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Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1984
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1984
U.S. Department of Labor
William E. Brock, Secretary
‘Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
May 1986
Bulletin 2259




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government P rinting Office
Washington, I).C. 20402




Preface

Data for this publication were collected in accordance
with the provisions of the Occupational Safety and
Health Act of 1970. Estimates represent the injury and
illness experience of employers in private sector
establishments for 1983 and 1984. Report forms were
mailed to employers in the year following the reference
year of each survey.
This bulletin was prepared in the Office of Occupa­
tional Safety and Health Statistics, William M.
Eisenberg, Acting Associate Commissioner, under the
direction of John Inzana by Elyce Anne Biddle, Diane M.




Cotter, Beverly Gray, Janet Macon, and Chao Ling
Wang of the Division of Periodic Surveys. Data were
collected and tabulated in the Office of Survey Process­
ing in cooperation with the regional offices of the
Bureau of Labor Statistics and the State agencies which
received Federal funds for participating in the Annual
Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses.
Material in this publication is in the public domain
and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced
without permission.




Contents

Page

Definitions......................................................................................................................................

1

Total injuries and illnesses.............................................................................................................
Incidence rates.........................................................................................................................
Number of injuries and illnesses............................................................................................

2
2
2

Injuries.............................................................................................................................................. 2
Incidence rates......................................................................................................................... 3
Number of injuries................................................................................................................. 3
Illnesses ..........................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates.........................................................................................................................
Number of cases.....................................................................................................................
Distribution patterns...............................................................................................................

3
4
4
4

Worktime lo s t.................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates.........................................................................................................................
Number of lost worktime cases..............................................................................................
Lost workdays........................................................................................................................

4
4
4
5

Fatalities..........................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates.........................................................................................................................
Number of fatalities...............................................................................................................
Objects or events associated with fatalities.............................................................................

5
5
5
5

Structural and cyclical changes affecting injuries and illnesses....................................................

6

Text tables:
1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates per 100 full-time workers, 1972-84........
2. Industries with the highest occupational injury and illness rates in 1984 and
percent change from 1983 ................................................................................................
3. Percent distribution of recordable occupational illnesses by category of illness,
1980-84 .............................................................................................................................
4. Number and rate of occupational fatalities for employers with 11 employees
or more, 1974-84 .............................................................................................................
5. Number and rate of occupational fatalities for employers with 11 employees or
more, by industry division, 1983 and1984 .......................................................................
Tables:
1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 ...................
2. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays by
industry division, 1983 and 1984 ....................................................................................
3. Occupational injury incidence rates byindustry, 1983 and 1984 .....................................
4. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry division and employment
size, 1983 and 1984...........................................................................................................
5. Occupational injury incidence rates for lost workday cases by industry,
1983 and 1984...................................................................................................................
6. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses by industry, 1984....................................
7. Occupational illness incidence rates by industry and category of illness, 1984 ...............




2
3
4
5
6
7
22
23
38
39
41
43

Contents—Continued
Page

Tables—Continued
8. Number of occupational illnesses by industry division and category of illness, 1984...
9. Employment and occupational injury and illness fatalities for
employers with 11 employees or more by industry division, 1983 and 1984 ............
10. Distribution of fatalities by cause: Occupational injury and illness
fatalities for employers with 11 employees or more, average 1983-84 .....................
11. Distribution of fatalities by industry division: Occupational injury and
illness fatalities for employers with 11 employees or more, average 1983-84 ..........
Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey.............................................................................................
Tables:
A-l. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses
and occupational injuries by industry, 1984 ......................................................
A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses by industry, 1984...
A-3. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses by
industry and category of illness, 1984 ................................................................
A-4. Relative standard errors for occupational injury and illness fatalities for
employers with 11 employees or more by industry division, 1984 ...................
B. Incidence rates for safety management.............................................................................
C. OSH A No. 200S report form and instructions ................................................................




vi

47
48
49
50

51

53
68
71
74
75
76

Definitions

are the number of
workdays (consecutive or not) on which the employee
would have worked but could not because of occupa­
tional injury or illness.

The definitions of occupational injuries and illnesses
and lost workdays are from R e c o rd k e e p in g R eq u ire­

L o s t w o rk d a y s— a w a y f r o m w o rk

m e n ts u n der th e O ccu p a tio n a l S a fe ty a n d H ea lth A c t
o f 1970.

are the number
of workdays (consecutive or not) on which, because of
injury or illness:
1. The employee was assigned to another job on a
temporary basis; or
2. The employee worked at a permanent job less than
full time; or
3. The employee worked at a permanently assigned
job but could not perform all duties normally connected
with it.

R e c o rd a b le o c c u p a tio n a l in ju ries a n d illnesses are:

L o s t w o rk d a y s— re stric te d w o rk a c tiv ity

1. Occupational deaths, regardless of the time be­
tween injury and death, or the length of the illness; or
2. Nonfatal occupational illnesses; or
3. Nonfatal occupational injuries which involve one
or more of the following: Loss of consciousness, restric­
tion of work or motion, transfer to another job, or
medical treatment (other than first aid).
O ccu p a tio n a l in ju ry is any injury such as a cut, fracture,
sprain, amputation, etc., which results from a work ac­
cident or from exposure involving a single incident in
the work environment.

T he n u m b er o f d a y s a w a y f r o m w o rk o r d a y s o f
re stric te d w o rk a c tiv ity does not include the day of in­

jury or onset of illness or any days on which the
employee would not have worked even though able to
work.

O ccu p a tio n a l illness is any abnormal condition or
disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational
injury, caused by exposure to environmental factors
associated with employment. It includes acute and
chronic illnesses or disease which may be caused by in­
halation, absorption, ingestion, or direct contact.

represent the number of injuries and/or
illnesses or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and
were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000 where:

In cid en ce ra tes

are cases which involve days away
from work, or days of restricted work activity, or both.
1. L o s t w o rk d a y cases in vo lvin g d a y s a w a y f r o m
w o rk are those cases which result in days away from
work, or a combination of days away from work and
days of restricted work activity.
2. L o s t w o rk d a y cases in vo lvin g re stric te d w o rk a c­
tiv ity are those cases which result in restricted work ac­
tivity only.
L o s t w o rk d a y cases




N

= number of injuries and/or illnesses or lost
workdays.
EH
= total hours worked by all employees
during calendar year.
200,000 = base for 100 full-time equivalent work­
ers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks
per year).

1

Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses, 1984

Total Injuries and Illnesses

As in the past, meatpacking plants (S I C 2011), mobile
homes (sic 2451), and structural wood members, ex­
perienced the highest injury and illness incidence rates in
the private sector (text table 2). Of the 10 industries with
the highest injury and illness incidence rates, two ex­
perienced a decline in rates from the 1983 levels. Struc­
tural wood members, n.e.c. declined by 4 percent, and
self-contained mobile homes (sic 3716) declined by 2
percent. Both industries maintained their 1983 rank
order. The largest overall increase in the rates—just
over 70 percent in 1983—occurred in hoists, cranes, and
monorails (sic 3536). This industry jumped to 8th place
in 1984 from 119th place in 1983. The 10 industries in
this list were from the manufacturing division.

Incidence rates (per 100 full-time workers)

For every 100 full-time workers in the private sector
in 1984, eight injuries or illnesses were reported, for an
incidence rate of 8.0. This estimate was based on reports
of work-related cases resulting in death, diagnosed ill­
ness, and those injuries requiring medical treatment
beyond first-aid. It represents the experience of approx­
imately 79 million workers throughout the private sector
of the U.S. economy. Farms with fewer than 11
employees were not included in this estimate.
The rise in the injury and illness incidence rate for all
industries from 1983 to 1984 was about 5 percent. (See
text table 1 for rates.) Although the 1984 rate is counter
to the general downward trend since 1979, it is below the
rates of all years prior to 1982. Moreover, the rate has
decreased by nearly 40 percent since the record high of
11.0 in 1973.

Number of injuries and illnesses

During 1984, there were approximately 5.4 million in­
cidents of occupational injuries and illnesses. This is an
increase of 12 percent over the 1983 figure of about 4.9
million. The largest increase in total cases was in the
mining division. The smallest increase occurred in the
finance, insurance, and real estate division. The goodsproducing sector saw an increase of 13 percent over
1983 while the service-producing sector experienced a
10-percent increase in total cases.
The goods-producing sector contributed roughly onehalf of the total cases while employing about one-third
of the private sector workers. The manufacturing divi­
sion alone accounted for about 40 percent of these cases
while having 25 percent of the workers. On the other
hand, slightly less than half of all injury and illness cases
occurred in the service-producing sector, which
employed nearly 70 percent of the workforce in 1984.
As in years past, the majority of cases were injuries.
Illness cases constituted only 2 percent of the total
number of cases estimated for 1984. The largest propor­
tion of illness cases was in agriculture, forestry, and
fishing and in manufacturing, each having about 4 per­
cent. The smallest was in wholesale and retail trade with
less than 1 percent.

Text table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence
rates per 100 full-time workers, 1972-841
Injuries and illnesses
Year

1972 ....................
1973 ....................
1974 ....................
1975 ....................
1976 ....................
1977 ....................
19782 ..................
19792 ..................
1980 ....................
1981....................
1982 ....................
19832 ..................
19842 ..................

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

10.9
11.0
10.4
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
8.7
8.3
7.7
7.6
8.0

3.3
3.4
3.5
3.3
3.5
3.8
4.1
4.3
4.0
3.8
3.5
3.4
3.7

7.6
7.5
6.9
5.8
5.7
5.5
5.3
5.2
4.7
4.5
4.2
4.2
4.3

47.9
53.3
54.6
56.1
60.5
61.6
63.5
67.7
65.2
61.7
58.7
58.5
63.4

1The incidence rates represent the number of injuries or lost workdays per
100 full-time workers. See definitions for method of calculation.
2To maintain the comparability of the survey data for these years with the
rest of the series, a statistical method was developed for generating the
estimates to represent small nonfarm employers in low-risk industries who
were not surveyed.

Injuries
An occupational injury is any injury which results
from a work-related accident or from exposure involv­
ing a single incident in the work environment. All in-

NOTE: Data for 1972 did not include estimates for agricultural production,
railroads, and most of mining. Data for 1975-84 exclude farms with fewer
than 11 employees.




2

Text table 2. Industries with the highest injury and illness incidence rates in 1984 and percent change from 1983
1984

Percent

Industry

SIC

code1

2011
2451
2439
2452
3716
3581
3261
3536
3316
3031

1983

Rank

Incidence
rate 2

Rank

Incidence
rate 2

change

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

33.4
30.7
24.8
26.6
24.9
24.6
24.4
24.1
22.9
22.8

1
2
3
7
5
18
19
119
29
22

31.4
29.8
28.5
22.1
25.5
19.6
19.5
14.1
18.8
19.3

6.4
3.0
-13.0
20.4
-2.4
25.5
25.1
70.9
21.8
18.1

Meatpacking plants
Mobile hom es.............................................
Structural wood members, n.e.c.................
Prefabricated wood
Self-contained mobile homes
Automatic merchandising machines
Vitreous plumbing fixtures
Hoists, cranes, and monorails ..................
Cold finishing of steel shapes....................
Reclaimed rubber.......................................

'S t a n d a r d In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l,

1972 Edition, and

per 100 full-time workers. See definitions for method of calculation.

1977

S u p p le m e n t.

l The incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

one-fifth of the total. In construction, the increase was
primarily among general building contractors (sic 15)
and special trade contractors (sic 17). Most of the in­
crease in the manufacturing division was related to in­
creases in the following durable goods industries:
Fabricated metal products (sic 34), machinery, except
electrical (sic 35), electric and electronic equipment (sic
36), and transportation equipment (Sic 37).
In the service-producing sector, the number of injury
cases rose by 236,000 in 1984. About 60 percent of the
increase came from seven industries—trucking and
warehousing (sic 42), transportation by air (sic 45),
wholesale trade in durable goods (sic 50), food stores
(sic 54), eating and drinking places (sic 58), hotels and
other lodging places (sic 70), and business services (Sic
73).
The manufacturing industry accounted for the largest
proportion of all occupational injury cases, nearly 40
percent, while contributing about 25 percent of the total
hours worked. Within manufacturing, almost twothirds of all injury cases were in durable goods in­
dustries. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing; mining; and
finance, insurance, and real estate each contributed less
than 2 percent of the total number of occupational in­
jury cases.

juries involving death, lost worktime, restriction of
work or motion, loss of consciousness, transfer to
another job, or medical treatment other than first aid
are recorded.
Incidence rates (per 100 full-time workers)

Occupational injuries occurred at a rate of 7.8 cases
per 100 full-time workers during 1984. Finance, in­
surance, and real estate continued to experience the
lowest incidence rate, 1.9. Construction, with a rate of
15.4, continued as the highest industry division. Injury
rates in all industry divisions rose except for agriculture,
forestry, and fishing and for finance, insurance, and
real estate, which remained the same. The largest in­
crease—14 percent—occurred in the mining division.
The goods-producing sector (agriculture, forestry, and
fishing; mining; construction; and manufacturing) had
the highest rate, 11.0 per 100 full-time workers. The
service-producing sector (services; wholesale and retail
trade; transportation and public utilities; and finance,
insurance, and real estate) had a lower rate—6.0.
The rate for work-related injuries continued to be
highest in the employment size group of 100 to 249
workers. In this category, mining recorded the largest
increase, while finance, insurance, and real estate show­
ed the largest decrease. The private sector rates in­
creased in all employment size groups, except for
establishments with 1,000 to 2,499 employees, which
showed no change.

Illnesses
An occupational illness is any abnormal condition or
disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational
injury, caused by exposure to environmental factors
associated with employment. Acute and chronic ill­
nesses or diseases which may be caused by inhalation,
absorption, ingestion, or direct contact are included.
Occupational illnesses measured in the survey cover the
number of new illness cases recorded during the year.
The survey does not measure continuing conditions
reported in previous years. Illnesses are recorded only

Number of injuries

In 1984, about 5.3 million injuries occurred compared
with 4.7 million in 1983. About 60 percent of the in­
crease, or 311,000 cases, was in the goods-producing
sector. The greatest increase was in the mining industry
with a jump of 19 percent. Oil and gas extraction (sic
13) was the primary contributor to the mining division
increase, adding approximately 73,000 cases or about




3

for the year in which they are recognized as work
related.
The recording and reporting of illnesses continue to
present measurement problems in that employers (and
even physicians) are often unable to recognize some ill­
nesses as being work related. To the extent that occupa­
tional illnesses are unrecognized and therefore
unreported, the survey underestimates their occurrence.

percent of occupational skin diseases or disorders
declined steadily. During the 5-year period, 1980-84, it
dropped by more than one-fifth, from 43 percent to 34
percent.
While recorded skin diseases were declining in relative
terms, disorders associated with repeated trauma were
showing a steady relative increase. In 1980, this category
accounted for nearly 20 percent of all recorded illness
cases. By 1984, it had reached about 30 percent. The in­
creased recognition of certain illnesses in this category,
such as carpal tunnel syndrome (nerve disorder of the
wrist), and hearing loss, may have contributed to the in­
creased proportion of cases.

Incidence rates (per 10,000 full-time workers)

During 1984, occupational illnesses occurred at a rate
of approximately 18 per 10,000 full-time workers for the
private sector. Incidence rates by division ranged from
3.7 in finance, insurance, and real estate to 43.8 in
agriculture, forestry, and fishing and in manufacturing.

Worktime Lost
Two measures are currently used as estimates of
worktime lost: (1) lost workday cases, which primarily
measures the occurrence of incidents; and (2) days lost,
which indicates the severity of the cases. Lost worktime
includes both days away from work and days of
restricted work activity.
Lost workday cases include those cases which result in
days away from work or a combination of days away
from work and restricted work activity. Cases involving
restricted activity only are those in which the employee
reported to work but could not perform all the duties of
the job.

Number of cases

Approximately 124,800 occupational illnesses were
recorded during 1984, compared with 106,100 in 1983,
about 20 percent more. Manufacturing accounted for
nearly 60 percent of all reported cases. Mining con­
tributed the fewest cases, 1,300, or about 1 percent of
the total.
The number of cases rose in all industry divisions with
the exception of agriculture, forestry, and fishing,
which experienced a slight decline. The greatest change
from 1983 occurred in manufacturing, with a 21-percent
increase.

Incidence rates (per 100 full-time workers)

Distribution patterns

During 1984, lost workday cases for both injury and
illness occurred at a rate of 3.7 per 100 full-time workers
for the private sector, compared to a rate of 3.4 in 1983.
Rates among the industry divisions ranged from 0.9 in
finance, insurance, and real estate to 6.9 in construc­
tion.
For lost workday injury cases, the 1984 rate was 3.6.
In this category, agriculture, forestry, and fishing showed
the only divisional decrease in 1984. Mining had the
greatest increase, up 20 percent in 1984.

Prior to 1980, skin diseases or disorders consistently
accounted for the plurality of all recorded occupational
illness cases, between 40 and 45 percent (text table 3).
Beginning in that year, a new pattern emerged.
Although remaining above 40 percent until 1982, the
Text table 3. Percent distribution of recordable occupational
illnesses by category of illness, 1980-84
Category

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

Total illness cases .
Skin diseases and
disorders ..................
Dust diseases of the
lungs ........................
Respiratory conditions
due to toxic agents . . .
Poisoning....................
Disorders due to
physical agents ........
Disorders due to
repeated trauma
All other occupational
illnesses....................

100

100

100

100

100

43

41

40

37

34

2

2

2

2

1

9
4

9
4

8
3

7
3

9
4

10

9

8

8

7

18

18

21

25

28

15

17

18

17

17

Number of lost worktime cases

There were approximately 2.5 million lost workday
injury and illness cases in 1984, compared to about 2.2
million in 1983. The distribution of these cases was un­
changed from 1983: Lost workday cases due to injuries
were 98 percent of the total and lost workday cases due
to illness made up the balance.
The manufacturing division had the largest number
of lost workday cases, about 870,000, or 35 percent of
the total. This was 44 percent of the total injury and ill­
ness cases in manufacturing. Between 51 and 59 percent
of the cases in agriculture, forestry, and fishing; mining;

NOTE: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.




4

and transportation and public utilities involved lost
workdays, as shown in the following tabulation:

ing, and railroads but did not provide data on the ob­
jects or events which result in on-the-job deaths. The
fatalities are classified into broad causal categories;
estimates of the percentages of fatalities are based on
the total number of reported cases for 1983 and 1984.

Percent o f
lost workday cases

Industry division

P r iv a te s e c t o r ..............................................................................

46

A g r ic u ltu r e , fo re str y , an d f i s h i n g .........................................
M i n i n g ................................................................................................
C o n s t r u c t io n ...................................................................................
M a n u fa c tu r in g ................................................................................
T r a n sp o r ta tio n a n d p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ......................................
W h o le sa le a n d retail t r a d e ........................................................
F in a n c e , in su ra n ce, an d real e s t a t e ......................................
S e r v ic e s ...............................................................................................

51
55
45
44
59
44
46
48

Incidence rates (per 100,000 full-time workers)

The injury and illness fatality rate was 6.4 per 100,000
full-time workers in 1984 (text table 4). Among industry
divisions, rates ranged from 41.4 per 100,000 full-time
workers in mining to 1.9 in finance, insurance, and real
estate (text table 5).
Number of fatalities

The number of occupational fatalities in private sec­
tor establishments with 11 employees or more was 3,740
in 1984. During the year, 800 lives were lost in manufac­
turing, 21 percent of all fatalities and the highest in­
dustry figure, while 80 were lost in finance, insurance,
and real estate, only 2 percent of the total.

The greatest change occurred in the construction divi­
sion, which had an increase of 23 percent in the number
of lost workday cases, to 259,000 cases in 1984 from
210,000 in 1983.
Lost workdays

Approximately 43 million days were lost due to oc­
cupational injuries or illnesses in 1984. The average
number of days lost per case was 17, unchanged from
1983.
Manufacturing industries had the greatest number of
lost workdays, 14.6 million, while finance, insurance,
and real estate had the fewest, 690,000 days. Average
lost workdays per case ranged from 30 days in mining to
15 days in agriculture, forestry, and fishing; wholesale
and retail trade; and finance, insurance, and real estate.
The average number of lost workdays due to illnesses
was equal to or greater than those attributable to in­
juries in all but three divisions: Agriculture, forestry,
and fishing; mining; and services.

Objects or events associated with fatalities

The majority of deaths in the private sector were at­
tributable to five causes: Highway vehicles, heart at­
tacks, industrial vehicles or equipment, falls, and elec­
trocutions. Car and truck accidents caused more than
one-fourth of the work-related deaths; about one-eighth
resulted from heart attacks; and industrial vehicles or
equipment, falls, and electrocutions each contributed
roughly one-tenth. The remaining deaths were related to
Text table 4. Number and rate of occupational fatalities for
employers with 11 employees or more, 1974-84

Year

Annual average
em ploym ent'
(thousands)

Number
of
fatalities

Incidence rate
per 100,000
workers *

1974................................
1975................................
1976 ..............................
1977................................
1978................................
1979
1980
1981................................
1982................................
1983
1984................................

54,272
52,693
53,693
56,333
59,297
61,660
61,677
62,895
61,646
63,981
68,008

4,970
4,570
3,940
4,760
4,590
4,950
4,400
4,370
4,090
3,100
3,740

9.8
9.4
7.9
9.1
8.2
8.6
7.7
7.6
7.4
5.6
6.4

Average lost workdays
Illnesses

Injuries

P riv a te s e c t o r .....................................................

20

17

A g ricu ltu re, fo re str y , an d f i s h i n g ...............
M i n i n g ......................................................................
C o n s t r u c t io n ..........................................................
M a n u fa c tu r in g .......................................................
T r a n sp o r ta tio n a n d p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .............
W h o le sa le a n d retail t r a d e ..............................
F in a n c e , in su ra n ce, and real e s t a t e .............
S e r v ic e s ......................................................................

9
14
24
22
20
19
27
16

15
30
18
17
20
15
15
17

Industry division

1 Employment is expressed as an annual average and is derived primarily
from the BLS-State Current Employment Statistics program. Employment
estimates have been adjusted based on data provided by the Annual Survey
of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses to exclude establishments with fewer
than 11 employees.
2The incidence rates represent the number of fatalities per 100,000 full­
time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000,000, where

Fatalities
Data for fatalities represent all private employers hav­
ing 11 employees or more, except private households.
The Mine Safety and Health Administration of the
Department of Labor and the Federal Railroad Ad­
ministration of the Department of Transportation sup­
plied data on fatalities in coal, metal and nonmetal min­




N
EH
200,000,000

5

= number of fatalities
= total hours worked by all employees during calen­
dar year
= base for 100,000 full-time equivalent workers
(working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

Text table 5. Number and rate of occupational fatalities for
employers with 11 employees or more by industry division,
1983 and 1984
1983
Industry division

1984

Fatalities

Private se c to r........
Agriculture, forestry,
and fishing ..............
Mining........................
Construction..............
M anufacturing..........
Transportation and
public u tilitie s..........
Wholesale and retail
tra d e ........................
Finance, insurance,
and real estate
Services....................

equipment were the leading cause of death in the mining
division, accounting for 19 percent.

Incidence
rate ’

Fatalities

3,100

5.6

3,740

6.4

80
240
670
730

12.7
27.6
26.3
4.3

110
370
660
800

16.3
41.4

570

13.3

770

16.9

440

3.3

440

3.1

70
310

1.7
2.2

80
510

Structural and Cyclical Changes
Affecting Injuries and Illnesses

Incidence
rate1

1.9
3.9

Variability in incidence rates over the years is closely
linked to fluctuations in the business cycle. Higher in­
jury and illness incidence rates are associated with in­
creased business activity and vice versa. As the activity
level increases, incidence rates may rise because
employers hire young and inexperienced workers, re­
quire more overtime, and introduce new and unfamiliar
machinery and/or equipment.
In addition to changes in the business cycle, changes
in the distribution of the labor force, all other things be­
ing equal, affect incidence rates. The structure of the
labor force has been changing steadily since 1976. At
that time, 60 percent of the total hours worked in the
private sector were in the service-producing industries.
The remaining 40 percent were in the goods-producing
industries. By 1984, service-producing industries
claimed 64 percent (the same as in 1983) of the hours
worked and goods-producing the rest.
As stated previously, incidence rates of industries in
the goods-producing sector were higher that those in the
service-producing sector in 1984. Rates in the goodsproducing sector ranged from 9.7 in mining to 15.5 in
construction as opposed to the service-producing sector
range of 1.9 in finance, insurance, and real estate to 8.8
in transportation and public utilities. Since the relative
proportion of employment hours increased in the lower
risk sector, the private sector incidence rate is somewhat
lower. If employment hours had been distributed as
they were in 1976, the 1984 private sector injury and
illness incidence rate would have been 8.3 rather than

2 2 .8

4.4

1The incidence rates represent the number of fatalities per 100,000 full­
time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000,000, where
N
EH
200,000,000

= number of fatalities
= total hours worked by all employees during calen­
dar year
= base for 100,000 full-time equivalent workers
(working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

NOTE: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.

assaults, entrapments, explosions, aircraft crashes, gas
inhalation, plant machinery operations, fires, objects
other than vehicles or equipment, and other causes.
Highway vehicles were the leading cause of death in
all industry divisions except construction and mining. In
the construction division, employees who died after fall­
ing accounted for the plurality of deaths, 23 percent of
the total. Accidents involving industrial vehicles or




8. 0 .

6

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 8

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Lost
workdays
1983

1984

Private sector7..................................................

78,983.8

7.6

8.0

3.4

3.7

4.2

4.3

58.5

63.4

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 7 .............................

933.8

11.9

12.0

6.1

6.1

5.8

5.9

90.8

90.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

13.6
10.0
10.7
4.9

13.5
10.2
14.1
6.1

7.0
5.1
5.7
3.0

6.8
5.1
8.4
3.8

6.7
4.9
5.0
1.7

6.7
5.0
5.7
2.1

101.1
77.2
101.5
73.1

100.4
73.6
186.1
115.5

974.0

8.4

9.7

4.5

5.3

3.9

4.3

125.1

160.2

Agricultural production 7 .........................................
Agricultural services................................................
Forestry....................................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping ...............................

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining 8......................................................................
Metal mining 8 .........................................................
Anthracite mining 8 ..................................................
Bituminous coal and lignite mining 8 ......................

1000
1100
1200

55.6
2.8
194.6

6.0
6.7
7.1

6.3
7.1
7.1

3.5
6.1
5.6

3.5
6.3
5.5

2.5
.5
1.5

2.7
.8
1.4

92.5
470.4
188.5

97.4
281.4
192.3

Oil and gas extraction ............................................
Crude petroleum and natural gas .......................
Natural gas liquids................................................
Oil and gas field services....................................

1300
1310
1320
1380

612.7
256.4
6.7
349.7

9.8
3.5
14.3

.11.8
3.0
3.4
18.2

4.6
1.4
6.9

6.0
1.4
1.2
9.3

5.1
2.0
7.4

5.9
1.6
2.1
8.9

120.5
34.6
183.4

173.1
34.4
32.2
273.2

Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels 8 .....................

1400

108.7

3.9

4.0

2.6

2.7

1.3

1.2

66.1

73.2

4,345.0

14.8

15.5

6.3

6.9

8.5

8.6

118.2

128.1

8.5
6.2
5.7
11.2

113.0
106.6
68.1
124.6

121.3
111.1
74.8
137.2
131.7
133.3
131.0

Construction...............................................................

-

General building contractors..................................
Residential building construction.........................
Operative builders ................................................
Nonresidential building construction...................

1500
1520
1530
1540

1,157.5
577.4
59.0
521.1

14.4
11.9
9.7
17.3

15.4
12.6
11.5
18.9

6.2
5.8
4.3
6.8

6.9
6.3
5.8

7.7

8.2
6.1
5.4
10.5

Heavy construction contractors ..............................
Highway and street construction.........................
Heavy construction, except highway ..................

1600
1610
1620

764.6
245.0
519.6

15.4
14.3
15.9

14.9
14.6
15.1

6.2
5.9
6.3

6.4
6.3
6.4

9.2
8.4
9.6

8.5
8.6

122.4
109.0
127.8

Special trade contractors.......................................
Plumbing, heating, air conditioning .....................
Painting, paper hanging, decorating ...................
Electrical w ork......................................................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering...................
Carpentering and flooring....................................
Roofing and sheet metal work ............................
Concrete w ork......................................................
Water well drilling.................................................
Miscellaneous special trade
contractors ........................................................

1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780

2,422.4
561.4
152.6
446.7
378.5
142.2
182.9
142.4
16.8

14.8
15.7
9.2
13.7
15.8
13.1
18.6
14.2
11.3

15.8
16.4
10.3
14.4
17.3
14.9
21.4
14.6
12.9

6.4
5.9
5.0
5.2
7.2
7.0
10.3
7.0
5.7

7.1
6.3
5.5
5.5
8.6
7.8
11.6
7.2
7.4

8.4
9.8
4.3
8.5
8.6
6.1
8.4
7.2
5.6

8.7
10.1
4.9
8.9
8.7
7.1
9.8
7.4
5.4

119.0
100.5
124.0
86.5
124.7
131.5
222.5
131.3
97.9

130.1
108.1
127.3
87.5
154.2
131.5
248.8
126.5
142.7

1790

399.0

15.1

15.8

6.5

7.2

8.6

8.6

128.4

141.8

19,412.0

10.0

10.6

4.3

4.7

5.7

5.9

73.5

77.9

11,522.0

10.3

11.1

4.3

4.8

6.0

6.3

73.4

79.9

Manufacturing.....................................................
Durable goods..........................................................

8.2

Lumber and wood products...................................

2400

706.8

18.3

19.6

9.2

9.9

9.1

9.7

163.5

172.0

Logging camps and logging
contractors ........................................................

2410

89.4

21.5

21.7

13.7

13.9

7.7

7.7

321.9

320.1

Sawmills and planing m ills ..................................
Sawmills and planing mills,
general ............................................................
Hardwood dimension and flooring....................

2420

203.2

17.0

18.9

8.8

9.8

8.1

9.1

169.0

174.4

2421
2426

166.9
31.9

16.7
17.1

18.4
20.4

8.9
7.6

9.7
9.2

7.9
9.4

8.6
11.2

173.7
129.4

175.3
154.2

Millwork, plywood and structural
members.............................................................
Millwork.............................................................
Wood kitchen cabinets .....................................
Hardwood veneer and plywood........................
Softwood veneer and plywood .........................
Structural wood members, n .e .c .......................

2430
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

220.4
82.1
56.8
24.5
37.4
19.6

17.2
19.4
15.4
16.0
11.1
28.5

18.1
19.9
17.8
16.2
11.4
27.5

8.0
8.4
7.3
6.7
6.0
14.7

8.5
8.5
8.7
6.8
6.4
14.6

9.2
11.0
9.2
5.2
13.7

9.5
11.3
9.0
9.4
5.0
12.9

124.8
132.0
100.4
104.1
125.9
192.3

135.2
137.1
125.6
112.5
134.7
185.1

Wood containers .................................................
Nailed wood boxes and sh o o k.........................
Wood pallets and skids ....................................
Wood containers, n.e .c.....................................

2440
2441
2448
2449

41.4
5.8
26.6
9.0

16.4
16.1
18.0
12.4

18.0
18.2
18.9
15.5

8.2
7.6
9.1
6.3

10.0
10.1
10.8
7.3

8.1
8.5
8.9
6.1

8.1
8.1
8.0
8.2

135.8
143.2
144.0
110.3

172.4
143.2
197.4
117.3

See footnotes at end of table.




7

8.2

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry

2

SIC
code 3

1964
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

2450
2451
2452

74.1
53.4
20.7

27.8
29.8
22.2

29.6
30.7
26.6

12.5
13.6
9.6

12.9
13.2
12.2

15.3
16.3
12.5

16.6
17.5
14.3

174.9
189.2
136.0

183.6
187.7
172.4

Miscellaneous wood products .............................
Wood preserving................................................
Particleboard .....................................................
Wood products, n .e .c........................................

2490
2491
2492
2499

78.3
12.6
7.6
58.2

14.6
18.1
7.3
14.7

15.3
16.2
8.8
16.0

6.7
7.5
3.4
7.0

7.2
8.1
3.6
7.6

7.8
10.6
3.9
7.7

8.1
8.1
5.2
8.5

111.8
137.1
88.0
109.1

118.3
139.0
70.5
120.7

Furniture and fixtures..............................................

2500

487.3

14.1

15.3

5.7

6.4

8.4

8.8

83.0

101.5

Household furniture..............................................
Wood household furniture.................................
Upholstered household furniture ......................
Metal household furniture.................................
Mattresses and bedsprings...............................
Wood TV and radio cabinets............................
Household furniture, n.e.c .................................

2510
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

295.2
132.0
92.3
28.0
29.4
n.a.
n.a.

13.3
13.3
12.0
15.3
15.5
11.5
12.1

13.9
13.7
12.8
15.6
16.7
13.0
13.0

5.3
5.1
4.8
5.7
7.2
5.3
6.0

5.8
5.6
5.5
5.9
7.7
7.0
5.9

7.9
8.2
7.1
9.6
8.2
6.2
6.2

8.0
8.1
7.4
9.6
9.0
5.9
7.1

75.9
72.2
65.4
81.5
113.3
73.0
107.1

91.6
87.7
82.9
95.7
123.0
124.9
87.6

Office furniture......................................................
Wood office furniture.........................................
Metal office furniture.........................................

2520
2521
2522

64.0
29.7
34.3

16.1
13.7
18.1

18.8
15.0
22.1

7.3
6.5
8.0

8.3
6.9
9.5

8.8
7.2
10.1

10.5
8.1
12.6

108.7
100.5
115.5

129.7
97.8
157.2

Public building and related
furniture..............................................................

2530

26.2

15.2

17.1

5.3

6.4

9.9

10.6

93.2

116.2

Partitions and fixtures..........................................
Wood partitions and fixtures.............................
Metal partitions and fixtures..............................

2540
2541
2542

66.5
35.5
31.0

15.8
15.3
16.4

17.6
17.1
18.2

6.5
6.6
6.5

7.7
7.7
7.6

9.3
8.7
9.9

10.0
9.4
10.6

89.2
87.4
91.1

113.0
110.5
115.7

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures...................
Drapery hardware and blinds
and shades......................................................
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c...............................

2590

35.4

13.9

14.1

5.3

5.6

8.6

8.5

79.5

97.6

2591
2599

21.2
14.3

12.9
15.3

11.5
17.7

5.0
5.7

4.8
6.7

7.9
9.6

6.7
11.0

75.4
84.8

79.6
122.7

Stone, clay, and glass products.............................

3200

595.4

13.1

13.6

6.0

6.6

7.1

7.0

112.0

120.8

Flat g la ss..............................................................

3210

15.9

14.4

15.2

4.4

4.2

10.0

11.0

83.5

76.8

Glass and glassware, pressed or
b low n...................................................................
Glass containers................................................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c........................

3220
3221
3229

99.4
52.3
47.2

11.9
13.1
10.6

12.0
14.0
10.0

5.9
6.9
4.6

5.9
7.1
4.5

6.1
6.2
6.0

6.2
6.8
5.5

112.5
135.4
85.1

112.9
140.2
84.1

Products of purchased g la ss...............................
Cement, hydraulic.................................................

3230
3240

48.6
24.6

16.0
-

16.1
10.0

6.2
-

6.3
4.1

9.8
-

9.8
5.9

98.4
-

95.1
99.C

Structural clay products.......................................
Brick and structural clay tile ..............................
Ceramic wall and floor tile .................................
Clay refractories.................................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c ..........................

3250
3251
3253
3255
3259

38.0
17.6
n.a.
8.0
n.a.

16.0
19.4
14.8
9.3
19.1

16.8
18.8
16.5
11.4
20.3

7.0
8.7
5.8
4.4
9.7

7.7
8.3
7.6
5.8
9.9

9.0
10.7
9.0
4.9
9.3

9.1
10.5
8.9
5.6
10.3

128.4
127.1
125.2
95.1
233.3

137.3
141.2
150.3
100.6
170.2

Pottery and related products...............................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures................................
Vitreous china food utensils..............................
Fine earthenware food utensils........................
Porcelain electrical supplies..............................
Pottery products, n.e .c......................................

3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

39.4
9.9
n.a.
n.a.
9.9
11.9

12.5
19.5
12.8
7.6
10.7
9.8

14.3
24.4
11.7
13.2
11.3
9.6

6.7
12.7
6.8
4.2
4.7
4.1

8.1
16.7
6.9
4.1
6.0
4.1

5.9
6.9
6.0
3.4
5.9
5.7

6.2
7.6
4.8
9.1
5.4
5.5

124.0
246.6
148.2
80.4
84.6
59.9

148.9
318.6
147.1
116.3
92.4
63.6

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products.............................................................
Concrete block and brick .................................
Concrete products, n.e.c ..................................
Ready-mixed concrete ......................................

3270
3271
3272
3273

199.4
18.0
67.0
95.1

14.8
18.3
18.8
13.3

15.1
16.4
19.9
13.7

6.8
8.1
8.7
6.3

7.5
7.7
9.9
6.9

7.9
10.2
10.1
6.9

7.6
8.6
9.9
6.8

125.0
124.7
156.5
120.5

141.0
146.7
181.1
132.1

Cut stone and stone products.............................

3280

11.4

12.6

12.9

6.1

6.2

6.5

6.7

104.2

100.2

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products..............................................................

3290

118.7

10.6

10.9

5.1

5.8

5.5

5.1

98.1

101.9

See footnotes at end of table.




8

n

b)

c*> iv> (o

Wood buildings and mobile homes.....................
Mobile homes.....................................................
Prefabricated wood buildings............................

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Abrasive products..............................................
Asbestos products.............................................
Gaskets, packing and sealing
devices............................................................
Minerals, ground or treated..............................
Mineral w o o l......................................................
Nonclay refractories ..........................................
Nonmetallic mineral products,
n.e.c..................................................................

3291
3292

22.6
12.2

11.4
12.7

11.8
11.9

5.4
6.9

6.8
6.6

6.0
5.8

5.0
5.3

104.4
113.9

118.7
134.0

3293
3295
3296
3297

27.1
13.7
27.8
7.9

10.7

4.4
4.1
7.1

4.6
4.9
4.5
13.2

6.3
3.8
6.5

6.3
6.5
3.3
5.8

67.0

7.9
13.5

10.8
11.4
7.7
19.0

76.6
221.7

76.2
73.4
82.0
236.1

3299

7.3

11.2

8.8

6.3

4.1

4.9

4.7

98.1

63.2

Primary metal industries.........................................

3300

858.4

12.4

13.3

5.4

6.1

6.9

7.2

103.4

115.3

Blast furnace and basic steel
products..............................................................
Blast furnaces and steel m ills...........................
Electrometallurgical products............................
Steel wire and related products........................
Cold finishing of steel shapes...........................
Steel pipe and tubes.........................................

3310
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

333.5
264.8
10.3
n.a.
18.4
24.5

10.0
8.5
9.6
15.1
18.8
18.3

11.1
9.3
10.9
17.0
22.9
19.1

3.8
3.0
4.0
6.8
7.0
8.2

4.5
3.6
4.8
7.9
9.9
8.7

6.2
5.5
5.5
8.3
11.8
10.1

6.6
5.7
6.1
9.1
13.0
10.4

86.4
75.6
118.4
110.6
158.9
138.5

101.8
93.6
117.9
131.4
158.0
125.2

Iron and steel foundries.......................................
Gray iron foundries............................................
Malleable iron foundries ...................................
Steel investment foundries...............................
Steel foundries, n .e .c ........................................

3320
3321
3322
3324
3325

149.1
95.1
11.0
12.4
30.6

16.7
17.3
14.4
13.0
17.1

16.7
16.6
14.4
17.3
17.6

7.2
7.5
6.1
5.8
7.0

8.0
7.9
7.3
8.2
8.6

9.5
9.8
8.2
7.2
10.2

8.7
8.7
7.1
9.1
9.0

119.4
124.7
95.4
74.7
130.7

133.5
131.8
116.7
110.0
154.5

Primary nonferrous m etals..................................
Primary copper...................................................
Primary lead.......................................................
Primary z in c .......................................................
Primary aluminum ..............................................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c......................

3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

51.8
8.9
n.a.
n.a.
27.6
10.6

8.7
8.6
10.8
11.7
8.4
8.5

9.0
8.0
9.3
11.1
9.0
9.2

4.4
4.4
5.3
5.5
4.2
4.6

4.8
4.4
3.8
5.9
4.8
4.7

4.3
4.2
5.5
6.1
4.2
3.8

4.2
3.6
5.5
5.1
4.1
4.4

85.0
106.5
95,7
111.5
74.1
81.1

94.7
113.7
76.4
147.2
89.4
83.8

Secondary nonferrous m etals..............................

3340

19.7

17.7

22.2

9.6

11.7

8.1

10.4

172.6

197.3

Nonferrous rolling and drawing ...........................
Copper rolling and drawing ..............................
Aluminum sheet, plate, and f o il........................
Aluminum extruded products ............................
Aluminum rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous wire drawing and
insulating.........................................................

3350
3351
3353
3354

192.7
27.2
31.6
31.4

11.7
13.3
6.8
12.3

11.6
14.4
5.6
13.4

5.9
6.9
2.6
5.7

5.6
7.1
2.2
5.7

5.8
6.5
4.1
6.6

6.0
7.2
3.4
7.7

106.7
121.3
60.2
96.3

103.1
143.0
57.1
91.7

3355

n.a.

8.5

8.3

4.1

4.1

4.4

4.2

60.2

84.7

3356

n.a.

10.5

11.0

5.1

4.8

5.4

6.2

95.3

99.7

3357

81.9

13.4

12.5

7.2

6.6

6.2

6.0

130.7

113.7

Nonferrous foundries ...........................................
Aluminum foundries...........................................
Brass, bronze, and copper
foundries .........................................................
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c..............................

3360
3361

86.5
53.2

16.7
16.1

19.0
19.0

7.7
7.3

8.9
8.6

8.9
8.8

10.1
10.4

133.3
127.0

149.9
140.3

3362
3369

14.8
18.6

18.8
16.5

21.2
17.5

9.1
7.7

10.2
8.9

9.6
8.8

11.1
8.6

157.7
131.2

\ 166.3
\ 165.1

Miscellaneous primary metal products...............
Metal heat treating ............................................
Primary metal products, n .e .c ...........................

3390
3398
3399

25.0
13.0
12.0

15.8
16.3
15.1

16.5
18.0
14.7

7.2
8.2
6.2

8.0
9.0
6.9

8.5
8.2
9.0

8.4
8.9
7.8

110.4
113.4
107.1

139.1
144.3
133.4

Fabricated metal products.....................................

3400

1,464.2

15.1

16.1

6.1

6.7

9.0

9.4

96.5

104.9

Metal cans and shipping containers...................
Metal c a n s .........................................................
Metal barrels, drums, and p a ils ........................

3410
3411
3412

57.6
46.1
11.5

15.7
15.1
17.9

16.7
15.2
22.7

6.1
5.8
7.4

6.8
6.0
10.1

9.6
9.3
10.5

9.8
9.2
12.6

111.0
106.6
129.8

131.4
113.1
206.9

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware......................
Cutlery................................................................
Hand and edge tools, n e c ................................
Hand saws and saw blades.............................
Hardware, n.e.c..................................................

3420
3421
3423
3425
3429

148.4
13.3
n.a.
n.a.
86.5

13.2
13.5
14.2
11.6
12.9

13.8
10.8
15.2
12.4
13.8

5.1
5.1
5.3
4.9
5.1

5.6
4.4
6.1
4.7
5.7

8.1
8.4
8.9
6.7
7.8

8.2
6.4
9.1
7.7
8.1

93.8
96.6
93.1
84.6
94.5

102.2
74.3
112.7
81.7
103.9

Plumbing and heating, except
electric.................................................................
Metal sanitary w a re ...........................................

3430
3431

63.2
9.7

15.1
16.7

15.1
16.5

6.7
7.8

6.7
8.6

8.4
8.9

8.4
7.9

101.8
113.2

98.2
133.2

See footnotes at end of table.




9

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 ''—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands) *

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Plumbing fittings and brass
goods...............................................................
Heating equipment, except electric..................

3432
3433

25.0
28.6

11.6
17.6

11.8
17.5

5.7
■7.2

5.5
7.1

5.9
10.3

6.3
10.4

105.2
95.2

89.1
93.9

Fabricated structural metal
products..............................................................
Fabricated structural m etal................................
Metal doors, sash, and trim ..............................
Fabricated plate w o rk .......................................
Sheet metal w ork...............................................
Architectural metal w o rk ...................................
Prefabricated metal buildings............................
Miscellaneous metal w o rk ................................

3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

436.5
79.7
84.3
100.4
111.7
28.0
24.6
7.9

17.9
21.4
18.9
15.2
18.0
19.1
13.8
17.1

19.5
22.3
19.7
17.3
20.0
19.6
17.8
17.8

7.2
9.6
7.2
6.1
6.9
7.5
5.1
7.0

8.0
10.6
7.5
7.2
7.6
7.9
7.4
6.9

10.7
11.8
11.6
9.0
11.1
11.5
8.6
10.1

11.5
11.6
12.2
10.1
12.4
11.7
10.4
10.9

109.0
138.8
106.4
97.1
101.3
126.4
80.7
128.0

116.5
162.2
101.7
107.9
103.2
115.4
117.0
107.3

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.....................
Screw machine products..................................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers........................

3450
3451
3452

96.5
46.0
50.5

13.7
13.4
13.8

14.2
15.3
13.3

4.6
4.0
5.0

5.2
5.2
5.3

9.1
9.4
8.8

9.0
10.1
8.0

68.2
54.1
80.1

78.5
67.4
88.3

Metal forgings and stampings..............................
Iron and steel forgings......................................
Nonferrous forgings...........................................
Automotive stampings.......................................
Crowns and closures......... ...............................
Metal stampings, n .e .c......................................

3460
3462
3463
3465
3466
3469 -

250.1
34.8
n.a.
99.1
n.a.
105.7

14.3
17.4
13.6
11.9
12.0
15.8

15.6
17.5
12.5
12.6
12.0
18.2

5.8
8.1
5.9
4.9
5.7
5.9

6.6
8.7
6.2
5.3
5.0
7.4

8.5
9.3
7.6
6.9
6.3
9.9

8.9
8.8
6.3
7.3
7.0
10.8

96.6
141.1
86.1
73.5
93.3
105.2

107.1
165.7
138.1
74.0
104.7
118.8

Metal services* n .e .c ............................................
Plating and poiisfilng.........................................
Metal coating and allied services.....................

3470
3471
3479

107.0
73.7
33.3

14.3
14.9
12.9

15.6
16.1
14.6

6.1
6.4
5.6

6.8
7.1
6.3

8.1
8.6
7.2

8.8
9.0
8.2

92.2
96.3
83.1

102.9
102.3
104.2

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c........................
Small arms ammunition ....................................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c.......................................................
Small arm s.........................................................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c.....................

3480
3482

75.9
n.a.

8.0
5.0

8.7
6.7

3.8
2.3

4.2
2.0

4.2
2.7

4.5
4.6

64.7
48.3

72.9
38.4

3483
3484
3489

40.6
n.a.
n.a.

8.2
13.3
3.7

9.1
13.4
3.9

3.9
6.4
1.7

4.5
7.0
1.8

4.4
6.9
2.1

4.5
6.3
2.1

65.9
108.5
25.8

75.9
132.1
27.2

3490
3493
3494
3495

228.9
5.9
87.2
14.4

14.3
17.1
12.8
13.1

15.1
17.8
13.6
14.3

5.9
8.0
5.3
5.2

6.2
9.3
5.2
5.4

8.4
9.1
7.5
7.9

8.9
8.4
8.3
8.8

90.6
128.4
79.5
90.9

100.3
149.9
88.7
85.5

3496
3497
3498
3499

52.7
n.a.
23.0
n.a.

