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L-

X.

/ 5 75-/3

The Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
September 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-13




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New England
John Fc K enn edy F e d e r a l Bu il d in g
Governm ent Center
R o o m 1 60 3 - B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203
T e l. : 223-6762




Mid-Atlantic
34 1 Ninth A v e .
New Y o r k , N. Y. 10001
T e l . : 971-5405

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e St. , NE .
Atl ant a, G a . 30309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South D e a r b o r n St,
C h i c a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 53 -7 23 0

Pacific
450 G o ld e n G a t e A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a li f . 94102
T e l.: 556-4678

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
Third F loor
911 Walnut St.
K a n s a s C i t y, M o . 6 41 06
T e l . : 3 74 -2 48 1

Area Wage Survey
The Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area




September 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-13
D e c e m b e r 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n f o r e a ch
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b les:
1.

A.

E ig h ty -six areas
c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
program .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n ­
i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .




* NOTE:

S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

2.

A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s stu died in to one b u lletin .
The secon d part p r e se n ts
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a nd the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
B o s t o n , M a s s . , in S e p t e m b e r 1967. T h e S ta n da rd M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 967, c o n s i s t s o f S u ff o lk C o u n t y ,
15 c o m m u n i t i e s in E s s e x C o u n t y , 30 in M i d d l e s e x C o u n t y ,
20 in N o r f o l k C o u n t y , a nd 9 in P l y m o u t h C o u nty.
T h is
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in
Boston ,
M a s s ., W e n d e ll D. M acdonald, D i r e c t o r .
The
s t u d y w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u l k e r n ,
A s s is ta n t R egion a l D ir e c t o r of O perations.

1
4

B.

12
13
15

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M in im u m en tran ce s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffice
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B -7.
P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

17
18
19
20
21
24
25

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

other a r e a s .

(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the B o s t o n a r e a
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r h o s p i t a l s ( J u l y 1 9 66), l i f e i n s u r a n c e ( O c t o b e r 1966), and m e n ' s a nd b o y s ' s u it s
a n d c o a t s ( A p r i l 1967); and on e a r n i n g s o n l y f o r s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e and l a u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g
o c c u p a t i o n s ( S e p t e m b e r 1967).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s ,
and a l l i e d o c c u p a tio n s .

m

4

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd
w o m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A ppendix.

available fo r

3

6
11

26




Area Wage Survey
The Boston, Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con d u cts s u rv e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l earnings
a nd r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d
serv ices.
M a j o r in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a nd e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
Sep arate tabu lation s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tion c r it e r ia .

a l l o w a n c e s a nd i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s ti­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a nd e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a nd j o b
s t a f f i n g a nd , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in divid ual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S im ila rly, d iffe re n ce s
in a v e r a g e p a y
l e v e l s f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in a n y o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a nd w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a nd d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a sam ple b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d .
In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e given th eir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccu pations

and E a rn in g s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and not the n u m b e r
actu ally su rv e ye d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (Z) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as t h e y
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a re e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a nd a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a nd t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs"
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a nd e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a nd the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s i n m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a nd (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch edu led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s i o n
p l a n s ; and p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s of in divid ual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nd ing.
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a r e in clu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y fa ll on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and the w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The first
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s ta b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e a nd h a l f
h olidays a ctu a lly granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e a nd h a l f
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to a
statistical m e a su re of vacation p r o v is io n s .
It is n ot i n t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and
th ose w h ich o ffe r " e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b ey on d b a s ic
p la n s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the follow ing
conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




D a ta o n h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S uch plans in clude th ose u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r i c a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n f u n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a f u n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
An e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h ave a plan
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w e r e e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d the c o s t o f the p la n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o th at t y p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a re m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e
w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
full p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e ca u s e of illn e s s.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
^1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e iu i i p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s
w h ich p r o v id e either pa rtia l pay or a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n to
the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

C a ta stroph e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of. h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s or they m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r o u t o f a f u n d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e l i m i t e d to th o s e plan s
that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
D a ta on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 7 ) , the h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m p a y is r e c e i v e d a n d the c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d b y d a i l y and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a d a y r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b e r o f h o u r s w o r k e d o n o t h e r d a y s o f the p a y p e r i o d . W e e k l y
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f the d a y o n w h i c h it i s p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
of hours per day, or num ber o f days w o r k e d .

The temporary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
An establishm ent was considered as havin g a fo rm al p lan if it estab lish ed at le a st the
m inim um number of days of sick leave a v a ila b le to each em p loy ee.
Such a p lan n eed not be
w ritten, but inform al sick leave allow an ces, determ in ed on an in dividual b asis, were exclu d ed.

3

T a b le

1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s and W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in B o s t o n ,

M a s s ., 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1967
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ____________ ______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________ __________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 __ ____ ______________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 7
. ....

.

100
-

100
50
100
50
50

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

1, 516

309

4 8 4 ,3 0 0

100

2 7 8 ,6 0 0

9 8 ,8 0 0

2 8 0 , 5 90

4 79
1 ,0 3 7

92
217

2 2 1 , 900
2 6 2 ,4 0 0

46
54

1 4 8 ,8 0 0
1 2 9 ,8 0 0

2 9 ,8 0 0
6 9 ,0 0 0

121, 5 50
1 5 9 ,0 4 0

65
277
166
2 04
325

27
51
41
42
56

4 1 , 300
3 2 ,2 0 0
7 4 , 100
5 7 , 000
5 7 , 800

8
7
15
12
12

2 3 , 000
1 5 ,3 0 0
5 7 ,5 0 0
6 1, 700
3 2 ,3 0 0

7, 500
8 , 0 00
8, 700
3 6 ,4 0 0
8, 400

34, 750
10, 970
4 8 , 820
38, 080
2 6 ,4 2 0

1 T h e B o s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s o f S u ffo lk C o u n t y , 15 C o m m u n i t ie s in E s s e x C o u n ty , 30 in
M i d d l e s e x C o u n t y , 20 in N o r f o l k C o u n t y , an d 9 in P ly m o u t h C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e
and
c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f the S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
B o s t o n 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m is m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d an d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the stu d y .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m the e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
i n d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the B o s t o n a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo l lo w i n g t a b le p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ____________ 24
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______ 14
M a c h in e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 9
F o o d p r o d u c t s _____________________
8
I n s t r u m e n t s , p h o t o g r a p h ic and
o p t i c a l g o o d s , w a t c h e s and
c l o c k s _____________________________
7
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g __________
7
R u b b e r an d m i s c e l l a n e o u s
p l a s t i c s _______
6

C o m m u n i c a t io n e q u ip m e n t ______ 10
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ________________ 8
E le c tr o n ic com p o n e n ts
a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ________________
6
F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) _______
4
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g
a n d r e p a i r i n g ____ _____
4

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a nd i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u ly I 9 6 0 a nd J un e 1 9 6 1).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
da te o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese estim a tes are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em p loym en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) ea rn in gs fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
for

2 con secu tive y e a rs w e r e

related

by

div idin g

th e

aggregate for

th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a nd c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ’ s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in gs
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

M ethod o f C om pu tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and women):
B ookkeeping-m achine operators,
class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women)—
Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
T ab u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T y pists, classes A and B

U nskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m a teria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard W eekly S alarie s and S traigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elec ted O ccupational Groups in Boston, M ass. ,
Septem ber 1967 and October 1966, and Percents of Increase for S elec ted Periods
Indexes
(O ctober 1960=100)

Industry and occu pation al group

Percents of increase
O ctober 1966
to
Septem ber 1967

Septem ber 1967

O ctober 1966

A ll industries:
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (m en and women) - - —
S k illed m aintenance (m en)---------------U nskilled plant (m e n )----------------------

129. 2
141. 5
126. 7
1 2 1 .5

1 2 2 .4
125. 6
121. 5
1 1 6 .0

5 .5
1 2 .7
4. 3
4 .7

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women) — ---Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )----S k illed m aintenance (m en)---------------U nskilled plan t ( m e n ) ----------------------

126. 6
139. 2
1 2 4.9
1 2 1 .6

121. 7
1 2 6 .7
119. 5
1 1 6 .4

4. 1
9 .9
4 .5
4 .5




S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
C arpe nters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die m akers

October 1965
to
October 1966

O ctober 1964
to
O ctober 1965

October 1963
to
October 1964

October 1962
to
October 1963

O ctober 1961
to
O ctober 1962

O ctober 1960
to
O ctober 1961

O ctober 1959
to
O ctober 1960

3 .8
3. 3
4. 5
4. 6

4 .8
4 .9
4. 1
.3

2 .8
4. 1
2 .4
1 .2

2 .9
2 .6
3. 1
2. 8

2. 5
3. 8
3. 5
3 .4

3 .9
4. 5
2. 2
2 .8

4 .9
4. 1
4 .7
4 .6

3.
3.
4.
6.

3. 2
4. 4
3 .7
1. 6

3 .8
5. 6
2 .2
2 .6

2 .9
2. 1
3. 1
2 .4

3. 1
4 .4
3. 5
2 .2

3. 3
4 .0
1. 1
.7

4 .0
4. 1
4 .8
4 .6

6
7
6
0

5

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of ea rn in gs fo r ov e rtim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a nd i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s

C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w i t h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g esta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

of D ata

T h e i n d e x e s a nd p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of change r e f l e c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , da ta w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f----

$

Average
weekly

(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

)

S
50

55

£

%

60

65

S

$
70

75

S

$
80

85

$

%

90

95

$
100

$
105

1

t

no

115

$
120

1A0

S

£

S

$
130

150

160

%

170

and
un d er

55

180
and

60

65

70

-

-

-

-

75

80

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

11
11
A

115

120

130

140

150

160

65
20
45
25
2
11

45
22
23
5
3
10

167
46
121
23
10
30

64
17
47
3
1
2

27
20
7
1

10
1
9

3
1

A
A
A

-

15
15
2
12

51
18
33
30

47
15
32
32

14
12

2

A

10
1
9
3

12
1
11
10

26
12
14
13

31
16
15
9

16
7
9
1

14
11
3
2

1

.

3
2
2

-

85

90

95

100

105

6
1
5
A

3
1
7

39
9
30
-

6
1

8
20

82
51
31
12
3
15

32
12
20

-

AA
12
32
12
A
15

90
87
74
6

23
23
20
1

28
2A
16
5

14
14
8
3

39
36
18
12

87
16
71
71

54
6
48
48

63
17
51
50

3

3

no

170

180 over

MEN
$
117.50
115.50
119.00
113.50
106.00
108.50

$
$
103.00-128.00
103.00-123.50
103.50-127.50
103.50-122.50
92.00-121.00
97.00-121.00

89.50
92.00
89.50
91.50
89.50
91.00
98.50 102.50

86.00-103.00
85.50-102.50
86.50- 98.00
85.00-110.00

1 1A.50
118.50
112.50
112.50

39.0 10A.50 106.50
39.0 III.00 108.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

596
219
377
81
53
111

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
37.0
37.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

267
255
157
52

38.0
38.0
38.0
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

590
1A 7
44 3
A3 7

39.0
38.0
39.5
39.5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

77
53

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I NA NC E3------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

753
188
565
Al
70
287
129

38.0
39.0
3 7.5
38.5
38.5
37.0
38.0

70.50
71.00
70.50
72.50
70.00
71.00
69.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------

15A
79
75
57

38.5
A0.0
37.0
37.0

117.50
12 A. 50
110.50
107.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------

192
78
11A
62

38.0 98.00
96.00
39.5 102.50 101.50
37.0
95.00
92.50
37.0
89.00
88.00

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

116.00
117.00
115.50
112.00
105.50
107.50

117.50
117.50
117.50
117.50

70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
73.00
70.00
68.50

-

-

-

“
_

-

1

“

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

11
12

101.50-131.50
107.50-130.00
100.50-132.50
100.50-132.50

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

_

1
1

35
34

-

6
5
1
1

95.00-126.00
98.50-131.00

_

6

A
1

1
1

4

2
1

2
1

13
12

65.5066.0065.0067.5063.5065.0063.50-

-

205
59
1 A6
21
2
75
33

160
35
125
8
22
56
22

8A
21
63
3
20
27
12

84

32
5
27
2

12
2
10
1

25

-

1
1

1
1

2A
24
20

12
1
11
7

A0
2A
16
10

17
6
11
6

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6A
32
32
32

92
28
64
63

39
3
36
36

16
3
13
13

A
2
2
2

5
1
A
A

8
6

10
10

4
A

_

33
28
5
A

18
16
2
2

9
6
3
3

A
A
“

6
6
“

8
A
A

3
2
1
-

2
1
1
“

8

.

