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Area Wage Survey
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area, April 1976
Bulletin 1900-22
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics







Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A p r i l
1976 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in t h e M i l w a u k e e , W i s c o n s i n ,
Standard M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tistic a l A r e a (M ilw a u k e e ,
O z a u k e e , W a s h i n g t o n , and W a u k e s h a C o u n t i e s ) .
The
s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h
is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d da ta f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s a s w e l l a s n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r
a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e
U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e t h e l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h t h e a n a l y s i s o f (1) t h e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) t h e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c l u d i n g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
Su rvey re su lts also are
u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C ontract A ct
o f 19 6 5.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e in c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
(See list o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s da ta a r e c o l l e c t e d

a n n u a lly .
I n fo rm a tio n on esta b lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s is o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r.
E a ch y e a r after all in dividual a r e a w age
s u r v e y s h av e b e e n c o m p l e t e d , two s u m m a r y bu lletin s
are issued .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da ta f o r e a c h
m etropolitan a rea
s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s ,
p rojected fr o m
i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e M ilw a u k e e s u r v e y w a s con d u cte d by the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e
g e n e ra l d ir e ctio n o f L o is L. O r r , A ssista n t R egion a l
C o m m is s io n e r fo r O peration s.
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld not
h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f
th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
t h e b a s i s f o r t h e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s
bulletin.
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
sin cere
a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A v a ila b le f o r the M ilw a u k e e a r e a a r e l i s t ­
in g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u i l d i n g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g
tr a d e s , lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m ­
p loy ees.
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e se a re available f r o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See ba ck c o v e r fo r
a d d re sse s.)

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-22

July 1976

M ilw aukee, W isconsin,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery. Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
April 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________

Page
2

T a b l e s — C o n tin u e d
A.

12

E a r n i n g s — C o n t in u e d
A - 5 a . H ou rly earn ings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s—l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __________ _______ A v e r a g e h ou rly earnings o f
A -6.
m aintenance, to o lr o o m ,
pow erplant, m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , by se x
___ _____ __A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h ou rly earnings o f
m aintenance, to o lr o o m ,
pow erp lant, m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __ _ _____________ P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
A-l.
h ourly earnings fo r s e le c te d
occu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ___________ -

20

13

A p p e n d i x A . S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _____ A p p e n d i x B . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________ -

21
25

T ables:
E arn ings:
W eekly earnings of o ffic e
A -l.
w o r k e r s __________________________ ____
A - l a . W eek ly earnings o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____ .
W eek ly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
A -2.
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s ___ ________ .
A -2 a . W eek ly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ________ ____ _ ____ .
_
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f f i c e ,
A -3.
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________________ A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings of o f fic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ________________
_ .
H ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten ance,
A -4.
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s ___________________________ _ ..
A - 4 a . H ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____
A -5 .
H o u rly earn ings o f m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _______________________________




3
5
7

9

10

17

18

19

14

15

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 85 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h the U.S.
D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r 's B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
la ted ben efits.
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a co m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and teleph on e in te rv ie w .
R epresen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturing; tran sportation , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps e x clu d e d f r o m
these
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Separate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m eet publication crite ria .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ourly ea rn in gs of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du strial
nurses,
sk illed m a in ten ance trades w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm anufacturing.
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as t u r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
app en d ix A .
Appe ndixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 through A - 6 p rov id e e stim a tes
of s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l ,

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

$
85

Median *

(standard)

Middle ranged

$

90

s

I

95

100

$

105

S

$

115

n o

S
120

S

130

*

190

s

$

150

160

$

170

s

s

180

190

s
200

s

*

220

290

S

$

260

280

an d
under
90

300
and

95

105

100

l3 o

150

160

170

180

91
18
23

130
53
77

165
93
72

216
132
89

285
172
113

11

12
6

12
8

283
159
129
13
13
18

1

3

5

d

4

17
1
16

120

190

10
2

115

n o

17
11

31
18
13

30
21

57
91
16
1

190

200

220

290

258

T -n
a

260

280

300

over

ALL WORKERS
$
b t L K u 1 flK i t J

—

” ” *” * * * ” ***

.5 2 1
.566
955
158

“ “

$

$

1 9 1 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 * 2 1 1 .5 0
1 6 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 1 . So

$

10

3^*0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 7 2 ]5 0

1 9 7 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 1 9 0 . SO
1 6 1 .0 0 1 9 5 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

79

l

1 9 2 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 4 Or
2 3 1 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0

81

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

679
992

3 9 .5

2 0 3 .5 0

2 0 2 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0 1 8 9 .0 0 -

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 3 8 .5 0

2 3 6 .0 0

j u » ' ' L I M K l C jf

vL A j j

-----------------------------------D *

MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

bt
1An 1Ld i vL Abb w "
nAnUr A L 1U K 1'iu
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

39^0
9 0 .0

1 7 5 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 3

1 6 8 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 4 5 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

i
-

-

-

i

16

*

1
373

-

-

-

2

2

12

2

12
13

61
16
95

59
32
22

98
38

91
69

192
99
98

59
92
12

46
39
7

32
26
6

97
15
1

131

63

36

19

38

33
17
16

6
26

6

18
17
79
59
15

21

1
;

*7

15

2 2 2 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0

278
nonmanufacturing

30

__

18
9

12
3

32

29
n
18

5

2
1

12

9

15

2
1

2

4
28

2

-

7

-

-

28
6
22

99
2
92

91
12
29

1

Hi

-

-

18
13

27

34

21

15
12

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
3

19
2

3

18

10

r~n,,

M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------ST EN OG RA PH ER S, s e n i o r -------------------------------

266
251
657
399

819

9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 8 10 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0
1 6 7 . ->0

1 ' 7 00
1 3 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .^ 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 9 .3 0

9 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

1C"*"0
9 0 .0

M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------1Tr 1 3 1 b

t

L LA bb

A

*

98
153

1 9 3 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

77

78

35

36
92

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

27
2

-

7

7

8

20
-

-

1
1

-

i
i

90
50
90

108
89
29

73
51
22

73
97
26

96
65
31

80
95
35

79
93
31

129
79
95

119
88
26

93
25
18

95
17
28

59
22
37

31
13
18

22
6
16

I*?

21
13
8

90

77
98
29

39
32

79

21

30

11
10

5

96

139
75
69

82
36
96

73
62

lc

83

2b

11

66
23
93

27

50

99

22

-

6
1

25
13
12

28
25

5

23

11

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

19
1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

567

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

3
2

14

14

*

-

-

19

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

1
2
83
25
58

1 1 0 .0 0 1 9 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 9 7 .5 0

22

67
30

99

10

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 8 ------------------------------

996

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

7

20

9

50

85

92

55

25

30
7

18

23

18

131
93

99
b9

50

38
12

40

35

10
25

4

39
16

2

1
2

2
5

11

3

2

3

12

5

O

12

22

38
25
13

18

11

5
1-8

16

19
12

33

92

g
52

J

3

lH

3
3

lo

16

*
4

12

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




35

65

41

15
5

36

82
59
28

1 9 7 io O
1 3 6 '"O
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

-

51
36
15

12

-

*

-

20
19
6

15

m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

i

1

Tab le A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

Average
weekly

85

standard) Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

S

i

90

95

$

S
100

$
105

$

$
115

no

S
120

$
130

S
190

i

150

$

i

160

170

s
180

s

1
190

200

S

$
220

2 90

S

i

260

280

and
under

300
and

90

95

100

105

115

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

290

260

230

300 over

ALL W O RK ER S—
continued

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

193
167

$
$
39.5 115.00 107.00
39.5 109.50 105.00

$
$
98.00-116.00
98.00-113.00

-

17
17

95
95

15
19

25
29

39
32

19
13

16
15

*

6
*

6
*

9

*

1
”

5
3

3
2

2
2

-

-

*

*

M E SS EN GE RS ---------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

278
99
179

39.5 129.00 115.50 110.00-138.00
39.5 139.50 130.00 112.50-195.50
39.0 126.00 115.00 109.00-129.50

*

21
1
20

6
1
5

30
19
16

19
5
9

90
9
36

37
11
26

35
13
22

27
15
12

23
18
5

9
9
5

-

1
1

6
1
5

9
9
5

12
6
6

8
1
7

“

*

*

-

S W I T CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR S --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

197
92
105

90.0 152.00 199.00 130.00-179.50
90.0 165.00 159.50 190.50-189.00
90.0 190.50 138.50 108.00-165.50

-

6
6

3

15

3

15

3
3

8
1
7

6
5
1

8
3
5

37
12
25

18
13
5

18
13
5

16
11
5

19
10
9

5
1
9

16
10
6

6
3
3

11
8
3

1
1
*

1
1
“

*

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE — — — — — —

520
297
273

39.5 190.00 137.00 120.00-155.53
90.0 195.50 195.00 130.00-155.50
39.5 135.00 132.00 119.00-192.00
111 • ** 0

.
*

8
8

19
19

21
*
21

1
1
“

35
5
30

99
23
21

64
30
34

89
98
91

78
90
38

91
90
1

78
90
38

12
7
5

12
2
10

1
1
*

11
9
7

7
3

-

-

9

9
3
1

ORDER CL ER KS -------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

531
290
291

40.0 159.50
90.0 165.00
90.0 192.00

128.00-172.50
136.00-189.00
115.00-155.00

5

16
28

61
95
16

118
65
53

30
17
13

95
2b
20

4

19
19
*

56
29
32

18
16
2

10
10
“

10
10
“

5
3
2

a
8

5

35
2
33

16
12

4

22
10
12

99

-

21
8
13

4

*

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

809
929
380

39.5 186.00 178.50 157.00-207.50
90.0 193.50 189.00 161.00-217.50
39.5 178.00 179.00 155.50-191.50

•
-

.
-

*

.
"

"

i
i

3

7

99

15
29

72
32
90

53
93

129
55
69

55
35
20

77
29
98

99

3

91
95
96

96

9

3

58
39
19

33
19
19

19
11
8

26
29
2

RE TA IL TRADE -------------------S E RV IC ES -------------------------

82
53

38.0 155.50 155.00 145.00-170*00
90.0 165.50 163.50 158.00-179.00

.
-

.
-

”

-

-

i
"

2
*

1

9
10

29
*

17
9

7
19

19
17

7
1

1
1

_
5

*

f
*

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS B --------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------RE TA IL TR A D E -------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

1,977
697
830
261
120

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
90.0

5
•
5
5
*

19
6
8
8

69
5
69
39
15

25
6
19
12
5

62
20
92
23
15

82
26
56
29
17

57
17
90
11
17

195
86
109
53
16

165
101
64
29
7

189
102
82
29
7

103
62
91
20
*

137
87
50
7
1

65
32
33
9
”

