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A Statistical

Analysis

of

N O N - FAMILY




ON

RELIEF

In St. Louis
1925 to 1936

St* Louis Bureau for Men
St, Louis, Missouri

M EN

A Statistical

Analysis

of

N O N - FAMILY




ON

RE.LI E F

In St. Louis
1925 to 1936

.St. Louis Bureau for Men
St. Louis, Missouri

ME N

Issued by
St. Louis Bureau for Men
(Formerly Bureau for Homeless Men)
204 a North Eighteenth St
St. Louis, Missouri




September 1937

FOREWORD
For tho past twolvo years the St. Louis Bureau for
Men has boon tho covering private agency in tho field
of non-family men and boys in St. Louis* During that
period it has collectod a largo body of statistical information, information which horotoforo has boon filed
in numerous places*
This pamphlot is boing issuod for tho purpose of
collecting all such information into ono easily accessiblo volumo for handy roforoncc by any person or organization intcrostod. It covers tho twelve year period
from 1925 to 1936 inclusivo, showing tho sizo of tho
problem boforo the depression, tho speed with which
roliof rolls accumulated, and tho slovmoss with which
thoy receded. Covering as it does tho entiro period
of tho depression, it should have some value as reference material - a value which -Bill increase with the
years *
While tho statistics aro local in coverage, thoy
hold many implications for similar agencies in othor
citios;, ospocsially those of comparable size* No
attompt has boon made to point those implications - wo
have moroly given tho figures and paintod tho background
so that each porson may draw his own conclusions*




Provious Publications of tho
St. Louis Bureau for Men
1,

Caso Work With Homoloss Men and'Boys
A pamphlet by Isaac Gurman, A«st. Socy. of tho
Bureau, written I r ..#to acquaint tho student
social v/orkor and those actually practicing
social case work with the problem of tho homeless man and boy" 45 pp

2« Intor-Gity Records Speak
A report of tho study of i n t o r - c i t y inquirios
received by tho St. Louis Roliof Administration
during tho month of October, 1935, i n tho c l o s ing days of tho Fodoral Transient Program
58 pp
3 . Street Begging; in S t . Loui3
An h i s t o r i c a l summary of anti-bogging work in
St. Louis and a report of a Pact-Finding Survey
of Street Bogging mado during Novombor and
December, 1936
50 pp
4» Non-Family Boys on Roliof
A study of non-fanily boys, aged 16 to 21,
inclusive, on reliof in St» Louis prior to
August 31, 1933
36 pp

(Any of these pamphlets will bo sent freo
upon request while tho supply lasts.)'




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title
An Historical Summary
Table I - N o . Men Receiving relief
Table II - Analysis of Intake
Table III - Ho. Different Men
Chart I - No. Different Men Helped Each
Year - Under Care Cases Only
Chart II - No. Different Men Helped Each
Year - Under Care & Minor Cases
Chart III - No. New lien Added Each Year
Chart IV - Average Tenure of Under Care Cases
Table IV - Average Relief Per Case
Table V - Race
A. Percentage of Negroes in New Intake
B» Percentage of Negroes in Total
Active Cases
Table VI - Ago
A. Porcentago in Various Ago Groups in
New Intake
B. Percontago of Active Cases 60 Yrs,
Old and Ovor
C« Number and Porcontago in Various
Ago Groups in October, 1933
D» Number and Porcontago in Various
Ago Groups in August, 1934
Tablo VII - Typos of Roliof
A.
Hoals or Food
B.
Rooms or Lodging
Chart V - Percentage Distribution by Census
Districts of Non-Family Men on
Roliof




Page
1
6
13
19
20
21
22
23
24
27
30
32
33
36
37
38
39
41

1.
AN HISTORICAL SURVEY
An historical
ciated agencies is
behind the various
especially as they
agency changes.

summary of the Bureau and its assonecessary to paint the background
changes and fluctuations of figures,
were caused by organization and

Prior to 1925, unattached men, both transient and
resident,were cared for by a special department of the
St. Louis Provident Association, a private agency covering the field of general relief and case work service
to families. Relief giving to unattached men consisted
largely of work tickets to a woodyard and similar projects. All such relief was on a day-to-day basis. In
1912, a Municipal Lodging House was opened, largely as
a rosult of the offorts of city officials and a few
other interested citizens. This lodge was operatod
annually from October or November to April or May, dopending on the weathor. It originally had a capacity
of 200 mon. This was gradually increased until it reached a maximum of 1,375 in 1933. Norther of those projects offored any case work sorvico to their clients.
Tho Bureau for Homeless Mon began its oxistonce in
1925, February 15th to bo exact. For the first year it
functioned as a dopartraont of tho Community Council,
under a spocial allotment from tho Community Fund, while
a study was boing made of methods of caro for unattached
mon and of tho feasibility of establishing a soparato
agency as a pormanont part of tho St. Louis caso work
sot-up. It was tho boliof of tho foundors that caso
work with homeless mon would M pay M »
Tho purpose, as statod in one of tho early reports
was to "centralize reliof for those mon in ono place in
the city of St. Louis and to caro for thoir individual
needs according to tho typo of service best adaptod to
the individual." So satisfying wore the results that




