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A

C?< '

Area
Wage
Survey

y

Huntsville, Alabama,
Metropolitan Area,
February 1977

°

Bulletin 1950- 4
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

* ^
<b

a J ' jr$
?
* vV
< ?




o °'

&

Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a F e b r u a r y 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
pational e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s
in the H u n ts v i l l e ,
A l a b a m a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as
p a r t of the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du ct ed by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta, G a . , un der the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not ha ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p ­
e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is
f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b ulle tin.
T h e B u re au w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the public d om a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d with out p e r m i s s i o n of the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit




the B u re au
public ation.

of

Labor

Statistics

and

c ite

the

nam e

and

nu mber

of

this

Note:
A v a i l a b l e f o r the H u n ts v i l l e a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r ate s
f o r building t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s of
t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See bac k c o v e r
for a d d resses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Huntsville, Alabama,
Metropolitan Area,
February 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
April 1977

C o n te n ts

Bulletin 1950-4

For sale by the Superintendent of Ddcumerits, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.
Price for FRASER
Digitized $1.60.



Page

Page

I n tr o d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

2

B -4.

T ab les:

B -5.

A.

B -6.

E a r n in g s , all e s tab lishm en ts:
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y earnings of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------ 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y earnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chnic al w o r k e r s , by s e x --------A - 4 . H o u rly e arnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p ow e rp lan t w o r k e r s -------------------A - 5 . H o u r l y e arning s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------A - 6 , A v e r a g e h o u r l y e arnings of
m ainte nance, to o lr o o m ,
powerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and custo dial w o r k e r s ,
A-7.

B.

3

B-7.

Ap p end ix A .
Ap p end ix B.
6

7

8

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted f o r
e m p lo ym e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occupational g r o u p s ----------10

E s tab lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and sup p le ­
m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m entran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d typists
and c l e r k s ----------------------------------- 11
B - 2 , L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e manufactu ring
plant w o r k e r s -------------------------------12
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and
days o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t
w o rk e r s -------------------------------------- 13

Annual paid h o lid ays f o r f u l l ­
tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------------- 14
P a id vacatio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s -------------------------15
Health, insurance, and pension
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ----------17
L i f e in s u ran ce plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------------------------ 18
Scope and method of s u r v e y ------------ 21
O ccupation al d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 26

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in wh ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc cup ational e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f its .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In e ach a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In for­
m a ti o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e f its ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is obta ined e v e r y t h ird y e a r .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n in g s of
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l in d u s tr i e s and f o r m anufactu rin g
and no nm anufa cturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
te nance w o r k e r s in no nm anufa cturing b e c a u s e the n u m b er of w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this oc c u p atio n al group in nonm anu fa cturing is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r '
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s cau s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t shifts
a m on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e ap p end ix A.

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s ha ve b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b ull etin s a r e is sued.
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n ts nation al and r e ­
g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d St ate s, e xclud in g A l a s k a
and H aw a ii.

B - s e r i e s ta b les

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th rough the a n a l y s i s of (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s tr i b u t i o n o f w a g e s by occupation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y occup atio nal c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s i s ta n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e
C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
A -s e rie s

T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n ce
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s in m an u fac tu rin g; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on sched ule d w e e k l y ho ur s and days o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; paid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a ti o n s ; health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans;
and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n on l i f e in s u r a n c e plans.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m ethod s and con ce p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey program .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the sc op e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , on the a r e a ' s in d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa c tu rin g , and on
lab or-m an agem en t agreem en t covera ge.

ta b le s

T a b l e s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occupations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u fa c tu rin g and nonm anu fa cturin g in d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used b y B u re au
o m i s ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occup ation.

2

field econ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in H u n tsv ille , A la ., February 1977
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)______

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—

s

A vera ge
w eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

8o

90

s

100

s

and
under

90
ALU

s

110

$

120

“

100

130

130

s

1*0

5

150

I

160

s

170

s

180

I4Q

150

16p

170

18Q

19Q

200

14

$

40.0 192.00 180.50 1 6 0 .0 0 40.0 195.00 173.00 1 4 8 .5 0 40.0 190.50 184.00 1 6 3 .5 0 -

2 1 9 .5 0
2 42 .50
2 1 6 .0 0

12
9
3

4

6

20

26

14

23

2

11

25

6
8

17

SECRETARIESt CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

23
19

40.0 208.00 2 0 0 . 0 0 1 5 2 .0 0 40.0 202.50 2 0 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

2 6 4 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0

2

2

-

3

1
1

3
3

SECRETARIESt CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ nonm anufacturing ----

56

2 4 2 .0 0
2 82 .00
2 3 9 .0 0

1

3

35

40.0 214.00 219.00 1 8 0 .0 0 40.0 214.50 189.50 1 5 0 .5 0 40.0 213.50 223.00 1 9 4 .0 0 -

1

2

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

61
49

40.0 173.50 174.00 1 6 1 .0 0 40.0 179.00 177.50 1 6 4 .0 0 -

189 .50
190 .00

13
13

15

40.0 156.50 163.00 1 5 3 .0 0 -

167 .50

39.5 175.50 190.00 1 4 0 .0 0 39.5 182.00 194.00 1 6 1 .0 0 -

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0

39.0 167.50 182.00 1 3 6 .0 0 -

198 .00

CLASS

21

E

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --STENOGRAPHERSt

GENERAL

STENOGRAPHERSt SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —
TYPISTS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

28

—

22

145
46
99

---

SWITCHBOARD

28
26

1

16

—

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NONMANUFACTURING —

A

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NONMANUFACTURING

B

PAYROLL CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING

19

6

1

11

30

19

30

40.0 1 2 2 .0 0 106.00 103.50-143.00

12

12

12

9

40.0 109.50 107.00 103.0C-111.50

30
17

40.0 138.50 123.00 118.00 ■177.00
39.5 124.00 118.00 118.00 •126.50

7
7

2

112
65
47

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

39.5 149.00 145.00 130.00 ■160.50
40.0 153.50 140.5C 115.00 •171.50
39.0 142.50 145.00 132.00 ■153.50

10

20

42
19
23

40.0 176.50 160.00 145.0040.0 204.00 190.00 164.5040.0 154.00 148.00 145.0039.5 132.00 132.00 114.5040.0 133.00 132.00 110.5038.5 131.00 132.00 120.00-

12

12
6
6

7
3
4

10

9

5
7

11

4

2

10

3

1

18

7

8

12

40.0 139.50 132.00 126.50-158.00
40.0 137.50 132.00 125.00-133.50

14

2

1
1

150.00
155.00
150.00

31
26

18

8

3

3
3

12

1

184.00
241.50
160.00

70
46
24

3
2

2

9

6
10
8

* W o rk e rs w e re at $ 300 to $ 320.
See footn otes at end o f tables.




19
3

12
11

2

16

OPERATORS

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

1

1

1
1

40.0 148.50 145.00 112.50 ■170.50
39.5 162.50 159.50 146.50' •180.00

15

---------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

113.50
159.50

84
51

T Y P I S T S t C L A S S A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----CLERKS

152 .50

9

1
1

40.0 179.50 193.00 1 5 2 .0 0 2 0 5 .0 0
40.0 186.00 195.00 1 8 7 .5 0 - 2 0 5 .5 0
40.0 142.00 140.00 1 1 2 .5 0 40.0 122.50 108.00 1 0 6 . 0 0 40.0 151.00 150.00 1 3 7 . 0 0 -

3

s

200

s

210

$

220

$
230

s

240

s

i
250

i

s

11
11

4

1

1

4
4

1
1

1
7
6

14

210

220

230

240

250

260

26o

280

—

178
52
126

FILE

19o

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---

SECRETARIESt

s

*"

120

no

s

—

280

300
and

300 o v e r

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

of
workers

1

w eekly
(standard

M ean

*

M edian

*

M idd le ranged

Numbe r o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
S
i ---------S
S
1
S
1
S
$
S
S
S
1
s
*
s
S
S
S
s
$
90
120
140
150
160
80
lo o
110
170
180
130
190
200
210
220
260
280
240
250
300
230
and
under
90

100

110

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

1
-

7
2

21
3

10
5

12
1

5
4
1

8
-

1
-

1
1

1
1

-

•
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

•
-

1
1

1
1

•
-

.
•

2
2

-

-

•

1
1

-

-

-

.
-

260

280

300

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS-------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING---------- ------------ ------ --------

70
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 3 3 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

$
1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0

$
$
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

-

1
1

1
1
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING-------- ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- — --------------

45
17
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 S .0 0 - 1 7 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

_

-

1
1

21
3
18

6
2
4

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




4

7
4
3

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

.

