View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey

The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area
November 1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -3 4




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

IOWA

NE8R

C h icag o

KANS

OK LA

------r - ^ - T S C
A LA \

^

VIRGIN ISLANDS

\

^ A tla n ta

Dallas

G IO N »V j

REGION VI
j il---- --

PUERTO RICO

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey
The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area




N ovem ber 1969

B ullentin

1660-34
March 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




C on ten ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s detailed d ata by se le c te d in dustry div isio n for each
of t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s.

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

A t th e e n d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , t w o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into
on e b u l l e t i n .
The se c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo rm a tio n w hich h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s an d the U n ite d S t a t e s .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n ____________________________________
w
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p ro v isio n s bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of t h e s u r v e y in
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , in N o v e m b e r 1969- T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of A d a C o u n t y . T h i s
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in S a n
F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A d o l p h O.
B e r g e r , A s s is ta n t R egion al D ir e c to r for O p eration s.




1
3

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the B o i s e C ity a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
building t r a d e s .

iii

2
4
5
6
6
7
7
8




Area Wage Survey
The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.

th ere

is

p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an ufactu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other public u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajo r
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in d ivid u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o ccu p atio n s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g th e j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b ulletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se tab u latio n s is co lle c te d b iennially.
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only): Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




1




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in B o i s e C ity , I d a h o , 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 19 6 9

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p g
of study

In dustry d ivision

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________
M anufacturing
N on m an ufacturing
____ ____ __________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
other pub lic u tilitie s 5
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 _ ____
R etail trade
__ ____ ______ ___ ___ _________
_
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ______
S e r v i c e s 6 7_ . .
_______ _
_
. . .

N um ber of estab lish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
of stu d y 3

Studied

57

56

8 , 333

100

8 ,2 5 1

-

16
41

15
41

2, 432
5 , 901

29
71

2 , 350
5 , 901

50
50
50
50
50

10
5
16
4
6

10
5
16
4
6

2 , 093
569
1 ,8 8 8
858
493

25
7
23
10
6

2 , 093
569
1 ,8 8 8
858
493

.
50

Studied
Numbe r

Percent

1 T h e B o i s e C it y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f A d a C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e
la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 19 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s
in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r o n e - f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e B o i s e C ity a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s _____3 0
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____22
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______2 0
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b li s h in g __________ 16
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 7
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 5

S a w m i l l s a n d p la n in g m i l l s ______ 30
M is c e lla n e o u s tr a n s p o r t a t io n
e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 20
D a i r y p r o d u c t s _____________________12
N e w s p a p e r s ________________________ 12
F a r m m a c h i n e r y ___________________ 7
F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e ta l

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r t o a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , exc lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(l) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h er-pay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
Th e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r ic a l ( m e n an d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C o n tin u e d
C a rp e n te rs
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
M a ch in ists
C lerics, a c c o u n tin g , c la s se s
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
C lerics, f i l e , c la s se s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o tiv e )
A an d B
P a in ters
A , B, and C
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fitte rs
C lerics, o rd er
c la s s B
T o o l an d d ie m a k e rs
C lerics, p a y ro ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A an d B
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
In d u strial nurses ( m e n an d w o m en ):
A and B
Ja n ito r s , p o rters, an d c le a n e r s
O ffic e b oys an d g irls
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3




T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W eekly S a l a r i e s an d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d
O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 a n d J u l y 1968
an d P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s

P eriod

O ffice
clerical
(m e n and
women)

Industrial
nur s e s
(m e n and
w om en)

S k illed
m a in t e n a n c e
trad es
(men)

U n s k i l le d
plan t
w orkers
(men)

I n d e x e s (M ay 1961 = 100)
N o v e m b e r 1969 ___ _____________________ ____
J u l y 1 9 6 8 ............................................................................

