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_oL. O ■

1 50
^

-

19 .

Area
Wage
Survey

Seattle—Everett, Washington,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977

Bulletin 1950-12
U.S. Department of Labor




JUL 1 9 77

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a J an uary 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f its in the S e a t tl e —E v e r e t t ,
W a sh in g ton , Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e
as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as c on du cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . ,
under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f M i l t o n K e e n a n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s ­
s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w i t h ­
out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle tin .
Th e B u reau w ishes
to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a ti o n is in the pub lic d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




the B u r e a u
p ub li cation .

of

Labor

S tatistics

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

this

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
in th e S e a t tl e —E v e r e t t a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the h o s p it a ls (J a n u a r y 1976)
and n u rs in g h o m e s ( M a y 1976) in d u s t r i e s .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s of
union w a g e r a t e s f o r b uild in g t r a d e s , p r in tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a ti n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Seattle—Everett, Washington,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
June 1977

Contents

B -4.

Bulletin 1950-12

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.



Page

Page

B-5.

T ables:

B-6.

E ar n in g s , all es tab lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arn in g s o f o f f i c e

>
1
OJ

>
1
bJ

3

W e e k l y e arnings o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and techn ic a l w o r k e r s — —
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and

6

Ap p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.
Q

A-4.

H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and

A-5.

H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial

A-6.

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m ainte n ance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow erp la nt, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,

A-7.

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e

L0

u

13
h o u rly earn in gs,
e m plo ym en t

ad ju ste d fo r

sh ifts,

for

se-

l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s --------— -

B.

B-7.

Annual paid ho lid a ys f o r f u l l ­
tim e w o r k e r s --------------------------------18
P a i d v ac atio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------------------------- 19
Health , insuran ce, and pension
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ----------22
L i f e in s u ran ce plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------------------------ 23

14

E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and sup p le ­
m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s
f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d ty pists
and c l e r k s ----------------------------------- 15
B - 2 . L a t e shift pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e manufactu ring
plant w o r k e r s ----------------------------- 16
B - 3 . Sch eduled w e e k l y hours and
days o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------- 27
O ccupational d e s c r i p t i o n s ------------- 33

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h i c h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In for­
m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tion al and r e ­
g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s i n th e U n it e d S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A l a s k a
and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n ,
and ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la nt l o c a t i o n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n de r the S e r v i c e
C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - l t h ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in oc c u p a tio n s c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 t h r o u g h A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d p lant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c tu r in g
and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e no t p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g is t o o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
sepa rate p resentation .
This table p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e of w ag e tren d s a fte r
e l i m i n a t i o n o f chan ge s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t shifts
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in
s u rve y sam ples.
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
B - s e r i e s t a b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty p i s t s and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c tu r i n g ; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and d ay s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; h e alth, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans;
and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n on l i f e i n s u r a n c e plans.
Appendixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s used in the a r e a
wage survey program .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , on the a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r i n g , and on
labor-m anagem en t agreem en t coverage.
A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u r e a u
o m i s t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y occup ation.

field econ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in S e a ttle —Everett, W a s h ., January 1977
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earn in gs of—

s

s
90

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

s

*

$

S

S

3

%

S

s

S

i

s

S

S

$

S

S

100

HO

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260'

280

300

320

340

360

380

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

over

8
3
-

13
13
12
-

34
30
8
-

123
97
24
1

128
100
8
17

170
129
18
11

257
199
19
62

199
146
14
5

208
155
12
29

433
234
42
22

380
157
56
15

375
97
31
13

321
106
39
20

38
30
13
3

29
25
19
2

7
6
5

-

i
-

-

7
3
3
-

-

-

_

•
-

2
2
*

_

19
1
-

10
5
-

9
2
*

9
9
2

6
5
3

14
14
10

4
3
3

3
3
2

3
3
3

3
3
3

-

i
-

*

3
3
*

-

-

A3
39
-

43
38
9

32
32
10

66
48
*

48
35
11

72
32
4

167
25
11

24
22
7

11
9
7

3
3
2

4
-

.
-

“

-

35
1
34
15
9

8
5
3
3
-

13
1
12
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

9224
3
2

*
-

-

1
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

-

*

-

1
-

-

.
-

.
-

-

and
under
100

and

ALL WORKERS
2,731
1,535
323
200

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
211.50
199.50
220.00
199.50

$
210.00
194.00
224.50
192.00

$
$
178.50-2AA.So
170.50-225.50
178.50-257.00
172.50-220.00

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES -

86
53
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

234.00
252.50
288.50

215.50
253.50
276.00

187.00-276.00
220.00-276.00
276.00-314.50

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES -

520
290
61

39.5
39.0
40.0

238.50
221.00
247.00

247.50
201.53
242.00

201.00-273.50
18A.50-254.50
198.00-281.50

.
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE

409
82
387
108
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

210.00
203.00
211.50
227.50
207.50

201.50
205.00
201.50
233.50
192.50

180.50-234.00
1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 8 . 5C
186.50-234.50
179.50-260.50
172.50-2A4.00

_

-

-

•
-

.
-

_
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRAOE ------

894
452
99
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

206.50
188.50
195.50
189.00

208.00
182.00
211.00
172.50

17l.50-2A3.S0
161.50-211.00
161.50-218.50
172.50-206.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS E
NONMANUFACTURING — •
PUBLIC UTILITIES

744
335
29

40.0
40.0
40.0

196.50
170.50
158.50

201.00
164.00
150.00

163.50-227.00
151.00-189.50
130.00-165.00

517
308
109

40.0
40.0
40.0

193.50
193.50
227.50

190.00
186.50
225.50

171.00-218.50
155.50-235.00
202.00-261.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES

329
137
82

40.0
40.0
40.0

198.00
204.50
228.00

195.50
202.00
247.00

173.00-218.50
160.00-254.50
198.00-265.50

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING — —

188
171

40.0
40.0

185.00
184.50

179.50
171.00

1 5 5 . 5 0 - 2 2 0 . 0C
148.50-223.00

•

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

282
279
30

38.5
38.5
39.5

157.50
157.50
217.50

153.50
153.50
199.00

138.00-167.50
138.00-167.50
199.00-267.00

-

T Y P I S T S ------ ----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —

614
87
527

39.5
40.0
39.5

154.00
155.00
154.00

149.53
149.50
149.50

126.50-174.00
139.50-168.00
121.50-178.50

TYPISTS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

130
107

39.5
39.5

174.50
174.00

176.00
174.00

164.00-186.50
156.00-192.00

TYPISTS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

385

39.0
40.0
39.0

142.50
146.50
142.00

138.00
146.00
138.00

116.00-153.00
126.50-157.50
115.00-153.00

SECRETARIES — *--NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE

STENOGRAPHERS —
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

-

64

321

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

1
1
*

_
-

8
8
6
1

4
4
2
-

37
16
21
8
1

68
21
47
13
18

37
2
35
2
2

62
1
61
7

87
24
63
4
7

70
4
66
28
6

40
7
33
17
6

67
39
2
*

66
51
7
8

97
74
6
22

56
39
3
2

50
34
2
8

130
95
36
12

101
23
14
1

167
19
4
2

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

4
4
-

6
6
6
-

11
7
—

46
37
16
-

7
7
6

23
23
8

63
46
2

55
55
4

66
56
3

46
36
*

44
33
-

54
23
-

141
26
2

151
23
1

85
3
3

4
-

•
-

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

22
17
3

22
19
1

31
29
12

67
37
1

73
11
1

49
13
3

106
36
21

41
40
20

21
21
18

34
34
25

4
4
4

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

•
-

•
-

_
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

•
-

4
4

-

-

-

_
-

-

16
16

-

-

3
3
-

-

28
28
*

•

•
-

-

-

2
2
-

6
6
-

4
4
*

13
8
3

10
8
1

22
20
12

31
5
1

57
5
1

40
4
3

93
24
11

7
7
7

15
15
14

25
25
25

_

•
-

1
1

10
10

24
24

9
9

12
11

9
9

36
32

16
6

9
9

13
12

34
33

6
6

9
9

-

*

-

-

•

-

•

6

45
45

45
43

2
1

-

*

-

-

-

*

10
10
10

-

-

*

•

“

5
5
4

•

*

12
12
10

•

-

40
40
6

_

6

41
41

*

-

46
46

-

•

30
30

-

-

*

•
-

.
•

94

-

52
2
50

100
25
75

61
1
60

64
22
42

26
6
20

45
9
36

15
1
14

-

-

-

54

22

4

.
-

1
1

94

45
20
25

4

31

•
-

•
•
-

.
-

-

.
—
-

-

•

5

4

17
14

28
20

6
6

13
13

8
8

1
1

•

•

-

4

27
16

•

5

10
10

1

-

2
2

.

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

31

86

39
2
37

75
25
50

40
1
39

26
11
15

5

5

3

•

3

1

1
1

29

86

39
20
19

6

-

3

4

29

5

3

31

31

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

3

54

*
22

-

-

-

•

-

.

—

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings o f—
Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

s

$

A v e rage
w eekly

90
M ean 2

(standard)

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

S
100

S

$

$

110

120

130

S

i

$

140

150

160

S
170

S

S

S
180

190

S

S

S

S

240

260

220

260

280

8
8
8

•

•

•

•

*

1
1
1

-

2
2

1
1

-

8
8
8

280

S

S

200

300

320

S

$

340

360

an d

38o
and

u n d er

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

1
1

86
86

177
173
18

126
125

72
27

47
47
11

28
26
2

16
13

155
31
7

251
22
5

188
23
5

246
30
15

2
2

360

380

-

•

•

•

•

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

.
-

.

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
•
-

•
.

•
•
-

.

300

320

340

o ver

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

FILE CLERKS — ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S — ■
FILE CLERKS, CLASS At
NONMANUFACTURING -----—

1 ,4 04
615
76

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$

$

166.00
136.50
173.50

179.00
123.00
172.00

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

$

•

*

*

4

.
-

62

3 9 .5

182.00

186.50

1 7 4 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

-

6

1

-

6

11

12

15

10

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g — —

422
235

39 .0
3 8 .5

147.00
132.00

140.50
123.00

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

.
•

15
15

80
80

58
58

56
15

17
17

25
23

2
1

137
13

20
5

4
1

5
4

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING - ------ ----- -------— PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

325
316
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

131.50
131.50
175.50

119.50
118.50
176.00

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

1
1
-

71
71
-

94
90
10

68
67
-

10
6
-

29
29
5

3
3
2

6
6
4

7
7
7

5
5
5

7
7
S

16
16
15

•
-

-

--------------------------

266
225

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

142.50
140.50

135.00
135 .00

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

4
4

29
27

26
24

49
47

37
20

39
39

16
16

17
17

11
1

8
3

8
7

19
17

3
3

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------- -------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------—

169
151
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

158.50
152.00
178.00

142.50
142.53
185.50

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

-

•
-

11
10
-

4
-

10
9
6

-

-

15
15
-

-

19
5
3

14
14
10

1
1
-

.

