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'zC & d ro -/* ?

Area
Wage
Survey

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-19




San Jose, California,
Metropolitan Area
March 1979

Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h 197 9 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tional e a r n in g s in the San J ose, C a l i f o r n i a , St an dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a tis tic a l
Area.
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was con du ct ed by the B u re a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of
Susan H olla nd , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
The survey
could not ha ve b een a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n of the m any f i r m s
whose w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n
in this bulletin.
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n for- the
cooperation rec e iv e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b li c ation is in the public d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit
the B ure au of L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c ite the name and nu m b er of this
publication.




Area
Wage
Survey

San Jose, California,
Metropolitan Area
March 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
T ab les:

For sale by the Superintendent ot Docu­
ments, U S . Government Printing Office,
Washington. D C. 20402, G PO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1.10 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents




Page

T able s— C ontinued

September 1979
Bulletin 2050-19

Page

Earnings, all establishments:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of offic e w o r k e r s ______ 3
A-2 .
Weekly earnings of p ro fes s io n al
and technical w o r k e r s __________________
5
A -3.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, pro fessio n al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x _____________
7
A -4.
Hou rly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
8
w o r k e r s __________________________________
A -5. Hou rly earnings of m a te r i a l
movement and custodial w o r k e r s _____
9
A -6. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, to olr oom , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l movement, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x _____________ 10
A-7.
P e r c e n t in c re as es in a v e ra ge
hourly earnings f o r selecte d
occupational groups_____________________ 1 1
A -8. A v e r a g e pay relationships
within establishments
f o r w h i t e - c o l l a r w o r k e r s ________________ 12
A -9. A v e r a g e pay relationships
within establishments
f o r b l u e - c o lla r w o r k e r s ________________ 13
Earnings, large establishm ents:
A-10.
Weekly earnings o f offic e w o r k e r s _____14
A -ll.
Weekly earnings o f p ro fes s io n a l
and technical w o r k e r s ____________________ 16
A-12.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, p rofessio n al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x _______________18

Earnings, la r g e establishments—
Continued
A -13. H ourly earnings of maintenance,
to olr oom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s __________________________________ 18
A -14. H ou rly earnings of m ate ria l
m ovem ent and custodial
A-15.

A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p ow erplant, m a t e r i a l movement, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by s e x ______________ 20

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

Scope and method of survey__________ 22
Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____________ 25

Introduction

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u re au o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s condu cts s u r v e y s of oc c u p atio n al e a r n i n g s and
r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts .
(S e e l i s t of a r e a s on in s i d e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a ,
e a r n in g s data f o r s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually.
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is ob ta in ed e v e r y t h ird y e a r .
T h i s r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b l e s .

m anufac tu rin g and no nm anufa ct uring i n d u s t r i e s .
T h e occup ations a r e d e fin e d
in A p p e n d ix B. F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - 1 0 th ro ugh A - 1 5
p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n in g s
of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and nonm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m ain te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n onm anu fa cturin g b e c a u s e the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this occupational g ro u p in no nm anu fa ctu rin g is too s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a rate p re s e nta tion .
T h i s ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l im in a tio n of chan ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
inclu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e appendix A.

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have b e en c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r eac h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a
s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p r e s e n t s na tional and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a te s , exc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro ugh the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o ccup atio n,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.

T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v i d e f o r the f i r s t t i m e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
pay r e la tio n s h ip s w it h in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
T h ese m easu res m ay d iffer con­
s i d e r a b l y f r o m the pay r e la tio n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s pub lis hed in ta b le s
A - l th ro ugh A - 6 . See appendix A f o r d e ta ils .

Appendixes
Ap p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c on c e p ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A - s e r i e s ta b l e s

or

T ab les A - l
hourly earnings

A p p e nd ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s
p r e s e n t a t i v e s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y occupation.

th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
f o r w o r k e r s in oc c u p atio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of




2

used

by

B u re a u f i e l d

re­

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Occupation

and

industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

NUMBER

120

OF

UORKERS

RECEIVING

STRAIGHT -TIM E

MEEKLY

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

Median2

Middle range 2

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

2 60

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

130

Mean2

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

240

260

2 80

300

32C

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

1

4

17

64

653

7 37

791

584

254

348

144

71

28

17

7

-

-

-

26

141

457

561

565

3 80

156

327

126

56

14

3

i

1

4

38

44

98

196

176

226

204

98

21

18

15

14

13
4

4

*

3
14

63
19

239

-

3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

19

30

21

10

12

9

12

i

3

3

i

-

-

■

-

-

1

6

22

21

10

10

9

11

i

3

3

i

-

_

-

_

3

7

55

90

101

138

89

84

61

40

8

i i

1

_

_

-

-

2
2

2

4

43

80

94

107

54

33

2

10

1

-

-

1

3

12

10

7

31

60
29

76

-

8

7

7

6

1

-

-

-

41

210

283

441

2 86

127

90

48

20

i

-

-

ANO
UNDER

S E C R E T A R I E S .......................................................................................

4 .02 6

40 .0

*250.50

*244.00

H A N U F A C T U R I N 6 .....................................................................

2 .8 5 2

40 .0

254.50

247.50

2 2 2 .5 0 -

277.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

1 .174

4 0 .0

241.50

240.00

2 1 0 .0 0 -

269.00

S 2 1 8 .5 0 -S 2 7 5 .0 0

3

i

A ..............................................

122

4 0 .0

304.50

291.00

2 6 6 .0 0 -

336.00

-

.....................................................

98

4 0 .0

314.50

297.00

2 7 5 .0 0 -

357.50

-

....................................

690

4 0 .0

276.00

2 7 1.0 0

2 4 3 .0 0 -

305.50

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

568

4 0 .0

275.50

2 6 8.00

2 4 2 .0 0 -

308.50

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

122

4 0 .0

278.00

2 7 6.30

2 5 3 .5 0 -

298.50

-

-

-

-

C ..............................................

1 .576

4 0 .0

252.00

2 5 0 . CO

2 3 0 .0 0 -

272.00

_

-

-

_

5

8

-

-

-

-

13
-

31

179

200

275

140

64

79

46

14

i

-

3
-

5

8

13

10

31

83

166

146

63

i i

2

6

-

-

3

-

-

8

19

11

99

222

270

193

99

9

10

22

7
_

5

_

_

_

16
6

2
-

2

_

_

_

2

7

3

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

SECRETARIES*

CLASS

m a n u fa ctu r in g
s ec r eta r ies

*

SECRETARIES*

class

CLASS

b

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

1 .029

4 0 .0

251.50

247.50

2 2 5 .0 0 -

267.50

-

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

547

4 0 .0

253.50

254.00

2 3 8 .5 0 -

275.00

-

0 ..............................................

978

4 3 .0

232.50

230.00

2 1 0 .0 0 -

248.50

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

642

4 0 .0

235.50

235.00

2 1 4 .3 0 -

251.00

-

NONMANUFACTURINE.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

336

4 0 .0

227.50

2 1 8.50

2 0 7 .0 0 -

238.50

-

..............................................

610

4 0 .0

240.00

2 2 0.50

2 0 1 .5 0 -

301.50

_

-

SECRETARIES*

class

e

_

-

2

-

9

-

74

101

1 92

155

82

3

8

A

10

11

25

121

78

38

17

6

2

1
-

2

28

26

84

153

90

35

29

8

154

_

1

8

7

25

121

86

35

29

8

154

-

_

_

_

-

_

1

-

1

20

19

59

32

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

17

21

29

26

43

28

42

17

8

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

474

4 0 .0

253.50

232.00

2 1 4 .0 0 -

318.00

-

136

4 0 .0

194.00

195.00

1 8 5 .0 0 -

200.50

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ................................................................................

246

4 0 .0

217.00

216.30

1 8 5 .0 0 -

246.00

-

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

170

4 0 .0

227.00

222.50

1 9 4 .5 0 -

251.00

-

-

-

5

1

18

21

37

23

35

15

5

10

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

76

40 .0

194.50

180.00

1 7 C .5 0 -

218.00

“

1

4

12

20

11

5

6

5

7

2

3

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS*

S E N I O R ..........................................

144

205.50

194.00

1 8 0 .3 0 -

219.00

-

*

-

3

15

18

24

17

31

14

9

1

2

10

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS*

G E N E R A L .......................................

102

4 0 .0

233.00

241.00

2 1 7 .5 0 -

255.00

-

1

-

1

?

3

5

9

12

14

33

16

6

-

-

T Y P I S T S ......................................................................................................

710

4 0 .0

207.50

1 9 3 . OC

1 7 0 .0 0 -

254.00

21

32

38

37

45

66

83

77

61

43

45

48

47

67

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................................

382

4 0 .0

231.00

2 3 0.50

1 8 4 .0 0 -

291.00

-

45

67

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

328

3 9 .5

180.50

180.00

1 5 5 .5 0 -

200.00

21

A .............................................................

529

40 .0

223.00

20 7.5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -

266.50

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

283

40 .0

250.00

26 2.5 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -

299.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

CLASS

o

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

T Y P IS T S .

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

36

38

29

11

33

39

47

39

32

32

12

9

2

11

24

50

54

61

56

42

44

44

47

67

_

_

-

27
-

29

7

29

28

10

33

35
9

45

67

-

-

2

21 5.0 0

2

11

24

27

21

47

32

28

32

11

1 3 4 .5 0 -

184.00

21

30

27

13

18

16

29

16

5

1

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................................

99

4 0 .0

176.00

176.00

1 6 2 .5 0 -

186.50

-

6

6

11

16

16

29

9

1

1

-

8

3

3

16

_

14

80

28

39

26

4

4

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .............................................................

76

4 0 .0

190.00

164.00

1 6 1 .5 0 -

238.00

52
-

3

23

2

6

1

3

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N E .........................................................

192

3 9 .5

139.00

134.00

1 2 6 .5 0 -

147.00

52

76

11
17

4
4

36

3

2

2

2

-

-

181.50

164.30

1 5 5 .0 0 -

190.00

-

5

8

14

18

3

8

3

-

-

_

_

o

o

F IL E

CLER KS.

CLASS

B ..............................................

77

F IL E

CLERKS.

CLASS

C ..............................................

181

3 9 .5

136.00

132.50

1 2 6 .5 0 -

146.00

52

75

20

25

8

1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

161

3 9 .5

135.00

132.50

1 2 6 .5 0 -

138.00

52

71

10

24

3

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

21

1 6 8 .5 0 -

162.00

-

-

45

159.50

1 3 2 .5 0 -

-

29

184.50

140.00

-

16

162.50

153.50

-

11

192.00

39. 5

-

-

26

40 .0

268

_

-

6

3 9 .5

C L E R K S .......................................................................................

_

-

32

181

F IL E

_

6

246

CLASS

-

26

B .............................................................

T Y P IS T S .

-

2

-

O

SECRETARIES*

CLASS

_

3

4
4

-

_

2

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

14

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, San Jose, Calif., March 1979— Continued
^^^eekl^Tarnln^^^"
(standard)
Occ up a tio n and i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woxken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Mean2

Median2

WORKERS

Middle range 2

170

180

190

200

2 20

240

2 60

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

140

150

160

1 70

180

190

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

-

-

2
-

26
25

31
22

19
18

11
9

9
8

25
22

6
6

4
4

“

*

3
3

19
19

3
3

5
4
i

14
12
2

19
9
10

10
4
6

21
15
6

14
8
6

ii
9
2

3
3
“

2
1
1

1
1

_
-

-

21
21

21
19
2

59
15
44

57
32
25

63
44
19

48
44
4

28
7
21

26
18
8

16
6
10

3

~

3

-

-

-

-

~

-

4
4

26
23

21
-

50
21

3

6

49
35

1
1

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

48
38

~

-

-

-

-

-

"

4
4

26
23

21

50
21

3

41
38

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

18
18

_

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

32
14
18

75
45
30

218
108
110

286
200
86

325
237
88

256
195
61

4 59
278
181

222
182
40

118
79
39

156
63
93

61
35
26

28
13
15

8
7
i

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

3

-

20
18
2

87
75
12

143
108
35

343
2 21
1 22

171
1 39
32

91
72
19

76
52
?A

55
35
20

28
13
15

8
7
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144
89
60

9 0.0
3 9.5
9 0.0

2 0 7 .0 0
2 25 .0 0
1 82 .0 0

1 95 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
1 89 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0 1 8 2 .5 0 1 9 9 .5 0 -

2 30 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0
2 05 .5 0

3
3

S W IT CH BOA RD O P E R A T O R R E C E P T I O N I S T S .................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................
N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ..................

392
206
136

39. 5
39. 5
9 0.0

1 73 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 75 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 72 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 6 .0 0 -

1 87 .0 0
183 .0 0
190 .5 0

-

ORDER C L E R K S ......................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................

215
129

3 9.0
3 8.5

2 00 .0 0
2 07 .0 0

1 96 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0 1 7 7 .0 0 -

2 9 7 .0 0
2 5 3 . CO

_

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS* C L A S S B •••
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................

170
105

3 9.0
3 8.5

1 8 6 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 77 .0 0
2 01 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0 -

2 01 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

_

-

-

-

2 .2 68
1 .9 69
809

9 0.0
9 0.0
9 0.0

2 0 3 .5 0
2 03 .0 0
2 0 9 . 50

1 96 .0 0
1 96 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 1 7 2 .5 0 -

2 24 .0 0
2 2 3 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0

2
2
-

22
6
16

1 .029
793
286

9 0.0
9 0.0
39. 5

2 23 .0 0
2 22 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 1 9 8 .0 0 2 0 1 .5 0 -

2 40 .0 0
2 38 .0 0
2 44 .0 0

_

-

-

-

1 .239
721
518

9 0.0
9 0.0
9 0.0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0

1 80 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 6 9 .5 0 -

1 96 .0 0
1 91 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

2
2
-

22
6
16

PA YRO LL C L E R K S .................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................
N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ....................

235
191
99

39. 5
39. 5
3 9.5

2 17 .5 0
2 10 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

2 19 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
2 20 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 -

2 40 .5 0
2 24 .5 0
2 68 .0 0

-

-

KE Y

959
9 65
999

39. 5
3 9.5
3 9.5

2 0 8 .0 0
2 1 5 .5 0
2 01 .0 0

2 00 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
1 90 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0 1 9 1 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 -

2 2 2 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0
2 15 .5 0

_
-

“

283
156
127

9 0.0
9 0.0
39. 5

2 96 .0 0
2 97 .0 0
2 95 .0 0

2 9 2 .5 0
2 3 2 .0 0
2 9 5 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 2 0 6 .0 0 2 1 8 .5 0 -

2 75 .5 0
295 .5 0
2 69 .0 0

-

-

6 76
309
367

39. 5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 9 2 .5 0
2 00 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0

1 90 .0 0
1 98 .5 0
1 90 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 1 6 9 .0 0 -

2 07 .0 0
213 .0 0
196 .0 0

-

A ............

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ....................

B ............

* 1 6 1 . 0 0 - *20 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 10 .0 0

-

-

-

-

214
105
109

2 66
182
84

238
162
76

113
87
26

116
57
59

51
43
8

27
7
20

80
11
69

6
6

“

-

_

4
2
2

27
23
4

6
5
i

39
18
21

11
5
6

55
48
7

30
13
17

16
14
2

27
2
25

3

13
7
6

3
3
-

-

3

22
20
2

23
1
22

88
18
70

63
41
22

89
28
61

193
70
123

213
1 34
79

83
45
38

49
32
17

64
28
36

39
15
24

30
30
-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

~

5
i
4

13
11
2

11
8
3

64
39
25

40
22
18

28
13
15

53
17
36

36
12
24

30
30

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

58
40
18

76
17
59

182
62
120

149
95
54

43
23
20

21
19
2

11
11

3
3

_
~

-

-

-

-

22
20
2

4

23
1
22

88
18
70

~

-

-

“

~

75
45
30

-

-

-

3

-

-

9
8
1

-

7
7

29
14
15

-

-

6
6

4
3
i

See footnotes at e nd o f t a b le s .