3
5
“

-

2
1

.

2
2

.

_

-

-

A
A
A

-

-

-

9

l
-

10
6

6
6
-

-

3
1
2
1

76.50
78.00
76.50
77.50
77.50
78.00
75.00

115.50 105.50-122.50
119.50 116.00-135.00
98.5 0- 11A . 00
106.50
107.00
98.00-113.50

-

-

-

-

-

”

75
-

75
-

13
53
7

-

98
36
62
1
7
17
36

_

_

-

-

“

-

l
1
-

~

“

2
2
2

13
1
12
12

26

_

_

-

“

_

85.50
8A. 50
92.50

83.50
81.00
93.00

75.50- 9A.50
7A . 50- 9A.0O
7 7. 50 -10A .00

“
_

_

l

-

20
-

20
20

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
2
A
~

3
2
1
“

_

-

.
“

.5

-

“

-

-

19

_

_

38.5
38.5
39.0

4

25

-

-

296
26A
130

55

_

_
-

7A.50- 86.50
7A.00- 85.50

29

-

88.00-106.00
93.50-111.00
83.00-133.50
80.53- 97.50

79.00
79.00

1

_

~

81.50
80. 50

24
24

-

~

38.0
37.5

-

_
“

97
89

12
12

-

-

2

24
13

1
1

27
27

25
22

17

27
27
A

35
35
10

5A
5A
22

35

15

1

13
11

7
7

2
2

25
12
A

AA
3A
21

22
20
19

_

-

-

_

“

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----WHOLESALE TRADE ----

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




8

-

3
8

33
4

14

9
8

2A
2A
24

-

-

-

7
Table A -l.

O ffice O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n — Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Num ber
3

Sex,

occu p a tion ,

Number
of
workers

and in d u stry d iv isio n

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
50

Me an2

Median 2

%

$
55

60

S

$
65

70

75

$

i
80

85

$
90

95

stra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs

of—

$

o f V,w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g

$

*

$
100

t
105

$
110

s
115

120

$
130

%
140

$
150

%
160

%
170

and

Middle range 2

180
and

under

WOMEN
BILLERS,

-

MACHINE

(BOOKKEEPING

85

90

26

10

16

16

26

46

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

26
26

28
16

134
39
95

15

100

20

-

95

105

110

10

4
2

50

37

35

11

13

-

115

120 .

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

3

*

7 4 .0 0
• u

6 5 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 -

9 6 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0

9 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -

0 7 * AA

34
12

35

7 3 .0 0 -

8 3 .5 0

12
-

f.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

207
86

3 6 .5
3 7 .5

3 Q* A

9 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

— —— ———— —————

C L E R K S , ACCO U N TIN G , CLASS
u Al i r a r I i K i ip
r i a miiUc A L t iU n r fm b
AlOMUA UIIC A r m K u r
NU nmA PlUr AU 1 Un ti i'll? —
WHOL ESALE TR ADE
O C 1 A I L TO AOC
o C TATI
1 KALIC
C T MA M c 3
r*
r i liAIMUt
CC K V
b t D U t IrIrcrj

A

------------------—

--------------------------------------

8 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

192

3 7 .0

7 8 .0 0

7 8 .0 0

1 ,5 2 8

3 8 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0

l n?

l nx*

^

1, 128
91

3

*

3 9 .0

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

F I N A N C E 3 ---------- ----------------------------------------- -------c Ll V T r c c
wc p 'v / 1 U uO _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

585

3 6 .5

195

3 8 .0

ri C O A /C
/■ L ACC A
“
U L b K K d t C lT 1 b f
r L c
U 1 A u j A ————————
—————
a * aii i c a u t i in i r u
j
H Air Ur A r l U K t lKir- ——————— ——————————
u nA iU AA iii r A r n i A T Air —————————— ————
. .
INUINnAliUrAU 1 U K I IMb
--------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 3 ------------------------------------------------------------

70

1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

aa

1 0 1 .0 0

62
22
40
14

59
13

6
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
146

_

9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -

-

-

-

( . UJ

8 9 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

12

21

13

39

55

37

_

19

27

57

132

1

9 1 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

-

-

123
6

-

24

117

8 0 .5 0
8 1 . 50

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

7 4 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

-

2

oa.

* AA

an

1
1

38
61

17

13
201

Q1
5

144
Q7

18
20

1
1

2

564

433

349

2 69

19

12

264
_
30

326

1

32
273

136

130

130

56

428

303

219

213

14
2 54

12

153

166

109

56

35

22

1

c
200

9

ftn

d3
7A

7 2 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 -

9 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

~71* UU
f t nn
7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

70

66 50
6 6 .5 0 -

75

3 7 .0
3 8 .0

7 4 .0 0

50

6 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 -

-

-

-

"

-

9

10

20

132
29
103

355
115
240

50

8 0 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

-

20

-

8 0 .5 0

30
25
313
28
285
29

-

23

88

76

8

4
18

6
18

30

101

ft

189

3 7 .5

L* i fo

70* A

*

7 3 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0

6 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

7 4 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

71

AA * ft A

62* 50 -

AQ

13
351

10
20

11

-

15

5

AA

29
121

Aft

1

20

7

22

32
10

7Q*n

ft a * n n

ft A * ft A

7ft* ftn”

263

3 9 .0

--------------------------------------

202

3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

1_

Q 7 * AA
-

4

”

”

15
12

-

-

36

22

3
33

18

12

2

3
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

3

2
5

r*

4

2
3

1

12
12
-

4

Z

-

2

-

-

~

-

-

-

1
13

1
13

“

13

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

3

5

1

-

3
d

1
25

L1

A

13

10

f
t

^ n ft

-----------------------------------------

2

**

70
13
57

c
2

170
15

7 6 .0 0

6 7 .0 0

118

-

l

11

1

1 ,2 7 0
131

-

3

10

*

a

29

-

18

2
22
-

17

A
10
a

1

24

13

45
155

19
53

_

107

ao
2

_

1
-

63
21

142

60

5

473
74
399

305

1
1

32

l u ,u u

7 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

852




28
83
25

ft

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------unU uj A c
n u n iL c c » iL C TO « n c
1 KAUC
C T A I A A ir c 3 ~
r i NANLfc
————
e CKV l te
O c o u fl r /c O

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .

_

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 7 .0
37 5
3 9 .5

ri cn i f
n KL/CK
t L C K A/ u f U D n c n ———— —— —— ——— — — —
U A k l C A r 1 I Ki lNU
n A l rlUl r A t T lU D T k i r ——————— ———————
—
—

9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 1 a q * ca

84

d

1, 103
251

r i c r »i/e
c r ir
i ac c r
.. ...
LLcKISby r l L t f
tL A oo U
u a h i i r a r t i m i Mr
PlANUr A t 1 UK 1 iMU
—
— w
u JlinAl i i
i M Irb ———————————————
...............
I rn k r u i M liUrr ArtT1iUn r u p
u u nU Lct e A L r -rn A r\c ——— ——————— ——
Mn i
o n c I K a Ut
c t a ia u r e 3
r 1 IMAINLC — — — ——— .... ————
—
—

35
1

8 0 .5 0 -

1 U U .D U

ft

r cn i/
r A o o o —— ——————— ——
o
LiL b K I vfb t c l11 t f
r L c
L iL AC c
MANIllPAP TUBNlf iw — ————— ——————————
—
plAnlUrAU 1 U i 1 MC
——— —————

TRADE

2

•u

8 3 .5 0

30 * 3
3 , 148
651
2 ,4 9 7

NON MAN UF ACTU RIN G

aa

1 0 3 .5 0

r« c n ^ e
ArrfM uiTTkir
n apc o
L L C K A j f AwLUUfMI In|v7« U U A j u D
—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------i-ii m i c r ai r
f f n U U t o AL C t o\ A Ur
1l An t
OCTATI
K b 1 A I L T n A n c ——————————————— —
|KAUt

TRADE

8 5 .5 0

OPERATORS,

8 0 .0 0
——

$

$

OPERATORS,

7

TR A DE

B OOKKEEPING-M ACH INE

WHOL ESALE

80

7 5 .0 0
ou. u

3 7 .5
NON MANU FA CTU RIN G

WHOLESALE

75

$
3 8 .0
■

BOOKKEEPING-M ACH INE

CTMa mu e ^ —
r i ih A M r t

70

60

CONTINUED

140

WHOL ESALE

65

36

55

1A
23
12

9

Aft
36
27

17
10

38
27

46
44

f A

18

6

7

1^
lK
13

Aft

9

5
5

1B

2
2

9
9

15
15
15

8
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n — Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u str y d i v is i o n , B o s to n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

1 u
J
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

t

50
Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

55

60

$

65

i

*

70

75

S

*

S

80

85

90

%

95

$

%

100

105

110

$
115

$

(

120

130

S

$

140

150

160

1
170

180

and
and

under

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

4
-

4
4

10
3
7
6

62
17
45
10

-

-

~

-

81
34
47
20
7
4

141
104
37
11

-

71
27
44
15
4

4

121
76
45
19
7
11

131
73
58
8
28
2

128
35
93
18
3
10

122
83
39
1
5
33

40
19
21
5
5
5

16
3
13
1
2
8

115

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$

90.50
38.0
90.50
89.50
38.5
89.50
91.00
37.5
92.00
82.00
37.5
82.50
36.5
93.00
92.50
38.0 103.00 102.50

81.00-100.50
82.00-100.50
78.00-100.00
73.50- 93.00
89.00-100.50
96.50-112.00

968
319
649
204
304

37.5
38.0
37.5
38.5
36.0

84.50
84.00
84.50
79. 00
82.50

83.50
83.00
83.50
80.50
84.50

75.5076.0075.5070.0076.00-

91.50
92.50
90.50
85.50
89.00

_
-

3
3
3

31
18
13
1
12

91
15
76
50
26

99
34
65
28
27

136
54
82
16
47

184
83
121
57
44

158
35
123
21
83

74
39
35
3
29

68
37
31
13
16

54
9
45
13
11

12
1
11
1
2

11
5
6
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1,087
445
642
65
97
338
95

38.0
39.0
37.5
38.0
37.5
36.5
39.0

90.00
91.50
89.00
92.00
88.00
87.00
86.00

90.00
91.00
89.00
93.00
88.00
87.50
87.00

84.0086.5082.0088.5082.0081.0079.50-

97.00
98.00
96.50
99.50
97.00
95.00
92.00

-

-

-

32

-

-

72
17
55

-

-

-

-

“

221
98
123
20
14
58
20

133
59
74
11
9
48
5

116
86
60
14
11
31
3

34
20
14

-

-

23
1
22
2
20

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

1,358
496
862
114
224
247

38.0
39.0
38.0
38.5
38.0
37.0

79.00
79.00
79.00
82.00
73. 50
78.00

78.50
80.50
77.50
85.00
74.00
78.50

72.5073.5071.5074.5070.0074.50-

85.50
85.00
86.00
89.50
79.50
83.00

32
21
11
4
-

3

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

432
79
353
59
208

38.0
38.0
38.0
38.0
37.5

69.00
73.50
68.00
66.00
69.50

68.00
71.00
67.50
67.00
68.00

65.0066.5064.5063.0065.50-

73.50
84.50
72.00
70.50
73.00

S E CR ET AR IE S5--------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

7,971
3, 283
4,688
193
649
434
2, 253
1,159

38.0
38.5
37.5
39.5
38.0
37.5
36.5
39.0

108.50
108.50
108.50
124.00
110.00
102.00
106.00
113.00

107.00 96.00-119.00
97.00-117.50
107.00
107.50 95.50-120.50
120.00 111.00-138.00
93.50-121.50
109.00
102.50 91.50-114.00
104.50 93.50-117.50
99.50-123.50
112.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

489
182
307
83
91
84

37.5
38.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
36.5

13 2 . SO
139.00
128.50
116.00
114.00
139.50

130.00
133.50
123.00
113.50
113.00
134.50

112.00-151.50
121.00-155.50
107.50-147.00
101.00-125.00
102.50-134.50
117.00-164.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1.487
550
937
52
128
121
389
247

37.5
38.5
37.0
39.5
39.0
37.0
36.5
37.5

121.00
121.00
121.00
135.50
117.50
103.50
120.50
128.50

120.50
123.00
119.50
138.00
115.00
104.50
118.50
125.50

109.50-132.50
109.50-133.00
109.50-131.50
119.00-152.50
106.50-130.00
96.00-115.50
109.50-131.00
119.00-137.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1,007
499
508
1 19
65
95

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .




-

-

“

-

179
48
121
3

7
33
15

74
11

232
124
108
12
16
52
28

"

319
111
208
29
71
59

238
76
162
21
45
79

246
133
113
4
24
62

152
64
88
33
14
33

122
32
90
17
10
3

98
13
85
16
37

170
26
144
23
103

64
4
60
11
24

17
5
12
2
10

45
14
31

20
14
6

26

105
23
82

307
80
22 7

543
220
32 3

-

2

5

47
13
29

-

-

-

2

5

13

-

-

15

-

-

"

15
5
2

_

_

5

6

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

-

-

-

-

-

4
l

5
1

-

-

-

-

13
33
1

1
10
65
6

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

20
2
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1
15

-

-

-

-

-

34
3
31
1
2

10
3
7
1

3
3
-

-

“

-

-

~

”

16
10
6

23
23

6
2
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

~

~

~

~

"

H
-

4
4

27
1
26

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

12

B
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

3

-

~

6

49
2
47

33
19
14

3
3

5

-

-

Zd

140
33
107
2
32
11

2

-

-

32
3
18
11

-

27
4
23
1
3

-

-

-

-

17
23
134
48
9
9
9

2

_

6

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

1
-

-

52
36
173
62
_
-

787
360
427
10
59
41
238
79
10
4
6
4
2

8
6
2

39
17
22

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
-

-

4
17
1

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

7

-

2

-

-

12
4

797 1054
344 517
537
453
12
3
87
50
49
55
240 263
126
105
25
7
18
14
4
87
36
51
1
14
18
13
5

41
11
30
13
17
99
41
58
1
7
17
32
1

772
256
516
20
72
41
26B
115

857
442
415
16
59
54
190
96

853
404
449
35
72
22
180
140

838
228
610
31
105
35
230
209

567
236
331
24
33
31
165
78

209
90
119
22
13

28

B

33
43

65
19
46
9
14

l
-

-

-

14
9

9
9

13
14

53
38
15
2
2
4

22
7
15

14
3
11

42
16
26

-

-

26
4
5
12

28
10
15
2

47
20
27
4
3
20

59
31
28
18
6
3

70
33
37
6
21
8

43
12
31

141
40
101
1
23

163
51
112
2
16
20
59
15

179
53
126
11
17
14
47
37

274
79
195
4
15
11
75
90

302
166
136
10
10
5
82
29

117
53
64
9
10
1

29
4
25
3

n

2
12

26

a

56
13

-

7
13

33

42
16
26
2

91
42
49
8
14
2
6
19

8
-

24
4
20
1

-

8
-

-

-

3

9

10

31
4
27
9
2

9

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

11
5

9
l

1

9
Table A -l.

O ffice O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n — Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v i s i o n , B o s to n , M a s s . , S e p te m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A^prooP
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N um ber
$

$
50

Me an 2

Median2

$
55

t
60

$
65

of w orkers
t

$
70

75

r e c e i .vin g

85

straigh t -tim e

$

*

$
80

90

$
95

$
100

w e e k ly e arn in g s
$

105

$
110

$
1 15

of—
$

120

$
130

i

*
140

150

$

$
160

170

180

and

Middle range 2

and

under
75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

2
-

5
-

140

169
79
90
5

271
174
97
4

386
259
127

308
76
232
17

140
17

34
19
15

6

73
67
-

175
84
91
4

9

23
56
-

63
75

~
9
5

2
4

1
1

“

-

72
15
57
-

138

-

-

5
-

14
6
8
-

79

2
-

10

5

4
49

3
53
26

37
17

17
1
66

~

2
3

12
15
57
9

”
~

2
-

2
2
43
20

“
4
“
~

“
~

3
-

4
4
-

407
132
275
15

-

6
6
-

_

3
-

38
2
36
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

60

65

$
$
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

-

70

WCMEN - CO NT IN UE D
S E C R E T A R I E S 5 - CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------f i n a n c e 3 -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

I, 949
891

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 ,0 5 8
71

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

3 ,7 9 8
1, 660
2 ,1 3 8
60

ST ENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,8 4 3

3 8 .5

640
1 ,2 0 3
136
227
65

3
3
3
3

stenographers, senior

156
77
538
216

282
141
1, 2 4 2
413

3
3
3
3

9
8
7
9

.0
.0
.0
.5

3
3
3
3
3

8
8
7
9
7

.0
.5
.0
.5
.5

3 8 .0
3 6 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 3 .5 0

119
115
100
110

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

-

100
100
99
112
102

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

1 1 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 9 . 00
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 7 . 50
9 0 .0 0
8 6 . 50

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

.0
.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
87
91
85
109
86

.5
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0

10
9
8
8

6
2
6
8

.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

9
0
4
6

.0
.0
.5
.0

-

-

1
3
4

88
17
71
-

0
0
0
0

-

-

-

-

2
1

3
1

7
61

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

"

“

~

-

5
30
1

33
14
19
-

208
25
183
-

192
37
155
-

35

24

7

11
75
45

5

8

7
6

b
18
24

12
29
7

8
49
5

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

4

-

-

1
3
-

-

-

-

-

3
16

3

5

43
23
144
41

45
14
188
48

2
20

6
57

31
184
52

11
182
74

40
25
147
48

21
4
72
53

13
3
67

285

368

69

49

125
243

43
94

20
49

39
10
29

20
38

22
110
61

2
63
31

1
21
14

22
2
1
10
14

20
29
10

20
9

10
40

404
258
146
9
41

137

75
210
-

142
63
79

228

207

199

83
124
24

90
109

27
67
65

226
71
155
14
67

51
25

12
116
8

8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

--------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,4 8 5

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 6 . 50
9 3 . 50

9 6 . 00

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

1 0 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

8
8
8
8

-

3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
45
7

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

512
171
341
55

3
3
3
3

9 4 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

23

44

44

85

-

-

2
21
-

5
39
-

17
27

24
61
-

78
110
55

-

6
6
-

-

-

16

-

-

8

3 6 .0
3 9 .0

13

-

-

-

6
14

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

401
373
123
167

38. 0

7 4 .0 0

35

40

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

39

SWITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON ISTSMANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

868
379
489

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.5

8 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
9 8 . 50
8 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

192
51
110

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

102

3 8 .0

9 0 .0 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .




473

34

8
9
8
9

.0
.0
.0
.5

3 8 .5

8
8
8
9
9
8
6

9 8 .0 0

9 9 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 4 . 00
1 0 9 .5 0
8 7 . 50
9 4 .5 0

5
8
9
7

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

0
0
1
0

2
8
4
4

.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

3

"

8 5 .0 0 -

9 9 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 -

8 5 .0 0

6 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 -

8 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

7
7
7
9

7
5
9
4

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1

9 2 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
0 4 .5 0

1
-

2
-

1
-

2
-

7
7
7
8

7
2
8
2

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-

9
8
8
9

-

-

1
-

2
-

8 7 . 00

1 0 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

4
9
8
4

.5 0
.0 0
.0 0
.5 0

-

6
6
-

136
5
20
8
12
-

88
45

5

15

10
10
-

10

124

10
-

124

49
49

1

1

31
80

1
45

32
2
21

23
23
-

20

117

11
9
-

63
54
-

4
5
-

31

~

~

11
11
1

43
18

22
2
137
63
74
2
36
4
26
6

160
42
118
8

3

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

208
72
136
3

716
386
330

3 6 .5
3 7 .0

7 4 .5 0 8 0 .5 0 -

376
217
159
9

517
228
289

242

9 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

112
49

574
276
298

533

7 9 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

2
46
20

442
191
251
-

1 0 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

22

21
38

2 07
65
144
-

-

-

8 0 .5 0 8 5 .5 0 -

2
1
0
0

-

.0
.0
.5
.0

1 ,0 1 2
156
364
304

9
8
9
9

$
1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

47
16
78
69

3
5
9
n
33
25
25
~
119
35
84
15
9
25
35

53
175

20
18
9

60
63
34
29
7
4
11
2

118
46
72
3
19
28
11

19

112
27

43

85
6
26
25

38

28

8
30
9

6

11
26

50

35

123
6

20
17
7
-

1
40
34

-

33
3
30
30

2
-

-

9

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

20
2
18
9

5

1

2
3

2

_

6
46
9

2
9

2

22

2
-

1C
H
-

-

11
4
7

10
-

4
1
-

28

9

17

1

33
19
9

24

9

1

12
8

2

14
9

106
35
71

47
7
40

51
22
29

31
14
17

6
-

1
23
9

7
18

11
16

1
l

1
9

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

5

“

15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

98
90
6
38
9
34
3

3
35

-

-

_

3

41

188

-

-

4
65

1
11
6

_

-

69

22
7

"
-

_

106
21
85
18

12
7
5
-

7
-

i

1
2

19

~

1
13
6
7

l
3

31
7
24
15

4
~

33

26

11
26
27

3
“
9

37

11
7

30
30

2

1
-

-

3
3

6
-

6
2
4
-

14
6
8
-

4

6

“

“

2

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

10
Table A -l.

O ffice O ccu p ation s—M en and W om en — Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , S e p te m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iving s tr a ig h t -t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
£

Average
weekly
( standard)

£
50

M ea n2

Median 2

Middle range 2

£
55

£
60

S
65

S
70

$
75

S
80

$

S

£
85

90

95

£

£
100

105

£
110

£
115

£
120

£

£
130

140

£

£
150

160

£
170

and
u n d er
55

180

and
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

2

6

53
15
38

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

3

1

6

13

8

14

3

32
14

13
8
5

6

10

1 80

over

_

4

1Q-0-

160

170

WOMEN - CONTINUED
TA 6 UL AT IN G-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------TR AN SC RIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------F I N A N C E 3---------------------

60

3 8 .0

$
1 1 3 .5 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
$
1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

252
50

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 9 . 50

9 1 .0 0

202

1 0 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
9 3 . DO- 1 0 4 . 0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

534

3 7 .5

8 4 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0

209
325
61

3
3
3
3

8 3 .0 0

.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

7 8 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

85
85
92
83

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
9 5 . 50
8 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

85
86
85
90
80
88

.5
.5
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

7 5 . 50
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

212

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------F I N A N C E 3--------------------SERVICES --------------------

1, 770
477

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------FINANCE 3--------------------SERVICES --------------------

3, 191
805

1, 293
82
516
438

8
7
9
7

.0
.5
.0
.0

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

2, 386
317

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0

1, 598
299

3 7 .0
3 8 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

_

_

14
-

12

B

32

-

1
-

51

-

-

-

“

“

1

14

51

12

3
5

32

7

10

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

81
35

91

141
73

48

40

37

18

42
12
29

46
33

54

68

9

3
44

30
13
14

12
28
14
14

353
95

9 3 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

-

-

7
-

10
-

8 9 .5 0

-

-

5

10

7 7 .5 0 7 9 .5 0 -

9 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

_

_

-

.5 0
.0 0
.0 0

-

7
3
4

96
9

-

-

-

3

37
1
18

.0 0

-

~

-

12

162
23
139
7
89
24

_
-

3

167
4
163

545
28
517

12
135

7
2
5
9

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

- 93
- 115
- 90
- 96

7 0 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

8 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

7 2 .5 0 -

8 3 .0 0

6 8 . DO-

7 8 .0 0

7 3 .00-

7 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

-

3
-

18

72
30

7 7 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

7
8
7
7

-

43

258
9
145

224
73
151
9
75

80

54

211
15
60
86

994
193
801

596
219
377

408
123
285

25

81

66

423
23

589

217
71

85

350
139

215
54
161

131
7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

10

3

2

“

1
"

"

'

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
25
30
12

5
-

8
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

-

3

14

4

2
18

2

1
2
-

14
8

68
24

42
2
40

44

62

290
144
146

107
50
57

36
19
17

26
19
7

87

30

9

-

-

143

48
57

26
9

12
3

6

21
3
7
1

6
2

25
1
24
4
4
16
9
2
7
7

2

-

4

-

20

60

12

_

-

4

23
3

2
5
35

51

8
84

160
29

1

-

7
4

_

6

10

5

_
-

-

-

1 Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n is co m p u te d fo r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n
h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than
the h ig h e r ra te .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
5 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th ose p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11
Table A-2.