-

35
35
-

2

-

45
45

-

13
13
12

SWITCHBOARD OPEKATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING------ ---------- -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TR A D E ---------- -------— ----- —

498
169
329
26
68

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

155.50
159.50
153.50
189.50
145.50

149.50
161.00
149.50
1 8 3 .SO
149.50

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -2 7 8 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

*

13
•
13
-

30
9
21
6
13

103
29
74
6
2

62
16
46
16

47
20
27
14

29
10
19
*

so
23
27
12

80
44
36
4

40
2
38
3
2

5
5
-

14
1
13
2
2

15
14
1
1

3
1
2
2

•
•
•

7
•
7
7

•
-

ORDER C LE R K S --------------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING--------------— ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -------- -----------------

341
130
211

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

196.00
180.50
206 .0 0

172.50
172.50
176.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 - 1 9 0 .CO
1 5 6 .5 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

.
-

2
2

14
5
9

19
4
15

29
29

61
31
30

47
27
20

18
16
2

12
10
2

21
13
8

68
8
60

12
3
9

-

•

•

16

10
3
7

•

-

12
10
2

16

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- -------- --------

148
117

4 0 .0 229 .5 0 2 47 .50
4 0 .0 2 38 .50 2 7 4 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 7 4 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

_

•

-

•

•

«

-

22
22

28
11

8

*

1
1

-

-

-

9
9

8
5

60
60

12
9

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS B ------ — —
MANUFACTURING------ -—
NONMANUFACTURING---------------------- -

193
99
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

170.50 164.50
176.00 167.00
16S.00 154.50

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

2

.

7

2

8

-

-

-

8

-

-

•

-

28

8

2

12
10
2

21
13

2

19
10
9

10

-

19
4
15

39
31

-

14
5
9

28

•

12
10
2

8

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

.

189
5
184
7
34

370
84
286
12
89

253
24
229
37
69

368
52
316
34
60

431
343
22
146

214
19
195
42
35

151
32
119
42
42

98
32
66
46
3

228
56
172
95
42

368
50
318
248
37

45
10
35
22
12

58
10
48
48

55
32
23
21
2

22
1
21
2
-

245
15
230
106

152
11
141
24

115
29
86
32

64
21
43
2

123
29
94
11

305
36
269
13

33
5
28
10

52
6
46

53
30
23
2

22
1
21

184
71
113
13
40

60
6
54
19
11

34
1
33
9
10

34
11
23
21
1

105
27
78
44
31

63
14
49
4
24

12
5
7
5
2

6
4
2
2

2
2

-

-

nonm An u f a c t u r i n g

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING-------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

2 ,8 9 5
503
2 ,3 9 2
678
578

3 9 .5 176.00 164.50
4 0 .0 187.50 167.50
3 9 .5 173.50 161.50
4 0 .0 2 0 9 .0 0 2 22 .50
4 0 .0 165.50 161.50

1 4 6 .0 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1 ,4 16
189
1,227
218

4 0 .0 196.50 185.00
4 0 .0 2 23 .50 2 12 .00
4 0 .0 192.50 179.00
4 0 .0 178.00 167.00

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0 -2 3 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------- ----NONMANUFACTURING ------ —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1,441
280
1,161
156
360

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

156.50
166.50
154.00
186.00
158.00

149.50
161.00
147.50
182.00
149.50

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

•

12

30

45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

30

*

-

-

45
10

160
1
159
4

204
24
180
18
59

182
25
157
14
56

.
-

-

40
3
37

-

-

-

*

-

7

-

-

1
.See footnotes at end of tables.




-

*

40
3
37

_

-

4

4
177
5
172
1
30

*

338
82
256
6
89

88

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

3
3

•

1
1

-

-

•

•

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

i
i
-

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

•

i
•

-

-

-

-

i

•

•
•

-

•

•

•

•

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
s

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

s

S
90

s

$

s

S

$

$

S

i

S

4

s

10 0

11 0

120

13 0

14 0

15 0

16 0

170

180

19 0

200

220

no

12 0

13 0

14 0

15 0

160

17 0

18 0

190

200

220

240

s

S

S

240

260

260

280

280

S
300

s
320

100

300

32Q

340

WORKERS-—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

161.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
154.00
154.00

8

20
145.00-154.00
16

73

39.0

183*50

160.50

40.0
40.0

197.50
223.00

190.00
207.50

16

142.00-222.50

185
67

1 6 6 . 0 0 - 2 2 5 . CO
192.50-234.00

12

12

16

10

26

1

11

g

12

OJ

18

i

22
17

21
13

15

Jj
X^X
K t 1 A XL. Ii.XUC

*

Xj " * 5 v ” X i

76
72
KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS.

CLASS

B ------

40.0

213.00

214.50

190.00-253.50

948

39.5

157.50

159.00
155.00

142.00-167.00

6

6
76

25

96

166

118

1K A U u

"

164.50

158.50-173.50

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




341

40

3

12

11

22

27

36

18

2

11

27

32
15
15

8
18

K t 1A I L

S
360

380

and

ALL

$

S
340

and
under

5

1

2

2

360

380

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
^ ^ ^ e e k l^ T a r n in g ^ ^ ™
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

M ea n 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

Under

s
^4 0

$

$
14 0

15 0

S

$
16 0

170

S

$
18 0

19 0

S
200

S
210

$
220

S

S
240

260

s

S
280

300

S
320

S

$

$
340

360

380

S

S
400

420

and
under
150

440

and
16 0

17 0

18 0

19 0

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

over

30

44

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

644
57
587

39.0
40.0
39.0

$
327.50
339.00
326.50

$
324.50
345.00
318.00

$
$
280.00-364.00
345.00-364.00
278.50-365.50

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )** CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

235
19 0

39.5
39.0

347.50
345.50

341.00
335.00

322.50-355.00
317.00-355.00

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B — —
NONMANUFACTURING

266
254

39.0
38.5

314.50
316.00

293.50
297.50

268.50-343.50
271.50-362.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

143
143

38.5
38.5

318.50
318.50

333.50
333.50

249.00-901.50
249.00-401.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

456
365

39.0
39.0

273.50
275.00

273.50
273.50

230.00-320.00
230.00-320.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S )•
CLASS A ----------------------------------- 1----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

95
85

39.5
39.0

298.00
297.00

283.50
283.00

273.50-326.50
273.50-326.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING ----

261
218

39.0
39.0

278.50
275.00

288.00
272.50

230.00-322.00
227.00-322.00

*

*

*

*

*

1
1

11
7

6
6

25
25

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

96
58

39.0
38.5

234.50
242.00

227.00
211.50

191.50-265.00
184.00-317.50

*

-

-

1
1

13
13

8
8

4
4

3
3

718
80
638

39.5
40.0
39.5

220.50
211.00
221.50

215.00
187.00
218.50

184.00-298.50
182.00-266.50
188.50-247.00

28

20
-

41

28

a

4

20

9
9

20

33

24

82
24
58

63
63

188
170

39.0
39.0

258.50
256.00

259.00
248.50

225.00-287.50
222.00-290.00

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

•

11
11

-

8
8
-

2
2
-

37
29
2

19
19
4

1
1

18
18

4
4

5

17
17

25
15

COMPUTER OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING — —
NONMANUFACTURING COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

-

-

-

*

-

*

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

•

84
2
82

70
25
45

60
19
41

13
1
12

56
-

79

56

1
1

50
50

*

*

*

4
4

12
12

39
39

59
59

65
40

29
10

3
2

6
6

*

18
18

29
29

51
43

48
46

36
36

14
12

2
2

13
13

8
8

11
11

1
1

*32
32

39
39

*

-

1
*

•

-

.

*

*

*

a

11
11

9
9

15
15

13
13

10
10

4
4

11
11

3
3

18
18

2
2

1
1

.

8
8

13
13

9
9

15
11

9
9

44
27

63
40

25
25

63
59

64
46

39
35

67
47

15
IS

27
27

1
1

*

•

-

*

•

«

•

-

-

•

6
6

37
33

16
15

7
3

20
20

3
3

4
4

1
1

*

41
39

19
19

21
21

42
25

20
20

40
20

12
12

23
23

*

18
1

22
1

*

4
4

4
4

12
12

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
7
32

84
2
82

76
3
73

106
3
103

49
1
48

52
20
32

41
41

•

•

•
•

•

•
-

•
•

•
•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
5

21
21

15
15

38
37

29
29

33
16

31
31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
41
3

33
33
2

29
22
18

58
56
8

47
45
4

49
48

7
4

4

2
1
-

-

10
10
10

6
6

25
25

5
5

5
5

14
13

19
18

18
18

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

120
1
1

36
13

58
10
3

213
15
2

202
35
11

146
25
2

245
37
7

229
23
2

46
4
3

20
1

12
1
1

2
-

-

-

6

9

20

23

1

1

1

-

183.00-230.00
183.00-230.00
207.50-234.00

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING------------ —

160
ISO

39.5
39.5

204.00
207.00

192.00
192.00

154.50-253.50
157.00-256.50

**28
20

1.396
203
33

40.0
40.0
40.0

259.00
245.50
267.50

260.00
251.50
248.50

221.50-297.00
2 0 8 . 0 0 - 2 9 0 . SO
248.50-295.00

_
-

-

3
3

*

*

*

*

*

22
3
1

61

40.0

290.50

291.50

280.00-306.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1 a t $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; and 27 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




70
2
68

“

209.00
214.00
209.00

W o r k e r s w e re at $ 4 4 0 to $ 4 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :

44

*

39. S 2 0 8 . 0 0
39.5 210.00
38.5 226.00

*
**

30

68
8
60

79

-

*

*

366
318
55

DRAFTERS. CLASS At
NONMANUFACTURING ~

11
11

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING — •
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

D RAFTERS-------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -<
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

8

a

21
21

-

6

5

-

-

*

1
*

m

•

*

•

_

•

•

.

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

•

-

-

-

•
•

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
$

14 0
M ean2

M edian ^

M iddle range 2

U n der
and
S
under
14 0
15 0

<1
J
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
S

$

$

16 0

17 0

J

J
180

19 0

S
200

s

$

210

220

260

S

S

i

$

240

280

300

S

$

320

340

S

S

s

360

38 0

400

s
420

440

and

1

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

O'
o

^ ^ ^ W e e k l^ T a rn in g ^ ^ ™
(standard)
A vera ge
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

170

18 0

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

7
3
4

44
34
10

192
179
13
-

17
7

-

3

43
27
16
2

26

-

91
63
28
10

11
11

6

25
25

16
10

12
6

1

50
39

320

340

360

380

400

420

440 over

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
DRAFTERS

-

CONTINUED
$

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 3 --------- --------- ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

423
325

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:

•
-

•

-

-

5
2

6
3

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

5
4
1
1

-

1
1

3
3

12
12

3
3

11
11

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES

---------—

136.50
233.00
246.50
264.00

229.00
226.00
248.50
248.50

221.50-250.00
221.50-247.50
220.00-270.00
248.50-295.00

196
129

40.0
40.0

273.50
243.00

277.50
233.00

228.50-308.00
2 0 3 . 0 0 - 3 0 3 . 5o

56

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S BM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --------- ------------------------

27

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

40.0

337.00

103
80

40.0
40.0

267.50
262.00

277.50
243.50

230.50-305.00
230.50-305.00

•
-

-

51

40.0

270.00

279.00

238.53-279.00

*

*

98

-

-

1
1
-

3
-

-

-

-

*

-

•

~

7

_
-

-

10
10

6
6

24
24

8

5

1

8

2

•

•

-

-

1

26

-

49
38

4

2

6

26

•

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

•

18

-

2

24

2

•
-

_

3
3

0
•

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




6

9

-

1

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffice, professional, and tech n ical w orkers, by sex.
in S e a ttle —E verett, W a s h ., January 1977
Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
heurs 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

MEN

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
c.

