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Occupational injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1976
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1979
Bulletin 2019




Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1976
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Acting Commissioner
April 1979
Bulletin 2019




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402- Price $4.00
Stock Number 029-001-02304-9

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Preface

Data for this publication were collected in accord­
ance with the provisions of the Occupational Safety
and Health Act of 1970. The estimates gauge the oc­
currence of injuries and illnesses resulting from work­
ing conditions over which the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration of the U.S. Department of La­
bor, the Mine Safety and Health Administration of the
U.S. Department of Labor, and the Federal Railroad
Administration of the U.S. Department of Transporta­
tion exercise statutory authority.
The estimates represent the injury and illness expe­
rience of employers in private sector establishments for
the years 1972-76. For each survey, report forms were
mailed to employers in the year following the reference
year of the survey. Data for 1975 may differ from es­
timates previously published for that year due to the
exclusion of farms with fewer than 11 employees and
the retabulation of 1975 estimates using the 1972 Stan­




dard Industrial Classification Manual (SIC) rather than
the 1967 Manual used in prior years.
This bulletin was prepared in the Office of Occupa­
tional Safety and Health Statistics, Theodore J. Golonka, Assistant Commissioner, by the staff of the Di­
vision of Periodic Surveys, under the direction of Wil­
liam Mead. Data were collected and tabulated in the
Office of Statistical Operations with the cooperation of
the Regional Offices of the Bureau of Labor Statistics
and participating State agencies identified in appendix
C. State data on occupational injuries and illnesses will
be released in a separate publication.
Material in this publication is in the public domain
and may be reproduced without permission of the Fed­
eral Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor
Statistics and cite Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in
the United States, by Industry, 1976, Bulletin 2019.

Contents

Page
Total injuries and illnesses......................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates..................................................................................................................................................
Number of injuries and illnesses.....................................................................................................................

2

Illnesses.....................................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates..................................................................................................................................................
Number of illnesses................... ,......................................................................................................................

2
2
2

Injuries.......................................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates....................................................................................................................................
Incidence rate trends since 1972 ...................................................................................................................
Incidence rates by establishment size..............................................................................................................
Number of injuries............................................................................................................................................

3
3
4
4
4

Fatalities...................................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates..................................................................................................................................................
Number of fatalities........................................................................................................................................

5
5
5

Worktime lost...........................................................................................................................................................
Lost workday injury cases...............................................................................................................................
Lost workdays due to injuries...........................................................................................................................
Comparison with time lost from work stoppages.............................................................................................

5
5
7
7

Safety training and medical examinations............................................................................................................

7

Text tables:
1. Industries with highest injury and illness incidence rate, United States, 1976 .................................
2. Industries with highest illness incidence rate, United States, 1976.....................................................
3. Industries with highest rates of skin diseases or disorders, United States, 1976................................
4. Percent distribution of occupational illnesses, by extent of case and illness category, United States,
1976 ......................................
5. Percent distribution of major industry groups (2-digit SIC) and related employment, by percent
change in total injury rate and lost workday injury rate, United States, 1975-76 .....................
6. Occupational injury incidence rates, by extent of case, United States, 1972-76 .............................
7. Industries with highest incidence rate of lost workday injuries, United States, 1976 ......................
8. Percent distribution of injuries involving days away from work and days of restricted work activity
only, by industry division, United States, 1976 ...............................................................................
9. Injuries involving days away from work and days of restricted work activity only, as a percent of
total lost workday injuries, by employment size, United States, 1976..........................................
10. Percent of lost workday injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more days away from work by indus­
try division, United States, 1976........................................................................................................
11. Percent of worktime lost from job-related injuries and illnesses, and percent of days of idleness from
work stoppages, private sector, United States, 1973-76 ...............................................................
12. Provision of safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence rates,
by industry division, United States, 1976 ........................................................................................
13. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Injury and illness incidence rates,
by employment size, United States, 1976 .........................................................................................



IV

1
1

1
2
3
3
4
4
6
6
6
6
7
8
8

C o n ten ts — Continued
Page
Text tables—
Continued
14. Provision of medical examinations: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence rates, by
industry division, United States, 1976 ..............................................................................................
15. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury
and illness incidence rates in industries with the highest total case rates and the highest incidence
rate of lost workdays, United States, 1976 ......................................................................................
Charts:
1. Injury and illness incidence rates by industry division, United States, 1976.....................................
2. Mean and median distribution of total injury and illness incidence rates for10 3-digit SIC indus­
tries with the highest total case rates, United States, 1976 ............................................................
3. Percent distribution of private sector establishments by total injury and illness incidence rate inter­
val and employment-size group, United States, 1976.....................................................................
4. Percent distribution of total illnesses by category of illness, United States, 1976 ...........................
5. Percent change in total injury incidence rates and lost workday injury incidence rates by industry
division, United States, 1975 to 1976 ..............................................................................................
6. Injury incidence rates by type of manufacturing activity, United States, 1976.................................
7. Injury incidence rates by employment-size group, United States, 1976............................................
8. Percent distribution of total injuries by industry division, and within division by extent of case,
United States, 1976 .............................................................................................................................
9. Percent distribution of employment, injuries and injury-related fatalities, by industry division.
United States, 1976 .............................................................................................................................
10. Incidence rates of job-related injury and illness fatalities by industry division, United States, 1975
and 1976 ..............................................................................................................................................
11. Percent of lost workday injuries involving days of restricted work activity only, by industry divi­
sion, United States, 1976 ...................................................................................................................
12. Percent of days away from work injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more days for the 10 3-digit
SIC industries with the highest injury and illness incidence rate of lost workdays, United States,
1976 ......................................................................................................................................................
13. Percent distribution of days away from work injuries and illnesses, and percent of days away from
work injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more days by employment-size group, United States,
1976 .................................................................................................
14. Ranking of the 10 3-digit SIC industries with the highest injury incidence rate of lost workdays,
United States, 1976 ............................

Reference tables:
1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry, United States, 1975 and
1976 ......................................................................................................................................................
2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and employment size,
United States, 1976 .............................................................................
3. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays, private sector, by industry divi­
sion, United States, 1975 and 1976 ....................................................................................................
4. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry, United States, 1976 ..
5. Occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry division and extent of case, United
States, 1976..........................................................................................................................................
6. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and category of illness,
United States, 1976 ............................................................................................................................
7. Distribution of occupational illnesses and lost workdays, private sector, by category of illness and
extent of case, United States, 1976....................................................................................................
8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, United States, 1975 and 1976 .......................
9. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and employment size,
United States, 1975 and 1976 ...........................................................................................................



v

9

10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

22

23
24

25
‘
36
74
75
77
77
78
79
89

C on ten ts — C on tin ued
Page
Reference tables—
Continued
10. Number and percent of occupational injury and illness fatalities, private sector, by industry division,
United States, 1975and 1976..............................................................................................................
11. Occupational injry incidence rates for lost workday cases, private sector, United States, 1975 and
1976......................................................................................................................................................... 90
Appendixes:
A. Scope of survey and technical n o tes............................................................................................................. 91
Tables:
A-l. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational
injuries, private sector, by industry, United States, 1976.......................................................................... 94
A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1976. .'........................................................................................................................... 105
A-3. Relative standard errors for injury and illness fatalities, private sector, by industry division,
United States, 1976............................................................................................................................. 106
B.
C.
D.

OSHA No. 103 report form and instructions.................................................................................................107
State agencies participating in the 1976survey................................................................................................I l l
Glossary of term s.......................................................................................................................................... 112




VI

90

Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses, 1976

manufacturing industries; anthracite mining was the
only nonmanufacturing industry.
Injury and illness incidence rates varied according to
establishment size; lower rates were experienced by
workers in establishments with fewer than 50 or more
than 1,000 employees (table 2). Small-sized establish­
ments (1 to 19 employees) had a rate less than one-third
that for medium-sized establishments (100 to 249 em­
ployees). The pattern of higher rates of injuries and ill­
nesses for medium-sized establishments has remained
constant over the past several years.
Table 2 also includes quartile rates. (Quartile rates
are not subject to the upward bias inherent in the mean
or total case rate-a few reporting units with a high in­
cidence of cases tend to inflate the mean rate.) The
quartile data show that in at least three-fourths of the
establishments in the private sector virtually no injuries
and illnesses occurred during 1976. In manufacturing,
one-half of the establishments had a rate of 0.0, and
one-fourth had a rate greater than or equal to 16.4. In
construction, the industry division with the highest
overall rate, about three-fourths of the establishments
had a rate less than or equal to 5.7. Chart 2 shows the

T o ta l in ju rie s a n d illn e s s e s
Incidence rates

Occupational injuries and illnesses occurred at a rate
of 9.2 per 100 full-time workers during 1976 (table 1);
op the average, 1 out of every 11 workers in the pri­
vate economy was injured or made ill while on the job.
Or, in terms of hours of exposure on the job, 1 injury
or illness was recorded for every 21,700 hours worked.
The estimates represent the experience of 67 million
workers in over 5 million establishments in the private
sector of the American economy. In addition to exclud­
ing self-employed individuals in the private sector, the
1976 estimates (and comparable 1975 data) exclude
farms with fewer than 11 employees.
The 1976 private sector rate represents a slight in­
crease from the 1975 rate of 9.1-about 1 percent. The
incidence rate changed little from 1975 and 1976 be­
cause the increase in the number of employees and num­
ber of hours worked was just about proportionate to
the increase in the number of injuries and illnesses. The
increase in employment and hours worked was about
the same for high-risk industries (agriculture, forestry,
and fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing; and
transportation and public utilities) as for low-risk indus­
tries (wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services).
Rates for the major industry divisions ranged from
15.3 in construction to 2.0 in finance, insurance, and
real estate (chart 1). Injury and illness rates for all the
goods-producing industry divisions (agriculture, forest­
ry, and fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing)
and only one service-producing industry (transporta­
tion and public utilities) were higher than the average
for the private sector. Manufacturing, which employs
nearly one-third of the total private sector work force,
had a rate of 13.2. Rates decreased in three of the eight
industry divisions from 1975 to 1976, increased in four
divisions and stayed the same for one division, mining in­
dustries. Construction industries had the greatest changedown from 15.9 to 15.3 injuries and illnesses per 100
full-time workers.
The meatpacking industry had the highest injury and
illness incidence rate-34.7-or an average of 1 case for
every 3 workers (text table 1). Of the 20 industries with
the highest injury and illness incidence rates, 10 were



Text table 1. Industries with highest injury and illness inci­
dence rates, United States, 1976
SIC
cd d e '
2011
2429
2451
3792
3715
3325
334
11
2452
2077
3321
3732
3316
2083
2086
3261
2291
241
311
3639

Industry
, Meatpacking p la n ts ................................................
'.Special product sawmills, n.e.c...........................
M obile ho m e s ..........................................................
Travel tra ile rs and c a m p e rs .................................
Truck t r a ile r s ..........................................................
Steel foundries, n.e.c..... .....................................
Secondary nonferrous m etals...............................
Anthracite m inin g....................................................
Prefabricated w ood b u ild in g s .............................
• Animal and marine fats and o ils ...........................
Gray iron fo u n d rie s ................................................
B o a tb u ild in g and re p a irin g ..........: .....................
Cold finishing o f steel s h a p e s .............................
M a lt............................................................................
B ottled and canned soft d r in k s ...........................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures.....................................
Felt goods, exce pt woven felts and h a ts ..........
Logging camps and logging c o n tra c to rs ..........
Leather tanning and fin is h in g ...............................
Household appliances, n.e.c.................................

Incidence
rates2
34.7
34.5
32.0
30.3
29.3
28.4
27.5
27.4
27.2
27.1
26.9
26.0
25.9
25.6
25.6
25.6
25.1
25.1
24.4
24.2

'S tandard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses per 100
full-tim e workers. See appendix D.
NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsew here classified.

1

mean and the quartile rates for several industries with
the highest total case rates.
By incidence rate interval, the proportion of estab­
lishments in which virtually no injuries or illnesses oc­
curred varied inversely with establishment size, while
the proportion of establishments with rates between 0.1
and 9.9 varied directly with establishment size (chart
3). Middle-sized establishments had the largest propor­
tion of firms with injury and illness incidence rates of
10.0 and above.

ture, forestry, and fishing (table 5). Manufacturing in­
dustries had the next highest illness rate-5.3 cases per
1.000 employees. Firms engaged in mining and services
activities had the greatest proportion of illness cases re­
sulting in lost worktime (50 percent each); construction
industries had the least (less than 30 percent). The serv­
ices division had the highest illness incidence rate of
lost workdays-a measure of severity which represents
the number of days lost from illnesses per 1,000 full­
time workers. The services rate of 64.8 was nearly 2
1/2 times the rate for the total private sector. This was
largely due to the high incidence of lost workdays in
health services, where the rate was over 6 times the
private sector rate.
Agricultural chemicals, not elsewhere classified, had
the highest rate of occupational illness during 1976—
nearly 4 1/2 times the rate for all industries (text table
2) . All of the 20 industries with the highest illness in­
cidence rates were manufacturing industries. Of these,
14 were durable goods industries.
Of all occupational illnesses, skin diseases and disor­
ders continued to be the most frequently recorded, with
a rate of 1.3 cases per 1,000 full-time workers in 1976
(table 6); leather tanning and finishing had the highest
rate-21.2 cases per 1,000 full-time workers (text table
3) . Dust diseases of the lungs were the least recorded
occupational illness, with a rate of less than 5 cases per
100.000 full-time workers.

Number of injuries and illnesses

There were nearly 5.2 million job-related injuries and
illnesses in 1976-an increase of more than 170,000 or 3
percent from the previous year (table 3). The number
of recorded cases increased in five out of eight indus­
try divisions.
Manufacturing industries accounted for a much larger
percentage of injuries and illnesses than of employment.
Manufacturing and wholesale and retail trade industries
contributed nearly 70 percent of all private sector in­
juries and illnesses.
Illnesses continued to account for a relatively small
proportion of total injury and illness cases-about 3 per­
cent (table 4). In the services division, illnesses consti­
tuted a larger proportion of total cases than in any oth­
er industry division-nearly 5 percent.

illnesses

Number of illnesses

Occupational illnesses include any abnormal condi­
tion or disorder, other than one resulting from an oc­
cupational injury, caused by exposure to environmen­
tal factors associated with employment. The incidence
of occupational illnesses measured by the annual sur­
vey refers to the number of new illness cases occurring
during a year, and does not measure continuing condi­
tions of illness reported in previous surveys. Cases are
recorded only in the year in which they are diagnosed
and recognized as work related.
The recording and reporting of illnesses continue to
present some measurement problems since employers
(and even doctors) are often unable to recognize some
illnesses as being work related. The annual survey in­
cludes data on only current and visible illnesses of work­
ers; it does not include data on illnesses which might
surface later. However, there has been some progress
in identification, and the reporting of recognized ill­
nesses is accurate with the usual sampling
considerations.

Occupational illnesses accounted for approximately
168.000 cases in 1976-up about 3 percent from 1975.
The number of illnesses increased in five out of the
eight industry divisions. Manufacturing industries had
a large proportion of illness cases in relation to employText table 2. Industries with highest illness incidence rates,
United States, 1976
SIC
code1
2879
3484
2842
3675
3769
3676
385
2865
2816
3677
3914
3661
3632
2833
3635
3679
3546
302
3822
3621

Incidence rates

During 1976, the incidence rate of occupational ill­
nesses was 0.3 cases per 100 full-time workers, or about
3 cases per 1,000 employees. Illness rates ranged from
0.7 cases per 1,000 employees in the finance, insurance,
and real estate division to 8 cases per 1,000 in agricul­



Industry

Incidence
rates2

A gricultural chemicals, n.e.c.................................
Small arm s................................................................
Polishes and sanitation g o o d s .............................
E lectronic c a p a c ita to rs .........................................
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c...........................
Electronic re sistors................................................
Ophthalmic g o o d s ..................................................
C yclic crudes and in te rm e d ia te s .......................
Inorganic p ig m e n ts ................................................
E lectronic co ils and transform ers.......................
Silverware and plated w a r e .................................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus...................
Household refrigerators and freezers.................
Medicinals and b o tanicals.....................................
Household vacuum clean ers.................................
E lectronic components, n.e.c...............................
Power driven hand t o o ls .......................................
Rubber and plastics fo o tw e a r.............................
Environmental c o n tro ls ...........................................
M otors and genera tors...........................................

13.2
12.6
12.5
11.8
11.4
11.1
10.9
10.8
10.2
10.2
10.1
9.4
9.3
9.1
8.9
8.98.7
8.6
8.6
7.8

'Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of illnesses per 1,000 full-tim e
workers. See appendix D.
NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

2

Text table 4. Percent distribution of occupational illnesses, by
extent of case and illness category, United States, 1976

Text table 3. Industries with highest incidence rates of skin dis­
eases or disorders, United States, 1976
SIC
code1
311
2016
2891
3732
2092
2017
3291
2063
385
2842
2899
3471
3451
3675
2843
3949
3769
2034
3677
3691

Industry
Leather tanning and fin is h in g ...............................
Poultry dressing p la n ts ........................................
Adhesives and s e a la n ts ........................................
Boat building and re pairin g...................................
Fresh or frozen packaged fis h .............................
Poultry and egg p ro c e s s in g .................................
Abrasive p ro d u c ts ..................................................
Beet s u g a r............................................ ...................
Ophthalmic g o o d s ..................................................
Polishes and sanitation g o o d s .............................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c................................
Plating and polishing ............................................
Screw machine p ro d u c ts ......................................
Electronic c a p a c ita to rs ........................................
Surface active agents............................................
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c......................
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c............. .............
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups.................
Electronic c o ils and transform ers.......................
Storage ba tte rie s....................................................

Incidence
rates2
Illness category

21.2
16.4
12.6
11.1
10.6
10.2
9.3
9.0
8.5
8.4
8.3
8.3
8.2
8.2
8.1
8.1
8.0
7.7
7.7
7.5

Total illn e s s e s ............
Skin diseases or d is o rd e rs ..
Dust diseases of the lungs ..
Respiratory conditions due to
toxic a g e n ts .....................
P oisoning.................................
D isord ers due to ph ysica l
a g e n ts ...............................
D isord ers asso cia te d w ith
repeated tra u m a ..............
All oth er occu p a tio n a l illn e sse s...............................

Nonfatal
ill­
nesses
without
lost
w orkdays

100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
(*)
.1

36.2
24.1
33.3

63.7
75.9
66.6

100.0
100.0

.2
.4

41.6
41.3

58.2
58.3

100.0

(*)

27.4

72.6

100.0

(*)

57.7

42.3

100.0

.7

53.0

46.3

NOTE: Asterisks indicate a percent of less than .05.

percent of the recorded cases were serious enough to
require the injured employee to be restricted in work
activity or to take days off from work. Rates ranged
from 14.9 in construction to 1.9 in finance, insurance,
and real estate.
The 1976 injury rate represented a slight increaseabout 1 percent-from the rate of 8.8 in 1975. This in­
crease was primarily in cases involving lost worktime,
which rose from a rate of 3.2 to 3.4. Changes in over­
all rates ranged from an increase of about 5 percent in
agriculture, forestry, and fishing to a decrease of near­
ly 10 percent in finance, insurance, and real estate. Four
industry divisions registered increases, three divisions
registered decreases, and one had no change. Rates for
goods-producing industries (agriculture, forestry, and
fishing; mining; construction; and manufacturing) and
service-producing industries (transportation and public
utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and services) remained at their 1975
levels of 12.8 and 6.3, respectively (chart 5).
Injury rates in construction-the industry division with
the highest rates in the past-declined around 5 percent,
from 15.6 to 14.9 injuries per 100 full-time workers.
Construction was the only industry division in which
the overall rates dropped for all major industry groups.
General building contractors had the greatest decreasedown 7 percent from 1975.
The overall injury rate for manufacturing industries,
the largest industry division, rose less than 1 percent
between 1975 and 1976. The rate for durable goods in­
dustries decreased by less than 1 percent, while the rate
for nondurable goods industries increased by nearly 4
percent. Of the industries with rates above the average
for manufacturing, three were in nondurable goods man­
ufacturing (food and kindred products, paper and allied
products, and rubber and miscellaneous plastics) and
six were in durable goods manufacturing (chart 6).
Thirteen major industry groups in manufacturing had
increases in rates from 1975 to 1976, five had decreases,
and two had no change. Changes in rates ranged from

'S tandard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of skin diseases or disorders
per 1,000 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.
NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

ment-nearly 60 percent of all illnesses and less than 30
percent of all employment. In addition, the number of
workdays lost due to illness increased-the number of
days lost rose by more than 600,000, or 70 percent from
1975. The health services industry accounted for a large
proportion of this increase, with the number of days
lost increasing by over 550,000.
Skin diseases and disorders continued to account for
about 4 of every 10 illnesses recorded, largely because
they were more readily observable than other illnesses
(chart 4). These cases, generally the less serious occu­
pational illnesses, had the smallest proportion of illnesses
involving lost worktime (text table 4). On the other
hand, disorders associated with repeated trauma caused
the greatest loss of worktime, and dust diseases of the
lungs had the h ighest average num ber of lost w ork days
per lost workday case (table 7). Cases involving poi­
soning accounted for the largest number of illness
fatalities.

Injuries
Occupational injuries included injuries caused by
work accidents or from exposure involving a single in­
cident in the work environment. These were recorded
if they resulted in death, worktime lost, medical treat­
ment other than minor first aid, loss of consciousness,
restriction of work or motion, transfer to another job,
or termination of employment.
Incidence rates

Occupational injuries occurred at a rate of 8.9 re­
corded cases per 100 full-time workers during 1976 (ta­
ble 8); on the average, an injury ocurred to 1 out of
every 12 workers in the private sector. Less than 40



Fatali­
ties

Lost
w orkday
ill­
nesses

Total
ill­
nesses

3

Text table 5. Percent distribution of major industry groups (2-digit SIC) and related employment, by percent change in total injury
rate and lost workday injury rate, United States, 1975-76
Total injury rate
Percent
change

Increase
Industry
Employment
groups

Lost w orkday injury rate

Decrease
Industry
Employment
groups

Increase
Industry
Employment
groups

Decrease
Industry
Employment
groups

T o ta l.......................................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1 - 5 ......................................................
6 -1 1 ....................................................
1 2 - 1 7 ................................................
1 8 - 2 3 ................................................
24 o r m ore.........................................

41.4
20.7
20.7
17.2
—

48.0
26.4
16.1
9.5
—

35.3
38.2
14.7
11.8
—

38.3
39.9
14.4
7.4
—

30.2
27.9
25.6
7.0
9.3

35.4
28.8
27.8
5.0
3.0

38.9
33.3
11.1
5.6
11.1

44.1
40.0
1.2
3.5
11.2

NOTE: Four industry groups showed no change in the total case rate; 6 showed no change in the lost workday case rate. Dashes indicate that
no industry groups were in this category.

a decrease of nearly 11 percent in petroleum and coal
products to an increase of around 12 percent in appar­
el and other textile products. Over 70 percent of the
manufacturing industries with changes in rates had
changes of less than 5 percent. Lumber and wood prod­
ucts continued to have the highest injury rates-21.7;
apparel and other textile products had the lowest-6.5.
Nearly 75 percent of the industry groups experiencing
decreases in overall rates had declines of less than 12
percent (text table 5); almost 40 percent of the decreases
ranged from 6 to 11 percent. Between 1975 and 1976
establishments with increases in the rates experienced
greater percent changes than establishments with de­
creases in rates. Changes in lost workday injury rates
were generally greater than those for total case rates.

same in firms with 1,000 or more employees. The great­
est percent change occurred in the smallest establish­
ments, where the rate dropped more than 9 percent.
Number of injuries

During 1976, private sector workers experienced
nearly 5.0 million work-related injuries. Over 1.9 mil­
lion or 38 percent of these resulted in lost worktime,
and less than 1 percent resulted in death. The propor­
tion of injuries involving either lost workdays or fatal­
ities ranged between 36 and 38 percent of total injuries
in 5 of the 8 industry divisions (chart 8). In agriculture,
forestry, and fishing; mining; and transportation and
public utilities, these cases amounted to 44 percent, 53
percent, and 51 percent, respectively.
Manufacturing industries experienced 2.3 million or
over 45 percent of all injuries while accounting for
nearly 30 percent of all employment during 1976 (chart
9). Wholesale and retail trade industries, the second
largest industry division, contributed over 20 percent
of all private sector injuries. Of these, about 32 percent
were attributable to wholesale trade establishments as
compared to 68 percent for retail trade. However,
wholesale trade industries had higher levels of injuries
in relation to employment than retail trade industries.
Construction industries experienced over 9 percent of

Incidence rate trends since 1972

Between 1972 and 1976, the total case incidence rate
for all industries dropped by more than 15 percentdown from 10.5 to 8.9 injuries per 100 full-time work­
ers (text table 6). This decrease occurred primarily in
the less serious c a ses-th o se in vo lv in g no loss of w orktime-which dropped by nearly 25 percent. However,
the rate for lost workday injuries rose 6 percent; the
severity of injuries as measured by the lost workday
incidence rate also increased, from 46.3 days lost per
100 full-time workers to 57.8 during the same 5-year
period.

Text table 6. Occupational injury incidence rates, by extent of
case, United States, 1972-76

Incidence rates by establishment size

In the total private sector, lower injury rates were
generally experienced by workers in establishments with
fewer than 20 or more than 2,500 employees (chart 7).
Establishments with 50 to 1,000 employees generally
experienced higher injury rates in 1976, with the high­
est rate occurring in those with 100 to 249 employees.
Rates for mining, construction, and transportation and
public utilities industries were highest in establishments
with 50 to 99 employees (table 9). Injury rates in agri­
culture, forestry, and fishing generally rose with estab­
lishment size.
Between 1975 and 1976, incidence rates increased in
five employment-size groups but decreased in the small­
est establishments (1 to 19 employees) and remained the



Incidence rates'

Year

1972
1973
1974
1975
1976

.............
.............
.............
.............
..............

Total
injuries

Lost
w orkday
injuries

Nonfatal
injuries
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
w orkdays

10.5
10.6
10.0
8.8
8.9

3.2
3.3
3.4
3.2
3.4

7.3
7.3
6.6
5.6
5.5

46.3
51.2
53.1
54.6
57.8

'Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and lost workdays
per 100 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.
NOTE: Estimates for 1972 exclude data for agricultural production,
coal and lignite mining, metal and nonmetal mining, and railroad transporta­
tion. Separate injury detail for all of mining, except oil and gas extraction,
was not available for 1973. Data for 1975 and 1976 exclude farms with
fewer than 11 employees.

4

total private sector injuries-more than 50 percent high­
er than the proportion of total employment in these
industries.
The 1976 private sector level of nearly 5 million in­
juries represents an increase of nearly 4 percent from
the 4.8 million injuries recorded for 1975. However, as
stated earlier, the increase of nearly 170,000 cases was
directly proportionate to the rise in hours worked be­
tween the 2 years.
Fatalities

ly in five industry divisions, increased in services, and
remained the same in manufacturing and in agriculture,
forestry, and fishing.

W orktim e lost
Two measures are currently used as estimates of
worktime lost: (1) Lost workday cases primarily meas­
ure the occurrence of injuries, and (2) days lost which
indicate the severity of the cases. Lost worktime includes
both days away from work and days o f restricted work
activity.
Lost workday cases involving days away from work in­
clude those cases which result in days away from work,
or a combination of days away from work and days of
restricted work activity. Lost workday cases involving re­
stricted work activity are cases resulting in restricted
work activity only-the employee reported to work but
could not perform all the duties of the job.

Incidence rates

During 1976, job-related fatalities occurred in the pri­
vate sector at a rate of 0.08 per 100 full-time workers
(chart 10); on the average, 1 out of every 12,500 work­
ers suffered a job-related injury or illness that resulted
in death.
Rates ranged from 0.49 in mining industries to 0.01
in finance, insurance, and real estate. As in past years,
fatality rates in mining; agriculture, forestry, and fish­
ing; construction; and transportation and public utilities
were higher than in the other industry divisions. In
1976, the mining fatality rate was over 6 times the av­
erage rate for all industries.
The overall incidence of job-related fatalities dropped
by more than 11 percent from 1975 to 1976. Fatality
rates decreased in 6 of the 8 industry divisions; only
agriculture, forestry, and fishing, and services experi­
enced increases. Large percentage decreases occurred
in wholesale and retail trade (50 percent) and finance,
insurance, and real estate (67 percent)-industries which
historically have low fatality rates. Mining, the indus­
try with the highest fatality rate in the past, decreased
about 21 percent.

Lost workday injury cases

Incidence rates. Lost workday injuries occurred at a
rate of 3.4 per 100 full-time workers during 1976— 6
up
percent from the previous year (table 11). The private
sector lost workday injury rates have varied little since
1972, when the rate was 3.2. The rate for injury cases in­
volving days away from work was 3.2, while the rate for
cases involving restricted work activity was only 0.2.
Total lost workday injury rates ranged from 5.7 in
mining industries to 0.7 in finance, insurance, and real
estate, and services. The greatest percentage change
occurred in wholesale and retail trade industries-up 8
percent from 1975.
Special product sawmills and meatpacking plants
ranked first and second among the 20 industries with
the highest lost workday injury rates (text table 7).
These industries were also the two industries with the
highest overall injury and illness incidence rates. Twelve
of the 20 industries with the highest lost workday in­
jury rates also ranked among the 20 industries with the
highest total case rates.
Lost workday injury incidence rates have paralleled
the variation in total case rates by employment-size
group over the past several years. Employers with few­
er than 50 or more than 1,000 workers generally expe­
rienced the highest injury rates.

Number of fatalities

Approximately 4,500 work injuries and illnesses re­
sulted in death in 1976 (table 10). This represents all
deaths resulting from an occupational injury or illness
that occurred in 1976, regardless of the length of time
between the injury and death or the length of the ill­
ness resulting in death. Of these, 4,200 or about 93 per­
cent were injury related.
Among industry divisions, manufacturing industries
had the largest number of fatalities during 1976-1,100.
However, the proportion of fatalities occurring in this
division was still lower than the proportion of total em­
ployment in manufacturing. Mining fatalities, on the
other hand, were more than 7 times its proportionate
share of total employment; construction was more than
3 times that industry divisions share of employment.
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing; mining; construction;
and transportation and public utilities accounted for
nearly 50 percent of all fatalities and only about 15 per­
cent of employment.
In 1976, there were about 700 fewer deaths than in
1975, a decline of 14 percent. Fatalities dropped sharp­



Number o f lost workday injury cases. There were 1.9
million injuries involving lost worktime in 1976— nearly
up
150,000 cases or 8 percent from 1975. The number of lost
workday cases increased in 5 of the 8 industry divisions.
Manufacturing industries acccounted for nearly 45 per­
cent of the total number of lost workday cases and about
65 percent of the increase in the number of cases in 1976.
Wholesale and retail trade industries contributed the second
highest number of cases—
over 400,000 or about 21 per­
cent—
with 65 percent of these injuries from retail trade.
5

lost workday cases involving 15 or more days away
from work was 35 percent. The percentage of daysaway-from-work cases involving 15 days or more
ranged from 63 percent in water transportation serv­
ices to 24 percent in sanitary services (chart 12).

Text table 7. Industries with highest incidence rates of lost
workday injuries, United States, 1976
Industry

Incidence
rates2

Special product s a w m ills .....................................
Meatpacking p la n ts ................................................
Logging camps and logging c o n tra c to rs ..........
Animal and marine fats and o ils ...........................
Secondary nonferrous m etals...............................
Sanitary s e rv ic e s ....................................................
Beet s u g a r................................................................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures....................................
M obile ho m es..........................................................
W ater transportation s e rv ic e s .............................
Steel foundries, n.e.c.............................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c.............................
Anthracite m inin g....................................................
Ship building and re p a irin g ...................................
Leather tanning and fin is h in g ...............................
Iron and steel fo rg in g s ..........................................
Storage b a tte rie s ....................................................
B ottled and canned soft d r in k s ...........................
Gray iron fo u n d rie s ................................................
Truck tr a ile r s ..........................................................

18.6
15.8
14.0
13.2
12.9
12.9
12.5
12.3
12.1
11.9
11.5
11.4
11.1
11.1
10.8
10.8
10.8
10.6
10.6
10.4

SIC
code1
2429
2011
241
2077
334
495
2063
3261
2451
446
3325
3259
11
3731
311
3462
3691
2086
3321
3715

Text table 8. Percent distribution of injuries involving days
away from work and days of restricted work activity only, by in­
dustry division, United States, 1976

Industry division

Private s e c to r...........................
Manufacturing.......................................
W holesale and retail tra d e ................
S ervices.................................................
Transportation and public u tilitie s ..
C o nstruction.........................................
M ining....................................................
A griculture, forestry, and fis h in g .. . .
Finance, insurance, and real estate .

'S tandard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of lost w orkday injuries per 100
full-tim e workers. See appendix D.
NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

Approximately 95 percent of all lost worktime inju­
ries involved at least 1 full day away from work. The
remaining 5 percent involved restricted work activity
only. The proportion of cases involving days of restrict­
ed work activity only ranged from slightly more than
1 percent in construction industries to 8 percent in man­
ufacturing (chart 11). Manufacturing accounted for over
40 percent of all private sector injuries involving days
away from work and nearly 70 percent of all injuries
involving restricted work activity only (text table 8).
Wholesale and retail trade, the industry with the sec­
ond highest percentage of injuries causing days away
from work, had less than 6 percent of the cases involv­
ing only restricted work activity. The proportion of
lost worktime injuries involving only restricted work
activity varied directly with establishment size, account­
ing for nearly 2 percent of all lost worktime cases in
the 1 to 19 employee-size group, and about 27 percent
of the cases in establishments with 2,500 employees and
over (text table 9).
According to another measure of lost worktime-the
number of injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more
days away from work-the mining division experienced
the most severe lost workday cases (text table 10). In
mining, nearly 34 percent of the days-away-from-work
cases lasted 15 days or longer-around 20 percent high­
er than the average for the private sector as a whole.
The other industry divisions in which more than 30
percent of the cases involved absences of at least 15
workdays were transportation and public utilities (32
percent) and construction (31 percent).
Among the 10 industries with the highest injury and
illness rate of lost workdays, the average proportion of



Injuries
involving
days away
from work

Injuries
involving
days of
re stricted
work
activity
only

100.0

100.0

42.4
21.8
11.2
10.6
8.8
2.3
1.5
1.4

69.3
5.6
3.2
16.7
2.1
1.8
.5
.7

Text table 9. Injuries involving days away from work and days
of restricted work activity only, as a percent of total lost workday
injuries, by employment size, United States, 1976
Injuries
involving
days of
re stricted
w ork a ctivity
only

Total
lost
w orkday
injuries

Injuries
involving
days away
from work

Total all sizes

100.0

95.0

5.0

1 to 1 9 .................
20 to 4 9 .............
50 to 9 9 ..............
100 to 2 4 9 ..........
250 to 4 9 9 ..........
500 to 9 9 9 ..........
1,000 to 2,499 ..
2,500 and over ..

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

98.2
98.8
98.9
97.5
96.3
94.1
88.7
72.9

1.8
1.2
1.1
2.5
3.7
5.9
11.3
27.1

Employment size

Text table 10. Percent of lost workday injuries and illnesses in­
volving 15 or more days away from work, by industry division,
United States, 1976
Industry division

Percent

Private s e c to r............................................................
M inin g.....................................................................................
Transportation and public u tilitie s ...................................
C o n stru ctio n ..........................................................................
S e rvice s..................................................................................
M anufacturing........................................................................
Agriculture, forestry, and fis h in g .......................................
W holesale and retail tra d e ................................................
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te .................................

6

27.8
33.6
31.5
31.3
28.1
27.7
24.7
24.7
23.2

Although the greatest proportion of lost workday
cases occurred in middle-sized establishments, injuries
and illnesses resulting in 15 or more days away from
work were most common in the smallest and largest
establishments (chart 13).

Text table 11. Percent of worktime lost from job-related injuries
and illnesses, and percent of days of idleness from work stop­
pages, private sector, United States, 1973-76
Year
1973
1974
1975
1976

Lost workdays due to injuries

Incidence rates. The incidence rate of lost workdays
provides an indication of the severity of injuries by relating
the number of days lost to a common base of exposure on
the job. During 1976, the incidence rate of lost workdays
increased 6 percent over the previous year-from 54.6
to 57.8 days lost per 100 full-time workers. The inci­
dence rate of lost workdays rose in all industry divisions-from 2 percent in services to 19 percent in agri­
culture, forestry, and fishing. Lost workday incidence
rates ranged from 11.0 in finance, insurance, and real
estate to 113.9 in mining.
Over 75 percent of the 2-digit SIC industries experi­
enced increases in the incidence rate of lost workdays.
In manufacturing, 19 out of the 20 industries showed
increases. Water transportation services registered the
highest incidence rate of lost workdays during 1976—
nearly 8 times the rate of the total private sector (chart
14). However, the industry’s 1976 rate of 452.6 repre­
sents a 9-percent decrease from the 1975 rate of 496.1.

.18
.22
.19
.20

Work
stoppages
.16
.28
.15
.23

Safety training and medical examinations
Following the pattern of 1975, almost 2 out of 3 pri­
vate sector employers had no established safety and
health training program. However, those firms that did
have programs employed nearly 70 percent of the to­
tal private sector work force (text table 12). In three
major industry groups-agriculture, forestry, and fish­
ing; manufacturing; and transportation and public util­
ities—
more than 50 percent of the employers maintained
some form of safety program. About 4 out of 5 em­
ployees in manufacturing and transportation and pub­
lic utilities were covered. The smallest percentage of
employees provided safety and health programs were
employed in finance, insurance, and real estate where
only 1 out of 3 employees worked where safety train­
ing was available. The incidence rate of injuries and
illnesses in 1976 was higher for those establishments
which had safety and health programs than for those
that did not provide them -11.1 versus 5.1 cases per 100
full-time workers.
By employment size, both groups-those with no safe­
ty program and those with an established one-exhibited the same pattern in incidence rates (text table 13).
The lower rates occurred in both the smallest and largest
units while the highest rates were in the middle em­
ployment level, the 100 to 249 employee group. Over
40 percent of the employment in establishments not pro­
viding safety training was reported in units having few­
er than 20 workers, while about 20 percent of all em­
ployees worked in units having from 20 to 49 persons.
On the other hand, about two-thirds of the employees
in firms providing safety programs worked in units of
100 or more people.
There was an inverse relationship between the oc­
currence, of occupational injuries and illnesses and the
degree of physical medical examinations provided by
employers in the industry as a whole. Although approx­
imately 55 percent of all employees worked in units not
providing any type of medical examination, the rate of
occurrence of injuries and illnesses, 7.9, was much low­
er for them than for the group working for employers
providing such examinations, 10.9 (text table 14).
By industry division, almost 80 percent of the em­
ployees in transportation and public utilities were pro­
vided medical exams, yet the injury and illness rate for

Number o f lost workdays. During 1976, approximately
32.5 million workdays were lost due to job-related injuries.
This represents the loss of a full year’s work for about
130,000 workers and a 9-percent increase from the 29.8
million workdays lost in 1975. The number of workdays
lost increased in all industry divisions, with the exception
of services, which declined 5 percent. The wholesale and
retail trade industries had the greatest percentage changeup 12 percent.
There was an average of 17 lost workdays per lost
workday injury in the private sector for 1976. This av­
erage measures the length of time (not counting the day
of injury) the employee was away from work or could
not perform all regularly assigned duties because of a
job-related injury. Average days lost ranged from 20
in mining industries to 15 in wholesale and retail trade.
Comparison with time lost from work stoppages

During 1976, the percentage of total worktime lost
in the private sector from job-related injuries and ill­
nesses was lower than the percentage lost due to work
stoppages. Work stoppages data reflect the number of
workdays employees did not work because of a dispute
between labor and management which resulted in a
strike or lockout. Work related injuries and illnesses
have accounted for more days lost than work stoppages
in 2 out of the last 4 years (text table 11).



...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................

Injuries
and
illnesses

7

Text table 12. Provision of safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence rates, by industry division,
United States, 1976
Percent
of
em ployees

Industry division

Industry division

Percent
of
em ployees

Transportation and public u tilitie s .....................

Incidence
rate'

100.0

9.8

85.3

9.8

14.7

7.4

100.0

8.1

61.5

10.0

38.5

5.1

100.0

7.2

100.0

W holesale tra d e .....................................................

13.3

39.1

7.8

Establishments providing safety
training progra m s.......................................
Establishments not providing safety
training progra m s.......................................

100.0

15.3

Retail tr a d e ............................................................

68.4

17.5

31.6

C o n s tru c tio n ..............................................

11.0

60.9

Establishments providing safety
training program s...........................
Establishments not providing safety
training program s...........................

5.1

Establishments providing safety
training program s.......................................
Establishments not providing safety
training progra m s.......................................

100 0

A griculture, forestry, and fishing2 ..........

11.1

31.1

Establishments providing safety
training program s...........................
Establishments not providing safety
training program s...........................

9.2

68.9

Total private s e c to r2..................

Incidence
rate'

40.3

4.4

13.2

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te .................

100.0

2.0

13.4

36.7

2.5

14.2

Establishments providing safety
training program s...........................
Establishments not providing safety
training program s...........................

9.3

85.8

M a nufa cturing............................................

59.7

10.6

Establishments providing safety
training progra m s.......................................
Establishments not providing safety
training progra m s.......................................

100.0

Establishments providing safety
training progra m s...........................
Establishments not providing safety
training progra m s...........................

11.2

63.3

1.6

100.0

5.3

59.9

7.7

40.1

2.3

Establishments providing safety
training program s.......................................
Establishments not providing safety
training program s.......................................
S e rv ic e s ..................................................................
Establishments providing safety
training program s.......................................
Establishments not providing safety
training program s.......................................

'Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses per 100
full-tim e workers. See appendix D.
E x c lu d e s farms w ith fewer than 11 employees.

tail trade industries provided medical examinations to
the lowest porportion of employees-19 percent.
The larger the firm, the more likely that medical ex­
aminations will be provided to the employees. In the
smallest size group (1 to 19 employees), only 11 per­
cent of the employees worked for companies providing
medical examinations, while in establishments which
employed 2,500 workers or more, 94 percent provided
coverage. In establishments having 250 people or more,
better than half of all workers were provided with some
type of employer-furnished medical examination. Only
in the very large units with over 1,000 workers was the
incidence rate less for firms which provided medical
examinations than for those which did not.
Among the 12 industries with the highest injury and
illness incidence rates and the highest incidence rates
of lost workdays, three-fourths of the employees worked
in establishments providing medical examinations, and
virtually all employees were provided safety and health
training programs (text table 15). Incidence rates were
generally higher in establishments providing these
services.

Text table 13. Provision of medical examinations and safety
training programs: Injury and illness incidence rates, by employ­
ment size, United States, 1976
Safety
training

Medical
examinations
Employment
size

Provided

Not
provided

Provided

Not
provided

Total all s iz e s ............

10.9

7.9

11.1

5.1

1 to 1 9 .......................
20 to 4 9 .....................
50 to 9 9 .....................
100 to 249 ...............
250 to 499 ................
500 to 999 ...............
1,000 to 2 ,4 9 9 ..........
2,500 and o v e r..........

6.9
11.2
13.9
14.2
13.0
10.9
8.9
7.6

3.7
8.4
10.4
11.9
11.4
10.7
10.4
7.9

6.5
11.4
13.6
14.6
13.3
11.3
9.3
7.7

2.5
5.9
7.3
8.3
7.8
6.8
5.9
3.6

NOTE: Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses
per 100 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.

this group, 9.7, exceeded the rate of 8.6 for the remain­
der of the industry. Only in manufacturing, where em­
ployers provided exams to 68 percent of their employ­
ees, was the rate of occurrence of injuries and illnesses
lower for establishments providing medical exams. Re­




8

Text table 14. Provision of medical examinations: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence rates, by industry division,
United States, 1976
Industry division
Total private s e c to r2.............................
Establishments providing medical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing medical
exam inations...............................................
A griculture, forestry, and fishing2 .....................

Percent
of
em ployees

Industry division

100.0

9.2

45.0

10.9

55.0

100.0

9.8

Incidence
rate'

78.5

9.7

7.9

Establishments providing m edical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................

21.5

8.6

100.0

11.0

W holesale tra d e ....................................................

100.0

8.1

Establishments providing m edical
exam inations..............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................

14.9

16.6

85.1

C o n s tru c tio n ..........................................................

37.6

10.2

10.1

Establishments providing medical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing medical
exam inations...............................................

62.4

6.9

100.0

15.3

Retail tr a d e ............................................................

100.0

7.2

18.7

10.9

15.2

Establishments providing medical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing medical
exam inations...............................................

81.3

6.5

100.0

13.2

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te .................

100.0

2.0

68.5

13.0

31.5

13.4

Establishments providing medical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................

13.3

16.7

86.7

M anufacturing........................................................
Establishments providing medical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................

Percent
of
em ployees

Transportation and public u tilitie s .....................

Incidence
ra te 1

Establishments providing m edical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................

35.3

2.2

64.7

1.7

S e rv ic e s ..................................................................

100.0

Establishments providing m edical
exam inations...............................................
Establishments not providing m edical
exam inations...............................................
’ Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses per 100
full-tim e workers. See appendix D.




E x c lu d e s farms w ith few er than 11 em ployees,

9

5.3

39.0

7.9

61.0

4.0

Text table 15. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence
rates in industries with the highest total case rates and the highest incidence rate of lost workdays, United States, 1976
Industry’

SIC
co d e 2

M edical examinations
Percent
Incidence
of
rate3
em ployees

Safety training programs
Percent
Incidence
of
rate3
em ployees

Meatpacking p la n ts ........................................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

2011

100.0
73.3
26.7

34.7
34.3
36.4

100.0
84.8
15.2

34.7
34.6
36.1

Animal and marine fats and o i l s ...................................................................................
Programs p r o v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

2077

100.0
61.4
38.6

27.1
28.3
24.5

100.0
87.1
12.9

27.1
26.6
22.6

B ottled and canned soft d r in k s ...................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ........................................................................................... ,

2086

100.0
55.3
44.7

25.6
28.1
22.5

100.0
82.3
17.7

25.6
26.6
21.2

Logging camps and logging c o n tra c to rs ..................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

241

100.0
29.3
70.7

25.1
20.8
27.1

100.0
64.8
35.2

25.1
26.7
21.8

Special product sawmills, n.e.c....................................................................................
Programs p r o v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

2429

100.0
15.8
84.2

34.5
32.4
35.0

100.0
60.1
39.9

34.5
37.1
30.3

M obile h o m e s ..................................................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

2451

100.0
34.8
65.2

32.0
33.7
31.1

100.0
88.4
11.6

32.0
31.9
32.6

Leather tanning and finishing .......................................................................................
Programs p r o v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

311

100.0
62.0
38.0

24.4
26.0
21.7

100.0
80.9
19.1

24.4
25.7
19.4

Vitreous plumbing fix tu re s .............................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

3261

100.0
96.9
3.1

25.6
25.9
12.6

100.0
97.9
2.1

25.6
25.8
14.1

Gray iron fo u n d rie s ........................................................................................................
Programs p r o v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

3321

100.0
91.2
8.8

26.9
26.0
36.0

100.0
94.5
5.5

26.9
25.8
41.5

Steel foundries, n.e.c......................................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

3325

100.0
92.2
7.8

28.4
28.0
36.0

100.0
95.3
4.7

28.4
28.8
27.0

Secondary nonferrous m e ta ls .......................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

3341

100.0
90.8
9.2

27.5
27.8
23.5

100.0
95.8
4.2

27.5
27.5
25.4

Truck tra ile rs ....................................................................................................................
Programs p ro v id e d .................................................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ...........................................................................................

3715

100.0
77.5
2.3

29.3
30.2
26.5

100.0
92.0
8.0

29.3
29.5
27.2

'Data are not available for anthracite mining (SIC 11) which was among
the 20 industries with the highest overall rates and the highest incidence
rate of lost workdays.




2Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC). 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of total injuries and illnesses
per 100 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.

10

Chart 1
INJURY AND ILLNESS incidence
rates by industry division, United
States, 1976




11

Chart 2
Mean and median distribution of
total IN JU RY A ND ILLNESS inci­
dence rates for 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest total
case rates, United States, 1976

Industry

Wood buildings and
mobile homes (SIC 245)

30.6

Meat products
(SIC 201)

28.6

27.6

13.4

Miscellaneous transportation
equipment (SIC 379)

27.5

Secondary nonferrous
metals (SIC 334)

H H H ||
27.4

Anthracite mining
(SIC 111)

Lo g g in g cam ps and logging

0.0

10.0

0.0

7.2

Sanitary services
(SIC 495)

23.5

0.0

Ship and boat building and
repairing (SIC 373)

•

23.9

20.0

27.3

Leather tanning and
finishing (SIC 311)

24.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

Mean incidence rate




■

14.3

contractors (SIC 241)

25.1

30.0

11.4

(B il
mm

Iron and steel
foundries (SIC 332)

26.9

40.0

19.6

10.0

20.0

30.0

Median incidence rate

12

4 0.0

Chart 3
Percent distribution of private sec­
tor establishments by total IN JU RY
A ND ILLNESS incidence rate in­
terval and employment-size group,
United States, 1976

Employment-size
group

1-19

1.6

20-49
2.0

50-99
2.3

100-249

2.2

250-499

1.2

500-999

.8

.5

2,500 and
over

Percent

.1

0

20

40

60

80

100

♦Less than 0.05 percent.
Incidence rate intervals (injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers).

0.0

I 0.1-9.9

10.0-19.9

1111

20.0-49.9

50.0+

NOTE: A rate of 0.0 implies that no case of an injury or illness was reported for 1976 or, if recordable cases occurred, they
were insignificant in terms of the exposure hours as the rate calculated was less than .05 per 100 full-time workers.




13

Chart 4
Percent distribution of total
ILLNESSES by category of illness,
United States, 1976




14

Chart 5
Percent change in total INJURY
incidence rates and lost workday
IN JU RY incidence rates by industry
division, United States, 1975 to
1976

Percent change

Private Agriculture,
sector forestry,
and
fishing

Mining

Construetion

Manufacturing

Percent change in total injury
incidence rate

■

(




15

Trans­
portation
and
public
utilities

Whole­
sale
and
retail
trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Percent change in lost workday
injury incidence rate

Chart 6
IN JU RY incidence rates by type of
manufacturing activity, United
States, 1976

Industry
Total manu­
facturing

Total injuries
Apparel and other
textile products (SIC 23)

Nonfatal injuries
without lost
workdays, and
fatalities

Instruments and
related products (SIC 38)
Printing and
publishing (SIC 27)
Chemicals and
allied products (SIC 28)
Petroleum and coal
products (SIC 29)
Electric and
electronic equipment (SIC 36)
Tobacco
manufactures (SIC 21)
Textile mill
products (SIC 22)
Leather and leather
products (SIC 31)
Miscellaneous manu­
facturing industries (SIC 39)
Transportation
equipment (SIC 37)
Paper and allied
products (SIC 26)
Machinery, except
electrical (SIC 35)
Stone, clay, and
glass products (SIC 32)
Primary metal
industries (SIC 33)
Rubber and miscellaneous
plastics products (SIC 30)
Furniture and
fixtures (SIC 25)
Fabricated metal
products (SIC 34)
Food and kindred
products (SIC 20)
Lumber and
wood products (SIC 24)

Incidence rate per
100 full-time workers




0

5.0

10.0

16

15.0

20.0

25.0

Chart 7
IN JU RY incidence rates by em­
ployment-size group, United States,
1976

Incidence rate per 100 full-time workers

20.0 -----------------------------------------

16.0

12.0

1-19




20-49

50-99

100-249

250-499

Employment-size group

17

500-999

1,000-2,499

2,500
and over

Chart 8
Percent distribution of total
IN JU RIES by industry division,
and within division by extent of
case, United States, 1976

Mining

Injury fatalities




Percent of
private sector injuries

| Nonfatal injuries without
lost workdays

18

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing

Lost workday injuries

Chart 9
Percent distribution of em ploy­
ment, INJURIES, and IN JU RYRELATED fatalities by industry
division, United States, 1976

Percent of private sector

5 0 ------------------------

40
Employment
Injuries
Injury fatalities
30

20

10

0
Manufacturing

Wholesale
and retail
trade




Services

Transportation
and public
utilities

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

19

Construction

Agriculture,
forestry, and
fishing

Mining

Chart 10
Incidence rates of job-related IN ­
JURY A ND ILLNESS fatalities by
industry division, United States,
1975 and 1976

Fatality rate per 1,000 full-time workers
.80

.62
.60

.40

.20

0

Private
sector




Mining

Agriculture, Construe- Transpor- Manufacforestry, and tion
tation
turing
fishing
and public
utilities

20

Services

Wholesale Finance,
and
insurance,
retail trade and real
estate

Chart 11
Percent of lost workday IN JU RIES
involving days of restricted work
activity only, by industry division,
United States, 1976

Private
sector

Construction




Wholesale
and retail
trade

Services

Agriculture,
Finance,
forestry, and insurance,
fishing
and real
estate

21

Mining

Transportation Manufacturing
and public
utilities

Chart 12
Percent of days away from work
IN JU RIES AND ILLNESSES in­
volving 15 or more days for the
10 3-digit SIC industries with the
highest INJURY AND ILLNESS
incidence rate of lost workdays,
United States, 1976

Percent of days away from work
injuries and illnesses

Private
sector

Water
trans­
portation
services




Oil and
gas
field
services

Build­
Anthra­
ing paper cite
mining
and
board
mills

Logging
camps
and
logging
contrac­
tors

22

Roofing
and
sheetmetal
work

Secondary nonferrous
metals

Ship and
boat
building
and
repairing

Sawmills Sanitary
and
services
planing
mills

Chart 13
Percent distribution of days away
from work IN JU RIES AND
ILLNESSES, and percent of days
away from work IN JU R IES A ND
ILLNESSES involving 15 or more
days by employment-size group,
United States, 1976




23

Chart 14
Ranking of the 10 3-digit S IC
industries with the highest IN JU RY
incidence rate of lost workdays,
United States, 1976

Private sector

>7.8|
.:

Water transportation
services (SIC 446)

45 2.6

Logging camps and
logging
contractors (SIC 241)

H

284.5
Or

Sanitary
services (SIC 495)

274.

