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The Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area
D ecem ber 1967

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Bulled# No. 1575-38




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

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BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New England
John F . K en ne dy F e d e r a l Bu il d in g
G overnm ent Center
R oom 1603-B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 223-6762




Mid-Atlantic
3 4 1 Ninth A v e .
Ne w Y o r k , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 971-5405

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . ,
At lan ta , G a . 30309
T e l . : 526-5418

North Central
NE,

219 South D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
450 G o l d e n G a t e A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . 9 41 02
T e l . : 556-4678

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T h ird F lo o r
911 Wa lnut St.
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . 64106
T e l . : 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area




December 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-38
April 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p rogram of annual
occu p ation al w age su rv ey s in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occu pation al ea rn in g s, and e s ta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary wage p r o v isio n s.
It
y ie ld s detailed data by se le c te d industry division for each
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , for geographic re g io n s, and for the
United S ta te s.
A m a jo r con sideration in the pro gram is
the need fo r g re a te r in sigh t into (1 ) the m ovem en t o f w ages
by occu p ation al c a te g o ry and sk ill le v e l, and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l o f w a g es am ong a re a s and industry d iv isio n s.

In tro d u ctio n _______________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selec ted occupational g ro u p s______________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A t the end o f each su r v e y , an individual area b u l­
letin p r e se n ts su rvey r e su lts for each area studied.
A fte r
com p letion of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a round
o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry bulletin is issu ed .
The
fi r s t part b rin g s data for each of the m etropolitan a re a s
studied into one b u lle tin .
The second part p resen ts in fo r ­
m ation w hich has been p ro jected fro m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to rela te to geographic regions and the
United S ta te s.

A.

B.
E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s cu rren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In each a r e a , in form ation on occupational e a r n ­
ings is c o llec ted annually and on establish m en t p r a ctic e s
and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v isio n s bien n ially.
T h is b ulletin p r e se n ts resu lts of the su rvey in
D e n v e r, C o lo . , in D e c e m b e r 1967.
The Standard M e t r o ­
politan S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
B udget through A p r il 1 9 6 7 , co n sists of A d a m s , A ra p a h o e,
B o u ld e r , D e n v e r, and J e ffe r so n C ou n ties.
This study was
conducted in the B u re a u 's region al office in K ansas C ity ,
M o . , John W . L e h m a n , D ir e c to r .
The study was under
the g e n e r a l d irection o f E llio tt A . B ro w a r, A ssista n t R e ­
gion al D ir e c to r o f O p e r a tio n s.




1
4

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk e rs within scope o f su rvey and
num ber stu d ie d _________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational g ro u p s, and
p ercen ts o f in c re a se for selec ted p e r io d s ________________________

4

O ccupational e a r n in g s:*
A - 1.
O ffice occupations— en and w om en_________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical o cc u p a tio n s-m e n and
w om en ____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ____________________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplant occu p ation s___________________
A - 5.
C u stodial and m a te r ia l m o v em en t o c c u p a tio n s___________

10
11
12

E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary wage p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en office
w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _______________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w eek ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 .
Paid h o lid a y s____________________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth , in su ra n ce, and pension p lan s_______________________
B -7 .
P rem iu m pay for o v e r t i m e w o r k ____________________________

14
15
16
17
18
21
22

Appendix.

O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s __________________________________________

a reas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re a va ilab le for other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

A cu rren t rep o rt on occupational earnings and sup­
p lem en tary w age p ro v isio n s in the D enver area is also
a va ilab le for h osp itals (July 1966); and on earnings only
for selected food se r v ic e occupations (D ece m b e r 1967).
Union s c a l e s , indicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls , are
a vailab le for building con stru ction ; printing; lo c a l-tr a n s it
operating em p lo y e e s; and m otortru ck d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s ,
and allied occu p ation s.

iii

3

6
9

23




Area Wage Survey---The Denver, Colo., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L abor S ta tistic s conducts su rvey s o f occupational earnings
and rela te d b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w ere
obtained by p e rso n a l v is it s of Bureau fie ld eco n om ists to r e p r e ­
sen tative esta b lish m e n ts within six broad industry d iv isio n s: M anu­
fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s;
w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; finance, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies a re
govern m en t o p eration s and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries.
E sta b lish m e n ts having few er than a p resc rib e d number o f w o rk ers are
o m itted b ec a u se they tend to furnish insufficient em p loym en t in the
occu pation s studied to w a rra n t inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry division s which m ee t pub­
lica tio n c r it e r ia .

allow an ces and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly hours
are r e p o rte d , as for o ffice c le r ic a l o ccu p ation s, re fe re n c e is to the
standard w orkw eek (rounded to the n ea re st half hour) for which e m ­
ployees r e c e iv e their reg u lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (exclusive of pay
for o vertim e at regu lar a n d /o r p rem iu m r a te s ). A v era g e w eekly ea rn ­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re st half dollar.
The a v era g e s p resen ted r e fle c t c o m p o site , areaw ide e s t i­
m a te s.
In du stries and esta b lish m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the e s tim a te s for each job.
The pay relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v era g e s m ay fail to reflect
a ccu ra tely the wage spread or d iffe re n tial m aintained among jobs in
individual e sta b lish m e n ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay
le v e ls for m en and w om en in any of the se le c te d occupations should
not be a ssu m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm en t of the sexes
within individual esta b lish m e n ts.
Other p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
ences in p r o g r e ssio n within esta b lish e d rate r a n g e s , since only the
actual rates paid incum bents are co llec ted ; and d iffe re n ce s in specific
duties p e rfo r m e d , although the w o rk ers are c la s s ifie d appropriately
within the sam e su rvey job d e sc rip tio n .
Job d escrip tion s used in
c la ssify in g em p lo y ee s in th ese su rvey s are u su ally m o re gen eralized
than those u sed in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for m inor
d iffe re n ce s among esta b lish m en ts in the sp e c ific duties perform ed .

T h ese su r v e y s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t involved in surveying a ll e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t, a g reater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h o w ev er, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re given their appropriate w eight.
E s­
tim a te s b ased on the esta b lish m en ts studied a re p rese n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
a s r ela tin g to a ll e sta b lish m en ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
excep t for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccupations and E arn in gs

O ccupational em p loym en t e stim a te s rep rese n t the total in
all esta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
actu ally su rvey ed .
B eca u se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among e sta b lish m e n ts, the e s tim a te s of occupational em ploym ent ob­
tained fr o m the sam p le of e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jo b s studied.
T h ese d ifferen ces in
occupational stru ctu re do not affect m a te r ia lly the a ccu racy of the
earnings data.

The occu p ation s se le c te d for study a re com m on to a v ariety
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
follow in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fessio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d e sign ed to take account of inter esta b lish m en t variation
in duties within the sa m e jo b .
The occupations se le c te d for study
a re listed and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earnings data follow ing
the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data fo r som e
of the occu pation s liste d and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry div isio n s
within occupations , a re not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , becau se
eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p rese n ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re
of individual e s ta b lish m e n t data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem entary wage p ro vision s as they
relate to plant and office w o r k e r s .
A d m in istra tiv e , execu tive, and
p r o fe ssio n a l e m p lo y e e s, and con struction w o rk ers who are utilized
as a separate work fo rc e are excluded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include
working fo rem en and all n on su p ervisor y w o rk ers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include working s u p e rv iso r s and n o n su p erv iso ry w o rk ers perform ing
c le r ic a l or related functions.
C a feteria w o rk ers and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .

O ccu p ation al em p loy m en t and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired to work a regular w eek ly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la ssific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v e r tim e and for work on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv i n g




1

2
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en o ffice w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) rela te only to the e sta b lish m en ts v isite d . B eca u se of the optim um
sam plin g techniques u sed , and the pro ba b ility that la rg e e s ta b lis h ­
m ents are m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l entrance rates for w o r k e r s
above the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts, the table is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n ta tiv e of p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la rg e esta b lish m e n ts.
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2 ) are lim ite d to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in d u strie s.
This in form ation is p resen ted both in
te r m s of (1) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te r m s of total plant
w orker em p loy m en t, and (2) effe c tiv e p r a c tic e , p rese n te d in te r m s of
w o rk ers a ctu ally em p loyed on the sp e c ified shift at the tim e of the
su rvey .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v aried d iffe r e n tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " w as u sed. In esta b lish m en ts in which so m e
la te -s h ift hours are paid at n orm al r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l was re c o rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift h ou rs.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
fi r s t -s h i ft w o r k e r s in an esta b lish m en t are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or o ffice w o rk e rs of that esta b lish m e n t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours are th ose which fu ll-tim e em p lo y ee s w ere expected to
w ork , w hether they w ere paid for at str a ig h t-tim e or o v ertim e r a te s .
Paid h olid ay s; paid v a c a tio n s; health, in su ra n ce, and pension
plans; and p rem iu m pay for o v e rtim e work (tables B - 4 through B -7 )
are treated s ta tis tic a lly on the b a sis that these are applicable to a ll
plant or office , w o rk ers if a m a jo r ity of such w o rk ers are e lig ib le or
m ay even tu ally qualify fo r the p r a c tic e s liste d .
Sum s of individual
item s in tab les B - 2 through B - 7 m ay not equal totals b ecau se of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are lim ite d to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i .e ., (1) are provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been esta b lish e d by cu stom .
H olidays
o rd in a rily granted are included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
workday and the w ork er is not granted another day off.
The fir s t
part of the paid holidays table p rese n ts the num ber of whole and half
holidays a ctu ally granted. The second part com bin es whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t im e .

Data on health, in su ra n c e, and pen sion plans (table B -6 ) in ­
clude those plans for which the em p lo y e r pays at le a s t a part of the
c o st. Such plans include those un derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce
com pany and those provided through a union fund or paid d ir e c tly by
•the em p loyer out of current operatin g funds or fr o m a fund set asid e
for this pu rpose.
An esta b lish m en t w as c o n sid e red to have a plan
if the m a jo rity of em p loy ees w e re e lig ib le to be c o v e re d under the
plan, even if le s s than a m a jo r ity e le c te d to p a rticip a te b ec a u se e m ­
p loy ees w ere req u ired to contribute tow ard the c o s t of the plan. L e ­
g ally requ ired p lan s, such as w o r k m e n 's c om p en sation , s o c ia l s e ­
cu rity, and railroa d r etire m e n t w e re ex clu d ed .
Sickn ess and accident in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which p red eterm in e d cash paym en ts are m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or accident
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p rese n te d fo r a ll such plans to which the
em p loy er contributes. H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ra n ce law s which req u ire e m ­
ployer c o n tr ib u tio n s,2 plans are included only if the e m p lo y er (1) con ­
tribu tes m ore than is le g a lly re q u ir e d , or (2) p ro v id e s the em p loy ee
with benefits which exceed the re q u ir e m e n ts of the law . T abulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m work
b ecau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p rese n te d a cco rd in g to
(1) plans which provide fuii pay and no w aiting p e rio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p e rio d .
In addition to
the presen tation of the proportion s of w o r k e r s who are provided
sic k n e ss and accident insurance or paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o rk ers who r e c e iv e eith er or both types of b e n e fits.

Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ical in su ran ce, includes those plans which are design ed to p ro tect
e m p lo y ee s in case of sic k n ess and in ju ry in volvin g ex p e n ses beyond
the n orm al coverage o f h o sp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s.
M ed ical insurance r e fe r s to plans providin g for com p lete or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c to rs' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n derw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rg an iza tio n s or they m ay
be paid for by the em p loyer out of a fund set asid e for this p u rp o se.
Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans a re lim ite d to th ose plans
that provide regular paym ents for the re m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .

The su m m a r y of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s ta tistic a l m e a su re of vacation p r o v isio n s.
It is not intended as a
m ea su re of the proportion of w o rk e rs actu ally rec eiv in g s p e c ific b en e­
fits . P r o v is io n s of an esta b lish m en t for all lengths of se r v ic e w ere
tabulated as applying to a ll plant or o ffice w o rk e rs of the e s t a b lis h ­
m ent, r e g a r d le s s of length of s e r v ic e .
P ro v isio n s for paym ent on
other than a tim e b a sis w e re con verted to a tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le,
a paym ent of 2 percen t of annual earnin gs was con sid ered as the eq u iv­
alent of 1 w e e k 's pay. E stim a te s exclude v a c a tio n -sa v in g s plans and
those which offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic
plans to w o rk e rs with qualifying lengths of s e r v ic e . T y p ical of such
ex clu sion s a re plans in the s te e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u strie s.

Data on o vertim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 7 ) , the hours a fter
which p rem iu m pay is re c e iv e d and the c o rresp o n d in g rate of pay, are
p rese n te d by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v e r tim e r e fe r s to
w ork in e x c e ss of a sp ecified num ber of hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the num ber of hours w orked on other days of the pay p e rio d . W eek ly
o v ertim e r e fe r s to work in e x c e s s of a sp e c ifie d num ber of hours
per week r e g a r d le ss of the day on which it is p e r fo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or number of days w o rk ed .

1
An establishm ent was considered as having a p olicy if
conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as havin g form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

w ritten,




it m et either o f the follow ing
The temporary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ploy er
form al provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
An establishm ent was considered as h avin g a form al plan if it estab lish ed at lea st the
written form for operating
m inim um number of days of sick leave a v a ila b le to each em p loy ee.
Such a p lan need not be
but inform al sick leave

allow an ces, determ in ed on an in dividual b asis, were ex clu d ed .

3

T able

1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and W o r k e r s Wi th in S c o p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r S tu di e d in D e n v e r ,

C o lo ., 1 by M a jo r Industry D iv is ion , 2 D e c e m b e r

N u m ber o f establish m en ts

Industry d ivision

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

St udi ed
T otal4

S t ud ie d

Plant
Number

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

748

177

165,900

100

98,400

31, 000

97, 590

50
-

213
535

51
126

63, 200
102,700

38
62

40, 900
57,500

7, 800
23, 200

39,520
58,070

50
50
50
50
50

66
11 2
172
81
104

29
20
34
18
25

27,700
13, 400
33, 900
12, 200
15,500

17
8
21
7
9

23, 620
3, 430
19,220
5, 270
6 , 530

_________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _ ....
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e
S e r v i c e s 8 __________________________________________

1967

1 2 , 300

6 , 000

( 6)
26,700

(6 )
3, 700

(7 )
(6 )

( 6)
( 6)

1 T h e D e n v e r S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1967, c o n s i s t s o f A d a m s , A r a p a h o e , B o u l d e r , D e n v e r , and J e f f e r s o n C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in this ta ble p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n of the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e stim ate s
a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n with o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1) pl a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h to ta l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la nt and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
Separate p r esenta tion
o f d a t a f o r th is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e st u d y, (2) the s a m p l e w a s
not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in di v i d u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t da t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f da ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s an d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , and p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g
r e l i g i o u s an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r o n e - t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the D e n v e r a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g ;
Industry groups
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 17
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 16
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _______ 15
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g ___________ 8
R u b b e r an d m i s c e l l a n e o u s
p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s _________________ 8
L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ___ 6
E l e c t r i c a l equipm ent
and s u p p l i e s ________ - _________ 5
O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s ___ __ 5
Sto ne, c l a y , a nd g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ------------------ ------- --------- 5

S p e c ific in dustries
A i r c r a f t an d p a r t s
____ _
_
14
F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c t s __________. 8
O f f i c e an d c o m p u t i n g
m a c h i n e s ________________________________ . 7
L u g g a g e ____ ________ _ __________ _____ . 6
_
O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s ____________ 5
N e w s p a p e r s ______________________________ . 5

This in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s of total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls co m p ile d p r io r to actual survey.
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e
1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e se n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a vera ge s a la r ie s of o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v era g e earnings of selected plant w orker g ro u p s. The indexes
are a m e a su re of w ages at a given tim e , e x p r e sse d as a percen t of
w ages during the b a se period (date of the a re a su rvey conducted
between July I9 60 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
yields the p ercen tage change in w ages fr o m the b ase perio d to the
date o f the index.
The p ercen ta ges of change or in c re a se rela te to
wage changes betw een the indicated d a tes.
T h ese e stim a te s a re
m e a su re s of change in a v era g e s fo r the a re a ; they a re not intended
to m e a su re avera ge pay changes in the esta b lish m en ts in the a re a .

in the occupational group. T h ese constant w eigh ts r e fle c t b ase y ear
em ploym ents w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a v era g e (m ean) earnin gs fo r
each occupation w ere m ultiplied by the occu p ation al w eight, and the
products fo r all occupations in the group w e re totaled . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s w ere rela ted

by

dividing

the

a gg re ga te fo r

the la te r year by the aggregate fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p ercen t, shows the p e rce n ta g e change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b a se y e a r re la tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
fo r the next succeeding y ear and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r 's rela tiv e by the previou s y e a r 's index.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
fo r the follow ing occupations w ere u sed in com puting the w age tre n d s:

Method o f Computing
Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group w as a ssig n e d a weight based on its proportion ate em ploym en t
O ffice c le ric a l (men and women):
B ookkeeping-m achine operators,
class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classe;A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice cle r ic a l (m en and women)—
Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T ab u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T y pists, classes A and B

S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
C arpe nters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die m akers
U nskilled plant (m en):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly S alarie s and S traigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elected O ccupational Groups in D enver, C olo. ,
D ecem b er 1967 and D ecem b er 1966, and Percents of Increase for S elec ted Periods
Inclexes
(De cem bei 1960=1001

D ecem ber 1967

Percents o f increase

D ecem ber 1966

D ecem b er 1966
to
D ecem b er 1967

Industry and occu pation al group

D ecem b er 1965 D ecem b er 1964
to
to
D ecem b er 1966 D ecem b er 1965

D ecem ber 1963 D ecem ber 1962 D ece m b er 1961
to
to
to
D ecem ber 1964 D ecem ber 1963 D ece m b er 1962

D ecem b er 1960 D ecem b er 1959
to
to
D ecem b er 1961 D ecem b er 1960

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---S k illed m ain ten ance ( m e n ) ------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------

126. 1
1 3 7.2
1 2 6 .7
1 2 7.3

1 2 2 .2
12 7 .8
1 2 1 .2
12 2 .8

3 .2
7 .4
4 .6
3 .7

4 .3
5 .0
4. 3
2. 1

2. 3
1 .9
2. 3
2. 3

2 .7
3 .9
2 .7
3 .9

3. 5
3 .0
2 .9
3 .4

4.
5.
3.
4.

1
2
2
3

3. 5
6. 1
4. 2
4 .8

4. 2
5 .9
5. 3
2. 8

M anufacturing:
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---S k ille d m ain ten ance ( m e n ) ------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------

124. 3
132. 3
1 2 4.2
1 2 8 .3

1 2 0 .4
1 2 2 .4
1 1 9 .0
126. 1

3 .3
8 .0
4 .4
1 .7

3 .9
4. 2
3. 1
3 .2

2 .7
1 .4
2 .6
4 .9

1 .6
3 .4
1 .9
2. 5

3 .6
1 .0
2 .7
1. 5

3.
5.
3.
4.

3
7
3
6

3-8
4 .9
3 .9
7 .0

3. 2
4 .0
4. 7
2. 4




5
F o r o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk ers and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends rela te to reg u lar w eek ly sa la r ie s for the n orm al w orkw eek,
ex c lu siv e of earnin gs for o v ertim e .
F o r plant w orker g ro u p s, they
m e a s u re changes in a vera ge stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s, excluding
p rem iu m pay for o v e rtim e and for work on w eeken ds, h olid a y s, and
late sh ifts. The p e rc e n ta g e s are based on data for se le c te d key o ccu ­
pations and include m o st of the n u m erica lly im portant jo b s within
each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cause in c re a s e s or d e c re a se s in the
occupational a v era g e s without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though a ll esta b lish m en ts in an a rea gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
a verage w ages m ay have declined because lo w e r-p a y in g esta blish m en ts
en tered the a re a or expanded their work fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la tiv e ly constant, yet the a vera ge s for an area
m ay have r is e n con sid erab ly b ecau se h igh er-p a yin g esta blish m en ts
en tered the a re a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The in dexes and p ercen tages of change, as m e a su r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
(1) gen eral sa la r y and
wage ch an g es, (2) m e r it or other in c re a se s in pay rec eiv ed by indi­
vidual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in average
w a g es due to changes in the labor fo rce resulting fr o m labor tu rn ­
o v e r , fo r c e ex p a n sio n s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p loy ed by establish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em ploym en t w eights elim in a te s the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o rk ers rep resen ted in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen tages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a verage pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed u les, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w ere adjusted to rem ove fro m
the indexes and percen ta ges of change any sign ifican t effect caused
by changes in the scope of the su rvey.

