route w o rk e r s
a r e ex clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u stries but included in n onm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .) In fin a n ce and in su r a n ce , no w o rk e rs a r e c o n s id e r e d to be
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O ffic e w o r k e r s include w orking s u p e r v is o r s and a ll n ons u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lead w o rk e r s and tr a in e e s ) p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d o ffic e
fu n ction s in su ch departm ents as a ccou n tin g ,
a d v e r tis in g , p u rc h a sin g , c o lle c t io n , c r e d it, fin a n ce, le g a l, p a y r o ll, p e r s o n n e l,
s a le s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , p u b lic re la tio n s , ex ecu tiv e, o r tra n sp orta tion .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a rt-tim e e m p lo y e e s as w e ll
as c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s u tiliz e d as sep a ra te w ork fo r c e s a r e ex clu d ed fr o m
both the p r o d u c tio n and o ffic e w o rk e r c a te g o r ie s .

w ritten fo r m o r esta b lish ed by cu stom ). H olidays are included even though
in a p a rticu la r y e a r they fa ll on a nonw orkday and em p loyees are not
granted another day o ff. P aid p e r so n a l holiday p la n s, ty p ica lly found in
the a u tom obile and rela ted in d u s tr ie s , are in clu ded as paid holidays.

M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) . M inim um en tran ce s a la r ie s
fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la te on ly to the estab lish m en ts v isited .
B e ca u se o f the
op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u se d and the p roba bility that la rg e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll estab lish m en ts to have fo r m a l en tran ce
r a te s a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the table is m o r e r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s
in m e d iu m and la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts.
(The " X 's " show n under stan dard
w e e k ly h ou rs in d ica te that no m eaningful totals a r e a p p lic a b le .)

F o r tabulating v acation pay gran ted, all p r o v is io n s are e x p re s se d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a ca tion pay ca lcu la ted on oth er than a tim e b a sis is
co n v e rte d to its equ ivalent tim e p e r io d .
Tw o p e rce n t o f annual earn in g s,
fo r e x a m p le , is tabulated as 1 w e e k 's v a ca tion pay.

Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls — m anu factu ring (table B -2 ).
Data w e re c o lle c t e d
on p o lic ie s o f m a n u fa ctu rin g esta b lish m en ts rega rdin g pay d iffe r e n tia ls fo r
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s on la te sh ifts. E sta blish m en ts c o n s id e r e d as having
p o lic ie s a r e th o se w h ich (1 ) h ave p r o v isio n s in w ritin g c o v e r in g the op e ra tio n
o f la te s h ift s , o r (2) have op era ted late shifts at any tim e during the 12
m on th s p r e ce d in g a su r v e y .
W hen estab lish m en ts have s e v e r a l d iffe r e n tia ls
w h ich v a r y by jo b , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r ity o f the p r o d u ctio n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W hen esta b lish m en ts have d iffe re n tia ls w hich apply
on ly to c e r t a in h ou rs o f w o r k , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r it y o f
the sh ift h ou rs is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a late sh ift is eith er a s e c o n d (ev en in g )
sh ift w h ich ends at o r n ear m idn igh t or a th ird (night) sh ift w hich sta rts at
o r n ear m idnigh t.
D iffe r e n tia ls fo r s e c o n d and th ird sh ifts a re su m m a r iz e d se p a r a te ly
fo r (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o li c ie s (an e sta b lis h m e n t's d iffe re n tia ls a r e w eigh ted
by a ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in the estab lish m en t at the tim e o f the su rv e y )
and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e sta b lis h m e n t's d iffe re n tia ls a r e w eigh ted by
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y ).
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid h olid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth ,
in s u r a n ce ] and p e n sio n pla n s.
P r o v is io n s w hich apply to a m a jo r ity o f the
p r o d u c tio n o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lish m en t a r e c o n s id e r e d to ap ply to
a ll p r o d u c tio n o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in the esta b lish m en t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n
is c o n s id e r e d n on ex isten t w hen it a p p lies to le s s than a m a jo r ity .
H olid a y s;
v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and pen sion plans are c o n s id e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n tly e lig ib le fo r the b en efits as w ell as to e m p lo y e e s who
w ill ev en tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days (table B -3 ). S ch ed u led w eek ly
h ou rs and days r e f e r to the n u m ber o f h ou rs and days p e r w eek w hich f u l l ­
tim e f ir s t (d a y) sh ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p ected to w ork, w hether paid fo r at
s t r a ig h t -tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P aid h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ).
H olidays a r e in clu d ed i f w o r k e r s w ho
a r e n ot r e q u ir e d to w o rk a r e paid fo r the tim e o ff and th o se r e q u ir e d to
w o rk r e c e iv e p r e m iu m pay o r co m p e n sa to r y tim e off.
T h e y a r e in clu d ed
on ly if they a r e g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a sis (p r o v id e d fo r in




Data are tabulated to show the p ercen t o f w o rk e rs who (1) are
granted s p e c ific n u m bers o f w hole and half holidays and (2) are granted
s p e c ifie d
am ounts o f total h oliday tim e (w hole and half holidays are
a g g reg a ted ).
P aid v a ca tion s (table B - 5 ) . E sta blish m en ts rep ort th eir m ethod o f
ca lcu la tin g v a ca tion pay (tim e b a s is , p ercen t o f annual earn in g s, fla t-su m
paym en t, e tc .) and the amount o f v acation pay granted. Only b a s ic fo r m a l
plans are re p o rte d . V a ca tion b o n u se s , v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans, and "ex ten ded"
o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyon d b a s ic plans are ex clu d ed .

A ls o , p r o v is io n s a fter ea ch s p e c ifie d length o f s e r v ic e are related
to a ll p rod u ction o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lish m en t r e g a rd le s s o f length o f
s e r v ic e . V a ca tion plans co m m o n ly p rov id e fo r a la r g e r amount of vacation
pay as s e r v ic e len gth en s. Counts o f p rod u ction o r o ffic e w ork ers by length
o f s e r v ic e w e re not obtain ed.
The tabu lation s o f v acation pay granted
p r e s e n t, t h e r e fo r e , s ta tis tic a l m e a s u re s o f th ese p r o v is io n s rather than
p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s actu ally r e ce iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits.
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans (tables B -6 and B - 7 ) . Health,
in su r a n ce , and p en sion plans in clu de plans fo r w hich the e m p loy er pays
e ith e r all o r pa rt o f the c o s t.
The c o s t m ay be (1) underw ritten by a
c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com pa n y o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n , (2) co v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ich the e m p lo y e r has c o n trib u ted , o r (3) born e d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f op era tin g funds o r a fund set a sid e to c o v e r the c o st.
A plan is in clu d ed even though a m a jo r ity o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent do not c h o o s e to p a rticip a te in it b e c a u se they are requ ired to bea r
pa rt o f its c o s t (p ro v id e d the c h o ic e to p a rticip a te is available o r w ill
even tu ally b e c o m e av ailab le to a m a jo r ity ). L e g a lly req u ired plans such as
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t, w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility com pen sa tion , and
te m p o ra ry d is a b ility in su ra n ce 3 are ex clu d ed .

3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

L ife in su ra n ce in clu d es fo r m a l plans p ro v id in g in dem n ity (u su ally
through an in su ra n ce p o lic y ) in c a se o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In form ation is a lso p r o v id e d in ta ble B -7 on typ es o f life in su ra n ce plans
and the am ount o f c o v e r a g e ip a ll in d u strie s com b in ed and in m a n u factu rin g.
A c cid e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to plans
w hich p r o v id e b en efit paym en ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sight as a
d ir e c t resu lt o f an a ccid e n t.
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce in clu d e s on ly th ose plans w hich
p rov id e that p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym en ts be m ade d ir e c tly to e m p lo y e e s
who lo s e tim e fr o m w o rk b e c a u se o f illn e s s o r in ju ry , e .g ., $ 50 a w eek
fo r up to 26 w eek s o f d is a b ility .
S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w hich p r o v id e fo r
continuing an e m p lo y e e 's pay during a b sen ce fr o m w ork b e c a u se o f illn e s s .
Data c o lle c te d distin g u ish b etw een (1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay w ith no
w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans w h ich e ith e r p r o v id e p a rtia l pay o r re q u ire a
w aiting p e r io d .
L o n g -t e r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e paym en ts to tota lly
d isa b led e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ira tio n o f th e ir paid s ick lea ve a n d /o r s ic k ­
n ess and a ccid en t in s u r a n ce , o r a fte r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d isa b ility
(ty p ica lly 6 m on th s). P ay m en ts are m ade until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a xim u m a g e, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m ents are a lm o st alw ays red u ced by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
com p en sa tion , and p r iv a te p en sion b e n e fits payable to the d isa b led e m p lo y e e .
H o sp ita liza tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in su ra n ce plans re p o rte d
in th ese s u rv e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r tia l paym ent fo r b a s ic s e r v ic e s re n d e re d .
H osp ita liza tion in su ra n ce c o v e r s h osp ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m ay c o v e r
oth er h osp ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ica l
in su ran ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h osp ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s tr ic te d to p o s t-o p e r a tiv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
ailm ents at a w o r k e r 's p la ce o f em p loy m en t a re not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ica l in su r a n ce .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r a g e a p p lies to s e r v ic e s w hich go
beyond the b a s ic s e r v ic e s c o v e r e d under h o sp ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ica l in s u r a n ce .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce ty p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a
"d e d u c tib le " ( e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be m et b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
feature that r e q u ir e s the in su red to pay a p o r tio n (e .g ., 20 p e r ce n t) o f
certa in e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a xim u m o f b en efits (e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ).
D ental in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e n o rm a l dental s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
usually fo r fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w hich p r o v id e b en efits
only fo r o r a l s u r g e r y o r re p a ir in g a ccid e n t dam age a re not r e p o rte d .
R e tire m e n t p en sion plans p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r paym en ts to the
r e tir e e fo r life .
In clu ded are d e fe r r e d p r o fit-s h a r in g plans w h ich p r o v id e
the option o f p u rch a sin g a life tim e annuity.