14.8
14.3
17.4
15.0

14.7
13.1
18.7
16.9

6.1
6.6
7.5
5.8

6.6
5.4
8.1
6.4

8.7
7.7
9.8
9.2

8.2
7.7
10.7
10.6

90.1
83.1
123.5
92.6

109.1
109.3
119.6
99.7

Machinery, except electrical ..................................

3500

2,196.8

9.8

10.7

3.6

4.1

6.2

6.6

58.1

65.8

Engines and turbines...........................................
Turbines and turbine generator
s e ts ..................................................................
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c ..................

3510

114.5

8.4

10.5

3.1

4.1

5.3

6.4

59.0

78.7

3511
3519

35.6
79.0

5.2
10.2

5.3
12.9

2.3
3.5

2.4
4.8

2.9
6.7

2.9
8.1

41.1
69.2

43.8
94.5

Farm and garden machinery...............................
Farm machinery and equipment.......................
Lawn and garden equipment ............................

3520
3523
3524

110.3
87.7
22.6

11.8
11.1
14.5

13.3
12.9
15.0

4.6
4.4
5.4

5.7
5.6
5.9

7.2
6.8
9.0

7.7
7.3
9.1

73.5
72.1
79.5

88.7
88.9
87.8

Construction and related machinery...................
Construction machinery....................................
Mining machinery...............................................
Oil field machinery.............................................
Elevators and moving stairways.......................
Conveyors and conveying equipment..............
Hoists, cranes, and monorails ..........................

3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536

257.3
91.6
21.7
64.8
n.a.
28.6
12.3

12.7
11.9
12.9
12.0
12.3
14.0
14.1

14.0
12.2
14.5
13.7
12.5
13.7
24.1

4.7
4.5
5.3
4.3
5.2
4.7
5.2

5.6
4.7
6.8
5.0
4.9
5.6
9.7

8.0
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.1
9.3
9.0

8.4
7.5
7.7
8.7
7.6
8.1
14.4

76.3
71.5
97.5
74.3
93.4
60.0
78.9

90.3
74.9
125.6
85.0
84.0
101.6
133.5

Metalworking machinery......................................
Machine tools, metal cutting types ..................
Machine tools, metal forming types.................
Special dies, tools, jigs and
fixtures.............................................................

3540
3541
3542

305.6
56.0
18.9

10.7
9.0
10.8

12.1
10.5
13.5

3.4
2.8
3.9

3.9
3.8
4.9

7.3
6.2
6.9

8.1
6.7
8.7

57.0
45.7
62.9

66.4
57.7
90.8

3544

133.9

12.1

13.4

3.7

4.2

8.4

9.2

59.1

71.4

Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products ..............................................................
Steel springs, except wire ................................
Valves and pipe fittings.....................................
Wire springs.......................................................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire
products..........................................................
Metal foil and le a f..............................................
Fabricated pipe and fittings...............................
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c......................

See footnotes at end of table.




10

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

iaH4
annual
average
employment
(thousands) 4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Lost
workdays
1983

1984

Machine tool accessories.................................
Power driven hand to o ls ...................................
Rolling mill machinery.......................................
Metalworking machinery, n.e.c..........................

3545
3546
3547
3549

54.9
24.5
5.5
12.0

10.0
7.5
12.9
10.6

11.1
8.3
11.4
13.8

3.1
2.5
4.8
3.5

3.5
3.1
5.3
3.8

6.9
5.0
8.2
7.1

7.6
5.2
6.1
10.0

58.1
50.8
86.3
69.9

53.3
67.8
100.1
53.6

Special industry machinery .................................
Food products machinery.................................
Textile machinery............ ........ .........................
Woodworking machinery...................................
Paper industries machinery..............................
Printing trades machinery.................................
Special industry machinery, n.e.c.....................

3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

167.7
39.0
19.9
10.1
16.2
30.4
52.1

12.3
14.6
12.6
13.3
13.5
9.6
11.6

12.7
15.0
14.2
15.9
13.9
9.6
11.5

4.3
5.3
3.5
5.4
4.7
3.2
4.3

4.5
5.5
3.7
5.6
5.8
3.2
4.3

8.0
9.4
9.2
7.9
8.8
6.4
7.2

8.2
9.5
10.5
10.4
8.1
6.3
7.1

68.5
81.1
51.9
90.0
73.8
52.3
71.7

68.2
75.8
59.8
89.8
100.8
47.1
64.1

General industrial machinery ..............................
Pumps and pumping equipment.......................
Ball and roller bearings.....................................
Air and gas compressors..................................
Blowers and fa n s ...............................................
Industrial patterns..............................................
Speed changers, drives, and g e a rs.................
Industrial furnaces and ovens...........................
Power transmission equipment,
n.e.c.................................................................
General industrial machinery,
n.e.c.................................................................

3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567

273.3
52.4
48.3
25.5
32.7
8.5
21.0
16.5

11.6
12.7
8.5
10.1
13.2
11.4
13.9
12.4

12.0
11.4
8.7
12.5
14.4
15.1
13.6
13.9

4.3
4.5
3.0
4.0
5.6
3.8
4.7
4.7

4.6
4.7
3.1
4.1
5.9
5.1
4.8
5.8

7.3
8.2
5.5
6.1
7.6
7.6
9.2
7.7

7.4
6.6
5.6
8.4
8.5
10.0
8.8
8.1

72.4
76.6
49.4
75.9
91.2
54.4
72.7
82.8

73.4
68.8
57.8
75.2
84.3
62.8
85.6
94.1

3568

17.6

12.5

12.8

5.1

5.8

7.4

7.1

88.9

97.1

3569

51.0

11.7

11.8

4.1

4.2

7.7

7.6

68.7

67.5

Office and computing machines..........................
Typewriters........................................................
Electronic computing equipment......................
Scales and balances, except
laboratory........................................................
Office machines, n .e .c ......................................

3570
3572
3573

526.1
13.9
460.9

4.1
3.2
3.7.

4.0
3.4
3.6

1.9
1.3
1.7

1.9
1.5
1.8

2.2
1.9
2.0

2.1
1.9
1.8

29.3
14.7
26.8

30.3
21.8
29.4

3576
3579

7.1
27.2

10.7
8.0

10.7
9.0

3.4
3.5

3.5
3.7

7.3
4.4

7.1
5.3

43.0
52.5

37.7
45.0

Refrigeration and service machinery..................
Automatic merchandising machines.................
Commercial laundry equipment ........................
Refrigeration and heating
equipment.......................................................
Measuring and dispensing pumps....................
Service industry machinery, n.e.c.....................

3580
3581
3582

171.1
9.8
4.9

13.5
19.6
17.7

14.4
24.6
16.8

5.1
6.8
5.6

5.7
7.7
5.8

8.3
12.9
12.1

8.7
16.9
10.9

79.4
105.8
99.9

90.0
103.6
99.1

3585
3586
3589

120.5
n.a.
n.a.

12.1
13.4
16.5

12.9
17.0
16.5

5.0
4.1
5.4

5.4
4.7
6.4

7.1
9.2
11.1

7.5
12.3
10.0

81.3
42.0
68.5

92.1
59.4
81.8

3590

270.8

11.7

13.1

4.1

4.7

7.5

8.4

57.2

71.9

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical..............................................................
Carburetors, pistons, rings,
valves..............................................................
Machinery, except electrical,
n.e.c.................................................................

3592

35.0

7.9

8.9

3.2

4.0

4.7

4.9

50.7

74.1

3599

235.8

12.3

13.8

4.3

4.8

8.0

8.9

58.2

71.5

Electric and electronic equipment..........................

3600

2,208.1

6.3

6.8

2.6

2.8

3.8

4.0

41.4

45.0

Electric distributing equipment.............................
Transformers..................................................
Switchgear and switchboard
apparatus........................................................

3610
3612

116.1
53.6

8.6
9.3

9.2
9.1

3.3
3.5

3.7
3.7

5.3
5.8

5.5
5.5

56.9
53.9

60.0
56.8

3613

62.5

8.0

9.3

3.1

3.7

4.9

5.6

59.2

62.7

Electrical industrial apparatus..............................
Motors and generators .....................................
Industrial controls ..............................................
Welding apparatus, electric...............................
Carbon and graphite products..........................
Electrical industrial apparatus,
n.e.c.................................................................

3620
3621
3622
3623
3624

206.0
102.5
65.2
15.4
11.4

7.8
8.8
5.5
11.8
7.1

8.4
8.9
6.6
13.6
6.1

2.8
3.2
1.9
4.0
3.1

3.3
3.4
2.6
5.5
3.4

5.0
5.6
3.6
7.8
4.0

5.0
5.5
4.1
8.1
2.7

47.5
51.5
34.1
69.6
62.8

57.0
56.9
45.8
99.4
76.2

3629

11.5

7.0

8.3

3.1

3.7

3.9

4.6

43.1

43.8

3630
3631

149.8
29.1

11.6
15.1

12.5
17.9

4.5
5.3

4.9
7.0

7.1
9.8

7.6
10.9

82.0
83.9

89.1
115.0

3632
3633
3634
3635
3636

31.0
21.0
39.7
n.a.
n.a.

9.8
11.6
10.0
10.0
7.6

9.0
12.2
10.7
10.6
10.0

4.1
3.9
3.7
4.8
2.6

3.8
4.1
4.0
4.9
3.3

5.7
7.7
6.3
5.3
5.0

5.2
8.1
6.7
5.7
6.7

64.2
60.1
60.0
243.1
43.8

52.6
69.9
60.7
231.8
41.9

Household appliances..........................................
Household cooking equipment .........................
Household refrigerators and
freezers ...........................................................
Household laundry equipment ..........................
Electric housewares and fa n s ...........................
Household vacuum cleaners...........................
Sewing machines..............................................
See footnotes at end of table.




u

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
iy a 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 8

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Lost
workdays
1983

1984

Household appliances, n .e .c.............................

3639

n.a.

15.7

17.4

7.2

6.9

8.5

10.5

99.3

118.6

Electric lighting and wiring
equipment ...........................................................
Electric lam ps.....................................................
Current-carrying wiring devices.........................
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices..................
Residential lighting fixtures................................
Commercial lighting fixtures..............................
Vehicular lighting equipment.............................
Lighting equipment, n.e.c..................................

3640
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648

200.5
28.3
84.8
17.5
26.9
18.2
15.7
9.1

8.6
4.0
7.5
12.8
11.8
12.8
5.0
13.5

10.0
6.3
8.4
17.0
11.8
16.4
5.8
12.7

3.4
1.6
3.0
5.8
4.4
4.6
2.2
4.4

4.0
2.2
3.4
7.8
4.9
5.7
2.3
5.4

5.2
2.4
4.5
6.9
7.4
8.2
2.8
9.1

6.0
4.1
5.0
9.2
6.8
10.7
3.5
7.3

55.1
31.4
47.1
102.4
69.5
73.3
38.5
61.6

69.0
38.6
60.7
123.4
81.9
93.4
42.3
97.3

Radio and TV receiving equipment.....................
Radio and TV receiving se ts.............................
Phonograph records..........................................

3650
3651
3652

90.6
71.8
18.8

6.1
6.0
6.3

6.2
5.9
7.1

2.6
2.4
3.1

2.6
2.5
2.8

3.5
3.5
3.2

3.6
3.4
4.3

40.8
40.4
42.0

40.6
38.9
47.0

Communication equipment..................................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus................
Radio and TV communication
equipment........................................................

3660
3661

616.6
144.4

4.0
4.9

3.9
4.6

1.7
2.2

1.6
2.0

2.3
2.7

2.3
2.7

30.4
49.1

26.4
36.3

3662

472.1

3.7

3.7

1.6

1.5

2.2

2.3

24.8

23.6

3670

672.7

5.7

6.4

2.3

2.7

3.4

3.7

30.8

38.3

3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

n.a.
n.a.
273.0
33.8
12.4
26.7
274.5

9.6
5.5
4.2
5.6
6.2
8.2
6.8

8.7
5.4
4.1
6.3
7.0
8.2
8.7

6.1
2.2
1.8
2.2
2.4
2.9
2.6

5.7
2.2
1.9
2.8
2.9
3.1
3.4

3.5
3.2
2.4
3.4
3.8
5.3
4.2

3.0
3.2
2.2
3.6
4.1
5.1
5.4

84.9
34.9
24.4
30.5
28.9
38.5
33.1

87.4
34.5
27.1
56.0
49.7
37.8
45.6

3690
3691
3692
3693
3694

156.0
28.3
13.9
33.8
64.9

6.5
10.7

3.0
5.6

4.1
5.5

6.8
9.5
5.0
3.8
6.5

1.7
2.4

3.1
5.1
1.6
1.5
3.1

3.6
5.1
2.4
3.2

3.6
4.4
3.4
2.3
3.4

49.4
85.5
21.2
42.6

35.4
26.5
46.2

3699

15.1

10.5

11.6

4.9

4.6

5.6

7.0

80.5

69.5

Transportation equipment.............. .......................

3700

1,906.3

8.4

9.3

3.6

4.2

4.8

5.2

64.5

68.8

Motor vehicles and equipment ............................
Motor vehicles and car bodies.........................
Truck and bus bodies .......................................
Motor vehicle parts and
accessories.....................................................
Truck trailers......................................................
Self-contained motor hom es.............................

3710
3711
3713

860.1
390.9
36.2

8.7
6.1
19.1

10.1
6.7
19.8

3.7
2.6
6.5

4.5
2.9
8.3

5.1
3.5
12.6

5.7
3.8
11.5

59.4
42.3
90.0

70.6
42.4
127.0

3714
3715
3716

387.3
31.1
14.6

9.2
18.3
25.5

11.1
22.6
24.9

3.9
8.0
10.5

4.9
11.0
9.6

5.3
10.3
15.0

6.2
11.6
15.2

69.0
101.6
128.4

82.8
191.0
104.6

Aircraft and parts..................................................
Aircraft................................................................
Aircraft engines and engine p a rts ....................
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c...................................

3720
3721
3724
3728

595.9
308.2
140.5
147.2

5.2
4.0
4.8
8.5

5.8
4.5
5.3
8.9

2.0
1.4
2.6
2.7

2.2
1.6
2.8
2.9

3.2
2.5
2.2
5.8

3.6
2.9
2.5
6.1

34.3
25.4
47.6
40.7

35.3
28.3
45.9
40.0

Ship and boat building and repairing..................
Ship building and repairing.............................
Boat building and repairing................................

3730
3731
3732

193.9
147.7
46.2

20.1
20.0
20.3

20.5
20.2
21.4

9.5
9.6
9.0

10.8
11.0
10.3

10.6
10.4
11.3

9.7
9.2
11.1

206.4
231.1
117.6

199.4
218.2
137.8

Railroad equipment..............................................

3740

35.3

11.0

11.8

5.5

5.6

5.6

6.3

103.7

102.6

Motorcycles, bicycles, and p a rts .........................

3750

14.8

13.2

16.6

5.5

6.4

7.7

10.3

124.2

86.6

Guided missiles, space vehicles,
parts.....................................................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles................
Space propulsion units and parts.....................
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c........................

3760
3761
3764
3769

155.3
120.0
n.a.
n.a.

2.4
2.2
3.0
3.2

2.7
2.5
3.3
3.2

1.2
1.1
1.3
1.1

1.2
1.1
1.5
.9

1.3
1.0
1.7
2.1

1.5
1.3
1.8
2.3

20.1
19.9
20.6
20.1

21.0
20.0
25.0
22.1

Electronic components and
accessories.........................................................
Cathode ray television picture
tubes................................................................
Electron tubes, transmitting...............................
Semiconductors and related devices...............
Electronic capacitors.........................................
Electronic resistors............................................
Electronic coils and transformers.....................
Electronic components, n.e.c............................
Miscellaneous electrical equipment
and supplies .......................................................
Storage batteries ...............................................
Primary batteries, dry and w e t..........................
X-ray apparatus and tu b e s ...............................
Engine electrical equipment..............................
Electrical equipment and supplies,
n.e.c.................................................................

See footnotes at end of table




12

-

-

50.2
88.8

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

l»o4
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Miscellaneous transportation
equipment...........................................................
Travel trailers and campers ..............................
Transportation equipment, n.e .c.......................

3790
3792
3799

51.1
21.4
10.5

14.1
21.7
14.6

15.2
21.8
17.9

6.0
8.7
6.3

6.6
8.3
8.0

8.2
13.1
8.2

8.6
13.6
9.9

76.9
107.3
75.9

89.6
109.8
111.8

Instruments and related products..........................

3800

714.1

5.2

5.4

2.1

2.2

3.1

3.2

35.6

37.5

Engineering and scientific
instruments........................................................

3810

79.5

4.6

5.2

1.6

2.0

3.0

3.1

25.2

31.4

Measuring and controlling devices............. ........
Environmental controls.....................................
Process control instruments..............................
Fluid meters and counting devices..................
Instruments to measure electricity...................
Measuring and controlling devices,
n.e.c.................................................................

3820
3822
3823
3824
3825

249.7
45.2
n.a.
14.9
107.6

5.2
5.4
4.7
6.5
4.4

5.4
6.3
5.9
6.4
4.6

2.1
2.1
2.0
2.8
1.9

2.2
2.8
2.2
2.8
1.9

3.1
3.3
2.7
3.6
2.5

3.2
3.5
3.6
3.6
2.7

33.6
28.6
33.6
58.8
33.1

38.3
52.9
36.4
52.7
30.1

3829

26.1

7.8

5.9

2.6

2.5

5.1

3.4

29.2

42.5

Optical instruments and lenses...........................

3830

35.0

5.1

5.4

2.2

2.0

3.0

3.4

27.5

25.8

Medical instruments and supplies.......................
Surgical and medical instruments.....................
Surgical appliances and supplies.....................
Dental equipment and supplies........................

3840
3841
3842
3843

171.9
84.1
73.6
14.3

5.6
4.8
6.4
6.8

5.8
4.3
7.3
7.3

2.3
2.1
2.6
2.1

2.4
1.8
2.9
2.9

3.3
2.8
3.8.
4.7

3.4
2.5
4.3
4.4

41.5
35.2
50.7
33.4

43.1
28.0
60.3
45.0

Ophthalmic goods ................................................

3850

39.6

4.9

5.5

2.2

2.4

2.7

3.2

34.7

46.6

Photographic equipment and supplies.................
Watches, clocks, and watchcases......................

3860
3870

123.9
14.6

5.4
-

4.7
7.2

2.3
-

1.9
2.4

3.1
-

2.7
4.8

39.2
-

33.5
26.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries................

3900

384.2

9.9

10.5

4.0

4.3

5.9

6.3

66.3

70.2

Jewelry, silverware, and plated w are..................
Jewelry, precious metal ....................................
Silverware and plated w are...............................
Jewelers’ materials and lapidary
w o rk .................................................................

3910
3911
3914

55.2
36.8
9.9

5.7
10.7

5.7
4.1
11.0

2.5
6.0

2.2
1.2
5.6

3.1
4.7

3.5
2.9
5.5

43.8
115.9

43.6
21.6
118.0

3915

8.5

6.3

5.9

3.0

2.2

3.3

3.7

59.0

49.6

Musical instruments..............................................

3930

16.9

8.3

10.1

3.0

3.6

5.3

6.5

54.5

67.1

Toys and sporting goods.....................................
Games, toys, and children’s
vehicles...........................................................
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c....................

3940

110.7

11.2

11.9

4.5

4.7

6.7

7.3

76.0

71.0

3944
3949

n.a.
55.5

8.4
14.6

9.1
15.0

3.7
5.5

4.3
5.1

4.7
9.1

4.8
10.0

75.0
81.8

70.1
74.3

Pens, pencils, office and art
supplies...............................................................
Pens and mechanical pencils...........................
Lead pencils and art goods ..............................
Marking devices.................................................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons......................

3950
3951
3952
3953
3955

32.2
9.4
7.1
n.a.
n.a.

8.7
8.6
10.0
5.9
11.8

10.6
10.0
12.1
7.9
13.5

3.6
3.0
4.6
1.5
6.6

4.3
3.0
5.6
2.7
7.2

5.1
5.5
5.4
4.3
5.3

6.2
7.0
6.5
5.1
6.4

53.5
49.8
70.6
30.4
72.6

78.9
66.6
125.2
43.2
97.4

Costume jewelry and notions ..............................
Costume jewelry ................................................
Artificial flowers..................................................
Buttons...............................................................

3960
3961
3962
3963

40.5
22.7
n.a.
n.a.

7.9
6.3
-

7.8
5.2
14.1
8.8

3.3
2.5
-

3.5
2.1
7.1
2.9

4.6
3.8
-

4.3
3.1
7.1
6.0

65.9
59.3
-

55.6
40.1
92.3
48.5

Miscellaneous manufactures...............................
Brooms and brushes.........................................
Signs and advertising displays..........................
Burial caskets....................................................
Hard surface floor coverings.............................
Manufacturing industries, n .e .c.........................

3990
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

128.6
14.2
51.8
9.6
n.a.
n.a.

11.7
12.1
12.8
12.7
8.6
10.8

12.2
13.1
14.4
11.7
8.7
10.2

4.6
5.0
4.7
4.5
4.7
4.3

5.1
5.6
6.0
4.4
5.0
4.1

7.1
7.1
8.0
8.2
4.0
6.5

7.1
7.5
8.4
7.3
3.7
6.1

72.4
84.4
69.2
95.2
99.8
61.1

83.4
71.7
95.6
79.9
132.7
64.1

7,890.0

9.6

9.8

4.3

4.4

5.3

5.3

73.6

74.9

Nondurable g o o ds...................................................

-

Food and kindred products....................................

2000

1,618.6

16.5

16.7

7.9

8.1

8.5

8.6

131.2

131.6

Meat products......................................................
Meat packing plants..........................................

2010
2011

357.0
146.7

24.6
31.4

25.4
33.4

11.7
15.8

12.0
16.2

13.0
15.7

13.4
17.2

180.8
245.4

181.1
232.3

See footnotes at end of table.




13

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

iy«4
annual
average
employment
(thousands).4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Sausages and other prepared meats
Poultry dressing plants......................
Poultry and egg processing..............

2013
2016
2017

72.7
118.3
19.3

21.1
18.7
19.1

20.7
18.8
21.7

10*5
7.4
7.5

10.9
7.6
10.2

10.5
11.2
11.5

9.8
11.2
11.5

163.6
115.8
109.5

175.2
119.0
180.7

Dairy products......................................
Creamery b u tter................................
Cheese, natural and processed........
Condensed and evaporated m ilk......
Ice cream and frozen desserts.........
Fluid m ilk............................................

2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2026

163.4
2.0
38.6
16.3
19.0
87.6

14.2
16.5
14.5
10.3
15.2
14.5

14.3
13.3
14.4
10.9
17.3
14.3

6.8
7.9
6.9
5.1
7.3
6.9

6.9
6.2
6.3
5.2
8.0
7.3

7.4
8.6
7.6
5.2
7.9
7.5

7.4
7.1
8.1
5.7
9.3
7.0

111.5
161.5
98.9
81.1
125.6
117.7

121.4
99.3
91.2
84.7
133.1
138.4

Preserved fruits and vegetables..........
Canned specialties............................
Canned fruits and vegetables...........
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables,
soups ...............................................
Pickles, sauces, and salad
dressing...........................................
Frozen fruits and vegetables ...........
Frozen specialties..............................

2030
2032
2033

236.1
25.2
86.8

14.3
11.1
14.9

14.5
10.1
16.1

6.9
5.5
6.7

7.2
5.1
7.8

7.4
5.6
8.1

7.3
5.0
8.3

115.6
90.4
100.9

116.1
83.8
109.1

2034

17.6

15.9

15.0

8.0

8.1

7.9

6.9

143.5

149.5

2035
2037
2038

20.7
48.8
37.0

15.9
14.5
13.3

14.5
15.2
12.5

7.0
7.5
7.1

6.4
7.6
6.8

8.9
7.0
6.2

8.1
7.6
5.7

105.5
144.2
124.4

111.1
136.2
117.4

Grain mill products...............................
Flour and other grain mill
products..........................................
Cereal breakfast foods......................
Rice m illing........................................
Blended and prepared flo u r.............
Wet corn m illing................................
Dog, cat, and other pet food ............
Prepared feeds, n.e.c........................

2040

130.4

11.7

11.9

5.7

6.0

6.0

5.9

107.6

111.4

2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

24.8
18.5
5.5
6.9
10.2
17.0
47.5

13.0
8.7
15.2
12.7
9.3
13.6
11.3

11.9
9.1
18.7
12.8
9.2
12.3
12.6

5.9
5.3
8.0
6.5
4.6
6.8
5.2

5.1
5.6
9.2
6.6
4.6
6.5
6.4

7.1
3.4
7.2
6.2
4.7
6.8
6.1

6.8
3.5
9.5
6.2
4.6
5.8
6.2

102.6
104.1
164.1
116.2
103.6
125.4
98.6

95.3
117.2
176.8
125.7
97.9
126.2
106.1

Bakery products...................................
Bread, cake, and related products ....
Cookies and crackers.......................

2050
2051
2052

211.2
166.1
45.1

12.5
12.8
11.7

12.1
12.1
12.0

6.3
6.6
5.3

6.1
6.2
5.8

6.2
6.2
6.4

6.0
5.9
6.2

127.1
133.5
102.1

122.2
126.4
106.6

Sugar and confectionery products......
Raw cane sugar ................................
Cane sugar refining...........................
Beet sugar.........................................
Confectionery products.....................
Chocolate and cocoa products.........
Chewing gum .....................................

2060
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

101.2
n.a.
7.5
9.8
55.6
n.a.
n.a.

13.5
27.0
10.7
16.4
12.3
10.4
10.8

12.6
20.7
7.3
17.1
12.3
10.2
9.1

6.7
15.3
6.3
9.5
5.3
5.1
4.8

6.1
10.2
3.2
9.6
5.7
5.2
4.0

6.9
11.6
4.4
6.8
6.9
5.4
6.0

6.6
10.5
4.2
7.5
6.7
5.0
5.1

101.4
181.8
115.2
139.5
88.7
70.9
72.0

92.8
141.2
70.9
112.7
88.9
90.7
63.8

Fats and oils ........................................
Cottonseed oil m ills...........................
Soybean oil m ills................................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c...................
Animal and marine fats and o ils .......
Shortening and cooking o ils .............

2070
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

36.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
9.5
11.7

15.4
16.9
11.9
10.6
21.4
13.6

15.4
16.3
10.4
13.2
22.5
13.5

6.9
6.5
4.3
4.9
11.3
6.0

7.4
7.9
4.3
5.9
12.1
6.2

8.6
10.3
7.6
5.7
10.1
7.6

8.0
8.4
6.1
7.3
10.4
7.4

118.4
109.7
92.0
91.6
182.3
97.7

126.7
143.4
77.4
100.7
198.4
104.1

Beverages.............................................
Malt beverages ..................................
M alt.....................................................
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits....
Distilled liquor, except brandy...........
Bottled and canned soft drinks ........
Flavoring extracts and sirups,
n.e.c.................................................

2080
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086

214.5
41.2
n.a.
14.3
14.2
128.9

17.9
12.4
19.8
21.9
12.3
20.7

17.9
11.6
20.5
19.9
14.4
21.0

8.8
4.6
9.6
10.2
6.5
10.8

8.7
4.4
11.2
8.7
7.6
10.7

9.1
7.9
10.1
11.6
5.8
10.0

9.2
7.2
9.3
11.3
6.8
10.3

137.9
94.0
178.1
160.4
117.7
160.1

130.1
86.6
190.6
134.8
116.9
151.3

2087

n.a.

10.7

8.2

5.2

3.8

5.5

4.4

63.5

55.4

Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products ..............................................
Fresh or frozen packaged fis h ..........
Roasted coffee .................................
Macaroni and spaghetti ....................
Food preparations, n.e.c...................

2090
2092
2095
2098
2099

168.1
36.7
12.2
8.1
91.9

14.1
17.9
10.1
17.8
12.3

14.3
17.3
9.7
17.0
13.2

6.4
8.0
4.8
7.8
5.6

7.0
8.4
4.6
8.1
6.4

7.6
9.9
5.3
10.0
6.6

7.4
8.9
5.1
8.9
6.8

105.8
101.3
107.9
186.4
92.6

112.0
115.6
75.4
193.3
105.8

Tobacco manufactures...........................

2100

64.8

6.5

7.7

3.0

3.2

3.6

4.5

42.8

51.7

Cigarettes .............................................
Cigars....................................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco..........

2110
2120
2130

45.3
5.7
n.a.

5.0
7.2
9.7

5.7
6.3
7.8

2.3
3.4
3.7

2.5
3.0
2.8

2.7
3.8
6.0

3.1
3.3
4.9

37.8
36.2
61.3

50.2
41.1
29.3

See footnotes at end of table.




14

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
ia t i4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Tobacco stemming and redrying.........................

2140

n.a.

14.5

17.8

6.7

6.7

7.9

11.0

72.2

73.4

Textile mill products................................................

2200

746.0

7.4

8.0

2.8

3.0

4.6

4.9

51.4

54.0

Weaving mills, cotton...........................................
Weaving mills, synthetics....................................
Weaving and finishing mills, wool .......................
Narrow fabric m ills................................................

2210
2220
2230
2240

119.1
99.5
18.0
23.4

5.3
5.4
9.3
9.0

5.1
6.2
11.9
10.8

1.6
1.9
4.7
3.6

1.8
2.1
5.8
4.2

3.7
3.5
4.6
5.4

3.3
4.1
6.0
6.6

33.8
42.6
85.6
54.3

36.6
38.0
123.8
70.1

Knitting m ills.........................................................
Women’s hoisery, except socks.......................
Hoisery, n.e.c ....................................................
Knit outerwear m ills...........................................
Knit underwear m ills..........................................
Circular knit fabric m ills.....................................
Warp knit fabric m ills.........................................
Knitting mills, n.e.c ............................................

2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

204.0
33.3
34.7
65.8
27.5
24.7
n.a.
n.a.

6.4
4.7
6.3
6.0
5.5
8.9
8.4
8.7

6.9
4.8
6.7
6.5
7.7
8.0
9.9
9.8

2.6
2.1
2.5
2.2
2.6
3.5
3.8
5.0

2.9
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.9
3.4
4.4
5.1

3.8
2.5
3.9
3.8
2.9
5.3
4.6
3.7

4.0
2.4
4.1
3.9
4.8
4.6
5.6
4.7

39.8
29.6
37.8
30.8
41.4
52.8
67.6
75.4

43.3
53.9
31.4
27.4
si, 43.7
57.9
84.1
66.0

Textile finishing, except w o o l...............................
Finishing plants, cotton.....................................
Finishing plants, synthetics ..............................
Finishing plants, n .e .c .......................................

2260
2261
2262
2269

68.1
26.3
23.6
18.2

10.6
9.3
10.0
13.7

10.5
9.5
9.6
13.2

4.4
3.9
4.1
5.6

4.6
4.1
4.5
5.5

6.2
5.4
5.9
8.0

5.9
5.3
5.1
7.6

85.5
78.8
73.9
115.4

88.1
83.0
77.5
109.4

Floor covering m ills..............................................
Woven carpets and rugs ..................................
Tufted carpets and ru g s ...................................

2270
2271
2272

53.3
n.a.
n.a.

8.9
12.7
8.4

10.4
10.0
10.3

3.4
5.1
3.2

3.7
4.7
3.6

5.5
7.5
5.3

6.7
5.3
6.7

68.5
83.4
65.0

75.4
58.8
78.7

Yam and thread m ills...........................................
Yarn mills, except w o o l.....................................
Throwing and winding m ills ..............................
Wool yarn mills ..................................................
Thread m ills.......................................................

2280
2281
2282
2283
2284

105.7
72.6
16.8
7.2
9.1

8.0
7.9
8.2
10.0
5.8

7.9
8.0
7.6
9.1
7.2

2.5
2.2
2.9
4.0
2.1

2.4
2.1
2.9
3.9
2.6

5.5
5.7
5.3
6.0
3.7

5.5
5.9
4.7
5.2
4.6

45.8
42.1
51.9
64.6
49.6

44.2
35.9
68.9
60.5
52.3

Miscellaneous textile goods................................
Felt goods, except woven felts and
hats..................................................................
Lace goods........................................................
Paddings and upholstery fillin g .........................
Processed textile waste....................................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized..........................
Tire cord and fabric...........................................
Nonwoven fabrics..............................................
Cordage and twine ............................................
Textile goods, n .e .c...........................................

2290

55.1

11.5

13.1

4.7

5.2

6.9

7.9

88.8

82.9

2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
6.5
10.6
6.7
n.a.
8.0
23.4

13.7

5.9
5.3
4.7
5.1
2.0
4.8
5.9
3.4

6.2
4.8
6.4
5.5
5.3
3.1
4.1
6.8
4.1

7.7

14.5
11.7
12.4
6.5
10.9
14.8
7.2

14.5
13.9
17.7
12.8
14.2
7.8
11.0
16.1
10.9

9.2
7.1
7.3
4.5
6.0
9.0
3.7

8.3
9.1
11.3
7.3
8.8
4.8
6.8
9.3
6.8

108.1
84.5
87.4
113.4
60.1
67.0
76.2
104.3

117.3
70.1
102.8
111.2
88.7
48.1
55.0
85.8
65.7

Apparel and other textile products ........................

2300

1,196.6

6.4

6.7

2.4

2.5

4.0

4.2

40.6

40.9

Men’s and boys’ suits and c o a ts ........................

2310

72.1

7.0

6.5

2.9

2.8

4.1

3.8

50.3

57.1

Men’s and boys’ furnishings...............................
Men’s and boys’ shirts and
nightwear ........................................................
Men’s and boys’ underwear..............................
Men’s and boys’ neckwear ..............................
Men’s and boys’ separate trousers..................
Men’s and boys’ work clothing.........................
Men’s and boys’ clothing, n.e.c........................

2320

337.6

7.7

8.1

3.1

3.2

4.6

4.9

51.2

52.5

2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

97.3
15.9
7.2
65.6
99.0
52.7

6.0
6.1
3.1
7.4
10.8
6.1

6.5
5.9
4.1
9.1
9.9
7.9

2.4
2.1
.7
3.0
4.6
2.1

2.3
2.6
1.5
3.4
4.3
2.9

3.6
4.0
2.4
4.4
6.2
4.0

4.2
3.3
2.6
5.7
5.6
5.0

37.5
46.8
13.3
51.0
78.2
30.9

31.7
77.7
30.5
54.6
73.9
45.1

2330

387.3

4.7

4.8

1.7

1.7

3.0

3.2

31.5

27.2

2331
2335

60.3
118.2

4.1
3.3

4.7
3.1

1.3
1.1

1.3
1.0

2.8
2.2

3.4
2.1

23.4
22.3

21.8
15.8

-

-

-

Women’s and misses’ outerwear........................
Women’s and misses’ blouse and
waists ..............................................................
Women’s and misses' dresses.........................
Women’s and misses’ suits
and coats........................................................
Women’s and misses’ outerwear,
n.e.c.................................................................

2337

53.5

4.2

4.8

1.5

1.7

2.7

3.1

26.4

34.2

2339

155.2

6.2

6.2

2.3

2.3

3.9

3.9

44.3

35.3

Women’s and children’s undergarments............
Women’s and children’s underwear.................
Brassieres and allied garm ents........................

2340
2341
2342

85.6
69.1
16.5

6.6
6.3
7.5

5.8
5.7
6.4

1.8
1.8
2.1

2.2
2.1
2.4

4.7
4.6
5.4

3.6
3.6
4.0

27.5
27.0
29.4

33.1
30.9
42.4

See footnotes at end of table.




15

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Lost
workdays
1983

1984

Hats, caps, and m illinery.....................................
Millinery..............................................................
Hats and caps, except millinery........................

2350
2351
2352

16.9
n.a.
n.a.

5.8
6.2

7.6
4.9
8.0

2.3
2.5

3.0
.6
3.3

3.6
3.7

4.6
4.3
4.7

34.1
39.3

48.7
13.1
53.5

Children’s outerwear............................................
Children’s dresses and blouses........................
Children’s outerwear, nec...................................

2360
2361
2369

63.9
27.3
32.4

5.2
5.0
-

5.8
5.3
6.3

1.8
1.7
-

2.0
1.9
2.1

3.4
3.4
-

3.8
3.4
4.2

35.4
34.9
-

34.3
34.2
32.8

Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories........................................................
Fabric dress and work gloves...........................
Waterproof outergarments................................
Apparel b e lts ......................................................
Apparel and accessories, nec............................

2380
2381
2385
2387
2389

46.0
9.0
8.2
10.2
6.1

5.4
3.8
5.5
6.0
-

5.9
4.3
7.7
4.7
6.6

2.1
1.6
2.1
2.2
-

2.2
2.0
3.4
1.8
1.6

3.2
2.2
3.4
3.8
-

3.7
2.3
4.3
3.0
5.0

27.6
25.4
31.5
23.0
-

34.7
33.2
59.1
28.6
36.0

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products ..............................................................
Curtains and draperies......................................
House furnishings, n.e.c ...................................
Textile b a g s................ ” ....................................
Canvas and related products............................
Pleating and stitching........................................
Automotive and apparel trimmings...................
Fabricated textile products, n.e.c ......................

2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2399

184.3
26.6
52.4
8.4
16.9
14.2
36.7
n.a.

8.4
8.3
9.1
10.6
9.9
5.4
5.5
11.6

8.9
7.8
10.9
11.4
9.3
5.0
8.2
8.6

3.1
3.2
3.4
4.0
4.0
2.1
2.1
3.9

3.4
3.4
3.8
4.7
3.9
2.0
2.7
3.4

5.2
5.1
5.6
6.6
5.9
3.3
3.4
7.7

5.6
4.4
7.1
6.8
5.4
3.0
5.5
5.2

49.6
55.0
56.4
53.3
53.1
38.0
44.4
43.4

48.2
54.4
55.4
77.5
64.3
24.7
37.3
37.4

Paper and allied products......................................

2600

681.2

10.0

10.4

4.5

4.7

5.5

5.6

90.3

93.8

Pulp m ills ..............................................................
Paper mills, except building paper......................
Paperboard m ills...................................................

2610
2620
2630

200.9
n.a.
57.4

6.9
7.7
8.9

6.6
7.7
8.9

3.4
3.3
3.7

3.2
3.3
4.2

3.5
4.4
5.2

3.4
4.3
4.7

82.9
86.3
89.0

85.4
86.2
99.3

Miscellaneous converted paper
products ..............................................................
Paper coating and glazing................................
Envelopes..........................................................
Bags, except textile b a g s .................................
Die-cut paper and board...................................
Pressed and molded pulp goods......................
Sanitary paper products....................................
Stationery products ...........................................
Converted paper products, n .e .c......................

2640
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

226.4
58.3
26.0
50.4
18.0
n.a.
28.6
n.a.
n.a.

10.5
8.1
12.9
11.8
12.0
9.2
8.1
10.6
12.5

11.2
9.3
14.9
12.2
11.1
10.4
7.2
13.6
13.0

5.0
3.6
5.7
5.3
6.0
5.0
4.3
6.0
6.0

5.3
4.5
7.2
5.2
5.5
6.0
3.4
7.5
6.0

5.5
4.4
7.1
6.4
6.0
4.2
3.7
4.6
6.5

5.9
4.8
7.7
7.0
5.6
4.4
3.7
6.1
7.0

84.8
58.1
97.0
85.7
99.2
112.2
81.2
80.5
116.5

89.7
76.8
115.6
92.4
84.4
159.9
76.3
100.5
93.7

Paperboard containers and boxes......................
Folding paperboard boxes................................
Set-up paperboard boxes.................................
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes.....................
Sanitary food containers.................... ...............
Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products ..........................................................

2650
2651
2652
2653
2654

196.5
42.2
11.4
101.4
24.3

12.1
12.6
11.4
13.0
8.2

12.7
12.9
12.8
13.3
10.5

5.4
5.5
4.5
5.6
4.3

5.7
5.7
5.9
5.9
5.2

6.8
7.1
6.9
7.3
3.8

7.0
7.2
7.0
7.4
5.3

102.9
103.9
76.2
111.7
80.9

105.0
107.0
102.7
104.6
98.4

2655

17.3

11.7

12.0

5.1

5.8

6.6

6.2

93.8

113.0

Building paper and board m ills............................

2660

n.a.

-

9.9

-

4.4

-

5.5

-

86.5

Printing and publishing ...........................................

2700

1,372.4

6.6

6.5

2.9

2.9

3.7

3.6

44.6

46.0

Newspapers .........................................................
Periodicals.................... ........................................

2710
2720

440.6
106.7

6.2
3.6

6.5
3.2

2.8
1.9

3.0
1.8

3.4
1.7

3.5
1.5

47.5
29.3

51.3
28.3

Books ....................................................................
Book publishing..................................................

2730
2731

102.3
76.3

5.6
3.9

5.5
3.8

2.4
1.7

2.3
1.7

3.2
2.2

3.2
2.2

39.5
29.4

34.6
22.0

Miscellaneous publishing.....................................

2740

65.3

3.3

3.4

1.5

1.5

1.9

1.9

21.9

23.0

Commercial printing .............................................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......................
Commercial printing, lithographic .....................
Engraving and plate printing .............................
Commercial printing, gravure ............................

2750
2751
2752
2753
2754

467.9
156.7
286.1
11.1
14.0

7.8
7.0
8.2
6.2
10.6

7.5
7.0
7.7
7.3
9.6

3.3
3.2
3.4
2.2
4.9

3.3
3.0
3.4
3.0
4.6

4.5
3.9
4.8
4.1
5.7

4.2
4.0
4.3
4.3
5.0

48.3
51.8
45.6
32.6
75.1

49.2
46.5
49.4
56.5
67.2

Manifold business form s......................................

2760

47.8

9.5

10.2

4.2

4.4

5.3

5.8

62.1

69.0

See footnotes at end of table.




16

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

ia«4
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Lost
workdays
1983

1984

Greeting card publishing......................................

2770

24.3

5.9

5.6

2.7

2.9

3.3

2.7

43.7

43.9

Blankbooks and bookbinding..............................
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders...................
Bookbinding and related w o rk ..........................

2780
2782
2789

69.3
41.5
27.7

9.4
9.9
8.5

9.5
9.5
9.4

4.1
4.2
3.8

4.4
4.2
4.8

5.3
5.7
4.7

5.0
5.3
4.6

60.0
61.2
58.0

65.9
58.8
76.5

Printing trade services.........................................
Typesetting........................................................

2790
2791

48.3
30.9

2.1
1.4

2.2
1.4

.6
.4

.8
.6

1.4
1.0

1.4
.8

9.9
8.3

9.6
8.2

Chemicals and allied products...............................

2800

1,048.1

5.5

5.3

2.5

2.4

3.0

2.8

42.3

40.8

Industrial inorganic chemicals..............................
Alkalies and chlorine.........................................
Industrial gases..................................................
Inorganic pigments ............................................

2810
2812
2813
2816

142.7
15.6
23.6
9.8

3.9
4.0
3.1
-

3.2
2.5
3.5
6.0

1.7
1.7
1.4
-

1.4
1.1
1.5
2.5

2.2
2.3
1.8
-

1.8
1.3
1.9
3.4

33.4
38.1
29.6
-

27.5
20.5
28.9
37.8

Plastics materials and synthetics........................
Plastics materials and resins ............................
Synthetic rubber.................................................
Cellulosic man-made fib e rs ..............................
Organic fibers, noncellulosic.............................

2820
2821
2822
2823
2824

176.7
75.3
13.2
18.9
69.3

3.7
5.0
5.3
4.3
1.8

3.9
5.7
4.7
4.4
1.4

1.6
2.2
2.5
2.1
.6

1.7
2.6
2.1
2.0
.4

2.1
2.8
2.8
2.2
1.2

2.2
3.1
2.5
2.4
1.0

29.9
39.5
43.0
49.4
12.6

29.8
42.2
29.7
54.2
9.1

Drugs.....................................................................
Biological products............................................
Medicinals and botanicals................................
Pharmaceutical preparations.............................

2830
2831
2833
2834

205.6
22.2
17.8
165.6

5.6
5.2
5.7
5.7

4.9
4.9
5.8
4.7

2.7
2.6
2.7
2.8

2.5
2.4
3.1
2.5

2.9
2.6
2.9
2.9

2.3
2.5
2.8
2.3

38.0
36.9
38.2
38.1

37.5
34.0
41.5
37.5

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods ........................
Soap and other detergents..............................
Polishes and sanitation goods..........................
Surface active agents.......................................
Toilet preparations.............................................

2840
2841
2842
2843
2844

145.4
41.0
n.a.
n.a.
66.8

7.1
6.7
9.0
7.8
6.4

7.5
7.3
8.9
8.5
6.8

3.4
3.4
4.0
3.8
3.0

3.4
3.7
3.8
3.5
3.1

3.8
3.3
5.0
3.9
3.4

4.1
3.6
5.1
5.0
3.8

56.0
55.3
68.2
66.8
49.4

57.6
62.8
65.6
67.7
49.4

Paints and allied products...................................

2850

61.8

9.4

9.7

3.9

4.4

5.5

5.2

59.4

68.1
31.3
48.3
42.6

Industrial organic chemicals................................
Gum and wood chemicals................................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates.......................
Industrial organic chemicals,
n.e.c.................................................................

2860
2861
2865

163.7
n.a.
31.5

3.9
7.2
3.8

3.7
6.1
5.1

1.6
3.7
1.9

1.7
3.0
2.2

2.3
3.4
1.9

2.0
3.1
2.8

36.2
87.5
43.5

2869

n.a.

3.7

3.3

1.3

1.5

2.3

1.8

30.3

27.4

Agricultural chemicals..........................................
Phosphatic fertilizers.........................................
Fertilizers, mixing o n ly.......................................

2870
2874
2875

60.7
13.2
12.3

6.2
5.3
10.1

6.5
6.0
10.1

2.8
2.8
4.2

2.7
3.1
4.4

3.5
2.5
5.9

3.8
2.9
5.7

56.2
66.9
78.0

57.1
75.5
61.9

Miscellaneous chemical products .......................
Adhesives and sealants....................................
Explosives..........................................................
Printing in k .........................................................
Carbon b la c k.....................................................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c.............................

2890
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

91.5
21.6
15.7
12.0
n.a.
n.a.

8.8
12.5
4.4
13.4

4.0
5.6
1.9
6.7

4.3

4.1
5.3
2.4
6.0
1.5
3.8

61.6
73.5
41.6
65.3

3.3

3.4
4.4
1.6
4.6
2.9
3.1

4.8
7.0
2.5
6.7

7.6

7.5
9.7
4.0
10.5
4.4
6.9

62.8

52.2
65.4
27.0
60.2
62.6
51.9

Petroleum and coal products .................................

2900

188.8

5.5

5.1

2.4

2.4

3.0

2.7

46.8

53.5

Petroleum refining ................................................

2910

150.9

3.9

3.4

1.6

1.6

2.2

1.8

32.5

37.3

Paving and roofing materials...............................
Paving mixtures and blocks ..............................
Asphalt felts and coatings................................

2950
2951
2952

26.9
11.5
15.5

12.2
12.5
11.9

11.8
11.2
12.3

5.7
5.6
5.8

5.7
5.3
6.0

6.4
6.9
6.1

6.2
5.9
6.3

114.9
105.2
122.1

128.1
126.4
129.3

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products........................................................ .
Lubricating oils and greases.............................
Petroleum and coal products, n .e .c.................

2990
2992
2999

11.0
n.a.
n.a.