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , December 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra igh t- time w e e k l y e a rn i n g s o f —
*

$

$

i

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

IOC

105

lie

%
115

50

Sex, oc c up a tio n, and indust ry d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

l 15

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
5

-

4
4

-

2
1

17
15
6

t
weekly
hours1
( standard)

45
M" ” 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

i

S

6

$

$

*

b

\

%

$
120

%
125

1 20

125

7
6
1

6
6
-

$

$

1

h

130

140

150

l 30

140

150

160 o v e r

8
6
-

74
74
3/

19
17
7

16
16

13
13

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

8
8

i
1

8
8

2
2

_
-

?
2
_

and
under

160
and

M
EN
$
$
$
$
39.5 1 23 .00 1 2 7 .0 0 118.C C -130.C O
39.5 123.00 127.00 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
4 0 . C 126.00 127.50 L26.C C -129.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 --------------

166
151
51

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

54
32

CLERKS, CRCER -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

285
26 9

4 0 . C 1 0 4 . CO 1 0 4 . 0 0
40.0 103.50 1 04.00

OFFICE 8 CYS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

127
99

4C.C
39.5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4C.C
4C.C

1C1 . C 0 1 C2 . 0 C
109.50 1 2 1 .0 0

8 5.0 0-12 2.0 0
9 0.5 0-12 4.0 0

-

9 8.5 0-11 2.5 0
9 7 .5 0-11 2.5 0

-

6 6.0 067.0 0-

75.00
76.00

-

-

-

-

_

_

~

~

71.00
71.50

4C

4 0 . C 138.00

142.00

1 24 .50-151.50

54
39

39.5
39.0

103.00
98.50

104.50
97.00

9 1.0 0-11 7.5 0
8 '.0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (EILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

8C
76

40.0
4 0 .C

ec.co
79.00

8 6 .0 0
85.50

6 7.006 6.50-

90.00
89.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

65
54
35

40.0
4 0.C
40. C

73.00
72.00
7 0 . 50

72.00
71.00
70.00

6 7.5 067.0 067.0 0-

78.50
75.00
7 3.00

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1C 6
84

39.5
39.5

92.50
90.50

92.00
91.50

8 7 .0 0 8 4 . 5C -

94.50
94.00

_
“

BCCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

191
66
125
79

39.5
40.0
39.5
39. 5

61.50
8 2 . 5U
81.00
78.50

RC.5 0
8 3. 0 0
P C . 00
e c.co

73.5 07 4 .5 0 73.0 072.50-

88.00
89.00
85.00
84.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUPINC -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

485
113
372
46
13C

40 .0
40. C
4C.C
40. C
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS G -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3--------- -----------------RETAIL TRACE
--------------------------------

682
137
545
75
220

64.50
4C.C
40. C 92.50
82.50
40.0
4 0 . C 1 C2 . C 0
4 0 . C 79.00

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS A ---------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -<------------------------------

64
57

2
~

5
2

7
5

2
2

2
~

7
2

3
1

1
1

_

-

42
42

“

17
17

17
17

85
73

28
28

51
51

24
2C

4
2

4
4

2
2

_
~

5
5

2
2

3
3

_

~

2

1

4
3

6
2

3

-

_

-

*

-

-

73.50
74.50

7
1

1

-

-

“

21
13

31
23

41
35

10
10

_

_

_

6
6

_

_

_

7
7

5

2
2

26
26

12
12

6
5

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

“

“

-

-

1

6

-

6

11

11

8
5

3

3
2

2
1

.

2

1
l

~

_

5
-

“

~

~

-

_

_

5

WOMEN

See footnotes at end of table




39.5
35. 5

1C3.50 1 0 2 . 0 0
1 1 C . 50 1 1 0 . 5 0
1 01 .5 0 10C.50
123.00 127.00
92.50
89.50

6 6 .5 0
8 5.5 0

8 2 .5 0
92.50
80.5 0
107.50
75.00
80.50
79 . 5 0

9 1.0 0-11 5.0 0
101 .00 -1 18 .50
8 9 . 0 0 - 1 1 0 . CO
115.00 -1 29 .50
8 7 .0 0 - 99.50

4
4

6
6

7
7

8
8

5
5

A

_
-

1
1
1

7
7
2

17
15
15

21
19
14

5
3
3

9
6

2
-

_
-

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

~

“

4
4

20
20

7
7

53
43

3
3

11
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

15
9
6
1

47
9
38
37

27
)
18
-

43
11
32
25

18
15
3
2

19
5
14
12

5
4
1
1

4
4
-

12

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

H
6

3
3

18
3
15

62
3
79

45
7
3o

A9
11
58

-

-

-

2

3

4

60

2L

9

86
24
64
6
18

_
-

12
12
-

35
35
15

21
21
16

n o
2
1 CB
9
79

10 2
14
88

74
22
52
3
30

32
10
22
-

16

1 35
26
109
4
41

42
2.4
i8
4
6

_

_

_

T

“

*

2 )
2o

6
4

5
5

~

-

-

7 4 .5 0 - 93.50
8 3.5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 88.50
8 5 . CO-116.5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 85.00

_
-

7 7 .0 0 7 6.5 0-

_

_

~

~

99.50
9 6.00

4

~

2
2

~

1
l

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
7
34
2

31
15
16
6
6

40
23
17
-

21
5
16
2
~

4C
13
27
23

14
14
9
5

5
2
3
-

_
-

_
-

55
25
30
4
12

24
7
17
15

16
2
14
1C
*

n
5
3
3
-

13

i

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

3
3

2
2

c

2
2

_

_

5

t
2

_

*

2
2

2

_

“

13
13
-

~

_

3
3

~

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

~

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , December 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs o f—

Sex, o cc u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

£

t
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

£

$

$

£

£

£

50

55

60

65

70

75

£
HC

£

IOC

t
1 C5

$
11C

£

S

£
115

12 0

125

150

1 ----160

-

and

1

i
13C

14C

90

95
~

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

, 1 0 0 -.

105

lie

115

12C

125

130

140

150

6
4
2

-

-

*

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

50
*iCMEN -

£

£

£

85

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

15
15

82
2
80

78
7
71

47
8
39

25
4
21

21
1
20

9
4
5

13
13

1
1

1 60 ove r

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS c ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

29 7
3::
it 1

3 9. C
40. C
3 9. C

$
71 .0 0
77 . 0 0
7C . C0

$
6 8 . 5v
74 . 0 0
6 7 .5 0

$
$
6 3 .5 0 - 75.50
6 9 . CO- 6 6 . 5 0
6 3 .0 0 - 74.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUF ACTOR I NC - --------------------------------

217
17 E

39.5
39.5

6 5 . G0
64.30

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 1 . CO- 6 7 . 5 0
6 0 .5 0 - 67.00

_

1
i

35
35

119
92

18
17

15
12

6
5

a
6

8
3

5
5

2
2

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------NCNKANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

175
131
57

40. C
4C.C
4 0 .C

6 1. 50
82 .5 0
71.50

78 . O
C
76 . O
C
71.00

6 9 .0 0-10 0.0 0
6 6.5 0-10 1.0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 79.00

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

13
13
13

35
25
13

25
17
5

23
14
14

15
9
6

8
6
3

2
1

8
4

4C
4C

4
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------N MANUFACTURING-------------------------------CiS
POOL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

23 3
74
159
31
fci

4 0 . C 9 6 . CO
9 5 .0 0
8o.5 0 ~L 0 7.0 0
4C.C
9 7.5 0
9 6. CL
8 9 . n o - 1 0 6 . 00
9 5 . Cu
7 9 . C O - 1 0 3 . 50
4C.C
9 3. 50
39.5 1 19.00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
6 4 . CO
39.5
6 5 .0 0
7 7.CC- 9 1 .5 0

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

1
1
-

4
4
2

19
10
9
4

32
2
30
18

13
6
12
6

16
16
13

26
16
10
9

19
6
13
5

32
14
1£
2
4

18
9
9
4
-

7
2
5
-

16
4
12
1C

6
1
5
5
-

13
4
9
i

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

4
4
2
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

24 C
1£ 4
52

39.5
39.5
40.0

8 9 . GO
88.50
84.50

_
-

_
-

-

-

43
35
12

43
28
1C

73
50
3

25
Lb
7

5
5
1

-

3
3

6
6

_
-

2
i

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

24
23
9

-

“

16
16
10

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

3CB
99
2C9
39

40. C 9 9 .5 0
99.00
8 9.5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
40.0
9fc. CO
93.00
8 3. 5 0 -1 1 C.CO
4 0 . C 1 C 1 . 5 0 1 C1 . 0 C 9 1 . 3 0 - 1 1 1 . 5 0
4 0 . C 1 1 1 .0 0 113.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 -1 1 6 . 5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
~

14

32
24
e
l

34
7
27
3

47
18
29
3

33
9
24
L

6C
e
52
~

3
1
2
1

27
4
23
2C

12
4
8
3

21
16
5
4

11
12
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
~

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS S --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUELIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

519
£7
432
ICE

39.5
85.50
8 2.5 .
8 7.5;.'
4 C. C 6 9 . CO
hi . 60
£ 5 . CO
39.5
4C.C i C5 . C0 1 1 1 . 0 0

7 5 .5 0 - 92.00
8 2 .5 0 - 96.50
7 4 .0 0 - 89.50
9 2.0 0-12 1.5 0

-

-

9
9
~

19
19
-

28
28
7

69
3
66

7o
4
6h

69
18
51
3

20
9
11

23
12
11
2

16
6
1C
7

18
4
14
14

14
3
11
11

8
£
8

37
37
37

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

>

119
28
91
5

-

-

~

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

13 9
12 5

39.5
39.5

6 9 . CO
6 9 . CO

6 4.5 064.5 0-

71.50
71.00

_

_
-

37
35

56
56

33
27

1
1

3
3

5
5

_

-

1
1

"

1
1

SECRETARIES4-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNKANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

1 , 69C
678
1,0 1 2
3C5
ICe

39.5
4 0 .1
35.5
35.5
39.5

112.50
116.50
1 C 9 . 50
1 2 1 . CO
98.00

112. G
o;
9 7 .0 0-12 6.0 0
116.5 0 1 0 1 . 5 0 -1 3 0 . 5 0
109.00
9 6 .0 0-12 3.5 0
1 2 4 . 0 - 1 C6 . 5 0 -1 3 5 . 5 0
9 7 .6 0
8 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 1 . 00-

_
-

-

4
4
4

12
12
-

66
7
59
22
12

86
14
72
13
11

151
76
75
12
17

155
93
102
14
19

119
4£
71
fc
11

146
49
97
17
5

173
44
129
16
11

135
66
69
24
11

166
11 2
54
32
1

1 C8
26
82
35
2

212
143
69
48
3

70
21
49
33

-

16
16
1

20
4
16
6

-

_
-

33
11
22
21
“

18
Lf
14
8
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTORING --------------------------------

119
44
75

4 0 . C I2C .5U 1 1 8 . 0 .
4 0 . C 1 2 3 . CO 1 1 9 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 1 9 . CO 1 1 7 . 5 0

