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jL j ? .3 :

Area
Wage
Survey




Newark, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, January 1978

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s of a Jan uary 197 8 s u r v e y of o c c u p a ­
ti o n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fits in the N e w a r k , N e w J e r s e y ,
Standar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t of the
B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It was c o n ­
ducted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , under the g e n e r a l
d i r e c t i o n of Anth ony J. F e r r a r a , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r ­
ations. T h e s u r v e y could not have b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d with out the c o o p e r a t i o n
of the m a n y f i r m s wh os e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is f o r the
s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bulle tin. T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n ­
c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b li c ation is in the public d o m a in and m a y be r e ­
p ro d u c ed with out p e r m i s s i o n of the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P l e a s e c r e d i t the
B ureau of L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c ite the na me and nu m b er of this public ation.




Note:
R e p o r t s on occup ational e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in
the N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity c o m b i n e d a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o r r u g a t e d
and s o l i d f i b e r box es ( M a r c h 1976), i n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s (June 1976), and
banking ( N o v e m b e r 1976) i n d u s tr i e s . A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n ­
ings and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in N e w a r k is a v a i l a b l e f o r the
m o v i n g and s to r a g e (J an uary 1978) i n d u s tr y . A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the N e w a r k
a r e a a r e lis ti n g s of union w a g e r a t e s f o r b uild ing t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t op e ratin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o ­
c e r y s to r e e m p l o y e e s . F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's
reg ion al offices.
(See bac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Newark, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, January 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

May 1978
Bulletin 2025-7

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




Page

Page

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
rea u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and r e ­
late d b e n e f i ts .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a ,
oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
Infor­
m a tio n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fits ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is ob ta in ed e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s ha ve b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e is sued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n t s nation al and r e ­
g ion a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d State s , exc lu d in g A l a s k a
and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
thro ugh the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n of w a g e s b y occupation,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e
C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.
A -series

ta b le s

T a b l e s A - 1 th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occup ations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m an u fac tu rin g and nonm anu fa cturin g i n d u s tr i e s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m ain te n anc e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and no nm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
tenance w o r k e r s in nonm anufa cturing b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this occupational gro up in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p resenta tion .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t shifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e ap p e n d ix A.
B -series

tables

The B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty pists and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o rk e rs * on s c h e d ­
uled w e e k l y hours and days of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tions; health, insuran ce, and p e n s io n plans; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e insurance plans.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey pro gram .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r in g , and l a b o r m an a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
Appendix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u re a u
o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

field econ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Ta b le A-1.

W e e k ly e a rning s of office workers in N ew ark, N .J., Ja n u a ry 1978
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
N 1.
1M

Occupation and industry division
workers

ALL

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
s
$
s
110
120
130
U nder
and
S
110
120
130
140

*

*

140

150

-

-

150

160

64
21
43

103
12
91

173
62
111
2

-

-

$

S
160

*

*

$

*

s

$

s

S

<

$

%

s

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

380

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

380

308
16 2
146
1

522
309
213
1

524
301
223
10

499
351
148
9

524
333
191
9

654
466
188
21

1006
677
329
39

595
387
208
51

769
464
305
115

384
199
185
75

190
102
88
59

182
51
131
98

107
22
85
45

28
6
22
16

6
6
4

10
10

-

1
1

1
1

32
32

50
27
23

16
12
4

23
16
7

35
7
28

23
16
7

80
7
73

17
6
ii

12
6
6

3
3

13

38
5
33
“

100
45
55
4

55
23
32
“

160
119
41
3

232
143
89
13

124
80
44
14

192
97
95
61

78
65
13
”

71
58
13
1

58
37
21
12

28
12
16
9

13

3

13
7

3
2

3

-

420
and

420 o v e r

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

6.670
3. 92 5
2. 7 9 5
555

38.0
38.5
37.0
37.0

$
22 5.5 0
22 4.0 0
22 7. 5 0
2 8 6. 00

$
218.50
218.50
219.50
280.50

$
$
189.00-259.50
193.00-253.00
183.00-267.50
256.0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

303
131
172

37.0
37.0
37.0

2 8 3. 50
26 4.0 0
2 9 8. 00

289.50
251.00
320.50

235.0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0
219.00-304.50
276.50-320.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.179
684
495
126

37.5
38.5
37.0
37.5

2 4 7. 50
2 5 0. 50
24 3 . 5 0
28 3 . 0 0

237.00
240.00
231.00
270.00

213.00-274.00
218.5 0 -2 8 0 .0 0
200.00-270.00
257.0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.714
1. 034
680
118

38.5
39.0
37.0
38.0

2 3 8. 50
2 4 2. 50
2 3 2. 50
2 8 4. 50

234.50
240.00
225.00
280.50

210.0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
215.5 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
1 88.00-267.50
242.00-332.00

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1. 822
1. 152
670
90

38.0
38.5
37.0
37.0

21 0.0 0
21 0. 0 0
21 0. 0 0
25 9 . 0 0

205.00
208.00
200. 00
260.50

182.00-233.00
188.50-228.50
169.50-245.50
245.5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

1
1
-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1. 505
924
581
30

38.5
39.0
37.5
36.5

19 7.0 0
19 5.5 0
199.50
21 4 . 5 0

188.00
187.00
194.00
211.00

1 72.00-220.00
174.00-206.50
1 65.50-239.50
187.00-244.50

-

24

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5

19 6.0 0
20 3. 5 0
192.5 0
2 3 0. 00

198.50
207.50
194.50
232.50

159.50-229.00
1 70.00-225.00
145.50-232.00
217.50-249.00

_
-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1. 2 4 4
421
823
253

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

641
115
526
177

37.5
39.5
37.5
36.5

18 3.5 0
195.0 0
181.00
2 3 0. 50

173.00
182.00
168.00
232.50

140.00-229.00
163.50-250.00
139.00-229.00
228.5 0 -2 5 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.
S E N I O R ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

603
306
297

38.0
38.5
37.5

2 0 9. 50
2 0 6. 50
21 2 . 5 0

209.50
213.50
207.5 0

189.00-228.50
1 80.00-225.00
193.00-241.50

TRAN S CR IBIN G -H ACH IN E T YP IS T S
m a n u fa c t u r in g
----------------------------------------------

304
53
251

37.0
39.0
36.5

174. 50
181.0 0
173.5 0

160.00
165.50
157.00

145.00-205.00
160.00-194.50
1 44.50-205.00

T Y P I S T S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

2. 5 8 0
7 24
1.856

37.0
38.0
37.0

15 5.0 0
16 3.0 0
15 2.0 0

150.00
160.00
144.00

1 32.00-168.00
1 47.00-172.00
130.00-167.50

N O NM ANUFACTUR ING

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

t

1.005
238
767

37.0
37.5
37.0

170. 00
172.50
16 9.5 0

162.00
160.00
162.50

149.50-182.00
1 60.00-184.00
1 47.00-182.00

1
1
-

24

7

24

7
-

_
-

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

5
5
“

5
~
5

6

13

6

13

36
3
33

72
11
61
1

100
21
79

76
51
25
2

118
82
36
2

179
114
65
8

341
237
104
13

232
186
46
14

256
174
82
9

157
119
38
23

44
25
19
10

24
7
17
9

52
4
48
24

53
1
52
“

80
26
54
1

130
84
46

152
88
64

176
117
59
2

164
127
37
1

223
157
66
3

196
158
38
4

255
203
52
7

140
109
31
14

115
71
44
32

91
8
83
24

8
3
5
2

12

8

-

12

8

-

44
11
33

68
36
32
1

133
75
58
1

267
210
57
~

204
158
46
8

152
127
25
2

114
70

-

_

-

-

78
6

1
1

-

-

-

*

-

-

4

172
106
66
2

1

3

124
67
57
2

78

44

81
43
38

126
6
120

76
6
70
2

87
45
42
1

82
46
36
2

63
29
34

109
17
92
15

95
43
52
22

95
48
47
21

198
80
118
81

185
69
116
83

16
2
14
10

7
7

1
1

-

4

-

_

4

77
29
48
8

67
3
64
2

44

54
21
33
2

32
12
20
2

42
15
27
6

28
2
26
9

19
1
18
10

23
2
21
10

92
7
85
71

89
31
58
58

3
1
2
2

43
32
11

28
25
3

31
17
14

35
14
21

81
15
66

76
42
34

72
46
26

106
73
33

96
38
58

20

23
2
21

19
8
11

11
3
8

15
15

16
3
13

13
13

3

15
15

2
2
“
23

23
“*

~

122
6
1 16

21
21

-

13
31
1

13

”

-

36
10
26

-

-

2

4

15

19

74

-

9
5

-

4

15

19

70

20

34
18
16

21

-

144
144

387
52
335

321
73
248

303
90
213

39 7
24 1
156

183
39
144

117
49
68

87
8
79

95
55
40

41
13
28

70
22
48

18
2
16

6

21

378
78
300

144
23
121

110
13
97

230
108
122

122
7
115

92
32
60

58
4
54

42
21
21

17
1
16

49
14
35

16
2
14

3

_

-

4

3

12

3

12

3

97
11
86

-

“

-

4

~

3

~

_

_
-

-

-

4

13
1
12

-

3
3

4

4
4

9
3
6

4

-

-

1
1

_

2

-

-

-

at end o f t a b le s .




4
4

3

_
~

~

41
21
20
~

-

-

-

3
~
3

-

24

-

”

2
~
2
“

-

-

~

-

4

-

-

“

“

_

_

-

3

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

6

~

_

-

“

-

-

2

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

9
i
8

-

7
1
6

2

2

2

1
1

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978— Continued
^^^V^ekl^Tarnings^,—
"
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
*

s

Number
of
woikers

weekly
hours1
(standard'

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

110
U nder
and
$
u n d er
110
120

$

%

$

s

$

S

s

*

$

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

S

*

$

*

*

S

$

S

*

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

_

130

120

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

—

and

320

340

380

420

over

~

—
-

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

366
78
288
-

290
41
249
-

177
50
127
1

193
77
116
2

16 7
133
34
9

61
32
29
14

25
17
8
5

29
4
25
18

53
34
19
16

24
12
12
11

21
8
13
7

2
2
~

3
~
3
3

2
2
2

234
22
212
-

150
18
132
-

91
30
61
5

47
11
36
7

62
4
58

41
17
24
10

16
8
8
6

36
13
23
22

4
4
4

6
6
6

7
4
3
3

13
2
11
11

15
13
2
2

6
2

12
10

14
1

1
1

1

-

-

1

"

-

-

380

420

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

TYPISTS -

CONTINUED
1.575
486
1.089
88

37.0
38.5
36.5
37.0

$
145. 50
15 8. 5 0
14 0.0 0
198.00

$

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

138.00
159. 00
133.00
197.00

$
$
126.50-159.00
1 41.00-168.00
1 25.00-149.50
1 77.00-210.50

F I L E C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1. 27 0
153
1.117
83

37.0
38.5
36.5
37.0

13 3 . 5 0
16 3.5 0
1 2 9. 50
19 5 . 5 0

123.00
143.00
120.00
197.00

112.50-140.00
132.5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
110.5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
172.00-216.50

*200

_

_

21
21
-

200
-

141
~
141
-

348
11
337
1

6

-

-

3
3

2
2

7
7

34
34

10
10

1
1

4
3

2
2

4
4

78
9
69

31
9
22

17
4
13

14
2
12

11
7
4

8
8
-

9
9

1
-

80

67
9
58

-

1

~

182
-

268
11
257
1

167
13
154
-

69
9
60
-

58
21
37
5

23
7
16
5

14
2
12
4

20
10
10
8

7
7
6

23
3
20
20

1
1
1

2
~
2
2

124.50-164.00
125.50-160.00
120.00-169.00
138.00-224.00

11
~
11

54
1
53

90
54
36

29
15
14

33
7
26
4

12
3
9
4

11
5
6

-

32
12
20
1

14
11
3

-

24
14
10
1

9
7
2

-

108
40
68
14

-

-

170.00
178.50
168.00
227.0 0

139.00-202.00
150.50-201.50
136.00-205.00
182.00-248.50

-

5
5

53
53

24
1
23
4

32
7
25
4

34
16
18

13

-

36
14
22

1 6 5. 50
1 6 4. 50
16 6.5 0

164.00
160.50
168.00

146.00-182.50
146.0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
148.50-180.00

-

-

38.0
38.0
38.0

18 4.0 0
19 1. 5 0
1 7 3. 00

180.00
189.50
178.00

1 50.00-200.00
1 71.00-217.00
1 37.50-187.50

2
2

257
203

39.0
39.0

22 6 . 0 0
21 6 . 0 0

217. 00
215.0 0

187.50-242.00
190.00-230.00

_

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S . B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ’------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

6 32
322
310

38.0
37.5
38.0

16 7.0 0
176. 00
15 7.5 0

171.00
175.00
150.00

145.00-188.50
1 53.00-191.00
1 36.50-160.00

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

3. 0 26
1.24 6
1.780
192

38.0
38.5
37.5
39.0

1 8 4. 50
18 7.0 0
18 2.5 0
25 3 . 0 0

171.50
180.00
165.00
26 2.0 0

150.00-209.00
1 55.00-215.00
1 48.00-201.50
209.0 0 -3 0 1 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

99
79

37.0
36.5

1 9 8. 00
1 8 2. 50

172.00
169.50

163.50-249.00
162.00-194.00

_

-

-

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

336
57
279

36.5
37.5
36.5

13 6.0 0
15 7.5 0
13 1 . 5 0

130.00
152.00
127.00

120.00-142.00
138.00-184.00
120.00-138.00

18
18

80

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

835
76
759
53

37.0
38.5
37.0
36.5

12 5 . 0 0
1 4 2. 50
12 3 . 0 0
1 8 2. 50

117.00
140.00
117.00
189.00

110.00-130.00
126.0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
110.00-128.00
165.00-197.00

182

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

448
169
279
41

37.5
38.0
37.0
36.5

14 7.0 0
1 4 7. 00
14 7.0 0
18 4.0 0

137.00
137.00
134.00
181.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

353
92
261
76

38.0
39.0
38.0
38.5

17 7 . 0 0
18 3 . 5 0
17 4.5 0
214.50

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N IS T S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

538
318
220

38.0
38.0
37.5

O R D E R C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

889
5 25
364

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

*

W orkers

were

See f o o tn o te s

d is tr i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :

1 at $ 90 to

$10 0;

and

199 at $10 0 to

1

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

5

~

16
16

”

4

22

3
2

22
12

14
6
8

8
8
“

68
68

30
4
26
25

13

-

-

-

-

"

*

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

~
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

4

2
2

-

-

-

~

~

~

4

~

-

-

“
-

~

-

-

-

-

6

26
10
16
6

_

-

71
56
15

70
20
50

82
64
18

89
53
36

52
17
35

62
41
21

45
26
19

7

-

24
15
9

12
-

44

47

44

46

90
33
57

38
24
14

104
68
36

155
72
83

69
50
19

75
56
19

38
38

12

75
71
4

_

_

_

_

_

8
8

1
1

62
36

21
21

23
23

30
30

43
43

7
5

32
32

4

-

4

~

8
8

25
25

2
2

-

i

~

i

“

~

“

~

~

~

~

~

109
64

55
14
41
41

61
1
60
47

19
2
17
2

-

-

-

-

i

-

2

12
12
28
3
25

148
62
86

-

-

75
71
4

90
33
57

30
16
14

103
67
36

93
36
57

48
29
19

52
33
19

238
65
173
2

332
122
210
2

352
91
261
10

339
134
205

289
125
164
5

254
154
100
10

129
49
80
7

162
63
99
13

-

-

6
1

-

44

-

6
5

47
1
46

44

2

7

$110 .

4

i

4

9
7

202
127
75
20

115
67
48
13

~

“

i

-

i

“

~

"

32
32

2

“

159
103
56

13
5
8

7

6
4

5
5
_

45

16

“

-

5
1

30
14
16
6

-

~

1
1

16

~

25
4
21
2

-

at end o f t a b l e s .




-

-

-

-

~
-

-

“

-

“

26

"

-

26

-

-

26

~
-

-

-

~

“

~

33

2
“

33

2

~

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S

$
110
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

s

120

130

140

$
150

S

s

160

170

$

s

180

190

$

s

200

210

$

$
220

240

$

s
260

280

$

$
300

320

S

$
340

380

U nder
,
j
and
n o

u n d er
120

420
and

170

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

390

380

920

190
75
65

81
21
60

119
91
78
2

108
65
93

128
77
51
13

57
27
30
9

83
57
26
1

99
19
35
35

13
13
~

19
2
17
2

33

2
“
2

109
60
49
5

119
79
35
10

98
28
20
7

93
22
21
11

51
38
13
4

79
50
24
7

58
90
18
4

26
7
19
15

6
6
6

98
1
47
97

-

-

-

-

~

“
“

“
“

2
2

_

_

_

2
~

28
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

“

-

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

4
4

-

~

~

“

"

■

9
5

-

-

-

180

130

190

150

160

2
2

6
6

22
2
20

55
7
48

109
29
75

180
65
115

28
3
25

196
62
84

310
120
190
2

297
89
213
10

235
105
130

-

232
65
167
2

23
23

30
30

6
i

13
13

68
50

3
3

23
23

30
30

6
i

13
13

99
31

3
3

2
2

-

33

7

6

6

2

-

31

5

6

4

2

190

over

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLEr k S -

CONTINUED

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.201
<*82
719
62

38 .0
38 .5
37 .5
39.0

s
2 1 0. 50
21 2.0 0
20 9.5 0
2 7 1. 50

$
$
$
200. 00 1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0
210.00 1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 3 . 0 0
193.00 1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 3 1 . 5 0
293.00 2 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 9 3 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.825
764
1 »061
130

37.5
38.5
37.5
39.0

167. 50
171.5 0
164,5 0
29 9.5 0

155.00 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 1 . 0 0
165.00 1 9 3 . 0 0 - 1 8 6 . 5 0
152.00 1 3 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . 0 0
262.00 1 9 2 . 0 0 - 3 0 1 . 0 0

175
150

37.5
37.0

154.0 0
153.50

150.00
150.00

ACCOUNTING

CLERKS.

B O O K K EEPIN G -M A C H IN E
N O NM ANUFACTUR ING

CLASS

A

-------------

O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------

B O O K K EEPIN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R S.
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------

BILLERS

128
105

37.5
37.0

139.00
136.5 0

190.00
128.00

1 2 8 . J 0 - 1 5 0 . 00
127.0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

---------------------------------------------

62

38.5

162.5 0

134.00

131.5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

56

39.0

164.0 0

131.50

131.50-157.00

-

159.5 0 -2 1 9 .0 0
159.5 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
151.5 0 -2 1 9 .0 0
219.50-290.00

_
~
-

BILLIN G -M A C H IN E

BILLERS

---------------------

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

326
202
129
39

38 .5
39.0
37.0
35.5

188.50
19 0.0 0
186.5 0
22 8. 5 0

182.00
179.50
189.50
229.00

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.81 8
798
1. 0 70
219

37.5
38.0
37.0
36.5

179.00
18 7.5 0
173.00
2 1 1. 50

179.00 1 9 6 . 5 0 - 2 0 3 . 0 0
185.00 1 5 9 . 5 0 - 2 0 8 . 0 0
165.00 1 9 9 . 0 0 - 1 9 3 . 0 0
203.50 1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 9 7 . 0 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

778
320
458
122

38 .0
38 .5
37.0
37.0

20 0.0 0
2 0 9. 50
197.00
2 1 9. 50

192.00
195.00
190.00
217.00

175.00-218.00
180.00-227.50
170.0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
172.00-271.50

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

1. 090
9 28
612

37 .5
38.0
37.0

163.0 0
179.50
155. 00

152.00
171.50
199.00

190.50-181.50
199.00-201.00
133.0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

KEY

See fo o t n o t e s

-

128.0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
128.0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-----------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTUR ING
MACHINE

-

-

38
28
10
-

36
36
_

87
87
-

20
19

318
193
175
8

66

1

1
1
*

-

36

36

9

90
3
37

-

6

86
86

89
27
57

278
190
138

9

-

at end o f t a b l e s .




