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a »'s. "o a o i o Area Wage Survey  S' 3-  Miami, Florida, Metropolitan Area October 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-53   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Miami  SOUTHWEST MISSOURI STATE oNIVtRSiTY LIBRARY U.S DEPOSITORY COPY  M 2. 6 rv-o  Preface This bulletin provides results of an October 1981 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Miami, Fla., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Atlanta, Ga., under the general direction of Jerry G. Adams, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: A report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Miami area is available for the nursing and personal care facilities (May 1981) industry. A similar report for the moving and storage industry (October 1981) is available for the Miami-Key West area. Also available are listings of union wage rates in Miami for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington, D.C, 20402. GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $3.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents. G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y. Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif. Atlanta, Ga. Baltimore, Md. Billings, Mont. Boston, Mass. Buffalo, N.Y. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga. Chicago, III. Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind. Cleveland, Ohio Columbus, Ohio Corpus Christi, Tex. Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—III. Dayton, Ohio Daytona Beach, Fla. Denver—Boulder, Colo. Detroit, Mich. Fresno, Calif. Gainesville, Fla. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind. Green Bay, Wis. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C. Greenville,—Spartanburg, S.C. Hartford, Conn. Houston, Tex. Huntsville, Ala. Indianapolis, Ind. Jackson, Miss. Jacksonville, Fla. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif. Louisville, Ky.—Ind. Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss. Miami, Fla. Milwaukee, Wis. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y. Newark, N.J. New Orleans, La. New York, N.Y-N.J. Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C. Northeast Pennsylvania Oklahoma City, Okla. Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa ■ Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J. Pittsburgh, Pa. Portland, Maine Portland, Oreg.—Wash. Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass. Richmond, Va. St. Louis, Mo —Ilf. Sacramento, Calif. Saginaw, Mich. Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah San Antonio, Tex. San Diego, Calif. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. San Jose, Calif. Seattle—Everett, Wash. South Bend, Ind. Toledo, Ohio—Mich Trenton, N.J. Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va. Wichita, Kans. Worcester, Mass. York, Pa.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  In response to requests from librarians and other users, the Bureau of Labor Statistics now makes area wage publications available through a money-saving, one-year subscription.  Area Wage Surveys Now Available by Subscription  Area Wage Surveys report on earnings and benefits in major metropolitan areas. The bulletins cover office, professional, and technical, as well as maintenance, custodial, and material movement occupations in the areas listed on this page. Order from: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402  Order Form  □  Enclosed is a check or money order payable to Superintendent of Documents.  Area Wage Surveys: about 70 publications, $90*  □  Charge to my GPO account no.  □  Charge to MasterCard. Account no.  Expiration date  □  Charge to Visa.  Expiration date  Name Organization (if applicable) Street address 'For mailing outside U.S., add $22.50.  City, State, ZIP Code  Account no.  Area Wage Survey  Miami, Florida, Metropolitan Area October 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner December 1981 Bulletin 3010-53   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <SnTQ*.  Page  Page Introduction..............................................................................  2  A-14.  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers.................. . A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.......................................... . A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.............................................................. . A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ . A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers.......................................... . A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.............................................................. . A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups.................... . A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations................ . A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations.................................................... . A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations .............................. . A-11. Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations.................................................... .  Tables—Continued  A-15. 3 A-16. 5 A-17. 7  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.................................. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................... Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.................................................................  18 19 19  20  9 10  11 12 12  13  14  14  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................... 15 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............................................ 17  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks............................................ B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers............................................................... B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of fulltime first-shift workers.................................... B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .... B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers.............................................................. B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers.............................................. B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers...............................................................  21  22 23 24 25 28 29  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey...................................... 31 B. Occupational descriptions.......................................... 37 C. Job conversion table.................................................... 49  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g. accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details. B-series tables  The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation. Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range1  120 and 130  Transportation and utilities.....  Transportation and utilities.....  Transportation and utilities.....  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  3,429 494 2,935 627  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  280.50 266.00 283.00 339.00  270.50 260.00 274.00 339.00  307.50 295.00 310.00 394.00  _  _  -  _ -  1 1 "  34 34 -  81 10 71 -  270 36 234 2  401 106 295 25  528 90 438 50  583 76 507 70  471 62 409 66  395 52 343 59  188 47 141 69  143 7 136 22  113 5 108 96  40 2 38 23  80 1 79 77  66 66 38  21 21 16  3 “ 3 3  11  _ _ -  324 52 272  39.0 40.0 39.0  229.00 226.50 229.50  225.00 200.00- 249.50 225.00 211.50- 236.00 225.00 200.00- 251.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  26 26  29 2 27  70 18 52  95 28 67  42 1 41  30 30  -  17 3 14  -  14 14  -  -  -  -  -  “ -  ■ -  1,020 160 860  39.5 40.0 39.5  256.00 251.00 257.00  250.00 230.00- 280.00 245.00 231.00- 266.50 251.50 230.00- 280.00  _  _  -  -  6 6  40 8 32  149 11 138  155 40 115  219 48 171  193 29 164  140 12 128  66 6 60  21 5 16  _ -  1 1 -  _ -  30 30  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ ■ -  939 191 748 145  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  285.50 269.00 290.00 353.50  279.50 267.00 284.00 375.50  257.00244.00259.50324.50-  .  -  -  -  -  29 7 22 2  92 33 59 1  155 38 117 “  194 41 153 9  169 36 133 19  149 25 124 4  49 6 43 17  19 4 15 13  47 47 45  14 1 13 13  16 16 16  4 4 4  1 1 1  _  _ -  ■  1 1 1  _ -  4  34 3 31  83 2 81  104 6 98  111 12 99  108 11 97  72 25 47  60 60  10 1 9  10 10  31 1 30  23 23  16 16  3 3  8 8  240.00236.00245.50280.50-  301.50 288.50 310.00 379.00  -  39.0 40.0 39.0  310.50 305.00 311.00  300.00 268.50- 339.00 313.50 280.00- 330.00 299.50 266.50- 340.00  _ _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  255 225  38.5 38.5  345.50 348.50  345.50 309.50- 367.00 350.00 310.00- 382.50  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 -  17 16  19 19  17 15  23 16  43 32  23 20  50 47  16 15  3 3  39 39  1 1  _ -  2 2  187 167  38.5 38.5  276.00 278.50  257.00 234.00- 333.00 262.00 234.00- 333.00  _  -  -  -  2 2  21 21  10 10  30 24  37 25  11 11  18 16  7 7  17 17  17 17  4 4  5 5  5 5  3 3  _ -  _ -  _ -  72 64 50  39.0 39.0 39.0  307.50 314.50 337.00  302.00 234.00- 351.00 325.00 254.00- 356.50 351.00 290.00- 367.50  .  .  - -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 1  20 14 -  2 2 2  8 8 8  5 3 3  3 3 3  3 3 3  17 17 17  2 2 2  3 3 3  5 5 5  3 3 3  ~  '  "  1,230 114 1,116  39.0 40.0 39.0  201.50 193.50 202.50  196.00 175.00- 220.00 188.00 175.00- 201.00 196.50 175.00- 223.00  _ _  2 _ 2  15 15  12 6 6  313 33 280  330 32 298  247 27 220  130 13 117  99 1 98  47 47  13 1 12  6 6  3 3  8 1 7  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  192.50 190.00 193.00  180.00 170.00- 200.00 185.00 170.00- 216.00 180.00 170.00- 200.00  221 20 201  93 12 81  13 10 3  50 1 49  _  _  1  5  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  260 27 233  _  _ -  6 6 -  38  _ -  38  -  -  -  1  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  53 47  109 97  154 139  117 114  49 49  9 9  13 12  6 6  3 3  7 6  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ "  _ “  _ “  _ "  _ “  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  '  '  39.0 40.0 39.0  _  -  4  543 505  39.0 39.0  213.00 214.00  209.00 210.00  195.50- 230.50 196.50- 230.50  _  2 2  15 15  6 6  Transportation and utilities.....  532 483 ' 38  39.0 39.0 39.5  173.50 174.50 206.50  168.00 149.50- 185.00 170.00 149.00- 185.50 200.50 140.00- 289.00  2 2 2  23 23 5  111 97 11  54 47 -  166 144 -  93 90 1  42 42 6  2 2 “  22 19 “  3 3 “  6 6 6  1 1 1  7 7 6  39.0 39.0 39.5  169.00 170.00 204.00  161.00 149.50- 179.50 168.00 150.00- 180.00 199.00 140.00- 289.00  2 2 2  23 23 5  81 67 11  49 42 -  160 138 -  66 66 1  23 23 6  -  -  6 6 6  -  -  3 “  -  Transportation and utilities.....  419 373 37  6 6 6  39.5 39.5 39.0  180.50 180.50 221.50  174.50 160.00- 192.00 174.00 156.50- 199.50 222.50 170.00- 236.00 .  _ _ ~  7 7  Transportation and utilities.....  208 185 26  18 18 -  22 22 -  87 69 9  29 26 1  20 19 2  11 10 8  5 5 “  6 6 3  1 1 1  2 2 2  268 254  39.0 39.0  179.00 177.50  176.00 154.50- 194.00 170.50 154.50- 190.00  _ -  17 17  70 70  82 80  58 551  22 19  8 3  4 3  2 2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  ~  11 11  677 61 616  687 76 611  Nonmanufacturing.....................  480 and over  3  1 1  2 2  1 1  ' -  “  -  1 1  “  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in dol ars)*  Mean3  Median3  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range3  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  480 and over  Switchboard operatorNonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities..... Order clerks......................................  Order clerks I................................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Order clerks II............................... Nonmanufacturing......................  Accounting clerks I....................... Manufacturing.............................  570 169 401 44  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  200.50 193.00 203.50 255.00  190.00 190.00 190.00 230.00 180.00- 289.00  771 205 566  40.0 40.0 40.0  224.50 229.50 222.50  226.00 236.00 215.00- 241.00 220.00  483  40.0 40.0 40.0  215.50 227.00 210.50  220.00 180.00- 236.00 236.00 225.00- 236.00 202.00 165.00- 235.00  335 288 57 231  40.0 40.0 40.0  240.00 237.50 240.50  233.00 245.00 189.00- 260.00 229.00 220.00- 266.00  3,914 622 3,292  39.5 40.0 39.0  237.50 217.00 241.00  220.00 190.00- 270.50 215.50 194.00- 235.00 223.50 190.00- 280.00  346 98 248  39.5 40.0 39.5  187.00 184.50 188.00  185.00 166.00- 200.00 179.00 175.00- 195.00 185.00 165.00- 201.50  Accounting clerks II....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanutacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,847 334 1,513 228  39.5 40.0 39.5 38.5  210.50 212.00 210.50 246.50  204.00 176.00- 237.00 211.50 194.00- 231.00 200.00 235.00 200.00- 293.50  Nonmanufacturing......................  1,056 155 901  39.5 40.0 39.0  246.00 233.00 248.00  234.50 210.00- 274.00 227.50 217.00- 251.50 237.00 210.00- 280.50  Accounting clerks IV..................... Nonmanufacturing......................  665 630  38 5 38.5  324.50 326.50  335.00 280.00- 367.00 335.00 283.50- 367.00  Payroll clerks....................................  294 104 190  40 0 40.0  229.00 223.50 232.00  224.50 200.00- 258.00 218.50 200.00- 246.50 230.00 200.00- 260.00  1,308 219 1,089 208  39.5 40 0 39.5 38.5  214.50 206.50 216 00 267.50  204.50 186.00202.00 192.50205.00 181.50259.00 236.00-  828 147 681 40  39.5 40.0 39 5 38.5  203.50 199.00 251.50  200.00 180.00- 220.00 200.00 190.00- 209.00 199.50 180.00- 220.00 220.00 210.00- 296.50  480 72 408  39.0 40.0 39.0  234 00 222.00 236.00  228.50 199.50- 256.50 226.00 202.00- 231.00 235.00 196.00- 263.00  Transportation and utilities..... Manufacturing............................. Transportation and utilities..... Key entry operators II.................. Nonmanufacturing......................  