.
-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
W eekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in du stry d ivis io n

of

1

(standard)

Numbe r o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earning s o f—
s

s

Average
w eekly

90
Mean

*

M edian

*

M idd le range*

s
100

$

s
120

no

$
130

$
140

s
150

s

160

r$

s

170

180

$
200

$

S

S

220

240

260

$

S

S

280

300

320

s

s
340

360

%

380

and
under
100

400
and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

-

2

1

6

200,

220

240

260

280

16

10

15

9

320

340

360

380

6

11

6

8

4

6

i

4

2

4

i

A

2

A

*

300

*

400

ove r

ALL WORKERS
$
$
$
40.0 351.00 341.00 323.50-376.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
94

4 0.0 2 5 9 . 5 0

248.00

209.50-296.50

40.0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) -----

287.50

1
5

256.50-341.50

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S )*

8

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
37

234.50

1

\7

1

x

208.00-25l.00
12
1

5

10
1

8
1

2

7

7

ELE CTRONICS

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS 0 —

51

221.00

3
2
1

n

9

2

i
i

2
2

1

10

3

1
1

12
12

13

“

13

*

213.00-229.50

4 0.0

243.00 247.00

214.00-270.00

.

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




15
7
8

1

DRAFTERS* CLASS A

152.00-177.00
166.0C-222.00

6
5
i

A

1

10

1

25
57

1 6 0.00
200.00

40.0 2 2 3 . 5 0

“ p N U t A v 1U “ INu
""
NONMANWFACTURING ------------------

40 0
40.0 173. 0 0
40.0 195. 0 0

6

12
17
2

1

4 0.0

9

5

2

6

1
2

—
2

*

*

*

•

*

•

•

-

*

5

7

6

18

6

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
Average
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex,

5

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of

W eek ly
hours *
(standard

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

WOMEN

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
worken

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

4 0 .0

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
178
52
126

Number
of
worken

192.00

$

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)9

28

40eC

190.50
SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONnANUr AUTUKiNu
" " " "

30
17

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

138.50
124.00

d.tNr\ o

—

$

2 2 5 .5 0

32
NUNMANUr AC 1 U N

ACCUUN 1 iN v

.

iN b

*••••■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

"

65

2 14 .00

I s i l i o

UHAr

11 K j

*

76

• * * * * * * * " * ■ • "

'•0

NONnANUr A v Iv K ltiu
A

42

4 0 .0

176.50

ACCOUNT INO vLLKI> j f Cl»A«b«? o
M AN U r A O l Uh lIN u * " • * * “ • "
NONMANUFACTUPING

24

3 8 .5

131.00

70

4 0 .0

133.50

ACCOUNT INO CLuHI\5v
1

. • L. w t

v la W J j

CLAj j

UN

Ar 1 wHoi vLA b j

A

■■ ■■""

* * "

" " " "

22

2 2 3 .5 0

B -------

51

2 4 3 .0 0

u

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

156 .50
175.50

U H A r 1 tH b i

ELECTRONICS

UL A o j

v •■ •••••

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

PATRQLL vLLHM)
m a n u f a c t u r in g

28

4 0 .0

• • • • • * - * * * *

179.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
U t U u r g 1iv n b

jy p jr y r

142.00
122.50

148.50
M AN U r A O 1U K 1 N u

L " —“ r ■

OeO
F IIF

CLERKS
See footn otes at end o f tables.




6

•

wvnen

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
Hourly earnings

4

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ceivin g straight -tim e h ou rly earning s o f—

S
Occupation and industry d ivis ion

of
workers

S
3.4 0 3 .6 0

Mean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

S
S
3 . 80 4 .0 0

S
S
$
s
S
s
s
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 60 4 . 80 5 . 00 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

s

s

s

I

6 .0 0 6 .2 0

S
S
S
$
S
S
S
6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 . 00 7.2 0 7.6 0 8 .00

8.4 0

6 .2 0 6 .4 0

6 .6 0 6 .8 0

7.0 0

7 , 20 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .40

8.8 0

*

25
25

$

5 .6 0 5 .8 0

and
under
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 . O 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 80 5 , 00 5 . 20 5 .4 0
f)

5 .6 0 5 .8 0

6 .0 0

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

3
3

2
2

4
4

12
11

6
6

*

6
6

3
3

30
29

16
16

-

*

1
1

3

“

4

4

•

4

*

1
I

23
5

6

3

•

*

**

3

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

5 .9 7
5 .9 9

5 .6 9
5 .5 5

5 .3 2 - 6 .8 6
5 .1 4 - 6 .8 6

-

-

-

*

*

*

5
5

3

63

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ----------------- ------- ------- -

no
105

5 .8 9
5 .8 9

5 .4 7
5 .4 7

5 .3 6 - 6 .7 6
5 .3 6 - 6 .7 6

-

-

*

1
1

_

*

8
8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R VEHICLES) ------------------- --------- —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

50
18

5 .2 2
5.2 0

5 .2 8
5 .1 9

4 .9 9 - 5 .3 8
4 .6 1 - 5 .3 8

1
1

1
*

1
*

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---------------------------

15

6 .4 3

6 .7 6

5 .5 7 - 6*76

*

*

*

70

*

3

-

-

*

*

4

-

.

*

*

”

*

*

2
*

*

*

3

1
'

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




7

6

*

-

_

34
34

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

4

1

6
6

-

-

-

-

l

4

*

4
4

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

5

*

*

-

“

3

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
Hourly earnings

N
Occupation and industry division

*

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earning

S

l

of
workers

2 .2 0
Mean 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

I
2 .4 0

S

S
2 .6 0 2 .8 0

s
3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

o f—

s
s
S
1
S
i
S
s
S
S
S
3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 . 20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

t

s
5 .8 0

T ------ T ~
1 ------ T ~ "
6 .0 0 6 . 20 6 .4 0 6*-80

and
under
2 .4 0

2 .6 0 2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0

4 .4 0 4*60 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 . 40 5 .6 0

5 t 8fl 6 .0 0

6 .2 0 6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

ALL WORKERS
$

66

$

$

4 .1 6

4 .1 3

2 .6 8 - 5 .1 9

$

3

10

JJ
12

8

37
TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER ----K H » u 1V u n 5

■■ ■

4 .1 7

4 .1 8

3 .6 6 - 4 .1 8

68

4 .8 0

4 .8 9

4 .3 1 - 5 .1 9

3

-

1

18

-

-

-

1

3

i
-

3

ii

J

-

1

-

1

15

3

2

3

n

1

3

7

12

7

2

-

7

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 «4 C 3*4 0 "

aaBI1

1
1U*
3.3

j

!)•
J

Jw

J

3 .1 0 -

C

J

(J
-

'

GUARDS*

53
JANITORS. PORTERS. ANP CLEANERS

----

...CO

560

2 .7 3

JO*

2 .7 8

8

3*00

2 .4 7 - 2 .8 0

125

42

115

230

*

14
1J

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le s .




8

2

8

11

1

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
Sex,

3

N um ber
of
woikers

occupation, and industry division

A verage
(m e an * )
h ou rly
e a r n in g s 4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

$
|u H A N v L

A verage
(m e a n ^ )
h ou rly
e arn in gs 4

MA TE PI AL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

m a i n t e n a n c e , to o l r o o m , and
P O WERPLANT OCCUP A T I O N S - MEN
H

N um ber
of

b k t v 1K X v l A I .

TRUCKCRIVERS

- CONTINUED
4
>

MAINTENANCE

(MACH I N E R Y )

-

no

-------

4.80
4.03

45

TRACTOR-TRAILER

68

20

TRUCKDRIVERS,
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

4.19
4.43

5.89

mechanics

18

5.20

M A N U r A v I v J K lN u

M A ItKI

AL

HAN

Ur

M A NLIL I N b
Ac. 1 U K i N O

L A D u K tn j

" " "

* • • • •

M A n U i A v 1U N I N u

OCCUP A T I O N S - MEN
GUARDS:
133

wA>> 1 T w h b i

r U K | L K «i f

n A N U r A v 1U K I N u

See footnotes at end o f tables.

9

AND

v L u A ritK i

* " * * “ * —

" " "




Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
em plo ym ent shifts, for selected occupational groups
in H untsville, A la ., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group 5

F e b ru a ry 1972 F e b ru a ry 1973 F e b ru a ry 1974 F e b ru a ry 1975 F eb ru a ry 1976
to
to
to
to
to
F e b ru a ry 1973 F e b ru a ry 1974 F e b ru a ry 1975 F e b ru a ry 1976 F e b ru a ry 1977

A ll industries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
_ _
E lectron ic data p rocessin g
Industrial nurses ________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es ....
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s ____________________

3.6
( 6)
( 6)
4.8
3.8

7.4
( 6)
( 6)
8.5
6.7

6.9
( 6)
( 6)
8.0
12.1

7.6
( 6)
( 6)
6.3
8.1

7.7
( 6)
( 6)
8.9
2.8

Manufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ______________________________
E lec tron ic data p ro ce ssin g __
Industrial n u r s e s __
S killed maintenance tra d es
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s ______________

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

( 6)
(‘ )
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
9.5

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
7.9

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
4.2

See footnotes at end o f tables.

10

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. M in im u m en tra n ce salaries fo r inexperienced typists and clerks in H u n tsv ille , A la ., February 1977
In experien ced typists

M inim u m w e e k ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 8
Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

Based on standard w e e k ly hours 9 o f—

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

24

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

M anufacturing
A ll
A ll
schedules

40

47

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly h ou rs9 of—
40

XXX

71

24

XXX

6

36

14

3

3

1

XXX

*

15

47

40

14

1
1

A ll
schedules

3
1

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED

*
*
2
1

7

*
**
*
2

m
*
•
1
*

1

1
1

•

1
1

1
•
*
2
*

1

$ 1 1 5 . 0 0 A N O U N D E R $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 -------------

3
1

1

12

12

i
1
1
i

I
i

7

i

1

1
1
*

1
1

XXX

XXX

1
i

ESTABLISHMENTS

having

no

i

1

i

19

1

specified

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
16

XXX

See footn otes at end o f tables.