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t ag reem en t c o v e r a g e
The follow in g tabulation sh ow s the p e r c e n t o f fu ll-t im e p ro d u ctio n
and o ffic e w o rk e rs em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts in the P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —
W
P aw tucket area in w hich a union c o n t r a c t o r c o n tr a c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r ity
o f the w o rk e r s in the r e s p e c tiv e c a t e g o r ie s , S ep te m b e r 197 9:
P ro d u c tio n and
re la te d w o r k e r s
A ll in d u stries
M anufacturing
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___
P u blic u t i l i t i e s ___

42
43
38
93

5
5
5
55

A n estab lish m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a ll
p rod u ction o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by
a la b or-m a n a g em en t ag reem en t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll oth er p r o d u ctio n o r o ffic e
w o rk e r s a re em p loyed in esta b lish m en ts that e ith e r do not have la b o r m anagem ent con tra cts in e ffe c t, o r have c o n tra cts that ap ply to fe w e r than
half o f th e ir produ ction o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily
re p re s e n ta tiv e of the extent to w hich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d
by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e ca u se s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m ents a r e exclu ded and the in d u stria l s c o p e o f the su r v e y is lim ite d .

In d u stria l co m p o s itio n in m anufacturing
T w o -th ird s of the w o rk e r s w ithin the s c o p e o f the su r v e y in
the P r o v id e n c e — arw ick—
W
Paw tucket a r e a w e re e m p lo y e d in m a n u factu rin g
fir m s .
The follow in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u strie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll
m anu factu ring:
M isce lla n e o u s m anufacturing in d u s t r ie s _____________________________
C ostu m e je w e lr y and n o tio n s _______________________________________
J ew elry , s ilv e r w a r e , and pla ted w a r e ___________________________
E le c t r ic and e le c tr o n ic eq u ip m en t____________________________________
E le c t r ic distribu ting e q u ip m e n t___________________________________
E le c t r ic lighting and w irin g e q u ip m e n t___________________________
T e x tile m ill p r o d u c ts __________________________________________________
F a b rica te d m etal p r o d u c t s _____________________________________________
R u bber and m isc e lla n e o u s p la s tic s p r o d u cts ________________________
P r im a r y m etal in d u s tr ie s _____________________________________________
N on ferrou s r o llin g and d r a w in g ___________________________________
M a ch in ery, ex cep t e l e c t r i c a l _________________________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n eq u ip m en t_____________________________________________
Instrum ents and re la te d p r o d u c t s _____________________________________

4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
T h is in form ation
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
fr o m u n iv e r se m a te r ia ls
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
v a r io u s in du stry d iv is io n s




O ffic e w o r k e r s

29
15
10
11
5
5
8
7
6
6
5
6
5
5

is ba sed on e stim a te s o f tota l em p loy m en t d e r iv e d
co m p ile d b e fo r e actu a l su rv ey .
P r o p o r t io n s in
m ay d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s ba sed on the r e su lts
o f the su r v e y as shown in appendix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
Providence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass.,1 June 1979
2
N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

2

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sc o p e of study

W ithin scop e
o f s tudy 3

Studied
Studied

T o t a l4
N u m b er

ALL

P ercen t

F u ll- tim e
produ ction and
r ela te d w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

ESTABLISHMENTS

--------------------------------------------------------

-

796

182

169.00 0

100

1 0 1.32 7

22 .8 86

88 ,8 63

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

518

93

110.47 8

65

82,564

9,537

52 .985

-

278

89

58 .5 22

35

18 ,7 63

13 .3 4 9

35 .378

50
53

28

17

8,874

5

55

11

6,408

4

50

21

17

2 1 ,1 97
14t 895

13

50

IDA
40

50

51

23

7,148

4

ALL

INDUSTRY

DIVISIONS

MANUFACTURING

TRANSPORTATION.

COMMUNICATION.

AND

----------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE
TRACE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL
TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE,
INSURANCE.
AND R E A L E S T A T E
S E R V I C E S 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OTHER

PUBLIC

U T ILITIE S5

LARGE

9

4 ,25 6
( 6)

( 4)
( 6)
( 6)

1,187

7,3 4 7

( 4)
( 4)

12 .5 00

( 6)
( 61

1.865
10 ,0 12
4.15 4

ESTABLISHMENTS

-------------------------------------------------------

-

78

59

80 .4 14

100

43 ,631

15 .0 5 0

67 .3 8 2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

47

34

50 .4 70

63

36 ,2 48

5,556

41 .5 7 8

-

31

25

29 ,944

37

7.383

9,494

25 .8 0 4

500

6

5

6.02 2

7

ALL

INDUSTRY

DIVISIONS

m a n u f a c t u r in g

TRANSPORTATION.

COMMUNICATION.

AND

------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL
TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE.
INSURANCE.
AND R E A L E S T A T E
s e r v i c e s 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------OTHER

PUELIC

U T ILITIE S5

530

2

1

1.24 0

2

500

11

10

11 .0 23

14

530

11

8

11 .053

14

(4

500

1

i

606

1

<4

1 T h e P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P aw tu cket Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by
the O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B udget through F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n sists o f the follow in g a r e a s in
Rhode Isla n d :
C e n tr a l F a l l s , C r a n s to n , E a st P r o v id e n c e , Paw tucket, P r o v id e n c e , and W oon sock e t
C it ie s , and eight tow ns in P r o v id e n c e C ounty; N a r r a g a n se tt, N orth Kingstow n, and South K ingstow n
tow ns in W a sh in g to n C oun ty; W a r w ic k C ity and th ree towns in K ent County; a ll of B r is to l C ounty; and
J am e stow n tow n in N e w p ort C ou n ty , and in M a s s a c h u s e tts :
A ttle b o ro C ity , and se v e n contiguous
tow ns in B r i s t o l , N o r fo lk , and W o r c e s t e r C ou n ties.
The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s tim a te s
p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and com p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in
the s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in tend ed , h o w ev er, for c o m p a r iso n with other s t a tis t ic a l s e r ie s to
m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rve ys r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad van ce of the p a y r o ll period stud ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts
a r e ex clu d ed f r o m the sc o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 T h e 19 72 ed ition of the S tan d ard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed to c la s s if y
e sta b lish m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv isio n )
A l l govern m en t operation s are exclu d ed fr o m the scop e of
the su r v e y .




3.21 0
(6)
<6

)
)
)

791

5.52 2

)
)
)

10 .2 9 0

(4 )

606

(4
(4
(4

620
8,766

3 In clud es a ll esta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p lo y m en t at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll
ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u strie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto rep air s e r v ic e , and
m o tio n p ictu r e s th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as one e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clud es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t -t im e , s e a s o n a l, and other w o r k e r s excluded f r o m the
se p a r a te p rodu ction and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d
to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n a r e exclu ded.
6 S ep a ra te data fo r this d iv isio n a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s , but the
d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in the " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " e s t im a t e s .
7 H o tels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and other p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss
s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p arkin g; m otion p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip org a n iza tio n s (excluding re lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iza tio n s); and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

35

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p rep a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the
B u rea u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
into a p p ro p ria te occu p a tion s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p loy ed under a v a r ie ty
o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w ork arra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t
to esta b lish m en t and fr o m a r e a
to a re a .
T h is p e rm its grouping
o ccu p a tion a l w age ra tes re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content. B eca u se
o f this em p h a sis on in teresta b lish m en t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility
o f occu p a tion a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s cr ip tio n s m ay d iffe r s i g ­
n ifica n tly fr o m th ose in use in individu al esta b lish m en ts o r th ose p r e ­
p a red fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the
B u re a u 's fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cte d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r ­
v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; and p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p rob a tion a ry w o r k e r s .
H andicapped w o r k e r s w hose ea rn in g s are red u ced b e c a u se o f th eir
handicap are a lso ex clu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a in e e s , unless
s p e c ific a lly in clu d ed in the jo b d e s c r ip tio n , are ex clu d ed .

Office
SE C R E T AR Y— Continued

SECRET ARY

E x clu s io n s — Continued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to <5ne in dividu al.
M aintains a c lo s e and h ighly r e s p o n s iv e re la tion sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y a c tiv ­
itie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W ork s fa ir ly in dependently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
detailed s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
duties re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine and u nderstanding o f the
o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s rela ted to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

a.

P osition s w hich do not m eet the
d e s cr ib e d above;

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e t a r y con cept

b. Stenograph ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e du ties;
c.
d.

E x clu s io n s .
Not a ll p osition s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p les o f p osition s w hich a r e e x clu d ed fr o m the
defin ition a r e as fo llo w s :




S tenograph ers serv in g as o ffic e a ssista n ts
fe s s io n a l, te ch n ica l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

A s sis ta n t-ty p e p osition s w h ich en tail m o r e d ifficu lt or m o r e r e ­
sp on sib le te ch n ica l, a d m in is tra tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y duties w hich
a re not ty p ica l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e .g ., A d m in istra tiv e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E xecu tive A s sis ta n t;

L isted below a r e s e v e r a l o ccu p a tion s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s cr ip tio n s o r titles a re bein g in trod u ced
in this su rv e y :
T r u c k d riv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
(p r e v io u s ly su rv ey ed
as shipping and
r e ce iv in g c le rk )
Guard

S e c r e ta r y
K ey en try o p e r a to r
C om p u ter o p e r a to r
D ra fter
S tation ary en g in eer
B o ile r ten der

The B ureau has d iscon tin u ed c o lle c tin g data fo r tabulating -m a ch in e op e ra to r, b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e
o p e r a to r , and m ach in e b ille r . W o r k e rs p r e v io u s ly c la s s ifie d as w atchm en a re now c la s s ifie d as g u a rd s
u nder the r e v is e d d e s cr ip tio n .