240.00 220.00 245.00 299.00  10  -  54 12 42  113 32 81 4  153 57 96 16  81 45 36  59 13 46 6  58 58  19  120 12 108  80 34 46  61 8 53  279 95 184  117 9 108  62 16 46  20 5 15  18 18 ~  -  19  “ 19 19 21 1 20 1 6 -  14  _ -  163 14 149  466 74 392  56 22 34  4 4 -  41 3 38  92 3 89  23 3 20  505 98 407  688 142 546  482 151 331  44 11j 33  27 5 22  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  7 2 5  42 7 35  19 19  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _  18  -  -  19  -  -  _  _  _  _  18  -  -  19  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  38 18 20  5 5  7 2 5  42 7 35  -  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _  451 72 379  283 45 238  202 14 188  115 4 111  153 4 149  88 2 86  177 177  85 1 84  27 27  7 _ 7  1 _ 1  _ _  -  _  13  5  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  13  5  1  _  _  _  _ _ _  _  5  _  _ -  5 ♦5 _  _ _  _  _ _  _  .  __  -  -  -  -  -  _  378 98 280 27  219 81 138 48  235 46 189 33  114 11 103 4  28  13  56  9  1  2  -  -  -  -  -  28 8  13 9  56 45  9  1 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  22  83  256 33  22  76  213 64 149  136 20 116  103 24 79  96 4 92  50 3 47  38 38  21 21  34 34  -  2 2  1 1  1 1  _ _ -  _ _  10 10  23 22  67 61  61 51  77 67  52 51  59 55  58 56  142 142  83 82  25 25  6 6  -  _ -  _ -  21  -  -  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  187 92 95  “  317 59 258 47  21 8  -  23 23  -  313 31 282 4  -  -  42 22 20  -  148 8 140  13  -  79 25 54  6 6 ~  103 32  1  -  -  131 43 88  “ -  -  18 1  13 1 12 12  15 6 9  -  32 1  18  4  _  36 15 21  32 6 26  46 28  60 12 48  44 22 22  41 2 39  17 9 8  7 4 3  1 1 -  1 1 -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  3 _ 3  170 14 156 2  305 58 247 6  285 81 204 11  163 37 126 36  136 11 125 49  75 6 69 22  63 3 60 40  17 17 16  35 35 24  :  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  2 2 2  135 14 121 2  217 45 172 5  205 62 143 7  87  53 9 44 1  29 “ 29 1  25 1 24 8  3 ~ 3 3  17 17 6  -  ”  -  -  _  _  :  -  -  80 19 61  76 30 46  83  46  18  -  14  18  ”  “  -  -  2  40  ~  -  81  38 2 36  14  35  88 13 75  7  -  ~  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business).......................... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing...........  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Median2  Middle range2  349 80 269  39.5 40.0 39.5  486.00 479.00 488.00  493.50 436.00- 531.50 470.00 426.50- 518.50 499.00 438.00- 535.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II....................... Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing...............  202 57 145  39.5 40.0 39.5  473.00 477.50 471.00  471.00 433.00- 506.50 466.50 426.50- 499.00 476.00 436.00- 513.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III...................... Nonmanufacturing...............  106 93  40.0 40.0  543.50 545.00  542.00 518.50- 575.00 542.50 518.50- 575.00  917 849  39.5 40.0 39.5  421.50 394.50 423.50  405.50 345.50- 481.00 377.50 346.00- 440.00 408.00 345.50- 485.50  Computer programmers (business) I.................. Nonmanufacturing........  271 258  39.5 39.5  350.50 351.50  Computer programmers (business) II.................. Nonmanufacturing........  428 381  39.5 39.5  Computer programmers (business) III................ Nonmanufacturing........  218  Computer programmers (business). Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  Computer operators..................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing................... Transportation and utilities.. Computer operators I................ Nonmanufacturing................... Transportation and utilities..  68  210  711 78 633 218  101  200  180 Mean*  ar  200  _ -  220 240  220  260  240  280 300  280  260  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  300  _ -  320  _ "  _ -  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  2 1 1  9 _ 9  3 2 1  24 _ 24  11 4 7  47 18 29  29 9 20  33 11 22  84 17 67  58 8 50  33 6 27  12 3 9  4 1 3  2 2  18 _ 18  10 3 7  34 13 21  16 6 10  29 10 19  61 12 49  18 3 15  8 4 4  5 3 2  1 1 “  4 4  4 3  23 18  40 35  25 23  7 7  3 3 13 13  -  _ -  1 _ 1  _ -  22 _ 22  8 _ 8  48 1 47  47 10 37  70 5 65  88 13 75  47 5 42  95 6 89  74 4 70  58 5 53  59 3 56  60 60  83 12 71  73 4 69  41 41  30 30  338.00 300.00- 384.00 338.00 300.00- 385.00  -  22 22  8 8  33 32  21 18  59 55  41 38  16 15  23 22  9 9  7 7  4 4  7 7  11 11  7 7  2 2  _  -  1 1  _  -  ”  ' “  410.00 412.50  404.00 374.50- 441.50 404.00 374.50- 446.50  -  -  -  -  *  -  15 15  26 19  11 10  47 37  30 26  70 65  63 59  47 42  38 35  32 32  23 15  7 7  9 9  7 7  3 3  40.0 40.0  532.00 532.50  529.50 488.50- 567.00 531.00 486.00- 569.50  1 1  2 2  2 2  4 4  17 17  21 21  49 45  59 55  30 30  23 23  10 10  39.5 39.5 39.5  289.00 266.00 292.00 341.00  280.00 272.00 280.00 349.00  336.50 302.00 338.00 381.00  6 1 5 -  28 1 27 2  73 18 55 11  59 1 58 4  77 11 66 16  79 13 66 8  107 12 95 16  71 13 58 12  49 3 46 32  83 3 80 46  19 1 18 14  13 1 12 10  7 7 7  18 18 18  14 14 14  5 5 5  3 3 3  ”  -  “  "  39.5 39.5 39.0  250.50 252.50 289.50  240.00 214.00- 280.50 240.00 215.00- 288.00 291.50 240.00- 351.00  6 5 -  28 27 2  71 53 11  50 49 4  35 24 16  21 14 8  67 62 16  13 11 11  1 1 1  32 32 32  36 36  53 47  40 33  57 46  42 39  41 40  14 14  4 4  3 3  4 4  5 5  -  1 1  “  “  -  “  2 2 •  ”  ■  “  ”  18 18 12  ”  -  “  —  ~  -  -  '  ■  “  ”  40.0  240.00219.00240.00297.00-  _  .  ~  Computer operators II Nonmanufacturing...  39.5 39.5  307.50 308.50  302.50 273.00- 336.50 302.50 270.50- 340.50  -  -  -  8 8  Computer operators III.. Nonmanufacturing......  40.0 40.0  375.50 376.00  381.00 338.00- 433.00 381.00 335.50- 435.50  -  -  2 2  1 1  6 6  5 5  . -  1 1  6 6  10 8  5 4  9 8  4 4  14 14  9 9  5 5  40.0 40.0 40.0 39.0  289.00 251.00 316.00 359.50  270.00 220.00 318.50 351.00  350.00 290.00 359.00 432.00  10  37 18 19 -  54 40 14 1  97 86 11 1  32 3 29 8  44 17 27 2  50 18 32 7  28 10 18 -  40 11 29 2  54 3 51 15  19 3 16 1  23 2 21 -  21 14 7 1  10 10 4  4 4 1  4 1 3 "  39.5 40.0 39.0  231.00 217.50 257.00  220.00 200.00- 231.00 220.00 208.00- 220.00 256.00 190.00- 298.00  _  36 17 19  47 37 10  82 77 5  7 7  12 6 6  15 6 9  _  1  15  1  -  1  15  1  “  “  _  -  12 3 9  32 11 21  19 12 7  19 7 12  9 6 3  2 2 -  -  _ -  15 14 1  4 4  “  -  -  -  6 3 3  _  _  6 3 3  ~  “  -  -  3 3  6 6  _  .  15 15  9 6  29 24  19 18  12 9  2 -  _ -  -  1 1  1 -  12 12  -  -  Drafters.......................................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.. Drafters II................. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  220.00210.00259.00295.50-  Drafters III................ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  40.0 40.0 40.0  297.00 310.00 284.50  289.50 260.00- 313.00 299.00 267.50- 340.00 270.00 260.00- 308.00  Drafters IV................ Nonmanufacturing.. See footnotes at end of tables.  40.0 40.0  345.50 345.00  336.00 317.00- 360.00 336.00 304.00- 359.00   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  640 and over  _  10 -  5  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities..... Manufacturing............................. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  777  40.0  380.50  323.00 317.50- 480.00  245  40.0  520.00  546.50 480.00- 550.50  306 69  40.0 40.0  477.50 332.50  485.50 420.00- 546.50 358.00 276.50- 376.00  237  40.0  519.50  546.50 480.00- 550.50  58 50  39.5 40.0  398.50 376.50  380.50 345.50- 424.00 365.00 340.50- 423.50  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 160 and under 180  -  -  180  200  220  240  260  280  300.  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  over  -  -  -  -  1  11  16  135  -  -  -  -  15  8 8  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  2 2  9 9  10 10  -  -  -  -  6  199 -  90 -  19 -  21  12  11  22  4  86  148  •  -  -  -  10  1  86  148  -  -  -  11 1  1 “  “  “  140 _  “  -  -  1  -  86  140  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  14 14  11 11  -  -  -  10  1  6 6  11 11  7  -  8 3  -  -  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Average (mean2)  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  144 133 25  39.5 39.5 39.5  185.50 186.50 219.00  219  40.0 40.0  244.50 243.50  163  40.0  259.00  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks II:  Nonmanufacturing................................................  111  39.5  207.00  62 50  40.0 40.0  218.50 216.50  of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  39.5 40.0 39.5 38.5  203.50 198.50 204.50 251.50  of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  543 505  39.0 39.0  213.00 214.00  520 471  39.0 39.0 39.0  170.50 171.00 161.00  Transportation and utilities...............................  818 145 673 40  39.0 39.0 39.0  165.00 165.50 155.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  459 69 390  39.0 40.0 39.0  234.00 221.50 236.00  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Transportation and utilities..............................  407 361 25  Nonmanufacturing..................................-...........  64 52  39.5 39.0  169.00 165.50  267 254  39.0 39.0  179.00 177.50  262 67 195  39.5 40.0 39.5  495.00 486.50 498.00  564 163 401 44  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  200.50 193.00 203.50 255.00  150 101  39.5 39.5  482.00 480.50  40.0 40.0 40.0  216.00 227.50 209.50  87 76  40.0 40.0  546.50 548.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  535 188 347  597 551  39.5 39.5  438.00 440.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  410 145 265  40.0 40.0 40.0  216.00 226.50 210.00  125 121  39.5 39.5  358.00 359.00  125  40.0  215.50  3,413 560 2,853 746  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.0  234.50 214.50 238.50 310.50  296 260  39.5 39.5  415.00 417.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................  176 170  40.0 40.0  534.00 534.50  Computer operators.................................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................................  418 375  39.5 39.5  292.00 292.50  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Transportation and utilities..............................  159 141 30  39.5 39.5 38.5  240.50 238.00 289.50  192 171  39.5 39.5  306.50 308.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men Nonmanufacturing................................................ Transportation and utilities..............................  (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Transportation and utilities..............................  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.......................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Office occupations women  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business) II........................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................ Computer systems analysts  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  3,396 494 2,904  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  280.00 266.00 282.50 338.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  324 52 272  39.0 40.0 39.0  229.00 226.50 229.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,014 160 854  39.5 40.0 39.5  255.50 251.00 256.00  Manufacturing.......................... -......................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Transportation and utilities..............................  939 191 748 145  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  285.50 269.00 290.00 353.50  Manufacturing....................................................  90 236  40.0 39.5  185.00 184.50 185.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  677 61 616  39.0 40.0 39.0  310.50 305.00 311.00  Accounting clerks II............................................. Manufacturing.....................................................  38.5 38.5  345.50 348.50  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  210.00 211.00 210.00 246.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  255 225  1,687 307 1,380 205  179 159  38.5 38.5  278.00 281.50  Accounting clerks III............................................ Manufacturing.....................................................  861 137 724  39.0 40.0 39.0  247.00, 230.00 250.00  Computer operators II..........................................  Stenographers....................................-....................  72 64 50  39.0 39.0 39.0  307.50 314.50 337.00  38.5 38.5  321.00 323.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  67 63  40.0 40.0  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  539 513  371.50 372.00  Stenographers II..................................................  1,212 114 1,098  39.0 40.0 39.0  201.00 193.50 201.50  39.5 39.5 40.0  233.50 227.50 237.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  422 197 225  40.0 40.0 40.0  291.00 255.00 322.50  Nonmanufacturing.............................................  224 86 138  40.0 40.0  226.50 222.00  39.0 40.0 39.0  191.00 190.00 191.00  Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................. . Transportation and utilities............................ .  214 1,063 196  214.50 206.00 216.00 268.50  124  669 76 593  39.5 40.0 39.5 38.5  100 53  40.0 40.0  298.50 313.00  Secretaries II.........................................................  Transportation and utilities............................. Typists....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Typists I................................................................. Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Accounting clerks..................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Transportation and utilities.............................  7  Nonmanufacturing................................................  Computer programmers (business) I........................................................ Computer programmers (business) II........................