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o ? .

Area
Wage
Survey




3

;

Daytona Beach, Florida,
Metropolitan Area, August 1979

Preface
T h i s b u ll e t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a n A u g u s t 1979 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n i n g s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the D a y to n a B e a c h ,
F lo r id a , Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistical A r e a .
The s u r v e y was m a d e as
p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a . , u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d not h av e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith ou t the
c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e a nd s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s
f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u ll e t in .
The B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b l i c a t i o n is in th e p u b lic d o m a i n and m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a se cred it
the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s and c i t e the n a m e and n u m b e r o f this
p u b lic a t i o n .




Area
Wage
Survey

Daytona Beach, Florida,
Metropolitan Area, August 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner

Contents
Introduction__________________________________________

2

November 1979
T a b les:

Bulletin 2050-41

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments U S Government Printing Office
W ashington D C 20402. GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 50 Make checks payable to Super­

intendent of Documents



E a rn in gs, all e s t a b lis h m e n t s :
A -l.
Wee kly e a rn in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s _____
A -2,
Wee kly e a rn in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s __________________
A -3.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f
o ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________
A -4, H ourly e a rn in g s o f m a in ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and po w e rp la n t
w o r k e r s __________________________________
A -5. H ourly ea rn in gs o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cu s t o d ia l w o r k e r s ______
A -6. A v e r a g e h o u r ly earn in gs o f
main tenance, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t, and
c u st o d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ourly e a rn in gs f b r s e l e c t e d
occu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________
A -8. A v e r a g e pay r e la t io n s h ip s
within e s ta b lis h m e n ts
f o r w h i t e - c o l l a r w o r k e r s ______________
A -9. A v e r a g e pay re la tio n s h ip s
within e s ta b lis h m e n ts
f o r b l u e - c o l l a r w o r k e r s ________________

Page

Page

3
4

4

5
5

6

7

8

9

T a b le s — Continued
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and supplem en tary
wage provision s:
B - l . M in im u m en tr an ce s a la r ie s f o r
in e x p e r ie n c e d ty pis ts and c l e r k s _______ 10
B - 2 . L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e manufacturing
p r o d u c tio n and re la t e d w o r k e r s ________ l i
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h ours and days of
f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ____________ 12
B - 4 . Annual paid h o lida ys f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s __________________________________ 13
B - 5 . P a id va ca tio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ________________________ 14
B - 6 . Health, in su ra nce, and pensio n
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________ 16
B - 7 . L if e in su ra n c e plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _______________________ 17
A pp e n d ix A.
A p p e n d ix B.

S co p e and m ethod o f s u r v e y __________ 20
O ccu pa tio na l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________ 25

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 1 s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and
related benefits.
(S ee li s t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
earnings data f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s ( A - s e r i e s ta b le s) a r e c o l l e c t e d
a nn ua lly .
I n f o r m a t i o n o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d ivid ua l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l a nd r e ­
g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a , f o r a ll
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n it e d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a
a nd H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s 1
,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
a nd ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e a nd s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s a nd f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g
a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g s e p a r a t e l y .
D a ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i s t o o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
se p a ra te presen tation.
T h i s t a b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in
s u rv e y sam p les.
F o r fu rth er d e t a ils , s e e appendix A.
T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v i d e f o r th e f i r s t t i m e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p s w ith in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y differ c o n s id ­
e r a b l y f r o m the p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b l i s h e d in t a b l e s
A - l through A -6 .
S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r d e t a i l s .
B - s e r i e s t a b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p i s t s and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s o n s c h e d ­
u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a ­
t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s .

A - s e r i e s tables
A ppendixes
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s of s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
T h e occu p a tio n s a r e defin ed
in a p p e n d i x B .
F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 10 t h r o u g h A - 15
p r o v i d e s i m i l a r da t a f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d pla n t w o r k e r s .




A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a
wage survey program .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and l a b o r m anagem ent agreem ent coverage.
A ppendix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d by B u re a u fie ld r e p r e ­
sentatives to c la s s if y w o r k e r s by o ccu p a tion .

Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
W eek ly earnings 1
standard)

(

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

A verage
w eek ly
hours
(standard)

1

M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS R E C E IV IN G STRA IG H T -T IM E WEEKLY EARNING S ( IN DO LLARS) OF —
110

120

130

1 40

150

160

170

1 80

190

2 00

2 10

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

3 20

340

1 20

130

140

1 50

160

170

180

1 90

200

2 10

2 20

230

240

2 50

2 60

280

300

3 20

3 40

360

-

1
1
-

-

2
2

4
3

7
5

14
9

6
3

7
5

9
5

4
i

2
-

5
5

9
1

6
2
4

-

-

8

1
1

8
5

3
3

2
2

2
2

1
1
1
1

1
_
-

-

-

3

1

5
1
4
-

_

_

3
3

2
1
1
-

-

_

6
6

1

_

3
3

29
10
10
19
19

-

1
1

16
1
1
2
2

2
1

2

1
_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3
1
2

-

3
1
2

100
AND
UNDER
110

S E C R E T A R IE S ...................................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

1 20
41

S E C R E T A R IE S t CLASS C....................................
M ANUFACTURING............................................ ...
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

42
17
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 0 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
2 7 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0 - 2 6 8 .0 0
2 5 4 .5 0 - 2 7 7 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S t C LASS D ....................................
m a n u f a c t u r in g .....................................................

38
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 4 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0

2 5 9 .5 0
2 6 1 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 6 4 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0 - 2 6 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD O PER A TO R S.. . . . . . . . . . . . .
SWITCHBOARD O PERATO RR E C E P T IO N IS T S .........................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

17

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

-

30
24

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0

-

2
2

3
3

8
7

10
9

3
2

2
1

1
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.................................................
M ANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING..............................

159
56
1 03

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0

4
4

4

11
1
10

28
3
25

20
6
14

23
12
11

17
8
9

11
4
7

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S t CLASS A ...................
M ANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

63
15
48

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 4 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0 - 2 5 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0

-

_

8

7

5

-

-

-

-

-

5

8
1
7

7
2
5

3
1
2

4

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S t CLASS B ..................
M ANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

96
41
55

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

4
4

4
4

1
2

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G . ... ... ................... ..

26
18

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 - 2 2 5 .5 0

_

_

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS# C LASS A .............

16

3 9 .0

1 9 0 .5 0

1 8 4 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 3 2 .0 0

3 9 .5 $ 2 1 8 • 5 0 $ 2 2 8 .0 0 $ 1 7 6 .0 0 - $ 2 6 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 7 9 .5 0 1 7 7 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0

_

_

2

_
_

_

_
_

2
1
1
-

_

-

-

8

-

3
1
2

21
3
18

15
6
9

15
11
4

10
6
4

8
3
5

3
2

3

1
1

4
2

6
4

1
1

1

2

5

~

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




7

3

8
6

1

2

5

2
2

6
1

-

4

-

1
1

7
5
2

2
i
i

2
2
-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1

2

-

_

_

1
1

3
3

4
3
i

2
1
1

_

_

1
1

2
2

4
3
i

2
1
i

_

1
_

_
_

i
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

4

_
_

'

5
5
5

_

-

-

_

1

1

_

“

~

~

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
NUMBER

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
workers

M ean 2

M edian 2

M id d le range 2

OF

W ORKERS

120

W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
A verage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

130

140

RECEIVING

150

160

STRAIGHT -T IM E

170

180

200

WEEKLY

220

EARNINGS

240

260

(IN

2 80

DOLLARS)

300

320

OF —
340

360

380

420

UNDER
150

160

170

180

200

220

2

1

-

1

3

4

1

5

-

1

2

240

260

280

300

320

340

1

1

380

400

420

440

460

3

360

2

1

1

2

-

-

15

3 9 .5

$ 3 6 9 .0 0

$ 3 7 6 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS...............................................

18

3 9 .5

2 1 0 .5 0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0 -

2 2 5 .0 0

-

-

16

3 9 .5

2 1 0 .0 0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 8 1 .5 0 -

2 2 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

3

4

1

5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

-

-

2

1

9

4

8

35

7

4

2

2

5

*

“

~

2

2

2

2

3

.

$ 3 1 7 .0 0 - $ 4 2 1 .0 0

1

D R A FTER S..........................................................................
NAN UF ACTURING....................................................

86

3 9 .0

2 6 5 .0 0

2 7 4 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -

2 8 1 .0 0

2 A

4 0 .0

2 9 0 .0 0

2 8 3 .0 0

2 5 5 .0 0 -

3 2 9 .0 0

D R AFTER S. CLASS B............................................

15

4 0 .0

3 2 3 .0 0

3 2 5 .5 0

2 7 1 .5 0 -

3 6 6 .0 0

D R AFTER S. CLASS C............................................

22

4 0 .0

2 6 8 .0 0

2 6 4 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -

2 8 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

ELECTRO NICS TE C H N IC IA N S ................................

67

4 0 .0

3 0 2 .5 0

3 0 1 .0 0

2 5 4 .0 0 -

3 4 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

8

ELECTRO NICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B .

32

4 0 .0

3 1 4 .5 0

3 0 3 .0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -

3 8 5 .0 0

4

5

2

_

2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3

3

5

1

1

3

1

1

2

1

3

-

2

-

-

-

1

4

4

6

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

8

4

4

11

2

13

-

-

-

-

*

2

4

2

2

13

-

“

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979

O ccu p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
Weekly Weekly
workers hours1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN
S E C R E TA R IE S ..................................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

3 9 .5 $ 2 1 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 8 0 .5 0

S E C R E TA R IE S * CLASS C. . . . . . . . . . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .................... ..
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ................
S EC R ETA R IES? CLASS 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................

35

3 9 .5

2 2 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS......................................

17

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATO RR E C E P T IO N IS T S ..........................................................
NO NM A N U FA C TU RIN G ............................... ... .

30
24

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING............................................

25

148
52
96

3 9 .0 $ 1 6 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 8 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 5 0 .0 0

56
44

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

Average
(mean2)
Weekly Weekly
hours* earnings1
(standard] (standard)

NONMANUFACTURING............................................

92
40
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................................

26
18

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATO RS. CLASS A............

16

3 9 .0

1 9 0 .5 0

21

4

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B .

4 0 .0

2 9 0 .0 0

20

1 7 4 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




O ccu p a tion , s e x . 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
119

1

_

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

O ccu p a tion , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

460

OVER
140

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )..................................................................

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
Weekhr Weekly
workers hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

440

AND

130

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B . . . . . .

400

AND

4 0 .0

2 6 2 .5 0

32

4 0 .0

3 1 4 .5 0

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
Hourly earnings *

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y )..

Number
of
workers

41

NUMBER OF WORKERS R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY E a RNINGS ( IN DO LLARS) OF—
3 .9 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .3 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 3 6 .0 0

Mean * Median2

* 6 .0 9

* 6 .6 9

Middle range 2

* 6 .3 3 - * 6 .6 9

UNDER
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0
4

-

-

2

2

—

1

—

—

1

—

—

-

—

3

—

23

—

4

—

1

-

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
NUMBER OF WORKERS R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T - TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS ( IN DOLLARS) OF —

Hourly earnings *
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

TR U C K D R IV E R S ................................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

97
81

Mean 2 Median2

* 4 .8 1
4 .8 3

* 4 .7 5
4 .7 5

Middle range 2

2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 . 20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0
AND
UNDER
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 . 40 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0

* 4 .0 3 - * 5 .8 8
4 .0 3 - 5 .8 8

-

4
4

2
-

3
3

-

32
29

6
3

1
-

7
6

3
3

4
-

3
3

2
2

27
27

-

.