141.1
131.2

(J)
n

(M
C )

130.3
127.8

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
Ju ly
Ju ly
Ju ly
Ju ly
Ju ly
May
M ay
May
June

1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ____
___ —
J u l y 1968 _ ____ _____
J u l y 1 9 6 7 ___________________________
______
_ _
J u l y 1966
J u l y 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
J u l y 1 9 6 4 __________ _____________
M a y 1 9 6 3 ___________________________
M a y 1 9 6 2 ____ _____ _ __
—
M a y 1961___________________________

D a t a do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

7.5
4.4
4.8
3.0
5.6
3.6
3.9
2.6
2.9

(>

•

0
0
()

(>
()
(>

)
>
)
(>
()
(*)

<>
()
n

1.9
5.8
4.1
1.7
3.6
3.0
2.3
4.6
.3

5

A. O ccupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
IjWomen
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O cc u p atio n and in d u str y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

S

Average
weekly

(standard)

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

»

t

$

*

$

*

$

»

$

S

t

$

*

S

*

1

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

n o

1 15

120

125

13 0

13 5

1 AC

1A5

15C

1 60

1 70

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

12 0

125

1 30

1 35

1 AC

1A5

15C

16C

1 70

1 8C

5
A
1

6
6

2
2

A
A

2
2

3
1
2

_

_

5
A
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

“

_

“

2
1
1

_

_

16

"

-

an d

Middle range 2

lU n d e r

65
BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

31
2A
7

_

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

52
22
30

AO.O
95.50
90.50
AO.O
8A.50
8A.00
AO.O 103.50 115.50

82.00-116.00
79.00- 93 . OC
86.00-118.00

_

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

11
11

39.5
39.5

73.00
73.00

75.00
75.00

66.50- 80.00
66.50- 80.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2A
15

AO.O
AO.O

92.00
91.00

87.50
86.50

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

18
10

AO.O
AO.O

91.50
98.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

39
39
11

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

85.00
85.00
85.50

S E C R E T A R I E S 4--------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1A8
83

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

A5
27

$
86.00

o
o

_

-

$
81.00

Vl
J
0
1

2

_

39.5

O' W

_

AO .0 112.00 110.00 10C.00-123.50
AO.O 113.50 110.50 1C2.00-12A.00
A 0 .0 107.50 100.00
93.50-125.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

6

*

-

_

-

5
5
-

A
i
3

11

-

2
2

3
3

1
1

3
3

_

1
1

3
1

2
1

91.00
99.00

8A .00-101.00
89.50-107.00

_

-

-

86.00
86.00
90.00

77.00- 92.50
77.00- 92.50
80.00- 93.00

-

-

1
1
1

AO.O 116.50 116.00
AO.O 113.00 105.00

101.00-132.00
9A.00-132.50

-

3
3

1

~

2
2

80.00-109.00
81.00-105.00

_

_

1

2
-

_
_

_

AO.O 13A.50 136.50 1 1 9. 50 -1A8.0C
AO.O 130.00 130.00 115. 00 -1 52 .5C

_

_

A
1

3
2
1

5
A

3
3

3
1

*

1
1

-

1
-

5
1

3
2

2
"