2.
tho Bureau was established in 1926 as a soparato agoncy
known as tho Buroau for Homoless Men. In 1928 it was
incorporated undor that name.
In tho fall of 1930 tho incroaso in roliof loads
had exhaustod tho availablo privato agoncy funds and a
special campaign was put on. In the spring of 1931 tho
Mayor appointed tho CitizOns1 Committee on Roliof and
Employment to arrange machinory for mooting tho roliof
omorgency and coordinato the work of oxisting agoncios.
City funds(horotoforo thoro had boon no public outdoor
relief in St. Louis) wore allottod through this committoo to various privato agencies on a reimbursement
basis; tho Buroau was chosen as tho Committoo's roprosentativo to handle all work with unattachod mon and boys.
Following is a chronological account of various
organizational changes made in tho last five yoars:
December. 1930 - A Branch Offico was oponod. Prior
to this time tho only offices of tho Buroau wore in tho
Municipal Lodging House and tho Branch Offico was sot
up to caro for those mon who, it was boliovod, would not
ask for relief because of offico surroundings.
February. 1932 - Because of a shortago of privato
rolief funds, intake in all of tho Citizons1 Committee
agoncies was cut off and caso loads woro arbitrarily roducod by elimination of all employable persons. This
crisis poriod lasted approximately two wooks,
Fobruary. 1932 - Ozanara Shelter for Mon was oponod
by tho St. Vincent do Paul Society in tho old Mullanphy
Hospital building. All mon accoptod wore roforrod by
tho Buroau and caso figuros woro countod as part of the
Bureau total. This sholtor first oporatod on a special
fund of the St. Vincent do Paul Society. This fund was
soon exhausted and all oxpondituros woro thon roimibursod by the Buroau. A branch offico of the Buroau was




3.
maintained at tho Shorter.
Juno9 1932 - A financial crisis similar to that
of Fobruary was roachod and tho samo steps wore taken.
October, 1932 - All officos of the Buroau were combined and moved to a now location, separate from the
Municipal Lodging Houso. A centralizod intake offico
was established, case loads wore divided into Mass Treatment, Sholtcr Caro, and Caso Work loads, and various
changos nadc in accounting and statistical procedures.
November, 1932 - A Cafeteria foeding approxiaatcly
2,000 mon por meal was opened, thus partially eliminating tho former oxponsivo and "attractive" systom of
meal tickets on commorcial restaurants. Most of tho
mon oating at tho Cafeteria woro lodging in rooming
houses in tho central portion of the city.
Fobruary, 1933 - A Work Program requiring ovory man
to v7ork for relief rocoivod was inaugurated. „ Ken received a crodit of $3 toward past roliof and 25/ in cash
for every day workod. Mon v/ith no mailing addressos or
who rocoivod incidental service rcliof only, workod in
advance at tho rate of 40^ an hour.
April, 1933 - The Municipal Lodging Houso was
takon ovor by tho Bureau on April 1. All men thon staying in tho Lodging Houso woro absorbed as part of tho
undor caro case load and all subsoquont applications for
caro were routod through tho Intake Department of tho
Buroau. Spocial caso workers woro assigned to tho Lodging Houso, which had had no previous caso work service,,
to attempt to reduce the load.
April, 1933 - A Boys' Lodge with a capacity of 40
was opened to care for white, transient boys on a short
time basis.




4.
August, 1933 - Municipal Lodging House was closed
and building vacated preparatory to wrecking. For the
next four months no shelter care other than Ozanam
Shelter was available in the city,
September, 1933 - In line with the Federal Emergency Relief Administration policy that all federal
funds must be administered through public agencies, the
St. Louis Relief Administration was formed to take over
the public portion of the work of the Citizens' Committee on Relief and Employment. The case load of the
Bureau was divided into public and private agency loads
and all physical facilitios were taken over by the public
agency, which became "Unit F" and later the "Men's Unit"
of the St. Louis Relief Administration. Offices of the
Bureau and Unit F were maintained in the same building
under the supervision of the same executive and the work
was closely coordinated.
December, 1933 - Chestnut Lodge, successor to tho
Municipal Lodging House, was opened with a capacity roduced from 1,375 to 750.
December, 1933 - The Civil V/orks Program (CWA) was
inaugurated at this timo. This stimulated intake because of the dosiro to "got on roliof" and so become
oligiblo for work,
Soptombor, 1934 - A camp for rosidont boys was
opened approximately 40 miles from tho city. It had a
capacity of 45. The boys worked 30 hours a wook on
various projects and received full maintenance and 5C/
a wook spending money. An oducational and training
program was also operated with the intention of kooping
tho boys throe to four months in. camp and then placing
thorn on a job in tho city. Camp was closed in October,
1935, because of lack of sufficient boys to koop it
filled to capacity.




