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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Little Rock—North Little Rock, Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area
August 1966
PULASKI
L ittle Rock

Bulletin No.

North
Little Rock

1530-1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rth u r M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey

The Little Rock—North Little Rock, Arkansas,




Metropolitan Area
August 1966

Bulletin No.

1530-1

September 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For s a le b y th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - P ric e 2 5 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States.
A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (Z) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued. The
first part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin. The second part presents infor­
mation which has been projected from individual metro­
politan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups_________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

B.

Eighty-six areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , in August 1966. The
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the
Bureau of the Budget through April 1966, consists of
Pulaski County. This study was conducted by the Bureau's
regional office in Atlanta, Ga. , Brunswick A. Bagdon,
Director; by Jerry G. Adams, under the direction of
James D. Garland. The study was under the general di­
rection of Donald M. Cruse, Assistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
4

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods_____________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women______________________
A -Z. Professional and technical occupations—
men____________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined______________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations__________
Establishment practices and supplementarywage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers—
B -2. Shift differentials_________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours__________________________________
B -4. Paid holidays--------------------------------------------------------------------B -5. Paid vacations____________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans___________________
B -7. Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents-------------------------------------------------------------B -8 . Premium pay for overtime work________________________

Appendixes:
A. Change in occupational description: Secretary_________________
B. Occupational descriptions_______________________________________

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Little Rock—
North Little Rock area, are also available
for building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

H
i

3
4
6
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
19
20
21
22




Area Wage Survey—
The Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to repre­
sentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments.
Similarly, differences in average pay
levels for men and women in any of the selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes
within individual establishments.
Other possible factors which may
contribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differ­
ences in progression within established rate ranges, since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific
duties performed, although the workers are appropriately classified
within the same survey job description.
Job descriptions used in
classifying employees in these surveys are usually more generalized
than those used in individual establishments and allow for minor
differences among establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings*
3
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in
occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they re­
late to plant and office workers. Administrative, executive, and pro­
fessional employees , and force-account construction workers who are
utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. "Office workers"

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living




1

2
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited.
They are presented in
terms of establishments with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Scheduled
weekly hours are those which full-time employees were expected to
work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension
plans; and premium pay for overtime work (tables B -4 through B-8)
are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all
plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or
may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums of individual
items in tables B -2 through B -8 may not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.

the tabulations of vacation pay, payments not on a time basis were con­
verted to a time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Selected health insurance benefits provided em ­
ployees and their dependents are also presented.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
3
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Estimates exclude
vacation-savings plans and those which offer "extended" or "sabbati­
cal" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths of
service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum,
and can industries.
Separate estimates are provided according to
employer practice in computing vacation payments, such as time pay­
ments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in

Data on overtime premium pay (table B -8 ), the hours after
which premium pay is received and the corresponding rate of pay, are
presented by daily and weekly provisions. Daily overtime refers to
work in excess of a specified number of hours a day regardless of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay period.
Weekly
overtime refers to work in excess of a specified number of hours
per week regardless of the day on V/Tiich it is performed, the number
of hours per day, or number of days worked.

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shift's. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rve y and n um ber studied in L ittle Rock—N orth L ittle R o ck , A rk .', * by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 A u gu st 1966
N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scope
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

P lant
N u m b er

O ffic e

P erc en t

T o t a l4

A l l d iv is io n s ------------------------------------------------------------------

.

216

86

3 7 ,6 0 0

100

2 4 ,9 0 0

5, 200

25, 080

M a n u factu rin g-------------------------- ---------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g_____________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 _________________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e ___________________________________
R e ta il tra d e -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e,^ -in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v ic e s 8____________________________________________

50
-

78
138

35
51

1 8 ,1 0 0
1 9 ,5 0 0

48
52

1 4 ,2 0 0
10, 700

1, 300
3, 900

1 3 ,1 5 0
1 1 ,9 3 0

50
50
50
50
50

21
29
36
28
24

12
9
13
9
8

6, 600
2, 200
5 ,4 0 0
3, 000
2, 300

18
6
14
8
6

3 ,4 0 0

800

6, 020
760
2, 830
1, 370
950

(6 )

(6 )

(6)
(7)
(6)

(*)
(6)
(6)

1 Th e L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R ock Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistical A r e a , as defined by the B u reau of the B udget through A p r il 19 66 , c o n sists o f P u la sk i C ounty.
N
The "w o r k e r s within
sc o p e o f stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this table p rovide a rea so n a b ly a ccu rate d esc rip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n with other em ploym en t indexes for the a r e a to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tre n d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s t a b lis h ­
m ent data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p eriod studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu ded fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w ere u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 In cludes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a rea) of c om p an ie s in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce,
auto rep a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clud es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S ep arate p resen tation
o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovide enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le was not
d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) resp o n se w as in sufficient or inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of individual e stab lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is en tire in d u stry d ivision are rep r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion only in e s t i ­
m a te s for " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
Separate p resen tation of data for this d iv isio n is not m ade for one or m o r e o f the r ea so n s given in footnote 6 ab ove.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile rep air sh op s; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r gan ization s (exclu din g relig io u s and c h aritab le o r g a n iza tio n s); andengineering
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .




A lm o s t h alf of the w o rk ers w ithin scop e of the su rv e y in L ittle R ock—N orth L ittle
Rock w ere em ployed in m an ufacturin g f ir m s . The follow in g table p r e se n ts the m a jo r in du stry
groups and sp ec ific in d u strie s as a p ercen t of a ll m an ufacturin g:
In dustry groups

S p e cific in d u strie s

Food p ro d u c ts----------------------------------- 15
P r o fe s s io n a l, s c ie n tific , and
c ontrollin g in str u m e n ts;
photographic and o p tic al
good s, w atches and c l o c k s -------15
A p p a r e l--------------------------------------------- 11
E le c t r ic a l m a c h in e r y ---------------------10
L u m b er and w ood produ cts
(excep t fu r n itu r e )_______________ 8
P rinting and p ub lish in g----------------- 7
F u rniture and fix t u r e s ____________ 6

W atch es and c lo c k s and r ela te d
d e v ic e s -------------------------------------------15
W o m e n 's , m i s s e s ', and ju n io rs
o u te r w e a r ------------------------------------- 9
B a k e r y p r o d u c ts---------------------------- 5
H ou seh old fu r n itu r e --------------------- 5
S a w m ills and planing m i l l s _____ 5

T h is in fo rm ation is b a sed on e s tim a te s o f total em p loym en t d eriv e d fr o m u n iv e rse
m a te r ia ls com p iled p r io r to actu al su rv e y . P ro p o rtio n s in v ariou s groups m a y d iffe r fr o m
p rop ortion s based on the r e su lts o f the su rv e y as shown in table 1 ab ove.

