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Area Wage Survey
Washington, D.C.-Maryland-Virginia,
Metropolitan Area, March 1976
Bulletin 1900-12
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




0

^

•f
Ie




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h
1976 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n in g s in the
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M a ry la n d —V ir g in ia , S ta n d a rd M e t ­
r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ( D i s t r i c t o f C o lu m b ia ;
the c o u n t ie s o f C h a r le s , M o n t g o m e r y , and P r in c e
G e o r g e s , M d ., and A r lin g t o n , F a ir f a x , L o u d o u n , and
P r i n c e W illia m , V a ,; and th e c i t i e s o f A le x a n d r ia ,
F a ir f a x , and F a lls C h u r c h , V a .) ,
The s u rv e y w as
m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s '
a n n u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ic h is d e s ig n e d
to y ie ld da ta f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s as
w e l l a s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n ­
d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ited
S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f la b o r ' m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in ­
is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g p la n t l o c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e
u s e d b y the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.

C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . (S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s da ta a r e c o l l e c t e d

a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
th ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s
a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t io n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m i n d i ­
v id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e W a s h in g to n s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f I r w in L . F e ig e n b a u m , A s s i s ­
ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
The
s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith o u t th e
c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y
d a ta p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n
in th is b u lle t in . T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in ­
c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
th e W a s h in g to n a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the m e t a l ­
w o r k in g , r e f u s e h a u lin g , a nd la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g
in d u s t r ie s .
A l s o a v a ila b le a r e lis t i n g s o f u n io n
w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F ree
c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's
r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-12

June 1976

Washington, D.C.—M aryland—Virginia,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Metropolitan Area, March 1976

Contents

Page

Page

I n t r o d u c t io n ____________________________________________

2

T a b le s — C on tin u ed
A.

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A-l.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ______________________________
3
A - l a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s —la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____ 6
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________ 8
A - 2 a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s — r g e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ______________________ 10
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________________ 11
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by sex— rg e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ______________________ 13
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 14
A - 4 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e rp la n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____15
A -5 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 16




E a rn in g s — C on tin u ed
A - 5 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s _____________________
A -6 .
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________________
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s _____________________
A -l.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d
f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h if t s ______________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y ________
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------

1

18

19

20

21
22
25

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D .C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 85 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t , and (d)
m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a th r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h ich th e U .S.
D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fit s .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b ta in e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
a n d te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w .
R e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta c t e d :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m
th ese
s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d .
S e p a r a te t a b u la ­
tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u rses,
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and
n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s a ft e r e lim in a t io n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e
a p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix e s

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e th o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s
o f s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O ccu pa­
tio n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f fic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l,

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
o c c u p a t io n .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office w orkers in W ashington, D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

$

$

$

$

$

workers

$

$

$

$

S

S

s

S
i
3
>
$
$
$
$
I
»
1 ---230
290
2U0
210
220
270
370
250
330

90

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

90

Occupation and industry division

100

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

zip

220

230

250

270

290

330

370

410

-

-

-

8

72
-

8

72

126
3
123
5
6
18
37
57

212
6
206
5
4
21
67
109

534
17
517
16
32
23
177
269

744
24
720
27
40
65
191
397

811
26
785
8
42
67
218
450

895
28
867
26
48
83
216
494

712
14
696
103
31
52
117
395

463
25
458
01
36
37
84
240

424
23
401
61
18
28
91
20 3

376
12
364
55
41
39
74
155

807
29
778
151
49
21
111
446

431
34
397
92
23
15
31
236

146
16
130
55
31
1
8
35

110

-

-

104
18
18
1
19
48

23
1
22

1

3
3

19
19

21
21

33
33

69
b*
i
b
16
44

83
83

14
4
1
2

17
17

5

37
35
4
8
1
18

18
17
10
1

1

39
36
11
6
2
15

97
3
94
1
15

42
4
38

108

43
1
42
10

215
7
208
23
12
5
32
136

125
15
110
11
15
7
10
67

91
11
80
29
24

*

35

10
3

-

-

“

*

*

2
25

15

3
4

*

269

272
19
253
101
37
6
44
65

200
17
183
71
3

36
4
32
16
4

_

.

-

-

280

80
Mean

*

Median

^

Middle ranged

and
under

ALL WORKERS

SE CRETARIES -----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- -----------nonmanufacturing —
----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------- —
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE ----------------------SERVICES ----------------------

6*915
264
6,651
688
422
479
1,462
3,600

38.0
39.5
38.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
36.5
37.5

$
198.00
209.00
197.50
226.00
209.50
187.00
188.00
196.00

$
$
$
190.50 170. 00-223.00
206.00 175. OC-23 7,00
190.00 170. 00-224.30
225.50 196. 50-249.00
204.50 175. 00-233.50
184.00 165. 00-205.00
182.50 164. 50-203.30
188.50 170. 00-223.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE ----------------------SE RVICES ----------------------

356
334
37
60
79
136

38.5
38.5
40.0
40.0
36.0
38.5

232.00
231.00
262.50
218.50
197.50
238.50

212.50
207.00
259.00
214.50
189.50
224.50

192.
191
236,
190
169
196

00-261.00
50-261.00
50-280.30
00-240.00
50-200.00
00-266.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRAOE --- ------------FI NA NC E ----------------------S E RV IC ES ----------------------

1,096
58
1,038
106
92
108
302
430

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
37.5
38.0

218.00
224.50
218.00
255.50
246.00
197.50
191.50
226.50

215.50
237.50
215.00
248.00
255.50
196.00
183.50
230.50

183
178
183
226
220
177
169
199

5C-249.30
50-264.30
50-247.30
00-288.00
00-273.00
50-214.00
50-208.30
50-253.00

SE CR ETARIES, CLASS C ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -----------WHOL ES AL E TRAOE ------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------FI NA NC E ----------------------SERV IC ES ----------------------

2,324
130
2,194
343
197
234
325
1,095

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
37.0
38.0

200.50
208.50
200.00
230.50
203.50
182.50
193.00
196.00

196.50
207.00
196.00
235.00
204.50
183.00
173.50
192.00

173
179
173
211
182
166
154
173

0C-22b.30
50-236.00
00-225.50
00-252.00
00-226.30
00-196.00
50-225.00
00-209.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------SERV IC ES ----------------------

3,061
54
3,007
202
111
76
1,939

37.0
39.5
37.0
38.5
39.0
39.0
37.5

185.50
177.00
185.50
196.00
175.50
159.50
186.50

180.00
178.00
180.00
194.50
169.00
159.0C
181.00

164
161
164
189
159
147
163

00-207.50
00-186.00
00-207.50
50-203,00
50-180.00
50-170.00
00-210.50

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L ----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ------------

125
112
45

38.5 173.50 179.00 152 00-187.30
38.5 174.00 179.50 150 00-191.50
39.0 178.50 180.00 160 00-186.30

ST EN OGRAPHERS, SE NIOR -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------FINANCE ----------------------SERV IC ES ---------------------

738
676
56
131
383

38.0
37.5
38.5
38.0
36.5

t r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e t y p i s t s —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------f i n a n c e -----------------------

197
189
117

36.5 175.00 169.00 159 .00-199.00
36.5 175.50 168.00 159 .0 0-199.0(
35.5 176.50 169.00 161 .50-199.00

194.00
195.00
182.50
165.00
204.50

192.00
194.00
178.50
167.00
198.00

177
178
168
149
191

.50-210.30
.50-210.30
.00-196.5C
.50-176.50
.00-210.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

6
2

8
9
55

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

*

13
16
1

3
“

19
*

3
18

22
6
16

84
8
76

76
1
75
3
13
26
33

104
2
102
2
1
13
66
20

.

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2

10

32

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

-

10

-

-

•

*

“

-

16
16

11
5

14
54
8

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

43
3
40

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

*

“

61
1
60
3
6
12
14
25

8
17
15

160
5
155
2
7
7
99
40

201
6
195
11
8
33
16
127

213
18
195
6
19
40
19
111

329
12
317
12
36
55
10
204

67

336
6
330
14
25
16
224

432
10
422
16
32
18
262

482
7
475
2
20
14
288

417
14
403
12
8
2
269

265
3
2b2
8o

-

3
3

-

.

-

8

-

-

-

-

10

32

-

3
10
10

11

2
13
11
9

106
14
1
16
23
54

226
15
211
31
25
11
21
123

128
11
117
30
16
10
14
47

158

-

183
6
177
24
9

171
2
169
16
1

-

3

157
1
156
2
11

lo
3j

2?
d

261
15
lo

26
12
19o

3

9

7
5
11
in

148
43
20
21
27
37

3

-

*

*

10
10

25
1
24
2
15
7

*

*

69

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
55

6
32

139

108

101

102

5
4
1

18
18
7

9
8
1

15
15
5

12
7
3

30
25
18

7
7
7

14
14

7
7

-

*

1
1
1

18
15

31
30
2
24
2

48
42
13
24
2

84
65
19
18
23

48
36

50
45

64
84

44
44

54
50

-

-

4

9
16

229
220
14
11
165

-

73

11
12

-

29

42

16

“

17
16

61
58
41

19
16
13

15
15
8

8
8
5

2
2
2

18
18

21
21
21

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

“

2

.

-

-

-

-

-

5
4

•

*

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

13
13

13
10

-

-

-

11
2

10
“

13
1

7
6
6

4
4
4

21
21
10

-

-

-

*

*

~

*

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

3

-

“

4

-

-

3

-

-

1
230
•
-

-

6
6

-

280
16

-

-

11
98

-

67

-

-

-

8

”
*
*

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

*

10

-

-

-

1
-

35

-

-

b

2
6
9
13
12
2
*
"
3
5

137
3
134
5
4
13
78

-

1

49
94
5
1
4
26

55
2
53
2

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




"

.

b

-

69
6
1
-

53
2
2
2

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

*

.

-

-

_

-

*

-

•
*

20
20

2
2

-

-

-

“

*

-

_

-

-

-

“
-

*

*

-

-

*

*

Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in W ashington, D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

N um ber o f wo rk er s r

$

s

$

i

$

ecei v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ekly e a r n i n g s of—

$

$

s

s

$

$

a
>

i

$

I

$

4

1 -----------

90

Middle ranged

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

250

270

290

330

370

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

250

270

290

330

370

4 l0

92
89

97
93

105
103

53
21

49
35

59
39

193
180
17
47
113

96
95
5
13
65

81
79

54
23

Median *

100

83
78

132
1
131
16

230
7
22 3
40

128
2
126
10

57
5
52

43

130
38

192
8
184
10
19
46
61

125
13
112

56
52

200
11
189
36
12
79
31

2
2

26
26

19
19

36
33

41
36

80
M eant

5

i

%

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

88
83
80

42
42
10
17
15

25
23
2
2
15

39
39
1

20
16

90
12
58
20

37

36
12

8
3
4
1

59
55
14
10

105
99

13
13

32
32

5

8

an d
under

90

ALL W O RK ER S—
continued
$ _
39*9

$

$

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 b .5 o

1C 7*'"0

---------------------

60

3 9 .0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 0 . 5 0 - 1 5 5 . U0

WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

117

3 9 .5

1 3 4 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

manufacturing

j t K V 1vLb

—— —

FILE CLERK^i CLAS j A

42 0

PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

r ILL vL LK K j f v L A j j v •

3 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

!