21
5
16
-

93
27

5
5
~

5

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

“

~

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

_

33
~

-

"
_

“

-

-

-

-

-

18
8
10
3

17
12
5
4

25
19
11
9

48
32
16
19

8
3
5
5

9
7
2
2

5
3
2
2

27
3
29
29

92
5
37
25

-

“

~

~

~

9

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

49
31
18

35
13
22

-

-

128
18
110
12

157
113
23

197
105
92
23

158
85
73
15

199
63
86
21

199
87
62
23

109
56
53
16

103
62
41
19

56
95
11

29

69
18
96
10

100
49
51
10

111
98
63
10

107

70
30
40

69
31
38

77

28
26
2

22
3
19
19

42
5
37
25

“

~

93
26
67

97
56
91

97
37
10

92
19
23

28
19

5
5

-

-

-

-

9

20
10
99
9

90

44

~

4

23
22
1
-

6

“

44

63
10

99

4

6

28
12

79
57
22

90
25
15

26
13
13

9

9

-

-

4

5
4

“
"

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
wodkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

140

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nde r
S
140

and
unde r
150

ALL

150

$
160

s

%

170

180

s

190

s

200

%

220

$

%

240

$

$

%

%

s

S

s

s

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

s

480

520

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

ove r

-

-

5
4
i

24
7
17

12
5
7
4

47
21
26
1

70
26
44
3

133
47
86
8

158
42
116
15

147
51
96
7

112
53
59
8

239
85
154
20

138
48
90
20

103
27
76
19

26
3
23
9

6
6

19
17
2
2

18
11
7
2

53
25
28
“

50
21
29
1

175
61
114
9

116
34
82
15

84
26
58
10

24
3
21
*7

99

129
28
1 01
6

87
23
64

52

56
22
34
5

15
11
4
i

18

2

18
9

2
2

1

_

-

-

13

1
1
-

UORKERS

COMPUTER SY ST EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.214
419
795
114

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 5 .0

$
3 8 8.50
3 84.00
391.50
4 2 1.00

$
3 82.00
3 82.50
3 82.00
41 5.0 0

$
$
3 4 0.50-432.50
3 3 5.50-420.00
342.5 0 -4 37 .5 0
357.0 0 -4 77 .0 0

-

COMPUTER S Y S T EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

545
204
341
46

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 5 .0

431.50
4 1 5.00
4 4 1.5 0
4 6 2.50

43 0.0 0
41 2.0 0
437.50
4 68.00

394.5 0 -4 68 .5 0
3 7 9.50-452.50
412.0 0 -4 73 .0 0
43 2.0 0 -4 95 .5 0

-

COMPUTER S Y S T EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

533
16 4
369
33

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 5 .5

3 6 2.00
3 6 3.00
361.50
4 1 6.50

3 54.50
36 0.0 0
353.00
40 3.0 0

331.0 0 -3 83 .0 0
3 2 9.00-391.00
331.0 0 -3 75 .5 0
3 5 3.50-516.50

COMPUTER S Y S T EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ---------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

1 22
85

3 7 .0
3 6 .0

314.00
319.50

304.50
3 0 7.0 0

276.0 0 -3 40 .0 0
283.5 0 -3 54 .5 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .181
268
913
1 15

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .0

3 0 3.0 0
333.50
2 9 4.50
332.50

2 8 9.0 0
31 8.5 0
28 7.5 0
3 25.00

2 5 9.00-346.50
2 7 4.50-384.50
250.0 0 -3 36 .5 0
2 8 1.50-384.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A ---------------------- t-------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

305
88
217

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

350.00
393.50
3 3 2.00

3 42.00
38 1.5 0
308.50

2 8 5.00-413.50
3 3 6.00-465.50
270.5 0 -3 84 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

536
1 18
418

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

307.50
317.50
304.50

29 8.0 0
3 16.50
297.00

273.0 0 -3 36 .5 0
273.0 0 -3 43 .0 0
273.5 0 -3 32 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

340
62
278

3 6 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

2 5 4.50
2 7 8.50
2 4 9.00

2 3 8.5 0
2 74.50
23 1.0 0

214.5 0 -2 72 .5 0
237.0 0 -2 84 .5 0
211.5 0 -2 69 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.022
358
664
123

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 5 .0

240.00
2 3 5.50
2 4 3.00
277.50

231 . 5 0
2 3 0.0 0
234.00
2 50.00

1 9 9.0 0 -2 68 .0 0
200.0 0 -2 62 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0
250.0 0 -3 12 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

265
97
168
39

3 8 .0
3 9 ,0
3 7 .5
3 5 .5

2 8 0.50
2 6 8.00
2 8 7.50
331.50

26 2.0 0
2 61.50
26 8.0 0
3 32.50

2 4 0.00-320.00
232.0 0 -3 00 .0 0
2 4 1.00-332.50
3 1 0 .0 0 -3 5 1 .5 0

*

$

s

s

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s :

~

_

_

“

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

~

-

-

~

-

"

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

~

—

~

_

_

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

~

_

_

~

-

5
~

28
4
24

120
3
117

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
~
-

“

-

“

i
i

“

-

'

_
-

“

25
17
8

44
13
31

~

3
1
2
2

22
15

9
5

92
15
77
15

"

~

"
4

63
11
52
1

2
2

“

23
76
2

22
18

20

14
8

10
8

5
4

4

13

4

7
6

4
4

173
38
135
6

188
25
163
18

131
39
92
15

58
30
28
3

82
18
64
19

53
14
39
6

64
24
40
17

66
14
52
13

44
30
14
2

2
11
~

11
8
3

29

32
9
23

26
4
22

42
30
12

13
2
11

~

19
7
12

14
4

38
10

_

_

_

10

28

5
-

2
-

“

_

_

-

_

_

~

-

_

_

13

21

19

48

29

17

-

“

13

4

21

19

2
46

13
16

12
5

4
4

11

12
12

93
22
71

117
10
10 7

99
26
73

40
17

11

35
12
23

23

54
10
44

24
4
20

96
3
93

47
11
36

36
3
33

61
16
45

23
13
10

3
-

1
1

17
-

5

-

5
~

-

~

103
64
39

63
15
48

129
55
74
1

167
69
98
8

164
43
12 1
71

91
52
39
4

42
13
29
2

64
26
38
7

10
2
8

53
26
27

56
20
36
1

34
20
14
4

9

36
22
14
6

~

_

_

-

-

~

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

“
13
-

5
-

24

13

13

5
-

24

_

_
~

13
~

-

“

"

-

-

~

~

—
_

~

_

-

40
10
30

~

5
-

“

-

-

-

-

5 at $ 520 to $ 560; 1 at $ 560 to $ 600; and 1 at $ 600 to $ 640.

Se e foo tn ot e s at end of ta b l e s .




-

-

6

-

-

2

2

4

-

3
6
1

3

7
22

26
26
3

17

3
44
44
13
27

-

27
10

5

18
11
7

21
3
18
8

12
2
10
4

20
3
17
5

7
3
4

16
1
15
8

6

11
2
9

5
1
4

6
4

5

2

”

1
1

-

_

_

2
-

-

2

-

-

-

_

■

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -2 .

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978— Continued
^^Weektyearnlngs^™
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
f

s

190
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nde r
190

*

%

s

%

s

$

S

%

$

%

*

%

*

s

%

%

%

s

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

290

26 0

280

300

3 20

390

360

380

900

990

980

160

170

180

190

200

220

290

260

28 0

300

320

390

360

380

900

990

980

520 o v e r

33
10
23

19
3
16

13

5
2
3

6
2
4

9
1
8

2
2

13

9
8

9
9

_

-

-

520

and
u n d er
150

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

6 05
215
390

37.5
38.5
37.0

$
2 3 3. 00
22 9.5 0
23 7.5 0

$
227.50
213.00
231.00

$
$
1 96.00-250.00
1 85.00-298.50
202.00-250.00

2
~
2

5

3

7

5

3

7

20
7
13

76
53
23

53
19
39

100
93
57

98
31
67

103
19
89

51
28
23

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

152
106

37.0
37.0

19 8.5 0
190.50

185.50
178.00

1 69.50-225.00
161.50-208.00

11
11

8
8

2
2

17
17

20
17

27
16

8
7

19
9

16
9

5
1

6
2

59

37.0

20 3 . 0 0

196.00

1 86.00-220.00

5

2

1

-

6

12

9

8

7

2

1

5

1

-

-

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

1. 170
691
979

38.5
39.0
38.0

28 2.5 0
26 0.0 0
31 9.5 0

281.00
260.00
320.00

236.00-329.50
220.00-299.00
256.00-350.00

2
2

7
4
3

3
1
2

26
22
4

50
99
1

38
30
8

13
8
5

90
52
38

99
78
16

190
90
50

99
68
31

156
117
39

105
70
35

132
99
88

73
28
95

57
26
31

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

9 09
267
192

38.5
39.0
37.5

330.5 0
306.5 0
37 6. 0 0

317.00
306.00
369.00

288.0 0 -3 6 0 .0 0
286.00-329.50
320.00-953.50

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

~

21
15
6

23
12
11

13
11
2

80
78
2

78
69
19

69
39
25

23
22
1

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

5 32
263
269
83

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.0

27 9.0 0
293.5 0
309.5 0
39 0.0 0

269.00
295.00
322.00
335.00

236.0 0 -3 2 6 .5 0
215.0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
260.0 0 -3 9 3 .0 0
332.5 0 -3 7 9 .0 0

5
5

4
3
1

67
95
22

95
37
8

77
96
31
13

69
97
22
“

53
32
21
-

27
6
21

68
5
63
31

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

212
155
57

38.0
38.0
38.0

219.5 0
21 1.0 0
29 1. 5 0

217. 00
200.00
2 9 5. 0 0

187.50-293.00
176.0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0
209.5 0 -2 8 0 .5 0

32
30
2

9
5
4

23
7
16

28
26
2

39
31
8

16
9
7

23
7
16

_
-

COMPUTER

DATA

LIB R A R IA N S

-----------------------

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

-

16
16

8
6
2

16
16

32
32

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

25
9
21

15

25

20

-

15

25

20

42
29
18

5
2
3

15
*
15

25

20

25

20

~

50
6
99
8

15
2
13
13

20
2
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

”

-

-

-

-

~
"

ELECTRO NICS TECH N ICIAN S:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

222.5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

8

-

8

-

19

256.0 0

221.0 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

19

12

6

5

261.0 0
251.50

2 3 3 .5 0 -2 8 7 .0 0
233.50-278.00

_

_

-

_

2

_

i

10
8

35
29

35
32

39
29

21
13

25 1. 5 0

256.00

90.0

25 9.0 0

39.0
39.5

2 6 3. 50
26 1.0 0

155

39.5

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S BZ
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

61

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

167
126

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




7

19

79

6

7

9

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

5

3

12
4

13
7

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Newark, N.J., January 1978
A v e rage
(m e a n ^ )

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

O FFICE

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

O CCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(m e a n 2)

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

38.0
37.5

$
160.50
15 6 . 5 0

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO NMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T ILIT IES

258
90
168
33

37.5
38.5
37.0
36.5

14 7 . 0 0
15 5 . 5 0
14 3 . 0 0
182.50

SE CR ETARIES . CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NO NMANUFACTURING —
PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S

1*819
1. 15 2
667
87

$
3 8 .0 2 1 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 1 0 .0 0
3 7 . 0 2 0 9 .5 0
3 6 .5 2 5 8 .5 0

O R D E R C L E R K S -------------M ANUFACTUR ING —
NONMANUFACTURING

309
93
216

39.5
39.5
39.5

19 4 . 0 0
224.50
18 1 . 0 0

SE CR ETARIES . CLASS E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

1.5 05
924
581
30

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 9 7. 00
1 9 5. 50
1 9 9. 50
2 1 4 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

131
82

39.0
39.5

239.50
229.00

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

178
167

39.5
39.5

16 0 . 5 0
1 5 9. 0 0

1. 23 8
4 20
818
249

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 9 6. 00
2 0 3 .5 0
1 9 2. 00
2 2 9 .5 0

478
182
296
66

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0

220.50
220.00
221.00
266.00

STEN O G RAPH ERS. GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

6 36
115
521
173

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 8 3. 00
1 9 5 .0 0
1 8 0. 50
2 3 0 .0 0

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

275
106
169

39.0
39.0
39.0

241.50
228.00
250.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . SENIO R
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

602
305
297

38.0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

2 0 9 .5 0
206.50
212.50

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

203
76
127
40

38.0
39.5
37.5
39.0

192.00
209.00
18 1 .5 0
256.00

286
53
233

3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 7 3. 00
181 .00
1 7 1. 50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONHANUFACTURING

2 .5 5 3
7 22
1.831

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
36 .5

1 5 4. 50
1 6 3. 00
1 5 1 .5 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONHANUFACTURING

985
238
747

3 7 .0
3 7. 5
3 7 .0

1 7 0. 00
1 7 2 .5 0
1 6 9. 00

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NO NM ANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

1. 56 8
484
1. 08 4
84

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

1 4 5. 00
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 9. 50
1 9 5 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NONHANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

1. 199
143
1. 056
59

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
37.0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 2 8. 00
1 9 1 .0 0

83

3 7 .0

1 9 1 .5 0

F ILE CLERKS. CLASS B
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

322
273

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 3 4. 50
1 3 1 .0 0

F ILE CLERKS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

7 94
76
718
44

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

1 2 4. 50
1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 2. 50
1 8 4 .5 0

O FFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

SE C R ETA RIES . CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NO NMANUFACTURING —
SE CR ETARIES . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NO NMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
SE C R ETA RIES . CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC U T ILIT IE S




-

CONTINUED

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NO NM ANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

TRAN SCRIBIN G -M ACH IN E T YP IST S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

W eek ly
hours
(standard)

W ee k ly
earnings1
(standard)

-

M E S S E N G E R S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

190
79
111

37.5
38.0
37.5

1 4 7 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

349
92
257
72

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.5

177.00
1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0
2 1 7 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

536
318
218

38.0
38.0
37.5

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

O R D E R C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

570
422
148

37.5
37.5
36.5

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

122
117

38.5
38.5

212.00
207.50

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

448
305
143

37.0
37.5
36.5

169.00
1 7 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

2 .5 4 8
1 .0 6 4
1.4 8 4
126

37.5
38.0
37.0
39.0

1 7 7 .5 0
181.50
1 7 5 .0 0
246.50

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

9 26
376
550
36

37.5
38.0
37.5
38.5

201.50
208.00
1 9 7 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1 .6 2 2
688
934
90

37.5
38.5
37.0
39.0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
239.00

O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------

152
127

37.5
37.0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

BO O KKEEPIN G -M ACH IN E O PERATO RS.
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

105
82

38.0
37.0

145.00
1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 54 .0 0

WOME N

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO NMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T ILIT IE S

See f o o tn o te s at

SECRETARIES

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

O FFICE O CCUPATIO NS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

71
61

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO NMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
WO MEN— C O N T I N U E D

MEN

F I L E C L E R K S ----------------NONMANUFACTURING

A v e ra ge
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
workers

6. 6 5 6
3.923
2 . 7 33
545

38.0
38.5
37.0
37.0

225.50
2 2 4 .0 0
22 7 .0 0
286.00

303
131
172

37.0
37.0
37.0

283.50
264.00
2 9 8 .0 0

684
490
123

37.5
38.5
37.0
37.5

2 4 7 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0
243.00
2 8 2 .5 0

1. 70 9
1. 0 32
677
115

38.5
39.0
37.0
37.5

2 3 8 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0
232.00
283.50

FILE

CLERKS.

CLASS

A

end o f t a b l e s .

8

B O O KKEEPIN G -M ACHIN E
NO NM ANUFACTURING

60

38.5

1 5 8 .5 0

---------------------

54

39.0

159.50

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

301
187
114
32

38.5
39.0
37.0
35.5

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
227.00

MACHINE

BILLERS

---------------------------------------------

B ILLIN G -M A C H IN E

BILLERS

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Newark, N .J., January 1978— Continued
A verage
( m ean2 )

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
rkers

W eekly
standard)

O FFICE O CCUPATIONS
WO ME N— C O N T I N U E D

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

797
746
051
205

37.5 5 , , . 0 0
3 8 . 0 187. 00
3 7 .0 173. 00
3 6 . 0 21 3.0 0

KEY ENTRY O PER A TO R S. C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

759
318
441
108

3 8 .0
38.5
37.0
36.5

20 0. 5 0
20 4.5 0
197. 50
22 3 . 5 0

KEY ENTRY O PERATO RS. C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

.038
428
610

37.5
38.0
37.0

163. 00
174. t>0
155.00

KEY

N O NM ANUFACTUR ING

-----------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L A ND
O CCUPATIONS

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

W eekly
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T IN U E D

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CONTINUED

(B U S IN E S S )

37.5
39.0
37.0

392.50
389.0 0
394. 50

458
177
281

37.5
39.0
37.0

43 1.5 0
414. 50
44 2. 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

405
125
280

37.5
39.0
37.0

366. 50
37 0.0 0
36 5.0 0

COMPUTER S Y ST EM S AN A LY S TS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C -----------

90

37.5

CO M PUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------C O M PU TER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
C L A S S C ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

37.5
37.5
37.0

$
3 0 7 .5 0
3 0 6 .5 0
3 0 7 .5 0

36.5
36.5

381
88
293

2 5 7 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

794
261
533
58

38.0
39.0
37.5
35.5

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0
2 4 4 .0 0
3 0 4 .0 0

245
87
158
36

38.0
39.0
37.5
35.5

2 7 7 .5 0
2 6 7 .0 0
2 8 3 .5 0
3 3 2 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

141
292

38.0
38.5
37.5

2 3 8 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

116
83

37.0
37.0

1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

.067
6 27

38.5
39.0
37.5

2 8 7 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0
3 2 0 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

393
253

38.5
39.0
37.5

3 3 3 .0 0
3 0 9 .0 0
3 7 6 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

482
237

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.0

2 7 9 .0 0
249.00
3 0 8 .5 0
3 4 2 .0 0

38.0
38.0

218.00
2 0 8 .0 0

31 2.0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S IN E S S ) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC

U T ILITIES

---------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) '
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s

849
194
655
67

37.0
38.0
37.0
35.0

30 8.0 0
34 1.0 0
29 8.5 0
31 6.5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

233
77
156

37.0
38.5
36.5

36 0.0 0
39 2.5 0
34 4.0 0

ELECTRO NICS T ECH N ICIAN S:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

at end o f ta b le s .




9

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

2 84 .5 0
2 84 .00

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

302 .00
3 02 .00

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

3 03 .50
297 .50

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

2 48 .0 0
2 45 .50

3 7. 0
3 8 .0
3 6 .0

2 24 .00
2 06 .00
2 37 .5 0

3 6. 5
3 8. 0

220.00
1 97 .00

103

3 9 .0
3 8. 5

2 32 .50
2 21 .50

167
126

3 9 .0
3 9. 5

2 63 .5 0
2 61 .0 0

ANO T E C H N I C A L
ME N— C O N T I N U E D

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

967
345
622

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

P R O FESSIO N A L
OCCUPATIONS -

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

TECHNICAL
- MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

P RO FESSIO N A L
OCCUPATIONS -

-

Average
( mean3 )

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of

39.5

2 5 1 .5 0

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N I C IA N S . C L A S S B:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOME N

(B U S IN E S S ):
M ANUFACTUR ING
COMPUTER SY ST EM S AN ALY STS
( B U S I N E S S ) • C L A S S B ----------

NO NMANUFACTURING

314
258

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) i
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) i
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

144
125

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------COMPUTER O PER ATO R S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUF A C T U R IN G

226
95
131

COMPUTER O PER ATO R S. C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------COMPUTER

DATA

LIBRARIAN S

D R A F T E R S -----------------M ANUFACTUR ING
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

50

B

R EG ISTERED IN D U STRIAL NURSES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

Table A -4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Newark, N .J., January 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnin gs *

Occupation and industry division

N u m ber
of
w orkers

"I
4.00
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

U nder
S

4 .0 0

and
unde r
4.20

ALL

i
4.20
_

*
5
4.40 4 .40
_

4.40

5
4.80

_

4.60

_

*
5.00

*
t
5 .20 5.40

_

4 . BO 5 . 0 0

_

_

5.20

5.40

i
5.60
_

£
5.80
_

s
7.40

8 .6 0

-

-

"5------- 1 --------- ! --------- 5-----9.00 9 .4 0 9.80 1 0 .2 0

*
7.00

-

-

6.20, 6 . 6 0

.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

66
28
38

65
65

46
43
3

13
13
-

52
8
44

24
22
2

12
6
6

8
8
-

3
3

152
152

147
143
4

150
147
3
3

72
49
23
20

76
75
1
1

77
48
29
5

58
20
38
38

4
4
-

110
101
9
-

*
6 .20

_

5.60

5.80

6.00

3
3

25
25

-

-

10
10

33
30
3
3

27
27
-

_

_

:

:

8
8
95
95

-

$
7.80

s
8.20

i.60

$
6 .0 0

-

i

—

-

and

9.8010.20 o v e r

WORKERS

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

325
221
104

$
7.31
7.10
7.76

$
7.09
6.88
8.03

$
6.396.606.38-

$
8 .1 3
7 .4 5
8 .1 3

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

972
841
131
70

7.67
7.51
8.69
8.29

7.35
7. 1 2
8. 97
8. 9 7

6.686 .5 7 7.9 5 7 .56-

8.52
8.19
6 .9 7
8 .9 7

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

239
173
66

7.17
7.42
6.53

7.25
7.25
7. 0 6

6.416 .5 7 4.60-

7 .9 5
7 .7 9
8 .8 5

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

509
472

7.63
7.55

7.35
7.12

6.816 .7 7 -

8.32
8 .1 5

M ECH ANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

1 1 300
I f 162
138

7.21
7.09
8.16

7. 0 7
6.92
8.20

6.356 .2 6 7 .8 0 -

7 .8 3
7 .3 5
8 .5 7

M AINTENANCE M ECH ANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

982
171
811
692

8.06
7.18
8.24
8.34

8. 2 7
6. 8 1
8.27
8. 2 7

8.0 0 6.468.058.1 0 -

8 .6 6
7 .3 5
8 .6 6
8.66

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

606
517
89

7.75
7.58
8.72

7. 6 1
7.35
8. 5 1

6.8 6 6.818.13-

8 .5 2
8 .5 2
9 .3 9

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

178
157

7.43
7.31

7 .3 4
7 .1 2

6.8 1 6.77-

M I L L W R I G H T S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

242
226

8.05
8.04

8 .2 7
8. 2 7

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

233
170

5.43
5.31

M A C H IN E -T O O L O PE R A TO R S (TO O LR O O M ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

265
263

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

M AINTENANCE

m a n u fa c t u r in g

”
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

:

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

3

2

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

-

_

:

5

22
22

-

_
_

-

-

-

17
17

24
24

9

14

5

_

-

18
18
-

14
14

24
19
5

-

12
12

15
15

52
52

112
112

66
58

10
7

103
99

34
26

8
6

79
77

4
-

64
64

75
75

153
133
20

214
210
4

307
303
4

11
7
4

82
56
26

47
47

25
25

54
54

124
124

-

-

62
57
5

76
58
18
1

47
16
31
12

10
1
9
9

229
2 29
203

212
4
208
208

152
1 52
130

142
30
112
96

22
22
18

7
7

48
41
7

8
8

2
2

37
26
*11

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

36
30
6

65
42
23

111
94
17

8.13
7 .6 3

23
23

47
47

44
44

9
8

26
14

15
8

7.357 .3 5 -

9 .2 5
9 .2 5

50
50

-

32
32

-

35
20

57
56

_

68
68

5.59
5.59

4.764 .7 6 -

5 .8 1
5 .5 9

7.79
7.78

7. 12
7.12

6.796.65-

2
-

4
4

119
119

969
861

7.4 1
7.29

7. 0 7
6.75

_

22

54
54

-

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

413
267
146

8.08
7.95
8.33

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

201
160

6.93
7.16

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :

-

-

-

20
9

-

13
13

9.33
9 .3 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.516.51-

8 .4 9
7 .8 3

-

_

_

-

8.55
7.63
8.68

6.676.617.6 2 -

8.71
9 .2 5
3 .7 1

-

2

-

-

2

-

6.43
6.43

6.226.30-

8 .0 5
8 .0 5

16

-

8

_

-

-

-

19
18

80
79

-

35

-

19
19

-

14
14

1
1

16
16

1
1

73
73

-

-

15
15

32
32

19
19

_

-

260
26 0

127
127

63
63

106
102

55
42

-

-

12
12

-

-

_

-

16
16

_

_

-

_

-

-

6
6

2

2

-

11

2

2

-

11

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

13
13

Ill

-

-

2

-

5 at $ 10.20 to $ 10.60; and 6 at $ 11 to $ 11.40.
40 at $ 10.20 to $ 10.60; 19 at $ 11 to $ 11.40; 2 at $ 11.40 to $ 1 1.80; and 3 at $ 12.60 to $ 13.

