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Dayton & Montgomery Co.
ii
Public Libfipw

Area Wag£9
,5urvey

The Memphis, Tennessee—
Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area
November 1969

B ulletin




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

♦ R E G IO N v ,„
IOWA

KANS

K a n s a s C ity

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS

PUERTO RICO

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

*
 Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.


Area Wage Survey
The Memphis, Tennessee—
Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area




November 1969

B u lletin 1660-31
M arch 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 40 cents




C o n ten ts

P r e fa c e

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s -------------------------------------T ab le s:
1.
2.

At the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u al a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s su r v e y r e s u l t s fo r each a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , in N o v e m b e r 1969The Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f
th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S h e l b y C o u n t y ,
T en n . ; and C r it te n d e n C ou n ty , A r k .
T h is stud y w as c o n ­
d u c t e d by th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G e o r g i a ,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f D o n a l d M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t
R egio n al D ir e c to r for O p e ratio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
4
In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
6
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n -----------------------------------m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3.
O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s --------------E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
B - 5. P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________
B-7.
M etho d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n and fr e q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ac k c o v e r .)

a r e av a ila b le for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e M e m p h i s a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r n u r s i n g h o m e s ( O c t o b e r 1 9 6 7 ).
U n io n s c a l e s ,
in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le for
building c o n stru c tio n ; p rin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m ­
p lo y e e s ; a n d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a llie d
o ccu p atio n s.

iii

7
10
11
12
13

15
16
17
18
19
22
23
25




Area Wage Survey---The Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W here w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Th e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o se below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O c c u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stud y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
fo llow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s t r i e s c o m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r so m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r
actually su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
i n d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l j r e l a t e o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed u led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o rk , w h ether they w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s of in dividual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f ir s t

p a r t of th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (table B -5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
th o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its beyon d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Su ch p la n s in clu de th o s e u n d e rw r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if th e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te to w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
ga lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a jo r m e d ic a l i n su r a n c e in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
su rg ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p lete or p a r t ia l p aym en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such plan s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r i t t e n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y be p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s th a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n in d ivid -.
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be paid a b o v e o r b elow the s in g le ra te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h un it of o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n ta g e .
D ata
table B -7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

p rovid ed

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it hi n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d in M e m p h i s , T e n n - A r k . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1969
N um ber of estab lish m en ts
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of study

Industry d ivision

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it hi n s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it hi n s c o p e
of stu d y ’

Stu died

Studied

T otal4
P lan t
Number

All d i v i s i o n s

_

_

—

_____________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g - - __ _ _
—
___
N onm anufacturing
_ __
____ _______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and
other public u tilities 5
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______
_
_ ____
R etail trade
____
_ _____ __
. . .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
Services 8
_____
______ — _ __
_ _

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

.

548

168

115,655

100

79,209

18,007

69,543

50
-

207
341

61
107

51,816
63,839

45
55

40,939
38,270

4, 141
13,866

31,946
37,597

65

27

97
37
56

24

15,503
10, 68 6
21,324
6,662
9,664

14
9
18

50
50
50
50
50

86

22

12
22

6
8

9, 446
( 6)
( 6)
(7)
(6 )

1,916
(6)
(6 )
( 6)
(6)

10,683
4, 516
12,153
4, 4 04
5,841

1 T h e M e m p h i s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of S h e l b y C o u n t y , T e n n . ; a n d C r i t t e n d e n C o u n t y , A r k .
The
" w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s
a r e no t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
the u s e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e of the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in cid e n tal to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x clu d e d .
M e m p h i s ' e l e c t r i c a n d g a s u t i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m the s c o p e of
th e s t u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n ; a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o ne o r m o r e of th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r ie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; nonp rofit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t io n s (excluding r e lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




N e a r l y o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in the M e m p h i s a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______16
E l e c t r i c a l eq u ipm ent and
s u p p l i e s . . ________________________ 11
C h e m ic a ls and allied
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______ 9
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s ________ 8
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 7
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s __ 7
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 5
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ---------------- 5

S p e cific in d u strie s
R a d io and TV re c e iv in g
T i r e s a n d i n n e r t u b e s —___________ 6
H o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e —_____________ 5
M isce llan e o u s converted
paper products—
-------------------5
S a w m i l l s a n d p l a n i n g m i l l s ___ __ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l su r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , ex c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e of th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se c o n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A and B
A, B, and C
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
class B
Cleiks, payroll
Tool and die makers
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
P eriod

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

M an u factu rin g

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Sk illed
m a in ten a n ce
trad es
(m e n )

U n sk ille d
plan t
w orkers
(m e n )

146. 1
139. 6

159. 6
150. 5

4.
6.
5.
6.
3.
2.
3.
3.
4.
5.

6.
5.
8.
8.
5.
1.
4.
2.
4.
3.

In d e x e s ( J a n u a r y 1961=100)
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ________________________ __

146. 3
138. 8

155. 2
139. 1

148. 1
140. 5

160. 5
152. 5

144. 6
134. 9

(!)

( )

P e rc e n ts of in c re a se
N o v e m b e r 1968
J a n u a r y 1968 to
J a n u a r y 1967 to
J a n u a r y 1966 to
J a n u a r y 1965 to
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 to
J a n u a r y 196 3 to
J a n u a r y 1962 to
J a n u a r y 1961 to
J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 to

to N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ______
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 7 ----- --------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 6 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 5 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 2 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 1 ___________

5.
6.
3.
5.
3.
2.
2.
2.
5.
4.

1 D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




4
5
9
8
7
7
9
3
7
7

11.
6.
6.
7.
2.
0
5.
3.
2.
4.

6
1
0
0
6
9
9
3
2

5.
5.
6.
6.
2.
2.
2.
3.
4.
4.

4
7
1
2
9
9
6
5
9
2

5.
5.
10.
5.
6.
1.
3.
3.
7.
2.