36

to a grou p

of p ro­

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l— Continued

e.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not fit any o f the situations lis te d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w title d ''L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r ," e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

seg m en t often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r so n s)
o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r so n s.
LS—
4

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t of a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

b.

S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n of
the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the c o rp o r a te o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r su b s id ia r y o f a com pa n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l
S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e r e q u ir e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d
a t o n e o f f iv e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) the le v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and , (b ) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
T h e ta b u la tio n fo llo w in g the e x p la n a tio n s o f t h e s e
tw o f a c t o r s in d ic a t e s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a t io n o f th e
fa c to r s .

JLevel o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (LS)
LS—1

a.

S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit (e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f ic e r o r a ssista n t, sk ille d tech n icia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE :
M a n y com p a n ies a ssig n ste n o g r a p h e rs ,
ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b ove, to this le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
LS—2

a.

S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in
the d efin ition fo r L S -3 , but w h ose org a n iz a tion a l unit n o rm a lly
n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l dozen em p lo y e e s and is u su ally d ivided
in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts w hich are often , in tu rn , fu rth er
su b d ivid ed . In s o m e co m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d es a w ide range
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , only one o r tw o; or

b. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an individu al plant, fa c to r y , e t c ., (o r
o th e r eq u iv a len t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
LS—
3

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.

c.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd or p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m ed ia tely below the o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o rp o r a te w id e fu nction al activity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h ea d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f
(o r o th e r eq u iv a len t le v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility (L R )
T h is fa c to r evalu ates the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
e x p e cte d to e x e r c is e in itia tive and
at LR —1 o r L R — d e s c r ib e d b elow
2

nature o f the w o rk rela tion sh ip betw een
and the extent to w hich the s e c r e t a r y is
judgm en t. S e c r e t a r ie s should be m atched
a c c o r d in g to th e ir le v e l of r e sp o n sib ility .

L R -1 . P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l du ties in cluding o r c o m p a ra b le
to m o s t of the fo llo w in g :

a.

A n sw e r s te le p h o n e s,
com in g m a il.

b.

A n sw e r s teleph on e re q u e sts w h ich have stan dard a n sw e r s.
r e p ly to re q u e sts by sending a fo r m le tte r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o rts p re p a re d by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to en su re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M aintains s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cted .

e.

T ypes,

am in dividual plant, fa c t o r y , e t c .,
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll,

e. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p ortan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l s e g ­
m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l




N O T E : T h e te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r " u sed in the a b ove LS d e f­
in ition r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t co rp o r a te w id e p o li c y ­
m aking r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title " v ic e
p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id en tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p re sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in dividu al c a s e s o r tr a n sa ctio n s ( e .g ., a p p rov e or deny
in dividu al loa n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in ister in dividu al tru st a cco u n ts ; d i­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f ic e r s " fo r p u rp o s e s o f applying the d efin ition .

g re e ts

person al

ca len d a r

and

takes and t r a n s c r ib e s d icta tio n ,

c a lle r s ,

m a k es

and

opens

appointm ents

and file s .

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

L R - 2.
P e r fo r m s duties d e s c r ib e d u nder LR—1 and, in addition p e r ­
fo r m s ta sk s req u irin g g r e a te r ju dgm en t, in itia tiv e , and know ledge
o f o ffic e fu nction s including o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a. S c r e e n s telep h on e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d eterm in in g w hich can
be h andled by the s u p e r v is o r 's su b ord in a tes o r o th e r o ffic e s .
b.

A n sw e rs r eq u ests w h ich r e q u ire a d eta iled kn ow led ge o f o f ­
fic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c tio n o f in fo rm a tio n fr o m file s o r
o th e r o f f ic e s .
M ay sign routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n am e.

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in com p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o rts on the b a sis
o f g e n e r a l in s tru ctio n s .

d. S ch ed u les ten tative appointm ents without p r io r c le a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a ck g rou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M akes a rra n g e m e n ts fo r m eetin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .
e.

E x pla in s s u p e r v is o r 's re q u ire m e n ts to oth e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A lso ty p e s , takes d icta tio n , and file s .)

The fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and L R com b in a tion :

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______s u p e r v is o r _____

S ten og rap h er, G e n e ra l. D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o rm a l routine v o c a b u ­
la r y .
M ay m aintain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la tiv e ly
routine c le r i c a l ta sk s.
TRA N SC RIBIN G -M AC H IN E TY PIST
P r im a r y duty is to type cop y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w hich does
not in v olv e v a rie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y su ch as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m aintain file s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er re la tiv e ly
routine c le r ic a l ta sk s.
(See S ten og ra p h er defin ition fo r w o r k e r s in v olv ed
w ith shorthand dicta tion .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility
T Y P IS T
LR—1

LS—1.
LS—
2.
LS—
3.
LS—
4.

OR
P e r fo r m s sten og rap h ic duties req u irin g sig n ifica n tly g r e a te r in ­
depen den ce and r e sp o n sib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by
the follow in g : W ork re q u ire s a high d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic sp eed and
a c c u r a c y ; a thorough w orkin g k n ow ledge o f g e n e ra l b u sin e s s and o ffic e p r o ­
ce d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , file s , w o rk flow , e tc . U ses this kn ow led ge in p e r fo rm in g s te n o ­
g ra p h ic duties and re sp o n sib le c le r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m aintaining fo llo w ­
up file s ; a ssem b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d a , and le t te r s ; c o m ­
p osin g sim p le le tte rs fr o m g en era l in s tr u c tio n s ; readin g and routing in com in g
m a il; and answ ering routine q u e stio n s, e tc .

C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

E
D
C
B

L R -2
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

D
C
B
A

ST E N O G R A PH E R
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tion .
M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten cop y.
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a
sten og ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p ist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a con fid en tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r ex e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fter ca lcu la tion s have been m ade by an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clu de
typing o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r use in du plicatin g
p rocesses.
May do c le r i c a l w ork in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch
as keepin g sim ple r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and
distrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typin g m a te r ia l
in fin al fo r m when it in v olv es com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , pu nctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout
and typing o f co m p lica te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n iform ity and
b a la n ce in sp acing. M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d eta ils to suit
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d ra fts; o r routine typing o f f o r m s , in su r a n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
o r settin g up sim p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lrea d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .
F IL E CLE R K

S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r . D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e ­
c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and m ain tain f ile s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.




F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y ste m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s re q u ire d to m aintain file s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

F I L E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in dexes file m a te ria l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c ., in an e sta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m
con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tter file s .
M ay a lso file this
m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a riou s types in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

adequacy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a scerta in in g c re d it rating o f cu s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith a ck n ow led gem en t o f r e ce ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to see that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let cu s to m e r know
o f a delay in d e liv e r y ; m ain taining o r d e r file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la ss B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s sifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le
(s u b je ct m a tte r ) h ead in g s o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s.
As req u ested ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r ­
fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

E x clu de w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m is s io n b a sis o r w hose duties in clude
any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s rath er than fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e r s with con su lta tiv e a d v ice using kn ow l­
edge gain ed fr o m en gin eerin g o r ex ten siv e te c h n ic a l trainin g; em phasizing
s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise as an in teg ra l part o f the jo b .

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te ria l that has a lrea d y been
c la s s ifi e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n
s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e ric a l).
As r eq u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rd s m a te r ia l; and m ay
fill out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e file s .

P o s itio n s
d efin ition s:

M ESSEN G ER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distribu tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu de p osition s that r e q u ire op e ra tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o rd in g

to

the

follow in g

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in v olv e m aking judgm ents such as
ch oosin g w hich s p e c ific p ro d u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e sta b lish m e n t's prod u ct
lin es w ill sa tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r determ in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
when p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m aking
som e sim p le m a th em a tica l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la ss B . H andles o r d e r s in volvin g item s w hich have rea d ily id e n ­
t ifie d u ses and a p p lica tio n s . M ay r e fe r to a ca ta lo g , m a n u fa ctu re r's m anual,
o r s im ila r docu m en t to in su re that p r o p e r item is su pplied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTIN G C LE RK

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as postin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e rify in g the in ternal c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docu m en ts;
a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d istrib u tion c o d e s ;, exam ining and v e rify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a rio u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lcu la tio n s , postin g,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p rep a rin g m o r e c o m p lica te d jou rn a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w ork in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accounting sy stem .

O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b oa rd o r c on sole u sed w ith a p riv a te
b r a n c h ex ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s t e m to re la y in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and to ll c h a rg e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a teleph on e
s w itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk m ay o c cu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch boa rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one o p e r a to r are
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a lso acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, see S w itch boa rd
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p t io n is t .

