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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P it t s b u r g h , P e n n s y lv a n ia , M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a ,
J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2

DOCUMENT

c o llec tio n

Bulletin 1 7 2 5 - 4 6
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI
Region V
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 353- 1880(Area Code 312)




Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

1317 Filbert St.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u l le t i n 1 7 2 5 - 4 6
M ay 1972

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e P itts b u rg h , P e n n s y lv a n ia , M e tro p o lita n A re a , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2
CO NTEN TS
Page

1,
4,

Introduction
W age trends fo r selected occupational groups

T a b le s :
3.
5.

6.
10.
13.
15.
16.
18.
19.
20.
21.

23.
27.

1.
2.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f su rvey and num ber studied
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r sele c te d occupational
groups, and p ercen ts of in c re a s e fo r selected period s

A.

Occupational earnings:
A - l.
O ffic e occupations— en and women
m
A - l a . O ffic e occupations—la r g e establishm ents— en and women
m
A -2 .
P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations— en and wom en
m
A -2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations— r g e establishm ents— en and wom en
la
m
A -3 .
O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations— en and wom en com bined
m
A -3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—la r g e establishm ents—
men and w om en com bined
A -4 .
Maintenance and pow erplant occupations
A -4 a . Maintenance and pow erplant occupations— rg e establishm ents
la
A -5 .
Custodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations
A -5 a . Custodial and m a te ria l m ovem en t occupations— r g e establishm ents
la

Appendix.




Occupational d escrip tion s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 04 02 —Price 4 0 cents

Preface
The Bureau of L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m of annual occupa­
tion al w age su rveys in m etrop olita n a rea s is design ed to p ro vid e data
on occupational earn in gs, and establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem en­
ta ry w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s detailed data by selected industry
d iv is io n fo r each of the a re a s studied, fo r geograp h ic regio n s, and fo r
the United States. A m a jo r con sid eration in the p ro g ra m is the need
fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages by occupational
ca te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and le v e l of w ages among
a rea s and industry d ivisio n s.
A t the end of each su rvey, an individu al a rea bulletin p r e ­
sents the resu lts. A ft e r com pletion o f a ll individual a re a bulletins
fo r a round of su rveys, two sum m ary bulletins a re issued. The fir s t
brin gs data fo r each of the m etrop olita n a rea s studied into one bulletin.
The second p resen ts in form ation which has been p ro je c te d fro m in ­
dividual m etrop olita n a re a data to re la te to geograp h ic region s and the
United States.
N in ety a rea s cu rren tly a re included in the p ro g ra m . In each
a rea , in form ation on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d annually and on
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s bien n ially.
T h is bu lletin presen ts resu lts of the su rvey in Pittsbu rgh ,
P a ., in January 1972. The Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as
defined by the O ffic e of M anagem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the Bureau
of the Budget) through January 1968, con sists of A llegh en y, B e a v e r,
W ashington, and W estm orela n d Counties.
T h is study was conducted
by the B u reau 's reg io n a l o ffic e in P h ilad elp h ia, P a ., under the gen era l
d irectio n o f Irw in L . Feigenbaum , A s s is ta n t R egion al D ire c to r fo r
O perations.




N o te :
S im ila r re p o rts a re ava ila b le fo r other a re a s .
back c o v e r .)

(See inside

A cu rren t re p o rt on occupational earnings and supplem en­
ta ry w age p ro v is io n s in the Pittsb u rgh a rea is a ls o a vailab le
fo r m ach in ery (N o vem b er 1970). Union w age ra te s , in d ica tive of
p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a va ila b le fo r building construction;
printing; lo c a l-tra n s it operatin g em p loyees; lo c a l tru c k d riv e rs
and h e lp e rs ; and g r o c e r y s to re em p lo yees.

In tro d u c tio n
This a rea is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of L a b o r 's
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areaw id e b a s is . 1

the A - s e r i e s tables, because either ( l ) em ployment in the occupation is
too s m all to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it presentation, o r (2) there is
p o s s ib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishment data. Earnings
data not shown sep arately fo r industry divisions are included in the
o v e r a ll cla s s ific a tio n when a subcla ssification of s e c r e ta r ie s or truckd r iv e r s is not shown or inform atio n to subclassify is not available.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained l a r g e l y by m a il fr o m the establishments
vis ite d by Bureau fie ld economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l visits w e r e made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regular w e e k ly schedule.
Earnings data exclude prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f- liv in g allowances and incentive earnings are in­
cluded.
W here w e e k ly hours are reported, as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l
occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the standard workw eek (rounded to the
n earest half hour) fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straighttim e s a la ries (exclu sive of pay for o v e r tim e at regular and/or p r e ­
mium rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained fr o m rep resen tative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divis io ns: Manufacturing; tr a n s ­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; w holesale trade;
r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are governm ent o p e r a ­
tions and the construction and e x tra ctive industries. Establishments
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d number of w o r k e r s are om itted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations a re provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which m e e t publication c r ite r ia .

T h e s e surveys m easu re the l e v e l of occupational earnings in
an area at a p articu lar time. Com paris ons of individual occupational
a vera ges o v e r tim e m ay not r e f l e c t expected wage changes.
The
a v e ra g e s fo r individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. F o r example, proportions of w o r k e r s em ployed
by high- or lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y change o r high-wage w o rk e rs may
advance to better jobs and be repla ced by new w o rk e rs at lo w e r rates.
Such shifts in employment could d e c re a s e an occupational average even
though m ost establishments in an a rea in crea se wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are better
indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involv ed in surveying a ll establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a g r e a te r proportion of
la rg e than of s m all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
how ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishments studied a re presented, th e re fo re ,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are common to a v a r ie t y
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and a re of the
followin g types: ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p rofe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
ment. Occupational c la ssifica tio n is based on a uniform set of job
descrip tions designed to take account of interestablishm ent variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations sele cted fo r study
a re listed and describ ed in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated,
the earnings data follo w ing the job titles a re fo r all industries c o m ­
bined. Earnings data fo r some of the occupations listed and d escribed,
o r fo r some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (N ew York portion only) Rochester (office occupa­
tions only); Syracuse; and U tica-R om e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in
65 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U .S . Department of Labor.




1

The a v e ra g e s presented r e fle c t composite, areawide e s t i ­
mates.
Industries and establishments d iffe r in pay l e v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim ates fo r each job.
The pay relationship obtainable fr o m the a vera ges m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a ccu rately the wage spread or d iffe re n tia l maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. S im ila r ly , d ifferen ces in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls
fo r men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to r e fle c t d ifferen ces in pay treatment o f the sexes within
individual establishments.
Other possib le fa ctors which may con­
tribute to d ifferen ces in pay f o r men and women include: D ifferen ces
in p r o g r e s s io n within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and d ifferen ces in s p ecific duties
p e r fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d appropriately within
the same su rvey job description. Job descriptions used in cla ssifyin g

2
em p loyees in these su rveys a re usually m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those
used in individual establishments and allo w fo r m in o r differen ces
among establishm ents in the sp ecific duties p e rfo rm e d .
Occupational em ploym ent estim ates r ep resen t the total in all
establishments within the scope o f the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates o f occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied s e r v e only to indicate the relative
im portance o f the jobs studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
structure do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u ra c y of the earnings data.




E stablishm ent P r a c t i c e s and Supplementary W age P r o v is io n s

Tabulations on selected establishment p ra c tic e s and supple­
m entary wage p ro visio n s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Inform ation f o r these tabulations is c o llected biennially.
T h ese tabulations on min im um entrance s a la r ie s f o r in experie nced
wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled w e e k ly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans a re p resented (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previous bulletins
fo r this area.




T ab le 1. Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Pittsburgh, P a .,1
by major industry d ivision / January 1972
Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Num ber of establishm ents

W ork ers in establishm ents
W ithin scope o f study4

Within scope
o f stu dy1
3
2

Studied

Studied
Num ber

P e rc e n t

A l l establishm ents
_____

_

845

229

357, 594

100

222,433

Manufacturing_____________________________________
N on m anu factu rin g________________________________
Tran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 ________________ ____
W h olesa le t r a d e _______________________________
R eta il tra d e---------------------------------------------Fin ance, insurance, and re a l estate 6 ______
S e rv ic e s 7 ______________________________________

100
-

339
506

79
150

203,909
153,685

57
43

117, 266
105, 167

100
50
100
50
50

59
135
83
84
145

26
27
30
26
41

42, 020
13,777
51,662
22,662
23,564

12
4
14
6
7

32, 934
4,330
39,212
16,127
12, 564

A l l d iv is io n s__________

_____________

L a rg e establishm ents
A l l d iv is io n s _________________________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------------- _
N onmanufacturing_________________________________
T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and
other public u t ilit ie s 5 _ ____________________
W h olesa le t r a d e ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e------------- ----------------- -----Finance, insurance, and re a l estate 6 ______
S erv ic e s 7 ______________________________________

-

134

88

242,999

100

196,528

500
-

86
48

44
44

149, 851
93, 148

62
38

108,496
88, 032

500
500
500
500
500

16
1
19
7
5

13
1
18
7
5

33,256
745
38,450
13,099
7,598

14
(8 )
16
5
3

30,175
745
36,415
13,099
7, 598

1 The Pittsbu rgh Standard M etropolitan S ta tistica l A re a , as defined by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the Bureau o f the Budget)
through January 1968, con sists of A llegh en y, B e a v er, W ashington, and W estm orelan d Counties. Th e "w o r k e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown
in this table p rovid e a reason ably a ccu rate d escription o f the siz e and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey. The estim ates a re not
intended, h ow ever, to s e rv e as a basis of com parison w ith oth er em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent tren ds o r le v e ls since (1)
planning of wage su rveys re q u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled co n sid era b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all
establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scope of the su rvey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la ss ifica tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with tota l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (within the a re a ) of com panies in such
in du stries as tra d e, finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion pictu re theaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in a ll establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the a re a ) at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion .
5 A b b revia ted to "pu blic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les. Tax ica b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tran sportation w e re excluded. Pittsbu rgh 's
lo c a l and suburban tra n sit operations a re m u n icipally owned and a re excluded by definition fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
6 A b b revia ted to "fin a n c e " in the A - s e r ie s tables.
7 H otels and m o tels; laundries and other p erson al s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; n onprofit
m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding re lig io u s and ch a rita ble orga n izatio n s); and en gin eering and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .
8 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.

A lm o st th re e -fifth s of the w ork ers within scope of the su rvey in the Pittsbu rgh a rea w e re em ployed
Th e fo llow in g presen ts the m a jo r industry groups and s p e c ific industries as a percen t o f a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s trie s ________________________________ 47
E le c tr ic a l equipment and su pp lies_______________________ 12
F a b rica ted m eta l p rod u cts_______________________________
8
M a ch in ery, except e le c tr ic a l------------------------------------6
Stone, cla y, and glass p rod u cts_________________________
6
Food and kindred prod u cts_______________________________
5

in manufacturing fir m s .

S p e c ific industries
B last furnace and b asic s te e l p rod u cts__________________ 41
E le c tr ic test and distribu tin g equ ipm ent_________________ 9
F a b rica ted stru ctu ra l m e ta l products____________________
4

Th is in form ation is based on estim ates o f tota l em ploym ent d erived fr o m u n iv erse m a teria ls com piled p r io r to actual su rvey.
P rop o rtio n s in va riou s industry d ivision s m ay d iffe r fr o m proportions based on the resu lts o f the su rvey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in a vera g e s a la r ie s of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings of selected plantworker groups. The indexes
are a m easu re of wages at a given tim e, exp re s s e d as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yields
the p ercentage change in wages fr o m the base period to the date of
the index.
The percentages of change or in crea se relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of in c re a s e , where
shown, r e fle c t the amount of in c re a s e fo r 12 months when the tim e
p erio d between surveys was other than 12 months. T h ese computations
w e r e based on the assumption that wages in creased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estim ates are m easu res of change in a v e r ­
ages fo r the a rea; they are not intended to m easure a v e ra g e pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the p ercentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the r e la tiv e fo r the next succeeding
y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound) each y e a r 's re la tiv e by the
previous y e a r 's index.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regu la r w eek ly s a la ries fo r the norm al workweek,
exclusive of earnings fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plantw orker groups, they
m easure changes in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
prem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w o rk on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data fo r selected key o c c u ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e ric a lly im portant jobs within
each group.
Lim itations of Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and p ercentages of change, as m easu res of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , are influenced by;
(1) g e n e r a l sa la ry and
wage changes, (2) m e r it o r other in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by indi­
vidual w o r k e r s while in the same job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
wages due to changes in the labor fo r c e resultin g fr o m labor turn­
o v e r, f o r c e expansions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em ployed by establishments with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor f o r c e can cause in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v e ra g e s without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an a re a gave wage in creases,
a v e ra g e wages m ay have declined because lo w e r-p a y in g establishments
entered the a rea o r expanded their w o rk fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , wages
m ay have rem ained r e la t iv e ly constant, yet the a v e r a g e s for an area
m ay have risen con siderably because high er-p ayin g establishments
entered the area.