Professional and Techn ical O ccu p a tion s—Men and W om en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t--t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of —
%

$

Median 13
2

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

%

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

1 -----210

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

over

1

70
M ..»*

$

$

10
3
7
7

5
-

65
11
54
54

128
77
51
50

173
66
107
107

280
152
128
127

170
77

118
53
65
56

97
39

54
-

18
-

58
50

54
53

18
18

54
24

61

230
95

245

129
79

93
34

5
-

6
-

-

135

97
87

50

59
36

11
1
10
10

5

5

6
4

1
-

t

$

i

and
u n d er

M iddle range 2

75

and

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
SERVICES ---------

I , 119
478
641
600

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -SERVICES ---------

1, 127
563
564

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

460

3 9 .0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
SERVICES --------D R A F T S ME N- TR AC ER S ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------

$
1
1
1
1

6
6
6
6

6
5
8
7

.5 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0

$
1
1
1
1

5
5
5
5

5
5
6
5

.5
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

$
-1 8
-1 7
-18
-1 8

1
7
6
5

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
9

1

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

-

1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

-

-

1 4 3 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

774

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

7
-

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

7
-

42
14
28
-

92
49

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

2
10
-

37
27

280
36
236

10
-

7

7

28

8

43
3
40

126
96

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

9 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

6
5

11

36
25

24

28

18

232

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

6
6

1 2 7 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

7
7

11
3

6

11
47

3

5

45

34

123
83
49

53
46
7
-

77

18
16
-

46
31
3

73
69
4
1

7

28

3

7
7

494

1 0 2 .5 0

14

12
10
9

7
-

“

12

22

7
-

14
8

58

16

11
27
2
2

1
1

1
1

_

27

15
15

6
6

6

-

12
9

10
8

44
36
8

5
5

39

17

171
96
75

30

7

65

92

94

37

4

30
7

65
35

23

50
44
5
39

21
2

4
-

44

6

30
7

1

23

2

33
20

38
27

13

11

148

26
17
9

48

93
73

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

2
2

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1
to t h e se
2
3

164
68

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - 1.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e

4
2

3

2

39

25
14

o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

5
5

7
6
1

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

corresp on d

12
Table A-3.

O ffice, P rofessional, and Technical O ccup ations—Men and W om en C om bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
Average

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

303
268
132

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) — --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

169
140
98

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

334
121
213
86

3 7 .5

9
9
9
8

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------ :
----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------F I N A N C E 2 --------------------------

3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

64 7

3 8 .0

163
484

3
3
3
3
3

8
8
9
7
7

.0
.0
.0
.5
.0

3
3
3
3

8
9
8
8

. JO
.0
.0
.5

3
3
3
3

9
7
6
8

.0
.5
.5
.5

182
62
192

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 2 ------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2, 124
619

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 2 ------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

3 ,4 1 5
663

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

2 ,7 5 2
646
560
637

3
3
3
3

1 ,5 0 5
425
172
190
585
133

7
8
7
6

.5
.5
.5
.5

5
7
4
9

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

8 0 . 50
8 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1
1
1
1

0
1
0
0

5
2
6
5

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8
8
8
8
7

3
3
3
5
7

.0
.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

208

3 8 .0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 2------------ --------------

326
80
246
50
154

3 7 .5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 2 ------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

l , 126
252
874
62
546
199

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 5 . 50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE --- ------------f i n a n c e 2 --------------------------

1 ,2 9 5
131
1 ,1 6 4
168
454

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 7 . 50
6 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

3
3
3
3

9
7
8
7

.0
.5
.0
.0

8
8
8
8

5
4
5
2

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

8 1 .5 0

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

CLERKS, ORDER ------MANUFACTURING --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG •
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —

1 ,2 4 1

3 9 .0

535
706
639

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

52

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----MA NU FACTURING --NO NM AN UFACTURING ■
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —
FINANCE 2-------SERVICES -------

1 ,0 8 4
523

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

CO MPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ---NO NMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE ---

561
65

9 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

66

38
39
37
36

97

3 8 .0

9 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

97 L
319

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

122

652
204
307

.0
.0
.5
.5

$
1 0 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ---------FINANCE 2---------------SERVICES ---------------

1 ,0 9 9
652
75
97
338
95

37
38
37
36

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NMANUFACTURING -------WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------FINANCE 2----------------

364
499
865
114
225
247

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

447

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMA NUFACTURING ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE ---FI NANCE 2---------SERVICES ---------

1, 185
267
918

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
.5
.0
.5
.5

3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5
8 9 .0
9 1 .0
8 8 .0

0
0
0
0

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

7 9 .0
7 9 .0
7 9 .0
8 2 .0

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

3 8 .0

0
0
0
0

7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 8 . 50
6 7 .5 0

97
495

3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

166

3 8 .5

S E CR ET AR IE S 4 ----------MA NUFACTURING ----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE ---FINANCE 2---------SERVICES ---------

7, 979
3 ,2 8 8
4 ,6 9 1
193
652
434
2 ,2 5 3
1 ,1 5 9

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING -----NO NMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE ---FINANCE 2----------

492
185
307
83
91

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

60

100

84

7 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

Weekly

workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D

S E CR ET AR IE S4 - CO NT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3—
WHOLESALE TRAD E --RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE 2------------SERVICES ------------

1 ,4 8 8
550
938
52
129
121
389
247

SECRETARIES, CLASS C MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 —
WHOLESALE TRADE --RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE 2------------SERVICES ------------

1 ,9 5 2
892
1 ,0 6 0
71
158

SECRETARIES, CLASS D MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 —
WHOLESALE TRADE --RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE 2------------SERVICES ------------

3, 799
1 ,6 6 1
2, 138

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 —
WHOLESALE TRADE --RETAIL TRADE ------F I NA NC E 2 ------------SERVICES ------------

77
538
216

60
282
141
1 ,2 4 2
413

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
39
39
37
36
37

.5
.0
.0
.5
.5

3
3
3
3

.5
.5
.0
.5

8
8
8
9

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5
3
3
3
3
3

8
8
7
9
7

.0
.5
.0
.5
.5

3 8 .0
3 6 .0
4 0 .0

1 ,8 4 5
640

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 ,2 0 5
137
228

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

65
533
242

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE 2-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,4 8 6

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FI N A N C E 2 -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

515
171
344
58

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------FI N A N C E 2 -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

473
1 ,0 1 3
157
364
304

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
12
13
11
10
12
12

1 .0 0
5 .5 0
8 .0 0
3 .5 0
0 .5 0
8 .5 0

111
110
111
119
115
100

.0
.5
.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0
0
0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 . 50
1 0 8 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 6 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

3 7 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 . 50
8 5 .0 0

3
3
3
3
3
3

8
8
8
9
7
8

.0
.5
.0
.0
.0
.5

9 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 9 . 50

3 8 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

78
110
55

39
38
39
38
36
39

.0
.0
.5
.5
.0
.0

40 3
373
123
167

3
3
3
3

.0
.5
.5
.0

8
7
7
7

7
7
7
6

4
3
9
7

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

13

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
Average

O ccu p a tion

and

in d u stry

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

d ivision

A verage

W eekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
W eekly

O ccu p a tion

and

in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

3 3 .0
3 8 .0

868

$
8 4 . 50
8 6 .0 0

Number
of
workers

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

c
n u r
r i1 i N A NrU tZ
c c n i/ irrr
j l K V lu L o

.

^34
1 QT
L 'y c

OP E R A T O R S ,

——

1 1 U
1 1A

36* 5

7 8 .0 0
QO n n
o * c . UU

102

— — • —. — — —
..

3 8 .0

9 0 . 00

5 1

TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
r i Ar r
ULAbb

A
A — *
u a iiiiC A m i n r n r
...
M A N U r A L 1UK 1Mb
ki l W i n A I MiUC Av# r u n r iNb
r\kt u a a i i r A r 1 U K A kin
(i
r n i A M P C 2 ...........
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—

88

r A Q| | A t I N b "-M A U H T MC H OC K A l U K C f
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L
r i acr
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—— ——
y y U1 t jA L t
n n n L C C A 1 C TO A U t
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—
—
———
c- i m a n r e 2 ..
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r 1 iiAIN bC
T A Q UilL A T I1N b — M A C LI lf N t C
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Art
99
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444
128

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54
104

3 8 .0
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61
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T u n t b Tb f
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H A N U r A t 1 U K i N b -------------ki U N u A miUi r A U 1 U o rI m b
N rtM n a N r A r m K N p ———————————————
UL jm crciki r t d a d c
H n U L tb A Lu
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———
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b tK V lb u b

n p A T 1 C n PM
PL AAb b
^Q
U r v A C T b MC » l |
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M A N r A b 1 IP 1 MP
P IA MlUIP M P T IUK T N b
kinM UAkinr A T T im r
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8 3 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

T w n lfbr lr b f
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MA i i U r M bTI IQ I M P — — . — — — — — — — — — — . — —
n AMI 1C AT » U K I N b
—
—
Ki ri KiKiAKiiir a U 1 K r ki o
N U N n A N U r A r* t iUi n 1 N b — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
m ini rr
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rU tiL lU
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38 0 93 00
39.5 10 1. 50
38.0
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n
1, 293

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95

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37.5

479

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0

660

IQ C
DO . b

1 6 9 .5 0

—— ——

619

3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

1, 133
567

3 9 .5

144» 00

566

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i TT •( J
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460

3 9 .0

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—

——

——

—

50
n n a r T r u r ki
nt A n n
n
U K A r 1 b M c l N f U L A b b U —— —— ————— —— —
M AM U r h P 1 K 1 IMb
H M N H P MU T IUIP T MP
MflKJM A l i IP A U 1 K T NIP « . —
N U N P IA NilU r M P T lUIP l N b —. . ——
—— — — ——
nnm rr
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r U o L 1U U l l L I i l t b
——
—
——
—
r r K Vi T r ccr
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. ..
bt
—

8 9 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

2 41 6

74* 00
83.50
nr\
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7 2 . 50
77. 50

OQ C
DO. D

1,598
299

ur
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—

IQ# A
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"•————— ——
_

SERVic es

8 2 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

aU
7 rt
117
D1 f

— ——— ——————— ——
——

A
A

8 3 .0 0

1 ,7 7 3

37 .0
38. 5

38.5

r\n A r m i r A i r n A r r n r
U K A r 1b M t N
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c
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803

4 0 .0

510

24 9

———

—

—

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—

23 9

1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
r\f\
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39 .5
40 . 0

36

i in
IDO
—————

110* 00

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
1Q C
io « b

c.'y J

MU ilp cb u J i
T Ii U U j T K T A It
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n i N cc
1 N in ilC 1 P l A
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A A N IT k P 1 U K I I b
.—
PIlAAll U r A U TI If) I N IP — — — — — . . .— — —...... — — — — —
——
KinMAi a kii Urr A n n Ui n i N b — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
i a U 1 K r \tn
.. .
NUNnAN

n D C K A IT HK b »
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87 • 00
89* 00

39.5 12 4« 50
4 0 .0 122.50
38 .5 128.50

1^ 1
I f 1
i Q
oo

76 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

1 QC
1 OD

— — — — ——————————

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

r M T A TIT r n r k i f
n i ac f
n
UKAr b utN
bLAbb
u —————
—
——————
MA i i U P A P T I I P I N b
n AMI I r
U l U K T MP ——————— ————— —— —
k iU Ni n A k uUi r A U t iUiK f N b ———— — ——— ——
ru u A N c a t 1 d 1 Mr
N