3
1

TRU C K D RIVERSe MEDIUM TRUCK..................

75

4 .9 3

4 .7 5

4 .0 3 -

5 .8 8

-

-

1

3

-

25

4

-

6

3

-

3

-

-

2

1

-

-

R E C E IV E R S ........................................................................

15

4 .0 1

2 .9 0

2 .9 0 -

4 .9 5

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

4 .4 9 4,. 4 2 -

6 .2 7
6 .2 7

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

4
-

1
1

"

9
9

"

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

-

5 . 36
5 .9 2

2
_
-

-

5 .3 2
5 .3 1

_
-

1

22
18

_
-

-

S H IP P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S ...................................
M ANUFACTURING....................................................

8
_
-

WAREHOUSEMEN...............................................................

23

4 .8 5

4 .1 0

4 .1 0 -

4 .5 0

-

i

1

-

2

8

3

3

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

M A TER IA L HANDLING LAB O R ERS........................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

73
68

4 .0 7
4 .1 3

4 .2 5
4 .3 8

3 .2 5 3 .5 0 -

4 .7 7
4 .7 7

4
-

11
11

5
5

6
6

1
1

7
7

-

4
4

4
4

27
27

1
-

3
3

-

~

J A N IT O R S . PO R TER S. AND C L E A N E R S ....
MAN U FACTURING ....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING..............................* . . . .

123
43
80

3 .7 3
3 .7 7
3 .7 0

3 .5 0
3 .6 5
3 .3 8

3 .2 5 3 .4 5 3 .2 0 -

4 .0 5
4 .1 5
3 .6 5

6
6

18
5
13

26
5
21

21
e
13

15
5
10

4
4

7
7

1
1

7
7

1
1

10
10

1
1

i
1

-

-

5
5

*
-

-

-

-

.

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




5

_

_

27

-

-

3




Table A-6.

Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,

powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O c c u p a tio n , s e x ,3 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number Average)
(mean2
of
hourly O c c u p a tio n , s e x ,3 and in d u s try d iv is io n
woikers earnings 4

M AIN TEN A N C E. TOOLROOM. ANO
PO WE RPL A NT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
M AINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y )..

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
woikers earnings 4

M ATER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
R1

$ 6 .0 9

TRU C K O R IVER S ...............................................................
NO N"ANUFACTURING ............................................

94
78

4 .7 6
9 .7 7

S H IP P E R S ANO R E C E IV E R S ...................................
M ANUFACTURING...................................................

22
18

5 .3 2
5 .3 1

WAREHOUSEMEN...............................................................

16

9 .6 5

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AMO CIJSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

M ATER IA L HANDLING LABO RERS........................
MANUFACTURING...................................................

52
98

* 3 .8 7
3 .9 5

J A N IT O R S . PO R TER S. AND C L E A N E R S ....
M ANUFACTURING....................................................

107
30
77

3 .6 9
3 .7 6
3 .6 6

15

3 .8 9

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
J A N IT O P S . PO R TER S. AND C L E A N E R S ....

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

6




Table A-7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.

Daytona Beach, Fla., for selected periods
A u gust 1975
to
August 1976

Industry and occu p a tio n a l group 5

A u gust 1976
to
A u gust 1977

A u gust 1977
to
A u gust 1978

August 1978
to
A u gust 1979

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . . .

. .

U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s __________________

..

..

..

____ —

(6)
1‘ )
( 6)
(‘ )
6.1

M
(6 )
(6 )
1 0 .6

(6)
H

(6 )
n

( 6)
(‘ )

(‘ )
(6)
7.6

( 6)
( 6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)
(‘ )
(6 )

(b )

M an u factu rin g:
(6)
(6 )
(6)
( 6)
n

( 6)
(6 )
(6 )
( 6)
( 6)

(6)
(6)

U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s _____________________________

( 6)
( 6)
I6!
(6)
W

(6 )
(6)
(‘ )
(6 )

( 6)
(6 )
(‘ )
(‘ )

N on m an u factu rin g :

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________________________

b )

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

7

(6)

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n b eing c o m p a re d —
O c c u p a tio n w h ic h e q u a ls 100

Secretaries

A ccou n tin g clerks

Key cutty operators,

Sw itchboard operators

SEC RET A R IE S » CLASS C...........................
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D...........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATO RS........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATO RR E C E P T IO N IS T S ...........................................
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS B . . . .
KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. CLASS A . .

class A

Class D

Class C

Class A

100
110
123

109
(6 )

100

133
107
129
121

113
99
11 2
(6 >

97
89
97
95

Class B

100
84
96
94

P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n

1 JJ
127
113
b e in g

10 J
96

1 0J

c o m p a re d —

Drafters
C om p u ter operators, class

B
Class

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. CLASS B . . .
O R A FTERS. CLASS B ...................................
D R A FTER S. CLASS C ...................................
ELECTRO NICS T E C H N IC IA N S .
CLASS B.............................................................

—

B

E le ctro n ic tech n icia n s, class B

Class C

1 00
<6 )
(6 )

100
115

100

86

118

9<*

1 00

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .

N OTE:
T a b le s A -8 and A -9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay r e la tio n s h ip betw een p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r e x a m p le , a value o f 122 in d ica te s that e a r n in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n
d ir e c t ly above in the heading are 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a value o f 85 in d ica tes e a r n in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading a re 15
p e r c e n t b elow e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n in the stub.
See appendix A fo r m eth od o f com p u tation .




8

Table A-9.

Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979

O cc u p a tio n w h ich equ a ls

100

M a in ten an ce, t o o lr o o m , and p o w erp la n t o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —

D A T A FOR M A IN T E N A N C E , T O O L R O O M , AN D P O W E R P L A N T O CCU PA TIO N S DO NOT M E E T PU B L IC A T IO N C R IT E R IA

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d — ^
Truckdrivers
R eceivers

Shippers and receivers

W arehousemen

M aterial handling laborers

Janitors, porters, and clean eis

M edium truck

T R U C K D R IV E R S . MEDIUM T R U C K ... .
R E C E IV E R S..........................................................
S H IP P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S .....................
WAREHOUSE HEN..................................................
H A TE R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R S ....
J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S . AND
C LEA N ER S..........................................................

1 01
ib)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
lb)

IDO
(6 )
1D3

lb)

100
(6 )
(61

100
107

100

1 25

132

121

1 16

100

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .

NOTE:
T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay r e la tio n sh ip b e tw e e n p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r e x a m p le , a valu e o f 122 in d ica te s that ea rn in gs f o r the occu p a tion d ir e c t ly
a b o v e in the heading a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a rn in gs f o r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t l y to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a valu e o f 85 in d ica te s ea rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading a r e 15 p e r c e n t
b e lo w e a r n in g s fo r the o c c u p a t io n in the stub.
S e e ap p en d ix A fo r m eth o d o f com p u tation .




9

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists

M in im um w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 7

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N on m an u factu rin g

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
s ch ed u les

ESTAB LISH M EN TS STU D IED -------------------------

7V

16

XXX

63

XXX

79

ESTAB LISH M EN TS HAVING A S P E C IF IE D
MINIMUM ---------------------------------------------------------------

10

5

4

5

4

17

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
5
3
~
1
2
~
1
1

1
1
1
1
~
1
1

UNDER $ 1 1 5 .3 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 1 1 5 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 2 0 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 2 0 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 2 5 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 2 5 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 3 0 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 3 0 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 3 5 .0 J -----------------$ 1 3 5 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 4 0 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 4 0 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 4 5 .0U -----------------$ 1 4 5 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 5 0 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 5 0 .0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 5 5 .0 0 -----------------$ 1 5 5 .0 0 AND OVER ----------------------------------------

1
3
1
1
~
2
1
i

ESTA B LISH M EN TS HAVING NO S P E C IF IE D
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------------------ESTAB LISH M EN TS WHICH D ID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN T H IS CATEGOPY -----------------------

2

i
-

1
1
1
1
~
1

1
1
1

~

1
“
"

40

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

16

XXX

63

XXX

6

6

11

6

-

-

1
1
1

1
2
4
2

1
3
-

1

1
1

1
1

1
1

i
~
i
i

~

4

1

XXX

3

XXX

27

9

XXX

18

XXX

65

10

XXX

55

XXX

35

1

XXX

34

XXX

1

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




8

N on m anufacturing

M an u factu rin g

10

-

1
1




Table B-2.

Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production

and related workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
( A l l f u ll- t im e m a n u fa c tu rin g p ro d u c tio n and r e la t ed w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t^
A ll w o r k e r s 9
Ite m
Second s h ift
T h ir d s h ift

W o r k e rs o n la te s h ifts
Second s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN E S T A PLIS H R E N TS W ITH L A T E -S H IF T P R O V IS IO N S -----------

89 .5

7 5 .9

1 7 .3

4 .8

W ITH NO PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L FOR L A T E -S H IF T WORK ----------W ITH PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L FOR L A T E -S H IF T WORK -----------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HO UR D IF F E R E N T IA L ---------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L ------------------------------------OTHER D IF F E R E N T IA L --------------------------------------------------------------------

3 .1
8 6 .3
86 .2
.1

7 .1
6 8 .8
5 8 .5
.1
1 0 .2

2 .3
1 5 .0
1 5 .0

.2
4 .6
4 .4
.2

1 3 .1
10 .0

1 9 .4
1 0 .0

1 3 .2

2 0 .3

31 .8
10 .2
41 .7
2 .4

1 4 .2
1 .7
2 9 .7
2 .4
1 0 .5

4 .5
4 .2
5 .5
•7

~
~
~

~

AVERAGE PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L
UNIFORM CEN TS-PER -H O U R D IF F E R E N T IA L -------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L ------------------------------------------

~

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L
UNIFORM
ID
13
15
20
25
30

c e n ts - p e r - hour:

u n if o r m

percentag e:

CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 1 A C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.1

10 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

o th er d if f e r e n t ia l :
F u l l D A Y 'S PAY FOR

.1
1 0 .2

REDUCED HOURS-------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f tables.

1
1

4 .2
.1
”
.2

Table B-3.

Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

A ll in d u strie s

M an u factu rin g

N on m anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS ------------------20 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------3 1 /2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------5 0 A Y S -------------------------------------------------------30 H O JRS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------------32 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------A DAYS ------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------32 1 /2 H O uR S-5 OAYS -------------------------------35 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------36 HOURS-6 D A Y S ----------------------------------------36 1 /4 HOUR S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------------37 1 /2 HOURS—5 D A Y S -------------------------------38 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------6 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------38 1 /2 HOUR S—5 O A Y S -------------------------------38 8 / 1 u H O LP S -5 DAYS ----------------------------43 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------6 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------42 HOURS-5 OAYS ----------------------------------------45 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------46 HOUPS-o DAYS ----------------------------------------50 HOURS-6 OAYS -----------------------------------------

1

1
(11)

( 11)
( 11)

1

15

5
75
73

90
90

1

69

75
75

66

3

2
2

3
3

(11)

(11)

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ----------------See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




12

M an u factu rin g

N onm anuf actu r ing

P u b lic u tilit ie s

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e r s
It e m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

1U0

100

100

100

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
100

ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS -------------------

100

IN E S T A B LIS H M E N TS NOT PR O V IO IN G
P A ID H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------IN E S T A B LIS H M E N TS P R O VID IN G
P A ID H O LID A YS -----------------------------------------

31

1

A3

3

6

69

99

57

97

94

99

92

100

7 .0

8. 4

6 .1

9 .8

7 .1

9 .0

6 .6

9 .9

(1 1 )
4
(1 1 )
4

-

(1 1 )
5
(1 1 )
6
15
1
8
8
3

( 11 )

_

_
_
_
_

-

2

(id

100

100

8

AVERAGE NUMBER OF P A ID H O LID A YS
FOR WORKERS IN E S T A B LIS H M E N TS
PR O V IO IN G H O LID A YS ----------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A ID H O LID A YS PR O VID ED
2
6
1
2
A
5

HALF DAYS ------------------------------------------------HALF DAYS ------------------------------------------------H O LID A Y ------------------------------------------------------H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------------------H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------------------H O LIO A YS ----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ---------------------------------6 H O LID A Y S ----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ---------------------------------7 H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------------------8 H O LIO A YS ----------------------------------------------------9 H O LID A YS ----------------------------------------------------10 H O LID A YS --------------------------------------------------11 H O LID A YS --------------------------------------------------

-

ii

1A
1
9
1
9
2
1
23
1

12
3
12
( 11 1
4
56

69
65
61
61
A7
A6
37
36
27
25
2A
1

99
99
99
99
87
87
76
72
60
60
56

-

*
~
A
-

~

93

57
51
A6
46
31
30
22
22
1A
11
11
1

97
97
97
97
93
93
93
93
93
93
93

10
1

(1 1 )
(1 1 )
(1 1 )
1
20
(11 )
22
(1 1 )
21
4
(id
23
1

4
-

13
(1 1 )
1
12
1
68

(1 1 )
(1 1 )
1
24
(id
24
26
3

-

1

_
_
_

13
1

98

92
92
92
91
67
66
42
42
16
1A
14
1

100
100
100
100
99
99
98
98
98
96
98

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY T O T A L ^
P A ID H O LID A Y TIM E PR O VID ED
2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------3 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------A DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------5 1 /2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------6 1 /2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------11 OAYS -----------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le s




94
93
93
92
72
72
50
50
29
2A
2A
1

99
99
99
99
95
95
82
82
80
69
68

_

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o rk e r s
Item

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
100

100

1 00

1 00

100

100

1 00

100

5

1

6

_

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

(1 1 )

95
87
8

99
76
22

94
92
2

100
1 00

99
99

99
99

99
99

"
100
100

& MONTHS OF s e r v i c e :
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS --------------------------------------

10
15
1
2

34
12

(1 1 )
16
1
2

58

1
59
6

5
34

1
66
8

81

1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E :
UNOER i WEEK -------------------------1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------

in >
66
2
26
2

76
22

(1 1 )
62
3
27
2

7
93

(1 1 )
18
(1 1 )
81

15

(1 1 )
19
( 11 )
81

2
98

(1 1 )
20

23

ALL F U L L -T IK E WORKERS ---------------IN ESTA B LISH M EN TS NOT PR O VID IN G
PA ID VACATIO NS ---------------------------------IN ESTA B LISH M EN TS PR O VID IN G
PA ID VACATIO NS ---------------------------------L E N G T H -O F -T IM E PAYMENT ------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ----------------------AMOUNT OF P A ID VACATIO N A F T E R :13

2 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -------------------------------------3 YEARS OF S F R V IC E :
W E E K -------VER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS

71
2
2

-

~

_

75
-

-

~

(1 1 )
18

_

69
3
2

1 00
-

(1 1 )
5
95
(1 1 )

-

85
'

_

-

(1 1 )
4

_

6

94

95
(1 1 )

100

-

-

7

7

6

-

1

4

(1 1 )

-

VER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
WEEKS —

84
2
2

91

81
3
2

100
-

98
(1 1 )

95
-

99
(1 1 )

100
-

4 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
4 WEEKS --------------------------------------

7

7

6

-

1

4

(1 1 )

-

84
2
2

91

81
3
2

100

93
5

95

93
7

100

5 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------

67
7
13
2

S ee fo o tn o te s

5

-

”

-

86
10
2

-

-

6

-

(1 1 )

-

(1 1 )

-

60
5
18
2

86

74
13
13

61
34
4

77
7
15

96

14

at en d o f t a b le s .




-

14

4

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o r k e r s
It e m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

26

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

6
33
3
48

A ll in d u s trie s

100
"

N o n m a n u f a c tu r ing

(1 1 )
11
(1 1 )
83
5
~

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

AMOUNT OF P A ID VA C ATIO N A F T E R 13 CONTINUED
10 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 W E E K S ------4 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------12

4
31
2
55
~
4

73

5

YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

4
27
2
57

14
85

4

~

6

11

15 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

4
26
2
42
2
18

_

6
32
3
32
3
17

38
62

~

-

20 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -------

4
26
2
29
32
2

25 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

4
26
2
29
21
13
1

30 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :*
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------7 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

4
26
2
29
21
10
3
i

*

E s tim a te s

See

fo o tn o te s

o f p r o v is io n s

fo r

lo n g e r

_

of s e r v ice

89

-

11
67
21

2

perods

_

6
33
3
47

"
-

11
-

37
51

_

11
37
41
10

_

11
37
41
10

a re

~

_
-

2

“

6
32
3
25
25
3

-

3
90
7

6
32
3
25
13
14
1

_
-

3
4
86
7

6
32
3
25
13
14
-

-

3
4
86
7

1

id e n t ic a l .

at end o f ta b le s .




15

(1 1 )
11
(1 1 )
73
15
(id
( ii)
10
(1 1 )
51
(1 1 I
33
5
~
(1 1 )
10
(11 )
35
48
i
5
(1 1 )
10
(1 1 )
35
28
21
5
( in
10
(1 1 )
35
28
14
12
(1 1 )

10
-

90
-

(u >
12
( 11 )
81
6

-

100
-

~

9
-

91
-

“
5
-

30
-

A5
-

_

5

-

13
75
7
~
5
-

13
30
51
“
5
-

13
30
17
34

( id
12
(1 1 )
69
18
(i i )
( ii)
11
(id
56
(1 1 )
25
6
“
(i i )
11
(1 1 1
41
41
(1 1 )
6
( 11 I
11
(i i )
41
28
13
6
( ii)
11
(n )
41
28
13
6
(i i )

-

99
-

1

-

19
-

31
-

_
-

2
96
1

-

2
-

96
1

-

2

-

96
-

1

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u f a c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

1 00

100

100

1 00

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L -T I» F WORKERS ------------IN ESTA B LISH M EN TS PR O VID IN G AT
LEAST ONE OF ^ THE B E N E F IT S
SHOWN BELOW14----------------------------------------

83

99

84

1 00

98

99

97

1 00

L IF E INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRISUTGDY PLANS ----------------

79
46

93
86

74
30

1 00
62

95
65

96
83

95
60

100
82

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -------------NONCONTRIPUTORY PLANS ----------------

60
35

77
70

53
22

93
54

88
59

72
71

91
56

99
80

SIC KN ESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SIC K LEAVE OR BOTH1 5 ----------------

50

56

48

97

89

89

89

98

35
25

44
44

32
18

62
62

38
36

72
72

30
28

82
82

38

SIC K N ESS AMU ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------MONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------SIC K LEAVE (F U L L PAY AND MO
W A ITIN G P E R IO D ) ----------------------------SIC K LEAVE (P A R T IA L PAY OR
W A ITIN G P E R IO D ) -----------------------------

56

30

46

77

89

75

19

7

-

10

50

10

-

13

79

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------

16
12

26
15

13
11

50
50

34
25

49
8

30
29

79
79

H O S P IT A L IZ A T IO N INSURANCE -----------NONCONTRIPUTORY PLANS -----------------

88
45

99
87

83
28

100
97

98
72

99
83

97
70

100
98

SURGICAL INSURANCE ----------------------------NONCOETRIBUTOPY P L A N S -----------------

88
45

99
87

83
28

100
97

96
72

99
83

97
70

100
98

MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTODY PLANS -----------------

87
45

99
87

82
28

1 00
97

97
72

99
83

96
70

100
98

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE NONCONT h i PU TOP Y PL ANS

88
45

99
87

83
28

1 00
97

98
72

99
83

97
70

100
98

DENTAL IN SU RA NCF
NOMCQNT R I BU TOP Y PL A NS

12
6

2
2

16
8

58
58

20
16

22
10

19
18

81
81

RETIREM EN T pf: N il 0 N NONCONT R I FU i 0 R Y PL AMS

58
53

85
74

48
45

97
97

83
74

87
52

82
79

98
98

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




16

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

A ll in d u s trie s
A ll
p la n s 1

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

A ll
p la n s 1

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

A ll
p la n s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

A ll
p la n s

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 16

TYPE OF PLAN ANO AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE
ALL F U L L - T I ME WORKERS ARE PRO VIO EO THE SAME
F LA T-S U M DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS 17----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V ID E D : 18
MEAN -----------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) --------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) --------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN D IC A T E S A S P E C IF IE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D LENGTH OF S E R V IC E :
PERCENT OF A LL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS17------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V ID E D 1 8 A F T E R :
6 MONTHS OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) ---------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ---------------1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------M IO DLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ---------------M ID DLE RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C EN T) ---------------5 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) ---------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ---------------10 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------M EDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) ---------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PE R C E N T) ---------------2 0 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------M IODLE RANGE ( 5 0 PE R C E N T) ---------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PE R C E N T) ----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

at en d o f ta b le s




45

27

56

53

14

* 5 .2 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
j*2 * 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 1 . 5 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0

* 4 .9 0 0

* 5 .4 0 0
* 7 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0

* 5 .5 0 0
* 7 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0

* 6 .7 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .3 0 0
* 1 . 3 0 0 - 1 5 . JOG

*5.000

* 2 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 1 . 5 0 0 - 7 .5 0 0

* 2 . 0 JO-

7 .0 0 0

8

* 5 .6 0 J

* 5 .00C

* 2 . 0 0 0 - 8 .0 3 0
*1 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

20

20

* 5 .0 0 0
* 5 » 0 JO

* 5 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0

*2 » 0 0 J — 6 . 0 0 0

* 2 . 0 0 0 - 8 .5 0 U

*2»0J0* 2 .0 0 0 -

8«0u0
3 .5 0 J

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979— Continued
P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
A ll in d u s trie s