76
32
99
5
“

115
18
97
1
*

89
18
66
20

32
22
10
1
-

3
3
•
*

_
*

1

25

-

-

39

18

-

2

9

1

-

1

8

12

6

-

-

-

50
38
12

32
16
16

39
29
10

23
19
9

35
21
19

35
17
18
18

4

21
19
2

3
3
-

.
-

switchboard

8 0 0 K K E E P IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A — —
—
—
— —
— —
b i l l i n g -m a c h i n e

billers

-------------

PA YR OL L CLERKS -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

976
320
156

RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

57

KE YPUNCH OP ERATORS, CLASS A ---- -—
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

677

KEYJWJNCH OP ERATORS, CLASS B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE — — — — — — —

198.00 192.00 123.00-172.00
150.00 195.00 129.00-167.00
196.50 190.00 116.00-185.00
123.50 121.00 106.00-138.00
128.50 115.50 106.00-131.50

90.0 161.00
123

333

399
30
693
339
309
61

192.00
199.50
192.00

•

Q
4

4

60
39

9
9
“

9

8
1
*
•

160.00 157.50-170.50
-

-

1

160.00 190.00-200.00
163.50 138.00-201.00
158.00 199.00-197.50

1
1

•
-

5
3
2

2
2

6
3
3

5
5
-

12
5
7

35
29
6

52
90
12

69
29
35

195.00 120.00-195.00

1

2

2

3

*

5

9

7

23

1

5

*

*

3

i

*

*

*

1
“
1

2
2

3

6

3

117
79
93

89
98
91

30

51
30
21

102
11
91

11
5
6

39
8
26
12

25
17
8

11
2
9

1
1
*

-

-

3
3

92
56
36

92

-

39
16
23

22
7
15
*

13
9
9

60
13
97
*

52
91
11
*

82
91
91

89
56
28
*

95
59
91
2

65
35
30
9

6b
27
39
10

15
8
7
7

6
3
3
3

27
17
10
10

15
8
7
7

31
19
12
12

9
3
1
1

1
1
*
*

-

90.0 196.00 120.00 120.00-161.50
39.5
90.0
39.0
90.0
38.0

171.50
179.00
166.00
209.00
139.00

39.5
90.0
39.5
90.0

163.00 159.00
158.50 159.00
167.00 169.00
192.50 205.50

192.50-189.50
190.50-165.50
199.50-185.00
157.00-219.50

•
-

1
1

“

39.5
90.0
39.5
90.0
39.5

195.50
198.00
192.50
187.00

190.50
190.50
137.00
189.00

122.00-160.00
125.00-160.00
115.00-160.50
160.50-200.00

*

-

5
2
3

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




*

4

62

57
96
n

3
1
1
”

*
*

*
*

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers—large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is., A pril 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workere

i
85

Mean

(standard

>
■

Median *

vork ers

N um ber of

i

Average
weekly
Middle ranged

$
90

$
95

s

I

100

105

s
110

I

115

r e c e iv in g
$

1

120

130

s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f —
$

$

s
190

150

16J

s
170

$
180

$
190

s

$

200

220

s

i

240

260

1 ---------

280

an d
under

300
and

90

95

-

-

100

105

115

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

over

-

2
-

2

1

2

-

1

-

2

9
7
2

30
18
12

52
35
17

98
67
31

11

12

198
167
31
3
11

175
130
95
18
9

288
218
70
13
16

212
149
68
45
4

-

68
38
30
14
2

20
16
4
2

10

212
190
72
9
10

29
24
5
2

2

170
115
55
4
9

99
67
32
19

2

130
95
35
1
10

1

1

1

3

5

1

2
1

9
8

13
12

26
23

29
29

29
26

24
18

14
12

15
14

5
1
4

3
1
2
-

3
2
1
-

12
lu
2
-

27
25
2
1

96
93
3
-

97
90
7
1

139
115
29
5

90
63
27
11

52
32
20
10

22
11
11
6

6
5
1

3
2
1

60
50
10
1

93
79
19
4

121
89
32
3

120
100
20
2

87
77
10
1

108
79
34
7

61
49
12
6

16
7

21
9
12
3

110

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

SE CRETARIES --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --- ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,7 9 5
1 ,2 8 1
519
125
106

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 6 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

172
193

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 3 7 .0 0
2 9 3 .0 0

2 3 5 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -— ---- — -----PU BL IC UT ILITIES ---------------

963
350
113
39

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
2 1 5 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0

2 1 0 .- 5 0
2 0 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0 -2 2 8 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------ -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------ --------—
PU BL IC UTILITIES ---------------

757
577
180
37

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 5 0 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --- ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

390
211
179

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 9 8 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0 -1 6 9 .3 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 3

929
216
208

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 9 5 .3 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

-— ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

569
932
132

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE TYPISTS -------

72

1 5 8 .5 0

1 5 9 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

910
296
119

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------- ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

393
193
150

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A ----------------

60

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

stenographers, general

-------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------- ----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

$

*

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

9

-

-

-

-

1
•

2

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

2
-

4

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

7
7

6
6

“

*

.

-

.

-

-

1
1

*

-

*

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

-

1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 C - 1 6 9 .5 0

_
-

1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

-

2

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

203
112
91

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

M E S S EN GE RS ---------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

167
89
83

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0

S W IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR S --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

153
90
63

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

o
o

2
2

stenographers, senior

15

1

-

6

32
27
5

17
19
3

31
25
6

59
39
20

62
93
19

63
31
32

59
25
34

22
16
6

25
1
24

13
6
7

31
3
28

2
2
-

18

28
6
22

44
2
92

41
12
29

12
2
10

34
30
4

19
3
16

9

-

-

-

6
6
"

9

15
13
2

25
29
1

55
97
8

97
37
10

91
29
12

31
12
19

25
4
21

17
4
13

18

5

13
11
2

39
35
9

59
93
11

86
76
10

99
77
22

81
69
17

58
90
18

26
19
7

15
10

5

18
5
13

8
1

-

9
7

9

2

7
2
1

-

2
2

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

1
1

•

•

-

-

-

15
12
3

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

1
1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

5

9

19

8

lo

2

5

3

7

3

-

-

7
7

19
13

6

53
99
9

105
73
32

68
98
20

39
32
7

32
22
10

18
11
7

6

-

1
1

6

-

5
1

3
2
1

10
4
6

36
25
11

53
20
33

27
11
16

16
4

25
3
22

18

5
5

1
1

•

-

12

16
5
11

-

-

*

-

6

5

-

7

5

-

2

3
3

3
2
1

3
3

8

12

1

•

m

-

-

-

-

-

7
1

-

19

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

•

•

-

-

5
1
23
16
7

35
30

90
35

5

5

35
32
3

2

-

8

9

8

7

36
27
9

28

18
9
9

18
10

20

8

“

19
11
8

22
17
5

5
3
2

_

15
12

19
11

17
13

3

3

9

2

7
9
3

22
15
7

18
12
6

-

-

-

-

•

1

15
11

1

-

9

19
13
6

12

-

-

8
7
1

9

-

26
9

-

17
12
5

7
5

-

2
1
1

15

-

1
1

2

22

7

17
9
8

•

6

3

5

3

-

-

-

-

•

6

3

5

3

6
1
5

6
5
1

8
3
5

9

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

8
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

8
9
8

8

19

6

-

1
1

-

-

1
5

19
10
9

5
1
9

16
11
5

-

18

•

•
•
-

*

1

-

8

9
9
5

12
6
6

19
10

4

3

10
8

9

1

2

1
7

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of office w o rkers—large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., April 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

o
f

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning
$
85

weekly
Mean

(standard)

*

Median

*

Middle range*

"5

$

s

s

S

of—
s

S

S

s

S

90

95

100

105

n o

n s

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300 over

-

2
1

6
6

19
17

9
9

3
3

2
2

1
1

1
1

4
4

3
3

4
3

-

-

26
14

12
12

58
13

11
10

24
24

12
12

15
15

13
11

17
15

4
4

4
4

3
3

8
8

17
11
6

6
4
2

300

and
under
90

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
$

SWIT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------- -— -------

55
51

ORDER C L E R K S -------- — ---------- --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ -- ---------------------

247
154

$

$

$

40.0 164.00 148.50
40.0 164.00 154.00

140.50-177.30
140.50-177.50

-

-

-

-

40.0
40.0

128.00-180.50
140.50-195.50

-

4

5

-

-

157.50
174.00

142.00
164.00

-

-

-

i
i

-

20
8

4
1

4

3

*

-

-

-

_

-

-

A C CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

431
270
161

39.5 191.50 184.00 159.00-215.00
40.0 195.50 188.00 163.00-219.00
39.0 185.50 176.50 15 6.00-212.5o

AC CO UN TI NG CLEKKS. CLASS B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ------- — ----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

797
320
477
205

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

156.50 152.50
155.50 146.00
157.00 158.00
126.00 126.00

127.00-192.50
127.00-179.30
126.00-195.50
110.00-138.00

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

39.5 178.00 176.00
40.0 186.50 181.00
39.0 161.50 159.00

141.50-205.50
153.50-214.00
124.00-196.00

2

1

-

-

3
3

-----------------------------------------

183
123
60

1

-

2

2

1

-

7

, c l a s s a -----------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

546
277
269

39.5 164.50 161.00 142.50-185.00
40.0 160.00 155.50 140.00-171.00
39.5 169.00 172.00 147.50-185.00

-

1
1

“

1
1

2
•
2

3
3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS b - — ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

384
236
146

39.5 151.00 147.00
40.0 153.50 144.00
39.5 147.00 147.00

_

5

12
7
5

9
4

21
10
11

p a y r o l l

c l e r k s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

k e y p u n c h

o p e r a t o r s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

n u n m a n u f a c t u r in g

-----------------------------

83

134.50

124.50-164.80
126.00-169.50
122.00-162.80

-

-

-

-

5
5

14
6
8

5

8

10
5
5
5

17
6
11
11

38
8
30
19

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
3

5

3

2

•

-

-

1

3

2

19
9
10

43
29
14

43
21
22

41
28
13

53
32
21

34
22
12

29
21
8

62
41
21

37
25
12

33
19
14

35
13
22
22

22
10
12
11

104
46
58
52

67
43
24
24

74
37
37
19

58
27
31
14

47
16
31
7

47
24
23
4

58
21
37
2

105

64
18
46

-

•

•
•

-

25
22
3
1

-

-

-

7

a

-

4
4

22
15
7

9
7
2

16
12
4

11
7
4

16
10
6

16
12
4

13
9
4

23
18
5

16
12
4

4
3
1

10
8
2

3
3
-

6
3
3

37
16
21

72
49
23

76
52
24

63
32
31

77
53
24

40
28
12

97
11
86

8
5
3

27
8
19

24
17
7

11
2
9

1
1
-

_
•

27
18
9

53
32
21

45
37
8

41
22
19

33

5h
21
33

15
8
7

6
3
3

27
17
10

8
8

23
19
4

4

1
1

24
9

24

114.00-162.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

-

-

6

-

n

94
1

•

4
4

3

1
1

3
3

8
8

-

-»
•

„

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

of

S
130

I
1A0

150

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
5
S
S
5
S
S
S
$
$
$
S
240
260
280 300
160
180 200 220
A20 440
380
A00
3A0
360
320
A60 A 8 0