I L I .0 0-12 6.0 0
114.G G -124.50
107 .50 -1 28 .00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

9

_

6

-

-

9

-

6

11
3
8

17
11
6

28
11
17

18
10
6

5
5

4
4

10
4
6

8
4
4

i
1
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS b -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTOR I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

354
124
23C
137

4C.C
4 0 .C
39.5
4 0.C

118.50
1 2 C .5 0
117.50
126.50

121.50
9 9.5 0-13 6.5 0
1 2 9 . CC
9 4.5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 9 . 5C 1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0
129.50 1 1 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 0 0

_
-

6
6
-

6
6
~

19
2
17
ll

10
10
4

40
33
l
2

9
2
7
2

13
3
LC
5

22
22
4

22
fc
16
8

24
7
17
5

21
5
16
11

26
fc
20
18

77
42
35
29

32
10
22
22

16
6
10
10

11
2
9
6

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

557
23 2
325
1C 1
41

4C.C
4 0 .C
4 0 .C
4 0 .C
4 0 .C

114.50
1 2 3 . CO
1C 6.C0
l i f e . CO
97.50

1 1 3 . 5 0 LOG.5 0 - 1 3 0 . 5 0
1 2 7 . 5C 1 1 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . 5 0
10 7.50
9 6.0 0-11 8.0 0
116.00
9 P .C C -1 30.50
9 9.00
8 8 . CO -1 1 2 . 0 0

7
7
1

-

7
7
6
-

21
2
19
3
9

29
5
24
10
1

55
13
42
11
d

33
9
24
1
1

7C
17
53
13
4

58
17
41
5
1C

38
2C
18
9
1

36
26
10
8
~

35
16
19
1C
“

114
101
13
9
2

25
4
21
9
~

9
1
8
7
~

4
1
3
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS U -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------------------------

66C
278
36 2
53
35

39.5
40. C
3 9.C
39 .0
39.5

1 C 5 . 50 1 0 4 . 0 0
1 C 7 . 5 0 1 C6 .U 0
1C4.C 0 1 0 2 . 0 0
111.50 1 2 1 .0 0
9 1.50
94.00

3

14
4
10
4
-

40
5
35
5
12

55
12
43
6
1

73
38
35

91
38
53
l
9

67
36
31
6

43
29
14

76
1C
66
3
-

45
28
17
6
-

91
71
20
12
-

42
4
38
fc
-

17

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.




6 4.50'
64.00
76.50

64 . 5o
8 3 .50
7 8 .0 0

6 6.00
6 7 .5 0

7 7. 5 0 7 6 . OC7 2 . CC-

9 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 . CO
96.50-120.50
9 0.5 0-11 5.0 0
89.0 0-12 8.0 0
8 4 .0 0 - 99.50

-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

12
12
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

“

_

-

4
4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

-

6

-

1

-

17
10
-

*

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , December 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc up a t io n, and indu s tr y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —
£

M ean 1
2

M edian 2

M iddle range2

$

*
45

50

£
6C

65

*

£
70

75

8C

£
85

t

1
.
9C

95

£
10C

£
105

i

£
1 1C

115

1,

£
12 0

125

£
130

140

%
150

and
unde r

£
lbO
and

0

65

7C

75

80

6,7

90

93

100

1C5

1 10

115

12C

125

13C

*

~

~

12
12
2

43
12
31
9

At
D
26
7

1 00
51
49
1C

69
47
22
3

11 2
92
3U
2

5i
26
33
17

54
34
2C
9

24
11
13
8

55
11
44
7

41
29
12
9

23

13

1

-

-

-

-

23
23

1s
13

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

!
3
4

4l
14
27

29
3
26

40
12
28

49
13
3fc
3
1

55
42
13
1
i

12
1C
2
-

13
fc
7
6

23
li
12
10

21
19
Ifc

17
1
16
6

8
8

1
1

5
5

2
1

1
1

_

_

10

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

9
3
6

_

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

:

:

:

50

WOMEN -

%
55

5-3

-

6

14G

150

16 U over

CONTINUED
$
$
8 3.C 0-1C 4.50
8 5 . CO -1 0 1 . CO
8 1 .C 0 -lli.0 U
8 4.5 0-12 1.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

652
321
331
lib

$
$
92.50
4 0 . C 9 4 . CO
4C.C
9 3 . CO 9 2 . 0 0
94.00
39.5
9 5 . CO
4C. C 1 C 4 . 0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------m io i i (- iiTti
PUBLIC U T I LtlT l c S^ ----------------------- —
l trf
RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

33 9
125
214
46
32

4C.C 1 C 3 . 50
4 0 . C 1 C3. C0
4C.C 1 C4 . 0 0
4C.C 1 B 3 • 5 0
4 0 . C 90.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

69
67

40. C
4 0.C

9 2 . CO
91.00

9C.50
89.00

8 2.5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 3.0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

SWITCHBCARC OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

213
2CC
6P

4C.C
40. C
39.5

72.50
69.50
7 3 . CO

69.00
68.0 0
6 9 . GO

SWITCHBCARC OPE RATCR-KECEPT IC.\ I STSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3 4-------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

279
76
2C1
25
45

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------TYPISTS,

CLASS A -------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u p i n g -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------N f-l,v ANUF ACTUR I N G -------------------------------U
RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

9 1 . C O - 1 1 4 . 00
1 C3. 0C
106.00
9 5 . C O - 1 1 0 . 00
1 0 1 . OC
89.0 0-12 1.0 0
5
1 * f 9U 1 O * ^ v
)
1 2 6 . CC 1 CC• £ A—1 c Q• KA
91.CC
6 7 . CO- 9 4 . 0 0

-

-

-

1

4

9

13

23
3
15
1
3

5
5

4
4

5
5

9
5

,

5

19
16

5

11
1

3
1

6
fc

21
21
“

2 (J

23
23
4

52
5?
37

38
37
10

2
2
1

2
2

7
6

-

6
-

2 3

29
6
23

39

44

-

39

1?
3b

21
li
16

13

-

21

5
9

14
14

31
22

J -j

22

"

26
26
1

54
J
47

-

-

-

-

“

“

6 2 . CO- 7 7 . 0C
6 1 .0 0 - 74.00
6 7 . CO- 7 6 . 0C

4
4

39.5
82.50
ec.oc
8 3 . CO
85.00
4C.C
78.50
39.5
8 2 . CO
3 9 . C 1C2.50 1 06 .5 0
7 5 . 5C
4 0 .C
7 3 . CO

7 1 . 5C - 9 0 . 3 0
7 b . 0 0 - 92.50
7 1 . CC- 9 0 . 0 0
88.0 0-11 7.5 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 7 8 . 5C

-

15 6
117

3 9. C
3 9 .C

7 3 .5 0 7 /.5 0 -

-

346
125
221
39
23

39. 5
88.50
40. C 89.00
39.5
68.0 0
40.0 102.50
8 4 . 50
39.5

542
85
457
59

39.5
40 . C
39.5
40. C

8 2 . CO
H2 . C 0

7 5 . CO
79.00
74.00
7 8 . CO

81.00
79.00
87.50
4C.00
8 6.00
1 11 .5 U
86. 0U
73.50
78.50
73.00
78.50

88.00
8 8.00

7 6 .0 0 - 95.50
8 0 .5 0 - 95.00
7 3 .0 0 - 97.50
9 0 .0 0-11 4.5 0
7 4 . CC- 9 3 . CO
6 6.5 07 1.5 065.5 072.5 0-

92.50
87.50
61.50
83.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

20
~

1
1

31
31

11
12
9

74
74
1

-

1
6
6
*

3o
23
1?
)

10
88
16
72
4

10 e
17
C,9
19

LI
15
5e
■
)

9
9
3

10
J .0

7

4
23

2

>9
15
24
iO
1

30
11
35
15
20

_
64
• 12
U
17

8

15

11
7
4

4
4

1
4

1

-

-

25
24

10
7

4
2

2
"

2

45
18
27

63
33
30

29
;C

12

6

_

8
8
3

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

1

32
9
23
H

r
t

44
12
32

f
c

-

4

t

2
5

_

12

£

-

-

-

-

12

_

2
i
1
1

3
7
8
23
17

1

13

_

-

7
fc

13
1

~

_

_

-

-

-

C
3
a

2
2

-

_

2

_

1
4

-

2

-

~

-

~

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e the ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to thes e w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 The m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b by totaling the e a rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and di vid ing by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n des ig na te s p o s i t i o n — ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate sho wn .
The m id d l e rang e is def ine d by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th es e ra t es and a fou rt h ea rn m o r e than
the h i gh er ra te .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t he r publ ic ut il it ie s.
4 M a y inclu de w o r k e r s o t he r than t hos e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stu died on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn i n gs of—
$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

*
110

$
115

$
1 20

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

$
145

$
150

1------ I------ $—
155

und er
75

63

4 0.0 $ 57 .0 0
1
4 0 . C 161.00
4C.C 1 4 9 . 0 0

162.00
165.50
149.00

40. C 131.00
4 0 . C 141.50
40. C 114.50

138.00
146.00
108.50

2C2
1C 7
95

4 0 . C 11 1. 00
4 0 . C 113.00
4 0 . C IC 8.50

115.00
116.00
112.50

101 .00 124.50
107 .00 122.00
8 5.0 0-12 7.5 0

58
43

4 0 . C 123.50
4 0 .0 120.50

122 .00 1 1 4 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 . 5 0

$

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A •
MANUFACTURING —
NGNMANUFACTURING

18-4

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

90

95

100

105

11C

115

121

170

180

-

and

16
16
9
1
8

12
-

12

8
a

5
1
4

120

125

13C

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

5
1
4

111 .00 -1 52 .50
134 .50 -1 54 .50
9 4.0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

85

$
$
1 43 .50 170.00
1 51 .50 172.00
133.00 -1 64 .00

351
216
135

80

160
-

M ean1
2

1
1
-

4
4

16
3
13

9
4
5

17
16
1

8
2
6

14
13
1

8
3
5

56
37
19

30
27
3

16
14
2

1C
9
1

19
14
5

37
31
6

28
19
9

22
17
5

48
46
2

8
4
4

45
37
8

10
7
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
7
13

19
7
12

18
1
17

4
1
3

14
3
11

18
7
11

7
6
1

6
6
-

16
6
10

15
11
4

11
5
6

26
18
8

35
26
S

20
17
3

2C
4
16

18
12
6

2
2

4
4

5
5

4
3

11
7

4
4

3
3

6

-

1

-

6

-

1

-

-

3

1

2

1

180 o v e r

-

1

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

119.50

1 St an dar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f in i t io n of t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .




111.50 -1 30 .00

r e c e i v e th e ir

regular straight-tim e salaries

6
6

12
8

( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates,

and the earn in gs c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , December 1967)
Average

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

166
162

4 0.G
4 0 .C

$
9 4.00
93.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

65
54
35

4 0.C
40.0
40.0

73.00
72.00
70.50

BCGKKEEPING-MAChINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1C 7
85

39.5
39.5

93.00
90.50

BCCKKEEPING-MACFINE OPERATCRS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTUPING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

213
66
147
79

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

84.00
8 2.50
85.00
7 8.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2- ------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

651
128
523
97
144

4 0 .C
4 0 .C
39.5
40.0
4C.C

1 C 8 . 50
112 .0 0
107.50
124.50
94.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

736
159
577
94
227

4 0 . C 8 6 .0 0
4 0 . C 9 2 . CO
84.00
4C.C
4 0 . C 106.50
7 9.00
40.0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

66
59

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

39.5
39.5

87.50
8 6.50

3CC
32
268

3 9 .C
40.0
3 9.C

7 1 . CO
76.00
7 0.00

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

217
178

39.5
39.5

65.00
64.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

46C
6C
4CC
84

4 0 .C
4 0 .C
4C.C
4C.C

95.50
86.50
96.50
7 6 . CO

CLERKS, PAYRCLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

25C
ec
1 7C
40
63

4 0 .C
4C.C
40. C
40. C
39.5

57.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATCRS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

241
185
52

39.5
39. 5

4C.C

9 8 .0 0

96.50
1 2 1 .0 0

8 4 . CO
64.50
6 4 . CC
78.50

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
310
95
211
41

$
4 0 . C 1 0 0 .0 0
96.00
40.0
4 0 . C 1C1.50
111.50
4 0.G

KEYPUNCH OPERATCRS, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

519
87
432
ICE

39.5
85.50
89.00
40.0
39.5
85.00
4 0 . C 1C5.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

266
38
226
45

39.5
4 0 .C
39.5
40.0

7 1 . CO
69.50
71.50
78.00

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------RETAIL TRACE -------------------

1 ,7 0 8
685
1.023
316
ICE

39.5
4 0 .C
39.5
39.5
39.5

112.50
116.50
1 1 C. 0 0
1 2 2 . CO
98.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

115
44
75

4 0 . C 12C.50
4 0 . C 1 2 3 . CO
3 9 . 5 1 1 9 . CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS 3 --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 -----------

363
131
232
139

4 0 .C
4 0 .C
39.5
40.0

119.00
121.50
1 1 8 . CO
1 2 7 . CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ----------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

563
232
331
107
41

40. C
40 .C
4 0 .C
4C.C
40.0

114.50
1 2 3 . CO
1C9.CO
1 1 8 . CO
57.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

663
278
385
56
35

35.5
40.0
3 9 .C
39.5
39.5

105.50
IC7.50
1C4.50
112.50
51.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

657
321
336
123

4C.C
5 4 . CO
53.00
40.0
39.5
9 5 . CO
4 0 . C 104.50

STENOGRAPHERS,

35C
125
225
51
32

4 0 .C
4 0 .C
40.0
4C.C
40.0

SENIOR ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

Average

O cc up a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly

workers

QFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

KEYPUNCH OPERATCRS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t ithe w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r pu blic ut il it ie s.
3 May in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t el y .




Number
of
workers

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
4 0.C
4 0.C

$
9 2.00
91.0 0

217
2C4
68

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

73. CO
7 0.50
7 3 . CO

279
78
2 C1
25
48

39.5
82.50
40. C 83.0 0
82.00
3 9.5
3 9 . C 1C2.50
4 0 .C
73.00

Ski ITCHBCARC OPERATCRS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

89
67

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCRS, CLASS B -------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPT I C M S T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------- ----------------i ~8ULAT1NG-MACHINE

OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

4 0 . C 1 3 7 . CO

62
45

39.5
39.5

TRAN SC RIBIi\G-MACHINE OPERATCRS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

158
117

3 9 .0
3 9 .C

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

358
125
229
47
33

39.5
8 5.00
4 0 .C
8 8.50
39.5
8 9 . CO
4 0 . 0 1 C 5 . 50
39.5
8 4.50

TYPISTS, CLASS 6 -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

546
85
461
55

39.5
40.0
39.5
4C.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

184
121
63

4 0 . 0 1 5 7 . CO
4 0 . C 16 1. CO
4 0 . 0 149 .CC

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS 2 ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

36 3
216
14 7

4 0 . C 1 3C .C 0
4 0 . C 141.50
4C.C 1 1 3 . 0 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 C6
1C9
97

4C .C
40.0
4 0.0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

104.00
1C 3 . CO
IC 4 .5 0
123.50
90.50

46

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

55
44

1 C 3 . 50
5 9.00

82.00
e 2 .GU

75.CO
7 5 . CO
7 4.50
7 8 . CO

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r

prem ium

rates),

lll.C C
1 1 3 . CO
i c e . 5o

40. C 123.50
4 0 . C 121 .CU

and the ea rning:

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$

M ean2

Median 2

$

$

$

(

$

$

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly ea rn i n gs of—

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

$

$

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3.2 0

1

$

(

$

$

-

10
10

-

t

s

s

s s

2 .1 0

2..20 2 . 3 0

*
t
%
i
4 .0 0 4.2 0 4 .4 0 4.60

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

i
3 .8 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 C

3.80

4 . PC 4 , 2 0

13
11
2

12
12
-

30
30
-

8
8
“

1
1

4
3
1

51
51

26
26
-

59
53
6

27
26
1

30
1
29

26
3
23
4

24
11
13
9

14
12
2

8
6
2

54
47
7

9
9

6
6

11
11

8
8

38
36

1C
10

4
2

2.0 0

2

81
8C

35
33

lie
109

32
9
>3
>3

47
1
46
1

22
12
10
“

27
6
21
21

43
1C
33
3C

_

i8
38

12
12

128
1 22

56
56

8
8

24
19

1
-

11
11

13
13

35
35

-

_

55
55

8f
87

90
9C

14
14

_

-

12
12

12
12

44
44

IC1
ICC

3 .2 0

3 .3 C

3 .4 0

3 .5 C

3 .3 0

3 .4 C

3 .5 0

3
2
l

_
-

9
8
1

6
6
-

19
12
7

12
3
9
9

17
17

Middle range 2

under
2 .1 0

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

111
81
30

$
3.4 8
3.46^
3.5 3

$
3 .5 4
3.58
3.0 0

245
194
51

3.6 3
3 .5 7
3.8 5

3.6 2
3 .5 9
3 .9 3

24S
149
ICC
25

3 .6 3
3.7 7
3.4 1
3.2 3

3.64
3 .6 9
3 .3 0
3 .2 3

2 .4 0

3 .4 6 - 3.7 6
3 .4 5 - 3.6 9
3 .6 7 - 3 .9 8

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES ----------------------

2 .3 0

$
$
3 .1 7 - 3 .6 7
3 .4 C - 3 .6 6
2 .9 5 - 4 .5 1

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 .2 0

3 .3 2 - 4 .1 2
3 .6 1 - 4 .1 3
3 . 1 7 - 3 .7 1
3 .1 4 - 3.3 4

32

2.7 1

2.9 5

2 .0 7 -

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

12 A
44
8C
72

2.7 6
2.68
2.8 1
2.90

2.85
2 .7 8
2 .8 6
2.87

136
134

3.4 3
3.4 2

3.5 1
3.5 1

3 .1 7 3 .1 7 -

3C7
255

3 .5 8
3 .5 4

3 .6 2
3 .6 0

3 .4 7 3 .4 6 -

5C6
74
432
347

3.64
3 .3 1
3.7 0
3 .7 4

3 .82
3 .2 7
3.83
3.84

423
4ce

3. 41
3 .4 6

3 .4 6
3.46

3 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

3.59
3 .5 9

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

47
47

3.0 4
3.0 4

3.12
3 .1 2

3 .0 4 3 .0 4 -

3.1 6
3.1 6

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

69
59

3.5 5
3.5 8

3 .6 1
3.6 2

3.5 C 3 .5 3 -

3.66
3.66

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

24 9
249

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3.5 8
3.5 6

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

2 75
274

3.9 3
3.92

3.9 5
3.9 5

3 .7 7 - 4.1 4
3 .7 7 - 4 .1 4

-

1
1

5
5

_
:

3.65
3 .6 5

TCCL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUTACTUKING ---------------------------------

-

4

6

2

4

6

2
2

3 .4 6 - 3.86
3 .1 2 - 3.5 5
3 .6 2 - 3 .8 7
3 .8 0 - 3.8 7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

3 .6 9
3 .6 6

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ----------------------

15
15

3.6 1
3 .6 0

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

1

2 .7 4 - 2 .9 0
2 .3 7 - 2 .9 0
2 .8 2 - 2 .9 0
2 .8 3 - 2.91

MACHINE-TOCL OPERATORS* TCCLRGCM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

FIREMEN,

1
2
3

STATIONARY BOILER -----------

3 .3 3

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e ke nd s,
F o r def in i t io n of t e r m s , se e f oo t n o t e 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er pu blic ut ilities.




2
16

l

-

-

_
-

6
2
4
4

59
11
48
48

-

22
22

IE
13
3
3
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

2
2

12
12

-

8
H

37
37

-

-

“

2
2

_

“

3
3

-

~

-

1
1

1
1

12
12

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

1
1
-

h o l id a y s ,

-

-

-

and late shifts.