3
6
7
6
2
3
9
0
3
0

7. 2
5. 5
3. 1
4. 2
3. 0
3. 0
2. 8
1. 7
7 .4
3 .9

12. 2
5. 6
C )

(!)
(
(
(
(
(

)
)
)
)
)

(M

7
1
4
1
2
6
2
5
0
0

0
9
5
4
9
7
6
5
6
7

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Me mphis, Tenn.-A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)

Num ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

woikers

w eekly

(standard)

M ea n2

M edian 2

M id dle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
»
S
t
i -----r
i—
$
i
S
$
*
»
t
*
*
$
S
i
t
S
50
55
60
80
65
70
75
85
90
100 105
95
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
and
under
55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

10
10
10

16
16
16

10
10
10

“

-

190

200

HEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI LLI NG
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------

36
36
36

$
$
$
$
40.0 143.00 143.50 136.00-151.00
40.0 143.00 143.50 136.00-151.00
40.0 143.00 143.50 136.00-151.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

120
57
63

40.0 146.50 146.50 130.00-161.50
40.0 148.00 150.50 129.00-164.50
40.0 145.00 144.50 131.00-160.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

45
30

40.0 122.00 117.50 105.00-150.50
40.0 127.50 137.50 107.00-153.00

-

_

-

OFFICE BOYS ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

68
57

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------

25

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

50
37

40.0 120.50 122.50 103.00-147.50
89.50-150.50
40.0 121.50 130.00

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BILLIN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

86
73

40.0
40.0

82.00
81.00

82.00
80.00

73.50- 94.00
73.00- 89.50

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

26
26

39.0
39.0

81.00
81.00

79.00
79.00

71.00- 91.50
71.00- 91.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

58
42

40.0 104.50 101.00
40.0 107.00 107.50

87.50-114.00
88.00-114.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

151
35
116

40.0
40.0
39.5

86.00
89.50
84.00

74.50- 96.00
85.00- 99.50
73.50- 93.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

220
55
165

39.5 108.00 105.00
40.0 111.00 105.50
39.0 107.00 105.00

92.00-119.00
96.00-127.50
91.00-117.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

467
105
362

39.5
40.0
39.5

89.00
96.50
86.50

86.50
93.00
84.50

78.50- 97.00
86.50-105.00
77.00- 92.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

97
80

39.0
39.0

82.00
82.00

74.00
71.50

66.50- 87.00
65.00- 94.00

-

_

15
5
10

22
10
12

16
7
9

9
6
3

4
4
*

5
2
3

1
1

2
2

4
4

11
11

-

-

-

-

“
“

-

“
-

-

*

-

2
2

1
1

1
*

5
-

8
7

7

24
8

8
4

5
5

13
9

9
8

5

9
8

15
10

5
3

6
1

1
*

_

6
6

-

-

2

_

-

-

4
4

_

*
19
14

18
17

5
5

4
“

9
9

1
1

4
4

“

1
“

“

1
1

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

3

4

_

_

2
2

_

3
3

5
5

_

_

5
2

1
1

9
5

6
i

3
2

7
7

9
9

“

“

4
4

26
26

7
7

16
11

8
8

4
4

i
i

7
7

2
2

5
5

_

_

_

_

5
5

1
1

40.0 103.00
99.50
40.0 102.00 100.50

84.50-121.00
89.00-120.00

-

69.50
69.50

64.50- 83.00
65.00- 84.00

-

_

”

155.50 151.50 127.50-195.50

-

78.00
79.50

19
8
11

2
2

-

_

104
60

*
o
o

_

_

*

-

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

40.0
39.5

_

21
11
10

1

*
-

2

3
2
1

2
l
1

1
1
-

_

*
“

-

-

“
-

-

“

“

-

-

-

9

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

W EN
OM

See footnotes at end of table,




86.50
93.50
84.50

“

_
_

_

~

“

-

-

_

_

“

~

17
17

4
4

_

_

”

“

“

16
8

4
3

2
2

7
2

_

5

3

_
*

3
3
12
12

i
•
2
2
-

_

_

“

“

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
5
5

20
4
16

6
2
4

10
3
7

4
2
2

1
1

-

12
8
4

10
6
4

12
4
8

5
1
4

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

9
9

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

11
3
8

18
2
16

31
10
21

10
1
9

12
8
4

16
16

-

1

9
5
4

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

1
1

12

-

-

12

29
8
21

25
5
20

16
6
10

23
8
15

36
7
29

24
5
19

-

-

2

*

21

*

2

21

45
45

66
11
55

74
8
66

101
23
78

34
20
14

20
8
12

33
10
23

30
6
24

21
21

13
13

20
20

12
4

5

6
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

10
9

-

32
4
28

-

_

-

8
8

-

~

“

-

i
i

1

_
*

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y di v i si o n , M e m p h i s, T e n n . — r k , , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o rk e r:
t

$

t

T ------i ------- 1------- i ------ i

*

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y e a r n i n g s of—
$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

55

S ex , occup ati on, and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

-

16
3
15

41
5
36

38
15
23

12
6
6

10
10

2
1
1

1

4
4

30
9

36
8

50
17

1
1

2
2

2
2

18
4
14

_
-

11
11

7

6
6

50
Mean2

Median 2

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D

Middle range 2

$
74.5 0
75 .0 0
74.0 0

110

-

1

-

-

1

14
3

39
13

19
1

28
6

-

29
3
26

15
6
9

11
11

9
1
8

7

25
3
22

25
8
17

15
13
2

24
12
12

9

6

9

6

11
6
5

20
2
18

123
30
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
71.0 0
72 .0 0
71.0 0

$
7 0 .5 0
72.50
6 9 .5 0

$
6 6 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

272
68

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

^92.50
87.5 0

9 0 .0 0
84 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 94.0 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

154
57
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

100.00
112.00
93.0 0

95.0 0
1 0 9.00
87 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

_
-

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

150
62
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89.50
97.5 0
8 4 .0 0

87 .5 0
93.0 0
81 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 - 99.0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 93.0 0

-

_

-

-

*

-

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

166
57
109

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

99.5 0
107.00
96.0 0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 5.00
8 9 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

7
7

7
7

-

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

383
74
309
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

82.0 0
78.0 0
8 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 82.50
7 3 .5 0 - 89.0 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

-

_
-

8
8

51
7
44
*

52
13
39
7

60
27
33
4

99
19
80
1

41
3
38
5

OF FI CE GIRLS -------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
75.5 0

72.5 0
73.0 0

6 9 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

76.0 0
79.0 0

-

-

-

*

6
i

14
8

32
29

5
3

5
5

3
2

S E C R E T A R I E S 4--------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

1,001
307
694
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4.00
1 09.00
1 02.00
1 30.50

1 0 0 .5 0
105 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

_
-

7

5
4
1

17
7
10

46
1
45

1 02
15
87

86
7
79

_

-

-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

1
1

1
1

1
1

12
-

2
-

_

_

_

-

34
4

-

-

-

13
12
1

5
4
i

18
5
13

10
9
1

10
5
5

6
5
1

4
2
2

1
1
-

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

8
8

8
6
2

7
4
3

14
11
3

2
1
1

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

11
6
5

18
10
8

6
5
1

8
5
3

22
12
10

5
2
3

7
4
3

23
5
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

28
4
24

11
1
10

11

9

_

3

10

_

_

_

11

9
8

~

3
2

10
7

_

_

_

1

_

_

1

-

_

-

-

-

“

“

_

-

_

_

"

