View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-37




Oklahoma City, Oklahoma,
Metropolitan Area, August 1979

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s r e s u lts o f an A u gu st 197 9 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l ea rn in g s in the O klahom a C ity , O k lah om a , Stand ard M e tr o p o lita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b o r
S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was con du cted b y the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in D a lla s , T e x . , u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f
B oyd B. O 'N e a l, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
The
s u r v e y could not h ave b e en a c c o m p lis h e d w ith out the c o o p e r a tio n of the m any
fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in f o r ­
m ation in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n
fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the pu b lic d om ain and m a y be
rep ro d u c e d w ith out p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e rn m en t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c ite the nam e and nu m ber o f th is
pub lication .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in the O klahom a C ity a r e a
is a v a ila b le f o r the m o v in g and s to r a g e in d u s try (A u g u st 197 9).
A ls o a v a ila ­
ble a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s fo r s e v e n s e le c te d b u ild in g tr a d e s . F r e e
co p ie s o f th es e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(S e e back
c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma,
Metropolitan Area, August 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n te n ts

Page

P age

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
Appendix A.
Appendix B.

November 1979
T a b le s:

Bulletin 2050-37

For sale by the Superintendent ot Docu­
ments. U S Government Printing Office.
Washington D C 20402. GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover

Price $1 50 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Earnings, a ll e s ta b lish m en ts:
A - l.
W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ______
A -2.
W eek ly earnings o f p ro fe s s io n a l
and techn ical w o r k e r s ___________________
A -3. A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of
o ffic e , p ro fes s io n a l, and
tech n ical w o rk e rs , by sex______________
A -4. H ou rly earnings o f m aintenance,
to olroom , and p ow erplant
w o rk e rs ___________________________________
A -5. H ou rly earnings of m a te ria l
m ovem ent and cu stod ial w o r k e r s ______
A -6. A v e ra g e h ou rly earnings of
m aintenance, to o lro o m , p o w e r plant, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _____________
A -7. P e rc e n t in c re a s es in a v e ra g e
hourly earnings f o r s e lec te d
occupational g ro u p s ______________________
A -8. A v e ra g e pay relation sh ip s
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite -c o lla r w o rk e rs ________________
A -9. A v e ra g e pay relation sh ips
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -c o lla r w o r k e r s _________________

3
6

7

9
10

11

12

13

14

Scope and method o f su rvey —
O ccupational d e scrip tion s_____

____ 17
____ 21

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l is t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a ,
e a rn in g s data f o r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d
an nually.
In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) is ob ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

m an u factu rin g and nonm anu factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . T h e o ccu p atio n s a r e d e fin e d
in A p p e n d ix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - 1 0 th ro u gh A - 1 5
p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p ro v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n ges in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n onm anu facturin g s e p a r a te ly . D ata a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m a in ten a n ce w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in this occu p atio n al g ro u p in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a ft e r e lim in a tio n o f chan ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s ca u s e d by e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p en d ix A .

E a c h y e a r a ft e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p re s e n ts n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, fo r
a ll Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S ta te s , ex c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e need
to d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th rou gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is tr ib u tio n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l. T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be u sed fo r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g p lan t lo c a tio n . S u r v e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y th e U .S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s u n d er the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.

T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v id e f o r the f i r s t tim e m e a s u re s o f a v e r a g e
p ay r e la tio n s h ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d i f fe r c o n ­
s id e r a b ly f r o m the pay r e la tio n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lish ed in ta b le s
A - l th rou gh A -6 . S ee ap pendix A fo r d e ta ils .

A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth o d s and co n ce p ts u sed in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A - s e r i e s ta b le s

or

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p r e s e n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s b y o ccu p atio n .

T a b le s A - l th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occ u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f




2

u sed

by

B u rea u f ie ld

re­

Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Middle range 2

S TR A IG H T - TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

400

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

-

29
29

~

41
41
-

34
2
32
-

61
29
32
3

121
53
68
3

173
48
125
6

162
63
99
16

220
86
134
9

1 81
72
1 09
6

115
50
65
22

81
32
49
19

94
21
73
57

38
14
24
12

28
4
24
23

24

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

100
AND
UNDER
110

-

2
2

23
4
19

35
4
31

15
6
9

18
12
6

9
7
2

12
6
6

3
2
1

4
4

_
-

-

1
1

7
4
3

6

26
17
9
“

53
24
29
“

50
11
39
”

35
11
24
16

16
9
7
-

7
5
2
1

10
2
8
2

10
1
9
9

6
-

1
-

8
-

32
4
28
~

6
6

S E C R E TA R IE S ...........................................................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
P UB L IC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

1 .475
476
999
271

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

S 225.00
217.00
229.00
304.50

$ 2 0 9 .5 0
209.50
209.50
298.50

S E C R ET AR IE S. CLASS A ...............................
MANUF ACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

139
41
98

40.0
40.0
40.0

270.50
270.00
271.00

253.00
278.00
232.00

230.00249 .0 0 23 0 .0 0 -

302.50
289.50
302.50

_
-

-

-

-

“

SE C R E TA R IE S. CLASS B ...............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

292
88
204
51

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

233.50
225.00
237.00
326.00

221.50
215.00
221.50
326.00

1 9 2.00199.00186.5024 8 .5 0 -

253.50
246.00
254.50
396.00

-

-

-

4

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

4
-

9
9

“

-

-

S E C R ET AR IE S. CLASS C...............................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................... .................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

443
190
253
83

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

223.00
204.00
237.00
315.50

198.50
195.50
212.00
298.50

1 8 4.00178.501 8 4.00284 .0 0 -

252.50
214.50
284.00
340.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
4

9
9

-

~

5
1
4
-

22
17
5
-

58
32
26
-

75
30
45
“

52
31
21
2

55
35
20
1

37
20
17
4

24
11
13
3

15
4
ii
5

40
3
37
27

10
3
7
7

2
1
1
1

S E C R E T AR IE S. CLASS D...............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

212
48
164

40.0
40.0
40.0

246.00
224.00
252.00

235.00
208.50
256.50

195.50195.50195.50-

284.00
256.00
298.00

_
-

_
~

_
-

_

_
-

6
6

8
3
5

9
3
6

16
4
12

22
8
14

35
11
24

11
2
9

13
6
7

26
3
23

32
5
27

3
3
-

S E C R E T AR IE S. CLASS E ...............................
MANUFACTURING...............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

364
109
255
43

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

194.50
210.50
187.50
214.00

193.50
220.00
184.00
198.00

1 7 1.50184.001 6 1.001 8 0.00-

218.50
234.00
201.50
232.00

_
-

_
-

22
5
17
3

43
18
25
3

45
10
35
6

58
7
51
11

48
12
36
a

44
35
9
2

28
16
12
3

5
4
i
i

6
i
5
3

STENOGRAPHERS......................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONHANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

445
96
349
133

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

191.50
173.00
197.00
231.50

178.50
167.50
183.50
229.50

160.001 5 3.501 6 1.001 8 2.00-

209.00
184.00
217.00
263.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. S E N IO R .............................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

207
165
89

40.0
40.0
40.0

205.50
212.50
231.00

191.00
209.00
242.50

1 7 2.501 8 3.50212.00-

238.50
245.00
263.00

_
-

_

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL..........................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

238
54
184
44

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

179.50
169.50
182.50
233.00

167.00
155.50
167.00
189.50

156.501 5 0.001 5 9.00177.50-

184.00
1 8 4 .0 0
184.00
291.00

-

-

-

-

TRAN SC R IB IN G - H AC HI N E T Y P I S T S ................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

54
47

39.0
39.0

155.50
150.50

149.50
149.50

149.50146.00-

159.50
152.00

-

-

T Y P I S T S .....................................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

374
33
341

39.0
40.0
39.0

152.50
175.00
150.50

144.00
176.00
142.50

138.001 5 0.00136 .0 0 -

161.00
184.50
1 6 0 .0 0

$ 1 8 4 .0 0 - $253.00
1 8 8 .0 0 - 240.50
1 8 4 .0 0 - 260.50
2 6 0 .0 0 - 366.00

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

20

30

20

-

30
-

12
1
11
“

13
4
9

34
18
16
3

59
10
49
5

72
19
53
8

52
16
36
10

50
12
38
15

30
3
27
4

46
8
38
13

20
5
15
10

16
1
15
15

36
36
36

11

6
6
3

12
9
4

23
8
4

26
15
3

28
20
4

13
11
1

36
34
11

11
10
10

14
14
14

35
35
35

3
3

17
1
16
3

10
6
4
2

9
4
5

2
1
1
1

1

8

1
1

1
~

-

“

-

11
*
11

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
4
9
-

28
18
10
"

47
7
40
1

49
4
45
4

26
5
21
7

22
4
18
11

4
4

25
25

11
11

6
5

4
2

2

116
2
114

96
7
89

39
3
36

26
3
23

36
6
30

19
5
14

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

19

19

3

50
-

3
3
3

16
16

1
_

2
-

1
1

14
14
14

13
13
13

5
2
3
3

17
17
17

_
-

13
13

1

14

_
-

1

14

3
3

3
3
3

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b l e s .




-

-

6
2
4

1

3
3

“

11
8

20
2
18
18

50
50

-

24
24

-

_

-

2
2

-

_

“
-

1

6
6
6

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

-

-

“
-

-

~

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occ upa tion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

Mean A

Median 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Middle range 2

STRAIGHT- TIME

WEEKLY EARNIN6S

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

100
ANO
UNDER
110

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

290

260

280

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2 90

260

280

300

_

_

18
16

18
15

29
20

11
6

9
2

11
11

2
-

_

_

-

16
16

3

-

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

1

19
19

116
119

80
73

21
20

8
8

12
10

8

2

-

-

-

"

-

76

120

97
97

67

2

12
12

9

7

13

-

-

-

-

300

320

390

360

380

900

320

390

360

380

900

920

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

T Y P I S T S — CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S . CLASS A.........................................
NON MANUFACTURING......................................