L93K - The Buroau and the Men's Unit of
tho Relief Administration woro separatod and tho Men's
Unit was combinod with tho local offico of tho Stato
Transiont Dopartmont. This combination was lator taken
over by the St. Louis Rolief Administration.
Novombor« 1935 - Application and Intake Sorvico in
tho Men's Unit was combinod with tho Application Sorvico
of tho Family Division of tho Roliof Administration.
Decomborj 1935 - Tho Y/.P.A. program was opened and
during t h i s and tho following month absorbed approximately 2,400 of tho non-family mon,
Fobruary. 1936 " Fodoral and Stato funds wore no
longor availablo for roliof and tho S t . Louis Roliof
Administration was forced to oporato on city funds only.
During t h i s and tho following months a l l omployablo mon
woro removed from rolief r o l l s and drastic intake
policies placed into effoct.




6.
TABLE I
THE NUMBER OF MEN RECEIVIN5 RELIEF
Definitions "Total Active Cases" - Tho total number of casos
upon which sorvico or roliof of ono kind or
anothor was given during tho month.
"Under Caro Cases" - Casos for which tho agency
accoptod full responsibility for sorvico and
roliof»
"Minor Sorvico Cases" - Thoso casos accoptod for
short timo or incidontal sorvico only.
Total
Active
Casos

Date
1925

Jan
Fob

Mar
Apr
May
June
July
Aug
Sopt
Oct
Nov
Doc




#
414
553
357
214
190
223
237
#
304
333
354

Undor
Caro
Cases

Minor
Sorvice
Cases

a

a

a
a
a
a
a
a

a
a
a

a

a
a

a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a
a
a

L926

Dtvto
Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
June
July

Aug
Sop

Oct
Nov
Doc
L927

Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc
L928

Jon

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc




Total
Activo
Caaos

391
347
368
264
217
208
205
160
190

224
415
377
343
314
387
391
295

226
184
257
238
327
384
383
391
405
381

310
293

255
197
233
258
337
309

343

Under
Cnro
Cases
u

Minor
Sorvico
Casos
a.

a

a
a
a
a

a

a
a

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
n
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a
a
-

a
a
a
a
a
a

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

a

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

8.

Undor
Carp
Cases

Minor
Service
Casos

449

282

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

1929

Total
Active
Cases
446
375
313
248
?08
161
211
214
360
494
486

293
267
250
210
173
126
158
145
238
315
345

167
153
108
63
38
35
35
53
69
122
179
141

Jan

589

Dato
Jan
Fob
Mir

Apr
May

Juno
July

1930

Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Doc

1931 Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov

Dec




394
384
372
299
322
243
215
291
447
478
782

"""~

" 355
258
271
278
239
257
203
181
236
314
335
479

1,338
1,512
1,682
1,496
1,547

~"98T
1,172
1,336
1,245
1,247

973
805
857

864
711
782
923

1,015
1,713
1,754
2,933

1,571
1,628
2,650

""

234""

136
113
94
60
65
40
34
55
133
143

303(b)

'

"35T~
340
346
251
300
109
94

75
92
142
126
283

1932

Date
Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc
1933

Jan

Fob
Mir

Apr
Ifay
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct

Nov
Doc
1934

Jan

Fob
Ifer
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc




Total
Active
Casos
3,573
3,342
4,551
4,702
5,138
4,741
4,951
6,853
7,310
7,124
7,301
7,475
6,832
6,413
6,938
7,745
7,378
7,711
6,854
6,240
5,607
6,159
6,887
8,357
6,544
6,401
7,173
7,194
7,134
6,451
6,943
7,263
7,467
7,383
7,308
7,520

Undor
Caro
Casos
2,917
2*098
3,985
4,270
4,772
4,567
4,577
6,210
6,797
6,880
6,749
6,743
. _....g.^_...
5,945
6,053
6,648
6,269
5,773
5,117
4,790
4,378
4,594
5,234
6*271
"4,912
5,168
5,608
5,530
5,331
5,180
5,425
5,350
5,225
5,248
5,311
5,683

Minor
Sorvico
Casos

656
434
566

Id)

(o)

432
366
174
374
643
513
255
552

(o)

(t)
(g)

732
""386
468
885

<b)

1,097

(i)

1,109

1,938
1,737
1,450
1,229
1,565
1,653
21086
1,632
1,233
1,565
1,664
1,703
1,271
1,518
1,913
2,242
2,135
1,997
1,837

(j)

(J)
(j)
(J)
(k)

(1)

10.