68
29
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

120.50
1 15.00
124.00

119 .5 0
1 2 0.50
119 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B *-------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

218
53
165

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 11.00
117.50
10 8 .5 0

111.00
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 0.50

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

298
89
209

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 5.50
117.00
101.00

9 9 .5 0
1 1 1.50
9 3 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

415
134
281

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

96.5 0
98.5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
97.0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

466
167
299
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
89 .0 0
1 0 3.00

86 .5 0
89.5 0
84 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 99.5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, SENIOR --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

185
40
145
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 0.50
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 9.00
1 1 9.50

11 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
12 7 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

_

7

6

4
3
1

2

-

_

7

“

7

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

“

4
4

_

2

-

5
5

129
41
88
2

98
31
67
3

107
43
64
2

73
35
38
“

127
50
77
3

79
25
54
8

50
17
33
7

36
12
24
14

12
5
7
“

15
11
4
i

1

3

5
1
4

11
3
8

15
8
7

5
4
i

5
1
4

3
1
2

2
1
1

-

3

11
6
5

1

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------




S
1 ------ i
t
S
t
t
t
%
%
1 ---100
105
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190

105

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of tab le

95

and
un der

1

-

2

26
6
20

31
9
22

20
8
12

60
13
47

19
3
16

14
4
10

8
4
4

1
1
-

3

4
3
l

_
-

3

2
2

5
3
2

8
8

3

_

_

-

-

3

-

-

-

6
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

2

5

8

-

2

5

8
2
6

_

_

11

“

“

8

-

11

24
4
20

35
2
33

59
1
58

24
10
14

26
10
16

28
16
12

31
20
11

12
4
8

16
5
11

16
6
10

5
4
1

9
7
2

35
1
34

72
7
65

46
5
41

61
38
23

45
15
30

39
18
21

20
10
10

25
14
11

33
10
23

15
4
11

7
1
6

4

39
5
34
5

39
11
28
3

125
41
84
12

66
29
37
7

53
28
25

42
13
29
6

25
7
18
1

17
9
8
6

24
15
9
1

9
6
3
2

3
3

13
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

13
13

10
2
8
-

3
3
1

26
6
20

11
1
10
3

13
13
2

-

8
2
6
i

6
3
3

46
8
38
9

17
3
14
6

27
9
18
12

13
3
10
2

5
3
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

3
2

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h i s, T e n n , — r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A

Num ber
of
workers

i

i

$

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y e a r n i n g s of—
*
?
i
t
$
*
t
t
s
*
*

*

S

*

(

t

t

r ~

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

1 10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 20

130

1 40

1 50

160

170

180

190

200

9
9

4
4

2

19
19

5
5

10
8

7
5

3
1

4
1

2

-

-

-

*

3
3

-

“

3
3

-

2

21
1
20

43
10

39
4
35

19
10
9

18
14
4

8
7
1

8
6

5
5

33

15
5
10

2
-

14

”

2

7
1
6
6

3
3
3

50

w eekly
(standard )

55

55

S ex, occup ation, and in du s tr y d iv is io n

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

an d
under

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
$

$

$

$

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

75
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

79.0 0
77.0 0

7 5 .0 0
73 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

8 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

4
4

SWITCHBOARO 0PERAT0R-RECEPT10NISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

211
68
143
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

87.50
9 3 .5 0
84.50
1 02.00

83.00
92.5 0
80 .0 0
79.50

7 6 .5 0 - 94.5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

7

-

7

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

29
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

91 .5 0
87.50

83 .0 0
82.00

7 4 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

67
35
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

87.00
8 0.00
95.0 0

86 .0 0
79 .5 0
91.5 0

7 8 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 -

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

117
38

79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

93 .0 0
1 06.00
87 .0 0

87.5 0
1 0 1.00
80.0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

412
108
304

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

78 .0 0
78.0 0
78.0 0

75 .5 0
77.5 0
74.5 0

6

7

~

2

6

5

“

~

_

_

_

~

“

_

_

“

_
_

95.0 0
90.0 0
99.0 0

*

-

-

4
4
-

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

-

*

_
-

7 1 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

-

1

-

-

_
-

78
10
68

82 .5 0
82 .0 0
83.00

*

1

10
10

8
8

_

8
8

1

10

9

3

4

7

5

27

14
1
13

15
2
13

6
3
3

15
12
3

116
24

87
43

54
12
42

34
6
28

19
9
10

-

92

44

_

2

“

3
1

2
*

-

”
_

2
1

2
2

3
3

2

_

_

_

_

"

“

~

~

“

7
1
6

4
3

1

_

2

1

_

1

_

_

1

1

2

1

-

1

-

1
1

4
3

7
1
6

5
5

8
6

1
1

-

*

2

“

*

3

-

-

4

-

-

-

1

14
3
11

7

8

1

4
3

8

1

3

4

“

-

”

1
1

~

11
5
6

-

-

“

_

9
7
2

27

2

*

-

_
“

_

_

-

*

*

-

"

”

-

-

-

“

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w ork w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e weekl y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co mp ute d f o r ea ch job by to tal ing the e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s and div id ing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s po s it i o n — h alf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te shown; h alf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m i dd le r a n ge i s defined by 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fourt h of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fourt h e a r n m o r e than
the hig he r r a te .
T
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic at io n , and o the r pu blic u ti l it i e s .
4 May in clude w o r k e r s o th er than tho se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n , M e m p h i s , T e n n . — rk . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
W eekly earnings *
( standard)
Num ber

S ex, occup ati on, and in d u s tr y di v i si on

of
workers

Average
w eekly
! standard)

_
65

M ean2

M ed ia n 2

M id d le range 2

-

-

and |
u nd er

j

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y e a r n i n g s o:

J

|

|

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

—

-

—

—

—

—

85

90

95

100

105

75

80

105

—
110

J

5

I

$

I

110

120

130

140

”

”

-

-

120

130

140

i

150

$

160

170

-

—

150

|

160

f

*

~i

—

170

180

190

200

i

210
—

180

190

200

220
an cJ

210

22 C

oyer

1 2 6 .0 0

$
$
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

9

11

2

1

4

2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

107 .0 0
107.00

105 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

13
9

8
3

5
3

2
2

_

_

1

51
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

163.00
1 65.00

147.50
144 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

6
6

7
7

5
5

8
5

5
2

_

_

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU S IN ES S , CLASS B --------------------