112
91

39.5
39.5

$173.50
170.00

$167.50
161.00

TYPISTS.

CLASS B.........................................

262

39.0

199.00

190.00
138.00

1 3 5.00-

1 9 9 .5 0

-

CLERKS..........................................................

355
395

39.5
39.5

139.00

126.50
126.50

1 2 2.001 2 2.00-

199.00
199.00

2
2

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS B...............................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

217
207

39.5
39.5

137.00
137.00

126.50
126.50

1 2 9.501 2 9.50-

199.00
199.00

-

18
18

111
103

21
21

33
33

-

9
9

9
9

3
3

13
11

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

FI L E CLERKS. CLASS C ...............................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

125
125

39.5
39.5

127.00
127.00

123.00
123.00

1 1 5.001 1 5.00-

138.00
138.00

2
2

58
58

9
9

26
26

25
25

2
2

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

69
93

39.5
39.5

132.50
127.50

130.00
122.00

1 1 9.501 1 6.00-

1 3 8 .0 0
132.50

_

17
19

19
12

18
11

9
1

3
1

8
9

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCH BOARD OPERATORS.................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

71
58

90.0
90.0

177.00
179.00

169.50
156.50

1 9 9.00135.50-

197.50
188.50

_

6
6

1
1

8
8

12
11

8
9

1
1

10
a

7
5

_

1

5
3

1

_

1
1

_

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

8
8

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORREC E PT IO N IS TS ...................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

281
53
228

90.0
90.0
90.0

170.00
163.50
171.50

155.50
169.00
151.50

138.00198.00138.00-

172.50
189.00
172.50

-

9
9

39
8
31

31
9
27

90
2
38

27
6
21

29
19
15

50
9
96

10
9
1

2
2
-

11
3
8

12
1
11

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS.......................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

325
52
273

90.0
90.0
90.0

177.50
207.50
171.50

172.50
219.00
166.00

150.00189.50197.50-

1 9 6 .0 0
228.50
192.00

-

_
-

33
9
29

53
4
99

18
18

90
2
38

13
9
9

27
27

-

_

_
-

-

i
i
-

_

95

29
13
11

29
29

-

38
38

95

-

9
9

-

-

CLASS A ............................

82

90.0

208.50

196.00

19 5 .5 0 -

226.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

36

11

19

9

-

i

-

OROER CLERKS. CLASS B............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

293
35
208

9 0.0
90.0
90.0

167.00
197.00
162.00

157.50
212.00
150.00

190.001 7 2.50190.00-

175.00
222.50
172.50

_

-

9

38

9

13
13

18
18

_
-

_
-

18

10
10
*

_
-

38

90
2
38

2
2

9

53
4
99

18

-

33
9
29

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS...........................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

1.6 6 0
386
1 . 27 9
503

90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0

199.50
188.00
203.00
298.00

190.00
177.50
193.00
255.50

159.001 6 0.00156.50207 .0 0 -

235.50
208.50
297.50
289.00

9
9
-

8
8
-

39
10
29
-

60
1
59
-

183
26
157
29

132
97
85
21

182
67
115
12

122
51
71
8

118
31
87
26

135
25
110
17

133
91
92
29

152
91
111
99

209
26
178
150

52
11
91
90

29
9
15
15

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

517
159
363
120

90.0
9 0.0
90.0
90.0

229.00
219.00
235.50
306.50

218.50
209.00
227.50
326.00

1 9 0.00188.501 9 0.00263.00-

263.00
237.50
263.00
393.00

_
-

_

_
-

9
9

9
9

6
6

38
8
30

33
15
18

98
21
27
1

33
18
15

83
35
98
1

89
21
63
2

90
16
29
3

52
11
91
90

11
9
2
2

FILE

ORDER CLERKS.

$ 1 5 9 .0 0 - $183.50
1 5 1 .5 0 - 179.50

-

-

-

Se e f o o tn o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




4

-

9

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

29

8

_

29
29

8
8

-

23
-

8
8
8

-

-

-

97
97
97

33
33
33

8
8
8

32
32
32

-

23
23

-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979— Continued
W eek ly earnings *
(standard)

O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

ACCOUNTING

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours 1
(standard)

M ean 2

M edian 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

M iddle range 2

100
AND
UNDER
110

S T RA IG H T - TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

8

39
10
29

51
1
50

174
26
148
24

126
47
79
21

144
59
85
12

89
36
53
8

70
10
60
25

102
7
95
17

50
6
44
28

68
20
48
47

164
10
154
147

_

13

39

-

-

-

-

13
13

39
39

1
1
1

6

4
2

12
9

9
9

9
9

9

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
2

12
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS— CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S .................................

1 .143
232
911
383

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$186.50
171.00
190.50
230.00

$170.00
1 6 1 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
244.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.............
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

74
54

40.0
40.0

185.00
1 8 1 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 0
184.00

160.00140.00-

200.00
200.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B.............................................................
NONMANUFACTURIN6......................................

40
29

40.0
40.0

158.00
154.00

1 6 0 .0 0
140 .00

138.00130.00-

184.00
184.00

$ 1 5 0 .0 0 - $219.50
1 5 2 .0 0 - 177.50
1 4 9 .5 0 - 234.00
1 9 3 .0 0 - 255.50

4
4
-

-

8

-

-

_

13
13

3
3

2
2

-

-

13
13

3
3

2
2

-

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

_

-

-

_

-

-

1
1

M A C H IN E - B IL L E R S .......................... .................................

41

40.0

155.50

150.00

140.00-

168.50

2

2

-

-

9

10

8

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

PAYROLL CLERKS ................................................................
MANUFACTURING .........................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

160
52
108

40.0
40.0
40.0

208.50
205.00
210.50

194.00
194.50
194.00

1 6 3.50167.00161.00-

231.00
239.00
221.50

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

28
7
21

4
1
3

22
8
14

18
5
13

23
3
20

14
8
6

8
7
1

14
5
9

1
1
-

1
1

1
1

-

5
5

4
4

_
-

-

8
1
7

-

-

4
4
-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS......................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S .................................

639
135
504
125

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

186.00
186.00
186.00
240.50

1 7 3 .0 0
178.50
171.00
238.00

155.50167.50154.00202.00-

202.00
203.50
202.00
300.00

_
-

_
-

30
3
27
-

70
6
64
11

72
11
61
5

102
22
80
5

79
28
51
-

61
10
51
6

43
14
29
2

77
21
56
30

19
12
7
4

32
6
26
26

7
2
5
-

_
-

-

11
11
-

14
14
14

1
1
1

16
16
16

3
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ...........
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

209
55
154
36

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

206.00
200.50
208.00
308.00

190.00
1 9 6 .0 0
186.00
342.00

1 6 7.001 7 9.00161.002 5 7.50-

227.00
225.50
229.00
342.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
4
9
-

22
6
16
-

26
8
18
2

12
7
5
2

16
6
10
10

7
2
5
“

_
-

_

1

16
16
16

3

1

-

13
1
12
-

21
12
9

-

19
3
16
-

29
6
23

-

9
9
-

3
3

1
1

1
1
1

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B...........
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . ............................

430
80
350
89

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

176.00
176.00
176.00
213.50

167.50
172.00
1 6 6 .5 0
206.00

1 5 4.00161.00150.50180.00-

190.50
188.00
190.50
240.00

_
-

_
-

2
2

30
3
27

51
3
48
11

59
10
49
5

89
18
71
5

57
22
35

32
4
28
6

17
6
11

56
9
47
30

7
5
2
2

16
16
16

_

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




5

-

3

-

-

1
1

14
14

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
W ee k ly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu pa tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

A v e rage
w e e k ly
hours *
(standard)

M ean ^

M edian 2

NUMBER

M idd le range 2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ..........................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

82
30
52

3 9.5
4 0.0
39.5

S 398•50
379.00
409.50

*3 93.50
374.00
393.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( BUSINE SS ) f CLASS A ...............................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

48
39

40.0
40.0

435.50
434.00

422.00
422.00

393.5039 3 .5 0 -

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B...............................

29

39.5

352.50

364.50

3 3 1.50-

211
36
175

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

317.00
301.50
320.50

322.50
299.50
326.50

277 .0 0 25 7 .0 0 28 4 .0 0 -

352.00
331.00
353.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

88
70

4 0.0
4 0.0

352.50
355.00

351.00
351.00

316.50317 .0 0 -

98
83

4 0.0
4 0.0

308.00
316.00

318.50
326.50

268.5028 3 .0 0 -

345.00
345.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C...........................................................................