The w ork r e q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f c le r i c a l m ethods and o ffic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich re la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o rd in g o f tr a n s a ctio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and accounting te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is not req u ired to have a
k n ow led ge o f the fo r m a l prin .cip les o f book k eep in g and accoun tin g.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itch b o a rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e ce p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
w o rk in v o lv e s su ch d u ties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ; d eterm in in g nature o f v is it o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p r ia te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p ro ­
p r ia te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con tactin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
a r r a n g in g an ap p oin tm en t; k eep in g a log o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s
d efin ition s:

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . U nder g e n e r a l su p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n on re p e titiv e accounting tr a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n sa ctio n s th rough p rev iou s accounting
a ction s to d eterm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

ORD ER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s t o m e r s o r sa le s p e o p le . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
so m e co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g du ties: Q uoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g a v a ila ­
b ilit y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and su g gestin g su bstitu tes when n e c e s s a r y ; ad visin g
e x p e c te d d e liv e r y date and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e co r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; ch eckin g o r d e r sheets fo r a c c u r a c y and




are

C la ss B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g d eta iled in stru ction s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accoun tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , or w ork sh eets

39

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C on tin u ed

w here id en tifica tion o f item s and lo ca tio n s o f postin gs a r e c le a r ly in dicated;
checkin g a c c u r a c y and co m p le te n e s s o f stan d ard ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accoun tin g d ocu m en ts; and codin g docu m en ts using a few p r e s c r ib e d
accounting co d e s .

BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

D oes not include em p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an ­
agem ent o r su p erv ision o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r sy ste m s analysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r en gin eerin g
p r o b le m s .

PAYRO LL CLERK
F o r w age study pu rp oses, s y s te m s an alysts are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s the c le r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su pp lem en tary b e n e fits , o r tax d e d u ctio n s; editing p a y r o ll
listin g s a gain st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tra cin g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a ssistin g in p rep a ra tion o f p e r io d ic su m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r ts .
In a nonautom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w ag es.
W ork m ay re q u ire a p r a c tic a l
know ledge o f g overn m en ta l re g u la tio n s, com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
com pu ter sy s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C lass A . W orks independently o r u nder on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p rob lem s in volvin g all ph ases o f sy s te m s a n a ly s is. P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r se s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p rod u ction
sch ed u lin g, inventory c o n tro l, c o st a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a lysis r e c o r d in
w hich e v e r y item o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the fu ll
sy ste m o f r e co r d s and ap p rop ria te follow u p a ction s are in itiated by the
c o m p u te r .) C on fers with p e rso n s c o n c e r n e d to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d vises su b je c t-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r
r e v is e d sy stem s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes re co m m e n d a tio n s , if
n eed ed , fo r ap proval o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r
obtaining equipm ent.

KEY E N TRY O P E R A T O R
O p era tes k e y b o a r d -c o n t r o lle d data en try d e v ic e such as keypunch
m achine or k e y -o p e ra te d m a gn etic tape or d isk e n co d e r to tr a n s c r ib e
data into a fo r m su itab le fo r com p u ter p r o c e s s in g .
W ork r e q u ire s sk ill in
operating an a lph a n u m eric k eyb oard and an understanding o f tr a n sc r ib in g
p ro ce d u r e s and relev a n t data en try equipm ent.
P o sitio n s a re
defin ition s:

M ay p rov id e fu nction al
who are assign ed to a s s is t.

le v e l s y s te m s analysts

c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g
C lass B. W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that are rela tiv e ly u n com p lica ted to a n a ly ze , pla n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ited c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
are h om ogeneou s and the output data are c lo s e ly rela ted .
(F o r ex a m p le,
d ev elop s sy stem s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m aintaining
a ccou n ts r e ce iv a b le in a reta il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in ven tory
accou n ts in a m anufacturing o r w h o le sa le e sta b lis h m e n t.)
C on fers with
p e r s o n s c on cern ed to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v ises
su b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy stem s
to be ap plied.

C la ss A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in se le ctin g p r o ce d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rch in g f o r , in terp retin g ,
s e le ctin g , o r codin g item s to be en tered fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m routine w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s B.
N O TE: E xclu ded a re o p e r a to rs above c la s s A using the key en try
co n tro ls to a c c e s s , rea d , and evaluate the su bsta n ce o f s p e c ific r e c o r d s to
take substantive a c tio n s , o r to m ake e n trie s req u irin g a s im ila r le v e l o f
know ledge.
C la ss B.
W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e .
U nder c lo s e su p e r v isio n
o r follow in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r d eta iled in s tru ctio n s , w ork s fr o m v a riou s
stan dardized s o u r c e docum ents w hich have been c o d e d and r e q u ire little or no
se le ctin g , c o d in g , o r in terp retin g o f data to be en tered . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r ro n e o u s ite m s , c o d e s , o r m issin g in form ation .

OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r
s y s te m , as d e s cr ib e d fo r c la s s A. W ork s in depen den tly on routine a s s ig n ­
m ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guid an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts . W ork
is rev iew ed fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, c o m p lia n ce w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
in su re p r o p e r alignm ent with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

Professional and Technical
CO M PU TER SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C lass C . W orks under im m ed ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out an alyses
as a s sig n e d , usually o f a single a c tiv ity .
A s sig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to
d ev elop and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills req u ired fo r sy stem s an alysis w ork . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h igh er
le v e l sy stem s analyst by p rep a rin g the d eta iled s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in form a tion d e v e lo p e d b y the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

A n a ly zes b u sin ess p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent.
D ev elop s a com p le te
d e s cr ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s needed to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a re
req u ired d ig ita l com p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n alyzes s u b je c t-m a tte r op era tion s to be au tom ated and id en tifies con dition s
and c r it e r ia r e q u ire d to a ch ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and
types of r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docum ents to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r so n n e l and c om p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d etail fo r p resen ta tion
to m anagem ent and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n of
w ork and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a tes in tr ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and re co m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll' o p e ra tio n s .
(N O TE:
W ork ers p e r fo rm in g both sy ste m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th eir p a y.)




d ir e c tio n to lo w e r

C O M P U T E R PRO G RAM M ER, BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
sy ste m s analyst, into a sequ en ce o f d eta iled in stru ctio n s w h ich are r e ­
q u ire d to solve the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent.
W orkin g fr o m charts o r d ia g r a m s, the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c is e in stru ction s w h ich , when e n tered into the co m p u te r s y s te m in coded

40

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

la n gu a ge, ca u se the m a n ipu lation o f data to ach ieve d e s ire d re s u lts . W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Applies knowledge o f com p u ter c a p a ­
b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p loy ed by com p u ters, and p a rticu la r su b­
je c t m a tter in v o lv e d to an alyze charts and diagram s o f the p r o b le m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m steps; w rite s detailed flow
ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ; con v erts th ese
ch a rts to c od ed in stru ctio n s fo r m ach in e to follow ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s fo r operating p erson n el during p rod u ction
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g ra m s to in cr e a s e op eratin g e f f i­
c ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m aintains r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v elop m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE: W ork ers p erform in g both s y ste m s anal­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c la s s ifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M a k es p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER O PERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s da ta. E x e c u t e s ru ns b y
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s o n e p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s two o r m o r e p r o g r a m s sim u lta n e o u s ly ). The follow ing
d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a rily resp on sib le fo r the m a n ­
agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily co n c e rn e d with sc ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g
p r o b le m s .

- S t u d ie s
needed.
-

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

with

to

requ ired

determ ine
item s

e q u ip m e n t

(tapes,

cards,

setu p
disks,

- S t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r .

- R espon ds to op era tin g and com p u ter output in stru ctio n s.
-

R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r re fe rs p roblem s.

d u rin g o p e r a t i o n

- M a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d .

At this le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is difficu lt b ecau se com p u ter eq u ip ­
m ent m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in terrela ted but d iv e r s e p r o d ­
ucts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data elem en ts. A w ide v a rie ty and e x ­
ten siv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r .
T his r e q u ire s
su ch a ction s as d ev elop m en t o f com m on operation s w hich can be r e ­
u sed , esta b lish m en t o f lin kage poin ts betw een o p e ra tio n s , adjustm ents to
data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x ce e d com p u ter stora g e ca p a city , and
su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and reseq u en cin g of data elem en ts to fo r m a
h ighly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .

M ay te s t -r u n new or m o d ifie d p r o g r a m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p rog ra m s.
T h e s c o p e o f th is d e f i n i t i o n i n c l u d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and l e a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
operators.
It e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n i t o r a nd o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .
C l a s s A . In a d d it io n t o w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t on e
o f the f o l l o w i n g :

to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

-

C la ss B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts of c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in form a tion to p rod u ce data in two
o r th re e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a ts . R eports and listin g s are p ro d u ce d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in or additions to o r deletion s fr o m
input data w h ich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le. W hile n um erous r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been refin ed in p r io r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith routine r e co rd k e e p in g op era tion s.

D e v i a t e s f r o m s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o a v o i d the l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t i o n o r t o c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n th o u g h the p r o c e d u r e s
a p p l i e d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r th e c o m p u t e r u n i t 's p r o d u c t i o n p la n s .

- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s ,

a p p l i c a t i o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- A dv ises p r o g r a m m e r s
techn iques.

and

su b ject-m a tter

experts

on

setup

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n t a i n i n g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s and
t e c h n i q u e s t o c o v e r p r o b l e m s i t u a t i o n s ; a n d / o r (3) s w it c h in g to
e m e r g e n c y back u p p r o c e d u r e s (su ch a s s i s t a n c e re q u ire s a w orkin g
k n o w l e d g e o f p r o g r a m la n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).

OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under
c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t
h ig h er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e rfo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .




L oad s equip m en t
paper, etc.).

in stru ction s

- S w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to s y s t e m .

C la ss A . W ork s independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich req u ire com p eten ce in a ll ph ases o f p r o ­
g ra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia gra m s and charts
w h ich id en tify the nature o f d e s ire d r e s u lt s ,1 m a jor p r o c e s s in g steps to
be a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r ela tion sh ip s betw een variou s steps o f the p r o b ­
le m so lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll range o f p rogra m m in g action s needed
to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the c o m p u te r sy stem in ach ieving d e s ir e d end p ro d u cts .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
are a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

operating

An

41

o p e r a t o r at th is

level

t y p ic a lly gu ides

low er

level op erators.