29

2 4 0 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

3

-

3

5

6

1

1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------

35

3 9 .0

172.00

1 7 6 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

1

-

2

3

2

6

6

6

3

3

2

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

52
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

138 .0 0
140.00

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 4.00

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

6
6

14
9

19
13

3
3

2
2

4
4

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------

39

4 0 .0

107.00

101.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

”

“

6

3

1

1

~

“

“

38
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

135.00
138.00

1 3 3 .0 0
134 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

11
8

11
11

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----

35

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

61
38

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU S IN ES S , CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

O
o

$
137.00

*
O
o

70

_

4

1

-

*

-

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

5
5

4
4

4
4

_
~

To

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

7
6

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e j s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w ee kl y h o u r s .
2 F o r de finition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r i b u t e d a s fo ll o ws :
1 a t $ 230 to $ 2 4 0 ; 1 a t $ 270 to $ 2 8 0 ; 4 a t $ 380 to $ 390; and 4 a t $ 390 to $ 4 0 0 .




Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h i s, T e n n , - A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Average

of

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

1 22
109
45

26
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
100.00
1 0 1.00
1 2 9.50

81 .0 0
81.00

104.50
1 07.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

155
35
120

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86.00
93 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

340
112
228

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 21.50
130.00
1 17.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

511
119
392

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

9 2 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

101
04

3 9.0
3 9.0

83 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

123
30
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
71.00
95.5 0
9 4 .0 0
96.0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

163
60
103

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

10 2 .5 0
1 14.50
95.0 0

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

151
62
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

90.0 0
9 7 .5 0
84.50

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

170
57
113

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

10 0 .0 0
1 07.00
96.5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

76.0 0
71.0 0
7 7 .5 0

1 ,0 0 6
309
697
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .5

1 0 4.50
109.50
1 02.00
131.50

68
29
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

120.50
1 1 5 .0 0
1 24.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG --

219
54
165

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

111.00
118.00
1 08.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

301
90

211

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

106.00
1 17.50
1 01.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --

416
134
282

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

96 .5 0
98 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----

468
167
301
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

90.5 0
92 .5 0
89.50
104 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

185
40
145
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

75

SE C R E T A R I E S 3------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER ATOR-RECEPTI ONISTSM A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

64
211
68
143

25

25

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

79
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 10.00
1 07.50

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

67
35
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

87.00
80.00
95.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 17
38
79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.0

93 .0 0
1 06.00
87.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

414
1 08
306
28

3 9 .5
4 0.0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

78 .5 0
78.00
78.50
92.0 0

$
1 55.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS
COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

35

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

65
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.50
1 0 9.00

137.00

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------

26

3 9 .5

103.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

62
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

159.00
1 6 1.00

110.50
116.00
1 09.00
1 19.50

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------

30

4 0 .0

23 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------

37

3 9 .5

173.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

79.0 0
7 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---*-----------------

53
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7.50
1 4 0.00

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 7 .5 0
93.5 0
84.5 0
1 02.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C -------------------

39

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

38
32

*

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

138
28
110

- CONTINUED

O

376
112
264

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

o

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

$
82.50
7 8 .0 0
84.00
99.5 0

*

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

hour, 1

o

63
47

389
75
314
34

Weekly
(standard!

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

Number
of

o

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

Occu pation and in du st ry di v i si on

*

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

Number

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------

O ccu pa ti on and in du s tr y di v i si on

o

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

o

O ccu pat ion and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

107.00
135.00
138.00

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k for which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e we e kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er public u t i l i t i e s .
3 May in clu de w o r k e r s oth er than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv i si o n , M e m p h i s, T e n n . - A r k , , N o v e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of vworkers re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hou rl y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

workers

$
1.80

t
1 .9 0

t
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

%

1

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

s
2 . 40

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

3 .00

S
3 .2 0

*
3 .4 0

*
3 .6 0

t
3 .8 0

1
4 .0 0

i
4 .20

t
4 .40

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0
“

and

1 .70

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

S
1.70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5.0C

5 .2 0

o v er

-

-

-

-

13
12
1

2
1
1

5
3
2

4
4

2
2

4
4
-

11
2
9

16
13
3

1
1

9
7
2

7
6
1

1
1

8
8

1
1
-

-

-

-

13
11

14
14

22
19

14
12

36
33

74
73

39
39

-

-

-

-

23
23

-

3
3

7
4
3

29
29

3

3

11
7
4

17
17
-

-

1
1

10
10
-

1
1
“

6

_

24
24

14
14

6
6

-

-

-

-

_

"

8

7
1

-

-

-

-

*”

32
32

34
34

41
41

16
18

_

*
1 .60

Number
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

and
un der

CARPENTERS. MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

89
54
35

$
3 .4 3
3 .2 9
3 .6 4

$
3 .5 8
3 .6 5
3 .5 5

$
2 .7 5 2 .3 7 3 .1 5 -

$
4 .1 1
4 .0 6
4 .4 9

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

“

1
1
-

ELECTRICIANS. MA INTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

247
236

3 .9 1
3 .9 3

4 .0 4
4 .0 6

3 .6 3 3 .7 1 -

4 .2 0
4 .2 1

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

7
7

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

117
77
40

3 .6 0
4 .0 5
2 .7 2

3.7 1
3 .8 9
2 .5 5

2 .8 4 3 .6 8 2 .3 2 -

4 .2 3
4 .3 1
3 .3 6

-

-

5
-

-

_
-

5

4
4

-

-

3
3
*

6
6

9
9

1
1

4
4

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BO IL ER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

123
113

2 .7 3
2 .7 4

2 .6 8
2 .6 7

1 .8 8 1 .8 7 -

3 .5 6
3 .5 7

1
-

22
22

10
10

11
9

_

_

5
5

_

-

*

-

21
20

3
3

-

HELPERS. MAIN TE NA NC E TRADES -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

121
103

2 .5 8
2 .4 7

2 .3 4
2 .2 8

2 .0 1 1 .9 8 -

3 .3 5
3 .3 3

5

5
5

9
9

9
9

-

18
18

10
10

4
4

3
1

-

_

3

11
11

MA CHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

164
161

3 .8 6
3 .8 7

3 .9 6
3 .9 7

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

4 .1 3
4 .1 4

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

“

-

4
4

“

2
2

20
20

22
19

9

“

3
3

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE! -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