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

„ „ ,_rk . -wr.i-i s
~

• D \J
1

Tr

i J

1J ? uLAo j D

"

"""

?, -

" "

CONTINUED

304

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

4 0 .0

r ILL

39.0

153 .00

3 9 .5
39 .0

165.50
135.50

81

39 .0

m

3 9 .5

180.50

69

39 .0

181.00

L L L K fSj y

CLA j j

o

■ " " "

m

-

M

/ A

145 . 50

J c t N L 1A ” l t d v

vLAj j

B

1 “ mm mm
—
m

2 3 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 251 .50
4 0 .0 2 88 .50
r

" " " "

286

39.0
#_

/X

A A *n

HAnUr A t 1UK1NO
52
26

. s o

vLA^^

2 02 .00
199.50

56

56

*TtL

1.360

143.00

1 .3 54
595

WOMEN

3 9 .0

' o o

320
311
69
159

238 .00
2 20 .50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .5

61

131.50
131.50

4 0 .0 2 1 5 .5 0

1 lb . J j

1 * 354

154.50
K t I A 1L

.

1K A U L

3 9 .5

165 .50

4 0 .0

1 1*®

H L 1A I L
i L L f ' t 1 Arc

1H A U L
vL Ab b

165
329

4 0 .0 2 0 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 1 4 .0 0
W t 1A l i .

162.0V

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

266

4 0 .0

. -

v*

„

190
172.00
158.50

kiLLH M f

v

LAj O

A

*

-----------------------------

190 . 5 J
168.50

144
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

160.50
162.00

2 ,5 8 5

0R0ER CLERKS. CLASS B

-

—

-------

162.50

4 0 .0 3 39 .00

77

Kt r i A I L

39 .0 3 02 .00
39.6

1

3 9 .5

174.50

OCCUPATIONS

-

MEN

«
H t 1A I L

t y p is t s

4 0 .0

™ mm
m

1

AUL

165.50

m

161
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e

180 .00
179.00

163.50

UnUC"

305
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

57

156.00
153.50

11 A U L
C

209. 5J

U

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

565
520
51

78
334

4 0 .0

188.00
188.00

1,261

4 0 .0

193.00

271

3 8 .5

153.50

1,089

3 9 .5

189.00
178.00

A IL

1 HA

447
150
A«

102

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

211 .0 0

1 ft A U( .

176.50
84

See footnotes at end of tables.




258

40 • 0 184.50

8

3 9 .0

170.50
170.00

w n r U 1L H

U r L “ A 1U K b

f

ULAu j U

86

3 9 .5 2 15 .50

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and technical w o rke rs , by sex.
in S e a ttle —E verett, W a s h ., January 1977— Continued
Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woricen

W eekly
Ho u r 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
■■■■
■■■
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

1*254

4 0 .0

2 6 1 .5 0

26

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .5 0

DRAFTERS

-

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

- MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER

CONTINUED

176

4 0 .0

--------------------------

176

4 0 .0

2 6 7 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B-

103
80

4 0 .0

2 6 7 .5 0

OPERATORS,

CLASS

L

------------------------------------

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS

DRAFTERS* CLASS At
NUNHANUr AvTUKIriv
DRAFTERS* CLASS B
MANU* AC 1UK JLN
U
N0NMANUFACTURIN6

-------------------------------------------- --------- — —

—

376
89

4 0 .0

2 3 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




----------------

192 .00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C

9

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

67
59

3 9 .5

189.00

51

4 0 .0 270 .00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

A v erage
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
woikers

--------------

3^*5

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 4

S

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

Mean *

Medi an*

Middle range *

U nder
5 .2 0

S

$

$

$

$

$

S

S

i

S

S

S

S

S

s

S

S

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

5 .4 0

L

S

5 .2 0

N

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 t 6p

7 .8 0

a .o o

8 .2 0

8 • 60

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0 0

-

-

-

“

4

17

-

-

-

5

*

1 ---------- 1---------- 1 ------9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

and
under

ALL WORKERS
150

$
7 .6 2

$
7 .4 7

$
7 .4 3 -

$
8 .3 1

-

-

112

7 .6 6

7 .4 3

7 .4 3 -

8 .3 1

-

-

362

7 .8 9

7 .6 5

7 .5 1 -

8 .1 3

10

8

48

318

7 .6 9

7 .6 5

7 .5 1 -

7 .6 5

10

2

48

«-

73

7 .8 2

7 .4 3

7 .4 3 -

8 .4 9

1

-

40

2

-

-

10

m a in t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s —
m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------

174

5

18

37

24

.

32

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS —
MANUFACTURING -------------MAINTENANCE e l e c t r i c i a n s •
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------m a in t e n a n c e

p a in t e r s

—

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING----------- ---------- -------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) --------------- -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- ----- -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

-

-

8 .0 2
8 .0 5

7 .8 6

7 .5 1 -

7 .8 9

7 .6 5 -

8 .4 9

-

7 .5 1
7 .5 1

7 .0 8 7 .1 6 -

7 .6 5
7 .6 5

13

612

7 .4 0
7 .4 5

570

7 .8 7

7 .6 5

7 .4 8 -

8 .5 2

169

7 .9 3

7 .6 5

7 .3 3 -

165

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

48

*

*

*

8 .3 1

•

4
-

1
-

•

2
-

1

1
-

2

57

3

-

-

53

—

-

-

-

2

57

3

-

*

33

-

*

-

*

.

49

5

33

49

150
150

2

-

1

5

33

10
10

22
10

-

16

-

-

-

14

19

2

-

23

_

40

*

23

5

9

37

24

-

32

14

19

2

116

38

126

139

3

46

61

16

1

•

116

37

126

139

*

46

59

16

*

*

*

7
-

32

150

62

15

18

.

20

40

2

-

24

26

24

124

38

3

•

17

9

36

115

2

95

7 .8 5

7 .8 6

7 «4 8 —

8 .5 2

-

4

1

2

1

19

-

20

24

9

7 .9 9

8 .2 6

7 .4 8 -

8 .6 1

-

4

1

-

2

1

-

-

1

24

9

-

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS — — —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

130
115

6 .4 7

6 .3 2

6 .3 2 -

6 .5 8

4

-

-

•

27

2

_

_

6 .3 2

6 .3 2 -

6 .5 8

4

12
8

53

6 .4 2

5
5

53

26

*

•

*

27
19

STATIONARY EN G INE ERS------------ --------—
MANUFACTURING -------- ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------- ------

194

7 .7 7

-

-

-

8

3

93

7 .6 7

7 .4 *.

-

•

1

36
-

101

7 .8 S

7 .8 3

8

2

36

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------- — --------

80
78

6 .9 7

6 .8 9

9

2

-

6 .9 8

7 .1 4

9

2

See fo o tn o te s

7 .4 3 -

8 .7 2
7 .7 7

-

-

7 .0 0 -

8 .7 2

*

*

6 .3 3 6 .2 8 -

7 .5 7

-

7 .5 7

-

1
-

*

-

-

1
1

*

1

-

3

25

2

3

25

at end o f ta b le s .




10

2

-

23
-

300

7 .1 8 -

-

-

19
-

-

-

-

10
4

401

7 .4 4

3

8

24
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

48

13

-

12
12

2

•

-

-

8 .4 8

665

-

-

7

12

no

60

15

18
-

-

12

76

60

15

-

-

_

-

•

_

-

*

*

*

-

-

*

-

65

1

4

9

49

-

4

-

3

64

9

-

4

8

-

-

1

1

*

1

*

1

49

“

-

-

4

31

-

-

4

-

-

•

.

4

31

.

*

4

9

*

-

“

.

-

-

*

4

-

-

-

.

.

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
Hourly ea mings
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f---

s
2 .3 0
Mean 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

S
2 .5 0

r
2 .7 0

s
2 .9 o

S
3 .1 0

S

S

s

3 .3 0

3 .5 0

3 .7 0

5
3 .9 0

3 -------- T
5
<► 3 0 4 . 7 0 5 . 1 0
.

5 .5 0

S
5 .9 0

$-------- "5-------- 1 -------- S
1 -------- s
i —
~5-------6 .3 0 6 .7 0 7 .1 0 7 .5 0 7 .9 0 8 .3 0 8 .7 0 9 .1 0 9 .5 0

2 .7 0

2 .9 0

3 .1 0

3 .3 o

3 .5 0

3 .7 0

3 .9 o

4 .3 0

4 . 70

5 .9 0

6 .3 0

6 .7 fl

S

and
under
2 .5 0

5 .1 0

5 .5 0

7 .1 0

7 .5 0

7 .9 0

8 .3 0

8 .7 0

140

711

478

349

309
1

448

9 .1 0

9 .5 0

9 .9 0

ALL WORKERS
$
2 .8 1 4

$

$

$

7 .8 1

8

3
■

1

m
*^*^*^^

1

TRUCKDRIVERS# MEOIUN TRUCK -------- —

257
98

7 .7 2
8 .3 6

7 .8 2
8 .5 6

7 .8 2 -

8

8 .5 6

2

10

9

10

4

81

133

6 . 9 9 - * 9 .7 1
6 .8 1 — 9 .7 1

50
^00

NONMANUFACTURING:
7 .8 2 -

TRUCKORIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER ------

1 .4 9 4
1 .1 3 3

7 .7 5
7 .7 6
7 .7 5

7 .8 2

7 .9 1

6 .9 2 -

7 .9 1

4

451

78

260

364

80

180

362

177
39
138

94

8

57

8

8

1
5 .2 5 -

WwTWA

1IIW1/b

5 .5 8 -

i

8 .2 1

7 .1 8

238

6 .4 6

13

6 .5 3

5 .3 5 -

6 .8 8

1

8

6^60

237

K t i A IL

JO

13

27

® ®

5 .8 0 -

6 .8 6

1

54

67

36

8

18

64

24

47

21

19

114

37

24

1KAUL
53

WCTw A»

g

A UL

MANUFACTURING---------------- ---------- ----------

273
98

5 .7 9
4 .6 6

5 .9 7
5 .1 7

LAuUKLnj

"

23
23

2

2

5 .9 7

6 is 5 -

nA N U L lN v

5 .9 5

5 .8 0 -

H A 1t n l A L

3 .1 2 -

7 .8 2

11
11

41

i

14

40
34

1

3

8
0

"

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




1
1

11

34

32
32

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

S
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

2.30
Mean 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

-5-----1 -----1 ----- S
2.50 2.70 2.90 3.10

1

3.30

1 ----- S
1 ----- $ -----“5----- s —
1 ----- S
------ s—
3 . 5 0 3 . 7 0 3 . 9 0 A . 30 A . 70 5 . 1 0 5 . 5 0 5 . 9 0 6 . 3 0 6 . 7 0

3.50

3.70

3.90

-

-

S

1 ----- 1 -----1 ----- “5----- 5---7.90 8.30 8.70 9.10 9.50

S

S

7.10

7.50

7.50

7 t 9Q

8.30

17 0
108
62

17

60

a

_

-

-

and
under
2.50

2. V )

2.90

3.10

3.30

-

—

A . 30

A . 70

5.10

5.50

5.90

6.30

6.70

7.10

•

62
5A

8.70

9.10

9.50

9.90

60

52
16
36

26
26

-

-

•

-

-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
$

$

$

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------ ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