4

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estimates are
measures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each year’ s relative by the previous year's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenter's
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. ,
August 1966 and August 1965, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(August 1960=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase
August 1965
to
August 1966

August 1964
to
August 1965

August 1963
to
August 1964

August 1962
to
August 1963

August 1961
to
August 1962

August 1960
to
August 1961

August 1966

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)----------------------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and women)--------------------------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m en )--------------------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (men)------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)----------------------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and women)--------------------------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m en)--------------------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (men)-------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

Data do not meet publication criteria.




August 1965

122.2

118.0

3. 5

3. 2

3. 7

2. 7

4 .9

2. 4

i 1)

124.6
120. 1

(M
117.7
118.4

(M
5. 8
1. 4

(M
4 .9
6. 3

(M
2. 4
1. 8

(*)
1. 8
3. 0

(M
3 .4
3. 1

(M
4. 1
3 .0

123.5

120.0

2 .9

2. 7

2. 6

3. 7

4. 5

5 .0

(M
114.0
113. 2

(*)
7 .0
5. 5

(M
2. 5
2 .0

(l )

(X
)
2. 1
3. 6

( 1)
2. 6
2 .4

3. 3
3. 1

0 )

122.1
119.4

2. 8
1. 4

(l )

5
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to weekly salaries for the normal workweek, exclusive
of earnings at overtime premium rates.
For plant worker groups,
they measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings,
excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces.
Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (l) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by
individual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job
included in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Data were adjusted where necessary to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., August 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

weekly
hours1
( standard)

%

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
“

8
6

2
~

3
1

~

2
1

1
-

9
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

4
4

4
4

4
2

9
6

1

1
~

4
3

-

“

“

10
10

10
10

6
6

8
8

8
2
6

5
3
2

12
8
4

3
3
“

1
1
~

“

_
~

2
2

-

_
-

~

4
4

2

1

_

:

1

1
1

_

_

_

~

~

17
17

1
1

-

-

:

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
M ean2

Median 2

and
under

Middle range 2

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

30
16

41.0
42.0

$
96.50
95.00

$
94.00
87.50

$
$
8 3 . 0 0 - 112.50
8 2 . 0 0 - 113.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

33
25

39.0
39.0

72.00
70.00

74.00
69.00

63.0 060.5 0-

79.00
78.00

-

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

69
19
50

40.5
40.0
40.5

83.00
94.00
79.00

80.50
93.00
74.50

6 9 .0 0 - 92.50
9 0 .0 0 - 98.50
6 6 .5 0 - 83.50

-

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

28
23

39.5
39.0

59.00
55.50

54.00
52.00

4 9.0 04 8.5 0-

64.00
60.00

9
9

7
7

2
2

5
4

BI LLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

55
53

40.0
40.0

62.00
62.00

62.00
62.00

53.505 3.5 0-

71.50
71.50

~

20
20

5
5

7
5

BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACT U RI N G------------------------------------

35
15
20

40.0
40.0
40.0

80.00
86.00
76.00

81,50
9 2 . 0C
79.00

6 8 .5 0 - 91.00
78. 50- 94.50
6 6 .0 0 - 84.00

_
-

_
“

_
“

4

7

-

5

6

3

4

5

-

2

6

3

BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUF A CT U R I N G ------------------------------------

37
25

39.5
39.0

68.50
66.50

70.00
66.00

62.0 060.5 0-

_

_
"

6
6

8
6

5
5

11
4

5
3

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFAC T U R I N G ------------------------------------

80
67

40.0
40.0

87.00
88.00

86.00
86.50

7 9 .0 0 - 98.50
7 7 . 5 0 - 101.00

-

_

_

1
“

2
2

14
14

4
2

2 50 , 4 0 . 0
79
40.0
171
39.5

73.00
75.00
71.50

71 .0 0
74.50
69.50

6 4.0 067.0 062.5 0-

-

17
2
15

16
1
15

37
12
25

48
13
35

36
14
22

5 7 .5 0 - 68.00
5 7 . GO- 6 9 . 0 0

~

7
6

8
7

16
9

5
5

-

35

2

-

1

-

2
1

_
-

4
4

-

“

WOMEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

44
34

39.5
39.5

62.00
62.00

62.50
62.50

74.50
73.00

82.50
82.50
82.50

~

5
5

_

1
1

1

17
13

15
9

5
5

4
4

8
8

7
7

3
3

_

25
14
11

20
8
12.

8
5
3

41
8
33

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

6
5

1
1

1
1

12
1

9
4

_

6

_

7
7

-

2
2

_

_

_

“

3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

40.0

5 1 . 0G

53.00

51. 50-

40.0
40.0

75.00
78.50

72.00
75.00

6 7 . DO- 8 4 . 5 0
6 5 . 00- 93.50

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NCNMANUFAC T U R I N G ------------------------------------

58
39
19

40.0
40.0
40.0

76.50
78.50
72.50

78.50
80.50
71.00

68.0 07 2.5 06 5.0 0-

85.00
86.50
83.50

“

_
-

1
1
~

8
3
5

9
5
4

6
2
4

8
8
-

12
Q
3

9
6
3

2
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

51
40

40.0
40.0

68.50
68.50

66.00
64.50

61.5 06 1.0 0-

78.50
79.50

_

_

7
7

18
15

5
4

7
2

3
3

8
6

_

3
3

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

33
19

39.5
39.5

74.50
73.00

72.00
68.50

6 7.0 06 5.0 0-

85.50
87.00

4
4

1
1

10
7

5

3
1

2

3
1

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




129
36
93

4 0 .C
40.0
40.0

65.50
70.00
63.50

63.00
68.00
60.00

o
o

38
42
19

FILE,

5 7 .5 0 - 69.50
6 3 . 5 0 - 73.00
5 6 .0 0 - 67.50

_

_

“
_
-

"