Under
$
130 under
140

150

160

180

-

S

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M edian*

Middle range*

i

200

220

2A0

260

280

300

320

3A0

360

380

A00

A20

440

A60

2
2
—

2
2

1
1

10
5
5

11
5
6

30
13
17

33
25
8

32
20
12

25
15
10

19
1A
5

1?
11
l

7
4
3

11
6
5

16
10
6

22
15
7

3A
12
22

53
23
30

40
30
18

31
21
10

20
17
3

1A
9
5

8
1
7

11
4
7

1A
5
9

11
1
10

6
b

8
8

5
5

3

26
8
18

8
1
7

10
1

-

_

A80 over

ALL WORKERS
COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS A ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

219
128
91

$
$
$
$
39.5 363.00 351.00 318.00-397.00
A0 • 0 360.50 352.00 325.00-391.50
39.5 366.00 3A8.50 31 1.0 0 - A 50.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS 9 ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

291
151
1AO

39.5 31A.00 308.00 2 7 A. 50 -3 A5 .00
A0 •0 309.00 310.50 271.50-339.00
39.0 319.00 295.50 276.00-372.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSIN ES S). CLASS C ------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

101
88

A 0 .0 287.50 278.50 2A 7.50-317.00
39.5 290.00 282.50 2A 7 . 50-319.50

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CLASS A --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

262
105
157

39.5 298.00 285.50 255.50-337.00
A0 • 0 296.00 275.00 257.00-320.50
39.5 299.50 297.50 255.00-353.00

-

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CLASS B --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PU BLIC UT ILITIES ------------

272
115
157
59

39.5
AO.O
39.0
AO.O

2 A 1 .00
2A3.50
239.00
265.00

-

-

-

“

*

-

~

*

”

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

“

*

*

9
3
6

*

“

1
1

5
5

12
10

1A
11

20
15

11
10

15
1A

4
3

11

-

-

-

-

“

9

11

1A
6
8

A7
30
17

A6
20
26

23
13
10

16
7
9

JA
10
£4

6
2
4

23
5
18
*

3A
16
18
6

29
17
12
7

11
6
5
3

15
3
12
12

1

”

74
32
A2
16

13
9
4

*

65
25
40
13

i

-

i
i

1
1

-

-

23
11

8
2

1
1

3
3

3
3

19
7
12

_
”

_
-

_

9

-

“

“

“

232.00
235.00
231.00
2A0.50

21 A.50-262.50
218.50-268.00
21 A.00-255.00
236.00-31o.8C

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ---------------------------

80

39.5 201.50 200.00

182.00-216.50

-

-

3

4

ii

21

23

7

6

3

2A9
no
139

AO.O 209.50 20A.50
AO.O 223.00 221.50
AO.O 198.50 185.00

177.00-239.50
19S.50-2Ac.5o
170.50-23A.u0

-

-

13

-

-

*

-

10
10

13

5A
11
A3

38
2A
1A

33
18
15

39
26
13

29
16
13

22
8
1A

6
4
2

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS B ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

317
156
161

39.5 193.00
AO.O 185.50
39.5 200.50

-

-

19
16
3

16
3
13

22
20
2

6A
33
31

68
33
35

53
27
26

29
8
21

33
12
21

11
3
8

1A7
78
t>9

39.5 166.00 159.50
AO.O 163.00 159.50
39.5 169.00 171.50

150.00-179.5Q
15 2. 00 -1 75 .oO
lA9.50-18t.OC

6
2
4

16
12
4

1A
4
10

AO
32
8

3A
11
23

16
7
9

19
9
10

600
551

AO.O 257.50 253.00 233.50-276.00
AO.O 253.00 250.50 2 3 1. 50 -2 71 .5C

.

-

-

*

3
3

3
3

11
11

55
52

12A
12A

152
150

122
122

50
A9

40
15

DRAFTERS, CLASS 9 ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

368
325

AO.O 216.00 208.00
AO.O 209.50 206.00

10
10

1
1

28
26

91
89

122
122

25
25

32
20

20
11

28
11

9

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

317
272

AO.O
AO.O

19
19

10
8

1
1

65
61

AO.O
AO.O

-

*

2
2
-

3
2
1

1
1

.
.

-

_
-

2
1
1

DRAFTERS. CLASS A ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------

9

.

2
1
1

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS C ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

8

.

2

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

n

-

DR AF TE R- TR AC ER S ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

188.00 162.00-216.50
183.50 160.00 -2 05 .UO
199.50 16b.5&-<e2b. 00

-

-

195.50-237.03
19A.5 0 - 2 1 7 . 5c

_

-

2
2

173.50
175.50

169.00 15A.00-19J.00
170.00 156.50-19j.00

15
lo

15
4

35
33

AO
30

ICO
100

A8
AO

3A
27

1AA.00
1A5.00

1A2.00
1A2.00

132.50-152.00
13A.50-152.00

1A
12

16
1A

18
18

8
8

6
6

2
2

1
1

* W o r k e r s we r e at $120 to $130.
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




7

b

3
c

2
2

5
1
A

_
-

-

1
1

T ab le A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., April 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

S

Average
weekly
hourc1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

130
Under

$

130

an d
under

140

5

$

J

140

150

—

160

$

I

I

5

180

200

220

240

180

225
225

ELEC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS BM A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---- -----------REGI ST ER ED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

S ee

fo o tn o te s

at




end

40.0 205.50 206.00 15 5. 00 40.0 205.50 206.00 155.00-

242.50
242.50

2QQ

22Q

240

26p

41
41

36
36

149
149

40.0 191.00 172.00 155.0040.0 191.00 172.00 155.00-

226.30
226.50

36
36

32
32

145
131

40.0 234.00 223.00 210.50-253.00
40.0 233.50 219.50 210.00-251.50

55
54

o f ta b le s .

8

260

I
280

5
300

$

330

$
340

§

360

$
380

400

|
620

$

|-------J-----

440

460

480

— an3

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
EL EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------

s

m

150

$
160

26
23

280

30Q

32Q

34Q

360

38Q

400

420

440

460

48Q over-

Table A -2 a .

W eekly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
er of worker s receiving straight-time wee kly earnings of—

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

$

Average
weekly

i

S

$

S

$

$

$

s

s

S

$

$

$

$

S

)

S

5 ---------

S

S

120
Mean*

(standard

Median *

190

150

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

440

960

and

Middle ranged

130
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

130

Occupation and industry division

190

150

160

180

200

220

290

26o

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

990

460

980

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

~

“

-

3
3

980

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS A -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S). CLASS 8 -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S IN ES S). CLASS C -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------COMPUTER P R O G RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS A --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ----- — COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---- -------— —
N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — -------- —
PU BLIC UT ILITIES -----------

188

3 9 .5

$
3 7 2 .5 0

1 18
70

9 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 6 5 .5 0
3 8 5 .0 0

$
3 6 2 .0 0
3 5 6 .5 0
3 7 2 .5 0

$
$
3 2 9 .0 0 -9 1 0 .5 0
3 3 0 .0 0 -3 9 7 .3 0
3 2 5 .5 0 -9 5 5 .5 0

253
IBS
108

3 9 .5

3 2 0 .5 0
3 0 8 .5 0

3 1 2 .0 0
3 1 0 .5 0

2 8 1 .5 0 -3 5 1 .0 0
2 7 1 .5 0 -3 3 8 .0 0

_

_

9 0 .0

-

-

3 9 .0

3 3 6 .5 0

3 1 5 .5 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 9 6 .0 0

*

“

9 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 9 0 .0 0
2 9 3 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0

2 5 5 .5 0 -3 1 f.3 o

2 8 9 .0 0

2 5 8 .0 0 -3 2 3 ,5 0

”

*

97
89

212
92
120

3 1 0 .0 0

2 9 7 .5 0

2 9 8 . 5C
3 1 8 .5 0

2 7 b . 50

2 5 3 .0 0 -3 2 f .3 0

3 3 1 .0 0

2 7 1 .5 0 -3 6 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

93
122
59

9 0 .0
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N G N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

157
99
58

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

197
108
89

“

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-2
-2
-2
-3

6
7
6
1

7
1
9
0

.0
.3
.0
.3

-

-

-

10

*

•

*

*

*

•

12

7

19
4

11
1

9

10

3

ii
6
5

93
23

99

31

18

19

7

11

21

15

9

5

20

18

10

3

5

1
6

11
9

19

26

7

20
15

11
10

lb

9

6

8

19

3

6

8

5
5

22

12
S
7

29
8

11
3

26

8

8

21

8

18

1
7

10
1
9

11
6
b
J

15

1
-

1
.

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

18

28

10
1

15

12
16

3
3

10
8

19

19

90
23
17

33
18

3

11

_

.

2

3

2

2
1

i

1
1

i

*

•

•
-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

6

*

*

8

16

92

26

18
29

-

-

13

63
27
36
16

28

5
11

10
18
6

15
11
7

8

18

21
18
3

26

29

-

22
18
4

21
5

16
13

22
8
19

6
4

5
3

2

c

93
29
19

33
19
19

28
7

32
12

-

-

-

-

-

•

20

2
1
1

-

21

8
3
5

6
6

2
2

1
1

3
3

3
3

_

_

2

*

•

•

*

_

.

_

_

_

“

*

•
-

2
2
-

*

_

15

13
9

1 9 2 .0 0 -2 5 5 .3 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

-

-

2 2 9 .0 0

2 2 9 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 9 0 .5 0

1 7 9 .0 C -2 6 0 .0 C

-

-

_

8

11
7

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 0 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0

2 0 1 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0

.
-

3

-

5
3

15
13

28
26

9 0 .0

2 1 7 .5 0

2 2 6 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

-

3

2

2

2

13

29

15

15

3
3

11
11

97
99

108
108

100
98

52
52

93
92

20
9

1
1

25
23

67
65

66
66

15
15

21
19

18
11

25
11

6

23
23

65
65

90
39

16

10
10

10
8

1
1

8
8

6
6

2
2

.

2
2

11
9

35

21

10

18

13
10

15

39

15

8

-

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS C ----

89

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

1

9

909
387

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 0 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0
2 9 9 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 6 ,0 0

-

_

-

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ----------- ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

299
216

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 9 5 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 2 1 ,5 0

*

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----- -— --------

181
163

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

D R A F TE R- TR AC ER S ---- --- ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -— ---- ---

58
58

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

RE GI S T E R E D INDUSTRIAL NURSES --M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

116
105

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 3 8 .0 0
2 3 8 .5 0

2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0

2 1 3 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

2
2

-

.

5

11

"

9

9

12

19
19

15

12
.

_

1
1

.

15

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

9

9

10
7
3

.