Each of the follo w ing key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate e m ­
ployment in the occupational group;

O ffice clerica l (m en and women): O ffice clerica l (m en and w om en )— Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Bookke eping- machine
Continued
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file , classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerks, order
To ol and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Com ptom eter operators
Unskilled plant (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
A and B
Laborers, m aterial handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffic e boys and girls

The use of constant em plo ym ent weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the p roportion of w o r k e r s r e p resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercentages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem ium pay
f o r o v e r tim e . W h ere n ecessa ry , data w e r e adjusted to rem ove fr o m
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The a v e r a g e (mean) earnings fo r each occupation w e r e m u lti­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products fo r all occupations
in the group w e r e totaled.
The a ggrega tes fo r 2 consecutive yea rs
w e r e related by dividing the aggregate fo r the later y e a r by the a g g r e ­
gate fo r the e a r l i e r year.
The resultant r e la tiv e , less 100 percent,




4




5

Table 2. Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in
Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1971 and January 1 972, and percents of change1 fo r selected periods
A ll industries
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
w om en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

S killed
maintenance
trades
(m en)

Manufacturing
U nskilled
plantw ork ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
w om en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
w om en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw ork ers
(m en)

126. 9
137. 2

121. 2
134. 7

122. 9
140. 2

Indexes (January 1967=100)
January 1971_____________________________________
January 1972_____________________________________

121. 7
130. 3

127. 3
137. 6

121. 6
135. 1

124. 1
137. 0

120. 0
130. 0

P e rcen ts o f change 1
D ecem b er 1959 to January 1961:
13-month in cre a s e -----------------------------------Annual rate o f in c r e a s e ----------------------------

4. 4
4. 1

2. 5
2. 3

4. 2
3. 9

3. 1
2.9

5. 6
5. 2

2. 0
1. 8

3. 8
3. 5

4. 0
3. 7

January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January

2.9
1.4
1. 1
2. 1
2.9
3. 1
3. 6
5. 8
6. 0
4. 7
7. 1

3. 4
2.4
■9
1. 4
1.8
4. 5
4. 7
8. 6
5. 6
6. 0
8. 1

2. 9
.7
.2
1. 3
6. 3
1. 9
3. 4
6. 7
4. 5
5. 5

3. 3
2. 3
1. 6
1.4
3. 5
3. 8
4. 0
5. 4
5. 6
7. 2
10. 4

3. 1
1. 8
.6
-. 5
1.9
3. 4
2. 6
5. 7
6. 2
4. 3
8. 3

3.9
2. 4
.5
1.4
2. 7
3. 5
4. 3
9. 0
4.9
6. 5
8. 1

3. 0
.5
-. 1
.7
6. 5
1. 7
3. 5
7. 1
4. 3
4. 9

3.6
3. 4
.7

1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January
January

1962-----------------------1963------------------- —
1964-----------------------1965-----------------------1966-----------------------1967-----------------------1968-----------------------1969-----------------------1970-----------------------1971-----------------------1972------------------------

1 A ll changes a re in crea ses unless oth erw ise indicated.

11. 1

11. 1

1. 1

4. 3
2. 4
2. 7
6.6
6. 2
5. 7
14. 1

6

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e ar ni ng s

T a b le A -1.

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a . , January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y hours of—

$

s
Average
weekly
M ean2

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

65
Unde,
*
and
under
65
70

$
70

$
75

S
80

*
85

*

90

S

»

100

no

S
120

S
130

S
140

150

*

%

160

170

$

$

180

t

%

190

200

*

%

210

220

75

80

85

90

100

120

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

23

22

26

41

76

35

27

13
10

11
8

22

15

8

14

10

15

1

110

5

8

7

8

1

2

16
10

25
24

44
44

29
22

11
8

140

130

HEN
297
203

$
$
$
$
39.5 178.00 182.00 162.00-194.50
182.00 184.50
30*0

1“ 7

39.5

36

39*2

'0
105.00
106.00 111.00

178
* UDLlL U 1 ALA 1 AL j

r?

1

J^
142150 125.00-170.00
1'0*00
171.00 172.50 158.00-186.00

167.00 1 4 0. 50 157.00 154.00 1 4 1. 50 -

12

86.00-119.50
87.50-120.50

27
27

3B*5 129.00 115.00

trf

8

10

39.5

13

2

96 .0 0-111.00

66

10
8

91.00-134.50

61

n
n

23
16
7
3

38.5 136.50
139.50 131.00

90 .5 0- 17 5. 50

5

29
27

8

20
19

31

12
3

29
26

12
10

"
1

2

40.0 169.00 159.00 149.00-175.00

40.0 122.00 104.50

18
18

50*0

10

35

11

2

175.00
174.00

69

TABULA TI NG -H AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASo A

10

128.00-181.00
153.50 150.00 124.50-181.00

174

9

17

7

1

1

14

|
1

n
n

8

rT
r4

*

10

t8

6

WOHEN
BILLERS, HACHINE (BILLING
16

7

T3

28

5

1

7

15

15

BILLERS, HACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
BO OK KE EP IN G- HA CH IN E OPERATORS,
GLASS A

98.50

99.00

10

5

f
6

1

1

??

\

12
14

7

BOOKKE EP IN G- HA CH IN E OPERATORS,
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

— — — —
— — —

201
78

38.5
39.5

98.50

9 4 I 00

90 .0 0- 10 2. 50

18

32

32

14

2

25

30
26

1

13

50
398

36.0

90.50

90.50

83.00- 96.00

8

15

163.00
39.0 135.50 130.00 1 1 0. 00 130.50-177.00
117.50 1 0 4. 00 136.50

2

616
28
III

89

See footn otes at end o f tables,




12

19

n n *50

66

156

115
29

17
51

26
14
12

12
8

27
14
13

25
24

45
15
30

22
14
8

29
16

21
12

38
22
16

J

30«5 124.50 11 •

8

112 50 105.50 91 .5 0-127.50
143.00
126.00 124.00 10 5. 00 100.50 90 .0 0- 12 1. 50
30*5
1 4 8. 00 178.00
39.5 161.00 162.50
99.00
38.5 106.50
37.0 106.00 103.50
84.00
92.00

91 .5 0-114.00
95.00121.00
81.00102.50

21
21

22
22

46
_
-

16

6

230
and

-

6

30

85
26
59

147
54
66
22

35
22

91
31
60
25
8

101

31
70
36
13
15

49
28

3
9

10

8
:

6

3
1

2
2

2

over

7
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis by indu stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a . , January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Under
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

$

65

t

*

65
and
under

70

$
75

*
80

$
85

*

*

90

100

$

$

110

120

130

t

$

%

160

150

s

160

*

170

180

S
*
190 200

$

*

210

$
220

230
and

70
WOMEN -

eceiving straight- time weekly earnings of—

Number of workers
t

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

160

■ ■150

160

170

180

25
26

7
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

190

200

210

220

230 over

C O N T IN U E D

C L E R K S , F I L E , CLA SS A ------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------

109
60

$
$
$
$
39.0 126.50 131.00 103.50-153.50
60.0 165.00 150.50 132.50-157.50

2

1

2

16

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

18
1

10
2

5
3

20
19

5
5

C L E R K S , F I L E , CLA SS B ------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------NO N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------F IN A N C E -----------------------------------------------------

302
100
202
100

39.0
96.50
89.00
60.0 106.00 107.00
38.5
91.50
88.00
88.00
37.0
88.00

86.00-106.50
87.00-122.00
83.50- 96.50
83.00- 93.50

_

2
2
-

5
5
5

16
7
9
8

63
12
51
19

77
16
61
33

44
7
37
26

35
12
23
11

18
15
3

17
16
1

16
11
5

3
3

1
1

5

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , CLASS C ------------------------------N O N M A NUFACTURING -----------------------------------F IN A N C E -----------------------------------------------------

357
312
126

39.0
39.0
37.5

83.00
81.00
83.00

73.50- 91.00
72.50- 89.00
72.00- 88.50

8
8
-

68
68
27

66
66
11

61
61
4

60
60
36

58
60
27

76
59
16

9
7
6

7
3
1

3

3

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------N O NM ANUFACTURING -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -----------------------------------------

216
89
127
56
71

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

111.00
99.50
119.50 116.50
97.50
105.00
99.50
106.50
96.50
106.00

95.00-120.00
98.00-127.00
93.50-113.50
96.50-122.00
92.00-102.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
12
1

5
5

7
6
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5
1
6

-

5

1
1
1

8
6
2

-

25
8
17
16
1

6
6
-

-

62
32
10
5
5

3
1
2

-

96
19
75
27
68

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , P AYRO LL ---------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------N O NM ANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -----------------------------------------

365
217
168
68
50

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.0

129.50
123.50
138.50
158.00
130.50

26
13
11
1
7

36
19
17

21
12
9

27
20
7

53
35
18
12
2

38
27
11
8

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------N O N M A NUFACTURING -----------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -----------------------------------------

286
136
168
88

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

118.00 115.50
101.50
96.50
133.50 133.50
139.50 169.50

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C LASS A ---------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------NONM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------W HOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------F IN A N C E -----------------------------------------------------

859
666
613
76
70
157

39.5
60.0
39.0
39.0
60.0
37.5

123.00
131.00
116.50
138.50
116.00
108.00

122.00
137.00
109.50
131.50
106.50
108.00

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C LASS B ----------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------NO N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------------------------F IN A N C E ----------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------------------------

678
321
357
53
73
75
56

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0
39.0

106.50
113.50
100.00
121.00
99.50
96.00
105.00

106.50 96.00-118.00
110.00 103.50-123.00
99.50 88.00-109.00
122.50 107.00-136.00
99.00 86.50-106.00
96.50
85.00-102.00
102.50 85.50-116.00

MESSENGERS ( O F F IC E G IR L S ) --------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------F IN A N C E -----------------------------------------------------

239
62
177
79

88.00
38.5
92.00
39.5 108.00 116.00
38.0
86.50
86.50
37.0
85.50
85.00

S E C R E T A R IE S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------NO N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------------------------F IN A N C E ----------------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------------------------

6,226
2,586
1,638
626
186
88
686
652

See footn otes at end o f tables.




39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
60.0
37.0
39.0

83.50
81.50
81.50

167.50
151.00
162.00
160.50
156.00
123.00
126.00
139.50

133.50 103.00-156.00
130.00 98.50-167.50
161.00 112.00-166.00
161.50 168.50-167.50
127.00 99.50-163.50

165.50
150.00
138.00
156.50
153.00
117.00
125.00
137.50

92.00-161.00
79.50-128.50
98.50-163.50
99.00-171.00
106.00-161.00
121.50-163.00
100.50-122.00
119.00-166.00
101.50-116.00
99 .5 0-115.50

-

2
2

10
10

P-

-

5
5

8
8
5
3
18
18
-

-

1
6
5
1

11
5
6

-

6
-

25
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

_

7

*

72
65
27
26

9
6
3

10
5
5

88
9
79

-

-

-

4

2

1
2

11
10
1
~

~

7
-

19
5
16
2

_

2

-

32
-

32
11

2

i

-

6

6

5

3

16
1
13

30
25
5
3

36
22
16
5

18
2
16
7

101
72
29
16
1
7

206
200
4
3

-

3
2

~

2

-

-

-

4

3

*

5

4
4

620
210
210
26
13
12
108
51

615
369
266
29
12
13
77
135

613
666
167
50
37
6
26
68

106
33
71
6

163
52
111
12
12
18
58
11

359
166
193
28
15
23
86
61

-

11
-

~
-

-

3

1

-

-

10

-

1
16
3

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
_

2

-

-

-

-

7
1
6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

4
2
2

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

1
1

51
33
18

-

3

_

16
8

-

12
11
1
1

11

3
-

16

-

23
23

10
10

-

18
4
16
4
10

5
1
6

9
1
8
3

-

19
9
10
5
5

7
2
5

66
5
39
5

128.50-165.00
133.50-167.50
120.00-159.00
161.00-182.00
138.00-176.50
108.50-136.50
111.50-137.00
125.00-156.00

8
8

8
2
6
6

63
5
58
31

9
8

-

-

65
6
61
17

-

15
14

22
22

28
8
20
16

1

_

8
7

17
1
16
13

5
9
2

"

_

90
77
13
10
1
1
1

-

-

16

89
69
60
6
10
6
15

6
12
10

-

8

220
131
89
12
18
16
5

-

-

15

1
61

2
5
2

-

8

-

102
60
62
11

101
19
82
6
18
26
11

9

6

10
4
6
3
3

160
56
86
17
5
44

33
3
30

1

13
5
8

~

39
9
30
22
7

137
18
119
5
61
67

28
1
27

-

2

-

13
2
11

82.50- 96.50
89.00-121.00
82.00- 90.50
79.50- 88.50

-

68
26
22
1
6

-

-

10
8
2

2

-

_

-

5
38
22

“

“

16

-

666
669
195
88
10
5
31
61

369
263
106
38
23
1
22
22

-

16
16
-

305
213
92
33
31
16
16

i
i
i
-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
-

_
_

.
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
15
15
10
6
1

66
22
26
11
8

17
7
10
10

3
3

256
188
68
60
8
1
5
16

103
59
66
25
7
-

12

105
71
36
20
6
1
6
3

_

.
-

5

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a . , January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N umber o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Under
M ean2

Median *

Middle range ^

*

$

65

70

$

$

75

80

*
85

*

90

*

%

100

110

%

120

130

$

*
140

$
150

*
160

*
170

*

180

*

190

S

200

»

