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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area, January 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-7  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a January 1996 survey of occupational pay in the Detroit, MI Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, under the direction of Ronald H. Pritzlaff, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Chicago Regional Office at (312) 353-1880. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1995, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Detroit, MI, BLS  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145,  Bulletin 3080-8.  Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area, January 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner July 1996 Bulletin 3085-7  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ...............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables: Establishments employing 500 workers or more: All establishments: A-1.  administrative occupations ......................................................... A-2.  3  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ....................................................................  8  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  10  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations ................................................................................  A-5.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ....................................................................  22  A-8.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  24  A-9.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-10.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................ occupations ................................................................................  27 29  13  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations ................................................................................  15 Appendixes:  Establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-6.  A-7.  Weekly hours and pay of professional and  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  17  A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  This survey of occupational pay in the Detroit, MI Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. However, no benefits data were collected for this survey. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Tables A-6 through A-10 include similar information, but are limited to establishments employing 500 workers or more. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  379 331 228 48  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.5  $514 520 509 474  $516 525 500 461  $488 497 488 441  – – – –  $539 539 538 506  – – – –  36 31 43 75  59 64 54 25  5 5 4 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,014 911 310 307 601 103  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.6  684 693 819 820 628 606  646 663 794 801 624 577  577 577 684 684 565 538  – – – – – –  762 773 968 972 684 644  ( 3) 1 2 2 – –  5 5 – – 8 –  27 24 5 5 33 60  36 37 27 27 42 20  11 11 16 16 8 13  8 9 13 13 6 7  6 7 17 17 1 –  5 5 15 16 – –  1 2 5 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,551 1,303 750 744 553 248  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.8  840 856 906 907 789 753  826 855 904 908 779 715  717 761 796 796 700 660  – – – – – –  927 942 982 982 875 798  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 2 1 1 4 1  15 12 6 6 20 30  28 24 20 20 29 47  21 24 20 20 30 5  23 24 32 32 14 14  6 7 10 10 3 3  3 3 6 6 – –  2 2 4 4 – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  849 688 349 343 339 161  39.8 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.2  1,054 1,076 1,170 1,172 980 956  1,042 1,060 1,193 1,195 980 856  912 923 1,036 1,036 904 832  – – – – – –  1,185 1,210 1,282 1,287 1,060 1,140  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 ( 3) – – 1 2  6 4 3 ( ) ( 3) 9 11  16 10 9 9 10 42  18 22 11 11 33 3  18 21 16 14 26 6  20 16 16 16 17 34  12 14 25 26 3 –  5 6 11 11 1 1  4 5 9 10 – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  169 148 83 83 65 21  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  1,364 1,418 1,481 1,481 1,338 985  1,346 1,412 1,455 1,455 – 967  1,240 1,253 1,317 1,317 – 936  – – – – – –  1,457 1,497 1,589 1,589 – 967  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  10 – – – – 81  2 – – – – 14  6 7 2 2 12 –  19 22 18 18 26 –  17 19 11 11 29 5  24 27 39 39 12 –  8 9 6 6 12 –  5 5 10 10 – –  5 6 6 6 6 –  – – – – – –  4 5 8 8 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level VI .....................................................  50  40.0  1,785  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4  –  –  6  6  8  28  12  30  –  2  4  –  Attorneys Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  63 52 11  40.0 40.0 40.0  894 926 743  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  11 8 27  14 6 55  44 52 9  6 6 9  10 12 –  8 10 –  6 8 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  99 76 23  39.5 39.4 40.0  1,057 1,099 918  1,008 – 941  808 – 812  – – –  1,250 – 1,007  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 – 17  30 32 26  9 7 17  12 4 39  7 9 –  22 29 –  8 11 –  2 3 –  5 7 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  247 159 112 88  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.6  1,357 1,402 1,354 1,275  1,358 1,423 1,355 1,307  1,240 1,277 1,172 1,172  – – – –  1,475 1,517 1,485 1,410  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 3  6 4 5 9  14 13 18 17  11 8 7 16  21 20 23 22  25 21 21 33  13 19 15 –  6 9 7 –  2 3 – –  ( 3) 1 – –  ( 3) 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – $1,715 – 1,779 – – – – – – – 1,510  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  6 3 – – 5 11  9 7 – – 12 14  21 21 20 20 21 20  23 13 2 2 20 42  15 17 6 6 24 13  15 22 38 38 12 –  4 6 12 12 3 –  5 7 16 16 1 –  2 2 2 2 3 –  1 2 4 4 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Middle range  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  190 126 50 50 76 64  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.8  $1,574 1,632 1,746 1,746 1,557 1,459  $1,535 1,629 – – – 1,508  $1,433 1,452 – – – 1,397  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  129 122 7  39.9 39.9 40.0  2,039 2,063 1,621  2,019 2,051 –  1,889 1,903 –  – – –  2,175 2,181 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 14  5 1 71  9 9 14  12 12 –  19 20 –  15 16 –  16 17 –  9 10 –  Engineers Level I: Private industry: Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  167 16  40.0 40.0  721 539  720 549  677 527  – –  760 558  – –  – 19  8 81  28 –  46 –  18 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,975 2,938 2,193 2,169 745 37  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  829 832 850 852 778 623  830 831 841 841 798 577  779 780 789 793 715 567  – – – – – –  897 897 908 909 848 659  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 1 1 1 3 51  7 7 3 3 17 38  26 26 25 25 29 5  41 41 42 43 38 3  21 21 24 24 12 3  3 3 4 4 – –  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  7,844 7,597 5,779 5,672 1,818 247  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  958 964 975 978 929 753  942 946 955 959 934 690  871 878 885 889 856 671  – – – – – –  1,036 1,039 1,049 1,051 1,000 828  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 5  3 1 ( 3) ( 3) 5 50  4 3 1 1 8 18  27 27 28 28 23 15  33 34 35 35 34 2  19 19 18 18 23 8  10 11 12 12 6 2  4 4 5 5 1 –  1 1 1 1 ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  13,706 13,588 11,356 11,249 2,232 118  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  1,186 1,189 1,194 1,196 1,160 937  1,180 1,180 1,189 1,190 1,159 945  1,090 1,092 1,090 1,092 1,099 832  – – – – – –  1,269 1,269 1,284 1,285 1,220 1,012  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) 9  1 ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 38  7 7 8 8 4 27  19 19 19 19 20 9  28 28 26 26 39 11  24 25 24 24 27 3  12 12 14 14 5 2  5 5 6 6 3 –  2 2 2 3 ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  6,518 6,434 5,538 5,508 896 84  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  1,460 1,464 1,485 1,487 1,331 1,122  1,444 1,445 1,469 1,469 1,320 1,116  1,335 1,341 1,357 1,359 1,240 967  – – – – – –  1,580 1,582 1,603 1,604 1,400 1,250  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 32  1 1 1 1 1 8  4 3 4 3 2 30  14 14 9 9 40 13  21 21 20 20 31 17  22 22 23 23 18 –  16 16 18 18 5 –  12 12 13 14 2 –  7 7 8 8 1 –  2 2 2 2 – –  2 2 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  365 348 17  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,792 1,823 1,159  1,835 1,846 1,080  1,660 1,696 1,080  – – –  1,935 1,941 1,208  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 – 59  – – –  2 – 35  2 2 –  4 4 –  8 8 –  10 11 6  14 14 –  25 26 –  18 18 –  7 7 –  7 7 –  2 2 –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  13 14 –  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – –  36 36  64 64  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS Budget Analysts Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  14 14  38.8 38.8  $532 532  