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J

Jl

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area
August 1975
B u lletin 1 8 5 0 -6 2




document collection
FEB H 5 1976
Dayton & Montgomery
Public Library

Co.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f an A u g u s t 197 5 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in the B a lt im o r e , M a r y la n d , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a ( c i t y o f B a lt im o r e , and the c o u n t ie s o f A n n e A r u n d e l, B a lt im o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r fo r d ,
and H o w a r d ).
T he s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' a n n u a l a r e a
w age su rv ey p r o g ra m .
The p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a ta f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n
a r e a s , as w e ll a s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a an d H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e
th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f
(1) th e le v e l and d is t r ib u t io n of w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , a n d (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y
o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l*
T he p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d
f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and
a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g plan t lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 19 6 5.
C u r r e n t ly , 83 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e
b a ck c o v e r .)
In e a c h a re a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n
on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fit s is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y
b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s to g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l a nd r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i­
v id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a data.
T h e B a lt im o r e s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in P h ila d e lp h ia ,
P a ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f A lv in I. M a r g u lis , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e r a t io n s .
T he s u r v e y c o u ld n ot have b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a t io n o f the
m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l in fo r m a t io n
in th is b u lle tin .
T he B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v i s i o n s in the
B a lt im o r e a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the m a c h in e r y ( F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 ), m e n 's and b o y s ' s u its and
c o a t s ( A p r i l 1 9 7 3), n u rs in g h o m e s (M a y 1973), a u to d e a le r r e p a i r s h o p s (Ju n e 1 9 7 3 ), d e p a r t ­
m e n t s t o r e s (S e p t e m b e r 1973), c o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t io n ( S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 3 ), b a n k in g ( O c t o b e r
1 9 7 3 ), flu id m ilk ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 3), c o n t r a c t c le a n in g s e r v i c e s (J u ly 1 9 7 4 ), la u n d r y and d r y
c le a n in g (A u g u s t 1 9 7 5 ), and m o v in g and s t o r a g e (J u ly 1975) i n d u s t r ie s .
A l s o a v a ila b le a r e
lis t in g s o f u n ion w a g e ra te s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g
e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , a nd g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s of
th e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -6 2

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary

January 1976

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area, August 1975
CONTENTS

Page

2
T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - 1.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s of o f f ic e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________________________________________
3
A -la .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s of o f f ic e w o r k e r s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________________________________
l
6
A - 2.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s of p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________
8
A -2 a .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s of p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s —la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ___________________________________________
10
A - 3.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of o f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _______________________________________ 11
A -3 a .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of o f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y sex —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________
13
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s of m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________________________
14
A -4 a .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s of m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s __________________________________________ 15
A - 5,
H o u r ly e a r n in g s of c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________ 16
A -5 a .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s of c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ___________________________________
18
A -6 .
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of m a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t , c u s t o d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , b y s e x ________ 20
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n ce , p o w e r p la n t , c u s t o d ia l, an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
21
A -7 .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s — 22

B.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s and c l e r k s ___________________________________________________________
B -2 .
L a te s h ift p a y p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t i m e m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s of f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -4 .
A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________________________
B - 4 a . I d e n t if ic a t io n o f m a jo r p a id h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plan s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

S c o p e an d m e th o d o f s u r v e y ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________




For sale by the Superintendent of D °cuments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $1. 30. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

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37

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 83 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and
r e la t e d b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d
b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s t o r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r ­
ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il
t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y
g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s ,, w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly o r w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n t o a
v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O c c u p a tio n s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m th e fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s : (a ) O f fic e c l e r i c a l , (b ) p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l, ( c ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t , and (d) c u s t o d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a
th ro u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e s im il a r da ta f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500
w ork ers or m ore.
F o llo w in g th e o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e t a b le s is ta b le A - 7 w h ich
p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , s k ille d




m a in te n a n ce w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s e lim in a t e s c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s a s w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g . A p p e n d ix A d i s c u s s e s
th is w a ge t r e n d m e a s u r e .

B - s e r i e s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on m in im u m e n t r a n c e
s a la r ie s f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r
pla n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; and d a ta s e p a r a t e ly f o r p la n t and o f f i c e
w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .

A p p e n d ix e s
T h is b u lle tin h as tw o a p p e n d ix e s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e
m e th o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It p r o v i d e s
in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y and in fo r m a t io n on th e a r e a 's
in d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c t u r in g .
It a ls o p r o v i d e s in fo r m a t io n
on la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s in
o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ich s t r a i g h t - t i m e e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d .

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

o
f

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of---5

S

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

70
and
under
,
80

80

90

100

no

120

130

S

140

150

160

%

170

180

190

5
b

200

210

J
>

$

220

230

240

260

280

300
and

14(L

150

16fl

170

90

100

llo

120

11

4

16

*

“

1

2

-

7

7

14

38

-

130

180

190

11

1

200

210

220

23o

24P

260

65
30
35
4
6
4
5

210
40
170
146
4

39
24
15
1

45
26
19
5

27
10
17
1

50
15
35
15

_

-

20
11
9
5

11
3
8
7

2s0

399 over

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

BJlLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------

51

36.5, 123.50 115.00 101.00-140.00

-

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS!
CLASS A -----------------------

81

39.0 148.50 150.00 14o.00-155.00

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS!
CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

135
106

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE -----------------SERVICES -----------------

1,290
421
869
255
133
205
81

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0
39.0
39.0
37.5

185.50
210.00
173.50
198.50
139.00
147.50
149.00

181.00
201.00
172.00
200.00
133.50
143.00
149.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6 —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE -----------------SERVICES -----------------

1.573
403
1,170
224
268
324
142

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
37.0

145.00
158.00
141.00
147.50
128.50
124.50
135.50

138.00
150.00
135.00
139.00
12b.00
124.00
134.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

81
76

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------FINANCE ------------------

374
327
251

38.5 120.50 107.50
38.5 114.00 104.00
38.0 104.00 101.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------FINANCE ------------------

450
85
365
46
239

38.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE -------------

649
79
570
302
253

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------RETAIL TRADE ------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE ------------------




_

7

12

-

-

16
16

42
34

13
9

19
14

16
15

25
15

1

-

3
3

14J.50-209.50
166.00-249.50
135.00— 200.00
200.00-200.00
112.50-169.00
134.50-159.00
117.00-173.00

-

-

16

36

30
1
29

44

95
50
45

-

-

2
41
11

14
16

78
17
61
4
16
16
15

67
24
43

-

82
21
61
4
13
34
10

87
23
64

-

167
38
129
47
10
50
1

122.00-160.50
132.00-172.50
l2o.00-160.00
124.00-166.30
10p .00-157.00
114.00-135.00
121.00-150.00

6
6
-

22

12
10

47
13

59
15
44
12
3

122
8
114
4

6
-

-

-

75
30
45
17
7
1
6

6

3

.

_

-

1

_

-

-

-

99,OP-121.50
9ft.00-114.00
96.00-110.00

-

9
7
7

111.50
114.00
111.00
167.00
105.00

105.00 95.50-118.30
105.00 102.00-125.30
103.30 95.00-115.50
151.50 132.50-211.50
105.O0 96.OP-112.00

-

41
6
35

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.5

143.00
16C.00
140.50
159.00
117.50

137.50
160.00
135.00
140.00
120.00

H o . 00-150.5u
140,50-170.00
106.00-143.00
117.50-196.00
96.50-140.00

326
227
99
52

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

187.50
205.00
147.50
138.00

171.00
196.00
139.50
130.00

141.50-216.00
156.00-266.50
123.5o-16u.00
123.00-160.00

490
191
299
41
51
139

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
38.0
38.0

167.00
184.5Q
156.00
173.00
181.50

159.00
172.uO
150.00
174.00
143.(10
147.00

143.0C-191.00
153.00-218.00
138.OP-171.00
157.00-190.00
12ft.Oo-17u.uC
133.01 -15-,. 5u

38.0 130.00 123.50 115.00-145.00
38.5 128.50 123.50 U 0 . 00-145.00

39.0 .158.50 144.00 123.00-163.00
39.5 160.50 148.00 124.00-163.GO

1 4 6 .0 0

-

6
6

-

-

22
-

-

-

16

36

-

44

-

“

-

-

11

20
1
15

14
5
10

18
26

91
4
87
6
19
45
17

108
17
91
13
9
44
17

274
32
242
53
44
103
30

223
71
152
41
21
50
25

162
52
110
25
24
32
22

139
71
68
16
23
17
lo

127
27
100
22
53
8
6

5
5

3
1

.23
21

4
4

10
10

4
4

16
16

.

92
92
91

105
105
86

64
62
49

24
22
6

10
8
6

11
7
6

10

•
-

17

-

109
4
105

108
28
80

77
2
75
1
68

35
25
10
2
7

32

14
11
3
3

7
2
5
5

*
6
b

-

-

5
79
19
60
-

-

-

32
16
16

-

.

-

54
45
9
8

3

2

-

-

13
9
4
2

9
4
5

17
15

12
11
1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
10

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

4
4

1
1

1
1

2
2

9
7

4
3

5

2

7
7

i

4

7
1

_

-

2

1

6

-

4

3

2

1

1

3
3

2
2

1

18

14

2
12
12

27
13

2

11

7
1

_

14

e

6
6

-

26

60

62

1

12

56

85

-

-

12

1

12

56
3
53

85
43
42

64
5
59
47
12

72
6
66
27
39

83
5
78
29
49

83
5
78
27
36

53
16
J7
28
9

15
15

1
-

1
1

13
9
4
3

9
2
7
1

24
6
18
12

25
4
21
17

38
JO
8
1

21
18
3
1

28
6
22
16

19
17
2
1

19
15

12
lo

4

2

1

13
4

1

52
4
48

33
13
20

84
15
69

-

9
-

67
86
41
9

57
29
28
1

16
2
14

2
29

b
i

6
i

1

9

22

37
13
24
4
4

21

12

c

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

8

20
16

-

14

17
42

_

1

1

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

2

1
i

i

-

-

7
7

78
38
18

14
-

ji

1

2
3..

28

23
2C

3

_
J

h0

_

_

_
_

_

1

A

_
_

7

6

3 :

14

7

6
6

3 .
3 i

14
14

7

•

20
17
3
2

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

16
12
4

4
4

5
5

25
18
7
4

28
22

11
11

3

2

6

H

3

b

1

5

6

6

_
_

_
_

6

6

b

-

48
48

_

6

_
_

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
woricen

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

$

Average
weekly
houre*
(standard

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

S

b

70

80

%

%

90

100

s
>

s
n o

120

s

130

140

%

150

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

$

*
160

1
>

170

1HO

*

190

i

200

*
a io

1
»

220

230

24 'j

i

$

260

i

23Q

an d
under

300
and

80

90

9

in
-

35
2

10

33

100

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19v„

70
8
62
9
19
22

210
29
181
2
88
15
46

228
59
169

19 1

129

57
134

107

Jb
93

£&

11
6

3

23
33

14
21

3H
?0
18
18
4

28
2b
2
-

89
7
43

45
23
22
4
5

22

12

86

27

68

29
8
21
4
8

31
2
29
9
16

21
15
6
4
2

43
40

4

3
*

7

4
64
3
46

67
15
52
14
21

1
-

3
3

7

1

203
27
176
2
17
8
117
32

332
62
250
3
14
14
177
82

463
82
381
16
69
34
219
43

430
97
333

n o

2 00 _ 21 *j
.

240

220

2-0

J00

over

*

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS b —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE -------------------

1 ,1 8 0

307
873
125
289
131
228

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.5
38.0

t

137.50
146.50
134.00
185.50
125.50
126.00
125.00

$
130.00
136. t n
i
125.00
185.50

$

$

l l n . O o - l S O . 'J O

I2o.00-163.00
1 15.00-145,50
147.0 , - 2 2 9 . 5 0
-135.00
1 2 2 . 0 0 113.0<‘
130.00 100.00-150. 50
123.SO llP.0il-137.5rj

-

-

MESSENGERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------FINANCE -------------------

357
94
263
58
149

38.5
39.5
36.5
39.0
38.5

122.50
140.50
116.50
148.50
105.50

114.00 10n.00-14j.00
146.00 116.50-157.00
1 1 0 . 0 0 10(.. 00-125,0 0
139.50 119.00-177.00
103.00 96.00-112.00

SECRETARIES -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE ------------------SERVICES -----------------

4,113
1,179
2,934
338
218
1,449
649

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

174.00
188.50
168.50
226.50
166.00
483.50
156.50
173.50

167.00
186.50
162.50
235.00
159.00
165.00
155.50
171.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------FINANCE -------------------

248
78
170
61

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.0

192.50
200.50
189.00
188.50

191.50 1 6 2 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . 8 0
192.00 182.50-205.50
190.00 162.00-201.50
191.50 175.00-200.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING — ------ --■
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------F I N A N C E --------------- - SERVICES ------ ----------

841
199
642
60
70
54
372
86

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
38.0

184.50
201.00
179.50
223.50
180.50
173.00
168.50
199.00

175.00
205.00
171.50
235.00
172.00
170.00
166.00
202.50

154.50-209.50
163.00-234.00
156.OP-197.00
213.0'i-236.00
16n.00-186.00
141.50-183.50
153.50-180.00
184.50-210.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING — ---- -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------F I N A N C E -------- ---------S E R V I C E S ------ -----------

1,586
448
1,138
65
97
88
639
249

38.5
39.5
38.5
37.0
38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0

171.50
199.00
1.60.50
188.00
173.50
167.50
148.0C
178.50

165.00
204.00
157.50
178.50
160.00
164.00
147.00
176.50

144. O';-196.50
171.50-221.00
139.50-180.00
148.00-220.00
l5n.00-192.50
141.50-197.00
130.0C-16a.00
16'.00-201.30

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------MANUFACTURING------ ------ ~
NONMANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----- ---FINANCE ------------------S E R V I C E S -------------- ---




280

1,346
454
892
158
377
277

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

161.50
170.00
157.00
152.00
153.00
157.00

160.00
169.00
157.50
148.00
150.00
161.U0

147.00-197.50
159.00-212.50
183.0b-185.50
205.00-258.00
l4n.5n-l8j.oo
140.50-186.00
139.00-173.00
154.00-192.00

14n.00-183.00
143.5C-196.50
139.00-172.60
129.00-161.00
137.50-169.00
143.00-172.00

9
9

-

10

-

15
15
2
13

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
9

57
5
52
42

79
7
25
26
20

3
1

71
3

89
81

12
-

13
17
33
5

16
2
48
15

-

-

17

-

-

1

-

14

-

-

-

17

-

1

-

-

-

“

“

14
“

_

_

_

-

-

-

31
3
28

70
6
62

102
19
63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

1
-

“

-

28
-

9
12
39

-

13
1
12
2
3
2
5
-

•
-

12

31

-

-

34

-

31

91
5

12
-

33

-

-

12

31

-

-

-

4
69
13

135
7
128
3
2
12
96
15

-

-

99
21
78
14
43
19

165
72
93
12
53
26

-

-

13
1

1

-

1

-

1
-

8
-

4

-

4

1

1
32
-

23
3
20
13
1
5

51
7
44
13
16
15

86
-

4
6

-

9
4
5
5
-

6

-

£
£

538
103
435
14
56
30
222
113

379
91
288
9
19
28
169
63

378
1< 5
269
12
22
12
132
91

260

286

111
189
7
15
17
69
41

16'.
126

31
53

17
28

42
15
27
13

9
4
5
5

36

32
12
20
12

40
15
25
15

*0
♦
5
35

57
25
32

d
2
39
12

2
2
22
9

3

141
42
99
3
7
5
59
25

136

100
25
75

133
35
98
7
4b
30

6

6

47
22
188
70

1

121

28
93
6
18

5
64
13

1
68

22b
41
185
15
31
17
106
16

150
25
125
6
14
7

174
20
154
6

17

9
86
41

167
33
134
29
74
25

164
53
111
26
43
80

201
40
161
26
55
72

2

3
3

2

b

5
1
1
-

7

52
2
60

50
-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1
-

l
-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

25
13
12
3
6
1

26
10
16
15
1

-

1

68
-

13

d

5
2
1
1
1

81

129
20
109
2
12

19
70
6

12

-

35
32

16
22

d
65
4

61

19
9
14

“

50
88
1

4
2
40
41

133
62
71
13
5

29
4
2
10
23

116
53
6.,
37

6
3
3
3

D

7

12
12
*

10
1

45
13
32

36
22
16

20
7
13
8
5
-

8

13
16

14
7

83
19
64
2
8
14
23
17

92
49
43

72
44
28

105
75
30
5

97
71
26

12
7

2

9

3
25

82
25
57
49
7

131
53
78
46
10
5
1
16

11

6

162
94

3
8
-

68

2

1

3
3

6
*
"

31
15
16

69
25
44
30
5

1

2
7
6
114
75
39
19
3
-

1
8

30
20
10
6
2

6
3
3
14

-

4
3
2
7
3*
25

3
2

3
2

1
-

1
-

1
-

1
-

19
17
2

7
5
2

1

3

3

2

i
3

-

-

*

-

-

7

-

1

2
2
-

2

15
7

b

R
R
-

i
i
-

i

”

2

7

-

-

4
3

6
b
“

i
-

4

17

2
4

1

-

11

-

8
2

2
6

9

-

-

9

17

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
workeis

Occupation and industry division

hOUR*
(tnad
sadr)

$

Average
weekly

o
f

Mean

*

Median

*

Middle range*

$

70
and
under

i
80

i
90

%

100

N u mber of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of-S
>
S
S
$
i
S
$
%
$
l
J
I
$
*
*
120 130 140 100 16o 170 180 190 200 210 22 0 230 240 260 280
no

300
and

80

90

109

-

-

1
1
-

119

129

140

150

16()