210

*

220

and
under

*

65

230
and

70

75

80

85

-

-

-

-

90

100

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

over

3

16
7
9

29
11
18

13
11
2

28
13
15

22
10
12

26
21
5

25
23
2

32
26
6

10
6
4

21
17
4

10
6
4

78
44
34
8
5
17
4

43
15
28

74
61
13
2

59
41
18

64
44
20
15
2
3
*

5
1
4
4
“
“

7
1
6
6

5
6
6

126
97
29
21
2
4
2

39
26
13
12
1

5
2

129
96
33
8
18
5
2

16
9
7
7

“
7
18

74
57
17
1
7
6
2

98
38
60
2

239
133
106
29
12
14
46

338
199
139
51
7
22
59

206
151
55
22
7
13
13

108
65
43
21
5
5
12

83
59
24
17
6
1

23
5
18
12
6

8
1
7
3
4

4
«
4
4

110

120

14
14

14
14
*

-

49
17
32
14
18
“

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

263
179
84

$
$
$
$
39.0 173.50 174.00 146.50-202.00
39.5 175.50 186.50 149.50-203.00
38.5 170.00 167.50 144.50-189.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

821
520
301
90
62
80
59

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
37.0
38.0

160.00
166.00
150.00
183.50
144.50
136.50
125.00

166.50
171.00
147.00
189.50
144.50
128.00
133.00

134.50-183.50
148.00-184.00
119.50-181.00
177.00-204.00
117.50-175.00
118.00-158.00
97 .5 0-140.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1,562
918
644
166
72
156
204

39.5
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
36.5
39.0

149.00
149.50
148.00
163.50
172.00
135.00
143.00

150.00
151.50
148.50
158.00
166.00
133.50
147.00

134.00-163.00
134.50-164.00
133.00-160.50
150.50-175.00
144.50-199.00
122.50-150.50
136.00-157.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,408
825
583
155
238

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.0
37.0

132.50
138.00
124.50
138.00
115.00

134.00
140.50
124.50
139.50
116.50

120.00-145.00
128.00-149.00
113.00-136.50
119.50-156.00
103.00-128.00

_

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1,482
672
810
220
281
240

38.5
40.0
37.5
38.5
37.0
36.5

112.00
115.50
109.50
127.50
95.50
107.50

109.00 96 .0 0- 12 7. 50
117.00 101.00-131.50
106.00 89.50-117.50
115.00 108.00-139.50
95.00 83.00-105.00
102.50 86.50-118.50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1,383
773
610
96
194
194
99

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
37.5
39.0

124.50
129.50
118.50
129.00
124.00
109.00
121.00

123.50
129.00
120.00
127.50
122.50
104.50
121.50

109.50-138.00
116.50-142.50
101.50-127.50
118.00-142.50
120.00-125.00
98 .5 0- 11 7. 50
99 .0 0- 13 8. 00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

180
97
83
33

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

130.00
129.00
131.50
141.50

130.00
130.00
131.00
145.50

115.00-146.50
115.00-142.50
115.50-147.00
136.50-148.00

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

170
147
30

39.5 111.50 103.00 95 .0 0- 12 4. 00
39.0 108.00 101.00 94 .5 0- 11 6. 50
39.0 146.00 161.50 129.00-164.50

SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

374
174
200
26
94

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5
39.5

See footn otes at end o f tab les




105.50 101.50 92 .0 0- 11 7. 50
108.50 111.00 93 .0 0- 11 9. 00
98.50 92 .0 0- 11 2. 50
103.50
114.50 116.00 101.00-135.00
99.50 92 .0 0- 11 2. 00
102.00

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
“
_

_

-

"

3

“

*
5
5
*

-

-

-

-

7
7
6
*

“

8
6
2
-

17
17
6
3
8

21
21

9
8
1

-

13
13
-

108
62
46

1
“

11

45
18
27
13
6

1
17
15

39
10

265
175
90
6
12
32
33

2

8
6
7

-

4

-

4
“

34
19
15
~
13

74
33
41
35

83
20
63
12
39

151
36
115
28
51

240
127
113
16
50

291
152
139
23
38

268
242
26
20
5

142
101
41
35
3

63
45
18
16
1

39
35
4
4

7
6
1
1

4
4
-

82
37
45
15
30

34
2
32
31
1

66
7
59
40
18

97
25
72
4
23
44

181
85
96
1
69
17

322
128
194
75
62
20

211
83
128
43
27
54

161
118
43
18
6
10

152
114
38
28
3
6

62
37
25
15
5
5

45
34
11
2
8

33
2
31
2
27

5
5
3
-

30
30
28

1
1
1
-

2
2

1

8
8
-

17
8
9

176
84
92
7

189
118
71
21

-

4
4

65
9

32
11

338
167
171
27
106
21
16

189
141
48
11
15
5
16

140
111
29
12
3
3
10

107
79
28
14
1
8
5

30
22
8

-

150
31
119
2
45
56
12

22
11
11
1
6
4

6
1
5
1
2
2

35
24
11
6

27
7
20
19

14
11
3
1

9
5
4

2

3
1

8
1

30
16
14
5

13
1

18
18
18

2
2

4
2

-

2

1

8

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

*

1
*

1
“

1
1
“

24
8
16
“

3
3

2
1

10
8
-

55
54
“

36
34
2

14
13
3

8
6
2

6
5
5

1
“

10
10
-

20
17
3

42
19
23

100
25
75

54
21
33

9
7

35

19

23
7
16
4
ii

28
15
13

13

77
57
20
3
13

-

*
3
3
2

2

-

i
i
-

-

-

-

6

6

30

2
2

6
3

2
1

-

8
*

“

-

2

“

8

-

_

“

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
*

•
—

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

*

*

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

1

2
-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

15
4
11
3
6
-

-

3
3
3

-

“

-

9
T a b le A -1.
(A v e r a g e

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n an d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

s tr a ig h t- tim e

w e e k ly

h o u rs

and

e a r n in g s

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a t io n s

s tu d ie d

Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

on

an

a rea

b a s is

by

*
Average
weekly

Under

(standard)

t

P itts b u r g h ,

P a . ,

J a n u a ry

1972)

65

*
70

S
75

80

*

t

$

85

90

$

i
100

110

$
120

S

%

130

140

$

150

$
160

»
170

—

$
180

*

190

*

%
200

210

S
220

and
under

S
65

70

230

and
75

80

3

5

85

90 _ I 0 f l _

110 _ 1 2 0

130

140 -1 5 Q - -160.

170

180

190

210

200

220

230

over

CONTINUED

t r a n s c r i b i n g - h a c h in e

OPERATORS,

$

$
n

149

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

^07
205
202

111*50
39 0
9 7 .0 0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

11C "0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

9 4 .5 0

FINANCE
T Y P IS T S , CLASS B

d iv is io n ,

Number of workers r eceiving straight- time weekly earnings 0

Middle range *

WOMEN -

in d u s t r y

1

---------------------------------------------

947

$

$

3

i u 'n !

• ?

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
_
„^
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0

9 1 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

-

-

7 2 .0 0 -

8 5 .5 0

12
20

1

4

15

28
12

15

158

215

23

19

67

46

135

2
3

7 7 *9 ?
7 5 .0 0

34

19

67

A0

50

18
22

8

18
18

3

55
23
16
6

23
16
10

28

56
36
18
10

175

34

23

16
11

38
43

79

10

13

16
6
11

8

11

3

-

18

*
1

-

5

-

12

-

-

9
*

3
2

4
.

8
-

See footnotes at end of tables.




“

“

“

-

-

-

1

-

...

10
T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n an d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a ., January 1972)
Weekly arnings 1
(stan iard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er

$
Average
weekly

t

65
Mean*

Median2

Middle range2

(standard)

70

$

t

S

75

80

85

o f w o rk e rs

S

*
90

95

r e c e iv in g

$
100

*
no

s tr a ig h t-tim e

$

S
120

130

w e e k ly

*
140

e a r n in g s

*
150

160

o f—

*

$

170

*
180

1

190

*

200

i

210

5

220

230

and
and

u n der

70

75

-

-

85

90

95

no

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

6
3

100

120

5
1

4
3

16
15

8
4

11
10

33
27

70

26
23

21

57

14
8
6

5

15
13
2
l

22
15
7
5

12
8
4
4

22
14
8
8

17
10
7
7

23

1

6

8
8

1
1

4
2
2

6
4

80

4

16
10

19
18

41

41

2
2

220

230

over

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

221
174

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 8 0 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

$
$
$
1 8 3 .5 0 1 7 1 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0 1 7 4 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

147
94
53
36

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

C L E R K S , 0 R 0 E R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

88
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

98
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B O Y S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

121
66
55
31

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

148
95
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------

371
131
240
25
174

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 1 4 9 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

A -------

66

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------F I N A N C E ------------------

171
85
86

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

CLERKS,

C L A S S C -------

250

3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

7

C L E R K S , O R D E R ----------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------

83
74
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

-

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------

216
142
74
50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 6 3 .5 0

10
10

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------

156
102
88

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 6 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 7 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----F I N A N C E ------------------

726
415
311
74
151

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .5 0

1

-

-

_

_

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

_

-

_
-

3
3

10
8
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

“

-

7
4
3
1

9
5
4
3

10

11

-

-

10

11
2

7

7
7
-

4
3
12
9
3

'

-

5

15

7
6

4
4

20
19

6
6

7
1

29

11

22

8

5

17
15
2
1

12
10
2
2

11
11

4
4

1

-

14

12
2
10

16

10

9
8
i

14
13
i

21
21
-

6

6

20

5

4

10
8
2

26

6

10

6

1

19
11
8
4
2

18
13
5
5
*

29
16
13

9

8
3
5

4

21
12
9
3
6

7

-

5
5
4

-

8

-

“

2
2

9
5
4
4

10
4
6
3

4

16

7
6

8

6

9
9

6

2

16

2

14
14

1
1

-

WOMEN

CLERKS,

FILE,

FILE,

CLASS

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




_

-

-

-

3
3

1

11
4

1

7

20
20

47
5
42

44

43
11
32

34
11
23

6

18

38

35

25

13

25
17
8
3
*

-

-

-

2

4

10

5

9

5

24

31
8
23
23

21
7
14
13

7

23
6
17
5

15
14
1

16
16

11
11

3
3

1
1

8

24
12
12
12

33

43

46

29

35

7

4

3

1

1
1
1

35
35
35

13
13
13

5
5
5

5
5
5

3
1
1

2

i
i

2

11
5
6

3

6

13
7
6
5

18
10
8
4

31
27
4
2

30
27

3

13
8
5
4

10
3
7

6

9
5
4
4

*

25
9
16
7

10

23
23
23

2
2
2

4

6
3

-

3

5

9
7
7

8
8
7

15
15
14

8
8
8

16

3

6
6

41
41

95
17
78
5
47

129
50
79
17
42

102
60
42
11

85

200
196
4

14
9
5
5

8
4
4
4

12

1

*

“

-

2
2

4
4

9

20
14
6

2

-

4

9

*

-

3
3
3

16
7

42
-

-

5
5
-

“
-

-

9

3
3
3

_

-

5
5
-

10
-

7
2
2

_

6
6

9
5
4
2

-

-

-

~

“

-

~

-

10
10
-

_

9

*

“

-

3

3
3

23
6

17
12

-

7
5

29

61

17

16

2

1

2

61

24
16
3

3

3

7

1
8

2
6

-

12
12

1

1

1
4

2
2
2

3
1
2
2

2
2

6
1
5

9
6

2

-

11

T a b l e A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w o rk e rs or m ore by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1972)
Weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

amings 1
ard)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$
65

weekly
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

t

70

S
75

80

*
85

*
90

T*
95

*
100

*
110

*
120

*
130

t
140

i
150

*
160

$

i

170

180

t
190

t
200

t
210

f
220

and
under

230
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

11
11

9
2
7
2
5

19
1
18

17
3
14
-

22

113
66
47

50
21
29

10

22

3

30
9

1
9

22

2

2
2

5

11
11

43
8
35
5

39

-

-

-

-

1
4

5

8

6

4
8

5
9

-

18
12

12
18
12

10

1

-

-

-

-

10
4
6

44

36
4

8

9

23

1
7

1
8

23

4

1
1

32

-

12
11
1

4

44

10

_150

160

170

180

190

200

210

-

-

4

-

-

211
163
48

203
156
47

33

40

220

230

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

77
54

83
59

22
11

29
18

17
7

23
22

24
20

11
10

11
11

10
10

1

1

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$
108.00
116.00
101.00
113.00
99.50
92.50

$
$
$
105.00 96 .5 0- 11 7. 50
109.50 103.00-126.00
100.00
89.50-110.50
111.50 103.50-124.50
99.00 86.50-106.00
93.50
85.50- 99.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE ------------------------

367
173
194
37
73
54

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
37.5

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLSI --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

168
57
111

96.50
91.50
38.5
39.5 109.50 115.00
38.0
89.50
89.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE ------------------------

2,931
1,921
1,010
348
88
306

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

137
110

39.5 196.50 198.50 184.00-215.50
40.0 195.50 198.00 185.50-209.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