2

3
3

2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0

8
9
8
6

*

-

9

18

19

10

-

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
3

"

-

29

18

-

.5
.0
.0
.0

2
2
2
2

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ---------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------




1
1

-

28

25
9

11

-

6
5
8
5

0
0
0
0

-

1

29

10

“

“

1
4

21

5
9

-

9
9
9
6

.0
.0
.0
.5

“

-

5

7
12

9

1
1

1
-

m

-

19

2

1

-

0
0
0
0

2
2
2
2

237
235
237
290

_

2 5 9 .0 0 -3 5 6 .0 0

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

215

“

-

3
12
12

2

-

9

-

1

1
5
5

_

2
2

1

1

.

_

Table A -3 . A verage w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex.
in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Average
(mean2 )

( me n I )
A V"

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
heurs 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 5 occupation, and industry division

AL v U U ti | Il \ L L t ^ i* j i
i)

ILA j j A
76

3 9 .5

,

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

. r- T

^ r-

667
281

4 0 .0

/ n
•J
!

386
11*
68

2 1 7 .5 0
u <-6. j 0

f ,

F ILL CLERt'S? CLAbj t
i
f-9

” ”

515
563

*

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5
1 9 1 .5
1 8 3 .5
2 1 8 .0

40.

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0

^0*0
3 8 .5

130 50
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

A
3 9 ,5
678
441

/A
92

109*^0

'

*r

117.00

A

n a

39

5

0 30

3 9 .5

.>5

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

517
266
251

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

41

*P..Arr,.n,.rnr

648

3 9 .5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 9 .5

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

3 9!5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 2 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

200
118
82

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

1AA « ,
} J:* 2 ?

3 6 6 .0 0

242

3 1 7 .0 0
3 1 1 .5 0
3 2 3 .5 0

82
70

2 9 5 .5 0
2 9 9 .5 0

86

3 0 0 .0 0

183
91

2 4 2 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

A

1/^

*,.

, Q,

/A

\uU>J 1 Hu j b *

9

Aj j

w

_

^

COMPUTER PROG RA MM ER S

1 7 4 .5 0

(BUSINESS),

1 i f "r-A

2 0 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

n on
/ a r
A
J .0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1

390

39

17 ^*n n
.**?*??

1
An
1 u *00

1 2 4 .0 0
Vi n

J 'V i U . J
L'
L

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),
2 4 7 .5 0

92

*■ 1 4 7 . 0 0
r
1 4 6 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

296

1 6 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

35

LUMr d 1LK U< LKfi 1JK b| LL A j J t'

220
94

2 1 0 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0

111
93

1 2 6 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

592
543

4 0 .0

2 5 8 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0

" "

■■■■■•■

3 8 .5

1 3 6 .5 0

567

3 9 .5

1 ^ 9 .5 0

39*0

Av 1 UKil»vJ

86

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

152

MnNUr

CL AS j A

4 6 .5 0

0.0 1
1

/ A A

1 6 5 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

B-*B

Ar
i *00

1 4 4 .0 0

^A^A

1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
MAINUr

TYPISTS* CLASS A

••••••••••■•••••••

57

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




3 6 5 .0 0
3 6 7 .5 0

129

.,„
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 8 I 50
1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 0 . -.0

4 0 .0

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

39.0

2 3 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

f•

113

39
l

r

A

60
83

IS'' "o

247

2 0 3 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

_

30
to

^0
2 3 1 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

Weekly
earnings *
[standard)

642
339
303

273

__

j

1 2 4 .0 0

0
0
0
0

3 9 .5
vL. n j j

Weekly

*

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

c

676
333
343
29

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 0 . ->0

38I 5

3 9 .6
b t v K L 1A H I L i

Number
of

standard)

^

144
297

1 6 7 .0 0

FILE CLERKS? CLASS C

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S W O M E N — CO NTINUED

*Y 2 2 3 .0 0
• V 2 2 6 . 0C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

(mean*)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CO NTINUED

$
62

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

59
52

Number
of

10

Av •UK 1iilj

*
■

Table A -3 . A verage w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex.
in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A pril 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFES SI ON AL a n d TECHNICAL
OCCU PA TI ON S - H E N — CO NTINUED

and

AO .0 218.50
gq

q

b-

40.0

'■*00
208

/A A
'0 0

136

177.00
176.03

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S
COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),
(BUSINESS),

-

T *"0

__1 ^ ^ ^

„ r, r-

. -r ^ r-,

^^

IQ

40.0 191.50

11

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

64
l
.89.00

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
156.50
156.00

89
65

39.0 238.50
39.0 242.50

68

39.0 210.50

, ^^

u

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of
worken

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - W O M E N — CO NTINUED

technical

See footnotes at end of tables.




Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

Z37

technicians, class

Weekly
(standard)

professional

339

electronics

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worken

234.00

Table A -3 a . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

»,

39.0
40 • 0

If

•j U

tir r
-

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S

-

1 DU'U IP i L j j * ♦

v t Mj j

U

J ‘r ‘r

1Oo
_

171

o r / ' 1i ^ » . n Tr ^
, £

34

1r J
o *i

39.5 194.00
40.0 19c.5G
192.50
40.0 223.00
165.00

SWITCHBOARD O P tR AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

82

295.50
299.50

40.0 156.00

____ _

_

_

_

114

®*
/ A

«

«-

' • oo

yA a
40*0
-.rt «

^ r-/-

179

742
295
447

MANUF ACTURI t 0
f

187.50
*:14.50

*57

39.5 166.50
40.0 157.50
177.00

. T

^ -

„

' U H L Im

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSfS
l OUo I N t o o i i

w— ———

,Q ^

c-.-O.0C

39 5

l '"

oc

152.00
157.00
.0 126.50
171 50
'0*0 179.50
39.0 156.50

_ _

r

/ A
/ A

A
A

39.5
1 1 Aj J

A
379

r-Tr-^^

S , .r»L7
'

„ „ ,

r
->

187
545
277
268

164 00
40.0 160.00
39.5 168.50

177lio
134.50

40.0

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S
CL A j j A

j j

A

176
112

*

39.5 374.00
366.50
386.00

(BUSINESS),

COMP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S
CLASS 0 * —— *
*

(BUSINESS),
■
■

55

59

140.5C

9 ®*2

1 UN l ' ’ u

n

147
43
83

U 11L 1 I 1t o

157.50

60

89

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

39.5 152.50

40.0

185.00

At

_______ r ^

40.0 185.00

40.0
410

35

Mm INUi

U K A* 1 t K j f

40.0 166.00
162.00

TYPISTS. CLASS A ---------------------

145 5C
158.50

'0

161.00
203

A A
7 0 .0
a
A

*2?
• 00

y O.U
A*A

39.5 212.00
2 1 1 . PC
-rO.O

b ,

3CC

39.5 2 3 6 . 5C
31.5 «.4t . j 0

{B US I N E S S ) .

9 0.0
9*2

177

v,U nr w 1 t**

UT

I L ^^

RH A t T J T v
1 P /L

86

162.00

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




"

91

87

_______ _

,

141.0C
129.50
155.00

CO MPUTER PROG RA MM ER S

SEtlrflARIcSf CL^SS C

Weekly^
(standard)

WOMEN

l
i

____ ______

Weekly
hours >
standard)

$

39.5 23 0 . 0C
55

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NTINUED

142. ,0
T .p,'

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S WO ME N — CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

.

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of
workers

12

AA

,„ „

_ .

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m ain te n an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

3 ----------5 ---------1 ----------5 ---------"5--------- i ---------- * --------- $
-5-------- T --------- i --------- s
$
4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0

Number

Occupation and industry division
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
4 .0 0

i —
$
9 .0 0 9 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

2
1
1

-

20

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

4

2
2

4
4
“

5
5
-

31
14
17
17

13
-

27
27
-

56
41
15
15

10
10

10
6

13
13

-

4
-

*

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

17
17

37
37

44
44

50
50

87

293

200

17

80

121
120

210

153

12

-

3
3

3
3

14

23
23

-

14
7

1

10

2
2

1

*

*

-

5
3

28
28

37
35

16

70
70

47
47

44
24

5

2

101

477
466

211

32
25
7

63
41

11

22

4

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

-

-

-

-

9
9

9
9

4
4
-

-

.

.

•

•

-

*

*

*

63
54

7 .5 5
7 .4 9

7 .5 2
7 .5 2

6 .8 4 6 .7 0 -

8 .1 3
8 .0 4

73

7 .1 5
6 .9 6

6 .8 9
6 .8 9

6 .3 1 6 .3 1 -

8 .6 1
7 .6 5

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------

669
634

7 .7 0
7 .7 1

7 .7 9
7 .7 4

6 .9 4 6 .9 4 -

8 .6 5
8 .6 5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACH IN ERY) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 .4 6 0
1 .3 2 9
131

6 .5 5
6 .5 4

6 .6 8

6 .7 8
6 .7 3
6 .6 3

6 .1 4 6 .1 4 5 .8 0 -

6 .8 9
6 .3 9
7 .4 2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

535
142
393
379

7 .0
7 .1
7 .0
7 .0

6 .8
6 .8
7 .0
6 .9

6
6
6
6

-

8 .0 9
7 .8 6
8 .0 9
8 .0 9

-

*

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

310
281

7 .2 7
7 .4 7

7 .3 5
7 .3 5

6 .7 6 6 .8 1 -

7 .7 4
7 .7 4

-

-

—
g --------------------- --------- — ------

123
123

6 .9 7
6 .9 7

6 .8 9
6 .8 9

6 .3 1 6 .3 1 -

7 .2 9
7 .2 9

-

*

•

*

------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------

315
309

7 .3 5
7 .3 4

7 .4 4
7 .4 4

6 .7 9 6 .7 6 -

7 .7 1
7 .7 1

.

.

-

*

*

------------------------------------------------------------

206
136

5 .5 5
5 .5 3

6 .0 0
5 .5 0

5 .3 1 5 .3 1 -

6 .1 2
6 .0 0

6

6
6

OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) ■
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------

672
669

6 .9 3
6 .9 3

7 .2 2
7 .2 2

6 .1 8 6 .1 8 -

7 .5 8
7 .5 8

-

-

-

_

*

*

*

1 .0 9 4
1 .0 9 4

7 .5 1
7 .5 1

7 .7 0
7 .7 0

7 .2 1 7 .2 1 -

7 .7 6
7 .7 6

EN GIN EERS --------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------

132
105

6 .6 2
6 .6 8

7 .0 7
7 .1 4

5 .7 9 5 .7 9 -

7 .2 2
7 .2 2

-----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------- — --------- ------------------

313
266

5 .7 3
5 .9 0

5 .6 5
5 .8 1

4 .8 3 4 .8 3 -

7 .0 4
7 .0 5

p a in t e r s

MANUFACTURING ---------

sh e e t- m etal

w orkers

M ILLW RIG H TS

trades

helpers

M A C H IN E -T O O L

TOOL ANO D IE MAKERS ----------------------------------M A N U FA CTU RIN G -------------------------------------------S T A T IO N A R Y

tenders

206
124
82
45

$
6 .7 0
6 .8 0
6 .5 5
6 .4 3

1 .1 0 3
931

101

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

b o il e r

s
8 .6 0

6 .4 0

5 .0 0

6 .2 1
6 .2 1

m a n u f a c t u r in g

s

6 .2 0

4 .8 0

$
6 .9 5
6 .9 1
6 .9 5
6 .9 5

m a in t e n a n c e

8 .2 0

6 .0 0

4 .6 0

-

m a n u f a c t u r in

*
7 .8 0

5 .8 0

4 .4 0

$
6 .1
6 .4
6 .1
6 .1

m a in t e n a n c e

I
7 .4 0

$
9 .8 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

WORKERS

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------

m a in t e n a n c e

S
7 .0 0

s

5 .6 0

4 .2 0

ALL

6.6 0

Under and

6
4
4
3

$
6 .5 3
6 .7 0

9
9
2
5

.2
.6
.2
.0

3
9
3
4

5
3
3
5

“

-

.