25

4 0.0

230.50

227.00

21 8 .5 0 -

344
60
284
107

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

233.00
225.50
235.00
284.00

228.00
220.00
233.00
263.00

185.501 9 4.50184.50263.00-

264.50
252.00
265.00
306.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A .............
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

62
44

4 0.0
4 0.0

294.50
308.50

283.00
316.50

256.00271 .0 0 -

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

-

2
2

2
2
-

6
1
5

3
1
2

6
3
3

8
7
1

19
3
16

5
4
1

11
2
9

2
2
-

8
2
6

10
1
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

4
1

10
9

2

-

8
6

10
9

-

-

5
2
3

1
1

-

“

-

241.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS ...................................................
MANUFACTURING .........................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

130

374.50
378.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B.............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

WEEKLY

120
AND
UNDER
130

379.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT- TIME

-

*3 6 8 .0 0 - *430.00
3 4 6 . 0 0 - 418.00
3 9 1 . 0 0 - 463.00

-

-

-

-

-

EARNINGS

~

-

-

“

477.00
477.00

“

~

-

“

“

“

-

7
1
6

17
7
10

16
2
14

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

_

-

-

-

"

~

1

5

2

5

2

-

4
“

1

354.00
354.00

-

-

191.001 8 6.501 9 4.002 6 3.00-

263.00
234.00
263.00
292.00

-

-

“

-

”

“

4

-

~

“

“

44
6
38
1

1

6

8

5

1

1

31
4
27

32
3
29

22
2
20

17

2

_

-

-

-

17

2

-

1

22
19

9
6

15
12

17
15

15
15

-

-

-

-

5
3

1

-

-

-

-

7
1

9
7

10
8

22
21

17
17

5
5

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
11

10
9

10

7

1

63
10
53
”

37
13
24
2

40
11
29
15

25
9
16
4

56
7
49
37

24
4
20
13

-

22
14

-

4
3

5
2

8
4

11
5

8
4

8
8

31
11
20
1

28
6
22
14

16
5
11
3

45
1
44
36

16
~
16
13

13

-

-

-

-

18
4
14
1

53
9
44

“

4
32
5
27

7

-

~

1
11
2
9

“

-

-

2
18
7
11

3

_

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

13
13

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

13
13

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

22

3

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

20

2

-

-

-

~

-

2

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

3

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B .............
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

223
36
187
84

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

230.50
212.50
234.00
269.50

233.50
216.00
236.00
263.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C .............
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

59
53

40.0
40.0

179.00
177.00

178.50
178.50

161.001 6 1.00-

193.00
184.00

4
4

1
1

5
5

2
2

26
24

10
9

2
1

7
5

1
1

-

-

”

1
1

-

~

DR AFTERS.................................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

271
183
88

40.0
40.0
40.0

266.00
233.00
334.00

239.50
220.00
341 .0 0

201 .5 0 197 .0 0 269.00-

326.00
246.00
422.50

-

-

-

i
i
“

15
11
4

42
42
“

37
32
5

41
36
5

25
18
7

26
19
7

7
3
4

7
4
3

13
5
8

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ......................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

94
51
43

40 .0
40.0
40.0

329.50
271.50
398.50

332.00
264.00
433.00

248 .0 0 231.50365 .5 0 -

417.50
295.50
436.00

-

-

-

“

-

-

1
1
“

13
13
“

10
10

13
12
1

5
3
2

3
3
~

9
5
4

-

3

5

2

DRAFTERS. CLASS B......................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

116
91
25

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

247.00
230.00
308.50

232.00
213.00
326.00

201 .0 0 1 9 7.00257 .0 0 -

262.50
242.50
347.00

-

-

21
21

20
19
1

14
8
6

7
6
1

1

4

6

-

-

4
4

-

-

4

6

7
4
3

_

-

4
i
3

-

-

-

50
32

4 0.0
4 0.0

210.00
196.00

201.50
199.50

181.00176.00-

223.50
201.50

8

1

6

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

DRAFTERS.

CLASS C......................................

See fo o tn ot e s

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

at end of t ab le s.




6

-

-

-

-

“
28
28

-

-

-

-

13
11

6

15
10

1

13
13

-

_

3
3

-

-

~
-

-

~

9
9

12
4
8

3

5

6
4
2

8
4
4

2

8
4
4

-

20

-

20

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

20

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
—
Occupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
oi
worken

t ;
eiaae
(m an2)

Week h
r
hour*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Occupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weeklv
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

$191.00

O cc u p a ti o n ,

s e x . 3 and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P I S T S . . ...........
NONHANUFACTURING......................................

62

39.0

CLASS

150.50

1 ?009
183
826
331

B.........................................

258

39.0

144.00

FILE
271

40.0

CLERKS. ........................... ..........................

348

39.5

40.0

270.50

98

40.0

134.50

39*"

FILE

CLERKS?

CLASS C . . . . . . ................

120

39.5

127.50

51

40.0

223.00

54

40 .0

315.50

273

40.0

212

40.0

246.00

220

40.0

164

40.0

252 .00

364
109

40 .0
40.0
40 .0
40.0

194 .50
210.50
18 7 . 5 0
214.00

37
145

40.0
40.0

166.50
199.50
1 5 8 .0 0

118

40.0

150.50

96
34 8
132

40.0
40.0
40.0

191 .00
173.00
19 6 . 0 0
230.50

1 s 14 2

40.0

199.50

207

40.0

40.0

40.0

205.50
212 • 50
231.00

135

89
237
54
183
43

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
229.50

171.50
KEY ENTRY

HANUFACTURING.............................................

43

See fo o t n o t e s

a t end o f t a b l e s .




7

OPERATORS?

158.00
1 5 4 .0 0

37

39.5

48
101

40.0
40.0

202.00

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

1 8 6 .0 0
186.00
1 8 6 .5 0
243.00

40.0
39.0
40.0

206.00
200.50
208.00
308.00

CLASS

B .....

418
80
338

40.0
40.0
40.0

176.50
176.00
1 7 6 .5 0

202.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ..........................................................

COHPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
< BU SI N ES S ) t CLASS A...............................
NONHANUFACTURING......................................
COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS

298.00
STENOGRAPHERS? GENERAL..........................
HANUFACTURING..............................................
NONHANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

40.0

326.00

40.0

83

HANUF ACTURING..............................................

29

202.50
_

443

U T I L I T I E S ..................................

185.00
181.50

626
135
491
122

NONMANUFACTURING.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

NONHANUFACTURING.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PUB LIC

40.0
40.0

304.50

139

*186.50
172.50
189.50
232.00

BOOKKEEPING-HACHINE OPERATORS?

M A C H I N E - B I L L E R S . . . . . • • • • • • • .............
U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

40.0
40.0
40.0

74
54

39.5

’

PUB LIC

W Ut
m

55
153
36

108

TYPISTS?

Weekly
hours
(standard)

ACCOUNTING CLERKS— CONTINUED
47

152.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS U0HEN

of
worker!

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UO HEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS U0 HEN — CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS HEN
143

(A?.

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

(B U S IN E S S )....

75
52

39.5
39.5

400.00
409.50

46
39

40.0
40.0

435.00
434.00

164
28
136

40.0
40.0
40.0

325.00
301.50
330.00

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979— Continued
"X *n u T
O c c u p a ti o n ,

Weekhr

s e x , 3 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

hour.

Weekly
earnings1

Occupation,

se x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
hour!1

(standard)

CORPUTER PROGRARRERS
CONTINUED

71
57

40.0
40.0

*355.50
358.00

CORPUTER PROGRARRERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B..........................................................
NONRANUFACTURING....................................

83
71

40.0
40.0

310.50
319.50

CORPUTER OPERATORS......................................
RANUFACTURING...........................................
NONRANUFACTURING....................................

23 A
42
192

40.0
40.0
40.0

240.00
228.50
242.50

52
37

40.0
40.0

294.00
308.50

See fo o t n o t e s

149
127

40.0
40.0

*233.50
237.00

CORPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONRANUFACTURING.......................

33
28

40.0
40.0

182.50
180.00

DRAFTERS.........................
R A N U F A C TU R IN G ...
NONRANUFACTURING

247
166
81

40.0
40.0
40.0

270.00
235.00
341.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
R A N U F A C T U R IN G .. .
NONRANUFACTURING

83
41
42

40.0
40.0
40.0

343.50
284.50
401.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
R A N U F A C TU R IN G ...

109
88

40.0
40.0

246.50
230.50

at end o f ta b l e s .




8

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

houisr

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

47
30

4 0.0
4 0.0

k210.00
195.00

CORPUTER PROGRARRERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
NONRANUFACTURING.......................................

47
39

4 0.0
40.0

289.50
287.50

CORPUTER OPERATORS.........................................
NONRANUFACTURING.......................................

11 0
92

40.0
40.0

219.00
219.00

CORPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B .............
NONRANUFACTURING.......................................

74
60

40.0
40.0

224.00
228.00

CORPUTER OPERATORS.
NONRANUFACTURING..

26
25

40.0
40 . 0

174.50
173.00

DRAFTERS -

CORPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONRANUFACTURING.......................

CORPUTER PROGRARRERS ( B U S I N E S S ) t
CLASS A ..........................................................
NONRANUFACTURING....................................

O c cu p a ti o n,

Weekhr

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

CORPUTER OPERATORS— CONTINUED

(BUSINESS)—

CORPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONRANUFACTURING.......................

(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - REN— CONTINUED

vera^e

Average
(mean2)

(mean*)

CONTINUED

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
R A N U F A C T U R IN G .. .
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOREN

CLASS

C

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
Hourly earnings *

O cc u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

Mean 2

NUMBER OF

Median2

4.40 4.60
AND
UNDER
4 .60 4.80

Middle range 2

57
51

$6.95
6.79

$7.02
6.67

$ 6 .455.9 8 -

$7.47
7.22

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
MANUFACTURING..............................................

212
187

7.47
7.35

8.15
7.74

6.416 .38-

8.15
8.15

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) . . . . . ...............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S . . .............................

451
130
321
284

8.38
6.47
9.15
9.25

8.87
6.66
10.29
10.29

6.505.457.758.15-

10.29
7.34
10.29
10.29

16
16
-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS.......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . ..........................

111
111

8.86
8.86

8.84
8.84

7 .837.8 3 -

10.37
10.37

S T ATI O NAR Y EN GI NE ERS ....................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

47
26

7.54
8.31

7.29
9.41

6 .316.55-

9.41
9.93

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6 . 0 0 6 . 20

6.40

6.60

6 .80

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6 . 2 0 6 . 40 6 . 6 0

6.80

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 00

14
14

2
1

10
8

-

.