12.3
11.6
17.9

11.6
11.4
13.3

5.9
5.5
8.8

5.2
4.9
7.3

6.4
6.0
9.1

6.4
6.5
6.0

93.8
90.4
119.8

90.2
84.3
136.1

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products................................................................

3000

781.5

13.0

13.6

6.2

6.4

6.8

7.1

101.4

104.3

Tires and inner tubes...........................................
Rubber and plastics footwear..............................

3010
3020

94.5
16.5

8.6
11.8

7.9
11.3

6.3
6.1

5.4
6.4

2.3
5.7

2.5
4.9

119.0
141.2

103.8
118.6

See footnotes at end of table.




17

.

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry 2

SIC
- code 3

iy»4
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Reclaimed rubber.................................................
Rubber and plastics hose and
belting ................................................................
Fabricated rubber products, n .e .c.......................
Miscellaneous plastics products..........................

3030

n.a.

19.3

22.8

9.0

13.4

10.3

9.4

217.2

204.5

3040
3060
3070

n.a.
109.8
539.5

9.8
13.5
14.0

11.5
14.1
14.7

4.7
6.5
6.2

5.9
7.1
6.5

5.1
7.0
7.8

5.7
7.0
8.2

84.2
101.8
97.2

109.9
115.9
101.3

Leather and leather products.................................

3100

192.2

10.0

10.5

4.4

4.7

5.6

5.8

87.3

94.4

Leather tanning and finishing ..............................
Boot and shoe cut stock and
findings...............................................................

3110

16.7

19.6

20.2

9.9

10.3

9.7

9.8

186.8

199.0

3130

9.0

11.4

11.7

5.6

5.2

5.8

6.5

105.4

76.8

Footwear, except rubber.....................................
House slippers ...................................................
Men’s footwear, except athletic........................
Women’s footwear, except athletic..................
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........................

3140
3142
3143
3144
3149

116.1
7.2
47.9
43.5
17.6

9.3
8.2
9.8
7.7
12.2

9.9
9.6
10.9
8.6
10.5

4.1
3.8
4.4
3.5
4.9

4.5
4.7
4.9
3.7
5.2

5.2
4.3
5.4
4.2
7.3

5.4
4.9
6.0
4.9
5.3

87.7
63.1
97.0
82.1
86.8

98.9
97.7
102.5
78.5
138.4

Leather gloves and mittens .................................
Luggage ................................................................

3150
3160

3.4
13.7

4.5
9.5

11.9
11.0

1.7
4.1

2.3
4.3

2.8
5.4

9.6
6.7

45.1
62.7

50.2
73.9

Handbags and personal leather g o o ds..............
Women’s handbags and purses.......................
Personal leather goods, n .e .c...........................

3170
3171
3172

25.0
13.8
11.1

7.1
6.4
8.0

5.7
4.8
6.7

2.6
2.1
3.3

2.5
1.9
3.2

4.5
4.3
4.7

3.2
3.0
3.5

36.2
35.0
37.8

43.1
32.7
55.6

Leather goods, nec...............................................

3190

8.3

-

8.5

-

2.5

-

6.0

-

34.6

5,171.0

8.2

8.8

4.7

5.2

3.5

3.6

94.9

105.1

Transportation and public utilities.............................
Railroad transportation 8.........................................

4000

368.6

8.0

8.7

5.3

5.8

2.7

2.9

76.9

93.3

Local and interurban passenger transit.................
Local and suburban transportation.....................
Taxicabs................................................................
Intercity highway transportation...........................
Transportation charter service.............................
School bu se s........................................................

4100
4110
4120
4130
4140
4150

268.9
84.8
39.0
37.4
n.a.
86.7

9.7
13.8
3.8
12.2
9.7
6.7

9.0
12.2
4.7
11.9
5.7
6.1

5.4
8.0
2.5
7.1
3.9
3.3

5.3
7.5
2.9
7.1
2.8
3.3

4.3
5.8
1.3
5.1
5.9
3.4

3.6
4.7
1.8
4.8
3.0
2.8

114.3
133.0
64.9
196.5
127.4
63.8

114.0
128.1
60.7
223.7
49.1
73.4

Trucking and warehousing.....................................
Trucking, local and long distance.......................
Public warehousing ..............................................

4200
4210
4220

1,324.3
1,230.6
93.7

13.3
13.3
13.9

14.5
14.6
13.3

8.1
8.1
7.1

9.1
9.3
6.6

5.2
5.1
6.9

5.4
5.3
6.7

185.7
189.3
133.0

207.7
213.3
132.2

Water transportation...............................................
Water transportation services..............................

4400
4460

199.2
107.7

10.8
17.1

13.2
17.8

6.4
10.5

7.3
10.5

4.4
6.6

5.8
7.3

229.9
401.0

270.0
414.6

Transportation by a ir...............................................
Certificated air transportation...............................
Noncertificated air transportation........................
Air transportation services...................................

4500
4510
4520
4580

493.0
404.9
29.8
58.2

12.7
13.3

7.3
7.7
5.7

7.5
7.9
4.3
6.2

5.4
5.6

11.0

13.1
13.3
10.8
12.6

5.2

5.6
5.5
6.5
6.3

97.7
103.7
76.0

107.8
115.8
53.2
78.1

Pipelines, except natural g a s.................................

4600

19.1

4.2

4.1

1.5

1.7

2.7

2.5

24.7

40.6

Transportation services..........................................
Freight forwarding.................................................
Arrangement of transportation.............................
Miscellaneous transportation
services..............................................................

4700
4710
4720

255.9
59.3
173.5

3.4
6.9
1.1

3.9
7.1
1.3

1.8
3.7
.6

2.2
3.9
.6

1.6
3.2
.5

1.7
3.1
.6

37.9
66.2
17.3

37.4
67.0
10.9

4780

14.5

12.3

14.4

6.0

8.4

6.3

6.0

133.6

155.2

Communication.......................................................
Telephone communication..................................
Telegraph communication...................................
Radio and television broadcasting......................
Communication services, n.e .c............................

4800
4810
4820
4830
4890

1,342.9
954.4
17.9
231.8
138.7

2.9
2.0
3.8
2.2
11.3

2.7
1.7
4.2
2.3
9.9

1.5
1.2
2.0
.9
4.8

1.4
1.1
1.7
.9
4.5

1.4
.8
1.8
1.3
6.5

1.2
.6
2.5
1.4
5.4

27.1
22.4
41.2
14.0
83.0

24.6
21.5
44.0
13.6
62.1

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......................
Electric services....................................................
Gas production and distribution...........................
Combination utility services..................................
Water supply.........................................................
Sanitary services ..................................................

4900
4910
4920
4930
4940
4950

898.9
442.1
172.4
200.3
21.7
59.0

7.2
6.2
6.9
5.7
10.6
20.9

7.4
6.3
7.4
5.7
11.9
19.9

3.6
2.9
3.5
3.1
5.3
11.1

3.7
2.9
3.5
3.0
6.0
10.8

3.6
3.3
3.4
2.6
5.3
9.8

3.7
3.3
3.9
2.6
5.9
9.2

61.4
52.2
49.8
59.9
91.9
170.1

59.5
48.0
50.8
57.4
73.6
169.0

See footnotes at end of table.




18

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 ’—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry *

SIC
code 3

1984
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Los?
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Wholesale and retail trade........................................

22,134.0

7.2

7.4

3.1

3.3

4.1

4.2

47.8

50.5

Wholesale trade.......................................................

5,550.0

7.0

7.2

3.2

3.5

3.8

3.8

50.6

55.5

5000

3,272.0

6.4

6.7

2.7

3.0

3.7

3.8

39.7

45.3

5010
5020
5030

423.9
124.6
201.4

6.9
11.1

8.4
7.5
11.4

2.9
4.9

3.6
3.5
5.7

4.0
6.2

4.7
3.9
5.7

46.2
68.9

58.1
43.2
86.2

5050
5060

137.4
476.7

11.6
-

12.4
3.1

5.0
-

5.7
1.5

6.6
-

6.7
1.6

80.6
-

91.9
24.9

5070
5080
5090

249.9
1,393.1
191.8

6.0
5.7
10.2

6.3
6.0
9.6

2.6
2.3
4.8

3.0
2.3
5.0

3.4
3.5
5.4

3.3
3.7
4.6

29.7
32.1
73.4

40.5
33.6
90.0

5100
5110
5140
5150
5160
5170
5180
5190

2,278.0
175.0
710.3
144.0
130.7
206.8
153.0
415.2

7.9
4.9
12.3
6.9
4.5
11.5
5.4

8.0
7.0
11.7
7.8
4.5
4.2
13.2
5.9

4.1
2.8
6.6
2.9
2.2
6.3
2.8

4.2
3.8
6.5
3.5
2.1
2.2
7.1
2.8

3.8
2.1
5.7
3.9
2.4
5.2
2.7

3.8
3.2
5.2
4.2
2.4
1.9
6.0
3.1

66.3
43.2
106.0
64.1
45.9
103.1
40.6

70.6
61.4
109.5
56.9
44.9
118.9
47.8

16,584.0

7.3

7.5

3.0

3.2

4.3

4.3

46.7

48.4

Wholesale trade-durable g o o d s.............................
Motor vehicles and automotive
equipment..........................................................
Furniture and home furnishings...........................
Lumber and construction materials.....................
Metals and minerals, except
petroleum...........................................................
Electrical g oods....................................................
Hardware, plumbing and heating
equipment..........................................................
Machinery, equipment, and supplies...................
Miscellaneous durable g o o ds..............................
Wholesale trade-nondurable goods.......................
Paper and paper products ..................................
Groceries and related products...........................
Farm-product raw materials................................
Chemicals and allied products.............................
Petroleum and petroleum products.....................
Beer, wine, and distilled beverages....................
Miscellaneous nondurable goods........................
Retail trad e ...............................................................

-

Building materials and garden supplies................
Lumber and other building materials..................
Paint, glass, and wallpaper sto re s......................
Hardware sto re s..................................................
Retail nurseries and garden stores.....................

5200
5210
5230
5250
5260

658.3
343.6
64.9
154.8
65.7

8.5
10.8
7.6
4.8
6.5

9.6
12.6
9.0
4.9
6.4

3.7
4.9
2.7
1.9
2.8

4.5
6.0
3.5
2.1
3.1

4.8
5.9
4.8
2.9
3.7

5.2
6.6
5.5
2.8
3.3

57.9
75.7
48.8
24.4
34.6

66.2
92.7
47.1
26.8
34.1

General merchandise stores..................................
Department stores..................... ..........................
Variety stores.......................................................
Miscellaneous general merchandise
sto re s.................................................................

5300
5310
5330

2,277.6
1,925.2
216.3

9.7
10.2
7.3

9.8
10.3
8.0

4.0
4.2
2.7

4.1
4.4
2.9

5.7
6.0
4.6

5.6
5.9
5.1

55.8
60.1
35.9

60.8
64.9
43.8

5390

136.1

-

6.2

-

2.5

-

3.6

-

34.6

Food stores.............................................................
Grocery sto re s......................................................

5400
5410

2,654.7
2,317.8

10.4
11.2

10.8
11.8

4.5
4.8

4.9
5.4

5.9
6.4

5.9
6.4

79.8
86.0

85.9
94.3

Automotive dealers and service
stations.................................................................
New and used car dealers..................................
Auto and home supply stores..............................
Gasoline service stations....................................

5500
5510
5530
5540

1,802.1
796.4
296.0
581.0

6.8
8.6
9.2
3.6

7.0
8.5
8.5
3.9

2.5
2.7
4.2
1.5

2.7
2.8
4.3
1.8

4.4
5.9
5.0
2.2

4.2
5.7
4.3
2.1

39.7
41.1
66.8
27.4

46.6
44.8
64.6
44.4

Apparel and accessory stores...............................
Women’s ready-to-wear stores............................
Children’s and infants wear stores .....................
Family clothing stores..........................................
Shoe stores..........................................................

5600
5620
5640
5650
5660

1,002.4
363.2
34.0
200.3
208.3

2.4
-

1.0
1.9
-

1.1
1.2
.5
2.2
.7

1.4
2.4
-

1.6
1.8
2.4
2.6
1.0

17.9

4.3
-

2.8
3.0
2.9
4.9
1.8

21.7
-

19.5
23.8
28.7
7.0

Furniture and home furnishing stores ...................
Furniture and home furnishings
stores.................................................................
Household appliance stores ...............................
Radio, television, and music sto re s....................

5700

674.7

3.7

4.3

1.8

2.1

1.9

2.1

30.4

37.8

5710
5720
5730

390.9
82.9
200.9

4.2
3.7
2.5

5.1
4.0
2.9

2.1
1.9
1.2

2.7
1.9
1.2

2.1
1.8
1.4

2.4
2.1
1.7

35.6
27.6
20.5

46.4
50.2
16.7

Eating and drinking places.....................................

5800

5,403.3

7.8

7.8

3.0

3.0

4.7

4.7

40.5

34.3

Miscellaneous retail ................................................
Drug stores and proprietary stores.....................
Liquor s to re s........................................................
Used merchandise stores ...................................
Miscellaneous shopping goods stores ...............
Nonstore retailers.................................................
Fuel and ice dealers ............................................

5900
5910
5920
5930
5940
5960
5980

2,110.9
530.1
128.3
71.9
689.5
258.0
104.8

3.6
3.1
2.5
2.2
7.3
7.2

3.9
3.5
2.5
6.9
2.3
7.9
7.1

1.7
1.2

1.9

1.9
1.9

1.1

1.2
3.3
1.0
4.4
4.0

2.0
2.0
1.3
3.5
1.3
3.5

31.4
24.6
42.5
14.6
45.4
60.2

34.0
21.9
43.1
57.6
16.2
64.7
61.5

See footnotes at end of table.




19

-

1.0
3.6
3.9

1.4

1.4

1.2
3.7
3.2

3.1

-

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 6

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1983

1984

1.3

44.1

43.6

1.1

1.0

12.8

13.6

1983
Retail stores, n.e.c ...............................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate.........................

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

328.2

2.3

2.9

1.2

1.6

1.1

5,682.0

5990

Lost
workdays

2.0

1.9

.9

.9

Banking....................................................................
Commercial and stock savings banks................
Mutal savings banks ............................................
Functions closely related to banking..................

6000
6020
6030
6050

1,676.2
1,520.0
76.7
n.a.

1.6
1.7
-

1.6
1.5
2.3
.9

.6
.6
-

.7
.6
1.3
.6

1.0
1.0
-

.9
.9
.9
.4

8.2
7.9
-

10.7
9.0
36.2
15.3

Credit agencies other than banks..........................
Savings and loan associations............................
Personal credit institutions..................................
Mortgage bankers and brokers...........................

6100
6120
6140
6160

697.7
325.5
204.1
102.1

1.3
1.8
-

1.4
1.8
.8
1.4

.5
.7
-

.6
.7
.4
.6

.8
1.1
-

.8
1.1
.4
.7

6.3
7.2
-

7.9
9.0
8.8

Security, commodity brokers and
services ................................................................
Security brokers and dealers...............................
Security and commodity services........................

6200
6210
6280

339.7
274.1
n.a.

.8
.7
.9

.7
.6
1.1

.3
.2
.4

.3
.3
.5

.5
.5
.5

.4
.3
.6

3.8
3.1
4.5

4.7
3.0
10.5

Insurance carriers....................................................
Life insurance.......................................................
Medical service and health insurance................
Fire, marine, and casualty insurance..................

6300
6310
6320
6330

1,233.3
532.0
153.2
467.9

1.8
1.4
2.0
2.3

1.7
1.6
2.1
1.8

.8
.7
.9
.9

.8
.8
.9
.7

1.0
.7
1.1
1.4

.9
.8
1.1
1.1

12.5
12.7
12.0
12.2

11.9
14.1
13.4
10.2

Insurance agents, brokers and service.................

6400

519.3

.8

.8

.3

.3

.5

.5

4.4

4.9

Real estate..............................................................
Real estate operators and lessors......................
Real estate agents and managers......................
Subdividers and developers.................................

6500
6510
6530
6550

1,059.2
491.2
413.4
130.1

4.4
5.0
2.9
7.9

4.5
5.2
2.9
7.9

2.2
2.5
1.4
3.9

2.2
2.6
1.5
3.8

2.2
2.4
1.5
4.0

2.3
2.6
1.4
4.2

35.0
39.4
22.5
59.9

33.6
35.4
25.0
61.5

Combined real estate, insurance, e tc ....................

6600

15.0

-

.6

.3

-

7.7

20,761.0

5.1

5.2

2.4

2.5

2.7

2.7

37.0

41.1

Services......................................................................

-

.3

-

Hotels and other lodging places............................
Hotels, motels, and tourist co u rts.......................

7000
7010

1,271.0
1,225.5

9.2
9.3

9.8
10.0

3.8
3.8

4.1
4.2

5.4
5.5

5.7
5.8

54.5
55.3

63.4
65.1

Personal services.................................. .................
Laundry, cleaning, and garment
services..............................................................
Photographic studios, portrait..............................
Miscellaneous personal services.........................

7200

1,023.9

2.9

2.9

1.4

1.5

1.5

1.4

20.8

24.7

7210
7220
7290

366.3
52.6
n.a.

5.0
-

5.2
3.6
2.4

2.4

2.5
-

2.5
2.0
1.0

38.9
-

-

2.6
1.6
1.4

42.9
41.5
20.0

Business services....................................................
Services to buildings............................................
Personnel supply services...................................
Computer and data processing
services............. :...............................................
Miscellaneous business services ........................

7300
7340
7360

4,075.6
608.9
828.0

4.7
7.1
7.5

4.9
7.9
8.1

2.1
3.8
3.0

2.2
3.9
3.7

2.5
3.3
4.5

2.6
4.0
4.4

33.5
59.4
49.1

39.2
63.4
51.3

7370
7390

473.7
1,727.9

1.3
4.7

1.4
4.5

.5
2.2

.6
2.0

.8
2.6

.7
2.5

8.4
31.5

9.6
41.0

Auto repair, services, and garages........................
Automotive rentals, without drivers.....................
Automobile parking...............................................
Automotive repair shops......................................
Automotive services, except repair.....................

7500
7510
7520
7530
7540

683.2
138.6
44.2
424.8
75.6

7.1
8.2
7.4
5.0

6.9
7.3
3.7
7.4
4.4

3.3
4.5
3.2
2.5

3.2
3.8
1.7
3.3
1.9

3.8
3.7
4.1
2.5

3.7
3.5
2.0
4.1
2.5

52.3
68.6
52.6
37.7

52.6
63.8
29.7
53.2
40.2

Miscellaneous repair services ...............................
Electrical repair s h o p s.........................................
Miscellaneous repair shops.................................

7600
7620
7690

315.1
97.7
n.a.

7.9
5.5
9.8

8.2
6.2
10.1

3.7
2.5
4.7

4.0
3.0
4.9

4.1
2.9
5.2

4.2
3.1
5.2

61.8
41.9
76.8

68.8
55.8
82.3

Motion pictures.......................................................
Motion picture production and
services....................................... .......................
Motion picture theaters........................................

7800

219.8

4.1

4.1

1.6

1.7

2.5

2.4

29.0

30.7

7810
7830

99.4
108.6

5.4
2.7

1.7

3.2
1.6

_

1.2

2.2
1.1

.

2.9

14.3

39.4
19.2

Amusement and recreation services.....................
Bowling and billiard establishments....................
Miscellaneous amusement, recreational
services..............................................................

7900
7930

801.1
99.1

8.2
3.6

9.0
5.0

3.7
1.6

3.9
2.7

4.5
2.0

5.1
2.3

53.9
29.6

52.0
40.3

'7990

n.a.

8.4

8.4

3.8

3.5

4.6

4.8

50.0

44.6

See footnotes at end of table.




Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates by industry, 1983-and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 5
SIC
code 3

Industry 2

ia»4
annual
average
employment
(thousands)4

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 8

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Health services.......................................................
Nursing and personal care facilities....................
Hospitals...............................................................

8000
8050
8060

6,104.1
1,144.6
2,993.5

6.3
11.0
7.4

6.3
11.6
7.3

3.2
6.0
3.6

3.3
6.5
3.8

3.1
5.0
3.8

2.9
5.1
3.5

50.3
98.2
57.2

57.1
121.3
62.6

Legal services.........................................................

8100

649.7

.5

.5

.2

.2

.3

.2

4.8

5.3

Educational services...............................................
Colleges and universities.....................................

8200
8220

1,247.3
770.2

3.4
4.0

3.3
3.9

1.4
1.6

1.3
1.6

2.0
2.4

2.0
2.3

18.3
22.9

21.7
26.9

Social services........................................................
Individual and family services.............................
Job training and related services........................
Residential c a re ...................................................
Social services, n .e .c...........................................

8300
8320
8330
8360
8390

1,241.4
245.6
192.1
267.8
226.7

5.3
4.5
8.5
7.5
4.7

5.3
3.7
8.3
8.4
4.6

2.5
2.3
3.6
3.6
2.2

2.5
2.1
3.6
3.9
2.2

2.8
2.2
4.9
3.8
2.5

2.8
1.6
4.7
4.4
2.5

37.6
30.8
47.1
54.8
30.1

39.1
41.2
41.9
62.8
33.9

Museums, botanical, zoological gardens..............
Museums and art galleries..................................
Botanical and zoological gardens.......................

8400
8410
8420

42.1
n.a.
n.a.

6.4
4.4
14.8

6.3
4.2
15.0

2.7
1.8
6.1

2.7
2.0
6.0

3.7
2.5
8.6

3.5
2.2
9.0

33.5
23.4
76.3

40.0
25.2
102.5

Miscellaneous services ...m .....................................
Engineering and architectural
services..............................................................
Noncommercial research organizations.............
Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping...............

8900

1,158.1

1.3

1.4

.5

.6

.7

.8

7.7

9.0

8910
8920
8930

635.4
110.9
389.0

1.7
2.2
.3

1.9
2.5
.3

.7
1.0
.1

.8
1.2
.2

1.0
1.2
.2

1.1
1.3
.2

11.0
11.7
1.6

11.5
16.5
3.3

1
To maintain comparability with the rest of the series, a statistical method
was used for generating the estimates to represent the small nonfarm
employers in low-risk industries who were not surveyed for 1983 and 1984.
The estimating procedure involved averaging the data reported by small
employers for the 1980, 1981, and 1982 surveys.

N
EH

= number of injuries and illnesses or lost workdays
= total hours worked by all employees during the calendar
year
200,000 = base for 100 full-time workers (working 40 hours per
week, 50 weeks per year).

2 Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for
industries not shown separately.
3 S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u a l,
S up plem en t.

1972 Edition,

6 Includes fatalities. Because of rounding, the difference between the
total and the sum of the rates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases
without lost workdays may not reflect the fatality rate.

1977

7 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

4 Employment is expressed as an annual average and is derived primarily
from the BLS-State Current Employment and Earnings Survey. Annual
average employment for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing division is a
composite of employment data for agricultural production (SIC’s 01 and 02)
as obtained from the Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
and employment data for agricultural services (SIC 07); forestry (SIC 08); and
fishing, hunting, and trapping (SIC 09) as obtained from State unemployment
insurance programs.

8
Data conforming to OSHA definitions for employers in the railroad
industry and for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining were
provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S.
Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the
coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries.
NOTE: Dashes indicate that data do not meet publication guidelines.
Because of rounding, the components may not add to totals.

5 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 100
full-time workers and were calculated as:
(N/EH) X 200,000 where,




n.a. — data not available,
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

21

Table 2. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays by industry division, 1983 and 1984 1
(In thousands)
Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost workday
cases

Total cases 2
Industry division

Lost workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Private sector3................................................

4,854.1

5,419.7

2,182.7

2,501.5

2,667.6

2,913.4

37,201.4

42,983.8

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3 ..........................
Mining 4....................................................................
Construction............................................................
Manufacturing.........................................................
Durable g o o ds......................................................
Nondurable goods................................................
Transportation and public utilities..........................
Wholesale and retail trade.....................................
Wholesale tra d e ...................................................
Retail trade...........................................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate......................
Services...................................................................

88.0
78.9
494.6
1,772.8
1,078.0
694.8
379.1
1,186.4
346.2
840.2
95.3
759.1

93.6
94.1
582.0
1,988.6
1,261.3
727.3
427.9
1,314.5
379.8
934.7
98.6
820.5

45.1
42.2
210.0
763.7
450.8
312.9
217.9
506.0
160.4
345.6
42.0
355.9

47.4
52.0
258.8
873.6
543.0
330.7
251.6
579.1
181.1
398.0
45.1
393.9

42.8
36.5
283.9
1,008.2
626.6
381.6
160.5
679.9
185.6
494.3
53.1
402.8

46.0
41.7
322.4
1,114.1
717.8
396.3
175.4
734.4
198.1
536.3
53.3
426.0

668.8
1,178.9
3,944.9
12,983.0
7,643.1
5,339.9
4,395.4
7,873.5
2,496.1
5,377.4
622.6
5,534.4

709.6
1,560.7
4,794.9
14,644.1
9,071.9
5,572.2
5,131.5
8,925.9
2,910.3
6,015.6
691.0
6,525.9

Private sector3................................................

4,748.0

5,294.8

2,140.3

2,449.7

2,604.5

2,841.1

36,373.5

41,921.9

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3 ..........................
Mining 4....................................................................
Construction............................................................
Manufacturing.........................................................
Durable g o o d s......................................................
Nondurable goods................................................
Transportation and public utilities..........................
Wholesale and retail trade.....................................
Wholesale trade ...................................................
Retail trade...........................................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate......................
Services...................................................................

84.6
77.9
489.2
1,712.9
1,042.0
670.9
374.0
1,177.1
342.5
834.6
93.6
738.6

90.2
92.9
575.9
1,916.1
1,217.5
698.7
422.1
1,302.9
374.9
928.0
96.7
798.1

44.1
41.7
207.9
738.6
436.5
302.1
215.7
502.5
159.0
343.5
41.2
348.5

46.3
51.4
256.5
841.8
524.5
317.3
249.3
574.3
179.3
395.0
44.3
385.8

40.3
36.0
280.7
973.6
605.1
368.6
157.7
674.1
183.3
490.8
52.3
389.8

43.7
41.1
318.6
1,073.6
692.4
381.2
172.0
728.0
195.3
532.7
52.2
411.9

659.2
1,170.0
3,913.1
12,440.0
7,323.9
5,116.1
4,369.5
7,806.8
2,472.8
5,334.0
603.6
5,411.3

699.7
1,552.0
4,741.6
13,944.5
8,654.2
5,290.3
5,086.0
8,833.6
2,871.3
5,962.3
669.0
6,395.5

Private sector3................................................

106.1

124.8

42.4

51.8

63.1

72.3

827.9

1,061.9

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3 ..........................
Mining 4....................................................................
Construction............................................................
Manufacturing.........................................................
Durable g o o d s......................................................
Nondurable goods................................................
Transportation and public utilities..........................
Wholesale and retail trade.....................................
Wholesale trade ...................................................
Retail trade...........................................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate......................
Services...................................................................

3.5
1.0
5.4
59.8
36.0
23.9
5.0
9.3
3.7
5.6
1.6
20.5

3.4
1.3
6.1
72.4
43.9
28.6
5.8
11.5
4.9
6.7
1.9
22.4

1.0
.5
2.0
25.2
14.4
10.8
2.1
3.5
1.4
2.1
.8
7.3

1.1
.6
2.2
31.9
18.5
13.4
2.3
4.8
1.8
3.0
.8
8.1

2.5
.5
3.2
34.6
21.5
13.0
2.8
5.8
2.3
3.4
.8
13.0

2.3
.6
3.8
40.5
25.3
15.1
3.4
6.5
2.8
3.6
1.0
14.1

9.6
8.9
31.8
543.0
319.3
223.8
25.8
66.7
23.3
43.4
19.0
123.1

9.9
8.8
53.3
699.7
417.8
281.9
45.5
92.4
39.0
53.4
22.0
130.4

Injuries and illnesses

Injuries

Illnesses

3 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

1 To maintain comparability with the rest of the series, a statistical method
was used for generating the estimates to represent the small nonfarm
employers in low-risk industries who were not surveyed for 1983 and 1984.
The estimating procedure involved averaging the data reported by small
employers for the 1980, 1981, and 1982 surveys.

4 Excludes independent mining contractors.
NOTE: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals. The
difference between the number of total cases and the sum of the lost
workday cases and nonfatal cases without lost workdays may not equal the
fatality estimate.

2 Includes fatalities.




22

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Private sector6...................................................

7.5

7.8

3.4

3.6

4.1

4.2

57.2

61.8

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 6 .............................

11.5

11.5

6.0

5.9

5.5

5.6

89.5

89.4

13.1
9.6
9.8
4.8

13.0
9.8
13.5
6.0

6.8
5.0
5.5
2.9

6.6
5.0
8.3
3.8

6.3
4.6
4.4
1.6

6.4
4.8
5.2
2.1

99.6
76.4
96.0
72.1

98.8
72.7
184.4
112.8

8.3

9.5

4.4

5.3

3.8

4.2

124.1

159.3

Agricultural production 8 .........................................
Agricultural services................................................
Forestry....................................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping...............................

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining 7.......................................................................
Metal mining 7 .........................................................
Anthracite mining 7 ..................................................
Bituminous coal and lignite mining 7......................

1000
1100
1200

5.9
6.7
7.0

6.1
7.1
6.9

3.4
6.1
5.5

3.4
6.3
5.5

2.5
.5
1.5

2.6
.7
1.4

89.9
470.4
187.1

95.6
281.4
191.5

Oil and gas extraction ............................................
Crude petroleum and natural gas .......................
Natural gas liquids................................................
Oil and gas field services....................................

1300
1310
1320
1380

9.6
3.4

4.6
1.4

14.2

11.7
2.9
3.3
18.0

6.8

5.9
1.3
1.2
9.2

5.1
2.0
7.3

5.8
1.6
2.0
8.8

119.7
34.4
182.1

172.1
34.2
32.2
271.6

Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels 7 .....................

1400

3.9

3.9

2.6

2.7

1.2

1.2

65.5

72.7

14.7

15.4

6.2

6.9

8.4

8.5

117.3

126.7

Construction...............................................................

-

-

General building contractors..................................
Residential building construction.........................
Operative builders ................................................
Nonresidential building construction...................

1500
1520
1530
1540

14.2
11.7
9.6
17.2

15.3
12.4
11.4
18.7

6.1
5.7
4.2
6.7

6.9
6.2
5.7
7.6

8.1
6.0
5.3
10.4

8.4
6.2
5.6
11.1

112.0
105.2
67.4
124.1

120.5
110.3
74.6
136.3

Heavy construction contractors..............................
Highway and street construction.........................
Heavy construction, except highway ..................

1600
1610
1620

15.2
14.1
15.7

14.7
14.5
14.8

6.1
5.8
6.2

6.3
6.3
6.4

9.1
8.3
9.4

8.3
8.1
8.4

121.7
108.4
127.0

130.8
132.6
130.0

Special trade contractors.......................................
Plumbing, heating, air conditioning .....................
Painting, paper hanging, decorating ...................
Electrical w ork......................................................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering...................
Carpentering and flooring....................................
Roofing and sheet metal work ............................
Concrete w ork......................................................
Water well drilling.................................................
Miscellaneous special trade
contractors ........................................................

1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780

14.6
15.5
9.1
13.6
15.6
13.0
18.5
13.9
11.2

15.7
16.2
10.1
14.3
17.2
14.8
21.2
14.4
12.8

6.3
5.8
4.9
5.2
7.1
7.0
10.2
6.9
5.7

7.0
6.3
5.4
5.4
8.5
7.8
11.5
7.1
7.3

8.3
9.7
4.2
8.4
8.5
6.0
8.2
7.0
5.5

8.6
10.0
4.7
8.8
8.6
7.0
9.7
7.2
5.4

118.0
99.8
123.7
84.7
123.8
130.9
222.3
128.6
97.5

128.2
106.6
125.1
86.9
152.0
130.9
237.8
125.6
142.2

1790

14.9

15.6

6.4

7.1

8.4

8.5

127.3

141.2

Manufacturing............................................................

9.7

10.2

4.2

4.5

5.5

5.7

70.4

74.2

Durable goods..........................................................

10.0

10.7

4.2

4.6

5.8

6.1

70.3

76.3

2400

18.1

19.3

9.1

9.8

9.0

9.5

161.4

169.8

2410

21.2

21.4

13.6

13.8

7.5

7.5

319.4

318.7

2420

16.8

18.6

8.7

9.7

8.0

8.9

166.7

172.2

2421
2426

16.5
16.9

18.1
20.2

8.8

7.5

9.6
9.1

7.8
9.3

8.5
11.1

171.2
128.2

173.0
153.2

Millwork, plywood and structural
members .............................................................
Millwork..............................................................
Wood kitchen cabinets .....................................
Hardwood veneer and plywood........................
Softwood veneer and plywood .........................
Structural wood members, n.e.c.......................

2430
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

16.9
18.9
15.2
15.8
10.7
28.4

17.8
19.4
17.6
16.1
11.1
27.3

7.8
8.2
7.2
6.7
5.8
14.7

8.4
8.4
8.7
6.8
6.3
14.5

9.0
10.8
8.1
9.1
4.9
13.7

9.4
11.1
9.0
9.3
4.8
12.8

122.0
127.8
98.9
102.6
122.0
192.0

132.6
133.5
124.0
112.2
131.0
183.0

Wood containers ..................................................
Nailed wood boxes and sh o o k.........................
Wood pallets and skids ....................................
Wood containers, n .e .c.....................................

2440
2441
2448
2449

16.3
16.0
17.9
12.3

18.0
18.1
18.8
15.5

8.2
7.6

9.9
10.1
10.8
7.3

8.1
8.4
8.8
6.1

8.0
8.0
8.0
8.2

135.6
142.9
143.9
110.2

171.3
142.1
196.1
117.3

Lumber and wood products...................................
Logging camps and logging
contractors ........................................................
Sawmills and planing m ills ..................................
Sawmills and planing mills,
general............................................................
Hardwood dimension and flooring....................

See footnotes at end of table.




23

9.1

6.3

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and .1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 160 full-time workers
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

*

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Wood buildings and mobile homes.....................
Mobile homes.....................................................
Prefabricated wood buildings............................

2450
2451
2452

27.3
29.3
22.1

29.2
30.3
26.4

12.4
13.4
9.6

12.8
13.0
12.2

14.9
15.9
12.5

16.5
17.3
14.2

174.3
188.7
135.2

179.7
182.8
171.5

Miscellaneous wood products.............................
Wood preserving................................................
Particleboard ......................................................
Wood products, n.e .c........................................

2490
2491
2492
2499

14.3
17.7
7.1
14.4

15.1
16.1
8.7
15.8

6.7
7.4
3.4
6.9

7.2
8.0
3.6
7.5

7.6
10.3
3.8
7.5

7.9
8.1
5.1
8.3

109.9
136.6
84.7
107.0

117.3
138.5
69.1
119.5

Furniture and fixtures..............................................

2500

13.8

14.9

5.6

6.3

8.2

8.7

80.2

97.7

Household furniture..............................................
Wood household furniture................................
Upholstered household furniture ......................
Metal household furniture.................................
Mattresses and bedsprings..............................
Wood TV and radio cabinets............................
Household furniture, n.e.c ................................

2510
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

13.0
13.1
11.8
15.1
15.3
10.3
12.0

13.6
13.5
12.6
15.2
16.5
12.4
12.8

5.2
5.0
4.7
5.7
7.2
4.9
6.0

5.7
5.5
5.3
5.9
7.6
6.8
5.8

7.8
8.1
7.1
9.4
8.1
5.4
6.1

7.9
8.0
7.3
9.3
8.9
5.6
7.0

74.6
71.0
63.5
81.3
112.7
66.4
107.1

89.6
86.1
79.9
94.4
121.8
123.2
87.0

Office furniture......................................................
Wood office furniture.........................................
Metal office furniture.........................................

2520
2521
2522

15.2
13.4
16.7

17.9
14.8
20.7

6.8
6.3
7.2

7.8
6.7
8.7

8.4
7.1
9.5

10.2
8.0
12.0

97.1
94.3
99.3

115.6
89.6
138.1

Public building and related
furniture..............................................................

2530

14.7

16.7

5.2

6.3

9.6

10.4

86.6

114.8

Partitions and fixtures..........................................
Wood partitions and fixtures.............................
Metal partitions and fixtures..............................

2540
2541
2542

15.7
15.3
16.2

17.5
17.0
18.1

6.5
6.6
6.4

7.6
7.6
7.5

9.2
8.7
9.8

9.9
9.4
10.5

88.3
87.1
89.6

111.7
109.0
114.7

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures...................
Drapery hardware and blinds
and shades......................................................
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c...............................

2590

13.8

13.8

5.2

5.4

8.5

8.3

78.7

91.3

2591
2599

12.8
15.1

11.2
17.4

4.9
5.7

4.7
6.5

7.9
9.4

6.5
10.9

75.0
83.6

74.8
114.3

Stone, clay, and glass products.............................

3200

12.8

13.3

5.9

6.4

6.9

6.9

109.4

117.3

Flat gla ss..............................................................

3210

14.4

15.2

4.4

4.2

9.9

11.0

82.8

75.9

Glass and glassware, pressed or
blow n...................................................................
Glass containers................................................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c........................

3220
3221
3229

11.6
12.8
10.1

11.7
13.5
9.7

5.7
6.7
4.4

5.7
6.9
4.4

5.9
6.1
5.7

6.0
6.6
5.3

109.9
132.4
83.1

110.0
137.2
81.2

Products of purchased g la ss .................... ..........
Cement, hydraulic.................................................

3230
3240

15.4
-

15.7
9.9

6.0
-

6.1
4.0

9.5
-

9.6
5.9

95.0
-

87.8
98.2

Structural clay products.......................................
Brick and structural clay tile ..............................
Ceramic wall and floor tile ................................
Clay refractories.................................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c ..........................

3250
3251
3253
3255
3259

15.8
19.3
14.4
9.1
19.0

16.6
18.7
16.1
11.2
20.2

7.0
8.6
5.7
4.4
9.6

7.6
8.2
7.3
5.8
9.9

8.8
10.7
8.8
4.7
9.3

9.0
10.4
8.8
5.4
10.3

126.3
126.7
119.9
95.1
229.6

133.5
140.0
139.4
97.9
169.9

Pottery and related products...............................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures................................
Vitreous china food utensils..............................
Fine earthenware food utensils ........................
Porcelain electrical supplies..............................
Pottery products, n.e .c......................................

3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

12.0
19.0
12.4
7.0
10.2
9.0

13.7
23.7
11.6
12.8
10.7
9.0

6.4
12.5
6.6
3.9
4.6
3.7

7.8
16.4
6.9
3.9
5.7
3.7

5.6
6.5
5.8
3.1
5.7
5.4

5.9
7.2
4.7
8.9
5.0
5.3

115.8
242.2
146.9
72.7
79.5
42.7

143.0
310.5
146.9
111.2
87.7
55.8

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products.............................................................
Concrete block and brick .................................
Concrete products, n.e.c ..................................
Ready-mixed concrete......................................

3270
3271
3272
3273

14.6
18.0
18.5
13.1

14.8
16.2
19.5
13.5

6.8
8.0
8.6
6.3

7.4
7.6
9.8
6.8

7.8
10.0
9.8
6.8

7.4
8.5
9.7
6.7

123.1
124.4
155.1
117.7

138.4
145.3
175.1
131.1

Cut stone and stone products.............................

3280

12.4

12.8

6.1

6.2

6.3

6.6

103.5

99.9

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products ..............................................................

3290

10.2

10.5

5.0

5.6

5.2

4.9

95.2

97.6

See footnotes at end of table.




24

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Abrasive products..............................................
Asbestos products.............................................
Gaskets, packing and sealing
devices............................................................
Minerals, ground or treated..............................
Mineral w o o l......................................................
Nonclay refractories..........................................
Nonmetallic mineral products,
n.e.c..................................................................

3291
3292

11.0
12.1

11.2
11.0

5.2
6.7

6.5
6.3

5.7
5.4

4.7
4.7

100.1
110.8

107.2
126.2

3293
3295
3296
3297

10.2

4.3

3.3
6.2

6.0
6.5
3.0
5.7

64.3

4.0
7.0

4.4
4.8
4.3
13.1

6.0

7.3
13.2

10.4
11.3
7.4
18.8

75.5
221.2

73.5
72.1
79.9
236.0

3299

10.9

8.7

6.3

4.1

4.6

4.6

98.0

63.1

Primary metal industries................................. .......

3300

12.1

13.0

5.3

6.0

6.7

7.0

101.2

112.7

Blast furnace and basic steel
products..............................................................
Blast furnaces and steel m ills...........................
Electrometallurgical products............................
Steel wire and related products........................
Cold finishing of steel shapes...........................
Steel pipe and tu b es.........................................

3310
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

9.7
8.3
9.1
14.9
18.6
17.9

10.9
9.1
10.7
16.8
22.9
18.8

3.7
3.0
4.0
6.8
7.0
8.1

4.5
3.5
4.8
7.8
9.9
8.6

6.0
5.3
5.0
8.1
11.6
9.8

6.4
5.6
5.9
8.9
13.0
10.2

85.8
75.1
118.4
110.5
158.9
137.1

100.7
92.5
117.8
130.1
157.9
123.9

Iron and steel foundries.......................................
Gray iron foundries............................................
Malleable iron foundries ...................................
Steel investment foundries...............................
Steel foundries, n .e .c ........................................

3320
3321
3322
3324
3325

16.4
17.1
14.3
12.5
16.8

16.3
16.3
14.1
16.3
17.3

7.1
7.4
6.1
5.5
6.9

7.8
7.7
7.1
7.7
8.5

9.3
9.6
8.2
6.9
10.0

8.5
8.5
7.0
8.6
8.8

117.4
122.9
95.1
68.8
128.1

130.0
128.3
115.2
99.9
153.0

Primary nonferrous m etals..................................
Primary copper..................................................
Primary lead.......................................................
Primary z in c .......................................................
Primary aluminum ..............................................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c......................

3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

8.5
8.5
10.6
10.5
8.2
8.3

8.7
7.9
9.3
11.0
8.6
8.9

4.4
4.4
5.2
5.3
4.1
4.6

4.6
4.4
3.8
5.9
4.6
4.5

4.2
4.1
5.4
5.2
4.1
3.7

4.1
3.5
5.5
5.0
4.0
4.3

82.9
103.3
95.2
108.0
72.6
78.8

92.1
112.7
76.4
147.2
85.9
80.6

Secondary nonferrous m etals..............................

3340

16.5

21.6

9.0

11.5

7.5

10.0

155.3

193.9

Nonferrous rolling and drawing ...........................
Copper rolling and drawing ..............................
Aluminum sheet, plate, and f o il........................
Aluminum extruded products ............................
Aluminum rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous wire drawing and
insulating.........................................................

3350
3351
3353
3354

11.4
13.2
6.7
12.2

11.3
14.2
5.6
13.2

5.7
6.8
2.6
5.6

5.5
7.1
2.2
5.6

5.7
6.4
4.1
6.5

5.8
7.1
3.4
7.6

103.7
120.8
60.2
94.9

100.3
142.8
57.1
90.3

3355

8.2

8.2

4.0

4.0

4.2

4.1

58.3

84.7

3356

10.2

10.7

5.0

4.7

5.2

6.0

94.0

93.2

3357

13.0

12.1

7.0

6.4

6.0

5.7

124.7

109.1

Nonferrous foundries ...........................................
Aluminum foundries...........................................
Brass, bronze, ahd copper
foundries.........................................................
Nonferrous foundries, n.e .c..............................

3360
3361

16.3
15.8

18.6
18.5

7.6
7.2

8.7
8.4

8.7
8.6

9.9
10.1

128.8
124.8

142.9
135.8

3362
3369

18.5
16.0

20.9
17.0

9.0
7.6

9.9
8.7

9.5
8.4

11.0
8.3

146.0
126.7

153.8
155.3

Miscellaneous primary metal products...............
Metal heat treating ............................................
Primary metal products, n .e .c ...........................

3390
3398
3399

15.5
16.2
14.7

16.1
17.8
14.2

7.1
8.1
6.1

7.9
9.0
6.8

8.3
8.1
8.6

8.2
8.8
7.4

109.9
112.9
106.7

138.3
144.1
131.9

Fabricated metal products.....................................

3400

14.6

15.6

5.9

6.5

8.7

9.1

92.4

100.9

Metal cans and shipping containers...................
Metal c a n s .........................................................
Metal barrels, drums, and pails ........................

3410
3411
3412

15.3
14.7
17.8

16.5
15.0
22.5

6.0
5.7
7.4

6.7
5.9
10.0

9.3
9.0
10.4

9.8
9.1
12.5

109.4
104.8
129.1

128.9
111.1
202.6

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware......................
Cutlery................................................................
Hand and edge tools, n e c ................................
Hand saws and saw blades.............................
Hardware, n.e.c..................................................

3420
3421
3423
3425
3429

12.4
12.4
13.5
11.1
12.0

13.0
9.8
14.5
11.8
12.9

4.8
4.7
5.0
4.7
4.7

5.2
4.1
5.9
4.5
5.2

7.6
7.7
8.5
6.4
7.3

7.7
5.8
8.6
7.4
7.7

84.9
88.1
89.3
79.2
82.9

92.1
63.3
106.7
77.6
91.5

Plumbing and heating, except
electric.................................................................
Metal sanitary w a re ...........................................

3430
3431

14.6
16.2

14.6
15.7

6.5
7.5

6.5
8.3

8.2
8.7

8.1
7.4

97.4
104.8

94.1
128.0

-

See footnotes at end of table.




23

-

-

-

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Plumbing fittings and brass
goods...............................................................
Heating equipment, except electric..................

3432
3433

11.1
17.2

11.2
17.2

5.4
7.1

5.2
7.0

5.7
10.1

6.0
10.2

98.7
93.7

83.5
91.6

Fabricated structural metal
products..............................................................
Fabricated structural m etal...............................
Metal doors, sash, and trim ..............................
Fabricated plate work .......................................
Sheet metal w ork...............................................
Architectural metal w o rk ...................................
Prefabricated metal buildings............................
Miscellaneous metal w o rk .................................

3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

17.6
21.1
18.6
14.8
17.8
18.7
13.5
17.1

19.2
22.0
19.4
16.9
19.7
19.2
17.4
17.6

7.1
9.4
7.1
6.0
6.8
7.3
5.0
7.0

7.9
10.5
7.4
7.1
7.5
7.8
7.3
6.8

10.5
11.7
11.5
8.8
11.0
11.4
8.5
10.1

11.3
11.5
12.1
9.8
12.2
11.4
10.1
10.8

105.7
136.0
104.4
93.8
99.2
112.9
78.0
127.4

114.4
159.8
99.7
105.8
101.8
114.7
112.2
105.2

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.....................
Screw machine products..................................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers........................

3450
3451
3452

13.1
12.9
13.3

13.7
14.7
12.9

4.4
3.9
4.9

5.1
5.0
5.1

8.7
9.0
8.4

8.6
9.7
7.7

65.7
51.0
78.2

76.5
65.7
86.0

Metal forgings and stampings..............................
Iron and steel forgings......................................
Nonferrous forgings...........................................
Automotive stampings.......................................
Crowns and closures.........................................
Metal stampings, n.e.c......................................

3460
3462
3463
3465
3466
3469

13.8
17.0
13.5
11.3
11.9
15.2

15.0
17.0
12.1
12.2
11.7
17.5

5.6
8.0
5.9
4.6
5.6
5.7

6.3
8.4
6.1
5.0
5.0
7.1

8.2
9.0
7.5
6.7
6.2
9.5

8.7
8.6
6.0
7.2
6.8
10.5

91.0
138.2
85.9
67.3
91.8
98.8

102.0
161.3
136.1
68.7
102.4
113.3

Metal services, n .e .c............................................
Plating and polishing.........................................
Metal coating and allied services.....................