999
73A
265
62

6.81
6.71
7.06
7.80

6.67
6.57
7.82
7.82

6.176.17A . 39-

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER T H A N F O R K L I F T ) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- -------------

107
99

6.A5
6.33

6.57
6.32

6.176.17-

6.57

1.65A

2.90

2 . A0

2 . 3 3-

2.A8

1279

10A

11

6

27

5

A

3

1A

1

8

1.591

2.79

2.A3

2.33-

2.A8

1279

10A

11

6

26

A

2

1

10

1

3.006
609
2,397
5A
161

A.A9
5.3a
A . 28
5.85
5.00

A . 28
5.73
A . 28
5.97
A . 25

A . 03A . 80A . 005.523.89-

A . 39
6.1A
A.3b
6.37
5.95

29
23
6

21

-

1158
A7
1111
6
31

GUARDS*

C L A S S B ----------------

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEA N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ — --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -------- --P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------

7 .7 6 -

$
7.50
6.81
8.38
7.82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

6

-

12
9

9

21

3

83
6
77

236
39
197

6

A

2

1

3A

9

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




-

12

88

•
-

-

27
27

200
200

-

-

-

-

297
295
2

2
2

-

-

6
6

A1
A1

50
50

11

8

6

159

-

-

6

A

811
16
793

100

2

12

37
15
22
6
12

163
1A 0
23
1A
9

279
267
12
7
A

A5
6
39
19
20

•

137

8
80

39

61
-

8

—
-

17
-

3

3

2

2

7

11

-

-

7

11

-

•

—

-

•

2
2

-

-

-

•

•

7

11

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
Sex,

3

Number
of
workers

occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

A v erage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

earnings4

m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

* W XM 1L

W1V W » W X N 1
V

Average
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AN0 CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
134
112

n A X It I L r l R r l v t

Number
of
workers

$
7 .6 6

_

6 .8 1

70

:1

111N 1 ^ 1

jn X r r t i 'J

ANU

K L v L XV t K j

u *""‘ " " •

" "" ■

_

546

7 .8 5
Xw

1 1. A U w

1

1 M A U I.

*

*®

401
6 . 88
11 X I. VL. *, Wl, V
W
^

V11M w Vi

111. L 1 ^ 1
'

K W A X«

SHIPPING PACKERS:
101

7 .8 5

80

6 .9 7
0 .9 0

6 • 86
7 .4 3
9*30
733

6 .7 1

62

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

7.8 0

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

1.560
K L 1n 1 L

2 .9 3
1 ,9 94
498

1K X U L

84
r iL U IU n

I KU v™

—

®

®

"

98

8 .3 6
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
ORDER F ILLE R S :

NONMANUFACTURING S

TRUCKDRIVERSt TRACTOR-TRAILER —

i- ,

5 .7 6
1 A X I I . A U l.

1K U C U K X V t K i f

.

7 .7 5

N U N H A l iU r A v 1 U K i N u

See footnotes at end of tables.

13




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., for selected periods
January 1972
to
January 1973

Industry and occupational group 5

A ll in du stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E lec tro n ic data p rocessin g
Industrial nurses
S killed maintenance tra des
U nskilled plant w o rk ers _
Manufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l _
........
E lec tro n ic data p rocessin g
Industrial n u r s e s .......
S k illed m aintenance tra d es
U nskilled plant w ork ers
Nonmanufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E lec tro n ic data p roce ssin g
Industrial nurses
U nskilled plant w o rk ers

__
_

_

_ __ __

.
_

_

^ _
_ _
_ ___

__

January 1973
to
January 1974

January 1974
to
January 1975

January 1975
to
January 1976

January 1976
to
January 1977

4.8
( 6)
( 6)
7.2
8.3

6.6
( 6)
( 6)
7.0
6.5

9.4
10.8
12.4
11.6
( 6)

9.1
8.0
10.1
11.0
8.5

8.1
7.4
7.1
8.1
7.1

7.7
( 6)
( 6)
6.8
6.8

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
6.4
8.9

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
11.7
10.9

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
11.5
12.0

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
9.2
9.2

3.5
( 6)
( 6)
9.0

6.4
( 6)
( 6)
5.5

8.3
11.3
( 6)
( 6)

8.7
7.9
( 6)
7.0

8.3
7.1
( 6)
6.4

14

B. E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
In experien ced typ LStS
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 7

A ll
industries

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 8
Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 9 o f---

M anufacturing

iiiuiibii ies
A ll
schedules

ESTABLISHMENTS s t u d ie d —

'■

196

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 9 of—

A ll

40

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

56

XXX

140

XXX

196

56

38

27

77

14

40

...

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

140

XXX

14

63

50

7

1
1
1

•
1

2
2
1
2
3

2
1
1
1
-

1
3

1
1
3

1
-

1
-

1
*

-

•37 Vs

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPFCIFIED
47
UNDER $95 .0 0 -----------------$ 95 .00 AND UNDER $ 9 7 .5 0 •
$ 97 .50 AND UNDER $100.00
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER $10 5.00
UNDER $11 0.00
UNDER $11 5.00
UNDER $12 0.00
UNDER $125.00
UNDER $130.00
UNDER $135.00
UNDER $14 0.00
UNDER $145.00
UNDER $150.00
UNDER $155.00
UNDER $16 0.00
UNDER $16 5.00
UNDER $170.00
UNDER $17 5.00
UNDER $18 0.00
UNDER $18 5.00
UNDER $19 0.00
UNDER $195.00
UNDER $200.00
UNDER $20 5.00
UNDER $210.00
UNDER $ 21 5.00
UNDER $22 0.00
UNDER $22 5.00
UNDER $ 23 0.00
UNOER $23 5.00
UNDER $240.00
O V E R --------------

9
—
-

1
1

1
-

1
1
2

—

-

•
1
1
1
1
1
•
1

3
2
2
10
2
2
1
2
2
2
1

2
2
2

2

3
3
3
11
3
3
1
2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1
1
•
•
1

2
1
3

2

1
1
-

1
-

•
1
*

-

_
—
“

1
1
2

1
1
2
1
1
2
•
1
1

1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1

11
11

8
6

4

4

1
2
1
2
2
2
1

12
12
6
9
6
4
•
2
2
2
4

2
1
1

1
1
1

4
1
4

2
1

2
—
1

1
*

1
-

1
•
1

1

1

4

8
5
2
2
1
2
3
1 (V
J

$100*00
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$11 0.00
$ 11 5.00
$ 1 2 0.00
$ 1 2 5.00
$ 1 3 0.00
$13 5.00
$14 0.00
$14 5.00
$150*00
$ 1 5 5.00
$16 0.00
$16 5.00
$ 1 7 0.00
$17 5.00
$ 18 0.00
$18 5.00
$190.00
$19 5.00
$200.00
$205.00
$210.00
$215.00
$220.00
$22 5.00
$230.00
$23 5.00
$240.00

1
—
1

9
—
-

7
4

1

-

1

-

1

"

-

1

-

’

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

1
*

1
*

-

-

*

1
*

•

*

1

*

~

1

1

*

52

21

XXX

31

XXX

67

27

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

97

26

XXX

71

XXX

52

15

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

•

-

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY------- — -----

See footnotes at end of tables.




15




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
^ A l l ^ u l l -^ m ie jr r ia n u f a c U ir in ^ ^ I a n t ^ o r k e ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ O ^ e r c e n t ^

A ll workers 1
0

Workers on late shifts

Item
Second shift

Third shift

Second shift

Third shift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h l a t e SHIFT PROVISIONS --------

8 9 .4

8 2 .0

17 .8

4 .4

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL --------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ---------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL ---------------------------------------------------

8 9 .4
6 8 .7
1 .6
19 .2

8 2 .0
2 7 .7
1 .6
5 2 .7

17 .8
13.9
.1
3 .8

4 .4
2 .6

2 0 .9
10.0

2 2 .6
15 .0

2 0 .5
10.0

2 4 .2
-

3 .6
1 .2
3 .0
4 ,5
.4
1 .3
3 .3
3 .5
1 .9
1 .9
3 .0

.1
3 .2
1 .3
.
.3
.8
.
.8
7 .3

35 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------36 CENTS
-----------------------------------

1 .6
13 .3
5 .2
•
1 .2
5 .3
7 .1
34.1
.8
-

•
.1
(1 1 )
.2
.2
(1 1 )
.1
.7
.8
.2
.1
.2

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
10 PERCENT -----------------------------------------------------------15 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------

1 .6
-

•
1 .6

.1
-

OTHER DIFFERENTIAL:
FULL DAY'S PAY FOR REDUCED HOURS --------------------------

3 .2

3 .9

FULL DAY'S PAY FOR DEDUCED HOURS PLUS CENTS-----FULL DAY'S PAY FOR REDUCED HOURS PLUS PERCENT—

6 .5
6 .7

4 0 .2
6 .7

1.0
1.7
.7

1 .8

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -----------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM
10
12
15
17
18
20

CENTS-PER-HOUR:
C E N T S ------ --------------------------------------------------------AND UNDER 13 CENTS ---------------------------------------C E N T S --------------- --------------- — - - — --------------------CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------ANO UNDER 19 CENTS ---------------------------------------AND UNDER 21 CENTS ----------------------------------------

— ----------- 2 * C E N T S ------ - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 CENTS
30 CENTS
--------------------- -— - — - -

See footn otes at end o f tables.

16

-

(ID

•
-

. 1
1 .5
.1

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
P la n t w o rk ers
Item
A ll industries

M anuf ac tu r in g

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
Pu b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

Pu b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

PERCENT OF WORKERS RY SCHEDULEO
WEEKLY bOURS AND DAYS
ALL FULL-TIHE WORKERS

j?

----------------------

lo o

lo o

lo o

100

loo

QJyr

J
_
JO

J / *♦

JO

nUUK j * j

J / *(

3

U « Tj

—

U A Tj

.
li t '

W°0AYSJ L
J
*♦ C

UA Tj

“

n v U ''J * 3

_ I

nn

* * “ * " * " * "

U n TJ

—

mmm

* * sa

1

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS

See footnote at end o f tables.




17

100

100

100

100

100

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
P la n t w ork ers
Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o rk ers
Pu b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

100

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
100

100

100

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -------------------

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAIC H O LID A Y S ---------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAIC HOLIOAYS -----------------------------------

4

•

8

-

11

1

-

1

-

•

96

100

92

lo o

89

99

100

99

100

100

9 .0

9 .9

8.1

9 .9

7 .5

9 .5

10 .6

9 .0

9 .5

7 .9

-

-

-

2
7
3

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS --------------- ---------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIOAYS PROVIDED
7
1
3
L
5
6

HALF DAYS — * —
«•—
—— —— — —
HOLIOAY
■ ■- - - - - - - - - HOLIDAYS
H O L IO A Y S -------------------------------------------H O L ID A Y S ----------------------------------------H O L ID A Y S ----------- ------- - - - - - - - - - - - - PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ------ --------------------7 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS I HALF DAY -----------------------------PLUS A HALF D A Y S ---------------------------8 H O L ID A Y S ------------------------ — ---------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------------------PLUS 2 HALF D A Y S -------------------- ■
-----9 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------10 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ------------------------------11 HOLIOAYS
12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------13 H O L ID A Y S ----------- -----------------------------------

(1 2 )
1
2
2
(1 2 )

.