_

8
8

_

“
4

3
3

11
11

25
25

16
16

2
2

10
10

9
9

8
8

76
71

16
16

19
~

47
1
46
46

2
2

12
11
1
1

4
4

43
33
10
5

45
23
22
12

16
2
14
14

1
1
1

5
3
2

~

1
1
1

1
1

2
2

7
7

1
1

6
6

10
10

15
15

8
8

14
14

4
4

3

-

-

7
4

6
1

-

3

_

~

-

8
8

4
4

“

-

4
4

6
6

7
7

4
2
2
2

13
13

“

9
8
1

4
2
2
2

9

“

“

-

2
2

1

8
8
-

“

~

-

1

2
2

-

*
-

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 60

4.80

at end o f t a b l e s .




HOURLY

-

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S ..........................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

Se e f o o t n o t e s

WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT - TI M E

-

-

2

1
1

3
-

-

1

-

9

-

3
3

2

-

2
2

-

_

197

19
“

-

2
-

8
8

1
1

-

4
4

10
10

3

-

-

197
197

3
3

36
36

2
2

_

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
Hourly earnings 4

NUMBER

Number
Oc cup ati on and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT -T IM E
3.60

3.80

9.20

9.60 5.00

5.90

5.80

3.20

3.90

3.60

3.80

9.20

9.60

5 .0 0 5.90

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.90

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.90

-

-

107
18
89
3

38
7
31
12

22
5
17
2

13
8
5
3

151
137
19
19

37
33
9
9

16
16
9

-

22
22
1

59
3
56
“

30
30

-

89
89
-

6
6
-

-

79
79
-

18
18

-

_

29
29

81
65

19
18

9
9

2

-

28
28

_

-

_

96

56

1
-

56

7
6
1

36

96

5
2
3

36

3
3
-

_
-

9
9
-

18
18
-

-

-

“

9
9

13
13

$7.29
6.27
7.97
9.83

$6.89
6.89
8.87
10.20

TRUCKDRIVERS. LI GH T TRUCK.............
NONMANUFACTURING.................................

197
179

9 .0 1
3.97

3.90
3.90

3.653.50-

9.15
9.15

_

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK...........
MANUFACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING.................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ............................

665
96
619
391

7 .8 1
5.77
7.96
10.09

10.20
5.66
10.20
10.20

5.095 .005 .1310.20-

10.20
6.69
10.20
10.20

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRAC T O R -T R A I L E R . .
NONMANUFACTURING.................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ............................

313
273
139

8.36
8.79
9.86

8.87
9.28
10.20

7 .238.2210.20-

10.20
10.20
10.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SH IP P E R S ............................................................
MANUFACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING.................................

102
53
99

5.09
5.99
9.55

5.13
5.50
5.00

9 . 2 59.653.89-

5.50
6.39
5.13

-

_

-

_
-

-

RECEIVERS.........................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.................................

232
213

9.69
9.55

9.00
3.89

3.3 5 3 .35-

5.25
5.13

9
4

18
18

19
12

26
26

10
10

12
12

99
95

AND REC EIVERS..........................

55

9.95

5.00

9 .50-

5.99

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN..................................................
MANUFACTURING........................................
NONMANUFACTURING.................................

295
112
183

5.23
6.06
9.72

9.93
6.19
9.18

9 .035 . 3 89.00-

6.22
6.88
5.98

-

-

1
1

9

-

9

11
11

71

ORDER F I L L E R S ................................................
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING................................. .

997
125
372

6.52
6.30
6.59

6.96
7.28
6.96

9 .529 .509.52-

8.70
7.35
8.70

S H IP PI NG PACKERS..........................................
MANUFACTURING..........................................

159
109

5.11
5.30

5.58
5.60

9 .299.95-

5.83
5.86

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS.................
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING................................. .

523
319
209

5.65
5.30
6.18

5.25
5.25
9.82

9.003 .759 .10-

7.16
6.51
8.75

FORKLIFT OPERATORS.....................................
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING................................. .

*44
212
232

6.59
6.70
6.99

6.75
7.22
6.98

5.385 .519.25-

7.56
7.22
8.10

GUARDS..................................................................
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING...................................

1 .238
89
1.1 5 9

3.30
5.98
3.19

3.00
9.78
3.00

2 .909 .052.9 0 -

3.30
7.26
3.19

GUARDS. CLASS B........................................
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING...................................

1.180
99
1.1 3 6

3.18
9.56
3.13

3.00
9.05
3.00

2.909 .002 .90-

J A N IT O R S . PORTERS. AND C LE A N E R S .. .
MANUFACTURING..........................................
NONMANUFACTURING...................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ..............................

1 .695
90
1.555
97

3.18
9.97
3 .1 1
9.08

3.00
9.32
2.95
3.96

2 .903 .792 .903 .28-

SHIPPERS

18
18
-

“

“
-

-

18
18

-

22
4
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

ii
ii

2
2

3

29
29

3

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

~

-

500
2
998

300
300

70
70

102
1
101

3.29
5.06
3.18

500
2
998

300
300

70
70

3.00
5.00
3.00
9.82

839
1
833
9

926
2
929

62
1
61
3

-

31
31

36
36
~

198
98
100
2

7 .00

7.90

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.90

9.8010 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

-

_

99
12
82

9
9
-

7
5
2
1

7
9
3
2

29
10
19
19

1
-

2
-

1
1

2

_
-

-

-

2

9
2
1

-

5
3
3

9
9
9

_

-

1
1
1

2
-

-

38
6
2

13
11
2

9
9
*

29
1
23

23
21
2

-

10
10
“

6
6
“

_
-

-

_

3
2

92
91

11
10

1
1

20
18

2

5

-

-

-

7

17

1

6

18

91
6
35

16
12
9

16
11
5

23
13
10

27
19
13

26
29
2

16
11
5

18
15
3

20
6
19

_
-

_

95
99
1

26
25
1

990
-

990
990

-

-

372
372
372

6

71

9 .8010.20

-

-

21
21

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

56
56
-

30
30
-

-

_

-

-

6
6

53
22
31

3
3
-

36
9
27

8
8

_
-

72
72

_

-

8
8

3
3

92
92

38
15

11
11

2
2

_

-

-

-

1

-

118
118
118

-

-

-

-

“

-

9
9

-

1
1

-

19
19

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

11
2
9

2
2
-

99
99

61
61

-

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

22
9

-

“

33
29

-

-

-

-

-

29
19
5

61
90
21

95
23
22

93
12
31

20
8
12

92
91
1

93
92
1

12
5
7

39
39

19
18
1

12
12
“

19
19
“

2
2

17
17

90
~
90

“

_
-

9
9

9
9

70
16
59

11
11
-

14
19
-

21
21
“

12
7
5

70
26
99

28
2
26

77
67
10

16
6
10

18
18

42
92

29

16

29

16

58
3
55

70
70

50
23
27

16
10
6

15
9
11

18
7
11

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
-

-

5

22
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

102
1
101

58
3
55

69

7
7
-

13
2
11

17
6
11

5

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

69

38
17
21

132
1
131

92
10
32
10

16
9
7
1

28
20
8
4

13
4
9
3

32
12
20
13

22
15
7

10
7
3

-

-

-

8

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

at end of table s.




-

6.60

16
12

-

Ai...
See f oo tn ote s

OF —

3 . 20 3 . 9 0

1.356
265
1 .0 9 1
590

-

OOLLARS)

3.10

TRUCKDRIVERS..................................................
MANUF ACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING.................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .......................

-

(IN

6.20

2.90 3 .00
AND
UNDER
3.00 3.10

$ 9 .6 1 - $10.20
5 .156.89
9 .2 5 - 10.20
1 0 .2 0 - 10.20

HOURLY EARNINGS

10

-

“

5
9
8
1

2

9

-

2
2

9
2

-

8

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry division

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM*
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry division

AND
MEN

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
57
51

MAINTENANCE

A v erage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

S6.95
6.79
ORDER F I L L E R S .....................................................

MECHANICS

401

6.80

8.40
321
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

479
278
201

5.60
5.14
6.24

FORK LIFT OPERATORS.........................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

434
204
230

6.58
6.69
6.49

1*098
81
1*017

5.41
3.16

B........................................... 1 . 0 4 3

3.21

8.85

26

5.22
5.64

9.15
9.25

110
110

7.05

113
72

MATERIAL HANDLING L A B O R F R S . ..................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

321
284

8.31

MANUFACTURING.............................................
TOOL AND DIE

MAKERS......................................

MANUFACTURING.............................................
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

U T I L I T I E S .................................

516
197

PUBLIC

6.27
7.41
9.82
4.01

GUARDS*

CLASS

999
639

7.72

TRUCKDRIVERS* TRAC T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

313
273
134

8.36
8.79
9.86

MANUFACTURING.............................................

42

917
73
844
42

3.30
4.56
3.19
4 .07

72

TRUCK................

3.51

46
37

4.86
4.63

713
696

3.01
2.99

5.62

TRUCKDRIVERS.

MEDIUM

J A N IT O R S .

AND C L E A N E R S . . . .

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

S H IP P IN G
135

4 .92

PACKERS..............................................

5.13

53

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

PORTERS.

J A N IT O R S .

See fo ot n ot e s at end o f ta b le s .

11

PORTERS.

AND C L E A N E R S . . . .