-

-

*

*

*

*

•

-

-

.

-

2
1
1

17
17

“

-

•

-

_

*

*

6
2

8
8

.

•

-

”

*

3
3

17
17

1
1

19
17

25

5
4

7
7

12
12

67
47

102
102

22

20

*

2

1

*

20

“

8

145
1 41
4

138
137

b

1

22

11

3

6

17

2

2

6

-

1

•

-

58
55
3
3

27
15

-

3
3
3

33
14
19
18

140

-

-

50

-

-

-

71
9
62
62

4

-

17
4
13
13

77

-

12
8

48
41

134
134

4
4

9

9

-

5

*

“

5

4
4

5
4

-

60
52

70
70

61

*

5
5

60

1
1

-

-

-

3

3

31
31

i
1

30
30

26
26

16
16

2
2

6
6

16
16

12
12

36
36

60
60

104
98

25
25

-

"

*

-

•

-

3
3

-

*

15
15

14

10

79

1
76
75

1

188
23

111
109

-

1
1

~

-

-

-

5

*

•

5

1
1

.

-

-

-

-

4

*

*

"

*

“

11
11

*

4

9
9

12
2

13
13

3
3

6
6

2
2

18
18

25
20

6
5

2
2

93
45

9
9

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

17
17

26
26

56
56

25
25

23
23

22
22

19
18

12
10

94
94

76
7b

217
217

-

50
50

40
46

109
109

187
187

2

10
1
16
16

“

“

“

*

12
12

“

10
10

*

4
3

5
-

13
13

11
11

5
5

1
1

12
8

55
55

35
35

12
12

3
2

17
13

11
11

19
19

12
12

•

*

*

*

-

-

-

*

-

2

-

4
4

*

-

.

27
27

-

-

~

_

1

-

-

47
10

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1
1

13

'(L

3

3

15

9

-

1

*

*

*

2
2

31
29

-

24
15

2

-

*

*

-

•

“

*

.
-

•
-

31
31

-

-

-

-

•

•
•

-

-

-

*

285
285

“

133
115

-

*

_
_

1
1

1
-

11

-

-

-

6
8

*

-

51

*

-

*

20
20

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
60

20
20

5
5

-

-

-

409
409

155
155

53
53

56
58

5
5

-

”

57
52

6
5

4
4

72
70

7
4

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

T ab le A -4 a .

H ourly earnings of m ain tenance, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w o rkers—large establishm ents

in M ilw a u k e e , W is., A pril 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
T
T
T
1 ---------“J--------- $
T
— $

Hourly earnings 4

s

$

1 --------- 1 --------- ■J---------" i
8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 « 9 .2 0

4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

■5--------- ? --------- S
S
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

4 .2 0 u n d er
4 . ‘+0 4 . 6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .60

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8*40

-

2
2

4
4

5
5

-

15
15

“

6
4
2

*

46
31
15
15

•

13
13

14
12
2

*

21
4
17
17

13

-

17
17

35
35

33
33

44
44

34
33

51
45

49

3
3

1
1

14
10

2
2

2
2

21
21

5

S
4 •2 0

Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

M ean 2

Median*

Middle range

r~ ~
9 .6 0

U n d er and

*

5 .4 0

8 ,8 ( J

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

over

16
4
12

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$
-

99
6

. 3

•1

.

”

6*91
C*31

7*C7

“

-

_

6*09
8.35
8.65

6*90
S7S
-A0

7*1*0
f. 0

n*f'"
8 .6 ^

-

“

-

(MACHINERY) -

831

6.92
c.oo

6.78- 7.34
6.76
7.t 3

2
1

2

*

3
3

6.89

_

l ’^
145
262
251
MA IN TE NA NC E S h EE T-METAL WORKERS --,r . ,nT/-, ,rr
.
--

123
306

*

6

*'1"
’

*

514

c*rn

6.97
6.97

6.89
0.09

,

7*77

7 /v
7* A/
* **

7.19

^1 1

6 .0 0

99

7.58
7.
,

925

6.31- 7.29
6.31
7.c_9

^ 31

61"

❖ W o r k e r s we re distributed as follows:
** W o r k e r s we re at $ 10 to $ 10.40.

6.75- 7.58
6.77
7.jb
^

286
285

3
2

5
5

12
12

3
3

20
20

14
14

30
30

26
26

33
33

129
129

230
223

82
67

143
131

62
50

19

6

13
11

_

_

3
3

24

66

22
22

41

31
31

•

-

-

-

•

-

35
35

17
7
10

-

18
18

32
29
3
3

8
8

-

21
21

36
28

12
12

68
67

52
52

1
1

-

-

*

2
2

8

-

“

20
20

11
11

17
4
13
13

-

5
5

5
5

5
5

1
1

11
11

«

2
2

18
18

18
13

10

11

10

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*
6
6

-

.
-

-

-

-

_

_

*

-

-

9
9

6

*
.

3
3

31
31

1
1

3

3

27
27

14
14

17
17

11
11

4
4

9
9

6
6

16
16

12
12

12
12

15
15

19
19

84
84

86

1

-

80

1

*

6

2
2

93
45

1
1

5

-

-

.

-

-

-

•L
f

_

5

-

5

-

“

*

“

*

*

*

21
21

10
10

22
22

19
18

12
10

18

39
39

232
232

54
54

29
29

14
14

.

lo

14
14

-

11

10
10

50
50

18

37

40

-

8
8

-

-

18

37

40

38
36

199
199

295
295

159
159

62
62

9
9

*

13
13

11
11

1
1

16

•

•

2

12

39
37

.

5

2
1

-

5

9

-

*

*

*

3

14

11
11

11
11

12
12

3
3

1
1

15

69
69

10
5

•

-

-

-

•

-

4

1

-

-

-

“

3

-

r -r
- ,r -r
»

4
4

_

9
8

1
1

32

32

12
12

-

_

-

14

6

•

*

~

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

-

-

*

-

.

117 at $9.60 to $10; and 16 at $ 10 to $ 10.40.

A

1
65
65

_

4

~

„

-

6

6

5
4

_

j j

*133
115

•
*

3
3

-

-

2

b* 30

-

16

-

,
w

15
15

11

“

54
42

-

-

14
7

2

96
94

-

_

_

16
16

-

3

-

*

28
28

-

3

12
12

16
18

-

5
5

8
6

16
10

-

8
2

12
12

21
19

-

10
6

129
91

14
14

1
1

_

*
143
122

3

_

-

263
186

49

_
-

-

-

5
5

*

1
1

_

-

1
1

*

1
1

-

-

1

1

3
3

5.79- 7.22

» • # . >rnr
»-.
*^

1
-

-

8
8

1

.

_

7
7
«

2
2

-

7*
- f
..

6

_

7*^3

113
(TOOLROOM) -

-

_

6*' ^

I- * 1 ?

r

_

-

fV t
C* C l




1
1

*

_

MA IN TE NA NC E m e c h a n i c s

T r
.

“

4
4

0*19

7 70

MA CH IN E- TO OL OHER AT OR S

“

-

963

I LNAN/L
l

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S

6

-

2

10

“
5

5

1

2

15

9

-

8

-

“

**5l
51

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Hourly eanDings

N u m b e r of workers receiving str aight-time hourly e irning s of—

4

3
5
$
s
»
s
$
t
>
s
S
s
$
s
$
2.20 c.3o 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4 . 2 0

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean 2

Median2

S
S
s
i
$
$
$
4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7 . 0 0

i
$
1 --7.40 7.80 8.20

and
under

Middle range 2

and

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

4 .2 0

4.60

5.00 5 •40 5.80 6.20 6.60

7.0 0

183

170

7.40 7.80 8.20 over

ALL WORKERS
$ __

$

$

$
L0

TRUCKDRIVERSt MEDIUM TRUCK -------

564
3«-4

70

5.61
4.74

40
1-4

7*3i
3 ^0

6

3.50
3.50

1.887
1.384

7* Oy
7* R f
^ 90

J«25

4.76

5.59
4.80

4.71- 7.31
3.7j
_..j9

T *« «

^■*?t

7

41

ro

nr
1^

41

20

1

40

*

-

-

-

-

-

844
844
844

U

1

T8

®
48
-

289

16

36

-

5

40
114

-

24

6

10

84

8

15
15

44

-

1
32

64

44

161

-

-

-

10

TRUCKDRIVERSt HEAVY TRUCK
772

c"*~09

7.8*

SHIP PI NG CLERKS

----------------------------------------------------

628
543

6.49
6.60

c* ^
6.12
5.70

■
“*0^
0 * ’^
5.70- 7.86

252

5.50

5.48

5.00- 6.39

110

'

5*48

"

-

7

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

7

7

-

-

-

1

424

259

3^9

3

-

24

19
T9

17
12
5

79

92

188
168

48

12
2

1
1

4
4

-

43
33

30
8
22

31

67

13

4

4

66
56
10

38
34

30

8

20

28

20
16

53
53

10
80

51
29
24

30
29
1

89
89

5*79

10

145

4.76

259
26
233

163
163

63
63

201
201

466
403
63

254
254

5i35

4*^9

5 .0 0

4.96

5

m

1
1

*"17
.0 0 -

6 .0 0

3 . 80-

5 .4 5

3*73

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

24

-

-

-

9

?*74

j

0?

-

A

77

-

-

13

7

51

62

89

30

12

48

34

^7

14

'
/*7C

-

_
'

K*

40

34

n^NUr AL 1UKI™v

ro

*

77

34

21

7 •6 4

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

15

258
258

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

1

47
44

23
-

23

37

152
151

99

57

-

17

1

24

63




209

110
no

'O'* c
a
o

1*219

5

-

00

ORDER FI LL ER S ------------------------

-

38
10
5

c

3

-------------------------------------------------

-

10

33

manufacturing

1

7.86- 8.00

'" 'l l

----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

39
ho

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
1m w K 1iIW® 1n * XL &K |
>
nonmanufacturing

j 86

I* 2 .