Ite m

A ll
p la n s 16

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

A ll
p la n s 16

A ll in d u s trie s

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la ns 16

A il
p la n s 16

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

A ll
p la n s 16

N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s 16

TYPE OF PLAN ANO AMOUNT
OF IN SU R AN C E-C O N TIN U ED
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN D IC A T E S A S P E C IF IE D OOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D AMOUNT OF E A R N IN G S :
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS 17---------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PRO VIDED 18 I F :
ANNUAL EARNING S ARE $ 5 , 0 0 0 :
ML A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGt ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDDLE RANGE (BO PER C EN T) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNING S APE $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDOLE RANGE (BO PER C EN T) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNING S ARE $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNING S ARE $ 2 0 ,3 0 0 :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N IN G S :19
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E W ORKERS17---------------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNING S USEO TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :18
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------PEPCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT SPEC TEYIN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS S P E C IF Y IN G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------S F E C IF IE O MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :18
Mt A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MED I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------M IDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER C EN T) ------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON S O "E OTHER TYPE
OF p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKEPS17---------------------------S e e fo o t n o t e s

1A

5

16

22

17

36

23

$ 8 .4 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
$ 6 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 . UOO

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 7 ,0 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

$ 6 ,2 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$ 5 ,3 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 6 ,0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,1 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 9 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 9 ,0 0 0

$ 6 ,0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
$ 6 , 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

$ 2 2 ,6 0 0
$ 2 2 .0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0
$ 1 3 .0 0 0 - 3 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 1 9 ,9 3 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

$ 1 4 ,5 0 0
$ 1 5 *0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 8 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 ,0 0 0

$ 1 3 ,2 0 0
$ 1 3 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 , 0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 , 0 0 0

$ 1 6 ,8 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 8 , 0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 2 . 0 0 0

$ 1 6 ,4 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 . 0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 2 . 0 0 0

$ 3 3 t 100
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 . 0 0 0
$ 1 7 ,0 0 0 - 6 5 . 0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 6 ,9 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
)
)

$ 2 1 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 .3 0 0
$ 1 5 .0 0 0 - 3 0 .3 0 0

$ 1 9 ,2 0 3
$ 1 5 .0 0 )
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 . 0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 . 0 3 0

$ 2 2 ,5 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 , 0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0

$ 2 2 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 , 0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0

$ 4 5 .8 0 0
$ 4 2 .0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 2 .0 0 0
$ 20 t 0 0 0 - 9 9 t 900

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 3 6 ,8 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

$ 2 9 ,2 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 .0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 .3 0 0

$ 2 6 ,4 0 3
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 . 0 0 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 . 0 0 0

$ 3 3 ,8 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 7 . 5 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 2 , 0 0 0

$ 3 2 ,4 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0
$ 3 0 ,0 0 0 - 4 2 , 0 0 0

18
1 .5 4
1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
l. J O - 2 . 5 3
15

13
1 .3 4
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .3 0
1 .0 0 - 2 . 3 0
12

21
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

21
(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

21

21

_

57
1 .9 1
2 .0 0
2 .0 0 - 2 . 0 3
1 .0 0 - 2 . 5 0
40
17

3

1

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

_

3

1

-

"

at end o f ta b le s .




12

18

-

$ 1 8 9 ,0 0 0
$ 2 0 0 ,0 0 0
$ 9 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 0 0
$ 9 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 0 0

3

38
1 .8 5
2 .3 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0
21

40
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

40
(6
(6
(6
(6

40

40

-

_
-

-

-

16
$ 1 9 8 ,3 0 0
$ 2 0 3 ,0 0 0
$ 9 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 0 ,0 0 0
$ 9 5 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 0 0

2

)
)
)
)

Footnotes
S o m e o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n ot a p p ly to th is b u l l e t i n .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g the e a r n i n g s o f
a ll w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian d e s ig ­
n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f t h e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a l f r e ­
c e i v e th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e r a t e sh o w n . T h e m i d d l e rsinge i s d e f i n e d
b y t w o r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e th a n the
h igher ra te .
3
E a r n i n g s da ta r e l a t e o n l y t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
5
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e t o m e n o n l y f o r
s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e and u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
A ll oth er e stim a te s r e ­
la te t o m e n and w o m e n .
6
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r data n o t a v a i l a b l e .
7
F o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m regu lar s tra ig h t-tim e h iring s a l­
a r i e s th at a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k ­
w eeks rep orted .
8
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
9
In cludes
a l l p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la te s h i f t s , e v e n t h o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y
o p e r a t in g late sh ifts.
10 L e s s them 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
11 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
12 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a lf d a y s that add t o the s a m e a m o u n t ;
f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 10 da y s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 10 f u l l da y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 9 f u l l d a y s and 2
h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n
w e r e cum ulated.




13 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th an " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n b and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a ­
t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a ft e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h i c h
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
"N oncon tribu tory
p l a n s " in c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
15 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
16 E s t i m a t e s u n d e r " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e t o a ll p la n s f o r w h i c h at le a s t
a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . E s t i m a t e s under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y - t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
*7 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a ll f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " a ll f u l l - t i m e
p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g e q u a l 100
percent.
18
T h e m e a n a m o u n t i s c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d i n s u r a n c e b y th e a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , to t a lin g
the p r o d u c t s , and d iv id in g th e s u m b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n
i n d i c a t e s that h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r s m a l l e r
and h a lf an a m o u n t e q u a l t o o r l a r g e r th a n th e a m o u n t show n .
M id d le
r a n g e (50 p e r c e n t ) — a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an am ount e q u a l to
o r l e s s th an th e s m a l l e r a m o u n t and a f o u r t h a r e p r o v i d e d an am ount e q u a l
to o r m o r e th an the l a r g e r a m o u n t . M i d d l e r a n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f
th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d am a m o u n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r
a m o u n t and 10 p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r m o r e than the
l a r g e r amount.
19 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n i n g s is th e n u m b e r b y w h i c h annual e a r n in g s
a r e m u l t i p l i e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p l e ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 i n d i c a t e s that f o r annual e a r n i n g s o f $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 the amount o f
in su ra n c e p r o v id e d is $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 .

19

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f th e 72 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , th e B u r e a u o b t a in s
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
six b roa d in du stry d iv is io n s :
M anufacturing; tran sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c l u d e d .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a re also e x clu d ed b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d . A p p e n d i x t a b l e 1 s h o w s the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d t o b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e l l as th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s t u d i e d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b t a i n data b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e t w o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m
establish m en ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i s
s e le c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h g o ou t o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e n o l o n g e r w ith in th e i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , i s r e t a i n e d f o r th e f o l l o w i n g t w o ann ual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to th e a r e a a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u ntil th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
The
sam p ling p r o c e d u r e s
in v olv e
d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is
stra tified u n iverse a pro b a b ility
s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e
of selection .
T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W hen data a re
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o th a t u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p le , if one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a l t e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f da ta a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If n o s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e ,
a d d it io n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r th at i s s i m i l a r t o the
m i s s i n g unit.

Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited
area for FRASER
Digitized studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the
U. S. Department of Labor.



O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s
a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t
da ta. S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w hen the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n
o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in da ta f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e than o n e l e v e l , data a r e i n c l u d e d in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y is n ot a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E arnings
da ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W eekly hours fo r o ffice
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to th e s t a n d a r d
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m rates).
A v era g e w e e k ly earn ings f o r these occu pations
a r e r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in the s i z e o f the c l a s s
in te rv a ls.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r a g e s f o r in dividual
j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o rtio n s of w o rk e rs e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u gh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s d u r in g the y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h in the g r o u p s .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s tim a te s . In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a f fin g , and th us c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c
C o n tin u e d
M ech a n ics (m o to r vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s
s h o u l d not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s
i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s p a id
i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
g e n e r a l su rv e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
J ob d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

U n s k i l l e d plant

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l h a n dlin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d
as f o l l o w s :
1.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e i g h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d
to o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy and not th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s among establishm ents d iffe r , estim ates o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .

A v e r a g e earn ings a r e com pu ted fo r each occu p ation for
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
The a v e ra g e s a re derived
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in the
s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a in s unchanged.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu pa tion a l groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
th e t r e n d j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e still a ffe c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r th a n w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id
u n d e r p la n s p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in div id ua l j o b s .
In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at th e b o t t o m
o f t h e r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g t h e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e
th ese wage trends
s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 19 7 3, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .
A v e r a g e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p s w ith in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
R e l a t i v e m e a s u r e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l p a y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 8
f o r w h i t e - c o l l a r o c c u p a t i o n s and in t a b l e A - 9 f o r b l u e - c o l l a r o c c u p a t i o n s .
T h e s e r e l a t i v e v a l u e s r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y b e t w e e n o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
R e l a t i v e p a y v a l u e s a r e c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s f o r an o c c u p a t i o n b e in g c o m p a r e d b y the
a v e r a g e f o r a n o t h e r o c c u p a t i o n ( d e s i g n a t e d as 100) and m u lt ip ly in g the
q u o t ie n t b y 100.
F o r e x a m p l e , if j a n i t o r s in a f i r m a v e r a g e $ 4 an h o u r and
f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s $ 5 , f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s h av e a r e l a t i v e pa y va lu e o f 125
c o m p a r e d w ith j a n i t o r s .
( $ 5 ~ $ 4 = 1.25 x 100 = 125.)
In c o m b i n i n g the
r e l a t i v e s o f th e in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a r r i v e at an o v e r a l l a v e r a g e ,
e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a s m a n y r e l a t i v e s as it has
w e i g h t e d w o r k e r s in th e tw o j o b s b e i n g c o m p a r e d .

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
d a t e s . W h e n t h e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , annual
ra tes a re a ls o shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t
rate betw een s u rv e y s .)
O ccu p a tio n s u se d to co m p u te w age trend s are:
O ffice c le r ic a l

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2

S ecreta ries
S ten ograp h ers, sen ior
Stenographers, general
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
File c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , a nd C
M essengers
Sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s, cla sses
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
P a yroll clerk s
K ey entry o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

C om puter sy ste m s analy sts,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

P a y r e l a t i o n s h i p s b a s e d on o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s m a y d i f f e r c o n s i d e r a b l y
b e c a u s e o f th e v a r y i n g c o n t r i b u t i o n o f h i g h - and l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to
th e a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e o v e r a l l a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r f o r k l i f t
o p e r a t o r s m a y b e 50 p e r c e n t m o r e than t h e a v e r a g e f o r j a n i t o r s b e c a u s e the
a v e r a g e f o r f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s m a y b e s t r o n g l y i n f l u e n c e d b y e a r n in g s in
h i g h - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i l e the a v e r a g e f o r j a n i t o r s m a y b e s t r o n g l y
i n f l u e n c e d b y e a r n i n g s in l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
In s u c h a c a s e , the
i n t r a - e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e l a t i o n s h i p w i l l i n d i c a t e a m u c h s m a l l e r d i f f e r e n c e in
earn ings.