11

n

n 141

34
221
120

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

BOB

3 7 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 b .V 0
1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 2 . 0 0 1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 1 . 5C 1 1 2 . 0 0 1 5 3 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 1 2 1 . 0 0 -

493

ME SS EN GE RS ----------------------------------------------------

3 6 .0

1 2 2 .0 0

664

3 7 .5

1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 9 .0 0

215
281

14 4^ 00
1 5 3 .5 0

943

1 2 6 .5 0

• U H L I l U1 ALI 1 i t j • ■■■

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s -

510

3 8 .5

84

-

1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 -

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 1 6 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 6 3 .U
O
1 2 9 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 6 3 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

8

1 4 4 .5 0

3

60
60

98
98

-

SERV IC ES -------------------------

i

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------WHOL ES AL E t r a d e ------------------------------

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

-

31 6

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

5
1

2

4

66
60
15
28

69
69
16
41

“97
97
51
19

57
57
1
47

92
91
25
42

35
33
12
15

143
142

126
126

244
24 4

146
146

42
42

35
31
1
15

51
47
12

26
51

20

26

59
12

45

19
16

17
16

3

8

56
56

69
69
67

62
62
56

2

-

-

25

14
29

-

2

63

1

14
14

26
92

31

10

156

23
29
78

13
17
12

43

83
82

142
13
129
34
13

9

12
58

71

14
12

54
54
6

81
75
52

46

-

-

____
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

4

8
8

"

32

8

“

70
70
20
8

17

12

13
1"3

22

-

6

3

6

9
i
i

3

-

1

7

*

*

23

7

8

5

5

6

40
30
20

18
8
8

28

1

31




-

-

“

1

57
57
10
42

-

-

-

*

32

67
61
52

BO

442

48
48

3
1

rb

127

11

3 8 .0

16
20
3

2

-

78

151
151

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
69
210

49

24
27

2
54

8
8

34

1 3 5 .0 0 1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

19

*

“

54

103
99
11
55

200
20
159

39
75
28

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 8 .5 0

-

50

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
switchboard

12

1 2 0 .0 C -1 4 f .b 0
1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . 5 !!

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

"MULL.->ALL I KAUL

-

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

130 00

69
6
63

-

??

21
56

30
29
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

_

28

8
8

8

-

T able A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in W ashington, D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

80
Middle range2

90

J
>
»
S
$
290
230
250
270

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

19u

200

210

220

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

250

270

290

330

28
28

and
under
90

S

S
120

22
22

87
A
83
2
A
31
2A
22

172
A
168
11
20
A8
37
52

263
16
2A7
3
53
37
101
53

151
1A
137
9
18
3A
8
68

83
13
70
11
18
12
-1
16

9a
*
98
7
38

36
2
3A
15
11

78
3
75
1A

A1
2
39
17
13

25
36

7
2

•
•

5

i

9
3
6

6
2

52
23
29
6
1
21
1

17
3
1A

37
10

ls7
A6
111
57
A
23
17
10

100

330

370

370

AlO

1

Median 2

s

$

o
(\l

Number
of
workeis

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time w e e sly earnings of—
1

o

Occupation and industry division

1
S

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

1QQ-. n o

ALL WO RK ER S—
CONTINUED

PUBLIC
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------------f i n a n c e -------------------------SE RVICES -------------------------

1,328
13 a
1.19A
1S3
18A
202
338
31 7

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0
38.5

$
182.00
207.00
179.00
20A.00
181.50
16A.50
18A.00
169.50

$
173.00
205.00
170.00
203.50
175.00
16A.50
167.00
167.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F a CTUKING ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

1,916
150
1.766
2AA

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.5

1A6.50
167.50
IAS.00
172.50

--------------------------

600
235

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS A ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

$
$
157. 50 -2 03 .SO
178.00-227.00
15A.0 0 - 2 0 0 . SO
193.00-218.30
165.00-195.00
150.00-176.00
157.50-201.00
150.00-180.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

6
16
-

3A
1
33
1
A
5
9
1A

1A2.50 1 2 8. 00 -1 61 .CO
159.50 1A0.50-190.00
1A0.CO 127.50-160.00
170-50 155.00-192.00

-

8
8
-

76
76
-

165
3
162
1A

2A0
16
22A
8

All
13
398
16

319
26
293
26

167
18
1A9
27
17

200
23
177
AA

1A9
8
1A1
A5

A3
9
3A
1A

82
12
70
39

5
5
2

12
1
11
8

4
A
1

31
17
1A
1A

135.00-1A8.50
135.00-167.00

-

2

A8

62
23

252

1A0
A8

26
30

20
A1

32
29

5
1

A
17

3

3

3

•

55
55

38.5 189.50 188.50 150.00-232.50
38.5 189.50 188.50 15 0. 00 -2 32 .SO

-

“

“

2
2

5
5

7
7

A
A

2
2

1
1

10
10

-

8
8

-

15
15

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E BILLERS --------

75

39.5 1A8.50

1A5.00 130.00-160.00

-

-

-

8

-

26

5

10

20

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

PAYROLL C L E R K S ---------- ----- — — —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

66
5A

39.0 152.50 160.00 131.00-175.00
38.5 152.50 160.03 135.03-177.00

_

*

8
8

3
3

“

1A
9

2
2

5
~

16
16

5
5

7
7

1
1

2
-

2
2

1
1

_
-

K E YP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRAOE -------------------FI NA NC E --------------------- ---SERV IC ES -------------------------

791
59
732
81
87
206
276

38.5
38.0
38.5
AO.O
A 0 .0
36.0
39.5

166.50
177.00
166.00
139.50
156.50
176.00
165.00

161.60
17A.00
161.50
1A 0 .00
155.00
172.00
166.SC

1A 6.00-182.50
157.00-195.00
1A 5.00-182.50
13 0.00-1A 2 . 00
1A0.50-16A.S0
161.50-195.30
150.00— 17A.0U

•
-

.
-

2
2

113
10
103
7
16
8
S7

1AA
6
138
3
22
59
2A

11A
7
107
5
15
75

59
9
50
1
3
A1
5

27
27

-

-

7
3
4
1

-

133
10
123
37
18
12
55

26
3
23

-

A8
A8
15
1A
13
6

15
6
9

-

21
21
16
1
A

di

-

.
*

KEYP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS 0 -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------NU NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------- ---------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------

1,919
78
1.8A1
58
76

39.0
38.0
39.0
38.5
AO.O

1A0.00
157.50
139.50
190.00
172.50

138.00 126.00-1A6.00
1A8.00 13 2. 00 -1 63 .U0
138.00 128.00-1A 6 . 00
182.50 16 8. 50 -2 32 .SO
169.50 151.50-19A.5o

_

.

-

-

512
15
A97

-

-

A81
1A
A67
7
10

113
12
101
8
19
18

29
1
28
A

35
5
30
20

36.5 139.50

138.00 13A.50-1A3.60

178
5
173
2
12
37
16

12

13

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------nonmanufacturing

----------------------------------------UT IL IT IE S -----------------------------------

finance

A22

35.5 1A1.50

138.00

-

-

-

2

32
3
29

123
3
120
«

8
15

-

5

-

6A

See footnotes at end of tables.




360
9
351
1

5

-

170

131

2

2

b

77
1
O
20
A8
13
1
12
1
5

5
3
-

2
15
1
12
-

12

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
1

6

-

-

.
-

•
-

•

-

*

1
1

-

-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

-

-

_

_

1
1

_
•
-

-

_

.
.

•
-

-

1A
-

-

.

-

•
-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

.

-

_

-

.

.

_

-

-

•
•

.
-

-

-

.

-

12

-

31
10
21
15
6

•

Table A-1a. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs -la rg e establishm ents in W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a . , M arch 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-S
90

hours1
[standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

5

4

5

I

S

S

l

4

4

S

s

1

$

s

4

i

4

4

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

?30

240

250

270

2v0

330

370

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

23Q

240

250

270

290

330

370

4 10

4
i
15
26
65

174
174
8
15
23
52
76

250
7
243
3
16
55
55
114

246
5
241
3
14
59

263
12
251
17
21
54

299
4
295
97
5
31
37
125

248
20
226

189
13
176
42
16
28
11
79

186
12
174
50
23
34
9
58

182
11
171
60
n
9
4
87

148
8
140
74
10
9
5
42

288
32
256
92
20
15
2
127

111
1
101
50
17
1
2
31

60
6
54
18
18
1
17

16
16
5
2
•
9

1
1
1
.
-

-

3
3

8
8

6
6
1

11
n
-

4

7
7
-

12
12
7

15
14

1

3

16
14
4

8
7
5

21
16
5

9
9
2

1
1
*

36
36
5
16
9

27
26
5
7
9

35
32
10
4
12

19
16
8
1
1

70
57
11
7
23

75
70
29

35
35
10

7
7
3

78
23
14
10
28

124
10
114
43
18
21
29

91
8
83
34
7
1
40

85
4
81
62
6
2
9

188
17
171
7]

57
55
13

27
26
2

43
43
9

-

-

29
29
1

41

20

and

under
100

ALL WO RK ER S
$
206.00
228.00
205.00
231.50
222.00
187.50
173.50
203.50

$
200.00
225.00
196.00
234.00
219.00
184.00
169.50
195.50

$
$
17 5. 0C -2 3a .00
203.00-255.00
173.00-233.00
203.50-253.00
183.00-256.50
165.00-21u.00
155.50— 190.60
173.00-230.60

5

SECR ET AR IE S -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU RLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------WH OLESALE t r a d e ------------RE TAIL TRADE ---------------FI NA NC E ---------------------S E RV IC ES ---------------------

2,834
140
2,694
573
207
382
332
1,200

SE CR ETARIES* CLASS A ---------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -----------

131
122
28

39.5 247.50 242.00 205.00-284,00
39.5 244.50 240.00 205.00-276.00
40.0 266.00 259.00 239.50-287.00

SE CR ET AR IE S, CLASS 8 ---------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --------PU RL IC U T IL IT IE S ----- ----RE TA IL TRADE ---------------SERV IC ES ---------------------

419
393
84
99
110

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

238.50
237.50
265.50
200.00
256.00

236.00
234.00
270.00
197.50
255.50

203.50-273.50
201.50-273.50
236.50-289.50
182.50-217.00
225.50-279.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------PU RL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------RE TA IL TRADE ---------------S E RV IC ES ---------------------

1,140
79
1,061
300
100
179
397

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

214.00
227.00
213.00
236.50
208.50
182.00
219.00

212.50
224.00
212.00
240.00
209.50
180.00
213.00

SE CR ETARIES, CLASS D ---------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U R L I C U T IL IT IE S ----------RE T A I L TRADE ---------------SERV IC ES ---------------------

1,066
1,040
161
70
677

38.5
38.5
38.0
39.0
39.0

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L ---------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ----PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -----------

75
72
36

39.5 165.00
39.5 165.50
38.5 181.00

165.00 146.50-180.00
165.00 147.00-180.00
180.00 176.50-186.50

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, SE NI OR ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

184
128

39.5 187.50
39.5 192.50

186.00
192.50

172.50-198.00
174.00-202.00

.

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------P U RL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------SERV IC ES ---------------------

283
271

152.50
153.00
169.50
154.00

150.00
150.00
165.50
152.00

138.00-165.50
138.00-165.50
156.00-173.50
140.00-168.50

-

114

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FI NA NC E ----------------------

521
507
53
168

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

143.50 143.00 125.00-161.00
142.50 143.00 124.50-161.00
145.00 146.50 128.00-156.00
127.50 125.00 117.00-134.50

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 0 -----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

115
115

39.5 137.50
39.5 137.50

33

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

“
-

.

-

17

40

111
-

5

17
5
9

40
1
15
22
2

I ll

3
2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
2
2
-

187.00-242.00
207.00-250.00
186.00-241.00
220.50-252.00
188,50-224.50
165.00-196.50
195.50-250.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

“

-

*

*

“

182.00 179.50 160.00-196.00
181.50 179.50 160.00-196.00
199.50 194.50 194.50-208.00
160.50 160.00 150.00-171.50
184.00 179.50 162.00-201.60

.

-

15
15
-

137.50 120.00-147.00
137.50 120.00-147.00

-

1
1
-

6
6
•
-

21

21

25

21

21
8
1

25
1
1
7
2

19
19
1
6
2

89
89
4
7
64

-

5

-

4

15
15

*

1

-

3

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

»
-

*

-

2

_

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

■

-

-

“

.