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  50 20  39.6 39.0  685 669  – $706  – $616  – –  – $713  – –  – –  28 20  30 20  28 60  – –  4 –  10 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  54 31  39.6 39.7  828 805  – 793  – 726  – –  – 898  – –  – –  – –  19 19  37 45  22 16  7 6  9 13  4 –  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  191 186 159 159  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  538 537 523 523  502 500 481 481  481 481 481 481  – – – –  580 571 520 520  1 1 – –  43 44 52 52  40 38 40 40  12 12 4 4  2 2 1 1  2 2 2 2  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  596 532 379 376 153 64  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  734 749 793 793 641 611  704 745 770 770 625 620  644 644 663 663 577 557  – – – – – –  788 823 833 834 688 664  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 5 –  14 11 2 2 33 39  34 31 25 25 47 55  27 30 39 39 7 6  11 13 14 14 9 –  6 7 10 10 – –  4 4 6 6 – –  3 3 4 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,029 995 836 836 159 34  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.7  971 979 994 994 898 746  991 991 1,005 1,005 854 680  854 863 880 880 822 641  – – – – – –  1,075 1,077 1,081 1,081 1,013 897  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  5 3 3 3 2 56  7 7 4 4 21 15  24 24 22 22 36 15  18 18 19 19 14 9  27 28 29 29 19 6  13 13 14 14 8 –  6 7 8 8 – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  489 478 460 460 11  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,206 1,214 1,216 1,216 860  1,175 1,185 1,182 1,182 –  1,076 1,076 1,076 1,076 –  – – – – –  1,322 1,328 1,337 1,337 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 9  1 – – – 27  1 ( 3) – – 27  8 7 7 7 36  22 23 23 23 –  22 23 22 22 –  17 17 17 17 –  15 15 15 15 –  8 8 8 8 –  6 6 6 6 –  1 1 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  192 180 104  40.0 40.0 40.0  595 604 595  540 562 538  528 538 538  – – –  691 692 687  – – –  6 2 4  58 60 61  14 15 16  20 22 19  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  808 773 150 150 623 35  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 38.9  672 672 666 666 674 673  660 660 660 660 673 708  600 600 580 580 611 586  – – – – – –  733 732 720 720 744 755  – – – – – –  3 3 9 9 1 –  22 21 19 19 22 37  39 40 37 37 41 11  28 27 23 23 28 49  5 6 5 5 6 3  2 3 5 5 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  917 883 170 170 713 34  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.6  $804 805 818 818 801 778  $800 800 800 800 799 784  $769 769 796 796 769 718  – – – – – –  $849 850 853 853 850 825  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  11 10 11 11 10 24  35 34 15 15 39 50  43 44 62 62 40 21  8 8 7 7 9 6  2 2 5 5 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  231 217 86 86 131  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  935 936 963 963 919  925 927 970 970 923  864 872 900 900 868  – – – – –  1,002 1,000 1,093 1,093 981  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 3 – – 5  5 6 2 2 8  28 26 22 22 28  39 41 43 43 39  16 15 8 8 19  9 10 22 22 2  – – – – –  1 1 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I: State and local government ..................  69  39.7  768  715  715  –  805  –  –  –  12  57  17  10  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,614 3,515 2,990 99  39.9 40.0 40.0 38.5  940 940 921 945  942 942 928 960  854 853 846 864  – – – –  1,019 1,019 996 1,035  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  10 10 11 1  25 25 28 34  33 33 33 35  21 21 19 28  8 8 5 1  1 2 ( 3) –  ( ) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,294 2,234 1,026 1,026 1,208 60  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.4  1,157 1,162 1,245 1,245 1,091 987  1,139 1,146 1,234 1,234 1,080 926  1,038 1,044 1,131 1,131 1,000 926  – – – – – –  1,258 1,261 1,354 1,354 1,179 1,018  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  2 2 – – 4 2  14 13 5 5 19 57  23 23 14 14 31 32  24 25 21 21 28 3  17 18 24 24 12 3  11 11 19 19 4 3  5 5 11 11 1 –  2 3 5 5 1 –  1 1 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  726 724  39.9 39.9  1,370 1,371  1,336 1,337  1,227 1,227  – –  1,479 1,480  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) –  4 4  14 14  23 23  22 22  14 14  11 11  7 7  2 2  1 1  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  357 339 339  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,148 1,152 1,152  1,119 1,127 1,127  997 1,010 1,010  – – –  1,280 1,288 1,288  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  6 6 6  19 17 17  20 21 21  22 22 22  9 9 9  12 12 12  6 6 6  2 2 2  3 3 3  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  302 290 270 12  39.9 40.0 40.0 38.8  1,421 1,430 1,418 1,195  1,385 1,391 1,373 –  1,226 1,246 1,231 –  – – – –  1,592 1,598 1,585 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 1 –  6 5 6 33  13 12 13 25  14 14 15 25  19 19 19 8  14 15 14 –  9 9 9 8  10 11 9 –  3 3 3 –  6 7 6 –  4 4 4 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Personnel Specialists Level I: State and local government ..................  8  40.0  $532  –  25  75  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  840 786 365 362 421 54  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.2  691 696 784 785 620 614  $615 615 739 753 615 570  $577 577 577 577 568 566  – – – – – –  $800 811 954 955 626 665  – – – – – –  4 4 3 3 5 –  36 33 30 30 36 67  26 27 8 7 43 15  9 9 12 12 7 13  9 9 12 12 7 6  8 9 18 18 2 –  6 6 13 13 – –  2 2 5 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  922 798 358 358 440 124  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  842 862 957 957 784 716  801 819 954 954 754 733  720 731 808 808 700 660  – – – – – –  961 971 1,062 1,062 840 788  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  3 1 – – 2 13  17 14 5 5 22 31  30 27 9 9 42 45  18 20 22 22 18 6  16 18 33 33 5 2  9 10 11 11 8 2  5 5 9 9 2 –  3 4 8 8 – –  1 1 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  770 685 246 246 439 85  39.8 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.7 39.7  1,069 1,091 1,161 1,161 1,053 888  1,058 1,080 1,165 1,165 1,058 856  933 973 1,039 1,039 946 856  – – – – – –  1,208 1,220 1,313 1,313 1,129 875  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 4  4 4 1 1 6 4  18 12 13 13 11 73  12 13 6 6 16 4  29 32 18 18 39 12  10 11 17 17 8 2  13 15 17 17 14 –  8 9 20 20 3 2  3 4 5 5 3 –  1 1 4 4 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  610 589 130 21  40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  1,441 1,457 1,238 1,000  1,426 1,440 1,238 1,032  1,240 1,265 1,144 936  – – – –  1,635 1,648 1,283 1,032  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 1 4 48  5 4 12 48  11 11 18 5  17 17 45 –  11 12 10 –  15 15 6 –  9 9 4 –  10 11 2 –  7 7 – –  6 6 – –  6 6 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  116 82 34  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,043 1,104 895  1,063 1,103 936  945 1,027 779  – – –  1,136 1,190 955  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  11 2 32  1 1 –  31 16 68  22 30 –  19 27 –  11 16 –  5 7 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  55 15  40.0 39.8  1,363 1,144  – 1,036  – 1,032  – –  – 1,264  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  – –  16 60  7 13  7 7  25 7  15 13  9 –  18 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3  Less than 0.5 percent. 4 Workers were distributed as follows: 5 percent at $2,300 and under $2,400; 5 percent at $2,400 and under $2,500; 2 percent at $2,500 and under $2,600; and 2 percent at $2,600 and under $2,700. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  7  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  533 494 448 39  39.8 39.8 39.8 38.9  $470 467 462 509  $461 457 461 496  $400 400 400 465  – – – –  $519 517 515 567  – – – –  7 7 8 –  3 3 3 –  4 4 3 –  33 34 33 21  21 20 22 31  13 14 14 5  11 8 9 38  4 4 4 5  1 1 1 –  2 2 2 –  2 2 ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  406 355 304 51  39.7 39.9 40.0 38.7  607 611 587 581  594 594 575 577  522 520 519 566  – – – –  663 663 662 628  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  11 12 14 4  23 23 26 20  16 14 11 31  19 16 17 41  15 17 19 2  3 4 3 –  2 2 2 2  1 1 1 –  2 3 – –  4 5 2 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  309 274 240 35  39.9 40.0 40.0 39.0  761 772 754 676  743 773 745 673  702 702 702 673  – – – –  856 865 856 734  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 3  9 8 10 17  8 9 10 –  7 4 4 31  27 24 28 49  10 11 12 –  8 9 8 –  24 27 28 –  3 3 ( 3) –  2 2 – –  2 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Drafters Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  252 245 7  40.0 40.0 39.6  405 404 438  400 400 –  373 373 –  – – –  440 435 –  – – –  – – –  20 20 –  24 24 14  36 34 86  16 16 –  4 4 –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  942 917 299 265 618 25  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  480 478 529 533 454 527  500 500 500 500 480 521  388 388 460 451 360 521  – – – – – –  560 560 580 580 540 521  1 1 – – 1 –  4 4 – – 6 –  14 15 9 10 17 –  8 8 – – 12 –  7 7 7 8 7 –  15 16 22 25 12 12  25 23 22 12 24 80  13 13 20 22 10 –  9 10 11 13 9 –  2 2 4 4 2 8  ( 3) ( 3) 1 2 – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  1 1 2 3 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  1,625 1,604 610 610 994  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  623 624 671 671 594  628 631 669 669 580  540 540 600 600 508  – – – – –  710 710 724 724 680  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  6 6 – – 10  6 6 1 1 9  19 20 12 12 24  10 9 11 11 7  15 15 15 15 14  17 17 25 25 13  13 13 17 17 11  6 6 7 7 6  7 7 10 10 6  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  2,655 2,650  40.0 40.0  904 905  865 865  740 740  – –  1,093 1,093  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  2 2  3 3  8 8  14 14  8 8  10 10  7 8  3 3  3 3  5 5  10 10  17 17  6 6  1 1  Engineering Technicians Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  948 937 785 785  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  730 731 749 749  725 729 762 762  646 657 673 673  – – – –  824 824 830 830  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 1  10 10 8 8  14 14 8 8  14 14 15 15  16 16 15 15  13 13 15 15  18 18 22 22  12 12 15 15  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  2,478 2,472 2,260 2,260  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  851 851 858 858  865 865 874 874  762 764 773 773  – – – –  932 932 937 937  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 3  6 6 6 6  11 11 11 11  12 12 10 10  11 11 10 10  21 21 22 22  17 17 18 18  14 14 15 15  4 4 5 5  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 200 and under 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  – $1,064 – 1,064 – 1,063 – 1,063  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 2  1 1 1 1  3 3 4 4  4 4 5 5  4 4 5 5  8 8 8 8  15 15 14 14  13 13 12 12  22 22 19 19  14 14 14 14  14 14 15 15  1 1 – –  – – – –  Middle range  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  1,972 1,971 1,521 1,521  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $976 976 967 967  $1,000 1,000 987 987  $913 913 891 891  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  35 35  40.0 40.0  457 457  466 466  418 418  – –  514 514  – –  – –  17 17  6 6  14 14  23 23  40 40  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  74 70  40.0 40.0  517 521  – 519  – 486  – –  – 544  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 1  31 30  47 50  14 14  3 3  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  215 209  40.0 40.0  632 636  656 656  582 582  – –  656 656  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 ( 3)  8 7  33 33  6 6  37 38  6 6  3 3  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  59 59  40.0 40.0  747 747  736 736  722 722  – –  750 750  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  64 64  20 20  14 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V: State and local government ..................  13  40.0  799  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  85  15  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  978 978  40.0 40.0  618 618  662 662  540 540  – –  662 662  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  5 5  21 21  15 15  2 2  42 42  – –  9 9  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  1,516 1,510  50.2 50.3  672 672  701 701  628 628  – –  736 736  – –  – –  – –  1 1  3 3  – –  9 9  9 9  9 9  11 11  53 53  2 2  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  6,587 6,489  40.0 40.0  698 700  736 736  600 600  – –  775 778  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  2 2  5 5  11 10  9 9  2 2  39 40  11 11  5 5  8 8  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  225 and under 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  Clerks, Accounting Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  425 412 404  39.6 39.6 39.6  $309 307 308  $300 293 296  $280 280 280  – – –  $327 327 327  3 3 3  11 11 10  36 37 37  24 22 23  19 19 20  2 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  5 5 5  1 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,759 2,665 1,138 1,527 94  39.8 39.8 39.9 39.7 38.7  382 379 374 383 475  375 370 360 375 514  331 330 326 330 402  – – – – –  425 416 412 422 530  1 1 1 1 –  3 3 2 4 –  4 4 7 3 –  14 15 14 15 –  13 13 18 9 2  14 14 11 17 11  11 11 7 15 11  21 21 26 18 15  10 10 10 10 7  5 4 3 5 38  1 ( 3) 1 ( 3) 16  1 2 3 ( ) 2 –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – ( 3) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,841 1,334 548 548 786 507  39.6 39.7 39.8 39.8 39.7 39.3  475 452 466 466 442 537  479 440 442 442 425 560  405 384 420 420 379 515  – – – – – –  544 510 514 514 496 570  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  6 8 – – 14 –  5 6 7 7 6 1  10 12 7 7 17 3  22 28 41 41 19 8  13 16 12 12 20 6  18 14 17 17 11 30  18 10 17 17 6 37  7 4 ( ) ( 3) 6 14  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry: Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  490  39.8  607  569  472  –  660  –  –  –  –  –  ( 3)  10  8  13  14  19  7  4  4  1  3  16  –  –  –  –  223 107  39.9 39.1  485 556  471 587  423 501  – –  548 591  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  22 –  17 1  18 23  22 16  12 48  6 1  2 11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  140 91  39.5 39.5  318 318  300 298  298 298  – –  335 335  1 –  1 –  46 60  19 7  16 18  8 8  2 1  6 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  161 127 266  40.0 40.0 39.5  300 306 374  280 290 350  280 280 338  – – –  312 312 407  7 9 –  – – –  58 47 –  22 28 5  7 9 43  – – 20  2 3 5  2 2 17  – – 7  – – 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  4,447 2,881 1,566  39.6 39.9 39.0  433 401 491  419 378 498  342 332 449  – – –  498 423 515  – – –  – – –  2 3 –  4 6 –  21 32 1  5 7 2  8 10 4  21 21 20  18 9 34  9 2 21  6 1 16  4 4 2  1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) –  1 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,973  39.9  542  512  466  –  638  –  –  –  –  –  5  4  12  27  12  9  8  11  5  6  1  ( 3)  –  –  –  –  406 406 910 657  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  629 629 538 494  634 634 533 477  530 530 419 477  – – – –  763 763 654 514  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – 11 –  – – 7 2  9 9 14 11  9 9 13 58  15 15 10 13  12 12 6 12  8 8 12 3  9 9 18 1  10 10 7 –  27 27 1 –  2 2 ( 3) –  – – ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  369 356 294  39.9 40.0 40.0  349 347 348  339 339 339  320 317 324  – – –  379 379 379  – – –  1 1 2  7 8 9  27 27 23  23 23 24  12 12 15  8 8 10  20 21 18  1 ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II: State and local government ..................  138  40.0  559  560  560  –  560  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  3  92  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  10  3  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  225 and under 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  145 122 23  39.7 40.0 37.9  $435 418 526  $404 400 531  $372 372 482  – – –  $473 473 598  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  14 17 –  14 17 –  9 8 13  20 23 4  26 29 9  9 2 43  3 2 13  3 – 17  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  99 77 71 22  39.7 40.0 40.0 38.8  492 456 457 620  477 – – 654  424 – – 491  – – – –  501 – – 730  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 3 3 –  9 12 13 –  23 29 23 5  32 35 38 23  18 22 24 5  – – – –  4 – – 18  5 – – 23  6 – – 27  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,081 693 270 270 423 388  39.7 39.5 40.0 40.0 39.1 40.0  500 460 519 519 422 571  501 442 516 516 415 587  417 395 438 438 385 586  – – – – – –  587 501 584 584 459 587  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  2 3 – – 5 –  3 4 – – 7 –  15 23 9 9 31 –  19 26 21 21 30 6  11 17 13 13 20 1  12 15 27 27 7 7  34 4 10 10 ( 3) 86  2 3 7 7 – –  3 4 10 10 – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,078 1,583 1,549 495  39.6 39.8 39.8 39.1  510 492 491 568  510 500 499 579  457 451 451 521  – – – –  552 523 523 628  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  1 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  4 4 4 3  17 19 19 11  20 25 26 4  33 36 36 20  10 8 8 16  13 5 5 39  2 ( 3) ( 3) 6  ( 3) – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,960 2,426 1,273 1,273 1,153 534  39.4 39.6 40.0 40.0 39.3 38.4  620 627 684 684 563 590  606 605 725 725 554 608  528 522 575 575 487 568  – – – – – –  729 748 763 763 630 618  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  6 6 2 2 11 7  12 12 8 8 16 9  12 14 10 10 18 6  16 14 7 7 22 23  14 10 8 8 11 37  9 8 9 9 6 14  9 10 11 11 9 2  13 15 25 25 4 2  8 10 18 18 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,061 869 62 62 807 192  39.6 39.7 39.2 39.2 39.7 39.1  628 618 666 666 614 675  627 612 – – 606 652  552 540 – – 538 627  – – – – – –  682 671 – – 653 739  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 2 – – 2 –  6 7 – – 8 –  17 20 35 35 19 3  16 19 5 5 20 6  14 9 5 5 10 35  24 24 2 2 26 23  11 8 34 34 6 24  3 3 6 6 3 1  7 7 13 13 6 7  ( 3) – – – – 1  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  348 330 102  40.0 40.0 39.9  873 886 755  898 904 718  736 774 698  – – –  972 975 809  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 2  5 2 4  12 13 34  7 7 19  7 7 12  18 19 21  31 33 8  13 14 1  3 3 –  – – –  2 2 –  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  315 291 83  40.0 40.0 39.6  369 373 506  355 378 507  320 320 494  – – –  400 400 552  – – –  – – –  – – –  31 30 –  9 5 2  12 13 –  15 16 –  23 25 14  7 7 17  3 3 41  – – 25  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  11  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  225 and under 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 –  12 23  6 8  65 23  10 38  2 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Word Processors Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  51 13  39.9 40.0  $420 439  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  191 143 105  39.7 39.5 39.4  480 458 397  $526 417 363  $363 354 334  – – –  $560 526 483  – – –  3 4 6  – – –  3 4 6  11 15 20  14 18 25  4 5 7  6 8 11  6 3 3  16 20 23  23 3 –  7 10 –  6 8 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III .....................................................  