3
3

1
1

7
7
1

5
5
1

6
6

5
5
1

12
12
5

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

6
2
A

_

9
9

5
5

11
11

18
9

12
3

8

15

i

8

2
2

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

i
i

_

A
A

2
2

11
3

10
1

7

7
7

i
i

6
6

6
5

1
1

-

21
9

9
8

2
1

3
2

15
15

3
3

1
1

17
1

15
2

A

2
2

3
3

-

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

*
_

7
A

2
8

7

_

_

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

67
22

AO.O
AO.O

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

31
29

AO.O
AO.O

92.00
92.00

90.00
90.00

8A .50-101.00
8A . 50-100.50

_

-

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

99
72

AO.O
AO.O

87.00
88.00

86.00
86.50

77.50- 9A.50
75.50-105.00

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

67
3A

AO.O 105.50 100.00
9 A . 50-117.00
AO.O 115.00 117.00 113.00-119.50

“

-

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

12
7

AO.O
39.5

82.50
89.00

82.50
92.50

72.00- 9A.50
82.50-105.00

1
1

1
-

3
-

-

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

10
7

39.5
39.5

81.50
85.50

77.50
80.00

73.00- 91.00
76.50- 95.00

-

1
1

3
-

3
3

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

23
22

AO.O
AO.O

76.00
76.00

7A.00
73.50

70.50- 83.50
70.50- 82.00

1
1

A
A

9
9

2
2

11A.O0 115.00 105.00-12A.00
11A.50 119.00
99.50-132.00

-

_

-

-

7

5
A

*
_

-

1
1
1A
13

12
11

15

_

_

8

6

1
1
-

3
2

3
3

5

16

i
i

A
i

~

i
i

“

3
3
-

10
A

ii

3
2

5
i

3

6

1

5

A

-

1C
5

2

i

10
3

7
1

A
3

1

i

i
i

3
3

1
1

_

2
2

-

12
A

9
3

5
5

2

i

9
2

3
2

5
5

3
2

3

2

3
3

1

-

-

_

i

-

_

_

-

-

i

2

-

1
1

18
18

-

_

_

1
1
1
1

A
3

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j c b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n the r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e than
th e h i g h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p ublic u tilitie s.
4 M a y include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




6
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o i s e C it y , Id a h o , N o v e m b e r 1 969)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1
s

Number

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h tt i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

s

weekly
hours
( standard)

n
8

* *
O O
O O

1

of

M ean

2

$
1 38.50
1 32.50

Median

115

s

s

s

s

s

s

2

$
1 35.00
13 3 .0 0

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

120

O ccupation and in d u stry div isio n

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

1
1

-

1
1

4
4

-

-

2
2

3

an d
under

Middle range ^

$
$
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .

salaries

( e x c lu siv e of pay fo r

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o i s e C i t y , Id a h o , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Ave rage
O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O FF IC E

Num ber
of

A verage
N um ber

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

of

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

6

3 9 .5

$
81 .0 0

CONTINUED

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS -

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

35
25
10

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

112.50
113.00
1 12.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

52
22
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0
84.50
1 03.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL ASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

11
11

3 9.5
3 9.5

73.00
73.00

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----NONMANUFACTURING

24
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

92.00
91.00

18
10

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

91.50
98.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS
NONMANUFACTURING

A

KEYPUNCH OPERATCRSt CL ASS B ------------N0NHANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

39
39
11

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 5 .00
8 5 .00
85.50

O F F IC E BOYS ANC G I R L S -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

9
6

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86.50
8 1.00

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

148
83

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6.50
1 1 3.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL A SS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

45
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

134.50
1 3C .00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A SS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

67
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

114.00
114.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

31
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

92 .0 0
92 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( BCCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------

99
72

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

87.00
88 .0 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p ublic u tilitie s.
3 M a y include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e ly .




A verage
N um ber
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

salaries

(exclu siv e

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

67
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

105.50
1 15.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

12

7

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

82.50
89 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T SNONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

10
7

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

81.50
85 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

23
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

76.00
7 6 .0 0

11
8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8.50
132.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, C L A SS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

of p a y f o r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

7

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for men in sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division, B o ise City, Idaho, Novem ber 1969)
Num ber of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
N um ber
of
w orkers

Occupation

2 .9 0
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

3 .0 C 3 . 1 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 0
MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------

15

$

3 .9 0

$

$

3 .8 6

3 .2 0 3 .3 0

3 . A0 3 . 5 0

3 .6 0 3 .7 0

3 .3 0 3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

1

-

3 .8 0

3 . 9 0 A . 00 A . 10 A . 20 A . 30 A.A0 A . 50

and
under

M id d le r a n g e 2

$

1

3 . 8 1 - A . 53

3 .2 0

1

-

—

—

3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0

-

-

8

4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

4 .5 0
-

4 .6 0
A

1 E xclu d es prem ium pay for overtim e and fo r work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l.

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an are a b a sis
by industry division , B o ise City, Idaho, N ovem ber 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 2

$
$
1 ,A 0 1 .5 0

Number

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n
Mean3

M edian3

Middle range3

1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0 1 .8 0

S

t

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

*

$

S

2 . A0 2 . 50 2 . 6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

3 . CO 3 . 10 3 . 20 3 . 3 0

2 . 60 2 . 7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

t

t

*

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

$
1 .9 9
2 .2 9
1 .8 9
2 .7 7

$

67
16
51
8

1 .8 9
2 .3 1
1 .6 8
2 .6 8

$
1 .5 9 2 .2 1 1 .5 7 2 .5 3 -

2 .3 5
2 . AC
2 .1 5
3 .1 A

1
1
~

17

10

-

17
~

10
“

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
IW O M E N ) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2A
2A