•
•
_

-

(1 2 )
1
4
4
1

-

-

-

15
32
31

-

7
14

2
15
(1 2 )
22
18
(1 2 )
20

57

•
lo

-

-

5

22

-

29

-

-

1
12
(1 2 )
20
1
14
(1 2 )
21

*

*

*

9
•
•
18
2
9
-

23

-

11
10
-

-

-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
10
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
16
1
(1 2 )
29
1
14
3
3
21
1

.
15
*
6
2
”

3
10
*

4
60
*

-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1
8
1
(1 2 )
21
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
41
1
15
*
3
2
1

-

-

•
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

4
1

29

21
“

38
“

13

29

53

*
*

*

11
-

*
*

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDEO1
3
1 DAY OR MORE -----------------------------------------3 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------4 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE ----------------- ------- ------- ------7 DAYS OR MORE ------------------- ------------- ------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------- -— ------- ------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE --------------- --------- ------9 DAYS OR MORE ----------------- — ----- ------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ----------- --------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE --------------- ----------- — ------12 DAYS OR MORE ----------------- — — ----- ------13 D A Y S ----------- * -----------------------------------------

96
95
93
91
90
77
57
56
42
42
21
14

39

92
91
87
83
82
66
44
44
26
26
5

29

-

100
100
100
100
100
91
73
70
61
61

89
87
80
77
77
62
31
31

100
100
loo

100
loo

100
89
89
79
79
22

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




18

99
99
99
99
99
88
71
71
42
41
28
22
1

100
100
100
100
100
85
79
77
74
74
64
60

99
99
99
99
9e
89
68
6e
26
25
10
3
1

100
100
100
100
100
99
78
78
64
64
11

100
99
99
99
95
67
29
29

*

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
P la n t w o rk ers
Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

Pu b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKFRS ------------— —

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAIC VA C A TIO N S -------- — — ----------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID V A C A TIO N S -------- ------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ---------- ------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------------OTHER PAYMENT ---------------------------------

3

1

A

-

6

(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )

•

-

97
90
7
(1 2 )

99
88
11
1

96
93
3
-

100
9A
6
-

9A
91
A
-

99
99
_

99
99

-

100
100
-

*

100
100
•
-

100
100
•
-

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------------1 W EEK----------------- -----------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

8
1A
1
1

13
11
2
2

3
18
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

5
5A
-

9
-

(1 2 )
AA
3
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
27
A
*

(1 2 )
53
3
(1 2 )

2
66
2
-

32
*

I YEAR OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W EEK------------------------------1 W EEK---------- ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS —
— — ——— — ——
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — — --------------------------------A WEEKS ----------------------------------------

(1 2 )
5A
5
23
(1 2 )
1A
1

•
A5
10
13
29
2

(1 2 )
63
1
32
(1 2 )
1
-

1
39
A
57
-

68
25
1
-

10
89
(1 2 )
1

3
97
"

•
13
85
1
1
*

26
71
2
*

AO
60
“

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK — — — — — — — — —
—
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS — — —
— — — —- - - - - OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — — — —
— — — —
——
A WEEKS ----------------------------------------

20
5
57
(1 2 )
1A
1

32
9
27
•
29
2

10
1
8A
(1 2 )
1
-

4
96
-

9
8A
1
-

1
9A
3
3
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
93
6
“

1
9A
A
1
(1 2 )

93
6
1

100
-

2 WEEKS — — —
—— — ———
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — — — — —
——— —
A WEEKS ----------------------------------------

3
79
1
1A
1

2
6A
2
28
3

3
91
(1 2 )
1
-

100
-

5
87
2
-

(1 2 )
92
3
A
(1 2 )

93
7
*

(1 2 )
92
4
3
(1 2 )

91
6
2
1

95
5
*

A YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS — — —
— —
—— — —
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
75
5
15
1

58
10
28
•
3

3
89
1
3
-

91
A
6
-

5
87
2
-

(1 2 )
72
22
A
(1 2 )
2

33
60
2
5

(1 2 )
91
A
5
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

—
8A
3
9
2
1

95
5
-

5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS — — — — —
—
— ——
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS —
— — ——— — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ---------------------— -------- -------

2
5A
6
3A
(1 2 )
2

•
39
10
A6
A

3
66
2
2A
(1 2 )
*

67
A
29
-

5
61
29
*

(1 2 )
A8
A
A5
(1 2 )
2

21
7
66
6

(1 2 )
61
3
35
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

71
3
22
2
1

8A
16
-

100

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION A F TE R !1
4

3 YEARS OF SERVICE!

See footnotes at end of tables.




19

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
Pla n t w o rk e rs
Item
A ll in du stries

AMOUNT OF p a i d
CONTINUED

v a c a t io n

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

•
A
93
2
2
-

5
8
82
•
•
-

(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
68
22
7
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

—2
(1 2 )
29
60
10
-

(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
65
2A
9
(1 2 )
•
(1 2 )

1
(1 2 )
28
60
12
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
15
60
23

A ll in du stries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e t a il tra d e

after

10 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK — — — — — — — — —
2 WEEKS ^***^^**^*—
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS---------A WEEKS * « » * —
'
OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
3
6
6A
(1 2 )
22
(1 2 )
-

•
1
11
A3
•
A5
•
-

3
6
2
83
(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
-

12 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS
—— —— —
—
OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
1
6
57
1
31
1
(1 2 )
-

•
•
11
38
A8
2
•
-

3
1
1
73
2
15
(1 2 )
1
-

A
81
2
1A
•
-

5
1
69
19
—

-

-

2
1
2
30
A
53
(1 2 )
6
-

•
A
21
8
56

3
1
1
38
(1 2 )
51
(1 2 )
1
-

•
A
25
2
68

5
1
31
58

2
-

—
-

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
21
22
55
(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

3
1
1
28
A9
(1 2 )
1A
“

A
61
35
-

5
1
30
—
50
a
-

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
9
•
85
(1 2 )
5
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
11
•
8A
A
-

3
1
1
26

A

5
1
30

30
(1 2 )
26
(1 2 )
8
*

12
66
2
17
*

35
15
8
*

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
9
(1 2 )
66
1
20
(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
10
(1 2 )
83
5
1
*

15 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS
-------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS
~
~
~
—
OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS ---------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS
OVER 5 AND UNDER b WEEKS -----------e WEEKS ------------------------------------------------20 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------- -----------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------■ WEEKS — ——— — — — — —
3
—
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS — — —
—
— — —
OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------OVER 9 WEEKS — -------------------------25 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS ---------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------WEEKS ■»*—
OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS
OVER 9 WEEKS -------------------------------

A

-

11
•
-

2
1
2
21
3
38
13
18
-

•
•
A
13
7
25
27
23
-

2
1
2
18
3
29
13
19
(1 2 )
10
“

•
•
A
8
7
27
27
11
•
1A
*

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




Nonmanu­
fa ctu rin g

20

-

2
-

-

(1 2 )
'•3
(1 2 )
87
A

6
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
8A
6
7
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
23
3
71
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
8
•
85
(1 2 )
•5
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

•
•
—
9A
1
1
2
1

12
88
.
-

•
•
•

.
12

86
1
9
2

87

1

-

•
•
.
28
1
68

6

1
•

29
_
65

•
2
1

_

•
-

6

-

3

15

78
-

69

15
2
1

10

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
8

_
•
3

—
6

58
1
28
1
■
3
(1 2 )

31
•
50
A
10
1

-

15
A3
-

25
•
10
*

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Nonm anu­
f a c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s trie s

M anu f a c tu r in g

N onm anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

R e ta il tra d e

5
1
30
35
15
8
*

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
9
•
66
1
19
(1 2 )
4
1
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
10
83
4
2
-

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
8
—
57
1
25
(1 2 )

5

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
10
83

(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )
8
55
(1 2 )
26
(1 2 )
8
1
(1 2 )

P u b lic u t il it ie s

R e ta il tra d e

- .
3
31
-

6
15
40
28
10
*

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER1 !4
CONTINUED

MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE!
1 WEEK — —
2 WEEKS
-OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS -------------------------- -------- . . .
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS — -----5 WEEKS — — — —— — — — —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS —r-----6 WEEKS
7 WEEKS — — — — — —
—
—
OVER 9 WEEKS---------- ---------- — ------

2
1
2
18
3
29
13
18
9

2

2
1
2
18

3
29
13
18
-

9
2

•
4
8
7
28
27
10
IS
-

3
1
1
26
30
(1 2 )
26
4
-

4
—
12
64
20
*

•
4
8
7
28
27
10
•
15
-

3
1
1
26
30

4
12

1
30
—
35

64
20
-

15
8

*

5

(12)
26
5
4
”

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

9

64
(1 2 )
19

(1 2 )
6
1
(1 2 )

4
2
-

5

1
(1 2 )

49

2
12
1
3
31

6
15
-

49

28
10

2
12
1

I o

30 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK
2 WEEKS —
——
— OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS —> —
—1
OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS --------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS — ------------— ——----- — — —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS----------------------------- — - - - 7 WEEKS —*-------- — ---- - - - - -OVER 9 WEEKS----------------- — ----- -----

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
Pla n t w o rk ers
Item
A ll industries

PERCENT

OF

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

WORKERS
--------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BE NE FI TS
S H O W N B E L O W 1 5 --------------- — ------------

98

100

96

100

94

99

100

99

100

100

58
81

99
75

99
61

ALL

FULL-TIME

WORKERS

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------N O N C U N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----- ------ ----

91
81

91
90

91
72

96
80

90
61

98
82

99
86

A C CI OE NT AL DEAT H AND
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E --------- >----N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

82
77

91
91

74
65

74
68

68
54

80
60

87
31

76
50

83
70

53
40

SICKNESS
OR SICK

83

96

72

90

67

98

99

97

99

95

72
65

87
87

58
46

73
67

59
38

63
36

82
18

54
44

59
52

62
34

25

36

15

33

12

82

96

75

57

44

22

9

33

29

36

10

2

14

37

39

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
I N S U R A N C E --------------- — ----------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------- --------

33
25

43
40

25
11

32
22

27
4

74
37

87
26

67
42

57
43

54
19

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N I N S U R A N C E ------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

97
86

100
98

94
76

100
92

94
63

99
64

100
88

99
53

100
86

100
64

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

97
86

100
98

94
76

100
92

94
63

99
64

100
88

99
53

100
86

100
64

96
86

100
98

92
76

100
92

91
63

98
64

100
88

97
53

100
86

78
64

— ------------------ — ---------

95
84

96
94

93
75

100
92

94
63

99
64

99
88

99
53

100
86

100
63

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E ------------ -------- -----------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------

79
76

90
87

71
66

86
86

70
62

74
54

94
81

65
41

76
76

59
48

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N -----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------------

86
77

87
86

86
68

92
70

86
62

90
77

94
85

e7

78
48

77
47

ANO ACCIDENT INSURANCE
L E A V E O R B O T H 1 6 ----------------

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
I N S U R A N C E -------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S — ----------SI C K L E A V E (FULL PA Y AN D NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ------------------ ----SI CK L E A V E (P AR T I A L PA Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) -----------------------

MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY

----------------- ---- ---------------------------

PLANS

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

See footnotes at end o f tables.