486
368
118
75

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

173.00
170.00
181.50
197.00

175.00
173.50
183.00
197.00

157.00-189.00
156.00-186.00
163.00-202.00
182.50-207.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------FINANCE ------------------------

1,142
707
435
147
120

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.0
36.5

151.00
152.00
148.50
164.00
134.00

151.50
152.50
151.00
159.00
134.50

136.00-163.00
136.00-164.50
136.00-159.50
151.00-176.50
122.00-149.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

1,045
615
430
111

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

137.00
143.00
129.00
145.00

137.50
143.00
129.00
148.00

124.50-148.50
132.00-153.50
117.50-138.00
131.00-158.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------FINANCE -----------------------

952
520
432
204
137

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.0
37.5

118.50
120.50
116.00
127.50
98.50

114.00
122.00
110.00
114.50
99.00

104.50-131.00
107.00-133.50
102.50-120.00
108.00-138.50
92.00-106.00

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

1,031
677
354
96

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

126.00
130.50
117.50
1 2 9 o00

126.00
130.50
116.50
127.50

111.00-140.50
117.00-144.00
102.50-130.00
118.00-142.50

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

128
76
52
29

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

134.00
133.00
135.00
140.50

134.50
133.00
137.00
144.00

121.50-147.50
121.50-149.00
122.50-147.00
135.50-148.00

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

110

39.5 120.00 113.00 98 .5 0-151.50
39.5 117.00 106.00 98.00-132.00
39.0 146.00 161.50 129.00-164.50

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




87
30

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
37.0

151.50
155.00
145.50
167.50
123.00
130.50

149.50
154.00
141.00
161.50
117.00
129.50

86.50-107.00
93.00-122.00
86.00- 93.50
133.50-167.00
138.00-169.50
124.50-159.50
149.50-184.50
108.50-136.50
116.50-142.50

-

-

-

1

2

-

11

-

“

-

5
5

16
8
8

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

12
4

68

-

205
90

260
140

445
262

465
362

538
367

272
207

-

2

2

10

8

57

115
15

120

183
24

1

2

3

18

*

5

3

39

23
50

171
78
5

65
34

1
*

103
39
6
26

26

10
9

5
3

41
34

61
50

36

90

29

77

7

11
2

7

-

13
8

278
151
127
47
18

157
118
39
18
10

233
210
23
18

120
89

41
34

*

10
10
-

5
5
-

-

-

*

_
-

-

~
“

-

-

5
5

1
1
*

.
-

-

8

2

2

-

-

2

11

_
-

-

-

-

*

”

~

10

16
117

1

2
-

8
-

10
4

46
9

2

8

6

37

9
2
7
~

13

23
9
14

39
16
23

60
27
33

234
103
131

7

6

1
25

75
45

-

1
1
-

-

73
30

-

-

-

7
-

1

42
12
30

1

6

15
14

-

22
2
20

-

5
5

-

10
10

2

-

-

-

13

23

9
4

18

5

1
17

12
12
60

32
85
15
187
76
111
43

73
38
35
2
24

13
67

13
7
6

213
167
46
6
28

181
109
72
21
14

1
19

-

~

3

-

1

“

8

6

26

10

17

4

21
18

24

6

23

22

6

13

10
6

35
22
13

53
36

12
5

5

7

23

17

7

21

12

15

7

1
4
4

1
6
6

14

4

5
9
9

i

-

7
4

-

21

75
55
20
17

3
3

-

-

”

62
45
17
16

39
35
4
4

7
6

36
34
2

6

5

30

2
4

-

-

5

30

2

2

3

28

22

12

2

11

1

_
-

172
88

219
88

84
10

131
18

133
105
28

130
101
29

14

28

7
7

175
137

126
99

99
79

31
29

74
45
29

100
77

i
i

4
4
-

“
i
i
i

3
3

_
-

_
-

-

_
*

_

-

-

-

-

“

*

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

3

161

186

43

147
72
75

98
63

123
63

38

27

20

22
-

1

1

-

-

-

2

7

21

27

11

12

14

-

1

1

-

*

*

1
-

1

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

1

-

4

19

28

29

23

14

6

1

-

2
2

11

16
12

20

7
16

11
3

5

9

1

1
7

8

1

1

-

3

5

6

15

1

-

8

6

12
-

18

4

8

22

18

12

2

7

22

16

1
1

6

5

1
-

3

2

5

-

2

18
18

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

T a b le A -1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1972)
Weekly earnings
dard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1

Number of vorkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earning s of --*

Average
weekly

workers

S
65

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

CONTINUED

$

$

$

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

65

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0

67
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

300
189
111
67

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 1 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

530
274
256
28
185

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

9 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




9 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

t

»
80

85

i
90

$
95

»
100

*

%

110

120

$

t
130

140

t

t
150

160

A
170

$

$
180

190

200

1 ------ $
210
220

i
230

and
75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

*

9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

*
75

and
under
70

WOMEN -

t
70

~

5

1

9

7

4

9

8

8

6

2

4

-

13
10

8
7

7
7

9
8

12
12

15
15

3
3

5
1
4
-

6
3
3
“

20
9
ii
i

65
38
27
7

72
48
24
18

63
47
16
16

34
23
11
10

10
8
2
2

11
11

1

*

1
1

89
29
60

82
56
26

67
29
38
10
21

89
65
24
12
3

28
16
12
3
4

19
16
3
3

11
9
2

18
18

9
5
4

5
3
2

190

200

210

220

230

over

2

”

*

“

”

”

-

-

12

-

-

•

-

-

-

12
12

“

-

-

-

180

$

8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

_
-

*
_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

14

-

14

26
6
20

-

1
1
-

69
22
47

-

-

-

-

-

14

20

46

59

18

-

-

-

-

_

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

•

-

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l

and te c h n ic a l

o c c u p a tio n s —m en

and w o m e n

(Average straight-time w e e k l y hou r s and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., Ja n u a r y 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Number of v/orker s receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

Number
of
woikers

»

%

$

Unde

weekly
Mean ^

Middle range ^

Median ^

(standard)

t

s

*

s

S

S

t

t

*

*

$

%

*

*

t

$

%

100

100
and
under

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

110

Sex. occupation, and industry division

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

-

~

1

15

30
11

29

20

17
10

5

5

3

C

22

31

6

2

3

1

8

16

C

1

3
3

and

HEN
$

$

$

$

166
65
101

39.0 166.50 166.00 149.00-182.00
40.0 174.50 178.00 157.00-187.50
38.5 161.50 159.00 144.50-176.00

-

199
88
111

39.0 143.00 139.50 128.00-158.00
40.0 149.00 146.00 136.00-164.00
38.5 138.50 133.00 122.00-155.00

4

5

15

32

*

3

13

25

47
24
23

98
77

39.0 122.00 124.00 105.00-133.50
38.5 119.50 119.00 104.00-132.00

18
17

17
16

20
13

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

127
64
63

39.5 224.00 221.00 192.50-249.50
40.0 240.50 236.00 215.50-271.50
39.0 207.00 205.00 184.00-228.50

*

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

161
87
74

39.0 194.50 195.50 173.00-217.00
39.5 194.00 191.50 182.00-213.00
38.0 195.50 202.00 164.50-219.50

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------------------------NUNnANUP AO1UR1NO —
—

88
54

38.5 156.50 159.00 139.00-176.00
37.5 149.50 151.00 136.00-162.50

180
152

39.5 314.00 317.00 277.00-352.50
287.00-358.50
40.0 322.00

19

25

16

14

22

9

25
20

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUrAC 1UK 1No - - - - - - - - - - - -

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUrAC 1UK 1No - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NuNHANUrAC 1UK 1No — — — — — — — —
— —— —— — —
COMPUTER OPERATORS« CLASS C
NUNMANUr AC 1UK1NO “

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------

265

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------------

1,311
1,020
291
286

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

957
681
276
880
704

1K AutK j

-

“

*

~

4

10

200.50-239.00
204.50-241.00
186.00-231.50
186.50-231.50

-

-

40.0 187.50 189.50 170.50-202.50
40.0 189.00 189.50 172.50-204.00
39.5 183.50 190.50 166.00-200.00

_

**

219.00
222.00
209.00
209.00

218.50
220.00
210.50
211.00

3

9
3
6

2

7

12

143.00 144.00
/ A rt

1^

3

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
W orkers w ere distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of table.




6
3
3

14
4
10

3
2
1

14
4
10

15
5
10

17
12
5

6
3
3

11
7
4

~

4
2
2

12
10
2

2
1
1

9
7
2

9
4
5

8
4
4

27
23
4

19
15
4

21
7
14

14
5
9

8
4
4

15
8
7

5
2
3

6
5
1

-

-

2

“
“

~

2

5

6

7

4

i

i

-

-

2

2

3

1
1

9
7
-

7
u

-

8

14

5

-

7

17 *114

18**101

*

“

“

1

i

3

10

9

11

10

19

23

26

17

16

-

5

5

~

~

“

5
5

5
4

28
6
22
22

63
41
22
21

99
63
36
36

118
92
26
26

212
183
29
27

154
126
28
28

152
113
39
39

164
125
39
39

121
110
11
11

130
118
12
12

31
17
14
14

27
26
1
1

9
2
7

11
9
2

8

58
38
20
14

93
64
29
28

111
77
34
32

144
129
15
10

178
108
70
63

135
91
44
35

79
74
5

10
9
1

44
44

18
1
17

-

-

5
3
2

1

8
8

51
32
19
19

1

_
-

79
61
18

122
93
29

97
60
37

143
122
21

128
88
40

55
53

55
49

5
5

11
11

1

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

15

25

29

17

32

“

2
-

-

2

C

52
42
10
10

35
31

96
88
8

pp

-

__

-

-

7

“

-

18

*
**

.

18
10

9

1

~

1 fO.UU iOW. VL
//

40.0 144.00 145.50 126.00-162.50
40.0 144.00 146.00 123.00-162.50

i
i

8
7
1

39.5 277.50 272.50 241.00-315.50
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

.

C

-

144
U K A r ljR tN

'

-

*
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

8

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
*

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

A

15

10 at $ 290 to $ 300; 19 at $ 300 to $ 320; 16 at $ 320 to $ 340; 33 at $ 340 to $ 360; 10 at $ 360 to $ 380;
8 at $ 290 to $ 300; 31 at $ 300 to $ 320; 26 at $ 320 to $ 340; 20 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 16 at $ 360 to $ 380.

18 at $ 380 to $400; and 8 at $400 to $420.

14
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time w e e k l y hours a nd earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., Ja n u a r y 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of vorker s receiving straight-tim e we ekly earning s of—
t

*

Under

t

)

$

$

$

$

S

%

$

s

*

i

i

S

i

t

botirs 1
(standard)

M ean2

Median ^

Middle range2

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

110

Sex, occupation, and industry division

100

S

*

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

-

6
6

26
21
5
1

43
30
13
12

46
26
20
12

37
36

17
4
13
4

31
31
31

68

-

43
33
10
4

-

“

25
21
4
2

12

~

16
15
1

-

~

-

37

~
-

-

68

-

-

-

23
17

25
24

46
41

4
3

and
under

$
100

and

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
ELECTRONIC TE CH NI CI AN S -----MA NU FACTURING ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------

370
156
214
182

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
2 0 9 .5 0 2 0 4 .5 0 1 8 0 .5 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 1 8 1 .0 0 1 6 9 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0 2 3 5 .5 0 2 1 0 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0 2 3 8 .5 0 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0

254
231

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0

-

WOMEN
NURSESt INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

-

-

7
5

11
10

66
63

65
63

2
1

2
1

3
3

12
12

-

68

15
T a b le A -2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l

an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s — m e n

and w o m e n

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w o rk ers or m ore by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a., January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

1

»
90

weekly
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

*

*

1 00 1 10

$

120

*

110 120

1 30

t

i

140

150

-

and
under
100

t

130

—
150

160

$

170

*

180

»

190

i

2 00

*

210

t

220

t
23 0

i

240

$

250

260

s

$
------ 1
----

—

140

160

270

280

290

and
170

180

190

2 00

21 0

2 20

23 0

240

2 50

260

2 70

280

290

over

HEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

139
58
81

39.0
40.0
3 8.0

$
166.50
177.50
158.50

166*50
180.50
158.00

$
$
1 5 2 .00 -1 82 .00
164 .00 -1 91 .00
143 .00 -1 70 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

159
79
80

39.0
4 0.0
38.5

147.00
150.50
143.50

144.50
151.00
138.00

1 3 2 .50 -1 60 .00
1 3 7 .00 -1 65 .50
1 29.00-157.00

20
11

29
10
19
20
7
13

38
15
23

“

-

20
15
5

3
3

12
10
2

14

67

38.5

125.00

126.00

94
61

39.5
40.0

236.00
242.00

229.50
2 40.00

209 .50 -2 70 .00
2 19 .00-272.00

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

136
71
65

39.0
39.5
38.0

202.00
202.00
2 01.50

201.00
196.50
204.00

1 8 5 .50 -2 23 .50
1 8 6 .50 -2 25 .00
1 7 7 .50 -2 24 .00

_
-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------

72

38.5

164.00

162.00

1 4 9 .00 -1 82 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------

146
132

40.0
40.0

314.00
317.50

312.00
315.50

279.00 -3 56 .50
281 .00 -3 59 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------

247

277.00

272.50

239 .00 -3 20 .50

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

1 1 2 .50 -1 35 .50

o
o

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------

31
15

20
18

2

21

-

~
1

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------

769
743

40.0
40.0

223.50
223.50

223.50
222.50

206 .50 -2 41 .00
206 .50 -2 41 .00

6 85
606
79

40.0
40.0
39.0

193.00
191.00
205.50

192.50
190.50
198.50

177 .00 -2 08 .00
176 .00 -2 06 .50
1 8 1 .00 -2 45 .00

_
-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

532
471
61
32

40.0
4 0.0
39.0
38.0

154.50
155.00
151.50
148.00

155.00
155.50
148.50
148.00

1 3 7 .50 -1 68 .00
1 3 7 .50 -1 68 .50
1 3 8 .00 -1 65 .50
133 .00 -1 64 .50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------MANUFACTURING -----------

160
128

40.0
4 0.0

125.00
124.00

123.50
121.50

1 1 5 .50 -1 33 .00
1 14 .00 -1 33 .00

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

246
120
126
94

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

198.00
185.00
211.00
215.00

200.00
187.50
215.00
216.50

179 .00 -2 16 .00
170 .00 -2 00 .50
199 .00 -2 31 .00
202 .50 -2 36 .50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING -------------------

232
211

40.0
40.0

162.00
161.50

156.50
156.00

148 .00 -1 79 .50
148 .50 -1 74 .50

_

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

_
”

**

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

See footnotes at end o f tables.