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................ Computer programmers  Drafters II............................................................... Drafters III.............................................................. Manufacturing.....................................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued Average (mean2) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Drafters IV.........................................................  of workers  93 79  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  40.0 40.0  347.00 346.50 381.50  Nonmanufacturing: Electronics technicians II.................................... Electronics technicians III..................................... Manufacturing....................................................  295 66 58 50  40.0  521.50  40.0 40.0  479.00 334.50  39.5 40.0  398.50 376.50  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business)................................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  52  39.0  446.50  320 298  39.5 39.5  390.00 392.00  Nonmanufacturing............................................  146 137  39.5 39.5  344.00 345.00  Computer programmers (business) II............................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  132 121  39.5 39.5  396.50 401.50  293 258 120  39.5 39.5 39.5  285.00 291.00 321.00  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)......................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Computer programmers  Computer operators................................................. 87 74  39.5 39.5  of workers  458.00 461.00  8  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Computer operators I............................................ Nonmanufacturing..................................... Transportation and utilities.....................  165 137 71  39.5 39.0 39.0  260.50 267.50 289.50  Computer operators II....................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  116 109  39.5 39.5  309.00 309.00  123 94  39.5 39.5  282.50 300.50  39.0  242.00  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 4.00 and  5.20  4.80  4.40  5.20  4.80  4.40  6.00  5.60 6.00  5.60  6.80  6.40  6.40  7.20  7.20  6.80  8.00  7.60  8.40  8.00  7.60  8.80  8.40 8.80  9.20  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80 11.20 11.60  9.60  10.00 10.40  10.80  11.20 11.60  12.40 13.20 14.00 and 13.20 14.00 over  12.40  78 55  10.22 11.19  10.68 7.31-13.66 13.27 8.80-13.66  _  _  3 3  _  _  -  -  6 6  6 3  3 -  6 -  4 -  5 2  _ -  1 -  1 -  2 2  -  2 2  2 -  -  7 7  2 2  28 28  169 99 70  9.99 9.31 10.97  10.20 8.30-11.04 9.75 7.76-10.50 11.07 8.89-13.66  -  -  -  -  -  10 3 7  16 16 -  4 4 -  4 4 -  11 6 5  3 3 -  9 2 7  2 1 1  14 12 2  14 14 -  30 30 -  23 23  4 2 2  2 2 -  2 2  21  -  81 67  6.96 6.82  5.25 4.75- 8.50 5.00 4.75- 6.75  7 7  24 24  7 7  7 7  3 -  4 3  3 3  1 -  2 -  _  1 -  2 2  6 -  _  _ -  _ -  -  1 1  -  ~  2 2  11 11  -  -  156 64  11.41 8.28  13.66 8.32-13.66 8.24 7.00- 9.17  14 14  1 1  4 4  1 1  -  -  8 8  7 7  2 -  -  88 ■  -  -  5 5  2  -  4 4  _  -  11 11  _  _  3 3  _  _  6 6  414 309  9.14 8.92  10.30 7.50-10.49 9.50 7.25-10.30  -  -  6 6  3 3  -  24 9  32 32  20 20  32 23  5 5  24 11  32 32  3 3  22 22  1 1  92 92  44 44  57 -  15 6  -  ~  9.93 9.43 9.98 10.24  9.51-10.32 8.16-10.32 9.51-10.00 9.51-11.43  -  "  1 1 1  24 2 22 22  7 7 7  13 6 7 2  11 3 8 8  46 4 42 2  7 2 5 4  11 2 9 9  19 19 7  304 2 302 270  32 1 31 13  40 26 14 14  17 12 5 3  2 2 *  31 31 31  37  -  1 1 1  12  -  Transportation and utilities.....  680 60 620 508  12 12  37 37  128 117 75  5.84 5.89 6.42  5.47 5.23- 6.40 5.47 5.23- 6.40 5.47 5.47- 8.39  15 15  1 -  12 9 “  60 58 43  5 -  1 1 ■  12 12 12  -  2 2  -  Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  -  10 10 10  10 10  145 145  8.76 8.76  8.90 7.35-11.00 8.90 7.35-11.00  -  -  -  -  15 15  9 9  4 4  11 11  7 7  9 9  -  "  6 6  -  -  Maintenance mechanics  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)...  9.51 10.29 9.51 9.51  _  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9  ■  ___  _  -  21  “ ” 54 " 54 54  -  " “  11 ~  28 28  14  -  -  -  28  14  -  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median1  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  3.20 and under 3.60  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40 10.80 11.20  12.00 12.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  12.80  T ruckdrivers...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  3,323 732 2,591 839  7.68 7.20 7.81 9.95  Truckdrivers, light truck................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  374 93 281  5.26 5.34 5.24  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,224 154 1,070 314  7.25 5.09 7.56 10.39  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  512  8.33  8.47 7.25-10.22  -  -  125  7.04  7.28 6.05- 7.28  -  -  -  7.31 6.52 7.60 12.12  5.60­ 9.22 5.49- 9.22 5.75­ 9.31 6.40- 12.76  -  -  5.00 4.50- 5.25 5.00 4.80- 6.13 5.00 4.50- 5.25  _ _ -  6.15 4.75 6.38 12.12  5.05­ 8.80 4.48- 5.72 5.50- 9.35 8.34- 12.76  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,153 103 1,050 400  8.77 6.26 9.02 10.51  Shippers............................................ Manufacturing.............................  220 152  5.86 5.99  Receivers.......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  302 69 233  6.06 5.57 6.20  5.50 5.00- 7.75 5.60 5.10- 6.00 5.50 4.95- 8.00  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  208 146 62  5.75 5.38 6.64  5.50 4.50- 6.10 5.25 4.50- 5.78 5.90 5.90- 7.50  Warehousemen................................ Manufacturing.............................  1,018 206  8.91 4.65  Order fillers....................................... Manufacturing............................. Non manufacturing......................  652 79 573  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  7.60 6.33 7.60 12.76  7.60­ 6.317.606.40-  9.80 6.48 0.03 2.86  5.60 5.25- 6.35 5.60 5.40- 6.53  2 2  81 46 35  305 69 236  246 47 199 19  163 40 123 29  _ _ -  12 12 -  109 9 100  141 32 109  2 2 -  54 34 20 -  181 60 121 -  7 -  -  _ _ -  -  268 47 221 53  238 80 158 73  128 40 88 58  91 21 70 10  184 46 138 66  33 14 19  23 13 10  10 10  20  -  22 3 19  74 9 65 9  94 10 84 9  170 4 166 13  115 22 93 27  32 3 29 9  60 4 56  -  13  23  42  10  -  -  111  -  10  20  -  10  -  -  60  -  -  3 3  13 13  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  41 1 40 40  91 55 36 36  73 24 49 49  21 7 14 10  _  20 5  18 3  7 7  38 38  53 53  32 7  5 4  13 6 7  -  ’ 23  184  42  10  3  299  122  107  36 7  42 3  10 10  3 3  299 299  122 122  20  -  -  -  1  1  1  1  _  .  _  _  _  42  14 2 12  6  31  42  10  3  158  4 -  7  3  10  3  158  4  23  15  19  59  15  39  18  148  -  -  -  _  _  -  7  5  4  9  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  11  456  7  17  55  -  102  4  -  -  -  141  11 6  456  118 ~  -  -  -  141  118  30 21  2 2  2 6  -  _  _  _  _  9 7 2  13 1 12  4  4  -  -  -  _  _  _  1 1  15  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _ -  _ -  18 12 6  51 49 2  9 9  44 37 7  31 11 20  6 6  7 7  10.29 6.00- 1.66 4.25 3.50- 5.40  92 92  2 2  24 12  32 9  51 30  40 21  9 2  35 17  53 12  1  6.23 4.74 6.44  6.55 4.95- 6.75 4.00 4.00- 5.40 6.55 5.20- 7.85  9  50 30 20  62 3 59  58 3 55  46 16 30  37  10  37  22 12 10  205  -  4 4 -  205  10  365 253  4.74 4.45  4.75 4.00- 5.75 4.00 3.90- 5.10  41 41  26 26  91 91  30 18  54 14  23 13  56 26  44 24  Material handling laborers................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,662 595 1,067 138  5.00 4.79 5.11 5.58  4.75 4.45 4.83 5.35  3.963.704.005.10-  6.10 5.50 6.10 5.75  244 129 115 -  177 70 107 -  216 95 121 -  220 48 172 24  112 35 77 29  150 99 51 47  25  328 47 281 19  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  649 117 532 185  6.02 5.26 6.19 6.35  6.05 4.75 6.45 5.50  5.134.005.205.25-  6.45 5.45 6.45 6.05  _ "  27 27 _ -  31 22 9 -  39 12 27 18  100 26 74 19  97 3 94 59  30  Guards............................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... See footnotes at end of tables.  3,052 189 2,863  4.12 4.52 4.09  3.76 3.50- 4.17 4.50 3.50- 5.26 3.75 3.50- 4.17  1174 56 1118  635 6 629  596 27 569  254 25 229  94 17 77  83 39 44  10  127  38 32  16  _   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  68  89 20  28  40 10 30  42  -  6  27  40  16  27  40  -  -  16  -  -  -  12  -  -  2  87  14 14  15  -  4  3 3  22  19  7 6  5  101 2 99  29  14  29  14  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  6  4  12  68  4  95 72 23  6  4  12 12  30 30  225 _ 225  67 7 60  29 5 24  27 7 20  -  _  -  -  -  11  2  11  2  —  68  42 13 29 29  _  100  29  49 16 33  _  110 56 54 14  32 9  43 6 37  25 7  67 12 55 21  34  2 2 -  _  485 17 468  41  3 _ 3  9  13.60  41 14  16 _ 16  17 6  10.80 11.20 12.00  28 2 26 12  -  12  -  -  12  15  53  12  15  53  -  14 -  -  -  -  14  4  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.20 and  Middle  3.60  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40 10.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  12.00  12.80  12.00 12.80  13.60  11.20  11.20  2,760 186 2,574  3.95 4.51 3.91  3.75 3.50- 4.09 4.50 3.50- 5.26 3.70 3.50- 4.00  1152 56 1096  629 6 623  580 27 553  174 25 149  59 14 45  53 39 14  37 7 30  15  20 7 13  _ -  11 11  _  10  -  _ -  _ -  15 15  15 15  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  4,288 503 3,785 207  4.14 4.49 4.10 8.71  3.55 4.24 3.50 9.23  3.353.503.358.29-  2194 135 2059 -  586 33 553 -  555 106 449 1  253 82 171 1  182 48 134 8  135 32 103 10  10 5 5 -  114 43 71 1  14 2 12 2  7 3 4 -  6 6 6  21 21 11  63 12 51 21  27 2 25 25  9  70 70 70  9  30 30 30  -  2 2  1 1 1  -  -  -  -  4.34 4.91 4.25 9.36  5  -  9 9  -  9 9  2  ~  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Miami, Fla., October 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance electricians: Nonmanufacturing............................................................  78 55  10.22 11.19  69  10.99  Maintenance painters............................................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................................  73 66  6.74 6.75  Maintenance machinists........................................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  150 58  11.44 8.05  674 54  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  1,162 154 1,008 293  7.09 5.09 7.39 10.38  509  8.33  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.......................................... Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.................................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Material handling laborers......................................................  Nonmanufacturing..................... ...................................... 1,153 103 1,050 400  8.77 6.26 9 02 10.51  194 132  5.86 6.07  284 61 223  6.01 5.64 6.12  156 94 62  5.74 5.15 6.64  910 196  8.83 4.51  641 70 571  6.27 4.84 6.44  262 182  4.76 4.54  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  1,573 511 1,062 138  4.89 4.45 5.10 5.58  649 117 532 185  6.02 5.26 6.19 6.35  177  4.51  174  4.51  2,771 412 2,359 165  4.29 4.42 4.26 8.79  103 71  4.69 4.23  1,505 79 1,426  3.85 4.29 3.82  Guards:  Maintenance mechanics  Transportation and utilities...........................................  508  9.93 9.33 9 98 10.24  Maintenance trades helpers.................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  125 114 75  5.82 5.86 6.42  145 145  8.76 8.76  Manufacturing...................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Truckdrivers........................................................................... Manufacturing........................ .......................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Transportation and utilities...........................................  3,252 726 2,526 815  7.63 7.23 7.75 9.93  87 281  5.40 5.24  Order fillers............................................................................ Manufacturing............. .....................................................  Manufacturing...................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  Guards I: Manufacturing................................................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners....;......................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.............................................. Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Miami, Fla., selected periods All industries Period”  Indexes (October 1977=100): October 1980.................................... October 1981.................................... Percent increases: November 1972 to November 1973 November 1973 to October 1974: 11-month increase....................... Annual rate of increase................ October 1974 to October 1975....... October 1975 to October 1976....... October 1976 to October 1977....... October 1977 to October 1978........ October 1978 to October 1979........ October 1979 to October 1980........ October 1980 to October 1981........  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  125.8 138.4  125.1 137.4  0 o  127.4 137.7  131.0 144.2  o o  (•> o  o «  o c)  7.6  c)  11.9  7.8  8.0  8.2  o  «  6.9  6.7  8.6 9.4 6.8 5.9 7.0 5.3 9.1 9.5 10.0  8.8 9.6 3.5 6.0 8.5 4.8 9.5 9.0 9.8  o o c) c) o o <•) o (*)  8.7 9.5 7.3 5.9 9.5 6.3 8.9 10.0 8.1  11.5 12.6 6.5 6.9 5.4 11.4 8.7 8.2 10.1  <•) p> 7.1 o c) o o p) o  o o 0 o o 6) C) C) P)  o c) c) <•> c) o c) o 0  o c) c) 4.4 6.6 7.6 c) (a) c)  13.0 14.3 6.0 4.3 6.2 13.4 6.4 8.4 11.1  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  See footnotes at end of tables.  Skilled mainte­ nance  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  130.8 145.3  125.5 138.2  123.9 135.8  («) o  7.5  c)  11.9  8.2  8.7 9.5 6.8 5.9 7.2 5.0 9.3 9.3 10.1  8.3 9.1 3.3 6.0 9.0 3.5 10.0 8.8 9.6  (a) (a) (•) («) («) («) («)  10.8 11.8  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  131.5 144.5  6.5 7.5 5.3 11.3 9.2 8.2  o  9.9  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Miami, Fla., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I.................. Secretaries II................ Secretaries III................ Secretaries IV............... Secretaries V................. Stenographers II............ Typists I......................... Typists II........................ File clerks I................... Messengers.................. Switchboard operators.. Switchboard operatorreceptionists............... Order clerks I................. Order clerks II................ Accounting clerks I....... Accounting clerks II...... Accounting clerks III..... Accounting clerks IV..... Payroll clerks................. Key entry operators I.... Key entry operators II....  Stenogra­ phers  Secretaries  File clerks  Typists  I  II  III  IV  V  II  I  II  I  100 117 122 138 155 0 c) 92 73 83 87  85 100 110 126 139 0 79 84 70 71 79  82 91 100 115 122 87 75 74 62 68 74  73 79 87 100 121 76 70 74 56 72 84  64 72 82 83 100 o 51 61 48 57 71  pt p> 115 132 p> 100 p> p> « p> p)  p> 126 134 143 196 p) 100 111 88 p) 109  108 119 135 136 163 pt 90 100 87 89 94  137 144 161 178 208 (a) 114 115 100 95 115  79 <•) c) 85 104 99 o 107 93 104  83 83 110 78 87 95 108 96 87 97  78 86 112 75 79 89 99 87 75 84  69 71 84 62 76 89 107 79 74 82  59 65  pi  94 p) p) n 111 122 p) 131 108 117  90 p>  111 125 p) 114 133 136 165 139 122 129  pi  53 68 76 p) 75 66 69  p) p) n p> 102 pi  p) 79 89  pi  92 103 115 133 117 104 109  occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 117 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 117 percent of (or 17 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Switch­ Switch­ board Messen­ board operator gers operators -recep­ tionists  Order clerks  Payroll clerks  I  II  I  II  III  IV  p> 121 117 141 154 p> p)  p) 91 89 119 p> p>  pi  p>  80  100  pi pi  115  100  (a)  pi  p>  118 129 134 160 190 p> p> 108 88 92 107  96 115 127 131 147 p> 90 97 75 92 87  101 105 112 113 132 98 82 87 74 78 86  p) 92 101 93  92 107 87 87  126 120 128 146 169 <a) 106 111 90 91  110 C)  (a)  (*)  (a)  86 84 100 73 97 106 101 96 82 p>  103 108 137 100 115 126 153 123 105 110  94 102 103 87 100 115 129 109 96 104  82 81 94 80 87 100 117 101 92 92  68 (a) 99 66 78 85 100 86 79 pj  121  142 148 138 177 C) (a)  112  105  115 127 134 119 140 (a)  (a)  100 90 111 100 116 119 109 93 97 92 108 114 106 98 128 116 122 123 (a) pi 143 147 134 130 117 115 109 97 102 92 113 98 109 99 more than) the earnings of Secretaries I.  pi  See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  12  Accounting clerks  pi  p> p> 75 61 70 p>  94 104 114 127 133 (a)  76 86  72 75 77 85 87 104 81 92 99 116  Key entry operators  107 115 133 135 151 127 92 96 82 92 103  96 103 119 123 144 113 85 92 78 88  102 91  100  109 122 96 105 109 127 109  92 100  100 111  101 (a)  91 96 109 (a)  100 90 100  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Miami, Fla., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Computer systems analysts (business) II  III  I  II  Computer systems analysts  I  II  III  II  III  IV  II  III 129  87  139  117  91  202  155  127  219  158  127  101  115  100  152  128  103  218  163  147  231  154  126  o  <*)  72  66  100  81  68  139  110  o  156  c)  «  <•)  85  85  78  123  100  82  170  132  117  178  115  102  o  104  122 59 76 86 56 87 98 o 97  100 50 62 72 n 0 <•) o 0  201 100 126 144 0 132 159 163 <•)  161 79 100 o 75 111 o <■) 125  139 69 c) 100 c) <•> <•) p) o  o o 133 o 100 149 163 <•) 181  o 76 90 0 67 100 122 <*> 130  o 63 c) 0 61 82 100 o 104  o 61 o o « o o 100 117  o c) 80 <•> 55 77 96 86 100  Computer programmers Computer programmers  146 97 110 72 46 49 91 61 65 0 68 79 64 43 46 65 0 63 0 80 78 <■) cl 99 117 o 78 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  III  100 Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers  Electronics technicians  Drafters  Computer operators  Computer programmers (business)  13  Table A-10.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Miami, Fla., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Mechanics Carpenters  Electricians  Maintenance carpenters.................. . 100 Maintenance electricians................. 100 Maintenance painters...................... . 98 Maintenance machinists.................. . C) Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................. . 86 Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................. f) Maintenance trades helpers............. 69 Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... f) See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Trades helpers  100 100 91 98  102 110 100 0  c) 102 o 100  116 102 (•) 102  C) 101 (*) <*>  145 («)  (•)  c)  «  98  0  98  100  c)  175  <•)  99 (*) C)  « cl o  o <‘> <■>  (•) 57 0  100 0 «  c) 100 C)  (6) C) 100  Table A-11.Pay relationships In establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Miami, Fla., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Truckdrivers Light truck  Truckdrivers, light truck............. Truckdrivers, medium truck....... Truckdrivers, heavy truck.......... Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........ Shippers..................................... Receivers................................... Shippers and receivers.............. Warehousemen......................... Order fillers................................ Shipping packers...................... Material handling laborers......... Forklift operators....................... Guards I..................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners..  100  o « o 110 86 107 107  o 83 82 0 72 79  Medium truck  o  100 « 104 97 83 93 114 0 95 68 100 81 81  Heavy truck  c)  pi 100 107 0 0 «  o <•) o 80  Shippers  Tractortrailer  91 103 « 0 100 97  c)  96 94 100  n  0 95 80  o  112 103 73 71  n <•) 76  98  90  « 89  o 77  (*)  93 77  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  Receivers  116 120 «  o  103 100 (‘) 100  (•) 85 74 82 81 81  Shippers and receivers 94 107  c) 105 0  o 100 94  («)  88 84  c)  99 85  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  c) o o o 97  120 106  <*> 0 121 100 93 88  117 114 118 108 100 93 <•) 92 90  122 146 124 131 141 136 120 127 113 108 1C0 107 102 96  Warehouse­ Order fillers men 93 88 <•) 125 89 100 106 100 83 84 79  (•>  92 81  c) o 86  (•) (8) 137  Guards I  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  *' («) 100 102 111  139 123  126 124  (6) (•) (•) (•) (•)  (a) (a)  112  107 123 101 109  Forklift operators  122  94 100  (a)  92  (a)  108 98  (a)  100 96  130 130 123 118 124 117 111  104 109 104 100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Miami, Fla., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Secretaries.................. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Secretaries I...  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean1  Median3  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 120 and under 130  130  150  140  140  150  180  160 180  160  200  200  220 240  220  260  240 260  280 300  280  1,898 372 1,526  39.5 40.0 39.5  278.50 263.00 282.00  264.50 236.00- 308.00 258.00 234.50- 287.00 270.00 238.00- 317.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  34 34  50 4 46  157 30 127  283 83 200  317 76 241  296 64 232  181  40.0  211.00  214.50 196.00- 229.50  -  -  -  1  26  24  52  48  22  8  240.00 220.00- 259.50 249.50 232.00- 270.00 234.00 217.50- 251.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  6 6  14 2 12  82 11 71  121 37 84  117 39 78  _ -  1 1 -  70 30 40  320  300  340  340  320  360  360  380  360  400  420  440  460  400  420  440  460  480  41 1 40  39 39  18 18  3 3  10 10  35 7 28  107 2 105  5 5 ■  _  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  “  -  56 16 40  14 6 8  9 4 5  47 47  7 1 6  13 13  1 1  1 1  “  —  225 51 174  155 31 124  102 21 81  60 29 31  27 12 15  13 6 7  100 33 67  136 32 104  115 33 82  25 2 23  480 and over  -  Secretaries II............ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  446 142 304  40.0 40.0 40.0  241.50 254.00 235.50  Secretaries III........... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  570 156 414  40.0 40.0 40.0  286.00 270.50 292.00  274.50 256.00- 300.00 264.50 248.00- 288.50 279.50 259.50- 307.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries IV.......... Nonmanufacturing..  476 450  39.0 39.0  313.00 313.50  298.50 265.00- 339.00 298.50 263.00- 339.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 4  30 30  62 60  76 73  72 66  75 67  52 47  11 11  10 9  9 9  25 24  23 23  16 16  3 3  8 8  Secretaries V........... Nonmanufacturing..  158 147  38.5 38.5  346.50 347.50  356.50 319.50- 367.00 366.00 314.50- 367.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  13 12  14 14  6 6  7 6  28 23  13 10  47 47  9 8  3 3  15 15  1 1  -  2 2  44  39.0  327.00  344.00 282.50- 352.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  1  -  2  8  3  3  3  17  2  -  5  -  -  -  -  214 200  39.5 39.5  210.50 209.00  204.00 172.00- 232.00 198.50 170.50- 232.50  _ -  2 2  8 8  6 6  49 49  39 37  32 27  35 31  19 18  7 7  6 5  4 4  -  2 1  5 5  -  “  ”  “  “  “  51  39.5  223.00  208.00 184.50- 225.00  -  -  -  -  9  14  10  7  3  2  -  -  -  1  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  Typists II................... Nonmanufacturing..  163 160  39.5 39.5  206.50 205.00  201.50 170.50- 233.50 198.00 170.50- 232.00  _ -  2 2  8 8  6 6  40 40  25 25  22 21  28 28  16 16  5 5  6 5  4 4  -  1 “  -  "  ~  -  "  *  '  File clerks.................... Nonmanufacturing..  177 152  40.0 40.0  167.50 168.00  160.00 149.00- 180.00 160.00 149.00- 183.50  _ -  18 18  31 26  27 23  46 33  33 30  19 19  2 2  -  -  -  -  “  “  *  -  -  ”  ~  -  "  File clerks I............... Nonmanufacturing..  119 97  40.0 40.0  155.50 154.50  150.00 145.00- 161.50 150.00 140.00- 160.00  _ -  18 18  31 26  22 18  40 27  8 8  Messengers................ Nonmanufacturing..  125 108  39.5 39.5  183.00 183.00  176.50 168.00- 184.50 176.50 164.50- 189.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  15 15  65 53  23 20  13 12  3 2  -  3 3  1 1  2 2  -  -  “  “  “  Switchboard operators.. Nonmanufacturing....  110 96  39.0 39.0  187.00 183.50  176.00 156.00- 195.00 170.00 154.50- 191.00  _  _ -  _ “  28 28  34 32  27 24  5 2  8 3  1 -  2 2  -  1 1  2 2  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.............  59  40.0  182.00  180.00 156.00- 197.00  -  -  10  10  8  17  4  5  3  1  1  Accounting clerks........ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  1,616 178 1,438  39.0 40.0 38.5  268.50 228.50 273.50  260.00 203.00- 335.00 227.00 205.50- 248.50 270.50 203.00- 339.00  _  _ -  -  -  21 1 20  51  -  51  152 12 140  146 21 125  149 39 110  133 44 89  156 34 122  115 18 97  120 4 116  82 1 81  Accounting clerks I... Nonmanufacturing..  130 110  40.0 40.0  189.50 190.00  182.50 165.00- 199.50 181.50 165.00- 199.50  _ -  _ -  7 6  9 9  48 40  33 27  4 2  10 7  13 13  5 5  1 1  Accounting clerks II.. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. See footnotes at end of tables.  482 74 408  39.5 40.0 39.0  218.00 214.50 219.00  200.00 172.00- 250.00 214.00 200.00- 230.00 199.50 | 170.00- 257.00  _  14  42  -  -  14  42  96 4 92  76 14 62  69 29 40  44 17 27  41 8 33  26 2 24  Stenographers: Stenographers II: Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.. Typists......................... Nonmanufacturing.. Typists I..   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  -  -  15  1 1  -  ”  *  * -  -  -  ■  '  -  '  -  1 1  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  130 1 129  64 2 62  177 177  85 1 84  27 27  7 7  1 1  ■  “ ■  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  15  10  46  -  1  2  -  -  15  10  46  "  1  2  . -  -  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e<arnings (in doll ars)‘  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  Accounting clerks III..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  450 60 390  39.0 40.0 39.0  263.00 238.00 266.50  254.50 220.50- 290.00 236.00 227.00- 253.50 261.00 219.50- 299.50  Accounting clerks IV....................  554  38.0  335.50  356.00 304.00- 367.00  -  -  -  _  _  -  _ -  _ _ -  ._  8  -  62 23 39  63 20 43  59 6 53  61 2 59  22  28  6  34  8  68 8 60  22  28  6  34  -  2  1  1  -  -  -  -  2  8  17  39  25  43  50  56  58  142  83  25  6  _  _  _  1  1  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  85  39.5  217.00  209.50  195.00- 235.00  -  4  -  -  10  13  27  10  9  3  5  1  1  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  689 105 584  39.5 40.0 39.5  217.00 203.50 219.50  205.00 206.00 205.00  180.00- 245.00 190.00- 220.00 177.50- 254.00  _ -  4 _ 4  17 1 16  18 5 13  127 8 119  118 29 89  119 35 84  78 23 55  83 3 80  40  43 1 42  17  25  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  367 67 300  39.5 39.5 40.0  198.00 197.50 198.00  194.50 199.50 190.50  169.50- 212.00 182.50- 209.00 169.50- 213.50  _ _ -  4 _ 4  17 1 16  18 5 13  93 8 85  73 22 51  87 22 65  26 5 21  21 3 18  Key entry operators II................... Nonmanufacturing......................  322 284  39.0 39.0  239.50 242.50  238.00 200.00- 270.50 245.00 199.50- 271.50  .  .  -  -  34 34  45 38  32 19  52 34  62 62  .  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  480 and over  35 1 34  _  Payroll clerks....................................  _ -  -  16  40  17  25  9  9 1 8  3  7  31 31  34 34  14 14  18 18  9  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Miami, Fla., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean’  Median"  Middle range2  Number of workers receivin 160 and under 180  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  Computer systems analysts (business)...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  167 51 116  40.0 39.5 40.0  501.00 487.50 507.00  499.00 445.50- 551.50 480.00 438.00- 535.50 503.50 453.50- 558.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II............................... Nonmanufacturing......................  