-

over

-

1

-

-

-

1

5
5

;;
3

13
13
-

4
4

1
1

1
1

12
12
-

55
55
-

16
16

_
-

-

11
11

10

3
2

_

_

*

43

13
11

2
L

4
“

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

29
9
20
20

-

-

4 .6 0

-

5
5

16

4.40

-

-

1

2
2

-

-

296
2 96
26 5
14
1h

55
56

-

-

_

~

-

-

28

28

_
-

-

-

_

9
9

1
1

-

2
-

1
-

?
2

_

35
35

47
47

_

_

9
9

>

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1967)
.Number of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

H ourly ea:•nings 2

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

622
205

i
N .4 0
1

M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge 3

$
2.16
3 .0 4

$
1.9 3
3.06

$
1 .4 8 2 .9 9 -

$
3 .0 1
3.22

%
1 ,5 0

i
1.60

$
1.7 0

$
1 .80

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .00

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

f
2 .3 0

2 .40

*
2.50

S
2 .60

$
2.7C

$
S
2 . 6C 2 .90

i
3 .CO

$
3.1 0

5
3.20

1
3.40

l
3.60

1.50

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y d i v is i o n

N um ber
of
workers

1 .6 0

1.70

1 .8 0

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .10

2 . 20

2 .30

2.40

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .70

2 .8 0

2 .90

3 .10

3 .2 C

3.4 0

3.60

3. H over
O

195
“

53

28

Under
and
*
1 . 4 0 und er

8
“

and

10
~

9
“

26
~

18
4

2

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2C4

3.05

3.06

2 .9 9 -

3 .2 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

2 ,9 2 3
587
2, 336
134
258

2.0 2
2 .4 1
1.9 2
2.57
1.86

1 .9 7
2 .5 0
1.9 4
2 .6 4
1.8 0

1 .7 7 2 .1 C 1 .7 6 2 .4 2 1 .6 8 -

2 .0 9
2 .7 6
2 .0 5
2.7 1
2 .0 3

73
73
4

52
11
41
8

30
30
12

Ill
55
56
54

6 24
14
6 10
4
51

181
2
179
2
50

9
9
9

8
8
8

13
13
13

4
4
3

63
63
2

483
473
1

8
7
1

6

3
3

7
7

20
20

114
66
48

49
28
21

36
14
22

38
18
20

526
63
4 63
5
10

5
1

12
5

-

-

-

4

7

33

88

1

59

3

55
23
32
10
16

102
51
51
5C
1

144
120
24
15
9

104
91
13
11
“

4
1
3
3
“

6
2
4
-

_
-

3
3
3

~

~

2
2
2
~

l
1

3
3

10
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

2.83
2 .6 6
2.8 8
3 .3 5
2 .5 0

2 .8 9
2.81
2 .9 5
3 .5 2
2 .5 4

2 .4 1 2 .2 3 2 .5 1 3 .1 1 2 .2 4 -

3 .2 5
3.04
3 .4 ?
3.5 6
3 .1 0

_
-

11
11

-

11

3

7

20

23

8

10

6

93

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,0 5 2
389
7C3

2 .7 2
2.7 1
2 .7 3

2 .7 5
2 .7 4
2 .7 6

2 .4 2 2 .4 4 2 .3 6 -

3 .1 2
3.0 6
3.14

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

5
5
-

9
2
7

40
31
9

5
1
4

119
3
116

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPINC --------------------------------

382
258
124

2.3 8
2 .4 0
2.33

2 .4 1
2 .4 8
2 .3 8

2 .C 61 .9 9 2 .2 4 -

2 .6 7
2 .8 1
2 .5 0

-

~

2
2

29
27
?

10
9
1

1
1
-

43
31
12

18
18
“

19
9
10

27
15
12

37
6
31

PACKERS. SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

211
75

2.03
2 .1 3

1 .8 7
2 .1 9

1 .8 2 1 .6 9 -

2.3 4
2 .5 1

-

-

6
6

3
2

-

“

19
19

116

“

2
2

-

10
10

1
-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

226
68
158
85

2 .7 8
2 .8 1
2 .7 6
2 .7 C

2 .8 0
2 .7 8
2.8 1
2 .7 8

2 .5 5 2 .4 9 2 .5 6 2 .4 8 -

3.14
3.18
3 .1 4
3.1 4

_

_

_

_

5

1

13

1

-

5

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

13
12

1
1

-

5
“

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

169
74
95
53

2.8 6
2 .9 4
2 .8 1
2.78

2 .8 8
2 .9 6
2.7 8
2 .7 3

2 .6 9 2 .8 7 2 .5 6 2 .5 5 -

3.1 3
3 .1 5
3 .1 1
3 .0 0

_
“

-

-

-

-

“

-

_
-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

124
43
81
63

2.77
2 .7 2
2.81
2 .7 7

2 .7 7
2 .7 3
2 .7 9
3.0 3

2 .4 9 2 .4 1 2 .5 4 2 .5 3 -

3.1 1
3 .0 4
3 .1 4
3 .1 5

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

9

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

2,589
514
2 ,075
1 ,1 7 8
353

3.05
2 .9 6
3 .0 7
3 .4 6
2 .7 0

3 .1 6
3 .1 0
3 .1 9
3 .5 4
2 .7 5

2 .7 1 2 .7 3 2 .7 0 3 .5 1 2 .3 4 -

3 .5 4
3 .1 8
3 .5 5
3 .5 8
3 .1 4

_
-

-

49
49
~

9
9
”

-

49
1
48
~

19
19
14

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGhT (UNCER
1 - 1 / 2 TCNS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

462
1C3
359

2 .5 2
2.6 4
2 .4 9

2 .3 8
2 .6 7
2 .3 6

2 .3 1 2 .3 6 2 .3 0 -

2 .7 5
2 .7 9
2 .7 2

_
~

1
1

9
9

_
-

37
1
36

19
19

See footnotes at end of table,




"

6
3

92
73
19
8
6

2,259
548
1 ,7 1 1
620
511

-

59
59

5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L ( T I E S 4 --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

_

14
L

59
46
13
-

1 .9 7
1 .9 /
1.7 8

"

5L
PH

-

1 .5 1 1 .9 1 1 .5 2 -

“

36
33

60
10
50
21
i

1 .9 4
1.94
1 .63

-

12
7

-

1 .9 1
1.8 9
1.67

-

8
~

48
21
27
15

611
588
42

-

19

4

_
-

-

13

3 .0 0

644
1
64 3
21

JANITORS , PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

-

i
3 .8 0

1
-

2
2

_
-

203
45
lse

76
39
37
13

65
12
53
7
6

215
2
213
9
140

32
1
31
7
12

90
36
54
5
21

18 4
1 08
76
7
3

164
9
155
118
2

95
*9
6
1
3

240
12
22f
19
129

69
7
62

131
120
11

42
11
31

104
9
95

44
17
27

14
3
11

17
2
15

146
146
-

41
17
24

26
18
8

48
3e
1C

17
5
12

4
4
-

42
42
-

5
4

13
12

22
20

3

-

_

7
6
1
1

18
12
6
2

13
13
2

12
6
6
2

4C
13
27
21

5
5
“

4
4
-

4
4
4

26
1
25
20

4
4
“

-

1

-

1
1

10
10
-

21
1
20
20

-

-

11
10
1
-

5U
21
29
24

21
21
18

82
34
48
28

174
17
157
12

100
100
49

8
8

3
3

27
7
20

158
14
144

33
33

_

-

3
~

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

102
1 C2
l
1

456
10
446
446

49
59
-

_
-

"

-

315
315

6
6
-

26
26
-

_
-

_
-

12
12

1

5
5
~

-

_
-

_
-

_

9

2

_

_

_

_

13
13
1

14
13
1
1

4
1
3
3

57
57
31

22
17
5
1

1
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

16
3
13
10

33
15
18
6

26
26
-

1
1

30
14
16
12

20
11
9
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1

2
1
1
-

20
14
6
4

28
28
28

1
-

*

14
4
10
-

34
6
8
7

50
32
18
2
~

141
33
108
4
50

48
37
11
2
9

138
39
99
92
1

49
26
23
21
2

488
171
317
81
139

_

29
29
“

51
19
32

5
4
1

_

_
-

4
4

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

_
-

_

86
21
65
41
-

809
40
769
769
~

178
12
166
166
“

30
18
12

46
46

2
2
“

1
-

-

-

15
15
“
_
“

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
{A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b as is
by in dus tr y d i v is i o n , D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
in
Hourly eat•n gs ’

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn i n gs of—
$

Mean1
3
2

Median3

Middle range3

Under\ l , A 0
l
and
1 . 4 o under
1.50

T KUCKDRIVERS5

t
1.50

$
1.70

S
1.8 0

$
1.9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

2 .4 0

$
i
2 . 8 C 2.9C

i

2 .3 0

■
{
.
f
*
»
2 . 3 0 2 ., 6 C 2 , 7 0

%

1.6 0

3I.C0

3 .1 c

f
$
3 .2 0 3 ,40

,
3.60

i “
3,6 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.3 0

2 .4 0

2.5 0

2 . 6 0 2 ,. 7 C 2 . 8 0

2!.9C

3 . 00

;1 . 1 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

12
12

-

~

"

i

and

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, MECIUM 1 1 - 1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------UA 1I 1 Ar i UK 1 Nb
K C
iP
rlANUr AC TIID f K _ _
— — —
— — —
fcimiUAk^ir ArninTk r
. . — — — — — —
IN iN AIM r AL i Uu 1 l\u — — — — — — — —
U ri
J
mini r r i»rl r L tlticcb 4. ~
rUCLUi U l i l l r —
~— — —
— — —
RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY COVER A TONS.
TOATIcn Twnc^ — — — — — — — —
1 KA I LCK 1 T r t 1
— — — —— — — ——
IkAKinc ATTIlO f klf — — — — — — — — —
r AiNUr AL I UKIiNU ^^ — — — — — — — —
—
U IIi A lI 1CAU T1ID 1 KP ____^ ______________
PM K
A/* 1UK I :
NuNMAI'lUr
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------n r tA 1 L t o a p c
Kt 1 a ri 1 KALt
•
TRUCKERS, POWER f FCRKLI F T ) — --------—
DAMIlC APTIVjKlINO ———— —— — — — ————
P! — — ——
— — — — —
f AINUrAU 1 I D IM
— —
— —
inihlli ALIIC AP 1UK f A
:P
fSiU r AlSUr AL Tl in 1 ftv:
iN
—
mini r r U1 i i 1t i1Cc 4— — — — — — —
rUOL lU i i t 11- i 1 c j
—— — — — —

1 ,3 4 6

$
3.08

L, 216

f *1 0
3 •1 2
i a;

198

2.47

$
3.20
2.79
3«£O
3.5 3
2 .4 4

(
3*39
3.54
\ 11
3 .1 1

2.9 7
3 ,5 4
3.6 1
^ f i s7
J

56 Q

3 .C 5

3.1 5

319
OS
c4

^*11
3 51

A7^
313
138

$
2 .7 6 -

$
3.55

2.9 C 3 .2 8 2 .2 4 -

3.55
3 .5 7
2.74

3 .1 4 2.H 73 .1 6 3 .5 4 3 .1 2 -

3 .6 3
3 .5 «
3.63
3 .6 5
3 .1 7

3.2 2
3 .5 5

2 .9 2 -

3 .2 6

2 .6 3 -

3. 0 j
3.30
3.58

3 .1 3 3 .5 2 -

1H
18

-

-

48

-

-

“

-

21

18

55
27
28

15
3
12

28

12

49

~

“

2
2

12
4
8

3
3

1

-

_

65

11
8
3

13
6
7

68

22
2
:’ c

18
18

-

20

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

20

-

-

-

4
4
-

_
_

1
-

9
1
8

2

189
12
1 77
7H
13

40
40
*40
_

629
30
599
599

2
2
-

-

"

"

19
18
1

70
20
2Q
“

131
131
3
12 6

15
3
12
'r

134
10
124
124
-

171
5
166
166
“

9
“

117
1 16
1
1

2
2
-

99
6
93

109
9
100

71
71
71

46
43
3
3

68
14
54
4
5C

24
19
5
1
4

97
97
92
1

2
-

4
4

19
14
5

7

_

1 Data li m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w he re o t h e rw i se indicated.
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o l id a y s , and late shifts.
3 F o r d e f in i t io n of t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and ot her public ut ilities.
5 In cl ud es a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e f in e d , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type o f t r u c k o pe ra te d .