1

“

7
4

3

6

2

i

8
5

17
12

5
3

10
7

3
3

3

8
4
4

18
14
4

19
15
4

21
7
14

14
5
9

8
4
4

15
8
7

5
2
3

6
5
1

4

1

i

-

-

-

2
1

2
2

2
1

8
8

6
6

2

3

2

6

7

11

18

5

6

7

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

9
9

_
-

20
20

-

21
18
3
3

50
46
4
3

79
68
11
4

49
48

42
32

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
12

6
3

1

2

-

2
2

“

1
1

6
3
3

1

-

2
2

“

5
3

3

8
4
4

-

1

1

_

52

4
2

12
10

2
1

9
7

_
-

_
“

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

5

5

4

5

7
6

17
15

*91
84

**97

2

3

10

9

11

10

19

23

21

13

16

13

12
11

33
33

73
73

151
149

92
88

87
78

115
112

95
94

102
98

5

2
2

-

1

“

“

71
66
5

136
129
7

101
84
17

101
91
10

79
74
5

10
9

44
44

5

i

_

3
2

18
1
17

1

“

5
5

11
11

1

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

46
26
20
12

33
33
32

2
1

2
1

1

-

36
30
6

44
8

49
34
15
8

113
104
9
4

98
88
10
8

47
45
2

55
49
6

“

16
15
6
6

4
3
1

25
21
4
2

31
21
10
4

14
9
1

43
30
13
12

20
16

22
21

46
41

4
3

-

-

-

-

4

-

_
-

11
10

-

52
49

*

1

-

2

35
18

5

*

-

3

65
63

5

13
4
9

31
31
31

3
3

-

-

-

“

$320 to $340; 20 at $340 to $360; 10 at $360 to $380; 14 at $380 to $400; and 8 at $400 to $420.
8 at $290 to $300; 27 at $300 to $320; 26 at $320 to $340; 20 at $340 to $360; and 16 at $360 to $380.

-

_
-

_
-

“

~

-

-

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p ro fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a ., January 1972)
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

73

*
O
O

B ILLE R S . MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

1 2 4 .0 0

27

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0

75

3 9 .0

1 0 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

103
66

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------FINANCE -------------------------------

205
78
127
50

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .0

9 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------RE TAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE --------------------------

695
358
337
32
143
58
66

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------RE TAIL TRAOE ----------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1 ,0 2 3
333
690
69
239
210
105
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

121

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 8 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

B ILLE R S . MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —

60
61

112.00
1 6 6 .5 0

110.00
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING — ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

321
115
206
104

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE ---------------

370
321
130

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE ---

407
263
144
72
71

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
RETAIL TRADE -----

474
293

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 I
1 4 2 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

See footn ote at end o f ta b les.




Occupation and industry division

181
69
50

88.00

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

289
141
148

8
8

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

u s .s o
1 0 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

875
451
424
87
70
157

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------

682
324
358
53
73
75
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O FFICE BOYS AND G IR L S )MANUFACTUR1NG -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------

417
160
257
81
95
64

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES -----------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

4 ,2 6 1
2 ,6 1 2
1 ,6 4 9
428
195
486
452

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

264
180
84

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE ---------------SERVICES --------------

833
531
302
91
62
80
59

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 ,5 8 3
929
654
167
81
156
204

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S •
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE ---------------SERVICES ---------------

Average

8
8

100.00
121.00

9 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

SECRETARIES -

-

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------f i n a n c e ----------------------------------------

1 ,4 0 9
826
583
155
238

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------

1 ,4 8 6
672
814
224
281
240

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

112.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------

1 ,3 8 4
773
611
97
194
194
99

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

180
97
83
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

170
147
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

200

374
174

26
94

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

94
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

80
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

71

3 8 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

33

3 7 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

226
77
149

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

102.00

SW IT CHB OAR D OP ER ATO RS,

C L AS S A

-----

1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

121.00

102.00

1 1 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

17
T a b le A -3 .
(A v e r a g e

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a nd te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d -----C o n t i n u e d

s tr a ig h t- tim e

w e e k ly

h o u rs

and

e a r n in g s

fo r

s e le c t e d

o c c u p a t io n s

s tu d ie d

on

an

a rea

b a s is

b y in d u s tr y

d iv is io n ,

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

- CONTINUED
*10
207
203
68
86

39.5
*0.0
38.5
39.0
38. 0

$
116.50
120.50
112.00
135.00
103.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------F I N A N C E --------------------------

968
*73
*95
48
116
2*9

39.0
*0.0
38 . 0
36.5
*0.0
36.5

95.00
102.00
88.50
100.50
80.00
88.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
182
79
103

39.0
39 . 5
38 . 5

165.00
169.00
162.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

218
97
121

39.5
*0.0
38.5

1*3.00
1*9.00
138.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

no

39.0
38 . 5

122.50
119.00

See

fo o tn o te




at end

o f ta b le s .

81

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

1972)

4
Occupation and industry division

Average
Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T ECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

132
66
66

39.5
*0.0
39.0

$
223.00
239.00
207.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

970
685
285
231

*0.0
*0.0
39.5
*0.0

$
187.00
189.00
182.50
175.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

183
101
82

39.0
39.5
38. 5

19*.00
195.50
192.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

902
709
193
150

*0.0
*0.0
39.5
*0.0

1*3.50
1**.00
1*2.50
1*1.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

105
58

39.0
38.0

155.00
150.00

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

222
131
91
55

39.5 123.50
*0.0 12*.50
39.0 122.50
38.5 126.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

182
15*

39.5
*0.0

31*.00
322.00

E L E C T R O N I C T E C H N I C I A N S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

370
156
21*
182

*0.0 209.50
*0.0 182.00
*0.0 229.50
*0.0 235.00

287.00
N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

258
23*

*0.0
*0.0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ---------------------

303

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

1,31*
1,023
291
286

O

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

J a n u ary

o

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------F I N A N C E --------------------------

P a .,

Average

A v e rage

Occupation and industry division

P itts b u r g h ,

*0.0 219.00
*0.0 221.50
*0.0 209.00
*0.0 209.00

161.00
160.50

T a b le A -3 a .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a nd t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la rge e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a ., Janu ary 1972)
Average
O c c u p a tio n

and

OFFICE

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

OCCUPATIONS

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A O E ----------------------

Average
O c c u p a tio n

OFFICE
369
269
100
32
518
225
293
61
176

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

and

in d u s t r y

OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES

d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE

- CONTINUED

- CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

O c c u p a tio n

138
111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0

and

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

492
373
119
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

1 ,1 5 4
718
436
148
120

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------1 6 4 .5 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------1 3 4 .0 0
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 ,0 4 6
616
430
111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0 C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------1 4 3 .0 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------1 2 9 .0 0
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------1 4 5 .0 0

956
520
436
208
137

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

72

3 9 .0

1 4 3 .0 0

190
100
90
73

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

259
212

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , O R D E R --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

171
84
87
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 4 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

314
218
96
34
50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 ,032
677
355
97

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

161
102
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

128
76
52
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

740
420
320
83
151

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

110
87
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C --------1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R S ,
1 1 6 .5 0
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------1 2 8 .5 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------9 8 .5 0
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
1 2 6 .0 0
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------1 3 0 .5 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------1 1 7 .5 0
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------1 2 9 .5 0
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
1 3 4 .0 0
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------133 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
1 4 0 .5 0
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------1 4 6 .0 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

65

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

370
176
194
37
73
54

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R LS)M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

289
123
166
73
69

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

2*953
1,9 4 1
1 ,0 1 2
350
88
306

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

CLASS

See fo o tn o te at end o f tables,




111.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

61

3 8 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------1 1 1 .5 0

33

3 7 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

75
52

8 8 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

67
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

303
191
112
68

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

547
291

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

256
28

3 7 .0
3 8 .0

9 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

185

3 6 .5

8 6 .5 0

144
61
83

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

174
88
86

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 7 .0 0

74

3 8 .5

1 2 4 .5 0

99
63

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 3 4 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0

158
85
73

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

80

3 8 .5

1 6 3 .0 0

148
134

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 4 .0 0
3 1 7 .5 0

772
746

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 3 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

A -----------------

FILE,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------F I N A N C E --------------------------

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

CLERKS,

Number
of
workers

1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

692

4 0 .0

1 9 2 .5 0

610
82

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0

548

4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0

476

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

72

1 5 5 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

193

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

131
62

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

55

3 8 .5

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

E L E C T R O N I C T E C H N I C I A N S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------1 2 1 .0 0
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------1 2 0 .5 0
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

246

4 0 .0

120
126
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 1 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0

236
214

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

19
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs f o r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a ., January 1972)
Hourly earnings3

N u m b er

Number

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

of

d iv is io n

U n d er

Mean2 Median2

workers

M id d le

range ^

$

S
3.50

s
3.60

*
*
3.70 3.80

3.70

3.80

$

$

o f w o rk e rs
S

3.90 4.00 4.10

r e c e iv in g

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

o f

S
$
%
4.20 4.30 4.40

%
4.50

$
4.60

$
4.70

*
*
4 . B0 4 . 9 0

5. 0 0

S
5. 1 0

*
5. 2 0

4.40 4.50

4.60

4.70

4.80

4.90

5.00

5. 1 0

5. 2 0

5.40 5 . 6 0 5.80

69
68
1
-

15
10
5
1

6
5
i
-

13
7
6
6

6
2
4
-

S

*
S
5 . 4 0 5.60

$
5.80 6.00

and

3 .50

3.60

and

-

un der

3.90 4.00

4.10 4.20

4.30

6.00

ov er

2
1
1
“

-

35
*35
21
8
13
-

HEN
617
454
163
61

4.70
4.52
5.22
4.54

$
4.57
4.60
4.42
4.43

$

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

4 . 3 2 - 4. 8 8
4 . 2 6 - 4. 8 4
4 . 3 4 - 5.39
4 . 3 6 - 4.51

27
24
3
-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

2,053
1,859
194
111

4.67
4.64
4.90
4.91

4.75
4.75
4.70
5.0 2

4 . 3 2 - 4.90
4 . 3 3 - 4.89
4 . 3 2 - 5.09
4 . 2 9 - 5.29

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

545
319
226
58

4.59
4.57
4.60
4.78

4.52
4.47
4.55
4.57

4 . 2 1 - 4.93
4 . 2 0 - 4.83
4 . 2 3 - 5.13
4 . 5 3 - 4.71

15
3
12
*

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

293
283

4.07
4. 1 1

4.12
4.13

3 . 8 5 - 4. 2 2
3 . 8 7 - 4. 2 3

22
12

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

1,518
1,378
140
138

3.95
3.95
3.95
3.97

3.9 6
3.9 6
3.93
3. 9 3

3.803.813.583.59-

4. 1 4
4.14
4.39
4. 4 5

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

544
544

4.68
4.68

4.67
4.67

4.124.12-

5.09
5. 0 9

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

2,015
1,920
95

4.99
5.02
4 .4 3

4.96
4.97
4.26

4 . 7 8 - 5.53
4 . 8 1 - 5. 5 7
4. 2 2 - 4.29

-

---------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

829
409
420
387

4.98
4.87
5.0 8
5.15

5. 1 2
4.96
5.33
5.34

4.584.544.604.71-

5.39
5.22
5.63
5.64

10
10
10

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

2,262
2,152
110

4.54
4.53
4.83

4.61
4. 6 1
5. 0 0

4 . 3 0 - 4. 7 5
4 . 3 0 - 4. 7 3
4 . 6 0 - 5.23

40
35

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

299
225
74
25

4.48
4.47
4. 5 1
4. 7 1

4. 4 2
4.46
4.36
4.65

4.304.314.274.32-

4. 7 3
4. 7 4
4. 6 5
5.24

26
21
5
-

P IP E F IT TE R S, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

993
943
50
30

4.54
4.55
4.46
4.49

4.59
4.60
4.29
4. 4 0

4.364*384.184.24-

4. 6 9
4. 6 9
4.62
4.58

38
38

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

106
79

4.65
4.66

4.72
4.75

4.264.42-

5.00
4. 8 9

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

674
674

5.18
5. 1 8

5.14
5. 1 4

4.544.54-

5.93
5.93

_

$

NONMANUFACTURING

*

W o rk e rs

w e re

d is tr ib u te d

as

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




fo llo w s :