7A

Anthracite
mining (SIC 111)

22 9.2

'

Secondary
nonferrous
metals (SIC 334)

2C)3.7

*

Roofing and
sheet-metal
work (SIC 176)

2( 2 7
|

m

Oil and gas
field services (SIC 138)
Ship and boat
building and
repairing (SIC 373)

1 ?1.i

Building paper
and board mills
(SIC 266)

■81.
■

Sawmills and
planing mills (SIC 242)




2C2.4

177.f

-

0

100.0

200.0

300.0

400.0

Lost workday incidence rate per 100 full-time workers

24

500.0

600.0

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

SIC
code

Industry 1J

i/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases j>/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

64.689.8

Private sector _6/-------------

9.1

9.2

3.3

3.5

5.8

5.7

56.2

60.5

83.3

1,000.1

10.5

11.0

4.4

4.7

6.0

6.3

70.9

Agricultural production 6/------------------

01-02

688.4

11.1

11.5

4.7

4.8

6.4

6.7

76.1

71.4

Agricultural services----------------------Crop services-----------------------------Landscape and horticultural services------

07
072
078

283.8
47.4
104.2

9.4
15.2
12.8

10.7
14.4
13.9

4.0
5.9
5.7

4.6
5.8
6.1

5.4
9.2
7.1

6.0
8.5
7.8

61.8
106.0
84.4

101.9
124.5
111.8

Forestry- - - - - - - ---- - Forestry services--------------------------

08
085

11.2
5.3

13.0
13.4

12.7
13.5

4.3
5.5

5.3
6.7

8.7
7.9

7.3
6.7

67.4
91.3

111.4
104.0

Fishing, hunting, and trapping--------------

09

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing _6/---------

Mining-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.7

-

4.5

-

2.4

-

2.0

-

80.0

780.6

-

11.0

11.0

5.6

5.8

5.4

5.1

110.6

114.4

Metal mining 7/-----------------------------Anthracite mining 7/-----------------------Bituminous coal and lignite mining _7/-------

10
11
12

94.0
3.4
224.1

6.5
28.4
10.8

5.9
27.4
13.2

4.4
10.2
6.4

4.2
11.1
7.8

2.1
18.1
4.3

1.7
16.3
5.4

69.2
211.3
101.5

77.1
229.2
134.0

Oil and gas extraction---------------------Crude petroleum and natural gas----------Oil and gas field services----------------

13
131
138

344.5
157.7
182.6

14.0
7.2
19.5

13.0
5.0
19.3

6.2
2.6
9.2

6.0
2.3
8.9

7.7
4.6
10.2

7.0
2.7
10.3

149.1
49.8
228.9

136.2
50.5
203.6

Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels ]_/-------

14

114.6

6.0

5.0

3.5

3.3

2.4

1.7

45.6

49.8

3,563.9

Construction-----------------------------------

15.9

15.3

5.5

5.5

10.4

9.8

100.2

105.0

General building contractors---------------Residential building construction--------Operative builders------------------------Nonresidential building construction------

15
152
153
154

1,003.6
500.7
68.9
434.0

15.5
12.9
10.8
19.0

14.5
11.3
9.5
18.7

5.3
4.9
4.4
5.8

5.2
4.8
3.3
6.1

10.2
7.9
6.3
13.2

9.2
6.5
6.2
12.6

91.7
72.6
67.0
115.3

100.0
92.6
42.2
117.2

Heavy construction contractors-------------Highway and street construction----------Heavy construction, except highway--------

16
161
162

766.9
240.2
526.7

17.1
15.2
18.2

16.3
14.5
17.1

5.9
5.4
6.1

5.5
5.3
5.6

11.2
9.7
12.0

10.7
9.2
11.4

113.6
105.0
118.1

109.2
121.7
103.5

Special trade contractors------------------Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning--Painting, paperhanging, and decorating---Electrical work---------------------------Masonry, stonework, and plastering-------Carpentering and flooring----------------Roofing and sheet-metal work-------------Concrete work-----------------------------Water well drilling-----------------------Miscellaneous special trade contractors---

17
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

1,793.4
437.8
118.7
317.5
274.3
106.0
125.6
97.2
17.0
299.3

15.5
16.1
8.7
14.5
15.1
13.5
21.5
15.2
14.8
17.0

15.3
16.3
10.1
13.6
14.1
12.7
21.4
14.2
13.4
17.3

5.4
4.7
3.6
4.3
5.8
6.1
9.5
5.5
6.9
6.2

5.6
5.0
4.6
4.3
5.6
5.5
9.6
6.5
6.7
6.3

10.1
11.4
5.0
10.2
9.2
7.4
12.0
9.7
7.9
10.8

9.7
11.3
5.5
9.3
8.5
7.2
11.8
7.7
6.7
10.9

98.7
71.4
79.9
89.9
100.7
95.4
195.4
102.2
118.7
117.2

105.8
89.7
113.9
76.6
94.6
97.8
205.1
117.6
154.2
127.8

18,883.1

13.0

13.2

4.5

4.8

8.5

8.3

75.8

79.5

11,015.6

14.2

14.1

4.8

5.1

9.4

9.0

81.1

84.1

677.1

21.0

22.1

8.5

9.7

12.5

12.3

156.7

167.3

83.7

25.8

25.1

14.0

14.0

11.7

10.9

284.2

287.1

Manufacturing---------------------------------Durable goods
Lumber and wood products--------------------

24

Logging camps and logging contractors-----

241

Sawmills and planing mills---------------Sawmills and planing mills, general----Hardwood dimension and flooring--------Special product sawmills, n.e.c---------

242
2421
2426
2429

221.7
184.5
30.6
6.6

21.4
21.5
18.3
35.3

22.2
22.1
20.5
34.5

9.1
9.2
6.9
18.8

10.3
10.4
8.6
18.6

12.3
12.3
11.4
16.5

11.7
11.6
11.8
15.8

171.0
176.5
115.1
282.5

179.7
185.6
130.6
256.4

Millwork, plywood, and structural membersMillwork--------------------------------Wood kitchen cabinets------------------Hardwood veneer and plywood------------Softwood veneer and plywood-------------

243
2431
2434
2435
2436

186.0
69.1
36.0
24.7
45.1

17.8
19.5
16.5
18.8
14.9

20.0
22.5
16.1
21.4
16.6

6.4
6.9
5.5
7.2
5.3

8.0
9.1
6.2
7.5
6.6

11.4
12.5
11.0
11.6
9.4

12.0
13.3
9.8
13.9
10.0

122.1
106.2
86.0
182.2
137.8

132.7
134.7
81.9
139.5
157.8

Wood containers---------------------------Nailed wood boxes and shook------------Wood pallets and skids------------------

244
2441
2448
2449

41.4
10.6
19.7
11.1

18.3
18.1
18.0
19.0

20.6
21.3
20.8
19.7

7.7
7.4
8.1
7.1

9.6
9.6
10.0
8.9

10.6
10.7
9.9
11.9

11.0
11.7
10.8
10.8

127.1
127.1
121.2
136.0

160.0
144.8
163.0
169.2

Wood buildings and mobile homes-------- --Mobile homes--------------------------- —
Prefabricated wood buildings------------

245
2451
2452

68.9
47.8
21.1

29.4
31.3
25.1

30.6
32.0
27.2

9.5
10.1
8.2

11.5
12.1
10.1

19.8
21.2
16.9

19.0
19.9
17.1

140.6
154.0
110.0

159.9
176.3
121.5

Miscellaneous wood products--------------Wood preserving-------------------------Wood products, n.e.c--------------------

249
2491
2499

75.5
11.9
57.7

17.5
22.1
16.3

17.3
19.2
17.3

6.5
7.9
6.3

6.7
7.2
6.9

10.9
14.1
10.0

10.6
12.0
10.3

108.7
153.8
97.2

112.9
144.0
106.7

25

442.9

15.9

16.9

5.1

6.0

10.8

10.9

80.8

94.5

Household furniture-----------------------Wood household furniture---------------Upholstered household furniture------—
Metal household furniture--------------Mattresses and bedsprings--------------Wood TV and radio cabinets-------------Household furniture, n.e.c--------------

251
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

305.8
134.8
93.5
29.2
33.2
12.0
3.1

15.0
14.0
14.7
16.4
16.7
19.9
11.5

16.1
15.4
15.1
18.2
18.4
18.0
20.3

4.8
4.6
4.3
5.2
6.1
6.2
4.4

5.7
5.5
4.9
6.7
7.1
6.0
8.8

10.2
9.4
10.4
11.2
10.6
13.7
7.1

10.4
9.9
10.2
11.5
11.3
11.9
11.5

74.3
71.5
64.7
88.0
85.5
111.8
63.0

93.1
95.1
75.5
104.0
119.7
94.0
135.7

Office furniture--------------------------Wood office furniture------------------Metal office furniture------------------

252
2521
2522

38.7
14.1
24.6

17.8
15.9
18.7

17.5
15.2
18.8

5.7
5.7
5.7

6.0
5.5
6.3

12.1
10.2
13.0

11.5
9.7
12.5

92.0
104.0
86.7 1

98.9
89.3
104.3

Furniture and fixtures----------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




25

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

SIC
Industry 1/
2

/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases j>/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Public building and related furniture-----

253

22.9

18.4

19.2

5.9

6.5

12.5

12.7

93.3

91.9

Partitions and fixtures------------------Wood partitions and fixtures------------•
Metal partitions and fixtures-----------

254
2541
2542

52.7
28.4
24.3

18.7
16.0
21.9

21.4
19.2
23.9

6.1
5.2
7.2

8.0
7.1
9.0

12.6
10.8
14.7

13.4
12.1
14.9

99.9
79.0
124.3

108.5
108.9
108.1

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures-----Drapery hardware and blinds and shades—
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c------------

259
2591
2599

22.8
13.1
9.7

15.7
10.7
22.5

14.2
10.7
18.9

4.6
3.4
6.3

4.9
3.9
6.2

11.0
7.3
16.2

9.3
6.8
12.7

86.9
64.2
117.8

76.8
64.9
92.8

642.4

16.0

16.1

5.9

6.4

10.1

9.7

108.5

114.1

22.9

16.1

17.8

3.7

4.4

12.4

13.4

78.1

89.2

132.0
75.5
56.5

14.5
16.7
11.5

14.5
17.1
11.1

5.2
6.6
3.3

6.1
8.0
3.6

9.3
10.1
8.1

8.4
9.1
7.5

102.3
128.3
66.3

113.4
150.0
66.0

Stone, clay, and glass products-------------

32

Flat glass---------------------------------

321

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown---Glass containers-----------------------Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c----------

322
3221
3229

Products of purchased glass--------------Cement, hydraulic-------------- -----------

323
324

36.8
30.2

15.7
12.8

18.3
13.3

5.3
2.9

6.1
3.2

10.3
9.9

12.2
10.3

83.6
83.1

73.1
91.3

Structural clay products-----------------Brick and structural clay tile---------Ceramic wall and floor tile------------Clay refractories----------------------Structural clay products, n.e.c---------

325
3251
3253
3255
3259

48.7
21.0
8.6
12.6
6.5

17.7
19.3
12.9
18.2
17.7

17.6
19.6
13.4
14.2
22.8

7.0
8.2
4.0
6.6
7.7

7.6
8.6
5.0
5.7
11.4

10.7
11.1
8.8
11.6
10.0

10.0
11.0
8.4
8.5
11.4

120.4
127.2
88.8
123.0
134.7

118.9
125.1
79.1
113.2
162.4

Pottery and related products-------------Vitreous plumbing fixtures-------------Vitreous china food utensils-----------Fine earthenware food utensils---------Porcelain electrical supplies----------Pottery products, n.e.c-----------------

326
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

45.5
10.0
5.1
5.1
10.3
15.0

15.4
22.6
10.3
14.8
13.0
15.2

16.5
25.6
13.0
11.8
13.3
15.6

6.1
10.3
5.2
7.1
4.6
5.0

6.9
12.3
6.4
6.9
4.9
5.0

9.3
12.3
5.1
7.7
8.4
10.2

9.6
13.3
6.5
4.9
8.3
10.6

110.7
157.8
99.7
173.5
98.1
77.2

123.1
209.3
132.0
155.4
101.7
68.9

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products---Concrete block and brick---------------Concrete products, n.e.c---------------Ready-mixed concrete-------------------Gypsum products-------------------------

327
3271
3272
3273
3275

187.4
22.4
63.1
81.7
13.0

17.2
17.2
22.5
14.7
7.8

16.7
16.8
21.4
15.2
6.4

6.6
7.2
9.0
5.4
1.8

7.1
8.1
9.1
6.4
1.7

10.6
9.9
13.5
9.3
6.0

9.6
8.7
12.3
8.8
4.7

121.3
136.2
155.6
103.4
46.1

131.4
151.7
144.7
129.3
44.9

Cut stone and stone products--------------

328

12.4

14.8

15.3

5.8

7.3

9.0

8.0

106.8

91.4

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products----—— ——— — — — —-------Abrasive products----------------------Asbestos products----------------------Gaskets, packing, and sealing devices--Minerals, ground or treated------------Mineral wool------------------------ ----Nonclay refractories-------------------Nonmetallic mineral products, n.e.c----

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297
3299

126.4
24.3
20.7
24.7
14.7
26.0
10.9
5.1

15.9
18.4
13.9
13.0
17.0
16.9
19.5
12.5

15.8
19.1
16.5
15.0
17.0
12.3
18.1
10.4

6.0
7.0
5.7
4.2
6.8
6.5
7.9
3.4

6.0
6.8
6.2
4.9
6.5
5.7
7.6
4.1

9.9
11.4
8.1
8.8
10.2
10.4
11.6
9.1

9.7
12.3
10.3
10.1
10.5
6.5
10.5
6.3

107.3
115.7
118.0
64.4
120.6
118.1
140.1
60.4

107.9
106.0
123.4
81.6
123.4
102.4
153.5
56.9

1,143.0

17.0

16.6

6.1

6.3

10.9

10.3

114.3

114.8

Blast furnace and basic steel products---Blast furnaces and steel mills---------Electrometallurgical products----------Steel wire and related products--------Cold finishing of steel shapes---------Steel pipe and tubes--------------------

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

546.8
468.5
12.8
20.6
17.0
27.9

12.4
10.9
16.8
21.2
24.0
22.4

12.2
10.6
14.0
19.2
25.9
23.7

3.9
3.2
5.5
9.7
7.9
7.9

4.1
3.3
4.9
9.5
8.4
10.0

8.5
7.7
11.3
11.5
16.1
14.5

8.1
7.3
9.1
9.7
17.5
13.7

77.3
69.7
109.8
135.8
140.9
105.9

86.7
76.9
95.0
144.5
168.6
152.3

Iron and steel foundries-----------------Gray iron foundries--------------------Steel investment foundries-------------Steel foundries, n.e.c------------------

332
3321
3324
3325

225.1
142.2
11.0
51.3

28.5
28.5

26.9
26.9
18.3
28.4

11.4
11.0

17.1
17.5
17.6

16.1
16.3
11.1
16.9

191.4
184.1

13.5

10.7
10.6
7.2
11.5

236.5

173.0
160.1
116.9
220.4

Primary nonferrous metals----------------Primary copper--------------------------Primary lead—————— --------------------Primary zinc----------------------------Primary aluminum-----------------------Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c--------

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

59.4
14.9
2.6
3.9
27.7
10.3

15.2
12.5
18.3
13.5
20.7

14.4
12.6
22.0
21.5
12.2
18.0

5.9
4.6
5.7
4.9
10.2

5.6
5.4
4.7
9.1
4.6
7.1

9.3
7.9
12.6
8.6
10.5

8.8
7.2
17.3
12.4
7.5
10.9

141.2
168.9
144.8
104.5
202.3

126.7
144.9
105.5
192.1
104.3
141.4

Primary metal industries--------------------

33

-

31.1

-

-

-

-

Secondary nonferrous metals---------------

334

19.9

28.5

27.5

11.9

12.9

16.6

14.6

226.4

226.5

Nonferrous rolling and drawing-----------Copper rolling and drawing-------------Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil--------Aluminum extruded products-------------Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c--Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating—

335
3351
3353
3354
3356
3357

190.3
31.0
34.6
23.9
15.9
79.2

13.1
13.9
11.4
12.8
13.9

13.7
17.1
13.3
15.0
11.0
12.7

4.7
5.1
2.9
4.2
5.5

5.1
6.8
4.0
6.0
3.9
4.9

8.4
8.7
8.4
8.6
8.4

8.6
10.3
9.3
9.0
7.1
7.8

91.3
113.3
73.4
87.9
94.3

96.9
123.6
83.4
120.0
70.6
89.3

Nonferrous foundries---------------------Aluminum foundries---------------------Brass, bronze, and copper foundries---Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c-------------

336
3361
3362
3369

82.3
45.8
18.2
18.3

22.1
21.3
25.8
20.2

22.8
23.4
23.6
20.8

8.1
7.7
9.9
7.2

9.6
9.3
9.7
10.1

14.0
13.5
15.9
13.0

13.2
14.1
13.9
10.7

141.6
144.5
162.4
109.1

148.8
132.0
156.3
183.0

Miscellaneous primary metal products----Metal heat treating--------------------Primary metal products, n.e.c-----------

339
3398
3399

19.1
10.6
8.5

18.9
21.9
15.3

20.6
22.2
18.7

7.5
8.9
5.8

8.7
9.6
7.5

11.4
13.0
9.5

11.9
12.6
11.2

121.4
129.6
111.1

124.7
137.3
109.2

See footnotes at end of table.




26

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry \ J

SIC
code
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J>/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Fabricated metal products------------------Metal cans and shipping containers-------Metal cans------------------------------Metal barrels, drums, and pails---------

34
341
3411
3412

1,490.3
76.6
64.1
12.5

19.1
18.9
18.3
22.7

18.9
19.9
19.3
23.3

6.6
5.6
5.5
6.5

6.8
6.3
6.1
7.2

12.5
13.3
12.8
16.2

12.0
13.6
13.1
16.1

104.3
104.2
100.8
124.1

109.8
115.5
112.0
133.9

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware--------Cutlery---------------------------------Hand and edge tools, n.e.c-------------Hand saws and saw blades---------------Hardware, n.e.c-------------------------

342
3421
3423
3425
3429

164.1
15.1
47.4
7.2
94.4

15.7
13.1
18.7
16.1
14.4

16.9
13.2
19.9
21.8
15.6

5.4
3.8
6.9
4.9
4.8

6.2
4.1
7.8
8.3
5.6

10.3
9.3
11.8
11.1
9.6

10.7
9.1
12.0
13.5
10.0

85.4
60.3
104.1
91.8
78.8

102.2
59.1
118.9
107.6
100.5

Plumbing and heating, except electric----Metal sanitary ware--------------------Plumbing fittings and brass goods------Heating equipment, except electric------

343
3431
3432
3433

61.9
10.1
22.6
29.2

17.4
19.2
13.7
19.5

18.7
22.3
15.9
19.7

5.4
4.7
4.4
6.4

6.6
8.1
5.7
6.8

12.0
14.5
9.3
13.1

12.1
14.2
10.2
12.9

81.9
74.7
72.0
92.4

99.0
93.8
88.8
108.8

Fabricated structural metal products-----Fabricated structural metal------------Metal doors, sash, and trim------------Fabricated plate work------------------Sheet-metal work-----------------------Architectural metal work---------------Prefabricated metal buildings-----------

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448

457.3
100.1
70.4
146.1
84.4
29.2
18.9

22.7
26.5
21.3
21.4
21.8
22.7
22.6

22.1
23.8
22.0
21.9
21.7
19.5
20.7

8.2
10.7
6.5
7.8
7.0
8.5
7.0

8.2
10.1
7.3
8.2
6.9
8.0
7.9

14.5
15.8
14.8
13.6
14.8
14.2
15.6

13.9
13.7
14.7
13.7
14.7
11.5
12.8

125.3
158.4
105.3
120.3
105.4
140.0
103.4

131.3
162.9
113.9
130.1
107.6
137.3
128.8

Screw machine products, bolts, etc-------Screw machine products-----------------Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers--------

345
3451
3452

93.5
43.4
50.1

16.0
15.3
16.7

15.8
15.2
16.4

4.8
3.7
5.7

4.9
4.2
5.4

11.2
11.5
11.0

10.9
11.0
10.9

76.0
66.7
84.3

73.8
58.1
87.5

Metal forgings and stampings-------------Iron and steel forgings----------------Automotive stampings-------------------Crowns and closures---------------------

346
3462
3465
3466
3469

263.6
49.0
93.2
5.5
111.9

19.7
26.1
16.3

6.9
11.1
5.4

19.7

18.2
23.8
14.3
19.8
19.1

6.1

6.6
10.8
4.9
7.3
6.4

12.8
15.0
10.9
13.5

11.5
13.0
9.4
12.5
12.7

115.9
179.1
93.0
104.0

111.6
195.9
75.4
309.9
97.7

Metal services, n.e.c_____________________
Plating and polishing------------------Metal coating and allied services-------

347
3471
3479

87.6
61.3
26.3

17.4
16.3
19.8

17.2
16.7
18.3

6.1
5.8
6.8

6.6
6.5
6.9

11.3
10.5
12.9

10.6
10.2
11.4

94.4
88.6
107.1

98.6
97.3
101.5

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c----------Small arms ammunition------------------Ammunition, except for small

348
3482

9.3
4.8

10.2
3.9

3.3
1.7

3.6
1.4

6.0
3.1

6.6
2.5

59.7
33.8

68.0
34.9

10.8
10.6

12.8
10.5

4.0
4.0

4.4
4.1

6.8
6.6

8.4
6.4

73.6
75.7

91.0
66.5

18.3
18.2
15.6
18.8
18.6
21.8
16.7

6.2
6.1
4.0
6.5
5.8
8.0
5.3

6.5
6.6
4.3
7.1
6.4
7.4
5.5

12.4
12.2
10.9
12.8
10.5
16.2
10.9

11.8
11.6
11.3
11.7
12.2
14.4
11.2

97.2
92.1
70.4
103.5
73.3
120.8
88.2

101.1
99.7
71.7
110.4
111.8
112.2
90.9

-

Small arms-------------------------------

3483
3484

57.5
11.6
24.5
15.5
15.5

Miscellaneous fabricated metal productsValves and pipe fittings---------------Wire springs----------------------------Miscellaneous fabricated wire products—
Metal foil and leaf--------------------Fabricated pipe and fittings-----------Fabricated metal products, n.e.c--------

349
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

228.1
89.1
13.4
48.6
2.9
24.8
41.0

18.7
18.4
14.9
19.3
16.4
24.2
16.2

Machinery, except electrical----------------

-

2,087.8

14.9

14.2

4.6

4.6

10.3

9.6

68.9

70.6

Engines and turbines---------------------Turbines and turbine generator sets----Internal combustion engines, n.e.c------

351
3511
3519

121.0
45.3
75.7

12.3
13.0
11.8

12.3
10.1
13.6

3.3
2.6
3.8

3.6
3.0
3.9

9.0
10.4
8.0

8.7
7.0 .
9.7

54.9
43.5
62.9

66.2
49.3
76.5

Farm and garden machinery----------------Farm machinery and equipment-----------Lawn and garden equipment---------------

352
3523
3524

156.5
139.6
16.9

20.9
21.4
16.6

19.8
20.3
16.2

6.8
7.2
4.3

7.1
7.4
4.6

14.0
14.2
12.3

12.7
12.9
11.5

87.7
90.6
64.3

92.6
93.4
85.8

Construction and related machinery-------Construction machinery-----------------Mining machinery-----------------------Oil field machinery--------------------Elevators and moving stairways---------Conveyors and conveying equipment-----Hoists, cranes, and monorails----------Industrial trucks and tractors----------

353
3531
35*32
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537

340.2
150.0
33.3
67.2
11.7
27.1
19.7
31.2

18.6
17.7
21.5
20.7
17.3
21.0
19.2
12.9

17.4
16.6
21.1
19.1
12.8
18.2
18.3
13.9

6.4
6.0
7.4
8.2
3.5
6.4
6.1
4.5

6.5
6.0
7.2
8.4
3.3
6.2
6.7
4.7

12.2
11.7
14.1
12.4
13.8
14.6
13.0
8.4

10.9
10.6
13.9
10.6
9.5
12.0
11.6
9.2

95.2
87.4
111.2
119.2
62.7
91.1
97.7
80.2

99.9
88.3
114.3
127.3
69.3
91.6
109.6
87.5

Metalworking machinery-------------------Machine tools, metal cutting types-----Machine tools, metal forming types-----Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixturesMachine tool accessories---------------Power driven hand tools----------------Rolling mill machinery------------------

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547
3549

303.9
61.8
22.8
114.0
53.4
28.3
12.5
11.1

13.9
14.1
16.6
12.8
14.0
12.9
17.1
15.7

13.4
12.9
15.8
13.5
12.7
11.4
15.1
15.5

3.7
4.1
5.3
2.9
3.5
3.1
6.1
5.0

3.6
3.7
4.8
3.4
3.2
2.9
4.5
4.4

10.2
10.0
11.3
9.9
10.5
9.8
11.0
10.7

9.8
9.2
10.9
10.1
9.5
8.5
10.5
11.1

60.9
60.6
81.3
48.4
60.3
41.8
109.7
115.4

58.7
63.1
68.3
55.3
55.4
48.4
73.5
78.1

Special industry machinery---------------Food products machinery----------------Textile machinery-----------------------Woodworking machinery----------------- —
Paper industries machinery-------------Printing trades machinery--------------Special industry machinery, n.e.c-------

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

189.3
41.1
30.9
10.9
18.1
29.5
58.8

17.4
18.7
15.8
18.2
20.9
13.8
17.9

16.9
18.8
13.2
20.5
20.9
15.4
16.4

4.7
5.7
3.2
5.6
5.4
3.3
5.2

4.8
6.0
3.3
5.6
5.9
3.9
4.9

12.7
13.0
12.6
12.6
15.5
10.4
12.7

12.0
12.7
9.9
14.9
15.0
11.4
11.5

71.5
77.4
49.4
86.8
91.6
61.3
74.6

74.3
78.4
55.9
97.9
105.8
60.7
74.3

General industrial machinery-------------Pumps and pumping equipment------------Ball and roller bearings---------------Air and gas compressors----------------Blowers and fans------------------------Speed changers, drives, and gears------Industrial furnaces and ovens----------Power transmission equipment, n.e.c----General industrial machinery, n.e.c-----

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3566
3567
3568
3569

281.6
55.0
53.4
30.4
33.4
23.3
17.8
18.4
40.5

15.6
15.9
11.5
14.4
18.7
19.8
18.4

14.8
17.8
10.7
12.1
18.7
15.5
16.4
13.9
15.0

4.9
5.3
3.5
4.9
6.3
6.2
5.4

4.7
5.7
3.7
4.0
6.5
4.7
4.5
4.6
4.3

10.7
10.6
8.0
9.5
12.3
13.5
13.0
13.1

10.1
12.0
7.0
8.1
12.2
10.8
11.9
9.2
10.6

73.0
74.0
64.0
84.7
104.0
82.1
68.0
60.6

75.0
84.0
65.0
78.8
103.2
76.4
68.3
65.7
60.1

35

-

17.9

See footnotes at end of table.




27

-

4.8

‘

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
in thousands)
3/

Total
cases _5/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Office and computing machines------------Typewriters-----------------------------Electronic computing equipment---------Office machines, n.e.c------------------

357
3572
3573
3579

301.4
17.3
230.2
23.1

4.9
4.1
4.1
9.9

4.6
3.7
4.0
8.0

1.5
1.6
1.3
2.8

1.8
1.6
1.7
2.5

3.4
2.5
2.8
7.1

2.8
2.1
2.3
5.5

23.6
26.9
21.1
43.2

29.5
26.9
28.4
34.8

Refrigeration and service machinery------Automatic merchandising machines-------Commercial laundry equipment-----------Refrigeration and heating equipment— —
Measuring and dispensing pumps---------Service industry machinery, n.e.c-— ---

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

169.9
8.2
5.8
114.7
11.4
29.8

16.4
14.2
21.5
15.7
21.5
17.4

16.5
16.2
21.3
16.3
13.7
17.4

4.6
4.3
4.3
4.8
4.8
4.2

5.0
5.3
5.7
5.0
3.9
4.8

11.8
9.9
17.2
10.9
16.7
13.2

11.5
10.9
15.6
11.3
9.8
12.5

80.8
56.8
60.7
89.2
69.5
64.0

81.5
82.9
84.5
87.1
61.8
66.2

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical----------------------------Carburetors, pistons, rings, valves---Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c----

359
3592
3599

224.0
29.4
194.6

16.4
14.6
16.7

15.4
13.6
15.7

5.3
5.8
5.2

4.9
5.1
4.9

11.1
8.8
11.5

10.5
8.5
10.8

75.0
109.1
69.9

68.3
82.3
66.1

Electric and electronic equipment-----------

1,781.5

8.5

8.5

2.5

2.8

6.0

5.7

41.9

44.9

Electric distributing equipment--*— ------Transformers----------------------------Switchgear and switchboard apparatus---

361
3612
3613

36

117.2
51.4
65.8

9.8
9.6

10.8
11.4
10.3

2.4

7.4
7.4

7.6
7.9
7.4

44.4

2.2

3.1
3.5
2.9

43.5

50.6
54.5
47.5

Electrical industrial apparatus----------Motors and generators------------------Industrial controls--------------------Welding apparatus, electric------------Carbon and graphite products------------

362
3621
3622
3623
3624

222.4
121.7
58.7
18.0
13.0

11.2
12.8
8.4
16.0
8.8

10.6
11.0
9.6
14.3
9.3

3.5
4.0
2.5
5.3
3.7

3.4
3.6
2.6
4.7
4.5

7.7
8.8
5.9
10.7
5.1

7.2
7.3
6.9
9.6
4.8

54.3
62.5
34.0
71.1
77.7

55.3
58.5
39.8
62.9
102.3

Household appliances---------------------Household cooking equipment------------Household refrigerators and freezers--Electric housewares and fans-----------Household vacuum cleaners--------------Sewing machines------------------------Household appliances, n.e.c-------------

363
3631
3632
3634
3635
3636
3639

188.8
21.8
58.4
52.5
11.3
8.6
15.9

13.6
13.9
14.9
12.0
11.5

3.9
3.7
5.0
3.5
3.1
5.6

3.9
5.8
2.9
3.8
3.0
2.1
7.8

9.7
10.2
9.9
8.5
8.3
14.4

9.3
13.3
7.6
8.4
5.3
5.9
16.3

53.3
55.8
53.0
59.2
60.8

20.1

13.2
19.1
10.5
12.2
8.3
8.0
24.2

83.6

57.6
92.7
39.6
58.2
62.9
27.5
122.0

Electic lighting and wiring equipment----Electric lamps--------------------------Current-carrying wiring devices--------Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices-----Residential lighting fixtures----------Commercial lighting fixtures-----------Vehicular lighting equipment-----------Lighting equipment, n.e.c---------------

364
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
36 47
3648

192.1
37.0
74.9
22.1
23.3
13.0
14.0
7.8

11.6
7.0
9.3
21.8
14.2
16.7
11.6
11.7

11.9
7.5
10.3
21.6
15.0
18.1
6.3
10.6

3.4
2.3
2.3
8.1
3.9
5.4
1.9
3.8

3.9
1.9
3.0
8.5
5.1
6.8
2.0
3.9

8.2
4.7
7.0
13.7
10.3
11.3
9.6
7.9

8.0
5.6
7.3
13.1
9.9
11.3
4.3
6.7

60.4
38.3
48.3
119.0
73.4
98.3
39.0
49.9

66.4
40.3
52.5
124.1
89.6
125.0
34.5
54.8

Radio and TV receiving equipment---------Radio and TV receiving sets------------Phonograph records----------------------

365
3651
3652

119.7
96.0
23.7

7.7
7.9
6.8

8.2
8.0
9.1

2.2
2.2
2.4

2.9
2.6
3.9

5.5
5.7
4.4

5.3
5.4
5.2

42.0
42.1
41.8

43.3
39.1
60.6

Communication equipment------------------Telephone and telegraph apparatus------Radio and TV communication equipment——

366
3661
3662

452.9
136.8
316.1

4.9
6.2
4.3

4.5
5.6
4.0

1.5
2.3
1.1

1.5
2.0
1.3

3.4
3.9
3.2

3.0
3.6
2.7

27.3
46.5
18.8

26.4
41.8
20.2

Electronic components and accessories----Electron tubes, receiving type---------Electron tubes, transmitting-----------Semiconductors and related devices-----Electronic capacitors------------------Electronic resistors-------------------Electronic coils and transformers------Electronic connectors------------------Electronic components, n.e.c------------

367
3671
3673
3674
3675
3676
36 77
3678
3679

349.8
7.7
17.5
120.4
20.4
10.2
17.2
2.9
137.0

6.6
4.2
5.3
4.7
6.4
7.9
8.9
8.1

6.8
3.6
5.2
5.0
7.1
9.8
10.5
8.3
7.4

1.8
1.1
1.6
1.4
1.6
2.3
2.2
2.1

2.1
.8
1.9
1.8
2.0
3.1
2.8
3.9
2.2

4.8
3.0
3.6
3.2
4.8
5.6
6.7
6.0

4.7
2.8
3.3
3.2
5.1
6.7
7.6
4.4
5.2

28.5
35.5
33.9
24.0
31.5
38.2
23.7
27.0

34.6
23.8
38.5
31.7
40.0
54.7
42.1
43.0
26.6

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies------------------------------Storage batteries----------------------Primary batteries, dry and wet---------X-ray apparatus and tubes--------------Engine electrical equipment------------Electrical equipment and

369
3691
3692
3693
36 94

138.6
25.3
13.7
18.2
69.7

11.2
24.2
6.6
6.9
8.6

10.7
22.9
8.4
6.0
8.2

4.0
10.6
1.4
1.7
2.7

4.2
10.8
2.2
1.8
3.0

7.2
13.6
5.2
5.2
5.9

6.4
12.0
6.2
4.1
5.2

68.9
189.1
20.1
25.6
45.7

66.1
180.5
21.5
30.4
43.7

3699
Transportation equipment--------------------

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

11.7

9.9

9.4

3.9

3.7

6.0

5.7

62.7

63.3

1,760.4

12.4

12.4

4.5

4.7

7.9

7.7

76.5

73.8

Motor vehicles and equipment-------------Motor vehicles and car bodies----------Truck and bus bodies-------------------Motor vehicle parts and accessories----Truck trailers---------------------------

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

859.6
407.7
38.8
391.4
21.7

13.6
11.4
24.7
14.2
23.6

12.4
10.0
23.8
13.0
29.3

4.6
4.0
8.2
4.7
8.6

4.5
3.6
8.8
4.8
10.4

9.0
7.4
16.4
9.5
15.0

7.9
6.4
15.0
8.2
18.9

69.0
53.6
115.6
76.5
129.0

63.5
47.0
113.2
70.9
160.6

Aircraft and parts------------------------Aircraft--------------------------------Aircraft engines and engine parts------Aircraft equipment, n.e.c---------------

372
3721
3724
3728

473.3
280.4
108.3
84.6

6.1
4.4
6.8
10.8

6.2
5.0
5.8
10.7

2.0
1.2
2.7
3.5

2.1
1.6
2.4
3.2

4.1
3.2
4.1
7.3

4.1
3.4
3.4
7.4

33.2
23.0
43.4
53.2

34.9
28.4
38.6
51.7

Ship and boat building and repairing-----Ship building and repairing------------Boat building and repairing-------------

373
3731
3732

213.4
165.4
48.0

23.4
22.6
26.1

23.9
23.3
26.0

10.3
10.2
10.7

10.9
11.1
9.9

13.0
12.4
15.4

13.0
12.2
16.1

219.5
236.4
153.9

195.2
208.9
146.3

Railroad equipment-----------------------Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts----------

374
375

50.8
16.7

19.1
12.6

18.1
15.2

6.8
4.0

6.9
5.0

12.3
8.6

11.2
10.2

139.1
58.9

146.9
79.5

See footnotes at end of table.




28

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases 5/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

2.2
1.8
4.5

23.2
20.2
-

19.0
17.5
39.3

102.5
95.8
142.8

117.1
122.3
73.8
125.7
36.7

1975

1976

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and
parts---------------------------------Guided missiles and space vehicles-----Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c----------

376
3761
3769

83.0
67.9
5.7

4.4
3.6

3.5
3.1
7.1

1.4
1.2
-

1.3
1.2
2.6

3.0
2.4

-

Miscellaneous transportation equipment--Travel trailers and campers------------Tanks and tank components--------------Transportation equipment, n.e.c---------

379
3792
3795
3799

63.6
46.2
7.2
10.2

24.4
26.3
23.1

27.6
30.3
15.7
24.1

7.4
7.7
8.0

9.5
10.0
5.7
10.0

17.0
18.6
15.1

18.1
20.3
10.0
14.1

565.4

6.9

7.2

2.1

2.4

4.8

4.8

36.7

55.6

6.2

6.1

1.6

2.1

4.6

4.0

22.1

32.8

2.2
2.4
2.2
3.0
1.7

2.5
3.2
2.2
3.3
2.1

5.0
5.7
5.3
7.2
3.2

5.4
6.2
6.0
7.5
3.7

39.1
50.6
38.7
57.9
30.9

40.1
58.4
33.2
47.2
30.9

Instruments and related products------------

38

-

Engineering and scientific instruments---

381

Measuring and controlling devices--------Environmental controls-----------------Process control instruments------------Fluid meters and counting devices------Instruments to measure electricity-----Measuring and controlling
devices, n.e.c------------------------

382
3822
3823
3824
3825

178.3
42.2
41.6
13.7
63.2

7.2
8.2
7.5
10.2
5.0

7.9
9.4
8.2
10.8
5.7

3829

17.6

8.8

9.1

2.0

2.7

6.8

6.3

23.9

39.6

Optical instruments and lenses------------

383

22.4

6.9

5.8

1.6

1.6

5.3

4.2

27.9

28.6

Medical instruments and supplies---------Surgical and medical instruments-------Surgical appliances and supplies-------Dental equipment and supplies-----------

384
3841
38 4 2
3843

116.3
44.7
56.0
15.6

.8.3
8.6
7.7
9.3

7.9
7.0
8.0
9.7

2.5
2.4
2.6
2.5

2.5
2.3
2.6
2.8

5.7
6.2
5.0
6.8

5.4
4.7
5.4
6.9

46.3
42.3
50.2
43.1

41.2
42.7
42.3
33.2

Ophthalmic goods-------------------------Photographic equipment and supplies------Watches, clocks, and watchcases-----------

385
386
387

38.1
124.3
30.4

6.5
6.1
6.0

7.2
6.4
7.0

2.0
2.2
1.9

2.8
2.1
2.2

4.5
3.9
4.1

4.4
4.2
4.8

28.7
37.0
36.8

39.1
31.4
32.6

39

424.8

11.3

11.7

3.6

4.0

7.7

7.7

58.0

59.4

57.1
36.9
11.0
9.2

7.2
6.1
10.1
7.4

6.6
4.8
12.0
6.8

2.3
1.6
4.2
2.2

2.3
1.5
5.3
1.8

4.9
4.5
5.9
5.2

4.2
3.3
6.7
5.0

40.4
23.5
82.7
49.7

38.2
21.0
98.4
32.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries-----Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware-----Jewelry, precious metal----------------Silverware and plated ware-------------Jewelers' materials and lapidary work-

391
3911
3914
3915

Musical instruments-----------------------

393

24.3

13.3

13.2

3.9

4.8

9.4

8.4

55.6

61.3

Toys and sporting goods— :
----------------Games, toys, and children's vehicles---Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c------

394
3944
3949

120.0
50.4
61.1

13.1
13.1
14.1

14.0
14.0
15.1

4.4
5.1
4.2

5.1
5.6
5.1

8.7
8.0
9.9

8.9
8.4
10.0

71.4
77.7
70.0

74.1
83.4
72.8

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies---Pens and mechanical pencils------------Lead pencils and art goods-------------Marking devices-------------------------

395
3951
3952
3953

33.0
10.7
8.8
8.5

10.8
8.4
15.2
7.3

10.3
7.5
12.5
7.8

3.6
3.1
5.0
1.6

3.8
3.2
4.5
1.7

7.2
5.2
10.2
5.7

6.6
4.3
8.0
6.1

56.1
53.0
75.7
25.1

54.1
46.7
62.1
22.1

Costume jewelry and notions--------------Costume jewelry------------------------Buttons---------------------------------Needles, pins, and fasteners------------

396
3961
3963
3964

59.4
32.9
4.3
16.7

8.2
5.6

2.2
1.8

-

5.9
4.5
6.2
7.4

37.5
31.2
-

-

2.6
2.1
2.7
3.1

6.0
3.8
-

-

8.5
6.7
8.9
10.5

-

42.5
34.6
29.0
54.2

Miscellaneous manufactures---------------Brooms and brushes---------------------Signs and advertising displays---------Burial caskets--------------------------Hard surface floor coverings-----------Manufacturing industries, n.e.c---------

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

131.0
17.2
42.0
12.6
8.2
51.0

12.5
13.2
14.2
16.9
11.3
10.0

13.3
13.4
14.6
16.5
11.4
11.6

4.0
4.4
4.5
5.1
3.3
3.2

4.2
4.4
4.8
4.8
4.2
3.4

8.5
8.8
9.7
11.8
8.0
6.8

9.1
8.9
9.8
11.7
7.2
8.2

62.5
65.3
74.8
60.1
61.3
52.9

63.6
68.3
80.9
59.5
74.9
46.5

-

7,867.5
20

11.4

11.8

4 .1

4.4

7.3

7.4

66.7

72.8

1,659.6

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products-------------------

-

18.3

19.3

7.3

8.0

11.0

11.3

113.6

123.8

333.6
164.2
65.7
89.8
13.9

27.1
31.2
22.3
22.8
21.7

28.6
34.7
21.7
23.1
20.3

11.1
13.5
8.9
7.9
9.1

12.3
15.8
9.5
8.4
7.6

16.0
17.7
13.4
14.8
12.6

16.3
18.9
12.2
14.6
12.7

148.4
173.2
131.1
114.2
112.4

165.5
200.3
140.6
123.9
112.0

92.0
73.3
88.8100.5

106.0
92.7
100.6
115.2

Meat products-----------------------------Meatpacking plants---------------------Sausages and other prepared meats------Poultry dressing plants----------------Poultry and egg processing--------------

201
2011
2013
2016
2017

Dairy products----------------------------Cheese, natural and processed----------Ice cream and frozen desserts----------Fluid milk-------------------------------

202
2022
2024
2026

189.3
29.7
20.1
123.3

13.8
13.7
16.3
13.7

14.8
13.7
16.5
15.3

5.5
5.1
6.6
5.5

6.0
5.5
7.0
6.2

8.3
8.6
9.7
8.2

8.8
8.2
9.5
9.1

Preserved fruits and vegetables----------Canned specialties---------------------Canned fruits and vegetables-----------Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups---Pickles, sauces, and salad dressings--Frozen fruits and vegetables-----------Frozen specialties- --------------------

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038

241.2
27.5
99.4
17.6
25.8
43.2
27.7

18.1
10.7
20.5
18.2
16.8
20.9
12.8

17.6
12.1
19.6
16.9
15.8
20.2
14.2

6.8
4.4
7.0
7.5
6.3
8.6
5.4

7.2
5.3
7.7
7.3
5.9
8.6
6.0

11.3
6.3
13.5
10.6
10.4
12.3
7.3

10.4
6.8
11.8
9.5
9.9
11.6
8.2

110.5
78.1
106.8
119.8
108.5
151.7
85.0

120.5
93.8
123.5
119.9
116.0
138.9
113.5

Grain mill products----------------------Flour and other grain mill products----Cereal breakfast foods-----------------Rice milling— — — —— —— — —— — — —
Blended and prepared flour-------------Wet corn milling-----------------------Dog, cat, and other pet food-----------Prepared feeds, n.e.c-------------------

204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

135.1
23.4
16.6
4 9
.1
3.5
16.2
53.4

15.7
15.4
16.3
19.9
17.4
9.9
18.3
15.6

15.4
14.8
15.5
20.7
16.4
10.2
18.0
15.4

6.0
5.7
6.0
8.1
7.4
3.5
6.6
6.1

6.6
6.2
5.6
9.4
7.1
4.7
7.9
6.9

9.7
9.6
10.3
11.8
10.0
6.4
11.6
9.5

8.7
8.6
9.9
11.3
9.3
5.5
10.0
8.5

108.3
120.0
135.1
163.6
110.2
69.6
133.3
91.9

114.8
117.9
114.9
218.2
123.9
92.7
142.4
100.0

'

See footnotes at end of table.




29

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
i/

1976
annual
average
employment
in thousands)
3/

Total
cases b j

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Bakery products---------------------------Bread, cake, and related products------Cookies and crackers-------------- — ----

205
2051
2052

236. 2
194. 2
42. 0

12.9
12.6
14.1

13.6
13.7
13.1

5.4
5.4
5.1

5. 7
5. 7
5. 3

7.5
7.2
9.0

7.9
8.0
7.8

91.4
90.8
94.4

102.2
99.1
117.1

Sugar and confectionery products---------Raw cane sugar--------------------------Cane sugar refining--------------------Beet sugar------------------------------Confectionery products------------------

206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2067

109 9
8 6
11 1
15 9
55. 6
9. 0

15.1
19.0
13.8
23.6
13.3

15.3
22.2
13.2
23.2
12.7
15.0

6.5
9.5
6.7
11.5
4.9

6. 6
9. 7
6. 4
12. 5
5. 1
5. 8

8.6
9.6
7.0
12.0
8.3

8.6
12.5
6.7
10.7
6.7
9.1

98.2
111.6
139.8
114.1
90.6

105.3
119.3
135.3
161.8
81.2
181.2

Fats and oils-----------------------------Cottonseed oil mills-------------------Soybean oil mills----------------------Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c-------------Animal and marine fats and oils--------Shortening and cooking oils-------------

207
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

42. 0
6. 2
9 4
2 3
11 2
12 9

19.2
18.3
12.7

7.9
8.4
4.2

12.3
13.1

12.8
12.4
10.8
9.6
13.8
14.2

151.3
234.5
69.9

11.2
7.1

8. 0
7. 7
4 7
5. 5
13 2
6 5

11.2
9.9
8.4

23.8
20.2

20.9
20.3
15.5
15.2
27.1
20.7

195.0
123.0

133.8
161.5
90.0
177.8
181.7
102.4

Beverages---------------------------------Malt beverages--------------------------Malt------------------------------------Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits------Distilled liquor, except brandy--------Bottled and canned soft drinks---------Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c---

208
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087

219 9
48 5
1. 6
11 9
18 7
127 9
11 3

19.7
21.2
25.1
19.5
14.7
20.7
9.1

23.1
23.3
25.6
18.6
16.1
25.6
8.5

7.5
6.8
9.7
8.1
4.9
8.5
3.2

9
7
9
8
6
10
3

1
5
6
9
2
6
6

12.1
14.4
15.6
11.3
9.8
12.1
5.9

14.0
15.8
16.0
9.6
9.9
15.0
4.9

111.8
140.4
185.9
126.3
88.1
107.6
40.9

125.8
129.4
168.3
130.4
111.2
132.0
52.5

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products—
Canned and cured seafoods----------- ---Fresh or frozen packaged fish----------Roasted coffee-------------------------Macaroni and spaghetti— ---------------Food preparations, n.e.c----------------

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

152
19
28
13
8
76

3
7
5
4
0
0

15.6
17.6
18.9
12.9
16.9
14.4

15.9
17.7
17.7
13.2
17.9
15.2

6.3
7.4
8.0
4.9
7.1
5.6

6
7
7
5
8
6

7
6
8
0
0
2

9.2
10.2
10.8
8.0
9.8
8.7

9.2
10.0
9.9
8.1
9.9
9.0

110.7
147.9
114.2
91.6
164.8
96.1

106.4
123.7
111.8
95.6
144.8
92.9

21

72 1

10.3

10.0

3.9

4 1

6.4

5.9

56.4

62.5

211
212
213
214

46
9
3
12

8.7
7.0

3.9
2.4

4.7
4.6

58.9
37.9

Tobacco manufactures------------------------

-

-

4
9
3
5

18.5

9.0
6.4
14.7
15.4

22

915 9

10.2

10.5

Weaving mills, cotton--------------------Weaving mills, synthetics----------------Weaving and finishing mills, wool--------Harrow fabric mills-----------------------

221
222
223
224

172
119
22
26

5
7
5
9

10.2
8.7
11.6
10.4

Knitting mills----------------------------Women's hosiery, except socks----------Knit outerwear mills------------- ------Knit underwear mills-------- — ----------Circular knit fabric mills-------------Warp knit fabric mills-----------------Knitting mills, n.e.c-------------------

225
2251
2252
2253
2256
2257
2258
2259

233
30
31
71
60
34
21
4

1
1
5
4
2
2
6
1

Textile finishing, except wool-----------Finishing plants, cotton---------------Finishing plants, synthetics-----------Finishing plants, n.e.c-----------------

226
2261
2262
2269

81
33
31
17

Floor covering mills---------------------Woven carpets and rugs-----------------Tufted carpets and rugs-----------------

227
2271
2272

Yarn and thread mills— ---------------- --Yarn mills, except wool----------------Throwing and winding mills-------------Wool yarn mills--------------------------

228
2281
2282
2283
2284

Miscellaneous textile goods--------------Felt goods, except woven felts and hatsLace goods------------------------------Paddings and upholstery filling--------Processed textile waste----------------Coated fabrics, not rubberized---------Nonwoven fabrics-----------------------Cordage and twine-----------------------

229
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2297
2298

Cigarettes--------------------------------Chewing and smoking tobacco--------------Tobacco stemming and redrying------------Textile mill products-----------------------

Apparel and other textile products----------

23

Men's and boys' suits and coats-----------

231

Men's and boys' furnishings--------------Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear--Men's and boys' underwear--------------Men's and boys' neckwear---------------Men's and boys' separate trousers------M en'8 and boys' work clothing----------Men's and boys' clothing, n.e.c---------

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

-

-

-

-

-

5.4

4
2
4
4

3
3
5
8

13.1

4.7
4.1
10.2
10.6

65.3

67.3
39.3
79.3
58.4

2.5

2 7

7.7

7.7

48.9

55.5

9.3
8.9
11.7
10.5

1.5
1.7
6.3
3.2

1
1
4
3

4
8
3
4

8.7
7.0
7.3
7.2

7.9
7.1
7.4
7.0

41.4
41.1
80.3
54.9

38.8
45.6
90.4
55.6

6.9
4.4
5.0
5.4
8.4
9.9
10.0
10.2

8.2
4.5
5.8
6.8
8.7
11.9
12.7
13.6

2.2
1.4
1.8
1.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
3.1

2
1
1
2
3
3
3
4

6
5
9
1
0
8
7
9

4.7
3.0
3.2
3.6
5.6
7.1
7.2
7.1

5.6
3.0
3.9
4.7
5.7
8.0
9.0
8.7

32.9
19.7
29.6
26.9
31.3
46.8
49.3
50.8

41.8
16.9
26.4
37.6
46.0
66.9
53.5
81.9

8
4
1
3

13.7
13.6
15.0
11.4

13.4
13.2
13.4
14.1

3.8
3.3
4.5
3.3

4
3
3
4

1
8
8
9

9.9
10.3
10.5
8.1

9.3
9.4
9.6
9.1

72.1
79.9
72.2
52.9

83.8
99.1
66.0
86.5

57 5
8 3
48 1

11.5
11.0
11.6

12.0
11.5
12.2

2.8
2.8
2.7

3 1
1 9
3 3

8.7
8.2
8.9

8.9
9.6
8.9

61.5
54.0
62.1

64.0
49.5
67.0

132
86
24
11
9

2
2
8
4
8

11.1
11.6
11.2
8.9
8.9

11.9
11.8
11.3
14.1
12.4

2.5
2.2
3.1
3.2
2.4

2
2
2
4
3

9
7
8
2
0

8.6
9.4
8.1
5.7
6.5

9.0
9.1
8.5
9.9
9.4

44.5
40.5
65.9
68.6
42.6

58.3
60.5
49.9
72.8
41.7

69
4
3
6
7
12
3
9

7
5
3
6
8
2
7
9

16.8
22.1
9.2
18.9
15.9
13.9
10.8
17.3

15.4
25.1
12.7
17.6
15.7
17.2
16.9
16.9

4.5
5.7
2.3
7.4
4.9
6.7
3.2
4.8

5
6
3
8
5
5
4
5

2
8
0
6
3
8
2
7

10.3
16.4
6.9
11.4
11.0
9.1
7.6
12.5

10.2
18.3
9.7
9.0
10.4
11.3
12.7
11.2

83.2
123.1
45.7
123.3
82.8
82.6
75.5
71.3

99.5
136.1
52.3
138.6
116.6
125.7
97.0
77.2

1,318 .9

6.0

6.7

1.6

1 9

6.3

6.8

27.5

31.0

90 .1

6.3

6.4

1.8

2 3

6.6

4.1

38.6

66.9

379 .9
115 .1
12 .8
7.1
97 .2
91 .6
56 .1

7.1
5.5
7.5
2.6
7.8
8.5
7.5

8.0
6.3
7.1
3.6
8.2
10.2
8.1

2.1
1.5
2.2
.4
2.4
2.7
1.9

2 4
1 6
2 6
8
2 .5
3 4
2 .1

5.0
4.0
5.3
2.2
5.4
5.7
5.6

5.6
4.6
6.7
2.7
5.7
6.8
6.0

35.0
21.1
36.3
5.4
49.2
44.2
27.0

35.3
23.5
35.9
9.9
40.9
51.9
25.8

-

See footnotes at end of table.