1935

Date
Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

19'36

Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

Total
Active
Cases
#
#

T

§

Undor
Caro.
Casos
5,618
5,532
5,414
5,038
4,963
4,428
4,382
4,446

Minor
Sorvico
Casos
ff
#
ff
ff
ff

ff
ff

#

#
if

w
#
#
#
#I
t

i

i

ft

i

ff

4,534
4,346
4,039
2,414
2,533
2,567
2,224
1,818
1,977
1,818
1,453
1,484
1,631
1.750
1,933

ff

I

(n)

#
S

Co)

ff
J
#
#
ff

Explanatory Notes §
Figures not available for thoso months.
(a)
No differentiation botwoon under care and
minor cases v/as niado u n t i l 1929. Aft or
t h i s date the Russoll Sago System of r o porting was adopted and i t s definitions
folloitrod.
(b)
Prior to December, 1930, tho only offices of
the Bureau wcro in tho Municipal Lodging
House. In t h i s month, howovor, a Branch
Office was openod to caro for thoso men




11,

(c)

(d)

(0)

(f)
(g)

(h)

(1)

i t was believed, would not ask for relief because of the surroundings. N contralizod ino
take systora was ostablishod.
The Citizens' Comraittoe on Roliof and Einploymont
was formod to coordinate existing- agoncios and
to oxpond public funds thru these agencios in
order to care for the unprocodonted roliof loada
Tho Buroau was appointed tho official agency to
euro for non~family mon.
Ozanan S holt or, op or at od by tho St.Vincent do Paul
Socioty with a l l oxpondituros roimbursod by tho
Buroaujwas oponod. All mon woro roforrod from
tho Buroau and a l l case figuros wcro countod as
a part of tho Bureau t o t a l .
A financial crisis was roachod in tho affairs of
tho Citizens' Committee. All intake was stopped
and case loads drastically reduced by cutting
off roliof to a l l oraployablo men. In both poriods additional funds wore received after a
lapse of about two wooks.
All of fie os of tho Buroau wore combined in or.o
building and a contralizod intako department
ostablishod.
A Cafotoria f fcoding approximately 2,000mon per
moal, was oponod thus partially eliminating tho
oxponsivo and "attractivo" system of moal
tickots on connorcial rostaurants.
A Work Program, roquiring ovory man to work in r o turn for roliof roccivod, v/as inauguratod. M n
o
roccived a credit of $3 toward past relief and
25/ in cash for ovory day worked*
Tho Municipal Lodging Houso v/as taken ovor by tho
Bureau on April 1. All mon thon staying in tho
Lodgo wore absorbed as .part of tho under caro
case load, and a l l sub3oquont applications for
caro woro routed through tho Intako Dopt. of tho
Buroau. This also incroasod tho nurabor of minor
sorvice cases, as a l l "one night mon11 woro of
t h i s typo.




12.
(j) The Municipal Lodge was closed and the building
vacated preparatory to wrecking. For these
four months no lodging house other than Ozanam
Shelter was open
(k) The Chestnut Street Lodge, replacing the old MMuny",
was opened. The Civil Works Program (CWA) was
also inaugurated in this month. This latter
stimulated intake because of a desire to "get
on relief" and so become eligible for work.
(l) i A careful study of applications in this month
showed that the extremo heat and consequent cessation of odd jobs caused the unusual increase
in the relief rolls.
(m) The Men's Unit of the Relief Administration and the
Transient Bureau were combined for administrative purposes.
(n) The Intake Department of the Men's Unit was absorbed by the Application Department of the
Relief Administration.
(o) During this and the previous month, approximately
2,400 unattachod men woro absorbed from tho
relief rolls by tho Works Progress Administration projects.
(p) Federal and Stato funds wero no longer available
for relief and arbitrary reductions were mado
in tho rolls by rofusing furthor rolief to all
employable men. Moro drastic intako policios
were also put into offoct in this and later
months*




13.
TABLE II
AN ANALYSIS

OF INTAKE

Dofinitions "Intake" "Now" — "Old" - —

Casos accopted for full care.
Cases aovor before known to the agency*
Cases previously known to tho agoncy,but
closed prior to tho current year.
"Rocurront"-Casos previously known to tho agency and
last closed during the curront year*
Total
Intake

New
Gases

Old and
Recurront

Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Doc

414
438
267
156
146
177
193
#
254
236
259

414
438
254
133
122
154
158
#
196
188
209

Jan

288

220

Fob

232
255
179
156
136
128
104
142

187
183
137
109
86
97
78
103
126
234
189

0
0
13
23
24
23
35
#
58
48
40
68
45
72
42
47
50
31
26
39
48
96
82

Dato
1925
Fob

Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

1926

Mir

Apr
Hay
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc




174
330

271

14.

Apr
May
June
July
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
192B Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July
Aug
Sep
Oct

Nov
Doc
1929""jaS
Feb
liar

Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec




Total
Intake
2.21
181
261
251
185

136
106
186
152
236
259
247

"

26T ""
213
202
160
168
140
116
149
166
213
185
223
158"

155

ua
122
112
84
67
99

77
173
196
231

New
Gases
137
117
173

Old and
Rocurrent
•CO

Date
1927 Jan
Feb
Mar

64
88
88
59
53
33

163
126
83

73
119
87

158

67
65
78
94
99
106
83
100

165
148
~I5B" "
130
102
83
86
78
70
93
94
123
99
124
87- "••••••'*"91
69
69
68
51
45
53
41
99
118
155

77
82
62
46
56
56
90
86
99
7

1

64
52
53
44
33
22
46
36
74
78
76

la)