_
-

7
7

21
19

-

-

-

7

54
52
2
21

-

-

62

65

62
2
29
19

65
1
8
35
15

108
6
102
8
18
38
29

100
3
97
15
5
13
56

131
15
lie
24
17
6
6t>

127
127
7
16
74

154
147
3
18
95

143
138
2
14
104

116
110
7
2
96

153
152
81

73
69
24
3
42

4

6
5
1

12
12
2

8
7
3

18
18
18

4
4
4

5
2

11
10

19
13

31
13

33

41

21

33

58
55
5
24

46

48
46
14
28

29
28
5
17

7
7

5
5

-

-

44

2
10

-

-

*

2
2

25
25
6
5

67
67
5
46

71
70
3
54

61
59
3
31

97
94
13
21

58
57
10
1

71
71

12
12

12
12

25
25

23
23

19
19

7
7

6
6

2
•

6

7
7

24
23
1
13
8

-

-

126

3
3

28
28
18
4

-

-

121

17
26
1
*3
116

20
20
2
13

-

-

18
18
8

33

16
16
10
2

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

44

49

-

-

65

a

_
-

-

-

16
11

7
7

.

1
1
1

4

4
4

3

-

-

-

23

15

4

27

3
1
2
2

4

23
16
1

-

1
1

1
1
1

.

•

•

-

-

33

28

7

1

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

•

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

.
-

-

1

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

29
29
13

22
22

9
7

5

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

-

-

_

•

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

8
2

-

6

14
14
6

4

2

•
.

-

-

2

-

-

97

-

2

-

-

4

3

-

_
-

.

2
2
1

-

_

_

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in W ash in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry divisi

1

N um ber o f w o rk e rs

S

S

Avcra r
weekly

90

hours1

Mean 1

(standard)

Median *

Middle range *

and
under

$
100

S

$

$

$

$

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e [ w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

I

$

$

$

%

$

s

$

$

$

i

$

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

270

290

330

370

190

200 __210

2 *0

230

240

250 1 £70

290

330

370

410

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
$

$

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 U .5 0

14
14

21
21

14
14

25
25

22
22

6
6

1
1

5
5

•

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 4 0 . 5 0 - 1 8 2 .5 0
1 3 9 . 5 0 - 1 8 2 .5 0

•
-

19
19

14
14

11
11

17
17

35
35

16
16

26
25

18
16

PU RL IC U T IL IT IE S --------RETAIL TRADE -------------SERV IC ES -------------------

30 2
28 7
49
135
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 7 0 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 2 6 .5 0 -

1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

6
6
6
-

42
42
39
-

37
37
26
6

48
48
24
23

41
41
12
27

27
27
•
13
10

19
18
12
3

19
18
12
1

10
10
6
2

3
3
*

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PU RL IC U T IL IT IE S --------RETAIL T R A D E -------------

39 6
357
136
120

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 2 0 0 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0 -

2 0 5 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

_

_

-

-

19
19

-

-

-

-

9
8
1

-

-

"

6

-

24
23
2
12

44
44
3
23

28
28
2
20

44
44
6
26

18
18
9
4

21
21
7
6

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS B --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----- -----PURLIC UTIL IT IE S --------RETAIL TRADE -------------SE RVICES -------------------

81 2
774
21 3
46 6
61

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0C -

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

8
8

59
59

71
69

-

-

-

8

59

67

105
105
13
71
16

108
106
19
70
14

74
74
19
46
6

85
83
42
28
6

78
76
45
23
1

24
23
14
7
1

50
43
38
3

40.0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE -------------SERV IC ES -------------------

192
186
84
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 1 5 2 .5 0 -

1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

17
17

25
25
18

40
40

22

13
11

13
12

15

5
3

3
5

-

2

4

42
42
16
18

3

2

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------RE TA IL TRADE --------------

380
353
115

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0
1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 5 . 0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0

75
75
28

37
32
15

35
31
12

16
15

31

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

112
108

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

ME SS EN GE RS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

24 6
24 3

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------

$

$

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
84
13

2

-

no
no

*
.
-

8
8
8

-

1
1
1
*

2

24
24
15

68
68
10

63
62
9

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le s .




7

11

8

1

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

50
50

8
8

10
10

13
13

*

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

4

8
7
6

22
22
20

3
2
1

1
1
1

2
2

-

-

-

.
-

-

12
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

99
94
57
23

17
16
15

18
15
14

5
5
3

14
13
13

30
7
4

5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

31
14
14

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

“

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

11
10
6

3

9

8

13
13

1
1

3
3

i
.

•
-

•
-

-

•
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

26
4

1

13
12

6

1

-

1

3

-

-

10

-

4

-

-

1

T a b le A -2 . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in W ash in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1976
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

s

$
weekly
hours1
(standard)

110
Mean 2

M edian 2

Middle range2

$

N u m b e r of vworkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----S
s
s
S
S
$
S
$
$
%
i

$

*

*
5

S

s

$

1

1

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4^0

460

500

_ L3.iL

140

ISO

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

420

460

500

540

and
under
120

ALL WORKERS
COMP UT ER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS

f

v U n J lv

$

$

$

$

n

48

61

^

78

ir5

38 ^ "*^ 0

20

3 2 0 .0 0 -3 5 4 .5 0
e

3 7 A .50

37*^

't 1 'i

_

00

*
16

*

45

1

.;

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANAL YS TS
(u U « lN L > ib ' 9

J0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 5 5 .5 0

U

i J

3 0 0 .0 0

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANAL YS TS
i D U ~ X N u b j » * v L A j «j v
L
79

C O MP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

30#5

*
■

*^5

(BUSINESS)*
3 0 1 .0 0

2 9 4 .0 0

2 7 9 .0 0 -3 2 3 .5 0

1
1

3

213

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

?

70

7
*

“

-

(BUSINESS)*
*5 a
30*5

F I NA NC E ------------------- --- --SERV IC ES -------------------------

2 1 7 .0 0 -2 8 7 .5 0
=io

317*00

146

3 7 .0

2 3 7 T 00

82

3 9 .0

2 4 1 .0 0

2 3 0 . SO
2 3 3 .5 0

-

.

-

2 0 8 .5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

-

*

.

_

•

-

27

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C -------------------------------

145

3 8 .0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

-

-

22

-

5

--------------------------------------------

50

3 4 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

-

-

20

-

5

no

iu

.
*

1
3

51

34

-

17

-

10
10

5

33

10

9

2
-

1

24

19

16

15

10

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

2

4

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

40

2/ 3*50

3

“

.
•

•

_
*

15

finance

2

-

1
n

2

45
42

J

26

'0 0

*

13

JT
57

1AIL
finance

1KAUt ” ” **’ " * * " ™ ™
--------------------------------------------

3 9 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 8 .5 0

1 8 1 .5 0

172^50

12

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

3 6 .5

1 6 2 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0

63
173

-

24

6

329

78
38*5

1

22

78

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




8

19

1

3

8

46

27

50

1 6 7 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0

8

39

37
37

54
54

21
10

12

1
1
1

3

6

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in W ash in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 19 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

*

$

110
and
under

120

i
$
$
$
*
$
%
220
160
200
170
130
140
150
160

120

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

130

140

5
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Median l

Middle ranged

150

160

240

1
>
26u

dct o

30 3

320

34,;

360

380

420

460

1—
500

26u

30 0

32(,

340

360

380

42^

460

=00

540

b

7
6
4
-

34
28
13
*

3
3
2
-

16
11
11

10

$

$

$

*

170

160

200

220

240

2b0

4
3
3

33
31
1
30

6
7
5
2

16
7
7

J

21
20
16

b£
bl
47

6
6

17
2

1
1

1
1

$

I

%

ALL VOKKFtfS—
CON-TI >IU£D
$
263.50
240.00
313.5c
210.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------NO N m a n UF AC T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------SERVICES -------------------------

147
111
25
75

40.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

2 1 0. 00 -3 1= .oU
210.00-31-5.=,/
2 8 2. 50 -3 13 .=C
210.00-310.00

“

1
1

2
2

-

-

1

2

6
8
7

DRAFTtPS, CLASs H -------------------n C n m a n u f a c t u r j n g ----------------s e r v i c e s -------------------------

276
199
173

40.0 230.50 230.00 202.50-266.00
40.0 227.50 2 3 5 . 0C 205.00-26c.30
40.0 223.00 235.00 ? 0 6 # 00 * 2 6 J •JO

_
“

5
5
5

15
15
14

14
14
14

24
9
6

=2
35
30

58
40
39

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES --------------SERVICES -------------------------

204
1 bb
27
13b

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

-

26
9
1
8

24
9
9

6
4
4

46
4b
3
39

17
17
6
11

25
25
17
8

-

268.50
256.50
288.50
240.50

172.00 167.00
174.00 l a r . o c
221.50 236.00
164.50 160.00

1 4 6. 00 -1 89 .O0
)40.00-200.50
205.50-23 f.50
140.00-189. j ' J

18
16

26
25

14

16

25

6

-

14
14

1

-

*
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTER-TRACERS:
nonmanufacturing:

-

10

-

9

13

-

4
4
1
3

8
3
8

13
13
8
5

92
17
75
61
12

131
44
67
71
15

84
19
65
41
15

86
22
64
40
20

101
14
87
4*
i=

206
7
199
44
2

82
1
81
81
-

26
•
26
24
2

70
70
12
50

20

-

40.0 276.00 291.00 249.00-295.00
40.0 291.00 295.00 2 7 4. 50 -2 93 .U0
40.0 278.00 260.00 246.00-290.00

-

-

-

-

17

14
13
-

20
20
2

20
20
-

10
10
10

-

-

“

•
-

-

*

1*4
167
2

.

“

6c
bJ
15

-

“

49
31
14

-

-

33
15
6

-

-

40
1
1

208.50-305.00
207.50-305.00
253.50-274.00
2 0 7. 50 -3 0= .uo

_
-

-

-

8
6

-

-

•
•

_

-

tt

lo
10
5
5

_

-

18
14
3
5

6
6

-

41
40
5
28

33
31
23

-

56
51
1
37

68
66

-

36
36
1
25

-

~

-

-

178
178

j
40.0 250.00 2 1 4 . 5 i 195.00-353.00
40.0 250.00 214.50 195.00-353.00

“

13
13

39
39

35
35

10
10

19
19

b
b

2
2

-

*

51

38.5 234.50 234.00 21 9.00-25e.=0

*

3

3

13

10

10

1

“

-

-

PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

41

39.5 189.00 2 0 0 . U0 173.50-221.=0

EL ECTRONICS TE CH NI CI AN S -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC Tu RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------SERVICES ------------------------

923
124
7*9
432
167

40.0
40.0
40 •0
40.0
40.0

21 6. 50— 2 9 = . JO
208.50-24 9.=0
221.50-297.50
?08.00-30b.00
218.00-353.00

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS AN O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

459
347
52

E L E C TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS h N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

266
274
38
182

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS CNO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------R E G I ST ER ED INDUSTRIAL NU RSES -------

263.50
230.50
26 9 . 0C
255.00
260.50

252.00
252.50
263.00
255.00

270.00
225.50
279.00
259.50
263.59

240.50
242.00
270.00
244.50

-

-

_

4
4

See footnotes at end of ta b le s.