8 5 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0

50

31o

2 00
K u N K A N 1r* A U T K Mr
I l A
M r\K M KMlU C A r TIUirt iT No

116

3 9 .5
D 1. V
n
D

in d u stry d iv isio n

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

$

$

Dy • 3
a i c

217
3c f

uuni r f n r th in r
WHULfcbALfc
IKAUfc — — ——— — — — — — —— — —
c 1 MAMrt
r r N A N U r 2— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
—

3 9 .9

and

Number
of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS

u n i i U rr A r T1iU K I N P
................. .
M A N i A U n m i b ——————————————————
K U N K A K 11CA U TlUID i N A — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
i
I
I
Nl AM M A N U r AT 1 K T K b

9 8 . 50

O ccu p a tion

CONTINUED

-

536
M r N U M N i r * r 1 m l m o —————— - —
N U u i n A M Ui r A L r iU K r N t
—
n Ui Q i L l l
i 1 l
r i O rr
Ui t t iL t t 1 r b ^ —————————————
I 1i t c
i .i uf ii r c L r
t o a r>r
W n U L t b Am c
TKAUfc — — — — — — — — — —
nc 1 ar i
»i a U t
K C T H I L t K f l r\er — — — — —
1
——

A verage

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .

t h e ir

re g u la r

s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s

(e x c lu s iv e

o f pay fo r

o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r

p r e m iu m

r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n in g s

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
H ourly earnings

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Num ber
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f --

1
U nder

M ean2

M edian

2

M iddle range

2

$
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




$

$

3 .3 9

3 .0 2 -

3 .5 1

9

-

3 .3 3

3 .4 0

3 .0 4 -

3 .4 8

-

3 .5 3

3 .3 5

2 .9 9 -

4 .3 9

9

3 .1 5

3 .0 3

2 .9 6 -

3. 97

4 .3 4

3 .1 9 -

4 .7 6

3 .4 0

322
192
25
98

$

$

$

S

S

%

$

$

$

f

$

$

S

$

$

$

i

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

1
«t . 4 0

$

2 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

i
<.6 0

4 .8 0

over

an d
2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

3 .2 5

$
514

•$

i

and
under

i
2 .1 0

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------R E T A I L TR A D E -------------------------------------------------

S

2
-

-

-

5
-

-

5

2

30

9

40

41

39

22

39

123

18

16

14

20

27

8

12

13
9

I

20

14

7

22
17

i l l

6

22
17

15

5

28
2

8

-

12

10

4

4

5

5

4

11
2

20

-

5
-

6

2

1

-

2

-

1

2

-

-

2

2

11

2

10

3

2

2

3

4

3

5

1

15

16

4

10

11

-

32
-

16
11

-

32
-

4

32

5
10

14
T able A-4.

Maintenance arid Pow erplant O ccup ations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p t e m b e r 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
M ean 2

3.81

56

2.89

419
298

2.9 3
3.36
2.61

121

2.84
^17
90

3.55
3.51

$
3.333.353.29-

3.78
3.04
2.80

3.37- 4.36
2.60- 3.29
2.59- 3.21

2.86
3.03

2.46- 3.38
2.60- 3.53
d. LO
<• i
-

2.85

2.67- 3.12

11
1

U»ClllllI o 1b f nAl
lilTMTCAlAHrC
HALn Ifil rTr
CiNAfiLC
u A N ui a rl l UK ln r — —— — —— —— —— —— — — —— — —
r
n Aam r A ri in r NC

I

M E C H A N IC S , AU TO MOT IVE
fu a rM r r kN A NiC b i — — —— — — — ——
lHA 1INI 11 i a k r r 1
U A k iu cr A L 1U K r NC
n
M A N U A m i n lki

I

NU NM AN U rA C I UK I INC
PUBLIC

— — — — ———
--— — —————
— — — —— — — —— — — — — ——

U T IL llltb

uuni C r A i C Tn A h c
r » r 1K a U C
Mn L L j v
J
ucruAMir r
MtCHAN I C o t

————————————

1

MANUr AC

1

UK I NC

n 1n r c rt t t t n c ,
P f P f c I 1 1 fcK b

—— — —

ni iiu ocn r
rLUnDCKof

3.3£~

3.47
3.33

3.54

2

2

$

$

0 3.,10 3 .20
0

2.60 2.70 2.80 2, 3.00 3. 10 3.,20 3 .30 3.40 3.50 3. 60 3.80
12 27 11 19 2 42 8 49 112 213 189
7 18 22 39 8 38 74 194 140
0 3
11 26
32
1
11 38 19 49
1 1
7
8 8 24 38 12 43 13
13
23
3
33
23
0 5 8
5 12 29 10
14
13
1 12 1
13
0 2 42 2
2
34
0
24 13 26 19 13 19 26
24
12
30
2 14 35 0
15
11 23
24
34
10 12 25
1
3
14
12
30
1
l
'
26
19
2 6 2
2 6 1 1
3
2
23
1
2 2 3 2 i?
1
1
*
2 3 2 £
1
3
7
2
1
2
2
6 8
9
9
46
12 30
80
2.50

,90

56

4

l

3

18

28
16

g

32
16
16

51

35

15

I,

542

3.22

3.32

3.39
3.40
2.74

3.3b

3.HH

2.67

——

3.3L-

3.d‘
*-

*

1 10 21
1 10 21

5

60
60

23
c'

32

1
1

38
38

67

16

25
25

67
54

90

3.092.512.621.79-

—
——

30

1
1

12

394

3.47

3.49
3.50

3.28- 3.58

3.3

3.38

3.42
3.42

3.44
3.45

3.21- 3.56
3.20- 3.56

3.71
3.72

3.78
3.78

3.54- 3.93
3.55- 3.93

103

———— ———— — ———

690

167
167

o

-

ID

19

80
77

e.o

14

14

13

*

15

23

18
18

fy
£

7

-

-

-

C

16
15

3 67
3 6
6

1

23
0
(
y

1

55
55

-

5

_

_

_

1
0
g

12
10

-

1
£

2

-

14
14

2
2
-

-

15
15

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
18 at $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 8 0 ; and 9 at $ 1 . 9 0 to $ 2 .
5 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e s ta te .

-

-

-

15

1
11
11
5

2
2

6
5

-

6

5
-

18

_

2
1
1

3
-

105

6

57

15

71

52
19

7
5

14
14
27
27

346
33C

11

1

15

388

230

366
48

230
206
24

225
207
18
18

141

62

53

26

134
l 5

2
1

15

1

32
17
15

96
53

12

44

79
72

5

16

0
4
2
9

148
o

2
2
2

12
44

40

11

l

57

7

15

11

5
_

56
18
38

11 10
2 17
108
220
98
163
10 57

27
27

15

-

60
58

2
0

3
18

1

~

-

80

98
97

50

26

42 7

45

1

8
c

38

24

1

3.17- 3.56

73

81

3.0 3

2.73
2.38

——————————

—————————

49
48

3.3C

3.37
3.39
3.35
3.07
3.05

30

6
8

~

94

2.48- 3.13

2.68-

3.03
3.25

27
25

30

2.85- 3.55

IU f

l

72

46

over

3

3.37- 3.81

1,282

76

4.20 4.40 4.60 4. 80

25

5

3.00

3.63

$
$
(
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4. 60 4.80
and

2.^0

3.40- 3.62
3.22- 3.50

2.82

-------------------------------------------------




2

2.30

3.32- 3.69

3.3 1

03

-------------------------------------------------

u AK cK b
M A i /fr n r

3.58

3.59

^
^

u a I kit CN A n r t
H A tN I r n A N Cc

a N r\ U f c
A m U n lr c

3.32- 3.49
3.32- 3.48

3.53
3.3^

———— — ——— ————

M A lN Ih N A Nr r
Ct

MANUFACTURING

,013
137

— —— — — — —— —
— — —— — — —— — —

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
u A N ic a r 1im r N C
M aaii U r A C T U K 1 Kir ————————————— —
TU U L
1n m

, 188

—— — — — — — —— ——

a a t m tt m au
a

MANUFACTURING

3.38

— —— — — — — —— — — —

n A IN I b K f t U A T MTTMA N C c
P A I WTC r> b
M A I N i c N AKlf*C
AiAKIHC AC Tl in I N C — — — — — — —
MANUr Ar 1U K fmr

M UAKIIIC AC 1UK1 Mr
flKt
NUN H A N U r A C Tlinv N C
c t k i A A i r c5
r l NANCt
~
rrm /trcr
b b K V lC tb
—

3.37

72

m a t m t c NA N C fc
MAIN! c m a m t c

1

2.80

1

2.20

2

—— ———————— —

MAN U r AC I UR I N C
AIHKIU AMl i r A C l U K T Mr
NUNMANUr A r Tl m l NC ———— ——————————
n l a i
K ct TA I L m K A n c —————————————————
1 a Ut
u i Li L V ln r r iin T c — ™ ™
nt i u KU i l o
UAAi ur A r U K n o r
MANUr AC r n n I N C

2.99

215

O P E R A T O R S , T OO L R O O M -UAMnr A L 1U K 1NO»
"
M A N U r a r Tun t ki/ —— — — — — —— — — —— — — — — — —

2.10

2.20

Lz
.

2 .8 0

H 1
M A C H IN E -T O O L

$
3.76
3.76
3.77

U n der 2 ,1 0
$
and
und er

o

233

$

M iddle range 2

s
t
$
$
$
t
$
$
2.30 2.40
.70
.50
,80 2.90 3.
.60
.

o

$
3.58
3.59

Median 2

$

16

3

^f

3

2
0
1 1

14

10

*

3
1
1

5

19

12

16

7

52

5

18
16

2

2
2

1

1
87
84

127
125

2
2
12 8 20 21
7
20 21
8
21 32 6
6
8
32
21
52
13

l

15

5
60
55

28

1

4

15

11
2
8
8
165
165

38
38

9

4

3
3

1
1

“

l

-

-

1

4

6

1

279
279

34
34

1
1

1

3

1

l
3
3

2

_

2

“

15
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovem ent O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
Hourly ea rnings2

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n ings of —

S
$
$
$
£
£
£
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0
U nder
£

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

M ean 3

Median 3

Middle range3

£
2.20

£
£
£
2.30 2.40 2.50

£
£
£
£
£
£
£
£
£
%
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

and

£

1.40 un d er
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0
$
1.69
2.48
1.55

$
1.472.311.45-

$
2.34
2.73
1.77

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

4, 196
890
3,306

$
1.89
2.54
1.71

GUARDS:
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

612

2.60

2.49

2.42- 2.70

278

2.39

2.36

2 .0 0 - 2.80

-

6,785
2, 148
4,637
361
127
369
302
3,478

2 .0 0

1.83
2.28
1.76
2.51
2.41
2.03
2.24
1.72

1.712.061.582.412.081.801.991.56-

2

WA TCHMEN :
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE 5-------------------------SERVICES :
-------------------------

2.28
1 .8 6

2.47
2.36
2.15
2.18
1.72

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------r e t a i l t r a d e -------------------FINANCE 5-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1,756
97
1,659
53
419
1,059

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

4,400
2,436
1,964
209
722
865

2.48
2.38
2.59
3.18
2.70
2.50

ORDER
FI LL ER S ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---- -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,045
618
1,427
806
487

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ----- * ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- \ -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----- -----------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

2.28
2.46
2.04
2.74
2.55
2.47
2.36
1.79

4 1532

1

352

2

2

-

3.24
2.87
2.61

2.142.132.213.202.412.25-

2.81
2.64
3.14
3.28
3.16
2.82

2.74
2.52
2.83
2.72
3.00

2.82
2.54
3.08
2.78
3.24

2.382.122.652.423.20-

3.20
2.79
3.21
3.14
3.27

-

_
-

1,196
678
518
489

2.52
2.57
2.45
2.47

2.54
2.57
2.39
2.47

2.062.191.851.85-

3.05
2.98
3.13
3.14

_

_

“

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

243
197

2.23
2.25

2.09

1.92- 2.81
1.92- 2.83

_

_

2 .0 0

-

-

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

577
235
342
172
129

2.60
2.58
2.61
2.54
2.69

2.67
2.65
2.70
2.57
2.78

2.422.452.372.262.48-

2.92

“

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE --------------------------------------