15.
Dato
1930~ J a n "
Fob
Ifar
Apr
Iky

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

1931 Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
tfa-y

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
D.o.c
1932 Jan
Fob
Ifeir
Apr

toy
Juno
July
Aug
Sop

Oct
Nov
Doc




Total
Intake
~~ 215
132
149
181
119
145
107
90
138
204
190
318
772
665
651
590
605
305
276
356
423

1,041
948

1,635
1,332

150
65
72
96
62
98
69
46
69
122
98
197
673
559
528
455
353
167
150
188
252
652
601
949
609

1,969
1,586
1,691

1,395
1,059
1,085

931

620
952

993

1,228

67
77
85
57
47
38
44
69
82
92

121 (b)
"" ' 99
106
123
135
252
138
126
168
171
389
347
541

1,094

910

1,436
2,315
2,061
1,735

Old and
Rocurront
65

Nov;
Casos

1,495
1,357
1,016
852
907

*

383
301 (c)
574
527
606
311
484
820
704

719 (d)
141
321

"

16.

1933

Date
Jan
Fob

Mar
Apr
Hay

Juno
July
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Doc

1934

771
756

"

Jan

Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Jan'

Feb
Mar
Apr
May

June
July
Aug

Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec




1,030
1,453
1,695
1,052
1,183

532:

320
308
350
333
339
427
330
262
270
363
491

962
950
810
758
984
677
539
576
794
915

June
July

1935

Now.
fiasos
732
545
473
706
577
549
473
336
345
450
574
732

Total
Intake
1^321
1,042
1,085
1,738
1,182
1,021
1,048

~

—

530
390
327
356
286
344
418
307
420
400

423

451

259
173
155
135
115
150
165
103
141
171
188

Old.and
Rnmirront
589

497

(o)

612

1,032

(f)

545
472
575

435

(g)

411
580
879

963
520
863
654
600

(h)
"

477
419

557

(.i)

347
277
306
431
424

.

m

271
217
172
221
171
194

253

(j)

204
279

229
235

(k)

17.
Total
Data
1936 Jon

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
June
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Dec

Int.ako
376
575
366
203
431
375
182
86

132
250
321
403

Now
Pas os
170
271
193
100

35
46

27
22
37
49
69

99

Old.and
Recurrent.
206
304
173 (1)
103
396 (m)
329

155
64
95
201
252
304

Explanatory notes § Figures not available
(a) Prior to 1929 there was no differentiation between under care and minor cases. Beginning
Jan. 1, 1929 the Russoll Sage system of reporting was adopted and minor, or incidental service
casos, woro no longer counted as "Intako."
(b) Branch Office of the Bureau was opened. Prior
to this time tho only office had been maintained
in the Municipal Lodging House building.
(c) In thoso tv/o months there was a crisis in the
funds of the Citizens' Comaittoo and it was
nocessary to curtail intako drastically and to
roduce case loads. Ozanara Sholter, operated by
tho St. Vincont do Paul Society with intake and
case load controlled by tho Bureau, was also
opened in February,
(d) All officos of the Bureau wcro combined in one
building and intako was centralized in one application department.
(e) A v/ork program, requiring allable-bodied raon to
work for all relief recoived, was inaugurated.




18.
(f) The Municipal Lodging House with a population
of l|100 mon, was taken over by tho Buraau.
Tho relative) incroasos in the now and old casos
show tho number of men in tho Lodgo that had
previously been known to tho Buroau. Beginning
in this month all applicants for caro at tho
Lodge were routed thru the application department of the Bureau*
(g) The Municipal Lodging House was closed preparatory to wrecking tho building. Negotiations
wore started for a new building.
(h) Chostnut Street Lodgo, replacing the old "Huny",
was opened. All intako was still carriod thru
;
the application dopartment*
(i) A earoful chock of applications showed that this
unusual incroase was almost ontiroly due to tho
oxtrome heat which caused a reduction in the
numb or of odd jobs availablo.
(j) The Men's Unit of the Roliof Administration was
combined with tho Transient Bureau*
(k) The application department of tho Mon's Unit
was taken ovor by the regular Application and
Intake Service of tho Roliof Administration.
(l) After tho Fodoral and Stato roliof funds wore
exhausted and City funds only vrero availablo
for roliof, moro drastic intake policies wore
put into offoct.
(m) A notarizod writton application was required on
all now cases. This mado it practically impossible for unattachod mon to qualify*
(See also Notes on Tablo I)




19.
TABLE III
THE NUMBER

Year
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
19321933
1934
1935
1936

OF DIFFERENT MEN

Transients Included Jlesident Only
Under
Under Care
Under Care
Care Only
and Minor
and Minor
2,554
2,219
2,160
1,916
2,840
2,936
9,207
19,106
28^474
30,293

(2)
(2)

;
1
I
/

1,450
1,220
1,188
1,054
1,400
1,715
6,633
16,099
14,235
11,611
8,487
4,297

(1)
(1)
(1)1
(l)

(4)

1,760
7^381
17,167
19,462
20,191
8,352 (3)
4,297 (3)

•

(1) There was no differentiation between under
care and minor cases prior to 1929. Figures
on under care cases for these four years are
estimated.
(2) Minor service figures not available.
(3) No Minor service cases included in 1935 or
1936.
(4) No transients accepted as under care cases
in 1936.