11

XXX

AAA




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
( A l l fu ll- t im e m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs = 100 percen t)
W o rk e rs on la te shifts

A l l w o rk e rs 10
Item
Second shift

T h ird sh ift

Second shift

T h ird shift

S H I F T P R O V I S I O N S --------

82.2

66.7

18.2

7.2

W I T H N O P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K -------W I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K -------------U N I F O R M CENTSL-P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------------------------

1 9.9
62.3
56.9
5.4
-

1 3.7
52.9
47.5
5.4
-

7.7
10.5
9.1
1.4
-

.6
6.6
6.6
•
-

11.0
5.0

14.0
10.0

11.4
5.0

11.2

1.0

11.2

.3

3.1

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN

establishments

with

late

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------P E R C E N T O F W O R K E R S BY T Y P E A N D
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR»
I0C CCHTfi--"
-------------------------il C E N T S
r___
______________________
12 C E N T S ---------- ----------------------------------------------------13 AND U N D E R 14 C E N T S ---------------------------------------15 C E N T S
19 AND U N D E R 20 C E N T S ---------------------------------------22 C E N T S — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

7.5
3.7
4.3
6.7
•

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE 1
5 P E R C E N T ----------------------------- -------------------------------10 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------

5.4

-

See footn otes at end of tables.

12

3.7
20.8
4.3
7.5
5.4

•<
*
.1
1.4
1.9

•

-

(11)
2.0
1.4
-

1.4

-

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
O ffic e w o rk ers

Plant w ork ers
Item
A l l industries

p e r c e n t of w o rkers b y
w e e k ly h o u r s and

Ma nufa c tu r i ng

Nonmanufacturing

100

100

1
3
1
(1 2 )

96
4
-

1
2
7
2
3
78
3
2
1

4 0 .2

4 0 .3

Nonmanufacturing

100

100

100

«.

1
1
8
(1 2 )
3
86
1
-

•
100
-

3 9 .7

4 0 .0

sch eduled
days

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------------------30
32
35
37
38
39
AO
42
45
48
56
58

Manufacturing

A ll in du stries

100

HOURS-5 O A Y S ---------- -----------------------HOURS-6 O A Y S ------------------- --------------HOURS-5 D A Y S --------------------- ------ ------1/2 HOURS-5 D A Y S -------- -----— ----- ----HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------- ----- ------ ----------1/2 HOURS-5 OAYS ---------------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S -------- ----- — — — ---------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S -----— ------------ -------------HOURS-6 D A Y S ---------- -------— — ---------HOURS-7 O A Y S ---------- -------------- ---------HOURS-6 DAYS — --------------- — -----------

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
2
1
1
92

•

i
i

12
(1 2 )
5
79
1
-

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------

4 0 .0

See footn ote at end o f tables.




13

3 9 .6

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS --------

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID H O L I D A Y S ------ ---- --- ----

3

-

13

-

97

100

87

100

100

100

6.0

8.3

6.8

8.3

8.8

8.0

2
1
1
2

(12)

9
5
4
10

(12)
1
(12)
2
4
23
14
4
1
24
11
10
(12)
5

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

PERCENT OE WORKERS
100
_

100
_

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIOAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS ------ -----PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIOAYS PROVIDED
I
3
4
5

HOLIDAY -----------HOLIOAYS -------- — HOLIDAYS ----------HOLIDAYS ----------PLUS l HALF OAY --6 HOLIDAYS ------- ---7 HOLIDAYS ----------8 HOLIOAYS ----------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS —
9 HOLIOAYS ------- ---10 HOLIDAYS ---------II HOLIDAYS ---------13 H O L I D A Y S ------ ---14 HOLIDAYS ----------

-

-

-

-

15
18
7
4
31
9
1

16
23
8
5
33
8

-

12
2
5
24
11
5

-

-

-

4

5

97
94
93
92
90
90
74
56
49
14
5
4
4

-

100
100
99
99
99
99
83
60
52
14
5
5
5

(12)
-

16
24
7
4
27
6
-

16

(12)
1
1
3
5
27
9
2
23
13
15
1

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIOAY TIME PROVIDED1 I
3
9
8
7
6
5
*
I DAY OR MORE------ -------------------------3 DAYS OR MORE---------- -------------------4 DAYS OR MORE------------------------ ------5 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS OR MORE — -------- -----------6 DAYS OR MORE--------------- --------------7 DAYS OR MORE------------------- ---------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------IQ DAYS OR MORE---------- ------------------I I DAYS OR MORE — -------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE---------- ------------------14 D A Y S ---------- — -----------------------------

87
78
73
68
59
69
47
45
39
15
5
-

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




14

100
99
99
99
97
93
70
56
52
26
16
6
5

100
100
99
99
99
99
84
60
53
22
16
16
16

100
99
99
98
95
90
63
54
52
29
16
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A H in d u s trie s

M anu f ac t u r ing

N o n m a n u fa c tu ri ng

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M an u f a c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -------------OTHER PAYMENT --------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

•

•

-

100
75
24
(12)

100
69
31
-

100
93
5
1

100
96
3
(12)

100
92
8
-

100
99
1
(12)

ia

23
22
-

5
32
1
I

10
46
7
6

6
23
16
-

12
58
2
10

•

50
49

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTERt1
4
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE 1
UNDER 1 W E E K ------------- ----1 WEEK
OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — ---2 WEEKS ------------------------

24
(12)
(12)

I YEAR OF SERVICE*
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS — - — ----------------------

(12)
67
27
(12)
6

2 YEARS OF SERVICE*
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
mmmmmmmmmmmmmm
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ----------------------------

(12)
47
46
1
6

3 YEARS OF SERVICE*
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS —
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS

25
68
1
6

28
65
7

18
78

4 YEARS OF SERVICE*
1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS
■
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS

19
(12)
74
1

21
72
-

14

6

7

5 YEARS OF SERVICE*
1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS -----------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------

2

1
74
2

(12)
78
-

21

22

3 “EEKS

..........

-

•
72
20

2
51
47
(12)

7

-

25
72
3
(12)

-

2
17
78
3
-

-

-

10
85
5
(12)

19
80
1

87
8
-

6
77
11
7

8
75
16
1

78
8
10

5
76
11

8
75
16
1

76

(12)
75
25

65

-

57
36
-

7

3

1

2

80
3

1
8

2

4

1
68

63
7

18

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




a

15

6

23

-

-

12
83
5

1

•
5

5

4
8
12
3

1
10
21

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977— Continued
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u f actu r ing

N o nm anu f a c tu r ing

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER14CONTINUEO
10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK
2 W E E K S ------- ----------- - ■. .
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS
"■ ■■ »■ ■■ ■ OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS ------------------------

2
31
1
59
2
5

(12)
32
62
5

8
28
4
49
8
4

2
8
3
75
7
6

(12)
13
•
66
16
5

3
5
4
80
3
6

12 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS ----- — - ........---OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----4 W E E K S --------- — -----

2
26
(12>
64
3
5

(12)
25
70
5

8
28
1
48
10
5

2
5
(12)
70
10
12

(12)
6
72
16
5

3
5
(12)
68
7
16

15 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ——
2 WEEKS ---------"
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3
3 WEEKS
OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4
4 WEEKS
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5

WEEKS ------

2
18
(12)
56
5
18
1

(12)
15
63
4
18
-

8
25
1
36
7
17
6

2
5
(12)
56
6
31
-

(12)
5
63
2
29
-

3
4
(12)
52
7
33
-

20 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
-»
OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS —
OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS -----4 WEEKS ----- --------- --- -----5 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS ----—

2
18
(12)
35
3
29
12
1

(12)
15
37
4
29
15
-

8
25
1
29
2
26
4
6

2
5
(12)
22
3
56
12
-

(12)
5
•
20
2
48
24
-

3
4
(12)
23
3
61
6
-

25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS ----------------------■
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS
—— -■■
OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS -----4 WEEKS
5 WEEKS
■■
OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS ------

2
18
(12)
35
(12)
28
15
1

(12)
15

8
25
1
29
2
13
17
6

2
5
(12)
22
2
42
27
-

(12)
5

3
4
(12)
23
3
38
29
-

2
18
(12)
35
(12)
18
22
1
3

(12)
15

8
25
1
29
2
13
17
6

2
5
(12)
22
2
36
32

(12)
5

■■■— ■ ■ ■ ■
......-.....
WEEKS ----WEEKS ------

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:*
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS -----------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS — 1 »»»»—
»
—■
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----4 WEEKS
• WEEKS
5
OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS -----6 “ EEKS

*

-

37
33
15
-

-

37
•

19
24
-

4

1

Estim ates of provisions for longer periods of service are identical.

See footnotes at end of tables.