1

at

$ 6 .4 0

to

$ 6 .6 0 ;

$

3

at

$ 7

-

-

-

-

3
2
1
-

14
14
-

19
19
“

28
28
-

21
14
7

28
22
6

67
7
60
24

26
4
22
22

102
98
4
4

85
81
4
4

16
16
-

35
32
3
-

11
11
“

65
65
-

29
27
2
*

88
88
-

89
83
6
“

115
83
32
30

179
143
36
”

38
36
2
_

132
130
2
2

135
118
17
5

155
147
8
8

424
418
6
4

192
189
3
-

62
29
33
32

50
47
3
1

98
91
7
6

28
26
2
2

49
28
21
21

20
20
-

-

73
72
1
“

-

7
4
3
-

8
4
4
“

21
3
18
-

29
23
6

12
11
1
“

43
31
12
2

27
24
3
-

31
31

79
17
62
41

38
36
2
1

14
10
4
2

13
11
2
1

29
25
4
-

20
14
6
5

28
4
24
-

45
8
37
3

_
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

-

63
40
23
*

-

26
26

33
33

26
26

10
10

83
83

43
43

4
4

16
16

8
8

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

“

10
10

“

-

-

-

-

-

59
49
10
8

32
1
31
31

65
57
8
8

212
203
9
9

252
248
4
4

252
222
30
30

113
102
11
11

390
390

5
5

98
95
3
3

6
6
“

-

20

_

_

4

_

20
20

-

-

-

*

4
4

-

“

_

-

_

*

-

60
60

19
19

47
47

4
4

27
27

46
46

-

“

5
5

35
35

41
41

33
33

36
36

5
5
”

42
33
9

-

1
1
“

33
28
5

-

76
76

85
27
58

59
59
"

72
72
“

32
30
2

28
28
“

90
90

300
300

“

a
8
-

19
15
4
-

8
8
“

6
4
2
2

20
13
7
1

6
6
-

3
2
1
1

55
49
6
6

8
4

-

i
i
-

4
4

79
21
58
58

38
27
11
11

69
22
47
47

-

-

77
77

27
27
“

35
35

192
181
11

35
35
“

152
152
~

222
222

135
135
“

150
138
12

515
504
11

-

i
i
“

1
1
-

6

5
5
-

-

10
8
2
“

25
18
7
6

71
41
30
3

33
33
-

20
20

3
3
-

12
12
-

-

24
24
-

68
56
12

21
21
-

-

-

*

-

63
51
12
12

62
62

*

3
3
3

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

13
8

9
1

2
2

-

-

30
30

12
12

9
9

6
6

*
*

5

-

-

to

-

-

$ 7 .2 0 ;

1

at

5
1

_

$ 7 .2 0

to

$ 7 .4 0 ;

24

at

$ 8

“

to

$ 8 .2 0 ;

-

-

-

7
4
3
3

_

_

_

■-

12
12

-

-

-

10

_

_

_

_

_

10
id

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

46
46

31
31

29
29

2
2

3
3

53
53

14
14

315
309
6

104
103
i

187
186

65

62

49
47

3

2

414
406
8

36
36
“

22

i

30
25
5
3

36
27
9
9

i
i
-

86
86
-

50
44
6
-

90
5
85
85

45
45
45

13
13
-

-

148
43
105
105

250
249
1

100
100
-

51
35
16

85
77
8

69
62
7

65
26
39

16
16
-

_
-

46
46
-

-

13
2
11
8

54
54
-

_

7
7
-

11
11
-

-

7
7
7

2
2
-

-

3
2
1
1

-

~

-

4
-

225
215
10
10

251
245
6

45
45
-

52
52
-

56
56
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

19
17
2
2

_
-

~

32
30
2
1

-

-

6
1

15
15

13
13

1
1

_

_

5

7
7

-

-

99
99

34
34

5

43
43

44

5

4

233
233

i
i

*

and

-

5

6

at

$ 8 .4 0

to

$ 8 .6 0 .

-

44

_

-

-

13
13
-

-

6
3
3
2

2

8

4

-

4

11
11

i

2
2

20
20

24
24

26
26

82
82

2
2

-

-

4

_

-

22
”

-

4

_

20
T a b le A -4 a .
(A v e r a g e

M a in ten an ce

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

fo r

and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
s e le c t e d

o c c u p a t io n s

s tu d ie d

in

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e m p lo y in g

500 w o rk e rs

Hourly earnings^

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

m o re

N u m b er

i
S ex,

o r

U n der

d iv is i

Middle range ^

$

i

3.50

3.60 3.70

$

s

t

$

3.80 3.90

by

in d u s t r y

o f w o rk e rs

t

t

d iv is io n ,

r e c e iv in g

$

4.00 4.10 4.20

$

P itts b u r g h ,

P a .,

s tr a ig h t- tim e

h o u r ly

t

t

4.50

4.30 4.40

J a n u a ry

4.60 4.70

*

1972)

e a r n in g s

1

*

o f—

*

4.80 4.90

"T

5.00

t

5.10

t

*

5.20 5.40

$

*

5.60 5.80 6.00

and

3.50

and

un der

3.60 3.70

3.80

3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20

4.30 4.40 4.50

4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90

5.00 5.10

5.20 3 . 4 0

12
10

13
7

2

6

62
29
33
32

91
7

5.60 5.80 6.00

o v e r

$

$

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

496
382
114
57

4.85
4.63
5.58
4.53

4.63
4.64
4.49
4. 4 2

4.494.534.364.36-

4.93
4.89

28

8 .0 1

6

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------

1,618
1,474
144
103

4.77
4.75
5.04
4.93

4.82
4.82
5. 0 2
5.03

4.524.534.294.29-

4.96
4.94
5. 3 7
5. 3 5

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

400
272
128

4.58
4.51
4.71
4.78

4.53
4.45
4.59
4.57

4.194.184.514.53-

4.86
4.69
5.32
4.71

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

196
196

4.02
4.02

3.98
3.98

3.813.81-

4.25
4. 2 5

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1,463
1,367

3.94
3.95

3. 9 5
3.96

3.8 1 3.8 2 -

4.13
4. 1 4

3.58-

3. 9 7

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

500
500

4.74
4.74

4 .2 3 4 .2 3 -

5 .1 3
5 .1 3

-

-

-

*

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1,823
1,737

5. 0 5
5.08

4 .8 1 4 .8 3 -

5 .6 0
5.61

_

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

414
299
115
85

4.99
5.24

4.78
5.81

4 .6 1 4 .6 8 4 .3 5 4 .6 0 -

5.2 4
5 .1 8
5.8 4
5.8 5

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1,760
1,712

4.61
4.60

4.63
4.63

4 .3 6 4 .3 6 -

4 .7 7
4 .7 7

5
5

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

243
203

4.58
4.57

4.49
4.49

4 . 3 3 - 4 .7 5
4 . 3 5 - 4 .7 5

8
3

_

P IP E F IT T E R S, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

879
829
50
30

4.62
4.63
4.46
4.49

4. 6 1
4.62
4.29
4.40

4 . 5 2 - 4 .7 1
4 . 5 3 - 4 .7 2
4 . 1 8 - 4 .6 2
4 . 2 4 - 4 .5 8

5
5
-

_
-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

98

4.69

4.75
4.78

4 .4 2 4 .5 3 -

5.0 3
5.0 5

_

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

594
594

5.23
5.23

4 .5 8 4 .5 8 -

5 .9 4
5.9 4

_

*

W o rk ers

w e re

d is t r ib u te d

as

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




fo llo w s :

1 at

5. 2 6
5.26

$ 6 .4 0

to

$ 6 .6 0 :

3 at

22
22

4.49

$7

to

1

22
116
114
2
2

115
115
30
30
10

33
31

10

2
2

374
370
4

135
118
17
5

192
189
3

20
1

20
28
21
21

20

2

20
14

21

28
26

2

8
37
3

11
11
212

252

113

222

102

390
390

18
18

8
8

4
4

23
23

46
46

-

5
5

35
35

41
41

33
33

36
36

13
13

46
46

31
31

29
29

2
2

3
3

53
53

14
14

_

_
-

20
20

_

-

-

76
76

76
18

30
30

72
72

19
17

28
28

90
90

295
295

231
229

104
103

187
186

65
62

49
47

414
406

36
36

22
22

16
12
4
-

8
8
-

6
4
2
2

20
13
7
1

3
3
-

3
2
1
1

11
5
6
6

6
4
2
2

25
15
10
10

36
25
11
11

23
19
4
4

30
25
5
3

27
27
-

1
1
-

86
86
-

43
43
-

6
6
-

5
5
-

45
45
45

13
13
-

29
29

7
7

35
35

133
122

17
17

147
147

118
118

131
131

141
138

371
360

250
249

93
93

34
34

85
77

69
62

33
26

16
16

-

46
46

-

1
1

-

2
L

5
“

_

25
18

44

20
20

54
54

_

3

11
11

-

-

7
-

2

-

7
7

-

41

33
33

9

-

8
8

-

4
-

3
3
3

3
3
-

12
12
-

_
-

24
24
-

18
6
12
-

63
51
12
12

35
35
-

17
17
-

225
215
10
10

251
245

45
45
-

52
52
-

56
56
-

13
13
-

32
30

-

6
3
3
2

-

_

_

5
-

9
1

2
2

5
5

7
7

6

13
13

2

8

_

-

“

4

11
11

4

1

15
15

18
18

5
5

_

44

20

-

44

20

24
24

26
26

82
82

203

_
-

_
-

*

252
248

“

60
60

9
~

1
1
"

-

-

-

$ 7 .2 0 ;

_

1 at

$ 7 .2 0

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

to

$ 7 .4 0 ;

24

_
-

_

$ 8

to

_

_

6

99

30

at

30

-

-

6

99

6 at

$ 8 .4 0

$ 8 .2 0 ;

and

to

$ 8 .6 0 .

2
6
“

2

2

1

1

2
-

19
17
2
2

-

2
2

1
1

~

2

4
4

233
233

-

2

1
1

21
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

( Average strai ght-ti me hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., Ja n u a r y 1972)
Mumber o f wo r k e r s rec ei vi n g s t ra ig h t- ti m e hourly earnings o f —

Hourly earnings^

S e x , occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

%

1 .60
Mean *

Median^

Middle range ^

t
1 .80

*
2 .0 0

«
2 20

i
2 .4 0

*
2 .6 0

*
2 .8 0

*
3 .0 0

*
3 .20

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

t
3.80

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

*
4 .60

*
4 .8 0

*
5 .00

t
5 .20

$
5 .4 0

i
5 .60

$
5 .8 0

»
6 .0 0

2 .00

2 .20

2 40

2 .6 0

2 .80

3 .00

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .40

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .00

5 .20

5 .40

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .0 0

over

25

17

TO
t*r

20
8

c
29

49
37

54
10

*57
87

10

35

21

45

134

-

-

-

-

-

130

16
12

248
16
232
222

38
18
20

79
63
16

10

20

16

and
under
1 .80

MEN
$

$

$
1 .8 8 -

$
3.91

192

9*7?
O 1
2 .1 A

3*91
1 .88

1•82-

2l07

1r 1

9+T

3 .7 9

3 .93

3 .5 7

3 .99

1*1^9
l , 245

92

J

699

406
36

8
8

3

GUARDS
a9
.

46

433

22

167

15

-

16
14

WATCHMEN
212
PORTERS,

AND CL EANERS

SERVICES

-------

3 .3 6

3 .52

3 .0 9 -

3 .01
3 .3 8
2 .6 6
3 .3 5
2 .8 9
2 .2 7
2 .9 0
2 .22

3 .20
3 .35
2 .81
3 .38
2 .85
2 .45
3 .11
1 .97

2 .7 1 3 .2 7 2 .0 0 3 .1 1 2 .3 5 1 .6 9 2 .8 1 1 .7 4 -

3 .36
3.4 0
3 .15
3.5 4
3 .52
2.66
3.1 7
2 .68

3 .8 4
3 .8 8
3 .7 9
5 .0 3
3 .8 2
3 .0 7

3 .8 3
3.87
3.68
5 .4 1
3.81
2 .70

3
3
2
5
3
2

4 .39
4 .32
5.14
5.45
4 .48
3 .89

M A NU F AC TU RI NG ———— 1 4 —— 33
——
——— —
——
12
20
5

3 .78

3,8 0 8
1 ,853
1,955
230
101
331
754
539
3,798
2 ,3 8 9
1,4 0 9
413
315
639

JANITORS,

.2 8 .3 5 .6 9 .1 3 .5 7 .1 1 -

321

167

67

32 1

167

67

115
16
190

49
110

50

l rn

K t 1A 1 L

y*50
3 .75

3 l**
3 .1 6 -

17
18

34

3.81

341
28

81
51

60

20
51

180
74

509
434
75

235
80

151
86

8
49

31
40

24
10

18
47

70

46

312
11 2
200

60

101

ro

1n i

57

107
88
T9

50

60

92

57

19

23

1
1

5*39
4.51

3 .3 8 -

8

46
20

52
40
12
12

5

34
23
11
11

1

189
72

407
24

349
347

, 3

203
100
103
100

24

1^9
72

3 .7 9
3 .6 4

1
66

3# 8 2




3 .4 0 -

4 ll5
4 .6 3
3 .77

2

1

2

*
2

2

1

t4
48

70

5
5

5

? nn

-til

4 05
4 .3 8

a

' r»K
AO/

3 37
3 .1 4 3 .3 8 -

t*60
5.0 4
4 .55

19
Vfl
A

*

^3
15
8

20

3 .73

1

2

9

130
125

37

LJ
31
51

1

12

117
85

47
39

55

1

80
1

33
30

51
51

3
18

17
i n
111

18

j

4-1

106

L8

31
^8

2

8
3 .3 9 -

155
118
37

1

60

8

3.9 8

36^

3* 0 y

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

3 l4 6 3 .2 7 3 .5 2 -

3 ^ 0

112
30

3 .8 6
3 .71
3.71

38

36

1-4
???