18
18

31
1
30

29
12
17

21
10
11

8
8
“

8
2
6

-

5

5
2
1
1

_
"

10
10

3

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

“

'

_
-

-

CLASS C -------------------------------

CLERKS, OROER -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

_
-

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

'

'

~

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., August 1966)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Average
weekly
hours1

$

$

$

WOMEN -

workers

Mean2
5
*
3

M
edian 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

1
1
-

21
21
-

26
2
24
1

27
2
25
~

35
10
25
2

22
6
16
1

62
23
39
5

59
22
37
2

49
25
24
3

33
15
13
6

21
9
12
9

11
2
9
5

7
7
6

12
2
10
4

10
7
3
3

9
1
8
2

1
1
1

6
1
5
1

_

-

-

_

_

1

~

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

2
2

2
1

1
1

1
1

8
7

-

~

1
1

2

-

-

2
1

and
under

CONTINUED

$
96.00
97.00
96.00
114.00

SECRETARI ES3 4----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------*---------

412
128
284
51

3 9. 5
4G.0
39.5
40.0

$
87.00
90.00
85.50
103.00

$
86.00
89.50
84.00
103.50

$
7 4.0 082. 507 0.0 09 3.5 0-

SECRETARI ES, CLASS A4 ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

27
21

40.0
40.1'

110.50
109.50

115.00
110.00

9 6 . 5 0 - 127.50
9 6 . 0 0 - 127.50

-

SECRETARI ES, CLASS B4---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

98
23
75

40.0
40.0
40.0

83.00
90.00
81.00

84.00
88.00
82.50

7 0 .0 0 - 95.00
8 3 . 5 0 - 101.50
6 7 .5 0 - 93.50

-

-

6
6

8
8

11
11

6
2
4

2
2

21
6
15

13
7
6

7
7

11
2
9

4
3
1

6
1
5

-

2
2
-

~

1
1

~

“

SECRETARI ES, CLASS C4---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------

87
35
52
18

39.5
97.00
39.5
96.00
39. 5 9 8 . 0 0
4 0.0 102.00

93.50
94.50
92.00
104.00

85.0 09 0 . SO­
BS. 5 0 83.5 0-

112.50
99.50
117.00
120.50

~

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
2

3
2
6
~

11
3
8
4

11
2
9
~

15
11
4
~

11
9
2
2

5
2
3
2

1
1
-

2
2
2

7
7
2

8
5
3
3

-

1
1
1

4
4
“

SECRETARI ES, CLASS D4----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

186
64
122

39.5
40.0
39.5

80.50
85.00
78.50

81.50
86.50
74.50

6 9 .0 0 - 91.00
8 0 .5 0 - 92.50
6 5 .0 0 - 89.50

_
-

1
1
“

15
15

18
2
16

16
2
14

26
7
19

11
3
8

23
14
9

25
13
12

25
14
11

8
4
4

10
4
6

2
2

4
4

2
2

“

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------

179
46
133
27

39. 5
40.0
39.5
40.0

68.0 Q
72.50
66.50
79.50

67.50
71.00
65.50
85.50

6 1.0 06 7.5 05 8.5 07 0.0 0-

73.50
77.50
72.50
88.00

_
~

21
1
20
-

20
20

25
2
23
1

45
18
27
6

34
11
23
5

11
7
4
1

5
5
-

15
15
13

3
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------

56
46
22

39.5
39.5
40.0

87.00
87.50
92.50

86.00
36.00
90.50

7 9 .0 0 - 92.50
7 8 .0 0 - 93.50
8 5 .5 0 - 99.00

_
~

-

_
-

-

4
4
1

2
1

11
9
2

9
7
1

13
9
6

3
6
6

-

4
4

_
“

4
4
4

-

_
-

1
1
1

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

54
46

41.0
41.5

62.50
60.00

57.50
56.00

5 1.5 05 1.0 0-

70.50
62.00

10
10

11
11

13
12

5
5

2

2
2

2

2
-

1
1

1
~

_

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR- RECEPTI ONI STSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

85
17
68

4 1. 5
4 0.Q
42.0

64.00
67.00
63.50

62.50
64.00
62.50

5 9 .0 0 - 66.00
5 9 . SO­ 7 7 . 5 0
SO.0 0 - 6 5 .0 0

“

15
15

8
5
3

40
5
35

8
2
6

6
1
5

2
2

2
2

1

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

-

_

~

2
2
“

~

“

~

1

~

~

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E NE R AL --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

48
47

39.0
39.0

63.00
63.00

63.00
63.00

6 0 .5 0 - 67.00
6 0 .5 0 - 67.50

_
-

3
3

7
6

25
25

4
4

9
9

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

62
30

39.5
39.5

75.00
79.00

71.50
76.00

6 7.5 06 8.5 0-

81.50
90.50

_

_

_

26
10

9
3

8
6

4
2

5
1

4
4

2
2

_

_

_

-

3
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

168
38
130

39.0
40.0
38.5

60.00
60.00
60.00

58.50
61.00
58.00

5 5 .0 0 - 63.50
5 6 .5 0 - 64.00
5 4 .5 0 - 63.50

-

60
10
50

34
16
18

12
3
9

17
2
15

2

l

2

1

-

42
7
35

?