-

30

-

-

-

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

2/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases _5/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
l08t
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Women's and misses' outerwear------------Women's and misses' blouses and waists—
Women's and misses' dresses------------Women's and misses' suits and coats----Women's and misses' outerwear, n.e.c---

233
2331
2333
2337
2339

430.2
53.7
173.6
70.1
132.8

4.4
3.7
3.4
5.0
5.9

4.8
4.2
3.5
5.2
6.6

1.1
.7
.8
1.1
1.5

1.2
.9
.8
1.4
1.8

3.3
3.0
2.6
3.8
4.4

3.6
3.3
2.7
3.8
4.8

17.1
15.6
14.3
18.0
21.2

21.3
17.7
15.0
23.9
29.2

Women's and children's undergarments-----Women's and children's underwear-------Brassieres and allied garments----------

234
2341
2342

98.4
74.6
23.8

5.4
5.5
5.2

6.2
6.1
6.6

1.2
1.2
1.4

1.5
1.4
1.6

4.2
4.3
3.8

4.7
4.6
5.0

20.0
18.5
24.7

23.4
22.3
26.9

Hats, caps, and millinery----------------Hats and caps, except millinery---------

235
2352

15.7
13.0

6.8
7.8

7.4
7.7

1.8
2.1

2.3
2.5

5.0
5.7

5.0
5.2

24.8
29.1

31.9
31.9

Children's outerwear---------------------Children's dresses and blouses---------Children's coats and suits-------------Children's outerwear, n.e.c-------------

236
2361
2363
2369

68.6
26.7
8.8
33.1

4.8
4.3
6.1

1.1
.9
1.2

-

4.7
4.9
4.8
4.7

14.7
10.3
23.0

-

1.6
1.1
1.4
2.0

3.7
3.4
4.9

*

6.3
6.0
6.2
6.7

-

20.2
13.5
21.6
25.0

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories----Fabric dress and work gloves-----------Robes and dressing gowns---------------Waterproof outergarments---------------Apparel belts---------------------------Apparel and accessories, n.e.c----------

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

60.3
12.5
11.4
14.0
9.3
6.0

5.8
3.7
5.0
5.9
8.2
6.9

6.1
5.8
5.9
6.2
8.3
4.6

1.6
1.5
.9
1.6
2.8
2.0

1.9
2.5
1.3
1.6
2.3
1.4

4.2
2.2
4.1
4.3
5.4
4.9

4.2
3.3
4.6
4.6
6.0
3.2

24.4
26.6
12.3
24.3
40.6
29.4

30.1
44.5
18.7
25.6
35.3
23.8

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products------------------------------House furnishings, n.e.c---------------Canvas and related products------------Pleating and stitching-----------------Automotive and apparel trimmings-------Schiffli machine embroideries----------Fabricated textile products, n.e.c------

239
2392
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

171.3
44.5
13.6
14.3
31.4
3.6
27.4

7.9
8.6
6.7
9.4

9.3
10.1
10.6
4.0
9.1
6.3
9.4

2.4
2.5

2.9
2.8
3.7
1.8
3.1
1.9
3.1

5.5
6.1

6.4
7.3
6.9
2.2
6.0
4.4
6.2

42.2
50.2

46.8

47.4
46.9
68.3
31.5
45.8
37.2
42.9

-

2.4
2.9

-

4.2
6.5

48.3
-

26

667.3

13.3

13.7

4.1

4.7

9.1

9.0

85.6

94.8

Pulp mills--------------------------------Paper mills, except building paper-------Paperboard mills---------------------------

261
262
263

15.1
176.6
65.7

16.5
10.1
13.6

14.0
11.3
12.6

3.2
3.2
3.7

3.0
3.8
3.9

13.3
6.9
9.8

11.0
7.5
8.6

95.4
80.5
97.2

74.4
96.2
90.7

Miscellaneous converted paper products---Paper coating and glazing--------------Envelopes-------------------------------Bags, except textile bags--------------Die-cut paper and board----------------Pressed and molded pulp goods----------Sanitary paper products----------------Stationery products--------------------Converted paper products, n.e.c---------

264
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

198.9
52.1
22.6
46.2
16.6
4.9
19.6
6.8
30.1

13.9
13.4
14.8
14.6
11.7
18.1
13.7
13.7
13.7

14.1
15.2
15.5
14.4
11.3
15.2
9.3
19.0
14.1

4.8
4.4
5.5
4.9
3.2
6.5
5.1
4.8
5.2

5.1
5.3
6.2
5.2
4.3
6.5
2.8
7.8
5.1

9.1
9.0
9.3
9.6
8.5
11.6
8.6
8.9
8.5

8.9
9.9
9.3
9.2
7.0
8.7
6.4
11.2
9.0

77.9
75.4
75.8
83.5
52.3
140.1
72.9
79.8
82.4

86.7
88.2
97.1
96.6
62.6
127.2
53.7
107.8
86.3

Paperboard containers and boxes----------Folding paperboard boxes---------------Set-up paperboard boxes----------------Corrugated and solid fiber boxes-------Sanitary food containers---------------Fiber cans, drums, and similar

265
2651
2652
2653
2654

199.7
41.9
13.9
98.5
26.5

15.2
14.2
11.1
16.8
12.0

15.9
14.8
12.5
18.3
10.5

4.5
3.9
3.5
5.0
3.2

5.4
5.1
4.4
6.1
3.8

10.7
10.2
7.6
11.8
8.8

10.5
9.7
8.1
12.2
6.7

90.1
77.7
66.0
101.9
69.4

99.4
84.9
74.5
114.7
72.6

2655

18.9

16.3

15.8

5.2

5.3

11.0

10.5

101.3

106.6

266

11.4

13.0

16.2

4.2

6.2

8.8

9.9

136.3

182.5

Paper and allied products-------------------

Building paper and board mills-----------Printing and publishing---------------------

1,088.3

6.7

6.8

2.4

2.6

4.3

4.2

38.7

40.3

Newspapers--------------------------------Periodicals--------------------------------

27
271
272

378.8
70.0

5.8
2.9

5.5
3.1

2.1
1.0

2.3
1.1

3.6
1.9

3.2
1.9

37.5
15.1

38.2
16.8

Books-------------------------------------Book publishing------------------------Book printing----------------------------

273
2731
2732

96.4
66.9
29.5

6.8
4.5
11.0

7.6
4.8
13.6

2.2
1.5
3.5

2.6
1.7
4.6

4.6
3.0
7.5

5.0
3.1
9.0

33.3
19.6
58.7

37.7
26.0
63.0

Miscellaneous publishing------------------

274

40.2

-

3.6

-

1.3

-

2.3

-

26.5

Commercial printing----------------------Commercial printing, letterpress-------Commercial printing, lithographic------Engraving and plate printing-----------Commercial printing, gravure------------

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

349.6
158.6
170.7
11.1
9.2

8.0
7.7
8.0
7.2
17.5

8.5
8.1
8.3
7.2
19.0

3.0
3.1
2.7
2.8
7.9

3.2
3.2
3.0
2.3
8.8

5.0
4.5
5.3
4.4
9.6

5.3
4.9
5.3
4.8
10.2

46.8
47.0
42.9
41.0
126.9

49.5
50.9
45.3
26.8
128.6

Manifold business forms------------------Greeting card publishing------------------

276
277

38.9
21.6

11.0
5.6

11.5
5.6

3.8
1.8

4.2
2.3

7.2
3.7

7.3
3.3

53.4
25.4

58.5
26.9

Blankbooks and bookbinding---------------Blankbooks and looseleaf binders-------Bookbinding and related work------------

278
2782
2789

54.8
31.8
23.0

9.8
9.8
9.8

9.7
9.4
10.1

3.2
3.1
3.3

3.4
3.3
3.6

6.6
6.7
6.5

6.2
6.0
6.5

53.2
47.7
60.9

50.0
47.4
53.8

Printing trade services------------------Lithographic platemaking services-------

279
2795

38.0
4.6

2.8
-

2.9
5.6

.9
-

.8
1.2

1.9

2.1
4.4

19.7
-

10.3
8.3

1,043.7

8.4

8.2

2.9

3.1

5.5

5.1

48.9

50.6

159.4
22.3
18.6
13.3
105.2

7.6
7.7

7.1
5.7
7.4
12.0
6.7

2.4
2.2

2.7
2.3
2.7
5.2
2.5

5.2
5.5

4.4
3.4
4.7
6.8
4.2

56.6
54.2

54.0
50.1
44.8
111.3
49.3

Chemicals and allied products--------------Industrial inorganic chemicals-----------Alkalies and chlorine------------------Industrial gases------------------------Inorganic pigments---------------------Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c-

28
281
2812
2813
2816
2819

-

10.1
7.1

See footnotes at end of table.




31

-

3.0
2.2

-

-

7.1
4.8

-

73.5
46.9

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976-C ontinued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

1976
annua1
average
employment

Total
cases 5 /

2/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

5.9
9.3
2.6

5.9
8.6
3.8
3.4

2.0
3.2
.8

2.3
3.5
1.3
1.1

3.8
6.1

34.5
46.6

1.8

3.6
5.1
2.4
2.3

15.2

40.3
64.4
25.8
19.0

6.6
5.9
7.9
6.6

2.6
2.4
3.2
2.5

2.7
2.3
3.6
2.6

4.0
2.8
6.4
3.9

3.9
3.6
4.3
3.9

38.5
45.7
57.8
35.1

38.5
41.4
55.7
36.1
61.1
62.8
58.4
97.0
56.8

1975

1976

Plastics materials and syntheticsPlastics materials and resins--Cellulosic man-made fibers-----Organic fibers, noncellulosic---

282
2821
2823
2824

DrugsBlologlcal products--------Medicinals and botanlcals--Pharmaceutical preparations-

283
2831
2833
2834

169.2
15.0
134.0

6.6
5.2
9.6
6.5

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods—
Soap and other detergents------Polishes and sanitation goods--Surface active agents----------Toilet preparations-------------

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

125.0
38.0
28.9
6.3
51.8

10.1
10.1
9.8
13.4
9.9

9.7
9.1
11.3
13.8
8.8

3.6
3.8
3.5
4.5
3.5

2.9
3.9
4.7
4.8
3.3

6.5
6.3
6.3
8.9
6.3

5.8
5.2
6.6
9.0
5.5

57.6
65.9
42.3
111.9
53.1

Paints and allied products-

285

66.6

12.8

13.9

4.0

5.3

8.8

8.7

57.0

67.3

Industrial organic chemicals-----Gum and wood chemicals---------Cyclic crudes and intermediates-

286
2861
2865

159.7
6.3
33.0

8.1

2.8
2.9

3.2
6.6
3.3

5.2

9.6

8.3
14.0
9.5

6.7

5.1
7.4
6.2

51.0
58.7

47.5
113.2
53.9

Agricultural chemicalsNitrogenous fertilizersPhosphate fertilizersFertilizers, mixing only-----Agricultural chemicals, n.e.c-

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

66.3
14.1
14.6
14.9
22.7

12.0
7.8
11.5
12.8
14.1

9.8
9.0
10.2
11.9
8.7

3.7
1.9
2.8
4.4
5.0

3.3
2.7
2.2
4.2
3.9

8.2
5.9
8.6
8.4
9.1

6.5
6.3
8.0
7.7
4.8

58.4
34.0
62.9
63.8
65.1

49.2
44.6
52.9
58.1
43.8

Miscellaneous chemical productsAdhesives and sealants-------Explosives-------------------Printing ink-----------Chemical preparations, n

289
2891
2892
2893
2899

80.5
15.4
13.3
10.9
4.3

11.6
14.2
6.2
11.0
13.3

12.2
17.0
6.8
10.0
12.9

3.8
4.6
1.8
3.7
4.5

4.3
6.4
1.9
3.7
4.5

7.8
9.6
4.4
7.2
8.8

7.9
10.6
4.9
6.3
8.4

62.6
60.6
41.7
64.5
69.3

75.4
94.4
42.7
68.3
80.3

199.3

9.0

7.9

3.1

3.2

5.8

4.7

65.3

62.5

157.5

7.1

5.8

2.5

2.5

4.6

3.2

54.7

47.8

16.3
12.6
18.6

16.2
12.8
18.3

5.1
4.0
5.8

5.5
4.7
5.9

11.2
8.6
12.8

10.7
8.1
12.4

105.8
95.4
112.3

119.6
114.1
123.0

15.3
12.8
24.4

14.9
12.8
22.7

6.3
5.4
9.5

5.9
4.8
9.9

9.0
7.3
14.9

9.0
8.0
12.7

104.6
75.0
208.6

109.2
72.9
243.6

15.7

16.8

6.7

7.1

9.0

9.7

113.3

113.3

16.3
9.7
18.9
15.7
15.8

14.8
9.7
17.7
18.2
17.4

11.6
4.0
7.8
6.8
5.0

10.2
4.4
8.0
7.9
6.0

4.7
5.7
11.1
8.9
10.8

4.6
5.3
9.7
10.3
11.4

212.5
85.6
131.6
113.7
76.0

168.8
78.7
119.1
132.5
93.7

11.2

11.6

3.8

4.1

7.4

7.4

55.3

69.0

23.0
14.4

24.4
14.2

10.3
5.3

10.8
4.8

12.7
9.1

13.6
9.4

145.0
87.3

171.9
69.7

10.1
8.3
11.0
10.1
8.4

10.3
9.0
10.9
10.0
9.7

3.2
2.5
3.5
3.1
2.7

3.6
2.9
4.1
3.4
3.1

6.9
5.8
7.5
7.0
5.7

6.7
6.1
6.8
6.6
6.6

43.6
47.3
46.7
43.4
33.4

61.8
42.1
70.2
61.1
48.1

10.3

7.5
14.0

3.6

2.5
4.2

6.6

4.9
9.8

49.9

41.4
63.6

7.6
7.7
7.5

7.8
7.1
8.8

2.0
1.6
2.7

2.3
1.9
2.8

5.6
6.1
4.8

5.5
5.2
6.0

39.3
29.6
53.6

41.5
30.5
56.7

11.0

9.3

3.1

2.9

7.9

6.4

54.3

48.2

9.4

9.8

4.7

5.0

4.7

4.8

88.9

94.0

Petroleum and coal products-

29

Petroleum refining--------

25.2
96.7

20.2

Paving and roofing materials----Paving mixtures and blocks----Asphalt felts and coatings-----

295
2951
2952

30.7

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
productsLubricating oils and greases----------Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c-----

299
2992
2999

11.1

12.2
18.5

8 .8

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics productsTires and inner tubes-------------------Rubber and plastics footwear------------Rubber and plastics hose and belting----Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c-------Miscellaneous plastics products----------

301
302
304
306
307

20.3
103.2
378.2

Leather and leather productsLeather tanning and finishingBoot and shoe cut stock and findings------

311
313

Footwear, except rubberHouse slippersMen's footwear, except athletic---Women's footwear, except athletic—
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c-----

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

Leather gloves and mittensLuggage--------------------

315
316

Handbags and personal leather goodsWomen's handbags and purses------Personal leather goods, n.e.c-----

317
3171
3172

22.9

1 0 .0
165.9
9.0
70.1
2 2 .6

-

_

Leather goods, n.e.c-

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

Transportation and public utilities------

4,527.9

Railroad transportation 7/-------------

527.2

8.5

10.1

4.9

5.7

3.6

4.4

78.3

78.8

Local and interurban passenger transitLocal and suburban transportation---Taxicabs----------Intercity highway transportationTransportation charter serviceSchool buses---------------------

264.9
67.6
79.4
39.5
8.7

66.6

8.4
9.6
7.5
10.7
4.5
5.5

9.7
12.1
9.1
11.6
4.2
5.6

4.2
5.2
4.0
5.0
1.6
2.3

4.8
6.5
4.3
5.7
2.1
2.5

4.1
4.4
3.4
5.6
2.8
3.2

4.8
5.6
4.7
5.9
2.1
3.1

80.8
89.7
67.9
140.8
18.0
37.8

101.9
152.9
69.9
128.8
35.4
61.8

14.8
14.7
15.0

15.1
15.2
13.8

7.5
7.6
6.4

7.9
8.1
5.8

7.2
7.1
8.6

7.1
7.0
8.0

144.9
146.8
121.3

157.0
161.9
92.3

15.8
6.5
24.9

15.2
7.8
22.9

8.2
3.6
13.2

7.8
4.3
11.9

7.6
2.8
11.6

7.4
3.4
11.0

411
412
413
414
415

Trucking and WarehousingTrucking, local and long distancePublic warehousing----------------

421
422

1.127.5
1.039.6
83.2

Water transportatIonLocal water transportation---Water transportation services-

445
446

195.1
24.1
109.4

See footnotes at end of table.




32

294.1
75.0
500.2

283.5
103.2
457.5

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases 5/

1975

Transportation by air--------------------Certificated air transportation--------Noncertificated air transportation-----Air transportation services-------------

45
451
452
458

371.1
318.4
14.9
37.8

14.9
15.7
8.2
10.8

Nonfatal
cases
without
1081
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

14,2
14.8
8.3
11.4

7.4
7.9
2.5
4.7

7.4
7.8
3.4
5.7

7.5
7.8
5.6
6.0

6.7
6.9
4.6
5.7

1975

1976

84.7
88.4
66.7
59.0

89.6
92.5
48.5
80.6

Pipelines, except natural gas-------------

46

17.6

4.7

3.9

1.6

1.3

3.0

2.6

79.3

24.6

Transportation services------------------Freight forwarding----------------------Rental of railroad cars----------------Miscellaneous transportation services---

47
471
474
478

138.1
38.1
2.6
14.3

6.2
8.7
22.9

5.6
9.3
17.1
21.5

2.9
4.1
9.6

2.4
4.2
6.5
9.3

3.3
4.5
13.3

3.2
5.1
10.6
12.1

53.9
74.6
148.1

37.2
64.1
74.0
127.1

Communication-----------------------------Telephone communication----------------Telegraph communication----------------Radio and television broadcasting-------

48
481
482
483
489

1,156.3
941.8
17.7
158.8
38.0

3.0
2.7
5.4
2.3
13.4

2.7
2.5
4.6
2.3
8.8

1.5
1.5
2.3
.6
4.5

1.4
1.4
1.9
.7
3.4

1.5
1.2
3.1
1.7
8.9

1.3
1.1
2.6
1.5
5.4

31.9
34.4
57.9
7.6
51.4

29.1
31.7
42.6
9.1
37.3

Electric, gas, and sanitary services-----Electric services-----------------------Gas production and distribution-------Combination utility systems------------Water supply— — ----— — — — ------- — --Sanitary services----------------------Irrigation systems----------------------

49
491
492
493
494
495
497

730.0
326.2
156.3
185.2
19.0
40.3
1.9

9.3
9.1
8.2
7.7
12.7
22.1
8.7

9.8
9.6
8.7
8.0
11.7
23.5
11.5

3.7
3.1
3.5
3.1
5.1
11.4
2.5

4.2
3.5
3.7
3.8
5.4
12.9
3.3

5.6
5.9
4.7
4.6
7.5
10.6
6.2

5.6
6.1
5.0
4.2
6.3
10.6
8.1

68.5
61.6
55.6
65.6
58.7
195.5
67.0

76.2
62.8
59.2
69.8
91.7
275.6
121.7

17,627.8

Wholesale trade------------------------------

7.3

7.5

2.6

2.8

4.7

4.6

39.5

43.2

4,517.3

Wholesale and retail trade--------------------

8.2

8.1

3.2

3.3

5.0

4.8

49.5

51.8

Wholesale trade— durable goods-----------Motor vehicles and automotive equipmentLumber and construction materials------Metals and minerals, except petroleum--Electrical goods------------------------Hardware; plumbing, and heating
equipment-----------------------------Machinery, equipment, and supplies-----Miscellaneous durable goods-------------

50
501
503
505
506

2,590.1
381.6
155.9
125.6
350.4

8.0
8.8
11.9
12.9
4.1

8.0
8.8
12.5
17.3
4.1

2.9
3.1
4.0
4.9
1.5

3.0
3.2
4.9
6.1
1.5

5.1
5.7
7.9
7.9
2.6

5.0
5.6
7.6
11.2
2.6

44.4
49.7
64.6
73.5
18.3

46.6
45.8
76.3
93.0
21.8

507
508
509

210.6
1,024.9
194.1

7.3
7.5
11.9

7.7
7.0
11.1

2.7
2.7
4.8

3.1
2.5
5.1

4.6
4.8
7.1

4.6
4.5
5.9

40.5
42.4
71.8

57.8
37.6
80.4

Wholesale trade— nondurable goods--------Paper and paper products-------- — -----Drugs, proprietaries, and sundries-----Apparel, piece goods, and notions------Groceries and related products---------Farm-product raw materials-------------Chemicals and allied products----------Petroleum and petroleum products-------Beer, wine, and distilled beverages----Miscellaneous nondurable goods----------

51
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519

1,927.1
120.5
126.2
157.3
594.5
138.8
111.0
229.5
119.1
330.2

8.5
6.8
6.0
12.1
9.0
7.7
5.6
10.8
6.8

8.2
6.3
6.5
3.5
11.4
9.7
7.2
5.8
10.2
6.7

3.6
3.1
2.4
5.5
3.4
2.9
2.3
4.8
2.8

3.8
2.8
2.4
1.3
5.5
4.7
2.7
2.9
4.9
2.7

4.8
3.7
3.6
6.5
5.6
4.8
3.3
6.0
4.0

4.4
3.5
4.1
2.2
5.9
5.0
4.4
2.9
5.3
3.9

56.5
42.0
45.1
79.6
62.2
40.3
38.9
88.8
46.1

59.0
44.2
40.4
21.5
80.0
82.4
47.2
44.8
89.6
44.1

13,110.5

7.0

7.2

2.4

2.6

4.6

4.6

35.2

39.7

Building materials and garden supplies---Lumber and other building materials----Paint, glass, and wallpaper stores-----Hardware stores--------------------------

52
521
523
525

541.9
280.1
54.0
132.9

8.6
11.0
6.1
4.8

9.6
13.1
6.8
4.3

3.1
4.1
2.0
1.7

3.8
5.5
2.1
1.4

5.5
6.9
4.1
3.1

5.8
7.6
4.7
2.9

48.8
64.6
36.1
22.7

71.5
103.5
42.8
25.3

General merchandise stores---------------Department stores-----------------------Variety stores---------------------------

53
531
533

2,126.7
1,699.8
290.3

7.8
8.3
7.2

8.8
9.5
7.3

2.7
2.9
2.3

3.0
3.3
2.5

5.1
5.4
4.9

5.8
6.2
4.8

37.4
39.0
39.7

42.9
46.7
31.1

Food stores— - ------------------- ------Grocery stores— — — — — — — — — —
Meat markets and freezer provisioners—
Dairy products stores------------------Retail bakeries--------------------------

54
541
542
545
546

2,057.5
1,793.9
52.3
38.5
112.3

10.2
11.0
7.1
7.1
2.9

10.8
11.7
5.8
7.4
2.9

3.5
3.8
2.6
2.4
1.1

4.1
4.4
2.5
2.1
1.5

6.7
7.2
4.5
4.7
1.7

6.7
7.2
3.3
5.3
1.4

52.2
54.7
41.5
31.8
34.1

64.1
67.5
56.9
36.0
39.5

Automotive dealers and service stationsNew and used-car dealers---------------Auto and home supply stores------------Gasoline service stations---------------

55
551
553
554

1,738.1
765.7
224.2
627.2

8.1
10.5
9.6
4.8

7.7
10.2
9.4
3.8

2.5
2.6
3.5
2.0

2.4
2.6
3.5
1.6

5.6
7.9
6.0
2.8

5.3
7.6
5.8
2.2

38.9
31.1
65.8
38.6

42.1
40.1
61.8
37.7

Apparel and accessory stores-------------Women's ready-to-wear stores-----------Family clothing stores------------------

56
562
565

831.4
315.1
139.7

1.9
1.8
3.5

1.7
1.8
3.0

.6
.5
1.2

.6
.6
1.2

1.3
1.3
2.3

1.1
1.2
1.8

13.6
20.8
15-1

10.0
10.8
17.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores----Furniture and home furnishings storesHousehold appliance stores--------------

57
571
572

536.7
327.9
83.4

4.7
5.4
4.8

4.4
5.3
4.3

1.9
2.2
1.9

1.9
2.4
1.7

2.8
3.2
2.9

2.5
2.9
2.5

36.5
43.2
38.6

35.6
43.5
35.9

Eating and drinking places----------------

58

3,610.6

6.8

6.8 .

2.3

2.4

4.5

4.4

28.6

28.6

Miscellaneous retail---------------------Used merchandise stores----------------Miscellaneous shopping goods stores----Nonstore retailers--------------------- Fuel and ice dealers---------------- ----

59
593
594
596
598

1,667.6
47.0
463.9
257.3
102.5

3.4
7.1
2.1
5.3
7.4

3.7
7.6
2.1
6.8
7.3

1.3
3.2
.8
2.0
3.3

1.5
2.8
.7
2.6
3.7

2.1
3.9
1.3
3.3
4.1

2.2
4.8
1.4
4.1
3.6

24.3
49.7
13.2
32.6
50.7

27.0
52.7
17.3
41.0
70.3

Retail trade---------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




33

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

SIC
Industry 1/
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
in thousands)
3/

Total
cases 5J

1975

Finance, insurance, and real estate-----------

1976

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1975

1976

1975

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

4,148.5

2.2

2.0

.8

.7

1.4

1.2

10.8

11.6

Banking------------------- -— ---------------Commercial and stock savings banks-------Trust companies, nondeposit--------------Functions closely related to banking------

60
602
604
605

1,299.8
1,186.2
2.1
29.2

1.8
1.8
.4
1.3

1.5
1.4
.5
1.5

.6
.6
.2
.4

.5
.4
.2
.5

1.2
1.2
.2
.9

1.0
1.0
.3
1.0

9.0
8.9
.4
5.6

6.7
6.0
2.6
7.4

Credit agencies other than banks-----------Savings and loan associations------------Business credit institutions--------------

61
612
615

444.6
175.0
24.1

1.0
1.4
1.0

1.2
1.5
1.0

.3
.4
.4

.4
.5
.3

.7
1.0
.6

.8
1.0
.7

3.2
4.9
3.7

5.6
4.5

Security, commodity brokers, and services--Security brokers and dealers-------------Security and commodity exchanges---------Security and commodity services-----------

62
621
623
628

175.8
146.5
4.5
19.4

1.0
.7
7.6
1.7

.8
.6
3.8
1.7

.4
.2
5.0
.8

.3
.2
1.8
.6

.6
.5
2.6
.9

.5
.4
2.0
1.1

3.5
1.9
36.4
10.5

4.1
3.0
19.7
8.6

Insurance carriers--------------------------Life insurance----— ---------------------Medical service and health insurance-----Fire, marine, and casualty insurance-----Surety Insurance--------------------------Pension, health, and welfare funds-------Insurance carriers, n.e.c-----------------

63
631
632
633
635
637
639

1,006.7
437.1
122.0
386.4
4.6
13.6
6.8

1.7
1.5
1.8
1.9
.7
1.1

1.7
1.5
1.9
2.0
1.2
1.0
1.9

.6
.5
.8
.6

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.3
.3
.8

1.1
.9
1.1
1.3
.8
.5
.9

8.2
7.2
8.8
9.8

•9
.3

.6
.6
•7
.6
.5
.4
1.0

2.5
1.0

9.8
12.4
8.4
8.0
3.2
4.6
10.7

Real estate__________________________________
Real estate operators and lessors--------Real estate agents and managers----------Title abstract offices-------------------Subdividers and developers----------------

65
651
653
654
655

771.5
402.5
249.0
17.9
102.1

5.0
5.6
3.3
.6
7.4

4.6
4.8
3.3
.3
7.6

1.9
2.1
1.2
.4
2.8

1.8
1.9
1.4
.1
3.1

3.1
3.5
2.1
.2
4.5

2.7
2.9
1.9
.2
4.5

28.7
33.2
18.2
4.2
39.6

31.7
35.4
22.0
2.8
47.4

Services-

-

- -

- -

- -

- -

-

—

-

-

_

14,157.9

5.5

5.3

2.0

2.0

3.5

3.3

32.6

38.4

Hotels and other lodging places------------Hotels, motels, and tourist courts--------

70
701

924.4
877.7

8.2
8.1

8.0
8.0

2.6
2.6

2.8
2.8

5.6
5.5

5.2
5.2

45.0
45.0

49.4
49.7

Personal services---------------------------Laundry, cleaning, and garment services---

72
721

842.2
358.0

3.3
6.1

3.2
5.9

1.3
2.4

1.3
2.2

2.0
3.7

1.9
3.6

20.8
35.5

26.1
34.1

Business services---------------------------Advertising-------------------------------Mailing, reproduction, stenographic------Services to buildings--------------------Personnel supply services----------------Computer and data processing services----Miscellaneous business services-----------

73
731
733
734
736
737
739

2,157.0
123.9
87.5
402.2
6.0
154.4
1,010.2

5.0
3.1
4.2
7.5
8.5
1.0
4.9

4.7
2.8
3.9
7.2
7.4
1.9
4.5

2.0
1.0
1.5
3.3
3.1
.3
2.0

1.9
1.1
1.4
3.0
2.8
.6
1.8

3.0
2.1
2.7
4.2
5.3
.7
2.9

2.8
1.7
2.5
4.2
4.6
1.2
2.7

32.9
16.4
18.7
48.6
44.3
4.9
35.7

36.4
13.0
37.5
54.2
42.3
6.8
40.1

Auto repair,
Automotive
Automotive
Automotive

services, and garages---------rentals, without drivers------repair shops------------------services, except repair--------

75
751
753
754

463.3
84.4
284.5
57.6

9.0
8.6
10.5
5.3

7.4
6.8
8.4
5.2

3.4
3.2
3.9
2.2

2.7
2.5
3.1
2.0

5.6
5.4
6.6
3.1

4.6
4.2
5.3
3.2

66.1
67.1
74.9
45.1

56.8
38.3
69.7
37.8

Miscellaneous repair services--------------Electrical repair shops------------------Miscellaneous repair shops----------------

76
762
769

229.0
67.3
134.8

10.2
6.5
13.3

9.1
6.9
11.3

3.9
2.3
5.1

3.5
2.4
4.4

6.3
4.2
8.2

5.5
4.5
6.9

67.4
43.6
87.1

58.6
38.9
72.0

Motion pictures______________________________
Motion picture production and services--Motion picture theaters-------------------

78
781
783

203.4
65.9
127.4

3.4
4.6
2.6

3.8
5.6
2.3

1.0
1.5
.6

1.4
2.1
.7

2.4
3.1
2.0

2.4
3.5
1.6

20.0
34.5
10.8

27.7
41.2
17.7

Amusement and recreation services----------Bowling and billiard establishments------Miscellaneous amusement and recreational
services---------------------------------

79
793

632.5
98.9

8.6
4.2

8.3
3.9

2.8
1.2

2.8
1.3

5.7
3.0

5.5
2.6

40.0
12.0

43.8
22.0

799

384.2

9.3

9.1

2.9

3.1

6.4

6.0

41.6

38.1

Health services______________________________
Nursing and personal care facilities-----Hospitals-------------- --------------- ---Medical and dental laboratories----------Outpatient care facilities---------------Health and allied services, n.e.c---------

80
805
806
807
808
809

4,348.1
791.1
2,387.6
88.5
73.6
50.3

6.8
9.1
8.7
3.1
3.2
5.1

6.9
10.0
8.6
2.5
2.5
5.3

2.5
3.8
3.1
.7
1.2
2.2

2.6
4.1
3.1
.6
1.0
2.7

4.3
5.3
5.6
2.4
2.0
2.8

4.3
5.8
5.5
1.7
1.5
2.6

40.3
58.8
49.8
11.0
20.7
62.5

56.6
65.1
77.1
7.7
16.0
55.0

Educational services-----------------------Colleges and universities----------------Libraries and information centers---------

82
822
823

1,187.2
680.2
14.7

3.5
4.2

4.1
5.5
2.7

1.4
1.8

-

2.6
3.5
1.7

20.7
24.9

-

1.5
1.9
1.0

2.0
2.4

-

-

17.7
18.9
13.2

Social services-----------------------------Individual and family services-----------Job training and related services--------Residential care--------------------------Social services, n.e.c--------------------

83
832
833
836
839

613.7
104.6
65.3
154.8
167.1

5.2
3.5
9.1
6.6
3.2

4.6
3.5
6.7
7.3
3.4

2.0
1.9
3.0
2.4
1.2

1.8
1.7
2.5
2.7
1.4

3.2
1.6
6.0
4.1
1.9

2.8
1.8
4.2
4.6
2.0

30.6
31.3
39.3
36.9
20.6

30.0
32.8
33.6
40.3
24.1

Museums, botanical, and zoological
gardens---------------------------------Museums and art galleries----------------Botanical and zoological gardens----------

84
841
842

25.8
20.7
5.1

7.9
5.2
16.6

7.9
5.9
15.9

2.6
1.8
5.4

2.6
1.9
5.5

5.2
3.4
11.1

5.3
4.0
10.4

42.3
37.8
57.1

38.8
23.9
98.8

Membership organizations-------------------Civic and social associations------------Membership organizations, n.e.c-----------

86
864
869

1,444.1
297.2
56.6

3.0
3.9
3.5

2.4
4.4
3.3

1.1
1.2
1.3

.8
1.5
1.4

1.9
2.7
2.2

1.6
2.9
1.9

17.6
21.3
16.0

13.4
29.6
17.3

See footnotes at end of table.




34

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1976
annual
average
employment
(In thousands)
1/

Total
cases h j

1975

Miscellaneous services---------------------Engineering and architectural services---Noncommercial research organizations------

89
891
892

723.0
384.0
92.0

2.3
3.0
3.4

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

2.1
2.6
2.7

.7
.9
1.1

.7
.9
1.0

1.6
2.1
2.3

1.4
1.7
!. 7

1/

|

8.8
11.5
13.7

1976

10.1
13.4
15.9

Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for industries not shown separately.

2/

1975

Standard Industrial Classification Manual SIC, 1972 Edition.

3/ Annual average employment for nonagricultural industries is based primarily on employment covered by State unemployment insurance programs.
For
those industries in which the unemployment insurance program does not have complete coverage and there is no change in the content of the industry
classification between the 1967 and 1972 SIC manuals, estimates from the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Earnings Survey, which are based
on the 1967 manual, are used. Annual average employment for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing division is a composite of data from the
unemployment insurance program, and estimates of hired-farm workers engaged in agricultural production (SIC 01 and 02) provided by the Statistical
Reporting Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The agricultural production estimates are adjusted to exclude employment on farms with fewer than
11 employees.

k)

The incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as:
(N/EH) X 200,000, where
N
= number of injuries and illnesses or lost workdays
EH
= total hours worked by all employees during calendar year
200,000
■ base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

5/ Includes fatalities.
Because of rounding, the difference between the total and the sum of the rates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases
without lost workdays does not reflect the fatality rate.
6/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

Tj

Data conforming to the OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and for
railroad transportation (SIC 40) were provided by the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration, U.S. Department of the Interior, and by the
Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
NOTE:

Dashes indicate no data reported, or data that do not meet publication guidelines.
n.e.c - not elsewhere classified.

SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




35

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Z/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size

SIC
code

2/

Mean
4/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

Private sector 5/
All
1
20
50
100

9.2
4.0
8.9
11.4
13.0
12.4
10.8
9.2
7.6

500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000
to 2,499-------------------------------2,500 and over----------------------------------

0.0
0.0

11.0
6.5
10.4
13.7
15.1
18.3
16.5
23.3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

0.0
0 .0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.7
9.6
11.5
15.7
13.3
(*)

0 .0

15.3
20.8
21.1
24.1
23.7
(*>

.2
6.7
9.1
9.0
9.0
6.7
6.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.7
3.8
4.0
3.0
2.9

0.0
0.0

13.0
17.0
18.7
17.8
15.1
12.9
10.9

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
All
1
20
50

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------

250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000
to 2,499-------------------------------Agricultural production------------------- — -----

01-02
11.5
6.8
9.6
12.9
13.9
16.9
17.2
26.2

1 to 19------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999------------------------------------

Agricultural services-----------------------------

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0 .0
0 .0

12.6

0 .0

28.5

3.3
9.2
<*)

27.5
<*)

3.7
9.0
(*)

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

6.1
9.6
(*)

1 7.6

18.5
(*)

0.0

23.9
24.8
30.8
(*)

0.0
0.0

23.3
23.1
32.0
(*>

12.7
11.3
18.8
10.8
12.3

0.0
0.0

13.5
8.1
20.9
11.1
18.9

0.0
0.0

2 9.0

08

6.9
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0

(*)
(*)

15.6
15.3
22.8
(*>
(*>

085

sizes-----------------to 19-----------------to 49-----------------to 99-----------------to 249-----------------

5.8
(*)
(*>

0.0
0 .0
0.0

(*)
(*)

5.5
0.0

10.4
(*)
(*)

09

All
1
20
50

sizes-----------------to 19-----------------to 49-----------------to 99------------------

4.5
2.6
7.6
18.5

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

(*)

(*)

All
1
20
50
100

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

11.0
7.1
11.9
15.4
12.5
12.5
8.7
4.3

0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0

10.5
16.2
22.0
(*>

20.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Fishing, hunting, and trapping-

0.0
0.0
0.0

8.4
16.0
18.9
(*)

19.3
17.0

50 to 99-------------------------------------

All
1
20
50
100

0.0
0.0

13.9
10.0
18.0

250 to 499------------------------------------

Forestry services------------

.5
3.5
7.1
(*>
(*>

12.1
45.2
13.9
19.5
19.1
23.7
(*>
(*>

078

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19-------------------------------------

All
1
20
50
100

1.9

14.4
8.1
13.7
16.5
23.1
20.4

250 to 499------------------------------------

Forestry------------------------------------------

0.0
0.0

072

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------

Landscape and horticultural services-----------

3.7
1.1
9.1
10.1
15.7
(*>
(*>

10.7
6.5
12.1
16.4
19.7
21.8

100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499------------------------------------

All
1
20
50

0.0

07

1 to 19-------------------------------------

Crop services-----------------------------------

1.2
4.5
7.5
6.4
(*)

3.1

36

0.0

5.3
10.1
7.3
7.6
6.9
3.4

2.0
2.3
2.8
3.0
1.6

0.0
0.0

9.1
(*)

5.7
0.0

18.5
23.9
19.1
20.9
13.3
6.2

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry

See footnotes at end of table.




37

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers Zf

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1 /

Residential building construction-------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

SIC
code
2/

Mean

to
to
to
to

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250

0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

19.8
9.1
29.6
32.9
33.8
33.7
31.0
(*)
(*)

15.4
19.8
21.9
18.3
16.2
(*)
(*)

15.5
9.5
9.5
7.5
(*)
(*)

0 .0

0 .0

0.0
10.0
16.8
17.2
14.3
16.9
13.5
(*>

0.0
2.0
8.3
10.1
7.5
11.1
7.5
<*)

14.5
9.0
13.4
15.0
17.2
15.5
18.0

0.0
0.0
10.3
13.7
14.9
12.6
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
1.5
7.3
10.2
6.6
(*)

17.1
13.1
19.2
20.9
21.0
20.2
20.3
14.2
6.4

0 .0

0 .0

0.0
9.8
20.5
18.6
16.4
16.5
13.3
(*)

0.0
2.3
9.4
9.8
8.4
10.8
7.5
(*>

15.3
9.5
19.4
21.4
20.8
16.2
15.8
16.2

0.0

0 .0

0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0

15.7
19.7
18.9
12.1
13.3
(*)

2.8
9.8
11.9
7.0
7.5
(*)

30.3
29.8
29.4
24.5
19.9
(*)

16.3
9.6
20.5
22.9
20.6
17.3
30.2

0.0

0 .0

0 .0
17.9
21.4
18.2
12.9
<*)

0.0
7.1
11.6
15.9
7.0
(*>

9.0
0.0
29.8
32.0
24.5
28.5
(*)

16.9
6.4
24.1
26.5
27.6
26.0
22.7
19.6
(*>

16.4
9.9
19.8
21.6
24.4
22.2
(*>

162
17.5
5.1
26.8
31.1
30.3
28.3
27.0
18.9
(*>

17

171

172
10.1
5.9
12.4
15.7
27.2
16.8

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
14.0
22.6
24.8
(*)

161

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Painting, paper hanging, and decorating--------

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.9
7.0
(*>

16.3
11.8
17.1
18.3
19.4
18.3
20.0
14.5
6.4

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning--------

0.0
0.0
.8
9.8
14.4
<*)

16

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Special trade contractors------------------------

0.0
0.0
21.3
26.2
28.4
<*)
(*>

18.7
12.6
18.7
23.2
23.0
19.5
19.4
12.2
13.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Heavy construction, except highway-------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.8
(*>
(*>

154

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Highway and street construction----------------

0.0
0.0
6.5
7.0
17.0
(*>
(*)

9.5
3.6
11.7
16.0
16.8
9.7

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Heavy construction contractors-------------------

Third
quartile

153

49------------------------------------99------------------------------------249-----------------------------------499------------------------------------

Nonresidential building construction-----------

First
quartile

11.3
8.1
12.5
16.8
19.9
26.8
14.7

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------20
50
100
250

A/

152

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Operative builders------------------------------

Median

i/

38

0 .0
0 .0

0.0

0 .0
5.8
14.0
28.7
(*)

0.0
6.1
17.8
(*>

19.4
23.3
37.7
(*)

0.0

0 .0

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size, United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Electrical work--------------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

14.1

Third
quartile

6.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0 .0

14.8

4.3
10.5
4.0

26.6
28.8
25.1

6.6

2 1.6

2 1.1

13.5
9.7
(*>
(*>

(*)
(*>

(*>
(*>

0.0

0.0

8 .0

0.0

17.2

11 .8

0.0
0.0

2 0.0
2 0 .2

19.3
22.3
(*)

10.9
8.3
(‘ )

12.7
7.6
21.3
24.0
28.6
21.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

17.3
19.2
<*)
(*)

0.0

34.9
33.3
(*)
(*)

21.4
14.9
26.6
27.5
28.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

23.1
23.8
31.8

8.7
13.7
14.2

0.0

0.0

2 1.1

0.0
0.0

28.9
26.5
32.4
(*>

175

8.5
(*>
<*)

0.0

176
18.3
9.8
44.7
39.6
46.2

177
14.2
9.6
18.6
18.8
28.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0 0

11 .2

0.0

10 .6

14.6
23.7
(*>

4.5
13.5
(*)

31.6
28.2
34.0
(*)

13.4
10.5
19.3
24.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

15.4
(*)

2 .8

(*>

29.9
(*>

17.3
11.7

0.0

0.0

13.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

2 0 .6

16.4
17.4
25.5
(*)
<*)

2 .2

<*)
<*)

32.0
30.7
31.5
(*)
(*)

0.0

0.0

1 6.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

8.5
13.3
14.4

0.0

22.0

4.6

25.5
25.1

12 .2

9.7
7.8

6.5
5.1
3.8

6.0

2.8

17.0
13.5
10.3

14.1

3.0

0.0

20.7

11 .6

0.0

0.0

8 .8

17.6
20.9

0.0

0.0

16.9
13.1

17.1
17.6
14.3
10.9

7.3
9.0
7.9
5.8

10 .1

8 .2

0.0

6.4

0.0

19.9
30.0
29.3
23.9
18.8
14.2
11.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2 0 .2

7.7

178

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99
- - - -

Miscellaneous special trade contractors--------

First
quartile

174

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Water well drilling----------------------------All
1
20
50

11.0

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Concrete work----------------------------------All
1
20
50
100
'250

13.6
8.7
17.5
20.3
15.5
14.3
12.3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Roofing and sheet-metal work-------------------

Median
A/

173

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Carpentering and flooring---------------------All
1
20
50
100
250

Mean
4/

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Masonry, stonework, and plastering------------AH
1
20
50
100
250

SIC
code
2/

0.0

179

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99-------------------- ----------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

2 1.1

23.6
16.4
16.5

7.2
11.6

Manufacturing
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

13.2
9.2
14.4
17.7
17.9
15.2

sizes-------------------- ---— -----------to 1 9 -------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------and over--------------------------------- —

12 .1

9.7
7.7

6.8

2 1.1

Durable goods
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes-------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------ —
to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------and over-----------------------------------

Lumber and wood products------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

20 .8

7.9
24
2 2.1

sizes-------------------- 1----------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499-----------------------------------

15.5
23.7
26.5
24.4
19.9
15.9
18.2

See footnotes at end of table




39

2 2.6

12 .2

22.3
17.7
12.9
(*)

12.4
10.5
7.6

c* )

24.7
15.8
33.9
38.1
34.4
27.5
23.1
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

SIC
code

2/

Logging camps and logging contractors----------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

25.1

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
,50
100
250
500
1,0 0 0

All
20
50
100
250
500

0.0
0.0

22.4
18.9
(*)
<*)

7.7
13.8
12.9
12.3
(*>
(*>

27.2
17.2
33.8
35.2
34.7
31.6
(*)
(*)

2 1.6

21.0
2 1.8

243
6.6

0.0

22.4

12 .0

0.0

0.0

11 .8

2 1.6

17.4
20.4
21.5
15.4
(*)

7.0

30.4
32.9
31.8
24.9
(*>

2 0.0

23.2
23.9
17.8
12.4

10 .6
12 .0

9.0
(*)

244
20 .6

16.4
21.9
2 2.0
22.6

15.6

0.0

-

0.0

0.0

0.0

19.4
18.3
19.6
(*)

8.5
7.6
9.4
(*>

19.7
11.5
33.2
32.0
32.9
(*)

245
30.6
15.1
25.1
35.6
30.8
25.5
28.3

19.6
0.0

0.0

19.1
30.9
27.8
(*>
(*>

10.5
17.8
15.4
(*>
<*)

7.9

38.9
18.2
34.3
47.3
45.4
(*)
<*)

18.0

249
17.3

0.0

0.0

8 .1

0.0

0.0

0.0

19.8
21.3
18.4
20.4
13.7

16.9
19.2
17.3
(*)
(*)

4.8
8.4

28.2
31.8
27.9
(*)
(*)

10 .2

(*)
(*)

25
5.7

0.0

11.1

0.0

0.0

17.4
20.3
20.7
16.7
14.1
13.1
7.0

13.3
17.7
18.3
15.8

3.2

16.9

8 .0
10 .6
8 .6

21.5
9.6
29.1
29.2
29.4
23.5

7.4
7.5
(*)

21.2

c*)

6.8

0.0

21.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

12.4
17.9
16.8
15.2

2 .0

27.9
28.7
27.9
23.3
17.2
(*)

12 .8
12 .1

18.3
(*>

251
16.1
11.4
17.1
19.5
19.4
16.3
12.7
12.3

11 .2

(*)

8 .0
10 .1

8.3
7.0
<*)

252
17.5
14.9
26.8

sizes-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

2 2.1

16.6
15.7

See footnotes at end of table.




6.7
0.0

16.7

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499-----------------------------------

Office furniture---------------------------------

2 2.1

51.8
47.5
34.2
(*)
(*>

22.2

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------and over-----------------------------------

Household furniture------------------------------

26.1

0.0

12.7
16.8
16.0
(*>
<*)

2 2.2

All sizes-------------------------------------1 to 19-------------------------------------20 to 49------------------ — ----------------50 to 99-------------------------------------100 to 249------------------------------------250 to 499------------------------------------500 to 999------------------------------------Furniture and fixtures----------------------------

0.0

0.0

14.3
24.4
25.4
23.8

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Miscellaneous wood products---------------------

0.0

26.7
40.9
25.7
<*)
(*>

242

All sizes______________________________________
1 to 19---- ----------------------------------20 to 49-------------------------------------50 to 99-------------------------------------100 to 249------------------------------------250 to 499-------------------------------------Wood buildings and mobile homes-----------------

Third
quartile

30.8
36.9
26.9
19.6
22.5

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Wood containers----------------------------------

First
quartile

2 1.0

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999— — ------------ ------- — ---- to 2,499-----------------------------------

Millwork, plywood, and structural members------

Median
4/

241

sizes-------------------------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Sawmills and planing mills----------------------

Mean
4/

40

11.4
(*)
18.1
23.7
(*)
<*)

0.0

(*)
12 .2
12 .2

(*>
(*>

24.7
(*)
31.6
32.8
<*)
(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1 /

Public building and related furniture----—
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

SIC
code
2/

----

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

21.4
14.6
2 1.2

21.4
26.3
18.6
2 2.6

14.2
12.9
15.9
17.4
17.3
15.6

16.1
10.9
17.0
19.8
18.6
16.7
14.8
13.0
12 .2

All
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

0.0

8.7
8.4
13.2
(*)
(*>

0.0

0.0

8.7
9.3
14.9
(*)
(*)

3.1
3.3
6.4
(*)
(*)

25.5
19.2
33.9
29.6
38.3
(*>
<*)

6.4
19.4
27.7
28.3
(*)
(*)

8 .1

19.5
10.4
25.5
28.0
26.3
24.3

8 .6

2 0 .6

6.9
(*)

17.2
(*)

4.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

14.3
17.4
16.1
14.0
13.8
9.7
(*)

5.3
8.5
9.1

2 .0

(*)

23.8
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
<*)
(*)

6.3
(*>
<*)
13.1
14.5
15.4

0.0

16.8
(*>
(*)
22.9
26.0

322
14.5
8.5
15.7
16.3
17.2
16.7
12.9
7.3

11 .2

(*)

(*)
(*)
5.7
8.7
10.4
7.4
(*>

22.2

17.8
(*)

323
18.3
9.5
23.7

7.0

0.0

0.0

0.0
8 .6

28.0
26.0
11.9

18.7
13.7
27.9
<*)
<*)

13.3
10.7
11.5
15.8
8.5

11.7
(*>
<*)
14.0
(*>

6 .1

17.6
13.7
18.2
19.0
20.5
16.3
7.9

16.3
(*)
18.4
17.3
19.6
(*)
(*)

5.9
(*)
6.4

16.5
12.5
19.2
19.9
18.9
12.3
15.7

5.7
7.6
19.5
16.6
(*)
(*)
(*)

2 0 .0

3.9
14.8
<*)
(*>

23.0
9.6
34.8
33.6
41.0
<*)
(*>

324

(*>
(*)
8.9
(*>

18.0
(*>
(*)
2 1.1

(*>

325

sizes-------------------------------------to 19----------------------- ------- ---— —
to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

8 .0

12.3
(*)
(*)

25.5
(*)
28.9
27.5
28.0
(*)
<*)

326

sizes-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499-----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0

9.6
(*)

12 .8

sizes"
- -....... ■
to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499-------------------------------------

Pottery and related products--------------------

7.2
0.0

20.4
19.4
24.3
(*>
<*)

13.8
22.9

sizes----------------------- — -----------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Structural clay products------------------------

22.2

23.8
<*)
(*>
28.9
28.7
(*>
(*>

17.8
11.9

All sizes-------------------------------------2 0 to 49-------------------------------------50 to 99-------------------------------------100 to 249------------------------------------250 to 499------------------------------------500 to 999------------------------------------1,000 to 2,499----------------------------------2,500 and over-----------------------------------

Cement hydraulics--------------------------------

(*)
(*)

(*>
(*>
10.5
17.1
(*)
(*)

321

100 to 249__________________ __________________
250 to 499------------------------------------500 to 999-------------------------------------

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

0.0

32

? ? to ” --------------------------------------

Products of purchased glass----------------- ----

Third
quartile

259

All sizes--------------------------------- -----

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown-----------

First
quartile

254

sizes------------- -----------------------to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999------------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Flat glass---------------------------------------

8.7
(*>
(*>
18.4

2 2.1

sizes-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Stone, clay, and glass products------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

19.2
9.3
14.6
21.9
23.7
17.8

sizes______________________________________
to 19-------------------------------------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures------------

Median
4/

253

sizes-------------------------------------to 19--------------------------- -----------to 49-------------------------------------to 99-------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------to 499------------------------------------to 999-------------------------------------

Partitions and fixtures-------- -----------------

Mean
4/

41

0 .0
0 .0
10 .6

10.4
(*>
(*>
<*)

17.0
13.5
24.4
28.3
<*)
<*)
(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size \ !