458

2 .6 8

2.70

2.74
2.63
2.60

2 .6 6

2.96
3.09
2.93
2.86

_

221

2.322.362.272.27-

237
136

2.50
2.42
2.68

2.71
2.70

-

182 1164
12
170 1164
15
23
155 1141

1.78
2.39
1.77
1.79
1.79
1.74

1.6 8

2.19
1.67
1 .64
1.63
1.59

1.69
1.72
1.71
1.65

477
3
474

85
3
82

83
63
20

170
96
74

48
48

573

27

7

1

3

86

-

13

10

17

24

40

4

-

183
131
52

131
27
104
95

62
42

227
174
53

63

1

2

1
22

6

186
117
69
37
15
7
4

13

6

-

21

59
56

456
1

455
4
40
411
72
20

52
4
13
60
24
36
10
26

29
29
29

49
50
138
126
126

100

18
17
42

58
39
19

41
4
37

56
4

25

1

281
193

21

262
228
34
17

13

6

52
19
33
19
14

29
5
24

53

54

2

23
35
24

121
12

3
5
91
10

20

4
9

4
5

20

15

_

12
12

21

42
3

1

1

38

-

_
_

29

-

5

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

1

_

_
-

_
-

-

_
_

13

8

2
7
6

71
30
41
-

10
11

88

48
28
124
86

38
29
6

26

20

27
24

34
29

22
22

16
16

12
12

64
64

9
9
15
7

7
7

26

5

11

-

15

-

12

5
4

“

1

2

3

1

1

_

_

_

-

12

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

12
12

25

8
8

12
6
6

11

_

3

-

-

2

296
267
29
18

262
191
71
_

395
273

64

68

68

377
331
46
_
9
35

359
141
218

1

259
182
77
_
9

97
45
52
45
3

39
25
14

83
34
49
45
4

31
14
17
13
4

152
no
42
35

53
46
7

49
13
36
34

90
70

24
16

20
20

8
6

124
94
30
30

4
-

39

_

_

3

12

-

-

19

25

29

59
32
27

48
21

10

12

12

13

9

2
2

6
6

_

2

10

77
55

5
5
4

1

21

62
62
_

4
4
4
-

2

7
18
13
27

1

7

11
2

~

122

7
41

2

-

1

101
11

52
163

28
61

241
95
146
16
85
45

78
30
48
45
3

217
65
152
144
-

83
34
49
17
32

38
31
7

17

1
_

72
47
25
23

12

2

11

8

7

4
4

4
3

23
18
5

18
18
-

16

9

1

9
3

45
17
28
26

40
23
17

28

28

35

22
6

11

32
29
3

10

5

1

22

6
2

17
16

27

350
249

10

25

_

2

184
133
51

333
41
292
14

26
25
49

247

108

210

247
130
17

108
30
78

53

100

403

493
76
417
40
377

6

20

43
40
3

383
273

139
136
3
3

291
104
187
187

15
15

_

2
2

69
69

-

-

60
25
35
4
25

87
45
42
17
23

38
16

44
4
40
13
9

47
15
32
31

55
30
25
24

20

-

22
1

19
3
17
17

39
5
34

43
37

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

_
_




-

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

1

32
24

_

_

8

-

-

30
17
13

24
24

_

12
12

_

_

20

~
'

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

00 — 20
4

27

17

13

-

103

239
62
177
99
35
16
18
9

8
8

-

30

36

80

-

207

519
398

35
7
28
26

-

20

3

12
12

2 .8 8

31
27
4

550
466
84

30
30
30
“

_

9

95

25

96
44
52
4
23

-

86

20 b
120
86

133
17
116
33
48

2.87
2.82
2.94

72
7
65

19

73

1

105
41
64

715
145
570
4
33
61
34
438

1

1

94
31
63

63

547

72
39
33

73
44
29

244
144

42

1

182
113
69

3

-

-

67
43
24

326
50
276
37

6

-

272
224
48

3

1

328
328
16
2 77
35

1

96
56
40

265 1520
86
153
179 1367
2
19
36
9
1
159 1320

563
15

10

65
27
38
24

88

25
6*

77

1.572.121.571.551.641.54-

i.72

353

-

252

-

2.2 2

252

-

4 1532

-

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

'

16

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings1
2

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

Under
S
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

759
287
472
176

$
2.71
2.77
2.67
2.45

$
'$
$
2.79
2.38- 3.06
2.88
2.37- 3.12
2.76 2.41- 3.04
2.06- 2.83
2.43

TR UC K D R I V E R S 6 ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------5
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------SERVICES ------------------------

4,603
938
3, 665
1,858
1,258
471
64

3.21
3.0 3
3.26
3.51
3.04
2.99
2.47

3.50
2.98
3.51
3.54
2.88
2.93
2.45

2.342.612.383.512.732.812.35-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

347
203
144

2.72
2.91
2.46

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,800
438
1,362
379
727
235

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

%

(
2 .2 0

$
2.. 3 0

$
2 ,. 4 0

t
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

S

$

S

t

2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

S

1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$

1 .7 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

t
3 .6 0

i
3 .8 0

*
4 .0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.. 4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4.21

30
16
14

47
24

31
25
6

49
24
25
13

50
6
44
17

33
13
20

59
4
55
13

70
21
49
19

38

139
38
101

53
45
8

3

3

-

-

2

-

65
22
43
22

~

3
3

3
3

28
8
20

65

75
30
45

139

247

462
64

129
26
103

167
45

468
106

2020
69

312
174

68
68

1
10

-

362
245

1951
1554

-

2
18
-

122
32

138

l

-

-

23
3

42
45

117
-

261
136

138
-

-

12
21

280
56
224
9
177
27

“

”

“

28
12
16

20
8

52
49

9
8
1

34
9
25

$

and
under
1 .5 0

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

t

1 .5 0

l
1 .6 0

%

19

7

7

25

3

-

-

31
29

7
4

12
13
13

24
12
12

-

31

-

-

-

7
4

3.56
3.60
3.56
3.57
3.53
3.51
2.62

-

_
-

“

~

2.58
2.59
2.47

2.31- 3.09
2.44- 3.83
2.09- 2.99

_

_

-

-

13
-

-

“

~

13

~

3.01
3.08
2.99
3.46
2.80
2.84

2.89
3.08
2.88
3.52
2.81
2.89

2.732.662.763.362.682.83-

3.43
3.64
3.34
3.56
2.86
2.96

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

1,642
168
1,474
923
413

3.49
3.03
3.54
3.55
3.58

3.54
3.05
3.55
3.55
3.57

3.512.763.523.523.52-

3.58
3.33
3.58
3.57
3.72

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TR AILER TYPE) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

603
54
549
422
85

3.33
2.85
3.37
3.56
2.71

3.53
2.82
3.54
3.55
2.68

3.242.513.503.522.33-

3.57
3.26
3.57
3.57
2.87

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

16

27

5

16

26

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

11
16

1
4

12
4

2
24

1
3

27
3
24

-

-

-

16

16

4

4

4

3

24

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,757
1, 144
613
121
272

3.05
3.03
3.08
2.73
3.01

3.13
3.09
3.21
2.79
3.13

2.632.502.782.542.76-

3.60
3.64
3.50
3.23
3.25

_

_

_

_

_

26

_

4

135

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

l

-

-

-

115
83
32
20

149
81
68

-

130
5
-

61
60

26
26

45
38
7
-

77

-

54
54

39
15
24
-

“

~

“

“

“

“

-

1

~

4

7

“

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

183
178

2.63
2.62

2.58
2.57

2.32- 2.99
2.30- 2.98

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

27
27

3
3

9
9

6
6

15
15

-

13

13

-

“

-

-

12

-

23

13

41

14

“

9

-

-

1

13
-

29

6

12

-

~

7

1
2

~

_

13

70
29

13

23
21

”

24

_

_

”

16

12
12

-

-

29
17

15
7

3
-

-

~

12

8

3

_

_

13

-

41
12
29

B

-

2

9
8

s

1

-

-

~

~

13

31
34

14

~

29

_

H

-

1

~

4

3

61
47
14

10

12
3
9

222
41
181

103
144

398

-

-

114

296
98
2

25
2

34
4

13
4
80
2

26

4

34

2

2

22

-

-

-

13

4

4

3
31

1

2

158
49
109

389
21
368

101
14
87

58
11

242
20

47

222
133
89

-

12

173
7

107

12

16
10
6

65
51
14

2

270
98

14
12
2

s h ifts .

51
26
12
9

32
32

12

3
64

15
15

7
6

7
7

283
24
259

_
~

172
172

_

-

_

“

~

“

1227

138

22

121
65
56

22

4
80

2

1
-

1

15
2

9

13

-

12

108
31

“

9

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te
3 F o r defin it ion of t e r m s , se e footn ot e 2, table A - l .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , as d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




_
-

“

-

~

13

-

16

-

28
28

11
12
23

52
30

15
2
13
12
1

11
11

23
1
22

21
21

-

-

-

225
138
87
8
49

215
46
169

30
30

9
5

-

40
125

235
24

-

-

1227
895

138

223

-

68
68

_
'
_

138

436

-

-

2
2

436
422
14

-

156

441
441

2
154
-

"

-

~

“

5
5

1

1

-

_

_

~

_

17

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st ud ied in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
Inex p erien ced typists

M inim um w eek ly straigh t-tim e salary

1

Other in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

M anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of -------

All
industrie s

All
schedules

3 7 y2

All
schedules

40

36 y4

37 y 2

All
schedules

40

N onm anuf acturing

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of ------

All
industrie s

37 y 2

All
schedules

40

36 y4

37 y 2

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

309

92

XXX

XXX

217

XXX

XXX

XXX

309

92

XXX

XXX

217

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

158

58

15

39

100

11

23

45

167

60

16

40

107

12

27

46

1

1

4

1

1

3

1

2

8

1

2
1

3
3
3

$ 5 2 ,5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0

anri u n r l p r

$ 5 5 .0 0

and

under

$ 5 7 .9 0

$5 7 .5 0 and u n d e r

$ 6 2 .5 0

and

under

_
...

... ....

..................

6
1

$ 6 0 .0 0

$ 6 0 .0 0

2
.

......... .

............. .

... _.

...................... .

19

...

._

$ 6 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________________________________________________
$ 5 5 .0 0

and

under

38

$ 6 7 .5 0

$ 6 7 .5 0

and

under

$ 7 0 .0 0

$ 7 0 .0 0

and

under

$ 7 2 .5 0

$ 7 2 ,5 0

and

under

$ 7 5 .0 0

and

under

$ 7 7 .5 0

$ 7 5 .0 0
$77

50 and

under
under

$ 8 2 ,5 0

and

under
under

.............

.

20

31

........
....
..

.

..

.

___

$ 8 7 .5 0

$ 8 7 ,5 0

and

under

.................. .
3

$ 0 0 ,0 0

.

...

and u n d e r

$ 9 2 .5 0

__________ _________ __________

$ 9 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r
$95 00 and u n d e r

$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

_______ ____
........

$97

$ 1 0 0 .0 0

$ 9 0 .0 0

50 and

under

$ 10 0 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 . 5 0
$ 10 2 . 50 a nd u n d e r $ 105 . 0 0 _ ___
TTd ta hli

sh m sn ts

ha

v in g

no

6
12
2
2

....

_ _ ______
....................... ..
..................
.... .

.

_____________________________________ ________

s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h di d not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in thi s ca te g o ry
.... ._
.... _ .........
..... . .. .

.......

_

1

6

1

_

1

4

-

8
12
2

1

5

12

4

8
1

19
4

5

2
12

3

14
5

4

2
2

3
23
13
41

20

5
_

_

2
2
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

1

2

1

_

1

_

_

_

.....

. .

1

5

1
1

1

3

4

8
1
2
1
2
1

1

1
1

12
2

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

5

_

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

2

1

_

_

1
1
1

_

_

1

_

18

XXX

XXX

53

XXX

XXX

XXX

85

80

16

XXX

XXX

64

XXX

XXX

XXX

57

2

6

1

4

5
1
2
1
1
1

_
_

1

_

_

_

_
_

_

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m st a rt i n g (h i ri n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e pai d f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D at a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




3

21

_

_

1

2

7

1

1
1
1

l

1

3

1

_

_

5

6
10
2

_

_

_

4

5
3
5

3

_

_

20

8
21

1
2
1

1

2
2

2
1
1

3

1

1
2
1

7

_

1

16

5

2
2

4

_

_

_

4
3
14
4

_

5

_

12

31
5
13

1

3

3
5

_

1

3
5

11

1
7

1

1
1
_

_

8

4
3
5
4
5

_

1

5
3
18

71

...