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Oklahoma City, Okla., for selected periods
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r ou p 5

A l l i n d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _______________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g .
_________ _________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ________________________________________
S k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s . . . ______________________
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s _____________________ ________
M a n u fa c t u r i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l - ________________________________ _____
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________________________
S k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s _________________________________
N on m a n u f ac tur i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _______________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k il l e d plant w o r k e r s _________________________________




See fo o t n o t e s

July 1972 July 1973 t o A u g u s t 1974 A u g u s t 1974 A u g u s t 1975 A u g u s t 1976 A u g u s t 1977 A u g u s t 1978
to
to
to
to
to
13-m o n t h An n u al r a t e
A u g u s t 1975 A u g u s t 1976 A u g u s t 1977 A u g u s t 1978 A u g u s t 1979
Ju ly 1973
increase
of increase

5.5
(6)
7.9
4.7

6.2

8.9

7.5

6.7

7.6

8.5

(b)

(‘ )

(6)
9.8
13.2

( 6)
(6)
8.9
5.2

7.5
10.6

(‘ )
(6)
9.9
9.1

(<“ )
(6)
9.5
12.9

9.3
8.1

9.7
10.5

7.3
8.7

( 6)

( 6)

8.6
10.0

( 6)

8.8
7.6

( 6)

11.7

( 6)

8.9
7.8
(6)
10.2
11.2

9.4
10.5

9.1
6.0

7.9
9.7
(6)
9.1
5.3

8.2
7.0

8.9
7.6
( 6)
9.3
10.9

( 6)

8.7
10.6

(b)

( 6)

( 6)
4.1

12.6
10.3

10.8
(6 )
(6)
11.6
9.5

5.4

8.1

7.5

8.8

7.2

8.2

(‘ )
( 6)

n
( 6)

(‘ )
( 6)

(?)
(6)

(?)
( 6)

(6)
(6)

4.8

11.2

10.3

9.6

6.2

3.5

a t end of t a bl es .

12

( 6)

(6)
9.3
10.0

(6)

( 6)

12.0

8.5

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n b e in g c o m p a r e d —
O c c u p a ti o n w h ic h eq u a ls 100
Class A

SECRET ARI ES * CLASS A........................
SEC RE TAR IES . CLASS B ..............................
SEC RE TAR IES . CLASS C........................
SECRE TA RIE S. CLASS □ ........................
SEC RE TAR IES . CLASS E........................
STENOGRAPHERS. SEN IOR .....................
STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL...................
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P I S T S . .
T Y P I S T S . CLASS A .................................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS B.................................
F I L E CLERKS. CLASS B........................
F I L E CLERKS. CLASS C . ............. ..
MESSENGERS................................................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS.....................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N IS T S ......................................
ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A.....................
ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B.....................
ACCOUNTING CLER KS. CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B . . . .
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS. CLASS B..........................
PAYROLL CLERKS............. ........................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

Stenographers

Secretaries

100
118
137
124
143
142
155
160
159
167
166

Class B

Class C

Class D

Class E

Senior

General

Tran­
scribingmachine
typists

Class A

Class B

Class B

Switch-

Class C

Typists

F ile clerks
Messengers

Switch­
board
operators

recep ­
tionists

Order clerks

Accounting clerks

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

208
134

100
114
109
130
127
141
151
142
150
144
162
179
128

100
104
119
114
127
133
119
129
147
14 7
153
122

100
110
(6)
121
122
117
130
(6 )
156
161
122

100
(6 )
117
129
118
133
127
143
164
108

1 00
121
( 6)
1 10
( 6)
136
( 6)
(61
95

100
108
101
109
114
127
137
95

100
94
102
118
(61
125
(6)

100
113
129
(6 )
135
89

100
109
121
124
86

100
(61
(61
79

100
115
(6 )

100
79

126
113
112
111
133

120
(6 )
(6 )
105
125

115
101
129
98
119

114
(6 )
(6 )
93
108

1 14
( 6)
( 61
84
106

107
(61
(61
78
91

107
(6)
(61
77
94

97
(6)
(6)
84
95

86
(6 )
(6 )
77
90

86
73
99
76
89

92
(6 )
(6 >
64
80

83
(61
(61
68
85

(61
( 61
(61
85
106

100
72
96
85
104

100
135
102
137

100
78
104

100
125

(6 )
82
99
116

(6)
79
84
(6 )

(6)
87
91
101

(6 )
79
87
96

(6)
71
79
88

(6 1
71
73
(6 1

(61
64
73
77

(61
85
97
107

92
84
96
111

(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
134

(6 )
(6)
99
104

125
101
110
132

99
86
89
109

Class A

Class B

100

112
80
94
95

K ey entry operators
Payroll
clerks

100

143
(6 )
(6 )
123
154

Bookkeepin gmachine
operators,
class B

(6)

161
127
138
164

12 6
107
124
140

(6 )
102
112
134

(6 )
106
105
126

(6)
95
106
115

100
81
(6)
(6 )

100
110
115

100
122

100

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o cc u pa t io n b e in g c o m p a r e d —
Computer programmers (business)

Computer systems analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A........................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B.......................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) » CLASS C........................
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ___
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C . . .
DRAFTERS. CLASS A ...............................
DRAFTERS. CLASS B ...............................
DRAFTERS. CLASS C ...............................

Class B

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Drafters

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

100
85
113
137
(6)
(6)
(6)

100
126
142
84
111
128

100
126
67
92
102

100
(6 )
74
93

100
121
158

100
128

100

100
122

100

126

113

1 00

137

123

1 22

100

(6)
144
193
244
136
(6)
206

(6 )
143
181
201
133
(6)
169

(6)
1 19
145
1 85
131
( 6)
177

131
112
134
176
(6)
110
139

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o cc u p a t io n s w it hi n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
o c c u p a ti o n d i r e c t l y a b o v e in the he ad in g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a r n i n g s f o r the o c cu p a t i o n d i r e c t l y to the l e f t in the stub.
in the he ad in g a r e 15 p e r c e n t b e l o w ea r n in g s f o r the oc cu pa t io n in the stub.
Se e a pp e nd ix A f o r m e t h o d o f co m pu ta ti on .




13

F o r e x a m p l e , a v al u e o f 122 in d ic a t e s that e a r n i n g s f o r the
S i m i l a r l y , a v al u e o f 85 in d ic a t e s e a r n i n g s f o r the occu pat ion

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Oklahoma City, Okla., August 1979
M a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p a ti o n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
O cc u p a ti on w h i c h eq ua ls 100

Mechanics
Electricians

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S .............
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M A C H IN E R Y )...........................................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ..............................
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS..........................
STATIONARY ENGINEERS.......................

Stationary engineers

T oo l and die makers
M achinery

M otor vehicles

100
103

100

104
94
(6)

105
92
107

100
(6 )
99

100
(6)

100

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l o cc u pa ti on being c o m p a r e d —

Truckdrivers
Shippers

TRUCKDRIVERS. LI GHT TRUCK...........
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM T R U C K . . . .
TRUCKDRIVERS. T R A C T 0 R -T R A I L E R .
S H IP P E RS .....................................................
RECEIVERS..................................................
SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS..................
UAREHOUSEMEN...........................................
ORDER F I L L E R S .........................................
S HI P PI N G PACKERS.................................
MATERIAL HANDLING L A B O R E R S . . . .
FORKLIFT OPERATORS............................
GUARDS. CLASS B....................................
J A NI T O RS . PORTERS. AND
CLEANERS...................................................

Receivers

Shippers and
receivers

M edium truck

100
(6)
80
(6)
(6)
(A )
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6 )
100
(6)

100
96
111
113
(6 )
115
(6 )
(6 )
126
(6 )
123

100
(6)
166
(6)
(6)
102
(6)
(6 )
101
138

100
103
(6)
98
87
109
81
82
(6)

100
(6)
105
91
100
91
89
(6)

100
(6 )
(6 )
(6 I
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6)

151

129

112

112

(6 )

M aterial handling
F o rk lift operators
laborers

Order fillets

Shipping packers

100
104
112
118
102
114

100
94
100
101
(6)

100
104
98
(6)

100
96
(6)

100
(6 )

(6)

109

108

114

(6)

Janitors, porters,
and cleaners

100

121

Warehousemen

Guards, class B

Tractor-trailer

Light truck

100

Se e fo ot n ot e at end of t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pa y r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o cc u p a t io n s w it h in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a v a lu e o f 122 i n d i c a t e s that e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a ti o n d i r e c t l y
a b o v e in the he ad in g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a r n i n g s f o r the oc c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y t o the l e f t in the stub.
S i m i l a r l y , a v a lu e o f 85 in d i ca t es e a r n in g s f o r the o c c u p a t io n in the h e ad in g a r e 15 p e r c e n t
b e l o w e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a ti o n in the stub.
Se e a p p e n d ix A f o r m e th o d o f c om pu ta ti o n.




14

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r an d/ or p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k ly h o u rs.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r each jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sam e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
th e s a m e o r le s s than th e r a te shown. T h e m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d by tw o
r a te s o f pay: a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s ea rn the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u r th e a rn the sam e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .




3 E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n was
p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e ek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en o.nly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s re la te
to m en and w o m en .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

15




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In ea c h o f the 72 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u rv e y e d , the B u re a u ob tain s
w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e fits d a ta fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in
s i x b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s ; M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re a lso e xclu d ed b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . A p p e n d ix tab le 1 show s the n u m b er
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to V e w ith in the s c o p e o f th is s u r v e y ,
as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c tu a lly stu d ied .
B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s ob tain d ata by p e r s o n a l v is it s at 3 - y e a r
in t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e tw o in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o lle c te d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it ,
m a i l q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g
in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e sc o p e of the s u r v e y is s e le c te d
f o r stu d y p r i o r to ea c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w h ic h g o ou t o f b u s in e s s o r a re no lo n g e r w ith in the in d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r the fo llo w in g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts n ew to the a r e a a re not c o n s id e r e d in the s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y u n til the s e le c t io n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and
n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le
is s e le c t e d , w ith ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e ­
le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n
o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W h en d a ta a r e c o m b in e d ,
ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n so
th at u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e l f plus
t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a lte r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o se n in the
s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s if ic a t io n i f d ata a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l
s a m p le m e m b e r . I f no s u ita b le s u b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is
a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r th at is s im ila r to the m is s in g u n it.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
tu r in g
O f f ic e

O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s ;
(1 )
c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,

and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p ation al
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n e d to take
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sam e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a re lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the job
t it le s a re f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tab les b eca u se
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a re not
p r e s e n te d w hen the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in data fo r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l,
d a ta a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- tim e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s
d ata e x c lu d e p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a ys ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e ex c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a re in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hours f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occu p ation s a re
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d ivid u a l jo b s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
F o r e xa m p le,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y change, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an oc c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a re e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite ,

a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .

In d u s tries

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S.
a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e p ay l e v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s should
not be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid incu m b ents a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m ber a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s of
oc c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied.
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a rn in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s
as f o llo w s :

in the p r o g r a m a r e com p u ted

1.

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s a r e com p u ted f o r e a c h o ccu p atio n f o r
the 2 y e a rs bein g c o m p a re d .
The a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
fr o m e a rn in g s in th ose e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d th at e m p lo y m e n t
rem a in s unchanged.

2.

E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a sed on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te em p lo ym e n t in th e oc c u p a tio n a l grou p in the
base y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
Each occu p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u cts a r e to ta le d to
obtain a grou p a v e r a g e .

4.

Th e r a tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t chan ge.

W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tre n d job s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c to r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occu p a tio n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p aid under plans
p ro v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t chan ges r e la t e to w a g e chan ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a tes.
W hen the tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e a ls o shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p ation s u sed to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C o m p u te r o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C o m p u te r s y s te m s an a lysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C




In d u s tr ia l n u rses
R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nur s e s
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce
C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plant
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l handling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth o d u sed to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s ," M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e pay re la tio n sh ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
R e la tiv e m e a s u re s o f o c c u p a tio n a l p a y a r e p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 8
fo r w h it e - c o lla r occu pations and in ta b le A - 9 f o r b lu e - c o lla r occu p a tio n s.
T h e s e r e la t iv e v a lu e s r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay b e tw e e n occu p atio n s w ith in
in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m en ts .
R e la tiv e pay v a lu e s a r e com p u ted b y d iv id in g an
e s ta b lis h m e n t's a v e r a g e earn in gs f o r an o c c u p a tio n b ein g c o m p a re d by the
a v e r a g e fo r an oth er occu p ation (d e s ig n a te d as 100) and m u ltip ly in g the qu o tien t
by 100.
F o r e x a m p le , i f ja n ito r s in a f i r m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and f o r k l i f t
o p e r a to r s $ 5 , f o r k lift o p e r a to r s h a ve a r e l a t i v e p a y v a lu e o f 125 c o m p a re d
w ith ja n ito r s .
($ 5 -f $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.)
In c o m b in in g the r e la t iv e s of
the in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m en ts to a r r i v e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e , each e s ta b lis h ­
m en t is c o n s id e r e d to h ave as m a n y r e la t iv e s as it has w e ig h te d w o r k e r s
in th e tw o jobs b ein g c o m p a red .
P a y re la tio n sh ip s b ased on o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s m a y d i f f e r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e ca u s e o f the v a r y in g co n trib u tio n o f h ig h - and lo w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p le , the o v e r a l l a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r f o r k l i f t
o p e r a to r s m a y be 50 p e rc e n t m o r e than th e a v e r a g e f o r ja n ito r s b e ca u s e the
a v e r a g e fo r fo r k lift o p e r a to r s m a y be s tr o n g ly in flu e n c e d b y e a rn in g s in
h ig h -w a g e e s ta b lish m en ts w h ile the a v e r a g e f o r ja n ito r s m a y be s tr o n g ly
in flu e n ce d b y e a rn in g s in lo w -w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
In such a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t r e la tio n s h ip w i l l in d ic a te a m uch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e
in e a rn in g s .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T ab u latio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p ro v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n fo r m a ­
tio n f o r th e s e tab u lation s is c o lle c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e tab u la tion s
on m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r ­
e n tia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly hours and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and p e n s io n p lans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p re v io u s b u lletin s f o r this a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Oklahoma City, Okla.,1August 1979
Industry division 2

ALL

INDUSTRY

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o pe
o f study

D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------TR AN SPO RTA TI ON. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------RE T A I L TRADE6 --------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . INSURANCE. AND REAL EST A TE 6 -----------S E R VI C ES 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

W it h in s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

Studie d
Number

Percent

582

153

114.661

100

65.685

50

130
452

45
108

35.095
79.566

31
69

24.931
40.754

50
50
50
50
50

49
73
169
79
82

18
12
37
16
25

16.326
6.374
35.119
11.773
9.974

14
6
31
10
9

13.207
1.514
17.769
3.997
4.267

1 T h e O k la h o m a C i t y St and ar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d by
the O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u dg et thr ou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s i s t s o f C an ad ia n,
C l e v e l a n d , M c C l a i n , O k la h o m a , and P o t t a w a t o m i e Co u nt ies .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and
c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y.
E s t i m a t e s a r e not int en de d,
h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n wi th ot h er s t a t i s t i c a l s e r i e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r en d s
o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) pla nning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t data c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of the p a y r o l l p e r i o d studied, and (2) s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the sc o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it i o n o f the Stan da rd I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M an ua l was u sed
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by i n d u s t ry di v is i o n .
A l l gov e rn m e n t operations a re
e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s wi th t ot a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m
lim itation.
A l l ou t le t s ( w it h in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r ie s such as t r a d e ,




W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W it h in sc o p e o f study 4

f in a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as one
establishment.
4 In cl u de s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h in the
a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s .
T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e xc lu d ed .
O k la h om a C i t y ' s t r a n s it
s y s t e m is m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e f in i ti o n f r o m the s c o p e o f
the study.
6 S e p a r a t e data f o r this d i v i s i o n a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but
the d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in the " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " e s t i m a t e s .
7 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b il e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , and p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and
architectural services.

19




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
in to a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y
o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its g ro u p in g oc c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B ec a u se o f th is e m ­
p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s
a r e in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; and p a r t t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicap p ed w o r k e r s w h ose
e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h a ndicap a r e a ls o ex c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly in c lu d e d in the
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

O ffice
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y a c t iv it ie s o f
th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l duties
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e and un derstand in g o f th e o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued
e.

f.
E x c lu s io n s . N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

m eet

the "p e r s o n a l"

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ich m e e t the r e q u ir e d c h a r a c te r is t ic s a re m atch ed
at one o f f iv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a ) the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) the le v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e ta b u la tion fo llo w in g the exp lan ation s o f th es e
tw o fa c to r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y fo r ea c h com b in atio n o f
th e fa c t o r s .

b. S te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u ties;
S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e as s is ta n ts to a gro u p
f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

d.

A s s i s t a n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , or s u p e r v is o r y duties
w h ic h a r e n ot t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e . g . , A d m in is tr a tiv e
A s s is t a n t , o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t:




T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l

s e c r e t a r y con cep t

c.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not fit any o f the situ ation s lis te d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t it le d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e rs o n s ;

of p ro ­

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
LS—1

21

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l
unit (e . g . , fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

SECRET ARY— C ontinue d

SECR ETAR Y— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l — C ontinued

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l— Continued

b.

LS—2

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f ic e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
or e x p ert.
(N O T E :
M an y co m p a n ie s a s s i g n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r them s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in
the d e fin itio n fo r LS—3, but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth e r
su b d ivid ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o ; or

b.

a.

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility ( L R )
T h is fa c to r e v a lu a te s the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia tiv e and
at L R —1 o r LR —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, fa c t o r y , e tc ., (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r
than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

LS—3

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the ab ove LS d e fin itio n
r e f e r s to th ose o f fic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o lic y m a k in g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s id e n t , "
though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d oes n ot in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such
p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to act p e r s o n a lly
on in d iv id u a l ca s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loa n
o r c r e d it a c tio n s; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t accou n ts; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a
c l e r ic a l s ta ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u rp o s es
o f a p p lyin g the d e fin itio n .

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

n a tu re o f the w o r k r e la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
and the exten t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r ie s should be m a tc h e d
a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .

L R —1. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l du ties in c lu d in g o r
to m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
a.

c.

d.

e.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p any that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




p erson a l

T y p e s , tak es and tr a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m a k es

and

opens

ap p oin tm en ts

in ­

M ay

as

L R —2. P e r f o r m s
duties d e s c r ib e d under L R —1 and, in a d d ition
p e r fo r m s ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w l­
ed ge o f o ffic e functions in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0
but fe w e r than 25 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

M aintains s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cted .

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; or

b.

R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ic a l a c c u ra c y .

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s .

a.

A n s w e rs telep h on e r e q u e s ts w h ich h a ve sta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to re q u e s ts by sen d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p lan t, fa c t o r y , e tc ., (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; o r

A n s w e rs te le p h o n e s ,
com in g m a il.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l ) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity (e . g . , m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e gm e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

g re e ts

c o m p a ra b le

a.

b.

A n s w e rs r e q u e s ts w h ich r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo r m a tio n f r o m f i le s o r
oth er o ff ic e s .
M ay s ig n ro u tin e c o r re s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n a m e.

c.

22

S c re en s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te rm in in g w h ich can
be handled b y the s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o th e r o ff ic e s .