In dustrial n u r s e s
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses
Skilled m ain ten ance
Carpenters
E lectricia n s
P a in ters
M ach inists
M ech a n ics (m a ch in ery '

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is s t u d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
office w ork ers.
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ) in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and all n o n s u p e r v i s o r y

2 The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation for this group.
introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

DigitizedA revised job description is being
for FRASER


21

w orkers
( i n c l u d i n g g r o u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , i n s p e c t i o n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , h a n d lin g , p a c k ­
in g , w a r e h o u s i n g , s h ip p in g , m a i n t e n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l a nd g u a r d s e r ­
vices,
produ ct dev elopm en t,
a u x ilia r y p r o d u c tio n f o r p la n t's ow n u se
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t ) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
a t e d w ith th e a b o v e p r o d u c t i o n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and r o u t e w o r k e r s
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.)
In f i n a n c e and i n s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d w o r k e r s a nd t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s in s u c h d e p a r t m e n t s as a c c o u n t i n g ,
a d v e r tisin g , p u rch a sin g , c o lle c t io n , c r e d it, fin a n ce, le g a l, p a y r o ll, p e r so n n e l,
s a le s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , pu blic r e la t io n s , e x e c u tiv e , o r tran sp orta tion .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a s w e l l
as c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d a s s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
b o th the p r o d u c t i o n a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m ) . H o l i d a y s a r e in c l u d e d e v e n th o u gh
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r t h e y fa l l o n a n o n w o r k d a y and e m p l o y e e s a r e n ot
g r a n t e d a n o t h e r day o f f .
P a i d p e r s o n a l h o l i d a y p l a n s , t y p i c a l l y fo u n d in
the a u t o m o b i l e and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e i n c l u d e d as p a i d h o l i d a y s .

M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n l y t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
B e c a u s e o f th e
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y th at l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
(The " X ' s " show n under standard
w e e k l y h o u r s i n d i c a t e th at no m e a n i n g f u l t o t a ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )

F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d , a ll p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a c a t i o n pa y c a l c u l a t e d o n o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is t a b u la t e d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n p a y .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g ( t a b le B - 2 ) .
D a ta w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o li c ie s o f m a n u fa ctu rin g e sta b lish m e n ts r e g a r d in g p ay d iffe r e n tia ls fo r
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h i c h ( 1 ) h a v e p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g th e o p e r a t i o n
o f l a t e s h i f t s , o r (2) h a v e o p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s at a n y t i m e d u r i n g th e 12
m onths p r e c e d in g a su rv e y .
W hen e sta b lish m e n ts have s e v e r a l d iffe re n tia ls
w h i c h v a r y b y j o b , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p l y i n g t o th e m a j o r i t y o f th e p r o d u c t i o n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W hen e s ta b lis h m e n ts have d iffe r e n t ia ls w h ich apply
o n l y t o c e r t a i n h o u r s o f w o r k , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p l y i n g t o the m a j o r i t y o f
th e s h if t h o u r s is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s t u d y , a l a t e s h if t i s e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n i n g )
s h i f t w h i c h e n d s at o r n e a r m i d n i g h t o r a t h i r d (n igh t) s h if t w h i c h s t a r t s at
o r near midnight.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d a n d t h i r d s h if t s a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
b y a l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t at the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y )
and ( 2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s ( a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) .
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
insurance^ and p e n s io n plan s.
P r o v i s i o n s w h i c h a p p l y t o a m a j o r i t y o f the
p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d t o a p p l y to
a l l p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x i s t e n t w h e n it a p p l i e s t o l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y .
H olidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; a nd h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
t o e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r th e b e n e f i t s a s w e l l as t o e m p l o y e e s w h o
w ill even tu ally b e c o m e e lig ib le .
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s and d a y s r e f e r to th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s and d a y s p e r w e e k w h i c h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t ( d a y ) s h i f t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r p a id f o r at
s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e rates.
P a id h olid a ys (table B - 4 ).
H olidays a r e in clu d ed if w o r k e r s who
a r e n o t r e q u i r e d t o w o r k a r e p a id f o r th e t i m e o f f and t h o s e r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m pay o r c o m p e n s a t o r y tim e off.
T h e y a r e in clud ed
o n l y i f t h e y a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ( p r o v i d e d f o r in




Data a r e t a b u la t e d to s h o w the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w h o (1) a r e
g r a n t e d s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s and (2) a r e g r a n t e d
specified
a m o u n t s o f to t a l h o l i d a y t i m e
( w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s a r e
aggregated).
P a i d v a c a t i o n s (ta ble B - 5 ) . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t t h e i r m e t h o d o f
c a l c u l a t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y ( tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the am ou nt o f v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c l u d e d .

A l s o , p r o v is io n s a fter e a ch s p e c i f i e d length o f s e r v i c e a r e re la te d
t o a l l p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a t i o n pla n s c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n
pa y as s e r v i c e le n g t h e n s . Counts o f p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y le n g th
o f s e r v i c e w e r e n ot o b t a in e d .
The tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n pay gran ted
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . H e a l th ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s i n c l u d e p la n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s
e i t h e r a ll o r p a r t o f the c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a
u nio n fund t o w h i c h the e m p l o y e r h a s c o n t r i b u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fun d s e t a s i d e t o c o v e r th e c o s t .
A p la n is i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u gh a m a j o r i t y o f th e e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t do n o t c h o o s e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e q u i r e d t o b e a r
p a r t o f it s c o s t ( p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l
e v e n t u a l l y b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , and
te m p o r a r y disability insurance 3 are e x clu d ed .

3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A ct) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n i t y ( u s u a ll y
t h r o u g h an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f dea th o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n i s a l s o p r o v i d e d in t a b le B - 7 o n ty p e s o f l i f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s
and th e a m o u n t o f c o v e r a g e i q a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d and in m a n u f a c t u r i n g .
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o p la n s
w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f de a th o r l o s s o f l i m b o r s ig h t as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c i d e n t .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s o n l y t h o s e p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e th at p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
w h o l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f o r
c o n t in u in g an e m p l o y e e ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
D ata c o l l e c t e d d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p a y o r r e q u i r e a
w aitin g p e r io d .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e pla n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u po n th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r pa id s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n t h s ) . P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until the e n d o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r e lig ib ility fo r retirem en t benefits.
F u ll o r pa rtia l p a y ­
m en ts a re a lm o s t alw ays re d u ce d by s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o r k e r s ' disability
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p i t a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h osp ita l e x p e n s e s . S u rg ica l in su rance c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ica l
in su r a n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f fic e , o r hospital ca lls .
P lan s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l ca re o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e f o r m i n o r
a ilm ents
at a w o r k e r ' s
p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
m e d ica l in su ra n ce.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s t o s e r v i c e s w h i c h go
b e y o n d th e b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s th at a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e f i t s b e g i n , (2) h as a c o i n s u r a n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s th e i n s u r e d t o pa y a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) h a s a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f i t s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 0 00 a y e a r ) .
D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e n o r m a l d e n ta l s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a l l y f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t s
o n l y f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a c c i d e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s to the
re tire e fo r life.
I n c l u d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e
t h e o p t i o n o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e annuity.

L abor-m an agem en t agreem ent coverag e
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u la t io n s h o w s the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e D ayto n a B e a c h a r e a
in w h i c h a u n io n c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s
in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , A u g u s t 1979:
P r o d u c t i o n and
related w o rk e rs
A l l i n d u s t r i e s ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ___

17
16
17
97

O ffice w o rk e rs
8

10
79

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to have a co n tra ct c o v e r i n g all
p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y
a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent.
T h e r e f o r e , all other p r od u ction or o ffic e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s th at e i t h e r do n ot h a v e l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h av e c o n t r a c t s th at a p p ly to f e w e r than
h a lf o f t h e i r p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f th e e x t e n t to w h i c h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d
b y th e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d and th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
A l m o s t o n e - f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
in the D a y to n a B e a c h a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
The
f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ______________________________
___
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n t s and a c c e s s o r i e s ____________________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _________________________________
_
_
M i s c e l l a n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s __________________________
M e t a l f o r g i n g s a n d s t a m p i n g s __________________________________
I n s t r u m e n t s and r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s __________________________
_
M e d i c a l i n s t r u m e n t s and s u p p l i e s ___ __________________________
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g __________________________________________
"
N e w s p a p e r s __________________________________________
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______________________________

34
26
£
15
8
7
15
15
\ j
5

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n iv e rse m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actual survey.
P r o p o r t i o n s in
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s
va
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in a p p e n d i x t a b l e 1.
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Daytona Beach, Fla., August 1979

In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

W ith in scop e
o f s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o t a l4
Num ber

P e rc e n t

S tu d ie d

F u l l - tim e
p ro d u c tio n and
re la te d w o r k e r s

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o ta 14

79

2 1 ,6 7 4

100

1 2 ,4 4 0

2 .7 6 9

1 5 ,3 2 2

"

20
130

16
63

5, 637
16, 037

26
74

3 , 530
8, 910

537
2 ,2 3 2

5, 337
9, 985

50
50
50
50
50

5
4
67
15
39

5
2
32
8
16

1, 538
186
8, 927
1 ,8 0 0
3, 586

7
1
41
8
17

50

1 T h e D a y to n a B e a c h S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by th e O ffic e o f
M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 974, c o n s is ts o f V o lu s ia C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
scop e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n
o f th e la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, fo r c o m p a ris o n
w ith o th e r s ta tis t ic a l s e r ie s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w age
s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in a d va n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e rio d s tu d ie d ,
and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d fr o m th e scop e o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a tio n M a n u a l w a s u se d to c la s s ify
e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n . A l l g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scop e o f th e
s u rv e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o ve th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll
o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su c h as tr a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a re c o n s id e re d as one e s ta b lis h m e n t.




W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scop e o f s tu d y

150

A ll in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____ _
_ _
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
___
___
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te _ _
S e rv ic e s 7
_ _ .....
... _ _

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

954
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

292
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

1 ,5 3 8
93
5, 536
1, 137
1 ,6 8 1

4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , s e a s o n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s e p a ra te p ro d u c tio n and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i l it i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a re e xc lu d e d .
6 S e p a ra te d ata fo r th is d iv is io n a re n o t p re s e n te d in th e A - a nd B - s e r ie s ta b le s , b u t th e
d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in th e " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " e s tim a te s .
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

24

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s in c l a s s i f y i n g
in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y
o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a nd d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t
to e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a
to a r e a .
This p e r m it s grou pin g
o c c u p a t io n a l w a ge ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content.
B ecause
o f th is e m p h a s i s
o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e ­
p a red for oth er p u rp oses.
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n ta t iv e s a re in stru cted to exclu de w orking s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H andicapped w o r k e r s
w h ose earn ings are red u ced b e c a u s e o f th e ir
handicap a re a ls o e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s
s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c l u d e d in th e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in divid ua l.
M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e a nd h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u ties
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o the w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d
a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s
fe ssio n a l, techn ical, o r m an agerial p erson s;

d.

in t h is

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

c.