415
87
328
293

3 .8 1
3 .4 6
3 .9 0
4 .0 2

4 . 10
3 .5 9
4 .1 1
4 .1 2

3 .6 7 2 .8 6 3 .9 6 4 .0 3 -

A . 16
3 .8 9
4 .1 6
4 .1 6

_
-

_
-

_
-

4

6

2
2

i
5
1

14
8
6
6

24
21
3
*

23
6
17
2

4
4
-

22
2
20
19

9

-

7
2
2

48
15
33
28

228
4
224
224

19
11
8
8

-

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

881
865

3 .6 3
3 .6 5

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

3 .3 3 3 .3 6 -

4 .1 1
4 .1 1

_

_

-

_
-

23
14

33

12 1
119

1 22
1 22

232
232

22
21

138
138

1 13
1 13

-

-

8
6

_

*

58
58

34

-

*

-

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

109
109

4 .2 8
4 .2 8

4 .2 6
4 .2 6

4 .1 3 4 .1 3 -

4 .8 4
4 .8 4

-

-

-

-

_

-

*

“

-

4
4

3
3

1
1

8
8

1
1

3
3

17
17

26
26

-

“

i
i

-

-

OILERS --------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

60
60

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .7 0
3 .7 0

2 .5 3 2 .5 3 -

4 .1 3
4 .1 3

8
8

-

-

-

-

*

-

i
i

“

5
5

17
17

“

PAINTERS, MAIN TE NA NC E --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

56
42

3 .6 8
3 .6 7

4 .1 1
4 .1 0

3 .1 3 3 .2 0 -

4 .1 8
4 .1 7

1

-

-

“

PIPEFITTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

109
109

4 .0 8
4 .0 8

4 .1 5
4 .1 5

3 .7 6 3 .7 6 -

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

-

-

-

*

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

117
117

4 .0 6
4 .0 6

4 .0 1
4 .0 1

3 .7 6 3 .7 6 -

4 .1 0
4 .1 0

_

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on we e ke nd s,
F o r de fin it ion of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, tab le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i c a t io n , and o th e r pu bli c u t il it i e s .




-

-

h o li d a y s ,

-

-

“

_

1
-

_

1

-

-

-

1

*

-

*

-

3

-

-

-

1

_

-

4

i
i

-

-

-

-

“

3
3

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

4
4

*

*

-

4

-

1
1

_

-

-

_

1
1

-

9
9

3
3
2

-

-

-

8
8

-

”
1

and late shi fts ,

_
“

-

*

-

1

21
21

2
1

9

-

-

-

19
19

-

21
19

4
4
22
22

16
16

1
1

39
39

4
4

6
6

23
23

36
36

-

_

-

“

_

-

-

1
1

10
10

6
6
“

_

3

-

3
3

9
9

-

44
44

_
-

-

1

_

_

-

”

*

16
16

-

-

-

*

“

-

5

“

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

$
5 .2 0

_
26
26

3
3

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Me mphis, Tenn.— Ark. , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Hourly earnings2

$
$
S
1.60 1 .70 1.80

N um ber

O c c u p a t i o n 1 an d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

U n d er
w ork ers

M ean3

M e d ia n 3

M i d d le r a n g e 3

t

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of-$
$
$
$
$
$
t
*
»
$
$
2 . 1 0 2 . 20 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0

%
2 .00

3.20

$
3.40

$
3.60

3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 20

S

J
$
*
3 . 8 0 4 . 00 4 . 2 0

an d

i . 60

an d

u n d e r

'O
1
UK/*
*
-4

1.80

1.90 2 .00

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 . 30 2 . 4 0

2.5 0 2 .6 0

2 . 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0

o
o
m

1.70

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----

(
1.9 0

3-10

3-20

3.40

3.60

5

2

3

44

o v e r

_

_

1

-

-

-

“

-

110

$
2.83

$
3.28

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

75

3.29

3.44

3.23-

3.49

-

-

-

-

5

I

1

-

-

-

1

2

1

-

5

2

3

44

9

JA NITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

1,251
594
657
68

2.10
2.41
1.81
2.37

1.93
2.33
1.69
2.28

1 .6 8 - 2.41
2 .1 1 - 2.91
1 .6 4 - 1.87
2 .0 2 - 2.68

14
14

382
31
351
“

133
35
98
16

78
36
42
“

67
37
30

17
17
8

105
78
27
9

67
58
9
2

71
67
4
“

87
75
12
5

9
3
6
“

23
4
19
15

18
17
1

7
3
A
2

32
23
9
A

5
5
3

103
102
1
~

3
1
2
~

24
24

6
6
A

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

330
79
251
27

1.80
1.95
1.75
2.23

1.70
1.78
1.68
1.98

1 .6 5 - 1.86
1 .7 3 - 1.95
1 .6 4 - 1.82
1.93- 2.84

167
7
160
3

67
41
26
“

23
A
19
-

35
15
20
13

11
3
8
i

i
i
*

2
2

12
2
10
10

1
1
“

_

_

_

-

6
6
-

_

~

"

~

-

~

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

2,062
1,296
766

2.36
2.44
2.23

2.18
2.42
2.03

1 .85- 2.78
1 .8 7 - 2.81
1 .8 4 - 2.35

2
-

114
71
43

22 6
151
75

32 8
142
186

76
16
60

87
19
68

23 8
193
45

75
5
70

75
19
56

190
190

9
9
“

24
24
-

123
123
-

87
78
9

23
15
8

102
37
65

3
~
3

65
60
5

130
94
36

60
44
16

19
19

6
6
“

-

ORDER FI LL ER S ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1,007
106
90 1