22

73

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

I te m
A ll
pla n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

67

77

77

20

None o n tr ib u to r y
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM OOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18--------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED:1’
HE AN — »■ ■ ■ ■ «■
MEDIAN
—
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) — --------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENt) -------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED LENGTH OF SERVICE:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18--------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED1 AFTER:
9
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN
-----------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------1 YEAR OF SERVICE*
MEAN —
MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
MEAN
MEDIAN * * ■ ■ * ■ * "" ■ ■ " * ■
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
MEAN
M ED IA N -------- --------------— -------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------ ----------20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
MEAN
^
MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) -------------------

69
*5 ,6 0 0
55,000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

1
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$5,700
$5,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

1

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$7,200
$7,000
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

1

1

$4,400
$ 5 ,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 5 ,0 00
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 7 ,5 00

1

$ 4 ,4 0 0
$ 5 ,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 7 ,5 0 0

1

9
*5 ,9 0 0
$ 5 ,000
* 3 ,0 0 0 - 8 ,0 0 0
* 1 ,5 0 0 -1 2 ,0 0 0

1

9
$ 5 ,800
$ 5 ,000
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 1 ,5 0 0 -1 2 ,0 0 0

1

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 9 ,6 0 0
$5,000
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -2 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -2 5 ,0 0 0

$9,600
$5,000
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -2 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -2 5 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 ,200
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$2,200
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 ,100
$ 2 ,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 3 ,0 0 0
* 5 0 0 - 3 ,0 00

$2,100
$ 2 ,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 3 ,0 00
$5 0 0 - 3 .0 00

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 6 ,400
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$6,400
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$8,500
*4 ,0 0 0
* 4 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0

$ 8 ,500
$4,000
$ 4 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$8,300
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$8,300
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

*1 1 ,1 0 0
* 5 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0

$11 ,100
$5,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$9,000
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$9,000
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$12 ,600
$5,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,3 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,3 0 0

$12 ,600
$ 5 ,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,3 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,3 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




$ 7 ,200
$7,500
$ 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 2 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

19

23

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1977— Continued
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

I te m
A ll
pla n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
pla n s 1
7

A

3

4

4

12

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN ANO AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
w h ic h

in d ic a t e s

a

s p e c if ie d

d o llar

am ount

of

INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED AMOUNT OF EARNINGS*
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18--------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED 1 IF *
8
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 5 ,0 0 0 *
m e a n -------------------------- — -------------------------MEDIAN —
-------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 *
m ean — — — — — — — — — — — —
—
MEDIAN —
— — — ——— — —— — — —
—
MIDDLE RANGE (5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (8 0 PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 1 5 ,0 0 0 *
MEAN —
—
—
— —
——
— —
MEDIAN — -----------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 *
MEAN
MEDIAN -----------------------------------— -----------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) -------------------

2

$11,900
$6,000
$ 6 ,0 0 0 - 8 ,0 00
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 7 ,900
$ 7 ,500
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0

$7,700
$ 7 ,000
$ S ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

$ 7 ,300
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 1 0 ,6 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,6 0 0

$11,000
$10 ,000
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

$9,300
$10,000
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 2 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$13 ,400
$12 ,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -2 2 ,0 0 0

$12 ,000
$ 12 ,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,0 0 0 -1 6 ,0 0 0

$ 8 ,3 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 1 4 ,1 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0
$ 9 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,0 0 0
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -2 3 ,0 0 0

$15 ,400
$12 ,500
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -3 0 ,0 0 0

$13 ,100
$12 ,500
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 ,0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$19 ,100
$22 ,000
$ 15 ,000—2 5 ,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -3 0 ,0 0 0

$ 17 ,700
$15 ,000
$ 1 S ,0 0 0 -2 2 ,0 0 0
$ 1 ,5 0 0 -2 7 ,0 0 0

$ 1 2 ,900
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 2 0 ,4 0 0
$ 1 3 ,5 0 0
$ 1 3 ,5 0 0 -3 3 ,0 0 0
$ 7 ,0 0 0 -3 3 ,0 0 0

$19 ,900
$14 ,000
$ 1 4 ,0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 -4 2 ,0 0 0

$16,500
$14,000
$ 1 2 ,5 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,5 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$27 ,100
$25,000
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 ,0 0 0
$ 1 4 ,0 0 0 -4 2 ,0 0 0

$ 2 8 ,000
$ 2 5 ,0 0 0
$ 1 5 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0
$ 2 ,5 0 0 -5 0 ,0 0 0

$ 1 7 ,100
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

$ 25 ,200
$ 1 7 ,5 0 0
$ 1 7 ,5 0 0 -3 9 ,0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -3 9 ,0 0 0

2

8

1.3 2
1.00
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

6

2
$38 ,400
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

2

7

1.57
1.50
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

3

4
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




5

$11 ,300
$7,000
$ 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL EARNINGS*2
0
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18--------------------16
FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE*1 2
8 0
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------1.3 9
MEDIAN
1.0 0
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) -------- --------1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS NOT SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------13
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------3
SPECIFIED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INSURANCE*1
8
MEAN
$41 ,600
MEDIAN
— — —
—
— — —
$50 ,000
MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) — --------------- $ 1 8 ,5 0 0 - 5 0 ,000
MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ------------------- $ 1 8 ,5 0 0 - 5 0 .000
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF PLAN*
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18---------------------

8

24

7

1.5 7
1.5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

3

4
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1

64
1.6 9
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .2 5
.5 0 - 2 .2 5

26

38
$18 5,900
$30 0,000
$ 4 0 ,0 0 0 -3 0 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -3 0 0 ,0 0 0

2

53

1 .6 3
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .2 5
.5 0 - 2 .2 5

19

35
$20 0,600
$30 0,000
$ 5 0 ,0 0 0 -3 0 0 ,0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -3 0 0 ,0 0 0

2

81

72

2 .0 8
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

2 .1 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

15

66
$28 1,500
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

3

8

64
$ 2 8 6,700
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

3

Footnotes

14 In c lu d e s p a y m en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e
o f annual e a rn in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e a r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e ­
f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r e x a m p le , chan ges in p r o ­
p o rtio n s at 10 y e a r s in clu d e ch an ges b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s
a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s tho.se e li g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a ft e r fe w e r
y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
15
E s tim a te s lis t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e fo r a ll plans f o r w h ich
at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e
l e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
16
U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to
th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay
that ea c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
17
E s tim a te s u n der " A l l p la n s " r e la t e to a ll plans f o r w h ich at le a s t
a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r .
E s tim a te s under " N o n c o n tr ib ­
u to ry p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
18 F o r " A l l in d u s t r ie s ," a ll f u ll- t im e plan t w o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s
equ al 100 p e rc e n t.
F o r " M a n u fa c t u r in g ," a ll f u ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s o r
o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g equal 100 p e rc e n t.
19
T h e m ea n am ount is com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s
p r o v id e d in s u ra n c e b y th e am ount o f in s u ra n c e p ro v id e d , to ta lin g the p r o d ­
u c ts , and d iv id in g the sum b y th e nu m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n in d ic a te s
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r s m a lle r and h a lf
an am ount equ al to o r l a r g e r than the am ount shown.
M id d le ra n g e (50 p e r ­
c e n t)— a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r le s s than
th e s m a lle r am ount and a fo u rth a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r m o r e
than the la r g e r am ount.
M id d le ra n g e (80 p e r c e n t)— 10 p e rc e n t of the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r le s s than the s m a lle r am ount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r am ount.
20 A fa c t o r o f annual e a rn in g s is the n u m b er by w h ich annual e a rn in g s
a r e m u ltip lie d to d e te r m in e the am ount o f in s u ra n c e p ro v id e d .
F o r e x a m p le ,
a fa c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s that fo r annual e a rn in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the am ount of
in s u ra n c e p r o v id e d is $20, 000.

S om e o f th e s e s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at reg­
ular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or more and half re­
ceive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3 , Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
Estimates for periods ending prior to 197 6 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates re ­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring sal­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks.
8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
9 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for
the most common standard workweeks reported.
1 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operat­
0
ing late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late
shifts.
1 Less than 0.05 percent.
1
1 Less than 0.5 percent.
2
1 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount
3
are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of
10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and
2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




25




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f th e
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In each o f th e 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d fr o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s ex c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e occu p a tio n s stu d ied .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts is s e le c te d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so th at u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e
g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , if on e out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is
g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o th e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f
th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o sen in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to th e m is s in g unit.
O ccu p ation s and e a rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1)
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o lr o o m ,
and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
accoun t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in th e sa m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p en d ix B.

U n les s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s
a r e fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e occu p a tio n s
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t
d ata.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d w h en the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e ly
fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e in clu d ed in
th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le .
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s r e f e r to th e stan dard
w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d/or p r e m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occu p a tio n s
a r e roun ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in th e d is trib u tio n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in th e s iz e o f th e c la s s
in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t im e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y c h an ge,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e ven though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h an ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than a r e e a rn in g s ch an ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u s tr ie s
s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a . - N . C . ;
d if fe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
Pay
and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
a c c u r a te ly th e w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s




A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d occ u p a tio n s
should not b e a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a te s p aid
in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e t o ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f the study and not th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ied .
These
d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r

s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g
the tr e n d jo b s in both th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e ffe c t on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p aid
u n der p lan s p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s
o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch an ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch a n ges r e la t e to w a g e c h an ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s .
W h en th e t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a te s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m ed th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s 2

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

In 1977, switchboard operators are included in the wage trend computation for all except the following
areas: Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
Portland (Oregon), Providence-Warwick—
Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle—
Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.




E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h an ges fo r
as fo llo w s :

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

in th e p r o g r a m

a r e com p u ted

1.