3470
3471
3479

13.7
14.3
12.5

15.0
15.4
14.2

6.0
6.2
5.5

6.6
6.8
6.2

7.7
8.1
7.0

8.4
8.6
8.0

89.8
93.2
82.2

98.3
97.2
100.8

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c........................
Small arms ammunition ....................................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c......................................................
Small arm s.........................................................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c.....................

3480
3482

7.1
4.9

7.8
6.3

3.4
2.3

3.8
1.8

3.8
2.6

3.9
4.4

56.7
46.0

65.4
33.3

3483
3484
3489

7.4
11.3
3.6

8.3
11.0
3.7

3.6
5.3
1.6

4.3
5.8
1.8

3.8
6.1
2.0

4.0
5.2
2.0

60.1
84.8
25.2

71.6
106.6
26.8

Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products..............................................................
Steel springs, except wire ................................
Valves and pipe fittings.....................................
Wire springs.......................................................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire
products..........................................................
Metal foil and le a f..............................................
Fabricated pipe and fittings...............................
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c......................

3490
3493
3494
3495

13.9
16.9
12.4
12.8

14.7
17.6
13.1
13.9

5.8
7.8
5.2
5.1

6.0
9.3
5.1
5.3

8.1
9.0
7.2
7.8

8.7
8.4
8.0
8.7

88.4
125.9
77.9
89.7

97.6
147.3
86.1
82.3

3496
3497
3498
3499

14.5
13.5
17.1
14.6

14.5
12.8
18.1
16.6

6.0
6.4
7.4
5.6

6.5
5.4
7.9
6.2

8.5
7.1
9.7
8.9

8.0
7.4
10.2
10.4

87.0
82.6
123.1
89.0

106.5
108.7
118.9
95.5

Machinery, except electrical ..................................

3500

9.5

10.3

3.5

4.0

6.0

6.4

55.9

62.5

Engines and turbines...........................................
Turbines and turbine generator
s e ts ..................................................................
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c ..................

3510

7.6

9.1

2.7

3.6

4.8

5.5

50.1

65.4

3511
3519

4.9
9.1

5.1
10.9

2.2
3.0

2.4
4.1

2.7
6.1

2.7
6.8

40.6
55.5

43.4
75.4

Farm and garden machinery...............................
Farm machinery and equipment.......................
Lawn and garden equipment............................

3520
3523
3524

11.5
10.9
13.7

13.0
12.7
14.2

4.4
4.2
5.1

5.5
5.5
5.5

7.0
6.6
8.6

7.5
7.2
8.7

70.5
69.8
73.4

85.7
86.8
81.4

Construction and related machinery...................
Construction machinery ....................................
Mining machinery...............................................
Oil field machinery.............................................
Elevators and moving stairways.......................
Conveyors and conveying equipment..............
Hoists, cranes, and monorails ..........................

3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536

12.4
11.5
12.7
11.8
12.1
13.9
13.9

13.7
11.9
14.2
13.5
12.3
13.3
23.8

4.6
4.3
5.2
4.3
5.1
4.6
5.1

5.5
4.6
6.7
5.0
4.8
5.4
9.6

7.8
7.2
7.5
7.5
7.0
9.2
8.8

8.2
7.3
7.5
8.5
7.5
7.9
14.2

74.7
68.5
96.4
73.4
93.1
59.8
77.7

88.3
72.3
124.1
84.2
82.9
98.5
131.8

Metalworking machinery......................................
Machine tools, metal cutting types ..................
Machine tools, metal forming types.................
Special dies, tools, jigs and
fixtures.............................................................

3540
3541
3542

10.5
8.8
10.6

11.8
10.2
13.1

3.3
2.7
3.9

3.8
3.7
4.7

7.2
6.1
6.8

7.9
6.5
8.3

55.4
44.3
62.7

63.9
55.6
88.0

3544

11.9

13.2

3.7

4.1

8.3

9.1

58.2

69.4

See footnotes at end of table.




26

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Machine tool accessories.................................
Power driven hand to o ls ...................................
Rolling mill machinery.......................................
Metalworking machinery, n.e.c..........................

3545
3546
3547
3549

9.7
6.8
12.9
10.4

10.8
7.6
11.3
13.4

3.0
2.3
4.8
3.5

3.4
2.8
5.3
3.7

6.7
4.6
8.1
6.9

7.4
4.7
6.0
9.8

55.5
44.7
86.3
69.0

51.4
58.8
99.5
52.9

Special industry machinery .................................
Food products machinery.................................
Textile machinery...............................................
Woodworking machinery...................................
Paper industries machinery..............................
Printing trades machinery.................................
Special industry machinery, n.e.c.....................

3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

12.1
14.5
12.5
13.1
13.4
9.4
11.4

12.5
14.8
14.0
15.4
13.8
9.2
11.3

4.2
5.2
3.4
5.3
4.7
3.1
4.3

4.5
5.4
3.7
5.5
5.7
3.2
4.3

7.8
9.3
9.0
7.8
8.7
6.2
7.1

8.1
9.4
10.3
9.9
8.0
6.1
7.0

67.7
79.8
51.9
85.2
73.7
52.0
71.2

67.1
74.7
59.5
89.0
100.2
45.9
62.5

General industrial machinery...............................
Pumps and pumping equipment.......................
Ball and roller bearings.....................................
Air and gas compressors..................................
Blowers and fa n s ...............................................
Industrial patterns..............................................
Speed changers, drives, and g e a rs .................
Industrial furnaces and ovens...........................
Power transmission equipment,
n.e.c.................................................................
General industrial machinery,
n.e.c.................................................................

3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567

11.2
12.3
7.8
9.9
12.7
11.2
13.3
12.2

11.5
11.0
8.0
12.2
13.9
14.9
13.3
13.6

4.2
4.4
2.8
3.9
5.4
3.7
4.5
4.6

4.4
4.6
2.9
4.0
5.7
5.0
4.7
5.7

7.0
7.9
5.0
5.9
7.3
7.5
8.8
7.5

7.1
6.4
5.1
8.2
8.2
9.9
8.6
7.8

70.2
75.3
44.5
73.3
88.0
49.6
69.9
82.7

70.4
66.3
51.8
71.6
81.0
61.4
83.5
93.7

3568

12.2

12.4

5.0

5.6

7.2

6.8

88.0

95.2

3569

11.5

11.6

4.0

4.2

7.5

7.4

68.0

66.0

Office and computing machines..........................
Typewriters........................................................
Electronic computing equipment ......................
Scales and balances, except
laboratory........................................................
Office machines, n .e .c ......................................

3570
3572
3573

3.9
3.0
3.5

3.8
3.4
3.3

1.8
1.2
1.6

1.8
1.5
1.7

2.1
1.8
1.8

1.9
1.9
1.6

27.4
12.6
25.0

27.3
21.3
26.0

3576
3579

10.4
7.8

10.5
8.7

3.3
3.4

3.4
3.7

7.0
4.3

7.0
5.1

37.6
51.8

36.6
44.4

Refrigeration and service machinery..................
Automatic merchandising machines.................
Commercial laundry equipment........................
Refrigeration and heating
equipment.......................................................
Measuring and dispensing pumps....................
Service industry machinery, n.e.c.....................

3580
3581
3582

13.1
19.4
17.5

13.8
24.5
16.4

5.0
6.7
5.6

5.4
7.7
5.7

8.1
12.7
11.9

8.4
16.9
10.6

76.0
105.5
99.9

84.4
103.5
97.2

3585
3586
3589

11.6
12.7
16.2

12.1
16.3
16.3

4.8
4.0
5.3

4.9
4.6
6.4

6.9
8.7
10.9

7.2
11.7
9.9

76.8
41.5
66.9

84.7
56.9
80.7

3590

11.5

12.8

4.1

4.6

7.4

8.2

55.9

69.6

3592

7.5

8.3

3.0

3.7

4.4

4.6

48.8

65.0

3599

12.1

13.5

4.2

4.7

7.9

8.8

57.1

70.3

Electric and electronic equipment..........................

3600

6.0

6.4

2.4

2.6

3.6

3.8

36.9

40.0

Electric distributing equipment.............................
Transformers.....................................................
Switchgear and switchboard
apparatus........................................................

3610
3612

8.2
8.9

8.8
8.7

3.1
3.3

3.5
3.4

5.1
5.6

5.3
5.3

51.8
50.2

54.6
50.4

3613

7.5

8.8

2.9

3.5

4.7

5.3

53.1

58.3

Electrical industrial apparatus..............................
Motors and generators .....................................
Industrial controls ..............................................
Welding apparatus, electric...............................
Carbon and graphite products..........................
Electrical industrial apparatus,
n.e.c.................................................................

3620
3621
3622
3623
3624

7.4
8.2
5.3
11.5
6.8

8.0
8.4
6.4
13.2
5.9

2.6
2.9
1.8
3.9
3.0

3.2
3.2
2.5
5.3
3.3

4.7
5.3
3.5
7.6
3.8

4.8
5.2
3.9
7.9
2.6

44.5
47.6
32.8
66.8
59.6

53.2
52.4
43.4
91.8
72.5

3629

6.5

8.0

2.8

3.5

3.8

4.5

38.3

43.1

Household appliances..........................................
Household cooking equipment .........................
Household refrigerators and
freezers...........................................................
Household laundry equipment..........................
Electric housewares and fa n s...........................
Household vacuum cleaners.............................
Sewing machines...............................................

3630
3631

10.7
14.3

11.2
16.4

3.9
4.7

4.1
6.1

6.8
9.6

7.0
10.3

60.5
70.3

64.9
95.9

3632
3633
3634
3635
3636

8.7
11.0
9.3
7.2
7.3

7.3
11.3
9.6
8.2
9.7

3.4
3.7
3.4
2.6
2.5

2.8
3.7
3.6
3.0
3.2

5.3
7.4
5.9
4.6
4.8

4.4
7.7
6.0
5.2
6.4

50.6
55.4
51.4
73.2
38.6

35.6
60.7
49.2
88.5
39.9

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical..............................................................
Carburetors, pistons, rings,
valves..............................................................
Machinery, except electrical,
n.e.c.................................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




27

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Household appliances, n .e .c.............................

3639

15.1

16.5

6.8

6.5

8.3

10.0

93.1

106.4

Electric lighting and wiring
equipment...........................................................
Electric lamps.....................................................
Current-carrying wiring devices.........................
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices..................
Residential lighting fixtures................................
Commercial lighting fixtures..............................
Vehicular lighting equipment.............................
Lighting equipment, n.e.c..................................

3640
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648

8.3
3.9
7.2
12.1
11.5
12.4
4.9
12.7

9.6
6.0
8.1
16.2
11.5
16.1
5.5
12.0

3.3
1.5
2.9
5.5
4.2
4.5
2.1
4.1

3.9
2.1
3.3
7.3
4.8
5.6
2.0
5.0

5.0
2.3
4.3
6.6
7.3
8.0
2.7
8.6

5.8
3.9
4.8
8.9
6.7
10.5
3.5
7.0

53.2
31.2
46.1
96.1
67.7
70.3
35.4
58.1

64.7
36.9
58.7
107.8
78.4
90.3
35.8
83.3

Radio and TV receiving equipment.....................
Radio and TV receiving se ts.............................
Phonograph records..........................................

3650
3651
3652

5.8
5.7
6.2

5.8
5.5
6.8

2.4
2.3
3.1

2.4
2.3
2.7

3.4
3.4
3.2

3.4
3.2
4.1

37.8
36.8
41.1

37.0
34.9
45.3

Communication equipment..................................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus................
Radio and TV communication
equipment.......................................................

3660
3661

3.8
4.4

3.7
4.3

1.6
1.9

1.5
1.8

2.2
2.5

2.2
2.5

26.6
37.9

23.7
28.7

3662

3.6

3.6

1.5

1.4

2.1

2.2

23.3

22.3

3670

5.3

5.9

2.2

2.5

3.2

3.4

28.3

34.9

3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

9.1
5.2
4.0
5.3
5.6
7.5
6.3

8.1
5.2
3.7
5.6
6.4
7.5
8.1

5.7
2.1
1.7
2.0
2.3
2.7
2.4

5.3
2.1
1.7
2.4
2.8
2.9
3.2

3.4
3.0
2.3
3.2
3.3
4.8
3.9

2.8
3.1
1.9
3.2
3.6
4.6
4.9

80.8
32.6
22.1
28.0
27.2
35.1
30.3

81.3
32.7
23.8
43.1
47.1
34.4
43.2

3690
3691
3692
3693
3694

6.2
10.1

2.8
5.3

2.3
3.0

3.5
4.0
3.1
2.2
3.3

44.5
78.6

1.6
2.2

2.9
4.7
1.5
1.5
2.9

3.4
4.8

4.0
5.2

6.4
8.7
4.6
3.7
6.2

20.4
39.2

45.2
79.7
28.0
25.6
42.1

3699

9.8

11.1

4.5

4.3

5.4

6.8

70.0

59.0

Transportation equipment......................................

3700

8.0

8.9

3.5

4.0

4.6

4.9

62.0

65.6

Motor vehicles and equipment............................
Motor vehicles and car bodies .........................
Truck and bus bodies .......................................
Motor vehicle parts and
accessories......................................................
Truck trailers......................................................
Self-contained motor hom es.............................

3710
3711
3713

8.3
5.8
18.7

9.7
6.4
19.5

3.5
2.5
6.4

4.3
2.7
8.3

4.9
3.3
12.4

5.5
3.7
11.3

55.4
38.0
88.1

65.7
37.3
125.6

3714
3715
3716

8.8
18.1
24.8

10.7
22.0
24.4

3.7
7.9
10.3

4.7
10.7
9.5

5.0
10.2
14.5

6.0
11.3
14.9

65.0
99.3
127.2

77.8
185.0
103.3

Aircraft and parts..................................................
Aircraft................................................................
Aircraft engines and engine p a rts ....................
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c....................................

3720
3721
3724
3728

5.0
3.8
4.6
8.0

5.5
4.3
5.1
8.5

1.9
1.4
2.5
2.6

2.1
1.6
2.6
2.8

3.0
2.4
2.1
5.4

3.4
2.7
2.4
5.7

33.0
24.6
45.6
39.0

33.6
27.2
43.1
38.1

Ship and boat building and repairing..................
Ship building and repairing................................
Boat building and repairing................................

3730
3731
3732

19.2
19.1
19.7

19.5
19.1
20.8

9.2
9.3
8.8

10.4
10.5
10.0

10.1
9.8
10.9

9.1
8.6
10.7

204.4
229.1
115.6

196.3
215.3
133.6

Railroad equipment ..............................................

3740

10.7

11.3

5.3

5.2

5.4

6.1

101.1

94.7

Motorcycles, bicycles, and p a rts .........................

3750

12.2

16.0

4.8

6.0

7.3

10.0

110.6

80.6

Guided missiles, space vehicles,
parts.....................................................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles................
Space propulsion units and parts.....................
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c........................

3760
3761
3764
3769

2.3
2.1
2.8
3.1

2.6
2.4
3.1
2.9

1.1
1.1
1.3
1.0

1.1
1.1
1.4
.9

1.2
1.0
1.5
2.0

1.4
1.3
1.6
2.1

19.4
19.4
19.5
19.7

20.7
19.9
23.3
21.9

Electronic components and
accessories........................................... ..............
Cathode ray television picture
tubes................................................................
Electron tubes, transmitting..............................
Semiconductors and related devices...............
Electronic capacitors.........................................
Electronic resistors............................................
Electronic coils and transformers.....................
Electronic components, n.e.c............................
Miscellaneous electrical equipment
and supplies ........................................................
Storage batteries...............................................
Primary batteries, dry and w e t..........................
X-ray apparatus and tu b e s ...............................
Engine electrical equipment..............................
Electrical equipment and supplies,
n.e.c.................................................................

-

See footnotes at end of table.




28

-

-

-

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
— i--------------------------Lost
Nonfatal cases
workday
without lost
cases
workdays

Total
cases 5

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Miscellaneous transportation
equipment...........................................................
Travel trailers and cam pers..............................
Transportation equipment, n.e.c.......................

3790
3792
3799

13.6
21.5
14.3

14.9
21.6
17.7

5.9
8.6
6.2

6.5
8.2
7.9

7.7
12.9
8.1

8.4
13.4
9.7

76.3
106.9
73.8

88.6
109.1
109.8

Instruments and related products..........................

3800

4.9

5.1

2.0

2.0

2.9

3.0

32.7

33.4

Engineering and scientific
instruments........................................................

3810

4.4

4.9

1.5

1.9

2.9

3.0

23.2

28.8

Measuring and controlling devices......................
Environmental controls.....................................
Process control instruments..............................
Fluid meters and counting devices ..................
Instruments to measure electricity...................
Measuring and controlling devices,
n.e.c.................................................................

3820
3822
3823
3824
3825

4.9
5.0
4.5
6.3
4.2

5.1
5.7
5.7
6.1
4.3

2.0
2.0
1.9
2.8
1.8

2.1
2.5
2.2
2.7
1.7

2.9
3.1
2.6
3.5
2.4

3.0
3.2
3.6
3.4
2.6

31.1
26.5
32.6
54.1
29.6

34.1
43.9
34.2
50.7
27.1

3829

7.5

5.6

2.6

2.3

4.9

3.3

28.1

35.5

Optical instruments and lenses...........................

3830

4.8

5.0

2.1

1.9

2.7

3.1

26.1

25.3

Medical instruments and supplies.......................
Surgical and medical instruments.....................
Surgical appliances and supplies.....................
Dental equipment and supplies ........................

3840
3841
3842
3843

5.4
4.5
6.1
6.6

5.5
4.1
6.9
7.1

2.2
1.9
2.5
2.1

2.2
1.6
2.7
2.8

3.2
2.6
3.6
4.6

3.3
2.4
4.2
4.3

38.4
32.2
47.5
29.8

37.3
25.3
50.8
40.4

Ophthalmic g o o d s................................................

3850

4.4

4.7

2.0

2.0

2.4

2.7

33.0

39.0

Photographic equipment and supplies................
Watches, clocks, and watchcases......................

3860
3870

4.8
-

4.4
6.7

2.1
-

1.8
2.2

2.8
-

2.6
4.5

34.3
-

31.3
25.6

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries................

3900

9.5

10.0

3.8

4.1

5.7

5.9

63.6

66.7

Jewelry, silverware, and plated w are..................
Jewelry, precious metal ....................................
Silverware and plated w are..............................
Jewelers’ materials and lapidary
w o rk.................................................................

3910
3911
3914

5.4
10.3

5.5
4.0
10.7

2.4
5.8

2.1
1.2
5.4

3.0
4.5

3.4
2.8
5.3

42.6
110.5

41.5
21.4
107.6

3915

6.2

5.9

2.9

2.2

3.3

3.7

59.0

49.5

Musical instruments..............................................

3930

7.9

9.7

2.8

3.5

5.1

6.2

51.8

65.7

Toys and sporting goods.....................................
Games, toys, and children’s
vehicles...........................................................
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c....................

3940

10.6

11.0

4.3

4.4

6.3

6.6

71.6

65.9

3944
3949

8.2
13.5

8.8
13.3

3.6
5.1

4.1
4.6

4.6
8.4

4.7
8.7

73.7
73.8

66.7
67.0

Pens, pencils, office and art
supplies...............................................................
Pens and mechanical pencils...........................
Lead pencils and art goods .............................
Marking devices.................................................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons......................

3950
3951
3952
3953
3955

8.4
7.8
9.8
5.8
11.6

10.0
8.9
12.0
7.8
12.5

3.5
2.8
4.4
1.5
6.5

4.1
2.6
5.5
2.7
6.6

4.9
5.0
5.4
4.3
5.1

5.9
6.3
6.5
5.1
5.9

50.7
46.4
64.3
29.8
71.9

72.4
53.4
121.8
42.6
88.8

Costume jewelry and notions .............................
Costume jewelry ................................................
Artificial flowers.................................................
Buttons...............................................................

3960
3961
3962
3963

7.6
6.0
-

7.4
4.9
13.8
8.7

3.3
2.4
-

3.4
2.1
6.9
2.9

4.3
3.6
-

4.0
2.8
5.8

65.0
57.8
-

55.0
39.5
91.9
48.5

Miscellaneous manufactures................................
Brooms and brushes.........................................
Signs and advertising displays..........................
Burial caskets....................................................
Hard surface floor coverings.............................
Manufacturing industries, n .e .c .........................

3990
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

11.4
11.6
12.6
12.4
8.1
10.5

11.9
12.7
14.2
11.3
8.0
9.9

4.4
4.8
4.7
4.5
4.3
4.1

5.0
5.4
6.0
4.3
4.5
3.9

6.9
6.8
7.9
7.9
3.8
6.3

7.0
7.3
8.3
7.0
3.5
6.0

70.0
79.6
68.1
94.3
97.3
57.8

80.5
69.1
94.6
74.8
127.1
60.1

9.2

9.4

4.2

4.3

5.1

5.1

70.5

71.1

Nondurable g oods....................................................

-

6.9

Food and kindred products....................................

2000

15.7

15.8

7.5

7.6

8.2

8.1

124.0

122.7

Meat products......................................................
Meat packing plants..........................................

2010
2011

22.1
27.4

22.4
29.0

10.3
13.6

10.4
13.9

11.8
13.8

11.9
15.0

154.9
202.5

151.2
190.2

See footnotes at end of table.




29

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Sausages and other prepared meats ..............
Poultry dressing plants......................................
Poultry and egg processing...............................

2013
2016
2017

20.2
16.6
18.0

19.5
16.3
18.7

10.0
6.5
7.0

10.1
6.4
8.5

10.2
10.2
11.0

9.3
9.8
10.2

152.6
99.9
103.5

160.3
96.0
148.6

Dairy products......................................................
Creamery b u tter.................................................
Cheese, natural and processed........................
Condensed and evaporated m ilk......................
Ice cream and frozen desserts.........................
Fluid m ilk............................................................

2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2026

14.0
16.2
14.2
10.0
15.0
14.4

14.2
13.0
14.2
10.6
17.0
14.2

6.7
7.6
6.7
4.9
7.3
6.9

6.8
6.1
6.2
5.1
7.9
7.2

7.3
8.6
7.4
5.1
7.8
7.5

7.3
7.0
8.0
5.5
9.1
7.0

110.2
138.6
95.9
80.2
124.9
117.2

120.0
98.3
89.5
83.4
131.5
137.1

Preserved fruits and vegetables..........................
Canned specialties............................................
Canned fruits and vegetables...........................
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables,
soups ...............................................................
Pickles, sauces, and salad
dressing...........................................................
Frozen fruits and vegetables ............................
Frozen specialties..............................................

2030
2032
2033

13.9
10.8
14.4

13.9
9.7
15.5

6.7
5.4
6.5

6.9
4.9
7.6

7.2
5.4
7.9

7.0
4.8
8.0

112.4
87.4
99.2

111.6
77.4
106.9

2034

15.4

14.5

7.7

7.9

7.8

6.6

137.2

145.8

2035
2037
2038

15.7
13.8
12.9

14.3
14.3
12.1

6.9
7.2
6.8

6.3
7.1
6.6

8.8
6.6
6.1

8.0
7.1
5.5

105.2
139.6
118.4

110.3
128.0
111.3

Grain mill products...............................................
Flour and other grain mill
products..........................................................
Cereal breakfast foods......................................
Rice m illing........................................................
Blended and prepared flo u r..............................
Wet corn m illing.................................................
Dog, cat, and other pet food ............................
Prepared feeds, n.e.c........................................

2040

11.5

11.7

5.6

5.9

5.9

5.8

106.6

108.8

2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

12.9
8.6
14.6
12.6
9.2
13.2
11.2

11.8
8.8
18.3
12.8
8.9
12.0
12.4

5.8
5.3
7.9
6.5
4.5
6.5
5.1

5.1
5.4
9.0
6.5
4.4
6.3
6.3

7.1
3.3
6.8
6.2
4.6
6.7
6.0

6.7
3.4
9.2
6.2
4.5
5.7
6.0

102.1
102.4
162.9
116.0
103.6
121.9
98.0

95.0
110.8
173.3
123.0
95.2
123.6
103.9

Bakery products....................................................
Bread, cake, and related products...................
Cookies and crackers.......................................

2050
2051
2052

12.4
12.7
11.5

11.9
12.0
11.6

6.3
6.6
5.2

6.0
6.1
5.6

6.1
6.1
6.3

5.9
5.9
6.0

125.2
132.1
98.5

119.9
124.7
101.9

Sugar and confectionery products......................
Raw cane sugar.................................................
Cane sugar refining ...........................................
Beet sugar.........................................................
Confectionery products.....................................
Chocolate and cocoa products.........................
Chewing gum .....................................................

2060
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

13.3
26.8
10.7
16.0
12.0
10.0
10.5

12.5
20.5
7.3
16.7
12.2
10.0
8.8

6.5
15.3
6.2
9.4
5.2
4.8
4.6

6.0
10.1
3.2
9.3
5.6
5.1
3.9

6.7
11.5
4.4
6.6
6.8
5.2
5.9

6.5
10.4
4.1
7.4
6.6
4.9
4.9

98.7
181.7
115.0
137.9
87.4
59.7
67.2

91.3
140.6
70.9
109.4
88.0
87.5
61.3

Fats and oils ........................................................
Cottonseed oil m ills...........................................
Soybean oil m ills................................................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c...................................
Animal and marine fats and o ils .......................
Shortening and cooking o ils ..............................

2070
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

15.3
16.8
11.8
10.5
21.2
13.5

15.3
16.3
10.3
12.7
22.4
13.4

6.8
6.5
4.2
4.9
11.2
6.0

7.4
7.9
4.3
5.8
12.0
6.1

8.5
10.3
7.6
5.7
10.0
7.6

7.9
8.4
6.0
6.9
10.4
7.3

117.7
109.5
91.0
91.6
181.0
97.4

126.4
143.4
77.3
100.4
197.3
103.9

Beverages.............................................................
Malt beverages ..................................................
M alt.....................................................................
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits....................
Distilled liquor, except brandy...........................
Bottled and canned soft drinks ........................
Flavoring extracts and sirups,
n.e.c....................... ..........................................

2080
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086

17.7
12.2
19.3
21.1
12.0
20.7

17.7
11.3
20.5
18.4
14.1
20.8

8.7
4.5
9.5
10.1
6.4
10.7

8.6
4.3
11.2
8.4
7.5
10.6

9.0
7.7
9.8
11.0
5.6
9.9

9.0
7.0
9.3
10.0
6.7
10.3

137.0
93.0
176.8
157.1
115.8
159.7

128.0
84.5
190.6
125.1
113.7
149.9

2087

10.5

8.0

5.0

3.7

5.5

4.4

62.4

54.8

Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products..............................................................
Fresh or frozen packaged fis h ..........................
Roasted coffee ..................................................
Macaroni and spaghetti ....................................
Food preparations, n.e.c...................................

2090
2092
2095
2098
2099

13.4
16.2
10.1
17.7
12.0

13.6
15.9
9.7
16.8
12.6

6.2
7.2
4.8
7.8
5.5

6.6
7.7
4.6
8.0
6.2

7.2
9.0
5.2
9.9
6.5

7.0
8.2
5.1
8.8
6.5

100.4
91.3
107.8
186.3
89.8

105.6
99.1
75.4
193.2
101.7

Tobacco manufactures...........................................

2100

6.5

7.6

2.9

3.2

3.6

4.4

42.6

51.4

2110
2120 ,
2130

5.0
7.0
9.3

5.6
6.2
7.7

2.3
3.3
3.5

2.5
3.0
2.8

2.7
3.7
5.8

3.1
3.3
4.9

37.7
35.5
60.7

49.9
40.1
29.1

Cigarettes.............................................................
Cigars....................................................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco ...........................
See footnotes at end of table.




30

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Tobacco stemming and redrying.........................

2140

14.4

17.6

6.6

6.7

7.8

10.9

71.7

73.2

Textile mill products................................................

2200

7.3

7.8

2.7

3.0

4.5

4.8

50.2

52.3

Weaving mills, cotton...........................................
Weaving mills, synthetics....................................
Weaving and finishing mills, wool .......................
Narrow fabric m ills................................................

2210
2220
2230
2240

5.3
5.4
8.9
8.9

5.1
6.1
11.2
10.6

1.6
1.9
4.6
3.6

1.8
2.1
5.6
4.1

3.7
3.5
4.3
5.3

3.3
4.0
5.5
6.5

33.5
42.3
84.9
53.7

36.5
37.9
120.8
69.4

Knitting m ills.........................................................
Women’s hoisery, except so cks.......................
Hoisery, n.e.c ....................................................
Knit outerwear m ills...........................................
Knit underwear m ills..........................................
Circular knit fabric m ills.....................................
Warp knit fabric m ills.........................................
Knitting mills, n.e.c ............................................

2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

6.2
4.4
6.3
5.9
5.1
8.8
8.0
8.7

6.7
4.0
6.6
6.4
7.4
7.9
9.8
9.6

2.5
2.0
2.4
2.1
2.3
3.5
3.7
5.0

2.7
1.8
2.5
2.6
2.6
3.4
4.3
4.9

3.6
2.4
3.8
3.7
2.8
5.3
4.3
3.7

4.0
2.3
4.1
3.8
4.7
4.6
5.5
4.7

37.1
26.6
37.7
27.6
33.9
51.5
67.4
75.4

38.6
31.4
30.8
27.3
39.2
57.2
82.1
61.3

Textile finishing, except w o o l..............................
Finishing plants, cotton.....................................
Finishing plants, synthetics ..............................
Finishing plants, n .e .c .......................................

2260
2261
2262
2269

10.4
9.1
9.8
13.4

10.1
9.3
9.3
12.3

4.3
3.9
4.0
5.5

4.5
4.1
4.4
5.4

6.0
5.3
5.8
7.9

5.6
5.2
4.9
6.9

84.3
78.4
73.4
111.9

87.3
82.4
77.0
107.7

Floor covering m ills..............................................
Woven carpets and ru g s ......... ......................
Tufted carpets and ru g s ...................................

2270
2271
2272

8.7
12.3
8.3

10.2
9.7
10.1

3.3
4.9
3.1

3.7
4.5
3.5

5.4
7.4
5.2

6.6
5.2
6.6

67.4
77.9
64.5

74.4
55.1
78.0

Yarn and thread m ills...........................................
Yarn mills, except w o o l.....................................
Throwing and winding m ills...............................
Wool yarn mills .................................................
Thread m ills.......................................................

2280
2281
2282
2283
2284

7.9
7.9
8.1
9.9
5.8

7.8
7.8
7.5
8.9
7.0

2.4
2.2
2.9
3.9
2.1

2.3
2.0
2.8
3.8
2.6

5.4
5.6
5.3
6.0
3.7

5.5
5.8
4.6
5.1
4.5

45.2
41.8
51.1
63.5
47.3

43.8
35.4
68.7
60.0
52.2

Miscellaneous textile goods................................
Felt goods, except woven felts and
h a ts..................................................................
Lace goods........................................................
Paddings and upholstery fillin g .........................
Processed textile waste....................................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized..........................
Tire cord and fabric...........................................
Nonwoven fabrics..............................................
Cordage and twine ............................................
Textile goods, n .e .c...........................................

2290

11.3

12.9

4.6

5.1

6.6

7.8

87.6

81.5

2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299

13.0

5.9

9.0
7.1
7.0
4.4
5.9
8.9
3.5

8.1
8.6
11.1
7.2
8.5
4.7
6.8
9.2
6.7

108.0

5.3
4.7
4.9
1.9
4.8
5.8
3.4

6.1
4.8
6.3
5.4
5.3
3.0
4.1
6.8
4.1

7.1

14.3
11.7
11.9
6.3
10.8
14.7
6.9

14.2
13.4
17.4
12.7
13.8
7.8
10.8
15.9
10.8

84.1
87.4
107.5
59.9
67.0
76.0
103.5

115.7
70.1
96.8
105.3
88.4
48.0
54.9
85.7
65.7

Apparel and other textile products........................

2300

6.3

6.5

2.3

2.4

3.9

4.1

39.2

38.9

Men’s and boys’ suits and c o a ts ........................

2310

6.9

6.4

2.8

2.7

4.1

3.7

50.0

55.6

Men’s and boys’ furnishings...............................
Men’s and boys’ shirts and
nightwear ........................................................
Men’s and boys’ underwear.............................
Men’s and boys’ neckwear ..............................
Men’s and boys’ separate trousers..................
Men’s and boys’ work clothing.........................
Men’s and boys’ clothing, n.e.c........................

2320

7.4

7.9

3.0

3.0

4.4

4.8

48.6

49.1

2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

5.9
5.8
3.0
7.2
10.4
6.0

6.3
5.4
4.0
8.9
9.5
7.7

2.4
1.9
.6
3.0
4.4
2.0

2.2
2.2
1.5
3.3
4.1
2.8

3.5
3.9
2.4
4.2
6.0
4.0

4.2
3.2
2.6
5.6
5.4
4.9

36.0
36.4
12.5
49.8
74.1
29.6

30.2
55.3
29.5
53.0
69.9
42.2

Women’s and misses’ outerwear........................
Women’s and misses’ blouse and
w a ists..............................................................
Women’s and misses’ dresses.........................
Women’s and misses’ suits
and co a ts........................................................
Women’s and misses’ outerwear,
n.e.c.................................................................

2330

4.6

4.7

1.6

1.6

3.0

3.1

30.8

26.1

2331
2335

4.0
3.3

4.6
3.1

1.3
1.1

1.3
1.0

2.8
2.2

3.3
2.1

23.1
22.1

21.2
15.4

2337

4.1

4.8

1.5

1.7

2.6

3.1

26.2

33.1

2339

6.1

6.0

2.2

2.2

3.8

3.8

42.9

33.6

2340
2341
2342

6.5
6.3
7.4

5.6
5.4
6.2

1.8
1.8
2.1

2.1
2.0
2.2

4.6
4.5
5.3

3.5
3.4
3.9

27.3
26.9
29.1

32.3
30.1
41.6

Women’s and children’s undergarments............
Women’s and children’s underwear.................
Brassieres and allied garments ........................

-

See footnotes at end of table.




31

-

-

-

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Hats, caps, and millinery.....................................
Millinery..............................................................
Hats and caps, except millinery........................

2350
2351
2352

5.7
6.0

7.3
4.9
7.7

2.2
2.5

2.8
.6
3.1

3.4
3.5

4.5
4.3
4.6

34.0
39.2

45.1
13.1
49.4

Children’s outerwear.............. .............................
Children’s dresses and blouses........................
Children’s outerwear, nec...................................

2360
2361
2369

5.1
4.9
-

5.7
5.2
6.2

1.8
1.6
-

2.0
1.9
2.0

3.3
3.3
-

3.8
3.4
4.2

32.3
27.8
-

33.0
33.5
31.0

Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories ........................................................
Fabric dress and work gloves...........................
Waterproof outergarments................................
Apparel b e lts ......................................................
Apparel and accessories, nec............................

2380
2381
2385
2387
2389

5.3
3.7
5.5
5.9
-

5.5
4.0
7.4
4.7
6.2

2.1
1.5
2.0
2.2
-

2.1
1.8
3.1
1.7
1.5

3.2
2.2
3.4
3.7
-

3.4
2.2
4.2
3.0
4.7

26.2
23.8
29.2
23.0
-

32.2
28.0
53.7
27.9
34.5

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products ..............................................................
Curtains and draperies......................................
House furnishings, n.e.c ...................................
Textile b a g s.......................................................
Canvas and related products............................
Pleating and stitching........................................
Automotive and apparel trimmings...................
Fabricated textile products, n .e .c .....................

2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2399

8.2
8.1
9.0
10.4
9.7
5.3
5.2
11.4

8.7
7.6
10.7
11.1
9.0
5.0
7.8
8.5

3.1
3.1
3.4
3.9
4.0
2.0
2.0
3.8

3.3
3.3
3.8
4.6
3.8
2.0
2.5
3.4

5.1
5.0
5.6
6.5
5.6
3.3
3.2
7.6

5.5
7.0
6.5
5.2
3.0
5.3
5.1

47.8
53.0
55.2
51.9
53.0
37.3
41.7
40.0

45.9
52.9
53.5
75.1
63.3
24.7
31.8
35.8

Paper and allied products......................................

2600

9.8

10.2

4.4

4.6

5.4

5.5

88.6

91.9

Pulp m ills ..............................................................
Paper mills, except building paper......................
Paperboard m ills...................................................

2610
2620
2630

6.8
7.5
8.8

6.4
7.5
8.8

3.4
3.2
3.7

3.1
3.2
4.1

3.5
4.2
5.1

3.3
4.2
4.7

82.5
84.6
88.1

84.0
84.8
98.9

Miscellaneous converted paper
products ..............................................................
Paper coating and glazing................................
Envelopes..........................................................
Bags, except textile b a g s .................................
Die-cut paper and board...................................
Pressed and molded pulp goods......................
Sanitary paper products....................................
Stationery products ...........................................
Converted paper products, n .e .c......................

2640
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

10.2
7.9
12.7
11.6
11.6
9.2
7.8
10.2
12.2

11.0
8.9
14.8
12.2
10.7
10.3
6.9
13.4
12.7

4.9
3.6
5.7
5.3
5.8
5.0
4.2
5.9
5.9

5.1
4.3
7.1
5.2
5.2
5.9
3.3
7.4
5.9

5.4
4.3
7.1
6.3
5.8
4.2
3.6
4.3
6.3

5.8
4.6
7.7
6.9
5.5
4.4
3.6
6.0
6.9

82.4
56.9
94.8
84.8
93.9
112.1
77.1
78.4
112.4

86.6
73.1
113.0
92.1
78.6
156.4
72.5
97.3
88.8

Paperboard containers and boxes......................
Folding paperboard boxes................................
Set-up paperboard boxes.................................
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes .....................
Sanitary food containers...................................
Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products ..........................................................

2650
2651
2652
2653
2654

12.0
12.4
11.3
12.9
7.9

12.6
12.7
12.8
13.1
10.4

5.3
5.4
4.5
5.6
4.2

5.7
5.5
5.9
5.8
5.2

6.7
7.0
6.9
7.3
3.7

6.9
7.2
7.0
7.3
5.2

101.6
101.4
76.1
111.0
77.8

103.5
103.3
102.7
103.7
98.1

2655

1.1.6

11.9

5.1

5.7

6.5

6.2

93.8

110.8

Building paper and board m ills............................

2660

-

9.7

-

4.3

-

5.4

-

86.2

Printing and publishing ...........................................

2700

6.4

6.4

2.8

2.9

3.6

3.5

43.6

44.6

Newspapers .........................................................
Periodicals............................................................

2710
2720

6.1
3.5

6.4
3.1

2.8
1.8

3.0
1.7

3.3
1.7

3.4
1.4

47.2
28.7

50.6
24.0

Books ....................................................................
Book publishing..................................................

2730
2731

5.5
3.9

5.4
3.8

2.4
1.7

2.3
1.6

3.1
2.2

3.1
2.1

38.9
29.0

33.0
20.8

Miscellaneous publishing.....................................

2740

3.3

3.2

1.4

1.4

1.8

1.8

21.3

20.1

Commercial printing .............................................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......................
Commercial printing, lithographic .....................
Engraving and plate printing .............................
Commercial printing, gravure ............................

2750
2751
2752
2753
2754

7.6
6.8
8.0
6.1
10.1

7.4
6.8
7.6
7.1
9.1

3.2
3.0
3.3
2.1
4.7

3.3
2.9
3.4
2.9
4.4

4.4
3.8
4.7
4.0
5.4

4.1
3.9
4.2
4.1
4.7

46.2
47.2
44.8
32.5
73.4

48.0
44.7
48.5
56.2
65.7

Manifold business form s......................................

2760

9.4

10.1

4.2

4.3

5.2

5.7

62.0

68.2

See footnotes at end of table.




32

4.4

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Greeting card publishing......................................

2770

5.8

5.4

2.6

2.8

3.2

2.7

42.8

41.8

Blankbooks and bookbinding..............................
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders...................
Bookbinding and related w o rk ..........................

2780
2782
2789

9.2
9.6
8.4

9.3
9.3
9.3

4.0
4.1
3.8

4.3
4.1
4.7

5.2
5.5
4.6

5.0
5.2
4.6

58.7
59.4
57.5

64.0
57.6
73.6

Printing trade services.........................................
Typesetting........................................................

2790
2791

2.1
1.4

2.1
1.3

.6
.4

.7
.6

1.4
1.0

1.4
.8

9.9
8.3

9.5
8.2

Chemicals and allied products..............................

2800

5.2

5.0

2.4

2.3

2.8

2.7

41.2

39.4

Industrial inorganic chemicals..............................
Alkalies and chlorine.........................................
Industrial gases.................................................
Inorganic pigments............................................

2810
2812
2813
2816

3.7
3.6
3.1
-

3.1
2.4
3.3
5.9

1.7
1.6
1.3
-

1.4
1.1
1.4
2.5

2.1
2.0
1.8
-

1.7
1.3
1.9
3.4

32.5
37.9
29.3
-

26.5
20.5
24.9
37.7

Plastics materials and synthetics........................
Plastics materials and resins ............................
Synthetic rubber.................................................
Cellulosic man-made fib e rs..............................
Organic fibers, noncellulosic.............................

2820
2821
2822
2823
2824

3.5
4.8
5.0
4.2
1.7

3.6
5.2
4.3
4.3
1.3

1.5
2.1
2.4
2.0
.6

1.5
2.3
2.1
1.9
.4

2.0
2.7
2.5
2.1
1.1

2.0
2.9
2.2
2.4
.9

29.2
38.5
42.5
48.1
12.1

28.9
40.7
29.3
53.1
8.9

Drugs.....................................................................
Biological products............................................
Medicinals and botanicals................................
Pharmaceutical preparations.............................

2830
2831
2833
2834

5.3
4.9
5.2
5.4

4.5
4.6
5.5
4.4

2.6
2.4
2.6
2.7

2.4
2.2
2.9
2.3

2.7
2.4
2.6
2.7

2.1
2.4
2.6
2.1

36.5
34.9
37.7
36.5

35.5
30.2
41.1
35.6

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods ........................
Soap and other detergents ..............................
Polishes and sanitation goods..........................
Surface active agents .......................................
Toilet preparations.............................................

2840
2841
2842
2843
2844

6.9
6.6
8.7
7.6
6.2

7.3
7.1
8.7
7.9
6.6

3.3
3.3
3.9
3.8
2.9

3.3
3.6
3.7
3.4
3.0

3.6
3.2
4.8
3.8
3.3

3.9
3.5
5.0
4.5
3.6

55.5
55.1
67.2
66.8
48.7

55.4
60.4
62.5
66.3
47.7

Paints and allied products...................................

2850

9.1

9.5

3.8

4.4

5.3

5.1

57.7

67.2

Industrial organic chemicals................................
Gum and wood chemicals................................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates.......................
Industrial organic chemicals,
n.e.c.................................................................

2860
2861
2865

3.7
6.9
3.5

3.5
5.9
4.7

1.5
3.7
1.8

1.7
2.9
2.2

2.1
3.3
1.7

1.9
3.0
2.6

35.6
84.8
43.2

30.6
48.3
42.4

2869

3.5

3.1

1.3

1.5

2.2

1.6

29.8

26.6

Agricultural chemicals..........................................
Phosphatic fertilizers.........................................
Fertilizers, mixing o n ly.......................................

2870
2874
2875

5.9
5.2
9.7

6.1
5.9
9.9

2.7
2.8
4.1

2.6
3.1
4.3

3.2
2.4
5.6

3.5
2.8
5.6

54.3
66.9
69.7

56.4
75.5
61.5

Miscellaneous chemical products .......................
Adhesives and sealants....................................
Explosives..........................................................
Printing in k .........................................................
Carbon b la ck......................................................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c.............................

2890
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

8.4
11.7
4.1
12.8

3.9
5.5
1.7
6.3

4.2

3.9
5.1
2.1
5.7
1.5
3.7

59.8
72.7
35.3
63.9

3.2

3.3
4.3
1.5
4.5
2.8
3.1

4.5
6.3
2.3
6.5

7.4

7.2
9.4
3.6
10.2
4.4
6.7

62.2

50.5
63.9
24.2
57.2
62.6
50.8

Petroleum and coal products ................................

2900

5.2

5.0

2.4

2.4

2.8

2.6

46.1

53.1

Petroleum refining ................................................

2910

3.7

3.3

1.6

1.6

2.0

1.7

31.7

37.0

Paving and roofing materials..............................
Paving mixtures and blocks ..............................
Asphalt felts and coatings................................

2950
2951
2952

12.0
12.4
11.8

11.7
11.2
12.1

5.7
5.6
5.8

5.6
5.2
5.9

6.3
6.8
6.0

6.1
5.9
6.2

114.6
105.2
121.6

127.6
125.3
129.2

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.............................................................
Lubricating oils and greases .............................
Petroleum and coal products, n .e .c .................

2990
2992
2999

12.0
11.3
17.8

11.4
11.2
12.9

5.8
5.4
8.6

5.1
4.9
6.9

6.2
5.9
9.1

6.3
6.3
6.0

93.1
89.6
119.5

90.0
84.2
135.1

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products................................................................

3000

12.7

13.1

6.1

6.2

6.6

6.9

97.4

98.9

Tires and inner tubes...........................................
Rubber and plastics footwear..............................

3010
3020

8.5
10.5

7.8
10.1

6.3
5.4

5.3
5.8

2.2
5.1

2.4
4.3

117.0
114.4

102.5
100.0

-

See footnotes at end of table.




33

-

-

-

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Reclaimed rubber.................................................
Rubber and plastics hose and
belting ................................................................
Fabricated rubber products, n .e .c.......................
Miscellaneous plastics products..........................

3030

18.7

22.7

8.4

13.4

10.3

9.3

213.9

204.5

3040
3060
3070

9.2
13.0
13.7

10.6
13.6
14.1

4.3
6.3
6.1

5.2
6.9
6.3

5.0
6.7
7.6

5.4
6.7
7.9

74.8
98.2
93.7

94.4
110.4
95.9

Leather and leather products................................

3100

9.2

9.7

4.0

4.3

5.2

5.4

73.4

79.5

Leather tanning and finishing ..............................
Boot and shoe cut stock and
findings...............................................................

3110

18.7

18.7

9.7

9.8

9.0

8.9

181.5

190.5

3130

10.7

11.3

5.2

4.9

5.5

6.4

93.6

68.3

Footwear, except rubber .....................................
House slippers ...................................................
Men’s footwear, except athletic........................
Women’s footwear, except athletic..................
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........................

3140
3142
3143
3144
3149

8.3
7.6
8.7
6.9
11.0

9.0
8.9
9.7
8.1
9.3

3.5
3.5
3.8
2.9
4.3

4.0
4.3
4.3
3.3
4.5

4.8
4.1
4.9
4.0
6.7

5.0
4.6
5.4
4.7
4.8

68.1
49.2
82.5
57.2
64.8

76.8
88.2
85.9
61.2
83.8

Leather gloves and mittens ................................
Luggage ................................................................

3150
3160

4.5
9.3

11.8
10.9

1.7
4.0

2.3
4.2

2.7
5.3

9.6
6.7

45.1
60.5

50.1
68.9

Handbags and personal leather g oods..............
Women's handbags and purses.......................
Personal leather goods, n.e .c...........................

3170
3171
3172

6.8
6.2
7.6

5.5
4.7
6.5

2.4
2.0
3.0

2.4
1.8
3.0

4.4
4.2
4.6

3.1
2.9
3.5

31.0
27.9
35.1

40.6
32.5
50.4

Leather goods, nec...............................................

3190

-

8.4

-

2.5

•

5.9

-

34.6

8.1

8.6

4.7

5.1

3.4

3.5

94.4

104.2

Transportation and public utilities.............................
Railroad transportation 7.........................................