*1

Table A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1 9 7 6 — Continued
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

earnings

$

"S
1
I
S
S
I
i
$
$
S
I
$
$
$
I
$
*
i
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60

Number

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

o
f
workers

M ea n2

Median2

Middle range 2

an d
u nder

1 ---- 1 -----5--.00 7.40 7.80 8.20

_

2.30 2,40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00

.40 7.80 8.20 'over

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
$

$

$

$
120

5.15- 6.53
GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------- ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G
w atc h m en

-------------------------------------------------

1.479
399
1.080

3.26
4.96
2.64

2 .6 0

5.01
2.55

2.40- 3.95
4.25- 5.67
2.33- 2.60

-

238

4.70

4.76

4.00- 5.19

-

-

328
-

328

150
-

150

75
-

75

416

15
-

15

-

-

-

51
7
44

4
3
1

15
13
2

38
35
3

24
22
2

25
17
8

65
57
8

45
45

7

-

41b

3

13

15

18

17

27

36

-

61
51
10

58

22

22

59
59

49
49

56
41
15

3
3

“

-

-

*

*

:
-------------------------------------------------

161

5.36

5.51

4.59- 6.23

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------- -- --------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------- --------- -- ---------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

3.445
1.393
2.052
140
192

3.67
4.94
2.80
4.48
3.26

3.25
4.95
2.40
4.73
3.13

2.404.462.303.302.60-

m a n u f a c t u r in g

4.78
5.50
3.00
5.45
3.68

-

47
47

-

811
1
810

-

258
18
240
-

11

22

-

-

174
1
173

132

136

-

132

-

136

-

8

32

See footnotes at end of tables.




16

-

9

103
13
90
2
37

-

180
51
129
59
11

-

20

4

59
2
57

49
22
27
3
9

87
46
41

94
79
15

-

-

7

-

-

10

-

30

9

1

27

29

41

276
211
65
2
30

321
292
29
28
1

95
87
8
8
-

41^
401
13
12
1

104
87
17
16
1

93
82
11
1
-

-

4

*

-

8

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

8
8
-

“

Table A -5 a . Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers—large establishm ents
in M ilw a u k e e , W is., A pril 1976
Hourly earnings 4

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
S----------- S----------- S----------15----------- 5 ----------- $ ----------- 5 ----------- 1 ----------- 5 ----------- 5 ----------- 1 ----------- 5 ----------- 5 --------- f 5
4 .6 0
3.80 4.0 0
4.20
4.40
2.40
2.80
3.60
2.60
3.40
2.30
2.50
3.00
3.20

M e an 2

Median*

1

i

6.60

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7.b0

8.2 0

over

75
53

146
145

205
5

56
1

1
5.00

5

5

5.40

5.80

I
6.20

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

41
37

30
25

5------------ ----------- ----------- 5 ----------- f

and

Middle range *

and

under
2.40

ALL

3.00

2.80

3.20

4.00

3.80

3.60

3.40

4.60

4 .4 0

W O RKERS
598

$
6 .7 2

$
6 .9 5

295

6 .3 3

6.90

-------------------------------------------------

246
156

6.85
6.57

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

130
89

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

219

T R U C K D R IV E R S -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S *

2.60

2.50

4.20

HEAVY

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

$
6 .4 2 5 .8 5 -

$
7.31
6.92

6.90

6 .7 5 6 .4 2 -

7.21
6.92

5 .7 5
5.83

5 .8 2
5.91

5 .3 8 5 .2 5 -

6.21
6.21

9
8
6
8

5 .1 7
5 .5 7
5 .1 7
5 .1 7

4
4
3
3

6.2
6.2
6.5
6.8

7
7

3

10
lo

1
1

1

1
1

3

5

3

14

32

91

40

56

•

-

3

5

3

14

32

91

5

1

*

-

5
5

4
2

4
4

-

-

*

“

8

20
1
19

1
“

3

TRUCK

•

-

-

1

-

.

-

.

3
2

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

1

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

*

“

6
6

10
5

12
12

28
6

21
21

34
25

16
14

25

30
28

10

14

3

27
24

1
-

14
14

3

3
3

1

21
16
5

42

10
10

1

D

24

84

-------------

53

5 .9 9

5 .7 8

5 .4 4 -

6.5 0

O R D E R F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

501
229

5.29
5.48

5.4o
5.3 6

4 ,2 5 5 .1 4 -

6.48
5.99

•

-

.

-

23

28

7

7

12

-

34

19

2
2

27
26

----------------------------------------

272

5 .1 4

6 .4 8

3 .7 3 -

6.48

-

-

-

“

23

28

7

7

12

-

34

19

-

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ------- -- ------------------------ ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------- -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

612
402
210

5.15
5 .5 4
4.41

5.31

4 .2 3 -

6.05

6
-

1
-

2
-

-

59

4

-

54

4

7

5

5

6

29

3
1

17
-

65

5.95
6.48

5
-

4

5 .0 4 3 .1 5 -

5
-

29

5 .4 6
3.96

7
•

17

1

2

6b

*

5

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S ------------- -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

1,725
1.392

5.70
5.95

5.4 1
5.4 1

8
-

4
-

19
-

7
“

12
-

10
-

11
-

24
3

----------------------------------------------

4 .4 5
4.2 5

3 .1 9 -

4.90

11
11

d
8

4
4

19
19

7
7

12
12

10
10

11
11

4
4
4

3
-

4 .6 3
4 .0 2

6.4*.
6.45
5.83

11
-

333
244

4 .9 0 5 .1 8 3 .6 5 -

3
3

21
21

56
28
28
28

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

1 .78 8
1 .58 8

6.07
6.09
5.98

6.1 3

5 .7 9 5 .8 1 5 .1 7 -

6.90
6.90
6.55

66
66

3
3

R E T A IL
AND

TRADE

----------------------------------------------

R E C E IV IN G

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
R E T A IL

TRADE

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C LE RK S

----------------------------------------

----------------------------------------

127
92

200

.3
.4
.2
.1

6 .9 2

5
5
5
5

S H IP P IN G

6.1 3
6.0 5

.4
.7
.9
.9

0
7
3
3

-

0
0
2
0

*

_

5.10
5.10
4 .5 7

4 .3 5 4 .4 1 -

5.94
5.94

1
*

4

-

1
-

1

-

3 .9 9 -

6.43

“

1

4

1

1

1
3

GUARDS!
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------------

202

4 .8 3

4 .9 2

4 .2 5 -

5.19

-

-

-

-

-

:
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------------

138

5 .5 3

5.9 4

4 .8 3 -

6.50

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S * P O R T E R S . A N D C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

1,23 6
973

4 .9 5
5.24

5.2 2
5.41

10
-

13

11
-

22

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S
-----------------------------------

263

3.91

-

11
-

22
-

12

4 .4 3
3.19

10
-

13

134
104

3.30
4.7 5
2.91

-

2

9

9

8

20

9

6

4

18
24

2

21
4

5

-

_

-

-

*

•

1

“

19

16

3

1
1

5

10

-

5

6

-

-

91
91

39
38

56
54

99
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

2

82

57
1
56

17
17

113
113

105
105

58
58

78

“

-

-

-

83
46
37
37

279
211
63
bJ

131
131
-

415
415
-

90
66
24

225

-

-

-

36
36

122
116

145
76

77
77

1

6

4.91

5.09
5.12

10

340
59

399

-

-

-----------------------------------------

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

24
9

2

11
67

3
2

2
2

1
1

6
6

4
3

8
7

24

14

23

12

25
17

1

1

1

2

8

13
6

1

3

7

7

12

17

13

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

12

9
-

70
•

24
17

26
26

76
74

9

70
59

10
2
8
-

18
6
12

7
-

-

2

-

11

8

19

31
29

39

35

-

560
534

251
165

26

49
49

61

*

55
55

.

17
17
-

•

"

69

91
85
6
6

-

11
11

_

-

-

247
247
-

-

“

-

-

515
515

11

2
-

.

.

-

-

86

-

11

2

*

*

56
41

3
-

-

-

51

-

-

-

-

10

15

3

“

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

160
65

-

-

-

-

2

"

14

30

54

22

22

-

15

9

1

27

29

41

-

-

-

-

-

79
76

68
60
8

410
397
13

93
76
17

93
82

4
-

6

•

.

_

-

11

4

6

*

-

-

3

182
15?
25

1

1

29

8

16

1

-

-

-

*

1

1
3

6

2

12
1

-

-

w a tc h m e n

R E T A IL

TRADE

----------------------------------------------

4 .4 6 4 .7 3 2 .9 5 -

5.61
5.63
4 .7 5

3 .3 0 “
2 .5 9 -

5.43
3.59

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




17

3
9

7

-

-

1

-

-

-

T a b le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, to olroom , p o w erp lan t, m a te ria l m ovem ent.
and custodial w o rkers, by sex, in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

M A IN T E N A N C E .
PO W ER P LAN T

TOOLROOM ,

O C C U P A T IO N S

N umber
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings

AND
-

m a t e r ia l

m o vem ent

and

O C C U P A T IO N S

M EN
206
124
82
AS

Number
of
workers

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

-

Average
( me an 2 )
hourly
earnings4

$
6.70
6.83
6.5 5

2.9 3 3
1,06 0
1,873
1,37 0

6.4 3

$
6.3 6
5.61
6.7 9

101

WAPlUr

AL

M E C H A N IC S

(M A C H IN E R Y )

-

7.7 0
7.71

1*061

1.46 0
1 ,32 9

T R U C K D R IV E R S . H E A V Y T R U C K
( T R A I L E R ) -----------------------------------------------

r-1 . T

»»■>. . .

_

_

___

~

— .......
r1,02 3
GUARDS:

772

6.5 4

7.72
w atc h m en

T R U C K D R IV E R S *

i
393
379

$

^ ,

7.28

172

7.15
6.96

669
634

1UK 11,0

M A IN T E N A N C E

5 56
4 .7 4

r_r"

7 .4 9

.. .

'■ * O-'
’
4 .3 4
4.11

324

7

Average
( me an2 )
hourly
earnings4

7 .2 5

143

1.10 3
931

Number
of
workers

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T A N D C U S T O D IA L
O C C U P A T IO N S M E N — C O N T IN U E D

c u s t o d ia l

M EN

207

„i r

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

HEAVY

:

TRUCK

161

nr

7 l 7
7.0 4

J A N IT O R S .
628
543

5 .0 8

C LE AN ER S

------

5.6 6
5.7 6

263

AND

6 .4 9
6.69

227
164
63

7.03

PO RTERS.

2 ,50 2
1.14 9

3.88

1.353
5.4 8

310
281

107

4.77

204
13A

5 .5 6

303

5.41
5.77

6.9 3
6.9 3

172

— ----------

-------

7 .3 5
7.34

51

M IL L W R IG H T S

W ORKERS

6.97

671

S H E E T -M E T A L

123

31S
309

M A IN T E N A N C E

7.27
7.47

6.1 5

M A T E R IA L

321

5.4 8

J A N IT O R S . P O R T E R S .
MAriUr A L 1UK 1 no

1.01 4
954

5.3 8
5.36

138

m a t e r ia l

' " “ m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------




.