123  40.0  638  670  555  –  733  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  12  6  6  15  2  24  15  18  2  –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  12  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  6.00 and under 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  973 736 88 88 237  $11.24 10.14 11.96 11.96 14.65  $11.06 9.82 11.00 11.00 14.15  $8.00 8.00 10.88 10.88 13.86  – $13.74 – 12.22 – 13.27 – 13.27 – 16.84  2 3 – – –  7 10 – – –  1 2 – – –  4 5 – – –  16 21 – – –  9 13 – – –  8 10 47 47 –  9 11 14 14 1  13 10 – – 22  10 11 24 24 8  8 1 – – 32  5 4 16 16 11  5 – – – 19  3 1 – – 8  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,031 3,780 3,531 3,531 249 251  21.24 21.31 21.44 21.44 19.40 20.22  21.92 21.98 21.98 21.98 18.97 19.69  21.90 21.90 21.90 21.90 18.36 19.47  – – – – – –  21.98 21.98 21.98 21.98 21.20 21.84  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 – 5  ( 2) 1 ( 2) ( 2) 1 ( 2)  1 1 1 1 2 6  3 3 3 3 2 6  2 2 1 1 10 1  4 4 1 1 47 1  5 4 3 3 8 33  4 4 4 4 – 5  67 70 74 74 22 18  10 11 11 11 2 3  2 ( 2) – – 3 21  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I: State and local government ..................  13  12.68  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  38  8  15  8  8  –  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  2  2  2  2  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  642 590 273 52  17.89 17.96 16.79 17.05  18.77 19.19 17.15 16.55  17.06 17.31 14.89 15.47  – – – –  19.30 19.30 19.19 18.77  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  1 2 3 –  4 4 8 4  7 6 13 15  6 5 11 17  6 5 11 13  20 21 15 6  7 5 10 29  44 47 26 12  4 4 ( 2) 2  ( ) – – 2  ( ) ( 2) – –  ( ) ( 2) – –  ( ) ( 2) – –  ( ) ( 2) – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  187 180 139 7  21.32 21.44 21.60 18.28  20.33 20.59 20.88 –  19.23 19.23 18.97 –  – – – –  23.02 23.02 25.35 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  3 2 3 29  4 4 6 –  14 12 16 57  18 19 9 –  12 13 17 –  19 19 13 14  4 4 5 –  4 4 6 –  – – – –  4 4 4 –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  285 268 215 215 17  18.51 18.55 17.97 17.97 17.95  19.18 19.28 15.23 15.23 17.01  15.23 15.23 15.23 15.23 17.01  – – – – –  21.77 21.77 21.77 21.77 19.18  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 1 –  42 45 56 56 –  3 3 – – –  4 – – – 59  – – – – –  8 6 5 5 41  2 2 – – –  27 29 36 36 –  14 15 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,923 2,807 2,665 2,665 142 116  20.00 20.16 20.24 20.24 18.75 15.92  21.77 21.77 21.88 21.88 18.16 16.37  17.84 17.91 17.91 17.91 17.66 15.72  – – – – – –  21.90 21.90 21.90 21.90 19.82 16.37  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – 1  ( 2) – – – – 12  4 4 4 4 – 2  3 3 3 3 – 5  5 5 5 5 6 15  4 2 2 2 – 48  15 15 14 14 34 3  2 1 ( 2) 2 ( ) 15 14  4 4 2 2 35 –  1 1 1 1 – –  62 64 67 67 10 –  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  3,701 2,431 912 780 1,519 1,270  17.80 18.82 20.07 20.58 18.08 15.84  17.50 18.19 21.65 21.65 18.19 15.45  15.45 16.75 18.65 21.65 16.25 15.42  – – – – – –  19.82 21.65 21.68 21.68 19.82 16.12  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 2 – – 3 –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  3 4 2 3 5 –  1 1 ( 2) ( 2) 1 2  27 4 9 5 1 72  14 14 4 1 20 14  8 8 5 5 10 7  15 20 9 3 27 5  6 10 5 6 12 ( 2)  ( 2) 1 – – 1 –  22 34 65 76 15 –  2 3 1 1 4 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  1,860 1,844 1,833 1,767 16  21.24 21.26 21.27 21.23 19.28  21.65 21.65 21.65 21.65 18.20  21.65 21.65 21.65 21.65 18.20  – – – – –  21.73 21.73 21.73 21.73 22.30  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 1 –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 6  ( 2) – – – 13  6 6 6 6 50  10 10 10 11 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  77 78 78 81 –  5 5 5 1 31  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  13  17 18 22 –  3  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  Number of workers  4,336 4,335 4,335 4,335  Mean  Median  $20.32 20.32 20.32 20.32  $21.98 21.98 21.98 21.98  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $19.07 19.07 19.07 19.07  – $21.99 – 21.99 – 21.99 – 21.99  6.00 and under 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 over  – – – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  – – – – 3  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  6 6 6 6  1 1 1 1  3 3 3 3  11 11 11 11  1 1 1 1  15 15 15 15  – – – –  62 62 62 62  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  All workers were at $26.00 and under $27.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  14  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  – $18.81 – 18.81 – 18.81 – 18.81 – 18.81  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 1 ( 2)  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  2 2 1 1 6  5 5 6 6 3  1 1 1 1 –  6 6 6 6 5  4 4 5 5 1  1 1 – – 4  2 2 – – 12  5 5 5 5 2  1 1 1 1 1  5 5 6 6 2  6 6 6 6 8  6 6 8 8 –  – – – – –  36 36 31 31 57  19 19 24 24 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 over  Forklift Operators ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  5,708 5,708 4,622 4,622 1,086  $15.74 15.74 15.83 15.83 15.39  $18.66 18.66 18.66 18.66 18.81  $12.50 12.50 13.33 13.33 11.22  Guards Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  5,195 5,019 4,962 176  6.75 6.59 6.49 11.35  6.00 6.00 6.00 11.42  5.50 5.50 5.50 10.98  – – – –  7.00 6.75 6.50 11.66  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  7 7 7 –  9 10 10 –  30 31 32 –  19 20 20 –  8 8 8 –  5 6 6 –  3 3 3 –  5 6 6 1  3 3 3 2  3 2 2 31  4 2 2 60  1 1 1 2  1 ( 2) ( 2) 5  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,043 804 744 239  13.58 13.58 13.41 13.57  13.80 13.80 13.80 14.14  12.05 12.13 11.95 12.05  – – – –  14.60 15.53 14.57 14.48  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  5 6 7 –  3 4 4 ( 2)  10 12 13 4  17 13 14 31  15 19 20 2  26 16 17 62  12 15 8 –  7 9 9 –  1 1 1 –  2 2 2 –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – –  Janitors ........................................................ 19,421 Private industry ......................................... 15,548 Goods-producing industries .................. 2,459 Manufacturing ................................... 2,459 Service-producing industries ................ 13,089 State and local government ...................... 3,873  9.21 8.32 14.46 14.46 7.16 12.79  8.00 7.00 18.29 18.29 6.33 13.18  5.95 5.50 8.75 8.75 5.25 10.80  – – – – – –  11.89 9.10 18.32 18.32 8.55 14.46  2 2 – – 3 –  6 7 – – 8 –  12 16 – – 18 –  6 8 ( 2) ( 2) 9 –  9 11 – – 13 –  4 5 – – 6 –  4 5 4 4 5 ( 2)  6 7 13 13 6 2  10 13 8 8 14 1  7 9 6 6 9 1  7 3 1 1 3 25  1 1 2 2 ( 2) 3  1 ( 2) 2 2 ( 2) 5  7 ( 2) 3 3 ( 2) 35  5 1 3 3 1 18  1 1 ( 2) ( 2) 1 ( 2)  3 1 2 2 1 9  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  7 9 55 55 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Material Handling Laborers ....................