10

-

-

”
3

-

3
8
8

_

_

-

-

5
5

9
5

-

4

-

11
11

6
6

-

3

-

28
24

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

C C 1
O O

49
42
7

-

-

-

4
4
“

-

-

~

-

34
34
-

159
159

-

-

38
27
11
“

57
41
16

-

-

14
3

8
2
6

-

1

~

8
8

53
53

36
35
1

5
5

-

4
4

-

2
2

~

-

-

~

3
3

-

_

_
_

9

-

_

1
1

-

-

-

10
10

~

*
**

_

2

61
50
11

54
52
2

5
5
-

27
17
10

18
18
-

15
6
9

99
32
67

16
10
6

18
18

3
3

67
63

5
4

6
6

19
19

34
34

_
-

_
-

-

-

119
119
19
19
6
-

_

_

4 **6 4
42
22
13
13

6
-

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Newark, N .J., January 1,978
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv i s io n

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
.60

M ean *

M e d ia n 2

M id dle range 2

s
3 .00

1 -------- S
T
T --------■*—
T
*
3 .20 3 .40 3 .60 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

3.00

3 .20

3.40

3 .6 0

3 .80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

-

18
18

28
28

15

-

95
5
90

28
28

15
15

43

-

_

1 --------1 -------- S
4 .60 5 .00 5 .4 0

6.20

$
6 .60

$
7.00

$
7 .40

$
7 .80

t
8.20

t

5 .80

6 .20

6 .60

7 .00

7 .40

7 .80

8 .20

8 .60

9.00

115
-

2244
13
22 31
2114

~ i -------- S

1 --------- 1 ------9 .00 9 .40

4.40

5 .80

4 .60

5.00

5.40

94
41
53

119
119

224
81
143

95
51
44
1

113
41
72
1

170
101
69
3

580
432
148
61

59
19
40
30

169
165
4
-

222
16
206
175

-

7
2

13
13

26
16

9
8

53
53

-

119

_

_

_

_

_

43

46
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
5

41
4 1

13

107
76

47
35

19
18

ii
4

22
18

2
2

16
16

_

5

-

-

315
12

_

-

_

9 .40

over

411
-

6

96
96

411
85

6

WORKERS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

A . 873
1 .06 1
3.812
2 .591

$
7 .54
6 .85
7 .73
8.34

$
8 .42
6 .46
8 .42
8 .52

$
6 .46 5 .97 7 .50 8 .42 -

$
8.52
7 .14
8 .52
8 .52

T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T T R U C K ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

3 77
242

5 .50
4.71

5.64

7 .14
5 .82

-

-

-

-

4.25

4 .10 3.89 -

-

-

-

-

18
18

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M T R U C K -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

711
323

7 .71
7 .63

8 .54
5 .45

4 . 9 8 - 8.54
4 .8 4 -1 2 .8 7

-

-

_

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y T R U C K ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

1.849
1 .417

7.19
7 .42

7 .50
8 .42

6 .46 6 .63 -

8.42
8 .42

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

1.638
143
1.495
1.170

8 .23
6.43
8.40
8 .51

8 .52
6 .15
8 .52
8 .52

8
5
8
8

.52 .97 .52 .52 -

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

332
272

5 .20
5.32

5 .00
5 .22

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

400
1 54
246

5 .17
5.60
4 .89

S H I P P E R S A N D R E C E I V E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

352

-

-

15

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

35
35

7
7

106
106

110
110

19
19

21
8

26
2

447
67

25
10

3
3

8 .52
6 .97
8 .52
8.52

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

28
28

121
72
49

33
33
-

2
2
-

31
30
1

7
5
2

4 .454 .45 -

5 .45
5.45

-

5 .22
5 .22
4 .98

4 .00 5 .003 .53 -

5 .93
5.57
6.41

-

5.37
5.37
6 .00

5 .14 -

6.29

-

263
89

5 .61
5 .57
5.70

5 .144 .2 7 -

6.20
6.29

-

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

1 .94 0

6 .91

8 .28

5 .74 -

8 .28

-

-

69

854

5.99

5 .86

4 .60 -

8 .19

-

-

69

O R D E R F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

957
16 4

4.61

4 .13

5.23

62

76

5 .34
4 .08

4 .44 -

793

5.05
4 .52

3.35 -

5.47
4.55

-

62

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

798
611
1 87

4 .51
4.76
3 .67

4.31
4 .60
3.75

3.75 4 .31 3.40 -

4.99
5.45
3.75

5
-

2
-

5

2

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

2 .67 1

5 .63

5 .11

4.00 -

7.78

1.345
1 .32 6

4 .51
6.77

4 .78
8 .22

3.48 5.63 -

5 .08
8.34

55
-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

1 .055
965
90

5 .87
5.85
6 .08

5 .86
5.86
5 .78

5 .35 -

6 .13

5 .35 4 .70 -

6.13
8.22

80

5 .03

5 .25

5.14 -

5.62

115
115

204
204

N O NM ANUFACTUR ING

------------------------------------

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATORS
( OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T )

----------------------------

* W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :
5 at
$ 1 4 .2 0 to $ 1 4 .6 0 ; and 1 at $1 6 .2 0 to $16.60.
S e e fo o t n o t e s

at

$1 0.2 0

to

0
1

_
-

W

T R U C K O R I V E R S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

2 at

8 .60

and
in d e r
..80

ALL

*
2 .80

$10.60; 4 at

-

10

12

-

55

-

-

-

-

-

$ 1 0 .6 0

-

-

10

-

4

8

3

17

29

119

18

-

-

4

8

2
1

15
2

28
1

111
8

18

10

23

15

9

76

6

73

69

43

65

23

-

-

23

-

39
20

60

52

13

53

75

22

53

90

116

122

53

41

18
98

12
29

39
39

122

9
44

60
59
1

-

2

130
129
1

8
8

128
128

-

-

417

134

413
4

17
117
235

“

-

53

-

36

H
8
3

11
10
1

219
203
16

-

33

153
67
86

41

151

194

90

40

64

138
13

164
30

23
67

23
17

135
1 05
30

7 1

26
15

75
46
29

6 1
10

61
3

158
155
3

2

-

7

-

22

2

7

16
6

29
23
6

3
2
1

45
39
6

157
154
3

-

-

-

-

4

37

12

to

$11;

1 at

$11 to

11

$ 1 1 .4 0 ;

-

-

-

4

-

3

4

_
-

_
-

-

4

10
6
4

67
67

1
1

2
1

-

28

_
-

_
-

16
15

-

-

-

237
237

5

-

-

88
68
20

15

”

1

35
15
20

37

-

-

13

57
4
53

-

13
13

13

19
6

22

-

15
15

61
25
36

36
-

-

6
6

65
64
1

33
-

-

1
-

48
27
21

75

76

2
2

12
12

-

~

13
-

25
25

5
26

1 at

-

$ 1 2 .2 0

2

to .$ 1 2 .6 0 ;

-

6
6

16
16

12
8

-

6
-

213
85

-

64
62

-

213
-

_

50
31

31

10 87
1
1086
969

10
9
i

-

_

8

-

-

_
-

102

"

-

-

-

8

7
7

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
21
1

102
52
50

180
4
176

44
2
42

30
30

4
4

664

-

-

664

218
17

331
330
1

23
11
12

29
25
4

43
43

91
91

24

3

to

$13;

59

_

_
-

28

_
-

_
-

-

at $13 to

_

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

_
-

25

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

-

_

102

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

_

-

981
71

-

_

4

149
149

_

-

-

3

43
41
2

9 at $ 1 2 .6 0

_

-

-

59
36

5

4
4

_

50
50

15
-

_

842
842

-

16
16

37
-

110
~
110
110

_
*96
96

-

_

16
16

15
-

end o f t a b l e s .




-

18
72

“

-

-

15

10
-

-

-

6

-

25

-

-

-

_

_

_

$ 1 3 .4 0 ;

14

-

_

at

$ 1 3 .4 0

to

$ 1 3 .8 0 ;

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Newark, N .J., January 1978— Continued
H ourly earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
s

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

workers

Mean2

Median*

Middle range 2

s

%

%

5.40

s
6 .20

6 • 60

s
7.00

s
7.40

S

5 .00

*
5.80

s

4 .40

S
4 .60

$

3 .60

s
4.20

$

3.40

S
4 .00

*

3 .20

*
3.80

$

2 .80

s
3 .00

%

2.60

of

7 .80

8.20

8.60

--------"5------9.00 9.40

3 .00

3.20

3 .40

3.60

3 .80

4.00

4 .20

4.40

4.60

5 .00

5 .40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7 .00

7 .40

7 .80

8 .20

8.60

9 .00

9.40

351
-

283

97
97

92
9
83

16
16

24
24

37

-

-

25
23
2

-

4

-

“

6

_

24
24

24
22
2

_

_

-

_

-

$

and
u n d er
2 .80

over

A LL UORKERS—
CONTINUE D

$

$

$

$

3 .51
5.77
3.22

3 .00

2 .75 -

3 .75

1202

267

659

5.73
3 .00

5 .21 2 .7 5-

6 .15
3 .45

1202

5
262

15
644

18 6
64
122

4 .96

4 .00

7 .09

-

6

6

3 .90

3.87

3 .87 6 .2 7 3 .47 -

8 .15
4.00

-

6

6

9

21

2

34

29

2

-

2

6

3

-

-

B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

3.539
359
3 .18 0

3.43
5 .56
3.19

3 . 00

2 .75 -

3 .50

1202

261

653

342

262

132

97

22

16

92

93

81

5 .21 2 .75 -

6.13
3 .25

-

15
638

342

26 2

132

95

6
16

9
7

31
61

88

1202

5
256

5

43
38

97
97

86

5 .53
3 .00

53
10
43

-

83

-

-

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

7.043
1.769
5.274

3 .84
5.16
3.40
5 .91

3.30
5 .23
2 .98
5 .76

2 .75 4 .53 2 .70 5 .7 6 -

4 .75
5.54
3 .80
6 .03

2354
20
23 34

304

699
23
676

220
51
169

126

344
23

340
1 21

135
106

219

-

7

-

156
116
40
40

16

-

118
83
35
34

-

-

579
373
206
204

121
83
38

-

29
3

425
290
1 35
17

16

321
9

38 2
346
36
4

26

121

213
15
198

432

304

-

-

-

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

3 . 7 29

A -------------------------------------

G UA R D S .

CLASS

N O NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
GUARDS.

--------------------------------

CLASS

S ee fo o tn o te s

at end o f t a b le s




423
3.306

370

-

134

131

82

24

24

94

99

88

-

-

6

351

283

2
129

10

134

72

18

17
7

31
63

88
11

47
41

9

21

2

34

29

2

8
8

2

6

7

-

5

2

85
347

3

-

_

3

33

-

16
16

-

26
25

_
-

33
33
-

-

-

—

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

~
41

_
-

"

12
12

-

17
24
24

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

Ta b le A - 6 .

Ave ra ge hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , pow erplant, material m ovem ent

and custodial workers, by sex, in N ew ark, N .J ., Ja n u a ry 1978
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE*
PO WE RPLAN T

TOOLR OOM*

OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly

MAINTENANCE.

MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

325
221
104

$
7 .3 1
7.10
7 .7 6

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

972
841
131
70

7 .6 7
7 .5 1
8 .6 9
8 .2 9

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

237
171
66

7 .1 6
7 .4 1
6.53

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

509
A 72

7 .6 3
7 .5 5

M AINT E NA NC E ME CHAN IC S (M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

earnings

AND
-

Sex,

T O O L R OO M.

POWERPLANT O C C U P A T IO N S
KEN— CONTINUED

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
w
orkers
earnings4

AND

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
mean*)
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

-

412
267
145

$
8.09
7.95
8.35

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

199
158

6.93
7.16

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

4.860
1 «060
3 .8 0 0
2. 58 4

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

658
484
174

$
4.44
4.73
3 .6 4

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

2.6 3 6
1.3 4 3
1.2 9 3

5 .6 6
4 .5 1
6.85

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

Sex,

1.0 54
964
90

5 .8 7
5.85
6.08

7.54
6.85
7.73
8 .3 4

POWER -TRUCK OPERATORS
( O T H E R T HAN F O R K L I F T )

------------------------

80

5.03

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

3 .5 2 3
386
3.1 37

7 .2 1
7.09
8 .1 6

3.49
5.69
3 .2 1

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T TR UCK --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

367
2 32

5 .4 9
4.65

T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEOIUM T RUCK -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

300
162
138

711
323

7 .7 1
7.63

G U A R D S . C L A S S A ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

161
121

4 .6 4
3 .9 1

7 .1 9
7.42

G U A R D S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3 5 8
346
3 .0 1 2

3.43
5.56
3 .1 8

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

4 .7 1 8
1.4 69
3.2 49
304

4.07
5 .1 6
3 .5 7
5.96

M AINT E NA NC E MECH AN ICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

974
171
803
684

8 .0 6
7 .1 8
8 .2 4
8 .3 4

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

606
517
89

7 .7 5
7 .5 8
8.72

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1.6 36
143
1.4 93
1. 17 0

8.23
6.43
8.40
8 .5 1

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L WORKERS -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

178
157

7 .4 3
7 .3 1

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

302
266

5 .3 1
5 .3 4

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

242
226

8.05
8 .0 4

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

382
151
231

5.25
5 .6 1
5 .0 1

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

233
170

5 .4 3
5.31

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- --------------------

274
247

3 .6 5
3.60

M A C H IN E -T O O L OP ERA TO RS (T OOLR OOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

265
263

7 .7 9
7 .7 8

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

332
263
69

5 .7 1
5 .5 7
6.20

GUAROS ----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

206
169

3.89
3 .2 9

T O O L AND D I E M AK E RS -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

969
861

7 .4 1
7 .2 9

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

1.908
826

6.95
6.02

G U A R D S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

181
168

3.46
3.29

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

683
137
546

4.99
5.23
4.93

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

2 .2 8 0
300
1.9 80

3 .3 9
5.18
3 .1 2

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HE A VY T R UCK --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




1.8 49
1.417

13

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

AND C U S T O D I A L
- WOMEN




Tab le A-7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for e m p lo y m e n t shifts,

for selected occupational groups in N ew ark, N .J ., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

J a n u a ry 1975
to
J a n u a ry 1976

J a n u a ry 1976
to
Ja n u a ry 1977

J a n u a ry 1977
to
J a n u a ry 1978

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l - __________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g ___________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ___________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _______________________________

7.5
7.0
7.9
8.7
6.8

6.0
5.1
7.7
8.0
6.2

7.3
8.4
8.8
8.3
8.3

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______ _______________ _______________ __
—
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ____________________________ ______ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

6.4
4.0
7.1
7.7
9.2

6.5
5.3
7.7
8.0
6.6

8.4
7.6
9.6
8.3
10.8

8.6
8.2

5.6
5.0

( 6)
5.5

( 6)
5.9

6.5
8.9
( 6)
7.0

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________ ________
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g . __________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

See fo o tn o te s

a t end o f ta b le s .

A r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n f o r c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s is b e in g in tro d u c e d in this a r e a in
1978.
T h e r e v i s e d d e s c r ip t io n is n o t c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to the p r e v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .
T h e r e f o r e , the e a r n in g s o f c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u sed in co m p u tin g p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
f o r the e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g g ro u p .

14

Table A-8.

W eekly earnings of office workers— large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

ALL

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

%

s

110
U nder
and
S
u n d er
110
120

120

%

130

<*.755
2. 9 14
1 .841
491

38.5
39.0
37.5
3 6 .5

23 3 . 5 0
22 9.0 0
24 0. 5 0
29 3 . 5 0

227.50
223.00
238.00
289.50

$
$
194.0 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
194.5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
192.5 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
270.0 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

193
62
131

3 7 .5
39.5
37.0

31 0.5 0
30 0.5 0
31 5. 0 0

320.50
306.00
320.50

288.00-320.50
259.00-325.00
299.50-320.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

812
454
358
123

38.0
39.0
37.0
37.5

25 9 . 0 0
26 2. 5 0
25 4 . 0 0
28 3. 5 0

256.00
264.50
243.00
270.0 0

220.0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0
223.00-297.00
215.0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0
264.5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

$
160

$

s

170

180

$
190

$
200

$

$

s

210

220

240

%

s

%

260

280

300

s

%

320

340

S

380

420
and

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

380

420

17 6
101
75
1

373
255
118
1

325
231
94
2

350
245
105
8

332
233
99
7

384
266
118
5

675
484
191
29

499
3 34
165
28

645
377
268
113

356
188
168
73

178
95
83
59

168
51
117
98

97
22
75
45

28
6
22
16

5
~
5
4

1
1

1
1

~
“

9
2
7

16
12
4

13
6
7

21
5
16

22
16
6

79
7
72

17
6
11

12
6
6

2

9
3
6

56
31
25
4

30
15
15
-

84
51
33
3

121
55
66
13

95
54
41
u

148
73
75
61

75
65
10
~

70
58
12
i

57
37
20
12

28
12
16
9

13
13
7

1
1
-

1
~
1

6
6

32
3
29

42
1
41

82
22
60
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

-

4
4

2
~
2

12

28
3
25

44
ii
33
1

46
19
27

52
31
21
2

74
59
15
2

101
79
22
“

255
213
42
4

214
182
32
4

245
169
76
9

146
110
36
21

36
18
18
10

24
7
17
9

50
4
46
24

3

100
64
36

133
99
34
1

148
115
33
3

120
93
27

185
165
20
7

105
86
19
10

62
23
39
32

91
8
83
24

6
3
3
2

_

-

-

1.341
905
4 36
89

38 .5
39.0
37.5
37 .0

24 5 . 0 0
24 5. 0 0
2 4 5. 00
30 1.0 0

243.00
243.0 0
244.0 0
302.00

215.50-269.50
221.0 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
190.0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
280.50-345.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1.18 6
772
414
82

38 .0
38 .5
37 .5
36 .5

21 3. 5 0
21 1. 5 0
2 1 7. 00
26 2. 0 0

208.00
20 9.5 0
204. 00
262.00

187.0 0 -2 3 6 .5 0
190.50-231.00
174.5 0 -2 6 2 .0 0
252.00-282.00

1
1
-

-

3
~
3

10
10

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1.116
721
395

39.0
39 .5
37.5

20 4.0 0
2 0 0. 00
21 1 . 5 0

192.00
187.00
214.00

175.0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
175.0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
177.5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0

_
-

1
1

1
1

14
3
11

19

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

855
293
562
253

38.0
39 .5
37.0
36.5

2 0 3. 00
20 1.5 0
20 4 . 0 0
2 3 0. 00

207.50
207.50
209.50
232.50

173.00-232.50
175.00-220.00
172.50-233.50
217.50-249.00

-

_
-

16

-

-

16
-

37
6
31

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

436
77
359
177

37.5
3 9 .5
37.0
3 6 .5

19 5.0 0
17 7.0 0
19 8.5 0
23 0 . 5 0

192.00 1 6 1 . 5 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0
169.00 1 6 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0
20 3.50 1 6 2 . 5 0 - 2 3 2 . 5 0
232.50 2 2 8 . 5 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0

-

-

-

14

-

~

14

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

419
216
203

38.5
39.5
37.5

21 2 . 0 0
21 0 . 0 0
21 3 . 5 0

213.50
213.50
210.50

193.00-233.00
195.50-228.00
192.00-249.00

-

-

2

-

129

-

19 9.0 0

205.00

154.00-233.00

37 .5
39 .5
37.0

154.00
160.00
153.00

135.00-182.00
142.00-177.00
132.50-182.00

12

A ---------------------------------------------

501
76

37.5
40.0

177.0 0
17 5.5 0

172.00
167.00

153.00-193.00
148.00-190.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

7 28
209
519
74

37.5
39.0
36.5
37.5

150.5 0
158.50
147. 00
2 0 1. 50

143.00
157.50
139.00
203.00

127.00-162.50
138.00-174.00
125.00-157.50
188.50-211.00

--------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g

63

61
36
25
-

“

105
69
36
2

“

“

85
62
23

213
180
33

163
140
23

106
83
23

78
43
35

77
43
34

101
49
52

64
64

166
106
60

1
1

-

-

-

~
“

-

19

27
12
15

37
6
31
2

54
22
32
1

53
27
26
2

45
25
20
4

65
24
41
8

59
17
42
15

93
43
50
22

91
48
43
21

140
40
100
81

141
32
109
83

16
2
14
10

7
~
7
4

1
1
~

-

~

-

-

“

“

“

”

33
6
27
“

28
3
25
2

30
9
21
1

44
21
23
2

24
8
16
2

38
15
23
6

24
2
22
9

19
1
18
10

23
2
21
10

92
7
85
71

59
1
58
58

3
1
2
2

4
4
4

1
1

-

~

~

-

4
4

9
3
6

24
13
11

9
6
3

21
17
4

27
9
18

35
15
20

74
42
32

68
46
22

48
33
15

82
31
51

13
1
12

3
3

16

13

30

-

-

~

4

19

6

2

4

4

11

15

149
31
118

138
35
103

160
34
126

147
42
105

137
48
89

101
25
76

76
23
53

74
8
66

58
21
37

30
6
24

54
8
46

12
2
10

6

1
1

_
-

_

58
10

57
9

75
14

70
7

53
6

49
4

21
3

13
1

40
7

10
2

3
-

7
1

12

-

60

102
24
78
1

90
33
57
2

62
34
28
5

31
18
13
8

23
17
6
5

25
4
21
14

37
18
19
16

17
5
12
11

14
1
13
7

3

2

60

109
24
85

2

12

139
31
108

3
3

2
2

2

-

2
-

29
11

15

-

2

10
“

-

-

-

~
~

6

3

2

-

-

1
1
-

-

“

-

_

-

63

3
3

~

9
1
8

-

12

at end o f t a b le s .