179

180

190

20Q

210

28-0

230

240

260

260

65
11
54
1

64
14
50
-

54
11
43
9

70
31
39
10

74
43
31
13

94
77
17
16

13
4
*
b

61
28
23
23

8
3
5
5

22
5
17
17

22
3
19
19

13
5
8
8

59
14
4b
45

“
*
*

64
33
51
21

114
23
91
48

62
3
59
16

31
1
30
5

21
5
16
4

11
4
7
5

36
36
*

14
8
6
“

15
2
13
*

8
2
6
*

17
17
*

2

98
5
43
2
10

38
11
27
3
3

12
12
2
5
*

18
3
15
6
4
1

19
3
16
15

8
7
1

4
3
1
*

2
2
-

17
4
13
13
-

1
1
-

8
7
1

16
2
14
•
-

14
2
12
7

5
2
3
3

*

3
3
-

11
6
5
4
1

_
*

*

7

8

4

17

3

1

8

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

24
10
14
12

2
1
1

7
6
1

5
5

4
4

-

-

-

9
8
1

-

-

-

-

“

72
10
62
62

-

-

-

-

21
19
2
-

20
19
1
-

130

300 over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

643
253
390
174

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

$
170.00
174.50
167.00
205.00

$
165.00
174.00
154.00
210.50

$
138.50-191.50
156.50-179.50
13].50-191.50
173.50-291.50

$

-

2
2
-

31
3
26
-

660
165
495
2S3

38.0
38.5
38.0
38.5

155.00
162.00
152.50
135.50

150.00
152.00
150.00
130.00

130.00-165.50
130.00-201.00
129.50-161.50
121.50-150.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

406
52
354
42
137

38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0
38.0
ZZ* J
36.Q

135.00
164.00
130.50
169.50
115.00
130.00

127.50
153.50
124.50
189.50
109.00
129.00
11 ->.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

553
247
306
38
110

130.00
133.00
128.00
144.50
127.00

125.00
126.00
125.00
130.00
119.00

-

-

6
6
6

109.00-153.00
135.50-193.00
105.00-148.50
l76.00-22u.00
101.50-127.50
llr .50-148.50

6
6
6

16
16
13

17
17
3

Il0.00-1A2.00
112.00-142.00
107.50-141,5o
130.00-148.50
107.00-136.O0

9
9
“

60

opepators,

63

38.5 201.50 191.50 174.00— 236.So
39.0 207.50

79
1
78
71

77
77
59

45
6
39
7

65
7
58
1
25

13
1
12
1
8

14
-

23
23
9

8
86
33
53
21

105
60
45
5
28

38.5 134.00 144.00 1 lo.OC — 146.00
38.5 141.00 147.00 125.00-151.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------------

644
256
368
192

39. C
39.5
38.5
39.0

154.00
160.50
149.50
170.00
121.50

142.00
150.00
139.50
159.00
119.00

122.50
154.50
116.00
165.00
112.00

116.40
149.50
113.00
152.50
106.00

o tK V 1L L j

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39 .1

10i

87
38
49
15
21

13
-

-

-

129.50-169.00
135.00-163.50
126.50-170.00
139.50-216.50
10w.00-133.00

-

-

-

2

4

11
63
50
33
8
10

1
*
1
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

_

19
10

23
11

40
4

47
43

21
17

41
8
35
-

47
11
36

71
21
50
6

133
59
74
50

80
20
60
34

-

-

-

-

5
3
2

-

-

-

106.00-132.Ou
13?.50-180.00
104.0-125.00
126.00-202.50
98.00-120.00

-

2

7

38
37

20
18

-

67
44
23
11

40
32
8
6
1

21

38
12
26
5

18
10
8
-

24
24

14

12
_

30

-

-

-

30
-

12

102
2
100
-

31

269
6
263
-

249
25
224
5
20

164
13
151
3

, r /

r?

108
16
92
3

76
31
45
1

-

-

21
11

-

1

36

-

_

-

-

2
2
-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

8

XJ

64
Idl.SO 120.00

-

1

3

20
5
15
4
4

9

69
87

'>U

1«136
166
950
25

81
37
44
2
6

3

7

GENERAL ----------------------------NONMANU F ACTURING----------------




38
7
31
31

98
33
65
30

________

302
232

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

23
7
16
16

137.00 130*00 U P . 50-152.00

33
t r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e

2
*

6

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE ------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE o p e r a t o r s ,
CLASS B ----------------------------nonmanufactuping:

-

9

38«5

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
39.0

*

1

15

11
9
2
2

16
16

-

.

1

2

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

Weekly earnings 1
(s a d r )
tnad
Occupation and industry division

Number Aver*
weekly
workere hours1 Mean *
(tnad
sadr^

ALU -nKKFRS

Median *

Middle range

s

*
8j

t
>

$
90

S
100

70
and
under
do

90

100

no

120

13Q

140

RETAIL T R A D E --------------------

$
39
2 0. 00
39 s 229. s>
39 o n>5. 00
39 . 1B7. so
1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS a -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

7bl
217
b64
17b

39
39
39
39

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

b4

J9 5 17b .no 161 5 ) 163 00 -2 03. Ju
.

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

2l)6
159
100

39 n 133. 00 114 oc 10 ! O' -15-. 00
39 0 123. 00 107 00 99 0 :-121. Oo
.
38 0 102, 00 100 oc 9* 0 J-10/. uO

_
-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

1*9
168
38
9h

39
38
39
38

9- 0 •
-126. oO
»
J 133 0 0-217. v 0
(l
5f) lor: 0. -115. 3 )

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

200
166

38 0 12 r .00 132 sc 105 00 -144 • O
J
3B 0 12b .0 0 127 ?0 104 50 -142. bO

i
i

6

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

195
154

39 s 211. 00 201 0 0 150 50 -30 j 00
39 5 229. 00 212 bo 18? 0 j -30 j. 0 0

_

_

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

330
166
lo4
73

39
39
39
38

5 174. 5.1
5 188. 00
r 160. 50
\
0 1B3, 00

16B
172
159
140

5
JO
jn
50

]4 m«
157
139
127

'
on -199. I O
(
50 -223. 3 )
0 .-185. 00
.
00 -159. 00

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

i
i

KEYPUNCH OPFRATOPS, CLASS b -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

532
172
36c
109
92
127

39
39
39
39
38
38

0
0
0
5
b
5

15?. 50
160. 00
149 O0
189. 0 0
129. 50
128. 00

143
160
139
185
133
127

5o
bO
00
b)
(
or
00

126
l3n
122
147
11?
119

no -177. 30
5( -185. oo
00 -161. JO
00 -224. 30
or -145. 30
-140. 00
0>

-

-

16
2
14
12
2

MESSENGERS ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------FINANCE ---- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

d5b

39
40
19
39
39

5 13c. 00
< IBB. 00
)
> 123. 5o
)
0 151. 00
0 106. 50

125
157
113
139
104

00
on
RO
50
00

106
14(1
10?
11r
96

00 -157. uo
So -157. UO
50 -131. Oyj
00 -183. bu
00 -112. 00

-

-

-

3
3

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

39 5
39 5
39 5
39 S
39 0
39 0
39 .0
39 c

163. 50
20(1, oc
176. 00
2B2. 00
171. on
155. 00
216 00
207 50

176
198
167
236
167
151
197
192

uO
50
00
00
bO
50
00
b)
(

lb() 00 -209. 30
170 00 -223. 00
146 00 -197. 00
22o 00 -262. 30
14q .0.)-19/. 00
139 00 -169. 00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2,203
693
1,510
206
155
795
73
51

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

B73
113
363
259

39 5
B0 . 0
39 0
39 0

19o. 00
213 00
162. 50
167. 50

177
225
171
164

50
00
50
30

157 .50 -229. 00
1/5 >00-243. 00
15S .50 -203. 30
153 OC -180. 00

------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------manufacturing




77
161
b6
6)
i

o Ib6a 00
q 171. 00
i ISO. 04
)
5 12B. 00

0
5
0
5

123. Of
120. 50
17b ,00
107. 00

%

230

240

i
J
5*
260 230 300

and

SlJ
268
545
86

CLERKS, ACCOUNT I -IG, CLASS A --------

Numbe r of workers receiving straight-time weekly ea rnings of—
«
»
%
S
3
%
S
$
%
*
*
S
18 u 190 200 210 220
110 120 130 140 150 160 170

150

160

170,

180 - IRQ

1 HSL _ L L l _22fl_ 23(1

24(1

260

280

3?( over
J

$
20 j i *
M
ddS, ' O
J
196 bf
144, 00

$
151 7h
14 b
127

$
0 — C 3 3 JO
5“-27 r .30
i
0 0-20. 00
5. -16b. uO

-

-

-

10
10
9

9
1
8
3

32
32
18

63
5
58
10

57
7
50
13

38
18
20
2

55
28
27
14

30
11
19
2

49
14
3b
b

34
12
2?
6

181
20
161
4

25
13
12
-

23
12
11

20
10
10
-

43
15
28

31
40
31
“
*

53
45
8

20
17
3

00
JO
00
00

124
133
12?
1 1-

OC -169. CO
oc
oo
O' -162. 00
O' -131. UO

-

26
5
21
3

53
4
49
26

64
13
51
40

103
16
92
57

82
33
49
29

51
23
28
7

71
23
48
11

54
10
44

34
10
24
-

47
15
32
-

114
8
1o 6
-

18
11
7
1

7
3
4
-

11
9
2
-

9
4
5
-

1(
15

11
11

4
4
*

-

-

-

5

-

5

2

10

4

12

-

1

-

?
.

-

2

?

3

4

i

1

9
7
7

37
37
36

44
44
38

26
24
11

20
18
6

6
4
2

5
1

10
-

-

17
1

d

9
/

4
3

5
4

2

7
7

i

-

-

-

-

2
2

8

41
41
17

36
34
27

41
39
1
36

13
10
2
7

8
8

14
3
3

7
5
5

6
6
5

-

1
1
1

-

1
l
1

3
3
3

2
2
2

1
1
1

7
6
6

_
-

-

b

-

-

8
b

45
45

19
14

18
12

37
32

39
37

14
10

6
“

2
“

2
1

-

1
“

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

-

“

“

*

1
1

4
-

5
2

18
6

8
4

5
2

9
6

13
6

7
5

11
11

6
5

26
28

9
9

4
4

5
5

3
i

5
5

48
48

6
6

i

9

38
15
23
13

42
22
20
9

43
29
14
9

28
13
15
7

31
2
29

10
9
l

21
18
3

24
22
2

11
11

6
6
-

6
6

9
9

27
11
16
10

-

-

17
17
13

1*

-

26
3
23
8
14

54
17
37
15
22

62
18
44
3
7
31

85
13
72
23
16
26

57
13
44
B
12
20

51
18
33
3
13
11

40
23
17
4
8
1

10
6
4
2
1

3«
2o
18
14

23

6
5
1
1

5
4
1
1

52
2
50
50

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

2
-

34
5
29
24

34
4
30
3
25

39
2
37
14
17

24
6
18
4
5

18
2
16
9
5

19
15
4
4
“

43
40
3
1
1

6
6
6

3
3

2

3

7

1

-

2

-

-

2
2

J
3

7
7

1
1

-

2
2

-

*

-

3
3
1
2

8
3
5
1
3

23
8
15
2
10

107
20
87
8
77

172
24
148
14
126

223
29
199
1
23
162

191
36
155
14
UO

247
51
196
2
19
UO

171
37
134
4
11
81

172
57
lib
8
12
48

139
59
80
19
14
10

80
38
42
2
8
7

141
89
52
21
2
6

108
44
64
46
5
1

103
53
51
.
37
3
2

70
25
45
41

6
3

9
5

12
11

193
97
96
7
17
40
14
13

?

2

1
1

5
3

3

9
9

1
-

62
7
55
S3

51
8
43
40

14
2
32
28

29
5
24
20

20
8
12
7

12
3
9
6

21
13

58
16
42

33
22
11
1

18
7
11
*

150
153
1B7
123

112
no
157
106

JO
JO

9^ 5, -131. bo

_

_

7
b

3
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

165 •00 -250. 00
186 .50 -229. 30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

“

1

-

1
~

8
1
7
5

18
3
15
15

38
5
33
31

64
9
55
49

d

14

_

?
.

*

-

-

d
db

8
3

2

1

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

21
13
a
3
1
7

1

3

26
10
16
15
4
1
3

2

2

1

1

Weekly earnings
(stan lard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

1
*

Average
weekly
houre1
(standard)

70
Mean

*

Median

*

Middle range*

%

i
B0

90

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-b
b
b
S
S
S
$
%
S
5

5

%
100

1 10

iao

130

1 4(J

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

s
230

’
JM
24C

5>-- ~S---

I

*

2b0

280

and
unde r
64

3'JO

and
90

100

u o

120

140

190

160

170

180

190

200

. 26o

2o0

300

105

52
3
49

65

57
14
43

7b

57

34
4L

58
16
42

2b
5

18
17
1

5
2

39

44

5
25

*

1

*
*

-

"
“
-

75
24
51
22

1 14
33
81
13

54
11
43
11

50
2o

8
7
1

6
8
“

-

i
i

2
2
*

65

90
77
13
12

13
4
9

230

24o

57
33
24

107
72
35

29
20

8
-

130

"
*
3
2
1

21_i! _ 2 2 0

over

ALL

WORKERS—
C o k >r I.MUEO

SECRETARIES

-

CONTINUED
s97
'''bj
26

39.5

$

$

1 6 3 . Ml
216.30
1 6 0 .S o
220.00

.319
SECRETARIES,

CLASS

D

-----------------

39. i 2 c 5 . S l
,
1(<7. > .
i
V J # X l w.br» 1 4 6 1 Li)
>

668

39. S

1 6 5 . SO
176.00

1 6 3 . bo
1 7 8 . bo

$

$
51

-

-

-

-

-

424
1d6

J

.0

1 <-• j»0

191.00

G E N E R A L -----------------

475

39.5

l B 2 .no

N O V^ifl.MUFaC T U N I N G ----------------------

222

39.0
39. j

191.00
206.00

179.50
174.00
190.00
210.30

15n.5j-205.00
156.5.-174,30
167.0 0 - 2 27.50

155.00
136.00

12»,0 0 - 1 76.30
1 l s . 5 0 - 1 7 3 . 50

6

I3n,0( - 2 0 4 . 3 0
16).5 -2 0 4 , 3 c
1 2 3,5' - 1 7 . 3 . 0 0

151
r
191.50

-

1

STE'-IUG h

a

PHEPS,

79
146

10 r K 7 r '
OO 3 169.50
n9.
3o* j
1 ’ ’* j0

202

39.0
"*«*.

fir

SWITCHBOARD OPEPATOH-RECEPTIONISTS-

126.00

120.00

162.50

197.00

135.50-172.50

212.50

233.50

12
65

17

66
14
54

8b
17

48
14
34
32

46

b6

25
14
11

24
11

9
6

19
11
8

23

24

33

19

23
"
Z

2
2

1

107.00-141.00

39.1

39.1

ss

TABULATING-PACH I N E OPEH a TO k S ,
CLA >. 1
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

1 " "0
148.00

14

79

40

2
1 4 ? , 5l,- 1 8 6 . 5 1
I S t .0 0 - 1 9 6 . 5 }
14-,50-173.50
131.00-150.00

86

46

163,5, - 2 3 3 , 3 j
14-..5! - 1 9 3 . 0 0
22n.00-23o.30

24

29

13

19
13

24
22

16
12

13

^3
18

-

-

-

3

12

43
22
13

22
11

17
14

39.5

199

1(
>
66

TYPISTS, CLASS H -------------------

53 7
3 ^
2B1

See footnotes at end of tables.




39.0
37.5
39.0
39. a
39.1
39.1

193.50
144.00
161.00
166.00
157.50
179.00
117.0!)

124.06-152.00
1'

ro

150.60

1

1 ^ ^ ^0
176.D0
114.00

I 3 n . 0 0 - 1 8 6 . 30
135.00193.00
128.00*185.50
144.0T-216.50
106.00123.00

130.00

119.50

109.5t-146.5u

119*^0
113.00

114.1)0
111.50

10s,5 0 — 119.50

26

2

28
22

-

2

112

134

26
20

i nr

114
102

17

31

10

22
3
19
19

13
5
8
8

59
14
4b
45

-

:

”

-

6

1

36
36

2

“

13
8
5

14
2
12

7
2
5

7
7

2
*
2

i
i

i
-

2
-

17
13
13

1
1

“
“

“
-

-

3

6

.

-

.

_

2

1

17

3

4

i

-

“

-

“

-

2

-

3

8

-

2

8

24

12

37

22
5
17
17

*

79

31
12
19

18
10

24
24

*
“

*
“

-

1

?-*
10
14
12

2

19

19
19

68
10
58
58

*

-

1

21

28

8
3
D
5

-

M

51
28
23
23

2

17
19

26

8
2
6

"
3

1~3

A

3J

8
1
1

"
17

92
75
17

16
15
19

operators*
75

11

6

3
6

12
12

14

3
3

6

10
3

10

11
5

13
8

11

160.50-236.50

-

52
31
21
10

64
<♦4

11
2

5

16
16

1

-

*

1

*
"

“
"

-

*
*
“

2

3

-

-

-

3

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

Avcrn
weekly
hours1
(standard

*

Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

s

$
100

110

S

$

$
120

130

140

$
150

S
160

$

S
180

200

I
220

5

S
240

260

$
280

£
300

%

$
320

340

$

$
36o

380

1 -------

I
400

420

and

44o
and

under
n ?

120

200

220

240

260

289

300

320

34Q

34

61

10
4

11
9
2
2

2
3

-

37
-

16

35
9
26
14

5

11
50
26

40
12
28

14

2
32

1

-

21
15
6

1
1
-

9

20
35

16
5
11

4
4

8
0

12

1

5

130

140

IS O

160

. 180

-

10
2
8

380

400

3
3
•

-

-

-

-

-

-3 6 0 .

440

oyer

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 4f)

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTE R OPERATORS, CLASS --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------f i n a n c e ------------------------

255
65

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

iv a
86

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

CQM°'JTFA OPERATORS. CLASS » ------MANUFACTURING ------------------n ONMAnUF a c t u r i n g ------------

358
137
221
84

3
3
3
3

2u8
167

3 9 .0
3 9 . (.