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products--------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250

AH
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

13.3
25.7
30.4
24.0
(*>
(*)

19.5
328
15.3
8.5
18.1
2 0 .1

24.9

11.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

14.7
(*)
(*>

9.1
(*)
(*)

24.6
(*)
(*)

17.6

329
15.8
7.5
15.2
16.7
19.1
16.5
13.4

4.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

12 .0

1.8

2 1.2

14.2
16.5
14.1
<*)
(*>

4.4
8.9
9.0
<*)
(*>

25.4
28.3
23.7
(*)
<*)

17.7

4.3

0.0

0.0

11 .1

20.7
25.1
23.3
19.4
15.4
9.2

10.5

8.6

9.1
14.6
12.4
11.7
9.8
5.6
4.5

32.4
23.5
35.2
41.6
39.4
29.4
23.6
14.9
14.6

12 .2

16.5
(*)

6.6

24.8
2 0 .1

2 1.2

8 .2

26.2
19.5
16.9
9.5
9.9

19.2
18.1
18.5
14.3
8.9
7.9

26.9
26.0
35.4
38.9
38.6
28.2
24.0
19.3
16.1

10 .1

33
16.6
17.0
25.1
30.3
27.4
21.3
17.5

331

10.5
5.7
3.6

30.8
(*)
32.1
33.9
33.2
24.6
24.5
13.8
15.4

27.3
(*)
26.5
33.7
35.7
27.0
22.5
(*)
<*)

16.0
<*>
16.2
20.9
19.2
17.0
12.7
(*>
(*>

47.3
(*)
50.5
51.9
52.6
39.1
32.5
(*>
(*>

14.4
11.5
36.6
14.2
17.4
17.1
10.4

9.5
<*)
(*>
(*>
(*>
15.7
(*>

0.0

18.7
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)
22.5
(*>

27.5
26.6
30.4
30.4
24.9

14.3
22.5
27.7
25.6
(*>

13.7
7.3
18.6
26.2
18.3
15.4

13.0
(*>
16.6
20.3
17.9
13.4

12 .0

11 .8

22.8

(*>
13.0
7.6
12 .6

332

333

(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)
7.8
(*)

334
0.0

13.2
17.1
16.2
(*)

30.3
31.4
44.1
44.7
<*)

335

sizes________ __________________ _________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

9.3
9.4

See footnotes at end of table.




2 0 .2

5.5
10.3
7.9
(*)
(*)

11 .8

sizes------------------------------------to 49-------------- ------------ -------- —
to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Nonferrous rolling and drawing-----------------

0.0
0.0

17.0

sizes---— ------------------ ------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Secondary nonferrous metals--------------------

1.9
0.0

14.9
19.4
14.5
(*)
<*)

2 2.1

sizes___ _ _ _ _
_ _
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Primary nonferrous metals----------------------

Third
quartile

17.3

sizes____________________ _________ _______
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Iron and steel foundries----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

16.7

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Blast furnace and basic steel products---------

First
quartile

12 .1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Primary metal industries-------------------------

Median
4/

327

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products----All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Mean
4/

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Cut stone and stone products------------------All
1
20
50
100

SIC
code
2/

42

(*>
(*>

2 .8

(*)
3.9
11.9
9.3
8 .2

7.6
(*)
(*)

23.2
<*)
26.1
37.7
24.5
22.5
16.5
(*)
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry

See footnotes at end of table.




43

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per

100

full-time workers _3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Metal services, n.e.c-------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

SIC
code
2/

Mean
4/

17.2
10.3
17.2
21.7
24.3
18.6
7.0

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

6.6

2 0 .6

0.0
0.0

(*)
(*)

10.4
27.0
30.5
34.9
(*)
(*)

1.3
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

18.2
<*)
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*)

23.5

9.1
11.1

9.0
(*)
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

8 .2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

18.9

16.0
17.7

5.5
9.2

28.5
27.7
30.9
25.6

2 0 .1

22.7
18.1
17.2
15.8
5.4

2 1.0

11 .8

17.4
15.4
(*)
(*)

10 .2

10.4
(*)
(*)

22.0

19.3
8.9
25.4
28.5
28.5
23.8
18.9
16.1

(*)
<*)

35
14.2

0.0

0.0

10 .8

0.0

0.0

17.2
19.8

1.3

16.9
12.7

13.0
17.4
18.5
14.9
11.3

11.1

10 .1

2 0 .2

8 .6

6.7

12.3
6.5
21.9
18.5
13.8
12.7
10.4

6.9
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

8 .1

9.7
8 .1

6.5
5.2
3.2

11 .8

351

12 .6

0.0

18.7

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

cm

(*>
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

352
19.8
26.5
21.9
27.5
25.4

20.7
18.5
16.5
26.1
23.6

2 0 .1

21.0

.5
0.0

49.3
64.1
30.3
39.1
34.0
27.0
(*)
<*)
(*>

<*)
(*>
(*>

4.7
15.5
15.6
12.5
(*>
(*)
(*)

11.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

6.3

10 .2

18.0
18.5
23.5
19.8
14.3
16.0
(*)

13.4
7.8
14.3
16.4
16.9
16.9
10.9
11.3

0.0

0.0

6 .1

11.3
14.1
15.7
15.3
10.5
(*)

0.0

22.2

7.0
8 .8

23.7
23.7

9.0
6.3
(*)

16.5
(*)

19.3
12 .2

19.8
353
17.4
14.4
22.7
21.5
24.5
2 0 .8

16.3
16.9

9.8
(*)

26.2
15.7
31.2
29.4
33.6
28.2
22.3
23.1
(*)

0.0

16.1

11 .2

14.5
12 .6
10 .2

354

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0

0.0

10 .2

18.3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Metalworking machinery-------------------------

0.0

11.5
18.9
22.7
(*>
<*)

349

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over-------------- ------- ------------

Construction and related machinery------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

20.3
18.8
17.8
13.8

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Farm and garden machinery---------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

2 .0
10 .8

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Engines and turbines---------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

10 .2

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Machinery, except electrical---------------------

Third
quartile

348

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19_____________________________________
20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499--------------------------------Miscellaneous fabricated metal products--------

First
quartile

347

sizes- ■ ■ 1 ...... .i■■ ................ ...
■
■
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249---------------------------*
--------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c----------------

Median
4/

44

0.0

2 1.8

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States; 1976—Continued
Incidence races per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range UJ

Industry and employment size 1/

Special industry machinery--------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

6.5

0.0

2 1.2

0.0

0.0

13.2
19.3

5.8
9.5

2 0 .2

16.1
9.9
10.7
(*>

8.4
5.9
6.9
(*>

9.7
24.6
30.9
28.8
24.6
15.8
17.5
(*>

4.6
3.3
7.5
7.3
7.6
7.3
4.9
4.2
3.0

1.7
(*)
(*)

0.0

8 .0

(*)
(*>

(*>
(*>

1.2

0.0

8 .0

6.0

2 .6

7.3
4.9
3.7
(*>

4.7
2 .6

10.7
9.7
7.5

2 .0

6.6

(*>

(*)

10 .6

357

358
16.5
9.7
16.8
20.7
24.7
18.8
14.4
14.8
7.6

2 2.1

6.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

12.9
18.6
24.0
16.8
15.6
13.5
(*)

0.0

15.5
9.6
6.5

26.0
29.1
34.0
27.1
19.3

8 .8

2 1.6

10 .8

(*>

(*)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8
19.0
17.9
16.4
(*>
(*>

2.3
10.3

14.7
9.8
28.6
30.2
30.8
27.5
<*)
(*>

359
15.4
10.7
17.8
2 1.2

20.7
18.7
12.9
11.5

10 .8
8 .8

(*>
<*)

36
8.5
4.9
8.5
1 1 .0

13.6
12.0
8 .2

6.9
5.1

11.7

2.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

3.5
7.7

0.0

14.1
15.0
18.1
15.9

10 .2

9.7
6.3
5.2
4.2

2.4
5.2
5.3
2.9
2 .6
2 .1

11 .2

9.2
7.9

361
10 .8
6.8

9.1
16.6
16.5
13.8
9.5
6.8

5.9

5.6
<*>

0.0

0.0

0.0

14.4
15.8
13.3
8.9
(*>
<*)

6.7

4.7
7.1
7.4

0.0

(*)

8 .0

7.7
6.3
(*>
(*>

16.3
(*)
13.5
24.4
23.7
18.0
12.7
(*)
<*)

362
10 .6

All sizes------------------------------------20 to 49-----------------------------------50 to 99------------ ----------------------100 to 249----------------------------------250 to 499----------------------------------500 to 999----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499--------------------------------2,500 and over---------------------------------

8.6

9.1
14.1
13.0
9.1
10 .8

7.1

See footnotes at end of table.




9.7
9.7
10.3
9.3
<*>

22.3
9.8
28.1
28.0
25.7
26.0
21.4
<*)

21.8

All sizes— —
— —
—
—
— —
—
—
1 to 19—— ------—— —-------------------- --20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over---------------------------------Electrical industrial apparatus----------------

2 .8

2 1.6

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499— — — —
— —
— —
— ------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Electric distributing equipment----------------

0.0

17.0
10.7
11.5
7.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Electric and electronic equipment----------------

0.0

14.8
9.4
18.6

All sizes____—______ _______________________ —
1 to 19------------------------- -----------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499---------------------------------2',500 and over------------- --------------- -—
Miscellaneous machinery except electrical------

5.8
0.0

15.7
18.5
18.7
16.1
13.3
(*)

Third
quartile

356

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------- — ------- — -----------

Refrigeration and service machinery------------

Median
4/

16.9
13.2
18.5
20.5
18.7
17.5
15.3
9.9

sizes— __—_____ —_________________________
to 1 9 ------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Office and computing machines------------------

First
quartile

Mean
4/

355

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99---------------------------- ‘
-------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

General industrial machinery------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

45

0.0

10 .2

2.4
5.6

10 .6

6.0

7.1
8.4
<*)

3.4
4.5
(*>

12.4
15.4
13.4
19.4
20.4
12 .2

13.9
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry

See footnotes at end of table.




46

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers V

Middle range k )

Industry and employment size _1/

Aircraft and parts------------------------------

SIC
code
2/

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

19.3

5.1
7.6
8.5
4.4
3.4

22.6

23.9
13.0
26.3
38.0
34.7
31.6
27.3
28.4
16.9

1.6

2 0 .2

23.5
17.8
14.5
12.5
4.7

7.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

2 2.1

3.9
14.0

26.2
33.6
31.6
(»)
(*>
(*>

(*)
(*)
(*)

30.8
9.7
41.9
56.2
43.5
43.5
(*>
(*>
<*)

.9
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

38.7
(*)
<*)
(*>
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*)

22.0
21.0

374
18.1
19.1
36.2
26.0
28.7
22.7
18.3
9.2

16.2
(*)
<*)
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

15.2
16.8
12.3
25.9
17.0
13.2

0.0

0.0

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

3.5
5.9
4.3
9.1
4.3

2 .0

0.0

<*)
(*)
<*>
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

375
7.0
(*)
(*)
<*>
(*)
(*)

376

8 .8

4.9
2.7

7.0
(*>
<*)
<*)
<*)
(*>
(*>
(*)

379
27.6
15.1
18.2
34.0
35.5
29.5
28.6
25.0

11.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.9
29.1
28.3
(*)
(»)
(*)

3.3
16.1
18.8
(*)
(*)
(*)

32.5
19.4
24.6
40.8
49.1
(*)
(*)
(*)

7.2
2.5
9.9
9.0

0 .0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.4
6.3
7.9

0.0

13.6
12.3
14.0
12.9
9.9
8.7
•(*)

38

4.5
<*>

1.3
3.5
4.3
2.9
2.4
(»>

13.0

4.8
9.1

0.0
0.0

8.2

6.6

2 .2

8 .0

6.6

7.1
5.4
4.2

6.9
<*>
(*)
(*)

3.0
4.4
(*>
(*>
(*)

10 .2

8.9
7.4
5.5
5.2

8.2
6.0

8 .2

381

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

6.1

2 .2

See footnotes at end of table.




1.6

3.8

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Engineering and scientific instruments---------

0.0

9.4
10.5
13.9
13.7
9.5
7.2
3.2

373

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to. 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Instruments and related products-----------------

0.0

0.0

8.6

sizes---------- ---------------- ------— —
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999--------------- — -----------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Miscellaneous transportation equipment---------

19.4

8 .0

10 .2

sizes-------- ------ --------- -------- ---—
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts-----

Third
quartile

6.2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over------------------------- -— -----

Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts---------------

First
quartile

12.3
12.5
15.3
15.5
12.5

sizes--------------- --------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Railroad equipment------------------------------

Median
4/

372

All sizes----------------- — ----------------1 to 19--------- ------------------ --------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over----------------- --------- -—
Ship and boat building and repairing--------—

Mean
4/

47

12.4
19.5
12.5
12.5
9.1
(*)
(*)
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code
2

Measuring and controlling devices-------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

1.5
3.5
5.4
3.2
2.5
<*)

14.2
10.4
12.9
14.3
14.1

0.0

0.0

6.3

<*)
<*)
(*>
(*>
(*>

(*>
(*>
(*)
(*>
<*)

(*>
<*)
<*)
(*>
(*)

0.0

0.0

6.6

0.0

11 .8

8.5
6.4
(*>

.7
3.3
5.2
3.3
(*)

13.7
14.7
12.9
9.7
(*>

0.0

0.0

1.2

0.0

0.0

(*)
(*>
(*)

(*)
6.3
(*)
(*)

4.2
(*)
14.6
(*)
(*)

6.4
13.1
11.5
12.5
8.7
4.1
4.4
5.5

2 .1

0.0

(*>
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

7.0
23.0
7.1
6.7
7.3

3.3
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0

0.0

0.0

8 .0

10.4
3.0

8 .8

(*)

384
7.9
8.3
9.5
10 .6

9.0
6.9
6 .1

.7
6.6
8 .0

385
7.2
3.4
7.0
11.7
8.7
11 .8

10 .8

386
8.9
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*)

387

8.2

5.5

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

12.3
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

39
11.7
4.9
9.7
13.3
15.0
13.9

6.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.8

0.0

9.9

2.5
5.9
7.0
5.9
c*)
(*)

13.0
20.4
19.7
19.8
17.2
(*)
(*>

0.0

0.0

12.0

8 .1

12.4
10.7
(*>
(*)

6.6

0.0

1.9
3.5
7.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.1
4.7
(*>
(*)
(*)

0.0

2.9
12.5
11.5
(*>
<*)
<*)

12 .0

9.2

391

8 .0

10.7
11 .6

6.9

1.4
(*)
(*)
(*)

393
13.2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

8 .6
11 .8
2 0 .0
12 .8
8.6

See footnotes at end of table*




5.9
7.5
9.0
7.0
4.7
(*>

5.8
7.8
8.7

sizes____________________ i--------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Musical instruments-----------------------------

10 .2

38 3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware-----------

0.0

0.0

5.7

sizes
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries-----------

0.0
0.0

.8

6.1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Watches, clocks, and watchcases----------------

Third
quartile

2 .8

9.7
9.4

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Photographic equipment and supplies------------

First
quartile

0.0

10 .1

sizes__- - - - - - - - - —
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Ophthalmic goods-------------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500

7.9
3.8
9.4
9.0

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Medical instruments and supplies---------------

Median
4/

382

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Optical instruments and lenses----------------All
20
50
100
250
500

Mean
4/

/

48

13.3
(*)
(*)
13.8
(*)
(*)

3.2
(*)
(*)
6.6

(*)
(*)

26.5
(*)
(*)
18.6
(*)
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range k )

Industry and employment size 1 /

Toys and sporting goods-----------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

10.3

First
quartile

Third
quartile

0.0

%

0.0

1 1 .0

6.6

0.0

13.7

3.6
6.9

14.5
26.1
24.6
22.5
(*>
(*>

12 .8

15.8
(*>
(*>

8 .6

0.0

0.0

(*)
(*>

3.5
10.5

1.6

0.0

13.5
14.1
14.3
6.4
6.7

1 1 .0

.6

13.3
(*)
(*)
(*)

7.4
(*)
(*)
(*)

8.5
6.3
7.7
10.7

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0

1.3
4.6

7.3

5.5
10.5
9.2
(*)
(*)

10.4
15.9
14.2
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0

10 .1

2 1.6

19.4
(*>
(*)
(*>

396

11 .2
11.6

6.6

(*)
(*)

8 .6

399

si 7Pq _____________________________________________________

to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Median
4/

395

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Miscellaneous manufactures--------------------A1 1
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

14.0
11.3
16.2
16.9
16.9
13.1
10.4

si zes———— —— —————— ————————— ———————————
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Costume jewelry and notions--------------------

Mean
4/

394

sizes------------ — ---------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------ -----------to 249-------------------------------------------to 499------------------------- 4
to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies--------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

13.3
7.1

0.0
0.0

12 .8

6.8

15.0
17.2

19------------------------------------49------------------------------------99------------------------------------249-----------------------------------499-----------------------------------999-----------------------------------2,499------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12.3
14.6
11.4

10.7
0.0

5.3
7.9

17.5
23.2
22.9

6.0

2 1.2

16.2

(*>

(*)

(*>

11 .6

<*)

<*)

(*)

11 .8

0.0

5.5
10.5
14.1
15.1
13.4
9.3
9.0
6.5

0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

12 .8

Nondurable goods
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 249----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 499----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 999----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 2,499-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------and over------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Food and kindred products -----------------------------------------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

22.2

17.4
15.8
14.3

28.6
15.4
24.4
30.7
32.5
32.7
25.8
28.8
15.9

8 .8

7.2
0.0

2 1.2

18.3
14.8

0.0
0.0

12 .0

0.0
0.0

21.5
5.5
23.4
28.4
30.5
28.8
23.8
18.4
(*>

0.0

7.5
0.0

11.9
17.6
19.4
18.9
14.4
11.5
(*)

1.8

9.4
11.4
11.5
9.0
6.9
(*)

32.2
13.7
36.4
41.8
42.9
40.8
33.5
(*>
<*)

0.0

0.0
0.0

16.2
25.1
28.6
27.4
23.5
<*)
(*)

5.9
13.7
18.7
16.9
15.9
(*)
<*)

7.9

0.0
0.0

18.6

4.4

21.7
23.3
21.4

13.4

202

14.8
8 .0

0.0

14.2
16.2
16.7
15.9
9.7
5.3

13.0
14.8
15.3
14.6
(*)
(*)

17.6
9.2
13.3
18.1
23.4
19.4
15.2
11.7

8 .8
8 .6

0.0

9.5
(*)
(*)

22.8

11 .8

0.0

0.0

0.0

7.7
15.4
2 1.8

2.4
9.4
12.3

18.1
14.4
(*>

10.7
<*)

22.9
17.0
17.0
23.9
33.4
25.9
22.7
(*>

(*)
(*>

203

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




10 .2

0.0

201

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Preserved fruits and vegetables---------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

19.3
9.5
16.4
20.7
22.4

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Dairy products----------------------------------

11 .8

1.9
5.3
5.5
4.5

11.5
15.2
18.6

20

sizes------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 249----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Meat products-----------------------------------

3.8
8.7

49

1 1 .1

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence, rates, private sector, by industry

See footnotes at end of table.




50

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

SIC
code
2/

Tobacco stemming and redrying------------------

Third
quartile

9.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

10

5
9
9 7
12 3
13 3
11 3
9 1
7 9

6.3

0.0

6

0.0

0.0

4.4

0.0

0.0

(*>
(*)
(*)
(*>

19.1
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

22

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over----------------------------------

10

Weaving mills, cotton--------------------------

5.8
5.7
5.0
3.7
(*)

14.6
9.6
14.0
17.5
18.6
15.1
13.0
9.8
(*)

6.5
(*>
(*>
8.3
9.9
7.2
(*>

0.0

10 .8

(*)
(*)
6.3
5.3
3.3
c*)

(*>
(*>
11.3
13.6

8 .1

(*)
10.9
8.4
9.0
(*)
(*)

3.3
(*>
7.3
5.4
6.3
(*)
(*)

8 .6

0.0

(*)
(*)
(*>
14.4
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
9.2
(*)

16.9
(*)
<*)
(*)
18.6
(*)

5

2 .0

0.0

11.4

2

7.0
10.9
(*)
(*)

2.4
7.0
(*>
(*>

17.0
(*)
(*)

1

8 .0
11 .2

9.2
8.4
6.9
(*)

2 .0

221

All sizes------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over----------------------------------

9 3
9 6
9 7
9 6
9 2
8 4
10 9

12 .1

(*>

222

Weaving mills, synthetics---------------------All sizes_____________________________________
50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499----------------------- — ---------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over----------------------------------

8
12
11

9
9
5

9 0
9 1
7 6
5 5

12 .8

(*)
14.4
12 .8

12.9
(*)
(*>

223

Weaving and finishing mills, wool-------------All sizes-------------------------------------

7
9 5
28 5
15 0
15 5
7 1
11

20

99-------------------------------------

100

250 to 499-----------------------------------500
224

Narrow fabric mills----------------------------All sizes-------------------------------------

10

9

99------------------------------------249-----------------------------------499-----------------------------------999------------------------------------

12

2

13 3
8

6

8

2

3.9

0.0

3 7
7 5

0.0

0.0

1.3
3.2
7.0
7.8
6.4
(*)

0.0

7.1
(*)
(*)
13.2
17.8
13.3
9.4
(*>

0.0

11 .8

225

Knitting mills---------------------------------All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------2 0 to 49------------------------ -----------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499----------------------------------

6

2

10

0

9 3
7 0
7 3

9.4
9.5
9.1

0.0

8 .1

2.8

12.3
12.3
9.7
(*)

4.3
3.3
(*)

226

Textile finishing, except wool----------------All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499----------------------------------

13 4
10

6

4
14 7
19 8
14 7
6

11

2

8

2

(*)
(*)
3.9
10.9
7.0
6.0

<*)

17.3
(*)
(*)
19.6
•27.7
2 1.2

17.5
(*)

227

Floor covering mills---------------------------All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------2 0 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1 , 0 0 0 to 2,499----------------------------------

12

0

10

3

17
16

2

12
12

3
7

11

2

2

8 0

See footnotes at end of table.




First
quartile

15 4
10 5
16 5
20 4
13 7

Textile mill products-----------------------------

50 to
1 0 0 to
250 to
500 to

Median
4/

214

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499------------------------------------

50

Mean
4/

%

51

7.8
(*)
c*)
(*>
13.5
13.3
8.9
(*)

0.0

(*)
(*)
(*)
4.4
7.2
3.4
(*)

17.5
<*)
(*>
(*>
19.2
18.8
17.5
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers Z!

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

Yarn and thread mills------------ --------------

SIC
code
1 /

Mean
i/

to
to
to
to

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

27.5
(*)

0.0

0.0

4.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5
5.7
7.3
7.3
4.8
(*>

0.0

6.4
3.8
5.4
8.5
7.3
5.4

3.4

.8

1.9
3.7
3.8

1.6

7.5
11 .0
11 .8

11.5

2 .6

8 .2

(*)

(*>

0.0

0.0

(*)

(*)

4.8
(*)

3.3
7.2
4.6
(*)

3.6
2.5
(*)

231

.6

7.6
11 .2
11 .6

(*>

232
8 .0

2.7

0.0

8 .6

3.2
6.3
8.7
8.5
7.9
7.5

0.0

0.0

3.7

0.0

2.7
9.4

6.6

7.3
7.3
(*>

2.5
3.8
4.1
(*>

12 .0

11.5
10 .8

(*>

233
4.8
1.3
4.1
6.7

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0
1.0

5.5
9.7
10.7

7.5

4.5
6.5
7.2
(*>

6.2

0.0

0.0

5.5

1.9
4.2
6.4
7.7
6.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

2 .1

0.0

6.8

4.3
7.1
(*>

1.8

3.6
(*>

1 1 .1

7.4
2.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

6 .1

3.7

3.6
4.2
9.0
14.6
(*)
(*)

8 .2
8 .1

3.0
4.3
(*)

10 .8

(*>

234

8.3
(*)

235

10 .0

8 .2

11 .2

9.4

<*)
<*)

.3
5.6
(*)
<*)

6.3

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

3.5

0.0

0.0

8 .0

5.6
6.3
(*)

1.9
3.1
(*>

6.5
10.4
9.6
(*)

236

7.0
12 .6

5.8

238
6 .1

0.0

4.3

0.0

0.0

6.2

6.6

2 .6

0.0

6.7

**

0.0

4.6

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99--------------------- — ------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

4.8
7.0
<*)

1.4
3.5
(*)

8 .1

7.7

See footnotes at end of table.




22.6

9.8
(*)

6.0

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249---------- — ----------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories----------

8 .2

8.7
8.3

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Children's outerwear---------------------------

6.7

19.2
9.1
19.7
30.5

8 .0

sizes------------------------------------to 49— ---------------------- — ---------to 99------------------------------------to 249------- — --------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Hats, caps, and millinery— --------------------

0.0

6.7
2.3
3.0
5.2

sizes___-__________________ ______________
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999— — — — — — —
— — — — — —
to 2,499----------------------------------

Women's and children's undergarments-----------

0.0

9.6
17.1
14.4
16.4
(*)

23

sizes--------------------------------- — —
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Women's and misses' outerwear------------------

7.3
0.0

15.0
19.2
15.7
17.6
9.6

249-----------------------------------499-----------------------------------999-----------------------------------2,499----------------------------------

Men's and boys' furnishings---------- — ------—

20.3
(*>
(*>
(*)
21.9
15.2
12.5
(*)

11 .2

All sizes------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------100
250
500
1,000

3.5
c*)
(*>
(*>
9.1
4.7
5.3
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
14.1
9.1
8.3
(*)

15.4

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Men's and boys' suits and coats----------------

11.1

229

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 1 9 ------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999------------------------------------

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Third
quartile

11.9
4.4
14.4
22.9
15.7
10.7
9.1
8.5

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------1 0 0 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499----------------------------------

Apparel and other textile products---------------

First
quartile

228

All
1
20
50

Miscellaneous textile goods--------------------

Median
4/

52

8 .8

9.9
11 .2

(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

Miscellaneous fabricated textile products-----All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
100
250
500
1,000

All
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

0.0
0.0
1.5
9.0
9.6
7.2
5.9
4.7
(*)

19.5
10.3
19.5
25.4
24.1
18.2
15.9
12.6
(*)

5.5
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*>

0.0
(*)
(*>
<*)
(*)
(*)

17.9
(*)
(*>
(*)
(*>
(*)

11.4
<*)
21.3
11.3
9.0
7.9
(*)

5.4
(*>
9.0
7.3
5.9
4.5
<*)

21.8
(*)
28.3
16.6
13.4
13.1
(*)

12.6
19.1
17.9
10.4
14.2
8.9

15.3
(*>
17.6
<*)
(*)
(*)

6.6
(*>
12.0
(*)
<*)
(*)

22.3
(*>
23.3
(*)
(*)
(*>

14.1
10.2
11.8
17.2
17.6
14.6
12.7
6.6

8.3
0.0
9.3
14.8
15.3
14.0
12.1
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.8
9.8
8.5
4.7
(*)

17.8
9.9
18.9
24.4
23.0
19.5
18.3
(*>

15.9
12.5
14.1
18.6
17.9
12.8
9.4

11.5
0.0
11.7
15.8
16.6
11.5
(*)

1.3
0.0
2.9
8.7
9.8
7.0
(*)

20.5
12.1
19.3
25.1
24.0
17.9
(*)

16.2
47.4
14.8
17.7
11.1

16.1
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*>

6.0
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

32.8
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

6.8
2.5
5.0
7.6
8.7
8.5
8.5
8.4
6.3

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
4.6
6.6
6.9
7.4
7.6
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.4
3.4
4.0
3.9
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
7.0
10.9
12.2
11.2
11.8
12.0
(*>

263

264

265

266

27

sizes___—_________ ________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over------------------- --------------

See footnotes at end of table.




10.6
0.0
11.3
16.1
16.6
11.9
9.7
7.9
(*)

11.3
25.1
19.8
12.7
10.5
9.1
6.1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Printing and publishing--------------------------

5.3
0.0
11.9
12.4
17.0
16.8
(*)
(*>

262

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Building paper and board mills-----------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.9
7.0
(*)
(*>

14.0
36.8
11.6
12.9
13.4
13.8

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Paperboard containers and boxes----------------

0.0
0.0
1.9
5.4
9.3
11.6
(*)
(*>

261

sizes_____________ ____ ___________________
to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Miscellaneous converted paper products---------

Third
quartile

13.7
11.3
13.8
18.3
18.0
13.1
11.7
8.7
5.9

sizes------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Paperboard mills--------------------------------

First
quartlle

26

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Paper mills, except building paper-------------

Median
1/

9.3
4.9
8.1
9.1
12.2
12.7
11.2
2.9

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49-------------- ---------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Pulp mills--------------------------------------

Mean
4/

239

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49---------------------------------------to 99---------------------- --------- :
to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Paper and allied products-----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
i/

53

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code

2/

Newspapers-------------------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100

0.0
0.0
2.3
5.8
5.8
(*>
(*>
(*>

0.0
0.0
1.8
4.8
6.2
<*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
2.9
<*)
<*>

1.8
5.8
9.1
9.2
9.7
(*>
(*>

0.0
0.0
.4
3.9
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
6.0
9.0
(*)
(*)

8.5
3.5
6.7
10.5
12.5
12.1
10.1
12.0

0.0
0.0
1.9
8.6
9.8
11.0
9.5
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.5
5.7
6.8
6.9
<*)

0.0
0.0
10.3
15.1
16.6
18.0
14.2
<*)

11.5
12.0
15.0
12.6
11.6
7.5

6.2
6.6
12.3
12.1
9.1
(*>

0.0
0.0
7.7
6.5
6.1
(*>

14.2
20.3
23.1
18.6
18.6
(*>

5.6
6.3
8.5
9.3
7.2
4.3

.6
(*)
<*>
<•>
(*>
(*>

0.0
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*>
(*>

8.0
(*)
<*>
(*)
(*>
(*)

9.7
3.6
8.2
12.8
10.4
10.4
9.9

0.0
0.0
5.2
12.0
9.6
<*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.2
4.8
(*)
(*)

9.7
0.0
13.2
20.5
16.8
(*)
(*)

2.9
1.4
2.5
4.1
4.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
2.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1

0.0
0.0
2.5
6.7
4.7

275

276

277

278

279

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

See foootnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
(*)
(*)
(*)

3.6
1.7
4.4
5.8
4.3
5.2

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Printing trade services------------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
3.4
<*)
<*)
(*>

274

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Blankbooks and bookbinding---------------------

0.0
1.8
6.1
7.7
8.3
11.1
12.5
<*)

7.6
5.5
5.6
6.7
9.4
11.8
7.9

sizes — —
— —— ——— — — — — — — —
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Greeting card publishing-----------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7
2.7
4.9
4.9
(*)

273

sizes—
— — — — — — — — —
—
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Manifold business forms-------------------- — —

0.0
0.0
1.9
4.2
5.4
7.7
8.2
(*>

3.1
1.0
1.9
4.7
4.0
4.3
2.7
3.9

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Commercial printing------------------ ----------

Third
quartlle

27 2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Miscellaneous publishing-----------------------

First
quartile

5.5
1.9
3.9
5.0
5.7
8.0
8.9
7.3

sizes----------- — ------- — -------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over--------------------------------- -

Books------------------------------------ — -----

Median
a /

271

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------ ----------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Periodicals-------------------------------------

Mean
4/

54

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size I f

Chemicals and allied products---------- ;
--------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

8 .2

7.6
14.6
16.3
13.4
9.5
6.7
4.7
3.4

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

6.1

4.0
(*>
(*>

2 .0

.4

15.2
0.0
22.2

1.7

23.4
19.1
14.4
9.8
7.6
4.3

0.0

14.4

6.0

5.4
3.6
2.5
2 .2

4.4
0.0

0.0

0.0

9.5

0.0

22.2

4.3
5.9
3.0

25.7
18.3
9.5
7.9
(*)
(*)

12 .6

2 .0

(*>
(*>

5.4
18.7
2 2.2

11.3
7.5
4.7
3.8
(*)

0.0
0.0

9.4
5.6
2.9
2 .2
2 .1

<*)

17.7
32.2
31.2
23.9
13.9
9.2
6.5
(*)

283
6.6

0.0

0.0

7.9

4.0
7.2
9.9
11.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

3.3
7.7

0.0

8 .2

10 .0

7.1
4.7
4.8

10 .2

9.6
6.5
5.4
(*>

3.9
5.4
4.6
3.1
2.7
<*)

12 .6

15.3
16.6
11 .0
8 .0

(*>

284
9.7
9.3
11.5
14.7
13.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

7.2
11.3

0.0

11 .1

8.6

6.2

8.9
7.8
4.6

7.9
(*)
(*)

13.9
8.5
15.3
15.7
15.9
11.4
16.1

0.0
12.9
13.3
14.3
9.0
(*>

8.3
20.3
19.7
13.1
9.5
5.4
5.3
3.3

17.9
15.8
7.9
4.7
(*>
(*>

2.9
4.4
2.9
3.6
(*)
(*>

13.1
9.6
16.8
19.7
19.7
11 .6

14.2
<*>
<*)

285
2 .8

0.0
0.0
.6

6.4
6.8

4.5
(*)

17.8
0.0
24.8
23.4
24.4
17.8
(*)

286
0.0
9.6
15.6

18.4
24.3

6.8

(*)
<*>

18.5
13.7
8.3
(*)
(*)

12.0

0.0
0.0
3.0

14.6
0.0
19.9

12 .6

6 .1

2 1.8

3.5
(*)
(*)
(*)

15.7
<*>
<*)
<*)

10.9
2 0 .1

3.4
2 .6

21.0

287
9.8
7.0
14.7
15.2

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

11.1
11 .2

4.3
5.5

See footnotes at end of table.




7.6
5.1
4.3
3.3

11 .8

5.9
19.0
21.4
15.0
9.1
6.3
3.6

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Agricultural chemicals-------------------------

Third
quartile

282

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Industrial organic chemicals-------------------

12 .2

8 .0

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-------------------------------- ---to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Paints and allied products---------------------

0.0
0.0

5.0
4.0
3.7

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over-------------- — ----------— -----

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods---------------

2 .6
0.0

10.4
14.1

7.1
5.3
13.9
15.3
12.3

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over---------------------- -----------

Drugs-------------------------------------------

First
quartile

281

All sizes-------------------------- --------- 1 to 1 9 ------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499---------------------------------2,500 and over----------------- -—
Plastics materials and synthetics--------------

Median
4/

28

sizes------------------------------ -------to 19 ■----------- ----------- to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Industrial inorganic chemicals-----------------

Mean

55

1.2

0.0

7.5
(*>
<*)
<*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3J

Middle range 4/

Industry and employnent size 1 /

Miscellaneous chemical products----— ----— ---All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

<*)
(*)

4.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

7.9

0.0

12 .2
10 .8

4.3
5.3
2.9

6.6

3.8
3.8
(*>

5.8
8.4

0.0
<*)
(*)
3.5
2.3
(*>

4.4
3.4

4.2
(*>
<*>
7.3
5.4
<*)
3.6
(*)

16.2
13.2
16.9
15.1
19.6
16.1

6 .1

0.0
13.0
12.3
17.8
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.8
9.8
(*>

10 .0

9.1
6.5
6.6

2 .1
2 .0

(*>

15.8
9.9
18.7
21.8

21.5
11.5
9.1
7.9
(*)

2 .0

(*>

10.3
(*)
<*>
14.2
8.9
<*>
7.5
(*>

295
2 0 .2
12 .8

28.3
21.9
27.8
(*)

299
14.9
11 .0

0.0
0.0

9.7
17.8
19.9

17.5
(*>

16.8
9.6
18.3
21.7
20.5
17.0
13.8
13.4
9.8

7.1
0.0
13.8
17.5
18.7
14.6
9.7
12.7
(*)

14.8
13.0
13.5
17.8

12 .0

6.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.3
(*>

2 0 .2
11 .2

14.5
29.7
(*>

30
0.0
0.0
1.0
9.3
10.3
7.7
4.6

2 2.2

(*)

0.0
27.7
29.8
29.0
25.5
21.7
19.2
(*)

<*)
<*)
(*>
(*)
(*)
13.5
(*)

5.4
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
7.9
(*)

27.5
(*>
<*)
<*)
<*)
(*)
22.5
<*>

6.5
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*>

1.3
<*)
<*)
(*>
(*)

12.9
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

6.6

301

2 0 .6

16.2
15.0
11.5
302
9.7
19.9
12 .6
11 .2

4.8
304
17.7
31.5
24.1
25.8
19.3
22.5

22.0

18.2
14.7

9.8
11.3
18.6
19.2
17.9
13.5
<*)

(*>
(*>
(*>
(*>
(*>

10 .8

(*)
(*>
<*>
<*)
(*)

28.8
(*>
(*)
(*)
<*)
(*)

306

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

2 2.1
20 .8

18.6
18.1
14.8

See footnotes at end of table.




5.9
5.4
6 .1

16.5
9.6
23.1
23.8
22.3
14.5
(*)
(*)

291

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c--------------

2 .0

6.9
4.5
3.4

sizes------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Rubber and plastics hose and belting-----------

0.0

8 .1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over---------------- -----------------

Rubber and plastics footwear-------------------

0.0

0.0

12.3
13.1
13.7
9.2
<*)
(*)

7.9
10.4
11.9
13.9
13.9

sizes------------------------------------Co 1 9 ------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Tires and inner tubes---------------------------

Third
quartile

29

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 1 9 ------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products-------

1.8

9.6
15.6
17.5
14.4
10.5
7.1
2.5

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products------

First
quartile

12 .2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Paving and roofing materials--------------------

Median
4/

289

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------— ---—-------- —-------------- —
to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Petroleum refining-----------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Mean
4/

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Petroleum and coal products---------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

56

0.0
1.4
12 .0
1 1 .0

10.9
8.3
(*)

2 2.0

23.2
28.8
26.8
26.4
23.3
(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3J

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1/

Miscellaneous plastics products---------- -— --All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250

All
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250

.6

9.2
10 .1
6.8

2.9
(*)

Third
quartile

2 2.0
0.0

28.8
29.7
29.3
25.3
14.0
(*>

0.0

10 .8

0.0

.2

13.0
18.4
18.8
16.4
16.1
(*>

0.0

0.0

13.5
22.7
23.6
(*)

3.5
14.5
16.6
(*>

14.2
10.9
19.1
16.2
10.5

0.0

0.0

(*)
17.6
(*)
(*>

(*)
12.5
(*>
(*>

10 .6

2.7
5.4
5.6
4.6
(*)

311
19.7
24.1
32.5
34.2
(*)

313
12.7
(*>
23.7
<*>
<*>

314
10.3
3.3
3.8
10 .1

6.8

.8

(*>
(*>
7.6

(*>
(*>
2.8

9.7
8.7
(*)

5.1
5.4
3.6
(*)

0.0

0.0

11.0

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

14.0

8 .2

2 0 .6

(*)
9.3
13.7
(*)
(*)

1 1 .0
10 .6

9.9
7.5

10 .2

13.6
(*)
(*)
14.5
17.1
15.4
15.7
(*>

315
7.5
4.0
5.2

5.4
(*>
c*)
(*>

316

2 0.8

13.9
14.8
13.6

0.0

22.6

(*)

(*)
23.3
22.5
(*)
(*)

6.8

7.0
(*)
(*)

317
7.8
3.3
5.5
9.7

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Leather goods, n.e.c----------------------------

0.0

24.4
23.4
26.1
26.4
25.3

11 .8

sizes------------- ------- ------------ ---to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Handbags and personal leather goods------------

0.0

7.5

13.6
13.1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------tj 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Luggage-----------------------------------------

6.2
0.0

3.7
8.9
10.9
10.5
8.9
(*)

10 .2

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99--------------- --------- -----------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Leather gloves and mittens---------------------

14.7
17.3
18.6
13.6
6.5
(*)

11 .6

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99-------------- -----------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Footwear, except rubber------------------- -----

First
quartile

31

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Boot and shoe cut stock and findings-----------

Median
4/

17.4
10.3
18.9
21.4
20.4
16.2
10.5
7.7

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Leather tanning and finishing------------------

Mean
i/

307

sizes*— *
__________________ ________________
to 19----------------------------- -------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Leather and leather products--------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
1 /

8.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

3.7

0.0

8 .0

.

4.5
(*)
(*)

5.4
4.7
8.7
14.2
(*>
<*>

10.7

(*)
(*)

9.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

8.6

0.0

10.5
13.9

1.7
(*)
(*)
(*>

13.3
<*>
(*)
c*>

9.8
7.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.6
7.5
7.0
5.0
5.7
8 .1

0.0
1.3
2.5
2.3
2.3
3.5

9.2

6 .1

16.6
17.4
15.1
12.7
15.8
13.5
13.6

319

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

1 1 .1

(*)
(*)
(*)

Transportation and public utilities
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

10 .8

11.5
10.5
9.1
9.7
8.7
10 .1

See footnotes at end of table.




57

6.5

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per

100

full-time workers j3/

Middle range j4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250

(*)
(*)

13.2
18.8
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
4.5
9.4
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
1.5
5.9
(*>
(*>
(*>

12.3
14.6
(*>
(*>
(*>

9.1
13.6
4.9

0 .0
7.4

8 .6

7.6
9.5
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.3
6.3
(*)
(*)

11 .2

9.5

2 .6

5.2
5.8
7.3
8 .2

7.3

11.9
0 .0
18.8
16.5
18.9
13.9
15.6
14.1
12.7

41
9.7
9.3
6.1

9.6
13.4
11.7
16.1

2 .2
8 .0

0 .0
11 .6
8 .6

411
12 .1

7.9
7.5
11 .6

15.7
14.5
14.6

0 .0
6.8

412

9.7
8 .8

13.0

1.8

0 .0
53.7
6.5
12 .6
11 .8

<*)
(*>

413
11 .6

8.9
7.3
9.9
17.2
12 .8

21.7

0 .0
(*>
4.5
8 .2

<*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
(*)
0 .0
3.9
(*>
(*>
(*)

2 .1

(*>
9.5
14.6
(*>
(*>
(*)

414
0 .0
0 .0

6.2

0 .0
0 .0
3.7
<*)

(*)

0 .0
3.0
9.4
(*>

5.6
2.3
4.7
7.4
14.4
10.3

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
5.5
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
6.5
9.7
<*)
<*)

15.1
9.9
13.8
17.0
18.6
18.7
20.9
12.4

0 .0
0 .0
9.8
15.5
16.2
17.0
20.3
(*)

0 .0
0 .0

11 .8

1 .1

2 2.0

7.6
8.9
10.5

24.6
26.3
24.1
29.1
(*)

15.2

0 .0
0 .0
9.4
15.4
17.0
16.8
20.3
(*)

7.4
10.4
10.5
12.5
(*>

0.0

. 0 .0

4.2
2 .6

5.6

0.0

415

42

12 .1

(*)

0 .0

421

10 .1

13.5
16.7
19.4
18.4
2 1.1

12.5

0 .0
0 .0
.8

12 .1

0 .0
21.7
24.3
26.8
24.6
29.1
(*>

422

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

13.8
8.4
16.6
19.9
11 .2

33.2

See footnotes at end of table.




0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

11 .6

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Public warehousing------------------------------

0 .0
0 .0
2.3
7.7
12.3
(*>
(*)

11 .1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Trucking, local and long distance--------------

0 .0
0 .0

13.7

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Trucking and warehousing-------------------------

0.0

0 .0
8.9
8.9
10.7
8.9
9.7
11.5
9.6

12 .2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

School buses------------------------------------

2 .2

6.5
14.5

sizes------------------------------------ to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Transportation charter service-----------------

Third
quartile

10 .1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Intercity highway transportation---------------

First
quartile

40

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Taxicabs---------------------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

A/

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Local and suburban transportation-------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Median

A/

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Local and interurban passenger transit----------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Mean

2/

Railroad transportation---------------------------

SIC
code

58

0 .0
13.0
16.7
4.4
(*)

0 .0
4.0
9.1
2 .1

(*)

9.5
0 .0
24.4
28.2
19.5
(*>

Table 2 . Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per

100

full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Water transportation-----------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250

sizes---------------------------------- -—
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Freight forwarding-----------------------------All
20
50
100
250

All
20
50
100

4.2
10.5
19.3

13.7
18.3
31.3
38.3
41.3

0.0

0.0

5.5
4.0
<*)

0.0

22.9
15.1
26.5
28.6
27.4
31.4

2 .1

1.2

(*>

1.7
9.3
10 .6

(*>

0.0

4.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

25.5
45.7
44.6
43.3
(*)

2 1.2

10 .8

24.1
26.6
(*)

16.2
16.2
(*)

14.2

0.0

0.0

2.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

7.5
5.4
14.1
15.8
(*)

0.0

14.2
14.1
23.7
24.3
(*>
17.9
23.9

45

10 .8
12 .0

15.7
16.8
22.7
12.3
14.7

0.0

13.5

6.5
7.1
(*)
7.2
9.2

0.0

0.0

(*)
(*)

14.4
16.4
22.9

(*)
(*)
14.0
14.6
(*)

12 .8

12 .2

14.7

8.3
4.3
7.3
9.5

11 .8

6 .1

451
14.8
12.5
11 .8

13.5

7.5
(*)
7.7
9.2

9.7
<*>
(*>
21.4
23.4
(*>
17.9
23.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

8.3
(*)
(*)

1.7
(*)
(*)

9.3
17.5
(*)
(*)

0.0

0.0

0.0

3.6
9.4
24.4
(*)

0.0

13.7
18.7
32.0
(*)

6.6

452

8.6

21.3
458
11.4
9.0
13.7
23.8
17.7

4.4
7.5
(*)

46
3.9
3.2
4.5
5.7
3.8
1.1

0.0
0.0
.9
3.8
<*)
<*)

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

1.2

8.5
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
4.7
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)

(*>
(*>

6.8

47

*

5.6
1.5
6.1
8 .6

14.9
11 .8

0.0
0.0
7.0
1 1 .0

23.9
(*>

471
9.3
7.6
10 .8

14.3
21.7

1.8

0.0

3.9
(*>

0.0
1.5
(*)

0.0
12.9
14.3
29.1
(*)

0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0

10 .8

0.0

474
17.1
43.2
12.7
41.2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0

0.0

446

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Rental of railroad cars------------------------

0.0

7.8
6.9
8.7
12.7

sizes_________ ___________ ________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Transportation services---------------------------

2.4

0.0

0.0

28.1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Pipelines, except natural gas--------------------

Third
quartile

445

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Air transportation services--------------------

First
quartile

0.0

2 0.2

sizes__________ ____________ ______________
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Noncertificated air transportation-------------

/

3.5
7.7
18.0
19.3
32.0

12.3
17.0

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Certificated air transportation----------------

a

15.2
5.6

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Transporation by air------------------------------

Median

10 .1

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Water transportation services------------------

Mean
4/

44

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99-------------------------- .
---------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Local water transportation--------------------All
20
50
100

SIC
code
2/

59

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time worke rs 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1 /
.

Miscellaneous transportation services----------

SIC
code
1 /

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.2

0.0

2.4

3.4

1.2

2.8

1.2

1.2

2 .2
2 .6

(*>

.7
1.4
(*)

4.0
6.4
4.4
3.7
4.0
(*>

.1

0.0

4.0

481
2.5

.2

1.8

0.0

0.0

2.4
3.6
2.5

1.2

0.0

3.3
2.7

1.2

1.0

2 .1

.6

1.4
3.1

2.6

1.3
(*>

3.8
6.3
4.3
3.6
3.8
(*)

4.6

.9
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*>
(*>
(*>

0.0

6.0

5.2
5.4
4.6
6.7
4.0

<*)
(*>
(*>
<*)
(*>
(*>

(*>
(*)
<*)
(*>
(*>
(*>

2.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

.4
3.2
(*>
(*)
(*>
(*>

0.0

3.7

1.0

6.1

(*)
(*)
(*)
<*)

(*>
(*>
(*)
(*>

0.0

0.0

(*>

1.1

482

1.6

483

2 .2

3.7
4.1
4.1
6.3
3.8
489
8 .8

5.3
12.7
14.3
12.5
7.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

10 .2

0.0

2 0 .6

14.1
(*>
(*>

3.7
<*)
(*>

23.5
<*>
c*)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.0
7.3
19.0
17.3
14.3
11.5
14.0
13.1

49
9.8
12.4
13.2
13.2
10.4
8.4
8.7
8.7
8.4

8.4
9.8
8.2

7.5
7.5
7.7
7.3

.6

5.5
4.0
4.1
3.3
3.5
4.0

12.0

491
9.6
10.4
11.9
12.3
10.3
7.8
8.7
8.3
9.7

7.8

.2

0.0

0.0

9.7
9.7
8.4
6.9
7.4

2 .2

(*)

4.7
4.0
3.3
3.6
3.2
(*>

2.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.6
7.6
7.5
7.4
4.4
<*)
(*>

0.0

6.8

14.9
12.7
20.3
18.3
14.5
11 .6

15.5
12 .1

(*>

492
8.7
12.7
8.3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

8 .1

8.7
7.4
7.3
7.6
13.2

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0

0.0
0.0

1.7
3.3

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Gas production and distribution----------- — ---

0.0

7.9
<*)

13.2
9.5
24.3
26.6
(*>

3.8

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over--------------------------------—

Electric services-------------------------------

0.0

2 .6

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------Electric, gas, and sanitary services-------------

0.0

9.1
13.4
<*)

2.8

sizes—
— to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Communication services, n.e.c------------------

0.0

0.0

2.7
2.7
2.5

sizes--------------------- --------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Radio and television broadcasting--------------

Third
quartile

48

sizes_____________________________________
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Telegraph communication------------------------

First
quartile

0.0

21.5
8.4
19.2
21.4
41.5

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over------------------ ---------------

Telephone communication------------------------

Median
4/

478

All sizes------------------------------------1 to 19------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------Communication-------------------------------------

Mean
4/

60

4.5
3.1
5.1
2.4
<*>
(*)

12.9
13.8
12.4
11.3
13.0
9.6
12.5
(*>
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued

See footnotes at end of table.




61

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued__________________________
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code

2/
Electrical goods All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

0.0
0.0
0.0

7.7
3.9
9.7
10.9
13.1
8.5
9.8

0.0
0.0
3.4
8.4
9.4
<*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0

7.0
4.8
8.9
9.6
6.7

0.0
0.0
4.5
5.5
3.1
4.3
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
3.1

0.0
0.0
0.0

6.8

6.4

11 .1

5.0
13.0
18.A
16.7
16.3

49------------------------------------99------------------------------------249-----------------------------------499------------------------------------

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

8 .6

9.0
(*)

10 .2

.6

0.0
0.0
19.1
27.6
23.7
(*>

0.0
0.0

9.5
7.7
5.1

8 .0

4.4
<*)
<*)

0.0
8.3
14.4
14.1
<*)
(*)

6.5
2.5
6.9
7.7
18.6
12.5

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
2.9
11.5

1.8

11 .0

8 .2

0.0
0.0
4.6
5.5
<*)
(*)
<*)

(*>
(*>
c*)

(*>
(*>
(*)

3.5
3.6
4.0
5.7
10.3
14.0
3.A

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
c*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
(*)
<*)
(*>

0.0
4.5
3.6
9.1
<*)
<*>
<*)

11.4
4.0
8.7

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

6.2

8.9
13.0
9.2
<*)

21.6

23.5
(*>

511
6.3
6.1
10 .1

(*)
(*)

1.8

5i2

513

sizes----------------------to 49----------------------to 99----------------------to 249---------------------to 499---------------------to 999---------------------to 2,499-----------------514

to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499--------------------------------

11.1

16.3
25.9
23.5
2A.3

3.6
A. 6

1.2

10 .8

6.8

19.A
23.9
(*)

13.A
16.0
(*)

0.0
0.0
1.5
9.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
.9

1.0
0.0

13.8
1A.5
20.4
31.8
31.6
(*)

515
9.7
7.7
9.A
15.2
13.9
9.7
7.7

sizes—
to 19 to 49to 99to 249to 499to 999-

See footnotes at end of table.