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  1,948 1,948 756 756  14.34 14.34 15.78 15.78  15.97 15.97 18.48 18.48  10.20 10.20 11.40 11.40  – – – –  18.48 18.48 18.82 18.82  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  4 4 9 9  9 9 5 5  2 2 – –  7 7 7 7  1 1 – –  2 2 1 1  1 1 3 3  1 1 1 1  1 1 ( 2) ( 2)  14 14 1 1  24 24 – –  – – – –  – – – –  32 32 71 71  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  1,966 1,954 1,577 1,577 377  13.05 13.05 13.33 13.33 11.87  12.25 12.25 12.25 12.25 12.84  10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 9.05  – – – – –  18.92 18.92 18.92 18.92 15.49  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1  8 8 9 9 2  6 6 6 6 7  6 6 4 4 14  2 2 1 1 5  13 13 14 14 10  5 5 5 5 5  24 24 23 23 28  2 2 2 2 2  2 2 3 3 –  6 5 2 2 20  1 1 ( 2) ( 2) 5  – – – – –  6 6 7 7 –  20 20 24 24 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  Truckdrivers Light Truck: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  414 414 63  8.51 8.51 11.79  8.50 8.50 11.57  8.00 8.00 10.35  – – –  8.65 8.65 12.19  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  7 7 –  7 7 –  63 63 –  8 8 3  15 15 25  – – 43  – – 10  – – 2  – – 14  – – 3  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Medium Truck: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  845 845 100  12.71 12.71 15.38  12.50 12.50 14.48  11.00 11.00 14.46  – – –  15.00 15.00 17.55  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  13 13 –  7 7 –  23 23 –  9 9 –  – – 20  16 16 44  31 31 –  – – 8  – – 28  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  15  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  – $16.75 – 16.75 – 20.00 – 20.48 – 15.86  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2)  8 8 – – 9  2 2 4 4 2  6 6 10 12 5  3 3 – – 3  13 13 – – 14  ( 2) ( 2) 4 – ( 2)  41 41 11 8 44  3 3 25 28 1  2 2 9 6 1  1 1 4 5 1  3 3 2 3 3  17 17 28 32 16  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9 10 3 –  – – 3 –  2 2 5 –  2 2 3 –  11 12 5 –  7 7 6 –  10 10 10 40  4 4 15 2  4 3 22 5  2 2 2 25  5 2 – 27  1 1 8 –  16 17 – –  – – ( 2) –  21 22 20 –  6 7 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Middle range  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  8,727 8,726 810 711 7,916  $15.42 15.42 16.97 17.16 15.26  $15.79 15.79 16.75 16.75 15.79  $13.25 13.25 15.34 16.25 13.25  Warehouse Specialists: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,777 1,699 466 95  13.41 13.42 12.53 12.54  13.25 13.25 12.09 13.21  9.00 8.80 10.11 10.49  18.66 18.92 15.38 14.23  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 over  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  16  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  114 66 48  39.8 39.9 39.5  $507 531 474  $514 – 461  $442 – 441  – – –  $554 – 506  – – –  46 26 75  44 58 25  10 17 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  603 500 264 264 236 103  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.6  729 754 835 835 664 606  687 721 837 837 641 577  600 623 684 684 597 538  – – – – – –  837 896 996 996 738 644  1 1 2 2 – –  2 2 – – 4 –  22 14 6 6 23 60  29 31 21 21 42 20  17 18 15 15 22 13  9 9 13 13 6 7  10 12 20 20 4 –  8 10 18 18 – –  2 3 5 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,140 918 308 222  39.9 40.0 39.9 39.9  856 884 799 742  849 875 779 715  728 774 716 648  – – – –  952 970 860 793  – – – –  – – – –  3  1 1 ( ) 1  12 7 15 34  28 23 39 46  21 25 30 5  23 26 11 10  9 10 5 4  4 5 – –  3 3 – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  536 375 261 261 114 161  39.7 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.2  1,100 1,162 1,226 1,226 1,016 956  1,130 1,188 1,227 1,227 1,041 856  934 1,041 1,127 1,127 921 832  – – – – – –  1,234 1,282 1,321 1,321 1,120 1,140  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 2  5 3 ( ) ( 3) 9 11  15 4 ( 3) ( 3) 12 42  9 11 8 8 18 3  15 18 14 14 28 6  24 19 17 17 23 34  15 21 29 29 4 –  9 12 15 15 4 1  6 9 13 13 – –  1 1 2 2 – –  1 1 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  136 115 65 21  40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  1,357 1,425 1,338 985  1,317 1,347 – 967  1,202 1,252 – 936  – – – –  1,500 1,558 – 967  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  13 – – 81  2 – – 14  7 9 12 –  18 21 26 –  21 23 29 5  12 14 12 –  10 11 12 –  6 7 – –  7 8 6 –  – – – –  5 6 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Attorneys Level I: State and local government ..................  11  40.0  743  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  27  55  9  9  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  80 57 23  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,116 1,196 918  1,121 – 941  961 – 812  – – –  1,269 – 1,007  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 – 17  14 9 26  11 9 17  15 5 39  9 12 –  27 39 –  10 14 –  2 4 –  6 9 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  235 147 104 88  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.6  1,360 1,412 1,369 1,275  1,385 1,440 1,389 1,307  1,250 1,308 1,250 1,172  – – – –  1,475 1,517 1,485 1,410  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 3  6 4 6 9  11 8 12 17  11 8 8 16  22 22 25 22  26 22 22 33  12 20 16 –  6 10 8 –  2 3 – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  167 103 76 64  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  1,565 1,630 1,557 1,459  1,521 1,628 – 1,508  1,415 1,476 – 1,397  – – – –  1,649 1,733 – 1,510  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  7 4 5 11  11 9 12 14  17 16 21 20  26 16 20 42  17 20 24 13  10 16 12 –  5 8 3 –  5 8 1 –  2 3 3 –  1 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  122 115 7  39.9 39.9 40.0  2,031 2,056 1,621  2,013 2,046 –  1,865 1,894 –  – – –  2,175 2,179 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 14  5 1 71  10 10 14  12 13 –  20 21 –  13 14 –  16 17 –  8 9 –  See footnotes at end of table.  17  3  13 14 –  4  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Engineers Level I: State and local government ..................  16  40.0  $539  $549  $527  –  $558  –  19  81  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  2,063 37  40.0 40.0  848 623  844 577  789 567  – –  906 659  – –  – –  1 51  4 38  24 5  42 3  24 3  3 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  5,341 5,106 4,210 4,210 896 235  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  974 984 992 992 948 748  961 967 969 969 960 690  889 898 901 901 880 671  – – – – – –  1,054 1,058 1,071 1,071 1,022 797  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 5  2 ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 53  4 3 2 2 9 19  22 22 23 23 21 11  33 35 35 35 34 3  21 22 20 20 31 9  11 12 13 13 4 2  5 6 7 7 – –  1 1 1 1 ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... 10,681 Private industry ..................................... 10,563 Goods-producing industries .............. 9,404 Manufacturing ............................... 9,404 Service-producing industries ............ 1,159 State and local government .................. 118  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  1,189 1,192 1,197 1,197 1,152 937  1,180 1,182 1,189 1,189 1,155 945  1,084 1,087 1,085 1,085 1,098 832  – – – – – –  1,280 1,281 1,292 1,292 1,207 1,012  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) 9  1 ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 38  9 8 9 9 5 27  19 20 20 20 19 9  26 27 24 24 46 11  23 24 23 23 25 3  12 12 13 13 3 2  6 6 7 7 1 –  2 2 3 3 – –  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  4,976 4,892 491 84  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  1,491 1,497 1,357 1,122  1,480 1,485 1,360 1,116  1,360 1,365 1,304 967  – – – –  1,616 1,618 1,411 1,250  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – 32  1 1 2 8  3 3 3 30  10 10 17 13  19 19 44 17  20 21 26 –  18 19 5 –  14 15 2 –  9 9 ( 3) –  3 3 – –  2 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  335 318 17  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,801 1,835 1,159  1,843 1,852 1,080  1,681 1,744 1,080  – – –  1,932 1,937 1,208  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 – 59  – – –  2 – 35  1 1 –  3 3 –  7 7 –  11 12 6  14 15 –  27 28 –  19 20 –  7 8 –  4 4 –  2 3 –  – – –  Budget Analysts Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  14 14  38.8 38.8  532 532  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  36 36  64 64  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  50 20  39.6 39.0  685 669  – 706  – 616  – –  – 713  – –  – –  28 20  30 20  28 60  – –  4 –  10 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  54 31  39.6 39.7  828 805  – 793  – 726  – –  – 898  – –  – –  – –  19 19  37 45  22 16  7 6  9 13  4 –  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  86 81 54 54  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0  602 604 597 597  580 580 – –  520 520 – –  – – – –  646 655 – –  2 2 – –  – – – –  62 59 76 76  26 27 11 11  3 4 2 2  3 4 6 6  2 2 4 4  1 1 2 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  18  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  323 271 176 176 95 52  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  $750 779 866 866 616 598  $706 755 845 845 615 600  $615 625 753 753 567 557  – – – – – –  $874 925 994 994 660 627  – – – – – –  2 3 – – 7 –  20 15 3 3 36 48  27 24 14 14 42 44  16 18 22 22 11 8  11 13 18 18 4 –  11 14 21 21 – –  7 8 13 13 – –  5 6 10 10 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  564 530 102 34  40.0 40.0 39.9 39.7  1,019 1,036 921 746  1,049 1,058 943 680  920 961 758 641  – – – –  1,138 1,146 1,071 897  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 2 3 56  9 8 32 15  9 9 11 15  14 15 12 9  27 28 30 6  23 25 12 –  12 12 – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  426 415 397 397 11  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,226 1,236 1,239 1,239 860  1,224 1,227 1,232 1,232 –  1,096 1,103 1,103 1,103 –  – – – – –  1,350 1,354 1,357 1,357 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 9  1 – – – 27  1 ( 3) – – 27  9 8 8 8 36  15 16 16 16 –  21 21 21 21 –  19 20 20 20 –  17 17 17 17 –  9 9 10 10 –  6 7 7 7 –  2 2 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  144 132 56  39.9 40.0 40.0  617 630 649  580 620 –  538 540 –  – – –  715 719 –  – – –  8 3 7  44 45 27  19 20 30  27 30 36  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  389 354 251 35  39.9 40.0 40.0 38.9  700 703 698 673  685 685 685 708  615 619 615 586  – – – –  762 762 769 755  – – – –  2 2 3 –  17 15 15 37  35 38 39 11  29 27 24 49  11 12 14 3  5 6 5 –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  331 297 74 74 223 34  39.8 39.8 39.7 39.7 39.8 39.6  823 829 832 832 828 778  817 826 – – 820 784  768 769 – – 779 718  – – – – – –  874 884 – – 872 825  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  11 9 23 23 4 24  30 27 18 18 30 50  40 43 31 31 47 21  13 14 16 16 13 6  5 6 11 11 4 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  217 203 131  39.9 40.0 39.9  924 925 919  923 923 923  864 866 868  – – –  981 981 981  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 5  6 6 8  29 28 28  41 43 39  17 16 19  3 3 2  – – –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  593 524 383 69  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.7  841 851 835 768  831 845 830 715  763 780 776 715  – – – –  919 924 900 805  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  5 4 5 12  33 30 33 57  32 33 34 17  20 21 19 10  9 10 7 4  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,301 2,202 1,767 99  39.9 39.9 39.9 38.5  928 928 898 945  921 920 897 960  842 840 816 864  – – – –  1,004 1,004 971 1,035  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 –  13 13 16 1  27 27 32 34  31 31 32 35  16 15 11 28  8 8 5 1  2 2 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  19  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 350 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  – $1,267 – 1,271 – 1,172 – 1,018  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  2 2 4 2  14 13 19 57  23 23 31 32  23 23 27 3  18 18 12 3  12 12 5 3  6 6 1 –  2 2 ( 3) –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  Middle range  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,130 2,070 1,070 60  39.9 40.0 39.9 39.4  $1,161 1,166 1,088 987  $1,145 1,152 1,080 926  $1,038 1,046 1,000 926  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  723 721  39.9 39.9  1,370 1,371  1,337 1,338  1,227 1,228  – –  1,481 1,481  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) –  4 4  14 14  23 23  22 22  14 14  11 11  7 7  2 2  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I .......................................................  309  40.0  1,163  1,131  1,004  –  1,318  –  –  –  –  ( 3)  6  17  18  20  10  14  7  3  3  ( 3)  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  296 284 267 12  39.9 40.0 40.0 38.8  1,418 1,428 1,417 1,195  1,381 1,389 1,373 –  1,224 1,236 1,226 –  – – – –  1,591 1,592 1,585 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 1 –  6 5 6 33  13 13 13 25  15 14 15 25  19 19 19 8  14 15 14 –  9 9 9 8  9 10 9 –  3 4 3 –  6 7 6 –  4 4 4 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Specialists Level I: State and local government ..................  8  40.0  532  –  –  –  –  –  25  75  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  525 484 237 41  39.9 39.9 39.8 39.8  747 757 642 627  705 731 615 566  580 587 569 560  – – – –  905 919 718 668  – – – –  6 7 10 –  23 20 34 56  20 20 30 20  11 10 12 17  14 15 12 7  14 15 3 –  9 10 – –  3 4 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  683 559 255 255 304 124  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.8  864 897 1,007 1,007 806 716  827 877 983 983 756 733  726 748 922 922 703 660  – – – – – –  985 1,022 1,115 1,115 874 788  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 – – – – 13  16 12 2 2 20 31  27 23 7 7 37 45  16 18 13 13 22 6  17 20 34 34 8 2  11 13 16 16 10 2  6 8 13 13 3 –  4 5 11 11 – –  1 2 4 4 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  571 486 202 202 284 85  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.7  1,076 1,109 1,167 1,167 1,067 888  1,058 1,087 1,162 1,162 1,058 856  933 977 1,039 1,039 949 856  – – – – – –  1,209 1,236 1,315 1,315 1,178 875  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 – – – – 4  2 2 1 1 2 4  19 10 10 10 10 73  15 17 7 7 25 4  23 24 17 17 30 12  14 16 21 21 12 2  12 14 15 15 13 –  8 9 17 17 4 2  4 5 6 6 4 –  2 2 5 5 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  557 536 129 21  40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  1,438 1,455 1,239 1,000  1,408 1,424 1,239 1,032  1,230 1,250 1,144 936  – – – –  1,633 1,650 1,283 1,032  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 1 4 48  6 4 12 48  12 12 17 5  18 19 46 –  10 10 10 –  12 13 6 –  10 10 4 –  9 9 2 –  7 8 – –  6 7 – –  7 7 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  20  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 and over  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  116 82 34  40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,043 1,104 895  $1,063 1,103 936  $945 1,027 779  – $1,136 – 1,190 – 955  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  11 2 32  1 1 –  31 16 68  22 30 –  19 27 –  11 16 –  5 7 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  55 15  40.0 39.8  1,363 1,144  – 1,036  – 1,032  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  – –  16 60  7 13  7 7  25 7  15 13  9 –  18 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – 1,264  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3  Less than 0.5 percent. 4 Workers were distributed as follows: 5 percent at $2,300 and under $2,400; 4 percent at $2,400 and under $2,500; 2 percent at $2,500 and under $2,600; and 3 percent at $2,600 and under $2,700. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  21  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  383 344 312 39  39.8 39.9 39.9 38.9  $499 498 491 509  $487 485 485 496  $442 442 444 465  – – – –  $552 542 538 567  5 5 6 –  1 1 1 –  5 6 4 –  17 17 16 21  29 29 32 31  16 18 18 5  14 12 13 38  5 6 6 5  1 1 2 –  2 3 3 –  3 3 ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  268 217 182 51  39.6 39.9 40.0 38.7  631 642 608 581  601 612 588 577  541 540 530 566  – – – –  675 699 657 628  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  1 1 1 –  3 3 4 4  22 23 26 20  19 17 19 31  22 18 20 41  11 13 15 2  5 6 5 –  3 4 3 2  1 1 1 –  3 4 – –  7 8 3 –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  130 35  39.7 39.0  752 676  734 673  673 673  – –  830 734  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 3  10 17  6 –  16 31  28 49  11 –  7 –  7 –  6 –  4 –  5 –  – –  Drafters Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  124 7  40.0 39.6  424 438  400 –  396 –  – –  448 –  – –  6 –  23 14  48 86  12 –  9 –  – –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II: State and local government ..................  25  40.0  527  521  521  –  521  –  –  –  –  12  80  –  –  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  545 524  40.0 40.0  698 702  694 697  651 655  – –  752 754  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  12 9  13 14  27 28  21 22  18 18  7 7  1 1  1 1  – –  – –  – –  Engineering Technicians Level III ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  780 769  40.0 40.0  746 748  762 762  664 669  – –  831 832  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  7 7  14 14  9 9  14 14  16 16  22 22  15 15  1 1  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  1,703 1,697  40.0 40.0  878 879  900 901  815 816  – –  952 952  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  4 4  6 6  10 10  11 11  17 17  25 25  19 19  7 7  ( 3) ( 3)  Level V ......................................................  1,389  40.0  996  1,010  930  –  1,073  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  ( 3)  –  3  3  6  5  13  14  41  16  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  35 35  40.0 40.0  457 457  466 466  418 418  – –  514 514  – –  17 17  6 6  14 14  23 23  40 40  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  74 70  40.0 40.0  517 521  – 519  – 486  – –  – 544  – –  – –  – –  4 1  31 30  47 50  14 14  3 3  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  203 197  40.0 40.0  636 640  656 656  582 582  – –  656 656  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  8 8  30 29  6 7  39 40  6 6  3 4  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  59 59  40.0 40.0  747 747  736 736  722 722  – –  750 750  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  64 64  20 20  14 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V ...................................................... State and local government ..................  13 13  40.0 40.0  799 799  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  85 85  15 15  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  22  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  978 978  40.0 40.0  $618 618  $662 662  $540 540  – –  $662 662  – –  – –  – –  4 4  5 5  21 21  15 15  2 2  42 42  – –  9 9  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters: State and local government ......................  