E x clu sion s.
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
above ch a ra cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the
d efin ition a re as fo llo w s :

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o not
d e s crib e d above;

m e e t th e

"p erson a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y du tie s w h i c h
a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
a nt, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L isted b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r i p t i o n s o r titles a r e being in trod u ced
survey:
T ru ck d riv er
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r
(previou sly surveyed
a s s h ip p in g and
receiv in g clerk)
Guard

Secretary
K ey entry op erator
Com puter operator
D rafter
S tation ary en gineer
B o ile r tender

T h e B u r e a u has d i s c o n t i n u e d c o l l e c t i n g da ta f o r ta b u la tin g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r , b o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a t o r , and m a c h i n e b i l l e r . W o r k e r s p r e v i o u s l y c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e n o w c l a s s i f i e d a s g u a r d s
u n d e r th e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

25

s e cre ta r y concept

to a g r o u p

of p r o ­

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Co n tin u e d

e.

f.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do n o t fit any o f the s it u a t io n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;
T rain ees.

s e g m e n t o f te n in v o lv in g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
LS—
4

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lassification by L ev el
S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h i c h m e e t th e r e q u i r e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d
at o n e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g t o (a) the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a nd , (b) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's resp on sib ility .
T h e t a b u l a t i o n f o l l o w i n g the e x p l a n a t i o n s o f t h e s e
t w o f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f the
factors.

persons)

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (LS)

LS—2

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—1

org a n izational

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r o r assista n t, sk ille d techn ician
o r expert.
(N O TE :
Many
com panies
assign sten ograph ers,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
su p e rv iso ry o r n on su p erv isory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in
th e d e f i n i t i o n f o r LS—3 , b ut w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d
in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r
s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

d.

e.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
eith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fu n ction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in du strial rela tion s, e tc.) o r a m a jo r
geograp h ic o r o rga n iza tion a l segm ent (e .g ., a region al h ead quar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f
(o r oth e r equivalent le v e l
o v e r 5 ,000 p e r so n s; o r

an
of

L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y 's R espon sib ility (L R )

T h i s f a c t o r e v a lu a t e s the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r ,
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e i n it ia t iv e and
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r i b e d b e l o w
2

n a t u r e o f th e w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n
a n d th e e x t e n t t o w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
ju d g m e n t .
S e c r e t a r i e s should be m a tch ed
a cco rd in g to th eir le v e l of resp on sib ility .

L R —1. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s in c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e
t o m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

a.

A n sw ers telephones,
com in g m ail.

b.

A n sw e r s telephone req u ests w h ich have standard a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R eview s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and re p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
ty pographical a c cu ra cy .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
instructed.

e.

Types,

i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll,

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g ­
m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l




N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
in i t i o n r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ough n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a l l c a s e s
iden tify such positions.
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d iv id u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the d e f i n i t i o n .

greets

personal

ca len da r

ta k e s and t r a n s c r i b e s

a nd

dictation,

ca llers,

m akes

and

opens

appointm ents

a nd f i l e s .

in ­

May

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

L R -2.
P e r f o r m s d u t i e s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 and, in a d d i t i o n p e r ­
f o r m s t a s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , in i t i a t i v e , and k n o w l e d g e
o f o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s i n c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

a.

S c r e e n s t e l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h ca n
b e h a n d l e d b y th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d i n a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ich req u ire a detailed kn ow led ge o f o f ­
fice p roced u res
o r c o lle c tio n o f in form a tion f r o m file s o r
other o ffice s .
M a y s ig n r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in o w n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's nam e.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
of gen era l in stru ction s.

reports

S c h e d u l e s t e n t a t i v e a p p o in t m e n t s w it h ou t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b ack grou nd m a te ria l fo r sched uled m eetin gs.
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s t o o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit .
( A l s o t y p e s , t a k e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s . )

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

s e c r e ta r y fo r each

Stenographer, G en eral.
D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u ­
lary.
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other re la tiv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l tasks.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
n o t i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o ty pe f r o m w r it te n
co p y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er relatively
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f i n i t i o n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w it h s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )

L ev el of s e c r e t a r y 's re sp on sib ility
TY PIS T
L R —1

LS—1_________ ________ __________________ —
LS—2_______ —
_________________________________
LS—3____________________
___________ _
LS— __________________________________________
4

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y tha n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y
the f o l l o w i n g :
W ork
r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e t c . U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h i c d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and ro u tin g i n c o m i n g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g ro u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

on th e b a s i s

d.

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s the l e v e l o f th e
LS and L R c o m b i n a t i o n :

OR

C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

E
D
C
B

L R -2
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y du ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M ay a ls o ty pe f r o m w ritten copy.
May operate fr o m a
sten ogra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if
p r i m a r y du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T y p ist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in t h e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in du p lic a tin g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
as k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
distributing in co m in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n nin g la yout
and ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y t y p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a ils to suit
circu m sta n ces.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty pin g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
FIL E CLERK

Stenographer, S en ior.
D ictation in volves a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e ­
c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t u p and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f in it io n s .

F IL E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C on tin u ed

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c , , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d date o r t o le t c u s t o m e r kn o w
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(su b ject m a t te r ) headings o r p a rtly c la s s ifi e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As requ ested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u tie s i n c l u d e
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u s in g k n o w l ­
edge gained f r o m en gineering o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l train in g; e m p h a s iz in g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h an dlin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f th e j o b .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h abetical, c h ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e rica l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P osition s
defin ition s:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u tie s s u c h as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

cla ssifie d

in to

levels

accord in g

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s th at i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h i c h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k i n g
s o m e sim ple m a them atical calcu lation s.
C l a s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h i c h h a v e r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s a nd a p p l i c a t i o n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l ,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to i n s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m i s s u p p l i e d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .
ACCO U N TIN G CLERK

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O perator-R eception ist.
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b o t h as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p . i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' pu rch a se o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m erch a n d ise fr o m cu sto m e r s o r sales peop le.
W ork ty p ica lly in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s : Q u o t i n g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s i n g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y da te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ;
c h e c k i n g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y variou s types o f r e p o r ts , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u i r e d to h a v e a
k n o w l e d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P ositions
definitions:

are

classified

into

levels

on the

b a sis

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A. U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n re p e tit iv e a ccou nting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C lass B . Under clo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g detailed in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e
r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L YST ,

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u sin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccou nting c o d e s.

BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

D o e s n ot in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p roblem s.

PAYROLL CLERK
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and t o
m ain tain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P rocessin g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t i o n s ; e dit in g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
a n d a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n autom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com pu tes wages.
W ork m ay requ ire a p ractica l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
co m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g pa yrolls.

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h the fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia t e d b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
obtaining equipm ent.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n t r y d e v i c e s u c h a s k e y p u n c h
m a c h i n e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r d i s k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
da ta in to a f o r m s u i t a b l e f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a l p h a n u m e r i c k e y b o a r d and an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s a n d r e l e v a n t da ta e n t r y e q u ip m e n t.
P osition s
d efin ition s:

are

c l a s s i f i e d in to

levels

on

the

b asis

of

th e

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
who are a ssig n ed to a ssist.

lev el system s

a n a ly s t s

follow ing
C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
accounts
receiv ab le
in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be app lied.

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
i n s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m r o u t in e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s B.
NOTE:
E x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A u s in g th e k e y e n t r y
c o n t r o l s t o a c c e s s , r e a d , a n d e v a l u a t e the s u b s t a n c e o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s t o
take sub sta n tiv e a c t i o n s , o r to m ak e en tries req u irin g a s i m i l a r le v e l of
know ledge.
C l a s s B.
W o r k i s r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r detailed in stru ctio n s, w o rk s f r o m v a rio u s
s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h av e b e e n c o d e d and r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to b e e n t e r e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s , c o d e s , or m i s s in g in form a tion .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g
schem e or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o n r o u tin e a s s i g n ­
m e n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly sis w ork . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
program m ers
f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D evelop s a com p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d digital c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
eq u ip m en t ch a n g e s to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s.
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u l d b e
c l s s FRASER
Digitizedafor i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )



d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k i n g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d

29

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS---- C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u l a t i o n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w l e d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d f lo w
c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e
c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adap t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is
the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s n ot i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p rob lem s.

M a y gu id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s t o routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig ita l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u t e s ru ns b y
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s o n e p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l t a n e o u s l y ) .
The follow ing
d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- S tud ie s
needed.
-

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

are c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s which', r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s
w h i c h id e n t i f y the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ; p la n s the f u ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

operating

L o a d s e q u ip m e n t
paper, e tc.).

in stru ction s
with

to

requ ired

determ ine
item s

equip m en t

(tapes,

cards,

setu p
disks,

- S w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to s y s t e m .
- S ta rts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r .
-

R e s p o n d s to o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u t e r ou tp u t i n s t r u c t i o n s .

-

R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r refers p roblem s.

d u r in g o p e r a t i o n

- M a in ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d .
At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x ­
ten sive n u m b e r of in tern al p r o c e s s i n g actions m u st o c c u r .
This r e q u ire s
s u c h a c t i o n s as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h ca n be r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to
data w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fun ction al d ir e c tio n
are a s sig n e d to a s s i s t .

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

C l a s s B , W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la tiv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the data h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a f e w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r
c lo s e d ir e ctio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
May a ssist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .




M a y te s t-r u n new or m o d ifie d p r o g r a m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or program s.
Th e s c o p e o f this d e f i n i t i o n i n c l u d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n i t o r a n d o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .
C l a s s A . In ad d itio n t o w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t o n e
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
-

D e v ia t e s f r o m s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o a v o i d the l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t io n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n th o u g h th e p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r th e c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t i o n p l a n s .

- T e s t s n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a t i o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A dvises p r o g r a m m e r s
techn iques.

and

su b ject-m a tter

experts

on

setup

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n t a i n i n g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s and
t e c h n i q u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m s i t u a t i o n s ; a n d / o r (3) s w i t c h i n g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (su ch a s sista n c e r e q u ir e s a w orkin g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m l a n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a t o r at th is l e v e l

ty p ic a lly guides

low er

lev el op erators.

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N

C la s s B . In a d d itio n t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n r u n s , w o r k a s s i g n ­
m e n ts in c lu d e ru n s in v o lv in g n ew p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a t io n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , s itu a tio n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r ie t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t th is l e v e l , th e o p e r a t o r h as th e tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e to w o r k f a i r ly
in d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s ig n m e n t s . A s s ig n m e n ts m a y r e q u ir e
th e o p e r a t o r t o s e l e c t f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s ta n d a rd s etu p and o p e r a t in g
proced u res.
In r e s p o n d in g t o c o m p u t e r ou tpu t in s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d it io n s , a p p lie s
s ta n d a r d o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia t e f r o m s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s w hen s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v ia tio n
d o e s n o t m a t e r i a l l y a lt e r th e c o m p u t e r u n it's p r o d u c tio n p la n s . R e f e r s th e
p r o b l e m o r a b o r t s th e p r o g r a m w h en p r o c e d u r e s a p p lie d do n ot p r o v id e a
s o lu t io n . M a y g u id e l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

M a in ta in s l i b r a r y o f m e d ia (t a p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) u s e d
f o r a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g a p p lic a t io n s .
T h e fo llo w in g o r s im il a r d u tie s
c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r data l ib r a r ia n :
C la s s ify in g , c a t a lo g in g ,
a n d s t o r in g m e d ia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s t a n d a r d iz e d s y s t e m ; u pon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e le a s in g m e d ia f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u r n s ; in s p e c t in g r e t u r n e d m e d ia f o r d a m a g e o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m in e w h e th e r o r n ot th e y n e e d r e p la c in g .
M a y p e r f o r m m in o r r e p a ir s
to d a m a g e d ta p e s .