9

_
-

n

20
20
-

lo
10

-

_

-

66

6

-

-

-

50
50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

•
-

-

Table A -2 a .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

1
$
110

weekly
(standard

Mean i

Median

*

Middle range

*

120

130

140

N u m b e r of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
5
)
$
4
$
s
s
%
$
4
26 v 28o
180
200
220
240
150
160
170
300
340
320

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

$

3)

$

%

s

5

4

4

360

380

420

460

500

and
under
120

280

3u0

320

340

36o

38(1

420

4o0

500

540

14

25
25

41
41
11

38
36

44
44

37
37

20

12

6
5

76
76

36
36

30
28

16
16

16
14

12
i,
t

5
5

ALL WORKERS
249
243
26

$
$
$
$
40.0 362.50 356.50 324.50-390.00
321.5,1-386.50
3.. 0.0 0

260
254
60

39.5 305.00 296.00 276.00-327.00
39.5 304.00 296.00 276.00-32b.o0
39.0 322.50 296.00

-

-

-

-

CO MPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
(B US I N E S S ) . CLASS C -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

52
52

39.5 253.00 248.50 237.00-269.50
39.5 253.00 248.50 237.00-269.50

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMP UT ER P R O G RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS A ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

286
185

39.5 314.00 310.00 285.00-330.00
39.5 310.50 307.50 287.00-330.00

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

203
186
61

39.0 278.00 264.00 237.50-309.50
39.0 276.00 264.00 237.50-307.50
38.0 332.00 331.50 287.50-390.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------SERV IC ES ----------------------

178
170
105

39.5 224.00 215.50 2 0 0 .5 0-24b.00
40.0 222.00 214.50 20 0.00-244.00
40.0 217.50 207.50 200.5C-231.50

_
-

-

_
-

3
3

-

-

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS b ----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------RE TAIL TRADE ------------------

287
258
63

39.5 197.50
39.5 193.50
39.5 192.50

185.00
183.50
192.00

17 5. 00 -2 14 .5Q
175.00-210.50
160.00-224.00

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS C ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----------

229
228

39.0 163.50
39.0 163.03

152.00
152.00

144.50-186.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

72
66

39.5 251.00 244.00 200.0C-313.50
39.5 253.50 253.50 200.00-313.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ----------------NO NN A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

73
69

39.5 214.00 210.00 166.50-248.50
39.5 213.00 207.50 165.00-248.50

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S). CLASS A --------------

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S). CLASS B -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ----------P uri t c iitii t t i f s -------------—

88
88
25

39.5 189.00

-

-

-

utilities

---------- —

E L EC TR ON IC S T E C H NI CI AN S ---------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS AN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- — .
EL E C T R O N I C S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS BN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —
electronics

technicians,

CLASS C-

3
3

8
8

17
17

41
41

_
_

4
4
4

_

10
10

'
i

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

35
16

70
50

60
39

68
45

19
10

9
7

10
9

-

8

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

25
24
-

28
24
2

41
39
5

28
2a
7

18
18
5

15
14
6

13
10
9

8
6
5

8
4
4

16
16
16

_

1
1
-

4
4
2

5
5
3

29
29
20

55
53
45

24
22
13

28
27
13

14
14
2

9
9
4

4
3
3

1

33
33
12

61
58
5

71
64
7

42
35
9

25
25
9

16
17
6

10

-

13
12
8

-

_
-

1

-

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3

18
18

76
76

33
33

18

11
11

50

6

3

1

0

-

-

“

-

1
1

2
2

8
8

4
3

12
10

3
2

8
7

5
4

6
6

20
20

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

15
15

3
3

9
9

12
11

7
5

7
7

'
D

-

“

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

14

8

-

-

-

-

-

“

b

2

3

4

~

17
17

8

17 3 . 5 0 - 2 2 1 .bo

1

40.0 283.00 295.00 266.00-295.00
40.0 287.00 295.00 270.50-295.00
40.0 255.00 243.00 21 9.0C-305.00
40.0 255.50 242.00 218.50-305.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

188.00-206.00
188.00-206.00

-

-

-

_

196.00
196.00

-

21
21

344
302

40.0 196.00
40.0 196.00

-

1
1

40.0 262.50 273.50 222.50-295.00
40.0 263.50 278.50 221.50-295.00

86
86

-

1
1

610
560

180
172

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

46
44

81
76

62
53

56
44

71
57

181
174

76
75

10
10

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

5
1

21
13

38
30

62
50

176
169

14
13

10
10

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

41
40

40
39

18
14

9
7

5
5

62
62

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

•

10
10

39
39

35
35

1
1

.

10

13

U)
1
1

•

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

~

DR AF TE R- TR AC ER S:
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG :
public

-

*

151.on
39.5 223.50 236.00 213.50-237.50

41

-

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M a rch 1976
Average
(m ean2 )

(A v; ~ l *
m
Number

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

OFFICE

O CC UPA TI ONS

-

Average
(m ean2 )
Number

Number
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S ex , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

Weekly

w oiken
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O F F I C E O CC UPA TI ONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

MEN

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

Weekly
[standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

O F F I C E OC C UP AT I ONS WOMEN— CONTI NUED

146.00

129
228

3 7 .0

r U OL 1 « U 1 1 L 1 1 I L J

1 8 5 . 50|

829
59

i t ' ’ V1v t i

1 63.00
1 33.00

334

in*'-

1 7 7.00

39
10 9.5 01
1 0 9 .j 0

0

160 “ 0
16S n i

76
181.00
1 81.00

J, 0
117

i t ’s V i v t J

, r-„, , r r . . n , , r 6 r

1

r.-w*.

7 .00

177
17/
45

1 93.00
1 8 9 . 0C
184.00

^13
55

™

J

.0

1
1

r-n
Art

7 7^

in
i 'Jn . 5

r-

^ w. , r-

1 r "" nn
^. r-

O CC UPA TI ONS -

001
264
0 *0 1 7

421
< 79
♦
1.4 6 1
3.570

38 0
3 9 .5
38 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

797
41
322
390

3 7 .5

1 9 0 Q(
2 0 9 .0 0
198.00

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 0.0

274
263

161.50
1 7 2 . 5C
1 54.50

209.00
187.00
1 8 8 . OC
1 9 6 . 5C

___

3 9.0

3 6 .5
3 9.0

1 6 4 .5 0

3 6.0

145.50

1 74.50
176.50

WOMEN
6

179.50
177*00
203.50

1.745

36 0
3 5 .5

1*093

129

169
117
OFFI CE

166 "0
1 4 8 .5 0

_

.▼
..#> -rv.r-.r^Tr'

-T 58.50
15J.50

-»« r- ,
1 An * nn

17 ^ * n r

3 0 ^
-in
1 5 5.00
1 5 0.50

69

•5 0

735

3 7 .5

158
34

1 a r>* «

3 8.0

. T-4

118.0G
1 35.00

1
1*259
117
101
416
410

1M 1 L j
K

oL

A

jj

355
333
37

33 5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

79
1J6

t

3 6 .0
3 8 .5

1.096
68
1.038
92
30^
430

A'» 11 j ♦ LLMj

j

c

2 .3 1 6
133
343
197
c34
325
1.087

38 r
->r\

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

231.50
2 3 0.50
2 6 2 . 5C
218.50
1 97.50
c - 3 8 . j&

1^ A

144.00

1 ^

191*^r
2 2 6.50

3 8 .5

200 .5 0
200*00
2 3 0.50
203.50
1 8 2 . 5C
1 93.00
1 96.00

3 9.5
3 7.0
3 8 .0

3 8.5

1 36.50

3 8.0
3e .o
3 8 .5
38.0
3 8 .5

1 32.50
1 33.00
150.00
128.00
139.00

3 7.0

125.50

276

3 9 .5

175.50
165.00

3 9 .5

123.50

1*870
78
1.792
44
67

3 9.0

139.50

2*3

1 55.00

ioJ|

11

3 8 .0

1^7*00
132.50

536
561
197

____ _
_

__________

.... ,

75
52

148.50

-.# « «
■ *

58
81

418
^3

See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




139.50

790
767
55
467
205

246.00

30*0
3 9.0

3 9 .0

-

F"ILE CLl ^^ ^ s C t Aj u A

218 .0 0
224 .5 0
2 1 8 . OC

3 8.0

1^0*00
1 3 4 . 0C
140.50
1 41.00
1 31.00

362
350
29
218
98

m

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

56

W L l ^ALL
tttt

161.00

1 7 7 .0 0

in * ', . -

1 3 9 .5 0

7Q 7 1 ^ 8 ^ 5 0
^™

, A 1 7 7 .. 0 0
^ 179 00

30*0

36. j

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.

in Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1976— Continued
Average
(m ean2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation,

and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
w oik en

Weekly
hour* 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occup ation,

and in dustry division

PROFESSIONAL
OC CUPATI ONS -

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNI CAL
O CC UP AT I ONS - MEN

Number
of
w oiken

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND TE CHNI CA L
MEN— CONTINUED

Sex, 3 occup ation,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E CH N ICAL
O CCU PA TIO N S - MEN— CONTINUED
1 61.00

/ / O

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
w oik en

EL E C T R O N IC S

T E C H N IC IA N S — CONTINUED

3 9 2 .5 0

VJh

94

| K U N iv b

1 L L n N i L 1 ANj y

LLAj j

«

4 0 .0

3 4 0 ,5 0
4 1 0 .j O

2 7 7.00
,9 ^ *9 9

3^3

30r
341
64

or
3 2 4 .5 0
30*^

nn

OC CUPA TI ONS
^0*0

301*00

' 'OO ""0

COMPUTER
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S)*

. I . m r i/'T l,i« r ..r

■^30
60
149

5 t«v lC _S
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

r

4 0 .0

30 0
3 8 .5
3 9.0

303 .0 0
2 8 5 . So

“

™

91

— *"

4 0 •0

SYSTEMS
T

1 76.50
181.00
2 2 3.30
1 69.50

A NALYSTS

LLAj j

72

W

72

3 8 .0

38*0

2 6 9 . 5C

"si
70

3 8 .5
3 7.0
3 9 .0

3 2 7 .5 0
249.00
244 .5 0

It J
114
55

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

1 92.00
1 93.00
1 99.00

3 9 .5

1 9 1.00

901
124

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

166

40*0

263 .5 0
230 .5 0
268.50
2 5 5 .5 0
280 .5 0

443

4 0 .0

275 .5 0

^i r

74

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

WOMEN

DRAFTER-TR ACERb:
NONMANUFACTURING:

(B U SIN ESS),
asa

ufactu

Jt KV 1L t j

-

2 3 3 . 0C

E LE C TR ON I CS T EC H NI C I A N S — — —— — —
MANUFACTURING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

(B U SIN ESS),
E LE C TR ONI C S

TECH NIC IA NS,

C L A SS

A-

51
235

3 9 .0

25
101

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

. >ft

_

39

2 2 3.00
2 2 2 .5 0
2 4 6.50
2 1 6.50

8-

283

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------ ------- ---------—
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------

37
180

E LE C TR ON I CS

TECHNI CIA NS ,

C LA SS

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 8 .5 0
251 .5 3
252 .5 0
264 .0 0
254 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S)*

COMPUTFR

(B U S IN E S S),

PROGRAMMERS

72
108

224.00
3 9 .5

110

1 92.00
c

ft, ft _

2 1 8.00
52
1 80.00
183.00

51

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




185.00

62

12

157.50
3 8 .5

234.50

Table A -3 a .

A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x -

large establishments in Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1976
Average
(m ean2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

O CC UPA TI ONS -

Number
of
w oiken

Weekly
heun 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

MEN

Number
of
woikeis

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Average
(m ean2 )

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O F F I C E OC CUPA TI ONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
1 66.00

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

rg
60
50
27

3 7 .0

P RO FE S S I O N A L
O CC UPA TI ONS -

498
53

39 0
3 9 .0
3 8.5

1 42.50
1 45.00

93
93

169.00

3 8 .5

1 62.00
1 48.00
160.00

39.0
3 9 .0

1 39.50
1 39.50

AND TECHNI CAL
MEN— CONTI NUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U SIN ESS),

(B U S IN E S S).