FINANCE --------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------NONMANUF a CTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------FINANCE -----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE -----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS R ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------N O NM AN UF a CT UR IN G — — ----— --------

33
76

156
113
57

336
51
2 tib

PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------FINANCE ----------------------

62
122

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------NUNMANUFACTUPING ---------------FINANCE ------------------------

119
99

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
RUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------N0NM»NUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE -----------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

38. <
\

168
163
169

1 6 7 . 00

2 9 5 . 00
2 9 2 . 00
2 8 7 , 50

$
50 -2 5 0 .5 0
00 -2 5 9 .0 0
50 - 2 3 6 .0 0

-

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

1
1
-

174

00 - 2 X 4 .5 0

-

*

-

-

-

8

17

50
50
00

164
140

2
2
-

1
-

31
8
23

164

00

!5 o

00 - 1 7 7 . 5 0

-

1

1

10
4

53
31
22

134
33

1

5
1
4

13
3

156

00 - 1 9 J . 0 0
o .. - 2 0 9 . 0 0
Oo - 1 8 4 . J 0

14

17

149
144

00
00

00 - 1 7 4 . 0 0
0? - 1 7 3 .6 0
OC - 2 8 9 . 0 0

12
12

35
35

29
29

28
9

16
11

35
29

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

11
10
4

19
9

00
00

l3 o
146
20 =

3
3

238

6

5

2

_
-

13
13
13

130

50 - 1 6 0 . 0 0

1

1

17

24

3

11

10

6

3

50
00
U0

?b 6
258
253

00 - 3 3 0 . 5 0
OC - 3 2 b . b 0
50 - 3 1 7 . 0 0

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

5

-

34
31

23
13

25
24

11

11

10

50
00
DO

211
20?

63

33
6
27

22
1
21

2
15

2
8

139

2b9
287
277

00

21]
?5o

221

oo

19-

O': - 2 6 9 . J o
00 -2 5 2 .0 0
0 .- 2 7 m . 6 0
00 -3 6 H .0 0
50 - 2 5 3 . 0 0

167
17?
1 bo

00 - 2 0 7 . 0 0
50 - 2 0 7 . 0 0
0 o- 2 0 3 .5 0

2 4 7 . no
2 m 1. 00
2 4 8 . 00
3 1 1 , 50
2 2 5 . 00

236
244
230
364

_

1

-

-

*

10
10
10

“

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

101
29

23
2
21

55

23
5
18

1

1

12

18

2
2
2

4
4
4

29

37
37

62
11
51
4
27

5
5

62
4

2

20

18
45
14
19

8
5
4

1
8

24

50
C0

183

5C

196
62
134

4 O .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 5 2 . 50
3 5 6 . 00
3 5 1 , 00

35o
353
345

00
00
50

31 r
316

5o - 3 9 6 . 5 0
50 - 3 9 5 . 0 0

i

3

14

19

1

3oo

0O - 4 1 4 . 0 0

i

3

13

3
16

211
65

3
3
3
3

2 9 7 50
2 9 8 . 00
50
00

295
290
295
288

00
(10
00
bo

267
268

297
282

12
43
9

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

232

50

238

00

229

00

236

oc

2 1 1 .0 * . - 2 5 1 . 5 0
2 1 1 .0 0 - 2 5 1 . 5 0

4 0 .0

264

00

235

272
248

5o

237

4 0 . C

2*2

00
50
50

259
273
242

00

40*0
4 0 .0

240

k

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

20 5

lbto
63

lui
Sib

2 l)9
19C

1 6b

9
9
9
8

.5
.5
.5
.5

4 0 m0
4 0 . G

2 ‘9
199
187

50
50

198

00

267
?64

229

O 226

00
00

00

200
191

on

oo

190

oo

“

“

_

Oo - 3 1 4 . 5 U
5(. - 3 3 5 . 0 0
00 - 3 1 1 .0 0
0O - 3 0 6 . 5 0

0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0
0!
00
OO - 2 6 o . 0 u
5 -2 5 b * b 0

lb n . 0 '
1 8 6 .5
1 7 3 .0 0
1 6? .5 )

-2 2 1 .0 0
-2 2 5 .0 0
-2 1 0 .5 0
-2 0 3 .0 0

“

15
13

33

21
18

_

_

1

3

-

-

1

7

”

1

3
3

7

17
9
8
4

9
9

22

37

t
o

21

37

6

63
31
32
32

142

103
44
59
59

9b
74

102

h0

36

4

50
41
9

27

70
32

32

3

4

3

n
H

-

-

“

-

-

“

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

«
.

_
_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

7

9

t
o

7
4

“

-

_
-

2

-

3
1

-

-

14

8

_

-

9

-

_

4

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

4

7

97
55
42

-

-

-

4

12
12

6

37

1
136
79
57
54

37

_

-

_

5
5

-

-

-

-

•

.
-

-

15
4
4

16

19

11
6

11
2

10
9
3

5
2
3

1
1
-

35

-

-

35

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

2
2
2

3
1

-

-

1

~

*

-

•*
-

-

-

*

_

5
1
4
-

*

“

“

“

16
7
9

22
8
14

18

8

3
15

1
7

_

-

35

-

_

5
5
2

58
5

184
189

495
3j2
193




3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 7 9 . 50
1 9 0 . 00
1 7 3 . 00

1 6 2 . 50
1 6 2 . 00
2 4 0 . 50
1 4 8 , 00

$
1 8P
191
18?

1 8 4 . 00
1 8 5 . 00
1 8 1 Oo

ORAFTERS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------SERVICES -----------------------

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

50
00
50
50

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

613
4 ’J 4

-----------------

.0
.5
.5
.5

$
208
225
201
192

86

ORAFTERS, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------SERVICES -----------------------

monmanufactuping

9
9
8
7

$
2<r4 0 0
2 2 3 . 50
2 2 4 . 50
1 9 6 . 50

83
59
59

55

21
17

1

*

27
14
13

27
8
19

19

22

7

10
1?

12

38

15

8

3
35
15

8
7
4

5

32
17

2
2

*

40
8

97
83
14
14

7

_

56
49
7
5

4

5

6
6

23

2

“

3
3

8
4
4

1

6

a

1

2
4

8

"

*

”
_

_

2

*

“

7
7

28
28

2
2

.
-

14

“

-

-

-

1

*

-

3
2
1

-

“

“

-

-

1
1
14

1
1

_
-

.
-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workeis

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
4

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

4

loo
Mean ^

Median £

Middle ranged

$

no

$
120

$

*
13 0

14o

5

150

160

%
180

$

S
200

4

i
220

240

$

260

4

$

280

300

8

4

$

320

340

360

380

4
S
400 420

and
under
no

$

44fl
and

120

130

15p

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

78

47

81

16

41
22
19

81
45
36

16
11

6

-

-

380

400

420

440 over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
328
216

$

$

$

64

39.5 188.00 176.50 157.00-221.00
176.00 lbo.00-224,50
168.50 182.50 lbo.53-213.00
160.00 17-,.^0

130
81

39.5 146.00 135.00 129.50-161.O0
39.5 154.00 137.00 135.00-184.50

112

620
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS

A-

428
173

•G

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS 8ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS CNURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

See footnotes at end of tables.




. ..

8

*

i
i

74
1

8

23

53
38
-

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

40.0 233.50 225.up 225.0040.0 244.00
>1.5u 231.00-

280

40.0 203.00 199.00 193.00-212.50

115
89

39.0 237.00 237.00 2l3.5u-256.50
240.00

246.50
270.00

2

f?

6

2

* nn

537
100

20

_

8

J

36

47
41

1

242.00 227.00 218.0C-267.O0
.-47. _0 ■ 0.00 212.00-277.00
f
—

40.0 279*00 275.00 246.00-310.00
285.00
0*0

*

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

3
-

23

1-6

16
16
194
124

38
i

22

27

130

93

75
22

b9

i

13
13

1
1

13

1

7

19

113

-

2

7

11

-

59

14

282
23

76

71

41
23

30
28

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

16

57
b4

69

55
55

16 .
10

21

*

6

1
1

3
3

-

-

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
f
*
%
$
S
S
*
S
S
$

(standard)

Occupation and industry division

s

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard)

umber
of
orkere

S
100

Median £

Middle ranged

$

120

140

150

160

170

130

140

16

10

24

27

3

10

15
9

9
6

21
17

17
13

34
13
21
9

10
5
5
.

11
10
4

19
9
6

5
5
5

c
Z

~

2

2
2

5
5

3.
*
27

H

2 1

6

2 '

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

4
4
4

14
4
10

7

24
1
23
17

28
5
23
13

26
6
20
4

8
8

14
14

a
a

_

11
6
*

10
4

_

7
6
“

i

2

39.0 235.50 216.50 182.00-331.00
38.5 194.1'; 192.5.1 17" . 0 -212.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS o ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE -----------------------

163
69
114
5a

39.;.
39.5
38.5
38.5

1 6 ".00-209.O0
18".00-277.uC
152.00-183.00
150.00-170.00

-

-

-

i

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

113
90
33

39.(’ 16 3.50 172.50 142.0 '-213.00
39.5 184.0" 172.5" 137.00-215.00
39.5 24 0 •50 236.00 21.5.00-284.00

i
i

4
4
~

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

100
82

39.0 2e7.50 283."0 2 5 5 . 0m-322 . 5 "
i
39.0 260.50 274..'!) 255.0 ,-29 d.v’

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE -----------------------

197
169
100

39.0 258.50 244.u0 21-.0,-292.00
36.5 259.50 247.50 2 1 1 . 0 -29.+ . 00
38.0 225.50 227.00 144.00-259.00

i
i

_

_

_

“

"

*

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

_
“

i

_
"

300

%

*

320

34o

5

3
>

i
360

3o0

400

420

i

280

24Q

30 0

10

10
9

4

9
21
11

3
1

1
1

2
~

17
15
2
1

1
1

5
1
4

4
4

_

13
1J
13

30

13

-

2

-

320

340

-

37
-

-

37
-

36 O

3
3

3 8 ,.

-

-

-

8
8
-

5
5
-

-

-

_
-

-

_

3
3

15
11

8
3

2

1
-

36
35
“

over

-

-

”

*

.
-

-

.
-

_

-

”

*

d

_

_

“

“

“

*

4

3

420

-

-

“

*

4 0

_

_

_

.

.

"

“

“

“

“

17
16
16

24
20
15

25
21
18

33
2t
16

27
61
1i

15
14
*

2
1
1

-

i

a
7
7

2
2

3
3

5
4

31
31

21
16

7
4

_

_

_

O

“

-

*

_

*

“

*

“

J

3
1I

22
14
8

22
8
14

12
7
s

11"
2

a

J

i
s

14

i

_

6
5
5

i

“

1
1
1

-

1

n
a
3

*7

1-

16
13

10
7

5
-

h

1
1

6
4

H
8

56
49

14

7
7

2M

d
d

-

-

6
6

3
d

i

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

i

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

”

i
i

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

1 22
62
60

39.5 344.00 332.50 307.00-375.50
40.0 356.00 353.00 314.5.-393.00
39.5 332.00 322.to 289.50-351.3.,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

126
77

39.5 304.00 294.00 269.00-333.3"
39.5 305.50 296.50 267.5!-326.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

38u
308

40.0 262.50 266.50 252.00-305.0J
40.0 285.00 289."0 2 60. 0 ;-305.uu

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

DRAFTERS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- -----

163
128
55

40.0 233.00 239,50 2u'♦•00— 260*00
-259 • oO
40.0 231.00 232.00 203.0 ’
40.0 237.50 254.50 207.00-279.uu

_

_

_

-

-

2
1
1

9

-

2
2

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

195
131

DRAFTERS-TRACERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------

-

_

2
7

*
.

1
1

J
3

11

1i
4

zo

7

4
3

9
6

28
23

6"
)

?i
oj

94
+

4+4

37

24
4

7

Zb

5

9

14
12
2

SO
41

3

16
15
1

*

d\l

d

12
12

7
6

11
11

-

-

-

*

-

2
12
V

-

-

-

Z

2

1
1

2
1

12
6

27
17

10
3

15
11

37
23

59
36

17
7

14
14

9
8

2
2

4

b
i

16
16

6
6

-

1

3

1

10

17

98

97

297

1 ?6

-

-

-

-

2

3

1

20

25
4

h7

23
18

14

r 3

■

db

“

7

u

4

*

2
2

-

-

39.5 2 1 0 . 0 0 215. v 0 175.0 '-235.0;,
39.0 214.00 219.00 1 6 ".O!-236.05

_

_

-

-

77
57

39.5 156.50 145. 10 133. O1 -I8 8 . 00
39.0 161.50 145."0 1 3 1.0-163.3*;.

-

2

878

40.0 239.50 225.00 218.00-259•dO

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFACTURING -------------------

342
157

40.0 274.50 268.50 244.00-309.3j
40.0 238.50 289.00 ?46*0 i>-330 »oQ

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

lt)9
84

39.0 239.50 24:,.„G 217.0'-259.J0
39.5 242.50 243.00 2 2 + . 0 '-256.30




260

8
8

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 7 4 .5 )

5 at $440 to $460;

26o

10
2

1
1
-

$

2 1 1 .5 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0

134
66

* Workers were distributed as follows:

240

220

$

33.0 199.00 197.10 1 8 1 . 0 0-2 1 3. 00
37.5 197.50 194.00 16).00-209.00

220

*QQ

2 2 4 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

17b.00
209.00
16e.C0
159.50

200

mo

160

2 3 6 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

3 9 ,( )

51

152.00
226.00
17l.5u
162.00

18o

170

150

$

IBS

74
67

130

and

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------toONMANUFACTURING ---------------FINANCE -----------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

120

and
under
no

ALL WORKERS

no

s

%

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

”

“

1 at $460 to $480; and 1 at $480 to $500.

-

2

i

n
3
2
2

5
2

8
7

13
9

9

53

36

51

n

7

-

-

-

37
j

36
22

51
46

11
11

-

15
Id

*
4

I
1

-

-

-

3d
?3

7
-

-

54

59
16

3

d

3

-

-

in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS AS
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS b:

113

256
74
162
121

30 * 1 2 ^ t
"
39.0 141.00
38.5 114.00
38.5 106.00

416

39.0 196.00
38.5 168.00
38.5 188.00
38.0 203.50

b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

CLAoS A

b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

operators,
operators*

39.0 1




226

39.0 167.50
39.0 190.50

125
133
167
78
343
940
191
256
295
136
69
64

189.50
139.00
148.50
146.50

39.0
36.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
37.0

137 00
151.00
132.00
144.00
127.00
123.50
135.50

38.5 15J.50
39.0 152.00

346
305
251

38.5 115.50
38.5 108.50
38.0 104.00

394
70

38.0 107.00
37.5 110.50'
106.50
38.0 105.00

236

06*"
1,178
2,887
Kt. i A I L

40.0
39.0
39.0
37.5

r»

-

1 KAUu

338
218
1,449
648

61

39.0

158
J■ i *2 2
»
138.00

—.

,,r

.

30. j

492
253

nn ^ 1
nn
1^1*An
30*^

378
164.00

39 0
39.5 188.50

39.0
38.0
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

130.00
128.00

38.5 156.50
38.5 173.50
^

127.00

,

189.00
38.0 188.50

OD'1

137.00
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

operators,

3^4
231

633
51
70
54

178.00
39.0 215.00
39.0
39.0 173.00

86

38.0 199.00

15°.00

256

1*135

1,574
448
1,126
97
86
639

38.5
39.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

171.00
199.00
159.50
173.50
167.50
148.00
178.50

_

r; •r

74

39.0 125.00
127.00
nn*n
J .0 125.00

lifts
39.0 166.00

, , ,

'
“09
253

137 00

,

.

Weekly ^
(standard)

$
11453

on*).
JB.O 146.00
_

_

837
263

38.0 130.00
38.5 128.50

856
291
NONMANUFACTURINGS

135
106

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

*
164 50
155.00

36.5 123.50

61

38,5 160.00
39.0 122.50

nn*^
52

T„ n r

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

$

39.0

i r\ .
-

51

Sex, occupation, and indu*try division

on*'J *3
_

51
139
BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
493

MANUFACTURING -------------------

156
154
122

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Average
(mean*)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
40.0 255.00

55

Number
of

130.00
1

112.00
538
101

37T 0

in Baltimore, Md., August 1975— Continued
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(m ete2 )

Sex, occupation, and induetry division

PROFESSIONAL AND
OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weakly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

39.0 227.00
39.0 228.00
38.0 198.00

274
77
197
75

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

u ^ N J f v n J n
U i L J
L D

NONMANUFACTURING

182.50
202.00
175.00
168.00!

------ --------------

53

PROGRAMMERS,

127
93
266
227
59
S3

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

39.5 297.50,
39.5 291.00

PROGRAMMERS*

82
65
55

117

40.0 355.50

251.50
253.50
311.00
230.00

38.0 182.501
37.5 183.50
37.5 178.00|

ELECTRONICS

CLASS

A-

ELECTRONICS

■

149
95

CLASS

8-

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

C-

426
171
255

40.0 279.00
285.50
275.00

197

40.0 244.00

268

40.0 204.00

39.0 161.50
39.0 164.00

70
58

38.5 228.50
38.5 225.00

84

237.50

39.0 230.00
PROFESSIONAL

4^2

J

TECHNICIANS,

$
243.00
40.0 247.50

75
bi

38.0

200.00
40.0

AND

TECHNICAL

248.5C
242.50'

COMPUTER

NURSES,

See footnotes at end of tables.