852  49.3  689  736  664  –  736  –  –  2  1  –  1  13  7  18  59  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  4,909 4,811  40.0 40.0  691 693  736 736  600 600  – –  736 736  – –  – –  – –  7 7  2 2  4 3  11 9  10 10  1 1  49 50  2 2  1 1  11 11  2 3  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are  included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  23  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  Clerks, Accounting Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  781 714 142 142 572 67  39.7 39.9 39.7 39.7 39.9 38.6  $368 359 388 388 352 458  $360 358 360 360 351 466  $318 312 341 341 308 394  – – – – – –  $397 392 423 423 391 530  – – – – – –  2 2 – – 2 –  8 9 – – 11 –  5 6 4 4 6 –  27 29 32 32 29 3  33 33 39 39 32 27  12 11 12 12 11 18  6 6 1 1 7 10  5 2 8 8 1 37  1 1 4 4 – 4  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  987 569 419 418  39.7 39.9 39.9 39.5  494 464 453 534  506 468 450 560  420 400 394 515  – – – –  560 512 496 560  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 5 7 –  12 18 21 4  17 21 22 10  16 22 26 7  20 16 14 24  24 15 6 37  9 3 4 17  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  395 288 151 107  39.7 39.9 39.9 39.1  629 656 499 556  579 579 490 587  490 478 448 501  – – – –  682 928 548 591  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 3 –  10 13 25 1  17 14 27 23  13 12 23 16  24 15 17 48  6 8 3 1  6 3 3 11  1 1 – –  1 1 – –  4 5 – –  19 26 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  134 91  39.5 39.5  319 318  300 298  298 298  – –  335 335  – –  1 –  1 –  44 60  37 24  10 9  6 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  1,661 242  39.8 39.5  362 370  311 345  303 338  – –  366 395  – –  1 –  2 –  4 –  61 53  14 22  4 14  2 8  1 2  3 –  5 –  2 –  1 –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  2,331 1,330 214 214 1,001  39.7 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.5  441 401 592 592 494  422 342 600 600 510  332 332 433 433 436  – – – – –  515 416 753 753 560  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  32 54 1 1 1  11 12 10 10 9  19 17 22 22 21  9 6 8 8 14  12 1 5 5 27  11 ( 3) 2 2 24  2 1 4 4 3  1 2 9 9 –  ( 3) 1 4 4 –  3 5 29 29 –  ( 3) 1 5 5 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,906 1,274 396 396 878 632  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.8  543 567 635 635 537 493  512 560 641 641 519 477  466 453 539 539 417 476  – – – – – –  640 676 763 763 658 514  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  9 13 – – 18 2  12 12 7 7 14 12  28 12 9 9 14 59  12 11 15 15 9 14  9 8 12 12 6 11  8 10 8 8 11 3  11 16 10 10 19 1  6 8 10 10 8 –  6 9 27 27 1 –  1 1 2 2 ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  125 112 112  39.7 39.9 39.9  339 334 334  331 330 330  300 299 299  – – –  351 348 348  – – –  – – –  4 4 4  22 24 24  46 48 48  12 9 9  14 13 13  2 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  462 324 315 138  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  459 416 413 559  454 414 408 560  370 361 361 560  – – – –  560 455 454 560  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  8 11 12 –  24 34 34 –  17 24 24 –  17 23 23 2  4 4 4 3  28 1 1 92  2 1 1 3  1 1 1 –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  24  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  82 59 23  39.4 40.0 37.9  $466 443 526  $447 – 531  $400 – 482  – – –  $525 – 598  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  16 17 13  35 47 4  20 24 9  16 5 43  6 3 13  5 – 17  1 2 –  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  99 77 71 22  39.7 40.0 40.0 38.8  492 456 457 620  477 – – 654  424 – – 491  – – – –  501 – – 730  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  11 14 15 –  23 29 23 5  32 35 38 23  18 22 24 5  – – – –  4 – – 18  5 – – 23  6 – – 27  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  868 480 250 388  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  521 480 429 571  543 468 421 587  433 404 387 586  – – – –  587 534 462 587  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 2 –  12 22 33 –  15 22 35 6  10 17 18 1  15 22 12 7  42 6 ( 3) 86  2 4 – –  3 6 – –  ( 3) 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,540 1,211 1,199 329  39.8 40.0 40.0 39.0  508 489 490 579  502 490 491 628  450 446 448 485  – – – –  553 523 523 628  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  4 3 3 5  21 22 22 16  23 28 29 5  26 33 33 2  9 10 10 5  14 2 2 56  2 1 1 9  1 – – 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,318 1,877 714 441  39.6 39.9 39.8 38.2  631 642 557 585  608 640 542 600  531 529 490 564  – – – –  754 763 615 608  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  6 6 12 8  10 10 15 8  13 14 23 7  14 11 18 25  14 10 13 33  8 7 4 12  8 10 6 3  16 19 6 3  10 12 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  881 689 652 192  39.7 39.9 40.0 39.1  622 607 603 675  627 613 612 652  556 540 538 627  – – – –  673 650 650 739  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 –  7 9 10 –  15 18 17 3  15 17 18 6  17 12 12 35  29 31 32 23  9 5 3 24  3 4 4 1  3 2 2 7  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry: Service-producing industries ............  325  40.0  883  906  778  –  975  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  6  6  7  7  20  33  14  3  –  2  81  39.9  769  763  704  –  850  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  5  17  23  15  26  10  1  –  –  –  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  206 148 57 57 91 58  39.8 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.4  394 347 382 382 325 514  400 350 – – 320 507  327 300 – – 280 494  – – – – – –  494 400 – – 370 545  2 3 – – 4 –  1 2 – – 3 –  4 6 – – 10 –  8 11 – – 19 –  18 25 16 16 31 –  15 21 32 32 14 –  23 31 53 53 18 2  7 1 – – 1 24  17 – – – – 59  4 – – – – 16  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  25  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Word Processors Level I: State and local government ..................  13  40.0  $439  Level II ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  113 65  39.9 39.8  541 538  Median  – $560 –  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  – $470 –  – – –  – $596 –  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  –  –  –  –  –  31  23  38  8  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10 17  11 18  10 6  6 8  39 8  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  12 22  10 17  1 2  2 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  26  Table A-9. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 8.00 and under 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $14.15 – 13.74 – 13.74 – 16.84  3 6 6 –  1 1 1 –  2 3 3 –  5 10 10 –  1 2 2 –  8 15 15 –  3 4 4 1  1 2 2 1  7 1 1 14  18 22 23 14  2 3 3 1  18 27 27 8  14 2 2 27  1 1 – 1  11 – – 24  5 – – 10  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – – – –  21.99 21.99 21.99 21.99 21.75 21.84  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – 5  ( 2) ( 2) – – 2 ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – 6  1 ( 2) – – 4 6  1 1 – – 16 1  2 2 – – 32 1  3 1 – – 12 33  ( 2) – – – – 5  79 83 87 87 26 18  12 13 13 13 4 3  2 ( 2) – – 5 21  – – – – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  394 205 203 189  $13.18 11.88 11.84 14.59  $13.19 12.58 12.58 14.15  $12.34 10.50 10.50 12.73  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  3,412 3,161 2,998 2,998 163 251  21.75 21.87 22.00 22.00 19.48 20.22  21.98 21.98 21.98 21.98 18.77 19.69  21.90 21.90 21.90 21.90 18.16 19.47  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I: State and local government ..................  13  12.68  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  23  15  8  –  8  8  8  8  –  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  613 561 265 52  17.84 17.91 16.88 17.05  18.77 19.11 17.24 16.55  17.15 17.31 14.89 15.47  – – – –  19.30 19.30 19.19 18.77  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  1 1 2 –  ( 2) 1 1 –  3 3 6 2  1 1 3 2  7 6 13 15  6 5 10 17  6 6 12 13  21 22 15 6  7 5 11 29  46 49 27 12  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 2  ( 2) – – 2  ( 2) ( 2) – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  113 106 97 7  19.90 20.01 19.78 18.28  19.98 20.08 20.18 –  18.46 18.65 18.49 –  – – – –  21.14 21.14 21.14 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  5 4 4 29  7 8 8 –  23 21 23 57  16 17 12 –  20 22 24 –  17 17 19 14  6 7 7 –  2 2 2 –  3 3 – –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  273 256 17  18.51 18.55 17.95  17.01 18.21 17.01  15.23 15.23 17.01  – – –  21.77 21.77 19.18  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  44 47 –  3 3 –  4 – 59  – – –  4 2 41  2 2 –  28 30 –  15 16 –  – – –  – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  2,111 1,995 1,897 1,897 116  21.31 21.62 21.75 21.75 15.92  21.90 21.90 21.90 21.90 16.37  21.77 21.77 21.77 21.77 15.72  – – – – –  21.98 21.98 21.98 21.98 16.37  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – 1  1 – – – 12  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – 2  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – 5  1 ( 2) – – 15  3 1 1 1 48  2 2 2 2 3  2 1 – – 14  2 3 – – –  1 1 1 1 –  85 90 94 94 –  1 2 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,252 1,123 720 720 403 1,129  18.06 20.38 20.95 20.95 19.36 15.74  16.51 21.65 21.68 21.68 19.82 15.45  15.45 19.82 21.65 21.65 19.59 15.42  – – – – – –  21.65 21.68 21.68 21.68 21.56 15.45  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  1 – – – – 2  43 5 6 6 3 81  7 7 – – 19 7  3 2 3 3 1 3  4 2 2 2 ( 2) 6  11 21 7 7 46 1  1 2 – – 4 –  31 62 82 82 25 –  ( 2) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  27  Table A-9. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 8.00 and under 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $21.73 – 21.73 – 21.73 – 21.73 – 22.30  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 6  ( 2) – – – 13  7 7 7 7 50  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  91 91 92 92 –  2 1 1 1 31  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – –  16 16 16 16  – – – –  83 83 83 83  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  Middle range  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  1,586 1,570 1,559 1,559 16  $21.48 21.50 21.52 21.52 19.28  $21.73 21.73 21.73 21.73 18.20  $21.65 21.65 21.65 21.65 18.20  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  3,244 3,243 3,243 3,243  21.50 21.51 21.51 21.51  21.98 21.98 21.98 21.98  21.92 21.92 21.92 21.92  21.99 21.99 21.99 21.99  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  28  Table A-10. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Detroit, MI, January 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  – $19.63 – 19.63 – 19.63 – 19.63  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 1  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  1 1 1 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  3 3 3 3  10.98  –  11.66  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  12.05 12.13 11.95 12.05  – – – –  14.60 15.53 14.57 14.48  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  9.87 8.87 18.29 18.29 8.50 13.51  7.85 6.00 18.29 18.29 5.57 10.77  – – – – – –  14.17 12.38 18.32 18.32 9.37 14.54  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  12 17 – – 22 –  5 7 – – 10 –  2 2 – – 3 –  1 2 – – 3 –  2 2 – – 3 ( 2)  4 4 3 3 4 2  17.35 17.35  18.53 18.53  18.48 18.48  – –  18.82 18.82  – –  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  265  11.22  10.40  8.32  –  15.49  –  –  –  –  2  1  Truckdrivers Light Truck ................................................ Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  296 233 233 63  11.99 12.04 12.04 11.79  12.04 12.06 12.06 11.57  10.35 10.07 10.07 10.35  – – – –  14.16 14.37 14.37 12.19  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  1,816 1,815 376 376  16.37 16.37 17.37 17.37  15.86 15.86 20.00 20.00  15.70 15.70 11.00 11.00  – – – –  19.60 19.60 20.67 20.67  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Warehouse Specialists .............................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,176 1,081 386 95  15.37 15.61 12.69 12.54  16.13 18.10 12.80 13.21  12.70 12.80 9.39 10.49  – – – –  18.92 18.92 15.38 14.23  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Mean  Median  4,138 4,138 3,363 3,363  $17.57 17.57 17.51 17.51  $18.81 18.81 18.66 18.66  $18.66 18.66 18.66 18.66  Guards Level I: State and local government ..................  176  11.35  11.42  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,043 804 744 239  13.58 13.58 13.41 13.57  13.80 13.80 13.80 14.14  Janitors ........................................................ 10,165 Private industry ......................................... 7,156 Goods-producing industries .................. 1,608 Manufacturing ................................... 1,608 Service-producing industries ................ 5,548 State and local government ...................... 3,009  10.90 10.16 17.23 17.23 8.12 12.66  Material Handling Laborers ....................... Private industry .........................................  654 654  Shipping/Receiving Clerks: Private industry: Service-producing industries ................  Forklift Operators ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  Middle range  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00  5 5 5 5  ( 2) ( 2) – –  –  2  31  60  2  5  1 1 2 –  5 6 7 –  3 4 4 ( 2)  10 12 13 4  17 13 14 31  15 19 20 2  3 4 – – 5 1  9 12 – – 16 ( 2)  13 17 7 7 20 1  13 5 – – 7 32  1 1 – – 1 3  2 1 1 1 2 ( ) 5  8 ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 28  2 2  ( 2) ( 2)  3 3  2 2  5 5  – –  – –  3  10  14  6  7  14  8  – – – –  1 1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  7 9 9 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  5 6 6 3  15 12 12 25  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 3 –  1 1 3 –  2 2 6 –  1 1 3 –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  2 2 5 –  2 2 7 –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  1 1 1 1  1 1 ( 2) ( 2)  27 27 33 33  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  4 4 2 2  8 8 10 10  – – – –  49 49 42 42  – – – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  26 16 17 62  12 15 8 –  7 9 9 –  1 1 1 –  2 2 2 –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  5 ( 2) – – ( 2) 15  2 3 ( 2) ( 2) 3 –  4 1 2 2 ( 2) 12  ( 2) 1 – – 1 –  14 20 84 84 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2)  1 1  – –  – –  – –  85 85  1 1  – –  – –  5  2  –  29  –  –  –  –  –  –  21 15 15 43  24 28 28 10  ( 2) – – 2  16 16 16 14  8 10 10 3  – – – –  2 2 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 7 7  12 12 23 23  ( 2) ( 2) – –  3 3 – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  47 47 – –  4 4 4 4  2 2 4 4  3 3 – –  14 14 3 3  13 13 60 60  – – – –  7 4 12 40  6 6 1 2  13 13 26 5  5 3 – 25  5 3 – 27  5 5 9 –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 –  40 44 24 –  10 11 – –  – – – –  – – – –  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  29  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Detroit, MI Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Detroit, MI Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from October 1995 through April 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of January 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of January 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Detroit, MI Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (December 1991). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum.  A-1  If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent.  combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals. The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 11.4 percent of the sample establishments (representing 158,814 employees covered by the survey). An additional 6.6 percent of the sample establishments (representing 53,331 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey.  Percent of published occupational work levels 10.6 64.4 20.0 5.0  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the A-2  reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys. Approximately 4 percent of the 917 sampled job match decisions reviewed by the JMV reviewers and checked with the respondents were subsequently changed by the JMV reviewers. These results are from a similar survey conducted in 1993, see Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Detroit, MI, BLS Bulletin 3070-75.  sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency,  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  A-3  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Detroit, MI1, January 1996 Number of establishments Industry  division2  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied Number  Percent  ALL ESTABLISHMENTS All divisions ...................................................................................  3,910  256  1,254,262  100  461,755  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Construction5 .............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ................................................. Wholesale trade7 ........................................................ Retail trade7 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate7 .......................... Services7 ....................................................................  3,663 1,092 961 131 2,571  224 65 58 7 159  1,064,582 369,625 356,098 13,527 694,957  85 29 28 1 55  368,154 178,067 177,008 1,059 190,087  184 338 686 236 1,127  19 13 26 19 82  62,525 43,351 186,857 81,865 320,359  5 3 15 7 26  18,563 4,809 57,679 33,455 75,581  State and local government ....................................................  247  32  189,680  15  93,601  ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING 500 WORKERS OR MORE All divisions ...................................................................................  313  81  747,081  100  431,012  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ................................................. Retail trade7 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate7 .......................... Services7 ....................................................................  237 57 57 180  66 14 14 52  593,944 202,844 202,844 391,100  80 27 27 52  340,802 167,852 167,852 172,950  14 54 22 83  6 12 7 25  36,052 124,391 57,626 164,729  5 17 8 22  15,957 56,116 31,840 65,390  State and local government ....................................................  76  15  153,137  20  90,210  1 The Detroit Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through October 1984, consists of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In goods producing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the  same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within an area) at or above the minimum limitations. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-4
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