•

16

-

20
49
25
-

-

20
-

31
40

—

3

3
4
(12)
23
3
38
29
-

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

Office workers

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS —

—

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW15------------------

99

100

98

100

100

100

LIFE INSURANCE ----------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------

98
68

99
71

92
61

99
77

99
65

99
83

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------

72
48

74
50

65
42

78
59

86
56

73
60

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR B O TH16— — — ■

71

73

66

83

75

87

53
33

61
38

29
16

30
16

55
39

17
4

16

11

31

44

26

54

8

6

13

19

5

26

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------

25
18

24
17

27
20

66
40

66
26

65
48

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE —
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---—

—
~

98
49

99
51

94
43

99
57

99
54

99
59

SURGICAL INSURANCE — ----------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS
—

98
49

99
51

94
43

99
57

99
54

99
59

MEDICAL INSURANCE ----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

97
48

99
51

89
40

48
57

99
54

97
58

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRI8UTORY PLANS

87
39

87
38

86
42

99
51

99
38

99
59

DENTAL INSURANCE -----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

14
12

11
11

21
12

19
17

22
21

17
16

RETIREMENT PENSION — —
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

85
78

91
84

68
59

86
78

91
89

84
71

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
IN SU RA NC E----- ------ --- ---NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) ------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) -------------

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




17

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

I te m
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
pla n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT t
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED!1
9

$4,000
MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT)

----- ---------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED LENGTH OF SERVICE!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18----------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED19AFTER!
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!

$1,000-10,000

4

25

48

49

$4*000

$4,000

$5*000

$5,000

$4,000

$1,000-10,000

$1,000-11,500

$2,000-10,000

$1,500-10,000

$1,000-11*500

$5,900
$5,000
$1,000-11,500
$1,000-11,500

-

-

-

-

$ 4 ,4 0 0
S 4 f0 0 0

$1,000-11,500

4

(6)

4

4

(6)

(6 )

( 6)

1 YEAR OF SERVICE!

(6)

(6)

MEDIAN

4

4

(6)

<6)

(6 )
(6 )

5 YEARS OF SERVICE!

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

\

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

1

10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
HEOIAN
rl 1l/ULL K A rlv t

' J y r t K v t N 1#

MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT)
20 YEARS OF SERVICE!

------------------- -

(6)
(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)

(6)

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




18

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Huntsville, Ala., February 1977— Continued
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Ite m
A ll
pla n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

13

19

15

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 17

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE - CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED AMOUNT OF EARNINGS!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18-----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED1 IF *
9
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $5,0001
MEDIAN
MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $10,000!
ME01 AN
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $15,000«
MEDIAN
■■■**■■-**— ■
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) — --------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ---------- ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $20,000!
MEDIAN
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------- ---MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL EARNINGSl2
0
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18---— ----- FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE!1 2
9 0
MEOIAN — — — — — — — ------------ MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
SPECIFIED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INSURANCE!1
9
MEDIAN
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF PLAN!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18-------------

19

22

32

18

$6,300
$5,000
$1,000-11,000
$1,000-12.500

$6,300
$5,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-12,500

$5,900
$5,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-12,500

$6,000
$5,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-12,500

$7,800
$5,000
$5,000-10,000
$4,000-16,000

$8,200
$5,000
$5,000-15,000
$5,000-16,000

$13,700
(6)
(6)
(6)

$14*600
(6)
(6)
(6)

$9,700
$12,500
$1,000-12.500
$1,000-18.000

$7,900
$10,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-12,500

$7,400
$10,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-15,000

$6,500
$10,000
$1,000-12,500
$1,000-12,500

$15,000
$16,000
$10,000-20,000
$10,000-20,000

$14,800
$16,000
$10,000-20,000
$10,000-20.000

$14,700
(6)
(6)
(6)

$14*700
(6)
(6)
(6)

$14,200
$16,500
$1*500— 25*000
$1,500-30.000

$11,200
$10,000
$1,500-16,500
$1,500-25,000

$11,300
$10,000
$1,500-16,500
$1,500-30,000

$9,200
$10,000
$1,500-16,500
$1,500-16,500

$24,300
$24,000
$15,000-30,000
$15,000-40,000

$24,200
$24,000
$15,000-30.000
$15,000-40,000

$23,400
(6)
(6)
(6)

$22*800
(6)
(6)
(6)

$17,100
$22,000
$1,500-25,000
$1,500-35,000

$13,800
$10,000
$1,500-22,000
$1,500-25,000

$13,100
$10,000
$1,500-22,000
$1,500-30,000

$11,100
$10,00ft
$1,500-22,000
$1,500-22,000

$31,000
$30,000
$20,000-40,000
$20,000-50,000

$31,000
$32,000
$20,000-40.000
$20,0(00-50,000

$29,600
(6)
(6)
(6)

$29*600
(6)
(6)
(6)

25

23

1.35
1.00
1.00-1.25
1.00-2.50

1.29
1.00
1.00-1.25
1.00-2.50

29
1.41
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

26
1.35
1.00
1.00-1.25
1.00-2.50

38
1.57
1.00
1.00-2.00
I•00^2*50

36

44

1.54
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

1.44
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

19

24

22

35

7

7

15

15

10

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

-

-

18

22

5

5

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(12)

(12)

20

See footnotes at end o f tables.




33

19

$123,900
$123,900
$100,000
$100,000
ilOO,000-100,000 $100,000-100.000
(100,000-300,000 $100,000-300,000

(12)

(12)

38
1.36
1.00
1.001.00-

1.50
2.50

29
10

$175,700
$100,000
$50*000-300,000
$50*000-300,000

$175*700
$100*000
K50*000-30(k*AOO
$50,000-300*000

-

-

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e s ta n dard foo tn o te s m a y not ap p ly to this bulle tin.

1 In cludes p ay m e n ts other than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
4
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r t e d to an equiv ale nt t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e cho se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e ­
f l e c t in d iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o ­
p ortion s at 10 y e a r s inclu de changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s
a r e cu m u lativ e .
Thus, the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
a f t e r 10 y e a r s in clud es th os e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r
y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
15 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty pe o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r wh ich
at l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
"N on contrib utory
p la n s " include only th ose fin a n c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E xclud ed a r e
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans, such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p en s a tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 Unduplic ated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s ickn ess and
6
a c c id e n t in s u ran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e low .
S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to
th os e wh ich d e f i n i t e l y e s ta b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m number of d a y s ' pay
that each e m p l o y e e can exp e c t.
I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an ind iv id u al b a s is a r e exclud ed.
1 E s t i m a t e s un der " A l l p lan s " r e l a t e to a l l plans f o r which at l e a s t
7
a p a r t of the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r .
E s t i m a t e s un der " N o n c o n t r i b ­
u to r y p la n s " in clude on ly th ose fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
18 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a l l f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
equal 100 p e rc e n t.
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " a l l f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s or
o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m an u fac tu rin g equal 100 p e rc e n t.
1 T h e m e a n amount is c om pute d by m u ltip ly in g the nu m b er of w o r k e r s
9
p r o v i d e d in s u r a n c e by the amount o f in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , to ta ling the p r o d ­
ucts , and d iv id in g the sum b y the number o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n ind icates
that ha lf of the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and half
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown.
M i d d l e range (50 p e r ­
cent)--- a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to or l e s s than
the s m a l l e r amount and a fo u r th a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to or m o r e
than the l a r g e r amount.
M id d l e r a n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t of the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
2 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b er by wh ich annual e arn in g s
0
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e t e r m i n e the amount of i n s u r a n c e p ro v id e d .
F o r exam ple,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s that f o r annual e a r n in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the amount of
in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d is $20, 000.

St an dar d ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k l y
hours.
2 T h e m e a n is com pute d f o r eac h jo b by to tali ng the e a r n in g s of
a l l w o r k e r s and d i v id in g by the number of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
nates p o s itio n — h a lf of the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r ate shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is defin ed
by tw o ra te s of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s e a r n the s am e or l e s s than
the l o w e r of th es e r a te s and a fourth e a r n the s a m e or m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n in g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s w h os e s e x id e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and la te shifts .
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 197 6 r e l a t e to m e n on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A l l other e s t i m a t e s r e ­
la te to m e n and w om en.
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e hir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e paid f o r stan da rd w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l standa rd w o r k w e e k s c om b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n dard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
10 In clu des a l l plant w o r k e r s
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t ­
ing la t e s h ifts , and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g late
shifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
1
12 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
1 A l l c om b in a tio n s o f fu ll and ha lf days that add to the s a m e amount
3
a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to tal of
10 days inclu des th ose w ith 10 full days and no ha lf d ay s, 9 fu ll days and
2 h a lf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 4 ha lf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum ulate d.