OF —

160

S WIT CH BOA RD O P E R A TO R S ............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ...............
N O NM A N UF A C TU RI N G ..................

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .............................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ....................

DOLLARS!

150

*17 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S ..................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .............................
N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ....................

(IN

1 40

1 1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S R
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................
N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ....................

EAR N IN G S

130

3 9.5
3 9.5

A

WEEKLY

120
AND
UNDER
130

139
1 20

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..................

STRA IGHT - T I N E

Of

MES S EN GE RS ............... .. .........................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...........................

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S ..........................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................
N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ..................

R EC EIV IN G

NUMBER

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

“
-

-

-

“

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers,San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard]

Mean2

Median2

NUMBER

Middle range2

OF

160
AN 0
UNDER
180

180

2 00

220

2 40

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

3 80

4 00

420

440

460

500

540

580

620

660

200

2 20

290

2 60

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

500

540

580

620

660

700

-

1
1

-

-

42
42

40
12
28

51
14
37

45
28
17

110
67
43

92
40
52

87
48
39

100
40
60

57
41
16

252
119
133

121
53
68

142
39
103

27
12
15

11
6
5

4
4

-

4
4
-

-

4
4

-

3

4
2
2

3

1
2

1
2

13
9
4

14
11
3

116
58
58

73
36
37

124
26
98

23
8
15

11
6
5

4
4
-

9
9
-

38
28
10

84
65
19

63
38
25

83
47
36

85
29
56

41
28
13

132
57
75

46
15
31

18
13
5

4
-

-

-

WORKERS

RECEIVIN G

S TR A IG H T--T IM E

CO MP U TE R S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ...................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .........................................

1 .1 8 6
528
658

C OMP UT ER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ' C L A S S A ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

39 a
162
232

9 0.0
90. 0
90. 0

5 19 .5 0
5 12 .5 0
5 29 .0 0

5 18 .5 0
9 97 .5 0
590 .5 0

9 8 8 .0 0 9 8 1 .5 0 9 9 2 .5 0 -

562 .0 0
5 58 .0 0
5 66 .5 0

-

COMPU TER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ' C L A S S R ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
NONMA NUF A C T U R I N 6 .............................. ..............

610
336
279

90.0
9 0.0
39. 5

9 3 0 .0 0
9 21 .0 0
4 4 1 .0 0

9 21 .5 0
9 13 .0 0
9 31 .5 0

3 8 5 .0 0 3 7 6 .0 0 9 0 7 .5 0 -

9 67 .5 0
9 6 0 .0 0
9 89 .0 0

-

CO MPU TE R S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ' C L A S S C ....................................

182

9 0.0

3 39 .0 0

3 29 .0 0

3 0 1 .5 0 -

3 79 .5 0

-

-

-

4

-

-

CO MPU TE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .........................................

1 .222
923
299

90. 0
9 0.0
9 0.0

351 .5 0
3 58 .0 0
3 31 .5 0

3 9 5 . 50
3 55 .0 0
333 .5 0

3 1 7 .0 0 3 2 9 .0 0 2 9 9 .0 0 -

3 89 .0 0
3 97 .0 0
369 .0 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

22
17
5

43
10
33

36
28
8

COMPU TER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A . . . . . . . . . . .........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .........................................

929
290
139

90. 0
9 0.0
9 0.0

391 .0 0
9 0 0 .0 0
372 .0 0

389 .0 0
399 .0 0
3 7 9 . 50

3 6 2 .5 0 3 7 0 .0 0 3 9 1 .0 0 -

916 .0 0
923 .0 0
389 .0 0

-

-

-

C OMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS ( R U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ......................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

927
330
97

9 0.0
90. 0
9 0.0

396 .5 0
359 .0 0
3 19 .5 0

392 .0 0
3 95 .5 0
3 17 .0 0

3 1 7 .0 0 3 2 5 .0 0 2 9 9 .0 0 -

377 .0 0
385 .0 0
3 99 .0 0

-

C OMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS ( R U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ......................................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

369
68

9 0.0
9 0.0

312 .0 0
269 .5 0

310 .0 0
2 53 .0 0

2 8 7 .0 0 2 5 3 .0 0 -

338 .0 0
2 90 .0 0

-

-

C OMP UTE R O P E R A T O R S ...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................. ..

856
551
305

90. 0
9 0.0
9 0.0

2 67 .5 0
2 78 .5 0
2 97 .5 0

261 .0 0
2 79 .0 0
236 .0 0

2 2 9 .0 0 2 3 0 .5 0 2 1 3 .5 0 -

3 05 .5 0
3 18 .0 0
2 82 .0 0

16
2
19

52
23
29

COMPU TER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ...............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

300
172
128

9 0.0
9 0.0
9 0.0

301 .5 0
3 23 .0 0
272 .0 0

307 .0 0
318 .0 0
2 8 1 . 50

2 7 9 .0 0 3 0 5 .5 0 2 3 5 .5 0 -

3 26 .0 0
3 91 .5 0
302 .5 0

_

-

C OMP UT ER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ...............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .........................................

361
293

9 0.0
9 0.0

2 62 .0 0
2 70 .5 0

259 .0 0
269 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0 2 3 0 .5 0 -

2 77 .0 0
2 83 .0 0

-

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ...............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .........................................

195
136

90. 0
9 0.0

2 2 6 .0 0
237 .5 0

213 .0 0
221 .5 0

1 9 8 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0 -

2 39 .0 0
295 .5 0

16
2

9 0 .0 * 9 9 5 .5 0
9 0.0
995 .5 0
90. 0
996 .0 0

*99 8 .5 0
4 44 .0 0
9 5 2 .5 0

* 3 8 2 .0 0 -* 5 0 2 .5 0
3 8 3 .5 0 - 988 .0 0
3 7 9 .5 0 - 518 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

2
2

4
2
2

-

-

-

DOLLARS)

OF —

4

-

40

34

38

7

23

25

1

2

2

4

2

~

-

-

-

116
66
50

120
86
34

199
159
40

152
123
29

140
105
35

160
111
49

107
96
11

61
59
2

26
24
2

36
35
1

1
1
-

3
3
-

_

_

_
-

3
3

2
1
1

45
15
30

37
34

72
40
32

108
59
49

68
57
11

46

19
17
2

20
19
1

1
1
“

3
3
“

14
14
-

7
7

-

-

15
15
“

3

44

2

-

“

~

*

8
7
i

12
10
2

50
18
32

46
23
23

82
72
10

84
58
26

38
35
3

31
31
-

32
32
-

19
5

35
32

24
6

63
15

72
10

72
"

31
-

30
~

21
-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

108
71
37

139
64
75

111
67
44

93
69
24

88
53
35

98
69
29

49
40
9

37
28
9

42
42
-

20
20
-

1
1
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

“

-

52
52

12
3
9

12
10
2

39
14
25

90
65
25

42
36
6

26
17
9

9
9
-

18
18
-

_
-

_

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

8
8

32
32

1
1

_

-

"

2
2

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

(IN

8
8
-

-

5
5

55
24

53
37

83
49

80
59

35
26

4

97
18

53
97

39
27

16
15

i

14
13

4
4

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

U E E K L Y E A R N IN G S

5

-

-

■

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

“

_

-

“

”

“

_

_

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, San Jose, Calif., March 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

NUHRER

OF WORKERS

R EC EIV IN G

S TRAIGHT -T IM E

WEEKLY E A R N IN G S

<IN

DOLLARSI

OF—

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

180

200

220

2 40

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

4 00

4 20

440

460

500

540

580

6 20

660

180

O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

4 40

460

500

540

580

6 20

6 60

7 00

22
22
-

44
33
11

90
75
15

85
70
15

118
108
10

120
108
12

101
76
25

81
71
10

85
76
9

59
40
19

34
31
3

41
35
6

27
25
2

18
16
2

8
8
-

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

1
-

16
15

31
28

26
23

46
43

48
46

24
23

33
30

41
35

27
25

18
16

8
8

-

-

-

-

44
34
10

85
81

79
70
9

52
45

32
25

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_

7

35
17
18

1
1

7

31
30
1

37
33

17
12
5

10

23
8
15

3

-

-

_

10

_
-

_
-

160
ANO
under

D R A F T E R S ..................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ...................................

9 33
794
139

4 0 .0 4 2 8 5 .0 0
4 0.0
2 85 .0 0
39. 5
2 85 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

319
2 92

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 4 1 .5 0
3 42 .0 0

3 31 .0 0
3 30 .0 0

3 0 5 .5 0 3 0 5 .5 0 -

386 .5 0
387 .5 0

_

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S R ................................... •• •
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ............................... . . .

377
318
59

40. 0
4 0.0
3 9.0

2 76 .0 0
2 7 3 .0 0
2 93 .5 0

2 6 9 .0 0
2 6 8 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0

2 4 9 .3 0 2 4 9 .0 0 2 4 4 .5 0 -

3 02 .5 0
2 93 .5 0
356 .0 0

_

D R A F T E R S . C L AS S C ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ................................... . . .

217
164
53

4 0.0
4 0.0
39. 5

2 24 .5 0
2 17 .0 0
2 48 .0 0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0
2 3 2 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 1 9 4 .5 0 2 0 5 .0 0 -

242 .5 0
2 29 .5 0
290 .0 0

4 ,0 5 3
3 .8 81
172

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

2 90 .0 0
2 87 .0 0
3 65 .0 0

2 8 2 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0
3 6 9 .5 0

2 4 9 .0 0 2 4 7 .5 0 3 1 4 .0 0 -

1 ,3 86
1 .3 07
79

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

3 4 6 .5 0
3 42 .0 0
4 19 .0 0

3 4 4 .0 0
3 39 .5 0
4 2 5 .0 0

1 .500
1 .412

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 76 .5 0
2 74 .0 0

1 .1 6 7
1 .162

40. 0
4 0.0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ........................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ...................................
E L E C T R O N IC S t e c h n i c i a n s . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ...................................

».

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

R.

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

C.

N U R S E S ....

50

O

IN D U S TR IA L

O

REGISTERED

* 2 7 7 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0

* 2 3 6 .0 0 -4 3 2 5 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0 - 324 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0 - 333 .0 0

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

43
18
25

14

2

-

-

-

2

2
2

“

“

2

2

-

2

“
“

“

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

“

“

“

“

~

-

-

2
2
-

16
13

20
20

41
30
11

60

-

6
6

-

326 .5 0
323 .0 0
4 16 .5 0

17
17
-

122
122
-

216
216
-

374
374

66 5
66 4
1

5 27
521
6

550
519
31

406
393
13

371
353
18

215
203
12

232
209
23

150
1 37
13

147
135
12

14

3 1 5 .5 0 3 1 3 .0 0 3 9 7 .0 0 -

378 .0 0
370 .0 0
436 .5 0

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

227
227

-

-

-

40
40
-

127
127

-

11
11
-

253
253
“

181
180
1

214
202
12

1 27
114
13

145
135
10

43
18
25

14
“
14

2

2 7 5 .0 0
2 7 3 .0 0

2 5 3 .5 0 2 5 2 .0 0 -

294 .5 0
291 .0 0

_

62
62

141
141

275
27 4

346
3 40

368
339

125
114

103
85

32
21

17
7

23
23

2
“

-

-

-

6
6

“

2 41 .0 0
2 40 .5 0

2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 -

257 .5 0
2 57 .5 0

17
17

116
116

154
154

233
233

37 9
37 9

141
141

55

54
52

15
15

2
2

3 4 2 .0 0

3 3 7 .5 0

3 2 0 .5 0 -

363 .0 0

*

“

“

“

“

1

2

9

14

7

10

-

1

53

-

3

48
12

See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

6

4

4

-

3

-

-

-

~

-

2

“

~
“

-

-

-

-

“

"
5

_

”

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Avene*
(mean*)
O cc upatio n,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE

O CCUPATION S
HEN

s ec r eta r ies

O CCUPATION S
WOMEN

Weekhr
hour*
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(mean2)

Avenue
(mean2)
Occup a tio n ,

se x, 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earning*1
(standard)

O F F I C E O CCUPATIONS WOMEN— C O N T I N U E R

-

M E S S E N G E R S .......................................................................
OFFICE

Number
o4
worker*

55

39.5

* 2 0 0 . 0 0 S W IT C H BO A R D

Occup a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
earning*1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D
C OMP UTE R PROGRAMMERS i R U S I N E S S ) . •••
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ............ ••••••••••

OPERATOR-

136

9 0.0
3 9.0
38.5

1 99 .5 0
2 06 .0 0

COM PUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ?
C L A S S A . . . ••• •••• •••••..........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .................................................

274
18 2

4 0.0
40.0
4 3 .C

* 355.00
362 .5 0
3 35 .0 0

1 75 .0 0

''C 9
1 26

N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N E ............................................

:

866
636
2 30

40.0
9 0.0

978
SECRETARIES*

CLASS

9 0.0

2 90.50

B2

ORDER

C L ER K S?

CLASS

8 . . . . . ..................

1 10

9 0.0

2 75.50

165
103

1*318
4 94

4 0.0
3 9.5

2 50 .0 0
2 51 .0 0

1 *89 2

4 0.0

666

5 29
136

9 0.0

2 0 0 .5 0

90.0
40.0

2 93 .5 0
1 94.00

CLASS

E ....................................

39.5

1?097
633

9 0.0
9 0.0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
149

40.0

231 .0 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

252

186 .0 0
19 3 • 30

682
3 56

40.0
4 0.0

2 08.00
2 33 .0 0

208
123
85

39.5
39.5

40.0

2 22 .5 0

795
922

3 9.5
3 9.5

609
354

3 9.5

1 9 1 .5 0

K EY E N T R Y
169

40.0

OP E RAT OR S?

CLASS

P ............

1 62.50

C L E R K S ....................................................................

261

39.5

1 52 .0 0

............................................

192

39.5

1 39.00

n o n h a n u fa c tu r in f

70

9 0.0

C ....................................

181
161

39.5
3 9.5

1 36 .0 0
1 35.00

M E S S E N G E R S ......................................................................

82

39.5

1 9 -’ . ",0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN
CO MPU TE R

SYSTEMS

CLASS

566
COMPUTER

9 0.0

9 5 5 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G .............••••••••••••••
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

2 10
119
91

4 0.0
40.0
9C.0

2 97 .0 0
325 .5 0
2 60 .0 0

1 16
51

39.5
9 0.0

COMPUTER

O PE R AT O R S?

CLASS

B ...............

297
85

9 0.0
9 0.0

2 65 .5 0
2 91 .5 0

COMPUTER

OPFRA TORS ? C L A S S

C ......

1 13

90.0

2 2 6 . 50

ELECTRON ICS TEC H N IC IA N S :
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . •••••••••••••••

164

40.0

367 .5 0

TECH N ICIAN S*

CLASS

a

:

ELEC TR O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N S ? CLASS C .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ..................... .. ............................
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS -

SYSTEMS A NA LYSTS

40.0

420 .5 0

860
8 55

9 0.0
90.0

2 95 .0 0
299 .5 0

87

90.0

255 .0 0

TECHNICAL
WOMEN

operators:
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ................................ ..