(*>

0.0
0.0
7.8

8.2

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Farm-product raw materials---------------------

1.8

1.0
0.0
14.0
14.8

0.0
0.0
12.3
14.6
17.1

12 .8

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Groceries and related products---

5.3
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.7
4.1
4.3
4.0
(*>

12 .1

500 to 999-----------------------------------1.000 to 2,499----------------------------------

Apparel, piece goods, and notions-

2 .2

0.0
0.0
17.6
15.7
17.7
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
1.7

16.4

All
20
50
100
250
500
1.000

(*>
t*)

2.4
(*>

8 .2

100 to 249------------------------------------

Drugs, proprietaries, and sundries-------------

10 .6

13.8
(*>

4.0
7.6
10.3

All
20
50
100
250
500

0.0
0.0
5.3
7.3

51

All sizes-------------------------------------

Paper and paper products-----------------------

2 .2

4.8
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
<*)
<*)

509

20
50
100
250

Wholesale trade— nondurable goods----------------

Third
quartile

508

All sizes------------------------------------to
to
to
to

First
quartile

507

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Miscellaneous durable goods-------- — -----------

A/

4.1
1.9
3.2
5.3
7.1
5.6
9.9

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Machinery, equipment, and supplies-------------

Median

506

sizes—
to 19to 49—
to 99to 249to 499to 999-

Hardware, plumbing, and heating equipment------

Mean
A/

62

11 .1

(*)
(*)

2 .2

(*>
(*)

11.4
9.7
15.4
23.7
17.1
<*)
(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code

2/

Mean
A/

Median
A/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

Chemicals and allied productsAll
1
20
50
100
250
500

7.2
5.3
7.7
8.5
8.1
20.0
2.2

0 .0
0 .0
0.0
6.5
4.1
<*)
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
.3
.5
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0.0
12.2
13.9
9.3
<*)
(*>

5.8
3.8
6.9
9.8
10.0
3.9
3.0
1.1

0 .0
0 .0
2.4
7.6
7.6
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.1
3.5
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
10.6
14.1
13.8
(*)
(*)
(*)

10.2
6.2
10.2
13.7
12.1
16.0
13.8

0 .0
0 .0
5.4
11.4
9.6
<*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
3.6
2.1
(*>
(*)

8.5
0 .0
16.1
20.4
18.5
(*>
(*>

6.7
3.7
8.1
10.3
9.8
5.7
6.5

0 .0
0.0
2.6
7.7
9.5
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0.0
0 .0
.6
1.6
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
12.7
15.2
18.0
(*)
(*)

7.2
2.8
7.5
9.6
11.6
11.1
10.9
12.3
9.4

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
7.3
10.2
9.5
9.7
11.1
8.5

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.3
4.9

0 .0
0 .0
12.1
15.1
16.7
16.7
14.8
16.9
13.3

9.6
5.4
12.1
14.1
17.1
19.2
12.3

0 .0
0 .0
' 8.7
9.9
15.5
21.8
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
4.4
8.0
20.1
(*>

0 .0
0.0
20.3
19.0
23.2
23.5
(*>

13.1
8.5
14.2
15.4
19.5
19.7

0.0
0 .0
11.6
11.3
18.7
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
1.7
5.5
9.2
(*)

16.7
12.6
24.0
21.2
26.3
(*>

6.8
3.8
12.1
14.3
12.0
15.8

0 .0
0 .0
9.5
(*>
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
o-.o
18.9
(*>
(*>
(*)

4.3
2.2
6.3
9.2
13.2
12.0
10.8

sizes-----to 19-----to 49-----to 99-----to 249----to 499--------to 999-----

0 .0
0 .0
.3
7.4
(*>
(*)
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.4
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
11.3
12.4
(*)
<*)
(*)

Petroleum and petroleum productsAll sizes---------------------------------

100 to 249-------------------------------250 to 499-------------------------------500 to 999-------------------------------1,000
to 2,4 9 9 Beer, wine, and distilled beveragesAll sizes1 to 19-

100 to 249250 to 499500 to 999Miscellaneous nondurable goodsAll
1
20
50
100
250
500

sizes------to 19------to 49------to 99------to 249-----to 499-----to 999------

All
1
20
50

slzesto 19to 49to 99-

Retail trade

250
500
1,000
2,500

to 499------------------------to 999------------------------to 2,499----------------------and over-----------------------

Building materials and garden suppliesAll sizes1 to 19-

250 to 4 9 9 -

Lumber and other building materlalsAll sizes1 to 19-

250 to 4 9 9 Paint, glass, and wallpaper storesAll
1
20
50
100
250

sizes-----------------------to 19to 49----to 99----to 249---to 499----

Hardware stores-

1 to 19--20 to 49--100 to 249250 to 499—
500 to 999-

See footnotes at end of table.




63




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1 /

General merchandise stores----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

6.5
5.5

6.6

9.2
7.9
8.3
8.5

9.0
12.5
10.5
9.2
7.8
7.4

Third
quartile

0.0
0.0
0.0
.1
5.0
4.7
4.1
4.4
5.3

4.7

0.0
9.8
14.4
17.7
15.6
14.3
13.3
12.3

6.0
10.6

7.3
1.7
5.2
6.5
12.5
10.5

0.0
0.0

9.2
7.9
7.6

8.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.2
4.8
4.1
3.9
4.4

13.5
11.3
16.5
17.7
15.6
14.2

12.0
11.4

533

11.0
18.4
17.1

.4
5.6

11.8
(*)
<*)
<*)

(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
8.8

1.5
4.3
(*>
(*)
(*)
(*)

10.9
17.6
(*)
(*>
(*>
(*)

54

10.8
2.6

0.0
0.0

10.5
12.9
14.5
14.2
14.9
20.7
22.4

6.7
11.4

11.7
2.7

0.0
0.0

11.1

7.5

13.3
14.7
14.3
15.0
20.7
22.4

11.8
12.8

5.8
3.9
9.0
16.7

0.0
0.0
0.0

12.6
13.0

12.8
14.7
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7
7.3
9.5
10.3
11.4
(*)

0.0
0.0
15.4
18.0
21.3
18.5
16.5

20.8
(*>

541

13.1

12.8
14.7
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.2
7.6
9.9
10.4
11.4
(*>

5.7

0.0
16.7
18.4
21.7
18.6
16.5

21.0
<*)

542

10.8

9.3
<*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)

0.0
0.0
12.2
34.6
(*)

545

0.0
0.0
0.0

7.4
3.9
4.8
9.9
12.4
10.9

10.3
<*)
(*)

2.9
1.3
2.9

0.0
0.0
0.0

6.2

4.9
7.2
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
6.5
13.5
(*)
(*)

546

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Automotive dealers and service stations----------

5.7

10.6

9.5

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Retail bakeries---------------------------------

First
quartile

531

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Dairy products stores-------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250

8.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Meat markets and freezer provisioners----------

0.0
0.0
1.6

12.4
10.5
9.3
8.9
7.9

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Grocery stores----------------------------------

A/

1.9
5.7

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Food stores---------------------------------------

Median

A/

8.8

sizes—
— — — — — —
— — _
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Variety stores----------------------------------

Mean

53

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Department stores------------------------------AH
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

9.9
17.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
(*)

0.0
0.0
1.5
9.5
13.7
<*)

55
7.7
4.1
9.4
12.5

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

12.8
8.2
6.4

See footnotes at end of table.

64

0.0
0.0
6.1

0.0
0.0
0.0

11.7

5.5
7.2

11.8
4.1
(*>

2.2
(*)

0.0
0.0
15.1
18.4
17.7
9.0
(*)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3^/

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1/

New and used car dealers----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250

SIC
code
2/

Mean
4/

Median
4/

10.2

0 .0
0 .0

7.5

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

12.2

6.3

13.6
(*)

8.8

9.4

0.0

0.0

0 .0

12.3
16.8
13.6

7.2
14.1
11.9

0 .0

16.5
24.7
17.8

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

5.8
9.6
12.7
13.8
12.5

All sizes------------------------------------20 to 49_____________________________________
50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------Gasoline service stations---------------------All
1
20
50
100
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

5.7
(*)

0.0
0.0

11.2
11.2
10.6
(*>

.9
3.6
4.1
(*)

1.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.4

1.8
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0

3.0
4.3
7.0
7.1
(*>

562

1.0

1.2
1.7

2.8
4.5
3.1
7.7

1.4
3.6
(*>
<*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.2
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0 .0

2.6
4.0
7.2
(*>
<*)

565

1.6
2.8

0.0
0.0
0.0

4.8
5.0
4.3
7.4

.3
4.5
(*)
(*)

4.4
2.7

6.2

0 .0
0.0
0 .0

6.7

3.3

7 .6

4 .1

8.2
10.0

5.3
3.1
7.5
7.9

3.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

2.2

8.2

<*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0

6.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1 .5
2 .6

(*>

(*>

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

4.1
5.8

57

9.1
9.6
1 0.9

11.5
(*>

571

2.8

0.0
0.0

2.2

13.7
11.7
12:5

(*>

(*>

(*)

14.7

(*>

<*>

(*>

4.3
3.1
6.4

0.0

0.0
0.0

6.1

1.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

5.5

(*>

(*)

(*)

6.8
2.8

0.0
0.0
0.0

0 .0
0.0
0.0
0.0

8.6
12.2

4.6
4.6

572

0.0
0 .0

8.0
8.7

58

sizes----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

6.5
8.5

5.7
8.7

10.8
11.8

65

10.8

14.4
12.3

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

3.5
4.3
3.8
7.3

sizes----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 19----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 49----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------------- --------------------------------to 249---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Eating and drinking places -------------------------------------------------

.4
5.7
7.9
(*>

.8
1.2
2.0

1.7

sizes----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 19 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 49----------------------------------------------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Household appliance stores---------------------------------------------

5.2
7.5

56

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499--------------------------------------------------------------------------to 999---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Furniture and home furnishings stores--------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

7.7
9.4
5.5

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Furniture and home furnishings stores-----------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

3.8

2.6
6.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Family clothing stores-------------------------

0.0

554

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Women's ready-to-wear stores---------------------

(*)

12.5
15.5
18.3
19.0
(*)

553

sizes--____________ ______________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Apparel and accessory stores---------------------

Third
quartile

551

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Auto and home supply stores--------------------

First
quartile

(*>
(*>

1.6
.9
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0

11.4
14.3
15.2
20.5
(*>
(*>

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industy
and employment and size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range UJ

Industry and employment size 1 /

Miscellaneous retail------------------------------




All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

Median
4/

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.5
9.7

6.1
8.8

6.4

First
quartile

Third
quartile

(*)
(*)

7.6
5.1

0 .0
0 .0

10.8
11.1
10.2

1.8
10.6

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
3.1
2.4
5.5
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
5.5
7.8
13.7
11.9
15.5
(*>
(*)

593

17.1

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

(*)
(*)

5.8
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

5.8
5.9
(*>

.5
2.4
(*>

0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
21.3
17.2
(*>
<*>

599

2.1
.6
2.3
3.1

8.2
5.5
5.9

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
4.4
20.3
9.5
<*)

595

6.8

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Fuel and ice dealers---------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250

10.2

sizes- - - - - - to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 299-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Nonstore retailers-----------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

3.7
1.5
4.1
5.0
9.0
7.8
10.5

sizes—
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Miscellaneous shopping goods stores------------

Mean
4/

59

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Used merchandise stores-----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250

SIC
code
2/

3.8
6.7
9.6
9.8

12.8
9.1
5.7

9.1
8.7
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

4.5
(*)
(*>
(*>
(*>

0 .0
4.3
12.4
16.1
(*)
(*>
(*)
(*>

598

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

7.3
5.1
10.9

0 .0
0 .0

12.4
4.9

9.4
8.3
11.5
(»)

2.0
1.1
1.8
2.1

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

3.0

1.7

2.8

2.6
2.6

12.0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

6.8
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
15.6
16.0
13.5
(*)

Finance, insurance, and real estate
All
1
20
50
100

250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 2 4 9 -----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Banking------------------------------------------All
1
20
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

1.5
.7

1.1
2.7
2.5
1.4

All
50
100
250

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.3
3.0
(*)
2.7
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
5.4
9.5
(*)
3.9
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

(*)
(*)
(*)
2.7
(*)

(*)
(*>
(*>
1.9
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
3.9
(*)

1 .0

(*)
(*)

(*>
(*)

(*)
(*)

1.5

0 .0

0 .0

0 .0

1.2

(»>
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

602
1.9
.7

1.1
2.8
2.5

1 .0
2.5
1.5
604
.5

All sizes------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------Functions closely related to banking-------------

1.3
1.4
1.9

2.9
4.4
4.2
9.0
9.0
3.8

1.5
(*)
1.9
(*)

2.6
1.8

sizes----------------- — ---------------to 19------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,999---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Trust companies, nondeposit----------------------

2.7
^2.6

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

60

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 999-------------------------------- ---to 2,999---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Commercial and stock savings banks------------All
1
20
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

2.3
2.4

1.8

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1 .0

605

sizes------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 299-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

.9

1.8

See footnotes at end of table.

66

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Credit agencies other than banks----------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

1.2
1.9
1.4
1.5

All
50
100
250
500

All
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

(*)
<*)

3.6
4.2
<*>
<*)

0.0

0.0

0.0

<*)
<*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

(*>
(*>
(*>
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
1.1

.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.7
1.9

<*)
(*)

(*>
(*)

.6

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0

0 .0

0 .0

1.8

1.6

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

3.8
4.1
2.3

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*)
<*)
<*)

(*>
(*)
(*)

1.7
.4
.5
.9

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

(*)
(*>
(*)

(*)
(*)
(*)

<*)
<*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0

1.8

0.0
0.0
1.8

1.9
62

.8
.4
.5

2.3
(*)
(*)

621

.4
.5
1.5

.5

623

628

1.1
6.7
63
1.7
1.3
1.4
1.9

2.0
2.1

1.5
2.5

2.6

2.3
1.7

2.7
2.7

1.5

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

1.1
1.3
1.4
1.5

.6
2.7
3.5
3.9
3.9
4.0
3.9

631

1.6
1.2

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

0 .0

1.8

(*>

1.3
1.4
(*)

2.4
2.9
3.7
4.1
4.1
(*>

1.9
1.3
1.7
2.3
2.5
1.9

0 .0

0 .0

0 .0

(*)
(*)
(*)

(*>
(*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

<*)
(*)
(*>
(*)
(*)

2.0
1.8
2.2

0 .0

2.4

2.7
2.7
2.7
(*)

2.1

.6
2.2
2.6
2.8

1.7

1.3

1.6
1.9

.8

632

(* )
(*)

633

sizes------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over------------------- — ------ — — -

2.1
2.2
1.2

See footnotes at end of table.




(*>
(*>

.3
1.4

sizes------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Fire, marine, and casualty insurance-----------

2.6

1.0

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Medical service and health insurance-----------

1.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0

(*>

3.0
4.0
3.8
(*>

615

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Life insurance----------------------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0

2.4
2.5
4.5

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Insurance carriers--------------------------------

0.0
0.0
1.6

2.0

All sizes------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------Security and commodity services----------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.6
1.0

1.5
.7
1.7

sizes——----------- ------- ---— ----------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

• Security and commodity exchanges---------------

0.0
0.0
0.0

3.8

sizes__- - - - - - _ _ —
to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Security brokers and dealers-------------------

Third
quartile

612

sizes------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

security, commodity brokers, and services--------

First
quartile

.3
2.3
2.4
(*>

2.0
2.0

All sizes------------------------------------20 to 49------------------------------------50 to 99------------------------------------100 to 249-----------------------------------250 to 499-----------------------------------500 to 999-----------------------------------1,000 to 2,499---------------------------------Business credit institutions-------------------

Median
4/

61

sizes------------------------------ *
-----to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Savings and loan associations------------------

Mean
*/

67

1.1
2.0

0 .0
0 .0

.2
1.3
1.4
1.4
<*>

.8
3.5
3.8
4.1
3.9
4.0
<*,

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry

See footnotes at end of table.




68

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers ^3/

Middle range U
_!

Industry and employment size 1/

Hotels, motels, and tourist courts------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
250
500
1,000
2,500

AH
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.8
0.0
(*)

0.0
0.0
1.8
10.8
14.5
15.4
(*>

0.0
0.0
7.1
10.6
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
1.7
4.5
(*>
(*>

0.0
6.1
13.0
17.4
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.3
3.0
4.2
4.2
4.0
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.9
2.1
(*)

0.0
0.0
3.7
5.0
8.8
9.3
9.1
8.5
(*)

2.8
3.6
4.0
3.5
2.6
2.8
2.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
.6
(*)
(*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
2.4
3.9
(*>
(*>

3.9
3.6
6.0
7.7
9.2
8.6

0.0
0.0
1.2
6.4
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
(*)
(*)

0.0
3.3
8.4
11.3
(*>
(*)

7.2
2.7
6.5
6.7
8.5
10.3
12.1
5.3

0.0
0 .0
0 .0
1.1
6.5
7.5
(*>
(*)

0.0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.6
3.1
(*>
(*>

0.0
0 .0
5.1
9.7
11.0
12.9
(*>
(*>

7.4
5.8
4.7
9.7
9.3
11.6
8.2

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.2
4.4
7.9
<*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
.3
3.5
(*>

0 .0
6.3
4.4
16.2
17.7
17.9
(*>

1.9
1.1
1.5
3.6
1.9
1.8
1.4

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.1
2.2
(*>
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
.6
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
2.1
4.0
3.8
(*)
(*)

731

(.*)

733

734

736

737

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
0.0
3.9
6.5
4.1
(*)

4.7
2.5
4.2
4.1
7.1
6.1
6.9
5.0
3.1

sizes—___________________ ________________
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Computer and data processing services----------

0.0
4.6
9.0
13.6
17.6
14.4
18.9
(*>

73

to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Personnel supply services----------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5
8.0
4.1
7.8
c*)

5.9
5.0
9.1
12.1
14.2
11.9

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Services to buildings--------------------------

0.0
0.0
3.6
8.1
12.3
10.8
12.5
(*>

721

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Mailing, reproduction, stenographic------------

Third
quartile

3.2
.9
3.4
7.0
9.9
9.2
6.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Advertising-------------------------------------

First
quartile

72

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Business services---------------------------------

Median
4/

8.0
3.5
5.9
9.3
12.8
11.0
14.4
17.1

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Laundry, cleaning, and garment services--------

Mean
4/

701

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Personal services--------------------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

SIC
code
2/

69

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Middle range Uf

Industry and employment size 1 /

SIC
code

2/

Mean
4/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

Miscellaneous business services---------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

4.5
3.4
4.2
4.0
6.8
4.8
6.3
2.3
2.8

0 .0
0.0
0 .0
1.3
3.6
4.0
3.7
(*>
<*)

0 .0
0 .0
0.0
0 .0
0.0
1.1
1.7
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
4.3
4.9
9.0
7.8
7.5
(*)
(*)

7.4
5.4
11.1
12.2
11.8
14.1
9.4

0 .0
0.0
5.8
7.6
9.2
(*>
<*)

0 .0
0 .0
0.0
0 .0
3.2
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
17.6
20.7
17.0
(*)
(*)

6.8
2.7
7.1
12.4
11.6
10.2
5.1

0 .0
0 .0
.8
9.0
11.0
(*>
<*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.7
5.8
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
11.2
19.2
16.2
(*>
(*)

8.4
6.1
16.3
18.6
19.7
28.3

0 .0
0 .0
10.9
20.3
(*>
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
5.7
(*>
(*>

0 .0
0 .0
24.2
32.1
(*)
(*)

5.2
3.5
7.3
5.9
17.7

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
(*)

0 .0
0.0
0 .0
0 .0
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
13.9
10.6
(*>

9.1
6.1
12.3
15.5
18.5
12.7

0.0
0.0
5.4
11.2
17.5
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
.5
8.6
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
18.3
20.6
29.2
(*>

6.9
2.8
9.0
11.0
17.4
20.9

0 .0
0 .0
4.2
9.1
16.8
(*>

0 .0
0.0
0 .0
0 .0
7.5
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
14.2
18.0
27.0
(*)

11.3
8.4
14.3
19.5
21.4
4.5

0 .0
0 .0
6.6
15.3
19.3
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
4.4
12.5
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
19.8
26.5
46.0
(*)

3.8
1.1
2.7
3.2
3.5
7.7
4.6
11.7

0.0
0 .0
0 .0
0.0
1.2
(*>
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
0.0
4.5
6.0
(*>
(*)
(*)

5.6
2.0
7.3
4.6
7.3
5.6
11.7

sizes—
to 19—
to 49—
to 99—
to 249to 499to 999to 2,499and over-

0.0
0 .0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
0 .0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0 .0
.9
(*>
(*>
<*)
<*)
(*>

Auto repair, services, and garagesAll
1
20
50
100
250
500

sizes------to 19------to 49------to 99------to 249-----to 499-----to 999------

Automotive rentals, without driversAll
1
20
50
100
250
500

sizes---------------------------to 19---------------------------to 49---------------------------to 99---------------------------to 249--------------------------to 499--------------------------to 999---------------------------

Automotive repair shops--------------All sizes---------------------------20 to 49----------------------------

250 to 499--------------------------Automotive services, except repair---All
1
20
50
100

sizes---------------------------to 19---------------------------to 49---------------------------to 99---------------------------to 249---------------------------

Miscellaneous repair services-----------

20
50
100
250

to
to
to
to

49---------------------------99---------------------------249--------------------------499---------------------------

Electrical repair shops
All
1
20
50
100
250

sizes—
to 19—
to 49—
to 99—
to 249to 499-

Miscellaneous repair shops
All
1
20
50
100
250

sizes—
to 19—
to 49—
to 99—
to 249to 499-

Motion picturesAll
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

sizes--------to 19--------to 49--------to 99--------to 249-------to 499-------to 999-------to 2,499----------

Motion picture productio
All
20
50
100
250

and services-------

sizes—
to 49—
to 99—
to 249to 499-

1,000 to 2,499-

See footnotes at end of table.




70

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued___________________
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers Zf

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1 /

SIC
code
2

Motion picture theaters-----------------------All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Al 1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

-------------

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
6.8
(*>
(*)

0.0
7.1
10.4
14.4
13.7
22.0
(*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.9
(*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
6.4
10.5
(*>
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
10.6
(*>
<*>
(*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
7.9
10.9
17.4
(*)
<*)
(*)
(*>

6.9
.4
3.5
7.3
6.5
11.8
10.6
8.8
7.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.1
3.8
8.5
10.6
4.3
<*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.6
6.4
2.2
<*)

0.0
0.0
3.6
10.2
9.9
19.4
14.3
11.1
<*)

10.0
6.1
9.8
12.1
14.7
7.2
6.6

4.3
0.0
6.3
9.1
12.9
(*>
<*)

0.0
0.0
.5
3.3
6.8
(*>
(*)

12.1
9.6
14.6
17.9
22.2
<*)
(*>

8.6
12.0
11.0
8.8
7.9

3.1
(*>
(*>
4.3
5.5

0.0
(*)
(*)
2.2
2.7

9.0
(*)
(*>
11.0
9.7

2.5
.9
2.2
4.2
4.0
4.6
4.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
3.0
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.6
(*)
(*)

. 0.0
0.0
.7
5.9
6.1
(*)
<*>

2.5
.8
1.1
4.6
5.0
2.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.8
(*)
(*)

5.3
4.0
6.2
7.2
11.2

0.0
0.0
3.2
5.2
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
.8
(*)

0.0
7.2
9.8
9.8
(*)

805

806

807

808

809

sizes—— ——
—
—
—
—
—
—
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
1.8
6.6
6.5
12.9
(*)
(*)

80

sizes—
- ---------- — ------- ---------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Health and allied services, n.e.c--------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
5.2
(*>
(*>

9.1
2.1
6.6
7.7
10.7
14.5
18.2
14.2
25.0

sizes__-----_________ ____________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Outpatient care facilities---------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*>
(*>

799

sizes---------------- -------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------- ----

Medical and dental laboratories—

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.3
(*>
(*>

3.9
2.0
4.5
6.2
8.4
5.4

sizes— — — — — — —
— —
— —
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-------------- --------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Hospitals— -------------------------------------

Third
quartile

793

sizes------------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99--------------------------------- ---to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Nursing and personal care facilities-----------

First
quartile

8.3
7.1
8.6
10.4
9.6
16.0
12.7
25.0

sizes---------------------------- -------to 19------------------------------------to 49— — — —— — —— —— — —— ——— — —
to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Health services-----------------------------------

±/

79

sizes-----------------------------------to 19------------------------------------to 49----------------------------— v
-----to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499------------------------------------

Miscellaneous amusement and recreational
services--------------------------------------

Median

2.3
1.4
3.0
2.0
2.8
5.3
3.1

sizes-----— -----------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Bowling and billiard establishments--------— —

Mean
4/

783

sizes_____________________________________
to 19------------------------------------to 49------------------------ — ■
---------to 99- — ---------------- --------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Amusement and recreation services---------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

/

71

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
and employment size. United States, 1976—Continued ________________________
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Educational services-----------------------------All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

10.8
(*>
(*)
13.4
6.9
4.8

0.0
0.0
(*>
<*)

0.0
0.0
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
4.3
4.4
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
.3
0.0
(*>

0.0
1.1
7.3
11.2
11.2
12.4
(*>

3.5
1.2
4.1
4.8
5.2
2.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
3.6
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)

0.0
0.0
4.5
8.2
11.6
(*)

6.7
4.6
8.2
7.8
7.3
7.1
5.1

0.0
0.0
.7
7.3
7.0
(*>
(*)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
1.9
(*)
(*)

1.6
8.2
9.2
11.9
11.5
(*>
<*)

7.3
4.2
7.3
12.3
12.0
8.6

0.0
0.0
2.4
8.9
11.6
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
5.7
(*>

0.0
5.8
10.3
18.2
18.6
<*)

3.4
2.1
3.1
4.5
4.0
8.7
4.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.7
2.0
(*>
(*>

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
5.6
6.9
4.6
(*)
(*)

7.9
3.8
7.1
8.3
13.8
14.2

0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

2.6
2.5
<*)
(*)
(*>
(*)

5.9
2.6
4.7
5.8
9.3
11.6

0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

0.0
0.0
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

2.5
1.2
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

833

836

839

84

841

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249----------------- -----------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




1.9
(*)
(*)
10.2
2.1
1.8

832

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Museums and art galleries----------------------

5.7
(*)
<*)
11.8
4.2
3.4

4.6
2.5
5.1
7.3
6.8
7.5
4.7

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Museums, botanical, zoological gardens-----------

0.0
0.0
4.4
11.6
8.0
13.4
6.9
4.8

83

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Social services, n.e.c-------------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
3.2
10.1
2.1
1.8

2.7
1.3
3.0
5.4

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499------ --------r
-------------------

Residential care--------------------------------

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.3
6.0
11.8
4.2
3.4

823

sizes------------------------------------to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999------------------------------------

Job training and related services--------------

Third
quartile

5.5
5.6
6.6
9.8
4.6
3.6

slzQB
-----to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499----------------------------------

Individual and family services-----------------

First
quartile

822

oizco------------------------------ -----to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249------------------------------------

Social services-----------------------------------

Median
4/

4.1
1.6
2.9
5.9
6.6
9.6
4.6
3.6

sizes------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Libraries and information centers--------------

Mean
4/

82

sizes--------- ---------__________________
to 49------------------------------------to 99------------------------------------to 249-----------------------------------to 499-----------------------------------to 999-----------------------------------to 2,499---------------------------------and over----------------------------------

Colleges and universities---------------------All
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

72

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry

1J

Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for industries not shown separately.

7j

Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 1972 Edition.

3
J

The incidence rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers.

KJ

The mean incidence rate is calculated as (N/EH) X 200,000, where
N - number of injuries and illnesses
EH - total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
200,000 « base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

The middle range (interquartile) is defined by 2 measures; a fourth of the establishments have a rate lower than or equal
to the first quartile rate and a fourth have a rate higher than or equal to the third quartile rate.
5/ Data conforming to the OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10
and 14), and for railroad transportation were provided by the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration, D.S. Department of
the Interior, and by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
NOTE: Asterisks indicate that quartile rates were not derived because fewer than 25 establishment reports were included in the
industry employment-size group.
n.e.c. - not elsewhere classified.
SOURCE:




Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

73

Table 3. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays, private sector,
by industry division. United States, 1975 and 1976
U n thousands)

2J

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

NOTE: Because of rounding, the sum of the components may not add to the totals. Differences between the estimate of total cases and the sum
of the estimates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases without lost workdays may not reflect the fatality estimate.
SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




74

Table 4. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1976
(In thousands)

Injuries and illnesses

Industry 1/

Private sector _3/--------------

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing _3/--------

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

5,163 .7

SIC
code
2/

1,978 8

Average
lost
workdays
per lo8 1
workday
case

Injuries

Illnesses

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

17

4,995.8

1.918 1

Ave ra ge
los t
workdays
per lost
workday
case

17

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

167.9

60 .7

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

25

28 7

18

63.0

27 2

18

5.0

1 .5

9

17 5
10 2
5
4

15
22
21
34

39.2
21.9
1.2
.7

16 6
9 7
5
4

15
23
21
35

3.0
1.9
.1

8
11
3

-

9
5
(*)
-

43 8

20

82.4

43 5

20

.7

4

10

10
11
12
13
14

4 7
7
25 4
45 5
6 8

3 3
3
14 9
20 9
4 4

19
21
17
23
15

4.7
.7
25.4
44.8
6.8

3 3
3
14 9
20 5
4 4

18
21
17
23
15

-

-

-

(*>
.7
(*>

<0
4
(*>

11
9
15

464 7

166 0

19

452.6

162 6

19

12.1

3 4

22

15
16
17

119 6
116 3
228 8

43 2
39 4
83 4

19
20
19

117.4
113.4
221.8

42 4
38 5
81 7

19
20
19

2.2
2.9
7.0

8
8
1 8

13
27

2,378 2

Metal mining 4/--------------------------Anthracite mining 4/--------------------Bituminous coal and lignite mining 4/---Oil and gas extraction------------------Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels _4/~—

67 .9
42 2
23 7
1 2
7
83 1

Agricultural production _3/-------------- Agricultural services-------------------Forestry---------------------------------Fishing, hunting, and trapping-----------

871 6

16

2,281.6

839 6

17

96.6

32 0

16

1,502 1

545 1

16

1,440.1

525 1

16

62.0

20 0

16

17
16
18
18
16
15
16
16
16
15

138.6
68.7
96.7
176.6
262.6
277.6
133.9
206.5
36.0
42.9

17
16
18
18
16
15
16
16
16
15

2.3
1.6
3.8
6.7
9.4
10.2
11.6
10.8
3.0
2.6

7
5
4
9
9
0
8
9
0
9

17
21
18
15
16
18
16
13
15
14

01-02
07
08
09

Construction---------------------------------General building contractors------------Heavy construction contractors---------- Special trade contractors----------------

Durable goods
Lumber and wood products----------------Furniture and fixtures------------------Stone, clay, and glass products---------Primary metal industries----------------Fabricated metal products---------------Machinery, except electrical------------Electric and electronic equipment--- — —
Transportation equipment--------------- —
Instrument8 and related products--------Miscellaneous manufacturing industries—

24
25
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

9
4
5
2
9
7
5
3
1
6

62
24
39
69
98
93
47
82
12
15

1
9
8
1
2
0
2
5
8
5

61
24
38
67
95
90
43
78
11
14

4
3
4
2
3
0
4
7
7
7

1
1
2
3
3
3
1

_

_

876 1

326 5

17

841.5

314 5

17

34.6

12 0

15

20
21
22
23
26
27
28
29

311
6
93
77
91
65
85
15

129
2
24
22
31
24
32
6

5
7
5
2
3
8
4
3

16
15
20
16
20
16
16
20

298.4
6.5
91.5
75.1
89.5
64.0
77.7
15.0

124
2
24
21
30
24
30
6

4
7
0
5
6
4
2
1

15
15
20
16
20
16
16
20

12.7
.1
1.9
2.3
2.2
1.5
7.3
.7

5 2
(*)
5
7
6
5
2 2
2

14
12
15
15
19
14
12
14

30
31

101 9
27 8

42 9
9 9

16
17

97.7
26.1

41 3
9 3

16
17

4.2
1.7

1 5
6

17
17

416 3

212 0

208 6

19

8.5

3 5

13

2
9
5
9
3
2
2 9
15 4
29 3

14
21
20
37
12
19
15
21
18

1.4
.2
1.8
.5
1.6

5
1
8
3
9

9
19
21
23
7

-

-

-

3
5

16
8

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products---------------Tobacco manufactures--------------------Textile mill products-------------------Apparel and other textile products------Paper and allied products---------------Printing and publishing-----------------Chemicals and allied products-----------Petroleum and coal products-------------Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products-------------------------------Leather and leather products-------------

140
70
100
183
271
287
145
217
39
45

_

_

-

Transportation and public utilities--------—

1
5
5
4
7
5
0
7

Wholesale trade----------------------------Wholesale trade— durable goods— ---------Wholesale trade— nondurable goods--------

50
51

Building materials and garden supplies--General merchandise stores--------------Food stores------------------------------Automotive dealers and service stations—
Apparel and accessory stores------------Furniture and home furnishings stores---Eating and drinking places--------------Miscellaneous retail---------------------

52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

407.9

14
21
20
36
12
19
15
21
18

49.6
19.8
161.8
25.3
46.5
.7
6.8
29.2
68.2

409 9

15

1,074.1

403 4

15

16.2

6 5

18

348 1

Wholesale and retail trade-------------------

19

1,090 3

40
41
42
44
45
46
47
48
49

6
0
2
2
2
2
3 0
15 7
29 8

142. 8

16

342.1

140 3

16

6.0

2 5

17

198 8
149 4

74 4
68 4

16
16

195.8
146.3

73 3
67 0

15
16

3.0
3.0

1 1
1 4

14

742 1

Railroad transportation _4/---------- ----Local and interurban passenger transit--Trucking and warehousing-------------- -—
Water transportation--------------------Transportation by air-------------------Pipelines, except natural gas-----------Transportation services-----------------Communication----------------------------Electric, gas, and sanitary services-----

267 1

15

732.0

263 0

15

10.2

4 0

18

3
0
5
7
7
2
9
7

19
14
16
18
17
18
12
17

48.2
138.2
175.5
122.8
10.7
20.5
167.0
48.9

1
5
1
7
6
9
8
3

19
14
16
18
17
18
12
17

.6
1.3
1.2
2.7
.2

3
5
3
1 0

9
0
7
8
1
7
7 0
30 1
70 1

50
20
163
25
48

48
139
176
125
10
20
169
49

8
6
8
6
9
9
7
8

28
10
86
13
25

19
48
67
38
3
9
59
20

See footnotes at end of table.




75

28
9
85
12
24

19
47
67
37
3
8
58
20

.2
.9
1.8

-

-

.8

3

_
_

28
29
14
-

“

Table 4. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1976—Continued
(In thousands)

Injuries and illnesses

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases

_1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

72.1

26.7

16

69.6

26.0

16

2.5

.7

31

17.5
4.9

5.5
1.5

15
-

17.2
4.8

5.4
1.5

14
-

.3
.1

.1
(*)

16

62
63
65

1.3
15.8
28.9

.5
5.9
11.6

14
15
17

1.3
15.4
27.2

.5
5.7
11.2

14
14
17

(*)
.3
1.8

.2
.4

25

591.1

220.0

19

564.7

207.2

17

26.4

12.8

-

70
72
73
75
76
78
79
80
82
83

58.6
21.1
78.8
31.2
18.7
5.2
38.0
246.4
31.0
21.6

20.7
8.3
30.9
11.6
7.3
1.9
13.0
93.1
11.3
8.6

18
21
13
21
17
20
15
22
12
16

56.9
19.9
75.9
30.3
18.1
5.0
36.6
232.3
30.1
21.0

20.2
7.7
29.8
11.3
7.0
1.8
12.6
84.6
11.0
8.5

18
17
20
21
16
21
15
17
12
16

1.7
2.9
.9
.6
.2
1.3
14.1
1.0
.5

.4
1.1
.2
.1
.4
.1

7
18
23
8
9

84
86
89

1.5
24.0
13.9

.5
7.6
4.8

15
17
14

1.5
23.3
12.9

.5
7.3
4.4

15
17
14

.1
.7
.9

(*)
.4

17
-

Services-------------------------------------Hotels and other lodging places---------Personal services-----------------------Business services-----------------------Auto repair, services, and garages------Miscellaneous repair services-----------Motion pictures--------------------------Amusement and recreation services-------Health services-------------------------Educational services--------------------Social services--------------------------Museums, botanical, and zoological
gardens--------------------------------Membership organizations----------------Miscellaneous services-------------------

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Illnesses

60
61

Finance, insurance, and real estate---------Banking----------------------------------Credit agencies other than banks--------Security, commodity brokers, and
services--------------------- —— —-----Insurance carriers----------------------Real estate-------------------------------

Lost
workday
cases

Injuries

“

Industry division totals include data for industries not shown separately.

2/

Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972 Edition.

_3/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

4/ Data conforming to OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and for
railroad transportation (SIC 40) were provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, and by the
Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
NOTE: Asterisks are shown for estimates of fewer than 50 cases.
Because of rounding, components may not add to totals.

Dashes indicate no data reported, or data that do not meet publication guidelines.

The number of lost workdays for the 2-digit SIC levels shown in this table can be approximated by multiplying the estimates of the number of
lost workday cases by the average lost workdays per lost workday case.
Approximations of average lost workdays per lost workday case for 3- and 4-digit SIC levels can be derived by dividing the incidence rate of
lost workdays by the incidence rate for lost workday cases appearing in tables 1 and 6.
SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




76

Table 5. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector,
by industry division and extent of case, United States, 1976
Incidence rates per 1 ,0 0 0 fu ll- tim e
w orkers'
Nonfatal
cases
Lost
without
workdays
lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Private s e c to r ...................

3.0

1.1

1.9

26.5

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
M in in g .........................
C o n s tru c tio n .................................
M a nufa cturing.............................
T ra n s p o rta tio n and p u b lic
u tilitie s .....................................
Wholesale and retail trade..........
F inance, insurance , and real
e s ta te .....................................
S e rv ic e s ...................................

8.0
1.0
4.0
5.3

2.4
.5
1.1
1.8

5.6
.4
2.9
3.6

22.1
4.8
24.6
27.5

2.0
1.1

.8
.4

1.1
.7

10.8
7.9

.7
2.4

.2
1.2

.5
1.2

5.9
64.8

Industry

'Incidence rates represent the number of illnesses or lost w orkdays
per 1,0 0 0 w o rk e rs , and w ere calcula ted as (N /E H ) X 2 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0
where
N
EH

=
=

number of illnesses or lost workdays
total hours worked by all em ployees during calendar
year
2,000,000 = base for 1,000 full-tim e equivalent w orkers (working 40
hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
SOURCE:

Table 6.

Bureau o f La b o r S ta tis tic s , U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r.

Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and category of illness, United States, 1976
Incidence rates per 1,000 full-tim e w orkers'

Total
illnesses

Skin
diseases
or disorders

Dust
diseases
of the
lungs

Respiratory
conditions
due to
toxic
agents

Poisoning

Private s e c to r................................................

3.0

1.3

(*)

.2

.1

.4

A griculture, forestry, and fis h in g ...........................
M inin g..........................................................................
C o n stru ctio n ..............................................................
M anufacturing............................................................
Transportation and public u tilitie s .......................
W holesale and retail tra d e .....................................
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te .....................
S e rvices......................................................................

8.0
1.0
4.0
5.4
2.0
1.1
.7
2.4

5.1
.4
1.0
2.6
.8
.4
.1
.8

(*)
(*)
.1
n

.3
.2
.2
.4
.3
.1
.1
.2

.5
.1
.1
.2
.1
.1
(*)
.1

1.0
.3
1.6
.6
.2
.1
.3
.3

Industry

d

n
n
d

'Incidence rates represent the number of illnesses per 1,000 full-tim e
workers, and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 2,000,000, where
N
EH

2 ,000,000

=

Disorders
associated
with
repeated
trauma
.4
.3
(*)
.1
1.1
.3
.1
(*)
.1

All other
occupational
illnesses
.5
.9
.1
.8
.4
.4
.4
.2
1.0

NOTE: A sterisks indicate an incidence rate of less than .05 per 1,000
full-tim e workers.

number of illnesses per 1,000 full-tim e w orkers
total hours w orked by all em ployees during the calen­
dar year
base for 1,000 full-tim e equivalent w orkers (working 40
hours per week, 50 weeks per year).




Disorders
due tq
physical
agents

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor S tatistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

77

Table 7. Distribution of occupational illnesses and lost workdays, private sector.
by category of illness and extent of case, United States, 1976
(In thousands)

Total
cases

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Category of Illness

Lost
workdays

Number

Dust diseases of the lungs------------------Pespiratory conditions due to toxic agents--Poisoning------------------------------------Disorders due to physical agents------------Disorders associated with repeated trauma--All other occupational illnesses-------------

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

167.9

100.0

60.7

100.0

106.9

100.0

1.490.5

100.0

71.6

Total--------------------

42.6
.7
7.8
3.6
14.4
13.7
17.2

17.3
.4
5.4
2.5

28.5
.7
8.9
4.1
10.Q
21.9
25.0

54.4

50.9
.7
7.1
3.3
16.5
°.l
12.4

109.2
16.5
58.5
33.9
60.3
327.4

13.4

12

1.1

45

3.9
2.3
4.0

11

22.0

14
9
25

“

“

“

1.2
13.1

6.1
24.2
23.0
28.8

6.6
13.3
15.2

.8
7.6
3.5
17.6
9.7
13.3

Number

Percent

Ave rage
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

25

MOTE: Recause of rounding, the components may not add to the totals.
Percents are computed using rounded estimates and nay vary from the
percent based on unrounded estimates. Average lost workdays per lost workday case were computed from the estimates before rounding.
Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




78

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976




79

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total
cases

2/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1975

1976

1975

1976

Lost
workdays

1975

1976

1975

1976

Public building and related furniture-----

253

17.9

18.5

5.7

6.1

12.2

12.3

89.0

83.5

Partitions and fixtures------------------Wood partitions and fixtures-----------Metal partitions and fixtures----- — —

254
2541
2542

18.4
15.7
21.5

20.9
18.8
23.3

6.0

12.4

13.1

5.1
7.0

7.9
7.1

10.6

11.8

8.8

14.5

14.5

98.7
78.0
122.7

106.8
107.5
106.0

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures-----Drapery hardware and blinds and shades—
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c------------

259
2591
2599

15.3
10.5
21.9

13.9
10.4
18.7

4.5
3.3

4.8
3.8

10.8

9.1

6.2

6.1

7.2
15.8

12.5

85.4
62.3
117.1

74.8
61.7
92.7

110.1

6.6

32

15.4

15.5

5.7

6.1

9.7

9.3

104.8

Flat glass---------------------------------

321

15.6

17.6

3.5

4.3

12.1

13.3

73.9

86.3

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown----Glass containers-----------------------Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c----------

322
3221
3229

14.0
16.0

13.9
16.2

5.0

9.0
9.8

8.1

11.2

10.8

3.2

5.8
' 7.5
3.5

96.6
120.3
63.8

106.4
138.6
64.8

Products of purchased glass--------------Cement, hydraulic-------------------------

323
324

14.9

12.2

17.6
13.0

2.8

5.7
3.1

9.9
9.4

79.1
79.2

68.9
91.0

Structural clay products-----------------Brick and structural clay tile---------Ceramic wall and floor tile------------Clay refractories----------------------Structural clay products, n.e.c---------

325
3251
3253
3255
3259

17.4
19.1
12.4
18.Q
17.4

17.3
19.3
13.0
14.0
22.5

7.5
8.5
4.8
5.7
11.3

10.5

9.7

11.0
8.6

10.8
8.2

11.4
9.7

11.1

117.4
124.0
79.8
122.9
134.4

117.4
122.9
77.6
113.2
160.8

Pottery and related products-------------Vitreous plumbing fixtures-------------Vitreous china food utensils-----------Fine earthenware food utensils---------Porcelain electrical supplies----------Pottery products, n.e.c-----------------

326
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

14.8

15.6
24.6

5.9

6.6

22.0

10.1

9.3
13.4

11.6
11.1

8.9
11.9
4.8
7.0

12.8

12.7
14.6

11.7
5.9
6.5
4.9
4.8

9.0
12.9
5.8
4.6
7.8
9.8

106.2
154.9
89.2
149.4
98.0
76.6

116.1
201.4
106.5
146.5
99.4
66.3

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products---Concrete block and brick---------------Concrete products, n.e.c---------------Ready-mixed concrete-------------------Gypsum products-------------------------

327
3271
3272
3273
3275

16.6
16.9

9.2
8.5

14.2
7.7

16.1
16.5
20.5
14.9
6.3

129.1
146.0
142.7
127.3
43.9

Cut stone and stone products--------------

328

14.6

15.0

90.6

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products------------------------------Abrasive products----------------------Asbestos products----------------------Gaskets, packing, and sealing devices--Minerals, ground or treated------------Mineral wool— --- — ------ -— ---------Nonclay refractories-------------------Nonmetallic mineral products, n.e.c-----

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297
3299

15.1
17.3
13.1
12.3
16.8
15.8
18.8
11.7

Stone, clay, and glass products-------------

14.5

21.8

6.2
5.0

6.9

8.1
3.8

6.6
7.6

4.5
6.4
4.6
4.8

8.0

8.2
9.7

8.7
7.4

11.8
9.9

8.3

6.9

10.2
9.8
13.0
9.0
5.9

11.6
8.6

1.8

8.0
8.8
6.2
1.6

4.7

118.3
135.2
153.7
98.6
46.1

5.7

7.2

8.8

7.8

106.6

14.9
17.7
15.3
14.4
16.8
11.3
17.8
9.8

5.8
6.7
5.6
4.0
6.7

9.3

7.8
3.2

5.8
6.4
5.8
4.6
6.4
5.5
7.6
4.0

6.4
7.0

8.8
5.2

6.2

9.6

9.1
11.3
9.5
9.8
10.4
5.7

11.0

10.2

8.5

5.7

104.3
112.9
113.6
62.5
119.8
114.7
136.2
56.1

10.6
7.6
8.3

10.0

102.9

102.6
109.5
77.7

120.8
98.7
150.9
56.6

33

16.4

16.0

5.9

6.1

10.4

9.9

110.3

112.2

Blast furnace and basic steel products---Blast furnaces and steel mills-------- —
Electrometallurgical products----------Steel wire and related products--------Cold finishing of steel shapes---------Steel pipe and tubes--------------------

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

12.0

11.7

10.1

4.0
3.3
4.8
9.3
8.3
9.9

8.2

10.4
16.0
20.7
23.7
21.7

3.8
3.1
5.4
9.5
7.8
7.7

15.9
14.0

7.7
6.9
8.5
9.5
17.3
13.3

75.9
68.5
107.6
133.0
139.5
102.9

85.7
76.0
93.4
141.8
168.2
151.6

Iron and steel foundries-----------------Gray iron foundries--------------------Steel investment foundries--------------

332
3321
3324
3325

27.8
27.9
30.6

26.2
26.3
17.9
27.9

11.2
10.8

10.5
10.4
7.1
11.3

16.7
17.1

15.7
15.8

-

10.8

17.3

16.5

185.9
177.7
232.0

168.6
156.4
115.7
216.3

Primary nonferrous metals----------------Primary copper— ----------------------Primary lead---------------------------Primary zinc---------------------------Primary aluminum-----------------------Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c--------

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

14.1

13.6

5.3
5.2
4.3

8.6
7.7
-

8.3
6.9
14.3

20.0
11.8

5.5
4.2
5.6
4.8

11.2

123.5
143.3
99.0
188.8
101.4
136.4
203.7

Primary metal industries--------------------

13.3
18.8
25.6
23.1

13.3

7.3
10.7

11.2

12.0

12.2

17.3
13.3
16.9

18.6

8.8

11.6

7.3

8.6

4.5
6.3

8.4

16.4

8.2

10.0

133.6
156.7
142.2
103.8
178.8

Secondary nonferrous metals---------------

334

26.0

25.4

10.6

11.9

15.3

13.5

192.5

Nonferrous rolling and drawing-----------Copper rolling and drawing-------------Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil--------Aluminum extruded products-------------Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c--Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating—

335
3351
3353
3354
3356
3357

12.4
13.4
10.9

13.2
16.9
12.7
14.7
10.4
11.9

4.4
4.9

8.0

8.3
10.3

4.1
5.0

4.9
6.7
3.9
5.9
3.7
4.6

85.6
108.8
71.7
86.4

Nonferrous foundries---------------------Aluminum foundries---------------------Brass, bronze, and copper foundries----Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c-------------

336
3351
3362
3369

21.4
20.5
25.1
19.5

22.0
22.6
22.9
19.7

7.9
7.6
9.6
7.0

9.3
9.1
9.5
9.7

13.5
12.9
15.5
12.5

Miscellaneous primary metal products-----Metal heat treating--------------------Primary metal products, n.e.c-----------

339
3398
3399

18.5

20.3

7.4

8.6

11.1

21.6

21.8

8.8

14.7

18.3

5.6

9.5
7.4

12.7
9.1

12.2
-

12.8

See footnotes at end of table.




80

2.8

8.4

8.1
8.2
7.8

8.8
8.8
6.6

-

93.9

122.1
82.3
118.8

68.1

7.3

86.9

84.1

12.7
13.5
13.3

10.0

137.8
140.6
157.4
107.0

144.8
128.7
153.6
176.1

11.7
12.3
10.9

118.7
128.6
106.3

124.1
136.9
108.3

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers j /

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total
cases j4/

2/

1975

1976

Nonfatal
cases
without
1081
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1975

1976

1975

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

34

18.4

18.2

6.4

6.6

12.0

11.6

101.4

106.5

Metal cans and shipping containers-------Metal cans— — — —--------------------Metal barrels, drums, and pails---------

341
3411
3412

18.4
17.7

1 9 .Z

12.9
12.4
15.8

13.1
12.5
15.9

102.2

18.5
23.0

6.1
6.0

22.2

5.5
5.4
6.4

111.5
108.0
130.0

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware--------Cutlery—----------------------- —-------Hand and edge tools, n.e.c-------------Hand saws and saw blades----------------

342
3421
3423
3425
3429

15.0
12.3
18.1
15.3
13.7

16.1
12.4
19.0
20.9
14.8

5.2
3.6
6.7
4.7
4.6

6.0
3.9
7.5

9.8
8.7
11.4

10.1
8.6

81.3
53.5

101.2

8.0

10.6

5.3

9.1

11.5
12.9
9.4

Plumbing and heating, except electric----Metal sanitary ware--------------------Plumbing fittings and brass goods------Heating equipment, except electric------

343
3431
3432
3433

16.8
18.6
13.2
18.9

18.1

5.2
4.6
4.2
6.3

6.4

11.6

8.0

15.2
19.0

14.0
9.0

6.6

12.6

Fabricated structural metal products-----Fabricated structural metal------------Metal doors, sash, and trim------------Fabricated plate work------------------Sheet-metal work-----------------------Architectural metal work---------------Prefabricated metal buildings-----------

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448

22.3
26.0

21.6

8.0

8.1

23.4

21.0
20.8

21.6

9.9
7.2

21.4
22.5
22.4

21.3
21.3
19.2
20.5

10.5
6.5
7.6
6.9
8.4
6.9

Screw machine products, bolts, etc-------Screw machine products-----------------Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers--------

345
3451
3452

15.1
14.2
15.9

15.0
14.1
15.8

Metal forgings and stampings-------------Iron and steel forgings----------------Automotive stampings-------------------Crowns and closures--------------------Metal stampings, n.e.c------------------

346
3462
3465
3466
3469

18.9
25.7
15.5
18.6

17.6
23.2
13.7
19.4
18.5

Metal services, n.e.c--------------------Plating and polishing------------------Metal coating and allied services-------

347
3471
3479

16.1
14.8
18.9

16.1
15.4
17.6

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c----------Small arms ammunition----------- — -----Ammunition, except for small

348
3482

8.3
4.3

9.2
3.7

Small arms-------------------------------

3483
3484

9.5
9.4

Miscellaneous fabricated metal productsValves and pipe fittings---------------Wire springs----------------------------Miscellaneous fabricated wire products—
Metal foil and leaf--------------------Fabricated pipe and fittings-----------Fabricated metal products, n.e.c--------

349
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

Fabricated metal products-------------------

7.1

98.8
122.3

89.5
74.4

97.0
55.2
114.6
101.9
94.5

11.7
13.7
9.8
12.4

90.8

6.9
7.9
7.9

14.2
15.5
14.5
13.2
14.5
14.1
15.5

13.5
13.5
14.4
13.3
14.5
11.3

123.9
157.0
104.5
119.2
103.1
139.2

12.6

102.8

127.4
106.0
135.8
128.6

4.6
3.5
5.5

4.7
4.0
5.3

10.5
10.7
10.4

10.3

73.0
63.3
81.7

72.0
55.4
86.5

6.7

6.4
10.5
4.6
7.3

12.2

11.2

14.7
10.5
-

12.7
9.1

113.0
177.6

12.2

6.0

6.2

12.6

12.4

101.7

108.4
191.2
71.6
309.9
95.5

5.7
5.3

6.2
6.1

6.6

6.7

10.4
9.5
12.3

11.0

88.9
81.3
105.5

93.4
90.6
99.8

2.9

1.6

3.3
1.3

5.3
2.7

5.9
2.3

50.7
31.9

57.2
30.4

11.3
9.3

3.5
3.6

4.0
3.6

6.0

7.3
5.6

62.6
59.2

77.3
52.8

18.1
17.7
14.7
18.8
15.3
23.5
15.6

17.7
17.5
15.1
18.3
17.8
21.4
16.2

6.1

6.3
6.4
4.2
7.0

12.0
11.8

11.4

94.4

5.9
4.0
6.4
5.7
7.8
5.2

11.1
10.8

88.1

99.2
97.6
70.1
107.9

35

14.4

13.7

Engines and turbines---------------------Turbines and turbine generator sets----Internal combustion engines, n.e.c------

351
3511
3519

11.6
12.6
11.0

Farm and garden machinery----------------Farm machinery and equipment-----------Lawn and garden equipment--------- ----—

352
3523
3524

Construction and related machinery-------Construction machinery-----------------Mining machinery-----------------------Oil field machinery--------------------Elevators and moving stairways---------Conveyors and conveying equipment------Hoists, cranes, and monorails----------Industrial trucks and tractors----------

21.8

11.0
5.1
-

5.4

8.0

5.9

7.3
5.4

10.7
12.4
9.7
15.7
10.5

4.4

4.4

11.4
9.5
12.4

3.1
2.5
3.5

3.3
2.9
3.5

20.1
20.6

19.2
19.7

6.6

6.8

6.9

1 6.2

1 4.6

4.1

353
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537

18.1
17.3

17.0
16.1
20.7
18.7

6.2
8.1

12.2

3.4

6.4
5.9
7.1
8.3
3.3

17.8
17.7
13.5

6.2

Metalworking machinery-------------------Machine tools, metal cutting types-----Machine tools, metal forming types-----Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixturesMachine tool accessories---------------Power driven hand tools----------------Rolling mill machinery-----------------Metalworking machinery, n.e.c-----------

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547
3549

13.4
13.7
16.3
12.3
13.4

13.0

3.6
4.0
5.2
2.9
3.2

Special industry machinery---------------Food products machinery— ---------------Textile machinery----------------------Woodworking machinery------------------Paper industries machinery-------------Printing trades machinery--------------Special industry machinery, n.e.c------General industrial machinery-------------Pumps and pumping equipment----— ------Ball and roller bearings---------------Air and gas compressors----------------Blowers and fans-----------------------Speed changers, drives, and gears------Industrial furnaces and ovens----------Power transmission equipment, n.e.c---General industrial machinery, n.e.c-----

Machinery, except electrical----------------

21.2
20.1
16.7
20.5
18.4
12.7

5.9
4.4

10.5

9.9
9.4

88.1

9.2

66.4

68.0

8.5

10.0

8.1
6.6

7.5

9.0

50.4
42.8
55.7

58.9
48.1
65.6

13.5
13.7

12.4

12.0

1 0.5

84.6
87.3
62.7

88.8

7.1
4 .1

11.8

10.6
10.2

93.6
85.8
110.3
118.7
62.1
87.6
92.3
80.0

98.0
86.4
112.4
126.3

57.1
57.4
78.0
47.6
50.6
37.6
106.9
105.5

56.1
60.2

69.3
75.4
47.2
79.7
88.9
60.1
72.9

72.1
77.3
55.1
95.0
95.7
59.2
72.6

71.1
72.8
60.5
83.4

72.9
81.8
61.7
76.9
99.6
74.9
67.5
64.3
59.4

6.0
6.6
4.6

11.4
13.9

12.0
13.3
14.3
12.5
8.3

11.6
14.1

12.6

13.6
10.4
8.9

11.8
11.0
8.9

16.5
15.0

5.9
4.7

10.4

10.6

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

17.0
18.3
15.5
18.0
20.5
13.4
17.5

16.4
18.4
12.9
19.9
20.3
14.6
16.0

4.6
5.6
3.1
5.5
5.3
3.3
5.1

4.7
5.9
3.2
5.4
5.7
3.7
4.8

12.4
12.7
12.4
12.5
15.1

10.1

11.7
12.5
9.7
14.6
14.6
10.9

12.5

11.2

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3566
3567
3568
3569

15.0
15.4
10.3
13.7
18.0
19.4
17.9
17.4

14.3
17.0

4.8
5.2
3.3
4.6

4.6
5.6
3.5
3.9
6.4
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.2

10.2
10.2

9.7
11.4

7.0
9.1
11.9
13.2
12.7

6.6
8.0
11.8

100.6

10.4
11.7
8.9
10.3

79.0
67.6
60.2

12.2

10.0
11.9
18.2
14.9
16.1
13.4
14.5

81

6.2
6.1
5.3
-

4.7

112.0

9.9

11.3

2.8

15.5
13.2

129.1
160.1

10.8

6.1

10.5
14.8
14.9

12.0

12.6

95.3
92.4
84.5
104.7

68.7
101.9
71.4
118.1
86.5

3.5
3.6
4.8
3.3
3.1
2.7
4.5
4.3

See footnotes at end of table.