$

2 8 7.00
NONMANUFACTURIMG • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
45

97
93
OFFICE

OC CUPA TI ONS -

2 .8 2 7
1 AO

3 9.0
3 9.5

571
206

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

331
1.197

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

13 0
12 1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86
3 9 .5
3 9.5

2 4 6 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0
2 6 6.00

no

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 .1 4 0
79

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1A 1 U

|K ^ U L

mm

""

3 8.5
4 0 .0

2 3 6 .5 0
208 .5 0
1 8 2.00
219 .0 0

a a a a w w

1.0 3 5

^

144.50
1 4 0.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

122.00
1 3 6.00

COMPUTER O PE R A T O R S ,

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 8.50
1 8 3.50

drafters, class a
NONMANUFa c t u p i n g

40.0

1 7 1.00

o r a f t e r s . Cl a s s c
nonmanufacturing

1 at

186

39!5
4 0 .0

crn

40.0

214 .0 0
227 .0 0

300
100
■ 't

1A*' iC j t L L A j b v

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

L
)

2 3 8 .5 0
2 3 7.50
2 6 5.50
2 0 0.00
2 5 6.00

99

itv K t

LLAbb

94

338
311
115
110

|I N b

161

159.50
1 59.50

135
72

A t v U U li

119.50

3 8 .0
30.0

299
284

2 0 6 .0 0
228 .0 0
205 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0
221 .5 0
1 87.50
1 73.50
2 0 3 .5 0

38 0
38*5

118

WOMEN

419
393

449

187

1 7 5.50
1 3 3.00
1 4 1 .j 0

3 9 .5

„nrr,.T«nr

.r - 1
3

— — — — ——

——

———

— —

———

59

35
538
4 0.0

2 8 2.50

1 65.50

363
336

39 c
3 9.0
4 0 .0

1' 8

E LE C TR O NI C S

TECHNI CIA NS ,

C LA SS

8-

177

4 0 .0

2 5 4.50

TECH NIC IA NS,

C LA SS

C-

83
83

4 0.0
4 0 ,0

197.00

1B U 3 i l i l t b b » i

A NALYSTS

UU A i 1

A

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
186
181

*

—— — —

j I j 1L ' 1j

WOMEN

(B U S IN E S S),

374.50

3 9.5

4 0.0

_

(B U S IN E S S),

ANAL T

223

3 .0

307.00
3 9 .0

r

318 .5 0

153.00
in i

154*00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




263.00

328

4 0 .0

50
145 I 00
1 4 J . OO

C LA SS

A-

E L E C T RO NI C S T E C H N I C I A N S ,
NONMANUF a c t u p i n g — — —

OC CUPA TI ONS SYSTEMS

5

3 9 .0

3 9 .0 1 6 1 . 5 0

3 9 .5

DR A F T tR -T P A C E R S :
NONMANUFACTURINGJ
public utilities

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

A

128

E LE C TR O NI C S

„

U IbK

vL, A O 3

C ------------------

1 0 ” 0(
1 8 2.00

1 6 5.00
1 6 5.50

9

2 1 8.00

53

COMPUTER

30

* ° -°

56
C LA S S

168.50

160.50
1 8 4.00

1 T • X^ 1

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

2 0 6.00

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0

Weekly
[standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

JO

Number
of
worker*

13

,4 r
r/

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in te n an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in W ashington, D .C .—M d .—V a ., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings 4

Num ber of w orkers

re ce iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of—

S
Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

M iddle range 2

$

I

$

$

S

i

1

S

5

s

s

S

2 .9 0

2 .60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .9 0

3 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .90

9 .8 0

5 .20

$
5 .6 0

S

2 .2 0

T

6 .00

6 .9 0

6 .80

2.60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0

3 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .90

9 .60

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6.4U

6 .80

17
17

11
11

11
10

23
16
12

2
1
*

lb

1
-

S

r .2 0

7 .60

S
8 .0 0

r,6n

8 •00

8, 9(1

! i

S

■»------------S--------

$
8 .9 0

8 .6 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 ,20

9 .6 0

over

93
93
93

2
2
2

1

5

and
under
2 .9 0

J

7

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

M A IN TE NA NC E CARP EN TE RS -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

130
116
57

7 .1 2
7 .1 9
8 .85

6 .3 2
6 .25
9 .5 5

5 .3 8 5 .2 5 9 .5 5 -

9 .5 5
9 .5 5
9 .5 5

7
7

MA IN TE NA NC E E L E C TR IC IA NS ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

135
57
76

7 .29
7 .7 9
6 .8 7

6 .9 5
7 .8 9
6 .8 8

6 .2 5 7 .0 0 5 .7 5 -

8 .3 0
8 .9 1
7 .57

2

M A IN TE NA NC E p a i n t e r s ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------f i n a n c e --------------------------

299
239
137

5 .7 3
5 .7 3
9 .6 9

5 .5 0
5 .5 0
9 .5 0

9 .2 5 9 .2 5 9 .0 0 -

7 .05
7 .05
5 .99

-------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

78
71

7 .8 9
7 .9 2

7 .9 7
7 .5 5

7 .3 6 7 .9 1 -

8 .6 1
8 .6 1

M A I N TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

197
123

6 .0 9
5 .7 0

6 .0 0
5 .6 2

5 .2 9 9 .9 8 -

7 .0 0
6 .19

maintenance

machinists

MA IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

-

.

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

-

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

"

.

_

_

1

.

*

*

“

10

_

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

6 .63
6 .9 6
6 .68
6 .67
7 .71

6 .5 3
6 .6 7
6 .5 3
6 .5 3
8 .99

6
6
6
6
6

-

7.00
6 .9 0
7 .0 5
6 .9 6
8 .9 8

-

M A IN TE NA NC E TR AD ES HE LP ER S --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

113

9 .9 1
9 .9 0

9 .3 3
9 .3 3

3 .3 8 3 .2 5 -

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

19
19

-

-

*

-

-

7

S T A T IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------S E RV IC ES -------------------------

JSO

6 .8 5
6 .8 2

6 .81
6 .8 1
6 .8 1

6 .0 3 6 .0 3 6 .0 3 -

7 .9 3
7 .5 9
7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

99
315
188

6 .6 6

1
5
3
3
5

-

-

-

10

a

8
8

-

-

36
39
32

-

661
193
518
396
10 2

.9
.2
.5
.5
.7

29
29
29

“

*

_

-

7
7
7

-

9

6
1
5

28
28
27

13
13
12

27
26
29

3
2

29
23

12
12
1

-

-

-

-

-

12
10
2

11
8
3

19
6
8

3
-

1

31
3
28

18
16
-

5
5

31
31

"

-

10
10
10

11
5

31
31

4
4

-

21

7
7

_

3

_

-

1

5
3
3

-

-

-

-

23
23

-

-

-

1

-

-

29
29

6
6

_

*

“

-

20
18

25
29

4£
2b

9
2

31

18
4
19
2
5

18
1
17
4
5

29
15
19
3
7

52
12
90
17
1

2b
16
12
12

266

88
44

36

66

12
12

66

7

_

91

36
36

4
2
2
2

12

99

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

6o

7

-

2

-

29
29

21
21

6
6
6

39
39
5

23
23
21

69
69
57

29
29
2

12
12
10

57
38
12

25
19
19

-

-

25
29

9
“

-

9
4

1
1
1

10

2

19
10
4

4
-

38
38

1
1

1

8
1
7

-

-

2
1

2
•

9

.
-

-

7
-

-

4h

99
237
217
11

44

32
32

41

17

6

.

-

-

7
-

4
4

'
See footnotes at end of tables.




14

‘

T ab le A -4 a . H ourly earnings o f m ain ten an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w o rkers—large establishm ents
in W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M a rc h 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f----

Hourly earnings 4

$
Middle range 2

$

$

5

5

^

$

$

s

s

t

$

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5 .4 0

5.60

s
5 . 80

S

d .tiO

6.20

6 . 60

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9 . 00

9 . “*0

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5 .6 0

5

.8 0

6 . 20

6.60

7. go

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9 , 'tft

9 .8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 .6 0

-

11

3

3

T --------- 1 ------ '
9.

o
o

Median2

$

3.60
Mean 2

s

cj
v

of
workers

s

C
O

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

i

and
u n d er
3.80

ALL WORKERS
maintenance

carpenters

--------------------------------

73

$
8.44

$
9 .5 5

$
7 .0 3 -

$
9.5 5

1

1
MAIN TE NA NC E ELECTR IC IA NS --------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------

55

7.57
7 .1 4

7 .4 5
6 .8 6

6 .8 6 6 .0 4 -

8.91
8.30

MA IN TE NA NC E PA INTERS ---- ---- ---- ---- -N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------

87
84

7.42
7.46

7 .0 5
7 .0 5

6 .2 7 6 .3 1 -

9.4 4
9.4 4

7

7

8

90

7

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) --- --- --- --- --- --- --- N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES - -- -- -- -- - -- -- - -RE TAIL TRADE --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ST AT IO NA RY ENGI NE ER S ----- ----- ----- --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




v~

60

45

-

-

1
1

'

.
*

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

*

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

1

1

l

7.36
7.39

7 .1 2
7 .4 6

6 .7 3 6 .7 3 -

8.4 4
8.4 4

6 .8 4

6 .4 1 -

7 .4 6

87

8.18

7 .0 5
8 .4 8

8 .4 4 -

8 .4 8

118

7 .5 6
7.46

7.9 4

7 .0 5 -

8.30

7.70

6.68- 8.30

2

4

*

2
2

7
7

4
4

1
1

20

10

6

2o

*

“

3
3

1
1

13
12

7

7

7

7

26
26

-

8
8

1

-

*

21
3

*

1
1

-

41

2

<+l

6

6

2
5
5

*
- 23

~

23

-

3
3

-

24

61

231
212
125

98

-

5

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

_

1

1
1

3
3

1

-

1

3

*
_

_

3
3

--

-

1
1
1

_

1
2

1
1

1
1

-

5

15
15

9
9

4b
38

40
28

5

14

7

29

28

-

-

1

2

*

“

5

1
1

5

2
2

9

10

9

lo

5

5

5

*
14
14

-

3

77

3
3

21
21
21

77

7

11
66

7

*

*

27

5
5

-

4
4

-

-

32
16

23

7

*
-

T a b le A -5 . H ourly earnings o f m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in W ashington, D .C .—
M d . - V a . , M a rc h 1976
Hourly earnings

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

“1

S

Number

$

i

I

I

J

s

5

S

i

i

%

Mean 2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

I

$

I

>

5

5.60 6.00 6.40 6.60 7.20 7.60

2.20

of

and
under
6.00 6.40 6.60 7.20 7.60 8.00

2.40

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------- ------- ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------RE TA IL TRA0E -------------SERV IC ES -------------------

3*794
443
3.351

5.7 4
6.48
5.6 4

5.9 5

4 .5 7 -

7.11

7.00
5.8 5

1*081

7.11

7.00
7.11
7.11

1.13 0

6.42
4.9 3
5.89

5 .9 5 4 .3 7 5 .6 7 -

5 .1 9
6 .4 5

4 .2 0 4 .7 7 -

5 .7 9
7.11

321

3 .9 6

4.0 0

4 .0 0 -

4.3 7

TR UCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

370
355

4.0 3
3 .9 6

4.0 0
A.00

3 .8 5 3 .8 5 -

4.3 7
4 .3 7

-

TR UCKDRIVERS. ME DI UM TRUCK N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------WH OLESALE TRADE ----------RE TA IL TRADE ---- --- -----S E RV IC ES -------------------

794
740
303

4.7 8
4.7 4

5
4
5
4

4
4
4
3

5
5
5
5

•

TR UC KDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NU NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------RE TA IL TRADE --------------

801

150
155

1.51 0
62
1.44 8

5.10
4 .5 8
3.8 9

6.5 5
5.8 4

.0
.6
.1
.0

0
7
9
5

.3
.2
.5
.9

5
0
6
5

-

.2
.2
.2
.2

-

30

25

53

-

30

25

53

*

9
5
0
0

20

20

5

3 .1 0 -

4 .3 7

“

7.11
6.2 5
7.11

6 .4 5 4 .8 6 6 .4 5 -

7.11
6.2 5
7.1 1

4 .7 5 6 .4 5 -

5.20
7.12

5.8 5
5.0 4

5 .8 5
5 .5 5

5 .5 4 4 .3 5 -

7.00
5.7 9

SHIP PI NG CLERKS ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------

127
103
89

4.7 3
4.6 3

4 .4 8
4 .4 8

3 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

5.9 7
5 .9 7

-

4 .6 3

4 .2 0

3 .2 5 -

5 .9 7

-

R E CE IV IN G C L ER KS ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------RE TA IL T R A D E ---- ---------

220
197
91

4 .5 3
4 .4 7

4 .1 7

4.9 8
4.9 8

•

3 .8 8 -

5.47

80

4 .6 2
4.41

4.10
4 .1 0

3 .7 5 3 .7 5 -

4.1 6

3 .3 7 -

4.7 5

-

S H IP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS •
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------SERV IC ES -------------------

108
91

4 .2 5
4 .1 5

3.8 2
3.6 9

3 .3 5 -

5.31

.