2.48
2.83
2.44

2.13
2.47
2.08

1 .8 8 - 3.41
2 .0 9 - 3.48
1 .86- 2.78

-

26
26

88
1
87

184
4
18 0

125
9
116

66
14
52

56
1
55

22

48
10
38

107

1
1

7
7

2

2

5
5

-

5
5

-

22

85

13
A
9

77
12
65

144
144

-

22

-

9
9
*

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

423
248

2.91
3.13

2.49
3.81

1 .9 0 - 3.85
2 .3 4 - 3.86

_

22
18

24
2

62
9

35
9

12
11

4
A

3
l

21
21

29
19

5
5

-

5
5

-

20
-

-

-

141
140

6
-

29
-

3

7

-

8

-

5

9
1
8

10

14
A
10

12
A
8

28
9
19

12
6
6

17
9
8

8

9
8
i

9
9

13
12
1

n

2
2

4
4

7
7

7
9A
34
60
60

27

_
-

2
-

13

1

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ---------------

128

1.95

1.84

1 .71-

2.08

-

30

20

40

3

5

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

192
45
147

2.86
2.67
2.92

2.71
2.65
2.76

2.442.512.41-

3.43
2.79
3.62

-

-

3

2

3

-

-

-

-

2
2

*

-

3

2

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

110
57
53

2.84
2.86
2.82

2.73
2.67
2.78

2 .4 8 - 3.33
2 .5 3 - 3.32
2 .3 6 - 3.33

_

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

95
86

2.72
2.70

2.67
2.65

2.092.06-

3.34
3.34

-

8
8

-

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

2,147
4 68
1,679
1,122

3.09
2.64
3.21
3.70

3.56
2.48
3.91
3.94

2.192.172.213.91-

3.94
3.03
3.96
3.97

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

228
51
177

2.22
2.60
2.11

2.05
2.09
2.03

1 .88- 2.46
1.99- 3.53
1.86- 2.44

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

859
149
71 0
450

2.86
2.35
2.97
3.51

2.64
2.34
2.69
3.92

2 .0 1 - 3.92
2 .0 1 - 2.67
2 .0 1 - 3.94
3 .5 2 - 3.96

See footnotes at end of table.




_

-

28
1
27

“

~

-

_
-

16
-

16

_
-

12
1
11

-

3

A
A

-

-

2
2

22

.

1

_

9
9

-

7
7
25
13
12
”

31
18
13
~

191
102
89
“

55
16
39

A
4

5
5

58
58

3
3

21
13
8

26
18
8

28
2
26

18
9
9

-

-

-

-

-

52
15
37
"

148
16
132
“

43
14
29
“

11
4
7

39

32
10
22

32
12
20

-

39

20
5
15

51
4
47

41
14
27

-

_

-

3

2

~

_

3

8
8

202
15
187
70

163
15
148
40

_

8

67
60
7
~

16
16

-

10

9

-

.

1

_

82
22
60
60

i
10

1

_

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

5

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
1
8

-

3
2
1

7

10

11
1
10

28

-

_

-

-

-

7

12
6
6

28

-

-

11
5
6

24
8
16

2
2

2

_

“

2
2

2

3
3
*

-

12
12

6
6

4
A

4
4

4
2

-

21
12
9

77
7
70
66

53
25
28
“

992
58
934
922

-

_

“

“

6
6

8
8

66

6
5
1

-

"
_

“

1
1

A
4

-

26
26
-

16
15
1
1

5
5

6
6

-

2

~

-

7
7

16
16

20

1

2
2

-

4
4

2
2
~

-

9

_

5
5
“

-

_
-

1

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

~

-

15
10
5
3

~

4
1
3

-

-

10

-

-

_

-

_

3

9
9

1
-

3

_

-

66
66

283

_

_

-

283
283

*

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations--- Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho url y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s tr y d iv is io n , M e m p h i s, T e n n . - A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
H o u rly earnings2

Occupation 1 and in du st ry di v is io n

Num ber
of
workers

Me; i 3

M edian

M id d le range

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hour ly e a r n i n g s of—
$
*
$
$
*
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
1
1.60 1 .70 1.80 1 .90 2 .00 2 .1 0 2 .20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .50 2 .60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3.10 3 .20
Undei
and
$
1 . 6 0 un der
1.70

1.80

1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2.70 2 .80 2 .90 3.00

3.10

3-20 J . .4 0

S

I

$------ $—

$

3.40 3 .6 0 3 .80 4 .0 0 4.20
and
3.60 3.80 4 .00 4 .20

o v er

TRUCKDRIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE! ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

7 53
77
676
523

$
3.51
2.35
3.64
3.93

$
3.93
2.63
3.94
3.95

$
$
3 .4 4 - 3.96
1 .7 6 - 2.82
3 .9 1 - 3.97
3 .9 3 - 3.98

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

222
IB2

3.19
3.03

3.40
2.49

2.462.45-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

82 5
611
214
66

2.67
2.62
2.81
3.49

2.51
2.53
2.47
3.93

1 .9 9 - 3.28
2 .0 0 - 3.13
1 .9 3 - 3.89
3 .2 0 - 3.97

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

133
121

3.16
3.32

3.27
3.55

2.693.13-

1
2
3
4
5

3.87
3.82

3.85
3.92

-

_
_

-

_

“

22
8
14
11

_

12

-

32
32

-

_
24
15
9

_
84
54
30

_

D at a li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h er e o t h e r w i s e in di ca te d.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o li d a y s , and la te sh i f ts .
F o r de finition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o the r public u t il it i e s .
In c l u d e s all d r i v e r s , a s def ine d, r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type of t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




65

2

65

2

_

_

-

_

83
80
3

39
31
8

32
14
18

27
27
-

14
14

_

4
4

_

“

_
41
35
6

_

5
34
4
5
30
523
100
100
51
23
28

_

_

12
12

8
8
-

15
15
-

_

2
~
2

6
6

4
4

27
27

535
~
535

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

72
70
2

6
6
-

-

“

54
53
I

28
28
-

15
13
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

12
12

1

5
5

30
24
6
6

15
14
1
“

_

_

25
25

11
11

1

_

_

-

~

77
77
49

3
3
*

9
9

16
16

17
17

i
i

11
11

98
58

8
3
“

102
102
~

6
6

24
24

n

_

15
B. E stablish m en t P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k ., N o v e m b e r 1969)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a nuf a c tu r i ng
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d _

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ‘
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r ng

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of--40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

168

61

XXX

107

XXX

168

61

XXX

107

XXX

36

12

11

24

20

47

16

15

31

26

1
3
14
1
2
2
2

14
1
1
2
2

1
3
9

1
1

5
4
3
2
1
1

3
2
1
2

1

1

1
3
2
1
2

1
2
8
1
2
2
2
1
1

1
1
3

1

21

39

1
1
2
2
1
1

1

10

111

8

1

1
4
16
1
5
5
4
1
2
2
1

1
1
2

1
1
2

1
2
3
3
2
1
1
i

3
3
2
1
1
1

1

1

3

1
18

85

27

1

i

1
1

1

1

36

11

2

1

1

1

2

2

18

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s

1
2
3

XXX

72

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t \ r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




XXX

58

XXX




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k ., N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 )
( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v isio n