20

CHART I

THE NUMBER OF DIFFERENT M N HELPED EACH YEAR
E
Under Caro Cases Only,

Resident and Transient




21.

CHART II THE NUMBER OF DIFFERENT MEN HELPED EACH YEAR
Includes Under Care & Minor Cases
Resident & Transient

22.
CHART I I I THE NUMBER OF NOT MEN ADDED AS UNDER CARE
CASES

EACH.. YEAR

Total f v 12.,jrrs.- 41,178




12,296




S 23
CHART I V .

AVERAGE

TENURE

OF

UNDER

CARE

CASES

24.
TABLE IV
AVERAGE RELIEF

PER CASE

Explanation - For t h e years 1925 t o 1928 i n c l u s i v e , t h e
figures given a r e t h e average monthly r e l i e f por
a c t i v e c a s e , which includes both under caro and
minor sorvice c a s e s , r e l i e f and non-roliof. From
1929 t h e figures aro the average monthly r o l i o f por
under caro r e l i e f case*

Uan.
1925 Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Dec
1927 Jan
Fob
lfe.r
Apr
May
June
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Dec




Avorago
Rolief
1926

1.72
1,56
2.01
2734 "•
2.40
2.24
2.21
2.11
2.08
1.60
1.58
1.68
1.74
1.78
1.97

1928

Mon.
Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc
Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

Avorago
Reliof
±.yv
1.66
1.98
2.02
2.43
2.50
1.68
1.83
1.62
1.47
1.84
1.87
2720
2.23
2.48
2.58
2.71
1,99
1.81
1.68
2.00
1.74
2.16
1.75

25,

Mon.
xygy

Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop

T931

Oct
Nov
Doc
Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July

1933

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc
Jan
Fob
Mir

Apr
May

Juno
July.
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc




Avorago

Rolicf
3«ye
1930
3.10
2.93
3.59
3.66
4.26
4.40
4.52
4.45'
3.36
3,15
2.72
4.82
1932
5.05
3.69
3.24
2.74
2.39
2.29
1.99
2.14
1.56
2.08
4.67
4.83"
1934
4.82
5.13
4.95
4.93
5.29
5.55
6.52
2.99 (a)
3.97
4.95
4.80

Mon
Jan
Fob

Ifcr
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov

Doc
Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
May

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
Nay

Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc

Avorago
Roliof
4.35~ '

4.26
2.51
3.58
4.66
3.81
2.89
3.40
2.28
3.11
3,00
3.17
4.38
4.31
4.60
5.46
6.02
5.60
4.50
6.54
6.83
4.29
6.42
6.61
2.12
2.25
2.68
3,16
3.00
2.42
2.33
2.47
3.35
4,08
3.93
4.44

26.
Notess(a) Aftor September, 1933, tho month in which
tho separation botwoon public and private agoncies
was made, a difforont system of bookkooping was in effect. This system classed certain oxpondituros, such
as operating oxponsos of tho Bureau rostaurant, as
"sorvico exponsos" whoro they had formorly boon classed
as relief on tho theory that thoy wcro a diroct r o placomont of rolief• This practico raado tho avorago
relief cost per relief case run slightly loss than
boforo.




27.
TABLE V
RAGE
Explanation - Because of several changes in t h e
method of r e p o r t i n g s t a t i s t i c s on tho number of c a s e s ,
i t i s not p o s s i b l e t o roport comparablo f i g u r e s in tho
percent of Nogroos in tho case load for tho o n t i r e 12
yoar p o r i o d . Tho following t a b l o shows ( A ) tho percent a g e of Nogroos in New Intako from 1925 t o 1932 and (B)
t h o porcontago of Nogroos in tho a c t i v e caso load from
1932 t o 1935*
According t o t h o U.S, Consus for 1930, tho Negro
population of S t . Louis was 9 5 , 0 8 1 , or 11.fi^ of tho
t o t a l population of tho c i t y . Non-family Negro men
accounted f o r approximately 10,100 of t h o s e , o r 26/£ of
tho non-family mon of t h o c i t y .
(For d e f i n i t i o n s of torms and for explanatory
h i s t o r i c a l n o t e s , soo Tablos I and I I )
A.

THE PERCENTAGE OF NEGROES IN N W INTAKE
E

Dato
1925 Sop
Oct
Nov
Doe
1926 Jan
Fob
Mar
Apr
liny
Juno
July
Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc




Now Intako
158
196
188
209
220
187
183
137
109
86
97
78
103
126
233
189

No. Negro
7
8
11
17
20
12
12
12
13
9
9
7
6
9
8
13

% Negro
4
4
6
8
9
6
7
9
12
10
9
9
6
7
3
7

28*

Dato
1927 Jan

Now Intako
137

Fob
Mar
Apr
Iky

117
173
1$3
126

Juno
July

83

Aug
Sop
Oct

119
87
158

Nov

165

Doc

148
158
130
102

73

8

7

7

4

18
16

11
5

11
13
13
7

12

10

6

7
10
8
8

May

83
86

Juno
July

78
70

16
14
12
21
19
16
9
7
4
4

Aug
Sop
Oct

1928

93

4

94
123

6
9
5

Jon

Fob
Mar

Apr

Nov
Dec
1929

'/, Nogro
9

No» Nogro
12

124
198

" " 22
"