3 .2 0 -

5.31

•

52

3.81

3.60

3 .1 6 -

4 .5 0

*

WA RE HO US EM EN --------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G WHOL ES AL E TRADE
RE TA IL TRADE ---

623
623

5 .2 8
5.2 8

6.3 3
6.3 3

22
22

5.30
4 .5 2

5.4 5
5.4 5
5.80

4 .1 5 4 .1 5 -

321
176

4 .7 5 -

6.2 5

22

4.9 6

3 .9 3 -

5.30

-

37
16

<L<L
-

22

15

6

3

6

3

*

4
7

11

21

15

7

6

26
26

46
46

8
8

2
2

2
2

16
16

10
10

8

8

-

3
3

7

-

.
-

*

*

-

11
11
11

10
10

6

10
10
8
2

22
22
11

1
1
1

4
4
4

.
-

2

*

2

-

7
7
3
4

12
12

OROER FI LL ER S -------NONMANUFACTURING WHOL ES AL E TRADE
RE TA IL TRADE —

1.29 0

5 .5 7

5.9 7

3 .6 7 -

7.3 4

44

1 .22 0
341

5.5 4

6.2 4

3 .6 2 -

7.3 4

44

3.97

3 .1 5 -

4 .4 6

44

22

877

6.15

3 .7 5
7.1 2

4 .0 0 -

7.5 6

*

S H IP PI NG P A CK ER S ---NONMANUFACTURING W H OL ES AL E TRADE

368
356

3.8 9
3 .8 4

3.5 9
3.5 9

3 .0 0 2 .9 5 -

4.8 5
4.8 5

216

4.1 5

3 .7 2

2 .3 5 -

5.40

55
55
55

30

8
8

9

6
6

-

“

*

11
11

16
15

19
18

11
1

11
9
3

8

5
5
-

21

5

7
7
5

16
16

17
17

11

1
1
1

49
49
33
15

17
17

10
10

4
4
4

23
23

34
34

36

67
67
11
56

12

22

56
56
32
24

10
10

19
19

6
6

52
52

58
58

11

14

12

11

S e e fa a t a a t M at end o f t a b le s .

16

8

15

3

1

-

36
36
19
13

1
1
1

18
15
89

14
7
•

11
11

"

37
37
9
28

115
115
70
45

15
15
4
9

35
35
30
5

24
24

38
38

34
34

14
14

22

22

23
23
*

•
-

2

13
-

14
14

3
3

“

130
130

11

9

33
33
33

3

175
140
134
4

11

9

20
20

30
29

3
3
-

-

30
30

28
28

-

39
39
9
-

10
10

1

3

695
399

36
36

9

9
9

11

3

8

11
13

*

-

47
45
42
3

*
*
“

9

3

13

.

-

-

*

*

22
16
15
-

5*5
54
46

3
-

_
-

-

19

409

792

*

4

72
25
47
4
43

399
3
216

791
391

78
78

161
145

4

-

*

-

-

16
16
16

-

12
12

5
5
3

-

-

•
-

14
9
9

10
8
8

159

10

8

19
13

12

6

29

4

62

4
-

2
60
54

4
4

_

-

1
1
1
16

16
8
-

2
2

-

-

-

5
-

4

12

_

-

180
11

23
-

9

-

_

10

225
45

7
7

8
11

26

-

133
28
105
4

8

10

6

1

13
-

6

50
51

41

30

3

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) ------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

13
lb

*

1294
285
1009
618
391

447
13
434
180
3
251

93

122
122

7
7
3
4

3

66

66

49
49
35
9

27
27

6.5 5

144
55

21

101
6
95
3
82

40
40
18

5
5

753

3
la

6

4^

32
31
-

10
10

1

10

202
2
20 0

42
-

51
51

- -

104

6
22

300
35
265

81
19
62
32
24

117
117

4
4

*

11
55

70
3
67
4
53

47
47

26
26

*

10
95

242
242

-

17
17

10

195
3
192

111

20

8

137

74
137

20

9

137

21
11

8

-

5.20
7.11

8

44
60

10

-

4.3 7

6
11

117
4
113

23
30

6.5 8
5.0 9




14

34
34

12

-

•

42
8

-

6

13
-

-

13

6

13
13
13

-

6
6
-

6

“

278

*

-

-

1

-

6
6
6

9
9
-

•
•

-

9

-

-

2

-

-

-

14

1

8

6

8
8

3
3

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

88
88

66
20

55
55
28
14

81
81
65

65
65
58

86
88

-

118
73
73

29

33
28

8
8
43
43
3
40

6

29
29
15
14

.
-

-

9
9

-

-

6

•

*

-

9

3

-

-

9
•
9

3
3
3

3
3
*

16
16
16

8
8

8
8

20
8

8

8

8

52
52
52

•
-

9
9

11

-

-

-

-

187
187

367
367

23
23

•
28

-

-

—

367

23

-

187

-

•

•
-

•

-

-

T ab le A -5 . H ourly earnings o f m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in W ashington, D .C .—
M d .—V a ., M a rc h 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings
N

Occupation and industry division

N u m b er o f workers rec eiving s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

4

5
1
s
I
*
*
r
S
t
s
S
S
$
5
S
s
1 --------- ■5--------- T --------$
4
S
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 . 6 0 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5 .60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60

L

of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

2 . A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.4o 4.60 4 . 8 0 5 t 0 9

5.20 5.40 5.60

6

6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00.

,0 0

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
MATE RI AL H A ND LI NG LABO RE RS --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

1.706
405
1.301
354
777

$
3.91
4.61
3.69
4.32
3.12

FORK LI FT O P ER AT OR S ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

661
185
476
139
328

GU AR DS AND WATC HM EN ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------P U BL IC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------FI NA NC E -------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

$

$

$

3.80
4.40
3.50
3.77
2 .8 0

2.974.332.753.752.44-

4.75
4.76
4.24
4.87
3.60

138
138

132
132

5.58
4.74
5.91
4.99
6.32

5.40
4.63
6.20
4.50
7.17

4.404.404.504.504.35-

7.17
5.31
7.40
5.97
7.40

.
-

-

3.123
74
3.049
192
135
191
2.520

2.92
3.46
2.91
5.08
3.13
3.17
2.71

2.75
3.00
2.75
4.70
3.20
3.05
2.75

2.502.302.504.412.802.502.50-

2.91
4.56
2.85
5.65
3.55
4.00
2.75

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CL EANERS --- 10.254
197
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --- ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------- 10.057
356
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------97
WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------933
R E TA IL TRADE -------------------1.647
FI NA NC E -------------------------SERV IC ES ------------------------- 7,024

2.82
4.26
2.80
4.55
3.74
3.08
2.73
2.67

2.70
4.23
2.70
4.61
3.75
2.75
2.70
2.70

2.453.252.454.213.152.502.502.35-

2.90 £087 1562 3456
5.16
9
2.87 2087 15o2 3447
4.83
5
4.25
172 310
73
3.15
232
503
364
3.00
882 2773
2.75 1782

132

100
100

59
9
50
50

118
118
118

86
2
84
54
28

58
12
46
24
16

157
2
155
104
49

82
1
81
•
78

63
2
61
48
9

177
126
51
30
15

84
80
4
4

218
95
123
5
4

15
l
14

•
-

6
6
6

-

9
9
4
5

4
1
3
3

25
•
25
4
21

12
12
12

32
14
18
8
10

38
8
30
30

129
61
68
62
6

152 1101 1033
5
20
132 1096 1033

93

127
16
111

83
4
79

114
1
113

66
1
65

20

87
5
82
2

58
1
57
40

57
3
54
48

1
19

40
40

8
9

6

1
2

90
1
89
35

43

146
21
125
78
20
3
14
10

67

124
10
114
110
4

138
-

-

*

100
-

19
15
18
45
7
72 1078 1001

-

93

22
28
61

15
17
45

34
19
60

21
4
40

694 1160
12
12
682 114b
6
10
11
87
75
134 291
754
462

283
36
247
15

143
7
136
9
2
29
29
67

145
7
138
10
29
31
23
45

9
3
81

See footnotes at end of tables.




17

-

40
38
154

-

20

-

16
10
28

-

43
10
7
d
18

-

67
3
-

20
1
43

5
-

4

26
24
2
2
-

1
1
“

18
15
3
1

15
15
-

101
20
81
80
1

5

43
43
•
-

.
-

20
3
17
8

12
12
-

38
38
-

-

-

-

*

-

53
4
49
45
4

10
1
9
8
1

1
1
1

46
4
42
39

5

3
1

8
6

2
-

-

3
1
2

-

7

b
-

-

lb
•

18
lc

2

-

25
1
24
21

2

2

2

55
55

50
4
4b
28

55
17
38
23

33
1
32
27

18

9

5

-

-

b

29
-

-

-

29
29

-

-

-

38
38
10

15
15
15

-

88
-

141
141
141

•
-

•

_

-

-

~

-

88
13
13
13

-

-

2
1
1
-

14
1
13

-

20
2
18
-

-

-

6

18

1

13

-

7
1
6

-

b

-

-

6

T ab le A -5 a . H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers—large establishm ents
in W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M a rc h 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

3“
3“
3“
3 ---$
T"
S
2
S
S
I
S
2.20 2.40 2.60 2 .80 3.00 3. 20 3. 40 3 .60 3.80 4. 00 4. 20 4. 40 4, 60

of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
7 ---- 7
S
$
4
S
$
$
$
4.8o 5.00 5.20 5.40 5. 60 6. 00 6.4C 6.80 7.20 7.60

and
under
o
o

2.40 2.60 2.80 3 .00 3.20 3. 40 3. 60 3 .80

4. 20 4. 40 4. 60 4. 80

5.00 5,2fl 5 . AO 5* 60 6jJliLA ms t l 6.60 7.80 7,<?Q 6.00
ifu

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRI V E R S -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1.097
73
1.024
161
844

$
6.18
5.59
6.22
5.10
6.48

$
6.45
5.41
6.45
5.34
6.77

$
5.345.165.344.806.43-

$
7.12
6.25
7.12
5.34
7.12

*

31
1
30
30

14
14
4
9

5
5
5
“

“

1
-

2
2
“

5
5
“

“
“

3
3
3

30
30
30

9
9
9

*

1
1
”

22
21
21

5
5
5

2
2
1

8
7
3

3
3

6
6

2
2

*

21
21
21

5

1

5
”

1

3
“
3

*

3
3
*

”

3

3

-

-

-

-

“

*

3
3
3

*

3
3

7

6
6

7
-

7

6

36
36
30
6

37
37
19
lb

AA
35
9
2
7

124
124
89
35

13
6
7
3
4

30
8
22
9
4

71
20
51
51

3
3
3

30
30
*

j
3
j

37
2
-

118
118
29

13
7
4

10
10
-

9
8
8

7
7
7

3
3
3

6
6
6

19
19
15

7
7
7

f
e

-

b

-

6

"

19
11
4

15
15
13

8
7
6

2
2
2

10
10
9

9
*
V

_
-

“

“

“

“

4
4

o
8

_

42
42
42

9
9
9

5
5
5

13
13
13

14
14
14

.