4000

7.8

8.6

5.2

5.8

2.6

2.8

76.1

92.6

Local and interurban passenger transit.................
Local and suburban transportation .....................
Taxicabs................................................................
Intercity highway transportation...........................
Transportation charter service.............................
School bu se s.......................................................

4100
4110
4120
4130
4140
4150

9.5
13.6
3.8
12.1
9.7
6.6

8.9
12.1
4.6
11.8
5.7
6.1

5.3
8.0
2.5
7.0
3.9
3.2

5.3
7.5
2.9
7.0
2.8
3.3

4.2
5.6
1.3
5.1
5.9
3.4

3.6
4.6
1.8
4.8
2.9
2.8

113.1
132.3
64.3
196.1
124.9
61.2

113.7
127.5
60.7
223.5
49.1
73.0

Trucking and warehousing.....................................
Trucking, local and long distance.......................
Public warehousing ..............................................

4200
4210
4220

13.3
13.2
13.8

14.5
14.5
13.2

8.0
8.1
7.0

9.1
9.3
6.5

5.2
5.1
6.8

5.4
5.3
6.6

185.1
188.7
132.2

206.1
211.7
131.5

Water transportation...............................................
Water transportation services..............................

4400
4460

10.7
16.9

12.9
17.5

6.4
10.4

7.2
10.4

4.3
6.4

5.6
7.1

228.5
398.4

267.4
410.4

Transportation by a ir ...............................................
Certificated air transportation...............................
Noncertificated air transportation........................
Air transportation services...................................

4500
4510
4520
4580

12.6
13.1

7.2
7.6

11.0

12.9
13.1
10.7
12.5

5.7

7.4
7.7
4.2
6.2

5.4
5.5
5.2

5.6
5.4
6.4
6.3

96.7
102.5
75.9

107.0
114.9
52.9
77.8

Pipelines, except natural g a s.................................

4600

4.1

4.1

1.5

1.7

2.6

2.4

24.7

40.5

Transportation services..........................................
Freight forwarding.................................................
Arrangement of transportation.............................
Miscellaneous transportation
services..............................................................

4700
4710
4720

3.4
6.8
1.1

3.9
7.0
1.2

1.8
3.7
.6

2.2
3.9
.6

1.6
3.1
.5

1.7
3.1
.6

37.8
66.1
17.2

37.1
66.3
10.8

4780

12.2

14.2

6.0

8.2

6.2

5.9

133.4

154.8

Communication.......................................................
Telephone communication..................................
Telegraph communication...................................
Radio and television broadcasting......................
Communication services, n.e.c............................

4800
4810
4820
4830
4890

2.9
1.9
3.7
2.1
11.1

2.6
1.6
4.1
2.2
9.5

1.5
1.2
2.0
.9
4.8

1.4
1.1
1.7
.9
4.5

1.4
.7
1.7
1.3
6.3

1.2
.6
2.4
1.4
5.1

26.8
22.1
41.2
13.9
82.3

24.2
21.0
41.1
13.6
61.8

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......................
Electric services....................................................
Gas production and distribution...........................
Combination utility services.................................
Water supply........................................................
Sanitary services ..................................................

4900
4910
4920
4930
4940
4950

7.1
6.1
6.8
5.5
10.4
20.8

7.2
6.1
7.2
5.5
11.7
19.7

3.6
2.9
3.5
3.1
5.3
11.0

3.6
2.9
3.4
3.0
6.0
10.7

3.5
3.2
3.3
2.5
5.1
9.7

3.6
3.2
3.8
2.5
5.7
9.0

61.0
52.0
49.4
59.4
91.6
168.8

58.7
47.6
49.8
56.3
73.2
165.7

-

See footnotes at end of table.




34

-

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 1
—Continued

Industry2

SIC
code 3

Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
s —
Lost
Nonfatal cases
without lost
workday
workdays
cases

Total
cases 5

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Wholesale and retail trade........................................

7.2

7.4

3.1

3.2

4.1

4.1

47.4

50.0

Wholesale trade.......................................................

6.9

7.2

3.2

3.4

3.7

3.7

50.1

54.8

5000

6.3

6.6

2.6

2.9

3.7

3.7

39.2

44.4

5010
5020
5030

6.9
11.0

8.3
7.4
11.3

2.9
4.8

3.6
3.5
5.6

4.0
6.2

4.7
3.9
5.7

46.1
68.6

57.5
42.5
85.8

5050
5060

11.5
-

12.3
3.0

5.0
-

5.7
1.5

6.5
-

6.6
1.6

80.5
-

91.7
24.3

5070
5080
5090

6.0
5.7
10.1

6.2
5.9
9.4

2.6
2.2
4.8

3.0
2.3
4.9

3.4
3.4
5.3

3.2
3.6
4.5

29.6
31.8
72.6

40.4
32.8
84.4

5100
5110
5140
5150
5160
5170
5180
5190

7.8
4.9
12.2
6.7
4.5
11.5
5.3

7.9
7.0
11.6
7.4
4.3
4.1
13.1
5.8

4.1
2.8
6.6
2.8
2.1
6.3
2.7

4.1
3.8
6.4
3.4
2.0
2.2
7.1
2.7

3.7
2.1
5.7
3.8
2.3
5.2
2.6

3.7
3.2
5.2
4.0
2.3
1.9
6.0
3.0

65.7
42.8
105.4
62.9
45.0
102.4
40.2

70.0
60.9
108.9
56.5
43.6
118.7
47.2

7.2

7.5

3.0

3.2

4.3

4.3

46.3

47.9

Wholesale trade-durable g o o d s...........................
Motor vehicles and automotive
equipment..........................................................
Furniture and home furnishings...........................
Lumber and construction materials.....................
Metals and minerals, except
petroleum...........................................................
Electrical g o o ds...................................................
Hardware, plumbing and heating
equipment..........................................................
Machinery, equipment, and supplies...................
Miscellaneous durable g o o ds.............................
Wholesale trade-nondurable goods.......................
Paper and paper products ..................................
Groceries and related products...........................
Farm-product raw materials................................
Chemicals and allied products.............................
Petroleum and petroleum products.....................
Beer, wine, and distilled beverages....................
Miscellaneous nondurable goods........................
Retail tra d e ...............................................................
Building materials and garden supplies ................
Lumber and other building materials..................
Paint, glass, and wallpaper sto re s......................
Hardware stores ..................................................
Retail nurseries and garden stores.....................

5200
5210
5230
5250
5260

8.5
10.8
7.5
4.7
6.4

9.6
12.5
8.9
4.9
6.3

3.7
4.9
2.7
1.8
2.8

4.4
5.9
3.4
2.1
3.0

4.8
5.8
4.8
2.9
3.6

5.1
6.5
5.5
2.8
3.3

57.7
75.5
48.8
23.9
34.4

65.5
92.0
46.0
26.0
33.7

General merchandise stores..................................
Department stores................................................
Variety stores.......................................................
Miscellaneous general merchandise
sto re s.................................................................

5300
5310
5330

9.6
10.2
7.3

9.7
10.2
7.9

4.0
4.2
2.7

4.1
4.4
2.8

5.7
6.0
4.6

5.6
5.8
5.1

55.7
59.9
35.8

60.0
64.1
42.6

5390

-

6.2

-

2.5

-

3.6

-

34.6

Food stores.............................................................
Grocery sto re s.....................................................

5400
5410

10.4
11.2

10.8
11.8

4.4
4.8

4.9
5.4

5.9
6.4

5.9
6.4

79.1
85.1

85.5
93.8

Automotive dealers and service
stations.................................................................
New and used car dealers..................................
Auto and home supply stores..............................
Gasoline service stations....................................

5500
5510
5530
5540

6.8
8.5
9.1
3.6

6.9
8.4
8.5
3.9

2.4
2.6
4.2
1.5

2.7
2.8
4.2
1.8

4.3
5.8
4.9
2.2

4.2
5.6
4.2
2.1

39.4
40.7
66.1
27.3

46.1
44.0
64.3

Apparel and accessory stores...............................
Women’s ready-to-wear stores............................
Children’s and infants wear stores .....................
Family clothing stores..........................................
Shoe stores..........................................................

5600
5620
5640
5650
5660

2.4
4.2
-

2.7
3.0
2.9
4.8
1.8

1.0
1.8
-

1.1
1.2
.5
2.2
.7

1.4
2.4
-

1.6
1.8
2.6
1.0

17.7
21.4
-

19.4
23.7
28.6
7.0

Furniture and home furnishing stores ...................
Furniture and home furnishings
stores .................................................................
Household appliance stores ...............................
Radio, television, and music sto re s....................

5700

3.6

4.2

1.8

2.1

1.8

2.1

30.2

36.6

5710
5720
5730

4.2
3.7
2.5

5.0
4.0
2.8

2.1
1.9
1.1

2.6
1.9
1.2

2.1
1.8
1.3

2.4
2.1
1.6

35.4
27.6
20.4

44.4

Eating and drinking places.....................................

5800

7.7

7.7

3.0

3.0

4.7

4.7

40.0

34.1

Miscellaneous retail ................................................
Drug stores and proprietary stores.....................
Liquor sto re s........................................................
Used merchandise stores ...................................
Miscellaneous shopping goods stores ...............
Nonstore retailers.................................................
Fuel and ice dealers............................................

5900
5910
5920
5930
5940
5960
5980

3.6
3.1
2.5
2.2
7.2
7.1

3.9
3.5
2.5
6.9
2.3
7.9
7.0

1.7
1.2
1.1
1.0
3.6
3.9

1.9
1.4
1.2
3.3
1.0
4.4
4.0

1.9
1.9
1.4
1.2
3.7
3.1

1.9
2.0
1.3
3.5
1.3
3.5
3.0

31.1
23.7
42.5
14.6
45.2
60.2

33.7
21.9
43.1
57.5
15.5
64.0
61.5

See footnotes at end of table.




35

2.4

44.4

50.2
16.3

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4

Industry 2

SIC
code 3

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983
Retail stores, n.e.c ...............................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate.........................

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

2.3

2.9

1.2

1.6

1.0

1.3

43.9

43.4

1.9

5990

1984

1.9

.8

.9

1.1

1.0

12.4

13.2

7.8
7.6
-

10.4
8.8
36.1
12.7

Banking....................................................................
Commercial and stock savings banks................
Mutal savings b a n ks............................................
Functions closely related to banking..................

6000
6020
6030
6050

1.6
1.6
-

1.5
1.5
2.2
.8

.6
.6
-

.7
.6
1.3
.5

1.0
1.0
-

.9
.9
.9
.4

Credit agencies other than banks..........................
Savings and loan associations............................
Personal credit institutions..................................
Mortgage bankers and brokers...........................

6100
6120
6140
6160

1.3
1.8
-

1.4
1.8
.7
1.4

.5
.7
-

.6
.7
.4
.6

.8
1.1
-

.8
1.0
.4
.7

6.0
6.7
-

7.7
8.8
8.5

Security, commodity brokers and
services ................................................................
Security brokers and dealers...............................
Security and commodity services........................

6200
6210
6280

.8
.7
.9

.7
.6
1.1

.3
.2
.4

.3
.3
.5

.5
.5
.5

.4
.3
.6

3.7
3.0
4.5

4.7
2.9
10.5

Insurance carriers....................................................
Life insurance.......................................................
Medical service and health insurance................
Fire, marine, and casualty insurance..................

6300
6310
6320
6330

1.7
1.4
2.0
2.2

1.7
1.6
2.1
1.8

.7
.7
.8
.8

.7
.8
.9
.7

1.0
.7
1.1
1.4

.9
.8
1.1
1.1

12.1
12.6
11.7
11.4

11.2
13.6
12.1
9.4

Insurance agents, brokers and service.................

6400

.7

.8

.3

.3

.5

.5

4.1

4.4

Real estate..............................................................
Real estate operators and lessors......................
Real estate agents and managers......................
Subdividers and developers................................

6500
6510
6530
6550

4.3
4.9
2.8
7.7

4.4
5.1
2.9
7.7

2.2
2.5
1.4
3.8

2.2
2.5
1.5
3.7

2.1
2.4
1.4
3.9

2.2
2.6
1.4
4.0

34.2
38.5
21.9
59.0

33.1
34.4
25.0
61.2

Combined real estate, insurance, e tc ....................

6600

-

.6

-

.3

-

.3

4.9

5.0

2.3

2.4

2.6

Services......................................................................

-

-

-

7.7

2.6

36.2

40.3

Hotels and other lodging places............................
Hotels, motels, and tourist co u rts.......................

7000
7010

9.0
9.2

9.7
9.9

3.7
3.8

4.1
4.2

5.3
5.4

5.6
5.7

53.8
54.6

62.8
64.4

Personal services............ .......................................
Laundry, cleaning, and garment
services..............................................................
Photographic studios, portrait..............................
Miscellaneous personal services.........................

7200

2.8

2.8

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.4

20.2

24.3

7210
7220
7290

4.9
-

5.1
3.5
2.4

2.4
-

2.6
1.6
1.3

2.5
-

2.5
1.9
1.0

38.3
-

42.7
41.3
19.9

Business services....................................................
Services to buildings............................................
Personnel supply services...................................
Computer and data processing
services..............................................................
Miscellaneous business services ........................

7300
7340
7360

4.6
6.9
7.4

4.8
7.8
8.0

2.1
3.8
2.9

2.2
3.8
3.7

2.4
3.2
4.4

2.6
4.0
4.3

33.0
59.3
48.8

38.8
62.3
50.9

7370
7390

1.2
4.6

1.3
4.4

.5
2.1

.6
2.0

.7
2.5

.7
2.4

8.3
30.7

9.6
40.7

Auto repair, services, and garages........................
Automotive rentals, without drivers.....................
Automobile parking...............................................
Automotive repair shops......................................
Automotive services, except repair.....................

7500
7510
7520
7530
7540

7.0
8.1
7.3
5.0

6.8
7.3
3.6
7.4
4.3

3.2
4.5
3.2
2.5

3.2
3.7
1.7
3.3
1.9

3.7
3.7
4.1
2.4

3.6
3.5
1.9
4.0
2.4

51.5
67.4
51.8
37.7

52.3
63.5
29.6
52.9
40.2

Miscellaneous repair services ...............................
Electrical repair sh o p s.........................................
Miscellaneous repair shops.................................

7600
7620
7690

7.7
5.4
9.6

8.1
6.0
10.0

3.7
2.5
4.6

3.9
2.9
4.8

4.0
2.9
5.0

4.2
3.1
5.2

61.0
41.4
76.2

67.9
54.2
81.7

Motion pictures.......................................................
Motion picture production and
services..............................................................
Motion picture theaters........................................

7800

4.0

3.9

1.6

1.7

2.4

2.3

28.5

29.9

7810
7830

5.1
2.6

1.2

2.2
1.1

.

2.9

1.7

3.0
1.5

14.3

38.6
19.2

Amusement and recreation services.....................
Bowling and billiard establishments....................
Miscellaneous amusement, recreational
services..............................................................

7900
7930

8.0
3.6

8.8
4.9

3.6
1.6

3.8
2.6

4.4
2.0

5.0
2.3

52.6
29.6

51.1
40.1

7990

8.2

8.2

3.7

3.5

4.5

4.7

48.5

43.8

-

See footnotes at end of table.




36

_

Table 3. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry, 1983 and 1984 '—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
SIC
code 3

Industry 2

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases 5

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Health services.......................................................
Nursing and personal care facilities....................
Hospitals...............................................................

8000
8050
8060

6.0
10.9
7.1

6.0
11.4
6.9

3.1
6.0
3.5

3.3
6.4
3.7

2.9
4.9
3.5

2.8
5.0
3.3

49.2
97.6
55.6

55.9
120.4
61.0

Legal services.........................................................

8100

.4

.5

.2

.2

.2

.2

4.0

4.5

Educational services..............................................
Colleges and universities.....................................

8200
8220

3.3
3.9

3.2
3.8

1.4
1.6

1.3
1.6

1.9
2.3

1.9
2.2

18.1
22.7

21.2
26.5

Social services........................................................
Individual and family services.............................
Job training and related services........................
Residential c a re ....................................................
Social services, n .e .c...........................................

8300
8320
8330
8360
8390

5.1
4.4
8.3
7.3
4.6

5.2
3.7
8.1
8.2
4.5

2.4
2.3
3.6
3.6
2.1

2.5
2.1
3.6
3.9
2.1

2.7
2.1
4.7
3.7
2.4

2.8
1.6
4.6
4.4
2.4

36.8
30.5
46.7
53.9
29.7

38.5
41.1
41.4
62.0
33.0

Museums, botanical, zoological gardens..............
Museums and art galleries..................................
Botanical and zoological gardens.......................

8400
8410
8420

6.2
4.3
14.1

6.0
4.1
14.1

2.6
1.8
6.0

2.7
1.9
5.9

3.6
2.5
8.1

3.3
2.2
8.1

31.7
21.9
73.2

38.9
24.6
99.4

Miscellaneous services...........................................
Engineering and architectural
services..............................................................
Noncommercial research organizations.............
Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping...............

8900

1.2

1.4

.5

.6

.7

.7

7.5

8.6

8910
8920
8930

1.6
2.1
.3

1.8
2.4
.3

.7
1.0
.1

.8
1.1
.2

.9
1.1
.2

1.0
1.2
.2

10.8
11.2
1.6

10.9
15.8
3.3

1
To maintain comparability with the rest of the series, a statistical method
was used for generating the estimates to represent the small nonfarm
employers in low-risk industries who were not surveyed for 1983 and 1984.
The estimating procedure involved averaging the data reported by small
employers for 1980, 1981, and 1982 surveys.

s Includes fatalities. Because of rounding, the difference between the
total and the sum of the rates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases
without lost workdays may not reflect the fatality rate.

2 Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for
industries not shown separately.

7
Data conforming to OSHA definitions for employers in the railroad
industry and for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining were
provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Depart‘ment of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal,
metal, and nonmetal mining industries.

3 S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u a l,
S u p p lem en t.

1972 Edition,

1977

* Incidence rates represent the number of injuries or lost workdays per
100 full-time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000 where,

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
Because of rounding the components may add to a sum greater than the
total.

N
EH

= number of injuries or lost workdays
= total hours worked by all employees during the calendar
year
200,000 = base for 100 full-time workers (working 40 hours per
week, 50 weeks per year).




6 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

n.a. = data not available,
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

37

Table 4. Occupational injury incidence rates by industry division and employment size, 1983 and 1984 1
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 2
Industry division

Private sector:3
1983..............................................
1984 ..............................................

Agriculture, forestry, and
fishing: 3
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Mining: 4
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Construction:
1983 ......................................................
1984 .....................................................
Manufacturing:
1983 ......................................................
1984 .....................................................
Durable goods:
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Nondurable goods:
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Transportation and public
utilities:
1983 .....................................................
1984 ......................................................
Wholesale and retail trade:
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Wholesale trade:
1983 ......................................................
1984 ......................................................
Retail trade:
1983 .....................................................
1984 .....................................................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate:
1983 .....................................................
1984 .....................................................
Services:
1983 ......................................................
1984 .....................................................

1 to 19
employees

20 to 49
employees

50 to 99
employees

100 to 249
employees

250 to 499
employees

500 to 999
employees

1,000 to
2,499
employees

2,500 employ­
ees or more

3.4
3.6

7.5
7.9

10.0
10.6

10.6
11.1

9.5
9.9

8.3
8.7

6.7
6.8

5.3
5.4

6.1
6.3

10.2
9.8

14.0
13.4

15.6
15.3

13.7
17 0

14.4
164

29.3
25.5

21.7
23 4

6.7
7.0

10.3
11.7

13.0
15.2

8.4
11.0

7.4
72

54
6.0

2.5
3.1

5
5

8.6
9.4

17.0
17.4

20.7
21.2

21.4
21.3

17.4
18.9

13.3
13.1

9.3
9.6

10.8
83

7.5
7.5

12.1
12.6

14 2
15.0

13.6
14.2

10 8
11.6

85
9.2

59
6.2

45
4.7

9.2
10.0

14.6
15.4

16.3
17.5

15.0
15.8

11.2
12.5

8.5
9.6

5.7
6.2

4.5
4.7

4.8
3.8

8.8
8.7

11.8
12.0

12.1
12.6

10.3
10.5

8.4
8.7

6.2
6.2

4.5
4.6

4.8
5.5

9.3
9.9

11.1
11.8

9.6
9.6

7.5
8.0

8.5
8.7

6.7
7.8

7.1
7.8

2.8
2.8

6.5
6.8

9.3
9.6

10.6
11.1

11.6
11.0

11.7
12.4

11.4
10.9

10.3
11.0

3.7
3.3

6.9
7.6

9.4
9.7

9.7
10.7

10.2
9.4

9.6
10.1

8.1
7.0

2.5
2.6

63
6.3

9.3
9.5

11.0
11.2

12.1
11.6

12.4
13.1

12.0
11.5

10.4
11.0

1.2
1.3

1.6
1.8

2.1
21

2.4
22

2.8
2.6

2.5
2.5

2.1
1.9

1.9
1.6

1.7
1.7

3.2
3.4

53
5.9

73
7.5

7.2
7.6

7.2
7.0

7.1
6.9

5.8
5.3

1 To maintain comparability with the rest of the series, a statistical method
was used for generating the estimates to represent the small nonfarm
employers in low-risk industries who were not surveyed for 1983 and 1984.
The estimating procedure involved averaging the data reported by small
employers for the 1980, 1981, and 1982 surveys.

EH
= total hours worked by all employees during
the calendar year
200,000
= base for 100 full-time workers (working 40
hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
3 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

2 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries per 100 full-time
workers and were calculated as:
(N/EH) X 200,000 where,
N

4 Excludes independent mining contractors.

= number of injuries




NOTE: Dashes indicate that data do not meet publication guidelines.

38

Table 5. Occupational injury incidence rates for lost workday cases by industry, 1983 and 1984
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
Lost workdays

Lost workday injuries
Industry 2

SIC

Total lost
workday
cases

Cases involving
days away
from work 5

Cases involving

activity only

Total
lost
workdays

Number of
days away
from work

Number of days
of restricted
work activity 6

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

Private sector7 .........................................

3.4

3.6

3.1

3.3

0.3

0.3

57.2

61.8

52.4

56.4

4.8

5.4

Agriculture, forestry, and
fishing.............................................................

6.0

5.9

5.7

5.6

.2

.3

89.5

89.4

83.2

82.9

6.3

6.6

6.8
5.0
5.5
2.9

6.6
5.0
8.3
3.8

6.6
4.7
5.3
2.9

6.3
4.7
8.0
3.6

.2
.3
.1
.1

.3
.3
.2
.2

99.6
76.4
96.0
72.1

98.8'
72.7
184.4
112.8

93.2
69.9
89.1
71.2

91.7
66.6
181.3
108.2

6.3
6.5
7.0
.9

7.1
6.1
3.1
4.6

4.4

5.3

4.2

5.1

.2

.2

124.1

159.3

119.1

154.1

5.0

5.3

1000
1100

3.4
6.1

3.4
6.3

3.0
6.1

3.1
6.2

.4

.4
.1

89.9
470.4

95.6
281.4

83.7
470.2

84.8
275.2

6.3
.2

10.8
6.2

1200
1300

5.5
4.6

5.5
5.9

5.4
4.3

5.4
5.7

.1
.3

.1
.2

187.1
119.7

191.5
172.1

184.8
114.2

189.3
166.4

2.3
5.5

2.2
5.7

1400

2.6

2.7

2.3

2.4

.3

.2

65.5

72.7

59.5

67.2

6.0

5.6

6.2

6.9

6.0

6.6

.2

.3

117.3

126.7

111.5

120.3

5.8

6.4

6.1
6.1
6.3

6.9
6.3
7.0

5.9
5.9
6.1

6.6
6.1
6.8

.2
.2
.2

.3
.2
.3

112.0
121.7
118.0

120.5
130.8
128.2

107.5
117.6
110.8

114.4
125.1
121.4

4.5
4.1
7.1

6.1
5.7
6.8

4.2

4.5

3.7

3.9

.5

.5

70.4

74.2

62.3

65.3

8.0

8.9

Agricultural production...................................
Agricultural services.......................................
Forestry..........................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.......................

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining................................................................
Metal mining 8 .................................................
Anthracite mining 8 .........................................
Bituminous coal and lignite
mining 8........................................................
Oil and gas extraction...................................
Nonmetallic minerals, except
fuels 8...........................................................
Construction......................................................
General building contractors..........................
Heavy construction contractors....................
Special trade contractors..............................

1500
1600
1700

Manufacturing...................................................

4.2

4.6

3.7

4.0

.5

.6

70.3

76.3

61.8

66.6

8.5

9.6

2400
2500
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800

9.1
5.6
5.9
5.3
5.9
6.1
2.4
3.5
2.0

9.8
6.3
6.4
6.0
6.5
6.2
2.6
4.0
2.0

8.7
5.0
5.4
4.6
5.2
5.4
2.0
2.8
1.7

9.2
5.6
5.9
5.2
5.7
5.5
2.2
3.3
1.7

.4
.6
.5
.8
.7
.7
.4
.6
.3

.5
.7
.6
.8
.8
.7
.4
.7
.3

161.4
80.2
109.4
101.2
92.4
97.4
36.9
62.0
32.7

169.8
97.7
117.3
112.7
100.9
98.9
40.0
65.6
33.4

153.6
71.5
100.1
89.0
82.6
30.0
52.5
26.4

159.6
86.9
106.9
98.9
89.4
87.1
32.7
54.8
26.8

7.8
8.7
9.3
12.2
9.8
11.3
6.8
9.5
6.3

10.2
10.8
10.4
13.7
11.4
11.8
7.3
10.7
6.6

3900

3.8

4.1

3.5

3.7

.4

.4

63.6

66.7

57.4

60.0

6.2

6.7

4.2

4.3

3.7

3.8

.4

.5

70.5

71.1

63.1

63.3

7.4

7.8

2000
2100
2200
2300
2600
2700
2800
2900

7.5
2.9
2.7
2.3
4.4
2.8
2.4
2.4

7.6
3.2
3.0
2.4
4.6
2.9
2.3
2.4

7.0
2.7
2.3
2.2
3.8
2.7
1.9
1.9

6.9
2.9
2.4
2.3
4.1
2.7
1.8
2.0

.6
.3
.5
.1
.6
.2
.5
.4

.7
.3
.5
.1
.6
.2
.5
.4

124.0
42.6
50.2
39.2
88.6
43.6
41.2
46.1

122.7
51.4
52.3
38.9
91.9
44.6
39.4
53.1

113.3
38.1
43.1
36.8
78.6
40.7
32.8
37.4

110.9
47.3
44.6
36.3
81.8
41.4
31.0
45.3

10.7
4.5
7.0
2.4
10.0
2.9
8.4
8.7

11.9
4.0
7.6
2.6
10.1
3.2
8.4
7.8

3000
3100

6.1
4.0

6.2
4.3

5.4
3.7

5.5
3.9

.7
.3

.7
.4

97.4
73.4

98.9
79.5

86.1
66.8

87.1
73.1

11.3
6.6

11.8
6.4

4.7

5.1

4.2

4.6

.5

.5

94.4

104.2

85.5

94.7

8.9

9.5

4000

5.2

5.8

3.3

3.3

1.9

2.4

76.1

92.6

54.0

61.0

22.1

31.6

4100
4200
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800

5.3
8.0
6.4
7.2
1.5
1.8
1.5

5.3
9.1
7.2
7.4
1.7
2.2
1.4

5.0
7.9
6.3
6.9
1.4
1.8
1.2

5.1
8.9
7.1
7.1
1.6
2.1
1.1

.3
.1
.1
.3
.1

.2
.2
.2
.3
.1
.1
.3

113.1
185.1
228.5
96.7
24.7
37.8
26.8

113.7
206.1
267.4
107.0
40.5
37.1
24.2

108.8
181.7
225.5
90.1
22.8
36.5
18.4

105.8
202.4
262.6
100.9
36.8
35.7
16.3

4.4
3.3
3.0
6.7
1.8
1.4
8.4

7.8
3.7
4.8
6.1
3.7
1.4
8.0

Durable goods.................................................
Lumber and wood products...........................
Furniture and fixtures.....................................
Stone, clay, and glass products....................
Primary metal industries................................
Fabricated metal products............................
Machinery, except electrical..........................
Electric and electronic equipment................
Transportation equipment.............................
Instruments and related products.................
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries.....................................................
Nondurable goods...........................................
Food and kindred products............................
Tobacco manufactures..................................
Textile mill products.......................................
Apparel and other textile products...............
Paper and allied products..............................
Printing and publishing..................................
Chemicals and allied products......................
Petroleum and coal products........................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products.......................................................
Leather and leather products........................
Transportation and public utilities....................
Railroad transportation 8 ...............................
Local and interurban passenger
transit...........................................................
Trucking and warehousing.............................
Water transportation......................................
Transportation by a ir......................................
Pipe lines, except natural g a s .......................
Transportation services.................................
Communication...............................................
See footnotes at end of table.




O

39

0

.3

86.1

Table 5. Occupational injury incidence ra.~s for lost workday cases by industry, 1983 and 1984 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4
Lost workdays

Lost workday injuries
Industry 2

SIC

Cases involving
days away
from work 5

Total lost
workday
cases

Cases involving

activity only

Total
lost
workdays

Number of
days away
from work

Number of days
of restricted
work activity 6

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

1983

1984

3.6

3.6

2.6

2.7

1.0

0.9

61.0

58.7

44.5

43.1

16.5

15.5

Wholesale and retail trade ...............................

3.1

3.2

2.9

3.1

.2

.2

47.4

50.0

44.3

46.2

3.1

3.8

Wholesale trade...............................................

3.2

3.4

3.0

3.2

.2

.2

50.1

54.8

46.1

50.4

4.0

4.3

2.6
4.1

2.9
4.1

2.5
3.9

2.7
3.9

.2
.2

.2
.2

39.2
65.7

44.4
70.0

35.3
61.8

40.5
65.1

4.0
4.0

4.0
4.9

3.0

3.2

2.8

3.0

.1

.1

46.3

47.9

43.5

44.4

2.8

3.5

3.7
4.0
4.4
2.4
1.0
1.8
3.0
1.7

4.4
4.1
4.9
2.7
1.1
2.1
3.0
1.9

3.5
3.7
4.4
2.3
1.0
1.7
2.9
1.6

4.2
3.8
4.8
2.6
1.0
2.0
2.9
1.8

.2
.3
.1
.1

.3
.3
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1

57.7
55.7
79.1
39.4
17.7
30.2
40.0
31.1

65.5
60.0
85.5
46.1
19.4
36.6
34.1
33.7

51.6
51.3
77.0
36.9
16.5
26.5
37.6
28.9

59.9
53.4
81.7
43.3
17.8
31.9
31.4
31.2

6.0
4.4
2.1
2.5
1.2
3.8
2.5
2.2

3.8
2.8
1.6
4.7
2.7
2.5

.8

.9

.8

.8

(9
)

.1

12.4

13.2

11.2

11.5

1.3

1.6

6000
6100

.6
.5

.7
.6

.6

.5

.6
.5

(9
)
0

0
(9
)

7.8
6.0

10.4
7.7

6.8
5.4

8.8
6.3

1.0
.6

1.6
1.3

6200
6300
6400
6500
6600

.3
.7
.3
2.2
-

.3
.7
.3
2.2
.3

.3
.7
.2
2.1
-

.3
.7
.2
2.1
.3

ft

(9
)
(9
)
.1
-

(9
)
(9
)
.2

3.7
12.1
4.1
34.2
-

4.7
11.2
4.4
33.1
7.7

3.6
11.3
3.6
30.8
-

4.4
10.2
4.0
29.2
6.6

.2
.8
3.5
-

.3
1.1
.4
3.9
1.1

2.3

2.4

2.2

2.3

.1

.1

36.2

40.3

33.8

37.4

2.4

2.9

3.7
1.3
2.1
3.2
3.7
1.6
3.6
3.1
.2
1.4
2.4
2.6
.5

4.1
1.4
2.2
3.2
3.9
1.7
3.8
3.3
.2
1.3
2.5
2.7

3.5
1.3
2.0
3.1
3.5
1.5
3.0
3.0
.2
1.3
2.4
2.4
.5

3.8
1.4
2.1
3.0
3.7
1.6
3.2
3.2
.2
1.2
2.3
2.5

.2
.1
.1
.2
.2

.2
.1 •
.1
.2
.3

53.8
20.2
33.0
51.5
61.0
28.5
52.6
49.2
4.0
18.1
36.8
31.7
7.5

62.8
24.3
38.8
52.3
67.9
29.9
51.1
55.9
4.5
21.2
38.5
38.9
8.6

50.5
19.2
30.8
45.8
56.2
26.9
45.6
47.0
2.5

58.0
22.8
36.5
49.2
62.3
28.1
44.2
52.7
3.0
19.5
34.5
30.6
7.6

3.4
1.0
2.2
5.6
4.8
1.6
6.9
2.2
1.5
1.5
2.8
3.3

4.7
1.5
2.3
3.2
5.6
i.8
b.9
3.?

1.1

1.1

Electric, gas, and sanitary services..............

Wholesale trade-durable g o o d s....................
Wholesale trade-nondurable goods..............

4900

5000
5100

Retail trad e ......................................................
Building materials and garden supplies ........
General merchandise stores .........................
Food stores.....................................................
Automotive dealers and service stations......
Apparel and accessory stores.......................
Furniture and home furnishing stores ..........
Eating and drinking places ............................
Miscellaneous retail .......................................

5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5900

Finance, insurance, and real estate................
Banking...........................................................
Credit agencies other than banks.................
Security, commodity brokers and
services .......................................................
Insurance carriers ..........................................
Insurance agents, brokers and service.........
Real estate......................................................
Combined real estate, insurance, etc............
Services.............................................................
Hotels and other lodging places...................
Personal services...........................................
Business services ..........................................
Auto repair, services, and garages...............
Miscellaneous repair services .......................
Motion pictures...............................................
Amusement and recreation services............
Health services...............................................
Legal services .....................................................................................
Educational services......................................
Social services................................................
MuseUms, botanical, zoological gardens......
Miscellaneous services..................................

7000
7200
7300
7500
7600
7800
7900
8000
8100
8200
8300
8400
8900

.6

.6

.1
.2
.1

-

ft

-

-

.6
.1
(9
)
0

.6
.1

.1

.2
(9
)

ft
.1
.1

.2

ft

1 6.6

34.0
28.4
6.4

.6

5.5
6 .6

1.

1.7
4.1
8.3

5 Also includes cases which involved both days away from work and days
of restricted work activity.

1 To maintain comparability with the rest of the series a statistical method
was used for generating the estimates to represent the small nonfarm
employers in low-risk industries who were not surveyed for 1983 and 1984.
The estimating procedure involved averaging the data reported by small
employers for 1980, 1981, and 1982 surveys.

6 The number of days of restricted work activity includes those resulting
from cases involving restricted work only and days resulting from cases
involving days away from work and days of restricted work activity.

2 Industry division totals include data for industries not shown seperately.
7 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
3

S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u a l,
S u p p lem en t.

1972 Edition,

1977

4 Incidence rates represent the number of lost workday injuries or lost
workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X
200,000 where,
N
EH

= number of lost workday injuries or lost workdays
= total hours worked by all employees during the calendar
year
200,000 = base for 100 full-time workers (working 40 hours per
week, 50 weeks per year).




40

8 Data conforming to OSHA definitions for employers in the railroad
industry and for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining were
provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Departmentof
Transportation and the Mine Federal Railroad Administration, U.S.
Department of Transportation. Independent mining contractors are excluded
from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries.
9 Incidence rates less than 0.05.
NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
Because of rounding, components may add to a sum greater than the
components.

Table 6. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses by industry, 1984
Illnesses

Injuries

Injuries and illnesses

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Private sector3 .........................................

5,419.7

2,501.5

17

5,294.8

2,449.7

17

124.8

51.8

20

Agriculture, forestry, and
fishing 3...........................................................

93.6

47.4

15

90.2

46.3

15

3.4

1.1

9

57.0
33.9
2.0
.7

28.6
17.2
1.2
.5

15
14
22
30

54.9
32.6
1.9
.7

28.0
16.7
1.2
.5

15
15
22
30

2.1
1.3
.1
0

.6
.5

11

94.1

52.0

30

92.9

51.4

30

1.3

1000
1100

2.7
.2

1.5
.1

28
44

2.6
.2

1.5
.1

28
44

1200
1300

12.5
73.6

9.9
37.0

35
29

12.4
72.7

9.8
36.5

35
29

.9

1400

5.1

3.5

27

5.1

3.5

27

.1

582.0

258.8

19

575.9

256.5

18

150.8
107.1
324.1

67.5
46.0
145.2

18
21
18

149.4
105.5
321.0

67.0
45.5
144.1

Manufacturing...................................................

1,988.6

873.6

17

1,916.1

Durable goods.................................................

1,261.3

543.0

17

2400
2500
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800

130.3
70.6
80.2
113.6
230.2
104.3
148.5
181.4
37.4

65.7
29.8
38.7
52.1
95.6
49.4
60.9
81.0
15.2

3900

37.5

Industry 1

Agricultural production 3 ................................
Agricultural services.......................................
Forestry..........................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.......................

SIC
code 2

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining................................................................
Metal mining 5 .................................................
Anthracite mining 5 .........................................
Bituminous coal and lignite
mining * ........................................................
Oil and gas extraction...................................
Nonmetallic mineral^ except
fuels 5 ...........................................................

Lumber and wood products...........................
Furniture and fixtures.....................................
Stone, clay, and glass products....................
Primary metal industries................................
Fabricated metal products .........................
Machinery, except electrical..........................
Electric and electronic equipment ................
Transportation equipment.............................
Instruments and related products.................
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries.....................................................

24

0
0

0

.1
.5

21
12

2.2

24

18
21
18

1.4
1.6
3.1

.5
.5
1.2

15
14
33

841.8

17

72.4

31.9

22

1,217.5

524.5

16

43.9

18.5

23

17
16
18
19
16
16
16
17
17

128.4
69.0
78.4
111.1
223.4
100.5
138.8
173.9
35.2

64.9
29.0
37.9
51.2
92.7
47.6
56.6
77.8
14.1

17
16
18
19
16
16
15
16
16

1.8
1.6
1.8
2.5
6.9
3.8
9.7
7.5
2.3

.7
.8
.8
.9
2.9
1.8
4.3
3.2
1.0

20
22
26
25
20
23
26
20
27

15.2

16

35.7

14.6

16

1.8

.6

19

727.3

330.7

17

698.7

317.3

17

28.6

13.4

21

2000
2100
2200
2300
2600
2700
2800
2900

258.7
4.5
57.0
70.8
70.8
79.3
54.2
9.7

125.5
1.9
21.8
26.6
32.3
35.8
24.9
4.6

16
16
18
16
20
16
17
22

244.2
4.5
55.7
68.8
69.6
77.8
51.5
9.5

118.3
1.9
21.2
25.7
31.7
35.1
24.0
4.5

16
16
18
16
20
15
17
23

14.5
.1
1.3
2.0
1.2
1.5
2.7
.3

7.2
0
.5
.9
.6
.7
.9
.1

19
9
23
24
23
26
15
9

3000
3100

104.3
17.8

49.4
7.9

16
20

100.5
16.5

47.6
7.3

16
19

3.8
1.3

1.8
.7

23
37

427.9

251.6

20

422.1

249.3

20

5.8

2.3

20

4000

34.0

22.8

16

33.4

22.5

16

.6

.3

9

4100
4200
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800

18.5
185.6
23.2
57.9
.8
9.0
33.7

10.9
116.3
12.9
33.0
.3
5.1
18.0

21
23
37
14
24
17
17

18.3
184.6
22.8
57.2
.8
8.9
32.6

10.9
115.8
12.8
32.5
.3
5.0
17.7

22
23
37
15
24
17
17

.2
1.0
.4
.8

.1
.5
.2
.5

12
43
28
7

4900

65.2

32.2

16

63.5

31.8

16

1500
1600
1700

See footnotes at end of table.




14

6.1

Transportation and public utilities....................
Railroad transportation 5 ...............................
Local and interurban passenger
transit...........................................................
Trucking and warehousing.............................
Water transportation......................................
Transportation by a ir......................................
Pipe lines, except natural g a s .......................
Transportation services.................................
Communication...............................................
Electric, gas, and sanitary
services.......................................................

.6

13

Nondurable goods...........................................
Food and kindred products............................
Tobacco manufactures..................................
Textile mill products.......................................
Apparel and other textile products...............
Paper and allied products..............................
Printing and publishing ..................................
Chemicals and allied products......................
Petroleum and coal products........................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products.......................................................
Leather and leather products........................

.2

0

n

Construction......................................................
General building contractors..........................
Heavy construction contractors ....................
Special trade contractors..............................

.1
O

6

14
37

0

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.1

.3

17

.4

17

Table 6. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses by industry, 1984—Continued

Industry 1

SIC
code 2

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Illnesses

Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases
(thou­
sands)

Lost
workday
cases
(thou­
sands)

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Wholesale and retail trade ...............................

1,314.5

579.1

15

1,302.9

574.3

15

11.5

4.8

19

Wholesale trade...............................................

379.8

181.1

16

374.9

179.3

16

4.9

1.8

22

210.5
169.3

92.5
88.6

15
17

207.7
167.2

91.5
87.8

15
17

2.8
2.1

.9
.9

29
13

934.7

398.0

15

928.0

395.0

15

6.7

3.0

18

5200
5300
5400

57.5
155.6
213.3

26.6
65.9
97.0

15
15
18

57.1
154.9
212.7

26.4
65.4
96.7

15
15
17

.4
.7
.5

.2
.5
.3

23
28
29

5500
5600

117.8
19.9

46.1
8.1

17
17

116.8
19.8

45.7
8.1

17
17

1.1
.1

.5
-

16

5700
5800
5900

25.1
281.4
64.1

12.5
109.9
31.9

18
11
18

24.8
278.4
63.6

12.4
108.7
31.7

17
11
18

.4
3.0
.5

.1
1.2
-

50
6
-

98.6

45.1

15

96.7

44.3

15

1.9

.8

27

6000
6100

24.3
8.8

10.5
3.7

16
14

23.9
8.6

10.3
3.6

15
13

.4
.1

.2
.1

22
29

6200
6300

2.3
19.1

1.0
8.5

14
16

2.3
18.7

1.0
8.3

14
15

.3

50
32

6400
6500
6600

3.5
38.7
.1

1.3
19.3
O

18
15
27

3.4
37.9
.1

1.2
19.0
O

16
15
27

0

0

O

820.5

393.9

17

798.1

385.8

17

22.4

8.1

16

7000
7200
7300
7500
7600
7800
7900
8000
8100
8200
8300

93.7
21.9
158.8
42.6
23.3
6.7
47.0
302.5
2.7
28.649.6

39.2
11.1
73.3
19.7
11.4
2.8
20.4
161.5
1.3
11.5
23.5

15
17
17
17
17
18
13
17
23
16
15

92.3
21.4
155.0
42.2
23.1
6.4
45.9
291.2
2.6
27.8
48.6

38.8
10.9
71.7
19.6
11.2
2.7
19.9
157.9
1.2
11.3
23.1

15
17
18
17
17
18
13
17
20
16
15

1.4
.5
3.8
.4
.3
.3
1.1
11.3
.2
.7
1.0

.5
1.5
.1
.2
.1
.5
3.6
.1
.2
.4

13
9
14
13
16
10
17
56
17
13

8400
8900

2.0
15.1

.9
6.7

15
14

2.0
14.5

.9
6.5

14
14

.1
.6

O
.2

19
20

Wholesale trade-durable g o o ds....................
Wholesale trade-nondura' '.e goods..............

5000
5100

Retail trade......................................................
Building materials and garden
supplies .......................................................
General merchandise sto re s .........................
Food stores....................................................
Automotive dealers and service
stations........................................................
Apparel and accessory stores.......................
Furniture and home furnishing
stores...........................................................
Eating and drinking places ............................
Miscellaneous retail .......................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate................
Banking...........................................................
Credit agencies other than banks.................
Security, commodity brokers and
services .......................................................
Insurance carriers ..........................................
Insurance agents, brokers and
service .........................................................
Real estate......................................................
Combined real estate, insurance, etc............
Services.............................................................
Hotels and other lodging places...................
Personal services...........................................
Business services ..........................................
Auto repair, services, and garages...............
Miscellaneous repair services.......................
Motion pictures...............................................
Amusement and recreation services............
Health services...............................................
Legal services.................................................
Educational services......................................
Social services................................................
Museums, botanical, zoological
gardens........................................................
Miscellaneous services..................................

1972 Edition,

1977

3 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
4 Estimates of fewer than 50 cases.
5 Data conforming to OSHA definitions for employers in the railroad
industry and for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining were




0
.4
.1
.7

60

O
-

-

provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal,
metal, and rionmetal mining industries.

1 Industry division totals include data for industries not shown seperately.
2 S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u a l,
S u p p lem en t.

O

-

42

NOTE: Dashes indicate that data do not meet publication guidelines.
Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.
The number of lost workdays for the 2-digit SIC levels shown in this table
can be approximated by multiplying the number of lost workday cases by the
average lost workdays per lost workday case.

Table 7. Occupational illness incidence rates by industry and category of illness, 1984
Incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers 3
Industry ’

SIC
code 2

Total
cases

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
Disorders
All other
due to
associated with occupational
physical
repeated trauma
illnesses
agents

Private sector4 ...........................................

18.4

6.3

0.3

1.6

0.7

1.3

5.1

3.2

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4 .....................

43.8

28.5

.4

1.5

3.3

3.2

1.5

5.3

49.2
37.6
61.5
7.5

33.4
23.0
35.1
5.0

.
.6

2.2
(5
)
(5
)

3.4
3.2
(5
)

3.1
3.7
*1.4
(5
)

1.2
1.3
16.5
(5
)

5.6
5.0
-

13.0

4.0

1.7

.9

.8

1.6

1.2

2.8

Agricultural production 4 ..................................
Agricultural services........................................
Forestry............................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.........................

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining 6 ...............................................................

O
(5
)

Metal mining 6 ..................................................
Anthracite mining 6 ..........................................
Bituminous coal and lignite
mining 6 ........................................................

1000
1100

14.1
8.6

1200

10.6

.2

7.6

Oil and gas extraction.....................................

1300

15.1

*5.9

.2

1.4

Nonmetallic minerals, except
fuels 6 ...........................................................

1400

6.0

1.5

.8

*.1

16.3

6.6

.5

1.8

1500
1520
1530

14.4
12.9
12.3

5.1
4.9
5.6

.5
.8

3.0
1.9
-

1540

16.2

5.1

-

4.3

Construction.......................................................
General building contractors...........................
Residential building construction.................
Operative builders.........................................
Nonresidential building
construction.................................................
Heavy construction contractors......................
Highway and street construction .................
Heavy construction, except
highway........................................................

*.7
(5
)

1.2
*8.6

(5
)

*.2
(5
)

2.4
(5
)

(6
)

1.3

.1

1.2

.1

-

*2.3

.5

*4.3

.8

.5

2.2

(5
)

1.1

1.6

1.0

3.7

1.3
1.8
-

1.1
*.8

.6
1.3

2.9
2.8
3.5

-

2.0

-

3.0

-

1.9
1.3

1.2
-

3.7
2.4

_

*.7
0

8.5
(5
)

*.5
(5
)

1600
1610

22.3
10.6

12.4
5.2

.7
-

1.7
.6

1620

27.6

15.7

.9

2.2

-

2.2

1.6

4.2

Special trade contractors...............................
1700
Plumbing, heating, air
conditioning.................................................
1710
Painting, paper hanging,
decorating....................................................
1720
Electrical w o rk ...............................................
1730
Masonry, stonework, and
plastering..................................................... ' 1740
Carpentering and flooring.............................
1750
Roofing and sheet metal w ork.....................
1760
Concrete w o rk ...............................................
1770
Water well drilling .........................................
1780
Miscellaneous special trade
contractors................................................... 1790

15.1

5.2

.4

1.3

1.1

1.8

1.1

4.0

15.0

4.9

-

1.7

1.7

2.0

-

4.0

19.1
9.6

6.8
3.6

3.0
1.1

.