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

S e co n d sh ift

8 4 .7

6 4 .1

1 7 .8

7.4

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ---------

1 3 .1

9 .8

2 .7

0.6

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la te sh ift

-----------

7 1 .6

5 4 .3

1 5 .1

6 .8

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
5 5 .8

4 2 .0

1 2 .7

5 .9

5 c e n t s ____________________________________
6 c e n t s ___ ____ ___ __________________ ____
7 c e n t s _________ ___
— ---- — — —
8 c e n ts _
__ ___ _
___
— — —
9 c e n t s ____________________________________
10 c e nt s ___________________________________
11 c e n t s _
12 c e nt s ___________________________________
13 c e nt s __________ ___ _____ _____ ____ ___ _
1 3 3/4 c e n t s
___
_ - _ - —
—
_ _____
_ __ - — —
14 c e n t s _
15 c e nt s ___________________________________
18 c e n t s —_________________________________
2 7 V2 c e n t s . ------------ — . .
. . ----3 0 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------

1 2 .2
8 .7
.6

4 .6

2 .7
2 .6
.1
.3
.7
3 .1
2 .1

.9
2 .1
.2
.2
.5
1.1
.4

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

11.1

p ercen t
_
— —
6 3/ io p e r c e n t
---- —
— - 10 p e r c e n t _________________________________

1 .6
3 ,5
6 .1

3.5

1 .8

3.7

-

.1

2 .9

2.9

.7

.6

6

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s

— _

— —

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------

7.1
.9

1 .0

-

3.0

1 .0

1 7 .5
6 .3

6 .1

-

1.5
4.5
1.3

2 .0
2 .9
1.6
-

9.4

-

-

.8
.2
.2
-

1.6

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g ,
e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

1.3
.7
2.0

.2
.1
(2 )
.2

1 .7

_
2.3

fo rm a l

.2

.8
.7
.2

5.7

o r h a v in g

-

.1
.1

p r o v is io n s

c o v e r in g la te s h i f t s ,

17

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k l y hours
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

All w o r k e r s _______

______________________

U n d e r 37 Vz h o u r s --------------------------------------------3 7 l/ z h o u r s ______________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d under 4 0 h o u r s _________________
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 and under 4 4 ho u r s _____________________
4 4 hour s ________________________ _________________
45 h o u r s ________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

100
2

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

14
3
80
1
1

2

1

-

1
88
(5 )

-

-

97
1
-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

5

3
30

98
2
-

-

-

95
-

68
-

-

-

3

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

2

5

2

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

ra te s.

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , M e m p h i s , T e n n - A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

100

100

99

100

100

5

*

(4 )

-

-

2

_
2

(4 >
(4)
18
4
19
1
23
1
20
4

_

1

.
_
11
_
4
3
28
_
53
1

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

__

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
_
---p a id h o lid a y s __ —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
no p a id h o lid a y s
____ _
__ ____ ___ ___

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

N u m b er of d a y s
1 h o lid a y
4 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s .
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
6 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ___
__ 7 h o lid a y s ___ ___ __
___
_
_ _
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_ __ _
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________ ___
8 h o iid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------8 h o iid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
9 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
1 0 h o lid a y s

22

9

_
13

C)
18
1
16
2
14
2

(4 )
18
19
4
16

7
4
28
42

2

15
1

-

4
27

-

-

1

5
"

7
1

1

6
2
22
18
6
16
-

6
22
-

-

1
-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
1 n H ays
.
...
9 d a y s o r m o r e __ ___
____
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________ ________
8 d ay s or m o re
____
___
7 d a y s o r m o re
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
6 days or m o re _
___ ___
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
____ ___ ___
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________

1
17
19
35
52
52
70
71
92
93
95

30
30
51
70
70
88
89
98
100
100

-

1

5
5
48
76
80
87
87
100
100
100

14
35
57
59
77
81
98
98
99

9

_
28
28
50
68
68
90
93
99
100
100

_
1
2
54
82
85
89
89
100
100
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s
a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_

_____

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
85
15

100
99
1

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
O th e r
— __ ______ ____________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------

99
91
8
(5 )
1

-

-

(5 )

5
17
-

8
12
-

_
35
-

2
39
1

2
37
2

(5 )
78
19
2

1
79
17
3

_
78
22
*

(5 )
37
59
3

_
32
61
7

(5)
46
4
47
2

1
59
7
30
3

_
32

14
1
82
3

19
1
73
7

25
75
-

16
6
74
1
2

21
10
36
2
3

100

6
1
90
(5)
3

5
1
87

100

-

-

7

-

13
3
79
2
2

18
5
71
3
3

100

6
1
89
1
3

5
1
85
2
7

100

3
1
79
3
10
2

2
2
72
6
14
3

4

2
1
75
2
14
7

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a v 6
A fte r 6 m o n th s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____
_
__
_- ___ ___
1 w e e k ____ _________________
________ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________

-

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ____
___
2 w e e k s ___ _____ ___ __ _______ ___ _,______ _______ __
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
____ __ _____ __

_
85
15
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___ —
_
_
_ ____
1 w e e k __
—
_ - —
_ —
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
— _
__
?.
. .
- .
_
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
__ ____
__ ___

-

68
-

"

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
w e e k _______________________________________________
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w e e k s
_ _
___
2 w eeks
3 w eeks
_
_
----- _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
1

_
-

-

_
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _ — ----- —
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
.
.
.
3 w eeks
~
__
.
. . . .
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________

_
-

-

_
-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek_
O v e r 1 an d
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and

- u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
—
under 3 w eeks
________
^ W Pp Vs
_
_
.
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




_
-

98
-

2
“

1

81
(5 )
11
3

_
-

97
-

3
"

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k ., N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a v 6----C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 Wp p V
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ________________________
Z w eeks
__
— _______ - ---O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------- 3 w eeks
— _ — —
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________

3
( 5)
38
1
52
2
2

2
1
40
2
49
4
3

3
(5 )
35
2
55
2
2

2
1
35
2
53
4
3

3
25
1
48
3
16
2

2
25
2
43
5
19
3

3
25
1
27
39
2
2
-

2
23
2
27
38
3
5
“

3
24

2
23
2
23
29
3
17

_
9
-

91
-

_

3
33
( 5)
56
4
3

2
40
44
7
7

11
88
1
*

3
30
1
58
4
3

2
34

_
9

-

-

51
7
7

87
4
-

3
19
1
60
(5 )
14
3

2
13
2
56
1
19
7

3
18
( 5)
31
40
1
3
3

2
13

7

-

-

41
34

11
82

-

-

4
7

-

-

-

A f t e r 1Z y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ________________________
Z w e e k s __ _ —
----—
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w peks
4 w eeks
------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________