1 .5 7
1 .5 7

1 .5 6
1 .5 6

1 .5 3 1 .5 3 -

1 .6 0
1 .6 0

1
1

18
18

3
3

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

A2
20

3 .0 5
2 .5 A

2 .7 9
2 .7 3

2 . 6 0 - 3 .9 A
2 .1 9 - 2 .7 7

_
*

_

_
“

OROER F ILL E R S ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

A2
9

3 .0 0
2 .7 8

3 .0 2
2 .7 5

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- ------------

1A
12

2 .9 A
2 .9 9

3 .1 3
3 .1 5

2 .6 8 - 3 .2 1
3 . 0 6 - 3 .2 A

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------

7

2 .8 1

2 .8 7

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

6
1
5

1

A

1
”

A
~

_

_

$

$

S

1 -------- %

*

3 . AC 3 . 6 0

-

1

7
6

3 . 20 3 . 30 3 . A0 3 .6 0

2
2

2 . 9 2 - 3 .1 A
2 .6 8 - 2 .8 5

2 .5 9 - 2 .9 9

3 .8 0

3 . 8 0 A .00

$
-

“
_

_

-

5
3
2

A
A
-

6
5
1
~

2
~

2
2

A
3
1

3

1

1

2

3
3

1

1
1

2
2

“

~

-

~
'

“
'
-

-

~

_

_

-

_

_
“

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

2
1

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

3
3

4
4

1
1

12
“

7
“

15
1

-

~

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

TRUCKCRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

83
10
73

3 .3 1
2 .6 1
3 .A 1

3 .1 9
2 . A0
3 .A 3

2 . 9 6 - 3 .9 A
2 .2 A - 3 . 2 6
3 . 0 1 - 3 .9 A

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------

6

2 .5 1

2 .5 5

2 .2 3 - 2 .9 6

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TCNS) ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

25
21

3 .3 2
3 .5 3

3 .9 1
3 .9 3

TRUCKERS, POWER (FO R K LIFT) -------------

17

2 .9 5

2 .9 8

*

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

i

-

1
_
“

-

1

-

-

3

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

A

2
-

1
~
1

2
1
1

-

A

2

15

3

2

1
1

31

2

15

3

7
7

-

A

8
1
7

A

2

1

1

1

-

-

-

2 .7 A - 3 . 9 6
2 .8 5 - 3 .9 7

A

1
1

_

-

-

A

"

*

4

1
1

2 .9 A - 3 .0 A

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

31

~

-

-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xclu d es prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on w eekends, holiday s, and late sh ifts.
F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l.
T ran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e rs , a s defined, r e g a r d le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.




$

and
u nder

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

1
2
3
4
5

*

1

-

-

-

2

_
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

_

“

1A
1A

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o se of p re p a r in g jo b d e sc r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s fie ld s t a ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o p r ia te
o cc u p a tio n s w o rk e rs who a r e em ploy ed u n der a v a r ie t y of p a y r o ll t itle s an d d iffe re n t w ork a r r a n g e m e n ts fro m e sta b lish m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t and
fro m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the gro u p in g o f o cc u p a tio n al w age r a t e s r e p r e se n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te r e sta b lish m e n t an d in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o cc u p a tio n al con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e sc r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u se in
in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th er p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th ese jo b d e sc r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m ists a r e in str u c te d
to ex clu d e w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s; t r a in e e s ; and h a n dicapp ed, p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
Bi l

le r

,

CLERK,

m a c h in e

C la s s A . In an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m con tain in g a n u m b er of v a r ie d su b je c t m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l su ch a s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te ch n ical d o cu ­
m e n ts, e tc . M ay a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in con jun ction
with the f i l e s . M ay le a d a s m a ll gro u p of lo w er le v e l file c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e other than an o r d in a r y or e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s o r sh ipp in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m other
c l e r ic a l w ork in cid en tal to b illin g o p e ra tio n s. F o r w age stu dy p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e, a r e
c l a s s if i e d by type of m a ch in e, a s fo llo w s:
B il le r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a sp e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (Moon H o p k in s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c ., w hich a r e com b in ation typing and add in g m a ch in es) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ipp in g m e m o ­
ra n d u m s, e tc . U su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lic a tio n of p re d e te rm in e d d isc o u n ts and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s ,
and en try of n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, which m a y or m a y not be com p uted on the b illin g m a ch in e,
and t o ta ls which a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by m a ch in e. The o p eratio n u su a lly in v o lv es
a la r g e n u m ber of ca rb o n c o p ie s of the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fo ld
m a ch in e.