1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular an d/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of w orkers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive
m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn le ss than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn
m ore than the higher rate.
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
5 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




8




Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—North Little Rock, A r k ., August 1966)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e
weekly earnings of—

Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation

Number
of
workers

$

Average

$
80

( standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

CLASS

B --------------------------------------

23

40.0

i w .o o

? .5 .0 0

$
$
1 05.00-127.00

$

$

90

95

90

95

100

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

125

105

110

115

120

125

130

and
unde r
85

DRAFTSMEN,

$
85

1

1

1

2

1

5

1

1

1

9

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

35
15

80.0 0
8 6.00
7 6.00

o o

* -H
o o

L oo

57
53

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
2
(standard)

33
19

3 9.5
3 9.5

$
7 4.5 0
7 3.0 0

BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

37
25

39.5
39.0

68.5 0
66.5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

110
27
83

40.5
4 0.0
4 0.5

8 9.50
90.5 0
89.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

283
87
196

4 0.0
40.0
39.5

7 2 .5 0
7 5.50
7 1.50

46
36

39.5
3 9.5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 29
36
93

40.0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

6 5.5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GI RLS--------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

36
29

3 9.5
39.0

58.5 0
55.0 0

SECRETARIES2 3 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

416
128
2 88
55

3 9.5 .
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0.0

8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
86.0 0
105.50

64.0 0
64.5 0

FILE,

CLASS C

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFACTURING COMPTOMETER OPERATORS —
NONMANUFACTURING -------

4 0.0

51.00

38
73

80.00
8 6 . 50
7 6.50

64
41
23

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

38

111

51
40

ui a o

CLERKS,

CLERKS, OROER -----------MANUFACTURING ----NCNMANUFACTURING

o o o

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

-f- -H -H

20

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

40.0
4 0.0

7 8.50
7 9.00
77.50
6 8.50
6 8 . 50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A3 ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

27
21

4 0.0
40.0

1 10.50
1 09.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B3 ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

98
23
75

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

83.0 0
90.0 0
8 1.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C3 ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

88
35
53
19

39.5
3 9.5
39.5
4 0.0

9 8.00
9 6.0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 05.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D 3-------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------

189
64
125

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5

81.5 0
8 5.00
80.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------

1 79
46
133
27

3 9.5
40.0
39.5
40. G

6 8.00
7 2.50
6 6.5 0
7 9 .5 0




-

(exclusive

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIGR ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

56
46
22

3 9.5
39.5
40.0

$
87.0 0
8 7.50
9 2.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

54
46

4 1.0
4 1.5

6 2.5 0
60.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR- RECEPTI ONI STSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NCNM ANUF AC T U R I N G ------------------------------------

86
18
68

41. 5
4 0.0
4 2 .0

6 4.00
6 6.50
6 3.50

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------------

22

85.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------ ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

48
47

3 9.0
3 9 .G

6 3.00
6 3.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

62
30

3 9.5
39.5

75.0 0
79.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- --------—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

168
38
130

39.0
4 0.0
38.5

6 0.0 0
6 0 .0 0
60.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN,

1 Sta nd ar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k for wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th ei r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 M a y incl ude w o r k e r s o th e r than t ho se p r es e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o c c u pa t i on has b e e n r e v i s e d s i n ce the l a s t s u r v e y in this a r e a .
See a ppe ndi x A .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other public ut il i ti es.

Number
of
workers

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

62.0 0

BOCKKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

Average

O c c u pa ti o n and i n d us tr y d i v i s i o n

o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B I LL ER S, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

Average

O c cu p at io n and i n d us tr y d i v i s i o n

o

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CLASS

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C ---------------------------------- —

B ------------------------------------------

o f pa y f or o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,

24

-e
*
o

Number
of
workers

22

39.5

o

Average

O cc u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s b

111.50
82.00

and the e ar ni n gs

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)

Hourly earnings

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

1
2

$
1.40

Occupation and industry division

a* d
under
1.50

$
1 .50

1.60

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .60 1 .70 1 .8 0 1.90 2 .00 2 .1 0 2 .20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .60 2 .7 0

-

-

1.70

-

1 .80

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

2.57
2 .36

2.59
2 .49

2 .4 5 2 .3 4 -

2.86
2 .83

2.87
2 .78

2 .5 8 2 .4 8 -

2 .53

2 .69
2.55

2 .5 2 2 .3 5 -

1.71
1.71

1.72
1 .72

1 .5 3 1 .5 3 -

1 .77
1 .77

2.13
1 .93

2.07
2 .0 3

1 .7 7 1 .75 -

2 . 19
2 .09

11
11

MACHI NI STS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

3 .00
2.93

3 .05
3.05

3 .0 1 2 .7 3 -

3.11
2 .26
3.26
3 .29

3 .52
2.28
3.53
3.54

2 .4 6 2 .1 4 3 .2 8 3 .5 0 -

3.56
2.47
3 .57
3.57

1 73
159

2.81
2 .78

2 .82
2 .7 9

2 .5 3 2 .5 1 -

3.37
3.40

73
60

3.27
3 .32

3.38
3 .51

3 .0 4 3 .1 1 -

3 .55
3 .56

2 .30

-

2.40

2 .50

-

-

2 .60

-

2.70

3 .09
3 .25

32
180
1 73

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

-

-

2.80

-

2 .9 0

-

3.00

-

3 .10

$
3.20

-

3 ,20

3 .30

$
3 .3 0

-

$
3 .40

-

3 .4 0

$
3 .50

-

3 .5 0

3.60

and

3 .60

over

15
15

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

-

$
3 .1 0

2.68

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER MANUFACTURING ------------------------

2 .00

-

$
3 .0 0

3 .13
3 .28

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

1 .90

-

$
2.90

2.76
2.56

ELECTRI CI ANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ------------------------

-

$
2.80

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS MANUFACTURING ----------

2.68

212

2 .79

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




12

12
10

2

1

2

3

1

12
12
-

3

holidays, and late shifts.

3
3

6
6

2
2

12
12

6
2
4
4
9
9

9
-

9
9

32
11
21
21

2
?
2
17
17

55

10

2

2
2
4
4
6
4

15
15

3
2
1
1
20
20

133
1 33
36
36

2
2

2
2

7
1

2
2

6

4

5

2

3
3

2
2

9
9

6
6
2
2

28
28

4
4
4
4

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., August 1966)

Hourly earnings 2

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
*
1.20

Under
$
and
1 .2 0 under

Occupation1 and industry division

1 .56
1 .52

1 .68

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

$
1 .47
1 .46
1 .59

$

_

1 .40

1 .50

1 .60

40
39

10

10

4

7

1 .68
1 .56
1.88

_

_

_

1.70

_

_

1 .80

1 .90

_

2 .00

_

$
2 .2 0

2.10

$
2 .30

$
2 .40

_
2 .2 0

$
2.50

$
2 .6 0

_
2 .30

2 .40

$
2 .70

_

2.50

2 .60

$
2.80

$
2 .90

$
3.00

_

2 .70

_

2.80

2 .9 0

$
3 .10

$
3 .20

3.30

3.30

3 .40

_

3 .00

3.10

3.20

-

-

-

1

—

—

—

1

$

1 .4 1 1 .4 1 1 .4 3 -

_

16

________ 1 . 3 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .70 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0