20

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e fits a r e obta ined by p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re au f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In each o f the
i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , in f o r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o l l e c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h on e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta ined f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u fa c­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c om m u n ic a tio n , and oth e r publi c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d ustry gro u p s e xclu d ed f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c on s t ru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u ffic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m ent in the occupations studied.
S e p a r a te ta bula tions a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s try d i v i s i o n s which m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e condu cted on a s a m p l e b a s is .
T h e s am pli n g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in the
s c o p e o f an in dividual a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t ha ving a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts is s e l e c t e d .
Wh en data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that unbiased e s t i m a t e s a r e
generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f
the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is cho sen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
cation i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
suita ble sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , addition al w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O ccup ation s and e arn in g s
O c c u p ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu ring and no nm anu fa cturin g i n d u s tr i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ial.
O ccup ation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n i fo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the s am e job.
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a.— . C . ;
N
and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n le s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job t i t l e s
a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s com b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occup ations
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d i v i s i o n s w ith in the scop e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s b e c a u s e e i th e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m ent in the oc c u p atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
ta tio n, o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind ivid ual e s ta b lis h m en t
data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d when the
nu m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n ti f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w o m e n id e n ti f i e d in an occup atio n.
E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r ind us try d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c om b in ed .
L i k e w i s e , f o r oc c u p atio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r i n fo rm a tio n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E arnings
data exc lud e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho lid a ys ,
and late s hifts .
N on p r od u c tio n bon us es a r e exc lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e bon us es a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l occup ations r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rou n de d to the n e a r e s t ha lf hour) f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occup ations
a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l in e s with in the d is trib u tio n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic ate a chan ge in the s i z e o f the c la s s
intervals.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p atio n al e arn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f ind iv id u al occup atio nal a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e xp e c te d w a g e chan ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jobs a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jobs and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p lo y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e e ven though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s dur ing the y e a r .
C hanges in e arn in g s o f oc c u p atio n al g ro u p s, shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e arnin gs changes f o r
indiv idual jo b s with in the g ro up s.
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s .
I n d u s tr ies
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and job staffin g , and thus contribute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong job s in individual e s ta b lis h m en ts .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s with in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n l y the r a t e s p aid
in cum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in ind iv id u al
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am o n g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e job s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

W a ge trends fo r

s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g
the t r e n d jo b s in both th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t shif ts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu ded
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p atio n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p aid
under pla ns p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tt o m
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a c han ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch an ge s r e l a t e to w a g e chan ges b e tw e e n the in d ic ate d
d a te s .
When th e t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a t e s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant r a t e
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )
O c c u p atio n s used to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, g en eral
Sten ograph ers, senior
T yp is ts , classes
A and B
F ile c le rk s , classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s 2

O rd e r c le rk s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n ti n g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

In 1977, switchboard operators are included in the wage trend computation for all except the following
areas: Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport-Rock Island-Molihe, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
Portland (Oregon), Providence-Warwick—
Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle-Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.




E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m ain te n an c e

C o m p u te r s y s t e m s
a n a l y s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Carpenters
E lectrician s
Painters
M achinists
M ech anics (m achinery)
M ech anics (m o to r vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s t r i a l n u rs e s

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r i a l
n u rs e s

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t chan ges f o r
as f o l l o w s :

i

areas

in th e p r o g r a m a r e c om pute d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u te d f o r eac h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The avera ges a re derived
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

2.

E ac h oc c u p atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in
th e b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c om p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a ti o n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s ( c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o ta le d
to ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c om p ute d by d i v id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r es u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m eth o d used to com p ute
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an uary 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e i n c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is stu died f o r f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P la n t w o r k e r s in clude n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
en g ag ed in n o n o ff i c e functio ns.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and route w o r k e r s a r e
e x c lu d e d in m an u fac tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , but included in nonm anufa cturing
in d u s tr ie s .)
O f f i c e w o r k e r s include n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g
s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d functio ns.
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a i n e e s a r e included a m on g n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u ­
t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l as c o n s t ru c tio n w o r k e r s
u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e xc lu d e d f r o m both the plant and o f f i c e
w o rk e r categories.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b l e B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts v i s i t e d .
B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts to have f o r m a l e n t r a n c e

ra te s above the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the tab le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
( T h e " X ' s " shown under standard
w e e k l y ho ur s in d ic ate that no m e a n in g fu l to ta ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m anufactu rin g (ta b le B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m an u fac tu rin g e s t a b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
plant w o r k e r s on la t e s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as having p o l i c i e s
a r e th os e w h ich ( 1 ) h a ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n o f late
s hifts , o r ( 2 ) h a ve o p e r a t e d la te shif ts at any t i m e dur ing the 1 2 months
preceding a survey.
Wh en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ich
v a r y by jo b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
recorded.
When e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ich apply on ly to c e r t a i n
hours o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f the shift ho ur s is
recorded.
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a la te shift is e i t h e r a second ( e v e n in g )
shift w h ic h ends at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a t h i r d (night) shift w h ich starts at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r second and t h ird shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r ( 1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s ta b l i s h m e n t's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by
a ll plaint w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m en t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) and ( 2 )
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s ta b l i s h m e n t's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
Scheduled w e e k l y h o urs; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and health,
in s u r a n c e , and p ension p l a n s .
P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h apply to a m a j o r i t y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m en t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to ap ply to a ll
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m en t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d no nexiste nt wh en it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
Holidays;
v a c a tio n s ; and health, i n s u r a n ce , and p e n s ion plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e l i g i b l e .
Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and days (ta b le B - 3 ) . Scheduled w e e k l y
hours and days r e f e r to the nu m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d ay ) shift w o r k e r s a r e e xp e c te d to w o r k , w h eth e r paid f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a te s .
P a i d ho lid a ys (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o l i d a y s a r e included o n ly i f th ey a r e
g ra n te d annually on a f o r m a l b as is ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s t a b ­
l i s h e d b y c u s to m ).
T h e y a r e included even though in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r
th ey f a l l on a n o n w o rk d ay and e m p l o y e e s a r e not g ran ted an oth er day o ff.
E m p l o y e e s m a y be p aid f o r th e t i m e o f f o r m a y r e c e i v e p r e m i u m pay in
li e u o f t i m e off.
Data a r e tab ula ted to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ran te d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf h o li d ays and ( 2 ) a r e g ran te d s p e c i f i e d
amounts o f t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e (w h o le and h a lf ho li d ays a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .
P a i d v a c a tio n s (ta b l e B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e i r m ethod o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a tio n p ay ( t i m e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e tc .) and the amount o f v ac atio n p a y gran te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b on uses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s ic plans a r e excluded.
F o r tabulating v a c a tio n pay g ra n te d , a l l p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p ay c a lc u la te d on oth e r than a t i m e b as is is
c o n v e r t e d to its equiv ale nt t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is tab ula te d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a tio n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r each s p e c i f i e d le ngth o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a l l plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m en t r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f




serv ic e .
V a c a t i o n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount o f v a c a tio n
pay as s e r v i c e le ng the n s.
Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length o f
s e r v i c e w e r e not obta ined.
T h e tabulations o f v a c a tio n pay g ran te d p r e s e n t ,
t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s ac tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans ( ta b le s B - 6 and B - 7 L
H e alth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans include plans f o r w h ich the e m p l o y e r pays
e i th e r a l l o r p art o f the c o s t .
T h e cos t m a y be (1) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n ce c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n i z a t i o n , ( 2 ) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ich th e e m p l o y e r has con trib u ted , o r (3) b orne d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fund set a s i d e to c o v e r the cos t.
A plan is included e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
men t do not c h o o s e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p art o f its c o s t ( p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p en s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e 3 a r e excluded.
L i f e i n s u r a n ce includes f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g in dem nity (u s u a lly
th ro u gh an in s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n is a ls o p r o v i d e d in t a b le B - 7 on ty p e s o f l i f e insuran ce plans
and th e amount o f c o v e r a g e in a l l in d u s tr ie s c om b in e d and in m anufactu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to plans wh ich
p r o v i d e b e ne fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f death o r l o s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an ac c id en t.
Sickness and ac c id e n t i n s u r a n ce inclu des o n ly th ose plans which
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p ay m e n ts be m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f il l n e s s o r in ju r y , e . g . , $50 a w e e k
f o r up to 2 6 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .
Sick l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 wh ich p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay dur ing a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b ecause o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n ( 1 ) plans w h ich p r o v i d e fu ll pay w ith no
w a it in g p e r i o d , and ( 2 ) plans w h ich e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w a it in g p e r i o d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered wo deers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island.
Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New Yotk, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State mles that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance
benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether woik-connected or not.
The legislation requires
that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n ce plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to t o t a l l y
d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a ti o n o f t h e i r paid s ic k l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
ne s s and ac c id e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 months).
P a y m e n t s a r e m ad e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f its .
Fu ll or partial p a y ­
m en ts a r e a l m o s t a lw a y s red u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r i v a t e pe n s io n b e n e fits p ay ab le to the d is a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u ran ce plans r e p o r t e d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e full o r p a r t i a l pay m e nt f o r b a s ic s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s h o s pital r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
ot h e r h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s .
M edical
i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r ho spital c a l l s .
P lans
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l in s u ran ce .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s uran ce c o v e r a g e ap p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
beyo nd the b a s ic s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d under h o s p i t a l i z a ti o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u ran ce .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $50) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e gin , ( 2 ) has a c o in su ra n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s the in sured to pay a p o r ti o n ( e . g . , 2 0 p e rc e n t) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10 ,0 0 0 a y ea r).