39
10
29
1

12
~

1

-

16 1.5 0
163.0 0
161.0 0

-

17
1
16

“

2

3
3
2

6
*
6

5
5

~

2

12

~

-

37.0

TYPISTS

-

-

1.229
285
944

TYPISTS

12

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

~

-

S e e fo o tn o te s

150

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
M AN UFA CT URING

<

s

140

~

-

-

~

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

-

-

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office w orkers—large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Number
of
workers

Mean2

Median 2

s
s
110
120
Unde
r and
S
under
110
120
130

Middle range 2

$

*

s

%

$

S

%

$

s

$

s

$

%

%

$

%

S

$

130

140

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

380

420

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

390

380

920

over

60
i
59

87
10
77

95
2
93
2

37
11
26
6

99
4
90
6

26
2
29
10

9
2
7
6

11
9
7
6

4
4
4

6
6
6

7
4
3
3

13
2
11
11

15
13
2
2
19
1

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

and

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

550
66
484
63

37.0
39.0
36.5
36.0

$
19 9 . 0 0
18 0 . 0 0
13 9.0 0
19 8 . 0 0

$
135.00
156. 50
131.50
193.00

$
$
117.00-158.50
135.00-232.50
117.0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
171.00-219.50

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

92
72

37.5
37.0

200.50
1 8 9. 00

175. 50
169.00

163.0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
162.0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

7
7

27
27

10
10

1
1

9
3

2
2

4
4

6
2

12
10

------------

136

37.0

191.50

137.00

132.00-199.50

-

-

30

59

23

9

5

5

2

-

1

-

1

1

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

322
288

37.0
36.5

1 2 9. 00
12 7 . 5 0

117.00
117.00

115.00-139.50
119.50-135.50

56
56

130
119

30
30

25
16

20
19

21
19

12
10

ii
10

6
6

7
4

1
1

2
2

_

_

M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

296
96
200
91

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5

15 6 . 0 0
15 7 . 0 0
15 5 . 0 0
18 9 . 0 0

198.00
150.00
193.00
181.00

130.00-173.00
136.50-170.50
130.00-179.50
138.00-229.00

1
~
1

22
1
21

26
11
15

85
26
59
19

18
6
12

23
19
9
1

32
12
20
1

33
7
26
4

12
3
9
4

2
2
“

19
11
3

11
5
6

“

~

16
16
16

SUITCHBOARD

38.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

19 8 . 0 0
19 6 . 5 0
19 8. 5 0
219.50

187.00
186.00
193.00
22 9.0 0

163.00-229.00
172.50-208.50
162.00-230.00
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

_
-

-

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

193
64
129
73

1
-

15
4
u
2

17
1
16
4

19
7
7
4

30
16
19
6

20
10
10
6

11
7
4
4

12
5
7
6

4
i
3
2

O R D E R C L E R K S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

182
159

39.0
38.5

18 5.0 0
19 3. 0 0

185.5 0
190.00

198.0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
161.5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0

2

11
1

27
26

10
9

15
19

13
13

17
17

15
15

14
19

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

139
111

38.5
38.5

17 1 . 0 0
17 9. 5 0

165.00
176.00

197.00-193.50
155.00-198.00

2

11
1

27
26

10
9

13
12

12
12

13
13

12
12

-

86
37
49
3

91
59
37
5

FILE

CLERKS.

CLASS

B

OPERATORS

--------------

56
*56

130
11
119
1

~

3

3

4
4

5

5

~

6
6

5
5

9
9

8
8

6
6

2
2

“

1
1

97
30
17

67
28
39
7

59
39
15
2

106
63
43
9

79
95
29
10

73
49
29
15

59
19
90
90

53
1
52
97

5
2
3
2

11
11

2
~

5
2
3

11

2
2

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

'

■

98
19
39

5

48
i
97

-

~

1
1
~

-

-

-

1 7 5. 00
1 8 9. 00
1 7 0. 00

159.0 0
177.0 0
197.00

138.00-197.00
158.00-213.00
135.50-185.00

-

-

29
3
21

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

38.0
39.0
37.0
35.5

20 8 . 0 0
219.00
1 9 8. 50
228.00

20 0.0 0
20 2.0 0
193.00
22 9.0 0

179.5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
179.50-227.00
171.50-229.00
213.00-229.00

_

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

197
89
58
28

-

-

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

969
350
619
207

37.5
38.5
37.0
36.5

189.0 0
20 2 . 5 0
1 8 1. 50
212.00

182.5 0
203.0 0
179. 00
205.0 0

159.50-219.00
176.50-231.50
150.00-207.50
172.00-259.00

2

6

90
16
79

122
10
112

131
32
99

77
17
60

79
52
27

39
28
11

95
27
18

30
22
8

22
9
13

17
11
6

55
34
21

37
25
12

22
7
15

6

12

10
9
i

3
2
1
”

17
19
3
“

10
7
3
“

18
8
10
3

17
12
5
4

9
8
i
1

27
11
16
19

5
3
2
2

9
7
2
2

5
3
2
2

97
29
68
23

108
39
69
23

98
93
55
15

61
20
91
19

96
53
93
23

60
28
32
11

96
55
41
19

46
35
11
9

27
3
29
29

30
5
25
25

-

-

~

31
31

$11 0.

at end o f t a b l e s .

16

12
~

~

55
13
92
1

75
12
63
8

66
10
56
12

6

■

~

51
92
9

17
2
15

-

“

~

37
20
17

38.0
39.0
37.5




7
7

51
29
22

844
299
550

and 55 at $ 1 0 0 t o

19
14

-

“

2
2

-

-

~

-

37
28
9

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1 at $ 90 t o $1 0 0 ;

18
18

-

95
19
26

-

as f o l l o w s :

13
7
6
4

17
8
9

175.00-258.50
195.5 0 -2 6 1 .5 0
165.00-299.50

d is t r ib u t e d

30
4
26
25

96
27
19

2 0 9. 0 0
222.0 0
191.00

w ere

~

20
20
10

97
9
38

217.50
22 6 . 5 0
21 1 . 0 0

W orkers

-

~

“

91
4
37

38.5
39.5
38.0

See f o o tn o te s

-

37
7
30

5 05
211
294

18
18

-

6

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

-

_

2

196.0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
167.00-236.00
190.0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
291.00-301.00

-

_

119
29
90
9

175.00
199.50
160.00
293.0 0

KEY

-

_

1
~
1
1

198
34
119
1

19 0 . 5 0
202.00
18 9.0 0
269.00

-

~

128
10
118
2

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5

-

■
-

92
16
76
-

1. 399
505
844
152

-

-

_

-

120
56
69

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

-

29
3
21

-

1
1

-

5

11

2

-

~

“
-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

4
4
-

~

~

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-8.

W eekly earnings of office workers— large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978^»-Continued
^^^Weeklyearning^^™
(standard)
Number
of
w
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f--$

s

*

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

110
U n der
,
£
and
no
^der

120

120

Occupation and industry division

130

*
130

(

S

140

150

160

$
170

*
180

$

%

190

200

220

240

260

280

s

$

*

s

$

s

$
210

300

320

s

340

$
380

420
and

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

62
15
47
10

46
15
31
10

33
12
21

44
22
22

18
16
2

4

6

77
49
28
12

22
3
19
19

30
5
25
25

36
28
8

15
5
10

63
41
22

16
6
10

19
6
13

28
19
9

320

340

380

5
5

_

420

over

WORKERS—
CONTINUED

ALL

KEY ENTRY

OPERATORS

-

CONTINUED

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

5 06
183
323
122

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.0

2 0 3. 00
21 4. 0 0
197.00
21 9 . 5 0

193.00
215.50
186.00
217.00

^73.0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 84.00-236.00
169.00-216.50
172.00-271.50

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

463
167
296

37.5
38.5
37.0

173. 50
190. 00
164. 50

168.00
188.00
154.50

145.00-203.00
165.00-206.50
138.00-186.00

S e e fo o tn o te s

_

_

1

9

-

-

-

-

1
-

20
3
17
6

25
5
20
10

47
9

9
-

38
10

67
24
43
10

30

46
13
33

55
9
46

41
5
36

50
20
30

41
15
26

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

18

30

at en d o f ta b le s .




17

-

5

_
5

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

Table A -9 .

W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers—large establishments

in Newark, N .J., January 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
S

S

140
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nde r
%

160

%

170

s

180

*

s

19 0

2 00

1 ---- 5---

*

s
240

26 0

280

300

320

%

S

340

and
u n d er
150

S

*

s

S

360

380

400

440

480

-

-

-

520
and

160

170

180

190

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

440

480

5
4
1

200

-

10
7
3

10
5
5
2

27
12
15
1

53
20
33
3

103
33
70
6

107
28
79
15

95
29
66
7

87
40
47
7

169
72
97
20

104
39
65
20

70
27
43
19

15
3
12
9

9
2
7
2

17
3
14

30
13
17
~

109
48
61
9

82
25
57
15

59
26
33
10

13
3
10
*7

87
23
64
6

71
23
48
3

47
21
26
3

52
22
30
5

15
11
4
1

10

2

10
9

2
2

520 o v e r

WORKERS

855
319
536
109

37.5
39.0
36.5
35.0

$
38 9 . 0 0
3 8 9. 00
3 8 9. 50
425.50

$
$
$
38 4.0 0 3 4 1 . 0 0 - 4 3 2 . 0 0
3 9 0. 0 0 3 3 7 . 0 0 - 4 3 1 . 5 0
37 8.5 0 3 4 1 . 5 0 - 4 3 2 . 0 0
42 2.5 0 3 6 0 . 0 0 - 4 8 1 . 0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

322
123
199
43

37.5
39.0
36.5
35.0

44 1 . 5 0
440.50
442.00
470.50

43 7. 0 0
43 2.0 0
4 4 0. 5 0
47 0.5 0

408.00-473.50
404.00-476.00
412.00-472.00
437.00-498.50

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

418
145
273
31

37.5
39.0
37.0
35.5

36 4. 5 0
3 6 7. 00
36 3. 0 0
42 6 . 0 0

35 5.0 0
365.0 0
3 5 3. 5 0
40 3.0 0

331.00-387.50
333.50-399.50
331.00-383.00
359.0 0 -5 1 6 .5 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----------------------------

101

37.0

32 5 . 0 0

31 1.0 0

289.00-354.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

687
162
525
115

37.0
38.5
36.5
35.0

307.00
3 6 5. 00
2 8 9. 00
33 2. 5 0

29 4.5 0
35 9.5 0
28 1. 5 0
32 5.0 0

251.50-355.00
317.0 0 -4 2 1 .5 0
236.50-320.00
281.5 0 -3 8 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

5
5

86
3
83

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

179
71
108

37.0
39.0
36.0

3 5 3. 00
408.00
31 7 . 0 0

34 7. 5 0
4 0 7. 5 0
308.0 0

285.00-420.00
346.5 0 -4 6 5 .5 0
253.00-384.50

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S * -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

COMPUTER
CLASS B

~
-

~

~

-

_

_

-

~

~

_

_

_

~

_

_

_

_

_
-

1

2

_

~

1

1
1

2

2 9 9. 0 0
33 8.0 0
292.0 0

274.50-336.00
307.00-377.50
272.50-317.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

200
174

36.5
36.5

26 3 . 5 0
256.00

2 3 4. 5 0
23 0. 5 0

214.50-289.00
214.5 0 -2 6 7 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

643
205
4 38
120

37.0
39.0
36.5
35.0

24 4 . 5 0
25 3 . 5 0
24 0. 5 0
27 8 . 5 0

24 7.5 0
24 9.5 0
24 1.5 0
25 0.0 0

206.00-274.00
214.00-275.50
202.00-269.00
250.0 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

13
13

8
-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

181
72
109
39

37.5
39.0
36.5
35.5

28 0 . 0 0
275.00
28 3 . 5 0
33 1. 5 0

263.0 0
26 3.0 0
26 8.5 0
3 3 2. 5 0

244.00-319.00
248.0 0 -3 0 6 .0 0
236.0 0 -3 3 2 .5 0
310.00-351.50

-

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

381
104
277

37.0
39.0
36.5

23 8 . 0 0
24 7 . 0 0
23 5 . 0 0

24 3.5 0
24 3.5 0
24 4.0 0

205.0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
205.00-272.00
202.00-250.00

2

~

8

9

15

20

14

10

5

4

7

4

1

-

61
7
54
15

64
5
59
6

92
12
80
18

75
13
62
15

39
20
19
3

47
18
29
19

33
10
23
6

50
24
26
17

39
14
25
13

36
30
6
2

6
2
4
“

1
1

~

5
“

21
5
16

10
7
3

9
3
6

18
9
9

15
4
11

34
30
4

6
2
4

1
1

14
4
10

22
10
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

13

4

14

2

~

~

~

“

13

4

14

2

_

_

_

_
-

~

4

6

5

4

6

5

25
4
21

52
5
47

63
5
58

51
8
43

28
12
16

19
10
9

19
7
12

5
5

1
1

67
64

39
36

22
19

10
10

8

3
3

1

17
17

5
5

18
7

2
2

38
6
32

104
46
58
1

65
16
49
6

135
34
101
70

74
47
27
4

42
13
29

43
20
23
7

25
25
13

14
3
11

8
3
5
5

3
3

8

8
2
6
4

2

10
2
8
*

27
7
20

37
20
17
1

30
20
10
4

9
3

23
16
7
6

20
20
10

9
1
8
8

6
6
4

7
2
5
5

1
1
-

75
34
41

31
6
25

93
10
83

38
23
15

19
3
16

5
5

5
2
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

~

2

_
-

5
5

12
12

26
6
20
~

20
6
14
-

-

-

-

-

~
-

5
~
5

_
-

8

-

3
~
3

7

5 at $ 520 to $ 560; 1 at $ 560 to $ 600; and 1 at $ 600 to $ 640.

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

18

7

85
23
62
2

4

~

30 8 . 0 0
3 3 9. 50
29 9 . 5 0

_

33
13
20
-

_

48
3
45
1

~

_

8
4

12

“

~

-

-

~

~

37.0
38.0
37.0




-

~

3 08
65
243

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :

*

~

PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
-------------------------------------------------------m a n u fa c t u r in g
-----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

*

*
220

3
3

140

ALL

S

t

150

_

2

16
3
13

16
3
13

28
5
23

3

2

6

1
33
10

23

_

_

"

_
_

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

Table A -9 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers— large establishm ents
in Newark, N .J., January 1978— Continued
""™WeeklyTarnIng^^™
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

S

Me a 2

Median 2

140
U n der
.
j
and

Middle range 2

140

s

$
150

160

170

s

180

s

$

S

190

200

220

$

%

$
240

260

280

$
300

s

5

%

320

340

360

s

$
380

400

s

5

440

480

520
and

Und6r
150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

3
3

2
2

5
5

10
7

4

8
7

19
9

7
4

5
1

6
2

-

1

-

7
4
3

2
1
1

4
-

6
5
1

8
5
3

8
4

27
13
14

45
36
9

63
34
29

51
34
17

61
34
27

46
23
23

81
19
62

57
19
38

48
26
22

22

4

18

15

-

_

-

-

_

-

3
3

4

12
11

16
16

19
17

16
14

13
13

33
24

2
2

15

4

38
14
24

28
19
9

22
11
11

27
6
21

65
5
60

44

-

14
7
7

6
38

15
2
13

20
2
18

21
7
14

28
26
2

20
15
5

10
3
7

23
7
16

9
8

29
24

28
25

23
18

21
13

12

13
7

2
2

2
2

360

380

400

520

over

-

-

25
25

20
20

“

25
“

20

-

“

”

-

-

-

-

440

-

480

A LL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
81
52

37.0
36.0

$
195 .50
180 .5 0

$
198.00
178.00

$
$
165.0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
144.5 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

596
261
335

38.5
39.5
37.5

308 .5 0
279 .0 0
331 .50

307.00
277.00
332.50

253.00-350.00
236.00-323.50
279.50-370.00

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

178
104

38.0
40.0

371 .00
322 . 00

360.00
323.00

312.00-441.00
287.50-359.50

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

282
81
201

38.5
40.0
38.0

308 .00
274 . 00
321 .50

321.50
269.00
332.50

265.50-344.00
245.50-300.00
298.00-347.50

_

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

122
70
52

38 .5
39 .0
38.0

234 . 50
228 . 50
242 . 50

236.00
236.00
246.50

204.50-265.00
200.00-244.00
208.00-282.50

142
103

38.5
39.0

266 . 00
262 .00

262.00
251.50

233.50-290.00
232.00-282.00

COMPUTER O PERATO RS. C LA SS C N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------DRAFTERS

---------------------------------------------------

REGISTERED
I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S -■
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------*

*

W orkers

w ere

d is t r i b u t e d as f o l l o w s :

1 at $11 0

to $12 0;

and

10 at $130

11
11

4

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

_

-

2

4

-

-

4

-

2
2

2

-

-

to $140.

See f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b l e s .




i

19

2

3
3

7
5
2

5
1

-

i

4

6
6

4

*

15

4

_

-

~

“

_

_

_

_

T a b le A-10.