_

-

-

•

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S t ME DI UM TRUCK -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

243
197
56

5.26
5.26
5.52

5.34
5.34
5.20

5.16- 5.34
5.20- 5.34
5.20- 5.67

*

TR UC KD RI VE RS * HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRAOE --------------------

791
764
753

6.52
6.53
6.55

7.11
7.11
7.11

6.43- 7.12
6.45- 7.12
6.45- 7.12

*

*

”

*

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

105
96
80

4.48
4.40
4.41

4.17
4.15
4.16

3.52- 4.88
3.50- 4.88
3.37- 4.75

-

_
*

1
1

.
-

WA RE HO US EM EN -------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

228
228

5.81
5.81

5.80
5«oo

5.30- 6.62
5.30- 6.62

-

*

-

-

ORDER FI LL ER S ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

890
6A5
845

6.26
6.27
6.27

7.12
7.12
7.12

5.18- 7.56
4.53- 7.56
4.53- 7.56

-

6
6
6

30
30
30

56
56
56

b

8
B

15
15
15

--------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

750
696
671

3.23
3.06
3.02

2.80
2.75
2.75

2.40- 3.55
2.40- 3.20
2.40- 3.10

138
138
138

132
132
132

100
100
100

50
50
50

94
94
94

30
30
28

22
22
16

28
28
26

28
28
25

13
13
9

18
18
12

4
4
4

i
i
i

FO RKLIFT OPER AT OR S -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RETAIL T R A D E ---- -— ---- -------

334
288
288

6.44
6.62
6.62

7.17
7.17
7.17

5.45- 7.40
7.17- 7.40
7.17- 7.40

.
-

-

-

-

“

“

5
5
5

3
3
3

21
21
21

7
7
7

-

*

6
6
6

10
10
10

2
1
1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------SERV IC ES ----------------------------------------------------------

489
451
144

3.97
3.97
3.44

3.75
3.70
3.45

3.23- 4.41
3.25- 4.41
2.86- 3.79

15
15
10

5
5
5

25
25
18

19
19
7

49
33
6

38
38
18

62
62
30

41
41
16

5
5
4

17
12

50
49
8

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------- ------------------- -- -------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------------------

3.041
2.932
229
665

3.02
2.97
4.54
3.17

2.70
2.70
4.21
2.75

2.652.654.212.62-

3.00
2.95
4.83
3.15

309
309

284 1415
284 1415

240
236

75
59

51
49
10
31

58
58
35
16

19
19

7

47
42
4
23

1.955

2.70

2.70

2.70- 2.70

279

194
188
1
6b
20
102

47

11

3

3

material

handling

SERV IC ES

laborers

----------------------------------------------------------

*
-

-

-

29

”

118

233
11
102 1171

63
153

"

See footnotes at end of tables.




18

“

254
3
251
251

391
391
391

13
13
13

6
.
6
6

-

-

-

6
6
6

62
43
43

216
21b
216

391
391
391

13
13
13

_
-

1
-

_
-

9
9
9

3
-

-

-

_

-

T

5
-

2

-

-

20
20

55
55

12
12

59
59

16
16

_

-

43
A3

-

-

9
9
9

3
3
3

45

9
9
9

?B
28
26

1 °7
187
167

367
367
367

23
23
23

b
4

2A
-

1
-

-

5
5
b

10
10
10

15
15
15

_
-

4

3
-

-

3
-

i
i

*

-

i

68
88
68

141
141
141

57
54
6

46
42
2

s
-

9
9
1

7

88
88
78
3

50
40
40

8

3

!

“

a

-

7

-

-

_

-

-

-

13
-

-

18
3
1

-

1
1
1

2
-

33
-

-

-

-

8
4
4

1
1
1

3
2
2

4
2
2

2
2
2

25
24

-

8
8

13
13

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

u
\c

55
-

29
25
7
18

31
29
14
9

33
32
27
5

14
13

12
-

*

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

6
6

20
18

2

-

-

-

6

18

1

13

-

-

-

-

1

•

-

.
-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., March 1976
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e ,

toolroom

OCCUPATIONS

pow erplant

,

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IAL
O CCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

and

-

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MEN

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

m a t e r ia l

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

movement

OCCU PATIO N S

-

and

Number
of
workers

c u s t o d ia l

MEN— CONTINUED

$
57




$

7 .1 2 ,
7 .1 4
8 .8 5

135
57
78

5 .7 0

4^75
S .1 0

155

7 .8 4
7 .9 2

123

» r-. . . . . ^ r-

734
299

5 .7 3
4 ,6 9

76
71

e l e c t r ic ia n s

3 .8 9

MECHANICS

(M ACH IN ERY)

-

-

A

i

^04
62

1 104
747
TRU CK D RIVERS*

HEAVY

518
346

^ 6 3
4 .6 3

205

3S0
315
188

4 .5 9

T;
r&

1K HUL

4 .4 ,

622
622

—

—

—

—

—

— —

NONMANUFACTURING —
w h o lesale

R E T A IL

trade

—

— —

—

—

—

— — — —

TR a UE ----------------------------------------------

T R U C K D R IV E R S * LIG H T
NONMANUF AC TURING

TRUCK ———————

3*782
443
3 .3 3 9
1 .0 7 9
797
1 ,1 2 4
321

and

cleaners

-------

6*207

_
<

' 0
L ,.~ i

^
3'

2^65
3 .7 8

4 .5 2

i ,0 8 7

5 .7 4
6 .4 8
5 .6 4
6 .4 2
4 .9 2
5 .8 9
3 .9 6

370
355

* P O R T l RS*

I d a .

176
i

—

m a n u f a c t u r in g

2 .7 2
j a n it o r s

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AND C U STO D IA L
O CCUPATIO NS - WOMEN

6.66

M ATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STODIAL
O CCUPATIONS - MEN

T RUCKU RIVERS

r /

7L

6 .8 5
6 .8 2

1 LI A IL
‘

1
1

5 .8 5
j.0 4

1 T*!
no

6 .6 7
7 .7 1
4 .4 1
4 .4 0

1 ^ A U t.

5 .0 9

695
399

6.681

113
99

o A L l.

6 ' JJ

/

102

r i ,r I . r r

h l 'U L t,

TRUCK

661

^

3jb

n . T i.* r

MAINTENANCE

T

'" * 6 1

$

7 .2 4
7 .7 4
6 .8 7

239
137

m a in t e n a n c e

Average
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

4 .0 3
3 .9 6

289
798
203
191

See footnotes at end of tables.

19

5 03
5 .8 2
4 .1 3
6 .4 3

2 .

J A N IT O R S *
4 .5 3

PO RTfcRS*

AND CLEANERS -------

4 ,0 4 7

2 .7 2




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex—large establishments in Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., March 1976
S ex,

Number
of

3 o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
POWERPLANT OCCU PATION S - MEN

Number
of
workers

M ATERIAL m o v e m e n t a n d c u s t o d i a l
O CCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

$

Jo
I t iAIL 1
'.

^

Average
(m ean *)
hourly
earnings 4

“

8.**
8. *7
8.99

' '9

HtlAll— 1K MUL " "TB

7.1*
04

m a in t e n a n c e

7.*2
7.*6

UNUCL>' r lLL^Kj

ft*AS
* _
6.

NONMANUFACTURING

m e c h a n ic s

---- — --- -------

532

3.08

d 31
.

125
87

8* IB
*

98

1•

6
S E R V IC E S

m a t e r ia l

m ovem ent

and

JA N IT O R S ,

c u s t o d ia l

-------------------------

4^6
135

---

1.713

P O R T tR S ,

AND CLEANERS

3 .* 7

3.15
T* ' S
■
‘

1 009
‘ “ 73
1.016

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

t r u c k d r iv e r s ,

-----------------

heavy

195
56

5.59

5.28

OCCU PATION S

JA N IT O R S ,

tru ck

758
7*7

PORTERS,

-

WOMEN

AND CLEANERS

---

1.328

lt0 6 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

20

2 .8 6

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Washington, D.C.—Md.—
Va., for selected periods
I n d u s t r y an d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p
( m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d )

M a r c h 1972
to
M a r c h 1973

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l __________________ _____ ______________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________ _____________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * _ ______________________
U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s * * ____________ ______________

5 .4
*

6 .4
*

7 .8

5 .2
8 .9
4 .2

***
*
***
***

7 .9

7 .0
6 .3

6.6

8.1

9 .5
7 .9

10.2

***
***
***

***
***

1 0 .4
1 0 .9

1 1 .3
1 5 .2

6 .5
3 .9

6 .4
*
***

7 .7
7 .9

sjcsje*

***

7 .0
6 .4
***
***

3 .7

7 .1

10.6

5 .3
*
***
♦ ♦♦
5 .6

to

1976

M a r c h 1975
to
M a r c h 1976

***
$
***

6 .9

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ______________________________
_______
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * --------------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s * * _____________________________

D a ta n o t a v a i l a b l e .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

M a r c h 1974
to
M a rch 1975

7 .3
6 .7
5 .3

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ___ _______________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * ___________ _______
U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s * * ---------------------------------------------

*
**
***

M a r c h 1973
to
M a r c h 1974

r e la te

to m e n

7 .8

o n ly .

Footnotes
1

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or
w e e k ly h o u rs .
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r of workers.
The me di an designates position—
h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the workers earn less than the lower of these rates
3 E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ifi c a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .

p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond

to th e s e

2

and




21

half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and a fourth earp m o r e than the higher rate.

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o l ­
le c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en o u g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta .
Sepa­
r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n ot id e n t ifie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s if ic a t io n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t sh ow n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s data
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a re ro u n d e d
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifi e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s i s
s e le c t e d .
W h en d a ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th at u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e ou t o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a t io n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r ig i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u ita b le s u b s titu te i s a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th at is s im il a r t o th e m i s s i n g u n it.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ff e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
Su ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f fic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and th u s c o n tr ib u te
d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s crip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

* Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk-Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
N.
Newburgh, N .Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y.
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




22

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e tr e n d jo b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e da ta a r e
a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o th e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ff e c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n te r at th e b o tt o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n
and w o m e n ) :

C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in te r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv:
as fo llo w s :

U n s k ille d plan t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h an d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

a r e c o m p u te d

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O f fic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n ):

O f fic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— C on tin u ed

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c le r k s

A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in the
base y e a r.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a tes.
W hen th e tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , a nn ual
r a t e s a r e sh o w n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s ta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt ip lie d
b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e to t a le d to o b ta in a
grou p a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt —
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d u s e d to co m p u te t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n<pt p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u lle tin .
In fo r ­
m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls . 1 T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d if f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Washington, D.C.—Md.— a .,1March 1976
V
In d u s try d i v is i o n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stud y

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stq d y 3

S tu died

S tu died
N u m b er

P ercen t

ALL ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
ALL DIVI SI ON S -------------------------------------------------------------

.

1 ,2 3 6

240

3 3 4 ,3 1 1

100

1 7 5 ,7 4 5

m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------— --------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -----------------------------------------

100
-

75
1 ,1 6 1

28
212

2 5 ,0 0 4
3 0 9 ,3 0 7

7
93

1 6 ,1 7 8
1 5 9 ,5 6 7

100

100
50
50

58
128
155
2 67
553

26
27
35
42
82

4 5 ,7 4 3
2 0 ,7 3 5
1 1 1 ,6 3 7
3 8 ,7 7 0
9 2 ,3 7 2

14
6
33
12
28

3 7 ,0 7 6
9 ,3 8 4
6 7 ,0 7 4
1 4 ,2 4 5
3 1 ,7 8 8

ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------------------- ----------------------------------

-

94

65

| 8 2 ,5 7 1
1

100

1 4 3 ,8 1 8

M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 00
-

8
86

7
58

1 1 ,9 2 1
1 7 0 ,6 5 0

7
93

1 1 ,3 6 7
1 3 2 ,4 5 1

500
500
500
5 00
500

u

10
5
17
7
19

3 4 ,2 0 9
6 ,1 6 9
9 3 ,8 0 1
9 ,3 4 4
2 7 ,1 2 7

is

5
33
9
28

3
51
5
1

3 3 ,2 0 7
6 ,1 6 9
6 3 ,8 8 8
8 ,2 4 2
2 0 ,9 4 5

---------------------------------------------------------r e t a il trade
----------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and h e a l e s t a t e 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------w h olesale

traoe

so

LARGE ESTA BL IS HM EN TS

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------------------------w h olesale trad e
---------------------------------------------------------r e t a i l TRADE
------------------------------------

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------

5

1 T h e W a sh in g to n S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g em en t and B u d g e t t h ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s is t s o f th e D is t r ic t o f
C o lu m b ia ; th e co u n tie s o f C h a r le s , M o n t g o m e r y , and P r i n c e G e o r g e s , M d ., and A r lin g t o n , F a i r f a x , L o u d o u n , and P r i n c e W i ll ia m , V a .; and th e c i t ie s o f A le x a n d r ia ,
F a i r f a x , and F a lls C h u r c h ^ V a . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f
th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r le v e l s
s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s i fy in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n clu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h as t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b l ic u t il it i e s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e l o c a l t r a n s it s y s t e m is
g o v e m m e n t a lly j o p e ra te d and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m the s c o p e o f th e stu d y.
6 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " f i n a n c e " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




24

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
it s f ie ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a ge r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a re d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a t u r e and d if f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c l u s io n s

a . R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;
d.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's
R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s

P e r fo r m s




a . P o s it io n s
d e s crib e d above;
b.