C la s s C . W o r k a s s ig n m e n t s a re lim it e d to e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
ru n s ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ic h p r e s e n t fe w o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s ) .
A s s ig n m e n ts
m a y c o n s i s t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g (s o m e t im e s a u g m e n te d b y
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . W h en le a r n in g to run p r o g r a m s , th e s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a ile d w r it te n o r o r a l g u id a n c e to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and d u r in g th e ru n . A ft e r th e o p e r a t o r h as g a in e d e x p e r ie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , th e o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r ly in d e p e n d e n tly in
a p p ly in g s ta n d a r d o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e . p r o c e d u r e s in r e s p o n d in g to
c o m p u t e r ou tp u t i n s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n d it io n s , but r e f e r s p r o b le m s to a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r th e s u p e r v i s o r w h en s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l.

DRAFTER
P e r f o r m s d r a ftin g w o r k r e q u ir in g k n o w le d g e and s k ill in d r a ftin g
m e t h o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , a nd te c h n iq u e s .
P r e p a r e s d r a w in g s o f s t r u c t u r e s ,
m e c h a n ic a l and e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t, p ip in g and d u ct s y s t e m s and o th e r
s i m i l a r e q u ip m e n t, s y s t e m s , and a s s e m b l i e s .
U s e s r e c o g n iz e d s y s t e m s o f
s y m b o l s , le g e n d s , s h a d in g s , and lin e s h a v in g s p e c i f i c m e a n in g s in d r a w in g s .
D r a w in g s a r e u s e d to c o m m u n ic a t e e n g in e e r in g id e a s , d e s ig n s , and i n f o r m a ­
tio n in s u p p o r t o f e n g in e e r in g fu n c t io n s .
T h e f o llo w in g a r e e x c lu d e d w h en th e y c o n s t it u t e th e p r im a r y p u r p o s e
o f th e jo b :
-

D e s ig n w o r k r e q u ir in g th e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e ,
t o c o n c e i v e o r o r ig in a t e d e s ig n s ;

-

I llu s t r a t in g w o r k r e q u ir in g a r t i s t i c a b ilit y ;

-

W o r k in v o lv in g t h e
p r e p a r a t io n
a r r a n g e m e n t s , f l o o r p la n s , e t c . ;

-

C a r t o g r a p h ic w o r k in v o lv in g th e p r e p a r a t io n o f m a p s o r p la ts
an d r e la t e d m a t e r i a l s , a n d d r a w in g s o f g e o l o g i c a l s t r u c t u r e s ; and

-

S u p e r v i s o r y w o r k in v o lv in g th e m a n a g e m e n t o f a d r a ftin g p r o g r a m
o r th e s u p e r v is io n o f d r a f t e r s .

P E R I P H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l e q u ip m e n t w h i c h
d ir e c t ly s u p p o r t s d ig ita l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n s . S u ch e q u ip m e n t is u n iq u ely and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p lic a t io n s , b u t n e e d not b e p h y s ic a lly o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
co n n e cte d to a c o m p u te r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d /p u n c h e s , ta p e
r e a d e r s , ta p e u n its o r d r i v e s , d is k u nits o r d r i v e s , and da ta d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p le s o f s u c h e q u ip m e n t.
T h e f o llo w in g d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a p e r ip h e r a l e q u ip m e n t
op era tor:
-

L o a d in g p r i n t e r s
and p lo t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; a d ju s tin g
c o n t r o l s f o r f o r m s , t h ic k n e s s , t e n s io n , p r in t in g d e n s it y , and
l o c a t i o n ; and u n lo a d in g h a r d c o p y .

-

L a b e llin g ta p e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e c k s .

-

C h e c k in g la b e ls and m o u n tin g and d is m o u n tin g
r e e l s o r d is k s on s p e c i f i e d u nits o r d r i v e s .

d e s ig n a te d ta p e

- S e ttin g c o n t r o l s w h ic h re g u la te o p e r a t io n o f th e e q u ip m e n t.
- O b s e r v in g p a n e l lig h ts f o r w a r n in g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r ia t e a c t io n .

and

error

in d ic a t io n s

- E x a m in in g t a p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r o t h e r d e f e c t s w h ic h c o u ld c a u s e p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

and

te a rs,

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1 ) w ho m o n it o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c o n s o l e ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m in a l, o r ( 2 ) w h o s e
d u tie s a r e l im it e d to o p e r a t in g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
e for FRASER
Digitized q u ip m e n t.



P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

of

on

ch a rts,

the b a s is

s k ill, and a b ilit y

d ia g r a m s ,

of

the

room

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k s c l o s e l y w ith d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r s , p r e p a r in g d r a w in g s
o f unusual^ c o m p le x o r o r i g i n a l d e s ig n s w h ic h r e q u ir e a h igh d e g r e e o f
p r e c is io n .
P e r f o r m s u n u s u a lly d if f ic u l t a s s ig n m e n t s r e q u ir in g c o n s i d e r a b le
in it ia t iv e , r e s o u r c e f u l n e s s , an d d r a ftin g e x p e r t is e .
A s s u r e s that a n t ic ip a t e d
p r o b le m s in m a n u fa c t u r e , a s s e m b l y , in s t a lla t io n , and o p e r a t io n a r e r e s o l v e d
b y th e d r a w in g s p r o d u c e d .
E x e r c i s e s in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g and
in t e r p r e t in g data b a s e d on a k n o w le d g e o f th e d e s ig n in ten t.
A lth o u g h w o rk in g
p r i m a r i l y a s a d r a f t e r , m a y o c c a s i o n a l l y p e r f o r m e n g in e e r in g d e s ig n w o r k
in in t e r p r e t in g g e n e r a l d e s ig n s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s o r in c o m p le t in g m is s in g
d e s ig n d e t a ils .
M a y p r o v id e a d v i c e an d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s o r
s e r v e a s c o o r d in a t o r an d p la n n e r f o r l a r g e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g p r o je c t s .
C la s s B .
P r e p a r e s c o m p le t e s e ts o f c o m p le x d r a w in g s w h ich
in c lu d e m u lt ip le v i e w s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , and a s s e m b ly d r a w in g s .
D ra w in g s
in c lu d e c o m p le x d e s ig n fe a t u r e s th a t r e q u ir e c o n s i d e r a b le d ra ftin g s k ill to
v is u a l i z e an d p o r t r a y . A s s ig n m e n t s r e g u la r ly r e q u ir e th e u s e o f m a t h e m a tic a l
f o r m u la s t o c o m p u te w e ig h t s , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , d im e n s io n s , q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls , e tc.
W o r k in g f r o m s k e t c h e s and v e r b a l in fo r m a t io n s u p p lie d b y
an e n g in e e r o r d e s i g n e r , d e t e r m in e s th e m o s t a p p r o p r ia t e v ie w s , d e t a il
d r a w in g s , and s u p p le m e n t a r y in fo r m a t io n n e e d e d to c o m p le t e a s s ig n m e n t s .
S e le c t s r e q u ir e d i n fo r m a t io n f r o m p r e c e d e n t s , m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' c a t a lo g s , and
t e c h n ic a l g u id e s .
In d e p e n d e n tly r e s o l v e s m o s t o f th e p r o b le m s e n c o u n te r e d .
S u p e r v i s o r o r d e s ig n e r m a y s u g g e s t m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h o r p r o v id e a d v ic e
on u n u s u a lly d if f ic u l t p r o b l e m s .

D R A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

NOTE:
E x c lu d e d r a f t e r s p e r fo r m in g w o r k o f s i m i l a r d if f ic u lt y to
that d e s c r i b e d at th is l e v e l but w h o p r o v id e s u p p o r t f o r a v a r ie t y o f o r g a n i ­
z a t io n s w h ich h a v e w id e ly d if f e r in g fu n c tio n s o r r e q u ir e m e n t s .

fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f
th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m in g su ch ta s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; and r e g u l a r l y u sin g c o m p le x te x t i n ­
s tr u m e n ts ( e .g ., du al t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s ,
Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s v a r io u s d r a w in g s o f p a r t s and a s s e m b l i e s ,
in clu d in g s e c t i o n a l p r o f i l e s , i r r e g u l a r o r r e v e r s e c u r v e s , h id d e n l i n e s , and
s m a ll o r in t r ic a t e d e t a ils .
W o r k r e q u ir e s u s e o f m o s t o f th e c o n v e n t io n a l
d r a ftin g te c h n iq u e s and a w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e t e r m s a nd p r o c e d u r e s o f
th e in d u s tr y .
F a m ilia r o r r e c u r r i n g w o r k is a s s ig n e d in g e n e r a l t e r m s ;
u n fa m ilia r a s s ig n m e n t s in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n on m e t h o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , s o u r c e s
o f in fo r m a t io n , and p r e c e d e n t s to b e f o llo w e d .
S im p le r e v i s i o n s to e x is t in g
d r a w in g s m a y b e a s s i g n e d w ith a v e r b a l e x p la n a tio n o f th e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s ;
m o r e c o m p le x r e v i s i o n s a r e p r o d u c e d f r o m s k e t c h e s w h ic h c l e a r l y
d e p ic t
th e d e s i r e d p r o d u c t.
C la s s D.
P r e p a r e s d r a w in g s o f s im p le , e a s i l y v is u a l iz e d p a r t s o r
e q u ip m e n t f r o m s k e t c h e s o r m a r k e d -u p p r in t s . S e le c t s a p p r o p r ia t e te m p la t e s
a nd o th e r e q u ip m e n t n e e d e d to c o m p le t e a s s ig n m e n t s .
D r a w in g s fit f a m ilia r
p a tte rn s and p r e s e n t fe w t e c h n ic a l p r o b l e m s .
S u p e r v i s o r p r o v id e s d e t a ile d
in s t r u c t io n s o n n ew a s s i g n m e n t s , g iv e s g u id a n c e w h en q u e s t io n s a r i s e , and
r e v ie w s c o m p le t e d w o r k f o r a c c u r a c y .
C la s s E .
W o rk in g u n d e r c l o s e
s u p e r v is io n ,
t r a c e s o r c o p ie s
fin is h e d d r a w in g s , m a k in g c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d r e v i s i o n s .
U s e s a p p r o p r ia t e
te m p la t e s t o d r a w c u r v e d lin e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
in c r e a s in g s k ill in v a r io u s d r a ftin g t e c h n iq u e s . W o r k is s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g
p r o g r e s s an d r e v ie w e d u p on c o m p le t io n .
NOTE:
E x c lu d e d r a f t e r s
p e r f o r m in g e le m e n t a r y
r e c e iv in g tr a in in g in th e m o s t b a s i c d r a ftin g m e t h o d s .

ta s k s

w h ile

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e , o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .
T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f the s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m it t in g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ) , (b ) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u ch s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y
r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

on

the b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p ic a lly ca n n ot b e s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and




W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly a n e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

C la s s B.
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and te s tin g in s t r u m e n ts , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x th a t t h o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