A v e ra g e w e e kly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x -

large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978
Average
(mean2)
S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

OFFICE

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

166
65
101
33

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5

$
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

207
65
142
59

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5

2 1 9 .0 0
218.50
2 1 9 .5 0
2 7 1 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ■
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

101
60

39.0
38.5

2 3 9 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ■
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

106
82

38.5
38.0

1 9 9 .5 0
196 .0 0

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

Sex,

3occupation,

and industry division

o
f
w
orkers

MEN

MESSENGERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

Weekly
hours*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS -

CONTINUED
215
203

3 8 .5
39 .5
3 7 .5

$
2 1 2 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0

111

37.0

199 .50

1.202

283
919

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
37.0

160 .50
163 .00
1 6 0. 00

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

481
76

3 7 .5
40.0

177 .00
1 7 5. 50

721
207
514
70

37.0
39.0
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

149 .5 0
1 5 8. 00
1 4 6. 50
1 9 8. 00

FI LE CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

5 04
62
442
40

37.0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

141 .0 0
1 7 8. 00
136 .0 0
1 9 2. 00

CLASS A

76

3 7 .5

1 9 3. 50

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

300
266
25

37.0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5

1 2 8. 00
126 .5 0
1 8 1. 00

STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

A 18

TYPISTS ------------

TYPISTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

4. 7 4 3
2. 9 1 2
1.831
481

38.5
39.0
37.5
36.5

2 3 3 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0
2 9 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

193
62
131

37.5
39.5
37.0

310.50
3 0 0 .5 0
3 1 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

809
454
355
120

38.0
39.0
37.0
37.5

2 5 8 .5 0
262.50
2 5 3 .5 0
283.00

MESSENGERS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING

130
99

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 5 5. 00
157 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

1. 336
903
433
86

38.5
39.0
37.5
37.0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0
3 0 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

189
64
125
69

38.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 9 8. 00
196 .5 0
199 .0 0
2 1 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS D —
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

1 t 183
772
411

38.0
38.5
37.5

2 1 3 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING

149
127

38.5
3 8 .5

1 7 6. 50
1 8 4. 00

122
100

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 6 9. 50
178 .00

1.142
440
702
93

3 8 .5
39.0
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 5. 50
199 .50
177 .00
2 6 0 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

4 04
170
234

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

738
270
468
67

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 1. 50
1 8 1. 50
165 .50
2 5 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS E MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

1.116
721
395

39.0
39.5
37.5

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

849
292
557
249

38.0
39.5
37.0
36.5

2 0 3 .0 0
201.50
2 0 4 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

431
77
354
173

37.5
39.5
37.0
36.5

1 9 4. 50
1 7 7 .0 0
1 9 8. 50
2 3 0 .0 0

See

fo ot n ot es




FILE

CLERKS.

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

at end of t a b l e s .

20

Sex,

3occupation,

and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

WOMEN

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Num
ber

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S

127
74
53
27

38.5
39.5
37.0
35.5

2 0 5 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

948
348
600
193

37.5
38.5
37.0
36.5

1 89 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 81 .5 0
213.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

CLASS

A -------

487
181
306
108

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5

2 0 3 .5 0
2 1 4 .0 0
1 97 .5 0
223.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

CLASS

B -------

461
167
294

37.5
38.5
37.0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 90 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

656
263
393

37.5
39.0
37.0

3 9 3 .5 0
3 9 2 .0 0
3 9 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

265
105
160

37.5
39.0
37.0

4 4 0 .5 0
4 3 8 .0 0
442.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS 8 ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

308
115
193

37.5
39.0
37.0

3 6 7 .5 0
3 7 0 .0 0
3 6 6 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ----------

69

37.0

3 2 8 .0 0

448
1 16
332
67

37.0
38.5
36.5
35.0

3 1 1 .0 0
3 7 0 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0
3 1 6 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) i
CLASS A — --------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

136
60
76

37.5
39.0
36.0

3 61 .5 0
4 0 9 .5 0
3 2 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

177
142

37.0
37.0

3 02 .5 0
2 9 5 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------

Tab le A-10.

A v e ra g e w e e kly earnings of office, professional, and te ch n ica l w orkers, by s e x -

large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978— Continued
Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3 occu pation,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

Num
ber
of
workers

Weekh
r
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3 occu pation ,

P R OFE SSION AL
OCCUPATIONS -

and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
hours1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occup ation,

and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOMEN— CONTINUED

ANO T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

$
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S )

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------------------

-

l.s.o o

98

3 8 .0
4 0 .0

5 01
1 80
3 21
55

3 7 .5

246.00

3 6 .5
3 5 .5

24 1.5 0
308.00

B --------------------------------

259

3 8 .5

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

188

3 8 .0

313.00
2 8 3.00
324.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

16 5
62
103
36

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 5 .5

27 9.5 0
2 7 5.0 0
2 8 2.0 0
3 32.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

278
94
1 84

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

2 3 8.5 0
2 4 9.5 0
2 3 2.5 0

58

3 7 .0

188.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

See

footnotes

at




CLASS C --------

end

140
117

3 6 .5
3 6 .0

2 39.00
237.50

B ----------

103

3 6 .0

238.00

54

3 9 .5

245.00

142
103

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

266.00
2 62.00

221
193

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .

26 0.5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

------

2 84.50
337.50

$
13 5

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )

372.50
322.50

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

291.50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

3 7 .0

DRAFTERS --------------------------------------------------------

542
231
311

CONTINUED

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

DRAFTERS. CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 02
58

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

2 3 7.50
2 2 8.50

120

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
65

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - UOMEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS):
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

o f tab les.

21

50

3 9 .0

366.00

CLASS

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom , and powerplant workers—large establishm ents
in Newark, N .J., January 1978
Hourly earnings 4
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
S
.8 0

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

%

%

%

$

%

%

s

s

s

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 . 60

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 . 8 0 1 0 .2 0

1 ------- -

and

6 .2 0

6 ,6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 . 00

9 .4 0

9 . 8 0 1 0 .2 0

over

WORKERS

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

260
160
100

$
7.57
7.42
7.82

$
7.35
7.35
8.09

$
6.816.816.38-

$
8 .1 3
8.10
8.13

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

692
567
125
67

8.02
7.85
8.80
8.40

7. 7 8
7.35
8. 9 7
8. 9 7

6 .8 1 6.818.2 7 7.66-

8 .9 7
8.73
8 .9 7
8 .9 7

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

165
130

7.69
7.57

7.34
7.25

7.2 5 7.2 5 -

8.52
8 .2 7

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

414
377

7.89
7.82

8 . 10
8.10

6.986 .8 1 -

8 .4 8
8 .4 8

12

MAINTENA NC E MECH AN ICS (M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

760
649

7.74
7.61

7.35
7.35

7 .1 2 7 .1 2 -

8 .9 7
9 .3 3

48
48

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

657
99
558
552

8.28
7.72
8.38
8.39

8.27
7.35
8.27
8. 2 7

8.0 5 6.818.0 5 8.05-

8.63
9 .2 5
8 .6 3
8 .6 3

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

448
359
89

8.20
8.07
8.72

8.15
8 . 15
8.51

7.357 .1 2 8.13-

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L WORKERS -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

129
108

7.70
7.58

7.35
7.35

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

242
226

8.05
8.04

8. 27
8 .2 7

MAINTENA NC E M ECH AN ICS
( MOT OR V E H I C L E S ) ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

166
117

5.76
5.58

5.59
5.59

M AC HIN E -T OOL

56

8

6

8

3

8

-

3

-

44

2

6

“

3

4

110

8

~
6

38

6

11

30

27

51

79

102

58

52

77

58

30

27

51

78

99

35

51

48

20

1

3

23

1

29

38

3

20

1

5

38

~

32

_

57

16

4

18

14

24

-

-

-

32

-

41

16

4

18

-

19

“

“

“

29

63

66

10

103

34

8

79

4

3

3

29

63

58

7

99

26

6

77

63

51

_

287

7

46

47

25

54

124

-

63

51

286

3

20

“

54

124

“

55

28

7

126

18

_

16

1

167
-

203

48

-

12

_

50

4

9

“

“
8

_
-

30

6

167

199

50

96

18

-

6

167

199

50

96

18

8 .5 2
8 .5 2
9 .3 9

36

49

49

36

65

111

7

48

37

49

42

30

42

94

41

8
“

2

35
1

-

7

6

23

17

7

7

8

2

*11

7 .1 2 6 .8 1 -

8.15
8 .1 5

5

25

35

9

26

15

-

13

-

-

1

5

25

35

a

14

8

7.357.35-

9 .2 5
9 .2 5

50

_

32

_

35

57

-

68

-

-

-

50

-

32

20

56

-

68

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 .5 8 5 .5 2 -

-

1

27

101
4

12

-

6.15
5 .5 9

9.33

7.1 2 7.5 6 6.68-

303
182
121

8.50
8.22
8.91

8.68
8 . 10
8. 7 1

7 .4 6 6 .6 7 8.68-

7.34
7.05

6.226.22-

13

“
-

-

9

35

4

5

-

1

-

1

73

-

-

2

4

119

-

-

-

-

_

24

84

_

92

55

89

54

_

119

-

-

-

-

24

84

92

42

54

~

119

-

2
-

30

21

5

27

18

15

67

16

19

4

**64

-

30

19

5

17

18

6

10

19

4

42

-

18

9 .4 6
9 .7 6
8. 7 1

125
108

-

26

4

8 .7 5
9 .4 6

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

19

80
79

2

-

2

“

10

-

9

67

6

“

6

19

2

-

-

-

6

6

19

2

-

-

9 .3 3

8. 3 7
7. 8 0

12
12

22

3

47

5

18

5 at $ 10.20 to $ 10.60; and 6 at $ 11 to $ 11.40.
40 at $ 10.20 to $ 10.60; 19 at $ 11 to $ 11.40; 2 at $ 11.40 to $ 11.80; and 3 at $ 12.60 to $ 13.

5
5

18

7 .7 8
7.69

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




12

22

12

8.09
8.01

W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :

24

8

1

8.47

6.43
6.43

52

13

7

523
421

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

13

43

1

200

(T O O L R O O M )

46

35

34

1

-

OP ERA TO RS

35

22

-

-

T OOL AND 0 1 E M A K E RS -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

*
**

3
6 .2 0

and
u n d er
00

ALL

6 .0 0

3

43

4

~

“

22
13
13

6

Table A-12.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments

in Newark, N.J., January 1978
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho u r l y e a r n i n g s o f —

of
worker:

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s
3.20

s
3.40

s
3.60

%

S
4 .00

s
4.20

%

%

%

4.60

5 .40

5.80

s
6.20

%

4.40

s
5.00

%

3.80

6.60

$
7.00

$
7.40

$
7.80

s
8.20

8.60

$
9.00

s
9.40

3.03

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

5.00

5.40

5 .80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7 .40

7.80

8.60

.00

9.40

over

17
4

46
27

152
84

81
19

34
4

18
18

16
16

5

304
1

85
~

6

-

*96
96

13

26

9

53

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

103
55

8
8

2
2

_

5
5

_

1
1

85
-

6
-

and
unde r

WORKERS

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

862
269

$
8.05
8.69

$
8.54
6.68

$
$
6 .1 5 - 8.54
5.97-13.08

TRUCK -----------

105

5.90

6.23

5 .61-

6.23

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR- TRAI LER MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

210
71

7.28
6.20

6.44
5.97

5.975 .94-

8.78
5.97

-

SHI PPERS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

82
74

6.20
6.27

5.65
5.58

5.4 0 5 .40-

6.75
6.77

-

RECEI VERS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

157
56

6.17
6.71

6.41
6.13

5.565 .35-

6.41
8.49

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

2

-

-

63

5.42

4.95

4 .03-

7.36

-

-

-

-

-

10

4

8

2

2

442

7.19

7.29

5.8 6 -

8.19
-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERSe

SHI PPERS

C
O

2.80

ALL

s
3.00

2

2.60

o
C
\
J

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

s
2.80

2

%

LI GHT

AND RECEI VERS ----------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

2
2

_

_

-

-

16
16

2
2

1
-

6
6

4

8

3

i

i
_

-

28
28

-

6
4

6
6

28
26

12
8

5
5

7
7

_

12

15
15

22
8

18
6

57
4

1

6

11

-

1

-

-

3

“

-

7

16

112

15

67

-

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

15
15

_

_

~

-

4

-

-

1 49

71

-

-

102
102

_

_

-

8
8

-

-

_

_

_

warehousemen:

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------ORDER FI L L ERS -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

312
296

5.93
5.97

4.90
4.80

4.084.08-

8.22
8.22

-

S HI P P I NG PACKERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

143
123

5.21
5.45

5.44
5.45

4 . 6 54.7 1 -

5.75
5.93

5

2

-

-----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

989
475
514

5.72
5.37
6.05

5.36
5 .1 1
6.64

5.0 1 5.0 1 5.63-

6.64
5.36
6.78

55

15

55

FORKLI FT OPERATORS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

710
636
74

6.03
5.99
6.4 1

5.73
5.71
6.41

5.4 7 5.4 7 5.7 8 -

6.72
6.57
8.22

-

GUARDS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

575
261
314

5.48
6.27
4.81

5.63
6.03
4.73

4.385.603.47-

6.45
7.09
6.45

A --------------------------------

93

5.81

7.09

3.51-

8.11

GUAROS. CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------

478
211
267

5.39
6.00
4.91

5.51
5.93
4 .8 7

4.5 3 5.3 0 3.71-

6 .45
6.21
6.45

J ANI TORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBL I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

2.029
1 . 198
831
346

5.40
5.56
5.15
6.01

5.34
5.44
5.33
5.76

4 . 8 3- 5 . 7 7
4.9 7 - 6.08
4.0 2 - 5.77
5.7 6- 6 . 2 9

material

GUARDS.

handling

CLASS

laborers

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s :
$ 1 4 .2 0 to $ 1 4 .6 0 ; an d 1 a t $ 1 6 .2 0 to $ 16.60.
S ee fo o tn o te s

2
2

3
3

5
5

77
77

8
8

35
35

29
26

14
1

3

_

-

3

1

1

2

43
42

8
8

40
40

18
16

6
6

7
7

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

13

4

5

7

8

9

5

3

7

8

9

5

3

58
10
48

177
4
173

2
2
-

30
30
-

-

5

15
14
i

_
-

4

79
17
62

104
-

13

299
298
1

4
4

15

97
96
i

-

104

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

6
6

4
4

“

2
2

131
128
3

234
218
16

22
11
11

29
25
4

43
43
“

91
91
-

_
-

25
-

_
-

_
-

~

24
19
5

99
99

~

“

-

25

“

-

1
1

13
13

22
22

18
18

36
36

18
18

14
2
12

10
10

14
6
8

10
4
6

51
19
32

39
28
11

64
26
38

77
77
-

86
3
83

16
16
-

24
24
-

37
33
4

25
23
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

6

6

9

5

2

2

1

2

-

2

6

4

-

-

-

24

-

24

-

-

-

1

16
16

9
9

31
31

16
16

12
2
10

9
9

12
6
6

10
4
6

49
19
30

33
28
5

60
22
38

77
77

_
-

33
33

1
1

_
~

_
-

_
-

-

86
3
83

16
16

1

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

10
10

26
26

15
15

71

41
41

24
24

47
47

70
49
21
3

43
25
18
3

323
287
36
4

341
209
132
17

515
317
198
196

118
83
35
34

156
116
40
40

25
-

121
83
38

16
-

12
12
-

41
17
24
24

_
-

-

5 a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 ; 4 a t $ 1 0 .6 0

to $ 1 1 ;

71

1 a t $ 11 to $ 1 1 .4 0 ;

a t end o f t a b le s .




23

1 at $ 1 2 .2 0 to $ 1 2 .6 0 ; 9 a t $ 1 2 .6 0 to $ 1 3 ;

25
25

16

59 a t $ 1 3 to $ 1 3 .4 0 ;

_

_
-

_

14 a t $ 1 3 .4 0 to $ 1 3 .8 0 ; 2 a t




Table A-13.

A verage hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,

pow erplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by s e x large establishm ents in Newark, N .J., January 1978
Num
ber
of

Se x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

hourly
earnings

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Num
ber
of

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM* AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATI ONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

260
160
100

$
7.57
7.42
7 .82

MAINTENANCE EL ECTRI CI ANS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

692
567
125
67

8 .02
7.85
8.8 0
8.40

MAINTENANCE PAI NTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

163
123

7.69
7.56

receivers:

MAINTENANCE MACHI NI STS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

414
377

7.89
7.62

warehousemen:

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( MACHI NERY! MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

760
649

7.74
7.61

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHI CLES) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

649
99
550
544

8 .28
7.72
8 .38
8 .40

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E RS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

448
359
89

8 .20
8.07
8 .72

MAINTENANCE SHEET- METAL WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

129
108

7.70
7.58

MI LLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

242
2 26

8.05
8.04

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

166
117

5.76
5.58

GUAROS.

A ------------------------------------

68

5.37

GUAROS. CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

462
205
257

5 .38
6.01
4 .88

JANI TORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

1.535
960
575
280

5.5 4
5.59
5.45
6 .09

494
238
256

4 .96
5.47
4 .48

TRUCKCRIVtRS -

CONTINUED
LIGHT TRUCK --------------

95

$
5.69

TRUCKORIVERS. TRACTOR- TRAILER -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

210
71

7.28
6.20

SHI PPERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

76
68

6 .33
6.41

53

6.7 9

TRUCKORIVERS.

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

MACHINE- TOOL

-

200

8 .47

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM!

523
421

8 .09
8.01

STATI ONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

302
182
120

8.51
8.2 2
8 .95

BOILER TENDERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

123
106

7.34
7 .05

851
2 68

8 .08
8 .69

439

7 .20

ORDER FI LLERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

302
286

5.99
6.04

SHI PPI NG PACKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

111
102

5.19
5.36

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

979
473
506

5.74
5.37
6 .09

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

709
635
74

6.0 3
5 .99
6 .4 1

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

534
231
303

5.40
6 .20
4 .79

CLASS

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODI AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKORIVERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

at

end o f ta b le s .

JANI TORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

B. Establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions
N .J ., Ja n u a ry 1978
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r y 7

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

o f—

A ll
in d u st r ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs 9 o f—

A ll
sch e d u le s

ESTABLI SHMENTS

STUDIED

ESTABLI SHMENTS HAVING A S P E C I F I E D
MINIMUM --------------------------$97.50
$ 1 00 .0 0

$105.00
$ 1 10 .00
$115.00
$ 1 2 0 .0 0

$125.00
$130. 00
$135. 00
$140.00
$145. 00
$150. 00
$155. 00
$160.00
$165. 00
$170. 00
$175.00
$180.00
$185.00
$190. 00
$195.00
$ 200.00
$205.00
$ 210.00

ANO UNDER * 1 0 0 . 0 0
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
OVER -

$105.00
$ 110.00

$115.00
$ 120 .00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$140.00
$145.00
$150.00
$155.00
$ 160.00

$165.00
$170.00
$175.00
$180.00
$185.00
$190.00
$195.00
$ 200.00
$205.00
$

210.00

ESTABLI SHMENTS HAVING NO S PECI FI ED
MINIMUM -------------------------------------------------------ESTABLI SHMENTS WHICH DI D NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THI S CATEGORY --------------------

40

206

71

XXX

XXX

135

XXX

XXX

XXX

206

71

XXX

XXX

135

XXX

XXX

XXX

74

30

18

8

44

12

10

12

103

44

25

12

59

15

15

15

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

2

-

1

1

2
2

1
1

1

_
i
i
i
2
2

1
2
5
5
4
7

-

1
1
2
2
2

1
1
2
2
1

5

1

1

4

5
3
5

3
1

4

3

5
2
2
1
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
3
1
3
2
1
-

1
3
1
2
~
-

7
5
3
1
3
2
1
~
1
1

~
1
2
3
1
1
3

6

5
7
10
9
5
5
3
2
2
3

2
2
2
4

3
3
5
2
4

2
1
2
1
i
i
2

~
2
2
4

2
2
1
1
1
2

3 7 Vz

A ll
s ch e d u le s

4

3
1

40

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

2
-

3

1

i
i
i
i
i
2

1
1
1
~
1

-

1
“

1
1
1

-

-

1

32

10

XXX

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

100

31

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

6

14
10
9
7
12
9
6

2
4
3
2
2
1
3
2
1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

6

9
7
4
3
5
4

40

1
-

3
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1

1

-

35

3 7Vz

1
2
2
-

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

XXX

62

18

XXX

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

41

9

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

25

3 7‘/
2

1

1

-

40

1
1
1

1

1
1

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




A ll
s c h e d u le s

35

3 7‘/z

1

1

-

( A l l fu ll- t im e m an u factu rin g pro d u ction and rela te d w o r k e r s =
W o r k e r s on la te shifts

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Second shift

PERCENT
ESTABLISHM ENTS

UITH

OF

SH IFT

PRO V ISIO N S

W I T H NO P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K
U I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T UORK —
U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R O I F F E R E N T I A L » -----------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A 6 E D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------------------------------AVERAGE
UNIFORM
UNIFORM

PAY

T h ir d shift

Second shift

T h ir d shift

UORKERS

LATE

O

IN

C
M




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
production and related workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978

7 7 .5

15 .5

6 .6

3.7
87 . 5
4 4 .0
41 . 8
1 .7

1 .6
7 5 .9
4 1.7

.4
6 .2
5.3

33.1
1 .1

.9
1 4 .6
7 .7
6.8
.1

1 6 .4
8 .6

2 3 .9
11.1

15 .4
7.7

2 4 .8
1 0 .7

.9

DIFFERENTIAL

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------P E R C E N T O F U O R K E R S B Y T Y P E AND
AM O UNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L

UNIFORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
8 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------9 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 A N D U N O E R 1 3 C E N T S ----------------------------------------1 3 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 4 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 6 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 7 A N D U N O E R 1 8 C E N T S ----------------------------------------2 0 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 1 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 2 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 9 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 5 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------26
28
30
32
35
36
40
45
90

Includes

provision s

S e e fo o tn o te s

no t

lis te d

s ep a rately

5.0

2.9

.7
.2
.7
.2
1.1
1.1
.6
1.5

2 .0
1 .4

2 .1
1.8
.7
9.5
-

-

1.1

1 .0
1 .5
-

3.8

.1
. 1

4.6
3.0
1 .9

-

2 .4
1 .1
1 .2
~
1.1
~

10 . 4
3.0
28 .4
-

b elow .

at end o f ta b le s .