206 .5 0
1 75 .5 0
SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS
34^




2 6 9 . 5C
243 .5 0

(B U SIN E S S )?

com puter

COMPUTER

See footn otes at end o f tables

2 71 .5 0

4 0.0
4 0.0

(B U SIN E S S )?

77

COMPU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
(B U S IN E S S !? CLASS B :
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G .............................................

COM PUTER PROGRAMMERS
class c:

ELECTR O N ICS

1 75.00

CLERKS?

PROGRAMMERS

ANALYSTS

1 80.00

FILE

356 .0 0
3 22 .5 0

4C.0

COMPU TER

2 0 6 .0 0

513

FILE

4 0.0
4 0.0

570
210

182 .5 0
1 81 .0 0
2 16 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
22
->0

292

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
SECRETARIES?

900 .0 0
3 8 5 . 5C

199 .5 0

3 9.0
30.5

50

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers,
San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

NUMBER

6 .2 0 6 .6 0
AND
UNDER
6 .6 0 7 .0 0

Middle range 1

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ................................... ...

too
98

1 9 . 39
9 . 39

19.37
9 . 37

1 9 .3 7 9 .3 7 -

19.52
9 .5 2

M A IN T E N A N C E e l e c t r i c i a n s ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

238
192

9 .3 6
9 . 30

9 .9 1
9 .9 1

8 .2 1 8 .2 1 -

10.85
1 0.85

-

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

68
62

9 . 36
9 . 39

9 . 32
9 .7 8

8 .5 7 8 .5 7 -

9 .9 2
9 .9 2

-

M A IN T E N A N C E ME C HA N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ............................. ...................

302
302

8 . 50
8 . 50

8 .5 7
8 .5 7

8 .2 1 8 .2 1 -

9 .1 6
9 .1 6

-

M A IN T E N A N C E MEC HA N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) .................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ......................................

139
59
80
78

9.
9.
9.
9.

18
15
21
21

9 .0 3
9 . 21
9 .0 3
9 .0 3

8 .7 8 8 .6 5 8 .7 9 8 .7 9 -

9 .7 8
9 .8 4
9 .7 8
9 .7 8

TO O L ANO D I E MAKERS............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

220
228

1 0 . 89
10.99

1 0.83
1 0 . 93

1 0 .2 1 1 0 .2 1 -

1 1.00
11.00

r e c e iv in g

- TIM E

HOURLY

E A R N IN G S

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0 0 1 1 . 8 0 1 1 . 8 0 1 2 .2 0

7 . 40

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .8 0

7 .8 0

7 . 80

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9.8 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0011 .8 0 1 1 . 8 0 1 2 . 2 0 1 2 .6 0

1
1

5
5

8
8

2
2

44

82

22
22

2
2

16
16

-

-

-

-

73
57

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

22
21

5
5

20
19

13
13

12
9

26
8

_

-

60
57

-

-

19
18

-

5
5

1
1

15
9

6
6

12
12

6
6

4

_

4

-

5
5

-

4
4

18
18

132
132

29
29

16
16

49
89

11
11

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

9
9

38
13
25
25

29
12
17
15

22
5
17
17

4

11
11
-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

5
5

19
19

20
20

87
87

21
21

52
52

8
8

10

-

-

-

35
35

-

10
10

8

s tr a ig h t

7 .0 0

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




OF UORK ERF

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

_
11
11
11

6
6

_

2
2

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Hourly earnings 4

O ccupatio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean *

Median*

NUMBER OF WORKER*
2 .8 0 3 .0 0
AMO
UNDER
3 .0 0 3 .4 0

Middle range 2

R EC EIV IN G

S TR A IG H T-TIM E

HOU RL Y

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .00

7 . 40

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

3 .8 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .40

7 . 80

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0011 . 4 0

1
1
-

22
17
5
-

-

7
3
4
-

139
70
69
62

488
16
4 72
2 32

-

* 8.9*
9 .5 3
8 .9 4
9 . 68

1
* 8 .5 6 8 .5 6 8 .5 7 8 .6 7 -

*9.68
9 .7 1
9 .6 8
9 .6 8

-

-

-

38
38
-

-

-

-

-

6
4
2
-

-

5
4
1
-

T R U C K .....................

50

6 .7 8

6 .2 6

5 .3 0 -

8 .2 6

-

-

-

3

2

1

19

-

-

T R U C K O R I V E R S . MEDIUM T R U C K ..................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N E .............................................

9 3*
1*7
787

8 .7 1
9 .0 1
8 .6 5

8 .9 4
9 .5 8
8 .9 4

7 .5 9 8 .5 6 7 .5 9 -

9 .6 8
9 .7 3
9 .6 8

_
-

_

-

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

3
3

_
-

5
4
i

L IG H T

-

-

OF —

DOLLARS!

3 .8 0

S 8 . 80
8 .8 2
8 . 79
9 . 23

TRUC KO RIVERS.

(IN

3 .4 0

1 .8 0 7
A75
1 .3 3 2
6 36

T R U C K O R I V E R S ................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N E ............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .......................................

E A R N IN G S

-

-

-

~

8
8
-

23
2
21
-

3
2
1
-

-

-

2

-

2

12

8
8
-

23
2
21

1

281
281

1
1

27
27
-

189
189
232
63
51

4
4
-

46
46

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

15

-

46

~

40
40

10
10

4
~

”

669
259
410
291

40

25

40
40

25
10

5

-

392
101
291

”

“

-

126

-

146

”

4

1

2 83
2
281
1

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6011 . 0 0

-

-

“

H E A V Y T R U C K .....................

* 7*

9 .2 1

8 .7 3

8 .6 7 -

9 .5 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

TRUCKO RIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R .. . .
N O N N A N U F A C T U R IN E ................

305
112

9 .3 5
9 . 25

9 .5 3
8 .9 6

8 .7 4 8 .7 4 -

9 .7 1
9 .8 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

4
4

38
7

S H I P P E R S . . . . . . . . . . . . ..........................................

7*

6 .3 5

5 .9 *

5 .9 4 -

6 .6 0

-

-

-

-

-

6

7

-

i

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

21
21
-

9

-

-

“

~

“

-

9

2
2
“

-

-

82
54
28

22

-

4
4

24
2*

-

68
68

-

1
-

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

~

“

“

"

35

100
37
63

136
28
108

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

“

~

“

”

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

30
30

-

“

164
109
146
129
17

11
10
1

-

10

-

“
“

“

10

7
7

“
“

-

-

“

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS*

-

-

_

_

_

14

_

34

4

R E C E I V E R S ............... .........................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .................................

235
101
13*

7 .5 1
8 . 10
7 .0 7

8 .5 0
8 .5 5
5 .9 4

5 .9 4 8 .5 5 5 .9 4 -

8 .5 5
8 .5 5
8 .5 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .................. .......................

151
1*5

4 .9 8
4 . 94

4 .8 2
4 .7 5

4 .6 1 4 .6 1 -

5 .2 4
5 .2 1

_

_

_

-

-

7
7

55
5*

33
33

14
12

3
3

5
4

1

-

27
27

W A R E H O U S E M E N . . . . .....................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..................... ......................

882
* 75
*07

6 . 22
5 . 20
7 .4 1

6 . 22
4 .6 3
7 .5 9

4 .5 4 4 .2 1 6 .2 2 -

8 .2 9
5 .5 0
8 .7 4

_
-

_
-

-

-

38
37
1

61
61
-

135
1 35
-

8*
84
-

32
28
4

37
28
9

33
6
27

93
20
73

87
87

-

35

ii
ii
“

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S . . . . .........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................

227
91

5 .4 2
5 .0 7

5 .6 6
4 .8 0

4 .9 0 4 .5 3 -

5 .6 6
5 .4 5

_

-

15
15

34
3*

5
5

144
8

4
4

9
9

_

-

6
6

_

-

5
5

“

2
2

3
3

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................................

376
181

7 . 17
7 .9 0

8 . 29
8 . 29

5 .8 8 8 .2 9 -

8 .2 9
8 .2 9

_

6
-

6

1
1

17
10

11

11
1

57
9

61
4

9
9

-

-

-

-

3
-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G .............................................

6 26
57*
52

7 .4 7
7 .4 2
8 .0 *

7 .3 1
7 .3 1
8 .4 4

6 .9 6 6 .9 9 5 .7 7 -

8 .4 6
8 .0 6
9 .6 1

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

96
96
-

-

G U A R O S ..................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N E ............................................

1 .9 20
396
1 .5 2 *

« . 08
5 . 86
3 .61

3 .7 2
5 .0 0
3 .5 0

3 .2 5 4 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

4 .0 1
8 .0 3
3 .7 5

9
-

GUAROS * C L A S S B ..................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .................................

1 .7 7 2
2 52
1 .5 2 0

3 .7 6
4 .7 0
3 .6 1

3 .5 0
4 . 46
3 .5 0

3 .2 5 4 .2 2 3 .2 5 -

4 .0 0
4 .9 6
3 .7 5

-

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANO C L E A N E R S . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N E ............................................

2 .1 68
731
1 .*37

5 .2 7
5 .6 8
5 .0 7

5 .1 1
5 .3 9
5 .1 1

5 .0 5 4 .6 4 5 .1 1 -

5 .5 7
6 .5 5
5 .2 0

-

9
9
9

_
-

_
-

f
t

-

“
73
73
“

43
43
“

7
7

11
11

116
116

-

9
9

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

5 84
584

319
63
256

100
85
15

85
42
43

52
36
16

25
8
17

15
15

8
5
3

15
14
1

565
565

584
584

319
63
256

99

85
42
43

51
36
15

24
8
16

15
15

3
-

1
1

7

10

85
1*

7

10

8
4
4

162
59
103

1 52
31
121

94
76
18

116
94
22

1 06 4
102
96 2

109
62
47

81
60
21

2 03
73
130

28
20
8

69
69

7
7

9

~

175
175

565
5 65

“

22

48
*8
“

17
17

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

”

“

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

3

"
2
1
1

73
73

“

“

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Occupation,

sex,

3

and

industry division

:' to o lr o o m ,
OCCUPATIONS -

m aintenance

POWERPLANT

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

Occupation,

and in d u s try d ivisio n

Average
Number (mean*)
of
hourly
workers earnings 4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T IN U E D

ano

MEN

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

sex, 3

100

*9 .3 9

98

T R U C K O R IV E R S -

C O N T IN U E D

9 .3 9

TRUCKORIVERS.
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S .............................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

225

9 .3 3

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . * . . •••••••••••••••

63

474

* 9 .2 1

30 5

9 .3 5

112

9 .2 5

9 .4 0

57

HEA V Y T R U C K .....................

TRUCKORIVERS' T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R .. . .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................................

9 .3 8

183

9 .4 4

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................................................
M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC S

(M A C H IN E R Y )..

M A IN T E N A N C E

287

8 .5 1

101

8 .1 0

S H I P P E R S ANO R E C E I V E R S . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................................................

129

4 .9 7

7 .4 0

8.51

287

MEC HA N IC S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ••••••••••••••.

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

TO O L AND D I E MAKERS............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

9 .2 1
9 .21

20 3

512

7 .4 7

341

6 .0 2

1 .090

3 .5 5

1 ,2 9 3

3.74

1 0.50

20 3

376

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S . ...........................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................................................

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...........................................

80
78

1 0.50

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

GUARDS.
T R U C K O R I V E R S .................... ..........................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G ............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ......................................
TRUCKDRIVERS,

LIG H T

T R U C K .....................

T R U C K O R I V E R S , MEOTUM T R U C K ..................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

1,804

8 .8 1

1 .33 2

8 .7 9

636

9 .2 3

50

B .................................................

8 .8 0

472

CLASS

7 .5 0

6 .7 8

931

1 .090

J A N I T O R S ' P O R T E R S ' ANO C L E A N E R S . . . .
N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G ...........................................

1,157

5 .0 6

8 .9 9
8 .6 5

5 .3 3

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

8 .7 0

144
787

3 .5 5

1,68 3

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ...........................................

guards

See footnotes at end o f tables.

10

55

4 .8 7




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
San Jose, Calif., for selected periods
Indu stry and occupational group 5

M arch 1972
to
M arch 1973

M a rch 1973
to
M arch 1974

M arch 1974
to
M arch 1975

M arch 1975
to
M arch 1976

M arch 1976
to
M a rch 1977

M a rch 1977
to
M a rch 1978

M arch 1978
to
M arch 1979

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________
__ __ ___
. . ..
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g. .. _____ ..
In d u stria l nurses_____________________________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U nsk illed plant w o rk e rs ___________ _____ _________

6.0
( 6)
2.5
6.2
6.4

6.9
( 6)
7.4
7.9
6.3

10.7
9.0
10.6
13.2
13.4

8.1
7.0
10.6
9.8
7.9

7.4
6.9
7.6
8.0
6.7

7.2
7.0
6.6
7.4
7.5

7.3
9.6
11.3
8.9
9.2

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r ic a l- ______________________ _____ _____
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g __________________________
In d u stria l n urses____________________________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U nsk illed plant w o rk ers______________
. ________

5.9
( 4)
4.5
5.7
5.8

7.1
( 6)
7.2
7.7
6.4

10.6
9.1
10.3
12.7
11.1

8.4
7.0
11.6
9.9
8.1

8.0
7.4
6.9
7.8
8.0

6.8
7.6
( 6)
7.4
7.8

8.4
8.7
( 6)
8.8
( 6)

6 .0

6 .6

( 6)
( 6)
7.0

( 6)
( 6)
5.9

11.2
( 6)
( 6)
( 4)

7.6
(‘ )
( 6)
( 6)

6.1
(‘ )
( 6)
5.0

7.2
(‘ )
( 6)
7.0

5.5
11.2
( 6)
9.8

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . _________________________ . . _____
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g . . . ____________________
In d u stria l nurses_____________________________________
U n sk illed plant w o rk e rs _____________________________

See footn otes at end of tables.

