View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
2200 N. PEARL ST.
DALLAS, TX 75201-2272

June 11, 2003
Notice 03-30
TO:

The Chief Operating Officer of each
financial institution and others concerned
in the Eleventh Federal Reserve District
SUBJECT
Operating Hours for the Online Fedwire® Funds Service Expanded
DETAILS

The Federal Reserve Board has announced the expansion of the operating hours for the online Fedwire® Funds Service from eighteen hours to twenty-one and one-half hours each business day.
The new opening time will be 9 p.m. Eastern time for on-line funds transfers with a business date of the
following calendar day. The closing time for the service will remain at 6:30 p.m.
The Board believes that further expansion of Fedwire operating hours will support the smooth
functioning and continued development of the payments system, and improve efficiency and reduce risk
in conducting U.S. dollar payments and settlements. Fedwire participants will not be required to change
their current hours of participation in the service. The expansion of hours for the on-line Fedwire Funds
Service will not affect the operating hours for the origination of off-line funds transfers or telephone
advice of credit, and will not affect the operating hours for the Fedwire Securities Service.
ATTACHMENT
A copy of the Board’s notice as it appears on pages 28826–28, Vol. 68, No. 101 of the Federal Register dated May 27, 2003, is attached.
MORE INFORMATION
For more information, please contact Jack K. Walton II, Assistant Director, at (202)
452-2660, or Lorna R. Prosper–Harley, Senior Financial Services Analyst, at (202) 452-2690, Division of
Reserve Bank Operations and Payment Systems, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
Paper copies of this notice or previous Federal Reserve Bank notices can be printed from our web site at
www.dallasfed.org/banking/notices/index.html.
Sincerely,

For additional copies, bankers and others are encouraged to use one of the following toll-free numbers in contacting the Federal
Reserve Bank of Dallas: Dallas Office (800) 333-4460; El Paso Branch Intrastate (800) 592-1631, Interstate (800) 351-1012;
Houston Branch Intrastate (800) 392-4162, Interstate (800) 221-0363; San Antonio Branch Intrastate (800) 292-5810.

28826

Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 101 / Tuesday, May 27, 2003 / Notices

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
[Docket No. R–1138]

Expansion of the Operating Hours for
the On–Line Fedwire Funds Service
AGENCY: Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System.
ACTION: Notice.
SUMMARY: The Board has approved the
expansion of the operating hours for the
on–line Fedwire Funds Service from
eighteen hours to twenty–one and one–
half hours each business day.1 The new
opening time will be 9 p.m. eastern time
for on–line funds transfers with a
business date of the following calendar
day.2 The closing time for the service
will remain at 6:30 p.m. The Board
believes that further expansion of
Fedwire operating hours will support
the smooth functioning and continued
development of the payments system,
and improve efficiency and reduce risk
in conducting U.S. dollar payments and
settlements. Fedwire participants will
not be required to change their current
hours of participation in the service.
The expansion of hours for the on–line
Fedwire Funds Service will not affect
the operating hours for the origination
of off–line funds transfers or telephone
advice of credit, and will not affect the
1 The current Fedwire business day begins at
12:30 am and ends at 6:30 pm. All references to
Fedwire apply to the on–line Fedwire Funds
Service unless otherwise noted. Fedwire is a
registered servicemark of the Federal Reserve
Banks.
2 All references are to eastern time.

VerDate Jan<31>2003

18:10 May 23, 2003

Jkt 200001

PO 00000

Frm 00019

Fmt 4703

Sfmt 4703

E:\FR\FM\27MYN1.SGM

27MYN1

Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 101 / Tuesday, May 27, 2003 / Notices
operating hours for the Fedwire
Securities Service.
DATES: IMPLEMENTATION
TIMEFRAME: Second quarter 2004.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jack
K. Walton II, Assistant Director (202/
452–2660), James K. Owens, Manager
(202/728–5848), or Lorna R. Prosper–
Harley, Senior Financial Services
Analyst (202/452–2690), Division of
Reserve Bank Operations and Payment
Systems, Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System; for users of
Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf
(TDD) only, contact 202/263–4869.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I.
Background. On December 19, 2002, the
Board published for comment a
proposal to expand the operating hours
for the Federal Reserve Banks’ on–line
Fedwire Funds Service (67 FR 77786).
The impetus for the proposal was
industry requests to achieve greater
overlap of U.S. wholesale payments
system operating hours with those of the
Asia–Pacific markets, including
Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, and New
Zealand. The Board has carefully
reviewed the proposal and comments
received, and has approved the
proposal. After implementation of the
new hours, the Fedwire operating hours
will overlap the operating hours of
major Asia–Pacific large–value
payments systems by an additional
three and one–half hours.3 The Federal
Reserve Banks expect to test with
participants beginning in the third
quarter of 2003 and will implement
these hours in the second quarter of
2004. The exact testing and
implementation dates will be
announced by the Federal Reserve
Banks’ Wholesale Product Office at least
sixty days in advance and published on
the Federal Reserve Financial Services
web site at www.frbservices.org.
II. Summary of Comments
The Board requested comment on
whether the opening time for Fedwire
should be changed from 12:30 a.m. to 9
p.m the previous calendar date or
whether another opening time would be
preferable. In addition, the Board was
interested in commenters’ views
regarding the business, market, risk
management, and operational issues
that should be considered in evaluating
the advantages and disadvantages of a 9
p.m. to 6:30 p.m. Fedwire business
day.4
3 Under current hours, the Fedwire operating
hours overlap the operating hours of major Asia–
Pacific large–value payments systems by four to five
and one half hours.
4 The Reserve Bank and Fedwire business days
include all days except the following standard
holidays that are observed by the Reserve Banks: all