*.3

-

-

-

-

-

15.6
11.2
16.8
18.2
16.4

5.2
4.0
10.1
5.9

.
-

.
.
3.9

-

4.4
.

4.7
.
0

5.4
6.7
4.4
-

19.0

7.1

-

1.5

-

-

-

4.2

Manufacturing ....................................................

38.5

12.3

.5

2.9

1.0

2.5

16.6

2.7

Durable g oods..................................................

38.6

13.3

.4

3.3

.9

3.1

15.0

2.5

2400

27.1

7.7

.4

.9

.4

1.9

13.4

2.4

2410
2420

28.0
30.4

8.9
5.3

.4

.7

*.1
.7

2.5
1.0

11.0
20.4

5.4
1.8

2430
2440
2450
2490

27.4
7.8
34.7
19.2

9.0
2.9
8.2
10.5

.6
*.4
(5
)

1.1
*.3
3.3
*.4

.3
*.3
(s)
.7

1.0
*.3
8.2
1.2

13.8
2.3
9.3
5.2

1.6
1.6
5.2
1.2

2500
2510
2520

33.6
25.8
90.0

8.0
7.9
10.7

.2
*.1

1.5
1.5
-

1.4
1.2
1.6

19.4
12.0
72.7

2.5
2.2
4.0

2530
2540

33.4
12.5

11.0
4.5

*.4
*.2

4.3
*.5

*.4
*.5

3.9
1.6

12.6
4.7

*.8

2590

33.6

7.9

(5
)

3.7

*.6

*.9

13.4

7.0

Lumber and wood products............................
Logging camps and logging
contractors...................................................
Sawmills and planing m ills............................
Millwork, plywood and structural
members......................................................
Wood containers...........................................
Wood buildings and mobile hom es.............
Miscellaneous wood products......................
Furniture and fixtures......................................
Household furniture......................................
Office furniture...............................................
Public building and related
furniture........................................................
Partitions and fixtures...................................
Miscellaneous furniture and
fixtures.........................................................

0
.
(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

-

See footnotes at end of table.




(5
)

43

(5
)

_
.
-

-

Table 7. Occupational illness incidence rates by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers 3
Industry 1

SIC
code 2

Total
cases

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
illnesses
repeated trauma
agents

3200
3210

30.5
*2.4

11.7
0

0.6
(5
)

0.7
(5
)

1.0
(5
)

1.6
(5
)

10.4
*2.4

4.4
(5
)

3220
3230
3240
3250
3260

36.8
38.6
6.6
20.6
57.3

7.3
9.5
‘ .8
5.5
18.9

*.1
*.2
(5
)
*.8
*.5

*.2
*.4
*.8
*.8
3.5

*.1
2.5
(5
)
(5
)
*.3

2.6
(6
)
,
1.6
2.1

18.4
22.0
2.5
11.3
30.1

8.1
2.5
1.9

3270
3280

22.4
13.0

12.4
9.3

.7
(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

1.9
*1.9

1.5
(5
)

5.3
-

3290

40.6

18.7

2.0

.9

2.5

1.1

11.4

3.9

3300

28.8

7.5

1.2

3.4

1.5

4.1

9.2

1.9

3310
3320
3330
3340
3350
3360

20.1
37.2
25.8
67.0
25.8
45.4

5.0
8.8
1.4
8.6
7.4
15.7

2.2
1.5
*.2
*1.0
*.1

1.1
2.8
6.7
11.7
-

.9
.7
*.2
.9
.9

4.6
8.0
2.2
11.2
1.6
1.7

4.7
14.0
14.5
4.6
8.4
19.8

1.7
1.3
9.6
1.8
2.3

3390

37.0

18.7

*.4

2.0

7.7

*1.6

2.4

4.1

3400

47.9

17.7

3.1

1.0

4.0

18.5

3.4

3410
3420

20.6
83.2

9.7
27.3

(5
)
(5
)

1.6
3.8

1.0
-

*.2
2.6

7.4
46.5

*.7
1.8

3430

48.4

13.9

*.2

5.6

*.7

2.8

24.4

3440

30.6

5.5

7.5

11.0

4.6

3450
3460
3470
3480

49.8
52.4
59.4
91.7

40.5
14.7
33.8
18.7

1.6

3.9
3.7
1.2

2.7
25.3
6.4
56.6

2.0
2.5
5.5
9.7

3490

39.6

23.5

.3

2.6

.7

1.8

8.4

-

Machinery, except electrical............................
Engines and turbines....................................
Farm and garden machinery........................
Construction and related
machinery....................................................
Metalworking machinery ..............................
Special industry machinery...........................
General industrial machinery........................
Office and computing machines..................
Refrigeration and service
machinery...................................................
Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical ......................................................

3500
3510
3520

37.1
141.0
33.3

14.5
38.0
10.1

.3
*.3
1.0

2.8
1.8
1.3

.5
.4
.7

3.0
2.4
5.8

13.6
88.2
12.9

2.3
9.9
1.4

3530
3540
3550
3560
3570

32.6
27.7
19.9
41.5
23.1

12.5
15.2
11.8
23.7
5.1

1.2
2.0
1.8
5.9

.6
.9
.4
.4

.

.2
*.1
.4
.2

2.4
1.1
2.7
.8

6.4
6.2
1.8
10.3
9.6

2.5
2.1
2.0
2.2
1.1

3580

59.7

18.6

*.1

4.7

.4

3.5

30.7

1.7

3590

27.9

15.2

.2

1.5

.4

2.8

5.1

-

Electric and electronic equipment..................
Electric distributing equipment.....................
Electrical industrial apparatus......................
Household appliances..................................
Electric lighting and wiring
equipment....................................................
Radio and TV receiving equipment.............
Communication equipment...........................
Electronic components and
accessories..................................................
Miscellaneous electrical equipment
and supplies.................................................

3600
3610
3620
3630

44.3
44.6
38.8
134.9

14.4
11.4
14.1
15.4

.2
*.2
*.1

5.6
1.1
3.1
3.0

1.3
*.4
3.5

1.9
1.7
2.8
3.4

17.8
28.6
15.4
100.4

3.1
1.3
3.0
9.1

3640
3650
3660

36.1
40.8
22.5

15.6
10.2
6.2

.3
*.1
.1

.8
3.0
3.3

.3
-

2.3
1.0
-

15.5
22.4
8.9

1.3
3.7
1.6

3670

51.3

23.8

.4

12.4

2.3

2.1

6.1

4.3

3690

33.9

9.9

1.5

.4

.9

19.2

2.0

Transportation equipment...............................
Motor vehicles and equipment.....................
Aircraft and p a rts ..........................................

3700
3710
3720

38.7
39.4
25.8

11.8
10.6
13.8

3.0
1.9
2.3

.8
.8
.3

5.8
3.4
1.5

15.0
21.4
6.1

1.5
1.1
1.3

Stone, clay, and glass products.....................
Flat glass ......................................................
Glass and glassware, pressed or
blown ...........................................................
Products of purchased glass........................
Cement, hydraulic.........................................
Structural clay products................................
Pottery and related products........................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products.......................................................
Cut stone and stone products .....................
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products.......................................................
Primary metal industries .................................
Blast furnace and basic steel
products.......................................................
Iron and steel foundries...............................
Primary nonferrous metals............................
Secondary nonterrous m etals......................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing....................
Nonferrous foundries....................................
Miscellaneous primary metal
products........................................................
Fabricated metal products...............................
Metal cans and shipping
containers.....................................................
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware ..............
Plumbing and heating, except
e lectric.........................................................
Fabricated structural metal
products.......................................................
Screw machine products, bolts,
etc..................................................................
Metal forgings and stampings......................
Metal services, n.e.c.....................................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c................
Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products.......................................................

.2

.2
*.3
*.2
*.4

*.1
.8
.2
.3

See footnotes at end of table.




44

1.2
2.0
4.0
8.7
3.5

.6
*.4

Table 7. Occupational illness incidence rates by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers
Industry '

Ship and boat building and
repairing.......................................................
Railroad equipment.......................................
Motorcycles, bicycles, and p a rts .................
Guided missiles, space vehicles,
p a rts .............................................................
Miscellaneous transportation
equipment....................................................
Instruments and related products ..................
Engineering and scientific
instruments..................................................
Measuring and controlling devices..............
Optical instruments and lenses ...................
Medical instruments and supplies...............
Ophthalmic goods.........................................
Photographic equipment and
supplies........................................................
Watches, clocks, and
watchcases...................................................
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries.....................................................
Jewelry, silverware, and plated
ware .............................................................
Musical instruments......................................
Toys and sporting go o ds.............................
Pens, pencils, office and art
supplies........................................................
Costume jewelry and notions.......................
Miscellaneous manufactures........................

SIC
code 2

Total
cases

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
illnesses
repeated trauma
agents

3730
3740
3750

97.3
58.6
64.1

16.1
15.7
7.0

5.7
(5
)

10.0
7.5
*2.1

2.4
*.6
*1.4

34.0
5.8
5.6

25.4
26.7
48.1

3.7
1.7
(5
)

3760

13.0

7.4

*.1

2.7

.3

1.0

.6

.8

3790

29.2

6.7

*.2

2.4

1.0

9.7

4.9

4.3

3800

32.6

12.5

_

4.5

1.1

11.8

1.3

3810
3820
3830
3840
3850

24.6
31.9
38.4
26.8
87.0

7.2
10.9
31.2
11.0
47.3

*.4
.3
(6
)
.3
(5
)

6.4
1.8
1.7
7.3

*.1
2.1
(5
)
*1.1

.8
1.8
1.4
.4
2.7

8.0
13.7
3.4
9.4
25.1

1.8
1.2
*.6
1.2
3.5

3860

26.2

5.7

(5
)

9.4

(5
)

*.3

10.0

.8

3870

52.6

6.5

(5
)

12.3

*.7

*.7

31.7

*.7

3900

49.9

25.8

1.4

15.9

3.4

3910
3930
3940

13.9
33.9
97.6

5.5
19.5
55.1

(5
)
(5
)

3950
3960
3990

55.6
34.0
29.2

15.4
13.7

(5
)
*.8
*.1

38.4

10.6

Nondurable goods.............................................

.3

2.6

(5
)

.6

2.4
*1.3
3.8

*.4
(5
)
3.2

5.1
6.5
28.9

*.2
6.5
5.2

6.5
*.8
1.4

(5
)
*1.1
*.2

*1.0
.9

28.8
*.8
11.7

3.9
8.8
1.2

.6

2.4

1.2

1.6

19.0

3.0

.3
.6

2.1
1.5
.6
1.9
.2
(5
)
*.3
1.6
.

4.1
10.5
1.5
4.9
1.6
1.0
2.1
*1.1
2.1

60.1
235.3
5.0
18.1
7.8
10.2
6.6
*.5
7.6

6.0
14.4
2.0
5.4
1.8
1.0
.8
2.9
4.6

.5

Food and kindred products.............................
Meat products...............................................
Dairy products...............................................
Preserved fruits and vegetables..................
Grain mill products........................................
Bakery products............................................
Sugar and confectionery products ..............
Fats and o ils ..................................................
Beverages.....................................................
Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products.......................................................

2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080

93.3
306.7
18.1
56.3
23.3
16.0
17.1
12.8
28.0

16.7
37.0
5.7
19.7
9.6
2.5
6.4
5.9
10.3

.6
(5
)
(5
)
*.2

4.0
7.4
3.1
6.2
1.7
.6
.9
*.8
3.0

2090

71.5

22.3

-

4.2

13.8

2.5

20.5

8.0

Tobacco manufactures...................................
Cigarettes......................................................
Cigars............................................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco....................
Tobacco stemming and redrying.................

2100
2110
2120
2130
2140

9.3
6.6
10.0
13.3
19.8

3.1
1.5
*2.0
*8.0
8.8

*.5
*.7
(5
)
(5
)
(5
)

*.5
(5
)
*6.0
(5
)
(5
)

1.5
2.2
(5
)
(5
)

1.2
*.5
(5
)
*5.3
*3.3

1.0
*.5
*2.0
(5
)
*3.3

1.5
1.2
(s)

Textile mill products........................................
Weaving mills, co tto n ...................................
Weaving mills, synthetics..............................
Weaving and finishing mills, w o o l................
Narrow fabric m ills........................................
Knitting m ills ..................................................
Textile finishing, except w o o l.......................
Floor covering mills ......................................
Yarn and thread m ills...................................
Miscellaneous textile g o o ds.........................

2200
2210
2220
2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290

18.0
4.8
4.6
71.5
21.4
24.0
37.9
14.8
13.2
18.9

8.3
2.5
3.8
62.8
17.8
5.0
15.3
6.1
8.3
12.5

.3
*.4
*.2
*.6
(5
)
.1
(5
)
*.6
.8

.9
*.1
*1.4

.

.6
*.4

5.7
1.3
*.2
4.0
*.9
16.6
1.8

Apparel and other textile products .......................
Men’s and boys’ suits and coats .......................
Men’s and boys’ furnishings..................................
Women’s and misses’ outerwear ......................
Women’s and children’s
undergarments.....................................................
Hats, caps, and millinery .........................................
Children’s outerwear.....................................

2300
2310
2320
2330

18.8
10.1
24.3
12.4

6.5
3.6
5.8
5.2

2340
2350
2360

21.6
30.0
10.2

15.5
9.1
5.7

-

O

.2
(5)
.

(5)
(5)

(5
)

45

*.6
.2
*.2
(5
)
*.1
(5)

.9
(5)

.6

See footnotes at end of table.




-

2.0
.9
*.4
2.9

O

*.6
*.5
.5
1.4
-

-

.5
1.1

1.9
*.7

.7

.7
.2

.7

-

-

7.3
6.0
14.9
2.0

(5
)
1.4

.9
17.0
1.2

ft

(5)

.4
2.5
-

ft

ft

(5
)
(s)

ft

*4.4
2.2
*.1
(5
)
*2.3
(5
)
.7
17.3
*.4
1.2
1.6
2.5
.

1.8
4.3

*.7
-

Table 7. Occupational illness incidence rates by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers 3
Industry 1

Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories..................................................
Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products.......................................................

SIC
code 2

Total
cases

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
Disorders
due to
associated with
physical
repeated trauma
agents

All other
occupational
illnesses

9.8

2.9

1.2

8.4

1.8

1.4
*1.9

1.0
*1.2

7.5
5.6

1.1
(5
)

*.1
(5
)

.7
*.7

8.2
.8

.4
1.5

.5
(5
)

1.5
.8
(5
)

9.8
6.9
(5
)

1.4
1.2
(6
)

.8
1.1
*.1
*.2
1.3
*.2
*1.2
*.5

.2
*.4
0
*.2
*.9
(5
)
(5
)

.5
.3
.8
.8
*.2
.5
*.7
*1.7
*.3
f)

5.8
3.5
9.0
4.5
11.3
6.8
3.5
9.1
8.4
0

1.0
.8
*.3
2.6
1.1
(5
)
*.5
*.2

2.2
.4
4.4
*.2
*.1
(5
)
6.3
*.1

3.6
5.0
2.3
5.4
3.6
2.1
2.2
2.5

.6
.6
*.1
(5
)
1.1
1.0
.8

1.2
.5
1.3
1.2
1.0
.7
*.2
1.1

2.9
7.3
6.1
(5
)
.7
2.7

3.1
1.9
3.0
1.8
.8
-

4.6
3.0
10.5

3.7
4.6
(5
)

2.6
2.9
-

(5
)

1.5
1.7
-

.9
1.2
(6
)

1.7
1.4
-

18.6

11.1

(5
)

*2.8

*2.8

*.9

(6
)

*.9

3000
3010
3020
3030

49.4
13.5
126.6
*14.5

18.6
5.4
27.8
*14.5

.4
0
(5
)
(5
)

4.0
.6
8.1
(5
)

3.0
*.2
(5
)
(5
)

1.6
*.2
*.7
(5
)

18.2
6.4
88.7
(6
)

3.6
.6
*1.4
(5
)

3040
3060
3070

93.4
50.5
52.0

19.6
20.9
20.2

*.5
1.1
.3

2.4
6.6
4.0

*1.9
1.4
4.0

*1.0
3.0
1.7

64.2
12.7
17.8

3.8
4.8
4.0

3100
3110

75.4
146.5

27.4
108.8

.5
3.7

1.2
4.3

.3
*2.5

1.6
12.4

40.2
10.5

4.2
-

3130
3140
3150
3160

36.8
93.7
*7.1
18.7

17.8
25.2
*3.5
*1.6

*1.3
*.1
(5
)
(5
)

*3.8
.7
(5
)

0
*.1
(5
)
(5
)

(5
)
(5
)
*.8

14.0
61.7
*3.5
9.8

(s)
5.2
(5
)
4.9

3170
3190

17.7
12.9

4.4
12.9

*.4
(5
)

*.4
(5
)

(5
)
O

(6
)
(5
)

9.7
(5
)

2.7
(5
)

Transportation and public utilities .....................

11.8

4.3

.2

1.4

.9

1.5

1.5

1.9

Wholesale and retail trad e ................................

6.5

2.1

.1

.7

.4

.5

.6

2.1

Wholesale tra d e ................................................
Retail trade .......................................................

9.3
5.4

3.2
1.7

1.2
.5

.7
.2

.8
.4

1.2
.4

1.9
2.2

Finance, insurance, and real estate .................

3.7

1.1

.5

.1

-

.3

1.4

*1.0

16.7

2380

34.4

3.2

(5
)

2390

21.7

8.0

*.1

2.2

(5
)

Paper and allied products...............................
Pulp m ills.......................................................
Paper mills, except building
paper............................................................
Paperboard m ills ...........................................
Miscellaneous converted paper
products.......................................................
Paperboard containers and boxes ..............
Building paper and board m ills ....................

2600
2610

17.8
17.3

4.7
3.7

0.2
(5
)

1.9
5.0

2620
2630

18.6
10.4

5.2
2.7

M
(5
)

3.8
4.7

2640
2650
2660

22.3
14.3
14.6

5.1
4.3
7.3

Printing and publishing....................................
Newspapers...................................................
Periodicals......................................................
Books ............................................................
Miscellaneous publishing ..............................
Commercial printing......................................
Manifold business fo rm s ..............................
Greeting card publishing...............................
Blankbooks and bookbinding.......................
Printing trade services..................................

2700
2710
2720
2730
2740
2750
2760
2770
2780
2790

11.9
8.3
13.9
10.6
15.1
14.3
10.7
12.8
17.8
4.5

3.4
2.1
2.2
2.6
4.4
4.6
*.8
7.7
3.8

(5
)
*.1
(5
)
*.1
(5
)
(5
)
(5
)
(5
)

Chemicals and allied products........................
Industrial inorganic chemicals......................
Plastics materials and synthetics.................
Drugs .............................................................
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods.................
Paints and allied products............................
Industrial organic chemicals.........................
Agricultural chemicals ..................................
Miscellaneous chemical products................

2800
2810
2820
2830
2840
2850
2860
2870
2890

26.2
13.9
30.5
35.3
24.2
18.6
19.7
39.0
28.3

12.6
5.5
17.6
11.9
10.1
13.7
7.9
23.8
19.1

Petroleum and coal products..........................
Petroleum refining.........................................
Paving and roofing materials........................
Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.......................................................

2900
2910
2950

15.4
15.3
14.8

2990

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products........................................................
Tires and inner tu b e s ...................................
Rubber and plastics footwear ......................
Reclaimed rubber..........................................
Rubber and plastics hose and
belting ..........................................................
Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c................
Miscellaneous plastics products..................
Leather and leather products..........................
Leather tanning and finishing.......................
Boot and shoe cut stock and
findings ........................................................
Footwear, except rubber..............................
Leather gloves and mittens..........................
Luggage ........................................................
Flandbags and personal leather
goods ...........................................................
Leather goods, nec........................................

.3
(5
)
.2
.7

(5
)
-

See footnotes at end of table.




46

.5
7.3

-

_

*.7

.7

-

Table 7. Occupational illness incidence rates by Industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Incidence rates per 10,000 full-time workers 3
SIC
code 2

Industry 1

Total
cases

Services..............................................................

14.1

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

5.0

0.1

S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u al,
S u p p lem en t.

1972 Edition,

1.3

1.0

0.5

0.6

5.6

5 Incidence rates less than .05.

1 Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for
industries not shown separately.
2

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
illnesses
repeated trauma
agents

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

8
Data conforming to OSHA definitions for employers in the railroad
industry and for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining were
provided by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Mine Safety and Health Admininstration, U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal,
metal, and nonmetal mining industries.

1977

3 Incidence rates represent the number of illnesses per 10,000 full-time
workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 20,000,000 where,

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
Because of rounding the components may add to a sum greater than the
total. Asterisks indicate publishable data for estimates of 1 to 4 cases.

N
EH

= number of illnesses
= total hours worked by all employees during the calendar
year
20,000,000 = base for 10,000 full-time workers (working 40 hours per
week, 50 weeks per year).

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

4 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

Table 8. Number of occupational illnesses by industry division and category of illness, 1984
(In thousands)
Number of illnesses by category
Industry division

Total
illnesses

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
repeated trauma
illnesses
agents

10.6

4.5

9.0

34.7

21.4

.1

.3

.3

.1

.4

.2

.1

.1

.2

.1

.3

2.5

.2

.7

.4

.6

.4

1.4

72.3

23.0

1.0

5.5

1.9

4.7

31.1

5.1

Transportation and public utilities ........................

5.8

2.1

.1

.7

.4

.7

.8

.9

Wholesale and retail tra d e ...................................

11.5

3.8

.1

1.2

.6

.9

1.1

3.7

Wholesale tra d e ...................................................

4.9

1.7

.1

.6

.4

.4

.7

1.0

Retail trade ..........................................................

6.7

2.1

(2
)

.6

.3

.5

.5

2.7

Finance, insurance, and real estate ....................

1.9

.6

(2
)

.2

.1

.1

.1

.7

Services.................................................................

22.4

8.0

2.1

.8

1.5

.9

8.9

Private sector1 ..............................................

124.6

42.5

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 1 ........................

3.4

2.2

Mining.....................................................................

1.3

.4

Construction ..........................................................

6.1

Manufacturing .......................................................

1.8
(2
)

.1

' Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
2

NOTE: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.

Fewer than 50 cases.




47

Table 9. Employment and occupational injury and Illness fatalities for employers with 11 employees or more by industry division, 1983
and 1984
Annual average
employment

Fatalities

1983

Industry division

1984

1983

1984

Number
(thou­
sands)

Percent

Number
(thou­
sands)

Percent

Private sector1..............................................

63,981

100

68,008

100

3,100

100

3,740

100

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing........................

755

1

796

1

80

3

110

3

Mining..................................................................

864

1

895

1

240

8

370

10

Construction.......................................................

2,916

5

3,272

5

670

22

660

18

Manufacturing .....................................................

17,887

28

18,849

28

730

24

800

21

Transportation and public utilities .....................

4,566

7

4,830

7

570

18

770

21

Wholesale and retail trade.................................

16,790

26

18,001

26

440

14

440

12

Finance, insurance, and real estate .................

4,510

7

4,684

7

70

2

80

2

Services..............................................................

15,694

25

16,682

25

310

10

510

14

1 Employment is expressed as an annual average and is derived primarily
from the BLS-State Current Employment Statistics program. Employment
and fatality estimates have been adjusted based on data provided by the
Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses to exclude




Number

Percent

Number

Percent

establishments with fewer than 11 employees,
NOTE: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.

48

Table 10. Distribution of fatalities by cause: Occupational injury and illness fatalities for employers with 11 employees or more,
average 1983-841
(In percent)
Total
private
sector3

Agriculture,
forestry,
and fishing

Miningoil and gas
extraction
only

Construc­
tion

Manufac­
turing

Transpor­
tation and
public
utilities 4

Whole­
sale and
retail
trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services

Total all causes..............................

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Highway vehicles..................................

27

30

18

20

19

42

38

51

23

Heart attacks.........................................

12

13

9

12

11

10

8

25

20

Industrial vehicles or
equipment...........................................

11

19

19

15

12

8

13

5

2

F alls.......................................................

11

8

8

23

8

5

9

7

9

Electrocutions........................................

10

7

3

14

9

7

7

4

16

Assaults.................................................

4

1

0

1

2

3

10

4

12

Struck by objects other than
vehicles or equipment........................

4

6

15

3

7

2

2

0

1

Caught in, under, or between
objects other than vehicles
or equipment......................................

4

3

2

3

7

3

3

0

2

Explosions.............................................

4

2

9

2

8

2

4

0

1

Aircraft crashes.....................................

3

2

2

1

4

4

3

3

5

Gas inhalation.......................................

3

1

8

1

3

8

0

0

1

Plant machinery operations..................

2

1

0

6

1

2

0

(5
)

Fires.......................................................

1

1

3

2

2

1

0

(5
)

All other ................................................

4

5

5

4

3

1

1

Cause 1
2

1 It is difficult to estimate year-to-year changes for the causal categories
precisely because sampling errors are large at the industry division level.

Therefore, the results are an average for the 2 years rather than a comparison
between them.

(*)

(5
)
5

are not available,
4 Excluded railroads,
5 Less than 1 percent.

2 Cause is defined as the object or event associated with the fatality.
NOTE: Because of rounding, percentages may not add to 100.
3 Excludes coal, metal and nonmetal mining, and railroads, for which data




49

9

Table 11. Distribution of fatalities by industry division: Occupational injury and illness fatalities for employers with 11 employees or
more, average 1983-841
(In percent)

Construc­
tion

Manufac­
turing

Transpor­
tation and
public
utilities 4

Whole­
sale and
retail
trade

5

20

25

19

14

1

13

3

4

15

17

29

19

3

11

100

3

4

20

24

16

9

3

21

Industrial vehicles or
equipment...........................................

100

5

9

28

27

13

16

1

2

F alls.......................................................

100

2

3

44

17

10

12

1

11

Electrocutions........................................

100

2

2

29

23

14

9

1

21

Assaults..................................................

100

1

0

4

12

14

33

1

35

Struck by objects other than
vehicles or equipment........................

100

5

20

14

41

11

6

0

3

Caught in, under, or between
objects other than vehicles
or equipment......................................

100

3

3

18

45

16

10

0

5

Explosions .............................................

100

2

13

10

51

9

13

0

3

Aircraft crashes.....................................

100

2

4

5

27

27

15

1

19

Gas inhalation.......................................

100

1

15

6

23

53

0

0

3

Plant machinery operations..................

100

1

0

3

74

7

12

0

3

Fires.......................................................

100

3

12

25

48

3

8

0

2

All other .................................................

100

4

6

18

19

25

3

(5
)

25

Total
private
sector3

Agriculture,
forestry,
and fishing

Total all causes...............................

100

Highway vehicles..................................

100

Heart attacks.........................................

Miningoil and gas
extraction
only

3

Cause 1
2

1 It is difficult to estimate year-to-year changes for the causal categories
precisely because sampling errors are large at the industry division level.
Therefore, the results are an average for the 2 years rather than a
comparison between them.

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

are not available,
4 Excluded railroads,
5 Less than 1 percent.

2 Cause is defined as the object or event associated with the fatality.
NOTE: Because of rounding, percentages may not add to 100.
3 Excludes coal, metal and nonmetal mining, and railroads, for which data




50

Services

Appendix A. Scope and
Method of Survey
Scope

Neyman allocation and a ratio estimator. The
characteristics used to stratify the establishments are the
Standard Industrial Classification (sic) code and
employment. Since these characteristics are highly cor­
related with an establishment’s number and rate of
recorded injuries and illnesses, stratified sampling pro­
vides greater precision and, thus, results in a smaller
sample size. The Neyman allocation produces the
minimum sample size which will provide an estimate
with a given sampling variance. For the larger employ­
ment size classes, the allocation procedure places all of
the etablishments of the frame in the sample; as employ­
ment decreases, smaller and smaller proportions of
establishments are included in the sample. The certainty
strata are usually the size groups with more than 100
employees. The precision of the sample is further im­
proved, hence permitting a reduction in sample size, by
using the ratio estimator which in turn uses employment
data that are correlated with the characteristics which
are to be measured.
The sample is designed to produce data at the 2-digit
sic industry level in agriculture, forestry, and fishing;
the 3-digit level in oil and gas extraction; construction;
transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; services; and
the 4-digit level in manufacturing.

The occupational injury and illness data reported
through the annual survey are based on records which
employers in the following industries maintain under
the Occupational Safety and Health Act: Agriculture,
forestry, and fishing, sic 01-09; oil and gas extraction,
sic, 13; construction, sic 15-17; manufacturing, sic
20-39; transportation and public utilities, sic 41-42 and
44-49; wholesale and retail trade, sic 50-59; finance, in­
surance, and real estate, sic 60-67; and services sic
70-87 and 89. Excluded from the survey are selfemployed individuals; farmers with fewer than 11
employees; employers regulated by other Federal safety
and health laws; and Federal, State, and local govern­
ment agencies.
Data conforming to definitions of recordable occupa­
tional injuries and illnesses for coal, metal, and
nonmetal mining, and railroad transportation are pro­
vided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration,
Department of Labor, and the Federal Railroad Ad­
ministration, Department of Transportation.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
is responsible for the collection and compilation of com­
parable data for Federal agencies. Although State and
local government agencies are not surveyed for national
estimates, several States have legislation which enables
them to collect data for this sector.
The 1984 survey sample was composed of approx­
imately 280,000 sample units. Original and follow-up
mailings resulted in a response rate of 94 percent.

Estimating procedures
W eighting. By means of a weighting procedure, sample
units are made to represent all units in their size class for
a particular industry. The weight is determined by the in­
verse of the sampling ratio for the industry/employmentsize class from which the unit was selected. Because a
small proportion of survey forms are not returned,
weights of responding employers in a sampling cell are
adjusted to account for the nonrespondents. The
respondents are then shifted into the estimating cell
determined by the employment and business activity
reported. Data for each unit are multiplied by the ap­
propriate weight and nonresponse adjustment factor.
The products are then aggregated to obtain a total for
the estimating cell.

Sample

Because the survey is a Federal-State cooperative pro­
gram and the data must meet the needs of participating
State agencies, an independent sample is selected for
each State. The sample is selected to represent all private
industries in the States and territories. The sample size
for the survey is dependent upon (1) the characteristics
for which estimates are needed, (2) the industries for
which estimates are desired, (3) the characteristics of
the population being sampled, (4) the target reliability
of the estimates, and (5) the survey design employed.
While there are many characteristics upon which the
sample design could be based, the total recorded case in­
cidence rate is used because it is one of the most impor­
tant characteristics and the least variable; therefore, it
requires the smallest sample size.
The salient features of the sample design employed
are its use of stratified random sampling with a




Since the universe file which provides
the sample frame is not current to the reference year of
the survey, it is necessary to adjust the data to reflect
current employment levels. In the annual survey, all
estimates of totals are adjusted by the benchmark factor
B enchm arking.

51

at the estimating cell level. The benchmarking pro­
cedure requires a source of accurate employment data
which can be converted into annual average employ­
ment figures for the cell level in which separate
estimates are desired. Because industry/employment
size data are required for national estimates, benchmark
factors are calculated using both industry level employ­
ment data and size class level employment data. The
benchmark factors are applied to the size class “ blow
up” estimates.

sampling error of 2 percent. The chances are 2 out of 3
that a complete census would produce a rate between
15.7 and 15.1, and the chances are 19 out of 20 that the
rate produced from a complete count would be between
16.2 and 14.8. Similarly, the number of occupational in­
juries and illnesses estimated for Sic 15 was 150,780
with a relative error of 2 percent. Thus, the chances are
2 out of 3 that a census would show a number between
153,800 and 147,800 and 19 out of 20 that the number
would be within range of 156,800 and 144,700.
Nonsampling errors in the estimates can be attributed
to many sources, e.g., inability to obtain information
about all cases in the sample, mistakes in recording or
coding the data, definitional difficulties, etc. To
minimize the nonsampling errors in the estimates, the
completed forms are edited and apparent inconsisten­
cies are checked.

Federal-State cooperation

To eliminate duplicate reporting by respondents and
to insure maximum comparability of estimates, survey
respondents complete a single reporting form which is
then used for national and State estimates.
Industrial classification

Publication guidelines

Reporting units are classified into industries by their
principal product or activity. The data are tabulated ac­
cording to the 1972 edition of the S ta n d a rd In d u stria l

The estimating procedure generates occupational in­
jury and illness estimates for approximately 835 sic
codes. This publication, however, excludes estimates for
several industry codes if one of the following situations
occurred:
1. Estimates for the industry were based on reports
from fewer than three companies. Moreover, if three or
more companies reported data for the industry, one
firm could employ not more than 50 percent of the
workers or two companies combined could employ not
more than 75 percent.
2. 1984 annual average employment for the in­
dustry was less than 10,000. However, an industry with
an annual average employment of less than 10,000 was
published if the majority of the employment was
reported in the survey.
3. The relative standard error on total cases for the
industry at 1 standard error was more than 15 percent in
manufacturing and 20 percent in nonmanufacturing.
4. Benchmark factor for the industry was less than
0.90 or greater than 1.49.
Data for an unpublished industry were included in the
total for the broader industry level of which it is a part.
Also, selected items of data were suppressed for
publishable industries if the sampling error for the
estimate equaled or exceeded 60 percent.

C lassification M an u al, 1977 S u p p lem en t.

Reliability of estimates

All estimates derived from a sample survey are sub­
ject to sampling and nonsampling errors. Sampling er­
rors occur because observations are made on a sample,
not on the entire population. Estimates based on the dif­
ferent possible samples of the same size and sample
design could differ. The relative standard errors, which
are a measure of the sampling error in the estimates, are
calculated as part of the survey’s estimation process.
When applied to the estimates, the sampling error
serves to define the confidence interval or range that
would include the comparable complete coverage value.
The chances are about 2 out of 3 that the estimate would
have been produced in the range of 1 standard error
above to 1 standard error below the estimated value,
and about 19 out of 20 that the estimate would have
been in the range of 2 standard errors above and below
the estimated value.
As an example of the use of relative standard errors,
the total case incidence rate for general building con­
tractors (Sic 15) is 15.4 per 100 full-time workers, with a




52

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

4
5
13
17

3
3
7
11

3
3
8
13

3
8
17

4
6
13
18

4

4

3

3

4

4

4

4
12
13
4

4
10
7
4

5
23
18
5

3
9
8
4

4
12
13
4

4
10
8
4

5
23
18
5

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3
3
7
11

3
3
8
13

3
4
7
17

3

3

3
9
7

(3
)

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing ..............................
01-02
0700
0800
0900

M ining........................................................................
Oil and gas extraction ............................................
Crude petroleum and natural gas .......................
Natural gas liquids................................................
Oil and gas field services....................................

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

1

Private se c to r....................................................

Agricultural production............................................
Agricultural services................................................
Forestry....................................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping................................

Lost
workday
cases

1300
1310
1320
1380

Construction...............................................................

(3
)

4

General building contractors..................................
Residential building construction.........................
Operative builders................................................
Nonresidential building construction...................

1500
1520
1530
1540

2
3
5
2

2
3
6
3

2
4
6
3

3
6
9
5

2
3
5
2

2
3
6
3

2
4
6
3

3
6
9
5

Heavy construction contractors.............................
Highway and street construction.........................
Heavy construction, except highway..................

1600
1610
1620

2
3
3

3
3
4

3
4
4

4
5
6

2
3
3

3
3
4

3
4
4

4
5
6

Special trade contractors.......................................
Plumbing, heating, air conditioning .....................
Painting, paper hanging, decorating ...................
Electrical work......................................................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering...................
Carpentering and flooring....................................
Roofing and sheet metal w o rk ............................
Concrete w ork......................................................
Water well drilling.................................................
Miscellaneous special trade
contractors........................................................

1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780

1
2
5
2
3
5
3
5
6

1
3
6
3
4
6
4
6
7

1
2
7
3
4
7
4
6
9

2
5
9
6
6
9
5
8
13

1
2
5
2
3
5
3
5
6

1
3
6
3
4

1
2
7
3
4

6
4
6
7

4
6
9

2
5
10
6
6
9
5
8
13

1790

3

3

4

6

3

4

4

6

Manufacturing............................................................

(3
)

(3
)

Durable goods..........................................................

(3
)

(3
)

1

(3
)

(3
)

1

1

(3
)

(3
)

(3
)

7

1

(3
)
1

1

Lumber and wood products...................................
Logging camps and logging
contractors ........................................................

2400

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

2410

4

4

5

6

4

4

5

6

Sawmills and planing m ills ..................................
Sawmills and planing mills,
general ............................................................
Hardwood dimension and flooring....................

2420

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

4

2421
2426

2
3

3
4

3
3

4
6

2
3

3
4

3
3

4
6

Millwork, plywood and structural
members.............................................................
Millwork..............................................................
Wood kitchen cabinets .....................................
Hardwood veneer and plywood........................
Softwood veneer and plywood .........................
Structural wood memebers, n.e.c.....................

2430
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

2
3
3
3
3
5

2
3
3
3
3
6

2
3

2
3
3
3
3
5

2
3
3
3
3
6

2
3
4
3
5
7

2
3

3
5
7

2
3
7
3
3
7

Wood containers ..................................................
Nailed wood boxes and sh o o k.........................
Wood pallets and s k id s ....................................
Wood containers, n .e .c.....................................

2440
2441
2448
2449

3
5
4
4

3
5
5
5

4
6
5
6

6
5
7
11

3
5
4
4

3
5
5
5

4
6
5
6

6
5
7
11

Wood buildings and mobile homes.....................
Mobile homes.....................................................

2450
2451

2
3

2
3

3
3

4
3

2
3

2
3

3
3

4

See footnotes at end of table.




53

4

7

3
3
7

3

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Prefabricated wood buildings............................

2452

3

4

4

10

3

4

4

10

Miscellaneous wood products .............................
Wood preserving................................................
Particleboard .....................................................
Wood products, n.e .c........................................

2490
2491
2492
2499

3
4
5
4

3
4

4

4

3
5

6

4

3
3
5

6

4

5

5
8
5
7

4

4

4
4
5
5

5
8
5
7

Furniture and fixtures..............................................

2500

1

2

1

3

1

2

1

3

Household furniture..............................................
Wood household furniture................................
Upholstered household furniture ......................
Metal household furniture.................................
Mattresses and bedsprings..............................
Wood TV and radio cabinets............................
Household furniture, n.e.c ................................

2510
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

2
3
3
3
4

2
4
4
3

2
3
3
3
4

7
18

6

6

13

14

9

13

7
18

2
3
4
5
5
7
14

4
8
7

6

4
8
7
4
6
5

2
4
4
3

6

2
3
4
5
5

Office furniture.....................................................
Wood office furniture.........................................
Metal office furniture.........................................

2520
2521
2522

3
5
4

3

4

4

6

6

4

5

3
5
4

4

6

4
8
4

4

6

5

5

9
5

Public building and related
furniture..............................................................

2530

4

6

4

7

4

6

4

8

Partitions and fixtures..........................................
Wood partitions and fixtures.............................
Metal partitions and fixtures..............................

2540
2541
2542

3
4
5

5

3
4
5

5
7

4
5
5

6

9
7

6

7

4
5
5

6

6

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures...................
Drapery hardware and blinds
and shades ......................................................
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c..............................

2590

4

5

5

6

4

4

5

6

2591
2599

5

4
8

7
7

6
10

5
6

4
8

7
7

7

6

Stone, clay, and glass products.............................

3200

1

1

2

2

1

1

2

2

Flat g la ss..............................................................

3210

7

7

8

9

7

7

8

9

Glass and glassware, pressed or
b low n...................................................................
Glass containers................................................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c........................

3220
3221
3229

4

3
4
5

5

4
5

4
4

4

6

5

6

6

3
4
5

5

6
8

8

6

Products of purchased glass ...............................
Cement, hydraulic.................................................

3230
3240

5
8

5
10

6

6

6
8

Structural clay products.......................................
Brick and structural clay tile ..............................
Ceramic wall and floor tile ................................
Clay refractories.................................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c ..........................

3250
3251
3253
3255
3259

4
7
5

4
7
3

6

Pottery and related products..............................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures ................................
Vitreous china food utensils..............................
Fine earthenware food utensils........................
Porcelain electrical supplies..............................
Pottery products, n.e.c......................................

3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products.............................................................
Concrete block and brick .................................
Concrete products, n.e.c ..................................
Ready-mixed concrete......................................

4
6

5
6

5
10

6

4
7
5

4
7
3

3
6

9

3
5
8

6

6

10

9

2
3
1

2
2
1

3
7
2

(3)

(3)

O

5

6

9

6

3

10
10
9
14

6

3
5
8

10

6
9

3
5

2
3
1

2
2
1

3
7
2

(3)
(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

4
6

5
9

9
7

9

6

10
11
9
14
3
5
(3)
(3)

3
8

6

6

7

5
10

4
6

4
9

7
7

5
11

3270
3271
3272
3273

2
4
3
4

3
5
4
5

3
5
4
6

5
10
7
8

2
4
3
4

3
5
4
5

3
5
4
5

5
10
7
8

Cut stone and stone products.............................

3280

5

6

6

8

5

6

6

8

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products ..............................................................

3290

2

3

3

3

2

3

3

3

4

See footnotes at end of table.




54

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Abrasive products..............................................
Asbestos products.............................................
Gaskets, packing and sealing
devices............................................................
Minerals, ground or treated..............................
Mineral w o o l......................................................
Nonclay refractories..........................................
Nonmetallic mineral products,
n.e.c..................................................................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

3291
3292

3
3

4
3

6
5

4
4

3
3

4
3

6
6

5
4

3293
3295
3296
3297

4
5
5
8

4
7
5
12

5
7
7
9

6
15
5
11

4
5
5
8

4
7
5
12

5
7
7
9

6
16
5
11

3299

10

13

13

18

10

13

13

18

Primary metal industries.........................................

3300

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

Blast furnace and basic steel
products..............................................................
Blast furnaces and steel m ills...........................
Electrometallurgical products............................
Steel wire and related products........................
Cold finishing of steel shapes...........................
Steel pipe and tu b es.........................................

3310
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

4
6
3
4
6
4

5
7
4
4
7
4

4
6
3
5
6
5

4
6
4
5
6
4

4
6
3
4
6
4

5
7
4
4
7
4

4
6
4
5
6
5

4
6
4
5
6
5

Iron and steel foundries.......................................
Gray iron foundries............................................
Malleable iron foundries...................................
Steel investment foundries...............................
Steel foundries, n .e .c ........................................

3320
3321
3322
3324
3325

2
3
8
3
4

2
3
12
4
5

3
4
5
3
5

3
4
8
5
6

2
3
8
3
4

2
3
12
4
5

3
4
5
3
5

3
4
8
5
6

Primary nonferrous m etals..................................
Primary copper..................................................
Primary lead.......................................................
Primary z in c .......................................................
Primary aluminum ..............................................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c......................

3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

3
1
(3
)
3
4
4

4
2
(3
)
4
7
6

2
3
(3
)
4
3
3

2
2
(3
)
3
4
4

2
1
(3
)
3
4
4

4
2
(3
)
4
6
6

2
3
(3
)
4
3
3

2
2

Secondary nonferrous m etals.............................

3340

5

8

6

5

5

8

5

5

Nonferrous rolling and drawing ...........................
Copper rolling and drawing ..............................
Aluminum sheet, plate, and f o il........................
Aluminum extruded products ............................
Aluminum rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing,
n.e.c.................................................................
Nonferrous wire drawing and
insulating ..........................................................

3350
3351
3353
3354

2
3
2
5

2
4
3
5

3
5
2
6

3
6
5 ■
5

2
3
2
5

2
4
3
5

3
5
2
6

3
6
5
5

3355

3

2

4

1

3

2

3

1

3356

4

5

6

5

4

5

6

6

3357

3

4

5

5

3

4

5

5

Nonferrous foundries ...........................................
Aluminum foundries...........................................
Brass, bronze, and copper
foundries.........................................................
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c..............................

3360
3361

3
3

3
4

3
4

5
8

3
3

3
4

3
4

5
8

3362
3369

6
5

6
5

8
6

5
6

6
5

7
5

8
7

5
6

Miscellaneous primary metal products...............
Metal heat treating ............................................
Primary metal products, n.e.c ...........................

3390
3398
3399

3
4
3

3
4
5

3
5
4

5
7
6

3
4
3

3
4
5

4
6
4

5
7
6

Fabricated metal products.....................................

3400

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Metal cans and shipping containers...................
Metal c a n s .........................................................
Metal barrels, drums, and p a ils ........................

3410
3411
3412

2
3
4

3
3
6

3
3
5

3
5
4

2
3
4

3
3
6

3
3
5

3
5
4

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware......................
Cutlery................................................................
Hand and edge tools, n e c ................................
Hand saws and saw blades..............................
Hardware, n.e.c..................................................

3420
3421
3423
3425
3429

2
7
5
4
2

2
5
5
4
3

3
9
7
6
3

5
5
15
3
3

2
7
5
4
3

2
6
6
4
3

3
10
6
6
3

5
6
15
3
3

See footnotes at end of table.




55

0
3
4
4

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code ’
Total
cases

Plumbing and heating, except
electric.................................................................
Metal sanitary w a re ...........................................
Plumbing fittings and brass
goods ...............................................................
Heating equipment, except electric..................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

3430
3431

2
5

2
7

3
5

4
5

2
5

3
7

3
5

5
6

3432
3433

4
3

5
5

6
4

6
9

4
3

6
5

6
4

6
9

Fabricated structural metal
products..............................................................
Fabricated structural m etal...............................
Metal doors, sash, and trim ..............................
Fabricated plate work .......................................
Sheet metal w ork...............................................
Architectural metal w o rk ...................................
Prefabricated metal buildings............................
Miscellaneous metal w o rk ................................

3440
•3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

1
3
3
4
2
7
4
5

2
3
3
5
3
7
5
7

2
4
3
6
3
8
5
6

3
4
5
9
4
10
6
7

1
3
3
5
2
5
4
5

2
3
3
5
3
7
5
7

2
4
3
6
3
6
5
6

3
4
5
10
4
10
7
7

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.....................
Screw machine products..................................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers........................

3450
3451
3452

2
3
3

3
4
4

3
4
4

4
7
5

2
3
3

3
4
4

3
4
4

4
7
5

Metal forgings and stampings..............................
Iron and steel forgings......................................
Nonferrous forgings...........................................
Automotive stampings.......................................
Crowns and closures.........................................
Metal stampings, n .e .c......................................

3460
3462
3463
3465
3466
3469

2
4
2
3
7
3

2
5
5
4
9
3

2
5
1
4
7
3

3
6
9
4
12
4

2
4
2
3
7
3

2
5
5
4
9
4

2
5
2
4
7
3

3
6
9
4
12
4

Metal services, n .e .c............................................
Plating and polishing.........................................
Metal coating and allied services.....................

3470
3471
3479

2
3
5

3
4
7

3
3
5

4
5
8

2
3
4

3
4
6

3
4
5

4
5
8

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c........................
Small arms ammunition ....................................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c......................................................
Small arm s.........................................................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c.....................

3480
3482

3
5

2
7

4
6

2
8

3
6

2
8

4
6

2
9

3483
3484
3489

5
3
1

4
2
1

6
4
3

3
3
(3
)

5
3
1

4
2
1

7
5
2

3
3

3490
3493
3494
3495

2
3
4
4

2
3
4
5

3
4
5
5

3
5
5
5

2
3
4
4

2
3
4
5

3
4
5
5

3
5
5
5

3496
3497
3498
3499

3
6
5
6

4
8
6
8

4
9
5
8

5
10
6
12

3
6
4
6

4
8
5
8

4
9
5
8

5
10
6
12

Machinery, except electrical ..................................