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s, and f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by sim p le (su b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
ing s ~ o r~ p a rtly c l a s s if i e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r su b h e a d in g s. P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la t e d in dex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e ste d , lo c a t e s c l e a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r ic a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C l a s s C . P e r fo r m s ro u tin e filin g of m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een c l a s s if i e d o r which
is e a s i l y c l a s s if i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l c l a s s if i c a t io n s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e ste d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f il l out w ith draw al c h a r g e . P e r fo r m s sim p le c l e r ic a l and m an u al t a s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

B il le r , m ach in e (book keepin g m a ch in e). U s e s a bookkeepin g m ach in e (S u n d stran d , E llio tt
F i s h e r , R em in gton R an d , e t c ., w hich m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w rite r k eyb o ard ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills a s p a r t of the a c co u n ts re c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n . G e n e ra lly in v o lv es t;he s im u lt a ­
n eou s en try of fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m ber of v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s, and u su a lly p r in ts a u to m a tic a lly the
d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in volve a know ledge of bo o kk eep in g. W orks fr o m u n ifo rm
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l i p s .

CLERK,

O RD ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise b y m a il, phone, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u ties in volve an y co m b in atio n of the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
sh eet listin g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istr ib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to be fille d . M ay ch eck with c r e d it
d e p a rtm e n t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g of c u s t o m e r , ackn o w ledge r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
follow up o r d e r s to se e that th ey have b een f ille d , k eep file of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck sh ippin g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

BO O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a bookk eep in g m ach in e (R em in gton R an d, E llio tt F is h e r , S u n d stran d , B u r r o u g h s,
N atio n al C a sh R e g is t e r , with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k ey b oard ) to k eep a r e c o r d of b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c t io n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a se t of r e c o r d s re q u irin g a know ledge of and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
bookkeepin g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y with the str u c tu r e of the p a r tic u la r acco u n tin g s y st e m
u se d . D e te rm in e s p ro p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n of d eb it and c r e d it it e m s to be u se d in eac h
p h ase of the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e c o n so lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s
b y hand.

CLERK,

PA YRO LL

C o m p u tes w a g e s of co m p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e: C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lc u la te d d a ta on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm atio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w orking
d a y s, tim e , r a t e , d ed u ctio n s fo r in su r a n c e , and to tal w ag e s du e. M ay m ake out p ay ch ec k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d istr ib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s. M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m ach in e.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a se s or se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u su a lly
re q u irin g little know ledge of b a s ic bookk eep in g. P h a s e s o r se c tio n s in clu de ac co u n ts p ay ab le ,
p a y ro ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c co u n ts (not in cludin g a sim p le type of b illin g d e s c r ib e d un der b il le r ,
m a ch in e), c o s t d istrib u tio n , e x p e n se d istrib u tio n , in ven tory c o n tro l, e tc . M ay ch eck o r a s s i s t
in p re p a ra tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e co n tro l sh e e ts fo r the acco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m ete r to p e r fo r m m a th e m a tic a l co m p u tatio n s. T h is
job is not to be co n fu se d with that of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th er type of c le r k , which m a y involve f r e ­
quent u se of a C o m p to m ete r but, in w hich, u se of th is m ach in e is in c id en tal to p e rfo rm a n c e of
oth er d u tie s.

C L E R K , ACCO UNTING
C la s s A . Under g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of a b oo k k eep er o r acco u n tan t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ility fo r
k eep in g one o r m o re se c tio n s of a co m p lete s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h ase
of an e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv e s p o stin g and b ala n cin g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch a s ac c o u n ts re c e iv a b le o r a c co u n ts p a y a b le ; ex am in in g and coding
in v o ic e s or v o u ch e rs w ith p ro p e r accou n tin g d istrib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju d gm en t and e x p e r i­
en ce in m akin g p ro p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and
c lo sin g jo u rn a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c l a s s B accou n tin g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r a lp h a b e tic a l o r co m b in atio n keypunch m ach in e to
t r a n s c r ib e d a ta fr o m v a r io u s so u r c e d o cu m en ts to keypunch tab u latin g c a r d s . P e r fo r m s sa m e
t a s k s a s lo w er le v e l keypunch o p e r a to r but, in ad d itio n , w ork r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n of codin g
s k ill s and the m akin g of so m e d e te r m in a tio n s, fo r e x a m p le , lo c a t e s on the so u r c e docu m en t
the ite m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo rm atio n fr o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts; and s e a r c h e s fo r anf
in t e r p r e t s in fo rm atio n on the do cu m en t to d e te rm in e in fo rm atio n to be punched. M ay t r a ;
in e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a to r s .