11

Table A -8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l occupation being compare*
Occupation which equals 100

Typists

Stenographers

Secretaries

File clerks
Messengers

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ----------------------, c l a s s r ---------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S c ----------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ---------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E ---------------------S T E N 0 6 R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -------------------S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -----------------T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -------------------------------T Y P I S T S . C L A S S R -------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------------------F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ---------------------MESS ENGERS-------------------------------------------------------SWIT CH BOA RD O P E R A T O R S ------------------------SW ITC HB OA RD O P E R A T O R R E C E P T I O N I S T S -------------------------------------------ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S R------------------------A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A---------A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S B---------PAYROLL C L E R K S --------------------------------------------KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A—
KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R—
s ec r eta r ies

Class E

Senior

100
112
(61
126
1C9
151
145
(6 )
125
115

IOC
109
(6 1
106
146
128
(6 1
(61
10 9

100
116
105
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
97

123
88
107
125
106
107
121

114
(61
98
120
106
101
114

(6 1
(6 1
84
(61
(6 1
96
(6 1

Class B

Class C

Class D

1A 3
1A 2
1 A5
1 70
136
<6>
(6 )
(6 )
191
157

100
117
124
130
127
1-44
127
156
(6 t
(6 )
154
130

100
1 13
1 27
1 23
133
1 23
157
160
(6 )
1 42
1 17

1 67
(61
146
17A
138
143
165

158
134
125
150
126
121
139

1 36
(6 )
110
137
113
1 13
127

Class A

1 00
11A
129

General

Switch­
board
operators

Class A

Class B

Class B

Class C

(61
(61
(61
(61
(61
92

100
120
(6 1
136
106
92

100
(6 1
(61
108
78

100
116
(61
79

100
90
81

100
R4

105
(6 1
92
110
98
94
108

(6 1
(61
70
87
79
78
91

(61
(61
72
85
(6 1
(61
92

(6 1
(6 )
62
76
63
73
78

(61
( 61
79
88
77
82
86

107
(61
91
104
91
96
106

Order
clerks,
class B

Key entry operators

Accounting clerks

100

103
(6 1
85
90
(6 1
85
99

Switch­
board
opera tortionists

Class A

Class A

Class B

Class B

100

100
(6 1
82
99
95
91
92

100
93
111
109
95
(6 1

100
121
106
101
118

100
89
88
1 00

1 00
1 03
121

10 0
130

100

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupation being com pared—
Computer systems analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! » C L A S S A ----------------------COMPUTER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S R---------------------------COMPUTER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C---------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S R ----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----------------------COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -----COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C -----D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ----------------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ----------------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------ELECTRON ICS t e c h n i c i a n s .
CL AS S A-------------------------------------------------------------ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IA N S .
C L AS S R-------------------------------------------------------------ELECTRONICS t e c h n i c i a n s .
CL ASS C -------------------------------------------------------------R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R SE S —

Class B

Class C

Computer programmers (business)

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Class C

Class A

Drafters

Class B

Class C

Class A

Class B

Electronics technicians

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Registered
industrial
nurses

100
121

1 00

1 52

1 33

100

1 38

1 18

102

100

160

1 34

120

118

IO C

1 87
1 85
209
217
151
185
208

1 53
148
171
184
126
157
1 86

138
145
159
169
114
148
158

137
132
1 55
189
1 18
1 42
160

113
134
1 59
112
135
152

100
IC O
117
140
1C«
120
124

117
135
99
114
129

100
118
84
99
113

100
73
84
108

100
123
156

100
130

1 57

1 29

(6 )

121

ICO

89

89

75

65

94

78

67

ICO

194

163

(6 )

147

125

112

109

90

77

115

95

79

1 23

100

2 29
158

1 83
1 23

(6 )
107

183
116

147
96

127
85

125
95

102
81

83
71

135
95

113
78

96
68

146
101

118
83

ne

too

1 00

1 00
70

100

See footnote at end o f ta b les.

NOTE:
Ta b les A -8 and A -9 p resen t the a vera g e pay re la tio n s h ip betw een p a irs o f occupations within establish m ents.
F o r exa m ple, a value o f 122 in d ica tes the earn in gs fo r the occupation
d ir e c tly above in the heading a re 22 p ercen t g r e a te r than earn in gs fo r the occupation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila rly , a value o f 85 in dica tes earn in gs fo r the occupation in the heading
a re 15 p ercen t b elo w earn in gs fo r the occupation in the stub.
See appendix A fo r m ethod o f computation.




12

Table A -9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
M aintenance, to o lro o m , and pow erplan t occupation being com pared—
O ccupation which equals 100

Mechanics
Carpenters

Electricians

Tool and die
makers

Machinists
Machinery

M A IN T E N A N C E
M A IN T E N A N C E
M A IN T E N A N C E
m a in ten a n c e

100
98
(6 1

100
99

100

102

103

103

100

99
(6 !

C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------------M A C H I N I S T S ----------------------

1 02
96

107
(6 1

Motor vehicles

97
90

m e c h a n ic s

( M A C H I N E R Y ! --------------------------------------------------M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(MOT OR V E H I C L E S ! -----------------------------------TO O L AND D I E MAKERS-------------------------------

10-3
92

100

M a te ria l m ovem en t and cu stodial occupation being com pa red—
Truckdrivers
Shippers

T R U C K 0 R I V E R S * L I G H T T R U C K ------------T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEDIUM TR U C K ----------T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y T R U C K -------------TRUCKDRIVERS. TR A C T O R -T R A IL E R .
S H I P P E R S --------------------------------------------------------------R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------------------S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ---------------------WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------------------S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------------------------M A T E R I A L H A N 0 L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------G U A R 0 S . C L A S S B-----------------------------------------J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S . AND
C L E A N E R S ------------------------------------------------------------

Receive is

Shippers and
receivers

W arehousemen

Shipping packers

100
(6 !
139
(6 1
120
(6 1
139
(6 1
(6 1

100
98
(6 1
98
(6 1
(6 1
102
(6 !

100
(6 1
99
(61
(6 !
101
(61

100
(61
(6 1
(6 «
(6 !
(6 1

100
108
131
104
(6 )

100
(6 )
(6 !
(6 !

10C
90
(6 1

100
(6 !

ICO

1*2

118

117

10*

119

(6 !

13*

116

101

Medium truck

Heavy truck

100
(6 !
(6 !
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1
(61
(6 !
(6 !
(61
(6 !

1 00
(6 !
96
(61
1 07
(6 !
(6 !
(6 !
(6 1
107
(6 1

100
(6 )
(6 1
(6 !
(6 !
(6 1
(6 1
( 6)
(6 !
(6 !

(6 !

121

(6 )

Material handling
Forklift operators
laborers

Guards, class B

Janitors, porters,
and cleaners

Tractor-trailer

Light truck

100

See fo otn ote at end o f ta b les.

NOTE:
T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p resen t the a v e ra g e pay relation sh ip betw een p a irs o f occupations w ithin establish m ents.
F o r exa m ple, a valu e o f 122 in dicates that earn in gs fo r the occupation d ir e c tly
above in the heading a re 22 p e rcen t g r e a t e r than earnings fo r the occupation d ir e c tly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a valu e of 85 in dicates earnings fo r the occupation in the heading a re 15 percen t
b elo w ea rn in gs fo r the occu pation in the stub.
S ee appendix A fo r m ethod o f com putation.




13

Earnings: Large establishments
Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
^™'"weekly"earnlng^—"
(standard)
Occup a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

3 .1 6 2
2 .6 1 8
544

4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9.5

4 25 4 .5 0
2 5 6 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0

4 24 7 .5 0
2 4 9 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

, c l a s s a ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

103
98

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 12 .5 0
3 1 4 .5 0

2 9 6 .0 0
2 9 7 .0 0

2 7 5 .CO2 7 5 .0 0 -

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

5 95
529

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 78 .0 0
2 7 7 .5 0

2 7 0 .0 0
2 7 0 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ............................................

1 .1 2 3
9 18
205

4 0.0
4 0.0
39. 5

2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

786
5 59
227

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

. C L A S S E ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

505
4 73

S TE N O G R A P H E R S .............................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

s ec r eta r ies

OF

120
ANO
UNDER
130

130

1 40

150

1 60

170

140

150

160

170

4
4

workers

R EC EIV IN G

tim e

WEEKLY

180

190

200

2 20

240

2 60

280

300

32C

300

360

380

400

4 20

440

180

190

200

2 20

240

260

2 80

3 00

320

340

360

380

000

4 20

400

460

16
3
13

47
26
21

44
19
25

110
73
37

483
394
89

633
540
93

600
525
75

4 29
3 59
70

1 99
1 56
43

308
327
21

121
1 05
16

71
56
15

28
10
10

17
13
4

7
4
3

3
3
-

1
1
-

_

1
1

9
6

23
22

21
21

10
10

1C
10

Q
9

12
11

i
i

3
3

3
3

1
1

-

_

“

s tr a ig h t

-

E A R N IN G S

<IN

OO L L A RS 1

OF —

-

-

1
1

3 57 .5 0
3 57 .5 0

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 4 4 .0 0 2 5 0 .0 0 -

3 11 .5 0
3 10 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

7
4

46
36

69
59

99
94

1 04
1 02

66
60

84
76

55
48

oo
33

8
2

ii
10

1
1

2 4 9 .5 0
2 4 7 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0 2 2 5 .0 0 2 3 1 .0 0 -

2 7 5 .0 0
2 7 1 .0 0
2 81 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

8
8

13
13

38
28
10

1 50
142
8

227
200
27

268
235
33

1 72
1 20
48

95
64
31

90
79
11

33
31
2

20
10
6

1
1
“

-

-

5
5

“

3
3

~

2 39 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0

2 3 6 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0

2 1 9 .0 0 2 2 5 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -

2 54 .0 0
2 5 6 .0 0
2 49 .0 0

-

-

_
-

19
9
10

8
8

21
9
12

140
83
57

247
192
55

187
155
32

99
82
17

9
3
6

10
8
2

22
16
6

2
2

7
7

5
2
3

-

-

8
8

-

-

2
2

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 5 0 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0

2 2 8 .3 0
2 3 2 .5 0

2 1 1 .0 0 2 1 4 .0 0 -

315 .0 0
3 18 .0 0

_

_

_

1

11
8

10
7

36
25

1 34
120

86
86

35
35

29
29

8
8

154
154

_

-

-

i
i

-

~

232
1 62

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 14 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0

2 1 3 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 1 9 4 .0 0 -

2 4 4 .5 0
2 51 .0 0

_

1
-

_

4
-

21
1

29
18

26
21

39
33

28
23

39
35

13
11

5
5

10
10

_

-

17
5

-

-

-

-

O

S E C R E T A R I E S ...................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................
s ec r eta r ies

NUMBER

2 05 .5 0

1 9 4 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -

2 19 .0 0

-

-

-

3

15

18

24

17

31

14

9

1

2

10

-

-

1

2

3

5

9

8

14

30

12

3

-

36
16
20

17
17

22
15
7

27
16
11

26
24
2

14
11
3

34
33
1

39
39

45
45
-

67
67

4 2 2 3 .0 0 -4 2 8 0 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0 - 2 8 3 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0 - 2 73 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

-

S E N I O R ................................

144

STENOGRAPHERS.

G E N E R A L .............................

88

4 0.0

2 30 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0 -

2 54 .0 0

-

1

T Y P I S T S ..............................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

371
306
65

4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9.5

2 30 .0 0
2 42 .5 0
1 71 .0 0

2 3 7 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0 1 9 0 .5 0 1 5 3 .0 0 -

2 9 1 .0 0
2 95 .0 0
1 91 .0 0

-

11
6
5

17
6
11

16
11
5

A ...............................................

2 84

4 0.0

2 47 .5 0

2 6 2 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -

2 99 .0 0

-

2

11

3

18

1

14

18

24

13

33

35

45

67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

87
71

39. 5
4 0.0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0 -

1 82 .0 0
178 .0 0

_

13
11

18
16

16
16

8
8

9
2

2
1

1
1

1
“

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

F I L E C L E R K S . . . . . . . . . . ......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

61
61

4 0.0
4 3.0

1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 2 . CO

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -

2 41 .0 0
241 .0 0

-

4

2
2

6
6

1
1

3
3

4
4

10
la

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

4

8
8

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

“

-

ME S S EN GE RS ......................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

95
82

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 81 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

1 93 .5 0
199 .0 0

-

_

21
15

12
11

ii
9

9
8

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

“

4

“

6
6

-

-

25
25

5

-

2
-

-

-

3

_

5

14
9

9
8

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

2
1

_

4

13
12

10

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

4

-

12
10

16
16

46
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS .

CLASS

o
St

S T EN OGR APH ER S*

S W ITC HRO AR O O P E R A T O R S ......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ..........................

108
78

4 0.0
3 9.5

2 1 4 .0 0
2 20 .0 0

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

1 8 0 .5 0 1 8 1 .0 0 -

2 37 .0 0
2 45 .5 0

SW ITC HB OA RD O P E R A T O R R E C E P T I O N I S T S ..........................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

90
83

4 0.0
4 0.0

18C.50
1 8 0 .0 0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 1 7 2 .5 0 -

1 87 .0 0
1 87 .0 0

3

ii
ii

-

-

-

4

See footnotes at end of tables.




6
6

14

14
8

ii
9

3

4

16
15

3

i
i

7
7

3
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, San Jose, Calif., March 1979— Continued
""""weekty^arnings^^™
(standard)

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
worker!

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard'

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

E A RN IN G S

(IN

D OL L AR S 1 OF —

120
ANO
UNDER
130

130

1 40

150

1 60

1 70

180

190

200

220

240

2 60

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

4 20

440

140

1 50

160

1 70

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

16

23
14
9

55
45
10

110
86
24

174
151
23

201
178
23

179
159
20

272
246
26

141
130
11

81
62
19

101
47
54

39
16
23

25
13
12

8
7
1

“

-

“

-

-

-

3
3

-

4

81
75
6

111
101
10

221
210
11

111
108
3

57
55
2

41
36
5

36
16
20

25
13
12

8
7
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

20
18
2

-

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

“

3
3

_
-

-

1
1
“
-

1 .162
265

40.0
4 0.0
3 9.5

* 2 0 5 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0

*19 6 .5 0
1 96 .0 0
2 09 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ...................
MANUF ACTURINE.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................................

718
6 42
76

4 0 .C
4 0.0
39.0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 18 .0 0
2 47 .5 0

21C.00
210 .0 0
2 52 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0 1 9 6 .0 0 1 9 5 .5 0 -

2 37 .0 0
230 .0 0
2 9 6 .0 0

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS R..............
MANUFACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................................

7C9
520
189

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

1 88 .5 0
1 81 .5 0
2 08 .5 0

180 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
196 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 1 6 6 .0 0 1 6 8 .0 0 -

196 .5 0
190 .5 0
261 .0 0

2
2

PAYROLL CLFKKS.............................................
MANUF ACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................................

1 A9
92
57

39.5
4 0.0
39. 5

2 18 .5 0
2 12 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

2 10 .5 0
2 09 .5 0
2 33 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0 1 9 4 .5 0 1 8 4 .0 0 -

2 37 .3 0
220 .0 0
267 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS............................................
MANUFACTURING...................................... ..............

563
381

3 9.5
40.0

2 19 .0 0
2 18 .5 0

2 10 .3 0
210 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -

242 .0 0
240 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ............
M A N U F A C TU R IN G .... .........................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................................

224
136
88

40.0
4 0.0
39. 5

2 4 3 .0 0
2 4 6 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 38 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0
243 .5 0

2 0 5 .5 0 2 0 5 .5 0 2 0 9 .5 0 -

2 69 .0 0
296 .0 0
2 69 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B ..........
MANUFACTURING.......................................

339
245

39. 5
4 3 .C

2 02 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0

201 .5 0
2 00 .3 0

1 8 4 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 -

213 .0 0
213 .0 0

* 1 7 8 .5 0 -* 2 2 5 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0 - 218 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 - 261 .0 0

2
2
-

6

10

-

RECEIVING

16
6
10

20
14
6

55
45
10

106
83
23

1 54
1 33
21

1 20
103
17

68
58
10

51
36
15

30
22
8

24
7
17

60
11
49

3

-

3

“

_

_
-

-

11
5
6

45
42
3

21
13
8

5
3
2

17
2
15

4

5
i

22
10
12

3

-

i

-

9
5
4

6

“

2
2
“

3

3

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

23
18

51
41

32
28

67
41

193
127

46
25

40
26

58
22

15
15

30
30

2
2

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

5
1
4

13
11
2

10
7
3

62
39
23

23
15
8

19
7
12

47
ii
36

12
12

30
30

2
2

23
18

46
40

19
17

57
34

131
88

23
10

21
19

11
11

3
3

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

-

-

“

-

4
4

See footn otes at end o f tables.




UEEKLV

OF WORKERS

ACCOUNTING CLERKS......................................
MANUFACTURING.........................................
NONMANUFACTURING..................................