5.9
7.3

10.1

79.5
73.2

68.1

9.8
9.7

11.1
9.4

10.1
9.2

10.6

-

12.7

9.5
8.9
10.7
9.9
9.1
7.9
10.3

110.1
110.8
89.7

91.4
66.8

68.6
88.8
107.1
84.5

68.0
53.5
51.3
43.6
72.7
73.5

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
unitea states, 1975 and 1975—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers J /

Industry I f

SIC
code

Total
cases

2/

1975

1976

357
3572
3573
3579

4.5
3.6
3.7
9.6

4.3
3.4
3.7
7.6

Refrigeration and service machinery------Automatic merchandising machines-------Commercial laundry equipment-----------Refrigeration and heating equipment----Measuring and dispensing pumps---------Service industry machinery, n.e.c-------

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

15.6
13.7

15.7
15.4

21.0

20.6

14.8
20.4
16.9

15.5
12.9
16.9

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical----------------------------Carburetors, pistons, rings, valves----Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c— —

359
3592
3599

16.0
13.9
16.3

Office and computing machines------------Typewriters-----------------------------Electronic computing equipment----------

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1975

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

2.6
2.0
2.1

19.9

21.2

20.0

5.2

42.2

26.6
34.1

76.4
52.3
60.6
83.5
64.7
63.2

78.2
78.9
81.9
82.9
60.8
65.3

73.1
103.0
68.7

66.9
77.9
65.2

1.4
1.4

1.7
1.3

1.2

1.6

2.7

2.4

3.1
2.3
2.5
6.9

4.4
4.1
4.2
4.5
4.5
4.1

4.7
5.1
5.5
4.8
3.8
4.7

11.3
9.6
16.8
10.3
15.9
12.9

11.0

5.2
5.6
5.1

4.8
4.9
4.8

10.8

10.2

8.4

15.3

11.2

7.8
10.5

15.0

12.6

10.4
15.0
10.7
9.2

12.2

22.2

1976

27.4

36

7.8

7.9

2.3

2.5

5.5

5.3

38.2

41.3

Electric distributing equipment----------Transformers---------------------------Switchgear and switchboard apparatus----

361
3612
3613

9.3
9.3

10.4

11.0

2.3
-

3.1
3.4

9.9

2.1

2.8

7.0
7.2

7.3
7.6
7.1

43.1
42.6

49.7
53.6
46.7

Electrical Industrial apparatus----------Motors and generators------------------Industrial controls--------------------Welding apparatus, electric------------Carbon and graphite products------------

362
3621
3622
3623
3624

10.6

9.8

10.2

3.4
3.8
2.3
5.2
3.5

3.2
3.4
2.4
4.6
4.3

7.2

11.9
7.8
15.8
8.4

6.6
6.8
6.1

52.3
55.6
35.8
62.2

Household appliances---------------------Household cooking equipment------------Household refrigerators and freezers---Electric housewares and fans-----------Household vacuum cleaners--------------Sewing machines------------------------Household appliances, n.e.c-------------

363
3631
3632
3634
3635
3636
3639

12.7
13.4
13.7

12.3
18.0
9.6

3.6
5.4

11.1
10.2

11.2

3.6
3.5
4.7
3.2

Electic lighting and wiring equipment----Electric lamps-------------------------Current-carrying wiring devices--------Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices-----Residential lighting fixtures----------Commercial lighting fixtures-----------Vehicular lighting equipment-----------Lighting equipment, n.e.c---------------

364
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648

11.1

Radio and TV receiving equipment---------Radio and TV receiving sets------------Phonograph records----------------------

365
3651
3652

7.1
7.3

6.6

7.5
7.2
8.7

Communication equipment------------------Telephone and telegraph apparatus------Radio and TV communication equipment---

366
3661
3662

4.4
5.4
4.0

4.0
4.7
3.8

Electronic components and accessories----Electron tubes, receiving type---------Electron tubes, transmitting-----------Semiconductors and related devices-----Electronic capacitors------------------Electronic resistors-------------------Electronic coils and transformers------Electronic connectors------------------Electronic components, n.e.c------------

367
3671
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679

5.7
4.1
4.9
3.9
5.4
7.0
6.9
7.1

6.0

369
3691
3692
3693
3694

10.2

9.6
19.1

3699

Electric and electronic equipment-----------

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies— — — ——— ———— — ——- ----Storage batteries----------------------Primary batteries, dry and wet---------X-ray apparatus and tubes--------------Engine electrical equipment------------Electrical equipment and
supplies, n.e.c-----------------------

19.6

6.7
8.7

20.6
13.7
16.3
11.4
11.5

21.5
6.3
6.4
7.9

8.5
13.9
8.9

2.6
3.5
2.7

7.4
7.5
23.4

2.8
5.5

2.0

11.3
7.1
9.9
20.5
14.5
17.1
5.9
9.9

3.3

3.7

2.2
2.2

2.9

3.6
4.9
4.3
5.9
8.7
9.4
7.7
6.5

1.8

7.8
3.7
5.3
1.9
3.7

8.1

2.1
2.0

2.6

2.3
1.3
1.9

1.0
1.6
1.1
1.5

1.2
1.4

2.2
2.1
1.9

3.6
9.4
1.3

5.0
6.5
1.9
3.8

2.3
3.8
1.3

1.6
1.2
1.9

.8
1.8
1.6
1.7
2.7
2.5
3.7

9.3
4.5

9.1
9.9
9.0
7.9
7.4
14.1

8.7
12.5
7.0
7.7
4.7
5.5
15.8

49.6
52.4
47.9
53.9
58.4
82.8

7.8
4.6
6.5

7.6
5.4
7.0
12.5
9.5
10.5
4.0

56.6
37.1
42.5

5.4

10.6

12.8
10.0
11.1

101.0
52.9
84.7
33.9
52.6
60.7
27.2

121.1

112.8

63.3
37.2
50.1
119.0
119.8
33.3
52.8

86.2

6.1

71.5
95.6
38.8
47.6

5.1
5.3
4.3

5.0
5.0
5.0

38.3
37.7
40.9

39.3
34.7
57.9

3.1
3.6
3.0

2.7
3.0

23.7
37.6
17.5

22.8

4.1
3.0
3.3
2.7
4.0
4.8
4.8

4.1

25.5
35.1
33.1

9.5
7.8

2.6

2.8

20.1

4.2

30.1
36.4
19.8
24.2

31.2
23.8
33.2
28.1
35.3
51.0
39.5
42.2
24.3

59.3
155.6
18.8
24.6
40.5

58.7
147.3
20.9
29.9
41.4
61.2

2.8
3.1

6.0

2.0

5.1

6.9
3.9
4.5

-

32.3
19.0

3.8
8.9

6.6
12.1

10.2

5.0
4.8
5.4

5.8
4.0
4.9

5.9

5.8
7.7

1.6
2.4

2.1
1.8
2.8

9.4

9.1

3.6

3.5

5.7

5.6

57.4

37

11.8

11.8

4.2

4.5

7.6

7.3

71.9

70.9

Motor vehicles and equipment------------- Motor vehicles and car bodies----------Truck and bus bodies-------------------Motor vehicle parts and accessories----Truck trailers--------------------------

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

12.8
10.6

11.8

4.3
3.5

4.3
3.4

8.5
7.1
16.1
8.9
14.7

7.5
14.5
7.8
18.4

64.7
49.1
114.0
72.1
128.8

59.4
43.4
111.4
157.4

Aircraft and parts-----------------------Aircraf t------------- ------------------Aircraft engines and engine parts------Aircraft equipment, n.e.c---------------

372
3721
3724
3728

3.9
3.1
3.3
7.0

32.2
22.4
42.1
51.6

34.0
27.8
37.7
49.6

Ship and boat building and repairing-----Ship building and repairing------------Boat building and repairing-------------

373
3731
3732

Railroad equipment-----------------------Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts----------

374
375

Transportation equipment----------------- ;
--

8.0

7.6

4.8

51.5
58.1
32.4
70.7
76.9

8.1

24.3
13.3
23.2

9.5
23.1
12.3
28.7

5.8
4.2
6.5

5.9
4.7
5.6

10.2

10.1

3.4

22.3

21.6

22.6
22.1

24.8

24.4

9.9
9.8
10.4

18.7
11.9

17.7
14.4

6.7
3.6

See footnotes at end of table.




82

8.2

8.6

4.5
8.5

4.5
10.3

1.9

2.0

1.2
2.6

1.5
2.4
3.1

3.9
3.0
3.9
6.9

6.1

66.0

10.5

12.4

12.2

202.0

10.8

11.8

9.4

14.4

11.4
15.0

215.6
148.8

191.4
205.1
142.6

6.8

12.0
8.2

10.9
9.7

135.8
56.0

146.0
75.9

4.7

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Industry 1 /

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases 4/

1975

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1975

1976

1975

1.3

1.1

1.2
1.2

2.6
2.2

-

2.4

-

7.2
7.4
7.8

9.2
9.7
5.6
9.7

16.5
18.1
14.7

17.6
19.8
9.7
13.7

99.7
92.3
141.5

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and
parts---------------------------------Guided missiles and space vehicles-- Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c----------

376
3761
3769

3.9
3.4

3.3
2.9

-

6.0

Miscellaneous transportation equipment---Travel trailers and campers------------Tanks and tank components--------------Transportation equipment, n.e.c---------

379
3792
3795
3799

23.6
25.5
22.4

26.9
29.5
15.3
23.4

-

1976

1975

1976

2.0

21.8

1.7
3.6

19.5

18.1
16.9
35.5

-

115.3

120.2
72.5
124.7

38

6.4

6.6

2.0

2.1

4.4

4.5

33.6

33.8

Engineering and scientific instruments----

381

5.8

5.7

1.5

2.0

4.3

3.8

20.0

32.0

Measuring and controlling devices--------Environmental controls-----------------Process control instruments------------Fluid meters and counting devices------Instruments to measure electricity-----Measuring and controlling
devices, n.e.c------------------------

382
3822
3823
3824
3825

6.7
7.4
7.2
9.6
4.5

7.3
8.5
7.8
10.3
5.2

2.0
2.2
2.1

2.3
2.9

2.9
1.5

3.2
1.9

4.7
5.2
5.1
6.7
2.9

5.0
5.6
5.7
7.1
3.3

35.7
44.5
37.0
55.0
27.4

36.9
53.4
30.5
46.1
27.9

3829

8.5

8.5

1.9

2.6

6.6

5.9

22.7

38.3

Optical instruments and lenses------------

383

6.3

5.2

1.5

1.4

4.8

3.8

27.6

25.0

Medical instruments and supplies---------Surgical and medical instruments-------Surgical appliances and supplies-------Dental equipment and supplies-----------

384
3841
3842
3843

7.8

2.4

2.3

2.2

2.1

7.3
8.7

7.3
6.4
7.5
9.2

2.5
2.4

2.4
2.7

5.4
5.8
4.8
6.3

5.0
4.3
5.2
6.5

43.1
39.3
46.3
41.9

37.7
38.8
38.4
31.9

Ophthalmic goods--------------------------Photographic equipment and supplies------Watches, clocks, and watchcases-----------

385
386
387

5.5
5.7
5.3

6.1
6.0
6.3

1.6
2.1
1.6

2.2
2.0
2.0

3.9
3.6
3.7

3.9
3.9
4.3

23.6
34.5
31.3

33.4
29.4
29.9

10.8

11.0

3.5

3.8

7.3

7.2

55.5

56.2

6.7
5.6
9.7
7.0

6.0

2.2

2.1

4.5

11.0

1.5
4.1

1.4
4.9

3.9
3.1

38.6
22.7
77.2
49.3

35.2
18.8
91.5
31.5

Instruments and related products.------------

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries------

39

8.1

2.1

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware——---Jewelry, precious metal----------------Silverware and plated ware------------Jewelers' materials and lapidary work---

391
3911
3914
3915

6.3

2.1

1.8

4.6
4.1
5.6
4.9

Musical instruments-----------------------

393

12.7

12.6

3.7

4.5

8.9

8.1

54.2

56.8

Toys and sporting goods------------------Games, toys, and children's vehicles---Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c------

394
3944
3949

12.3

13.0
13.4
13.8

4.2
4.9
3.9

4.7
5.2
4.6

8.1

8.3

7.7
9.0

8.1

67.7
75.8
64.4

67.9
76.5
66.5

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies---Pens and mechanical pencils------------Lead pencils and art goods-------------Marking devices--------------------------

395
3951
3952
3953

10.3
7.7
14.8

3.5

3.7
3.0
4.3

1.6

6.0

54.2
48.3
75.1
25.0

52.6
44.8
59.1

1.6

6.9
4.9
9.9
5.2

6.2

4.9

Costume jewelry and notions--------------Costume jewelry-------------------------Buttons---------------------------------Needles, pins, and fasteners------------

396
3961
3963
3964

7.7
5.0
-

2.0
1.6

2.5

5.7
3.5

5.4
4.1

34.7
27.8

-

6.1

-

-

9.7

-

2.7
2.9

-

6.7

-

40.7
33.5
28.5
50.3

Miscellaneous manufactures---------------Brooms and brushes---------------------Signs and advertising displays---------Burial caskets--------------------------Hard surface floor coverings-----------Manufacturing industries, n.e.c---------

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

12.1

12.7
12.5
14.1
16.0
10.9

4.0
4.2
4.6
4.6
4.1
3.2

8.3

8.7
8.3
9.5
11.4
6.7
7.7

60.6
58.5
73.4
59.9
58.4
51.8

62.3
64.5
80.0
58.0
74.5
45.6

12.6
12.9

6.8

9.9
7.0
11.9
7.6
7.9

6.1
8.8

2.8

-

2.0

6.1
4.5

9.1

4.0
7.6

22.0

9.7

11.0

3.9
4.2
4.4
5.0
3.2
3.1

10.9

11.3

3.9

4.2

7.0

7.1

65.7

70.4

20

17.5

18.5

7.0

7.7

10.5

10.8

109.6

119.3

Meat products-----------------------------Meatpacking plants---------------------Sausages and other prepared meats------Poultry dressing plants----------------Poultry and egg processing--------------

201
2011

25.2
29.3
21.9
19.7
19.2

26.4
32.4
20.9

10.3

20.0

6.8
7.9

14.9
16.7
13.2
12.9
11.3

15.1
17.7
11.9
12.7

19.0

11.4
14.6
9.0
7.3
7.2

136.5
160.3
128.9
97.4
95.8

151.4
182.8
136.0
107.7
108.4

Dairy products----------------------------Cheese, natural and processed----------Ice cream and frozen desserts----------Fluid milk-------------------------------

202
2022

14.6
13.4
16.2
15.1

5.4
4.9
6.5
5.5

5.9
5.4
6.9

8.1

8.7

8.4
9.6

8.0

2024
2026

13.6
13.3
16.1
13.5

91.2
72.0
87.8
99.9

104.7
91.7
96.7
114.3

Preserved fruits and vegetables----------Canned specialties---------------------Canned fruits and vegetables-----------Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups---Pickles, sauces, and salad dressings---Frozen fruits and vegetables-----------Frozen specialties----------------------

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038

17.0

6.4
4.2

117.5
91.3

19.3
17.5
16.4
18.8
12.4

16.7
11.5
18.6
15.7
15.3
18.8
14.0

Grain mill products----------------------Flour and other grain mill products----Cereal breakfast foods-----------------Rice milling----------------------------Blended and prepared flour-------------Wet corn milling------------------------Dog, cat, and other pet food-----------Prepared feeds, n .e.c-------------------

204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

15.3
15.1
16.0
19.7
16.9
9.5
17.9
15.2

15.0
14.6
15.1
20.3
16.0
9.9
17.4
14.9

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products-------------------

2013
2016
2017

12.4
14.0
16.5

11.0

10.2

See footnotes at end of table.




83

12.6
8.7

8.2
9.5
11.5
7.8

6.6

11.8

9.3
9.0

6.1

8.0

6.2

6.9
5.1
7.4
7.0
5.7

7.9
5.3

10.6
6.0
12.8
10.2
10.2
11.0

5.9

7.1

8.1

6.5

9.4
9.4

8.4
8.5
9.7

6.6
7.3

5.9
5.6
5.9

8.1

6.1

7.3
3.4
6.5

5.4
9.3
6.9
4.6
7.7

6.0

6.8

8.0

10.0
11.7
9.6

6.1
11.4
9.2

9.9
6.4

106.3
74.6

11.2

102.8

121.1

8.7
9.6
10.7

118.8
104.9
143.8
83.2

116.5
114.4
132.1

106.1
116.6
132.0
163.3
108.4

110.8

11.0
9.1
5.3
9.7

8.1

68.6
131.6
89.8

112.2
116.7
109.9
217.6
118.8
91.9
136.3
94.6

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976 —Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total
cases k)

2/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Bakery products---------------------------Bread, cake, and related products------Cookies and crackers----------------- --

205
2051
2052

12.7
12.5
13.8

13.4
13.5
12.9

5.3
5.4
5.0

5.6
5.7
5.3

7.4
7.1
8.8

7.8
7.8
7.6

90.5
89.9
93.4

101.2
98.3
115.1

Sugar and confectionery products---------Raw cane sugar--------------------------Cane sugar refining--------------------Beet sugar----------- — --------------- —
Confectionery products-----------------Chewing gum------------------------------

206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2067

14.5
18.2
13.7
22.0
12.9
-

14.7
21.9
13.0
21.3
12.4
14.3

6.3
9.1
6.7
10.8
4.8
"

6.4
9.6
6.3
11.5
5.0
5.7

8.3
9.0
7.0
11.2
8.1
"

8.3
12.3
6.7
9.8
7.4
8.6

96.5
109.7
139.6
109.6
89.4
-

103.2
118.8
132.7
135.3
80.3
179.8

Fats and oils-----------------------------Cottonseed oil mills-------------------Soybean oil mills----------------------Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c-------------Animal and marine fats and oils--------Shortening and cooking oils-------------

207
20 7A
2075
2076
2077
2079

18.7
18.1
12.3
23.3
19.7

20.3
20.0
15.2
15.0
26.2
19.9

7.8
8.3
4.1
11.0
6.9

7.7
7.7
4.6
5.5
12.7
6.1

10.9
9.7
8.2
12.1
12.8

12.5
12.3
10.5
9.4
13.5
13.8

149.4
233.9
68.1
191.1
122.0

131.4
160.8
89.7
177.7
175.1
101.0

Beverages-------- ---- ------------—
Malt beverages--------------------------Malt------------------ ------------ ----—
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits------Distilled liquor, except brandy--------Bottled and canned soft drinks---------Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c----

208
2082
2083
208A
2085
2086
2087

19.3
20.9
24.1
18.3
14.'2
20.5
8.9

22.8
22.9
25.3
17.6
15.7
25.5
8.2

7.4
6.7
9.1
8.0
4.7
8.5
3.1

9.0
7.4
9.6
8.6
6.1
10.5
3.5

11.9
14.2
15.1
10.3
9.4
12.0
5.7

13.8
15.5
15.8
9.0
9.6
15.0
4.7

110.9
139.6
177.2
124.9
85.0
107.0
40.2

125.0
128.8
167.3
125.4
109.9
131.5
51.2

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products—
Canned and cured seafoods--------------Fresh or frozen packaged fish----------Roasted coffee--------------------------Macaroni and spaghetti-----------------Food preparations, n.e.c----------------

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

14.9
16.3
17.2
12.4
16.8
14.0

15.4
16.5
16.3
13.0
17.7
14.9

6.1
6.9
7.2
4.8
7.0
5.5

6.5
7.2
7.3
5.0
7.9
6.0

8.8
9.4
9.9
7.7
9.7
8.5

8.9
9.3
9.0
8.0
9.8
8.8

107.3
139.6
105.7
90.8
164.1
92.3

103.5
116.0
106.3
94.0
144.2
91.1

Tobacco manufactures-----------------------Cigarettes--------------------------------Cigars------------------------------------Chewing and smoking tobacco--------------Tobacco stemming and redrying-------------

21

10.2

9.9

3.9

4.1

6.3

5.8

55.5

62.2

211
212
213
214

8.6
6.9
18.4

8.9
6.2
14.2
15.1

3.9
2.4
5.4

4.2
2.2
4.3
4.7

4.7
4.5
12.9

4.7
4.0
9.9
10.4

57.6
37.3
65.3

67.1
39.2
77.0
57.8

22

10.0

10.3

2.4

2.7

7.5

7.6

48.1

54.7

Weaving mills, cotton------------ --------Weaving mills, synthetics---------- ------Weaving and finishing mills, wool--------Narrow fabric mills----------- — ----------

221
222
223
22A

10.1
8.6
11.4
10.0

9.2
8.8
11.5
10.2

1.5
1.7
4.2
3.0

1.4
1.8
4.2
3.4

8.6
6.9
7.2
7.0

7.9
7.0
7.2
6.8

40.7
40.9
78.8
54.0

38.6
45.5
88.5
54.9

Knitting mills----------------------------Women's hosiery, except socks----------Hosiery, n.e.c-*Knit outerwear mills-------------------Knit underwear mills-------------------Circular knit fabric mills-------------Warp knit fabric mills-----------------Knitting mills, n.e.c-------------------

225
2251
2252
2253
225A
2257
2258

6.8
4.2
5.0
5.3
8.1
9.8
9.8

8.0
4.5
5.7
6.7
8.5
11.7
12.3

2.1
1.3
1.8
1.7
2.6
2.8
2.8

2.6
1.4
1.9
2.0
2.9
3.8
3.6

4.7
3.0
3.1
3.6
5.5
7.0
7.1

32.2
18.9
29.4
26.0
30.6
46.3
48.3

41.1
16.3
26.2
37.3
44.6
66.2
52.3

225 9

1 0.2

1 3.4

3.1

4.8

7 .1

5.5
3.0
3.8
4.6
5.6
7.9
8.7
8.6

5 0.8

8 0.6

Textile finishing, except wool-----------Finishing plants, cotton---------------Finishing plants, synthetics-----------Finishing plants, n.e.c-----------------

226
2261
2262
2269

13.3
13.2
14.5
11.1

13.0
12.7
12.9
13.8

3.6
3.2
4.4
3.2

3.9
3.7
3.7
4.9

9.7
10.1
10.1
7.8

9.1
9.0
9.2
9.0

70.9
79.3
70.0
52.1

81.0
94.8
63.9
85.3

Floor covering mills---------------------Woven carpets and rugs-----------------Tufted carpets and rugs-----------------

227
2271
2272

11.3
10.8
11.3

11.8
11.4
12.0

2.7
2.7
2.6

3.1
1.9
3.2

8.6
8.1
8.7

8.7
9.5
8.7

60.2
53.0
60.8

63.7
49.5
66.6

Yarn and thread mills--------------------Yarn mills, except wool----------------Throwing and winding mills-------------Wool yarn mills-------------------------Thread mills-----------------------------

228
2281
2282
2283
228A

10.8
11.4
10.7
8.7
8.6

11.7
11.7
10.8
14.0
11.8

2.4
2.2
3.0
3.1
2.3

2.8
2.7
2.7
4.1
2.9

8.4
9.3
7.8
5.6
6.3

8.9
9.0
8.1
9.8
8.9

44.0
40.2
45.1
67.6
41.9

57.6
60.3
47.8
72.3
40.9

Miscellaneous textile goods--------------Felt goods, except woven felts and hatsLace goods----------------- ------------Paddings and upholstery filling--------Processed textile waste----------------Coated fabrics, not rubberized---------Nonwoven fabrics-----------------------Cordage and twine-----------------------

229
2291
2292
2293
229A
2295
2297
2298

14.3
21.5
9.1
17.6
15.3
13.0
10.6
16.9

14.9
24.4
12.5
16.9
15.2
16.2
16.4
16.6

4.4
5.7
2.2
7.4
4.7
4.6
3.2
4.7

5.1
6.7
3.0
8.4
5.2
5.7
4.2
5.5

9.9
15.9
6.9
10.3
10.6
8.4
7.4
12.2

9.8
17.7
9.5
8.5
10.0
10.5
12.2
11.1

81.4
121.6
44.3
123.0
74.0
81.6
75.5
68.3

97.9
135.6
51.5
134.0
116.3
124.0
96.4
73.0

Textile mill products-----------------------

23

5.8

6.5

1.6

1.9

4.2

4.6

26.7

30.1

Men's and boys' suits and coats-----------

231

6.1

6.3

1.8

2.3

4.3

4.1

37.8

44.3

Men's and boys' furnishings--------------Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear---Men's and boys' underwear--------------Men's and boys' neckwear---------------Men's and boys' separate trousers------Men's and boys' work clothing----------Men's and boys' clothing, n.e.c---------

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

6.9
5.3
7.1
2.4
7.6
8.2
7.2

7.7
6.1
6.9
3.4
8.0
9.7
7.8

2.0
1.4
2.1
.4
2.3
2.7
1.8

2.3
1.6
2.3
.8
2.4
3.2
2.0

4.9
3.9
5.1
2.0
5.3
5.5
5.4

5.4
4.5
4.6
2.6
5.6
6.5
5.8

33.9
20.1
30.4
5.4
48.2
43.1
26.7

34.1
22.8
33.9
9.7
40.1
49.1
25.1

Apparel and other textile products----------

See footnotes at end of table*




84

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases U
_/

3^/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

Women's and misses' outerwear------------Women's and misses blouses and waists—
Women's and misses dresses------------Women's and misses suits and coats----Women's and misses outerwear, n.e.c----

233
2331
2335
2337
2339

4.3
3.6
3.3
4.8
5.8

4.7
4.1
3.4
5.1
6.4

1.0
.7
.8
1.1
1.5

1.2
.9
.8
1.3
1.7

3.3
2.9
2.5
3.8
4.3

3.5
3.2
2.6
3.8
4.7

16.4
14.2
13.8
16.6
20.7

20.7
17.1
14.5
23.3
28.7

Women's and children's undergarments-----Women's and children's underwear-------Brassieres and allied garments----------

234
2341
2342

5.4
5.4
5.2

6.0
5.9
6.5

1.2
1.2
1.4

1.5
1.4
1.6

4.1
4.3
3.8

4.6
4.5
4.9

19.6
18.0
24.4

23.2
22.0
26.9

Hats, caps, and millinery----------------Hats and caps, except millinery---------

235
2352

6.7
7.6

7.2
7.6

1.8
2.1

2.3
2.5

4.9
5.5

4.9
5.1

24.6
28.9

31.8
31.8

Children's outerwear---------------------Children's dresses and blouses---------Children's coats and suits-------------Children's outerwear, n.e.c-------------

236
2361
2363
2369

4.7
4.3
6.1

1.1
.9
1.2

-

4.7
4.8
4.6
4.6

14.6
10.3
23.0

-

1.5
1.1
1.4
1.9

3.6
3.4
4.8

-

6.2
5.9
6.0
6.6

-

19.9
13.5
21.4
24.6

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories----Fabric dress and work gloves-----------Robes and dressing gowns---------------Waterproof outergarments----------------

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

5.7
3.6
4.9
5.8
8.2
6.8

6.0
5.5
5.8
6.0
8.1
4.5

1.6
1.4
.9
1.6
2.8
1.9

1.8
2.4
1.2
1.6
2.2
1.4

4.1
2.1
4.0
4.2
5.5
4.9

4.1
3.2
4.6
4.4
5.9
3.1

23.8
26.0
12.2
23.2
40.1
29.3

29.1
41.6
18.6
25.4
33.9
23.4

239
2392
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

7.6
8.5

2.3
2.4

6.1
7.2
6.6
2.2
5.5
4.3
5.9

40.9
50.2
-

2.7

2.8
2.7
3.6
1.8
2.8
1.8
3.0

5.3
6.0

6.1
8.8

8.9
9.9
10.2
4.0
8.3
6.2
8.9

43.5

45.7
46.6
67.2
30.9
42.2
39.0
40.1

Apparel and accessories, n.e.c---------Miscellaneous fabricated textile
House furnishings, n.e.c---------------Canvas and related products------------Pleating and stitching-----------------Automotive and apparel trimmings-------Schiffli machine embroideries----------Fabricated textile products, n.e.c------

-

-

2.3
-

-

3.7
-

6.1

-

47.1
-

26

12.9

13.4

4.0

4.6

8.9

8.8

83.6

93.0

261
262
263

15.3
9.7
13.3

13.4
10.8
12.2

2.9
3.1
3.6

2.9
3.6
3.8

12.3
6.6
9.6

10.6
7.1
8.4

93.0
76.8
96.5

73.7
92.8
89.3

264
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

13.5
13.1
14.5
14.4
11.5
17.5
11.7
13.6
13.4

13.8
14.8
15.3
14.2
10.9
15.0
9.1
18.7
13.9

4.6
4.3
5.4
4.9
3.1
6.4
3.3
4.8
5.1

5.0
5.3
6.1
5.1
4.2
6.4
2.7
7.7
5.1

8.9
8.8
9.1
9.5
8.4
11.1
8.4
8.8
8.3

8.7
9.5
9.1
9.1
6.7
8.6
6.3
11.1
8.8

76.5
74.5
74.9
82.3
51.5
139.4
68.0
79.6
81.0

85.3
87.1
95.3
94.6
61.8
127.2
50.7
107.4
85.8

Paperboard containers and boxes----------Folding paperboard boxes---------------Set-up paperboard boxes----------------Corrugated and solid fiber boxes-------Sanitary food containers---------------Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products-------------------------------

265
2651
2652
2653
2654

15.0
13.9
10.9
16.7
11.8

15.7
14.6
12.4
18.2
10.3

4.4
3.9
3.5
5.0
3.1

5.3
5.0
4.3
6.1
3.7

10.6
10.0
7.5
11.7
8.7

10.4
9.6
8.1
12.0
6.6

88.9
76.5
64.9
100.7
68.7

98.4
83.7
73.7
114.1
71.0

2655

16.0

15.4

5.1

5.1

10.8

10.3

98.8

104.5

Building paper and board mills—

266

12.6

15.5

4.1

6.1

8.5

9.4

133.9

181.9

27

6.5

6.7

2.3

2.5

4.1

4.1

37.3

39.5

272

5.6
2.8

5.4
3.0

2.0
1.0

2.2
1.1

3.5
1.8

3.2
1.9

35.5
15.0

37.9
16.7

6.6
4.5
10.6

7.4
4.7
13.1

2.1
1.5
3.4

2.5
1.6
4.4

4.5
3.0
7.2

4.9
3.1
8.7

32.6
19.2
57.4

36.9
25.5
61.5

Paper and allied products-------------------

Paper mills, except building paper-------Paperboard mills--------------------------Miscellaneous converted paper products---Paper coating and glazing--------------Bags, except textile bags--------------Die-cut paper and board----------------Pressed and molded pulp goods----------Sanitary paper products----------------Stationery products--------------------Converted paper products, n.e.c---------

Printing and publishing---------------------

Periodicals--------------------------------

Book publishing-----------------------Book printing--------------------------

273
2731
2732

Miscellaneous publishing-

274

-

3.5

-

1.2

-

2.3

-

25.9

Commercial printing----------------------Commercial printing, letterpress-------Commercial printing, lithographic------Engraving and plate printing-----------Commercial printing, gravure------------

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

7.8
7.5
7.8
7.0
16.8

8.3
7.9
8.2
6.9
18.7

2.9
3.1
2.6
2.7
7.8

3.1
3.1
2.9
2.3
8.7

4.9
4.4
5.2
4.3
9.0

5.1
4.8
5.2
4.6
9.9

45.3
45.0
42.0
40.6
122.8

48.1
49.3
44.0
25.8
127.7

Manifold business forms------------------Greeting card publishing------------------

276
277

10.8
5.4

11.3
5.4

3.7
1.7

4.1
2.3

7.1
3.6

7.2
3.1

52.5
22.9

57.8
24.1

Blankbooks and bookbinding---------------Blankbooks and looseleaf binders-------Bookbinding and related work------------

278
2782
2789

9.6
9.6
9.6

9.5
9.2
9.9

3.1
3.0
3.2

3.4
3.3
3.5

6.5
6.6
6.4

6.1
5.9
6.4

52.6
47.1
60.3

49.0
46.4
52.9

Printing trade services------------------Lithographic platemaking services-------

279
2795

2.7

2.8
5.4

.9

.8
1.2

1.8
-

2.0
4.2

19.6

-

-

10.2
8.2

Chemicals and allied productsIndustrial inorganic chemicals--------Alkalies and chlorine----------------Industrial gases---------------------Inorganic pigments-------------------Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c-

-

28

7.5

7.5

2.6

2.9

4.9

4.6

46.1

48.0

281
2812
2813
2816
2819

6.9
7.0

6.4
5.4
7.1
11.0
6.0

2.2
1.9

2.5
2.1
2.6
5.0
2.2

4.7
5.0
6.6
4.2

4.0
3.3
4.4
6.0
3.7

53.4
50.9

50.1
46.8
42.8
107.6
44.8

-

9.4
6.2

See footnotes at end of table.




85

-

2.8
2.0

-

65.3
43.8

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total
cases ±1

2/

3_/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

3.4
5.4

33.1
44.3
14.4

38.9
61.6
25.6
18.5

Plastics materials and syntheticsPlastics materials and resins--Cellulosic man-made fibers-----Organic fibers, noncellulosic---

282
2821
2823
2824

5.4
8.3
2.5

5.5
7.8
3.6
3.3

1.9
2.9
.7

2.1
3.3
1.3
1.1

1.7

3.3
4.6
2.3
2.2

Biological products------------Mediclnals and botanicals------Pharmaceutical preparations-----

283
2831
2833
2834

5.8
4.6
8.1
5.7

5.8
5.3
7.0
5.8

2.4
2.2
2.9
2.3

2.4
2.1
3.2
2.4

3.5
2.4
5.3
3.4

3.4
3.1
3.8
3.4

35.0
37.6
54.9
32.2

35.2
37.0
52.2
33.0

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods—
Soap and other detergents------Polishes and sanitation goods--Surface active agents----------Toilet preparations-------------

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

9.5
9.3
9.2
12.6
9.4

9.0
8.5
10.0
12.6
8.2

3.4
3.5
3.3
4.2
3.3

3.6
3.7
4.3
4.5
3.1

6.0
5.8
5.8
8.4
6.1

5.3
4.8
5.7
8.1
5.1

54.8
62.6
40.4
110.3
50.0

58.1
59.7
55.2
94.3
53.9

Paints and allied products-----------

285

11.8

13.0

3.8

5.0

8.0

8.0

54.4

64.5

Industrial organic chemicalsGum and wood chemicals----Cyclic crudes and intermediates---------

286
2861
2865

7.0
8.4

7.6
13.1
8.4

2.6
2.6

3.0
6.5
3.0

4.5
5.8

4.6
6.7
5.4

48.2
54.9

45.2
111.6
48.6

Agricultural chemicals--Nitrogenous fertilizersPhosphate fertilizersFertilizers, mixing onlyAgricultural chemicals, n.e.c-

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

9.8
7.4
10.7
12.2
8.9

9.1
8.6
9.7
11.5
7.4

3.1
1.7
2.5
4.2
3.7

3.1
2.6
2.1
4.0
3.4

6.6
5.7
8.1
8.0
5.2

6.0
6.0
7.6
7.4
4.0

55.0
32.7
60.9
61.1
59.2

47.7
44.2
52.1
56.5
41.1

Miscellaneous chemical productsAdhesives and sealants-------ExplosivesPrinting ink----------------Chemical preparations, n.e.c-

289
2891
2892
2893
2899

10.6
12.5
5.8
10.2
12.0

11.1
15.4
6.5
9.4
11.6

3.5
4.2
1.7
3.6
4.2

4.1
5.9
1.8
3.5
4.2

7.0
8.3
4.1
6.6
7.8

7.1
9.4
4.6
5.8
7.4

58.6
57.1
33.8
62.7
66.0

72.5
90.7
40.4
65.5
77.2
61.3

-

-

-

29

8.5

7.6

3.0

3.1

5.5

4.5

63.8

Petroleum refining--------------------

291

6.7

5.5

2.4

2.5

4.2

3.0

53.6

46.6

Paving and roofing materials---------Paving mixtures and blocks---------Asphalt felts and coatings----------

295
2951
2952

15.8
11.9
18.3

15.9
12.6
17.8

4.9
3.7
5.6

5.4
4.6
5.9

10.9
8.1
12.7

10.5
8.0
12.0

103.9
91.5
111.7

118.8
113.2
122.2

299
2992
2999

14.6
12.3
22.6

14.5
12.4
22.4

6.0
5.3
8.6

5.7
4.7
9.6

8.5
7.0
14.0

8.8
7.7
12.7

97.0
74.1
177.5

106.2
71.0
236.4

Petroleum and coal products-------------

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
Lubricating oils and greases------Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c-

15.0

16.1

6.5

6.8

8.5

9.3

108.8

109.0

301
302
304
306
307

15.9
9.0
18.3
14.8
15.0

14.4
8.9
17.2
17.2
16.7

11.3
3.7
7.6
6.4
4.8

9.9
4.0
7.8
7.5
5.8

4.6
5.3
10.7
8.4
10.2

4.4
4.9
9.4
9.7
10.9

202.2
78.7
129.6
109.2
73.7

159.6
69.6
118.1
125.9
91.6

10.5

10.8

3.6

3.9

6.9

7.0

51.9

64.5

Leather tanning and finishing—
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings-

311
313

20.7
13.8

21.7
13.8

9.6
5.1

9.8
4.6

11.1
8.7

11.9
9.2

132.0
85.4

158.2
68.5

Footwear, except rubber-------------House slippersnuuae ai i p p e r a — ——— — —— ——— ——— ——— ——— —
Men's footwear, except athletic--Women's footwear, except athletlcFootwear, except rubber, n.e.c----

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

9.6
7.7
10.4
9.6
7.8

9.7
8.7
10.3
9.4
9.2

3.0
2.3
3.3
3.0
2.6

3.4
2.8
3.9
3.1
3.0

6.5
5.4
7.1
6.5
5.2

6.3
5.9
6.5
6.4
6.1

41.5
38.5
44.3
42.3
32.3

57.6
39.1
66.1
56.3
44.9

Leather gloves and mittens----------

315
316

9.9

7.0
13.0

3.5

2.5
4.0

6.4

4.6
9.0

46.7

41.0
60.4

317
3171
3172

7.4
7.6
7.0

7.5
6.9
8.3

1.9
1.6
2.4

2.1
1.8
2.5

5.4
6.0
4.6

5.4
5.1
5.8

35.1
29.3
43.8

38.5
29.2
51.4

Leather goods, n.e.c----------------

10.6

9.1

3.0

2.9

7.6

6.3

53.5

47.2

Transportation and public utilities-----

9.2

9.6

4.6

4.9

4.6

4.7

87.9

92.9

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products—
Tires and inner tubes--------------------Rubber and plastics footwear— — ---------Rubber and plastics hose and belting-----Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c--------Miscellaneous plastics products----------Leather and leather products---

Handbags and personal leather goodsWomen's handbags and purses------Personal leather goods, n.e.c-----

_

_

_

_

8.3

9.9

4.8

5.6

3.5

4.3

77.8

78.0

411
412
413
414
415

8.3
9.4
7.4
10.6
4.4
5.5

9.6
11.9
9.0
11.5
4.1
5.5

4.2
5.0
4.0
5.0
1.6
2.3

4.8
6.4
4.3
5.6
2.1
2.4

4.1
4.3
3.4
5.5
2.8
3.2

4.8
5.5
4.7
5.9
2.0
3.0

80.1
88.1
67.9
139.8
18.0
37.5

101.1
151.2
69.5
127.7
35.4
61.7

Trucking and WarehousingTrucking, local and long distancePublic warehousing----------------

421
422

14.6
14.5
14.8

14.9
15.0
13.5

7.4
7.5
6.3

7.9
8.1
5.6

7.1
7.0
8.5

7.0
6.9
7.9

143.3
145.5
116.0

155.5
160.4
90.4

Water transportationLocal water transportation------Water transportation services----

445
446

15.4
6.2
24.2

14.9
7.6
22.5

8.0
3.4
13.0

7.6
4.2
11.7

7.3
2.7
11.1

7.2
3.3
10.8

290.9
73.1
496.1

279.8
99.5
452.6

Railroad transportation 6/-----------Local and lnterurban passenger transit—
Local and suburban transportation----Taxicabs------------------------------Intercity highway transportation-----Transportation charter service-------School buses---------------------------

See footnotes, at end of table.




86

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Industry JL/

SIC
code

Total
cases 4/

2/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

14.5
15.3
8.0
10.5

13.7
14.2
8.2
11.2

7.1
7.6
2.4
4.5

7.2
7.5
3.4
5.6

7.4
7.6
5.5
5.9

6.5
6.7
4.5
5.5

82.7
86.3
65.0
57.1

87.5
90.2
48.5
80.1

Transportation by air-----------------Certificated air transportation-----Noncertificated air transportationAir transportation services----------

45
451
452
458

Pipelines, except natural gas-------

46

4.6

3.8

1.5

1.3

2.9

2.6

79.3

24.4

Transportation services------------------Freight forwarding---------------------Rental of railroad cars----------------Miscellaneous transportation services---

47
471
474
478

6.0
8.6
21.9

5.5
8.9
16.8
21.0

2.8
4.1
9.5

2.4
4.1
6.5
9.2

3.2
4.5
12.5

3.1
4.8
10.3
11.8

53.5
74.5
146.5

36.3
63.6
74.0
124.6

Communication-----------------------------Telephone communication----------------Telegraph communication----------------Radio and television broadcasting------Communication services, n.e«c-----------

48
481
482
483
489

2.9
2.6
5.4
2.2
13.2

2.6
2.4
4.5
2.2
8.6

1.5
1.5
2.3
.6
4.4

1.4
1.4
1.9
.7
3.3

1.4
1.1
3.1
1.6
8.7

1.2
1.0
2.6
1.5
5.3

31.6
34.1
57.9
7.5
51.1

28.7
31.2
42.2
9.0
37.0

Electric, gas, and sanitary services-----Electric services----------------------Gas production and distribution--------Combination utility systems------------Water supply----------------------------Sanitary services----------------------Irrigation systems----------------------

49
491
492
493
494
495
497

9.0
8.6
8.0
7.4
12.2
21.8
8.7

9.6
9.3
8.6
7.8
11.4
23.1
11.1

3.6
3.0
3.4
3.0
4.9
11.3
2.5

4.1
3.4
3.7
3.8
5.3
12.7
3.3

5.4
5.5
4.6
4.5
7.2
10.4
6.3

5.5
5.9
4.9
4.0
6.1
10.4
7.7

67.3
60.6
54.7
63.7
57.6
194.5
64.9

75.6
62.2
58.8
69.2
89.6
274.6
121.7

7.2

7.3

2.6

2.8

4.6

4.6

38.8

42.4

8.0

8.0

3.2

3.3

4.8

4.7

48.8

50.9

Wholesale and retail trade---------Wholesale tradeWholesale trade— durable goods-----------Motor vehicles and automotive equipmentLumber and construction materials------Metals and minerals, except petroleum--Electrical goods-----------------------Hardware; plumbing, and heating
equipment-----------------------------Machinery, equipment, and supplies-----Miscellaneous durable goods-------------

50
501
503
505
506

7.8
8.6
11.8
12.7
4.1

7.9
8.7
12.4
16.7
4.0

2.9
3.1
4.0
4.8
1.4

3.0
3.1
4.9
5.9
1.5

5.0
5.5
7.8
7.8
2.6

4.9
5.6
7.5
10.8
2.5

43.8
49.5
64.5
72.8
17.8

45.7
45.6
76.0
91.8
20.7

507
508
509

7.2
7.4
11.8

7.6
6.9
10.8

2.6
2.6
4.8

3.1
2.4
5.0

4.6
4.8
7.0

4.6
4.5
5.8

39.9
41.6
71.6

57.4
36.3
79.5

Wholesale trade— nondurable goods--------Paper and paper products---------------Drugs, proprietaries, and sundries-----Apparel, piece goods, and notions------Groceries and related products---------Farm-product raw materials-------------Chemicals and allied products----------Petroleum and petroleum products-------Beer, wine, and distilled beverages----Miscellaneous nondurable goods----------

51
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519

8.3
6.6
5.9
11.9
8.7
7.4
5.5
10.8
6.6

8.1
6.3
6.4
3.4
11.2
9.3
6.8
5.7
10.2
6.5

3.6
3.0
2.4
5.5
3.3
2.8
2.3
4.8
2.8

3.7
2.7
2.4
1.3
5.4
4.5
2.6
2.9
4.9
2.6

4.7
3.6
3.5
6.4
5.3
4.5
3.2
6.0
3.9

4.4
3.5
4.0
2.1
5.8
4.7
4.2
2.8
5.3
3.9

55.7
41.7
44.8
78.4
61.3
39.8
37.8
88.5
45.2

57.9
41.3
40.3
21.4
79.3
79.3
43.5
43.6
89.5
43.2

6.9

7.1

2.3

2.5

4.5

4.5

34.6

38.9

Building materials and garden supplies---Lumber and other building materials----Paint, glass, and wallpaper stores-----Hardware stores--------------------------

52
521
523
525

8.4
10.9
6.0
4.8

9.5
13.0
6.5
4.2

3.0
4.0
1.9
1.7

3.8
5.4
1.9
1.4

5.4
6.8
4.1
3.1

5.8
7.6
4.6
2.8

47.3
63.7
35.9
22.4

69.9
102.9
30.7
25.2

General merchandise stores------------Department stores--------------------Variety stores------------------------

53
531
533

7.7
8.2
7.1

8.7
9.4
7.2

2.6
2.8
2.2

3.0
3.2
2.4

5.1
5.4
4.8

5.7
6.2
4.7

37.0
38.6
38.9

42.0
45.9
29.0

Food stores-------------------------------Grocery stores--------------------------Meat markets and freezer provisioners--Dairy products stores------------------Retail bakeries--------------------------

54
541
542
545
546

10.1
10.9
6.9
7.1
2.8

10.7
11.6
5.7
7.3
2.8

3.5
3.7
2.6
2.4
1.1

4.1
4.4
2.4
2.0
1.4

6.6
7.1
4.3
4.7
1.7

6.6
7.2
3.3
5.3
1.4

51.4
54.0
41.3
31.7
33.8

63.5
67.0
56.7
35.4
38.1

Automotive dealers and service stationsNew and used-car dealers------------Auto and home supply stores---------Gasoline service stations------------

55
551
553
554

8.0
10.4
9.4
4.7

7.5
10.0
9.2
3.7

2.4
2.6
3.4
1.9

2.3
2.6
3.4
1.5

5.6
7.8
6.0
2.7

5.2
7.5
5.8
2.1

38.3
30.8
64.5
38.3

41.2
39.1
61.2
36.8

Apparel and accessory stores--Women's ready-to-wear stores—
Family clothing stores-------

56
562
565

1.9
1.8
3.5

1.7
1.8
3.0

.6
.5
1.1

.6
.6
1.2

1.3
1.3
2.4

1.1
1.2
1.8

713.4
20.0
15.0

9.7
10.4
17.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores----Furniture and home furnishings stores--Household appliance stores--------------

57
571
572

4.6
5.4
4.6

4.3
5.1
4.2

1.8
2.1
1.9

1.9
2.3
1.7

2.8
3.2
2.7

2.4
2.8
2.5

35.4
41.8
37.6

34.5
42.5
33.2

Eating and drinking places-

58

6.6

6.6

2.2

2.3

4.4

4.3

27.7

28.2

Miscellaneous retail---------------------Used merchandise stores----------------Miscellaneous shopping goods stores----Nonstore retailers---------------------Fuel and ice dealers--------------------

59
593
594
596
598

3.3
7.0
2.1
5.2
7.3

3.6
7.5
2.1
6.7
7.1

1.3
3.1
.7
2.0
3.2

1.5
2.7
.7
2.6
3.6

2.1
3.9
1.3
3.2
4.1

2.1
4.8
1.4
4.1
3.5

23.8
46.1
12.9
32.0
50.0

26.3
51.3
16.6
40.6
67.5

Retail trade--------------

See footnotes at end of table.




87

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1975 and 1976 —Continued




88

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1975 and 1976—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

SIC
code

Industry JL/

Total
cases 4/

2/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1975

Miscellaneous services---------------------Engineering and architectural services---Noncommercial research organizations------

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

2.2
2.8
3.2

89
891
892

1976

2.0
2.4
2.6

.7
.8
1.0

.7
.9
.9

1.5
2.0
2.2

1.3
1.5
1.6

8.3
11.0
11.8

9.6
13.1
13.2

1/

Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data for industries not shown separately.

2/

Standard Industrial Classification Manual SIC, 1972 Edition.

_3/ The incidence rates represent the number of injuries or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as:
(N/EH) X 200,000, where
N
- number of injuries or lost workdays
EH
- total hours worked by all employees during calendar year
200,000
- base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
4/ Includes fatalities. Because of rounding, the difference between the total and the sum of the rates for lost workday cases and
nonfatal cases without lost workdays do not reflect the fatality rate.
_5/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

6/ Data conforming to the OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14),
and for railroad transportation (SIC 40) were provided by the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration, U.S. Department of the
Interior, and by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
NOTE:

Dashes indicate no data reported, or data that do not meet publication guidelines.
n.e.c - not elsewhere classified.

SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 9. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and employment size.
United States, 1975 and 1976
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 1/

Industry division

1 to 19
employees

20 to 49
employees

50 to 99
employees

100 to 249
employees

250 to 499
employees

500 to 999
employees

1,000 to 2,499
employees

2,500 employees
or more

1975

Private sector _2/------------

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2/—
Mining---------------------------------Construction---------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------Transportation and public utilities---Wholesale and retail trade------------Wholesale trade---------------------Retail trade------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate--Services--------------------------------

1J

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

1975

1976

4.3

3.9

8.4

8.7

11.1

11.2

12.2

12.6

11.4

12.0

10.1

10.3

8.8

8.8

7.3

7.3

6.1
9.3
10.5
9.0
6.4
3.6
4.9
3.0
1.3
2.0

6.0
7.0
9.3
8.9
7.2
3.1
4.2

9.2
11.9
16.7
13.9
10.1
7.4
8.1

2 .7

7.1

1.1
1.7

1.7
3.8

9.7
11.8
17.7
14.0
10.6
7.8
8.6
7.4
1.7
3.7

11.2
14.9
19.8
16.1
11.5
9.9
10.5
9 .7

2.5
6.0

12.8
15.3
20.0
17.2
11.3
9.8
10.8
9.4
2.0
5.5

11.9
12.8
20.9
16.6
9.6
10.6
11.0
10.4
3.0
7.5

14.2
12.5
19.4
17.3
10.3
11.4
11.1
11.5
2.7
6.7

The incidence rates represent the number of injuries per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as:
N
■ number of injuries
EH
- total hours worked by all employees during calendar year
200,000
- base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

2/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

NOTE:
SOURCE:

Dashes indicate no data reported.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




89

13.8
10.0
18.7
14.2
8.8
10.9
11.4
10.7
2.7
7.4

16.3
12.3
17.8
14.5
8.9
11.2
11.8
11.0
2.7
8.2

10.5
7.4
16.3
11.8
9.4
10.7
10.9
10.6
2.5
8.1

(N/EH) X 200,000, where

15.7
8.6
18.2
11.5
9.4
10.7
10.3
10.8
2.2
8.4

28.6
5.2
13.9
9.5
8.8
10.7
7.0
11.1
2.1
7.3

21.8
4.3
14.0
9.2
8.5
11.6
7.8
12.2
2.4
8.2

_
2.3
5.2
7.7
8.9
6.8
2.1
7.1
2.0
5.6

_
.5
7.4
7.2
9.8
9.1
.4
9.3
1.7
5.6

Table 10. Number and percent of occupational injury and illness fatalities,
private sector, by industry division. United States, 1975 and 1976
(In thousands)

1975

1976

Industry
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Private sector 1/-----------

5.2

100.0

A.5

100.0

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 1/—
Mining---------------------------------Construction---------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------Transportation and public utilities---Wholesale and retail trade------------Finance, insurance, and real estate---Services--------------------------------

.2
.5

3.8
9.6
19.2
21.2
19.2
17.3
2.0
7.7

.2
.A
.8
1.1
.8
.6
(*>
.6

A.A
8.9
17.8
2A.A
17.8
13.3
(*)
13.3

1/

1.0
1.1

1.0
.9
.1
.A

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

NOTE: Asterisks are shown in the number and percent columns for estimates of fewer than 50
cases. Because of rounding, the sum of the components may not add to the totals.
SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 11. Occupational injury incidence rates for lost workday cases, private sector, by industry.
United States, 1975 and 1976
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 1/

Lost workday injuries

Industry

Total cases

1975

1976

Cases involving
days away
from work 2/

1975

Lost workdays

Cases involving
days of restricted
work activity only

1975

1976

1976

Total lost
workdays

1975

1976

Number of
days away
from work

1975

Number of days
of restricted
work activity _3/

1976

Private sector A/----------

3.2

3.4

3.1

3.2

.1

.2

5A.6

57.8

50.7

53.9

Agriculture, foresty, and fishing A/---Mining----------------------------------Construction--------- -------- ----------Manufacturing---------------------------Transportation and public utilities----Wholesale and retail trade-------------Wholesale trade-----------------------Retail trade--------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate----Services---------------------------------

A.2
5.6
5.A
A.3
A.6
2.6
3.2
2.3
.7
1.9

A.A
5.7
5.A
A.6
A.9
2.8
3.3
2.5
.7
1.9

A.l
5.A
5.3
A.O
A.2
2.5
3.1
2.3
.7
1.9

A.3
5.5
5.3
A.3
A.5
2.7
3.2
2.5
.7
1.8

.1
.2
.1
.3
.A
(*)
.1
(*>
(*>
(*>

.1
.2
.3
.3
.A
(*)
(*>
(*>
(*)
(*)

68. A
109.6
98.6
72.9
87.9
38.8
A8.8
3A.6
10.5
31.2

81.1
113.1
102.6
76.7
92.9
A2.A
50.9
38.9
11.0
31.9

6A.2
106.6
95.A
66.5
79.2
36.6
A6.1
32.6
10.0
29.6

78.3
111.1
99.0
69.9
8A.8
A0.9
A8.9
37.5
9.6
30.6

1J

The incidence rates represent the number of injuries or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as:

1975

1976

3.9

3.9

_
3.0
3.2
6.A
8.7
2.2
2.7
1.8
.5
1.5

(N/EH) X 200,000 where,

N
- number of injuries or lost workdays
EH
- total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
200,000
- base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working A0 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
2/

Also includes cases which involved both days away from work and days of restricted work activity.

_3/ The number of days of restricted work activity include those resulting from cases involving restricted work activity only and days resulting from cases
involving both days away from work and days of restricted work activity.
jA/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

NOTE:
SOURCE:

Asterisks indicate incidence rates less than .05.

Dash indicates data that do not meet publication guidelines.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




90

2.8
2.8
3.6
6.8
8.1
1.5
1.9
1. A
1. A
1.3

Appendix A. Scope of Survey
and Technical Notes

al illnesses by the number of total cases, fatalities, lost
workday cases, and nonfatal cases without lost work­
days; and the number of cases in which employees were
transferred or terminated as a result of a job-related in­
jury or illness.

Scope of survey

The occupational injury and illness data reported
through the annual survey were based on the records
which employers in the following private industries
maintain under the Occupational Safety and Health Act:
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, SIC 01-09; oil and
gas extraction, SIC 13; construction, SIC 15-17; manu­
facturing, SIC 20-39; transportation and public utilities,
SIC 41-49; wholesale and retail trade, SIC 50-59; fi­
nance, insurance, and real estate, SIC 60-67; and serv­
ices, SIC 70-89, except SIC 88. Excluded from the sur­
vey were self-employed individuals; farmers with few­
er than 11 employees; employers regulated by other
Federal safety and health laws; and Federal, State, and
local government agencies.
Data conforming to definitions of recordable occu­
pational injuries and illnesses for coal, metal, and nonmetal mining, and railroad transportation were provid­
ed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S.
Department of Labor, and the Federal -Railroad Ad­
ministration, U.S. Department of Transportation. In a
separate reporting system agencies of the Federal Gov­
ernment are filing reports on occupational injuries and
illnesses with the Secretary of Labor comparable with
those of private industry. At this time, State and local
government agencies are not represented in the nation­
al sample.
About 251,000 national sample units were selected
nationwide to participate in the 1976 survey; of these,
about 43,000 were ineligible to be included in the final
response count. Replies were received from approxi­
mately 92 percent of the 208,000 eligible sample unitsor about 192,000. The 1976 estimates were based on re­
ports from about 69,000 establishments in manufactur­
ing industries and 123,000 in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Sample design

The sample was selected to represent private indus­
tries in the States and territories. The survey results
were used to produce estimates of the number of oc­
currences and incidence rates of occupational injuries
and illnesses by industry and employment size for the
Nation as a whole.
The universe frame was stratified by industry and by
employment-size group. Because the survey is a FederaLState cooperative program and the data had to meet
the needs of participating State agencies, the universe
was then stratified by State prior to sample selection.
An optimum allocation was achieved by distributing
the sample to each size group proportionate to the to­
tal employment and the variation among size groups.
The sampling ratios for the various employment-size
groups ranged from all units above a certain size class
selected with certainty through declining proportions
in each smaller employment-size group. The certainty
strata were usually greater than 100 employees, al­
though these may have ranged downward in employ­
ment size depending upon the total employment in the
industry. Sample sizes were then adjusted to produce
integral sample ratios. The ratios determined for each
industry-employment-size group were used to select a
sample within a State-industry-employment-size group
estimating cell. A segment of each State sample was
selected for generating national estimates. States may
choose to expand the sample to concentrate on a par­
ticular industry.
Estimating procedures

Survey questionnaire

The 1976 survey questionnaire requested information
concerning average employment during the calendar
year; total employee hours worked; type of business ac­
tivity; the first month of an OSHA compliance inspec­
tion; the types of medical examinations provided for
employees; the types of safety and health training pro­
grams in the establishment; the number of lost work­
day cases which involved 15 or more workdays away
from work; injuries and seven categories of occupation­



Weighting. Weights were determined by the inverse
of the sampling ratios for the size class from which the
unit was selected. Using a weighting procedure, sam­
ple units were made to represent all units in their size
class for a particular industry. Each sample member is
assigned a State weight and, if it was to be used to pro­
duce national estimates, a national weight as well. The
national and State weights were often different since
the sample unit may have represented a different pro­
91

portion of the universe in each case. Weights of re­
sponding units were adjusted in each sampling cell to
account for the nonresponse in that cell. Units were
then shifted into the estimating cell determined by in­
dustry classification and reported employment. Each
unit carried into the estimating cell the weight of its
sampling cell, which was adjusted for nonresponse. Data
for each unit were multiplied by the appropriate non­
response adjusted weight. The products were then ag­
gregated to obtain totals for the estimating cell.
Benchmarking. Data were further adjusted to reflect
the actual employment in an industry during the sur­
vey year. Since the universe file, which provides the
sample frame was not current to the reference year of
the survey, it was necessary to benchmark the data to
reflect current employment levels.
The benchmarking procedure related the employ­
ment estimate used in sampling to the actual employ­
ment for the reference year of the survey. The ratio of
the actual employment to the weighted employment es­
timate is called the benchmark factor. The aggregated
weighted-nonresponse adjusted characteristics of the
estimating cell were multiplied by the benchmark fac­
tor so that the cell became more representative of the
universe during the survey reference year.

The original tabulations on which data of the num­
ber of recorded fatalities and nonfatal injuries and ill­
nesses were based showed all estimates to the nearest
whole unit. Estimates of the numbers of injuries and
illnesses were rounded to the nearest thousand. De­
rived percents were computed after the estimates were
rounded.

are minimized through comprehensive edit procedures
and follow-up contacts with employers.
The relative error is a measure of sampling variabil­
ity-variations which occur by chance because only a
sample of the establishments are in the survey. In con­
junction with the estimates, the relative standard error
serves to define the confidence intervals or ranges that
would include the comparable complete coverage val­
ue. The chances are about 2 out of 3 that the estimate
would have been produced in the range of 1 standard
error above to 1 standard error below the estimated
value, and about 19 out of 20 that the estimates would
have been in the range of 2 standard errors above and
below the estimated value.
Because of the complex two-stage ratio estimation
procedure, most relative errors were computed using a
simplified form of the variance-estimation formulas. The
more complex variance formulas were used for a few
of the items, resulting in some higher estimates and
some lower estimates of relative errors. The relative
errors approximate the sampling errors of the incidence
rates.
As an example of the use of the relative errors, gen­
eral building construction (SIC 15) has an estimated in­
cidence rate for total cases of 14.5 per 100 full-time
workers and a relative error of 4 percent. The chances
are 2 out of 3 that a complete census would produce a
rate between 15.1 and 13.9, and the chances are 19 out
of 20 that the rate produced from a complete count
would be between 15.7 and 13.3. For the number of
job-related injuries and illnesses resulting in lost work­
days, the published rate is 5.2 per 100 full-time work­
ers with a 5-percent relative error. The chances are 2
out of 3 that a census would show a rate between 5.5
and 4.9 and 19 out of 20 that the rate could be between
5.7 and 4.7. Similarly, the number of occupational in­
juries and illnesses estimated for SIC 15 was 119,600
with a relative error of 4 percent. Thus, the chances
are 2 out 3 that a census would show a number between
approximately 124,400 and 114,800 and 19 out of 20
that the number would be within a range of approxi­
mately 129,000 and 110,000.

Industrial classification

Publication guidelines

Reporting units were classified into industries by their
principal product or activity. The data were tabulated
according to the 1972 edition of the Standard Industri­
al Classification Manual (SIC).

The BLS tabulating system generates occupational
injury and illness estimates for approximately 800 SIC
industry levels. This bulletin, however, excludes esti­
mates for several 2-, 3-, and 4-digit levels, if one of the
following situations occurred:
1.
Estimates for the industry level were based on re­
ports from fewer than three companies. Moreover, if
three or more companies reported data for the indus­
try, the employment of one firm could not constitute
50 percent or more of the employment for the indus­
try, or two companies combined could not equal or ex­
ceed 75 percent of the industry employment.

Federal-State cooperation

Under grant arrangements with State agencies, re­
spondents completed a single reporting form which was
used to generate both national and State estimates. This
eliminated duplicate reporting and, together with the
use of identical techniques at the national and State lev­
els, ensured maximum comparability of estimates.
Rounding of published estimates

Reliability of estimates

Estimates based on a sample may differ from figures
that would have been obtained had a complete census
of establishments been possible using the same sched­
ules or procedures. As in any survey, the results are
subject to errors of response and reporting, as well as
sampling variability. Errors of response and reporting



92

2. 1976 annual average employment for the industry
was less than 10,000. However, industries with annual
average employment of less than 10,000 were published
if the majority of the employment for an industry was
reported in the survey.
3. Relative standard error for lost workday cases at
1 standard deviation was more than 15 percent for the
industry level in manufacturing and 20 percent in
nonmanufacturing.




4.
Benchmark factor or the industry level was less
than 0.90 or greater than 1.49.
Data for an unpublished industry were included in
the total shown for the broader industry level of which
it is a part. In addition to deleting industries, selected
items of data were suppressed for publishable industries
when the relative standard error for the estimate was
equal to or exceeded 60 percent.

93

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States, 1976
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code'

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Injuries

Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
w orkdays

Private s e c to r ....................................................

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing ...............................

2

3

3

7

2

3

3

7

A gricultural p ro d u c tio n .........................................

01 -02

3

3

3

6

3

3

3

6

A gricultural s e rv ic e s ............................................
Crop s e rv ic e s ................................................
Landscape and horticultural s e rv ic e s ........

07
072
078

5
7
7

7
10
9

7
8
9

14
13
13

5
8
7

7
10
10

7
8
9

14
13
13

F o restry....................................................................
Forestry s e rv ic e s ..........................................

08
085

7
10

10
13

8
10

17
16

7
10

10
13

8
9

17
17

Fishing, hunting, and tra p p in g .............................

09

20

18

30

43

17

18

25

43

13
131
138

4
11
4

5
13
5

5
13
6

6
17
6

4
11
4

5
12
5

5
13
6

6
18
6

5

6

6

9

2

2

2

4

General building co n tra cto rs...............................
Residential building con struction...............
Operative b u ild e rs ........................................
Nonresidential building c o n s tru c tio n ........

15
152
153
154

4
9
11
4

5
10
14
6

5
11
12
5

10
19
18
9

4
9
11
4

6
11
14
6

5
11
13
5

10
19
18
9

Heavy construction c o n tra c to rs .........................
Highway and street c o n s tru c tio n ...............
Heavy construction, except h ig h w a y .......

16
161
162

3
4
4

3
5
4

3
4
4

6
10
7

3
4
4

3
5
4

3
4
4

6
10
7

Special trade c o n tra c to rs ...................................
Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning . . .
Painting, paperhanging, and decorating . . .
E lectrical w o r k ..............................................
Masonry, stonework, and p la s te rin g .........
Carpentering and flooring ...........................
Roofing and sheet-m etal w o r k ...................
Concrete w o r k ..............................................
W ater w ell d r illin g .........................................

17
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178

2
5
7
4
5
9
4
7
9

2
6
8
5
6
11
5
9
11

3
7
8
5
5
11
5
9
12

4
10
15
10
10
23
8
17
19

2
6
7
4
5
9
4
7
9

2
6
8
6
6
11
5
9
11

3
8
8
5
5
11
5
9
12

4
11
15
10
10
24
8
17
19

(*)

n

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

n

1

n

(*)

1

(*)

O

(*)

1

2

1

3

1

1

3

Mining .............................................................................
Oil and gas e xtraction s........................................
Crude petroleum and natural g a s ...............
Oil and gas field s e r v ic e s ...........................
C o n s tru c tio n ..................................................................

Manufacturing ................................................................
Durable goods
Lumber and w ood p ro d u c ts .................................

24

1

2

Logging camps and logging c o n tra c to rs ..

241

5

7

6

11

5

7

7

11

Sawmills and planing m ills ...........................
Sawmills and planing mills, g e n e ra l...
Hardwood dimension and flooring . . . .
Special product sawmills, n.e.c..........

242
2421
2426
2429

2
2
3
8

3
3
5
10

3
3
4
9

4
5
8
12

2
2
3
8

3
3
5
10

3
3
4
9

4
5
8
12

M illw ork, plyw ood, and structural members
M illw o rk ....................................................
Wood kitchen c a b in e ts .........................
Hardwood veneer and p ly w o o d .........
S oftw ood veneer and p ly w o o d ...........

243
2431
2434
2435
2436

2
3
4
4
5

3
6
6
6
6

2
3
5
4
6

4
7
12
6
6

2
3
4
4
5

3
6
6
6
6

2
3
5
4
6

4
7
12
6
6

W ood c o n ta in e rs ..........................................
Nailed w ood boxes and s h o o k ...........
W ood pallets and s k id s .......................
W ood containers, n.e.c.........................

244
2441
2448
2449

4
9
8
5

5
11
8
5

5
10
9
6

8
9
12
18

4
8
8
5

5
11
8
5

5
10
9
6

8
9
12
18

W ood buildings and m obile ho m e s ...........
M obile h o m e s .........................................
Prefabricated w ood b u ild in g s .............

245
2451
2452

2
2
4

2
2
5

2
3
4

3
3
6

2
2
4

2
2
5

2
3
4

3
3
7

M iscellaneous w ood p ro d u c ts ...................
W ood p re s e rv in g ...................................
W ood products, n.e.c............................

249
2491
2499

3
5
4

5
8
5

3
5
4

7
10
9

3
5
4

5
8
6

3
6
4

7
10
9

25

1

2

1

3

1

2

1

3

251
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

2
3
3
4
3
2
8

2
4
4
4
4
1
10

2
3
4
5
4
3
9

4
5
10
6
13
1
16

2
4
4
4
4
2
10

2
3
4
5
4
3
9

4
5
10
7
14
1
16

Furniture and fix tu re s............................................
Household fu rn itu re .......................................
W ood household fu rn itu re ...................
Upholstered household fu rn itu re ........
Metal household furniture.....................
Mattresses and b e d s p rin g s .................
W ood TV and radio cab in ets...............
Household furniture, n.e.c.....................
See footnotes at end of table.

^




94

2
3
3 .
4
3
2
8

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States, 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code'

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Injuries
Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
workdays

O ffice furniture........................................................
W ood office furniture....................................
Metal office fu rn itu re ....................................

252
2521
2522

3
3
3

3
4
4

3
4
4

4
9
3

3
3
3

3
4
4

3
4
4

4
9
3

Public building and related furniture.................

253

3

3

3

4

3

3

3

4

Partitions and fix tu re s ..........................................
W ood partitions and fix tu re s .......................
Metal partitions and fix tu r e s .......................

254
2541
2542

2
4
3

3
5
4

3
5
3

5
9
3

2
4
3

3
5
3

3
5
3

5
9
4

M iscellaneous furniture and fix tu re s .................
Drapery hardware and blinds and shades .
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c..........................

259
2591
2599

5
7
8

5
7
8

6
8
9

12
23
11

5
7
8

5
7
8

6
7
9

13
24
11

Stone, clay, and glass p ro d u cts .................................

32

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

Flat g la s s ................................................................

321

4

5

4

6

4

5

4

6

Glass and glassware, pressed or b lo w n .........
Glass containers............................................
Pressed and blow n glass, n.e.c...................

322
3221
3229

1
1
4

1
1
3

2
1
5

1
1
4

2
1
4

1
2
3

2
1
5

1
1
4

Products of purchased g la ss...............................
Cement, hydraulic..................................................

323
324

5
6

8
11

5
7

6
17

4
6

8
11

4
7

6
18

Structural clay p ro d u c ts ......................................
B rick and structural clay t ile .......................
Ceramic wall and flo o r tile ...........................
Clay re fra cto rie s............................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c....................

325
3251
3253
3255
3259

2
3
5
4
4

3
4
9
7
4

2
3
5
6
6

4
5
8
10
5

2
3
5
4
4

3
4
10
7
4

2
3
5
6
6

4
5
8
10
5

Pottery and related p r o d u c ts .............................
Vitreous plumbing fix tu re s ...........................
Vitreous china food u te n s ils .......................
Fine earthenware food utensils...................
Porcelain e le ctrical s u p p lie s .....................
Pottery products, n.e.c..................................

326
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

2
2
2
1
5
5

2
2
1
7
8
7

3
3
4
7
7
6

5
5
1
15
20
10

2
2
2
1
5
5

3
2
1
7
9
7

3
3
3
7
7
6

5
5
2
16
20
10

C oncrete, gypsum, and plaster p ro d u c ts .........
Concrete b lo ck and b r ic k ...........................
Concrete products, n.e.c..............................
Ready-mixed c o n c re te .................................
Gypsum p ro d u c ts ..........................................

327
3271
3272
3273
3275

3
5
6
3
2

4
7
9
5
3

3
7
6
4
2

5
14
10
8
3

3
5
6
4
2

4
7
9
5
3

3
7
6
4
2

5
15
10
8
3

Cut stone and stone p roducts.............................

328

11

12

15

15

11

12

15

15

M iscellaneous nonm etallic mineral
p r o d u c ts ................................................................
Abrasive p r o d u c ts ........................................
Asbestos p ro d u c ts .........................................
Gaskets, packing and sealing d e v ic e s .. . .
Minerals, ground or tre a te d .........................
Mineral w o o l ..................................................
Nonclay re fra c to rie s .....................................
Nonm etallic mineral products, n.e.c...........

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297
3299

2
2
4
4
6
7
5
10

3
4
5
4
8
9
9
14

2
3
5
5
7
10
6
10

3
4
4
5
11
10
9
19

2
3
4
4
6
7
5
10

3
4
5
4
8
9
9
15

2
3
5
5
7
10
6
9

3
4
4
6
11
10
9
19

33

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Blast furnace and basic steel p ro d u c ts ...........
Blast furnaces and steel m ills .....................
E lectrom etallurgical products.....................
Steel wire and related p ro d u cts.................
C old finishing of steel shapes.....................
Steel pipe and tu b e s .....................................

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

2
2
3
4
4
4

2
3
3
4
5
5

2
2
4
5
5
4

3
3
4
5
7
6

2
2
3
4
4
4

2
3
3
4
5
5

2
2
4
5
5
4

3
3
4
5
7
6

Iron and steel fo u n d rie s .......................................
Gray iron fo u n d rie s .......................................
Steel investment foundries...........................
Steel foundries, n.e.c.....................................

332
3321
3324
3325

2
3
3
1

2
3
2
2

2
3
3
2

2
3
4
2

2
3
3
1

2
3
2
3

2
3
3
2

2
3
4
2

Primary nonferrous m e ta ls ...................................
Primary c o p p e r..............................................
Primary le a d ....................................................
Primary z in c ....................................................
Primary alum inum ...........................................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c.................

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

3
2

3
2
(*)
(*)
1
15

3
3
(*)

3
3

3
2

n

2
3
(*)

d

n

3
3
(*)

1

1

1

13

11

15

Primary metal in d u s trie s ..............................................

n
n
1
11

1

1

11

16

2
2
(*)
(*)
1
10

n

n
d

n

Secondary nonferrous m e ta ls .............................

334

3

4

4

6

3

4

4

6

Nonferrous rolling and draw ing...........................
C opper rolling and d raw ing.........................
Aluminum sheet, plate, and f o il...................
Aluminum extruded p ro d u c ts.......................
Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c........
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating . . .

335
3351
3353
3354
3356
3357

2
5
5
3
4
2

2
5
8
4
4
3

2
5
7
4
5
3

2
3
7
5
5
4

2
5
5
3
4
2

2
5
8
4
4
3

2
5
6
4
5
3

2
3
7
5
5
4


See footnotes at
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ end of table.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

95

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States, 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries
Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
w orkdays

Nonferrous fo u n d rie s............................................
Aluminum fo u n d rie s ......................................
Brass, bronze, and cop per foundries.........
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c..........................

336
3361
3362
3369

2
2
3
3

2
2
4
4

2
3
4
4

3
5
7
7

2
2
3
3

2
2
4
4

2
3
4
4

3
5
7
7

M iscellaneous primary metal p ro d u c ts.............
Metal heat tre a tin g ........................................
Primary metal products, n.e.c......................

339
3398
3399

3
3
7

4
5
7

5
4
9

4
6
3

4
3
7

4
5
7

5
4
10

4
6
3

Fabricated metal p ro d u c ts ..........................................

34

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Metal cans and shipping c o n ta in e rs .................
Metal c a n s ......................................................
Metal barrels, drums, and p a ils ...................

341
3411
3412

2
2
4

2
2
5

2
2
5

3
3
8

2
2
4

2
2
5

2
3
5

2
2
8

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardw are.....................
C u tle ry ..............................................................
Hand and edge tools, n.e.c..........................
Hand saws and saw b la d e s .........................
Hardware, n.e.c...............................................

342
3421
3423
3425
3429

2
3
3
6
3

3
5
3
5
4

2
3
3
8
3

3
6
5
8
5

2
3
3
7
3

3
6
3
6
4

2
3
3
8
4

3
7
5
9
5

Plumbing and heating, except e le c tric .............
Metal sanitary w a r e ......................................
Plumbing fittings and brass g o o d s .............
Heating equipment, except e le c t r ic .........

343
3431
3432
3433

2
4
3
3

3
6
3
4

2
5
3
4

3
5
4
4

2
4
3
3

3
6
3
4

3
5
3
4

2
5
3
4

Fabricated structural metal p r o d u c ts ...............
Fabricated structural m e ta l.........................
Metal doors, sash, and tr im .........................
Fabricated plate w o rk ..................................
Sheet-metal w o rk ..........................................
Architectural metal w o r k .............................
Prefabricated metal b u ild in g s .....................

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448

1
2
3
2
3
4
4

1
3
4
3
3
6
4

1
3
3
3
4
6
5

2
3
7
4
6
11
8

1
2
3
2
3
4
4

1
3
4
3
3
6
4

1
3
3
3
4
6
5

2
3
7
4
6
11
8

Screw machine products, bolts, e tc ..................
Screw machine p ro d u c ts .............................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and w a s h e rs .................

345
3451
3452

2
3
2

2
4
2

2
4
3

3
5
4

2
3
2

2
4
2

2
4
3

3
6
4

Metal forgings and stam pings.............................
Iron and steel fo r g in g s .................................
Automotive stam pings...................................
Crowns and c lo s u re s .....................................
Metal stampings, n.e.c...................................

346
3462
3465
3466
3469

2
2
5
11
3

2
2
5
9
4

2
2
6
14
3

2
2
5
4
4

2
2
5
11
3

2
2
5
9
4

2
2
6
13
3

2
2
5
4
4

Metal services, n.e.c.............................................
Plating and p o lis h in g ....................................
Metal coating and allied s e rv ic e s .............

347
3471
3479

3
3
4

3
4
5

3
4
4

5
7
5

3
3
4

3
4
5

3
4
4

5
7
5

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c.......................
Small arms am m unition.................................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c......................................................
Small a rm s ......................................................

348
3482

3
4

4
5

3
5

3
8

3
4

4
5

3
5

3
8

3483
3484

5
1

6
1

5
2

5
2

5
1

7
1

5
2

5
3

Miscellaneous fabricated metal p ro d u c ts .......
Valves and pipe f ittin g s ...............................
Wire sprin gs....................................................
M iscellaneous fabricated wire products ..
Metal foil and leaf..........................................
Fabricated pipe and fittin g s .........................
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c................

349
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

1
3
5
2
3
3
4

2
3
6
3
5
3
5

2
3
6
3
3
3
5

3
4
5
4
2
8
9

1
3
5
2
3
3
4

2
3
6
3
6
3
5

2
3
6
3
3
3
5

3
4
5
4
2
8
9

Machinery, except e le c tric a l......................................

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Engines and tu rb in e s ............................................
Turbines and turbine generator s e ts .........
Internal com bustion engines, n.e.c.............

35
351
3511
3519

5
10
5

6
10
8

6
12
6

9
22
9

5
10
5

7
10
9

5
11
6

9
23
9

Farm and garden m achinery.................................
Farm machinery and e q u ip m e n t.................
Lawn and garden e q u ip m e n t.......................

352
3523
3524

2
3
3

3
3
5

3
3
3

5
6
8

2
3
3

3
3
6

3
3
3

5
6
11

Construction and related m a chinery.................
Construction m a c h in e ry ...............................
Mining m a c h in e ry ..........................................
Oil field m achinery.........................................
Elevators and moving sta irw a ys.................
Conveyors and conveying equipm ent.......
Hoists, cranes, and m o nora ils.....................
Industrial trucks and tr a c to r s .....................

353
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537

1
2
3
3
7
7
4
3

1
2
3
3
7
8
6
4

2
2
4
4
7
8
4
4

2
1
5
4
11
14
7
8

1
2
3
3
7
7
4
3

1
2
3
3
7
8
7
5

2
2
3
4
8
8
4
4

2
1
5
4
11
15
8
8

See footnotes at end of table.




96

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
w orkdays

Metalworking m achinery.......................................
Machine tools, metal cutting ty p e s ...........
Machine tools, metal forming ty p e s ...........
Special dies, tools, jigs, and fix tu re s .......
Machine tool a c c e s s o rie s ...........................
Power driven hand to o ls ...............................
Rolling mill m achinery...................................
Metalworking machinery, n.e.c....................

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547
3549

2
4
4
4
3
5
7
5

2
4
9
5
4
8
7
5

2
4
4
4
3
6
10
6

4
6
7
8
9
8
8
7

2
4
4
4
3
5
7
5

3
4
9
5
4
8
7
5

2
4
4
4
4
6
10
6

4
6
7
8
9
8
8
7

Special industry m a c h in e ry.................................
Food products machinery ...........................
Textile m achinery..........................................
W oodworking m a c h in e ry .............................
Paper industries m a c h in e ry.........................
Printing trades machinery.............................
Special industry machinery, n.e.c...............

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

2
6
5
2
3
8
3

3
9
6
2
3
11
4

2
6
6
2
4
8
4

3
11
4
5
5
12
4

2
6
5
1
3
8
3

3
8
6
2
3
11
4

2
6
6
2
4
8
4

3
11
4
5
5
12
4

General industrial m achinery...............................
Pumps and pumping e q u ip m e n t.................
Ball and ro lle r bearings.................................
Air and gas c o m p re s s o rs.............................
Blowers and fa n s ..........................................
Speed changers, drives, and g e a rs...........
Industrial furnaces and o v e n s .....................
Power transmission equipment, n.e.c.........
General industrial machinery, n.e.c............

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3566
3567
3568
3569

1
4
5
3
4
5
3
4
4

2
5
6
5
4
5
4
5
4

2
5
4
3
5
10
10
3
6

2
4
5
3
4
5
3
5
4

2
3
4
3
5
5
5
5
5

2
5
6
5
4
5
4
5
4

Office and com puting m a chines.........................
T y p e w rite rs ....................................................
Electronic com puting eq u ip m e n t...............
Office machines, n.e.c...................................

357
3572
3573
3579

3
3
4
4

2
3
4
3
5
5
5
5
5
4
3
5
7

4
3
5
5

4
3
5
5

3
3
4
4

4
3
5
7

4
3
5
5

2
5
4
3
5
10
10
3
6
4
2
5
5

Refrigeration and service machinery.................
Automatic merchandising machines .........
Commercial laundry e q u ip m e n t.................
Refrigeration and heating equipment .......
Measuring and dispensing p u m p s .............
Service industry machinery, n.e.c...............

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

2
4
8
2
4
4

3
7
9
3
4
5

2
5
8
2
5
5

4
7
9
5
6
12

2
4
8
2
4
4

3
7
9
4
5
5

2
6
9
2
5
5

4
7
9
6
6
12

Miscellaneous machinery, except
e le c tric a l................................................................
Carburetors, pistons, rings, v a lv e s ...........
Machinery, except e le ctrica l, n.e.c............

359
3592
3599

3
3
3

4
3
5

3
4
4

5
5
5

3
3
3

4
3
5

3
4
4

5
6
5

1
4
5
5

4
5
6

36

1

1

1

1

1

1

E lectric distributing equipm ent...........................
T ra n sfo rm e rs..................................................
S w itchgear and sw itchboard a p p a ra tu s ...

361
3612
3613

3
4
4

4
6
5

4
5
5

4
5
6

3
4
5

4
6
5

E lectrical industrial a p p a ra tu s ...........................
M otors and g e n e ra to rs .................................
Industrial c o n tro ls ..........................................
Welding apparatus, e le c tric .......................
Carbon and graphite p r o d u c ts ...................

362
3621
3622
3623
3624

Household ap pliance s...........................................
Household cooking equipm ent...................
Household refrigerators and fre e z e rs .......
E lectric housewares and fan s.....................
Household vacuum c le a n e rs .......................
Sewing m a ch in e s..........................................
Household appliances, n.e.c........................

E lectric and electronic equipm ent.............................

1

2

3

3

3

2

3

4

5

4

5

4

5

5
5
3

4
6
3

6
6
4

5
7
5

5
5
3

5
6
3

3
4
5
6
4

3
5
5
7
5

363
3631
3632
3634
3635
3636
3639

3
4
7
5
8
2
6

3
7
10
4
8
4
7

3
4
7
6
9
1
8

3
7
7
5
6
2
10

3
4
7
5
9
2
6

4
7
11
4
9
4
8

3
4
7
6
10
2
8

3
7
6
5
6
1
10

E lectric lighting and wiring equipm ent.............
E lectric la m p s ................................................
Current-carrying wiring de v ic e s.................
N oncurrent-carrying wiring d e v ic e s .........
Residential lighting fix tu re s .........................
Commercial lighting fix tu re s .......................
Vehicular lighting equipm ent.......................
Lighting equipment, n.e.c..............................

364
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648

2
6
4
1
3
6
3
7

2
9
5
2
4
6
6
10

2
7
4
2
3
8
4
9

4
26
8
3
5
7
5
16

2
6
4
2
3
7
3
7

2
10
5
2
4
6
6
10

2
7
4
2
3
8
4
10

4
28
8
3
5
7
5
17

Radio and TV receiving eq u ip m e n t...................
Radio and TV receiving s e ts .......................
Phonograph re cords.......................................

365
3651
3652

3
4
7

5
6
8

6
4
7

4
7
13

3
4
7

5
6
8

4
4
7

6
7
13

Communication equipm ent...................................
Telephone and telegraph a p p a ra tu s.........
Radio and TV com munication e q uipm e nt..

366
3661
3662

3
2
5

3
2
4

4
3
6

3
1
6

3
3
5

3
3
4

4
4
6

4
2
6

See footnotes at end of table.




97

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

E lectronic com ponents and a c c e s s o rie s ..........
Electron tubes, receiving t y p e ...................
Electron tubes, tra nsm ittin g.........................
Sem iconductors and related d e v ic e s ........
E lectronic c a p a c ito rs ...................................
Electronic re s is to rs .......................................
E lectronic c o ils and tra n s fo rm e rs .............
E lectronic c o n n e c to rs ...................................
E lectronic components, n.e.c......................
Miscellaneous ele c tric a l equipment and
sup p lie s ..................................................................
Storage b a tte rie s ...........................................
Primary batteries, dry and w e t ...................
X-ray apparatus and tu b e s ...........................
Engine ele c tric a l e q u ip m e n t.......................
E lectrical equipment and
supplies, n.e.c...............................................

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries
Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
w orkdays

367
3671
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679

3
2
4
6
3
3
5
2
4

3
3
6
5
2
5
6
(*)
6

3
3
6
7
4
3
6
3
4

2
2
6
4
5
6
6
(*)
5

3
2
3
7
2
3
6
2
4

3
3
6
5
3
5
7
n
6

4
3
6
9
3
4
6
4
4

3
2
6
4
4
6
6
(*)
5

369
3691
3692
3693
3694

2
5
7
7
4

3
5
13
6
4

3
6
8
10
4

4
6
10
12
6

2
4
7
7
4

3
4
13
7
4

3
5
8
10
4

4
6
10
13
7
7

3699

5

6

6

7

5

6

6

37

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

M otor vehicles and e q u ip m e n t...........................
M otor vehicles and car b o d ie s ...................
Truck and bus b o d ie s ...................................
M otor vehicle parts and a c c e s s o rie s ........
Truck tra ile rs ..................................................

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

2
3
3
3
4

2
3
3
4
5

2
4
3
3
5

2
3
4
4
8

2
3
3
3
4

2
3
3
4
5

2
4
3
3
5

2
4
4
4
8

Aircraft and p a r ts ..................................................
A irc ra ft..............................................................
Aircraft engines and engine p a r ts .............
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c...............................

372
3721
3724
3728

3
6
3
3

3
7
4
4

4
7
5
4

4
8
5
6

3
6
3
3

3
6
4
4

4
7
5
4

4
8
5
6

Ship and boat building and repairing ...............
Ship building and re p a irin g .........................
Boat building and re p a irin g .........................

373
3731
3732

1
2
3

2
2
4

2
2
4

2
2
5

2
2
3

2
2
4

2
2
4

2
2
5

Railroad e q u ip m e n t..............................................
M otorcycles, bicyles, and p a rts .........................

374
375

2
4

3
5

3
4

3
4

3
6

3
4

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts . . .
Guided m issiles and space veh icle s..........
Space vehicle equipment, n.e.c..................

376
3761
3769

2
3
3

3
4
2

3
4
3

2
3
2
2
4

2
3
3

3
4
5

3
4
4

2
3
2
2
4

M iscellaneous transportation e q uipm e nt.........
Travel trailers and cam pers.........................
Tanks and tank c o m p o n e n ts .......................
Transportation equipment, n.e.c..................

379
3792
3795
3799
38

4
4
(*)
6
1
4

4
5
n
7
2

5
5
(*)
9
2

3

4
4
(*)
6
1

4
5
(*)
6
2

5
5
n
9
2

4
5
(*)
8
3

4

5

5

4

5

6

5

3
7
2
3
2
9

2
4
3
3
4
3

2
5
4
3
2
6

2
5
4
3
5
3

3
7
2
3
2
9

Transportation equipm ent.............................................

Instruments and related p roducts...............................

4
4
(*)
8

Engineering and scientific instrum ents.............

381

Measuring and controlling d e v ic e s ...................
Environmental c o n tro ls .................................
Process control instrum en ts.......................
Fluid meters and counting d e v ic e s ............
Instruments to measure e le c t r ic ity ............
Measuring and controlling devices, n.e.c..

382
3822
3823
3824
3825
3829

2
4
3
3
3
3

2
5
4
3
2
6

O ptical instruments and lenses...........................

383

6

5

2
5
4
3
5
3
7

7

6

5

7

8

Medical instruments and s u p p lie s .....................
Surgical and medical in s tru m e n ts.............
Surgical appliances and s u p p lie s .............
Dental equipment and s u p plies...................

384
3841
3842
3843

3
5
4
4

4
8
5
5

3
5
5
5

10
23
5
12

3
5
4
5

4
8
5
5

3
5
5
5

10
25
5
13

Ophthalmic g o o d s ................................................
Photographic equipment and s u p p lie s .............
W atches, clocks, and w atchcases.....................

385
386
387

4
4
8

4
5
8

5
4
10

12
4
10

4
4
8

5
5
7

6
4
10

14
5
11

M iscellaneous manufacturing industries...................

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

4

4
6
5
10

5
9
6
13

5
6
8
13

6
9
8
24

4
7
6
11

5
10
6
13

5
' 7
9
14

6
9
9
24

393

5

5

5

6

7

3
6
3

6
4
8
4

7

394
3944
3949

3
6
4

3
5
5

3
6
4

4
7
5

4
6
4

6
4
5
6

39

Jew elry, silverware, and plated w a re ...............
Jewelry, precious m e ta l...............................
Silverw are and plated w a re .........................
Jew ele rs’ materials and lapidary w o r k .. . .

391
3911
3914
3915

Musical instrum ents...............................................
Toys and sporting g o o d s .....................................
Games, toys, and children's v e h ic le s ........
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c..............

See footnotes at end of table.




98

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Injuries

SIC
code'

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Pens, pencils, office and art s u p p lie s ...............
Pens and mechanical p e n c ils .....................
Lead pencils and art g o o d s .........................
Marking d e v ic e s .............................................

395
3951
3952
3953

4
6
6
11

6
9
4
10

5
6
9
13

7
7
10
12

5
6
6
11

6
9
4
11

5
7
9
13

7
7
10
12

Costume jew elry and n o tio n s .............................
Costume je w e lry .............................................
B u tto n s ............................................................
Needles, pins, and fa ste n e rs.......................

396
3961
3963
3964

5
4
8
9

6
6
14
8

5
5
10
10

17
8
15
37

5
4
8
10

6
7
14
8

5
5
10
11

18
8
15
40

Miscellaneous m anufactures...............................
Brooms and b ru s h e s .....................................
Signs and advertising d is p la y s ...................
Burial c a s k e ts ................................................
Hard surface floor c o v e rin g s.......................
Manufacturing industries, n.e.c....................

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

3
5
8
4
1
5

5
5
14
5
n
6

4
6
8
4
2
6

9
7
22
5
1
8

3
5
7
4
2
5

5
5
13
5
(*)
6

4
6
8
5
2
6

9
8
22
5
1
8

Industry

Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Nondurable goods
20

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Meat p ro d u c ts ........................................................
Meatpacking p la n ts .......................................
Sausages and other prepared m e a ts ........
Poultry dressing p la n ts .................................
Poultry and egg processing .......................

201
2011
2013
2016
2017

1
2
3
2
2

1
2
3
3
3

1
2
3
2
2

2
3
3
3
9

2
2
3
2
2

2
2
3
3
3

2
2
3
2
2

3
3
3
3
10

Dairy p ro d u c ts ........................................................
Cheese, natural and p ro c e s s e d .................
Ice cream and frozen d e s s e rts ...................
Fluid m i l k ........................................................

202
2022
2024
2026

2
6
5
3

3
8
6
3

3
6
6
3

4
17
8
5

2
6
5
3

3
8
6
3

3
6
6
3

4
18
8
5

Preserved fruits and veg etab le s.........................
Canned s p e c ia ltie s .......................................
Canned fruits and v e g e ta b le s .....................
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, s o u p s ........
Pickles, sauces, and salad dre s s in g s ........
Frozen fruits and ve g e ta b le s .......................
Frozen s p e c ia ltie s .........................................

2
5
3
5
5
3
2

2
7
3
6
6
3
4

2
5
4
7
6
3
2

2
6
4
6
11
3
6

2
6
3
5
5
3
2

2
7
3
6
6
3
4

2
5
4
7
6
3
2

2
6
4
6
12
3
6

Grain mill p ro d u cts................................................
Flour and other grain mill p ro d u c ts ............
Cereal breakfast fo o d s .................................
Rice m illing ....................................................
Blended and prepared flo u r.........................
W et corn m illin g .............................................
Dog, cat, and other pet fo o d .......................
Prepared feeds, n.e.c.....................................

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038
204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

3
3
4
5
5
4
13
7

4
4
4
5
5
5
15
9

4
4
5
7
6
3
12
9

6
6
2
6
4
2
10
16

3
3
4
5
5
4
13
7

4
4
4
5
5
5
15
9

4
4
5
7
6
3
13
9

5
6
2
6
5
2
8
15

Bakery p ro d u c ts ....................................................
Bread, cake, and related p r o d u c ts ...........
C ookies and c ra c k e rs ...................................
Sugar and confectionery p r o d u c ts ...................
Raw cane s u g a r .............................................
Cane sugar re fin in g .......................................
Beet s u g a r......................................................
C onfectionery p r o d u c ts ...............................
Chewing gu m ..................................................

205
2051
2052
206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2067

2
2
2
2
4
3
2
3
13

2
2
2
4
7
3
2
3
13

2
3
3
2
5
4
3
3
14

3
3
3
3
9
2
2
4
7

2
2
2
2
4
3
2
3
14

2
2
2
4
7
3
2
3
14

3
3
3
3
9
2
2
4
7

Fats and o i l s ..........................................................
Cottonseed oil m i l l s .....................................
Soybean oil m ills ...........................................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c..............................
Animal and marine fats and o i l s .................
Shortening and cooking o i l s .......................

207
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

3
3
3
11
7
8

5
4
4
10
8
14

4
3
4
12
8
10

5
6
5
5
8
16

3
3
3
11
6
7

4
4
4
10
7
13

2
3
3
2
5
4
3
3
15
4
3
4
12
8
10

5
6
5
5
8
16

Beverages ..............................................................
Malt b e v e ra g e s..............................................
M alt....................................................................
Wines, brandy, and brandy s p ir its .............
D istilled liquor, except b ra n d y ...................
B ottled and canned soft d rin k s ...................
Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c...........

208
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087

2
5
7
5
3
2
5

2
7
8
7
4
2
6

2
6
7
6
4
2
5

3
9
16
10
4
3
9

2
5
6
5
3
2
5

2
7
8
7
4
2
6

2
6
7
6
4
2
5

3
9
16
10
4
3
10

M iscellaneous foods and kindred products . . .
Canned and cured s e a fo o d s .......................
Fresh or frozen packaged f i s h ...................
Roasted c o ffe e ..............................................
Macaroni and spa ghetti.................................
Food preparations, n.e.c...............................

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

2
9
6
8
4
3

3
9
7
12
4
3

3
12
6
7
5
4

4
11
9
9
9
5

2
9
6
8
4
3

3
9
7
12
4
3

3
13
7
7
5
4

4
11
9
9
9
5

Food and kindred p ro d u c ts .........................................

See footnotes at end of table.




99

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code'

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries
Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
workdays

Tobacco m anufactures................................................

21

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

C igarettes................................................................
C ig a r s ......................................................................
Chewing and smoking t o b a c c o .........................
Tobacco stemming and re d ry in g .......................

211
212
213
214

2
6
6
6

1
1
6
8

2
9
6
7

1

2
6
4
6

1
1
6
8

2
9
6
7

1
(*)
12
11

n
12
11

22

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

Weaving mills, c o tt o n ...........................................
Weaving mills, sy n th e tic s .....................................
Weaving and finishing m ills, w o o l.....................
Narrow fabric m ills ................................................

221
222
223
224

2
4
3
4

6
7
3
5

3
4
4
4

8
9
4
5

2
4
3
4

6
7
3
5

3
4
4
5

8
9
4
5

Knitting m ills ..........................................................
W omen’s hosiery, except s o c k s ...............
Hosiery, n.e.c..................................................
Knit outerw ear m ills .......................................
Knit underwear m i l l s .....................................
C ircular knit fabric m ills ...............................
Warp knit fabric m ills .....................................
Knitting m ills, n.e.c.........................................

225
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

2
3
3
6
6
5
5
9

3
5
4
7
5
8
11
7

3
5
4
6
9
5
7
12

5
5
11
10
7
12
9
10

2
3
3
6
7
5
6
9

3
5
4
7
5
7
11
7

3
5
4
6
9
5
7
12

5
6
11
10
7
12
9
10

Textile finishing, except w o o l.............................
Finishing plants, c o tto n .................................
Finishing plants, s y n th e tic s .........................
Finishing plants, n.e.c....................................

226
2261
2262
2269

3
3
5
7

4
7
6
8

3
3
5
8

4
4
6
14

3
3
5
7

4
7
6
8

3
3
5
8

4
5
6
14

Floor covering m ills ..............................................
Woven carpets and ru gs...............................
Tufted carpets and ru g s ...............................

227
2271
2272

4
5
5

6
9
6

5
6
6

7
11
8

4
6
5

6
9
6

5
6
6

7
11
8

Yam and thread m ills ............................................
Yarn m ills, except w o o l ...............................
Throwing and winding m ills .........................
W ool yarn m ills ..............................................
Thread m ills ....................................................

228
2281
2282
2283
2284

2
3
8
5
4

4
6
12
6
12

2
3
7
6
2

5
6
12
20
2

2
3
8
5
4

4
6
12
6
12

2
3
7
6
2

5
6
12
20
2

Miscellaneous textile g o o d s ...............................
Felt goods, except woven felts and h a ts ..
Lace goods ....................................................
Paddings and upholstery fillin g ...................
Processed te xtile w a s te ...............................
Coated fabrics, not ru bberized...................
Nonwoven fa b ric s ...........................................
Cordage and tw in e .........................................
Apparel and other te xtile p ro d u c ts ...........................

229
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2297
2298
23

3
5
12
8
6
5
9
6
1

4
8
10
8
8
7
10
8
1

4
4
17
11
9
6
12
8
1

6
10
22
9
12
11
9
10
2

3
5
13
8
6
5
9
6
1

4
8
9
8
8
7
10
8
1

4
5
18
12
9
6
11
8
1

6
10
22
10
12
11
9
10
2

6

3

Textile mill p ro d u c ts ....................................................

x

Men’s and b o y s ’ suits and c o a t s .......................

231

3

3

Men’s and
Men’s
Men’s
Men’s
Men’s
Men’s
Men’s

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

2
4
2
8
4
4
4

2
5
4
12
2
4
6

5
2
4
2
9
5
5
5

3
6
3
16
4
7
6

3
2
4
2
8
4
4
4

2
5
4
12
2
5
6

5
2
4
2
9
5
5
5

6
3
6
3
16
4
7
7

m isses’ o u te rw e a r.......................
and m isses’ blouses and waists.
and misses' d re s s e s ...................
and m isses’ suits and coats . . . .
and m isses’ outerwear, n.e.c___

233
2331
2335
2337
2339

2
4
4
5
3

3
5
6
8
4

2
5
5
6
4

5
8
10
13
9

2
4
4
5
3

3
5
6
8
4

3
5
5
6
4

6
8
11
14
9

W omen’s and children’s undergarm ents...........
W omen’s and children’s underw ear............
Brassieres and allied g a rm e n ts .................

234
2341
2342

5
7
7

7
9
9

6
8
8

11
15
10

5
7
7

7
9
9

6
8
8

11
15
10

Hats, caps, and m illinery.......................................
Hats and caps, except m illin e ry ..................

235
2352

4
4

6
6

4
4

9
8

4
4

6
6

4
4

9
8

C hildren’s o u te rw e a r............................................
C hildren’s dresses and b lo u s e s .................
C hildren’s coats and s u its ...........................
C hildren’s outerwear, n.e.c...........................

236
2361
2363
2369

3
5
8
4

4
7
12
6

4
6
9
5

4
10
15
5

3
5
8
4

4
7
12
6

4
6
9
5

4
10
15
5

M iscellaneous apparel and a c c e s s o rie s ..........
Fabric dress and w ork g lo v e s ...................
Robes and dressing g o w n s .........................
W aterproof outergarm ents.........................
Apparel b e lts ..................................................
Apparel and accessories, n.e.c....... ...........

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

3
4
9
9
8
6

3
4
9
8
7
6

4
5
10
11
9
7

5
6
14
12
10
13

3
4
8
9
7
3

3
4
9
8
7
4

4
5
10
11
9
4

5
6
14
12
11
7

b o ys’ furnishings.................................
and b o ys’ shirts and n igh tw ear.......
and bo y s ’ underw ear.........................
and bo ys’ neckw ear...........................
and bo y s ’ separate tro u s e rs ...........
and boys' w ork c lo th in g ...................
and boys' clothing, n.e.c...................

W omen’s and
W omen’s
W omen’s
W omen’s
W omen’s

See footnotes at end of table.




100

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

M iscellaneous fabricated textile products . . . .
House furnishings, n.e.c................................
Canvas and related p r o d u c ts .....................
Pleating and s titc h in g ...................................
Automotive and apparel trim mings.............
Schiffli machine em broid eries.....................
Fabricated te xtile products, n.e.c...............

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
workdays

3
7
6
14
9
7
4

4
6
8
13
13
13
6

4
8
9
22
11
6
4

7
11
15
17
13
11
7

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

239
2392
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

3
7
6
14
10
7
4

4
6
8
13
13
12
6

4
8
8
22
11
6
5

6
11
15
17
13
11
7

26

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Pulp m ills ................................................................
Paper mills, except building p a p e r ...................
Paperboard m ills ....................................................

261
262
263

7
3
5

7
4
7

8
3
5

7
4
7

6
3
5

7
4
7

7
3
5

7
4
7

M iscellaneous converted paper p ro d u c ts ........
Paper coating and g la z in g ...........................
E nvelopes........................................................
Bags, except textile b a g s ...........................
D ie-cut paper and b o a r d .............................
Pressed and molded pulp g o o d s ...............
Sanitary paper p ro d u c ts ...............................
Stationery p ro d u c ts .......................................
Converted paper products, n.e.c................

264
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

2
5
3
3
5
4
2
7
3

2
6
3
5
5
7
5
7
4

2
7
4
4
6
6
1
9
4

3
9
5
7
6
9
6
11
5

2
5
3
3
5
5
2
6
3

2
7
3
5
5
7
5
7
4

2
7
4
4
7
6
1
8
4

3
9
5
7
6
9
6
11

Paperboard containers and b o x e s .....................
Folding paperboard bo xes...........................
Set-up paperboard b o x e s ...........................
Corrugated and solid fiber b o x e s .............
Sanitary food containers...............................
Fiber cans, drums, and sim ilar products ..

265
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655

1
3
5
2
3
4

2
5
6
3
4
5

2
7
6
2
4
5

3
3
7
4
4
6

1
3
5
2
3
5

2
5
6
3
4
5

2
3
6
2
4
5

3
7
7
4
4
6

Building paper and board m ills ...........................

266
27

8

9

7

9

8

2

2

2

9
4

8

Printing and p u b lis h in g ................................................

2

2

2

9
4

N ew spapers............................................................
P e rio d ic a ls ..............................................................

271
272

3
4

3
4

4
5

3
25

3
4

3
4

4
5

3
25

B ooks.......................................................................
Book p u b lis h in g ............................................
Book p rin tin g ..................................................

273
2731
2732

3
7
2

4
8
4

3
7
2

5
9
5

3
7
2

4
8
4

3
7
2

5
9
5

Miscellaneous p u blishing.....................................

274

8

8

11

24

8

8

11

24

Commercial prin ting..............................................
Commercial printing, le tte rp re s s ...............
Commercial printing, lith o g ra p h ic .............
Engraving and plate p rin tin g .......................
Cdmmercial printing, g ra v u re .....................

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

3
5
4
9
6

4
7
6
14
5

3
6
4
10
8

8
16
8
6
5

3
5
4
10
6

4
7
6
14
5

3
6
5
11
8

8
15
8
6
5

Manifold business fo rm s .......................................
Greeting card p u b lis h in g .....................................

276
277

3
8

3
10

4
8

5
7

3
8

3
10

4
8

5
8

Blankbooks and b o o k b in d in g .............................
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders.............
Bookbinding and related w o r k ...................

278
2782
2789

3
4
5

3
4
5

4
5
7

3
4
5

3
4
5

4
5
8

Printing trade s e r v ic e s .........................................
Lithographic platemaking s e rv ic e s ............