26

.2

.6
.1
.2
.2

. 1

-

C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------A N D U N D E R 3 3 C E N T S ----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------

UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e :
5
P E R C E N T -------------------------------------------------------------------8
P E R C E N T -------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 A N D U N D E R 1 6 P E R C E N T -----------------------------------2 0 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------- *

*

3.1
1 .8
3 .8
1 .0
9.3
4 .6
3.0
5.8

~

•6
1 .0
1.4
1 .2
1.1

_
2 5.1
3.0
4.2
.8

.6
.4

1 .7
.3
.2
.8
.6

.1

.3

2 .9
.7
3.2

(1 1 )
.1
. 1
.3

_
.6
.3
(1 1 1

Table B-3.

Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk ers

Item
A ll industries

P E R C E N T OF UO R KER S BY
W E E K L Y H O U R S AND
ALL
15
20
25
30
35
36

36
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
40

42
44
47
48
51

FU LL-T IM E

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A l l in d u s trie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
(12)

_

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

(1 2 )

1

-

6

_
_
-

M anu fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic utilities

SCHED ULE!)
DAYS

UORKERS

-------------------

H O U R S —5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------H O U R S —5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------H O U R S ---------------------------------------------------------4 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------1 / 4 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ------------------------------1 / 3 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -----------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ----------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ---------------------------H O U R S ---------------------------------------------------------4 O A Y S -------------------------------------------------------5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------H O U R S - 6 D A Y S ---------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 D A Y S -------------------------------

-

(12)
5
(12)
(12)
(1 2 )
1
1

-

4
( 12 >
(1 2 )
1

_

_

3
-

1
_
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(12)
88
-

88

(12)
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1

~

(12)
(12)
2
_
_
_
5
(12)
(1 2 )
(12)

-

21
1
(1 2 )
1
4
4
2
5
29
1
(12)
4
(12)
29
( 12 )
29

93
-

80
-

99

93
-

80
1

99

(1 2 )
(12)
2

( 12 )
~
-

4 0 .0

3 7 .6

2

(12)

3 9 .8

~

44

34
2
-

7
3
8
26
(1 2 )
(12)

7

2

~
47

21
-

(1 2 >
19
(12 )
19

~

47

~
36
36

-

(1 2 )

1

3 9 .5

(1 2 )
29
(1 2 )
(1 2 1
“
6

( 1 2)

(12)

3 9 .0

8
2

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL

W EEKLY

See

WORK

SCHEDULES

footnotes

at

end

----------------

o f tab les.




27

3 8 .5

3 7 .1

3 7 .3

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk ers

Item
A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

N onm an ufacturing

100

100

100

(12 1

_

1

99

100

10.9

11.7

P u b lic u tilities

A ll industries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u b lic utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL- TI ME

WORKERS ------------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVI DI NG
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVI DI NG
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------AVERAGE NUMBER

OF PAI D

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

_

-

99

100

100

100

100

100

9.9

11.2

1 1 .5

11.0

(12)
(12)
1
1
(12)
3
(12)
2
2
23
2
11
5
20
1
15
2
11
1
(12)
(12)

1
( 12)
9
~
9
3
26
4
20
1
29
1
5
< 12 )
7
1
~

HOLIDAYS

FOR WORKERS I N ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLI DAYS --------------------------

1 1 .8

10.9

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAI D HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
I
3
5
6
7

OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------------------------HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------PLUS 4 HALF DAYS ----------------------------8 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------9 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------10 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------I I HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----------13 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------19 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------15 HOLIOAYS ---------------------------------------------16 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------19 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------

(1 2 )
<12 >
<12 >
5
2
5
1
7
2
25
5
11
3
19
1
6
(1 2 )
3
1
1
5

1
3
-

5
1
26
5
13
1
29
2
6
< 12 )
5
1
8

1
<12 )
1
11
4
8
2
8
2
23
5
8
4
ii
6
~
1
2
-

< 12 )

51
1
28
16
4
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1
1
-

2
1
2
1
21
1
6
8
18
2
21
3
13
1
(12 )

-

(1 2 )
-

63
26
5
5
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAI D HOLIDAY TIME PROV I DED1
3
9 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------8 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE
11 DAYS OR MORE
12 DAYS OR MORE
13 DAYS OR MORE
19 DAYS OR MORE
15 DAYS OR MORE
16 DAYS OR MORE
19 DAYS

See fo o tn o te s

99
99
94
92
87
80
50
37
16
10
6
5
5

100
100
100
99
96
90
61
95
19
19
9
8
8

100
100
99
99
99
99
49
98
20
9

98
97
86
82
79
69
39
29
10
3
2
-

at end o f t a b le s .




28

100
99
99
98
95
91
67
52
29
13
1
(12)

100
100
100
99
95
88
60
37
12
8
1

100
99
99
98
96
93
71
60
38
17
1
(1 2 )

100
100
99
99
99
99
37
37
10
5
-

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk ers

It e m
A ll industries

PERCENT
ALL

M a n u factu r ing

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll industries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic utilities

OF WORKERS

F ULL- TI ME

WORKERS -------------

ESTABLI SHMENTS NOT PROVI DI NG
PAI D VACATIONS ------------------------------IN ESTABLI SHMENTS PROVI DI NG
PAI D VACATIONS ------------------------------L ENGT H- OF - I I ME PAYMENT ----------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -------------------OTHER PAYMENT -------------------------------

100

100

100

1

4

99
92

10 0
90

96
96

1

1

1

19
30
6
-

28
28
6
-

i

~

5
33
5
3

50
(1 2 )
41
-

53

46
i
43

26
5
53

4
1
< 12 1

11
4
1

6

100

100

100

100

1 00
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

~

~

“

~

1
37
14

10
55
19
4

4
65
20
2

14
49
19
6

60
30
-

11

“

~

~

.................. JLPO

.

IN

AMOUNT

6

OF PAI D

VACATION

100
100

AFTER:h

MONTHS OF SERVI CE!
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS

1 YEAR OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS
6 WEEKS -----------------------------------2 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 WEEKS
6 WEEKS -----------------------------------3 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -----------------------------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------4 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -----------------------------------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------

5
(1 2 )
<121

39
5

“

12
7
74
1
5
< 12 )
< 1 21

16
12
67
-

4
3
76
6

6
4
70
10
10

8
<121
< 12 >
< 1 21

5
“

“

6
-

6
-

88
5
1
-

88
6
-

2
-

“

<12 1

1
-

1
-

79
5

95
3
2
-

96
-

3
-

<12 1
~
79
5
11

-

11
4
i

85
1
5
1
1
< 12 1

6

-

76
6

70
10
11

4
i

3

3

84
1

< 1 21
1
< 1 21

4
94
-

84
1
4
1
< 121

4
2

9

5
90
3
2
-

<12 1
79

5

5

11

1

4

2

i

< 1 21

2
-

<12 1
94
5
1
-

“

< 12 1
94
3
2
< 12 1
1

91

3
5
< 121
1

94
6
_

-

_
-

<12 1
-

< 12 1
-

3
1
-

_

1

94
6
_

-

96
-

“

< 121
-

< 12 1
-

-

93
5
1
-

-

<12 1
-

< 1 21
-

93

90

94

6
i
-

5
4
i

6
"

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




29

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

Item
A U in d u s trie s

AMOUNT OF PAI D
CONTINUEO
5

10

VACATION

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u b lic u tilities

(12 )
44

(1 2 )
89
-

AFTER 14-

YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------2 UEEK S ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS ----------------------------------------5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 UEEKS ----------------------------------------6 UEEKS -----------------------------------------

12 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS —
3 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS —
4 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS ----------------------------------------6 UEEKS ----------------------------------------7 UEEKS ----------------------------------------15 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------3 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 UEEKS —
6 UEEKS ----------------------------------------8 UEEKS ----------------------------------------20 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ----------------------------------------3 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 UEEKS —
6 UEEKS ----------------------------------------7 UEEKS ----------------------------------------8 UEEKS -----------------------------------------

1
65
4
26
1
2
(1 2 )
(1 2 I

62
5
30
~
3

i
71
1
19
2
1
1
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
66

(1 2 )

23
9

1

(1 2 )
2

_

(1 2 )
2

88
9
i
i

76
2
13
1
1
(1 2 )

77

1
7
-

(1 2 )
80
9
9

1
-

61
6
16
2
2
(1 2 )

1

(12)
2
5
72
5
15
1
1
-

1

~

~

(12)

_

1
6
30
1
50
4
4
-

( 12 )

1
7

77
8
7
-

77
12
7

76
3
7

1
1

1
1

2
(1 2 )

_
1
1
74
15
8
~

43
5
48
2
~

1
2
16
(1 2 )
56
4
17
(1 2 1
1
(1 2 )
1

3

18
35
1
1
(12 )

”

2

1
1

5
43

5
6
-

*

_

1
2
38
4
49
3
2

13
38
1
2
(12)

49

“

1
4

1
3
1
69
11
11
1
1
(1 2 )
1

(1 2 )
46

“

1
1

_
14
57
6
21
-

( 12)
1
1

36

(12 )

53
9
i

~

~

i
6
19
(1 2 )
55
2
11
1
2
-

(1 2 >
11
70
9
4
6
-

“
"

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




A U industries

30

(1 2 )
1
30
14
53
(1 2 )
2
i
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
1
12
(121
67
3
16
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(12)

1

22
( 12)
(1 2 )

_
( 12 )
1
72
4
22
-

76
4
8
1
i

(1 2 )
2
8
72

(1 2 )
93
1
(1 2 )
5
-

(1 2 )

(1 2 1

5
11
1
1

93
1
1
5
-

( 12)

”

~

(12 )

(1 2 )

_
25
6
67
2
( 12)
(1 2 )

6
~
58
3
32
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
( 12)

1
33
18
45
( 12 )
2
1
”

(1 2 )
1
15
(1 2 )
72
3
8
1
(1 2 )

-

26
68
1
-

5
“

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
-

89
4
6
~

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n an d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

All industries

AMOUNT OF P AI D
CONTINUED

VACATION

Manufacturing

Office w o r k e r s

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

All

industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

AFTER14-

25 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AMO UNDER A WEEKS ----4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------7 WEEKS -----------------------------------------8 WEEKS -----------------------------------------30 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------7 WEEKS -----------------------------------------8 WEEKS -----------------------------------------MAXIMUM VACATI ON AVAI L ABL E:
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS —
4 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS —
6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------7 WEEKS ----------------------------------------8 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

1

1

4

12

2

28
2

(12)

~

(12)

-

34

18

43

(12)

-

33
2

54

30

(12)

4

8

1

11

89

(12)

29

76

29

2

1

66
4

46

2
3

( 12)

6

15

2

(12)

2

4

-

-

-

-

(12)

(12)

-

-

1

2

~

(12)

(12)

(12)

(12)

(12)

(12)

44

1

1

_

1

_

1

2

-

6

14

12

18

11

9

(12)

-

(12)

-

29

33
2

4

1

27
( 12)

-

1

1

36

44

23

43

43

3

2

5

18

3

11

13

8

24

14

-

-

-

1

2

1

_

1

12

(12)

-

18
(12)

26

22

33

1
39

( 12)

(12)

6

2

11

4

12

(12)

~

(12)

-

29

18

36

(12)

49

39

63

-

5

26

27
( 12)

6

10

(12)

~

2
14

6

1

1

-

-

(12)

( 12)

~

(12)
1
9

_

(12)

-

(12)

(12)

1

(12)

4

12

(12)

-

(12)

-

4

29

16

36

(12)

-

1

1

~

-

49

23

43

38

31

63

3

2

18
24

~

5

26

12

5
8

3

11

13

24

6

10

-

5

(12)

8

3

1

3

2

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




~

9

6
18

(12)

11

(12)

12

(121

(12)

(12)

1

1
2
14

31

51

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
O ffice w o rk ers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u b lic u tilities

A l l ind ustries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N onm an ufacturing

P u b lic utilities

PERCENT OF UORKERS
100

100

100

100

10 0

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVI DI NG AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFI TS
SHOUN B EL OU1 ----------------------------------5

98

100

95

100

99

99

99

100

L I F E INSURANCE ----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------

94
82

99
86

87
76

99
80

99
77

99
82

99
74

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------

68
61

69
60

65
63

63

79
63

82
58

77
65

71
68

SICKNESS AND ACCIOENT INSURANCE
OR SI CK LEAVE OR BOTH16---------------

78

74

83

84

96

93

97

100

48
44

57
50

35
34

44
39

63
56

70
62

59
52

50
50

48

43

55

38

71

70

72

44

8

4

15

43

8

2

11

37

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE -------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------

33
26

37
27

26
24

62
62

58
33

62
33

56
33

82
82

HOSPI TALI ZATI ON INSURANCE ----------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------

97
85

100
88

92
80

100
78

99
63

99
74

99
58

100
77

SURGICAL INSURANCE --------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------

96
85

100
88

91
80

100
78

99
63

99
74

99
58

100
77

MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

94
82

100
88

84
74

100
78

99
63

99
74

99
57

100
77

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

80
65

85
69

72
60

99
78

98
60

98
70

98
55

99
77

DENTAL INSURANCE ----------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

40
38

39
37

40
40

67
67

42
33

47
41

38
28

68
68

RETIREMENT PENSI ON ------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS —

86
81

94
90

74
69

88
80

92
87

92
84

92
88

94
91

ALL F ULL- TI ME

UORKERS ------------

SICKNESS AND ACCIOENT
INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------SICK LEAVE ( F UL L PAY AND NO
WAI TI NG P ERI OO) -------------------------SICK LEAVE ( PARTI AL PAY OR
WAITING PERI OD) --------------------------

See

footnotes

at

end




100
77

64

of tables.

32

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

Ite m
A ll
plans 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
plan s 1
7

N on c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

51

50

56

56

18

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plans 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to r y
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FUL L - TI ME WORKERS ARE PROVI DED THE SAME
FLAT- SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I ME WORKERS18------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I D E D : 1
9
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( BO PERCENT) -----------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH I NDI CATES A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P ECI F I ED LENGTH OF SERVI CE:
PERCENT OF ALL F UL L - T I ME WORKERS18------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVI DED
AFTER: 1
9
6 MONTHS OF SERVI CE:
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIOOLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) ----------------------1 YEAR OF SERVI CE:
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) ----------------------5 YEARS OF SERVI CE:
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) ----------------------10 YEARS of s e r v i c e :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) ----------------------20 YEARS of s e r v i c e :
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PERCENT) ----------------------MIDDLE RANGE ( 8 0 PERCENT) -----------------------

See

fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




16 1100
$5* 000
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 7. 500
$2,000-10.000

5

$1 . 400
$1, 000
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1. 300
$ 5 0 0 - 2. 000
$2, 100
$1, 500
$ 1 , 5 0 0 - 2. 500
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3. 000
$4, 200
$2*500
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5. 000
$ 1 f 50 0 - 8* 000
$4, 600
$2, 500
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5. 000
$ 1 , 5 0 0 - 9 . 000
$4, 800
$2, 500
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5. 000
$1.500-10.000

$6,100
$5 , 0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 7 . 500
$2,000-10.000

$5, 900
$6 , 0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 7. 500
$2,000-10.000

5

$1, 400
$1 . 000
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 1.300
$500- 2. 000

$5, 900
$6 , 0 0 0
$3, 0 0 0 - 7.500
$2.000- 10.000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$2, 100
$1.500
$ 1 , 5 0 0 - 2.500
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 3 . 000

-

-

-

-

$4, 200
$2, 500
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5.000
$ 1 , 5 0 0 - 8. 000

-

-

$4,600
$2 , 5 0 0
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5.000
$ 1 , 5 0 0 - 9. 000

-

-

-

-

-

-

$4, 800
$2, 500
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 5.000
$1,500-10.000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 5, 300
$5 , 0 0 0
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 6.000
$2,000-10.000

1

18
$5, 400
$5, 000
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 6. 000
$2,000-10. 000

1

17
$6 , 3 0 0
$5 , 0 0 0
$ 4 , 0 0 0 - 7,500
$3,000-10.000

16
$6 , 5 0 0
$5. 000
$4,000- 7,500
$3.000-10.000

( 12)

( 12 )

$3 , 0 0 0
$2 , 0 0 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 2. 000
$500- 8. 000

$3, 000
$2, 000
$ 1, 00 0 - 2. 000
$500- 8. 000

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

$3, 400
$2, 000
$ 2 * 0 0 0 - 3* 000
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 8. 000

$3, 400
$2 , 0 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 3. 000
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 8. 000

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

(6 >
(6)
(6 )
(6 >

$7, 700
$5, 000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 8. 000
$1,500-15.000

$7, 700
$5 , 0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 8. 000
$1,500-15.000

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

$8 , 8 0 0
$ 5, 000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 9. 000
$1.500-20.000

$8, 800
$5 , 0 0 0
$ 5 , 00 0 - 9. 000
$1,500-20,000

(6
(6
(6
(6

1
>
>
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

$9, 700
$5 , 0 0 0
$5.000- 10.000
$1.500- 23.300

$9, 700
$5, 000
$5,000-10.000
$1,500-23.300

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

)
)
)
)

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Newark, N.J., January 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n an d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

M a n u fa ctu rin g

A l l in d u stries

M an u fa ctu rin g

A l l in du stries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
p l a n s 17

N oncontributory
p la n s 1
7

15

ii

21

16

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
p l a n s 17

N oncontrib u tory
p lans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE- CONTI NUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASEO ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH I NDI CATES A SPECI FI ED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P ECI FI ED AMOUNT OF EARNI NGS:
PERCENT OF ALL FUL L - TI ME WORKERS18------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P ROVI DED1 I F :
9
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ---------------MIDOLE RANGE <00 PERCENT) ---------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ----------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 1
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ----------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 1
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) -----------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL EARNI NGS: 2
0
PERCENT OF ALL F UL L - T I ME WORKERS18--------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNI NGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF I NSURANCE: 1 2
9 0
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDOLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ------------------PERCENT OF ALL FUL L - TI ME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT SPECI FYI NG A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL FUL L - TI ME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS SPECI FYI NG A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------SPECI FI ED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 1
9
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 PERCENT) ------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASEO ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL F UL L - TI ME WORKERS18-------------------

See

footnotes

at

end

12

19

14

*9.400
*11.000
*7.500-11.300
*5.000-12.000

*9.100
*11.000
*6.500-11.000
*5.000-12.000

*9.100
*11.000
*7.500-11.000
*5.000-12.000

*8.700
* 1 1 . OOO
* 6.500- 11.000
*5.000-11.000

*8.200
*7.500
*5.000-11.000
*5.000-12.000

*7.900
*7.500
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-12.000

*8.000
*8.000
*5,000-10.000
*5.000-12.000

*7.400
*7.500
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

*19.300
*11.500
* 10. 500-16. 000
* 10. 000-22. 000

*13.100
*11.500
*10.500-15.000
*10.000- 16.000

*13.100
*11.500
* 10. 00 0-15.000
* 10. 00 0-22.000

*11.900
*11.500
* 10.500- 11.500
*10.000-15.000

*15.400
*14.000
* 10.000- 20.000
*7.000-22.000

*15.300
*14,000
*10.000-20.000
*7,000-20.000

*16.600
*14.000
*10.000-16.000
*10.000-40.000

( 16. 900
*14.000
*10.000-15.000
*10.000-40.000

*20.300
*16.500
*15.000-25.000
* 15. 000-30. 000

*18.400
*16.500
*15.000- 21.500
*15.000- 25.000

*18.900
*16.500
*15.000-21.500
*15.000-30.000

*17.300
*16.500
* 15.000- 16.500
* 15.000-22.500

*21.600
*16.000
*14.000-30.000
* 10.000- 30. 000

* 21 . 200
*18.000
*10.000-30.000
*10.000-30.000

*22.300
* 15.000
*15,000-30.000
*14.000-50.000

*22.200
*15.000
*14.000-25.000
*14.000-50.000

*26.500
*22.000
*21. 500-30.000
* 20. 000-40. 000

*23.700
*22.000
*21.500- 25.000
*20.000- 30.000

(24.700
*22.000
*20.000-25.000
*20.000-40.000

*22.300
* 2 2 . 000
* 2 1 . 5 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0
*20.000-29.000

*28.000
$20, 000
* 14.000- 40.000
* 10.000- 42.000

* 27.300
* 25.000
*10.000-40.000
*10,000-42,000

*29.300
* 25.000
*20.000-40.000
*14.000-65.000

*28.900
*25.000
*14.000-34.000
*14.000-65.000

19

1. 48
1. 50
1. 00 -2. 00
1.00-2.00

13

1 . 25
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

17

1. 76
2. 00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

10

1. 47
1. O
O
1.00- 2.00
1.00- 2.00

16

10

12

5

4

3

5

4

*140.600
*100.000
*100. 000- 200. 000
*100. 000-200.000

3

*150.400
<6 )
<6 >
<6 )

3

*124.300
*100.000
*100.000- 100.000
*100.000-200.000

5

of tables.