3500

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Engines and turbines ...........................................
Turbines and turbine generator
s e ts ..................................................................
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c ..................

3510

3

3

3

5

3

3

4

6

3511
3519

9
3

8
3

10
4

5
6

9
3

8
4

10
4

5
8

Farm and garden machinery...............................
Farm machinery and equipment.......................
Lawn and garden equipment ............................

3520
3523
3524

3
4
4

4
5
4

4
5
6

5
6
10

3
4
4

4
5
4

4
5
6

5
6
11

Construction and related machinery...................
Construction machinery ....................................
Mining machinery...............................................
Oil field machinery.............................................
Elevators and moving stairways.......................
Conveyors and conveying equipment..............

3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535

3
5
5
6
4
12

4
5
9
6
4
13

4
6
6
7
4
14

5
6
12
7
7
17

3
5
5
6
4
12

4
6
9
6
3
13

4
6
6
7
5
15

5
6
12
7
7
17

Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products ..............................................................
Steel springs, except wire ................................
Valves and pipe fittings.....................................
Wire springs.......................................................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire
products ..........................................................
Metal foil and le a f..............................................
Fabricated pipe and fittings..............................
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c......................

See footnotes at end of table.




56

O

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

9

8

7

8

9

8

2

2

4

2

4
6

7
7

4
5

3
5
6

2

5
6

4

4
7

6

7

3
5
3
4
4

4
6
3
7
4

4
5

7
11
5
8
5

3
5
3
4
4

4

4

6
3
6

5
4
5
6

7
11
5
8
5

2

3
6
8
6
5
7
6

3
7
5
6

4

2

7

5
5
5
4
7
5

3
6
8
7
5
7
6

3
7
6
6
4
6

7
15
8
6
9
7

2

2

2

3

2

6
6
6
7
14
6
6

6
3
13
6
5
3
5

6

8

4

10
9
7

5
15
7
5

6

6

5

5

4
9
5

4
11
5

3576
3579

3
5

3580
3581
3582

3

Hoists, cranes, and monorails ..........................

3536

7

7

Metalworking machinery......................................
Machine tools, metal cutting types ..................
Machine tools, metal forming typ e s.................
Special dies, tools, jigs and
fixtures.............................................................
Machine tool accessories.................................
Power driven hand to o ls ...................................
Rolling mill machinery.......................................
Metalworking machinery, n.e.c..........................

3540
3541
3542

2

4
5

3544
3545
3546
3547
3549

Special industry machinery .................................
Food products machinery.................................
Textile machinery...............................................
Woodworking machinery...................................
Paper industries machinery..............................
Printing trades machinery.................................
Special industry machinery, n.e.c.....................

3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

5
5
5
4
7
5

General industrial machinery ...............................
Pumps and pumping equipment.......................
Ball and roller bearings.....................................
Air and gas compressors..................................
Blowers and fa n s ...............................................
Industrial patterns..............................................
Speed changers, drives, and gears .................
Industrial furnaces and ovens...........................
Power transmission equipment,
n.e.c.................................................................
General industrial machinery,
n.e.c.................................................................

3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567

2

2

6
3
13
6
5
3
5

6
4
10
9
7
4
5

3
7
4
15
7
5
4
6

3568

5

6

3569

5

Office and computing machines..........................
Typewriters........................................................
Electronic computing equipment......................
Scales and balances, except
laboratory........................................................
Office machines, n .e .c ......................................

3570
3572
3573

Refrigeration and service machinery..................
Automatic merchandising machines.................
Commercial laundry equipment ........................
Refrigeration and heating
equipment.......................................................

4

6
5

4

8
6

15
8

6
9

7

4

8

4

4

4

5

6

6
5
7
7
14
6
7

5

6

6

6

6

5

6

5

6

6
11
7

5
10
6

4
9
5

4
11
5

5
11

5
11
6

3
6

3
6

3
7

3
5

3
6

3
6

2

4
4
4

3
3
3

3
5

3

2

4

4
4
4

3

2
2

3

4
5
3

3585
3586
3589

4
1
6

4
2
11

4
1
7

3
8

4
1
6

2

4
1

5
3

11

7

8

3590

3

4

3

5

3

4

3

6

3592

3

4

3

5

3

3

4

4

3599

3

4

4

6

3

4

4

6

Electric and electronic equipment..........................

3600

1

1

2

2

1

1

2

2

Electric distributing equipment.............................
Transformers.....................................................
Switchgear and switchboard
apparatus........................................................

3610
3612

4
6

5
7

5
7

6
8

4
6

5
8

5
7

6
9

3613

6

7

7

8

6

7

7

8

Electrical industrial apparatus..............................
Motors and generators .....................................
Industrial controls..............................................
Welding apparatus, electric..............................
Carbon and graphite products..........................

3620
3621
3622
3623
3624

3
5
5
3
6

3
5
5
3
7

4
6
6
4
8

4
8

3
5
5
3
6

3
5
5
3

4
6
6
4
8

4
8

Measuring and dispensing pumps.....................

Service industry machinery, n.e.c.....................
Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical..............................................................
Carburetors, pistons, rings,
valves..............................................................
Machinery, except electrical,
n.e.c.................................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




57

4

8
2
8

2
2

5

8

7

7

7
3
9

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)

2

Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Electrical industrial apparatus,
n.e.c.................................................................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

3629

9

13

9

20

9

13

10

20

Household appliances..........................................
Household cooking equipment .........................
Household refrigerators and
freezers...........................................................
Household laundry equipment..........................
Electric housewares and fa n s...........................
Household vacuum cleaners.............................
Sewing machines...............................................
Household appliances, n .e .c.............................

3630
3631

2
3

2
3

2
3

1
3

2
3

2
3

2
4

2
3

3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3639

2
3
6
1
11
4

4
1
8
1
15
4

1
4
6
1
13
4

3
2
5
2
11
4

2
3
7
1
12
4

5
1
9
2
15
4

2
4
6
1
13
4

4
2
5
4
11
5

Electric lighting and wiring
equipment...........................................................
Electric lam ps.....................................................
Current-carrying wiring devices.........................
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices..................
Residential lighting fixtures................................
Commercial lighting fixtures ..............................
Vehicular lighting equipment.............................
Lighting equipment, n.e.c..................................

3640
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648

2
7
4
6
7
3
3
7

2
8
4
7
8
3
3
7

3
8
5
6
9
3
4
9

3
7
5
11
10
5
3
14

2
7
4
6
7
3
3
7

2
7
4
7
8
3
3
8

3
8
5
6
9
3
4
9

3
7
5
13
10
5
3
17

Radio and TV receiving equipment.....................
Radio and TV receiving s e ts.............................
Phonograph records..........................................

3650
3651
3652

6
7
9

8
11
8

7
9
12

8
10
7

6
7
10

9
11
8

7
9
12

8
11
7

Communication equipment..................................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus................
Radio and TV communication
equipment........................................................

3660
3661

4
4

4
5

5
5

4
4

4
5

4
6

5
5

4
5

3662

5

5

6

6

5

5

6

6

3670

3

3

4

4

3

3

4

4

3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

1
3
6
6
5
5
4

(3
)
6
7
8
4
5
5

2
4
7
6
7
6
5

5
7
13
8
9
7

1
3
6
5
5
5
4

(3
)
6
7
7
4
5
5

2
4
8
6
8
5
5

(3
)
6
7
11
8
8
7

3690
3691
3692
3693
3694

3
4
8
4
5

3
4
8
5
6

4
6
10
6
7

4
8
7
9
6

3
4
8
4
6

3
4
7
5
6

4
6
10
6
7

4
8
7
9
7

3699

6

7

8

9

6

7

8

11

Transportation equipment......................................

3700

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Motor vehicles and equipment............................
Motor vehicles and car bodies .........................
Truck and bus bodies .......................................
Motor vehicle parts and
accessories.....................................................
Truck trailers......................................................
Self-contained motor hom es.............................

3710
3711
3713

2
3
4

2
3
4

2
4
4

3
5
5

2
3
4

2
3
4

2
4
4

3
5
5

3714
3715
3716

3
4
3

4
4
3

4
6
4

5
7
5

3
4
3

4
4
3

4
6
4

6
7
5

Aircraft and parts..................................................
Aircraft................................................................
Aircraft engines and engine p a rts ....................
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c....................................

3720
3721
3724
3728

2
3
4
4

2
3
4
4

3
3
7
4

3
3
4
7

2
2
4
4

2
3
5
4

3
3
7
5

3
3
4
7

Ship and boat building and repairing..................

3730

2

2

3

3

2

2

3

3

Electronic components and
accessories.........................................................
Cathode ray television picture
tubes................................................................
Electron tubes, transmitting...............................
Semiconductors and related devices...............
Electronic capacitors.........................................
Electronic resistors............................................
Electronic coils and transformers.....................
Electronic components, n.e.c............................
Miscellaneous electrical equipment
and supplies .......................................................
Storage batteries ..................................... .........
Primary batteries, dry and w e t..........................
X-ray apparatus and tu b e s................................
Engine electrical equipment..............................
Electrical equipment and supplies,
n.e.c.................................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




58

0

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Ship building and repairing...............................
Boat building and repairing...............................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

3731
3732

2
3

3
4

3
4

3
7

2
4

3
4

3
4

4
7

Railroad equipment............................................

3740

5

6

6

7

5

6

6

8

Motorcycles, bicycles, and p a rts.........................

3750

9

9

14

9

9

9

15

10

Guided missiles, space vehicles,
parts...............................................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles................
Space propulsion units and parts.....................
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c........................

3760
3761
3764
3769

1
1
1
5

1
1
3
6

1
1
2
5

1
1
5
6

1
1
1
5

1
1
2
6

1
1
2
6

1
1
4
6

Miscellaneous transportation
equipment ...........................................................
Travel trailers and campers .............................
Transportation equipment, n .e .c.......................

3790
3792
3799

3
4
4

3
5
4

3
5
6

4
7
6

3
4
4

3
5
4

3
5
6

4
7
6

Instruments and related products..........................

3800

2

2

3

3

2

2

3

3

Engineering and scientific
instruments........................................................

3810

7

7

8

9

7

7

8

9

Measuring and controlling devices......................
Environmental controls.....................................
Process control instruments..............................
Fluid meters and counting devices..................
Instruments to measure electricity...................
Measuring and controlling devices,
n.e.c.................................................................

3820
3822
3823
3824
3825

4
4
12
6
5

4
5
12
7
5

5
5
13
8
7

5
4
13
7
11

4
4
12
6
5

4
5
12
7
6

5
5
13
8
8

6
5
14
7
12

3829

7

10

8

15

6

10

7

16

Optical instruments and lenses...........................

3830

9

9

13

9

9

9

13

9

Medical instruments and supplies.......................
Surgical and medical instruments.....................
Surgical appliances and supplies.....................
Dental equipment and supplies........................

3840
3841
3842
3843

4
8
5
9

6
14
5
10

5
10
6
11

5
10
6
13

4
8
5
9

5
11
5
10

5
10
6
11

5
11
6
14

Ophthalmic goods ................................................

3850

6

7

7

9

7

8

9

11

Photographic equipment and supplies................
Watches, clocks, and watchcases......................

3860
3870

5
9

5
10

6
10

7
7

5
10

5
10

6
11

7
7

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries................

3900

2

2

3

3

2

2

2

3

Jewelry, silverware, and plated w are..................
Jewelry, precious metal ....................................
Silverware and plated w are...............................
Jewelers’ materials and lapidary
w o rk .................................................................

3910
3911
3914

4
6
4

5
11
4

5
6
6

8
12
5

4
6
4

5
11
4

5
6
6

9
12
5

3915

14

18

14

39

14

18

14

40

Musical instruments..............................................

3930

7

5

10

7

7

5

10

7

Toys and sporting goods.....................................
Games, toys, and children’s
vehicles..........................................................
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c....................

3940

4

3

6

6

4

4

5

6

3944
3949

5
6

4
5

7
8

5
11

5
6

4
5

7
7

5
12

Pens, pencils, office and art
supplies...............................................................
Pens and mechanical pencils...........................
Lead pencils and art goods ..............................
Marking devices.................................................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons......................

3950
3951
3952
3953
3955

3
4
8
7
5

3
4
7
10
5

4
5
11
8
7

8
7
20
7
14

3
4
8
7
6

3
5
7
10
6

4
6
11
8
8

9
8
21
7
15

Costume jewelry and notions ..............................
Costume jewelry ................................................
Artificial flowers..................................................

3960
3961
3962

4
9
7

4
8
7

6
13
9

9
11
7

4
8
7

4
9
7

5
12
9

9
11
7

See footnotes at end of table.




59

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
e'

Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Buttons...............................................................

3963

8

12

9

14

8

12

9

14

Miscellaneous manufactures................................
Brooms and brushes.........................................
Signs and advertising displays..........................
Burial caskets....................................................
Hard surface floor coverings.............................
Manufacturing industries, n .e .c.........................

3990
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

3
3
4
5
1
6

3
4
5
7
1
7

3
4
6
6
1
7

5
4
9
10
2
9

3
3
5
5
1
6

3
4
5
7
2
7

4
4
6
6
1
7

5
4
9
11
2
9

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Nondurable g o o ds....................................................

'

Food and kindred products....................................

2000

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Meat products......................................................
Meat packing plants..........................................
Sausages and other prepared meats ..............
Poultry dressing plants......................................
Poultry and egg processing..............................

2010
2011
2013
2016
2017

1
2
3
3
3

2
2
3
3
4

2
2
4
3
4

2
2
4
4
4

1
2
3
3
3

2
3
3
3
4

2
2
3
3
4

2
3
4
4
5

Dairy products......................................................
Creamery bu tter.................................................
Cheese, natural and processed........................
Condensed and evaporated m ilk......................
Ice cream and frozen desserts.........................
Fluid m ilk............................................................

2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2026

2
7
4
4
4
3

2
8
5
3
4
4

3
10
4
5
5
5

3
10
5
6
7
5

2
7
4
4
4
3

2
8
5
4
4
4

3
10
5
5
5
5

3
11
5
6
7
5

Preserved fruits and vegetables..........................
Canned specialties............................................
Canned fruits and vegetables...........................
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables,
soups ...............................................................
Pickles, sauces, and salad
dressing...........................................................
Frozen fruits and vegetables ............................
Frozen specialties..............................................

2030
2032
2033

2
7
4

3
8
5

3
7
6

3
8
6

2
7
4

3
9
5

3
8
6

3
9
7

2034

6

5

9

10

5

5

9

11

2035
2037
2038

5
5
4

5
5
5

6
6
5

15
5
4

5
5
4

5
6
5

6
6
5

15
5
4

Grain mill products...............................................
Flour and other grain mill
products..........................................................
Cereal breakfast foods......................................
Rice milling ........................................................
Blended and prepared flo u r..............................
Wet corn m illing.................................................
Dog, cat, and other pet food ............................
Prepared feeds, n.e.c........................................

2040

2

3

3

5

2

3

3

5

2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

4
3
3
5
2
4
6

5
4
5
5
3
4
8

5
4
4
8
3
6
6

8
4
4
6
3
5
13

4
3
3
5
2
4
6

5
4
5
5
3
4
8

5
4
4
8
3
6
6

8
4
4
6
3
5
13

Bakery products....................................................
Bread, cake, and related products...................
Cookies and crackers .......................................

2050
2051
2052

3
3
4

3
4
4

4
4
4

4
5
5

3
3
4

3
4
5

4
5
4

4
5
5

Sugar and confectionery products......................
Raw cane sugar.................................................
Cane sugar refining ...........................................
Beet sugar.........................................................
Confectionery products.....................................
Chocolate and cocoa products.........................
Chewing gum .....................................................

2060
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

2
4
1
5
4
6
4

2
6
1
4
4
6
4

3
4
1
9
5
6
6

3
6
2
4
5
12
5

2
4
1
5
4
6
4

3
5
1
4
4
6
4

3
4
1
9
5
6
6

3
6
2
4
5
13
5

Fats and oils ........................................................
Cottonseed oil m ills...........................................
Soybean oil m ills................................................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c...................................
Animal and marine fats and o ils .......................
Shortening and cooking o ils ..............................

2070
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

3
11
8
4
4
5

3
13
9
4
4
6

4
14
11
4
6
6

5
14
21
11
6
7

3
11
8
4
4
5

3
13
9
4
4
6

4
14
11
4
6
6

5
14
21
11
7
7

Beverages.............................................................
Malt beverages ..................................................
M alt.....................................................................

2080
2082
2083

1
2
2

2
3
2

2
3
3

3
3
2

1
2
2

2
3
2

2
3
3

3
3
2

See footnotes at end of table.




60

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits....................
Distilled liquor, except brandy...........................
Bottled and canned soft drinks ........................
Flavoring extracts and sirups,
n.e.c.................................................................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

2084
2085
2086

6
4
2

7
5
2

8
5
3

5
5
3

5
4
2

8
5
2

7
5
3

6
5
3

2087

9

11

12

20

9

11

12

20

Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products..............................................................
Fresh or frozen packaged fis h ..........................
Roasted coffee .................................................
Macaroni and spaghetti....................................
Food preparations, n.e.c...................................

2090
2092
2095
2098
2099

3
5
4
3
5

4

6
7
5
8
9

3
5
4
3
5

4
6
4
3
6

4
6
5
4
6

6

6

4
6
5
4
6

7
5
8
10

Tobacco manufactures...........................................

2100

3

2

4

2

3

2

4

2

Cigarettes .............................................................
Cigars....................................................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco...........................
Tobacco stemming and redrying.........................

2110
2120
2130
2140

4
5
5
5

2
5
5
4

6
7
6
6

2
5
7
4

4
5
5
5

2
5
5
4

5
8
6
6

2
5
7
4

Textile mill products................................................

2200

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

Weaving mills, cotton...........................................
Weaving mills, synthetics....................................
Weaving and finishing mills, w o o l.......................
Narrow fabric mills................................................

2210
2220
2230
2240

5
5
3
3

6

5
6

5
4

14
9
4
10

5
5
3
3

6

8
3
5

8
3
5

5
6
5
4

14
9
4
10

Knitting m ills.........................................................
Women’s hoisery, except so cks.......................
Hoisery, n.e.c ....................................................
Knit outerwear m ills...........................................
Knit underwear m ills..........................................
Circular knit fabric m ills.....................................
Warp knit fabric m ills.........................................
Knitting mills, n.e.c ............................................

2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

3
7
4
9
5
10
5
9

4
9
5
9
4
9
8
8

4
8
5
11
7
13
5
11

4
9
7
12
9
15
7
3

3
8
4
9
5
10
5
9

4
11
5
9
5
9
8
8

4
9
5
11
7
13
5
11

5
10
7
12
10
16
8
3

Textile finishing, except w o o l...............................
Finishing plants, cotton.....................................
Finishing plants, synthetics ..............................
Finishing plants, n.e.c .......................................

2260
2261
2262
2269

4
7
5
6

4
7
7
6

5
9
5
8

5
12
8
7

3
7
5
5

4
7
7
6

4
9
5
7

5
12
8
7

Floor covering m ills..............................................
Woven carpets and rugs ..................................
Tufted carpets and ru g s ...................................

2270
2271
2272

7
4
8

10
13

10
3
11

7
5
8

7
4
8

9
6
12

10
4
12

7
5
7

Yarn and thread m ills...........................................
Yarn mills, except w o o l.....................................
Throwing and winding m ills ..............................
Wool yarn mills ................................................
Thread m ills.......................................................

2280
2281
2282
2283
2284

3
3
7
4
3

4
5
10
5
2

3
4
7
5
3

6
6

4
5
10
5
2

3
4
7
5
3

6
6

21
4
4

3
3
7
5
3

21
4
4

Miscellaneous textile goods................................
Felt goods, except woven felts and
h a ts ..................................................................
Lace goods........................................................
Paddings and upholstery fillin g .........................
Processed textile w aste....................................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized..........................
Tire cord and fabric...........................................
Nonwoven fabrics..............................................
Cordage and tw in e ............................................
Textile goods, n .e .c...........................................

2290

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

2

2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299

4
8
2
5
4
(3
)
3
5
7

6
6

6

3
6
4
(3
)
5

4
9
2
4
5

4
6
2
4
4

6
6
3
6
4

4
7
2
4
5

5
2
7
7

Apparel and other textile products........................

2300

Men’s and boys’ suits and c o a ts ........................
Men’s and boys' furnishings...............................
See footnotes at end of table.




6

4
3

6

ft

5
1
9
7

ft

ft

9

3
5
7

5
8
7

2
5
7

1

2

2

3

2310

4

5

6

2320

2

2

3

6

ft

ft
5

6

ft

9

3
5
7

5
8
7

1

2

2

3

7

4

5

6

7

3

2

3

3

3

6

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
*
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code '
Total
cases

Men’s and boys’ shirts and
nightwear ........................................................
Men’s and boys’ underwear..............................
Men’s and boys’ neckwear ..............................
Men’s and boys’ separate trousers..................
Men’s and boys’ work clothing.........................
Men’s and boys’ clothing, n.e.c........................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

5
9
7
4
3
4

7
12
10
4
4
6

5
11
9
5
5
6

8
16
28
5
6
9

5
10
7
4
4
5

7
14
10
4
4
6

5
11
9
5
5
6

8
21
29
5
6
9

2330

3

4

4

6

3

4

4

6

2331
2335

7
9

8
10

8
10

12
17

7
9

8
10

8
11

12
17

Women’s and misses’ outerwear........................
Women’s and misses’ blouse and
waists ..............................................................
Women’s and misses’ dresses.........................
Women’s and misses’ suits
and co a ts........................................................
Women’s and misses’ outerwear,
n.e.c.................................................................

2337

8

11

9

13

8

11

9

13

2339

5

6

5

9

5

6

5

9

Women’s and children’s undergarments............
Women’s and children’s underwear.................
Brassieres and allied garm ents........................

2340
2341
2342

5
6
6

5
7
7

6
7
8

8
10
10

4
5
6

5
6
7

6
7
8

8
10
11

Hats, caps, and millinery.....................................
Millinery..............................................................
Hats and caps, except millinery........................

2350
2351
2352

4
6
5

6
13
6

5
6
6

6
26
6

4
6
4

6
13
6

6
6
6

6
26
6

Children’s outerwear............................................
Children’s dresses and blouses........................
Children’s outerwear, nec...................................

2360
2361
2369

7
6
11

7
9
12

9
8
15

11
12
21

7
6
11

7
9
12

9
8
15

11
12
20

Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories .......................................................
Fabric dress and work gloves...........................
Waterproof outergarments.................................
Apparel b e lts .....................................................
Apparel and accessories, nec............................

2380
2381
2385
2387
2389

3
11
4
8
9

4
13
3
12
11

4
13
5
9
11

6
21
6
22
9

3
10
4
8
9

4
10
4
12
11

4
12
4
9
10

6
15
6
23
10

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products ..............................................................
Curtains and draperies......................................
House furnishings, n.e.c ...................................
Textile b a g s.......................................................
Canvas and related products............................
Pleating and stitching........................................
Automotive and apparel trimmings...................
Fabricated textile products, n.e.c .....................

2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2399

3
8
6
11
6
6
7
6

3
8
6
13
7
8
7
8

4
12
7
13
8
8
8
7

9
42
15
19
15
9
7
8

3
8
6
11
6
6
7
6

3
9
7
12
7
8
8
9

4
12
7
13
8
8
8
6

9
43
15
19
15
9
9
9

Paper and allied products......................................

2600

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

Pulp mills ..............................................................
Paper mills, except building paper......................
Paperboard m ills...................................................

2610
2620
2630

2
3
3

2
4
4

3
4
4

2
5
5

2
3
3

2
4
4

3
4
4

2
5
5

Miscellaneous converted paper
products ..............................................................
Paper coating and glazing................................
Envelopes..........................................................
Bags, except textile b a g s .................................
Die-cut paper and board...................................
Pressed and molded pulp goods......................
Sanitary paper products....................................
Stationery products ...........................................
Converted paper products, n .e .c......................

2640
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

2
5
5
5
7
5
6
6
5

3
6
6
6
7
4
5
7
8

3
6
7
5
10
9
9
8
6

4
7
9
8
8
8
6
10
13

2
5
5
5
7
5
7
6
5

3
6
6
6
7
4
6
7
8

3
6
7
5
10
9
10
8
6

4
7
9
8
8
8
6
10
14

Paperboard containers and boxes............. ........
Folding paperboard boxes................................
Set-up paperboard boxes.................................
Corrugated and solid fiber bo xe s.....................
Sanitary food containers...................................

2650
2651
2652
2653
2654

2
3
5
3
9

3
5
5
4
12

3
4
6
4
10

3
7
9
5
12

2
3
5
3
9

3
5
5
4
12

3
4
6
4
10

4
8
9
5
12

See footnotes at end of table.




62

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code '
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products..........................................................

2655

6

7

7

8

7

7

7

8

Building paper and board m ills............................

2660

5

5

6

7

5

5

6

7

Printing and publishing...........................................

2700

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

Newspapers .........................................................
Periodicals............................................................

2710
2720

3
8

3
7

5
12

4
6

3
9

3
7

5
12

4
7

Books ....................................................................
Book publishing..................................................

2730
2731

4
6

5
6

4
7

5
6

4
6

5
6

4
7

5
7

Miscellaneous publishing.....................................

2740

11

15

12

27

12

16

13

31

Commercial printing .............................................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......................
Commercial printing, lithographic .....................
Engraving and plate printing.............................
Commercial printing, gravure............................

2750
2751
2752
2753
2754

3
5
4
5
6

3
6
5
9
6

3
6
4
5
8

6
8
8
11
8

3
5
4
5
6

4
6
5
9
6

3
6
4
5
8

6
7
9
11
8

Manifold business form s......................................

2760

5

6

6

9

5

6

6

9

Greeting card publishing......................................

2770

5

10

6

9

6

10

6

10

Blankbooks and bookbinding...............................
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders...................
Bookbinding and related w o rk ..........................

2780
2782
2789

3
4
6

4
5
7

5
6
8

7
9
11

3
4
6

4
5
7

5
6
8

7
9
11

Printing trade services.........................................
Typesetting........................................................

2790
2791

5
9

8
12

6
12

10
18

5
9

8
12

6
13

11
18

Chemicals and allied products...............................

2800

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

Industrial inorganic chemicals..............................
Alkalies and chlorine.........................................
Industrial gases..................................................
Inorganic pigments............................................

2810
2812
2813
2816

13
6
11
5

15
7
14
9

13
7
12
6

19
4
36
9

13
6
11
5

15
7
15
9

13
7
12
6

19
4
30
9

Plastics materials and synthetics........................
Plastics materials and resins ............................
Synthetic rubber.................................................
Cellulosic man-made fib e rs ..............................
Organic fibers, noncellulosic.............................

2820
2821
2822
2823
2824

5
7
4
5
11

7
9
5
6
19

5
8
4
5
10

6
8
7
8
19

5
7
4
5
11

7
10
5
6
18

5
8
4
5
11

6
9
7
8
20

Drugs.....................................................................
Biological products............................................
Medicinals and botanicals................................
Pharmaceutical preparations.............................

2830
2831
2833
2834

5
6
5
6

5
7
7
6

6
9
7
8

8
8
6
9

5
7
5
6

5
7
6
6

6
9
7
7

8
7
6
10

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods ........................
Soap and other detergents...............................
Polishes and sanitation goods..........................
Surface active agents .......................................
Toilet preparations.............................................

2840
2841
2842
2843
2844

3
5
8
7
5

4
5
10
8
5

4
7
10
8
6

8
6
26
18
9

3
6
8
6
5

4
5
10
8
5

4
8
11
8
6

8
6
28
18
9

Paints and allied products...................................

2850

5

5

6

7

5

5

6

6

Industrial organic chemicals................................
Gum and wood chemicals................................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates.......................
Industrial organic chemicals,
n.e.c.................................................................

2860
2861
2865

5
7
9

7
10
10

5
6
11

8
8
18

5
7
10

7
10
10

6
6
12

8
8
18

2869

6

9

7

9

7

9

7

9

Agricultural chemicals..........................................
Phosphatic fertilizers .........................................
Fertilizers, mixing o n ly.......................................

2870
2874
2875

8
4
6

8
4
7

11
6
7

10
5
10

8
4
6

8
4
7

11
6
7

10
5
10

See footnotes at end of table.




63

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

4
8
18
7
7
7

4
7
13
7
6
7

6
12
15
10
10
9

4

4

5

4

7

6

6

7

7

6
9
9

6
9
7

6
7
8

7
8
10

6
9
9

6
9
7

5
5
3

5
5
7

5
5
3

4
5
5

5
5
3

5
5
7

5
5
3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

3010
3020
3030

3
6
2

3
6
3

6
7
2

3
7
1

3
5
2

3
6
3

6
7
2

3
7
1

3040
3060
3070

5
3
2

3
3
3

8
3
3

4
3
3

6
3
2

4
3
3

9
3
3

4
3
3

Leather and leather products................................

3100

2

2

2

4

2

2

3

4

Leather tanning and finishing ..............................
Boot and shoe cut stock and
findings...............................................................

3110

4

4

5

8

4

4

5

7

3130

6

6

8

8

7

7

8

9

Footwear, except rubber.....................................
House slippers ...................................................
Men’s footwear, except athletic........................
Women’s footwear, except athletic..................
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........................

3140
3142
3143
3144
3149

3
5
4
5
7

3
6
4
5
7

4
4
6
6
9

5
5
9
10
11

3
6
4
5
8

3
7
4
5
7

4
5
6
6
9

6
5
11
8
16

Leather gloves and mittens ................................
Luggage ................................................................

3150
3160

9
6

9
6

10
8

10
8

9
6

9
6

10
8

10
8

Handbags and personal leather go o ds..............
Women’s handbags and purses.......................
Personal leather goods, n.e.c...........................

3170
3171
3172

5
6
9

7
11
9

7
7
12

9
20
6

6
6
9

7
11
9

7
8
12

10
21
6

Leather goods, nec...............................................

3190

6

9

7

12

6

9

7

12

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Miscellaneous chemical products .......................
Adhesives and sealants....................................
Explosives..........................................................
Printing in k .........................................................
Carbon b la c k ......................................................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c.............................

2890
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

3
6
12
6
5
6

4
8
17
7
7
7

4
7
14
7
6
7

6
12
13
10
10
9

3
7
11
6
6
6

Petroleum and coal products ................................

2900

4

4

4

4

Petroleum refining ................................................

2910

6

6

7

Paving and roofing materials...............................
Paving mixtures and blocks ..............................
Asphalt felts and coatings................................

2950
2951
2952

6
7
9

7
8
11

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.............................................................
Lubricating oils and greases.............................
Petroleum and coal products, n .e .c .................

2990
2992
2999

4
4
4

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products................................................................

3000

Tires and inner tubes...........................................
Rubber and plastics footwear..............................
Reclaimed rubber .................................................
Rubber and plastics hose and
belting ................................................................
Fabricated rubber products, n .e .c .......................
Miscellaneous plastics products..........................

Transportation and public utilities.............................

,

Local and interurban passenger transit.................
Local and suburban transportation .....................
Taxicabs................................................................
Intercity highway transportation...........................
Transportation charter service.............................
School buses .......................................................

4100
4110
4120
4130
4140
4150

4
7
9
5
16
7

5
8
12
5
19
9

5
9
9
6
17
7

5
9
12
7
24
10

4
7
9
4
16
7

5
8
12
5
19
9

5
9
9
6
16
7

5
9
12
7
24
10

Trucking and warehousing.....................................
Trucking, local and long distance .......................
Public warehousing ..............................................

4200
4210
4220

2
2
6

2
2
8

3
3
7

3
4
13

2
2
6

2
2
8

3
3
7

3
4
13

Water transportation ...............................................
Water transportation services..............................

4400
4460

4
5

4
5

5
8

5
7

4
5

4
5

5
8

5
7

See footnotes at end of table.




64

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Transportation by a ir...............................................
Certificated air transportation...............................
Noncertificated air transportation........................
Air transportation services...................................

4500
4510
4520
4580

3
3
10
5

3
4
12
6

4
5
10
8

5
5
20
8

3
4
10
5

3
4
13
6

4
5
10
8

5
5
20
9

Pipelines, except natural g a s.................................

4600

11

19

12

19

11

19

12

19

Transportation services..........................................
Freight forwarding.................................................
Arrangement of transportation............................
Miscellaneous transportation
services..............................................................

4700
4710
4720

4
6
9

5
8
10

5
7
11

7
13
13

4
6
9

4
8
10

5
7
11

7
13
13

4780

8

11

10

11

7

8

10

11

Communication.......................................................
Telephone communication..................................
Telegraph communication...................................
Radio and television broadcasting......................
Communication services, n.e .c............................

4800
4810
4820
4830
4890

3
4
10
5
7

4
4
17
8
9

4
6
9
6
8

6
7
20
25
12

3
4
10
5
7

4
4
18
8
9

4
6
10
6
8

6
7
22
25
12

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......................
Electric services...................................................
Gas production and distribution...........................
Combination utility services.................................
Water supply........................................................
Sanitary services .................................................

4900
4910
4920
4930
4940
4950

2
3
3
3
4
4

2
3
4
3
5
5

2
4
4
4
5
5

3
4
6
5
9
6

2
3
3
3
4
4

2
3
4
3
5
5

2
4
4
4
5
5

3
4
6
5
9
6

Wholesale and retail trade........................................

1

1

2

2

1

1

2

2

Wholesale trade.......................................................

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

4

5000

3

3

3

5

3

3

3

5

5010
5020
5030

5
18
5

6
21
6

7
21
7

9
40
15

5
18
5

6
22
6

7
21
7

9
41
16

5050
5060

6
11

7
13

8
14

9
20

6
11

7
12

8
14

9
20

5070
5080
5090

11
5
6

12
6
7

14
6
7

23
11
10

11
5
6

12
7
7

14
6
7

23
11
10

5100
5110
5140
5150
5160
5170
5180
5190

3
10
3
8
19
11
4
10

3
11
4
8
27
14
4
12

4
12
4
10
22
14
4
11

5
17
5
20

3
11
4
8
27
14
4
12

4
13
4
8
23
14
4
11

5
17
5
20

30
6
21

3
10
3
7
20
11
4
10

29
7
21

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

Wholesale trade-durable g o o d s.............................
Motor vehicles and automotive
equipment..........................................................
Furniture and home furnishings...........................
Lumber and construction materials.....................
Metals and minerals, except
petroleum...........................................................
Electrical g o o ds...................................................
Hardware, plumbing and heating
equipment..........................................................
Machinery, equipment, and supplies...................
Miscellaneous durable g o o d s..............................
Wholesale trade-nondurable goods.......................
Paper and paper products ..................................
Groceries and related products...........................
Farm-product raw materials................................
Chemicals and allied products.............................
Petroleum and petroleum products.....................
Beer, wine, and distilled beverages....................
Miscellaneous nondurable goods........................
Retail tra d e ...............................................................

-

-

Building materials and garden supplies ................
Lumber and other building materials..................
Paint, glass, and wallpaper sto re s......................
Hardware sto re s..................................................
Retail nurseries and garden stores.....................

5200
5210
5230
5250
5260

2
3
10
7
13

3
3
11
9
16

3
3
12
9
15

5
5
23
18
25

2
3
10
7
13

3
3
11
9
16

3
3
12
9
15

5
5
18
18
25

General merchandise stores..................................
Department stores................................................
Variety stores.......................................................
Miscellaneous general merchandise
stores.................................................................

5300
5310
5330

2
2
7

3
3
10

3
3
8

4
4
12

2
2
7

3
3
10

3
3
8

4
4
13

5390

16

18

20

26

16

18

20

26

Food stores.............................................................

5400

2

3

3

4

2

3

3

4

See footnotes at end of table.




65

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Industry

SIC
code 1
Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Grocery sto re s......................................................

5410

2

3

3

4

2

3

3

4

Automotive dealers and service
stations.................................................................
New and used car dealers..................................
Auto and home supply stores..............................
Gasoline service stations....................................

5500
5510
5530
5540

2
2
5
8

3
3
6
10

3
3
6
10

7
7
10
20

2
2
5
8

3
3
6
10

3
3
6
10

7
7
10
20

Apparel and accessory stores................................
Women’s ready-to-wear stores............................
Children’s and infants wear stores .....................
Family clothing stores..........................................
Shoe stores..........................................................

5600
5620
5640
5650
5660

7
16
15
8
13

9
19
30
10
20

9
19
15
9
14

15
24

9
19
30
10
20

9
18
15
9
14

15
24

11
58

7
16
15
8
13

Furniture and home furnishing stores ...................
Furniture and home furnishings
stores .................................................................
Household appliance stores ................................
Radio, television, and music sto re s....................

5700

6

7

7

11

6

7

7

11

5710
5720
5730

7
18
12

8
20
16

9
25
13

13
22
27

7
18
12

8
20
16

9
25
14

13
22
28

Eating and drinking places.....................................

5800

4

5

5

10

4

5

5

10

Miscellaneous retail ................................................
Drug stores and proprietary stores.....................
Liquor sto re s........................................................
Used merchandise stores ...................................
Miscellaneous shopping goods stores ...............
Nonstore retailers.................................................
Fuel and ice dealers ............................................
Retail stores, n .e .c ...............................................

5900
5910
5920
5930
5940
5960
5980
5990

4
6
18
19
8
10
11
16

5
7
21
24
10
10
12
15

6
8
27
26
11
14
17
24

9
12
30
34
18
14
19
30

4
6
18
19
8
10
11
15

5
7
21
24
10
10
12
15

6
8
27
26
11
14
17
23

9
12
30
34
19
14
19
30

3

3

3

7

3

3

3

7

Finance, insurance, and real estate.........................

-

-

11
58

Banking....................................................................
Commercial and stock savings banks................
Mutal savings banks ............................................
Functions closely related to banking..................

6000
6020
6030
6050

4
5
20
13

5
6
20
14

6
6
23
25

10
10
44
28

4
5
20
15

5
6
21
16

6
6
23
26

10
10
45
32

Credit agencies other than banks..........................
Savings and loan associations............................
Personal credit institutions..................................
Mortgage bankers and brokers...........................

6100
6120
6140
6160

5
5
15
16

6
6
22
15

6
6
18
24

32
10

6
6
22
15

6
6
19
25

33
10

31

5
5
16
17

Security, commodity brokers and
services ................................................................
Security brokers and dealers..............................
Security and commodity services........................

6200
6210
6280

8
5
16

9
7
11

9
7
26

51
17
49

8
5
16

9
8
11

9
7
27

51
18
49

Insurance carriers....................................................
Life insurance.......................................................
Medical service and health insurance................
Fire, marine, and casualty insurance..................

6300
6310
6320
6330

5
8
5
8

5
8
7
8

7
10
8
11

14
22
14
23

5
8
5
8

5
9
7
8

7
10
8
11

13
20
16
24

Insurance aaents, brokers and service.................

6400

8

11

10

51

8

11

10

57

Real estate..............................................................
Real estate operators and lessors......................
Real estate agents and managers......................
Subdividers and developers................................

6500
6510
6530
6550

6
7
13
10

6
8
13
12

7
10
17
13

12
20
20
19

6
7
13
11

6
8
13
12

7
10
17
13

11
16
20
19

Combined real estate, insurance, e tc ....................

6600

8

13

8

19

8

13

8

19

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

4
4

3
3

3
3

3
3

4
4

8

5

5

6

9

Services......................................................................
Hotels and other lodging places............................
Hotels, motels, and tourist co u rts.......................

7000
7010

3
3

3
3

3
3

Personal services....................................................

7200

5

6

6

-

...

See footnotes at end of table.




66

-

32

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses and occupational injuries by industry,
1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses
SIC
code '

Industry

Total
cases

Laundry, cleaning, and garment
services..............................................................
Photographic studios, portrait.............................
Miscellaneous personal services.......................

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

7210
7220
7290

5
14
14

6
20
14

7
18
21

10
27
22

5
14
14

6
20
14

7
19
21

10
27
22

Business services....................................................
Services to buildings............................................
Personnel supply services...................................
Computer and data processing
services..............................................................
Miscellaneous business services........................

7300
7340
7360

5
9
9

6
11
11

6
10
11

10
25
13

5
9
9

6
11
11

6
10
11

10
25
13

7370
7390

20
8

22
9

21
9

40
16

20
8

22
9

21
9

40
16

Auto repair, services, and garages........................
Automotive rentals, without drivers.....................
Automobile parking...............................................
Automotive repair shops......................................
Automotive services, except repair.....................

7500
7510
7520
7530
7540

3
6
12
4
17

4
6
18
5
24

4
9
15
5
19

8
9
20
10
59

3
6
12
4
17

4
6
18
5
25

4
8
15
5
19

8
9
20
10
59

Miscellaneous repair services ...............................
Electrical repair s h o p s.........................................
Miscellaneous repair shops.................................

7600
7620
7690

5
12
5

6
13
6

6
14
7

9
19
10

5
13
5

6
13
6

6
14
7

9
20
10

Motion pictures.......................................................
Motion picture production and
services..............................................................
Motion picture theaters........................................

7800

10

9

12

12

10

9

12

12

7810
7830

11
22

10
24

12
29

10
40

11
23

10
24

13
29

10
40

Amusement and recreation services.....................
Bowling and billiard establishments....................
Miscellaneous amusement, recreational
services..............................................................

7900
7930

10
11

10
13

13
14

10
14

10
11

10
13

13
15

10
14

7990

4

5

5

9

4

5

5

9

Health services.......................................................
Nursing and personal care facilities....................
Hospitals...............................................................

8000
8050
8060

2
3
3

2
3
2

4
4
5

3
5
4

2
3
3

2
3
2

4
4
5

3
5
4

Legal services.........................................................

8100

5

7

7

26

5

7

7

30

Educational services...............................................
Colleges and universities.....................................

8200
8220

5
4

5
4

6
6

7
6

5
5

5
4

6
6

7
6

Social services........................................................
Individual and family services..............................
Job training and related services........................
Residential c a re ...................................................
Social services, n .e .c ...........................................

8300
8320
8330
8360
8390

4
9
8
5
7

4
10
10
6
8

5
12
10
7
8

6
12
14
9
12

4
9
8
5
7

4
10
10
6
8

5
12
10
7
8

6
12
14
9
12

Museums, botanical, zoological gardens..............
Museums and art galleries..................................
Botanical and zoological gardens.......................

8400
8410
8420

4
6
4

5
8
4

5
7
5

11
21
7

4
6
5

5
8
5

5
7
6

12
22
7

Miscellaneous services...........................................
Engineering and architectural
services..............................................................
Noncommercial research organizations.............
Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping...............

8900

7

7

9

13

7

8

9

13

8910
8920
8930

9
9
19

9
12
20

11
10
25

17
10
35

9
9
19

9
12
20

11
10
26

18
10
35

1 S ta n d a rd In dustrial C lassification M a nual,
Supplem ent.

1972 Edition,

‘

2 See discussion on the reliability of estimates.

NOTE: Dashes indicate that data do not meet publication guidelines.
Relative standard errors were not calculated for coal and lignite mining (SIC
11 and 12), metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and railroads (SIC
40).

3 Relative standard error of zero or less than .5.

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.




1977

67

Table A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illness by industry, 1984

Industry

SIC
code 1

Relative standard
error (percent)2

Industry

SIC
code 1

Total cases

Total cases
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products ......................................
Cut stone and stone products.....
Miscellaneous nonmetallic
mineral products.........................

1

Private sector...............................

Agricultural production......................
Agricultural services..........................
Forestry.............................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping..........

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining...................................................
Oil and gas extraction......................

1300

Construction.........................................

8

General building contractors ...........
Residential building construction....
Operative builders..........................
Nonresidential building
construction..................................

1500
1520
1530

17
27
34

1540

24

Heavy construction contractors .......
Highway and street construction ....
Heavy construction, except
highway................. „ .....................

1600
1610

17
27

1620

20

Special trade contractors.................
Plumbing, heating, air
conditioning ...................................
Painting, paper hanging,
decorating.....................................
Electrical w o rk ................................
Masonry, stonework, and
plastering ......................................
Carpentering and flooring...............
Roofing and sheet metal w o rk ......
Concrete work ................................
Water well drilling...........................
Miscellaneous special trade
contractors....................................

1700

11

1710

18

1720
1730

47
26

1740
1750
1760
1770
1780

30
53
27
42
42

1790

27

Manufacturing......................................

2

Durable goods....................................

2

Lumber and wood products.............
Logging camps and logging
contractors....................................
Sawmills and planing m ills.............
Millwork, plywood and structural
members.......................................
Wood containers ............................
Wood buildings and mobile homes
Miscellaneous wood products.......

2400

8

2410
2420

27
19

2430
2440
2450
2490

8
20
19
17

Furniture and fixtures........................
Household furniture........................
Office furniture...............................
Public building and related
furniture.........................................
Partitions and fixtures....................
Miscellaneous furniture and
fixtures...........................................

2500
2510
2520

6
11
7

2530
2540

13
19

2590

20

Stone, clay, and glass products.......
Flat glass....................................... .
Glass and glassware, pressed or
blow n.............................................
Products of purchased g la ss........
Cement, hydraulic..........................
Structural clay products................
Pottery and related products........

3200
3210

7
16

3220
3230
3240
3250
3260

18
18
22
16
8

See footnotes at end of table.




68

3300

8

3310
3320
3330
3340
3350
3360

21
11
16
36
21
16

3390

22

3400

5

3410

14

3420

9

3430

8

3440

20

3450
3460
3470
3480

16
9
13
9

3490

13

3500
3510
3520

6
8
20

3530
3540
3550
3560
3570

37
10
11
8
24

3580

10

3590

17

3600
3610
3620
3630

6
14
11
6

3640

9

3650
3660

24
17

3670

14

3690

11

Transportation equipment..............
Motor vehicles and equipment ....
Aircraft and parts.........................
Ship and boat building and
repairing......................................
Railroad equipment.............. ,.....
Motorcycles, bicycles, and
parts ...........................................
Guided missiles, space vehicles,
parts ...........................................
Miscellaneous transportation
equipment...................................

22

10

Electric and electronic equipment .
Electric distributing equipment....
Electrical industrial apparatus.....
Household appliances ................
Electric lighting and wiring
equipment...................................
Radio and TV receiving
equipment...................................
Communication equipment..........
Electronic components and
accessories.................................
Miscellaneous electrical
equipment and supplies............

17

3290

Machinery, except electrical..........
Engines and turbines..................
Farm and garden machinery.......
Construction and related
machinery ...................................
Metalworking machinery..............
Special industry machinery.........
General industrial machinery......
Office and computing machines ..
Refrigeration and service
machinery..................................
Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical......................................

14
20
33
-

16
28

Fabricated metal products.............
Metal cans and shipping
containers...................................
Cutlery, hand tools, and
hardware......................................
Plumbing and heating, except
electric........................................ .
Fabricated structural metal
products......................................
Screw machine products, bolts,
etc................................................
Metal forgings and stampings....
Metal services, n.e.c...................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c
Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products.....................................

11

3270
3280

Primary metal industries.................
Blast furnace and basic steel
products......................................
Iron and steel foundries..............
Primary nonferrous m etals..........
Secondary nonferrous metals......
Nonferrous rolling and drawing ....
Nonferrous foundries...................
Miscellaneous primary metal
products......................................

2

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing .........