279
2795

8
20

11
6

9
25

5
7
5
27
7

8
21

12
7

10
27

5
7
6
27
7

28

2
3
3
8
7
5

Plastics materials and syn th e tics.......................
Plastics materials and re sin s.......................
C ellulosic man-made fib e rs .........................
Organic fibers, n o n c e llu lo s ic .....................

282
2821
2823
2824

3
3
3
9

2
4
4
11
8
6
4
5
7
12

4
5
3
10

2
4
5
10
10
5
4
5
6
11

2

281
2812
2813
2816
2819

3
4
3
9

2
4
4
11
9
6
4
5
7
12

3
3
10
8
5
4
5
3
10

4
5
6
11

D ru g s .......................................................................
B iological p ro d u c ts .......................................
M edicinals and b o ta n ic a ls ...........................
Pharmaceutical preparations.......................

283
2831
2833
2834

2
8
10
2

2
7
14
2

3
11
10
3

3
7
14
3

2
7
10
2

3
7
15
2

3
9
11
3

3
8
14
4

Soap, cleaners, and to ile t g o o d s .......................
Soap and other d e te rg e n ts .........................
Polishes and sanitation g o o d s ...................
Surface active a g e n ts ...................................
T o ile t preparation...........................................

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

3
5
7
9
6

4
7
9
11
7

4
6
8
10
7

5
5
11
33
8

3
5
7
10
6

4
7
9
11
7

4
6
9
11
7

5
5
11
34
8

Paper and allied p ro d u c ts ..........................................

C hem icals and a llie d p r o d u c ts .................................
Industrial inorganic c h e m ic a ls ...........................
Alkalies and c h lo rin e ....................................
Industrial g a ses..............................................
Inorganic pigm ents.........................................
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c..........

See footnotes at end of table.




101

2
3
3
9
7
4

3
3
9
7
5

2

5

2
4
5
10
10
5

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code'

Paints and allied p ro d u c ts ..................................

285

Industrial organic c h e m ic a ls ...............................
Gum and w ood c h e m ic a ls ...........................
C yc lic crudes and inte rm ed iates...............

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries
Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
workdays

3

5

4

5

3

5

4

5

286
2861
2865

10
4
5

12
7
10

10
5
5

10
4
10

10
5
6

13
8
11

10
6
6

10
4
8

A gricultural chem icals..........................................
Nitrogenous fe rtiliz e rs ..................................
Phosphate fe r tiliz e rs ....................................
Fertilizers, mixing o n ly .................................
Agricultural chem icals, n.e.c.......................

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

4
7
8
9
5

5
15
10
13
7

5
8
11
10
6

6
13
7
16
7

4
8
8
9
6

6
16
10
13
7

5
8
11
10
7

6
13
7
17
7

Miscellaneous chemical p ro d u c ts .....................
Adhesives and s e a la n ts ...............................
E x p lo s iv e s ......................................................
Printing in k ......................................................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c.......................

289
2891
2892
2893
2899

4
5
10
10
6

5
7
5
15
9

4
5
14
12
6

4
10
7
19
6

4
5
10
11
6

5
7
5
15
9

4
5
14
12
6

5
10
8
20
5

4
6

4
6

4
6

5
7

4
6

4
6

4
6

5
7

Petroleum and coal p r o d u c ts .....................................
Petroleum r e fin in g ................................................

29
291

Paving and roofing m a terials...............................
Pavings mixtures and b lo c k s .......................
Asphalt felts and c o a tin g s ...........................

295
2951
2952

4
11
3

5
12
5

5
14
4

8
21
5

4
11
3

5
13
5

5
14
4

8
21
5

M iscellaneous petroleum and coal
p ro d u c ts ................................................................
Lubricating o ils and greases.......................
Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c...........

299
2992
2999

7
10
6

8
11
6

9
12
8

9
14
10

7
10
6

8
12
6

9
12
8

9
15
11

Rubber and m iscellaneous plastics p roducts.........
Tires and inner tub es............................................
Rubber and plastics fo o tw e a r.............................
Rubber and plastics hose and belting .............
Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c......................
Miscellaneous plastics p ro d u c ts .......................
Leather and leather p r o d u c ts ....................................

30

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

301
302
304
306
307

3
9
6
2
2

4
9
6
2
3

4
10
9
2
3

4
8
7
3
3

3
8
6
2
2

4
9
6
2
3

4
10
9
2
3

4
8
7
3
3

31

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

Leather tanning and finishin g...............................
Boot and shoe cut sto ck and fin d in g s .............

311
313

4
5

4
5

4
6

4
12

4
5

4
5

4
6

4
13

Footwear, except ru b b e r....................................
House s lip p e r s ..............................................
Men’s footwear, exce pt a th le tic .................
Women’s footwear, except a th le tic ...........
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c...................

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

3
6
4
5
2

3
6
4
6
2

3
8
5
6
2

5
6
6
11
2

3
6
4
5
2

3
6
4
6
3

3
8
5
6
2

5
6
6
12
2

Leather gloves and m itte n s .................................
Luggage .................................................................

315
316

13
6

13
6

14
7

20
9

12
6

12
6

14
7

21
9

Handbags and personal leather g o o d s .............
Women’s handbags and p u rs e s .................
Personal leather goods, n.e.c......................

317
3171
3172

4
5
6

5
6
8

4
6
7

12
12
18

4
5
6

5
6
8

4
6
7

13
13
20

Leather goods, n.e.c.............................................

319

12

12

16

14

12

12

17

14

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

Transportation and public u tilitie s .............................
Local and interurban passenger tr a n s it...........
Local and suburban tra n s p o rta tio n ...........
T a x ic a b s ..........................................................
Intercity highway tra nspo rtatio n.................
Transportation charter s e rv ic e ...................
School bu ses..................................................

41
411
412
413
414
415

6
4
19
6
13
10

6
4
20
6
15
9

8
7
23
9
16
12

6
4
26
6
47
13

6
4
19
6
13
10

6
4
20
6
15
9

8
7
23
9
16
12

6
4
26
6
47
13

Trucking and w arehousing...................................
Trucking, local and long d is ta n c e .............
Public w a re hou sing......................................

42
421
422

3
4
12

4
4
14

5
7
12

6
5
16

4
4
12

4
4
14

5
5
12

6
7
16

W ater tra n s p o rta tio n ............................................
Local water transportation...........................
W ater transportation s e rv ic e s.....................

44
445
446

4
15
4

4
16
4

6
20
7

5
19
5

4
15
4

4
16
4

6
21
7

5
20
5

Transportation by a ir ............................................
C ertificated air transportation.....................
N oncertificated air tra n s p o rta tio n .............
Air transportation s e rv ic e s ...........................

45
451
452
458

3
3
7
6

3
3
8
8

3
4
9
7

4
4
13
18

3
3
7
6

3
4
8
8

3
4
9
7

4
4
13
18

See footnotes at end of table.




102

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code’

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
workdays

Pipelines, except natural g a s .............................

46

12

13

15

37

11

13

15

38

Transportation s e rv ic e s ......................................
Freight fo rw a rd in g ........................................
Rental of railroad c a rs..................................
M iscellaneous transportation s e rv ic e s .. ..

47
471
474
478

6
12
9
5

7
10
10
7

9
18
13
6

10
14
3
11

6
10
9
5

6
10
10
7

8
15
13
6

9
14
3
12

C om m unication......................................................
Telephone com m unication...........................
Telegraph co m m u n ic a tio n ...........................
Radio and television b ro a d c a s tin g ...........
Communication services, n.e.c...................

48
481
482
483
489

4
6
5
3
8

5
6
8
6
13

6
8
5
3
9

12
13
10
7
14

4
6
5
3
8

5
6
8
6
13

6
8
5
3
9

12
14
10
7
15

E lectric, gas, and sanitary s e r v ic e s .................
E lectric se rv ic e s............................................
Gas production and d is trib u tio n .................
Combination u tility system s.........................
W ater s u p p ly ..................................................
Sanitary s e r v ic e s ..........................................
Irrigation system s..........................................

49
491
492
493
494
495
497

2
3
6
2
14
7
15

2
3
7
3
15
8
18

2
3
6
4
17
9
15

5
5
9
4
46
20
32

2
3
6
2
14
7
15

2
3
7
3
15
8
18

2
4
6
4
17
9
16

5
5
9
4
47
20
32
4

W holesale and retail tra d e ..........................................

2

3

2

4

2

3

2

W holesale tr a d e ....................................................

3

3

. 3

5

3

3

3

5

W holesale trade—durable g o o d s .............
M otor vehicles and automotive equipment
Lumber and construction m a te ria ls ...........
Metals and minerals, except petroleum . ..
E lectrical g o o d s ............................................
Hardware; plumbing, and heating
equipm ent......................................................
Machinery, equipment and s u p p lie s .........
Miscellaneous durable g o o d s .....................

50
501
503
505
506

3
6
12
10
11

4
8
19
10
19

4
6
11
13
13

7
13
18
13
31

3
6
12
10
11

4
8
19
10
17

4
7
11
13
13

7
13
18
13
28

507
508
509

9
7
9

13
9
11

10
9
11

21
14
20

9
7
9

13
9
11

10
9
11

21
13
21

W holesale trade—nondurable g o o d s ...............
Paper and paper p ro d u c ts ...........................
Drugs, proprietaries, and sundries.............
Apparel, piece goods, and n o tio n s ...........
G roceries and related p ro d u c ts .................
Farm -product raw m aterials.........................
Chem icals and allied p ro d u c ts ...................
Petroleum and petroleum p ro d u c ts ...........
Beer, wine, and d is tille d b e v e ra g e s .........
Miscellaneous nondurable g o o d s .............

51
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519

5
8
10
9
10
8
15
10
9
8

5
11
11
13
9
11
20
11
12
10

6
9
12
10
13
11
19
14
11
9

8
19
25
20
17
21
23
19
17
16

5
8
10
9
10
8
15
10
9
8

5
11
11
13
9
11
21
11
12
10

6
9
12
9
14
11
20
14
11
9

8
20
25
20
17
21
23
19
17
17

2

4

3

5

2

4

3

5

Building materials and garden s u p p lie s ...........
Lumber and other building m aterials.........
Paint, glass, and w allpaper s to re s .............
Hardware s to re s ............................................

52
521
523
525

7
10
11
11

8
11
15
15

8
11
14
14

12
15
32
40

7
10
12
11

9
11
16
15

8
11
14
14

13
15
35
40

General merchandise s to r e s ...............................
Department s to r e s .........................................
Variety s to r e s ................................................

53
531
533

3
3
6

3
4
8

4
4
6

7
6
16

3
3
6

3
4
8

4
4
6

7
6
14

Food s to r e s ............................................................
G rocery s to r e s ...............................................
Meat markets and freezer provisioners ...
Dairy products s to r e s ...................................
Retail b a k e rie s ..............................................

54
541
542
545
546

5
5
10
12
16

8
9
13
17
20

11
11
13
13
21

8
9
22
21
47

5
5
10
12
16

8
9
13
17
20

5
5
14
14
21

11
11
22
21
48

Automotive dealers and service stations.........
New and used-car d e alers...........................
Auto and home supply s to r e s .....................
Gasoline service stations.............................

55
551
553
554

3
4
8
9

5
6
10
12

3
4
9
10

8
9
15
22

3
4
8
9

5
6
10
12

4
4
9
10

9
10
15
23

Apparel and accessory s to r e s ...........................
Women's ready-to-w ear s to r e s .................
Family clothing s to re s ...................................

56
562
565

8
14
9

10
17
12

10
18
11

21
47
28

8
14
9

10
17
12

10
19
11

22
48
28

Furniture and home furnishings s to r e s .............
Furniture and home furnishings stores . . . .
Household appliance s to r e s .......................

57
571
572

7
9
14

10
12
18

8
11
16

17
22
26

7
9
14

10
12
18

9
11
16

17
22
26

Retail tra de..............................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




103

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries
Lost
w orkdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
w orkdays

Lost
w orkdays

Eating and drinking p la c e s..................................

58

8

13

9

17

8

13

9

17

M iscellaneous re ta il..............................................
Used merchandise s to re s .............................
Miscellaneous shopping goods s to re s .. . .
Nonstore re ta ile rs..........................................
Fuel and ice d e a le rs ....................................

59
593
594
596
598

5
16
11
8
9

8
19
16
9
11

7
21
12
9
12

15
37
25
23
17

5
16
11
8
9

8
19
16
9
11

7
21
13
9
12

15
38
25
23
18

4

5

5

12

4

5

6

12

B a n k in g ....................................................................
Commercial and sto ck savings banks . . . .
Trust companies, n o n d e p o s it.....................
Functions clo s e ly related to b a n k in g .......

60
602
604
605

15
17
26
10

16
19
20
11

18
20
35
11

26
32
43
22

15
17
26
10

16
19
20
10

18
20
35
11

27
33
43
22

Credit agencies other than b a n k s .....................
Savings and loan a s s o c ia tio n s ...................
Business cre d it in s titu tio n s .........................

61
612
615

15
7
10

20
11
11

—

9
17

15
7
10

20
11
10

16
8
13

10
17

Security, com m odity brokers, and services . . .
S ecurity brokers and d e a le rs .....................
Security and com m odity exchanges.........
S ecurity and com m odity s e rv ic e s .............

62
621
623
628

6
7
3
15

5
7
6
13

16
8
13
7
8
1
17

11
17
6
16

6
7
3
15

5
7
6
13

7
8
1
17

9
13
6
16

Insurance c a rrie rs ..................................................
Life in s u ra n c e ................................................
Medical service and health insurance.......
Fire, marine, and casualty insurance.........
Surety insurance............................................
Pension, health, and welfare funds.............
Insurance carriers, n.e.c................................

63
631
632
633
635
637
639

3
7
4
4
10
18
3

4
8
4
4
10
19
2

4
10
6
5
13
18
5

9
17
8
7
14
20
3

3
7
4
4
10
18
3

4
8
4
4
10
19
2

5
10
6
5
14
18
5

8
14
8
7
15
20
3

Real e s ta te ..............................................................
Real estate operators and lessors.............
Real estate agents and m a nage rs.............
Title abstract o ffic e s ....................................
Subdividers and d e v e lo p e rs .......................

65
651
653
654
655

5
7
12
11
9

7
10
14
12
12

6
8
13
16
10

12
17
24
8
25

5
8
12
11
9

7
10
14
12
12

6
9
13
16
10

13
17
26
8
26

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ...........................

—

4

3

6

13

4

3

Hotels and other lodging p la c e s .......................
Hotels, motels, and tourist c o u rts .............

70
701

5
5

10
10

5
5

14
15

5
5

10
11

5
5

15
15

Personal s e rv ic e s..................................................
Laundry, cleaning, and garment s e rv ic e s ..

72
721

8
9

12
14

32
17

8
8

Business s e r v ic e s ................................................
A d v e rtis in g ......................................................
Mailing, reproduction, s te n o g ra p h ic .........
Services to b u ild in g s ...................................
Personnel supply s e rv ic e s ...........................
Computer and data processing s e rv ic e s ..
M iscellaneous business s e r v ic e s .............

73
731
733
734
736
737
739

6
15
11
19
11
25
8

7
17
14
19
14
15
9

8
8
7
17
13
21
12
37
10

6
15
11
19
11
20
9

7
8
7
17
13
22
12
28
10

18
17
14
20
25
28
26
15
22

Auto repair, services, and g a ra g e s ...................
Autom otive rentals, without driv e rs...........
Automotive repair shops...............................
Automotive services, except r e p a ir .........

75
751
753
754

9
9
12
12

11
11
15
16

11
10
15
15

6
10
8

8
16
10

8
13
10

8
16
10

11
10
15
15
8
13
10

24
23
31
30

76
762
769

9
9
12
12
7
10
8

11
11
15
17

Miscellaneous repair s e r v ic e s ...........................
E lectrical repair s h o p s .................................
M iscellaneous repair sho ps.........................

14
19
25
28
26
15
21
24
23
30
29
14
29
18

12
13
7
17
14
19
14
16
10

Motion p ic tu re s ......................................................
Motion picture production and services ..
Motion picture theaters.................................

78
781
783

8
9
14

10
12
18

9
11
17

17
10
47

8
10
14

10
13
18

9
11
17

18
11
48

Amusement and recreation s e rv ic e s .................
Bowling and billiard e sta blishm e nts.........
Miscellaneous amusement and recreational
s ervice s..........................................................

79
793

11
12

12
18

13
14

19
32

11
12

12
17

13
14

19
25

799

10

8

13

13

10

9

13

13

Health s e rv ic e s ......................................................
Nursing and personal care fa c ilitie s .........
H ospita ls..........................................................
M edical and dental labo rato ries.................
Outpatient care fa c ilitie s .............................
Health and allied services, n.e.c.................

80
805
806
807
808
809

9
4
12
8
10
11

6
4
9
12
14
19

13
6
18
9
13
9

27
7
35
21
15
32

9
4
13
8
11
10

4
4
6
13
15
15

13
6
19
8
13
9

9
8
13
24
15
10

Educational s e rv ic e s ............................................
C olleges and universities.............................
Libraries and information centers...............

82
822
823

10
12
18

16
18
17

12
15
20

24
15
26

10
12
18

16
18
17

13
15
20

25
15
26

S e rv ic e s .........................................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




104

6*

5

15
30
18

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and occupational injuries, private sector, by
industry, United States 1976—Continued
Relative standard error (percent)2
Injuries

Injuries and illnesses
Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Industry

SIC
code1

Total
cases

Lost
w orkday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Social s e rv ic e s ..............................................................
Individual and family s e rv ic e s .............................
Job training and related s e r v ic e s .....................
Residential c a r e ....................................................
S ocial services, n.e.c............................................

83
832
833
836
839

4
13
7
8
8

5
17
8
10
12

5
19
9
10
9

8
26
10
13
17

5
14
7
8
8

5
18
8
10
12

6
19
9
10
9

8
26
10
13
17

Museums, botanical, and zoo lo gical
g a rd e n s..........................................................................
Museums and art g a lle rie s ...................................
Botanical and z o o lo gical g a rd e n s.....................

84
841
842

7
11
8

9
11
15

9
15
7

12
18
15

7
11
8

9
11
16

10
15
6

13
19
17

Membership o rganiza tions...........................................
C ivic and social org a n iza tio n s...........................
Membership organizations, n.e.c.........................

86
864
869

8
14
15

11
20
15

8
14
17

18
27
30

7
14
15

12
21
16

8
14
18

19
27
31

Miscellaneous s e r v ic e s ..............................................
Engineering and architectural s e r v ic e s ...........
Noncommercial research organiza tions...........

89
891
892

16
11
6

15
17
7

19
12
8

22
29
12

17
11
7

15
17
7

20
12
9

23
30
11

'S tandard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition.
2 See discussion of re lia b ility of estimates.
NOTE: A sterisks are shown for estim ates with a relative standard error
of less than .5, or for estim ates with a relative standard error of zero.
Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication
guidelines.

Table A-2.

Relative standard errors were not calculated for the mining division,
coal and lignite mining (SIC 1 1 -1 2 ), metal and nonmetal mining and
quarrying (SIC 10 and 14), and railroad transportation (SIC 40).
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor S tatistics, U.S. Department Qf Labor.

Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illness, private sector, by industry, United States, 1976

Industry

SIC
code1

Relative standard
error (percent)2
Lost
Total
workday
cases
cases

Private s e c t o r .......................................

4

9

11

0 1 -0 2
07
08
09

8
19
24
—

11
25
57
—

13

18

29

13

13

24
11
21

38
14
17

1

1

SIC
code1

9

A griculture, forestry, and fishing...................

Industry

Relative standard
error ( percent)2
Lost
Total
w orkday
cases
cases

A gricultural p ro d u c tio n ...........................
A gricultral s e r v ic e s .................................
F o re stry......................................................
Fishing, hunting, and tra p p in g ...............

Stone, clay, and glass p ro d u c ts ............
Primary metal in d u s trie s .........................
Fabricated metal p ro d u c ts .....................
Machinery, except e le c tric a l.................
E lectric and electronic equipm ent........
Transportation equipm ent.......................
Instruments and related p ro d u c ts ..........
M iscellaneous manufacturing industries

M ining..................................................................
Oil and gas e x tra c tio n .............................
C onstruction......................................................

General building c o n tra c to rs .................
Heavy construction c o n tra c to rs ............
Special trade con tracto rs.......................

15
16
17

Manufacturing....................................................

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

4
4
3
3
3
2
4
6

7
4
5
4
3
3
6
6

20
21
22
23
26
27
28
29

2
9
4
5
5
8
6
6

3
7
7
7
7
9
5
7

30
31

5
6

6
7

5

6

38
27

34
36

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred p ro d u c ts ...................
Tobacco m anufactures...........................
Textile mill p ro d u c ts ...............................
Apparel and other textile products . . . .
Paper and allied p r o d u c ts .....................
Printing and p u b lis h in g ...........................
Chemicals and allied p ro d u c ts ..............
Petroleum and coal p r o d u c ts ...............
Rubber and m iscellaneous plastics
p r o d u c ts ..................................................
Leather and leather p r o d u c ts ...............

Durable goods

Transportation and public u tilitie s ................
Lumber and w ood p ro d u c ts ...................
Furniture and fix tu re s ...............................




24
25

6
6

12
5

Local and interurban passenger transit
Trucking and w are hou sing.....................

105

41
42

Table A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illness, private sector, by industry, United
States, 1976—Continued
Ftelative S tandard

R elative s ta n d a rd

e rro r (p ercen t)
In d u s try

s iq
cod e1

T o ta l
cases

e rro r (p e rce n t)
In d u s try

Lost

Lo st

S IC
code1

w o rk d a y
cases

T o ta l

58
59

—
31

—
51

14

21

60
61

40
50

51
19

62
63
65

28
15
19

29
32

20

40

70
72
73
75
76
78
79
80
82
83

14
—
18
58
26
24
22
36
37
49

21
—
25
43
52
27
—
—
53

84
86
89

14
49
36

9
53
—

cases

w o rk d a y
cases

R e ta il t r a d e —C o n t in u e d
Transportation and public utilitie s
Continued

Eating and drinking p la c e s ..............
M iscellaneous re ta il.........................

47
16
6

16
6
—
—
17
10

W holesale and retail tra d e .............................

15

19

W holesale tr a d e .......................................

18

23

50

29

35

51

20

30

21

27

W ater tra n s p o rta tio n ...............................
Transportation by a i r ...............................
Pipelines, except natural g a s ...............
Transportation s e r v ic e s .........................
C om m unica tion.........................................
E lectric, gas, and sanitary s e rv ic e s .. . .

44
45
46
47
48
49

11
13
—

Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ..............
B a n k in g ......................................................
C redit agencies other than b a n k s ........
Security, com m odity brokers, and
se rvice s....................................................
Insurance c a rrie rs .....................................
Real e s ta te .................................................
S e rv ic e s ............................................................

W holesale trade—durable g o o d s ..
W holesale trade—nondurable
g o o d s .................................................
Retail tra d e ................................................
Building materials and garden
s u p p lie s .............................................
General merchandise s to r e s ..........
Food s to r e s .......................................
Automotive dealers and service
s ta tio n s .............................................
Apparel and accessory stores . . . .
Furniture and home furnishings
s to re s .................................................

52
53
54

31
35
44

49
54
40

55
56

19
48

26
—

57

—

—

' Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition.
2See discussion of re lia b ility of estimates.

Hotels and other lodging p la c e s ..........
Personal s e rv ic e s .....................................
Business se rvice s.....................................
Auto repair, services, and garages . . . .
Miscellaneous repair s e r v ic e s ..............
Motion p ic tu re s .........................................
Amusement and recreation services . . .
Health s e rv ic e s .........................................
Educational s e rv ic e s ...............................
Social s e rv ic e s .........................................
Museums, botanical, and zoo lo gical
gardens ....................................................
Membership o rg a n iza tio n s.....................
M iscellaneous service s...........................

—

Relative standard errors were not calculated for the mining division,
coal and lignite mining (SIC 1 1 —12), metal and nonmetal mining and
quarrying (SIC 10 and 14), and railroad transportation (SIC 40).

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.




—

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor S tatistics, U.S. Department o f Labor.

Table A-3. Relative standard errors for injury and illness
fatalities, private sector, by industry division, United States, 1976
Relative standard
error (percent)’

Industry
Private s e c to r..........................................................

8

Agriculture, forestry, and fis h in g .....................................
M in in g ...................................................................................
C o n s tru c tio n .......................................................................
M anufacturing.....................................................................
Transportation and public u t ilit ie s .................................
W holesale and retail tr a d e ..............................................
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ...............................
S e rv ic e s ...............................................................................

32
15
20
7
23
32
—

30

’See discussion of re lia b ility of estimates.
NOTE: Dash is shown for an estimate of fewer than 50 cases.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

106

Appendix B. OSH A No. 103 Report Form
and Instructions

Dear Employer:
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 requires the Secretary of Labor to collect, compile,
and analyze statistics on occupational injuries and illnesses. This is accomplished through a joint,
Federal-State survey program with States that have received Federal grants for collecting and com­
piling statistics. Establishments are selected fo r this survey on a sample basis with varying probabilities
depending upon size. Certain establishments may be included in each year's sample because of their
importance to the statistics for their industry.
You have been selected to participate in the nationwide Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Survey for
1976. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, your report is mandatory.
The following items are enclosed for your use: (1) Instructions for completing the form ; (2) Form
O SHA No. 103 and a copy for your files; and (3) on addressed return envelope. Please complete Form
O SHA No. 103 and return it within three weeks in the envelope provided.
If you have any questions about this survey, contact the survey collection agency indicated on Form
O SHA No. 103.
Thank you for your cooperation with this important survey.

107



A n n u a l A v e ra g e e m p lo y m e n t should be co m p u te d b y sum m ing the e m p lo ym e n t fro m a ll p a y
p e rio d s d u rin g 1976 a n d th e n d iv id in g th a t sum b y th e to ta l n um be r o f such p a y period s
th ro u g h o u t the e n tire y e a r, in c lu d in g p e rio d s w ith no e m p lo y m e n t. For e x a m p le , if you h ad
th e fo llo w in g m o n th ly e m p lo y m e n t-J a n .-l0; F e b.-10; M a r.-10; A p r.-5 ; M a y-5 ; June-5;
July-5 ; Aug.-O ; Sept.-O; Oct.-O; N o v .-5; D e c .-5 -y o u w o u ld sum th e n u m b e r o f em ployees fo r
each m o n th ly p a y p e rio d (in this case, 60) a n d th e n d iv id e th a t to ta l by 12 (the n u m b e r o f
p a y p e rio d s d u rin g th e y e a r) to d e riv e a n a n n u a l a v e ra g e e m p lo ym e n t o f 5.

SURVEY REPORTING REGULATIONS
T itle 2 9 , P a rt 1 9 0 4 .2 0 -2 2 o f th e C o d e o f F e d e ra l R e g u la tio n s re q u ire s
th a t: e a c h e m p lo y e r sh a ll re tu rn th e c o m p le te d s u rv e y Fo rm , O S H A N o .
1 03 , w ith in 3 w e e ks o f re c e ip t in a c c o rd a n c e w ith th e in s tru c tio n s sh o w n
b e lo w .

COMPLY
IN

An ESTABLISHMENT is d e fin e d as - a single p hysical lo c a tio n w h ere business is
co n d u cte d o r w h e re services o r in d u s tria l o p e ra tio n s a re p e rfo rm e d . (For ex­
a m p le : a fa c to ry , m ill, store, h o te l, re s ta u ra n t, m ovie th e a tre , fa rm , ra n ch, b a n k,
sales o ffic e , w a re h o u se , o r c e n tra l a d m in is tra tiv e o ffic e .)

y e a r 1976 in th e estab lish m e nt(s) in c lu d e d in this re p o rt. Includ e a ll classes o f em ployees,
in c lu d in g se aso na l, te m p o ra ry , a d m in is tra tiv e , supe rviso ry, cle ric a l, p ro fe ssio n a l, tech n ical,
sales, d e liv e ry , in s ta lla tio n , constru ctio n, a n d service p e rson ne l, as w e ll as o p e ra tin g a n d
re la te d w orkers.

1 9 7 6 OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES A N D ILLNESSES SURVEY
(covering calen d a r ye a r 1 9 7 6 )

TO

D EFINITIO N OF ESTABLISHMENT

SECTION II - A N N U A L AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT IN 1 97 6
Enter in Section II the average o f fu ll a n d p a rt-tim e e m p loye e s who w o rke d d u rin g c a le n d a r

INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETING FORM O SHA N O . 103

RESULT

E nter in Section I th e n u m b e r o f estab lish m e nts (as d e fin e d b e lo w ) in clu d e d in this re p o rt.

Reports fo r p ersun ne l w h o d o n o t p rim a rily re p o rt o r w o rk a t a single e sta b lish ­
m ent, such as tra v e lin g salesm en, tech n icia ns, e n g in e e rs, e tc., should cover the
lo c a tio n fro m which th e y a re p a id o r th e base fro m w hich personnel o p e ra te to
c a rry o u t th e ir a ctivities.

M O R T O N CORN
Assistant Secretary for
Occupational Safety and Health

MAY

SECTION I - E S T A B L IS H M E N T S IN C L U D E D IN TH E REPORT
This re p o rt should in clu d e o n ly those esta b lish m e nts lo c a te d in, o r id e n tifie d b y, the Report
Location o r Id e n tific a tio n d e s ig n a tio n which a p p e a rs b e lo w yo ur m a ilin g address. This
d e s ig n a tio n m a y be a g e o g ra p h ic a l a re a , u sua lly a co un ty o r city, or it co uld be a b rie f
d e scrip tio n o f y o u r o p e ra tio n w ith in a g e o g ra p h ic a l a re a . If you have a n y question con­
ce rn in g th e co v e ra g e o f this re p o rt, p lea se co n ta ct the a g e n c y id e n tifie d on the OSHA No.
103 re p o rt fo rm .

For firm s e n g a g e d in a c tivitie s such as construction, tra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u nica ­
tio n , o r e lectric, g as a n d s a n ita ry services, w hich m a y be physica lly dispe rse d ,
re p o rts sh ould co ver th e p lace to w hich e m p loye e s n o rm a lly re p o rt each d a y .

Sincerely,

FAILURE

P a rtia l-Y e a r Reporting - For e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h w e re n o t in e xiste n ce f o r th e
e n tir e r e p o r t y e a r , th e r e p o r t s h o u ld c o v e r th e p o r tio n o f th e p e r io d d u r in g w h ich
th e e stablishm ent(s) w a s in e x is te n c e . E x p la in f u lly u n d e r "C o m m e n ts ."

THE

W ITH

THE

ISSUANCE

REPORTING
OF

C ITA TIO NS

SECTION III - TOTAL HOURS W ORKED IN 197 6

REQUIREMENTS
AND

ASSESS­

MENTS OF PENALTIES.

Change of Ownership—When there has been a change of ownership during the report period, only the
records of the current owner are to be entered in the report. Explain fully under "Comments."

1

E nter in Section III th e total n u m b e r o f hours a c tu a lly worked b y a ll classes o f em ployees
d u rin g 1976. Be sure to in clu d e ONLY tim e on d u ty . DO NOT include any non-work time
even th o u g h p a id , such as va ca tio n s, sick le a ve , h o lid a ys, etc. The hours w o rke d fig u re
should be o b ta in e d fro m p a y ro ll o r o th e r tim e records w h e re v e r possible; if hours worked
a re not m a in ta in e d s e p a ra te ly fro m hours paid, p lea se e n te r yo u r best estim a te . If a c tu a l
hours w o rk e d a re n ot a v a ila b le f o r e m p loye e s p a id on com m ission, sa la ry, b y th e m ile, etc.,
hours w o rk e d m a y be e s tim a te d on th e basis o f sch ed uled hours o r 8 hours p e r w o rk d a y .
(E xa m p le - If a g ro u p o f 10 s a la rie d e m p loye e s w o rk e d an a v e ra g e o f 8 hours p e r d a y,
5 days a w e ek, f o r 5 0 w eeks o f the re p o rt p e rio d the to ta l hours w o rke d fo r this g ro u p
w o u ld be 10x8 x5x5 0 = 2 0 ,0 0 0 hours fo r the re p o rt p e rio d .)




SECTION IV • SUPPORT ACTIVITIES PERFORMED FOR OTHER
ESTABLISHMENTS OF YOUR C O M PAN Y
It is necessary to k n o w w h e th e r this re p o rt includes any e s ta b lish m e n t (s) w hose primary
fu n c tio n is to p ro v id e s u p p o rtin g services to o th e r esta b lish m e nts o f your co m p a n y . The
m o re im p o rta n t e xa m p le s in clu d e c e n tra l a d m in is tra tiv e (h e a d q u a rte rs o r d istrict) o ffice s;
rese arch , d e v e lo p m e n t, o r testing fa c ilitie s ; a n d sto ra g e (w arehouses).

A nsw er " N o " if (a ) services a re n o t the p rim a ry fun ctio n o f a n y esta b lish m e nt(s) in clu d e d
in this re p o rt o r (b ) if services a re p ro v id e d b u t o n ly on a contract or fee basis f o r the
g e n e ra l p u b lic o r f o r o th e r business firm s.

A nsw er "Y e s " only if s u p p o rtin g services a re p ro v id e d to o th e r e sta b lish m e nts o f your
co m p a n y . Also, in d ic a te the p rim a ry ty p e o f service or s u p p o rt p ro v id e d b y ch eckin g as
m a n y boxes as a p p ly . For e x a m p le , if o ne se p a ra te e sta b lish m e nt is a c e n tra l a d m in is tra tiv e
o ffic e a n d a n o th e r is a w a re h o u se , check b o th (1) a n d (3). If se ve ra l s u p p o rtin g services
a re p e rfo rm e d in o ne e sta b lish m e nt a t a single lo ca tio n , check th e o ne b o x w hich best
describes th e p rim a ry a c tiv ity .

SECTION V • NATURE OF BUSINESS IN 1 97 6
In o rd e r

to

a b o u t th e

assign

sp ecific

th e

a p p ro p r ia te

n a tu re

of

econom ic a c tiv ity c a rrie d

business co de ,

on b y the

we

must h a v e

in fo rm a tio n

e sta b lish m e n t (s) in c lu d e d

in yo u r

re p o rt d u rin g c a le n d a r y e a r 1976.
NOTE:
in

If m o re

S ection

w ill

be

V

th a n

shou ld

a ssign e d

o ne e sta b lish m e nt is in clu d e d (as in d ic a te d
re fle c t th e

w h ich

co m b in e d

best in d ica te s

in S ection I), in fo rm a tio n

a ctivities of a ll such e stablishm ents.

the

n a tu re

o f business o f th e

g ro u p

O n e code

o f e sta b lish ­

m ents as a w h o le .

Part A:

G eneral Activity -

Enter th e

p rin c ip a l

a c tiv ity

d u rin g

1976

in

g e n e ra l term s

such as m a n u fa c tu rin g , co nstruction, tra d e , fin a n c e , services, etc.

Part

B:

Specific

of

tra d e ,

typ e s

as

possible.

annual

Activity
of

O p p o s ite

d o lla r

-

List

services,

v a lu e

each
of

in

or

o rd e r

o th e r

e n try,

plea se

p ro d u c tio n ,

of

im p o rta n c e

econom ic
e n te r

sales

the

receipts

specific p ro d u cts,

th e

a ctivitie s.

P ro vide

a p p ro x im a te
etc.,

as

as

lines

much

d e ta il

percentage o f
a p p ro p r ia te .

1976

R e lia ble

e stim ates a re a c c e p ta b le .

S E C T IO N V I • RECO R D A B LE IN J U R IE S A N D ILLNESSES
Check

th e

a p p r o p r ia te

b ox.

If

you

checked

"Y e s"

c o m p le te

th e

re m a in d e r

of

the

q u e s tio n n a ire . If yo u ch ecked " N o " co m p le te Section VII a n d S ection IX.

SECTION V II • SUPPLEMENTARY DATA O N JOB SAFETY A N D HEALTH

PART A:

E nte r th e n u m b e r co rre sp o n d in g to the firs t m o n th in 1976 in w hich y o u r e sta ­
b lis h m e n ts )

had

an

O SH A

co m p lia nce

in spe ctio n.

For

e x a m p le ,

if

th e

in ­

sp ection o ccurred in M a rc h , e n te r " 0 3 " . If th e in spe ctio n o ccu rre d in N o ve m ­
b e r, e n te r " 1 1 " , etc. Includ e inspections u n d e r th e F e d e ra l o r S ta te e q u iv a le n ts
o f th e O c c u p a tio n a l S a fe ty a n d H e alth A ct b y F e d e ra l o r S ta te inspectors a n d
o th e r inspections w hich m a y re su lt in p e n a ltie s f o r v io la tio n s o f s a fe ty s ta n d ­
a rd s. Do n o t in clu d e inspections lim ite d to e le va to rs o r b o ile rs o r those w h ich
a re co nsu ltative in n a tu re .

Part B:

Periodic general medical examinations-an examination administered by a
doctor, or registered professional personnel under the standing orders of a
doctor, in which medical opinions or conclusions are drawn.
Periodic medical surveillance examinations-periodic screening of employees
who are exposed to toxic substances, hazardous materials, or injurious forces
(e.g., noise, radiation, etc.).

SECTION V III - IN JU R Y A N D ILLNESS SU M M A R Y
This section can be completed quickly and easily by copying the data already entered on
your OSHA No. 102 “Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses" for 1976 or by
summarizing the data from your OSHA No. 100 “ Log of Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses".
NOTE: If this report includes more than one establishment, the
separate OSHA
No. 102 summaries for each must be added and the sums entered in Section VIII.
However, you should first make sure that each OSHA No. 102 form has been cor­
rectly prepared. The OSHA No. 102 form is the summary of cases which have
been entered on the Log of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA No. 100)
during calendar year 1976. Please review the Log to make sure that all entries
are correct and complete. Each case should be included in only one of the three
types: Fatalities (Log column 8); Lost Workday Cases (Log column 9); or Nonfatal
Cases W ithout Lost Workdays (Log column 10). The Summary (OSHA No. 102) should
have been completed by summarizing, separately, occupational injuries (code 10) and the
seven categories of occupational illnesses (code 21 through 29) according to instructions
on the back of the Summary form. Please remember that, if your employees' loss of workdays
is still continuing at the time the summary is completed, you should estimate the number
of future workdays they will lose and add this estimate to the actual workdays already
lost.
NOTE: All injuries which, in your judgment, required only First Aid Treatm ent, even when
administered by a doctor or nurse, should not be included on this report. First Aid Treat­
ment is defined as one-time treatment and subsequent observation of minor scratches, cuts,
burns, splinters, etc.

SECTION IX

Please complete all parts, including telephone number. Then
No. 103 form (but NOT your file copy) in the self-addressed envelope.

2



return

the

OSHA

OSHA No. 103
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Buroau of Labor Statistics
for tho Occupational Safoty
and Hoalth Administration

THIS REPORT IS M A N D A T O R Y UNDER PUBLIC LAW 9 1 - 5 9 6
IT WILL BE USED O NLY FOR AD M IN ISTR A TIV E A N D STATISTICAL PURPOSES

OMB APPROVAL NO. 44-R1492
A p p ro va l Expires December 1977

1976 OSHA NO. 103 FORM
Edit

I

A N N U A L O CCU PA TIO N A L INJURIES A N D ILLNESSES SURVEY
(C overing C a le n d a r Y e a r 1 9 7 6 )
COMPLETE THIS REPORT WHETHER OR N O T THERE WERE
A N Y RECORDABLE O C CU PA TIO NA L INJURIES OR ILLNESSES.
I

I.

ESTABLISHMENTS INCLUDED IN THIS REPORT

This
ated

re p o rt should in c lu d e o n ly those e sta b lish m e n ts lo c ­
in, or identified by, the Report Location or Identifi­
which appears below your m ailing address on this
form . Enter the number of establishments (see d e fin itio n on
page 1) included in this report:

cation

V.

READ INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE CO M PLETING THIS FORM
NATURE OF BUSINESS FOR 1 9 7 6

A. Indicate the general type of activity per­
form e d d u rin g 1 97 6 by the establishm ent(s)
in clu de d in this re p o rt (i.e ., m a n u fa c tu rin g ,
w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , c o n s tru c tio n ,
services, finance, etc.):

V II.

|

Complete and return only
THIS FORM within 3 weeks

SUPPLEMENTARY DATA O N JOB SAFETY A N D HEALTH

]

A.
If your establishment(s) had either a Federal or State OSHA compli­
ance inspection during calendar year 1976, please enter the month of the
first inspection.
(Leave this box blank)
B. (a) Do you provide medical examinations for your employees?

II.

III.

109



T O T A L HOURS WORKED IN 19 7 6

Enter the total number of hours actually worked by all employees
during 1976. DO NOT include any non-work
time even though
paid, such as vacations, sick leave, etc. Note: If employees worked
low hours during 1976 due to layoffs, strikes, fires, etc., explain
under comments (section IX)
........... .........................................
(Round to the nearest
____________________________
whole number)

IV .

OSHA

A N N U A L A V E R A G E EMPLOYMENT IN 1 9 7 6

Enter the average number of employees who worked during cal­
endar year 1976. Include all classes of employees, including sea­
sonal, temporary, part-time, etc. See instructions for examples of
computing your average employment.
(Round to the nearest
whole number)

B. Enter in order
of importance the
principal products

m a n u fa c tu re d , l i n ^ A

H

sp e cific

I

services, o r o th e r
d e s c rip tio n

H

specific activities B
for 1976.

1 U

TH

For each
entry, also
include the
approximate
percent of
total 1976
annual value
■ f production,
sales, or
receipts.

( 1 ) 0 No

(4) G Examination of employees returning to work after a lost time
job related injury or illness
(5) G Examination of employees upon termination of employment
(6) G Other (specify)--------------------------------------------------------------------C. Do you have an established safety and health training program? (Check as
many as apply)
0 No

(3) G Yes • training sessions for employees exposed to toxic substances
which exceed prescribed action levels

-----%

(3)-

(4) G Yes • scheduled employee meetings, quarterly or more often
(5) G Yes - informal, nonscheduled training by supervisors
(6) G Yes - Other (Specify)____________________________________ _ , , ..............

of service or support provided

(1) G Central administrative office
(2) □ Research, development, or testing

V I.

RECORDABLE INJURIES AND ILLNESSES

Did you have any recordable injuries or illnesses dur­
ing calendar year 1976? (Check one)

(3) G Storage (warehouse)

(1) G No - complete Section VII and Section IX

(4) G Other - Specify______________ !________________________________

(2) GYes • complete Sections VII, VIII and IX

REPORT LOCATION
OR IDENTIFICATION — ►

(3) G Periodic medical surveillance examinations

(2) G Yes • training for new employees

(2) D Y .i

If yes, indicate the primary type
(check as many as apply).

(1) G Pre-placement examinations of new employees
(2) G Periodic general medical examinations

(1 )

SUPPORT ACTIVITIES PERFORMED FOR OTHER
ESTABLISHMENTS OF YOUR C O M P A N Y

Does this report include any establishm ents) whose prim ary
function is to provide support activities or services exclusively
for other establishments of your company?

(2) G Yes

(I)GN o

(b) If yes, indicate the type of medical examinations provided any of your
employees. (Check as many as apply)

D. Enter the number of lost workday cases (not the number of lost workdays)
in your establishments) in 1976 which had 15 or more workdays away
from work. (Refer to column 9a of the log, OSHA No. 100)
|
|

V III. IN JU R Y A N D ILLNESS SU M M A R Y (Covering C a len d ar Y e ar 1 9 7 6 )

INSTRUCTIONS:

•

T h is s e c tio n
fro m

O SHA

m a y b e c o m p le te d
No.

1 0 0 ,"

b y c o p y in g d a t a f r o m

•

L e a v e S e c t io n V III. b la n k if t h e r e w e r e

•

Code 3 0

— A d d a ll O c c u p a tio n a l Illn e s s e s

C ode 31

— A d d O c c u p a tio n a l In ju r i e s (C o d e

•

t h r o u g h (8 ).

110



C SHA

N o . 1 0 2 , ''S u m m a r y , O c c u p a t io n a l In ju r i e s a n d Ill n e s s e s ," o r b y s u m m a r iz i n g t h e d a t a

L o g o f O c c u p a tio n a l In ju r ie s u n i Illn e s s e s ."
n o r e c o r d a b l e in ju r i e s o r illn e s s e s d u r in g
(C o d e 2 1 ,+

22

1 0 ) a n d th e

+ 23
sum

+ 24

+ 25

+ 26

1976.
+ 2 9 ) a n d e n t e r o n t h is lin e fo r e a c h c o l u m n (1 ) t h r o u g h (8 ).

a ll O c c u p a t io n a l Illn e s s e s (C o d e 3 0 ) a n d e n t e r o n t h is lin e fo r e a c h c o lu m n (1 )

Appendix C. State Agencies
Participating in the 1976
Survey

The 1976 survey was conducted in cooperation with
agencies in 44 States, the District of Columbia, Amer­
ican Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
which received operating grants. These agencies shared
half the cost with the Federal Government in collect­
ing, processing, and analyzing the survey data. Also,
national data for 3 of the 6 States which did not have
operational grants were collected by the Bureau of La­
bor Statistics and for the other 3, by State agencies in
New York, Ohio, and Texas under contract. Following
are the State agencies which participated in the annual
survey.
Requests for more detailed data by industry for the
States shown in this publication can be obtained direct­
ly from these agencies or by contacting the Bureau of
Labor Statistics’ Regional Office which services your
area. Addresses and telephone numbers of the Region­
al Offices are found on the back cover.
Alabama Department of Labor
Alaska Department of Labor
American Samoa Department of Manpower
Resources
Arizona Industrial Commission
Arkansas Department of Labor

Maryland Department of Licensing and Regulation
Massachusetts Department of Labor and Industries
Michigan Department of Labor
Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry
Mississippi State Board of Health
Missouri Department of Labor and Industrial
Relations
Montana Department of Labor and Industry
Nebraska Workmen’s Compensation Court
Nevada Department of Industrial Safety
New Hampshire Department of Labor
New Mexico Health and Environment Department
North Carolina Department of Labor
North Dakota Workmen’s Compensation Bureau
Oklahoma Department of Health
Oregon Workers’ Compensation Department
Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry
Puerto Rico Department of Labor and Human
Resources
Rhode Island Department of Labor
South Carolina Department of Labor
South Dakota Department of Health

California Department of Industrial Relations
Colorado Department of Labor and Employment
Connecticut Department of Labor
Delaware Department of Labor
District of Columbia Department of Labor

Tennessee Department of Labor
Utah Industrial Commission
Vermont Department of Labor and Industry
Virgin Islands Department of Labor
Virginia Department of Labor and Industry

Florida Department of Labor and Employment
Security
Guam Department of Labor
Hawaii Department of Labor and Industrial Relations
Idaho Industrial Commission
Indiana Division of Labor

Washington Department of Labor and Industries
West Virginia Department of Labor
Wisconsin Department of Industry, Labor and
Human Relations
Wyoming Department of Labor and Statistics

Iowa Bureau of Labor
Kansas Department of Health and Environment
Kentucky Department of Labor




Louisiana Department of Labor
Maine Department of Manpower Affairs

111

Appendix D. Glossary of Term s

Average lost workdays per lost workday case

The number of workdays lost divided by the number of lost
workday cases.

Cooperative program

A program jointly conducted by the States and the Federal
Government to collect occupational injury and illness
statistics.

Employment-size group

A grouping of establishments with a specified range of
employment.

Incidence rate

Mean. Number of injuries and/or illnesses, or lost workdays
experienced by 100 full-time workers. The rate is calculated
as:
N x 200,000, where
EH
N = number of occupational injuries and/or illnesses, or lost
workdays
EH = total hours worked by all employees during calendar
year
200,000 = base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (work­
ing 40 hours per week, 50 weeks 'per year).
The fatality rate, however, represents the number of
fatalities per 1,000 workers.
Median. Incidence rate is the middle measure in the
distribution—
one-half of the establishments have an inci­
dence rate more than and half less than the median rate.
Middle range. (Interquartile) is defined by two measures—
one-fourth of the establishments have a rate less than the
first quartile and one-fourth a rate more than the third
quartile rate.

Lost workday cases

Cases which involve days away from work, or days of
restricted work activity, or both.
(1) Lost workday cases involving days away from work
Those cases which result in days away from work,
or a combination of days away from work and days
of restricted work activity.
(2) Lost workday cases involving restricted work activity
Those cases which result in restricted activity only.

Lost workdays

The number of workdays (consecutive or not) the employ­
ee was away from work or limited to restricted work
activity because of an occupational injury or illness.
(1) Lost workdays-away from work
The number of workdays (consecutive or not) on
which the employee would have worked but could
not because of occupational injury or illness.




112

Lost workdays—
Continued

(2) Lost workdays-restricted work activity
The number of workdays (consecutive or not) on
which, because of injury or illness: (1) the employee
was assigned to another job on a temporary basis, or
(2) the employee worked at a permanent job less than
full time, or (3) the employee worked at a perma­
nently assigned job but could not perform all duties
normally connected with it.
The number of days away from work or days o f restricted
work activity does not include the day of injury or onset
of illness or any days on which the employee would not
have worked even though able to work.

Medical treatment

Includes treatment administered by a physician or by
registered professional personnel under the standing orders
of a physician. Medical treatment does not include firstaid treatment (one-time treatment and subsequent obser­
vation of minor scratches, cuts, bums, splinters, and so
forth, which do not ordinarily require medical care) even
though provided by a physician or registered professional
personnel.

Occupational illness

Any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one
resulting from an occupational injury, caused by exposure
to environmental factors associated with employment. It
includes acute and chronic illnesses or diseases which may
be caused by inhalation, absorption, ingestion, or direct
contact, and which can be included in the categories listed
below. The following categories were used by employers
to classify recordable occupational illnesses:
(21) Occupational skin diseases or disorders
Examples: Contact dermatitis, eczema, or rash
caused by primary irritants and sensitizers or
poisonous plants; oil acne; chrome ulcers; chemi­
cal bums or inflammations; etc.
(22) Dust diseases of the lungs (pneumoconioses)
Examples: Silicosis, asbestosis, coal worker’s
pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, and other pneumo­
conioses
(23) Respiratory conditions due to toxic agents
Examples: Pneumonitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis or
acute congestion due to chemicals, dusts, gases,
or fumes; farmer’s lung; etc.
(24) Poisoning (systematic effects of toxic materials)
Examples: Poisoning by lead, mercury, cadmium,
arsenic, or other metals; poisoning by carbon
monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, or other gases; poi­
soning by benzol, carbon tetrachloride, or other
organic solvents; poisoning by insecticide sprays
such as parathion, lead arsenate; poisoning by
other chemicals such as formaldehyde, plastics,
and resins; etc.
(25) Disorders due to physical agents (other than toxic
materials)
Examples: Heatstroke, sunstroke, heat exhaustion,
and other effects of environmental heat; freezing,
frostbite, and effects of exposure to low tempera-




113

Occupational illness—
Continued

tures; caisson disease; effects of ionizing radiation
(isotopes, X-rays, radium); effects of nonionizing
radiation (welding flash, ultraviolet rays, microwaves, sunburn); etc.
(26) Disorders due to repeated trauma
Examples: Noise-induced hearing loss; synovitis,
tenosynovitis, and bursitis; Raynaud’s phenomena;
and other conditions due to repeated motion,
vibration, or pressure.
(29) All other occupational illnesses
Examples: Anthrax, brucellosis, infectious hepa­
titis; malignant and benign tumors, food poisoning,
histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, etc.

Occupational injury

Any injury such as a cut, fracture, sprain, amputation,
etc., which results from a work accident or from exposure
involving a simple incident in the work environment.

Occupational injuries and illnesses

Any occupational injuries or illnesses which result in:
(1) Fatalities, regardless of the time between the injury
and death, or the length of the illness; or
(2) Lost workday cases, other than fatalities, that result
in lost workdays; or
(3) Nonfatal cases without lost workdays, which result
in transfer to another job or termination of employ­
ment, or require medical treatment, or involve loss
of consciousness, or restriction of work or motion.
This category also includes any diagnosed occupa­
tional illnesses which are reported to the employer
but are not classified as fatalities or lost workday
cases.

Report form

Refers to survey form OSHA No. 103 which is completed
and returned by the selected sample unit.

Standard industrial
classification (SIC)

A classification system developed by the Office of Statisti­
cal Standards, Office of Management and Budget, Executive
Office of the President, for use in the classification of
establishments by type of activity in which engaged. Each
establishment is assigned an industry code for its major
activity which is determined by the product or group of
products, or services rendered. Establishments may be clas­
sified in 2-digit, 3-digit, or 4-digit industries, according to
the degree of information available.

State (when mentioned
alone)

Refers to a State of the United States, the District of Co­
lumbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the
Virgin Islands.




114

☆

U . S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1 9 7 9

0 — 2 8 1 -4 1 2

(6 6 )

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Regional Offices

Region I

1603 JFK Federal B uilding
G overnm ent C enter
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: (617) 223-6761

Region IV

1371 Peachtree Street, NE
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone: (404) 881-4418
Region V

Region II

Suite 3400
1515 Broadw ay
New York, N Y 10036
Phone: (21 2)3 99-5 40 5
Region III

3535 M arket S treet
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone. (215) 596-1154




9th Floor
Federal O ffice B uilding
230 S Dearborn S treet
Chicago, III 60604
Phone: (312)353-1880

Regions VII and V III*

911 W alnut Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: (816) 374-2481
Regions IX and X **

450 G olden Gate Avenue
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone: (415) 556-4678

Region VI

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square B uild ing
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: (214) 749-3516

* Regions VII and VIII are serviced
by Kansas City
“ Regions IX and X are serviced
by San Francisco


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102