. . . . . . . . . . .
______

1

_

................

$ 8 5 .0 0

and

. .... ._

$ 8 2 .5 0

$ 8 5 ,0 0

......

$ 8 0 .0 0

and

$ 8 0 .0 0

8

1

_

_

1

_

2

_

_

2

_

_

1
1
2

26

XXX

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

51

XXX

XXX

XXX

standard w o rk w e e k s .

1

_

18




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S hi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty pe and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g pl ant w o r k e r s —

Shi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l
p rov ision s 1 fo r—
T h ir d o r other
s h i ft w o r k

S e c o n d sh i ft
work

T o t a l ________________________________________________

W i t h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) -------------------- -----------------

A ctu ally w ork in g on—

S e c o n d sh if t

T h ird o r other
s h i ft

81. 0

69. 5

14. 0

4. 8

79. 1

68. 5

13. 8

4. 8

29. 1

6. 5

2. 7

35. 1

4 c e n t s ___________________________________________
5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________________________
7 o r 7 V2 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
9 c e n t s ___________________________________________
10 c e n t s
............
1 1 l ! z c e n t s ________________________________
_ _
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
1 2 V2 c e n t s _______________________________________
13 o r 14 c e n t s __________________________________
15 c e n t s __________________________________________
16 o r 17 c e n t s __________________________________
19 o r 2 0 c e n t s __________________________________
2 1 V3 o r 25 c e n t s _____________ _________________
O v e r 25 c e n t s _____________ ____________________

.7
4. 6
3. 1
1. 2
3. 0
. 8
11. 7
1.4
.4
2. 6
1. 8
1. 6
1. 2

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ---------------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
7 o r 7 V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________
10 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
12 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
1 2 V2 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t _______________________________________

_

.
.
.
.
.
.

_

2

1 .6
2. 0

(1
2)
. 6
. 3
. 5
. 3
.2

. 2
. 2
. 2
. 4
. 1
. 1
. 2
. 3
. 1
. 1
. 6
. 1
. 2

37. 5

33. 9

6. 2

1. 6

5. 0
6. 6
23.9

2. 0

. 6
. 6
4. 6
. 2
. 1

_
. 2
1. 1
. 1
. 1
. 2

. 8
-

3. 1
-

1. 0
3. 2
.8
1. 5
3. 8
2. 0
3. 9
2. 2
3. 2

-

.8

6 .4
18. 4
1. 7
1 .9
3. 5

-

1. 3
.7

7
8

3
4
2

1.9
-

. 3

F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______________

. 8

. 8

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

5. 7

4. 7

1. 0

.4

1.9

1. 0

. 3

( 2)

W i t h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s ,
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

and

e sta b lis h m e n ts with f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s

covering

la t e

shifts

19

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours1
5
4
3
2
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W eekly hours

AH
in dustries

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

U n d e r 35 h o u r s ________________________________________
35 h o u r s
O v e r 35 and u n d e r 3 6 V4 h o u r s _____________________
3 6 V4 h o u r s .
O v e r 36V4 and u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ___________________
3 7 V? h o u r s
.................
...
_ ..
38 h o u r s _ ........... .
. ......
382 h o u r s .
/3
38 3 4 h o u r s ...
/
_ ..
. ___ ... .. ..
_
40 h o u r s _
._
.. ..........
O v e r 40 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s ________________________
44 and u n d e r 48 h o u r s _______________________________
48 h o u r s _
. .. _
_
_
O v e r 48 h o u r s ..

2
2
.

1
2
3
4
5

(5 )
1
3
2
2
(5 )
76
2
4
4
1

Manu­
facturing

P ublic
utilities 3

W holesale
trade

100

100

100

3
.
.
3
.
.
_
82
1
6
4
1

-

4
2
5
.
.
86
2

-

.
.
.
.
97
-

100

Services

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilities3

R etail
trade

W holesale
trade

F inance4

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

12
1
7
5
29
5
1
3
37
-

10
-

1
-

8

5
4
10
11
53
6
.

13
.
.
2
_
3
71
4

11
_
10
.
19
8
11
12
28
-

16
2
16
14
36
11
_
.
5
-

12
3
(5 )
24
_
.
10
50
-

6

-

(5)

2
-

-

-

6

3

1

(*)
(5 )

(5 )
2
19
1
_
2
66
-

46
_
53
-

1
1
30
_
9
49
2

4

S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e the w e e k l y h o u r s w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e
I n c l u d e s data f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o se in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




O ffice w o rk e r s
R etail
trade

expected

to w o r k ,

w hether

-

th ey w e r e

-

-

pa i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e

-

or

overtim e

rates.

20
T a b le B-4.

Paid H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
I t em

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa i d h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------

O ffice w o rk e r s

All
in dustries1

Manu­
facturing

P ublic
u tilities1
2

W h olesale
trade

Retail
trade

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

Manu­
f a c t u r in g

P ublic
utilities 2

W holesale
trade

R etail
trade

F inance 3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93

94

99

100

100

100

98

100

99

7

2

Services

All
industries

6

( 4)

10
20
6
19
(4 )
22
6
1
9
-

( 4)
(4 )
1

2

1

N u m b er of days
L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 ha lf d a y ----------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s pl u s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s pl u s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s pl u s 3 ha lf d a y s -------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s pl u s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s pl u s 2 ha lf d a y s -------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s pl us 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s pl us 2 ha lf d a y s ________________________
11 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s pl us 1 ha lf d a y -------------------------------------1 1 h o l i d a y s pl us 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
1 2 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s pl u s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------

2
6
4
1
21
1
1
23
2
2
19
4
2
7
(4 )
1
1

1
3
4
1
23
2
2
24
4
4
13
6
4
7
1
1

-

2
2
13
19
36
39
66

10
5
5
11
52
2
14
-

3
9
2
18
31
28
1
-

-

1
1
10
14
35
37
62
63
84
84
89
95
95
96
96
96
97

1
2
2
26
13
2
40
1
13
-

(4 )
8
1
(4 )
18
3
1
20
4
2
32
3
1
1
5

(4 )
3
1
8
2
29
9
4
9
9
6
18
2
(4 )

_
1
(4)
9
9
1
56
1
17
7

.
(4)
1
5
17
42
1
34
-

-

_
3
15
4
45
17

_
(4 )
1
18
2
58
7
1
12

(4)
3
7
4

_
1
2
34
1
1
34
12
2
13
-

T otal holiday tim e 5
I 2 V2 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------I I V 2 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
IOV2 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________ _______
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e _________________________________________

68

91
92
97
99
100
100
100
100
100

13
14
54
56
69
69
95
95
97
99
99
99
1 00
1 00
100

14
16
68
68
79
79
85
85
90
100
100
100
100
1 00
1 00

1
1
1
29
29
60
60
78
78
80
89
89
89
89
91
93

9
11
17
17
38
38
58
58
64
84
86

94
94
94
94

5
6
10
44
48
69
71
89
90
98
98
98
98
99
99
99
99
99

I n c l u d e s data f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f ful l an d h a lf d a y s that a d d to the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
no ha lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s the n w e r e c u m u l a t e d .
1
2
3
4
5




2
2
27
36
49
57
86
88

96
97
99
99
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00

7
7
25
25
81
81
90
90
99
99
99

34
35
76
76
94
94
98
98
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

re c e iv in g a total

12
13
20
78
81
98
98
99
99
99
99

4
4
11
14
14
31
31
76
80
96
96
96
98
98
98
98
98
98

of 9 days in clu des

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

those

13
15
27
28
62
63
96
96
98
99
99
99
99
99
99

w it h 9 fu ll d a y s an d

21
T a b le B-5.

Paid V a c a tio n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
O ffice w ork ers

P la n t w o r k e r s
V acation policy

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

All
in d u stries2

Manu­
f a c t u r in g

Public
utilities 3

W holesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
in dustries

Manu­
facturing

P ublic
u tilities3

W h olesale
trade

Retail
trade

F ina nce 4

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
88
12
-

100
83
17
-

100
95
5
-

100
100

100
81
19
-

100
99
( 5)
-

100
99
1

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

100
100
-

-

-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

17
26
3
3

28
19
1

_
20
9
38

7
43
3
2

7
43
-

3
18
12
1

2
55
11
3

3
65
3
-

-

-

-

4
57
8
9
-

1
21
13
44

-

5
45
9
24
1

"

-

-

8
34
8
46
2

3
49
25
9
-

27
73

36
64

56
44

9
86
1
4

14
85
1

14
86
-

9
91
-

22
78
-

11
83
7

-

-

-

"

_
88
12

5
92
3

3
11
86

-

"

-

86
2
12

92
7

-

98
2

-

-

2
98
-

-

M ethod of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------------O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

-

-

-

A m ou n t o f v acation pay 6
A fter 6 months of se rvice
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 1 a nd u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

-

After 1 year of service

-

-

-

-

64
30
6

2

-

-

"

-

33
6
57
2
2

48
11
36
3
2

25
74

20
1
79

11
87

-

-

-

15
2
77
6

1

-

1

-

2
1
90
2
5

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6
12
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 \K 0q
,
/0 I
S
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____________________________
_ __ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_______
78
2
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2

8
21
66
3
2

5
5
90

1
-

97

-

-

-

6

-

1

7
2
84
6
1

( 5)
91
3
5

( 5)
2
94
4
1

0
( 5)
90
3
6

( 5)
2
91
4
3

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

61

1
37
1
1

72
1
26

-

A fter 2 y ears of s e rv ice
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

.

1

-

After 3 years of service
5
-

89

0

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

99

98

-

95
3

92
7

1

-

2

84
2
13

2
95
3
-

-

-

98
2

84
3
13

1
92
7

-

1

( 5)

After 4 years of service
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
10
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------79
2
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
4
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------( 5)

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




6
19
67
3
5

2

5
5
86

-

-

97

-

-

-

5
1

4

1

86
6
1

-

92

1

7

-

99
1

( 5)

22
T a b le B-5.

Paid V a c a t io n s 1
----- C on tinu ed

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V acation p olicy

All
in du stries 2

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

W holesale
trade

O ffice w ork er s
Retail
trade

Services

All
industries

( 5)
86
10
3

( 5)
61
6
33

Manu­
fa c t u r i n g

Public
utilities 3

W holesale
trade

R etail
trade

F inance 4

Services

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n pa y 6---- C o n t i n u e d
After 5 years of service
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
79
4
17

_
83
5
12

_

( 5)

-

( 5)
21
6
62

_
22
11
61

97

(5)
10

-

-

-

-

7

1

7

29

91
-

8
1

-

_
84
4
12

_
96

-

"

( 5)
32
4
61
2
1

( 5)
13
3
77
1
6

_
21
3
72
1
3

"

-

-

( 5)
31
4
62
2
1

( 5)
10
4
79
1
6

14
6
75
1
3

-

-

-

( 5)
24
4
60
4
8

( 5)
4
1
81
3
13

“

( 5)
24
4
53
4
15

2
83
15

59
41

-

-

-

2
20
4
66

_
18

4

2
78
20

_
57
43

_
35
10
55

_
53
9
38

-

-

-

-

-

_
6

2
35

_
12

-

-

-

94

56
3
4

-

-

30

2

-

"

-

3

2
29

12

-

-

-

97

62
3
4

58
-

-

30

2

-

-

-

3

2
12

4

-

-

-

89

71

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

_
2
-

-

53

"

-

-

58

_
4
5
90

_
9
4
65
3
19
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s __________ ____________________________________

_

_

2
15
4
72

_

( 5)
17
8
64

16
13
63

99

( 5)
10

-

-

-

-

7

-

7

(5)

-

1

-

29
"

(5)
11

2
9

16

-

-

-

18
-

53

_

_
-

_

_
4
5
90

_
8
4
66
3
19
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
66
1
22

_

_

7
-

-

78

76

( 5)
14

( 5)

66

_
35

-

-

-

23
1

22

49

-

_
5
1
84

_

_
52

_
( 5)

-

-

-

-

10

8

15

44

88
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)
3

_

_

_

3

2
12

_

5

3

-

_
6
4
68
3
19
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 5)
10

_

_

6

-

( 5)
35
1
51
2

-

-

-

-

39
1
53
1

37

37

15

-

-

-

62
1

43
7

68
2

( 5)
10

6

2
8

15

( 5)
25
1
59

-

-

-

-

26
1
61

-

29

15

-

-

-

99

52

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

4
1

1

7

4

-

-

"

-

2
9

_

15

"

( 5)
39
2
55
1

-

-

-

-

-

25

46

32

24

-

-

-

-

50

50
4

69
4

52
4
44

2
10

.