Fob
Mar
Apr
May

176
104

16
5

96
86
68

8

15
16
11
8

5
6
4
6

7
5

19

Jan'

13

Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct

Nov
Doc




99

70
87
86

175
203
234

11
4
7
6
4
11
16
35

8
"

"

~TT~
9
5
8
13
6
10

7
5
6
8

15

29.
Now Intaka
1930

Jan

Fob
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct

Nov
Doc
1931 "Jon
Fob
Mir
Apr
!£iy
Juno
July

Aug
Sop
Oct
Nov
Doc
1932

Jan

Fob
Ifar
Apr
iby
Juno
July

Aug
Sop




274
123
126
147
102
142
96
70
97
208
215
410
"973~""~
855
781
753
579
206
195
224
307
689
736
1,476

" rf4oo
842

1,698
1,341
1,288

701
1,235
1,924
1,425

No..Nogro

46
25
17
26
8
8
&
8
11
10
31
92
552
57B
489
481
236
65
57
50
70
185
360
916
857
358
786
723
784
467
1,051
1,488
1,019

% Nogro

17
20
13
18
8
6
6
11
11
5
14
23
'

58 "

68
63
64
41
32
29
22
23
27
49
62
61~"
43
46
54
61
67
85

77
71

30.
B. THE PERCENTAGE OF NEGROES IN THE TOTAL
ACTIVE CASES
Date
1932 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Doc
1933 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
June
July
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
1934 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
tfey
June
July
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Deo




"

Total
6,864
7i326
7,124
7,301
7,475
67832
6,413
6,938
7,745
7,378
7,711
6,854
6,240
5,607
6,159
6,887
8,357
6,544
6,401
7,173
7,018
7,034
6,451
6,943
7,263
7,467
7,383
7,308
7,520

Nogro
5,105
5,284
4,846
4,613
4,659
37T8T
3,392
3,452
3,639
3,692
3,516
2,873
2,747
2,433
2,520
2,634
3,110
2,208
2,182
2,495
2,581
2,646
2,381
2,596
2,547
2,723
2,614
2,617
2,748

i

"•
"

74
72
68
64
62
55
'
53
50
47
50
45
41
44
43
41
38
37
34
34
35
37
38
37
37
35
36
35
36
37

31.

Date
1935 Jan.
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
June
July
Aug




Total
7,461
6,601
6,476
6,289
5,923
5,522
5,314
5,370

Negro
2,873
2i479
2,398
2,351
2,308
2,166
2i052
2,091

%
39
38
37
37
39
39
39
39

32.
TABLE VI
AGES
Explanation - Because of several changes in methods
of reporting statistics, it is not possible to report
comparable figures on ages of men helped for the entire
12 year period. This table shows (A) the percentages
in the various age groups in New Intake by years from
1925 to 1932, (B) the percentage of active cases 60 yrs»
of ago and over by months from 1926 to 1932, and (C) &
(D) a tabulation of all age groups under care on several
dates*
(For definitions of terms and explanatory historical
notos, sco Tables I and II.)
A. THE PERCENTAGE IN VARIOUS AGE GROUPS IN
NEW INTAKE
19 and
Year Under
1925*
8
1926
7
1927
4
1928
5
1929
5
1930
4
1931
3
1932#
5
*
§




|
1 2 0 - 2 9 30
!
23
!
19
16
i
13 I

21

j

- 39
17
21
19

15 |
21

25
27

j
!

19

28

20
19

16

13

40 - 49

Four months only
Nino months only

19
19

20
19
20
!

20

50 - 59

15
17
18
16
19
19
16
11

60 &
Ovor

17
17
22
28
25
26
15
9

33.
B* THE;. PERCENTAGE OF ACTIVE CASES 60 YEARS OP
AGE AND OVER

Total Active
Year
1926

1927

Month
July
Aug
Oct
Apr
MayJune
July
Aug
Sop

1928

Oct
Nov
Doc
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July
Aug

Cases

205
160

224
391
295
226
184

257
238
327

384
383
391
405

381

56
36
44
100

73
56
48
53
62
108
95
108
108

130
136

310
293
255

113

197

71

233

63
80
93
90
87

Sop

258

Oct
Nov
Doc

337
309




No. 60 yr,
and Over

343

103
96

%

60 yr.

and Over
27
23
20
26
25
25
26
21
26
33
25
28
28
32
36
36

35
38
36

27
31
28
29

25

34.