84 56  39.5 39.5  480.50 475.50  466.50 438.00- 509.50 461.00 437.50- 506.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III.............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  69 56  40.0 40.0  543.50 546.50  542.50 510.00- 576.00 551.50 508.00- 578.50  Computer programmers (business).. Nonmanufacturing.......................  610 562  40.0 40.0  449.50 454.50  441.50 383.50- 517.50 449.50 389.00- 527.00  Computer programmers (business) I................................  161  40.0  383.00  355.50 333.50- 407.00  Computer programmers (business) II........................... . Nonmanufacturing.......................  259 232  40.0 40.0  427.00 432.50  422.50 389.00- 460.00 431.00 394.50- 461.50  Nonmanufacturing......................  190 182  40.0 40.0  537.00 537.50  535.50 500.50- 572.00 537.50 500.50- 573.50  349 311  39.5 39.5  324.00 328.00  324.00 279.50- 351.00 336.00 280.00- 359.50  3 2  8 7  6 5  15 14  19 16  38 33  31 22  41  Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer operators I................... Nonmanufacturing......................  106 95  39.0 38.5  285.00 290.00  291.50 241.50- 351.00 297.00 251.50- 351.00  3 2  8 7  6 5  7 6  11 8  10  17  Computer operators II................... Nonmanufacturing.......................  179 156  40.0 40.0  318.50 321.50  324.00 280.00- 349.00 324.00 279.00- 349.00  “  ■  '  8 8  8 8  28 25  14  Computer operators III..................  64  40.0  403.50  414.50 363.50- 438.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  10  118 62  39.5 40.0  320.00 286.00  308.00 260.00- 351.00 289.50 230.50- 332.00  -  4 4  6 5  10 9  8 -  14 11  13 6  7 7  13  18 3  55  39.0  359.50  351.00 295.50- 432.00  -  '  1  1  8 11  16  135  199  90  19  4 4  15 15  8 8  1 1  5 5  5 5  _ “  1 1  2 2  9 9  10 10  Computer programmers  Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities..... Electronics technicians.....................  -  “  ”  “  “  “  -  -  -  -  -  18  70  58  16  _ -  _ '  _ '  -  _  -  12 12  13 13  13  10  11  10 10  743  40.0  376.50  323.00 313.00- 480.00  -  280 63  40.0 40.0  480.50 330.00  516.00 480.00- 546.50 333.50 275.50- 380.00  _ -  50 50  40.0 40.0  376.50 376.50  365.00 340.50- 423.50 365.00 340.50- 423.50  -  -  2  1  . ____ :  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  640 and over  17  49 46  60  11  1  32 32  30  42  18  57  17  15 15  12  140 140  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Average (mean*) Sex,a occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men Messengers....................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Switchboard operators............................................. Non manufacturing............................................... 88 83  39.5 39.5  182.50 183.50  Office occupations women  Number of workers  109 96  Weekly Weekly hours' earnings (stand­ (in dollars) ard) 39.0 39.0  65  40.0  402.00  174 155  40.0 40.0  433.00 439.00  Computer programmers (business) III.................................. . Nonmanufacturing........................... .  151 145  40.0 40.0  539.00 539.50  Computer operators.............................. Nonmanufacturing........................... .  208 183  39.5 39.5  327.50 331.50  Computer operators II....................... Nonmanufacturing............................  107 91  40.0 40.0  318.00 321.50  59  40.0  182.00  Accounting clerks..................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,288 142 1,146  39.0 40.0 38.5  266.50 223.50 271.50  Accounting clerks I............................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  118 98  40.0 40.0  184.50 184.00  Accounting clerks II.............................................. Manufacturing.................................................... . Nonmanufacturing...............................................  414 59 355  39.5 40.0 39.0  214.00 214.50 214.00  Accounting clerks IV............................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................................  458 443  38.0 38.0  330.50 332.50  Computer operators III..................... ;  54  40.0  399.50  Drafters.................................................. Manufacturing...................................  86 53  40.0 40.0  328.50 292.50  Electronics technicians.........................  716  40.0  377.50  Electronics technicians II.................. Manufacturing...................................  269 60  40.0 40.0  482.50 331.50  Electronics technicians ill.................. Manufacturing...................................  50 50  40.0 40.0  376.50 376.50  Computer programmers (business)...... Nonmanufacturing............................  220 201  40.0 40.0  415.50 419.50  Secretaries I............................  181  40.0  211.00  Secretaries II........................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  446 142 304  40.0 40.0 40.0  241.50 254.00 235.50  Secretaries III.......................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  570 156 414  40.0 40.0 40.0  286.00 270.50 292.00  Payroll clerks.............................................................  70  39.5  217.50  Key entry operators.................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. '  665 103 562  39.5 40.0 39.5  217.00 203.00 219.50  Key entry operators I............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  357 65 292  39.5 39.5 39.5  197.50 196.00 197.50  Key entry operators II............................................ Non manufacturing...............................................  308 270  39.0 39.0  239.50 242.50  Secretaries V........................... Nonmanufacturing..................  158 147  38.5 38.5  346.50 347.50  Stenographers: Stenographers II: Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.  44  39.0  327.00  Typists.......................................... Nonmanufacturing..................  214 200  39.5 39.5  210.50 209.00  Typists I....................................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Computer programmers (business) II................................... . Nonmanufacturing........................... .  278.50 263.00 282.00  313.00 313.50  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Switchboard operatorreceptionists..........................................................  39.5 40.0 39.5  39.0 39.0  Number of workers  Computer programmers (business) I.....................................  1,873 372 1,501  476 450  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  187.00 183.50  Secretaries.................................. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  Secretaries IV.......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  Average (mean*)  Professional and technical occupations - men  Professional and technical occupations - women  223.00  Computer systems analysts (business).............................................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................................  128 87  39.5 39.5  508.00 512.00  Computer programmers (business) II.................................... Nonmanufacturing............................  85 77  40.0 39.5  414.00 419.00  490.00  Computer operators.............................. Nonmanufacturing............................  141 128  39.5 39.5  319.00 323.00  Typists II......................... ......... Nonmanufacturing..................  163 160  39.5 39.5  206.50 205.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II.......................................................  63  39.5  File clerks.................................... Nonmanufacturing..................  177 152  40.0 40.0  167,50 168.00  Computer systems analysts (business) III......................................................  54  40.0  548.50  Computer operators I........................  59  38.5  301.00  File clerks I................................ Nonmanufacturing..................  119 97  40.0 40.0  155.50 154.50  Computer programmers (business)......................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  390 361  40.0 40.0  469.00 474.00  Computer operators II....................... Nonmanufacturing............................  72 65  40.0 40.0  319.50 321.00  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Median*  Mean*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  73 58  '0.96 11.46  11.14 9.50-13.66 11.14 10.94-13.66  117  10.03  11.04 8.31-11.14  206 204 137  11.41 11.44 12.38  11.43 9.54-13.66 11.43 9.54-13.66 12.97 11.43-13.70  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics  4.80 and under 5.20  -  1 1 1  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80 11.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 -  1 -  4 -  2 -  3  7  5  5  15  -  -  2 2 2  3 2 2  3 3 2  1 1 1  1 1 1  -  7 7  -  -  -  12.80 13.20  12.00 12.40  11.60  11.60 12.00 12.40 12.80 13.20 14.00 2  21 21  -  _  2  _  _  _  20 20 20  54 54 54  11 11 11  10.00 10.40 10.80  11.20  23 23  4 2  2 “  "  “  .  57  15  _  _  5 5 3  2 2  31 31 31  _  _  -  -  2 -  2 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  3  2  1  2  18 18 6  32 32 -  22 21 3  _  “  14.00 and over  —-  —-  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.20 and under 3.60  4.00  3.60 4.00  4.40  5.20  4.80  4.40  5.20  4.80  6.00  5.60  6.80  6.40  6.00  5.60  6.80  6.40  7.20  8.00  7.60  7.20 7.60  8.40  8.40  8.00  8.80  8.80  9.20  9.20  9.60  12.00  12.80  9.60  10.00 10.40 10.80 11.20 12.00 12.80  13.60  713 685  9.59 9.73  9.71 8.34-11.13 9.80 8.59-12.12  _ -  _ -  2 -  35 33  6 3  8  Nonmanufacturing......................  1 -  5 ■  3 1  29 28  45 45  18 18  33 33  54 54  75 75  38 38  111 107  21 21  42 42  10 10  3 3  132 132  42 42  428 421  9.61 9.68  9.41 7.31-12.76 9.57 7.82-12.76  _ -  _ -  2 -  35 33  4 3  1 -  -  -  Nonmanufacturing.......................  2 1  24 24  40 40  12 12  24 24  32 32  17 17  28 28  4 4  16 16  42 42  10 10  3 3  132 132  *  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Nonmanufacturing......................  239 235  9.84 9.90  9.80 8.90- 9.80 9.80 8.90- 9.80  _ "  -  -  “  ~  -  1 “  2 —  -  5 4  5 5  6 6  2 2  17 17  53 53  -  102 102  4 4  -  -  -  -  42  Receivers..........................................  71  5.71  5.25 4.75- 6.40  -  3  2  16  11  9  8  3  6  2  4  2  -  1  -  -  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  1  -  -  -  -  12  -  -  -  -  5  101  29  14  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  3  49  4  4  6  4  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  3  49  4  4  6  4  '  1  35  7  1  3  11  35  7  1  3  22 9 13  27 20 7  5 5 -  22 21 1  4 2 2  3 3 “  6 6  11 11  21 21  27 2 25  9 9  30 ~ 30  -  ”  -  -  ~  Shippers and receivers.....................  59  5.87  5.45 4.57- 6.58  -  -  12  9  6  10  5  -  Warehousemen: Manufacturing.............................  52  4.68  4.75 4.05- 5.13  8  2  12  5  14  3  2  6  Order fillers.......................................  169  7.89  8.20 8.20- 8.45  -  1  9  4  -  4  2  30 15 15  57 7 50  36 14 22  43 14 29  15 11 4  18 14 4  “  3  8  16  11  3  8  16  173 21 152  123 52 71  85 45 40  Nonmanufacturing......................  ‘273 75 198  4.93 4.41 5.13  4.60 3.90- 6.35 4.43 3.79- 4.90 4.70 3.90- 6.65  Manufacturing.............................  84  5.07  5.23 4.79- 5.36  Manufacturing.............................  84  5.07  5.23 4.79- 5.36  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing.............................  702 201 501  5.48 4.65 5.81  4.35 3.77- 7.55 4.4C 4.01- 5.29 4.30 3.72- 8.61  Material handling laborers................  57 21 36  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  19  '  70 70  7 ■ 7  -  mSS,A™£ October  eamln9* 0f maintananca- ‘oolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more in  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance electricians................................................... Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................................................. Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).............................................. Nonmanufacturing.......................................................... Transportation and utilities...........................................  72 117 206 204 137  10.98  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Truckdrivers, medium truck..................... Nonmanufacturing.........................................  366 359  9.49 9.58  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.................................. Nonmanufactunng............................................  239 235  9.84 9.90  Receivers..............................................  59  5.30  Shippers and receivers..................................  55  5.90  10.03 11.41 11.44 12.38  Number of workers  Order fillers..............................................  167   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  648 620  9.52 9.67  Material handling laborers........................................ Manufacturing....................................  265 72  20  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Guards:  Guards 1: Manufacturing.......................................  78  5.06  78  5.06  552 156 396  5.52  150 105  5.31 5.70  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  occupations - men Truckdrivers............................................................ Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  4.92 4.44  Janitors, porters, and cleaners..............................  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Miami, Fla., October 1981 Other inexperienced clerical workers1  Inexperienced typists Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  All industries  Establishments having a specified  $130.00 and under $135.00............................. ...................................... $135.00 and under $140.00................................................................ —  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  industries  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  198  68  XXX  130  XXX  XXX  198  68  XXX  130  XXX  XXX  29  7  7  22  15  6  69  21  20  48  37  11  .  _  3 1 2 2  -  1 4 2 5 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 -  1 4 2 5 1 1 3 1 1 -  1  2  -  -  1  _ 1  -  4  3  2  _  _  -  -  -  1 1 2  1 1  1 1 -  _  _  -  1 1 1  _  _  2 1  _  _  -  _  _  2 1 1 1  1 1  1  -  17  9  XXX  8  XXX  XXX  57  30  XXX  27  XXX  XXX  152  52  XXX  100  XXX  XXX  72  17  XXX  55  XXX  XXX  Establishments having no specified Establishments which did not employ  1 1  1 1  3 1 2 2 2  -  1  _  _  -  -  -  1  1  _  -  3 1  1 -  2 1  _  1  _  1  See footnotes at end of tables.  21  *  2 8 2 9 2 6 2 5 3 “ 2 2 " 1 2 1 -  2 6 * 3 13 4 11 2 6 4 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1  3 2 2 3 3 4 1   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Nonmanufacturin  Manufacturing  _  -  1  8 1 9  1  1 4  1 1 1  “ 1  1  ~ ” 1 ” " 1  ~ ~ ~  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shlft pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent) All workers*  Item  Second shift  Workers on late shifts Third shift  Second shift  Third shift  Percent of workers In establishments with late-shift provisions..........................................  51.2  28.2  With no pay differential for late-shift work...................................................... With pay differential for late-shift work.............................................................. Uniform cents-per-hour differential..................................... Uniform percentage differential.................................................. Other differential..............................................................  13.1 38.1 25.0 9.8 3.3  27.2 15.9  2.5 5.3 3.0  (.0) 2.4 2.1 .3  Average pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour differential.................................................... Uniform percentage differential...........................................................  20.9 8.5  31.7 7.6  Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour: 5 cents.................................................................................. 10 cents........................................................................................ 12 and under 13 cents.................................................... 15 cents................................................................................. 20 cents........................................................................................ 25 cents.......................................................... 30 cents.................................................................... 33 cents........................................................................... 40 cents..................................................................... 50 cents................................................... 75 cents..............................................................................  1.5 .4 1.4 7.1 3.4 7.2 1.7 1.1 1.4  Uniform percentage: 5 percent.............................................................................. 8 percent.................................................................. 10 percent........................................................................... 12 percent................................................................................... 13 percent....................................................................................  .8 5.2 3.8 -  See footnotes at end of tables.  22  " 2.8 .4 4.9  .2 .3 .5 1.1 .1  2.4 1.1  .7 ” .4 (.0) .3 .2 .1 (.0)  .6  -  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days All full-time workers.. 20 hours-5 days............... 25 hours-5 days................ 35 hours-5 days............... 37 hours-5 days............... 37 112 hours-5 days....... 38 3/4 hours-5 days....... 40 hours......................... 4 days........................ 5 days....................... 6 days........................ 42 112 hours-5 days....... 44 hours......................... 5 days........................ 5 1/2 days................. 45 hours-5 days.............. 46 1/2 hours-5 1/2 days. 48 hours-6 days..............  100  100  1  5 2  2  7 2  2  1  2  (n> 87 1 85  1  96 3 93  81  99  81  99  (“)  1  2  1 <“)  1  (“)  3  (“)  3  25  4 4 92  28  6  (ll)  1  100  100  2  1 <“)  (“)  100  100  66  92  1 1  46  62  46  (ll)  <“>  rt2  54  6  62  (“>  (“>  (”) (u)  <“> (u)  1  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules.............. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  40.0  39.4  23  39.2  39.8  39.1  38.6  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers In Miami, Fla., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  100  100  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  100  100  100  100  100  Percent of workers All full-time workers........................................ In establishments not providing paid holidays......................................................... In establishments providing paid holidays.............................................  3 91  1  1  2  1  1  99  99  98  99  99  9.8  9.0  7.8  9.2  9.8  “ ~ ~  “ (”) c1) 1 9 1 <“> 9 <“) 1 <“> 12 2 1 13 2 33 (n) 11 4  2 21 19 19 4 7 19 8 -  (■■) (n) 1 7 1 c) 7 <“) 1 (■■) 11 1 12 2 37 c) 13 4  _ _ _ 1 1 s5 1 3 _ (*■) 1 74 O') 13 -  99 99 99 99 98 88 87 78 66 64 50 15 4  98 98 98 98 97 76 76 57 38 34 8 “  99 99 99 99 98 90 89 81 70 68 56 17 4  99 99 99 99 98 97 97 91 88 87 87 13  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments providing holidays.........................................  7.6  7.2  Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided 2 holidays......................................................... 1 6 holidays............................................................... Plus 1 half day.............................................. Plus 2 half days.................................................... 7 holidays.................................................... Plus 2 half days................................................. 8 holidays...................................................... Plus 2 half days.............................................. 9 holidays................................................................. Plus 2 half days...................................  20  34  (“) 21 1 (“)  20  10  12  “ ” 1 (”) “ 1  1 10 (ll) 14  2  <") “  <“) 22  77 1 8 "  6 Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided12 91 90 88 84 64 63 9 days or more............................................................  31 30  97 97 97 97 91 57 57 36 24 23  99 99 98 97 97 92 88 88 87 10  12 days.......................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  24  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Miami, Fla., Oclpber 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  100  100  100  Manu­ facturing  Percent of workers 100  100  4  3  O')  -  O')  -  96 95 1  97 97 -  99 99 O')  100 99 O')  99 99 O')  100 100 *  1 40 2 2  1 76 5  2 62 5 4  8 44 4 8  2 65 5 4  1 73 17 “  65 26 1 4 -  47 47 2  11 86 “  17 81 O') 1 O')  32 55 1 12 “  15 85 O')  6 94 “  16 3 73 2 3 1  28 4 53 4 8 -  8 2 84 2  1 96 -  2 O') 94 O') 4 O')  5 1 77 2 14 -  1 (“) 96 2 O')  O') 99 -  3 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. 4 weeks.............................................................  8 2 79 2 4 1  15 6 62 4 11 -  4 90 1 2  97 -  1 O') 94 O') 5 O')  2 3 77 2 16 ”  1 96 3 O')  98 2 "  4 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. 4 weeks.............................................................  8 2 79 2 5 1  15 6 62 4 11 -  4 89 2 2  93 4 -  1 O') 82 O') 16 O')  2 3 77 2 16  1 83 17 <“)  98 2 "  5 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks.............................................................  3 2 56 3 30 O') 2  8 4 64 3 16 1 2  -  -  O') O') 36 3 58 2 1  2 1 62 1 31 1 2  O') O') 33 3 61 2 1  100  100  All full-time workers.............................................  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations........................................................ In establishments providing paid vacations........................................................ Length-of-time payment....................................... Percentage payment...........................................  3  2  97 95 2  98 94 5  6 months of service: Under 1 week................................................... 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks.............................................................  6 32 2 2  13 20 2 3  1 year of service: 1 week.............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. 4 weeks.......................... ..................................  54 39 O') 2 1  2 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks..........*................... 3 weeks............................................................. 4 weeks.............................................................  Amount of paid vacation after:13  .  1 52 3 38 O') 3  -  43 -  54 -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  -  _  66 34 -  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  10 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks..............................  3 1 24 1 59 1 8 -  8 29 3 50 2 7 -  1 21 (■■) 64 10 -  12 years of service: 1 week................................................ ............. Over 1 and under 2 weeks.............................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks..............................  3 1 24 1 52 1 15 -  8 29 3 50 2 7 -  1 21 54 20 -  15 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks..............................  3 23 1 34 1 33 c) 2 -  8 28 2 38 3 18 1 -  20 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks.............................................................  3 22 1 23 (”) 36 <"> 11 c) "  25 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks.............................................................  3 22 1 24 <“> 28 (■■) 10 <“) 9  Transportation and utilities  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  3 79 15 -  <“> (■■) 8 c‘) 65 (■■) 26 (-■)  2 _ 18 1 64 1 14 “  (“> co 7 <“> 65 _ 27 (■■)  _ _ 4 _ 80 _ 14 2  3 41 54 -  (■■) (■■) 8 (■■) 62 (“> 29 <")  2 _ 18 1 63 2 14 -  (■■) c) 7 _ 62 _ 31 c)  _ _ 4 _ 63 _ 31 2  20 32 42 3 -  3 14 77 3 -  <"> 6 (>•) 31 1 51 <“) 9 co  2 18 <“> 37 2 40 1 -  (■■) 5 _ 30 1 53  _ 4  8 28 2 30 1 28 (“) 1 -  19 1 19 40 (■■) 17 -  3 2 39 54 -  <") 6 (“> 14 c‘) 61 <“) 17 <■■> (”)  8 28 2 30 1 27  19  3  -  -  20  2  -  -  28 (■■) 16  9  c) 6 (“> 14 (■■) 48 1 24 (•■) 6  -  1 1  '  •  -  33  -  -  14  51  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  All industries  26  _  21 _  72  _  _  11 <”>  (■■) 2  2 18 c) 29 1 49 (”> 1 -  r) 5 <•*> 12 63 c) 19 c)  _ 4 _ 1 61 31 2 -  2 18 (*■) 29 1 42  <“) 5  4  -  -  -  7 1  12  1  -  -  48 1 26 co 7  7 _  56 2 30  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 —Continued Office workers  Production and related workers Item  30 years of service: 1 week.............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................. 7 weeks............................................................. Maximum vacation available: 1 week.............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................. 7 weeks.............................................................  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  «  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  3 22 1 24 <") 27 <“) 11 <“) 3 6  8 28 2 30 1 27 1 1 -  19 20 27 (■■) 16 4 9  3 2 6 36 17 36  (■■) 6 <“) 14 (") 48 <“> 25 (■■) 3 3  2 18 <“) 29 1 42 7 1 -  (“> 5 12 48 <“> 27 <”> 3 4  4 1 6 56 2 12 18  3 22 1 24  8 28 2 30  19 20 27  3 2 6 36 17 35  c)6 i") 14  2 18  <“>5  (“i 29  12 48  4 -  (■■) 27 ("> 11 (•■>3 6  1  27 -  1 1  -  ri 16 4 9  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  All industries  27  (■■) 48 -  (■■) 24 (">3 4  1 42 7  1  -  (■■) 26 (*■)3 5  1  6 56 2 12 18  Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  Office workers  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers..............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits shown below14........................................................  94  93  95  100  99  97  99  100  Life insurance............................................................ Noncontributory plans........................................  90 64  90 50  90 73  100 97  99 74  94 55  99 -77  99  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance.................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  66 45  74 42  61 47  52 48  82 66  77 39  83 69  72  65  48  75  96  93  31 24  30 22  32 25  72 69  53 46  47 33  54  60  41  29  48  67  67  62  15  5  21  30  16  8  17  38  Long-term disability insurance................................................................ Noncontributory plans........................................  15 11  11 7  18 14  42 39  37 29  13 7  40 32  39  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans shown below1*........................................................ Noncontributory plans........................................  94 56  91 51  95 60  100 99  99 72  97 62  99 73  95  Hospitalization insurance....................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  94 54  91 47  95 58  100 97  99 61  97 51  99 62  100 95  Surgical insurance.................................................. Noncontributory plans........................................  94 54  91 47  95 58  100 97  99 61  97 51  99 62  100 95  Medical insurance.................................................. Noncontributory plans........................................  89 52  87 46  91 56  100 97  98 60  93 49  99 62  100 95  Major medical insurance........................................ Noncontributory plans........................................  91 51  89 44  93 55  100 93  99 61  97 51  99 62  100 94  Dental insurance..................