16

34

<6 1
<6 I
<61
<61

5

59

1 . 56
1. 50
1 .00-2. 00
1.00- 2. 50

40

19
*170.600
*200.000
*100.000-275.000
* 10, 000-275. 000

4

46

1.49
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.50

29

17
*180.300
*200.000
* 100,000- 275.000
*10.000-275.000

4

60

1. 44
1. 00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

46

14
*111.500
*100.000
* 100.000- 100.000
*75.000-200.000

4

42

1.30
1.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

32

10
*121.000
*100.000
*100.000-200.00
* 7 5 . 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 . 00

4

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not ap ply to this bulletin.

1 In cludes p aym ents o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e
4
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an equiv alent tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
ind iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p ro p o r tio n s
at 10 y e a r s inclu d e changes b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e cum ula­
t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f te r 10 y e a r s
in cludes th o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r typ e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r which
5
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the cost is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p l a n s " inclu de on ly th os e fin a n c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r . E xcluded are
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p en s a tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n du pli cated t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r sic kn e ss and
6
ac c id en t i n s u r a n ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . Sick l e a v e plans ar e l i m i t e d to
th os e w h ich d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' pay
that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t. I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m i n e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclud ed .
17 E s t i m a t e s under " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a l l plans f o r wh ich at l e a s t
a p a r t o f the c os t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r . E s t i m a t e s under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
u to ry p l a n s " in clude on ly th os e fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
1 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a ll f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
8
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s equal 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m an u fac tu rin g equal 100
pe r cen t.
1 T h e m e a n amount is c om pute d by m u l ti p l y i n g the n u m b er o f w ork ers
9
p r o v i d e d in s u ran ce by the amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , to talin g the p r o d ­
ucts , and d iv id in g the sum by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m ed ia n indicate s
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and half
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown. M i d d l e range (50 p e r ­
cent)— a f o u r th of the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r am ou nt and a fou rth a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r amount. M i d d l e range (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t of the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n i n g s is the n u m b e r by w h ich annual e arnin gs
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e t e r m i n e the amount o f in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p le ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s that f o r annual e a r n in g s o f $ 10, 000 the amount of
i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d is $ 20, 000.

1 Stand ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r each job by to talin g the e a r n in g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d iv i d i n g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian d e s ig ­
n ate s p o s i ti o n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s am e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the rate shown. T h e m id d le range is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f pay; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a te s and a fourth e a r n the same o r m o r e than the
h i g h e r r a te .
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e sex i d e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e and u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
A ll other estim ates r e ­
la t e to m e n and w o m e n .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo bs such as m e s s e n g e r .
9
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l standa rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
1 I n c lu d e s a l l p r o d u c ti o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
0
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts wh ose f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la t e s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
ope r a tin g T a te s h ifts .
1
1 L e s s th an 0.05 p e r c e n t .
1 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
2
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f f u ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount;
3
f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 10 days
i n c lu d e s th o s e w i t h 10 f u l l days and no half day s, 9 f u ll days and 2
h a l f d a y s , 8 f u ll days and 4 ha lf d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum ula ted .




35

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f the 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u r e a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f its data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w it h in
s ix b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ti o n s and the c o n stru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr ie s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s ta b l i s h m e n ts ha vin g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f i c i e n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o ccup atio ns studied. A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 shows the n u m b e r
o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be w it h in the s c o p e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r ac tu a lly studied.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f the tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s on ly is c o l l e c t e d by a c om b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p le o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the sc op e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sa m ple, less
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the in d u s t r i a l
scop e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f the s u r v e y until the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w ith in the s c op e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y
s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance
of selection.
T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
Wh en data a r e
c om b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n so that unbia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f the s am e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
chosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
ad ditional w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; N o rfolk —V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a .—N . C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica— Rom e, N . Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department o f Labor.




O ccup ation s and e arning s
Occup ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and no nm anufacturing i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p ow e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ial.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s a m e job .
Occupations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
Un le ss o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s com bined. E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the oc c up atio ns
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m en t in the occupation is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
ta t io n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t
data. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e no t p r e s e n t e d wh en the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n tif ie d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an occupation.
E a r n i n g s data no t shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d ustr y d iv is io n s a r e includ ed in data f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s com b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations w ith m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e in c lu d e d in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t io n when a sub c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .
Occupational e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h ed ule.
E a r n in g s
data exclude p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and late shifts.
Nonproduction b on uses a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e bon us es a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k l y ho ur s f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c up atio ns
a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d is tr ib u t io n
o f w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b l e s in d i c a te a chan ge in the s i z e o f the c la s s
in te rv a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e xam p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such s hif ts in e m p l o y m e n t oould d e c r e a s e an
are
oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s during the y e a r . Changes in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s changes f o r
i n d iv id u a l jobs within the g roup s.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus con tr ib ute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C o m p u t e r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o ccup atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w it h in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y contribute to d i f f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d rate ranges (on ly the rate s paid
incum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties with in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u all y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s among e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f th e study and not the n u m b e r ac tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e s amon g e s ta b lis h m en ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in e d f r o m the s am p le o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d i c a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not affe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s data.

I n d u s t r i a l n u rs e s
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r i a l
nurses
S k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e
C arpenters
E lectrician s
Percent
as f o l l o w s :

changes f o r indivic

S k i l l e d maintenance-—
Continued
P ain ters
M a c h in is t s
M ech anics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r v eh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e computed

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e com p uted f o r e a c h occup ation f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th os e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h ic h a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

2.

E a c h oc c u p atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l group in
the b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e used to com pute g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y i ts w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o ta le d
to ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a ti o o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u ti v e y e a r s is
c om p u te d b y d i v id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e re s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l gro ups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g
the t r e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m atc h e d e s ta b lis h m en ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s hif ts am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occupation when w o r k e r s a r e p aid
under plans p r o v i d i n g a ra n g e o f w a g e rate s f o r in d iv id u al j o b s . In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o tt o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e without a change in w a g e r a te s .

T h e p e r c e n t chan ges r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . When the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m onths, annual
r a t e s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to compute
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M onthly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an u ary 19 73, pp. 52-57.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

O c c u p a tion s u s e d to com p ute w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffice c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S e c reta rie s
Sten ograph ers, gen e ra l
Stenographers, senior
T y p is ts , classes
A and B
F ile c le rk s , classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s

O r d e r clerk s, c la sses
A and B
A c c ou n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o l l clerks
K e y entry op e ra tors ,
c l a s s e s A and B




T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is stu died f o r f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
o ffice w o rk ers.
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ) in clud e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and all non s u p e r v i s o r y
w orkers
(inclu d in g g ro u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in fa b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , in s p e c t i o n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , handling, p a c k ­
i n g , w a r e h o u s i n g , shippin g, m a in te n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and guard s e r ­
v i c e s , p ro d u c t d e v e l o p m e n t , a u x i l i a r y p r o d u c tio n f o r p lan t's o w n use
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t ) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
ate d w i t h the a b o v e p ro d u c tio n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and route w o r k e r s
^ The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the w age trend computation ior this group.
A revised jo b description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

37

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s but in c lu d e d in no nm anu fa ctu rin g
in d u stries.)
In fin a n c e and in s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to be
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s inclu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and all nonsu p ervisory w o rk e rs
(i nclu din g l e a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e functions in such d e p a r tm e n ts as ac counting,
a d v e r t i s i n g , p u r c h a s in g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , fin a n c e , l e g a l , p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l ,
s a l e s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , pub li c r e l a t i o n s , e x e c u t i v e , o r tr a n s p o r t a t i o n .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t ru c tio n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
both the p r o d u c tio n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p l i n g te c h n iq u e s used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to ha ve f o r m a l e n tr a n c e
rate s ab ove the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
( T h e " X ' s " shown under s ta n dard
w e e k l y hours i n d ic a te that no m e a n in g f u l to tals a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u fa c tu rin g (tab le B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s on la te s hifts .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as having
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h ich (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n
o f late s h i f t s , o r (2) ha ve o p e r a t e d la te shifts at any t i m e d u r in g the 12
months p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y . When e s t a b l i s h m e n t s have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
w h ich v a r y by j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p ly in g to the m a j o r i t y o f the p ro d u c tio n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
Wh en e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ich apply
on ly to c e r t a i n ho urs o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p lyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f
the shift hours is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f this study, a late shift is e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n i n g )
shift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m idn ig h t o r a t h i r d (night ) shift w h i c h s ta r ts at
o r n e a r m id n igh t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r se co n d and t h i r d shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r ( l ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
by a ll p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
S ch ed ule d w e e k l y hours; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ich ap p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to apply to
a l l p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t wh en it ap p lie s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a ti o n s ; and he alth, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e f its as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w ill even tually b e co m e e lig ib le .
Schedule d w e e k l y hours and days (tab le B - 3 ) . S c h ed u le d w e e k l y
hours and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d ay ) shift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p aid f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a te s .
P a i d ho lid a ys (tab le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in c lu d e d i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u i r e d to w o r k a r e p aid f o r the t i m e o f f and th os e r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p ay o r c o m p e n s a t o r y t i m e o f f .
T h e y a r e in c lu d e d
on ly i f th ey a r e g r a n t e d annually on a f o r m a l b a s is
( p r o v i d e d f o r in




w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m ). H o l i d a y s a r e included e v e n though
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g ra n te d another day o ff.
P a i d p e r s o n a l h o lid a y p la n s , t y p i c a l l y found in
the au tom ob ile and r e l a t e d in d u s t r i e s , a r e in c lu d e d as p aid h o lid a y s .
Data a r e tabulate d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e
g ra n te d s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f wh ole and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a r e g ra n te d
sp ecified
amounts o f to tal h o lid ay t i m e
(w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e
aggregated).
P a i d v a c a tio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t t h e i r m e t h o d o f
ca lc u la tin g v ac atio n pay (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a t i o n p ay g r a n te d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r te d . V a c a ti o n bon u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p lans, and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c plans a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r tabulating v a c a tio n p ay g r a n t e d , a l l p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s is .
V a c a tio n pay c a l c u l a t e d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to its e qu iv ale n t ti m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is tabulated as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t i o n pay .
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d leng th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a l l p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount o f v a c a t i o n
pay as s e r v i c e length ens. Counts o f p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not obtained.
T h e tabulation s o f v a c a t i o n pay g r a n te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than
p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s actu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s .
Health , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans (ta b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . H ealth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p ensio n plans in clu d e plans f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r all o r p a r t o f the cost.
T h e c o s t m a y be (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n by a
c o m m e r c i a l insuran ce com pany o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a
union fund to wh ich the e m p l o y e r has c on trib u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set a s id e to c o v e r the cos t.
A plan is included e ven though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent do not choose to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its cost ( p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i t y ins uran ce 3 a r e e x c lu d e d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in C alifornia, New Jersey, New Y ork, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which m eet only the le g a l requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1 ) employers contribute more than is le g a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in tire
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each o f the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only em ployees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
em ployees and employers contribute; in New York, em ployees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and N ew Jersey, em ployees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i f they were covered by the State fund; in New York, em ployees can agree
to contribute more i f the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A c t ) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether w ork-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n ity (usuall y
t h ro u g h an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c ase o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n is a l s o p r o v i d e d in tab le B - 7 on ty pes of l i f e in s u r a n c e plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e ip a l l in d u s tr ie s c om b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t in suran ce is l i m i t e d to plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f death o r los s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an ac c id e n t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ran ce in clu des only th o s e plans w h ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p aym ents be m ade d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r in ju ry , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .
S ic k l e a v e pla ns a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 w h ich p r o v i d e f o r
con tinu ing an e m p l o y e e ' s p ay d urin g absence f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e t w e e n (1) plans wh ic h p r o v i d e fu ll p ay w ith no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ic h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p ay o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p erio d.
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to t o t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid sick l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n t h s ) . P a y m e n t s a r e m ad e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f i ts .
F u ll o r p artial p ay­
m e n ts a r e a l m o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e fits p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s uran ce plans r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l p ay m e n t f o r b a s ic s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s ho spit al r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o t h e r h o s p i t a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l in s u ran ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p it a l c a l l s .
Plans
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
a i l m e n t s at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d ic a l insuran ce.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e ap p li es to s e r v i c e s w h ich go
b e y o n d the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d under h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u ran ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 50) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b egin , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s the in s u r e d to pay a p o r tio n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .
D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e p la ns p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e b e n e fits
on ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g ac c id en t dam age a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p ay m e n t s to the
re tire e for life.
In c lu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ic h p r o v i d e
the op tio n o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e annuity.
4 A n establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
o f days o f sick lea ve a va ila ble to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Labor-m anagem en t agreem ent covera ge
T h e f o l l o w i n g tab u la tio n shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p ro d uction
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e N e w a r k a r e a in w h ich
a union c o n tr a c t o r c o n tr a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , January 1978:
P r o d u c t i o n and
related w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk e rs

70
75
63
99

19
7
25
91

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______
N onm an u fac tu r ing._.
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s __

An e s ta b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to ha ve a c o n tr a c t c o v e r i n g a l l
p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by
a lab or-m an agem en t a greem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll oth e r p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s that e i th e r do not have l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r have c o n tr a c t s that ap p ly to f e w e r than
h a l f o f t h e i r p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the extent to w h i c h a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d
by the p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e e x c lu d e d and the in d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

In d u s tr i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m anufac tu rin g
A l m o s t h a lf o f the w o r k e r s within th e s c op e o f th e s u r v e y in the
N e w a r k a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
The follow ing p resents
the m a j o r in d u s try gro u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s tr ie s as a p e rc e n t o f a ll
m an u fac tu rin g:
In d u s try group s
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s ______________________ 26
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t _____________________ 18
M a c h i n e r y , exc e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _____________________ 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p ro d u c ts . . .
8
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s . . .
6
In s tr u m e n ts and r e l a t e d
p r o d u c t s ______________________
5

S p e c i f i c in d u s tr ie s
D r u g s ____________________________ 16
C o m m u n ic a tio n e q u i p m e n t ___
6
G e n e r a l in d u s tr ia l
m a c h i n e r y ____________________
5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d b e f o r e actu al s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s ind us try d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s
o f th e s u r v e y as shown in ap p e n d ix t a b le 1.

A p p e n d ix table 1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w orkers w ithin scope of survey and num ber studied in N e w a rk , N . J . , 1 Ja n u a ry 1978
N u m b er of establishm ents

Industry division

2

Minim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of stu dy

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it hi n s c o p e o f stu d y

Within scope
o f st u dy 3

Studied
Studied

Total4
Number

Percent

Fu ll-tim e
p r o d u c t io n and
related w ork ers

F u ll-tim e
office w orkers

T ota l4

ALL ESTABLI SHMENTS
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

1. 131

207

351, 147

IPO

155.759

80.016

166.147

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATI ON. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RETAI L TRADE
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FI NANCE. INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTATE
-----------------------S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

100
-

444
687

71
136

168. 962
182 . 1 8 5

48
52

93.722
62.037

28.828
51. 188

70,033
96,114

100
50
100
50
50

46
174
89
148
230

19
28
17
24
48

41. 903
22 . 7 1 3
35. 111
43. 863
38 . 5 9 5

12
6
10
12
11

15.638

10 . 4 1 4

< 61

c 6>

( 6»

< 6>

< 6»

( 6>

< 6>

( 6I

34.438
7. 955
14,910
21.782
17. 029

ALL

DIVISIONS

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL

DIVISIONS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATI ON. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RETAI L TRADE
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FI NANCE. INSURANCE. ANO REAL ESTATE
-----------------------SERVI CES 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

500
-

500
500
500
500
500

71

180. 440

100

69.838

47.146

139, 844

62
54

35
36

84 . 8 1 0
95 . 6 3 0

47
53

43.589
26.249

17 . 2 2 1
29.925

61,143
78.701

13
5
18
15
3

11
4
7
11
3

3 6. 207
5. 475
22. 403
21. 782
9 . 763

20
3
12
12
5

12.178

9.519

32,553
4,624
13,009
18.752
9.763

............ ... m

1 T h e N e w a r k St and ar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and Bud ge t th ro ug h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s i s t s o f E s s e x , M o r r i s , S o m e r s e t , and Union C o u n t ie s.
T he " w o r k e r s wi thi n s c o p e o f st u d y " e s t i m a t e s shown in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e inc lu de d in the s u r v e y .
Estim ates are
not int en d ed , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t
tr e n d s o r l e v e l s si n c e (1) pla nni ng o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l is h m e n t dat a c o m p i l e d c o n ­
s i d e r a b l y in ad v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s tu di ed , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x cl u d e d f r o m
the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 ed iti on o f the St and ar d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s use d to c l a s s i f y
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by in du st r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c lu d ed f r o m the
s c op e o f th e s u r v e y .




( 6 1

< 6»

16 )

C 6)

i 6)

<

<6}

( 6>

3 In cl u de s a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s wi th t o ta l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
All
ou tl et s (w i t h in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r i e s such as t r a d e , f i n a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as on e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 In c lu d es e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e
p r o d u c t i o n and o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s
in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x cl ud e d .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f data is not m a d e f o r th is d i v i s i o n .
7 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e
r e p a i r , r e n t a l , and p a rk i n g; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

40

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e
s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its
f i e l d s taff in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d under a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
Because
o f th is e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o c c u p a tio n a l
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
nifican tly fr o m
th o s e in use in ind iv id u al e s ta b lis h m en ts o r th os e p r e ­
pared fo r other purposes.
In ap plyin g th ese job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s tr u c te d to exc lude w o r d i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an d ic ap p e d w o r k e r s
w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e red uced b e c a u s e o f t h e i r
ha ndicap a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , unless
s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c lu d e d in the j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e exclud ed.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in t a in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in dependently r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routine and u n dersta nd in g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts
fe ss io n a l, techn ical, o r m a n a g e ria l person s;

d.

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e exc lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

Exclusion s

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not
d e s c r i b e d ab ov e ;

m e e t the

"p erso n a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d if fi c u l t or m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties which
a r e not typical" o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l oc c u p atio n s f o r w h ich r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s o r t i t l e s a r e b e in g in t ro d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
Guar d
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p revio u sly surveyed
as ship ping and
receivin g clerk )
T ru ck d river

O r d e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e ty p i s t
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r

T h e B u re a u has discontinued c o l l e c t i n g data f o r ta b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w at ch m e n a r e now c l a s s i f i e d as guards un der the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

41

W o rk e rs previou sly

secretary

to a group

concept

of p ro ­

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ich do not f i t any o f the situat ions l i s t e d in the
s e c t io n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in e e s.

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h i c h m e e t the ab ov e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a tc h e d at
one o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
within the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c hart f o l l o w i n g the e xp lan atio n s o f th e s e tw o
f a c t o r s i n d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
factors.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5,000 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e gm e n t (e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
zationa l s e g m e n t ofte n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (LS)
S e c r e t a r i e s sho uld b e m a t c h e d at one o f the f o u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e lo w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w ith in the com p any
o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n
o r expert.
(N O T E :
Many
c o m p a n ie s
a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f
su p e rv is o ry o r n o n su p ervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e qu iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situ ations in
the d e fin itio n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u ally d iv id e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn, f u r t h e r
s ub d iv id ed . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l in c lu d e s a w i d e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r t w o ; o r

b.

LS—3

organ iza tion al

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com p any
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d or p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

d.




L e v e l of S e c reta ry 's Responsibility (L R )
T h is f a c t o r ev alu ate s the n a tu r e o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the e xte n t to w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in i t i a t i v e and ju d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s should b e m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
2
L e v e l o f E e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l duties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s t e le p h o n e s ,
c om in g m a i l .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h on e r e q u e s t s w h i c h h a v e sta n da rd a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y s end ing a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
othe rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typograph ical accuracy.

d.

M aintains s u p e r v i s o r ' s
instructed .

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e f u n c tio n al a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
r e s e a r c h , op era tion s, in du strial rela tio n s, etc.) o r a m a jo r
geo gra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a reg ion al headqu ar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
i n it io n r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who h a ve a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , does not in a ll c a s e s
i d e n t i f y such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on ind iv id u al c as e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t ac tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c ou n ts ; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s es o f ap ply ing the d e fin itio n .

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

an i n d iv id u a l plant , f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all,

42

greets

personal

calendar

and

ca llers,

makes

and

opens

ap p oin tm en ts

in ­

May

as

SEC R E TA R Y— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S ten ograph er, Sen ior

P e r f o r m s d u tie s d e s c r i b e d under L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r f o r m s
ta s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w le dg e o f o f f i c e functio ns
in c lu d in g q r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s te l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ic h can
b e h a n d le d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ub ord inate s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u i r e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro c e d u r e s o r collection o f inform ation f r o m file s o r
other o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v is o r 's name.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p ilin g p e r i o d i c
o f g e n e r a l instru ctions.

d.

S c h e d u le s t e n t a t i v e appointm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b ac k grou n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e ti n g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to oth e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , takes d ic tatio n , and f i l e s . )

r e p o r t s on the b a s is

T h e f o l l o w i n g ta b u la tio n shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e ach
LS and L R c o m b in a tio n :

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e pen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic speed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e tc . U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o ­
g r a p h i c duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ainta ining f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c ti o n s ; r e a d i n g and routing inc o m in g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty pe cop y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dictatio n whic h does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty pe f r o m w r itte n
copy. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith shorthan d d ic ta tio n .)
T Y P IS T

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e dic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fro m a
s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l.
M a y occ a s io n a lly tra n scrib e fro m v o ic e reco rd in gs (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T yp ist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e la tio n s h ip w i t h o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .
Sten ograph er, G en eral
D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




OR

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's resp on sibility
L R —1

keep

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y also set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s have b e en m a d e b y an oth er p e r s o n . M a y include
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in in g , such
as k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and
d is tr ib u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fi n a l f o r m wh en it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n language m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout
and ty p ing o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in sp acin g.
M a y typ e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d eta ils to suit
circu m stan ces.
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e s tan da rd tab u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a l r e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u i r e d to m ainta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g definitions.

