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JL < 2 - 3

:

/ y < ro -

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Austin, Texas, Metropolitan Area
Decem ber 1975
B u lletin 1 8 5 0 -8 3




0 °*

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides resu lts of a D e c e m b e r 1975 s u rv e y of occupational earn in gs
and supplem entary w age benefits in the Austin, T e x a s , Standard M etro p o litan S tatistical A r e a
(H ays and T ra v is C ounties). The survey w as m ade as p a rt of the B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistic s1
annual a r e a w age su rv e y p ro g ra m .
The p ro g ra m is design ed to yield data fo r individual
m etropolitan a r e a s , as w e ll as national and re g io n a l estim ates fo r a ll Standard M etrop olitan
Statistical A r e a s in the United States, excluding A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r consideration in the a re a w age s u rv e y p ro g ra m is the need to d e s c rib e the
le v e l and m ovem ent of w age s in a variety of la b o r m a rk e ts, through the an a ly sis of (1) the
le v e l and distribution of w ages by occupation, and (2) the m ovem ent of w age s by occupational
catego ry and sk ill le v e l.
The p ro g ra m develops in form ation that m ay be used fo r m any
p u rp o ses, including w age and s a la ry adm inistration, co llec tiv e b argain in g, and assista n ce
in determ ining plant location. Survey resu lts a ls o a re u sed by the U .S . D epartm ent of
L a b o r to m ake w age determ inations under the S e rv ic e C on tract A c t of 1965.
C u rren tly , 83 a r e a s are included in the p ro g r a m . (See lis t of a r e a s on in side back
c o v e r.)
In each a re a , occupational earnings data a re co llected annually.
Inform ation on
establish m ent p ractice s and supplem entary wage benefits is obtained e v e r y th ird y e a r.
E ach y ear after a ll individual a re a w age su rv ey s have been com pleted, two su m m ary
bulletins a re issu e d . The fir s t brings together data fo r each m etropolitan a r e a su rv ey ed. The
second su m m ary bulletin p resents national and re g io n a l estim ate s, p ro je cted fr o m individual
m etropolitan a r e a data.
The A ustin su rv e y was conducted by the B u r e a u 's re g io n a l o ffice in D a lla s , T e x a s,
under the g e n eral d irection of Boyd B . O 'N e a l, A s s is ta n t R eg io n al C o m m is sio n e r fo r
O p eratio n s. The su rv e y could not have been accom p lish ed without the cooperation of the m any
firm s whose w age and s a la r y data provided the b a s is fo r the s tatistical in form ation in this
bulletin.
The B ureau w ish e s to ex p ress sin cere ap p reciation fo r the cooperation re c e iv e d .

Note:
A cu rren t re p o rt on occupational earnings and sup plem en tary w age p ro v isio n s in the
A ustin a r e a is also -available fo r the m etalw orking in d u strie s.

A R E A W A G E SU R VEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 - 8 3
April 1976

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

A ustin, T exas, M etropolitan Area, D ecem ber 1975
CONTENTS

Page

In tro d u c tio n ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s :
A -l.
W ee k ly earnings of office w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________________________
3
A -2 .
W e e k ly earnings of p ro fessio n al and technical w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________
5
A -3 ,
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings of office, p ro fe s s io n a l, and technical w o rk e rs , by s e x ________________________________________
6
A -4 .
H o u rly earnin gs of maintenance and pow erplant w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________________________
7
A -5 .
H o u rly earnings of custodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________
8
A -6 .
A v e r a g e hourly earnings of m aintenance, pow erplant, custodial, and m a t e ria l m ovem ent w o rk e rs , by s e x ______
9
A -7 .
P e rc e n t in c re a se s in average hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups, adjusted fo r em ploym ent shifts.. 10

B,

E stab lish m en t p ractice s and supplem entary w age p ro v isio n s:
B -1 .
M in im um entrance s a la rie s fo r in experienced typists and c le rk s ___________________________________________________________
B -2 .
L ate shift pay p ro visio n s fo r fu ll-tim e m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w eek ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e fir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -4 .
A n nu al paid holidays fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs _____________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 a . Identification of m a jo r paid holidays fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs __________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id vacation p ro visio n s fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in suran ce, and pension plans fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________

A pp en dix A .
A pp en dix B .




Scope and method of su rvey _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Occupational d e s c rip tio n s _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G o vern m en t Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D. C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS R e g io n a l O ffices listed on back c o ver. P ric e 75 cents. M a k e checks p aya b le to Superintendent o f D ocum ents.

11
12
13
14
15
16
19
21
25

Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Departm ent of L a b o r 's
B u reau of L a b o r Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areaw id e b a s is . In this are a , data w e re obtained
by p erso n al v isits of B u reau field econom ists to represen tative e s ta b ­
lishm ents within six b ro a d industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n s p o r­
tation, com m unication, and other public utilities; w h o lesale trade; re ta il
trad e; finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e rv ic e s . M a jo r industry
groups excluded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and the
construction and extractive in du stries. E stablishm en ts having fe w e r than
a p re s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk e rs are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are p rovided
fo r each of the b ro a d industry divisions which meet publication c r ite ria .
A -s e r ie s tables
T a b le s A - 1 through A -6 provide estim ates of straigh t-tim e
hourly or w eekly earnings fo r w o rk e rs in occupations common to a
v ariety of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in du stries.
Occupations
w e re selected fro m the follow ing catego ries: (a ) O ffice c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fessio n a l and technical, (c ) m aintenance and pow erplant, and (d) custodial
and m a te ria l m ovem ent.
In the 31 la rg e st survey a r e a s , tables A - l a
through A -6 a provide s im ila r data fo r establishm ents em ploying 500
w o rk e rs or m o re.
F o llo w in g the occupational w age tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office c le r ic a l w o rk ­
e r s , electronic data p ro c e ssin g w o rk e rs , in du strial n u rs e s , sk illed




maintenance w o rk e rs , and un skilled plant w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u re of
w age trends elim inates changes in av e ra g e earn in gs cau sed by em p lo y ­
ment shifts among establish m ents as w e ll as tu rn o v er of esta b lish m en ts
included in survey sam ples. W h e re p o s s ib le , data are p re se n te d fo r all
in du stries, m anufacturing, and nonm anufacturing. Appendix A d is c u s s e s
this w age trend m easu re.

B - s e r i e s tables
The B -s e r ie s tables p resen t in form ation on m in im um entrance
s a la rie s fo r office w o rk e rs ; la te -s h ift pay p ro v is io n s and p ra c tic e s fo r
plant w o rk e rs in m anufacturing; and data s e p a ra te ly fo r plant and o ffice
w o rk e rs on scheduled weekly hours and days of fir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s ; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, in su ra n c e , and pension p lan s.

Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes.
A ppendix A d e s c rib e s the
methods and concepts used in the a r e a w age su rv ey p ro g ra m . It p ro v id e s
inform ation on the scope of the a r e a su rv ey and in form ation on the a r e a 's
in du strial composition in m anufacturing.
It a ls o p ro v id es in form ation
on labo r-m an agem en t agreem ent c o v e ra g e .
Appendix B p ro v id e s jo b
d escriptions used by B u reau fie ld econ om ists to c la s s ify w o r k e r s in
occupations fo r which stra ig h t-tim e earn in gs in form ation is p resen ted .

A. Earnings
Weekly earnings

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—
§

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

—
70

Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

$

$ i(

$

1 0 6 *0 0

i "^ * 2 2
69

'” 0

90

100

no

1 LAj
<

11
1 1/ Cft
1 1 ^ .j 0

1 1 - #0 0
1 1 ^ . ft ft

9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0

5

137

1 3 8 .5 0

$

S
150

170

—

1—

180

s

$

190

200

S

S

210

220

1 -------- 1 -------- s —

*
230

240

250

260

130

140

150

160

170

I

80

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

22

11

24

„ • ?

1 0 ‘' * ' " Q

1 0 9*0 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .So

20

1

• :>

1

1 1 0 .0 0
1 A*.

1 AA
1 JJ-

ft#

2?

A,
r

17
16

ro

1t"'n . 0 0
l -0 nn

ft

14

?

0 .0 0

110 ft ft
J 12 * 2 ®

*"

25

rri
9 7 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

.

23

20
14

-

27

72
17

59
26

1 5 6 .0 0

34
28

1 9 2 .0 0

37
83

lnr *-n

1 4 q .5 0 -2 0 8 .5 0
1 5 ? .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

1 7 1 *5 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0

68

8

15
53

174

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0
lb l.0 0 - 2 2 0 .0 0

167
1 4 6 *0 0

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

11

11

14

17

23
17

12

28

10

16

133)00

1 3 0 .5 0

22

22

38

45

25

28

17

18

32

39

18

15

1

*1

..

10

1 9 0 .0 0

1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0
l2 n . 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 !
1 2 0 .0 0 1 4 3 .5 0

j

1

g
13

1

8

1
£

1

3 9 .5

146

^4

8

4 0 .0
181

8

1

1 4 3 .0 0 1 9 0 .5 0
14a . 0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -

CLAS

25

14 p . 0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0

1 7 3*0 0

j

34

33

J IJ
38

LLAb

^0

H 2 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 50

502
129

LLA

14

10

IQ

j

21

1 0 0 *^0

-

h

1

**

1 A O * ft ft

Q Q *^

LL

w

1
15

. _

"IQ

SECRETARIES.

i

t

160

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

j

b t L K L 1A K 1L b y

~

140

1

n

0

15 4*0 0

82

j L L K L IA K lL o »

—

\

j

LL Ao j

f

1
130

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

1 5 *"

22

j

120

lK n*nn

3 9 *0

3 9 *^

j L L n L 1 A *' 1 L

120

$

39

r IL L f

S

%

110

270

and

9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

no

L L t H i'l t

100

17

CLA->.a A

r Il.t - 9

S

s
90

workers

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

L L tH n j f

80

and
under
80

all

S

r

1

g

-

1

1
1

over

W eekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of--$

Average
weekly

$
70

Median

(standard)

*

Middle range *

and
under

I
80

s

$
90

100

S

no

S

$

$

i

120

130

140

ISO

-

-

-

-

-

80

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

-

9
8

14
10

11
10

2

5
5

15

4
3

2

2

6

1

2

3

14

9

2

-

170

s

S

170

180

-

-

-

-

$

S
160

-

180

190

190

s
200

$
210

200

J
220

$
230

S

$
240

250

5
260

270

-

-

210

220

230

240

250

-

-

*

-

*

260

and

270

over

*

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

44
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

$
1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

$
$
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------

80

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

9 8 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0

5

19

19

117 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

73

3 9 .5

5
-

5

5
-

j ^ * ft ^
i
113* .*0 110*00
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
uLriCKAL

-

6

3
3

19

20

~
L

1
3 9 *^

120*00
?