A v e r a g e ea^rnings a r e com p u ted f o r each o c c u p a tio n fo r
th e 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a re d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in th e
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u nchanged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a rn in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d
to o b ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r re n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t ch an ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f th e m eth od u sed to com p u te
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s is stu d ied f o r f u ll - t i m e p lan t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
P la n t w o r k e r s in clu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s
e n g a g ed in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te w o r k e r s a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k in g
s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a in e e s a r e in c lu d e d am on g n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u ­
t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s as w e l l as c o n s tru c tio n w o r k e r s
u t iliz e d as s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both th e plant and o f f i c e
w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s
f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u sed and th e p r o b a b ilit y th at la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h a ve f o r m a l e n tr a n c e

r a te s a b ove th e s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s
in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
(T h e " X ' s " shown u n der stan dard
w e e k ly hou rs in d ic a te th at no m e a n in g fu l to ta ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)
Shift d if fe r e n t ia ls — m a n u fa c tu rin g (ta b le B - 2 ) .
Data w e r e c o lle c t e d
on p o lic ie s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d in g pay d iffe r e n t ia ls fo r
plant w o r k e r s on la te s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s id e r e d as h a vin g p o lic ie s
a r e th o s e w h ich (1 ) h a ve p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r in g the o p e r a tio n o f la te
s h ifts , o r (2 ) h a ve o p e r a te d la te s h ifts at any t im e d u rin g the 12 m onths
p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve s e v e r a l d iffe r e n t ia ls w h ich
v a r y by jo b , the d if fe r e n t ia l a p p lyin g to th e m a jo r it y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
reco rd ed .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v e d if fe r e n t ia ls w h ich a p p ly o n ly to c e r ta in
hours o f w o r k , the d if fe r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h ou rs is
rec o rd e d .
F o r p u rp o s e s o f th is study, a la te s h ift is e ith e r a seco n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m id n igh t o r a th ir d (n ig h t) s h ift w h ich s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n igh t.
D iffe r e n t ia ls f o r s e co n d and th ir d s h ifts a r e s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic ie s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by
a ll plan t w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t at th e t im e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d if fe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at th e t im e o f the s u r v e y ).
Sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs; p aid h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .
P r o v is io n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a jo r it y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s id e r e d to a p p ly to a ll
p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s id e r e d n o n e x is te n t w hen it a p p lie s to le s s than a m a jo r it y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t ly e lig ib le f o r th e b e n e fits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .
Sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days (ta b le B - 3 ) . S ch ed u led w e e k ly
h ou rs and d ays r e f e r to th e n u m b er o f h o u rs and days p e r w e e k w h ich f u l l ­
t im e f i r s t (d a y ) sh ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r p aid f o r at
s tr a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in clu d ed o n ly i f th e y a r e
g ra n te d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n f o r m o r e s t a b ­
lis h e d b y c u s to m ).
T h e y a r e in clu d ed e v en though in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r
th e y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and e m p lo y e e s a r e not g ra n te d an o th er d ay o ff.
E m p lo y e e s m a y be p a id f o r th e tim e o f f o r m a y r e c e iv e p r e m iu m p ay in
lie u o f tim e o ff.
D ata a r e ta b u la te d to show th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c ific n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2 ) a r e g ra n te d s p e c ifie d
am ounts o f to ta l h o lid a y t im e (w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ).
P a id v a c a tio n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e ir m eth od o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a tio n p a y (t im e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , fla t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e tc .) and th e am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y g ra n te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
p lan s a r e r e p o r te d . V a c a tio n b o n u s es , v a c a tio n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic p lan s a r e exc lu d e d .
F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a tio n p ay g ra n te d , a ll p r o v is io n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la te d on o th e r than a t im e b a s is is
c o n v e r te d to its e q u iv a le n t t im e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
fo r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n p ay.
A l s o , p r o v is io n s a ft e r ea c h s p e c ifie d le n g th o f s e r v ic e a r e r e la te d
to a ll p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f




s e r v ic e .
V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r a l a r g e r am ount o f v a c a tio n
pay as s e r v ic e le n g th e n s .
Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by le n g th o f
s e r v ic e w e r e not o b ta in e d .
T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n pay g ra n te d p r e s e n t,
t h e r e f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v is io n s r a th e r than p r o p o r tio n s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lans (ta b le s B - 6 a n d B - 7 L
H e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s in clu d e p lan s fo r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r pays
e ith e r a ll o r p a rt o f th e c o s t.
T h e c o s t m a y be (1) u n d e rw ritte n by a
c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e co m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 ) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ich th e e m p lo y e r has c o n trib u te d , o r (3 ) b o rn e d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set a s id e to c o v e r th e c o s t.
A p lan is in c lu d e d e v e n though a m a jo r it y o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t do not c h o o s e to p a r tic ip a te in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a rt o f its c o s t (p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r tic ip a te is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a jo r it y ).
L e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p lan s such as
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e 3 a r e exc lu d e d .
L i f e in s u ra n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p lan s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
th ro u g h an in s u ra n c e p o lic y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p e s o f l i f e in s u ra n ce p lans
and th e am ount o f c o v e r a g e in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g.
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim it e d to p lan s w h ich
p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f d eath o r lo s s o f lim b o r sigh t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e in c lu d e s o n ly th o s e p lans w h ich
p r o v id e th at p r e d e t e r m in e d ca s h p a y m e n ts b e m ad e d ir e c t ly to e m p lo y e e s
w h o lo s e t im e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju r y , e .g ., $50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .
S ick le a v e plan s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fo r
con tin u in g an e m p lo y e e 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f illn e s s .
D ata c o lle c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1 ) p lan s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lans w h ich e ith e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l pay o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r io d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers ccfntribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance .A ct) provides temporary disability insurance
benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires
that employers hear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to to t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p aid s ic k le a v e an d / o r s ic k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
(t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m ad e u n til th e end o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g ib ilit y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s red u c e d by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh ow s the p e r c e n t o f f u ll - t i m e p la n t and
o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e S e a ttle —E v e r e t t a r e a in
w h ich a union c o n tr a c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in
the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , J a n u a ry 1977:
P la n t w o r k e r s

H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u ra n ce p lan s r e p o r te d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m en t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s .
M e d ic a l
in s u ra n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
b eyon d th e b a s ic
s e r v ic e s
c o v e r e d u n der h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n ce t y p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a
"d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u ir e s th e in s u re d to p a y a p o r tio n (e . g . , 20 p e rc e n t) o f
c e r ta in e x p e n s e s , and (3 ) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10,000 a y e a r ) .

A l l in d u s tr ie s
M anuf a c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
R e t a il tr a d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s

82

21

88

4
29
74
36

76
100
66

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a c o n tr a c t .c o v e r in g a ll p lan t
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s a re
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts th at e ith e r do not h a ve la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t con ­
t r a c ts in e ffe c t , o r h a ve c o n tra c ts th at ap p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f th e ir p lan t
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s . E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the e x te n t
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d and the
in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim it e d .

D en ta l in s u ra n c e p lan s p r o v id e n o r m a l d e n tal s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r
r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lans p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m en ts to th e r e t i r e e
fo r l i f e .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o f it - s h a r in g p lan s w h ich p r o v id e th e op tion
o f p u rc h a s in g a l i f e t im e annuity.




In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
A lm o s t o n e - h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the
S e a ttle a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts
the m a jo r in d u s try g ro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll
m a n u factu rin g:
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t ____ 53
L u m b e r and w o od p r o d u c t s ___ 8
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c ts ____ 6
M a c h in e r y e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l
5
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s _____ 5

A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ______________ 45
Ship and b o a tb u ild in g and
r e p a i r i n g _______________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in
v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s
o f the s u r v e y as show n in ap p en d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Seattle—Everett, Wash.,1January 1977
Num ber o f establishm ents
M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n 2

W ork ers in establishm ents
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin scope
o f study *

Studied

T o t a l4

Studied
Num ber

—*

:

~

"

50

T o t a l4

-

50
50
50
50
50

196

245,763

100

128,543

50,078

137,941

347
730

56
140

103,547
142,216

42
58

60,374
68,169

16,496
33,582

66,149
71,792

85
136

26

31,429
15,336
47,178
27,538
20,735

13

15,151

5,606

22.418
3,812
22,031
14,841
6,690

210

144
155

19
33
23
39

6

(

<6>

19

34,851

*.416

11
8

<7>
<>
<>

( 6)
( 8>

5 A b b revia ted to "pu blic u tilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a xica bs and s e r v ic e s
in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n a r e excluded.
Th e lo c a l-tr a n s it sy stem and e le c tr ic u tilitie s a re
m u n icip a lly opera ted and th e r e fo r e exclu ded by defin ition fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 Th is d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in
the A - s e r ie s ta b les, and fo r " a l l in d u stries" in the B - s e r ie s tables. Separate presen tation o f data
is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g reason s: (1 ) Em ploym en t is too sm all to p rovid e
enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2 ) the sam ple was not design ed in itia lly to p erm it separate
presen tation , (3 ) resp o n se was in su fficien t or inadequate to p e r m it sep ara te presen tation, and (4)
th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establishm ent data.
7 W o rk ers fr o m this en tire d iv is io n a re re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and
"nonm anufacturing" in the A - s e r i e s ta b les, but fr o m the r e a l estate po rtio n only in estim ates fo r
" a l l in d u stries" and "non m anu factu rin g" in the B - s e r ie s ta b les. S eparate presen tation o f data is
not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the reason s giv en in footn ote 6.
8 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and other p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile
r e p a ir , ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit m em bersh ip organ izations (exclu ding re lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e rv ic e s .

1 T h e S eattle— v e re tt Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e o f
E
Management and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, consists o f King and Snohomish Counties. The
"w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table p ro vid e a reason a bly a ccu ra te d e ­
scrip tion o f the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey.
E stim ates a re not
intended, h ow eve r, fo r co m p a rision w ith oth er em ploym en t indexes to m easu re em ploym en t trends
o r le v e ls since (1 ) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ire s establish m ent data com p iled co n s id era b ly in
advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2 ) sm a ll establish m ents a re excluded fr o m the scope
o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1972 edition of the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used to c la s s ify e s ­
tablishm ents by in du stry d ivision . H o w e v e r, a ll govern m en t operations a re excluded fr o m the scope
o f the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l
outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in in du stries such as tra d e, fin ance, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes ex ecu tive, p ro fe s s io n a l, p a rt-tim e , and oth er w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the sep arate
plant and o ffic e c a teg o rie s.




F u ll-tim e
o ffic e w ork ers

1,077

ALU D I V I SI ON S ------ ---------- ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------- ----- ----- ------ ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES'5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE -----------S E R V IC E S *

P ercen t

F u ll-tim e
plant w o rk ers

31




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia te o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con tent.
B e c a u s e o f th is em p h a ­
s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , th e B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an d ica p p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir ha n d icap a r e a ls o
ex c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l oc c u p a tio n s .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to th e d a y - to - d a y a c t iv ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to th e w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s — C on tin u ed
a.
b.




S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

N ot a ll p o s itio n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n
a r e as fo llo w s :

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u ties;

c.

E x c lu s io n s

P o s it io n s w h ich do not
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

m e e t th e

" p e r s o n a l"

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y d u ties w h ich
a r e not ty p ic a l’ o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g ., A d m in is tr a tiv e A s s i s t ­
an t, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in tro d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
T o o l and d ie m a k e r
G p a rd
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as s h ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c le r k )
T r u c k d r iv e r

O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S e c reta ry
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e ty p is t
M a c h in e t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m )

T h e B u re a u has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data f o r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . W o r k e r s p r e v io u s ly
c la s s ifie d as w a tch m e n a r e now c la s s ifie d as g u a rd s u n der the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n .

33

s e c re ta ry

to a grou p

con cep t

of p ro ­

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinu ed

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l — C ontinued

e.

P o s it io n s w h ich do not f it any o f the situ a tio n s lis t e d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t it le d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tc h e d at
on e o f f i v e le v e l s a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e c h a rt fo llo w in g th e e x p la n a tio n s o f th e s e tw o
fa c t o r s in d ic a te s th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c to rs .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c om p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

ES~4

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y th at
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

L ie v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r ie s sh ou ld b e m a tc h e d at one o f th e fo u r LS le v e ls d e s c r ib e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in th e com p an y
o r g a n iz a t io n a l s tr u c tu r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ea d o f a s m a ll
unit (e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

b.

LS—2

a.