11

1

5

2

2

-

-

_

2
-

—
_

2

—
-

-

-

2

1.51

1.45

1 .4 1 -

404
1 65
2 39
40

1.47
1.58
1.40
1.87

1 .40
1 .54
1.31
1 .90

1 .2 8 1 .40 1 .2 5 1 .5 5 -

1.59
1 .81
1.48
2 .10

J AN IT CRS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

107
17
90

1 .35
1.42
1.34

1.33
1.42
1.32

1 .2 6 1 .3 4 1 .26 -

1 .39
1.51
1.39

40

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A N D L I N G ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

659
448

1.66
1.62
1 .75

1 .66
1 .62
1 .83

1 .46 1 .4 3 1 .5 7 -

1.85
1 .82
1 .87

41
24
17

73
16

ORDER
FI LLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

145
35

1 .96
2 .17
1.89

1.79
2 .0 7
1.50

1 .4 0 1 .8 9 1 .33 -

2 .70
2 .5 4
2.83

24

12

20

110

24

12

83
57
26

1.76
1.89
1.47

1 .64
1 .69
1 .41

1 .51 1 .60 1 .3 5 -

1 .87
2 .20
1.63

2 .16
2.15

1.91
1.89

1 .77 1 .7 7 -

2 .92
2 .92

-

-

-

3

3

5

-

-

3
3

3
3

5
3

1
1

—

—

—

6
6

20

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

-

-

1.53

J ANI TORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ■
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

211

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------31

14
14

114
13
1 01

48

12
5

12
2

1 27
117
1C

1

14

22
23

17

26
16

74
28

10
10
-

11

11

1

17

2

5
12

1

15
13
2

12

2 .05
2 .14

2 .05
2.09

1 .92 1 .97 -

420
267
1 35

2.22
2 .55
3.30

1 .83
3.03
3 .35

1 .5 6 1 .7 0 3 .3 2 -

3.32
3.35
3.37

5
-

22
21
-

1 .63
1 .78
1.60

1.59
1 .58

1 .42 1 .4 7 1 .39 -

1 .78
2 .05
1.69

-

21
21

2 32
1 03
1 29
82

2 .27
2.77
3 .28

1.85
1.63
3 .31
3 .34

1 .64 1 .5 5 1 .8 7 3 .3 1 -

3 .32
1.76
3 .36
3.37

5
5
-

1 40

1.89
1.73

1 .83
1 .62

1 .5 4 1 .51 -

2 .09
2 .05

1
1

36

14
14

14
14

11
11

15
13

6
6

10

16
16

9

2 .22
2 .25

TRUCKCRIVERS 5 -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

21
19
2

13
13

20
15
5
5
5

21

38
37
1

10
10

12

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING C L E R K S ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

193
69
124

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER ( F ORK LI F T) -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

112

1.66

1.88

1
1
2
2

52
12
-

19
71
12

48
25
-

5
5

9

19

8

19

-

-

35
33
2
-

22
22

30
30

Data lim ited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of ter m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




44
10
-

29
23
6
12
12

25
5
-

50
38
-

5
5

4

20
20
1
1

7
6
-

7

6
-

6

2

46
10
36

-

-

13
5

6
-

-

-

28
28

-

—

1
1
-

-

—

-

—

1
1

-

10
10
10

-

—
-

-

4
—

-

-

1

-

1

1

10

1

-

l

1
-

10
10

-

-

-

125
- 125
- 1 2 5

-

—
4
-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7?
- 7 2

—

-

12
12
-

-

-

—

-

-

4

-

—
-

—
-

72

4
-

12
12

-

-

-

2
-

1
1

-

1
1

—
-

2

-

9

-

-

1
6

2

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
B.

Establishm ent P ractices and Supplementary W age P rovisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office Workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g u s t 1 9 6 6)

Other in e x p erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers

In exp erien ced typists

M in im um w eekly s tr a ig h t-tim e sa la r y 1

A ll
schedu les

40

A ll
schedu les

E sta b lish m e n ts stud ied -------------------------------------------------------------------

86

35

XXX

51

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m --------------------------

N on m anufacturing

B a sed on stand ard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in du stries

w
B a sed on standard ■ eekly h ours 3 of—

A ll
in d u stries

M an ufactu ring

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

A ll
sch ed u les

A ll
sc h e d u les

40

86

35

XXX

51

XXX

21

40

XXX

34

14

14

20

15

49

23

22

26

$ 5 0 . 00---------------------------------------------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 5 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 6 2 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 .0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 .5 0 ______________________________________

1
22
2
2
4
1
1

_
7
2
1
3

_

1
15

12

-

-

10
2
2
4
2

10
2
2
3
2

-

-

1
18
2
1
2
1
1

-

-

-

1

1

1

“

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ------ -----------------

4

5

$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ___________________________________________________

48

21

"

-

-

XXX

-

1
28
4
3
6
3
1
1
1
1

4

XXX

11

XXX

27

XXX

26

7
2
1
3
-

1
1
1
1
-

1
-

1
1
-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a i d f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su ch a s m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e gir l.
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




sta n dard w o r k w e e k s .

-

-

40

-

15
2

1
1
1
1
-

-

-

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

19

XXX




13

T a b le B-2.