^ ^ ^

~.r- -.w
-

660
1.09 4
1.094
^_ Trt. . ^

w rn .

6.62
6 .6 8

312
265

5.78

AND
-

C U S T O D IA L

W OMEN
3.67

80
H A N D L IN G

119
76

LA BO R E R S

7.51

132
105

5

m o vem en t

O C C U P A T IO N S

5.90

wtKV 1 vLb

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

18

AND

C LE AN ER S

-------

4.61

943

3.11




T ab le A -6 a . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom .
p o w erp lant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers, by s e x large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is., April 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M A IN T E N A N C E
PO W ER PLAN T

TOOLROOM ,

O C C U P A T IO N S

Number
of

Average
(m ean *)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

AND
-

m a t e r ia l

m o vem ent

O C C U P A T IO N S

M EN

-

and

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

c u s t o d ia l

M E N — C O N T IN U E D

$

$

^99
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

62
45

7 .1 1

OOO

71
-----------------------------------------

149

6 .2 5

-------------------------------------------------

1*3 5 5

5 .9 6

-----------------------------------------

*1 9 1

5 .9 8

-------

928

5 .1 9

-----------------------------------

64

5 .4 6

308
185

4 .2 5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T S ---------- -------- -------------

575
-.A O

7 .9 0
7 .9 3

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC S

831

6 .9 2

( M A C H IN E R Y )

-

766
m a n u f a c t u r in g

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------------

120
145

7 .2 8
6 *67
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M A IN T E N A N C E

-----------------------------

P IP E F IT T E R S

262
251

7 .7 2
7 .7 6

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

123

(> '.9 1

m a n u f a c t u r in g

-------------------------------------------------

300

7 .3 6

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------------

111

5 .5 6

G

97
GUARDS!

w atc h m en

j a n it o r s

M A C H IN E - T O O L

OPERATORS

(T O O L R O O M )

:

,

p o r t e r s

,

and

c le a n e r s

tlO
P U B L IC

-------------------------------------------------

925

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

110
99

6 .6 5
6 .6 8

B O I L E R T E N D E R S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

206
195

6 .2 3
6 .2 3

583
294

6.71
6.33

U T IL IT IE S

7 .5 7

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

m a t e r ia l

m o vem ent

O C C U P A T IO N S

M A T E R IA L

M OVEMENT

O C C U P A T IO N S
T R U C K D R IV E R S

AND
-

c u s t o d ia l

WOMEN

C U S T O D IA L
M EN

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

manufacturing

1KUVINUXI

and

-

ntMV f |RUV»i'

M A 1t “ lA L H A N U L U tu LADUKLKb

*

,

j a n i t o r s * p o r t e r s # and

cleaners

—
-------

AP.
50

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

19

Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts,
in M ilw a u k e e , W is., for selected periods
In d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g rou p
(m e n and w o m e n co m b in e d )

M a y 1972
to
M a y 197 3

M a y 1973
M a y 1974

M a y 1974 to A p r i l 1975
11 - m on th
in c r e a s e

A n n u a l ra te
o f in c r e a s e

A p r i l 197 5
to
A p r i l 1976

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ______ _________________ _ ------- -- --------E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g -------------- ---------- _
-----..
- I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ________ _ .
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * -------- ------------U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * ----------------------------------------

5 .5
*
5.2
5 .4
5 .9

7 .2
*
6 .9
7 .6
8 .0

8.7
8 .5
9 .4
10.2
8.8

9 .5
9.3
10.3
11.2
9.6

8.3
8 .0
8.2
8.6
9 .3

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ---------------------- -- --------------I n d u s tria l n u r s e s ------- ------------------------------ ---------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ---------------------------------U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s * * ----------------------------------------

5 .0
*
5.2
5.1
5 .8

7 .0
*
7.1
7 .4
8.1

8.6
8.5
9 .6
10.9
11.2

9 .4
9.3
10.5
11.9
12.3

7 .7
7 .9
7 .6
8.3
9 .3

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________ _____ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g _ _ ---------------- ----------In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ---- -- -----------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ----------------------------- __
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * ___________________
____

6 .3
*
***
***
6 .3

7 .4
*
***
***
8.1

8.8
8.8
***
***
4 .7

9.6
9 .6
***
***
5.1

9.1
8.2

*
**
***

Data not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s en d in g p r io r to
D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

***
9 .4

1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly .

Footnotes
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
a n d h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ifi c a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .




20

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da t a a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anufac­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber of w o r k e r s are om itted b e ca u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Sep arate tabu lation s are p r o v id e d f o r e a ch
o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sam p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a in o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b ­
lish m e n ts is
selected .
W h e n da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s
are generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f da t a a r e n ot a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r t o t h e m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu­
p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B.
U n less
o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l
in d u stries co m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N. Y . ; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




21

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d w hen the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n o t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in data f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L ik ew ise,
da t a a r e i n c l u d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s ho w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s ch e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p rem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese occu p a tio n s are rounded
to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in divid u al occu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exa m ple,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g the y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .
A v e ra g e ' earn ings r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w ide es tim a te s .
Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and th u s c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e ’ d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in i n d i v i d u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e § pa id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
descriptions.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s
p erform ed .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se occu pation al stru ctu res am ong establish m en ts d iffe r, estim ates of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .

E l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
an a lysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om puter op erators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Wage tren d s fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tion a l groups

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o t h
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e
a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s till a ffe cte d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r th a n w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a range o f w age ra tes f o r individual jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at t h e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w it h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

S k illed m a in te n a n c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpen ters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch inery)
M e ch a n ics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w om en ):
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses

U n s k i l l e d pla n t ( m e n and 1
2
3
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clea n ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as fo llo w s :

are com pu ted

1.

2.

O c cu p a tio n s u se d to co m p u te w a ge tr e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n ):

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m e n )— C o n t in u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S ten ograp h ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
File c le r k s , c la s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s

A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A a nd B
B ook k eep in g-m ach in e
operators, cla ss B
P a yroll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T ab u la tin g-m a ch in e
op erators, cla ss B

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to co m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v era g e (m ean) earn in gs is m u ltiplied
by its w eigh t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b t a in a
group a verage.

3.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h e n th e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , a nn ua l
r a t e s a r e show n.
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een su rv e y s .)

E a ch o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

T h e ra tio o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , Janu ary 1973, pp . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
In for­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e t a b u ­
l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v io u s b u lletin s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

22

Appendix ta b le 1. E stablishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , 1A pril 1976
2

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n t s

W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
W i t h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

ALL ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
ALL DIVI SI ON S ---------------------------------

1.269

227

311,398

100

174.698

MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ------------------------------------------------------------------

50

539
730

99
128

180,317
131,081

58
42

107,674
67,024

50
50
50
50
50

81
118
269
106
156

7

17
41

18,138
3,385
29,468
10,440
5,593

-------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 ----------------S E RV IC ES7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

retail

trade

20

20

30

22,981
12,673
54,744
19,376
21,307

4
18
6

7

LARGE ES TA BL IS HM EN TS
96

ALL DI VISIONS --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL t r a d e
-------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ES T A T E 6 -------SERVICES7 ----------------------------------------

500

75

166,632

100

147,371

62

45
30

110,370
56,262

66

34

96,089
51,282

7

16,323
1,318
30,308
7,271
1,042

18

34

500
500
500
500
500

7
2

2

18
5

14
5

2

2

10
1

4

i

16,323
1,318
25,328
7,271
1,042

1 T h e M il w a u k e e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f M i l w a u k e e ,
O z a u k e e , W a s h in g t o n , a n d W a u k e s h a C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e
a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y . E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t
t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h i n th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e l o c a l t r a n s i t s y s t e m is
o w n e d b y M il w a u k e e C o u n t y a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e
o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




23




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a re d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e i n d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a i n s a c l o s e a nd h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
sup ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e
a nd u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclu sion s

a . R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.

E stablish es,

c.
in stru cte d ;
d.

m ain tain s,

a n d r e v i s e s th e

M a in t a in s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s
R elays m e s s a g e s

from

s u p e rv is o r's

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s th at a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as follow s:

files;

a. P o s it io n s
d s ri
c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n te s cas b e d a b o v e ;

s u p e r v i s o r to

b.

sub ord ina tes;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sten ogra ph ic

sional,

w hich

do

n ot

m eet

the

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c. S tenograp hers servin g as o ffice
techn ical, or m a n a g eria l p e r so n s;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e tha n t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

and t y p in g w o r k .

B e g i n n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r t o p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o i n g s o m i g h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

25

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

C la ss

C

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w hich
r e s p o n s ib le te ch n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e r v is o r y ,
d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v olv e m o r e difficult o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or specialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s n ot e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d i n t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; c>r
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h av e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2 . S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 5, 000
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a l l c a s e s
id e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cm
C lass

A

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a ssista n t, sk illed tech n ician , o r ex p ert.
(N O TE:
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 25 ,00 0 p e r so n s .

C lass

B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y .
May operate from a steno­
grap hic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s (if p r i m a r y
duty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T ypist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
tha n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
eith e r a m a j o r c o rp o ra tio n w id e fun ction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l re la tio n s , e tc.) o r a m a jo r ge o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25 , 000 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m ain tain f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth dr r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S tenograp her, Sen ior

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow ing:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f ile s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H IN E TYPIST

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e
v oca b u la ry from transc rib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g dictation in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as legal b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m t o r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s op eratin g a telephon e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
( ty p in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O perator-R eception ist.

TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h av e b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y .in clu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l it t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g ,
s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in co m in g m a il.

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w hen it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c le a r
o r s e tt in g up
a l r e a d y set up

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t i n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a ti n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
h ave b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FIL E CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

ACCOU N TIN G C L E R K

C lass A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tain ing a n u m ber o f v a rie d su b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes o f r e p o r ts , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c .; o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

C lass B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(su b je ct m a t te r ) h ead ings o r partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
perform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .

C la s s C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., a lph abetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n rep etitiv e accou nting t r a n s ­
a ction s, s e le c t in g am on g a su bstan tial v a rie ty o f p r e s c r i b e d accou nting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s
th r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c la s s B a ccou nting c l e r k s .

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t duty .




s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u c h d u t ie s a s g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by t e l e p h o n e and
a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

27

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R

C lass B .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in str u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p o stin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
a ccou nting c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k eypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lph abetic
n u m e r i c da ta o n t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C lass B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g li t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib ution, e x p en se distrib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, etc.
May ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
MACH IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r th an an
ord inary or e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g-m ach ine b i l l e r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tion
t y p i n g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The op eration usu ally in volves a la rge num ber o f ca rb o n co p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ook k eep in g-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
accou nts re ce iv a b le op eration.
G e n e r a l ly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n e o u s e n try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a c h in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a kn ow led ge o f b o o k ­
keepin g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O L L CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
da t a on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
C alcu latin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs
b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
May use a
ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .




P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

th e

basis

a n d /or

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A.
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be k eyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la ss B.
W o r k i s r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e s u p e rv isio n
o r follow ing s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in stru ctio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e li t t l e o r n o
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da t a t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e rr o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a l c u ­
la to r, c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r te r , re p ro d u cin g punch, e tc.
E xcluded fro m
th is defin ition a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to rs of
e l e c t r o n i c d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , even though they m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a ccou n tin g m a c h in e equip m en t.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in t o

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v isin g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l pan el w ir in g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp ecific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
ti n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C op erators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la t in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in dividual s ortin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a tio n s .
May p e r fo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE SS— C o n t in u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r solvin g
them by u se o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g eq u ip m en t.
D evelop s a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
re q u ire d dig ital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and . c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

C lass C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y ­
s e s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a single activity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r sy s te m s an a lysis w ork.
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS
C o n v e rts statem ents o f bu sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f da ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n ow led g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da ta w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
Lf th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s involving all ph ases of s y s te m a n a ly sis.
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tpu t d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f da t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m en d a tion s, if n eeded,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a in in g
equ ip m en t.

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

level system s

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a re c la s s ifi e d as f o llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

C la s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F or exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o da ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

analysts

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

29

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

C la ss B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da t a in t w o
o r three va ried sequen ces or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s t o o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input da t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e da t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s applyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r using
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s difficu lt tasks a ssig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lication s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g
records.
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C lass A .
O p e r a t e s in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B.
O p e ra te s independently, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit tle o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y h as
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r design ch a n ge s.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by lo w e r
le v e l d ra fters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
re g u la rly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p o sitio n a l re la tio n sh ip s betw een c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a buildin g in clu d in g d e t a il d raw in g s o f fou n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is ch eck ed f o r te c h n ic a l a dequ acy.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g, co n stru ctio n , m a n ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
draw in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on so lid a te s deta ils fr o m a n um ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth o d s of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In st r u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o rk m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May provide
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitiv e d raw in gs of e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECHNICIAN

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u ida n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l techn icians.

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m ain tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f t e c h n ic a l kn ow led ge o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l t o put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d operatin g condition.

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d ge to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tion s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ica lly in volves such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u ch a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu din g c l a s s r o o m
t r a i n i n g ) s o that w o r k e r c a n
advan ce to h igh er le v e l tech n icia n .

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm ent.
T h is c la s s ifi c a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm en t.
W ork in v olv es:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c la s s A techn ician.

R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l g u ida n ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l tech n icia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advanced a s sig n m e n ts a re in volved.
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv i n g f i r s t a id t o th e i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x clu d e d .

C lass A.
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm ent.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gineering ch anges.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
task s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly se s, ca lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la tio n ­
s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , du a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , dev ia tion m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n t in u e d

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
l a y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
en ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r equivalent trainin g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




31

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g ; I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a ny o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m en t such as g e n e ra to rs , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , circ u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t; w o rk in g stan dard co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to load r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n in g b o d y
bolts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE PA IN TE R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , and o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E MACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
standard m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a rts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
standard shop c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
a nd s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
\york; and f it t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E MECH AN IC (M a ch in ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g th e m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a ll
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r o p eration .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
req u ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .




T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n i c s w ho r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p i p e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n i t a t i o n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are ex clu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g ou t a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m ain ten ance w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls , o r other s p e c if i­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e plant la y o u t a r e
req u ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P l a n n i n g and la y i n g ou t
w o r k ; in te rp re tin g b lueprin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a rie ty o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , byp e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r sk ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d ta s k b a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and l a y in g
o u t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l ? , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s i n g v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) t o m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a teria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la ste r, ru bber, g la ss).
W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l c u tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h an d le the s i z e o f s t o c k to be m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in st ru m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts du rin g m a ch in in g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s neeH d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o p l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t ic e u su ally a cq u ir e d through co n s id e r a b le o n -t h e - jo b trainin g a n d
ex p erien ce.

include
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s, ventilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May a ls o s u p e r v is e these o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are e x clu d ed .
BO ILER TEN DE R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die j o b b i n g

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R I V E R — C o n t in u e d

TRU CK DR IVER

T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
ria ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een va rio u s ty pes of e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s:
M a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are ex clu d ed .

SHIPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in co m in g shipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f tr a ile r ca pa city.)




lig h t t r u c k ( u n d e r 1 72 t o n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k ( I V 2 to and in c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
h eavy tr u c k ( t r a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

33

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C o n tin u e d

s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R eceiv ing w ork in v o lv e s :
V erifyin g or d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
t a i n i n g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a lso m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r cra te s a re exclu ded .
M A T E R I A L H ANDLING L A B O R E R

F o r wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R eceiv in g cle rk
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) again st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t i n g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w it h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g in v e n to ry o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam inin g s to re d m a t e r ia ls
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u sin g du ties.
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(see O rd e r F ille r ), o r operating p o w e r tru ck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra to r).
ORDER FIL LE R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s.
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating ite m s fille d o r om itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isition
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la te d duties.
SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts f o r shipm en t o r sto ra g e by p la cin g th em
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n it s to b e p a c k e d , the t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelv ing, o r p la cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , or w h e e lb a rr o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n l o a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n ua lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
truck,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p erson s en terin g.
W atchm an.
M akes rounds of p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JAN ITOR,

periodica lly

in

protectin g

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
a nd o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request
a v a ila b le

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e S e r v i c e
a t n o c o s t f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .

C o n tra ct

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A l p e n a , S ta n d L s h , a n d T a w a s C i t y , M i c h .
A nn A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .—S .C .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a t t le C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t a n d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B o is e C it y , Id a h o
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r l i n g t o n , V t .—N .Y .
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a - R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l i e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n - K y .
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A l a .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , III.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D oth a n , A la .
D u lu th —S u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
E l P a s o , T e x . , a n d A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v M ile , N .C .
F it c h b u r ‘ g— L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . —O k la ,
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r i . c k —H a g e r s t o w n , , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g , P a ,
M a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a ll s , M on t.
G u am , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H u n tin g to n —A s h i a n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h io
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L ared o, T ex.
L as V e g a s, N ev.
L a w to n , O k la .
L i m a , O h io
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rvey

r e s u lts

are

p u b lis h e d

in

r e le a s e s

w h ic h ,

w h ile

s u p p lie s

la s t ,

a re

w ill

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , I n d .
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l .
L yn ch b u rg , V a.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te . M a r i e , M i c h .
M c A l l e n —P h a r i ^ - E d i n b u r g a n d B r o w n s v i l l e —
H a r l i n g e n —S a n B e n i t o , T e x .
M e d f o r d —K la m a t h F a l l s —G r a n t s P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , a n d O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e a n d P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I .
N o r t h D a k o t a , S ta te o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S im i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a , W . V a .—O h io
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz . .
P in e B l u f f , A r k .
P o c a t e l l o —I d a h o F a l l s , I d a h o
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k —W a l la W a l la —

Pendleton, Wash.— Oreg.
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o , C a l i f .
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a l i n a s —S e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S a n d u s k y , O h io
S a n ta B a r b a r a —S a n ta M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k .
S p ok an e, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op ek a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W a c o a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N .J .—M d .

A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic i a n s ,
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le
o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




or

d r a ft e r s , and
r e g io n a l s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wa g e studies including m o r e limited studies conducted at the request of the Em pl o y m e n t
Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m a y be purchased f r o m any of the B L S regional offices shown on the back cover. Bulletin supplements m a y be
obtained without cost, wh er e indicated, f r o m B L S regional offices.
Ar ea

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 0 ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1_______ _______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 3 ,
A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 5 ,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 5 ,
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 3 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________ _____________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 2 ,
B il lin g s ., M o n t . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 6 ,
B in g h a m t o n , N . Y . —P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________ ______________________ ___ 1 8 5 0 - 5 0 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 1 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 8 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 9 ,
C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n .—G a . , S e p t. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 7 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 3 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d . , M a r . 197 6__________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 7 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 4 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 7 ,
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 9 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________ S u p p l.
D a y t o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 3 ,
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 4 7 ,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 5 ,
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 0 ,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 1 ,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t , N. C . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 9 ,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 2 ,
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 4 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ *______________________________ S u p p l.
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 7 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 7 _6 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 8 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 1 ,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 5 ,
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________ ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 4 ,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 9 ,
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 5 ,

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




45 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
65 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
95 c e n ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
7 5 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 c e n ts
65 c e n t s
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 cen ts
65 ce n ts
7 5 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
55 c e n ts
F ree
55 c e n t s
95 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
45 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
65 ce n ts
45 cen ts

Ar e a
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1976________________________________________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1976____________________________________________
N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1_________________________________________________________
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., J an. 1 0 7 ________________________________________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1976 ______________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1 ____________________________________ _____ _______________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M ay 1975 ___________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A ug. 1975 _______________________________________________________
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________
O m ah a , N e b r.—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________ ____
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 197 5 1____________________________________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1975 _________________ _______________________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1976 1________________________________________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 197 5_________________________________________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1975 ________________________________________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________ ____ _____ ____________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 975 1 ___________________________________
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R . I . , —M a s s ., June 1975 ____________________________
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1976 ________________________________________________________
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 1976,1________________________________________ ____ _______________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f., D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________
Sa gin a w , M ic h ., N ov. 1975_____________________________________ ______________________ ______
Salt L ak e City—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ______________________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 197 5_______________________________________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a lif., M a r. 1976___________________________ _____ ______________
San J o s e , C a li f., M a r. 1976________________________________________________________________
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1976 ________________________________________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r. 1976 _______________________________________________________________
S t a m fo r d , C onn. 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 __ ____ __________________________________________________________
U tica —R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________
W a sh in gton , D .C . - M d .- V a ., M a r. 1976____________________________________________________
W e s t c h e s t e r C ounty, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________
W ich ita . K a n s ., A p r . 1_976_________________________________________________________ _____ ___
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________ ____ __________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1976________________________________________________________________________

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *
1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -2 9 ,

95 ce n ts
85 c e n t s
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
65 ce n ts

1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 8 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 ,

65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
45 ce n ts
3 5 cen ts
75 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

65 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 c e n t s
85 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
55 ce n ts
55 c e n t s
55 c e n t s

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region II
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10036
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Coneecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Flampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions IX and X
Regions VII and VIII
Region V
Region VI
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Box 36017
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Chicago, III. 60604
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Illinois
X
VIII
IX
VII
Indiana
Arkansas
Alaska
Arizona
Iowa
Colorado
Louisiana
Michigan
California
Idaho
Montana
Kansas
New Mexico
Minnesota
Oregon
Hawaii
Missouri
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Ohio
Washington
Nevada
Nebraska
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102