9
89
2
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
\ w eek_
? v /p p ]fs
O v e r Z an d
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 an d
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 an d

------ —
un der 3 w eek s
____ ___ - - - — - —
u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------___
under 5 w eeks

-

7
-

54
-

39

_

7
-

69
-

23
-

A f t e r ZO y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ 3 w e e k s ___ _ _ _
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d er 5 w e e k s
5 w eeks
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s

_

7
-

6
87
-

_

-

A f t e r Z5 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _ __
Z w eeks —
_
— O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s
___
3 w eeks
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s
5 w eeks . _
O v e r 5 an d u n d er 6 w e e k s

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




1

25
32
2
12

_

7
6
66
-

21

3
18
(5)
30
34
1
10
3

2
13

_
7

-

-

38
24

11
51

-

-

17
7

30

21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M e m p h i s , T e rm .— r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6----C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 vveek______________________________________________
2 w eeks
__ _
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___
— —
_ , _ ------- ____
- ----- 3 w e e k s __ __
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w ee k s
5 w eeks
_
O v er 5 and u n d er 6 w ee k s
___
6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

3
24
1
25
31
2
7

2
23
2
23
29
3
7

_
7
-

6
58
-

29

-

-

-

5

11

-

3
24
1
25
31
2
7

2
23
2
23
29
3
6

_
7
6
58
29

-

-

-

6

12

3
18
(5 )
30
34
1
9
3
1

2
13

_
7

-

-

38
24

11
51

-

-

13
7
4

31

2
13
38
24

_
7
11
51
31
-

-

-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w eek_ —
_
_ 2 w eeks
_
- O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __ _____________________
5 w eeks O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s __
6 w e e k s -----------—---------------------------------------------

-

3
18
(5 )
30
34
1
9
3
1

-

12
7
5

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it an d
fin a n c in g 1

O ffic e w o r k e r s

L i f e i n s u r a n c e __________________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s
A c c id e n ta l d e ath an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __________ __ _____ _—___ ___ _________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 5___________________________

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ___ ________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

95

98

99

99

99

100

90
49

90
50

99
79

93
51

94
44

100
84

55
32

56
32

92
61

53
24

62
34

90
46

64

75

69

67

72

63

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____ _____ ____ ___
S i c k l e a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a it i n g p e r io d )___________ ________________
S i c k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r io d ) _

44
26

66
37

47
35

36
22

62
33

31
16

30

8

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e
- —
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________ —__________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n _
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s

10

5

-

31

17

12

31

13

7

33

90
44
91
44
69
34
53
24
57
39

97
54
97
54
67
40
46
25
65
49

99
52
99
52
72
33
72
42
69
62

95
37
96

95
41
95
41
79
37
66
23
80
62

100
37
100
37
89
30
89
56
63
60

86
33
75
26
68
47

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s "
in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e
p l a n s fin a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
at le a st
th e m i n im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




23

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, M e m p h is , T e n n —A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s — ----------- — ------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
70
56
14

92
85
79
5

100
84
65
19

100
51
3
48

100
47
1
47

100
63
30
33

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ----------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -------------------------------------S in g le r a t e ---- -------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s ______________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v i e w _________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th of
s e r v i c e an d m e r i t r e v i e w ----------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y --------------------------------P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ------------------------------P i e c e r a t e --------------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l ----------------------------------------------G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ----------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l ----------------------------------------------G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ----- -------------------------------------------

3

2

16

3

-

28

8

-

3

37

27

5

3
25
5
4
4
( 5)
1
1
( 5)

4
7
8
7
7
1
1
1
“

-

16

8
49

20
53

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age paym ent
W e e k ly ______________________________________________
B i w e e k l y ------ --------------------------------- ---------- — S e m i m o n t h l y -------------------- -- -----------------------—
M o n th ly -----------------------------------------------------------O th e r f r e q u e n c y ---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

88
7

6
( 5)

91
2
7

-

77
18
4
-

50
18
26
6

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




52
15
32
1

sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

70
24
3
3




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y J n a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y r(ot h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n Ranjd, E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s tin g an d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le : e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

26
S E C R E T A R Y --- C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BO Y OR G IR E

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ', (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a tu r e an d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
.Not a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n t ify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; j3r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m i t e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

27
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R --- C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GEN ERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u i r in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n i n g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m it y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL

CO M PUTER O PERATO R

CO M PUTER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
program .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f d a t a to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p ro g ram ers are

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tif y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
r u n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

28
CO M PUTER PRO GRAM ER,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

CO M PU TER SY STE M S A N A LY ST,

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a few r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r su p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it io n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p ic a ll y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f ie d

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k .

MAINTENANCE
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R

a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n in t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a ss is t.

OR
W o rk s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D RA FT SM A N

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s an d c o n c e p ts u su a lly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PU TER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
( D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

ite m s .

W o rk i s

c lo se ly

su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

D POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

29
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s of
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g




A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )--- C o n tin u e d

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , ox o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

30
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G

G U A RD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N I T O R ,

PO RTER,

(S w eep er;

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LEA N ER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r ; sto c k s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u se sto ck m an )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o rk ers a re

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t)
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

T h e t e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn e y s, c h e m ists, e n gin e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d raftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1654, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1969- S e v en ty -fiv e
cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b elow . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age an d H o u r an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1-------------------------------------------A lb any — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1_________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969----------------------------A llen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969____
B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969-------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1969___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an to n , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y .—I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969--------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1969---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t. 1969_________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , I o w a ^ I l l . ,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ay ton , O h io, J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1969--------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1____________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969-------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969__________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o.— a n s ., S e p t . 1969___________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 _________
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969_______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969 ------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Ten n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1_____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , N ov. 1969_________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969__________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969________________

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1660-35,
1 660- 10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

D a t a o n e s t a b li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a r e a l s o p r e s e n te d .




A rea
M u s k e g o n - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C i ty , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m aha, N ebr.—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969________________________
P a t e r s o r r - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969 ____________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 -------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969 ------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1969 ---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—
111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, Nov. 1 9 6 9 1______________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r side— n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
O c t. 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969---------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , Oh io— i c h . , F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1969-----------------------------------------U tic a—R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969-----------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—
Md.—V a . , S e p t . 1969 1_______________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1 9 6 8 1____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969------------------------------------------------Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
30 ce n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

1625-25,
1625-32,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660- 14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660- 19,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .
O FFIC IA L




20212

BUSINESS

P O S T A G E AND F E E S P AI D
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R

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MAIL I

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