C la s s B . U nder s u p e r v isio n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o re rou tin e acco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch
a s p o stin g iim p le jo u rn a l v o u ch e rs o r a c co u n ts p ay ab le v o u c h e r s, e n terin g v o u ch e rs in
v ou ch er r e g i s t e r s ; re c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts; and p o stin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tro lle d by
g e n e r a l le d g e r s , o r p o stin g sim p le c o s t accou n tin g d a ta . T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a know l­
ed g e of accou n tin g and bookk eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in w hich the m o r e routin e
accou n tin g w ork i s su b d ivid ed on a fu n ction al b a s i s am on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s.




F IL E

8

9
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T AR Y— C ont inue d

O P E R A T O R — Continued

Class B. U n d e r close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data f r o m source d o c u m e n t s to pu nc he d cards.
Operates a nu merical and/or
alphabetical or combination k e yp un ch m a c h i n e to k e yp un ch tabulating cards. M a y verify cards.
W o r k i n g f r o m various standardized source do cu me nt s, follows specified sequences wh ic h have
be e n coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P r o b l e m s arising f r o m erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.

d. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y , etc. (o r o th er eq u iv alen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of a la r g e and im p o rtan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n ag em en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t o ften in volvin g a s m an y a s s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

OFFICE

BOY

OR GIRL

P e r f o r m s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m i n o r office m a ­
chines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, an d other m i n o r clerical work.

SECRETARY
A s si gn ed as personal secretary, n o rm al ly to one individual. Maintains a close an d highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day w o r k activities of the supervisor. W o r k s fairly inde­
pendently receiving a m i n i m u m of detailed supervision and guidance.
P e r f o r m s varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including m o s t of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, a n s w e r s routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and m a k e s appointments as instructed; (d) relays m e s s a g e s f r o m s u pe r­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m o r a n d a , and reports prepared b y others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) p e r f o r m s
stenographic and typing work.
M a y also p e r f o r m other clerical and secretarial tasks of c o m p a r a b l e nature and difficulty.
T h e w o r k typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p r o g r a m s , and procedures related to the w o r k of the supervisor.
Exclusions
.Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. E x a m p l e s
of positions w hich are excluded f r o m the definition are as follows: (a) Positions wh i c h do not m e e t
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties: (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in wh i c h the duties are either substantially m o r e
routine or substantially m o r e c o m p l e x an d responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m o r e difficult or m o r e responsible technical, a d m i n ­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
N O T E : Th e t e r m "corporate officer," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials w h o have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m a j o r
c o m p a n y activities. T h e title "vice president," though n o rm al ly indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents w h o s e p r i m a r y responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or de ny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a r d o r p r e sid e n t of a co m p an y that e m p lo y s, in
o v e r 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r (o th er than the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad (im m e d ia te ly below the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r lev el) o f a m a jo r
seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t of a co m p an y that e m p lo y s, in
a ll, few er than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (o th er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia te ly below
c o rp o ra te -w id e fu n ctio n al a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g ,
tio n s, etc.) or~a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
a m a jo r d ivisio n ) of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in
e m p lo y e e s; o r




the o ffic e r lev el) o v e r eith e r a m a jo r
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s, in d u st r ia l r e la se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but few er them 2 5 ,0 0 0