TECHNICIANS,

ELECTRONICS

76

W .skly
earnings 1
(standard)

1,222
617

ANALYSTS,
---------------------

Weakly
hours 1
(standard)

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

355.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - - - - - - - - -204 -40.0
-----------186 40.0
SERVICES ---------------------------------

b K1
t V

COMPUTER

177

55

39.0 154.00

39.0
39.0
40.0
38.0

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

n o n m a n u p a c t u r i n g

NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weakly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

r-

PROGRAMMERS,

Weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Average
(m ean*)

•*
«*

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

TECHNICAL
- MEN

214
169
76

COMPUTER

Number
of
woiken

Earnings data in table A-3 relate only to workers whose sex
identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A-l and A-2, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

PROGRAMMERS,

INDUSTRIAL

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

(REGISTERED)

---

large establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE
CLERKS,

OCCUPATIONS

ACCOUNTING,

-

CLASS

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours ‘
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

MEN

40.0

U r . *

SECRETARIES

-

OCCUPATIONS

-

CLASS

39.5

133.50

60

ACCOUNTING*

39.0

,

vLM uu

L LM ob

39.5

n

39 •S

™

39.0

L L n Jib

39.C

L

147.50

bt

39 .i
39.5

160.50

157

39.5

122.50

180
137
ion

39.0
38.5
30.0

123.00
112.00
lCc-.OO

154
137
93

39.0
38.5
38.5

113.50
110.50
106.50

196
164

l««.0O
213.00
1 8 0 . 50
167.50

*97
51

(
3 9 . C 1 9 1 . a l|
38.5 173.00
38.5 163.50

38.0
38. j

127.5(
123.50

162.00
211.50
166.00
167.5(1
148.50

121
81

166

39.0
39.5

143

39.5

*73

38.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

125

38.5

2,155
692
1,463
160

PROGRAMMERS,
39.»
6b

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
v U b 1 Ttubb f v L A b b

170.50
185.00

139

COMPUTER

36.0

39.5
60.0

ANALYSTS,
"*

A

SYSTEMS

_

60.0
60.0
40 .C

188.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

143.00

V*
trl

306.00
310.00

285.00
235.50
2 3 1 . 50

859

60.0

A-

342

60. C 2 74.50
288.50

----

99

164.00
39. j
,
39.5

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

346.00
356.00
334.00

OPEPATORS,

ELECTRONICS
160.00
148.50
131.00
128.50

270.00
271.50
232.50

ANALYSTS,
39.5

39. ( 1 4 9 . 5 0
f
38.5 143.50
126.00

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

157.00
16 h •00

:
117.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

130.00
200.00
173.00
234. 0 0 ,
1 7 1 . on1
155.00

393

39.0

119.00
113.00

NOT E : Earnings data in table A-3a relate only to workers whose sex identification wa$ provided by the establishment.
to all workers in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)




290.50
282.50

165.50
176.00
159.50
142.50

166.00
189.50
1 - 3 • 0 l;
2

1«3.00
186.50

PROGRAMMERS,

162.50

502
172
330

795

COMPUTER

_n ..r n p

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

*■

39.5

60

39.0

1 KAU L

TECHNICAL
- MEN
$
39 . C 239.00
39.5 2 39.50
36.5 196.50

COMPUTER

166

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

123
59

:
39.5

Weakly
hours 1
standard)

$
216.00
i-U7. j 0

161.00

K L 1A IL

Number
of
workers

2US.50
3L w K L 1 A K i C j ,

CLASS

39.0

113
J jl
289

167
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

L vK L 1 AK 1 L u ,

A:

:

ACCOUNTING,

PROFESSIONAL AND
OCCUPATIONS

-

WOMEN

86
c l e p k s

Sex, occupation, and industry division

J09.00

145
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

Average
(mean2 )

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

i t L H i . 1 AK i L b t

1^7

OFFICE

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

At
106

CLERKS*

Number
of
woikeit

38.5
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

229.50

39.0

2 3 5 . 5G
240.00

Earnings data in table A-la and A-2a, on the other hand, relate

Hourly earnings

ALL WORKERS

Middle range 2

BOILER TENDERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

71
62

$
6.03
6.18

$
5.99
6.27

$
$
5.50- 6.38
5.81- 6.3a

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

295
142
1S3

5.68
6.35
5.05

5.68
6.55
5.32
3.00

4.835.484.005.68-

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

656
524
132

6.44
6.57
5.94

6.45
6. 80
6.29

5.74- 7.4o
5.84- 7.49
5.50- 6.29

-

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -------------MANUFACTURING ----- --------------

402
278

5.72
5.92
5.28

5.54
5.63
4.82

4.82- 6.55
5.14- 6.59
4.82- 5.6?

-

6.19
6.19

o
o

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
T --- ”5
3 ---- %
"J----"5---- 6
"5----1 ---- %
5
*
i
1 ----1 --- -%--- *
$
4.20 4.40 4,60 4.80 5.00 5 20 5.40 5 .60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6,40 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60

l

Mean 2 Median2

r
u
o

Occupation and industry division

*
S
3.40 3.60 3.ao
Under
,
$
ana
3.40 under
5.60 3.80 4.00
%

Number
o
f

4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5 40 5 ..60 5 .80 6.00 6.20 6.4C 6.60 h i 2JL 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 _2aJLP

5.63- 6.6]
5.63- 6.6]

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------

12 4

1

10

1

1
“

*

*

5
1

1
1

3
“

6
6

12
12

“

20
2)
!

•

4
4

-

*

“
“

10
10

*

26
5
21

22
22

5
1
4

2
2

4
4

23
23
-

19
2
17

5
5
“

35
4
31

lu
4
6

27
14
13

12
12

13
12
1
1

14
11
3

53
52
1

6
6
i

1

-

-

1
1
“

16
7
9

2
2
*

23
14
9

7
7
*

23
21
2

43
39
4

27
15
12

21
21
*

28
25
3

37
34
3

86
25
63

15
7
8

125
107
18

35
35

144
144
*

3
3

3
3

-

34
34

43
42
1

30
14
16

12
11
1

30
29
1

27

-

-

5

30
20
10

14

22

2

24
21
3

34
34

*

70
20
50

u
9

"

28
28

d

-

7
7

5
5

6
6

19
19

5
5

16
16

2

9
9

2
2

9
9

11
11

-

-

2

18
10

*

"

21
21

14
14

2

4
1

54
54

33
33

28
26

4
3

62
25

11
9

162
153

27
27

203
203

-

-

2

70
70

33
27
6

49
17
32
5
”

18
5
13
1
“

24
7
17
5
"

82
24
58

54
7
47
11
“

656
87
569
531
26

46
7
39
21
18

11
4
13

30

-

6
6
-

“

30
30
“

-

6

92
10
82
lo
•

66
4
62
26

“

38
11
27
3
“

32
31
1

47
47
*

67
67

46
38
8

78
78
*

100
loo
-

84
70
6

18
b
1C

118
117
1

230
137
101

201
169
32

778
765
13

1
1
*

-

“

8

10

1
1

8
7

5
5

”

53
53

20
20

5

5
5
“

3
3
"

11
11
“

8
7
1

23
23
”

2

-

-

-

•

*

*

*

29
29

6a
60

133
133

77
77

-

_

16
16

-

“

_
-

7
7

-

.
"

2
1
1

-

_

“

•

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

m

6.29
6.29

M A C H I N I S T S . M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

698
646

6.88
6.93

6.84
6.97

6.24- 7.6 i
f
6.24- 7.6a

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------

1,429
405
1.024
650
68

6.16
5.35
6.51
6.62
6.06

6.71
4,99
6.65
6.85
6.71

5.604.476.156.854.25-

6.84
6.64
6.84
6.9,,
7.0Q

-

M E C H A N I C S . M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

2,012
1,838
174

6.60
6.56
6.83

6.98
7.16
6.98

5.85- 7.45
5.78- 7.45
6.80- 7.09

33
33
-

220

6.75
'3

6.88

148
86
60

5.30
6.10
4.13

4.92
6.33
3.90

4.11- 6.48
4.83- 7.23
3.50- 4.50

4

18

4

17

421
393

6.63
6.90

7.21
7.21

6.33- 7.32
6.55- 7.37

-

28

5.93

6.25

5.43- 6.25

6.67
6.79

6.64
7.18

6.15- 7.3"
6.07- 7.3P

-

-------------------

131
107

----------------------------------

405
395

6.87
6.9u

7.16
7.16

6.20- 7.59
6.24- 7.54

_

-

*

« r- .*

tLuV
P A I N T E R S . M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PIPEFITTERS,

----------------------------

MAINTENANCE

manufacturing

NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC UTILITIES
SHEET-METAL

WORKERS,

manufacturing
TOOL

AND

DIE

-------------MAINTENANCE

MAKERS

manufacturing




—

114

6.63
7.13
5.7o
5.68

-

'

_

2

“

2

_

.

_

“

*

“

5
5

5
5

-

-

14
2
12
12

50
38
12
6

126
123
3
2
“

3
1
2
2

“

15
15

1
1

1
1
-

1
1

58
57
1

74
73
1

36
36

1
1
-

'* '

1

7
“
7

6
6

8

3

7

3

-

-

-

-

1

-

11
9
2

14
14
“

2
“
2

4
4

5
1
4

4
3
1

7
7

-

9
9

9
8

4
4

28
27

u
5

18
15

1

9
8

17

“

1

“

1

6

3

1

1

*

-

8
5

i
i

16
16

1
~

6
5

21

-

6
4

1

7
5

21
19

5
J

44
44

“

“

*

3
3

"

-

1

-

-

-

15
15

1

d

-

-

1
-

16
16

"

d

6

10
lo
•

23
23

15

"

-

1

“

3
1
2

-

1

i
i

“

0

•

d

”

*

2

8
8

6
6

35
35

22
22

“

4
4

“

16
14

48
48

30
30

81
81

69
69

59
09

2
2

.
-

Hourly ea

Numb e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Kings’

Occupation and industry division

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

%

s

3 .80

3
>
4 .0 0

4 .20

$
4 .4 0

s
4 .60

s
4

80

£
5 .0 0

1
5 .2 0

4
5 .40

S
5

60

$
5 .8 0

6
6 .0 0

J. O O

*.oo

4 .2 0

4 t 4Q

4 , 6 0 4.8 fl

5

00

5 .2 0

5 ,4 0

5 .6 0

5

80

6 .00

0

a

”

~

“
~

"
•

5
i

1
1

3
“

6
6

4
4

-

-

5

4
4

“

~

23
23
”

19
2
17

5
5
“
*

35

“
~

2
“
2

1
1

16
14
2

7
7
~

23
21
2

42
38
4

8

8

7
6

10

5
5

$
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 . 60

$
6 .8 0

7 .00

7 .40

7 .80

8 .20

6 . ‘+0

6 .6 0

8,

80

7 .00

7 .40

7 .80

8 .20

8 .60

-

20
20

*

4
4

-

-

"

10
10

-

20
10
10

12

13
12
1
1

3
3
-

8
8
*
*

53
52
1
“

6
5
1

1
1
”

-

-

31
30

7
4
3
1

“

-

20
15
5

21
21
~

28
25
3

33
30
3

78
15
83

15
7

59
41
18

30
30

30
30
"

128
128
-

3
3

-

16
16
«

8

24
21

30
14

2
1

la

12
11

30
29

6
6

21
16

30
20

14

7
7

5
5

6
6

19
19

5
5

16
16

2

13
18

9
9

_

?

2
?

9
9

5
5

1
1

4
1

22
22

21
21

23
23

4
3

62
25

11
9

22
13

92
92

27
27

179
179

-

6
6

2
i
1
1

22
17

6
5

12
7

99

7
7
-

4

19

%

$
8.60

and
under
3 .9 0

ALL

5
3*60

1

t
3 .4 0

Number
of

t?
o

WORKERS
$
6*06
6 .20
223

---------------------------

$
$
5 . 5 Q— 6 . 3 8
5 .6 3 - 6 .69

6 .1 o

6 .05

* 05
SB

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE

$
6 .2 7
6 .2 7

5 .7 4

6 .1 7

r r-..

! 1
11 0!
1 ■

6 .3 3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS* TOOLROOM

—

114

6 .2 9

5 .6 8

5
5
5
5

-

7.13
7.1 ?
6 .0 5
5 . BA

6 .4 2
6 .7 7
6 .2 9

5 .8 4 b .656 .2 9 -

7 .49
7 .49
6 .3 5

1
1

6 .3 2
6 .3 2

5 .6 2 5 .5 9 -

6.8=6 .8 ?

”

6 .1 9

5 .6 3 5 .6 3 -

6.61
6 .6 )

6 .2 9 6 .5 5 -

7 . 6r
7 .68

6 .1 5 5 .9 ?-

6 .9 3
6.9 ?

6 .2 0 6 .1 8 -

6.9o
6 . Bp

7 .3 3 • 6 .9 7
7 .1 2
7 .11

.3
.3
.3
.6

2
6
2
9

“

1

“

1
”
1

5
1

2

”
”

“

"
2
“
“

”

3
-

-

-

“

12
12

8

-

_

-

•
)

-

-

2

-

1

”

“
“

”

3
3
-

15
15

18

8

-

-

10
10

.

_

-

70
70

-

-

6
6
-

”

*

11
11

MECHANICS * AUTOMOTIVE
17a
90
.

r~, „
170

6 .4 8
6 .4 9
6 .3 4

6 .6 6
6 .4 ?
6 .4 2

7.0 0

7 .2 9

6 .6 4 -

7.3 3
7.3 0

6 .4 2 -

5 .76
6 .43

4 .7 5 4 .8 3 -

6 .97
7.23

1
1

53
6 .90

7 .21
7 .21

6 .3 3 6 .5 5 -

7.3 ?
7.37

”

26

5 .9 3

5 .4 3 -

6 .2 5

131

6 .6 7

6 .6 4
7 .1 8

6 .1 5 6 .0 7 -

7 .5 ,
7 .39

-

7 .1 6
7 .2 5

6 .4 3 6 .4 3 -

7 .59
7 .59

“

6 96
6 .9 9




3
i
2
2

i

1

36

“

12

5
5

1
1

5
5

13
12
1
1

18
10
8
8

23
4
19
15

22
7
15
11

27
27
-

*

17
4
13
“

25

78

16

84

18

76

75

148

185

778

3

20
20

5
5

8
8

2
2

21
21

64
64

27
27

11
11

1
-

7
7

23
23

2
2

-

-

29
29

2
2

58
58

133
133

77
77

-

-

4

2
2

35

4

35

2?
22

.

4

-

4

7
7

23
23

81
81

69
69

69
59

2
2

4

5 .7 4
6 .1 3

NONMANUFACTURING:

See footnotes at end of tables.

i

"
2
2

”

7 .3 *

421
393

—

“

1

111
da

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAlNTtNANCE

“

“
*
~

7.71

6 .9 0

*

5
1

3

2
~

"

9

2

9

4

8

4

3

4

3

4

5

1

3

3
3

5

3
3

28
27

11

18
15

1

9
8

17
2

*

9

”

”

14
14

9

"

11

8

5

“

_

-

1
1

“

-

1

“

1

6

3

1

i

-

-

-

-

6

”

3
3

“

*

*

5

i
i

16
16

1
*

6
5

21
2

“

-

“

15
15

-

2

2

44
44

16
14

1

-

-

—

-

8

•

-

8

*

*

16
16

15

”

-

60
39
39

i
i

7

5

3
i

8
8
48
48

-

_

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
8
5
$
3
>
1 --------- "5 ---------- $
5
$
6
$
s
—
T --------i
5
2.4l) 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00

Hourly earnings

M edian

2

Middle range 2

and
under
2.80

1

•

Mean2

f

of
workers

1 ----------

2.10

L

Occupation and industry division

%

Number

^ .4 -j

2.60 8,80 3,00 3.2? 3.4(1 3 t6 i 3.80 4.00 4 . 2 0 4.40 4.60
f

R.2Q 5,60 6.00 6.4(J 6*80 7.2u 7. b0 8.00 8.40

ALL WORKERS
$

7
1
2*482
GUARDS:

$
2 *9n
, ^

f j* } 3

$
-

* -i .
3*7

7 *

7

754
24
730

359

3 * /(?
c .. J

32
356

9.36- 5.7?

3^05
2.35

•

I

94 ■
*

l ,7 j

8*526

2 .7d

7*137

2.*1

577
1.171

2 I39

3.361
1.956
*346
sfnULL ^ m LI. It m U

9.35

2.25

2)35
2.ID
*06
3.96

6.0 0

3^54- 5^3”
o7

1.916

9.79

1*533

cai

259

<3
5.75
3 9
3.68

31C
543

9.55

325

83
187

57

148
39

76

3.80- 6.90

30

54
29

_

2

81
-

3.03
3.69

2.94- 4 ) 1 3

3.75- 5.3^

, "

*
. *

3
*

•( z
.

• 3
291

9 .9 7

CO

1
-..01

'
13j,

56
19
37

4i
"

30

311

131

161

27

39
F5

h4

*

2

92

43
15

139
45
94
43

13

45

23

74
31
43

388
348

*6
*
27

150
114
36
23

39

18

38

269

93

38

250
45

276

335

154

243

114
13

172
93
79
40

212

287
18

12

15

79

22

37

165
112
53

1?
"
25

97

56
8
48
36

16

128

117

.

44

*"72

7

93

38

6
"

78

300

47

15

25

13

ti
t
“

100
77

29

-

30
J6
-

2

""nn
;
77
r2

53

6

73

1

.

47

158
71
87

12

??

15

8
1

38

9.35

20

66
405

2^3

402

76
58
18
15

27
18

38

13
_

2

*

37

25

37

29

38

13
13
J

20
1

37

3

12

25

22

hH

12

25

13

r8

J1

11

*
*

16
16

7

37

-»«-a
**
2

27

24
23

25

1

3.75- 5.1
.C

41
26
15
12

_

10

4 I5 7 - 5 )2 9
4.33- 6.84.31 C.- ,

^ *p

16
23

K4

b5

_ *_ 1
J.

28

12
59

20

3

1Q

rjj

,

IKr l/t "

.

1
7

80

70
31

69
8

3*75 6*u'
3.92- 5.13

*72

.

Q

3^

9.57

10

15
-

1^

56
38

44
,

272
27
245

229
135
94

fr

J

5.30




362

2

ho

1
192

4.65- 6!9?

6 70

afl

WlrJLL^ALl- 1r h J .
f

411

. .

11

7*

692

h t 1A 1L

1?0
26
124

611

7X

Wl
*

r4

21

'
,*t

2.10- 3.1- 3668 1 2 d 2
^*7.1 3667 1 2 2 1
,
5#*
^"*33
'" 3 1 3 *7 r
J
44
75
2.5o- 3.33
2.20- 2.95 284 34b

2.50- 4.S '

739

-

65
34

2

WATCHMENS
JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEA m ERS ---

^J

g

22

»

TL^

^i j

949

15
-

22

-

-

N u mber of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
*
%
%
T ---- j
*
J
>
>
%
5
T ---- *
$
i
%
%
i
4.6Q 5.20 5.60 6.00 o.4r;
2.bo 2 80 3 .00 3.20 3.40 3 •6o 3.6o 4.00 4.2o 4.4o 4 .

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

D
T
i
2.10 2.2o 2
and
under

2 .60 2.80 3 00 3 ,20 3.40 3.60 3 .80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4,6?