C la s s C. A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in ­
s t r u c t io n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s s u ch
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m in g s u c h a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , a nd ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s an d c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n ot r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r c a n a d v a n c e
t o h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n . W o r k is t y p ic a lly s p o t - c h e c k e d , b u t is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE
A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T ---- C o n tin u e d

h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v it ie s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e th an
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd
s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a nd e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ;
a nd fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g a nd e x p e r ie n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m e n t s u ch as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d i ­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a nd s e l e c t i n g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a nd e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in ­
s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g a nd d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to le a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls
a n d m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g an d in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; an d a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a in c r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is
c la s s ific a t io n d o e s
n ot i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
a nd i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w ho

r e p a ir

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
In s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , an d s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g a nd r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h eatin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h i n i s t ’ s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d




m e c h a n ic s

33

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )— C o n tin u e d

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
eq u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fitt in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w o r k o f a m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) a t th e s k ill l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

m il l w r ig h t

I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g , ou t w o r k ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip m e n t;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r iv e s and
speed re d u ce rs .
In g e n e r a l, the m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r fo r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a ch in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b le s , and o t h e r c o n t r o ls to h an d le th e s iz e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, the




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t.
in c lu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o ls
a nd d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c tic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o ( 1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s on e o r m o r e s y s t e m s w h ic h p r o v id e an
e s ta b lis h m e n t w ith s u ch s e r v i c e s a s h e a t, a i r - c o n d it io n in g ( c o o l , h u m id ify ,
d e h u m id ify , f i l t e r , and c ir c u la t e a i r ) , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , s t e a m o r h i g h - t e m p e r a ­
tu r e w a t e r , o r e l e c t r i c i t y .
D u tie s in v o lv e :
O b s e r v in g an d in t e r p r e t in g
r e a d in g s on g a u g e s , m e t e r s , and c h a r t s w h ic h r e g i s t e r v a r io u s a s p e c t s o f
th e s y s t e m 's o p e r a t io n ; a d ju s tin g c o n t r o l s to in s u r e s a fe an d e f f i c i e n t o p e r a ­
tio n o f th e s y s te m and to m e e t d e m a n d s f o r th e s e r v i c e p r o v id e d ; r e c o r d in g
in lo g s v a r io u s a s p e c t s o f the s y s t e m 's o p e r a t io n ; k e e p in g th e e n g in e s ,
m a c h in e r y , and e q u ip m e n t o f the s y s t e m in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
M ay d ir e c t
a nd c o o r d in a t e a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s (n o t s t a t io n a r y e n g in e e r s ) in p e r ­
fo r m in g ta s k s d i r e c t l y r e la t e d to o p e r a t in g a nd m a in ta in in g th e s y s t e m o r
sy ste m s.
T h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s h e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r ; w o r k e r s r e q u ir e d t o b e s k ille d in the
r e p a ir o f e le c t r o n ic c o n t r o l e q u ip m e n t; an d w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o ­
d u cin g e l e c t r i c i t y , s te a m , o r h e a te d o r c o o l e d a ir p r i m a r i l y f o r s a le .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
T e n d s on e o r m o r e b o i l e r s to p r o d u c e s t e a m o r h ig h - t e m p e r a t u r e
w a te r f o r u s e in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
F ir e s b o ile r .
O b s e r v e s and in t e r p r e t s
r e a d in g s on g a u g e s , m e t e r s , and c h a r t s w h ich r e g i s t e r v a r io u s a s p e c t s o f
b o i l e r o p e r a tio n .
A d ju s ts c o n t r o ls to in s u r e s a fe an d e f f ic i e n t b o i l e r o p e r a ­
t io n and to m e e t d e m a n d s f o r s t e a m o r h ig h - t e m p e r a t u r e w a te r .
M a y a ls o

B O I L E R T E N D E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C o n tin u e d

d o o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
M a in ta in a lo g in w h ich v a r io u s a s p e c t s
o f b o i l e r o p e r a t io n a r e r e c o r d e d ; c le a n , o i l , m a k e m in o r r e p a i r s o r a s s i s t
in r e p a i r s t o b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t; and , fo llo w in g p r e s c r i b e d m e t h o d s ,
t r e a t b o i l e r w a t e r w ith c h e m i c a l s and a n a ly z e b o i l e r w a te r f o r s u c h th in g s
a s a c i d i t y , c a u s t i c i t y , a n d a lk a lin ity .

r e c e i p t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; in s u r in g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n t ifie d f o r ro u tin g t o d e p a r tm e n ts w ith in the
e s t a b lis h m e n t ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e iv e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

T h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o d u c tin g
e l e c t r i c i t y , s t e a m , o r h e a t e d o r c o o l e d a ir p r i m a r i l y f o r s a le .

S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r a nd r e c e i v e r

Material Movement and Custodial

W AREHOU SEM AN
T R U C K D R IV E R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
a n u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a le an d r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k
w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e an d o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s
r a t e d c a p a c it y o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e and

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv i n g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r a nd S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
( s t r a ig h t t r u c k , u n d e r IV 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m t r u c k
( s t r a ig h t t r u c k , IV 2 t o 4 ton s in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tru ck
( s t r a ig h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c to r -tr a ile r

O R D E R F IL L E R

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

S H IP P E R AN D R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l a n d p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c t io n w ith sh ip p in g
g o o d s o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d and r e c e i v i n g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n t s .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , r o u tin e ta s k s , f o llo w s e s t a b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s .
In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n ro u tin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
a n ce fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th er o ffic ia ls .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o r d in a t e th e
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t
u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its t o b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; a nd a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g da ta on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th at o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r in g it e m s a nd q u a n titie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in s t d o c u m e n t s ; in s u rin g th a t s h ip m e n ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t i fie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a t io n , and lo a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r t in g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r in g a n d k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la d in g .
R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and
q u a n tit ie s u n lo a d e d a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n if e s t s , s t o r a g e




35

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GU A R D — C on tin u ed

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r th an f o r k lif t )

v ic e s

G u a rd s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h p r o v id e p r o t e c t i v e
on a c o n tr a c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in t h is o c c u p a t io n .

ser­

F o r w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , g u a r d s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A . E n fo r c e s r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s e n c o u n t e r e d .
D e t e r m in e s w h e t h e r f i r s t
r e s p o n s e s h ou ld b e to in te r v e n e d i r e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h en d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k e e p s itu a tio n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r t o r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n s o that it ca n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r ia t e a u t h o r ity .
D u tie s
r e q u ir e s p e c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m e th o d s and t e c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t in g s e c u r it y
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a t e co n tin u in g p h y s ic a l
f it n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C la s s B . C a r r ie s out in s t r u c t io n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n t e d t o w a r d in ­
s u r in g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia t e a u th o r ity . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in s itu a tio n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u tie s r e q u ir e
m in im a l tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is n o t r e q u ir e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s ic a l f it n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , b u t g e n e r a lly is n o t r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in th e u se o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u tie s in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t , m a k in g ro u n d s on
fo o t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y b e d e p u t iz e d
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s t io n s and g iv in g d i r e c t i o n s .




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g ,
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u lle t in s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh o w n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e r in te n d e n t o f
D o cu m e n ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 th r o u g h 1 9 7 7 , is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
A lb a n y ^ -S c h e n e c ta d y ^ -T r o y , N. Y ., S ep t. 1978 1________________
A n a h e im — a n ta A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e ,
S
C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________________________
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 9 ___________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 1______________________________________
B u ff a lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1 9 7 8 1________________________________________
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a ., S e p t. 19 7 9 ____________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 9 ___________________________________________
C in c in n a t i, O h io —K y .—I n d ., J u ly 1979 1 _______________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x ., J u ly 1979 1 _______________________________
D a l l a s — o r t W o r t h , T e x ., O c t . 1 9 7 8 1__________________________
F
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iow a —111., F e b . 1979_______
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 8 _________________________________________
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1979 1 ______________________________
D e n v e i ^ B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h .,
M a r . 1979 1 ____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif.,
J u n e 1 9 7 9 ____________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________
G a r y —H a m m o n d —E a s t C h i c a g o , In d ., O ct. 1979 1_____________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 9 ______________ -______________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m r -H ig h P o in t ,
N .C ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S .C ., J u n e 1979 1 ___________________
S
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 9 _____________________________________
H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 9 ________________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 9 ______________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1979 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S e p t. 1 9 7 8 ----------------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1978 1 ________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1 9 7 8 _________________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .—M i s s . , N o v . 19 7 8 _____________________




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
2 0 2 5 -6 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 8 ,

$ 1.0 0
$ 1 .2 0

2 0 2 5 -6 5 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -5 0 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -3 8 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -1 5 , 80 c e n t s
2 0 2 5 -4 3 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 - 7 1 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -2 2 , 70 c e n t s
2 0 5 0 - 3 9 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 - 2 1 , $ 1 .7 5
2 0 5 0 - 2 8 , $ 2 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -4 9 , $ 1 .3 0
2 0 2 5 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -3 3 , $ 1 .7 5
2 0 2 5 -5 2 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -1 0 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 2 5 -6 6 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 5 0 - 4 1 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -6 8 , $ 1 .2 0
2 0 5 0 - 7 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 - 2 5 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 - 4 5 , $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2 0 5 0 - 3 1 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -4 6 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 9 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 2 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 5 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 7 ,
2 0 5 0 -9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 2 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1.0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .00

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1978 1
__________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1979________________
N a s s a u —S u ffo lk , N. Y . , June 1979_______________________________
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19 7 9 _________________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1979 1_________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J . , M a y 1979________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1979 1 ________________________________________________
N o r f o lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N ew s—H a m p to n , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1 9 7 8 -------------------N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1979 1 -------------------------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1979______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 8 _________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lift o n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1979__________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1978 _____________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1 ____________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1978 1 ___________________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1 9 7 9 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , June 1 9 7 9 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N. Y . , June 1979________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I .—
M a s s ., Jun e 1979 1 _____________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1979_______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1979 1 ________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f ., D e c . 1978 _________________________________
S a g in a w , M ic h ., N ov. 1978 ______________________________________
S a lt L a k e C it y -O g d e n , U tah, N ov. 1978 1 _____________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 9 ____________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., N ov . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o - O a k la n d , C a l i f ., M a r . 1979____________________
San J o s e , C a l i f ., M a r . 19 7 9 _____________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________
S ou th B en d , In d., A u g . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
T o le d o , O h i o - M ic h ., M a y 19 7 9 __________________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1979________________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 8 ___________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 19 7 9_______________________
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 19 7 9_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1 9 7 9 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 9 _____________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
2 0 2 5 -6 0 ,
2 0 5 0 -8 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 6 ,
2 0 5 0 -5 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 0 ,

$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .7 5

2 0 5 0 -2 2 ,

$ 1 .7 5

2 0 2 5 -2 1 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 2 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 6 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 0 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 7 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 5 ,

80 ce n ts
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .5 0

2 0 5 0 -3 8 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 2 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 3 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 6 ,
2 0 5 0 -4 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 4 ,
2 0 5 0 -4 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 8 ,
2 0 5 0 -2 3 ,
2 0 5 0 -6 ,

$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

, Region II

R e g io n

lit

Region IV

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Alabama
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Illinois
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Arkansas
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Regions IX and X
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IX
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Arizona
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