Shift D ifferen tials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lant w o r k e r s b y typ e and am ou nt o f d if f e r e n t ia l,
L ittle R o ck — o r th L ittle R o ck , A r k . , A u g u st 1966)
N
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

A c t u a lly wo rk in g on—

S econ d sh ift
w ork

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w ork

S econ d sh ift

77. 2

6 1 .0

15 . 0

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

3. 7

--------------------------

72. 0

6 1 .0

14 . 7

3 .7

U n ifo r m c en ts (p er h o u r ) ------------------------------------

42. 1

31. 1

8 .4

3. 1

4 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------5 c ent s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------

. 5
12 . 3
1 .5
1 1 .9
1 .8
6. 3
5. 9
1 .8

_

-

_

2. 8
. 5
1 .5

1. 3
. 1
3. 7
. 6
1 .4
. 3
1. 1
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------------

29. 9

29. 9

6. 2

.6

5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------1 5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------------

2 1 .3
8. 7

2 1 .3
6. 3
2 .4

4. 2
2. 0

.2
.4

W ith no sh ift p ay d if f e r e n t ia l-----------------------------------

5. 2

W ith sh ift p ay d if f e r e n t ia l-----------

-

-

-

-

2. 1
1 2 .8
2. 5
6. 3
2. 6

-

-

.3
-

(2 )
-

.6
.6
1 .5
. 2

"

. 3

1 In c lu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v e n thou gh th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 . 05 p e r c e n t.

c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

14
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv ision s by scheduled w ee k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L ittle R ock—North L ittle R ock , A r k . , A u gu st 1966)
Pla nt w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk ers

W eekly hours
All in d u strie s2

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

JTndor 37 V h o u r s
-.
37 1 h o u r s
,A
3ft hou r s
40 h o u r s

_
...

_
... .

_

_

__________
_
_______________

4 2 V2 h o u r s _ _ ____________ _______________________________
_
44 hours
_
__________ _____ _____________________
45 hours
_________________________________________________
4ft h o u r s
...
........
_ _

1
2
3
4
5

Manufacturing

100

1 00

1
3
3
80
2
2
2
7

2
3

Pu blic u t i l i t i e s 3

1 00

_
_

91
_
3
1

All in d u str ie s4

1 00

(5 )
12

_

M anufacturing

1 00

1 00

_

2

_

_
100
_

97

_

82
2
1

_

_

1

_
_

8

2

1

_

92

_

Scheduled hours a r e the w ee k ly h ou rs w hich a m a jo r ity o f the fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s w ere ex pected to w o rk , w hether they w ere paid for at s t r a ig h t -t im e or o v e r t im e
In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv ision s shown sep a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e; fin a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




P u blic u t i l i t i e s 3

ra tes.

15

Table B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

Item
A ll in d u strie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid h o lid a y s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------- ---------------------

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s 2

A ll in d u strie s 3

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

98

92

99

100

98

4

2

8

1

1
36

1
22
17
3
18
37

6
16
19
50

"

"

2

N u m b er o f days

4 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------5 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf d ay----------------------------------------5 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf d ay----------------------------------------6 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------- -------------------------

(4 )
1
15
1
1
13
28
“

_

1
40
(4 )
1
20
2
3
17
12
3

3
20
31
3
18
24
"

14
50
35
“

T o ta l h olid ay tim e 5

11 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------6 V2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------5 V2 days or m o r e ------------ — --------------------------------5 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------

_
28
43

44
59
59
95
96

_
37
58
58
75
75
97
98

_
50
69
69
86
86
92
92

3
14
34
36
57
58
98
99

_
24
46
46
76
76
97
100

_
35
85
85
98
98
98
98

1 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , re ta il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll co m b in a tio n s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount a r e c om b in ed; for ex a m p le , the p rop ortion of w o r k e r s rec eiv in g a to ta l of 9 days in clu d es those with 9 full days and
no h alf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 7 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cum u lated.




16

Table B-5.

Paid V acations'

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)
Plant w ork ers

O ffice w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p olicy
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M an ufacturing

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u str ie s4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
97
2
-

98
94
4
-

100
100
-

100
100
_

100
100
_

100
100
_

22
8
2

36
5
-

_
20
-

14
53
1

10
46
-

_
54
-

2
86
1
9

4
90
_
5

81
19

_
35
(6 )
65

_
34
_
66

_
68
_
32

1
59
10
29

2
70
14
13

_
54
8
38

_
13
3
84

21
4
75

1
17
26
55
1

2
25
41
31
-

_
8
92
-

_
5
3
92

_
11
7
82

1
16
22
59
1

2
22
35
39
-

8
92
-

4
3
92

2
3
93
1
1

3
2
92
2

8
92
-

2
1
60
1
36

3
2
51

76

M ethod o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid v a c a tio n s-----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f -tim e p a y m e n t________________________
P erc en ta g e p aym ent______________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid v a c a tio n s_________ ____ ______________________
A m ou n t o f vacatio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

_
4
14
82

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________

(6 )

_

-

_
2
98
-

9
7
84
-

_
2
98
-

1
4
95
-

2
98
-

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________ —
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

-

(6 )

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w eeks__________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(6 )
2
96
(6 )
1

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d of t a b l e .




(6 )

_

43

_
-

24
“

(6 )
1
62

1
4
42

(6 )
36
1

-

_

53

33
2
66

"

■

17

Table B-5.

Paid V a ca tion s1
-----Continued

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)
Office w ork ers

Plan t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n policy
All in d u strie s1
2

Manufacturing

Pu blic u t i l i t i e s 3

All in d u strie s4

Manufacturing

Pu blic u t i l i t i e s 3

(6 )
1
61

1
4
42
53

20
2
78

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5----- C o n t i n u e d
After

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
After

2
1
56
1
40

3
2
51
43

_
48
52

(6 )

(6 )
37
1

_

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 week.
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

2
1
45
2
50

_

3
2
44
50

4
8
88

2
1
40
2

3
2
37
-

4
8

38

53

16

4

35
52

(6 )

-

-

3

(6 )
-

i

(6 )

(6 )
1
49
(6 )
49
1

1
4
33
62

_
_
6
2
92

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_
-

(6 )
1

44
(6 )

33
21
1

1
4
30
_
24
41
-

_
6
_
64
30
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
•Ove r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2
1
40
2
29
26
(6 )

2
37
42
14

7
81

-

-

4
8

(6 )
1

44
(6 )
17
37
1

1

_

4

_

30
-

6
-

15
50

88

-

-

5

M a x im u m vacation available 7
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2
1
40

3
2
37

_
-

4
8
7

2

-

29
26

42
14

81

"

"

(6 )

(6 )
1

1

_

4

_

44

30

6

(6 )
17
37
1

-

_

15
50

88

"

"

5

1 In cludes b a sic plans on ly. E xclu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -sa v in g s and those plans w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic plans to w o r k e r s with q ualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s are plans in the st e e l, alu m in um , and can in d u str ie s.
2 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data for w h o le sa le
tra d e; r e ta il tra de;
fin a n ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 In cludes p aym en ts oth er than "len g th of t i m e , " such as p ercen tage o f annual ea rn ings or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, con verted to an equ ivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p ercen t
of
annual e a rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P eriod s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v isio n s
for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le, the
chan ges in p ro p o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' se r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re c u m u lative.
T h u s, the p rop ortion r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k 's pay
or m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o re a fter few er y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
7 F ig u r e s show n a ls o in dicate the p ro v isio n s after 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .




18

T able B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in e sta b lish m en ts p rovidin g
h ealth, in su r a n c e , or p en sion b e n e f it s , 1 L ittle R ock—North L ittle R ock, A r k . , A u gu st 1966)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Type of ben efit
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

100

M an ufactu ring

Public u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u str ie s4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g:
L ife in s u r a n c e ____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su r a n c e _________________________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sic k le ave or b o th 5 _____________________________

81

80

100

93

93

100

54

46

48

76

66

77

72

70

59

70

77

73

S ick n ess and a c cid en t in su r a n ce ___________
Sick leave (full pay and no
w aiting p erio d )_______________________________
Sick le ave (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d )_______________________________

60

67

24

52

68

14

14

3

21

42

50

18

8

2

19

11

1

50

H osp ita liza tio n in su r a n ce ----------------------------------S u r g ic a l in su r a n c e -----------------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C ata strop h e in su ra n ce----------------------------------------R e tire m e n t pen sion ----------------------------------------------No h ealth , in su r a n ce , or p en sion plan-----------

87
81
72
46
55
9

89
80
69
26
55
9

94
94
90
86
49

93
92
81
85
72
2

96
92
61
64
74
1

99
99
96
91
84

1 Includes those plans for w hich at le a s t a p art o f the c o st is borne by the e m p lo y e r , except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a tely .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
4 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry d iv ision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k leave or s ic k n e ss and a c cid en t in suran ce shown s e p a r a te ly below .
Sick leave plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num ber of d a y s ' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l sic k leave a llo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis a r e ex clu d ed .




19
Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Em ployees and T heir Dependents

(P e r c e n t of plant and offic e w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g health in su ran ce b en efits
c overin g em p loyees and their d ep en dents, L ittle Rock—N orth L ittle R o ck , A r k . , A u gu st 1966)
Plant w o rk ers
T yp e of b e n e fit, c o v e r a g e ,

O ffice w ork ers

and financing 1
A ll in d u strie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

H o sp ita liza tio n in su r a n c e _______________________
C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n c ed ____________________________
C overin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts____________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ________________________
Jointly fin a n c ed ------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
join tly financed fo r d ep en d en ts-----------

87
30
15
15

89
49
23
26

94
4
4

96
33
18
15

99
7
7

-

93
11
7
4

58
19
36

40
16
19

89
54
36

82
22
60

63
15
45

92
21
71

3

5

-

1

3

-

S u r g ic a l in su r a n c e ________________________________
C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ________________________
Jointly fin a n c ed ----------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts____________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n c ed ____________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ced fo r d ep en d en ts_______

81
25
10
15

80
40
14
26

94
4
4
-

92
10
6
4

92
29
14
15

99
7
7
-

56
18
36

40
16
19

89
54
36

82
21
60

63
15
45

92
21
71

3

5

-

1

3

-

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ________________________________
C o v erin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n c ed ____________________________
C o v erin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts____________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n c ed ____________________________
E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
join tly fin a n ced fo r d ep en d en ts_______

72
23
8
15

69
38
13
26

90
4
4

61
28
13
15

96
7
7

-

81
8
5
4

48
15
30

31
13
14

86
51
36

73
20
52

33
11
19

89
18
71

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:

C a ta stro p h e in su r a n c e ----------------------------------------C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ________________________
Jointly fin a n c ed ____________________________
C overin g e m p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts____________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c ed ________________________
Jointly fin a n c ed ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fina nced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
join tly financed fo r d ep en d en ts_______

-

-

3

5

-

1

3

46
7
6
1

26
10
8
2

86
4
4
-

85
8
7
1

64
11
7
4

91
7
7
-

39
14
23

16
7
6

82
69
13

77
27
50

54
8
43

84
69
15

1

3

■

2

"

( 5)

1 In cludes p lans for w hich at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo y e r . See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An e sta b lish m en t w as c o n sid ere d as providing b en efits to em p lo y ee s for their
dependents if such c o v er a g e , w as a v a ila b le to at le a st a m a jo r ity of th ose em p loyee s one would u su a lly expect to have d ep en dents, e .g ., m a r r ie d m e n , even though they w ere le s s than a m a jo r ity
of a ll plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The em p loyer b e a r s the en tire cost of "e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p lan s.
The em p lo y er and em p lo y ee sh are the c o st of "jo in tly fin a n c ed " p lans.
2 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , re ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
4 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.




20

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay provisions,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1966)
Office w o r k er s

Plan t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m pay policy
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

Pu blic u t i l i t i e s 2

All industries 3

100

1 00

100

1 00

83

91

95

82

91

95

2
2
78
1
1

3
3
85

_

M anufacturing

P u b lic u til it ie s 2

100

100

65

92

83

65

92

83

_

.