^9

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




1-3

1

2

2
1

1
1
1

-

3

-

■
*
^

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f ---S

Average
weekly

$

S

*

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

s

I

S

S

(

t

S

%

i

Mean *

(standard)

Median *

Middle range*

130

1**0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2M0

260

280

300

320

3M0

360

M00

MM0

130

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

1M0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2M0

260

280

3QQ-..J g P

3MQ

360

MOO

MM0

M80

-

7

1

M

2

<
4

9

2
2

-

35
12

8
1

1

3

“

*

“

*

“

3

1

2

8

7

e

3

120
U n d er and
120

ALL WORKERS
$

2 2 9 .5 0

2 2 9 .5 0

20 m . 0 0 -2 6 2 .5 0

3 9 .5 1 6 3.50
MO.O 1 7 0.50
3 9 .5 1 5 8 .5 0

161.00
172.00
157 .5 0

1M9.5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
lM n .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

Ml
19

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1M3.50
1M3.00

1M3.00
132.50

1 3 ? .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

3
2

6
M

7
7

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

90
28

MO.O 2 3 8 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 2 9 .0 0

2M1.50
2 3 2 .5 0

2 2M .50-2M 8.50
2 07.00-2M M .00

_

_

_

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
B U SINESS. CLASS C -----------------------------

17

3 9 .5

176 .0 0

177.50

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 M .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS A -----------------------------

35

3 5 8 .5 0

3 5 5 .5 0

3 2 8 .0 0 -3 8 9 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B -----------------------------

26

MO.O 2 8 9 .5 0

2 9 3 .5 0

2 7 ? .0 0 - 3 0 9 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------------

60
3M

MO.O 2 1 9 .5 0
MO.O 2 1 9 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0 2 0 o .0 0 -2 M O .0 0
2OM.00 1 8 6 .0 0 -2 6 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

72
30
M2

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

SI
36

DRAFTERS. CLASS C -------------------------------

29

ELECTRONICS TECH NICIANS:
NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

38

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




*

*•

-

*

3

*

2

8
1
7

6
5
1

8
5

3

5

3

3

3

-

2

-

2

12

8
2

.

*

M
M

3
2

5

7
1

26

*

1
1

6

“
M

1

M

1

2

-

1

“

-

2

20
8
12
1

2

-

-

.

-

-

*

-

2

_

6

-

MO.O 159 .0 0

1 5 3.50

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

2

1M0.00

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

10

5

2

6

*

-

6

1

5

7

7

11
1

6
3

6
6

3
3

3

7

_

-

-

1

_

-

7

5
1

3
3

1
1

6
6

M
3

15

5
5

6

12

6

5
2

M

2

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

-

*
-

_

-

-

10

-

“

2

3
-

18M.00 I 7 o .0 0 - 2 0 B .5 0
18M.O0 1 6 7 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

9

1

7
3
M

”

MO.O 1 8 6 .0 0
MO.O 185 .5 0

O
o

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

o
o

20

$

$

$

CLASS A ------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

3

3

2

1

-

2

9

5

3

3

5

1

2

5

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1

-

-

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

of

Average
(m e a n *)

Average

£ 3 ?

(mean*)
Number

Number

Number
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of

Weekly

workeis
(standard)

(standard)

MEN

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

of

(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 9 .0
502
129
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

38

WOMEN
—' ' L 1 nn 1 C J ,
.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0 ■

39.5
39 .5
4 0 .0

w L M D .J

SECRETARIES,
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

163
47
116

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

16

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

30
27

3 9 .5

CLASS B ---------------------

1 5 0 .5 0
1 3 9.00
l- A . , , 0

120
37
83

1 0 9 .0 0

51
116

SECRETARIES*

CLASS D

147
22

3 .0
_

J .D

ia i

44

60

39)5

39.5

153 .5 0

30 5 117 SO'
4 0 .0 115 .5 0 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
118.001
NONMANUFACTURING - — ---------- ----- -----

39.5

64
391

167 .0 0
170 .5 0
165 .0 0
186.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.

1 3 3.50
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.

/ n .0
0 a
r-

-w

107.00
10 1 .^ 0

3 6 8 .5 0

2 8 8 .0 0

17
56

39 5 117 50
3 9 ,5 130.50
113 .5 0

__

-

,„

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 0 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

n . - T r-~ ~
21

39 5 121 50
3 9 . 5 1 2 3 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IAN S:
NONMANUFACTURING:
4 0 .0

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

132.50,
1 3 3.00

"10 r

A(

an

138
23

39.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

1 7 6.00
186 .5 0
171.50

3 9 »5

}? n * 2 ?
10^.
1 5Q

39.5
39.5
3 9 ,5

3 9 .5
STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------

38

192.00!
1 8 7.50

30 0
88
22
66

1 5 8 .5 J
167 .0 0
156 .0 0
182.50

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la te o n ly to w o rk e rs w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d b y the esta b lis h m e n t. E arn in gs data in
ta b les A - l and A - 2 , on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu p ation .
(See appendix A fo r p u b lica tion c r it e r ia . )

1 5 0 .0 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings3

S

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

M ean2

Median*

Middle range *

S

3 .2 0

Number

3 .4 0

s

S
1
3 . 60 3 . 80 4 .0 0

s
4 .2 0

i
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

$
^
5 .0 0 5 .2 0

!
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

$
6 .2 0

s
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

i
6.80

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

3 . 80 4 . 00 4 .2 0

4 .4 0

• .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 »2 o

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 •oo 7 .2 0

7 .4 0

1
1

i
i

"

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

—

“

i
i

—

*

“

*

14
4
10

6

9
7
2
2

_

_

.

8

-

-

-

t

1
~5----7 .4 0 7 .6 0

and
under
3 .4 0

3 .6 0

7 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
E LE C TR IC IAN S* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

19
19

$
5 .6 7
5 .6 7

$
5 .0 0
5 .0 0

$
$
4 .7 6 - 7.01
4 . 7 6 - 7.01

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----

71
26
4b
37

A . 62
A . 05
4 .9 4
5 .0 9

4 .4 6
4 .0 2
4 .6 8
4 .6 8

4 . 1 0 - 4 .6 8
3 .7 5 - 4 .4 6
4 .3 6 - 5 .2 7
4 . 6 8 - 5 .2 7

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




—
*

1
1

1
1

“

-

3
3
-

-

6
6
-

1
1

3

3
3
3

1
1

15
15
15

3

3
3

-

5
2
3
3

—

-

*

1
•

1

-

8
8

—

3

3
3

3

1
1

.
•

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

$
*
$
*
$
$
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .A o

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

$
2 .5 o

$
2 .6 o

$
2 .7 0

$
s
2 . 8 q 2 . 9 o 3 .0 0

1

s

$

s

s

3 .2 0 3 . 4 q 3 .6 0 3 . So

$

s

I

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

S

4 .6 0

4 .8 0 5 .0 0

s

S

s

5 .2 0

5.4Q

and
under

Mean 2

2 .1 0

and
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

58
1
57

13
-

-

13

15

182

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3
3

1
1
-

2
2
-

4
2
2

5
5
-

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

1
1
“

6
6
*

11
3
8

3
-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

20
5
15

13

8

-

13

.

-

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

1
1

1
1

5 .4 0

over

-

-

8

ALL WORKERS

_

_

.

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------

127
26
101

$
2 .4 8
3 .2 0
2 .3 0

$
2 .2 0
3 .0 6
2 .1 0

$
2 .1 0 2 .8 1 2 .1 0 -

$
2 .7 6
3 .2 6
2 .3 (i

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------- ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

369
54
315

2 .4 0
2 .7 0
2 .3 5

2 .1 0
2 .5 0
2 .1 0

2 .1 0 2 .4 5 2 .1 0 -

2 .5 *
2.7(1
2 .5 0

18

182

14
6
8

9
5
4

17
11
6

37
10
27

18
8
10

6
3
3

15
2
13

9
1
8

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING ------------

169

2 .6 9

2 .5 0

2 .4 0 -

2 .9 2

-

3

12

27

20

34

10

16

2

11

5

9

2

16

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER FILLE R S --------------------------------------

47

3 .3 0

3 .0 0

2 .9 0 -

3 .9 l

-

-

-

1

1

3

4

-

1

11

13

1

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS. SH IPPIN G ------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- -----------------

51
45

2 .6 8
2 .7 0

2 .5 7
2 .5 7

2 .4 0 2 .4 0 -

2 .8 3
2 .9 ()

-

.

2

*

4
4

18
18

2
1

8
7

4
3

“

3
2

4
4

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

-

*

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------

41

3 .4 3

3 .4 5

2 .6 5 -

3 .5 5

-

-

1

2

3

14

3

-

-

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

31
17

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .3 5
3 .2 6

3 .1 0 2 .9 0 -

3 .4 8
3 .7 (,

3
3

3
-

8
2

7
2

4
4

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

489
189
300

3 .9 4
3 .3 7
4 .3 0

3 .5 5
3 .3 2
4 .0 6

2 . 7 2 - 4 .3 ?
2 . 5 0 - 4 .2 ?
2 .8 0 - 6 . 6 3

12

30
12
18

8
4
4

16
16
”

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

101
82

2 .6 2
2 .5 7

2 .5 0
2 .5 0

2 .5 0 2 .4 0 -

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

*

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

182
171

4 .5 9
4 .7 1

4 .3 2
4 .3 2

3 .2 5 - 6 . 6 3
3 . 2 5 - 6 .6 -

”

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

128
81

4 .1 0
3 .0 9

3 .0 7
2 .8 5

2 .5 0 - 6 .6 3
2 . 5 0 - 4.2t|

“

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

38
20

3 .2 4
3 .0 6

3 .0 5
2 .6 8

2 .7 8 2 .5 6 -

3 .5=
3 .5=

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------

62

3 .0 2

2 .9 5

2 .6 6 -

3.0 7

*

W o r k e r s w e r e at $6 .2 0 to $6.40

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

18
-

-

15

-

.