C om p iles o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o r ts
o f g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s .

on the b a s is

SECRETARY--- Continued

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TY PIS T

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y (L R —2)— C ontinued

P r im a r y duty is to ty p e co p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w r itte n
c op y .
M a y m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S e e S te n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n fo r w o r k e r s in v o lve d
w ith shorthand d ic ta tio n .)

d.

S c h e d u le s te n t a tiv e a p p oin tm en ts w ith ou t p r io r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a ck grou n d m a t e r ia l fo r s c h e d u le d m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n ts fo r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ir e m e n ts to o th er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )
T Y P IS T

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r
LS and L R c o m b in a tio n .
L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v is o r ______

each

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
L R —1

LS—1________________________________
LS—2_____________________________________
LS—3_______________________________________
LS—4__

C la s s
C la s s
C las s
C la s s

L R —2
E
D
C
B

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m a d e b y an oth er p e rs o n . M a y inclu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r use in d u p licatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r f o r e ig n la n gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r planning lay ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b alan ce in
s p a c in g . M a y typ e rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n using shorth and, and to tr a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n cop y. M a y o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r .
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o c a b u la r y such as In le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M a y
a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the
fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic s p eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ain ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l. D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e
c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i ng: C op y typ in g fr o m
rou gh o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le stan d a rd ta b u la tio n s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s if ie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u al task s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
con ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s req u e sted ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e rfo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s il y c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s req u e sted ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

23

MESSENGER

ORDER CLERK— Continued

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r ic a l w o rk . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a ­
tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

C la s s B.
H an d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in s d r e that p r o p e r ite m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a t e
b ranch exch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgo in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a te le p h o n e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r ic a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occu p y th e m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f
o r lead o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a re
exclu d ed .
F o r an o p e r a to r who a ls o a cts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itch b oard
O p e ra to r -R e c e p tio n is t.

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r if y i n g th e in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f ac c ou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is tr ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p re p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w o r k in e ith e r a m an u a l o r au to m a te d a c c o u n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f th e fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w o rk in v o lv e s
b u siness and
p ria te p e rs o n
a rra n g in g an

s in g le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a cts both as
s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te rm in in g nature o f v is it o r 's
p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c on ta ctin g that p e rs o n by te le p h o n e and
ap poin tm en t; k e ep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d
d e fin itio n s :

into

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is o f

th e

fo llo w in g

C lass A .
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n ! which r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or n o n r e p e tit iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d ac c o u n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s ac c ou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

ORDER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
o r m e rc h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e rs o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e c o m b in atio n o f the fo llo w in g d u ties:
Quoting p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a i l ­
a b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g substitutes, when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
ex p e c te d d e liv e r y d ate and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r
s h e e ts ; c h eck in g o r d e r s h eets fo r a c c u r a c y and
adequacy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e rta in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to see that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ic e
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la s s B .
U n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd ize d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e ac c o u n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and c o d in g d o c u m e n ts u s in g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g cod es.

E xc lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose du ties
include any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than fo r
m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p ro v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n su lta tiv e a d v ic e
using k n o w led g e g ain ed f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ;
e m p h a s izin g s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l
p art o f the job .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b oo k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

fo llo w in g

C la ss A .
K e ep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b oo k k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m i l ia r i t y w ith th e s tr u c tu r e
o f th e p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s A . H an dles o r d e r s that in v o lv e m aking ju d gm en ts such as
choosing w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u ct o r m a t e r ia l f r o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's p rod u ct
lin e s w ill s a tis fy the c u s to m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te rm in in g th e p r ic e to be
quoted when p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e f e r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m aking som e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e ctio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts
(n ot in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) ,

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re




c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

24

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR— Continued

BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tro l, e tc .
o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l
th e accou n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

M ay check
sh e e ts fo r

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r ship p ing c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r ic a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m achine b ille r s a r e c la s s ifie d by ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d discou n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m ay o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o ften done on a fan fo ld m a ch in e.
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a bookk eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m achine a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com p u tes and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK

C la s s B . W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m ents w h ich h a ve b een c od e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p ro c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e en p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c tin g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s
o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo rm a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p ro c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. D e v elo p s a co m p lete
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l com p u ter p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con ditions
and c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s nu m ber and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docu m en ts to be used; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g em en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p ro b le m s
and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s te m s ; and rec o m m e n d s
equ ip m en t chan ges to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lys ts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e
th e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
For

P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l task s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; ad ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r chan ges
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x dedu ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c tin g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r ts .
In a nonau tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s .
W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la tio n s , com pany p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEY ENTRY OPERATO R
O p e r a te s a k eypu n ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b etic and/or
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on tap e.
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

a r e c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a s is o f

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keyp u n ch o p e r a to r s .




w age

study

p u rposes,

s y s te m s

a n a lys ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h ases o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s am in t e g r a te d p rod u ction s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f ea c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a re in itia te d by the c o m p u te r.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r chan ges and fo r ob taining
equ ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l s ys te m s

an alysts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u rc e s o f input data
a r e h om ogen eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d ,
(F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accoun ts in a bank, m ain ta in in g
accoun ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

accounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t- m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f th e data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .

lin k a g e p oin ts b etw een o p e r a tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e ­
q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d com p u ter s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m an ip u la tion
and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n ­
m en ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk
is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
in s u re p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s es as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, into a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. W o rk in g f r o m
c h arts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n gu a ge , cau se the m an ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and
d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich d ata w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to co d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e ca u s e c om p u te r equ ip m en t
m ust be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
nu m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e nu m b er
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such actio n s as
d e ve lo p m e n t o f com m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , ad aptin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and sequ en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h er l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt task s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and con cep ts u sually le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c om p eten c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e cts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro ced u res.
C O M PU TER O PERATO R
M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data ac c o rd in g to o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Stu d ies in s tru c tio n s to
d e te rm in e equipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s e q u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta rts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m ad e du rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h ases o f p r o g r a m m in g
con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g ra m s and c h arts w h ich id e n tify
the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
plans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the
com p u ter s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .




M a y p ro v id e fu n ctio n al
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

For

w age

study

p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
c om p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c om p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f the p ro g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s

COMPUTER OPER ATO R— Continued

D R A FTE R -TR AC E R

r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in case o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly s h o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cause and tak es c o r r e c t iv e action . T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p ro g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , or u sing
s ta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs b y p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)

OR

AND /O R

O p e r a t e s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e com p u ter equ ip m en t u sed and
a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in co m p u te r o p e ra tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p re c e d en ts .
W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each chan ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c om p on en ts and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility co d e te rm in e m a llu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g con d ition .
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ip m en t (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig ita l and
a n alog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ip m en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as co m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who h ave a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y u sed .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is ch e c k ed f o r t e c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

P o s itio n s
d e fin it io n s :

c la s s ifie d

in to le v e l s

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad van ce te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p ro b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot b e s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equ ip m en t. E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and freq u en t
e n g in e e r in g c h an ges. W o rk in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n derstan d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ependent ju d g m en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m ak in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
ships in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in s tru m e n ts (e .g ., dual
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types o f
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg e sted m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




are

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on

27

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN

e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o s e used b y the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n ctio n s such as th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t fo r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heating units, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
e qu ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o rk in g stan dard com p u tation s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e le c t r ic a l equipm en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h an d tools and
m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ­
ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic es h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id ance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
task s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c om p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e qu ip m en t; and u sing to o ls and com m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u ltim e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p eten c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n . W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t-c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
when new o r ad van ced a s s ig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE S
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Duties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; atten ding to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p atien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id en t r e p o r ts fo r co m p en s a tio n o r
o th er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plann ing and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
health ed u cation , a c c id en t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rse a re e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
p ain tin g b y r e m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , w h ite lea d , and oth er paint in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t's
han d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
stan d a rd m achine to o ls ; shaping o f m e t a l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g
stan d a rd shop com putations r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and s p eed s o f m ach in in g; k n o w led g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the co m m o n
m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a t e r i a l s , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e usu ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s ,
co u n te rs , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e
o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l
in s tru c tio n s ; u sing a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n te r 's h a n d too ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls ,
and stan dard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g stan d a rd shop com p u tation s
re la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the
w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a irs m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t to d iagn ose s o u rc e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f han d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
ob ta in ed f r o m stock ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a ch in e shop or sending the m ach in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in ten a n ce m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly




M AIN TEN AN CE MECHANIC (Machinery)— Continued

M ILLW RIG H T— Continued

a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r i­
e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o rk ; in t e r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s tan d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to s tr e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan d a rd t o o ls , eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d riv e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e the u se o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g
b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m o to r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

m e c h a n ic s

who

r e p a ir

cu s­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to tra d e :
In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and hold ing m a te r ia ls and
t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a re a lso p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r oth er
w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c ou p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fitt e r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m achine
t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l fo r use in m ak in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta liic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m ach in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cuttin g to o ls and adjust g u id es , s to p s , w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tro ls to handle th e s iz e o f sto c k to be m ach in ed ;
d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ ence o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n sio n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coo la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix t u r e s
(su ch as m ach in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han d tools in cu ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shap in g,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cuttin g to o ls , g a u g es , or
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , or
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan d in g th e w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
com m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h ea vy equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w hen changes in the plant la y ou t a re
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out




29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k s ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u tatio n s;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la t e d e qu ip m en t; using
v a r io u s t o o l and die m a k e r 's h andtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t -tr e a t in g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P e r f o r m s c le r ic a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in con n ection w ith shipping
good s o f the e s ta b lis h m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m en ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - to - d a y , ro u tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In handling unusual n o n rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c ific g u id ­
ance fr o m s u p e rv is o r o r oth er o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t iv it ie s o f oth er w o r k e r s e n gaged in h a n d lin g good s to be ship p ed o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ies (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,’ h eat, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir co n d itio n in g. W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pum ps;
m ak in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch ecks w a te r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s
a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e ep tru c k in
g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

t r u c k d r iv e r s

R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and
qu a n titie s unloaded again st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e
r e c e ip t s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r d a m a ged g o o d s ; in s u rin g that
good s a re a p p ro p ria te ly id e n tifie d f o r ro u tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p re p a r in g and k eep in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
Sh ip per
R e c e iv e r
S h ip per and r e c e iv e r

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ire c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n derstandin g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to ry o f s to re d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m age; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it fo r shipm en t. M ay o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e Sh ip per and R e c e i v e r and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tru c k , under 1 V2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , 1 V2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tru c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u su a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a i l e r




S h ip p ers ty p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a re a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f good s g a th e re d fo r shipm ent a g a in st d oc u m e n ts ; in s u r in g that sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p ack aged , id e n tifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p re p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s s h ip p ed , e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f la d in g.