X .427

S T R A IG H T - TIME

NUMBER

15

1
1

_

-

“

Table A -11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments,
San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1

NUNRER

OF WORKERS

RECEIVING

S T R A I G H T - T IM E

w eekly

EAR N IN G S

i

IN

DOLLARS)

OF —

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

18C

2 00

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

400

4 20

4 40

460

500

540

580

620

660

1 80

O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

2 00

2 20

240

2 60

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

4 20

4 40

4 60

500

540

580

620

660

7 00

-

-

-

4
4

-

1
1

2
-

16
12

19
14

29
28

73
67

31
26

57
48

50
4C

46
41

128
104

65
53

43
39

23
12

9
6

4
4

9
6

4
4

160
ANO
under

COMPUTER SY S T EM S S N S L V S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! ...................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

6 00
4 99

3 9.5
4C.0

(4 4 8.50
4 46 .0 0

* 4 4 8 .5 0
4 4 4 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ...................................
M A N U F A C TU R IN G .....................................................

190
1A7

4 0.0
4 0.0

5 0 9 .5 0
5 15 .5 0

5 0 3 .0 0
5 0 4 .0 0

4 6 0 .0 0 4 7 8 .0 0 -

5 64 .0 0
5 6 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

4
2

3
1

1C
9

13
11

51
43

39
36

29
26

19
8

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

376
3 22

3 9.5
4 0.0

4 2 5 .5 0
4 22 .5 0

4 2 0 .0 0
4 1 5 .0 0

3 7 6 .0 0 3 7 6 .0 0 -

4 6 0 .0 0
4 6 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

”

COMPU TER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
M A N U F A C TU R IN G .....................................................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................................

9 79
8 97
82

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

3 5 5 .5 0
3 5 8 .5 0
3 2 3 .5 0

3 5 2 .0 0
3 5 5 .0 0
3 1 3 .5 0

3 2 0 .0 0 3 2 4 .0 0 2 8 2 .0 0 -

3 95 .5 0
3 98 .0 0
3 72 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

”

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L AS S A......................................................................
M A N U F A C TU R IN G .....................................................

316
28 A

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 9 7 .5 0
4 0 0 .0 0

3 9 7 .5 0
3 9 9 .5 0

3 6 7 .0 0 3 6 9 .0 0 -

4 2 3 .0 0
4 2 3 .0 0

-

-

-

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B .....................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

335
310

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 5 2 .5 0
3 5 5 .5 0

3 4 5 .0 0
3 4 7 .0 0

3 2 2 .5 0 3 2 5 .0 0 -

3 85 .0 0
3 9 1 .5 0

-

COMPUTER O P E RA T O RS ...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
N O NM A N U FA C T U RI N G............................................

6 47
517
1 30

4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9.5

2 7 2 .0 0
2 8 0 . CO
2 3 9 .5 0

2 6 5 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0

2 2 4 .5 0 2 3 1 .0 0 1 9 5 .5 0 -

3 14 .5 0
3 22 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

16
2
14

52
23
29

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ...............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

209
1 72

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 1 6 .0 0
3 2 3 .0 0

3 1 5 .0 0
3 1 8 .0 0

3 0 0 .0 0 3 0 5 .5 0 -

3 36 .0 0
3 41 .5 0

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

259
2 23

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 70 .5 0
2 72 .0 0

2 65 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 3 6 .5 0 2 4 1 .0 0 -

2 8 6 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

_
-

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ...............
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

179
1 22

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 22 .0 0
2 33 .5 0

2 0 9 .5 0
2 1 4 .3 0

1 9 5 .5 0 2 0 8 .0 0 -

2 3 1 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0

O R A F T E R S ...........................................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .....................................................

646
570

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 7 7 .5 0
2 82 .0 0

2 6 5 .0 0
2 7 0 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 2 3 7 .0 0 -

D R A F T E R S * CL AS S A ............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

2 35
221

4 0.0
4 0.0

3 3 3 .0 0
3 3 5 .5 0

3 2 3 .5 0
3 2 7 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L AS S B ............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

251
2 19

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 6 2 .5 0
2 63 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L AS S C ............................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

1 40
110

3 9.5
4 0.0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0

* 3 8 5 .5 0 — * 4 9 7 .0 0
3 7 9 . 5 0 - 494*00

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
-

4
2

9
9

28
28

69
65

26
24

53
47

38
29

31
28

73
57

24
15

14
13

19
10
9

35
28
7

76
60
16

93
86
7

165
159
6

118
109
9

115
105
10

110
105
5

100
96
4

61
59
2

26
24
2

36
35
1

1
1
“

3
3

-

21
17
4

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

3
-

2
1

20
15

36
34

47
40

58
53

61
57

46
44

19
17

2C
19

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

8
8

8
7

11
10

19
12

28
23

73
72

51
44

38
35

31
31

32
32

14
14

7
7

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

83
71
12

67
50
17

76
60
16

75
69
6

57
40
17

77
69
8

49
40
9

30
28
2

42
42
-

20
2C
“

1
1
-

-

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

12
10

21
14

72
65

42
36

19
17

9
9

18
18

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
3

-

-

-

-

“

5
5

31
24

30
23

55
49

62
59

29
20

1
-

3
“

8
8

32
32

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

”

“

“

“

16
2

47
18

52
47

33
27

9
8

1
-

7
6

4
4

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

3 1 5 .0 0
3 1 9 .0 0

8
8

23
12

76
61

78
63

109
101

93
81

62
55

57
52

37
35

25
24

17
17

21
21

23
23

9
9

2 8 7 .5 0 2 8 9 .0 0 -

3 83 .5 0
3 8 5 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

16
15

31
28

26
23

39
36

28
26

17
16

16
16

21
21

23
23

2 5 7 .0 0
2 5 7 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 2 4 2 .0 0 -

2 79 .5 0
2 8 1 .0 0

_

2
2

16
13

37
27

78
74

57
48

28
24

15
13

9
9

8
8

1
1

-

-

2 1 7 .0 0
2 2 2 .3 0

2 0 2 .0 0 2 0 4 .0 0 -

2 3 3 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0

6
6

20
9

46
34

37
33

15
12

5
5

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




16

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

9
9

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

-

-

~
-

~
“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments,
San Jose, Calif., March 1979— Continued
NUMBER

(standard)
Number
O c c u p a tio n

and

of

in d u s try d iv is io n

woiken

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard

160

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

WORKERS

R E C E IV IN G

S T R A IG H T - TIM E

W EEKLY

EA R N IN G S

(IN

DOLLARS I

OF —

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

400

420

440

460

500

540

580

620

660

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

500

540

580

620

660

70Q

14

2

AND
UNDER
180

T E C H N I C I A N S ...............................

3 .6 9 0

4 0 .0

* 2 8 9 .5 0

* 2 8 2 .0 0

17

122

181

351

626

473

502

366

212

139

139

20

3 .6 4 7

4 0 .0

2 8 8 .0 0

2 8 1 .0 0

2 4 7 .5 0 -

3 2 4 .5 0

17

122

181

351

626

473

500

364

321
319

203

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ..............................................

203

201

137

135

18

1 .2 6 3

4 0 .0

3 4 5 .5 0

3 4 4 .0 0

3 1 3 .5 0 -

3 7 5 .0 0

_

_

_

_

11

40

112

212

223

180

194

116

137

20

14

2

2

-

-

-

-

1 .2 3 9

4 0 .0

3 4 3 .5 0

3 4 1 .5 0

3 1 3 .0 0 -

3 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

11

40

112

212

223

180

194

114

135

18

“

“

-

“

“

“

“

TE C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

A •

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
E L E C TR O N IC S

TE C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

TE C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
R E G IS TE R E D

IN D U S TR IA L

N U R S E S ....

c.

1 .3 3 2

4 0 .0

2 7 5 .0 0

2 7 4 .5 0

2 5 0 .0 0 -

2 9 4 .0 0

_

6

62

141

242

300

335

100

83

21

17

23

4 0 .0

2 7 4 .0 0

2 7 4 .0 0

2 5 0 .0 0 -

2 9 2 .0 0

-

6

62

141

242

300

335

100

81

21

7

23

~

l .0 9 5

4 0 .0

2 4 2 .0 0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -

2 5 9 .0 0

17

116

119

210

37 3

133

55

54

15

2

4 0 .0

2 4 1 .5 0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 2 1 .5 0 -

2 5 8 .0 0

17

116

119

210

37 3

133

53

52

15

2

“

3 4 2 .0 0

3 3 7 .5 0

3 2 0 .5 0 -

3 6 3 .0 0

“

“

“

1

2

9

14

7

10

50

See footn otes at end o f tables.




“

1

1 .0 9 0

2
“

2

1 .3 1 8

R•

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ..............................................
E L E C TR O N IC S

* 2 4 8 .0 0 — * 3 2 7 .0 0

O

E L E C TR O N IC S

o

ELE C TR O N IC S

OF

17

“
5

2

“

"

“

*

“

“

“

“

“

“
“

“

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
large establishments, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Averts*
(meen*)

O ccupation, s e x , 3 and in du stry d iv is io n

of

workers

OFFICE

WeekKr
hours
(standard)

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean*)

Number
Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n

OCCUPATIONS HOMEN

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

O ccupation, s e x .3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
1 98
141

* 0.0
4 C.0

S E N I O R ................................

13*

* 0.0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

280
63

* 0.0
3 9.5

2 * 6 .0 0
170 .0 0

75

3 9.5

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L * ND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

1 7* .5 0

* 2 1 7 .5 0 SUITCHPOARD OPERATO R230 .5 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................
2 05 .0 0
a cc o u n tin g c l e r k s :

STE NO GR A PH E R S*

CLERKS.

CLASS

5*

*C.O

1 9 6 . 0 0 K EY E N T R Y

* 3 6 1 .0 0
3 62 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS T R U S I N F S S ) .
C L AS S A ......................................................................

19P

* 0.0

* 00 .0 0

77

4 3.0
39.5

2 7 7 .5 0
2 *5 .5 0

119

4 0.0

3 1 9 .5 0
3 2 5 .5 0

111

* 0.0

2 2 6 .5 0

COMPUTER
0

83

*0.0

PROGRAMMERS

I PU S . IN E S S

) . . . .

518 0 50
1 80 .0 0

HZ

*3.0

7*

M A N U F A C T U R IN G .....................................................

* 0.0
* 0.0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ............................................

A C C O U N T IN G

675
636

H A N U F A C T U R I N 6 . ...................................................

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ..............................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • .

216 .0 0
2 11 .0 0

OPERATORS:
COMPUTER

K EY E N T R Y

OPE RA TO R S*

CLASS

R .............

278

39.5

OPERATORS.

CLASS

C ...............

2 0 3 .0 0

See footn otes at end o f tables.

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.
large establishments, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
NUMBER

Hourly earnings *

O ccu p a tio n and

in d u stry

Number
of
workers

d iv is io n

TIN
6 .8 0

Mean 2

Median2

OF

WORKERS

DOLLARS)

R E C E IV IN G

S T R A IG H T - TIM E

HOURLY

W A R N IN G S

OF—
9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0 1 1 .6 0 1 2 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .* 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0 1 1 .6 0 1 2 .0 0 1 2 .* 0

A NO

Middle range 2

IINOER
7 .2 0

167

. .

120

9 .1 *

9 .4 4

9 .1 4
1 0 .* 5

222

i m a c h i n e r y i

9 .9 1

222

m e c h a n i c s

5 9 .9 2

9 .8 2

120

M A IN TEN A N C E

* 9 .8 5

1*6

1 0 . *5

S 9 .9 1 -S 1 C .4 5
9 .9 1 -

2

6

9

*

57

2

73

8

4

57

2

57

-

-

-

-

8 .6 1 -

9 .5 2

-

1

5

1*

12

12

65

11

8 .6 1 -

9 .5 2

-

1

5

t»

12

12

65

11

1 0 .* 3

1 0 .2 6 -

1 1 .0 0

7

9

8

19

15

95

*1

22

*

2

1 0 .* 3

1 0 .2 6 -

1 1 .0 0

7

9

8

19

15

95

41

22

*

2

See footn otes at end o f tables.




-

8
6

6

1 0 .* 5

18

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments,
San Jose, Calif., March 1979
Hourly earnings *

O cc u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

NUMBER OF WORKERS R E C E I V I N G
3 .0 0
ANO
UNDER
3 .2 0

Middle range 2

S T R A I G H T - T IM E

HOURLY E A R N IN G S

(IN

DO LL AR S > OF —

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

A . 40

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 . 80

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

A . 80

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 . 20

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

5

2

-

3

3

11

1

12

-

2
~

1
-

-

_
-

4
4

82
28

23
22

-

“

2
-

3
2

_

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S ................................................................

113

*8.60

*9.73

* 8.0 2 -

* 9.73

_

_

-

-

5

4

3

R E C E I V F R S .........................................................................
NON MANUF A C T U R I N E ............................................

117
57

8 .4 5
8 .5 0

8 .5 5
8 .5 5

8 .5 5 8 .5 C -

8 .5 5
9 .0 7

-

_

-

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

SHIPPERS

AND R E C E I V E R S ...................................
MANUFACTURING...................................................

132
126

5 .0 2
4 .9 7

4 .8 5
4 .8 4

4 .6 1 4 .5 7 -

5 .3 7
5 .2 1

-

-

_

5

20
20

31
31

31
30

26
26

7
5

3
2

WAREHO US EME N................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .........................................

351
281

5 .3 5
4 .6 7

4 . 64
4 .5 0

4 .2 7 4 .2 0 -

5 .7 6
4 .8 6

-

52
52

55

94
94

37
37

21
20

6
6

7
4

4
2

-

55

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S .....................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...............................................

63
63

5 . 22
5 .2 2

A . 80
4 .8 0

4 .2 2 4 .2 2 -

6 .0 3
6 .0 3

-

10
10

11
11

10
10

5

9
9

-

5

“

4
4

9
9

“

“

5

-

1

_

_

_
-

5
-

-

2
2

64

*

“
74
11

-

3

-

-

3

“

*
“

9 .6 0

“
-

-

L A B O R E R S ........................

144

6 .6 4

6 .4 9

5 .0 7 -

8 .5 2

-

3

3

6

4

12

11

10

17

6

i

9

-

-

6

56

-

-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ............... ......................

212
194

7 .9 4
7 .8 9

8 .5 2
8 .5 2

7 .3 1 7 .3 1 -

8 .5 2
8 .5 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

-

-

44

-

12
6

1 28
1 16

-

-

G U A R D S .................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .........................................

466
388

5 .7 6
5 .8 9

5 .0 0
5 .0 0

4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

7 .9 7
8 .0 3

_

_

-

96
79

36
33

61
57

40
17

8
“

15
14

6
6

9
9

18
18

1 06
106

9
9

-

-

-

48
40

14

“

*

*

G U A R D S . C L A S S B . . . .........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ......................................

318
244

4 .8 0
4 .7 0

4 . 50
4 .4 4

4 .1 4 4 .1 6 -

5 .0 6
5 .0 0

-

-

-

60
57

39
17

8
“

1
1

i
i

9
9

7
7

-

-

-

-

35
33

-

“

96
79

14

-

48
40

5 .7 5
5 .8 1
5 .5 6

5 .6 6
5 .6 5
5 .7 5

4 .7 3 4 .6 5 4 .9 0 -

6 .5 1
6 .9 2
6 .3 3

7
3
4

1
1

28
20
8

40
36
4

37
29
8

94
74
20

82
59
23

78
57
21

83
58
25

119
45
74

69
48
21

58
58

1
1

—

MATERIAL

HANDLING

JAN ITO R S *

P O R TE R S * ANO c l e a n e r s . . . .
.....................................................
a n u f a c t u r i n g . . . . . .......................

m a n u fa ctu r in g
nonm

791
580
211

21
19
2

*

*
73
73

-

-

' *

See fo otn otes at end o f tables.