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N

C la ss B . In addition to e sta b lis h e d p rod u ction run s, w ork a s s ig n ­
m ents in clude runs in volvin g new p r o g r a m s , a p p lica tion s, and p r o ce d u r e s
( i.e ., situ ations w h ich r e q u ire the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a rie ty o f p r o b le m s ).
At this le v e l, the o p e r a to r has the train in g and e x p e rie n c e to w ork fa irly
independently in c a r ry in g out m o s t a ssig n m en ts. A ssig n m en ts m ay req u ire
the o p e r a to r to s e le c t fr o m a v a r ie ty o f standard setup and operating
p roced u res.
In respon din g to com p u ter output in stru ction s o r e r r o r co n ­
dition s, ap p lies standard op era tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
deviate fr o m stan dard p r o c e d u r e s when standard p r o c e d u r e s fa il if deviation
does not m a te r ia lly a lte r the com p u ter u n it's p rod u ction p la n s. R e fe r s the
p r o b le m o r a b orts the p r o g r a m when p r o c e d u r e s applied do not p rov id e a
solution . M ay guide lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

M aintains lib r a r y o f m ed ia (ta p e s, d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e tt e s ) u sed
fo r au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g a p p lica tio n s .
The follow in g o r s im ila r duties
c h a r a c t e r iz e the w ork o f a com p u ter data lib r a r ia n : C la s s ify in g , ca ta lo g in g ,
and sto rin g m edia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a sta n d a rd iz ed s y s te m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s ts , re le a s in g m edia fo r p r o c e s s in g ; m aintaining r e c o r d s o f r e le a s e s
and r e tu rn s; in sp ectin g retu rn ed m e d ia fo r dam age o r e x c e s s iv e w ea r to
d eterm in e w hether o r not they n eed r e p la c in g .
M ay p e r fo r m m in o r r e p a ir s
to dam aged tapes.

C la ss C ; W ork a ssign m en ts are lim ite d to e sta b lis h e d prod u ction
runs ( i.e ., p r o g r a m s w h ich p r e se n t few op era tin g p r o b le m s ). A ssig n m en ts
m ay c o n s ist p r im a r ily o f o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g (so m e tim e s augm ented by
c la s s r o o m in s tru ctio n ). When lea rn in g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v is o r o r a
h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r p r o v id e s d eta iled w ritten o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e r a to r b e fo r e and during the run. A fte r the o p e r a to r has gained e x p e rie n ce
with a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r, the o p e r a t o r w ork s fa ir ly independently in
applying stan dard op era tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e . p r o c e d u r e s in responding to
com p u ter output in stru ctio n s o r e r r o r c o n d itio n s, but r e fe r s p r o b le m s to a
h igh er le v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v is o r when standard p r o c e d u r e s fa il.

O p era tes p e r ip h e r a l equipm ent w h i c h d ir e c tly su pports digital
com p u ter o p e r a tio n s . Such equipm ent is uniquely and s p e c ific a lly d esign ed
fo r com p u ter a p p lic a tio n s , but n eed not be p h y s ic a lly o r e le c tr o n ic a lly
con n ected to a c o m p u te r.
P r in t e r s , p lo t te r s , c a rd r e a d /p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r iv e s , disk units o r d r iv e s , and data d ispla y units
are ex a m p les o f su ch equipm ent.
The fo llo w in g duties c h a r a c t e r iz e the w ork o f a p e r ip h e ra l equipm ent
op era tor:
- L oad in g p r in te r s and p lo tte r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p er; adjusting
c o n tr o ls fo r f o r m s , th ic k n e s s , te n sio n , prin tin g d en sity, and
lo c a tio n ; and unloading hard cop y.
- L a b e llin g tape r e e ls , d is k s, o r c a r d d eck s.
- C h ecking la b e ls and m ounting and dism ounting
r e e ls o r disks on s p e c ifie d units o r d r iv e s .

d esign ated tape

- Setting c o n tro ls w h ich regu late o p era tion o f the equipm ent.
and e r r o r

in d ica tion s and

- E xam in ing ta p e s , c a r d s , o r oth e r m a te r ia l fo r c r e a s e s , t e a r s ,
o r oth er d e fe cts w h ich cou ld cau se p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n ito r and op era te a
co n tro l c o n s o le (se e c o m p u te r o p e r a to r ) o r a rem ote te r m in a l, o r (2) w hose
duties are lim ite d to op e ra tin g d e c o lla t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a to r s , o r s im ila r
equipm ent.




P e r fo r m s drafting w ork req u irin g k n ow ledge and sk ill in drafting
m eth od s, p r o c e d u r e s , and tech n iq u es.
P r e p a r e s d raw in gs o f str u c tu r e s ,
m e ch a n ica l and e le c t r ic a l equipm ent, piping and duct sy s te m s and oth er
s im ila r equipm ent, s y s te m s , and a s s e m b lie s .
U ses r e c o g n iz e d sy s te m s o f
s y m b o ls , leg en d s, sh adings, and lin e s having s p e c ific m ea n in g s in draw in gs.
D raw ings are u sed to com m u n ica te en g in eerin g id e a s , d e s ig n s , and in fo r m a ­
tion in su pport o f en gin eerin g fu n ction s.
The follow in g a re ex clu d ed when th ey con stitu te the p r im a r y p u rp ose
o f the jo b :
-

D esign w ork req u irin g the te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge,
to c o n c e iv e or orig in a te d e s ig n s ;

-

Illustrating w ork req u irin g a r tis tic a b ility ;

-

P E R IP H E R A L EQ U IPM EN T O P E R A T O R

- O b s e rv in g panel ligh ts fo r w arn in gs
taking a p p rop ria te action .

DRAFTER

W ork in volving t h e
p r e p a r a tio n
a rra n gem en ts, flo o r p la n s, e t c .;

-

C artograp h ic w ork in volvin g the p r e p a r a tio n o f m aps o r plats
and rela ted m a t e r ia ls , and d raw in gs o f g e o lo g ic a l s t r u c tu r e s ; and

-

S u p e rv iso ry w ork in volvin g the m a n a gem en t o f a d raftin g p r o g r a m
o r the s u p e rv isio n o f d r a fte r s .

P osition s
d efin ition s.

a r e c la s s ifie d

of

ch a rts,

s k ill, and a b ility

d ia g r a m s ,

room

in to le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C lass A. W orks c lo s e ly w ith d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r s , p re p a rin g draw in gs
of unusual^ com p lex or o r ig in a l d esig n s w h ich r e q u ir e a high d e g r e e o f
p r e c is io n .
P e r fo r m s unusually d iffic u lt a s sig n m e n ts r e q u irin g c o n s id e r a b le
in itia tiv e , r e s o u r c e fu ln e s s , and draftin g e x p e r t is e . A s s u r e s that an ticip a ted
p r o b le m s in m a nu factu re, a s s e m b ly , in sta lla tio n , and o p e r a tio n a r e r e s o lv e d
by the draw ings p rodu ced.
E x e r c is e s independent ju dgm en t in s e le ctin g and
in terp retin g data b a sed on a know ledge of the d e s ig n intent.
Although w ork in g
p r im a r ily as a d r a fte r , m ay o c c a s io n a lly p e r fo r m e n g in eerin g d e s ig n w ork
in in terp retin g g en era l d esign s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs o r in co m p le tin g m is s in g
d e sig n d eta ils. M ay p rov id e a d v ice and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s o r
s e r v e as c o o rd in a to r and planner fo r la r g e and c o m p le x draftin g p r o je c t s .
C lass B.
P r e p a r e s c o m p le te sets o f c o m p le x d raw in gs w hich
in clu d e m u ltiple v ie w s , detail d ra w in g s, and a s s e m b ly draw in gs.
D ra w in gs
in clu d e c o m p le x d esig n fea tu res that r e q u ir e c o n s id e r a b le drafting s k ill to
v is u a liz e and p ortra y . A ssig n m en ts r e g u la r ly r e q u ir e the u se o f m a th em a tica l
fo rm u la s to com pu te w eigh ts, loa d c a p a c it ie s , d im e n s io n s , qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls , etc.
W orking fr o m sk etch es and v e r b a l in fo rm a tio n su pplied by
an en g in eer or d e s ig n e r , d e te rm in e s the m o s t a p p ro p ria te v ie w s , d etail
d ra w in g s, and su pplem en tary in fo rm a tio n n eed ed to c o m p le te a s sig n m e n ts .
S e le cts req u ired in fo rm a tio n fr o m p r e c e d e n ts , m a n u fa c tu r e rs ' c a ta lo g s , and
te c h n ic a l guides. Independently r e s o lv e s m o s t o f the p r o b le m s en cou n tered .
S u p e r v is o r or d e s ig n e r m ay su g g est m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch o r p r o v id e a d v ice
on unu su ally d ifficu lt p r o b le m s .

D R A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

N O T E : E x clu d e d r a fte r s p e rfo rm in g w ork o f s im ila r d ifficu lty to
that d e s c r ib e d at th is le v e l but w ho p ro v id e su pport fo r a v a r ie ty o f o r g a n i­
za tion s w hich have w id e ly d iffe r in g fu nction s o r re q u ire m e n ts.

freq u en t en gin eerin g ch a n g es.
W ork in v o lv e s : A d eta iled understanding of
the in te r re la tio n s h ip s of c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent judgm ent in p e r ­
fo r m in g such ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g wave fo r m s ,
tra cin g rela tion sh ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x text in ­
stru m en ts (e .g ., dual t r a c e o s c ill o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s ,
p u lse g e n e r a to rs ).