O R D E R F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g ood s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in ­
d ic a tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la te d duties.

SHIPPING PAC K ER

GUARD— Continued

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , th e s p e c if ic o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p ac k ed , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c ra te s a r e exc lu d e d .

fo o t o r by m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M ay be d ep u tized
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h elp v i s it o r s and c u s to m e rs by an sw erin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls
o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n load s h ip s , a re e x c lu d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t go o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
t r u c k , as fo llo w s :

c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k l i f t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than f o r k lift )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a ge , o r p e rs o n s f r o m h a za rd s
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p ost, m a k in g roun ds on
o r in t e r f e r e n c e .




G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is o c cu p atio n .

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , gu ard s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . E n fo r c e s r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p re v e n t b re a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and uses d is c r e tio n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s
and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s
e n c o u n te red .
D e te rm in e s w h eth er f ir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in t e r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g fo r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k e e p situ a tio n under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n so th at it can be h andled by a p p ro p ria te au th ority.
D uties
r e q u ir e s p e c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p ro te c tin g s e c u rity
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te continuing p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s and p r o f ic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.
C la s s B .
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d t o w a r d
in s u r in g that e m e r g e n c ie s
and s e c u r ity v io la tio n s
a re r e a d ily d is c o v ­
e r e d and r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d ir e c t ly on ly in
situ a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r ty or p e rs o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is not r e q u ir e d
to d e m o n s tr a te p h y s ic a l fitn e s s .
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not
r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s or s p e c ia l
w eapon s.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c on d ition fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u se, o r c o m m e r c ia l or
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w ee p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th er
r e fu s e ; d u sting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu re s or
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g
l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

31

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a i l a ­
b le , a t no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a c k c o v e r .

A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a —
Standish—T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u gu sta, Ga.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R ou ge, L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont— o r t A r th u r —O ra n g e
P
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la —
M o s s P o in t, M is s .
B ingham ton , N . Y.
B irm in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g to n — in c e n n e s , Ind.
V
B r e m e r to n — h elton , W ash.
S
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iow a
C h am p aign — rbana—R an tou l, 111.
U
C h a r le s to n — o rth C h a r le s to n —
N
W a lte r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r lo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Term .—K y.
C o lu m b ia — u m te r, S .C .
S
C olu m b u s, G a.— la .
A
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C o n n e cticu t (s ta te w id e )
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C ru c e s ,.
A
T e x .—N. M ex.
E u gen e— p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S




F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R aton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith , A r k . —O kla.
F o r t W ayn e, Ind.
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb an o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e — p a rta , W is .
S
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —Ton op ah , N ev .
L e x in g to n — a y e tt e , K y.
F
L im a , O hio
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r th L it t le R ock , A r k .
L o r a in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h ore , M d.—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M c A lle n — arr^-E d in b u rg
Ph
and B r o w n s v ille — a r lin g e n —
H
San B en ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m outh, and
O cean C o u n tie s, N. J.
M o b ile — e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
P
A la . —F la .
M on tan a (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille — a v id s o n , T enn.
D
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y — en tu ra , C a lif.
S
V
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h — u rh am , N .C .
D
R eno, N ev.

R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a, Kans.
S a lin a s — e a s id e — o n te re y , C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n — enison , T e x .
D
S h re v e p o r t, La.
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ea stern M a ssa ch u setts
S ou th ern Idaho
Sou th w est V ir g in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
Stockton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u c s o n — ou glas, A r iz .
D
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P en in su la , M ich.
V a l l e j o - F a i r f ie l d —Napa, C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Isla n d s o f the U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W e s te r n and N o r th e r n
M a s s a c h u s e tts
W ic h ita F a lls —Law ton — ltu s,
A
T e x .—O kla.
Y a k im a —R ichlan d —K en n ew ick —
P e n d le to n , W ash.—O reg .

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s ,
a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 2004, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1978, $ 2 .4 0
a c op y , f r o m any of1 the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w . B u lle tin s
m a y be p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g
O ffic e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 20402. M ak e ch eck s p ayab le to S u p erin ten d en t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u rv e y s , c o v e r in g th e y e a r s
1970 th ro u gh 1977, is a v a ila b le on req u e st.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1978 __________________________________________
A lb a n y —S c h en e cta d y —T r o y , N. Y . , Sept. 1978 1________________
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a—G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1979___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1978 1 ____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 78 _______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 78 __________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 1______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1________________________________________
C anton, O hio, M a y 1 978__________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1978 1__________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1979___________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O hio—K y .—In d ., J u ly 1979 1________________________
C le v e la n d , O hio, S ep t. 1 9 78 _____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1978 1 ____________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1979 1______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1978 1
__________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1979_______
R
D ayton , O hio, D e c . 1978 _________________________________________
D a y to n a B ea ch , F la . , A u g . 1978 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 8 _____________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1979 1____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1979______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , S ept. 197 8 _____________________ ______________
G a r y — a m m o n d —E a s t C h ic a g o , Ind., O ct. 1979 1_____________
H
G r e e n B a y, W i s . , J u ly 1979_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n - S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1 9 78 __________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1979 1__________________
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1979_____________________________________
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1979________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1979______________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s . , Jan. 1979 1_____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1978 __________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 78 ___________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif. , O ct. 1978 1 ________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1978 _____________________




B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *
2025-63, $ 1 .0 0
2025-58, $1 ,2 0
2025-65, $1 .3 0
2050-20, $1.30
2025-50, $ 1 .5 0
2025-38, $1 .0 0
2025-15, 80 c en ts
2025-43, $ 1 .5 0
2025-71, $1 .3 0
2025-22, 70 c en ts
2025-51, $ 1 ,2 0
2050-21, $ 1 .7 5
2050-28, $2.00
2025-49, $1.3 0
2025-59, $1.5 0
2050-33, $ 1 .7 5
2025-52, $1.5 0
2050-10, $1.0 0
2025-66, $ 1 .0 0
2025-48, $1.0 0
2025-68, $ 1 .2 0
2050-7,
$1.50
2050-25, $1.50
2025-45, $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2050-31, $1 .5 0
2025-46,
2050-29,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050-3,
2025-57,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025-69,
2025-62,

$ 1 .0 0
$1.7 5
$1.10
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .5 0
$1.20
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$1.0 0
$ 1 .0 0

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1
__________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan. 1979________________
N a s sa u — u ffo lk , N. Y . , June 1979_______________________________
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1979_________________________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1979 1_________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y .—N. J ., M a y 1979________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each —P o rts m o u th , V a.—
N .C ., M a y 1979 1 ________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o r t N ew s —H am pton , V a.—N .C . , M a y 1978____________ N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1979 1 __________________________
O k lah o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1979_______________________________
Om aha, N e b r .—Iow a, Oct. 1978_________________________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1979______________ ,___
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1978 _____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1 ____________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e, D ec. 1978 1 ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 1979______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , June 1979_________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n —N ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1979________
K
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck e t, R .I.—
M a s s ., June 1978________________________________________________
R ich m on d , V a ., June 1979_______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1979 1 _______________________________
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 1978 ________________________________ _
Sagin aw , M ic h ., N ov. 1978 ______________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —O gden, Utah, N ov. 1978 1 _____________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1979____________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1978____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif., M a r . 1979____________________
San J ose, C a lif., M a r. 1979_____________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W ash ., D ec. 1978_____________________________
South Bend, Ind., A u g. 1978_____________________________________
T o le d o , O hio—M ic h ., M a y 1979__________________________________
T re n to n , N. J ., Sept. 1978 1 ______________________________________
U tic a - R o m e , N .Y ., July 1978___________________________________
W ash in gton , D .C .- M d .- V a ., M a r . 1979_______________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1979_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1979__________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1979_____________________________________________

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *
2025-60, $1.30
2050-8,
$1.30
2050-1,
$1.30
2050-36, $1.75
2050-5,
$1.30
2050-2,
$1.30
2050-30, $1.75
2050-22, $1 .7 5
2025-21,
2050-32,
2050-37,
2025-56,
2050-26,
2025-54,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2050-27,
2050-34,
2050-35,

80 cents
$1.75
$1.50
$1.00
$1.50
$1.30
$1.50
$1.20
$1.75
$1.50
$1.50

2025-27,
2050-24,
2050-13,
2025-75,
2025-64,
2025-72,
2050-17,
2025-73,
2050-14,
2050-19,
2025-74,
2025-44,
2050-16,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2050-4,
2050-18,
2050-23,
2050-6,

$1.40
$1.50
$1.50
$1.00
$1.00
$1.30
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
$1.00
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20
$1.0 0
$1.20
$1.00
$1.50
$1.00

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

Region lit
3535 Market Street,
P.O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI
Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (AreaCode214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102