19

-

“




Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.
large establishments, San Jose, Calif., March 1979
O ccupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis ion

M A I N T E N A N C E • TO O L R O O M . AND
POWERPLANT O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

:

m e c h a n ic s

im a c h in e r y k

.

* 9 .9 1
9 .9 0

116
110

* 5 .0 8
5 .0 2

9 .2 6

158
137
m a in ten an ce

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
workers earnings4

362
333

5 .9 1
6 .0 6

22*
195

* .6 9
*.7 6

55

*.8 7

201
M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - WOMEN

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

:
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ....................................................

guards

S ee footn otes at end o f tables.

20

Footnotes

1 Sta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
th eir reg u lar s tra ig h t-tim e salaries
( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e arn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r each jo b by to talin g the e a r n i n g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a te s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a l f r e c e i v e
the s a m e o r l e s s than the r a te shown. T h e m id d l e ran g e is d e fin e d by two
r a t e s o f pay: a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s am e o r l e s s than the l o w e r
o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the h i g h e r r a te .




3 E a r n in g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s w h os e s e x i d e n tific a tio n was
p r o v i d e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s,
h o l i d a y s , and late shif ts .
3 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m en only f o r
s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e and u n sk ill e d plant w o r k e r s . A l l o t h e r e s ti m a te s r e la te
to m e n and w o m e n .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic ation c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

21

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
In eac h o f the 72 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obta ins
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w ith in
s i x b ro a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s ; M a n u fa c t u r in g ; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r pub li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c ti o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e als o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f i c i e n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s stu died. A p p e n d i x tab le 1 shows the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be w ith in the s c o p e o f this s u r v e y ,
as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c tu a lly stu died.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s ob ta in d ata by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e ach o f the tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s o n ly is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a ti o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t ,
m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e le p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g
in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is s e l e c t e d
f o r study p r i o r to e ach p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sam ple, le s s estab­
l i s h m e n t s w h i c h g o out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s new to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y un til the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i th i n the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and
number of e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e
is s e l e c t e d , w i t h eac h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chan ce o f s e ­
l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n
o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W h e n d ata a r e c o m b in e d ,
eac h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n so
that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f fo u r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus
th r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in the
s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l
s a m p l e m e m b e r . I f no s u ita b le substitu te is a v a i l a b l e , ad d ition a l w e i g h t is
a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a tion s and e a r n i n g s
turin g
O ffic e

O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s ;
(1)
c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3 ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,

1 Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S.
Department of Labor.




and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d uties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tion s s e l e c te d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d icate d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r all in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the
oc c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r ve y ,
a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e ca u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind ivid ual
e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s
e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d wh en the number o f w o r k e r s not id e n ti f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n i n g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r ind us try d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r all
i n d u s tr ie s c om b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e included in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
not shown o r in f o r m a tio n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
Earnings
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and l a t e s h ifts .
N on p r od u c tio n bon uses
a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e bon us es a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the s ta n dard
w o r k w e e k (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e oc c u p atio n s a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s ind icate a c han ge in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e xp e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u al jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d by chan ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by high- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p atio n al a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g the y e a r . C han ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p s , shown in tab le
A - 7, a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s ch an ge s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in the g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c on trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
establishm en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w i th i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s (o n ly the r ate s paid incum bents a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties within the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d escrip tion s.
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in ind iv id u al e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c i f i c duties
p erform ed.
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i th i n the s c o p e o f the study and not the number a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died
s e r v e on ly to i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the job s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s data.

P e r c e n t chan ges f o r ind iv id u al a r e a s
as f o l l o w s :

in the p r o g r a m a r e com pute d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e com p uted f o r e a c h occup ation f o r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th ose e s ta b lis h m e n ts which a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo ym e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

2.

E ach oc c u p atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b as e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the occup atio nal group in the
base y ear.

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e used to com p ute g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ac h oc c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e ig h t.
T h e prod ucts a r e tota led to
ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o of g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c om p u te d by d i v id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result— expressed
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the
t r e n d job s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c up atio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e paid un der plans
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u al jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w it h o u t a chan ge in w a g e r ate s.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s .
W h e n the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is oth e r than 12 m onths , annual
r a t e s a r e a l s o shown.
( I t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant r a te
between su rve y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g —
Continued

S ecreta ries
S ten ograph ers, senior
Stenographers, gen era l
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile clerk s, classes A ,
B , and C
M ess enger s
Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs
O rd er c le rk s , classes
A and B
A ccoun ting c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K ey entry op e ra tors ,
c l a s s e s A and B

C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n alysts ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om pu ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,

c l a s s e s A , B , and C



In d u s tr ia l nu rses
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nur s e s
S k i l l e d m ain te n an c e
Carpenters
E lectrician s
P ain ters
M a c h in is t s
M ech anics (m a c h in e ry )
M echanics (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e d e ta i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m ethod used to com pute th ese
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on thly L a b o r
R e v i e w , Jan uar y 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e pay r e l a t i o n s h i p s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
R e l a t i v e m e a s u r e s o f oc c u p atio n al pay a r e p re s e n te d in ta ble A - 8
f o r w h i t e - c o l l a r occup ations and in tab le A - 9 f o r b l u e - c o l l a r occupations.
T h e s e r e l a t i v e v a lu e s r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay b e tw e e n occupations within
i n d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
R e l a t i v e pay v a lu e s a r e com pute d by dividing an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s a v e r a g e e a r n in g s f o r an occup ation being c o m p a r e d by the
a v e r a g e f o r an oth er oc c u p atio n ( d e s ig n a te d as 100) and m ultip lyin g the quotient
by 100.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f j a n i t o r s in a f i r m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and f o r k l i f t
o p e r a t o r s $5, f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s have a r e l a t i v e p ay value of 125 c o m p a r e d
with jan itors.
( $ 5 4- $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.)
In c om b ining the r e l a t i v e s of
the in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a r r i v e at an o v e r a l l a v e r a g e , each e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve as m a n y r e l a t i v e s as it has w e ig h te d w o r k e r s
in the tw o jobs being c o m p a r e d .
P a y r e l a t i o n s h i p s b a s e d on o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s m a y d i f f e r c o n s i d e r a b l y
b e c a u s e of the v a r y i n g c on trib u t io n o f hig h- and l o w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , the o v e r a l l a v e r a g e h o u r ly earnings f o r f o r k l i f t
o p e r a t o r s m a y be 50 p e r c e n t m o r e than the a v e r a g e f o r ja n itors b e ca u s e the
a v e r a g e f o r f o r k l i f t o p e r a t o r s m a y be s t r o n g l y in flu e n ce d by e arn in g s in
h i g h - w a g e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h ile the a v e r a g e f o r ja n i t o r s m a y be s t r o n g l y
in flu e n c e d b y e a r n i n g s in l o w - w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
In such a c a s e , the
i n t r a - e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e l a t i o n s h i p w i l l in d ic a te a m uc h s m a l l e r d i f f e r e n c e
in e a r n in g s .
Esta blis hm ent practice s and supplem en tary wage provisions
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this bulletin. I n f o r m a ­
tio n f o r th es e ta bula tions is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e tabulations
on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r ­
e n tia ls ; s heduled w e e k l y ho ur s and d ay s; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
San Jose, Calif.,' March 1979
Industry d iv is io n z

A LL
ALL

INDUSTRY

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

Num ber o f establish m ents

W ork ers in establish m en ts
Within scope of study 4

W ithin scope
o f study 3

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percen t

ESTABLISHM EN TS
D IV ISIO NS

---------------------------------

M A N UF A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G --------------------------------------------------------------------------------TR A N S PO R TATIO N . C OM M UNICATIO N, a n d
OTHER P U B L I C U T I L I T I F S 5 ----------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRA DE 6 -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 ----------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND REAL E S T A T E 6 ----------S E R V I C E S 6 7------------------------------------------------------------

-

870

1*0

2 8 5 .8 0 7

100

1 4 1 ,9 7 8

50

-

377
501

47
93

177 .4 0 9
108 .3 9 8

62
38

92.944
49,03 4

50
50
50
50
50

31
50
206
70
14*

11
8
26
10
38

12.803
10.142
41.322
11.636
32.495

4
4
14
4
ii

1 0,909
4 .4 40
1 3.358
4 .5 8 1
1 5,746

LAR GE E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
D I V I S I O N S ---------------------------------

-

92

49

1 8 6 .6 2 2

100

1 2 7 .0 5 6

M A NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G --------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
OTHER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E 6 ----------------------------------------------r e ta il
t r a d e 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND REAL E S T A T E 6 -----------------S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

500

-

5*
38

24
25

137 .4 5 0
49.172

74
26

89,18 7
37.869

500
500
500
500
500

3
2
15
4
i*

3
2
9
3
8

9 .6 61
3 .5 91
17.043
4 .3 8 9
14.488

5
2
9
2
8

9 ,6 6 1
3 .5 91
10.605
3 .4 44
1 0.568

all

INOUSTRV

1 The San Jose Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the
fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion pictu re th e a ters a re c o n s id ere d as one
O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, con sists o f Santa C la ra
establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w orkers in a ll establishm ents w ith tota l em ploym en t (w ith in the
County.
Th e "w o r k e r s within scope o f study" estim ates p rovid e a reason ably
a re a ) at or above the m inim um lim itation .
a ccu rate d e s crip tio n of the siz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the
5 A b b re v ia te d to "pu blic u tilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a x ica b s and
su rvey. E stim ates a re not intended, h ow ever, fo r co m p a rison with other s ta tistica l
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w ater tra n sportation a re excluded.
s e r ie s to m easu re em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls since (1 ) planning o f w age su rveys
6 Separate data fo r this divid ion a re not p resen ted in the A - and B - s e r ie s
re q u ires establish m ent data co m p iled c o n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll period
ta b les, but the d ivis io n is re p resen ted in the " a ll in d u s trie s " and "n on m anu factu rin g"
studied, and (2 ) s m a ll establish m ents a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
1 The 1972 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used
estim ates.
7 H otels and m otels; laundries and other p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by in du stry d ivis ion .
A l l govern m en t operations a re
autom obile r e p a ir , rental, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit m e m b ersh ip
excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
orga
3
Includes a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim um n ization s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch aritable o rga n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and
a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .
lim ita tion . A ll outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in in du stries such as tra de,




24

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p ti o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s in c l a s s i f y i n g
inro a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d under a v a r i e t y
o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s g ro up in g oc c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m ­
p h a s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f oc c u p a tio n a l
con tent, the B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th o s e
in use in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th os e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s
a r e i n s t r u c t e d t o e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . Handicapped w o r k e r s wh os e
earn in gs
a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r handicap a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , un less s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c lu d e d in the
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e in d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
tain s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v i t i e s o f
the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e ta i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routin e and understanding o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
e.

f.
E x c l u s i o n s . N ot a ll p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
d e fi n i t i o n a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do not
d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e assis ta nts to a g ro u p
f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r i a l p e rs o n s ;

d.

the " p e r s o n a l "

secretary

con cept

of p ro ­

T ra in ees.

C la s sific a tio n by L e v e l
S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t the r e q u i r e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m atched
at one o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e ta b ula tion f o l l o w i n g the explanations o f th ese
tw o f a c t o r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e ach com bination o f
the f a c t o r s .

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h e n ta il m o r e d i f fi c u l t o r m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , or s u p e r v i s o r y duties
w h i c h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e
A s s i s t a n t , o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s ta n t :




m eet

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not fit any o f the situations li s t e d in the
s e c t io n s b e l o w t i t l e d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e.g., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ;

L e v e l of S e c r e t a ry 's Su pervisor (L S )
LS—1

25

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a ti o n a l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; or

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

C la ssifica tio n by L e v e l— Continued

C la ssifica tio n by L e v e l— Continued

b.

L S -2

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r as s is tan t, s k i l l e d te c h n icia n
or expert.
(N O TE :
M a n y com panies
a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d above, to this l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o ry o r n o n su p ervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situ ations in
the d e fi n i t i o n f o r L S - 3 , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv i d e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e often , in turn, f u r t h e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l includes a w id e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r two; o r

p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h os e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to a c t p e r s o n a l l y
on in d iv id u a l cas e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny in d iv id u a l loa n
o r c r e d i t ac tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r ind iv id u al t r u s t ac c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a
c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s
o f ap p ly in g the definition .

L e v e l of S e c reta ry 's Responsibility ( L R )

T h i s f a c t o r ev alu ate s the na tu re o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the e x te n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y
is e x p e c te d to e x e r c i s e in i t i a ti v e and jud g m ent.
S e c r e t a r i e s should be
m a tc h e d at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f
respon sibility.

b.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b oard o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in all , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a.

A n s w e r s tele p hon es,
c om in g m ail.

c.

LS-3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id ual plant, f a c t o r y , e tc., ( o r
ocher e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s tr ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r
g eo gra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tion a l segm ent (e .g ., a region al headquar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r
5,000 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

b.

A n s w e r s te lephone r e q u e s t s w h ich h a v e sta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s by sending a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
others f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
t y p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M aintains s u p e r v i s o r ' s
instruc ted.

e.

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic ta tio n ,

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e tc ., ( o r
ot h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r
5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 000
but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

personal

calen dar

and

c a lle rs ,

m akes

and

opens

in ­

May

appoin tm en ts

as

and f i l e s .

a.

A n s w e r s r eq u e sts w h ich r e q u i r e a d e t a i l e d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro cedu res or c o lle c tio n o f in fo rm a tio n f r o m file s or
other o f f i c e s .
M a y s ig n r ou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r ' s name.

c.

26

Screens
can be
offices.

b.

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above L S d e fin itio n
r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s wh o ha ve a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g
r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e title " v i c e p r e s id e n t ,"
though n o r m a l l y in d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , d o e s not in all c a s e s i d e n tify such




greets

L R —2. P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r i b e d under L R —1 and, in ad dition
p e r f o r m s tasks r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w l ­
edge o f o f f i c e functions in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the
follo w in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o f p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

LS—
4

L R —1. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d uties including o r c o m p a r a b l e
to m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

te lephon e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ich
handled by the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d in a te s o r oth e r

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s ts in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c r e p o r t s on the b as is
o f g e n e r a l in str uctions.

S EC R E T A R Y — C ontinued

STE N O G R A PH E R — Continued

d.

S c h ed u le s t e n t a t i v e ap poin tm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b ack groun d m a t e r i a l f o r s c hed uled m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

S t e n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l . D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v oc ab u lary . M a y
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine
c l e r i c a l tasks.

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to other e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 1 s unit. ( A l s o ty p es , takes dictatio n, and f i l e s . )

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u la tio n shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r each
L S and L R c o m b in a tio n .

L e v e l of s e c re ta ry ' s
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P r i m a r y duty is to ty pe c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d icta tion which does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o type f r o m w r itte n
copy. M a y m ain ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other r e l a t i v e l y
rou tin e c l e r i c a l tasks.
(S e e S t e n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lve d
w i t h sho rthand d ic tatio n .)

L e v e l of s e cre ta ry ' s resp on sibility
TYP IS T
L R —1
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

LS—1
LS—2
LS—3
LS—4

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to take dic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n ­
s c r i b e the d ic ta tio n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy. M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a
s t e n o g r a p h i c p oo l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T yp ist).