1

22

24
8
8

4.42

10

53
117
117

,

1-2
3.6 2
3 .70

2

or\

^ 5 0

1KAUL

129
33

n
49
46

78

16
86
72
14

1284
1126
158
20

16
61

U

pj

53
304
179
125

600
131
469

238
2
236

TQ

t" i n
A OO

140
32

10

20

" I f
'3 1
168

69
5
6 1

j7
?
9

20
13

32

13

13

21
40

12
27

41
39

14
8

22
22

14

8
2

60
10

14

5

18
1

12

39
1

14

15
1
14

14

H

12

P8

1

50

to

19
18

18

18

33

14

33

8

12
12

2
2

22
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rgh , P a ., January 1972)

Number of wor ker s recei vi ng st rai ght-ti me hourl y earni ngs of—

Hourly earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

*

t

1.60 1.80

M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

-

*

i

$

*

t

s

(

t

*

i

t

*

*

*

*

2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

*

*

$

$

I

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 over

MEN - CO NT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

4,284
1,317
2.96T
1,484
867
526

$
4.70
4.53
4.78
5.18
4.19
4.69

$
4.82
4.38
4.87
5.43
4.09
4.77

$
4.043.874.095.193.954.05-

$
5.44
5.81
5.44
5.47
4.55
5.03

-

-

43
42

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS > ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

384
217
167
51

3.89
3.81
4.00
3.78

4.01
3.09
4.04
3.96

3.052.743.953.37-

4.32
5.82
4.08
4.04

-

-

1,326
603
723

4.71
5.04
4.43
4.90
4.20
4.16

4.57
5.42
4.35
5.43
4.30
3.79

4.024.373.954.214.013.74-

5.47
5.84
5.00
5.46
4.37
5.02

-

844
448

5.00
4.41
5.14
5.36

5.18
4.17
5.42
5.44

4.673.684.805.41-

5.46
5.07
5.47
5.47

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

560
179
381
244

4.32
4.20
4.37
4.02

4.06
3.99
4.08
4.00

3.863.913.803.74-

4.98
4.91
5.12
4.09

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

1,664
1,446
218
80
64

4.03
3.88
4.97
5.47
4.27

3.93
3.90
5.41
5.45
4.53

3.613.434.555.433.77-

4.46
4.41
5.48
5.48
4.58

592
577

4.21
4.21

4.05
4.05

3.84- 4.64
3.84- 4.64

2,484
234
2,250
143
117
402

2.57
2.93
2.54
3.06
1.94
1.82

2.80
2.96
2.79
3.13
1.70
1.75

2.342.912.292.981.651.67-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

211
286
141

1,056

212

-

-

-

-

-

9
5
4
4
-

43
42
l
-

-

4
4
-

28
28
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44
42

-

-

17
16

-

-

i

1

-

1
0
-

1
0
8

4
4

368
156

212

327

458

116

370
80
218
72

211

-

-

-

-

334
12
322
61
246

-

137
12
125

33

152

33
-

131

266
3
263
4

103

4

-

7

1

-

246
82
164
52

309
46
263
3
180
-

36
106

-

-

-

180
57
123

105
23
82

-

1
00

-

-

32
32
-

16
15

142
142

97
97

22
8
8
6

4
4
-

1
2

31
16
15
15

106

1
1

176
55

106
41
65
7
54
4

10
2
1
1
01
2

84

6
2

78
39
39
3

20

18

108
31
77
77

6

10
0

1
1
1
1

9
-

-

4

8

-

1
1 12
1
1
1 31

6
6

4

36
36
36

9
9
9

51

120
8
6

40
40

34
34

331
331
-

42
42
-

168
145
23

408
408
-

1
1

53
53

3
3

26
26

1
0
1
0

34
24

8

98

20

81
18

112
-

1
2
1
2

1
1
11
2
-

9
ii
ii

See footn otes at end o f tab les.




2.87
3.16
2.86
3.18
2.25
1.87

6

2
1
2

44
37

2

1101
2 11
1

279

277
16
3
4

990
18

1
2

103
18
85
85

32
18
14

8

6

-

1
0
1
0

1
1

6

6
6
6

331
139
192
80

189
178

269
43
226
175

6

11
2

45

15
15

-

132

-

-

429
379
50

20
7
13

-

-

-

34

7

73
73

8
6

13
13

210
210

4
4

6
6

40
40
40

25 1131
24
44
1 1087
- 1087
1
-

1

-

1

-

1

1

2

1
1

87
39
48
48

6
6

-

180
40
140
140
-

-

270
270

-

-

-

387
4
383
383

-

96
96
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

80
80
80
-

40
40
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
2
1
2

65
65
-

132
7
125
-

-

-

431
335
96
96

-

-

24
24
-

-

-

-

91
36
55
50

-

99

4

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS —
MA NUFACTURING -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2

148
148

-

23
-

8
8

31
98
78

1
1

3
3
-

-

1
1

15
15
-

13
13
13

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
0

1

27
3
24

7
78

-

-

-

16
50
14
36
-

1
2
2

-

-

6
6

54
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

28
28
-

-

2
2

2

-

-

-

1
2
1
2
-

-

-

_

-

5
5

23
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in du stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rgh , P a ., January 1972)
Nu mber of w o rk e r s r ec e iv i n g s t ra ig h t- ti m e hourly earnings of---

Hourly

o
0
0

2.20 2.30 2.60 2 .60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.60 3.60 3.80 6.00 6.20 6.60 6.60

t
*
$
t
$
*
t
6.80 5.00 5.20 5.60 5.60 5.80 6.00
and

|

Middle range ^

o
n
O

Mean2 Median2

S
$
t
$
$
t
*
t
$
$
$
t
t
»
r2.10 2.20 2.30 2 .60 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.60 3.60 3.80 6.00 4.20 6.60
Unde
*
and
2.10 unde r

6
*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

5.00 5.20 5.60 5.60 5.80 6.00 over

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

1,137
1,005
132

$
3.76
3.77
3.50

$
3.91
3.92
3.63

$
3.513.562.76-

$
3.99
3.99
3.99

16
6
10

-

8
5
3

-

21
20
1

25
25

68
35
13

49
65
4

56
53
1

153
166
9

56
52
2

677
661
36

176
167
7

1
1

25
22
3

17
15
2

7
7

8
8

-

-

-

_
-

-

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------

919

3.83

3.93

3.59- 3.99

-

-

5

-

-

-

35

21

61

136

46

633

167

-

22

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,097
1,538
559
192
192
111

3.26
3.38
2.90
3.31
2.57
3.01

3.33
3.35
2.92
3.31
2.66
3.13

3.173.302.663.112.692.90-

3.39
3.39
3.25
3.50
2.67
3.27

36

8

17

8

8

17

8

32
8
26

170

36

118
70
68

168 1123
76 1050
94
73

252
179
73

57
68
9

72
72
-

12
12
-

23
23
-

-

16
10

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

1,901
1,439
662

3.80
3.88
3.55

3.56
3.68
3.31

3.31- 6.21
3.36- 6.18
2.80- 6.73

28
28

48
48

126
110
16

181
177
4

136
118
16

19
17
2

WATCHMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

12
6
6

5

16

168

-

126
13

8
32

*
167
132
35

3
3

51
40
u

20
~
20

64
17
47

2

2

i

2

i

-

-

-

-

_

_

2

i

-

-

-

_

_

_

95
92
3

61
5
36

155
118
37

5
5

16
12
4

26
16
10

38
18
20

79
63
16

2
2
-

1

332
289
63

265
213
52

RETAIL TRADE ------------------

375

3.67

3.63

2.78- 6.80

10

48

6

3

ii

17

66

32

2

67

3

i

16

2

3

36

37

5

4

10

20

16

-

ORDER FILLERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

365
102
263
263

6.52
6.57
6.50
6.50

6.80
5.11
6.79
4.79

3.663.783.163.14-

5.62
5.16
5.65
5.45

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11
11

12
12
12

4
4
4

36
10
26
26

26
26
26

_
-

_
“

17
17
-

i
i
-

_
-

13
10
3
3

17
17
17

50
9
61
61

1
1
1

55
55
-

18
18
18

106
106
106

-

_
-

PACKERS » S H I P P I N G -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

296
266

3.67
3.73

3.62
3.68

3.17- 6.05
3.20- 4.06

_
*

_

_
-

_

_
"

-

16

80
70

13
12

36
36

20
20

33
30

51
51

18
18

6
6

23
23

_
"

_
-

167
79
68
67

6.01
3.90
6.12
4.14

3.93
3.93
3.65
3.69

3.493.693.083.08-

2
2
2

5
5
5

ii
10

12
3
9
9

5
5
5

21
19
2
2

32
32
-

9
8
i
i

7
7
-

7
7
-

5
5
5

13
1
12
12

3.91
3.91

3.93
3.93

3.75- 6.19
3.80- 4.17

_
-

7
5

13
11

7
4

4
3

8
7

53
53

16
13

13
12

6
6

2
1

6

i

6
6

_
_

94
62

6.18
6.08

6.15
4.05

3.90- 6.60
3.90- 6.51

-

_
_

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -----

_

_
_
"
-

4
2
2
2

139
122

_
_
_

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

"
_

_
_
_

_
-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_

12

_

_

4

26
26

15
16

_

17
17

6

4

12

_

_

_

30

6.38

4.94

3.16- 5.06

-

w

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

12

1,622
848
776
185

6.71
4.89
6.52
6.02

6.61
4.86
6.55
4.08
ro

6.034.004.043.98-

-

.
-

-

-

5

-

2
1

2
2
2

23
9
16
16

18
3
15
11

91
7
86
1
78

220
192
28

213
61
152
80

120
70
50
50

107
26
81

109

106

177
80
97
97

81
36
45
65

6.06

3.98- 5.82

-

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

See footn otes at end o f tabli




202
51

6.52
3.78

3.96

4.44
4.14
6.88
6.88

5.81
5.84
4.85
6.22

3.37- 6.06

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

1

1

n

22

l

72

-

-

1

2

13

4

4

31

82

-

-

1

2

13

-

_

15

20

-

-

-

109
3

-

_

11
11

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

16
16
16
_
*
_

-

-

-

631
335
96
_

12
12
-

65

_

24
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v erage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w o rk e rs or m ore by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1972)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ou rly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

N u m ber
of

$

i

.2.10 2 .2 0

M ea n 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

Unde:
$
and
2.1 0 under

2.20 2.30

MEN -

*

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0

2 . A0 2 . 6 0

*

2.80

*

3 .0 0

*

$

$

$

3.00

3.20

3.20

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

$

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

3 . 8 0 A . 00 A . 20

i

i

*

i

$

3 . 8 0 A . 00

*

A . 20

A.A 0 A . 60 A . 80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0

*

A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0

i

t

t

5 . A0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0

5 . AO 5 . 6 0

6.00

5 .8 0 6 . 0 0

ov er

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS -

»

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME0IUM U - I / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

7A2
A81
261
36

$
A . 86
5.21
A . 22
3. 93

$
A . 83
5. 81
A . 26
3. 9 7

$
$
A . 3 1 - 5.83
A . 5 8- 5.86
3 . 7 6 - A . 57
3 . A 8 - A . 28

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

A17
96
321

4 .9 8
A . 70
5 .0 6

4 .8 4
5. 01
4 .8 4

A . 66A .07A . 68-

5.80
5.08
5.82

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

99
99

3 .9 5
3.9 5

3 .9 5
3 .9 5

3.903.90-

3.9 9
3.9 9

1
1

~

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (F OR KL IF T) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,2 26
1,1 52
7A

3 .9 8
3 .9 1
5 .0 4

3 .9 3
3.91
5.61

3 . 6 6 - A . A3
3 . 6 4 - 4 .41
A . 5 8 - 5.66

A
A

7
6
i

195
195

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

586
573

A . 21
A . 21

A . 05
4 .0 6

3.8 5 3.84-

A . 6A
4.6 4

-

-

A35
178
257
57

2 .8 7
3. 13
2 .6 9
2 .2 9

2 .9 6
2. 98
2. 73
2. 25

2.322.9A2.252.22-

3.15
3.36
3.1 A
2 .29

99
1A
85

10
9
1

11
11
11

8A

1

A5
3A
11
7

21
1
20
2

68
57
11
11

103
23
80

-

3
3
-

1
1
-

6
4
2

30
27
3

20
9
ii

-

-

-

78
78

16
16

31
31
-

121
121

389
389
-

73
72
1

3
3

53
53

22
22

189
178

See footnotes at end o f tables.