L ab or-m an ag em en t agreem ent c o v e ra g e
T h e f o l l o w i n g ta bulation shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e plant and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the H u n ts v i l l e a r e a in w h ich
a union c o n t r a c t o r c o n tra c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , F e b r u a r y 1977:
Plant w o r k e r s
A l l i n d u s t r i e s ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______

O ffic e w o r k e r s
^3
jh

33
37
19

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g all plant
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by a l a b o r m anagem ent agreem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , all o t h e r plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s are
e m p l o y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e i t h e r do not ha ve l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t con­
t r a c t s in e f fe c t , o r ha ve c on tra c t s that apply to f e w e r than h a lf o f t h e i r plant
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the extent
to w h ic h all w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e exclu ded and the
in d u s tr ia l sc op e o f the s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

Dental in s u ran ce plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f its ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e b e n e fits
on ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a c c id en t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t pe n s ion plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p aym ents to the r e t i r e e
for life .
Included a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans which p r o v i d e the option
o f p u r c h a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.




In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m an u fa c tu rin g
A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in
the H u n ts v ille a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
The follow ing
p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s tr y group s and s p e c i f i c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f
a ll m an u fac tu rin g:
In d u s try group s

S p e c i f i c in d ustr ies

E l e c t r i c a l equ ip m en t
and s u p p l i e s ____________________ 23
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 13
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ___ 13
C h e m i c a l s and a llie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________
9
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s _________
8
M achin ery, except
e l e c t r i c a l _____________________
5
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ___
5

C o m m u n ic a tio n e q u i p m e n t ___ 15
M e a t p r o d u c t s __________________ 9
M e n ' s and b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s . . 9
W e a v i n g m i l l s , cotton ________ 7
P l a s t i c s m a t e r i a l s and
s y n t h e t i c s _____________________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b as e d on e s t i m a t e s o f tota l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d b e f o r e actual s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r io u s in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b as e d on the r e s u lt s
o f the s u r v e y as shown in appendix table 1 .

24

Appendix ta b le 1. E stablishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in H u n tsville, A la .,1 February 1977
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s t r y d i v is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f stu d y

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y 5

Studied
T o t a l4

S tudied
N um ber

ALL DIVI SION S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------- -----------------------whol es al e tra de
----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
-----------SERVICES8 ------------------------------------------------------------

_

F u l l- t i m e
o ffic e w o rk e r s

T o t a l4

155

70

35 ,2 64

100

23,58 3

3, 05 5

23,1 32

50
“

67
88

24
46

21 ,4 09
13,855

61
39

17,690
5, 8 93

1,052
2,0 03

13,936
9, 19 6

50
50
50
50
50

3
2
43
8
32

3
2
17
6
18

825
229
4 ,8 7 3
993
6, 9 35

2
1
14
3
20

( 6>
( 6)
<6)
( 6>
( 6>

825
229
2,4 57
848
4, 83 7

1 T h e H u n ts v ille S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by th e O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f L im e s to n e , M a d is o n , and M a r s h a ll C o u n tie s .
The
" w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in t h is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te
d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a re
not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, f o r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t
tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in adva nce o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d fr o m th e scope
o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T he 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w a s used to c la s s if y
e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
scope o f th e s u rv e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r above th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll
o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e re d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a ra te
p la n t and o f fic e c a te g o r ie s .




P e rc e n t

F u l l- t i m e
p la n t w o rk e r s

(
(
(
(
(

6>
6>
6)
7)
6>

5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n a re e x c lu d e d .
H u n ts v ille 's e le c ­
t r i c and gas u t il it ie s a r e m u n ic ip a lly o p e ra te d and a r e e x c lu d e d by d e fin itio n f r o m th e scope o f
th e s tu d y .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in
th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m ade f o r one o r m o re o f th e fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e
enough d a ta to m e r it s e p a ra te s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w as not d e sig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a ra te
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4)
th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e rs f r o m t h is e n tir e d iv is io n a re r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and
" n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r tio n o n ly in e s tim a te s
f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is n o t m ade f o r one o r m o re o f th e re a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

25

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e occupations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the gro up ing o f occupational
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a ­
s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y of occupational
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th ose
in us e in in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d f o r other pu rpo s es .
In ap p ly in g t h e s e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s tr u c te d to e xc lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handicapped
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r ed u c e d b e c a u s e of t h e i r handicap a r e a l s o
exclud ed .
T r a i n e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e xc e p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g in s o m e of the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
te c h n i c a l occupations.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one ind iv id u al.
M ain tain s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a ti o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d ep end ently r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e ta i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routin e and understanding o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts
f e s s i o n a l , te c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d.

Not a l l p o s itio n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d efin ition
a r e as f o l l o w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

Exclusions

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not
d e s c r i b e d above;

m e e t the

"p erso n a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p os itio n s w h ich enta il m o r e d i f fi c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties wh ich
a r e not t y p ic a l- o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l occupations f o r w h ic h r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s o r t i t l e s a r e b e in g in tro d u ce d
in this s u r v e y :
O r d e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e t y p is t
M ac h in e t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m )

T o o l and die m a k e r
Guard
S h ip per and r e c e i v e r
(p re v io u sly surveyed
as shipping and
receivin g clerk )
T ru ckd river

T h e B u re a u has d is contin ued c o l l e c t i n g data f o r t a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . W o r k e r s p r e v i o u s l y
c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e now c l a s s i f i e d as guards un der the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

26

secretary

to a group

concept

of p ro­

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not fit any o f the situations l i s t e d in the
s e c t io n s b e l o w t i t l e d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in ees.

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo bs w h ic h m e e t the ab ov e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m atc h e d at
one o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c hart f o l l o w i n g the explanations o f th es e two
f a c t o r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e ach com bination o f the
factors.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com p any
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n of
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

c.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o rt a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
za tio n a l s e g m e n t ofte n i n v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r i e s should be m a tc h e d at one o f the fo u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r with in the com pan y
o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

a.

org anization al

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r as s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n icia n
o r expert.
(N O TE :
Many
c om p an ie s as s ign s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b ov e , to this l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o r y o r n on su pervisory w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u ti v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n wh ose r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not equiv ale nt to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in
the d e fin ition f o r L S —
3, but w h os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p l o y e e s and is usually d iv id e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts wh ic h a r e ofte n, in turn, f u r th e r
subdiv ided. In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , this l e v e l includes a w id e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; or

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 1 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 1 0 0
but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s tr ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r
geo grap h ic o r org an iza tion al segm ent (e .g ., a region al headquar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above LS d e f ­
inition r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m ak in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r com pany a c t i v i t i e s .
The t itle " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , does not in all c ases
i d e n tify such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h os e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on ind iv id u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
ind iv id u al loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in dividual tr u s t ac counts; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f ap plying the d efin ition .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R espo n sibility (L R )
T h i s f a c t o r ev alu ate s the natu re o f the w o r k rela tio n sh ip b e tw e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c i s e in i t i a t i v e and jud gm ent. S e c r e t a r i e s should be m atc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
2
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l duties including o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s t e le p h o n e s ,
c om in g m a i l .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h on e r eq u e sts w h ich ha ve stan da rd a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s by sending a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o t h e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ign atu re to ens u re p r o c e d u r a l and
typograph ica l accuracy.

d.

M ain tain s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
i n s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r i b e s d ictatio n, and f i l e s .

an in d iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all,

greets

personal

c a le n d a r

and

callers,

m a k es

and

opens

app ointments

in­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C ontinued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S ten ograph er, Senior

P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r i b e d under L R —1 and, in a d d ition p e r f o r m s
ta s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e functions
in clu ding o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u i r e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro ced u res o r collection of inform ation f r o m file s o r
other o ffic e s.
M a y sign routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r ' s nam e.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p ilin g p e r i o d i c
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

Sch ed u le s te n t a ti v e ap pointm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b ac k groun d m a t e r i a l f o r s c hed uled m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

OR

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g wh ich can
be handled b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ub ord inates o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y also set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , takes d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

The follow in g
and L R com b in atio n .

c hart

r e p o r t s on the b a s is

shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h LS

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's
su p ervisor

T R A N S 'C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty pe copy o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w h ich does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith sho rthand d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's respon sibility
T Y P IS T
L R —1

| jE E E E E = E E

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d epen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s te n o gr a p h ic s p ee d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s iness and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e tc . U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h i c duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ainta ining f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and routing in c o m in g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g routine q u e s tio n s , etc .

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic tatio n using sho rthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic tatio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fr o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o cc a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r eco rd in g s (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Typ ist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin ition .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s have been m a d e by an oth er p e r s o n . M a y include
ty p ing o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in dup licating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such
as k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r ti n g and
d is trib u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fi n a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n langu age m a t e r i a l ; o r planning lay out
and typing o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n i fo r m i ty and
b a la n c e in s p ac ing .
M a y t y p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d eta ils to suit
circum stances.
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy ty ping f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc . ;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e sta n d a rd tab u la tio n s; o r c op y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
a l r e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK

Stenographer, G eneral

keep

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u i r e d to m ainta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .

D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




28

F I L E C L E R K — Continued

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and ind exes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e tc . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d subject m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y als o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty pes in con junctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

ad equacy o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; fo l l o w i n g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; check ing shipping in v o i c e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b je ct m a t t e r ) headin gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r subhead ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in dex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
A s r eq u e sted ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r wh os e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k n o w l­
edge g ain e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g; e m p h a s iz in g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p art o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m ay
f i l l out w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P ositio n s
d efin ition s:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n ific a n t duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according

to

the

f o llo w in g

C l a s s A . Han dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak ing judgments such as
cho osing w h ic h s p e c i f i c p ro d uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b l i s h m e n t's pro duc t
l in e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
wh en p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e lis t o r making
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l ca lc u la tio n s .
C l a s s B. H andles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s wh ich have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a ca ta lo g, m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m an ual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d i te m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h on e s w itc h b o a rd o r c on s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e xc h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a ti n g a te le p h on e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y als o typ e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty ping o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u all y p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p erator-R ecep tion ist.
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g natu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s in e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h on e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u sto m ers' purchase o r d e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk ty p ica lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s tin g substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; check in g o r d e r she e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l tasks such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l con­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docum ents;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d is trib u t io n cod es; e xam in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c alc u latio n s , p ostin g,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a te d j o u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m anua l o r automated accounting s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m et hods and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s wh ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f tr a n s a c t i o n s and accounting in f o r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r with the bookk eep ing and accounting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b oo kk e e p in g and accounting.
Positions
defin ition s:

are

cla s s ifie d

into

le v els

on the

b as is of

the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tion o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac counting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g amon g a sub sta ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c ti o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s accounting
actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d instructio ns
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — Continued

M A C H I N E B I L L E R — Continued

w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i te m s and loc a tion s o f p os tin gs a r e c l e a r l y indic ate d;
c h eck ing a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r accounting d ocum ents ; and cod ing docum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac cou nting cod es.

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo kk e e p ing m achine (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p art o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ti o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the sim ultaneous e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ac h in e a u t o m a tic a lly ac c um ulate s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com pute s and usually prin ts
a u t o m a ti c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D oes not i n v o l v e a k n o w le dg e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and s ta n dard ty p e s of s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (with o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo kk e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r accounting s y s t e m used.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t it e m s to be used in e a c h phase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , bala nce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas es o r s e c t io n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s us ually r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c bookk eep ing. P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in clude accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
clud ing a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , cost d i s ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc . M a y check o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b ala n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sheets f o r the accounting
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e (c o m b in a tio n
typing and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d iscounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s i o n s , which m a y o r m a y not be com pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and to ta ls wh ic h a r e a u t o m a tic a lly a c c u m u late d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n usuall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f carbo n c o p ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a fa n fo ld m ac h in e .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x dedu ctions; editing p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s ag ain s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ate d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p ute s w a g e s . W o r k m ay r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m ac h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic and/or
n u m e r i c data on ta bulating c ar d s o r on tape.
Positio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into l e v e l s

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A. W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r cod ing i t e m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s ou r c e
doc u m e nts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e routine keypunch w o rk .
M a y t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s sta n d ­
a r d i z e d s o u r c e docum ents wh ich have b een cod ed , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h ha ve b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta i l and r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , codin g, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to su­
p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r cod es o r m i s s i n g
inform ation.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — Continued

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
req u ired d igital com puter p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ate d and id e n tif ie s con ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocum ents to be used; ou tlines ac tions to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a te s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and

p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equip m en t changes to obtain m o r e
e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly sts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)




D oes not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s an aly sts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SINE SS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS— C ontinued

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s analy sts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll phases o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tion
scheduli ng, i n v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s an alys is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y i t e m o f e ach ty p e is a u t o m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p actions a r e in it ia te d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a ti o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r
obta ining equip m en t.
M a y p r o v i d e functional
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

direction

to l o w e r

le v el

D oe s not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g in e e r in g
p ro b lem s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :

s y s te m s analysts

C la s s B . W o r k s in dependently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a te d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m ainta ining
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accounts in a m an u fac tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s te m s
to be ap pli ed.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . W o r k s independently on routine as s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s i n s tr u c tio n and guidan ce on c o m p l e x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a lys e s
as a s s ig n e d , usually o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e sig ne d to d e v e l o p
and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p lic atio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l
s y s t e m s an alyst by p r e p a r i n g the d e ta ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l analyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in ess p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a lys t, into a sequence o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equip m ent.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich , wh en e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in coded
lan gua ge, caus e the m an ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u lt s .
W ork
in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e charts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequ e n c e o f p r o g r a m ste ps; w r i t e s d e ta i l e d f l o w
charts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e
charts to coded i n s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s




p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a ti n g p e r s o n n e l during p ro d uction
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s te m s a n al­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s analysts i f this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

C la s s A . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g c on cep ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ic h i d e n t i f y the natu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g rou tine; plans the f u ll range o f p r o g r a m m i n g actions need ed
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p rod ucts .
A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d if fi c u l t b e ca u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m nu m erous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tions m ust oc c u r.
T h is r e q u i r e s
such ac tions as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e ­
us ed, e s ta b l i s h m e n t o f lin k a g e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , adjustments to
data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , arid
substa ntia l m anip ula tion and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
hig hly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e functional d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C l a s s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e "Segments o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u sually p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r i e d s e qu e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis ti n g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r additions to o r d e letion s f r o m
input data w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m erous r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r actio ns so that the a c c u r a c y
and s equencing o f data can be t e s t e d b y using a f e w routine checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a tio n s .

OR

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) under
close d irectio n of a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r su p ervisor.
M ay assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t tasks
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tasks un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c ti o n .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S— Continued

DRAFTER

M a y guide o r in s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p li c ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on cep ts usually l e a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p li c ation o f standard p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new asp ects
o f a s s i g n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n tro l c o n s o le o f a d i g it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a ti n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , usually p r e p a r e d by a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in clud es m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e t e r m i n e equipm en t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loads equipm en t with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equipm en t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r; m a k e s adjustm ents to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a ti n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l conditions; r e v i e w s e r r o r s
m ad e durin g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
For

wage

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

cla s s ifie d

as

follo w s :
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w
p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and in tro d u ce d ; scheduli ng r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e
o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e sig n so that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e ofte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g k n o w l ­
edge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guid ance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B. O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t
o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a r e g u l a r l y
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f ne w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r ­
nate p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c as e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs m a j o r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y sho rt t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s itu ations, d ia g n o s e s cause and takes c o r r e c t i v e actio n.
T h i s usuall y i n ­
v o l v e s ap p lyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r using standa rd
c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iqu e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s under d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A. M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if fi c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t tasks f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on routin e p r o g r a m s un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equipm en t used and
a b i l i t y to d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routine p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay assist higher
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .




C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p l e x i te m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d esign f e a tu r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e suppor t w ith the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e sig n chan ges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f eac h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , function, and p o s i t i o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com ponents and
p a r t s . W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d by d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w er le v e l d ra fters.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonr outine and c o m p l e x dra ft ing a s s ign m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d drawing techniques
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r sha pes, m u ltip le functions, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com ponen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t ru c tio n o f a build ing including d e ta il d ra w ing s o f foun da­
tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p lans, and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
manua ls in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions to d e t e r m i n e quantities of
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , etc.
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equacy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t ru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of com pon ents
and c on v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d . S u gg e sted m et hods o f
a p p ro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts .
I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when as s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .
D R AFTE R -TR AC E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e rs by p la c in g t r a c i n g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oe s not
include t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lines and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i te m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t and r e l a te d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo l l o w i n g : I n s ta llin g , m ainta ining ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , con stru c tin g, and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n i c a l k no w le dg e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e quip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g con dition.
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m an y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l ti p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a ti o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm en t.

32

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such sta ndard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and ho u s e hold ra d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c hn icia ns who ha ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g uid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p ted
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

P o sitio n s
d e fin ition s :

are

classified

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d - t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th os e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clude lo c a t i o n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
f re q u e n t e n g i n e e r i n g chan ges.
W o rk in volves:
A d e ta i l e d understa nding o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such ta sks as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c alc u latin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s ign a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t i n ­
s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a ti o n m e t e r s ,
pulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n tl y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p ro vide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th os e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipm ent. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and judgm ent in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s equence and in s e l e c t i n g
to o ls and t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts , usually l e s s c o m p l e x than th os e used by the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .

C la s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tas k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t, fo l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n ­
s tru c tion s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g com p one n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and takin g t e s t rea d in gs ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t; and using to o ls and c om m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu ding c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can ad vance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c heck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d
r e v i e w when n e w o r ad vanced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e i n v o lv e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id en t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m en t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g ac c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c om p en s ation o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e valu ations o f
appli cants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g
health education, ac c id en t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s ?.ffecting the healt h, w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f all p e rs o n n e l.
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x clud ed .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to con stru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a i r b uil d in g w o o d w o r k and equipm en t such as bins, c r i b s , c ou n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
l a y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s handtools, p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and standa rd
m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g s ta n dard shop com putations r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain ten ance c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded tr a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

equipm en t such as
g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r ot h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , layouts, o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d iag n os in g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
equip m ent; w o r k i n g s ta n dard com putations r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n ts o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
and m e a s u r i n g and te s ti n g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
te nance e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d
th rough a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E LE C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n ­
s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u ti l i z a ti o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l




P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t ap p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r by p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h oles

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R — C ontinued

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh. M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s roun ded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s d f p ip e and
p ip e f i tt in g s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t length s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c oup lin gs and f a s te n in g pipe to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g stan da rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g sta n da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip es
m eet specification s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n anc e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b uild ing s an itation o r heating s y s t e m s
are excluded.