2.20

b
t
)
.8 . 7.t0 7 6u 6.00
i

t
4.80 5.2 q 5.60 6. on 6.4 1 6.8o 7t?; 7 •o0 f no

ALL WORKERS-CONTlNUtD
TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

5,775
1,486
4,287
2.420
1,214
b*a

$
5.80
5.18
6.01
o.85
5.19
4# 66

$
6. 14
5.71
6.70
7.11
5.31
3.55

$
4.554.455.076.704.183.13-

$
7.1]
6.03
7.1]
7.1)
6.6)0
6.45

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

696
203
493
155

4.55
4.77
4«46
3.12

3.98
4.62
3.80
2.64

3.233.913.0 0^
2.70-

6.03
6.03
6• 7r
.
3,8i

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

1.461
387
1,094
336
221

5*30
5.36
5.28
4.03
3.37

5.81
6.03
4.38
4.18
3.25

3.944.843.753.793.10-

7.11
6.03
7.11
4.15
3.50

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MANUFACTURING — ----------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

2,188
288
1,900
1,182
565

6.49
5.19
6.69
6.90
6.17

7.06
5.03
7.08
7.03
£.67

6.494.366.496.495.61-

7111
6.21
7.1]
7.11
7.1*

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

439
335
104

5.02
4.86
5.49

4.85
4.85
4.75

4.45- 5, t 7
>
4.45- S.67
4.55- 7.11

-

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------w h o l e s a l e T r a d e ---------------

2,293
1,866
405
178

5.39
5.34
5.64
4.52

5.81
5.71
6. 64
4.70

4.444.414.70“
4.23-

_

-

“

-

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER -.THAN
FORKLIFT) -----•
'
--------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

247
149

6.13
6.72

5.80
6.92

5.23- 7.65
5.81- 7.65

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1,935
452
1 ,483
419
705
357

4.41
4.73
4.32
4.26
4» 66
3.71

4.35
4.72
4.35
4.35
4.75
3.68

3.954.223.933.934.552.75-




6.64
6.U
6.72
5.23

4.8*
5.17
4.75
4.36
4.8o
4.2b

*

-

_
-

29
6
23
23

53
31
22
16

70
70
10
46

53
19
34
34

91
2
69
14
60

153
51
102
21
68

159
46
113
63
47

132
34
98
1
84
13

147
70
77
2b
44

257
17
24o
16
205
16

96
45
53
6
46
*

232
182
50
1
48
“

82
46
36
15
20
“

205
89
116
78
18
17

188
5
183
27
156
“

571
382
189
32
151
6

419
412
7
1
6
•

29
6
23
23

6
6

70
70
46

35
19
16
16

29
29
“

36
3
33
14

12
12
“

53
15
38
11

79
27
52
44

32
8
24
“

_
*

24
22
2

10
6

21
4
17
i

5
b

4?
36
6

56
55
1

157
157

.
-

.
-

60

3
2
i
-

61
23
38
12

236
236
*

5
S
_
•

46 b
4*6

-

d

*

28
12
16
16

_
“

18
18
18

60
60
60

97
36
61
13
46

88
1
87
40
47

51
51
48
2

37
12
25
25
“

189
9
180
152
16

53
1
52
46
”

16
16
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
8
8

21
21
-

20
11
9

4
4
-

35
35

31
31
-

49
37
12

46
30
16

”

“

"

9

“

35

*

12

lo

4
18

19
19
-

_
*

24
10
14

8
8
-

24

24
-

-

-

1

131
95
36

4

4

23

-

4
4
-

_

-

”

33
24
9
9

40
37
3
3

19
13
6
6

100
100

13
4
9

27
13
14
14

123
113
10

144
118
26
26

112
112

71
47

7
7

-

*

1
1

321
63
256
195
40
23

143
39
104
4
71
29

"

_
-

-

7
7

-

31
2
29
-

29

79
5
74
-

74

42
36
6
6

13
3
10
-

3
7

2
2

58
1
57
-

31
25

53
12
41
1
6

34

-

23
6
17
2
12
3

56
32
24
1
14
8

19b
35
161
113
4
44

6

162
7

155
69
49
37

1

*

li
6

J
“

db
84

16

-

4f
.
4

.
-

415
412
3

bdb

61

er4
d*

142
1u6
36
<36

230
182
48

195
168
7

-

9
1

94
19

25
13

24
24

265
33
232
1?
215

37

69

6
-

8
204
b

b

2j

17
6

ii

*

b'‘
d9

ii
10
8

•
-

76
6
6

_

6

6

556
42

381
145

4

d

S9

-

"

12
-

-

.
•
*

-

-

_
-

6.
?
5
55
_

4n
IS

.

.
-

.
• *
_

.
-

*

72
72

12
to
r
-U
-

_

.
-

-

40

46

997

■

4>
t
-

115
111
4

1

-

184
124
*

4

22

20

-

99.1
809
175

82

22
d
20

-

124
Ic4
124

514
349
159

155
14
141
.
135

305
94
214

30
8
22

787 1925
4
47
740 1921
506 1737
169 1 7*
65
9

6
8
.
.
_

-

_

_
.

Table A-5a. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1975

_

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earhings of—
$
3
)
5
%
i
*
5
>
$
$
*
$
S
$
*
1 ---- *
l
$
$
S
S
s
2.10 2.20 2.A0 2 .60 2 .80 3.00 3 .20 3 .40 3 60 3 .80 A.00 A.20 A. 40 4.6U A. 80 5 .2 u 5.60 6.00 6. Ao 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00
Middle range 2 and
under
5.6J .6,00 6. AO 6.00 7.2o 7.60 -6-.0Q 8.40
2.20 2.A0 2.60 2 ,80 3 .00 3,20 3 |4Q 3 t62_ 3 J S L A i M . A.20 A.40 A.60 A.86

Hourly earnings

Number
Occupation and industry division

Mean 2 Median*

ALL WORKERS
1,266
350

$ '
3.A7
5.21

$
2 .8 0
5.11

$
$
2.20- A.85
A.89- 5.86

31
88
6A

A.12
3.6A
A.A2

A.03
3.52
A.55

A.03- M.3)
3.16- A. 19
3.36- 5.52

GUARDS t
MANUFACTURING ----- --------------

306

5.A2

5.11

A.90- 5.86

JANITORS, PORTEPS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE ------------------------

2,710
938
1,772
209
3A3
135

3.A8
A.88
2.7A
3.95
3. m 2
2.88

3.11
5.20
2.35
3.91
3.15
2.71

2.25A . 172.103.512.722.A5-

A.61
5.5l
3.lo
A.33
A.27
2.9 p

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIFS -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1,639
921
718
1b6
522

A.97
5.26
A.61
5.39
A.AU

A.65
5. A 1
M.50
5.44
3.91

A.02A.213,334.65”
2.99-

6.11
6.14
5.87
5.44
6.2fi

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

995
839
690

5.23
5.29
5.76

A.89
6.67
6.70

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------MANUFACTURING--------------- ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

208
75
133

A. 00
A.97
3. A6

RECEIVING CLEPKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

183
60
123
11A

5.53
5.00
5.7 b
5.89

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING I
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE ------------------------

309
2

106
2

29
11

Al
7

72
11

30

'
c
.

20
-

19
-

10
4

35
-

26
5

35
17

20
7

155
129

52
40

55
41

-

_
2
*

_
4

1
3

13

2
9

1
12
6

1
14
5

-

16
3

i
“

13
2
3

14
3
2

1
2
”

1
1

16
5

12

14

i

14
14

”

*

”

"

A
A

*
*

“

-

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

4

-

5

17

l

127

40

30

50

A

4

14

-

-

431
3
A28
30
21

161
161
33
22

9A
2
92
42
38

76
76
32
24
20

107
17
90
10
54
13

45
15
30
18
4

A3
1
42
18
10
2

61
23
38
13
12
A

109
A3
66
40
15
2

185
149
36
15
13
-

125
37
88
A3
45
*

58
26
32
9
23
-

87
8i
i
7
7
“

304
284
20
18
1
1

124
92
32
11
16
5

159
159
-

1
1
1

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

30
2
2d

41
3
38

AA
3
A1

28
A
24

83
45
38

17
2
15

27
2
25

40
5
35

53
10
A3

173
139
34

38

Al

24

38

15

25

27

39

18

146
77
69
65
4

18
15
3
3

258
188
70
64
6

71
45
26
26

85
76
9
9

153
51
102
36
66

134
73
61
61

_
-

28

54
7
A7
47

JO
JO

-

122
112
10
3
7

”

“

32
32
”

3.67- 6.7o
3*54- 6.7rj
A.25- 6.7o

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

17
17
10

AA
AA
8

29
28
5

103
91
8

36
36
36

26
26
26

46
45
AS

29
29
29

22
15
15

25
25
25

10
4
A

113
3
3

11
10
10

27
20
20

1
-

405
402
402

42
Al
Al

”

6
“

”

3.91
5. 0A
3.17

2.90- 5.0A
A.22- 5.63
2.75- A.07

-

1
1

1A
2
12

25
2
23

18
18

14
14

5
2
3

13
1
12

12
4
8

7
2
5

21
2
19

11
11
*

5
5

-

13

3
3
”

3
3
-

-

_
”

-

13

30
30
-

1
l

“

12
12
”

5.95
5.21
6. OA
6.75

A.»AA. A AA.55A.95-

-

-

3
3
3

3
3
3

_

2
1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
-

7
6
1
1

9
6
3

3
3
3

1
1
*

27
9
18
14

*
*

10
7
3
3

10
8
2
2

21
19
2
2

23
3
20
20

24
24
23

37
37
37

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

10

2

1

-

-

11

3

5

9

3

11

_

“

”

*

6
6
6

a
8
2

7
7
“

4

4
3
1
1
“

12
7
5

21
21
16
4

16
14
2
1
“

19
3
16
15
”

132
38

*

10
3
7
6
*

74
17

32
5
27
27
“

409
377
32
32
”

413
412
1
1
“

308
23
285
226
59

.

.

6

5

3

5

A

2

5
3

21
A

5
”

42
36

56
55

3

36
34

3
1

49
26

8

6.75
5.8 r
,
6.8;
6.8-

80

5.63

5.95

4.72- 6.8f

1,525
880
639
399
212

5.98
5.88
6.12
6.00
6.66

6.03
6.00
6, 70
6.70
7.30

5.72- 6.4c.
5 . 8 1 -6. 0 3
5.13- 6. 7 j
r
5.13- 6.76.AS- 7.3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

311
98

6.0A
5.87

6. 7Q
6.o3

5.81- 6.7n
5.81- 6.03

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

366
97

5.68
A. 80

6.03
5.03

5.72- 6.03
4.19- 5.6,

_

_

.

“

*

•

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------MANUFACTURING — — ---------------

339
126

6«56
5.93

6.70
6.12

6.12- 7.3(,
5.97- 6.21

”

TRUCKDRIVERS, HFAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------

1^5

5.77

5.67

5.67- 6.01




4
A

53A
1
533
2

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL t r a d e ------------------

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------

50
50
“

180
-

-

_

-

“

6
6

_

_

”

2
2

_

“

2
2
_

“

“

i
3
”

“

1
1

*

16
16

1
1

3
3

4
4

”

7
6

_

j

-

V4

“
“

“

-

23

-

-

-

-

124

”

124

•
”

”

157
”

“

”

”

“

236

5

_

_

_

“

”

”

”

”

"

124

_

_

”,

8

14
14

76
76

87
19

124

*

22
2

.

”

”

“

”

”

i

2

•

1

-

111

40

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-5a. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers—large establishments
in Baltimore, Md., August 1975— Continued
earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

6

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

S

*

$

3---- $

A . 00

A . 20

A.Ao

A . 60

A.Bo

5.2o

5 # 60

6.00

6. A0

6.80

7.20

M edian2

M iddle range 2

7.60

8.00

A . 00

A.2Q

A.A0

A . 6 J L A. Bp

5.2o

5.60

6.00

6 . A0

6,8 0 7.20

7.60

8.00

8.A0

62

112

$

S

2.10
M e an 2

$

2.20 2 . A o

2

2. So

.00

3.2o

3. A 0

$
I
3.6 q 3 .

2. A0 2 . 6 0

2.60 3 . 0 0

.20

3 . A0

3.60

3.80

i

•6 o

*

*

1

*
Bo

$

t ----

"3---- 5

"3----

i—

and
under
2.20

ALL W O R K E R S —
C O NT IN UE D
TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------TRUCKERS. POWER

1 9 545

1,302
2A3

$

b» db
5.75
6.39

$

$

6.11
6.10

o •6b

$

5.28- 6.68
5.26- 6.6„
6*64- 6*7b

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

5

1

5

4
2
2

11
1
10
6

21
21
20

62

5

82

A

18

6A

12
6

AA
20

76
“

20

AS
22
23
23

61

76

15

99
92

62

112
*

Alb

7

A12
3

T3

15
“

526

61

381
1A5

2
59

w

*

*

*

20
20
*

8
8
-

-

(OTHER T h a n
1 J3

W A R E HO US EM EN -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NONE AMUF A C T U n I N G ---------------R E TA IL TRADE ------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




539
329

210
164

7

,

A . 7a

6*34
4.7?

.72

S.f-U

m

4. 33

A . 25

A.IS

A.10

7*6^

A . 22- 5 .Ac.
4.66- 5.6)
3*6d- 4.7b
3..A6- A.S5

-

7
7

7

"

b

2

5

10

16

5

7

b

7

15
1A

10
b

3

1

23
12

11
10

6
1
5
3

7

13
12

28

33
29

10A
9A
10
b

50

33

17
5

29
20
9
3

71
60
11
-

-

hS
20
5
15
15

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex, in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
(n W )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUST00IAL ANO MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEM— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE ANO POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
71
295
{

$

5.66

Number Average
(mean2)
of
workers

ITRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDtR

343

$
4.77
4.57
3.28

56

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS — -

5*626

524
402

2.90

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
1.470

5.72
0

3.338

5 28
m a c h i n e -t o o l

operators* toolroom

manufacturing

—

-------------------------------------------------

112
lit

64b

6 193

PUBLIC UTILITIES

-----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------

5.35
6.51
6.82
6.06

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURTNG ----------------

2.012
1.838
174

6.60
6.5ft
6.83

MANUFACTURING ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------MONMANUF ACTUrt T N G ----------------

1*007
1079
346
289

PURLIC UTILITIES —

220
220
68
60

(g

393

6.75
6.75
8.3t
6.1o
4.13
6 83
6.90

WHOLESALE TRADE

--------------------------------------

1*679
365
1*314
566
654

4.97
4.51
5.10
4.36]
s.ea)

437
119
WHOLESALE

trade

---------------

278

5.19
6.69
6.90

/

292
88

MANUFACTURING — —

395

—

—

— —

— — —

178

y i
'
“"so
4.91
.

, ,

2.81
4.66
2.49
3.18
2.41

4.42
4.72
4.3 c
4.26
4.66
3.69

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
2.44
2.24
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - me-m
3.282
472
2.790
133
2*339

6.13
6.72

1.401

59

,

5.40
5.34
5.65
4.53

L 7
.

b. 67
6.79

r

5.02

MANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE — — — —

6b

1J1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------------

4.44 TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------

54

2.803
151

4,234
2,347
1,214

2.45
3.92
2.36
2.67
2.32

63

E a r n in g s da ta in t a b le s A - 4

3.80

227

-.b5

N O T E : E a r n in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
the o t h e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)




1.900

3.54

28
SHEET-METAL WORKERS. MAINTENANCE —

---------- -------- -- — -

T t2

405
1.024
650
6ti

-------------------------------------------------

2)34

5.30
5.36
5.28
4.03
3.37

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*

6.31
€ •31
»

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
manufacturing

hourly

earn n s
ig3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN— CONTINUED
GUARDS!

Sex, occupation, and industry division

3.0%

and A - 5 , on

Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex—large establishments in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

[
mean2)
hourly
erig3
anns

MAINTENANCE a n d POWFRPL a NT
OCCUPATIONS - MEM
BOILER

t e n d e r s --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
[mean2)
o
f
e rnings3
a

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
62
64

6 •06

~

Tr
-

O .2 0

3*0
,70

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

553
4<+3
lie

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

226 6# 3 i
'
182 ' o . 3 3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

113
113

b.31
6.31

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------

561
SOS

7.03
7.11

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------- ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------- ------

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE — ----------------------

1.976
621
1,165
268
71

BBS
174
111
SO

6.49
6.46 LABORERS, MATERIAL HAiNDLING------MANUFACTURING ------------------6.49
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------6.34
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------7.00

1,606
906
696
166
536

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------

65
bh

1,560

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

170
170

.PAINTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

111
83

PIPEFITTERS, m a i n t e n a n c e ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------nonmanufacturing:
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s --------------

431
3S3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

131
107

36

*.96
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RFTAIL TRADE ------------------

223

6 • 10
6.3 0
5.69
5.74

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

6.4^ GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------6.56
MANUFACTURING ------------------0.17
nonmanufactu*i ng:
FINANCE -----------------------GUANOS:
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---

6.S3
6.93
RETAIL TRADE -----------------S. 74
6.13 PACKERS. SHIPPING -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------6.83
6.SO RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------5.93
RETAIL TRADE -----------------6.67
6.79

1,166
337

3.=3
6.22

62

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------*ANUFACTURI imG -------------------

614
212

0.18
6.6*

97
9B

o.n
->•37

k

4^46
TRUCKDRIVERS, r F i\/Y (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------

293

821
671
652

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1// TO
AND TNCLUOING 4 TONS) ----------

3.66
TRUCKDRIVERS, HFAVY (OVER 4 TOMS,
4.91
2.76
3.57 TRUCKERS, ROWER (FORKLIFT) -------2.77
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------5.00
3.27 TRUCKERS. POWER (-OTHER T h a n
< •64 FORKLIFT) -------------------------+
5.39
MANUFACTURING ------------------4.43
WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------5.64

4.39
4.65

176
59
117
loB

5.56
5.02 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANtRS --5.87
5.99
nonmanufacturing:
RETAIL TRADE ------------------

79

155

5.7

339
126

6.56
o.93

1 iSOB
1,267
241

5.77

162
133

6.9(i

469
323

4.51

637
117

2.86

66

2.60
3.01

5.89

116
61

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

_____ '________________________________________
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




Number
(mean2)
o
f
ory
w ikers h u l
o
erig3
anns

CUSTODIAL ANU MATERIAL '•N»EH 1
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------MANUF A C T U R I N G ------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- -----PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

13b

Sex, occupation, and industry division

E a rn in g s data in t a b le A - 6 a r e la t e ' o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 a and A - 5 a , on th e o t h e r ha n d, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in
an o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p en d ix A f o r p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .)