42
21
21

1

48
-

-

-

5

19
19

15
15
-

16
5
11

3
c
2
1

-

2

-

14

B. Establish m ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Other in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 1
2

Inex perien ced typists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eekly straigh t-tim e s a l a r y 1

M anufacturing

N on m anufactu rin g

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

40

N onm anufacturing

B ase d on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—

All
in dustries

B a se d on standard ■ eekly hours 3 of—
w

All
in d u stries

All
schedule s

40

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ______________________________________

177

51

XXX

126

XXX

177

51

XXX

126

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

63

19

19

44

36

84

22

22

62

53

u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ____________ ___
__________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 _____ __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ____ ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________ _________________
_______________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _____________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __________ _________________ ______
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ________________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _______ ________ - _______________________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
under $90.00
.
.
... . . ......
u nder $92.50 _
..................
. ___ _
o v e r __________________________________________________

_
2
4
3
7
11
5
8
5
3
3
1
3
2
2
1
1
2

_
1
2
2
5
1
2
1
1
2
1

_
1
2
2
5
1
2
1
1

_
2
4
3
6
9
3
3
4
1
2
3

_
3
3
4
7
2
3
4
1
2
3

1
3
6
3
15
14

2
1

-

-

1
1
5
3
8
11
4
4
1
2
5
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

_
3
2
3
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
3
6
3
12
12
5
4
1
2
5
2

-

_
3
2
3
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

-

-

2

2

-

-

3
3

3
3

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

23

8

XXX

15

XXX

43

18

XXX

25

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h di d not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________

91

24

XXX

67

XXX

50

11

XXX

39

XXX

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50

1
2
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g (h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e pa id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




8
8

3
1
3
1
6
3
1
1
4
3

standard w o r k w e e k s .




15

Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ou n t of d iffe r e n tia l,
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1967)
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

S econd sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r oth e r
sh ift w o rk

A c t u a lly wo rk ing on—

S econd sh ift

T h ir d or o th e r
sh ift

T o t a l________________________________________________

8 9 .2

8 3 .1

1 8 .8

7 .6

W ith s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________

8 9 .2

8 3 .1

1 8 .8

7 .6

U n ifo r m cen ts (p er h o u r ) ________________________

7 0 .6

5 5 .6

1 4 .6

5.1

5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________________________
7 c e n t s _______________ _____ _______________________
10 c e n ts ______________ ____ _______________________
12 c e n ts __________________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n ts _______________________________________
13 c e n ts __________________________________________
14 c e n ts __________________________________________
15 cen ts
_
_
_ _
17 c e n ts __________________________________________
1 8 c e n ts __________________________________________
20 c e n ts ___________ _______________________________
21 cen ts and o v e r ______________________________

1 0 .0
12 .3
1.6
2 2 .6
3 .9
.6
3 .5
9 .8
2 .4
2 .7
1.1

2 .2
3 .2

1.2

-

(2 )
.2
1 .5
.1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _______________________________

5 .4

5 .4

1.4

1 .4

5 .4

_

1.4

10 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
F u ll d a y 's D a v fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s

.. .... .. .

_

7 .9
-

1 3 .8
5 .6
.6
.5
1.9
9 .3
3 .9
10.1
2 .1

_

_

-

4 .5
.8

1 .5
.5
.1
-

(1 )
2
.2
2 .2
.7
.7

5 .4

_

1 .4

1.3

2 .7

.4

F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t p er sh ift o r p er w e e k ____

1 0 .8

1 3 .0

2 .2

P a id lunch p e r io d not give n f i r s t - s h i f t
w o r k e r s , p lu s u n ifo r m cen ts p e r h o u r _____

1.1

O th e r f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l-----------------------------

1.1
5.3

W ith no sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l_______________________

1 In clu d es e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p er a tin g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly op era tin g late s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g

la te

sh ifts

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1
of first-sh ift workers, Denver, C olo ., December 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s
All
industries

2

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

•
,

Retail trade

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

100

100

100

100

U n d er 3 7 V2 h o u r s ___________________________________
3 7 Vz h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s ____________________
40 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 40 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s ----------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s ---------- ---------------------- ------------------- -------- -------48 h o u r s ______________________________________________

2
5
2
80
3
3
1
4

1
9

-

-

-

87
1
2

100
-

3
9
75
6
4
2
2

1
2
3
4
5

All
4
industries

100

1
5
6
86
1
1
-

Manufacturing

100

-

1
99
-

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

3

5
4
91

-

97
-

-

_

(5)

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e the w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o rk , w h e th e r th ey w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o se in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




17

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Denver, Colo., December 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

Retail trade

Ail
,
industries J

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

88

99

100

1 00

99

4

“

12

( 4)

"

"

1

( 4)
24
3
15
6

_

1
4

83

All
.
industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________ __

Manufacturing

100

100

90
10

Public
utilities 13
i

Manufacturing

Public
utilities L

Retail trade

N u m ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s _______________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ____________ ______________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s -------- ---------------------- -----------------------------9 h o l id a y s _ --------------------------------------------------------------1 0 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________ _
12 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________

2

2

1

31
5
17
3
1
18
12

9
12
16
8
3
20
26

7

2
59

21

24

67
3

3

-

-

-

( 4)

1

_

-

~

38
11
1
1

_

10
7
15
3
5
22
38
-

30

13

65
_
-

3
_

-

“

_
_
38
64
68
90
100
100
100
100

_
_
.
65
65
96
99
1 00
100
1 00

-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5
1 2 d a y s ___________________ _____ _____________________ _
10 d a y s o r m o r e - __________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
l x d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
h
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________ ____________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------

_
(4)
12
32
35
57
88
88
89
90

_
26
49
58
85
94
94
96
96

_
_
3
71
71
91
99
100
100
100

_
3
3
26
85
85
85
88

1
2
13
52
57
75
98
99
99
99

_
.
_
3
3
16
99
99
99
99

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to th e s a m e a m ou n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
9 f u l l d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .




18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(Percent distribution o f plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Denver, C o lo ., December 1967)
P la n t W o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

99
86
14
-

100
74
26
-

100
89
11
-

100
96
4
-

100
97
3
-

100
93
7
-

100
100
-

100
10 0
-

8
16
2

13
12
_

_
55
_

8
13
5

1
22
3

2
65
_

2
14
15

-

-

-

-

(6)

-

-

1
66
3
27
1

_

_

66
4
30
_

48
11
42
-

3
73
_
21
-

(6 )
67
3

"

-

-

-

(6 )

1
30
3
62
2

_
36
2
58
4
-

20
14
65
-

3
29
_
67
_
-

6
3
85
4
1

9
_
86
5
-

1
16
83
_
-

-

-

-

(6 )

-

-

_
14
86
-

8
92
-

1
92
4
2

_
90
5
5

_
100
“

-

_
90
5
5

_
100
-

2
_
98
_

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________ _________ _____
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t____________ ___ _________
O t h e r ___ ______________
__ _____________ —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s __________ _____ ______________

1

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s __ ___ _________________________________ —

1
33
5
(6 )

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k ---- -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________ _______
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_
31

_
20
_
75
5

_

_

57
_
43
-

66
_
33
_

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________ ______________________
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________ ________ __________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s __________ _______ ________ ______ _____________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _____ _________________

0)
(6

_

_

_

_

_
10
_
90
_
-

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________
______________ ______________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________ _ _____ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________ _______
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ________________________ _______ _____

4
3
86
2
3

_
2
86
4
7

~
-

(6 )

(6)

5
3
92
_

1
92
4
2

2
98
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________ _______________
_ ______
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ _____ _______ _____
2 w e e k s ___________________ _____ _ __________________
_
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ____ __________________
_______ _________
O v e r 6 w e e k s __________ ____ ___________ _________

S ee f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le




3
4
87
2
3
(6)

_
2
86
4
7

_
14
86
_

(6)

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
----

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision-- Osnver, Colo. , December 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All
2
industries

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

All

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

98

92

34
5

2

7

-

_

.

7

1
25

(6 )
71
2
5
(6)

23
_
64
5
8
-

93

74

_

_
_

(6)
19
1
73
2
5
(6 )

19
1
66
5
8

industries

Manufacturing

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________ _______
__ _ _
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ __
2 w e e k s _________________________
__ _____ __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ____ _
_ ______
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ _
4 w eeks _
O ver 6 w eeks____

_

1
2
81
2
13

1
71
4
24

_

_

(6 )
(6 )

4
96

3
3
85

_

_

9

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_
_

(6)
80
2
16
1
1
(6 )

1
_

61
_

_

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek- _
__
.. . .
________
2 w eeks _
___
______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ ______________
3 w eeks
_
_
.
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ _ _____
__ _____
4 w eeks
_ __
O ver 6 w eeks

1
34
3
59
_
3
(6 )

_

_

32
5
58

4
4
92

_

-

_

-

-

_
2
_
84
14

3
22

6
-

3
26

_

72
_

(6)
22

_

_
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
_
_
2 w e e k s __________
_ _ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
_ _____________________________________ „
3 w eeks_
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________ ___________
4 w eeks
_
r
___
O ver 6 w eeks
_
___ ...