Relative standard
error (percent)

3700
3710
3720

5
9
10

3730
3740

8
21

3750

23

3760

6

3790

10

Table A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illness by industry, 1984—Continued

Industry

SIC
code 1

Relative standard
error (percent)2

Industry

SIC
code 1

Total cases

Total cases
Instruments and related products ...
Engineering and scientific
instruments..................................
Measuring and controlling
devices..... .................... ...............
Optical instruments and lenses...
Medical instruments and
supplies ........................................
Ophthalmic go o ds....................... .
Photographic equipment and
supplies........................ ...............
Watches, clocks, and watchcases
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries........................................
Jewelry, silverware, and plated
w are..............................................
Musical instruments......................
Toys and sporting g o o ds............ .
Pens, pencils, office and art
supplies........................................
Costume jewelry and notions......
Miscellaneous manufactures .......

3800

3840
3850
3860
3870

15
28

3900

13

3910
3930
3940

20
24
23

3950
3960
3990

12
49
13

Nondurable goods............................
Food and kindred products............
Meat products...............................
Dairy products...............................
Preserved fruits and vegetables ...
Grain mill products.......................
Bakery products...........................
Sugar and confectionery
products.......................................
Fats and o ils .................................
Beverages.....................................
Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products.......................................

3
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050

4
5
14
12
16
13

2060
2070
2080

12
15
16

2090

18

Tobacco manufactures....................
Cigarettes.....................................
Cigars............................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco ....
Tobacco stemming and redrying ..

2100
2110
2120
2130
2140

13
23
21
29
14

Textile mill products........................
Weaving mills, cotton...................
Weaving mills, synthetics............
Weaving and finishing mills,
w o o l.............................................
Narrow fabric mills .......................
Knitting m ills.................................
Textile finishing, except w o o l.......
Floor covering m ills......................
Yam and thread mills ..................
Miscellaneous textile goods.........

2200
2210
2220

9
31
35

2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290

12
24
19
26
51
14
10

2300
2310
2320
2330

8
33
12
24

2340
2350
2360

44
33
32

Apparel and other textile
products......................................
Men’s and boys’ suits and coats .
Men's and boys' furnishings........
Women’s and misses’ outerwear.
Women's and children’s
undergarments............................
Hats, caps, and millinery.............
Children’s outerwear....................
Miscellaneous apparel and
accessories..................................
Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products......................................

2640
2650
2660

18
13
28

2700
2710
2720
2730
2740
2750
2760
2770
2780
2790

9
18
35
16
36
16
28
14
26
28

2800
2810

11
51

2820
2830

24
28

2840
2850
2860
2870
2890

16
25
20
53
17

Petroleum and coal products.....................
Petroleum refining....................................
Paving and roofing materials...................
Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products..................................................

28
22

14
21

Chemicals and allied products...................
Industrial inorganic chemicals..................
Plastics materials and
synthetics................................................
Drugs.........................................................
Soap, cleaners, and toilet
goods ......................................................
Paints and allied products........................
Industrial organic chemicals....................
Agricultural chemicals...............................
Miscellaneous chemical products...........

13
38

2620
2630

Printing and publishing...............................
Newspapers ..............................................
Periodicals.................................................
Books.......................................................
Miscellaneous publishing..........................
Commercial printing .................................
Manifold business forms ..........................
Greeting card publishing ..........................
Blankbooks and bookbinding...................
Printing trade services.............................

33

3820
3830

Paper mills, except building
paper .......................................................
Paperboard m ills.......................................
Miscellaneous converted paper
products..................................................
Paperboard containers and boxes..........
Building paper and board m ills................

9

3810

2900
2910
2950

19
24

2990

23

3000
3010
3020
3030

11
24
22
53

3040
3060
3070

15
13
14

3100
3110

9
15

3130
3140
3150
3160

23
12
46
27

3170
3190

16
52

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products....................................................
Tires and inner tubes...............................
Rubber and plastics footwear..................
Reclaimed rubber.....................................
Rubber and plastics hose and
belting......................................................
Fabricated rubber products, n .e .c...........
Miscellaneous plastics products..............
Leather and leather products.....................
Leather tanning and finishing..................
Boot and shoe cut stock and
findings....................................................
Footwear, except rubber..........................
Leather gloves and mittens .....................
Luggage ....................................................
Handbags and personal leather
goods ......................................................
Leather goods, nec....................................
Transportation and public utilities.................

2380

9
12

-

6
4100
4200
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800

44
21
20
12

4900

10

-

15

14

2600
2610

Local and interurban passenger
transit........................................................
Trucking and warehousing..........................
Water transportation...................................
Transportation by a ir...................................
Pipe lines, except natural g a s ....................
Transportation services..............................
Communication............................................
Electric, gas, and sanitary
services ....................................................

18

2390

Relative standard
error (percent)2

Wholesale and retail trade ............................
Paper and allied products..............
Pulp m ills ......................................

12

Wholesale trade............................................

17

See footnotes at end of table.




69

Table A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illness by industry, 1984—Continued

Industry

Wholesale trade-durable g oods.................
Wholesale trade-nondurable goods............

Relative standard
SIC
error (percent) 2
c o d e 1 ----------------------------Total cases
5000
5100

Retail trade....................................................
Building materials and garden
supplies..................................
General merchandise sto re s....
Food stores...............................
Automotive dealers and service
stations...................................
Apparel and accessory stores...
Furniture and home furnishing
stores......................................
Eating and drinking p laces.......
Miscellaneous re ta il..................

1 S ta n d a r d

Insurance agents, brokers and
service......................................
Real estate...................................
Combined real estate, insurance,
etc...............................................

22
28
17

36
22

5500
5600

29

5700
5800
5900

33
36
56

Hotels and other lodging places.....
Personal services.............................
Business services ............................
Auto repair, services, and garages ..
Miscellaneous repair services .........
Motion pictures.................................
Amusement and recreation services
Health services.................................
Legal services...................................
Educational services........................
Social services .................................
Museums, botanical, zoological
gardens..........................................
Miscellaneous services ...................

35

19
6000
6100

32
42

6200
6300

6400
6500

52
37

6600

40
9

7000
7200
7300
7500
7600
7800
7900
8000
8100
8200
8300

15
49
30
38
36
40
40
12
35
23
30

8400
8900

16
35

28
38

In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l,

1972 Edition,

NOTE: Dashes indicate that data do not meet publication guidelines.
Relative standard errors were not calculated for coal and lignite mining
(SIC 11 and 12), metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and
railroads (SIC 40.)

1977 S u p ­

p le m e n t.

2 See discussion on the reliability of estimates.




Relative standard
SIC
error (percent) 2
c o d e 1 ----------------------------Total cases

Services
5200
5300
5400

Finance, insurance, and real estate
Banking.........................................
Credit agencies other than banks
Security, commodity brokers and
services.....................................
Insurance carriers ........................

Industry

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

70

Table A-3. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses by industry and category of illness, 1984
Relative standard error (percent; 2
Industry

SIC
code 1

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
Disorders
due to
associated with
physical
repeated trauma
agents

All other
occupational
illnesses

Private se c to r..........................................................

3

7

6

8

6

2

5

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing.....................................

10

49

24

19

17

25

17

11
20
16
49

47
(3
)
(3
)

22
(3
)
0

30
21
(3
)

22
25
50
f3
)

35
45
50
(3
)

25
23
-

22

3

47

38

37

8

30

24

37

48

-

41

31

30

10

32

14

20

20

21

13

28
25
-

57
37
59

57
44
-

27
41
46
39

39
40
48

19
18

26
48
30

26
26
27
.
39
.
-

31
39
-

18
31
34
30
57
53

Agricultural production..................................................
Agricultural services.....................................................
Forestry.........................................................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping .....................................

01-02
0700
0800
0900

Mining..............................................................................
Oil and gas extraction..................................................

1300

Construction.....................................................................
General building contractors........................................
Residential building construction..............................
Operative builders......................................................
Nonresidential building construction.........................

1500
1520
1530
1540

27
47
38
33

55
46
(3
)
-

22
28
30

Heavy construction contractors...................................
Highway and street construction..............................
Heavy construction, except highway.........................

1600
1610
1620

16
28
18

57
50

34
54
38

Special trade contractors.............................................
Plumbing, heating, air conditioning............................
Painting, paper hanging, decorating..........................
Electrical w ork............................................................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering.........................
Carpentering and flooring..........................................
Roofing and sheet metal work .................................
Concrete w ork............................................................
Water well drilling......................................................
Miscellaneous special trade contractors..................

1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790

13
24
57
24
38
39
39
40
29

51
(3
)
(3
)
.

20
21
56
41
55
43

Manufacturing..................................................................

2

6

5

8

6

1

5

Durable goods................................................................

2

8

6

10

7

2

5

(3
)

_
27
43
.
(3
)

(3
)

Lumber and wood products.........................................
Logging camps and logging contractors..................
Sawmills and planing m ills ........................................
Millwork, plywood and structural
members...................................................................
Wood containers........................................................
Wood buildings and mobile homes...........................
Miscellaneous wood products...................................

2400
2410
2420

8
43
18

16
0
24

9
(3
)
20

18
31

24
59
25

10
21
22

16
56
27

2430
2440
2450
2490

6
21
11
16

22
.
45
(3
)

13
(3
)
15
51

27
42
(3
)
20

40
54
47
54

5
30
23
21

22
33
25
26

Furniture and fixtures....................................................
Household furniture....................................................
Office furniture ...........................................................
Public building and related furniture..........................
Partitions and fixtures ................................................
Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures .........................

2500
2510
2520
2530
2540
2590

6
9
11
13
26
19

33
31
(*)
32
(3
)

13
19
17
8
19

.

0
22
17

17
30
35
19
35
56

4
10
1
2
5
11

15
22
7
(3
)
.
43

Stone, clay, and glass products..................................
Flat g la ss....................................................................
Glass and glassware, pressed or b lo w n ..................
Products of purchased glass ....................................
Cement, hydraulic......................................................
Structural clay products.............................................
Pottery and related products ....................................
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products .................
Cut stone and stone products..................................
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products ....................................................................

3200
3210
3220
3230
3240
3250
3260
3270
3280

7
(3
)
19
10
30
11
10
17

17
(3
)
58
38

31
(3
)
35
20
39
15

20
(3
)
17
43

13
(3
)
19
-

O
(3)
(3)

(3)

5
1
11
6
18
15

15
(3
)
37
10
.
29
19
.

3290

8

20

35

22

11

14

16

Primary metal industries...............................................
Blast furnace and basic steel products....................
Iron and steel foundries.............................................
Primary nonferrous metals ........................................

3300
3310
3320
3330

5
11
8
9

30
43
15
20

29
16
15
15

24
19
21
1

17
35
20
6

5
19
6
15

9
19
21
-

(3)

56

3

(3)

See footnotes at end of table.




3

(3)

71

.
0

-

54
(3)

22
18
29
12

3

25
(3)

Table A-3. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2
Industry

SIC
code 1

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Secondary nonferrous m etals...................................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing.................................
Nonferrous foundries..................................................
Miscellaneous primary metal products.....................

3340
3350
3360
3390

26
12
11
16

Fabricated metal products ...........................................
Metal cans and shipping containers.........................
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware............................
Plumbing and heating, except electric ....................
Fabricated structural metal products........................
Screw machine products, bolts, etc...........................
Metal forgings and stampings...................................
Metal services, n .e .c ..................................................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c..............................
Miscellaneous fabricated metal products.................

3400
3410
3420
3430
3440
3450
3460
3470
3480
3490

4
14
5
6
8
12
10
12
11
12

19
(3
)
(3
)
12
51
32

Machinery, except electrical ........................................
Engines and turbines .................................................
Farm and garden machinery.....................................
Construction and related machinery.........................
Metalworking machinery............................................
Special industry machinery........................................
General industrial machinery.....................................
Office and computing machines................................
Refrigeration and service machinery ........................
Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical....................................................................

3500
3510
3520
3530
3540
3550
3560
3570
3580

23

(3
)
-

-

(3
)
(3
)

49

.
13
20
58

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
illnesses
repeated trauma
agents
28
18
38
29

25
12
9
4

21
16
16
38

9
19
20
21
15

10
27
20

18
24
12
15

8
19
3
2
45
30
7
19
1
8
4
3
30
11
12
9
6
20
6

11
14
13
29
14
29
10
18
26

41
44

21
1
21

7
16
12
12
24
34
17
14
8
27

4
4
14
12
7
7
5
27
8

21
43
(3
)

24
14
43

-

-

15
8
36
27

19
51
42
40
8

15
16
12
46
23

16
21
24
33

36
18
34
47
20
20
15
23

3590

13

44

26

59

58

14

-

Electric and electronic equipment................................
Electric distributing equipment..................................
Electrical industrial apparatus...................................
Household appliances................................................
Electric lighting and wiring equipment......................
Radio and TV receiving equipment...........................
Communication equipment........................................
Electronic components and accessories..................
Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies.....................................................................

3600
3610
3620
3630
3640
3650
3660
3670

5
15
8
7
7
16
11
9

23
44

22
26

1
30
(3
)
42
38

12
24
22
2
13
39
21
17

18
15
31

15
47
24
3
25
36
17

3
7
10
2
5
20
11
16

17
27
11
4
13
41
24
38

3690

11

31

30

18

25

5

34

Transportation equipment ............................................
Motor vehicles and equipment .................................
Aircraft and parts.......................................................
Ship and boat building and repairing........................
Railroad equipment ....................................................
Motorcycles, bicycles, and p a rts ...............................
Guided missiles, space vehicles, parts.....................
Miscellaneous transportation equipment..................

3700
3710
3720
3730
3740
3750
3760
3790

5
9
7
9
12
40
3
8

6
16
34
2

6
12
9
11
41
2
13
12

4
8
8
4
57
2
7
39

5
13
14
7
(3
)
2
6
1

3
5
7
2
15
5
9
9

16
42
20
12
36
(3
)
4
30

Instruments and related products................................
Engineering and scientific instruments.....................
Measuring and controlling devices .............................
Optical instruments and lenses ..................................
Medical instruments and supplies ..............................
Ophthalmic goods .........................................................
Photographic equipment and supplies .......................
Watches, clocks, and watchcases .............................

3800
3810
3820
3830
3840
3850
3860
3870

7
19
10
24
24
4
18
40

21
52
13
(3
)

38
48
45
(3
)

19

4
24
3
9
13
21
1
7

14
26
17
24
46
23
39
29

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries .......................
Jewelry, silverware, and plated w a re ........................
Musical instruments ......................................................
Toys and sporting goods .............................................
Pens, pencils, office and art supplies ........................
Costume jewelry and notions ......................................
Miscellaneous manufactures.......................................

3900
3910
3930
3940
3950
3960
3990

18
28
9
27
4

16
27
30
24
16
45
12

-

■
-

(3
)
(3
)
12
22
-

34
(3)

47
22

-

-

2000
2010
2020
2030
2040

17
0
(3
)
(3
)

-

-

26
9
26

33
(3
)
44

12
20
16
24
7
19
36

52

11

23
(3)
(3
)
34
(3
)
34
37
10

4
5
20
13
15

32
18
52

-

•

See footnotes at end of table.




-

3

Nondurable g o o d s .............................................................
Food and kindred products ............................................
Meat products ................................................................
Dairy products ................................................................
Preserved fruits and vegetables .................................
Grain mill products .......................................................

-

-

42
22
27

72

-

-

33
14
23
4
1
44

-

15
24
15
15
14
-

9

14

4
6
11
7
8
13
7

7

14

10

2

8

11
20
19
12
58

19
16
26
25
4

16
27
33
15
45

3
3
18
7
12

9
6
29
54
37

-

(3
)
-

(3
)
43

19
15
(3
)
28
19
-

Table A-3. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
---------- ------------------------------------------------------- ..
Relative standard error (percent] 2
Industry

SIC
code 1

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs

Disorders
All other
Disorders
due to
associated with occupational
physical
repeated trauma
illnesses
agents

Bakery products.........................................................
Sugar and confectionery products............................
Fats and oils ..............................................................
Beverages...................................................................
Miscellaneous foods and kindred
products....................................................................

2050
2060
2070
2080

14
9
16
31

44
(3
)
(3
)
57

20
7
29
24

38
27
25
-

20
14
20
53

11
14
27
13

33
16
15
20

2090

12

-

55

29

42

31

20

Tobacco manufactures.................................................
Cigarettes..................................................................
Cigars.........................................................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco ................................
Tobacco stemming and redrying...............................

2100
2110
2120
2130
2140

8
20
19.
16
10

1
1
0
(3
)
(3
)

18
ft
18
ft
ft

30
30
ft
ft
ft

8
15
ft
25
1

8
20
19
ft
1 -

Textile mill products.....................................................
Weaving mills, cotton.................................................
Weaving mills, synthetics ..........................................
Weaving and finishing mills, w o o l.............................
Narrow fabric m ills.....................................................
Knitting m ills ...............................................................
Textile finishing, except w o o l....................................
Floor covering m ills ....................................................
Yarn and thread m ills.................................................
Miscellaneous textile goods......................................

2200
2210
2220
2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290

6
7
27
7
18
30
10
36
10
6

23
16
41
1
(3
)
20
ft
56
52
(3
)

26
47
10
25
46
18
11

.
10
13
11
ft
15
ft

13
35
ft
10
30
10
25
30
3

12
28
11
14
14
40
22
1

29
47
ft
23
ft
31
39
57
35
39

Apparel and other textile products ..............................
Men’s and boys’ suits and c o a ts ..............................
Men’s and boys’ furnishings.....................................
Women’s and misses’ outerwear..............................
Women’s and children’s undergarments..................
Hats, caps, and millinery...........................................
Children’s outerwear..................................................
Miscellaneous apparel and accessories...................
Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products....................................................................

2300
2310
2320
2330
2340
2350
2360
2380

9
44
14
15
38
22
20
17

37
(3
)
46
-

23
23
ft
23
41

8
10
10
38
26
38
47
39

21
24
26
2
.
12

2390

15

29

24

8

33

Paper and allied products............................................
Pulp m ills ....................................................................
Paper mills, except building pa p er............................
Paperboard m ills........................................................
Miscellaneous converted paper products ................
Paperboard containers and b o xe s............................
Building paper and board m ills..................................

2600
2610
2620
2630
2640
2650
2660

7
37
15
49
13
11
21

33
(3
)
12
0
6
-

19
1
22
27
37
23
ft

5
7
11
21
6
13
ft

17
ft
29
33
23
37
ft

Printing and publishing .................................................
Newspapers................................................................
Periodicals..................................................................
Books ..........................................................................
Miscellaneous publishing...........................................
Commercial printing....................................................
Manifold business form s............................................
Greeting card publishing............................................
Blankbooks and bookbinding....................................
Printing trade services...............................................

2700
2710
2720
2730
2740
2750
2760
2770
2780
2790

11
15
10
18
20
18
1
24
19

4
2

5
12
27
6
9
6
47
1
32
ft

41
59
15
28
33
.

Chemicals and allied products....................................
Industrial inorganic chemicals...................................
Plastics materials and synthetics..............................
Drugs...........................................................................
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods...............................
Paints and allied products.........................................
Industrial organic chemicals......................................
Agricultural chemicals................................................
Miscellaneous chemical products..............................

2800
2810
2820
2830
2840
2850
2860
2870
2890

Petroleum and coal products.......................................
Petroleum refining......................................................
Paving and roofing materials ....................................
Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products....................................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products.......................................................................

ft
ft
(3
)
(3
)

(3
)

21
.
30
24

6

ft

59
.

ft
ft
ft
2

28

ft

6
5 ^
9
12
11
28

52
1
12
ft
52
ft

1

ft
35
O
28
(3
)
(*)
ft
(3
)

ft

12
7
23
29
24
27
58
20
35
ft

7
40
18
10
19
19
14
34
12

17
52
7
10
38
ft
19
16

14
26
39
31
14
19
23
19

30
.
59
37
ft
40
54
26

25
26
.
24
20
48
34
25
43

9
.
12
11
ft
18
7

37
.
18
22
32
33
-

2900
2910
2950

22
28
47

26
26
ft

22
21
.

_
-

20
19

51
51
ft

52
26
.

2990

24

(3
)

14

1

1

ft

10

3000

11

29

37

24

19

73

54
.
ft
ft
9
.
22

ft

ft
ft

27
.
54
1
9
38
.
1
58

See footnotes at end of table.




16

ft

3
6

ft

-

ft

-

10

-

ft
23
14

22

Table A-3. Relative standard errors fc~ measures of occupational illnesses by industry and category of illness, 1984—Continued
Relative standard error (percent; 2
SIC
code 1

Industry

Skin
diseases
or
disorders

Tires and inner tubes.................................................
Rubber and plastics footwear...................................
Reclaimed rubber.......................................................
Rubber and plastics hose and belting......................
Fabricated rubber products, n .e .c.............................
Miscellaneous plastics products................................

3010
3020
3030
3040
3060
3070

32
12
49
17
10
15

Leather and leather products......... ..........................
Leather tanning and finishing....................................
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings......................
Footwear, except rubber...........................................
Leather gloves and mittens.......................................
Luggage ......................................................................
Handbags and personal leather g o o d s....................
Leather goods, nec.....................................................

3100
3110
3130
3140
3150
3160
3170
3190

Dust
Respiratory
diseases
conditions due Poisoning
of the
to toxic agents
lungs
9
33

0
(3
)

ft

Disorders
Disorders
due to
associated with
physical
repeated trauma
agents

ft

26
14

All other
occupational
illnesses
12
28

ft

ft

ft
ft

7
8
20
13
51
59
7
40

20
31
9
40
(3
)
0
1
ft

9
16
4
16
ft

10
12
ft
17
ft

16
19
ft
35
ft

27
ft

ft

ft
ft

Transportation and public utilities..................................

7

18

12

13

13

12

11

Wholesale and retail trade..............................................
Wholesale trad e .............................................................
Retail tra d e .....................................................................

17
21
27

50

50

36
50
52

34
51
42

31
39
45

20
28
29

18
30
22

Finance, insurance, and real e sta te ...............................

28

-

37

59

-

19

20

Services............................................................................

8

38

15

22

20

18

9

1

-

4
27
40

4
11
42

ft
ft

ft

ft

ft

7
24
9
7
17
12
9
ft

20
ft
14
ft
47
1
ft

1
19
33

ft

2
15
14

10
41
27

2 See discussion on the reliability of estimates

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
Relative standard errors were not calculated for coal and lignite mining (SIC
11 and 12), metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and railroads (SIC
40).

3 Relative standard error of zero or less than .5.

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la ss ific atio n M a n u a l,

1972 Edition,

15
29
27

28

1977

S u p p lem en t.




Table A-4. Relative standard errors for occupational injury and illness
fatalities for employers with 11 employee or more by industry division,
1984
Relative standard e rro r1

Industry
Private sector....................................................

8

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing ............................

26

M ining......................................................................

13

Construction............................................................

12

Manufacturing.........................................................

6

Transportation and public utilities..........................

13

Wholesale and retail trade.....................................

58

Finance, insurance, and real estate......................

39

Services...................................................................

21

1 See discussion of reliability of estimates.

74

Appendix B. Incidence Rates for
Safety Management

(The 200,000 hours in the formula represents the
equivalent of 100 employees working 40 hours per week,
50 weeks per year, and provides the standard base for
the incidence rates.)
NOTE: You can use the same formula to compute in­
cidence rates for:

Incidence rates can be used to show the relative level
of injuries and illnesses among different industries,
firms, or operations within a single firm. Because a
common base and a specific period of time are involved,
these rates can help determine both problem areas and
progress in preventing work-related injuries and ill­
nesses.

(1) The number of lost workday injuries and illnesses;
(2) The number of nonfatal injuries and illnesses
without lost workdays;
(3) Cases involving only injuries or only illnesses.

How to compute incidence rates

An incidence rate of occupational injuries and ill­
nesses can be calculated quickly and easily. The formula
requires:

Here is an example of how to compute an incidence
rate:
Jones Furniture Co. recorded 11 injuries and illnesses
(from log and summary, osha N o. 200). The total
Lours worked by all employees were 130,000 (from
payroll or other time records).

(a) The number o f injuries and illnesses. Count the
number of recordable cases from the Log and Summary
of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, osha N o. 200
(Appendix C), or refer to the TOTALS line for the year­
ly total for fatalities, injuries and illnesses with lost
workdays, and injuries and illnesses without lost
workdays.

11

130,000

worked” should not include any nonwork time, even
though paid, such as vacation, sick leave, holidays, etc.
(If actual hours worked are not available for employees
paid on commission, by salary, or by the mile, etc.,
hours worked may be estimated on the basis of sched­
uled hours or 8 hours per workday.)
An incidence rate of injuries and illnesses may be
computed from the following formula:
=

N u m b e r o f in ju ries and
illn esses in y ou r firm
X 2 0 0 ,0 0 0

In cid en ce rate
fo r y ou r firm

(R o u n d to the
nearest ten th )
H o u r s w o rk ed by
all yo u r e m p lo y ees

In cid en ce rate

The incidence rate for your firm is the number of in­
juries and illnesses per 100 full-time employees.

(b) E m p lo y e e h o u rs w o rk ed




= 16.9

Therefore, Jones Furniture Co. experienced a rate of
16.9 injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time employees.
To compute an incidence rate for your own firm,
enter the data in the appropriate spaces below and com­
plete the formula.

(b) The number o f hours a ll employees actually
worked. Use payroll or other time records. “ Hours

(a) N u m b er o f in ju ries an d illn esses X 2 0 0 ,0 0 0

X 2 0 0 ,0 0 0

75

Appendix C. OSHA No. 200S
Report Form and Instructions

Dear Em ployer:
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 requires the Secretary of Labor to collect, compile, and analyze statis­
tics on occupational injuries and illnesses. This is accomplished through a joint Federal/State survey program with
States that have received Federal grants for collecting and compiling statistics. Establishments are selected for this sur­
vey on a sample basis with varying probabilities depending upon size. Certain establishments may be included in each
year's sample because of their importance to the statistics for their industry.
You have been selected to participate in the nationwide Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Survey for 1984. Under the
Occupational Safety and Health Act, your report is mandatory.
The following items are enclosed for your use: (1) Instructions for completing the form; (2) The OSHA No. 200-S form
and a copy for your files; and (3) An addressed return envelope. Please complete the OSHA No. 200-S form and return
it within three weeks in the envelope provided.
If you have any questions about this survey, contact the survey collection agency indicated on the OSHA No. 200-S form.
Thank you for your cooperation with this important survey.

Sincerely,

ROBERT A. RO W LAND
Assistant Secretary for
Occupational Safety and Health




76

1984 OSH A No. 200-S
Annual Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Survey Covering Calendar Year 1984
T h e in f o r m a t io n c o lle c te d o n th is fo r m w ill be used f o r s ta tis tic a l p u rposes o n ly b y th e B L S , O S H A , a n d th e c o o p e ra tin g S ta te A g e n c ie s .

St.

Sch. No.

Ck.

B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s fo r th e O c c u p a tio n a l S a fe ty and H e a lth A d m in is tra tio n
O .M .B . N o. 1 2 2 0 -0 0 4 5
A p p ro v a l E xp. 3 /3 1 /8 7

T H I S R E P O R T IS M A N D A T O R Y U N D E R P U B L I C L A W 91 5 9 6 . F A I L U R E T O R E P O R T
C A N R E S U L T IN T H E IS S U A N C E O F C I T A T I O N S A N D A S S E S S M E N T O F P E N A L T I E S .

Suf.

Complete this report whether or n ot there were
recordable occupational injuries or illnesses.

SIC

PLEASE READ THE ENCLOSED INSTRUCTIONS

E D IT

A N N U A L A VE R A G E
EM PLO YM EN T IN 1984

T O T A L HOURS
W ORKED IN 1984

E n te r th e average n u m b e r
o f e m ployee s w h o w o rk e d
d u rin g ca le n d a r year 1984
in the e s ta b lis h m e n t(s )
covered b y th is re p o rt. In ­
c lu d e all classes o f e m p lo y ­
ees: fu ll-tim e , p a rt-tim e ,
seasonal, te m p o ra ry , etc.
See th e in s tru c tio n s fo r an
e x a m p le o f an annual aver­
age e m p lo y m e n t c a lc u la ­
tio n . (R o u n d to th e

E n te r the to ta l nu m ber
o f ho urs a c tu a lly w o rk e d
d u rin g 1984 b y all em ­
ployees covered by th is
re p o rt. DO N O T includ e
any n o n -w o rk tim e even
th o u g h paid such as vaca­
tio n s , sick leave, etc. If
em ployees w o rk e d low
ho urs in 1984 due to la y ­
o ffs , strike s, fires, etc.,
e x p la in u n der C om m ents
(section V II) . (R o u n d to

ne arest w h o le n u m b e r .)

U.S. Department of Labor

th e n earest w h o le num ber.)

I II. N A T U R E OF BUSINESS IN 1984
A . C heck th e b o x w h ic h
best describes th e general
ty p e o f a c tiv ity p e rfo rm e d
b y th e e sta b lish m e n t(s)
in clu d e d in th is re p o rt.

□

A g ricu ltu re

□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□

F o re stry
F ish in g
M in in g
C o n s tru c tio n
M a n u fa c tu rin g
T ra n s p o rta tio n
C o m m u n ic a tio n
P u b lic U tilitie s
W holesale T ra d e
R e ta il T ra d e
Fin ance
Insurance
Real E state
Services
P u b lic A d m in is tr a tio n

REPO RT LO C A TIO N AND ID E N T IF IC A T IO N

B. E n te r in o rd e r o f im ­
p o rta n c e th e p rin c ip a l
p ro d u c ts , lines o f tra d e ,
services o r o th e r a c tiv i­
ties. F o r each e n try also
in c lu d e th e a p p ro x im a te
p e rc e n t o f to ta l 1984
an nual value o f p ro d u c ­
tio n , sales o r receipts.

C. I f th is re p o rt in ­
clude s a n y establishm e n t(s) w h ic h p e r­
fo r m services fo r
o th e r u n its o f y o u r
c o m p a n y , in d ic a te
th e p rim a ry ty p e o f
service o r s u p p o rt
p ro v id e d . (C h e c k
as m a n y as a p p ly .)

%

%

1. □ C e n tra l
a d m in is tra tio n
2. □ Research, d e v e lo p ­
m e n t and te stin g
3. □ S torage
(w arehouse)
4. □ O th e r (s p e c ify )

Please in d ic a te an y address changes b e lo w .

Complete and return ONLY
THIS FORM within 3 weeks

IV . M O N T H OF OSHA
IN SPECTIO N
I f th e e sta b lish m e n t(s)
covered b y th is re p o rt
had e ith e r a Federal or
S ta te O S H A c o m p lia n c e
in s p e c tio n d u rin g c a l­
e n dar yea r 19 84,
please e n te r th e name
o f th e m o n th in w h ic h
th e fir s t in s p e c tio n
o ccu rre d .

V. RECORDABLE
IN JU R IES A N D
ILLNESSES
D id th e establish m e n t(s) have
any re corda ble
in ju rie s o r i l l ­
nesses d u rin g
calen dar year
1984?

D N o (Please
co m p le te
section V II.)

2. □

(Leave this
box blank.)

1.

Yes (Please
c o m p le te
sections V I
and V II.)

SEE REVERSE
R ETU R N REPORT TO:

C o m p le te th is re p o rt fo r th e esta b lish m e n t(s) covered by th e d e s c rip tio n b e lo w :

For Information Call:

O S H A N o . 200-S (R ev. D ecem ber 1984)




VI. OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS SUMMARY (Covering Calendar Year 1984)
•

Remember to reverse the carbon insert before completing this side.
Leave section VI blank if there were no OSHA recordable injuries or illnesses during 1984

•

Please check your figures to be certain that the sum of entries in columns (7a) + (7b)
+ (7c) + (7d) + (7e) + (7f) + (7g) = the sum o f entries in columns (8) + (9) + (13).
If you listed fatalities in columns (T) and/or (8), please give a b rie f description o f
the object or event which caused each fa ta lity in the ''C om m ents'' section.

C o m p le te this sectio n b y c o p y in g to ta ls fro m th e an n u a l s u m m a ry o f y o u r 1 9 8 4 O S H A N o . 2 0 0 .

•
•

N o te : F irs t a id even w h en a d m in is te re d b y a d o c to r o r nurse is n o t recordable.

OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS CASES

OCCUPATIONAL INJURY CASES
INJURY
RELATED
FA TA L ­
IT IE S **
(DEATHS)

Injury cases
with days
away from
work and/or
restricted
workdays
Number of Number of
CHECKS
DEATHS
in col. 2
in col. 1
o f the log
of the log
(OSHA
(OSHA
No. 200)
No. 200)
(2)

(1)

INJURIES
W ITHO UT
LOST
WORK­
DAYS*

INJURIES W ITH LOST W ORKDAYS

In ju r y
cases
w i t h days
a wa y
from
work

Total
days
away
from
work

Number of
CHECKS
in col. 3
of the log
(OSHA
No. 200)

Sum of
Sum of
the DAYS the DAYS
in col. 4
in col. 5
of the log of the log
(OSHA
(OSHA
No. 200)
No. 200)

Number of
CHECKS
in col. 6
of the log
(OSHA
No. 200)

(3 )

(4)

(6)

T otal
days of
restricted
activity

(5)

ILLNESS
ILLNESSES
RELATED
FATAL
IT IE S **
(DEATHS)
Illness cases
with days
away from
work and/or
restricted
workdays

|TYPE OF ILLNESS
Enter the number of checks
from the appropriate columns
of the log (OSHA No. 200).

5

tj

o h

lO tJ
(a)

*
•

a
St

2 2

c

o
a ~
S •
3
Q o CL o

(b)

2 E

J2

a
c % tt E
o J*
o
o •
> .2
>: X
2 o S '6
a ~ C m

(c)

W ITH LOST WORKDAYS

Illness
cases
w i t h days
awa y
from
work

Total
days
aw ay

from
work

ILLNESSES
W ITHO UT
LOST
WORK­
D A Y S*

Total
days of
restricted
acti vit y

Number of
DEATHS
in col. 8
o r
— c of the log
;= £
Q a G ? < =
(OSHA
No. 200)
(7 )

Number of
CHECKS
in col. 9
o f the log
(OSHA
No. 200)

Number of
CHECKS
in col. 10
of the log
(OSHA
No. 200)

Sum of
the DAYS
in col. 11
o f the log
(OSHA
No. 200)

Number of
Sum of
the DAYS CHECKS
in col. 12 in col. 13
o f the log of the log
(OSHA
(OSHA
No. 200)
No. 200)

(d)

(9 )

(10)

(11)

(12)

m •

(e)

(f)

(9)

(8)

(1 3)

DEATHS

DEATHS

W ITH O U T LOST W O R K D A Y S -C A S E S (WITH NO DAYS LOST) RESULTING IN EITH ER : DIAG NO SIS OF O CCUPATIO NAL ILLNESS, LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS, RESTRICTION
OF WORK OR M OTION, TRANSFER TO AN O TH ER JOB, OR M E D IC A L TR E A TM E N T BEYOND FIRST A ID .

V II. REPORT PREPARED BY (Please type or print)
NAME __________________________________________
TIT LE __________________________________________
SIGNATURE
AREA CODE
D A T E ______




PHONE

■IF Y O U L I S T E D F A T A L I T I E S TN C O L U M N S (1 ) A N D / O R ( 8 ) , P L E A S E G I V E A B R I E F
D E S C R I P T I O N O F T H E O B J E C T O R E V E N T W H I C H C A U S E D E A C H F A T A L I T Y IN
T H E " C O M M E N T S " S E C T IO N BELO W .

COMMENTS

SURVEY REPORTING REGULATIONS
T itle 29, Part 1904.20-22 of the Code o f Federal Regulations requires that:
each em ployer shall return the completed survey form , OSHA No. 200-S. w ith in
3 weeks o f receipt in accordance w ith the instructions shown below.

INSTRUCTIO NS FOR COMPLETING THE OSHA NO. 200 S FORM
1984 OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND ILLNESSES SURVEY
(Covering Calendar Year 1984)
Change of Ownership—When there has been a change of ownership during the report period,
only the records of the current owner are to be entered in the report. Explain fu lly under
Comments (Section V II), and include the date of the ownership change and the tim e period
this report covers.
Partial-Year Reporting—For any establishment(s) which was not in existence for the entire
report year, the report should cover the portion of the period during which the establish
ment(s) was in existence. Explain fu lly under Comments (Section V II), including the time
period this report covers.
ESTABLISHMENTS INCLUDED IN THE REPORT
This report should include o n ly those establishments located in, or identified b y, the Report
Location and Id e ntifica tio n designation which appears next to your mailing address. This
designation may be a geographical area, usually a county or c ity , or it could be a b rief de­
scription o f your operation w ith in a geographical area If you have any questions concerning
the coverage o f this report, please contact the agency identified on the OSHA No. 200-S
report form.
D E F IN IT IO N OF ESTABLISHM ENT
An E S T A B L IS H M E N T is d e fin e d as a single physica l lo c a tio n where business is c o n d u c te d
o r w here services o r in d u s tria l o p e ra tio n s are p e rfo rm e d
(F o r e xa m p le
a fa c to ry , m ill,
store, h o te l, re s ta u ra n t, m o v ie th e a tre , fa rm , ranch, b a n k , sales o ffic e , warehouse, or
ce n tra l a d m in is tra tiv e o ffic e .)
F o r firm s engaged in a c tiv itie s such as c o n s tru c tio n , tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , or
e le c tric , gas a n d s a n ita ry services, w h ic h m ay be p h y s ic a lly dispersed, re p o rts sh ou ld cover
th e place to w h ic h e m p lo ye e s n o rm a lly re p o rt each day.
R e p o rts fo r perso n n el w h o d o n o t p rim a rily re p o rt o r w o rk a t a single e sta b lis h m e n t, such
as tra ve lin g salespersons, te ch n icia n s, engineers, e tc., s h o u ld cover th e lo c a tio n fr o m w h ic h
th e y are p a id o r th e base fr o m w h ic h personnel o pe ra te to c a rry o u t th e ir a c tiv itie s .




SECTION I.

ANNUAL AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT IN 1964

Enter in Section I the average (not the total) number of fu ll and part-tim e employees who
worked during calendar year 1984 in the establishment(s) included in this report If more
than one establishment is included in this report, add together the annual average employ
ment for each establishment and enter the sum. Include all classes of employees— seasonal,
temporary, administrative, supervisory, clerical, professional, technical, sales, delivery, in ­
stallation. construction and service personnel, as well as operators and related workers
Annual Average em ploym ent should be computed by summing the em ploym ent from all
pay periods during 1984 and then dividing that sum by the total number o f such pay periods
throughout the entire year, including periods w ith no employm ent. For example, if you had
the fo llow ing m on th ly em ploym ent— Jan.-10; Feb -10, Mar 10; A p r -5; May-5; June 5.
July-5, A u g -0. Sept.-O. Oct.-O; N o v -5, Dec.-5— you w ould sum the number of employees
for each m on th ly pay period (in this case. 60) and then divide that total by 12 (the number
of pay periods during the year) to derive an annual average em ploym ent of 5.
SECTION II.

TOTAL HOURS WORKED IN 1984

Enter in Section II the total number of hours actually worked by all classes o f employees
during 1984. Be sure to include O NLY time on d u ty DO NOT include any non-work time
even though paid, such as vacations, sick leave, holidays, etc. The hours worked figure should
be obtained from payroll or other tim e records wherever possible, if hours worked are not
maintained separately from hours paid, please enter your best estimate. If actual hours
worked are not available for employees paid on commission, salary, by the mile, etc., hours
worked may be estimated on the basis o f scheduled hours or 8 hours per workday.
For example, if a group of 10 salaried employees worked an average of 8 hours per day, 5
days a week, for 50 weeks o f the report period, the total hours worked for this qroup would
be 10 x 8 x 5 x 50 = 20.000 hours tor the report period.
SECTION III.

NATURE OF BUSINESS IN 1984

In order to verify the nature of business code, we must have inform ation about the specific
economic a ctivity carried on by the establishment(s) included in your report during calendar
year 1984
Complete Parts A . Band C as indicated in Section III on the OSHA No. 200-S form . Complete
Part C only if supporting services are provided to other establishments o f your company.
Leave Part C blank if a) supporting services are not the prim ary function o f any establish
ment(s) included in this report or b) supporting services are provided but only on a contract or
fee basis fo r the general public or for other business firms (Instructions continued on page 2.)

NOTE:

If more than one establishment is included, inform ation in Section III should reflect
the combined activities o f all such establishments. One code w ill be assigned which best
indicates the nature of business o f the group of establishments as a whole.

SECTION IV .

M O NTH OF OSHA INSPECTION

Enter the name o f the first m onth in 1984 during which your establishment(s) had an
OSHA compliance inspection. Include inspections under the Federal or State equivalents of
the Occupational Safety and Health A ct by Federal or State inspectors and other inspections
which may result in penalties for violations o f safety and health standards. Do not include
inspections lim ited to elevators, boilers, fire safety or those which are consultative in nature.
SECTION V.

RECORDABLE INJURIES OR ILLNESSES

Check the appropriate box If you checked "Y e s," complete Sections VI and V II on the
back of the form. If you checked " N o ," complete only Section V II.
SECTION V I.

O CCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS SUMMARY

This section can be completed easily
yo u r 1984 OSHA No. 200 form (Log
Please note that if this report covers
"L o g " fo r each must be added and the

by copying the totals from the annual summary of
and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses).
more than one establishment, the final totals on the
sums entered in Section VI.

Leave Section VI blank if the employees covered in this report experienced no recordable
injuries or illnesses during 1984.
If there were recordable injuries or illnesses during the year, please review your OSHA
No. 200 form fo r each establishment to be included in this report to make sure that all
entries are correct and complete before completing Section VI. Each recordable case should
be included on the "L o g " in only one of the six main categories of injuries or illnesses:1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

IN JU R Y —related deaths (Log colum n 1)
INJURIES w ith days away from w ork and/or restricted days (Log column 2)
INJURIES w ith o u t lost workdays (Log column 6)
ILLN ESS—related deaths ( Log colum n 8)
ILLNESSES w ith days away from work and/or restricted days (Log colum n 9)
ILLNESSES w ith o u t lost workdays (Log column 13)




Also review each case to ensure that the appropriate entries have been made fo r the other
columns if applicable. For example, if the case is an In ju ry w ith Lost Workdays, be sure that
the check fo r an in ju ry involving day* away from work (Log colum n 3) is entered if necessary.
Also verify that the correct number o f days away from w ork (Log colum n 4) and/or days of
restricted work a ctivity (Log colum n 5) are recorded. A sim ilar review should be made fo r a
case which is an Illness w ith Lost Workdays (including Log columns 10, 11 and 12). Please
remember that if your employees' loss o f workdays is still continuing at the tim e the annual
summary for the year is completed, you should estimate the number o f fu tu re workdays
they w ill lose and add this estimate to the actual workdays already lost. Each partial day
away from w o rk, other than the day o f the occurrence o f the in ju ry or onset o f illness,
should be entered as one fu ll restricted workday.
Also, fo r each case which is an Illness, make sure that the appropriate colum n indicating
Type of Illness (Log columns 7a-7g) is checked.
A fte r com pleting your review o f the individual case entries on the " L o g ," please make sure
that the "T o ta ls " line has been completed by summarizing Columns 1 through 13 according
tc the instructions on the back of the " L o g " form . Then, copy these "T o ta ls " onto Section
VI of the OSHA No. 200-S form , if you entered fatalities in columns (1) and/or (8), please
include in the 'Com m ents" section a b rief description of the object or event which caused
each fa ta lity.
FIRST A ID
F inally, please remember that all injuries which, in your judgement, required only First Aid
Treatment, even when administered by a d o ctor or nurse, should not be included in this re­
port. First A id Treatment is defined as one-time treatm ent and subsequent observation o f
m inor scratches.cuts, burns, splinters, etc., which do not o rd inarily require medical care.
SECTION V II.

COMMENTS AND ID E N T IF IC A T IO N

Please com plete all parts includinq yo u r area code and telephone number. Then return the
OSHA No. 200-S form in the pre-addressed envelope. KEEP your file copy.

BLS Data
Diskettes
now
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BLS data users now can
store and manipulate
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on their personal,
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microcomputers
The following data diskettes are formatted for use with LOTUS 1-2-3:

Monthly
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256 industrial series for
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and the 3 prior years.
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Annual subscription of 12
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ot the Nation’s population
classified by age, sex, and
race for 282 series for the
current year-to-date and
the 3 prior years. Single
diskette, $35. Annual
subscription of 12 monthly
diskettes, $288.

Producer Price Indexes—
selected commodity
groupings by stage of
processing for the most
recent 13 months. Single
diskette, $35. Annual
subscription of 12 monthly
diskettes, $288.

Quarterly
Employment Cost Indexquarterly measures of
change in total
compensation (wages,
salaries, and employer
costs for employee
benefits) and in wages and
salaries only; 180 series
beginning in 1980-81 and
120 series from 1975 to
the most recent quarter.
Single diskette, $35.
Annual subscription of 4
quarterly diskettes, $104.
National productivity
indexes—63 quarterly
labor productivity and cost

Order form

measures for business,
nonfarm business,
nonfinancial corporations,
and manufacturing from
1947 to the current quarter.
Also, 24 annual multifactor
productivity measures
(output per unit of
combined labor and
capital inputs) for private
business, private nonfarm
business, and
manufacturing from 1948
to the current year. Single
diskette, $35. Annual
subscription of 8 quarterly
diskettes, $196
U.S. export and import
price indexes—quarterly
export and import price
indexes for 450 Standard
Industrial Trade
Classification categories
for the most recent 8
quarters. Single diskette,
$35. Annual subscription
of 4 quarterly diskettes,
$104.
Please send your order to:

Price
Single Sub­
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Labor force, employment, and unemployment

L $35 □
J
n $35 n

Producer Price Indexes

□ $35 □ $104

Economic projections to

1995— average annual
output, total employment,
hours, and wage and salary
employment for 1984 and
projected 1985-95 for 150
industries. Single diskette,
$35.
Foreign labor statistics129 annual indexes of
manufacturing productivity
and labor costs for the
United States and 9
foreign countries from 1950
to 1984; ano levels ot the
labor force, unemployment,
and related measures for
the United States and 9
countries from 1954 to
1985. Single diskette, $35.
Annual subscription of 4
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BLS Data Diskettes
Room 2127
441 G Street, NW.
Washington, DC 20212

Industry productivity
data— annual indexes
showing change over time
in the relationship between
the output of an industry
and the employee hours
expended on the output for
over 130 industries: most
start in 1958 and go to the
most recent year. Also,
annual Federal Government
productivity indexes
showing the change over
time in the relationship
between the output of the
combined organizations
within a function and the
employee years expended
on that output from 1967 to
1984. Single diskette, $35.
Occupational injury and
illness data— annual
number of work-related
injuries and illnesses or
lost workdays per 100 full­
time employees from 1981
to 1984. Single diskette,
$35.
Make checks or money
orders payable to
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□ $35 □ $288

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Annual

Employment, hours, and earnings

$288
$288

National productivity indexes

H $35 D $196

U.S. export and im port price indexes

Please send_____________ diskette subscription(s) o r __________ single diskette(s)
indicated for a total cost of $ ________________________________________

n $35 n $104

Economic projections to 1995

□ $35

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n

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□ $35

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□ $35

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n

$104

Address

City, State,
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. .

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Regional Offices

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center
Boston. Mass. 02203
Phone: (617) 223-6761

Region IV
1371 Peachtree Street, N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30367
Phone: (404) 347-4418

Regions VII and VIII
911 Walnut Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: (816) 374-2481

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York. N Y. 10036
Phone: (212) 944-3121

Region V
9th Floor
Federal Office Building
230 S. Dearborn Street
Chicago. Ill 60604
Phone: (312) 353-1880

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Avenue
Box 36017
San Francisco. Calif. 94102
Phone: (415) 556-4678

Region III
3535 Market Street
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: (215) 596-1154

Region VI
Federal Building
525 Griffin St., Rm. 221
Dallas. Tex 75202
Phone: (214) 767-6971




U.S Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Wasnington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
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Lab-441


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102