C la ss C . P r e p a r e s v a r io u s draw in gs o f parts and a s s e m b lie s ,
in clu d in g s e c tio n a l p r o f ile s , ir r e g u la r o r r e v e r s e c u r v e s , hidden lin e s , and
s m a ll o r in tr ic a te d e ta ils .
W ork r e q u ire s u se o f m ost o f the con v en tion a l
d raftin g tech n iq u es and a w ork in g know ledge of the te r m s and p r o c e d u r e s o f
the in d u stry .
F a m ilia r o r r e c u r r in g w ork is a ssign ed in g e n e r a l t e r m s ;
u n fa m ilia r a s sig n m e n ts in clu d e in fo rm a tio n on m e th o d s, p r o c e d u r e s , s o u r c e s
o f in fo rm a tio n , and p r e c e d e n ts to be follo w e d .
Sim ple r e v is io n s to ex istin g
d ra w in gs m a y be a s s ig n e d w ith a v e r b a l explanation of the d e s ir e d r e s u lts ;
m o r e c o m p le x r e v is io n s a r e p ro d u ce d fr o m sketch es w hich c le a r ly
d ep ict
the d e s ir e d p ro d u ct.
C la ss D.
P r e p a r e s d raw in gs o f s im p le , e a s ily v is u a liz e d p a rts o r
equ ipm ent fr o m sk e tch e s o r m a rk e d -u p p rin ts. S elects a p p rop ria te tem p la tes
and oth er equ ipm en t n eed ed to c o m p le te a ssig n m en ts. D ra w in gs fit fa m ilia r
pa ttern s and p r e s e n t few te c h n ic a l p r o b le m s . S u p erv isor p r o v id e s d eta iled
in stru ctio n s on new a s s ig n m e n ts , g iv es guid an ce when qu estion s a r is e , and
r e v ie w s c o m p le te d w o rk fo r a c c u r a c y .
C la ss E .
W orkin g u n der c lo s e su p e rv isio n , t r a c e s o r c o p ie s
fin ish e d d r a w in g s , m aking c le a r ly in d ica ted r e v is io n s .
U ses a p p ro p ria te
te m p la te s to d ra w c u r v e d lin e s . A ssig n m en ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d ev elop
in c r e a s in g s k ill in v a r io u s d ra ftin g tech n iq u es. W ork is s p o t-c h e c k e d during
p r o g r e s s and r e v ie w e d upon co m p le tio n .
NOTE:
E x clu d e d r a f t e r s
p e r fo rm in g e le m e n ta ry
r e c e iv in g tra in in g in the m o s t b a s ic drafting m ethods.

tasks

w hile

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c tr o n ic equipm ent and rela ted d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the follow in g : In stallin g, m ain taining,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m od ify in g , co n s tru ctin g , and testin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l know ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ction s, and sk ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ir e d op era tin g con d ition .
The equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f eith e r m any d ifferen t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in clu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to, the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tran sm ittin g and r e ce iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , so n a r, navigational a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u stria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm ent.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm ent as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in es and h ousehold ra d io and te le v is io n
s e t s ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o rk e r s w hose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; tech n icia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a fte r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
en gin ee r s .
P o s itio n s
d efin itio n s :

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lies advanced te c h n ic a l know ledge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r docu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu de lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic rad ia tion , isolatin g m a lfu n c tio n s, and




W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en gin eer or
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p rovid e
te c h n ic a l guidan ce to lo w e r le v e l te ch n icia n s .
C la ss B. A p p lies c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( l . e . , th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p ro p e rly
in terp retin g m a n u fa c tu r e rs ' m anu als or s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orking on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r re la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in d e term in in g w ork seq u en ce and in selectin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m en ts, u su a lly le s s c o m p le x that th ose u sed by the
c la s s A te ch n icia n .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l te ch n icia n , and w ork is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce with a ccep ted
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s sig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.
C la ss C. A p p lie s w ork in g te c h n ic a l know ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le or
rou tin e tasks in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, follow in g d etailed in ­
stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v olv es such
ta sk s a s : A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l te ch n icia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g co m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t rea d in g s; rep airin g
s im p le e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent; and using to o ls and c o m m o n test in stru m en ts
( e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is
not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . This
k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r, m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s sig n m en ts d esign ed to in ­
c r e a s e co m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o rk e r can advance
to h igh er le v e l tech n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te ch n ica l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r high er
le v e l tech n icia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly s p o t-c h e c k e d , but is given d etailed rev iew
w hen new o r ad vanced a ssig n m en ts a re in volved .
R E G ISTE R E D INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A r e g is te r e d n u rse g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nder g e n e ra l m e d ica l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju red e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill or
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er establishm ent.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t aid to the ill or
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju rie s ; keeping
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r com p en sa tion or
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in a tion s and health evaluations of
ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s involving

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE — C o n tin u e d

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST — C o n tin u e d

health e d u ca tion , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
oth er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N ursing s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r se s in e sta b lish m en ts em p loy in g m o r e than
one n u rse a re e x clu d ed .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping of m etal p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard
shop com pu tation s relatin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s
o f m ach in in g; know ledge of the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ;
se le ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ipm ent r e q u ire d fo r th is w ork ;
and fittin g and a ssem b lin g parts into m e c h a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a ch in is t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a ch in e -s h o p
p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
trainin g and e x p e rie n ce .

M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M AINTENANCE M ECHANIC (M ACH IN E RY )

P e r fo r m s the ca rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in good r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s , cou n ters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w ood
in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and
laying out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard
m ea su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking stan dard shop com pu ta tion s rela tin g to d i­
m en sion s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g en ­
e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R ep a irs m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equ ipm en t o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in volves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E xam in ing m a ch in es and m e c h a n ica l
equipm ent to dia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in es and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an dtools in
scra p in g and fitting p a rts; rep la cin g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s
obtain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e rin g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p rep a rin g w ritten sp e cifica tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f
pa rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking a ll
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r o p era tion .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten an ce m ech an ic re q u ire s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E xcluded fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
duties in volve setting up o r adju sting m a ch in e s.

M AIN TEN AN CE E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch as the in ­
sta lla tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is t r i­
bution, o r u tiliza tion o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u nits, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r oth e r
s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and dia gn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r
equipm ent; w ork in g stan dard com pu ta tion s rela tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f
w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools
and m e a su rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ­
tenance e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d
through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AINTENANCE M ECHANIC (M O TO R V E H IC L E )
R ep a irs a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W ork in volves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E xam in ing au tom otiv e
equipm ent to dia gn ose so u r ce o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r ­
fo rm in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u ges,
d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r ts ; re p la cin g
b rok en o r d efe ctiv e parts fr o m s to c k ; g rin din g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s se m b lin g and in stallin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and aligning w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts, or
tightening body b o lts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m o to r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce
m ech a in c r e q u ire s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a tio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile r e p a ir sh op s.

M AINTENANCE P A IN T E R
P ain ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and types o f paint re q u ire d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lica tio n s ; p r e p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by rem o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r fill e r in n a il h oles
and in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o ils , white le a d , and o th e r paint in g red ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s iste n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




w ho

r e p a ir

M AINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R
In stalls or r e p a ir s w a ter, ste a m , g a s, o r oth er ty pes o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an estab lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Laying
out w ork and m ea su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d raw in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h is e l and h am m er o r o x y a cety len e t o r c h or p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pipe w ith stock s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a ssem b lin g pipe with co u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e rs;
m aking standard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip or equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en gaged in installing and re p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r heating sy ste m s
a r e ex clu ded.

M AINTENANCE M ACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m etal pa rts o f m e c h a n ica l equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c if i c a ­
tio n s ; planning and layin g out o f w ork ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's handto o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; setting up and op era tin g standard

m e c h a n ics

44

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )— C o n tin u e d

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m ach in e g u a rd s, g re a se p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l roofin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out all typ es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth e r s p e c ific a ­
tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g all available types o f s h e e t-m e ta l w orkin g
m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f han dtools in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g sh e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as r e q u ire d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce sh e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n in g and
exp erien ce.