N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks
as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin it io n .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ake
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s ha ve b een m a d e b y an oth er p e rs on . M a y include
typing of s te n c ils , m ats , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr ain in g, such
as k e ep in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and
d is tr ib u t in g i n c o m in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m wh en it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ;
o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctuation, etc., o f
t e c h n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n lan gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning l a y ­
out and ty p ing o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ain ta in u n i fo r m i t y and
b a la n c e in spac ing. M a y typ e r ou tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit
circum stan ces.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y typing f r o m
roug h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e tc.;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e standard tab ula tio n s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta bles
a l r e a d y s e t up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LE R K
Stenographer, S e n ior.
D i c t a t i o n in v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
v o c a b u l a r y such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y
a l s o s e t up and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by the
follow in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s te n o gr ap h ic s p eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th ro ugh w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l busin ess and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc .
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic d uties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s suc h as m ain ta ining fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and routing in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , etc .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an es tab lis h e d f ilin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tasks r e q u i r e d to mainta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d efinitions.
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and ind exes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
ence, r e p o r t s , te c h n i c a l docum ents , e tc., in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tainin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d
s u b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in con junction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o rt s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s im p le
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h ead in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d index and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n ti f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y
p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

F IL E C L E R K — Continued

ORDER C L E R K — Continued

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r ou tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b een
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system (e .g .,
a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anua l tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positions
d e fin itio n s :

are

classified

into

le v els

accordin g

to

the

follo w in g

MESSENGER

C l a s s A . Han dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k i n g ju d g m e n t s such as
c h o o s in g which s p e c i f i c p ro d uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p ro d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s ne e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a ti n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , openin g and d is t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e
o p e r a ti o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

C l a s s B . H an dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s which h a ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic ation s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to insure that p r o p e r i te m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac counting c l e r i c a l tasks such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l con­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting d oc u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d ac counting d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p os tin g,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i th e r a m an u a l o r autom ate d ac coun ting s y s t e m .

O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e used w ith a p r i v a t e
bra nch e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m in g , ou tgo ing , and i n t r a s y s t e m
c a l l s . M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and to l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h on e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y als o type o r p e r f o r m routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r ou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f
o r le ad o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exc lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b oa r d
O p er a to r-R eceptio n ist.

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s which r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accounting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r with the b o o k k e e p in g and accounting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b oo k k e e p in g and ac coun ting.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t .
Recep­
t i o n i s t ' s w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature
o f v i s i t o r ' s b u s in e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r
to a p p r o p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c on tac tin g that p e r s o n by t e l e ­
phone and a r r a n g i n g an appoin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

Positions
d e fin itio n s :

into

levels

on

the b as is o f

the

follow in g

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s which r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro c es s in g c o m p lica ted o r n o n repetitive
accou nting
t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g am ong a s u b s tan tial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac counting
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s ac­
coun ting actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y be a s s i s t e d by
one o r m o r e c la s s B ac counting c l e r k s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritte n o r v e rb a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
o r m erc h a n d ise fr o m cu s to m e rs o r sales people.
W o rk ty p ica lly involves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u tie s ;
Q uo tin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s ti n g substitu te s wh en n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v is in g e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m eth od o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and
c u s t o m e r i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r she e ts f o r a c c u r a c y
and ad e qu ac y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g up
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to l e t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g s hip ping i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e ac coun ting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i te m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y ind icated ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r accounting d oc u m e n ts ; and c od in g d o c u m e n ts using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac coun ting c od e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b ookk eep in g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties in­
clud e any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s with c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e using
k n o w le d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g ; e m p h a ­
s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; ha ndli ng m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t
o f the job .




are c l a s s i f i e d

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s et o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b as ic boo kk e e p ing p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r accounting s y s t e m us e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d ebit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in each phase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n so lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

28

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — Continued

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t io n s o f a
s et o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k no w le dge of b a s ic b oo kk e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e ac coun ts p a y a b le, p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accou nts
(not inclu ding a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t
d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n tro l, etc.
M ay check or
a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sheets f o r the
ac c ou n tin g d e p a r t m e n t .

N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A using the key entr y
c o n t r o l s to a c c e s s , r e a d , and ev alu ate the substance o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take s ub sta ntive a c ti o n s , o r to m a k e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l of
k no w le dg e .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m other c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m achin e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by
ty p e o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g-m a c h in e b ille r.
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m ac h in e ( c o m b i n a t i o n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e nu mber of, c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fanfold m ac h in e .
B ook k eepin g-m ach in e b ille r.
U s e s a bookk eep ing m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p art o f the
accoun ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ti o n .
G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s the s im u lt aneo us e n t r y
of f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s '
le d ge r record.
The m ac h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y
a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r of v e r t i c a l colum ns and com p u te s and
u s u a lly p r i n ts a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b ala n ces. D o e s not i n v o l v e a
k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and standa rd ty p es o f s a le s
and c r e d i t s lip s .
PAYRO LL CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a i n ta i n p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c ti o n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f its , o r tax deductions; e d iting p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nona u t o m a te d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c om p u te s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com puter s ys te m fo r p ro c es s in g payrolls.

C la s s B.
W o r k is routin e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e ta i l e d in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m
v a r i o u s s ta n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d ocum ents w h ich ha ve b e e n c oded and r e q u i r e
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c od in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be ente red. R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g
i n f o r m a ti o n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a l y z e s b u s in ess p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olving
t h e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equ ip m en t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s needed to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ate d and id e n tif ie s conditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s nu mber and
ty pes o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and • docum ents to be used; outlines ac tions to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e ta i l f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n of
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a te s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs of new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e quip m en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l op e ration s . ( N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly s ts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)
D oe s not inclu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t or s u p e r v i s i o n of ot h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a lys ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p ro b l e m s .
For

wage

study

purposes,

s y s te m s

a n a lys ts

are

cla ssified

as

follo w s :

O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n tr y d e v i c e such as keypunch
m a c h i n e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r dis k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m s u ita b le f o r c o m p u te r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a l p h a n u m e r i c k e y b o a r d and an understanding o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n t r y equipment.

C la s s A .
W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
Prob lem s are
c o m p l e x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s of input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an in t e g r a te d prod uction
sc h e d u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s an aly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e ach typ e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d through the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p a c tio n s a r e initiate d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p lic a t io n s o f new
o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a ti o n s ,
i f n e e d e d, f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r
obta in ing eq uip m en t.

Positions
d efin ition s:

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n al d i r e c t i o n
wh o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR

are

c l a s s i f i e d into

l e v e l s on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . W o r k s r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o be e n te r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d ocum ents .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s B.




to l o w e r l e v e l s y s te m s analysts

C l a s s B.
W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s of input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,

29

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e
in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accounts in a m a n u f a c tu r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s with p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be applied.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on routin e a s s i g n ­
m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c ti o n and guid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w it h the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out an aly ­
ses as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an aly s t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p rogram m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l an aly st.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s an alys t, into a s e qu e n c e o f d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s wh ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m en t. W o r k i n g f r o m
c h arts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s tr u c tio n s wh ich ,
wh en e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c od e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lie s know ledge o f com puter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic
e m p l o y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je ct m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e
charts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e qu e n c e o f
p r o g r a m s te p s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in wh ich data w i l l
be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d i n s tr u c ti o n s f o r m a c h i n e to
f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t i n g
p e r s o n n e l d urin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to
i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n ta i n s r e ­
c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s
an alysts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

are cla s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C lass A .
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all p h as e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c on cep ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ic h id e n ti f y
the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste p s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ste ps o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g rou tin e ;
plans the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio ns need ed to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c ts .




A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t
m ust be o r g a n i z e d to prod uce s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d ucts f r o m
n u m erous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s . A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e nu m ber
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tions must o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e points betw een o p e r a tio n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data wh en p r o g r a m r e ­
q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and sub sta ntial m a n ip u la tion
and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu nctional d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s is t.

who

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d ep end ently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d sequences o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , adaptin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m aking m i n o r a d d ition s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
input data which a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e rou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and se que nc in g o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routin e c heck s.
T y p i c a l l y , the p r o g r a m d e a l s
w ith r ou tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a ti o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) un der c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t tasks a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tasks un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M ak es p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a ti o n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on cep ts us uall y le a r n e d i n f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s tan da rd p r o c e d u r e s to
routin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on ne w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n ­
m en ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with
req u ired procedures.
C O M PU TER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e with o p e r a ti n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o le of a d i g it a l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u t e s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s two or m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l t a n e o u s l y ) . T h e f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k of a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
needed.

o p e r a tin g

- L o a d s equip m ent
p a p e r, etc .).

in s tr u c tio n s
with

to

req u ired

determ ine
item s

e qu ip m en t

(tapes,

cards,

setup
d is k s ,

- S w it ches n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y e q u ip m e n t into s y s t e m .
- Start s and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r .
- Responds to o p e r a tin g and c o m p u t e r output i n s tr u c tio n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s during o p e r a t i o n
o r r e fe r s problem s.
- M ain tains op e r a tin g r e c o r d .

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R --- Continued

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R — Continued

M a y t e s t - r u n n e w or m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d if y in g
s ystem s or p ro g r a m s .
T h e s c o p e o f this d e fin itio n includes t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , fu lly q u a l i fi e d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and l e a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n ic a l a s s i s ta n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s wh o m o n i t o r and o p e r a te r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

T h e f o l l o w i n g duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l equipment
operator:
- L o a d in g p r i n t e r s and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p ap er; adjusting
c o n tr o l s f o r f o r m s , th ic k n e s s , tensio n, prin ting d ensity , and
lo c a t io n ; and unloading hard copy.

C l a s s A . In a d d itio n to w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t one
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
-

- L a b e l l i n g tape r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d decks.
- C heckin g la b e ls and mounting and d ismounting
r e e l s o r d is ks on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

D e v i a t e s f r o m sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to avoid the l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t i o n o r to c o n s e r v e c om p u te r t i m e even though the p r o c e d u r e s
a p p l i e d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c om p u te r unit's p ro d u c tio n plans.

- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s ,

- Se tt ing c o n t r o l s wh ich r e g u l a t e o p e r a tio n o f the equipment.
- O b s e r v i n g p ane l lig h ts f o r
taking a p p r o p r i a t e action.

ap p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- A d vises p ro g r a m m e r s
te c h n iq u e s .

and

su bject-m atter

experts

on

op erator

at

this l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y guides

and

e r r o r ;- d ications and
”
tears,

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e xc lu d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n it o r and o p e r a te a
c o n t r o l c o n s o l e ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) whose
duties a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a ti n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
equipment.
C O M PU TE R D A T A L IB R A R IA N
M ain tain s l i b r a r y o f m ed ia (ta p e s , d is ks , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g ap p lic a tio n s . T h e f o l l o w i n g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data l i b r a r i a n : C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta lo gin g,
and s to r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e with a s ta n d a rd iz e d s y s te m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m ainta in in g r e c o r d s of r e l e a s e s
and r e t u rn s ; in s p e c tin g r e t u r n e d m e d i a f o r d a m a g e o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h eth e r o r not th ey need r e p l a c i n g . M a y p e r f o r m m in o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a g e d ta pes.

lo w e r le v e l operators.

C l a s s B. In a d d itio n to e s ta b lis h e d prod uction runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m en ts in c lu d e runs i n v o l v i n g new p r o g r a m s , ap p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situ ations w h ich r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y of p r o b l e m s ) .
A t this l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
in d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y i n g out m o s t as s ig n m e n ts . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u i r e
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f standard setup and o p e r a tin g
procedures.
In r e s p o n d i n g to c o m p u te r output in str uctions o r e r r o r c o n ­
d i ti o n s , a p p l i e s sta n da rd o p e r a ti n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v i a t e f r o m sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s when standa rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v i a t i o n
does not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d uction plans.
R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r a b o r t s the p r o g r a m wh en p r o c e d u r e s a p p lie d do not p r o v i d e a
solutio n. M a y guide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

DRAFTER
C lass A.
P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta ti o n of c o m p l e x ite m s ha ving
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s tab lis h e d d ra ft ing
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e support with the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n chan ges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t of each change on the
d e ta ils of f o r m , fu nction, and p o s i ti o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f components and
p a r ts . W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e te d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d by d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t th e ir p r e p a r a ti o n by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters.

C l a s s C.
W o r k a s s i g n m e n t s a r e l i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ic h p r e s e n t f e w op e r atin g p r o b l e m s ) . A s s i g n m e n t s
m a y c o n s i s t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g ( s o m e t i m e s a r g u m e n t e d by
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . W h e n l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e ta ile d w r i t t e n or o r a l guidan ce to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and d uring the run. A f t e r the o p e r a to r has g ained e x p e r i e n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y ind ep end ently in
a p p ly in g s tan da rd o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in res p on d in g to
c o m p u t e r output i n s tr u c ti o n s o r e r r o r c on dit io ns , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when standa rd p r o c e d u r e s f a il.

C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x d raft ing a s s ign m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a ti o n of m o s t of the s ta n d a r d iz e d drawing techn ique s
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r shap es, m u ltip le functio ns, and
p r e c i s e p o s i ti o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c om p one n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a building including d e ta il drawings of fo u n ­
d atio ns, w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r plans, and r o o f.
U s e s ac c e pted f o r m u la s
and m an uals in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y com putations to d e t e r m i n e quantities of
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr en gth s , s t r e s s e s , etc.
R eceives
in i t i a l in s tr u c ti o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n i c a l ad equac y.

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l equipm en t which d i r e c t l y su ppor ts d i g i t a l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n s . Such equ ip m en t is un ique ly and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p l i c a t i o n s , but need not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c on n e c te d to a c o m p u t e r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r i v e s , dis k units or d r i v e s , and data d i s p l a y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such equip m en t.




w a r n in g s

- E x a m in in g ta p e s , c a r d s , or other m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r ot h e r d e fe c t s w h ich cou ld cause p r o c e s s i n g p ro b l e m s .

setup

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a in ta in in g , mod if yin g,- and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a tin g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g o p e r a ti n g i n s tr u c tio n s and
t e c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m situat ions; and/oj- (3) s w itchin g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s is ta n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w l e d g e o f p r o g r a m la n gu a ge , com p uter f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

d esig na ted tape

31

D R A F T E R — Continued

E LE C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c on s t ru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p i c ti n g t h re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ; and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f components
and c o n v e y need ed i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o l i d a t e s d e ta i l s f r o m a number o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . Su ggested m eth od s o f
ap pro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s are g iv e n
with in itia l a s s i g n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e wh en a s s ign m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d durin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e with ac c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y provide
t e c h n ic a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R
C opies
cloth o r p a p e r
include t r a c i n g
l a r g e s c a l e not

plans and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p lac in g t r a c i n g
o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s tr a i g h t l in e s and a
req u irin g c lo s e delineation.)
AND/OR

P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

item s.

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty pes o f e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d i f y i n g , c on s t ru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c tio n s , and s k i l l to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g con ditio n.
T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s i s ti n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in clud es, but is not l i m i t e d
to, the f o l l o w i n g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e quip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , ra d io, t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h on e , s on ar, n a v ig a tio n a l aid s ), (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equ ip m en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standa rd e l e c t r o n i c
equipm en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and household r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
sets ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t i n s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s ,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l
engineers.
P ositions
d e fin itio n s .

are classified

into

l e v e l s on

the b as is o f

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s advanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y cann ot be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n i c equip m en t. E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clude l o c a t i o n and d e n s i ty o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m a lf u n c tio n s ,
and f re q u e n t
e n g i n e e r i n g ch an ge s . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A d e ta i l e d u n de rs tand in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in dependent j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
tasks as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ships in s ig n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t in s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .




C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , those that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipment. W o r k in v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and jud g m e nt in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k se qu e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
to ols and te sting in s tru m e n ts , u s u ally l e s s c o m p l e x than those used by the
c l a s s A te chnicia n.
R e c e i v e s te c h n ica l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te chn ic ian, and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with ac c e p ted
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e te c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n s .
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tasks in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n s t r u c ­
tions which c o v e r v i r t u a l l y all p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g com pon ents , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and taking te s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equipment; and using to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio sign al g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d through a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu ding c l a s s r o o m tr a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te chnicia n.
R e c e i v e s te c h n ica l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l techn icia n. W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot ch e c k ed , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
wh en new o r advanced as s ign m e n ts a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R SE
A r e g i s t e r e d nurse who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e un der g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i ll o r in ju red e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id en t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
D uties i n v o l v e a c o m bination o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
injure d; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
applic an ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g
health educ ation, ac c id en t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s affe ctin g the health, w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f all p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head nu rses in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one nurse a r e exclud ed.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R PE N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d uties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n ta i n
in good r e p a i r building w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t such as bins, c rib s , c ou n te rs ,
b en c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H AN IC (M ach in ery)— Continued

l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l ins tru c tio ns ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s handtools, p ortab le p ow e r to ols , and standard
m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g standard shop com putations r e la tin g to d i­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e c a r p e n te r r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l
ap p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

ob ta ined f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h i n e shop o r sending the m a c h i n e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the pro duction o f
p arts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m ak ing all
n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k of a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e us ually
a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e settin g up o r adjustin g m a c h i n e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e functions such as the in s ta l­
latio n, m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e ra t io n , d is trib u tion ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s tab li s h m en t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g ; I n s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l equipm e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it chb o ard s, c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heatin g units, conduit s y s te m s , o r ot h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , layouts, o r oth e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g troub le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r equip­
m e n t; w o r k i n g sta n da rd com p utatio ns r e la tin g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equ ip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n ance
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u ir e d through
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r veh icle)
R e p a i r s au t o m o b ile s , b u ses, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an es tab ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g autom otive equip­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e quip m en t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , gauges, d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e quip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g bro ken
o r d e f e c t i v e p arts f r o m stock; g r in d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and i n s ta llin g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak ing n e c e s s a r y
ad jus tm e nts ; and alig nin g w h e e l s , adjusting b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tightening
bod y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e m ec h a n ic
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form ed
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s ta b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f fe r e n t ap plic ations; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e
f o r pain ting by r e m o v i n g old fin is h o r by pla cin g putty o r f i l l e r in nail
h o le s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and applyin g paint with s p ra y gun o r bru sh.
May
m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and oth e r paint ing red ients to obtain p r o p e r
c o lo r o r con sisten cy.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ain ter
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally acquired through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

to m ers'

repair

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , gas, o r o t h e r ty pes o f pipe and
p i p e f itt in g s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r other
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e to rc h o r p i p e - c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re adin g
p ip e w ith stocks and d ie s; bending pip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pip e with cou p lin gs and fa s te n in g pipe to hangers;
m a k in g standard shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f
pipe r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g sta n da rd te s ts to d e t e r m i n e w h eth e r finished pipes
m e e t specification s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim arily
e n g a g ed in i n s ta llin g and r e p a i r i n g build ing sanitation o r heating s y s te m s
a r e e x clud ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p arts and new parts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n te r p r e tin g w r i t t e n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and l a y i n g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in strum ents; setting up and o p e r a tin g
s tan da rd m a c h i n e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p arts to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s tan da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to. d im e n sio n s of w o r k , to olin g, f e e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard m a t e r i a l s , p arts , and equipment r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fi t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent.
In
g e n e r a l , the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a in in g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c qu ire d through a f o r m a l ap p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , in s ta l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e qu ip m en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m a c h in e g uards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, ducts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s tab lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y i n g out all types o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m ain te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e l s , o r other s p e c i f i ­
c atio n s ; settin g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e ty pes o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f ha ndto ols in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s ta l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C (M ach in ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equipment o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m ac h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m en t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f trouble ; d is m an tling o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o lv e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g brok en o r d e f e c t i v e p arts with ite m s




T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not include m e c h a n i c s w h o
v e h i c l e s in a u tom ob ile r e p a i r shops.

33

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L AND DIE M AK E R — Continued

In s t a l l s new m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y equip m en t,
and d i s m a n t l e s and
ins ta lls m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en changes in the plant lay ou t a r e
required.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and l a y i n g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handto ols and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g sta n da rd shop com p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g e quip ­
m en t; s e l e c t i n g stan da rd t o o l s , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be us ed; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e qu ip m en t such as d r i v e s
and speed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e task s; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ; setting up and o p e r ­
ating v a r i o u s m a c h in e tools and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; using v a r i o u s to ol and
d ie m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and fi n i s h e d to o ls and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i ti e s ; fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
ances and a l lo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
rounded train in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
through f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E TR AD E S H E LP E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r sup p li ed w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and equip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y ho ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e
tr a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin e d to supply in g, l i f t i n g , and hold ing m a t e r i a l s and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e als o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not
inclu de t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in to ol and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2) pro duce f o r g i n g d ie s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T I O N A R Y E NGIN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y eng ines and equip m ent ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in which e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , he at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g. W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g eq uip m en t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k in g equipm en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l con su mption.
M a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g in e e rs in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e e n g i n e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty pe o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e ng ine la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g au g es ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s used in shap ing o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e .g., plastic, p la ster, rubber, g la s s).
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lv e s ;
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m ­
p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h i n e to o l o r
to o ls ( e . g . , in s t a l l cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es , stops, w o r k i n g t a b le s ,
and ot h e r c o n t r o l s to ha ndle the s i z e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t th ose p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r in ts , o r l a y o u t s ); usin g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts d u r in g m a c h i n i n g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
May
be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e wh en to o ls need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f z. m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

B O IL E R T E ND E R

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not
include m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in to ol and d ie job b in g
shops.

F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s
rate d c a p a c i t y o f tr uck, as f o l l o w s ;

F i r e s s ta tio n a r v b o i l e r s to f u r n is h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in whic h
e m p l o y e d w it h heat, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a f e ty v a l v e s . M a y clean, o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV ER
D r i v e s a tr u c k with in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts such as; M a n u fa ctu rin g p lants, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p la c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M a y a ls o load o r unload tr u c k
with o r w ith out h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in
good w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tr uck
( s t r a i g h t tr uck, un der 1 V2 tons, u s u a l l y 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tr uck
( s t r a i g h t tr uck, \ l /z to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , u s u a l l y 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y truc k
( s t r a i g h t tr uck , o v e r 4 to ns, u s u a l l y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river. tr a c to r -tr a ile r

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g es , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s used in shap in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and l a y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r ot h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s .and




are

34

and

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta sks in c on nection w ith shipping
g o o d s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t In w h ic h e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g in c o m i n g
s h ip m en ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine ta s k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u i d e l i n e s . In ha ndli ng unusual nonr outine p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s of o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to be shipped o r being
received .

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d pro ducts f o r shipm en t o r s t o r a g e by p lacing th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and number o f units to be p acked, the type of con ta iner
e m p l o y e d , and m eth od o f shipm en t. W o r k r e q u i r e s the placing of ite m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the fo l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n of a p p ro p ria t e
typ e and s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta i n e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r ot h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e or d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and sealing c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and ap p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on conta iner.
Packers
who a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e excluded.

S h i p p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : V e r ­
i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g i t e m s and qu antities
o f good s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in s t d ocum ents ; insuring that shipm en ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d with shipping i n f o r m a ti o n , and lo a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods ship ped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f lad in g .

M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g plant, s t o r e , or
other e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on or f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r oth e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un packing, s h e lv in g , or placing
m ateria ls
o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tran s p ortin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload ships, a r e excluded.

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m i n g shipments by c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q u a n titie s un lo aded a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la ding, i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s ,
storage
r e c e i p t s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r d am aged g ood s ; in s u r in g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r routing to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s of goods r e c e i v e d .
For

wage

stu dy

purposes,

w orkers

are

c la ssified

as

follo w s:

PO W E R -TRU C K O PERATO R

Sh ipper
R ece iv e r
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e,
m an u fa c tu rin g plant, o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e pla n. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and obvious d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s tack ing , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m ethods; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e xa m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s hip m en t.
M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type of p o w e r -

F o r k lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m ha za rds
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D uties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d post, making rounds on
f o o t o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be depu tized
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a l s o help v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s by an sw erin g
questio ns and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o lv e shipping and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h i p p e r and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr uck s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

G uard s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e s e r ­
v i c e s on a c o n tr a c t b as is a r e included in this occup ation.

ORDER F IL L E R
For

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s ale s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other instru ctions.
M a y , in ad d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c atin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t suppli es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m ot h e r
r e l a t e d duties.




wage

study

purposes,

g uards

are

c la ssified

as

fo l l o w s :

C lass A.
E n f o r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s i g n e d to p re v e n t b re a c h e s of
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and uses d i s c r e t i o n in dealing with e m e r ­
g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s en c ou n te red .
D e t e r m i n e s wh ether f i r s t

35

GUARD— Continued

GUARD— Continued

re s p o n s e should be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (as k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e wh en d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to keep situatio n un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e p o r t
situat ion so that it can be handled by a p p r o p r i a t e authorit y . D uties r e q u i r e
s p e c i a l i z e d tr a i n i n g in m ethod s and te chn iq ues of p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y a r e a s .
C o m m o n l y , the g u ard is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l f i tn e s s
and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r ot h e r s p e c i a l weap on s.

q u i r e m i n i m a l train in g. C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s i c a l fitn e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w eap on s.
J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s of an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r ot h e r e s ta b li shm en t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w ee p in g , m opping o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and other r e fu s e ; dusting equip m ent, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m ain te n an c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in do w washing a r e excluded.

C l a s s B.
C a r r i e s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
sur ing that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r i a t e authority.
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y on ly in situations
w h ich r e q u i r e m i n i m a l a c t i o n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s . D uties r e ­




36

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e low . B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D ocum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a sh in gto n , D .C . 20402.
M ak e che cks payab le to Superin te n den t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r ve y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th rough 1977, is a v a i l a b l e on req uest .

Area
A k r o n , Ohio, D e c . 1978 _________________________________________
A l b a n y —S c h en e cta d y —T r o y , N. Y . , Sept. 1978 1________________
A n a h e i m —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , Oct. 1978 1 ________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a „ M a y 1978 1 _________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md., A u g . 1978 1 ____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M on t. , July 1 9 78 _______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 78 __________________________________
B osto n ,
M a s s . , Aug. 1978 1______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1978 1_________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 197 8 __________________________________________
C h attan o og a, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1978 1__________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1978 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—K y . —I n d . , July 1978__________________________
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, Sept. 1978_____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1978 1 _____________________________________
Corpus C h risti,
T e x . , July 1 9 78 ________________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , Oct. 1978 1
__________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Isla nd —M o l i n e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1979_______
Day ton, Ohio, D e c . 1978 _________________________________________
D a y to n a B ea ch , F l a . , A u g . 1978 _______________________________
D e n v e n - B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 78____________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h . ,
M a r . 1979 1 ____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1978 1_________________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1978 ___________________________________
G a r y —H a m m o n d —E a s t C h i c a g o , Ind., Aug. 1979 1____________
G r e e n B ay, W i s . , July 1978 1 ___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P oin t,
N .C . , A u g . 1978__________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u rg , S.C ., June 1978 ____________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1979_____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1979________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1979______________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., Oct. 1978 1 __________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1979 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1978 __________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1 9 78 ___________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B ea ch , C a l i f . , Oct. 1978 1 ________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—Ind., N o v . 1 9 78 ________________________________
M e m p h i s , T enn.—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1978 _____________________




Area

B ull etin nu mber
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1978 1
_________________________________________
2025-60,
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________ 2050-8,
M inn eapolis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is ., Jan. 1979________________ 2050-1,
N as sa u—
Suffolk, N. Y., June 1978 1______________________________ 2025-33,
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1979_________________________________________
2050-5,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a., Jan. 1979 1 _________________________________
2050-2,
B u lle tin n u m b er
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y l 9 7 8 1 ______________________________ 2025-35,
and p r i c e *
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B each—P o r ts m o u th , V a.—
2025-63, $1.00
N .C . , M a y 1978 __________________________________________________ 2025-20,
2025-58, $1.20
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch—P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H am pton, V a.—N .C . , M a y 1978------------------- 2025-21,
2025-65, $1.30
2025-47,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1978 ----------------------------------2025-28, $1.40
O k lah o m a C ity , Okla., Aug. 1978_______________________________ 2025-40,
2025-50, $1.50
Omaha, N e b r . —Iowa, Oct. 1978_________________________________
2025-56,
2025-38, $1.00
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J., June 1978 1_________________ 2025-36,
2025-15, 80 cents
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N .J ., N ov. 1978 _____________________________ 2025-54,
2025-43,
$1.50 P i tts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1_____________________________________ 2050-11,
2025-71,
$1.30 P o r t l a n d , M aine, D ec. 1978 1 ___________________________________
2025-70,
2025-22,
70 cents o r t l a n d , O r e g . —Wash., M a y 1978 _____________________________ 2025-25,
P
2025-51, $ 1.2 0
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y., June 1978 1_______________________________
2025-37,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s ton —N ew bu rgh, N. Y . , June 1 9 7 8 1 ______ 2025-42,
2025-32, $1.30
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w tu ck e t, R. I.—
2025-39, $1.10
M a s s ., June 1978________________________________________________
2025-27,
2025-49, $1.30
2025-59,
$1.50 R ic hm ond , Va., June 1978_______________________________________ 2025-26,
2050-13,
2025-29,
$1.00 St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r . 1979 1 _______________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1978 _________________________________
2035-75,
2025-52, $1.50
Saginaw, M ic h ., Nov. 1978 ______________________________________ 2025-64,
2050-10, $1.00
Salt L a k e C ity —Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1 _____________________
2025-72,
2025-66, $1.00
2025-48, $1.00
San An ton io, T e x . , M a y 1979____________________________________ 2050-17,
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1978____________________________________
2025-73,
2025-68, $1.20
San F r a n c i s c o —Oakland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1979_____________________
2050-14,
2050-7, $1.50
2025-31,
$1.20 San Jose, C a l i f . , M a r . 1979_____________________________________
2050-19,
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , Wa sh., D ec. 1978_____________________________ 2025-74,
2025-45, $1.00
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978_____________________________________
2025-44,
(To be surveyed)
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1979__________________________________ 2050-16,
2025-41, $1.20
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1978 1 ______________________________________
2025-55,
U tica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1978___________________________________
2025-34,
2025-46, $1.00
Wash ington, D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1979________________________
2050-4,
2025-30, $1.00
W ic h ita, K ans., A p r . 1979_______________________________________ 2050-18,
2050-12, $1.10
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1978 1_________________________________
2025-19,
2050-15, $1.30
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1979_____________________________________________
2050-6,
2050-3,
$1.00
2025-57, $1.50
2050-9,
$1.20
2025-67, $1.00
2025-53, $1.30
2025-61, $1.50
Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
2025-69, $1.00
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2025-62, $ 1.00

$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.50
70 cents
80 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.20
$1.30
$1.50
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20
$1.40
80 cents
$1.50
$1.00
$1.00
$1.30
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
$1.00
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
$1.00

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g i o n II

R e g i o n lit

R e g io n IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree S t., N .E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-69 71 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

V II

V III

IX

Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
C alifornia
Hawaii
Nevada

R e g io n

I

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




X
Alaska
Idaho
*
Oregon
W ashington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102