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and ne w p a r t s in m ak in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; planning and la y i n g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s handtoo ls
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g stan da rd
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g stan da rd
shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and sp eed s
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e qu ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtoo ls in
s c r a p i n g and f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts w i t h i t e m s
ob ta ined f r o m s toc k ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sendin g the m ac h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g all
n e c e s s a r y a d justm ents f o r o p e r a ti o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s roun ded tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y
a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
perience.
E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r adjustin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s , a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
equip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equip m en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e quip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g
b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m stock; g rin d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and in s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts ; and alig n in g w h e e l s , adju sting b ra k e s and l i g h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro ugh
a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not in clude m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s to m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u to m o b ile r e p a i r shops.




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e quip m en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tauiks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, d ucts , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a l l ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cu tting, b end ing , f o r m i n g , shaping,
fi t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e quip m en t w h en changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m ak in g s tan da rd shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s tr en gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g equipm ent;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard t o o l s , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m en t such as d r i v e s and
s p ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r sup p li ed w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le an in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e qu ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld ing m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin e d to s u p p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e rs he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — Continued

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one typ e of. m achin e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h i n e , engine l a t h e r , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m achine m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m ain ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g aug es, o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o rk typ ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a tio n s wh ich
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o l s ( e . g . , i n s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s , sto p s, w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tro ls to handle the s i z e o f Stock to be m achined ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence o r s e l e c t
th ose p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r in ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents during
m ac h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h ie v e r e q u i s i te d im e n sio n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coo lants and cutting and l u b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a i n i n g and
experien ce.

se tting up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m ac h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equipment; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtoo ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p arts and f in is h e d tools
and d ies t6 a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i ti e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s roun ded tr a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equiv ale nt t r a in in g and
experien ce.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and 'd ie jobbing
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R '
C on s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta l l i c
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la ss).
W ork typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understandin g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g • a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e tas k; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com puta tions;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies (die s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN EE R
O p e r a t e s and m ain ta ins and m a y also s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and equipm en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditioning. W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m ain ta in in g equipm ent such as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g equip m en t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pumps;
m a k in g e quip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l con su mption.
M a y als o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a re excluded.
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m en t in wh ich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r s te am .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and checks w a t e r and
s a f e ty v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R

D rives
a tr u c k with in a c ity o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f
e s t a b lis h m e n ts such as:
M an u fa ctu rin g pla nts, f r e i g h t d epots , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o loa d o r unload tr u c k
w ith o r with ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e ep tr u c k in
g ood w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l tasks in connection w ith shipping
goods o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m in g
s hip m en ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine tas k s , f o l l o w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In handling unusual nonr outine p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
an ce f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r other o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g ed in handling goods to be shipped o r b eing
received.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
rate d c a p a c i ty o f tr u c k , as fo l l o w s :

S h ip pe rs t y p i c a l l y a r e
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d by c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and quantities
o f goods g a t h e r e d f o r shipm en t against docum ents ; insuring that ship m en ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a ge d , i d e n t i f i e d w ith shipping i n f o r m a t i o n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods shipped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f lad ing.

tru ck drivers

are classified

b y typ e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , li ght tr uck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , under I V 2 tons, u s u a lly 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tru c k
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , usually 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tru c k
(s t r a i g h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 tons, usuall y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d rive r, tr a c to r -tr a ile r




R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m in g shipm en ts by c o m p a rin g i t e m s and
qu antities un load ed again st b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s to r a g e

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C ontinued

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R — C ontinued

r e c e i p t s , o r ot h e r r e c o r d s ; c heck in g f o r d a m a ge d goods; in s u rin g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y id e n ti f i e d f o r routing to d e p a rtm e n ts within the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e i v e d .

m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e loc a tion ; and tr a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload ships, a r e e x c l u d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
S h ip p e r
R eceiver
S h ip per and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -TR U C K O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tru c k , as f o l l o w s :

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an un derstandin g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) again st r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob vious d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s t o r i n g , sta ck in g, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d . s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
takin g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; ex a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r ship m ent. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr uck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g duties.

F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m ha za r d s
or in terference.
Duties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d post, m ak in g rounds on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d epu tized
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o help v i s i t o r s
and c u s t o m e r s by a n sw er in g
qu estions and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .
G uards e m p l o y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c on tra c t b a s is a r e included in this occupation.

F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r ot h e r i n s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in addition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and ind icatin g
i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n a d d i­
tio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sho rt s up p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d
duties.

G uard A
E nforces
reg u la t io n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f s e c u rity .
E x e r c i s e s j u d g m e n t and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c i e s and
s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s en c ou n te red .
D e t e r m i n e s w h e t h e r f i r s t res p on s e should
be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (asking f o r a s s i s t a n c e when d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e ep situation un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e p o r t situation
so that it can be ha ndled by a p p r o p r i a t e authorit y .
Duties r e q u i r e s p e ­
c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m ethods and te c h n iqu e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y a r e a s .
C o m m o n l y , the guard is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l f i tn e s s
and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w eap on s.
G uard B

SH IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r ship m en t o r s t o r a g e by p lac in g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b eing dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p ack ed , the ty pe o f c on tain e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth o d o f ship m ent.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty pe and s i z e o f c on ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in con tain e r; using e x c e l s i o r
o r ot h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
con tain e r; and ap p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r i n g i d e n tify in g data on c on tain er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e wo od en b ox es o r c r a te s a r e excluded.
M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g




ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , guards a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

E xc lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties in v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr uck s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
ORDER F IL L E R

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r -

C a r r i e s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n s u r in g that
e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and r e p o r t e d to
a p p r o p r i a t e au thority.
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in situations which r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l action to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e m i n i m a l
training.
C o m m o n l y , the guard is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te p h y s i c a l
fitness.
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e ap on s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C lea ns and keep s in an o r d e r l y condition f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm en t ho u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chip s, tr a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, f u r n i tu r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g suppli es and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le an in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w
w as h ing a r e e x c l u d e d .

36

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the la te s t b ull etin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e low .
m a y be p u r ch a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perintendent o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D.C. 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f occup atio nal w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 thro ugh 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r eq ue st.

Area
A k r o n , O hio , D ec. 1976 1___,____________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e im —Santa Ana—G ard en G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , Oct. 1976________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1 976_________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., Aug. 1 976_____________________________________
B i l li n g s , M o n t., July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 _______________________________
Bosto n, M a s s . , Aug. 1976 ______________________________________
B uffa lo, N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _______________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 76 ________________________________________
Chattanoog a, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h ic ag o, 111., M a y 1976 ________________________________________
Cin cinn ati, Ohio—K y .—I n d . , M a r . 1976________________________
C le v e l a n d , O h io , Sept- 1 9 76 ____________________________________
Colum bus, O h io , O ct. 1976_____________________________________
Corpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1976______________________________
D allas—F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , Oct. 1976__________________________
Davenpo rt—R o c k Island—M o l i n e , Iowa—111., F eb. 1976______
Dayton, O h io , D ec. 1976 ________________________________________
Daytona B ea ch , F l a . , Aug. 1976 ______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1976____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1976* ____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 __________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 19 7 6 ____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t ,
W
N . C . , Au g . 1976_________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u r g , S.C ., June 1976 1__________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1976____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1 976_______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F eb . 1977 1___________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1976___________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D ec. 1 9 7 6 * ________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1976_________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., N o v . 1976_______________________________




B ull etins
the back
Prin ting
surveys,

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85
1900-59, 55

cents
cents

1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-1 1,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
95 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$1.25
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .4 0
75 cents
$ 1 .5 0
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

Area
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1 9 7 6 ' ____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , O ct. 1976__________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 ____________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l, Minn.—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________
N as sa u —Su ffolk, N . Y . , June 1976 ______________________________
N e w a r k , N .J . , J a n . . 1976 _________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1976 ___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N .J . , M a y 1976_______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a Beacfh—P o r t s m o u t h , Va —
N . C . , M a y 1976 1_________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch—P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ___________
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1976 ____________________________
O k lah o m a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1976______________________________
O m aha, N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1976_________________________________
P a t e r son—C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J . , June 1976 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a .—N .J . , N o v . 1976 1___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D ec. 1976 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1976 ____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1976 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K ingsto n—N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______
P r o v i d e n c e— a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1976________________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1976 1________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1976 _________________________________
Sa ginaw, M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g de n , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 __________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
Se attle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1976 ____________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , M a y 1976_________________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C.—M d . — a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
V
W i c h i t a , K a n s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1976 ____________________________________________

Bulle tin number
and 3r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1900-22,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
$ 1.60
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$ 1.05

1900-27, 85 cents
1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

$ 1.50
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-31,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1900-12,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1900-4,

75 c e nt s
65 cents
$1.25
5 5 c ent s
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
5 5 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
5 5 c ent s
55 cents

Prices arc determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

85
65
55
55
55

$

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1.10

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

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1515 Broadway
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Phone: 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree S t., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.. 15th Floor
Kansas City. Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102