_

D a i l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s having
p r o v i s i o n s fo r d a il y o v e r t i m e p a y 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s -----------------------------------------------------------T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f ------------------------------------------------------E f f e c t i v e a ft e r :
U n d e r 7 V2 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------7 V2
h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------8 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------8 V2
O t h e r p r e m i u m r a t e s ------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

89

65

92

-

-

83
-

6

1

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no
p r o v i s i o n s fo r d a il y o v e r t i m e pay
at p r e m i u m r a t e s 5 --------------------------------------------------------W e e k l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s having
pro v isio n s for w e ek ly o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s -----------------------------------------------------------T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f ------------------------------------------------------E ffective after:
3 6 V
4
h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------3 7 V2
h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------F l u c t u a t i n g w o r k w e e k p r i n c i p l e 6 -----------------------O t h e r p r e m i u m r a t e s -------------------- -------------- --------—

100

94

97

100

97

94

1 00

94

84

100

97

1
2
91
1

2
3
95
-

-

100

97

-

-

*4

"

-

94
-

84
13
1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s havin g no
p r o v i s i o n s fo r w e e k l y o v e r t i m e p a y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5 ---------------------------------------------------------

1 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il t r a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown se p a r a tely .
2 T ra n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c o v e r e d b y le g is la tiv e req u ir em e n ts regard in g p r e m iu m pay for o v e rtim e , even though such w o rk ers a c tu a lly do not w ork o v e r t im e .
G raduated p r o ­
v isio n s fo r p r e m iu m pay are c la s s if ie d under the f ir s t e ffe ctiv e p r e m iu m r a te .
F or e x a m p le , a plan c a llin g for tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d
as tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 h o u r s. S im ila r ly , a plan c a llin g for no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate a fter 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 40 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf
a fte r 40 h o u rs.
5 Includes w o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts exem p t fr o m le g is la tiv e r eq u irem e n ts regard in g p rem iu m pay for ov e rtim e and w h e re, as a m a tter o f p o lic y , o v e r tim e is not w ork ed .
6 Under the p rin c ip le of the fluctuating w ork w eek , pay for o v e rtim e w ork is d eterm in ed by dividing the w eekly sa la r y by the total n um ber o f h ou rs w ork ed during the w eek (to obtain the
b a se h ou rly rate fo r the week) and then applying the e sta b lish e d o v e rtim e pay ratio for o v e rtim e hours w ork ed .
T h us, the h ou rly rate of pay for o v e r tim e d e c r e a s e s as the num b er o f hours
w ork ed in c r e a s e s .




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau's last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope o f the supervisor's position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the com posite title o f
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels o f responsibility. The size o f the organi-

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B .




21

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, /the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c . , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

22

23

CLERK, AC C O U N TIN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this m aterial.
May keep records of various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto m achine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, colla te, and staple com pleted material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffice r," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5, O X persons; or
C)

25
SECRETARY— C ontinued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-w ide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a m iddle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the sp ecific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent lev el o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5, O X
C)
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent lev el o f officia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Fulln telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d ay-to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p olicies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils.
For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner: and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the veh icle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required.' Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface peculi­
arities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties o f com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those o f
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gate men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an o ffic e , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— C ontinued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P?:epares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving cleik
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 ^ tons)
medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e On R e q u e s t —

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A d ir e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins may be purchased fr om the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
o r f r o m any of the BLS region al sales offic es shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

A rea

Bulletin number
and pric e

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 L------ ---------------------------------- —
Albany—
Schenectady—
-Troy, N. Y. , Apr. 1966 1_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1966 1 _________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., Feb. 1966 1 __
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1966 1----- ...----- -------------------------------Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1965------------------------------- Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1966 1 _
_
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1966______________ , ________
_
Boise City, Idaho, July 1965____ ____________________
Boston, Mass., Oct. 1965 1 __________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,
1465-53,
1465-7 1,
1465-29,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1465-1,
1465-12,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents

Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1966------------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1966__________ _
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1966 1
_____
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1966 1_________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1966 1 --------------------------------New Orleans, La., Feb. 1966 ----------------------------------New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1966 1 ______________ ________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1966--------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 196 5 _____________ _____

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
25
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1465-5,

20 cents
20 cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1965.______________ _____________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1966____________________ ______
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1 ________ ____________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1966 1____________________
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1966 1------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1965__________ ______
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1
---------------------- -------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , Mar. 1966 1-------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965________ __________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1965---------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1965----------------------------------— ____

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1465-7,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1465-8,
1465-15,
1465-24,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465- 13,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1465-23,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— ,
111.
Oct. 1965------------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1965 1 --------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1966 1---------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1966 — -------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1965------------------------------------Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1965-------------------------------------Greenville, S. C. , May 1966 1
-------------------- ---------------Houston, Tex., June 1966 1---------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1965 1----------------------------------

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1965 1 ____________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Pas saic, N. J. , May 1966 1
-----------Philadelphia, Pa.-N. J. , Nov. 1965 1-_______________
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1966 1-------------------------------------Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1966---------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1965 1-----------------------------------Portland, Or eg. —
Wash. , May 1966 1
------------------ ------Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I.—
Mass. ,
May 1966----------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1965 1-------------------------------------Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1965 1 ------------------------------------Rockford, 111., May 1966 1________ ___________________

1465-65,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-16,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
1.465-4,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1465-22,
1465-32,
1465-78,

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1465-80,
1530- 1,

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1465-2,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

St. Louis, Mo.-111., Oct. 1965______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1965_____________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1966-----------------------------------San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1965 1_________________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1965-----------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1966 1-------------San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1965 1
-----------------------------------Savannah, Ga. , May 1966 1
----------------------------------------Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1965 1__________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1965 1------------------------Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1965 1_____________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1966 1-----------------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1966 ---------------------------------------Tampa— Petersburg, Fla__________________________
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1966______________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1965____________________________
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va., Oct. 1965_______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1966 1______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1965___________________________
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1965____________________________
Worcester, Mass., June 1966 1______________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1966 1_______________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1965 1______________

Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1966 1-------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1966-----------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.-Kans. , Nov. 1965 1 ----------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H. , June 1966 1--------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1----Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1966 1 ------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind. , Feb. 1966-------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., June 1966 1
---------------------------------------Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1965----------------------- -----------Memphis, Tenn. —
Ark. , Jan. 1966 1__________________
Miami, Fla., Dec. 1965 1------------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1
----------------------1

Data
on establishment


practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-20, 30 cents
1465-21, 20 cents
1465-43, 30 cents
1465-19, 25 cents
1465-69, 25 cents
1465-3,
25 cents
1465-9,
30 cents
1465-17, 25 cents
1465-55, 25 cents
1465-75, 20 cents
(N t p io sly su e e )
o rev u
rv y d
1465-49, 20 cents
1465-34, 20 cents
1465- 14, 25 cents
1465-52, 25 cents
1465-18, 20 cents
1465-11, 20 cents
1465-83, 25 cents
1465-40, 25 cents
1465-25, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102