_

3

-

69
( 5)

-

_
6
4
45
3
43
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




_

_

( 5)
24
4
50
4
18

( 5)
3
( 5)
18

_

_

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

18

5

32

-

-

73
4

92
-

47
8

24
69
4

12

-

“

"

“

( 5)
73
2
2
( 5)

( 5)

-

82
6

_
6
4
38
3
50
-

-

-

-

■

23
T a b le B-5.

P aid V a c a t io n s 1
----- C on tin u ed

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of pla nt an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n pa y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

M anu­
A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1 fa c t u r in g
2

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tra de

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

W h o l e s a le
tra de

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

_

_

2
10
32
47

_

_

_

5
17
74
3
2

3
5
92
-

3
24
_

-

6
4
38
3
50

( 5)

S e rv ice s

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 3

( 5)
3

_
5

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

S e rv ice s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w eeks
. _ ....
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w eeks
._
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 5)
10
( 5)
25
1
60
-

3
2

_
6
-

26
1
62
2
3

97
3
-

2
8
2,9
52
-

7

_
15
15
66
4

-■

_
15

-

-

-

-

2
8

(5)
24
4
50
4
18
-

( 5)
3
( 5)
18
( 5)
73
1
3

69
4

-

( 5)

8

12
81
3
4

-

-

-

-

_

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w eek _
...
....
. ...
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s __
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s __________________________________________

( 5)
10
(5)
25
1
59
3
2
( 5)

_
6
-

26
1
61
3
3

-

97
3
-

29
52
7
-

15
64
4
2

( 5)
24
4
50
4
18
-

( 5)
18
( 5)
73
4
( 5)
1

-

17
73
4
2

_
3
-

5
92
( 5)

2
10
32
47
8
-

_
3
_
24
66
4
_
3

_
-

12
81
4
_
3

6
4
38
3
50
_
_

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r ’ ’ e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l ” b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a lify in g le n g th s
of se r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




24
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 B o s t o n , M a s s ., S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A l l w o r k e r s ________ _______ ______________________

A ll
in d u s t r i e s 1
2

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

100

100

100

100

90

94

97

98

68

71

76

70

R e t a il
tra d e

100

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

86

78

98

96

54

69

66

74

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

99

97

94

100

97

80

64

59

56

80

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ____________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ________________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5_____ ____ __________________

87

89

91

93

89

72

87

94

99

84

90

78

87

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------- -------- --------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ______________________________

68

80

41

54

58

56

49

68

32

47

49

38

47

24

12

24

52

40

37

70

73

77

58

45

74

71

14

6

43

9

32

-

6

3

12

9

35

( 6)

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _______________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ______________________________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n pla n ______

92
92
88
66
74
3

99
99
94
78
81
1

100
100
95
88
84

98
95
90
65
82

79
79
79
40
70
3

81
81
74
44
46
19

97
97
95
87
85
( 6)

99
99
97
91
87
1

100
100
97
96
83

98
96
96
80
65

83
83
83
54
75
2

98
98
98
93
94

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d ,
show n s e p a r a te ly .

a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d

s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,

s o c ia l

s e c u r ity ,

96
96
88
82
75
1

andr a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .

S ic k le a v e p la n s
a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .

at l e a s t

25
Table B-7. Premium Pay for Overtime Work
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t e m b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p a y p o l ic y

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 1
2

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

O ffice w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 2

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 3

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

80

89

99

68

70

50

52

76

94

52

68

16

70

80

89

97

68

68

50

52

76

92

52

68

15

70

2
2
1
75
1

3
3
83

97
2

2
4
62

3
47

2
4
7
55

-

-

3
1
11
2

1
19
9
40

-

41
51
2

1
7
43

~

1
7
2
42
1

2
2
73

-

2
66
2

20

11

32

30

50

48

24

6

48

32

84

30

99

100

100

99

97

97

99

99

99

99

99

98

96

99

100

98

99

96

97

99

99

98

99

99

98

93

2

3
3

-

2
4

3
19
72
1
2

-

10
9
22
50
“

8
5
1
85
“

1
3
20
9
60

(? )
(6)

6
1
7
3
82
“

9

(? )
(6)

1
5
1
93
-

1
41

3
93

2
4
9
3
80

(6)

( )

2

4

D a i ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r:
U n d e r l ll i h o u r s _________________ __________
7 l/ 2 h o u r s ____________________________________
O v e r 7 Y2 an d u n d e r 8 h o u r s _____________
8 h o u r s _______________________________________
O t h e r p r e m i u m r a t e s ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5----------------------------------------------------

-

-

W e e k ly o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pa y 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e an d o n e - h a l f ______________________ __________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s __________
37V2 h o u r s ___________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s __________
4 0 h o u r s _____________________________________
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ______________________________
O t h e r p r e m i u m r a t e s -------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5__________________________________

(6)
3
4
89
(6 )
1

_

-

93

98

93

-

-

-

"

2

“

-

1

3

-

3

(6)

-

55
2

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th o u g h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a ll y d o n o t
f o r p r e m iu m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r the f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m iu m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p l e , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r t im e an d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 and d o u b le tim e a f t e r
an d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 h o u r s .
S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a ll in g f o r n o p a y o r p a y a t a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s a n d t im e an d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 40 h o u r s w o u ld b e
40 h o u r s .
5 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l i c y ,
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




(6 )
3

w o r k o v e r t i m e . G r a d u a t e d p r o v is i o n s
10 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s tim e
c o n s i d e r e d a s t im e an d o n e - h a l f a ft e r
o v e r tim e

is n o t w o r k e d .

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau1s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers* bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

26

27

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’ s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
sucii as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g. , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

28

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
ninor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
nail, and other minor clerical work.
;e c r e t a r y
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Mainnins a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
ictivities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
hoard or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

29

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e.g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, etc. ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for ca lls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e.g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




30

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabula ting-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND P O WE R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths wdth chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L A ND M A T E R I A L MOVE MENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truck driver, light (under 1V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




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☆ U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 — 303-602/30

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b ull etin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in dica ting d a te s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the bulletin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Superin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton, D . C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

Bu lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , Ohio, July 1967 1 _________________________________
Albany—S ch e n e ct a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 ___________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . — J . ,
N.
F e b . 1967 --------------------------------------------------------------------------Atla nta, G a ., M a y 1967 __________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
Bea um ont—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x ., May 1967 ____
O
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 * __________________________
B o i s e C ity, Idaho, July 1967 ____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , Sep t. 1 967 1 _____________________________

1 5 3 0-8 6 ,
1 5 3 0-6 2 ,
1 5 3 0-6 0 ,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

1 53 0 -5 3 ,
1 5 30-7 1,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 5 3 0-6 3 ,
1 57 5 -3 ,
1575-13,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 cen ts
20 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

B u ffa lo , N . Y . , D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t ., M a r. 1967 1 ____________________________
Canton, O h io , A p r . 1967 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a ., A p r . 1967 --------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1967 ______________________________
Ch atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , A u g . 1967 ____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d . , M a r . 1967 __________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1966 1____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1966 *________________________________

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 5 7 5-7 ,
1530-73,
1 5 3 0-5 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

D a v e n p o r t— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O ct . 1967---------------------------------------------------------------------------D a yton , O hio, Jan. 1967 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1966________________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1967 ___________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , N o v. 1966 1__________________________
G r e e n Bay, W i s . , July 1967 ____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , May
1967 ____________________________
H ousto n , T e x . , June 1967 ________________________________
I n d ia na p o lis, Ind., D e c . 1966____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1967 ______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1967 1 __________________________
K a nsa s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1966____________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1967 _________
Lit tl e R o c k —
North L ittle R o c k , A r k . , July 1967 ______
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1967 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky,—I n d . , F e b . 1967 1 _______________________
L u b b o ck , T e x . , June 1967 _______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J uly 1967____________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1967 _______________________
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1966___________________________________
Midland and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1967 _________________

 on e s ta b lis h m e n t
D ata


A rea

B u lle tin n um be r
and p r i c e

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1967 1_____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. Paul, Min n., Jan. 1967 1_________ ________
M u sk e g o n —M u sk e g o n H e igh ts , M i c h . , M a y 1967 _________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b . 1967 ______________
New H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1967 _____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1 ___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y ., A p r . 1967 1--------------------------------------------N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pto n, Va ., June 1967 1______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., July 1967 _________________________

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1 5 3 0 -4 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 53 0 -5 5 ,
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30 ce n ts
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25 ce n ts
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40 ce n ts

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25ce nts
20ce nts

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25 ce n ts
20 c e n ts
20 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O ct. 1966___________________________
C
P
P a t e r s o n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., May 1967 _____________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — .J ., Nov. 1966 1______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r. 1967 _______________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1967 1______________________________
P o r t la n d , M ain e, Nov. 1966_______________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1967 ______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u ck e t— a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
May 1967 1 ..........................................................................................
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1967 1 -----------------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a ., Nov. 1966________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., Ma y 1967 __________________________________

1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1530-67,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
1 5 3 0-5 9 ,
1 5 3 0-4 6 ,
1 5 3 0-1 7 ,
1 5 3 0-7 9 ,

25 ce nts
25cen ts
35cen ts
20cen ts
30cen ts
20cents
25cen ts

1 5 3 0-7 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 3 ,
1 5 3 0-6 8 ,

30cen ts
25ce nts
25ce nts
20cen ts

1 575-1 2,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
153 0-4 4 ,
1 5 3 0-4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 7 5-5 ,
15 3 0 -6 6 ,
1 53 0 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

25 cen ts
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
20 cen ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

111., O ct. 1966 1----------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o .—
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , June 1967 1 ___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
A u g. 1967 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1967 1_____________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1966----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., May 1967 _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , July 1967 1 -----------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., O ct. 1966_______________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
153 0-8 4 ,

30cen ts
25cen ts
25cen ts

1575- 10,
1 5 3 0-2 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 5 3 0-69,
1 5 7 5 -9 ,
1 5 3 0-2 2 ,

30cents
25cen ts
30cen ts
20cen ts
20cen ts
25cents
25 cents

1 5 3 0-4 3 ,
1 53 0 -3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 6 ,
1 53 0 -7 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 ,

20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 cen ts

1 5 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 5 3 0-4 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 5 ,
15 7 5 - 1 ,
1 5 3 0-4 0 ,
1 5 3 0-3 1 ,
1 5 3 0-7 8 ,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 c e n ts

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South Ben d, Ind., M a r. 1967 ______________________________
Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1967 1 ______________________________
T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , A u g. 1967 -----------------------T o l e d o , Ohio—M ic h . , F e b . 1 9 6 7 * _________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
W a sh in gto n, D . C . —Md.— a . , Sept. 1967_________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r. 1967 ------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1966 1______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1-----------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1967 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1967 ------------------- -------------------- --------- -------Y o u n gs to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1966___________________
W

1 5 3 0-1 2 ,
1 53 0 -5 7 ,
153 0-8 0 ,
15 7 5-8 ,
153 0-5 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 575-1 1,
1 5 3 0-5 4 ,
1 5 3 0-2 1 ,
1 5 3 0-1 1 ,
153 0-8 1 ,
1530-47,
1 5 3 0 -2 9 ,

20ce nts
20cen ts
25 cen ts
25ce nts
30ce n ts
25ce n ts
25ce nts
20cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25cen ts
25ce n ts
25cen ts

p r a c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w age provisions are also p rese n ted .