3

-

-

-

-

-

11

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

“

2
2

-

-

15
3
12

2

-

11
3
8

-

2

82
46
36

8
8
*

20
4
16

17
5
12

12

43
18
25

8
8

12
12

2
2

41
32

2
“

13
13

8
8

2
2

9
3

2
2

3
*

4

10
10

12
12

16
16

4

”

4

-

20
10

2
2

-

-

3
3

3

*

3

.

-

_

-

*

“

-

2
2

5
5

*

'

6

4

“

“

_

_

-

"

3

4
4

32
32

5
5

-

5
5

2
2

3
3

1
1

2
2

2

2

“

“

10
2

2

6

2

6

6

9

12

9
4

_

_

3
3

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

7
4
3

.

3
-

3

*

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

1

-

-

•

118
66
52

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1

-

-

-

2

*

1

94

2
2

**

1
1

58
58

2
-

*

2

_

-

5

3

“

3

3

51
51

*

"

“

-

22
21

-

"

1
1

1
1

7
1

-

-

d

1

1

“

3

1

*94
-

.

36
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

“




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Austin, Tex., December 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n
earnings3

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
LLLv

^

nM i

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
19
19

1L*’ All vL

$
5 .6 7 '
5 .6 7

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
l NA11 1LNA mLL J
*

_

26
AS

$

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT

(UNDER

1A1

„

C"*

5 0*3
TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2

TO
^ *7 1

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------------------

26
100
JANITO RS, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

------

3 120
2 .3 0

278

2 .4 7

128

4 .1 0
3 .0 9

38

WAREHOUSEMEN

---------------------------------------------------

62

3 .0 2

*■*

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

3 .4 1

See footn otes at end of ta b le s .

E a rn in gs data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t. E a rn in g s data in
ta b les A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occupation.
(See appendix A fo r p u b lica tion c r it e r ia . )

------

2 .1 5




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Austin, Tex., for selected periods
D e c e m b e r 1972
to
D e c e m b e r 1973

D e c e m b e r 1973
to
D e c e m b e r 1974

D e c e m b e r 1974
to
D e c e m b e r 1975

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )____________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )_____
In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_________________
S k ille d m aintenance tra d es (m e n )________________ __
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n ).. ____________ __ __

7.4
*
**
**
6.5

10.3
7.1
**
12.5

8.8
7.6
**
**
8.0

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )________________ __
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )_____
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_________ _______
S k ille d m aintenance tra d e s (m e n )___________________
U n s k ille d plan t w o r k e r s (m e n )_______________________

**
**
**
9.1

**
**
**
**
7.6

**
**
**
**
7.8

N on m an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )____________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )_____
In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_____________ „
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d es (m e n )___________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n ).
_
_ _ _

**
*
**
**
**

**

8.7
**
**
**
**

In d u stry and occu p a tion a l
grou p

*
**

*

**
**

**

Data not a v a ila b le
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a re based on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the cu rren t and previou s
y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a re not a ffe c te d by changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p loym en t sh ifts among esta b lish m en ts o r tu rn o v e r o f estab lish m en ts
in clu ded in s u rv e y s a m p les.
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay a ffe c t an estab lish m en t
a v e r a g e fo r an occu pation when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans p rovid in g a range of w age rates
fo r in d ivid u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h irin g , fo r e x a m p le, new em p lo y e e s en ter at the
b ottom of th e -ra n g e, d e p re s s in g the a v e r a g e without a change in wage ra te s .
T h e s e w age tren d s a re not lin ked to the w age in d exes p r e v io u s ly published fo r this
a r e a b eca u se the w a ge in d ex es m ea su red changes in a r e a a v e ra g e s , w h erea s these w age
tren d s m e a s u re changes in m atched e sta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s .
Other c h a r a c te r is tic s of these
w a ge tren d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d exes include (1) earn in gs data of o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an h ou rly b a sis, (2) tren d estim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d f o r nonm anufacturing e s ta b lish m en ts, w h e re p os s ib le , and (3) tren d estim a te s
a r e p r o v id e d f o r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g job s.
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pute th ese w age tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Austin, Tex., December 1975
In e x p e rie n c e d typ is ts
M anufacturing
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

O th er in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 5
N on m an u factu rin g
A ll
in d u stries

B ased on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 6 of—

A ll
in d u stries

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
sch edu les

M an u factu rin g

N onm anu factu ring

B a sed on standard w eek ly hours 6 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

A ll
sch edu les

40

37 V2

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED --------------------

93

23

XXX

70

XXX

93

23

XXX

70

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPE C IFIE D
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------

21

6

5

15

11

38

11

10

27

21

d
d

2
1
-

2
-

-

_

2

1
1
7
1
2
"

-

4
3
5
12
1
“
1

2
2
1
“

2
3
3
10
1
1

2
1
2
9

-

.
i
i

6
i
2

1

3
2
1
1

3
1

1
2

3
I
“
1

1
1

“

* 8 2 . SO
$ 8 5 .0 0
* 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0
$ 1 0 0 .0 0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

l
l

i
2
"

“

7
2
-

-

2
2

*

3
-

1
1
1
*
“
-

1
1

1
1

d

1

1

i
i
i

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPE C IFIE D
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------

6

3

XXX

3

XXX

25

7

XXX

IB

XXX

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ------------------

6b

14

XXX

52

XXX

30

5

XXX

25

XXX

xxx

$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1
I
1
1

3
1
-

“
1

XXX




( A l l fu ll- t im e m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
A ll w ork ers 7

W o rk e rs on la te sh ifts

Ite m
Second sh ift

T h ird sh ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

7 1 .7

4 4 .8

11 .6

3 .5

1 7 .4
5 4 .3
38 .1
1 4 .3
1 .9

-

4 4 .8
2 6 .8
1 4 .3
1 .9

3 .8
7 .8
6 .8
.2
.7

3 .5
3 .2
.2
.1

1 9 .8
in . o

25 .1
1 2 .5

18 .0
10 .0

2 8 .1
1 2 .5

2 .7
4 .1
-

1 .2

-

1 .3
.6

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS -------WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR L a TE SHIFT WORK -------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------------UNIFORM CENITS-PER-HOUR D IF F E R E N T IA L --------------------UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e D IFFERENTIAL ----------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL -----------------------------------------------------

-

AVERAGE PAY D IFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR D IFFERENTIAL ------------------------UNIFORM P f
IRCE JTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L -------- ------------------------PFRCEUT OF WORKERS e)Y TYPE A'mO
AMOUNT OF PAY D IFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM
10
IS
20
25
3C
4u

CENTS-PFR-hUUR:
CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------

.5
9 .7
1 8 .9
9 .0
-

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
ID PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 PERCENT --------------------------------------

1 4 .3

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f ta b les.

4 .6
6 .A
8 .2
5 .2
4 .4

1 4 .3

.2

.2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll in d u stries

M anufacturing

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

WORKERS --------------------

100

lo o

100

100

HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 OAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------8/10 HOURS-5 OAYS --------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------4 DAYS -----------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS ------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 OAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS --------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS ----------------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------------

(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
1
5
4
2
1
2
74

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N onm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS 9 Y SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FU LL-TIM E
25
27
28
32
35

37
38
38
38
40

41
42
42
43
44

45
46
48

50

2

69
3

i
i
(9)

5
s
80

1
79
H
-

4
2
2

3
3
1
(9)

1
(9)

(9 )
1
(9 )
2
b
3
3
«
J
71
2

b

1
1

100

79
79
6
6
6

100

_
-

-

-

-

10

7

2

-

11
2
12

100

_
-

(9 )
(9 )

93
(9 )
93
-

(9 )
(9 )

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

*

-

-

4 0 .2

4 0 .7

3 9 .5

3 9 .8

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

3
i
i
-

S
-

100

_

l
3
h
3
2

(9 )
1

-

8

10
->
73
(9)

72
-

7

68
(9 )
68
“

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
w eekly

hours

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES --------------------

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




40-1

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in du stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

100

lo o

lo o

100

100

lo o

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIM E WORKERS -------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------

100

22

5

31

6

(9 )

-

(9 )

-

78

95

69

94

99

100

99

100

6 .7

7 .4

6 .2

8 .6

8 .1

8 .3

8 .1

9 .4

3
2
25
1
10
7
3
11
3
8
5
(9 )

4
12
3
20
b
9
19
“
2
7
14
-

3
3
32
(9 )
5
7
«
6
3
8

(9 )
(9 )
1
12
(9 )
9
9
6
16
28
9
6
(9 )
1
1
1

9
(9 )
3
7
80
-

78
74
72
48
46
36
30
27
16
16
13

95
91
91

99
99
99
86
86
77
68
68
61
45
17
8
2
2

100
100
100
91
91
91
91
91
88
88
80
-

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS --------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED1
0
1
2
4
5

HOLIDAY ----------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------6 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------7 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------8 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------10 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------11 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------12 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------1A H O L ID A Y S --------------------------------------------

(9 )

_
6
13
8
12
54
-

(9 )

-

69
6b
62
31
31
26
19
19
12
12
9
1
1
(9 )

94
94
87
74
74
74
74
74
66
66
54

(9 )
(9 )
1
13
(9 )
9
8
1
11
14
25
9
5
(9 )
5
I
(9 )

_
1
14
2
6
1
4
33
_
8
7
25
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIOAY TIME PRO VID ED 1
1
2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------4 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------S 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------8 DAYS OR M O RE ------------------ ------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------10 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------1? DAYS OR M O R E ---------- -------------------------




5
5

(9 )

80
77
57
51
42
23
23
21
14
14

-

-

99
99
99
86
86
77
69
68
58
44
20
11
b
i

100
99
99
85
83
77
76
72
40
40
32
25

25

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m 1
0
A l l in du stries

M anu factu ring

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

No nm anuf ac tu r ing

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

P ercen t o f w o rk ers
A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ____________________
N ew Y e a r 's D a y ________________________________
W a sh in g to n 's B irth d a y
G ood F r i d a y _____________________________________
G ood F r id a y , h a lf day
E a s te r Sunday
M e m o r ia l D a y __________________________________
F ou rth o f July
L a b o r D ay
__ __ __
_
_ _ __
Colum bus Day
V e te ra n s Day _
_
T h a n k s g iv in g D a y ___
D ay a fte r T h a n k s g iv in g ________ ______________
C h ris tm a s E v e
C h ris tm a s E v e . h a lf day
C h ris tm a s Day
E x tr a day d u rin g C h ris tm a s w e e k
N e w Y e a r 's E v e
_
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 13_____________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 2 days 13___________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y . 4 days 1
3
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 5 days 1 ____________________
3
E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y ___________________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




100

100

74
7
10
2
33
74
73
5
74
15
8
4
78
3
2
14
2
1
5
11

91
4
26
62
91
91
91
24
10
12
95
10
18
5

14
3

100
65
8
2
4
17
65
63
8
64
11
7
(’ )
69
-

4
12
( 9)
2
( 9)
15

100
94
54
12
74
94
94
54
87
71
20
-

94
-

54
-

99
38
12
4
( 9)
73
99
99
25
34
99
34
7
16
99
1
1
29
7
3
5
3

99
3
31
78
99
99
99
21
12
6
100
4
27
13
25
4

99
45
8
5
( 9)
72
99
99
30
41
99
37
6
17
99
-

1
29
6
3
1
3

100
100
80
7
91
100
100
80
100
90
11
-

100
80
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A11 in du stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

ALL FULL-TIM E WORKERS --------------------

100

lo o

lo o

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIOING
PAID VACATIONS ---------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------l e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------

96
96

lo o
100

94
94

100
100

lo o
100

100
lo o

100
100

100
100

7
22
3

s
IV

9
2h

Is
36
16

13
44

16
35
20

85
7

10
(9 )
89
1
"

5
“
9A
1
~

P u b lic u t ilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS

4

0

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTE k : 1
4

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEtKS ----------

s

d

67
12

Si
34
3
b

63
30
1
"

18
78
3
-

13
(9 )
db
i
-

32

2
d

?4
*d
3
b

28
I
bd
2
1

8
6
7A
12
-

2
(V )
93
1
3

8
85
2
6

1
(9 )
95
1
2

3
(9 )
89
7
“

*
1
82
3

4
8d
3

9

O
82
12

1

i
80

1
91
?
6

1
(9 )
95
2
2

(9 )
92
7

1
91

1
(9 )
95
2
2

”
(9 )
92
7
“

i
A3
2

1
(9 )
68
2
28
1

(9 )
92
6
1

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

SI
31
1

2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 wEtKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

1
ST

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------A YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 W 'EcKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEtKs ---------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEtKS -----3 WEEKS ------------------------A WEEKS -------------------------




d

?

1

7)
95
2
3

9
l
8l>
J
i

b
82
12

-

1
<y )
yS
d
3

4
-

9

sa

72
3

6
82

i
(Y )
6A

8

d

3

33
(Y )

d
i
*2
3
2

<
4
3b
j
b

6
1
67
3
17

(A)

3

(

4
<
3A

i

a
(9)

66
2

2

b

55

P la n t w o r k e r s

Item

AMOUNT OF PAID V A CA TI ON
CONTINUED

A ll in du stries

M anufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

4
28
4
4b
19

9
40
A2
2
i

19
77
3
“

1
(9 )
24
9
b9
(9 )
7

11
2
58

4
28
4
4b
19

9
40
Ai
2
2

4
-

9
32
*
44
1
7

13
67
8
12

9
32
30
1
20
1
(9 )

13
6
77
3
“

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

u F T E P 14 -

10 YEARS OF SERVICES

1 vi/EEK--------------------OV ER 1 AND UN DE R 2 WEEKS
2 WE EK S -------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 w tcKS

3 WEEKS -------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R 4 wtcKs
4 WEEKS --------------------

3b
1
44
1
7

12 YEARS OF SERVICES

1 WEEK --------------------OV ER 1 AND UN D E R 2 W E e KS
2 WE EK S ----------------- —
OV ER 2 AND UN D E R 3 W E c k s
3 WEEKS -------------------OV ER 3 AND UN DE R A WEEKS
A WE EK S -------------------IS

3b
1
A3
1
b

YEARS OF SERVICES

1 WEEK ------------------OV E R 1 AND UN DE R 2 WEEKS

2 WEEKS -----------------OV ER 2 AND UN DE R 3 WEEKS

3 WEEKS -----------------O V E R 3 AND UN DE R 4 WEEKS
A WE E K S -------------------

d
“
30
1
A1
1
15

4

3b
30

20 YEAHS OF SERVICES

1 WEEK ------------------OV ER 1 AND UN D E R 2 WEEKS
2 W E I K S ------------------O V E R 2 AND UN D E R 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ------------------OV ER 3 AND UN D E R A wEcKS
A WEEKS ------------------OV E R A AND UN D E R 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -------------------

b
-

29
1
33
1
Id
(9 )
7

4

22
4

40
12
19

.
-

19
69
12

_

_

1
-

-

28

i
(9 )
26
11
59
(9 )
3

1
(9 )
24
9
69
1
7

11
2
S8
28

1
(9 )
21
(9 )
63
1
2A

11
2
38
48

1
(9 )
23
56
2
19

1
(9 )
21
(9 )
31
(9 )
42
(9 )
5

1
9
2
35
26
28

1
(9 )
23
31
(9 )
45
(9 )
1

1

1
(9 )
23

1
-

1
-

1
(9 )
26
11
59
1
3

-

B
-

91
1

-

8
85
7

7
82
6
5

.
7
1
(9 )
9U
1

25 YEARS OF SERVICES

1 WEEK --------------------OV ER 1 AND UN D E R 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------OVER- 2 AND UN D E R 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ------------------OV ER 3 AND UN DE R A WEEKS
A WEEKS ------------------OV ER A AND UN DE R 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -------------------




8
29
1
28
1
15
1
13

4
22
4
AO
“
12
19

9
-

32

13
-

22
1
17
2
10

6
15
12
54

1
(9 )
21
(9 )
31
(9 )
30
2
15

-

9
2
35
26
-

28

-

31
(9 )
31
2
13

-

7
1
(9 )
3
7
80

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in du stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

AMOUNT OF PAID VACA TI ON A F T E R 14 CONTINUED
30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER l AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------maximum

vacation

6

4

S
)

-

-

-

29
1
28
1
14
(9)
15

2c
4
40
-

in
21

32
-

22
1
17
1
12

availahle:

1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 W E E K S ----------------------- ------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 wEEKo ---------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEl KS ---------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

7 WEEKS ---------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




9

a
-

-

-

29

22

32

1
28

1
12
(9)
17

4

-

4U
-

22
1

lu
PI

13

1
lb

_

_

i
(7 )

21

13
-

(7 )

6
15

31
(7)
*9

_
3

62
13
.
_
6

15
3

62

(9 )

17
1
(7 )
21
(7 )
31
(7 )

i
-

9
2
35
-

22
31
1

i
(9)
23
31
(9)
31
(9)
15
1

-

(9 )

9
2
35

23
31
(9)
31
(9)
14
1

-

37
(7 )

22

17
1

31

-

-

7
-

1
(9)
3
1
8b
-

7

-

1
(9 )

3
1
86

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

No nm anuf ac tur ing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

lou

lo o

100

100

lo o

100

100

SHOWN BELOW1 -----------------------------------------5

94

100

91

100

99

100

99

100

L IF E INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

82
47

92
51

77
45

100
87

93
59

98
70

92
56

100
95

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

60
40

64
36

58
43

81
72

69
54

63
50

70
55

92
88

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH1 6 ----------------------

60

57

62

82

95

84

98

89

21
15

17
13

23
17

75
69

19
18

25
25

18
16

85
85

38

44

34

13

71

81

69

5

14

6

18

54

26

25

27

80

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE ---------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

18
13

24
19

15
6

21
8

38
19

51
38

35
16

10
6

H O S P IT A LIZ A T IO N INSURANCE -----------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

87
5u

100
62

81
43

100
81

97
61

100
84

97
57

100
92

SURGICAL in s u r a n c e ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

87
53

100
62

81
43

100
81

97
61

100
84

97
57

100
92

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

97
50

lo o
62

81
43

100
81

97
61

100
84

97
57

100
92

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ---------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

87
49

100
62

80
43

100
81

97
61

lo o
84

97
57

100
92

DENTAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

12
10

16
14

9
8

-

8
8

26
25

4
4

RETIREMENT PENSION ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

70
51

74
66

67
44

93
72

85
71

91
78

84
70

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FU LL-TIM E

WORKERS --------------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
least

one

of

th e

b e n e f it s

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
W AITING PERIOD) ------------------------------SICK LEAVF (P A R T IA L PAY UR
W AITING PERIOD) -----------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




_

-

96
91

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e th e ir re gu lar straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay fo r overtim e
at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m ra te s ), and the earnin gs co rresp o n d to these w eek ly hours.
2 The m ean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earn in gs of a ll w o rk ers and dividing by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s .
The m edian
designates position— h a lf of the em ployees surveyed re c e iv e m o re and h a lf receive le s s than the rate shown.
The m id d le range is defined
by two ra tes of pay; a fourth of the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r of these rates and a fourth earn m o re than the high er rate.
3 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o lid ay s, and late shifts.
4 T h ese s a la r ie s relate to fo rm a lly establish ed m inim um starting (h irin g ) re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard
w o rk w eek s.
5 E x clu d es w o rk e rs in s u b c le ric a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r.
6 Data a re p resen ted fo r a il standard w ork w eeks com bined, and fo r the m ost common standard w o rk w eek s repo rted .
7 Includes a ll plant w o rk e rs in establishm ents cu rren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents whose fo rm a l p ro v isio n s co v er late
shifts, even though the establish m ents w e re not cu rren tly operating late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
9 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
1 F o r p u rp o ses of this study, pay fo r a Sunday in D ec e m b e r, negotiated in the autom obile in dustry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 A l l com binations of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount a re combined; fo r exam ple, the pro po rtio n of w o rk e rs receiv in g
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 fu ll days and no h a lf days, 8 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 7 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ay s, and so on.
P ro po rtio n s then w e re cumulated.
1 A C h ristm a s—N ew Y e a r holiday period is an unbroken s e rie s of h olidays which includes C h ristm as E ve, C h ristm a s D ay, N ew Y e a r 's
2
Eve, and N ew Y e a r 's Day.
Such a holiday p erio d is common in the autom obile, aero sp ace, and fa r m im plem ent in d u stries.
1 "F lo a tin g " holidays v a ry fro m y e a r to y e a r according to em p lo y er or employee choice.
3
1 Includes paym ents other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-s u m paym ents, converted to an
4
equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r exam ple, 2 percent of annual earnin gs w as co n sid ered as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e rio d s of s e rv ic e a r e chosen a r b it r a r ily
and do not n e c e s s a rily re fle c t individual p ro visio n s fo r p ro g re ss io n ; fo r exam p le, changes in proportions at 10 y e a r s include changes between
5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a tes a re cum ulative. Thu s, the p roportion e lig ib le fo r at least 3 w eek s' pay afte r 10 y e a r s in cludes those e lig ib le fo r
at least 3 w e e k s ' pay afte r fe w e r y e a r s of se rv ic e .
1 E stim a tes lis te d after type of benefit a re fo r a ll plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the e m p lo y er. "N o n con tribu tory
5
p lan s" include 'only those financed entirely by the em p lo y er.
Excluded are leg a lly requ ired plans, such as w o rk m e n 's com pensation, so c ia l
security, and r a ilro a d retirem ent.
Unduplicated total of w o rk e rs receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown s ep arately b elo w . Sick leav e plans a re
lim ited to those which definitely e sta blish at le a st the m inim um nu m ber of d ay s' pay that each em ployee can expect.
In fo rm a l sick leav e
allow an ces determ ined on an individual b a s is a re excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is it s 'o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3- y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo y m en t and
occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a com b in ation o f p e rs o n a l v is it, m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rvey .
In each o f the 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , data are obtained fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and oth er
pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou ps exc lu d e d fr o m th e s e , stu d ies a re go vern m en t op eration s and the co n stru ctio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p ation s studied. S ep a ra te tabulations a re prorvided fo r
e a ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e sam plin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u stry and nu m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith each e s ta b lish m en t
h avin g a p re d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com b in ed , ea ch e sta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased es tim a te s a re g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eight o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf
plus th r e e o th e r s . An a lte rn a te o f th e sam e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sam ple m e m b e r. I f no su itab le su bstitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sam p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3)
m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu pational c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esig n ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in du ties w ith in th e sam e jo b . O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n le s s o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , th e ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed.
E a rn in g s data fo r s o m e o f the occu p a tion s lis te d and d e s c rib e d , o r f o r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin
o ccu p ation s, a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s , becau se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
o ccu pation .
E a rn in g s data n ot shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s are in clu ded in a ll in d u s trie s
c o m b in ed d ata, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n of e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data exclu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N on produ ction bonuses are exclu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allow a n ces
ahd in c e n tiv e bonu ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hou rs fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
o ccu p ation s r e f e r to the stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rou nded to the n e a re s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occu p ation s a re rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu pation al ea rn in gs in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w a ge changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by changes in w a g es and em p lo ym en t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change, o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c ycle before July 1972.
2 Included in d ie 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N. Y . — P a .; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington-Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N . C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; Utica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department of Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jo b s and be re p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra tes.
Such sh ifts in
em p lo y m en t could d e c r e a s e an occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e ev e n though m o st esta b lish m en ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g es du ring the y e a r .
T re n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l gro u p s , shown in ta b le A -7 ,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou ps.
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r e a ch jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u al esta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin in d ivid u a l es ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w hich m ay con tribu te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the ra tes paid incum bents
a re c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u rv e y jo b d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su ally a re m o re g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p re s e n t the to ta l in a ll e sta b lish m en ts within the scope
o f the study and not the n u m b er actu a lly su rv e y e d . B eca u se o ccu p ation al s tru ctu res among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f estab lish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu pational
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c te d occu p ation al grou p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a g e ch an ges b etw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e fle c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th er than 12 m onths. Annual ra te s a r e b a sed on the assum ption that w ages
a constant ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pation s u sed to com pute w a ge tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k 8, p a y r o ll
K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B,
and C

E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m en )— Continued
C o m p u te r s y s te m s an a lysts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e ch a n ics
M ec h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. Each occu pation is assign ed a w e ig h t b a sed on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the s e le c te d
grou p o f occu pation s in the base y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a grou p a v e ra g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f grou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com pu ted by divid in g the a v e ra g e
fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.

E stab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
Th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p ro v is io n s f o r fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
’’ P la n t w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lead m en and tr a in e e s ) e n ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re ex clu d ed fr o m m a n u fa ctu rin g, but in clu d ed in non m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s ” inclu de w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r ic a l o r
re la te d fu nctions.
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t- tim e e m p lo y e e s a re exclu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re th o se h ir e d to w o rk a schedule c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r fe w e r w e e k ly hours than
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's sch edu le fo r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sam e g e n e r a l typ e o f w o rk .
The
d eterm in a tion is b a sed on the e m p lo y e r 's d is tin c tio n b etw een the tw o grou ps w h ich m a y take into
account not on ly d iffe r e n c e s in w o rk sch ed u les but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e \
e r s r e la te only to the esta b lis h m e n ts v is ite d . (See
ta b le “ - l . )
B
B eca u se o f the op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iqu es used and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
esta b lish m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l en tra n c e ra te s above the
s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l, the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e sta b lish m en ts.
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data a re lim it e d to fu ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) es ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 f o r to ta l p la n t'w o r k e r
em p loym en t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c tic e fo r w o r k e r s em p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u rv e y . In e sta b lish m en ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount applying to a m a jo r it y is used.
In
esta b lish m en ts havin g so m e la t e - s h ift hours p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l is r e c o r d e d only i f it
ap p lies to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs. A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m idn igh t. A
th ird (n igh t) sh ift s ta rts w o rk at o r n e a r m idn igh t.
T h e sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r ity o f the fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent a re tab u lated as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lish m en t.
(See
ta b le B - 3 .) Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days a re th ose w h ich a m a jo r ity o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
ex p ected to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e r tim e ra te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and pen sion plans a re tr e a te d s ta tis tic a lly
as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay
even tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . (S ee ta b le s B -4 through B - 6 .) Sums o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in
ta b les B -2 throu gh B -5 m a y not equ al to ta ls b eca u se o f rounding..

T h e su m m ary o f va ca tio n plans is a s ta tis tic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s ra th e r than a
m e a s u re o f th e p ro p o rtio n o f fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (S ee ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P a y m e n ts on oth er than a tim e b a s is a re c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s a re c o n s id e re d eq u ivalen t to 1 w e e k 's p ay. O nly b a s ic plans a re in clu d ed . E s tim a te s
ex clu d e va c a tio n bon u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s, and "e x te n d e d ” o r " s a b b a t ic a l” b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic
p lan s.
Such p ro v is io n s a re ty p ic a l in the s te e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and pension plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a rt o f the cost
in clu d e th o se (1) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e com pan y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p r o v id e d through a union fund, o r (3 ) p aid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r
fr o m a fund set a sid e fo r th is p u rpose.
(See ta b le B - 6 . )
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have
such a plan i f the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y e e s a re c o v e r e d e v e n though le s s than a m a jo r it y p a r tic ip a te
under the plan becau se e m p lo y e e s a re r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d the co s t.
E x c lu d e d are
le g a lly re q u ire d p lan s, such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Sickness and accid en t in su ra n ce is lim it e d to that ty p e o f in s u ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d
ca sh p aym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c tly to the in s u re d d u rin g te m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a ccid en t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to w h ich th e e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , which have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a re in clu ded only i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ire m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the
w o r k e r 's p ay during absence fr o m w o rk b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p re s e n te d
a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w h ich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r
p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d .
In addition to the p re s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
sic k n e s s and accident in su ran ce o r p aid sick le a v e / an u n du plicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e ith e r or both ty p es of b e n e fits .
L o n g te r m d is a b ility in su ran ce plans p r o v id e p a ym en ts to t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ira tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e and/or sic k n e s s and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m ad e until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a x im u m a ge, o r e lig ib ilit y f o r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r tia l p aym en ts a re a lm o s t alw ays
red u c e d by s o c ia l s e c u rity , w o rk m e n 's co m p en sa tio n , and p r iv a te p en sio n s b e n e fits p aya b le to the
d is a b le d em p lo y e e .

Data on paid h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d to h o lid a y s g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w hich (1 )
a re p ro v id e d fo r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a re e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(See ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily gra n te d a re in clu d ed even though th ey m ay fa ll on a non w orkday and the w o r k e r is not
gran ted another day o ff.
T h e fi r s t p a rt o f the p a id h o lid a ys ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole and
h a lf h olid ays actu a lly gra n ted . T h e secon d p a rt com b in es w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h olid ay
t im e . T a b le B -4 a re p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t com m on p aid h o lid a ys.

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ran ce plans p ro te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m sic k n e s s and in ju ry e x p e n s e s beyond
the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plans a re (1 ) a ''d e d u c tib le ” (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) paid by the in s u re d b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in su ra n ce
fe a tu re re q u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e r ta in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m axim u m b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . Dental in su ran ce u su ally c o v e r s fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E xclu d ed
a re plans which c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid en t d a m a ge.
R e tir e m e n t pen sion plans p ro v id e
p aym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following conditions: (1 ) Operated late .Iiifts at the time o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
* An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available to each
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Austin, T ex .,1 December 1975
N u m b er o f estab lish m en ts
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f study

W ith in scope
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied
N u m ber

P e rc e n t

F u ll- t im e
plant w o r k e r s

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

262

93

4 1 ,2 8 3

100

2 1 ,5 4 2

7 ,7 0 2

2 3 ,7 5 7

-----------------------------------------------------

5C
-

52
210

23
70

1 2 ,2 2 7
2 9 ,0 5 6

30
70

7 ,4 1 9
1 4 ,1 2 3

1 ,2 6 5
6 ,4 3 7

9 ,2 5 9
1 4 ,4 9 8

T R AN SP OR TA TI ON , C O MM UN IC AT IO N, AND
OTHER PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE
---------- ------------------------RE TAIL TRADE
------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AMD REAL ESTATE
-----------S E R V I C E S 8 ---------- -----------------------------------------------------

50
50
50
50
50

15
12
103
34
46

9
7
22
12
20

3 ,4 1 4
1 .0 1 3
1 4 ,5 9 8
5 ,4 8 d
4 ,5 4 1

8
2
35
13
11

2 ,1 2 5
<6 >
<6 )
<7 >
<6 )

747
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

3 ,0 1 5
665
5 ,b 6 0
2 ,7 9 3
2 ,1 6 5

ALL D I V I S I O N S --------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------------nonmanufacturing

___________

1 T h e A u s tin S tan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f H ays and T r a v is C ou n ties.
The "w o r k e r s within
s co p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e inclu ded in the s u rv e y . E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r
c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s re q u ir e s esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll
p e r io d studied, and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y ,
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w a s u sed to c la s s ify esta b lish m en ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n ,
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p an ies in in d u s trie s such as tra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t-tim e , and o th er w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the s e p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i lit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p resen ta tio n o f data is
not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo ym en t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sam p le w as not d esig n ed in it ia lly to p e r m it sep arate
p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tir e d iv is io n a re re p re s e n te d in es tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n o n ly in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll
in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p resen ta tio n o f data is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the rea so n s g iv e n in footn ote 6.
8 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s : au tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m otion p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g re lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m anu factu ring
A lm o s t th r e e -te n th s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scop e o f the s u rv e y in the A u stin a re a
w e r e em p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g fir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry groups
and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u s try grou p

S p e c ific in d u stries

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l — 22
E le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t and
s u p p lies ------------------------------------ 19
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t--------- 9
F u rn itu re and fix t u r e s --------------- 9
P rin tin g and pu b lish in g ------------- 9
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c ts ______ 8
Stone, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c ts __________________________ 6
M is c e lla n e o u s m an u factu rin g
in d u s t r ie s ________________________ 5

O ffic e and com puting
m a c h in e s _________________________19
C om m u n ication e q u ip m e n t_____ 10
Ship and boatbuilding and
r e p a ir in g ________________________ 9
H ousehold fu r n itu r e _____________ 9
E le c t r ic te s t and
d istrib u tin g e q u ip m e n t________ 6
N e w s p a p e rs _______________________ 5
J e w e lry , s ilv e r w a r e , and
plated w a r e _____________________ 5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is based on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rs e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actu a l s u r v e y .
P ro p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r fr o m p ro p o rtio n s b a sed on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in the appen dix ta b le.




L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g tabu lation shows the p e rc e n t o f fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs
em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts in w hich a union co n tra c t o r co n tra c ts c o v e re d a m a jo r ity o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c tiv e c a te g o r ie s , A u stin , T e x a s , D e c e m b e r 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s _____________________
M an u factu rin g_________________
N on m an u factu rin g_____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s _____________

20
27
16
73

O ffic e w o rk e rs
8
9
80

A n e sta b lish m en t is c o n s id e re d to h a ve a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs
i f a m a jo r it y of such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th er plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e em p lo y e d in esta b lis h m e n ts that e ith e r do not have
la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra cts in e ffe c t, o r h a ve co n tra cts that a p p ly to fe w e r than h a lf o f
th e ir plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f the extent
to w hich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g em en t
a g re e m e n ts , becau se s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed and the in d u s tria l scope o f the s u rv e y
is lim ite d .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y purpose of p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
occu p ation s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y ed under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe re n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lish m e n t to e sta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e rm its the grouping o f o ccu p ation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f this em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al con ten t, the B u rea u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d for, oth er p u rp o ses.
In applyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs ; ap p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and h andicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O FF ICE

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m achine oth er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r ic a l w ork
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m achine, a re c la s s ifie d by typ e of
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such as postin g to r e g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a ccu ra cy
o f accounting docum ents; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n co d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ es o f re p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g, e tc .; o r p re p a rin g sim p le or
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M ay w o rk in e ith e r a manual o r autom ated
accounting sys te m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in ation typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s , e tc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lication of p re d e te rm in e d discou nts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accum ulated by m ach in e. The op eration u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as part o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le op era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s e n try o f fig u re s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r re c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er of v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and usually p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d ebit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a kn ow ledge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it slip s.

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s which
re la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o rd in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e co m es f a m ilia r w ith the b ookkeepin g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w led ge o f the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
of b ookkeepin g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
G la ss A. U n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op era tion s w hich req u ire
the a p p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent,* fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f prescrib ed *.accou n tin g
cod es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting actions to d eterm in e
so u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d of
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K ee p s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic bookkeeping
p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it item s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M a y
p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a lan ce sh e e ts , and oth er re c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r section s of a set o f re c o r d s usu ally
re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g. P h ases o r section s include accounts p a ya b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e rs * accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c rib e d under b i l l e r , m a ch in e), c o st
d is trib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tro l, e tc. M a y check or assist in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p re p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accounting d epartm en t.

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and stan d ard ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , or
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin gs a re c le a r ly in d icated ; checking
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting co d es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system .
M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual task s r e q u ire d to m aintain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
lea d a s m a ll grou p of lo w e r l e v e l

in d exes file m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , tech n ica l
filin g s y s te m containing a n u m ber o f v a r ie d subject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o rd s o f v a rio u s ty p es in conjunction w ith the file s .
M ay
file c le r k s .

R e v is e d o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c rip tio n s fo r sw itch board o p e ra to r; sw itch b oard o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t ; m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lro o m ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r a re bein g in trodu ced
th is y e a r .
T h e y a re the re s u lt o f the B u rea u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly r e v ie w in g a re a w age s u rv e y occu p a tio n a l d e s c rip tio n s in o r d e r to take into account te c h n o lo g ic a l d evelop m en ts
and to c l a r i f y d e s c r ip tio n s so that th ey a re m o re re a d ily understood and u n ifo rm ly in te r p r e te d .
E ven though the r e v is e d d e s c rip tio n s r e fle c t b a s ic a lly the sam e o ccu p ation s as p r e v io u s ly
d efin ed , so m e re p o r tin g ch an ges m a y o ccu r becau se o f the re v is io n s .
T h e new s in g le le v e l d e s c rip tio n fo r




sw itch b oard o p e ra to r is not the e q u iva len t o f the two le v e ls p r e v io u s ly d efin ed .

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C la s s _ B .
S o rts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (su b ject m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in dex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
re la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tine filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, or
n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s re a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

•Exclusions
N ot all p o sition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o s itio n s which a re exclu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w hich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e du ties;

c.
S ten ograp h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p erson s;

s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a ss is ta n ts

to

a gro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d. S e c re ta ry p ositio n s in w hich the d u ties a re e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e
sta n tia lly m o re co m p lex and re s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
Duties in v o lv e any com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e dep artm en ts to be fille d . M a y check w ith c r e d it dep artm en t
to d eterm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, a ckn ow ledge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o rd e r s to see that th ey have been fille d , k eep f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
Com putes w a g e s o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
Duties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and posting
calcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w o rk in g d ays, tim e ,
ra te , deductions fo r in su ra n ce, and to ta l w a g es due. M ay m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a ca lcu la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

a lph abetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s ea rch in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y of s o u rce docum ents. On o c c a s io n m a y a lso p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M ay tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B.
W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e . .Under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s sta n d a rd ize d s o u rce docum ents w h ich have been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s or co d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s o f

te c h n ic a l,

or

rou tin e o r sub­

e.
A ssistan t typ e p ositio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : Th e t e r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pan y
a c tiv itie s . The tit le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p osition s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e rs o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
ca s e s o r tra n sa ction s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it actio n s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l
tru s t accounts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s t a ff) a r e not ^ c o n s id e re d to be "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp oses o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c re ta ry to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r s u b s id ia ry of a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e rra n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
p o sition s that re q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant,
o f f ic ia l) that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s eg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e rv is o r of an o rg a n iz a tio n a l s eg m en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u al.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and high ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s fa ir ly in depen den tly
re c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu din g m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir ie s ,
an d .rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a len d a r and m a k es appointm ents as in stru cted ;

d.
v is o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in ta in s,

c.

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

sten o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
Th e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tine and understanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e rv is o r.




e tc.

(o r o th e r eq u iva len t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1.
S e c re ta ry to an exe c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not e q u iv a le n t to
one of the s p e c ific l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts
w hich a re often, in tu rn , fu rth e r subdivided. In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d es a w id e ran ge o f
o r g a n iz a tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o ; cjt

s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and r e p o rts p re p a re d by o th ers fo r the s u p e r­
sign atu re to a ssu re p ro c e d u ra l and ty p o g ra p h ic a cc u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant,
o f f ic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
*

fa c t o r y ,

e tc . (o r o th e r eq u iv a le n t l e v e l of

C la s s D

1.
S e c re ta ry to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

s u p e rv is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c re ta ry to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r assistan t, s k ille d t-c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M an y co m p an ies a s s ig n s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c rib e d ab ove, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENO G RAPH ER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . M a y a lso
typ e fr o m w ritte n copy.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ogra p h ic pool.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e
r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is t ra n s c rib in g fr o m r e c o rd in g s , s e e T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E x clu d ed fr o m th is d efin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though th ey m ay a lso o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er o r exe c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu latin g a ssign m en ts inclu ding d evisin g d iffic u lt
c o n tro l p a n el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y of long and
c o m p le x r e p o rts w h ich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature and
sequ en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p e ra tin g sequ en ces o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not include p o sition s in w hich w irin g
re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l tasks.

M ay m aintain

f ile s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
re p o r ts

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain file s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties req u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and re s p o n s ib ility
them s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u ire s a high d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic
sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th o ro u gh w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u re s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n o w led g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and re s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g follow u p
f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com p osin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; rea d in g and ro u tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g routine q u estio n s, etc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te lep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n so le used w ith a p riv a te b ran ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tgoin g, and in tr a - s y s te m c a lls .
M ay p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ced and to ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p era tin g a
telep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m routine c le r ic a l w o rk (typin g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occu py the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e ra to rs in estab lish m en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a re ex clu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r w ho a lso acts as a re c e p tio n is t, s ee S w itch b oa rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s in g le -p o s itio n te lep h o n e s w itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itch ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r con tactin g that p erso n b y teleph on e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ssig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routine and r e c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m ach in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used by c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
r e q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p eration s.
C la s s C .
U n d er s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s of a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r re p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do so m e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G r M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o rk e rs
tra n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu ded.
A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tion in shorthand o r by
Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r calcu lation s
have been m ade b y another p e rs o n .
M ay in clu d e typ in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keeping
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s _ A .
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r re s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in spacin g. M ay typ e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le standard tab u lation s; o r
cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
CO M PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l com pu ter to p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk includes m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Stu dies in s tru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ip m en t setup and o p era tio n s; loads equ ipm ent With r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and sta rts and
o p e ra te s co m p u te r; m a k es a dju stm en ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p eratin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade d u rin g o p era tio n and d e term in es cause o r r e f e r s p ro b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay test and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .

C la s s B .
O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re esta b lis h e d production
ru ns, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is lit t le o r no testin g o f new p ro g ra m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s, d ia g n o s e s cause and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p re v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e step s, o r using standard
c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.
OR

F o r w a ge

study p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u ced ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im ize d ow n tim e; the p ro g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d esig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu idance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p era tes under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A. M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r by independently
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is ex p e c te d to d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n o w led ge o f the co m p u te r equ ipm ent used and a b ility to d e tect p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts sta tem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s an alyst, into a
sequence o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ire d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d in to the co m p u ter s y s te m in cod ed lan gu age, cau se the m an ipu lation o f data to a ch ieve
d e s ir e d r e s u lts .
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d
flo w ch arts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p ro c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to cod ed in stru ctio n s
fo r m achine to fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p ro g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p era tin g p e rs o n n e l
during prod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to n ew re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w h ich
re q u ir e c o m p eten ce in a ll p hases o f p ro g ra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch arts w h ich id e n tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a cc o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a rio u s steps o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ran ge
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in a ch ievin g d e s ir e d
end p rodu cts.
A t th is l e v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equ ipm ent m ust be o r g a n iz e d to
prod u ce s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m ber o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s such action s as
d evelop m en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , e sta b lish m en t o f lin k a ge poin ts b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
su bstantial m an ipu lation and re seq u en cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n ction a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogram m ers

who a re

sy stem s

a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p hases o f s y stem a n a lysis.
P ro b le m s a re c o m p le x b eca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e req u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p rod u ction sch ed u lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tro l, co s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y it e m o f e a ch ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actio n s a re in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes reco m m en d a tio n s, i f n eed ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts who a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C las8_B. W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly
u n com p lica ted to a n a lyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b eca u se
s o u rc e s o f input data are hom ogeneous and the output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d ev e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
esta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v e n to ry accou nts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e rso n s c o n cern ed to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W ork s on a segm en t o f a c o m p lex data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s independently on routine assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu idan ce on c o m p le x
a ssig n m en ts. W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r alignm ent w ith the o v e r a ll system .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A ssign m en ts a re d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lication of p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l system s analyst by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d evelop ed by the h ig h e r le v e l an alyst.

a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p ro g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
produ ce data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p ro d u ced by
re fin in g , adapting, a rr a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r additions to o r d e letio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s re c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r
action s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequ encing o f data can be te s te d by using a few rou tine ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tine r e c o r d -k e e p in g typ e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s (as d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and co n cep ts u su ally le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d esign ed to d e v e lo p c o m p eten ce in the a p p lica tio n of
standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a sp ects o f assign m en ts;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s f o r s o lv in g th e m by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D ev e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s c on d ition s and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a ch ieve s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and docum ents to be used;
ou tlines action s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs p n n e l and c o m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m anagem ent and f o r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts );
c o o rd in a tes the d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re co m m en d s equ ipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s analysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not include e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .




F o r w age study p u rp o ses,

DRAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g d is tin c tiv e d esig n fe a tu re s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d esign
o r ig in a to r , and m ay reco m m en d m in o r d esign ch a n ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo rm , function, and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com pon en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e rv is o ry a s sista n ce. C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by d esig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n gin eerin g d e term in a tio n s. M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d ra fte rs .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ss ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lica tio n
o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ized d raw in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used. D u ties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs of s u b a ssem b lies w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es, m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l rela tio n sh ip s b etw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a
b u ild in g including d e ta il d ra w in gs of fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U s e s a cce p te d
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tren gth s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e rv is o r.
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m an u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp oses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th re e d im en sion s in a ccu rate s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com pon en ts
and c o n v e y needed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u rc e s and adju sts o r
tra n s p o s e s scale as re q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth o d s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re giv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ss ig n m e n ts
re c u r .
W o rk m ay be s p o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in gs
and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain tain in g, r e p a ir in g , o verh au lin g, tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f tech n ica l k n ow ledge of e le c tr o n ic s
to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in r e q u ir e d o p era tin g condition.

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e c o m p lex p ro b le m s (i.e ., those
that . ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships of c ir c u its ; and ju dgm en t in d eterm in in g w o rk sequ ence and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in stru m en ts, usu ally le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r many d iffe re n t kinds of c irc u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to, the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e .g ., r a d a r , ra d io , te le v is io n , telep h o n e, sonar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g equipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith accep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk assign m en ts. M ay p rovid e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n s ets; production a s s e m b le rs and te s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n ician s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p ro fe s s io n a l en g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r routine tasks in w orkin g
on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such task s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t rea d in gs; re p a irin g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s te r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te rre la tio n s h ip s of c ir c u its . T h is kn ow ledge,
h o w e v e r, m ay be a c q u ire d through assign m en ts d esign ed to in c r e a s e com p eten ce (inclu ding c la s s ro o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h er l e v e l tech n ician .

W o rk s on
c om b in a tion o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advanced a ssign m en ts a re in volved .

C la s s A . A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i.e .,
th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
re fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
E xa m p les o f such p ro b le m s include lo ca tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m alfu n ction s, and freq u en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u nderstanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such task s as m aking c ir c u it an a lyses, ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and re g u la r ly using c o m p lex test in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e ra to rs ).
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d by
co m p lia n c e w ith a cce p te d p r a c tic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an en gin eer o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p ro vid e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
tech n icia n s.

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s nu rsing .service under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l or in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rso n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an acciden t on the p re m is e s of a fa c to r y or
o th e r e s ta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g fir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g re c o r d s o f patients trea ted ;
p re p a rin g accid en t re p o rts fo r com pen sation o r oth er p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y sica l exam in ation s and
h ealth eva lu a tio n s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
edu cation , accid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n viro n m en t, o r o th er a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e rv is o rs o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

M A IN TE N A N C E AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich em p lo yed w ith heat, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, g a s, o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a ss is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; cleaning
w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by holdin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed task s as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p erm itted
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplying, liftin g ,
and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in o th ers he is p erm itted*-to p e rfo rm
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a lso p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to con stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir building
w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t such as b in s, c r ib s , co u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's h an dtools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard
shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s of w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a ry fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce c a rp e n te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any of a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heating units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , la y o u ts, o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l system o r equipm ent; w o rk in g
stan d ard com pu tation s r e la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m a in ta in s and m ay a ls o s u p e rv is e the op eration o f sta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y ed w ith p o w e r, h eat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p eratin g and m aintaining equipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in es, v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m aking equipm ent re p a ir s ; and keeping a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consu m ption.
M a y a lso s u p e rv is e th ese o p era tio n s.
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p era tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m ach in e to o l (e .g ., ji g b o r e r , grin din g
m a ch in e, en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m ach in e m e ta l fo r use in m aking o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l dies o r m old s used in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n m eta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Planning and p e rfo rm in g
d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich re q u ire c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a ccu ra cy ; setting
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es, stop s, w o rk in g t a b le s , and other
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , sp eed s, to o lin g , and
o p era tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s, b lu ep rin ts, o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents during m a ch in in g op eration to a ch ieve
re q u is ite d im en sion s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be re q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ire s
e x te n s iv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through con s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o ses, th is c la s s ific a tio n does not
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in to o l-a n d -d ie jo b b in g shops.

include m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s of m e ta l p arts o f m ech a n ica l
equ ipm en t o p e ra te d i n ‘ an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : in te rp re tin g w ritten
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out of w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p era tin g stan d ard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan d ard shop com pu tations re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m ech a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a ch in e-sh o p p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P ain ts and re d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lica tio n s;
p re p a rin g su rface fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
paint in g red ien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in ten an ce
p a in te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b iles, b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g au tom otive equ ipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en op d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otive m ech a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu de m e ch a n ics who re p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m ach in es and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b roken o r d e fe c tiv e parts w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock ; o rd e rin g
the produ ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s o r fo r the p rodu ction of p arts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r
o p eration . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
usually a c q u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E xclu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layout a re re q u ire d .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com pu tations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls ,
and cen te rs of g r a v ity ; align in g and balan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g stan dard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equipm ent such as
d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ired throu gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In sta lls o r re p a ir s w a te r, stea m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a cety len e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g pipe w ith stock s and
d ies; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin gs and
fa sten in g pipe to h a n gers; m aking standard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe re q u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d pipes m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m aintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en gaged in in sta llin g and rep a irin g building san itation o r heatin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g ood re p a ir-th e s h e e t-m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu re s (such
as m ach in e gu ards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila to r s , chu tes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an estab lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f sh eetm e ta l m aintenance w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a ch in es; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem b lin g; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as re q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m aintenance s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and re p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , g a u g es, o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in
shaping o r form in g m e ta l o r n o n -m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Planning and la yin g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th er
w ritte n o r o ra l s p e c ific a tio n s ; understanding the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p rop ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te task ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y
shop com putation; setting up and op eratin g v a rio u s m ach in e to o ls and re la te d equ ip m en t; using v a rio u s
to o l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l parts and fin ish ed to o ls and d ies to a c h ieve r e q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a ssem b lin g parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh fo r m a l
ap p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not in clu d e to o l and die
m a k e rs who (1) a re e m p lo y ed in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p rod u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e rs ).

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G u ard . P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using, arm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gu ard s who a re station ed at gate and ch eck on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e rso n s e n te r in g .

A w o rk e r e m p lo y ed in a w a reh o u se, m an u factu rin g p la n t, s to r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w hose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru ck s, o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , or p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p ro p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r, o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l en try .

M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p ro p e r ty again st f i r e , th eft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c to r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t house, or c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e a com bin ation of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r scru b b in g, and p olish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h , and oth er
re fu se; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro vid in g
su pplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in window w ashing a re exc lu d e d .




ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o rd e r s f o r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in a cc o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa les s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o rd e rs and in d icatin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d ition al stock o r re p o rt short supplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed products fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific op eration s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m ber of units to be
packed, the type o f co n ta in er em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g of ite m s
in shipping con tain ers and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te type and size o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to p reven t break age o r dam age; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a pplyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on con tain er. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake
w ooden b o x es o r c r a te s a re e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a ge

study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f esta b lis h m e n ts such as: M anufacturing p lan ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and c u s to m e r s '
hou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le s -ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a re e x clu d ed .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n of s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and inclu ding 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th er than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is resp o n sib le fo r in com in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u re s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g re c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills of la d in g , p ostin g w eigh t and shipping c h a rg e s , and k eep in g a file o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of shipm ents against b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and re je c tin g dam aged goods; routing m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm e n ts ; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y re c o rd s and file s .

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equ ipm en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p e ra te s a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r tr a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te r ia ls of a ll kinds about a v. a reh o u se, m an u factu rin g plan t, o r o th er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d by typ e of tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
As d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y of w a reh o u sin g duties w hich re q u ire an understanding o f
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g:
V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e rc h a n d is e ) again st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c re p a n c ie s and obviou s d am ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , sta ck in g, o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; r e a rra n g in g and taking in v e n to ry o f s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
exa m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d am age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y o p era te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p era tin g p o w e r tru ck s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r).

Available On Request—
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , Wash.
B r id g e p o r t, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape Cod, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iow a
C ham paign—Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a rle s to n , S.C.
C h a rlo tte —G aston ia, N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ilie —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y .
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m b u s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C ru c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p rin g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a ss.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g ersto w n , M d .— h a m b e rs b u rg , P a .—
H
C
M a rtin s b u rg , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n iston , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Islan d —H astin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington—A sh la n d , W. Va.— y .—
K
Ohio
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
Lared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , Ohio
L it t le R ock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k .

C o p ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w ill be a v a ila b le at no cost

w h ile

su p p lies la s t

fr o m

Logan sp ort—P e ru , Ind.
L ora in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a stern S h ore, Md.—Va.—D e l.
Lynchbu rg, Va.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n sfield , Ohio
M arqu ette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA llen —P h a rn -E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B en ito, T e x .
M ed ford — lam ath F a lls — ran ts P a s s , O re g .
K
G
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onmouth, and O cean C o s ., N.J.
M ob ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m ery , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avidson, Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C.
N ew London—N o rw ich , C o n n —R .I.
N orth Dakota, State of
O rlan do, F la .
Oxnard—Sim i V a lle y —Ventura, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sburg—M a rie tta , W. Va.—Ohio
P e o r ia , 111.
Ph oen ix, A r iz .
Pine B lu ff, A rk .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P ortsm ou th , N .H .—M aine—M ass.
P u eblo, C o lo .
Pu erto R ico
Reno, N ev.
Richland— en n ew ick —W alla W alla—
K
Pen dleton , W ash.—O reg.
R iv e r s id e —San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.
O
Salina, Kans.
Salinas— easid e—M o n te re y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherm an—D enison, T e x .
S h revep o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld — h icop ee—H olyok e, M a s s .—
C
Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a co m a , Wash.
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
T u lsa, O kla.
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld —Napa, C a lif.
Waco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a terlo o —C ed a r F a lls , Iow a
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D el.—N.J.—Md.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rch 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o vern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s o r bu lletin supplem ents is p re s e n te d b elow .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge stu dies including m o r e lim ite d stu dies conducted at the re q u e s t of the E m p loym en t
Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on requ est.
B u lletin s m a y be pu rch ased fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lletin supplem ents m a y be
ob tain ed w ithout co s t, w h e r e in d ica ted , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io, D ec. 1 9 7 5 —______________________—__________________________________________ 1850-80, 45 cents
Alban y—Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1__________________________________________ 1850-63, $1.20
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A llen to w n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A n a h eim —
Santa A n a -G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 _____—_____ __________________ 1850-75, 85 cents
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1975 1 ______________________________________ _____________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1975 1 _______________________ ________________________ ________________ _ 1850-83, 7 5 cents
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1850-62, $1.30
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A rth u r—O r ange, T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
______________________________________________________________ 1850-46, 65 cents
B illin g s , M on t., J u ly 1Q75
B in gh am ton , N .Y r - P a ., J u ly 1975 ____________ —__________________________________________ 1850-50, 65 cents
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975____________________________ ____________ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., Aug, 19751________________________________________________________________ 1850-58, $1.50
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1975 1__________________________________________________________________ 1850-69, 95 cents
C anton, O h io, M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a rle s to n , W . V a „ M a r . 1974 2 ________________________ ____ ____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 __ ____ _____________________________________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
C h attan ooga, Tenn.—G a .; Sept. 1975 1________ ____________________________________________ 1850-67, 85 cents
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975_____________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cents
C in cin n a ti, O h io -K y *—Ind., F e b . 1975 ___________________________________________________ .S u p p l.
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975________________________________________________________ - _______ 1850-64, $1.30
C olu m bu s, O h io, O ct. 1975 1
_____ _ __________________ ____________________ ____ ____________ 1850-7 8, 95 cents
_
C orpu s C h r is ti, T e x ., J u ly 1975____..;_________ ____________ _ _____________________________ 1850-37, 65 cents
D a li a s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O c t. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________ 1850-59, $1.50
F ree
D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Island—M o lin e , Iowa-111., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ Suppl.
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1975________________________________________ —_________________________ 1850-73, 45 cents
D ayton a B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975____________________ _________________ ___________________ 1850-47, 65 cents
D en ver—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1975_________________________ ___________________________ __ 1850-82, 75 cents
F ree
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2 ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
F o r t L a u d e r d a le -H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R a to n , F la ., A p r . 1975 1 ________________________ __________________________________ 1850-26, 80 cents
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1 975 1____________________ ___________ ____ ____________________________ 1850-61, $1.20
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975____________________________ ________________________ _________ 1850-57, $1.10
G re e n B a y, W is ., J u ly 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1850-44, 80 cents
G re e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m -H ig h P o in t, N .C ., A u g. 1975__________________________ ___ 1850-49, 65 cents
W
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975_______________________ ________________________ ________________ 1850-42, 65 cents
H a r tfo r d , Conn., M a r . 1975 1 _______________________ _____________ ______________________ __ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1975_______________________________________________ ___________________ Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 19.75 _______________________________ - —__________________________ Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O c t. 1975 1
_____________________________________________________________ 1850-66, 95 cents
J a ck son , M is s ., F e b . 1975_____ ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975____ _________________________________ ________________________ 1850-81, 45 cents
K a n s a s C ity , M o .— an s., Sept. 1975_________ __ _________________________________________ 1850-55, 80 cents
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 _____________________ _________________ Suppl.
H
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974 ____________________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif., O c t. 1974 ____________ __ __ _____ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________ 1850-79, 45 cents
Lu b b ock , T e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ ___ __________________________ ________Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 1975______________ __________________________ 1850-54, 65 cents
C
M e m p h is , Ten n ,—A rk *— is s ., N o v . 1974
M
__ _______________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F la . , O c t. 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ _____ 1850-76, 95 cents
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M idlan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 19751________________________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, Minn.—W is ., Jan 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon—M u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 _______________________ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
N a ssa u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1 9751___________________________________________ _________________________ 1850- 18, $1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .. Jan. 1974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven, C onn., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N a ssa u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rtsm o u th , V a * - N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ ___________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a .— .C ., M a y 1975__ ___________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1975____________________________________________________________ 1850-51, 65 cents
O m aha, N e b rr-Io w a , O ct. 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1850-56, $1.10
P a t e r son—C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1______________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a „— .J ., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________ _________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v . 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 1^75___________________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , June 1975 1____________________________________________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n —N ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1975 1
K
_________________ __________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P a w tu ck et, R .I*—M a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
D
F ree
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1975____________________________________________ -______________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 19742 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , Mo*—111., M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 19741 ____________________________________________________________ 1850- 19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 1975____________________________________________________________________ 1850-71, 35 cents
S alt L a k e C ity — gden, U tah, N o v . 1975 1 __ _______________________________________________ 1850-74, 75 cents
O
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________ ___ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1975____________________ ____________________ — ____________________ 1850-77, 45 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1 975 1______________________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1___ _______________ ———____ __ ______________________ __________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 __ _____________________________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1975 _______________ __________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 __________________ __ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W ash ., June 1974 2 ____________________________________________________ __________Suppl.
F ree
S yra c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975____ _______________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1975 1
M
_____________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 __________________________________________________________________ 1850-60, $1.20
U tic a - R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 1 ________ ____________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
W ash in gton , D . C ^ M d ^ V a . , M a r . 19751___________________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 19742 _______ ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N. Y . , M ay 1975 1_______________________________ _____ _____ _________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r. 1975_____________ ______________ _____________ _____ ____________________Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 19751 ______________________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
You n gs to w n -W a rre n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ____________________ __________________ ___________ Suppl.
F ree

T H IR D CLASS M A IL
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFICES
Region I

Region II

Region I II

1603 J F K Federal Building
G o vernm ent C enter
Boston, Mass. 0 2 203
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a Code 6 1 7 )

S u ite 34 0 0
l'5 1 5 Broadw ayN e w ,V o r k , N .V . 100 36
Phone: 971 -54 0 5 (A rea C<)de 2 1 2 )

C o n n ecticu t
M aine
Massachusetts
N e w Ham pshire
Rh ode Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u erto Rico
V irg in Islands

Regiqrj V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 5. D e arb o rn St.
.C h icag o , III. 606 04
T h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A rea Code 3 1 2 )
Illino is
In diana
M ichigan
M innesota

O hio
Wisconsin



{

'
„

Region V I

Region IV

P.O. Box 13 309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A rea Code 2 1 5 )
D elaw are
D istrict o f C o lum bia
M aryla n d
Pennsylvania
V irg in ia
West V irg in ia

Regions V I I ano V I I I

Second F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iffin Square B uilding
Dallas, T ex . 7 5 202
Phone: 7 49-351 6 (A rea Code 2 1 4 )

Federal O ffic e Building
91 1 W alnut St., 15 th F loor
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C ode 81 6 )

Louisiana
Jew M exico
O klah o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

V III
C o lorad o
M o n tan a
N o rth Dakota
South D a ko ta
U tah
W yom ing

S u ite 54 0
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A rea Code 404 )
A labam a
F lo rid a
Georgia
K e n tu c k y
Mississippi
N o rth Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
45 0 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 3 6 0 1 7
San Francisco, C alif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A rea Code 41 5)
IX
A rizo n a
C a lifo rn ia
H aw aii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington

U.S. M A I L