VerDate Jan<31>2003

18:10 May 23, 2003

Jkt 200001

Eighteen comments were received in
response to the Board’s request. These
commenters included four credit
unions, four state banks, three national
banks, two Federal Reserve Banks, one
clearing house, and four trade
associations. The majority of
commenters generally supported an
expansion of the Fedwire operating
hours. Only two commenters did not
support an expansion of operating
hours. One of the two contended that
the previous expansion of Fedwire
operating hours in 1997, coupled with
the availability of Continuous Linked
Settlement (CLS) services in 2002, has
already significantly lowered settlement
risk in foreign exchange markets.
Consequently, this commenter believes
that a stronger business case for further
expansion of Fedwire hours is needed to
justify the additional costs depository
institutions could incur in adopting an
earlier Fedwire opening time. The
second commenter did not believe that
there was any need to expand the
operating hours of Fedwire at this time.
After considering these concerns, the
Board has concluded that they are
outweighed by the expected benefits
from the expansion of Fedwire
operating hours. This conclusion, in
part, is based on the fact that
participation during the early hours is
voluntary and that a large majority of
commenters support the expansion of
operating hours.
Two additional commenters
supported the Board’s proposal, but also
noted that the Board’s stated goal of
assisting institutions operating in
multiple time zones would better serve
their needs if the Fedwire closing time
were expanded to 9 p.m. and the
opening time for the next business day
remained at 12:30 a.m. The vast
majority of commenters, however,
supported an earlier Fedwire opening.
Thus, the Board concluded that there is
significantly greater demand at this time
for an earlier opening of Fedwire than
for a later close.
Commenters expressed technical
concerns with the Board’s proposal in
three primary areas – end–of–day
procedures, extensions, and account
balance information.
A. End–of–day Procedures
Saturdays, all Sundays, New Year’s Day (January 1),
Martin Luther King’s Birthday (third Monday in
January), President’s Day (third Monday in
February), Memorial Day (last Monday in May),
Independence Day (July 4), Labor Day (first Monday
in September), Columbus Day (second Monday in
October), Veterans’ Day (November 11),
Thanksgiving Day (fourth Thursday in November),
and Christmas Day (December 25). If January 1, July
4, November 11, or December 25 fall on a Sunday,
the next following Monday is a standard Reserve
Bank holiday.

PO 00000

Frm 00020

Fmt 4703

Sfmt 4703

28827

Two commenters indicated that the
period of two and one–half hours
between the scheduled close of Fedwire
and the proposed open of Fedwire for
the next business day might not be
sufficient to complete necessary end–
of–day processing and procedures.
Because participation in the expanded
hours is voluntary, the Board believes
that depository institutions will be able
to adjust their participation in Fedwire
to allow sufficient time for their end–of–
day activities.
B. Extensions
Five commenters expressed concern
that the decreased interim period
between the close and open of Fedwire
would restrict the Federal Reserve
Banks’ flexibility in granting extensions
to the Fedwire business day. These
commenters want the Federal Reserve
Banks to retain the flexibility to grant
extensions on a case–by–case basis to
help mitigate substantial market
disruptions, if they occur. Further, these
commenters believe that the Federal
Reserve Banks should encourage key
Fedwire participants to minimize or
eliminate the need for extensions of
processing deadlines, except in extreme
circumstances. The Federal Reserve
Banks intend to continue to grant
extensions according to published
criteria.5 In general, the Federal Reserve
Banks will work to maintain a two–hour
interim period between the close and
open of Fedwire each business day.6
C. Account Balance Information
Three commenters expressed concern
that depository institutions’ Federal
Reserve account balances may not
reflect all of the previous day’s payment
activity at the proposed 9 p.m. open of
Fedwire. These commenters note that
the use of provisional, rather than final,
account balances could adversely affect
the risk management practices of those
institutions participating in the earlier
hours. One commenter suggested further
that transactions that cannot be posted
by the close of Fedwire should be
posted to accounts the following
business day. The Federal Reserve
Banks are analyzing the sources of late
5 The criteria for granting extensions can be found
in Federal Reserve Operating Circular 6. Operating
Circulars are available at www.frbservices.org.
6 This two–hour period is based upon discussions
between the Wholesale Product Office and industry
participants regarding participants’ current end–of–
day processing limitations and is subject to future
change. In some cases involving a delayed close of
Fedwire, in order to maintain a two–hour interim
period, the Wholesale Product Office may need to
delay the opening of Fedwire for the next business
day. In extreme circumstances, however, the
Federal Reserve Banks may need the flexibility to
shorten the interim time period. Further, in the long
term, the Federal Reserve Banks may have to
reevaluate their extension policy to sustain the
ability to open Fedwire timely.