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s ub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in con ju nction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

adequacy o f i n f o r m a ti o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch e c k in g shipping i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b je ct m a t t e r ) head in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subhead ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
As requested,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tas k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E xclu de w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties in clude
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e using k n o w l ­
ed ge g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s i z i n g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y stem (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e r ica l).
As
requested,
lo c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta sks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positions
defin ition s:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op ening and d is trib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

c la ssified

into

le v els

according

to

the

follo w in g

C las s A . Han dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts such as
ch o os in g which s p e c i f i c p ro duct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p ro d uct
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quo ted
wh en p r i c i n g in v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . Han dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ich have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic ation s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r document to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N TIN G C LE R K

S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c on s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , ou tgo in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y als o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typing o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u ally p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le ad o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e xc lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
Ope r a t o r - R e c e p t i o n i s t .
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g natu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u siness and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con tac tin g that p e r s o n by t e le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
o r m erch an d ise f r o m cu stom ers o r sales people.
W o rk ty p ica lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Q uoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s tin g substitu te s wh en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s i n g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ;
check in g o r d e r she e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p os tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting doc u m e nts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s tin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M ay w o r k in e i t h e r a m anua l o r autom ated ac coun ting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s whic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f tr an s ac tio n s and ac counting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac coun ting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and accou nting.
P ositions
d e fin itio n s :

are

cla ssified

into

levels

on the

basis

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac counting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s which r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e accounting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g amon g a sub sta ntia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccoun ting cod es
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s ac counting
actions to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac counting c l e r k s .
C las s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accou nting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a ti o n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

P A Y R O L L CLERK— Continued

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p ostin gs are c l e a r l y ind icated ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r ac counting d o c u m e n ts ; and codin g docum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccoun ting cod es.

l i s t i n g s ag ain s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ate d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com pute s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , com p any p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ac h in e (with o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s et o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a ccoun ting s y s t e m used.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s tr i b u t i o n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in eac h phase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and other r e c o r d s b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t io n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g little k n o w le dg e of b a s i c b oo kk e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s includ e accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m achine b i l l e r ) , cos t d i s ­
t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s tr i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y check o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sheets f o r the accounting
d e p a r tm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y also k eep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m ot h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m achin e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ’
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a ti o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a tic a lly a c c u m u late d by
m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u ally i n v o l v e s a l a r g e nu m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fanfold m achin e.

KEY ENTRY OPERATO R
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n tr y d e v i c e such as keypunch
m a c h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r disk e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m suitable f o r c o m p u te r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a lp h a n u m e ric k e y b o a r d and an understa nding o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n t r y equip m en t.
P o sitio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

cla s s ifie d

into

levels

on the b a s i s o f

the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgm ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r codin g i t e m s to be e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e docum ents .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m routin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c las s B.
N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s above c l a s s A using the k e y en try
c o n t r o l s to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a te the substance o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take s ub sta ntiv e a c tio n s , o r to m ak e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
k n o w le d g e .
C l a s s B . W o r k is routin e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e t a i l e d in s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m
v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e docum ents w h ich have b e e n coded and r e q u i r e
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c od in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be e n te r e d . R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g
in form ation.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE S S

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b ookkeepin g m ac h in e (with o r
withou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’ b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accou nts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the sim ultaneous e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m achin e a u t o m a tic a lly ac c um ula te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and computes and u sually p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and standa rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x dedu ctions; e d iting p a y r o l l




A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olv in g
t h e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be autom ated and id e n t i f i e s con ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocum ents to be used; o u tlin es actions to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e ta i l f o r p r e s e n ta ti o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a te s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e qu ip m en t changes to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly s ts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

Does not in clu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a lys ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.

lan gua ge, cause the m anipula tion o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to an a lyz e c h a r ts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e quence o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w
charts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e
charts to coded in s tru c tio ns f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l during p ro d u c tio n
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adapt to ne w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a lys ts i f th is is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e study pu rpo s es , s y s t e m s an aly sts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tio n
s c he d u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
wh ich e v e r y i t e m o f e ach typ e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro u gh the f u ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo l l o w u p actions a r e i n it ia te d b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f ne w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s ta l l a ti o n s o r changes and f o r
ob ta ining equipm ent.

Does not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c an d/or e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n al
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

le v e l system s

are cla s s ifie d

as

follo w s:

an alysts
C las s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p hases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g concepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ic h id e n tify the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s ste ps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g routin e; plans the f u l l range o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio ns ne e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u ti l i z e the c om p u te r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accou nts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accounts in a m an u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s te m s
to be ap p lie d.

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p ­
m en t m ust be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m nu m erous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e nu m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
This r eq u ire s
such actio ns as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ich can be r e ­
us ed, e s ta b lis h m en t o f lin kage poin ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad justm ents to
data wh en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
substa ntia l m anip ulation and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
hig hly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g
scheme or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly on routine a s s i g n ­
m en ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and guid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e w i t h i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

M a y p r o v i d e functional d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s is t.

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE S S

C las s B. W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) usually p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d sequences o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r ad dition s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
input data which a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e f i n e d in p r i o r ac tio ns so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequencing o f data can be t e s t e d b y using a f e w routine c h e c k s. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m deals w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a lys t, into a sequ e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c ti o n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e i n s tr u c tio n s w h ich , when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in coded

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) under
c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by i n d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta s k s under f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out an alys e s
as a s s i g n e d , u suall y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an aly s t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l analy st.




OR

46

COM PUTER PROGRAM M ER, BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER O PERATO R— Continued

M a y guid e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p li c ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on cep ts u s u a lly l e a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p li cation o f sta n da rd p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new a s p e cts
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g in s tr u c ti o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u te s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u lta n e o u s ly ). T h e f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
needed.
-

operating

L o a d s e q u ip m e n t
paper, etc.).

i n s tr u c tio n s
with

to

req u ired

determ ine
item s

e qu ip m en t

(ta p e s ,

cards,

C l a s s B . In addition to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m en ts in clude runs i n v o l v i n g n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situat ions w h i c h r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t this l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
ind e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n ts . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u ir e
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f sta n da rd setup and op e r a tin g
procedures.
In res p o n d in g to c o m p u t e r output in s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c on­
d itio n s , ap p li e s s tan da rd o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia te f r o m s ta n dard p r o c e d u r e s when stan da rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e via tion
does not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r th e c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tio n plans. R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r a b orts the p r o g r a m w h en p r o c e d u r e s a p p li e d do not p r o v i d e a
solution. M a y guide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s C . W o r k a s s i g n m e n ts a r e l i m i t e d to e s ta b l i s h e d pro duction
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h i c h p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s ) .
A s s ig n m e n ts
m a y c o n s is t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g ( s o m e t i m e s augmented by
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . Wh en l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and durin g the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has gained e x p e r i e n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y independently in
ap plying stan da rd o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in respon ding to
c o m p u te r output i n s tr u c ti o n s o r e r r o r c on d it ion s , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when s ta n dard p r o c e d u r e s f a i l .

setup
d is k s ,

- S w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y equipm en t into s y s t e m .
- S t a rt s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r.

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O P E R A T O R

- R e s p o n d s to o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u te r output i n s tr u c tio n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k es c o r r e c t i o n s
or r e fe r s p rob lem s.

durin g o p e r a t i o n

O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l equ ip m en t w h i c h d i r e c t l y supports d ig it a l
c o m p u te r o p e r a t i o n s . Such e q u ip m en t is uniquely and s p e c i f i c a l l y d esig ned
f o r c o m p u te r a p p l i c a t i o n s , but n e e d not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n n e c te d to a c o m p u te r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d rea d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r i v e s , d isk units o r d r i v e s , and data d is pla y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such e quip m en t.

- M a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d .
M a y t e s t - r u n n e w o r m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro gra m s.
T h e s c o p e of this d e fin itio n includes t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and l e a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g te c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
operators.
It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s who m o n i t o r and o p e r a te r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

T h e f o l l o w i n g duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l equipment
operator:

C l a s s A . In a d d it io n to w o r k as s ig n m e n ts d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c la s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t one
o f the f o l l o w i n g :

- Loadin g p rin te rs
and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r; adjusting
c o n tr o ls f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , te n s io n , p r in tin g d e ns ity , and
lo c a t io n ; and un load ing h a rd copy.

- D e v i a t e s f r o m s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to av oid the l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t i o n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u te r t i m e e v e n though the p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tio n p lans.

- L a b e l l i n g tap e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e ck s .

- T e s t s n e w p r o g r a m s , ap p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- Se tt ing c o n tr o l s w h ic h r e g u la t e o p e r a t i o n o f the equipment.

- A d vises p ro g r a m m e r s
te c h n iq u e s .

and

su bject-m atter

experts

on

- C heckin g l a b e l s and m oun ting and dism ountin g
r e e l s o r disks on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

setup

- O b s e r v i n g p a n e l lig h ts f o r w a r n i n g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r i a t e ac tion.

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n t a i n i n g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g o p e r a tin g i n s tr u c tio n s and
t e c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m situatio ns; and/or (3) s w itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s is ta n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f p r o g r a m la n gu a ge , c o m p u te r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a t o r at




th is l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y guides

low er

and

error

d esig na ted tape

indications and

- Exam inin g tapes, ca rds, o r other m a t e r ia l fo r c re a s e s ,
o r o t h e r d e fe c t s w h ic h cou ld cau se p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

tears,

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n i t b r and o p e r a te a
c o n t r o l c o n s o le ( s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) wh ose
duties a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a t i n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
equ ip m en t.

le v e l operators.

47

COMPUTER D ATA LIB RARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

M ain tain s l i b r a r y o f m e d i a (t a p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g a p p lic a tio n s . T h e f o l l o w i n g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data l i b r a r i a n :
C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta lo g in g ,
and s to r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s ta n d a r d i z e d s y s t e m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r etu rn s ; in s p e c tin g r etu rn e d m e d i a f o r d am age o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not th ey ne e d r e p l a c i n g . M a y p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a g e d tapes.

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a com b inatio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s t a l l i n g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b l e s h o o ti n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t ru c tin g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e quip m en t in
r e q u i r e d op e r a tin g condition.
The equip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equ ip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r ad io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alo g c o m p u te rs , and (c) in d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m en t.

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s ha ving
d is ti n c ti v e d e sig n f e a tu r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d ra ft in g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e sup por t w it h the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e sig n chan ges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , function, and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a ti o n s h i p s o f com ponen ts and
p a r ts . W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d by d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e te r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w er le v e l dra fters.

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s ta n dard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c om m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and household ra d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro duction a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n i c i a n s who ha ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P ositions
d e fin ition s:

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n of m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d ra w in g techn iq ues
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h ap e s , m u l ti p l e fu nctions, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e la ti o n s h i p s b e tw e e n com p on e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c on s t ru c tio n o f a buil din g inc lud in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f foun da­
tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la ns, and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
manua ls in m ak ing n e c e s s a r y c om p uta tions to d e t e r m i n e quantities of
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c heck ed f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equ ac y.

are cla s s ifie d

into

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A . A p p l i e s advanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , those that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipment.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clude l o c a t i o n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g changes. W o r k i n v o l v e s :
A d e ta i l e d u n dersta nd in g o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent j u d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such tasks as m ak ing c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g rela tio n sh ip s in s ign al f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t i n ­
s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s ,
p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t ru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T yp e s of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d inclu de i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i ti o n i n g o f com ponents
and c on v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m ethod s o f
ap p roach, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
with in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts . I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e wh en a s s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d durin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r (f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n i c i a n s .
C la ss B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , those that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipment. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and judgm ent in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
to o l s and te s ting i n s tr u m e n ts , u s u all y l e s s c o m p l e x than th o s e used by the
c la s s A technician.

D R A FTE R -TR AC E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e rs by p la c i n g t r a c i n g
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g w it h pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
includ e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s ti n g o f s tr a ig h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a le not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id an c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g uid ance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

AND/OR
C la s s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tasks in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such

P r e p a r e s sim ple o r rep e titiv e draw ings of e a s ily v is u a liz e d item s.
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d durin g p r o g r e s s .




48

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

M AINTENANCE ELE C TR IC IA N — Continued

tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and using t o o l s and c om m o n t e s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w i t h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro ugh as s ign m e n ts d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .

e qu ip m en t; w o r k i n g
w irin g or e le c tric a l
and m e a s u r i n g and
te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n
th ro ugh a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot ch e c k ed , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d
r e v i e w wh en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o lv e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e wh o g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; att en d ing to sub sequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g ac c id en t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e xa m in a tion s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lic an ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and plannin g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e alth e d u c a tio n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v alu atio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h ealth, w e l f a r e , and safe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c on stru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as b ins, c r i b s , counters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r ta b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n dard
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g stan da rd shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s i n g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




stan da rd c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to loa d r e q u i r e m e n t s of
equ ip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
t e s t i n g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
p ainting by r e m o v i n g old f in is h o r b y p la c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in na il ho les
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r con ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and ne w p a r t s in m ak in g r e p a i r s of
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's handto o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g stan da rd
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m ak ing standard
shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , fe e d s , and speeds
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c om m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equ ip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts into m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u sually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e qu ip m en t o f an e s tab lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
equip m en t to d ia g n os e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d ism an tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p arts with i te m s
ob ta ined f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m ac h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the prod uction o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m ak ing a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents f o r o p e r a ti o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually
a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p erien ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s whose p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r adjusting m a c h i n e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g autom otive
e quip m en t to d ia g n os e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipm en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools a s ' w r e n c h e s , g aug es,

M AINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR V EH ICLE)— Continued

M AINTENANCE TRADES H ELPE R

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m sto ck ; g r i n d i n g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and ali g n in g w h e e l s , adju sting b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o l ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n a n c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rou nded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r supplied w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and equip m ent; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld ing m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n sk ill ed ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin ed to s u p p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and h o ld ing m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c le anin g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

This
cla s s ific a tio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

m ech anics

who

rep air

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )

In s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e fitt in g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f pip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le ngth s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
pipe w ith sto ck s and d i e s ; bendin g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c oup li n gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s tan da rd shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
pipe r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s tan da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p ip es
m eet specificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g sanitation o r heatin g s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h i n e , e ng in e lathe, m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak in g o r m a i n ta i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l dies o r m o l d s u s e d in shap ing o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o nm etallic m a te r ia l (e.g., p la stic, p la s t e r , ru bber, g la s s ).
W ork typ ically
i n v o l v e s : P lann ing and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u i d e s , s to p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tro ls to handle the s i z e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e qu e n c e o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts dur ing
m a c h in in g op e r a tio n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o ls ne e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a i n i n g and
ex p erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W OR K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equip m en t and f i x t u r e s (s uc h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , .tan ks , v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, duc ts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and la y in g out all ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bend ing, f o r m i n g , shap ing,
f i ttin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
in s ta l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t wh en changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and l a y i n g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g sta n da rd shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g equip m en t;
s e l e c t i n g s tan d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to b e used; and i n s t a l l i n g and
m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e qu ip m en t such as d r i v e s and
sp ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
Constr ucts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shap in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e rs tan d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e ta s k ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a ti n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ’ s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f i tti n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u ally a c q u ir e d th ro ugh f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
in c lu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .

STATIO N ARY ENGINEER

SH IPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

O p e r a t e s and m a i n ta i n s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on ditionin g. W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m ain ta in ing e q u ip m en t such as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b i n e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su m p tio n .
M a y als o s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are exclu d ed .

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m i n g s hip m en ts by c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q ua ntities un load ed a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s to r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r ot h e r r e c o r d s ; c heck ing f o r d a m a g e d g ood s ; in s u rin g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r routin g to d e p a rtm e n ts within the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e i v e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :
S h ip p e r
R eceiver
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R TE N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e d w i t h he at, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fuels to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e qu ip m en t.

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties wh ich r e q u i r e
an u ndersta nding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
d oc u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s tac k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m et h o d s ; 'r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipm en t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g dutie s.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D rives
a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r i n d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s such as: M a n u fa c t u rin g p la nts, f r e i g h t d e po ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tr u c k
w i t h o r w ith out h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in
good w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
r a t e d c a p a c i t y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

tru ck drivers

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a ti n g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe and

T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , under I V 2 tons, u s u a lly 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tru c k
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , 1 V2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , usually 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , us uall y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, t r a c to r -tr a ile r

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin i s h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , req u is itio n
ad d ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d duties.

S H IP P E R AN D R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l tasks in con nection w ith shipping
goods o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g in c o m i n g
s h ip m en ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine tas k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u i d e l i n e s . In handli ng unusual nonroutine p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d in a te the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling good s to be ship ped o r b e in g
received.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th e m
in shippin g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f con tainer
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f ship m en t. W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
ship ping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f stoc k in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p ro p ria t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n ta i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r ; and ap p ly in g la b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e exc lu d e d .

S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g i t e m s and q ua ntities
o f good s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in s t docum ents ; in s u r in g that s hip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w ith shipping i n f o r m a t i o n , and lo a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods ship ped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la d in g .




51

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LABORER

GUARD— Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and un load ing v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Guards e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c on tra ct b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is oc c u p atio n .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , guards a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C la ss A . E n f o r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s jud g m e nt and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e a l i n g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n te r e d .
D eterm in es w hether firs t
r e s p o n s e should be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (a s k i n g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h en d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p s itu a tio n un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situation so that it can be ha ndled b y a p p r o p r i a t e au t h o r ity .
Duties
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d tr a in in g in m e t h o d s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
areas.
C o m m o n l y , the guard is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e con tinuing p h y s i c a l
f i tn e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

PO W E R -TRU C K O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u fa c tu rin g plant , o r o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

ser­

C la s s B . C a r r i e s out i n s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u rin g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia t e au thority . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y on ly in situ atio ns w h ich
r e q u i r e m i n i m a l action to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l tr a in in g.
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s i c a l f i tn e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o rk lift op erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
Cleans and keep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r sc ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equipm en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g sup plies and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and cleanin g,
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w as h in g are e x c l u d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
or in terferen ce.
Duties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p os t, m a k in g rounds on
foo t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d e pu tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y also help v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s by a n s w e r i n g
questio ns and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




52

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e l o w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u pe rin te n de n t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e che cks payab le to Su perinte ndent of
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a ti o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u g h 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r eq u e st.

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1977__________________________________________
A lb a n y —Sch en ectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 --------------------A n a h e i m —Santa An a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a., M a y 1 9 77 -----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1977-----------------------------------------------B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u ly 1977 1 _____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 77 ------------------------------------------B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 ------------------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1977 1 --------------------------------------------------C h attan o og a, T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1977 ---------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—K y . —I n d . , July 1977 1 -----------------------------C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1977 1 --------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O hio, O c t. 1977._______________ _____________________
C orpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 -------------------------------------D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1977 ______________________ ____
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Is la n d — o l i n e , Iow a —111., F e b . 197 8_______
M
D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1--------------------------------------------------D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1--------------------------------------D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1 ---------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 77 _______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 -------------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1977 1 ________________________ ______ _________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u rg , S . C . , June 1977 ____________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A u g . 1977 1 ______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1978______________________________________
In d i a n a p o l i s , In d., O c t. 1 977____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1 9 77 ------- --------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977---------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind ., N o v . 1977 1
_______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977----------------------------




B u l l e ti n nu m b er
and p r i c e *
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
2025-6,
1950-71,
1950-43,
1950-74,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$ 1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$ 1.2 0
70 cents
$1.10
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
2025-4,
1950-56,
2025-1,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1 977__________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 1 _____________
N a s s a u ^ S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 1 ______________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N . C . , M a y 1977 _____________________________________ ___________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1977____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1977 1__________________________
O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , A u g . 1977 1 ____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O ct. 1977 1 ______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lif to n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a .—N . J . , N o v . 1977_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978 _____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977___________________________ _____ ___
P o r t l a n d , O r e g —W a s h . , M a y 1977 1___________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K ing s ton—N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I. —
M a s s . , June 1977 1 _____________________________________ ________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1977 ________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
Sa gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1977______________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g de n , Utah, N o v . 1977______________________
San A n to n i o , T e x . , M a y 1977 1_________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1 _________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ___________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 977____________________________________
S eattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D ec. 1977____________________________
South Ben d, Ind., A u g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , M a y 1977________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1977_______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1977 1 ________________________________
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 ______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 _________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 ______ ________ ______ _____ _________________

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
1950-14,
2025-2,
1950-27,
2025-7,
2025-5,
1950-31,

$1.00
$1 .10
$ 1.4 0
$1.00
$1.40
$1.00
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
2025-3,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
80 cents
$1.10
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to cnange.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

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Lab-441

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Arkansas
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VII
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IX
Arizona
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Illinois
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Ohio
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VIII
Colorado
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Region IV
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>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
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Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
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Regions IX and X

X
Alaska
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102