17
17
7

5
5
-

85
85
A1

10
5
5
3

9
3
6
2

21
2
19
3

118
99
19
1

2A
18
6

10
10
-

3A
2A
10

3
-

80
80

A0

-

A0

7
7

-

-

-

-

A1
36
5

-

A
4
-

-

96
96

12
12
*

6

-

_
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

6

_
-

A0

-

4
4

-

6
6

-

-

2

5
5

3
3

i
i

106
106

97
97

11
11
-

323
307
16

9
3
6

73
73

6
6

13
13

210
210

2

1

2

1

-

-

WOMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

-

A
A

1

8A

_

-

A0

270
270
_

-

25

Footnotes

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir reg u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e
at re g u la r and/or prem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings corresp on d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber o f w o rk e rs ,
The m edian
designates p osition — h a lf of the em p loyees su rveyed r e c e iv e m o re than the rate shown; h alf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown,
The m iddle
range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r o f these rates and a fourth earn m o re than the h igher rate.
3 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.







A pp en d ix. O ccu p atio n al D escrip tio n s
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f i e l d s t a ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t i t l e s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b con te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tr u c te d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p ed , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C on tin u ed

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s if ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n ty p in g
and a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e ­
d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r
m a y not be c o m p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , and t o ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f th e b i l l b e in g
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s
and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o es not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E

O PERATOR

O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s tr u c tu r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m
u sed . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to be u sed in e a ch
p h ase o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a cc o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c co u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n d er b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cc o u n ts ; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a cc o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r i f y i n g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a cco u n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l
p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .




NO TE:

The

P o s it io n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s tr u c tio n s and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n ts u s in g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M a y p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d in to le v e ls on the
b a s is o f th e f o llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h ­
n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m c o n ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n ctio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
fin e r s u b h ea d in gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r ­
c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l th at has a lr e a d y b een c l a s s if ie d o r w h ich
is e a s ily c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C LE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g th e ite m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh e e t; and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to be f i l l e d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it
d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it ra tin g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y h a ve b een f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e c k sh ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w o rk in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s du e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s is t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is tr ib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

B u rea u has d is c o n tin u e d c o lle c t in g d ata fo r o i l e r s

27

on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a su b sta n tia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cc o u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u gh p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y b e a s s is t e d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

and p lu m b e r s .

28
CO M PTO M ETER

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed

O PERATO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
quent u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w h ic h , u se o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a te s a k eyp u n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s

are

m a c h in e

to

record

o r v e r ify

a lp h a b e tic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " thou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o le , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t ify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a cc o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin it io n s .

data on
C la s s

c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on th e b a s is

o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
a ll,

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be
k eyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e
k eyp u n ch w o r k .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r f o llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m en ts w h ich h a ve
b e e n c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e
l i t t l e o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d ata to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

a ll,

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
q u ir ie s , and ro u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's

d.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k e s

a n sw ers

a p p o in tm en ts

as in s tr u c te d ;

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;
by

o th e r s

fo r the

N o t a l l p o s itio n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e as fo llo w s :

b.

S te n o g r a p h e r s

c.
S te n o g r a p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

m eet

th e

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

as o f f i c e

C

2.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

E x a m p le s

d e s c r ib e d

STENO G RAPH ER
above;

not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u ties;
s e r v in g

o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a l a r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s

E x c lu s io n s

w h ich

4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t
to on e o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l
u n it n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

P o s it io n s

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e l a ­
tio n s , e t c .) ^ r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

C la s s

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

a.

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

ro u tin e in ­

f ile s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
P e r fo r m s

o f a m a jo r

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

M E S S E N G E R (O f f ic e B o y o r G ir l)

f.

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g s h o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic ta tio n . M a y
a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e ro u tin e o r su b­
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S ten ogra p h er, G en era l

e.
A s s is t a n t ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f
s e c r e ta r ia l w o rk .




D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

29
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
or

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such a s in le g a l b r ie fs
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh
d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a lls , e it h e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a f u ll- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( ' ’ F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ctio n s th a t a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ich e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te f o r c a l l s . )
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e rs w hen
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not in c lu d e
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a lls .

s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s who

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
i*j

OPERATOR

(E le c t r ic Accounting M ach in e O p e ra to r)

>

O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M eq u ip m en t.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in c lu d in g d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu re and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o es not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ic h w ir in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n der s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s
u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l a cco u n tin g
m a c h in e s such as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla tin g ru n s,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E

O PERATO R,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n co p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n
in sh orth a n d o r by S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
o r s o r tin g and d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s : o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , pu n ctu ation , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y
and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
C o p y ty p in g fr o m rough o r c le a r
d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e t c .; o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER

CO M PUTER

OPERATO R

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to d e te r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m e n t in to c ir c u it , and s ta r ts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogram .
F o r w age

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e

c la s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d
and in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so th at id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no te s tin g




O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r c h a n g e o r can n ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r run n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u sed and a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, into
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s by a u to m a tic data
p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in g fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la tio n

30
COM PUTER

PROGRAM ER,

COM PUTER

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

o f d a ta to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to sh ow o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r ts t h e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g sh ou ld be c la s s if ie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rogra m ers

are

c la s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ste p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s the fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n eed ed to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts fr o m n u m ero u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p ro d u c e d ata in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m in pu t d a ta w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d a ta h a v e b een r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so th at the a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta can be t e s te d by u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n eed ed to en a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o cu m en ts to
be u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o r k and
d a ta flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
n ew and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t ch a n g e s to ob tain m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g sh ou ld be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts

are

c l a s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input d a ta and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d
p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

e v e r y ite m o f e a ch ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r c d and
a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y th e c o m p u te r.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p lic a ­
tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , fo r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts who a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly
r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c co u n ts in a bank,
m a in ta in in g acco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y acco u n ts
in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n d er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e ff e c t o f each ch a n ge on th e d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r sh a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll
s e c tio n s , fl o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a t io n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC

r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a tio n s : M o d ify in g , in s t a llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g ta s k s :
A s s e m b lin g , te s tin g , a d ju s tin g ,
c a lib r a t in g , tu n in g, and a lin in g .
W o rk is n o n r e p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p e r ta in in g to the u se o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic t e s t eq u ip m e n t; tr o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , r e la t io n s h ip , and a lin e m e n t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s h avin g
a v a r ie t y o f c o m p o n en t p a r ts .

31
E L E C T R O N IC

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te r e d )

T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

E le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t o r s y s te m s w o r k e d on t y p ic a lly in c lu d e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r gro u n d r a d a r s y s te m s ; r a d io and t e le v is io n tr a n s m it t in g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m i s s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft gu id a n c e and c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ic a tin g and c o n t r o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .
(E x c lu d e p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s . )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lan n in g and c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p lan t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l. N u r s in g s u p e r v is o r s
o r h ead n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; u sin g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k ­
in g sta n d a rd shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e t in g w r itte n
in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ;
sh apin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and s p eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , con d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e le c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g
in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T I O N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t
such as s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e r a tin g eq u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
ch e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

TRAD ES

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d
to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s
h e is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e to o ls , such as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d setu ps o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed
d r e s s in g , t o d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E

(M a in te n a n c e )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is ­
a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u se o f such h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r
d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m sto c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k e s
and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
r e p a ir sh op s.

d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o

r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­

M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s ob ta in ed
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh op o r s en d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
eq u ip m e n t w hen c h a n g es in the p lan t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the, fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y
o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
eq u ip m e n t such a s d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s
th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il

32
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

h o le s and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the
m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h an d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , sh a p in g, fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te
p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd t e s ts to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n
o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s
(su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts, m e t a l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g

TO O L AND

D IE M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix t u r e m a k e r ;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , jig s , ’ fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
pu n ch in g, and o th e r m e t a l- f o r m in g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g t o c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n ded
t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,
sh ops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

and d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — C o n tin u ed

W ATCHM AN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n who a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k
on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y
th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E IV IN G

a g a in s t f i r e ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n it r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and
w a re h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

s ta c k e r ;

s h e lv e r ;

tru ck er;

sto c k m a n

or

s to c k h e lp e r ;

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m f r e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g, s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e by h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and u n load sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .

s to c k

s e le c t o r ;

w a re h o u s e

sto c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i llin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n loa d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m e n t, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d er IV 2 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( l ’ /z to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRUCKER,

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er
o f u n its to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u ir e s
th e p la c in g o f ite m s in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te ty p e




w ork ers

T R U C K D R IV E R

fo llo w s :

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p ic k e r ;

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o lv e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e go o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g
a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts
a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

POW ER

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

w o rk ers a re

p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l i f t )

c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n RequestThe follow ing areas are surveyed p e rio d ica lly for use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional o ffices shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh eville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B akersfield, C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B iloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk sville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth— u perior, Minn.—Wis.
S
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F argo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
F a yetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leom in ster, M ass.
F o rt Smith, A rk.—
Okla.
F red erick —
Hagerstown, M d - P a .—W. Va.
Great F a lls, Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisburg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Low er Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich,
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
C os., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, A la.
N ashville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, A rk.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, C alif.
Santa Barbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
Wilmington, D e l—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irectors o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians," draftsm en, and c le ric a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P rofession al, Adm in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent o f Documents,
U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its regional sales o ffices.




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1972 745 104/72
—

-




MM

A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at
the request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on
the inside front cover.

A rea
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
---------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—T ro y, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1---------Albuquerque, N. M e x ., M ar. 1971______ ___ __________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.—
N.J., May 1971—
Atlanta, Ga., May 1971----------------------------------------B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1971____________________________
Beaumont— o r t Arthui—Orange, T ex ., M ay 1971 1---P
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1------------------------------Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------------Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971------------------------------------Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1971-----------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1971--------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971________________________
Charlotte, N.C ., Jan. 1971____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-C a., Sept. 1971-----------------------Chicago, 111., June 1971 1 ------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971---------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971----------------------------------Dallas, T ex., Oct. 1971________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
Feb. 1971—____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1_____ -_______________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1
____________________________
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971—____ ______ _____________
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1----------------------------------F o rt Worth, T ex., Oct. 1971--------------------------------Green Bay, W is ., July 1971 ---------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1_________ —__ _____— __ —
Houston, T ex., Apr. 1971 1 ----------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971__________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Jacksonville, F la., Dec. 1971-------------------------------Kansas City, M o.-K ans., Sept. 1971 ----------------------Lawrence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1971---------H
N
L ittle Rock^Nortb L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n aGarden G rove, C a lif., M ar. 1971 1 _________ ——
L o u isville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1 --------------------------Lubbock, T ex ., M ar. 1971 -----------------------------------M anchester, N.H., July 1971--------------------------------M emphis, Tenn.— r k ., Nov. 1971 1------------------------A
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971________________________________
Midland and Odessa, T ex ., Jan. 1972 1------------------M ilwaukee, W is., May 1971 ---------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1---------------1

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-87,
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1725-16,
1685-68,
1725-6,
1685-63,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1685-53,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,

40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
70 cents
45 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1685-51,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1685-66,
1725-29,
1685-60,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,
1725-45,

50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.




A re a
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971______
Newark and J e rs e y City, N.J., Jan. 1971____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ----------------------------New Orleans, L a., Jan. 1972_________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1971___________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972____________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1971 1___________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 -------------------------P a ter son—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1971_________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J ., Nov. 1970------------------------N
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., J an. 1972____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1 ------------------------------Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1971------------------------W
Providen ce— awtucket— arwick, R. I.—
P
W
Mas s .,
May 1971 1 ------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Mar. 1971----------------------------------Rochester, N .Y. (o ffic e occupations only),
July 1971 1 ------------------------------------------------------Rockford, 111., May 1971------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—
111., M ar. 1971 1---------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971---------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971 1_______________________
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971_____________________________________________
San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 197 1 1 -----------------------------San Francisco-O akland, C a lif., Oct.1971 1
___________
San Jose, C a lif., Aug. 1971 1-------------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1971------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1971_____________________________
Seattle— verett, W ash., J an. 1971 1----------------------E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1971______________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1971__________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1971___________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1 --------------------------------Tampa-St. Petersb u rg, Fla., Nov. 1971 1 ___________
Toledo, Ohio— ich ., A pr. 1971 1_____________________
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1971-----------------------------------U tica-R om e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 _______________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Apr. 1971______________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1971________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971____________________________
Wichita, K ans., A pr. 1971----------------------------------W orcester, M ass., May 1971________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1971------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1970_______________
W

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-82,
1685-47,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

30cents
40cents
35cents
30cents
65cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
40cents
35cents
35cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 cents
30cents
30cents

1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

35cents
30cents
50cents
30cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-15,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685 -52,
1725-30,
1685-61,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

30cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30 cents
30 cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
40 cents
30 cents
35cents
40 cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
30 cents
30cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIV A TE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR