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/ £.3 :
Area ' * >0~ ^ Albany—Schenectady—Troy,
Wage
New York, Metropolitan Area
Survey
September 1977
Bulletin 1950-52




Preface
T h i s b u l l e ti n p r o v i d e s
r e s u l t s o f a S e p t e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fits in the A l b a n y —
S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N e w Y o r k , Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
The
s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a
wage survey program .
It w a s c o n d u cted b y the B ureau ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , u n de r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f An th o n y J. F e r r a r a ,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
T h e s u r v e y could not
h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w it h o u t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e
w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n
in this b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
c oo peratio n rec e iv e d .




M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a ti o n is in the p u b lic d o m a i n and m a y be r e ­
p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P l e a s e c r e d i t the
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s and c i t e the n a m e and n u m b e r o f this pub lication .

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the A l b a n y a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s
f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s of
t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u re a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r
fo r ad d resses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Albany—Schenectady—T roy,
New York, Metropolitan Area
September 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

January 1978
Bulletin 1950-52

2

Intr oduction
T ables:
A.

E a r n in g s , a l l es tab lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
A-2.
A-3.

A-4.

A-5.

A-6.

A -l.

Ap p end ix A ,
Ap p end ix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




W e e k l y e arn in g s o f p r o f e s ­
sional and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ------A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chn ical w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------H o u r l y e arn in g s of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------H o u r l y e arn in g s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custo dial

5

6

7

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e arn in g s o f
m ainte n ance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow e rp la n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and cu s tod ia l w o r k e r s ,
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly earnings, adjuste d f o r
e m p l o y m e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
l e c t e d occupational g r o u p s -----------

11

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------- 13
Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 17

Introduction
This drfeh is 1 of 74 in which thejJJ.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau
of Labor Statistics eonducts surveys of occupational earnings and related
benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational
earnings data (A -series tables) are collected annually. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B -series tables) is
obtained every third year. This report has no B -series tables.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including
wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.




A -series tables
Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A-8 through A - 13 provide similar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or more.
Table A - 7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings
of office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled
maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers
employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to
warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage
trends after elinimation of changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A.
Appendixes
Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area
wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey.
Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field econo­
mists to classify workers by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

95
and
under

100

100

Occupation and industry division

105

105 I 110

120

130

1»0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240
-

110

120

130

140

150

160

260 280
-

-

300
-

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

260 300

320
and

320 over

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----

1,234
520

$
$
S
$
39.5 220.00 221.50 214.50-229.00
39.0 219.00 221.50 198.50-242.00

38
29

37
26

26
9

57
34

52
42

272
31

407
134

45
35

164
75

49
37

20
20

12
10

SECRETARIES, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURINS ----

106
43

39.0 243.50 242.50 242.50-242.50
38.0 243.00 242.50 235.00-259.00

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

“

8
8

-

“

5
5

79
20

6
2

3
3

3
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS BZ
NONMANUFACTURING ----

99

39.0 254.50 248.50 229.00-276.50

1

32

5

18

29

12

1

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ----

581
259

39.5 219.00 214.50 214.50-221.50
39.5 221.00 221.50 210.50-230.50

10
8

5
3

7
4

27
21

34
29

265
28

147
100

27
24

41
31

9
4

3
3

6
4

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ----

198
82
116

39.0 184.00 176.00 158.50-202.00
39.5 193.00 188.00 166.50-213.00
39.0 177.50 171.00 146.00-196.50

4
3
i

18
12
6

3
1
2

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

2

“

603
371
44

39.0 188.00 201.00 162.00-208.50
38.5 182.00 189.50 154.50-208.50
38.0 231.00 248.50 225.50-264.00

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

22
22
18

-

-

“

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —

200
44
156
38

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

-

_

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ----

403
215

39.0 195.00 208.50 189.50-208.50
38.5 189.50 198.50 177.00-208.50

-

-

TYPISTS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ----

465
176
289

38.5 157.50 157.00 121.00-204.50
39.5 182.00 204.50 159.00-208.50
38.0 143.00 126.00 115.00-159.00

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----NONMANUFACTURINS ----

176
64

39.5 196.50 204.50 203.50-208.50
38.5 186.50 201.00 158.00-209.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ----

289
64
225

38.0 134.00 123.00 115.00-157.00
38.5 146.00 146.00 121.00-163.00
38.0 130.50 121.50 110.50-150.50

FILE CLERKS ------------MANUFACTURING ------NONMAUfUFACTURING----

204
29
175

38.0 129.50 118.00 111.50-137.50
39.5 179.00 185.50 170.00-193.50
38.0 121.50 115.00 110.00-128.00

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING ----

72
56

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ---M E S S E N G E R S -------------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ----

STENOGRAPHERS ---------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING

-------

PUBLIC UTILITIES —

173.00
179.00
171.50
245.50

163.50
187.50
157.00
248.50

-

_

2

ii
i
10

20
2
18

16
13
3

27
7
20

31
8
23

17
12
5

18
13
5

16
4
12

4
3
1

5
3
2

36
36
-

27
24
3

23
18

47
27
3

38
29
2

22
12
1

39
34
~

50
43

263
91
1

12
11

3
3
3

27

23
3
20

19
5
14

22
10
12

18
2
16
2

1

4
2
2

29
20
9
1

3

-

18

13

1
1

15
2
13
"

_

27

“

3
3

-

18
18

13
13

-

-

-

-

9
9

4
4

4
4

25
15

20
13

21
11

24
21

46
41

234
82

12
11

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

39

9

21
12
9

58
14
44

26
13
13

11
4
7

2
1
1

122
104
18

9
1
8

1

_

_

_

9

21
9
12

8

39

65
9
56
5
5

3
3

5
1

13
11

60
9
51

18
9
9

16
8
8

45
12
33

26
i
25

21
1
20

12
i
11

4
2
2

2

132.00-204.50
157.00-204.50
130.00-204.50
248.50-264.00

-

-

39

9

-

39

9

15

10

17

15

10

17

38.0 139.50 130.50 118.00-156.00
37.5 128.00 125.50 118.00-130.50

-

2
2

_

-

15
14

14
14

3
3

2
1

120
113

38.0 117.50 114.00 106.00-120.00
38.0 114.50 113.00 105.50-115.50

15
15

8
8

17
17

11
11

7
6

9
8

2
1

120
31
89

38.5 171.00 180.00 122.00-225.50
39.5 166.00 185.50 152.50-185.50
38.0 172.50 160.50 117.00-225.50

2
2

-

15
5
10

6

8
2
6

1
1

6

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
i

3

-

6

-

6

-

-

8

-

_

”

4
4

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

1

1

-

-

-

12

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings^™
(tnad
sadr)
Occupation and industry division

Number

weekly
workers (hours1 ) Mean2
sadr
tnad

Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
%
$
*
%
*
s
S
$
$
190 200
95 100 105 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
and
-•
under
$

%

210

S
220

230

240

260

280

S
$
300 320

320 over

$

*

$

$

and

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240. 260

280

300

”

-

~

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SUITCHBOARO OPERATORS -------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------

53
31

$
$
$
$
38.0 158.50 163.00 144.00-183.00
38.0 141.50 145.00 103.50-170.00

1
1

8
8

3
3

1
"

-

7
6

4
4

7
1

8
5

2
i

2
1

9
“

-

-

1
1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSHANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

90
50
40

39.0 147.50 136.00 121.00-180.00
39.5 154.00 140.50 124.50-180.00
38.0 140.00 130.00 116.00-172.50

8
8

-

-

13
8
5

9
7
2

23
10
13

10
9
i

_
-

1
1

3
3

9
4
5

6
3
3

1
1
“

-

2
2
“

~

2
2

2
2
~

1
1
~

~
“

“

ORDER CLERKS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

151
60

40.0 172.50 179.50 124.00-207.00
40.0 186.50 193.50 163.50-200.00

“

24
“

-

_

~

16
“

3

i
i

18
13

8
3

8
8

10
5

2
2

34
23

"

14
3

2
2

11

_

“

"

“

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

617
191
426

39.0 182.00 170.50 144.00-218.50
39.5 182.50 176.00 150.00-208.50
39.0 182.00 169.50 142.00-225.50

3
3

i
1

4
4

35
3
32

38
1
37

41
22
19

53
14
39

73
25
48

57
26
31

19
9
10

72
20
52

22
10
12

37
27
10

8
5
3

52
4
48

5
5
-

48
6
42

20
8
12

22
4
18

5
2
3

2
2

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

228
93
135

39.0 207.00 199.50 160.00-249.50
39.5 198.50 193.00 160.00-208.50
39.0 212.50 203.00 159.50-249.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

16
2
14

31
5
26

27
22
5

8
6
2

15
9
6

16
5
11

29
22
7

3
3
-

2
2
-

1
1
"

46
5
41

ii
7
4

17
3
14

3
1
2

2
2

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

389
98
291

39.0 168.00 158.00 135.00-185.00
39.0 167.00 154.50 138.00-184.00
39.0 168.00 161.00 129.00-190.00

3
3

1
1

4
4

35
3
32

38
1
37

40
22
18

37
12
25

42
20
22

30
4
26

11
3
8

57
ii
46

6
5
1

8
5
3

5
2
3

50
2
48

4
4
-

2
1
1

9
1
8

5
1
4

2
1
1

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

45
27

39.0 162.00 166.00 124.00-187.50
39.0 149.00 124.00 117.50-218.00

~

“

6
6

3
3

8
8

“

2
.
2

_
~

5
”

-

10

3

_

8
8

_
~

_
“

_

_
“

_
“

-

_
"

-

-

-

10

3

22
23
6
3
20 . 16
2

17
8
9
“

8
7
i

24
3
21
1

116
85
31
1

7
3
4
-

37
2
35
27

2
1
1
-

3
2
1
1

29
29
29

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
1

2
-

29
29

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------

31

39.5 147.00 124.00 117.50-187.50

-

-

6

3

8

-

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

452
157
295
61

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

_
-

_
-

3
3

25
25

30
30

22
3
19

84
34
50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

261
144

39.5 190.50 204.50 147.00-204.50
39.5 189.00 194.00 140.00-207.50

_

_

_

1
1

10
10

2
2

65
43

4
4

9
6

6
3

2
-

10
9

111
30

6
4

2
2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

191
40
151

39.0 163.00 153.00 130.00-194.00
39.5 169.50 169.00 144.00-185.00
39.0 161.50 150.00 123.00-195.00

24
24

20
20

20
3
17

19
12
7

19
3
16

13
3
10

11
5
6

6
5
i

14
2
12

5
4
1

1
1

35
2
33

179.00
186.50
175.00
246.50

181.00
204.50
160.50
225.50

140.00-204.50
155.50-204.50
137.50-204.50
225.50-274.50

-

-

-

3
3

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

1

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Albany—Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977
Weekl y earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average

120

Occupation and industry division

and
under
130

(standard)

ALl
COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

A

CLASS

B

PROGRAMMERS

39.5 219.50 229.00 190.0039.0 206.50 2 0 1 . 0 0 188.00-

-------------------------------

11 o

63

190

150

------------------------------------------------------

398
169

CLASS

CLASS

B

-------------------------------

268.00-283.00

-------------------------------

B1

NONMANUFACTURING
CLASS

CLASS

A1

NONMANUFACTURING

235.00-259.00

-------------------------------

C

NONMANUFACTURING

39.0 236.00 227.50 227.5038.5 297.00 265.50 227.50-

-------------------------------------------------------------

TEC H N IC IA NS
INDUSTRIAL

MANU FACTU RING

170

180

190

15

90.0 255.00 259.00 235.00-268.00
39.5 251.50 259.50 227.50-268.00

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

FLECTKONICS

160

20

39.5 217.00 229.00 199.50-235.00
39.0 2 1 2 . 0 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 188.00-235.00

REGISTERED

200

210

220

----------------------

NURSES

------------

-------------------------------------

265.50
265.50

10 9

258.50-396.00

38

90.0 258.50 258.50 299.00-258.50
90.0 258.50 258.50 256.50-258.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




230

290

250

260

270

200

210

220

230

5

37

1

290

250

260

270

280

280

300

320

390

-

293.00
235.00

----------

DRAFTERS.

190

305.00
305.00

-------------------------------

DRAFTERS.

180

390.00
398.50

39.0 271.00 288.00 259.5038.5 260.00 262.00 187.50-

---------------------------------------------------------------

o p e r a t o r s

DRAFTERS.

170

(BU SIN ESS ).

--------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS

39.5 320.50 317.50 301.5090. 0 326.50 321.50 301.50-

-------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

160

(BU SIN ESS ).

--------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
c o m p u t e r

150

39.0 289.50 298.50 258.50-318.50
90.0 312.00 309.50 296.00339.50
38.5 267.50 278.50 225.00305.00

-----

-------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

M AN U FACTU RIN G
COMPUTER

(BU SIN ESS)

-------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

mo

UORkEkS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

COMPUTER

130

-

-

-

300

3<t0

390

360
and

360 over

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977
Av erage
( me an2 )

OF F I C E

Weekl y
hours1
standard)

Weekl y
earnings1
(standard)

O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

3 9.0

$
1 5 4 .0 0

2d

3 9.5

1 6 4 .0 0

48

3 8.5

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING

:
---------------

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS .

CLASS A

60

4 0 .0

2 0 9 .0 0

44

4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0

3B

TYPISTS -

CONTINUED

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS - CONTINUED

TY PI ST S. C L A S S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

286

3 6.0

1 3 4 .0 0

64

3 6.5

1 4 6 .0 0

224

3 8 .0

1 3 0 .5 0

F I L E C L E R K S ----------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

197

3 6 .0

1 2 7 .0 0

173

3 8.0

1 2 0 .5 0

69

3 6.0

1 3 7 .5 0

56

3 7 .5

1 2 8 .0 0

FI LE CL ER KS , C L A S S C --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
S E C R E T A R I E S --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

1 .2 3 1

3 9.5

2 2 0 .0 0

S 19

3 9 .0

2 1 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

106

3 9 .0

2 4 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B:
N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

Weekly
hours4
(standard)

K E Y P U N C h O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

$
1 6 3 .0 0

190

3 9 .0

40

3 9.5

1 6 9 .5 0

150

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

66

3 9 .0

2 8 9 .5 0

29

4 0 .0

3 1 1 .5 0

37

3 6 .5

2 7 2 .0 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

2 3 5 .5 0

o

clerks

Number
of
workers

1 4 6 .0 0

76

■P
O

accounting

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S
W O ME N— CONTINUED

FI LE CL ER KS . C L A S S B --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

ORD E R C L E R K S --------------------

Average
( m e a n 2)

Av erage
(me an2)
Number
of
workers

63

9d

3d • 0

2 4 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

2 5 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

581

3 9.5
3 9.5

2 2 1 .0 0

SECRETARIFS, CLASS D —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N K A N U F A C T U R I m G -----

196

3 9 .0

1 8 3 .5 0

80

3 9.5
3 9 .0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0

113

3 8 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

53

3 3 .0

1 5 6 .5 0

31

3 8.0

1 4 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

90

3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

OR DE R CL E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

50

3 9.5

1 5 4 .0 0

40

3 8 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

91

4 0.0

1 4 6 .3 0

36

4 0.0

1 8 5 .5 0

513

3 9 .0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0

116

3 8 .0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B U S I N E S S ) .
C L AS S A ------------------------------

26

3 9 .5

3 1 9 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

125

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0

53

3 9 .5

1 9 5 .0 0

C O H P U T E K OP ER A T O R S . C L A S S B -----N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

68

3 9 .5

2 1 2 .0 0

33

3 9.5

1 9 7 .5 0

:
NONHANUFACTURING

drafters

-------------------

98

4 0 .0

2 4 8 .5 0

DR A F T E R S . C L A S S A:
N O N M A N u F A C T O R I « G -------------------

36

4 0.0

2 6b •0 J

, class b:
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

45

4 0 .0

2 4 c . 00

C L A S S C -------------------

43

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0

T E C H N I C I A N S -------------

99

4 0 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

44

3 6.5

2 7 7 .0 0

31

3d. 0

2 6 2 .0 0

26

3 8.5

2 5 3 .5 0

53

3 9 .0

2 2 3 .0 0

4b

3 9 .0

2 2 4 .0 0

100

3 9 .0

2 5 4 .5 0
2 5 / • 5U

2 1 9 .0 0

259

120

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S IN ES S) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

■P

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

603

3 9 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

371

3 8.5

44

3 8.0

2 3 1 .0 0

200

39. U

1 7 3 .0 0

46

39 . 5

1 7 2 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 8 0 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

183

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .0 0

70

3 9.5

1 9 0 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

330
77

3 9.0

1 5 6 .5 0

253

3 8 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

B O O K K E E P I w G - M A C H I w E O P E R A T O R S -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

45

3 9 .0

1 6 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 4 9 .0 0

drafters

1 8 2 . OU

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E NE RA L
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

147
36o

40. U
3 8.5

1 7 1 .5 0

38

3 6 .5

2 4 5 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , SE NI OR
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

403

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .0 0

215

3 8 .5

1 8 9 .5 0

T Y PI ST S -------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

464

3 8.5

1 5 7 .5 0

176

3 9.5

1 8 2 .0 0

286

3 6 .0

1 4 3 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8.5

2 0 9 .0 0

DRAFTERS.

1 6 5 .0 0

ELECTRONICS

1 7 9 .0 0

156

113

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLAS S B -----------------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

2

1

31

3 9.5

1 4 7 .0 0

427

3 9.5

156

40. J

1 8 6 .5 0

3 9 .0

C O M P U T E R P R O G k A M ME RS ( B U S I N E S S ) --N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CL AS S B ------------------------------

1 7 4 .5 0

271

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - W O ME N

1 6 7 .0 0

COMPUTER

O P E R A T O R S --------------------

C O M P U T E R OP ER A T O R S .
T Y PI ST S. C L A S S A -----N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

176

3 9.5

1 9 6 .5 0

64

3 8.5

1 8 6 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R AT OR S. C L A S S A -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

237

3 9.5

1 8 3 .0 0

121

3 9.5

1 7 4 .5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------REGISTERED

See footnotes at end of tables




C L A S S B ------

I N D U ST RI AL

N U R S E S -------

31

c
o

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------- -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

Table A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., September 1977
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

and
under
4 .2 0

£
_

£

£

£

£

£

£

£

£

*

i

*

i

i

*

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

_

4 .4 0

i

£
_

4 .6 0

4 . BO

_

_

5 .0 0

_

5 .2 0

_

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

_
5 . BO

_
6 ,0 0

_

6 .2 0

_

6 .4 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

$

o

Middle range 2

o

Median2

<0

Mean 2

00

o
f

£

4 .0 0

Number

Occupation and industry division

o

*

1 -------- " £------$
8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0

_

and

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

1 .00

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

over

20
8

44

5
4

2

1
1

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

165
145

13

1

34

16

10

33

16

10

6
-

15

i

3
~

-

3

1

2
2

i

2

2

i

2

2

2

41

6

2

38

6

15
15

37
37

-

-

-

“

~

~

14

21
1
20
20

89
-

21
-

4

89
63

21
21

ALL WORKERS
$
6 .8 8
6 .8 8

$
6 .3 3 6 .0 0 -

$
6 .8 8
6 .8 8

_

6 .5 9
7 .0 0

6 .8 8

6 .8 8 -

7 .4 6

-

6 .9 7
7 .2 4

6 .8 8

6 .8 8 -

7 .1 9

-

33

6 .8 8

6 .8 8 -

7 .4 6

MAI NTENANCE CARP ENTERS -----------MANUFA CTU RIN G -------------------

103
85

MAI NTENANCE EL EC TRI CIA NS ---------MAN UFA CTURING ------------------NON MAN UFACTURING ----------------

332
299

$
6 .6 1

_

_

_

-

"

1
1

-

_

9
9

3
3

4
4

5
3

4
4

-

1
i

-

-

_

_

8

-

31

15

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

31

i
-

15

-

84

6 .4 6

6 . 19
6 .1 9

6 .1 9 -

6 .9 2

-

-

6 .4 9

6 .1 9 -

7 .0 4

~

“

MAI NTENANCE MACH INISTS -----------MANUFAC TUR ING -------------------

367

6 .8 3

6 .8 8

6 .6 4 -

6 .8 8

-

-

-

350

6 .8 3

6 .8 8

6 .6 7 -

6 .8 8

18

MAI NTENANCE MEC HANICS (MACHINERY)
MAN UFA CTURING -------------------

155

6 .5 8

6 . 19

5 .4 1 -

7 .7 1

-

-

_

_

10

18

155

6 .5 8

6 .1 9

5 .4 1 -

7 .7 1

“

~

10

18

267
62

7 .5 6
6 .2 4

8 .0 0

205

6 .7 5 5 .4 7 7 .4 0 -

8 .5 3
6 .7 5
8 .5 3

153

7 .9 6
8 . 15

5 .7 5
8 .5 1
8 .5 1

7 .4 0 -

MAINTENANCE PIPE FIT TER S ----------MANUFAC TUR ING -------------------

235
194

7 .0 8

6 .9 0
6 .9 0

6 .8 8 6 .9 0 -

7 .3 9
7 .5 7

-

7 .1 3

MAINTENA NCE SHE ET-METAL WORKERS —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

46

6 .9 0

6 .8 8 -

7 .0 0

32

6 .9 4

6 .8 8
6 .8 8

6 .8 8 -

MILLWRI GHT S ------------------------MAN UFA CTURING -------------------

168

7 .2 3
7 .2 9

6 .9 6
7 .5 3

MACHINE -TO OL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFAC TUR ING -------------------

124

6 .3 7
6 .3 7

MAINTENA NCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------MANUFAC TUR ING ------------------NON HANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILI TIE S -------------

151

124

1

4

i

4

12

-

12

_

_

_

-

-

1
1
-

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

7 .6 8

“

-

6 .6 4 6 .8 8 -

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

-

-

-

6 .8 8
6 .8 8

6 .0 3 6 .0 3 -

6 .8 8
6 .8 8

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

18

_

_

-

-

_
-

~

9
9
6
6

70

6 .6 1

6 .3 9

6 .3 1 -

6 .8 8

50

6 .4 2

6 .6 7

6 .1 3 -

BOILER TENDER S --------------------MAN UFA CTU RIN G -------------------

74
57

5 .8 6

5 .7 7

5 .4 3 -

6 .5 0

1

5 .8 1

5 .4 3

5 .4 3 -

6 .5 0

1

9

i

18

13

9

i

18

_

24

6

24

5
-

29
24

5

5

_

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

14
14

11
11

3
3

1

1
1

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

7

40

6

-

4

3

11

“

3

3

11

32
22

173
169

40
1

15

13

1
29

_

6

1

29

8
8
-

1
1

7
2
5

-

-

15

1

3

_

2

3

1
1

-

6 .8 6

“

-

~

-

2

-

“

-

3
3

”

STAT ION ARY ENG INEERS -------------MAN UFA CTU RIN G -------------------




-

6

6
6

8 .5 3

MAINTENANCE PA INT ERS -------------MAN UFA CTURING -------------------

-

42

2

i

75

_

“

2

_

-

-

_

3
3

14
14

“

-

_

-

-

3

“

3

12

18

12

18

18
9

-

-

-

_
~
24
24
9
9
_

2

_

2

~

4

3
3
-

4

11
11
~

3
3

_

17

-

17

_

-

4

13

_

i

-

2
2

7

5

1

7

5

1

23
3
20
20

3
3

_
~
-

_
23
1
22
22

3
11
5

_

-

15

6
-

3
3

1

-

1

“
23
23

2
2
2

_

_

-

1

15

12

19

-

-

1

15

12

19

-

-

13

24
14

3

-

_

1

-

-

3

-

5
5

17

34
34

3
3

25
25

7
7

38
38

8
8

15
15

9
9

65
65

2
2

”

-

132
91

3
_

~
_

“
_

_

-

_

-

1

13

3

-

11
11

'
_

20

-

13

5

8

“

13

5

7
7

1

-

-

8

9

_

_

-

_

-

8

9

1

7

2

2

_

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977
Numb e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

i

Number
of

2 .3 0
Mean *

Median2

Middle range 2

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0 5 .4 0

I

£

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

$

5 .8 0

6 .2 0 6 .6 0

1 ,418
164

$
7 .1 0
5 .8 6

$
7 .1 8

$
6 .1 1 -

$
8 .5 3

_

_

_

5 .6 8

5 .4 2 -

6 .6 8

-

-

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

1 ,2 54

7 .2 6

7 .4 3

6 .1 1 -

8 .5 3

-

-

601

8 .2 5

8 .5 3

8 .5 3 -

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 ,6 0

7 .0 0

8 .5 3

46

5 .0 3

4 .3 8

4 .2 1 -

6 .7 6

293

6 .4 3

6 .0 0 -

6 .9 0

-

271

6 .5 1

6 .0 0
6 .0 0

6 .0 0 -

8 .5 3

“

446
419
214

7 .6 7
7 .7 4
8 .0 1

7 .4 3
8 . 32
8 .5 3

7 .2 5 7 .4 3 7 .4 3 -

------------------------

33

6 .6 5

6 .5 0

5 .9 9 -

7 .6 3

--------------------------

72
40

5 .8 7
5 .6 9

5 .8 1
5 .3 0

5 .0 4 4 .4 2 -

7 .1 2
7 .5 9

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

68

5 .4 7

5 .8 5

4 .3 2 -

6 .0 2

31
37

5 .0 2
5 .8 6

4 .3 2
5 .8 5

4 .3 1 5 .4 2 -

5 .9 2
6 .8 2

SH IPPING

87

5 .0 3
5 .0 6

4 .8 1
5 . 19

4 .1 4 4 .1 4 -

5 .6 6
5 .6 6

-

-

5 .9 2 4 .1 5 5 .9 2 -

6 .3 6
6 .5 8
6 .3 6

-

_

5 .9 2
6 .5 0

64

-

24

8

16

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
-

9
-

11
-

12

10
8

TRUCKDRIVERS.

LIG H T

TRUCKORIVERSt

M E D IU M

NONMANUFACTURING

TRUCK

~

TR U C K

------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y TR UC K
( T R A I L E R ) -------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------TRUCKDRIVERS,
THAN

HEAVY

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

ANO

------------------------

83

5 .7 6
5 .4 8

6 . 10
5 .9 9

------------------

487
72
415

5 .8 1

6 . 10

------------------------------

4 39

4 . 11
5 .4 2

2 .5 0 4 .1 1 -

------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
FILLERS

CLERKS

--------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

ORDER

_

_

_

41

_

5
-

1

1
-

1
-

41
26

13
12

22
-

54
44

405
22

79
10

57
18

5

5

1

1

15

1

22

10

383

69

39

19
22

1 21
12
109

-

6

1

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

33

-

105

-

1

-

-

-

13

-

-

544
-

22
-

544

22

-

440

22

-

-

-

3

8

19

6

155

3

15

-

-

-

70

~

i

19

“

155

1

11

"

~

"

70

8 .3 5

2

38
38

6
6

41

109

_

2

12
4

25

8 .5 3
8 .5 3

22

109

-

-

-

6
-

6

-

-

-

6

~

“

-

6

3
3

3

1

3

1

1
1

25

191
191

22

87

22
22

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

105

14
_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

3

“
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

35

14

35

14

-

_

32

72

8

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

3
3

11
8

5
3

19
4

_

_

10

-

-

-

11
11

16
16

3
-

2

22

4

9
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

8
14

1
-

_

2

7
4

1

9

-

-

-

-

6
2

6

9

18

_

_

_

_

6

9

18

-

14

4
4

7
2
5

32
-

221

32

30
9

6

-

6

“

6

“

26
26

-

-

7
7

13
13

6
6

~

“

”

_

-

1

57

-

-

-

8

12
11

“

_

1

-

16

-

_

3
-

-

PACKERS

-----------------------------------------------

161
107

4 .1 5
4 .8 5

4 .5 2
5 .0 6

2 .6 5 4 .5 2 -

5 .0 6
5 .0 6

----

442

5 .6 1

5 .6 5

5 .0 2 -

6 .5 8

_

------------------------

285

5 .4 5
5 .9 1

5 .2 7

5 .0 2 -

6 .5 0

-

6 .8 7

5 .2 6 -

6 .9 4

-

8

9

11

8
4

2

-

-

-

"

-

-

5 .9 7

5 .3 4 -

6 .2 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

_

-

31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

31

HANDLING

MANUFACTURING

LABORERS

NONMANUFACTURING

-

55
1

-

4
4

20
20
-

-

-

8

_

-

8

-

14
14

------------------

157
351
204

5 .8 7
5 .6 4

5 . 34

5 .2 4 -

6 .4 7

------------------

147

6 .2 0

6 .0 5

6 .0 0 -

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
T H A N F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

38

5 .6 7

5 .8 6

5 .3 4 -

5 .9 2

38

5 .6 7

5 .8 6

5 .3 4 -

5 .9 2

769

3 .3 0

2 .4 3

2 .3 3 -

4 .2 8

-

3

22
8

8

5 .7 0

45
-

7

5 .5 2 -

60
-

5

5 .5 2

63
-

10

5 .4 3

323
-

13

161

-

-

2

608

2 .7 4

2 .3 5

2 .3 3 -

2 .6 0

323

63

60

45

13

16

14

10

5

5

------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

WA TCH MEN

MANUFACTURING

------------------

------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

-

-

_

_

7
214

2
-

-

-

12
-

-

i i

2

-

-

12

"

37
24

13
9

39
39

_

70

_

_

_

_

-

"

“

-

-

6

7
7

-

i
1

_

23
20

90
90

59
-

3

22
22

-

-

99
90
9

16
26

13

87

13

13

76

3

9

3

8

19

6
4

4

21

3

12

3

2

1

9

42

-

-

9
9

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

i
-

25

_
-

-

59

-

“

i

25

117

8

21

31

28

-

_

_

10

20

2

21

1

28

-

-

-

3

97

6

“

30

~

-

“

24

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

24

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

132

16

6

4

_

_

_

16

5
5

_

93
39

-

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

9

5

1

-

59
56

_

_

i i
-

3
3

~

1
1

14

123
33
90

10
10

6 .1 6

MANUFACTURING

1
3

i
1

11

*

--------------------

OPERATORS

AN O

£
8 .6 0

8 .2 0

-

MANUFACTURING

G UAR DS

7 .8 0

-

136

FO RKLIFT

7 .4 0

32

-

------------------------

M ANU FACTU RING

M ATERIAL

£
8 .2 0

-

4 .3 3
5 .2 2

S H IPPING

£

TRUC K

----------------

RECEIV IN G

MANUFACTURING
WAREHOUSEMEN

I

7 .4 0 7 .8 0

TR A ILER ):

MANUFACTURING
SH IPPING

5
7 .0 0

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

(OTHER

i

and
2 .4 0

ALL

£

2 . AO

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977— Continued




9




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
in Albany—Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., September 1977
Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

HA I NTEhnNCE t TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HLN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

103
85

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMAn UF ACI u R I N G -------------------------------

332

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Average
Num
ber (mean2)
of
hourly
w
orkers earnings*

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

$

6 .6 1
6 .5 9

TRUCKCRIVENS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAI LER ):
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

33

$
6 .6 3

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

299
33

71
39

5 .8 7
5 .6 8

7 .0 0
6 .9 7
7 .2 4

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -----------------------HANUFACTOKING -------------------------------------

367
350

6 .8 3
6 .8 3

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------HANUFACTu R I n G ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

64
31
33

5 .5 9
5 .0 2
6. 12

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

155
155

6 .5 8
6 .5 8

SHIPPING Aleu RECEIVING C L E R K S -------

MANUFACTURING -------------------

87
83

5 .0 3
5 . 06

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

267
62
205
153

7 .3 6
6 .2 4
7 .9 6
8 .1 5

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------- >
-------------n o n i .a n u f a c T u r i n g -----------------

487
72
415

5 . 7o
5 .4 8
5 .6 1

235
194

7 .0 6
7 . 13

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

326
134

4 .8 9
5 .2 2

MAINTENANCE PIPE FITT ER S ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

SHIPPING PACKEnS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

143
92

4 . 16
5 .0 0

MATERIAL HANDLING l a b o r e r s ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T c k I k G -----------------

425
266
157

5 .6 0
5 .4 2
5 .9 1

FORKLIFT OPERA]CRS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------n o n . A u u f a c T u r i n g ----------------i

348

5 .8 8
5 . o5

6 .9 0
6.9 4

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

168
151

7 .2 3
7 .2 9

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

124
124

6 .3 7
6 .3 7

70
50

6 .6 1
6 .4 2

74
57

5 .6 6
5 .3 1

stationary

engineers

MANUFACTURING -----BOILER TENDERS ---------manufacturing

---

201
147

6.20

POWER-TRUCK OPERATOk S (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

37
37

5 .6 8
5 .8 8

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NOn MAn UFACTu RING ----------------

7 26
153
575

3 .3 1
5 .4 3
2 .7 5

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

guards:

MANUFACTURING
JANITORS. POKTEk S. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NOURANUFl CTOKINC ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

TRUCKORIVERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NCNT.ANUFACTURING ----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -------------

1.405
164
1.241
588

7 .1 1
5 .8 6
7 .2 7
3 .2 8

TKUCKOk IVEKS. m e d i u m t ru ck
NONK An UF AC TUR I N b -----------------

293
271

6 .4 3
6.5 1

446
419
214

7.6 7
7 .7 4

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------

8.01

JANITORS.

5 .5 1
4 .2 7
4 .8 5
3 . o3
5 .8 0

41

3 . 15

641

3 .8 2

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ------------------------------HONriANUF A C T U R I n G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------

135
941
494
447
75

See footnotes at end of tables.

10

PORTERS, ANU CLEANERS -----

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Albany—Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.,
for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

M a r c h 1974 to
S e p te m b e r 1974
6 -m o n th
A n n u a l r a te
in c r e a s e
o f in c r e a s e

M a r c h 1972 M a r c h 1973
to
to
M a r c h 1973 M a r c h 1974

S e p te m b e r 1974 S e p te m b e r 197 5 S e p te m b e r 1976
to
to
to
S e p te m b e r 1975 S e p te m b e r 1976 S e p te m b e r 1977

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
____
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

6.3

7.3

4.2

8.6

8.6

10.4

5.8

(6 )
5.4
6.4
8.5

(6)
7.3
6.1
8.1

(6 )
4.8
4.7
5.3

(6 )
9.8
9.6
10.9

(6 )
9.3
7.7
9.8

(6 )
9.1
11.7
9.7

(6 )
6.5
7.1
7.7

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g
In d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

(‘ )
( 6)
5.7
5.9
8.2

(‘ )
(6 )
7.0
6.0
8.9

(? )
(6)
4.4
4.8
4.0

(*)

(6)
9.0
9.8
8.2

(6 )
10.2
7.7
10.9

(‘ )
(6)
9.2
12.2
10.8

(* )
( 6)
7.2
7.0
6.7

6.3

7.0

4.2

8.6

9.4

8.6

5.0

(‘ )
(6)
8.8

(‘ >
( 6)
7.3

(‘ )
( 6)
8.4

(? )

(? )
(6 )
7.6

(?)

(?)

(b )

(6 )
8.3

( 6)
9.0

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

c>

17.5

Footnotes
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p ay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by
the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r
m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r l e s s than th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a te s o f p ay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a
fo u rth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than th e h ig h e r ra te .




3 E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w as p r o v i d e d b y the
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s t im a t e s f o r p e r io d s en d in g p r io r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly fo r s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s t im a t e s r e la t e to m e n and w o m en .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

11




Appendix A.
Scope and M ethod
of Survey
Data on area wages and related benefits are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field representatives at 3-year intervals. In each of the
intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings is
collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and tele­
phone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 74 1 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from
representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufac­
turing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each
of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling
procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the
scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees.
From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each
establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater .proportion of large than small estab­
lishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is
weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates
are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected,
it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate
of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classi­
fication if data are not available from the original sample member. If no
suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample
member that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
* Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A l a . ; Norfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
Syracuse, N . Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request o f the Employment Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the
scope of the survey, are not presented in the A -se rie s tables because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data
to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not
presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent
or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all
industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is
not shown or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are
rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of
workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual
establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include pro­
gression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are
collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job
descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments
and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
perfo rmed.

Electronic data processing

Skilled maintenance

Computer systems
analysts, classes
A, B, and C
Computer programmers,
classes A, B, and C
Computer operators,
classes A, B, and C

Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Industrial nurses

Unskilled plant

Registered industrial
nurses

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

Wage trends for selected occupational groups

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follows:
1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in
the survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

The percent increases presented in table A-7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the
trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect
an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans
providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased
hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the average without a change in wage rates.

2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its pro­
portionate employment in the occupational group in the
base year.

The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown, (it is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year by
the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed
as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Order clerks
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping -machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Keypunch operators,
classes A and B

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these
wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor
Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes A and B
File clerks, classes A,
B, and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators

3. These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to
obtain a group average.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions (B -se rie s tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Infor­
mation for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabu­
lations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables)
in previous bulletins for this area.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Albany—Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.,1September 1977
In d u stry d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
em p lo ym en t
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scope
o f study

ALL DIVISIONS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES 5 -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ----------------------------RETAIL TRApE 6 --------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE 6 ------SERVICES6 7----------------------------- -------

W ith in scope o f study 4
W ith in scope
o f study J

Studied

Studied
N u m b er

P ercen t

67 8

126

112*227

100

7 6 ,3 5 8

~

166
312

44
82

5 2 ,6 6 7
5 9 ,5 8 0

67
53

3 9 ,9 8 6
3 6 ,3 7 2

50
50
50
50
50

37
49
103
67
76

13
10
23
11
25

1 1 ,2 6 6
5 ,8 8 0
2 1 ,9 0 5
8 ,7 1 1
1 1 ,8 1 8

10
5
20
8

9 ,5 6 7
2 ,6 8 6
1 2 ,3 0 3
3 ,8 8 1
6 ,1 3 7

50

1 Th e A lb an y^-Schenectady—T r o y Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as
d efin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and Budget through F e b r u a r y 1974, co n s is ts
o f A lb a n y , M o n tg o m e ry , R e n s s e la e r , S a ra to g a , and Sch en ectady C ou n ties.
Th e
"w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le provid% a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and com p os it ion* o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the
s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a riso n w ith o th e r e m p lo y ­
m ent in d exes to m e a s u re em p loym en t tre n d s o r l e v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age
s u rv e y s re q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in ad van ce o f the p a y r o ll
p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e exclu ded fr o m the scop e o f
the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used
in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n . H o w e v e r , a ll g o vern m en t o p e r a ­
tion s a r e exclu d ed fr o m the sco p e o f the s u rv e y .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r ab ove the m in im u m
lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f com p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1
esta b lish m en t.




W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

N u m ber o f esta b lish m en ts

ii

4 Inclu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t (w ith in
the a re a ) at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n a r e exclu d ed .
T h e m a jo r lo c a l and
surburban tr a n s it s y s te m is g o vern m en t a lly ow ned and o p e ra te d and is exclu ded
by d e fin itio n fr o m the scop e o f th e study.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n ­
m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo ym en t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e
enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in it ia lly to
p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it
s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al
esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ;
a u tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip
o rg a n iza tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in eerin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

15




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bu­
reau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appro­
priate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establish­
ment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational
wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this empha­
sis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those
in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; begin­
ners; and part-time, temporary, and probationary w orkers. Handicapped
workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also
excluded. Trainees are excluded from the survey except for those re ­
ceiving on-the-job training in some of the lower level professional and
technical occupations.

Office
SECRETARY

SECRET AR Y— C ontinue d

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the
supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed
supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial duties,
usually including most of the following:

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of office routine
and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to
the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions

a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail,
answers routine inquiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper
persons;
b. Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;
c. Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as
instructed;

Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above char­
acteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are
as follows:
a. Positions which do not meet the "personal" secretary concept
described above;
b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;

d. Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;
e. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic
accuracy;
f. Perform s stenographic and typing work.



c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of profes­
sional, technical, or managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially
more routine or substantially more complex and responsible that those char­
acterized in the definition;

SEC R E TA R Y— C ontinued

Exclusions— Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

Class C

e.
Assistant-type positions which involve more difficult or more
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
for class B, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several
dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are
often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a
NOTE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions
wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; o£
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or
president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
persons.
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly
Class D
supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
(e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); o£
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

2. Secretary to a non supervisory s t a f f specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician, or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer
than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a,major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all,
over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over
either a major corporationwide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research,
operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational
segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that
employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and impjrtant organizational
segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment
often involving as many as several hundred persons) or a company that
employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.



Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a steno­
graphic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary
duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files,
keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.
Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical dr specialized vocabulary such
as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and
maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the
following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
a thorough working-knowledge of general business and office procedure; and
of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling
material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
routine questions, etc.

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TYPIST

MESSENGER

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer.

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating proc­
esses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one ojr more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in
spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.
FILE CLERK
Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing
system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May
perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards materials; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.




SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief
or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope r ato r -R ec eptioni st.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items to
make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May
check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl-.
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see that they
have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
ACCOUNTING CLERK
Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office prac­
tices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording
of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker
typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge
of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions:

ACCOUNTING CLERK--- Continued

M A C H I N E B I L L E R ----C o n t i n u e d

Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.

Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.

Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting cler­
ical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where
identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive r e c o r d s or
accounting documents; and c o d i n g documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

PAYR O LL CLERK

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers' accounts (not
including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time, rate,
deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a
calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or
numeric data on tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a variety of source docu­
ments. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May
train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or instructions, works from various stan­
dardized source documents which have been coded, and follows specified
procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no
selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.

MACHINE BILLER
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b iller. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers'
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.




Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calcu­
lator, collator, interpreter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from
this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded are operators of
electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate electric
accounting machine equipment.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A. Performs complete reporting and tabulating assignments
including devising difficult control panel wiring under general supervision.
Assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature
and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is

TAB ULA TING- MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences
of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.

the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by
class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams.
May train new employees in basic machine operations.

Class B . Performs work according to established procedures and
under specific instructions. Assignments typically involve complete but rou­
tine and recurring reports or parts of larger and more complex reports.
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as

Class C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating
or electrical accounting machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing
punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically involve portions of a work unit,
for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive operations.
May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable programmers to prepare
required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equip­
ment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers
performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as
systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with per­
sons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.

Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analy­
ses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the manage­
ment or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or sys­
tems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of system analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production sched­
uling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which
every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system
of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems
and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised
systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed,
for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining
equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts
who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example,



OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system,
as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and
receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed
for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper
alignment with the overall system.

21

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a
systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required
to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from
charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the precise instructions which,
when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following:
Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by
computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and
diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program
steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be
processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow;
tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase
operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both
systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts
if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C ontinu ed

COM PUTER O PERATO R

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the manage­
ment or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or pro­
grammers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems.

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to
process data according to operating instructions, usually prepared by a pro­
grammer. Work includes most of the following: Studies instructions to
determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into
circuit, and starts and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to
correct operating problems and meet special conditions; reviews errors made
during operation and determines cause or refers problem to supervisor or
programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in
correcting program.

For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming
concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify
the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the
computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment
must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from
numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number
of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program require­
ments exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and
resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are
assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close
direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher
level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned,
and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are
designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to
routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required
procedures.



For wage study purposes, computer

operators are classified as

follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
New programs are frequently tested and introduced; scheduling requirements
are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs are of
complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available.
May give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
Most of the programs are established production runs, typically run on a
regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short time. In
common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This
usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using
standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A. May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.
expected
ability to
received
operator

Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
detect problems involved in running routine programs. Usually has
some formal training in computer operation. May assist higher level
on complex programs.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts.
Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering deter­
minations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower
level drafters.

D R A F T E R — C on tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

Class B . Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings foe construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, wall sections, floor plans, anfe roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in m a k i n g necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.

This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.

Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by refer­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on elec­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under standing of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q-m eters, deviation meters, pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
Work is closely supervised during progress.

Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems ^i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.



Class C . Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instruc­
tions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes).
Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to
increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can
advance to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review
when new or advanced assignments are involved.

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE— Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or

other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct arid maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general,
the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experi­
ence usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common
metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this
work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general,
the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

M AINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the instal­
lation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution,
or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equip­
ment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission
equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifi­
cations; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equip­
ment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring
or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and
measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or
consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.



Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experi­
ence. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor Vehicles)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive equip­
ment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing
repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken
or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and
installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjust­
ments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor Vehicles)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER— Continued

This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers'
vehicles in automobile repair shops.

the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some
trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and
tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed
by workers on a full-time basis.

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.
MAINTENANCE SH EET -M E T AL WORKER
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifi­
cations; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)
Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

MILLWRIGHT

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out
work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equip­
ment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives
and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to p re ­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and p e r­
forming other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work



For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinu ed

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a ir conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.

Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.
BOILER TENDER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER

WAREHOUSEMAN

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport mate­
rials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, whole­
sale and retail establishments, or between r e t a i l establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with
or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good
working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded.

As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
t a k i n g inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and
reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the basis
of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light truck (under IV2 tons)
medium truck (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy truck (trailer) (over 4 tons)
heavy truck (other than trailer) (over 4 tons)

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping changes, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the
merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing
others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading,
invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged
goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and main­
taining necessary, records and files.
For

wage

study purposes,

Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk



workers

are

classified

as

Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving
work (see Shipping and Receiving Clerk and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order F iller), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).

follows:

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.
SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon
the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing con­
tainer; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

M A T E R IA L H AN D LIN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W ATC H M AN

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d utie s in v o l v e one o r m o r e o f __the__f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and un lo ad in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o t h e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un packing, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L o n g s h o re
w o r k e r s , wh o lo a d and unload ships, a r e e x c lu d ed.

Guajrd.
P e r f o r m s rout in e p o l i c e duties, e i t h e r at fix e d pos t o r on
tour, m a in t a in in g o r d e r , us in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a r d s who a r e sta tio ned at g a t e and c h e c k _on i d en ti ty o f e m p l o y e es and
othe r jpe r sons e n t e r i n g .
W atchm an.
M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , theft, and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p erio d ica lly

in

protecting

P O W E R -TR U C K O PER ATO R
JA N ITO R ,
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr uc k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t go o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g plant, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

tr u c k,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe o f p o w e r -

F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




27

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c on d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
washroom s,
o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h ouse, o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r other establishm ent.
Du ties in v o l v e a c o m b in a t io n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chip s, t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; dus ting e qu ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s : p r o v i d i n g su p pli e s and m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w a s h i n g a re e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following areas are sur­
veyed periodically for use in admin­
istering the Service Contract Act
of 1965. Survey results are pub­
lished in releases which are availa­
ble, at no cost, while supplies last
from any of the BLS regional offices
shown on the back cover.
Alaska (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and
Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle C r e e k ,

Mich.

Beaumont—
Port ArthurOrange, Tex.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and
Pascagoula, Miss.
Bremerton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and
Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 1 1
1.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, T enn.—
Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Miss.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 1 1
1.
Des Moines, Iowa
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex., and Alamogordo—
Las
Cruces, N. Mex.
Eugene—
Springfield and Medford—
Klamath Falls—
Grants Pass—
Roseburg, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.




Fort Riley—
Junction City, Kans.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Frederick—
Hagerstown—
Chambersburg, Md.—
Pa.
Gadsden and Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Guam, Territory of
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
La Crosse, Wis.
Laredo, Tex.
Lawton, Okla.
Lexington—
Fayette, Ky.
Lima, Ohio
Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Maine (statewide)
McAllen—
Pharr—
Edinburg and
Brownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean Cos., N.J.
Mobile and Pensacola, Ala.—
Fla.
Montana (statewide)
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New Hampshire (statewide)
New London—
Norwich, Conn,—
R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Northern New York
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Phoenix, Ariz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Seaside—
Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.

Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwestern Virginia
Springfield, 1 1
1.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke,
Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif*
Vermont (statewide)
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Waco and Killeen—
Temple, Tex.
Waterloo—
Cedar Falls, Iowa
West Texas Plains
West Virginia (statewide)
Wilmington, Del.— J.—
N.
Md.
Yakima, Richland—
Kennewick, and
Walla Walla—
Pendleton,
Wash.—
Oreg.

ALSO AVAILABLE—
An annual report on salaries for
accountants, auditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts , direc­
tors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
drafters, an d clerical employees
is available. Order as BLS Bulle­
tin 1931, National Survey of P ro ­
fessional, Administrative, Technical
and Clerical Pay, March 1976, $1.35
a copy, from any of the BLS re ­
gional sales offices shown on the
back cover, or from the Superin­
tendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing Office, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s show n on the b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M ak e c h eck s p a y a b le to S u p erin ten d en t o f
D oc u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y . , Sept. 1977 _________________
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a lif. , O ct. 1976_________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d . , A u g. 1977______________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1 9 7 7 * _____________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1977 _______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _________________________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1977 1 ________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .— a ., Sept. 1977
G
________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1_________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., J u ly 1977 1 _______________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1 976_____________________________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1976______________________________________
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x . , July 1977 1 ______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1976___________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Io w a —111., F e b . 1977 1 _____
R
M
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1976 __________ ______________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F la . , A u g . 1 9 7 7 *_______________________________
D e n v e r — o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 197 6 _____________________________
B
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif. , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1___________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
H
N .C ., A u g . 1977 1
........... .......................................... .........................
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r ta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1977 _____________________
S
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A u g . 1977 1 ______________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F eb . 1977 1____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1976_____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1__________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 _______________________
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , O ct. 1976__________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1976_________________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1976 1 ____________________
A




B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cen ts
1950-52, 80 cents
1900-67,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1900-70,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1 900-62,
1 900-68,
1 950-35,
1900-63,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

75 cen ts
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
85 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
75 cen ts
$1.1 0
70 cents
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
95 c en ts
75 c en ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 c en ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 cents
$ 1 .2 0
70 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
70 cen ts

1950-42,
1950-33,
1 950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,
1900-75,

$ 1 .1 0
70 cen ts
80 cen ts
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 0
75 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$1.0 5
85 c en ts
55 c en ts
85 cen ts

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *

A rea
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 197 6 ____________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1977_________
N a s sa u — u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1977 __________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 ___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N .Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977_________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1977 _________________ __________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N e w s — am p ton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1977______
H
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1977 1____________________
O k lah o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1977 1______________________
O m aha, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1976___________________________
Io
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N . J . , June 1977 ___________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 1_____________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1977________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1976 1 _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1977 1_____________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 __________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976 _.
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—
M a s s ., June 1977 1 ________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 ______________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1977 ___________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 197 6 ___________________________
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1976 1______________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —O gden, Utah, N o v . 1976________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1___________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 197 6 _____________________________
San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d , C a lif. , M a r . 1977 ___________
O
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1977 ______________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1977 1______________________
South B en d , In d ., A u g . 1977 1____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1976________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h . , M a y 1977__________________________
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1977_________________________________
U tic a — o m e , N .Y . , July 1977 1 __________________________
R
W a sh in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 ________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 ___________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1977 ______________________________________

_

1900- 6 6

,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

7 5 cen ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.60
$ 1.00
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$ 1.20

1950-20, 70 cen ts

___

___

. .

1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1900-61,
1950-34,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cen ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.10
55 cents
70 cen ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.50
85 cents
$ 1.20
70 cen ts
55 cen ts

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1950-51,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$ 1.20
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
55 cen ts
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .10
55 cen ts
80 cen ts
70 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
$1 .1 0
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are d e t e r m i n e d by the G o v e r n m e n t Printing Office a n d are subject to change.
D a t a o n establishment practices a n d s u pp le me nt ar y w a g e provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region Iff

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone:596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Wyoming