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
Many
c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l s itu a tio n s in
th e d e fin itio n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r
s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o t h e r than c h a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the a b o v e L S d e f ­
in itio n r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic i a l s who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
The t itle "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i ­
r e c t ly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not- c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o s e s o f-a p p ly in g the d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y ( L R )
T h is f a c t o r e v a lu a te s th e n a tu re o f th e w o r k re la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v is o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r ie s should b e m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R — d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
2
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u ties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s ts w h ic h h a v e sta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r e q u e s ts b y sen d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
o th e r s f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v is o r 's
in s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c .,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll,

g re e ts

p erso n a l

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m a k es

and

op en s

in ­

M ay

a p p oin tm en ts

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ility 2 (L R —2)

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

P e r f o r m s d u ties d e s c r ib e d u n der L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r fo r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e fu n ction s
in clu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te r m in in g w h ich can
b e h a n d led b y th e s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o th e r o f f ic e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s ts w h ic h r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo r m a tio n f r o m f i l e s o r
o th e r o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n a m e.

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

S c h ed u le s te n t a tiv e ap p oin tm en ts w ith ou t p r i o r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k g ro u n d m a t e r ia l f o r sc h e d u le d m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ir e m e n ts to o t h e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

T h e fo llo w in g
and L R c o m b in a tio n .

c h a rt

r e p o r ts on th e b a s is

show s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h LS

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
s u p e r v is o r

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in ­
d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y
the fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o ­
g ra p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g
m a il; and a n s w e r in g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e co p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
c op y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S ee S te n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith shorth an d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1
,
LS —2.
LS—3.
LS —
4.

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g sh o rth an d , and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
cop y.
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f
p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b e en m a d e b y a n oth er p e rs o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r use in d u p lic a tin g
p ro c es s e s .
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and
d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u nctu ation , e t c ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r plann ing layou t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in. s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : * tfop y ty p in g fr o m
ro u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o li c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C L E R K

S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l

keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




F i l e s , c l a s s if ie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c le r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e l s on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

F I L E C L E R K — C on tin u ed

O R D E R C L E R K — C on tin u ed

C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , etc^, in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

ad eq u a cy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s e e th at o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in c lu d e
any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e llin g s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f th e jo b .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

are

c l a s s i fi e d

in to

l e v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H a n d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c if ic p ro d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a t is fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be q u o ted
w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d ocu m en t to in s u r e th at p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a cts b oth as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s su ch d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r ic e s ; d e te r m in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y d ate and m e th o d o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d ac c ou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m an u a l o r a u tom a ted accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a
k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c cou n tin g.
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s i fi e d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s ac c o u n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac c ou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

M ACH INE B IL L E R — Continued

w h e r e id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d ic a te d ;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accoun ting d o c u m e n ts ; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accoun ting c o d es.

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u ltan eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly ’ th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm and s tan d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
C red it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t ic u la r a c cou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to b e u sed in e a c h phase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts (not in ­
c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r th e accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s ;
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e bill-s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fojr chan ges
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x d ed u ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r ts . In a nona u tom a ted p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s . W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n ta l r e g u la t io n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a keyp u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a rd s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s ;

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the

a lp h a b e tic an d/or

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to b e fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be k eyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e
d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s stan d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e docu m en ts w h ich h a ve b e en c od e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b e en p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e l i t t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v i s o r p r o b le m s
a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to b e au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docu m en ts to b e used; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and d ata f lo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and

p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re c o m m e n d s
eq u ip m en t ch an ges to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E ;
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)




D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r il y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e rin g
p r o b le m s .

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R PR O G R AM M ER , BUSINESS— Continued

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a te d p ro d u c tio n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s - and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y the
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific a n d / or e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

are

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

a n a lys ts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s th at a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and th e output d ata a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts
r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e rs o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s
as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m ir ifo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic d ata p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d
la n g u a g e , cau se the m a n ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r su b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ic h d ata w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a rts to c od ed in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s




p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a l­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g should b e c l a s s i fi e d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l1 d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n ce p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts
w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s tep s to
b e a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f th e p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; p lan s the fu ll ra n g e o f p ro g ra im m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d
to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r.
T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e ­
u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to
data w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n ts to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le 'Segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and se q u e n c in g o f data can be t e s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

OR

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der
c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

DRAFTER

M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and con cep ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o ­
c e d u re s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e cts
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PE R A TO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; Stu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te rm in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s e q u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s is t
in c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
For

w age

stu d y

p u rposes,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e
o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x
d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g k n o w l­
e d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t le o r no te s tin g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a l t e r ­
n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt tim e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is u s u a lly in ­
v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t used and
a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has
r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e s u p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n ge s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea c h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r ts . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk
is r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g
d e te r m in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly used.
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n co m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a­
tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anu als in m a k in g .n e c e s s a r y c o m p u tatio n s to d e te rm in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponen ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u gg e sted m ethod s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen ass ign m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p lan s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g co n d itio n .
T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e qu ip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g
eq u ip m en t.

E LE C TR O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

E LE C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho h ave a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to solvfe u n usually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f
the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
fo r m in g such ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sing c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k se q u e n c e and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and com m o n te s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is
not r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in ­
c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m t r a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r can a d van ce
to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d
r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju re d ; a tten d in g to su b sequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and pieinning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p lan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h e a d n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C on tin u ed

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and s ta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

e q u ip m en t such as
g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r
s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r
eq u ip m en t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d too ls
and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n ctio n s such as th e in ­
s ta lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d i s t r i ­
b u tio n , o r u t iliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l




P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; plan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's h a n d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g s ta n d a rd
m ach in e to o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , and sp ee d s
o f m a c h in in g; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e co m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c tin g s ta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u3ing a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in cu ttin g, b e n d in g , fo r m in g , shap in g,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s roun ded
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k ifiv o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f h a n d too ls in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en chan ges in the plant lay ou t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sing a v a r i e t y o f h a n d tools
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e qu ip m en t;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to b e u sed ; and in s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s and
speed red u c e rs.
In g e n e r a l, the m ill w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H I C L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m en t and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d too ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to
p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e rs '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.




41

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

T O O L AND DIE M AKER— Continued

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a ch in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e r , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o t h e r c o n tr o ls to handle th e s iz e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to a e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m en t; u sing
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh ops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
com m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

D r iv e s
a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e ep tr u c k in
g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in co n n e c tio n w ith sh ip p in g
good s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - to - d a y , ro u tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In handling unusual n o n rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
an ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o r d in a te the
a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g good s to b e sh ip p ed o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
ra te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f good s g a th e r e d f o r sh ip m en t a g a in s t d oc u m e n ts ; in s u rin g that sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n tifie d w ith s h ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d in to
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s sh ip p ed , e . g . ,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f la d in g .

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

by ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tru c k
'(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , u n der (I V 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a ile r




R e c e iv e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and
q u a n titie s un load ed a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e

SH IPPER AND R EC E IV E R — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN D LIN G LA B O R E R — Continued

r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d am a ged g o o d s ; in s u rin g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d f o r -routing to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by h a n d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tru c k , as fo llo w s :

' W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n derstan d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
tak in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ;
r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and S h ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in ad d ition to f ill in g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g
ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d i­
tio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d
d u ties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g depen den t
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a c k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p r o p r ia te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sing e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e ex c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and un load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un pack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g




a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s f r o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r f e r e n c e .
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m ak in g rounds on
fo o t o r by m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M ay be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s to m e rs b y a n s w e rin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .
G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is o ccu p a tio n .

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , g u a rd s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G u ard A
E n fo r c e s
r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p re v e n t b re a c h e s o f s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c ie s and
s e c u r ity v io la t io n s e n c o u n te re d .
D e te r m in e s w h e th e r f i r s t re s p o n s e should
be to in te r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
tim e a llo w s ), to k e e p s itu a tio n u n der s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t situ a tio n
so that it can be h an d led by a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
D uties r e q u ir e s p e ­
c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinuin g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o f ic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
G u ard B
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d to w a rd in s u rin g that
e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and r e p o r te d to
a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in s itu ation s w h ich r e q u ir e
m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l
tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s .
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p r o f ic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b i n a tiqn, o f the f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d is h , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B attle C r e e k ,

M ich.

B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex.
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and
G
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S t a m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ign —U rb an a—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan , A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a l l s — r a n ts P a s s —
G
R oseb u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Jun ction C ity , K an s.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—Okla.
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G a d s d en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L a red o , Tex.
L a w to n , O kla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r own s v i l l e—Ha r 1ing e n—
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . —F la .
M on tana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w L o n d o n — o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K an s.
S a lin a s - S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S andusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a -S a n ta M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ern Idaho
S o u th w e s te rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s t a t e w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n ^ T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Io w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s t a t e w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N . J.—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .—O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c cou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tt o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
te n d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O hio, D ec. 1976 1________________________________________
Alb an y—S ch en ectad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e im —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , Oct. 1976 _________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t. , J uly 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
B oston , M a s s . , A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo, N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
Cha tt anooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n ati, O hio—K y . —I n d . , M a r . 1 976________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
C olum bus, O h io , O c t. 1 9 76 ______________________________________
C orpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1 9 76_______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 76 __________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Island—M o l i n e , Io wa—111., F e b . 1976______
Day to n, O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
D ayto n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1 9 76 ____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1976 1 _____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________
G r e e n B a y, W i s . , July 1 9 76 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n - S a l e m — i g h P o i n t ,
H
N . C . , A u g . 1 976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1976 1___________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1977 _____________________________________
Hou st on, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76_______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t. 1976____________________________________
J ac k s on , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1_________________________________
K an s as C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 _________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin s
the back
P rin ting
surveys,

B u l l e ti n n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.05
75 cents
95 ce nts
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$ 1.2 5
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
80 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .4 0
75 cents
$ 1 .5 0
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

Area

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________ 1900-75,
1900-66,
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 _____________________________________ 1900-22,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1977_______________ _ 1950-3,
N a s sa u —Su ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________ 1900-35,
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 _________________________________________
1950-7,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1___________________________________ 1950-5,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N .J . , M a y 1 9 76 ________________________________ 1900-48,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h , V a —
N . C . , M a y 1976 1__________________________________________________ 1900-27,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1976 1 ___________
1900-33,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1'976 ____________________________ 1900-43,
O k la h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1976_______________________________ 1900-42,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1 976_____ ____________________________
1900-61,
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________ 1900-38,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________ 1900-64,
1950-1,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ____________________________________ 1900-72,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _____________________________ 1900-51,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________ 1900-50,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________ 1900-55,
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 ________________________________________________
1900-31,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
1900-34,
St. L o u i s , MO.-I11., M a r . 1977___________________________________ 1950-10,
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 __________________________________ 1900-71,
Sa gin a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
1900-74,
Salt L a k e C ity —O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1 976_______________________
1900-65,
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
1900-23,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976____________________________________
1900-79,
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________ 1900-9,
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
1900-13,
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1977 1____________________________ 1950-12,
South Ben d, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
1900-5,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976_______________________________________
1900-44,
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , M a y 1976___________________v
______________ 1900-24,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
1900-56,
W a s h i n g to n , D . C .—M d . —V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
1950-11,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1976_____________________________________1900-21,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 ___________________________________ 1900-16,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________ 1950-6,
Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .6 0
85 cents
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .0 5
85 cents
85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.1 0
$ 1 .5 0
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
65 cents
$ 1 .2 0
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
$ 1 .2 0
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .2 0
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .1 0

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R egion I

Region II

Region Id

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaC ode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaC ode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.,15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Vllt
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102