Total Active
Year

Month

Cases

1929

Jan

456
457
383
327
251
213
177
213
221
362
489
491

Feb
Liar

Apr
Iky
June
July

Aug
Sep

Oct
Nov
1930

Dec
Jan

Feb
l&r
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sep
Oct

Nov
Dsc
1931

575
371
385
400
325
349
248

225
298

475
509
804

No. 60 yr.
and Over
89
105
113
99
70
62
52
45
63
117
181
146
190

144
123
124
107
96

87
107
74
147
125
262

Jan"

Fob

Mar
Apr
May
Juno
July

Aug
Sep
Oct
NOT

Doc




1,572
1,809
1,663
1,629
998

822
881
1,038
1,764
1,806
3,091

204

178
273
381
311

241
323
373
523
415
495

% 60 yr.
and Over

20
23

29
30

28
29
29
21
28
32
37
30
33
39
32
31
33
28
35

48
25
31
25
33

IB

13
10
16
23
31
29

37
36
30
23

16

'

35.

Year
1932

Month
Jan
Feb.
liar
Apr
May
June
July
Aug
Sep




Total Active
Gases
3,574
3,345
4,564
4,719
5,147
4*743
4,956
6,864
7,326

No. 60 yr.
and Over
504
471
579
632
668
656
720
516

771

f. 60 yr.
and Over
14
14
13
13
13
14
15
8
11

36.

C.

NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE IN VARIOUS AGE GROUPS
OCTOBER, 1933*

Cumulative
- Age:
A l l Ages
Under 21
21 - 25
26 - 30
31 - 35
36 - 40
41 - 45
46 - 50
51 - 55
56 - 60
61 - 65
66 - 70
71 - 75
76 - 80
81 - 85
86 - 90
Over 90

No.
4,011
29
109
176
295
373
469
486
530
434
446
351
219
62
24
6
2

i

i

100
.7
2.7
4.4

7.4*
9.3

11.7
12.1
13.2
10.8
11.1
8.8*5.5r
1.6f
•6

.1+

100
3.4
7.8

15.2
24.5
36.2
48.3
61.5
72.3
83.4
92.2
97.7
99.3
99.9
100.0

* These figures were compiled as part of the
Federal Unemployment Census made in October, 1933.
They include a l l able-bodied non-family men on the
public relief r o l l s , but not a l l active under care
cases.




37.
D.

THE NUMBER & PERCENTAGE IN
VARIOUS AGE GROUPS - AUGUST. 1934 BY RACE#

No.
Age
All Ages

17 - 24
2 5 — 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45- - 49
50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74
75 - 79
80 - 84
85 - 89

V/hite

Negro

3,216

1,938
115
87
208
239
265
245
262
209

101
45
107
179
251
328
389
421
390
531
311
112
38
13

Percent
Total
5,154

10

216
132
315
418
516
573
651
630
529
619
369
121
48

4

17

139
88
58

9

Group* %

Cumulative^

100
4.2
2.6
6.1
8.1
10.0
11.1
12.6
12.2
10.312.0
7.22.3*-

1.0
•3

These figures include a l l under care active cases in August, 1934, and
constitute the only complete ago study made.




100
6.8
12.9
21.0
31.0
42.1
54.7
66.9
77.2
89,2
96 O 4
98.7
99.7
100.0

38.

TABLE VII
A,

Meals or Food

Dopt»
Roliof

No.
%

Case
Work

No*
%

Lodgo

No.

i
Sholtor

No.

i
All
Dopts.

No.
%

$YPES OF RELIEF AS OF DEC. 3 1 : 1934
Typo of Care
Room
Commercialj Grocery
Cafbtoria# !Rostaurant! Order
Board
320
I 840
1,620
11.4 j
30
58
55
7.3
864
96

130
17.4

|
j

36

1

4

450
60

[ Furnished
f By
Mon
20
.6

100
13.3

900
15.8

1

1,250
22
~

486
8.5

! 1,290
1
22.6

" • " '

100
1.7

*

Meals served insido tho Sholtor from i t s . own kitchen.

#

Oporatod by tho agoncy»




750
13.2

15
2

1,250*
100*
3,789
66.6

Total
2,800
49

35
.6

5,700
100

39.
B.

Rooms or Lodging

Sholtor

Dept.

Furnished by Organization
Rooms
Hotels Sub-Total

Roliof

No.
%

34
.1.2

400
14.2

434
15.4

Caso
Work

No.
%

283
37.7

87
11.6

370
49.3

Lodge

No.
%

317
No. 2,150
|
5.6
37.7
%




2,360
84.4
380
50.7

900
100

900
100
Sholtor No, 1,250
100

Aj.1
Dopts

Paid by Man
Rooms jH atols Sub-Total

I*
1 ..
I

2,366
84.6
380
50.7

2,954
51.8

2,800
49
750
13.2
900
100

|

1,250
22

1,250
100
487
8,5

Total

2,740
48.1

6
.1

2,746
48,2

5,700
100

The Percentage Pistributiqn by Census Pistrfcts of
Non-Fdmily Men on Relief in fit Loui&, Miwouri

Legend
— plitrirt Bourtlary

•

ParHs

© Pistrict Percetitdje

• Less tun 3%.
m 1.0 to 1.9 x
IS 2.0 to V.9X
m 5.0 tc 9.9X
BB 10 to 2V.97.
• 25 7. or more
Relief Shelters omittea