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
a ccu ra cy;
f.

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e
as fo llo w s :

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

w h ich

do

n ot

m eet

th e

"p e r s o n a l"

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s s is t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to jo b f a m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m ilie s h a v e -n o t b e e n t it le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d o in g s o m ig h t h a v e a d d ed e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
j o b m a t c h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h a s a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

25

se cre ta ry con cept

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t u su a l

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

E x c l u s io n s — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n
d u tie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u nit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o f t e n , in tu r n , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e • o f f i c i a l s w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t it le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y i s to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH ER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th an th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r th a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M ay o p e ra te fro m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( i f p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ) .
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s a s
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th an th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten ograp h er, G en eral

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T YP IST

SW ITCH BOAR D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
voca b u la ry fro m tra n s crib in g -m a ch in e re c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o r t h a n d o r b y S tenotype o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d with a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i le at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C hief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O perator-R eceptionist.

TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s have b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in clud e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g li ttle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u ch as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
C lass A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w hen it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r pla n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c le a r
o r settin g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; C o p y ty pin g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s i m p l e s ta n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FILE CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s uch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m ber of va rie d s u b ject m a tter f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C.
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alphabetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e rica l).
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s ro u tin e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u ch as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t duty .




SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u ch d u t ie s a s g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by te l e p h o n e and
a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g out an o r d e r s h e e t lis ti n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n tit ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r shjeet;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey
h av e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip pin g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
ACCO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes of r e p o r t s , lis ts , ca lcu la tio n s, posting,
e t c .; o r p r e p a rin g sim p le o r a s s i s t in g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P ositions
definitions.

are

cla ssified

in to

le ve ls

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n on rep etitive accounting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

AC C O U N TIN G C LE R K — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C lass B .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in st r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accounting c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic
n u m e r i c data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a ctio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l it t le k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, ex p en se d istribution, in v en tory c o n tr o l, etc.
May ch e ck o r a s sist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
M ACH IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty pew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billing m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m a ch in e.
The operation u su ally in v olv es a la rg e n um ber o f c a r b o n co p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ook k eepin g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
accounts re ce iv a b le operation.
G e n e r a l ly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eous e n try o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a knowledge o f b o o k ­
keeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O LL CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
da t a on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
Calculating w o r k e r s ' earnings
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da t a o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
May use a
ca lcu latin g m a ch in e .




P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

th e

an d /or

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C lass B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e su p ervision
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a rio u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lit tle o r n o
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in form ation .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r , s o r te r , rep rod u cin g punch, e tc .
E xcluded fro m
th is defin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to rs of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a ccou nting m a ch in e equipm en t.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v isin g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l pa n el w ir in g u nder g e n e r a l su p e rv isio n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp ecific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
ti n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
t h e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la t in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in divid ual so rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r rep e titiv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINE SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelops a com p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
req u ire d digital com p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

C la ss C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a single a ctivity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s analy sis w ork .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem ents o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f data t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n ow led g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f .the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese ch a rts to co d e d in stru ctio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r ada p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
if th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

D o e s not in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la ss A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e ,- u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tp ut da ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m m e n d a tio n s, if n eeded,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
equipm ent.

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M ay p r o v id e functional
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

direction

to

low er

level system s

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exa m ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in t a in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b ut d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g action s m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l in k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to da ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

a n a ly s t s

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

29

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da ta in tw o
o r three v a rie d sequen ces or fo rm a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
inpu t da ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
May a s s i s t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C.
M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g . t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
receiv ed
operator

DRAFTER
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re co m m e n d m in o r design ch anges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
lev el d rafters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
reg u la rly used.
D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p ositional rela tion sh ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a rch itectu ral
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is ch ecked f o r te c h n ic a l adequacy.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u nit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g, con stru ctio n , m a n ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on so lid a te s details fr o m a n u m ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m e th o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In struction s a re l e s s c o m p le t e when a ssig n m en ts
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

C l a s s B.
O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit tle o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




C lass C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

30

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC H N IC IAN — Continued

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D oes not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equip m en t.
W ork in volves:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A technician.

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r rep etitive draw ings o f e a sily v isu a lize d ite m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECHN ICIA N

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l techn icia ns.

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m aintaining,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l t o put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u ir e d op eratin g con dition.

C la ss C.
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty pica lly in volves such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s uch a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n
advance to h igh er l e v e l te ch n icia n .

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and (c) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm en t.
T h is c la s s i fi c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w ho h a v e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P ositions
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

le ve ls

on

th e

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l techn ician.
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advan ced a ssig n m e n ts a re in v olv ed .
R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U RSE

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv es n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g en era l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h ealt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a re e x clu d ed .

C la ss A.
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gineering changes.
W o r k in v o lv e s ':
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
ta sk s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly se s , calcu latin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).

M A IN TEN A N C E, TO OLROOM, A N D POW ERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n t in u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in t a in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




31

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor v eh icle;

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s the i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o st
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equip m en t; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s, la you ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and f r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h t e n in g b o d y
bolts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clud e m e c h a n i c s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

M AIN TEN AN CE PAIN TER
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M ACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
equipm en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r pa rtly dism a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and f itt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a ll
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r op er a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e tt in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .




M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g and l a y in g out a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m ain ten an ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r other s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIGH T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the plant la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in te rp re tin g blu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a rie ty o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a in t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

32

M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES H ELPER

T O O L AN D DIE MAKER

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d with m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p la stic, p la ste r, ru bber, g la ss). W ork ty pically in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la yin g
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u sin g v a r i o u s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -TO O L O PE R A TO R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a in t a in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a teria l (e.g ., plastic, p la ster, ru bber, gla ss).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e tu p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cu ttin g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h an dle the s i z e o f s t o c k to be m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g m a c h i n i n g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n in g a n d
exp erien ce.

include
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May also su p erv ise these op eration s.
Head o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are e x clu d e d .
BOILER TEN DER
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die j o b b i n g

MATERIAL M O VEM EN T AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R I V E R — C o n tin u e d

TRU CKDRIVER

T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ithin a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r w o r k e r s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lish m en ts such as:
M a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g shipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ip pin g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty pe o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f tr a ile r ca pa city.)




ligh t t r u c k (u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k (1 V2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
heavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

33

SHIPPING A N D REC EIVIN G C LE R K — Continued

SHIPPING P A C K E R — Continued

s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t i n g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r shipm ent.
R eceiving w ork in v o lv e s :
V erifyin g o r directin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
t a in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g da t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a ls o m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s are exclu ded .
M A T E R I A L H ANDLING L A B O R E R

F o r wage

s tu dy p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk e rs are cla ssifie d as follow s:
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth e r tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, shelving, o r p la cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rr o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

S h ipp ing c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v olv es m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u sin g d u ties.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O pera tes a m anually co n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g pla n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
truck,

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th an f o r k l i f t )

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du tie s i n v o l v e ship pin g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e Sh ipp in g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
(see O rd e r F il le r ), o r operating p o w e r truck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra tor).

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at ga te and c h e c k on id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

ORDER FIL LE R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in stru ction s.
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
re la ted du ties.

W atchm an.
M akes rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JAN ITOR,

p eriod ica lly

in

protecting

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
or other establish m en t.
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

SH I P P I N G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u nit s to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in




F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

34

Available On RequestT h e fo llo w in g a r e a s ; ire s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly fo r u se in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s fi e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
G
B o is e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C onn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , Vt.—N. Y.
Cape C od, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo tte —G a s to n ia , N .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T en n .— y.
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
D uluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o — a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
L
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a stin g s , N e b r.
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a.
H untington—A s h la n d , W. V a .—K y .— h io
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L aw ton , O k la.
L im a , O h io
L it t le R o c k ^ N o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b lis h e d

in r e l e a s e s w h ic h ,

w h ile s u p p lie s

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in —E l y r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a r q u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo r d —K la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o l a , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B e r ir - J a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
N ew L on don —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k o ta , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a rd — im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— h io
O
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e ll o —
Ida ho F a l ls , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o l o .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev .
R ich la n d —K e n n e w ic k —W a lla W a lla —
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S iou x F a l ls , S. D ak.
S p ok a n e, W a sh .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fi e ld -C h i c o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .— on n .
H
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo — a i r f i e ld —N apa, C a lif.
F
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n a n n u al r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s i s a v a ila b le . O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 8 9 1 , N a tion a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s show n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O ffi c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 2 04 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s o r b u l l e t i n s u p p l e m e n t s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a r d s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y b e
o b t a i n e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
A lb a n y — c h e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 *__________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A na—G a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 19 7 5 1 ------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1975 1 ________________ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 ,
B in g h am ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
B irm in g h a m , A l a ., M a r. 1976 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
C anton, O h io, M ay 197 5 ____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
C h a ttan oog a , T en n .—G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 ,
C in cin n a ti, O h io—K y.—In d ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 ,
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1975 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 ,
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1975* __ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
D a v en p ort—R o c k Islan d—M o lin e , Iowa—111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
D ay ton , O h io, D e c . 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g . 1975---------------------- ------------------_----------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1975---------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
D e t r o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 ,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B e a ch —
B o c a R aton, F la ., A p r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 ,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
G r e e n B ay, W i s . , J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n -S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
W
H
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1975
_______ ____ ______ _______ _—_— _ _ _ — 1 8 5 0 -4 2 ,
H a r tfo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1 ___ _________________________________ ______________ _______ ___ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 ,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A l a ., F e b . 197 5 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1975 * _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1976 ________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -8 ,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y ., N ov. 1975 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
L o u is v i ll e , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1975 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1975 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,
A
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 To be surveyed.




45 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 c e n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
85 ce n ts
80 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
80 cen ts
F ree
F ree
95 cen ts
55 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
80 cen ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
4 5 ce n ts
65 cen ts
45 c e n t s

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M ia m i, F l a . , O ct. 197 5______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1_______________ ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 ,
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1976____________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 ,
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976_____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 0 ,
N ew O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1976 ______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 ,
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .—N .J ., M a y 1975 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
O m ah a , N e b r.—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1975 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1976 1________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 ,
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J une 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1975 1 ___________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 197 5 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 197 5 _____________________________________________________________Suppl.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f., D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
Sa gin a w , M i c h . , N ov. 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
S alt L ak e C ity—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________ ___ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a lif., M a r. 1976_______________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -9 ,
O
San J o s e , C a li f., M a r. 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 ,
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1976 ________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -6 ,
South B en d , Ind., M a r. 1976 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -5 ,
S ta m fo r d , C onn. 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
T o le d o , O h io - M ic h ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
W a sh in gton , D .C .—M d.—V a ., M a ?. 1976___________________ ____________________ __________ 1 9 0 0 -1 2 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1976________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -4 ,

95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
95 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 c e n t s
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 c e n ts
75 ce n ts
65 c e n ts
75 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
F ree
65 ce n ts
F ree
45 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
75 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
95 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
55 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
F ree
80 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
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Lab-441

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