1
27
3
64
2
3
(b )

_

19
7
68
_

_

75
_

_

_

-

-

_

_

4
4
66
_
26
-

2
_
58
14
26
-

3
20
_
78

6
-

_

_
4
_

1
22
_

96

78

_
_

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k . _________
_______________________________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _
.....
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____
_ .
4 w eeks
_
, . _
O v e r 6 w e e k s ___________________________________________________

1
17
2
63
2
15
(6 )

_

_
-

(6)
6
(6)
74
2
18
(6)

_
3
_
61
5
31
-

_
1

1
21

_

_

79

79

20
-

-

_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s _______________ __________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________ _________
3 w eeks
_
.... .
....................
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________ __
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s
___
5 w eeks
__
. ir.
......
O v e r 6 w e e k s ____ _
_______

1
16
2
30
2
45
1
3
(6)

_

_

4
4
37
1
47
_
7
-

2

3
19

_

_

5
14
78

28

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w eeks
....
......
,
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________ __ __
3 w e e k s __ _______________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______
4 w e e k s _ _ __
_ _____
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s .
______
___
5 w e e k s _____ _
_______ _________
___
_____
O v e r 6 w e e k s ___
__________
S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le ,




_
_
-

_

1
16
_
25
4
45
1
8

_
4
_
28
5
46
18

_

(6)

-

-

_

2
_
5
14
78
_

_

51

_

_
-

(6)
5
(6)
35
(6)
53
2
4
(6)

_

_

1
20

3

1

_

_

_

26
_

7

28

_

_

59
5
8
-

92

52

-

-

_
_

_

_
_

(6 )
32

_
3
_
13
_

_

_

58
5
21

92

54

_

-

(6)
53
2
7

_

_
_

-

(6 )

-

-

-

3
19
25
_

53
-

(6)
5

1
_
7

1
20
_
26

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
---(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Denver, Colo. , December 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

1
16
25
4
46
1
8
-

_
4
26
4
47
18
-

(6 )

-

1
16

_
4

-

-

O ffice w o r k e r s

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________________________________ _____ _________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______ _______________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________ _____
4 w e e k s _________________________________________ ____
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ____________________ —
5 w e e k s ____________________________ _____ _________
6 w e e k s _ ____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

_
2

3
19

-

-

(6)
5
(6 )
32

_
3

_
1

-

-

25
_
53
-

(6)
53
2
5
3

13
59
5
10
10

(6 )

5
14
78
-

-

(6)
5
(6 )
32

_
3

1
20
_
26
_
54
_
_

7
92
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________ __________
3 w e e k s _______________________ ______________________
___________ ___
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____
_
_______ ___
4 w e e k s _____ .._____ _______ _ _____ _„„
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s . ______________________
5 w e e k s ___________________ __________________ _____
6 w e e k s __________________________ __________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s --------- -------- --------------------------------------

25
4
46
1
8
_
( 6)

26
4
47

_
2

3
19

-

-

25
_
53

18

5
14
78
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(6 )
53
2
4
3
1

-

13
-

59
5
10
10

_
1
-

7
_
92
-

1
20
_
26
_
54
-

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s and th o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w it h
q u a lif y in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l o f s u c h e x c l u s io n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r ie s .
2 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o se in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t o t h e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r
p r o g re s s io n .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
.h ealth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 196 7) 1
5
4
3
2
O ffice w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it
All
2
industries

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ________________________________ ____
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _________________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 ____________________________

91

97

99

93

64

65

81

61

79

87

83

86

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ______________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________ __________

55

73

42

18

1
1

2
1

16

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e _______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________ :_________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n _______

92
90
87
58
61

99
99
99
56
70

A ll w o rk e r s

_____

_____

All
4
industries4

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100

93

97

96

96

67

74

80

65

91

84

92

92

43

41

56

19

48

41

16

61

53

57

26

24

42

14

4

35

42

98
98
98
97
83

86

93
92

98
98
98
71
85

97
97
97
96
82

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :

2

79
76
56

60

86
73
76

1

1

71

66
55
57

68

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e li m it e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly
e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




22

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay
provisions, Denver, C o lo ., December 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p a y p o l i c y

A l l w o r k e r s ________________

All
t
induetries

— ----------------------

Manufacturing

Public
utilities L

Retail trade

100

85

68

85

68

2
83

(5 )
65

"

-

100

100

99

98

99

-

-

100

86
85

Manufacturing

100

100

100

A
U
industries 3

Public
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

86

92

83

86

92

83

-

-

-

-

3

-

86

92

-

-

D a ily o v e r t i m e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s _______________________________
T im e an d o n e - h a l f ___________________ _________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r ;
7 h o u r s _ ________________________________
7 lf-> h o u r s
73 1 h o u r s
/
8 h o u r s _____________________________________
O t h e r p r e m iu m r a t e s ----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6________________________________

(5 )
4
80
1

9
88
2

99
-

3
80

2

14

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________
_ __ _____

___

98

99

100

100

99

100

100

98

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f ______________________________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
3 7 l!z h o u r s _____________________________ __
O v e r 3 7 V2 an d u n d e r 40 h o u r s _________
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________
42 h o u r s ----------- --------------------------------------O v e r 4 2 h o u r s _____________________________

98

99

100

100

99

100

100

98

3

8

-

-

-

-

(5 )
88
4
2

-

-

2
89
7
2

1
3
93

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6________________________________

2

91
-

100
-

-

-

1

3
2
94
1
(5 )

(5)

-

-

100
-

100
-

-

-

(5)
1

2

1 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th ou g h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y d o n o t w o r k o v e r t i m e .
G r a d u a t e d p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r e m iu m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r the f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m iu m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a llin g f o r t im e and o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 and d o u b le t im e a f t e r
10 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t im e and o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 h o u r s .
S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a ll in g f o r n o p a y o r p a y a t a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s and t im e an d o n e - h a l f a f t e r
40 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 40 h o u r s .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l i c y , o v e r t i m e is n o t w o r k e d .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since Ihe last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g. , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Woiking from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.



SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial woik.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer,” used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers” for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

26

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wi de functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll­
time assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e .g ., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




27

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this woike^s time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary' such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

28

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND P OWE RP LANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




29

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply die
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

30

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

31

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVE ME N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gate men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,



A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

32

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving cleric
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l is t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e se n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c to r y in d ic a tin g d a te s of e a r lie r s tu d ie s , and th e p r ic e s o f th e b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y be p u r ch a sed fr o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s show n on th e in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .
A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

Akron, Ohio, July 1967 1_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady^-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 ----------------Albuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1 9 6 7 ______________________
Allentown—Bethlehem —Easton, P a.— .J .,
N
Feb. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1967 ___________________________________
B altim ore, M d ., O ct. 1967______________________________
Beaumont—Port Arthur— range, T ex ., May 19 6 7____
O
B irm ingham , A la ., A p r. 1967 1__________________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 1967_____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Sept. 1 9 6 7 1______________________________

1 5 3 0 -8 6 ,
15 3 0 -6 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 0 ,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 3 ,
157 5 -3 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 3 ,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1966 1________________________________
Burlington, V t ., M ar. 1967 1 _____________________________
Canton, Ohio, A p r. 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
C harleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967 ---------------------------------------C harlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1967 ______________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Aug. 1967------------------------------Chicago, 111., A p r. 1967 1 ________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—K y.— d., M ar. 1967 --------------------------In
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967_____________________________
C olum bus, Ohio, O ct. 1967______________________________
D a lla s, T e x ., Nov. 1967__________________________________

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 0 ,

Davenport—
Rock Island—M oline, Iowa—
III.,
O ct. 1967__________________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
D en ver, C o lo ., D ec. 1967 1________________________ _____
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
Fort Worth, T e x ., N ov. 1 967_____ ________ ______________
G reen Bay, W i s ., July 1967______________________________
G reen ville, S .C ., May 1 9 6 7 ________________________ - ____
Houston, T e x ., June 1967 ------ -----------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1967 1 ___________________________
Jackson, M i s s ., Feb. 1967 ______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1968 ----------------------------------------Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s., Nov. 1 967 1___________________
K
Lawrence— averh ill, M a ss.—N .H ., June 1967 -------------H
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., July 1967---------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden G ro ve, C a lif., M ar. 1967 1 ____________________
L o u isv ille, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1967 1 ----------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., June 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
M anchester, N .H ., July 1967-------------------------------------------M em phis, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1 968 1---------------------------------A
M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1967 1_________________________________
Midland and O d essa , T e x ., June 1967 ---------------------------

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e

Milwaukee, W is ., A pr. 1967 1_____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1967 1________________
Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1967 _________
Newark and J ersey C ity, N .J ., Feb. 1 9 6 7 _______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1____________________________
New O rlean s, L a ., Feb. 1967 1 ___________________________
New York , N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Ham pton, V a ., June 1967 1_______________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ., July 1967________________________ _

15 30 -7 6,
1 5 30 -4 2,
1 5 30 -7 2,
1 5 30 -5 5,
1 5 7 5 -3 4 ,
15 30 -5 1,
1530 -8 3,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

15 30 -8 2,
157 5 -4 ,

25 cents
20 cents

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Iowa, Oct. 1 967 1_________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—
Pater son—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N .J ., May 1 9 6 7 _____________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J ., Nov. 1966 1______________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z ., M ar. 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1 9 6 7 1_____________________________
Portland, O reg.—W ash ., May 1 9 6 7 _______________________
Providence—Pawtucket—W arw ick, R .I.—M a s s .,
May 1967 1 __________________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1967 1------------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1967 1_______________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1967 __________________________________

1 5 7 5 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
15 30 -3 5,
15 30 -5 9,
15 30 -4 6,
1 5 7 5 -1 6 ,
1 5 30 -7 9,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

15 30 -7 0,
1 5 7 5 -6 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 7 ,
15 3 0 -6 8 ,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1 5 7 5 -1 2 ,
15 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
15 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 ,
15 3 0 -6 6 ,
15 3 0 -8 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 6 ,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Oct. 1966 1-----------------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 1967 _________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 ___________________________
San Bernardino—R ive rsid e-O n tario, C a lif.,
Aug. 1967 1__________________________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1967---------------------------------------------San F ran cisco —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan.1967 1______________
San J ose, C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1--------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., May 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1967 1-------------------------------------------------Seattle—E verett, W a sh ., Nov. 1 967 1_____________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 5 ,
15 30 -8 4,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1 5 7 5 -1 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 9 ,
1 5 30 -3 6,
1 5 7 5 -1 5 ,
15 30 -6 9,
1 5 7 5 -9 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 9 ,

30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1 5 3 0 -4 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 0 ,
15 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 57 5 -2 ,

20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

15 30 -6 5,
15 30 -4 9,
15 30 -7 5,
1 5 7 5 -1 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 8 ,
15 3 0 -7 8 , .

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1967 1__________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1 9 67______________________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 1967 1 ______________________________
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F l a ., Aug. 1967________________
Toledo, Ohio—M ich ., Feb. 1967 1__________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Nov. 1967__________________________________
Washington, D .C .—M d .-V a ., Sept. 1967--------------------------W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967_________________________________
W ichita, K a n s., D ec. 1967______________ __________________
W o r c e ste r, M a s s ., June 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
Y ork , P a ., Feb. 1967 — -----------------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1_________________
W

1 5 7 5 -1 7 ,
1530 -5 7,
1 5 30 -8 0,
157 5 -8 ,
15 30 -5 0,
1 5 7 5 -2 4 ,
1 575-1 1,
15 30 -5 4,
1 5 7 5 -2 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 1 ,
1 5 30 -8 1,
15 30 -4 7,
1 5 7 5 -2 5 ,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1 Data on establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102