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts.
in Baltimore, Md., for selected periods
Industry and occupational
group

August 1972
to
August 1973

August 1973
to
August 1974

August 1974
to
August 1975

All industries:
Office clerical (men and wome n ) _________ ____
Electronic data processing (men and w o m e n ) ___
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) _____________
Skilled maintenance trades (men)_____________
Unskilled plant workers (men) ________________

5.9
*
6.7
6.9
5.2

8.9
9.9
10.9
9.9
9.1

9.4
8.5
10.5
11.3
11.6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and wom e n ) _______________
Electronic data processing (men and women)
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) ___________
Skilled maintenance trades (men)_____________
Unskilled plant workers (men)__ _______________

5.3
*
6.9
5.6
6.1

9.7
9.9
10.6
10.5
9.9

11.3
10.5
10.2
12.5
14.6

N o n m anufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)
. _
.
.
Electronic data processing (men and w o m e n ) ____
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) _____________
Skilled maintenance trades (men) _______________
Unskilled plant workers (men)_________________

6.3
*
**
**
4.3

8.6
10.1
**
**
8.5

8.4
7.7
**
**
9.0

* Data not available.
** Data do not meet publication criteria.

NOT E : The percent increases presented in this table 'are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). They are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting from employment shifts among establishments or turnover of establishments
Included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover m a y affect an establishment
average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees enter at the
bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
These wage trends are not linked to the wage indexes previously published for this
area because the wage indexes measured changes in area averages, whereas these wage
trends measure changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these
wage trends which differ from the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office
clerical workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates
are provided for nonmanufacturing establishments, where possible, and (3) trend estimates
are provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see
"Improving Area W age Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor Review, January ^1973, pp. 52-57.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is ts
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r y

B a sed on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u les

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED ------------

2b3

88

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPtCIFIED
m i n i m u m
-----------------------------UNDEP
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$9o.no
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50
$ 100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$ i a o .o o
$185.00
$150.00
$155.00
$160.00
$165.00
$170.00
$175.00
$180.00
$185.00
$190.00
$195.00
$200.00
$ p o 5. o o
$210.00
$215.00
$220.00
$225.00
$2 3 0 .0 0
$235.00

40

XX*

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

U 3

XXX

B a se d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V,

XXX

5

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

M a n u fa ctu r in g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37 ‘
/2

263

88

XXX

175

XXX

XXX

35

XXX

89

38

32

51

21

17

121

87

37

78

37

19

8

$72.50 -------- -------------AND UNDER $75.00 ----------AND UNDER $77.50 ----------AND UNDER $80.00 ---------AND UNDER $82.50 ----------AND UNOER $35.00 ----------AND UNOER $87.50 ---------AND UNOER $90.00 ---------a n d u n d e r $9 2 . 5 0 ----------ANO UNDER $95.00 ---------ANO UNOER $97.50 ----------AND UNDER $100.00 ---------

1

-

1
*
2
5
1
1
b

-

-

1
J
1

1

-

3
1
2

-

-

3
1
2

“

1
1
1
“

$ i o s .o u '-------UNDER $110.00 -------UNOER $115.00 -------UNDER $120.O u -------UNDER $125.00 -------UNOER $130.00 -------UNDER $135.00 -------UNDER $180.00 -------u n d e r $ i a s . o o -------UNDER $150.00 -------UNDER $155.0J -------UNDER $160.0u -------UNDER $165.00 -------UNDER $170.00 -------UNDER $175.00 -------u n d e r $ 19 0 .0 0 -------UNDER $185.0’ -------O
UNDER $19'0.0v -------UNDER $195.00 -------UNOER $20".00 -------UNDER $205.O r -------u n d e r $2 1 0 . 0 0 -------UNDER $215.00 -------UNDER $ 2 2 0 . 0 0 -------UNDER $225.0'--------UNDER $230.Oo -------u n d e r $2 3 5 . 0 0 --—
-—
OVER ------------------

18
4
8
7

1
?
4
4

and

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
and

ANb
AND
AND
ANO
and

AND

under

2
6
2
1
7
J
d

b
j
1
1
d

1
3
3

2

1
1
“

3

”

2
“

l
2

13
2

3
3

3

4
3

1

3

9
2

1
2
1
1
”

2
1
1
"

15
7
2

b
1
1
2
-

16
7
10
6
J
5

4
1
3

d

3

2
1
1
2
1
-

2
1
1
1
1

3

J
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

3
3

2
2

2

d

1
2

3

4

d
d

“
2
1
1
4
1
”
4
4
5
5
“
2
1
2
*
3
2
“
2
“
1

“
*

“
5
2
•
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
2

1
1

*
-

“
“
2
1
1
3

"

3
3
5
4

*
2
1
“
2
1
•
2
“
1
“
2
2
1
1

-

7
1
3
u
6
2
2

1
4
2
5
3
1
1

12

5

3

3

5
1
3

3
1
2
1
1
.
1

3

4
1
2
1
1
1
1
.
1

1
3
1
2
2
1
1
4
~
1
2
1
-

1
“
“
1
*
•
.
.
_
-

1

-

-

d

2

d

1

-

1
-

2

1

1
1

ESTABLISHMENTS h a v i n g MO SPECIEI c O
MINIMUM ------------------------------

4b

11

xx*

35

XXX

XXX

66

18

XXX

88

XXX

XXX

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ----------

128

39

XXX

89

XXX

XXX

76

23

XXX

53

XXX

XXX

XXX

and

AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
and

AND
anD
and

AND
and

AND




-

-

2
2
-

_
-




(All full-time manufacturing plant workers = 100 percent)
Workers on late shifts

All workers 7
Item

Second shift

Third shift

Second shift

Third shift

SHIFT PROVISIONS -----

83.7

79.6

18.1

8.5

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOP LATE SHIFT WORK ----WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FO h LATE SHIFT WORK -------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUrt D I F F E R E N T I A L------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL — --------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------

1.7
82.0
45.1
33.7
3.3

1.7
17.9
41.0
33.0
3.9

.5
17.5
9.2
7.5
.8

.3
8.2
5.4
2.7
.1

13.3
7.7

18.7
9.1

12.9
7.2

19.4
8.9

PERCENT OE WORKERS
IN ESTABLISHMENTS

with

average

pay

DIFFERENTIAL

--------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ------------------uniform

c e n t s -p e r -h o u r

late

differential

PERCENT OF WORKERS 8Y TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF RAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 CENTS ---------------------------------------8 CENTS ---------------------------------------10 CENTS --------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 C E N T S ---------- *
-------------13 AMD UNDER 14 CENTS ------------------------14 CENTS --------------------------------------15 AND UNDER 16 C E N T S ------------------------ 16 CENTS --------------------------------------17 AND UNDER 18 CENTS ------------------------18 CENTS --------------------------------------20 C E N T S -------------- ------------------------25 CENTS --------------------------------------27 AND UNDER 28 CENTS ------------------------30 CENTS --------------------------------------32 AND UNDER 33 CENTS ------------------------35 CENTS --------------------------------------50 C E N T S ------- -------------------------------9$ AND UNDER 00 CENTS -------------------------

.9
1.7
21.2
2.7
.5
2.8
7.4
1.0
-

3.7
1.9
.8
.2
-

-

4.2
2.1
-

16.3
1.0
1.4
2.1
4.1
3.5
.5
4.3
.8
.5
.2

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
3 PERCENT -------------------------------------5 PERCENT -------------------------------------6 PERCENT -------------------------------------7 PERCENT -------------------------------------8 PERCENT ------ -------------------------------9 P E R C E N T -------------------------------------10 PERCENT -------------------------------------

16.1

1.1
24.0

OTHER DIFFERENTIAL-----------------------------------

3.3

3.9

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

2.2
8.0
.5
5.7
1.1
-

1.0
1.3
-

5.7
-

.1
.3
4.7
.8
.1
.8
1.0
.2
-

.7
.3
.2
-

(8)
.8
2.3
.1
1.2
.2

-

.1
-

2.8
•I
.2
.5
•4
•4
(8)
.8
(8)
(8)
-

(8)
.2
.1
-

3.0

.2
2.1

«8

.1

-

Plant workers
Item

Office workers

M a n u ­ N onmanu­ Public Wholesale
Ail
industries facturing facturing utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Services

M a n u ­ N o n m a n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
industries facturing facturing utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

luo

100

100

100

loo

_
(9)
2
12

_
_
.
4
_
_

.
_
•
•
_
4
_

_
.
(9)
.
•
_
17
•
•

.
.
•
4
.
4
6
•
5

Services

PERCENT OF w o r k ^ S h y SCHEDULED
iVEtKLY HOIJPS AMO DAYS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------22
25
?6
30
3?
32
33
34
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
35
35
38
38
40

40
42
42
44
45
47
48

100

HOURS-5 P A Y S ---------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------HOURS-S D A Y S ---------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------HOIJRS-5 1/2 D A Y S ----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------1/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------1/3 HOURS-5 GAYS ----------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------2/3 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------1/2 HOURS-5 PAYS ----------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------o/lf) HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------------H O U R S -------------- --------------4 DAYS ---------------------------4 1/2 DAYS -----------------------5 D A Y S ---------------------- -----5 1/2 DAYS -----------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------HOURS -----------------------------5 d a y s ---------------------------'
5 1/2 DAYS -----------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------HOURS-5 1/2 DAYS ----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------HOURS—6 DAYS ----------------------

1
(9)
(9)
(9)
1
(9)
b
i
b
i
i
70
(9)
1
7b
1
(9)
(9)
(9)
(9)
1
(9)
2
(9)
1

39.3

ion

_

loo

loo

(9)
2
2
5
1
1
87
1
1
85
(9)
1
1

3
1
1
_
2
(9)
10
_
6
2
68
_
67
1
1
(9)
1
1
1
3
(9)
2

_
_
_
.
9b
9b
2
2
_
2

39.8

38.9

40.2

100

_

_
.
_
2
85
85

100

-

1
_
4
_
_
18
_
12
4
_
54
51
3
1
1
1
.
5
_
-

40.4

38.6

.
5
6
3

100
5
4
_
1
2
_
.
(9)
.
_
78
_
78
.
-

100

100

_
(9)
(9)

_
2

1

_

_
4
_
(9)

_
10

10
2
(9)
2
1
22
1
(9)
7
1
54
(9)
53
(9)
(9)
(9)
(9)
-

39.1

38.6

_
_

d

(9)
<9)
.
_
_
_
-

2
1
25
(9)
7
1
48
4l
(9)
(9)
-

_
39
.
_
57
57
.
-

.
_
15
.
9
6
64
64
(9)
-

39.1

38.4

38.8

39.2

_

_
15
3

7o
_
1
TO

m
t

. 100
.
.
•
.
54
(9)

57
•
55
1
.
-

2
25
.
•
16
1
37
•
37
-

•
6
•
•
39
39
•
-

38.5

38.3

37.1

25
1

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ----------

S e e fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




Office workers

Plant workers
Item

M a n u ­ N o nma n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Services

Manu- N onmanu­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries factuiing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

PERCENT OE WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIOING
PAID HOLIDAYS ---------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIOING
PAID HOLIDAYS ----------------------

100

100

100

100

100

loo

loo

100

100

100

loo

100

100

100

100

-

-

4

19

(9)

-

1

-

-

3

-

1

100

99

100

100

97

100

99

9.2

9.7

8.7

7.8

9.8

8.8

-

-

-

-

*
*

"
1
“
(9)
5
*
2
1
30
4
18
”
37

3

(9)

6

97

99

94

100

100

96

81

99

8.b

9.4

7.8

10.1

8.2

7.0

7.0

9.3

9.6

1
1
1
11
1
10
1
15

•
.
.
1
2
7
1
13
6

2
1
2
.
_
22
(91
13
1
18

_
.
_
23
3
10

2
3
3
.
29
17
25

1
22
2
1
1
5
5
-

11
1
17
4
(9)
(9)
1
~

6
.
.
.
22
14
2
20
13
4

(9)
(9)
(9)
8
1

33

.
_
1
2
1
22
.
43
25
7
-

2
1
1
3
13
3
25
1
39
1
3
1
-

99
99
99
99
97
90
89
76
72
37
36
14
14
12
10
5

94
91
89
67
67
54
54
36
35
24
23
6
2
1
1
1

100
100
100
100
100
99
99
97
97
76
74
32
7
7
7
7

100
loo
loo
77
77
67
62
50
50
25
25
4
4
2

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS ---------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIOED1
0
1
2
3
A
5
6

HOLIOAY ---------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------H O L I D A Y S ---------------- ---------HOLIDAYS --------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS -------7 HOLIDAYS --------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS -------8 HOLIDAYS --------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS — -----< H O L I D A Y S --------------------------5
PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS -------10 HOLIDAYS -------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------11 HOLIOAYS -------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------12 HOLIDAYS -------------------------13 HOLIDAYS -------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------14 HOLIDAYS -------------------------15 HOLIDAYS --------------------------

3

23
1
19
2
1
(9)
1
3
3

(9)

3

12
25
5
15
2
•
2
-

(9)

4
2
10
-

-

3

2
10
2
16
3

40
5
6
(9)
1
2
(9)
(9)
(9)

(9)
2

(9)
(9)
(9)
10
1
4
2
9
1
12
4
41
7
7
1
(9)
1
(9)
*

8
(9)

1
1
2
19
39
27
3
“
1
“

“
11
5
10

1
1
“
29
16

9

7
11
14
29
2
2
-

15
(9)
9

1
25
“
-

7
*
(9)
1
4
1
8
7
51
2
15
“
2
2

*

“

97
97
96
67
67
50
50
35
35
26
25
-

100
100
loo
93
93
93
92
88
86
78
77
20
18
4

*

“

100
100
100
89
89
76
65
58
58
47
47
4
4
2

*
*
*

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIOAY TIME PROVIDED1
1
1 DAY OR MORE -----------------------3 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------6 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------7 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------8 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------9 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------10 DAYS OR MORE --------------------1? 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------11 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------13 DAYS OR M O R E --------------------14 DAYS 09 MORE ---------------------




97
96
95
04
83
73
72
57
54
31
30
10
8
7
6
3

2

96
91
87
58
58
41
41
16
16
11
10
-

81
75
75
53
53
39
39
19
17
4
4
-

-

-

99
99
99
91
91
88
86
76
75
59
58
15
10
4
3
1

ICO
100
100
9B
9P
,
97
95
8)
79
56
.
5?
14
1?
£
P

2

99
99
99
89
89

85
83
74
73
61
60
15
9
d

i
(9)

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
91
91

72
70
30
4
i
i
i

2

-

2

99
99
98
93
93
91
91
61
57
37
37
-

Office workers —

Plant workers
Item 1
0

M a n u ­ Nonmanu­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Services

M a n u ­ N o n m a n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Finance

100

100

Services

Percent of workers
All full-time workers________________

100

100

N e w Year's D a y _________________________
Washington's Birthday__________________
Good Friday____________________________
Good Friday, half day___________________
Easter M o n d a y _________________________
Memorial D a y ________________ _________
Fourth of July________________ ________
Labor D a y ______________________________
Columbus Day
_
__
__
_
Veterans D a y ___________________________
Thanksgiving Day
Day after Thanksgiving__________________
Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve, half d a y ________________
Christmas Day
_ _
_
__
_
Christmas— N e w Year's holiday period 12_
Extra day during Christmas w e e k ________
N e w Year's E v e _________________________
N e w Year's Eve, half day_____ ________
Floating holiday, 1 d a y ” ________________
Floating holiday, 2 days 13_______________
Floating holiday, 3 days 13_______________
Floating holiday, 4 days 13___________ . .
.
Employee's birthday _
Employee's anniversary_________________
Personal holiday________________________

95
23
46
i
12
95
95
95
5
13
94
39
35
7
97
4
1
10

99
22
70
1
11
99
99
99
6
8
98
65
61
8
99
7
1
17
3

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
8

5
1
2

15
3
5

6
4

"
1
8

2
1

100
90
25
19
2
14
89
90
90
4
18
90
11
6
7
93
(’)
2
1
10
6

3
3
22
3
10

100

100

100
93
50
1
~
100
100
100
7
79
100
47
10
27
100
6
5
28
~
45

100
15
23
10
20
100
100
100
2
11
100
19
18
8
100
4
3
2
6

14
12
-

100
89
3
4
22
87
89
89
89
1
2
94
(’)
7
7

3
5

7

22

1
3

5
18

100
75
23
24
2
(’)
75
73
75
3
10
75
5
10
2
81
(’)
4

5
5
14
-

100

100

100

100

100

99
53
61
3
3
99
99
99
17
32
99
43
23
12
99
1
4
5

99
57
57
3
2
99
99
99
22
42
99
33
9
14
99
5

100
90
50
2
100
100
100
4
87
100
41
2
29
100
1

100
29
37
21
8
100
100
100
(’)
13
100
36
23
19
100
7
3

16

100
44
72
1
8
99
100
100
3
7
99
70
63
6
99
4
1
15
5
13

6

6

4

3
4

11
3
2

9
6

1

2

3
17
6
4
6

11
1
3

2

37
31
-

1

7
7

15
7
4
9

96
1
8
5
96
97
97
96
(’>
(’)
1
96
(’)
1
1
8

25
15
6

13

100
71
79
1
100
100
100
51
51
100
33
10
12
100
2
5
5
13
2
6

3
-

100
99
40
71
3
(’)
98
99
98
7
98
48
13
5
99
28
9
(’)
43
4
(’)
2
-

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

All
M a n u ­ Non m a n u ­ Public Wholes ale
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Services

M a n u ­ Non m a n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
industries facturing facturing utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

PERCENT OF WORKERS
all

f u l l -time

workers

------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ---------------

100

100

100

ion

100

100

100

loo

1

(9)

3

-

-

(9)

16

(9)

loo

rw

loo

-

(9)

-

-

1

100
100
"

lo J

9■
)
9i
(9)

ICO
100
~

loo
99
<?>

QQ
99
(9)

6
5d
7
4

(9)
63
1
“

5
35
3
“

22
IP
25
(9)

11
1
70
s
10

(9)
35
64
“

*
33
15
51
-

•
3
“

”
12

2
*
“

4
9
lo
“

(9)
97
2

99
96
3

99
97
3

97
95
2

100
100
”

IOC
9A
6

99
96
3

8A
64
*

99
99
i

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------I WEEK -------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----a w e e k s -------------------------

13
20
3
1

10
2A
1
*

15
16
4
2

2
53
3
4

10
16
6
*

25
6
5

3
6
2
*

6
57
6
3

9

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------1 WEEK -------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS ------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 W E E K S -------------------- ---OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS ------------------------6 WEEKS -------------------------

1
58
8
26
(9)
5
(9)
(9)
(9)

63
7
21
8
1
-

2
5A
9
31
1
1
(9)
1

31
12
50
3
-

6
50
AA
i
f
-

i
63
12
2A
-

6
52
19
2
A
(9)
*

(9)
1«
6
7“
+
1
2
1
(9)

19
76
-

(9)
16
3
73
2
1

32
b
62
1

(9)
"

d

*

2 YEARS OF SERVICt:
UNDER I WEEK ------------------1 WEEK -------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS ------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS ------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS -------- ---------------6 WEEKS -------------------- ----

(9)
35
5
51
1
5
(9)
(9)
(9)

AO
10
39
10
1

(9)
29
(9)
64
3
l
(9)
1

-

32
66
-

1
32
67
-

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 W E E K S ----------------- ------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS ------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS — ----------------------6 WEEKS -------------------------

7
1
76
7
6
(9)
(9)
(9)

s
1
71
11
11
1

10
(9)
63
3
1
(9)
1

81
15
-

6
3
90
2

6
9A

A YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEtKS -----2 WEEKS ------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEc-KS-----3 WEEKS ------------------------A WEEKS ------------------------6 WEEKS -------------------------

7
1
77
7
5
2
(9)

5
1
71
11
9
3
“

9
(9)
83
3
1
(9)
1

81
IS
4

lor
97
■
'
<

loo

100

loo

100
lv '
J
-

AMOUNT OF PAIO VACATION AFTER *1
4




4

d

76
13
A

4

AO
37
2
4
(9)
*

*

*

6
3
91
(
2
-

9A

6

-

33
A5
2
4
(9)
“
28
49
2
4
(9)
'

4
(9)
89
2
A
1
(9)
1
(9)
90
3

*
*

c

f
t

“

“

d

(9)
6n
(9)
-

92
3
i
2
-

)
(9)
6*
?
13

1
93
3
i
2
-

i
(9)
-

(9)
-

1
(9)
89
3
4
3
”

)
(9)
83
?
t
f
6
-

-

1
Vd

3
3
2
“

*
1
9A
6
-

11
«9
-

4
95
-

1
94

(9)
97

97

-

*

i

(9)

f
e

-

93
6
(9)

?
.

-

-

97
2

d
-

-

2
97
-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

96
2
-

9A
2
3
-

d
oi

4
(^>

2
69
4
9
13
“

2
70
4
9
13
*

2
70
4
9
13
“

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

4M0ONT or p a i d
CONTINUED
5

vacation

M a n u ­ Nonmanu­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities
after’
’

Services

M a n u ­ N o n m a n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
trade
industries facturing facturing utilities

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

58
4
38

30
4
49

•

YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS —
2 WEEKS ------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS --------------------4 WEEKS --------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS ---------------------

10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS —
2 W E E K S ----------------1
---OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS ------- * -----------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -4 WEEKS --------------------5 WEEKS --------------------OVER S AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS --------------------.12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS A.
2 WEEKS -------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS -------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -------------------5 WEEKS -------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS -------------------15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WELKS —
2 WEEKS -------------------3 W E E K S -------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 wEcKS —
5 WEEKS -------------------6 WEEKS -------------------20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS —
2 WFEKS -------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS -------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 wEtKS —
5 WEEKS -------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS -------------------7 WEEKS --------------------




Retail
trade

3
(9)
71
7
16
2
(9)
(9)
1
(9)
19
2

bl
7
7
(9)
(9)
(9)
1
(9)
17
1
6<+
7
7
(9)
(9)
(9)
1
(9)
11
51
4

30
1

46
i

10
1
1
(9)

6
3
76

(9)

-

75
3
13

75
15

(9)

4

«
”

“

_
-

14
2
64
11
8
-

_
-

13
1
67
11
8
"

-

(9)
1

2
1
25
1
59
3
6
19)
19)
1
2
1
22
1
61
3

6

(9)
(9)
1

57
7
30

2
1
17
44
(9)
30

*

3

-

6

(9)
1
(9)
10
(9)
27

,
6

-

67
11
19
3

1
2
1

6

16

_
2

6
31

77
15
1

51
2
10

-

4

-

80
15
1
-

4

-

“

6
14
4
63
2
11
“

_
-

5

16

1

i

(9)

i

(9)

i

79

55
2
11

68
3
25
1
1
*
“

71

67
4
26

91
6
2

65
3
32

92

2

-

-

-

“

”

.

(9)
(9)
25
3
70

-

16
*

(9)
1
25
1
66
-

7

”

(9)
1
25
1
66
-

7

"

(9)
6
5

63

74

-

-

18
15

15

-

21
36
-

42

-

(9)
“

12
-

33
2
30
-

6
(9)
(9)

-

12
-

29
2
34
-

6
(9)
(9)

12
-

20
34
2
16

_

_
6

7
•

74
4

14
-

(9)
(9)
4
62
3
25
1
(9)

(9)
-

4
54
?

39

1
-

71
1
7
1
2

7?

24

(9)

-

57

8
2
1
(9)

12
12

17

17
2

5

-

“

6
“
(9)
(9)

-

-

27

1

-

1

(9)
23

91
6
2

56
2
18

-

-

(9)
(9)
t
t

1
75
6
4
4
2

-

i

4
i ■
-

13

(9)
(9)
4
65
3
21
1
-

6
(9)
(9)
3
(9)
13
71
2
5

-

i

i
-

2
4

-

*

1

-

1

-

91
6
2
-

"

20

48

7
-

-

19)

66

1

(9)

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
12

18

-

(9)
(9)
6
i
74
6
7
3
1

12

50

-

(9)
(9)
9
i
76
4
4
4
2

-

(9)

35

-

-

(9)

43
2
12

5

4
(9)
76
5
12

-

18
1
19

15
(9)

-

4

-

-

‘
(9)

“

3

6
-

-

*

“

4

(9)
(9)
9
i
76
3
7
3
1

?

21
5

(9)
11
2
65
2
19

-

6

-

(9)
(9)
25
3
70

*

“

i

-

-

15
*

.
-

(9)

4

9
4
42

-

87
5
5
-

-

-

4
-

80
12
5

-

-

i
28
15

(91

-

9
4
42
-

-

1
2o
15

*

-

1

.

(9)

(9)
2
67

-

-

(9)
90

18
58

2

64

6
31

4
5

30

22

6
28

14

-

“

i

-

(9)

_

-

-

-

.

(9)

.
-

2

-

(9)
2

-

-

(9)

4

-

43
(9)

6
-

8

38

11
(9)
25
-

-

-

66

40

62

19

-

64

-

-

?
6
.

37
4
(9)

-

-

(9)
5
-

“

-

-

5

-

-

9

-

10
2d

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

NonmanuManuAll
industries factoring factoring

Public Wholesale
trade
utilities

Manu- NonmanuAll
industries factoring factoring

Retail
trade

Public Wholesale
trade
utilities

Retail
trade

AMOUNT Qf PAID VACATION AFTER14CONTINUEO
25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS 2 WEEKS --------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS --------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -A WEEKS --------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -5 WEEKS --------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -6 WEEKS --------------------9 WEEKS ---------------------

1
(9)
10 >
(9)
16
34
3
30
2
i

1
(9)
10
(9)
16
1
26
1
36
3
2
1
(9)

MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS —
2 WEEKS --------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS --------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEtKS —
4 WEEKS --------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 WEEKS --------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -6 W E E K S --------------------7 WEEKS --------------------9 WEEKS ---------------------

1
(9)
10
(9)
16
1
26
1
35
3
4
1
(9)




15
1
40
5
29
2
(9)
1

2
1
15
(9)
17

1

26
(9)
30
2
2

12
•
64
12
11

(9)

(9)

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -2 WEEKS --------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -3 WEEKS --------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -4 WEEKS --------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -5 WEEKS --------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -6 WEEKS --------------------7 WEEKS --------------------9 WEEKS ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

6

-

18
1
19
—
33
—
29
-

12
20
27
17
2
6
(9)
_
(9)

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
10
48
3
30
1
2
(9)
3

(9)
4
8
—
48
2
36
2
(9)
“

(9)
(9)
3
<9>
11
*
48
3
27
1
2
*
4

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
10
—
45
2
32
1

(9)

4

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
11
•
46
3
26
1
4
4

(9)
6
5
•
23
37
•
29
1
_
-

6
15
1
37
1
35
3
2
1

6
15
1
37
1
34
3
3
1

19
(9)
38
2
2

.
1
—
12
_
64
12
11

6
5
23
•
37
—
29
1

(9)
18
1
19
—
18
44
-

(9)

_

12
20
27
—
17
2
6
(9)

-

*

"

(9)

(9)
3

(9)
"

2
1
15
(9)
17

1
m
m
12
-

(9)

12
20
27

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
10

(9)
-

17

45
1
29
1

2
1
15
(9)
17

_

19
(9)
35
2

5
_
(9)

64
12
11

-

.
6
5

•
37
29
1
-

23

-

18
1
19

—
18
39
5
-

-

—
2

6
(9)

-

(9)

4

7

1
3

4
-

f
t

43
43
-

4

f
t
43
39
-

7
(9)

1
<9>
8
9
*
77
5
(9)
*

(9)
2
38
—
36
*
23
“
1
-

(9)
2

8
9
77
5
(9)

38
36
23
1
“
“

_

(9)
(9)
3
(9)
11

1
(9)
8

(9)
2
38

45

9

36

77
5
(9)

23

2

26
1
7
1
4

—
.

-

11
(9)
25
•
24
39
*
-

(9)
*
2
“
1
84
6
7
“
"
"
*
"

1
“
(9)

—

(9)

—
1

<9>
11
(9)
25
“
9
“
53
-

*
2
*
1
84
5
4
“
5
•

'
(9)
11
(9)
25

—
9
“
28
25
-

2
1

“

82

6
“
9
37
(9)
15
26
(9)
6
“
9
*
“
37
(9)
“
15
26
(9)
*
6
“
9
37

2

6

(9)

5

15

“

“

2

26

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu:
N on m anu­
fa c t o r in g fa ctu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

O ffi c e w o r k e r s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n ce

S e r v ic e s

100

100

100

100

loo

100

A ll
M anu­ N on m a n u in d u s t r ie s fa c t u r in g fa c t o r in g

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------------

100

100

100

100

loo

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW1*I------------------------

97

99

94

100

loo

99

LIFE INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------

93
79

99
87

87
70

100
100

93
79

96
69

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -----------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------

58
46

56
49

60
4?

75
75

80

68

SICKNESS ANO ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH16-------------

90

97

88

80

63

71

85
78

57
96

24

15

13

11

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
INSURANCE --------------------------N0NC0NTRI9UT0RY PLANS -------------

89
25

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE ---------NONCONTRIHUTORY PLANS -------------

100

100

68

99

99

99

100

loo

99

100

97

57
47

98
78

99
6c

1 97

100
99

89
78

97
74

98
64

96
74

59
29

45
38

6b
45

61
5)

67
43

73
72

65
55

73
26

69
35

45
27

98

92

44

89

9k

66

100

95

90

78

74

58
5*

63
57

68
48

28
24

42
33

6?

Ol

35
26

41
41

31
26

21

58

30
27

19
5

35

58

43

32

16

67

74

64

99

81

22

57

62

15

3

13

23

4

9

lo

9

1

1

36

7

6

33
3s

85
80

70
67

39
83

12

13

8

57
42

4f
39

62
43

75
73

60
44

10
7

75
39

56
46

94
74

99
89

88

loo

loo

66

92
48

62
42

98
70

90
dp

96
63

100
99

63

97
34

62

67
36

SURGICAL INSURANCE -----------------NONCONTRIHUTORY PLANS -------------

94
74

99
89

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Footnotes
All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e a n d h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a te s h o w n .
T h e m i d d le r a n g e i s d e f in e d
b y tw o r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la t e s h if t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g ( h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r .
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 I n c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s , an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la t e
s h if t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s .
8
L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 F o r p u r p o s e s o f t h is s t u d y , p a y f o r a S u n d ay in D e c e m b e r , n e g o t ia t e d in th e a u t o m o b ile in d u s t r y , i s n o t t r e a t e d a s a p a id h o lid a y .
11 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a nd h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g
a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .
12 A C h r i s t m a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r i o d i s a n u n b r o k e n s e r i e s o f h o lid a y s w h ic h in c lu d e s C h r is t m a s E v e , C h r i s t m a s D a y , N e w Y e a r 's
E v e , and N e w Y e a r 's D a y .
S u ch a h o lid a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in th e a u t o m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , a nd f a r m im p l e m e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
13 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r t o y e a r a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o i c e .
14 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an
e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a nd d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s a t 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n
5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r
a t le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
18 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m i n im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t e a c h e m p l o y e e c a n e x p e c t .
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u r e a u fi e ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
2
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a i r e , and t e l e ­
p h one in t e r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in the p r e v io u s su r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 8 3 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a re o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa ctu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied .
S e p a ra te t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s t r a t i fic a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a su r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y sa m p le is se le cte d ^ w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e them s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d . W hen da ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
i s w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b il it y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia sed e s t im a t e s a re g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w eig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o s e n in th e sa m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f da ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m il a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l; (3 )
m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m se t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a cco u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ithin th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a re f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n t if ie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an
o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s da ta n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u str y d iv is io n s a re in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , d a ta a re in c lu d e d in the o v e r a ll c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is n ot show n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re show n fo r fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d
t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
ahd in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a re rou n d ed to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fi r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies

before July 1972.
conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N. Y . — P a .; Birmingham, A l a .; Fort Lauderdale—H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne —T itu sv ille C ocoa , F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N .C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C. ; Syracuse, N .Y .; U tica—R om e, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ift s in
e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a
i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d iff e r
in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a ffin g , and th u s co n t r ib u t e d iff e r e n t ly t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a ch jo b .
P ay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d iff e r e n t ia l a m on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld not b e a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n tr ib u te
t o d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the r a t e s p a id in cu m b e n ts
a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f ic
d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin the s c o p e
o f th e stu d y and not th e n u m b e r a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d
s e r v e on ly t o in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s stu d ie d . T h e s e d i ff e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia ll y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b e tw e e n
in c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in t a b le A - 7 r e la t e t o w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n the -in d ic a te d d a te s.
o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s w hen the t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n th s . Annual r a t e s a r e b a s e d on the a ssu m p tio n that w a g e s
a c o n s ta n t r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o co m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le rk s , o rd e r
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e r s, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C o n tin u ed
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ):

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
(m e n and w o m e n ):

C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

C o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h andling

U n s k ille d pla n t (m e n );

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e l e c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o co m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ea n )
e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e
f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w ag e
p r o v is io n s f o r f u l l- t im e pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r
r e la t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t im e e m p l o y e e s a re e x c lu d e d .
P a r t -t im e e m p l o y e e s a r e t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a s c h e d u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r fe w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s c h e d u le f o r fu l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s in th e sa m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
The
d e te r m in a tio n is b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n the tw o g r o u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a cco u n t not on ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u le s but d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly t o the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the o p tim u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a ve f o r m a l e n t r a n c e -r a t e s a b ov e the
s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d iff e r e n t ia l da ta a r e lim it e d t o fu l l- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l ic y 3 f o r toted plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f ie d sh ift at the t im e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g v a r ie d d i ff e r e n t ia l s , th e am ount a p p ly in g t o a m a jo r it y is u se d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g s o m e l a t e - s h if t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iff e r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (nigh t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m en t a re ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l- t im e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(S ee
ta b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a re t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d t o w o r k f o r s t r a i g h t - t im e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a pplyin g t o a ll f u l l- t im e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a re e li g ib le o r m a y
ev e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . (See t a b le s B - 4 th rou g h B - 6 . ) S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b le s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 5 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rounding..

T h e su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is i o n s r a t h e r than a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (S ee t a b le B - 5 . )
P r o v is io n s apply t o a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r than a t im e b a s is a re c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d eq u iv a len t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s tim a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s .
S u ch p r o v is io n s a re
t y p ic a l in the
s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t
in clu d e t h o s e (1) u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fund, o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fund s o r
f r o m a fund set a s id e fo r t h is p u r p o s e . (S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have
s u c h a plan i f the m a jo r it y
o f e m p lo y e e s
a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th ou g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y
u n d er the plan b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a re r e q u i r e d t o co n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t .
E x c lu d e d are
le g a ll y r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m it e d t o that ty p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o the in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su ch p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a cte d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p l o y e r
c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a re in c lu d e d on ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la t io n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s ., S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d in g t o (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll pay and n o w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a ccid e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lica te d t o t a l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L on g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a l ly d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the
e x p ir a t io n o f th e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til the en d o f the d i s a b i li t y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e li g ib il it y fo r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r , p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a ys
r e d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a re lim it e d t o h o lid a y s g r a n t e d an n u ally on a fo r m a l b a s is , w h ich (1)
a re p r o v id e d fo r in w r it te n fo r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a re in c lu d e d e v en th ou g h th e y m a y fa ll on a n o n w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not
g ra n te d a n oth er day o ff .
T h e f i r s t p a rt o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n te d . T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow t o ta l h o lid a y
t i m e . T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s ic k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e c o v e r a g e of b a s ic h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a t u r e s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e re q u ir in g the in s u r e d to pay a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) sta ted
d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
pa y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . D ental in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s f i ll in g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d
a r e p la n s w h ich c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late .’Lifts at the time o f the
survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey,, or (2) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The tem porary d isab ility laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em p lo yer contributions.
® An establishm ent is considered as having a form al plan if it established at lea st the m inim um number of days sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each
em ployee. Such a plan need not be w ritten; but informal sick le a v e allo w an ces, d eterm ined on an in d ivid ual basis, are excluded.




p a r t ic ip

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Baltimore, Md., August 1975
N u m b er o f es ta b lish m en ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f stud y

I n d u s try d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

Studied
N u m b er

all

Studied

T o ta l4

F u ll - t im e
p la n t w o r k e r s

P ercen t

F u ll - t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

establishments

ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------

-

1,347

263

350,A27

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANIJFACTURING-------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, a n d
OTHFR PUBLIC UTILITIES5 -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND k £ a L ESTATE6 ------SERVICES* ------------------------------------LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------

50

457
690

88

152,199
198, ??S

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------w h o l e s a l e TRADE
----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, ANO xt AL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES* -------------------------------------

-

101
166

175

21

2 )1,19A

60*406

200,806

A3
o7

10A,973
96,221

16.A21
A3,985

94,^41
106,565

10
6

16,390
10,399
50,666
16,300

9,539
A,816
6,156
17,852
5,620

26,3 16
6,609
39,S30
20,672
13,396

n o

35
A3
33
A3

35, a 97
20,342
7A,565
3A.65A
33,170

cl

115

89

192.A39

n o

110,056

34,669

171,350

50
65

A0

9*r, 669
99,570

48
52

63,069
46,987

10,958
23,911

65,210

6

so

6

3
32
15

13

80
12

2A, l
.47
1,825
A 7,257
17,593

9.810
A82
33,637

7 ,A07
795
3,912
10,559
1.238

2A.U87
1,625
36,561
16,009
7,656

50
50
5u
50

297
128
198

500
5 nr.
so n

Sou
so:

9

48

3

7

o* 8 18

10

7 A-Ot

9

.
.