E:\FR\FM\27MYN1.SGM

27MYN1

28828

Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 101 / Tuesday, May 27, 2003 / Notices

postings to Federal Reserve accounts
and will take appropriate steps to
reduce the number and value of these
postings, particularly debits to accounts,
where possible.
III. Implementation
A. Fedwire Funds Service Business
Day and Operating Hours
As a result of expanded Fedwire
hours, the Federal Reserve Banks’ funds
transfer business day will begin with the
opening of Fedwire at 9 p.m. on the
previous calendar day. For example,
Fedwire will open at 9 p.m. on Sunday
night for transactions dated the
following Monday. The closing time for
the Fedwire will remain at 6:30 p.m.
The service will be available for
business days Monday through Friday,
except for specified holidays observed
by the Federal Reserve Banks.
B. Notification of Participation
One Fedwire participant indicated
that it would find a listing of depository
institutions that plan to participate
during the early hours useful. This
participant stated that this information
would be helpful in assessing whether
it would be beneficial to use its intraday
liquidity to initiate certain Fedwire
funds transfers during the early hours.
The Federal Reserve Banks’ Wholesale
Product Office will consider providing a
list of early hour participants on the
Federal Reserve Financial Services web
site at www.frbservices.org.
C. Fees for Transfers Made During
Early Hours
During the new 9 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.
business hours, transaction fees for
Fedwire funds transfers will be charged
at the same level and in the same
manner as transfers made during the
current 12:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. business
hours.
D. Intraday Credit
Under expanded hours, Federal
Reserve intraday credit will be provided
to Fedwire participants in the same
manner and on the same terms that such
credit is currently provided. While the
calculation of the daylight overdraft fee
will be adjusted to reflect the expanded
Fedwire operating hours, the fee
assessed for the use of intraday credit
will not change for an overdraft of a
given size and duration.7
7; While the effective annual rate charged on
daylight overdrafts would change from 27 basis
points under an 18–hour Fedwire operating day to
32.25 basis points under a 21.5–hour Fedwire
operating day, the annual rate charged on daylight
overdrafts would remain at 36 basis points. This
increase in the effective annual rate will not lead
to an increase in fees for daylight overdrafts of a
given size and duration because there will be an
offsetting increase in the number of minutes used
to calculate average daylight overdrafts. An
example of the daylight overdraft fee calculation is
available at http://www.federalreserve.gov/
paymentsystems/psr/overview.pdf.

E. Monetary Control and Reserve
Management
The Board believes that an expansion
of Fedwire operating hours will not
affect the current process of reserve
management for depository institutions.
Because there is a sufficient break in
time between Fedwire operating days to
allow for measuring reserve holdings,
the earlier opening time will not pose
monetary measurement and control
issues for the Federal Reserve.
IV. Competitive Impact Analysis
All operational and legal changes
considered by the Board that have a
substantial effect on payments system
participants are subject to the
competitive impact analysis described
in the March 1990 policy statement
‘‘The Federal Reserve in the Payments
System.’’8 Under this policy, the Board
assesses whether the proposed change
would have a direct and material
adverse effect on the ability of other
service providers to compete effectively
with the Reserve Banks in providing
similar services, due to differing legal
powers or constraints or due to a
dominant market position of the Federal
Reserve deriving from such legal
differences.
The Board has concluded that the
expansion of Fedwire operating hours
would not have a direct and material
adverse effect on the ability of
competitors to compete effectively with
the Reserve Banks. The Reserve Banks
are the only providers of real–time gross
settlement of funds transfers in central
bank money in the United States. The
main alternative provider of large–value
funds transfer services, and a number of
depository institutions, have provided
comments noting the advantages to
them of expanding Fedwire operating
hours. In particular, these organizations
believe that the expansion of the
Fedwire operating hours will allow
them to enhance the finality of the U.S.
dollar payment and settlement services
they are able to provide internationally.
By order of the Board of Governors of
the Federal Reserve System, May 21,
2003.
Jennifer J. Johnson,
Secretary of the Board
[FR Doc. 03–13148 Filed 5–23–03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6210–01–S

8

Federal Reserve Regulatory Service 7-145.2.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102