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  37 27  21 12  46 37  89 89  66 56  48 31  68 59  76 75  Health maintenance organization............................. Noncontributory plans........................................  17 5  13 1  20 7  17 17  40 12  28 7  41 13  12 12  Retirement pension.................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  61 59  48 47  69 66  91 91  80 76  55 54  84 79  94 94  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both15............................................ Sickness and accident insurance.......................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................ Sick leave (full pay and no waiting period)................................................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period)...................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers in Miami, Fla., October 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  100  100  100  100  100  81 56  99 97  86 59  85 48  86 61  99 94  75 46  81 56  99 97  88 59  85 48  88 61  99 94  76 51  71 45  78 55  99 97  86 59  82 46  87 60  99 94  Major medical insurance............................................ Noncontributory plans........................................  76 50  72 44  78 53  99 93  87 59  85 48  88 61  99 94  Dental insurance....................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  34 27  18 12  43 36  89 89  62 54  43 30  65 58  75 75  Health maintenance organization............................. Noncontributory plans........................................  3 1  2 c)  4 2  M <“>  5 1  4 (*■>  5 1  O') O')  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  All full-time workers..............................................  100  100  100  Hospitalization insurance........................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  78 53  75 46  Surgical insurance..................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  78 53  Medical insurance..................................................... Noncontributory plans........................................  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  Footnotes Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.  10 Less than 0.05 percent.  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 2 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. * Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. * Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. * Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.  11 Less than 0.5 percent.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 12 Includes payments other than “length of time,” such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. 14 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory plans” include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers’ disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 15 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days’ pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 18 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas’ currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.  Industrial nurses  Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged.  Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are:  2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. ~>' These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average  earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52-  Office clerical  Pay relationships in establishments  Secretaries Stenographers I Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and HI   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-11:  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  32  Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).  1. Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishment’s contribution to the totals used in this comparison.  Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an  3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing.  establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as a separate work force are excluded from both the production and office worker categories.  Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to  the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work  are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation  pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and “extended” or “sabbatical” benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation  Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers  relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The “X’s” shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)  pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.  Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of  manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the most common schedule is recorded. For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans  include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization. This year, for the first time in this  33  area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disability insurance3 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a “deductible” (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported. An HMO provides comprehensive health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity. Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percent of  production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and HMO plans. When an establishment was unable to supply the number of plan participants, approximations (imputations) were made, where possible, by using information from other establishments offering a similar plan. Imputations were never made for more than one-third of the production or clerical workers in an industry group (all industries, manufacturing, nonmanufacturing, and transportation and utilities); when imputations were made, they were usually for considerably less than one-third of the workers. Participation rates were estimated and published if participant numbers (including imputations) were available for 90 percent or more of the production or office workers in an industry group; consequently, a published estimate may not relate to a group total. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 3 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan. State fundfinancing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. 4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Miami, Fla.,1 October 1981 Workers in establishments  Number of establishments  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establishments in scope of survey  Within scope of survey Within scope of survey3  Studied  Total* Number  Percent  Studied4  Full-time production and related workers  Full-time office workers  All establishments 1,396  198  287,154  100  143,700  53,029  116,277  _  440 956  68 130  70,569 216,585  25 75  53,231 90,469  6,493 46,536  26,085 90,192  50 50 50 50 50  105 140 298 161 252  25 15 27 19 44  54,142 15,792 70,389 34,709 41,553  19 5 25 12 14  24,111  10,306  c) c) c) o  o o o o  43,411 2,517 27,789 6,523 9,952  81  39  126,041  100  51,779  27,037  91,309  500  16 65  13 26  19,951 106,090  16 84  12,811 38,968  2,386 24,651  17,401 73,508  500 500 500 500 500  6 2 27 18 12  6 1 11 4 4  40,092 1,018 40,784 14,883 9,313  32 1 32 12 7  16,523 <*)  8,304  o  «  <•>  c) o  40,092 509 25,579 4,111 3,617  50 Transportation,'communication, and  Large establishments  Tiransportation,“communication, and  categories. 5 Abbreviated to "transportation and utilities” in the A- and B-series tables. Formerly referred to as “public utilities”. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Miami's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. • Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and “nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  1974, consists of Dade County. The "workers within scope of survey” estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. * Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  o  o  35  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agree­ ments, Miami, Fla., October 1981 Production and related workers  Office workers  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, Miami, Fla., October 1981 (Percent of all manufacturing workers)  Industry division  All industries....................................................... Manufacturing................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................ Transportation and utilities..........................................................  23 10 30  -  82  41  8 9  NOTE: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Apparel and other textile products.............................................. Women’s and misses’ outerwear................................................. Printing and publishing................................................................. Newspapers................................................................................... Fabricated metal products............................................................... Fabricated structural metal products......................................... Food and kindred products............................................................. Rubber and misc. plastics products.............................................. Leather and leather products....................................................... Machinery, except electrical........................................................ Electric and electronic equipment............................................... Instruments and related products.................................................  17 9  io 6 9 7 8 7 7 6 6 5  NOTE: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey.  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Stenographer Typist Accounting clerk  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office  a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f.  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS)  SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics.  Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a-  b.  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following:  LS-3 a. b.  c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  ab. c. d. e. LR-2  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b.  c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d.  e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1  LS-1................................................................. LS-2................................................................. LS-3................................................................ LS-4................................................................  LR-2  I  ii  ii  hi  HI  iv v  IV  STENOGRAPHER  c.  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings. (If primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist.) NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works as the principal office assistant performing more responsible and discretionary tasks.  Familiarity with specialized terminology in various keyboard commands to manipulate or edit the recorded text to accomplish revisions, or to perform tasks such as extracting and listing items from the text, or transmitting text to other terminals, or using “sort” commands to have the machine reorder material. Typically requires the use of automatic equipment which may be either computer linked or have a programmable memory so that material can be organized in regularly used formats or preformed paragraphs which can then be coded and stored for future use in letters or documents.  Typist I  Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.  Stenographer I.  Takes and transcribes dictation under close supervision and detailed instructions. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.  Typist II  Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.  Stenographer II.  Takes and transcribes dictation determining the most appropriate format. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I. Supervisor typically provides general instructions. Work requires a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organizations, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; answering routine questions, etc.  FILE CLERK  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I  Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.  TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.)  File Clerk II  Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.  TYPIST  Uses a manual, electric, or automatic typewriter to type various materials. Included are automatic typewriters that are used only to record text and update and reproduce previously typed items from magnetic cards or tape. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.  File Clerk III  Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Excluded from this definition is work that involves:  MESSENGER  a. b.  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  Typing directly from spoken material that has been recorded on disks, cylinders, belts, tapes, or other similar media; The use of varitype machines, composing equipment, or automatic equip­ ment in preparing material for printing; and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  39  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following:  Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Order Clerk I  Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II  Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system. Accounting Clerk I  Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions. Accounting Clerk II  Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures. Accounting Clerk III  Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy. Accounting Clerk IV  Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for  application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system. NOTE: Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic sunimary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Key Entry Operator I  Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II  Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Computer Systems Analyst I  Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. Computer Systems Analyst II  Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Computer Systems Analyst III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: Computer Programmer I  Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. Computer Programmer II  Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available.