1

25
4

1

_

3* 058

8 6 , 1 AO

T h e B a lt i m o r e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffi c e o f M a n a g em en t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f the c it y o f B a lt i m o r e , and th e co u n tie s o f Anne A r u n d e l,
B a lt i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H o w a rd . T he " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r fo r c e
in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p il e d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M anual w as u se d t o c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ov e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and
m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t im e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e pla n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b l ic u t il it i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d . L o c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a t io n s in B a lt im o r e a r e g o v e r n m e n ta lly
o w n e d and o p e r a t e d and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " f i n a n c e " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
7 E s tim a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly . W o r k e r s fr o m th e e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n on ly in " a l l in d u s t r y "
e s t im a t e s in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , re n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
O v e r t w o -fi ft h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the B a lt im o r e a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh ow s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l- t im e plant and o ff ic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u nion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , B a lt i m o r e , M d ., A u g u st 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s

I n d u s try g r o u p

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s t r ie s ________ 22
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 14
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ______ 9
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __
7
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s __________________________
7
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 6
P r in t in g and p u b l is h i n g __________ 6
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 5
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t_______ 5

B la s t fu r n a c e and b a s ic
s t e e l p r o d u c t s _________________ 16
C o m m u n ica tio n eq u ip m en t_____ 7
M is c e lla n e o u s e le c t r i c a l
eq u ip m en t and s u p p lie s _______ 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a ct u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y as show n in the a p p en d ix ta b le .




A ll in d u s t r ie s _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ______________
W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------F in a n c e _______________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

63
82
42
79
51
39

18
23
16
52
*
29
2

-

14

_

An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ff ic e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a re c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r do
not h a ve la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a ve c o n t r a c t s that apply to fe w e r than
h a lf o f t h e ir plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i ly re p r e s e n ta t iv e o f
the ex ten t to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is io n s o f la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a re e x c lu d e d and the in d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim it e d .
*

L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a rea .
T h is p e r m it s the g rou p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w ag e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b .co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l co n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s Or t h o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a re in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b il li n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as fo l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u al o r au tom ated
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a dding m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not b e co m p u te d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c cu m u la te d by m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as pa rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e sim u lt a n e o u s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s fi g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u su a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow led g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s fr o m
u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e la t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u se d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ire
th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g am on g a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a ctio n s to d e te r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M ay b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and fa m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u se d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u se d in ea ch p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and oth e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s of a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

C la s s B . U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , su c h as p o s tin g t o le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e re id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a re c l e a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and cod in g
d o c u m e n ts usin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i le s . P o s it io n s a re c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d
M ay a ls o f i le th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

in d e x e s fi le m a t e r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ju n c t io n w ith the f i le s .
M ay
file c l e r k s .

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o lr o o m ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r a r e b e in g in tr o d u c e d
t h is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the r e s u lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o l ic y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w ag e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r to take in to a cco u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts
and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s so that th e y a r e m o r e r e a d ily u n d e rsto o d and u n ifo r m ly in t e r p r e t e d .
E v en though the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f le c t b a s ic a l ly the sa m e o c c u p a t io n s a s p r e v io u s ly
d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g c h a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v i s io n s .
T h e n ew s in g le le v e l d e s c r i p t i o n fo r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o le v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in gs
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r su b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s. A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s _ C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that ha s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s ily c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i le s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C L E R K , ORDER

Not a ll p o s it io n s that a re tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ic h a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e as f o l lo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l "

b.

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s du e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m a king up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
a re c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r n u m e r ic data on ta bu latin g

on the b a s is o f th e follow irig d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r co d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M ay tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B.
W o rk i s ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a ve b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f data t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M E SSEN G ER

E x a m p le s of

S te n o g ra p h e r s not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u tie s ;

c.
S t e n o g ra p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

s e c r e ta r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d a bove;

a s s is t a n t s

to

a grou p o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis t in g the it e m s t o m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh e e t;
and d istr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e fi ll e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e te r m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a ve b e e n f i ll e d , k e e p fi le o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

P o s it io n s

E x c lu s io n s

t e c h n i c a l,

or

r o u tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork.
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o se
o f f i c i a l s w h o have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r c o m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s .
T he tit le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify su c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y is t o a ct p e r s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p rov e o r d en y in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
G la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y of a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c tio n a l a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a co m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u tie s su c h as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s
su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile -r s , op en in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il , and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty^

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the hea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o the hea d o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t often in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y -t o -d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s fa ir ly in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il , a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e r fo r m s

a p p oin tm en ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T he w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .




e tc.

(o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

G la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is not e q u iv a le n t t o
on e o f the s p e c i fic le v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a r e often , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i le s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa cto r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

fa cto r y ,

e tc.

(o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )

P r i m a r y du ty is t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g sh orth a n d , and t o t r a n s c r ib e the d ic t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s
( i f p r im a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m
r e c o r d in g s , s e e T ra n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l) .

O p e r a te s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d e d
a re o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a ll y w o r k s
in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p lanning o f the n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m * d ia g r a m s and in
the o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y is lim it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m a in ta in

file s ,

k e e p s im p le

record s,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l . o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s i b il it y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e c p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i le s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a te b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a ll s .
M ay p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a
te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty pin g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c t s as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , a cts b oth as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s su ch d u ties as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r co n t a c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a rr a n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s

a re c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as the
t a b u la t o r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d t o do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tr a in n ew e m p l o y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k un it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r re p e t it iv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G ;-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d icta tio n in sh orth a n d o r b y
S ten oty p e o r s i m il a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b il ls a ft e r ca lc u la t io n s
h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M ay in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c il s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a t e r ia ls fo r
u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , su c h as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r p lanning la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in sp a c in g . M ay ty p e rou tin e
f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C op y ty p in g f r o m rou g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r se ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PU TER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g to
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s ca u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a re e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n
ru n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te stin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r cannot b e
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r usin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s_ _ A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in tr o d u c e d ; sc h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d i r e c t io n and g u id a n c e to
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .




O pera tes un d er
w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w

d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .

C la s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m en t u s e d and a b ility t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in run ning rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly ha s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
se q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a re r e q u i r e d t o s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u to m a tic da ta p r o c e s s in g
eq u ip m en t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a tt e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u se d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m m ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g ste p s t o b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; p la n s the fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s su c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm e n ts t o da ta w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

l o w e r le v e l

p rog ra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in put da ta and
m u lt i p l e -u s e re q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n g e s
and f o r ob tain in g eq u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .
C la s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a re h o m o g e n e o u s sind th e output da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s t e m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a cco u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a re d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e
a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m input da ta w h ic h a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e da ta h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a few ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m i n g
le s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iff ic u lt t a s k s u n d er f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M ay g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in fo r m e d tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n of
s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r so lv in g t h e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts t o b e u s e d ;
o u tlin e s a ctio n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g em en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c p m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t ch a n g e s t o ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is i s
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A. P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f fo r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by
l o w e r le v e l d r a f t e r s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n on r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s that r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u als in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s for. e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
st r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t in g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m i n g one o r a
fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill to put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e ., th o se
that . t y p ic a lly can b e s o lv e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in t e r r e la t io n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and testin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u se d b y the c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n of
the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig it a l and a n a log c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g eq u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d i o and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
.p r im a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h a ve a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g
on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su c h t a s k s a s: A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and usin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a udio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is not r e q u ir e d t o b e fa m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v an ce t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n ow led g e to s o lv e u n u su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
th o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls
o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e
lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c ra d ia tio n ,
is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g es.
W o rk in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d ersta n d in g of th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts' ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W ork m ay be re v ie w e d by
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r
(fre q u e n tly
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e ch n icia n . W ork
is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv en d e t a ile d r e v ie w w hen new o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .
N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L ( R e g i s t e r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t io n t o il l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y or
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten din g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ;
p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and p lanning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio rl, e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the hea lth,
an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u r s e a r e e x clu d e d .
g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

M A I N T E N A N C E A N D PO W E R P L A N T
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M ay c le a n , o il , o r a s s is t in r e p a irin g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; cle a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n by h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d
t o p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d t o su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s of a t r a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
s h o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su ch as the in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g : I n s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t
s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its,
co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
s ta n d a rd co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and usin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h ea t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t su c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p t io n .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e t o o l ( e .g ., jig b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e t a l fo r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a pin g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s :
P lannin g and p e r fo r m in g
d iff ic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p li c a t e d setu p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting
up m a ch in e t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o ls and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g ta b le s , and o th er
c o n t r o ls t o h a n dle th e s iz e o f sto c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); using a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at the s k il l le v e l c a ll e d fo r in th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g sh o p s .

d o e s not

in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritten
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g ,
fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t ra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s the
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led ge o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f pa in t r e q u i r e d f o r d iff e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p ainting b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a pply in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
p a in t in g r e d ie n ts t o ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n ce )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o;r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s fr o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s ^ in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h ten in g b o d y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir sh op s.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in
sc r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a rts w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a ch in e sh o p o r sen d in g o f the m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e sh op
fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s
o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e sh o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w ork , o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d 'e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h ea v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in th e pla n t la y ou t a r e r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
Plannin g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o s t r e s s e s , str e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lign in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g .s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a rts t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m en t su ch as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m il lw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; b en din g pipe b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , fl o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and re p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u ch
as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g ,
f o r m in g , sh a pin g, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s tru cts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n -m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o rk
t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a ll o y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
sh o p co m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and die m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o ( 1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ).

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U A R D AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLIN G

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g u a r d s w ho a re sta tio n e d at g ate a n d c h e c k on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il le g a l e n tr y .

M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s .in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; re m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; d u stin g eq u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w ho s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F il ls sh ipp in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SHIPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g t h e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f un its t o b e
p a c k e d , the type o f co n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g co n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on co n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a re e x clu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ippin g c l e r k
S h ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t,
o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s such a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n tg , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b etw een r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er IV2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t , o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ippin g w o rk in v o l v e s ; A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w eig h t and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a fi le o f sh ipp in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s :
V e r ify i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a ga in st b il ls o f la d in g , in v o i c e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i le s .

F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld b e ra t e d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li f t )
W AREH OUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g o f
the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u ties.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
The fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u se in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u r^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
G
B o i s e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t .-N .Y .
C ape C od , M ass.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n - K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A l a m o g o r d o —L as C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e rs to w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a l ls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n o n , P a.
H untington— s h la n d , W. V a .— y .— h io
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L ittle R o c k —N orth L it t le R o c k , A r k .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e o r w ill b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t

w h ile

s u p p lie s la s t

fr o m

L ogan s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E l y r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o re , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u rg , Va.
M a co n , G a.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g en —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — la m ath F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , T en n .
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
New L ondon—N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k ota , State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P ana m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g — a rie tta , W. V a .— h io
M
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a l ls , Idaho
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick —W a lla W alla—
K
P en d leton , W ash.—O re g .
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n ta r io , C a lif.
S a lin a, K an s.
S a lin as—S e a sid e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm a n — e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S iou x F a l ls , S. Dak.
Spok an e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C on n .
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T am pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la.
V a lle jo —F a i r fi e ld —Napa, C a lif.
W a co and K ille e n —" ’ n p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o —
Cedw._ F a i ls , Iow a
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 837, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1974, $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s show n on the b ack c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lletin su p p lem en ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u cte d at the r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S re g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 ____ ______________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
A lba n y —S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., S ep t. 1974 ___________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ________ __________________________ S upp l.
F ree
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a -G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 974 1 _________________ _____________ 1 8 5 0 -9 , 85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________________________ _______ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
$ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
F ree
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r th u r—O r a n ge, T e x ., M a y 1 974 2 ____________________________________ S upp l.
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., J u ly 197 5 _______________________________________ ___________ ______________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N ,Y .—P a . , J u ly 1975_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ __ S u p p l.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $1.05
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1974 ___________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C a n ton , O h io , M a y 197 5 __________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 ____________________________________ ___________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J an. 1974 2 _____________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
_
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .-G a ., S e p t. 1974 _____________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975_____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 ce n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io—
Ky*—IncT., F e b . 1975 ___________________________ _______________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1974 1 ______________________________________________________ _______ 1 85 0- 17, $ 1.00
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1974 __________________________ ____________________ _______________ S u pp l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1 975______________ —__________ —_____________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 37 , 65 ce n ts
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t . 1975 1______________ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is 1and—M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ S u p p l.
R
F ree
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 74 1 _____________________ ________ ___ _____ ____________________ _______ 1 85 0- 14, 80 ce n ts
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 197 5 _______________________________ __________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 7 4 1 ______________________ ____ __________________________ 1 85 0- 15, 85 ce n ts
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1 974 2 ____________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _____ _________________________ __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 ce n ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h H
B o c a R a t o n ,. F l a ., A p r . 1975 1 ________________ _________________________ ___________ ____ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1975 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
G a i n e s v il le , F la ., S e p t. 1975______________________ ,_________________________ _____________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 . 1 0
_
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o —W ins to n - S a le m —H igh P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 19 75 _____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 ce n ts
G r e e n v il le , S .C ., J une 1 9 7 5 ______________________ _____ _________________ _______________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 ce n ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1 _______________________________________ ______ _____ __ _______ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
F ree
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
Hunts v i l l e , A la ., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ ___ ___________________________S u p p l.
F re e
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1974 ______________________________ _______________________________S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975_________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v il le , F la ., D e c . 1974 _________________________________ _____ ______________________ S u p p l.
F ree
K a n sa s C it y , M o .-K a n s ., S ep t. 19 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 ce n ts
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., J u n e 1974 2
____ _________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1 974 _________________________ ___________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f ., O c t . 1974 _________________ ______ ___________________ S upp l.
F ree
L o u is v i l l e , K y —In d ., N o v . 1 974 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 12, 80 c e n t s
L u b b o c k , T e x ., M a r . 1 974 2 _________________________ ______________________________ ________S upp l.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e -T it u s v il le —C o c o a , F la ., A u g . 1975_________________________ ________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 ce n ts
___________________________________________ _ S upp l.
F ree
M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .—M i s s . , N o v . 1974
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1974 ____________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

F ree
M idlan d and O d e s s a, T e x . , J an. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1975 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn.—W i s ., J an 197 5 1 _____ _______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $1.05
M u sk eg on —M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 __ _____________________________________ S uppl.
F ree
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1 _____________________________ ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $1.00
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., J an . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________ _______________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 18, $ 1 .0 0
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N.J .. J an. 1 974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H a ven, C o n n ., J an. 1974 2 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J an. 1 9 7 ^ , ___________________________________________________________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J ., M a y 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 , $1.1 0
N ew Y o r k and N a s s a u -S u ffo lk ,
N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 cen ts
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________ 18 5 0 -3 0 , 65 ce n ts
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1975___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 cen ts
O m a h a , N e b r ,—Iow a, O c t . 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 , $ 1 .1 0
P a t e r son —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., J une 1975 1 _____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 ce n ts
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa*—N .J ., N o v . 1974 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , J une 1 974 2 _________ ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J an. 197 5 ______ _ ________________________________ ________________________ Suppl.
_
F ree
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
P o r t la n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1975__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 cen ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3 ________________________________________________________________________
F ree
P o u g h k e e p s ie— in g s to n —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., J une 1974 ___________________________________ Suppl.
K
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu ck e t, R .I ,—M a s s ., J une 197 5 ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 cen ts
W
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
R ic h m o n d , V a ., J une 1975_____________________________________________ -_____________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1, 65 cen ts
R o c k fo r d , 111., J une 1974 2 __________ ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 197 5 ____________________________________________________ _________ Suppl.
F ree
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f ., D e c . 1 974 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 19, 80 cen ts
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1 _________________________________________________________________ 18 50- 1 6 , 75 cen ts
S a lt L a k e C ity—O g d en , U tah, N o v . 1974 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ________ ___________________________________________________ __ _ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 cen ts
San D ie g o , C a li f ., N o v . 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 13, 80 cen ts
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f., M a r . 1975 1______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $1.0 0
O
San J o s e , C al i f ., M a r . 1975 1 _________________ _________ ___ ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 , 85 ce n ts
S avannah, G a ., M ay 1974 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle—E v e r ett, W a sh ., J an. 197 5 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F re e
South B en d , Ind., M a r . 197 5 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S p ok a n e, W a s h ., J une 1 974 2 ________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J uly 1975____ _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3, 65 cen ts
T o le d o , O h io — ic h ., M a y 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 34 , 80 ce n ts
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., S ep t. 1975 1 _________________________________________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 , $1.2 0
U tica — o m e , N .Y ., J uly 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 , 80 ce n ts
R
W a sh in g ton , D .C ^ - M d .- V a ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 , $1.0 0
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 974 2 _____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975 1 ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 cen ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 197 5 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 , 80 cen ts
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________________________ ____ 1 8 5 0 -3 2 ,
80 cen ts
F ree
Y ou n g s tow n —W a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1 973 2 _____________________________________________ ______ Suppl.

T H I R D C L A S S M A IL
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
P O STAG E A N D FEES PAID

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C . 2 0 2 1 2

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR

O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U S E $30 0

L A B - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L OFFICES
R e gion I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 220 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o de 6 1 1 )

S u ite 340 0
15 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M a in e
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p s h ire
R h o d e Isla n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R e gion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C hicago, III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 880 (A re a C o de 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ich ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
for iscon sin
W FRASER

Digitized


R e g io n V I

R e gion I II

R e gion IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19 10 1
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 154 (A re a C o de 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gions V I I a n o V I I I

S u ite 540
1371 P eachtree S t. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h one: 5 26-541 8 (A re a C ode 404 )
A labam a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
Regions IX and X

S e cond F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 7 52 02
P h o n e : 7 49-351 6 (A re a C o de 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 8 16 )

45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 360 17
San F rancisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 56-467 8 (A re a C o de 4 1 5 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

X

A laska
Id a h o
O regon
W a s h in g to n