m il l w r ig h t

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r heavy equipm ent, and d ism a n tles and
in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layout are
r e q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out w ork ;
in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
and r ig g in g ; m aking stan dard sh op com putations relating to s t r e s s e s , stren gth
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g ra v ity ; aligning and ba la n cin g equipm ent;
s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ip m en t, and parts to be used; and in sta llin g and
m a in tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d r iv e s and
sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the trad e acqu ired th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M AIN TE N AN C E TRA D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk illed m aintenance tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a
w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clean in g w orkin g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holding m a teria ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n . The kind o f
.work the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e: In
som e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g, and h olding m a te r ia ls
and t o o l s , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in oth ers he is p erm itte d to
p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r parts o f a tra d e that are a lso
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m ach in e
t o o l ( e .g ., jig b o r e r , g rin din g m a ch in e, engine lathe, m illin g m ach in e) to
m a ch in e m eta l fo r use in m aking o r m aintaining ji g s , fix tu re s , cutting t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : Planning and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m achining op e ra tio n s w hich
r e q u ire c o m p lic a te d setup s o r a high d e g ree o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a ch in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es, s to p s , w orkin g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a ch in ed;
d eterm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and op eration seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu ep rin ts, o r la you ts); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents during
m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a ch ie v e re q u isite d im en sion s to v e ry c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c l u d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la ster, ru bber, glass).
W ork ty pically in volves:
P la n n in g and l a y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p l e t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; u sin g
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fitting and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n in g and
exp erien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s o n e o r m o r e s y s t e m s w h i c h p r o v i d e an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t w ith s u c h s e r v i c e s a s h e a t , a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g ( c o o l , h u m id if y ,
d e h u m i d i f y , f i l t e r , and c i r c u l a t e a i r ) , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a ­
ture w a te r, or e le c t r ic it y .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
O b s e r v i n g and i n t e r p r e t i n g
r e a d i n g s o n g a u g e s , m e t e r s , and c h a r t s w h i c h r e g i s t e r v a r i o u s a s p e c t s o f
th e s y s t e m ' s o p e r a t i o n ; a d j u s t i n g c o n t r o l s to i n s u r e s a f e and e f f i c i e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n o f th e s y s t e m and t o m e e t d e m a n d s f o r the s e r v i c e p r o v i d e d ; r e c o r d i n g
in l o g s v a r i o u s a s p e c t s o f the s y s t e m ' s o p e r a t i o n ; k e e p in g the e n g i n e s ,
m a c h i n e r y , and e q u i p m e n t o f the s y s t e m in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
May direct
and c o o r d i n a t e a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s (not s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e e r s ) in p e r ­
f o r m i n g t a s k s d i r e c t l y r e l a t e d to o p e r a t i n g and m a in t a in in g the s y s t e m o r
system s.
T h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s h e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e e n g i n e e r ; w o r k e r s r e q u i r e d t o be s k i l l e d in the
r e p a i r o f e l e c t r o n i c c o n t r o l e q u i p m e n t ; and w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
d u c in g e l e c t r i c i t y , s t e a m , o r h e a t e d o r c o o l e d a i r p r i m a r i l y f o r s a le .
BO ILER TEN DE R
T en ds one o r m o r e b o i l e r s to p r o d u c e s te a m o r h ig h -te m p e ra tu re
w a t e r f o r u s e in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F ires boiler.
O b s e r v e s and i n t e r p r e t s
r e a d i n g s on g a u g e s , m e t e r s , and c h a r t s w h i c h r e g i s t e r v a r i o u s a s p e c t s o f
b o ile r operation.
A d j u s t s c o n t r o l s t o i n s u r e s a f e and e f f i c i e n t b o i l e r o p e r a ­
t i o n and t o m e e t d e m a n d s f o r s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a t u r e w a t e r .
M ay also

B O IL E R T E N D E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R AN D R E C E IV E R — C o n tin u e d

do one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : M aintain a lo g in w hich v a r io u s a s p e c ts
o f b o ile r op era tion a r e r e c o r d e d ; cle a n , o il, m ake m in o r r e p a ir s o r a s s is t
in r e p a ir s to b o ile r r o o m equipm ent; and, follow in g p r e s c r ib e d m eth od s,
tre a t b o ile r w a ter w ith c h e m ic a ls and an alyze b o ile r w a ter fo r such things
as a c id ity , c a u s tic it y , and alkalin ity.

r e c e ip t s , or oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r dam aged g o o d s ; in su rin g that
good s a re a p p rop ria tely id en tified fo r routing to dep a rtm en ts w ith in the
estab lish m en t; p rep arin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f g ood s r e c e iv e d .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

The c la s s ific a t io n ex clu d es w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts prod u ctin g
e le c t r ic it y , ste a m , o r heated o r c o o le d a ir p r im a r ily fo r sa le.

Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r

Material Movement and Custodial

WAREHOUSEMAN
TRU CK D R IVER
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo rm s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g du ties w hich r e q u ire
an understanding o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e plan.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V erify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) ag ain st r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and rep ortin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d stora g e lo c a t io n s ; s to r in g , sta ck in g , o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and
taking in ven tory o f sto re d m a te r ia ls ; ex am in in g s to r e d m a te r ia ls and r e ­
portin g d e te rio ra tio n and d a m age; rem o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipm ent.
M ay o p e ra te hand or p ow er tru ck s in p e r fo rm in g
w arehou sing duties.

D riv e s a tr u ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a r e a to tr a n sp o rt
m a te r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm ent, or w o r k e r s b etw een v a rio u s typ es of
esta b lish m en ts su ch a s : M anufacturing pla n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u se s ,
w h olesa le and r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts, or betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la ce s o f b u sin e s s.
M ay a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck
w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e ch a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in
g ood w ork in g o r d e r . S a le s ro u te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type and
rated c a p a city o f tr u ck , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , under IV 2 to n s, u su a lly 4 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(stra ig h t tru ck , IV2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u su ally 6 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , o v e r 4 to n s, u su a lly 10 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c to r -t r a ile r

E xclude w o rk e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v olv e shipping and r e ­
c e iv in g w ork (s e e Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O rd er F ille r ), o r operating p o w e r tr u ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r).
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed g ood s fr o m s to re d
m e rch a n d ise in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s.
M ay , in ad d ition to fillin g o r d e r s and in ­
dicatin g item s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
ad ditional stock or re p o rt sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
re la te d duties.

SH IPPER AND R E C E IV E R
P e r fo r m s c le r i c a l and p h y s ica l ta sk s in co n n e ctio n with shipping
goods o f the esta b lish m en t in w hich em p loy ed and r e c e iv in g in com in g
sh ipm ents.
In p e r fo rm in g d a y -to -d a y , rou tin e ta sk s , fo llo w s esta b lish ed
g u id elin es.
In handling unusual nonroutine p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
an ce fr o m s u p e r v is o r or oth er o ffic ia ls .
M ay d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o rk e r s en gaged in handling good s to be shipped o r being
r e c e iv e d .

SHIPPING PACKER

S h ipp ers ty p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e rify in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly fille d by co m p a rin g ite m s and quantities
o f goods g a th ered fo r shipm ent against d ocu m en ts; in su rin g that sh ipm ents
a r e p r o p e r ly p a ck a g ed , id en tified w ith shipping in fo rm a tio n , and loa d ed into
tra n sp ortin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f g o o d s sh ipp ed, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f lading.

P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rod u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e b y p la cin g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the type, s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r
em p lo y e d , and m ethod o f shipm ent.
W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f item s in
shipping con ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s item s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te
type and s iz e o f con ta in er; in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a teria l to preven t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g
co n ta in e r; and applying la b els o r en terin g iden tifyin g data on co n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e ex clu d ed .

R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V erify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of in com in g sh ipm ents by co m p a rin g item s and
quantities unloaded against b ills of lad in g, in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to ra g e




46

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GU A R D — C on tin u e d

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m anu factu ring plant, s t o r e , o r
o th e r esta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in volve one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oad in g and u nloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m erch a n d ise on o r fr o m freig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh e lv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r stora g e lo ca tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , are e x clu d e d .

G uards em p lo y e d by e sta b lish m e n ts w hich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a co n tra ct b a s is a re in clu d ed in th is occu p a tion .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , guards a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . E n fo r c e s regu la tion s d esig n ed to p reven t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r it y .
E x e r c is e s ju dgm en t and u ses d is c r e tio n in dealing with e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la tio n s e n cou n tered .
D eterm in es w hether fir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in terv en e d ir e c tly (askin g fo r a s s is ta n c e when deem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k eep situ ation under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situ ation so that it can be handled by a p p rop ria te authority.
Duties
r e q u ire s p e c ia liz e d tra in in g in m eth od s and tech n iq u es o f p rotectin g se c u rity
a r e a s . C om m o n ly , the gu a rd is re q u ire d to d em on stra te continuing p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s and p r o fic ie n c y w ith fir e a r m s o r oth e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r o th e r esta b lis h m e n t.

C la ss B . C a r r ie s out in stru ctio n s p r im a r ily o rie n te d tow a rd in ­
su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la tio n s are re a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o rte d to a p p rop ria te au th ority . In terven es d ir e c tly on ly in situ ations w hich
r e q u ire m in im a l a ction to sa fe g u a rd p r o p e r ty o r p e r s o n s .
Duties req u ire
m in im a l tra in in g .
C om m o n ly , the guard is not re q u ire d to d em on strate
p h y s ic a l fitn e s s . M ay be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ire d to d em on strate
p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f fir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w eapon s.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o rk e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo r k lift)

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w orkin g a rea s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e sta b lish m en t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping,
m op pin g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; rem ov in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and oth er
r e fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu rn itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m eta l fix tu re s o r
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cleaning,
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashin g are e x c lu d e d .

G U ARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y fr o m theft o r d a m ag e, o r p e r s o n s fr o m h aza rd s
o r in t e r fe r e n c e . D uties in v o lv e se rv in g at a fix ed p ost, m aking rounds on
fo o t o r by m o t o r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r tin g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e rty . M ay be depu tized
to m ake a r r e s t s .
M ay a ls o h elp v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by an sw erin g
q u e stio n s and g iv in g d ir e c t io n s .




47

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v ey ed p e r io d ic a lly fo r u se in a d m in ­
is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t
o f 1965. S u rv ey re su lts a r e p u b ­
lish ed in r e le a s e s w hich a r e a v a ila ­
b le, at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la st
fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la sk a (statew id e)
A lban y, Ga.
A lbu qu erq u e, N. M ex.
A lexa n d ria—L e e s v ille , La.
A lpena—
Standish—
Taw as C ity, M ich.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C.
A ugusta, Ga.— .C .
S
A u stin , T ex.
B a k e rs fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ouge, La.
B attle C re e k , M ich .
B e a u m o n t-P o rt A rth u r— range
O
and Lake C h a r le s , T e x .—La.
B ilo x i— u lfp ort and P a s ca g o u la —
G
M oss P oin t, M iss .
Bingham ton, N. Y.
B irm in g h am , A la .
B loom in gton — in cen n es, Ind.
V
B re m e rto n —
Shelton, W ash.
B ru n sw ick, Ga.
C ed a r R apids, Iowa
Cham paign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
C h a rleston — orth C h a rle s to n —
N
W a lte rb o ro , S.C .
C h a r lo tte -G a sto n ia , N.C.
C la r k s v ille — o p k in sv ille, T enn.—
H
Ky.
C olu m bia— u m ter, S.C .
S
C olu m bu s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C on n ecticu t (statew id e)
D eca tu r, E L I .
D es M oin es, Iow a
Dothan, A la.
D u lu th -S u p erior, M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —
A
Las C r u c e s ,
T e x .— M ex.
N.
E ugene— p rin g field — ed ford , O reg .
S
M




F a y e tte v ille , N .C.
F o r t L au d erd ale— olly w ood
H
and W est P a lm B e a c h B o ca Raton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—
Okla.
F o r t Wayne, Ind.
G adsden and A n n iston, A la.
G o ld s b o r o , N.C.
G rand Island— astin gs, N ebr.
H
Guam, T e r r it o r y o f
H a rrisb u rg —Lebanon, Pa.
K n ox v ille, Tenn.
La C r o s s e —
Sparta, W is.
L a re d o . T ex .
Las V eg as— onopah, Nev.
T
L exington — a y ette, Ky.
F
L im a , Ohio
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R ock , A rk .
N
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a ste rn S h ore, Md.—V a.— el.
D
M acon , Ga.
M a dison , W is.
M aine (sta tew id e)
M a n sfield , Ohio
M cA lle n — h a ri^ E d in b u rg
P
and B r o w n s v ille — arlin gen —
H
San B en ito, T ex.
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and
O cean C ou n ties, N.JVM o b ile — e n s a co la —P an am a C ity,
P
A la .— la .
F
M ontana (sta tew id e)
N a sh v ille— av id son , Tenn.
D
New B ern — a ck s o n v ille , N .C.
J
New H a m p sh ire (statew id e)
N orth D akota (sta tew id e)
N orth ern New Y ork
N orth w est T e x a s
O rla n do, F la.
O xnard— im i V alley —V entura, C a lif.
S
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix, A r iz .
P in e B luff, A rk .
P u eb lo, C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R a leig h — urham , N.C.
D
R en o, Nev.

R iv e r s id e —
San B ern ardin o—
O ntario, C alif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas— ea side— onterey, C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb ara—
Santa M aria—
L om p o c, C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, A la .
Sherm an— enison, Tex.
D
S h rev ep ort, La.
South Dakota (statew ide)
Sou th eastern M a ssach u setts
Southern Idaho
Southw est V irg in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g field , 111.
Stockton, C alif.
T a com a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e tersb u rg , Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
T u cson — ouglas, A r iz .
D
T u lsa , Okla.
U pper Pen in su la, M ich.
V a lle jo — a irfie ld —
F
Napa, C a lif.
V erm on t (statew ide)
V irg in Islands o f the U.S.
W aco and K illeen — em p le, T ex.
T
W a terloo— edar F a lls, Iowa
C
W est V irg in ia (statew ide)
W estern and N orthern
M assach u setts
W ichita F a lls—Lawton— ltu s,
A
T e x .—
Okla.
Yakim a—Richland— ennew ick—
K
P en dleton , W ash.— reg.
O

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
accou n ta n ts, a u d itors, c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a ttorn ey s, jo b a n a lysts, d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e r so n n e l, b u y e rs , ch e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s, en gin eerin g tech n icia n s,
d r a fte r s ,
a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as BLS B u lle ­
tin 2004, N ational S u rvey o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r ic a l P ay, M a r c h 1 9 7 8 , $ 2 .4 0
a cop y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e ­
gion a l s a le s o ffic e s show n on the
b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e rin ­
tendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e r n ­
m ent P rin tin g O ffice , W ashington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s a v a ila b le is p resen ted b elow . B u lletin s
m ay be p u rc h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u perin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C . 20402. M ake ch eck s payable to Superin ten dent o f
D ocu m e n ts .
A d ir e c t o r y o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rou gh 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea
A k ron , O hio, D e c. 1978 _______________________________________
A lbany— ch en ecta dy^ -T roy, N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 1_______________
S
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana—G a rd en G ro v e ,
C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
A tlan ta, G a ., M ay 1979________________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d., A ug. 1978 1 __________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., July 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
C anton, O hio, M ay 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
C h attanooga, T en n.—G a., Sept. 1978 1________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1979________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio—
Ky.—In d ., July 1979 1______________________
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1978 1 __________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., July 1979 1____________________________
D a ll a s - F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1978 1________________________
D av en p ort—R o c k Island— o lin e , Iowa—
M
111., F eb. 1979______
D ayton, O hio, D e c . 1978 ______________________________________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1978 _____________________________
D en v er— o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 8 ___________________________
B
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1979 1___________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1979____________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________
G a ry — am m ond— a st C h ic a g o , *Ind., O ct. 1979 1____________
H
E
G re e n Bay, W is ., July 1979___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n -S a le m —
W
High P oin t,
N .C ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p artan bu rg, S .C ., June 1979 1 ___________ - ____
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r. 1979___________________________________
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F e b . 1979____________________________________
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1978 1 ________________________________
J a ck son , M is s ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1978 ________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o .— a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 _________________________
K
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1978 1 _______________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N ov. 1 9 7 8 ______________________________
M e m p h is, T enn.— r k .— is s ., N ov. 1978 ____________________
A
M




B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *
2 0 2 5 -6 3 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -5 8 , $ 1 .2 0
2 0 2 5 -6 5 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -5 0 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -3 8 , $ 1.00
2 0 2 5 -1 5 , 80 cen ts
2 0 2 5 -4 3 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -7 1 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -2 2 , 70 cen ts
2 0 2 5 -5 1 , $ 1 .2 0
2 0 5 0 -2 1 , $ 1 .7 5
2 0 5 0 -2 8 , $ 2 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -4 9 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
20 5 0 -3 3 , $ 1 .7 5
2 0 2 5 -5 2 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -1 0 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -6 6 , $ 1 .0 0
20 2 5 -4 8 , $ 1 .0 0
20 2 5 -6 8 , $ 1 .2 0
2 0 5 0 -7 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -4 5 , $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2 0 5 0 -3 1 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -4 6 ,
2 0 50 -29,
2 0 5 0 -1 2 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 5 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 7 ,
2 0 5 0 -9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 2 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0

A rea

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M iam i, F la ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1
_______________________________________ 20 25 -60,
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1979___________________________________ 2 0 50 -8,
M in n ea p olis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________ 2050 -1,
N assau— ffolk, N. Y ., June 1979______________________________ 20 50 -36,
Su
N ew ark, N .J ., Jan. 1979______________________________________
20 50 -5,
20 50 -2,
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1_______________________________
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M ay 1979______________________________ 20 50-30,
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each — ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
N .C ., M ay 1979 1 _____________________________________________ 20 50 -22,
P
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each — o rtsm o u th and
N ew p ort New s— am pton, Va.— .C ., M ay 19 7 8 ------------------20 25-21,
H
N
N orth east P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1979 1 -------------------------------------- 2050-32,
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1979_____________________________ 20 50 -37,
Omaha, N e b r .—Iowa, O ct. 19 7 8 _______________________________
20 25 -56,
P a te rs o n — lift o n -P a s s a ic , N .J., June 1979_________________ 20 50 -26,
C
P h ila d elp h ia , P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________ 20 25 -54,
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________ 20 50 -11,
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________ 20 25 -70,
P ortla n d , O re g .—W ash., M ay 1979____________________________ 20 50 -27,
P ou g h k eep sie, N .Y ., June 1979______________________________
20 50 -34,
P ou g h k eep sie— ingston— ew burgh, N. Y ., June 1979_______ 20 50 -35,
K
N
P r o v id e n c e —W arw ick— aw tucket, R .I.—
P
M a s s ., June 1979 1___________________________________________
20 50-38,
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1979____________________________________
20 50 -24,
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., M ar. 1979 1 ______________________________ 20 50 -13,
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 ______________________________ _ 20 25 -75,
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 ____________________________________ 20 25 -64,
Salt Lake C ity -O g d en , Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________ 20 25 -72,
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1979__________________________________ 20 50 -17,
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 7 8 __________________________________ 2 0 25 -73,
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________
20 50 -14,
San J ose, C a lif., M ar. 1979___________________________________ 20 50 -19,
Seattle— v e re tt, W ash., D ec. 19 7 8 ___________________________ 20 25 -74,
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 19 7 8 ___________________________________ 20 25 -44,
T o le d o , O hio— ich ., M ay 1979________________________________ 20 50 -16,
M
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 ____________________________________ 20 25 -55,
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1 9 7 8 _________________________________ 20 25 -34,
W ashington, D .C .- M d .- V a ., M ar. 1979______________________ 2 0 50 -4,
W ich ita, K a n s ., A p r. 1979____________________________________
20 50 -18,
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., A p r. 19 7 9 ________________________________
20 50 -23,
Y ork , P a ., F eb. 19 79__________________________________________ 2 0 5 0 -6 ,

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.30
$1.30
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1.30
$1 .3 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .7 5
80 cents
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .50
$ 1.00
$1 .50
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .5 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .50
$1 .00
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$1 .1 0
$1 .00
$1 .0 0
$1 .10
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region |

JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont
1603

Region V

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin



Region II

Region 11
1

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (AreaCode214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Region IV

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

VII

IX

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

VIII

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102