- While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer Programmer III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: a. b. c. d. e. f. g.  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows: Computer Operator I  Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  Computer Operator II  In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Computer Operator III  In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following: a. b. c. d.  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and s^ill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions.  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators.  e.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a. b. c. d. e. f.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I  Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels', disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II  Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy. 43  Drafter III  Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV  Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems.  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I  Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. Electronics Technician II  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V  Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lov/er level technicians. Electronics Technician III  Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent  different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  45  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers). STATIONARY ENGINEER  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying  Material Movement and Custodial  materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator).  TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  Truckdriver, light truck  (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck  (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck  (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  47  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Guard I  Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. Guard II  Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic designation designation Occupation (previously used) (currently used) E I Secretary.................................................. D II C III B IV A V  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  Computer programmer (business)....... .  I II III  C B A C B A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business).....  Stenographer............................... ...........  I II  General Senior  Typist........................................... ...........  I II  B A  Computer operator................................ .  File clerk..................................... ...........  I II III  C B A  I II III  Drafter..................................................... .  Order clerk.................................. ...........  I II  B A  I II III IV V  Accounting clerk........................ ............  I II III IV  (not comparable)  Electronics technician........................... .  I II III  C B A  I II  B A  Guard....................................................... .  I II  B A  Key entry operator..................... ...........   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  49  (not comparable)  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Holly wood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  U-U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1981 - 361-265/340   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bemardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del.-N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-Kenne wickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO AVAILABLE—  An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a  copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area  Bulletin number end price*  Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1981..................................................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1980 ...................................... Atlanta, Ga., May 1981'..................................................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 19811................................................................................ Billings, Mont., July 1981 .................................................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1981*.............................. Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 .................................................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1981' ............................................................. Chicago, 111., May 1980 ..................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1981 ........................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1981'......... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980 ................................................................................ Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1981.......................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1980'............................................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 .............................. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980* .................................................................................. Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1981 .............................. Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980' ................................................................. Detroit, Mich., Apr. 1981 .................................................................................. Fresno, Calif., June 1981 .................................................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1981................................................................................ Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1980'........................................ Green Bay, Wis., July 1981'................................................................................ Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point,N.C., Aug. 1981 .......................... Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1981 ..................................................... Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1981 .............................................................................. Houston, Tex., May. 1981 .................................................................................. Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ................................................................................ Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980 .............................................................................. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980 .............................................................................. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1981................................................................. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 ................................................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1980'.......................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3010-49 3000-62 3010-24 3010-39 3010-25 3010-48 3000-52 3010-42 3010-19 3010-30 3010-44 3000-48 3010-22 3000-67 3010- 7 3000-64 3010-38 3000-68 3010-12 3010-27 3010-45 3000-56 3010-26 3010-43 3010-23 3010-21 3010-14 3010- 5 3000-47 3010- 4 3000-66 3010-47 3000-63 3000-65  $2.50 $2.00 $3.25 $3.00 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.75 $3.25 $2.00 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $1.75 $2.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $3.00 $2.25 $2.25  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980............................................ 3000-59 Miami, Fla,, Oct. 1981' ...................................................................................... 3010-53 Milwaukee, Wis., May 1981'.............................................................................. 3010-16 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 19811.............................................. 3010- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1981*................................................................... 3010-31 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................... 3010- 3 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1981' ............................................................................ 3010-46 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1981' ................................................................... 3010-41 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C.,May 1981........................ 3010-17 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1981 ................................................................... 3010-40 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1981 ..................................................................... 3010-37 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1981 ...................................................................... 3010-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1981 ................................................... 3010-35 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1981 .................................................................. 3010-52 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................. 3010- 2 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980................................................................................ 3000-61 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1981 ................................................................... 3010-29 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1981.......................................................................... 3010-28 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1981 .................................. 3010-32 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1981 ........................... 3010-36 Richmond, Va., June 1981 .................................................................................. 3010-18 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981.......................................................................... 3010- 8 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'.......................................................................... 3000-70 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 ................................................................................ 3000-54 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ......................................................... 3000-60 San Antonio, Tex., May 1981 ............................................................................ 3010-15 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980'........... 3000-71 SanFrancisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1981' ................................................... 3010-13 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' .............................................................................. 3010-10 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 .................................................................. 3000-69 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1981 .............................................................................. 3010-33 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., June 1981'...................................................................... 3010-20 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1981'................................................................................. 3010-50 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1981' ..................................................... 3010-6 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010-11 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1981 .......................................... 3010-34 York, Pa., Feb. 1981'................................................................!!!!! ” !! 3010- 9  Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  ti 75 $3.25 $3^25 $3.75 $3.00 $2^25 $3.25 $3^25 $2.25 $2^25 $2.25 $2.50 $2 25 $3.00 $2^5 $1.75 $2J5 $2^25 $2.25 $2.50 $2^50 $2 75 $2 25 $L75 $2.00 $2^25 $2 25 $3.00 $3.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $3.00 $3.00 $2.25 S? 75 $2.75  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  U.S.MAIL  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Region IV  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York. N Y. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212) New Jersey New Yak Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  3535 Market Street, P.0 Box 13309 Philadelphia, Pa 19101 Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St.. N E Atlanta, Ga. 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St Chicago, III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312) Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin  Regions IX and X  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas. Tex 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214) Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City. Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave Box 36017 San Francisco, Calif 94102 Phone- 556-4678 (Area Code 415)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102