a. S e c r e t a r y to an ex e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib ility is not eq u iv ale n t
to one of the s p e c if ic le v e l situ a tio n s in the d efin itio n fo r c l a s s B , but w h o se su b o rd in ate st a ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w hich a r e often , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d iv id ed . In so m e c o m p a n ie s, th is le v e l in c lu d e s
a w ide ran g e o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s; in o t h e r s , only one o r tw o; o £
b. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r o th er e q u iv ale n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th at e m p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s );
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n su p e r v iso ry s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l em p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a s s is t a n t , sk ille d te ch n ician o r e x p e r t. (N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n su p e r v iso ry w o rk e r.)
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty i s to take d ictatio n in volvin g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m one o r m o re
p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh orth an d o r b y Sten otype or s im ila r m ach in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritten co p y. M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , or p e r fo r m oth er r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r ic a l t a s k s . M ay o p e ra te fr o m a ste n o g rap h ic p ool. D oes not in clu de tr a n s c r ib in g m ach in e w ork . (S ee t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R , SEN IO R
P r im a r y duty is to take d ictatio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r sp e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s or r e p o r ts on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h fr o m one o r m o re p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh o r t­
hand or b y Sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
co p y. M ay a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u tie s r e q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r indepen den ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ility than st e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s ev id en ced by the fo llo w in g: Work r e q u ir e s high d e g re e of
ste n o g rap h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ; and a thorough w orking know ledge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and of the sp e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s, o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w orkflow , e t c . U s e s th is know ledge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g rap h ic d u tie s and r e sp o n sib le c l e r ic a l
t a s k s su ch a s , m a in ta in in g follow u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s, le t t e r s ,
e t c .; co m p o sin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e r a l in str u c tio n s; re ad in g and ro u tin g in co m in g m a il; and
a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e stio n s, e tc . D o es not in clu de t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h o n e sw itc h b o ard han dlin g in co m in g,
o u tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h o n e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o r h an d les
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch a s c o n fe r e n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l l s , e ith e r in add itio n to
doing ro u tin e w ork a s d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itc h b o ard o p e r a to r , c l a s s B , o r a s a fu ll-tim e
a ssig n m e n t. ( " F u l l " telephon e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n ctio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telep h o n e in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
of o v e rlap p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n ctio n s, and co n seq u en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s a s to
w hich e x te n sio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h on e sw itc h b o ard h an dlin g in co m in g,
o u tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay h an dle ro u tin e lon g d ista n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h o n e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if the fu n ctio n s o f the e sta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rstan d ab le fo r telep h on e
in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u tin e, e .g ., giv in g e x te n sio n n u m b e rs when
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e fu r n ish e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to an o th er o p e r a to r .)

1
0
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G EN ERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u i r in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,

r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s le g a l
t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
g e n e ra l.

T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s ;
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s re q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e U n der g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

11
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g an d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g




th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o jt o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

12
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g ,, f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s

in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A RD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C LEA N ER

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

c la s sifie d

a s f o llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lVz to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o rk ers a re

POW ER

SH IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; an d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e sta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a f e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b elow . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H our and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 9 * ------------------- -----------------------Alb any — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M ex. , A p r . 1969---------------------------A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A ug. 1969---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1-----P
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_______________ -—_______
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N .Y ., Oct. 1969_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
Can ton , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969______ ___ ___________________ _
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t. 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r. 1969 1 _______________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y .— n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ---------------------K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct. 1969--------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969_________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow emlll.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ay ton , Ohio, J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ____________________ __________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969--------------- —-----------------D e t r o it , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 --------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , Oct. 1969------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1969_____ -______________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1------------------------- -----------H o u ston , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1-------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ------ ,----------------------------K a n s a s C ity , Mo.— a n s ., S e p t. 1969___________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1969 ------------H
N
L i t t le R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969--------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 *_______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969 ----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Nov. 1969 1_____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1969----1 _____________________________
_
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969----------------------

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35c e n t s
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35c e n ts
30 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

D a ta on estab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provision s are a lso presented.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969--------------------------------P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s .,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 ______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1969---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n Antonio, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C alif.,
R
O
O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1_____________
O
Sa n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1969-------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969______________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1969 * ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T re n t on, N . J . , S e p t . 1969-----------------------------------------U tic a—R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969-----------------------------------W a sh in g to n , D .C .—
Md.— a . , S e p t. 1969 1_______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1969___________________________
W a te r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1968 1 --------------------------------------W ic h ita, K a n s . ,
D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Y ou ng stow n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660- 17,
1660- 12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660- 14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660- 13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660- 1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .




20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS